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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
VOL. 1---NO. 31. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 3, 1887. PRiCEE $2A YEAR.
A Disease of Horses Peculiar to redita
Central Florida. interim
BY J. 0. NEAL, M. D. tion
The central section of Florida, em- no fe
bracing about four or five counties, ate i
known as the, '-Lake Region," has for -ARi
years been noted for ain unique disease
that affects horse_ and mules during the
summer. Locally it is known as "leech- T
iug." but it is new to pathology, and, as
far as I can find out, unknown in other Poin
Here we have dozens of lakes and
ponds. each with its >.n,'rcling piairi-.
and strips of hammock. Many ponds hTIh.-ir
are hliallow, itli the dges tli nge- with iiir
aquatii grasse; and weeds. Horses Our
turned out for the summer, wade into more
the ponds and often stand for hours eat- ore
: ing the vegetation. In some way this is i tru
S-- the ordinary apparent cause of leeching, and
though a few cases have occurred where
the horse had only the run of a small
grassy stable lot. .
Leeching begins usually upon some
part of the body that has l:ieeu sub-
merged, as a small swollen spot, enclos-
ing under-sound skin a laid hody, ir-
regular in sbape. thesize of a sm-ali short.
The swelling extends, the skin ;louLhs
centrally over the -"leech" or coral-like
hard core or centre. This "coral" grows
larger, branches out. or is multiplied in
other places in the open ulcer, a bloody
serum exudes, the sloughing continues. '>
the edges turn over and thicken, the ,
points of the "-coral" are teen on the
dark, bruised like bleeding tissue.
As the surface increases the **leeches"
or coral grow hs become very numerous
and of all sizes. They
are of a light yellow E
color, and under the .
knife cut as if full of
-lime o gdri t.- -The art .'i', d \ n
eries are closed and- Mj U
MR0_iB"6-. soon disinte-
oigtate. There is no -I m ---o
--:'puTs. rpoattempCtat re-. LEi riN'
repair. a pei-uliar, of- A,Skn; B,C.:annecni, rI,4i
ensive odor and con-
s.-taut exudation of bloody serum. If the I sharp
Sulcer be on the foot, the hoof sloughs off. iu dre
If on the leg, the circulation is checked, anji h
and gangrene sets in. with l
On the abdomen, the ulcer invades the anima
-tavity with perforation. In the head, others
.the eyes. teeth, nostrils, jaw and tongue we ar
.-are destroyed. I sanw a fatal ca.-e lasr. Hone.
week in which the entire hlowver jaw and plums,
tongue were involved. I is a mysteerious other
disease. ; If'v
Now I have noted a few facts in n- mestic
study of the trouble, yet if I am in errir the fee
-I would thank any one, especially, my there
medical brethren. if they correct me, that it
either by letter or in the columns of this dlisperi
paper. I mruear
The disease originates only in the heat many
of summer. Ponds that "leech" in July deed. I
are safe in January. h i county
Cypress ponds are safe. and it- often bill tit
thppens that a pond wil have one end I last Le
grassy, the other full of cypr-ess knep;: not pas,
the grassy end may leech, thle other will This
not. cou n tr
All grassy ponds do not leech. Fie I Brookl
quentl3 onegond may infect, the unxt, rid thi)
one will not. I vatati
''he disease is not contagnui.us The Several
colt may he leeched. thle uare nor in- ported
feared. and she will lick the open ulcer posed
without danger. or the colt may rub th Some
bloody serum over her anti not corunu- in tile
nicare the disease. Dogs, cats and and tt
chickens eat the excised tissue without (here,
barm. Men cut out the "leech" with thit v
All horses are not, alike i 'being in- army
fected. TheI exas or Cuba pony, rough antly f
haired and tough, will stand side by Stare,
with a finer grade of horses in the pond. N,:. pl
The Texas pony will escape, the Georgia The av
or Kemnucky horse will be leeclied. except
Mules rarely leech, cows still more in- taken
frequent. Hogs. sheep and goats are bly the
c.rOne attack does not prevent another, or a hie
.Cold retards the progress of the dis- the ins'
eae, and there are indications that the-.row.
.ati ice would perhaps go far toward a ,Englan
r lsi. no't a ily in-i
.rt lesion is not a bruise, or they W
.'- bren the skin. hen a
S he.-pdriod of incubation varies with ifosis,
the resistance of Lhe animal, fromsa-day 'been ef
t6id'.month in the p
--'Thie duration of the disease varies with wWhole-
its-locat.ioon.o theanimal, from a month r 1y -pa
to two.years. greedy
-. Tbe:ulcer -dds not granulate, is not v-ery pI1
painful:.' they d
S.- -'- Thedisea.' is unij rmly fatal, unless others d
a E excisedLto"Onud tiss- 'and -rhb place is the:fo
caiteizedi: It tBe "es not recur; but of the -
-... ir.t'.4 a -long'as "cle obf the "coral'" blubbir-
ma.-. ... t' in- .the i less nu
"6 Te',mcii-scdp i.,s failed to spairo'
b.ffd 5.a-.3'abnorwmw' ro -organ- probably
,, -, session
as oame t'th iifriaties of a render
e$ edla^l-ii '-i.om 6 a nce'r; some 'ften'-n
s a' p"asittdisease, -^my medicIal add trhi-
iZ y 'eed iwi iote differ ces at once. nesting
16-hzle to nme tan'lhas been for nacious
-s.- -in-~ -
- --r-i~-.t-- -- -
5, as no known theory will reconcile
acts. It is not contagious, not he-
ary, not epidemic, local, not gener-
the system of the hoise, does not
fere with digestion, appetite, gesta-
or any of the secretions. There is
ver or pain. It is worthy of study,
I shall Ie glad of assistance to lo-
ts boundaries and trace its history,
CHER, July, 1887.
HE ENGLISH SPARROW.
its in its Natural History.
Poetic A associations.
BY J. WILLIS WESTLAKE.
i i r." ,-i they still were proud
S.o' r Hoiy .Writ should mentioned be.
Country is becoming more and
cosmopolitan every day; and this
e of all civilized nations. Railroads
elegraphs are doing away with the
_.\\ --iD .E
comes out victor on account of hisi
greater size and strength.
But since we have no sparrows inFlor-
ida, this discussion may 'seem inappro-
priate, or at least premature. What I
had in mind when I set out was to re-
late an incident which elucidates a line
of Shakspeare's. When on my way
from Edinburg to Glasgow, to view the
romantic scenery of the Scottish lakes,
I stayed over night at Stirling, and in the
morning before breakfast, visited the
fine old Stirling Castle that holds such
an important place in history and ro-
mance. As I was leaving the grounds I
saw a man who was catching sparrows,
and I stopped to inquire hMow he did it.
He bad some small sticks about a foot
long, which were covered with a sticky
substance known as birdlime. TI ese he
laid on the hedge, and -when the spar-
rows alighted on them they were unable
to get away, and were caught and
bagged. This recalled and explained a
well known line in the King's famous
soliloquy in 1-arumlet:
-'0 1i,: -14 .:.rii, I-h.t itr, ..-:ing ,, be free,
Ar' i e s"-;ga;eil! HRrl I.i --ls! make assay;
B .-1, riii.L..:,I rin c, iii I t.irl, with strings of
B-: i.r -' a.s .:.r t r i. V L,, .--ji !
S11.iqi)- i-, -ri."-HIjilnunr, i : i
What a viridnes, this incident gave
to the metaphor! Shakspeare had otten
witnessed the same thing; had of'en.
doubtless, caught birds that way him-
se'f when a boy. in the hedges of Strat-
ford; and the Kiug's soul, struggling to
free itself from the things that hauipered
-'My la|ueiu, ny owDn rimblir..u, r,nd my -E i-:.,n',
iz n i llv on i nr it ihi r-l~ c
tural College.-It first appeared here
about four years ago, and is increasing.
It is not protected by law, nor is it
housed or fed.
August 19, 1886.
Tampa, Hillsborough county--W. H.
Dall.-I was detained for some days in
Tampa last March, and found the En-
glish sparrow quite abundant there in
WASHINGTON, D. C., May, 1887.
BRADFORD COUNTY GROVES.
Old-Fashioned Ideas Applied to
BY S. POWERS.
There is a false glamour and romance
connected with orange growing, which
has been of incalculable injury to 'lie
business. The immigrant from the North.
generally a retired business man, who
exercised practical common sense in his
vocation, comes heic with visionualy
schemes and exaggerated notions.of the
picturesque aspects of orange growing,
and be scorns even the help of a cow, to
say nothing of a herd of cattle. -
One-idead farming is seldom success-
ful. Atone time California ran wild
over wheat. Then it was grapes, and
next it wars oranges Ranu bes were
recklessly mortgaged to raike funds
wherewith to embark in one or the other
of these specialties When I was in
that State twelve years ago, it wasworse
burdened with mortgages than any
other of my acquaintance in the Union.
But an intelligent friend writes me that
1., 00 bearing trees, the fluit on wliict
at the present time is estimated to be
Hon. John B. Carson has.a number o6
large orange trees about his house. Holds
that when settlers ccme here they should
purchase cattle to .'iild up their farms
and groves, instead of commercial fer-
tilizers. Cattle will grow into greater
value, whereas the commercial fertilizer
is frequently a loss;
Mr. J. W. Sutton has a grove of 22(
bearing trees,-and keeps fifty head 0o
SMr. B. Hayneshas a grove,and invite'
comparison-of it with other gloves of the
State. Supported on home-made feitil-
Mr. M'. C. Beasley tliiukls that the
grnvesu.f this section will compare favor
ably with those ,of the South. Indeed,
the tlo-s are generally larger. Most
farmers heLre have fro u twenty five t.'
si-e,nty five cattle to fui nish fertiizer
for tIheir farms and groves.
Mleesis. Eli and Frank Hicks hate
farmi'sand goo,,i oi ange gio:re, and never
bought a dollar's worth of commercial
Mr. Alex. Dyal has 800 bearing tiees.
to .upiport which and his farm, he has
1::5 head of cattle. Would not sell his
present crop of oranges for -less that
Mr. David Jones has about 50i)0 bearing
trees. Uses only manure and- cotton
seed. Expects to sell his oranges this
year for about 5. .. '
Uncle Ton Sin)ms i c.ilored i has eighty-
nine acres of land. 21i0 trees in bIaring,
and fifty or sixtv head of nc.ttle.. .
l- .A s Ua a itu r i 'llcoUpait.iJ iu 'tU st linig diversified farming and fruit growing Mr. Levi Johns has one of the Umos
wa. to a bird heid fast by birllime. are rapidly extinguishing that burden. beautiful groves in the Han pton dis-
Andvhat a condensed figure it is !- Every intelligent reader knows how the trit. Uses commercial manure.
single Swi.rd, 'limatd. is ies Shak. one-idea, one-crop cotton planter groans Thes gentlemen were either born in
Do spenre's wav. He makes all naturetrib a aud sweats under tho Shyvlock exactions the ae rename here before orange
f i .., uty to is genius, and draws meta- of the cotton factor the t or came e be e ora
.'r o-rs ftour the uot familiar things t h ctrlascint fertilizi'-out growing, became tile subject of a boom;
J. uo familiar ,hence, ther planted 'groves as a ,-clonl'-
,i th p i r o-aound -him, fusing them 1n_, .. tIthe sa, e,i-otot' .:he baine. out- of-- the y cr:p aispliei Ito them onlordi
N. crucible of his genius, and molding rcar. ,th.sceaselesspouring of potash, nar'y cf, a'matnurea They are still only
r them in a single shining word to he riCh nhos h xand n c nni a a neTe
b o o m utile w.ll forever ,. m eas us a n luccen i an adjuiT ct of Elie fa tr their ow n
Why was the mal at Stirliug catch n~ to a t fro aicl nothing es seaki of and regard their fruit crop,
.- iN T.i naGs Tie sp'anrows? For food. The a conia tn osort at least nothing frur len or as 'so much extra" though this exir-a "
S E-. t l ll For fco t]r-- 1'e. e1 E m ate eaten fifteen 'ears- his it is which, sucks dry income is not ifrquetl gater tan
,i-; l'. ilao_,; D, im...,-u,, E, "Lien,." In Eugland, Iam told, just as we eat the lare'-st purse and hnihgs bankruptcy, Lthe main revenue from the farui. True,
reed birds, and I don't -see ahy they Brad roll county ccupei es a happily thie is not te iget form of orange
distinctions that formerly existed shoidd not be equally good. for they t, te pri t .t the .a- iwinot t I et
an inte 'm e iate position I-i. twpen th eaagr gl o w ing,-buvno T b riod ei. s U o sufb it thti r
s customs and manner of life. are plunipand far. and teitir food Ni the ct lturalsvstens of AVest Florida anid it is the sarest and broadest ba ; for a
ringing the people into harmony same as th'at ,:i our d-mestic fowls. In tha oragfie growing of South Flori r. Sie e Instead of borrowing motey on
ine another. We horrow freely "of thi- way. pet ha.p,, their too rapid propa. cs nt erefore, is able to andl p !,edgdorntgi o gr tve. thans mubenlen'
I;, grains fruits, powers, eItc.,and gatio,,n ay be checked and their useful- does co bine these syem, and with a money at d nte per cent. tereendst.
b-i lnat from us. Here in Fiorida ne-s he reouiugnzeda. measFasurefh1 5iccess which is ese derving of They set a generous table, theirown
e great orro es-witnes our LAE HELEN Fila. Juh 15 l'. "imratio The steer lends his humble farmsafutnisah thet breadTan meat .Wand
and Peen-r.:, preaches, Japana istanT to tire orange grower, and their oranges pay for the luxuries. Their
1 .Japn peisimtmons anml many The English Sparrow in Florida. that ass'.tance is appreciated. Tb,, he. families of chMldreu n umber from four to
pr,.dructs. pie" |an i Mr. Wesilake suggests tOlat his corn- shbav otgh .cabbage-headed seed- sixteen and their octor bills average
e except canaries, prigecns and do- manrlicatiou is premature, as regards the ling6s ofhis secdiou, it is true, will not from $2 tot6 a year. "
to lwis wt hve imhne piOted less Bof l pren e o the Eniish sparrow in Flor- compare favorably with thie plmed and bLAWTE. Bradford Cou, nty.
atheredtri.ibethan any otle. RBut ida. Th i tit I is no-gis shown by the fol- scruib.t inand open-topped treei:s of the "
is one imp-ortation of that kind lowing communication from the Depart- south, bl t they have tlie root of the mat- .
Seniormonu, fecundity and rapid n,ent of Agriculture. The numerous ter in tifm-t'ihe\ beat oranges. The Tamarind.
Eion rnikes up for all ,ieliuencies. complaints in tihe New Orleans apeis. Mi-. T... M[offitt, now living iu Foit The tamarind liee, of which our illus-
n the English spatrow, which by, oft tile spari os' depredatioans in and Scoit, Kansas, informed me tliat three tratiou represents a brancblet and pod
is regaidled as a p(st. Some, in- around that city, led us to s.ispet that years ago he visited a grove uf one acre much reduced in ize, is one of the most
hav.7 advocated tlen offering of a lile lild must also have reached Florida. iownr s's name forgotten i uear Palatka interesting of the niary sub-tropical
y for its deirciti .n. I think a Theref.,re we addressed a letter of in- which neyer receives rny cultivation. A trees fouud in the gardens of Key West.
that effect wa introduced into thl, quniry to ihe orri hologist of the Depart- few head ,of cattle are turned into it It is a massive, widei- branching tree.
egiilature of New York, but"was noint of Agricuture. wulho promptly re- eveiy miglt, and their droppings and with foliage of extreme delicacy-like
ssed. spionded, butt hi, letter las been allowed urine fertilize the ground sufifciertly. that of an acacia. The delicate flowers
L.ird i ws imported uint this to lie for s,..me weeks. We wou'd ,lih e tc The owner lad already sold tite t yesa' are succeeded by a profusion of fruit,
y in SM'b' Iv aco mittee Pof tl. tle attention of our readers especiallto $1,300 wrthof fruitfrom tliesingleacr. hic appears like russet colored bea
yn Natural Hisr: ry -society to Mr. M[ aoliimau's request for further in. and had-not finished picking. The tres pods, hanging iu clusters fiom the
it t the insct p-foman. ie tweuty-five or tiiirry years. old. antd branchlies. As to the nattiral history of
ing the tie- in thie public pirk-s. U. $ DEP rrEgrT OF AoRi-ruLTrenc laTru en'orghr to withstand the cattle this noted tiee and the uses of its fruit,
I m-them species oft lids aeie mm- \ts ~fN oTr)N. D... Jne 3. No ttiou whatever is given to it ex- e ill quote timom Prof. Whittier's
at the ii.time, but thall are tusup. go bri u u. cli itenioepit tokdistribute tid e droppings o.,ca- Gardeniug in Florida.
to haire ,Jid excr-plt tohe skylailk, eto, F..., o fa, ,, ,t.o, imonally'. The talniamrind i5 a large leguminous
f the latter seemro lare survived D R iR: I enclo- sIet giving you A stem so careless as thi, is scarcely teeixt. t- eighty feet high, anin-
neighblorlhood of Flatbush.a' I., the poni os in FIurnba it which we silp to be coftrendied for general adoption. c" e tye" hig, and in
heir descendlants are often seen pose the Euglish splairow to be present. t is mentioined merely to draw a suc-
lut theoy hve noat spread bhrn 'd Theie His U.- doubt whateve-r with regard cesfnl instance of the most primitive oe
ridnity. Biutt the sparr'w soon t .)its presence at Tamnip. and probably forni of the partnership above ref-rred a
liucd himself into an invading little w oith regard to Lake City. We are to -
and marched ior flew triumph- not acquainted withe til:correspoudents Coloe l Shipman and Mr. J. '. C.
rony ,Iii to city and from State to at the other points mentioned,, and can. .Pete'i-sfof this colony, are notable ilin- lffito e
until now he can almost say, not vouch for r tie reports. but theie is stauceftf successful grove owa neis wr-c.
;.no b,. m,- tr-a tu',:is ,t,i,r powerr nre, oeisod wity itt should not occur atany entlov'Wcommercial feontlizer., Bo f
dh.,V, it,-lr,,rl eonti.uenti aa fhl.," tlies. "- .- of them uianure titH irtiees enti oely wi th -o
Florida. I believe he has not yet It *abuudarnt throughout the entire manure composted il the barnyard, in s i
possession of this State. Prob-a- northern half of Alabama, and the larger large quantities, from thedlroppiners of
climate does nousumt him. :a part of South Carplina and Georgia and cattle, horses anid hogs, bedded in the "
their his coming would be a curse its immediate presence in much of Flor- stable with pine straw and wire-gras
?ssing is a question. Some deny 'da may be co fidenty expected. hay. To this mass is added. from time -u
e,-tivorous character of the spar- We vety -much desire further mtor- to 'ime, whole cotton seed. a TO Ealaoie.
Mr. Pike, who bought the birds in maton with regard to the presence of True, their trees are young-yet and TETARIn.,
id. maintains th they are greed- thIs bird in Florida and you could do us have borne but little, but theyr give digenous to many parts of Africa and
ectiv.rous. .When they are young good service tby callingattention in your nmisthakable indications, by 'ih-eitlfh, India. It has 'ong been naturahizei in
ubsist entirely on insects, but paper to thi., act.: A bulletin on tihe daik f.Rliage and rapid growtlohat fhe tropical America, and is very common n
adults .hey are ikeour common Englishspatrowis course of prepare pamtne.ship is satisfactory to'bhem. Key West-growing in the streets a
Emniverous qh mto have tion anda copy will be sent you a.sson tromniis six-acre grove, now just prac- b.ade tree-aud other portio.6f south-
Yectrve in-deit-royinglae'worms as published. Respectfully -- ticall beginning to bear,-SColonel Ship- ern Florida. .-
parks, and they probably, on the r.. -RT lRRi,. man s sold onetar $450, and another Botanists assign but one speciesito the
do more good than harm. F'or Ornithologist. about1l,000 worth"-f fruit. inus. and in this country therb'e s-, onlv
rt I don t like them. They are ... .. With the exceplio of these two gen- ('e variety I can hear of,. b there
saucy, pugnacious, songless ard These notes all refe. to te English tlemen, the Northein setleris in thiscol- are three mentioned a -- in-g to
ain. It is claimed by some that sparrow, e., the European ho",ue ony have reIsorte ipally to coff- Indi, viz: the sour "uit he sweet,
rive away our song birds, butj sparro.w: mercial fertilizeH eir groves, of or swec-tih fruiteda.ffd,'the red fruited.
deny it. I am inclined to take Cerro.Gordo, Holmis county-N. B. which; within a of three miles, While the use of all "'1-confined to pre-
merview. I hae noticed in some O'Danoho.-Tlhe sparrow is here, is not threm are aboit b doces planted. But serving, thelast nentioned,'whose pulp
ohern groves that Ie .wrens, abunda notj artificially A sed and in the southern 'part of the county, is of a tare color, is much preferred for
ds, catbirds and rothashave'-been fed,.rfd.not prptt.red by.lavJa'. ; -- chiefly abirt Hampton, there is a prom- the purpose.
imerous snce the dvaet-of the Oct2. 1886. .eo-m-
.merous nc erly t he ao""aeao Cr sce nt Ciy ---.--' -, ing o_0. .growing section, which, to- The leaves are compog with ten to
s than formerly. The reason Crescent City, Putna nnt- -geh'er Starke,shipped last year twenty pair of-smal lg leaflets,
,Iy, Js that thesparrows take pos ney L. Berildiain.-It appeared he e'T1aboutI tr' ar-loads fruit. Their which formni a-dendft 4 ae flowers
of i he nests of- other birds, and time ago; is abundant ho'.h leadia I.we aounud a'iton are of are bornae'p ''-re.iragiatt.
bird food less -abundant.- I have crease; not protected by- 6 IrtI- Southeilbitlh, and he.' have almost i They aI- L' hr 4-'-,but.sdcn turn
iticed tlhdcnt.estsof thesparrow ficiall'y housed handed. ." universally eTpiloy;s.attle manure and 'yellow..r. ,ple-- D fa' -tamen.I
a wrens for the possession of: a Oct.. 5, 1886. -' .- cottons ed in bringing up their groves. "The fruit is a legume cfiif'ihree to
box." Both ar-e plucky and pug -' Lak6 City Columbia county-Prof:;A. Of tled65 wvil mention a few briefly: six inches long, straight orourved, thick,
, but in -ost .case Ithe spdurow- Q. Holladay, Preidenrt State Agricul- Mr. H. Rive-rs has a grove of about, with a hard, brittle exterior shell. Thbe
...... ... -.
--- 7 -'.'
S.. :: "- -C -e5 5>
pods are indehiscent-do not break open
when ripe. The seeds, ranging in num-
ber from four to twelve, are each sur-
rounded by a tough, papery membrane,
outside it which. and between it and
the shell, is a fine. juicN, veiy acid pulp.
at least in the common kind. traversed
by strong woody fibres, which start from
the fruit stalks and run thioub. thbrow-
ing off branches. to the opposite end of
"The common tamarind is prepared for
market by di-.t selecting truir thorough-
ly r pe, which may be known hy the
increa-ed brittleness of the sLell. The
shells aie removed, they are packed in a
cask and boilhug sytiup is poured over
them until thoe cak is inll After be-
coming cool the,'cask is litadsid up. and
is theu ready for shipment. This is the
corr-mrin m:,tlhod practiced in the West
Indies. But a more desirable plan is to
pack the fruit, freed from the shells.
with alternate layers of sugar, in stone
'Fruit put up according to the last
me hod is mostly done for private use,
and rarely found for sale. A drink is
prepared I.'y pouring boiling water over
the shelled fruit, which is esteemed in
tropical countries as a wholesome re-
frigerant, used in fevers. It also pos-
sesses a laxative property. By boiling
the preserved fruit with a small quantity
of water and straining, the pulp is ob-
tained pure, and is used in that form as
an article of food. The tamarind is
raised easily from seed,"
How to Have Plums.
t To.haveplums one must adopt meas-
urs to efeat the curcuio. The Kelsey
plum may be an exception to the rule,
but it. is not safe to rely on its natural
exemption. The fojlownmg experiences,
which wve find in the Rural World,
should lbe remembered and patterned.
after: .- "
A correspondent of the IndianaTarm;-.
er says that in conversing with fruit
men he finds that the best success with
plunis ba, heen in yards where pigs and
poultry are confined, and where the
ground is kept haid and baie. and all
insec's and defective fruit that drops are
One man said that his plums set full
every year, but the curculio took about
all of them. One spring a large lot of
frozen turnips were scattered in among
the trees, and for a few years no curcu-
lio touched his plums. The ground was,
too strong of turuips for them.
Another man said his plum orchard in
Illinois set full each year, but curculio,
took all. He told his wife lie would cut
all down and use it fora hog yard: his
wife said no, fence it in and put in the
pigs. He did so, and ever aftor had a
good crop of fine plums.
Onue man in Iowa bought a large lot
of fine plum trees called Spanish King..
He set them in his poultry lot, and in.-
due time they commenced bearing and.
every yearborea good crop of large, fine-
plums. His neighbors'4hought it all due
to the hardy variety, and lie sold all the
cions every year at a big price.
Equal parts air slaked lime and.ashes,.
with a little soot and sulphur mixed and,
scattered over the ground, just as the '.
fruit begins to form, is a good prevent- '
iv? as well as a good fertil-zer..
Preserving Fruit for Exhibition-.
Frank Olmstead. of Montcalm county,
Michigsn, gave the Orchard and Garden
the following recipe : Make as strong a
solution of rock salt in water as can be
made, put in a small quantity of alum
and borax, and when all is dissolved
strain through a clean clolb. Now put;
your fruit in bottles or jars, pour on the
solution and coik tight. Keep from
frost. If specks 9f dirt can be seen, or
it gets roiHy when handled, you can open-
the bottle, rinse the fruit in clear water
and pour on'a new solution. In this.
way'you can preserve most anything
perfectly for many years.-Ex.
A Blood.Navel Orange. -
We were handed an orange this week
by Mr. A. Wilkins, grown on the placer
of D. Houser, which is something new
under the sun. The tree upon which?
this orange grew, was planted as',a
Washington Navel, pure and .simple.
The fruit has the peculiar maijof the
Navel, but upon being cut, it rere sets.
in unmistakable coloring, the ti'
Blood. What will be an appropriate .
name for this hybrid orange? isbth'qei'B-
tion now before ibis people.- The fruia
is as'fine as any whbave ever.-sampled..
-Q-ladetone Exponent. "
A Remedy for Plant Poisoning.
Many persons suffer intensely by-poison
from the Sumac, 'oison ivy-oak, e.t'...,"
may be well to now that. .a sli.e-.o-
bread dipped in .water.. coveree'd lVith. .,
powered sal soda, anil applied ag a'p6ul-
tide, will give immediate'.relai 'ef. '* -
-Pearl.millet-ten ,feet highJig.'t .
of in Eustli.,- i"" _. ,ai. .
-. ". =-- C -. z "" '
-4.'" "--"'- -.;
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, AUGUST 3, 1887.
z- -- 1-
L .J itelfan ney or pt
o rrha~dan f a-f den o"f %,Srpnhuesn,which pl~
r n 'a? d of the undeveloped hrbT
larvm feed, To thi
ORANGE CULTURE ABROAD. the same author a
-- pearance of this pe
X.-The Insect Enemies of the of the Mediterranea
Orange in Europe. tacked by the cochi:
In the numerous consular reports on with a solution of lii
the orange in foreign countries, we find The Florida oran
no satisfactory account of insect ene- nate in being free
mies, except in the reports of the Con- puncture the fruit.'
suls at Grao and Cadiz, Spain. In this as well as in Europe
particular their reports are much alike, insects are troubles
SWe will first quote from the report of R. the following parag
Lowenstein, Consul at Grao: the Consul at La Pa
"Othiorhynchus mneridionalis.-Thia de-- "The only injurio
yours the leaves and tender shoots of the bug about an inch h
orange tree, and is a species of beetle, only when it rAins.
The young insect is sufficiently percep- them turns yellow e
tiblo, being about a centimeter long, of bugs generally mal
reddish black color and with grooves on about the time when
the elytron. During the daytime it hides market, the simple
itself in the earth, where it should be the crop. The Spani
hunted and destroyed, and at night it is 'chinche.' A ki
climbs-the trunks, crawling up to the ex- does also a good d(
treme height, of the trees in search of the fruit ripens. A
the young leaves and tender shoots used.for them."
which it devours. -
'Aphis auranti.-A kind of small vine: PEACH YELLOW
grub of green color varied by black, andw -
with long feelers, and small green horns Diseases to bi
black at their points. It is geneally Guarded
seen in the orange trees in the month o'"f u e
September, and when the trees corn- .BY J. 'G.
mence to bud it usually fixes at the ex- The introduction
tremities of the young shoots a quantity Japan plums and y
of black puceron which occasions a vast has produced almost
deal of damage to them, inasmuch as by as orange raising ha
Season of rendering them useless, their be perfectly justifial
growth is greatly retarded. -By apply- if its culture related
ing sulphur to the shoots with great tion of so much frui
promptness, the evil is soon and perfect- manded in a green
ly overcome. the improvement i
S.. "Ohermes hesperidum.-This gall in- might be produced l
sect, called by gardeners the louse of tion and rearing of
the orange tree, is not confined to the the manner some
same, being also found on other trees, working, there is c
such as the laurel, myrtle. pomegranate. duction of diseases
and others. It is fouuid in the shape of yellows, so destructi
an oval body, nearly hemispherical, of in the Northern Stat
brown color, somewhat lucent. It pre- In former years
fers the under part of the leaves, but is were growing in n
frequently found on top of them in a and orchardof Mass
line along the centre nerve or stalk, be- cut and New Yqrk
ing met in greater number on the young crops of fruit. So, i
branches, and when numerous they oc- the wake of emigre
casion the loss of a large quantity of sap, Pennsylvania, Ohio
w. which exhausts the r'ees already lan- noisi'Michigan andV
: guid from any other cause. Fumiga- Ontario, were famoi
-tions of sulphur or tobacco are not at all chards.-But to-day,
Sefficacious with these insects: the only allowances for the .
true means for diminishing the cuantit'v the borers and c
of kermes consists in simply i:leaning changes in climatic
the plants with a bru-h or'horse ha rir 'gaway the timb-er
glove, for once that the in ects are & pa- fatal diawI.,ack to p,
rated flom the branches or leaves, they regions, in the y
do not climb upagaiu, and h,:,rtlv die. In which destroy t he i r
the orchards carelessly cultivated, as also fairly reached their
-the spots having but little ventilation in The vast markets
which the orange trees are thickly ton and Philadelpi
planted and where the sun scar,'elh pei- years supplied from
etrate., is where this inse-.t is prin:' ipailv odf New Jerce.y, Lot
found. uect;cut, but now
'- -'"Cfi.''e.' oor..-This-insect, altho-,u-h peach tree .is a thick
Sore natural to the olive -Triee. is al-jo N:'\v .Jer-eyv is fail
found attaenin-. 7 _e .-wra'ke tree. Th.- wake.- The land is -:
small shell of the female is semi-' iob,,se with ,is.ea-e .viici
and of a grayii.h t-rowtn, nimore or less tihe lemsand.l branr,,
dark in color. Thesuperliceu is markb-d mindi of the be.:t ob
with two.thick transverse corrugations, clusive proof that thi
which make it seem rough. tree strongly con,:,ntg
"'Chitei ins- aailia is big, oval, very fierce upon the thick
long, rind of a blackish brown clour. and onl3 eradicated
''C],icr'me.s coc,'-n: .s.-.-Timis is'-ailed the eradicate the pleuL
red kerinues, its body being round and of cattle, by destroying
a bright red color. It has two lon, conitagiouis chaiac(tei
feelers, veT-y moable, anr.j six white feet. i's sprea.ling from
This gall insect lives on t,-pof the leaves atmosphere, f.omL t
where it deposits tr.,:m ten[ to fifteen :lise-aedJ tree has grt
eggs, producing a corresponding num- cutting a- he.ilth\ tre,
hbr of youuig insects of pearly white has cut a diseased. tr
Color, which in-ets, on growing to the The coritagiqusue
length of half a millimeter, turn re.j. among peach trees is
The existence of this iuse.:-t is indicated as is that of yellow
by the appearance on the under part of among men. TheE
the leaves of the orange ties of .ome igaitst. wittl the n
y3-el!:, ovi and concave :,pot-3, in which g.,vernmeLit, and y
concavltie- they are found, amld, should o-pen- tOn tmhe it'rodd,
they be allowel to-spread niucb, the tree tlce destroyer in th
greatly suffers fro,-m los ,: f sap." can hear from rhse
We will n.w quote from ihe report ot lichi-an and oth,
Ernest L. Oppenheiu. Cot-sul at a-diz: N..-rthwest, .that th
''"N'traifs Hi.-),..,:ifi.commonly called I cir riied to, them frIom
mnoi.sca ',! r inijo 4Aigli.v, fyv of the ,or- Est, and -as so ini
ange tree. This fly depo-its its larvap in and trees. as to. have
the pulp of the frutit, which i- thereby unprofitble, iut n .
prevented from *dlevel.opilng. au.l goner- gether. All itndiCal
ally drops trot the ti-rpe in an immature fact that al tim tti:-,
state. The full grown insect is ahout a well in the nuiseries
half centimeter in length: it is black in affected, andl it will
.color, having, however, yellowish -white ,ped in them, as wil
spots and str'ia:; its wing's .re transpar- tion in the humau I:b
entand crossed transvetrseLivy by four vel- If these positions
low and black bands: theabdomen is pe- is prepared to say th.
dwaculated an I spherical at the poste- .Plain duty of every
rior enr1. The female is provided with a dlude such stocks fro
"borer.' wvith which it pierces the rind fuse to deal in themI
of the fruit iu order to deposit its ova is e-qually the -duty
therein; the laiv& feed upon the pulp, would plant a peachl
.and cause the fruit to fall off aud decay, form himself fnrom
The orange growercan only protect him- came, but to resolu
Self against this insect by gre-it watch- chase one that is sus
fulness in at once removing all thie at-. pests that have be.
tuckedl fruit, and trhereby preventing the-orange groves of
excessive propagation of the pest. countries ought to b
The cochineal bug tCocecis ci, t.- o fruit growers, to
,This insect is of a lengthened oval shape, pests, and no amount
with convex back and somewhat be omitted to keep o
rounded abdomen: its color vr'ies fiom fruits. 'The.yellows
an ashy grey to a pale yellow, arid at p'letS.
:certain times it is covered with a white, 7--.
-fluffy dust; it has peculiar prolongations Overhang'1
..or processes on the sides, and the poste- Thequeston often i
.nor extremities are longer thantbhe oth- fruit ofthe tree stan
ers. The male differs from the female dary lih?'between tw
n-m hav ng two large .transparent wings.- genetr ,uly$.pposed t
..The female secreres-a' whitish, cottony limbs overhanging oe
...'do^wu, wherein yellowiah eggs. varying hium],bit.s'is an e
- a.nuimber from 150 tot400, are deposited, tree sta. ,-mollv
nWhen-the larvae are liberated they at- though so of the r
: Ytach:-themEselves to the tenderest buds soil of vour neigh'bc
andshootsi.. There4oes not seem to be port and. noarishmen
-a fixed season for the liberation of the has no right to any i
larva?, further lban that the hatching bangs over the line,
_,process is most abundant during periods by force to prevent
o---"f high temperature. The damage he is liablej.or an am
.caused b..y this insect is'noticed more If, howevei:a -,uit I
--especialby by the great loss of fruit, in the divi'i~di-.a.
.amounting in some canes to.haltor even a "line tree,- hot tl
..two.thirds of'the usualharvesn. In the and fruit in common
'French departhmentsciQtthe Var and AJpes cut down the tree.or
-Maritimes, a.well as in .Metone, this without being respond
-.p,-ent, has been e.especiaLl se.vere. A Sometimes persons
.French.entomologist, M. de Ia Blanchere, son or secretly kill a
haa ,observed-that- his cochineal bug has some kind, which sta
r^ -:':-;"* :.* -. - -. -
)arasite in a specie
)laces its larvme near
igs, upon which th
as valuable auxiliar
attributes the disap
ast from certain parts
an coast. De Breui
ding the trees at
neal bug and larva
ge grower is fortu
from insects which]
In lower California
e, it appears that such
some, judging front
raph in the report o
Z: : "
us insect is a kind o
lng, but this appear
The fruit Stuna, by
and drops. A._ thesis
ke- their appearance
n the fruit, is fit fo
remedy is to collec
ish name for the bug
nd of woodpecke:
eal of damage when
A good shot gun ii
VS AND BLIGHT
e Dreaded anc
of the China anc
peaches into Floiida
t as much of a craze
s been. This wonulc
ble and very proper
only to the produce
Lt as the markets de
or dried state, or to
of the sorts, whici
by careful hybridiza
seedlings, but from
of our people are
langer of the intro
like the .blight and
ive to peach culture
peaches and plums
early every garden
, bearing la.undani
;oo, they followed in
nation, and Northern
, Indiana and Illi
Wisconsin, and ever
ms for their peach or-
.after we have made
lestructihe works of
urculiiois, and the
conditions by clear-
r, we find a far more
each culture in those
allows and blight,
Ses before tlhey have
of New York, Bos-
hia were for many
the peach orchards
ig t-Iland and Con-
in the two last the
ig of the past, and
t foll'..wjg in the
.mitteu and poiuonedl
Sattacks theI ro-ot.
e-.audn, i kills. In hie
elcrV)es, there is con
is i; a disease of the
ious, raging e.quallyi
i and the rich oils
, as it i.; proposed to
and burning. The
r hais been proved by
tree to tree. in tht
he soil in which a
brown. and even b
-e with a knife tha
-ss of thie yellows
Sas fullVy esta-blished
fever andl cholera
_e are quarantined
hloile power of (be
et the door is left
action of this peach
is State. Any one
growing ipeaci.-es in
er ri-gions of libs
e disease lhas been
the Liurseri. ,:,f the
,c'ted their ground,
rendered leir trees
Jistroye,'l them alto.
tiorns point to bhe
*s in New J-eriev. as
as the orchards, are
as surely be devel-
l inlierernt ccisurmp.
are tine-and who
-y are not?-it is the
uurserymau to ex:-
,m his ground, to re-
in any shape; and it
of every one who
tree, not onis to in-
whence the stock
tely refuse to pur-
pected. The insect
en introduced into
Florida from other
e sufficient warning
inspine tear of other
t of caution should
ut.new pests to our
and blight are such
ing Trees. _
irises who owus, the
d;ng near the boun-
o proprietors. It .is
.hat the fruit on the
one's land belongs t,
entire mistake. Ilf*
on your land. al-
ootses'xend into the
r, and derive sup
it from his soil, he
of the fruit which
and if. he attempts
you from picking it
assault and battery.
tree stands directly
.nd is what is called
r.tiesqn the tree
--=i. -t-.;a_ tther can
sible to the other.
are tempted to poi-
neighboi's tree of
nds near thetence
s and casts a baneful shade on their gar- the stem of the tree to cover the rootlets enterprise that must address itself to ev-
r den plot, but this is dangerous business. forming at the ends of the old roots, it ery searcher after information."
e The safer way in such cases is to cut off does not do very much good. We often Mr J V Dansby, of Pensacola, ex-
y the limbs which hang over your side, or see trees having a thick covering of .esse himself s --Th F-
. I. pr-esseshimself asifollows: : V'l'eP.yP.MER
dig down and cut off the roots, which mulch placed close around tme stem of AND FRUIT-GROWER is the best thing in
s undoubtedly you have a legal right to the tree, doing little, if any good, as the its way I have seen. It is just thepaei
1 do, but it would not be safe to use the roots requiring to be benefited have ex- neded. and if ou keep it Up to.ttelie----
t7 limbsfor firewood, or otherwise convert tended several feet beyond where the Pnt Etan.rircdf i.. ,lenoe must become.
e them to your own use, lest you have to mulch is spread. F Iplar with the p,,ople. -c
pay their value, more or less.-Bennett's Mulching may not only be a check -'here you ha.e left: any ro.om for im-s
- Farm Law. -upon the evaporation of moisture from provemnent."
h ^.. the soil, but also an aid in supplying r m.. M- ., th dis
How BROOM CORN. food for newly set trees by using some iul"- nrlil t eehan. r he ditil gbed
.. ho i, l~t c IIitlristandn );) r i)i.[ l tc f tle Get-
--- material containing a supply of plant D"ntWU-..rei.es. in a letter o date
SHOW to Cultivate, Cure and food. Nothing is much better for this lIarcbt- t -. rite: "I" am very much
Mf arkMettheCro+ + p. r ,,> purpose than the rough litter from the p,'a'-wJtuhw-tieF "E am very _mch
Market the Crop. manure pile. It contains considerable p,.ea n wit. t le F ditaER eul FRIyT-
f The following directions for the man- of the elements which are necessary to -h;i-., *. and all cad .i t reguolarly.
a agement of broom corn are contributed build up plant life, and every shower ,.v. now a high compliment
y to the Farmer's Home Journal by J. S. carries into the soil these elementsin a Itor an ed,to" to pay to an exchange-."
a Cooley, of Nashville, Tenn.: condition suitable at once for the plant's Mli'. L. H. Armstrong. of St. Nicholas.,
e Many inquiries having been made as requirements-. Dural[ c.inty., writ im under date ,f
r to the cultivation of broom corn, man- Any coarse material, however, may be AlIrIl 2't,11 : "THE FL,)RI,. FARMER aND
t ner of handling, preparing for market, used as a mulch, and rath.ier than allow Friu lGRW.-,ER ha.; far sui-rpaEsed expec-
g etc., the following is given as the meth- the. trees to suffer, u.e sawdlust ifnoth- tati:,ns.. It sheds light on many obscure
r ods of some of our most successful ingelsecan be had.l ah..u--lih I am al-- la'-e in the book il A Floida' s p,,ibii-
i growers: ways averse to putting unde,'ayeti a ;'-ties in fruir, forage, live ,tock and in the
s To prepare the land, plow andbreak it dust upon any kind oif s -ii. especially development ot her vast store ot hidden-
thoroughly, harrow and roll well-the soils of a sour nature,-where the drainag'e reone.'
ground should be smooth and level, is imperfect, as it is apt toL make the soil Mr. Irving Keck, of-the Bowling Green
same as for grass seeds. Lay off the more inert, and raise a crop of fungus. Land and Impriovement Company,
rows, say three feet six inches apart in o writes under date of May *, : "We
rich lands, and four feet whensoil is not The Qualified Market Gardener. think THE FARMER AND FRlI-TO.GROWER.
so strong, using what is called a marker the best to be had for farmers in Flor-
made for the business; three rows can'be No one need expect to succeed in mar- ida. We always get new ideas from it, "
made at a time, and they should not be ket gardening who has not a keen in'er- Mr. E. IV. Aisden. of Ormond-oh-the-
I more than one to one and a half inches est in the study, as well as the .practice Ha i.t. wiit.'sasfollows: "I amtak-
deep for planting. Follow with a Hoo- of the profession, or rather the trade, ir tetn papers on agricultural subjects,
sier drill, with seed attachment, using for it is more than a business or employ- and' if a oked to surrender tihe FRtsER
the small hole for dropping. Thie seed ment. It is something morethan a dull AND FpUIT Gm -WER. Lwoubi tell them
should be dropped, say about sixteen round of cares mu-tlh.odicalv regular and toi-ke the other nine, but leave me
. inches apart, and if this is done with governed by the calendar. A methodlof Ma e ni et eave n me
_ something like uniformity there will be plowing, manuring, drilling, hoeing, that. cay peab e a plenty and years
Ig Of gracembe- given: you toi`continue h
Sno necessity for thinning out and much harvesting and marketing can be easily -A .,,work.".- "
Time and labor saved. The seed must be learned and .blindly followed, but a gar- wr"
thoroughly cleaned and this should not dener, to succeed, inii.t be iu earnest. Reyv. T. W. Moore. of Marion county,
a be overlooked. A gardener is not an annual, he is a writes: "I believe your paper will do'a
SOur best planters use about one bushel hardy perennial, or should be. Takingi good work in dissemirnaring new ideas in
to fifteen acres. Western farmers plant root in the soil, he should not expect all regard to fruit raising, farming, stock
Sone bushel to ten ai.d twelve acres, and seasons to bring the same reward; but raising, etc."-
e grow it successfully. It can be planted make the best use of the probable sun- Mr. H. G. Daniels, of Amelia Island:
earlier, but the best season for planting shine,. rain and air. He must be a man to "Judging from what T have seen of the
Sis from the first of May to June 10. It handle pen or a plow; hemustread and FARMERAND FrutC-Gr.P:1waER, it i4 the
a is a plant that thrives bestin hot weath- study, decide rapidly and correctly, he best agricultural paper published in the
Ser, and will not grow freely until the should have courage without reckless- South. I predict immense success for it,."
t ground is thoroughly warmed. If the ness, be self-reliant and persevering, Prof. S N. Whitner, of the A gricul-
, season is favorable it should be up in must work long hours, be a man to look turalCollege cit fl.iida. writes as rol
a four to ten days, and when above the after details of the smallest kind, know lows; "I can say in all sinoei'ic-,ithai,
Ground about four inches use the walk- when to save and when to spend freely, exceededmym,.t s-anguiLeexpectaCons.
ing cultivator with small hoes attached, must forget much that he learnsand learn Already it is without peer in all the
S plowing as closely as possible. not to forget, a sponge to absorb know South."
SAfter the first or second plowing use edge and discreet in hisZ methods. M r.
Sany kind of a plow,-and cultivate same of applying or distributing it, calm Mr. Charles W. Stevens, of Orange
as Indian corn. Two plowings after this to bear failure and endure success. He oute, wrtles: "Your paper far ex-
Swill make the crop, but three or four must plan his business for the future in s od Pwork tn fills a wangtine
e will develop better results. Keen a close and not the present good.-Farm and i nts go or- ant
watch when the brush is heading out, Home. c.un tgu paeinr. hspaucfors.-goodag-u
d t lt it get to re ricultural paper. Success to you.
and.not let it get too ripe.
Cut when in full bloom, or while the Creole Onions. Mr. R. A., Ward, postmaster at Ma la-
seed are still in the dough state. Be We have received various inquiries in bar, writes: I am delighted with the
. cautious and harvest before the brush reference to Creole onion seed. FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER, and re,'-
Sturns red at the tip, as straw bright In answer,-will state for theinforma- ommendeittto all 'n, an',.unt orf its com-
Sgreen in color is mucheasiersoldand for tion of all concerned, that thi g.-nuine tete adaptation to. t .wants of tli, lat-
Sa higher price. When cutting has com- article of the present seasou;n's growth .. "O-thber aiiculrt,,ra.l paper. con-
Smenced, the brush should be hauled at may be had of anyv reputable te-duman tam only an occasional article otf intr.-
once to the thresher and threshed mime- in New Orleans.' About the mc.nti s of est to e '"armers of South Florila, wi.o
....:' :-" "care little for dairy newvs or general
Sdiately, and then spread it, thbe sun until Augut-t and September i thetimefor .are little for dairy news or general
late in the afternc.oon of the same day. s(,wing the seed to cmake set-. rmg the North, but the artiles in
It i.huhld then be caitried under shelter Tiansplanriing geuerallr b igins in No- the. F-M.ER AND FRtin-GRoWER are
Sand spiead, not tlick-ier than one and a ve-i,-r. Rows one foot" apart aud four g'oo.1 very o(,d, aud I wkh- you the sue- I
half inch., on scaff,.lAs about twelve inches Leto-een the plants. ThIere is no r.'.' .Tn deserve tor furnisi'ge Florida
-'farnieis paper that jutt 'fillsmte bill.'",
Inches apart. Caie must hi, taken no- difficulty in raising onions in Louisia. a, r at jut th bill'"
to get it wvet, nor should itue allowed to anl it is becoming one cof our most impor- Mr. C. H1. Goodricb, of Orange Park,
Srenimain out over night, as lain and dew tanit crops.-Taies-Democrat. %,rites: "I must Eay that the FaRRIER
) dantiaee it materially. -. aNi FRUiT-GR:.-ER i- deci'Jedvly the best
i Should the weather remain dry and HOW OUR PAPER IS REGARDED. ublicatin of tle kind ain tileState. I
olear, two weeks under itie shelter, with lake them all and can compare their
- occaEi,:,nal turning, will cure it sum- o meiits."
, cientiy for marketing. Wheu well A Few of Many Expressions of Prof. rI,, L. Phares, the eminent pro-
curel it can be ticd firmly into bundles Approval. tfessor of biology in the Agricultuial -'cl-
weighing from ten to fifteen pounds Mi'. W. W. Dewhurst. ofSt.Augistine, L'e ofisisi"Jpi,rayi]t"s itieeir'll
aeAch and dehn1ered to dealers i thi-t writesoi tile Fap-IRR ANDFRUIT(R.,WEL-d aaLaie pSta'eJouruo,':e"yisp[the edithtrs
way'.1 w3 on can ,e loaded with rom tder date cf Juy 1,3: "Its cbaracier is i paer are a ring o e
s1,50 to. pounds acom dingto size of grea in alvane oatr antlting eve i- fulfilling ou -. ca-
f rea ro a m arket ea put it up in bat;e- i t tcte puit e n FI'-ifa ofi at e verlass an e u pn. c W o. TL., riuti gu 'reo
fromta mfrke tcan puitun is B i Its aim is so neati what we have long relied upon for conscientiou s-r -l'-
i "eighmngifromii3)to3501 poundsJ. Broom needed that I feel it a duty togive it ail. -of ztatePeut aud scieutifc acear- A
coin has another great advantage over The famets aid other., molding the in- acy If detail.z
ot iEr products of the farm: It'f. when te tetof theSti.,teab.,ve priivatespeeu.a- Hon. J. Wino. Ewan, writing fromu
readyf f r hemrke.t- the priee it ornot tion mnstiraunzetoueontrolthe Legis- Mliam;, Dide. county. says : "(-Certainly
ltistactory tothe grower, it will keep a lIto 'e aud tilyv need a uespapet- to yo. ate .dong a goo wo',rk in establisii-
lhong as h'chooe to holdc it.. Fie to six ejduate them anid prepare to work out Ing an enhii-lihrtened and scientific systeni
hundred puncd. to theater is a gaod av-
erae yieldath:,ugh overeven hur dred the subjects fori legi-lation aud secure of agrkuicure, which heretofore has 0
pounds is obtained smet.ru with re uit actio. beeneri,,uly neglected. Y our paper is rs
ful cuitivato.,n and good land. Mr. J. R. Campheli. of Paisley, writes 1 uviti.i appearance, pure in senti-
Smo,,th. brightgreen l.rushra.elv sells to us as follows: 'Out of five papers I mu t and prot ssic e in pinciple, and
for lees than tour -cents, atnd geitrall7 taiLe, youir' is the o)nily one I read evEl'ry SlV l" ued
ranges froim four to five cents- per wcird ot'." "' Mrs. A. H. H., of Wionemistet, Fla., h
writes asA fol-oc.w: "leai new comeis
pound C',rooked is usually EollJ for half G. W. W. writes : "Thie FAYMPR AND adwritehave aou to learned ai new omeur pape k
price. FRUtl R G,:.wER I believe is destined to a. ve rc to dyour paper
is just whiat, ,we have wished for ever T
T [he seed, when properly cure.J, is as be a pover. Beiug centrally located, as iute we arrived bare wished Cosr ever
valuable.for feed ascorn orOates. In tile a medium of communication between c '.y. C.. juor-s
U(nlif States two cmc,,ps of briom cL.orn ate dulferent sections at d mtiests its worth Th .,.,taus juat "wbat evew y womaf in
Seasily made. The last crop.. biitiginga cannot be ettinated." .Flrinda ought to"aead, words o f encoiur-
-" ... =agement and cotnfort to time homesick.
faith price i3s manufactured into hearth Mr. Jolmn A. Germond, of Keuka, weery. struggling sisterhood. God
and whisk broms. writes, tiunder date of July 5, as follows: bless'H. H.' May she live to write
iu. "I consider the .F1ARMER ANt) FRUIT- 1inan words,-f cheei. Her recipes, too,
Mulching in Drought. GROWERa the tpeeur of any agicunitural are so well suited to Florida. As our
SA correspondent of the Co:unry' Gen- paper published in tLe South." resources in the country are limited
Stieman says: Mr. W. C. Plyley, of Orange Heights, they fill a large want." "
Seldom a sumnimer season passes with- writes, under date of July 2: "You can Mr. F. C. Cochrane, a bookseller and
out a drought. It may be cif ony a' few not imagine the solid comfort I get from stationer of Palatka, writes, under date a
weeks' duration, or, as sometimes Is thie the'senshible advice given in the FARMER of June 1: "'our FLORWmA FARMER AND i
Case, it may extend through moutlis. AND FRUIT-GROWER, in all matters per- FRUIT GROWER is a perfect success. It
Trees and shrubs planted in the spring tainiug to the farm, from your able is far ahead of anything of the kind in c
are at this season passing a critical p6- corps of contributors and tife logical the-State, and every one interested in It
ricid; Hte roots andi shoots have got well views of tie editor. The paper isaGod- horticultureorAgriculture should notbeic,
started, but are in a ;ucculent and tea- send to the granger who is threading without it."
der condition, an, are easily affected by the labyriinthan ways of Florida farming Cpt R E Ros p
any change arising fHornm a lack of moist- and fluit glowing." apt. osCloud, president of the Sment.
ure."Tte leaves are in a condition to Mr. P. C. Minnich. of WaldoV writes: o r ImPe e
ra p'i..ea eapra e u;)- ioi. the .... .. inc t ado rie. Co., writes from Ktssimmee, under
.ai -fed da. atnosture. t i The new paper is just what all engaged date of June 10th, as fo -.ows: 'The
ua'at:aed dry atmosphere greatly i- in tilling the soil should have. We ike FARMtSR continues to improve, and, as I
crea his evaporation. The rootlets the st.yle. whic h, i is managed. Facts predicted, is becoming the standard ags
ai'e taxed to theii" utmost to maintain I..a.ot. ..oc .. tal is what is nede fo riculuma, journal of the Sout."u= 2-
t h i s r a p i d p a s s g o ff ot t h e m os t u r e va c e n e n t o fF lor ,i a. ir M h e t t o o f M i k esoi l le.
and unless there is a suuticient supply at i'S hare.... O.l.r.o.e Mri' C M. Wc elston, of Mukesr a e,
han.J, they soon giveut. and tho.'rgans t 'a county, writes under date of
of the tree or cbhiubtecome so weakened Cty.. .vr.te:." hare seen but two June 17: "I enclose $2 for the FAKMEK
that it has to succumb for lack of nour- cpies ot your papei', but am much os D FRUIT-GROWER. I will try and get Si
i~hment. The s of the soil becomes taken with ,a I believe it is ho net.. some more subscribers for your paper. 1 T
vets hot if fulB B ^ud to the sun, and You have no idea what trouble we have have seen two or three copies of.. it, andaT
creates a rapid 'orn of.. the moist- to fnd ot anything about Floridathat 'think it is the bear paper of the. kind I
ure it contains. can be berieiee'. have ever peen, and the only one suited
It is imperativelv necessary therefore, Mr. Pe~ucial Brewer,.of Monmouth, toourcounty." ...-.. : "
to help check this" rapid evaporation bhy lll,, wlmim2ender date of. April. 9th:-:"'I-. M.' F-'S.. "Srague, of Federai Point,
mulchmg with some material of t-uffi- .thiuitr'u.i i -_- .the best- agricultural expresses bis'opinioti asfllows"-,Thave'
cient looseness to ad mit .a ut's&1and Ef-PDa&P.u~wwg" d'the South. taken agrniultural and hort,.ultral pa-
aiir, but stiJ,pficienily denal-'irevent. rlon. J. C. Pelot, of Mauatee, writes as pers for years, and unhesItatingly pro- (
the suI's ra^ rom drying and heating jf61.pows:. "I'cook upon your paper as nouhce the FLRLDA.FARMER AND FRUIT- -
the soil; Be~fo'eapplying thiimulch. it one of the moat-valuable _additions to GRowER -fai'-superior t-them all.. You
is advisable to stimhen surface of Lbs soil 'our agricultural interests. It is ably need not entertain fears-for'its success.
to admit the rains freely. On the top of edited, practical, dii'ects attention to Itsmerits.will win its way..'"-Pleaiesend et
this then apply the mulch, spreading it matters, of primary, importance in the me an extra copy to send~to" a friend in -
out beyond the area occuptel, by the development of our various industries, Michigan, who; will probably'wish to .
roots, for unless carried far enough fi'om anp carries with itaspirit of-etesg 'ahod wlbscribe,-. g". 'l p a ih
-. -. _.- -. ".-, .. --.c i-.s ..... ta-b' -,--,e -- ... .- : .-'
_.- -- -. .. -- .
DEVOTED TO THE
Trueio 'lTu wiU bare fi tu'1i3165.111g") -b;|l-ciL
the pronti'n.[:.r riu'nl id.Jut tri.;iar Flordaj. and
tJ il area aip a more div,:ro5,ed and
Lun~i:nirv- ETztiii (A .iqrl.:Ldtnre an .1 greater
u-:.:.D.: .I.T < .[ rj- c re6-.:.u r.:-.
A j untr.iii t the rcul rurni aduitanonsof
Sir.,- i..-.rr...-.n .:.f Floiir, ,Lre a6i ([ve but imper-
drtv u6jerIi 'e,.1. a c.,p.ai ii .:.f 1 h in rM6 ,irnal
[III bLo t .. t .- .r-r- e tLur Lbet reaiirt wrui-h have
!.-.-j Lc'.uG iASbud', wIth tn (sarcb m [. rhn-'"i- rm-
pl''iy3. and. ill ir jtilii[ :c aff,>-rrig such reeallt;
ail- W.-. :iWE,- ta rwrp-rur,? *:Iimnbbe ti-wor Little
kn'ni *rCI'':' in an[ d rt ,rd teepr'rgreaB
:-.f ai;rik:iirLux w n erIhb-iLn~iiris Srate4.
C.i. .i.nir crLy n-bit rb.- g1t51 nMn-iL-er and con-
rw du'r in-roiitd hr b-g -:i-a-Dr ia. r
rhur. irii! b.e re iErkeie c: hrrie' On r-uilri-.--other
iar, [L.' r or it., ) irr w -roup-whicBhr' ave -.
1',-,.7 Lmu) t iLitiei; *fal i, t. ni, State. Each va-' -
rtv wnOl 1-c *3ci':rii..lar ii
., -ir,, tbE-re t| ie ri, ote fsfron lierso. who barve
I-i& eLB_,5 .-ulnce in is it.d vaiir on. TL.s -ilU be -
[)L':,u i bi-v i h ; tL. a riec c- o
And :tiinrc-i'iibje,?t6 wiU Le ulu.trated it a united :-
Mu(n ai nitenti:.i wh be derote to -*..
Arnd tI-:. tie oen proriterron oi foliage and fertili-
cri, tnwo c-:...-niie6 wiaie are esocnrial to 0nc-
Qii [niiin5 1ri-itire to alnieni iof domesario
n iml', \rli be hrnwered ly anb able veterinary
irzeon wh,:, tormeirly edJited a Like department
rurf, Field and Farm.'
A due amount ot space wrl be-.devoted to
outtehold economy and to reports of the mar-
etc, ind ithe departimnenis cf
.ii] be contributed to by persons who bav.e made
pecialtiee of those branches.
All portions of the State wili receive a die
mount of attention, and their interests wil be -
ilpresente.l by able con-crrepondent. [-'
Uuder no circunmEtance will thisjourna! be- -
One the organn" of any associatiottor locality.
t wlI start out tmtramimelled and will repr:e-
ent all sections and interests with absotlte imi.
... ,-- ^ -? *- *'
.uls e ,: =.. .:: .
Published at Jacksonville oneln -dsf ',
S of each1,week. '
..- -:n- ....
PRICE O 5 SUBSCRIPTION ^
ne Year ,-' -' .- .
Lx MonthR .....' ."...-.' .
three Months' :- 7 ..::.... "' 0 "
.. ... ... ....."
BPEOIMEN CoifRs 'OIL
Address snbsonip a iber btlmLoom- .s
A. H., oT
Lonid he addx.
t, ^ .' .- ,.
:; : .- ". ._'.-;.,
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, AUGUST 3, 1887.
The Elements of Plant Food
and Their Combinations.
BY D. R. GREEN.
All plants are formed by the chemical
combination of two classes of elements
known as solids and gases. The solids
that form the ashes of plants are potash,
lime, phosphorus, sulphur, soda, silica,
magnesia, manganese, iron, alumina,
etc. The gases are oxygen, hydrogen
and nitrogen, and carbon that exists in
the form of charcoal as a solid, and com-
bined with oxygen as carbonic acid gas.
The main bulk of all soils consists of
silica or sand, and alumina or' clay,
with various proportions of the remain-
ing eight solids. The fertility of any
soil depends on.the proportionate abun-
dance of the eight as found in it.
To illustrate fully how plants feed and
grow, we will take the case of the or-
ange tree, a highly organized plant, that
S has been fully and carefully analyzed.
In 100 pounds of the dry wood there are
2.74 pounds of ashes and 9'.-16 pounds of
100 lbs. Ashes, lbs.
Soda.......... ............ 3.0
Lim e.............. ....... 55.
Iron, Oxide............ .6
Sulphuric Acid ...... 4.6
Silica .................... 1.6
Phosphoric Acid... 17.1
100 lbs. Org. Mat. lbs.
Nitrogen-...... ...... 1.
The tree starts from the seed in a soil
containing no decaying vegetable mat-
ter. It takes its carbon from the air in
the form of carbonic acid gas, taking
it in through the leaves and passing a
part of it down to the roots. Carbonic
acid dissolved in water is a ready solvent
of carbonatess of lime and magnesia, and
in acting chemically on mineral combina-
tions of these it sets free other elements.
These chemical processes are dependent
entirely on the presence of moisture.
Hydrogen is obtained by the plant from
water. Nitrogen, mixes with water and
.is thus absorbed by plants. Plants ab-
sorb watery solutions and evaporate ex-
cess of water through their leaves.
To sum up, the plant absorbs carbon
and oxygen through its leaves. It fur-
nishes solvents for mineral elements in
Sthe soil, which, in. combination with
water, are drawn up into the circulation
again; it absorbs nitrogen mixed with
water through its roots, and hydrogen
from the water, and.thus all of its parts
are slowly formed.
A soil that has in its composition the
S proper mineral elements in quantityy
sufficient to produce crops, y-t does not
produce them in proportonati aibun-
dance. is termed an inert Eoil. This iu.
ertness is due to one ot' three -auzes. or
a combination of all three. The tirst
and most common cause is ali.sene of
vegetable matter; the ei-:,:-nd iFs al:.-.e:e
of moisture; third, t-he necereary min
eral elements are held in chemical corn-
binatiolts that do not vield to tie chem-
ical solvents furnished by plants.
It is the height of uon.ense for anuy
one to suppose that the mineral elements
given in the analysis of pine land are
soluble in pure water. Tbey are all held
in mineral or chemical comtbinitioins
that would not yiedl one part in 10t.(.t.
to the action of pure water.
In making analyses, chemists use the
most pon erful a-ids known. Phosphorus
is found in the granite rocks or in the
soils stormed by breaking them up. Pot-
ash is found in felspar, a mineral which
is mixed with the granite rocket. And
so all through the list, nature has wisely
provided that her store of minerals
should not be wasted or washed by
drainage into the rivers and ocean. In
nature, it is through the medium.of
plants alone that tE-ese elements are
made soluble in water.
As it will not add to the practi.-al val-
ue of this article; we will not give in de-
tail the numerous mineral combinations
of these elements and the chemical ac-
tio is and reactions by which they are
separated and rendered soluble. With
the fact established that the soil is nat-
urally insoluble in pure water, we come
to consider nature's provisions for ren-
dering it soluble. As we have shown,
trees as perennial plants have power to
extract from soils the element's they
need for their own use, anti now v. will
consider the manner in which they pre.
pare the soil for the growth ot other
Every one must known that all trees,
whether deciduous or evergreen, shed
their leaves annually, and we will now
analyze these'leaves and see what effect
they have on the soil. Again taking the
orange, we find that 100 pounds of dry
leaves give 1:3.7 pounds of ashes and
86.3 pounds of organic matter.
1110 R, A- lit i. It; l"o s. O-' Maltt. Ibt.
.Potsh......... ........ 1 i. Carb.t ......... l
S Soda ....... .... ... 1.; H dro ........... .8
Lim e ............... ..... -.-' Oxy ;en .... ......... -. iv
M agneei ............... L.; N rogen. .... ..... 2.
Iron ....... ........ .5
Sulpurh c A.:i ..... 1.4
..' i ................... 1
Phosphori, Acid.. 3.3
r Salt....................... 6.6
..As,.carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and ni-
..trogen -'gain come up, we will see in
.i haFftorms they exist. Air is composed
S -. a mixture of oxygen and nitrogen;
100 gallons of air contains 19 gallons of
nitrogen and 21 gallons of oxygen. Water
S is a chemical combination of oxygen and
hydrogen;. 18 pounds of water contain 16
pounds of oxygen and 2 pounds of hydro-
gen. Two thousand, five hundred gal-
ons-of air contain 1,gallon of carbonic
acid; 44 pounds of carbonic acid contain
S. 12 pounds of carbon and 32. pounds of
-Noiv, the tree. drops its leaves to the
.ground, where tbheybegin to decay; this
decay is combugn .or"burning." and is
caused by the oxygen of -the air uniting
chem ically with the carbon and hydro-
ge nof the organic,"namtter, forming car-
S o-ic acid and.-water. Also. 0.43 pounds
=of hydrogen unite with the 2 pounds of
A-. .: -. .. .. .
nitrogen to form 2.43 pounds of am-
Bacteria aid decay or combustion by
dessicatmig or chewing up woody fibre
or organic matter. Moisture aids by
softening the woody fibre and furnish-
ing a medium for the circulation of bac-
teria and organic acids. It also takes up
ammonia. But in the ordinary course of
nature this combustion is more or less
complete, according to the compactness
and degree of moisture found in the soil
in which it takes place. Compactness
and moisture of the soil, prevent the cir-
culation of oxygen or air through it, and
the leaves decay. only from the upper
surface, and, by gradually settling down,
the oxygen or air is mostly excluded
from the lower layers of leaves, the re-
sult of which is, the unconsumed carbon
takes the form of fine charcoal, which is
commonly known as humus.
This humus still holds the mineral ele-
ments found in the leaves, and takes up
by absorption the ammonia and such
mineral elements as may have been freed
by complete combustion and rendered
soluble by carbonic acid. The enormous
absorbent powers of charcoal are too
well known to need comment. Any ex-
cess of carbonic acid, being eagerly taken
up by water, is carried into the soil be-
low, where it acts on the minerals and
prepares them more rapidly for the use
of the tree.
(To be Continued.)
The Action of Land Plaster.
The following is from the Southern
Land plaster or gypsum is sulphate of
lime-composed of sulphuric acid, or oil
of vitriol and lime, and some water; when
burned the water is driven off and it is
then known as plaster of Paris. It oc-
curs in nature as a soft rock, and is
ground up for manurial purposes-varies
in purity; that from Nova Scotia is the
best to be had. The crop it has produced
most marked effects on is clover,, applied
as a top dressing. It is sometimes ap-
plied on grass land, but with less marked
results. At the North it is worked in
around young corn soon after it comes
up, apparently with good results.
One curious fact about plaster is that
sometimes it produces most marked re-
sults, then on a different soil none what-
ever. Agricultural chemists were puz-
'zled. They could not predicate under
what circumstances it would do good
and when not. It is now generally be-
lieved that its chief action is not in sup-
plying plant food itself, but in liberating
potash from insoluble combinations in
the soil and making them available. The
mineral felspar, for instance, which is a
constituent of granite and particles of
which "are found in soils derived from
granite, is a silicate of potash and alumi-
na, but is insoluble in water, and, there-
fore, unavailable to plants. In contact
with plaster it is decomposed in part,
and sulohate of potash is formed. This
is a ,oluble and desiral:.ie form of pot.
ash, the same found -in kainit. It is
supposed, 'also, that plaster does
sorturtimes. in like manner, liberate
magnesia and nitrogen from their insol-
uble, unavailing compounds.
From the happy action of plaster on
clover, it is probable that peas and other
let-.,tinnous plants would be benefited
by it also. The matter has not, how-
ever, been settled by experiments. It
must be I.'orne in mind, as stated before,
that the action of plaster is very uncer-
tain-sometimes producing remarkable
results, sometimes none whatever. It is
difficult to institute any comparison be-
tween plaster and. guano. All the solu-
ble phosphates, such as acid phosphate,
supei phosphate, dissolved bone and ma-
nipulate]d guano, which have been made
by treating rok or bone with acid, con-
taiu a large percentage of plaster.
Selecting Seed Corn.
White corn is best adapted for domes-
tic use. The flint varietit- contain more
oil and aluteD than the soft. which has
more strc-h. Yellow contains more oil
than white, and is better for fattening
animals. It al-o matures ten to fourteen
'lays earlier, a matter of great, impor-
tance in Texas. In selecting seed, care
Should be had to choose that variety
which has been found to do well on sim-
ilar soil and in the same latitude.
Seed should be selected in the field.
and not in the corn crib. Stalks carry-
iug ears nearest the ground should be
chosen if otherwise right. Eas should
be nearly as thick at the point as at the
butt, the rows regular and the grains
plump and uniform in size and the cob
small. Authorities differ as to the value
of tips. middlles and butts. some claim-
ing that tips are earliest and make the
best corn, while others claim the same
advantaeeo for middles and butts.
Every farmer should set aside a small
piece of land, apart from his main crop,
upon which to raise seed. It should be
in a warm position, be naturally rich or
made so by a liberal application of well
rotted manure, and thoroughly prepared.
The seed should be carefully selected
and planted, and the stalks thinned out
to four feet apart in the rows. All ster-
ile plants should be noted, and their
tassels removed to prevent their pollen-
izing fertile plants.
The cultivation should be thorough
and judicious, and with a favorable sea-
son, a large crop of fully matured ears
will surely result. From this crop, next
year's should be selected in the field, and
when ripe should be stored in a diy
place of moderate temperature until
wanted for planting. If this course is
followed for rwo or three years, the qual-
ity and yield of corn will be vastly in-
creased.-Texas Farm and Ranch.
A few loads of valuable manure can be
had each year by taking care of the hog
pen; especially so if the bogs are shut
up to feed and fatten in the pen.
It is profitable to raise a patch of nice
strawberries, but don't expect to get rich
at that alone, and especially do not ex-
pect. ir, if you have a good many other
things to attend to.
By Means of Artesian Wells,
Tanks, Ponds, etc. *
Colonel Dennet, of the New Orleans
Picayune, discourses of this vitally im-
portant subject as follows:
Much has been said of late years about
the serious drawbacks of droughts on
agriculture, and the question is often
asked: "'Is there any remedy for this
great evil?" There certainly is a remedy
to some extent, in deep wells, pumps,
wind power, tanks, ponds, lakes, artesian
wells, etc. But the remedy implies that
lands be made rich and much less land
cultivated. The remedy would not reach
Suppose a farmer cultivates twenty
acres of land, and has a never-failing
well and a windmill pump, and a tank
of a capacity of 25,000 gallons on the
most elevated part of his tract. The
tank could be kept full, the windmill
running when the wind blows, day and
night, and with rich land underdrained,
the crops supplied with water whenever
needed, who can estimate the yielding
capacity of such land? How long would
it take for the extra yield under the new
style of farming to pay for well, pump,
windmill and underdraining? His gar-
den and orchard and vineyard would al-
ways yield delicious and abundant fruits.
The underdraining would protect the
crops from the bad effects of excessive
rains, and well water would give season-
able and abundant supplies in droughts,
Here is what high farming can do:
As a calculation as to what can be
done in the way of sustaining population,
the following from a Belgian correspon-
dent of the Mark Lane Express will be
read with interest: "The little country
of Belgium has 480 persons to the square
mile, or three to every four acres." That
is, four acres are to support three per-
sons. If the United States were equally
crowded, the population would be 1,650,-
000,000, or more than the population of
the whole world. One acre perfectly
cultivated can easily support one person.
It is possible to produce sixty bushels of
wheat on one acre, and this is equivalent
to the whole support of two persons. It
is simply a matter of calculation and
management. Belgium shows what can
be done, and it is well done, for we do
not hear of distress in that country, nor
of paupers, nor a rush of dissatisfied Bel-
gians, crowding away to better their
condition. It shows that high farming
and excellent cultivation of the soil are
profitable, and may be taken as one of
the facts that prove this to be a settled
principle of agricultural economy.
And here are the views of the San
Francisco Chronicle about irrigation with
In seasons like the present, when the
rainfall is somewhat below the average,
it is natural that farmers in those parts
of the'State where irrigation is not gen-
erally practiced, and where no prepara-
tions have been made for the utilization
of the natural water supply in this man-
ner, should look with curious eyes upon
those who are so situated as to be entirely
independent of the rainfall, either from
the possession of an artesian well, or of
an irrigation right from some ditch com-
pany. The construction of a ditch sys-
tem is a work of time and large outlay,
while the sinking of an artesian well is
similar, only upon a smaller scale, and
with the additional uncertainty as to
whether water will be found after the
well is bored.
But there is an easy way out of the
difficulty for those who would like to
take advantage of irrigation, and one
which it seems strange that more farmers
have not adopted. This solution of the
difficulty is in the raising and distribu-
tion of water by pumps from surface
wells, springs or streams. At an exceed-
ingly moderate cost any farmer can put
in a pumping plant, to be worked either
by steam or horse power, which will fur-
nish an ample supply of water at all
times for irrigation, without subje:.ting
the irrigator to the exasperating pro,'e-es
of waiting upon the pleasure of a ditch
company for his water supply.
For less Ihan .$'200 a force pump and
horse power may be put into a well or
on the bank of a stream, that will cover.
in ten hours' tine, an area of two acres
to a depth of one inch with water. By c
propoi tionate increase in power, a larger
supply of water may be raised and dis-
tritbuted. but for any ordinary farm the
smaller expense is all lbat is necessary.
The irrigator is thus rendered lierfectly
independent of rainfall and of water-
owning monopolies. Thete are few lo-
calities anywhere in the State where sur-
face wellsawill not furnish abundance of
water to supply a pump of the kind re-
ferred to, and as the expense of raising
the water is but nominal, it would Ibe
well worth while for farmers who are in
danger of suffering fion droughts, to try
Washington's Farm Economy.
Donald G. Mitchell's paper on ''Wash.
ington's Farm Life," in the December
American Agriculturist, contains un-
published letters of Washington. In one
"I do in earnest termsenjoin upon you
tosee that the hay is used with the great-
est economy at the Mansion House, and
particularly to guard against Mrs. L.
Washington's Charles and her boy in the
stables, both of whom are impudent and
self-willed, and care not bow extrava-
gantly they- feed or even waste, for 1
have caught the boy several times litter-
ing his horses with hay. Except her
blind horse (which may be endangered
by running at large, I see no sort of ne-
cessity there is for feeding with either
grain or hay when they ate not used. or
any other horse that is at liberty and
able to provide for itself. I can
plainly perceive that in a little time (af-
ter saving what oats I want for seed
another year) there wi'l be nothing
either for negroes or horses to eat with-
out buying, which will neither comport,
with my interest or inclifnation. By Stu-
art's report I find be still continues to
feed borees with corn instead of cut oats,
Klin:.w all men iy thecei plent-., that C. H.
. on,--. Jt.. J. .ones, J W. Abernlith, and F
w. Hoy iIder nd in at.: .:prdanc wilth Lhei- l -
7ti'.fi ,'-5 tu< Art -4i t,- Legi.ltur' of e L'tii-
--i l.:.rla pr-itding I'or tli crefc.t'-n o c.j)rtora-
t-US4i IAV ar.;E,.:.c'I:catit nemsouives under thi5naame
ofr t "- TmL_-U ,,.-n Prrnt.,ng atnd Pubhilhii.
(: it,,jany"," ith lace -.L t, nsinis at Ja.LckscIo-
0lie., Fbirt a in r le .,ief-t,f E cn, npany will
Lbeto -.nrr7 onAen e f ielel printing antd pIuL.lihlin."
business and to triansact e ictl cothler btulin-es6 as
niay L-e rneceaLrr for thie welfare C. the com-
pany. The capital stock i, aid company ia
One Hun-l-ed Thousand (l.11i,00:) Dollars, the
shared, to be paid up in full when issued. T'he
.,nipnnyo benign its sine6o form the date of
tnei tli ii ci is Arcictecft tincorrporation,namely
JuIly 15th, 156i, and will run ior ninety-nine
yea'ts from easiddate. ItEsolleeras hall consist ofa
NPrsident. Sec.-retnrv and Treasurer, and five (5
Direct->-i, to .) -6-lected on the second Monday
an July in each .Tear. The highest amount of
inlJebi'ednez-s the corporation can at any Lime
6sit:iet it-elt to is twenty -ul) per cent of the
carpial stocb, namely Twenty Tousand ($"i),000)
ISig-ned, C. H. JoNES.
G. W. JONES.
J W. ABERNATHI.
FRED. W. HOYT.
FREE, ONE -SAMPLE GOPY.
Before yon decide where to go In SOUTH
FLORIDA, send fora sample copy of
THE ORANGE GROVE.
You till find better and cheaper bargains In
IANATK Couety In groves, farms, ranches of
any size. Buaiding lots on railroad, river or sea-
aife. The proprietor of "'The Orange rove," Is
an "old rimer, but uriiher moss back'd or hide
bound; he Is hee s hero ay and 'There Is m1llons
In it." Three MUllnions or Acres on bhis Books.
Address, THE GROVE, LIVERPOOL, FLA.
BUDS OF THE MAGGIE PEAGH
Furnished at $1 per hundred, $8 per thousand,
-five hundred at one thousand rates
as I directed. What two paddle horses
are those which stand in the Mansion
House report? I know of none but the
one Mr. Whitling used to ride." What
country gentleman of our day, on his
city absence, put this particularity and
sagacity into his queries?
About Curing Tobacco.
Recent experiments made by a North
Carolina gentleman in curir g t.ba:'o,
both on and off the stalk, seem to prove
that the latter is the proper method. It
is held that the great bulk of nicotine in
a tobacco plant lies in the stalk; that in
the old process of curing this nicotine is
driven to the leaf, and, hence, becomes
an injury to it. The gentleman referred
to above states that, by stripping the
leaves as they ripen and curing them off
the stalk, almost entirely relieves the to-
bacco of all nicotine, and, as a conse-
quence, improves the quality to a con-
siderable degree. If this can be sub-
stantiated as a fact, it will greatly revo-
lutionize the tobacco business with
reference to curing.
A great many planters hold that a leaf
of tobacco br:'ken from tie stalk before'
it ist I. r-ed be-corues iJfeless and almost
w,.orthiles. This ground is..lemoustrated
to be false byexanoniug a lot ot t.:,oacco
cured after- bl.eini suiippel. We have in
our office a small sample of smoking to-
bacco manufactured from leaf stripped
in thefield and afterward cured. It has
the pleasant aroma of fine smoking to-
bacco, does not affect the nerves and
does not leave a biting, unpleasant taste
after smoking, as is often the case with
most smoking tobacco. Whether these
qualities arise from being cured after
being broken from the stalk, we do not
know, but it seems most likely that this
is the reason. Thorough experiments
will be made this summer to test the
matter, and if there is anything in the
claim for non-nicotine tobacco, it will
soon get its quota of credit.-Southern
Late Summer Crops.
In addition to peas there are a few
other crops whose planting may still
continue, success being dependent more
upon seasons. It should be remembered
that late-planted crops require rich soil
and deep preparation. Forage crops of
corn, millet, sorghum, etc., may still be
made, but will not amount to much
without good ground, good preparation
and reasonable seasons. If such plantings
be made and the plants started off ini
July, the August rains are frequently
sufficient to mature fine yields. We
have had fine success with cat-tail millet
sown even so late as August 1st. The
best potatoes for keeping, as well as for
planting next spring, are made from
vines set out in well plowed, good soil
throughout the month of July, those
planted early in the month often making
as large tubers as may be desired, and
the latter sufficiently large for ordinary
use and for seed. Thete is no doubt of
the fact that the latter plantings pro
duce better keepers, and they are
much cheaper, as ihey make with
much lei- labor. Plantings of cuttings
on wheat, barley or rye lots are almost
certain of a good yield of, smooth, fair-
sized potatoes at very small expense of
labor. Very late plantings should be in
closer rows and the beds not thrown up
so high.--Southern Cultivator.
Greasing a WhaPl.
A paper devoted to the coach-making
industry, gives some good hints respect-
ing this matter. A well made wheel
will endure constant wear from ten to
twenty-five years, if care is taken to use
the right kind and amount of grease;
but it this matter is not attended to. it
will be used up in five or six years. Lard
should never bie uted on a wagon, for it
will pi-netrate the hub and work its way
out. around the tenons of the spokes,
thus spoiling tie wheel. Tallow is the
best lubricator for wooden asle-trees, and
ca-tor oil for iron hubs, but many of the
patent axle gieasts are also excellent,
and have the merit of being cheaper and
more convenient to handle. Just grease
enough should be applied tc. the spindic
of a wagon to give it a slight coating.
This is better than more, for the surplus
put on will w.-rk out at the c-nds, and be
forced by the shoulder band. and nut
washer into the hub around the outside
of the boxes. To oil an iron asle-tree
fit't wipe the spindle clean with a cloth
wet vith spirits of tuipentine, and then
apply a few drops of castor oil near tLe
shoulder and end. One teaspoonful is
suttflient for the whole.-Ex.
F1ONSIG1'~NIENT% OF" EGGS..
ONSIGCNMENTS OF EGG;S. -.
c I'H[KEN-, FRUIT. \ND
ot'rsNr Y PRO'DCE
J. IH. SUrHERLAND,
FLORIDA GROWN PEACH TREES
Kulsi, Jd i Pll Pu s Olive T 'rsIi, Otrai s, Fis L uions, Peansw
B,. t -. do ien, -i-indr-d :, l-.u1n,. Ii o 1',ll ur-ir .'.' ..th.:r Nu.ri.o-..r t-[:-.k ad.ipted to
Flor d tih- I iaiu I t c -em. AI n:.-- t.J...-ikir i-' :. :i.i ]''- F,'i l .1-lli- -r- .ao.':D
C L E 1'-I-. \ir i MA r f ri 1 a:. i'at.l.. Tr-c ':in Gi SI .anr.y, o
: ,GLEN ST., MARY NUI ERIES .L. Tdtilr, Prp, GO R Sl: ry, Fli
THE LAKELAND NURSERY COMPANY
_Are ll reu, iLe.-_ t.:, M.nl FREE, onu ar-.pl, iim n,
A COPY OF THEIR SUMMER PRICE LIST
.-. in,. i-d.Ii- i. -c.:.- u. in te w tl E. H. "T[SON, Mini.'iger, Lakelai-dl P ll; ,o:.. Fl i
COTj-5IDr) 'S '
NEW YORK & FLORIDA STEAMSHIP LINE.
lBI-WIEEIALY SERVICE BETWEEN
NEW YORK, FERNANDINA AND JACKSONVILLE ,
Steamers are appointed to sailrom Pier 29, E. R.. N. Y., every Tuesday, Thursday
and Saturdno. it3t.. 1 om.
FROM JA li-iNVI LLE-CHf- i C'Rt'E n, w .'.1 S_ I .Y. LF new', 7erer7 FRIDAY.
FROM F.RIPNA'NDIN.A--DELA 4T".4RE and YEM-..F SEE -.:?' M'N-DY. p. w., CITY
OF'ATLAZ.iT :tI (LITr T.'F 0COL UJIBL4. ..r',- LI 4 DNE-DAY I.. m .
The Freight ar.i P'i!;.u-.:r A.:., .t...i tt.?n. iVr LL.; ar -.- ri' '..l .; |tny ships In
the coastwise -,ir-i.-:. i..r ,tri "r i- t :. ,t.'t 7 t', er- "
CLARENI'E WAGNER, .\-.. J. A. LESLIE. AI-.,
F- .i l ', Fl .J.L..t...nrill. Fla.. W. :... BiT .vn:l H .gan.
THEO. G. E-,E ,. r,'. rt.rg, wM. P' :LYDE .t '0., -.
B B -,...L-i % 7,-N.Y. G r. 'il Y. j-'. B-.,..v.l.t 7, N. Y .,
e size 4 00 oo 000T V "W. ou Lake Kiunasley. Clay Co.. onI Sy10. A
fe e iee in .. V.i choice 5-acre tract lor an ORANGE
GROVE costs but $100.
High rolling Pine Lands, Salubrious Climate, a good invest- IR A
ment. Send 2-cent stamp for Maps, etc., or remit P. 0; Order or
Bank Draft to JOHN T. TALBOTT, and get Warranty Deed, Title
perfect, from the .
TR;O:PIC-AJTi T..A1 D OOVIA:rY,
P. 0. Box 158,Jacksonville, Florida, 39 W. Bay St.
ORIOLE, HERNANDO COUNTY.
Beautiful location, facing on Lake Oriole and on the South Florida Railroad.
Lands all high and drv. New settlement; between twenty-five and thirty new -houses.
A Church, Scho-. ,- y mails, stores, bakery, sawmill and hotel. Large aireai ,lria."'pla]taned
in orange groves. Choice building lots for winter homes for sale cheap. Icrn, r.--, ry and
Ifor acre orange grove lots. A healthy settlement in a healthy State.
Call on or Address,
J. W. GLOVES, :rt CLARKSON & ROBERTSON,
Oriole, Floridla. JJac-kLonville, Florida
Wholesale Commission Merchant,
NO. 313 NORTH WATER STREET, PHILADELPHIA.
Specialties: i:UtlTEtrN FRIUir AND VEGElrABLE-. >..,]':.m.'r_: i.:tl. Return
mila- :i. '- ':'i :i.
J 0- 0. C-. B OI-OTTJTT,
OranJ-e rove.r-, T-rwo L.:,t4 m i art-5r', WT rtr-r HaS-n. H ;k.:lJ, Pueta G.rris a asi Charlorte
Harb.,r. fr.t Sale Urinn pro',ed Landos, I imall a1,i ,arge rra.'s?, at 'St, p'r a.r, up. (hoi.- ten
and forty acre tract. of pt-o:,d, high. rtg ine Laund,, nc-.r S. F FR. R dep- t, at i2" to $ 6 per
acre. All property gualaote-.J [:.- t.e a repsr.teid .:.r monr-y i-tunldEd
-7 tcuroney L.:.a'n.s weHU i,:ewd, neg':,antda at 15 p-r -cc not c.. tthe ieder.
INV oNI flHI +..
. :: - -', l .. -
.. ... ^ "r ^ s ^ ^ : ..-- : -. :-. : :.='
P. C. MINNICH,
W .[..., Fl
28 OCEAN -, EEr,
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. AUGUST 3. 1887.
Thlie Florida Farmor and Fruit Growoer
A. K. CURTISS, Editor.
C. H. JONES & BROTHER, PUBLISHERS.
Office Cor. Bay and Laura Sts.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT
GROWER is an eight page 48 column illustra-
ted weekly newspaper, devoted to the Farm,
Garden, Orchard and Household Economy.
and to the promotion of the agricultural and
industrial interests of Florida. It is published
Terms of Subscription.
For one year ........... 2.00
For six months 1.00
-Clubs of five to one address....... .........7.50
With dally TIMES-UNION, one year...... 11.00
'With daily TIMES-UNION, six months 6.00
*With WEEKLY TIMES, one year........ 2.75
V-Subscriptions in all cases cash in ad-
vance, and no paper continued after the
expiration of the time paid for. The date on
the printed label with which the papers are
addressed is the date to which the subscrip-
tion Is pitd li' 1-i ,1i'ui liUi. l t a v ., pCIFt lor
pavym nti to .bl d.t .:; it l hii i.-.[ i' nut
chanrld immaln:latelv after a new payment,
the sibei'ib. i will pleaSc n ,olit' u at *D'ej
CORRE P ,"'NNDEEN'E .-li'ited :n allii r,.
Je'f pertauirilii, to th- "i,:,:' d-' r.''.ttw b
lh] pap.-rr. Writ -u +.r ,y:, Iff x i,:nC .g ; r.ni or, s
lo n ler artt',i? as tt li..' ..h'..:. -* r:ut niu-t
lurnl'ol h Itm e ,ltor wa on th ,ilr uti nln m l ,
address, not for publication butas a guarantee
-ofgood faith. Rejected communications can-
ADVERTISE LENTS insertt-d to, a limited
esxt-.nt R t i fl. i l ,ished ob applt ,,ttor-
REMirT.ANCES soul I.-e made !)- ''bv-ik,
Postal Nor. Muie-y Ord-r, or Registered
Letter, to order of
0. H. JONES & BRO.,
S" Jacksonville, Fal
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
FIRST PAxO-L-eeching (illustrated); The Eng-
lish Sparrow; The English Sparrow in Flor-
Sida; Bradford County Groves; The Tamarind
(Illustrated); How to Have Plums; Preserving
Fruit for Exhibition; A Blood Navel Orange;
A Remedy for Plant Poisoning.
SEcoNS PAGE-Orange Cultire Abroad; Peach
'Yellows and Blight; Overhanging Trees;
S3Broom Corn; Mulching in Drought; The Qual-
.ifled Market Gardener; Creole Onions.-
TmRD PAGE-Agricultural Chemistry; The Ac-
tion of Land Plaster; Selecting Seed Corn; Ir-
rigation; Washington's FarmEconomy; About
Curing Tobacco; Late Summer Crops; Greas-
ing Wagon Wheels.
FouTH PAGE (Editorial)-Our Fruit Basket;
Florlidfi' NEww A .;r :uni rl ; P.:i.-,:.i:.r- L F .:.r
ida; D -:"e!:pmentr; The Farairtr' Ci:'7t"r i)ii
Hints r.- Fartii.-r:' (Cli.b: A.:r,.tlrursi Ex.
S -periment Stations.
Fru PA-iE-'Ed.;ti.d by Helen Harcourt); Out
H:.me Ctrcie; .);y Corner; The FamilyFriend
Onr Young Folks' Corner.
-SIXTE PAGE-Veterinary Advice; Catre o:
.'orse in Summer; Protect.i: H..,-;: iri.
FnI.?-'-i ; i :il R iti>;rr--G+i= ','; li'
Si <.irb..l.: Aci; A B,-.K .t..''. A.i-t ,=
... "S a ,s T ,BrP1'--Fi',rm I-.-i'l ''.7 'Alt.' ,ir.'i,
S + : ',r. i -r ,:,r7, rrr.- Et,:.i B. :, iy V. E
:. N.:!rri ; Fa ni l- Rt.-- mi a hi-
EitoaIs r'.,.s -Fi-,i t' I NLW; ]i iu l'.-f. 'n 7rb,
:-'L+ -v \ + ." .' S,-.n,'i tt n '*i:',.'1 Tr" I iotILIJ a WV t,.r, [ ',r
S...u"tii .iL : I.E 'n r-,- Brt-1: W ,rbhEr f..r An
-ii. q" t ; r.t- ;t New Y.,'k :..nJ .JI -i.i]L .:%l- Mar
-5 ^ t S
S: .- OUR-FRUIT BASKET,,.
1: E" LS hELE-'S" PLUIM. ,
SAt last we Liae had th- privlege--
thanks to Mr. G. L. Tal.IIr.of Glen St
iMary-of taking thIe KElsey plum-wel
ripened sedcinen-'-anil again our. opin
ion oft the-fnirt ries a notch. We had
Mo, mot allowed ourself to believe this fr ii
'tobealtoge-ther perfe<:t. We knew thb
'tree to be wonderfully vigorous in
: growth and precocious in bearing; it hat
proved very fruitful and exempt front
the curcaulic', but we expected to be dis
S- appointed in the quality of the fruit. On
"the contrary we find the flavor to beaatl
-that could be desired, not at all acid ox
., bitter, bUt. deliciously sweet, like thie
Green age.- .The only question tht re
S/" mainsi to be answered now isj, ca
*. it be marketed profitably? Independent
-of this consideration, it is a great acqui
sition for home use. No well regulated
family sh.-uldi be without a few trees ol
the Kelsey plum.
JACKESON CLING PEACH.
Mr. Win. P. Horne; of Glen St. Mary
sends us some peaches of the abovt
named variety. It is thie handsonie
peach grown in Florida that we eve
SaW; itn size about seven inches around
-each way; color, deepest crimson and
golden yellow; flesh deep yellow, .crim
-son near the pit. firm and of highly flavor
It is an excellent peach for cooking. amn
though rather lace, it ought to comma n,:
-a good price in thIe market.
'Mr. E. Hollister sends us a photograph
of a seedling peach grown at Tampa. H,
writes, "It is almost the exact counter
@part.of the "Old Mixon Free' in size. colb
and taste." The photograph represent'
*a nearly round peach about three and a
half inches in diameter. Such a peaci
as-this, if the tree be vigorous and fruit
-.._ ful, will be a great acr ._i'.ion. .
Accompanying this are specimens o
"red and of white clover found inTampa
.Both frequently spring up spontaeousloh
;":. 'and bloom in this State, but they wil
:'f^-L..- _- "' -never be of utility. ..
S:-"-"'-+ :"M.- A CIHOICE -PE&A. -
'-. "* ,- '-^.Mr. Albert Fries, of St. Nicholas, (nea
. .'- Jacksonville), has sent us a Duthessi
.... :*..- "d'Angouleme peariiested in a basket ful
.-A- -. -of Mexicanclorer. with this accompany
..7-'-; ,ong note: -
-".--- '. "DEAR SIR-I send you a .specimen o
". -*^ ^ : :: -. "
,: .:.- J .- *, -~ "
4 -' : -. -.
C. .# = .. .", :. V .
S C.- , + : ,- + -
_- ::;.t.-.:=_':-4 : Y -" ",'
a rare pear raised on my place at St.
Nicholas. It is of the Duchesse d'An-
gou!eme variety, and was grafted on a
quince stock in 1879. The tree made
very slow growth, is now a little over
five feet high, and has fruited for the
first time. A number of LeConte pear
Streets are loaded with fruit, and some of
. the Keiffer variety are also bearing.
"I send also a sample of clover which
covers a young grove of one and a half
acres. What do you call it?"
The Duchesse is a pear of high degree,
certainly, and most pleasing to the eye
and palate, but the tree pines for anoth-
er clime and is only to be prized as a
rarity. We are far more interested in
the specimen and account of the Mexi-
can clover (Riclhardsonia)-for such it is
-"which covers a young grove of one
and a half acres," and which comes up
thicker than ever from self sown seed
every time it is plowed under, shading
the soil and increasing its fertility. Make
a note of it and give a credit mark to
Duval county. We hope Mr. Fries, Mr.
Dansby and others, will save seed of the
Mexican clover and offer it to the public
FLORIDA'S NEW AGRICULTURE.
The ideas of radical reform in the in-
dustrial policy of this State which are
advocated by this journal, are a source
of soma annoyance to certain individ-
uals whose minds have been accustomed
to revolve in a nutshell. The considera-
tion of the New Agriculture, as these
gentlemen are pleased to term it, in-
I volves an enlargement of the mental
horizon many times beyond what they
have been accustomed to. Its teachings
grate on their refined sensibilities. "Why
Disturb our equanimity," they exclaim,
"with these low-born, utilitarian ideas?
Farm crops and live stock, are too com-
monplace. They do not come within
the world's ideal of Florida. A truce to
t such notions. We will none of them."
From a perusal of the present number
; of the FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER, it
Should appear that the new agriculturists
are becoming emboldened by increase
of numbers and are even invading the
"classic shades" of the orange groves.
By reference to different pages of this
number it will be perceived that at least
three distinct movements are set on foot,
Small with the common design of making
Sthd groves pdy better.
SWe are aware that these 'ideas do not
accord with the high ideal of the orange
grove which has been cherished by so
many, and we do not expect them to
- c-ain ground among the peop'e of hIeavy
Spur'ss, but to tho-e who need to make.a
" living from the s.-.il wve recommend a
tbiou,-htfiil consideration of these and
similar articles, which are appearing in
this journal from week to week.. The
attention of .orange growers is invited
especially to articles on the first and
sixth pages of this issue. Wehave for
publication an interesting account of. a
method of managing an orangemrove. in
which we Bnd an application of an idea
about treatment of sandy soils, which,
though recognized' by standard writers
on agriculture, has not, to ouf knowl-
edge, ever been mentioned in a Florida
We would here explain that the con-
tinuation of our "Indications of Prog-
SreSt" is left over for the next number.
We found that its insertion would crowd
out the class of matter to which we
aim always to devote two columns of
this 'age. We think our showing of
Florida's recent progress will be found
to be highly encouraging to all who are
Interested in this State. .
f POMOLOGY IN FLORIDA.
On the 19'th instant the Florida Nur-
serymen's AXsociatlon trill hold its sec-
e ond annual-or third semi annual-meet-
lt in.at Palatki. Some months ago we
r gave a list of its members, aud ex-
d pressed the opinion that it was an organ-
d iz.ation eminently suited to the times.
- and that it was likely to do more for
. Florida's horticultural interests than any
d agency in thie past. The pomologyv of
I the State is undergoing a rapid expan-
sion, and much systematic work is need-
ed in order that nurserymen in particu-
h lar and fruit growers in general, may
a work to best advantage.
Without exactness ot nomenclature,
r there will be much confusion of ideas
3 and wasted effort, for there are being
b brought forward conti ieally new ya-
h rieties and hybrids, aud within a year or
- two there will be "confusion worse con-
founded," unless, a representative body
f like this undertake to build up au exact
system of pomology, such as the Geor-
y gia fruit growers have established.
I The Georgia State Horticultural So-
ciety was organized in 1876, and has held
meetings each year since, the noted nur'-
r seryman, P. J. Berckmans. being elected
e each time president for the ensuing
I year. Its proceedings, are published,
-, and the results tabulated, so that each
fruit grower in Georgia may know the
f qualities of each variety of fruit, and its
adaptation to his particular portion of
the State. For example, in the table of
peaches, we find fifty-six varieties
enumerated. Their leading character-
istics are represented by initial letters in
four columns, their climatic adaptations
in three other columns, and an eighth
contains remarks. To illustrate, the
Alexander, which is first on the list, we
understand to be a freestone, with white
flesh, very early in ripening (that is
"from end of May to June 20th"), most
valuable for market, well adapted to the
coast and middle region, but not to the
good pear and a valuable addition to the
catalogue. Keeps till frost, and I believe
it will be one of the'best. Berckmans:
It Ifpens two months later and differs
much from the LeConte. Kinsey: Bet-
ter than LeConte. Berckmans: Will
hear a good crop after three years'
The Kieffer was added to the catalogue
with one star for the middle region and
one star for the coast. Garber's and
Smith's Hybrid.-Berckmans: Would
add to the catalogue as promising well
of the oriental type, Sanford: They
are prolific with me. Added to the cat-
mountain region; "quality very good, DEVELOPMENT.
bright color, very profitable." --
We presume this form of tabulation Let Us Investigate and Leave
did not originate with the Georgia Hor- no Stone Unturned.
ticultural Society. Whether it did or BY S. L. REED.
not, it affords a good model for the Flor- The Connecticut Board of Agriculture,
ida fruit growers, if they choose to un- one year ago last December, voted to es-
dertake a similar work. As regards e- tablish a testing station in each of the
detake a simil wok. As egas ge- eight counties in the State, and in De-
ographical division, greater difficulties cember of the present year reports will
are presented by this State than by probably be made of what has been ac-
Georgia. In all the States which extend complished in this direction. Other
from the i to t t-. there States are doing the same work. Why
from the Alleghanies to the ..-. thereshould not Florida follow suit?
is a very natural division into three sec- No State can raise a greater variety,
tions, namely, the coast, middle and and no where can fruit be more profita-
mountain. In Florida there are three blygrown. Every land owner is more
or less interested in what can be; raised
divisions also, based on differences in here, but every one cannot make the
temperature and soil, and it may not be necessary experiments. Had we a sta-
a matter of great difficulty to establish tion where they could be made and re-
their boundary lines. We think the liable information given as to cultiva-
a e l do w t tion, the relative worth of the fruit, etc ,
Florida nurserymen will do -well to it would be a great advantage to the
adopt the plan of the Georgia nursery- State.
men, and lay the foundation,at their ap- Flowers should also be tested, and those
preaching meeting, of a system of po- that bloom in winter, and are well
S or t A form of tabu- adapted to the climate, should be widely
mology for this State. A form of tabu- culti-ated, for our transportation facili-
lation may be agreed upon for each ties will soon be such that we can send
fruit, and each member may, during the them to New York for less money than
interval before this and next summer's they can be raised for in hot houses, and
in greater variety.
meeting, prepare a set of tables after Let our agricultural college not be
this plan, and fill them out as far as his satisfied with mediocrity, but rather
information will allow. A month be- strive to keep at the front. These test-
fore next summer's meeting these tables ing stations should be offshoots from the
foe next sumrs meeting these tables main branch, giving aid wherever need-
may be sent to some one person agreed ed. They would prove a great help, and
upon, for condensation into ones the encourage the fruit growers to greater
points of disagreement to he carefully effort in growing a variety of every-
noted. Then, when the association meets, thing that may be of use or profit.
A few years ago we could only raise a
this table may be discussed point by box of peaches by sending to the North for
point; amended and published as a them, now we send them there, and at-a
ground-work of discussion at a subse- season when they could be got from no
quent meeting Thus, in-- timeFlorida other source. New fruits as well as new
quent meeting. Thus, in time, Florida ealsaecninal en ruh
3 vegetables are continually being brought
may have an exact system or science of into notice by our nurserymen. The size
pomology, science being no more nor is often the only redeeming quality, and
less than knowledge reduced to order, the price is fixed accordingly. With a
place where new varieties could be test-
The Georgia association takes into con- ed before their introduction among our
sideration vegetables as well as fruits, farmers and fruit growers, they would
and has an exhibit of both at its meet- most assuredly prove a great benefit and
ings, for the examination of which coin source of increased profit.
tort o We are-growing but a small portion of
mitte.s are appointed. The report te fruit that can, an] will eventually,
these committees and of the counmirt.es be i :aibed hire. It ?eems to un tihat tie
for the ten Ci-n:or'-cssioual disti'ics. the agricilLiura l ,lepaitnieit at Wasriiugton
papers read -it the t"eetings, t,., t klicu-. I might do much more in this line for our
.. .e. v. ,IState than it has done. This climate
stoas of the catail.Lue and the rvsd
nsot te catai oguue arouine bnes, j-will growv thbe products- of Egypt, Asia
catalogue, with some routine business, and Mexio, as well as of Southern Eu-
make up the published proceedings of j rope, yet many varieties of fruit and oth-
the association, a pamphlet of very great er valuable trees are growing there that
So t t b are totally unknown in this State.
value, not only to the nurserymen, but ere can never be a better time to in-
tQ the State at large. To illustrate the produce them than now. It might have
tianner in which the catalogue is dis- been.done in the past, but as it was not,
cussed, we will quote the section on we will look to the future, and "Let the
cusse, we nl qum rnesection on ....-
p ou ro b th .... We dead past bury its dead." -
pears, our report being that of 1885. We We do not care to brood over what
will explain that the word "star" refers "might have been." Our course now is
to the *'s used in the three columns of to act in the living present; and let no
the catalogue, which represent the adap- I satisfiedfeelings find place in our breasts
...... " Ias long as there remains aught that can
station of varieties to the three districts b e done to further the interests of the
of the State, no meaning iot adapted State. We shallyet hear it said of Flor-
Or not tested, one meaning well adapt- Ida's fruit trees, "'They yield their fruit
ed, iwo *'s meaning very we'T adapted: every mOnt. Are you astonished at,
this? Why, we-are not so far from it
DISCUSSION OF PEARS. now as yotu may think, and a few more
Bartlett.-Hape: Doeswell but blights, .varieties Emay leave us without a fruit-
Berckmans: All pears are subject to I, month.
.blights everVwhere I The nutmeg trie,.:e grows in the islands
Dityn D't. ev-',r a n .. o tdf tbe'aril-i-,ean Sea, as well aw in mnany
Do"venne D Ite.-Berckmanau:, U "v-d -p .". b--
its- ub-titut.ion h Ma. aet. ap rer laces I s of the wmost beau-
Doyenre D'Etce does well ith e The. Ul s well a prihe tees. We av
Margaret was found to be already in cate- l rwu in hof houses at the Noos. Itsh,
alogue, and both remained. lIannc- full of nuts and bilonms. Its
bIolr,mJioR and fi uit.-0 rtime is not stint
LeCdnte.-Hape: Does well in At- e,. TIhe Dutch triedhaid to keep this
lanta, but not as fine as specimens now 1t,'a,:I. TI,.y owned the Banda Islands.
onI exhibition. Will beat in five to eight where the tiee was first known, and
years'growth. Nelson: I have an eight- f:-tght for their ri-rhts. They once
year-ocld pear tee, and got two firit burtned thie" huge piles of nutmegs con-
pears this season. Berckmans: It ought tainiig many thou-and pounds. and
to mature for bearing in five yeais. taltso tiees. but there is a bird fouud
Jones: This and all other Ipears do ber- i all the S ,outih Sea islands called the
ter in hilly country. Mr. Bercktuans al-i ntuleg pigeon, and these nuts are their
lauded to some beautiful golden yellow tfood. Their did for the world what man
LeConte pears of Mr. Alfred Bake;'S, ihliad failed in do. They carried the gieen
which kept in Augusta till September, Uts1 tO other couuntries. and the tree
and which were quite as fineas the Bart- grew, and we can find them to-day in a
lett. The LeC'onte increase, in value as Nr-eat notion of India, as well as tile
you pick and handle it with care. It is elands of the southern sea. We have
variable, hut good, and his opinion of nrt asreitained tire degree of cold that
the LeConte had become mnore favorableti, tre-e w, stand, but think it might
with acquaintance. Mr. Sanford: The siutceed in southern Florida. Weought
reason that LeConte pears go to Nevw to have a few, if obliged to protect
York valueless is because they go them.
bruised. The trees are stripped green. There are many others we ought to
and the fruit is so badly treated that you ],are, even if we must ransack Europe,
could hear the fruit rattle in the crates Asia. and tho islands of the sea to find
over thie noise of the wagon as they vwetoe tem. How about the tea and cofT-e
tumbled into them for shipment. The plants? We are sure they never had a
people handle them likehogs would, and fair trial here. If that tea enterprise did
n-ine-tenths of the fruit is sent to market not succeed in Georgia it might in Flor-
in an improper condition. Again, tIhe ida, and with an artesian well in the
pears are often handled by commission centre to give water when needed; there
men who know nothing of them, aund this ought be tea plantations which would
is a great disadvantage. The LeConte stop the great waste of money that is
pear is a first-class fruit when handled yearly paid to the "Flowery Kingdom"
well and with care. Kinsey: I must have lievond tie sea.
a peculiar LeConte lear.'for I not only California raises millions of apricots
treat it well. hut coddle it, put itin acool ever TYear. TlomasJ enkinson, df Mus-
cellar between blankets, and after all it gel Slough. states that he gathered last
rots inside. Berckmans: I appreciate it. year l.lU) pounds of the fruit from one
-highly -when properly cared for, and tree. This. at the price thevwere retail-
want it starred in the middle region. iug at, would give$33 per tree. Healso
Kinosey: Then take one of its stars froin states that sixteen months after an apri-
the coast region. A star was added to cot pit was planted, linpe fruit was
the LeConte ter the middle region. picked from the tree. Cannot apricots
DuchessD'Angouleme.-Santord:Piof- be raised in this State as well?
itable. and catalogue should say that I There is one thing that must be done,
as a standard it is worthless, bitt does and that is to try forit; and we have faith
well grafted on the quince. So ordered. to believe that the little word try means,
New Pears.--,ieffcr. Sanford: A at least in our case, success, "The prize
-There are one hundred acres in Le-
Conte pear trees within one mile radius
of DeFuniak Springs.
. --- S.. -_ .'- .
is not gained without the dust of labor."
And that kind of dust we hope will be-
come very common.
The Farmers' Convention.
The Inter-State Convention of Farmers
which is to be held at Atlanta, Ga., on
the 16th instant, is looked forward to
with much interest by the progressive
agriculturists of the South. Many sub-
jects of grave importance will be consid-
ered, and the action of the convention
may be expected to exert an important
influence on the industrial development
of the New South. The Governor of
Florida has appointed the following dele-
gates to represent this State, and it is to
be hoped that a considerable number of
them will attend :
John Anderson of Volusia, Thomas
Bowden of Duval, J. O'C. Blount of
Polk, J. V. Brown of Columbia, E. B.
Bailey of Jefferson, P. P. Bishop of Put-
nam, R. J. Bivin of Madison, J. A. Cas-
tell of Lee, C. F. Cone of Hamilton. A.
S. Chalker of Clay, W. J. Daniel of Jack-
son, James H. Dowling of Bradford, E.
N. Dimmick of Dade, George 1. Davis of
Gadsden, M. C. Drew of Madison, B. J.
Earle of Alachua. A. L. E;i:lell.-i-r-er ,:f
Marion, George P. Fdirlbanks ,of N.=-Ju,.
John Finlayson of Jeffe.-r, F. A. Fliem.
ing of Clay, M. B. Floyd of Gadsden, E.
W. Gillen of Duval, H. B. Hines of
Jefferson, J. R. Herron of Holmes, F. A.
Hendry of Lee, R.H. Hall of AhIchua.
P. Houstoun of Leon, T. J. Jackson of
Liberty, J. R Johnson of J .iffeisoun,
William Judge of Sanfa fR.:,a, H. R.
Jones of Walton, W. E. Lopez of Lee,
John Milton of Jackson, D. H. Maiys of
Jefferson, William Miller of Washing-
ton, F. M. McMeekin of Putnam, H. G.
Mason of Alachua, F. D. Pooser of Ma-
rion, J. D. Pirrony of Calhoun, E. E.
Pratt of Hillsborough, 0. P. Rooks of
Sumter, T. J. Roberts of Leon, J. P.
Roberts of Leon, J. H. Redding of Madi-
son, William Smith of- DeSoto, J. G.
Speer of Orange, J. F. Stapler of
Hamilton, W. H. Sharpe of Brevard,
S. H. Strom of Gadsden, Solomon Sells
of Leon, H. H. Thompson of Polk,
Junius Taylor of Leon, Junius Turnbull
of Jefferson, Samuel Turnbull of Jeffer-
son, W. W. Walker of Waknlla, D. J.
Watkins of Baker, H. H. Spear of Gads-
Hints to Farmers' Clubs.
W. F. Brown, in the Country Gentle-
man, offers some suggestions which we
commend to the attention of our .read-
ers. He says:
I have written before, perhaps more
than once, about farmers' clubs, but the
subject is one' of sufficient importance
to bear frequent mention. for there is
not one club where there ought to. be ten,
and would be if all farmers knew how
much of pleasure and profit there could
be got out of them. Twelve years' ex-
perience and observation leads me to
recommend a club limited to twelve or
thirteen fiumilie, so that tle meetings
will just go iouni in a y.ar, the thir-
teenth famrilv being useful iu ?caie -f
sickness or inconvenience of entertaining
on the part of some other t'afi.U iii.
The greatest help to success in' the
work of running a-club, is a good pi po-
gramme. In fact, I have never known
a club or grange to succeed well without.
this. Some organizations prepare a pro-
gramme fronri' month to month, but we
have found it much better to prepare it a
year in advance and have it printedin
book form. In preparing our programme
three years ago, we adopted a feature
which has proved very satisfactory. We
devote two of our meetings to the read-
ing of short selections, and briefly'dis-
cuss each selection. At one of these
meetings the ladies read the selections,
and at the other the gentlemen. This
gives each member a chance to bi ing up
any question he or she would ike to
have discussed, and we never fail on
these days to have some'spicy discus-
sions, and the meetings of this kind are
always full of interest.
At our June meeting one selection
brought up tlhe question of schools and
taxing, and although tlhe selection was
aimed at the folly and danger of cram-
ruing and pushing young children in
school, incidentally the duty of parents
to the school and methods of imparting
instruction was brought out, and as at
least, half a dozen of our membersare ex-
teachers, many good hints weie given.
Two, of the selections called attention
to the home life and the folly and sin
of allowing the getting of money, and
thIe rush and push of work, tocrowd out
all that is sweet and beautiful in the
home. Another was a plea for the good
old times, or really a burlesque of them,
and as the article carried us back to the
days when thloro were no railroads, tele-
graphs, mails or turnpikes, uo papers.
no xeaperi, binders or mowing machines
-when men were imprisoned for
debt and hung for petty theft-we
began to realize how greatly favored
we were, and we heaved no sighbs for
those "good old times." Tihen an article
from Ruskin taught us that those who
enjoyed an excess of the blessingsof this
life wore thereby laid under heavy obli-
gations to their fellow men to use these
gifts for the benefit of the race. Not a
single member failed to respond when
called upon. and I know that every one
went home feeling that the day had been
Our club is scattered, the extremes be-
ing twelve miles apart; but as we are all
located on excellent turnpikes and keep
good teams, we greatly enjoy the drive,
and think this, the chance it gives us to
see the crops, one of the pleasantest fea-
tures of the day. A club of six families
might be organized-if twelve could not
be bound willing to join-and two meet-
logs a year held at each farm : and where
there are plenty of young folks in moat
of the families, six will make a livery
roomful. Try such a club for six-months,
and you will wonder before that time
how youa were ever willing to do without
R ILEY, GROVER & CO..
RLEY, GROVER A- CO..
STATE AGENTS FOR
RAIN FERTILIZER CO'S "
SOLUABLE SEA ISLAND GUANO
DISSOLVED BONE A'ND'ALKALI
AND WEOLEBALE DEALEI
FRUITS ANID P1ROD1
)82P- .. -
Get our Prices bNfore buying,,.;,'5 -. ..
]ROTYAL P&LM NURSERIES. ',- '- ,.'
JKt "_ ," ^-. - '.
MANATEE, FLORW'A. "." --: .
Rare tropical, ornamental and 'rnitlasts c.;'--
open aureaJlunr in Florida, and for the. orer.tr. _.-!
greenhouse. Alao, a. fu .lihie; 16WBtl-.tr l':Pi -. ,.- "
ireev, plants andigrassee, and general.'nurEay -
stock adapted to Florida-anj .theoSouth '-;- '*- .-. '
I Exotics from India, ata iand theo .Wc .,--'
'Indies, mauy of-themn-'ne Fbefore lnp'd.c.'% -_'_
nto the Uunted Siateo..Z..; ....e "a -,
The smit complete oriptt1V oat8al0 Ad-...
tropical sad SMnI-troyitol p1An1i6cs bl-iaclu',
SAmerica... L'taal oge mailed, post-paid, -c. ..l"a
Scelpt of 15 cents. ree to all customers .
-" 'RE SON I:RB-t.Ob-.:
-- ,-. ,Mau .-,an
-; .. .- , .,' '
Hints to Correspondents.
The readers of the FLORIDA FARMER -
AND FRUIT-GROWER are respectfully in-
vited to contribute to its columns articles
and notes on all subjects pertaining to.
the farm, garden, orchard and house-
hold affairs: The range of topics which
will be discussed in this journal maybe
.aath.red', from thie subjoined iahlt-. which
mUv c've tio sut-gi ge lihat might other-
wise escape attention : ."
Clearing land, draining land, crops f ..
new land, succession of cr-op., nte- s'..'M
farming, treatment of dftieeni toils.
irrigation, soiling vs. pasturing, cow- ..
penning, green manuring. 1
Horses.. mules, cattle, hogs, sbheep,
goats, poultry-Breeds, feed, diseases,
SPECIAL FERTILIZERS. .
Cotton seed, cotton seed meal, barn-'
yard manure, guano, ground bone, acid-
pr-phr.-tphl.tet. gypsum, limre, kainit,
t.-li-s. mirrl, VnAr'-L. leaf mould, corn-,
l,,:,>-t5. ". -
S FOR-iGE i'P.
,Bermuda, 'a;.,:nab iass-. Pairagrass-
Guinea gi'a-. T-rir.ll grants, orchard
gra-;. red-t.,pg-ras. Jo:hnrsou grass. Texas .
I-iti- girns. ,pearl mIllet. t iermai n millet,
miiIk-., taze. i;.,ffmr 1:,in tesinie. sc.rg-
hlium, fodder corb. cow peas. desnmodi-
um, Mexican chr-er, lespedeza. alfalfa,
melilotus .. :.
-.TAPLE CROPS. -
Corn, oats, rye, wheat, lice-Varieties,
yield per acre, so'l and sea-on. ditfficul-
ties encountered, g'-.nerni treatment.-l
Cotton-Long and Short Staple-Plant-
ing. and culture, marketing, manage- ,
ment of seed, products from the seed.
Sugar Cane and-Sbrghurm-Varieties,
culture, making syrup and sugar, condi- :
tion of market.
Tobacco-Varieties, history in Florida, .
recent experiences, seed, culture, manu-
factu re. FR -
Citrus Fruits-Comparison of varie-
ties, liardinessand productiveneSs,nieth-
ods of propagarin. method. of planting
and culture, rom[parative effects of fer-
tilizers, marketing of fruit, preservation
of fruit, wine and other products. -
Peach, pear, fig, persimmon. Japan
plum, Kelsey plum, native plum. mul -
erry, quince, apricot, guava, banana.
pineapple sapoilifla, mniango, avocada
pear, cocoanut. pecan, English walnut,
almond, pomegrtanate olive, grape,
strawberry, biarkberry, raspberry-Va-
rieties, effects of -o[d, weather, etc.
methods of culture.
NATIVE TfREEl AND] ERBS. '
Planting trees fur ornament or utility,
the burning over -.f forest lands, th.e
lumber and turpentine industries, th.e
t.,nning industry. pIbnomena of plant
life, week ;mAd o)xic.us plauts.
N. B.-Stincrens may besient to the
edito:'r for lentifi'ation. iuf.,'rmarion is
diesred re-pec-tirig popular nirnes and
F L('WE R tGRRDEN.
.Plaunt5 ad-.apted to tihi climate, outi .
door 'ultite. management of green-
INSECT' ENEAOES AND FUTNO't[D DIaEaSES
Nature 'f damage done and remedies.
Bes arnd bee plants, silk culture anud
the mulberry, hunting and fishing. dogs
and dog laws, fences anil roads, legisla-
tion for farmers. homestead laws. trans-
portation, marketing produce, experi-
mental farm%, agricultural education,
home manufactures, natural history
of Florida, historic points, sanitary ad-
vice, farm buildings, house furnishing,
farm machinery, farm implements, '
water supply, cooling appliances, re-
cipes for cooking, home decorations
household economy, mineral, and earths,
climatology. hits on the care of chil-
dren, on dress, habits, reading, amuse-
In, treating of the above and related -.
subjects, practical experience is much to .
be prefertnel to theoretical knowl- -
edge; yet there are topics needing dis- -:
cushion which have to be treated of
fiom a somewhat theoretical stand-
We do not desire letters written mere-
ly in praise of special localities unless
claims to favor are based on the products
or productiveness of the soil. Article's
of at animatei, or vivacious style are de-
sirable by way of variety, but practical
statements and descriptions should be
concise and as much to thIe point as pos-
All communications for the editorial
department should be addressed to
EDITOR FAaurx_ AND FRUiT-GROWER
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. AUGUST 3, 1887.
HELEN HABCOURT. Editor.
With a helping band and a Welcome for all
S Who wish to be friendly and make us a call;
S With words of good counsel for old friends and
Who come to us seeking the best way to do.
All questions of general interest will be
-answered through these columns.
Personal inquiries will be answered by mail
when accompanied by stamp for reply.
Subserlfbr- ar.s cordially Invited to take a
seGaL in inur'.,:v Corner, and exchange views,
e, e'iiri'-t--" .nd recipes of mutual benefit.
Helpye one another."
: Communications Intended for publication
S must be brief.'clearly written, and only on
-one side of the paper. .
All -matter relating to this department
should be addressed to
EDITOR OUR HOME-CIRCLE,
Fla. Farmer and Fruit-Grower,
_- Montclaii, Fla.
S Our Cosy Corner.
SOME WAYSIDE BEAUTIES.
I believe it is a faci, though I admit it
reluctantly, that Florida i, deficient in
choice wild flowels. But if shie doesn't
show u:as gorgeoIus an airay as %e ex-
S pected, she certainly mak esup in quan-
tity and constancy hat. she may lack in
quality, &nd niter five years' residence
here. with flowers continually about the
door. I positive-ly dread to think to.w
dreary life would be with dovis closed,
and flowers annihilated for four or rive
monthsevery year. And so. if we can-
nOr- t go about our woods and gather
Sthe lovely azallas and dog-tooth violets
-we loved in old tGeorgia, let us -.ec what
Swe can find, and learn to love them as
well as thle other old favorite-.
S We find here two flowers that florists
have cultivated for ye:ts and made fa-
miliar to most horme-that is the yellow
lantana, growing luxuriantly all about
the pine lands, and bloom the entire
year; and tite other the beautiful scarlet
ipomopsis. or standing cypress, which
-- we find swaying its stately plumes in the
: greatest perfection and abundance from
S* mid June to late September. If I might
S' : dare paraphraS.e Longfellow's lovely
S "maidenhod.'" I should describe it as
S- "Staiding with dainty feet, where the
pines tnd hammocks mret." for it is
along their borders only that it delights
; .-to grow. As an accompaniment to this
glowing beauty we have the gall-berry
in its delicate "tint.. of white an,'cai-
mine; this is a lovely ihrub. and deserves
a place in every ya-d for the sake of its
flowers, though the bush in its wild
state is rather a rugged grower.
A pretty shrub. but whi'hi seems to
bave been completely overlooked, is the
wild rosemary. it. ha; no bloom. but its
fine. .:ut. juniper-like foliage and eo:m-
pact form of growth make it very orna-
mental in the yard, either .ein.ly :ir in
brrders along ite carriageway: it is also
Another shribbY plant is the (hero-
kee bean, wi.:h tihriwv- up its spikes of
rich, crim-:un flwelt, wtirh cardinal
,.alyx and stamens fr.:.mui January till
Mqy. Tili; plant aIlz, i:, t ..i.icd-: rhe- beau-
tiful littl-e c.iali bests.E, which are ripe iu
July an-i later, and m-ike pretty orna-
ment- for children andl ni-es. Then
there is a winter blo:.nier whicli has ex-
quisite little spikes of deliLate white and
pink-tinted floweri-, with a mignonette
fragrance that ii very lovely. Tlhe plant
is low-creeping. with finely cut t'oliage
and uch qijiantitle .of the pale, fair,
flowers that thie pine w-.ood seem corm-
pletely carpet,-d with it all the fail, anl-
winter, to,,, unless a "'frlez-'" ctme-s a
Sit o,--asionaliv does.
B ut editters like brevity. I know. and
:: mentioning onlv a few of our creepers.
I will close. There are two or thiee lit-
-o tiecreepers here that are really exupiiite
S- and deserve special mention, I think.
Two oft' them Le'onc to tile pea family.
and art cr,- he found trailing, aill about
over the ground, with dark-ireen. com-
pound leaves very similar to tbe old hun-
dred leaf tosi-e, except that they have
rather a velvety appearance. The flow-
eirs are exquisite, sniall. pea-shbriped
blooms, one'a lovely-" pink and thie other
almost a crimson. iThey 1-bear seed in a
pea-like pod. andi make a lovely appear-
ance trained over a small trellis or droop.
ing from a hanging basket. The other is
a vine, running but a few feet in length.
with a light-green leaf, parted into three
lobes. Its flowers are an exquisite shade
of lavender, aud quiteas la,-gea. a silver
half dollar. It is if quite unusual form
ani hiard] to describe, teiugsomething of
a double pea flower. I think I know of
no small climber that gives such fine
flowers. but it is very hard to find the
seed from it, and almost impossible to
transplant it. MRS. C. W. R.
WVe would that our fair Florida wild
flowers had more.auch appreciative
friends as our correspondent above.
Many less observant would have passed
these more humble by with scarcely a
glance: yet- for we know them well.
they are worthy of notice and of love.
The most Ibrilliant are not always the
The Calf Question.
And now as to that other "dairy im-
plement" we promised to tell about. The
cow was the first and biggest of tile lot;
the calf cones "'next best." for
"'"Grest k' (F'or-i title a-.-.-ri_ I-rn',w '
-, 5Ar.- c,:,is drom litlec-aire.i, ire know!
So we must needs treat, the "'young
"* '- shoots" respectfully, and do our very
best for them, from disinterested mo-
tives, of course.
Understand that-what we have to say
applies to good cows and good calves.
that are- worth treating like well-to-do.
---- respectable citizens-not like tramps or
As sion as the young stranger appears
.--5. 't should be taken away from its mother
-- ,- .-nd placed in-a dark toom or stall, and
". ": :ue netiher kept in" another place, where?
-- ...* "-zbew"il -be cool. comfortable and have
':--,- .- l -ni.ty.0f ootDr. Let us here remark, in
-- -: raising, that.she-should be "dry" about
;-.: -: ir weeks beforec.lving, and should be
-.* .- .- '-..:in rather than. fat, but. after she is
f-"7' -: i.esh.egive he=for the first few weeks
'J'--s l '." .Jlshe'caniear.-- ".-- "-
'.:"--; --.- :' -_After= placing the calf in its dark
er-Ji, r .-$.=-= -: .-:--- -- ... .- -. .
room, leave it alone for twelve hours, ifI
it has sucked-its mother before removal;!
if not, it mus-t be fed before you leave it.
Take some of the colustrom (the first
milk of the dam), put it into a pint bot-
tle that has a nipple-:-a baby's rubber
slipped over a cork with a hole in it. The
calf will suck it readily enough.
For two days feed the stranger with
this bottle three times a day, at stated
periods, only three pints a day, you see,
for it does not do to overload the infant's
stomach. After these first two days,
place the milk in a wooden bucket, in-
creasing the quantity gradually. Put
your right forefinger in the milk, then
in the calf's mouth and lower it slowly
into the bucket; after repeating this
performance two or three days, it will
help itself to the milk, and you have
.only to hold the bucket.
Now, these directions for feeding the
calf during its earliest infancy, are "old
style," and apply to those who cannot
avail themselves of the new inventions
that have come to the aid of the calf and
its owner in this matter.
There are regular "calf feeders".to be
had now.a dav s-:-.ne that floats on top
of the pail, a rubber nipple standing up-.
right in the centre of a float, so that the
calf sucks the milk upward, just as
though tlw mother were lying on her
back with her heels in the air for the ac-
commodation of her offspring. It is
rather an upsetting of nature's ways,
but the calf takes kindly to its queer
foster mother, and never perceives that
she is standing on her head. The cost of
-this calf feeder is only fifty cents. Of
course the bucket must be held by hand,
or better still, set inside a heavy box,
cut to fit, so that the calf- cannot up-
There is another calf feeder, however,
that we like much better, for it is not
only less 1 rouhlesome, but. follows nature
more closely, and delights the calf by
allowing it to use its favorite method of
love taps to its heart's or stomach's con-
tent. The calf feeder never exclaims:
'.but me no buts."
It was on exhibition at the recent dairy
and cattle show, and the New York Rec-
ord describes it so well tWat we cannot
do better than quote from it:
S"It is one of those inventions that
seem so simple and so obvious that we
wonder why it wasn't invented years
ago. It is simply a metallic vessel of
sufficient capacity' for a single feed, fas-
tened at a natural height' so as to be
easily detached for. cleaning. On thd
under part is a flexible teat of rubber, so
arranged that, while it will not leak, it
yields the liquid readily to the milking
action of the calf. The little animal
Scat-,h.e on' at once, and at a single les-
son. It is a perfect substitute for nature,
as thle calf gets-his food gradually in the
natural way, stimJultiug ithie s.crieting
of the digesting juices and ptom,-ting
the heIalth Land gion-th of the animal.
These re.-ults are precluded by the drink-
ing meti-hod, and all sports of stomach
tiotul-les tIrlow the rapid gulping of
-The vessel is very strongly built, and
will itlaud any anc,,unt of the pe.-nuliar
pertiasioi sv.inichI i1e inrt irct :,of the cald
lIeaIs it to adtiinister. The rubber teat
is easily anui cheaply renewed, costing
but twenty-five ci-nis each. The device
is guaranteed to give satisfaction inevery
.Rather better tlhan the bottle and finger
and splahing but,-ket, is it not?
There is one point that must not be
overlooked-it is not only important, but
imperative, unless you are willing to
see youii cailt pine and waste away from
that insidious disease, the scours.
The milk must be warm always. Never
mind if, the weather is warm, and you
may think it foolish to warm the milk.
Remember that it is summer time always
in that calf's stomach; its thermometer
mars "-bloodt hat,'" and if the milk it
swallows is not blood warm, it gives it a
shock that is sure -to upset the delicate
system, and hurt its feelings.
After the first three weeks add a little
bran and warm water to the milk; in
another week a little nice, clean hay
may be added, the quantity being grad-
ually increased. -
Keep a lump of salt where thec Llf can
lick it at will, and rutb its skin frequently
with your hand: this is not only neces-
sat 1 i its health, but. will help to'make
it gentle and familiar with handling.
A few word-s now as to the mother.
She will make milk rapidly at first,
and in order to keep the. bag free and
clear milk her tliee or four times day.
Rub her bag gently with your hand. and
grease it also. Iun forty-eight hours the
milk can be used as usual. The New
York State law says thiity-six hours, hut
the longer period is safer.
We gratefully acknowledge our in-
delbtedness for the above details of
the treatment of calf and dam to our
well known Florida Jersey breeders,
Schrader Brothers, of the Waverly Stcock
Farm, Tallahassee. whose advertisement
has appeared in our columns for some
We shall have something to say about
the best dairy utensils next week.
Answers to Correspondents.
Mrs. E. J.. Hart's Road, Fli.: An-
swered by mail 11th July. Application
for hoy on file.
S.J. 0.. Lakeland, Fla.: Answered by
mail of 2d July.
J, 0., Evergreen, Fla.: Application
for girl received and placed on file.
The Family Friend.
The guava Is a fruit that is not usually
liked at first, by those unaccustomed to
its taste and peculiar smell. With re-
gard to the latter an amusing story is
told of a Northerner who some years
ago, when Florida and her fruits were
but little known, visited our State.
He arrived during the guava season,
and a goodly store of that fruit was
stowed away under cover in thi wagon
which conveyed him to his final destina-
tion .. "
.-He soon: began to look around and
sniff the air.- He looked up and down,
here, there and everywhere, but could
see no suspicious object; moreover, he no-
ticed that the odd perfume continued all
the while, and concluded its cause must
be in the wagon. *
"Driver," said he, "what is that most
horrible smell? It seems to be here."
"-Oh, ahl yes-that's guavas, in that
The stranger cast a horrified glance
behind him, and asked:
"How long have they been dead?"
Well, there is no denying the fact that
they have a pretty strong odor of their
own, but, after one gets used to it, it be-
comes far from unpleasant-unless over-,
ripe fruit is shut up in a close room,
then, indeed, on opening the door the
uninitiated is apt to exclaim:
"Whew! Cats!" -
But by and by, when one gets used to
the odd perfume of the guava, its real
worth is appreciated, and the taste for
it, like "acquired tastes" in general, be-
comes very strong,.
We know of persons who once viewed
the "apple of the far South" with hor.
ror, who are now ready to declare the
guava, out up for the table with sugar
and cream, superior to the luscious
peach, and the baked guava better -than
We have been out rambling' among
ourn guava bushes; large an-d thrifty are
they, but, alas, Jack Frost shirk ed their
sensitive natures last winter, and "niver
a one" guava have they borne. It is a
sight to vex the soul-over two hundred
barren bushes. Well. well, "better luck
We did not come back empty-handed,
however, but gathered up a budget of
choice recipes, that others more fortunate
than ourself may find useful.
We will add that the recipe for guava
jelly was given by request in our issue
of April 6th, but as Our Home Circle has
largely extended its circumference since
then, we repeat it for the benefit of the
new comers: .
S GUAVA JELLY.
Made by the the following recipe, it is
clear and beautiful, as crab apple or
quince jelly, and varies in color from a
pale amber to a light claret, according
to the varieties of the fruit. .
Either the parings or the whole fruit
(ripe, but not too ripe) may be used. It
is .a good plan when preparing guavas
for the table--like peaches, eaten with
sugar and cream-to put the skins into
a small kettle, with the centres of the
fruit, containing a majority of the seeds,
and make jelly of them, a few glasses at
a time, as the guava jellies best in small
Put just enough water in the kettle to
keep the fruit from burning before the
juices are extracted. Let it boil for an
hour or more until well cooked; then
strain through a rather coarse bag; do
not squeeze itat all, or if you do. strain
it again through a fine cloth: Measuie
tlie jnuice, let it boil a few minutes, then
add" granulated ingar hot, as rerom-
mended in a recent number, one and a
half measures it) each one of the juice;
also the juice of onr i.-'r two lecmous;
skim carefully, watch closely, and the
rumt-meut it falls in slow, heavy drops, re-
move it. and place in glasses.
OUAVA PA-'E-THE ""JELLY" OF OOM-
Twelve pounds of fruit, not pared,
eight pounds of sugar. To each pound
of sugar add one gill of water ionegiil'is
eight tablespoonfuls), let it boil until the
syrup is clear and almost ready to candy
-in other words, until it falls in slow,
thick drops from the spoon.
Meantime, boil the guavas until they
are very soft and tender, then rub them
through a sieve, and boil again until the
mass is smooth and thick, then add the
hot syrup and let them boil up together;
try the mixture by dropping some in
cold water; if it solidifies, it is all ready
for the cups or boxes.
GUAVA SWEET PICKLE.
Eight pounds of fruit, three pounds of
sugar, one pint of vinegar, one ounce
each of whole mace, cinnamon and
Heat the vinegar with the sugar, and
spices; then put in the guavas. They
must notbe too soft, but neither hard
nor green; keep the skins on if decired
-they aie not so liable to break upas
SLet them boil steadily, but not hard.
until the-guavas are ihoroughly cooked
These sweet pickles are delicious, and
ready for use in a few days.
If the pickle should at any time show
signs ot fermenting, pour t off the vine-
gar, heat it to the boiling point, and pour
it. back on the fruit.
4t UAVA MARMALADI..
Pare the fruit and cut in pieces, throw-
ing the skins, containing the bulk of
the seeds, into the preserving kettle, and
the outer cuttings into another.
Put both on to boil, with just enough
water to keep them from scorching, un-
til the juice begins to draiu out.
As soon as the skins and centres are
thoroughly stewed and softened, squeeze
them through a bag,, or rutb thri:,ugh a
sieve, and add the seedless mass to that
in the other kettle.
Then weigh the contents of the latter.
and add a scant half pound of sugar to
eacli pound of fruit. Boil until of the
Keep the skins on. core them with an
apple core,-, set them in a rather deep
pan, and then push inside a small piece
of the core, so as to fill up the bottom;
then fill up the centres with sugar, put a
very little water in the pan, and bake as
you would apples.
Guava. are also excellent sliced and
sugared for the table, like peaches. If
prepared an hour or two before wanted
for use, they will be juicy and improved
in flavor. *
An excellent wine has been made of
guavas. We have seen it at our Stare
fairs, but have failed to obtain a reliable
"Who of our many readers can furnish
tested directions .for making guava
Our Young Folks' Corner.
ITS STANDING OFFER.
A. nice picture book each month to the boy
or girl who sends us the largestlistof sufscrib-
ers for "TE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-
GROWER". during that month.
A beautifully bound copy of the famous
children's magazinee St. Nicholas, to the boy
or girl whe sends us the largest number of
subscribers during six months.
Write us letters descriptive of places, things
or doings;. write us on one side the page; give
The best letter received will be published
Now go to work and see who wins.
A TALK ABOUT BATS.
Tbere are some creatures in this queer
w.r1i-1 of :,ouis tait -eem to be set apart
iv c.uncmon o-,n-uent to bepersecuted and
hunte.d, -.ind coiitlpicu:tous among these
are the p,, littleb.lts, which sometimes
strayv ntV our lh.uiise, meaning no harm
ani d:i.uoii, ue. b:,ut rather the contrary,
as our big cousin, Uncle Doctor, told us
last week. '
Hoiw ~i it, I woud-r, that as ,.oon as
that ptecunliar ..ott flutter of litlOfry
wings i lieaid ir. a room. the tiuiid folks
all run andI -cream. throw Zhawls ior
towel cr ha nL.I kerchiefs C,' er their lea-,].
and the Ibraverione. atrm themselves with
brooms and sticks, and mercilessly pur-
sue the frightened little trespasser to its
Isn't it silly and cruel? I think it is
both. But I think I can tell you how
the idea that bats are dangerous and
will bite came to be spread abroad,
though where those other ridiculous
fancies came from-that they will cling
to your hair if they get a chance, and
are covered with vermin, that will drop
on you-is more than I can say, except
that, like many other false ideas, they
sprang up among the ignorant, and still
live in days when even the children
ought to know better.
Those poor little bats are no more anx-
ious to get into your hair than you are
to have them there, and they ,have no
more insectson them than your chickens,
perhaps not so many. .
But why some, nay, most people, ate
afraid of.bats and try to kill them, is be-
cause, long, long ago, terrible stories
used to be told of one of their family,
the vampire bat, which lives in South
It was said that this bat, whose body
and tail together measured only six
inches, and its wings two feet across,
would'- come and gently fan with its
wings an unconscious sleeper, until the
refreshing coolness sent him into a very
sound slumber, and then it would insert
its needle pointed teeth in his feet and
spock his blood, fanning its victim all the
while. Then it would disgorge the
blood, after taking all it could, and fill
itself up again. aud so keep on, until,
when oayiight came, only a bloodless
crp'-e was left t10 tell what -had hap-
This story was believed for maiy years
-in fact, is still believe-l: by the more
ignorant people. an-I it is the lingering
effect of fir'.t impressions that makes
wiler peioplie .till hate p,-,-r little:bati.
There is some truth at the bottom of
thle ctory about the vampire, though.
They really do: love blood, aud when they
find some careless person asleep, with
his feet uncovered, they make a tiny in-
cision in his toe and suck the blood; but
these bite, are never serious, much le-ss
fatal. They bite h,:,rses and cattle, too,
au-l the latter, poor things, often come
home from the pastures in the morning
with their backs and shoulders covered
with blood from vampire bites.
But just as one member of a family
may be cruel and another, exactly the
opposite, so it is with the bat family,
and our persecuted friend is really aS
friend instead of an enemy. He would
eat up our enemies, if we would allow
SHave you ever noticed how quickly
and softly the bat flits from one spot to
another, even when ignorant giant bi-.
peds are not hunting him?
In antd o-u.t, bheie and there, never strik-
ing anything. He can see in the dark,
to be sure. but that is not all the reason.
If- his eyes were put out, he would fly
just as well as before.
A great naturalist unioticed the wonder-
ful ease and tiecision of the flight of
these curious animals, and made experi-
ments on tLhem. Putting strings across
a laige apartment here and] there, he set
free a ba,.anutd found that, though the
room was perfectly dark, it never once
struck the strings, even when he pur-
posely frightened it. Then he set free a
Olind bat among the same strings, and
found that what he had suspected was
true, and that it was not in thesiglit, but
in the peculiar sensitiveness of the wings
that the power lay of avoiding collisions.
for this blind bat no more struck the
strings than did the other., with its full
SNow, thisone thing ought tobeenough
toshowv people that the little creature
-they attack is in no danger of fastening
to their hair, because it don't want to go
thereand knows how to steer clear of
Another tunny thIng about batsJi the
way they go to sleep. How would you
like to hatig yourself up by your toes,
aud sleep with your head down?
The little bat likes it, though, and that
is the way he hangs himself up on a
wall or tree when he "is tired and sleepy,
He likes it, because he has only to
spread his wings and loose his hammock
hooks-his hinder toes, I mean-and
there he is. afloat at once.
He is a splendid climber, but he does it
in much the same way that he sleeps-
upside down. He goes up a wall like a
fly, hooking his curved hind claws into
every rough place or projection. When he
starts to climb, he raises his body against
the tree or wall lie means to scale, and
then up he goes, tail flst. He dtver
likes to fly from the ground, but would
rather climb till high enough to cast
loose in the air.
Well, this is enough of bats for the
present Next week (unless some one else
comes in and I have to go and sit down
in the Corner) I will tell you about a bat
that was tamed by a little girl.
Suited to the Soil and Climate of
SGrown and for Sale at
SAN LUIS AND MNDALUIA
E. DUBOIS, Manager.
Send for Catalogue and order early. Send, also,
for Price List of
JAPAN CLOVER AND TURF' GRASS.
(Lespedesza stiata and .-:,'-, *t',.I.i;.:'.' it. 1
Illustrated and describe] In FL-:-.PiA Fmnusa
IAND FRUIT GROWER. .
Supplied at 61 00 per ihoesand,
.'T:K. 0ODBEY. Waldo. Florida.
,~ TA NTED.
A tenant who understmr-ds tib rearing and
shipment of garden truck and i ut, to cultivate
a large farm and orange groves on shares. Best
of hammock land and an annual product o-
about 100,000 oranges A man with two or threc
boys large enough and not afraid to work c:in
hear of a rare chance by application to the un-
dersigned, at Manatee, Fla.
References required. J. H. VISER.
R, N. ELLIS, C. E. A. X. MCCLuRE, Architect.
Architects & Civil Enlinp ors,
HOTELS, PtBLIC & PRIVATE BUILD-
INtUS, SANITARY ENGINEERING, &c.
P 0. ox 784. Rooms 7 and 8 PalmettoBlock
Genuie waslngtOR ana-0blee Imperl Navls
Order Now if you wish to be in time.
We offer for Fall and Winter Delivery a choice
lot of GENUINE WASHINGTON NAVELS,
Also, the VILLA FRANOA, beat and hardiest of
Lemon. Also, Early Spanieh, Jaffa, Majorca,
Malta Oval, and nearly all varieties of Orange,
Lemon and Lime. We also offer for the
first time to Florida orange growers the
DOUBLE IMPERIAL NAVEL, .
Most Prolific Navel known, and the
ATWOOD'S SEEDLESS NAVEL.
KEDNEY & CAREY.
Winter Park, Orange County, Fla
Bees and Queens.
)Ordlrs willl L. bo.o-d .ow for dliljvry dur-
,in, April, May ror Juine, of my euptrlor ra.ce
of pure .
S Italian Boos aid 118ii 0S.
' Queenst by mall a special. T
. .' .. ^ '. :# -
Give me a liriai order -
For prices or other'information, address
SH. C. HART,
Eustis, Orange Co., Fla.
iississigi Valliy Poultr Yaris,
J. FLETCHER HURLEY, Prop'r,
Breeds Prize Winning
Plymouth Rocks, Wyandottes, Brown
Leghorns and Bronze Turkeys.
GOOD FOWLS FOR SALE AT ALLTIMES.
EGGS IN SEASON. .
Won all the leading Prizes at the
North Mississippi Poultry Show at
Water Tal ley. Feb. 9 to 12, 1887.
Farmers 'wishing to improve their stock can
get SPEOLCL BAGAINS of me. I also sell a
Poultry Journail and Books at Reduced Prices.
send for Catalogue and Price List, free; or
write for wants.
SPlease menhiori tbIs paper.
Faucy Poultry .anl muntin Dogs,
Eggs For Hatching From Leading Va-
rieties of Domesticated Land
and Water Fowl.
___1-S Em- 13-
AlsoThoroughbt-red YoungSetlersand Hounds.
Address VILLA Za.ZA POULTRY YARDS,
and the most completed
FROM ITS OWN CORRESPONDENTS.
from all the Lea1;ug- Citi.- of the- Umon, dar-
- in e tre s ,-s n, are tn.61,t-enDabie t6 ei"ry
Pruit Gr,.werl anri ar- worth to each one.
who ba i ,aly 'ma-i twe-nrty times
tme p'rt u of the paper." It
are aL t.ail an- (Oct.ilete.
One Year. 610. Six I Monlhs,$.5. Three
'Ionths.82.50. One Montli, 81.
RO .1, WTEEKL1 TIES
EIGHT PAGES-. -
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Nurseries of the Milwaukee-Florida Orange Co.
DU NED IN, HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY, FLORIDA.
W, m.ke a specialty of the distinctive va-ietles of Citrus Nursery Trees, such as Double
Imperial, Riv-ride i'buds personally selected by a member of our Company In Caliornial, and
WashingIto, Naris, Maltese Blood, Hart's TardLff, Du Rol. jaffa, Stark's Seedless, Tangerine,
etc. In Lemon we hare ViUa Franca, Belair Premiunm, Sicily Genoa and Eureka. Also, Tahiti
Limet. Peaches iBidweU's Early, etc.), PliumB, White Adriatic FIJri3, etc., etc.
Ou Stock Is large and complete, thrifty and clean. Catalogue free on application.
Address, A. L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedm, Fla.
CHURCH ANDERSON & CO.,
JACoEKSONTrILiEj,. -:FijA- -
PRODUCE AND COMMISSIQ MERCHANTS,
w-. .- .- .:.- *
DEALERS IN GARDEN AND FIELD SEEDS. -
We are now prepared to fumih b "
FRESH TURNIP AND CABBAGE SEEDS.: ,..
f .- .*"
In any quantity desired, and as the seaseoliadvances .*1l" have j.fIWll supply of ...::.
all seeds used in'.thi.s oliiate. -
Catalogue sent free on ipplicatdfi0 .-.--
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FOR THE PEOPLE.
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A 8PEOIAL TELEtMAPUIC SERVICE
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. AUGUST 3. 1887.
Inqulrles concerned diseases of domestic
nlmals may be addressed to Dr. D. 0. Ltyon
Jacksonville, Florida, who will answer them
through this column.
DR. D. 0. LY-o: I wish to ask for a
cure for ringbone in a horse. I under-
stand the knot cannot be taken away or
reduced. Can the animal be cured so he
will. not limp. Your'answer through
the FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROW-
eR will greatly oblige,
Yours truly, W. F. WHITE.
DuNEDIN, July 12,1887.
ANSWER: The soreness can sometimes
be'removed by using a blister on the
part, but the enlargement cannot be re-
moved. Apply the following blister:
Cerate of cantharides, 1 oz.
Red iodideof mercury, 2 dr.
Vaseline, 1 oz.
SWash the part clean, and after drying
clip off the hair and apply thie ointment.
Let the horse have absolute rest for six
days, and then make a second applica-
tion and give six days more rest. Tie
the horse during the action of the blister
so that he cannot bite the part. The
ointment is very poisonous and must be
handled with care.-D. 0. L.
a The following veterinary matter, taken
from Farm and Home, may be of inter-
est to owners of horse flesh:
Give cure for heave_ in herses..-R. C. P.
Wet all food, and do rnot feed clover
hay, or hay that is all dusty. Feed four
times a day instead of three, the quan-
tity of food given in the four feedings
remaining the same as now given in
three. Add to each feed one tea cup of a
mixture of line water and linseed oil, and
do not use.the horse to work within one
hour of feeding. See that the teeth are
in good order. The lime water may be
prepared at home by slacking a piece of
lime in some wooden vessel, pouring the
mixture into a bottle and letting it set-
'tle. The clear fluid should be poured off
as often as wanted for use, and the bot-
tle refilled. This treatment is palliation
WHITES. lecting the cheaper foods he may have a
A mare has the whites very badly, stronger ration at less cost. The follow-
At intervals she will,emit more than a ing formula will be good:
quart in a day and then not in such
large quantities, but she will then bloat Albumi- Cam-bo-
up and look like a mare in foal. Her 91oi&. hydrates.. .at.
lbs. lbs. lbs.
age is 12 years. I have taken her to 4 lbs. clover hay............ 0.28 1.52 0.05
- stallion twice, but to no use.-D. M. 8 lbs. timothy hay......... 0.46 3.87 0.11
Give one drachm of Fowler's solution 6 lbs. rice meal............. 0.52 2.83 0.52
4= lbs. corn bran ............ 0.25 2.20 0.14t
of arsenic twice daily in the drinking wa- 2 lbs. wheatn bran......... 0.20 0.98 0.06
ter.: After one week give the same dose 4 lbs. cottonseed meal... 1.82 0.71 0.24
thrice daily. -Stop the medicine during. ---
the fourthweek, renewing again and giv- Total.................... 3.03 11.61 1.12
ing as before during the succeeding four This has a nutritive ratio of 1 to 47,
weeks. Give three times daily, and and costs less than his ration. There is
mixed with the feed, a powder contain- a large proportion of oil in this ration,
ing dried sulphate of iron two drachms, but not so much as to be objectionable.
powdered gentian and ginger, of each The rice meal is as good or better than
four draeLms. Wash out the vagina the chdp. The decorticated cottonseed
twice daily with warm water, following meal is as good as the pea meal, and
the operate ion each time with an injection costs $8 per ton less. The timothy and
of one pint of a solution of sulphate of clover should both be cut and moistened,
zinc, two grains to each ounce -f the so- and. the rice meal, corn bran, wheat
lution. Inasmuch as the discharge may bran and cottonseed meal should be well
come in part from the uterus, you will mixed together, dry, and then mixed
do well to. call a veterinarian, as the with the moistened cut hay and given in
cavity of that organ should be washed three feeds, smallest at noon. This ra-
out, an operation which you can hardly tion ought to keep the cows healthy, but
undertake, it is most important that all the feed
CHANGE OF BIT. should be well mixed.-Country Gentle-
I have a Black Hawk mare, five years man.
old, that with one exception, I have-con- --- -e- --
sidered about perfect. For nearly a year Sheep Husbandry.
she has pulled on one rein very hard.
This pulling was very unpleasant for The following paragraphsaregathered
the one driving: I had the mare's teeth from the Times-Democrat:
filed by a veterinarian twice, thinking the BREEDS FOR THE SOUTH.
trouble was caused by the teeth, but it P tical sheep farmers know that
'did little or no good. A -month agoI Practical sheep farmers know that
put in a straight rubber-covered bit by there is a material difference between
accident, and to my surprise he mar e sheep farming in the North and sheep
drove perfectlystraight and even. Since herding in the South. Our climate being
thove straigtlhitwasiandIhaven.hadinoewarm. 'stock need a larger range.
the straight bit was in I have had no teance the most successful shepherds
trouble and the mare has shown no in-nfid te moset suce sstf sheers
clinaion:to pull. I had previously use find a cross between the native(whose
a joint bit.-A. G. tSharp. characteristics are a small carcass and
short and coarse wool) and the merino,
Caikreef H sesin of medium weight and very fine wool, io
C;are of Horses in Summer. I be the most profitable when wool is tihe
The American Humane As-icciation object. Pure bred Southdowns, which
presents the followinguggesticin relative are the mutton breed par exellence,-
to the care of horses during the heated produce medium grade short fleeces.
eie t:he Went O uni o hen the latter aregraded upon natives
ivge te horse frequent opportunity to the product, is a very hardy, good mut-
quench thirst at times when not too ton heep with fleeces of medium qual-
much o,'er-heated and before eating. To ity.
drink freely immediately after eating CCOARSE; lv,'eED BREEDS.
prevents a favorable digestion of food. Theseare the Cotsawold, Lincoln and
Provide shade. How instinctively we other breeds. Thy'ao.re of extra heavy
seek tLe shadow when the sun is pour-gweight, wol cebarse and long and
ing its hot rays on the dry and patrching known to the trade as combing wools -
earth. If the pasture is not provided The psre breeds do not stand our
with shade trees in a convenient locality. climate; they suffer from the cold winds
set four, six or eight supports. across and rains of'winter and earlyspring, and
which place straw or grass, and thus, the second season that we have upon
in a -brief time and with little labor, the authority of practical sheep men)
make a shade in which animals can rest enerallv kills them off. They thrive
from the heat of the suon, to the great much better in the North, where they
comfort of themselves and benefit to are sheltered, than in the South.
Remove the harness from thehorses in PROTEcrION FROM ANIeMALS.
the bot day whenever you deire to give Mr. Alexander Gardiner, Long Island,
them a full, free rest, and once during while he will ot certify that goatspro-
the day, preferably at night, a thorough vent daughter, avers that during the
currying and grooming will not only several years he has kept goats among
give rest. but will do about as much to- his fa ock, numbering about 150 sheep.
ward improving the animal'sa condition dogs have not disturbed them. Previous
as will the oars. to the introduction of the goats, al-
Examine the harness on your work- though he tried bells and other devices
ing team and you will discover that to frightent the dogs, his sheep were fre-
blinds;, check reins and cruppers are quently destroyed, but never since he
simply torturing contrivances serving no kept the goats.
miseful purpose. Take them all off for Oreat care must be taken in the lamb-
the convenience of yourself and comfort ing season to prevent hogs and buzzards
of the horse. Keep the stable well veii- from eating the newly born lambs. An-
tilated and free from the strog ammo- other attendant or twoat this period will
nia. which is injurious to theeyes. As- amply repay the extra expense. Where
sist the animals to protect themselves the Lespedeza grows sheep prosper. It
against flies, feed regularly, hitch in the is one of the most valuable plants ever
shade, and remember that the care discovered for sheep farmers.
which will 'give comfort to the lower
animals will make them doubly profita- Clay or Leasy ioaui soils, tilled to the
ble to their owners, aside from the hu- depth of a foot. or more, will hold three
minane bearing upon the subject, or four times as much rain as unde- the
a shallow cultivation they get usually, and
-When grass hasattained its fullgrowth the effect will be to make them corre-
,that is the time to cut, and that period is spondingly less susceptible to the baleful
before seed is fully developed. I. influences of drought.
Protecting Horses from Flies.
The Farming World, of Edinburg, says:
Horses suffer great annoyance from flies
in summer time, not having long tails
like cattle to reach every part of their
body; and wherever any artificial sore
may be present, the flies are sure to find
it out. We are often asked to recom-
mend any method of obviating the hot
season. Nets, no doubt, do so to a cer-
tain extent, but they are, on the other
hand, the cause of extra heat, and often
of irritation. Besides, nets are not
available for horses at grass.
As a hair wash for horses to keep off
flies we have found a solution of walnut
leaves very satisfactory. It is made
thus:-Having gathered a good handful
of walnut leaves, let them simmer in a
pint of water for about three hours.
Then pour off the liquid, bottle it, and
before horse goes out, with a sponge
damp his. head, ears and other parts
most affected by the flies, carefully avoid-
ing all white patches on the horse, on ac-
count of the dye. Of course the solu-
tion can be strengthened by adding more
leaves or less water as required. If prop-
erly made, flies will never come near
the smell of the liquid, although' it is
very slightly if at all, perceptible to us.
The effect of once damping the hair will
last for a considerable time, but not for
a whole day.
Horses may also be protected, in a great
measure, at least in the wa v alri-eadly rec-
ommended for cattle, by wiping them
all over with a sponge dipped in soap
suds, in which a little carbolic acid has
been mixed. .
I am troubled here -latterly with gar-
get or swelling of the udder among my
dairy cows. They-are well stabled and
groomed, but I think food too heating.
Below you will see food I have given
them : Rice flour 640 lbs. ($12 per ton),
chops 800 lbs. ($19), corn bran 400 lbs.
($15), wheat bran 800 lbs. ($19), cotton-
seed meal 400 lbs. ($22), pea meal 420
lbs. ($80), well mixed. I feed twice a
day 8 lbs. above mixed feed and 24
Ibs. cut clover hay,,with all the timo-
thy hay they will er6f. L. S.
Charleston, S. .. -
L. S.'s ration, is fairly balanced, as a
milk ration, but all the hay fed should
bmix ed w ,-ith-, roul feed. l and vsen-
POULTRY IN ORCHARDS.
How TWo Industries may be
Editor .tlorida Farmer and P-uit-Grower:
I have read articles from time to time
in the FORMER AND FRUIT GROWER, as
also in other Florida papers, in regard to
the raising and keeping of poultry, the
benefits to be derived, etc., but to my
mind, the greatest profit to the orange
grower has been lost sight of, or noticed
only as a secondary consideration, and
the selling of eggs and chickens the first.
,While I admit, from personal experi-
ence, that poultry, well cared for, will
pay good ret irns, even in chickens and
eggs, still it may be made to pay much
more in another way. Some five or six
years ago a neighbor conceived the idea
of fertilizing his orange grove by the
keeping of ckickens in it. So he raised
large numbers and kept them confined
in a small enclosure without a green
thing to eat, no shell for their use, and
the consequence was they became dis-
e sed, tried to eat each other, And, after
injuring some of his orange trees by al-
lowing too many chickens to remain
constantly under them, he sold his poul-
try and abandoned the attempt in dis-
Now there is a right way as well as a
wrong way to do everything, and failure
is almost certain unless the right way is
pursued in keeping and caring for poul-
try, as with anything else. That I have
been successful, I attribute to the fact
that I have hit upon the best way, or the
way to obtain the best results from a
About five years ago I determined to
experiment with poultry. My grove of
about 800 trees,' then seven years old, is
upon poor, sandy land. Not having
been able to buy fertilizers, my trees had
not done well,'and most of them were
more or less yellow and not thrifty. I
divided my grove into yards of about
fifty trees each, and. placed from twenty-
five to thirty fowls in each yard. The
half grown and smaller sized chickens
were placed in separate yards, pullets
and roosters each in separate yards. If
one wishes to economize, the fences can
be cheaply built of lath, using peeled cy-
press poles for stringers. If they cannot
be obtained, then 1x3 strips can be used.
In each yard light chicken houses
must be built, and in the yard where the
laying hens are keDt, boxes for nests may
be placed against the side of the fence,
over which some light shelter should be
placed. For convenience in breaking up
sitting hens, I build a house in one of
the corners of a yard in which they may
be kept. For all of these houses I use
lath, leaving not even half an inch space
between them, for fear of 'possums, etc.
The roosting house I build about 54x71
feet in size. This will do for twenty-five
to thirty fowls. For the frame I use
small peeled cypress poles, as they are
very light and quite durable. For a
house of the above size, 4 feet split cy-
press boards make good roof. Running
lengthwise of the house and under the
ends of the corner posts I spike on a
peeled cypress pole about the size of
one's arm, which acts as a runner, for
this house is built so as to be easily
moved.- Wires may be used for staying
and stiffening the frame.
Setting the house in the square be-
tween four trees, at the end of .a row,
you are ready to begin. If you have
twenty or twenty-five fowls in a yard,
at the end' of a month bring out your
horse harnessed as for ploughing, with
chain and singletree, and hitch on to the
end of the house (which may be done by
attaching a wire eight or ten feet long to
the ends of the runners), and draw it
along two squares, thus skipping every
other one, where it may remain a month,
again. In coming back in the next row
the same way may be done, placing it
opposite these squares not fertilized in
the first row.
After removing the house, the drop-
pings should be spread in the square and
lightly hoed in, and then thoroughly
mulched with grass, leaves or leaf mold,
and herein lies one of the secrets of suc-
cess, for if this is not done, partial fail-
ure will be the result of your attempt to
fertilize the grove. If the droppings are
left exposed to the burning sun and
drenching rains, most of its good effects
will be lost, but if well mulched that
will counteract any tendency to burn
the soil and roots of the trees.- .
SThen,again, care should be taken in
another direction. The fowls will be
likely to spend most of the time under
and around two or three trees near the
gate or entrance to the yard, so that
those trees will become over-fertilized,
and will show symptoms of die-back.
To avoid this, it is well to move that
particular division fence a row of trees
one way or the other every six months
My poultry are fed three times a day,
each feed different. Plenty of clean
water and shell are kept in each yard.
The shell is an essential, and must not
As to results. for two years exact. rec-
ord was kept of all expenses for feed,
and the net profits from sale of eggs and
chickens, over and above what was used
in the family, amounted to about $1.50
for each laying hen.
But the greatest profit by far was to
my grove. Instead of small, unthrifty
trees, I now have large, vigorous ones,
with foliage of a rich, deep green, bear-
ing full crops of large, fine oranges.
This has been accomplished, not with
expensive fertilizers, but at a yearly
prfirt from the poultry.
While I know that all orange growers
cannot pursue this plun, yet there are
many who have small groves and are not
able' % buy fertilizers, who might adopt
this plan with profit and success.
SAN MATEO, July l1q, 18.'i.
~ L .
Farming by rule is right when the iule
is right, but not otherwise.
DI, .J_ -'--.:r f Potat Li B. lsx a ts Cts of
*Ru.. I ,,N RAT O' "10 paall of hatjuarb.
k_ :,t l. i rirr. xi u r- b tapplr'r-'X b it-r.
"a-Li H- i ,:,k in ,tr:. ,r h H t 'nIrr intsl'Ie
cn-d lut-,. of l [ ineir. Tbe *: e 16 rade al d
"ndc .p- POTATOh BUGS
t ,rD~Fc t arLt Bta E wa, Insecte on
s bruh., Trce I, I piiiiod
.-BJM L h,.r,. lf t-,. cOr' D trLE cr a I .',
hx.l of, "RurB, ON RT5i Age
culural Size- to. be th-rc-i-arp.hy
It u'ux:e~tAE d tate i~knt o IWt O n',b tireS
a n~ i .t B, ',- t .all i B I, I -o' i c ii':- b a rre ld
t f~,I'ft' c'It,, -r. *r ibhat a ri,i eraw
,. -I Ekl k w. e n Muchn deftpends
i~rr---n LIiji-.:-W mimr s a
rrirwjte tu:er':U Eh r.i.mppirmO S
ao ''ipp it'lJwt a -:,r ki-n-iui I n?':,t -:.rD i-ra mke
it ,i rh. li- ; i,,r ms- or bhr jbs ',hen damp cr
Tetr, irn-i q.,i :l fcr,.- U Ehbl c,'g'Wd ,ie hi
las-'1. *i.ii--d on 5- it~iir nmist.ilr., Whil- in
it1 -.. 1rcted -tate it isc the r .:-Iactivre
anJ irr.:,B' ;-:.t a. i "Bur P.:.-ci'n-n -c, mixed
11:-. i .v "E~ Cr.* -u-ai ,-ci i'harn t-:-. N ;.
n ,i':r p -'--:i., 1 c Dc fno-V u..tl.; ,-t her .7ujd
t iu- Itf rr .-tr l- 1.1 e in iiq ui.I fi..r'.' rat:le-
-[*r-- &ciIu *:* I j-- [Lu l ;[T':s J R 'J j .NR
h-s"j,. ''Iti tbqca-l D. in a L-ki c 01 .i n rE and
app-.] rE b a spc-inkiLne no-'t pra' vringfeo
C-i .t.-'l, r.A-..:.-m, E-ill i .'f.i-ti.d rt effective.
Kl E.<-r it l Ii i'rri--i ,v trhicl -jcir.g. .-l-J ny
E s>l'Wi''sli noi C ',rck-r, l'.. ,A: >ESl.
E S. WCLLS CtCi-irui Jcer.-s-y Cici. N i.
LIVER, BLOOD AND LUNG DISEASES.
pmm Mrs. MARY A. McCLTRE, Columbus, Kams.,
IVlDER DiSEASE writes: I addressed you in November, 1884,
UII& DISASE in regard to my health, being afflicted with
A liver disease, heart trouble, and female weak-
AND ness. I was'advised to use Dr. Pierce's
'HEART IOUBL Golden Medical Discovery, Favorite Pre-
nIn,.. OUBUL..E. scription and Pellets. .I used one bottle
of the 'Prescription,' five of the .'Discov-
sry,' and four of the' Pleasant Purgative Pellets.' My health be-
gan to improve under the use of your medicine, and my strength
came back. My difficulties have all disappeared. I can work hard
all day, or walk four or five miles a day, and stand it well; and when
I began using the medicine I could scarcely walk across the room,
most of the time, and I did not think I could ever feel-well again.
I have a little baby girl eight months old. Although she is a little
delicate in size and appearance, she is healthy. I give your reme-
dies all the credit for curing me, as I took no other treatment after
beginning their use. I am very grateful for your kindness, and
thank God and thank you that I am as well as I am after years
of suffering." Mrs. I. V. WX of Yosieattarauus Co.,
.... Y ., writes: "I wish to say a few words in praise
SLI'VER of your 'Golden Medical Discovery' and 'Pleasant
Purgative Pellets.' For five years previous to
IAF taking them .1 was a great sufferer; I had a
Severe pain in my right side continually; was
I anounable to do my own work. I am happy to say
I am now well and strong, thanks to your medicines.'
Chronic Diarrhea Cured.-D. LAzARRE, Esq., 275 and S77
Decatur Street, Nuw Orleans, La., writes: "I used three bottles of
the *Golden Medical Discovery,' and it has cured me of chronic
diarrhea. My bowels are now regular."
^ Mrs. PAirmmA BRuNDAGE, of 161 i.,,.- Sfr,.t,
ENERL Lockport, VN. Y. writes: I was troubie-i wub
Chills, nervous and geueral dbmuity, with trequernt
EBILIT. sore throat, and my i.noutb wac ba.iv cankrred.i.
My liver was inactive, anl I unifered much fr-imi
dyspepsia. I am pleaded to ay.. tait iyer"Go-ien
Medical Discovery' and 'Pellets' .havre c'd u t', ,-f a tihcese
ailments and I cannot say enough in th,,r prnae. I must -Lts-
say a word in reference to your 'Fa',.,rtte Prtrc-prino,' a& it
has proven itefli a most excellent inm:.dj,:ne f'r oweak itmajes.
It has been u;,:d Ln my family with exciUrcti -esJtis."
Dyspepsia.-JAx- s L. COOy, Esq., of i..atin. B i.-'tn Co.,
Minn.; writes: "Iwas troubled with inliJcEtccio:,n., anid wc-.ujd eat
heartilyand growpooratthesamne time. I j-xperienc-ed heartburn,
sour stomach, and many other disagreeable symptoms common
to that disorder. I commenced taking your'
I I 'Golden Medical Discovery' and 'Pellets,' and
I NVIGORaTES 1I am now entirely free froTa the dycepprra, and
1 a m am, in fact healthier tarn I har. begin for
THE SYSTEM. ve years. I weigh one hundred and seveuty-
i ~ oeand one- half pounds, and have done as-
r.much work the p,~. summer as I have ever
done in the same length of ouie m mry hife. i n-err took a
medicine that seemed to toe- up tn muscles and mi-gporate
the whole system equal to your Discovery' and Pellets.' "
Dyspepsia.-THE SA A. CASS, of SpringWled. b:,, writes:
"I was troubled one year with liver complaint, dayspepsia, and
sleeplessness, but your IGcidoin MedicAl Discovery' (cred mie.".
-Chills and Fever.-R-Rr. H. E. Moisiv, Mo.ntiiorenci, S. C..
writes: "Last August I thoup uit I would di with chils anol fever.
I took your'Discovery' and ii stc.pped them in a very short time."
"THE --BLOOD IS THE LIFE"
Thoroughly celeanse the blood, which is the fountain of health, by using Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery, and good--.
digestion, a fair skin, buoyant spirits, and bodily health and vigor will be established. .
Golden Medical Discovery cures all humors, from the common pimple, blotch, or eruption, to the worst Scrofula, or blood-:
poison. Especially has it proven its efficacy in curing Salt-rheum or Tetter, Fever-sores, Hip-jomint Disease, Scrofulous Sores.
and Swellings, Enlarged Glands, and Eating Ulcers. .
*Rev.O :F. ASBnsvr HowLLT Paro et' ohe tt. E. and can walk with the help of crutches. He does not sufferlany
1.1*~~ OWLP~o aOInS the^ e help o crat
I I NDIGESTION Church, o0 Si.verton; N. .T., says: "SI was af- pain, and can eat and sleep as well as any one. It has only.been
"-"-' ...... flicted with catarrh and ingestion. Bols and about three months since he commenced using your meamne.
l OIL kiotches beand t exprice on tire sufeeinB ofeand cannot edhd words with which to express my gratitude-for the.
BIp blthskin, gandtoexprisenhed, sutrfaed ofetelig benefit he has received through you.'": .
HinTHF<- dulless.I began the use of Dr. PIerce's **.__ it.*in~ rB-iTn~ffn~ia
BLOT .HE Golden Medical Discovery as directed by Skin Disease.-Te Democratsd News,"
Shim for such complaints, and in one week's of Cambi.'it, ar w icd, says: -Mrs. Ei-ixA
time I began to feel like a new man, and am now sound and well. BLE AmN POOLwile of Leonar, Poole. of Wil-
The 'Pleasant Purgative Pellets' are the best rLme'.y for a wio.US or liaonsbur. i D o icrCr,.,,'., Md., has been cured
sick headache or tightness about thechest and bid tast e AFFLITION. o d& e of Eczema by ung Dr. Piee'
Mywie oud otnak o:bte Golden MediicalJ Disci-ciery. The diseeace ap-
S mouth, that Ii have ever used. y wfpeared fr n berfeet.e x ufd to the kes,
floor when she began to take your. Golden Medical Discovery.'
Now.she can walk quite a litcovering the wbole of the 'eraimo romifeetto kneShen
stack,--d the elbows and became so severe as to proerrate her.
IMrs. IDA M.. TRAONO,ofM Ai .. r/h, Ind..writes: Alter bc-ins treated by 6er.'rrl physicians tora year or rwo she
HIP-JOINT o"My lictl toy had te-n u.cuoiid wita bip-Joint comm-enced tn use of the medicine named above. She soon
HIP-JOINT disease for two v,:ors. Wh.n tie cmmnenc-d tue br.gan to mend and is now weil and hearty. lrs. Poole think
11 user- f iour ",old'n M,-lic-al DiLcoery' and the medicine, has eari-ved li-r life and proloo'ed nhr days."
UDISESE. i,"Pell.' he ws ronfinsd io his bid. and could Mr. T. A. AYris. cf Ea-t A'ew Martcl, Dirchetsr County, Md.,
not bo moved without. suffering great pain. But vouches for tbh above facts.
now, thanks to your 'Discovery,' he Is abie to be up all the time,
CONSUMPTION, WEAK LUNGS, SPITTING OF BLOOD.
GO'0Dnor MEDICAtL DIScOVERY cures Consumption (which is Scrofula of the Lungs Iby its wonderful blod-purifying, inigora- -
ting- and nutrctve properties. For Weak Lungs, Spirting of Blood, Shortness of Br-eath, BronchiLus, c:-vere Cough. AstNma,
aud kindred aff.-ction, Ib is-a sovereign remedy. While it promptly cures the sEverest. Coughs- it strengthens the system.
I and purrlcs the blood.
It rapidly builds up the system, and increases the flesh and weight of those reduced below the usual standard of health bty
Cons111u~mP1o.-MrS I EnWARD NEWTON. Of -romo" "ith, caltDiscovery'Ihas cured my-daughter of a very bad nicer located
"^o ..mprto.'-Mrs. EDWLD NEWTONb. of" _a^n^m~,, ou h tih.Atey' rtrymal'mosevryhnwtbotucexs,
Ont., whites: You will ever be praised by me for the remarks- onthethigh. Aftertrymng almost everything? without success, we
ble cure in my case. I was so reduced that my friends had all procured three-bottles 0ofyour 'Discovery, which healed it up.
g!ven me up, and I bad also been given up by two doctors. I then perfectly." Mr. Downs continues:
went to thbo best doctor in these part. He told me that medicine
was only a punismeut in my cas, and would not undertake to Consumption and Heart Disease.--I also wish to-
treat me. He satd I m ght try Cod liver oil if I thank you for the remarkable cure You have effected in my case.
ie liked, as that was tho only thing that could posil- For three years I had suffered fromr that terrl-
UI o P you I bly bare nuyr urathe power over consumption so I TE T d. orble d csease, consumption, and heart disease.
far advanced. I tried the Cod liver oil as a last1WASTED T 1 Before consulting you I had wasted away to
T DI'I l treatment, but I was so weak I coid not keep It A a skeleton: eould not sleep nor rest, and manr--
1 ,a |on my stomach. tMYr husband, not feohng santded 1ASKELETON times wiIshed to die to be out of my misery. "1
10 gt~Ie me upy'-t,'thoupb he had bought for me then consulted you, and you told me you had.
everythi ng be s', advertisedfor my complaint procured a qtan- e s hopes of curing me but it would take time. I
Y f ( i r; t o o f" e^iv em on t s e a t ra l z is er 1 D O W D 8 t w o M ot h s I W as.a ~
tty of your t olde oa Dc-o.n Medica l Discovery.'Iook o four bottles. treatment In all. he first two months I was.
and. to tto surprise ,f -everybody, anm to-day dcinr my own Wa O k. amose dis ournged could not perceive any favorable symptoms,
and am entirely free from that te tie cough wbih harassed me but the third month I began to pick upin fesh and strength.ad
night and Lda. I have been afflicted rith rheumatisnm for a number cannot now rcClte hc w, step by step. the agnf and realities of
ya andot no ut s t mo e h I bce- returning health gradually but surd developed themselves.
of ye.uarsn a now fueJ sod mudD better that I bev with a on- To-day Irp the scales at one huntdre and sixty, saed am well
I nitloano of your'Gold.. n M.-.dJcal D iicovery,' I will be rcenaredanstog
to perfect health. I would s to those whore failing a prey to and strong ea. n ing s e seas
that terrible d se conaumpicn. do not do as I dd. take every- Our prncpal reliance In curing Mr. Down terrible disease
taing. e ia- frst; but take th-" -Goilden Mdical Discovery' In the was theb Golden Medical Discovery."
early stag,-s -Or-' th dis-ase. an0 thereby save a great deal of suf-. JOMPH R.McFARLAND, Esq.AthemMm
fer"ng and Lt ret-rst..rd to benh at once. Any person who is 01 N wrios: wife hadfreque.t ,leeding from
still in doubtt n.ed t,but write me. Inclosing a stamped, self- ULEEDI the lungs: "bwforeshdeqcommencedusing your.-
aldrEss-d envelo)pe for reply, when the foregoing statement will.e
Ilrla~ /IM0 |'Golden Medical Discovery.' She-nas not.
b, fully subi,. taandated by me." I "m bhad any since Its use. For some six months
Ulcer Cured.-TsA.Ao E. Dow-s., Esq., of Sprind .Ttlh'u, she has been feeling so well that she: has
R.',rlimd Co., N. r. t P. 0. Box 21. wri-tes: "The 'Golden .3Mad- discontinued It."
Golden Medical DiscoTery is Sold by Druggists. Price $1.00 per Bottle, or Six Bottles for $5.00.
WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Proprietors,
S" "No. 663 Main Street, BUFFA.LO, N. Y,
ANNUAL YIELD OF EGGS PERa FOWL IN DOZENS.
Connecticut ........... 7.1 Maine..................... 7.5
Massachusetts......... 7.2 New Hampshire.... 6.9
Rhode Island.......... 6.4 Vermont................ 5.9
New York............... 5.0 Pennsylvania.......... 5.2
Ohio................. ...... 4.9 Illinois..................... 8.6
Indiana................... 0 Iowa 4.3
Kentucky................ 4.4 Tennessee............... 4.7
North Carolina....... 3.6 Alabama................ 3.2
South Carolina....... 3.1 Louisiana................ 3.0
Until the discovery of the uses of this
acid, poultrymen, as well as a host of
others, were sadly in need of some really
good deodorizer and disinfectant, though
now we have something which can be
relied upon for these purposes, while the
various uses it can be applied to are so
numerous we shall not attempt to enum-
erate them. Lice, mites and other para-
sites which infest the poultry house as
well as the poultry, have a wholesome
dread of this-acid, the mere odor from it,
which is very penetrating, causing them
to skip for pastures new. For the gape
it has proved with us a most effectual
remedy and it has also been used, di-
luted with water, as a remedy for scab
Statistics of Poultry. leg or poultry itch, but it must be ap use the same, only hold your foundatiou-.
The following is fro... m FarTm and plied with caution, or it may cause con- in the box, then with a sr-.oon pour it SO
Home: A great point in favor of this siderable suffering at the time to the it will run along I he edge of the tounda-
business is that it can be pursued in all fowls. It can be mixed with the white- tion;itwill,if u-.t tI warm. cool im-
sections and under all climatic condi-. wash, or it can be largely diluted with mediately and be i,.dy for use. Still. I
tions. To use lan ge of the tenth water and scattered al over the house, say again, there i no way as quick,
Sph... g te ofinsidge with a long whisk, The nest can simple and che-ip as ih- foundation fas--
census: The geogr~apnlcaistrius t ion .... of.. o
census: The geographical industry istvy wbutionde.of also have a sprinkling, while the roost tener. Take off your top boxes as soon as
There are 27 States which report more and roosting benches and elsewhere can capped over, a- the bees traveling )o-er
than 1,000,000 of barnyard fowls each be treated to some of the same, and you them, will darken the cappings and spoil
17 which report more than 2,00000 will feel satisfied that the acid has its market value. H-,ve a system and_
whic rort'morethan 3'00 helped youin many ways to makeyour use it in gra.tliug and sorting forn market.
each; 18 whichnreportm aI fowls more comfortable.-Coleman's The oldI adage is. CI-Ck-anliness is next to
000 each, and 6 which report more tha R .url. odl,. ". -ear in i ..
5,000,000 each-Illinois, Iowa, MissouriRural World. F,- I s,-li rlraIn mind that holds
New York, Ohio and Pennsylvania. good in the n'ilary as well as the house-
The proportion between thenumber of A Bee Keeper's Advice. old.- B.-Tradwell. in BeeKeeper's
fowls and the egg crop varies greatly as When a swarm leaves the hive, get Magazine.
between States and sections, and not your new hive, which should be cool and .
without a manifest reason. If, for the clean, go to some strong stock and get a -Mulberry tires about Orlando are
purposes of this comparison, we suppose frame containing both brood and honey, looming very freely.
all the eggs reported to have been pro- brush off the bees, place this in the new
duced by the barnyard fowls alone, we hive, filling balance of space with frames 1[) 1ni I]P If s in Pi/E h 7
should have the average production of containing foundation. Now, if the Ul Li)l .L-l LS\A\ I \
eggs to each fowl ranging from 8 dozen swarm is hanging on a small limb that *' ,^TRADE tk n I n- :
a year upwards to 4, 5, 6 and 7 dozen. It can be sawed off easily, saw it off, being ( MARK ', ,.
will be observed that in New England, very careful to jar them as little as pos- i- -
wvith its system of mixed farming and sible; carry the limb to the hive and -, .. (
its great number of commercial and shake the bees on to a sheet, which N._.z TNj
manufacturing towns, affording local should have been placed in front of the I, TU.- c._
markets setting a high price on the prod- hive before taking the swarm. If they DI p IN THE HOUS-
uct, and thus making it worth while to do not start in at once, take a small twig ---* ---i
feed hens expensively with a view to in- and work a few up to the entrance, Gone where the WoodbineTwineth.
creasing the yield of eggs, the number of when they will all. follow. As soon as R.ir -qr rsra-..r t' R.e "- R 1 'NtR.-T- t
dozen per year rises to a maximum, the bees are all inside, move #he hive to Itbem. Clar- ut Rai. .ice. Ro'ces, WaI-er
whereas in some States poultry seems.to the stand it is to occupy; should any Bups, File-. Bceils, RcINs. Artsi. lJoaquicea,
be kept mainly for the sake of tha flesh, bees remain outside, they will give you PidLbI nq,ret-,ra 'Bugs.Sparrow,
Thus weoptrs.have: no trouble, as they will return to the old Mk Rtlak Rabt irrl. ;Moles.
Thus we have: no trouble, as they will return to the ol4 1Musk Rat5. Jack Rabrit; Eqiwr-elsii,1,. &XIoc.
In order to avoid the above trouble
and, at times, difficulty in suecuie gthe
'swarm, proceed as follows: Whien'be.-es
are ready to swarm, bring your new hive
close to the old one, take out two-thirds
of the frames with the adhering bees,
place them in the new hive, filling up
balance of space with frames of founda-
tion, putting them alternately between
the frames of 'brood and bees. If you
have a practiced eye and can find the
pueen, leave her in the new swarm or
division. If there are any queen cells have
them in tWe hive that has no queen.
Now remove the new hive. to the stand
it is to occupy. .
In fastening your foundation in boxes,
I think there is no better or more rapid
way than to use the small foundation
fastener, which we. supply for twenty-
five cents. However, if you have no
fastener, you may take two parts of wax
to one part of rosin, melt it together,
and when warm dip your foundation
into this, then place it in the centre of
top of box, and hold it there a second
until cool. This will hold it firmly; or
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, AUGUST 3, 1887.
1 4 11 isCqllan.
-1IANDSOME FOWLS POSSESSING
MERIT AS EGG PRODUCERS.
'Weaning Pigs, with Directions for Feet.-
ing so as to Make Bone, Muscle and
Fat-Protection from Bee Stings-A
Dipping Box for Sheep.
The accompanying illustration shows a
-dipping box and has been satisfactorily
used in dipping sheep. Country Gentle-
man tells how to make it: It is composed
-of two inch pine plank, and is held to-
_gether by 'bolts across the ends, outside
the box. The joints are put together with
white lead. One end of the box is in-
clined, so that the sheep may be readily
-drawn upon the draining table, which has
S-slats upon the top, so as to permit the
fluid 'that drains from the wool to run
back into. the tub. This table -is fastened
-to the.box by houok at each side. One
-end rests upon the box, and the other is
.'..'.."' 1 .-.
A DIPPTING BOX.
This box is half filled with the dipping
-fluid, which may be used cold, but it is
preferable when about 80 degs. tempera
-ture. Two men turn a sheep upon its
back, lift it by its legs and head and sub-
merge its body in the fluid, keeping nos-
trils and eyes clear, if possible: No harm
results, however, if all goes under. A
-third man should stand upon the opposite
-side of the box to assist in keeping the
-sheep under for a minute or so while
the wool is being soaked to the skin.
'The animal is then drawn upon the drain-
ing table, and the wool pressed by the
hand to force out as much fluid as can
readily be done. The sheep is then lifted
-to the ground or floor. In the meantime
-one of the two men first named has
-another sheep ready for its turn. It
takes about three minutes to each ani-
mal. Where the flock is large the box
-should be- twelve or fifteen feet long, and
high enough, so that the sheep are made
to swim its length. They can thus be
passed through very rapidly, being re-
tained upon the draining table as long as
may be necessary. -
The'commercial dips are usually trust-
worthy, but where these cannot be ob-
tained a good preparation is made by mix-
ing one part crude urib.h acid with 250
parts ort wn-ater'. It may bI- further weak
ened] fur larnbs. .
The time: to ,ijp sheep is whene-er they
-are rrublcd witb tickks, lice, nmag.-.ts litor
S which the ip mrist be itr.:.ori .:.r the cstb.
i"- hitewashing Trees.
.' ,. Prof. Riley, the well-known entomolo-
.,-' gist, does inot approve of wh'r-n-a-utiig
trees. He says: "Inl reality iI.r i.:.ne of-
Sthe four troublesome insects tLat tinrifes
-shade trees ,rio in any n-ay be affectei- by
the Wasih And that is the tin.:,:k ruoth.
-So far as the xnlitevnashbng reacbries a cer-
-tain number of the (.,rc..:,is Wil be icos-
-ened and exposed to the rains or rubbed
-.off by the washing, and it may be posgi-
.ble that the lime will affect. thenn, though
-there is no evidence that such is the .ise.
SBut it is of DnO earthly u-e .tzaint the bag
worm or the elm leaf beetle or the web
As to tree boxes Prof. Riley- says:
"While these may be necessary on ac-
-count of the injury that without them
horses and other animals, as-well as mis-
chievous boys, would inflict upon the
Streets, at least until these have atti'n-d q
'certain size, they are ain-ays barmful.
"They injmre the trees by Crir._g and by
"the pressure of the bandages, a il I hi-en ot
-wood, as they are in the city cf Wnihing-
-ton, they are particularly injurious, be-
-cause they serve as nidi for different in-
tsects. If the laws CaLni:.r Tie made so
stri(t s toh prevent injury Liori, horses or
L. uis rhena I would lidvi e the iuie o:f rind
Siron boxes." : .
Weaning pigs is a subject of discussion
among pri:'fessih:inl pork grc.-.-rs. The
Stara-ir nwho has litters to weani must re-
.. member that hLs high profdt lies in his
ability. to o:, run these little p-rk mni.iag
machines fas to heep their digestion in per
Sfeet order, and t.o driily increase the
Scapacrity o01 the stcom"ich fur dicesti-in and
assmilarting the largest pu.ssioie amount
S The stomach will keep in better condition
if the times of feeding be not t:'.: far apart
-and the quantity given only ufficient. to
Satisfy hunger, yet not. tosurfeit. Here is
a fine point in getting best gron-th and
keeping the pigs in highest condition of
health. They should be fed at least three
times a day until fire or six months old,
and if from two to four months the same
amount of feed for the day be divided into
five meals there will be less danger of over
feeding or deranging the digestion.
The pig is omnivorous, and its highest
and most rapid development, says Ameri-
can Cultivator, from which the above is
quoted, calls for a generous variety of
feed. During the period of growth there
should be a smaller per cent. of carbonate
or fat former supplied, while the per
cent of phosphates and niirogenouascom-
pounds should be ,increased. Corn con-
tains six of the carbonates to one of the
phosphates. Since the object of feed-
ing pigs between the ages of two and
seven months is to develop 'igowth of
frame and powers of assimilation, it is
evident that bone and tissue cannot be
made out of fattening food. Something
cannot be made out pf nothing, but a good
pig can come as near to making it as any
Then if our object Ii hot to make fat,
but bone and muscle, we must. feed for
-these. -Where, pigs. have access to grass
.and artichokes or potatoes, or acorns snd
*.beech huts, and the endless variety they
"'flind under: and.-above ground, they moay
*do wvelU where'they-have, in addition to
:. +'these, enough corn to keep them in medium
i -- :' '- :" ^ .
Another Method for Keeping Eggs.
SFor preserving eggs use one peck of
lime, three pails of boiling water; stir it
up well and let it stand for twenty-four
hours; now strain off the lime water. If
any egg sinks it is ready; if any egg floats
too strong. Now pour this lime water
into a deep earthenware pot; gently in pot
your eggs; fresh laid, no cracks. Take a
cup and gently pour on this lime water
until the eggs are quite covered. Tie
paper over. Be sure and stand your pot
or pots where they are not likely to be
moved, and where they will be free from
frost; Prior to using eggs thus preserved
wash each egg in cold water. If to boil
for eating, prick a tiny hole at the top;
this prevents cracking. -Poultry World.
The Hnmbnrg Famnily of Fowls.
Among breeds of poultry possessing
merit as egg producers may be mentioned
those of the Hanjiurg family. The Ham-
burgs are also very handsome fowls, and
this, in addition to their value as prolific
layers, secures them a considerable favor.
The meat and, bones being dark, they are
not in demand among market men. Per-
haps,'however, the most Lundesirable char-
acteristic of this race is hat while young
they are delicate; yet, after six or seven
months, they appear to be hardy. In the
south, or wherever they can be kept warm
and comfortable, they thrive and prove
SILVER SPANGLED LAYERS.
This family includess the Golden Pen-
ciled, g-colien spangled, silver penciled and
silver penciled varieties, the last.named
being reprcsinted in the cut. The silver
spailedil fowls, though -mniall, are pecu-
lbarly graci-tui and sprightly. Theyrepre-
sent a favorite breel w-ith those poultry
keepers who take pleasure in the beauty
as well as -he utihbty >f their fowls. -None
of the Hamburgs show miLh: dispi-.sition
to sit, unless in a state ,:f grient freedom,
but. they have been known to lay nearly
every 'lay thro.u-gh the year, except in the
mourloct '.eason. .
PCuit t.in fro Bee Stings.
While iaterett in one's work in. the
apiary is a greilt sr. urity from.in bee stings,
there are many persons w-ho will require
further protection, e:pecally -.uhien hand-
ling hybrids. For those VLho anu-t pro-
tect their hn.the- here is notbiu belt-
ter than :,ong, rubber gives. An over-
sleeve of cotto-n cloth, aitht an elastic in
eac i-h end, to bho.id
it snugly in plNace
at wri., andl 'I-
bow, w.i prevent .l S
firm making ex- "
of one's Ilee. f i..
To giuaird the '
face, a vedi 'it
mnusmniiito netting, i
tariatarn or lace is
peni-ble. A piece
one and one- A BEE VEIL.
fourth yards by three-fourths yard
should- -be sewed together, with an
elastic cord in one ncud, to be ad-
justed over the hat crown. Fonur or
five inches from the top insert a piece
of fine wire cloth or stout, .riff bobi-
net lace, six by nine inches. At a suita-
ble distance from the bottom attach a
narrow tape, to tie about, the neck, as
shownvu in the cat..
A number of veils should always be in
readiness, not only for the use of the apia-
rianr, and assistants, but for the conveni-
ence of visitors who may desire to witness
Women, who are becoming more and
more interested in practical bee keeping,
ought to wear an appropriate dress for the
Work. The dress shoul.I have a skirt
short enough to escape biing draggled in
wet grass. Drawers should be made
close about the ankles, and sleeves close
at the wris.ts. Such a dress, with vebi
and-gloves, affords women ample protec-
tion from stings.
Windmills for puniping water and ftir-
rJishing power for fail- iii:ichincry are re-
pc:'te. to tIe ii, iN cice -ih.] iin,.,ni'l.
TH 'El BTON BOYS.
BY W. RS. NORRIS.
flesh, and to save them from overwork in
hunting a living.
Indian corn is especially rich in fat
former. Oats, on the other hand, are
especially rich in phosphates or bone and
muscle former. Clover and grass so
happily combine'the two that when stock
and hogs have run to clover and grass
they make a good growth of bone and
muscle, and a development of stomach
which enables them to assimilate a greater
amount of corn when the time comes to
If by the starving process only enough
corn is given to keep the pig alive and
squealing vigorously, he may have lung
development, but how about the stomach,
which is the seat of honor and profit in the
pig? The powers of the stomach are not
developed by feeding concentrated food in
small quantities. If there is but little
corn to be fed, it will pay to have it ground
and fed-even on clover hay, enough to
-secure the bulk needed to enlarge the
stomach. When the starved pig arrives
at the time he is to be fed all he will eat,
he will not have the capacity and power
of stomach to eat and digest his bushel of
corn in five days, and convert the same
into fifteen pounds of, pork. Good pigs
have done this and 20 per cent. more dur-
ing the fattening season.
It was at this somewhat critical junc-
ture that Lord Staines took it into his
head to come down to Staines Court, with
the avowed intention of remaining there
for a considerable time. His arrival,
which had been preceded by that of his
French cook, his house steward, his groom
of the chambers, and heaven only knows
how many other domestic functionaries
(for his style of living had always been far
in excess of that warranted by his income),
caused quite a little stir in the vicinity,
and set everybody conjecturing as to its
causes. What these were was i ?-.-ealcd
to us the next morning by Lady Mildred,
who lost no time in walking over to see
."Papa has been very unlucky this
year," she said, in her gentle, matter of
course way. "First of all, his horse lost
the Derby by a head, as you know"--
"My dear," interrupted my mother, "I
am afraid I know nothing about the
Derby, except that it is a race which takes
place every spring."
"No, you wouldn't. But papa knows a
great deal about it, and even I know
something. Premier must have won if he
had not been interfered with. It was no-
body's fault, but it was poor papa's mis-
fortune; and since then he has been un-
lucky at Ascot also. So there is to be no
yachting this summer, and we are going
to remain here quietly and ask hardly
anybody to stay with us, and Bracknell is
coming down in a few days, so that it will
be quite like old times again. But I am
afraid he will find it too dull to stay long."
Bracknell at the age of 23 was probably
very much what my tutor had anticipated
that he would be. He was one of the
handsomest young men about London; he
was immensely in request with that clasn
who have come to be known in these latter
days as "smart people;" his affairs de
caiur had been numerous and a trifle os-
teniatious; he was owner, or part owner,
of several horses which had achieved a
certain celebrity, and he was prett'ydeeply
fn debt. I should be puzzled to say what
good qualities he possessed beyond that of
pluck, but I do not in the least wonder at
his great popularity. Jim, who persisted
in regarding him as a bright particular
star,, was overjoyed on hearing that he
proposed to honor our quiet neighbor-
hood with his presence for a time, and it
struck me that Hilda's eyes glistened
when this cheering intelligence was con-
veyed to her.
We all-that is, the Turners, Jim and
myself-were invited to dine at Staines
Court on the evening of his arrival; and I
declare that we had not been seated at
the table for five minutes before it was
perfectly cear to n,:- that Miss Hilda in-
tended to niike him her caltive-. What
put this beyond a doubt was the obsti-
nacy with which she declined to have any-
thing to say to him. Lord Staines, who
took her into dinner, was obviously de-
pressed and preoccupied -wheu we sat
down; but Hilda put forth all her very
considerable powers of pleasing, and by
the time that the fish was removed
she had contrived, to put her neigh-
bor in the best of good spirits. No
man. was more truly appreciative of
feminine beauty and wit than L:-rd
Staines. Meanwhile Bracknell, who
had old Tiurner on his right hand, speed-
ily realized that he had a very charming
person on his left; and it was not.- a little
amusing to see the look of blank aston-
ishment which overspread his features
when, after repeated attempts to attract
Hilda's notice, -it dawned upon him that
she really preferred his father's conver-
sation to his own, I suppose that never
before in his life had he known a charm-
ing person display such extraordinary
taste. In vain he brought his in;reenious
arts to bear ipon her and fori:r:-d her t,
look round ahiie he shot lanouii"dng
glances full into her eyes. The glances
faile- l to: arrouse any r .sporie, 'bri gave
hmlir r.ol:i)iy ainrd1 plainly tto urirtaiUd
that his i-lterruOplious were uv.'I-mou--.
nuam ere-.I h ii wit1 a f(, .-o;o---U-. yl &llc-
or a faint Unjlle, and iminmediatel; ttlurned
awni; to resume her r.rmari:s ,to Liold
StaILs, VI-bi- was e;irlr-uitly much ticihdi
ly the lisioinitur're of his heir apparenrt..
JilU ill tr,,3 time wns very .larantly
enrigagel in talking over by-gone days
withi Litilty lildrii, cOlil; ever'y IOT7 nod
nirin hi? oyes i'vderedr'l to Eli'l audl
rm te'd up : hii ier itll a ri-hrulots l,:.ok of
pr-ilt ai1d arle:i:,h. Doubtle. bi he, r.n-s
thinking hoiv goo'l it vns'anf her to take
so nuiii trouble to amus tbc- old geutie-
mran, at the hend of thi table. .Vs for the
Rev. Simeou and myself, wc eat our
inner, which was an excellent one, and
nobody took the smanlle-st notice, of us.
Later in hbe evening, nhen we assembledl
in the drawing room, Lord Staines )became
grave and sUilent once more, black Care
having, I presume, recalled herself to his
memory. Very soon he murmured some
excuse and slipped away-perhaps to try
and establish a balance between revenue
and expenditure in his study. Lady Mil-
dred had some photographs to show
to Jim, wvho nmay or may not have
been as Ineterested in them as he professed
to be; Mr. Turner, for lack of a more
worthy listener, was fain to favor me
with his nviews upon the subject of secular
education; and while he was expounding
these at some length, I saw exactly what
I had expected to see. BrackneUll seated
himself upon a sofa beside Hilda, who put
up her fan and received 1dm wnth a side
glance which was half supercllious, half
encouraging. He began to address her in
a low tone of remonstrance. Presumably
he was begging to be informed why she
had treated him with such marked cool-
ness, for presently I heard her reply,
laughing slightly, "I wouldn't press that
point if I were you, Lord Bracknell. If
you do, perhaps I ma) ask for your ver-
sions of certain stories that I heard about
you in London."
"What stories?" he returned, eagerly, to admit that the temptations with The Lloyds' ,irt to Loindon.
"Depend upon it, there wasn't -a word of which Hilda assailed the heir of etr,, ,*t'ta- s recently made to the
truth in them. Surely you don't believe Staines Court during the next few A- cur ilrt f L rn t b eloyd tothe
all you are told?" And so forth, and so weeks were of a nature to try the stout- corporation of London by Lloyds,n thbe
allyouaretol?" nd o frth an 50grat marine insurance exchange, in the
-forth. est powers of resistance. I don't say shape of a canyon recovered from the sea
Theremainder of the colloquy was car- that her tactics were novel; but I do say after being nimersed during a period of
tried on in-such subdued accents that the that anything more clever than her em- near mnety years. From the admiral y
eloquence of the Rev. Simeon, who ployment of them Ineversaw. Of course rers t appears that on October 1799,
was standing very close tome and em- "the young people, ,as we were gener- the an-.-f-ar Lutine, thirty-two gaun
phasizing his periods by repeated taps Ically termed by our elders, were cdntin-the .- mouth road ithan -
upon-my.shirt front with his forefinger, ally together. There were rides, there e :-quantim Y mouth roads wir th an im-TexeL
drowned it. But, Indeed, I was not curi- were pidnics, there was lawn tennis-in In the irse of the dray it came on t
ous- to hear more. How many times, I short, all the ordinary amusements of blow a heavy gale, and the vessel was lost
wonder, has that self same dialogue been country house life in the summer time; pces Salving
conducted in identical terms since, the and to watch Hlda and Bracknellto- during eghteen mants reSaJte in th
world began, and how many times will it gether on those occasions would have been -reo ,te of nnts r0,elted in thespecie In 1814
mos e~eraujna t t bd nt ~ena lt-recovery of 0ii in specie In 1814
be repeated before the human race be- mostentertaing if it had not lIen aht- further atrerp.rtsw,-re made tt. Let at the
comes extinct" Generally,'I think, about tle distressing. She stirred his curiosity; wre, k, which had become deeply-imliedded
live to ten minutes elapse before the point she roused in him a sprit of emulation; the sa ndr, but with very indifferent sun-
is reached when the lady invites unre- she nattered his vamty oe dady only to c"-, the result ,,t sever years'toil 1,;14-21)
Eerved confession as the preliminary to wound it the next. Sometimes she ig- ,being the recovery of only a few pieces ot
nored i-aso -tiatlygssh-bd boein h ei r fol e icso
p,-,sb.le ab-,.,lution; and then -the man eo larin as obstinately as she had done sr In Si"2 sev,-rai thousand pounds
tolls her-well, I suppose he sometimes the fl-st evening.; and every now and w pt m diwn operations, but the
again en.eu Jims back as toperatioe rs, th
tells her thu truth, though I shulcld againrn1c-u JiI's back was turned, she resnl( was absolutely nil.
iruaegine tbnhat that, is a rare caise. WrA t -i-niul, tavi, him with a look which I am Next Llyds appeared on the scene, and
Bracknell said to Hilda, after they had quite sure must have sent a thrill through after much netiantion the Dutch gov-
movel any slwly toward the open his whole person, though he had the credit ernment agreed to hand over half of any
French window, through which they of heirig icciutomeid to such li:.,.ks. further salvage recovered tii Lloyds.
presently vanished, I have no idea, nor AUll this time she was charming in her From 8I" ] to 1A.57 spasmodic efforts were
cn it be of the smallest consequence.- demeaior t0:, poor old Jim, wth whom, tad ,,to dsh up tiurther specie, but the re-
Wbnat I do know is that they wereabsent however, she now avoided taklu- solitary salt was merely aoety and vexation o
for thc b.,.-:t part of au hbiur, andthatlong walks;'and the upshot of it n as r at, .-rut t.:, tho-e xnga,-d in the venture. In
be toro t '& eX I. ra t1 C.L)irtf L naat eforeina theniventure.Llb In
before the espiration of that time Jimhad before a fortight h. p,-i, he b-,i ., I a rtat b,i-nh aaicement was entered
grown fidgety, Laily Mildred was looking two sighing lovers at her feet instead ol intobetweu be Dutch government and
atiiou.-, Mr. Turner had f. allen. sound one.. That may not have been a -ry iLt)7,-is, n tefv,,u 85c tov e1r1 ,ait
-asleep, and this humble chronicler was wonderful exploit to accutmpiMl, never- year' after the wreck took plice-i great
well nigh worn-out with desperate efforts theless it was accomplished with very goi f,:,riTeoe attended the effiirt s of t.bha
to sustain a conversation which flickered great skill. :er, but i,0 bei the amount
and died the moment it was left alone.: How matters must end was obvious o. Lloyhds' share; sou me interest ing relica
At length Lord Staines returned. He enough; yet when the catastrophe (fo r I we1e ai-.,, fon,. including part of the
had been making haywith his hair, from suppose it must be called a catastrophe) sh-ps ru-ider ana her I-eUs. Further
which I concluded that he had failed tdo came I confess I was slightly startled. It s ,Fr ild er canrnued r -Flt.ar surer
discover any arithmetical process by which was Mr. Turner who apprised me of it. ,a., a, proved by, the gift rec.;nt ly made
the greater can be substracted from the Strolling out in the direction of Staines ti( the city corp,:,arion. Thequestion nor -
less, and unless I greatly misjudged him, Court one hot morning, I came upon him ar-i, What are they going to do with i
his inward ejaculation on seeing us was, just as he was hurrying through the gates -Bolton Transcript.
"What! not gone yet?" -But he was far and he at once pulled up, took off his hat
too polite to utter any words tp that effect, and began to mop his forehead. Evidently English and American Smokers.:
and he discoursed amiably until Bracknell he was a prey to conflicting emotions, and, "One of the features of American street
and Hilda reappeared, which they did indeed, his first words were a confession life that strikes an Englishman on first
without the least symptom of embarrass- that such was the case. lrith h rs rc i a a oin
menth oneitheryside.S Then oldaTurner My dear Harry," said he, "I am up- arrivingnhere most forcibly, e Isays a young
Jim' dogcar wasat te dor, nd e ws w ." .o" exlaiLondoner* a w~hoasteyd acu-tnere I made at
woke up suddenly, rubbed his hands, and set-completely upset. Tell me -now- the Palmer hose an equ ing one r two aga
said that they had had a delightful even- for .you have an old head upon young "i the alm oudanie nf cigars. a Iwas simpa,
ing, but that they really mustn'k keep the shoulders--did it ever strike you that a- te- agudetl,-eran m yariaer
mind ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ thr waias anthn between my anduraauyghte"; "0- TT,? r ac is egaded as. a ver ,o y axrravagan hdlow
carriage waiting any longer; whereupon there was anything between my daughter amsters, porterS, Caben, aye, even pere-
we all wished one another good night and Lord Bracknell?" te s er amn en p
with alacrity, and the party broke up. I replied that that idea had suggested lers with handcarts, smoking c iars. n
Jim's dog cart was at the door, and e itself to me.- England, you know, where cigars cost.
had promised to give me a lift home; but "You don't say Sl" exclaimed Mr.. just as much as they do here, a man whG
as I was putting on my overcoat in the Turner. "Dear me Well, I assure you never smokes anything on the street buta
hall he followed me and said: "Do you that I never was more taken abackin my igar is looked upon as an epicu oer and, i
d wating ter o our life than when Lord Bracknell came to meheis not a gentlemanof landed t
I should like toqsmoket a cigarWith last night to tellme that be bad propo.'ed is regarded assa very extravagant .fellow.
Bracknell before we go." l- to Hildaand had beenhaccep-. AbI What dowesmoke? Why, pipes, of course.
Of course I replied that I didn't mid see that you are astonishen. "The fact'is I ,or." fniw-s-London fe.low i Loo.-who
att a rse a racer in th e adotrn ti that I had formed other-ahem-antici- are wirth ll tbe wiay from li00 to '1,000
the smoking room, whither Lord Staines nations. Possibly you may have shared a yea, wt rhar cigars with about as mucr
did notaccompanyus. I don'tthinkIhave those anticipations.?"i rhe e tread c ias a ou as m
eve me ga on qute o traghtorwrd sinifedassnt nd e wnt n-reverence as you do diamonds1 no ob
SL o, .p" sadI sBigAlnedassent, anLdhe- wenton: ..
ever met nydone qute so stra. imghtforward T tel "ou tert n I T- The roo.t extravagant of them sike two
as Jim. It never occurred to him to ap- e"To tell you the truth, Har-y, I should
.n subjet b an Ltle i uc- have-been better pleased if things had cigar, at three peceor sixn ts apece,
prach any subject by atia irduc- fallen out tharte. Even now I.-am no per day. No; I must say that the princely
ySeting gaout the'.iAs almost sall rIos... "rol wt ..... ptn .. s eXtrbva.vjr Ce of the BAmericaun -radiker,
of S n f ,"bo .h., -, ,, -.Isure-.o--- c., ~v er,, v eSzlu S11 sc--Iuba -
of us do. UIhe had anything to say to u o e, i b who, tbiu h he may be too pl:. r to buy
,eyou might i be quite certain that he just received a note from L:ir.1 t c n- i a rod cg t .tsieshe d
yTui,_ aN e.. lose norequesting me to call upon hi, ions -. him, a-weroovercoat whnr othe cold
~ ~ ~ 0 v ... u w; oe w3 till scorn to -rnoke a.,
tu-e l uts, ilii eihr His cigrnd lately, and I greatly y fear that he will not nil n c're, re l on so a -n
twae louti, dal, bieore ther.d l cigar be favorable to the engagementdYou arxe w i" i.-n two trtet, flors me. Int London,
...1 l- it Be a oed aoea bo t enamp c anyet ais c3 aoie wit ao oithe lo ciare
w~shr rLl" tll-"~t etr headexpaiedvery observant, Iknow; have you noticed t actr,,t=ror'cbmnpere
matters Sc' Bracknell in the most unequiv- any signs o his being dis posed I to ar- anst c, hadlesi with a hhte cigar
ac .i l.uauai-, e.-wcoe li d as s A --iu h d
.... .. ... ..... ia ht-mcuth, Lie would be h:,,,otd froia
"Look here, Bracknell, old chap," said welcome dearHilda as.hisduhtiai1&b i4r-- der
heI dont wantyou toe's not ntbe Hifd law?" -n oe c-nd of the street to the other for en-
he, "'I don't waaot you to fl, 'twMt L Hilda ... stdeanoring tr.aLiezdime a luxury l Wscircux- .in
Turner. We, are all frienrls here, o I rwas quite unable to say that hadd stances:i h fed a notetitle him to.t"-
do-n't mind telling you that IMearii to ask and I really felt very sorry for the poor Chicago Journal. .
her to be my w bfe, thoigltld rather you man, who seamed, through no fault of his
i a al e ,v, en-, s sh- o ,own, to have got between the upper and n ... e .-
didn't speak about it to any one else just- the nether mistones. Nothing was more Best DietJor m ummi". d
yet.,)-? ,. .-_-thnehr"Pirifooodehass-.Nolate ibwcomm
S Isodryet."e .... .h wan. T [certain than that he wasabout to get into aaea i: Meo o o oft m
Something in .this announcement serious trouble with the patron of his iv- very popular with Broo]dynites" said a
seemed to tickle Bracknell amazingly; for ing, and it might be safely predicted that, local rr-tuirante-a rcentlv. Why? Be-
his mtirth was o0 immoderate a nd sor- ip whenlhe returned home, hewouldget into cause in ,uiummer a- man doesn't need so
Iei_.l that Jim felt constrained .atlast to trouble not less serious with the con- much blood producing diet as he does irn
aidd "It isn't ai joke". tue troller of the household and his actions, -inter. the properdiet forL hot weather-
thye otherstil auchine; "i rsturaed I quite understood why he begged me not- is r-ilk, bread and once a day, if a man
tbe o t hr,-, till lau. hina a it's a first rate sto mention this to anybody, and also who works hard, a little meat won't hurt him.
oke, if youcould ls-i. Be advised was meant by that emphatic' "anybody,"e Notphing i t more heaving to the blood than.
by me, ,Tim, and drop that young woman a i for a squire in the hand is worth two vi roast beef, and he who wishes to be cool.
ike hot potato. She's not the wife for countsinthebush. I willingly gave him in summer -ll avoid it. Yes, I admi
y"That' as may be," rejoined Jim, the required assurance, and he hastened that:many mtn can't drink milk, but'
that;'st as maoefiaway toward .the house, fanninghimself these men have weak stomachs and ia
quiet; but at all events she not the with his pocket handkerchief-as he went. consequence doeet enjoy life. Let me tell
wife for you."
:"I should rather think she wasn't. Th e [TO BE. COrT z n E you, young man, whenone h as dyspepsia
wfflfor .-eu ldvwtL000o I s yc ohe a T as havephad;it b e is notworth fighting
wife for met a lady vwth :0,000 of her o for. Am I cured? Well, I should says o
own. Of course it wn uld be desirable Tihe Logic of Evcats. You wan t toaknow what effected d the care,
that.she should hlre nmi:re, but 50,000 is'. Tl people of Los Angeles tell a story eh, Clam juice, not clams, mi and you, bob
.the irrediiciblc minimum; the governor t to theectthatSnato l Stanford opposed the jwce as it comes from the clam when
b es just 1,cden t rlen so.. By the way, the extension "of the Souther Pacific opened. If it were possible I would have-
do 3 .,u think the fau' Hilda is going to ac- southward into San DiegocounY some- clam juice bottled and sold as a cure for
sept youIL' year- n-,-r. t g tbat ble answevred the ist- dnspepsia. It never falls to do the work.
Ji, uith ya 1: :maing blush, admitted p, .rtn :s ,:s t pronitunent otfcial of the -'Rambliier" in Brooklyn Eagle.
bhat he was saguly Ie. r.aI.l by a S itu. n hat use there was of
"Wll, she may. Five thousand a year buitdi.- a ti-ad into hrountiry where they Information About Cahip.
Su:Lt to 't e sou eezol at im th-se hard had fo iport poraloe. and other veget- Carp can be kept in almost any kind of
times, and I sauptpose you're worth ail able. On the Occasio of the recent visit pond. It feeds principally ou vegetable
that; arc n't y'i,:'' "Of tho senator to, sutberui C-aLiornia, food, such as grains, bread, roots, or al-
Jim ot -t tp and leaned with his back while in Los Angeles i company with te ost, aenr vegetable matter whatever that
IinenIt the mand t,.pite. 'D' you Lao, olhcil baefoteailuded to, his attention was maybe given i t. It does not devour its
Brae-kninell" Iai -he, "I don'tt kie that called by the latter to a triam of freight own young, and for this reason increases
wa-ny of talling.- I am str youLd have catson the track of the Atchion and To- rapidly; but thewpresence of other fish that
ntiu tof hrtin my foiogs; Hut, ayu pekacoinipany, marked "pertshable.'" Do have this propensity would be highly oh-
see, it isn't pleasant to me to hear Hilda you know whati those cars contain, sena- jec, table in the same pond The carp
sptklen of"a- tore"' qutered theonlial. "No,"answered sn becomes quiane toame, and a limited r
knon-ledgment ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~so ofm wJmrsmduls hya nercpoaetetetaabecome-esqirn nteotam e, ndar.-Tlmte
"As if she re.embler other womrn? All the senatirn, ian interested tone. "Pote- number may be kept in a large wire box
rivht, Jan; I'Ll spare yotr feelitcs for the toes," wnas the reply. So much emphasis when partly grown, but this could hardly
future, rha I don't thng I'll marry Miss was placed on the word that the senator be made profitable. They have heretofore
Turner, thank youth. I suppose may remembered his opposition of years before, been supplied from Washington, and n
somentmas speak tao her though;:" H nwas probably convinced that it is not inquiries addressed to the United States
"Of course you may," replied Jim, always ise nto wait nutilU the freight is in fish commissioner the applicant should
quite gravely. "If you tell me that you eight aiefore protvlidug facilities for haul- give, in addition to own Dame and
won't flirt with her, that's all lwant.Ing it. -San Fran.yco Chronicle. postoffice address, the name of th ae aidl-
I'U e yor bst mn."and ldwho nowbettr bt ar afai posteofftce eladre wals, thenaecl of theail
Only, don't you see what I mean:' If you road and railroad station nearest his rest-
began to pay attention to Hlda, or to any A Mistaken Idea. dence, the dimensions of his pond and itsa
other wonmean, what possible chance could There is an idea abroad in the minds of general character, and epec ialy what
I have. It stands to reason tat I should altogether too many that i is mean or kinds of fish, if ar any, the pond contains.h
have none. I'm neither good lortking nor close or stingy for one man to drink any-
-nor anything. Why, I wouldn't- even thing when friendss are within call without A
venture to pit myself against array May- asking them all to join him. This absurd N Cellar in Sprlngy Ground.
nard i" sentiment has its corollary In the breast of n dealing with a- cellar in spring
And with this honige to his friend's the friends thin treated who assume that ground, the first thing to be done Is to
b-resistihle attraction and incidental ac- they will each and all he considered mean provide some chance for the water tomfunn
knoledg-rient of my own, Jim resumed unless they at once reciprocate the treat away before'getting into the cellar.. -This
his sear-., by treating the original treater in another may be done'by laying a two inch tile
BraclkneU was a little flattered, I think, drink. The vulgar, commercial, quid pro drain pipe in a trench dug all around-the
and perhaps also though I am not quite quo element which is thus lforceci into the foundation outside, of the'wells, and from,,
so sure about that a httle touched. "Go thing known as social drinking is in itself one foot to two feet below the cellar floor.
on and prosperr" said he. i"Marrwiage is much more deserving of the epithet mean Put this pipe together with mom-tar andi.
the greatest mistake in the world; than the thing which it is supposed to cover it with cobblestones to keep out tha
but if you will marry, you trill. Let avoid. Nevertheless, it .is a customn, and dirt, and sand. UI it Is not, prac~lcable to
me know when the event comes oil, and is yielded to by thousands of men, young lay the drain outside, It may be laid In-
I'll be your best man." and old, who kdow better but, aresafrad side of the cellar r walls, directly In the
tts not always easy to tell how far of being milsonderstood and criticised it cellar floor; .but .the operation of such a
the sensor of duty ahd honor possessed they Ignore it.--New Haven Palladium. drain-is less efficient. The hack fling of
by men ike Bracknell may be relied .- thecellarwalls should be porous enough -
upon. Doubtless there are certain of- .Photographers of New York. to allow the water to go directly intoth-,
fenses against their fellow men which -There are 400 photographers in New drain.--Sanhtary Engineer. -
they would under no circumstances com- Yorkc~city. As a tguled they are not wealthy.':;
mit; but as for t~he..reat, I should Ira- One-ot them,-however, -takes in about What Is there so excellent-.as the spec- -..
agine that it was very -much a question $100,000 a year, and there ai-a two or lacle of an old man who- believes in hi ',
of teprntmaion- Truth compels me three others who do a business of $50,000. fellow menS--Signogr Max. -' .-;
248 FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. AUGUST 3, 1887. 1
.camethefruit turned green, and began easily. shown by reference to his Con- now except Mr. W\illiams. though the Tlhe Cultivator is never sorry to see such -..,. --: -...-
If rdi wrnc. to grow, and in June was fully ripe and gressional memorial. These palms are old buildings once used by thie wieckers enterprise rewarded, as we have uo .. ...". .-
-aia matured of a beautiful color and de- not over five miles distant from thile give it almost the appearance of a town. rivals to be jealous of, bIut wish all sue- -! !.-... .
licious flavor, but entirely without seeds. western end ot Lower Metacomibe. the i To be Cote ,inedI eels-, .. 4. :
State News in Brief. -Eustis Lake Region. next island of consequence in the chain [From the Garcdenea-. Monthly] -
-Tampa n6w has five weekly news- -Messrs. W. E. Allen & Co., of Me- ot keys. and the key on which he lived Moulting' of Canary Birds. "We' are continually receiving new t. ._ I '..
papers. Intosh Fla., write us as follows: "W e an di had his garden. ". "
p- Moulting in canaries geuer'ally coln- agricultural ventures, but useful a; they : _. --
A floating island has formed in Lake have a very rich soil here, and fine tim- L.WE.-R MrTA 0.. KEr YM titces when b c nds are a out s weekraly their own ture,:, ialt fel.J f aelY i S- a th-.'y
'm u e w e b-d are a.o tsx w e s a n thi ow qe Ifeds. we rarely. i G A -PO.I"', ,-- -.-..t
Apopka. her, and our vegetable growth is good. Getting undier way, it tork but a Ehort old.e ad coutiniu,:s f .r about itwo mwkths nndie nthemiar, thianig ,..eial e inter -st '..... tgaI; R -"',
Apopka c.-J an cni uef'rabour two mo-rths. fin infl the anthn .:teMitret..'
-A new ciar factoryha been started Oneofourvegetablegrowershasreeived time to the loer end of L.,we M-ta- The liid when moulting lo-'e their natu o the intelligent class of h:,ti.ultiiri: t '-..
an. h~ whn 1111 sit niopiu oh. f it-hntu for- wh c tie Gin?"t4 .. Y. MoU_ has to.:e?2,
atYbor ityit $565 from an acre and a third ot vtege- com e, and wre camnie to a anchor in .rat vival itv. and s.t m ing a ,,ut ith for which the G.it,,, s, Jot,/ly ha. to a;. ... 7 ,
-Business at theGainesville Land Of- tables. He had les than an acre of to- one of the most gorgeous aquarium- it. their heads under their wings much ,f cat-,r. We were. theret-,re agieeably l --.0- .i-r";s
ic es at theg ainevi le Land Of- matoes and had about one-thild of an has ever been my lot to see. "Pepper," the time, and soon the .ottom of Ihe -urpriiied on reading among the. batch !! 1. ,,...
alei booming,: $4,000 being taken in cke. He g..15fr h Y11,1 e-I .. -,;" -- 1 ._11,.
.in. two ds acre in cukess." He got 1155 for what coral, and sponges of all descriptions, case will L- strewed with te sied feath- of exchanges on ourt table, No. -2 otf this qA .. & '
cue"esip d n 4~ o --- t _Idifav r ihod rof m elr.': 4 s
in two days. : -cukes he shipped and *410 for hie toma- great. spiny sea-urchins, star fishes, ers. They sLi uld I.e kept quiet and tree t u it of a very high order t intexi -" ".;--'- ".
-The Citizens' National Bank, of Or- toes, and did not use any manures or craw fishes with colorslike the rainbow, from draughts gence. and one which must have an ex- 1;._I.II;- .-.
land will open for business about Sep- fertilizers of any kind. Heshipped over. live horse conchs and shells of all de- July and August is commonly the cellent effect in fostering Florida's inter- .-'-' ----
tember 15th. 400 crates of tomatoes from this small scriptious: sea fans, sea vihips and hun- moulting season for canaries. Stale ,'ts. I ;.,. .: .:-..=
I -A large igar factory is to be built at patch of ground." dreds of objects with names unknown to sponge cake and hemp seed ie said to be [From the Texas Farmer. ] L'. -_ e* g...-. ,7 t
Leesburg and will be occupied by Sep- -The outlook for Sumter county is any but the specialist. We noticed, also. good for themU when they are moulting; "Florida is not behind lhersister Southl- .. j '-;
tember1st. Indeed bright, and there is no doubt one or two of those strange, looking ob- tihey will not eat much. Let them have eru States in material -progress. It- -'-* .,...
-A report of Leon county's indebted- but what our friends will be in a far jects known as "tiepangs," thi sight of a lump of sugar in the cae to peck at. ought to be called the land of fruits and I 'W '-'.
ness shows $47,000 in bonds outstanding, better condition this season than for which recalls many a pleasant hour and throw into their water a little saff- flowe, for each of these grand divis-
against $17,00( in 18S3. some years past. The acreage in corn, spent in poring over a series of articles ron or a piece of refined liquorice now ions of horticulture are equally at hIome -.-**,-.-
-Sanford is beginning to work up the potatoes, sugar cane, peas, etc., has been published in Harper's Mont hly, sometime and then. Some of our dealers in birds ihei. The FLORIA FARMER-.ND FRUIT .
h F d Exo be held at largely increased, and cheering nev after iie wa. "Along the Florida Reef," recommend a very small ,luantity of GROWER is an ably -conducted and ele nw t. -- --..- -_-.!
thatle E F r. come to s from eve direction as to ani brought t ridiculous picue of raw beef scraped and moistened with gauly printed paper- devoted to t ..e .
-at place nexi earuer. fthe condition of all crops. Besides more "Fat Charley and the tiepang to our cold water about once a week. and ripi very topics to which we refer t.lie reader :;
-A Norwegian ship cleared from Pen- feet attention has been given to stock raising very eye. click-weed with tihe yoik of an egI. It. forfurther information.". T. -l 'l Ii' -.
sacola Thursday with over l,, than heretofore. There are a great In caim weather, as it is now, this is a ii said'that if the appetite is very piur. a Fom th Tim Dem- r.I
of lumber as a cargo. many hogs, sheep and cattle in the mist beautiful sp-I. Here on the At- composition made of millet canary, rape ut ot the F R AND wl ,.. -::_
o+ill wil ope its I I+ leo+nay Io ,,+ .a. -+ ,o .o +o .,+ -+ .. .
-the bank a" Titusville wil open its county, and these are healthy and in lantic side (more correctly, "The Straits and hemp seed nixed with moist garden A't Pditor t uurtiss, ot the F.I. AD l -. r.:'
doors for business October 3d, instead of good condition. The orange groves have of Florida"t one looks for miles over loam and tnpen dried in the Pfoiru of FRUIT-GROWER, evidently struck thile -. .-
September as reported, been closely looked after, and thousands water as clear as crystal, and as blue cakes, will serve to tempt them to eat. popular fancy when he esthhblished that T I'b po -t- "er ,. -A marveflot
Preparations are being made for the of acres set out this season in young as the sky above. The great highway Broken limbs are bh-st ieft to them- journal. Its success is phenoneual. and purity, nitn, n tie ord lhar1e oitds h'-'and" ,.
crnsthal. tbnn as/ ordv arie. 3t,d fih -
'erection of a hotel on the peninsula op- trees. With these facts before us, we of commerce Ibetween tie Atlantic and selves; human countrvan,:s, where so although only a few months ol. has al- cannot te ,otd hi compctitihn wft't:r^be:-.
S posits Ormond, Volusia county. can but take a hopeful view of things.- the Glf is within plain view. and today delicate and fragile a thing io a birds early taken the lead i all attes per- utlud oa Toh t' short vlt A ia'r--- .-
S e t m e as re o t d .h9~,'t o d l .3. .,l! oi~ t -~t l I... ..
-J. A. Hatris has commenced a large Sumterville Times. ,pven ocan steamers have passed within leg is concerned, aregenerahi3 more mis- taming to Sonrtlhi-n hori nhlture.' R,:,YtL B p-INw; PIo.-r..a
planting will boe 2,a 0 trees or nearly 4 ON THE SOUTHERN COAST. smaller craft. Out or te reef. ti the performs the cuie The tigfferer 'h.ould IThe FAsRMeI AND FtruT (rRWER
acres w__l ribett. and fire miles off shore. is Indian ce placed w i, h gieat care in a small age- eomes to our tal -e reguharly and R.A.tiN--L.,:,_,n ikl.N. Sib.,.pe bo.;
t.. acres. r / Ke.v Li-.ht. aud ,iirectly in front ot us-, wnhout perches?, upon -,.m~e e-oft li-iy, let i,:,,, ptn l ',r,,Ii. taiil of* iil-l.r. tl n gif arld C.'R.ANBEarti ;-;-'-. i.. r,.;-rir.:; }lit'".',erl',ar- .':
- -A few caterpillars have appeared Diary of a Summer Cruise in .cte Lv lit a milc aiay, in t beautiful the seed box aenreud water to-el be a, thin n .t atte... .. t'h t ? ec -r---' _LV r ...r t'' -!,-i-.. -' '
'some of the cotton in Madison county, Florida Waters. Ih ,,lin'Key, with its. eventful and inter- raclh, an-s eovt-r the cage andi hang it in i na ailr can'e hmat -C t0t ot"Oui clsir Dr .t i .--..' --. ,
but not enough yet to do any serious -sting-. though -a,.-I lhist,.r-r a 4tiiet pai-e, so that the bud uii not ite ae-ypmeriily e han ,e-o.. to:k.onlte fl"r it r CnI.- E,--H-t-, kiit,,i:ei_:,ml.-ep.-rpouLd. -
I e e y (r I I i k-on tr he f t IC'E -- _. i:.t'h. p cr po.n, "
damage msw t lanve a sist-a- delicited and frgl hn to m bi rd-; th e a .J& per- 1s-Ct l --fl lt.l :nw: kr-i~' m I 7. -,..
damage.. BY P. T. REA:. R NER. Aftr th- teh ibt e Indian Key massb- ,s.niitea n1 tempted to movA'; the ,|,ihe',- as ah.-\e. atlitlad 't a.whilleand .nPrEc.--,,*Gi-:',_i'ki-., c t.' .tt'.. .
.--The proposed military academy at --
Building has been secured and circulars FgR-M CAPE wABLE T. INDtAN KEr--EM- a thrillng tale might be Iold. Perhaps, i ,Fr*'.i G a-i 'rii11 ,uic ,eo, -etaLl.
I "'-a tnor aL P n srfk e -b e O I h n t~ e u N tie c m i n r m Res, F lor ida B pt W i t ne ss FNoR(w Y11- .'iork u_."-* .g t n u b; e c a ln (Ec l; n I.,-WD h:,U-. I ,3t'10r.l-fle, sre- .
wi be issued soon. N ENCE ,F PERRINE. hweve, more testing ta all to us Florida Agricultural College. We a FRiUt-, tutFlihem T-. r t i, ad t our .or .
th sit -.ru- the beach one 'vsta- Fj A RMER AND FAI1P .,N D- F~: WR TT-(it Rui-) e Wi i- Rrt sn- t.n Z.il Pae
', lnigwl e2IO re rnewareet 4.1 ON-TH SOUHER COST smalle nrat.Outn 'I. reefm to. tilei~n iio'ie ,- :ii :-.i th
-The iron for Gainesvilles Palm Point Mid- The e:;ecntive committee of the State by C. H. Jones & Bro.,1 of, .t the TimeI- i, t.tie' -:i.:b l r m i Ie
raihway is expected next month and then die Cape Sable. Weather squal, but cue t a Agricultural College was in session on Union oce, an edtoi il- P A. H. ,;r .r-. a .:, a i2 ,:
the road will le pushed as rapidlyvas at present a stiff breeze- blot ing. Wind -I that not a living inhabitant it the \\%tlnesdar of this week. con-ideriug Curtis.i It is lfrst-c-ias in every respect. tri .t-i nu-iit-2,i. ii,:i-r. -
keys,8 upon weit quetio ed leuhi telt us R"'-- it-I
possible to completion. "dead aheadi," "of course, a.t it has been wy, whmd t-em quetwiod could matters necestury tob attended tudur- and a paper whi,-h every farmer and .t,>_ w. 't -r _
-Simonson's opera house, at Gaines- ever since we left Maico. Ran through wh l n h em h ho i m attne to b s aten uild- adis er w1i:l lt-ri fi antid .-le P-it:,t:.-- t '..!-.:.t', te ru.,nie
wPingvacation, among vhich ist ie louid- fruitgrter shaul havu." its Crutiee -hIei.-t rt-i i. _., I, ard.-.
ville, is completed, annd is a credit to the several large sijuahls yesterday after- wei ,pare te.hy nDr. Pey'rr niea eart- was ing of a barn of impr, rod style, for the are fill] of lain, good cunsemou ense. ai,'i -ii r,itit rii L,, i :,u r -',- [:.r i,.:,ri.
- place. Theaudience room is35xlUi feet, noon. Skipper sailed on wiith a light T de la id n ureon fifrty r housing of fine cattle, etc.; -eitc:htising the We hop-. 10 ive- ur read-rs the benefit i..^:.irs:,r, u ftrd.-iti'ii. 1-,ut,. ,n.-
and the stage :x5 feet. hreze until 1 occk: then the cook n n t p tiest w t t t
oma i theae o to n be e till -k- "le *,.. in Key et, and a e young coctanut grounds for farming purposes and ex- of mIy of its article. Si.ic,-es to tht- doe, ai r..t "i t .,t ,, .i.-,r
-Marianna s to haves largenew hotel too thee le, e Put. M-lun i, -rigrov s been plan itedt here; but one perimnt..; ; also electing a.diti.nal enterprise." Et..r, n_, t ,..-, -.,,,..:- ,-noi.s;ale at
.. m e m er to, 1,i fac lty etc. T h [ r m t e ie St_ ri ork Flor idal. eI,,:l.r' I-_e .ot2 ,a,_. .-. tIt at 5 o2u d t ;
lbult dby a stock company. It will be ieeze- o treeseen also uto belong t embers to the faculty etc. The co- "\From thi Live tstk 6n-r ia.- i no il.hi .:.':t *. i-t a '-i.,t i att a 2 i
.namedHotel Chipola. A lot costing the land barded us in swarms: cook -,-if the date palms. tho-gh it may eeall ts depar ments is to e ad- I I;i it : i r .-
s-h p itmil y,, academy at thin.tghhist ruas !fo y-arti. "diii ipn aaic at a., a,-emn per quart,
$1,500 has been bought on which to erect coto it as "ud as possible te, threw io vancetg to a much higher an broAder 'W et tt p- r-. -.i t.-:i a
he building, beatr t u hat former msauis a Cab od ng-in thi beautiful spot. we fusion ecx il in the agricultural L tohe FaRcIR ANti FnrUT-oOWsnz failed ,, t P,-,t .- t,,t 7i, pet-.
-' -It is expec td that therdredgtChesterabeatyadhsty reoteattforfheemosquito Landigeinithisteawtth position, perinantsitsithbstockeiie tOureachwus:butrtheLsecitnd.how5 avery.hr-.t iii.--hhl, .-n-,nol 'letat'3034
S-sItiseepetedthatthedredgeChest.r ndhan u soit uitoes mote than te have vet on- grains and fruits, tc. The trustees and handsome sheet as to paper, typography t -h. t ttent i, Drsd
: will open i el t n ian tI tr_,' pern md"*.-." l.-'an 'ct:i. r t.i eaio
S Riper to naiatioanel ot stea s I ann l outside; peaceful .rores countered at any place, either in the faculty are alive to the interest of our and general make up, whi'e the addil- Nitiner mr. 'td c,.ni 'sliot: C1
bRiver to navigation to steamboats in SAEt tional departmTOnt is at] we expated of ihri-l l'ng tent, p-i-t: Fittrida be:- .,ais
Here at the C'apes, MT R. SAn. Waddel. daytime or night. Brushing would not Sate college.-Flordn tihe distinguished editi. Many of our c-at, culti pColnn vealet, i-n:, pohe 12.l-5
.- a~bo~ut twomon-ths if no accident befalls' within.-- -in.,mt*iiuii-t:v--aZ
Sheer. of ev Weshast one th g f keep them offbut an incessant rub ing Experiment Stations readers are iterested direct and sec- sa-r, n' ,- n
-A lirge cigar manufactory is soon to not te largest young cocoanut plants- with a handktrchaef winc both hands Experament Sttiaons. ondarrly in everything connected whth Wafermlruwuoi.at, t,-\i per hea-
l be established at Punta Gona wharf, t on on the mainland Theyoun plants was necessary to protect one's face. All Minnesota and Dakota have passed Flrida, and we cordially commend this and ta or-.. t ; wtmei-
S two miles below Traubue. and the two n be plainly been from heareinpt the hlow places on the island were co'- laws providing forStateagricultural and new and excellent periodical as worthy "r..n .- .i.i.- ai, ,I 1.- r-at per
places are to be connected bystreet rail- staightest imaginable rows twenty feet ered with fresh water, the result of the forest experiment stations. Olio has of their patronage. With best wishes d,:.-e[,r nt iitad at', intt-.
way. prt eh wa i H oerseer lives here recent le-ivy rains., and this probably ex- given its Hatch fund income to the State tor' its success, we welcome this new as- i-, t.:,i. at :.4W lt- i- -r p., and
~ ~ rcr ti," at 1,.-lit c rt- ,, i ,-jliri-'._ 'or ii cents.
--Crop prospects in Madison county on Palm Point, alone at pree-ent, than plains the even more than usual allow- experiment station at Columbus, stead pirant for public favor and patronage. E*g Plants -rnu.t,-'aie cit .5',ec) ,c-te per
were never better. It is estimated that which soItary existence one can imag- ence o mosquitoes. Searching around of to the trustees of the State uni ersity, feeling assured of the riod work it will d-...-n, ,ut ti.r,,ii nit I,:. u n a'n.
enough corn trill he made in that county me nothing more lye. Nthing for t hours or more, we could finid who have gobbled up the agr-nltural accomplish iin ouc out if F:,-ritla N--rt ,rernuit t ti, m.rL.-s p,'r) : tr bei,
morno rir o s.atG ie -e ersne w ef l o Ra thoug I r- en l aaieg ofnd. Imng wout h CaoinaII build- fr itgl w r to l cI aititi-.' i'"-au ;.Ai i-at. 1-.0 ,l lkul
: t-t %~LJ[ .. t-~ lti'?UL, erir,.sb as _
this year to last her two years, and then vary the monotony of fighting theelods rotting else that lhas survived of Dr.arolina.10,- "'_---
have some to sell. -s t h"hb p ble Pt-ine s patting, except ih,..orignal 0 have been appropriated aunruaily fOL. _= O'C '.
--In one shipment-ithe largest ief the especially famous, except the turning of clump of Sisal hemp, of 'hib'h now the support of two experiment stations e c L I. I dArne
season--sixty-one head of green turtle an in casionol turtle or watching the there are hundreds of plants in at stages iu different parts of the State. In addi- NEW YORK, Au.iot l.-There 'sano iati.--
were sent northward from Cedar Key. sails that ome in sight, only to soon o growth the large ones producing tion to this will be thu $15,o0 aunuall sent o :," Ier,.i he t, m i.
SPorpoisesal k thousands of little plants every yis Ipear, front the Hatch fund. -Hemeand Farm. JACIKSOIg -LLE MIRKETS. Pr)i aresti tad_,g upwardL and th de.-
S for their hides and oil. of course impossible here in summer, o many of witich perish because ithegrond d .t t -t, Auery.[ u-L tobarco 5
I n est .uc is already so thickly covered with plants atous- EATHERtr. ReI pt'are A t, --Lnt atudc n -
-h Ho.osaasa Copn has aconfnetthat the' little ones, as they fall from the
feared $1,i in cash, besides the dona- LJieaing-EApproacablwhing tL ong Key. er stalk, never reach thus earth. Theh ethe lopdjack onr-hle sigai StatonrbytSergt J.cs.,,vrLuruly 29, 1887a emslseem .tori -tui, alto, twins in the-
Cahu Saltwur theinn coc The havewnubl-cmpl- il-aewhtltoktetler kpe tflre i rv das record tu1er ledl iu-e in~ N-tYrk
S tion 01 several lots for public building hia then leasureof behldinaain the dates further down along the outside W. Snth, represents fae tempe.atir,?,c,-rd[ion t e rv4ion. LOtUISVILLE, .Au..,,st l.-Ths utket isi i '
purpoes as an inducemeanyIt. for l th e 'oca ha th pa. of I beach
.i-rponoh ns tn in sitement for the a cocoa pail that le had climbed two bea upon close inspection, presented a oo iea-tOer, ruiuufal anri diCtiaon ,:,i wind for Mb.AoS--D.- ssu,,,t rn, noxed, "..,: t. frk nnr and trn: I-..ttg upward. Autnon a
thna poit.e w u i years before, wth a view to handing the wldeess of sucks around thph bases the month t An,. as onhertd at ,JaD. hoon cer silors, I ITI,: ,r. o. nit,--.. it; ilt- .a -
tircom5ance down to posterity when mano- feet aotoss, and the thole surface it a lutg drn tii- t-ee t -e1ute' aruuceti anu .t ru.m t -', frt 7- riai cb tI '. d to .I
--tn Saturday last the atmosphere ti;e troes c- hahave ecomefortyor fift P the ground way covagedcilt cnla ,- AND.fF-Tt tPr. l fnuramiedr:, .S. AANA... H C..OT. O RE Re-T. -
.. -Itisexpectd that te dredgeheSL~it-rie Metv thalof wtapparae~ l, u~shs v-in eaues, in exeiet it ____- I-
was so clear at Oakland, that. on stand- yrers older', nwe took a outhea-t course, In gr thorn nickar-hhes, vines ....-.. iic- Ps- it ,ht itone .r-i-e to.- |ua iota SAVANNAH Mi-i. i-Tar.p:landCot
bar Chorus. Ofb? ,f,,en',d,:,sh a'n,- diapoite "'"uul risadfutec h rsesadhnsm he si)ppr y ogrph "rVIt',T`LTAh, Aou.- ft 1..1-T'9-nt -Upl.anzzd
lon anoelevated point at mitthe Iakland 'leivingSand Key tI, the i-ft however yet eld- thr, rn, nickar.e,',n vnes $. .o -I=
Send o Lak Apoka, the trees could be Aut for 'clock the skipper s righted a -uaIith ne t cur aeinldm waga.eshthat it aP. ,L l-,,, l.l.. ,Lt .-. ,o ,t,6 t rai
was iert aig oseabasi -red at any plce ther n.- th Z~t colg.Ftrcin ii-Bc' tmetun- is lli Iwe r-p t~i;cu-it -o a maoirke iQ'c1'ijUt6 atr tALne: Flonia -tg quo,3;-5
I w atin cona tuirn,:e
S seen mirrored t in the water at the other ,ai ahead, and soon after ann.:,nncid da yt riely. or'nig h to get u ldrt. n t' .i, M o us, 1,2d.m,- ti p,-,,,. M"m f.;i- 2,1
end, twelve or fifteen miles away. that it wtas "Frank Strohar," nhich, of Until within a fe- years, since coe,:,a- ,rail, Flonr, Hay, Feed, caHides, -Etc. 0,ooi u-,dhn- I... H ,
nuts weI -rst it -- G pte fbtanic Lrbigreaders, Flore Hayr,Feed, Hides,'an Etc. 16 t iiicjiuili-ng----2_.-----I------IEi tz
tnu beren buned over an d f- oane ll t,th xe im i o I 6 i NE helw lthiu n e .a--- -.....--.............t.s.
The Orlando Record wtill issue e a course, proved tobetrue, the boat prov- i. pantd o nmite ke. it uh of-- t-Cn--Thema ;in derythllbntn cflnret. itr. idta--u.......... ...-.-.-. 1-- e bn- .
was n ee s ou r o ter on e's f and L7l i. Li a n. I l .- - w -
] i iJ I !| t ;i ,
,*. bc iv25, and at Pull Gorbihda wn harf. Lion onvther aslice. ot hewoun-hing to_ Minnsct, with frequent bur tila piaT Fo id an t e cod. il fornmendigu O.ti dre s1 be rsntod.asvtessn we-ad Te mr., i, nm a-- ----------
trade edition soon. A prize article is ha. reg .tI b e.thed"R ..b.e. o Tampauntu ann.l neowand18 er sleeto pntuas :r .-_.. a
called for on What can e dne or five Stroha' captain. By a series of ell dhe e a treesareo ttl atalnd ,'.,,. ;" ;',- --.; We..l, .E "quote ewhiteeorn joblot, buhel ds-e pera pbushel;rrit
acres in South Florida." The Writer of and unmistakable pantomime, the two Iti st nt a n Oc tv te, r ix -i mn ii t. O iE casr l od tho p er ael. mixed che nde -aetsn w--i b ees;t g tss -1
S heabest article on this subject will ree boats passed close alongside, the skipper exceptin palms o pans- agaves ,c; ,.6 at it ,. Z', E l. ts bsc r buhl; car l l a p c bL baesfsocoaitg
.Illpi platieven mo r th nusa allowv !o n 5l';on ;,Wwn t, ,. ,,, t- ; a owbte ats areS all aound B r. an firm- The market is qIet ,and nom.....haalt.i a u
trade edition.prspct in bacco, the- compliment being returned, negectit fqen g andtll1. ,, St at io t Columbus ersd i@9o person. f a I g e. ru.ta 11o Ltii stoc ,'or per .
wereave a ve a i o b a Lnle oan mouiris. epci thei arosnft ithe trustees of tile[Stat unit e fenO te -V v6-o ihwill d:7Cl ;, Ll sc io .sa a
--,efferson touty farmers, it is said, with a couple of pine-apples. All the r-Y: ti, i., 4 r. ,. \-i HAY-The mrncetishigherandr'erscar'ce. car'cely any' ntt'tg. '
!, .sc,,,t o t t h;-e- *" " _-- W western,, 'h .i: t b es S1 0 2 00 p r C o m m o. t..... .... -................ ...1. .
will placer tlve thousand uari-pound lathe news tas exehaned anati -- i-' toe SE Wt case ehe 'mal aer 08I2S p. o n F .nie0 -- --. .e r'.pi,
\ -u- g -L di s h.i A,.g en c thl. IV',,
bates f cotn isnro the market luring the bloats t far elueat again in less time n- -au, gla d fa e e po. thi s 1e "o i io e; ev ;.E ton;t ar :l-.,d ins.- l. ir 'on; Etactrn hay, Medium-- ............ ............os
next harvest season, In additi-in they tian it take to ve'ite it. TIp-e pine-apples, n ht- interesting st niftu frther but our 1i0 sc it ,) i d 7f w eani pit -,u. ooid tedimim- --------------- 17-I
ae-o ""em e cuI..o l m r b -h lba k t n e w:smdparal ae l wite th nt ofa~h c rtai pa ,el. 'to7ilet ariceso NiuilEl PE,.',, A TLGi' polS.,N Fcr --sacr ,', ii w;p.r car- e tmi e................. 8
wlln haves very fa ild o f tobae co, and too. eree most welcome. fr cur two cal. tmp te it tat of in ta-o ii 7i sttt NEf two expe. ii Sen fti. "LE.A u pu M m s ----
bnac ag ed fhinua.tku na o-'Lit the Mtis Muflit," of Mother t-ciiice i. s ir-i, PLUE--W,.:at.,:.r; a,,-it p-,ti-ut., .'5 SilOt, Exta. F ine-------------------...... I~,,22 +
tetcorn a Quate-y sa nd ance ho oen art en ofan:a- ntae. ti ar t e nd in ng an A E. -r -' aditir ily .. t i.. tim. cai o. 5e 2oI. C EW Yi.- I.-- -.---r- or---
bom-e demands toi ut~nards of two years. -j'uns Pk-ass, were ueaI ly guti-: t,, l lit Pst l-Mix-i '. ii, aOnl nt e$, f t-t .o. __r, l 2......;....:d ""ue'
a te ee .sarti ot tha t co e in i .o ,Cotr. he la thi l op .iitet,. .- a nlw e (.no ('e k -os ,,- P,r ..-i lp,> d;, Ja a :.r. i th i.5 i
-It is teportdo that Jerfrey Lake, a We chuname to anchor abut I p. art., and Eiyaahruu.c frC aiithn Houear G Tree w tert wne han's d ( armi te. & C 's rd-, J ,'C :NIe LE; M.K,ti pet 6.,e RioJa a la,
large sheet of watt-n lying esome three git nder graay again An, da y lght tIS whsic t wershib-cuse- |i-hr. reg le IOn. A d, test 9 p'd. Sn
Smile est o t Lake Cityto, Itas hurst its inrh itmr or igs' ioth-ly i ter vstu ouere whlt aw;s-.i-,T" lookCBoing fito .-ely.. ICtiN Sies UL-Eeaa igo men rr P a
bo un.dai'y Wiesin gitHrsLk T h a hasbe n amost WILIAS, CLAR &. COl. hleani or dar'rm la-l, a _c-o ton; -y ". T _I
uar yo e a g in to Wh a LaTe, L '.- h dpny has o and Leea ge n g all per- Though in our case the intfua lers were h --bugut on Lo't to n [nia-.l.21 5The Ir .-p-ree .
w ihlel harl a .ti det the s ota tu eiffe t vr y t u o la pespto ng or lump T eol en sma llwere tha wit g spiders. clu- Lf Wadi Plieu Ag e -ncy To S-Mn rtc ae butEem firm17 at E -
andschmei a'xty feeti below the ttlevelf coralef' evr-E seaurchin, seea fan rnd n tte -ler tesier .. ad u as ge Te itrar notn toer o -.cin, ptluhe ad
of the former, the rushing ,ates cutt inh th ousani and one other objects of inter- NAN E. = A NewYork lad of experience and $ 00@4 00 per Saiton. on uerle, Priit, npt n rkt ed
ee l-.-- fS t less tn a r i t:n $1 .'c u0 lt e ihl-. VM JASIE ,.
guln ansicoy, at d eighy ofee iead, th a olrs dto bre oudin thatsae waesand iug with theme unost proably though example ses enjoyig thF:est fli hti e knor bimellos 4 le- tnaesc-1pms.o1 . -labIn lim Addrc.s W JAME- .
thirty to forty deep. plainly visible on the bottom, through scared an Itteath of aier in moton, we slWoppinE under aadvantageou etudi- ni 15. Cfheut-America Pc nt; English inH P 3. Box 111., Juk'otvt, FWa-
-The fire insurance companies have the unest of bluthe waer. we noticed managed to get isp fat as Ind.Msn Key tons, offers her sericis to ladies desni per bar.
Rica--The quotatinus vrai'y according to MAITLAND NU'RSERIES$.
Linea l of e l e thrrne o' u gb.ite Of Citru at d weaeeat INn In lode Ee r I.ke w1) pe rhaI ps l r e b a4 ;.' e sh r 'T U ioE-Fiv't ra'd, 4- eI r sruoie,i :-- 6013.c. VILLA urngLh FRANCA 1.E..S YE"r s v n
madeferetenpr cn, ro oncer a mna ie' C so hdng tha e a n ore or thee ngtt. Iet was not ing t secure an kind of tearing aP i Ttfrom t5a:if centsurS poud v
rates* -CoftDl-lecember '24, ltnl4 onf tall mer- as a ushel Nebasket. ut d aiWtet ase slo udowt, aid We tweat ashore foe .p-'i. to let articles or hl uh a-d -L phot irct or ihe per tah
I tan porisks andm botessn e a wn mmu Pay f etv mi tes, n the key h, rock and hn. -pam idesao, or uinrseuolidL qods_. Lo-le pdV -i: sa el Ii .h -'; .p car
.a ew o e hineguteset ethe ren at Not e ook prices. Send for circular, od, i s ),.. cen.
-, du 0tine Saturday f oult leg Pat are, tan o erh ap l have he comerfoa, for Mi s. .ver P inTIE3-.Ir.," Jill Sirs cAasN. H 'r Y. .
take effect ona oud afterul2, 18 7:and L a t. now otned hy a Key Vest gentle- Adldrea s Ma-iS. sS ;Jones, '. ui 4 tt ow pe n r -
was1 teats; ctrad coutry -i t -cit lted it cents;
the three-quarter loss and value clauses Anchoring off the east end of Long man, is at present in charge of Mr. Dan- v';9 Gates Ave.. Boi'klyn. N. bu-tier, Ity salted 'icents Skins-Deer tIat, -It 'At:tlrs or
may be aicken our f existand policies Key. I went asoe to look t the grove il Williams, an ,,le resident of the Folor- _.___ ents;snd cents. Fu -- ter wi nt ,
and omitted future e. This reduction of Psetlnt i pal s, hile t he skip- rida key, l r n nes Ls, and whose father was once"e' each lor f,41 ii; raccoon l,,15 cents; n-iltd I'cat
was oaud y the erection of taterorks per put ma new centetard mope. Tle veil acquainted with D'. Priins. Mr. We dow y experience. poud, is eus; woio ete (om B huswbr fo-'.et N E .'
dthe city distance they resemble nothing so mucht grave lsomhespotwherehishousestood, hey's Vegetiable" Fertilzer. After test- apt-e .
and lof adlake- spoa onthe te s a cou as a clumpt of young date pam. The near the centre of o thue island, ed other tug along wi. oh lihe. hIgt grade fert'il- !" iCoun1r Produce.IlI1e ; "'
seen t wOahe n.sti-Fle Creamem-y tr i cents perth co1uound. Buds not plact on hemall stocks b. iii. il e a
Mcoadsttoo teSuhleaves, however, are in mosi cases mote points of higtoritcal interest., izet's, we pronounce it better than any Li'a Potu'ursv'-Limlted supply and good-
Flo-ida Railway, is one of the finest straggling than those of motst species of Near'thuecentie of" thue island, and in sold in Florida. We shall use it again demand as follows: Hleas -40 cents; mixed-So large and fSne ones.-
hardwood Coteats in the State. One can phoenix, and there are generally hut what as once probably Dr. Perrine's this year- cs h g 1 c T a
travel for nearly a mile throucfh an on- eight or ten leaves mo ths tree. Theceolor yar-d, were growing three clump' t-if WVe do not. hesitate to say to thue vege-' EoosL-DuvaliCouaty,12centsperdozen with Woemakeaspnciaiulyoruthe '.
broken fLiest of the finest lumber t-ees, is of the peculiar bluish-green of the medicinal or bitter aloes -Aloe c, tlgiiin' table gi-tens of Florida that they can- good demand amid tiamited supply. I
such as cypress, oak, ironwood, ash, lin- date palm. To me the oldest specimens As Dr. Perrine introduced this plant, not use anything so good as Bradley's taiss Po'r~roas--Nou-thern potatoes 82 per _-. f ~ tNJ--
denand hickory,and many of the poplars seemed to be tvo that ate standing with thes e most probably other examples Florida Vegetabke Femmilizer. We know bte; Tennessee npItt Ne Yr 7 -. i 6 I X L
.Tr ra d eo a v ,r toAN --weC tern rm. Lt..e w I0 ue YorItok..
must contain as much as five hundred the bases fti the tiunks chose together, of plaints of soy hardy a .nature that ttey by experience what we say regarding $i 25 per barrel. (the earet ninety known), -.-
feet of lumber- to the tree. Here is tobe neither of them over twelve or fifteen hav~ stroodthe vicss'itudes of fifty ears, thiis fertilizer. New York Cabbage;10,1tc par head. ..
found the hargest tree in the State. If not feet. in height, with seven or eight feet and these clumps are probably descend- IVOFFORD ,& WtLDER. Nsn BOsrs,--New York 8'276 per barrel. -TOHITI LIM.ES and '
in the entire South-a cypress measuring oftrunks. Bo th of them Tereseamed ed frum the original plants. 'yMs. F M l wholesael0pe barrel, retail two quarts -
nearly fifteen feet thurough.--Orlando and wveather--beaten, and looked )ear-s WValker wtll perhaps mernember v.hether tont asnFa t',,r'cents .
aToAroe-Florlda, per crate, "e. VILLA FRANCA I EMos, I _
Reporter.. older than any of tme otues, even than these tere planted tiere by ler athet Oinions of ,th res .6. NRrnr!, Tuted wn hoie sorjod s y t at I 8.2
--Col. Lanier, of Laniet's landing, tells conic nearly or quite as large. or not.) -ellin ftePes e arl n a hwmeso h atrta.sodie
us aut noaturees tanon [Fo teSuhrCtivatorpat,-I7, -s7 ') .] ."casla-Plors 6c prat ise, mixe ccTe25.r~~iisw ore;gosre :1
u remarkable story about oranges. A There is longer any doubt inmy The only t the high, rocky isl- F Se BErt.,s -Pe"craue $1 i ,olr
few pearssincehehadanbmberofotange mind that these trees originally sprung and am present, except the retty "The Snccees of the FLotn.a. Fai- E nl aa--Per bhoe,$ ,00. .
trees which bloomed in Septemuber-. In from seeds hi-ought here oy Dr. Perrine, planted co-oanuts, are twele or fifteen OER AN-D FRUIT-G'ROWER, Of Jackson- Forein and Domestic bFtis, NOW tIV RUT UPO- THEM" I ".
due time the fruit began to mature, and perhaps from Central America, for Mrs. very old cocoa-palms, one large date ville, sapasses that of any similar Ptm-s,-.Ten'h .. '
-in .January was about half grown. A WaLker tells us that he made countless palnt. a few stunted mamarinds and publication in America, The publishers PirrLbrs.PLg--.$17~f&(2ooper dozen. ---" -.-,. A.--..'"_:.-
shiarplittle freeze came and about two- expeditions into t'he unexplored interior limes, an occasional sea gr-ape and Oei- seem to be over-liberal 'm giving the LFtors-- leln laers 8 0887 pe box --- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --,-,-t..-C
thirds of the fruit fell off. -The f'ruit for plants and seed..%and thathe evenecx- er tr'ee, and clumps i-f Acaceu fau'aresu- mechanical part every attraction posat- D.A'Tr...-Pershan--Boxeshe- t-; Frdis, 7c, Send for C~alalogie -a. i.:--:,.
which remained assumed a yellow color. plored the famous ruined cities long be- -an. A dense growth of prickly pear ble. -hull Editor Cortiss is' doing thi NSnA--ACmond .16c Araziis t2N. F.lbert t"N. & O." .-
and looked hike-ripe oranges .of a small fore Stephen knew of them. Thatpalms, cactus and Sisal Iema covem' tie greater best vo'k of his life. t is a combina- 3crbot 15c; Tehnsh walkts Genobiu 8 non,-]l atc u- I
tra d e d ti n 7I --3 rb t -5c P e a n tIc P e fi t Io C o oa -~ -- r.
-_growth..-Whenthe warm-spring days too, constitute one of his hobbies, is part of the island. buo one lives here tionthat canno failo abundantuccess, nats$500per htmdned. :. BrP- 0. A- '-..hlen ar tl "r -
'_ wit ,,- cou le of .. ..ppes All t.e liv an -l u ih es e ial i til Scan .. ". ;,, ? Il I1 c .. uigid 11t I ions .. L tl stoc. k fr "~ --- d ,.-.- t
r al; -
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