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UFPKY NEH LSTA



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055763/00029
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1887)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 3 v. : ill. ; 50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: C.H. Jones & Brother
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: July 27, 1887
Publication Date: 1887-1889
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 5, 1887)-v. 3, no. 3 (Jan. 16, 1889).
General Note: A.H. Curtiss, editor.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000454290
oclc - 11040152
notis - ACL6442
lccn - sn 95026760
System ID: UF00055763:00029
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

Full Text





























JACKSONVILLE, FLA., WEDNESDAY, JULY 27, 1887.


PRICE -$2 A YEAR.


AUGUST. good farmers now condemn., "Bu
says our "old time" friend, "we mi
Farm, Garden and Orchard have something in the shape of hay
fodder, and how are we. to get it other
Work for the Month. wise than by 'pulling' it, as we have
S BY R. ways done?" This opens up a wide fi(
["In the old Roman calendar, August bore the for "missionary labor" in the way of i
name of iextilis as the sixthmonth of the series, structing the masses in raising gre
and consisted om but twenty-nine days. Julius and dry forage, and also in hay making
Cosar in reforming the calendar of his nation, a ti r w ha t r
extended it to thirty days. When, not long after and to this work we shall return c
Augustus conferred on it his own name, he took more, hereafter.
a day from February and added it to August, Should the weather be dry during t
which has, consequently, ever since consisted of
thirty-one days. This great ruler was born in month, not much can be done on t
September, and it might have been expected that farm, except killing grass and weeds an
he would take that month under his patronage, keeping the ground stirred around gro,
but a number of lucky things had happened to infants
him in August, which, moreover, stood next to ing plants.
the month of his illustrious predecessor, Julius; THE GARDEN.
so he preferred Sextilis as the month, which
should be honored by bearing his name, and Au- Early vegetables, Ielons, etc., ha
gust it has ever since been among all nations de- now passed away, and the ground which
riving their civilization from the Romans."] they occupied should be cleared o:
This month in Florida is generally manured, spaded'or plowed up, and r
characterized by intense heat, with oc- planted in other crops. Turnips are no
casional heavy showers. Such weather in order, and should be planted at inte
is not unfavorable to the germination of vals of eight or ten days, until a go
seeds and the growth of small plants; stand is secured. Flat, mellow, high
but certain precautions are necessary to manured beds generally yield good crop
get a good stand from newly planted Cabbages, Cauliflowers, Lettuce, Ra
seeds. Two of the most important of ishes, Spinach, Snap Beans, etc., may
these are the pressing of the earth, planted during this month, as directed '
gently but firmly, upon the row or line our opening paragraph, to which we ad
of seeds 'just planted, and the shading of that a little more shade to the growing
the delicate seedlings when they first plants in very hot and dry weather wi
appear above the surface. The "firm- not come amiss. Onion seed may b
ing" (as Peter Henderson calls it) may sown toward the last of this month, (
be done w~th the foot, or by walking early in September, the thinnings of th
along a strip of board placed on the row rows to be transplanted in late Octo'b(
over the seed; and the shading, at first, or November. Okra may also be plante
is best accomplished by strewing short- for a late crop, and a few hills of Ci
cut grass or litter in a strip three or-four cumbers for late pickles. Irish Potatof
inches wide, along the rows of seed just will do pretty well planted the last o
planted. This light, mulch keeps the row this, month and heavily mulched bi
of a cool and equable temperature, ex- tween the rows, but it is just as we
eluding the intense, scorching sunshine, to wait until September. Strawberr
and gradually accustoming the new runners, strong and vigorous,, may b
and tender plants to the light and heat. set out at any favorable (cloudy an
The layer of litter or grass must not be rainy) time during this month, but if th
too heavy, however, and should be grad- weather clears off hot and dry after
ally removed as the plants grow and wards they will need special shading and
strengthen. We have found this mode attertiotu. If your e:iily Tomatoes ar
of planting quite successful with Turnip all gone, and you have no good young
and other seeds at this season of the plants, try cuttings-using young shoot
: year. about a foot long, removing all the leave
ON THE FARM. except the top or terminal ones, and in
Corn Fodder is already pulled, and serting in good, mellow, moist soil, with
the main crop of Sweet Potato an inch or so above the surface. Shad
vines set out; but if this work a few days with a palmetto leaf, or oth
has been retarded by hot or dry erwise, and they will come into bearing
weather, be not discouraged, but keep in good season. Celery, Cabbage, Bro
planting cut vines at all favorable times coli and Cauliflower should all be trans
during the first ten days of August. planted at favorable times during thi
With good, clean after-culture andt a fa- month, keeping in mind the great valui
vorable fall, a fair crop of medium pota- of shade and moisture in getting such
toes may be made from such planting, plants well started.
and these are valuable both for seed and THE ORCHARD, GROVE AND NURSERY.
stock-feeding. The main crop of Sweet .Peach, Plum and other deciduous trees
Potatoes now needs little or noat'ention, when their crops have been gathered
further than the pulling out of such should receive a light surface working
clumps of grass as may grow along the just sufficient to kill any grass and weedi
ridges, and the prevention of vines tak- around them; then scatter a few hand
ing root in the middles. This last oper- fuls of cow peas aroijnd each tree, and
ation-is important, and should be at- harrow or rake lightly in as a protection
tended to promptly. from the hot suns yet to come. Pinch
Kaffir Corn.-The ripe heads should back with thumb and finger the sappy
now be gathered and saved from rampant and unsymmetrical shoots of
the weevil, if. possible-especially that your young trees, shaping as they grow
intended for seed next year. When If any are crooked and of feeble growth
Perfectly dry and cured we gener- straighten them up, work around and
ally shell out the seed and put manure them, keeping a look out for
It into a close vessel-large glass jar or and destroying all injurious insects
tin box-placing a piece of gum camphor Note carefully and take description of al
on top of the seed, and set ing the vessel fruit on your native seedling peach and
away in a cool, dark place. After gath- other trees, and mark for propagation all
ering the seed-heads of Kaffir, the whole that promise to be valuable.
plant may be cut up near the ground. If you had an early crop of Peas in
properly cured and the stems and leaves your Orange grove, let the vines remain
used for forage. If the land and season :
are favorable, the roots will generally
ratoon and give you another good crop
of forage by fall, or you can raise a fair
forage crop by immediately replanting
some of the fresh seedl of this year. The
Kaffir seems perfectly adapted to our
thin soils and hot climate; the grain and
fodder are both valuable, and it
may be considered a decided ac-
quisition. Sugar Cane, if Dn t too
large, should still be surf. ce-w,: ked and
kept growing freely. Cow Peas may
now be planted for seed. Hay shoul;
be cut and cured at once-being
careful not to give the gras., % while cur-
ing, too much sun. Crab or other grass,
to be of any value. must be cut when in
bloom, or before t.he seed ripens. In -
stowing hay away, sprinkle among the .
layers a little co:rase salt. This will .. .... -- -
counteract any slight defect incuing, R R
and render the hay more palatable to THE ROBERT P
your stock. and die on the ground, giving them a
Fodder Pulling.-It is now prob-. light sprinkling of gypsum or lime. If
ably too late to enter our protest you practice open and clean culture,
against the old, slavish and waste- keep your Acme, Kalamazoo or other
ful practice of denuding the un- harrows or cultivators moving, so that
ripe corn stalks of their green blades, or no grass or weeds may obtain a foot-
"pulling fodder,".but if a.dy of our *"old bold. In the nursery, keep rows clean-
ime" readers yet addicted to this prac- shape your young trees mainly by pinch-
tice, are "open to conviction." we could ing-but do not work them after this
easily prove to them by figures, which month. Do not bud any more bhe pres-
do not lie." that the injury to the grain 'ent season, except to secure some rare
left standing unripe on the stalk is far'* sorts, which mqy lie dormant. Pinch
greater than the value of the pulled 'out the leading shoots of young, tender
fodder. This matter was fairly tested trees, such as the Fig, etc., to check
by careful planters in Georgia and Ala-'growth, and ripen up the wood,-to resist
banta years ago, and always with the re- frost.
suit above stated. Hence, we are safe in
asserting that '-fodderpulling" is "more I As the country becomes more densely
honour d in the breach than the observ- populated the home demand for beef
,ince, and should be promptly relegated will increase, and it is the home market
.,/.to that class of obsolete usages which all that is and always will be the best.
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)" THE ORANGE CROP.
it __
1 Why the Groves Did Not Fruit
L m- Well Last Spring.
d Editor Florida Farmer and Fitt-Grower:
n- There have been many complaints in
n the papers as to the non-bearing of old
g, orange trees this year, and there seems
n to be a general lack of knowledge as to
the cause. I believe I have discovered
e the cause, having had occasion to exam-
e ine closely into the matter in the cultiva-
d tion of a grove of thirty-two trees that
- have been bearing fruit twelve years.
There are three causes which I think have
prevented the bearing of old trees this
e year:
1. After the memorable freeze of Jan-
uary, 1886, my trees fruited heavily, and
' what little vitality the trees had not lost
went to the support of the fruit. Conse-
* quently there was no second growth of
wood, and the growth that the fruit set
Sn did not attain full growth. In the
early part of May, 1886, I observed that
_ the sap seemed to stop flowing, and as a
consequence all growth of wood and
fruit was checked, if not entirely
Stopped, neither fruit nor foliage attain-
ing much more than half its usual size.
2. I have found in the cultivation of
my trees this spring that the fibrous
r roots were killed to a depth of two inches
or more by the freeze, and hence the
.trees required time to put out others.
8. The two causes stated above left the
trees in such an exhausted condition that
there was not vitality enough left to
enable them to fruit this year. Last year
my tiees bore fifty or sixty thousand
oranges. This year I shall not have ten
boxes. Old trees are now doing finely;
the first growth put o n the early part
of the year has attained full size, and a
second growth is now about half grown.
GEo. W. WILLIS.
WILLISTON, Fla., July 18, 1887.

Not a One Crop State.
We are gladjto see such sentiments as
these in a journal published in the heart
of the orange region. The Leesburg
Commercial says: .
Florida is a farming as well as a fruit
ar-inv minfrThii iQ n-ll Inw


Septuary Arrangement of Trees
Editor lilorida Farmer and .5mit-Grower :
Your correspondent who had traveled
all over Florida, and never saw fruit
trees planted on this plan had evidently
not visited Bayport. I set out about two
acres on this plan about fifteen years
ago, and it attracted much attention,
being in the village. I had never seen
the plan before and I do not know of the
example being followed. I called it the
triangular plan, or the foundation of an
equilateral triangle.
I like it because it utilizes the ground
more equally, and the plowing can be
done three ways instead of two. In a
large grove its advantages would be
greater than in say two or three acres,
every tree except at the sides being the
centre of a circle of six trees, and all
equidistant. JNO. PARSONS.
[Mr. R. D. Hoyt, who introduced this
subject into these columns, has a small
grove near Bay View arranged after the
septuary plan. It impresses us as being
more symmetrical and convenient than
a grove arranged in squares. We have
not heard any specific objection urged
against this plan of arrangement. Mr.
Duncan, after planting a grove in septu-
ary form, wrote that he was not pleased
with it. We think the merits of the sep-
tuary arrangement would not be so man-
ifest in a young grove, as in an old one.
Greater skill is needed in running off the
lines, but with the rules and diagrams
which have been given in previous num-
bers, any intelligent person ought to lay
off in septuary very readily. A. H. c.]

Value of Sorghum Fodder.
Editor Forida Farmer and FrMit-Grower:
Concerning the question, "Is sorghum.
fodder injurious?" in your issue of June
22d, I will give you my observation and
experience. In the dry region of South-
west Texas sorghum hay is the principal
reliance of hundreds of fai mers. and
sto6t raisers for winter feed, and It is"
universally regarded with much favor.
For *roughuaes" in feeding milch cows I
know nothing superior, and used with
cotton seed meal' and bran, it produces
an excellent flow of rich milk.


white clover to do fairly well on rich,
moist land with a clay subsoil..
I am well pleased with the red top or
herd's grass. On moist land it'will make
excellent hay or grazing, and on rich
land that is not too dry, it is surprising
how it will grow.
I like the appearance and style of
your paper very much.
J. C. MACFARLANE.
LAKE CITY, Fla., June 26, 1887.

THE ALMOND.

Some Points about its Natural
History and Cultivation.
Mr. Berckmans remarks of the almond
that it is "unreliable for the middle sec-
tions of the South, but more successful
in Florida." We have seen the almond
well fruited in Northern New York, and
it is said to bear the climate of Southern
Norway, therefore it ought to be hardy
in all the Southern States, but we set up
no theory against Mr. Berckmans' expe-
rience, nor question that he speaks
whereof he knows.
The original wild form of the almond
(Amygdalus communis of Linneus, Pru-
nus amydalus of Hooker), is believed to
have been found in the region betw" en
India and Russia, and to have most re-
sembled the bitter almond, the hard,
soft and paper shelled varieties being
derived from the same species. The tree
is cultivated mostly in the regions bor-


o- gruwiuguuuuy x1 w .uuwU It is planted as cou plant small s a grain,we known
g fact to those who have lived here long ing the sedas bountifu lly, and in that
- enough to find it out, and the combined dry country grows about five feet high. THE ALHMOI-FL.owzs AND FBiuT.
- agricultural and fruit growing interests As many as three crops are harvested,
s of the State, *ill yet make it the most and the yield is beyond anything I ever during on the Mediterranean Sea. The
e prosperous and richest commonwealth saw. The cane is cut when the seed is peach (Prunus vulgaris) originated in
h in the Union of States. For a few years in the milk state, andowing to the great the same part of the world and must
just past, the farming interests of our amount of water it is difficult to cure have been very similar to the almond.
country were, to a large extent, lost thoroughly except in a dry climate. I The first fruit obtained from the peach
, sight of, in view of the great interest of intend to experiment with it, and ,will is known to have been very inferior. In
her fruit culture, and came near proving give you the result of my'efforts. It is Lts native state the fleshy envelope of the
disastrous. In fact, did prove disastrous unquestionably a superb fodder as pre- seed may have been nearly as thin. and
3 but only to the extent of opening- the pared in Texas, but I never saw it used dry as that of the almond. In cultiva-
. eyes of the people, and not to their utter from the heavy matured cane. Very tion the aim has been to improve the
ruin. Previous to the great fruit craze likely it would be too harsh for good seed or nut of the almond and the flesh
1 -which' was not all a craze by any stock feed (sarcocarp) of the peach.
means-farmers in this section raised rSpeaking of sorghum reminds me that The two trees differ but little from
everything they consumed, and we are if is a splendid food for hogs when al- each other in appearance. The flowers
f glad to know that they are rapidly get- lowed to mature, and if our people would are smaller and borne in pairs; the leaves
ting back to "first principles." .When give this matter some attention we are smaller and slightly different in ser-
, our farmers come to produce all the might remove our smoke houses from rature; the fruit is compressed, and when
farm crops, garden truck and fruit they Kauas (Cit to our own premises. The ripe is hard and green. The fleshy por-
r can, then surely Florida will rapidly juice of the cane and the'ripe seed will tion splits on the edges, dries and cleaves
grow rich, and her people prosperous and fatten a hog equal to corn, and all stock away from the nut, as shown in the illus-
l happy. will thrive on it in its green state. A traction, which is taken from a photo-
i A T-. ...v. few acres will make sufficient to fatten graph of a specimen grown at Lawtey.
A Labor having Implement all the hogs needed ona small farm, and Mr. Joseph Crawshaw, of that place, has
The Roberts potato digger, wanufac- we must look after these small matters a number of sweet almond trees in his
tured by James Thornton, Philadelphia, if we would thrive. Sorghum cane is a pear orchard, which have fruited very
is an ingenious implement, as is shown first class thing to have on a farm. well. It is not to be expected that the
C. B. COLLINS. almond can be grown for profit in this
OCAL.1, FLA., July 14, 1887. country, butitis well for any one.to have
a few trees by way of variety.
Having learned that Mr. C. A. Bacon,
Experiments with Grasses. of Ormond-on-the Halifax, had some
Last summer, while at Lake City, we almond'trees, we wrote to him recently
strolled out to the dairy farm of Mr. J. concerning them, and Hlave received
._ C. Macfarlane and were pleased to find the following reply. The dropping
1 / a large quantity of forage undergoing of the fruit of which he complains,
careful cultivation. Recently we wrote may have been caused by the cur-
to Mr. Macfarlane to give us the results culio. Mr. Crawshaw's trees are on
of his experience of last year, which he low, flat-woods land which has to be
has kindly done, as follows: ditched. Fertile, well drained land,
I find that teosinteproduces the great- with available clay subsoil, we suppose
eat amount of feed, but it is so succulent to be best suited to the almond, but we
it \ i without molding, % hereby it is ren- have had more experience. Following
dered almost worthless for dry feed. is Mr. Bacon's letter:
The rural branching sorghum was EditorFlorida Fa~ierand.~'uit-Grower:
-3 -very satisfactory. I cut it severaltimes, Yours of the 18th inist. is at hand. I
and when it matures its seed, which is take pleasure in. answering, but should
*OTATO DIGGER. very abundant, makes fine feed for be more p leased if I could make better
dickens. --', repoif Two years ago I received from
by the accompanying illustration, and it I think for all purposes ri ut is Mr. Berckmans two almond trees, the
is recommended as being not only a labor hard to beat, and every farquo R .pit to Princess and Sultan, planted them on
saver but a crop saver, it being claimed have some of it planted. If : : i rich hammock land, have given them but
for it that it will gather five bushels per land he can cut it every weekl- ..i-; the little care, except clean culture, ashes '
acre more than would be gathered by rainy season. V---" -- and "Plow Brand." They have made "
ordinary hand labor. I have tried nine different kinds of vigorous growth, and this spring the
The machine consists of a two-horse grass. So far as my observation goes, Princess bloomed profusely, but am
plow. which may be used alono and an 'the Beimuda grass will make the sum- sorry to say, dropped its fruit.
attachment consistingotf a wheel resting mer grass, and the Texas blue the winter This spring, believing that clay would
on the ground, which communicres a It a gra s. It is a vigorous grower and has be a benefit to them, I duga trench four i
rotary motion to a sort of revolving nbne of the fibrous roots near the surface feet fromthetrunk,spade wide, eighteen
prong hoe which picks the tubers from to he burned out by the sun. Of course, inches deep, entirely around the trees,
the freshly turned furrow and throws tfie richer the soil the stronger it will and nearly filled it with marsh soil (clay a
them over on a vibrating rack, which -ow. The native grasses will not take and humus). The trees have made won. s
sifts out he remaining earth that may be it;, as they are only short lived and grow derfulgrowthsince. Some limbsof new i
attached to them, auddeposits them in a a'after it has produced its seed and is at growth are now four feet long I treat t
row to the left of the plowman, r,est, and as soon as the moist, cool them as I do the peach, cutting back one- is
"_--'-+ ------ weatherr sets in up it ehoots again and is half the new growth in the fall.
-The Tallahassean 'boasts of a lot of green and grows all winter. : C A. BACON. t
figs, all of which measure 9J inches in' L.1 also find timothy, orchard grass, ORMOND-ON-THLE-HALIFAX, t
circumference. Kentucky blue grass, red clover and July 20,1887.


Manuring the Grape.
The government committee in France,
after several years' investigation of the
manuring of the grape, and of results of
a series of experiments with potash ma-
nures, report strongly against nitrogen-
ous mauures, including stable manure,
as being "' nore hurtful than useful,"
which accords with common practice;
also that feeble grape vines consume as
much manure as vigorous vines.
Potash should enter into the composi-
tion of manures for grape vines, the ele-
ments in the soil being generally in bad
condition for assimilation; potash car-
ries forward in some way with it the
other fertilizing principles.
Potash from the root passes to the vine,
to the leaves, then to the twigs, to arrive
at last to the fruit, of which it favors
the development. Its migration is com-
parable to those of the nitrogenized ele-
ments and phosphates.
The potash introduced through the
root in the course of a season is not en-
tirely consumed, since it is found after
fructification, reserved in s-ufficien t
quantity in the wood and in the tv.wigs.
The Times-Democrat quotes the above
from the Rural Messenger, and adds:'
Bone meal and ashes doubled our crop
of grapes in Tangipahoa parish the
second year after the application, and
increased the size and quantity 100 per
cent.
Delaware Grape in Lake Co.
A Delaware grape vine on Mrs. 0.
Kennedy's place near Sorrento, seems to
demonstrate the practicability of grape
growing in Florida. The vine was '
grafted on a will stock in FEbruary,
1896. It is trained upon a flat t.ellis or
arbor. it now has three ma'n canes,
each some thirty-five feet in lengt.bh,
besides uumer:o'ut lateral canes. It holds
upwards of one thousand bunches of
fiuit. The bunches are perfect, even to
the tip- of the laterals. It is estimated
that the crop upon this single vine iill
exceed one hundred and fifty pounds in
weight.
To Kill Nut Grass.
In response to an inquiry which ap-
peared in the Southern Cultivator, two
persons sent in their experiences, which
appear in the current issue:
'. FIRST METHOD.
Don't allow it to seed; Two years
time, if not allowed to seed, will thor-
oughly exterminate the pest. I know
this from actual experience. It is the
common impression that 'nut grass prop-
agates from the nut; this is true for one
or two years, -after which time, if the
land is not replenished with seed, the nut
will perish and die.
SECOND METHOD. .
We have an old garden spot that be-
came infested with nut grass to such an
extent that we thought we would have to
abandon it,as nothing would eat the stuff.
But concluding to try something better,
we plowed it up and planted it in Bur-
muda grass after the plow in every fur-
row, about ten to twelve in a foot.- The
grass sprang.up and soon covered the
ground. That was three years since,
.nd now you cannot, find a sprg of nut
grass except on the- edges of the plat
where we did not get a stand of the
Bermuda.

German Millet.
'German millet, a most' valuable hay
plant, yields largely of very nutritive
feed; also, a large yield of sced, and for
this purpose it is largely and profitably
grown in Middle Tennessee aLd other,
sections of the South, producing some-
times fifty bushels of seed per acre.
Southern seeds are best to sow in a
Southern lati'ude-three pecks per acre
on rich land. broadcast. The seed bed
should be prepared.with care, and har-
rowed until the clods are crushed and.
the soil made fine. If the land is in good
ix, the seed may be sown just before a
rain, without brushing them in, though,
t is a safer plan to brush in lightly.
The seed heads are equal to fndiant
corn, and care should be bad in feeding-
hem to horses and mules, for fear of
under. Five tons of hay per acre is
not an exceptionally large yield on very
ich land. This crop being a gross feeder,
nd maturing so rapidly (ninety days),
raws heavily upon the soil. It is a most
valuable forage crop, and is growing
early in popularity wherever grown.

Advantages of a Wheat Crop.
First, it is a money crop; that is, a.
rop which can always be sold for cash,
being the staple article of food for al-
iost the entire civilized world. It is a
product that the farmer himself wants a
rge portion of and must have. He
bould at least try to grow his own fam-
y supply. It is a crop all of which can
used on the farm if the market price
not satisfactory. It is sown in the fall.
while most others are sown in the spring,
us distributing the farm work. It ta
e best known crop we have with
hiob to seed to grasses.-Rural World.


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FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, JULY 27, 1887.


jrclmq[dand mqden

S FRUITS OF THE ANTIPODES.

Japanese Varieties that Should
Do Well Here.
S Some weeks ago we published a por-
tion of an interesting paper contributed
by Mrs. H. H. Burger to ithe Rural Cali-
fornian. We now present the remainder:
JAPANESE ORANGES.
.:. The Japanese orange family claims to
have about forty different members. All
S the sweet s&-edless resemble each other in
shape and flavor, and differ but little in
S size. They never attain moi, than two
S or three inches in diameter, but ate, on
S account of their yery agreeable flavor
and juiciness, highiy to be recom-
-ine:nded. The tiee in'Japan is always
grafted near the root, not two or three
feet above the ground. Its habit and
=growth is scrubby or bushy. It reaches
a height of from twelve, to fifteen feet,
when, its, branches tr' Aliterally laden
with fruit. It would recommend itself
highly on account of its fruit, not only
.- -being'-Yery delicious, but also being most
S- -desirable for market purposes-the large.
-luscious and navel Riverslde oranges
L command such a high price that they
S. are only within reach of our wealthier
: classes -it is an orange for the smaller
S purses, that the Japan would be invalu-
..- able, as it could be. sold, owing to its
S smaller size, at a lower rate.
The tree bears very young. We had
this fall Irees aboutcne aud one-half feet
high, which after tie lou5 voyage, ar-
rived with fifteen to twenty oranges on
the branches.
The seed'.ess sweet are known in Japan
under many different names. They are
comprised here under the appellation of
Mandarin orange. Their habit is the
same. they are equally hardy, and it
would be difficult to name any one prof-
'erable variety. The fruit is certain to
find here a good market, as it combines
all the qualities of a fine orange-thin
rined, few or no seeds, very juicy, agree-
: able flavor. The fruits brought here
: from Japan are rather a poor criterion,
: as, if picked fully ripe, they might spoil
S .on the way; if picked unripe, they can-
S- :not be as good as if ripened naturally.
S Our hortic-ulturists can in a short time,
by making a trial on a small scale, de-
t termine the value of the different vari-
eties and judge for themselves.
o Tle orange "tree from Japan is rather
hardy, and mature trees can bear a frost
Sof 24 to -:6 degrees Fahrenheit; still, very
young trees cannot be said to, grow
where the ground is frozen solidfrom
November to February, as has been as-
'serted.- :
S A distinct branch of the Japanese of-
a&rge family is the Kan Mikan orange, or
Citrus Jflponica, a -fruit which blend's
the oraringe and lime. TLere are two dis-
tinct varieties of this fruit, one an ob-
long, the other a round fruit. They at-
tain the size of about a medium-.sized
plum or apricot, respectively. Tie tier
* is hardy, bears extremely young, the
fruit hanging on the branches in the
greatest profusion. We had plants fif-
teen inches to twenty-four inched high.
on which we counted seventy-six citrus
fruits. Iit does not claim to be a table
fruit, though, even eaten raw, it has a
very agieeable flavor. The rind can be
eaten with the fleh, being not thicker
than the skin of a plum or cherry. It
has a decided aromatic flavor, the flesh
is very juicy, with the sub acid quality
of a lime. very cooling and refreshing,
containing two seeds.
The main value of this fruit will be-
for preserving and crystallizing. For
This purpose it. is eminently adapted. It
is not necessary to take off the skin, on
account of its extreme thinness. The
aroma of the rind blending with the acid
of the flesh, will make it one of the
most desirable fruits for preserves, jel-
lies and crystallized fruit. Mr. Luther
Burbank, of Santa Rosa, who purchased
some of the trees from us this season,
cannot saeak too highly of them. Itisa
tree which will soon gain favor and
stand on its own merits, once known
among Cahlifornia's horticulturists. It
does not, like all Japanese orange trees,
attain a considerable height, its growth
being very bushy, with long, divergent
branches, ten to twelve feet being itE
height. It might be, then, that our glo-
rious climate would coax it nearer the
heavens.
PLUMS AND LOQUATS.
The many names under which Jap-
anese plums are known have in some
measure brought confusion into the
chapter of this fruit. Amongst the best
and most valuable is undoubtedly the
one introduced some years ago by Mr.
Kelsey, of Berkeley, and named 'after
Shim In Japan this variety is known as
-Botaukio of which the Hattaukio is a
variety. This latter differs from the
former in nothing except the bloom. It
is like the Kelsey, or Botakio, heart-
shaped, thick in flesh, small pit, fine.
vinous flavor; but v hereas the Kelsey is
covered with a rkch, reddish bloom, the
Hattaukio's bloom is yellow. Both are
excellent,a fine shipping plum, and good
for drying as well as for rable'fruit. The
Uwase, a large, round, reddish-blue plum,
.ripeningearly, ofa very fine flavor, juicy.
The Nagate ripens a little later than
Uwase-shape, roundish oblong; bloom,
greenish red. Lastly, a yellow, egg-
shaped plum, sweet and juicy, called by
Eastern nurserymen sotietimes Ogon.
many times Ogden. In matters of plum
trees; the various names having caused
some confusion, make it desirable for the
purchaser to be sure to receive what
stock he wishes to buy.
The Loquat Japonica also called Mes-
.* piles Jaoponico, Eriobolryd :Japo/iciz, or
Japan- Medlar. of which there is only
o one variety, is sometimes called Giant
Loquat on account of the sizeof its fruit.
-.which, a'te- all, is -simply the result of
.' the richer ground" in which it is grown.
._ .This.tree grows totbe very" large, is ever-
.., green;- boomingg ain -ail, toward the
d' clote of .:theyear, and matui'ing-its fruit
-- r .in-spridg..' The latter are of ,agreeable
flavor, shaped like-a yellow plum; wel


worthy a trial and the attention of or
chardists. Is a fine table fruit, and very
desirable for jellies and preserves. Might
alo be useful for evaporation.
OTHER FRUITS,
No peaches or pears, native of Japan,
are fit to eat. The pear seedlings make
excellent stock for grafting on account
of titeir vigorous growth and their being
peculiarly free from disease.
There is no fig in Japan, native, the
black and white Ischia imported from
there being far inferior to the varieies-
which we possess here in the White
Smyrna, San Pedro, White Adriatic and
White Genoa.
The Chinese honey peach and Tippon
will in iine prove a valuable acquisition
to our orchards.
The Marumotli or Giant Chestnut is so
called from its extraordinary size. it be-
ing not uncommon for- twelve- nuts to
weigh one pund;- A futher-commenda-
ble feature of- this tree is its coming to
lear when exceedingy young-four or
five years from the seed and two years
from the graft.
It is an as yet d'eputed point which is
the most profitable and best method to
plant and raise this tree. Not being able
to speak from personal experience, we
have to rely on the reports of our cus-
tomers. Mr. Win. Parry, of Riveston,
N. J., a recognized authority on horti-
cullural matters, writes to us undei date
of August, 2;3, 13b6s, that. trees grown
from nuts imported by us for him five
years ago bore some nuts of remarkable
size and quality, laiger than those pio-
duced by imported seedlings or grafted
trees. Mr-. rs. St,.-ir & Hiartiis imported
ihr,-ugh us very largely the giafted
tees.
From ith- Ersteru States, as well as
the South, very good reports as to the
value of the ie-',tnot from J'ipau. It
seems that the cold weatherof thle East
does not injure the tree, but that it flour-
ishes tbeie aud bears fine and large nouts.
The reports from tlhe are unanimously
the same, and the demand is increasing
largely;r Accorded a fair trial on the
Pacific coast, the same may be the ver-
dict, as the tree is extremely hardy, and
a young and prolific bearer.

Jersey Peach Growers Methods.
The Annual Report of the New Jersey
Experiment Station for the last year
contains a special' report on peach trees,
by JM. W hite, and gives interesting
statements of the success in the manage-
ment of the orchards which have been
subjected to good culture and treatment
with'fertilizers. We are informed that
orchards in that State on unman u r-ed
"land, usually live but six or seven years,
while with the useof chemical fertilizers
life and productiveness are prolonged
many years.-
- Among the successful orchards are the
following : MIF;srs. Culver & Blew, of
lhiddlefex county, have 4,000 trees, 1,60i0
of which are 12 yea's old, in good cond.i-
tion, producing fine fruit. The -oil is
tandy and gravelly, and rests on a clay
ut.'s,:ii. Blickwheat is sown in these
orchards the fia.t two years, and the
land is afteriwaids cultivated without
any crop. by p)owing very shallow twice
in the eas-,n. anrd feitihzed with bone
and lime. Win. Redmond, of the saun,
county, cout of 116.I000 trers has 4,,10ii
wl-ith are 15 yeais old, healthy and pro-
ductive. They are fertilized with barn-
yard manure .nd all the wood ashes at
command, and tho-rough cultivation is
given, which is found quite equal to
manure. D S. Wykoff, of the next ad-
joining county, from an oichard of 80'
trees. 12 years old, obtained 2,01.i0 baskets
of fruit last year, which sold for $91810
net. The orchard is fertilized wrlh
stable manure, and receives thorough
cultivation. Dr. H Pace. of Hunterdon
county, states that if his trees bear an
excessive crop they become unhealthy
with yellow leaves, and they present
some of the symptoms of the yellows:
but these symptoms are arrested if, on
their first appearance, muriate of potash
and aup-rphliosphate of lime are applied
at the rate of 4u0 or .10i lbs. per acre,
and as so-on a- the crop is gathered; but
if withheld until the wood becomes a
dark brown, the fertilizer may improve
the appearance of the tree, but never
restores it to health anti vigor.
E. B. Hendler, of Vineland, has QO00
trees 13 years old, which look well and
give paying crops. The land lhas thorough
cultivati:on from early spring through
the season, is treated with potash and
bone, and the tiees carefully kept free
from the grub or borer. E. F. Shiarp
has 800 trees 6 years old from which he
has sold, since coming into bearing,
4,00 baskets for $2.184l net. The trees
are planted in inverted ckiver sod, or on
ground which has been in corn one sea-
son, and crops with corn for two years.
using stable manure. After the first
year he uses 200 pounds each of bone
and muriate of potash per acre, giving
thorough cultivation and destroying all
borers. Robert Ware pursues nearly
the same course, and uses kainit, ashes
and bone. From 1,00)0 trees only four
years old he sold last year 1,200 baskets
of fruit for $520. I. M3. Smalley also
adopts a similar treatment in setting out
his orchards, and applies the same fer-
tiLizers. He sold some years from four
acres l,800 baskets of fruit for $1,800.
In 1876 he took up an orchard which
bad given paying crops till 21 years old.
C'harles Miller has used kainit and bone,
and there are upon his farm 50 trees 20
sears old. which bore a heavy crop the
past season.
In addition to the preceding several
other statements are given which want
of space excludes.
We observe iu nearly all the impor-
tance of potash and bone: that thorough
cultivation and the destruction of insects
is practiced; and that perfectly healthy
trees are selected for planting. The soil
is generally sandy or gravelly-, resting
on clay subsoil. Draintng, though not
mentioned,_is obviously of-much impor-
tance, as well as judicious pruning.
Thinning is not alluded to, but where
practiced it has given finer fruit which
sold for higher prices in .the market. It
will be observed that with none of the


orchards slip-shod treatmentand neglect sod. But if he is willing, a.nd is prc-pat- Land and Improvement Company,
have been attended with any success.- ed to do a large amount of plowing and w-rites under date of May -2d : "We
Country Gentleman.. harrowing, he may break up the sod as think TaE FARMER ANT) FRtIT GR'JWER
.--- late as June or even J'dly tif the ainy .thle best to be had for farmers in Flor-
Turnips and Rutabagas. season will permit' and still be entitled ida. We always get new ideas from it."'
Turnps ad Rtabaas. to expect a fair ,:rop, if only all the &ub-
In the July number of the Southern t1oluent oper'tana s are, tho)royghly per- Mr. E. W. AmnEden. of OCrmoud-on-te.
Cultivator Dr. Jones says: formed. The chief objection to late Halifax, wiites as foiuws : -"I am tak-
It is not tor early to cummenceto plan owing is that the native sd, when not ig teu papers o agri'tcultinural subject.?,
and piepare for planting the Tfall crops, wepl otted.,i is tough andt difficult to ite- and ift aked:l to sutieuder the FARMER
and even to plant some of them. The|.j1 ot g0 t of the way for I ANDt FRui- Gr.iwEr. I woult tell them
last week in July an.d the firs-t week in tr get nt of the wa, for the E. utl e
A ost evetsin Jlthe hottest and petisps strain berrv bed must be fine arid 'vervy to take th other nine. hut leave me
August meio othe hottest and per.a s yellow. If the sod is not broken up that. May peat-ce and plenty and years
dryest period the ummer. Au t or August. it will take great o race i ou to ontiue tie
1st being about the turning point in the de al of hard ioik to reduce it ; t -: good work."
breaking up of the heated term. Al-
though the dascotinue pretty hot. et planter will hbe apt to get discouraged: .The gent of Morgan's Bazaar, Starke.
and though the days coinu pthert hot chances are he will rnlate Bradford county, who is a news-dealer
they have been shoiteningsince the i0th with his p i noting. and the plants will be and subscription agent, writes as fol-
of June, and the aggregate hea i so small and so feebly tooted that-they lows: .-THE FARMER t FANDTFRU[lT-GR.:WER
and the moisture greater. will noarlIv, if not quire, perish in.the is the papi.r in au- aricul-lurtl point of
Rutabagas should be sown between jl
the20Rutabagas shoful and thbe sown between autumn l drought ; and will i ally so late view. I would not be without it, and
tie *20ith of Jula and the th of August, w t produce few berries in March, when honestly advise ail workers of the soil to
according to latitude, on none but wll- the- pieces are good sub"cribe tor-it."
-prepared, rich or highly fertilize-d soil. thet ice:s are-good.--- .... -.. subscribe for -it.'"
-prepared, ricw oi highly fmertilid se oi. A ciab grass sod may be reduced and Rev. T. W. Moore, of Marion county,
Don t throw away timeand sed. Beepoor, ,ccessfully planted, even if not broken writes: "'I believe your paper will do a
cloddy, badly prepared land. Better yu aprwIIId
wait late, put in better condition and p before the last of July or the first good work in disseminating new ideas in
week in August ; but with a wire grass regard to fruit, raising, farming, stock
plant in rough leaf varieties. h od the attempt would hbe well nigh raising. etc."fa
We ate not much impressed with the hopeless at that lat-e date. Still, I Lave
tur ip as a stock food crop in the South. n a his setleetwhe Mr. H. G. Daniels. of Amelia Island:
Their value for sheep folding anti(-tle inti mind a case, in this settlement..where..Jdigfo whtIavsenfte
Their value for sheep oldiug an cattle- belated immigrant began on a piece of "*JrIdging from what I have seen of the
feeding is one of those English traditions FaRMER AND FRIT-GR.WER. it is the
that have been transplanted to this eavy wire grass sod after the rainy sea- et agricultural paper published in the
country, with other English ideas aod on was entirely over, and yet. in'spite best agricultural paper published in the
practices, but wi thout much eults in drought. bad setting of plants. cut- South. I predict immense success for it."
practices, but without much results in w, | rwoe ot rf .N hior tteAn;
the way of realization. The climate of oi ms and all. he grew over $150 worth Pr-f. S. N. Whiter. of the Agritul-
the Sway outh ralizaon. the very peculiaity that e o very fln-, large. high colored berries, tuial College of Florida, writes as fol-
the South n the very peculiarity that which paid for all his labor and fertilizer, lovws: "I can say in all sincerity, it ha..,
eminently distinguishes tit as a cotton and gave him a snug little profit beside,. exceeded my mi.st sanguineexpectations.
country to be extensivelp retied on. The He applied stone lime at the rate of Already it is without a peer iu all the
certa in to be extensive Ieie onTe-u ih aels per acre, and worked South."
climat- of England is very different. about eight ha[trelsperacre, andworked South.'
Occasionallya rop of turnips makes a hissod fnlue, largely by hand. Mr. Char.s WV. Stevens of Orange
Occgreat hitonall and we car, understaned what If a wire grass sod is attacked late in county. writes: "Your paper far ex-
great it. and we can understand what he season, it needs to be cut and torn ceeds the hope-s of tile most sanguine
a God-send such a vegetable must be toie
such acotnty as England, where steet i every direction. After the breaking in irs good work. It fills a want
sh s I nd, ian up is done, tihe Randall or disc harrow long felt in tiis part for a tood ag-
potatoes, peanuts, chufas, Indian corn, shuld e used ne xt, ten a c.,mmon ricultural paper. Su,:ceis to you."
coittourand' what not can only ne grown tlbeUdij
as hotton and what cuiot can only e grown spike-tooth harrow, then the disc again, Mr. It. A. Ward. p,'tmadter at Mala-
as hot-h u i and so ,u until the sods are tritulated as bar. writes: I am delighted with the
finely ascan be done with machinery FARMER AND FR.nT.Ti:RrWER. and rec-
STRAWBERRY GROWING. after which the prong hoe will come in ommenid it to, all on account Of its Com-
", -- play. This, however, need not be re- e adaptation to the wants of this lat-
IV.-Preparation of Soil-Beds sorted to until the bedshave been thrown ite Oter aiultra papers co
and Drainage. up with a one-horse plow and harrowed ituo a u occarional article of inter-
and Drainage. It is rle.rable to have the edgesof the anolanecinlart-Pofne-
1BY S.WE It is cleal: to have the edges of the PIest to the farmers ot South Florida, who
"t cl- count beds as steep as possible; thus the .ut- care little or dairy news or gener--al
In the flat-woods of Bradford county side row of plants can be set close to the farming in the Norris, but the articles in
itis foundncessary toplantstraw .erries edgeand still b above theflov of w: tr. the FR.MRR AND FRcOIT.-GRWER are
in beds, well raised to secure drainage. It is also more convenient in picking. ood. very good. and I wish you the ,uc-
In sections where the soil is- -more- If the ground is in crab grass sod, it is you serve for furnishing Florida
sandy and porous this is not absolutely only necessary to invert it. If the har- farmers a paper that just fills the bill."'
necessary, but it is advisable every- row-slices are well turned over the grass are pp '
where for various reasons. In the first will all-be buried down ;- then the Ran- Mr. C. H. GLodrich. o:f Orange Park
pace, it is mbre convenient. Where dall to slice it, and the spike-tooth to write-s: "I must say that the FAPRMIER
there is a tolerably deep and wide ditch tritula'e it, will complete- the work. AND FRUiT-R-ROwER'is decidedly the best
between the beds, it affords a receptacle Dig out the dead furrows with a spade' publication of the kind in the State. i
for the mulch and grass in the fall or and throw the earth well up toward the take then all and can compare their
late summer, when the cleaning-up pro- middle of the beds to give them a little merits."
cess begins with the old beds. In the slope outward. Finish off with prong Prof. 11 L. Phaes-. the eminent pro-
second place, it gives the pickers a hoes and rakes, leveling up all the hol- fessor of biology in the Agricultuial Col-
chance to gather a great many of the lows, so that in a heavy rain the water lege of Misis-ippi. y in t ohern
berries without stooping so low as they shall not stand in puddles. kLe S .tk foiriinal : sHisi [the editor's]
are compelled to do on a uniformly flat Whether the ground is in wire grass vaIable paper already appearing in the
surface. Still, it is necessary to observe or crab grass sod. it should be:made fine first numbers are fulfilling our expecta-
caution in a loo;e, p:,rous soil, for if the and mellow for a depth of eight or ten 't ion and predi'tion. They may be fully
beds are made too narrow they will dry inches, relied upon for conscienti-.us .orrec-
out during a bought. LaswiE-Y, Fla. ness of statement and sLieutific accur-
In this locality it is sil a mooted NOrE.-In the issue of July 13, page ay of seta e "
question whether it is a profitable .,per- 1- i second colurumn. 7th and t9th lines Ran J. Win. Ewan. iting from
action to apply lime to raw land before it fromin the bottom, read "cold" instead of MiamiDd D Crin
is planted to strawberries. Certain it is "'sold." In the third column theite are Ma, ade county, ays : '-ertainly
that excellent results havebeen obtained self-evident errors in the "totals" of the you are donga g ood work in establish-
without the, applcatijon of any lime two Ltables of figure. S.P. Inganenlightenedand scientificsystemni
whatever, and even without previous of agriculture, which heretofore has
plowing down of a crop of cow-peas. So been-eousl neglected. Your paper is
far as my onobservationges, I attac HOW OUR PAPER IS REGARDED. inviting in appearance, pure in senti-
more importance to the liming than to meut. and progressive in principle, and
the cow peas, as a sweetener of the vir- A Few of Many Expressions of surely must succeed."
gin sod. That is to say, organic matter One of our subscribers at New Sniyr-
isofsecondary importance tothei -tr.tw- Approval. na whites us, under date of June 4th: "I
berry plant, compared with the mineral Mr. John A. Germond, of Keuka, must say thIIIat I admits the FARMUER AND
elements. For illustration I would cite writes, under date of July 5, us follows: FcFRII-GROWER very much indeed, and
the following fact: In my own planta- ".1 consider the FARMER A.NDI FRUIT- intend to be a permanent subscriber so
tion. which is set in young trees, it was GROWER the peer of any agricultural long as it is conducted in the very valu-
necessary to make the main beds con- paper published in the South." able manner in which it is now being
form to the orange beds, and to do this done."
I had the earth turned toward the tees Mr. W. C. Plyley. of Orange Heights, ...
three times with a one-horse Texas writes, under date of July 2: "You can Mrs. A. H. H of Winnemiset, Fla.,
Ranger plow. But I soon discovered not imagine the solid comfort I get from wites as fol-lows:. "We axe new comers
that these beds would be full wide to the sensible advice given in the FARMER and have much to learn, and your paper
thatthee bds oul beful wie t ..- ... ... : n.........is :usqt what we have wishedsfro ever
secure thorough and quick drainage ithe AID FRUIT-GROWER, in all matters pet- isjust wht we have wied or ever
eeur iniunnnlKariaern UsneO we arllved here. *ur Co(sy Lar-
orange rows being twenty-five teet Taming to the farm, from your able arrived here. .ur Cosy Cor-
apart so I had smaller beds, about six corps of contributors and the logical ner'contains just what every woman in
flprt~i, cc, I had -smaller beds. about six cL, .rnr 'rP-HFlrd uh t ed odso nor
teet wide, thrown up between. These views of the editor. The paper is a God- Floridaa ought to read, words of encour-
smaller intermediate beds were almost send to the granger who is threading agement and comfort to the homesick,
pure sand.asthe vegetable matter had the labyrnthan ways of Florida farming weary, struggling sisterhood. God
been turned over into the main beds, and fruit growing." bless -H. H.' May she live to write
been turned over into the main beds, '". .. many words of cheer. Her recipes, too,
leaving these smaller ones to be erected hMr. P. C. Minnich, of Waldo, writes: are so well. suited to Florida. As our
out of the subsoil of the dead furrows. "The new paper is just what all engaged resource. in the country are limited.
But these intermediate beds, to my sur- in tillinug the soil should have. We like il.._ a large Want
prise, produced the earliest and large the style in which it. is managed. Facts t fl a l .
ler ies, though fewer of them: and tle and not boom talk is what is needed for Mr. F. C. Coh'-ane," a bookseller and
plants on them were sinai erand did not the advancement of Florida." stationer of Palatka, writes, under date
continue to produce berries as It in M. Charles F. Oliverof June 1: "Your F-LORIDA FARMER AND
coninu toprouceber'ie as]at m Mr. Charles F. Oliverl, of New York FRUIT GROWER is a perfect success. It
the season as the larger beds which con- City, writes: "-I have seen but two is farOahead of anthin of the kind in
tamined more vegetable matter. Now, if copies of your paper, but am much the State, and every one interested in
there is one quality more than another taken with it. as I believe it is honest, horticu ltureor agriculure should ot be
which the Florida strawberry grower You have no idea what trouble we have iutueor gculue should not be
desires, it is earliness. The organic to find out anything about Florida that apt. R. E. Rose president of the St.
matter in the main beds gave a more can be believed." Capt. R. E. Rose. president of the t.
voluminous growth of foliage, aud for Holn. J. C. Pelot. o Manatee, wrtes Coud, Agricultural and Improvement
that vs-ry reason, apparently, did Lot Ho follCs Ilook u on w te as per _,o., Writes from Kissimmee, under
bring forward bet ries so promptly as did follows I look alupon your paperos date of June 10th, as follows: -The
the comparatively small plants which ole of the most valuable additions t FARmR continues to improve, and, as I
giew on the sandy, light-colored beds. our agricultural interests. It is ably predicted, is becoming the standard ag-
T.e latter seemed oatorbmoreuicly edited, practical, directs attention to ricultural journal of the South.
TI.e latter see ed toa ,sorba i orequicly matters of primary importance in the
and respond more readily to the pta h dpveToruentof our various industries Mr. W. N. Justice, commission mes-
and the phosphoric acid of the fertilizer, development of our various industries M
thandid the lap ho w a i and caries with ita spirit of energy and chant of Philadelphia, writes: "-Having
than did the large showy plants on the enterprise that must address itself to e- received the first issue of your agricul-
beds which had the higher percentage er searcher after information." tural paper, and being delighted with its
of nitrogenous matter. Istonly s eace-fe nomto.
of nitrogenous matter. I strongly sus- tone, we wish you to insert our card for
peer, also, that the berries on the sandy, Mr. J. V. Dansby, of Pensacola, ex- six months."
light-colored beds were sweeter and presses himself as follows: "The FARMER One of the prominent citizens of At-
firmer (therefore better to sbipt thanIN AND FRurr-GROWER is the best thing in anta, Ga.. writing to the publishers of
those on the dark beds, but of this I its way I have seeu. It is just the paper the F F & F-G says: "Your last yen-
could not positively affirm, needed, and if you keep it up to the pres- ture the F.ORa. FARMER AND FRUlT- -
I am not unaware that it is the coin- cnt standard of excellence must become GROWER, is a tenlarkable one for the
mon belief that old lands are to be se- popular with the people. I can't see beauty of its mechanical execution and
elected for strawberry growing. But this whete you have left any room for in- the cuisp, fresh and appropriate charac-
fact does not conflict, at all with the trovement." ter of its editorial and. selected matter.
facts and reasoning above set forth, in: Mr. Thomas Meehan, the distinguished Professor Curtiss evidently knows how.
asmuch as it is the vegetable matter horticulturist and proprietor of the Ger- to work, and 'knowledge is power' only
which has been dissipated in old culti-' nautown nurseries, in a letter dated when there is indomitableenergy behind,
vated lands to a greater extent than the March 5th, writes: 'LI am very much it. But I need not preach to C. H. Jones
mineral. As above remarked, it is tie pleased with the FARMER AND FRUIT- on this topic, as his pushing of -the
paramount object of the Floiida glower GROWER, and shall read it regularly. Times-Union to success over or through
to get an early, firm berry: and t-:, a- [ which you know is a high compliment mountains of opposition and difficulties
complish this purpose he needs a light, for an editor to pay to an exchange." insurmountable to a man of less daring
porous soil, which will serve as a quick I o and persistent qualities, clearly proves."
medium to convey the feitilizeis tothe I ".,, Mr L H Armstrong, of St. Nicholas, an p s .
rootlets. He does not. require a lai e Dural county, writes under date of Mr. G. IM. Whttston, of Mikeeville,
amount of vegetable matter, the so- April 26th : "THE FLORtDA FARMER AND Columbia county, writes under date of
called humus, to choke and clog the ac- FRtgr GROWER has tar surpassed expec- June 17: "I encloseC $2 for the-FaBri
tion of the potash and develop a tardy, tations. It sheds light on many obsscure AND FRtIT-GRoWER. I will try and get
soft berry. p "" ages in the book of Florida's posstbdli- some more sutscribcrs for your paper. I
If the grower, in default of old land, ties in tru-t, forage, live stock and in the have seen two or three copies of it, and'
is compelled to.resort to a raw sod; he development of her vast store of hidden think it is the'best paper of the -kind I
ought to have: it plowed as early as resources. havd ever. sebn, and the onlyone suttd'
March to secure a "rotting of the Mr. hrvingKeck, oftheB6ovlingGreen to ourcounhty."> :- :. --*-. : "


PRICE OF SUBSCRIlPTION:
One Year ......................200
Six Month .................... 1 00
Three Months B0O
SPOKEN GOPIBS FR=. -'
s x ur .. s a.

Address subscriptions and'other brinness com. 't 5
mimliaclonas to. '.'. :

C. H.jTONES.&.BRO.,-:
- .-.UU, ,--f. -BB. -.. :
-Conimanioaonsror the editorlaP'dh$artm6nt
hollld'be adBdressedto I
:A. HCURTISS'Ldat:;z
606 Mi:;cs, FWa.


234


FLORIDA






AND-




Frul-itriwtr,

-A- -



Wel!k Jouial,

DEVOTED TO THE

Farm,


GardeOin, i


Orchard
*.. AND

HOUSELDtO EDOJOMIY




A H. CUtRTISS,
EDITOR.
This journal wail have for i lelauig':,ibect .
th, promotion of ruail D inuErtre'- ir Floridr and
wal advocate especially a moire -Li-er-idedl and :
intensive system of agriculture gand greater--
economy of home resources. _
AEsumnug that the figi ctuJrural adapian:-ansof .
a large porti:-n,:,' Fior;-ja nre is yet but Limper-
'e :ilv itmde-rst-:odi, a spE-al aLm of tt60 iturnal )
will be I.:,. det-eritbe the best resiurlt which have
be.n iceomplished, with the exact -methods em-
plo:yed. ,.it all influen-,es affecting sucih resnlas;-:
aio t(. euggetL c xperimenr, describe new or hrtle -
krnown cr:'-p., iruts, i.:., andTerord the progress
agit ulirre Lr neigh'.:-ru g tate. + tes
C.:-mnMeu-:1g wr;th the fr';t- nun'ber anid con-
tLuitng through the .eason fi'r



Tree Planting,
Tnr, %lt ie n s-r'-c .:.. ferrtice,6 on -rLL.rE-nrher
ihan tn., e ,J' E i) ,:i'ris gro:..ip--wceh have
pr- vr-l ni,.,t 6uccci;fui t thi3 ti-ate. E.ach va-
'ely w ill it-e b'ltl Dand

Illustrated,
Andl there will be notes rom persiioa whio Lave
had rS.i-,r;enc-'e it us cliaJttono. 'tns eWill be
f'odJowed by a 5ilajlAi erle6on

Forage Plants,
Amnd otnersubLjeet>6 will be illisrrated to a limited
extEnt.
MUtit aLttentri -irl be devoted to

Live Stock
Anid u-- the home procdn etionof' forage andferrilb-
zers, [rwo eieOucmies whch are esEennal to auc-
cess6tit far iLng.
Qteeiions reiative to ailments of domestic
an, male t il be answered by ia" able veterinary
urgeon who r formerly edjted a take department
oi [rue

Turf, Field and Farm.
A due amount of pace will be devoted to
household economy and to reports of the mar-
keits, and the departments of

Truck-Gardening,
Floriculture,
Poultry,
Veterinary
Practice, etc.
will be contributed to by persona who have made
specialties, or those branches.
All pornonsol the State will receive a due
amount of attention, and their'tuterests will'be
retre-ented by able c'jrrespondentas.
Uuder no circumstances will thitjournal be-
come the *' organ of any asaociation or locality.
It will start out untrammelled and Will repre-
rent all sections and interests with absolute im-
partiality. .* .


Published at Jacksonville on Wednesday
of. each week.








FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. JULY 27, 1887.


COMPOSITION OF THE SOIL,

Laws, Governing the Natural
Supply of Plant Food.
BY PERCTVAL BREWER.
The soil is the basis of successful agri-
.culture, and it ought, to be thoroughly
understood by the farmer. We will con-
sider the soil in two ways: first. as a
mass, which consists of particles of
water collected together, having certain
physical properties; second, as a mixture
of substances, each of which has definite
chemical properties.
If the properties of asoil are due to its
S. physical formation, they are termed
physical properties, and if they are due
to its chemical composition, they are
distinguished as chemical properties.
Soil is largely mineral in its character,
although all good natural soils contain
vegetable matter. but in varying propor-
tions.
Most soils, when carefully examined.
and broken up, are found to contain
stones, gravel of all sizes, sand, fine
sand, very fine sand, powder. very fine
powder, etc., until the powder getsso
fine that-it will take several days for it
to settle when mixed with water and let
stand. This mechanical separation can
be made by the aid of seives and water.
The lighter portion consists mosly of
clay.
S: No very important or practical con-
clusions can be drawn from this separa-
Slion. About the only result of any im-
portance, is that we can approximate
the relative proportion of clay and sand
the soil contains, although it is usu-
ally possible to tell from the texture
of the soil whether it contains much or
little clay. One thing we should notice
very particularly, especially if we are
examining a sandy soil, and that is
whether theparticles of sand be large or
small, as the smaller and more divided
the particles are, the more likely we are
to have a fertile soil.
S A soil which contains much lime is
called calcareous, and can be easily rec-
ognized by its light color. We can easily
detect small quantities of lime, as it in-
variably exists as carbonate. Place a
S little of the soil in a plate. Wash it
it to expel all the air. Then add a little
sn]phuric acid, or any other strong acid
will answer. If lime is present effer-
vescence commences immediately. We
can judge of the relative quantity by
the duration of the effervescence. Only
one other substance is likely to be pres-
ent that would cause this action, that
being a sulphide, as sulphide of iron,
but this would give off sulphuretted by-
drogen gas. which has a very disagreea-
S ble odor, like that of rotten eggs.
From the physical examination of a
soil we can also form some idea as to
the relative quantity of vegetable mat-
ter, such as roots, muck, dreayed leaves,
etc.
Soils differ greatly in their physical
characteristics: the aspect. elevation,
depth, texture, drainage. etc., all exert
an influence on the productive power of
a soil. Soils vary front the coarse peb-
bles and loose sands to the most finely
attenuated clays. The soil best adapted
to successful cultivation is one consisting
mostly of sand mixed a ith a moderate
quantity of clay and a little vegetable
matter. This soil is easily tilled, will
absorb and retain a moderate quantity
of moisture and of the soluble and vola-
S "tile portions of manure, but if the per
cent. of sand is too large it does not. pos-
sess these proportions to any appreciable
degree. When clay predominates, the
soil is difficult to till, will grow fewer
crops, retains moisture often to excess,
is Lardy in getting warm in spring, and
does not admit of the free access of air.
A clay soil is very slow in promoting
the chemical changes necessary to the
proper assimilation of manures by veg-
etation. But then it has the important
property of absorbing, retaining and
holding in reserve the valuable constitu-
ents of manures.
To bring the mechanical properties of
a soil into the most advantageous state
necessary for plant growth. requires
close observation. It is most important
to bring the soil into the highest state of
cultivation to facilitate the absorption
of air, moisture and warmth, upon
which the chemical properties have no
influence whatever, and is absolutely es-
sential to the development of thbe neces-
sary chemical changes which take place
in the process of germination. The
finer the particles of a soil are divided
the more readily they are acted upon by
the air and water, heat and cold, and at
the same time we provide the seed with
a soft bed, and favor the extension of
the roots in all directions in their search
for the proper food for the promotion
and maintenance of the plant.
Thus we see that we can derive con-
siderable information from a careful
and simple examination of tlie physical
properties of a soil, and if we can have,
in connection with this. a chemical
analysis, we can then form a very accu-
rate opinion as to its agricultural capa-
bilities, and indicates the fertilizing
materials which would be the most ben-
eficial
The analysis of a soil is necessary to
determine whether or not. the constitu-
ents of the soil are present in a form
easily assimilable by the plant, and also
whether the soil contains any matter
injurious to vegetation. It is frequently
found that the soil contains an abun-
dance of constituents essential to main-
tain a maximum crop, but are present in
an insoluble form. and cannot be util-
ized by plantsuntdthey are transformed
into soluble substances by the action of
the. atmosphere, heat, water, etc., and
th s action ia greatly facilitated by thor-
ough cultivation.
The active.constituents of a soil are
Those substances which can be imme-
diately assimilated by plants, and are
.- .~beneficial to vegetation. The dormant
-nstituents are those which are not
available and cannot be taken up by


ri!-' .* -- -,


,- V .


plants until they have been trans-
formed.
When we remove a crop fwn the soil,
there is always considerable vegetable
matter remaining in the shape of roots,
leaves, etc., and these have no inconsid-
erable influence in promoting the growth
of the next crop. Gophers, salamanders,
worms, etc., add their mite of vegetable
matter to, the soil, and also bring a
great deal of the subsoil to the surface.
- That portion of the soil 'that disap-
pears in :burning is termed organic
matter, or humus, decyed vegetable
matter, the properties of which are
indefinitely understood. But we know
that it is a very important and beneficial
constituent of the soil. Upon the com-
plete oxsiccation of organic matter, the
carbon it contains is transformed by the
aid of the oxygen of'theair into carbonic
acid gas, which permeates through the
minute interstices of the soil, upon
which it confers the very important
property of decomposing and dissolving
many of the constituents of the soil,
which, but for the presence of carbonic
acid, would have been left undissolved.
The only other constituent of organic
matter that is of any value as plant food,
is nitrogen. Its presence in the soil is
essential for the luxuriant growth of
most plants.
That portion n ,t driven off by heat is
called inorganic or mineral matter. By
the soluble mineral constituents is meant
all the substances contained in the soil
which are essential to promote the
growth of vegetation, the most impor-
tant of which are lime, potash and phos-
phoric acid. These three elements fur-
nish the most of the mineral constituents
of plants. Of course there are other
mineral elements just as essential to
their growth, in very small quantities,
and they are always present in the
poorest soil. They are maguesia, soda,
sulphur, chlorine, silesia, iron, alumina
and perhaps manganes,.
The bulk of the soluble portion of the
soil consist-- of iron and alumina, usually
present in nearly equal proportions. A
soil which does not contain the necessary
quantities of lime, potash, phosphoric
acid and organic matter, will never be
truly fertile until the deficiency is sup-
plied.
The great obstacle to profitable agri-
culture is that the majority of farmers
are entirely ignorant of the composition
of the soil'they cultivate. This can be
remedied by getting a partial analysis
made of the soil, which will indicate
what important constituent is deficient,
and what substances would be the most
economical and profitable to use as a
fertilizer.
The insoluble constituents of a soil are
termed the silicious compounds, which
vary from five to ninety-five per cent. of
the whole soil.

Agricultural Inventions.
A peach stoner has been patented by
Mr. James H Smith, of Little Rock,
Ark. It is strong and simple in con-
struction, and designed to work with
great rapidity and certainty, being cal-
culated to stone from three and a half to
four bushels of clingstone peaches pert
hour.
A combined hay rake and tedder has
been patented by Mr. Ca.sius M. Max-
son, of Portville,' N. Y. This invention
covers various novel details in the con-
struction and combination of parts of a
machine which can be readily adjusted
for use as rakes or as tedders, and which
is calculated to be reliable in operation
in either capacity.
A dust conveyor for threshers has been
patented by Mr. Lyman A. Miller, of
Carbondale, Ill. Combined with the
threshing cylinder and feed board are a
fan and fan case, with a tube having its
vertical portion provided with inwardly
or rearwardly projecting tubes, extended
to conform to the lower side of the feed
board and then carried upward and rear-
ward to cause it to overhang the feed
board.
A combined seeder and fertilizer dis-
tributor has been patented by Mr. Isaac
N. Franklin, of Lake View, Chicago, Il.
The construction is such that the seed
and fertilizer are simultaneously dropped
in one spot on one side of the machine
into a furrow made by the opening cut-
ter or plow, the fuirow afterward being
closed by the driving wheel, the inven-
tion covering. various novel details and
combinations of arts.
An improved plow jointer, for cutting
off the edge of the fuirow slice and de-
positing it in the previous furrow, has
been patented by Mr. Thomas Lowden,
of Lowell. Mich. The invention covers
a simple construction, whereby it is in-
tended that the draught of the plow
shall not be sensibly increased, and the
jointer will act substantially in the ordi-
nary form. and it is so made that it itcan
be used as an attachment for any form
of plow.-Scientific American.

Cheapness of Ensilage.
A leading farmer and stock raiser of
Virginia, has furnished the Staunton
Vindicator the following account of his
experience with a silo:
Last August I put up a framed build-
ing 1x2l and 12 feet high. The frame
is eight inches, planked up on both
sides. The space between was filled
.with sawdust. I put in a plank floor
and covered with plank, with a door in
one corner at the ground. The building
did not cost more than $20, with an esti-
mated capacity of 30 tons. On August
Q3d green corn was cut. Not having
planted the corn for the purpose, and
only a- an experiment, I selected the
lightest growth in the cornfield. The
corn was cut in half inch lengths bysteam.
power, and during the filling of the silo
three men tramped the cut fodder as
tight as they could pack it. The silo
was filled only half full, not feeling s're
that this plan of house would keep it
well. The top was then covered with
one and a half feet of wheat chaff and
placed loose planks, closely fitted, cov-
ering the ensilage top. Upon the plank
was but two feet of stone. The gable


ends were nailed up, and the job was
complete at a cost of about $1 per ton.
On December 5th I opened the door at
the bottom, made for the purpose of get-
ting the ensilage out. I found it in
splendid condition, except a few inches
around the sides and on top Fearing
there would be some trouble to teach
stock to eat it, some of the ensilage was
offered to horses, cows and hogs-all ate
it at once with as much relish as if it
was green clover. After feeding the
ensilage a few days to cows, they in-
creased their flow of milk, besides giving
a richer quality. The stock, which have
been fed upon ensilage alone, except ac-
cess to a straw stack, have- increased in
weight and manifest an increased appe-
tite and taste for it. It is said that green
clover, cut when in bloom, makes as
good ensilage as green corn.

OUT OF SEASON.

The Gardeners' and Farmers'
Neglected Opportunities.
BY S. L. REED.
We have often heard it remarked that
this and that vegetable, or it may be
fruit, are good in this season. Now, we
have eaten nice green peas in Novem-
her, and we never tasted better. Who
would refuse such a dish on account of
the season? It is just as sensible to talk
of potatoes and wheat in their season.
For fall planting take an early variety
and sow-so late as to allow only suffi-
cient time to secure the crop before a
killing frost can catch it, and not more.
If sown too early the vines will be in-
jured by mildew. A little judicious
management in these things will richly
repay your trouble, and after you have
once found how delicious these things
are "out of season," you will long for
them evermore.
Early turnips are in order, and these
nice, juicy roots are both palatable and
nutritious. They can be grown here,
both early and late. Lettuce and rad-
ishes may be had nearly the whole year
round, and Irish potatoes and tomatoes
about the same. This is the kind of food
one ought t6 eat, and we cannot tell, for
the life of us, why it is that there are so
few things raised, when there can be
half a dozen, and often many more, in
the garden ready for the pot at all times.
Some have them, and what one does
another can if he will.
We have eaten at the house of a Ken-
tuckian who had eight kinds of vegeta-
bles on his table from his own garden.
He had no use for "canned stuff," and
would not allow it in his house, for he
had heard that it was sometimes
.'pisen."'
Speaking of turnips, he said he always
sowved the purple-top flat Dutch, as it
grows quickly, which is a desirable
quality, ,is they get pithy if long in the
ground.
For summer planting we have the egg
plant. The large purple is the best.
With plenty to feed on, it grows lux-
uriantly here. Both the tall aud dwarf
okra are at home n our warm climate,
and are a very desirable addition to our
bill-of-fare. Collards may be grown all the
year, and cabbage nearly so. Sweet.
corn is not so easily grown, but has met
with some success. Our field corn is
very good as roasting ears. and our
squashes and melons run rampant in
summer
That one piece of land is as good
as another to grow these things, is
no-t true. They ar- more apt to be in-
jured by drouths on high tthan on low
lands, and it requires more care, as well
as judgment, to grow things here in
summer than in winter.
As a general thing. our gardens have
ever been sufficiently fertilized. What
Peter Henderson pute on the rich lands
of his New York farms would be a won-
der to the average Floridian.
When we come up to such a standard
of high manuring, then, and not till
then. will it be seen whatcan be done in
Florida. We want to settle this question.
for then we shall have no fears in offer-
ing inducements to the great number
who are constantly asking: "'What can
we raise in Florida?"
Look at the English farmer. He feeds
his land before it is hungry, rests it be
fore it is weary, and weeds it before it is
foul. This is something that should be
kept in mind, for it is the secret of suc-
cess, if there is a secret. And one can
no more succeed on a farm without
judicious management than in any other
business.
The average farmer cannot depend on
commercial fertilizers. He must have a
muck pond, and should also have a barn-
yard, where everything that can im-
prove the soil is utilized, and this cannot
be done unless there is stock of some
kind. Horses we must have to work;
cows we must have for milk anIl butter,
and this State will never get on a sure
footing until every farmer has plenty of
both.
The present cattle system is not to be
thought of in connection with successful
farming. Our woods are full of wire-
grass, and that is about all the Florida
cattle subsist on, and some of them keep
in pretty good order on that. We find
them in great numbers all over the woods,
yet there is no home-made butter for sale,
and it is seldom that milk can be had.
The cows give from two to four quarts a
day. The calf must have half of this, and
they are generally notin first classorder,
owing to the stinted quantity of milk
they get, for the whole of it is no more
than the calf needs in order to do well.
When the cows are kept up and fed
they give much more, and all the manure
can be utilized, which is a great, saving
It is said that a cow's feed can be raised
with her own fertilizers when none of it
goes to waste. This is an item that
should be looked into, for milk and but-
ter are things that it is not good to be
without.

Pyrethrum will destroy bees, wasps,
ants, most of the beetles and some of the
true bugs (hemiptera), plant lice, mos-
quitoes, etc., but some of the bugs and
beetles withstand its influence.


Advantages of Irrigation.
D. H Lemon, of La Platte county,
Col., writes to the American Agricul-
turist:
Having been raised on a farm in Illi-
nois, and followed farming the most of
my time since being a man, and having
seventeen years' experience in irrigating,
I do not hesitate tu say that farming in
a country where the people have to irri-
gate pays I.etter than where it isnot con-
EiJered necetsarv. There are no fail-
ures of crops, and there is not an acre of
land in the world that would not produce
-more of any kind of a crop with irriga-
tion.than if left to depend on rain.: The
extra yield where land is irrigated more
than pays the expense of irrigating
Grain raised by irrigation is much heav-
ier than most grain that is raised in a
country where they depend on rain. At
about harvest time it is usually dry, and
sometimes the grain dries up instead of
ripening as it should, and then, of
course, the grain is light; whereas, if the
farmer had water to irrigate with, the
grain would be plump and heavy.

Florida's Tobacco Crop.
The Florida Tobacco Plant reports on
this vear's tobacco crop as follows iwe
have tabulated the acreage of counties):
The Florida tobacc.:. crop fall very far
short of the expectations of the earliest
months of the year, the acreage of the
entire State being less than w hat it was.
expected Columbia county's would be.
This may be well, as far as our own sec-
tion of the State is concerned, for our'
people were totally unskilled in its cul-
ture, cure and manipulation, and would
have found a large crop an elephant on
their hands. As it is, they are gaining
experience with small quantities, that
will be of great value to them another
year, when they will have much more
to handle. For, instead of being dis-
couraged, in nearly every instance there
is a 'determination largely to increase the
acreage next year, and many will then
plant who this year did not. One cause
of the small acreage this year, particu-
larly in Columbia county, was the un-
favorable weather of the earlier months,
which caused a great loss of young
plants, but the greatest hindrance was
the very general failure to get plants at
all-a great many seed being lost in the
beds. This was partly from bad seed.
and partly from improper .sowing. Both
troubles will be obviated another year,
as the people -are getting experience
and saving seed which will be fresh and
sound.
We have visited within the past two
or three weeks a majority of the tobacco
now grown in this county, and have di-
rect returns from other sections as given
below. The crop generally is looking
finely, and the character of the tobacco
is good in nearly every instance, calry-
ing unmistakable marrks of the Cuban
quality. It is ripening well, and has
been but little troubled by the worm,
and the growers can rest pretty well as-
sured of an average of twenty-five cents
a pound for it. Some will receive more
and some less, according to quality and
handing.
The total acreage of the State, it will
be seen, is but about :350, of which Gads-
den county shows 165 and Columbia 100,
the rest being scattering. Some of this
will produce at ihe rate of 1.000 pounds
per acre, and sometimes not more than
211.i or 3.10. It is safe to estimate an
average of 400 to 500 pounds per acre.
This will place the crop of the State at
about 500 cases of cigar leaf, allowing
300 pounds to the case, and of this Gads-
den county will have about 225 cases
and Columbia about 165, though most of
the scattering will probably be marketed
at Lake City, except the crop of Jeffer-
son county, about Monticello, of which
we have no definite returns, but which
may bring the acreage up to 400 and the
number of cases to 601.1.
The demand for the Florida product
is very active and growers will have no
trouble in selling.
The acreage as reported is as follows:
.-Acre".
sGa s.ien countyr..... .....................I..1
Coiuimbira .. 7
M adi' ..u .......... ........ ........ ..........
B aker ................................ .....
Sum ter "........... ..... .
,iwaanee '* 5
D ural '* ......A..... ...
T,:otal .. ................. ...... 74
There is aloo some in Jefferson, Alach-
ua, Bradford, Leon, Hernando, Polk,
Putnam, Lee, and probably other coun-
ties.
Probable total: Gadsden, 165 acres;
Columbia, 100; other reported sections,
35; scattered over Jefferson and other
portions of the State. 50; total for the
State, 350 acres, and this, we think, cov-
ers it without being out of the way ten
acres on either side.

NOTICE.
KEnow all men by these prleienti, that C. H.
Joa,'6. G. W. JT.na. J W. Ac:ernah7f, and F
W. Hot', tinder and in fiiccotdanceTltn thil, pro-
vris.a.us it the Ac..t 01f t- Legislatui e o the State
Oi F lorida, pr.,viding for thiecreation ofi corpora-
tion, have associated themaelveo under itneame
of the'Time.-UntIon Prilating aid Publtthing
C.rany,." t wih p ueo f uis.ness at Jackson-
vle, Flridan. T'heobjectoi the company will
bie sina an.i to i-autsact aih Ihfer iisiness as
ayt bce necessaryI for the ielfarc- of the com-n
aflv. The capital stock o e satd company is
One Hundied 'thousa ud f.ilui),0..) Dollars, the
slare to be paid ip in full when lstied. The
c.,mpany begis its brtsines rrrom the data oC
the fling ., 1s Artielesof Incorporation,namely
,lli 1ith. Iw.a, and will run for ninety-nine
veais from .aid date. Itsofllcers shah consist oea
President, Secretary and rreasurer, and Sve (5)
Directors, t:, be elected on the saecoind Monday
in -July Lr, each year. The highest anmomt of
inneLtedneSS the corporation can at any time,
sibttect -iweif to i. twenty SO)) Iper cent of the
cap.it-l stock, namely Twenty Thousaud t$,t0,00u0
dollars
(Signed, C. ,JoNss.


LOITSe size 10xl00 T LA TKI' V'IEW on Lake Kingwley. Clay Co.. only 10. A
fees in _t_.1 _W ,L choice 5-acre tract for an ORANGE
(GROVE costs bnu 6100.
S Hgl rtllig Pine Lan-I-, a*iibri.u a CImate.'. a g.::, Luret-
S meant. Std r' -.-,ent stam or Maors, er.. or remit P. 0. Order r or
Bank Drat to JOHN r. TALBOTT, and ger W.arranty Deed, Title LU- IDIm
Sperfet, frot- the
TIRO-IC.A-.- iL-AITID COIv.-A--.Nr,
P. 0. Box iS.,Jaeksonville. Florida. 39 W. Bay St.


Florida


Winter Homes


ORIOLE, HERNANDO COUNTY.


Beautiful location, facing on Lake Oriole and on the Sarth Fl.:ri.dJ, Rriira.d.
Lands all high and dry. New settlement; between twenry-flvr andl tbirry new houses.
A Church, SchoL_, -.--y mails, stores, bakery, sawmill .nl hoitl. Large r3ea alreadlv'plainted
Irn orange l-Tir.v It,:.;i:e buldinr 1t:ie f,:r winter _.:. ei-s f:r ai, cte'ip. Ten, twenty and
'"f,'r acreorange gr>iTeits. A healtibettieiuent in a health Srii'.
Call on or Address.


J. W. GROVES,
Oriole, Florida.


or CLARKSON & ROBERTSON,
Jacksonville, Florida


V. N. JUSTICE

Whoalsale Commission Merchant,
NO. 313 NORTH WATER STREET, PHILADELPHIA.
3Spe>ialt.s: SOUTHERN FRUItTS AND VEGETABLES-. C.-nigrn'-nt .:.l-,hied. Return
utdJe (,n dasv uf ite.
S. 0. C. B-,LOUTJlTT,

F! T71 T. S I *"9JAL"'IE 31flflO>Tg- wlfrIt:L.

BARTOW, FLORIDA.
OrangeO rove.. Town Lots in Bartow, Winter Havrn. Ha.kell, Punta Gorda and Chariot e
Harbor., ,t Sale Unimproved Lan.ds, in small and large tract.., at $0 5t per acre, up Choice ten
and forty acre tracts of good, high. rollirg Pine Lands, near S. F. R. R depot, at $20 tto $35 per
acre. All property guaranteed to be as represEnted or money refunded.
S~ MNony Loatis. weUll secured, negodated at 11 per cent, net, to the lender.


- _r \ -
* l



a Qa w|
ONIfflfl ONI'lflH *-. --
r MOWt pi








,-- ...-:.-It "a
CD- "" .' .,:, .::. Y"
g o" 't- .=
-nn. -..o,",0,\..r-;.. -.
"93 ,,'.' ,'
>- .= :.i_,: .-,,-- ,
-q "CD : :.; { ::: : ,, "
m P ...D
-: .r CD -m :, 7- :: :'=':

OO HIH a =-gr. .". ,:l-lf-''_.:-:.u-';


235


4--


A


):


THE LAKELAND NURSERY COMPANY
Arme Lin reuILDteE to MaiI FREE. ou .,pp.t:,atr.n,
A COPY OF THEIR SUMMER PRICE LIST

to any address. Communicae wtI E. H. TISON, Manager, Lakeland, Piok Co.. FiA


Fancy
Eggs Fo
rietit

Also Tho
Atldress


G. t W. JU .N .
J W. ABERNArTHY
FRrP. W. HOYt.
Poultry aui Hunting Dgs.
r Hatching From Leading Va-
es of Domdsticated Land
and Water Fowl.
--1 mE- 13.-
iroiighbred YoungSetiersand Hounds.
VLLA. ZaNZA POULtRY YAjDa, I
Manatee, Fla,





. -. .' r.


NEW YORK & FLORIDA STEAMSHIP LINE.
TRI.WEEKLY SERVICE BETWEEN

NEW YORK, FERNANDINA AND JACKSONVILLE
StGaruers are anpointed, t[. sani from Pier M2, E. R., N. Y., every Tuesday. Thursday
and Salarday. at 3 p. m.
FROM uJrAc ION'I LLE-CHEROKEE (newi, and .9EFIN.OLE ,ne-w,every FRIDAY.
FROM FERNANDEINA-DELA- WARE ind YEM-4.ASS.EE e-erv MONDAY, p m.. CITY
OF TLA.TT.4 and CITY OF COLUMBIA4. every WEDNESDAY p. m.
The Fregnt and Paun-cager A.ccomm:nidat,.:.ns L' tho Line are nni.:rpoased by any ships in
the erie wI.twit_ ervire. For i firirner informtia .. dharyl- V ',.
CLARENCE WAGNER, Agf., *J. A. LESLIE, Art.,
Fernaninlia, Fla., Jackonvale, Fla.. 4. W. i:,r. Bay .and Hogan.
T'IEO. G. EGER, Tra5ffi Mainager, WM. P CLYDt &. CO .,
i") Hr. i i ", N. Y. G-'neriL Ar ar!i ji B "i iwaya N. Y
w Dfl' s,:ei@tieo LAS VIW..o. Lak ,,ngly. ClyC.. onl 1. A


L


BUDS OF THE MAGGIE PEACH CO10NE EN Fu, o
OLIITE B-COUNTRY PRODU)E
Furnlihed at $1 per hundred, iS per tiOusand, S'OLICITED BY
five hundred at one thousand rates J.H. SUTHERLAND,
WHOLESALE PRODUCE
Address, COMMiSSION MERCHANT
P. C. MINNICK, 2 C' 2 CE it iCE.r,.
Wi' Fn JACKSONVILLEi,


FLORIDA GROWN PEACH TREES
Kelseyv Jaan Pints, Olive Trees, Oranges, Figs, Lemons, Pecans,
By th.: doz-n, hundr-d or thuusand, also a fall supply of other e N ry stock adapted to
Florid and thb- Guiraiatrs. Am now oi..kioin orders for Fail delivery senson
f1 las7-i. Writ for Prilec. Catalog ue frce on appleatton:
GLEN ST. MARY NURSER[ES, G. L. Taber. Prop., Gleb S.1 Mary, Fla








FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. JULY 27. 1887.


The Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower.

A. H. CURTISS, Editor.

C. H JONES & BROTHER, PUBLISHERS.

Office Cor. Bay and Laura Sts.

THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT
GROWER Isan el-ht page tcliumn illustra-
ted weekly newspaper. devoted to ihe F.arm,
Garden 6r hrd -ad Housefoldi Economyr
and to Lthe prOimotion of the agricultural and
industrial Interestsor Florida. It Is publl-:hed
every Wednesda3.
S. .Terms of Subscription. :
For one year................................ ...... 2 00
For six months .. ........... I o)
Clubs of dve to one address ............ ..... 7.50
Wlithdally TIME-UINiON one year. 11.00
With dailyT TIMES-UNION. ix months 1 (")
S With WEEKLY TIME4 one yeai ....... 2.75
"-Subscrlptlons In an cases cash In ad-
vance, and no paper continued after the
expIration of the rIme paid for. The dateon
the printed label with which tbhe pap.-rs are
addressed Is the date to which the subserip-
tion Is paid and Is equivalent to a receipt for
payment to tha-date; If the date Is not
S changed Immediately after a new payment,
the subscriber will please noLIfy us at once.
CORRESPONDENCE solicited on all aub
jeots pertaining 10 the topics dealt with In
thiepaper. Writers may amx such signatures
SLo their arLi.:'lesaa lhey may chose, but must
furnish.the.editor with their ftui name and
S addles', not for publication butas a guarantee
orgood faith Rejected cormmunlcattlon can-
not be returned
ADVERTISEMENTS Inserted to a limited
extent Rates furnished on application
REMI'PTANCES should be made by Check
Postal Note Money Order, or Registered
Letter, to order of
C H JONE- & BRO.,
......... Jacfsionvllle. Fal


TABLE OF CONTENTS.


S FIRSar P.oi-Work for Aigu:t; Value of Sor-
ghimni F.odder; A Labor-.iving Implement
;..i' ". ih.,',c'r,:; Dilawrcre Grape in Lake C(:,unt ;
S The O'riinge' Crop: Spr.iiir7 Arrangemeot o:-r
'- Trees; Not a One-Cro:p St:ilte-: rie AJin,.,nd
(. bilrniedi, Manuriag thbe Grape; Experi-
S mern, with Gra.:'e.s; German Millet.
S SECOND Paoa-Frawt" of tiie A-atic.-les, .TJr-ey
Pehrh Girover.' Mlthod-; TLu'n.ia. ani Ruta-
bagas; Strawberry Growing.
THIrD PAG:E-Composition of the Soil; Agrictl-
ruiil lv.nti.nJ -; CneaLniu,; i:.f Ensilage; Ad-
varntag-s of Irriglatr:.n; Florida's Tobacco
:" 'Crop. -.
FoiraTr Pao F(Ea itnriaal)-.Aris7-xe rs to Inju Ltr,.;
Tavughr: for 'raag Ci.roPet.s: Indi.iaio6(of
Pro.? ,:-'; C.:.-:.prati.:, l, R',i'n; Hiog-; Ille
S X)eg-Question ii Mississippi; Tne [Intr-State
.: 'Commerce'Law; The Farmers' .UJ i a riet.
S/:.' Fi-r Pair--i EjLd, by Helen Harcourt); Our
SHomre Circle; Coisy C.,'rr.rr; Inc Faer 7 Friend;
Oar Yoang Folk-' C,:rner
StxIa PaoE-Ailm.:nt- il Anmaii; Waltring
: I-,rse.. Hlnt to Horse Owner,. [tipr-:vc the
C o.Ve; PoDEts Ab.:.i.lt iediDn C.:.-: A N.:.ve
P.i. Yoke; hel-p fior lithe oub; i,.w P,-a.
SEvNTe FiAc-E-F.rm biIicell:iry ,i]lit,/',;
Ser-il -t:.7, .Tbree Eton Boye, n W. E.
N,:,rri-.
E iGBTa Pa,.3 -Fi- :r. .n N-rW : iiL B i-i:i; E.:,- n-
tr,:i.; ,t-f thi- ra ee; Ou t' S,:,utr'ern
C-:a. : A N LLtusl Pb.,nw.i-.:.n ; Weatner
Rieori,; Ne-.v Y:.i'L 'ni Jn>el..,rivlle M r-
k-is
a
OF INTEREST TO GARDENERS.

i ." In futnlirnriet of a recent promise. we
present this week the first of a series of
monthly calendars of work for the guid-
ance of gardeners, t'iarmeis and fruit
gtoweirs." We intend that they shall ap-
.peafr in the last number for each month,
and think they will prove a valuable aid
tio the lesi experienced cultirators of the
soil, especially in the-northern portion
of the State. In the Southern counties
allowance should be made for the differ-
ence in seasons. The writer is one of
the best authorities on such subjects in
this portion of the United States.
We would also direct attention to the
advertisement of Messrs. Church Ander-
son & Co.. an old established and reliable
-firm of seed merchants located at Jack-
sonville. Our farmers and gardeners
.will fin'l it to their advantage to give
their orders to this firm.

ANSWERS TO INQUIRIES

A POINT ABOUT LADY BUOS.
L. S. P. asks: "If I use coal oil emul-
sion on trees on which there are lady
bugs, is there not danger of killing the
bugs?" We think not, because the wing
covets or elytra of the bugs ought effect-
ually to protect its body from trie spray.
Such applications effect the destruction
of insects chiefly by entering the spira-
cles or breathing, pores, which open
along the sides of the body, and their
-openings in.the lady bug are pretty ef-
fectually .protected by the elytra. Be.
sides, the bugs can fly away if they
.choose.- the only serious danger is to
the larva-, which have no such defensive
armor. But their size iosome protection,
Sa minute insect being much more easily
killed than a comparatively large one.
At any rate, we would not hesitate on
this account to .use.,-the emulsioM. Al1,
roils are fatal ton, sebt life-perhaps none
more so than coal oil. At any rate, its
cheapness recommends it for general
-use.
D.. EALERS IN GOATS
.. Referring to.a recent offer of ours. L.
-.S. P. dsksfo-ior.the "addiesses of Texas
dealers in goats, and expressage on
seame.". In a leading Texas stock jour-
nal we -find the following addresses of
."dealers in Angorai goats: J..P. Devine,
6 San Antonio:' Wilderman & Morgan,
aqortej-;-jm adrum Uvaldae. &-- Me
-* .. Boernc; Wm. Landrum, Uvalde. The

.- ~ 'I- "=


latter party states that he has 200 An- vious to that of Mr. Willis. which ap-
goraF. bucks, ranging in price from $6 to pears on the first. page of the present is-
$100. sue. The theory we have enteitaiuoJd
The freight on live stock by express to rests on the assumption -that tiuit is
Jacksonville is $9 per 100 pounds from borne mainly on wood of twelve months'
San Antonio A .goat would have tobe growth. As there was ascaicely any
shipped in a crate or pen. which would wood growth during the spliing of I"'i
weigh,perhaps, more than theanimal. It it followed that in the spring of 1,
would not be prudent to ship such ani- there was but little w;.od of the right
males so long distance before October. age to develop fl.-owers and fruit. Al-
We think Angora goats are to be had in mining this position to be correct, there
Georgia, and shall make inquiries. were good grounds for expecting that
PLA.NTS T) NAME. there would be a seonud period of bo[um-
-J.. C. sends specimens of Argone ing to compensate for the early deBi-
sJR.C e-nds specimens of Aigciaonc-e ny
Mexicaau and Er'.igrostis ciliaris. The ciency.'
first is commonly called Mexican or The first law of nature is to reproduce
first .' the species.. and in the vegetable kin'--
prickly poppy, and is of no value exceptthespeies and in the vegetable king-
for its ornamental flowers, but the plant dom there is a prompting quite different
is rather too coarse for cultivation, The from instinct in animals, which leads to
fruithin under abUOrmnil conditions
second is a very desirable door-yard fruiting under abnormal conditions
when anything occurs to prevent a nat-
grass in grounds that are left to nature, u f rting, o ta tretens ea-
but is hardly worthy of cultivation. ural fruiting, or that tretens prema-
Both are annuals, and may be found tur'edeath. This ,mpulseis what causes
from Key West to Pensacola. The young girdled trees to fruit precociously
frod diseasedttrees-Poset; ana.--eThe.
prickly poppy has white flowers oica- and diseased trees to set an excessive
sionally, but they are usually of a golden I1uantity of' fruit. This law and the the-
yellowcolor. ory we have advanced, if it be correct,
CrLORIS PETR'A. afford good ground for expecting a sum-
mer fruitage on last years' second
The grass which -Mrs. W. J.N., of growth of wood.
Brevard county, imagined to be our If this should, come to the notice of
turf grass (Psplhi, Iplatycaule) proves Mr.!Meehan, we hope he will give his
to be a more different grass than we ex- on on these points through his
pect .ed., In fact, there are no points of opiniono hs points through his
-peeed. n fact, there are no points of a Gardener's Monthly. In questions involv-
reseniblance between this Cultois and ing the practical application of physio-
tie grass represented in our illustration, logical botany to horticulture, there is
Chloris, though an interesting grass, is no higher authority in America.
not desirable for a lawn. Whether these be the causes or not,
.:. -. -Whether these be the causes or not,


SALT MARSH LANDS.


Having had no experience with marsh
lands, we have referred C. P. L.'s inquiry
to a person who has made a specialty of
their reclamation, and a reply may be
expected from him.
HOW TO COOK CASSAVA.
J. R. C. wishes to know how to pre-
pare puddings, etc., from 6assava. Re-
ferred to the editor of Our Home Circle.
We also submit to her judgment the
propriety of establishing an exchange
department, assuggested by a corres-
pondent.
ROACHES.
"Enquirer" and every one else in this
part of the world; and in most parts of
the world, must expect to suffer much
vexation from the roach and its cousin,
the croton bug. The only effectual
method we find of abating The nuisance,
is by finding the places in which the
roaches mont do congregate during the
daytime, and dtencling these once a
mouth with scaliing water. Their egg
cases should be closely. searched for arind
destroyed. With these remark- we turn
this family huaiitice over to the Family
Friend, who may have brought it into
retfLect subjuzation.

THOUGHTS FOR ORANGE GROWERS.

Since the freeze of 189ithere has- not
been half the discussion we expected as
to the beaiing-i in this connection of
soils, exposures. means of protection
methods of culture, varieties, etc. Old
theories were upset to a great extent,
and people have been content to accept
facts without philosophizing on them.
It is evident that. the rules which hold
good in au ordinary "-cold snap" do not
apply to sut.h a frost as that of 18..6.
Shortly after that memorable event, a
person in Louisiana sent to the Florida
Dispatch a well-digested set of questions.
but so far as we know they did not elicit
a single response. We republish them,
believing that after the lapse of eighteen
months people are much better prepared
to answer these questions than when
they first appeared. We could answer
yes or no to some of the questions, but
prefer to offer them as themes for dis-
dussion. They are as follows:
1. What wastheeffectof straw mulch-
in.l? Did alleged evaporation in such cases
injure the trees, or did such mulching,
on the whole, do good?
2. Did forest or other such protection
do good?
3. Did not fires in such extreme cold
weather prove a delusion?
4. Does not clean culture, by strength-
eniug the trees, better prepare them for all
kinds of attacks, cold, insects, etc.?
5. Did not protection from the cold
north wind do good, as well as protection
from the sun?
6. Did the Satsuma stand the cold bet-
ter than other trees, and what other va-
rieties of the orange proved hardier than
thle common orange?
S7. Is not banking trees better than
straw mulch, as avoiding danger from
evaporation common to thestraw mulch-
ing when the sun Lhines on it?
8. Has whitewashing the trunksof the
trees proved of any service?
9. Where the trunks of trees have split
in consequence of cold or other cause,
has the use of grafting wax been effica-
cious?
10. Have budded trees -on bitter or
sour stock stood the- cold better than
seedlings?
The failure of the orange groves to
fruit this year, as-they were expected to
do. is another puzzling subject which
*deserves more consideration than it has
received. We do not remember to have
seen any plausible theory advanced pre-


there has been a period of summer
blooming this year which will materially
add to the crop. In testimony, of this
we publish on the last page several ex-
tracts from the journals of Southern
Florida. Of what value the late crop


r.:n;zing it. It is certain that by doingI Dog Question in Mississippi.
so they will establ;,sh an important Lome The sulined article fr.m a Misis-
industny and eouice ot revenue to the sippi paper, indicates that the dog nui-
State. san.ce is mo:,re a subject of discussion and
As to tlri angetp market, we believe no ,,legislati.:n in Mississippi Ihan in this
State :
new scheme has taken definite shape. Several months siuce the attention of
but we regard it as a foregonecouclusion our honorable b.ai.d .f ti'Upervisis was
that faciliti-es- for cold -t,:,rge will be af- called to thie po'er granted them by the
forded at J.ckionville and othei points s6iatutes of ot.r State, giving them the
i n t i h power of protecting and encouiag'ing
ext ear. if not this. An idea has pre- sheep raising in their respective coun-
vauiled that next winter's orange crop ties. So far as known, the matter was
will be small, both in Florida and Cali- like chaff tliroiwn against, the winds.
fornia. If so, the produc,-s will feel Sheep husbandry is being driven from
d t me t i our county as uusafe and uuprottable
and act more independently than if the on account of the dogs. Our f,,ct..rv is
market were likely to be overstocked, sending-airoad for Iswooi, wlhenCopiali
and Etuch an enterprise wjUld receir,:. less county and the adjoining ones could
encouragement than if there werea large supply it in a great measure, if we had
ecopr It appenia f erep w h protection from the horde of dogs roving
crop. It appeals from reports which over the county, deottoying what sheep
appealed in the FARIMER AND FRUIT- are left, kids and hogs, 'and invading the
GROWER, that cold storage has proved private premises at night, sucking eggs
very atisfactory to the California fruit and scratchming under the few meat
e l houses that, by chance are at home, and
glowers. If such be the fact, it is not to not in St. Louis. Madison county levied
be doubted that capitalists will find it a tax of $1 per head on all dogs and
out and improve the opportunity for a $3per head on the bitches. The revenue
similar investment of their money in the first vea was :3,50. Soon the
dogs diminished.' and sheep racing
Florida. .sprang up all over the county. After
Other staple crops (hat are looking up the dogs were mostly disposed of, the
are sugar and tobacco. An account of board took off the tax on them, hut
th,,oiganization of theOsceola Sugar kept it up on bitches. Other counties
in the State have levied a simil r tax,
Company and the establishment of ex- producing good results, and why is it
tensive works at Kissimmee, was con- that our county, which is properly a
trained in our last issue, and in.this will sheep county, can't profit by it? We see
be found a summaryof this yeas efforts no profit in 'the 10,0'0 dogs "that now ex-
befound assist in it over what is needed. So put them
with tobacco. Stimulated by the great out.of the way, and let 100,000 sheep oc-
expansion of the cigar manufacture in cupy our waste lands and pastures, and
Florida, and the greatly increased de- then the whole county will be on a boom
unequalled by the fruit and vegetable
mand for the Cuban leaf, there has been one of Crystal Springs, and certainly
a strong effort to revive one of Florida's more lasting.
former industries. Although this year's Now, Mr. Editor, as our candidates for
acreage is not large, the results, we be- the Legislature are "popping" off on the
constitutional question of the judiciary
lieve, are such as to encourage greater mainly, we would respectfully call for
exertion next year. This crop requires the sentiments of our county legislators
the nicest management, and a first year's on the subject of encouraging and pro-
effort is not a fair criterion of what may testing sheep husbandry in our county.


FRUITS.
Cit s Fii/is-Comparison of varie-
ties, hardiness and productiveness, meth-
ods of propagation, methods of planting


will be, depends upon next winter's tern- be done. The most encouraging sign of and cultuiecomparative effects of fer-
perature. We anticipate a mild winter, the times is the increasing interest in The Inter-State Commerce Law. tilizers, marketing of fruit, preservation
yet there may be cold waves of great se- "feed farming," or the growing of forage Bradstreet's.makes the following sum- .rPeach. pear. fign persimmon. Japan
verity. They are governed by no known for horses and cattle. The growing of mary of what is so far learned concern- nlum, Kelsev plum. native plum, mul
law, and are likely to increase in aver- abundant forage we hold to be the corner ing the workings of the new law: e,-ry. quince, apricot, guava, banana.
more the country to the stone of genuine a 1st. atihtaside from transcontinental pineapple sanpodilla, mango. avocada
age severity the more the country to the stone of genue agriculture, as may be rates, the average nominal increase as pear, cocoanut, pecan, English walnut,
northwestward'is cleared of its forests, inferred from the prominence given the compared with-former rates is not suf- almond, pomegranate, olive, grape,
The orange grower must fortify himself subject in this journal. We. will ficient to account for the disturbance strawberry, blackberry, raspberry--a-
against them by all known means, and not enlarge on it. here, nor on caued by thtate mch a l rates were, to m ehods of cukure water c
ri- 2d. That late nominal rates -were, to methods of culture.
study to obtain hardy varieties. Hence the dependent industry of stock rais- those who shipped large quantities of N T A ...H
the importance of discussing such ques- ing. Both industries are being en- merchandise or produce, more honored NA^TvE TREES AND HERBS.
tions as are presented above. gaged in on a large scale in the section in the breach than the observance; in :Planting trees for ornament or utility,
As to ie second fruitage, if it be not of which. Tallahassee is the centre, and short, that "cut rates" to talie tirade were. the burning over of forest lands. the
Asot if it be not o hTallahassee isthe centre, and prior to April 4, more nearly the rule lumber and turpentine industries, the
injured during the winter, it ought to in a more d. sultry or experimentalway than the exception, tinning industry, phenomena of plant
command a good price in the market, in other portions of the State. The nu- 8d. That advancesinrailwayrateseast life. weeds and noxious plants.
besides affording a luxury for home use merous experiments now underway, of the Missouri rivei from formeriactuali N. B.--Specimens may be sent, to the
nexsmm r.We ,ra'e' to th,-e now required rabge t om editor for identification. Information is
next summer. We thinkitwould.be well and to be undertaken next fall, will .re- u to 411 per cent desired respecting popular names and
for all orange growers w-ho, pend the ult. we. believe, in proving that certain 4tih. Tiat there are few- increases be- uses..
summer iu Florida, to beat the loomm off forage plati t are p-e.rtectly adapted to lo.w in) rpr cent. ,i-.J s.-me ab,.:ve- 4,I per FLOWER GAR.DEN.
from certain trees, withpalmettos, itch. eachl county in the State. When such cent., not including traL-sc,;ntinertEial Plants. adapted to this climate, out-
e s tey do in some counties, order ft.are established, theStatewillhave rates, which rang fom 3i,) t,: '7'. per door culture, management of geen-
es,as th.y do: in somecountries,it.c-rder.t1cent, higher and becoe pr,,hctive, h,,use.
Lu induce a later blooming and insuIE entered on the high road to prosperity. 5tf. That the new rates, are quored in treating of the above and related
late fruit for the following year. With Then will follow, as a natural conse- firm, an- that ume of te li loudes-t con- subjects, practical experience is much to
moderate effort there may be a home tuence, the improvement of livestock, plaint, nattiraliy come from s shippers he preterred to theoretical knowl-
uply of Citrus fts in Florida the yr the production of home-made fertilizers a eretofre erjel the largely edge; yet there are topics needing dis-
suppyrodcirusfruishirFlriddtheyea prducionrebates. -cussion which have to he treated of
round, and that without resortin-g to cold and remunerative crops. Theu will -6th. Thlat the trunk line railvay cow- fio a somewhat theoretical stand-
I o.fo oeha hoeio[sad
storage. come thesolid comfort and contentment panicsi are obliged to. arrange many new ooiat.
We have a sampleof orange-'gatleitid which should be the lot of every tiller of. special rate-s for specific articles, ii order We do not desire letters written mere-
to avoid ruinous dicriminarion agairnat I' n p raise of special 1:calities unless
by Mr. Jno. Parsons, of Bayport, on the the, soi, but which in Floridatoomany el indutriesthrough long and s t ai to favorare based on the product
lit of January, amnl buried i dry sand do not enjoy. haul rates favoring similar industries or productiveness of thesoil. Articles
under his dwelling. After being buried The consideration of this subject, even elsewhere. ... of an animated or vivacious style are de-
for six months, it appear-s as fresh in all in cursory manner, demands so much ii. That miner interiorr shipping- sizable by way of variety, but practical
respe,:ta.when taken from t ee. ce, t we d.fer further remarks n- nint areyetin may cases without a statements and descriptions should be
t-espe-tIs awhen taken fromthetI-Ce.spacethatn-rate fromthe centres-:of : distribution, concise and as much to the point as poe-
In this connection, we would state that til nextweek. owingto the inability of the railways sible.
we still hate some of the Coleman seed- -* thus far to arrange through schedules All communications for the editorial
ling oranges, which were picked by Mr. Co-Operation in Raising Hogs. of rates on a mutually I satisfactory basis, department should be addressed to
8ti,. That the bulk of thelocalbusiness EDITOR FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER
Matt Coleman, of Ladly Lake, four Havi-g read an article on raising hogs, supplied from New York Citv is required
months ago. They have lain in:theirz and cost of keeping them out of our to pay ten to fifteen per cent. higher
wrappers on the floor of a dr r iom elds, I am led to the conclusion, after freight charges than heietofore,.and -. -IEEXT, GROVE & CO., p:
wrippers on the floor of a dry r ond thinking the matter over well, that the 9th. That the leadingtrafficofficialsof t ,. ;Jacksonville, F In
without any lossor decay, the rinud grad- hogs of our State cost double what is the country are as hard at work to-day as STATE' AGENTS FOR
ually hardening, and the juice continu- realized from them. I think it is time at any previous time, endeavoring to .
ally improving in flavor, till now the or- we should look for some other means of meet the demandsof clamorousshippers RASIN FERTILIZER CO'S -
anges are like little sacks of wine-of keeping them than running at large, and and to prevent what has been regarded : ,
i fare liketlesackf n costing so much more than what they as the regular business ofthe companies, SOLUABLE SEA ISLAND GUANO. -
mild flavor, but aromatic and refresh- are worth, from seeking other lines or water routes,. -' :
ing. By taking the hogs row in the State, DISSOLVED BONE AND A.LK LI '--.
S and disposing of them, in such a way tre t rgoar' '
INDICATIONS OF PROGRESS. that they would beof some benefit to the -Theornge trees of this region PHOSPHATE
ow-ner, and sending off for somn im- blooming as freely as they ordinarily do ... -...-..
proved stock. I wtink it would be bene- in Febru'iry, and the night air is heavy AND WHOLESALE DEALERS N
In the last number we expressed in a facial to all of us. With the right kind of with th perfume of orange blossoms.
general way, our confidence in Flo:rida's stock, one sow would be sufficient for The earliest of these blooms have fallen FRUITS AND PRODUCE
future, but it would have been movie log- each farmer to own. Well fed and at- and young fruit thIe size of buck-shot has
ical and savored less of --boom talk" if tended to she would produce more meat, taken the place of the blossoms. From
e had fieas fotor home uoe, than ten common, piney present indications a heavy crop of fruit Getour Prices before buying.
we had first given the specific reasons for woods rooters would running at large as will set; so heavy in fact that it will
our hielief-premises first, conclusions af- they do. probably be found necessary to pick a
terwards. There are, indeed, data in Ilthink it advisable for some of us to large portion of it in order to relieve the MIAITLAND NURSERIES.
every number upon which to ground give this. matter a fail-trial, and after trees of the tax upon their strength.
vou have succeeded better with one than All soitS of theories arr being advanced
such a relief, but it will tre more satis- yu did with ten. I thi nk all of you who to account for this unusual and general
factory to gather them together and are opposed todiscontinuingclose fences blooming. But these theories are about ALL vA.iErtes OF
summarize the evidence, to keep out. hogs that run at large, will as vague and as much at %ariance as
There is manifested throughout the be fully convinced that you, and all of orange growing theories a 'e ORNGE AND LEMON TREES.
us. should be in favorof sellingour comn- No oneseems to haveany tenable theory
State an incieasing regard for mixed ag mon stock and buying good stock. By concerning it. All are at sea. It isevi- -
riculture, and desire to try new fruits forming ourselves into small companies, dent, however, that if no freeze or other --
and farm crops and methods. This is building a ,lose and secure fence around calamity overtakes us we will have a
the most encouraging indication, for it some pond, in which to keep our br.ed- heavy crop of summer fruit next year, Buds not placed on small stocks, but on extra
them seniaer, putting them in these enclosed pas- in addition to a light winter crop. If
is the prime essential to progress. Old tures,and looking closely after them, in the trees will permanently change their large and fine ones.
avenues of industry are being opened up one year's time I think you will realize habits and give .us fruit in summer in
more fully, and new onedsare being dis- that you are well paid for what you stead of winter no one will object. It is Wemakeaspeolaltyor the
covered continually have done, perhaps more than double, I evident to careful observers that the
covered continually, after deducting how much less your trees will need liberal fertilizing in order ---EILRLY SPANIr-H. R&TOE- --
Regarding the two great money crops, fences have cost you for keeping out to c 'rry this double crop of fruit.-Or- :"
cotton and tobacco, the main question is. hogs from your farm, garden and or- land Reporter. (the eariest variety known), .
bow to make them more profitable. The chard. TOHITI TIES and -.
people are coming to realize .he impor- I am informed that it costsour farmers Teosinte at Orlando. F AN ,-
a, much to fence against hogs as it does VLLA.FRANCA LEMONS,
stance of economizing that formerly against horses, sheep, goats and cattle. At W. H. Holden's we saw our first -
waste product, cotton seed. Cotton seed When we realize that this is true, by our sightof that wonderfulnew forageplant, andcan show treesot thelatter that stood the
and its products ar;Anow recogniz-d asian own experience, and knowing that the teosinte. It looked very much.like some cold lastwinter aswelU aa the Orange, and :
importnantsource of wealth t,:- IlceSoutnht Ipiofit is more from each of the above curious variety of corn, with its stalk
important "ts i letnanied animals, we think it is time for completely sheathed in luxuriant leaves. NOW HAVE TRUIT UPON THEM. -"
and tits discovery comp.-nsates in g eat our Legislature to take this matter into Theteosinte-isof vejryfinegrowth, reach- .. .
measure for thedepreciation in th-. price consideration and change our present ing a height of four or five feet in two .. :.
of the staple. A new cotton utarket is to law on fences so that the poor man will months. Mr.'-Holden thought at. least '
be established at Jacksonville next fal, "not be obliged t.o fence against hogs. .- fifty tons of the green forage, could be .Send for Catalogue. ". ,' -"
Soo.n s t. J n S. H. C.. raised to the acre, but toour astonihed .. Y,-.,. oe,,a ; :"'n"
and it is believed that th cotton growers HILLSBOROLI Co., Fla., gaze it appeared that, 75 tons would come I. KDN ...CAR, -.
will serve their personal interest by pat- July 11, 1887. nearest an-estimate.-Orlando Reporter.' :k .a,',. Wtut?$kla ;\

S"' '" --" ;* .: -"-


236


Hints to Correspondents.
The readers of the FLORaDA FARMER.
AND FRUIT-G(ROWER are respectfully in-
vited tocontribute to its columns art icles
and notes on all subjects pertaining to
the farm, garden, orchard and house-
bold affairs. The range of topics which
will be discussed in this journal maybe
gathered from the subjoined table, which
may serve to suggest what might other-
wise escape attention :
FARM MANAGEMENT.
Clearing land, draining land, crops for
new laud. succession of crops, intensive
farming, treatment of different, soils,
Irrigation, soiling vs. pasturing, cow-
penning. green manuring.
t'.:MErItc ANIMALS.
Horses, mules, cattle, hogs. sheep,
goats, poultry-Breeds, feed, diseasees,
ti-reat meant.
5PEILA-L FERTILIZERS.
Cotton .seed, cotton seed meal, barn-
yard manure, guano, ground bone, acid-
per-phosphate, gypsum, lime, kainit,
ashes, marl, muck, leaf mould, com-
posts.
FORAGE CROPS.
Bermuda grass, crab grass, Para grass
'Guinea grass. Terrell grass, orchard
grass, red-top grass. Johnson grass. Texas
blue grass, pearl millet, German millet,
millo maize, kaffir corn, teosinte, sorg-
hum, fodder corn, cow peas, desmodi-
um, Mexican clover, lespedeza, alfalfa,
melilotus.
STAPLE CROPS.
Corn, oats, rye. wheat, rice-Varieties,
yield per acre, soil and season, difficul-
ties encountered, general treatment.
Coaon-Long and ./horl Staple-Plant-
ing and culture, marketing, manage-
ment of seed. products from the seed.
Sugn r Can, a d .Sorghu m -Varieties,
culture, making syrup and sugar, condi-
tion of market. -I
Tobacco-Varieties, history iu Floit ida,
recent experiences, seed, culture, manu-
facture.


'^


"Vl v 10 "VU a LaIL Ilbvllvu UL wuav Oy







FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. JULY 27, 1887.


237


J -,I
Grade Devons, Galways and Avrshires. hot as you can bear it and rub in thor- has taught. them to love all of God's B and n
0 g I /t the mothers being graded and the sires ougbly on right and wrong side. then creatures, and never to ill treat them. I B e an Qu
thoroughbreds, making flue family cows. dip collar and cuffs and rub thoroughly, think he is worthy of having Ibe door of' :
H.ELEN......O.URT... ..... o .... There is also one Florida breeder of and wring all out together. Treat the our Corner thrown wide open to admit Ordars wil be booked now for delliry dur- .. .-
HELEN HARCOURT. Editor, trotting and running bosses w-is.t aud ueek hand the same. then him'into our "charmed circle." n Aprl, May orJuneo m superior race
"wtith a iptn" hand lid a W,--,-,me for all .Weknow that these statements will hang our to dry; when dry. brig in, He comes with a nice little story about .turFt i Jea wa p'rs'. i
Wno Wislit obeirenodlyand maL ctusacall; be news to the majority of our readers, andtowards evening w lieu you sprinkle a bat. -nor a baise-ball bhat. understand- lliU UU
With wc.rda or good counsel tfor oild friends and but they are true. the clothes, lay the shirts, collard and it would be a very base boy that would Ital ll Boos andli lloolls.
.Whocometouseen.nthe est wo The best milk producing food known cuffs to one side as you come to them, play ball with such a bat as thit-but a '*'
Who come to us seeking the beat way to do.-
All questions of general interest will be is one pound of cotton-seed meal and and- when the rest are all folded you real, live bat. one of those unlucky ones QWueenis by mall a pec'alty. FO TH PEO
answeredthrough these columns. three or four quarts of bran mixed in a have your table clear for the next work. ihom every one thinks himself 'privi- ive FOR THE PEOPLE. or
P e r s o n a l I n q u i ri e s w il l lb e a n s w e r e d b y m a u .i G-i . W -i-- : '
Peronalinquiriedysil ansforted mly .bucketof warm water, given mornig Now make some thin, cold starch by lIgodJ to huut and persecute.
when accompanied by stamp freply ... .
Subscribers are cordially invited to take a and night, with clean, sweet fodder or dissolving some starch in water-for To make war on the harmless little bat For prl.'cs or oth.r information. address
seatin our'CosyCorner, andexchangeviews, pasture ad libitum. -Do not-put salt in two shirts, four collars and two pair suerns to be the lule everywhere, and a
,experiences and recipes of mutual benert. the food; let the cow help herself, calves cuffs, about t i ree teaspoonsuls to three very cruel rule it is. I suppose one rea- H. 0. HART,
"Help ye one another.
Communicationslitended forpublication also. Nature knows more than you do pints water; it must not be thick or it son is that it is not petty to look at. but Ensi Orane Co a
'ust bebrief, clearly written, and only on' about when and hoi much. willstick. Dipthe bosom, wristband on tue chiet one b that people have come 10 to Eusis. Orange o.,via.
-on mae r relating tO s ofepa the paper rtment Keep your c ow at home If po.ible; t right side till thoroughly wet; wring believe the stories that have been told to
shouldbeaddrese to will pay. out, lay shirt on its back, double the flap its discredit. Mg M 1 Vulloy Poltry Yards,
EDITOR OUR EiOME-CiRCL, Next week we wewill have something up on the bosom, fold the wristband up How tfalse these are I will tell you
Fia. Farmer and Fru;t-Oi:.wvr, to say about the calves. in .sleeve aud lay over on shirt, double soon, and also the story of a little girl U HURLEY, Prcop'r, --
... Montclair, la. --- ----- th latirtogethr ind roll up tightly. who made a pet of a bat, just as she '.FLETCHER HURLEY, Prop"r, 1Vt
The Davis Fund. Lay collars and cuffs on a towel, lay. would have done a bird. II I T I II S- j
-,- = ; Our Cosy Corner. We gratefully acknowledge the fol- another over and roll. In morning whe.n And now let us see wIhat our "Uncle GRENADA, MISSISSIPPI,
T- :TE FAMILY COW. lowing additions to this fund to save the ready to iron hare yourirons hotenough Docltor" has to say about this matter. Breeds Prize Winnuing r-S X
Here e 6Ou of the kitchenI,out of "little honimu:' to scald the cold starcl, but not to burn; His is a true story, iemeniber: i..
the houg6e, onebound, anihtdown Fom a Floridian. now in New Jersey, double the back of your shirt together "BrTTIE BAT" :: Plymouth Rocks. W.andot.e.. Brown
the house, at on eLbound,gaordarighn Bdow nry m onze Tocks.urkeyaotwe s.A N I H P E A E
into the middleof thecow pen. "Please acknowledgedd b mail 13th ins: and iron on each side, icluding tle o, ", Leghorns and Bronze Turkeys. .mN EIGHT-aPAbE PAPbER.c
b "1b" u a rn m m a h e r e' es a "b a t i )e.ha t c o m e
ma'am," we did not. mean to take such a iom "Aunt Judith," Lake Worth, Fla., yoke, then the front, except the osom,- under my hat' on the.wall.," said my lit-. GOOD FOWLS FOR SALE ATALL TIMES.
sudden leap, not justyet. but it is all her 50 cents; previously acknowledged. $; then the. sleeves and wristbands, Rub tie two-yearold tot, as she entered her .
fault, one of our Floria friends, who total, $7.50 the quc k and press hard' until per- bedroom one night. That was four years O IN AON
come to us with such irresistible words Wegladly print the following letter on et. r, ten e an aroun..ago. : Won all ....he Leading Prizes at the .
as these: this subject, and earnestly commend thle nck,"7 which alsolron dryseoidleaig. The usual go-to-bed procession for up- North MIssissippi Poultry Show at.,;*
S I am a big cousin, coming to the writer's idea to our kind hearted readers, N w place a bosomb.oardcovered w stairs had started. Of course, the baby Waier Valley. Feb. 9 to I, 1S97. H t E s e i n seFrnhe t
'fountain head' for information on the for it is very true that "many a mickle anne or severatcknesses o girl first, then Katie, the ix-year-old Farmers ishig to Improve theirr stock caracne ote .
under,, the oo, and straigo Ssubjiect of churns and dairy utensils. I makes a muckle."- u rth bosom. and straighten cut ..big sister then the Doctor and get SPECtAL BARGAINS of me. I asoUa -sU
have had no experience at all in that' If each one of our subscribers were to smooth. pa. t a -t ee mamma, th r t Fis-ls
.ine, and having read somewhere, not contribute, say only ten or twenty.five Ion from the lw te When the light entered the rooIn there Flist-ClassIncuhator, ASSOCIATED PRESS DESPATCHES, "
long ago, of the barbarity of using the cents-which -they individually would so ifthere i any fulness it wi not be wa at bat," as the baby called it "
old-fashioned dasherr,' I have been think- not feel-the result would be not only to seen. Do this rather quickly and rub hanging to a rough place in th wall Pultry Journaland Books at Reduced Pr;ces.
hn+'d o i- ;11 h amr+hangingl to a. rough place in.t he all by . end forrCatalogue and Priee List, er~ee; or +..." '- -"- -
ing what else I could use, but have not save the humble home that shelters this ard, so it will be smooth and glossy. the tips of his thumbs, as the little claws write for wats e
become enlightened. AsI have all these unfortunate family, but also to give This advicePapplies also to the collarseand arethat'pro jew l asthe Larcnt"' 'n" Nws Service i- -
thea.mpni" ,twt proJegt froms h uthe wing.- PleasementionthiSpa the -ntr Al.
things to buy, I prefer getting them la- them a cow and other minor comforts,- cuffs" Be sure and le ave them perfectly. There he hung a. little mouse-like -:-
or-saving, if possible, as. well as the which else must be denied them. ry. Do not crease the cuffs by body and head, folded, leathery wings, u t r ED.f .
abest." adafad Aunt Judith's "thought" does her win the centre, but begin at aon e end andb a d t cog.
s o henjm in the c f o e i afe th in ess and his beady eyes apparently watching A Lenarant whr. undersltands th reang and
So we jump into the cow pen first of honor, indeed: could .... .. .. .. s c us e th intense interest. .hw.mnt ofgardet truIk and fruit, to cultivate A SPECIAL TELEGRAPHIC} SERVICJE .
first o n e sid e th en t eo th er, b uot fi u ;1nish 3 ..: "
al, ine hefoems idanboy cram rn orth a a rearing iand A B s PEILTtGtPI EVC
all, sinc the foremost "dairy utensil" Dear Cousin Helen: fist oneu ide, thn the othei, bruntfinreish usl w.r.ithE tnn ters m 'gri anER'VI"rE

ths oit s~el i nd ad eatie ine helat umer syig whith you iron on the iside. cThiso wil I a'L^ Arhle' -
lives there, Without whih all others are Every time I have seen references to wthm yu rn io ntowheiay, ru n fliot e the a lare ,,fa andcr, "nlovea norrai ro--sBet o


~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ bom knock dow ande beattnslad ilr-meta erasmn ther hv fflt ou '!, Cup~eH-e nick an4nd s+ an annul i.'ruct of-
s a ft osyCorne shape the cuff properl o stfay.tol al..u I,. orhr,, ae A man tta ti-:ert three
sham and a fraud the Davis Fund in the C erhave All this sounds hard, but is easy, like of the poor little bat? Mst folks, I am 1oys rg enough an. not afraai t.-. wrk can and the most complete -


-t-o heaqurtrs centsS each, the $60 easy, arrive oso I ul- he v" h n^ ^ "n e- -
This, then, is the utensil we will inter- wished lo help, but have felt that it was Columbus' egg, once it learned. sorr tosay, would have done something hear of a rare chance by applicationto the un-


uoammu head, onf the dasy hoemyesvd N-G OK earne a, of the soit, ato, "Batte, wasnd at derst ned, atJ Baatom Flad8a. me-to lk-* .
view now, not only for the reason afore- so little I could do as scarcely. to be Here are some tested recipes sent us fre thoe ki an. No, "Battd aie'was ina eriped at Manatee, Fla. H. ISE.
said, but because our information on worth while. e nd e an ha little tak e STATE S lRVI0
this point is w ell in hand, and meantime Since the last number, saying their by an esteemed South Florida sister, on natural hi story, with a fine li .
we can assure our "bigcousin" and oth- home would be lost unless the $60 due wbhiclh.arsTheais s ,cutacod in oieng I TU retlteEL EL' ... -+ +. .. -
ors equally interested that we are on the were soon paid, the thought has come to swen h o ht is eod dmnh a nt to bedNoy our fo little own ELLIS & McCLURE
track of the other utensils, and will re- me that perhaps many others have felt simply ag aio n t F d re sa y re pom in sect p gues
simply aggravations to the Florida ,ofcourse, they are plenty in the next lPI~l ,[1]1.lflIlll .. . :+ :..
port in due time, weope, satisfactorily as I have, and write to suggest that if a housekeeper; let us try to a void that snag. s e on oLur a hw r" t e t,



th~~~sat'sehusekeper leto~cou usb~ try' tors ^ S Ayf gpe avoid that eusnag tow you n ow-b~ecut, Stiler had af -o wishct to Civi tnimeoors, ~e
The trail leads to the far away North- hundred and twenty of us send fifty We hope Aunt Judith Sunshine will ten you know-es san l, we nain a Plans for
to headquarters. cents each, the $60 will arrive, so I en- b rh osst oe an s are e fNe HOTELS PUBLIC PRIVATE BUILD- .
Meantime, how abut the true foun- close fifty cents and a hope that their skeeters" had a concert, or something INGS, ANITARY ENGINEERING, a.
taib head" of the dairy? home maybe saved. -_ ONE-EGG COOKES O R AKEt of the sort, at our house, and at least p 0. ox 784. RooTms 7 andl SPalmettoBlock I S
S e hardlyhink that even that "dread- With bestwishes, One egg, one cup sugar, one large two morethan usual had gathered in, Bay Street. TS TELEGRAPHIC
fully tupid creature," a man, will deny AUNT JUDITH. spoon of shortening (lard or cotton-seed and all were waiting for the lights to go JAo SONVoILLZ,FLA.
that a well kept cow which. will yield p oil), one scant cup cold water, one and a out and then the music was to begin; at- ORANGE QUOTATIOl S
two or three gallons of milk daily, is the Answers to Corresp'ondents. half teaspoonfuls baking powder (Royal), terwards, refreshments. Our "Battie" Metlife Wasbinitonae Doubli ImPerial Navels O Q
best investment tt co, be mdeb to L.IL A., Ocea n G N.er sifted with one pint of flour, adding was not invited, but followed the crowd,
best investment that oan be made by a H A., Ocean Gro ve, J. Lette more flour when rolling out, cut any de- and he was waiting, too, for darkness MAITLAND. NRS RIS. .




fuamily of repliedi' tolu byta, n hak manyi t o f r 13th inst. \ 'P gf" r ,i wel Lnpany it he- a ocind ed he was watig too fo darknessRE : :
of wht a cU~tiul fod si~plyther ('*oni-r it i'l aipr-r inour isue f pasry, our a th rMAITLANDiftnNURSERIES.te nfromthallasrtheaeLeading WiCitiesfc or thee CUnion, dur- .
Toi. b ab e twice a. day e ay in A. d PNY.ou DrathAinspiication sired shape, and bake in a quick over. and silence on our part. g. he aa L i i onion, r




TA ood b ow altwiea daye to; set awa in s.Omeatcilv whe hd;wl arie.: ,MNYAtiUAY.sikonerby fr nc to no~nion,-'. d h-< r-t.'r .
T he safepsevr an ad o sth dealic r n y i. P. N., M "Fir s ca omer an lt o rng prepared may be used. Soon after the curly heads were asl eep Order Now if you wish to be in time, -
fit lA Fruit Growter, and are worth to each one
and wholesome food, all ready foryoung serve i e lBy adding spices and cu ttingquite small the tiny bag-pipe "ers egan p-i i rr-g, We offer fr Fall and blntr Deierw a e h has a da-- m ,d twenty ues-
ond olesiom o e fo alla ra do r youn g s .s te i r u a n a ail on. re -a o very nice spice nuts will be the result t. ping-g-g-ing-ino a soft lullaby before lot of GENuUrNE W VA-HINGTON qAVELS. the pr.ce ofs the aper. It
or oldsick or Welland convertible into ies esng a arla choiceamong Thisrecipe also makes a very nice cake, the work of drillingfor drop ofblood AlsotheVILLA FR -NCA, test andb hardu t of -
almost numberless forms and va ioety. i the boys brought to Flo rida byi t he b Chi" i ecpin flsouav e a itt n e scantveat in the baby foac ut then te r f Leon ns. Also..... -Eari-rSpan-, Jafd, Majror "ca, -
aa t oe o 'ne-todeli'ht tor thehouaw w ife. or o' Ai ttlescant beatt in t h, t e h e ouf Namu sic Malta Oval,- and uerlrU '-a s .- "i 'O ra





kept ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ rei Suaeyy ofu ae gorkd cow, and; apon ..r... E S. Br..,,i~c .l. Apl-wiebekat ok ad mae nhe ably faeve hhuatos then houe m omd se iatava heare10 iayid-rber<. s miot i Orn .. .. .. ..;. .... -" .. .-;.;.-.
and one that is shat-rted by her family, al- s.ecure i i metio ten n Jea. c ponil .. quIite light, bake in shallow pan, allow- stOpped, a soft flutter of the skinny Lmonr. and, LUni. 'We alerci.ec for t, VE GETABLE QUOTATIONS
thbaough they do not realize, as shed' d on ti av In s-ltecing a ing room to rise nearly double. Spread wings beran-around and around, t ue flet. me ,Florda orne glowr the
how much the possession of a good sup ieatnlg thae expense of their passage to Tt o t o w a stairs.,- down stairs t and in my lady's DOUBE IMPERIAL NAVEL, are also full and complete.
j.'ly Otaf malI. cream and btit oli6 Fl orida. the naciety exe dcies the utmost st sugar over t Do not cutunti col, cham fer," lap, flap, d f ash against the -- : .
the task of-supplying the table. ca e to take only thc-' whom it believes LEMON PIE OW\ HQUT EGOS OR BI ER. walfort a luckless fly or hiding "skeet- MoStLPolifc.Navolknown, andthe
A mbdutatel y good cow, well Cfatd to he hnest, itelligent and honorable.l Half cup of lime, lemou, or Esour or- er, flutterI, flutter oyer ouI faces, and ATWOOD'S SEEDLESS NAVEL. e
for, will furnish in a yeartornfiti, 6to90 h Ibls M (.C.W.E MonteverdeI Fla. ange juice, one cup of sugar, two thirds out in tothe night vanished ouri bat, and -( -
quarts of In ju think of that, an Thanks for manuscript for Our Cosy cup of water, mix well. Linep answith theconceiltended. DNEY & CARtEY -







qrublartsa. ^ The Familyu.: Frienuk enu thatr wte and ... .. "A ....ND AN ALSI ... ... '; '- '' = ;' ';.i
of what aVtifnl food supply there Orner it w !l appear N our issueofpastry, pour in the ruixtute, si tting a Night after night this was repeated, W Winter Park, Orsag-e Cuny, a n. i ,







and whati ra t l, entire food nfty faml ie t rsi ujcb t n v x to s ^ u a n a d h rohere.-r goo man plas n t"ng "T S RI S "nl "fe ... 'ffr "~a t . ... '
is in thia ne item, which may i.e August:3d. Your aplAicatiot foron6 of litfleflur over it.andput alattice work till nearlyChi n istmras, whe Battle wa- OneYear. S1o. six monhs,s. feor-e
Divide d.btAsubdivided infinitely our boys i" or file. It is et impossible of pastryoverit. e t. dteredoff to some of our many caves or SAM PE 0PE, Months. .2.50. One Honth,sl.
"A good cow. well cared for;" it all tro sony exactly when they will arrive HOMINY-A DELICACY, sinks neat by, for a nine two ioni mn n nsther'- FREEn tiNE
depends on tihat, and as the greater ,J. C. N., Archer. Fita.: .-ur Home .Toone cup ofhominyor-grits add one nap Febrbtuary came; our bat did not, O'oire yn decOdf wora et go in p ,y "; :(it .
swallows less." o does the latter Circle is you welcome, and e know teaspoon f salt and four cups of water. and we feared he was killed by soni- THE ORANGE ROVE. '
point overshadow the. first. thai our young folks will be glad to find Stii; cook in 'a m ilk boiler (my milk body who did not know his value; but You ed] aind better and ceaper bargains In +
A good cow badly fo andi sheltered their "Uncle ore tor"esitting again ii boiler is a lard -bucket,-outside of a tin about the middle of Mach, thet lewas MAN.,or ut.,, icn grov, 01 aap, ran,e o -
and irregularlv milked, will soon be their corner. Inquiries replied to by saucepan), leaving it on the stove all on the same spot as when wefi-st found any size. Building l,"iton rairoad, r;eer orsea-
imade a poot cow. A rpoor cow well mail of the 11th inrst. day. Ours goes on every morning hin. Since then he isa reguluaI'visitor; -ui4. 'Inp-'prebtr of "ihe Gra ge rove d rr.l.
kept may become a good cow, and aston- -r. E S.. Brea villc, Fla.: Applia- while breakfast i cooking, and make neary overnight he patrol th house, bound; he Is here tlstay and' rheris malorse
ish her- owueri, l on fior g rlon f le. the principal dish at suppe. while the and we have almost compe Tleteo itunun Ityin t. Th. ree M+ h ,.-ft 5Arv UsNL DIELBook
Equality o1 milk as well asitsquau- H.P.N. Nihols, ('n: Letter re- emander is fried for breakfast. Cook front flies, gnats and mosquitoes, to the Addres, THE OR'V. LIVETRPOOL, FLA.
tit.y depends on the character as well as ceived and contents noted, oat meal the same way, and you will great surprise of out neighbors, ".ho are
the amount oft ooi fed to the m ilk ma- To "A-I-t-a-n a" ithe "naughty print- ever despise either again, attimes seiouslyaunoyed by these pests lrae n
machine. s" owe an apology for pe-rsisting in the PITREE OF BEANS. Sometimes t, attlde" br sind by side .T' -e' "
Grade JerseY cnws, that's. par Jerse opinion that they know better how to To two cups common white beans addmy t h e Madt e inBts an d aide bywide r :-ape IH PA
and part Florida,are well adapted toou'r spell her name than she does, or than one teaspoon of oda and cold water to they chas- the insects i n the tJwilight
State. They are not great milkers. asoto Our Home Circle does. Often I waken at night, when the moron- Si ed to the Sl andClat e Mof7da a e o
of the cows, tattwtha ,ofboligwteu cover, let come to a bofig eam i t aed wit ndw ns s
quantity, but the milk is rich in cream Next time we hope Altaua will not several minutes. Pour off the, water, bat floating around, and when I hear Flriai the B6Estad Cheapst Weekly in the South
and butter, and theyield is sufficient for find herself robbed of her individuality adding cold water, and wash. rubbbg the soft flutter of his leathery wings I, Contas th Cream of the Dail for the week .








to on in hy~oth; ive t goo, whle- vernght.A tabesponfulot" his um tla.^^*'eutrecie tordry e mno a pfroiCrntaithnsiathetrCreametlofofuhera Nuseryfores the aweek.l
family use. and transformed into a big Georgia city. between the hands to take off the skins, know my little friend is looking up his Grown and r Sale at
SThe Guinea cow is the cow par c.'vel- on3 wi h wil si aad if boll la
lec for fa ily use, but there is one slip eal if biled ln latesuper, and I go to sleep, feelig r.p.lo d r b wnt u a c e.da r's..- l cP eA t!e e
double here tha can't be very we sur The Family Friend. enough. Keep adding more water and ate ape; thea I osquitos a e fve found their g UC D DU
Did'youe here that, an cli ate d ery holur- c e u .pouring off -until the skins are pretty master. W ho else has a but?)
mounted, at least not for some years, HIOW' TO STARCHI AND IRON SHIRTS. puigofutlth kn9r rtymatn. msute AN hU19 AND ANDALIJSJA.
outeda cle bout o Foyrd A e T lAuRy w N R well disposed of. then add one teaspoon Thereare a good many pleasant things RS,
and that, is that there are fifty families A prosaic subject, but one "'vexatious of sugar. one and a half oft salt, pepper o btthe aiden goor man ylte things N, flt $ 5 c
to oneGuineaeow. Thefew that have to th to th in go erves of to t asteand a little buttergor dripping; bats, and how glad I would beoif Icould NearTALLAHASSEE, Fla., Six Months.
themtmay be thankful, for they are gen- many of our Florida housekeepers, who, cover with cold water and return to thie ol th m
te and Small eaters counpsred with their' for the first tue in their lives, find fire.r Keo top it boiling, tirrig occasion- ea o t it killing them.
yel ich mlk; very hardy al o. themselves driven in sel-defnse, to the ally and add ing more waler c if too dry, sThey asre ondr best insect meters, eati rigt E. DUBOIS, Manager.










y.*-Aied s, of is olytefwwokw.nugfrs i n shit.Tel odore e ally o hand B uaddn more Watr eif tmorof dry, osig~h amc.Ifyu-A D- -
At all events, it pays to get'a good cow wash-tub and ironing table. We shall t lis e c i a season hundreds of cut worms and cot-t
and treat it well. Would you expect a never forget the comical dismay of o ne mashed potatoes. It wil take abot an n moths, flies, gnats and mosquitoes- end fr" Catgue L and order early. Send, also, .
mahdpte.I iitk bita making it really a calamity to kill a bat. or 'rice"L-t of KV"-anple copies, of al Fre ,e to &.". :..
goodntoves to cook your dinner with no such,- t ho related in our hearing n her Is- hourifkept at the boiling point, mkn itral s alam t t b aat. iP ic Wise o a L nyr'"
fire in it? dicroues 'first attempt to iron the irou The fao is Now let up on grern Open your windows and let the bats Florida Tih Address.
If the common Florida cow must be baud's linen pantaloons. bs es facome in. So does yourF ori
deppnded on, look out for one of the "The knees' were on the sides of the beans. U NOLE DoCTOR.
TO CLEAN O)REAsY POTS AN[) PeNS. -4 IEJl 1,1. AAN CLOVER AND TURF CRASS.
Sbet. for there is'a great difference in legs. andothey were full of points and Keep box of clean saTd. near the SlNttDE, July 12, 1So7. APN .
them. not only in char-acter, but In yield. peaks all over. Poor fellow, I did pity ktean tab.ta cpu o The i A n q tit desi nd onru ariv de spto of th
It you can pare from $75 to $150"toin- him.and myself. too. Everybody laughed kitchen table. Put a good cupful of it in' A HAMM,11K|TENT. (L.spedeca srilahad Paspalum platycaule.) OWSend for irettar-ivLng description of the
a.It.n. illustrated and described in FLOnIDA FARMIL Princely Premiums offered to sub-
vest in a cow. don't send out of the at us, and I really be i ieveheifelt as much greasy pot or pan, and stir with a stickeAwa back in our issues of February r Ooz .-- rb. t
State for it. or you w]i be almost certain like 'weeping a weep' as I did." in a lively manner. It will absorba tte Awad back th, I told my cousinsfhowFeupplt ed anddescribdIanae
to lose it. Youi can get just what you It is much the same with shirts t.o, grease iy tot 0 pan can e et to make two kinds of ha ocs, and pled a 0 per thousand,
-want without crossing thie Florida hor- and we know that the hints contained Twashebth e r ps o ovae themokn. -how o T. DY a.ipIa.tLnT
der, from pure bred herds that have below will be as welcome to manu an s v The bottom of e s i the boiler, pots o"ay over them. T.K. OODBEY, Waldo, Florda. .
been acclimated for generations to soil recipes for the table: Everybody enjoys a hammock, and
Buyon eothecwst raiw Th otarpintfboii ate pontollarspour can be cleaned of that horrible soot enjoys'it all the more if a net can be Nurseries of the Milwaukee-Florida Orange 0o.
dud climate. To starch shirt bosomsad collars, pour whleclings to them, by beinu set in fixed so as tofall over it and keep insects
Buteat it with a pint. of boxing, water upon two ounces fx a to f o it an inet DUNEDIN, I ..-'R'. CO-U*- FLO-' EDA.
the same consideration You would give of gum arabic, cover it and let it stand the-sand and rubbed backhand forth, at bay, or a curtain to shut out the glareNEDIN, ILLSBORO CONY, LOR A.
to one in theNorth;I have an excellent recipe for dry We mekosa specialtyofuthe distbietiv, varieties of Citrus Nursery Trees, such as Double
tooei hrot; give it-good. whole- over night. A tablespoonful of this gum o tesu., one foriesie'higprsnl eecedb ammbrofor Compan' In Californial, and
some fo6d. a-comfortable,'roomy; stall, arabic water stirred into a pint of starch yeast, one forlight bread and several for ofhtseosuni
intoa s tarcheuse-ofstalebread. Iwil-send.them Wellhereisawaytodotho utinNmperial, Riverssde buds personally selected by a member of on ropany aLi n
Well hee i a ay t dothi ou inWasnin ton Navels, Maltese Bload, Hart's Tardiff, flu Eel. Jaffa, Stark's Seedless, Tangerine,
shade, pure water, a ,box of rocek silt made in the- usual manner, will give to the dsd bf *tll .ra.Iwl edte the open ground, or', better still, under a nuo. rin~effincusiea Wenav Villa Franca, lielau. Prentium, Sicily, Genoa and Eureka..A~lso, Tahiti
With little sulphur sprinkled amongst lawns, either white or printed, a looked of ndeaired, but willnot tax your patience tree or shady gl'spe arbor. Limes, Peaches lBidwell's Early, etc.), Plums, White AdriaticFigs, etc., etc.. '
it, placed where it can help itself, and newrness, when nothing else can restore eonge, this time. Cut four strong sticks or saplings as Ou tc slrean opee hft Ad.lea. DUCANa nag'efreo Dan~ledti~n, .
yOU will have made one of the best pay- them. To every pint of starch add a AUNT JtUDITS SUNSHINE. thick as *our arm, and five or six feet- drsAL UCM, aaeDmmFa
lngjntvesatments of your life, piece of spermacot~i candle the size of a Our. ..- l ong, point them and drive them firmly C II U JTT 'I14 F Aib ~ g b llr-lr 7i t 7r (_ 4-fl
Di ..-dyo~u know...th~at ac.'climated thor- chest-nut. Y uP oung'FOlks' Corner. into the groundIn the shape of aparal- l--J )-lt~-J.BL /.1' XL AJlA4.J L-4 [.S.1.' -.t LiLP9 .
oughbreds coui dhebought in Fliorida? An expert laundry" woman recoin- 'isSTANDtJ'O OFFER. lelogram, that. is, oven with esch other,".
..No, that is juat the mistake -that so mended-to usthe use of kerosene in fine A nie picture booki each month to the boy but t~he sides longer than tho ends, ^------------v - -' .
-so many. make. Our-;breeders ought to starch to make the linen glossy and to or gtrl who sndausthe largestlIlstorsubserib- Then tie a strong rope from one end 't, _A..O.rSO..q''v I..t.J_.._, r'-j.A _-' ..
advertise. more extensively than they do, .keep the iron from stickin~g. We tried erafor "Tl~r'n'ha" Font AN Fa "r stick to-the other, and fasten the 'ham- .. .. ... .-_,..-:.; __..-'
nthat the b'g' public aY komay heknowantheyersitsweradm theresuutlAbsauereadmirablpd".t thAbouts ooOkooprsto" dur thngntthat yomwinibL'famousU mockr.ope.stoL UU it inL/ .Ithecentn-e"4LJaoyo_.uTwill'
Asit .' i a.only-th fet who .o. enoughal teaspoonful o erenotrcnhildren's ','agazlne,tst. Nie 0olst, tO the boy seetha~tthisend rope must bejust the right .N --...:+,. .-.
-. 3s~lb~s; l;is nl~te fw ho fiw, noghfor six shirts. The odor evap- orgr whe sends us. the l largest number of -height to swing the hammock. If you--AbD J -
'othersoftour older sand more-northern ironed. -Each molecule of-starch seems ordotugs:-write tsouonesidet'bepsge~glve ends, close to the ground, the tent will DEL-ATLERSI:<:TNI G'ARDEN-'I .-ALD FxT I ELD:1":P SEEDS.tl-
co..nts thr:r hed ftorough- to be surrounded with an refinitesimaltonrsge. .- "" -.".,-b~l h imrfri
breds, headed byt registered sires, and thin pellicle of the Oil and the Thei betlterrcive i!epulse bgltefimrfr t
*f ; .: fro- t ~t to two hu d e glde ove the bo on, i..ron each week .. N ow get up on a ladder and pull dow n W e are now prepared-tb furnish -"
n: umberingtrm i~ ownnragieloe h oemLeaving a Now go to work and see who wins "the four ends of the sticks and fasten - FRESH TUPNTDi. AND. ,-,,,''CABBAGE SEEDS.-,', -" "
.-arid fi'fty~to ibe-hercd. :- ".. smooth, clean. gl6ssyte.pa'dse them together, either with rope or wire, "r',t'tuNt. -ZJ .kJ! J J.,
.-..-.Jerse.Ysl,;"Pdre-a'ddrgr~addd,@predominate. The ntodusope'andi lasg follows: ..___. aU BAS the latter is the mere durable. .-,.. .. .., .- . .
'(somefritem~na<'ui -4'8 rn'Flbridians", .:-Be Aire you boill-y-our "starch at least Tap.fi tap.tp "There's somebody Then all- you have to do is to throw In any quauntty desired; and-as the serason-advances will have a full supply, of ,.
..suside..1857), b~ut:t.here~ar~e alsoD~frhim'-2-.ternminutes, and then, ati'ain it before, kn~ckingat the door.".'Shall-we let him over the tent. thus formed, either netting :.:- ,,* :."*-,."); '" *' :..; .-:
O-'.engthe- -finestsc th' ot" "n~ to, tak ou .a=llup... Ten tahke c.~eo in',.my cousins? *- ... -- to keep out insects, era square of heavy ,,... ,'Y.al ...... uied i. thsclmt. -- :'
Lexington .,.m a-ndGuegrnseys. -" .: -" your. shirt bosom on the-left hand and'. A ga'eat,bigccbusin he Is, .with some canvass or dark cloth to keep off- the -. ." ',. "--''' ".. "t -.' ."- ::.-
a..fi'_ereC .bat"' iddsa.bzye6de*b'" f 'high -with thei'ight take-'sume star'ch~justas lit tle'c~ou~sins of his~veryv own, dnd so he .glal'oelihght. .. .: ,,, ',.ataloguo sient free on application'.,:. : ---.
-:, & : . .- .. -. I ... ._s ~ r ~-- -. .. .. ... .. '. a-_i-- y,, ,t, j .. ..re/. -- .,._ _.
-- .. -'' -" .-' .. '.-... :"- = - ,'" + r : '- '.
,, -- --a, .. : ..= *- .. .. "_-,r.. .
r+ ._ -.,, '. _--,_ ,- tv$.. . -z- p ,, -_ ,- -. - _.X-_ A-. -.,_ -. .. _- -. .., :-. -- -. - .. -,..,-,.---., . . ,q-g r-. sr.-_ .: : = : : : : .. .=:-_: _= ; .. .. : -- ,- -.... -
'=.' -,r,. + =.., "-7- q:-- j<-'" T--,' T "-t-- .-i:=-- -. ' : -" ---- -.---- --- ..- -- -- -- _..'-=..! -. -- .- :r- ,- .. :. '. ..,
"' ;Y' --+ga~,+'" " -'.r'' :+---- --t' .-' =..--.-.-,-. ,_-- ..- -----. . _. . .- r -- . ..:_- -








FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GRO WER. JULY 27. 1887.


inqiuries'concerning diseases of domestic
animals may be addressed to Dr. D. 0. Ltyon
Jacksonville, Florida, who will answer them
through this column.

Ailments of Animals.
The following cases are thus disposed
of by Dr. Phares in the Southern Live
Stock Journal:
BIGHEAD ?
J. W. W., Starkville, Miss: "Disease
discovered two months ago. Horse in
good condition with good appetite, eight
years old." I doubt its being big head
appearing at his age. It may be merely
a thickening of the tissues or an increased
-deposit of bone resulting from injury of
the periosteum received by a blow. If
so daily rubbing in a liniment made by
mixing tincture of lob -lia, glycerine
each'three ounces, thymo cresol half or
one drachm will relieve. If genuine big
head osteosarcomaa) cut down through
skin and into the midst of the spongy
bone and fill with strong tincture of
iodine. Dress with above liniment or
something else to 'protect from flies.
SWEENY.
J.B., Arcadia, Miss.: One of my best
mules became lame in his front leg just
as my breaking land was finished. My
manager thought the lameness in the
feet and had the mule shod, without
benefit. I discovered as soon as I saw
him that the trouble was in the shoulder.
He stands uneasily and puts right foot
forward, toe down. Shoulders are
smaller than they should be. I suppose
it is a case of double sweeny, but
'Youatt' says there is no such disease.
Can you advise me what treatment will
cure him?"
Wasting (atrophy) of the muscles of
the shoulder often results from injury of
the foot or leg, frequently from unequal
pressure of a badly fitting collar or
hames. In either, the cause must be
removed. The local treatment is various,
stimulating frictions applied daily, with
prolonged rubbing with ammonia or
iodine liniments,or kerosene, turpentine,
or blistering, etc. I have often treated
it in my own animals by inserting brass
wire, the ends being brought together
and secured ring shape, moved a little
daily for some weeks, the mule continu-
ing to work. A shorter way is to cut
through the skin a hole large enough to
admit two fingers with which tear the
skin loose all round.. Blowing up the skin
is not so prompt or certain. If the skin
can be torn loose without cutting it may
do,
9


Watering Horses.
The horse should be watered before
feeding; at least he should have given
him nearly what he wants before feed-
ing. There are several reasons for this.
If watered freely after being fed the food
taken in may be and usually is, washed
out of the stomach before the process of
digestion is fairly begun. This forces
an undigested mass into the bowels, a
:character of material the 'latter are not
.accustomed to receive, and colic may fol-
low. The sudden -taking of a large
amount of cold water into the stomach
so dilutes the gastric juice as to greatly
weaken its effects upon the food. The
stomach is also chilled and digestion is
retarded in this way. The horse's
stomach will hold about sixteen quarts
of water, and when thirsty he will drink
about that amount. This, if taken be-
fore eating his grain, will pass. in part
by that rapid process called endosmose,
and enter the system without hindrance
to the digestion. Oneof the worst possi-
ble practices is the onein common use of
giving a full feed of grain, then leading
the. horse to the watering trough, per-
mitting him to drink a pailful or more
of cold water immediately upon finish-
ing his feed. To feed and water in this
manner is to insure a suspension or dis-
turbance of digestion, and great dis-
comfort to the animal. A horse thus
treated is rendered unfit for drive on the
road; in fact a drive, except it be a very
moderate one. will be undertaken at no
Little hazzard to the immediate safety to
the animal. The horse should always
have water before eating, in amount de-
pending upon whether he is much fa-
tigued ornot.-National Live Stck Jour-
nal. '

Hints to Horse Owners.
Every man who grows a horse for
market should know that the persistent
and thorough use of the brush and curry-
comb is a powerful help toward making
money.
Horses put to hard work will almost
surely show puffy spots under the har-
ness, which will soon make bad galls if
neglected. Lift the harness and bathe
the spot with cold water when the teams
rest, and at evening. Make sure that
collars, especially, fit well and are smooth
and hard.
The horse fed on corn alone, although
fat, will melt down, or titeout it put to
a test alongsideof the lean, gaunt one fed
on oats. One is all fat, and the other
has muscles and tendons, solid and firm.
with the tissues un fevered andunclogged
with fat: one is hard, the other soft.
One can endure and the other cannot.
After service the mare may be worked
moderately till within a month of foal-
ing time, with such food as will keep her
in thrifty condition, remembering that
a healthy- colt, the foundation for a good
horse, can scarcely come from a mare
weak and debilitated from over-work or
want of nourishing food. Continue the
same gooa care after foaling, as the colt's
health is best regulated through the mare.
Should circumstances require it, a
good colt may be expected, even when
taken from its mother at a very few
weeks old, and brought up as most
farmers now raise their calves (on skim
milk), returning twice as much for
the same as the calf would pay. A
grade calf at the age of one year can of-
ten be purchased at about the price of
one well fattened six or seveh weeks old,
but the colt must be poor indeed at one


year old that will not bring the price of
the calf at two years of age.
It is the general belief among breeders
that stallions which are used for stock
purposes so young as two year-olds are
not as sure foal getters as those not put
to service until three or four years old.
We certainly would not recommend
using a yearling on any account, as it
will be pretty sure to retard his growth.
Foals by two-year-old stallions appear to
make just as good horses as those pro-
duced after coming to maturity.
Rysdyk's Hambletonian probably never
got a better son for stock purposes .than
Alexander's Abdallah, which was pro-
duced when that celebrated trotting
progenitor was but two years old. Sweet
heart, the first two-year old to get a re-
cord of 2.261-, was got by Sultan when in
his tvwo-year old form.

IMPROVE THE COWS.

Points which Determine a Good
S Dairy Breeder.
As we have said many times, and as Is
naturally the case, the country is full of
native cattle. Year after year these
cows are bringing iorih calves. Are the
calves any better than their dams? Of-
ten not, ,and it is pretty safe to say, gen-
erally not. Are the dams good for
anything? Very frequently not worth
the food they consume. Well, then, how
is it* that such cows are used for breeding
calves that are not -better than them-
selves? Because their 'owners do not
stop to think. They breed recklessly. If
they understand the principles of breed-
ing, they do not apply them, and if they
do not understand them, they make no
effort to ascertain what they are.
The millions of dollars that are annu-
ally lost through this reckless sort of
breeding are an .evidence of profligacy
that would suggest that we have more
money than we know what to do with.
The owner of a dow that is good for
nothing, or to say the least, is not up to
the standard, feeds out just as much
feed as would keep a good cow, goes to
the same trouble of producing a poor
calf as he would to produce a good one,
and has for his reward another inferior
cow to eat his feed and fodder, without
paying for what she consumes. In mer-
cantile transactions such a course would
lead to bankruptcy in short order, and
the only reason it does not do so on the
farm is because other departments are
drawn upon to make the loss in this one
good.-
If there was any excuse for pursuing
such a course, the case would be differ-
ent. But there is none, for, while it is
not desirable to use a'poor cow for breed-
ing purposes, she may be so used if the
sire is properly selected. There is no
absolute need of throwing such a cow
away, although we should never use her
as a breeder. It will take so much the
longer to get a good cow, if she is so
used. If asire is selected that has had
milking ancestors on both sides, he will
transmit milking qualities to the off-
spring of even such a cow, in some de-
gree, and by continued careful selection,
at least a fair dairy cow will.finally be
the result. But no cow is fit for breed-
ing for dairy purposes, unless her annual
yield of milk at five years of age is five
thousand pounds. If she gives that
much milk, she may be regarded as a
good dairy breeder without looking for
further evidence.
But there are some general points
which are accepted as being evidence of
the possession of dairy qualities. The
cow must have a large stomach, the
reasons for which are obvious. This
will be indicated by broad and deep sides
and loitis and broad hips. She should
have bright eyes and horns, and lustrous
hair, as this indicates :natural vigor.
She should have a large udder and large
veins leading to it. Largeness of udder
means a broad, deep and long udder. The
teats should be set well apait, and the
skin ought to be soft and elastic. 'It_ is
generally considered, too, that a cow
having a yellow skin, and the inside of
whose ear is yellow, will give a richer
quality'of milk than one not possessing
these characteristics. We have observed
that this is a very excellent indication,
although we are unable to explain why.
It is one of the things we have not
learned yet.
The peiiud during which the cow con-
tinues to give milk must also betaken'
iuto consideration in determining her
value as a breeder. A good dairy cow,
when kept properly, ought to give milk
for ten months, and cows celebrated for
their large yield of milk are usually long
milkers. It must be observed that in
order to reach the standard of annual
quantity the long milker need produce a
very much Iess quantity than the short
milker. Now. if we have cows with
these characteristics, it will not be diffi-
cult, if we carefully select the sire, to
build up a milking herd at once, and get
out of outr cow-yard the measure of profit
that it owes us.-American Stockman.
-4-
Points About Feeding Cows.
Editor 1rnridi Farmnier anid Fruit-Grov.'r:
There is danger of animals taking too
much-salt only when they are given it
occasionally and at too long intervals.
Have a "box where they can reach it
themselves, and they will only take a
lick as they require it. Meal is much
better for cows than corn, as it is more
easily digested. Cotton-seed meal may
be mixed with it to increase the quantity
of milk where quantity instead of qual-
ity is the object. -
Corn will sometimes cause loss of cud,
and the feeding of it unground is done
at a loss. AROUS.

A Novel Pig Yoke.
During a recent visit to Mr. Sterling
B. Johnson's, in CarrotU county, says the
Nashville (Tenn.1 Wheel, we noticed a
lot of pigs yoked in a novel manner for
the purposeof preventingtrespass on the
corn-fields. His wife, "-Aunt Sallie,"
claims the honor of the invention, and
as a safe, simple and successful means
of controlling mischievous pigs, we give
our readers the benefit of it. Take corn


cobs arid break them into sections of
three inches in length, and burn or bore
out the pith, and then run a strong twine
through them and tie them around the
pig's neck. It will require a very large
opening to accommodate a pig with this
yoke, and there is no possible danger of
becoming fastened in the fence, as in the
old-fashioned switch yoke.

Sheep for the South.
Always take the native sheep for a
basis on which to build a flock of pure
grades. A Merino buck doubles the val-
ue of the clip of woolupon the first cross
by increasing the quantity fully fifty per
cent. and the quality an equal amount.
If you wish to raise mutton, nothing so
good as the Southdown. Long-wooled
sheep have not prospered in the South so
far.
SWhere it is intended to raise .pure
bloods for sale, the flock must be kept
within bounds, say from. fifty to one
hundred head. The pasturage should be!
changed every month, to allow the
ground and grass to become sweet.
Sheep kept too long on a pasture are
certain to become diseased. Goats are a
protection against dogs. Hogs and cat-
tle should never be permitted to occupy
the same pasture as sheep. Every ani-
mal will pay-.a profit of. $1 per annum
net. A large flock, especially the 'na-
tives and their grades, should have a big
range and kept on the move. They
should be watched night and day by a
person specially employed for that pur-
pose. A good, steady boy will answer.
A couple of well-trained collies, with
an attendant, can care for a flock of
2,000.-Times -Democrat.

Cow Peas.
There -are many varieties of the cow
pea, some of which, if allowed to ripen,
will reseed the ground the following year
if planted in the month of June. The
black pea is one, and the red pea another
variety, that replant themselves. We
should advise orange growers who are
in the habit of growing peas in their
orchards every year to give these two
varieties an extended trial. If success-
ful it would save both time and money.
Both make a strong growth of vine, and
are every way equal in that respect to
the choice clays or whippoorwills. One
and a half bushels sown broadcast is
-sufficient for an acre.-Times-Democrat.
The prejudice against ensilage and en-
silage butter is fast disappearing as the
people become better informed. Prof.
Alford of the Massachusetts Agricultural
College, good authority, as he is an. ex-
pert cow man and dairyman, says:
"Butter from cows fed on ensilage
stands in the first class in our most
critical markets and has done so for
years."
Milking rapidly does not mean jerking
sharply or moving with hasty or irregu-
lar motions in the presence of the cow.
Such a course would counteract her sus-
picions. They should be deliberate and
cool, but when set down to the milking,
let nothing be allowed to interrupt or
retard the work.

The Times-Union Printing and
Publishing Company.
OFFICERS.
President: Charles H. Jones.
Vice-President: Fred. W. Hoyt.
Secretary and Treasurer: George W.
Jones.
BY-LAWS.
ARTIC I. OF MEETINGOS.
SECTION 1. A meeting .of the Stock-
holders of the company shall be held at
the office of the Times-Union Newspaper
on the second Monday in July of each
year for the election of di-ectors and the
execution of such other business as may
be brought before it. And -a special
meeting shall be called by the President
at any time when requested so- to do, in
writing, by the holders of one-third of
the stock. .
SEc. 2. Each stockholder shall he noti-
fied by written or printed notice, at least
five days before the holding of any spe-
cial meeting, the purpose of which meet-
ing must be stated in the notification,
and no other business shall be consid-
ered threat, except by uuaniimous con-
sent. .
SEC. ., The holders of a majority of
the stock of the company present at any
meeting shall constitute a quorum.
SEC'. 4. The directors of the company
shLall meet for the election of officeias,
etc., immediately after the adjournment
of the annual meeting of stockholders,
and at least obce in each month, or upou
the call of the President, or, in his ab-
sence, of the Vien-President, to take into
consideration the condition of the affairs
of the company, and to take or direct
such measures as may be calculated to
promote its interests. .
ARTICLE It. OFOFFIOERS.-
S.e. 1. The officers: of the conipauy
shall be a President, Vice-President, Sec-
retary and Treasurer, who. shall hold
their respective offices for one year from
the time of election, or until their suc-
cessors are duly elected and qualified.
SEC. 2. No person not a stockholder in
the company shall be chosen to fill any
of its offices.
SEC. 3. The duties of the President
shall be those usually devolved upon the
executive offcer of like corporations, and
he shall also act and be recognized as
the general manager and conservator of
the business and interests of the com-
pany.
SPc. 4. The Vice-Presideut shall, in the
absence of the President, discharge
the duties devolving upon that officer.
SEC. 5. The Secretary shall record the
proceedings of all meetIngs of stock-
holders and directors, in books provided
for "that purpose, and shall discharge
such other duties as may be hereinafter
or otherwise imposed upon him by the
company.
Sac. 6. It shall be the duty of the
Treasurer to keep the books and accounts
of the company, to prepare all exhibits
or financial statements required, to at-


tend to the collection and disbursement ARTICLE IV. OF FINANCES,. ETC. person or persons so chosen shall retain
of the moneys of the company, to make SEc. 1. The officers or d(rectois of the tbeir places until the next annual meet-
contracts for advertising, etc., and to Company shall never sell or alienate the ing of the stockholders.
perform all like duties, under the direc- title or good will of any of the publica- Amiiiidieis.ct -These by-laws may
tion of the President; and he shall be re- tions belonging to the'company, o r S. be alleied, amended, or repealed at any
quired to give a bond in such amount as any Ireal estate of wiT h it mar to me meeting of the I'oard of directors, by the
may be fixed by the board of directors possessed, without ir tcalling mrueeting afirmative vole of a majority of those
for fhe safekeepino-of the moneys of the ,-f tie sto.;kl.o.lers and ,btaining the. preent, pr.d!tf..fnotii..eof such proposed
company and the faithful and proper cu0enr in writing ot the hldeis o:f two- alteration. amendment, or repeal, shall
ditcliaige of hie. diities. Lie shall also thidsj,:,f all their stock issued. have been given in writing at the pre-
be the custodian of the corporate seal SEC. '? All the pecuniaiy enjgagemenits ceding iegiular meeting of the hoard.-
of the company, with or ou behalf ot thie company shall ORER OF BPSLNX5S.
Suc-. 1. The AiG c.,'f ertary and beI fra
TE,"-. ma The ..l.e secretary ad be A far as practicable, for cash and not The following -shall be until otherwise
Treasurer may bie hi. 1 by the same pr- on credit; ad evtrlv legitimate effort directed the order of na usines& at the reg-
s. in totion of te Directois. sall be nae to place anil keep its bjiiCi- ular meeting of the board of directors:-
ARTICLE 11. OF STOC'K. nlsi upon an exclusively ca.h basik., I. 'The reading and approval or cor-
EC. 1. The Print nd Srear The officers shall however. have power reaction of the minutes of the preceding
SEC. l1. The Presidnnt and Secrketary to contract debt or incur pecuniary obli- nie.-ting.
shall ig all ncertificates of stock ande gations for paper, materials, labor, or 2. Report foffieete.
make all tranafers c.o tthe same os the services necessary for th, due perform- 3. Report of special committees.
books of the compa*yy but they shall ance of the business of the Company. 4. LUnfinished business.
not affix the corporate seal of the cowm- 3 N
pany without being previously author- Sc. 3. No money belonging to the 5. New business.. -
ized so to do by resolution of the board 'Company shball he loaned or used for any
of directors, purpose other than the legitimate busi-
SEC. -2. No sale or transfer of stock in ness for which it was incorporated: and .iOTUREOON
the company shall be consummated dividends of nis net receipts hall bede-
unless an offer of the same shall have ared and paid at least once in every Ro n11 on R
been first made, in writing, to the board "six -iu" th.
of directors, in which offer the name of -SEC. 4 The funds of the compa-ny
the prop,:osed purchaser and the pi ice shall be kept on deposit in a safe aid
shall be stat ed. The directors shall responsible place to be designated from U
then notify the existing stockholders. time to time by the directors, and shall
any of whom may accept such offer and be withdrawn therefrom only by the
buy the said. stock at any time within check of the P'resident. countersigned
five days after the offer shall hav,- been by the Treasurer of the Company. --- -
delivered at the office of the company. SEC. 5. Books of account of tlhe bust- rhis s what kfled your poor father; --'Shtm it
If none of theexisting stockholders shall ness of the Company shall be kept at its 4vold anything containing it throughout your
buy the stock within five days. the sale office, and they shall be posted as nearas eum.o ar er Weolde heads ojet
may then he completed to tlIe person possible up to and including the last day spcile and ,
named in the offer, provided he shall of each month, and be open at all times IJU11 I roOUUL neyn futile )A
first be declared acceptable by stock- to the it.spection of each stockholder. .fr~owitectpCdCraxor- -
Nhar not, used at random all over'
holders representing not less than thret- SF,-. i. The fiscal vearshall commence be housetogetrido D | o TIf vl
fifths of the setork, but not at a les pri-?e with the filrt day of'November, at which R.:oaehes.Water-bug5cET U LI^ i
than that named in the original offer, tirue a balance shleet of the business of FRciGt ON RATS"dry powder.tn,'m,"-y~
It is understood, however., that thik thi- preceding year shail be submitted. itour and down the sink, drain v
claue shlllI not be Eo construed ast to A monthly exhibit, showing the exact :ipe. is th inn the morning w
p a df h n it ail away down thesink,drainpipe,.wen
prevent an.y holder or st,,ck frotim hy- condition of the b:usin,6ss an] affail'r, of l thueinseets from garret to cellar wul disap-
pothecating ,or using the same a9 ci.ll.at- the 1i',mpau.y, shall also b.i- prepared and imar. The ecret is inbthe fact thatwherever in-
teral security, should lie choo-se sio to do 6ibmittedl at each monthly meeting of .etsareinhe tnuse, tbey must NAACUHE
ir negotiating for the use of money:: hut risdihe oa ofe ROACbt- ES
the board of directors.Clcarlas out.-,ats, h1te, Bed-bugs, Flies, Beetles.
stock can inly e si hypothecated cr S- All nr f t m n hall ,Roi3i c-N BRATs" issold all around the corld,
-used 'ith the-eXpressstipulationoi-on-hrsineb ePrnn.- er-e cmc-.e s the mnosteetea.srely advised
s e t P i t cn d hai tho args sale of any art-idle of us kinU
deistauding ibat. in the event of the uner da.hsgssloanatieoftskn
deitadibt l.&. n t^ c .. Sige d I.P the Treasurer; buE drafts ori the- fa,:eof tha globe. .
forfeiture then-~of, tihe right or privilege agnd ~ teTesrr u rft ntef~cfIh lb
of redeeming there tame shall trst-ie-e s rawn against the c0Dnjrany for neces DESTROYS POTATO BUGS
e other s e or any or matri.i.s. et... may ,e accepted by For Potato Bumin, Ec onVines, etc., table-
with the ither stockholde or n o eithelltr f them, and drIafts in favor of sp-.oiful of tLh powwder, weUhaken, ina keg o
them who nmay choose toavail themselves tle .ci.pan .may be dr.wn and m-onp. wvte.r, andl app;i-d Airh i.rMl-ing pot, spray
of such right ,r privilege. -- 1 t-- --'- nce.or whjek bi:,om. Ke-pit HeUlrirred.up.
SEc.3. No stockholder all tran diu the iompar'y may be received anud ,,.. e.r and itBoxas. Agir. ize.
anyC. stock until all claims ofall thrae C:r e ptd foir by either of them. 'ROUCHoRAT8 -CLEARS OUT-
any stOCK Until all claims ot tihe C,,)m- """fl -M <
pany against, auch stockholder -and al "iSCELL-NEQ-' PR'.:'CiV:NS. 1s BED BUGS,
debts due to the Company from him Ii;,ii.(ies.-- acancies in the board of FLIES
have been satisfied, paid or s-cutred. to directors mav be filled by the board it -F L EerS. blig, MOsr, ,mi
the satisfaction of tbe board of diLrctors, any mreting" after they ocitiur, and the parRoachs, krabiiesquir-gs, m.oths. sc, .
spafrow5,35ck rabbit.5, sqmirr~is, gdophnfli. I


: -" .= . _- == -. -- ".. '- '" '. ..= ,_ ..: : '." -


The following words, in praise of DR. PIMRCE's FAVORITE PRESCRIPTION as a remedy for those delicate diseases and weak- .
nesses peouliar to women, must be of interest to every sunerer from suth maladies. They are fair samples of the Spontaneou ,
exprcssions with whicn thousands give utterance to their sense of gratitude for thoe inestimale boon of bu-alLh which has been
restored to them by the use of this world-famed medicine. -.- -
JO..n E. ..SEA," of Mil.enbeeS, Va., writes: 3 .s SopHxA F. BOSWZLT "White Cotta O. -0
S at OHIN SE 'o ~D .,Vn ,eo. ue mvwrites: 1'"1 took eleven bottdes of your "pa- -..
10i 0 wMywifehad beensufferingfor two orthree IHREW AWAY wVorite acripton' and onebortl eo f or o..a -
out one hundred dollars to physicians with- HERll for sometime. I have fiad to employ help for
THRO AWAY. iout ref. She took Dr. Pierce's Favorite i i o sme t e I hom en fo
i RW N Prescription and it: did her more good than SUPPORTER. ab youth s ixteen years beforI have haI comm ened tak-, .
... ho alli the milcine given to her by the physi- ing Yortur medost of the time; this aave lto weara
clans during the three years -they had been practicing upon her." feel supporter most of the time; this 1 have laid
Mrs. OxOusOx H a of Weti-ldt .. -., aie II.. ...and feel a well as I ever did."
I n, PSIT wr te.-, I was a great stfforer from leuor- irs. MArt GLASON, of Wvunwa, Ttawa C..o.
/rhea.beai;ng-domn pains. and pan contn- i iT WORKS i eMt.. writs. our -Favorie PrcrpO t on
THE GREATEST IT^yo WORKS FavoitePrescripton'
1I BO 1 uallyacross my back. Three bottles of your has worked wondersin ty case..a
t?&v BOOK. WONDERS.Favorite Prescription' restored me to per- Agan shewr te6,:_Baringtaken severseot-O -
fbeeI/le BOil. th. ItreatedwithDr'.fr as b i e Favori riptio, Inav r--
SI months without receiving- any benefit I ained my health wonderfully, to the astonish-
The-' Favorlte Presciption is e greatest earthly boon.to us meant of myself ad .friends. I can now le on my feet all daj
poor suffering women.' attending to the duties of my household.

*TREATING THE WRONG DIFA-RF.
Many times women cell on their family physicians, suffering, .as they imagine, one from dyspepsiaasnother from heart disease,
another from Uliver on kidy dieae another from n-votS exhauson or prostration, another with pain here or herea. n .In
thus war they all present a..,. to them- lves and their easy-guing and indifferent, or over-busy doctor, separate and disnnct leases,
lor which he prescribes his pills and pc.t ions, asuming them to be such, whn.In reaitv, they are all o., ,ir.ptors caused by some
womb disorder. The phbscian, ignorant of ttie cause of suffering, encourages his practce until large hils are made. The suffering
-Etient gets no"beter, but probably worse y yroaon of the delay, wrong treatment and consequent complications. A pro pr enmedicine.
ilke Dr. Pe-rce's Favorite Pr-senption, dirc-lder to the cotue would have entirely removed the disease, thereby dispel all those
distressing symptoms, and instituting comfort instead of prolonged misery.8617Y
1-!^~, -I Mrs. E. F. MORoAN, of Wo. !1 Lexingion St., -:I A Marvelous Clre-- Mrs. G. F. SPR.AO ;
PHYSIIlANSl East Bop., Mac, says: "Five years agoI ELOUS I of Criltal, MItch., writes: "I was troubled with .-
i iiiii 1| was a dreadful s.ufferer from uterine trouble. iULUu female, weakness, leucorrhea and failing of the
I FlLn i. Having exhausted the skill of three phy- wfool I womb for seven years, so I had to keep my bed
I /rIhLLU, | slieans. I wan completely djacouraged, and so Uu/uno, I for a good part, or the tame. I doctored with an
I I it^ Iweak I could with diffiBulty cross the room army of dffent physicians, and spentI large sums -,
alone. I began talking Dr. Pierce's Favorite Precription, and of money, but receired no lastang benefit. Atr las& my g husband -
using the local treatment recommended in his 'Common bense persuaded me to try your medicmes, which I was loath to do, .
Medical Adviser.' I commenced to improve at once. In three because I was prejudiced against them, and the doctors said
months I was perfectly citrt, and have had no trouble since. I they would do me no good. I finally told my husband that if ::
wrote a letter to my family paper, briefly mentioning how my.- e would get me some of your medicines, I would try them
health had beean restored, and offering to end the full particulars against theadvieofmy physician He got me six bottlesof the .;.
to any one writing me for them, arid enclosir a tampcd-cn- *Favorite Prescription also six bottles of the Discovery,', for
velope for reply. I hare received over four hundred letters. :ten dollars. I took three bottles of 'Discovery' and tour of
In reply, I have described my case and the treatment used -Favorite Prescription,' and I have been a sound woman for four -
and have earnestly advised them to 'do likewise.' From a gr.ea years. I then gave the balancof the medicine to my sister, who
many I bare received second lettersof tbanks. stating that they was troubled In the same way, and she cured herself In a short
had commenced the use of -Favorite Prescription 'had sent the time. I have not bad to take any medicine now for almost
$1.50 required for the 'Medical Adviser,' and had applied the four years."
local treatment so fully and plainly laid down therein, and were .
much better already." '
THE 'OUTGROWTH OF A VAST *iXnmo DTOE.
The treatment of may thousan.lsof cases cures nausea, weakness of stomach, ndi- l.Inpregnan cY9"FavoritePrescription
of those chronic 'weaknessesand disteginK gest-on. bloating and eructations of gas. Is a "mother's cordial,"_rei.evl nausea,
allmens e.iliarto tomales,at the Invalids As a soothing and s-ett gtbnug efng weakness of stomach and other
Hotel ndSurgictal"Institute,,Buffalo,-N.V-., nervixte," Favorite Precription" is uu- symptoms common to that condition.
has afforded a vast experience in nicely equalled and is invaluable in allsying3 .and tsuse is kept up In the.latter months of
adapting and thoroughly testing remedies subduing_ nervous itabilty.rtat ty gestation it- so prepares the s emfod
for the cure of woman's peculiar maladies. exhausnion, prostraton hysteria, spasms i ory as to greatly lessen, andman-ytmes
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription and other distressing, nervous symptoms almost entirely do away with the sufferings
IS the outgrowth, or result, of this great commonly attendant upon functional and of th.at trying ordeal
aud valuable experience. Thousands of organic disease of the womb. It induces S&FaVori ePrescription,-when taket "
testlimomals. received from patients and refresbing alcep and relieves mental, ax- in connection with the use of Dr. Pierce's
from physicians who have tested it in the ieet and despondency._ otden Medical Discovery.and- small laxa-
more aggravated and obstInate caes which Dr. Fierce's Favorite Prescription tive doses of Dr. Pierce's lir-gative Pellets
had baffled their skill. prove It to be the is a legitimate medicine, carefully([Attle Liver Pills), cures Liver Kidney and -
most wonderful remed ever devised for compounded by an experienced and skllful Bladder dlseaes. Their combsifed use also _
the relief And cure of suffering women. It physician. and adapted to woman's delicate removes blood taints, and aboishes can-
is not recommended as a 1-cure-all'" but organihtIon. It Is purely vegetable in its ceroun and scrofulo0us humors:-from the
as a most perfect 8peciflo for wonanB's composition and perfectlyharmessin i ts system. -
pecullar ailments. effects In any condition of the system. FavoriteO Presciriplo.i'slbs onl '
As a powerfulJ invigorating tonic,, "Favoriltle.Pescription" .s oapost. medicine for women sold, by .r..st,
it Imparts strength to the whole system, tive core for t.e most complicatedaand nuder a positive guarantee, frm- te ,-
and to the uterus, or womb and Itsap- obstinate cases of leucorrhea, or "whites," manufacturers, that It will give atafac-
pendages. in particular. For overworked, excessive fpwing at monthly periods, pain- tion In every case.ormoeywill be re-
'worn-out." "run-down."debiltated teach- ful menstruation unnatural suppressions, funded. This guarantee has -eenprinte
era. milliners dresmakers, seamstresses, trolapaus or faig of the womb, weak on the bottie-wrapper,aod-faillUy car_ -
"shop-girls" housekteepers, nursing moth- back, female weakness," anteverslon, re- tried out for many years. Large bottle -
era, and Teeble women generally, Dr. troversion bearing-down sensatMs, ochron- 00 doses) $ILO, -or ix botlqa for ...
Pierce's Favorite Prescription Is the great-. 1o congestion, inflammation and ulceration M O.-- n for Dr '-.
est earthly boon, being unequalled as an of the womb. inflammation, pain and ten- end ten cents in stamps' for Dr- -.
appetizing cordial and restorative tonic. It derness in varies, accompanied with "In- Pierce s. large Illustrated r Treatise -10'
promote digestion and aslmlationof food, eternal heat. page on Diseases of.. Women. -
Address. WOBDS DUSPENSARYB EDICAAL ASSOCIATION, No. 668 "ain Street', A N "'

-- ,::I. -;, a -.'
,. ---. cr- -, :.


'238










w


Oa^r"(f "HMisrifrn
USEFUL AND TIMELY HINTS ABOUT
THE FLOWER GARDEN.

An Easily Made Rat Trap that Does
Effective Work-Growing Tomato Plants
as Uprights-Three Leading Types of
Lettuce Worthy of Cultivation.
Numbered with varieties of lettuce that
furnish crisp, delicate salads for the table,
and which when grown in -perfection find
ready sale in the markets, are "cabbage,"
"Cos" and "curled," widely differing in
appearance. The cabbage, the best known
of the three types mentioned, shows a
round head formed-of broad spreading
leaves.; -


I BLACK SEEDED SIMPSON.
The curled lettucedis a subdivision of the
cabbage. There are a number of varieties.
S.me i:iTv- ','e,, curled leaves, showing
the hLm.it -,f the cabbage, though not
forming solid heads. Others form large,
flat heads with their curled leaves. Such
a- lettuce is the "Hanson." The outer
leaves are a bright green, with prominent
light colored veins; inner leaves are white
and usually curved and twisted at the
base and very tender and sweet. A popu-
lar curled lettuce in markets which de-
mand a large loose head is the black
seeded Simpson, the leaves of which are
large, thin and tender. This is a very
popular sort in some portions of the west
for general market use, it being attractive
in appearance, of-excellent quality, and a
better keeper than many other varieties.
.Au ori_.tinnutr.d -'irit- that re':,:m-nruends
itself fr tzi..J-- dcration-uithoiih the
quality is not so good as either of the
kinds described-is the "green fringed"
lettuce. -
The Cos varieties of lettuce are of quite
distinctt habits of growth, the heads being
long aild upright with narrow oblong
leaves. The Cos lettuce, at the east, is
con-iJ.re'l quite a .elicrcy, being exceed-
ing tender, brittlci and highly flavored.


"" COS LETTUCE.
To develop its desirable qualities Cos
S lettuce must be tied up after the heads
have termed, i-r else blanhtied und.ler pots.
S, There are, of cour:-, mauy sub-virieties
Edf the types mentioned, wni,'h 'ire worthy
e: (,f cultiv.i ,a, but these represent -:orts
: thAt are kLo.i-n to prove satisfictory
Uri oer iriu'r7 arden culture, anrI
: ihretoe re toi e-.iraile, especially when
S nly a few- varieues are groum.

The Carrot as a Field Crop.
.Not a few of our progressive farmers
S are ail'pting a practice common among
: Enr-dsh agriculturists and growicig car-
S rots as a field crop. They believe that
S there is no b-tter root for cows anel horses,
sheep andil oxen Fed in connection with
hay or grain carrots seem to increase the
S valne of the latter. That is, the carrot
I. itself nrot only cont-tins much nutriment,
but it appears to c.us.e the other food to
digest more perfectly, so) that little or
none is wasted. This is certainly the case
with cnri. As a substitute for hay car-
rots prevent costipati.:,n when much dry
fooed i3 used. Like oil meal they brighten
up the coats of animals, giving a sleek,
glossy lo,-.k. Carrots also improve the
.oiror and quality of milk and butter.
When cooked they are good for poultry,
and fel either cooked or raw they are val-
uable for hos.

Tomato Plant, Grown on Trellis.
For a number mtf reasons seedmen and
progressive gardeners have made claim
that tomato piants when trained on a
trellis-as shown in the cut-or with
stakes- and hoops' to grow upright, not
only bear a larger quantity of fruit, but
mature it *earlier than whta left to take
their own course.


,a--


S.TO.rMATO r DAMNEDD ON A TRELLIS; ..
Gardeners 'who train their'. tomato
nlant .aLso .q practice pinching back the


Side branches and stopping others just be-
yond where the fruit is formed. This
thinning out needs to be judiciously done.
A little brush or straw is sometimes
placed around vines trained as described,
to prevent any of the fruit from touching
the ground, thus keeping it in good con-
dition. Any device that will keep the
vines upright, of course, answers essen-
tially the same purpose as the ones men-
tioned.

In the Flower Garden.
It is not generally known that hyacinth
and tulip bulbs, lifted after the foliage be-
gins to die and kept in a 4ool, dry place
through the summer and reset in October,
will produce the most abundant and per-
fect flowers. This is worthy of trial.
Annual border plants will be the better
for thinning out now if crowded, and the
soil should be kept well stirred to promote
growth and keep down weeds. Trellises
or supports for sweet peas and climbers
must be provided. Verbenas in beds are
ready for pegging down this month. If
fall pansies are wanted sow the seed the
latter part of June. When healthy plants
in the border begin to turn yellow and
stop growing dig down for the grub worm
that is the probable cause of trouble and
kill.it. During the present month, after
the hybrid perpetual roses have flowered,
many gardeners shorten in the branches,
believing that the plants will flower more
freely in the fall in consequence.
A watch should be kept for the sprouts
and shoots that start out from roses, from
lilacs and other shrubs, and be removed
as soon as they appear, in order'to prevent
enfeebling the plants. For slugs on roses,
dry slaked lime sprinkled over the foliage
while wet with dew is one of the easiest
remedies to apply and tolerably effectual.
Spraying the plant with a solution of
whale oil soap, in the proportion of half a
pound to four gallons of water, is much
surer. The ravages of the rose bug, which
makes its appearance about the middle of
June, can be prevented by shaking or
brushing the insects off each day and buin-
ing or otherwise destroying them. Sprink-
ling the bushes with buhoch or Persian in-
sect powder is also efficacious.

An Effective Rat Trap.
The rat trap shown in our illustration
is recommended by The Indiana Farmer
as one which anybody can easily make,
and which will repay for the trouble,
where there are rats about the corn crib,
:house or.barn.
Take a barrel, and cut a square hole as
large as possible in one end, fastening the
portion cut out with cleats. This square


















A SIMPLE ATr TRAP.
piece should be fastened back again as it
was, with a hinge arranged so that the
piece will drop down, and a little piece put
on the b:,t'irei head to keep it from raising
beyond the level of the head. Fasten a
bent piece of hoop iron to the trap with a
handle projecting beyond the barrel, and
to this hib -udle ftttach as much weight as
will juit 't Llance the square piece without
anything n it. Suspend a piece of cheese
or other bnit a few inches above the mid-
dle of trh- pii>e, so) arranged that. whenthe
rat alights on the top his ieigcht immedi-
ately rips the trap, and into the barrel he
goes. Fill the barrel about a quarter full
of water.
Hilling Potatoes Versus Flat Culture.
Hilliwr po:.tatoes has been practiced from
time out of late, and represents today
the most popular mode of culture for the
tubers, In the face of this widespread
practice, howe.-er, some of our most trust-
worthy and careful experimenters claim
that fat culture, under ordinary condi-
tions, give-s the best. results. Prominent
among the advocates of fiat culture, not.
only for potIatoes, but, for corn, is Mr. E.
S. Carman, editor of The Rural New
Yorker. In a recent issue of The Country
Gentleman is civ-eu the report of a thor-
ough triil of the killing and fiat mo-des of
culture, -n which it is stated that flat cul-
ture gives from 15 to 21) per cent. more
than the hills. Among cultivators who
have corroborated the above opinion is
Mr. T. E. Plait, of Fairfield county, Conn.,
who experiments annually on some 800
varietie-, and who states in The Country
Gentleman that he finds the crop much
larger with flat culture.

The Ice Snpply.
Ice weighs, as crhliniarly packed, abont
fifty peuidi t:. the cubic foot. Estuniting
at the rate ot 10,) pounds per day for the
ordinary co:nsiurrnption of a farm dairy, ucine
ton would be used utip in twenty days. A
ton and a half- per month isi moderate
supply for a dairy farm. There ought
always to be full calculation r made tor
wastage, andlbhout four tineseas much ice
stored as will be used, unless the ire house
is of the very best conestriiction.
If drain tiles can be hlid at the bottom
below the base, to take the drainage, good
use can be made, says The Dairyman, of
the ice water that will flow throic h them.
Thus a great saving of ice may be effected
and efficient cooling secured. This will
enable the dairyman to have a cool tank
for deep aetting at a ninimam expense.
Agricaltu'al News.
South Carolina anticipates better crops
this season than before since 1882.
A fine fruit, crop is promised in Oregon.
Ark.nsas has organized a state agrlcul-
' tural society.
California has the only beet sugar fac-
tory in this country. It is located at Al-
varado. t


#amilgReading+


THREE ETON BOYS,


BY W. E. INORRIS.

CHAPTER I.
I remember it all as clearly as if it had
happened yesterday afternoon. It is one
of those little scenes which, without being
specially significant or suggestive, manage
somehow or other to imprint themselves
upon the memory, and which remain there
while so many -imindreds of others fade
away and vanish, as the years go on.
When I closed my eyes for a moment just
now the whole thing came back to me-
the .dark, musty smelling study, with one
broad sunbeam stretching right across it
from the window;' Bracknell, Jim and I
standing close .together beside the high,
empty fireplace; old Lord Staines, looking
uncommonly smart and spruce (as he
always did in those days), a flower in his
button hole and a smile of serene beati-
tude on his handsome face, and my tutor
blinking through his spectacles and ad-
dressing himself, after his customary
fashion, to no one in particular.
"I shall be sorry to lose these three fel-
lows," says he. "They aren't bad fellows,
you know, taking them all round, and I
fancy they will succeed as well in the
world as they'have succeeded at Eton.
Yes, just about as well. Bracknell-well,
I don't see what more could have been
asked of Bracknell than that he should
get into the eleven and avoid getting into
any serious scrapes. He is good looking,
he is good natured, and from time to time
I have even observed gleams of-er-intel-
ligence in him. Bracknell will do; he will
adorn his station. Well, then, Maynard.
Maynard is clever, if not quite so clever
as he thinks himself. I hardly expect him
to set the Thames on fire, but I hope his
mother will never have reason to be
ashamed of him, and I have written to
her, telling her that I consider him my
show pupil. More than I ought to have
said, perhaps, but there's no fear of her
disbelieving me. As for Leigh" (here my
tutor took a few steps forward and patted
Jim on the. shoulder), "what is to be said
about you, Leigh? In classics you are
but moderate; in mathematics I under-
stand that you are also moderate; you're
not in the eleven; you're not in the eight;
I doubt very much whether you would be
in the boats at all if you hadn't-so many
friends. In short, Leigh, you are mediocre.
But you're the best fellow of the lot, all
the same. And, that being so," added my
tutor, looking up with a queer, kindly
smile at the young giant who towered
nearly a head and shoulders above him,
"I should be inclined to prophesy, Leigh,
that you will always have plenty of
frie-rins rid.l that you will possibly be-er
-.r,; i:.r less imposed upon all' your life
long. I
Lord Staines broke out into laughter at
tlhii r.ilh-r cyuic!l predhcLi,'o. "W e'll
l,..k :,rti.: Lii-," said he; "we'll see that
youii are 't liu[,i,-O -i upon, Leigh."
An.I I lWire say he th.oiuieht himself quite
cnpp:0., i :,t Z.), doia'W, aithugh his own
c'ii':.-'-r DuLhit u.t have ri:*,inueiied him
tr. an s iu_ i t'il p..-,-:,i as being the fittest
man in the world to undertake that task.
He had always taken a good humored and
somewhat patronizing interest in Jim,
whose father and mother were both dead,
whose small property adjoined his more
extensive one in Berkshire, and who-
above all-was his boy's friend. He
thought very well of the lad, and indeed
was kind enough- to say as much there
and then. As for Jim's being "the best
of.the let." that of course was only a
joke. -It is not in the least likely that
L,:.i' St ,in:\. ilIl, bha-e been anery with
anoy o*ne -b, cshicull bitvre erioiily de-
clared Jim to be Bracknell's superior.
Wihu ,:'.- is fortune enough to be the
owner oif a D,-rh.v winner one is not. quite.
s) silly a_ t.:' l,:o,':.ne's temper w-ith aman
f.,r proolin:!ini his own steady useful
ri.'ister to be the more valuable animal
Of thie- tiO,.
Poo,:r old Lord Staines was a fond and
for.lish father, no doubt. I have heard
him s.i i(hscribed with such wearisome
freqiic- ny that I should very much like to
crhtrai1;ict the statement if I could. That
bein rup-..-':i,, I wilU ouly venture to
assert l'htt there were excuses f2,,r him.
Ever.rhing leads me to believe that. if I
lhnd a .,,u as hlalndi.,:me-, as iHil011.lf as
recki:-sly braiive aud jolly, and devii may
care a; c Brn':kueil was in thosoc days, I
sb:.'oil ho ri' i:.t hLni. Theseattribiutes
maty o:r ni,ty n,':t con'tittute a legitimate
(.t.i.: f-.r p.Lrerritl prid'e; but I suppose it
will li.arrll e),,lenied that they usually ex-
(t't it. At Ithe same time, it must be ad-
mitt.:In that Lord Stains was little bit
ouItrai-'er,.us in his crc'ng and huuid[it,
aul .,'ue can't t wouder that some, of. hs
'iernds liugheil at him, while others
foRunnl him rather a bore. Whe-ever
thern- wa a cricket match on he would
cc'Ui',:t as man,'-c:,onies as he could induce
to accompany him, and would drag them
doiwn to EiEton to watch his boy bowling
and shlgging. He himself never wearied
of this deUihtfnl spectacle, and could nrot
understaudiL that it might eventually pall
upou other. He kept. Bracknell supphed
wit ii plienty ,f poct et morney, laughitnggood
humoredly ot the rapidity witi which it
wrs -.pcnt. I dou't suppose that he even
nided nimurh when certain lorigish bills
were sent in to him by the Windsor and
Etrnu tr.'vleimen, some of whom respect-
fuliy intimated that they had not been
pail fr three years. He, too, had always
beeu open handeld, careless and extrava-
gant; probably he thought it only natural
that his si-n and heir should resemble him,
and if by any chance he ever considered
the effect of two generations of extrava-
gance upon a not very magnificent rent
roU, he doubtless said to himself that some
day Bra, knell would marry a woman with
money, anl that then it would beau right.
Such was the course which he had adopted,
anti it La'.l answered admirably. That is
to say that he had not, at the rimeof which
I am speaking, yet reached the last shilling
of his late c-rfo's fortune.
He was, at any rate, evidently free from
misgivia'igs on that last, day of Bracknelt's


tofi life; for he was literally brimming
oyer with contentment and goodwill. He
shook hands with us warmly when the
time came for us to wish him goodby, re-
peating to us.both again and again that
although our friend's path in life would
no longer be the same as our own (for
Bracknell was to join the Fourth Life
guards immediately, while Jim and I were
to proceed in: due course to Oxford), yet
we were on no account to imagine that
our friendship was at an end.
'-We shall all meet at Staines' court be-
fore long. Well, perhaps not next autumn,
because I shall be in Scotland until rather
late in the year; but some time, you know
-some time. And Bracknell will run
down to Oxford and look you up. Or
why not join us in the north, bothaof
you? Are you fond of stalking? Never
tried it? Well, well, everything must
have a beginning. Bracknell is as fine a
shot for his years as I ever saw. Now,
mind, we shall count upon seeing you.
Goodby, my dear fellows, goodbye "
Then he hurried off to Good-.vood, taking
Bracknell with him, and, I should think,
forgot our 'existence with very great
celerity.
I remember that, after we had seen the
last of them, Jim said with a'sigh, "What
a splendid fellow he isI" and was quite
angry with me for pretending to think
that he alluded to old Staines. I never
shared Jim's enthusiastic admiration for
Brackuell; but then I am not of an enthu-
siastic temperament, and have a quick
eye (so, at least, I am assured) for any
blemishes that may disfigure the charac-
acters of my friends. At all events, I
thought I had discovered some blemishes
in Bracknell's character, and that selfish-
ness was one of- them and fickleness
another. My impression certainly was
that he would trouble himself very little
more about us from the moment that cir-
cumnstances ceased to throw us together;.
and I have much pleasure in admitting
that therein I did him an injustice. We
did not, of coure, take advantage of that
somewhat vague invitation to become
Lord Staines' guests in the Highlands;
but a few months later Bracknell re-
deemed his father's promise that he
should look us up at Oxford, and, falling
in with many other old Etonians there,
had such a gay and uproarious time of it
that he was easily persuaded to repeat his
visit at an early date. Indeed, during the
following two years, he used to make peri-
odical descents upon Christchurch,where a
band of choice spirits was ever ready to
welcome him, and where his arrival was
invariably the signal for a bear fight upon
an unusually extensive scale. On the en-
suing day Bracknell would return to Lon-
don, leaving poor Jim to face the college
authorities, who, however, generally let
him off easily. I fancy they knew pretty
well that he was sure, under all ciroum-
stances, to :be made the scapegoat; more-
over, it really was not in human nature-
no, not even in donnish nature-to be hard
upon Jim Leigh.
On attaining the age of 21 he was duly
placed-in possession of his estate, together
with personal property which, I believe,
made his. income up to something over
5,000 a ycnr; so that he was, in all senses
of the word, independent. At his request,
however, his uncle and aunt, who had
residel at Eimhmurst throughout his long.
minority, consented to remain thereuntil
he should marry, an event which I had
reason to think might not be very remote.
But this was a profound secret. Jim had
let me into it because from our earliest
boyhood he had had no secrets from me;
but to not another soul had he spoken of
his hopes-least of all to the lady who
was the object of them.
I should be very glad to be able to write
of Hilda Turner with perfect impartiality,
for were that in my power I should prob-.
ably convey a far better idea of h-r to the
reader, who, if he had met her in the
flesh, would doubtless have ieen fn aci-
rated i-cth her, as most people were, and
might even, have faien in love v. ith her,
as a great many did. .But, the simple
truthJs that I never could endure the
girl, and eo my evidence must betaken
for whatever that of a prejudiced witness
maybe worth. I have, at any rate, no
hesitation in allowing that she was ex-
tremely pretty, although her beauty was
not of a regulareorder, and that her man-
ners were charming, although they did
not happen to charm me... She was one of
thoce very fair people whose complexions
are ,:of the clearest white, the bloom upon
whose cheeks Is one of the most delicate
and exquisite pink, and who seldom be-
come wrinkled before they reach extreme
old are. But I don't insist upon that
poitit. Hil,.la had golden hair and blue
eyes, an-.I if everybody had teeth like hers
the dentists -wotuld be driven to find an-
other orcupaticn. To be sure, when you
began to criticise there were plenty of
fauJts t, ,be found with her face. Her
nose, fior instance, was too short, her jaw
was too square, and her lips were a trifle
too thin. I remember once pointing out
these defects to my mother, who shook
her head. and said that if I expected per-
fecttion shIould have some difficulty in
finding a wife. Certain it is that I am
unmarried still though not, I think, on
account of the cause assigned), But lam
very sure that my mother would have
chosen that I should remain a bachelor to
my dy-ing day rather than that I should
fall in love with Hilda Turner.
I suppose that never since theworld be-
gan did there live quite so poor a Judge of
charaiteP a.s my dear mother. Partly
from having seen very little of the bad
side of human nature-for she had been a
confirmed invalid, unable to put a foot to
the ground, almost from the time of my
birth-partly from her unquestioning
faith in the wisdom and mercy of an over-
ruling Providence, which causes her to
take an optimistic view of everything, her:
own constant sufferings included; partly,
too, from the natural sweetness of her
disposition, which renders her, I do be-
lieve, incapable of conceiving that anyone
can be intentionally wicked, she habitual-
ly regards others as she wishes them to
lie, and by no means as they actually are.
Yet I recoUl'i.ct that upon one occaslcn she
gave me to understand, with a good deal
cf circumlocution and hesitation, that she
feared H-dda Turner was not an entirely
straightf.,riward girl. What her grounds
were for formulating this tremendously
severe charge I could not induce her to


dividige; but-I suspect that shehad caught
the yuino; i-lyy in an unequivocal fib. UI,
could bhave tol her that that was no un-
common occurrence, but I never did tell
her such things when I conul help it, be--
cause the only effect of my doing so was
to give her unnecessary pain.. -
If she had some misr-ing about Hilda,
she hadnone at all about Hdda's father,
the rector of the parish, of whom she al-
ways spoke as "good Mr. Turner." Good
Mr. Turner was-not to mince matters-
an ass. There was no harm in him. He
pottered about the parish, did a little
work, preached us a sermon once a week,
which had at least the merit of brevity,
and was benevolent in a pa-sive Fort if
way. Hilda ruled him-I won't -.v rith
a rod of iron, for. no such furiidabie
weapIi- 1:-:.i.l po:s.ibly have been required
for ,-,z rutl' a crettre; but at any rate
she rail irn abs.soliutely.
Our neighborhood not. being a very
thi-KIy inhalhitril one, the few families
who lived wittun a mile or two of teach
other were, 'naturally intimate. Hldda
arnd Jim anl I had gr.,,-rn up from child-
hoo:d together as. companions,-and when
the HI- leyn- were, at Staines Court we also
saw a good deal of Bracknell and his sis-
ter However, .'after., Lady_ Staines'
death the great house was generally
empty. Lord Staines was. always in Lon-
don or in Scotland, or at Newmarket, or
at some other of the resorts where he
spent his money so freely, and it was only
at rare intervals that quiet little lady Mil-
dred would come down for a weEk or so,
attendedby her governess a nd ,:,: :, upa-
nied by one of the aunts who lookoi rifter
her. She was a demure little, mouse of a
thing, with bright brown eyes, 17hi, h saw
a good deal more than -was ccommooly
supposed, and as kind a heart as ever
beat; but as she was rather shy, and had
a way of keeping her opinions to herself,
nobody noticedL her much. She andHilda
were by. way of being friends, although it
is scarcely poisTible that there can have
been any real sympathy between- them,
-and when Hilda was in her nineteenth
year, Mildred's aunt, Lady Petworth,
very good naturedly invited the rector's
daughter to spend a season with her in
London, and presented her at court.
"I-rejoice," Mr. Turner used to say, in
his placid, deliberate way, "that dear
Hilda has kept up her friendship with
Lady Mildred. I have encouraged it (I
dare say he really-thought his encourage-
ment might be a factor in the question)
both because refined companionship can-
not but be beneficial to the young, and be-
cause I feel that it is desirable that she
should see something of-well, of the best
society of the day." -
* Doubtless Hilda also felt the latter re-
sult of her intercourse with Lady Mildred
to be highly desirable. As for the refined
companionship, I dare say she might have
rn.,de sLuft. to do-without that at a pinch.
I can't tell whether it was afrer Miis
Turner's introduction to the "best society
of the day" that Jim first discovere-l bow
desperately he was In love with her; but
it was ,,ibout that rtime that-to my sor-
row, though not to my surprise--he made
me acquainted with the state of his t-c c-
ings. It was not, however, until more
than a year later, when we had both bid-
den farewell ,to Oxford, that matters ap-
proached a crisis. Up to then Jim's at-
teutin; had been of a most modest and
tentative order. He had a poor opinion cif
his personal charms, ;nd preferred the
agony of suspense to the risk of rejection.
I am afraid I must plead guilty to ha ing
encouraged his diffidence. To confess the
-truth, I thought it was upon the cards
that so captivating a young lady as Miss
Turner might chance upon somebody in
London whose claims to her regard might
be greater than poor Jim's. But such did
not prove to bethe cane. Five thousand a
year is not & colossal income, yet, if you
ill take the trouble to: run over the lit of
your quaiitances, you will ddri l that the
bachLelors whio possi.s as much are in a
sm ll minority; and it seems possible that
Hilla may have made that calculation.
Ai,1 so, one fine hot month of July,
when Cranrfield rectory, embosomed
among ri-ts spreading trees, looked the very
spot. for enacting a pastoral idyl; when
the great level lawns at Staines Court were
gay with flowers, which there was nobody
but the gardeners to admire, and when our
own humble domain was, as my mother,
who took immense pride In it, declared,
"quite a show," it came to passthattwo
young people were constantly to be seen
riding or walking together among the
lanes andwoods, of whom it might be said
that they formed a very handsome couple.
Not that our big-boned, broad-shouldered
Jim, with his hooked uose, his quiet gray
eyes and that large mouth of his, which,
upon the smallest provocation, would
widen itself into a smile extending from
ear to ear, was strictly speaking a hand-
some man, but perhaps he was near
enough being so to justify the above good-
natured description, which was uttered
by many persons, the Rev. Simeon Tur-
ner included. The Rev. Simeon was not
ambitious. A son-in-law with 5,000 a
year, a high moral character, and .a
malleable disposition was good enough
for him : .. : I .-
I was then about to be called to, the
bar, and was busy reading law, a study
which I thought at the time, and think
still, to be among the most repulsive
that a moderately Intelligent human
being can bring his mind to bear upon.
One afternoon, while I was sitting with
somebody's "Common Law Procedure,"
and I forget whose "Precedents of Plead-
ings" open before me, Jim lounged Into
my den, and, seating himself sideways
upon the table, remarked that he was
the happiest fellow In Christendom, or
something to that effect. ---
When you know that your friend is
absolutely bent upon making a fool of
himself, the very stupidest thing in the
world is to tell him so. I endeavored
to look delighted, and said, "Has she
accepted you, then?"
"Well, no," he answered; "she hasn't
exactly accepted me, for the reason that
I haven't asked her; but I think it will
be all right. Harry, old chap, I don't
know what I have done to deserve such
Inckl"
Nor did I. I am quite sure that he
had never done anything to deserve .It
bat the thing had come upon him, nev-'
ertheless: and. after all. Oine sees many


S


FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, JULY 27, 1887.


[CO BE CONTi'UKED ]


S Agricultural News.
A new seedling of the Florida honey
peach has been originmated, which is a
week earher than the honey.
Twenty thousand acres of new land has
been devoted to agriculture in Australia
this year.
Professor Saunders has sent an outfit
of 150 hLis of Russian wheat to Mani-
tor, anri tlhe northwest. Useful results
are anticipated. '
Cotton 'worms have appeared in great
numbers in parts of South Carolina.
The Texas round up this year is re-
ported as having been successful.
A convention of the agricuctur,'I chem-
islt ct i he country -ull be held at Wash-
inrgton, D. C., August 16.
The government of Victoria, Australia,
is spen.iing at the rate of $l100,00) a year
to keep in check the increase of rabbits on
crown lands.
The cattle raisers of the west and south
exmr.lamn that the grazing land, are being
rapidly absorbed for farminE purposes,
:and that st.,ck raising on a laree .cale
rouit ,a-on crime to ann end, f-:.' -c.ant of
cheap feel and other indispensable con-
veniences. .
The national government iz to buy 224
acres of ground in th- vi.c:rdty of, Wanh-
ieit,,um for an experimental farm for the
a-r iMuLjt ulra I department. .
Accordiug to the ln test stt ristic ians the
numol:,-r i.f persons in the Utite:il States
that are engaged in ai-ricuiture is 7,670,-
493. '
It is estimated that Dakota will produce
about 80,000,000 bushels of wheat-this
year. : -
Some Queer Negro Superstitions.
It goes without saying that we are sn-
perstitioas. We plant our potatoes by
the dark of the mc-on, and we know many
charms for sickness- better than medicine.
The negroes are like their race every-
where. In Louisiana you are hoodooed,
in Arksrias you. are conjured. And do
yc-u kiniow wi'.tt a good conjurer can do to
you? (Of ci:turse he can blibght your tcropa,
Liii your cattie, make a mess cf your love
.itft ir:-; 1ut he can do more; he can throw
Lz:,r.-i u t" a youl Now- if there is aEiny-
thiu_ more f3isagrecohle than lizards for
inrif'n-ril onipanions, I don't knoiv.' it; they
ar U'vore than a guilty conscience, and ir
is n,:t surprs;uLg that they usually kill
"conjureil" person o in three months.
Hernry say': "Heap er follkes conjured on
the yon ;diie the creek. Old man -,
he doesit. He does it outeun meanness.
He loiugs to der church, an' de past-or he
reasoned wiT 'im 'bout it; but he 'lowed
he -got 'surrance er salvation anyhow,
and he wvouldn't listen ter 'm!"-Arkan-
-': s Letter.'
A Good Word for Geese.
.The goose, as the holidays draw near,
becomes a baud of importance, assuming
at the Christmas feast much the same
position the turkey claims at Thanksgiv-
ing dinners.
Just why more farmers do not raise
geese does not appear; they are hardier
than turkeys and much easier to rear,
and when fat always bring a good price In
the market.
For commercial purposes it is advised
to select either the Toulouse or Embden
varieties. The former is commonly known
as.the gray goose because Its plumage is
of that color, and the Embden is called
the white goose, its plumage being white
throughout. As to quality of flesh these
varieties are about equal. Hence a choice
between the two is greatly a matter of
individual taste. To make goose keeping
a paying business, no matter what variety
is kept, it is necessary to have a good
pond with a plentiful supply of water.
They ought also to have a house all to
themselves, regularly supplied with
straw.


A Good Word For the Goat.
,The healthfulness of goat's milk is a
well known fact, and in many parts of
Europe these animals are kept with de-
cided profit. Professor Long, of England,
advises people who cannot afford' the'lax-
of a cow to keep a goat, because itcan be
kept cheaper than any other animal and
will yield a profitable return in milk. He
thinks their expense of maintaining one
would not exceed $5 a year, while it
will eat almost any kind of food and yield
from one and one-half to two quarts
of milk a day, worth at least eight cents
a ouart.


I have used during two years past,
says a correspondent in Husbandman,
water impregnated with gas tar for the
purpose of destroying the Colorado. beetle
on my potato vines. It has proved more
effective than Paris green, and has been
used with equal effect upon my .currant
bushes. Two quarts of gas-tar.to'a pail-
ful of water are the proportions used, and -
the vines or bushes are sprinkled: by :
means of a watering pot.
The Babies Were All Eight.
"Ten pounds of anise seed," he said to
the drug clerk."
"Graciousl" exclaimed the embryo
apothecary, "colio at the Foundling asy-
lum?"
- "No; fox hunting on Long Island, sir."
-New York Mail and Express.
A ton of mica a month Is mined in'North
Carolina. It Is ll used by the stove man-
ufacturer-s in the north.', '.'*,.: -.
: -'.. '- : .' .-
: -. '- "' ".


239

prisoners' who" hug thWi chains contfen,
edly. "And why-,' I inquired, "haven't
you proposed to her?"
: Jim laughed. "I'm. such a dufferl"
he replied. "It takes me a long time,
to get under way, and when I am com-
ing to the point she always manages
sornehori or other to put me off. Well,
it doesn't much matter; there's no hurry,
you know
"None- whatever," l-agreed,.-thinking
tc: my s.-if that, so long as-the fatal Words
remained unspoken, there, was :-always
just. the .ghost .of a hope left for:- h.im.
And then he threw himself into-my
arm. chi-ir, lighted a cizar and began to
rh.,pih-,h:- after a fashion which it would
be as tedia-us to write about as to read.


;b. '- ,
!*--:h ....
-.L -, .


A"


:7








240 FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, JULY 27, 1887.
Stat N, ri much larger returns from summer than rushes,"whiclh our grarndmotlieis and tlh-m dirV, that is, all lbut little streams Opinions of the Press.
-New s tateewsae coming in in from fall and winter sales. great aunts represented in watar cukiso, that run in from pools which have not [From the Southern Culivator.]
t C [From theoSoutd Cultivator.] .
-- N ew sw eet potatoes are com ing in I ti t -i-s- a .... sigh t to se ran ge gr'oves In theirt boar dilng sch ool day, the m us n ter sie s ot ledn w s n s t e e i f Rh.I R? T h R L '~ ~ ~ ""'-
Alachuan county c r i los at this season of t year. in all cases have had the gumbo-limbo In the sides of the new sinks there is --The Success of tle FLORIDA FAR- O
Acha .in blossom at res season or tne yr t. strt eices
-Calhoun county crops are reported The present prolific crop of blooms at tree in mind. The clearly defined, al- shown about 2 feet of black muck, then "MER AND FRuIT..RO.ER of Jak
to be suffering from drouths. thi season is a source of surprise to even most bottle shaped and branch ess abou stratum feet of 6 inches of white sand, then ie urpases i it f any similar
-Bartow's registration list shows an the oldest inhabitants It is surely a trunks executed in burnt umbther theops are bout 2 feet of olknd ofmuck, then 6 inches publication n America. The publish rs
increase of 130 votes over 1886. noel Sight to most of us to see the meagre handfu.of foliage at the tops, are of saud, then a kind of cl aeet to h- over-libeial in giv.ig the
-incTe o tes p e Ofr ongoe i a ful b a unquestionably those of the gumbo- thick. The clay is of a purple color and meanical Part every attraction possi- t
-Th ba tres laned t Ofor ongroes-n~a ful boomas e hve eenbest wor fhie Eitrf Iutte is adoing:.iria
Ar-The boray trees planted at Oxford on groves d heretofall re of seeing them limbo, or, if not, of some other equally resembles the clay pottery that the In. wile Elt Cuttiss IS oling tie
mareem t city of inblo pom.r tn a c o "l ."
-Aror laarge millowith aloom. capaciy on ruy aend March. As thed pros- outlandish tree, the like of which they d. ans ma a t herno asnandhine it tinu thatre cannot raleof abundant suci.
20,000 feetof lumber isnow runing at pects heretofore for a ood croofor- had neverathattimeseeand ug, n vey u y. TlCitivator s eer crrv to see su h
Arcadia.- anges have been very poor, we all look perhaps, now and then an oak or elm low clay of about 5 feet, then- lite lioc "
trcadia.ese July.eblooms as a bless tree was aimed at, it invariably came out, in, big solid pieces very brittle and --ft "entrprise rewarded, as we have uo
a T organaion b ofg amilits r school innthes ob g i o mre a gumbolimbo with a "slick" coat ofrock on the rivals to be jeaus of, ut wish all su-
-ateorganizadtis n o am intary school npn o of the old Link that looks as if it h-1i ces5..
made happy., we see noresnowbntue.
ciaty Orl. why we can not expect as large a crop We have called on our old friends, Mr. been carried there. There is a chain ct [From the Gardeners Monthly]n
c-The or chicken flea is ay. this year as during any preceding season and Mrs. Collier, whom I had not een sinks, some new and some' old.: -Ve are continually receig new
ing havoc among the poultry of Sumter The bloomsare large andyhealthy looking, beilre for over two years, and spent the r, NOTES BY PROFESSOR CLARI. agricultural ventures, but useful as they
county. er b a an e y ;rest of the day in collecting and fight wentseven as ag Lake Jacson are n their own special eds, we rarey
A fruit canning. and fig drying fac- dropped the littleaoranges are stih king it hgotdm o pitoe a in the scrub. aW e fou nd ran out wt h. a roarig, ru h n son arn In the m an special f inte rarel t
d r p e th e itt e' ra,. F .r e tion go u n fi ndT~ s in^ th e m a n y th ing'S S o f^^n ^ *' s p e c ia l in te re s
story is tbe built at Fort Ogden, DeSoto and growing nicely. Tbe second crop the old people hale and hea hlrty. ,and t the at coul weu harin us. e hol tn the intelligent lass of hort culturists
CoSbo" "c' '* "i tol d h e o n p e a nl t ha ti o n b e ar d f o ramlle selye h o l ee K .
.. t-y. will doubtless be late in ripening, but Saie where it escaped ison the northwest uide for which the G.rdenrs' .o. hy .has to,
-Tecotton gin in .Gainesville is then we may expect better prices for inoind' among the alligator pear and of my planttation, and is an immense cater. W~e were, therefore, agr-eeably
---being put in readiness op them..Se nel. s sink-hole of unknown depth. I tried to surprised on reading among the otch A
of cotton. 'ad o e n co mfortable as 'ever. The house was fathom it once, but failed. Some say it of exchanges on our table, Ngr. 2 of this
and Fiohon. a ee ncorporatd wt A PE I built with this end in view-, ein g qiLare, s connect eu dt ofid to a very high order Ot ointe m-n -. 00l h n, gs
b ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ n on concewh utrana asg
--Melrose's corn crop is the heaviest ON THE SOUTHERN COAST. With a broad, open passage-way extend- with the Ocklockony river. A line of gence, a o ic h -must have an x-
for years. Figs are rather short, owing .,- bin g through the middle from each way, pitch pine logs, marking the coue of a celfnt effect in fosttering Florida's irtr-


to b d rw atn gesher. isb i g drus d W a efol w dt el w e o a es ore l ssithan a peck nt e th us lease o i gfm o ur px- "tpe lo gs, ma rkly b fa ten ed o urs thi n at 1 Fro 1h Ti e e o r- 1 e'^ p.., ,
ato bad weather.Diary of a Son ummer Cruise in rosn n inte cntre, thus lng r fenc, placed bere a27 years ago, is now ests. rf tee I R
-Themoss factory at Sanford is corn ns.one iii ec hacorner, ndach uncovered. Wood fhat has been sib-, [lFromtbeTexasFarmner.A
pleted and the machinery is expected in Floridaae Wtr roo bpe. fet, vilae. fo ..... merged years havedriedandbirned "Florida snotbehind hersitet" South- A so e y P
4a. few v d ays. way serves a I s l a sitt g oom, andt amos t in -my engine ButnI do notrecom- e States in material pr ogress. It DT BSP, nersq E:.xnr q ; r ysi
--The Apalachicola Oyster Canning BY P. w. bESONER. comfWormtab uoe, com vesmendlit.r ought toi be called the land of fruits and purty Sorer and wo- nes. More-
and Fish Co. has been incorporated with d of waving cocoanut palms, with quiet Grass followed the r-eced in lake, ( ro to e onrloed Ban he ordlbae c ere kinds. f uand
fad Fir o .b n s ha e e av "n o .. CHAPTER II. bays RI stretches tf green m angro aves r ha s followed the e ng a nd flowers, for each of these grand diviis- canno t ld in om
A capital of $25,000. CeTine R t be ba ys and al str e of grens grove s springing upspontaneoutly for the past ions of horticulture are equally at home muiru, 1, o ,.o shor weight atom or



.adenawital go ee ru5,0 -u ar bl om n "t ne to man poor ,man's hopes, meWD~ mot c ncui el h t h.,st 10t h sed e sn -olsw ic h p o pl n s ulofitaetn a d R ,N -, ..:n St.. ^^ .,.,
-A large excursion steamer has been PUNTA RASSA o O CAPE SABLE- On ev treated to delicious sapOdilJackson is now an i hole. Thie FLORIDA FARtIER AND FRUIT pRs, boeb. L ,',wder.. .1..d &p in n,
bought in New Orleans by Pensacola NAPort sAnD MARCO VISITED. las andbananas, and (prepare yourself, mmense'asture and depoivit se tuck, tFRaER isan Cl 2 tucted and ele- Ne -x Y. nk. b q i. N W
lasdan andke bannas '"ciackle-ware" gantly printtEd paper dev~oted to these
parties and will be run on the bay at Juorne 16th.--UTnder ivay before day- Mr. Anti-grape-culturist-in-Florida) to pottery. It looks like a "lake of green," gvery pit eree theas
that point. light, with a light breeze from the east. all we could eat (which means not much poultes st lin ex ten aTen of s en c topics to which wen refer thae readerT' fli 'V-r.1 ,pY,,: ,'-
We khave fojet o ws t e a l o, desolaming s r ele ss t an a pc m tin boundless in extent. Ten thousand cat- fbrfurther iufor atiou. Lernr- .-- .:,A .
-A drainage scheme is being discussed We have followed the low, desolateshore less than a pek in this .case)' of most ex- tie could easily be fattened on this natu- [From the Times-Democrati -- pr 1a ,rr.i.
at Stark, whereby three.lakes west of within a stone's throw all the forenoon. quisitely flavored Rogers No. 1 (Goethe) rt to Ctss teF A ar .-Pl'.l :t.1.
) ral pasturage, as we have already fat- that %Editkr fueld of AhD -EB.pbl *.,-d BA-- P er l'--15.':.'t':'.
the town will be lowered four feet and In places iis beautiful, with low lines grapes, The vine from which these were Eotened hundreds.U rO R, e the AN-P





4,0 oltre rforcae o yhngsd"idge boeautiful witht feet aboves grapes. down on FA hl UI on oet no ofc n dtdb RMER. A.H -(i'.,:'nn,,,N- ioc~c..Mniprnn
10,000 acres of land reclaimed. and masses of palmetto trees, with a taken is but three years old, is growing A hundred thousand bushels 6f corn FRUT-GoWR, evidently struck the Cu '.. "
-The. forty-acre tract ownedby the background of pines or black mangrove; in a little depression between the shell could be raised on the margin of the lake popular fancy when he established that -Foreign and Domes rie Fruit%.
Standard-Oil Company, in the western in others, the very weirdness and mo- mounds, with no special care whatever, if we only had the proper appliances and journal. Its success is phenomenal, and pu,-ncr-FIr,. 1h, t1.. .
part of Orlando, has been plowed pre- not6ny, of the scragn y vegetation is ap- covers a trellis about ten by fifteen feet, w months old, has al-' PLeon-P E t b e-- I : s,.F-',.,, per do ,oz:_rn.
working force. With myi "Peason's" althouh oy te Wt o rLE M., -alt:- s i'. 11 0.1 pE. r 'bVX
paratory to setting out in orange trees. palling. In such. a place stand s that and eis loaded with bushels of heavy, traction engine and a gang of eight plows ready taken the lead in all -ematters per-e a i y .
-The lemon crop near Daytona bids most gigantic of humbugs "Naples." We well-formed bunches, some of them six behind it I zould break up and broadcast taking to Southern horticulture." As--Pers-x--, Fri_ 7.
-Thet acres cro nearr~.ri Dayton bidsi in~ Do rT
seven heavy pase it," with itsiSSP"' hudrd of'i orop sin X i.
fair to be unusually heavy and of fine have just passed it, with its hundreds of oren inches in length, evenly ripened, twenty acres of this rich bottom land (From the Florida Baptist Witness.).:,: Bpyia: 12;',,-u"t'e"
enacity, sciay ofhtr arno oy white stakes marking the "avenues" with no rot normildew, inspite of l per day. But fear that theengine and The FAaMR AND FRUI-GOwER t1A- L_' -in,, is. ],.-,nt.i 'ra-
qala ityh any otnhreuts are ntong land lots; destined, no doubt, to be grave- and almost daily rains. This proves to its driver might suddenly disapp ear in comes to our table regularly and r, n icc-







pliden w hith green cte frruit, but are bloominga, al buiedin mightd suddenly disappearco rs ine f ct s, e b roomds lotof cop er ndaebraleakrep gularly a diand or .^r L -d^ ^
adn w th r stones to many a poor man's hopes. me most conclusively that where sais- one of those deep sink-holes which the promptly, and is full of interesting and pR. p, po.rn .ox.
Again. R r uA conversation I had with Dr. Ken- factory soil is given, the climate of Flor- lake has left behind. t instructive matters. It certainly excels ,ybr -.-, .--.r
-One of the largest corn fields in s worthy in Orlando, last spring, most ida is to blame for no failure in grape Onae Of my renters, a powerful fellow, any paper we have seen, for Florida -Ereary 20c; txtra Dairy excl io ;








Fl iaisc be fpoduced in ywV ere. H cu thi. k Biht og e atr ad a ,l wr C x aeb e m kdadb Ow n e ofg my renter sd a pw erfl felow ver y n pwad rxwellaet see na for Florida ril6.ni o ~ ;^ s ^ 5p
tio w en grft d n.pe r Itck forcibly turtlet m i d. Ins peakrther fback tureat ." Exse c sh r iht e v r iep f r s m t m ,f rI ut r -f r t u c ss e w l o e hsn w a- ^q 5,icrenmer 0c; Extr a Dai ry
Florida is found in Volusia county. It forcibly comes to mind. In speaking of culture has grubbed up, cleared, plowed and especially Send to Jacksonville for it."Dai T.... he.: -
consists of 800 acres and is what is the limitless "cheek" possess by the It is a wonder to me that the Naples planted about five or ten acres of the Address as above, and read it awhile and Car.-_-Hc'-m 17:]c i p'?:' prond.. :f
knowSrn as the old Stare playinteation at rs of Naples, in claiming an ele- men do not claim this fertile spot also mr lke bottom as an experiment rb convinced.. Ad-- "-. "i'- '-. i o "
Sprg Gaden It wll yield from 30 to nation of more than fifty feet above high within the corporation, even Hi corn, of whh he s ustly proud, (From the Gaqnesville orng ecod. Retail.
50 bushels per acre. tide, he stated that he had taken the eole- twenty omiltes away. But Mr. Collier is a sightt to behold. Some of. the ,e a n reit ojf the FLORIDA te Ga'-,n-v tol, are ,Rar-otd re--
--The general health of Tallahassee is nation of that particular tract of coast does not "hanker" to be within the stalks are like young trees, The field FA.MER AND FRUiT-GROWER, published. ..d. .r "u m.-. ,' enr-,udlr, tre--
very good. Out of our population of years ago, and in no place was the out- city hmits, and fact, is consid- has a rich dark green color, and resem- bD C Jones & BroP, at rthe Times- a. d -ards poae
40%ogn]y hre orourcas o anthig sde'ridge" more than eight feet above arably dow tn.he, whole has- bea young fok'reest colorffce and rdisem- by .rf H. Jone & Bro.,,'',':n at:,e:a the .Times.-~rh ....
4,000 only three or four cases of anything side dowidgn more t eightafeetrabove er down on w h bus- beas a young forest. yus s.'ka-r.
e seriousillness has occurred here this ordinary high tide, nor the general level ness. A remark of "his ths h c isThe Union office, and edited by Prof. A. H. -on.Iis d IrEa T C -n AETS. .r. n.-
si mer ene roots rto lan an the al of i t re sao or oif l rok n i ew s vitler ue Curtiss. It is rfirst-classin every respect, dr-i. and i-"i" k r- bab-. -
SM and deaths.-Tallahassean of the laud back of it more tha eg that there wasn't aspot of lan Tonce broken, the weeds give ttle trouble a aer which every farmer and .rk ,rle r et.
-An orange i tree on the premises of feet. That this is the truth, any one on their whole tract over ten feet in ale- and the yield is enormous. We have nd i. o aer should ha ve. Its articlesr, i., .-u.-. .ro-at ts pera- .e .:.
Professor B. Gould at a has rie who will take the trouble to go and see nation, confirms our previous statement season the largest and finest corn ar u o d n ood, common sense aItis and rtt o. i 7 -
rt subjec of this season the larg t aa "n t^-,=ul at 9,,- ,--[16 t,| .... .- .^ I.
ofr u t o b e r a y e a r t hIe o atswill fin d o u t, o r a n y l oa t o n fa m ilia v y ,o a t e e ff e c t "1' f u ll oh e pg dn p s
ui. on it from lastlyear's crop and wll find out, or any old sailor familiar to that effect, While on the subec.field, 2 miles long, in Leon county, but 'e h R give our readersthe benefit u rn&
young orange s of this sao n growth I the West Coast o l o will te a Naples again, Mr. "Billy" Collier made n x seso we ough to have' th apg- a y o gits a rti es. uess t oth e be- Io i A "1 5 tntn d












an mtueblomupnis aysm ",.wudcranyhv enfl ^ lrtho lermlnext^ season we ough to hav the larg-e^la3 uf^ SAANA rOO MandreT
Not content with ia it is blooming t ify. The scragged pines and low spruce the remark to -day that "Naples soil was et field of cor emn in Florida, if not in the entps" at rt.. _Sue d'he ,ltc-rt awTe ol'Fio dabd olS.5
South. ell, I ust sto. Am i a '1, ail dsr d',m'noi. Daval coainty
















of F l orid a. etit os n ot ear s uto asth u an a c e se-c o ketohe f n P v l i n K y e c o u o m os-u t "ai "ngi uirein its noigh woanwttar on ar t in& ev ry m .c nea .; .l. ... *.8, l ^.1--,. .. pr-^,^.5
S again thickets, present anything but the as- so poor that it would have to be manured Sout.h. Well Ir mst sp A i n. ,
rTheidehaso beng sggewte too t pctof tropical vegetation represented. to make bricktsof." hur c tw o lecue w I [From the So. LiveStock Journal.r at avbok-alC 0at 4S .rEt

oear f Oand o thastot can oine abe ofqthe actual settlement we saw on Junesoth a .-With her bottom scraped am p ublishing in Philadelphia, on Japan "We regret that the firstsnuber [of tis(tt on,,n-oi eats vs c, ;sa=nat
t redely an rom the beach, threeents, one palmetto shed cleaned and newly copper-painted (work and India, illustrated with 125 views the FARMER AN FRUIT-GRoWE ] failed 52 nt, rd .d pe d 15 cents.













a a bon t h -e v a s f o l o e s i at o t h u Q ^ e b r t e n i e w s ^ e t l a d b o rd.i n L a .. . \ S._r^ ? 1 7 5 w ^ ,~ ... O D -a l o: -".s "S13 5o0~le a t S 2, p e r G i o rdurnhir -
tnaat spoece w l awye s in thi e- without sides, one small house bwith cany- done at Collier's), athe "Per lnit" bowls H a ver fioid tham sane te oaa vatry eS. bre.t a .... ots Wal
fap rti on any manu facturing enter vas roof, a pile of eight or ten thousand a easily this morning, with a head wl l be read ly forihe your "andshn o mr e sh e s to paper tp g 3a 1 7 w YEA Ip r barr l aNd -,ta l egar I' cnts pero

opris e w h ic h m a y lo c a t e t h e reo a n d t h a t i aron g O e os te e a o ne d b r t ho yvr f t rea h a dor s h e etess ,a e a p y 7 p m ar k I srr u fe tar.nde -vnn ooaoiu a t t o r p e r
e cnty uie e atshingles, a small boat half buried in thes wer e wind, however and as a matter of course. Th fa ierrowd alfs, ofr sand, while the o'ddi- -oago ge uo. C aor n olaea t.scen .le
thfcto sru lcha exemto dbe aydinertised win swpTehtepe n srcemacoe er s tlat~o ies faci ht las, wborweek aho fpe r "d and generals m andok fFe qudareti a for 10ens. "
T he orlshifting sand of the beach, a stable with We have passed through the islands, out plates awhile ago from the arAmerican T=t ad d artment is all we expected -oof Live pwtlti a .a olesale 5
canvas roof, in which stood two discon- at Caximbas, and have got under way at Tract Society, and I dnoko thdiing wished editor. Many"of our tatzi t cor,"-soed



-Mr Oti Richue S n Sbuddsead the IThl' sAosar --otin ntfiI g h sif w pear, uci te oRENndRK" =c li -- +' -'nkKT "Gen"t".
Sl r i sate cont p at the s slate horses with their legs braced apart one o'clock this morning; are now pass- whether my agents returned them or no readers are interested directly and sc Nrn eats li Chicago
traca a aen to hold them up, and a smoke to keep off ing Pavilion Key. The clouds of mos- I have written to inquire. Ido not want odarily in everything connected with e ltprpound; Forida beef t .
year, and now has a lob of as fine apples mosquitoes; not a human being was in quitoes that came with the boat out of todn bor th tea p ul oe oridad rdially commend this ppn ;3vl 3 eocnts; Pont i12;4 c-nts;
ascangbe ped an He thin a r s lower mah been smke an b plates are returned. I will know very now and excellent periodical as worthy- 12 crned Eel W cents. 1


apple wll heaes in t~.s- down the beach, a mane a nd ths ow ree boysa off, and we ar e now "drawing a long ua .t vnt to. wefse art r.1e.ose a











^K d~~~riS~~~pa~~~welk~ thiso newhe^ ^P C as ]redche and' raat New lbork1 cents ice exeiec adt^ .,.,.l. -
th soon, however. Good Japanese tea of their patronage. With best.wishes atWih aeotrewerofn haoatla o lt r. ..perrbun-
tion wesuan gv dfrenpe stocks. hutinr g., ao turtle eggs; farther back breath." Existence ashore with the ev der- "keeps" for some time, for I j ust e- for its success, pwe welcome ne as cd and r 'aher aoates centsie walet. .



tLevy County Times. n te pnesw-re two large pal- present mosquitoes and sandflies(still l e a e o Dr. i r i pirant for public favor apnd patronage, Gr Flenornd.e ast,0 csetn p4e W
-westhern f u a reti onet Th ai u d in"..ng. t a i ei of r. 9 .p n ,r e c a lrlo, D Ge, 7, ... w nl Co 0." xk"a o EL e'"nt -.;.
'-The citizens .of Levy, county and metto sheds-thata is a-a except the wor e) is a torment. A smallE schooner onth f "Mikado's Empire," feeling assured of the good work it e will ozen, and ret._ 8,, cents.e -

o a a uan g tree dtie eg p T y interested .windsep bac t an spu i ac r nsuaatdeas.to.mle saying that.tln o e l t a ec ur wi last week he "drank accomplish in and out of Florida." rCmuo urt4 whp OeAloe at s cents per dozen,

















lo .La e.eu. hhlre s bud-~ w a t ta hen Ofr uo fa low l ac ,m c y ^ r m M .H n y h .a antP eye-r .e .,O .Dy- "-x e'e.i-o CPhol'ulal pini n mE', ~ tweoan all 'a es ar arm an9 ~-* -
the sen oulah Foia and Goga b ir- a e ocas cb bge palme the off por an Jus is anho ce hv t nean th m yes heh wh som h
i t e S o t hF o i sa in d r e ta il a t lo, or I c e n ts .





w and -r I uo ni he ats f an _ee cir to r c ed o e f t oe vn e t o "en t m ,e lr w eiza t er Okra whole.ale. T, &54#4 0 .. l6E cPe eck.';
Line rail road. route be is at stunted wire gr ass growing on lad "too small boat, pull-ed H ela few rods away from wh rh tis ao I a.tsNw ntteort o q rts




uian, Ga., n takes an air linte pthoor to sprout cow peas, and the white theschooner, and delibera tely stepped. Hampshire ten years ago. P. w. Oa at eri
from Madison, vi ea Branford, Tt on, boundarystakes. ot even a quarantine ovei board in wat t er wais t demdep, and ared rc e "us aoiorn reai SoI, --,Po^,-n
intermediate bloomints to plant City, and the w-ulf of Mexico, where a breakwater deceptivenests of the West Coast ofl, tFlorE.. WAR eN CL _an'sl L._ .r. _an tAF TcBnts XeAcOn -ET_._.
roso ruted aSt p rin s o booin aise art g h e sononh ar thi oaut fiin gt he skri wi t cla s.su c lathe Sot us an incerel yo u Iood 57,O.8 8er bfARTt ofr F TOtACC th there-j 7ET,.. r ,c.,,n c
-fFoidatut is. not uu -ulth) e TeheL tfholel-owhisuio bngwn sta i ts fihtn rh esw r 1; tabl co. m rec! 7 . ords do~,,; e u e, ,. . ,a r a ys m arnt lsd an l ead e olan uoa
nre wl gri wia l reqre, ro ba r, and k al mo s n to pt elic t s ipt oof a ci cn ( atset Conti nue o tr e k.ow.i. oostoN&oPep barril JA0 'Lo,,nsi 7 lo triudoa An: c odl a1nrsoltan bparutwoe ma
fourth foundationmThe, main -building m a ""here Mr; Weeks lives, from W Smith, represents T., att innWto Prosn s trer taoancco orerdan




length that is without railroadf ofi mole iods bel i gods fro ae leant, and brently w e1 n9 and a SrehaS E in. day s, and anad I'v .a and m,'-'
plc en most o8f| the 87^. o n co On Eu
50~~~~~ aie wideti by 1,0Aeras a ln
-oti sthtedaty rainsimeOe. that the wthsbarely three feet hof wter wc son tsheatere,, -shouldbe yfahom ofetr Ttef, ollowing tbe lo. d l $5'rar therrecords




newsu sugr-mi wilscld ruire o~ut u rc a, a ndsth a~ nar here a lttle tractk ofrich (,.T.oaw be Coalthyplnuer.) wof 9the 0 Jack-onvoin-e7i-ne. J ac,$1 vIpe,1ton.. ..... Tue nce0 unfalporawle cropal repors.c The
"-'w ih thiepaal ...... ..-- t-ath mporaratu.re--$Scordper ar k epts I4 b les strreng. and = iba .,. spe aietn
ofhmn' te lns ciofasLlt thm adtbilfn asos rdrteok wethrrinal adjct of wIT d r -n nl-s _i i~ .S practt no0 changes I avn ndSm
long, strn or ies high.Th is dor es. n~ samples" of t oll and Droduct ons on ex- A NATURAL PHENOMENON. -the month of beg DAt astlcts E.r5 6a4.15)s;tst.aac- .a~r DO' O .
threeh a d u oO e b l g d o .. r stat_ enduringng the past 1, yong ary ,' 55 0 t .- t 'ie s.-- Ji m1-r .- Te a n at
log hresoie ih.Ti risntSmoked ihortE rib5, 81so 11 tethw- ,ih LO)UISVILL~E, J-l t.Th hihet rie
icu euteegine-room or mother necets- hibition at the Orlandlo fair. -- -isup s. e. dernp,,nvaseed tic;Cciiidrfl Sr pCni ;om]- of~ thek, anGl rado fl.Pbes uarned durm no o-
incl de nt r e s The m ai n g e Into this narrow and crooked pas'.w. .HowethesBottom o a e car C .o hv d n 1o 4_o':loe ythe c C so tav b e s oEt e d r sa and ra
ill tcruate haaesju st tr ied tobearneenanthea
making it fre-prcoomH of ahe air. Toc 46 631c Lad-rt-dned tierces Msu pardrleaf and tugs Selling at 'rom d5
T h e folio1g ps qua l.. T w orlittle s"mackees" front m .1 ru t ba re t b olr a raste, 855 ; m p o 1on pell.ul o U nds..
irn, -practicaty the-rei. su quace withoun a qutationsaruebork'oun ailot's -n2s-Te market is strong






T hgho in g wo ll be readyda boum to th e ro p o eyoW eds t t h avb e t tueiu n e dC n e v beo th e n g ttsaem she y thin g F wortme P s o tUo f h t.W a re n tb C e retau'd w e ha peth at g, . -- .. .. ... eIL--B est .u a mb'e, 2 ... ..r. ... .k lOO linnthe sd ,denu.ve
of O b er. Nole bo uio mrrt ban s., a d ldouncing. The hull element is evidena-
oof M ro Wart sprng ng___IAo2_8I 2an per"dark wealN$19 i. pounds; cook-Iv
hev ethr e ats kill tona he a regadi t the Smremarblei led bano ofn 4 hg f--- 2 c I




re...... outrth new 161; e From ths nroPrek aI e a oh r eiou. W1 .6o ao boo !el -ais Pu c asn A e cy oirmp.cco T --tarke uitbu 3 ,Chic. "'o
received aoave beent~itn puartgt lar in"' Z Zn n
corns durirtwtaepas week, man oiharborehe b as l f ath G f ea hea y l-M es,Etc., but the end eny roan advance Isc decked by
.. exhibite few1 days ew"-srarantea. outside.L k Thisonce beauptbful slieiet 'f0-hhthe tar e stoc- on hand at the Principal
ago a plant of red clover with a large Laokieodhe gold IDrazy' ove r ants
and mature bloom Upon it. By some it ani," dto ..aes," old saying, -SeNaples of water is represented on owth map by 1&1 101) 04; 7'od 1 W 1 6.B, NE and dr; Tbe foing fgures represento m-rkery.
addewolcertainly have been ful- an irregular patch of blue resembling a prI. 710 4 ;) 1 S davevau We qucowhite corn, job' lots, SH C- ,
was regarded as a Curiosity in this part la la stn h ero hl a dl to m e, pur- e f a bid 4tw oedce 1 2 1o i'i 4 ieis NtE 63c per bus o-hel; car a los, 6 a2c peri b osel;
of Florida. ButI itrt is no unuua tose fecuLy tight cheese-cloth mosquito bar. wig taking its fihnotwestward I87 I ,ss3Ci 2.95S 'i, toad tots, 1SCO' per bush'ii: 0Oats oqniei, new oats% SAVANNAH, Jud~y 113-The tUpland CItOfL43






fre Aauson tably t ong gryow th l, t oo. n th fhkn o r oneh i n o f"- d na milara w in gsd it.. ... a 7 8 o aiN. mxd con o rts5'o~ erbi a
red clover growing here, and mag ing tr ie di ,cult woit ho fro fTalla s ee According to the l g 9 "r Cs a 1kind 12 7 sa8u NE cc- in int o r.o iket, a n i-es r'l"e eander at market closed qiieat e o owing quota-





resnal stron growthctoo 113fruialaa~tThe tseSothtloriday oneswth the imaginfvepeRahee sucho an thri differ 0)el Noi St Art I ; 11s 9or hoseo too he foiAL'r-- LL~oI, er1 sa~cl, In jo01,dos
C ale, dive m iles would m measure its ex- ISu"' tss fire "profltdac Miarino uton'.






tear ly sspar tof thesu m e it ca b e ma s arm fterardsqgotintoe asbsth one hesere, tems en gthanly br eadths Lo n d. its diee- 1a3t ol 'i New Yor irte i eS itS SW tlam -D v ~t o eound.,r fluer r st eln. Goro ld a mol a r t,00.3.0 arr y-pa~ a .''
tgrwefreealy aukerod bosme aso.e Lreat awerepei~ at ahodunithis moseasonewscne of tieea.tcefothe aiol.defor thme warug Addres i1RS. .ilIi .1on') SE 3-Ten" man ceut isyi 'dra gootd Iensao gradesrcltgpc.,,T' -"
on. thphavyraistolwdb o usd of the barme the nois wae thee feril 1- 161. .23n.
scald it.out, asi e c e Ie -- d b g L 155 9 latesee., an, bE our i-ts Cry m a lt. 9 cest .inc --iDerBm fllb l Low r-edln,
actuayo as w"the o fned browhm1ance4.i. 7, et,; a er ; cars loa 62 1te. 86 p5nter, -oo c a P.O -Br 8 0,oo





anherem tsacroiymte~efa fi otyo oeta h apof Bu ltu wealrthy Plant eres, 5 i7 re- ...... ----- )---- !t ... ton asernchre@0 racenoont0t ens xt. 0t et~etu~wx.wtThpeane receipts were 4 ales; grss,- )..
oLar- i s oilf monseq hpit- p b as sls70aesetnt thte 1 ey e ut
L i t hmo n y s o tr p la n t h i c h t hr ie dl a o f a a n d of. h han d fi l t fn e s m a n s i o n J atenre e o a k s a n d ,5 1 J 2 tal l .k B.n .- a p i e





preset tie an rang fromlastyear ionThe reat ulk f Napes pne Clrk hving one o Tenesse to pendrei.s ,eignaleF Corps.ar Aftr.tes- O on-ryeaoder.;"best. 'patents pout 1120' ba l :e'-i
farther ato thisrt .s-easan ueporr a ehe ad ofr t e so ng tha any live tea-s a githe ec rcling Ii W. ET A vet.





on th~et hieav raidoze orfollowe byi yarsln shooteni ifeetfrmaythsmeha o n potniyoe i' cngwt thrhg raenrn-O sl-Fn ramr en e iuu:-Raerpearame.Ia 10,t~.a:. .,
kettde ee t. s. t hotte aande wuo l tll. Onde of ts the to G':,'-er- b.356;
EccentRice s o f' th e Orange.r thosasnd be the oluiers Wieather aver l no Call ne erla yLhoe of tMi-s. 94.d 71mly g yeat d a H p L o' .. ".
F l o r d a n e tha e r s i n ica t h t he r i ve it e m i s e O F M R o ld e n O e Tre- w e rtes i z e t a s b e u s pe d N gec E Dos -e toun y ,1 2 Ie4 e c h-p e r a n g e d q uota ti s it r de o mt. re-s-l'a'
go aing b o e this flun and undan C o oG oio, 2an tlnioo perd bava, s ace l an o rIvU thnsg
Cd1ro, SaD hseeRo ao.nRsd- tight.Ge Is trGouosdedlr'-l '
.. trof fr uit. aha of; the noalo incgi, .- it ng there anylv y theb a man olhe-bowhochdrowne ouL f ae en l able go .. ..o oogilal ,-p,aU. ...A. PasItS o~r~--o tbeng qtts j.2.. .5 .o L, 2 ae




orangs latsping:tosthat iner oune. Thorutwoanis they hills. Oneisut of print aelonged we hoper- WILLAM. CLsR ""&- Co roa ISN "
.-----orn oo-JIi.arkl I Yi, t4oao2 per ton; Medi m ane 18 .
orangertoves io the vicnity ho En- woupleda of e niad u tle trheis w ee a thora e is ndow bo watr ingtws---Pep barrs $ I, ou-Ytr 1a3. The moart istuet a noinaloat un

terise v b prang orths new r in e and thri. ps tnrow idt ce a ll tharl no Gvese whr otheiedsit io.ark & kono nRo boon-adOe' b t hoabrtbotrtn t.2oe00e. Faedn a qu0tations ittle stoalead





- sceT ai h 0se fl owin thssr o e ra I ha e omehou h o squio, h at n E lTheen Call Lo gwho wrothr e ae ch rinks about T ri et je Fr. t 'li' z B .s-~ olaer orheas00 been usept axe L5~E- re Pent), "N42-l p.e]rptotum r'd;. Jartes"" :'ra ,. 8C.. 1 rivn .1
Florid"- an excanageso indito.produe tat theropr highly artlac reprhoetatbonk of reminiscene s ofwidenad0feetdeep.The.-W D Agenc. to n .-oiet, b m a tt.ed E .M -..
loos duer ding thenps wee man o harbo se otres, except the Gl of MxFlorida w hh rapout troach ith in d lterr 1
tetesb I ng : coero wit tha ic n H ow e sormn apparently sensibl rut CO-if ToaCc Ch ELD ih.SaGoicMe..u 1
oranges~ragan nine Clark' skeche ofo theht Ahe Newwor iork ladyU of expeienc and wle [lope~i 'orNSEDim per ton. eim ie1
Wdll i nightklla m n Y tti ins t a i ina b inued. He belo ngs to E thean ing tor se ur any21 kind0pe F~ weain 19p- qu n .o cet.e o n -


oran es.sven.s.t G o as wo l d is--T qu otations vr y a r t I 9 A


- .' '- '-S -' '" .. ..- -+-, -'" :- '='- -"- -- -.'. .--. .