Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055763/00027
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1887)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 3 v. : ill. ; 50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: C.H. Jones & Brother
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: July 6, 1887
Publication Date: 1887-1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 5, 1887)-v. 3, no. 3 (Jan. 16, 1889).
General Note: A.H. Curtiss, editor.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000454290
oclc - 11040152
notis - ACL6442
lccn - sn 95026760
System ID: UF00055763:00027
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

Full Text



Observations on the Borer and
on Hybridization. :
Editor Florida Farmer and F'ruit-Grower:
I have an opinion of the peach borer,
-and a day's work in the hot sun, down
on my knees in the dirt, digging around
peach roots, makes me feel very un-
kindly toward the Sciapteron, Egeria-
Trochilium, Sesia exitiosa. This much
named insect is a pest, and in its perfect
state escapes notice; for not one in a hun-
dred peach growers would suspect the
waspish looking insect, with fore-wings
opaque steel-blue, hind-wings transpar-
ent and body with a broad orange band,
that can be seen in the spring hovering
around the peach trees.-
Eternal vigilance is the price of
peaches, and on the first appearance of
gum or "saw dust," out with the knife
and cut down to the borer. If one had
the time, it would pay to go over the or-
chard in February and Jun6e,dig out the
borers, scrape the bark, apply a thick
coat of soap, clay and ashes, then hill up
the tree at least a foot. In a few- years
the bark gets too tough for borers to do
much harm, especially to the Chinese
variety. But I did not start out to talk
about borers.
About sixty years ago the early set-
tlers in this county found scattered
peach trees-seedlings of the Spanish
strain, thoroughly acclimated. Old
Captain Dadley, by sele ting setds, in a
few years got a pretty good ftridty.
Few places in Florida are more favora-
ble to the plum and peach family than
here, rolling land, red clay near surface,
and lime rock everywhere, and the
trees, with a little care, become im-
mense. In 1975 I saw trees forty inches
around, perhaps thirty years old, and
beat g fair crops of tolerable fruit. .
'."-- sa of.thesernatisv&Veaches are clings,
tough and acid, though often of large
size. In 1878 Mr. Jeff. Scott brought a
peach to Archer that weighed eighteen
ounces. These trees fruited in the
rainy season, in July or August, and
hence had no value for remote markets.
In 1876 I scoured the country around for
miles, and found but four peaches that
came anyw here near a standard.
Next year Col. Yniestra. of Pensacola,
sent me buds of the Peen-to, and with
Sthe Honey peach and these. I began the
wi improving of our native stock. .Mylrst.
experiments were failures, and after
': waiting four years for results, to find
nothing better from my seedlings was
disheartening. I then tried the early
and late peaches from Georgia. South
Carolina. Texas and Virginia. At- one.
-. time I had thirty-five named varieties
.* ff'om north of Florida. The Persian
4 strain made a sickly growth, be-ae
wildered with our climate, bloomed
from April to June. and died discour-
aged. Two of the Texas peaches. Cub-
Sler's Indian and Onderdonk's Favorite.
behaved like natives, and the latter
S proved a superb July yellow flesh free-
S stone.
.'I found by experience that the peach
S isavery close self-fertilizer, especially
S the cling., and the chances for new va-
rieties, by plantingseed. was very small.
t uf I believe Mr. Onderdonk planted thou-
sands of seed, aud for forty 3 ears, before
he got a good variety. Direct hybridi-
zation was sure, but not easily done. I
mypestered a good many totanists with
S conundrums as to prepotency. proteran
dry. and the like, and in most cases tbe
repairs ind cated that that line of study
b had not been followed up. and that any
fellow having a curiosity to know, ought
to make original investigations, or
words to that. effect; they had not time
or space or opportunity.
So in 1882 1 began the research, using
pollen from the Honey, Peen-to and a
choice Spanish seedling. The results
thus.far are pretty conclusive, and may
S be roughly formulated temporarily-
S though the next few yearn' experin-ents
S may make changes:
I. The peach is proterogynous, the
stigma ripening before the stamens shed
the pollen, except a few hours of heat
occurs before the opening of the petals;
this ripens the pollen rapidly, and the
inference is to choose a cool, damp day
for experimenting.
II. The female parent determines the
future peach as cling or freestone, also
the flavor, acidity and quality of flesh.
III. The male parent determines the
shapeand size of the peach, the vigor of
the tree, and, most likely, the time of
bloom and ripening.
For example, a Peen-to seedling, from
Honey pollen, is a cling, with much the
flavor of the Peen-to, hut has more of
the shape and size of the Honey and its
vigoras growth. A Honey 'seedling,
Peen-to pollen, is a freestone. with only
a slight change in shape to indicate its
hybridization. It blooms earlier and is
somewhat larger than the Honey.
Now, what we need in Florida is, first,
an early May peach, high colored, yel-
low,- flGr flesh, sprightly flavor, regular
shapeand a freestone, about such a
peach' s the Elberta, Columbia or Osce-

:.- -.- : .

ola of the Georgia peaches, or the yellow
St. John, of Mississippi.
Again, we want the prolificacy of the
Honey, the delicate flavor of the Peen-
to, and the uniform ripening of our na-
tives combined, and a succession of such
peaches, both clings and freestones, red,
white and yellow flesh, fromMay to Oc-
tober. Modest request, but I believe at-
tainable, and, in fact, I think we are at
the dawn of such an era in peaches.
There is a grand field for experiment.
Let those who choose plant thousands
'of peach seed and select from the seed-
lings. Another way would be to bud a
different variety in the tops of the
Honey or Peen-to and plant the seeds
from such trees; or my plan, place year
old trees in six inch pots, trim back,
wash roots and repot in fresh earth in
December. When the dwarfs begin to
"bloom retard the Peen-to and accelerate
the Honey. Take into a close room, re-
move all stamens, and when stigmas
exude nectar use pollen from other trees.
This insures a hybrid. With these pre-
cautions, and .using the Honey and
Chinese strains, I look forward to im-
mense improvement in our Florida
peaches from such experiments.
J. C. NEAL, M. D.
ARCHER, Fla., June 24, 1887.

The Peach Tree Borer.
(Aegeria exitiosa.)
From the report of the Commissioner
of Agriculture for 1879 we quote the fol-
Observations made last spring showed
that upon May 10 many of the moths
had already issued, and were engaged
in oviposition. The eggs are deposited
singly and are stuck to the surface of
the bark, on their sides, by a gummy se-
cretion. The female makes no effort to
discover a crevice in which to thrust the
egg.. One female was seen to deposit
upwards of twenty eggs upon different
parts of the trunk of one tree, usually
about one or two feet from the surface of
the ground, in the space of about one
hour. The young larvre, when just
hatched, are very active and have many

Manuring the Peach.
The following is from the Rural Cali-
The value of muriate of potash and
fine ground bone as a preventive against
the yellows has come to be generally rec-
ognized by peach growers since the re-
sults of such treatment at the Massa-
chusetts Agricultural College were made
public by Profs. Goessman and May-
nard. The report of the New Jersey ex-
periment station for the past year con-
tains an account of an investigation of
the peach orchards of that State to bear
out the results above referred to. There
is ample proof that those who cultivate
the most thoroughly and fertilize the
most judiciously realize the greatest
profits in peach growing. The healthiest
and longest lived orchards in New Jer-
sey are those which have been fertilized
with potash and phosphoric acid in
some form, and those who have used
these fertilizers are generally intending
to use them again, while those who have
only used yard manure or. nothing are
looking for something better. In set-
ting an orchard care is taken to throw
out any tree that looks diseased, and if
the yellows appear in a fpw trees they
are at once rooted out and burned. One
orchard that had received bone and pot-
ash for four years was seeded to clover
for one year, and then plowed under
af'er a top dressing of lime, with a satis-
factory renewal of thrift on the part of
the old trees.
Many cultivators do not rightly dis-
criminate between the yellows and the
effect of the borer, attributing the effects,
of the one to the other. Some of the
sure indications of the yellows are the
dying of the twigs, a rough, prickly bark
along the limbs, and premature ripening
of the fruit., %lhich usually has a red
fesh and a bitter taste. The borers'
work is usually shown by a gummy subrA
stance or 6a'tings at the bate of the tree,
at the surface of the ground, and by yel-
low leaves a hen their work is carried to
any extent. The remedy for borers is to
dig them out with asharp knife in June
and August.

THE PECAN CATERPILLAR. ly with the Bona ijo.. The latter name
Caterpillars of various kinds cause is the Latin for good night. and prob-
great injury to shade and fruit trees, ably was suggested to Linneus by the
and especially the pecan. There are va- Spaniard's name for it, Bi.cno.s nioeics.
rious ways of destroying them: To zee the moon flower in all its glory
1. Cut off the branch and burn it. one should take a boat ride of a elooun
2. Tie old cloths to a long pole, satu- light night in summer over one of the.
rated with coal oil or turpentine, and: forest walled reaches of the upper St.
burn the nests. Johns, or other similar stream. Float-
3. Spray a solution of Paris green or ing through these forest aisles an object
London purple over the foliage, with the may be perceived among the dark tree
aid of a fountain pump or garden en- tops, which may be mistaken for a
gine. glimpse of the silvery moon. If not the
4. Dust the foliage with powdered moon itself it is the moon flower. Wa-ch
white hellebore or pyre'hrum, by means for it in the grey of morning and this
of a powder bellows wonderful flower will l.e seen to shrink
Any of these methods will destroy the into itself as lay light brightens. Those
pests, and will not injure the tree. They five ribs which are shown in the illus-
should be applied early in the morning tration begin to coil inward and soon
or late in the evening, while the leaves draw the whole flower into a little shriv.
.re wet with dew andthe worms intheir eled I all.. The illustration shows the
nests. flower of half its natural proportions.
es ~. Another species of moon flower pretty
THE IPOfMEAS OF' FLORIDA. well1 known in Florida is the Iplo.nom.a
THEJatal.-.. Its flowers are a third smaller
---- and its foliage coarse, yet it is well
Some Native Flowering Vines worthy of cultivation, and every .sun-
W t mer we have tree trunks garlanded with
Worthy Of Cultivation, it in front of our dwelling. It has a
:The genus Ipomcea is represented in huge root, sometimes weighing fifty
Florida by a dozen species, half of which pounds.- This is supposed to be one of
are amongst the most conspicuous, beau- the false jalaps sent out from Mexico.
tiful, and withal troublesome plants in The true jalap, I. purga, grows on the


long, stiff bristles o0. their bodies. In-
stead of boring through the bark they Waldo Fruits.,
seek a crack, and gi :,tuost incredibly Edi lori e and it-Grwer.. .. ,
small one williti.o." -II sendyour to-d r cby mail.-three
An articlehas oeen going the rounds send you to-day mail three
of the agricultural journals adviCing a peaches of my "Beauregard," a seedling 'u' (
new remedy for 'the peach 'tree borer.from Honey. I see a great deal written
We quote from the Kansas.Farmer, about'the father of the peach, and this ; .., .
March 28, 1880: Famr and that improved variety, but I believe .
Thebest way to prevent tie borer this is. the finest and most profitable for "h
from getting into your trees, and the market of any yet. Our Honey- peach' ..' -
best because easiest, speediest and quick- has not done as. well this season as
,usual on account of the dry spring. e- -
Sa / Ihave many orders for peaches every ig l
day that I cannot r ll. Our fruit grow- '
-, '., f ers are making it very profitable,: and .
cannot meet'the demand. -
O: a i rWe are -gowing thee finest grapes I "'
a, Yideils 5h .a ver sam-h r -ing at 80 cents per an o b
pound netlrre have a fi-ie, crop of r -", l h MoOrs
pears, some now ready to 'pick. We g-' :
Sr have several varieties of pineapples bear- he State. With the exception of I. ca-
San oing well. tihartica, which goes by the name of
N "there bas rA'.n wpre clear money hop..yine" on the southern coant-and
made in vegetab res-and fruits around is there regarded asthoe f oisto f weeds-
St s town this ye r.han ehver be ore. these vines are common ailed morn-
gaps po ed, ''aWe are having quite a boom in ur] ing r~gies ad evening glories acolt-.
b. s Uburbs. n'_ c ing as tbey bloom by day or night.
PaEAci TEE Bono Onur farmers and frnit growers are Most ot'them open early in tlie moi u-
ainged i. Lanva. very much interested in your FARMcR ing and close' before noon, except on
ath a preventive AND e IT-.GAROwER. Iclouy days. Of this class the lol in-
est-of all preventive. ik to scrape wiib a SIfELJ. KENNARD.
ie tosaped Eerett J. Kfni teresting is the goat's foot lpomca iL
hoethe. soil from around the collar of WALDo, Fla., June 4, 1887. Pes-apr). ,It giows on the sea shore,
the tree down to the branching of theuI
roots.eand bind aihandful of straight [Judge Kennard's peaches were re- sending ot ts nes flat on the sand to
straw around the bodv of the tree se- ceived and eaten without knowing from a greai.length. It has beautiful purple
curine th orain in place with a small whom they came, and we did not criti- flowers and very thick, round, notched
cord, return theso, which will kep the cise then closely, but we remember that lves, in outline like a goat's foot,
butts of the straw in place. Renew the a lady who is wont t.i "go halves" on '3ence the name. Rev. James H.
straw every spring, and be careru that such occasions, pronounced them "the White, of Merritt'a Island, transplanted
thestrawcovers the bark, leaving no best yet," and we didwe did not have any fall- aine of this species to his door yard
gas exposed and a peach treeborer ing out with er about it.-A. H. C.] an raised it over a large trellis, after
will never disturb the orchard. We th ainer of a scuppernong vine.
SDefeURA ainR TOB...OL. ,d their species peculiar to the sea
practiced this plan on a peach orchard Defences Against Insects. o4thaed r asecfiou es peculiar to the sea
for several years, and never had a tre e insects, c and with the same habit of growth
thus protected injured, while one left ex- AN ALKALINE WASH. Is lhe acetosarfolia. It. might be called
posed was sure to be attacked. Mr. Charles Everett, of DoeFnink the sea shore sweet potato, it being
b oDr. tCo.TarleseEverett, ofue uniakhb.lTrelaur Boe u aed to that favorite vegetable
The straw certainly would be effica- Springs, informed us last year that he clsel& related to that favorite vegetable
cious in keeping the moths from deposit- pre a wash which served a good and very similar in flowers. The leaves
ing their eggs on the bark, which is thus p ared on a arefieshyand extremely variable being
purpose both as insecticideand fert iizer, as-,rfiddle shaped o/much lobed
protected, but higher up the tree would by dissolving pulverized concentrated' "aq.'ico'mmon sapeieds on brackish shlobed.s,
not have the same freedom and it is not potash, one teaspoonful to a gallon of comim'oe n seis oe b-ackinh ushores,
uernceomm thatthe arvo "i .of.th which climbs over bushes and rushes,
uncommon that the larv of this insect water for trees. weaker for vegetables. with arrow shaped leaves and purple
are found boring into the trunk f a Todestroy omers he poured a quart of it flowers, is the L sita. The white
tree several feet from the ground. In- at the base of each tree. e thought it flowered L sias theta, which is cultivahe white
prevented the rot in tomatoes.Its ef- for ita-beautiful deeply lobed leaves, is
easier to watch for the borers and de- fect on vegetation is soon manifest in given by Chapmtan as a wild species, but
stroy them on the upper part, of the t o the improved color. The following notes erel escapes from cultivation. This
trunk than at the base. this remedy we find in exchangesI
might prove of advantage, exchanges and most of the other Ipomceas of Flor-
h DATURA FOR TOBACCO FLY. idai(as also the i. Batalas or sweet po-
Burning sulphur twice on the wind- The tobacco fly, or moth, being inor- latd), are found in the West Indies. Mex-
ward side of an orchard during a damp dinately fond of the honey secreted by icoan.d South America.
wind, so that the sulphurous vapor will the Jamestown weed, they may be de- :f the strictly nocturnal bloomers,
cover the trees, destroyed the blight and stroyed in- large numbers by poisoning called evening glories or moon flowers.
rust on the apple trees of J. C. West- the blossoms with a sugar syrup satu- the-e are two species in Florida, Ipoincea
brook, of Draketown, Ga. The sarume, rated with cobalt. Take common sugar Boha nox and .L Jalapa. Both have
remedy.destroyed or prevented the de- and pulverized cobalt, with a little white flowers, which open at sunset and
velopment of rust on wheat. The sul-' water, and thoroughly mix in a small cloe'at sunrise. The Bona ioja' is well
phur should be burned at the first ap- mortar. Pour off when the consistency' represented in the accompanying cut,
pearance of the rust. of thin honey, and apply one drop in' which is borrowed from Messrs. W. At-
-' [~each blossom, using a common spring lee iBurpee & Co., the" noted firm of
The best possible security for farm re- bottom oil cpn. This should be done seedsmen and florists of Philadelphia.
turns is in superior cultivation, all the just before sunset, as the moths feed at In their catalogue 'the name Ipomcena
work done in the best manner and at night. The ground for rods around aoeiflora is used,'but that -must be a
the right time. .' will be covered with the dead insects, synonym, for Xhe picture agrees perfect-


mountains of Mexico. It might perhaps
be cultivated successfully in the Chatta-
hoochee region.
Of our two moon flowers, tl' Jalapa
is best. adapted to dry ground and the
Bona nox to moist and fertile ground.
Roots of the latter, if they cannot be ob-
tained from wild plants, may be pur-
chased of Burpee & Co ar 20 cents each.
A Richmond gentleman, who bought a
root of it, is quoted as writing that "he
set out a plant about May 15 at the foot
of a large dead tree, and by the end of
August it. had completely covered the
tree forty feet high; and was hanging
in festoons of lovely white flowers from
every branch."..
A. H. C.

The Bonnet Gourd (Dishrag).
This most useful plant may be grown
almost anywhere, or in any location
where it can obtain the support of a
building or fence, or even a pile of
brush. It is very prolific, is not subject,
to the attack of insects, and -is not, so
far as our observation extends, liable to
disease or rust. Mrs. W. E. Ellis, of
Kittrall, N. C. (says the Sugar Bowl), re-
ceived the $50 gold medal offered by the
North Carolina Exposition for the largest
variety of useful and ornamental articles
made by any one person from a North
Carolina product. She exhibited twenty-
five articles. Since then she has been in
steady receipt of orders for hacs, bon-
nets, baskets, fans and many other arti-
cles. This "dishrag gourd" grows In every
Southern State. The number of mer-
cantile forms it can be made to assume
are innumerable. It can be made as
great and profitable an industry as any
for which willow or rattan are the mate-
rials. Given good taste, ingenuity, busi-
ness common sense and $1,000 capital,
and a concern can be built upon this
gourd whose orders will reach half a
million dollars a year.

One-third of the wood ashes is lime,
and this-lime is more valuable for crops
than stone lime; it once having entered
into vegetable life is more soluble and
easily taken up by plants.


Striking Cuttings in Bottles.
A writer in Popular Gardening says:
Variety in the methods of propagation
are always of interest. One method of
doing this vork that is rarely applied
beyond the rooting of oleander cuttings,
is in bottles, and this is suited to many
other kinds, also. At least,: o we are
informed by our always interesting cor-
respondent. She says:, .I have rooted
not only oleanders, but roses, passion
vines. Virginia creepers, and numerous
other things in bottles. with success. I
have a sprig of ground ivy which I put
in a specimen glass of water nearly two
years ago, and it threw out roots and is
still growing, although it is not near the
"For this hind of slipping I ptefera .
wide mouthed bottle, and this I fill
nearly full of water and keep in a light
place during rooting. I have tried bot-
ties of different colored glass, and also
stone bottles, but find no percepubledif-
ferince in the result;, while the light
colored once are more interesting and.
ornamental. I propagate at any season
of the year .
**The cutt'ngs I take off with a heel,: ..
and not straight across. These I set so
they d)o not dip more than three fourths
of an inch into the water: In the water
I sometimes have put lumps of charcoal,
but could see no good from it. The
water may be changed if it becomes
clear, having the fiesh of the same tem-
pekature as the old. The cuttings usually
start to throw'v out roots inside of three
Weeks, and I pot Ihem as soon as ever
the latter show. I have had success in 7
striking out-door iose cuttings in the
summer in this way."

Forage in Hillsborough County.
The whole--tribe -of--n.easaaarin.e
sorghums, including the -Kaffir,-nmillo" *
maize, and eveS broomcorn, will pro-
duce more feed for stock-in Hillsborough
county than cad be grown from the rich-
est meadows of any Northern State or
old England. In this county the roots
will live through the winter, and thus.
by using these roots, though the ground"
should be broken up in order to fertilize
it. these may be again planted on the
same or other land and much time gained
over plants reared from the seed.
Some of the experimenters in Georgia
have made four tons of dry shucks from
one acre; and one man, at Marietta, be-
sides the four tons of shucks, took eight ..
tons of dried stalks, which he cut up and o -
meated, and made more valuable feed
than imported hay. Dr. Watkins, of
Palmetto, Ga., who hasgrown the Kaffir
coru since its first introduction, raises at
the rate ofrseventy-five bushels of grain,
weighing sixty pounds to tlhe bushel,
from an acre, besides at least six tons of
dry fodder.
The grain when ground makes a flour
equal to third-rate wheaten flour for
bread and cakes and for feed to stock; in
dealing, the chopped fodder is Fuperior
tocorn meal. and for chicken feed, is su-
perior to any other grain. This grain
has to come to us from the hot, moist re-
gions of India,'and must, therefore, be
adapted to growth in all parts of South
Florida. With such grain and rice,
HiUsborough need never import a bar-
rel of flour from the Northe North, nor a baleof
hay. ,. ... .
Silt Grass Again.
We have received another specimen of
the Paspalum dislichim, of which we
gave some account in the last number.
This time it is sent by Old Tampa, from
the shopr, we presume, of Old Tani'pa
Bay. At any rate, it is the form-which
is produced on sandy shores, sending
out runners yards in length. Thg e root
from each of the short joints aitd i
places, send up short seed stems, which
bear at top two rigid spikes of seeds
about an inch long.
This grass is so variable, and ap-
proaches other species so closely, that
we could not expect to.describe or illua-
tra'e it in a satisfactory manner. In
localities we have found it growing in
close mats, with stems only an inch or
two high, and again have found it ris-
ing two or three feet from the ground
and proportionately developed other-
wise. A. H. C.

Copperas for Grape Rot.
I believe that.copperas is a preventive
of grape rot. In'a vineyard in Ohio,
where a quart to the square rod has been
sown in July for three years, there has
been no rot, while other graves in same
neighborhood have rotted more or less
every year. They formerly rotted here,
too.-M. Crawford, in Wine and Fruit
In grafting, if the stock is less than an
inch in diameter, it is best to bind it
firmly with fast mattingor waxed cloth,
to make it press more firmly against the
cion. Larger stocks need no binding, as
the pressure upon the cion is sufficient
without it.

- --' .,-.,- '. "- .




-f ed off oil unsuspecting people here and ries, good rop, sold low, or at 4 to I
dun dUC elsewhere throughout the State are the cents a quat;; cherries, 2 to 4 cents a
products of the orchards of Florida dur- pound; grapes, chiefly' Concord, 2 to 8
"s +ing the freeze of last year. : cents; peaches, 5i1 cents to $1, and pears
AGAINST CLEAN CULTURE. Unless.thereis a stupendous falsehood at $1 a basket; summer apples, 15 to 2,'
out somewhere, at all events, this is the cents. From Monmouth county: Con-
most charitable explanation of the fact cord grapes sold in Newark and New
The Question Still Open for that about half the oranges in this mar- York from 2-to 8 cents, fancy varieties
aDiscussion. ket have been frozen, when, according at 5 to cents, and pears at $8 to $4 a
scussion. to oft-repeated and hysterical assertions, barrel. In Camden county, one man re-
Editor Senrida Farmer and lruzt- Grower: not an orange tree in the State has been ports 14 acres of strawberries, at 50,000
Mr. Bigelow, in. the FARMER AND hurt by cold weather; Doubtless, then, quarts per acre, but not remunerative;
FRUIT-GROWER of June 8th, refers to the Florida orange growers held their 12 acresof tomatoes yielded .11)10i has-
me, apparently, as theI "able writer" frozen stocks over from last year (per- kets; 11-.acres of sweet potatoes, 4,000
who -thrusts aside authority, science, haps put them in cold storage) and pack- baskets. -.
and the combined knowledge of this ing them in boxes with California How do our .,hortirulttirists like these
progressive age," etc., and discardsc'ean brands, sent them out here to cast re- prices?
culture and such so called science as flections upon our own groves. We publish the above extract to show
teaches of its utility. Now, Mr. B. and the vast proportions truck farming has
all to whom this may le interesting, I rTtTOC rLT E reached in two or three counties of New
will simply say that you are very greatly lSTRAWBERRY CULTURE. Jersey, and how small are the probabili-
mistaken if you suopose that, all of the -- / ties of Southern truck farmers over-
intelligent orange glowers of Florida Satisfactory Results Depend- stocking the markets with fruits or veg-
have given up the question of clean cut- ent on Certain Conditions. etables if well packed, of good quality
ture, and settled down to a unanimous and shipped early in the season.
admission of its advisability. BY D. R. PILSBRY.
,With all due regard and respect for Intensive culture is indispensable to :
the writer and the correct general prin- profitable results. This is. tine of most Asparagus.
ciplhs involved in the article of Mr. L.'s, things, as true in Florida as anywhere Editor Florida Farnmer and Fruit- Grower':
in tfile number of April 20, "Why do we in all the world. Two examples will In your issue of June 1st is copied an
Cultivate?" I have to urge some ideas serve to illustrate my point. My friend article from the Rural World, "How to
which seem peculiarly appropriate to Merril, in-Sanford, has a bed of straw- Make an Asparagus3 Bed." Allow me to
the necessities of this soil and climate, berries 9x40 feet, from which he has al- suggest it was intended, no doubt, for
I, too, had presumed that most intelli- ready gathered over two bushels of fruit. Northern cultivation, and for a particu-
gent people, who had trod the sands of The vflies are still vigorous and full of lar locality. There are a few markets
Florida long and successfully enough to fruit, and are good for another bushel which prefer asparagus, white or
make respectable "foot prints" thereon, or more. Call it three bushels and you bleached, hence the deep planting rec-
had long since given up the ideas in have three hundred and sixty-three ommended, but the larger trade-.and de-
vogue and practice in the climate and bushels as the product of an acre. mand is for the quick and well grown
soils, together with the crops of the older Now turn to my other picture. Mr. shoots of greenish color, six to eight inch-
or more Northern and Western States, C. has half an acre, perhaps more, well es long, cut just below the surface soil.
when lo l and behold, here comes one set in vines, from which he has gathered Nine-tenths of asparagus for market is
reputed to be "eminent in this calling, less than five dollars' worth of berries, of this'description, and so the necessity
and makes quite a flourish of philosoph- His land is not unlike the former exam- of deep planting is avoided, and conse-
ical knowledge, and endeavors to corn-.pie, fiat woods and of good quality. quently more room is needed in planting.
bat these new ideas with old theories. What has made all the difference be- If intended for home use, then the plant-
claiming, too, that they are "the result tween something and a good deal less ing may be chosen, say two feet apart
of the combined knowledge .and im- than nothing? each way, the cultivation to be entirely
proved methods of this progressive I can soon tell you. One fertilized and by hand. Two year-old tioots will soon-
age." watered, the other fertilized a little and est give returns if planted six inches
Now, let me say to you clean cultur- watered none. One protected his fruit deep, the soil made rich and kept so.
ists, that if I only had half the money wholly from birds, the other not at all. For field culture, four feet apart each
that has been worse than unnecessarily One is out in land, labor, plants, -with way will be noue too much, and for
spent, even in this country, by our income nil, the other has feasted on the such I would recommend well grown
know-all Yankees in turning this poor, most luscious and healthful of fruits for one-year plants as less likely to be dis-
dry. sand upside down, backward and three months. This extraordinary yield turbed by the cultivator, and the crown
forward and crosswise, there to bake has been secured by three things, suita- of the plant sixinches below the surface.
and blister in a nine months' blazing ile fertilizing, mulching and watering, The planting in check rows gives the
sun, and to receive the drenching rains of each essential, advantage of cultivation both ways, and
the year, amounting usually to between Properly enriching the soil in advance as the roots spread will be found none
four and five feet of water, and to have of planting enables the vine to live and too much room in a few years. In my
all of the dJust particles, of organic mat- to grow. Mulching not only retains experience, the asparagus roots will not
terwhipped out by the winds-"glorious moisture, but prevents the frequent survive much standing water, or very
sea breezes;" the manurial gases driven waterings from compacting the soil, and moist soil, but should be dry and well
off and the soluble minerals leached out, sufficient water turniclihes plant food in enriched, and any amount of fertilizer
instead of having a crop of pea vines to asoluble and available condition. More of any kind may be applied, as it is a
shade and shield the land from the than this, to furnish food and water, you gross feeder;bthe application of salt will
effects of the sun, and to drink up and need not do, while should you do less helpto keep down grass and weeds.
hold near the surface the mineral ele- you can onlylose. Were I to again plant, woulI prepare
menis, and to githlier valuablegasesfron(' Mr. Merril's bed had two one-horse and do so from seed, and wheie they
the atmosphere and hand them over, as it.- loads of stable manure well worked in are to g'ow esia ly in tile spring, say Feb-
were. when they decay. to the trees, to before planting. His plants are one ruary; and as the growing season isso
yield them up. not a. an application of' foot apart each way. The runners are long here, one season's growth, with
the high priced commercial manures, keptoff byoccasional clipping. A mulch good culture and soil well enriched, will
all at once, but gradually, as the tree of two or three inches was given, and give plants equal to the ordinary two-
'grows."Th'e vines decay. the land is when nices-sary, n hIch, in the past dry year-old nursery plants from the wlprth
kept damp and cool. and both absorbs winter and spring has been quite often, With judgment, tuo years from=he
the gases from the air and retain that moderate supplies of water was given, seed some of the strong shoots may be
which the rains bring, and then, acting That is all there was of ;itr. The -some- used..
on the otherwise dead and inert, paiti- times important questions of potash and SEM:NOLE.
ce-s of s6il. are rendered available as ph-.sphates. or of nitrogenous fertilizers, TAMPA, Fla., June 16,_.1887.
plant food. and the tree.-. look green and did not come in at all. A soil not badly ..-
grow thrifty. supplied with crude organic matter, a How to Can Fruit
The usual practice of the "famous decaying mulch to keep up a supply of How to Can Fruit.
Yinkee" is to,, plow. plow, bake and humniis. the stable manure, and water, Canning fruitisa very. efficient means
drench and dissipate, and replace the the solvent, tells all the stoiy. of preset-n ingit in a wholesome condi-
waste and ruin with fettilizlrs- from Plentyof white fluttering rags served tion, but it is a process which demands.
New York. No Florida Cracker is perfectly to keep the birds, even the careful management to make it a suc-
worthy or competent to learn them any- saucy mocking bird, at a distance. cess. Tin cans are sometimes used, but
'thing, so I let them alone, fully belie'v- Strangely enougli te butcher bird, iu- glass jars are now so cheap and are so
ing that there will be oranges-" enough tent on prey. not plunder, 1s often seen much better that they should always be
produced, even by "clean culture," to on the bed.' preferred. In the end they are much
starve out those who have made the Where one is contemplating planting cheaper, as they last much longer than
gives. though the consumer pay 7i strawberries next fail, no time should tin. Tin cans are liable to injure the
cents apiece. We need some radical be lost in making preparations. Give flavor also. There are several excellent
changes, and we need some radical talk what fertilizer you intend to, and let ktudsof fruit jars on the market.M
to bring them about, too. I did not get there be enough, atd. sow cow peas. In canning fruit two things must be
mad till now, and I will take it all back Don't let them ripen, but when their moot carefully attendefl to o.r failure is
if you will go to wol ik on the question of pods begin to harden plow them down. certain. -
questions for us ro-day-how to get Harrow well, and repeat the plowing 1. The fruit uiust be sufficiently
money, bread, for the oraugeo we have ,,ttleu enoughli to put the ground in the cooked.
made'. finest p.-s.sible condition. You can 2. The air must be excluded and the
Then I will tell you all I have learned hardly make the ground too rich. Fail can herm,-tically sealed.
in ntinetetn years'digging in these sands, ing of stable manure, use compost of The best fruit should be selected ,nd
but until then I think the less people muck, with poultry manure, or cotton that which is not over ripe. It should
know of "how to produce oranges" the seed. be kept as clean as possible, so that little
bei.ter. I have ouly intimated the a, b. We may take a lesson from nature, or no washing will be required, as this
c's of my modus eoperatndi. Now I have The fines! wild berries aret- found on the is injurious to many fruits. Pick over
spoken rather harshly, you may think, edges of mucky ponds, where fertility carefully and wash q'lickly if washing is
of the "Yankee." but I don't mean to and moisture combine to give the big- necessary. Either steam or stew, add-
shOw "bad blood," and am certain that gest and best. So in the garden, if we ing as little water as possible, and-as lit-
most right minded persons will take it can secure similar conditions, we are tie sugar as will suffice to make the
in good part. seeing the point and the safe. sauce palatable S'wveet fruits require
truth in what I hive said. As to close planting, one foot apart, I noneat all, and none is necessary to the
WM. P. NEELD. very much doubt its advisability, unless preservation of the fruit. Steaming ik
PINELLAS, Fia. possibly on very small patches. Two by rather preferable to stewing or boiling.
two for hand culture will give' dfuer ber- as thefruit is less broken and its natural
Those Boiled Oranges. ties, if not more. One cubic foot, sup- flavor is better preserved. A porcelain
atose Bolled Oranes.t posing the soil to Ie a foot deep, is not lined kettle should be used, as all kinds
Last spring we published a story which enough for one plant. Two by two of me-tal kettles are likely to he .cjr-
we supposed to have emanated from the gives four cubic feet to each plant. If roiled by the acids of the fruit.
brain of some humon-ist. It appears now horse culture be intended, then one and The fruit need not be cooked .o much
that fruit in California is boiled at a one half by three feet. will be required. that it will fall to pieces, but it should
temperature.below 30 degree--. Califor- giving four and one half feet. be so thoroughly scalded that every part
nia -4 a land of wonders, truly. The In any case allow no runners attni:l of it will be subjected to a high degree
San Francisco Chronmicle, of April 13, es- iuulch well. A soil well mulc'ed will of heat, in order that all of the germs
plained the mystery thus: ot itself be moist, if in addition it be, as from which fermentation originates.m'y
An item has for some time been float- we urge, full of decaying vegetable mat- be destroyed Simply heating is not suf-
ing about tihe press of San Francisco and ter. It has another element or condi- ficient.
the ioteriorconveyingthe*information" Lion of moisture, in that its porosity per- Some kinds of fruit require longer
that boiled oranges were offered for sale mits the circulation of air, carrying cooking than others. The length of
here, and warning people against being with it abundant moisture, to be con- time varies about as follows: Boil cher-
deluded by the fine appearance of fruit densed by the cool earth and held in ric-s five minutes: raspberries, blackhet-
so treated. This is on a par with the Lhe hottest and dryest weather, ries and ripe currants, six to eight min-
stories about fraudulent comb honey -. utes; halved peaches, gooseberries and
and other things which are occasionally pTruk Farmin g grapes eight to ten minutes: sliced pine-
started by those who do not know what New Jersey T uck Farming. apple and quince, and halved peais, fif-
they are talking about. These alleged The Times-Democrat gleans the fol- teen to twenty minutes; strawberries.
'boiled oranges" are simply oranges lowing statistics regarding truck farm- thirty minutes: tomatoes, thirty win-
which have b-e'efrozen or-frost-bitten. ing, from the proceedings of the New u'es to two hotrs.
The skin of sich fruit possesses a pe. Jersey State Horticultural Society for While the fruit is cooking, prepare
culiar gloss and the pulp is nothing but 1886:" the cans in which it is to be placed.
a spongy mass, with hardly a particle of The following amount was grown in Thoroughly scald them so that there
juice remaining, and is utterly unfit for Monmouth county, carefully estimated may be in them nothing which will in-
food. From external appearances very through different sources: duce decay. To prevent breaking when
few people are able to detect the differ- Pears and apples marketed, 410,000 the hot fruit is placed in the can. it may
ence between the frosted and unfrozen bushels; peaches. 65.u00 baskets, be head by pouring into it hnt waterand
fruit, and as a consequence the swind- Strawberries, raspberries and, black- quickly shaking it. so that all parts may
ling business has been rety. profitable, berries, 122,000 bushels, besides 350,000 be heated equally, or the can ma& be
Where' these frozen oranges come bushels of potatoes. Five lines of rail- placed in cool water and gradually
from is a mystery to credulous people, road and numerous steamboats convey heated to the requisite degree. Dry
Although there were bints published these crops to market. From Atlanith heat is equally efficient and may be ap-
some time ago concerning the damage county -there were shipped '2,q35,100 plied by keeping the cans in a'moder-
said to have been done by f'.--st in' cer- q'tarts of blackberries and raspbetrieI.I ately hot' oven while the fruit is cook-
tain orange growing localities, these re 128 tous of gi-apes and 3.040 barrels of ing Some place the hot can upon a
ports were so indignantly denied that. pears. Thefollowing prices are reported: folded towel wet in cold water, which
the conclusion is irresistible that the For Gloucester county, blackberries, a cools lhe bottom and so prevents crack-
large quantities of frozen oranges palm-' poor crop, 3 to 6 ceuts a.quart; raspber- int. This method is very convenient.

meant, and progressive in principle, and Tn,- --i.:...,u.t wiii ire f,-r e o iea-.lii'n( .Js-t
surely must succeed." tric pr.:rn-'ri. u .'ii i-si lurictrie L Fl.ri-da. sad
Mr.'S. A. Steven., of Suumter county, wit] ,drvTiiaic -:peim:aiil;ay a mori- Drtivr',fled And
writes : "I am in love with your paper, ilntr-Ve E',-.tEin .:I Fici.iitDtne an'-l reatmr
but am taking so many now that until er.:,...,-y .:.f n:,iu- rc.,Ldrce-i.
some subscription runs out I can't take Ai sruingtihithei'i- tgrieiuturaiadaptanrc-nsiof
more, but calculate to be a subscriber to a large portii.o.n Florida are as yet t.ir imlper-
your paper soon." ferlr iiundtr--:,:d, a i,i:at anim of thjie iotrnl
Mr. E. W. Amsden, of Ormond-oo-the- wil L[e to, ,,'cibl tie- bet r ti- ult -lu whchlave
Halifax, wi ites as follows : --I am tak- bee"n w'-- lihe.-J, n theesact mcihol-em
ing ten papers on agricultural subjects, ployd. andll aiifluncies ffffe-et.-ng sucI re-ults:
and if asked to surrender the FARMER also tosugaqeiet,?\,enrtiiet. drec'n newrlintle
AND FRUIT GROWER. I would tell them known ci ri. friii-', -et-..anQiT-erdi the progTess
to take the other nine, but leave me ':f 'gr,-r.Lii-e I n'ght-hb.:,rDng Staie.
that. May peace and [plenty and years C:.niueu'-Lc; witah the first auniL.eraiil con-
of grace le given you t0 continue the i'anuing itir:iri ithi- e-a'on ir
goo>i work."
Mr. J. V. Dansby, of Pensacola, whose
eminent success in truck gardening, as r Ia"
well as his able writings or farm topics, T lant
entitle his opiniou to respect, expresses a nn.g
ihimseif as frll.:,ws : -The first number TIler,. rviii i., -eri,- :i airti:le.;.:.n friit;s-lfher
of the FARMER AND FRrnir-GROWER was thasn th e o' th,:i ci-l-rr p-.ip-whjch ave-
duly received and is the best thing in its' proredncis 'uc.: ei d i iL tIn itie- Each va-
way I have seen. It is jut tbPe paper ier, wdli a,1 d1-.-ribed ani
needed, and if you keep it up to the pres- I
Pnt standard of excellence must become Ill t t
popular witL the people. I can't see llus d
where oil have left any room for im- And there will be note- froim peron. wno bare
Drovement." had experire ,I its cimirivation. Tais a-ilt be
, Mr. L. H. Armstrorng, of St. Nicholas, fil-.wed by a sirmilrserie.son
Duval county, writes under date ,of
April '2th : "THETFLORWA FARMER AN-D Forage Plants,
FRUTH GROw-ER has far surpassed expec-.
tations. It sheds light on many obscure AnI. otrer ii,,iier.is witU beiln5mraiedtna, at.nmited
pages in the book of Florida's possibili- extend.
ties in fiuit, forage, live stock and in the Mucli aitteni.>-n wiLi be .ievtc.ed to
development of her vast store of hidden S o
resource,." Live Stock
Mr. Irving Keck, of the Bowling Green
'Land and Improvement Company, And t.:. the hii:.mm proudmtiionofforageanafertihL-
writes under date of May 2d : --We zere, two e.'.n:tn:'mi-s which are essential tosucr
think T3E FARMER AND FRmrT-GROW'ER cceiful ftraiibt.
the best to be had for farmers in Flor- ] Qutesion" relative to ailiine/is or domestic
ida. We always get new ideas from it. antrimal will be answered by an able veterinary
The isgent of Morgan's Bazaar,. Starke, surgeon who formc-rly edited a like deparnneni
Bradford county, who is a news-dealer of tue
and subsctiptIo'n agent, writes as fol- .- _
lows: "THE FARMERANDFRtrr-GROER Turf, Field and Farm.
is the paper in an agricultural point ot
view. I would not be without it, and A due ancoiii of space will be devoted i0
honestly advise all workers of the soil to household economy and to reports ot thi. mar-
sub-cribe for it." kets, an-i the deparments or
One of the prominent citizens of At- -
lanta, Ga.. writing to the publishers of Truck-Gjardlening, .-:-
the F. F. & F.-G., says: "--Your last yen-' ..
ture, the FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT- Floriculture, -
GROWER, is a rentarkable one for the
beauty of its mechanical execution and Poultry,
the crisp, fresh and appropriate charac-
ter of its editorial and selected matter. Veterinary
Professor Curtiss evidently knows how P ri t
to work, and -knowledge is power' only Practice, etc.
when there is indomitable energy behind will be contributed to. by persons who have made
it. But. I need not preach to C. H. Jones specialtic-s of those branches.
on this topic, as his pushing of the All portions of the State will receive a due
Times-Union to success over or through amount of attention, and their interests w-l be
mountains of opposition and difficulties represented by able correspondeuts.
insurmountable to a man of less daring Under no circumstances will this journal be-
and persistent qualities, clearly proves. come the "organ" of any asociatioa.or localhty.
Mr. Percival Brewer, or Monmouth, It will start out iuntraimmeUled and will repre-
Ill., writes, under date of April 9th: "I bent aU sections. aind interests with absolute min-
think your paper the best agricultural partiality.
paper published in the South."
Hon. J. C. Pelot, of Manatee, writes as
follows: "T look upon your paper as
one of the most valuable additions to Published at Jacksonville on Wednesday
our agricultural interests. It is ably
edited,, practical, directs attention to of each week.
matters of primary importance in the
development of our various industries,
and carries with ita spirit of energy and
enterprise that must address itself to ev- PRIICE OF SUBSCRIPTION:
ery searcher after information." One Year ..................... U o
Rev. T. W. Moore, of Marion county, Six Months ...................... 1 00
writes: "I believe your paper will do a Three Months 50
good work in disseminating new ideas in sPECIMEN CortPIs aFRE.
regard to fruit raising, farming, stock
raising, etc."
Mr. H. G. Daniels, of Amelia Islapd;: Addressasubscriptions and otherhbuaisaBscor.
"Judging from what I have seen of the to o .
FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER, it is the t 1anicatlona to
best agricultural paper publidshd'i. n the C H.- JONES & 7BR0.,
South. I predict immense successfor it." O*E B O ,
Mr. W. N. Justice, commission mei- PUBLISHERS.
chant of Philadelphia, writes: "Having Communications for the editorial department
received the first issue of your agricul- should be addresed to W :
tural paper, and being delighted with its A.: C URTISS Edtr ,-
tone, we wish you to insert our card 'for A.: R- U 11 "Eio lr,
six months." Jaoksonvile,-.Fla.-

- --

In a few orange growing sections of
Southern California the use of fertilizers
is found nesesary, especially among
treesover six yeis old. Some careful
experiments made at Riverside lead tothe
conclusion that stable manuie, particu-
larly if coarse, induces a large wood
growth, but does not help the fruit,
while thIe use of commercial fertilizers
acts directly on the fruit. It is- believed
now that all tr es over the age indicated
above should be fertilized a little or at
least every alternate year.-Rutal Cali-
foriniamn. :
.. ._ __*- ) *.. -"-

A Few of Many Expressions of
Mr. G. M. Whetston, of Mikesville.
Columbia county, w-ites under date of
June 1';: "I enclose $2 for the FARMER
AND FRUIT-GROWER. I will tr- and get
some more subscrilr-rs for yoe paper. I
have seen two or threeco f it, and
think it is the bes-t paper o6bhe kind I
have ever seen, and the only one suited
to-our county."
Mr. F. S. Soregue. of Federal Point.
expresses his opinion as follows: "I have
taken agricultural and horticultural pa-
peis for years, and unhesitatingly pro-
GROWER far superior t, them all. You-
need not entertain fears for its success.
Itsruerits will wiu its way. Pleasesend
nie an extra copy to send to a friend in
Michigan, who will probably wish to
Capt. R. E. Rost-. president of the St.
Cloud Agricultural and Improvement
Co., writes fiom Kissimmee, under
date of June 10th, as follows: '"The
FARMER continues to improve, and, as I
predicted, is becoming the standard ag-
ricultural iourual of the South.
Mr. F. C. Cochrane, a bookseller and
stationer of Palatka, writes. under date
ofJuue 1: -Your FLORi)A FARMER AND
FRUIT GROWER is a perfect success. It
is far ahead of anything of the kind in
the State, and every one interested in
horticulture or agriculture should not be
without it."
Mrs. A. H. H., of Winnemisset, Fla.,
writes as follows: -We are new comers
and have much to learn, and your paper
is just what we have wished for ever
since we arrived here. 'Our Cosy Cor-
netr' contains just what every woman in
Florida ought to read, words of encour-
agement and comfort to the homesick.
weary, struggling sisterhood. -God
bless"H. H.' May she Jive to write
nimany words of cheer. Her recipes, too,
are so well suited to Florida. As our
resources in the country are limited,
they fill a large want.
One of our subeciibers at New Smyr-
na writes us, under date of June 4th: "1
must say that I admire the FARMER aND
FRUIT-GROWER very much indeed, and
intend to be a permanent subscriber so
long as it is conducted in tle very valu-
able manner in which it is now being
Mr. Ri. A. Ward, postmaster at Mala-
bar, writes: -I am delighted with the
ommend it to all on account of its corn-

_- '.-':". .
=~~-': ,': :-:.,- :- ,-'^:


When the fruit is properly cooked and plete adaptation to the wants of this lat-
the cans are in readiness,-first place in itude. Other agricultural papers con-
the can a quantity of juice, so that. as tain only an occasional article of inter-
the fruit is put in. no vacant places will eat to the farmers of South Florida. who
be left-for air, which is sometimes quite' care little for dairy news or general
troublesome \hen this precaution is not farming in the North. but the articles in
taken. Then add the fruit. If any hub- the FARMER AND FRMIT-GROWEBR are
bles fair chance to be left still, work good, very-good, and I wish you the suc-
them our with a fork, spoon handle or cess you deserve for furnishing Florida.
straw. Fill the can full and immediate- farmers a paper that just 'fills the bill.'"
ly put on the cover and sciew tightly. If Mr. C. H. Goodricb. of Orange Park,
thecan is unpleasantly hot, it may be se- n'riter: "I must say that the FARMER
curely held by passing a towel around it AND FRIT-GROWER is decidedly the besL
and twisting the ends together. As the publication of the kind in the State. I
fruit cools, the cover can be tightened. take them all and can compare their
and this should be promptly done. so merits."
that no air may be allowed to r-nter. (hrk teve, te -age
Sometimes the fruit will settle so that alr. of2` .28 rida, {toaf O
little space will appar at the top. Ii county. 'writes: "Your paper far ex-
youare osure th6anis tigit, do not open ceeds the hopes of the most sanguine
you-lare suretth caniin irs good work. It fills a want
to refill, as you will be unable to -make long felt in this part for a good ag-
the can quite as tight again, unless you ricuitural paper. Success ,toyu." "
reheat the fruit, in which case you
would be liable to have the same thing Prof. S. N. Whitneri of the Agricul-
occur again. Some al'ow the fruit to tural College of Florida, writes as fol-
cool about ten minutes before adjusting lows; "I can say in all sincerity, it has
the covers. This gives time for it to exceeded my most sanguine expectations.
cool and settle. The can is then filled Already it is without a peer in all the
with hot syrup and tightly sealed. South. .
After filling and tightly sealing, place Mr. Thomas Meehan, the distingished
the cans in a cool place and watch them horticulturist and proprietor of the Ger-
closely for two or three weeks,, when mantown nurseries. in a letter dated
they may be set away if there are no MNarchl 5th, writes: 'I am very much
signs of fermentation. Shouldany such pleased with the FARMER AND FRUIT-
signs appear, open the can immediately, GRowER, and shall: read it regularly,
scald the fruit thoroughly and seal 'as be whichyou know is a high compliment
fore, being very careful to examine the fqr an editor to pay to an exchange."
cover and gee if there is not some imper- Prof. D, L. Ihar", the eminent pro-
fection which prevents the perfect ex- fessor of biology in tle Agricultural Col-
clusion of air. lege of Mississippi, says in the Sotlhern
Small fruits and tomatoes may be pre- Lie Sti'ok .Jo, rnI: "m-His [tle,.. eitoiu-'sj
served in bottles or jugs by sealing with valuable paper already appearing in the
wax. Thorou ghly eat the bottle or first numbers are fufi'ling ourt expecta-
jug and put in the frit, first putting in lion and prediction. They may be fully

wax, T u rou h f it fir 't
the juice as when using cans. Shake relied upon for conscientious correc-
down well and e'fill. Then place two ness of statement and scientific accur-
thicknesses of cloth over the mouth,u in- ac of detail."
sert a tightly fittingcork and thorough- Hon. j. Wnu. Ewan, w'-iting from
ly cover the whole with melted 'was.
The following is a good recipe for the Miami, rade county. says: Certainly
wax: One pound resin, two pounds bee,-- you are doing a good work in establish-
way, and one and a half ounces of tal- Ing an enlightened and scientific system
low-melt and mix of agriculture, which heretofote has
When canning in glass vessels, care .been seriously neglected. Your paper is
...4 hp i-... n -- ,t,-,i- +i',,"- ....e i t,, t......Invitlng in appearance, pure in senti-










draughts of cold air, or they will be lia-
ble to break.
Apples, pears, quinces and peaches
should be pared and cut into.pieces smniall
enough to can Conveniently. In canning,
they may be arranged in the can with a
fork, if desired, the juice being after-
wards added, but care must be exercised
to get out all air bubbles, which are very
liable to occur when this mniethod is
adopted. The skins ma. be very es pe-
ditiously removed from peaches by im-
mersing them in boiling water faj a min-
ute or two ard then rublbing with a
coarsetowel. This is be.-t done when
they have just reached maturity, but
have not become very njellow.-Pacific
Fruit Grower. "
".. *

- i.'- .'-,




in quantities sufficient to support any Composting Hen Manure. A New Cotton Seed Cl
a l rm+. kind of crops, with the exception, per- ditor tlorida Farmer and Fruit-Grower; The papers of the farther
haps, of clover and a few less important Those who keep chickens will find the talking about an invention n
and kindred plants, which require the following a good way to mix the ma- Mr. Crawford, of Mississippi.s
SCIENTIFIC FARMING. presence of lime to an extent which nure Take of plaster, ashes and the cure the defect in the present
would be superabundant for other rap ofhe hen house, equal parts tion of cotton seed due to the 1
A, st crops. Then add salt one-fourth part. This patent designed to clean the s
A System Under which Land Should the farmer, when preparing wll give about one barrel a year to the phuric acid, but which not on
Never Wears Out. his fertilizers, from carelessness, indif- hen, so if you have twenty-five hens you the seed for food purposes, but
ference or forgetfulness, omit any one will have the same numberof barrels of tr.u.ys the lint. The Augpst
From Colonel Potter's able report on of the three substances named, which the very best of fertilizers for pushing ear- cle. sat ythe Crawford proi.-s
agriculture.in Prussia, we take the fol- are not contained in the soil, namely, ly vegetables. The expense of this manure simple and most efficaciou .
lowing extract: nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash, he compared to the commercial- fertilizers, OileansTimes Demoorant says
Any land which has for a long period might as well omit them all, for the is as one to twenty, and the virtue as tined to disenthiall the co.tto
of time been required to produce certain reason that the others will be inefficient twenty to one. and to yield untold nllion. to
plants-like wheat, for instance-will, and the crop derive little advantage Dr. Chase, in his receipt book, which, by the economy is it will intr
without being regularly supplied with from them. The desired results are by the way should be in every family the manipulation of cotton se
the particular fertilizing substances produced by the chemical effects of the who believe in helping themselves, says The machine, in the first-pl
which such plants have taken out of combination. Each substance is lifeless be prefers the larger breeds, as he thinks the seed of every particle ofli
it, relapse, of course, into a non-produc- and refuses to act without the presence the manure alone pays for their keeping, it looks not unlike small grai
ing condition, and be regarded as "worn of the others. As an illustration of the and so it does where there is a large range fee. In that condition it can
out." That is to say, certain elements necessi-y of a chemical combination of for them. And a great deal depends on in bulk to Europe-a thing
vital to particular kinds of plant life certain elements with a view of produe- having thehen house constructed in such never been possible with unc
have been -constantly drawn from the ifng particular effects, those of saltpeter, a way that none is lost. r --wheie there s practically a
virgin soil, and none of those elements sulphur and charcoal may be mentioned. ATe were up to Edgewood Farm not ed demand for it at a high figi
have been restored to it. The natural These are dull and inactive substances long since, where the poultry business every ton of cee'l, it appears
consequence is that, after a I.:ong.-ontin- when separated. but when united in is, ar, i.s d on quite extensively by the chine savesoneundre pou
ued planting in the samesol of the same proper pioportious they become gun- sx ho-don't know enough to vote," worth at least two cents a p.
kinds of plant,, their sources of life ae powder, poisessiDg a vitality and ener- an. find tie hahe been more success ul per stock, this one its a akn
exhausted, and their future existence getic f.rce which cannot be mneaured in this business than any we have iete au Increase of l.i.i.i,0it. hales
becomes weak and unproductive, and by human calculatins. with here % ho do know enough. They or lint to the .rop. It also in
but for the meagre amount of nitrogen- What the so-called "worn-out land" of tia plenty f feetilizek for gove, gar- yield oftoil to ifty gallons
ous nourishment which they draw from Virginia and elsewhere nee-d is, there- den and all they an cultivate and very thigar- it-even, and 1oil to fifty poun
the atmosphere, they would wther and foe-. nitrogen, phosphoric acid and pot- thing grows well. Will tell you more instead of '0.I per ton.
lie outright. The soil is hastened into ash. it is a iare circumstance to find about them another time, as I belio e The purpose of the patenlet
this condition when the same kind of land that contains these substai nes in you are ady interested. to be *to furnish all the cat
crops are for successive years planted in quantities and distributed in such proper Tere i not inteof more t moment to beary to manufacture the ca
it, without alternating with crop:, of a proportions as will nourish crops fer a .u producer than othe manure tuoi- work the mils and to conduct
different nature, in accordance wih the long series of yeats. The rich painre tin. Evey particle should be avred neks generally, for which th
rotation system described and recom- :ands of the" "great West," where suh and made the most of. A manuie heap ceive one-half the stock of ca
mended in the previous report mn- elements have been acc entumlaring and is rorg the indispensable things, and ny formed-the other half to
ioned farming is, at this r unnumbered centuries, all trash, lop, etc.. should Ie thrown of only to cotton planters. ii
This system cf lazy farming is, at this exceptions, Oui, by aud byh. the d timin er-, bt nothing may be lost. Tlis is paiit for their seed either in
date. bi intelligent Prulssian armers fishing product of even these fertile re theasiest and cheapest way f getting stock of the company, as
designated .rib lrtsertf" rrobbin" giiors willv show that these three vital this very valuable article, and this Elect. Should they prefer stoi
the scili. It was, bowevr. practiced in elements to vegetable life are heing ex- should be te farmer's stuiy, for it is they will be permitted to p.
Prussia until the population betanrso hausteid, and that, unless they are re- here he makes his bank account. stock out of accruing diden
numerous and the arable acres of the cuperatid n ith a fresh artificial supply, Tirere ate many theotiis about corn they elect to sell theirseed for
kingdom so weak in productive elements they wll become as barren as those of ting. ut thetrue one is to keep a the comply willpa the h
enough to upp no longerown peoduple. Then ie most simple method ofd Virginia. well rotted con post heap that v ill sup. ket price for the seed. arnd
t ,ugh fluor if n ne essit T emost ;mplemelod f restrir ply the plant food1 needed. It is not they can afford to pay moro
through force ..f eceisity rrnd under vigorous productive life to -worn-out reressay to understand just what ele- oue else."
governmental encouraiemen.t, th.e own- IL'd" ibys le the ieal apicatin o. nents a wanted in oider to do this. The planter, it thus seems.
e of the soil began to think Soe of good table manuie. This contains, in We know that. vegetable mould must to be guaranteed better prices
them were wise enough ti, conclude desired proportions, all the partwular n ain plant food r ro, it is plant sub- given a direct interest in the n
that nature had been liberal and per. chemical ingredients r. ferreo to as being stance itself. Then there are only about pi.e, which, if carried out. i
formed her work we I in providing for indispensable. If the o:c.upants of ihc fourteen different elements in most vital concern to him. It ma
then to begin with, a prolific virgin etab'e and stalls are meagerly fed with plants and the compost heap contains for our people to li..ok intr
soil in good condition. How to main- poor food, the value of the manure is hese and often more. ter and if found to be as repr
ain it n tht condition, and how to re much diminished. The quantity of stable Plats l on appropriate what they lnd it the encouragement it
store its productive elements when they manure needed depends, therefore, upon need, and f put a little distant from the deserve. Vicksburg and Ne
were exhausted was a natural problem its quality. The bedding of animals also root, will reac out a little distant from thneeded have etablis'bured pants onthe
Where did' "the hand of nature" find contains such organic substancesas form and thereoot, will reah out aftnger ofit as need haverm and it ablis' ed plants on predcte
her productive elements, and what the o-called mus" or vegetable loam, from over beating. er Southern cities will nd it
w ere they T o seek them w here natu r e and w h ich keeps the soil loose a nd re e l o ve A RaUn. aa nSou t or ci ti es e efnd
round them was a cormmon-Zente low and draws to it mc.isture and g.------ vive the project as it is stated
thought. Fiom thinkingcomes culture, warmth But for the pu'rpo~e of restor-
and from culture .investigation and inl g to permanent productiveness large Worming and Suckering To- it is worth.-News and Obser
knowledge of. practical sciences, and areas of -'exhausted land," stable bacco. Sorghum for St
these revealed the fact that above, manure is too expensive, and cannot be Major Robert L. Ragland, of Virinia, Objections to the coarsen
around and under the soil exist all the obtained in sufficient quantities. If Majoras follows to te No of Caroina ghum for stock feed may be
elements and substances which are such soil is"humus"-that is to say, if it writes as follows to the North Carolina chum for stck feed may ben
necessary, if wisely utilized, to maintain is tornpi-sed largely of loam or decom- Farmer ? by sowing early ambein an
its sarducive qualities for all time.aintain d vegetable mtter-fetilizingwith Many devices have been resorted to in in full by using two bushels
The experience and persevering trials stable manur" e i no better, perhaps not order o lessen the number and mitigate aci'e on sthe o'land.
Saided by the discoveries which the and more convenient form of fertilizers lak of general ,nd continued efforts The groun. which should be do
study of natural phdlonophy in the ex- which are' composed f nitrogen, phos- from year to year has brought only pa- plowing and- may be Lapul
of Gcllermany havgricule braloughtd technical schools pboricacida as .__ great numbers, and despite he beat ef- lowed in with any kind. c
of Germany have brought to light, Ls h Muck forts of the planter, seriously damage Never let it. ripen the seed be
nso simplified and rationalized the businter- Experience witn uG his crop. Perhaps the next sear they cut, ifdesigned for forage. I
ness of farming that, without the inter-- Euwor Florida Farmer and Fnr,-Girou': are few, and give him no trouble. ticulr the same rule obtains
ference of weather which is exception- As I promised to give you my experi- It is the nature of this insect to raise pies to millet, oats, John
"ally unfavorable, they are such thor- ence with muck I will now try to do so. at least two broods during the year. etc.
ouglr masters of their land, that they The spring before the big freeze I set out The hawk moth or tobacco fly usually Sorghum may be cut any
can plant any desired crop and feel a lot of bitter-sweet orange trees in makes his appearance.in the month of "blooming" to '"dough" in
certain that the soil will satisfy their grove form, intending to bud them that May. The eggs deposited by the first The **milk" and "dough" ic
expectations, and produce a yield which summer. Owing to uthe drought in tihe -mionths hatch out in from five to seven fTrred; earlier, too.much sh
they can accurately measure in quantity spring they made a very poor growth, days larvae or worms. The worm shed f suesrred; causing loss in bulk, wi
before the-seed is put into ground. and I did not bud them as I expected. its outer skin twice before it gets its advantage in quality. If let
How to restore exhausted soil to its The big freeze came and I supposed all growth. The growing stage of the v and consequently sweet
primitive fruitfulness is with them no of them were killed, so concluded I worm lasts from twenty-five to thirty juicesours in "curing," and
longer a problem. The process is so would get out muck and haul to, each days, and after it has attained its jass of harsh, pithy, sou
simple that it need only be stated to be tree and prepare for some more trees. I growth, it gorges itself a few days long- spoi'edf harougshess." On th
understood-restore to it the elements hauled one-fourth of a wagon load to er, and then crawls or burrows into the earlier, the sp ripens
taken from it by the crops it one rops pro- each tree, and then made a horse rake ground, where it soon passes into the if cut earlier, the curinp ipenss, a
duced. The knowledge of what these and raked all the grass there was in the pupa state; and after some twenty-three richer tenderer, and conse.qt
elements are. and--how and where to ob- field in row-, in line with the trees, or twenty-five days from the time of its palatable and nutritious eq
tain or produce them, is also accessible then dug a trench aioand each tree and crawling into the ground the pupa sends palatable and nutritious s
to any one who may desire to inq uire put the grass and mruck in. forth a moth to lay more eggs and hatch prf ovsmallenough it ma be
iuto the subject. The amount and kind Everybody that came along said I out more worm. grass, or otherwise it may be
of substance taken-from the soil, stated would finish my trees. Some said it Each moth-is capableof laying on an handful with a "hack k
in weight or measure, and the amount woulld-make the ground thirsty, others, a\errtt'ig o lundired eggs. So that for ,ihocked standing as in case
and kind necessary to be restreed to ir, that it would heat and kill the trees. everytmoth in May we may reasonably r "
can also at this date be readily ascer- TJie trees, being frozen so badly, started expect at least one hundred worms of cThe proesops
gained. off slowly and I did not get them budded the first brood: and if none of these are Tbe process of crying is rou
EXPERIMENTS OF PROFESSOR SACHS. until August. Now I have as pretty a destroyed, but all allowed to change to in in shock, let it remain un
The accuracy of this statement has lot of buds as I have seen-used no oth- moths, and these latter to raise a horde i ay no aeention to
been amply demonstrated by the re er fertilizer and do not intend to, of worms, what wonder that- the ec- is ce. Pay no talk ftention tohat
mrarkableresultsobtained from trialsand Last fall I hauled out raw muck to a ond brood sometimes appears in such een of thea gstalk, for tha
experiments made by the celebrated bot- few ot my trees, givingeach iree a load, countless numbers as to defy all efforts green for a gregardt w the. W
auist. Piofessor Sachs, at Wurzburg, and let the muck lay in a pile beside the to destroy ibem before they have ruined Buts it would be well to rake
who planted seed in slackened or decom- tree all winter. When I got ready to the crop. such as ison bhegiound, and
posed pumice stone and also in pure plow my grove I had the muck scattered Every moth ought, to be destroyed as let it remain in shock some
quartz and, in neither of which was around the trees as far as the roots ex- they appear, and thIis may be done to a t ita in stack, lick or
there a single atom of nutritious sub- tended, and plowed it under. All spring great extent by injecting a few drops of puldt itaway in stack, ick or
stance cf any kind, and he raised therein those trees couldbe.. distinguished at a sweetened Cobalt which is a poison) it is afe. Thus may be pro
a great variety of plan's that had a distance by their dark color.,. into the flowers of ibe Petunia, Honey- a good degree of certainty,
strong, healthy and exuberant growth, Another way of usingit in connection suckle, or Jamestown iJimpsoni weed' a good degree (of certainty,
by simply mining with the sand small with the razor back. Make light mov- which will give them their final quietus nuritious stock food per akno
quantities of such mineral substances able pen that two men can carry. Set But this hunt for the moth is not geuer- The second crop, which
only, in the form of soluble salts, as each this pen by a tree, not too close. Put al and if it weresome would escape. Bt the subtle, being scropaller,
plant required. in a coupleof sho.,tsand a load of muck. if every planter would wage a war of the tender, i being smaller than t
Professor Sachs, in making these in- Shell a couple of ears of corn in the pen. extermination on the first brood moi e tenderum ins better thuanti
teresting experiments, dissolved in one Go off and come back in the evening. worms-unfortunately a thing rarely eed orghum in any quan to s
quart, of water, first made perfectly and you will wonder whnc has become done-they would never appear in sch cattle or horimpunity. Soevenrghuto
pure by distillation, one gram of nitrate of that muck. By- moving the pen unconquerable hordes later in the sea peren uset impunity. Song in fa
of potasa (niter'of saltpeter), one-half around the tree you can in a couple of son1. people.- Cor. Texas Farmer.
grain of sulphate of -lime gypsum or days -fertilize it so that you need not The suckers should be pulled off every 'eope.-Cor. Tesi Farmer.
plaster. -one-half gram of magnesia, bother about that tree any more week, as they appear, and rught neve Li h ournsdeadd
one-half gram of phosphate of lime. one- In the same way a small garden plat to be permitted to get, over two inches a Live Stock Journal, it rath
half gram of chloride of sodium com- can be fertilized. I consider that the long; for, if permitted to grow large "withus experiment tof plow."
mion-salt), and one drop of perchloride pigs earn their feed rooting in the they abstract much-that would other- W anybrk orfpl
fads any one of these substances been Mr Editor, you speak of using m.uck planter need expect a crop of fine grade thevae ot sorghum densil
omitted in lhe combination the plants economically. The economy must come who does not pull off the suckers while sorghum cut green and fed
would not have grown, or they might in in getting out the muck. By using small, and prevent the horn worm from mn es.' Horses andmules
have had a short, sickly existence and horse power in getting out -muck, it riddling the leaves. fondof sorghum We gro
died soon after germinating. does not cost me over ten cents per .ord, Haul up a small load a
S '..These successful experiments, which. that is for hands to help. Muck to doSaving Broom Corn. down on te ground near t
can:be conducted just as well upon a mruch good, must be used plentifully. In Saving' Broom Con. down on the ground near
ten-acre field as in a flower-pot, show fing up a spot for a garden. a cord to As soot as the -plant is in full.-bloom, We feed d rily until there

here (carbonic acid. which prevails ev- H.W.'ROOP. shade, pm racks, having the layers not fall upon green sorghum mt
brain -and snow), the soil in which June 15, 1S87.. the heads smooth and straight on the without a single graiim or cc

all crops .A part of. them. however., the ,iquid can be applied to bot sur not become tangled. Broom factories are lets of forage grains.
petience and caireul observation prove also few-and the.number.that survive opening markets for the brush. There A law that can not he er
. iro magnesi suphuric ac id and lime cape after he trees sre in full leaf. ta.-Southerh Cultivator. stance. -.

South are
nade by a
which is to
failure of a
sed by sul-
nly injures
utterly de-
a Chroni-
is at once
The New
it "is des-
on planter
o the South
'dJu,:e into
ace, cleans
.nt, so that
ns of cof-
be shipped
which has
earned seed
n unlimit-
ire. From
, the ma-
ids of lint.
und for pa-
e meaning
of cotton
,,reases the
instead of
nds of cake
es is stated

Pital neces-
iacines, to
t the busi-
ey will re-
sb compa-
be disposed
ho will be
cash or in
they may
c'k to cash,
.y for the
ds. Should
cash, then
ihest mar-
it is clear
than any
is not only
s, but to be
new enter-
s to be of
y be well
i tho mat-
resented, to
t seems to
w Orleans
new idea,
d that oth-
to their ad-
aples. We
I, for what
ass of sor-
met in p-Irt
y case, and
of seed per
operly pre-
e by deep
owed in or
of a plow.
before being
n this par
which ap-
son grass.
time from
the seed.
tage is pie-
lrinkage en-
th no great
stand until
, the sap or
gives you a
r, in fact,
e contrary,
and sweet-
ind yields a
uently more
peclruen of
mown like
e cut by the
:nife," and
of corn or

imply ibis
nd or stand-
til the blade
the appear-
will remain
hcn 'he leal
tuff" cured
into mowi
in any case
days. Then
barn as you
millet. Now
duced, with
more good
:re than by
pledge. ,
comes fron
shorter an(
he first. Wr
ty to either
atiety, will
i in its dif
vor with th

the Souther
era danger

timony as t
lage, and c
o horses an
are greedil
.w it broach
nd .dump
he lot gati
p'is exhaus
ad. florsi
er and earl
day time, an
ure at nigh
*e large'nun
uri.hing cot
years than se

ifoiced is ni
without su













T. IC. ,,.DeiPY. al.o. ,:,r--t.-
T. IC. GOETL'E i Vi-' l,:]-.. 1-l.:,,.d,.i

Mississippi Valley Poultry Yards,

Bees and Queens.
Orders will ne booked now for dclivrry dur-
ing April, May or June, of my superior race
or'pure -

Italian too's ilW 1 ..

Queens by mall a spec ality
Give me a trial order
For pril:es or ote.r rin:oranati,:.r, .ddreELs
nullise. Orange Co., Fin.

L,W. $,! S *". .r I. .. I .- ...BJ.I.i f..' ..ii Uw i
IU. ialtE da r.dJ tl i-. i..i-.i In rL.:Ri[.-rr F n'Cira
.A'. & i.rl T I;R'-ER.:.. E .
Suimliled atl e l OI 00 er i oliousnd.


N,:'imeteare-ap .n itpc.1 r.:.fnl r.:,m Pier *2, E. R., N. Y., every Tuesday. Thursday
Fn' S.Ar 'afNVI LLpE-CHEROK'EE ,uew, iu.- SEMINOLE ,uew every FRIDAY
L'F .4 TL.-.NT. anId CITY OF COLUMBI.4, .,-vry V -EDNE-DAY I-p. m.
The Frcighb and Paineaer Ac.:.ma -...datins .y 'rina Line are m -unurpt e. tby any hips in
tre c,.,t tE .wr- r ei F. r lurtiher ,D>o lman r.:.n, apply i.
Fernrn.1.n,,, Fi! Jacks...nvdle. Fri.. S. W. eor. Bay Fna H-.:gan.
TREEO. G. EGER, riratic Manigr. r-r M. P CLYD t & C0 .,
3i Br.:,-',rtI, N. Y. Generi' _'nrr-. t5 :-)ar.war-, N. Y
lS sze o0x00 A1 on Lake Kingsley. Clay Co.. only0. A
SIS, feel in V .W eoie .-acre trat for an ORANE ,
(RBOVE cosis bill o. MO.
nlrgli rowing Pine L.n-i.l:. cali-bnr.ue 1' tL at, a te l tart
nmert. -!&w.J ]2--celt rsam r, r-r i aip, z i,:., or r-rai i Orer ,0,r||
Bank Drit to)..,lo'HN T. TALB''TT, an lEet War-ant7 Dtee, Title
perit-ct. from tme
P.O 0. Bos .IS.Jacksonville. Florida. 39 W. Bay St.

Winter Homes


Beai.ttiul t.Ict stir., fatj-g in:. Lake (O'rol and ai1 the Sr.outih Fl-ria Radiroad. -.
Lei,18 itl liigh and- .-rv. NEw irilelinjat; tL-t--ceen reulF.-irv; and, hirry rn ew bo hies.
A Chiiureb, ,cho-... ., marLs, -tuore, ba;iery, saw mill and hoclr. Large area already'planted
in orange gores. Ca.:'ie bildirig i:.t f-.r winter homiem ftr sale cheap. Te, twenry. and
:Cor ficre o'r,.-e grc.e:.c &o. A hestliy ePttlrunent in a healthy Stare.
Call on or Address,
Oriole, Florida. Jack-sonville,Fo rida

W..N. JUSTICE- ---

Wholesale Commission Merchant,
Sl...chii.c-: Ctu rBERN FRUITS ANTD VEGETABLES. Conkignimeni tScihed. -Return--
Umade .n da. of cr.e. -

CJ. O 0. B'OU' .TT1T, -
MFl A T. ESs'r.arE1 fl-EElOiLl33FIL.
CTran'e Groves, Town L...te in Barrow, Wmter Haven. Haskell, Punta Gorda and Chariot e
Harbor. tor Sale. Unimproved Lands. in small a.1 a argue tracn. atm $5 fa per acre,up. Choie ten
and forty acre tracts of good, higb. rolling Pine Lands. near S. F. R. R. depot, at $i2 to $35 per
acre. All property guaranteed to be as reprrescntmd or money refunded.
~Money Loans. well secared, negotiated at i5 per cernt, net. to the eder. "

F VNIiahi\ 4.-'^y;:
.. .... ^ t*^ ^
) ON N l ] .' ...' :'^ '*". '\..-^
-. .-. -, .-

) -M .- ..V; -' .


* 1 .


Breeds Prize Winning -
Plymonuthb Rocks, Wyandottes. Brown
Leghorns and Bronze Turkeys. -
Won nil Ihe Leading Prizes al the
North lHississippi Ponllry Show at
Water Valley. Feb. 9 to I"2. IS7T.
Farmer wi,-imn 10to inmproe rheir stock can
Lt -SPEI \L BARO.AN. iNS :f me. I also. sil a

FirsT-Class inrc- Lbatar,
P.-.ultr J.'-.rnAl,- and B,:.-otL; at Reduced Prices.
.U.-j t.1-r C trr1gl. e anIJ Prie.-c L;t, free ; or
Pl:, Dinnrn,.o trii paper.




The Florida Farmer ani Fruit Grower.

SA. IH. CUBTISS, Editor.

Office Cor. Bay and Laura Sts.

GROWER is an eight page 48 column illustra-
ted weekly newspaper, devoted to the Farm,
Garden, Orchard and Household Economy,
and to the promotion of the agricultural and
industrial it terests of Florida. It is published
every Wednesday. .
Terms of Subscription.

For one year............................................ $ 2.00
For six months 1.00
Clubs Of five to one address .................. 7.50
With daily TIMES-UNION, one year...... 11.00
With daily TIMES-UNION, six months 6.00
With WEEKLY TIMES, one year....... 2.75
4w-Subscriptions In all cases cash in ad-
vance, and no paper continued after the
expiration of the time paid for. The date on
the printed label with which the papers are
addressed is the date to which the subscrip-
tion is paid and Is equivalent to a receipt for
payment to that date; if the date is not
changed Immediately after a new payment,
the subscriber will please notify us at once.
CORRESPONDENCE solicited on all sub-
jeots pertaining to the topics dealt with in
this paper. Writers may affix such signatures
to their articles as they may choose, but must
furnish the editor with their full name and
address, not for publication but as a guarantee
ofgood faith. Rejected communications can-
xot be returned.
ADVERTISE ENTS inserted to a limited
extent.. Rates furnished on application.
REMITTANCES should be made by Check
Postal Note Money Order, or Registered
Letter, to order of
Jacksonville. Fal


FiRsT PAGE-Science for Peach Growers; The
Peach Tree Borer; Manuring the Peach; Wal-
do Fruits; "Defences Against Insects; The
Ipomceas of Florida; The Bonnet Gourd;
SStriking Cuttings in Bottles; Forage in Hills-
b-rough'County; Fall Oats; Silt Grass Again.
SaconD PAGz-Against Clean Culture; Those
Boiled Oranges; Strawberry Culture; New
Jersey Truck Farming; Asparagus; How to
Can Fruit; SavingBroom Corn.
TainR PAGE-Scientific Farming;- Experience
with Muck; Composting.Hen Manure; Worm-
ing and Suckering Toba co; A New Cottor
Seed Cleaner; Sorghum for Stock.
Fo6TH -PAGE (Editorial)-Utilizing Native
Grasses; A Man for the Times; The Silk In-
dustry; The Somniferous Poppy; Hot Days
and Cold Facts; The "Calamity Liars;" Thu
SFruit Au,,ioaSystem; AMiea Linl Ownaers.
FVi= PAGxE- (Edited by Helen Harcourt); Ou
Snomt Circle; I.:.--. Corner; The Family Friend
SOar Youuz Folkls' Corner.
SIxTH PAGE-Veterinary 'Advice; Selectings
Stallion; Horse and Mule Breeding; The Coy
in Florida; Sheep Farming; White and Brow]
S Leghorns; Scaly Legs; Grass for Fowls.
.SuvprTH PAGz-Farm Miscellany (Illustrated)
Serial Story, For Honor's Sake, by Farjeoh,
S FArGHTH PA.osG-Florida News in Brief; The. Mu
rats; Thbe E errlf,-i; ThOn H,'.rse- Farmer
July Wethber: Ne-v York and Jacksonville
_._Markets. .

: Will some of our subscribers send u
in a copy of the FARMER AND FRUIT
GROWER ':.f May 25, aswe arein need o
some for our files? .


There are in 'Florida more than 40
kinds. of grasses and sedges. Most o
these at some stage of ,their growth al
S ford good grazing for live stock, and
many of them, if cut at the right stage,
-.furnish a good quality of hay. Many
man who buys his hay from New Yor
or Pennsylvania. could supply,. himself
better from his own land, even if h
-'mnade no attempt at cultivation. Bu
the fashionable' idea is that all effoi
should be concentrated on certain fanc
crops, which should bring a fancy price
-- and which should enable the owner t
buy everything else with ready mone.i
- This is the case mainly with new comenr
which is the more unfortunate as the
:. are the ones that give the State its rept
S station, and such" a policy cannot by
S produce disappointment, discontent an
S tie bitter prejudice which is caused b
fiuanc;ial Io : .
: The "-old timers" are more self-reliar
S and we believe the new comes are b
ginning to have more respect for the
ways than they had two years ago. R
spect is due to experience everywhere
and we have always held that a farme
on going into a new country, should fir
learn and practice the ways of farmir
pursued in that country, and afterward
endeavor, by cautious experiments, t
improve on them.
In the next issue we shall present son
highly encouraging experiences in rai
S ing forage in Columbia and Leon count
ties, but we shall now confine our attem
lion to an interesting letter which- v
have just received from Mr. C. B. M
gruder, of Rockledge, Brevard count
With the letter came a package of nut
bered specimens of grasses which ar
S'" good for pasturage' or hay, and so co
s. idered, we infer, by the writer. E
S says: "I have just cut a crop of nati'
grasses, with wide blades, growing tv
to three feet high." This is one of tl
varieties of the common plume gras
Ancdropogoi i'iaeroaras, which, in fa
sends up the silky seed tops often gat
ered for bouquets. It is a rank, low-laI
grass, and if' cut before developing
woody stem, is good for giving bulk
f feed, though not very nutritious in itse
All.coarse feed should be produced

home, because, if imported, its cost con-
sists largely in freight. The importation
of oats and -the like is not so objectiona-

"Most of all," continues the writer,
"we value what is termed here St. Au-
gustine grass. Is it Brazilian?" It is,
and also African and Asian. In some of
the West Indies it is said to be called
horse grass; in Australia, buffalo grass;
and Dr. Phares gives the name hard
grass. In various parts of the world it is
known probably by a hundred different
names, and all more appropriate than
St. Augustine. Its botanical name is
Stenotaphrum Amnericanum. It is not
known to extend farther north than
South Carolina. It is valuable for lawn
and for winter pasture, but it is not
half as nutritious as Bermuda grass.
"No. 2 grows in tussocks, witii narrow
blades and long seed stems." This is the
smut grass, or Indian drop seed (Spore-
bolus Indicus), introduced from India
and diffused all over Florida, extending
to North Carolina. It is one of the best
of lawn and pasture grasses, especially
for dry land, but needs to be closely cut
or grazed; otherwise it becomes wiry,
unsightly and unfit for feed. If the per-
ennial roots are divided and planted, a
lawn may be made which, from April to
December, will look like a young wheat
field. The slender seed tops are subject
to a black fungus, whence the name
smut grass. "
"No. 8 grows in tussocks, with wide
blades, and with seed stems resembling
crow-foot." This is the Chloris petrcea.
A very smooth, bluish grass, the slender
stem surmounted by from three to five
seed spikes of extremely delicate struc-
ture. Except in shady places, it is nol
desirable for lawns, and there cannot be
e much nutriment in it. Chloris glauca ii
" a low-land species, with three times ai
Many spikes, and in every way mudc
_ "No. 4 has broader blades and lesi
s seed." This is Paspalun ciliatifolium
e called by Dr. Phares "purple paspalum,'
on account of its dark color. It ham
Rather broad, hairy blades, mostly
Spreading from the base, and altogethe:
a it is a rather coarse grass, and yet one o
w the most available for extensive ground
n or wooded parks. It abounds from Illinoi
and Massachusetts southward to South
; America. .
"No. 5 sends up from the ground slen
Sder blades and items, bearing ,balls o
e seeds." This is Cyperus Baldwinii, a
soft sedge in the genus with. ,the nu
grass, chufa and papyrus. There is no
is much nutriment in any of, the sedges
' -but this is less objectionable than mos
f members of 'the family.
"No. 6 is what is termed here bastanr
Bermuda grass. It grows well in low
moist ground and in crevices of rocks oe
the river shore, some of it down into th
0 salt water." This is the spike grasi
SDistichlis(Br-:ipyruimo .i*.picatim, a fin
Sand soft, but rather tough grass, conm
. mon on brackish shores. The leaves c
e' blades are close together,short and ver
a slender, and the seed tops are short an
i compact. We :were not aware that i
' was of- any value, yet some of the sal
e marsh grasses are relished by stock, an
This may be.
- 'No. 7 is one of :the- pond: weeds, Poti
y mogeton pectinatus, 'found. in India
e' river. No doubt it is relished by cattle
0 which feed on many such grass-lilt
" aquatics. .
s, Mr. Magruder concludes as follow:
y Besides the native grasses, we gro'
" -the Bermuda, Para aud Guinea grass.
t also send you a sample of corn fodde
d of which I have just cut a crop. Ha'
Y' used it for the last forty years, and coi
sider it equal to the best forage plant
ot havetried. Have tihe land rich and so
le the Florida corn in rows three feet apar
ir three bushels to the acre. When in ta
'e. sel. cut and cure. This forage, crop is
e, very important one. Properly manager
r. it will save at least half of the Westeri
st corn that is usually fed, and keep stoCI
3g in betterconditiou."

ie We hope to see the day when wo
s- aud mutton will beI classed among tl
n- staple products of Florida. There a
u- boundless ranges for sheep, and it seen
re to us that the systematic fattening
a- them might be carried on more profit
y. bly here than in the North The syste
n- of management pursued in New'Yeo:
re we find described in the Ame-riicon _Rur
n- Home, in an article devoted to the e
Ie tensive farm establishment of Mr. I
ve D. Green, situated near Rochester. Tl
mo is the paternal homestead of our excelle
he correspondent. Mr. D. R. Green, whe
sa, he spent the early portion of his life.
II, Coming to Florida from such a BchoI
h- and being possessed of great mental a,
id physical vigor, we regard him as one
a the best men in the State for carrying
to original investigations. When the E
If. periment Station is put in operate
at there will be need of men of this cla,

October 18, 1886, to
The price paid for ea(
a summary of aggreg
During that period
cocoons were sent to
which 2,148 were ree
and 901 otherwise in
paid averaged 93 cen
reelable cocoons and
whole. If the cocoo:
at home it is consider
duction would be n

Cocoons were recei
Ohio taking the lei
Michigan in quality.
States North Carolin
quantity and Florid
The weights of six
Florida and prices p
stated as follows:
85 pounds, 0 ounces
8 3 5 "
8 124 "
1 2 "
8 10 "
9 4 "

The average price
cocoons is thus sho\
cents per pound, v
with the average for
ly encouraging. It
whether, with-such
try can be made a p
hardly be soon theI
duction, but if there
encouragement the
ing the planting of
increased to any ex
The representative
Surge that the silk i
ried on as-profitably
SItaly, but it appears
the assumption tha
more here than in I
labor is the all-imp
solution of this quest
The problem is or
by the old "rule o
cost of production a
for the foreign pro
home production,
realized at home in
inunerative? Or, r
the proportion, kn
dried cocoons,and
duction in Italy,'an
SFlorida raised cuco(
93 cents per pound,
and capital can beI
t the silk industry in
STime, of course, i
an investment. A
country is worth n(
per day and a wi
fifty cents. If a
pounds of cocoons
seem that she might
her time to it; but a
he could raise 80 p
must be remember
Business is'-not a
worm having to go
' changesat stated s
not being altogethli
" spinning wheel 0
Investment in mul
permanent. ,
[ We find it stated
tion's circulars tha
Story imported, duty
d $2'.vit.0,)i60 worth.
k produced thissilk 1
ouUntry it would
000 to the incomes
-All this may- be ve
like to know what
I would be. If it w
e producers would n
e twenty millions th
a There areso mar
f accurately weighe(
s- sition on the part c
a experiments on a s
k rant definite concl
i hend it will be s
c- shall feel justified
a ion as to the adapt
is try to Florida.
t watch with intei
e which are being ca
of the Agricultura
I, Women's Associad
d latter is in Phila
,f quirieson this subj
n to its corresponding

Carey Haven.
In Florida some
al work is being

January 5, 1887. f-ac
ch lot is given and Old Tampa Pops up on the an
;ate results. Poppy Question. of
8,186 pounds of dry Editor Fmorida Farmer and .remt-Grower: an
the Association, of You are publishing a wide awake pa- so0
elable, 127 pierced, per for readers of the same sort, and I sa'
ijured. The prices would not put anything into my letters in
which would indicate that I am not try- mi
ts per pound for the ing to keep up with the procession. I ki]
d 77 cents for the am for progress. I am experimenting are
ns could be reeled all the time. The agriculture of our wl
red that their State, and especially of the "deep sand" are
d end of it, is in a sort of tentative condi- co
nuch more profita- tion. We are peculiarly a people of
.. schemes and schemers, and the FLORIDA
lived from 25 States, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER is doing
.. fine, practical service in sifting the chaff
ad in quantity and from the wheat. hc
. Of the Southern There has been a good deal of money in
a sent in the largest sunk in impractical schemes in Florida. up
la the best quality. Nearly every neighborhood has a monu- o
S. 'ment to one of them. Every little while m
Slots received fro some crank comes along, who has trav- at
aid for the same are eled all over the world and Florida is de
just the place he has been hunting for. I
S He unfolds just the scheme for making a m
$5.00 fortune that we have all been looking .e
S. .. 1.41 for, and he gets "inside figgers" on a hi
. 2:62 piece of land. The county paper booms i e
S79the enterprise. The Times-Union para-
.... ". graphs it, and-and that is all one ever p
. 2.92 hears of itl Such is the history of half cr
. 9.50 a dozen-schemes I have noted within the l
obtained for Florida past year.
obtaNned for Florida ow here is a Professor Somebody tP
vn to have been 98 claiming that four thousand dollars can b
which as compared be cleared from one acre of land in pop-
.,other States, is high- pies. Thousands of persons write toa
remin* t be Stat n him for information, showing that there
,remains to be sh n are a great many people in the State C
returns, the indiis- who are on the ragged edge of financial "
profitable one. It can uncertainty. These are the very persons a
S" n"cal pro-f r who should be warned not to waste their a
present scale of pro- time and labor in raising a crop of Pa- n
a is seen to be any paver somniferum. Sweet potatoes at d
Production, involv- seventy-five cents per bushel will beat '
mulberries, can -be it to death. At. any rate waitaud inves-
. t tigate the actual results of the sanguine a
ten a Professor's twenty acres in poppies.' co
resof this Association He seems to regard the matter as set- t
industry, can be car- tIled because he has seen poppies grow-
y in this country as in ing wild on the East Coast. The fact is,
Sthat .hey argue us on thepoppy flourishes even in neglected
s.ta..y ag ,n yards and gardens from Maine to Texas.
it labor is worth no Twenty years ago there was an opium
Italy. The value of boom in Vermont and good many went e
ortant factor in the into it quite heavily. The opium poppy c
. tion. t hais also been grown to some extent in s1
-be' New York, Connecticut and Pennsylva- tu
teto be worked out uia. In 1.i;5 a gentleman from my old a
f three:" given the State sent five ounces of the finest g
abroad, the pr~ce paid opium to Washington, where -it was i
c.t,. a e ot .o analyzed and found to be equal to the c
uc, an e cost o East Indian product. (See Report of t
what price must be Department of Agriculture, 1875, 'p. sa
order to render it re- 149.) To what extent opium is pro-. o
eversing the terms of duced in the United States at the pres- r
nowing the price, of ent time, I am not informed; but, corn- ,,
goPnmon sense would indicate that if the t
the cost of their pro- business was one-tenth- is profitable as d
d assuming that dried our Professor claims, it would long ago
ons may be sold for have become a wide spread industry. i
S.t ime 'Now as to the claim of- the learned
what amount of P te Professor that by his "formula" opium w
profitably invested in can be cheaply manufactured but of the (
i this State? entire plant, I will say that if he sub a
must be regardedai stantiates his claim,:I will be among the
ma' tme i ts firstto gointo poppies. Meanwhile be
mas time i is W asting his time, in Florida. He
ot less than one dollar, should pack his grip and go back to
Oman's not less than India where his simple "formula" would
woman can raise 15 be worth millions to him. c TA_ .
inamonth 'it would ODeT' MPA.
in a month it would BAYVIEW, Fla., J-ine 27, 187.
it afford to give up ___-----
1mancould not unless Hot Days and Cold Facts.
pounds per month. It r t dai? Farmer ond F rait- Gou'er:
ed, however, that the This is the eighth day that the mercury
continuous one, the has ranged in the nineties during the
) through, its various hours of daylight. In the parlor of our
Seasons or intervals-- caravansary we can boast of 98 degrees
eaons orlbe ike at 6 p. m. I took refuge for the after-
r controllable, like noon in the basement dining room. and
)n-the other hand, the found it 10 degrees lower there. Still,
berrvy groves, etc., is Keokuk, the city of grass, trees, knobs,
canons and ravines, with the Father of
: Waters coursing on three sides of her,
ihnoneofthe Associa- keeps cool in spirit. : :
t "last Near this cdun- My sole employment of the afternoon's
free, of reeled silk brief leisure has been the reading of your
cocoon h-lb editorial work in thepaper:of June 15th,
If the ocoos with a little seasonable reflection on tlhe
i,.id been raised in this merits of peaches, Honey and 1Peen-to.
have added .115 i',),- The "frozen truth" contained in "W's."
of tihe farming class letter in the Journal of Commerce liad a
bu. we wol cooling effect on me. Florida has suf-
ry true, but we ould feared a long day of shrinking from cold
the cost of production facts, and want of .frank consideration
ere ten millions, the of her possibilities and impossibilities.
nake a fair profit; if The "you tickle me. and. i'll tickle
.ey .udl. you" policy is bearing its fruit, which
eywouldlse, may prove perennial. Mutual admira-
ny considerations to be tion has been sown tod long on her soil,'
d, and so little dispo- and it will take t'me to repair exhausted
of the people to make patience and confidence. .We are glad
ae sien -that your valid criticism of California
scale sufficient to war- dinot end in that State. Long live
usions, that we appre- the FLORIDA FaRMER AND FRUIT-OROW-
ome years before we. ER. ; A
iii e en o_'pi K -- ... Iow, .un18 18 A. F. a

in expressing an opin- : e .8 ...
tabili EOKUK, Iowa, June .t8,J. 18.87
ability of this indus-
Meanwhile, we shall The "Calamity Liars."
reat the experiments The Tampa Tribune waxes eloquent
carried on with the aid in discussing Florida's grievances:
1 Department and-the In 1883 a cold wave fell upon Florida,
ion The office of the and did much damage, but the news of
o o. .lithat cold was immediately snatched up,
delphia, and any in- with exaggeration, andsent out on the
ject may be addressed lightning wings of the telegraph,
iag secretary Mrs V. through all the States and Territories.
The news was received with many signs
S :. of rejoicing nearly everywhere.. '"Flor-
escellent experiment- ida is ruined," was sneeringly if not ex-
carried o(n at Spring ultingly sounded. But Florida did not


who have a natural love of the soil and
of investigation, and a good agricultural
education derived both from books and
from practical experience.


From Mrs. Ellen Call Long, the repre-
sentative for Florida of the Women's
Silk Culture Association, we have re-
ceived a number of circulars describing
the progress of this philanthropic work.
One of these circulars is of especial in-
terest, being a statement of the exact
weight of each lot of cocoons received at
the central office in Philadelphia from

Garden, Volusia county, by Comn. E.
Hart Norris, who is endeavoring to build
up a silk colony by offering special in-
ducements to settlers. We understand
that the Department of Agriculture will
give some active assistance to this en-
terprise, and that Corn. Norris will push
the work with increased energy. In-
quiries may be addressed to the superin-
tendent of the cocoonery, Mrs. Lucy M.
Fox, Spring Garden; Fla. Workers of
this class are just what Florida needs,
and they should be given a large meas-
ure of encouragement and assistance.


g, the people did not cry for help. to the raising of jute. Half of the acreage&-
:e men of pluck they met the crisis, which has been planted in cotton 'last '
orida has been devastated by Indian season will be replaced with grain, oats,
ds as no other region has been, but etc. We learn that a good many will
Shas never cried for bread to feed her give their attention to jute.
rving people. _- *-.-
ther new States cannotsay the same Government Whitewash. _
ng, Men yet live who remember
en Kansas sent forth her begging pe- This is so-called because it is: said to be
ons based upon drought and grass- used on the 'President's house in Wash-
ppers. Minnesota and Nevada have ington, and is prepared and used as fol-
ayedfor aid to save then] froiwstaidva- lows: .'
n, because their crops had failed from To make five gallonsof '.rilliantMstucco
oughts and depredations of locusts, whitewash for buildings inside and out,
xas is now begging for bread from the take six quarts of clean lumps of -well
ne causes. Nature has stamped upon burnt stone lime; slack with hotwater
ose regions its marks .of droughts and in a covered tub, to keep in the steanm.
custs, tornadoes and death dealing It should then be pa-sed through a fine
ld, scorching wind andfreezing north- si'ev to obtain the fil.ur of lime; add
-. Yet men who should know the one-fourth of a pound of burnt alum.
its are marching into these regions, pulherzed: one pound of sugar: three
d their papers are sneiing'at the sand ,itof rice i flour nade into a thin,
Florida; a single white frost is mag- well boiled.starch orJ elly; and one pound
led into a Greenlandic ruin by them, of glue dissolved in ho:,t water.
d yet words of painful anguish re- Tins may be applied cold on inside
Und and prayers for help go forth to work, but for outside work it should be
ye those who have built their cabins applied warm. A whitewash thus made
the valleys where devastating rivers is said to be more brilliant than plaster
ay flow, where parching heats may of Paris, and to retain its brilliancy ,
11 all. vegetation. Folly and ignorance many years. It should be put on with a
e to be pitied for their folly, but those common painter's bru.h. a second coat
hao refuse to heed warnings of danger oeing applied after the first is welldnied.
e always punished. Let the beggars -Ex.
me to Florida. -* "
met F : Hints to CorresDondents.
The Fruit Auction System. The readers of the FLORIDA FARMER
The building up of a successful auction AND FRUIT-GROWER are respectfully in-
>ise requires thle seasoning and ripen- vitedtocontribute to its columns articles
g of time. It takes years of labor and and notes on all subjects pertaining to
)right dealing to secure the confidence the farm, garden, orchard and house-
Sconsignors and buyers, and it de- hold affairs. The range of topics which
rands, also, specially trained faculties will be discussed in this journal maybe
id business ability of a very high or- gathered from the subjoined table, which
er. % I"- may serve to suggest what might other-
In the fruit traffic a new auction house wiie escape attention:
ust enter into sharp rivalry' with the FARM MANAt.ENMNT.
adding and long established auction .. .
house of Brown & Seccomb, which now leaning land, draining land crops forve
lls the entire Mediterranean: fruit im- 1 new land, su-cession of crops, inte 'sive
)rts coming to New York, and a large farming, treatment of different soils,
proportion ofthe Florida or dmeic resting land, soiling vs. pa.sturing, cow-
rop of oranges, etc. Their business penning, green manuring.
taethods are crystallized into a system, DM'ESTiC ANIMALS.
vhich is the result of long, practical ex- Horses, mules, cattle, hogs. sheep,
erience. They are widely known, and poultry-Breeds, feed, diseases, treat-
ieir sales draw crowds of responsible meant.
In order successfully to handle the or- Cotton seed], cotton seed meal, barn-
nges and other products of Florida and yard manure, guano, ground bone, su-
Dalifornia, a new auction house must per-phosphate'" gypsum. lime, kainit,-
rst convince shippers that it can pro fit- ashes. marl, muck, leaf mould, comrn-
bly dispose of them, and it must also posts. -
ttract buyers and formulate such busi- FORAGE CROPS. ; -
ess methods as will secure their confi- BDa" ras crab rass Para grass
ence and parronage. Hereare two fac- Gui eUagrass Terraell grass aorcarad
ors difficult to reconcile-to secure con- r dgpgras.,Johnr-on grass, Texa
ignments without a buying patronage, gss rePtpas, Johnsn gras Tex
nd to secure buyers without attractive le grass, pearl ilet, German millet,.
-Outgnetst ofr he.H vr u maiie. kaffir'corn, teosinte. sorg-
o nsignments to offer them.E However, hum, fodder corn, cow peas, desmodi-
ime and good mangement might, in a Mexican clover, lespedeza, alfalfa,
measure, overcome t ese difficulties.- Jmlilotu s.
Market Journal. STAPLE CROPS.
Comm cial Fertilienps. 'p Corn, oats, rye, wheat-Varieties,
Co ercal Frtlz yield per acre, soil and season, difficul-
While it may be a question with farm- ties encountered, general treatment. '
rs whether it-,will pay to use commer- Cotton-Long and Short Staple- Plant-
ial fertilizers or uot, there can be no ing and culture, marketing crop, man-
uch question with intelligent horticul- agement of seed, products from the
urists. All that we receive for a crcp seed.
above cost is profit, and bthe only way to Sugar Cane and Sorghunm-Varieties,
et more profit is to reduce the cost or culture, making syrup and sugar, condi-
ncrease the selling price. The latter we tlon of market.
annot'do: We may, however, reduce Tobacco-Varieties, history iu Florida,!
he cost by raising better crops with the recent experiences, seed, culture manu-
ante labor and on the same area. In facture.
order to do this we must make the land FRnrrs.
icher, so that our labor will produce Citrus Fruits-Conmparison of varie
we or three times the crop and perhaps ties. hardiness and productiveness, meth-
en times the profit. Stable manure will ods of propagation, methods of planting
do this, andif one has enough of it he and culture, comparative effects of fer-
will need little or no commercial fertil- tilize-rs. marketing of fruit, preservation
zer. r of fruit wine and other products.
There are times, however, when. -it Peach, pear, fig, persimmon, Japan
vould cost less to purchase and apply lum, Kelsev plum, native plum, mul-
commercial fertilizers than it would to berry, quince, apricot, guava, :banana.
ipply stable manure if one had it, in the pineapple sapodilla, mango, avocada,
yard. Ten pounds of nitrate of soda, pear, cococaut, pecan, English walnut,
worth thirty cents, may be worth more almond, pomegranate, olive, grape
n raising celery plants, or some early strawberry,, blackberry, raspberry-Va-
megetable, than two loads of manure, rieties, their characteristics, effects of
Sometimes a person is obliged to plant a soil weather, etc., best methods of
crop on land that be cannot manure at culture.,-
the time. 'His only chance in such a NATrVE TEES AND HERBS.
case is to apply some commercial fertil- ornament or utility,
izer which-may enable him to raise a Planting trees for ornament or utility,
which may enable him to raise a the burning over of forest lands, the
pa crop.
When one wants to apply plant food lumber and turpentine industries, the
with a view of getting most of it back tanning industry, phenomena otf plant
in the first crop, commercial fertilizers life, weeds and noxious plants.
offer him the only chance. Sometimes N. B.-Specimens may be sent to the
Here is a great accumulation of potash editor for idetification. Information in
and phosphoric acid in the soil of old desired respecting popular names and
gardens, and all that is needed to make uses. FLOWER GARDEN.
It productive is an application of two or FLOWER RDEN.
three pounds of nitrate of soda to the Plants adapted to this climate, out-
square rod.-Allegan Gazette, door culture, management of green-
house. :
Editor Florida Fnrmer and Pruf.t-G-aower: Nature of damage done and remedies.
A farmer who has fed beans to cattle mscELL&NEoA.r S SUBJECTS.
and also to sheep, says he prefers them Bees and bee plants, silk culture and
to grain. He also says there is no rem- the mulberry, hunting and fishing, dogs
edy so effectual in garget, and if farmers and dog laws, fences and roads, legisla-
would feed them occasionally there tion for farmers, homestead laws, trans-
would be loss disease among cattle, and portation, marketing produce, experi-
fewer three-teated cows. It is also a mental farms, agricultural education,
good remedy for gargol in hogs, ald home manufactures, natural history
they will seldom have an ailment if fed of Florida, historic points, sanitary ad-
on them once a day. The cow pea an- vice, farm buildings, house furnishing,
swers this purpose admirably, farm machinery, farm implements,
ARGUS. water supply, cooling appliances, re-
cipes for cooking, home decorations
Jute Culture in Texas. household economy, mineral and earths,
The following is from the Austin climatology, hints on the care of chil-
Statesman: dren, on dress, habits, reading, amuse-
Your correspondent interviewed Wm. ments. etc.
Eule, and other leading farmers to as- In treating of the above and related
certain their opinions of raising jute as subjects, practical experience is much to
a till plant. All are enthusiastic over be preferred to theoretical know,
the result of their trials with the plant, edge; yet there are topics needing dis-
No doubt no less than 500 acres will be cussion which have to be treated of
planted this coming season in this neigh- from a somewhat theoretical stand-
borhood. Jute is a plant which will ooint.
stand all the disadvantages of a bad sea- We do "not desire letters written mere-
son which would ruin a cotton crop. ly in praise of special localities unless
Repeated trials have shown that a net claims to favor are based on tbe products
profit of $40 per acre can be earned by or productiveness of the soil. Articles
raising jute, especially when planted in of an animated or vivacious style are de-
rich cotton land. Jute should be plant-: sirable by way of variety, but practical
ed in April or May, and is ripe to be cut statements and descriptions should be
in July, when the faiiner s ill receive the concise and as much to the point as pos-
money for his product, which is consid- sible. %
ered his hardest time, in place of wait- All communications for the editorial
ing until September for funds. No department should he addressed to
farmer should fail to give his attention EDITOR FARMER AND FRUiT-GKROWE.t

*. ,__ ., ^ ^., -. ^ .- ^ .r-' -M- *-7 '' "i r-,,1,.- ,




With a helping hand and a Welcome for all
Who wish to be friendly and make us a call;
With words of good counsel for old friends and
Who come to us seeking the best way to do.
All questions of general interest will be
answered through these columns.
Personal inquiries will be answered by mail
-when accomp tnled by stamp for reply..
Subscribers are cordially Invited to take a
seat in our Cosy Corner, and exchange views,
experiences and recipes of mutual benefit.
"Help ye one another."
Communications intended for publication
must be brief, clearly written, and only on
one side of the paper.
All matter relating to this department
should be addressed to.
Fla. Farmer and Fruit-Grower.
Montclair, Fla.

Our Cosy Corner.

Here she comes-"one on 'em"-the
truant sisters, we mean, and right glad
are we to hear her knocking at the door
of Our Cosy Corner, with her welcome
suggestions as to bow she has been try-
ing to make the best of it, and "killing
two birds with one stone"-coaxing
beauty out of rough surroundings. and
at the same time saving work:
_Dear Sisters of Our Home Circle:
I think we have all of us reason to be
very grateful to the cheering haud that
guides our charming Circle, and I, for
one, have found so many valuable sug-
gestions there for making articles for
home decoration, that are pretty, useful
and inexpensive, so many that have been
acceptable to me, that in return I venture
to tell of one or two of my own con-
trivances in that line, as we are so kindly
urged to do.
Desiring to hide the roughness of my
mantelpiece. I made a deep lambrequin,
using black cambric and small colored
pictures, furniture gimp and brass tacks.
The pictures were pasted on the cam-
bric, pressed till dry. and the whole then
finished with a coat of shellac ior other;)
varnish. I made the lambrequin ih two
pieces, one overlapping the other, the
.under one the deepest, and the gimp and
tacks were used to tack them on the
shelf. The surface of the shelf I covered
with crimson cambric, stretched tightly
over it. When this gets shabby, 1 mean
to sandpaper the mantel and paint it
white, making it hard and glossy, as I
think the effect will be even prettier
than with the crimson top, though that
is very rich and pretty.
Cut out of stiff pasteboard a couple of
vases, sewing the pieces together, then
paste moss from the hammocks, the
short green mosses, on the outside, and
twine a spray or .two of the grey moss
round them and fill them with our
Florida grasses. Until you try. you can
have no idea how beautiful and graceful
these rustic vases will b'e on your man-
tel.- EB ] -;. .- .
To save time and trouble in wasliing
window curtains, I cut white and all
colors of tissue paper into all the odd
or pretty shapes I can invent, and paste
them on 'the Vindow panes with t-weet
oil. They intercept the-light very little
where light papers are used, and the
darker colors can be made to soften an
ugly glare. They have almost the effect.
of stained glass, if carefully put on, and,
.- of course, washing the window panes is
saved, too: dusting occasionally with a
feather duster keeps them clean.
I wanted something for a rug to throw
over me when lying on the lounge, and
did not want togo to any expense to get
So-1 just took one of the heavy woolen
shawls I used to need before I came to mild.
Florida, and cut it in two; then I laid a
thin layer of cotton wadding on it and
stitched the edges of the two sides to-
gether, putting a narrow fringe all
around it, and then sewed through it,
here and there, a few buttons to keep
the wadding in place. I would have
liked to stitch it like quilting, but did
not know how to mark off the lines. -
We can tell how that is done; it. is very
easy, once you know...
Lay your rug on the floor and pin the
corners, or tack them, so it will lie
smooth and even; then get a piece of
strong string and a lump of chalk.
Chalk the string thoroughly, then get
some one to take one end of the string
and hold it very firmly, right 'down on
one corner of the rug take te other end
yourself and hold it down on the corner
diagonally opposite- to this, pull it as
hard as tou can: with one hand. then
reach ot with the other towards the
centre of the string, lift it straight tip,
.then let go. If tight.. it will fly back on.
the rug with a snap, and raising ir. you
will find a clear, white line marked on
the material. Then, if. you want the
next line to.be two, three or four inches
apart.,- measure that. distance from the
first-line, stretch the chalked line-again
and proceed as before until all are marked
out. Then, by starting from the other
.two diagonal-cornes,- your-willthavethbe-
- rug nicelyL marked-"for' stitcmhig- in
o. .squares or diamonds: .Tuft at the cross
Lines, and you will have as neat and
i handsome a uilted' -rug as any one need
want. -
.'--We have a silk one made in this way,
which has, been id constant usae by an
-: invalid for over fifteen years and it is
.- now ready for re-covering.' ou- -
t P, e a' -
"-'-h. ereaihig s vsmh Practicing.
"Ther is" s-o much of the' first in this
6rld,-atid -o little of .thdlatter going
: hand'in hand with it, that oit is enough
.-. to.gi ve one thd'heirta'che, isn't it? .
'--:-:,We_'see it everywhere,/no mater
.."where we turn "and "in no :placw more
't.-han. tnain the every-day Jife.of our house-
" Olds,--. / ." ';" : ."-
' gr'__teach'in~g .one. _"t hingi-to-. a: -Nlild; _-'yet
'--'.the'mselve's p.racticuing. the direct oppo-
.. site- to such teac-hmguuocou'a y, .tu
: -._.pmost.-cases, but' w hether,-,so ior nob; it

i '?;:.' '-t,.-'- -... -._ -- -' _

should always be remembered that the
child is observant, and will wonder over
what it sees all the more so that it can-
not understand why what is wrong for
it may be right for older people.
We were led into this train of thought,
not only by things we have seen in our
"goings to and fro" in the world, but by
these few significant lines below, which
it were well for some of us to pause and
ponder over, for its import is not a light
one, to be carelessly treated.
Read between the lines; it is fraught
with import for the future weal or woe
of your children,-for how can you expect
an intelligent being to heed your counsuls
when you disregard them yourself?
A small boy having highly respectable
parents brought home a bag of marbles,
and on being asked how hn came by
them, replied that he had played "for
keeps." He was lectured on the sin of
gambling and forced to return his ill-
gotten gains. A night or two later a pro-
gressive euchre party was in order, and
the prizes bought for the occasion stirred
the family pride to a considerable degree.
The small boy duly admired them, and
then went to bed previous to the guests'
arrival. In the morning the prizes were
nowhere to be seeu, and ou inquiry as
to their disposition, he was told that the
people % ho won them had carried them
away. Then lie naturally asked: '"Isn't
that playing for keeps?-Springfield Re-

Answers to Correspondents.
T. W., Louisville, Ky.. writes: --Will
you kindly favor several subscribers by
giving, through the Home Circle. such
information as you may possees. con-
cerning the town of Melrose, on Lake
Santa Fe, as to its productions, health,
It so happens that we can, of our own
personal knowledge. give this place a
very good character. It is one of the
healthiest and most beautifully located
towns in Florida, surrounded by a high,
rolling country, on the very backbone of
our peninsula, and with an abundance
of water protection in numerous lakes,
large and small, to the north and west
of it.
Some of the finest and oldest orange
groves in Florida are located in'tbat im-
mediate section. Grapes, peaches, figs,
plums, pears, strawberries., vegetables are
in their element thete.
Melrose is now reached by steamer (ten
miles across the lake, from the railroad
at Waldo. Several railroads are rap-
idly approaching "bonnie Melrose,"
which will soon become of no small com-
mercial importance. It is already a fa-
vorite spot for winter residents from the
Mrs. W. J. N., Micco, Brevard Co.:
Your welcome letter for the benefit of
Our Home Circle is just- at hand, and
will fill its niche in the Coay Corner next
week. We are heartily rejoiced that
our sisters'are at last finding out that
they can help one another. Every help-
ful idea thrown- abroad is."tbread'cast
upon the waters.'"., ..
The Family Friend.
The Family Friend.

We pour .from our cornucopia this
week a budget of items which our friends
up at the North Pole and thereabouts
"would not give a fig .for." but all the
same. we are sure our Florida friends
will find them useful.
We regret that we are not able to
comply with the request of D. R. isee
last issueland republish the article on
fig drying that appeared in the Florida
Agriculturist nearly two years ago, it
having been mislaid, but we reproduce
its salient points below:
The fig, as a crop, has not yet been
sufficiently tested in Florida to deter-
mine whe' her the tree will conduct itself
exactly as it does in Europe, especially
in the matter of its double crop. Here,
as there, the tree usually bears two
crops, but there the two crops are rarely
of equal value: either tie first or second
crop. sometimes one, sometimes the
other, will be worthless, according to
the variety of the fig. For instance, in
Europe, the Lisbon and Adriatic bear a
poor first crop, while the second is very
fine and abundant; and the Royal, on
the other hand, produces a splendid first
crop, while the second is of no value at
In France, the drying of figs is an ex-
tensive business, yet only certain vari-
eties can be raised there, and- those not
.the finest, because the latter require a
longer warm season than France can
supply; but that the soil and climate of
three-fourths of Florida are especially
adapted to the culture of the finest figs.
there can no longer be any doubt: enough
has been already accomplished to prove
this fact.
Says Gustav Eisen, the California nur-
seryman. in the Florida Agriculturist:
"'The drying of figs i,6 practiced in all
the Mediterranean countries, especially
Spain, Pot rugal, Morocco, Sicily, Turkey.
and principally in Asia Minor. -As far
as can be learned, there are at least five
distinct varieties used for drying, and
the best are sold and shipped as Smyrna
.flgs,.'th6u'gh .they may n ot Ihav.e'been
grown directly in Sriyrna or its imme-
diate vicinity.'.' Some of these varieties
must be, at the proper time, cut from
the trees with a.knife; others, again, are
'let remain on the trees until they drop
bn the ground. If pulled or torn, these
fine figs.are apt to spoil; the -air enters
through the~ cracks:-or. torn parts, and
the figs sour and do not,,dry. The. Portu-
gese fig raisers -employ a long bamboo
cane, split at the rid and thie fork slightly
held open. : Thie-joint end of the cane
forms a little cup. and, by passing the
forked' part over the stem of the fig. the
latter is cut `off -arid' falls' into the cup,
without.being:bruised.-. Similar or bet-
ter contrivances:, iday .be-"invehted in
.this cquntrj, as figs,.as.a rule, should be
"cut from the branches and. handled as
little as possible 'so a to- preserve the
bliom.". '.
- Looking overan illustrated catalogue.
*of hottceultural itmplementse the oth er
day, ie saw'-' one'of: these very- onfrcinv-
t- -_ '- -: .-- -

ances-a small wire basket on a pole,
with an arrangement for cutting the
fruit, so that it would fall into the bas-'
ket-just the thing, we should judge, for
the fig grower. And now how to use the
figs. directions for which we cull entire
from "Florida Fruits:" -
Gather the figs (dry, not wet with rain
6r dew) when the skins begin to crack-
which is a sign of maturity, and that the
fruit contains the largest amount of
saccharine matter-make a strong lye of
oak ashes, or common cooking soda, dis-
solved in hot water; dip the figs quickly
(in a wire basket) into the hot liquid, and
remove immediately; expose to the air
for a minute or two, and repeat the dip-
If the lye is hot and strong enough the
color of the fig will immediately change,
the dark varieties to a bright green, and
the pale colored to a pale green. Place
the figs upon trays made 'of wooden
slabs, and expose to:the sun, taking care
not to allow the dew to fall upon them.
. After a few days they are ready to be
put away in small wooden boxes; first
put a layer of spice, laurel or bay leaves
at the bottom and another at the top;
put the lid on tightly to keep insects
An evaporator will greatly facilitate
the drying process [in fate. is almost in-
dispensable iu Florida.-ED.]. but great
care must be taken not to give too much
heat. So soon as the figs show signs of
secreting syrup, too much: heat has been
applied, and they will make only an in-
ferior article. so watch closely. Turn
the fruit if it seems to require it [it
should not in an evaporator, lioweer],
and it is also well to press it lightly with
the hand to flation it, but be careful not
to break the skin.
The figs are sufficiently dried. when,
upon flattening them out at the stalk
end, they do not crack open: don't let
them harden.
The. best Turkish figs, after drying, are
put in wire L,akets, and for a second im-
mersed in boiling salt water isea water
or its counterpart in strength). This
moisteus it. iusures the destruction of
any insect eggs that might have sur-
vived the drying process, counteracts
the "dead sweetness" of the fruit, and
gives it that white, crusted appearance
with which we are all familiar in im-
ported figs of the best quality. It looks
like sugar, but scrape it off and taste it,
then you will be convinced. These figs
are pulled and flattened out as they are
packed, the packer's hands being kept
moist with salt water; the figs are pressed
tight into the boxes.
Another mode of packing is not to
press the figs at :ll, hut to fold the stalk
end under, also the sides, so as to shape,
and pack in a square. The figs fil closely
and look more attractive than the ordi-
nary way. Light colored varieties are
preferred for drying, but some of the
dark skinned are very good, especially
the Brown Turkey.
.Pick the fruit with the stem'slefton; it
must be maturpd;,bu cnot very soft. Place
it in a jar, sprinkle the layers With salt in
the proportion of half a pound to a peck
of lg b il wt t over

Uot u
and I
the f

let it stand twelve houfs. Then put
ruit in a colander, and rinse with
r, cold water; fill jars with the figs,
strong vinegar, add a quarter of a
d of sugar to each quart, boil and
the hot vinegar over the fruit. In
g the jars with the fruit, cinnamon
, cloves, or any other spices desired,
Id be scattered through it.
ore anon.

Our Young Folks' Corner, large cakes of ice were forty-two inches
Thick. The water raised here at Morris-
ITS STANDINGO OFFER. burg so that the water from the river
- A nice picture book each month to the boy ran into the canal. The mills had to
orgirlwhosendsusthelargestlisLto'subscrib- stop running, the water was so high. On
GsowER" during ibat month-. Sunday fourteen boat houses floated
A beautifully bound copy of the famous away from Morrisburg.
children's ,agazlune,St. Nicholas, to the boy Wishing the cousins a great deal of
or girl wbe sends ius the largest number of gr
subsc.ribers during six months, happiness,
Write us letters descriptive of places, things Yours truly,
or doings: write us on one side the page; give B. H. CARMAN.
your alpe..-
The nest letter -ecelved will be published (Age, 12 years.)
each week. *
Now go to work and see who wins A WALL POCKET.
AN IOY SUBJECT. A novel style.of wall pocket has a
From far off Canada comes one of our crescent and a full, circular-shaped piece
young cousins to tell u; of a terrible ice of cardboard for its foundation. The
gorge that made sad havoo near his pres- circular piece is covered with peacock-
ent home. I say present, because, as bluesatin, and the crescent wib golden-
you will see, he will soon be one of us, a brown salin, and the parts are joined
real Florida cousin. We have plenty of together with over-and-over stitches: a
room for him and his, and many more of row of gold cord edges the circular piece
the same sort. and is tied in loops at the point of sus-
wHe will uot find any ice gorges here, pension, theendsof he cord beingtipped
though, for we "dou't' grow 'em." We with gold tassels. The circular piece
got gorged with ice ourselves a year ago has on it a branch of te nasturtium
last January, and that was quite enough vine, with dark-red and bright-yellow
to last for several generations to come. flower. .
No more. King Frost, thank you. Made according to these directions,
There are among our cousins many this wall pocket will be handsome and
who will hardly be able to realize ex- nice enough to give for a'present, but
actly what. such a mass of ice as our out young cousins can make it of much
Canadlian cousin tells us about really cheaper,materials and still have a very
looks like, for they have either never pretty ornament.
seen ice at 11, or else just in the hundred "
pouni blocks that come from the ice .
factory, which factory. is not a bit like BU'BS OF THE MAGGIE. PEACH
the big one that King Frost runs up at .- ,
the North Pole, for that one factory Fuinihed at l per hundred, 8 per thousand,
:iurnsofi6l;ieoughl tb-supply all the great. ire hundred a6 one thousand rates-. ,.
Noi-th with'much more ice than it needs. Address,.
But though some of o.ur cousins may P.C. MINNICK, -
never have seen these great fields of ice Waldo, Fla
from King Frost's factory,'1 don't believe ,
that any .of them would treat a block of -
ice as did a nman I knew 'f in South rANTED .
America. A tenant who understands the rearing and
Of course-there is no natural ice there; shipment of garden truck and fruit, to cultivate
it is as warm all the year round as it is a large farm and orange groves on shares. Best
here in summer. So it had to be brought of brmmock laid an nual product or
rthe r ano factor about I00,0o.orange6a A man with twoor threo
froin the North, for there wa' no factory boys large enough and not afraid to work can
on the spot to make it; hear ofia rare chance by application to the un-
The fitst ship-load -of. ce was, there- .d Ferce -uat e,. J. H. VISER.
fore, a great event. None of the natives
had ever seen such .a thing before, and .
.so all of them wanted a piece. Fali1' Poaltry adH11 HitlIlg DOS,
Did you ever notice how your lhanod
feels after holding a piece of ice in it for Eggs For Hatching From Leading Va-
a while? It really seems as if it was be- rieties of Domesticated Land
iug. burned, instead of frozen. If you and Water Fowl.
did riot know, itw.ould be hard to. tell, $-1 E 13 --
just from the.senstion. AlTorouubredYogSeerad Hounds.
S ber as -born in Cuba, and Ao Thoroughbred Young Setterseand Hounds.1
-. o n Cuba, and address VILLA ZAza PoLTrn YARDs,.D-
ne't-esay ice or.snow till he was brought ,, Manatee, Fla..

Grape Vines

Suited to the Soil and Climate of

Grown and for Sale at

E. DUBOIS, Manager.
Stn.ad u' Cai .:.gu an. ord ?r ,arly. Send, also,
lo r Prida- WLi ns.

Florida Wines.

to the United States, a little boy. The
first time he went out to play in the snow
he ran in the house in a great hurry,
crying that "the white stuff had burnt
And'that was just what some of those
South. American natives thought when
they took hold of the lImps of ice they
had brought from the ship's cargo.
But the funniest thing of all was how
they complained of its being wot.
This one particular man I mentioned
just now objected so strongly to taking
ilie wet stuff into his liut. that he Eat it
down in the dqpr to dry in tlie sun.
Well, the sun did its duty-it dried
the ice, and when the mau went atter it
an hour or.so later, he ran away again
in-a great rage to hunt up "the hliief
that had stolen his ice."
You may not' believe it, but it's a true
story. And now I will step -aside and
give place to our Canadian cousin to tell
us about.
MORRISBURG, Ont., June 14, 1887. -
Dear Cousin Helen:
My papa takes the FLORIDA FARMER
AN[, FRauII--GR:oWER, and reads the let-
lets of the cousins to mamma. brother
and sister. I like to hear them Papa
wants to take us all to Florida this fall.
I think you will like to hear about the
big ice gorge in the St. Lawrence river
last winter. It commenced by some
Americans on Croils Island, six miles
east of Morrisburg, cutting out the ice
iu a large bay and swinging itacross the
river until it tested against the Canadian
shore; then the ice floating down the big
rivet from the lakes rested against the
ice bridge and formed a gorge, or jam,
six miles in length.
Sometimes the swift running water
will cause the ice to shove, when it will
pile up in little ranges, like mountain
ranges. Papa took mamma. Herman
and I [parse that, cousin,] in a carry-all to
see the jam. The carry-all was all filled
up with bear-skin robes, and we all had
to wear furs to keep warm. We had
a very fast black pony; when we came
to a pitch hole he would go as fast as lie
could, and send us all on the dash of the
carry-all. After a time we would get
fixed up again until we came to another
pitch hole: the same thing would happen
again. But we became better prepared
to enter the pitch holes on out' return.
Pitch holes are caused by snow drifts
making high billsof snow, which become
worn down by many sleighs passing
through them. They are often fouror five
feet deep. Some horses .want to go
through them quick; that was the fault
of our horse. The young people always
kiss going through them-the wave-like
motion going through them causes this,
and brings their heads close together
[ohl isn't that dreadful, Cousin H.?]
Soon we began to see the effects of the
ice. It raised the waterover the bridges
many feet. injuring several. One place
we bad to turn out in the fields forabout
a mile; this was where the damage to
the buildings was done. When the ice
shoved, it, went so fast it cut right
through half of a first- story of a laugh
house, taking with it bedding, bureaus
and all, leaving the upper part all right.
At, another time it'- shoved into the
kitchen of a house, upsetting the stove,
which set the house on fire and burned
it down. When the ice went away it
took with it a small house. Another
house was completely upset. This is
only a part of the damage. Our Ameri-
can friends came in for their share, too.
The ice was piled up in every conceiva-
ble shapeand-position. Large cakes of
thick ice was piled up in ridges as high
as a t twoft.buildmr a S. rrrnA fS tha







Buds not pla."dJ on small stocks, but on extra
lIIrge and fine o-e.

We mials a sp~e'ialty of the
-.E.RLY SP.AN[4E R.t,;E----
i.tle earliest variety known).

Has the Exclusive Franchise of the

A .


the Largest and 'Only Efficient News Service in
thle ,ouritry. .A-4 .


and can show trees or the latter tiat stood the A SPECIAL TELEGRAPHIC SERVICE

e'Ad last winter as well as the Orange, and

Send for Catrihigue.

Wti"" Park Fla

P. 0.





Get our Prices before buying.

Genuine Washiigl0n and Double Imperial Navels

Order Now if you wish to be in time.
We offer for Fall and Winter Deliverv a choice
Also, the VILLA FRANCA, best and hardiest o0
Lemons. Also, Early Spanish, Jaffa, Majorca,
Malta Oval, and nearly all varieties of Orange,
Lemon and Lime. 'We also offer for the
first taEme to Florida orange growers the
Most ProlLflc Navel known, and the

Winter Park, Orange County, Fla'

R, N. ELLIS,C. E. A. E. MeCLURR, Architect.

Architects & Civil En meers,
Plans for
P 0. ox 784. Rooms 7 and 8 Palmetto Block
Bay Street.

S. L'EN. iLE & CO.,



and the m,-:t co..mplete





from all the Leading Cttle of the Union, dar-
in g te season, aro indispensable to every
Frit Grower.and arte-worth to each one
who has a )&Uv-matU rwenty timess
the price of the paper. Its -


are also full and complete.

OneYear, 810. Six ltontbs,S5. Three
MJontlh. 82.50. One Month, 81.





is the Beat and 'Cheapbsqt Weekly In the South
Contains the Cream.of the Daily for.the.ireek.






Before yon decide whire to go in SO
FLORIDA, send for a sample copy of;
You will find better and cheaper bargal
MAATEs County In groves,'farms, ranch
any size.. BuldIng lots on railroad, riyer.o
side. .The proprietor of "The Orangi Grov
an "old timer,. butneither moss backh'.o
bound; he is. hereto stay and "There is m
in It.", Three Millons ofAcres on his-Bool

Only $1 a Year; 5.0 cents for
Six Months. ,.* '
O. p .... :a. of al r ,' ... .

o., a- SaampIestotanyhe
FLA. A e I. ".. .M. -,

S* ~'. 4 y -. ., : ...
)UTH .. -

An in Sr'end for olrenlar gving description of the,'.' .,'-
hi -f .. PymcelyPremums ofered tosu.b- :. ,
oa ... rlbhrs to the
dhude .'. -"- '1 1 I ;- ..A -. "

'LA f .. 5,:', 1 -t 1. .
.- .* "I -,- ,"t Q _9-

-" ;
,. -ti:_. -. ... ,'.1+
. ..-*+,+ +_. +_= ...-' .*. *^ .^ ^^ ^ ^- N?,. ^


Florida newspapers






*'* ^




..ig j tTHE COW IN FLORIDA. Devon, Shorthorn-is a great 'leal better Western corn and oil tueal lie buy. at out." The3 are also good] winter layers be needed, tile ground being cropped
!lVtI ^SIu n. -_ than a native, both for beef aud milk. Buffalo at wholesale rates. His oil meal here in Florida, provided they hare many times in one season. .
BUT, of course, if opportunity orters to lie obtained at Butfflo. for a little less warm food ill the morning and a protec- Fowls preter younggrass, and theland
u.u to n f "m o l nhe Tisup'houlderich,-
i.r.i.oncnng di.seasesor.dom v The Age of Tin vs. Good Clover buy a full-blood, which has' not only than 3 a tou. He regards mutton tion fro our chilly nortesters. Their deotee'
an a may be addressed to Dr. D. O. Lyon, Milk. been acclimated, but tested--or no cow making as a kind of0 manufacturing, or early maturity makes them a desirable that there riay -be quick-gro h. The---
Jack3 onlii e, Florissdatwo wllanwr. .LboMl.aCpoe 'mo-mrer 1' avn x
Jtacksoville, Florida, who will answer them should be purchased on tile mirt'e name at leat a chemical process. Mutton is a fowl for market. We, having experi- lawn moweris a valuable adjunct of the
through iblscolemn. BY S. tPOWER. of any of the ultia-fashionable herd- chemical compound composed largely of mented with them. say confidently, poultry vard.-Poultry World. -
This has well been called the "age ot books of the North, uLIlessc she has given nitrogen and carbo-hydrares. The ani- that at the age of eight weeks they will
Veterinary Advice. tin." Everything is offered to us in in.jivi.Jual proof of her milking qualltiLe m ,l's digestive andI aE-imilating organs iveigh one ounce heavier thau the Brah- -Tlhe Farmer's Home Journal says:
The two following casem ate tieated of Florida-canned milk, canned bef. -it would le advisable to, acquire lier, if are his mnaclinery. andl Il. feed contains ma, and for table purposes, they are sel- If the lice get a start of you you cat put
by Dr. Phares in the Southern Live ned, vegetables, canned tru,. ,'annr-ed it can be (.lone for a raioniable price. the ingredients out of which lie forms dom excelled, owing to the jJiciuess of it i:.'wn that ,ou are ''enlisted for tlhe
Stock Jurnal: sh. There might be some quoestici:,u as Nmobody should ,ondemn FhMiida as a the compuiound. He studies to ascertain the flesh. war." Examiue your fowls about, the
Stock Journal: to tihe milk and beef, but to brmin veg-' cattle country on account of thle little, iu whattot nim lhecain btuv hi albuminoids -- -'u--- ff and if you find on the feathers next
tables, fruit anti fish to Floiida, thlt is miserable, inmlet boned.crreatures which and carbo-hy,-drates m.it 'C-conomiically. Scaly Legs. to the skin'a collection of little white.
There is an epidemic of carbono" certain;v bringing owls to Athens. This barely makenaiving i the piney woods, and by regular lfeeding. .,god clean Fowls that have scaly legs should re- tese pull out all such and burn them.
leraber mbT e tse pure oth sa nd su ch and eber y h m
amongst the mules i thi section In universal prevalence of canned iss I ,_ member my fatherant gaudtather quarter; ahnd careful attention to the ceiveimmedi ateatten tion for the so oner ce o the w eae hch tand t .
this immediate neighborhood there has an incubus on the imnigrait s life in the telling ne that th e original littlee of health of the sheep., hie li his macin. itis attended i t the easier it IS' toCur one of them n-ill hatch. Ifvou cannot
been some los, but it general yields to Stie: this. more titan anything else, Southern Oi,:, eveyad even fifty ery in ,,,,d wor kiu, n' i ne ct powder another excellent
treatment when taken in time: but just ,causes the homesickn-s arid dinsatisfac- iVears atr were scTeriyaely suevtiir to Ihe- a an oig i It is ,t c ut a tii at this -ee isect powder, a another ex.ele t
below this. in Concordia Parish. La., on tion .,f ladies coming ht.ie from the Fl'rida erub of to-day. An old settler C o t r e vd aAi aw *fro mixed in the proportiurn or one pound of
one place, sixteen mules havebeen Os North. if tere is any on quality more tell,, t.i that t(he pioneer t.ick 'if Iteowa. cs th eui t t one tiil Tfe u sal
.1 .sulph ur to one otin,, of actd.- Rub this-
up to the *d hist, and others sick. than another which a delicately-t,,'l ,, longer than thirty ve,rs ago. were jfI t . caused by innumerable very small thoroughly through the feathers and the
Every rernedy was tried but without el- ladyv, accustomed to the generous lirin,! screws--th;n. long-legged. l ,iL-horned."' '. parsites Iith gather together in the lice will take a walk for a mo'e genial. y
fo_ prese illb sals.take e asl
in' ..ti bia____wih ahrtgte n the oaphfore.mor genial
fect, the disease appealing most mnali'- of the North, craves in her bill *:f fare. their flesh toilt. ltaiebs; the co's The White and Brown Leghons. cued at first b y the application o atmosphere.
ant-the~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~ -n;a dyie inacowtse, sfehno aevisda ote .oi- The White and Brown Leg-horns. cured at first by the application ot a
ant-tthe animal dying in a shott time it is freshnes5s. Variety is d.lear tI, the gi'in0 onl" aI f.w ,-luarts c day. .
after being attacked. Some ascribe it to femnnine mind. bitt flreslhaess is geter. This- uject dim-tndsanotllerl:,aper,,i tBY E. s. Rt.'H.\Rr.,',:N. mixture ,:t sulphur and lard, but i t is .
the blood poisoning from the bites of the Thie utter dtsgurd t ie-.perieuce.- by tli e t- ,rage crp t at tay be growvu ti At.s.-. tite ton-setting breeds none delavdytle snSales will. increase in size LECTUREON "
buffalo gnat in the spring., others from u table ii,:uke-r.et1 an iItle iever-etlfing advantage l.'re for a cow. are Liore satisfactory for breeding pur- pearace. They will theon have it Rwie s h at a
the bite of a fly that they iall the char- round of stale beef, ..ickiih-sweet milk. L,,v'tFy, Bradford Coo. poses thtn the Legl.orns.ies-e.,ially where 'e athed sev eral times wi the ase to b- Rough on Rats.
bon fly, and others from the bile of the anPient.tasting pteas. fifthrate oysters roduction is ite chief object. Be- d bathed several times with uarmsoap- t -
common fly. which infects the putrid and other cuhn.ry abominations which tween the White and Brow oil of come kind, until they
carcasses of the dead animals.-H. B. S., se daily extracts with a can-opene SHEEP FARMING. ver lienthe Wite and Brown tiecolore is income sof t. They ca-In t lien be picked
-h alxrat ihaca-pniSEE AMN.very little cdifferncexet in color.
Greenridge. Mis. ftrnom the salicylie, tartaric, resinous and -- SomeclaimtileWhic are m ireeasilyo i1 esl a wit t
ANaWTR.-As thie paper is ready to go other mnysteriou (and perhaps poison- HOW Mutton is Produced for.the bred true to colors, white the chamrnpiois tiand lard should be applie d two or c thre e C
to press. we can say but few words ousi depths to which tiy" were con- l of te Br to siowdelr dt whe itokeptminore n ci. Th fouwl; re far tties ti c tlegs at,
When many cases occur at one place it signed by 'greasy operatives" in Northern Market; of the Brwn declare tet to e ke tne ti o free from this tiouble tot -'
y ges oeaivs nhnrdly anti to show le,,e dj, t when kept iun
is generally caused by drinking stagnant somnie great factory in the Northli, i easier The following is a portion of thIe arti- unclean or sandy runs.TlelatrI" ne tiL to 'noie. as te SUIlphur is ... o
or other infected water, and ceases as to imagine thi n tt describe. c-le iin the Americant Rural Home to true, buit as to being more hard]v, we ver.y obn',,xiuu to insects of all kinds. ; 1 .what iDlled your-poor father. -Shunit.
soon as puie water is substituted. As One distinguished lady, on the eve of which we refer editoally: have nt found it so duringourexpe- od aying cotaii throughout our
long as the infected water is used reme- her departure from this colony, said She Mr. Ira W. Green is very pleasantly ience. Grass for Fowls. 'nre.rsul>r .icareers.. Weld&1beadobjet,.
disav i n tin In teaigs as? .lo1- !a* cial ROUGB'N ESS. '- ."- ...' -"
dies avail nothing. In treating a case 'hoped. after reaching the North, never located in the southern pait of Ithe town They area very proudftiwl.and nopret- Novices in poultrs keeping desire to tIl away time SS l' "
givefronrmone to tour teaspoonfuIsoftin- to have a can cf tood brought into her of Rush, about miles north of East ti-rsight can beseen than a yard of pure see their yards green with growing grass iUIo I rUUL taoney w.:tuae O TF-L'
tureigt anbementhni yrdatprese-tei yrs ren it goin gatbt ons eytpid ftilet~
ture muriate of iron in a quart of water boose again while she lived." Another Avon anId i little father from Avon breeds, of either variety, with their trim as hen pastures. tot taking into account bt.ot, ursed trom .o i-,
every tour or six hours. As a local ap- Mal -'tce census-taker ,teed never come Springs. ush. Junction and Rush or East bodies,. bright red coul.,- and vivacious, the inevitable effects of constant tramp- he bostogetrdo'BEEL, ES -
plicatiun to the aff,"-ted part, saturate to this settlment a second time utiil lush. Tlihe elegant anil commodious sprigitly movements. For egg produc- ing. and the deposit of very strong e-x- Roaches,Water-bugs. LL ..
with a mixture .of equal parts tincture tbe last can of milk was driven out of dwelling which would attract attention tiou they take thelead. converting nearly 1remental matter, on the finest a ndten- .,Roorr ee Phs sprinkl
iodine. hartshorn and spirits turpentine it." y in any tural landscape issome twenty or all their food into eggs. and the pullets derest grasses. It is the nature fot r Is iobour ad dow theS" o d'r, -,-
every four, six or eight houts according The canned beef we get. here in Flor- twenty five rods back from te highway often beginning to lay at fiveandsix to keep a constant search : aud, with ipe. First thing in the morning .
to severity of attack. Evety case recov- ida is the inferior parts tif Texas steers approached by a lane bordered by beau- months of a.we. Leghorns are easy to this intent, they travel over the ground sitalltaway downthe abklipewhe
ers f pre aterlon beuse. 'Wlhae mnthsofeets fromns rgaearet oclrwi iap'
ers if pure wateralone be ued. We have after all thite tenderloins have been cut tiful sugarani scarlet maples. The tarm raise, mature early, are small feeders, so much that all the grass is ?oou de e insects from g et t ltl we diseverp-
been content with the uniform success nf out,, which first class hotels will not buildings corresponding in character and may ie fed nearly all they can eat. stroved except that whlch is coarse and ssisaroe inthe ouse, they fstth i Lwherever in-
valueless.rs Irtaki dining no biling. orespndngin haacer ndma.befeNO
the above treatment. P. offer their .rutest-,. The canned milk we with the dwelling, are spacious, convn. as thev ill not becoe over fattened, valueless. A lock of twenty-five fowlsrk di.'gthuet. :h ACHES
PALSY -:F CATrLE. get may be judl.d fiom the following lent with just enough of external orna- like some of rm e large breeds, wil! entirely eradicate the 'fine irase, saot RatSie, Bedbugs, FUes Beetles.
jud.-ljus enugt le lrgeentrey fne rases "'ROvoaoN Rsrs"iis sold alt a'oundl the world, -
About two weeks ago an ox of mine extract friom a report made by J. (-. enPut to lhirmiize. In the Leghorn yards there is no from a yard contAning one-eighth of an ,neveryctimnjsthemiostextensiret radvrtsed,
suddenly gave way in hind legs and Me-yer,Jr.. M. LD.,V. S .whoexamined the The barns arelevated, with high base- moping around waiting forthe next feed acre. Fowlsshould have tiesh vegetable .lhanathe lat.t s Ofaas.ariclef.'knd-
small of back; he gradually gre worse Cincinnati dairy stable at tite request ments walled on three sides and board- time, but all is activity and life. The food, and, as it is useless to attempt the an th lVaoei t thtg.' BUG.S.
until he could not get up without help. of the Live Stock (-'mmissiouer. Afier ed on the east side. These basements consequence is they run away from al- production of tender. nutritious era'ss it DESTRO0YS POTATO U GS .
I put on tar plasters and gave condition detailing at aom6 length the conditions are used for stabling horses, cows and most all diseases. It is very seldom you their inclosure, another object, the cor- For Potto Bugs. Iasecta onvines, 6tc.,a-table-
PU cne dck f shep. taninc.ntpear.nf~ul of the powde-r, well shaken, in a keg of
powders: in a month's time he coal- of the stables he visited, hie says: oneflockof sheep. Standinon the barn see an ailing fowl in their quarters, rect way is to have a grass plat. and wtaeer, nd applredrwit h rianklin'- ak.efpray
powders: ina I Ib ma nuwateritm uIands foa ai lokng upth gakpoooeat-Tiep4rauy
menced toimprove andwasturned out to "in the stable the manure accumulates floor and looking out the back door east- They will pick tip he greater paint of mow thec tender shoots in tie morn. ayrint-eorwhtusk broom. eep.it weUstirredup.
pasture. In a short time I noticed he along thelowersarface of te body and ward, you si-eea large yard surrounded tteir food most of the year. Yet, with inug when the dew is on enough- to last ihe',' -" andI lBoxes. A'e. -
was again failing, took him up and re- haunches, matting the hair. This is on three sides by b9rns aud sheds and on good care, they will bear confinement as through the day. This feed, kept.in the CLEGRHSORATUT .- 'AS -T-
peated treatment as before. He has im- rarely removed by the attendant, con- the east side by a high t glht board fence, well as any other breed and do well. shade will remain fresh. c""RBTS BED BUCS`
proved some, but gets up with great diffi- sequently the animals lie on a bed of This barnyard is subdivided into six Our Leghorn pens are only 77x12i0, The frequent cutting wiil insure a full FLIES.
culty, seems to have very little use of clinkers. The attendant does well-yes, smaller yards, every one communicating and we are sure we have no complaint growth, and only a small quantity being.- t'anst *wat.-bu jis,'motasrais. mica
his hind legs. He has been used in haul- exceedingly well-if he wash the filthy with a portion of the shed on either side to make ,bout their process of "shelling required each day. only a small plat will' sparrows,jack rabbitsiisrrelgiphe.'. -
ing heavy logs, and] I cannot tell whether teats and udder before milking: as for and containing 100 sheep. In one barn"..- ----- :.-.-- "
it is from strain or kidney trouble.-L. bedding, it. is never dreampt of. basement is another 100 and under a por- -., .
W., Gainesville, Ala. "The disorders, barring contagious tion of one (if thre sheds is another 100. -- ----' -
ANSWER.-There are many causes of diseases that are frequently met with in with a small yard attached. These last, ... '- .- 'S F~.. s .
such palsy and the treatment should vary dairy stables, for which cows thus 200 are fed altogether under cover. He, ,.. .- .-
accordingly. Having uo knowledge of thus affected ought to be condemned as has -00 mntore feeding on a detached farm. .--.- -
the-cause in this case our treatment milch cows, are tuberculosis or con- making a round thousand that be is pre- /. -
must be on general principles. Cut the sumption, which, however. prevails to a paring for the shambles. i. \
hair short over the loins, and for five limited extent. Soreness in the fee or A man who feeds 1,000 sheep success-s'. ' U ;0 ;-*'"
minutes rub in with the hand against its, which may be either consti- fully must thoroughly understand his -
the direction of the hairthe flowing tutional or due to some iujuty,a focs business and conduct every process with p -" _-S, *
blistering liniment: Powdered canthar- the suffering cow to lie down a great the strictest, economy, adapting his feed f -. l -.- l X..
ides two drachms, camphor five grain,- deal, hence. bed sores, general fever and to the end sought, purchasing not only j-'
oil ofllavender ten drops, oil of rurpen- emaciation are manifest. Bruises from the sheep, but what food he buys iD the...: ":
tine one-half ounce, lard one ounce, well kicks or knocks often result in cysts and cheapest market and selling his mutton -
grains and- gradually increasing to 3 bly is liable to become absorbed in the the first of December he bought 1,000
darsed nutog mica, biegtinning with 20w teuscives tonain a rveyo-n the sel Thsnqsto-gagrderr Mer.nosein Bufflo About- tf- '^ $3 ^'J-^ 'S X 'V*^H -- -y- : --
grains or until trembling or twitching of circulation, and in turn inmpregnates the there ot e four aned a half cents a pound,
affected part is noticed TThen stop till milk. '-and the lot averaged 88 Ib. a head.
this ceases and a fter afepw days' rest use "But the most common disaoder prev- He commenced by feeding rather
smaller doses. Instead of nux vomica alent among cows, and that renders lightly with grain, gradually increasing II ;
youca- kive hypodermically a solution their milk unfit for- use. is generally their rations as they show by eating it .:.:------- ..
of J grainstfvchnia, gradually increasing known as garget or mammites. which is up cleanly every that taey want more. The following words, in praise of DR. PD.RC.'S FavoRiTE PRMSCRIPTION as a remedy for those delicate dise-ses and weak- -.
to :,ne grain or till twitching occurs. an inflammation of the udder, either until in the latter stage, of fattening he nes-s pecutlar to women, must be of interest to every sufferer from such midadiJs. They are fair samples of the spontanheous-
When the blister draws well wash off partially or wholly. This is detected by gives them all that they will eat. At e.p-tsstons with which thousands give utterance to their sense of gratitude for the inestimable boon of health w hich baa bee--'
~~~revetrred to tnem by th6. use of this world-fanied medlicek.." _-, -:-- -
gently'with soap and water address a swellingoor oumefaction of one or the time of our visit 'ie was feeding four rOswELLTViitcCotta~&.O.,
with lard or baseline. When healed more quarters of the udder, and the bushels to the hundred head, of mixed oIn, E. Swf of Mls.0i"trkT' n., writes THREW AWAY oH: P ipto aelenbeo-rleoi f ,or
completely renew bli ster if necessary issuing of a thin, yellowish fluid from feed daily in two meals. In a granary W w100 i h aheano .'ad i MTW ylr ote Presptionand ebrteo
copltlyree bise ilncssry 100 year-s with fNrnale w.-aknoess. and bad paid Lam drecrptoi ng lrsy workad ae oh-enu
out. ar for butrelibshl o efShtokd r.Pc-e acnefroetn aebdt- lyhl u
S- 1p. the teat instead of milk. As the disease on the barn floor about seven bushels of I nI out oue hundred dolars to physicians with- HER- ing wrk a nod lreben
Weserncon ae urCanndth rou h-out, rele.l S he onk"D r. Pier.ce's Favonrte ,1 ._ ..-Ir UU LU ..u ",UU. U F
Increases the fluid comes denser and Western corn are thrown and Prescriponthorough- nd itndid her more good tan bou sixte before- commenced -tak
blood p ueE 3in n n d t odi her m by r ndthe n I pI l i ngR'1 a~ t s. vteeur eti -be fo hre h-e o wen. ar-E -
Selecting a Stallion. tfcetid. mingled with blood, pus and ly wetted and seven bushels of spout all tha medicine given to her b v the Ephyi- e ing your medicme I ,have ad towear.a -
Whn ltina stallion lok first curdled lumps, due to the acidulated feed and two bushels of oil meal inter- cmns during the three years they nad been practicing upon her." a. porter m othe tie this .Ihav. lai.
Whe sletig astllon -!ik ist changenenomaitune-ithtLiteHcaozn. ohisepasseld, by a.aside, and feel as we as Ilever did.'"
caWhefu electing a stallion look rst change in itscompositon. The forma- mixed with the corn. This passes, by a Mrs. OLORGE HERoRM of.t, dN. Y., aseanreaweasvera. ..
lcarefull at his-head. he' nosh-ilss a rifatin shutetobox in theTn I writer: "lI was a greatuRifferer from leurcor- | l, ...1 Mrs. 1 IAT GLLF.SON, of unia, Ottawa Co.
should he large: see that the eyes are full i on t 0 abscesses and mortifiation, shute to a box the base, t eu below, t I I rhea, bearing-down paine, and paioe cntfr- y .T WOnS I Aluh.. writes: "Your Favorite Prescription" -
and b rigiht gld breadth livepn the sloughing, total loss of the quarter af- w henceit il distributed to the troughs in | _- -- iua uvya cro . m yback. TureE bottles of yoEu9 T IT '. .. has worked wonders in my ease. -
and bight, tood breadth between, the eed and even death of the auimal the yards. At 7 a. m., tie trougs are RTHL OON Favc',rite Prescription' restored me to per- I wnnR Again she writes: "Having taken.several bot-
eyes, ears short and tapering:t uese ins- Ov n. iledat e sheep admitted fiom e theEARTHLY B ect alth. tI tmea.:. )With Dr. ..for NE ties c the Favorite Prescptin on I have re-
dicate a gentle disposition. In a horse tiay supervene, cvedeand sesthe shee admitted asthe d ninie months, without rimcehviitg anv benedt. gained mv health wonderiully, to the astonish-
of this kind with proper trainingyoucani r "I am confident that- five per cent. of covered sheUs where tiey have passed The 'Favorite Prescription i s toa griatt earthly boon to us meat of myself and friends. I- can now be on my feet all day,
of this kind with proper training you cau our milch cows are troubled with this, th night. One man attends to the poor suffering women" ... attending to the duties of my household..
mould and bring every muscle unr disease. Milk from cows with inflamed sheep and every precaution is taken : : ... .
your control The oin should be strong, TREAI-NG THE WRONG ISEASE
v-e.ac.wl coupedquater lon dders will giverise to inflammatiiin of against frightening them. Nit stranger TR AT N THE 'W RONG DISEASE. -
from point to Pointuofb hips Her should he lips and stomach of children who is allowed in the yard whilethey are eat-
from point to point of hips. He rsh consumer it. Suchi is the condition -,of a ing. Troughs are kept well f -iled with Maimny tumts womr:n call on their family physicians. suffering, as-they imagine, one front dyspepsia, aoth&er f rom h heart disease,
also be sound in windUand limb. A horse lumbe oo. '. r -.ri.s..hauneer 1 water in every yard. easilyac- anotr from tirf on kidney diseasee, anotner from ni-rrvous exhaustion or piostration. another with pain here.or there, and in
thtis driven about and h.rrie. fro.m number ot our dairies that need stri'Lt .pute wr water in every yad. eadiy ac- tts way tlcy all prese-nt ahik; to tnmsetlvr-s and tneir easy-goingeand indifferent, or over-busy doctor, separate and distinct diseases,
tpat ue apo an d urvpilan-e." ceisible to the shieep at all times. Small trin whica he prescnrtcr:s hto pills and potions, tsssuming them to be suca, when. in reality, they are all onnly tailnploms auksed by some
mace to lace, erhas ouer heated and i b dlayarnnounce rl-ihat hlie i-uh boxes filled with salt. with a minute ad- w.:,ib disorder. TF.:- pbysician, ignorant of the causo of suffering, encourages his-pratice until large bills are made: rThe suffering .
made to cover from four to six mares a "- il parient petia no better but probablir worse ty rIa.3,n off the delay, wrong. treatment and consequent complication. A proper medicine,
day shouldbe regard as unsafe. The cow is possible in FIlorida, and'not only dition of suulphur, are nailed up to the l Dr. Pe.-rce's Favorite Prescprion, .direbcd to the diust would -have entirely removed the disease, thereby dispellng all-those
c .. w i ha ck r itah. e. I .aa taf. ten possible. but profitable. Not only the ides of the yards so that they can always ,oiarres.riting'symptoms. and inst.utnmg comfort instead of prolonged -misery. d- a -
pers. -- lnsak tat n aion milch cow of the little native scrub help themselves at pleasure. Mr. E. F. o. of o. 'I Lintoi S., A Marvelos Cre.-r F SAO
r.. --' =-. ,.,.' .:..- _', mtu cow t tne [te nat1e scru KS. I1 El itHr..E. F. Nlopo~it. of No. : xnto, "]Allaveoser:-Mrs.G.-P" 1mOUI--'"-
heard personsspea.k o tenn a staio bu ih grades or thoroughbreds After the morning rations are eaten. PHSIINS I Bton. ., says:-Five years ago IJi o l A h wis it astroubd wi
aseng owosuv. isIRmis- b.ee, ....ig graws or"houghbeds I wAas andreadful sufferer from uterine troubles. .If akIvyi ~ ia Wl. Ata"ic-h.,Wrte:I was' troubledno nw h
as being a lo w usieiis. This im of g generous blood and yielding gener- racks are filled with wheat, oats o bar- r bar- A a dneadu uierer from uterine roublesh. female weakness, leiucorrheaand tailing.of -the
take, for the man who will give his timcs F D .o ri e- m ry straw which the sheep can nick at I LD Hating exhausted the skl of thre phy- D R womb for seven years, so t had to k6ep my' bed -
and energy to lthe self-sacrificing bush-i ous bucketfuls of rich. red-clover milk. ley iawwicte seep can pic at s I i:.ans. I was completely discouraged, and so l for -a gooa part of the time. I doctored with -an
Sf i rvin t k of horses" in To suibstantiate my assetion in regad through the l-ty. At 3 p. m.. themorn- weak I could with dilecuitvycross the room I army ofdifferentphysicians. ad Spen lr
hess of impirovin the 6tockToof horsese m asirtinni regrd iffeentdhyscian.adwI ,ch Itulum
S g o the clover. I shall -end to the editor ing rations art e repeated, after whici the al:ne. t began takng Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription and of money, but received no lasting benefit. At last my.husband
any of its branches deserves lIe respect witvh this letter a stalk id blossom of racksarecleaued .ut and the remnant of usi the local treatment recommended in his 'Common bense .suaded me to try .our-medicines, which! was loah to do,
ofthe intelligent people. There is no k And blossom of ras a Mdical Adviser.' I commenced to improve at once. In three because I was prej6udiced against. itthem and the doctors said
vocation in which man is e e red clover grown by myself. I have a straw scattered over the yard and under months I was perelii." curedd, and hare nad no trouble since. I they would do me no good..I finally told my husband that if
vocation im whch man s engaged but iece two rods wide and five rods long. the sheds where they sleep. This keeps wrote a letter to my family paper, briefly mentioning how my he would get me some, oj our medicines, I would try them
Son which the common red cverof -n health had been restored, and ooaernng to send thefull particular aainst the advice of myphysician: Be got te six bottlesof the
.N Aleandrnw.to the the yar dry an.d clean, diues t.eir to any one writing me for them. Ond ciclorici astig a n .cdn- i- Favorite Prescription. also six bottles of the 'Discovery,' --or
purpose.-N. M. Al exander. North is now growing vigorously, and solid droppings and absorbs their liquid vld for reply. 1 have received aver four hundred letters. ten dollars. I took three bottles of 'Discovery'- and fou of
*,"nhich I have qalreadymowed twice his evacuations. Then thlie racks are tilled In reply. I have descrlbed my oase and the treatment used, Favorite Prescription.'and I have been sound woman for four
Horse and Mule Breeding. U eith cla o over hay, beanstalksoand have earnesty advised them to 'do likewise.' From a great years. I then gave thebalance ofthe medictie tomslster. who
spring, obtaining the second time a very tcl ocutcorn- nidny r have received second letters of thanks, stating that they was troubled In the, same way, and she cured herself in ashoit
It is a fact too well known, and espec-, respectable hay-cock. That this clover s itas,.. had commenced theuseof Favorite Prescription.' had sent the time; I have not had to take any medicine now for almULost.
ially to our merchants, that one ot the will survive the rainy season, even two Twodifferentyards.comprsingthebest .5. required for the 'Medical Adviser,' and had applied the our year." -
principal drains upon the country. one years and Yield seed-or would if not and the poorest hundreds were weigh- local treatment so fully and plainly laid down therein, and were .
principal drains upon the country. one years. and yield seed-2-or would: if notan.e.poetun,'awe.e.g- much beer already." "-" .,-.".'.........,... '..-.
w.vhichrtends to..keep, our farmers,poor mown off-I am sure from the result in ed, the e6t averaging 5 116 lbs..an the '.' a.,l l.1I*. ..s .wa w .
more tharin'ahthling else, is theptirhase a small patch grown by a neighbor with- lightest 104 Ibs This would mnakd an THE OUTGRUA Tw I1. OF P A va AST r I iCE. N-
of mules brbightmosfl.y, from Kentucky out any protection average of the two lots of 109 lbs. aomanythousandsofcases cures nas weakness o stomach, di- ,
or Missouri, and whichcouldjustas welL 19ow, as to the cow, when we came bead, a gain i n.O. days or ten teeks of ofThreetcrat toniP maanythouandvsorcsas ues n, wlat n s on e taono(. is aemtaer-s .ayorlt6",relatua-sptone, n
be raised at home. There is no better to this colony there were only six fami-n' 1,lbs ,orsomelhing more than '2bs. per ailmencrpeouliarktonemales, attde Ivasds' i As g a'sooths ng an d er uctlo oefng wet eisa .otesomac .andiother..e stiAs~naa .
horse or mule raising country' in the lies in it that kept a cow or cows. Now head, a week. The sheep were all in a Hotel and Surgical Institute, Buffalo, N.Y., nervinem, ".Favorite Prescrlptiou." is un- arniptoms commonn to'tItit condition:' It .
orserr ue aig unryDm feifteen that haveo neo roer condition. -w A -1 portion has afforded a vast experience In nicely equalledand is invaluable in allaying and Ifs use ha kept up in the latter rmonths'of
United States than various portions[of there are fifteen that have one or more remarkably fne condition. A.poiton adapting and thoroughly testing remedies subduing nervous exoltabillta; irritability, gestation, it.so.prepaesa:T~.e systqm forde-
Alabama, Mississippi or Louisiana. each. A large part of these cows are of thte sheep will be sent to New-'ork in for the cure of woman's peculiar maladies. exhaustiou, prostration, hysteria., spasms nl.eryas.i greaty.lessen, and maly tlmes ..
Mule breeding, especially, will pay bet- the little native scrubs, which are better a few days. Although consigned to Dr. Pierce's IF'iortte Prestti'ptloi and other dIstressng, nervous symptomss antmostenrtrely'dda..ay'with the sufrengs..
ter or s on money invested than any than nothing-better. perhaps, than a commission men there, Mr. Green always is the outgrowrhe or result, of this reat commonly attendant, upon functional andu ofthat tFyvngoordealt. ..' ,: ,. .-.- e.
ter c te n s t 'Vta "ohn-b~r prfpta ,... ,'', . and '-aluablea experience. Thotisndn 0r organic disease of the womb. It'Induces t:ao.~~s.ito,, hkente--
other branch of stock raising. There is costly imported cow for-the beginner to goes nmmself or sends trusty nanos with testimonials, received from pnti-na and refreshing sleep and .relieves mental an-x- In connectj9 with tlhae use of Dr. Pierce's "
notreau n wh -- ~n w hits sheep, to see that they are proper-tyowpsaswhhve atntanDtvr
.... wny our planters should not exspertm"ent with". A choice Northern f hp, th ad oc d a 'el rom p vysatdans w no nave tested It ic the iety and desapondnOy. Precrpondenfiedicaleo scorveryfrand-ci atlaixa- .Pelet
raise their owi stock titan there is for cow may be, and occasionally is, brought cared, or y e way n n had bafed thetr skill, prove It' to be the Is a Iegitimate me alellae, carely LWLitte L-ver-Piils),durerLiver'laeyand
the purchase of corn or hay from the directly to Florida, and by careful man- tranit,.. most wonderful remedy-ever devised for compounded by an uaxperlenned and sklltfuli Bladder'dlseases. Their-combined .use als&O.
West.' Both tend to keep the country agement successfully acclimated; but it Mr. Green has followed this practicof the ellef aad cure of suffering women. It physician, and adapted to woman's delicate. removes blood taints, and .aboloabes .can-
in,,^- is not recommended as a "cure-all.' but oreu,,u[ i ,.. .[.pn-antzat fr on. It is purely vegetatdas ** urealle in oIts ctio.nonsspuand vgetaleofulouseousahumoroulosfromrsI ti te
impoverished by this tremendous drain is a little, risky, unless morqcare'is given feeding sheep winters for saevhral ea's, s a most perfect Specific for woman's b ompositlon and perfectlyvbaressnm Its system. -- e nu. .,* t. '
upon our pecuniary resources, to her than ho'sr people are likely to be- with good results. He not. only feeds 'peculiar ailment. effects in any condition of the system.- -:... i'.a.o.itoeParesrtpaon,.ia-the only' -
-* stow, and it would be a great.'pity for a out his straw, stalks, coarse grain, etc., As a powerful, I-nvigorating tonic, "Favorite Preseription", '. a: post- me-die. for .women sold,.by .druggists, '.-.
It has recently been decided by a new-coar'"tolose a vaale converting them into manure. but he it imparts strength to tia whole system, tie cure for the moat..coipuca sad under a positive .ro
It hs recent ben dcidd b" a e -omerto-ose alab cowand g : "and to the uterus, or" womb and its ap- obstinate cases.of, eucorrhea, or."whites.,' manufacturers, -tuat 'tcwl.wl-gve satisfac- .
Judge ofa Superior Court of California, perhaps,, become discouraged and de- buys large quantities of Western corn, pendataes. In particular. For overworked, excessive flowing at monthly periods,-pain- tion in every dase,' or. money wlll be re- .Nr;.:
thft- a' fence made entirely of barbed dare that Florida is unfit for a cow spout feed, and is now purchasing con- "worn'out," "run-down." debilitated teach- ful menstruation, unnatural suppressions, funded. This guarantee has been terl a,.t".-.
hei~, f'h ba fet hs wy aongfor sderable oil meal, which wil mak wire is an illegal fence, because it is dan- w -..".." .era, moeliner'si dressmakers, seamstresa, gacko"femalie faifthwo,weaknoe tied oW fo maay'yewar Lar b.ott-les
gerous to cattle and horses passing along, year orso with a ni-rive or half-breed richest, manure of all. All this is in- e's, and- feeble wousec generally, Dr. trove-rsion, bearinge-down sensstions., ron- 000. d Beeo $1.00,:-*or six.l'ottles .-for.
the :public. highways... TThe manufac--he would ultimately have achieved .creasing the fertility of his tarot. He is Pucrce's Favodte Prescription Is tho great- ic congesrton.inlakmmation and-ulceratton $5.00 .'-. -...: .:-,.;"... "." .
tMgre-'. bt,. barb ed.-wir&i w.ill-' probably [K-ratifying success.;' A half=b1ood of'any abl in adito to 'mk a. litepoi est earthly boont being unequalled as .an of theo womb. tuflammation, jaln~aud ten-; ".-7 sead. ten= een.s ln. amp~s for. Dr,"
the case of'be good mi~kng strainsbfthe~orthpon zinsheep. Hesuallybuysbispoue appetiingrcordialeni restoratreetonic.eIt erneed-.intoaries, ac-otPpa edji-l.. ni Plui'c's' .ai .',.llleatrat-t Treatise 08
fight this dbcisiont by carrying thecase .oflhegood miLking'strinsbfth'e'Noth ontnesneep, teusualybuysnhsspout promotesdigcstion and assimliationof food. eternal heat." .'. .. .pagesr'on Diseasea'-ofwomen.:. .--._.*
to a higher court. t 1Jersey, Gurnsey, Holalein, Ayrshire, feed in summer when cheapest, and the Addreis, WORLD'S DISPJENSAlR i IEDBlCA TASSOCIAION, No. 668B ain Streo-,BDUEPAJLO N.E.. -.
'. '. "" --,,:. -,22'
., .. .. ,- r' :
..... -- -' & ~ :,-- .,- t .' ., ,-,- A.


- Cfl


izm 9 n August, first in small brown spots These lee.... 1
*srSR -spread rapidly over the leaves until their 4 1i*
S growth Is stopped. To avoid tho evil ef-
fectls of learf blight the great point is to get FOR HON R' AK
A CONVENIENT IMPLEMENT FOR USE a rapid, vigorous growth before mind- HONO S SAKE~.
IN THE APIARY. summer.
Many rearlers will doubtless be disap-
-pointed beciiiise a long list of remedlies By B. L. FARJEON,
Description of the Various Forma of ha ns;t I.uL-ii gieii for the blght, such as Author -..( "Great Porter Sq.ire," "The
Big-Treatent Ade by Barry are aivised from year to year by many fright Star of Li.fe,, Etc.
Bliel.-Trenl t Advle by Barry ter TI-hese have been avoided simply
and Downing-Itemus About the Herent betuittse there Is but -'rie su'e rmiedy-the PART THE FIE$ST.
Da.hy show. heroic one alrenadly rcommeniled-cuttine TRIL OF EDWARD LAYTON.
away ti' Iise-itsed parts and destro.ing THE TRIAL OF EDWARD LAYTON.
The big dairy and butter show held re- then, lilr-.
cently in tie heart of New York city CINTTNV.TSED..
proved a success It has been estimated BeCt Riotter and 1ilik Cows.
that during the live days ol ih.:- -how The. H-olt.in cow Clothil-le won the
over 4.10,000 people visited it. WVhile prize ofleted at the late dairy show for the I r',e early this morning in tleexpeta-
there wais a fair exhibit of daii y iuphle- cow producing the most butter in twenty- ti.on rft a itusy day. Dr. D:ini nients and products, the maru feature of four cnseutLive hours. From her milk .11 StnrLtir'l;i evrniqg, as I had expected,
the show was the large number ot choice was made two pounds seven anil a ball adntdl iarr'-i tO flI tie? te'slt of hit li-
animals selected for exhibition from c. Jee, suixi Hol-iten ad ir- re ,pep.trirg Mahbel Rutian'ls j.ew
o best herds o im d i n h uns. Seven Jerseys, six HolitIn and it there was a ring tet with
;.h best herds of Improed breeds in the wo Guerrisce-v were entered. Their records Anicr- L-hre -in i n wi
.priritry Five hundred cattle wtre ex. rurquoises nAd disfuinds, which bad been
country. Five hundred cattle were ex. wkre not made public. The prize was *$150, .eu to uir b, ih ir mother u n d whic ha.h she
hibited, representing in dollars and cents to which was n added a Rfiver munted horn wve ton ly r intli- 'l nhiis ie
h ONOnSione-aotcT,-Drera uo rh $ l). The n tr Dr. Daiit.uri had re-
l.00,). Nearlyone-half of t, ere cup worth The Holstein-iFri-esian ceived friui Mrs. Rutland further In-
Jerseys. association doubled the prize, making i states ,r the pi'ofounl ittthnt which
The famous .ld Jersey Eurotas wn, the $50.t Mabhel rei fr her tnd ttchne ,t wher. ich
center of attraction among the Jerseys. The Holstein Lady Fay won the prize "Dep as i''- hr Le v e," Mrs. Rutland
Her fame came, it.will be remembered, foTh olin Ld h Fa wthpilk "Deep!,F her love," Mrs. Rutland
with an astonishng.butter test'that lasted r prouci th largest quantity tf milk hadl ,,l ",rrr Mr. Layt n, thei e is in her
.1- in twenty-fouir hours. There were eight .-
thro-h the year. She gavc-7 pu:s twenty-four hours. Tere wIre eih l. f.,r her brother an element so aabi ,-r:.-
iiuh te ya. She gave 10 pounds entries--one Jersey and seven Holsteins. ing that -l it ,,ni, nt hesitate ti make
anll one OUtce of butter in eleven ibonths The i lk pri duced by Lady Fay w th- mst terrible s riticEs f.t r his sake
aid six days and had a flue calf within ixty-five pounds thirteen and a M half Pr Etacl It is weeks siceI saw
the year. This performance has only re. O uncein twenty-four hours. My pr tacl It eek ie saw
tenrtlv heena rivaled. ounce him, and I liave no lien q -here lie is. i-e
Scraper for Cleaning Bee Hives. i i -t altogether to hbltle, dletor; he has
'a 'The accompanying illustration repre- beer. lel tlank bh mbad Mcor bepi in. Ae
sets a scraper for cleaning hives, frameswhen I think of him and Mibel as little
bottomi boards and sections. which, la children and see them, as I often d-, play-
W^-^ m'^ l'^ b~t~n b~*^la *"^ 5cuoS,,wl1ch-a"-ing their hirioceut i]IMES toaieth.-r-when
apiarian claim in American Bee Journal, ing their iriet ames tovether-when
irk L-s not only exceedingly useful, but. readily I think of the r-xquisite joy ue drew from
made byano y blacksmith a small. expense.them andt ,f the heavenly happiness they
m e hyany hlackmitb a smal epe were t. oI, it selnis to m, that I mtist be
under th. iiinieniice of sonime horrible
dramn, thlt, thinis have chlnied SOl"
'S. A A\t 9 ,O' r(Ic 'o'i one Of yI onI ldt-nltiaJ
ro ,1. .(7E O H L az -ent;, F-,wler- by name, umide Ii ." appear-
"Founl, sin-," ws the first thin- be
The Ayishires, which were present in aid to me a the firt thing e
1allto nme.
nc-xt largest utuinibers to th- Jerseys, were
healed by the Dutehss of Smithfield, te SCRAPER FOR CLENIN nv-s. -'' I i kly asked.
best Ayrshire problh.ly ever produced in To make a scraper like the one tlluns- "Ida lit.,- Living at Brsxton. The
this country. This cow has a butter rec.- treated, take a piece of steel as thick as a Qr"il'a -ro l'os. Qu te a svel III her way,
ordl of over nineteen pounds in a week, heavy butcher knife, three and a half .
ant a milk record of over 10,,000 pounds inches long, one aud.l -quarter or one and 'Is she hvir z alone"'
in ia year. Most of the Ayrshires at the a half inches wide; punch or drill holes "So far a n-we can ilhe out. There are
exhibition were dark red and white, the half an inch from each end half an inch two men nflw u onL th wtch, onre to relieve
favorite colors, from one edilge. These holes should be the oth er."
There was a remarkably flne display of about three-eighths (of an inch or a little "And Mr. Eustace Rutland' I asked.
Hloltelt-Friesianns, including Clothilde, less. The handle shodd be anout nt got track of hm yet, sir. The
the cow v hi.h leads the worMl with a nulk inches Iiong, direct measure, three and a. n'Tetc israile r i
record -f of6,10l pounds in oue year. Clo- halt inches at the end ?olid, and the part "Wlat t 3yo.N mreaut b;y that-
titild' is a hree cow, weighinzI 1,6t0 next to the blade split ind brou_-ht around "'Wh-y, i, you don't furget that it is
pounds, and, h ik. nmo.t good milkers, she in a bow, entering the holes in the blade Derby w;eekilo yiiou:' I sur'p,:,-e yoIt backed
possesses the wVedge form and shows enor- and iveteil solid. The handle siould1 lie:ne, bit I cIt lie yu the straight tip if
nious nulk veins, set. so as to give the blade a titlee pitch, yo,,u want it."
S something like a hoe. Now sharpen the "I ba,21:il Pai-ris- for a roiiplo of sov-
6 wide edge and each cend. In use, the fore- ereigns," I sait. i where is thie i'ain who
Ip anger can be' inserted in the bow of theo1'heS Iot trke an interest inH the Dertj.,,
"handle.'Not it, it, -ir. There is inly oine horse
handle, __nwill win, and that. is Melton."'
p., 'Barnyard Mannre. "Butt," I said, .contn.g back to the all
The amount of marnure which an animal r-rigr-ossing subject I wi, eiigfsged upon,
A, /it' "- will dr..'p, and which can be saved and ""halt ,dif i-rnnc- will tI-,, Derli,:, week
( -.__. .... used for ferribzing purposes, will, of make to yO-u
l *ourse, vary with the size of the animal "Iel you o see, sir, London is 0o full?
,,BA ,,,- >--' _-;antljithe a anontro food-.eateh. It will Thereis too muc rnMilugab].tut for Icalm
'F ,ia. J/]t't -, var.in weight fromone-half to two-thirds wohirs t ork. In uhatsk as ours ca
S^of the we-ig-t of food and water consumed man wants a double set of eecs tide week.
and bedding u sed. If, says The National Suppose my lady takes it into ether head to
TRE IMPORTED GtrERNS.EY, JOLtE n. Live Stock Journal, aUll the liquids and go to the DerbyA It will be All.a job not
'The Guernseys, a trifle larger, redder solids are saved, a lberal estimate would to lose sight of bhr."
and more even tempered than the Jer- be 150 to 175 pound dlady for an average "ithat lady do you refer to,,"
sEys, made a good show, being represented sized cow or ox. This, of course, means "IIlda Whte, to be sure. She's a bit of
in the entries by four herds. In this ex- their weight just as they are voided. bloud, sir-, ard the 'result of the Derby
hbibit was included one of the most fa- Practically, however, a large per cent. of may mean a lot to her."
nmoils cows of this breed in this country, the droppings is allowed to go to waste, "lDoes she- et, then:"'
the imported Julie 21d. and quite generaUlly all the urine is lost. "There is not much doubt of that, sir."
An imniportaut lesson to be learned of How much the loss is may be inferred "How did you disrover it'
this show is that in the friendly rivalry by the -following table, giving a German "Ob, easily enough. We have ways of
between exhibitors of the four leading estimate of the weight of droppings, liquid Oiur owi. Why, sir, wheau I foulld out
dairy breeds aUl have shown excellences and solid, by the several animals named, 'last night where she lives, what did I do
that insure each strain a continuance of during the year: ni hour afterward but present myself to
prosperity with its own advocates and ad- Cow Horse Sheep Pig the, landlady of the house anti isk her
mirers. In a word, each breed hras a suf- manure. manure. manure, manure, whether she could let me have room for a
ficrent. Inumero mrtsabv, d wrpounds-pounds. pounds. pounds. week or twnit: r didn't tell you there was
client number of merits above the dis- n excrement. ., i a b ill her ndow, A be tinctively American cow to win it a coy- fn urine-... ....60) A a s'lingher window, A betio to let to
eed place in the herds of our country. a single young man.' Well, if I ain't a
eted. ,ace nhhrdoircot.,, 15.M) 1 I.l 1 4 ,1.) single yu:,ung rtan, what Is that to do with
lite To indicate what may be considered ap- anybody-except my wife' I'm a soft
'imhe "Bigit" in Fruit Orchards. proximately the amount of solidly and liquid spoken chap when I like, and before the
"Fire blight" of the pear, the apple, droppings from a given amount of fotd, landlady and nime are together five iiiniutes
quince, etc ,-is one of the most formida- the animals of course having all the water I'm handle and glove with her, anil already
ble diseases to which fruit trees are liable, they want to dr;nk, we give another table a It of a favorite So I take her room
Scientists differ in their opinions, as to from the same authority, as follows: ab e there last. niSht, and the first,
whether it is caused by the sun, the at- Pounds Pounds and sleep therio last ni,,htn and the frsam at
mosphere or an insect. It attacks the dry fodder. dry manure. thing this mornIngon stairs I am at
trees at different periods of the grow-ing A cr pro,'iu.-krd t'reimn.&7. "I7Sit.) the Street door when the postman comes
Aeasot et die-t pe m a A horsgpr.:.-Iued f rom 7; with the letter. Well, sir, would you be-
season from June to September, and gen- A sheep producedi from..- 5 ;i).l '
eraily in the young parts first; the leaves A pig pr.:,,Iceed from... .. 1.40) 6) lieve it, be delivers live letters, and every
fBeg, the sap becomes thick and brown, Add to these figures about. 25 per cent. one of them for Miss Idoa White:' I, ,open-
oozing out in globules through the bark, to represent the straw and waste hay used ing the door fur the postman. take the let-
au,.l has someth.na of a very disagreeable for bedding, and we have a general ap- ters from him and h oandmthemOie y one
odor, and the diseased branch or part proximatiun of the amount, of barnyard to the landlady, n-lcomes puffing and
turns black, as if it were burned by dre. manure made from each of the animals pantingup fr.o'm the baseuient--she weighs
When the pear tree is attacked it is diffi- named. fo dur a Wteen,' e if she -eighs Ouncthe
cult to save it, the disease spreads so rap- '.Mis IdaaWVhite,' says I, giving her the
idly. In apple and qmunce it is less fatal, Fruit Packages. first letter. 'Miss Ida White,' says I, giv-
rarely killing more than a portion of the The refusal of the commission of New ing her the second letter. 'Miss Ida
tree. -York city to return to fruit growers their White,' says I, giving her the-ot-her three,
Authorities differ as widely in their peach baskets, on the plea that it is too one by One. 'Why, it is quite a ccrre-
treatment of fire blight as scientists db in mnch t-rouble to look after-these, and the spofideucel' All these letters are from
ascribing the cause of the disease. The refusal of the growers to give away their Briuloie, si, fr'um betting ffims. I
only c-ffecrive and trustworthy treatment, fruit packages, on the plea that they can- kno' them by theirutsids; I believe
in our -opinion, is. to cur away the. very not afford it, is causing no end of dissat- I should know them by thb smell.
day the disease is' discovered the blight isfaction. At a recent convention of fruit Then, sir, there's something else. AMy
parts into the sound wood, where there is growers of Delaware and Maryland a..res- lady is fond ,:f newspapers. What. kind
not the slightest trace of disease; burn up solution was adopted to dispense with the of newsppea-s;' Why, the sporting ones,
immediately all the diseased portions cut services of all middlemen and make efforts to be sure. The Sportsman, Sporting
off'. As high authority aa P. Barrysays: to get buyers to deal with the growers at Life, Sporting Times, Referee and the
"The only remedy for flre blight- is to cut their own orchards. It was resolued to like. Put this and that together, and
iistantly the, blighted parts into the organize branches bf the fruit exchange what do you make of it, irP"
healthy wood bad burn them up imme- at all shipping -points n. the peninsula, You ar .progressing, Fowler," I said.
diateply." Charles Downing said: "When anud by every means to discourage the Yes, si- we're movng. The landlady,
the disease hae-actually appeared the only shipment, of peaches on. cnsignment; to. bkss her heart, sh din'i suspect n'hat
remedy seems to be the knife and the saw, se-u only to conmmsslo4, men who wil the letters from Boulognearbu
most vigorously applied, to eradicate, agree to pay five cents each for all baskets ,tha a brace of s s I r o
--rysyniptom of diseased and-discolored no.eund' thatc Miss Ida White has teceit-da any
hare'ry od ~ v~ ae not r .etnd.."" .'".- 'nimbc-r of them since she came to live in
hk'orwood Ifo save ydu r t house."
tree, cnt. at, once ofi the first apparent ap inC 'kbs ha' yous any ide whthre ,h a
symptom f hedsese, and be ura younssouanyideawhathorse as
cut it clean out." ... Gapes. in chickens Is thexesult of Worms5 backed?"- -
--Twig bligh'tarttacks the young shootsaof in the thrdar, and a removal of the wormna "I. have an idea_ that she has backed.
tecretsesnsgotan cassis a cur'e for the-. dise~ae. "-ThIse Is most, half- a dozen, and that neither of the
thecurrntsa~s8^ ^^a..^^rhth and case ....
these 16 wither and become brotun orcurly commonly effected by passing. a quill favorites is among .them. Wheit a woman
In mulsummer. The cause is unknown feather dipped' In turpentine -into the bets, she wants filty to one as a rule, and
ani ihe s iTury L ndt _m-terially grea throat and .twisting it arpund'untfl the- as a rtile she gets it, and has to part."
there'e i s-juttr n-atwayral th.frst worms air dislodged. Wht causes these -I debated a moment or two, and then I
Tphearance is ..- at t n r -m i not tlta-ray l a tdersend. fr.mi-. showed Fowler one of the envelopes ad-

Appie blight, like the dreaded fire gating with. carnbol acid Is recommended dressed by Eustace Rutland to his sister..
blight is a serious'disease. It attacks a in bad cases by a good authority in poil- "Are you certain that none of the en-
whole br-nch-or.:U -, nd-tretimes ha f Ut-ailments, but care mus~tbe-taken that velopes you ?.inv this morning were ad-
ott-h &tui is:detryedd before: the-disese ;the chicks are not suffocated bj contin- dressed in this handuiritind'
..ecomes appare-t.to anordinary observer_., ning the treatment tab long.. .- "Quite certain, sir." -
-Agun,- there is no remedy except, to cut "I should lke to e the hous that Miss
in'ay t'he diseased portions- and burn For.a report.of. the transacrtions of the Ida.White lives in, Fowler." -
_. ...'hp ,-.. ?- Americah Horticultural society,.for. the _--"Nothing easier; but I shouldn't go as
Pe a r ie a f b lg ht i a s rt io f- m at th a t y a rap ly to t h e se ere t iry, W B I a m if I w ere y o u -"
abpears-*onr the leaves -dum-in .July and. Ragan..Graenbcaftle; mad. '. -. "w-nvh notr-."'.

",Well, you see, she had a pretty long
examination in court at the Layton trial,
and you were there all the time. She hins
sharp eyes in lher head, has Miss Ida
White, and she might -recognize yIu, andi
smell a rat."'
"You are right. I had better not go."
"I don't see hy you shotuldn't, if you
let me dx you up."
"Fix rme up "
"Yes, sir.''
Hel took from his pocket a small box of
paints and t i:,'or three sets of wias and
whis;kers an,.l t-niitaches.
"I nl.a,- tra'.el vIithi them, sir. I canI
make myself into another macinr in fie
iitiiutes or si:, uand as for a change of
clothes, any iindy cheap c-ot hes shop v ill
serve in., turn. Pitt on th-se said.Jy
wh-liPier. and miu-r.it:thes-always hide
your inotittli. sir-And this sandy uig, and
let ne tiuch you tip a .bit, anii your town
n. ,ther i.,:,ui d n't kn io ,w y ,,u."
I doutiited whether she wol- l chen I
looked tit my-elf in the glass tfter carry-
ing out Fo-wler's mistrurtiotis, andl ill 1-s
tharin a qiLrt>;r ,f aun hoiuir %, were riding
in a four w-Leeied cab to Brixttn. We
ahlihted i thii n a couple of hundretl yards
of Miss liiA White's loulgings, and Fowiler
took rue hioll intom the house, requesting
ame on thIc- V"- y thither to try and discover
tho reni workmg uiider himiv who were
kee[iiit' wvitch upon the lady's maid's
uimetments. To his gratification, I failed
to >diis'j\er them.
"Then you didn't see roe give the office
to them.i."' he asked.
"No," I replied.
"I did, though, utinder your very nose.
That is a giuarautee to you, sir, that the
thing is b, i'ac neatly done. Miss White
is Inthe hijiuse. If she were not, my nien
would'rit be mu the street. Did you hear
the snapping of a lock down stairs:'"
We were sitting at the window of Fow-
kr's roroo, wilidi -was situated on the
second rlu-or. It was the front roomni, and
we coulti thi -re fore see into the street
"It "as thie key turning in rn y lady's
room. Sh-e is going out. There's t.he
streust d,:or slamming. You heard that,
Of course,.'
"Yes, I heard that."
"Aiud there is Miss Ida White crossing
the road to lthe opposite side of the way,
and there, sir, are- my men following her,
wit-bout 'her haring the slightest suspi-
cion that she is being tracked."
My sicht is strong, and I had a clear
view of Ift White. She was stylishly
dressed, aid nwas certainly good looking
,'It is nfy opinion," said Fowler, "that
sbe feathered her nest when she was in
Mrs. Ln t.iii's service; but I dou't care
how nmuch money she may have saved or
filched, if slhc goes :on betting on horses
the hook makers will have every penny
of it."
There was nothing more to be done,
and feeling somewhat ill at ease in my
disguise I prepared to leave. -
,"I will see you out of the street, sir,".
said-..owier. "It happens often enoutigh
that tcliers are watched, without their
being a.re of it."
Before r-tade F'owler coo-l diay I inm-
presed"rl'pon him-thaRt no money was to
be spared in the business I had intrusted
to him, arid- that -he had better engage
two or three men, to be ready for any
emergency that n-rdgbt occul'. He prom-
ised to do so and I made my way home.

Before commeucing an account of what
has been done. and what discovered,
I cannot refrain from writing one sen-
tence. Success has crowned our efforts.
There is no need here to minutely de-
scribe our proceedings on Monday and
Tuesday. Sufficient to -ay that I was in
constant communication with Fowler-
who is. a most trustworthy fellow, and
shrewd to the tips p.of his nails-and that
I had occasion ot Tuesday to again as-
sume my disguise. On Tuesday night. I
saw Dr. Daiincourt, and was glad to learn
from himn that there was an improvenmeut
in Miss Rutland's condition.
"Due," he observed, "in a great meas-
ure to certain assurances I irnparted to
her in a voice so distinct and cheerful as
to impress itself upon her fevered him-
"'That- is good news," I said. "You are
administering what she recquiires-medi-
cine for the-. mindl."
I come now at once to the account of
one of the most exciting days-the Derby
day of lIS5-I have ever pas-ed through.
Fowler was in my houseat. 7o'ciock in the
morning, and brought with him a suit of
elothes which he wished mte to wear. He
had forewarned me thathe had intended to
make a change in his own appearance, and
I was therefore not surpriseil when he
presented himself in the guise of a well to
do farmer who had come to London to see
the Derby.
"Miss .White is going, sir," lie said,
"and we are going, too. I have lIeen liv-
ing in the hois.e with her these last. two
days. and '"it is im.orLanit that she
should not recognize me. I have a piece
of satisfactory information for you. It Is
an even bet that before this day is out I
bring you face to face with Mr. Emustace
"If you do," said I, "you will lose
nothing by it. Bring me into the same
room as .that young mau and I will wring
"Dont get excted, sir," said Fowler.
"Keep cool. 'You hare had a good night's
rest, I hope?" .,
: "YesJI slept well."
"That's right. Make&a hearty break-
fast, asjI am going to do. W.e shall need
all our ,strength. It, is going to be a
heavy day for us." -
"Where does Ida White start from?" I.
"I can't tell you, sir. .1 pumped the
lhudlady, of -the house, but she knew
nothing except that a new bonnet, had
arrived for our lady bhrd. Miss White is
as close as wax, bur that pew. bonnet
means the Derby, if it. means anything.
She can't very n'ell start before 9 o'clock,
and we shall be on the watch for her not
later than 8:30. I have Lsx .men engaged
in the affair, sir. It will cost something."
"Never mindi the cost," I "said; "It is
the last thing to be cofisidered."
"That is. the way to work to success.
Many.a ship is. spoiled for a ha'porth of

-. .. _, .l_' -' : : -, .- -- r. .
" t.-y ". ; ---. . .--- 2.- *-f -
'. ?: .r _, -= ._: _ --


tar. We shall come out of th
ant, or my name is not Fowle
His confident, hopeful mannt
me with confidence, and after
a substantial breakfast we bot
Brixton. Fowler had hired a
hour, with a promise of double
driver, to w-homrn he gave expli
tlions. We did not enter the
lingered at the corner of a str
distance iron it, and at. 9:-1
White close.I tIhe street, door
Secret signal passed between
his men, andl we followed the
the cab l-iich Fowler had eug-
ing iu our rear without attraeut
tiou. Miss White sauntered 1:.
came to a cable stand, and ente
was driven away. We were
like a shot. Two other cabs
the same time, and I lea
Fo.wler that they were hired
"Don't. think, I have drawn
forces, sir," Ite ?aid. "Alt
White has left the house, ti
men on i uat.:h, whon w-Jil r'iUt:
whole of the day She has stn
It will oiake if all. the easier f,
Miss White's cab stopped
station', andm we stopped also.
"She's a s.mnrt looking v
whispered Fowler tI, me.
"She has a splendid complex
"Put on, sir," said Fowlc
"put on. Leave a lady's m
learn the tricks of the face."
Id.a \-White purchased a firsi
for Epsom Downus, and we di
Had I followed my own judgnm
have avoided the carriage in
White traveled, but Fowler p
before him, and got in afterwa
Ing under his command, I di
tate. He hail purchased a
newspapers, and shortly atfte
hb surprised me rtyopeningf
tion with a stranger. He s
Lancashire accent, and I" s
been deceive d by his voice had'
sitting by my side. The suhjei
wvas the )i-rby, and he apj
eacer to obtain information
nierits anud chances of the -v
Meanwhile, Miss White, w
pur-chased every sporring pa
had taken fromni her pocket a r
in which the performances -of
n-etre recorded. She stulied
vntlth great seriousness, an'
ltniaLly eu:,nulring the ne'
as,:ertain bow far the op;n
spor.tnZ piurophiets agreed wit
niattiunr .:.t the iuthornty with w
provi.lel hrse-ielf. "So," thou
young wouian, whose n hilt
w-aipped up in racing matters
young wo-man who in court d1
she hated races and betting
fore we were half an hour on
I felt perfectly at ease in her
was clear that she considered
and autong strangers. The
btwreen Fowlert and the ge
came more ainmJated; others
and I observed that Miss W
tinol ws 3att'e, to their
Every -unow and then she ma
random irni a small metalbh i
fore we arrived at Epsom
allowed herself to be .draw
versation, and fre'ely c-spress.
ions upon the horses that we-
the blue ribbon cof the turf
venture to address her, hut
no fear, and extracted from h
of the tuorses she believed to ,i
chauces. He slapped his th
cldared that he should back thb
We alightedl at Epsom Doi
to the race course. The great
day bad not yet set in, but,
grand stand was scarcely
filled, there were already man
had taken up a favorable p
which to see the principal rac
Fowler improved upon is
with Miss White, and I ol
strucrions lio managed to c
'not to stick too close to bin
lose sight- of him, however, a
he came and iaid to me, in a
"It's all right, sir; I'm ]
way. I've told her where I e
Lancashire, and that I am a
with a goorish bit of property
just fallen to ime through the
father. I've given her my
some printed yesterday in cas
be winted. Wo are going
have a bit of luncheon befc
Up stairs wve went to the loi
wbhere Fowler called for a
champagne, in which we drain
to each other. It vas only) b
tions that we mnianaged, aft
sque'zr- ourselves into the I
The crush was terrific up
stairs, and Miss Ida White
fared badly had it not been
gallant attentions.
I have no intention to desci
It presented all the usual 1
Derby, to which I paid butlii
attention beiug concentrated
fda White. She was great
There were some booknuakl
-grand stand' shouting out. t
she must have invested at l
sovereignus' on different hers
against which ranged from 4
.The race was over. -Melto
the winner.- I knew that Mis
not backed Melton for a sh
watched the effect the resul
had-upon her. Her lips q
eyes glared furiously about.
angel, is sbeP'" thought I
:much of the angel there."
A-.stampede commenced I
ground. The grand stand was
Then It-was that I saw at
just come up give a secret to'
gence to Fowler, after which
few pacds away, and stood tw
toward Miss \Wldte. Fowlet
with a negligent air, and v
"I am very sorry you lost,
Miss White, "and quite as i
must wish you good by."
He took her aside and had
versation with her, in the cot
he slipped something into her
which her fingers instantlycl
fug hands with her, he bed
and we left the grand stand.


is friumph- "What (lid you give her?" I asked. --
r. "Only a card," he said, "with an ad-
ner inspired dress In Londuin to whiich she could write *
partaking of to tit if she felt inclined. I told'her that '
h set, out for I had never seen a, lady I admired so'
i cab by the much, and -that I' hoped sh'e wiuld give
e fare to the me the opportunityof becoming friends
;cit instruc- withL her. In anhonorable way-oh, quite-
Shouse; we in au honorable way," he added, with-a ,.
reet at some laugh.
40 Miss Ida "And what are you leaving her for
Behind her. now I inquired.
Fowler and "Bec.use I know where Mr. Eustace
lady's maid, Rutland is toi be found," he replied. "It
gagedl crawl- will take t-wo or three horns to get to'the
ring atten- place, and I suppose it is best to lose no-
,n mt-dl she timee"
irig a cab, "Dei.idrlily the best," I said; "but how
Saflter her ahbocut Ida White" -
s started at "She is safe enough. My men are all.. -
arned frout around liher. She won't be left for an in-
by his umen. stunt, v, lierever she mnav go. 'I1he gentle-
off all cmy mani I entered into conversation with in'
hough Miss tihe train was one of my fellows. You are -
hcre are tvwo a great lav-yer, sir, hbat. I think I could
tin there the teach ..viu something-." .
mrted eairly. "I hat'e i.n doubt y:u could. "'Where
or us." does En-t.zce Rutlauil live:""
at Vi:lor'ia "Il ti'r0;0yioI, at sonie distance from the
station "
emrnan, sir," We did t,:,t reach Croydilon until pat 6
and it % as nearly another hour before we
exion," I re- arrive at the address which Fowler had
-r smniJin;- "That is the house, sir, hesaid, point-
aid alo:nc to ing to it. "It doesn't look very flourish-
L class ftcket It w-as one of a terrace of eiaht sad
'1 the saoce. looking tenements, two stories in height,
lent I -hould and evidently' occupied by people in a
i which Miss humble statitun of life. "
pushed muie in "Before we go hu, sir," said Fowler, "I-
arml, and, lie- must put you in possession of thieinfor-
id not hesi- matiou I hav,- gained. .Mr. Eustace Rut-
numbier of land dcoes not live there"'-I started-b"but
r we starteth Mr. Fenw:ick does. The young gentleman
a converca- has thought lit to change his name; that
pok-e vith a is suspicious. He has lived there the last
lhinu.d have two weeks, having come probably from
I h.? not iteen sr'me better known locality, the where-
;t, of c'iirse, aiouts of which I shall learn by and by.
preareul to be Wiien I isay he came from some better
Sas t, the kuown locaLity I am not quite exact; it
various runtm- will be moui,, correct to say he was brought
from some better known locality. Hejvwas
bho had also very ill, scarcely able to walk, and is still
per she saw, icry wja-k, 1 an given. ti un(lerstand.
acing rnude, Now, sir, \'ahit do yu prourpcop to dIo? Do
f the hornes y.Tou wish rile to g-, in with you, or -ill
I this guide yo:u see tli.- young gentleman alone, with-
d was con- out witnesses'"
vispapers to "You are th" stull eif discretion, -no-.
ionS of the ler," I said, "and of shrewdnes-s. I must
h the infer- see the y,1,-,g gentleman alone, and vi- 'th-
vhic.h she bad out tW-rvri.ses. Meanwhile you Y cai remain
ught I, "this IJu the buie, rcady at nmy ali, it I should
a soul seems require,,:,i;. Keep all strangers from the
, is the same rooun while am closeted w-itub hjn,." .
declared that I knocked at the door and -Liitdredi oft
men." Be- the viomrjin vhbo opened-it-foi" Mlr-Fen-_
our journey wick. She asked me what I-wantecd,:and -
presence. Itn who Mr. Fenwick was. -..
herself safe, "'Mr. Feiwick lodges here," I aid.- "l-
couiversatiou am a friend of his, and I wih t.o see
ntlemau be- him."
s joined in, "How-do you .know :he _lodges erel'.. -
hite's atten- askedlthe wbmanu.- :-.:.. : "-
iutteran:'cs. "Simnpipy," replied Fowler, "because we -
de a nriruo- happ'e-to-have recelivil-a-letter-Bnoum-hmm--=
took. and ibc- t-th tiLLs address upon it.. -What's your
Dovnms she little ginme, eh, that. you want todeny him
n into con- -to us"' : -- .-.
ed- liher opmin- .As lie spoke h e pusherld his way intu tu e -e
re to run for passrs_':-, and I -fllowed.- The avoman
. I did not lotoke- l :-lplesly at.'us; and when Fowler
Fowler had sa:d, wita fore-finger uplifted wai-ningly, -
er the names "Take caret what you are about," ahere-
have the best plied: "I don't know what to d.,; I am
igh, and de- only following out my instructions."
r-a. "Your instructions,',. said Fowler, i"wera
-ns and rode not to present Mr. Fenwick's friends from
trush ot the seeing him." : :.-
atlth'ough tho "l-.was told to =admit no oue,"' the-wol ,
a third part man said.. -
ny there who "And pray who told you''" demanded
position front Fowler. "The lady:' -
2e of the day. "Yes, sir," said the woman. "Miss
acquaitance Porter."
eyed the in- "Oh, Miss Porter,"_eXrnlaimed Fowler.
onrvey to me "A fruehd or ours also. Dark skirnTed.
u. I did not Black Lir. Bi.ac k eyes.'Ifei.lips. White
ud presently banuds. Rather slim. About five foot :
u undertone: four., .... ..
raking head- "Yes, sir," said the woman.
Cname from in Fowler hIad llriven a 'pretty faithful
a single man description of Miss Ida White.
ty which has "Well, then," said Fowler, whose
death of my ready u-it compelled my admiration,
card-I had "there is no occasion to anoeince ts to
:e they might Mr. Feniwick. Show this tenitleutan the
uip stairs to room, and while they're cihatinig together
're the races I will have a little chat with you." -
"It is on the first floor," said the
nc heon room, woman
bottle of dry "Of course it.is," said Fowler, "the
nk good luck first floor front, thoe room with thea blind
y great exer- pulled down. Do you think I don't
ter lunch to know it? How is the young.gentleman?"
grand strnd. "Not at alln-well, sir." -
the narrow I heard this reply as I ascended -the
would have stairs, in compliance with a motion of
for Fowler's Fow.'ler's head. When I arrived at the
-dloor of the room occupied '.by Fenwick,
ribe the race. otherwise Eustace- Rutlaid,. I did not
features of a knock, but I turned the handle and.
tle heed, my entered. A- young 'gentleman who had
d upon Miss been lying oun tbe-'e sofa jumped up.upon -.
itly excited, my entrance, and cried: -
kers on the '."Who are y6u? What do you want.?"
he odds, and I closed the door ana turned the key in
east a dozen the lock. .
se, the odds .. _"rWhat do'you do that for:"' he ex-
0'to 60 to-I. claimed. .
on was hailed, "You will very soon know," Itiepled.
is White had' "lam here for the purpose of'havingga
illlng, and I few min'uites' conversation with-' Mr.-
tof the race shall I-sa Fenwick.." -.:' .-
ulvered, her emIt is nmy'nanie." _
"Ida Is an- "If I did not,'come as a friend I should
"AhI not dispute It-, and even as a friend I--shall
venture to dispute it. Your proper, name
:o the lower is Efstace putland." "- -- ..' -; ._. "
i half empty. He fell back upon the sofa, white aid .
nan who had' trembling. -. ;.' '. ..'-- r -
ok of intelli- "What do you mean?-* Why-are-you .
he strolled a here'" he gasped. ,.:",t .- "--. ,-s; ,
rith his back "I will tell you,' Isaid. "The time
r joined him for evasion and cottcealimet:'ispast;,Y..tr :
'ery soon re- sister'---- :^;.;-:,. -. .;. ,;.';'ir"i.,' i... ,
"My sister I'.'.I.terrupted Eatace.-e"f' ..,
," he said t,- 'do nQt.understaAnd you., -, .- .. '.
sorry that I "You,d0,umiderstaud me. you hiavea a :
"sister-a twin, sister--whoseo name^_ is.
a brief con- 'Mabel. She lies at the pointtof death and, -
crso of which you have brought her to it,.'.'. ..':.:..'...' .
r palm, ujpou [ETO B ooTiUUD:] "-- .*,"'-T'... : .
osed; Shak- h -" ... ^-- ::-' -" -
coned to"me, Wash -horae-collars with ca'roho,'soap,,:. : ..
and thenoilthe inside." -""-.^ A-"' .
'- ... --... ... ;.:., :,' _'-'m -.
... .. _.;: : ,:
_-'. ...- 4'?;--.,'^ ., '.-c-i -r = e'*-^


: /larididnm.
State News in Brief.
-Brooksville is talking up an artesian
w --Tbe artesian -vell at Key West is
down over 800 feet.
-The Seminole Indians had their green
corn dance last week at Tallahassee's
,--Waldo makes the brag that she will
ship more grapes this season than any
other town in Florida.
-Leesburg will have three hotels open
during the summer, the Union, Central
and Leesburg hotels.
-Mr. W. Powell, living a mile and a
half from Orlando, saved 63J dozen
eggs from 50 fowls during the month of
-A grower at Clear Water Harbor
has shipped 185 crates of cucumbers
from one half acre of land, which realiz-
-Henry McBridge. of Melbourne, has
ripe lemons on a tree that sprung up
from the root of a tree only seventeen
months old.
-Mr. F. 0. Warner and Mr. Thomas
Parkes are about to start a wire and
picket fence factory in Sanford. The ma-
chinery is all in place.
-The town council of Eustis, at its
meeting last Tuesday evening, appropri-
ated $1,000 toward the work of claying
Bay street and Magnolia avenue.
-Rev. Ben Helm, of Ocala, leads the
van in growing Presbyterian sunflowers.
He has one monster, which is thirty-five
inches in circumference.
-Lester Granger, of Kissimmee, has
raised a squash.weighing sixty and one-
half pounds and measuring four fedt and
ten inches in circumference.
-Mr.' Sowers, of Seneca, has now
1,200 vines growing, embracing thirty-
five varieties of American grapes, and is
making a complete success of their cul-
-As fine an apple as was ever raised
in a Mohawk Valley or Michigan orchard
is on exhibition at Palatka. It was
grown on the premises of Mr. Forward.
-Mr. S. F. Tiner, of Hawthorn, says
he is budding cabbage on the old-time
collard, ahd that he will make a success.
He is going to bud some for the winter,
next week.
-Mr. J. L. Cutler, proprietor of the
.* Mangrove tannery, at Fort Meyers, re-
ceived a leopard skin from Texas to,be
tanned. The excellence of the work
turned out at this tannery is attracting
great attention, and is becoming famous.
-Some days ago the negro fire com-
: -pany of Kissimmee took some of the
Shoseof the firedepartment out to Whil-
dentowvn to test a hydrant. Upon hang-
ingupthe hose after itsreturn a fourteen-
S inch 'gator dropped out looking as lively
as a cricket.
I -Dr. Cromwell brought into Gaines-
-ille Friday morning a hill of teosinte,
Which came from one seed. There are
.. 33 good stalks on it, the highest of which
Sis eight feet. It willaverage seven feet.
It was planted about the last'of March.,
-The Marianna correspondent of the
Times-Uniorn, under date of June 21,
says : Drummers say that the agricul-
tural scenes between this place and Camp-
hellton, a stretch of eighteen miles, are
the finest they witness anywhere on
their country trips, and as they have a
well trained eye to business they are
good judges.
-The corn and cotton crops of old
Jackson are a perfect sight. Thousands
of acres stretched out in successive fields,
makes the eyes of all spectators dance
and the heart of planter and merchant
glow. These crops, which are our
staples, are extraordinary, and the times
will be good.
-The 'Chipola Hotel Company, char-
tered by our recent Legislature,is shaping
its measures to begin work at building
S by August 1st. This town will be one
of the mwst attractive points in West
Florida for ihose who admire pretty
places and beautiful natural scenery.
-The Gas Company of Sanford have
now under oiperalion, andsoon to be
S completed, an elevated railway designed
for the purpose of unloading and car-
rVying coal up to the coal sheds. They
have dock -4x50 feet, which extends
u. Ut in the.riyer to such a distance as to
afford the vessels depth of water enough
to land. .
S .-The drilling on the artesian well in
DeLand is progressing, the lost drill
S point having been disposed of by drill-
ing a pocket in one side of the well and
pushing the point into it. This was
done by making acrooked drill and drill-
b 'ing only one side until a pocket large
enough was formed to receive the lost
drill point and deep enough so that it
: would be out of the way when the well
was continued on down. Two hundred
and twenty feet is the depth now
-Contractor S. J. Fox is building a
drawbridge across the new Haulover
canal, the company having been ordered
to do so by Brevard authorities. It is
not once in six months that this bridge
S' .' will be needed, and as it entails expense
upon ihe canal company which must
be met, it will result in the immediate
collection of toll on vessels passing
through, whereas it was not intended to
do this until January 1st, and possibly
not then.-Indian River Star.
-Mr. Girardeau, of Jefferson county,
Florida, has about 250 acresof fine water-
melons now ready for market, and with
the prospect of a fine crop. Mr. Girar-
deau ha's perfected a variety which com-
bines the twoessential quality ies for a ship-
ring crop-fine quality and good-keep-
ing'condition for shipment. The repu-
tation of his melons is such that he is
enabled tomakea profitable disposition of
hisseed to the large seed housesto whom
lie sells many thousands of pounds at
compensating prices.-Monticello Con-


-A new industry has been developed
by Mr. T. P. Jones and Dr. Kendrick, of
Anthony, in the creation of a goat farm
some three miles east of the town. Mr.
J. is superintendent, and during the
year the project has been started they
have met with most gratifying results.
The projectors started with about 100
head and now number some 400. Only
the male young are sold. all the females
kept to increase the flock. They find
ready Pale for the kids at from $2 up to
$8.50 and $4 per head to our local meat
men. The proprietors are ambitious to
increase their herd to 1,000 head.-
Ocala Banner.
-The Palatka correspondent of the
Times-Union, writing under date of June
23,says: We learn'from a reliable source
that the St. Johns and Halifax and St.
Augustine and Palatka Railway mana-
gers, together with those of the J., T. &
K. W., have decided to bridge the river
at Palatka and make the terminal point
with the latter's railroad dock in this
city. Major McGlaughlin and President
White were in the city td-day, when this
was decided upon. We learn that Major
Conant, of. the Florida Southern, is
pleased with the results- and that now
the matter is settled. Workmen are at
work over the river framing the bridge,
and parties have contracts to get out the
logs. To complete this enterprise will
occupy about ninety days, if the weather
is favorable. As to the passage for teams
and passengers on foot, that is left to
the city and county to decide. It Would
require at least $10,000 additional, and
the keeping in repair would amount to
no little in the course of a year. The
White road has disposed of its rolling
stock,and by the time the bridge is com-
pleted it will be changed into the stan-
dard gauge.


How a Nephew of Napoleon Be-
came a Florida Planter.
Few indeed visit Tallahassee without
making dutiful pilgrimages to the home
where Madame Murat's latteryears were
spent, and to the enclosure in the ceme-
tery where simple shafts mark the rest-
ing places of' .the Prince and his wife.
Yet not unfrequently there is but little
accurate knowledge of the Murats.
Who were they? Why did they come to
All students of history are familiar
with the- life of Joachim Murat, the'
active and brilliant soldier, the dashing
cavalry officer, Marshal of the Empire,
Grand Admiral and Prince of the French
Empire, who was, in 1808, made by Napo-
leon King of Naples under the title of
King Joachim Napoleon.
, He left the affairs-of his Kingdom-in,
the hands of his wife Caroline, who was,
by the way, the youngest sister of the
first Consul, while he accompanied Na-
poleon to Russia. On the retreat: the
command of the army was given him',
and the Emperor afterwards accused
him of incapacity.
Burning with indignation, Murat
endeavored to gain the friendship
of Austria. He afterwards fought
with Napoleon against Germany, but,
after the battle of Leipsic, returned to
Naples and entered into negotiations
with Austria and England. Austria en-
tered into an alliance with him, but as
England refused to do so, his. situation
was by no means a safe one. The En-
glish, at the Congress of Vienna, ac-
cused him of treachery, and his de-
thronement was urged by the Bour-
In 1815 he took up arms, called the
Italians to independence, and attacked
the Austrians. Austria took the field
against him and defeated him at Macer-
ata. Now deserted by his army, be en-
tered Naples as a fugitive, but the
country having declared against him,'
he fled inii disguise to Ischia, whence he
sailed to Cannes.: His family found a
home in Austria, After the overthrow
of Napole On. Murat escaped to Corsica.
There he formed the plan of regaining
his lost throne, in which project he was
encouraged by a few adherents, who
were willing to risk all for his success,
and by certain enemies who wished to
compass his ruin.
He set sail with six vessels, but his
fleet was dispersed by a gale on the
coast of Calabria. Murit would now
have sailed to Trieste, but the captain
of the vessel insisted upon landing.
Murat then went on shore. When he
would have returned he was seized, car-
ried in chains to Pizzo, court martialed,
and condemned to be shot. He met his
fate with the courage which had never
forsaken him.
His wife and children remained at
Trieste under the protection of Austria.
and after a few years the eldest son,
Achille, sought, and found a home in
In 1826 Achille Murat was married to
Mrs. Gray, the daughter of Byrd Willis.
one of the early immigrants to Florida.
It was reported in France thatMurat had
married a peasant, and, notwithstanding
the fact that peasantry was not recog-
nized in America, the statement was
credited. But Madame Murat, belong-
ing to a good Virginian family, proba-
bly felt quite as much pride of ancestry
as her husband did.
"Those who would expect to find in
Col. Murat a man of stereotyped society
manners." writes Mrs. Long itn "Florida
Breezes," "would be much disappointed.
He was ordinary in figure and extraor-
dinary in the carelessness of his dress.
and in his manner free, sometimes
coarse. The shape of his head. the style
of his hair. and some expression of the
face. suggested his renowned uncle. He
was intelligent, learned .and accom-
plished-a moat charming conversation-
alist; but, though bouyant and energetic,
suggested a man without a future. It
is the more admirable, therefore, to see
the boldness and cheerfulness with
which he wiped out this past. and set-
tled down to be an American citizen,
enrolling himself as lawyer and planter:
"But it was Madame that gave tone to
their home. Beautiful, sweet

tempered, cheerful, genial. she beam- of the islands during the flood season are
ed radiantly upon all within her underwater. None of them are large,
reach; softening and refining with an or at most contain over three acres. The
angelic grace. A 'wedded further south one' travels the greater the'
couple more unlike was rare* seen. height and size of the trees become, un-
Yet good sense and feeling produced til, in and about the headwaters of
a reasonable harmony." Sharks river, they expand into the great
A period of plantationlife was followed forests skirting the Gulf and Atlantic
by a visit to Europe, and two or three coasts.
years were spent abroad. Forbidden to VEGETATION.
enter France or Italy, the Muratis spent The Everglades pre-sent a world of vez--
the greater part of their time in Bel- etable life of a semi-tropical character.
glum; an agreeable year was spent in The India rubber tree abounds in suffi-
England, then the "American citizen&" cient growth to suggest its subjection to
returned to their home in Florida. utility. Many of the trees are of large
When Louis Napoleon came into pow- size, varying from twenty to fifty feet in
er he made Madame Murat a pensioner height, and having diameters often ex-
of the government, the pension being feeding two feet. Their growth is sug-
paid regularly until her death. gestive of many purely tropical species,
The inscription on the monument of the limbs bending over and taking root
the Prince, in the cemetery at Tallahas- in the soil. When notched they emit a
see, is as follows: white fluid in large quantities, which
SDeprted this life April 18 1847, gradually thickens and becomes dark in
CHARLESpare tni e Aril 88 color. The cabbage-palms are the most
Son of the King of Naples and CarolinMurat, conspicuous objects throughout the re-
Son o the Kg o Naplgion. They grow on all islands, and on
Aged 47. '""' i
Aged 7 the outskirts. Their appearance in a
This monument is dedicated by his wife Cath- otits Tr apaa ia
e rine, in perpetual memory of her love." wind-storm is very much like a cluster
of inverted umbrellas braced against a
On a similar-moiunment near by is this gale.
inscription: The cypress presents the same.peculiar
"Sacred to the memory of appearance here as elsewhere, Its roots
PRINCESS C. A. MURAT, bend over, above ground and water, with
WifeotCol. Ohas. Louis Napoleon AchileMurat, an appearance not unlike a human knee
Daughter of the late Col. Bn ird C. illis,of when doubled. These innumerable pro-
Daghter of the la Bird C. Wisojections, appropriately termed "cypress
Who departed I his life on the 6th of August, 1867, knees," are undoubtedly the culmination
in the 69th year of her age. of an effort on the part of nature to prop-
A kind and affectionate wife and sister, a sincere agate new trees, with the result of pro-
and devoted friend. during rudimentary trunks. Button-
'None knew her but to love her; wood, ash and other trees are lound on
None named her but to praise,' the islands, and intersperse the environ-
This monument is erected to her memory byher ing clumps of woodland. The most
bereaved brother and sister dense semi-tropical growth lies between
THE EVERGLADES. Lake Okeechobee and tlr'e saw-grass.
Here is a belt of trees comprising every
Their App c species of the region, thickly interlaced
Their Appearance, Vegetation with the vines of gourd, and often form-
and Animal Life. ing a solid, almost impenetrable wall.
Th.e Everglades o f Southern Florida As one follows the small streams feed-
comprise van area of some 4,000 square ing thelarn r ke the roots of the vines and
miles. Of this domain about two-thirds trees gradually conjoin beneath, and the
is generally regarded as irreclaimable, branches interweave overhead, until a
uninhabitable and almost impenetrable. corridor is formed, which at last termi-
The Atlantic, washing the eastern bor- nates ab.ruptly. The vines are weighted
d.er. is shallow for miles from the shore. with gourds in profusion, which are
There are no approaches inviting to the small in size, and look as if they nad
traveler, few inducements withinto pro .been polishedrom thea lapidary. As oneuic
long is vsit.passes south from the lake, the aquatic
long his visit... .
A section borderingtheextreme-north- jungle is succeeded by a swamp of cus-
ea Everglades comprising the Le tard apples; then follows a swamp of
ern Everglades, comprising .the Lake ^ ^ ai cu ilwte
Okeechobee region, is becoming sub- .ar pea a .d scrub willow; then a'
ejected to the uses of agriculture by an swamp of marsh grass, which connects
extensive drainage system 'projected'by with the great domain of Eaw-gras.
the ~ ~ 'I AtatcadGlyos aa n The warm pea is 'a remarkable. aquatic
the Atlantic and Gulf Coast Canal and somewna resem n-^eatr
Okeechobee Land Company. The lake, plant, somewhat resembling the water
covering an area of.'1.000 square miles, ly itrowsrohc 'errin lrnds
was found to be twenty-two feet 'above and itsroots produce a terrible burning
high tide, and by means of a canal con- and stbinging sensation when in contact
nesting it with'the Caloosahatchee river wit-theflesh.vrThe leaves of the warm
on the west, its level has beenmaterially _pe are often very large, exceedi. ltone
lowered, and a system ot interior navi- -.,foot in hia-met r. The scrub Twillow'
gation made is now open As the water grows'-to a height of some five feet. The
gradually lowers, hundreds of stem is slender, but the roots grow to
graduallylowers, hundreds of thousands -^ "o~a^ l^ ,. e
of s f c enormous size comperalively. The
of acres of choice land are ixnsaed. -grass greatly
x .. .d." marsh grass and saw-grass greatly e-
EXPLORATIONS. s emble each other, each occupying its
The vaster domain of the Everglades own territory. The saw-grass is high,
lying to the south of Lake Okeechobee stiff and cutting, often exceeding fifteen
may be regarded as an aquatic jungle, feet in height. Whites and Indians
wild, weird, and tangled in wonderful alike, in penetrating glades, find 'it
semi-tropic vegetation, intermingled necessary to take advantage of a wind
with masses of chaotic rocks. To say blowing ahead of them, and burn their
that the Everglades are entirely impene- way.
trable is not in accordance with fact. It ANIMAL LIFE.
is true that the United States engineers Bird life in the Everglades is varied
have failed to explore the region, as di- and interesting. 'Unfortunately the vast
reacted at various times by the War De- tribes of ducks, curlews and other edible
apartment; also, that the enterprise of birds never migrate. These do not know
the New York Herald, successfully di- what the sound of fire-arms means. They
rected in other ventures, failed in the can be killed with a stick, and often
south of Florida. One meets, however, taken in hand. It is unfortunate that
an occasional adventurous spirit who has they are satisfied, with this s'clu.ed
penetrated the Everglades and brought country. They fly but little, and their
back a wealth of incidents and sketches functions of flight are undergoing apro-
nllustraltre of bns trip by sail and pad-
l. ustrativeo his trip by sail and pad- cess of degeneration. Their flesh is
u.The most a v .- wormy, soft and unfit to eat. As illus-
oration of t pretentious and valuable et made x- trative of the doctrine of natural selec-
ploraiono the Everglades yet made tion, of course it is fortunate for them
was project d by major ENowarda. that they are non-mipratory, otherwise
Burke, proprietor of the New Orleans they could become flesh for man, and
nTimes-Democrat. The expedition was more or less destroyed. Unmolested as
Sconducted by Major A. P. Williams, and they ae in the middle and southern
consisted of a dozen men, canoes and glades-tere is no bird life in the aw-
sail boats. The party entered the Ever- 'glas-t hieree i n ubeir ofebirs h all
glades at the most otenpito rs eton-h ubr fbrao l
gladesat the most southern point of kinds is enormous and of great annual
Lake Okeechobee, running a nearly increase. Here are a dozen species of
straight line through to White Water her. ns the ter turk.y. buzzards,
Bay, on the southwest coast of Florida, blackbirds and others, which literally
where it arriveduafter twenty uays, ,i a, . ,,=,,,h.
where it arrived after twenty days. swarm down on the trees at night, and
Much of the path through the 'glades make the morning hideous with the din
had to be literally cut and burned, owing of cries and flap of wings. They 'war
to the excessive growth of scrub willow., liteit each other. as in most locali-
saw-grass, custard apples. etc.. During ties, but join in the general extermina-
the.progress of the party eight rivers tion of insect and molluscan life.
were discovered and explored and in- hich has been nearly
numerable islands named. Explortion 'The alligator', whi has been nearly
bydretion of Maj orBurke may be a exterminated in many localities, exists in
by directionof Major Burke may be 9 ast numbers in the Everglades and 6n-
to have.been more or less continuous in t. nu e man tleceverglaes andme
this region during the past several years. ns. In many places these animals
patNvRYer.follow the canoe or other craft penetrat-
SENERY.' tig the grassy streams. At such times
If oue had the advantage of an ele- they resemble a flotilla, and are spoken
vated position at thlecamp of Tiger Tail. of as a "flotilla of alligators." Some-
and the same rare atmosphere which times they will approach a canoe, and
pervades the valley of great Salt Lake, "nios6" it with evident curiosity. If in
the spectacle visible for 100 miles-tothe the path of the canoe, or lying along its
south would differ from any other to be course, they wvill dive under. it and join
seen on the globe. A thousand square the. flotilla in the rear. They are totally
miles of tall saw-grass would be seen oblivious to fire-arms, and evidently take
spreading out nearly in the shape of an no notice of their members who have
artist's palette. Toward the far end would been shot sud are writhing in death ago-
be sten series of little inland lakes fed nies. No doubt adventurous spirits will
with miniature rivers, each lakelet sys- some day fi6 nd her a, fertile field for alli-
tem having the appearance of a cuttle gator skins, which are now in fair de-
tish. Irterblending with the lakes, mand.
thousands of islands would be visible far Fur-bearing mammals inhabit the Ev-
beyond the saw-grabs sea. ergladesin'great numbers. The wild cat
The appearance of the middle and ia occasionally seen stretching on an In-
southern Everglades is that of a large dia rubber or other tree, and the deer
inland sea, thickly dotted with islands, and bear pursue prey, or are pursued,
between which the water presents in- into the marsh. The saw-grass, where
numerable rocky projections and a mass the stillness is as oppressive as within
"of floating vegetation. The islands are the folds of an arctic night, and the heat
the natural home of the cabhage-palm, as stifling as in an African jungle, offers
wild fig and custard apple trees. The no inducement for fin, feather, scale or
soil on them is very thin, composed'al- hoof. The most notorious pests of this
most entirely of the debris of decayed region are the leeches. These animals
plant life. The islandsare often unstable, are as numerous within the wateras the
having an insecure foundation of roots: Insects without. They do not hesitate
others rest on bed-i'ock, and can be to attack a boot, and failing to reach the
trusted to remain in the same place over flesh through the LItter, make their way
night. One has to be careful, however, up the limbs and bore through the trous-
that the thin soil crust does not break ers. Even without the annoyance of the
through and bury the intruder many feet countless leeches, wadmgin the marsh is
in soft mud. Cabbage Island is the most accompanied with great difficulties. The
noted in the region. Here the Indians, moccasin and other snakes are numer-
camp when crossing the 'glades. Most ous. The mud is treacherous and its

depth uncertain. Beset by leecheiad .'iLr'd
the warm pea below water, by snakes -'
aud alligatorsat the surf-ce, by swarm- I .
ing insEct life above, wading here is'in- I r I
deed lively, entertaining and full of in- / i [*A
cident.-*illlaut Hosea Ballou, in Har- B l
per's Weekly. .. ... .-

"J'L WEATHER. H OR ::A: 01n _I.
The frllt, inctabl e,:.'mip;rle.l fri',m Itherecords :_ :
:.I' the Jaek ,n, _ll,- ",geaal ,ation by Sir' i J. .i'-% :i e''''
W. Smit.n, rpr.t en, iII te-mperarure, c, ,ndiion ..nfl-''
.-.Of wea erur, ra.nrail and ,inecton oI wind fr fori,* .
'he ,neidih ,,[ .iuy. as ohel-.r'e-J at the Jack- '- itll,-" -
.:% i,, t ta-r'- 'ju.rin e _ i-n, rat 1 ye.ers .. .. 1' d

9 -~ --. -C
-. .iA3 '-"- C.,1, l.
..2 M' ,,: -- ;1 -aP,, ;.
," 3 1 11 i74 4 3 ', i
l ,,7' l ;,' .'*., *-. Mr SW ._ t -,, B^Z
1I ,'. :, : 7 A l1 1.5 1 v U
I76 I"1 7 0 8 I 1'i '1 14 S-E
I17t I, ll8 s7 2 17 8 -, a.' IE RI .
1 17 7 ;2 MI 2S i t 'i NE r %
18;9 101 6s 9 t8 i 11 -I W "
ir"86 W 7A ,1 i I P:4 "x SI 'Ivi
le2 9 ii'25 iTI w
3 6 1 8[7.SwIPOWDER
Akalii 71 s I i9 If 't.
IMH;, *,151. 82 6 "i,: t 7 l -IW 1 1
I.o i 7I t ?1 2 17 1-,1 ':7 SW Absolutely Pure.
J. W. SI]TH.
!'ergr. Signal Corp-. U. S. A. This powder ever varies. A mar-vel ot
.. purity, sircn'-h and wholesomeness. More
e s C & o economiral [nan the ordinary kinds, and
Groves where Williams. Clark & Cos cannot he 6o0i In comnpetllon with the
Orange Tree Ft rtilizer has been used are multitude or low lest. short weigni alum or
nph"sphaie powders. S.-ld oid' min coini,
looking finely.- .IYAL BAKIN P,-W)DER Co., l1s WaIl Mt..

"We Know by Experience." FL...R-'We,-.eir: bet pat-nta. ii :M;
good famil y, F-I ,,,, m X,; c,:, tmou. $.12'.
For three years we have used Brad- PE..-Riia.k Ev, E.JI-K).i' p',r L.,Bhi.
ley's Vegetable" Fertilizer. After test- 'r.,FI> FEr--Per t'-.n. 14 4 ):NZ,"I ,n".
ing along with other high grade fertil- ',,r -;rn Rio, -.- pep'd ;Jara,
roaited, <2. ,..-,. Mocasi, ro.,6Ltd, A.:.-; Rio,
izers, we pronounced it better than any roar -trd. 2",-.l._.
sold in Florida. We shall use it again ,',c:.r:N -wi-t M .t a.-S:a,.e aud hiah.-r.
this ye ar. -. i, l r-L.n .i t d l .:. m e ia l. 1 ,,,i,' i r.u.ti2 i ,:,n;
We do not hesitate to, say to the vege- rut on. s o: mal.21 '. r
table growers of Florida that they can- I,>BACCr:' 'rrts--Ma,'ket qu' btnt drum niat
not use anything so good as Biadley's L[MTE-EL u 0 I i $ton. 1 .... i..rre .
-r.n .. 1 -r i .,. *r .T L i_IE-E-na tern I ob 1!.[- 1 0W .I arl ,
Florida Vegetalle Fertilize.r. We kn'vow Ai,.- imru- m 1 ICemeti-Amerc 'n 21)".;
by experience what we say rewarding El.iii-m. i.-i T i.r rrre.
this fertilizer -t,.E- ulli ..U t r vatY, n*:' .:a:', tii 1t
t l :'V ... .. WIL R.. '.,r,[llv. r,:,ni'S .,.-. ,:.:-,s p.r t-,,:,.n d. : -
SOFFuiRD & WILDE. SaLt--. '!,.,,:i r e ack, $100; I".-r car ;-'
- Ft. M ason, Fla. :,:..:li. ''".i"" :. n pr.-: 0' ..r. _.
H T-T_rE_ _lv -liht, IO pe-r p,.:iu ,i'. Il'-' Ci[ir ","
d-t. IS ltLi _; i, ,.'.L ryti r c ,l-' nt,;
Ladies' Purchasing Agency. bu..nii iry .-vh ',,n.-. -._-,r_.,- rDN0, :- -
-. A ; 20o-nts; ai ,?d 1; ,.,:nt.. Firn_-i l.,r, .'-ter, -i
A New York lady of experience and .i:,.l.,i ai.r: ,:....,.n i(,,rI', t-i.-r ]. ,:ari
taste, enjoying the best facilities for I"i,_"' reewtis i.ox ipri,,.:, ,..i'''.-. B,'-_:. p1-rr
s h o p p in g u n d e r a d v a n ta ,g e o u s c o n d i . ... -- . i, n ,, :
-n..ut r,, L, r.-, AA.l.U-.5o- i: '. ..t ska1 .a _er ..
tions, offers her servic,:s to ladies desir- ap,,. /..
oing to secure any kind. of wearing ap- Conntry Producnee. .
parel, toilet articles or household goods, rHEE.E-Fin," 'r.,am.nr- 16icnt- per pound.
at New York prices. Sendd'for circular. LrE' Pou-TRVy-Llii_-id inppIy.aad good
AdldressAI MRS. S. Jones. d,'mand a5 lFt-Li'.ni: HeDn, 4 cernits; mixed.,)
.... BIRS. ,,>&. Jon B ,,m t&; halb "r.:,wu i. ceuts. rney art- .earce
Sli' ,4.Gates Ave.. Brooklyn. N. i. aTS, in e-ra'-demand.
armIn grr5seat demuand.
E-G---'ui-al CoITmyV, 15 ce-nts per dozen
"" ,t -..,, ,,- +hn Dpsc wituh t.'ood dernand rr,, umte-d supply .
Opinions of the Press. lRi.R P.:,r.ro<:.--Northern potatoes- 135')
(From the Gaisrt-vle M.'.rnmi g Re<:,rd i pei-r rrl.
F L r-. -1IoI)NO--Bermudas. 22 t) per create" gyp-
"Weare in receipt of the FLORtDA thtr. .-jne mrr rrat. .-
FARMER AND FRtIIT-GROWER, published Finda Co'abE;a : l1 7"rac 2 1) per barrel. They
-bv C. H. Jones & Bro., at the Times- are a dr~g on the markeL
S NEw BErsr--Florida, per crate, 821).
Union office. and edited by Prof. A. H. CA""r..oWER--Pi1r bai p B aDd i' ,
Curtiss.: It is first-class in every respect? .y-. .. .. --'"-
and is a paper which every farmer aid A- f!--FlI:.r,., p.!BE,S.eli .
"h OIRErNr Tra-r --oo supply at P2 W.
fruitgrower should have. Its .articles per barr l.
are full of plain, good, commo-i sense. SQuAsH-Percrate, S1.i.
We hope io give our readers the benefit "NAP BEAN-"-Per cr1.'01 p. ..
aNEW P-, rAr,,Es--~r r narel ,$.3 (0, Lm
of many of its articles. Success to the ood demand bael' "- '
enterprise." C'CULBaRs-Per rbox, 120").
(From the Florida Baptist Witness.) Foreign and Domestic Fruits.
The FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER LPR--,E-Fr,.e per dozen.
PINE APPLTi--il '5mper dzn
comes to our table regularly and LEMONS--Messna,5 4 i 512,) per b",.
promptly, and is full of interesting and Ft-.I--iiavers 3li. .
instructive matter. It certainly excels nS0EA--s.irT--I'mi1Bp r:b.'kFa runeh.
-B I ~NA N1s 01-PINru pl- 7.S e. Fiitipr-runc
any paper we have seen, for Florida Nrrs-Almonds l(.; "rrzis- I2': FnDerits
especially. Send to Jacksonville for it. Sioiyi yl2:? Enlisn walnuts. Gr,nol..i,, 18e;
Address as above, and read it awhile and Ntarhtir,,; Pchins 12; PEanu, .. -a-
be convinced. R.,Ii n s London ,', ayuirs, -"2) per box.
rFrom the Times.Demo'.rat.] r C.pNXBEX-Rr't2 7h, per' crate; ,i0.:(, per bar-
'AEditor Curtiss. of thie FARMER AND BnrTERiN-E--C,'e"erny-rVic; Extra H'ary Ie;
FRUIT-GROWER, evidently struck thie rk":i' fli..,.eaml',rnd
popular fancy when he established that pE. journal, its success is phenomenal, and gia, 'u,7:n per rai-.
althiough only a few months old. has al- -kppL.s--I: '.75ee rcr-erarte.
..... ., O ,: : -- ) ', PLUMN .%-Genqurh, 77,5",FlIel.1Xiper" birket
ready taken the lead in all matters per- -n '... p b t
training to Southern horticulture." Retail.
From the Tex-asFarmer-. The iollowming quotatiins are <:arefutly re-
[LFromthe Texas Farmer. i"J e i: x',.r Wdn_=sdny's and iaturday's paper
"Florida is not behind hersister South- froni quotatlons Aiturnished by dealer in the
era States in material progress. It Cite Ny iurket
GSree Onions wholesale at 601cents per hun--
ought, to be called the land of fruits and dred, and retail 5 cents per bunch.
flowers, for each of these grand divis- Florida Cabbage wholesale $2 00 per barrel,
ions of horticulture are equally at home and retail at @10 cents.' ,
SFRT Sweet Potatoes wholesale at 60 cents per
there., The FLORIDA FARM ERAND FRUIT buhel. and retail at 5 cetM. c-rquart.
GROWER is an ably conducted and ele- Littuce wholesales at 220,12rcents pEr dozen .
gantly printed paper devoted to these head, nid retail at 5scents per head.
very topics, tom which we refer the reader Par6ips wbiesale at 61) cents per hundred,
infornia.,n." ,and i 'taiat four and fmc "for 10 cent,.
for further information." Eggs are in 'air demand. Duval county
"rFrom the Southern uti, ator 'n ecscare qi'uoted at wholesale at 14.ai-15 tenls
S[From the.Southem.Cutivator.J pdontud retailea-)cen. ..
C FmAt R 3 per-'rozen and 'elil Rat 31 cents.
"The Success of the' FLORIDA FAR- Boiston marrowfat siluaches wholesale at,
.MER .AND FR.T-GROwER, of Jaksn ,,:,mper barrel, and retal at,, tO 0and 15cents.
MER AND F'RUIT -ROW-, oJackson- h" "" each.,
ville, surpasses that of any similar NewYork Irish poinaloes wholesalealt 6375
publication in America. The publishers per barrel, and retali it lu0cents per quart, or
-two. mi( arisior I-5 centIs.
seem to be over-liberal in giving the lw Rl,'l'oh"rin.a uol-e'lent, rs
mechanical part every attraction possi- dozen bimucbes of'even radishes eacb. They
ble, while Editor Curtiss ,is doing the remtaill-aticentsper bunch, or three nuncbes
best work of his life. It is., a combina- for' ,etigt. hlcken whale :,
tionthatcannot fail of abundant success. eentseacn: retail at a6i)icenitaeacb. pressed
The Cultivator is never sorry to see such poultry per pounid-chicken, retail, i,2).
enterprise rewarded, as we have no cenle ts.'urkeys, wholesale, SI .00it 75 each,
enterprise beware, a a o nd retaill at 1) cents per pound.
rivals to be jealous of, but wish all sue- Northern meats retail as follows: Chiclago
cbes." beei'J i525 cents perpound; Florida beet "tSl5
.per pound; veal .('& cents; Pork 125l- cents;
mautton l0fi,) cents; venson 25 cents: sausage
/ft/f' I @ a 1 1.5 cents; corned beef 10 cents. -
,,t '" M ,, i'ifI' .' ~Watermelons wholesale at .12(-13 per bun-
.f y .4 Sk't.y f .- dred, and retiaU iborlmA25cen is. -
_" .4"- ~Green Corn wholesales at 12% cents per
~ "ozen, and retails at 15'-20 cents.
JA]CKSON'VXLLE lMARKETS. Cucumbers wholesale at 8 cents per dozen, -
--, and retail at 6 for 10 centa.
'olesale,. Okra wholesales at I1o12 cenie per quart,
and retalls at 15 cents.
JAOcSoirvilLE.B, July 2,1887. Eeg Plants wholesale at SJ OO0il 25 per dozen, ..
: Provisions. and recall at $1 60 per dozen.
MEAT-S--D. S. seort ribbs, boxed, 850; DJS.- SAVANNAH COTTON M1 RK.ET.
long clear sides, $8 87,; D. S. bellies. 8 562; -- .O.
smoked shor't ribs, 687 87: smoked bellies. 0;- AANAtty--TeUlnCot.."
S. C. hams, can'ased fancy, 0c S. C. sou- SAVA AH, July 2-The Upland Coon
deirs,canvarsed.Tc;California orplnlchams, market closed firm at tb6 following quo a- :.
8%c. Lard-reflned tierces, 7c. Mess beef- tions: ,.2
barrels, 1)."0; half barrels, 6575; mess pork, Midling fair ]1l
11625. These quoatilons are for round lots Good midllng....... .....I
from isi hands. M idling ... .......... .................... /10 ".i..
Bir' a--Best table, $''c per pound1',cook- o d din y............................
lng, I5'.2t-0c per pound.ododnr.......t
GraIn. Florn. Hay, Feed. Hides, E.c. Tbetnet receipts were 19' baies; gross me-
GRAIN-Corn-The market Is weak and corelps bales: b k
dull. The following figures represent to-dayas Fxpor to the Continent-- bales; exports
values: We quole white corn, Job iors, &5c polsto th bales ; epr
per bushel; car load lots, 62c per bushel; Coestwse 103$ bales. :- -'
mLx'ed corn, Job lota, 60c per bushel: car loan SEA ISLAND COTTOrN. '
lots, b7c per bushel. Oats quiet and firm at The market 1s quiet and nominal at un-
the following figures: MLxed, in Job lots, changed quotations. Llttleslock for sale and
40te;ca" load lots, 8S-c; white oats are 2,c scarcely any arriving.
all around. Bran steady and higher,f20@21 Common Floridas.. 15
per ton. Medium-.............. j-- -
HAY-The market Is firm and good grades Good Medium....... .7
higher. Western choice, small bales, $1800 Medium fine 18 .
per ton; car load lots, 1750 per ton; Eastern Fine ,-................. 10
hay, $i9 per ton. Extra Fine... 9"
.kEARL GRITS AOD MEAIL-S 10 per carrel. Choice. ..-' .