Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055763/00025
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1887)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 3 v. : ill. ; 50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: C.H. Jones & Brother
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: June 22, 1887
Publication Date: 1887-1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 5, 1887)-v. 3, no. 3 (Jan. 16, 1889).
General Note: A.H. Curtiss, editor.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000454290
oclc - 11040152
notis - ACL6442
lccn - sn 95026760
System ID: UF00055763:00025
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

Full Text




Providing $15,000 Annually
for the Use of Each State.
An act to establish agricultural experiment sta-
tions in connection with the colleges establish-
ed in the several States under the provisions of
an act approved July 2, 1862, and of the acts
supplementary thereto.
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Sen-
ate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress as-
sembled, That in order to aid in acquir-
ing and diffusing among the people of
the United -States useful and practical
information on on subjects connected with
agriculture, and to promote scientific in-
vestigation and experiment respecting
the principles and applications of agri-
cultural science, there shall be estab-
lished, under direction of the college or
colleges, or agricultural department of
colleges, in each State or Territory es-
tablished, or which may hereafter be es-
tablished, in accordance with the pro-
visions of an act approved July second,
eighteen hundred and sixty -two, entitled
"An act donating public lands to the
several States and Territories which may
pro vide colleges for the benefit of agri-
culture and the mechanic arts," or any
6f the supplements to said act, a depart-
ment to be known and designated as an
"Agricultural Experiment Station:"
Provided, that in any State or Territory
in which two such colleges have been or
may be so established the appropriation
hereinafter made to such State or Terri-
Story shall be equally divided between
such colleges, unless the' Legislature of
such State or Territory shall otherwi'-
r,.-n- That it shall be. the object
Sand duty o.L :.s-Ep rent Stations to
conduct original ies erili.u- v e ax-
L....-- k e o fo-Tases to whEtich, ..-l
are severally EutjecT itE the rers'
for ithe same; the chemical composition
of useful plants at their different stages
of growth; the comparative advantages
: of rotatie cropping as pursued under a
varying series of cops; the capacity of
. r new plants or tree fr for acclimation; the
- analysis of soils and water: the chemical
composition of manures, natural or arti-
ficial, with experiments designed to tect
their comparative effects on crops of
different kinds; the adaptation and
value of grasses andl forage plants; the
Scomposuition and digestibility of the dif-
ferent kinds of food tor duniertic ani-
mals;-the scientific and economic ques-
Lions invlvi,-d in the production of but-
ter, and cheese, and such other" re-
searches or experiments bearing directly
on the agricultural industry of the
United States, as may in each case be
deemed advisable, having due regard to
the varying condition. and needs of the
rer.pective States or Territeries.
SEc. 3. That in order tosecure, as far
Sas practicable, uniformity of methods
and results in the work of saici stations,
it shall be the. duty of the United States
Commissioner of Agriculture to furnish
forms, as far as practicable, for the tabu-
lation of results oi investigation or ex-
periments: to indicate, trom time to
time, such lines of inquiry as to him
shall seem most important: and, in gen-r
eral, to t'urniah such ad ice and assist-
ance as will best promote the purposes of
this act. It shall be the duty of each of
said stations, annually, on or before the-
* first day of Febtruary, to make to the
z. Governor of the State or Territoiy in
which it. is located, a full and detailed
report of its operations, including a state-
meant (f receipts and expenditures, a
.: copy of which report shall be sent to
: each of said stations, to the said Conmis-
sioner of Agriculture, and to the Secre-
tary of the Treasury of the United
SEC. 1. That bulletins or reports of
progress shall be published at said sta-
tions at least ouce in three months, one
copy of whict shall be sent to each news-
paper in the States or Territories in
which they are-respectively located, and
to such individuals actually engaged in
farming as may request the sarre, and
as far as the means of the station will
permit. Such bulletins or reports and
the annual reports of said stations shall
be transmitted in the mails of the United
States free of charge for postage, under
such regulations as the Postmaster-
General may from time to time pre-
SEC. 5. That for the purpose of pay-
ing the necessary expenses of conduct-
ing investigations and experiments, and
printing and distributing the results, as
hereinbefore prescribed, the sum of fif-
teen thou.and dollars per annum is
hereby appropriated to each State, to be
specially provided forby Congress in the
appropriations from year to year, and to
each Territory entitled under the pro.
visions of section eight of this act, out
of any money in the Treasury proceed-
ing from the sales oP public lands, to be
paid in equal quarterly payments, on the
first day of January. April, July and
October in each year, to the treasurer or
other officer duly appointed by the gov'-
erning boards of said colleges toreceive

the same, the first payment to be made
on the first day of October, eighteen
hundred and eighty-seven: Provided,
however, That out of the first annual ap-
propriation so received by any station an
amount not exceeding one-fifth may be
expended in the erection, enlargement,
or repair of a building or buildings neces-
sary for carrying on the work of such
station; and thereafter an amount not
exceeding five per centum of such an-
nual appropriation may be so expended.
SEC. 6. That whenever it shall ap-
pear to the Secretary of the Treasury,
from the annual statement of receipts
and expenditures of any of said stations,
that a portion of the preceding annual
appropriation remains unexpended, such
amount shall be deducted from the next


succeeding annual appropriation to such
station, in order that the amount. of
money appropriated to any station shall
not exceed,the amount actually and nec-
essarily required for its maintenance and
SEC. 7. That nothing in this act shall
be construed to. impair and modify_ the
legal relation existing between any of
the said colleges and the Government of
the States or Territories in which they
are respectively located.
SEO. 8. That in Stateshaving colleges
entitled under this section to the bene-
fits of this act,, and having also agricul-
tural experiment stations established by
law, separate from said colleges, such
States shall be authorized to apply such
benefits to experiments at stations so es-
tablished by such States; and in case any
State shall have established, under the
provisions of said act, of July second,
aforesaid, an agricultural department or
experimental station, in connection
n ith any university. college or institu-
tion not'distinctively an agricultural col-
lege or school, and such State shall have
established or shall hereafter establish
a separate agricultural college or school,
which shall have connected therewith
an experimental farm or station, the
Legislature of such State may apply, in
whole, or in part, the appropriation by
this act made to such separate agricul-
tural college oi school; and no Legisla-
ture shall, by contract, express or im-
plied, disable itself from so doing;
SEc. 9. Thatthegrantsofmoneyau-
thorized by this act are made, subject.to
the Legislative assent of the several
States and Territories to the purposes of
said grants: Provided, That payment of
such installments of the appropriation
herein made as shall become due to any
State before the adjournment of the reg-
ular session of its Legislature meeting
next after the passage of this act, shall
be made upon the assent of the Governor
thereof, duly certified to the-Secretary of
the Treasury.
SEC. 10. Nothing in this act shall. be
held or construed as binding the United
States to continue any pa. ments from
the Treasury to any or all the States or
institutions mentioned in this act, but
Congress may at any time amend, sus-
pend or repeal any or all the provisions
of this act.
Passed the Senate January 27, 1887.
Attest: ANSON G. McCOOK,

Spraying fruit trees with London pur-
ple or Paris green will not poison chick-
ens or ducks that roost in them, if the
solution is not stronger than one pound
of the poison to 100 gallons of water, the
usual formula.


The Farmer's Leading Advocate
in Congress.
The "father of the Hatch Bill," de-
serves to be known to our readers other-
wise than by mere mention of his name,
and we are glad to be able now to
present a sketch of his public career to-
gether with an excellent portrait. For
these we are indebted to'that highly
popular and influential journal, Farm
and Home. From its office of publica-
tion at Springfield, Mass., nearly a quar-
ter of a million of copies are "spread
broadcast over the land" every fortnight,
and as it was the foremost advocate of

he has been re-elected to the Fiftieth
Congress. w here it is hoped he will head
the Agricultural Committee with the.
same ability and aggressiveness that he
displayed in the Forty-Ninth Congress.
William Henry Hatch was born in
Scott bounty, Kentucky, September 11,
1888. iHe was educated at Lexington,
Ky., a sd admitted to the bar in Septem-
ber, 1854. He is at present a practicing
lawyer at Hannibal, Mo., wheri he also
has a u large and well stocked farm. He
was elected circuit attorney of the 16th
judicial circuit of Missouri in October,
1858, and was re-elected to the same po-
sition in November, 1860.. Col. Hatch,
was first elected to the Forty-Sixth Con-
gress and has been re-elected to each
Congress since, "

Sanctioned by the Legislature.
The Legi.ilature ,of Florida, toward the
ciore it it' i-:t-nt -.ssion, gave its for-
mal ssenrt t the Experiment Station
law ,i applyivi to this State, by passage
Ol an act ot w(hithi the following is an
authbetic coipy. obtained from Tallahas-
An i.t t,*i-xrre-s the Legislative assent
o- tihe State of Florida to the Act of
C'ongiv ess ftor the Establishment of
Ai: i taituiali Exiperiment Stations.
Be it enacted by- the Legislature of the
State of Fli ida:
SEC I.: 1. T hat thlie Legislative assent of
tMe St,4te ot Florida is hereby' given to
tli. ArAt oftCon':i". -s entitled "An Act to
e:t,Iblikh Agricultural Experiment Sta-
tions ip connection with the Colleges es-
tablislod in the several States undei the
provision of an Act afppro--,:i July -,1,
162, ,and of the Act; supplemeuntary
tlere ,h, and to thle grant of m-ney-


the SeCretary of the Treasuvy of the
United 'States ocr other proper officer at
Approved June 'ith, 1'87.


HOW Oranges May be Prevented
from Rusting.

the Experlmen,t Station bill before the tr ubtall th if all the otherhes combined
people. t exe ed great influence di- causes large a money loss to the orange
rectly upon Congress. For this great growers of this State as does the rust
credit is due its editor, Mr. Herbert. ite. Although the smallest of all, yet
Myrick. and no one gave more prompt it makes up in number what it lacks in
and hearty acknowledgment of his ser- p
vices than did Mr. Hatch immediately sizhen the scale insect makes its ap-
eol passageortrait ithe propTe ac- pearance we prepare. our washes and
coiitpanying portrait is the property of go fortt" Yet we sit calmly by and
Farm and Home, and it is by special fa- so f it" Ye wake possession of our
vor that we have secured the use of an ene the rust mite take possession of our
electrtype. The following account of yellow," but a dirty black, and so allow
Mr. Hatchs taken from the same jour it to cause a loss annually of tens of
Ina: thousands of dollars, when by a small
WILLIAM HENRY HATCH. expense, compared to results accom.
Mr. Hatch is well known to every one piished, this kss could and should be
four readers as the father of the Hatch saved. Then we should not be com-
bill, whicu was enacted by the Forty- pulled to flood the .markets with rusty
Ninth Ctngr as and approved by Presi- oranges, and when prices rule low they
dent Clevelan:l, and which provides for are the ones to suffer most.
an.appropriation ot $15.liii0 annually to For the past three years I have kept 90
each State and Tei ritory for an agricul- per cent. of my oranges bright. As my
tu1at experiment station. As chairman grove is on pine land my fruit always
of the House Committeeon Agriculture, rusted badly before I began keeping it
Mr. Hatch was the leader insecuring the bright. HEietofore I have used' lime.
pleomargaiine legislation at the first and sulphur, but I found that somewhat
sessio:,n of the Forty Ninth Congres.s. He objectionable, as it would whiten the
heid the floor tor that measure for more oranges more or less, and if used late in
than a week, and carried .it through with the season it necessitated considerable
consummate ability to asuccessfullissue. brushing before shipping.
It was one of the most fiercely contested This year I am using the following,
parliamentary battles in the annals of w bich I think much better in many re-
Congress. Mr. Hatch has been harshly aspects, and it is more of a direct fertil-
criticised by certain set of the Western izer an.l helps to kill the scale insect as
cattle interest because he did not at- well as the rust mite. I prepare it as
tempt to put through their pet measure follows: To a kerosene barrel of water I
for the suppression of pleuro-pneumonia, add five pounds of whale oil soap, one
whenthefactis that that measure had and a half pounds of sulphur and one-
had very little if any prospect of success half pound of concentrated potash. I
in the House. The final results, how- first put in a couple of pails of water
ever. showed that in spite of his critics, in the barrel, then add the above and
Mr. Hatch had the welfare of the cattle mix thoroughly, letting it stand for one
interest at heart, and it is due largely to day, occasionally stirring it so that it
him that the agricultural appropiiatiou may become well dissolved. .
bill as finally enacted gave the Bureau of This costs me about 36 cents per bar-
Animal Industry half a million of dol- rel and will do for from thirty-five to
lars to use in fighting this disease wiih forty trees, according tosize, oraboutone
the. unrestrained powers necessary in cent per tree for material. Whale oil soap
carrying on work of this nature. During costs me four and a half cents per pound
his entire term in Co.ngress, Col. Hatch here, bought by the poundin New York;
has been a faithful and aggressive sulphur, six cents per pound, retail; pot-
worker in behalf of the Department of ash,- ten cents for one pound cans.
Agriculture, and it is largely due to his I place the barrel in the cart and drive
efforts that the bill making that Bureau between the rows and with a syringe
an Executive Department was passed spray the trees on each side so that they
by both Houses of the last Congiess. are thoroughly wet. This solution will
It failed to be perfected at the last mo- kill all the insects it touches, but is not
ment, owing to lack of time. strong enough to kill the eggs, so that a
Mr. Hatch is a positive, energetic, am- second application should be made in a
bitious man, a tremendous worker and week or ten days to kill those that have
one who is not deterred by anything hatched in the mean time. After that
when he .attempts a work which he an application once in two or three
knows to be right. His record in Con- weeks I have usually found -sufficient.
gress demonstrates conclusively his deep, But watch must be kept, and the soray-
seated'convictions in behalf of agricut- ing should be done whenever they begin
lure. Certainly no other member of increasing much, as it is impossible to
Congress Ever acheived so much for reach every leaf and kill all the insects
American agriculture as Mr. Batch has" at any one application.
done. American farmers are glad that' One needs a magnifying glass, as they

cannot be seen by the eye, except when
they are in such numbers as to look like
a fine yellow dust on the oranges and
leaves. Then the orange will begin to
turn a whitish green, then after a few
days brown, and so on to black. But
they should be taken in time, before any
change in color takes place, and this is
when a magnifying glass is needed, so
as to be able to discover their first ap-
pearance and begin operations to keep
them down.
I have already made two applications
to my grove, and now but very few can
be found even with the aid of the glass.
They put in an appearance unusually
early with me this season, as I first ob-
served them about the middle of May.
Last season it was very late, not until
the last of. September,, and it being so
lat 'it onlry took a iiptfle of applications
t c'heclt tliemrn. It is not probable that
I shall have to keep putting.on the solu-
tion all summer, as I have suaiilly found
thattheygrow fewer And tewe-r until
'they do no special harm.
If we knew more. about its habit,.
"whence it comethior whjither it :oe-th,"
we might perhaps fight it in an easier

T, "

I -- -


BSa' s. il td.- v, i. tTV ie.! fig nhiinuabndled;
tIii Ri rl i,'e r-epr-nting natur'ilt e.
and more successful manner. But in
.the mean tire we should not allow the
fair name and color of our golden fruit
to be "blackened."
There are two or three other consider-
ations, aside from the money loss, why
it is desirable to keep our oranges bright.
First, bright oranges can be shipped
fully a month earlier than rustics.
which is an item of no small account.
Secondly, rusty oranges do not as a rule,
grow more than two-thirds the size of
brights. Thirdly, rusty oranges will
not stand within two or three degrees as
low a temperature, without damage, as.
-brights. Other cons derations might be
urged, but these surely should be suffi-

The Septuary Plan for Orchards.
Editor Florida Farmer and Frust-Grower:
There is a simpler method than any I
have seen described" for -laying off or-
chards in the triangular quiucunx, or;
as you more correctly term it, the septu-
ary plan. Having, planted about 700
trees in this order, at distances of 15 and
85 feet, I can speak from experience as
to the most convenient practical method
of doing it.
Where the ground is perfectly level
and the trees are to be only a short dis
tance apirt-say 15 feet-a light wooden
frame may be used in the shape of an
equilateral triangle, with sides the same
length as the intended distance between
the trees. Stakes are placed at each
corner of the triangular frame [A, B, 0


Wz. --


in diagram], which is then moved 60
degrees around one of the stakes as a
centre, that is, simply shifted so as to
enclose a second triangular space [A, B,
D in diagram], having one side in com-
mon with the first, and another stake
put at the new point or opposite angle
of the second triangle. The frame can
be moved again around any one of its
corners to determine the position, of
another stake, and so on until any de-
sired space is staked out in' equilateral
triangles.- "
Of course, it is necessary, before be-
ginning, to consider the direction in
which the rows, are to run, and place
the triangle accordingly. at first. -
For uneven ground, and where the I
trees are to be far apart, as in an orange
grove, the method must be modified as i
follows: If trees are to be, say 30 feet
apart, set two stakes at that distance h

, -/I


apart along the line determined for one ..
of the rows. This will form the base -of
a triangle. Then take a cord- twice the
length of this base, that is, 60 feet, with
a small loop at' each end, and a pin, or
other mark, exactly in the middle. Place
the loops at the end of the cord, one on
each stake, so tbat the two ends of the
coid are fast to the two stakes. Then
take the middle point of the cord and
draw it out until both halves of the cord
are tightly aid evenly-or equally-
stretched. They then. form the two
sides of the the triage. while the middle
point of the cord is the apex, where a
stake can hbi set. From this, as a alait-
ing point. auy number of triangles can
I- isimilalylaid off. till the septuary
pattern is complete. ,A ioeu-elastic cord,
or letter, a.copper wire, should be used
to insure accuracy.) m :,o
In practice it is not necessary :to ac-
tually measure by the above method
nmore than a few rows, or parts of rows,
aft;r v,-lhhi all the remaining stakes
may be pla ced.- Iy fighting along the.
liles of auv twvo iuter.ecting: or radiating
rwE, anJ setting- a stake at the point of
int-rsec tin. This can be .uolicily and
ae'u lately done, because there are six -
rows intersecting at every point, except
,in the outermost rows.
I have been surprised to find no ex-
amples of this septuamy arrangement, in'
the orange erove-c oif Florida, Vb where
many reem to-coufo:und it witli the dia-
mond quincunx. I cannot imagine
what obiec:-tion can be made to using it.
Beside' the economy of space and con-
venience of cultivation, it has a sym-
metry andl beauty which rio one who,has
observed d it r-an fail tc, remark.
152 W. 5.th street. New York City.
May 2, .'.
_ Bees and Grapes.
lh-.ed+tts ott tbar t1 t-,'i SSlrr----m
Southern Planter, publiih.ed at Rich-
mond, Va finds in a comniunickation to
irmation of a theory which be estab-
lished by sad experience many years
ago. We quote isa narrative, which
illustiates the danger ot jumpingat.con-
Our vineyard commenced bearing
well the thud year, and was in fine
thrift the fourth year, when it had a se-
rious set back by the destruction of the
gripes, as they ripened, by bees, as we
supp osed. Theie were a few hives about
one hundred yards off, and it appeared
that every bee in them was puncturing
and sucking the juice of the fruit. It
was hastily determined that the bees
must be sacrificed for the protection of
the vineyard and accordingly loads of
dry wheat straw were brought and
dumniped near the hives. After night,
when the bees were restifig quietly, the
hiv.es were gently taken from the stands,
piled together, the straw piled over them
and thie torch applied, so that in half an
hour all were consumed. This seemed
to be a ciuel act, but justifiable under
the principle of ea' ,ieccssitat. rei. "
Our surprise was great when the next
day, a bright and clear one, not .a bee
was to be seen, but the destruction went
on, and it became apparent that inno-
cent lives had been sacrificed, and the
real depredators appeared in the form of
yellow-jackets. They were active and
voracious, and could and did, in plain
view, pass from bunch to bunch and,
with their sharp proboscides, puncture
and suckthe juice until surfeited, when
they would fly off in a sluggish manner.
A few of the common gray wasps would
follow and lap up the exuded sweets,
and it became clear that the innocent
bees had only been doing the same
thing. The vineyard was the victim of
an unsuspected enemy, and it was a se-
rious question how his ravages could be
Knowing something of the habits of
insects in respect to burrowing into the
ground for their nests, we called up an
intelligent and observing negro man and
put him on the watch Following out
the idea suggested by a recent reading
of Cooper's Oak Openings. in which was
described the plan of bee-hunters for
finding bee trees, this man was enabled
to trace the yellow jackets by the di-
rection of their flight to their nests, sev-
eral of which were found within a few
hundred yards. The destruction of these
insects was accomplished somewhat af- -
ter the plan pursued with the bees. Af-
ter nightfall a large armful of dry straw
was deposited over the nest, and then,
by a violent knocking on the ground,
the yellow-jackets would rush up- from
their burrow, and whilst entangled in
the straw the torch was applied and the
whole colony burnt, up. After this. our
vineyard remained undisturbed for
We have been thus particular in de-
tailsas it may lend to settle the ques-
tion as to honey bees, and at the same
time be of some service to bee culturiste.
The yellowish wasp, which is described.
in an article from the FLORDA FARME
AND FRUIT-GROWER, is doubtless.what is
known in Virginia as the yellow-jacket.

b mL

. PA .


. I



4, red; showsblack marks at the end when made in its excavations. I suppose it to become discouraged, if he shall seem HOW OUR PAPER IS REGARDED. Oneof the proiniuent citizens of At-
WSt1Ilftfl flJIl 'S quite ripe; has few seeds; flesh, rusty fills them with its paws. The salaman- to have made a poor selection of soil for __ lanta, Ga., writing to the publishers of
brown, with many purplish dots; it is der is about the size of a rat, andit does a good shipping berry, for the soil of an presnof the F. F. &F.-G.. says: -Your [..,st yen-
Sjuicy, very delicious-one of the best; a good deal of mischief for its size. In Florida is a mosaic, and a hundred A Few of Many Expressions Of tare, the FLoIurA FARMER AN) FRiTT-
JAPANESE PERSIMMONS. ripens end of October. the Hotchkiss grove, south of Lemon yards distant he may find one which Approval. GROWER, is a remarkable one for the
2. Kuro Kume. This fruit is medium, avenue, about forty trees have been de- will answer the purpose. beauty of its mechanical execution and
oblate, somewhat four-sided; skin bright stroyed by it within a year. The only LAWTEY. Bradford County. Capt.R. E. Rose, president of the S the crip fiesharid appropriate charac-
Chrateisic o Vritis nd0Cloud Agricultural n mrvmn the cp of ieseitoiland apprprite matter.
Characteristics of Varieties and red; flesh is crisp, rusty, scattered with way to stop its depredations is to set a lou Agricultural and Improvement ter of itseditorial and elected matter.
Co., wrtes fo 'tme ne rfso -'t.seietykoshl :
General Management. many black purplish dots;juicy and trap inthemouth of its last hol. Last .C wri from issimmee, under Profesoruitiss evidently l ws how
sweet. Tuesday at Mr. R. Franck's place near A Strawberry Barrel. date of June 10th, ase follows: "The t.o w,-ik and 'knowledge is power' only
At the late State Horticultural Con- Dai:dai-marn. This fruit is large, DeLand, I saw a guava loaded with A writer in the Southern Farmer de- FARMER continues to improve, and, as I when there is iud.,mitable energy behind
vention, held at Riverside, Cal., ,Mrs. H. oblate, four-sided; skin, yellowish or- fruit, and a choice grape vine, that had scribes an interesting device which predicted, is becoming the standard ag- it. But I need not preach to CI. H. Jones
H. Burger read an interesting paper on ange; flesh, pale yellow; juicy and just been killed by the salamander. It remindsus o'f the "hen and chicken" cultural journal of the South. on this topic, as his pushing of the
Japanese fruits, from which we extract sweet; has very few seeds. does the damage by eating off the, tap tubs which are frequently to be seen on Mr. F. 0. Cochrane, a bookseller and Times-Union to success over or throug-h
the portion relating to the persimmon: 4. Zanji-maru. Fruit, medium-sized root of the tree. flower stands at the North. This writer stationer of Palatka, writes, under date mountains of opposition and difficulties
It is from Asia, the cradle of the hu- and round; skin, red, marked with black seems to have utility in view as well as of June 1: "Your FLORIDA FARMER AND insurmountable to a man of less daring
man race, that all our superior varieties, at the end when quite ripe. This fruit STRAWBERRY GROWING, .beauty. He says: FRUIT GROWER is a perfect success. It and persistent qualities, clearly proves."
of fruits are derived, and although the ripens about the middle to the end of -- -For eight years past I have had one in is far ahead of anything of the kind in -Mr. Percival Brewer, oF Iionminouil.
fruits of Japan and China are compara- September, but is not good to eat then. use, sometimes two. I use a kerosene the State, and every one interested in Ill., writes. under date of April 9th: I
tlvely of recent introduction, they have Left on the tree until after exposure to II.-The Most Favorable Condi- barrel. Bore six one and a half inch horticulture or agriculture should not be think your paper ihe best ai iculiural
steadily grown in favor with the horti- frost it becomes sweet and juicy. One tions Ot Soil. holes in the bottom for drainage between without it." paper pu .iihed in the South."
culturist and grower of trees, with him of the best for table use. It is sold abun- BYtwo 3x8 scantlings for sitting the barrel Mrs. A. H. H., of Winnemisset, Fla., Hon. J C. Pelot. ot Manatee, writes as
who plants a tree for profit as well as dantly in the Tokio market during the b POWERS. on, N ow eight inches from the bottom, writes as follows: "We are new comers follov: -I l.-ok upon your paper as
with him who plants it for his own use. season. The beginner is usually told that any with the same auger, bore eleven holes and have much to learn, and your paper one or the n,.t valuable add itions to
The climate of both Northern and South- 5. Yedo-ithi. This fruit is large, soil which will grow corn will grow true line around six inches up to just what we have w efor ever our agricultural intere ls. It ins ably
emrn California is very similar to the cli roundish and a little flattened at the stem; strawberries This time honored di the same, alternating them so as to since we arrived here. 'Our Cosy Cor- edited. pratial iects attention t
mate of Northern and Southern Japan. skin, red, marked with black lines at the is not altogether safe as a guide in Flor- equally divide room to each plant, bore ner' contains just what every womanin matters of primary importance in the
The. soil in Japan, as well as in our end; flesh, rusty brown, with purplish ida. A very light and dry sand will pro- two others In the same way, making Florida ought to read, words of encour- development of our vaus industries.
State, is, to a great extent, volcanic, black dots scattered through it; very duce corn tolerably well, if sufficiently room for forty plants, then put six in agement and comfort to the homesick, and caei witl ita spirit of eneigy.nd
Both have a marked dry and wet sea- juicy and sweet, with a delicious rich manured, but on such a soil t would the top. I use oyster shells, corn cobs, weary, struggling sisterhood. God en ter[rise that must addressirself to ov-
son. Not sufficient has really come to flavor; ripens in the beginning of Octo- hardly beworth while to plant straw- or broken stone in the bottom to secure bless 'H. H.' May she live to write ery searcher after information."
our knowledge of the manner of growing her; one of the very best.. This tree is berries with any expectation of profit. good drainage; next I make my mixture, many words of cheer. Her recipes, too. e. oc r f rio n
and methods of cultivation of the Jap- exceedingly hardy and vigorous, and a Afew plants could, by being protected using half good muck, one-quarter pul- are so well suited to Florida. As our Roi. T. W Mooeiv or Maprwi county
anese gardens, excelling as they do in prolific bearer, with a handful of grass on each, or by verized clay, the balance good rich soil resources in the country are limited, writer : "rI believe your paper will doia
thewart of grafting and propagating. 6. Yemon. The fruit is large, round, being watered at least every other day, and some good bone; mix well. Now they fill a large want. regarood wto fui disseminating, f arming, st inck
First in importance am6ng those flattened, four-sided; skin, orange color; be carried through the ordeal of the fill up to the first tier of holes, compact One of our subscribers at New Smyr raisingard, etc. farmingn, stock
fruits which of late years have found flesh, pale yellow, containing few seeds, autumnal drought. If the reader has same to avoid too much settling. Use na writes usunderdateofJune4th: "I r etc.
favor with s is the persimmon. We It does not lose its astringent qualities no other soil he need no despair of be- good plants, take in left hand and put must say that I admire the FARmER ANDof Amelia Island:
all know the persimmon, indigenous to naturally. To make it delicious, the ing able to grow enough berries to sup- through the hole, reaching with the FRUT-GROWER very much indeed, an Tudging fiom what I have seen of the :
SAmerican soil, growing wild in the ripened astringent fruit is packed in clean ply his own table, but it would generally right hand to help spread the roots out R BO E vr A ide a
Southern States. Though originally, in casks or tubs, covered tightly with a lid, beunwise to plant itto this water-loving evenly, being careful to keep up to the intonducted a permanent heU vbscriber valu- st agrcultural paper publiihed in the -
f h tktecrop with a view to supplying a market, to f th.ola long as it is conducted intthengeaydva ourh b Is piricutul paper~ publishedo inthe
-all probability, of the same stock, the when, in the course of ten to fourteen crop with a view to supplying market, top of the hole, as constant watering and mannerSouth. I predict immense success for t.
difference between the American per- days, it is fit for use. The strawberry needs water, and then settling tends to cut off theplant. ow neMr. W. N. Justice commission me -
simmon and its Japanese relative is so 7 Hachija. This fruit is very largi, water, and then some more water; in do the same to top of Iarrel. :compact- de .... hr Ph. .elphia cmisso -Having
marked that the most casual observer pointed and a little flattened at the stem; other words, a soil naturally moist, or ing carefully. I use staves at the bulge Mr. R. A. Ward, postmaster at Mala- chant ofPhilrBadtelpue Of. our es:Haricul-g
would notice it. This difference is as- skin of a rich, deep-red color, which one which receives very frequent and co- of the barrel; cut just long enough to bar, writer.: "I am diligbted with tlhie. received the first issue of ynur a~ricul-
woul noiceit.Thi diferece s a- sin f arich, dep-ed olo, wichtural paper, and being delighted with itq
surely owing to non-cultivation on our shows black marks at the end when quite pious rains.- press in tightly, to take off weight from -FARMER AND FRtIT (;R.:.WER. and rec- te, wewish you to insert ,Dnr card ftor
part, and, on the other hand, the per- ripe; few or no seeds. It never becomes Another variety of soil,, of which the lower plants. I leave a depression in ommend it t. all on ac.unt oIt its com- towe y n ,
fected Japanese persimmon has been pro- sweet naturally when ripe, but tro-ted strawberry is not tolerant,, is found in the top to water or feed. to hurry anil plete adaptation to the want_ .:.f this lat- six months."
duc-d by yearsand years of careful selec- like our California lemone-this is eonime paits of the State: and the samoe perfect berri.,-. I have one now. a per- ittide. I-ther agriculture papies con-
t.ion of good and rejection of worthless wrapped or laid between straw for a kind is alo offensive to the ,range. i feUt .eaiutv, and it is really a constant tain only an ,,,cabional article of intei- -
Svarieties on the part of the Japanese, un- time-it is a delicious fruit. It is also inw nuat e.\actly hl:> to .haracteriz- joy: it has .1i'om green berries all e-t. to) the tfarmers of S,:,th Flnrila. wvho | I.TITREON
til there are now grown in Japan over much used foi drying. it. it i generally of a stely gray or sizes and fully ripe n"nes. I try to put caie little fi.r dairy new-i. ofeil R h on RatS-na
twenty distinct and desirable sorts, all 8, Tanc-nashi, or seedless, owin ag to its alien col.,r, d,:,, not produce crab grass on rtea a (unketful ..If water evfrty rni ing in the Nrthi but tihe artiles in Rugh on Rats.
of which differ greatly in shape, color, containing no seeds, or very rarely a to ani gneat extent, but throw. up a day I would wit like to dispense with the FARMER A.NE, FPmr.;GR,-WER ale
size and quality, as do our apples or very few. A largefruit,oblorg, poin'tei: growth .,t a semi.aluiatic vegetatioumn. as them, oCf cur-e, th,-v must ibe retewed g.d.u, vtr- g.-....l, .ind I wi-h you the .uc- I. ,oil
pears, some being oblong like a long skin, a high yellowish color. It is only goiie gras. etc., also ,mantities of rd. annual. Shrivel tie ,oil onut; I usually ces yo.u J,-;ere rIir frnishin' Fl,:rida -
acorn, others flat or round, resembling used for drying, and, together with weed or sorrel. I think that tlhi adtl a little resh. mixing up goo:, and farmers a paper that just "lls the bill.'"
in shape and color large red or orange- Hachija, one of the best fol that pur- species of sil, in adition toits acid eler replacing as before. Mr. C. H. G,.olrich, of O()range Park,
yellow, ripe tomato,. pose. m ebt., probably al-i, cuotains a m.,I writes: -"I must say that the -FARMER N.:.
yelw ietmt.pose. an vaite .fLh )-,taofIo.I ybeifta RE
QUALITIES AND USES OF THE FRUIT. There are very many varieties ofthe perctg of n. It m beef n ANTi FRf-GROWER is decidedly the best
:- All the persimmons areremarkablefor' DiDiospyros Kaki-or fruit of tine i,' this cla ,-of soil Could ultitbatetv l- ', trawberry Rpunlicaist te kind nLI th St 'ate. I -hsws hatillel taeee.tShun-I.
All the persimmons are remarkable for cu ato in nseen r medicate so that it woul.J All who have cultivated strawberries take tlem all and canu compare their v.id ar.sthinh ctjman it th rcughout yoe u
- being very harsh and astringent before thorough investigation, will bIe worth hear srrawlieHiries. but in the present must have noticed how inconvenient it merits." urwe usnulktcareers. -eolder heads object,
S maturity, bunt some of them become us- of importation and propagation. s tag,, of my experimentation I anm not to have the runners extending in all or chr,- S U of Orane iraHp i R NE S.'
c u s a nd, h ig h ly n u tritio u s w h en rip e r v p re p a ri .d to sa y a n y th in g fu rthe r o it-. ,d iiec t, o n s. S o m e tim es th e y ru n fro 1 M r.O w ria tes:. "S teor v en s f O a ge 0 | m'U U L F m,:+,y tII ue .. ,
esp-ially after exposure to frost; e- futo ~ ~ ppr far ex- DON T FOOL awayte d
spe.allyaterepoure to frost; others It s safe for the Ieginnrir to aroid land one row to another where they are tomn Couet, t retes: .- our panr to utija
are difficult to free from their natural Castor Beans. which dis nt agree with the orange ot p by the cultivator. and] sometime. two in oedrthe.oIJo, te fs a .v wrht s pd a r^andomrall
b e o e e i lina- -- i e a r s r a l l .n i t i s g o o w o- t i i w a n i t b o u l,:, t o iu g ed t r a nd o m f v
austerity. and never become edible in a Editor.F-orida.Farmer andj1-utt-G,'..n, produce crah grass reai ly. plants seud their runners toward-is eaci lion f elt in this part fior a good ag- Rh"'B.aterbugs LE S K
paw state, even when ripe. It iS owing Having read several articles on castor A tulerahbly heavy sand, Stciently other making sme pae ts of the row t, ct paper S es o ,totr g BEETLE
tothib very fact that the pen simmon. de.- beanT thought I would-give v expe- humic to be pretty retentive of mois- thick. and leaving others vacant. All tuiI:paper. ,:uRci-es to yA..u. Fr t dy prn,!it. r.-a .n-
.sirable as it is in every way. has fallen rien'e to vour readers. .Having been tue. is desirable f..r the strawbety -ed. this may be avoided hby settin the plants Prof. N. Wiitner. of the Agri-ul- -.:. add-d.-w ihe m or ai .--- -
:into" difa o wit ma y Frit "f t- rtthing ste o g ,
into dinfavor with many. Fruitsof the raised in Ilinois. at an (a Iv day when I think that is the chief reason wh.v the in ucha p1siti..n that they will ion in tuial-C:.liege- of FllridJa. writes as fol- .pe. as thing IavDm rni pn p 4hea
Varieties described above as being unfit farmer. s i.i han times they ave et Lawtev plantations havone,, l a g-ven diiectiom It was discovered lowi. -"I -a- say in all sincerity, it ha. i... .. adn to i3 in p .
to be e.dten hen raw, have been put on for that). the acst--b -w-.- e t h n heavyy veEgp Ithat ._.tr erV .lant ex .ee ed n. ,.ssan uineex ectatioda .t.- e-t Ns -.!n" ttt tha wer eW t 1._r_-
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ I e~~ du m.ssaiine~ ct)Qn ,szbs.ti ltefc t. wherei-er-iii-
the market by r'_wers wvh.:, then.ei L s .v s t-.'' t fa.n ,:"r a t o "ne ln I- M .1 1P1 .i -i, Li i LE .-- S .-I A1*2l f "ar m TUsr e n us'ntbLy-muE.['r"
e ignorant on rhis point. anl, pur-ther. The planting and cu it i ny e- t p-h.lanfts and from one side, and that is the side South." Clearuotats, rtice, Bed-bug-, trJei. Beetles.
ehased, were pronounced. natunral[l.v, by was exac'tlyv like that of corn. The :i-,ws whiL were w et :ut in July q August or opposite the old runner that pro.luceJ Mr Thomans Mehan. the dibtingished neRoGHc.oSN RAT I"issold all axound iet world, .
the buyer,. totally worthless, as indeed were four eet apart, except every fifth the first few days of eptember, andd it. If the side of tfe plant trm which culuri an ro ie t aa er d
they"were ,izifore being dried or nubject- erw wor f vee ort sxe f-t apary. wiht h i e t In-i rotead it. If the siieof the plant trim which hoituruhrist and proprietor of the Ger- %d.. has. the.ia.r.. sale ofay arl of its
.e to s om e g xiied or Bu row. which was rive or six fteet apart. which a ha, .ime to 4,1 o the nain runner was cut i. sLt towartd6 mantown uuiseries, in a lever dated on tnefa,?eofthe iobe.
ed to some ,other prcess. But many This was to, let a borse draw a sle.] that are able to make any growth. The the north. that plauit will run n te March 5th, wnrtes e. I am lepr datc ntnefa fth 011A. BU6
variet;esare delicious and edible from through to take up the beans, the far- younger plant will stand for weeks south. plead with the FARMER BUtG FS..r- trPoto. .s,---'c n VSil-e"-" tal
the tree, making a superb and attractt'e e cutting a d brinigin,u armfuls if without making any progress, and will d.. GRowWER and a _-.l rewd it regularly.. &c i-u- of tha poBder, w"tsheeo ins ke. tao
m. tt o u~ b ... .. =... .+_GROWE, arid shall read it regularly. poordutl ofth..-rPowder, w ll haken, ina r oi
table fruit. pods feom each ide t. thle died as it tr t late t lie ensuing spring, if 'they do a nne n wh,,h vou uw i, a bgh olt i- d applied With s.ii.g psrA .y
As we poses amn our apples and ae long. T e re tke to not dIe outright of the drought. And California Canned and Dried which yn know n- a high cop r ltiolfp.
tal frit whc -'-o ps ed acg hi, wiuen- tinkseni as itfut-ttl nun prni hy Fruits. fran e'ditir to -a oa -xung. Vie,-Zb.atrnd $1 brxi. Ar-i iwi sue.d p
pears ,' varieties which become valuable yard to &pop out." it was preea(d by thi fail drought, though a variable t L a eo HRAT "EA S OUT-
Prf D, Fruts Ph 5 ,h emnet po "IR[UGH",RATS* C--LEA.RS OUT-7
only if used for dryin and cooking, hoer-ing off tile grass smooth, stakes were quantity, is never aentltogether, and Below we Eive an extract from an in- rf b aro the eminent pro- U .
thubs it is with the persimmon. The Jap- driven around, uuallvy in a circle, rails is one of thie mnot ie ious ,:.I.tacles the review % itha leadingta talitornia fruit fesi i'f biologyin the Agrcultiat ol- B ED B'U c
anese dry this fruit.by peeling it with put on the stakes and boards set around grower has to c.onrend against. deler as epoite in aSn Fanisco g of Mis-isippi ayi tie S n FLIES.
sharp wooden knives when still hard, on tbe inside three feet high, to keep A clay subsoil is also a desirable ele- aer, whi show ie enormous d- Li' Stock oi'iul Hi [the editor Roahs, ant, water-bug, moths ms, I
drying it on strings. This dried fruit is the beans fromn wasting. -while popping ent. hut not too near the r.urface, eay velopment of one branch of the frufist alule paperalread 'appearing In thep parrowackbbisqu .gofii. 6.
packed in wooden cases, tightly coy.- out. three feet or such a matter. If near businessin litnt tate: first numbers are fulfilling our expecta-
ered] with a lid- After a short time They 'an le raised here on the same than that. the body of Eand above it is ia fact tat duin -inc in and predictin. They may be fully tAITLAND NURSERIES.
the saccharine substance begins to ap. plan, only the rows would have to be not sutcient; it absorbs too sanall au t canning industry became populIar relied upon for c eomicienti-Tus ncorrtec- il
pear. clothing the surface of the fruit wider, ayv five or six feet apart. There amount of the rainfall, and parts with it have we been fully able to supply thie ness of statement an] sientific accur-
with a sugary white coating. UIntior- we had to cut when a few I.eaus on one too quick-ly. trade. For instance the can good pack acy of dtal.
tunately, o-wing to the longtransport by end began to ripe'n. Here we could take An excellent combination for the at season was iin i can, and et on. J.W Ewan, writing frotam ALL Ri toOFf
sea, the influence of the salt air has so our time, as tlie3 will not waste, at least strawberry is a clay subhsil and a gentle there are not more than twenty carloads Miami, Dade county, says : "Certainly
far never allowed us to receive dried it is so near the coast. It might be dif- slope. The clay subsoil retains the f that pack eft. The present season's you are doipg a good Work in establish- r
fruit sent from Japan in perfect condi- fereut in the interior. As thie plants moisture, while the- elope causes it to pack will not begin until two weeksafter Ing an enlightened and scientific system (iRAN.GE AN) LEMON TRiiEES.
tion. a slight mould infesting the sine. grow into tres some difculty might be sink slowly down, watering by .percola- t usal period and before that time of agriculture, which heretofore has
No doubt home-grown fnuit could, with experienced in gathering the pods. But tion after theirown propersupply would, the e entire residue will have been eix- been seriously neglected. Your paper is
thie far superior facilities we possess for our neighbor, W. H. Brown, of Dunedin. have been exhausted. A strawberry haunted. Thee aire virtually no pears. inviting in appearance, pure in s.nti- .. .:
evaporation, soon be made to excel the has invented a device for trimming bed on thie summit of a sandy ridge is apricots or peaches left. This year the ment and progressive in principle, and all to but on extra
foreign article, and equal in value the trees that would just meet that difficul- ill placed. output of canned fruit will be 1 t1 ei n (n suprgr must scceed i an Bd notplaced on small, liks. but on extra
dried figs. ty. with two or- three cheap boys to Of course such Ipbenomenal cold as otsest ofn canned fruit will bnciae o)f Mr. S. A. Stevens ter ounyt succeed."large and e one.
cast-s. c:r ?00inJui.(n.0(n,) cans, an cincease of i Mr. S.A4. Stevens, of Sumter county, large and On~e ones.
(CULTURE AND PROPAGATION. gather up the pods. that of the winter Af 18i.6 I. is not often about 961) per cent., and all the canners writes : "I am in love withyour paper,
The.- soil most adapted for the planting But here comes-t he worst part of it, to be expected. That great freeze de- are making preparations for a great but am taking so many now that until a e ke a spec l ofthe
of the persimmon tree is a gravelly bow to pop them out. They will not montrated that a certain amount of boom in business. some subscription runs out I can't take We ae apecla of e
clay loam. in a situation neither too dry pop out on the ground an.] my expert moisture in the soil k a protection, not Our dried French prunes are looming more, but calculate to be a subscriber to -.EARLY SPANISH RXNGE----
nor too damp.. Free space is necessary: ence is they will not pop out on a board only against mere frost ou the foliage, i
the tree requires manuring once in win- flioo, toany Satisfaction. They might but also against freezing of the roo4 up. bringing two or ree cents mone yourpapersoon."
tetree.requiresmanuring oloo, to any satiatio Td o per pouno! in Eastern markets than tine Mr. E W.Amsden, of Ormond-on-the- thec artiest variety known),
ier, or what we consider our winter sea- in the high, dry lands of the interior. if The beds on light, dry sand lost a great- foreign article. Last season 15i:i car- Halifax, whites as follows:- I am tak-
son, after the fruit is picked. Tie ma- they can be gotten out of the pod with er percentage of plants outright, and inlads of these prunes were consigned to ing ten papers on agsioultural su-bjects, TOHITI LIES and
nure is best applied in a circular furrow, ease there is no reason why they will not subsequent to.ts ost a greater peicent- Eastern and Western States, and there and if asked to surrender the FARMER VILLA FRANCA LEMON,
pay Weil. in Illinois we C_;unte.d fifteen agirof berries and bloom. -
dug in the ground around the trunk of pay l In Illinois we counted ffteen agtbe sandlom consumed, and every year will see an .AND FRclr GROWER, I would tell them
each tree. Tine trees must be prun ushelsa good crop. e I am sure Tereorea moist soil isighly d esir- advance in this branch of our coast in- totake the other nine, but leave me and cai show treeso the latter that tood the
each alternate year, n early spring or that four times that could be raised on able. not only as a security against dusti. that. May peace and plenty and years d last winter a we a heOrange, and
autumn. This pruning is done by the common pinelandwithoutany fertilizer, drought, ut also against frost. In tIheds To give you an idea f our increased of grace be gilen yu.to conti the o Thr Fa.
Japanese by simply breaking the There we considered them a good crop pine woods a cypress -bay" or swand p bs neT s with Enugl nd alone ounr irem go d wrk o kee iuto .ot"e te

Japanese ~ bysml rekn g th ypr U" aI topatgodhu, n adncn un.Ti ilsae n etlz wherk." aelf ayro o m-SLCTDB
branches with the hand, without using to raise to improve the land. To --pop an eligible place. if it is well draie hs leady it sl in toha ounr fMr Jh wr k."Dn s", o Pescoa Os.
hand as already made sales in that country r=..DnsofPsaowoe

^st ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ te ou! ^P0"^8'0 ., t, or probablrtatemyo the beaufro with dthes otand fall pland winte sup-.Dieitit Mr.L. VH. DArstron, of Pesacla wiholse HLSL BDC
any knife, because they maintain that them out." ors separate the obean from whdit chess, and the plants ar s upw for March delivery five times as large as eminent success in truck gardening, as
the contact with iron is injurious to the tthe bull is what we want to know. pliein with the proper fertilizers, as withl wh ast eo t e iwl a h s far tpc
rI We have here the strawberry guava, be hereafter directed. t ole f egtas r small e it we as his able writings on farm topics.
thvie. t or had before tne fi-eze, and" hope to Maiden cane land is excellent for part to les freightage, smaller cost w entitle his opinion to respect. expresses Send for catalogue.
Thevarletesopersimmons arepropa o h borde f an d o pe i ra thunde the sm b purchase, but principally to the wide himselfasfollows o The first number
gated by grafting, the seedless them- have it again. Tbey are of small size, strawberries, under tie same provisoas reputation outr canneries have gained of the FARMER AND FRUIT-GRowER was KEDNEY &CAREY,
elves taking years to come into bearing, one variety with green skin and pink that just mentioned, and the additional aoho d bl or d rei e and i the
and the fruit beinginvariably astringent meat and another with yellow skin and one that thecane roots shall be pulled f ne a eibe work duy r eceien t is he best thige n itse PEN. & CAR
The bestproof of the growing favor this pink meat., up, to the uttermost rootlet, and dried way Ihaveseen. Io is justthe paper P.0. Z W'iSrParkFla
fruit is attaining is tihe increase demand V_ F. "W. in the sun until their vitality is destroy- P'repare for Gardening. needed, and if you keep it up to the pres-
reeDUNEDiN Hisborough county. ed. To do e tis thoroughly requires a Select a-piece of well drained land, eat standard of excellence must become paSIONENTr 05' EGGS

orthepeaimotree.Ddyo ee ofe which thouand are cunn so. h hirna n ueirap atfrapetflspl fvgtbe rtsudrdt fMy2 C-W COL t CHBENSE IS fLAlND
ported every season, and which a e ig resolution, but it is not worth while plant in cow peas r early in the month, of popular with the people. I can't see Jt- NT F PRODUCE -
portedeery seasoad whiorr-o plant it without, and maiden cane June. This will shde ad fertize tie where you have left any room for im- SOLTCITED BY
brought by us to San Francisco at less Salamanders. an is so valuable that the result justi- soil and leave it in good order for the movement." E LA
est lan bor ine pron b0ei toflso furite It is probable that many of the rays- fies the outlay, fall and winter garden. Divide it into Mr. L.aH. Armstrong, of St. Nicholas, WHOLESALE PRODUCE
ale.aboTe te e is aap id b grow cr ttr ees death as di sea sed be n d s o f rMo st i soilnaturally produces more soft two parts, one to be planted in early Dural county, writes under date of OOCss lS, *-* ERCHA.NT
me.Thed tor-tae se, rapidgro.e r, i efroy orange is are due ti te misch ivous and succulent berries than a diry soil, corn, Irish potatoes, or onio'ws, to be fol- April int : agTHE FLORIDA FARMER AND ACESOY it. tLE
prolific bearer, highly ornamental in a-puhd rats commonly called salaman, and a bard bernry is an absolute essential lowed with peas; the other for the usual FRUIT Guow.OWR has far surpassed expec- rLA.
appearance dark- dens. Where their monunds are found to the grower who expects to market his garden vegetables or small fruitS, as rations. It sheds light on many obscure
green leaves and brigt-colored Fruit, a on theaborder of an orchard orugarden in crop a thousand miles away in the my be desired. ahernate every year. pagesin the bookeo Florida's pessiboi- t LoEY, .GovE a c.
pleasnge sig.tgro ws straight, v non early w row, no pains should be spared Northern cities. A certain amount of The land should b. laid off in sbuch a tiesin-fut, forage, live stockGand in the efr b
on macu ofoitseessie hardness to stay their progress. The subjoined moisture he must have to grow the manner that most of the work may be development of her vast storeof hidden STATE AGENTS'FOR -
ganin ascuto itgos olerae black h urd es- paragraph on this subject which was henries at all, hu' he does not want too done with the harrow and cultivator. resources."
laikbning as ien grew lierablearieie ofe sent us recently, appears to have been much. For this reason a hammock is Save and apply plenty of well rotted Mr. IrvingKeck, oftheBowlingGreen BASIN FERTILIZER CO'S "
tres ndte rpe tetmn o amtaken from a DeLanid paner: less desirable than a piece of pine woods barnyard nmanure, and you will never Land and Improvement Comnpany,,
treadthe prrim ope treeawilns sort time, Did you ever see one? They are runny soid. The hardness and superior ship- want for aplentifulsupply of vegetables writes under date of May 2d:'"We SOLUABFE SEA D3LAND.-0UA.NO
th cosieredim aontecems adjuncasot tome little things. Yesterday I surprised one ping quality of the pine woods fruit will or small fruits in their season.--Ex, think THE FARKER AND) FaRIT-GROWER "-
berchadred in thoe ltiue-sar where ftoan just as he was beginning to dig a hole. I more than compensate for the outlay for the beat to be had for faneirers in Flor- DSOVDBN ~DAKL
no th ear y ent o u g h a t oi lld e it. r I r otsc a th re w a h a m m e r a t it, a n d w o u n d e d it, fe rtiliz e rs i d e al y s e t n w d as f o i ." D 8 O E D B N .. A I -
are cthayeogtokli.Itanwhereupon the little imp actually show- By this time the beginner will have Scraping Trees. Ia eawy e e da rmi.
stand in its home from 10 to 15 degrees ed'fight, jumping toward me and show- concluded that the strawberry plant is The American Cultivator remarks That The agent of Morgan's Bazaar, Starke, -I:PHOSPHAITE,-
-" above zero. ing its teeth as if it had been something rather fastidious as to soil. If expected as trees are generally scraped, more Bradford county, who is a news-dealer .D1 WEBOLMALE DEAL_ .I-:',. .
FAVORITE VARrETuRS. big. But presently my toot came down to yield berries capable of being shipped harm than good results from the opera- and subscription agent, writes an Fol- -
Of the varieties most to be recoin- on its bead and squelched its pugnacity, a thousand miles, it is fastidious. If it tion. Great care should always be taken lows : "THE FAR?.sER AND FuRUn-GROWEE-.t--
mended for-table use, i:.e., edible from The animal is a curiosity. It has two is to produce berries for immediate use not to disturb or injure the "lower and [is lhe paaper in an agricultural point of IFRUITS AVIS FBgOUCE. ..
the tree as soon as ripe, are: pouches or pockets, one on each side of on the table, itecan be made to do souan- living part of the bark. A common view. I would not be without it, and ''.' '
1. The Hyah'inme. This fruit is very its head, which it uses as Paddy uses his den almost any conditons. mason's trowel or a short handled hoe honestly advise all workers of the soil td ---...
large, roundish oblate;-skin, vermillion wheelbarrow, for carrying out the sand The beginner mast not allow himself makes a good scraper., subscribe for it." Get olir Pricee before buying. :, -- ., :

in :. .



time, potash or phosphoric acid. This is
t-rm. about the only way to form a definite
and accurate conclusion as to the com-
position of a soil.
CHEMISTRY OF THE SOIL. While it is true that the composition
of a soil is not all that is necessary to
The Most Economical Means ofjudge of the proper method to follow
The Most Economical Means of in its tillage, or the extent of its fertil-
Improving'Florida Lands. ity, yet there is no doubt that such a
BY PERCIVAL BREWER. knowledge would be a most invaluable
guide to the Florida farmer in regard to
One of Florida's greatest drawbacks the kind of a crop to be produced, and
is the poverty of her soil. The most the character of the fertilizer to be em-
healthy, pleasant and cheerful place for played to produce a maximum crop.
the new-comer to locate a home is in the The chemical composition of the soil,
high pine lands, and, generally speaking, when taken in connection with its phys-
the soil of the high pine land is deficient ical condition, is a guide to agriculture
in everything that proniotes profitable which cannot be overlooked by the
vegetation, and contains little else but Florida farmer and fruit-grower.
silica. Nevertheless, the cow-pea vine At the present day, the usefulness of
grows fairly well on the poorest pine chemical science to agriculture is not
land. questioned by any well-informed per-
ELEMENTS DERIVED FROM THE AIR. son. I am now making a detailed anal-
The cow pea, as well as all leguminous ysis of the soil on my place on Lake
plants, derives all, or very nearly all of Arietta, near Auburndale, Polk county,
the nitrogen necessary for their growth the result of which I will give you in
from the atmosphere, while all plants some future article. No doubt Florida
get most of their carbonic dioxide from will be one of the most productive States
the atmosphere, and their oxygen and in the Union.when we can get the proper
hydrogen from the atmosphere and manipulations, cultivation'and fertiliza-
water. From these four elements and tion of the soil down to a scientific
water the pea vine derives the greater basis.
part of its nourishment up to the time it The great trouble now is that we have
commences to seed. The pea vine is, to put all we can rake and scrape to-
without exception, the cheapest, best and gether into artificial fertilizers, many of
most reliable fertilizer and source of ni- which do not contain one-fourth of the
trogen that the farmer and fruit-grower nutritious principles they claim. Our
can use to supply nitrogen and humus to State needs strong legislation on this
his hungry soil; Plant cow peas and subject, and I am glad to see that the
turn them under when they start to FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER is
form seed, as many times during the sound on this subject, as on many oth-
season as possible. By doing this we ers.
extract nitrogen, the very element our Now, to go back to soils, the high
pine land soil is deficientmin, almost to hammock furnishes, perhaps, the best
barrenness, from the atmosphere, and soil we have for immediate use, as I
enrich the soil, which will yield it up to think it contains all the essential con-
the next crop, which, in all probability, stituents of p'ant foodin moderate quan-
cannot draw its supply of nitrogen from titles; but if we crop it heavily it also
the atmosphere. But few plants possess needs manuring. In closing, I will say
the power of obtaining the nitrogen they that the atmosphere and water play a
require for the promotion of their growth very important part in vegetation.
from this inexaustible and ever present *
source. Success in Farmmng.
The atmosphere extends upwards for' BY WM. H. YEOMANS.
some forty miles, and weighs fifteen
pounds to the square inch. Therefore, The oft-repeated cry that "Farming
over an acre there are 7,8404800 pounds don't pay," -seems to find frequent ex-
of air, four-fifths of which is nitrogen, pression, and has its honest- believers.
and one-fifth oxygen. The atmosphere That there are many instances in which
also, contains a small amount of carbonic the truth of the expression firfds its veri-
dioxide, forty vlumesin 1,000, to which fiction, cannot truthfully be denied,
vegetation owes its very existence, and but those cases are very similar to the
a trace of ammonia. cases of failure in any other business or
CHARACTERISTICS OF HUMUS. occupation. Because there are. failures
CHARCTEMSTICS OF HUMUS. in the trades and mercantile business, is
We were saying that turning in cow no proof that it is the fault of the busi-
pea vines supplied humus to the soil as ness; and because there are farmers that
well as nitrogen. The great French do not make a success of farming, is
agricultural chemist, Ville, says: "Hu- nothing against that business asan occu-
mus has its origin in the actual sub- pation. .
stance of plants, which, by a kind of Observation teaches that the measure
spontaneous decomposition, has lost a of success is governed in a gr -d degree
certain quantity of hydrogen andoxygen by the energy employed in 'O.ductiug
in the form of water. Plant nutrition the business, together with an attention
is an extremely complex phenomenon. to all it'sbranches. The. man who sup-
the thorough invest gat.ion of which can poses that he can make advancement in
scarcely be traced back "for twenty farming by a slipshod, neglectful'meth-
years ` Humus formerly hadthe honor od of attending to its various branches
of seating for aa explanation for every- ofL labor, has mistakuen-- his calling.
thing-that could notbe understood. One Farming, when entered into with a de-
good effect of humus is the possession of sire to make the most of it, opens a field
the property of absorbing a great dealof for the exercise of close attention to busi-
moisture, thus contributing to the main- ness in all its varied forms.
tenance of humidity in the soil, and it 'A bountiful harvest cannot be hoped
also possesses a most useful property in for simply because seed is placed in the
fixing the ammonia in the soil, thus soil. Care is required from the very
preventing it being carried off by rain. first step. Some soils possess such a
It, afterwards gives back this ammonia wealth of native fertility as to require no
to vegetation. It also absorbs the oxy- addition to their fertility, but others do.
gen of the air, and afterwards under- Where this is the case, care commences
goes a slow. but real combustion- It with this application, and stands as a
thus becomes a source of a gradual; but fixed requirement through every future
uninterrupted formation of carbonic di- step, even to the disposition of the crop.
oxide, which exercises a solvent power The plowing may be so faulty as to.af-
on certain minerals, and especially calcic feet the.subsequent growth and perfec-
phosphate and limestone.- Humus, tion of the crop. There is nothing more
therefore, indirectly helps to supply essential than a careful preparation of
plants with phosphoric acid, a veryes- the soil. But the preparation may be
sential substance to promote and insure all that is desired and the planting be
the maturity.of plant life. slovenly done, or the subsequent atten-
Our pine lands being very deficient in tion to cultivation be greatly neglected;
humus, we must do everything in our in which case there will be a measure of
power to make up that deficiency by failure even if it is not complete. And
adding itto the soil in some form. Well still further, neglect to harvest at the
rotted muck is a good source from which proper time is a frequent cause of loss.
to get our supply of humus. The ham- The same general principles that ap-
mock lands are much better supplied ply to the cultivation of crops, apply'to
with humus than the pine lands. Over- the care and fattening of animals. Fol-
-flowed and reclaimed land usually con- lowing a course of neglect, how can any
tain too much, which is more injurious one expect to meet with success? But
to vegetation than not enough. But reverse the conditions, attend carefully
after the soil is sweetened, so to speak, to. everything that requires attention
plowed several times and exposed for and success will be attained to a greater
some time to the modifying influence of 6r less degree in proportion to the extent
the atmosphere, the sour organic acids of business carried on.
-contained in the humus undergoes ox- COLUMBIA, Conn.
idization and decomposition, after which *
it has a decidedly beneficial influence in Best Way -of Feeding Oats.
the promotion of vegetation.
Thi-.n we have a soil that will support The Southern Live Stock Journal
a maximum crop of almost anything says: In the North oats are preferable
suitable to the climate, especially with to corn as feed for horses at hard work,
the aid of a little lime, potash and phos. not only because they are less heating,
phoric acid, as the soil contains all other but because they strengthen and harden
necessary mineral constituents. With the bo.es and muscles and enable the
the help of these three substances we animal to perform exceptionally hard
can produce a maximum crop of any- and steady work with more satisfaction
thing, on any Florida soil that contains and less-srain. The street car owners
sufficient quantity of available mtro- and managers in Chicago are said to
gen. Often we need but one of them, feed their teams principally upon ground
and rarely more than two of them are corn and oats mixed, the proportion of
necessary for ihe proper maturity of any corn being lessened in sumim- r and in-
given crop. The great question is to tell creased in winter; this is because the
which one to apply. There are hundreds animal requires more heat producing
of acres of land in this State, tilled at a- food in winter than in summer to coun-
loss to their owners, which could be teract the excessive cold.
made to yield profitable crops, were it In the South. except in large cities,
not for the want of knowledge about the our people feed but little oats as in com-
aciual working of and the result from prison to corn. This is owing more to
the use of special fertilizers forany given habit than anything else, perhaps, for
S cats are not dearer than corn. Those
rop. farmers who do feed oats, do it in rather
MINERAL ELEMENTS. a slovenly and wasteful manner, and
If we add all three-potash, lime and being almost invariably fed in the sheaf,
phospboric acid-for all crops, the cost there is great loss of grain, and all but
is augmented above what would seem a complete loss of the straw.
reasonable amount if put in artificial fer- We see it stated that a Georgia farmer
tplizers; and again, if we fail to manure (we think we published the article not
with the right substance, or the one long ago)lutilized his straw after threash-
which the soil is deficient in for the crop ing by putting into the silo a layer of
you wish to raise, we get no crop to green forage and then a laver of straw,
speak of. Therefore, the only safe course keeping this up until the silo was filled.
to pursue is to use all three in conjunc- His experience was that the straw treat-
tion with pea vines plowed in, muck or ed in this manner absorbed enough nu-
nitrate of amimonia,.unless we have a triment and water from the green stuff
chemical analysis made of the soil, to insure fair food for milch cows. If
which will tell us what we want to know such a plan was generally pursued by
--hat is, whether our soil is deficient in our farmers and stockmen, the value of

Hauling Manure....................
Preparing land, planting
Sand working.....................a
Harvesting and filling Silos...





Total days work............ 77 224 2838%I
At seventy-five cents per -day for stu-
dent and man labor and fifty cents per
day for mule labor; the work on the crop
amounts to ..................... $367.50
Adding one half of the value of the ma-
nure applied (estimated) 60.00
Seed 9.09
Total cost of crop $86.50
The ensilage fed out is estimated to
have weighed 240 tons, making the total
cost per ton $1.81.
It will be noticed that the average
yield-per acre for the whole crop is low.
This is due to the character of the soil
ulon which the crop was grown. T%.-u
thirds-of the-ciop was grown on fifteen

Ripe Sorghum Fodder Injurious
The New York *Tribune says: The
prevalent opinion that sorghum fodder
is injurious to horses and cows is doubt-
less well founded, as it is a matter of-
practical experience and not theoretical
belief, and hence is worthy of credit.
We think, however, .the trouble is not
in the plant, but in the condition in
which it is used. Millet and Hungarian
grass are believed to be injurious to
horses, and they are if the fodder is left
to ripen, when the sharp awns become
hard and indigestible and produce irri-
tation of the stomach. So with sor-
ghum; when it is ripe the sharp-edged
leaves cut like a knife and the stenis are
hard and flinty from the large quantity
of silica contained in the .plant. We
have fed green sorghum moderately to
cows and horses which eat it with avid-
ity, and do well upon it, but we wouln
not use the ripe fodder, and quite agree
with the general opinion upon this mat-

Farm Drainage.
The removal of surplus water from
farming lands continues to he a study
of the prudent agriculturist. Open
ditches, or covered conduits, have been
used for many years, and have, in allin-
stances, proven efficacious. Some soils
possess a natural drainage adequate to
the removal'of surplus water, but where
the drainage is from the surface, it be-
comes injurious and should be remedied
by artificial means. If, on the contrary,
the subsoil is sufficiently porous to per-
mit, the surplus water to sink rapidly be-
low the position of plant roots, and'
hence be diverted into adjacent streams.
the natural drainage will be all that is
As being favorable to vegetation, and
its normal growth., suh soils as admit of
this natural system of drainage are
greatly to be preferred over those neces
sitting artificial appliances to secure it.
When both the soil and the subsoil are
too coarse to admit of the existence of
proper moisture through capillary at-
traction and atomic absorption and re-
tention, it would become necessary to
use such expedients to secure these ends
as an intelligent consideration would
suggest. Where both the soil aud sub-
soil consist of clay or loam, the essential
conditions of -high farming" are pres-
ent and may be utilized to the greatest
Where artificial drainage is compulso-
ry, the process of management will
largely depend upon the cause of the de-
fect, the nature of soil surface and the
character of the subsoil. The cause of
trouble in this regard on low lands is
often to be found in the multiplicity of
small springs issuing from surrounding
hills, in most cases not of sufficient size
to admit of open ditches or for use as
actual springs. In these cases, a forma-
tion of clay impervious to water action
is usually found to exist just below the
surface, preventing the passage of the

the oat straw thus utilized could be made
exceedingly profitable, and the grain
could be fed without waste, either whole
or ground.
The oat crop can be raised in this
country without much cost, and then
after the oats are off of the land, cow
peas can be planted as a fertilizer or
feed, or other crop. Thus we get two
crops in one year from the same land.

Report on Ensilage.
[By the Farm Superintendent, A. & M. College,
The college farm ensilage crop of
thirty-three acres was planted at irreg-
ular times from April 1st to the last of
May, on a variety of soil, upland and
bottom, ranging from fertile to quite
poor. Barnyard manure was spread
over a portion of the land. On nearly
one-half of the land -planted the crop
was first injured by the wet spring, and
later in the season by the dry weather.
Weighing measured strips showed that
the crop, when cut," varied from fifteen
tons to the acre down to nothing.
The corn and sorghum were planted
in drills about four feet apart, the dryest
land broken broadcast and planted level,
the remainder bedded up. From eight
quarts to one bushel of corn was planted
to the acre, and from eight to ten pounds
of sorghum seed.
The corn land was harrowed before.
and after planting, and again when
coming up, and a week later with a
Thomas smoothing harrow; the sor-
ghum after planting only. The after
cultivation was done with a five tooth
cultivator. No hoeing or thinning. was
thought necessary. The peas and mil-
let were sown broadcast on plowed land,
harrowed in and cut with a mower. The
corn and sorghum were cut down with
hand corn knives, hauled to the cutter,
from which the fodder was elevated
into the silos with carriers attached to
the cutter.
The labor account in days work for
students, teamsters and mules is given

Bees and Queens.
Orders will be booked now for delivery dur-
ing April, May or June, of my superior race
of pure

Italian Boos and uDons.
Queens by mail a specialty.
Give me a trial order.
For prices or other information, address

water from below, and naturally caus-
ing it to become incorporated with the
soil, and nearly always to rise and float
upon the surface. In all such cases, it
becomes the aim of the farmer to discov-
er if an outlet can be secured for the
drains and the nature of the fall.
In many cases, farmers suppose that
by cutting a ditch through the centre of
the moist lands occasioned by these sub-
terranean springs the evil will be remov-
ed. Oih discovering their mistake, they
give up all further hopes of reclamation.
This is a serious mistake. To effectually
drain such lands, the causes of the over-
flow must be found, so that the water
may be collected in an underground
drain at the foot of the hills, thus pre-
venting saturation of the soil and the
consequent trouble. These under strata
are usually of rocky formation, from
which the water slowly runs. To rem-
edy this evil, the water must be made to
move off by artificial channels, which
can easily be constructed. The princi-
ple in view must be to divert the water
from its natural course and prevent .it
from saturating the soil. Where this is
not donq, the collection of water will be
in the nature of a swamp or basin, and
of difficult management.
The laying of clay pipes at the source
of these springs will carry off the water
in the direction of untillable ground, and
leave the lands destined to be'reclaimed
in a fit, state for productive cultiva-

Plans for Barns, Etc.
Here are some-ideas contributed by a
Mississippian to the Southern Cultiva-
My plan for a cheap barn is to get six
round posts fourteen feet long, and four
side plates thirty feet long, and six end
and middle plates fifteen feet long. Sink
the posts two feet in the ground so as
to make a house 15x80; then put on
plates and top or loft floor and plank up
and cover. Build an aisle four feet wide
lengthwise through the centre; build
stalls for horses on one side and for cat-
tle on the other side, with heads of stock
all to the centre, where racks and
troughs are placed convenient to put
feed in from the middle aisle. There is
a centre door in the top floor to put hay
and fodder through to the aisle; under
this arrangement there is no danger of
being hooked or kicked by the stock
when feeding them.
As to keeping sweet potatoes, just
build a tight house, haul plenty of dry
sand, mix charcoal and beat up fine
enough to make the sand look black.
Dig the potatoes and let them dry, then
put themnin the house and cover with
sand, a layer of potatoes and a layer of'
sand alternately; they will keep five
years; the second year the root will turn
red and be as sweet as candy. Should a
bruised root rot, the sand would absorb;.
all the moisture and there would be no
harm to theret. as sand is an absorbent
and charcoal is a preservative.
.La_.li suggest to persons hiving bees
to first go into the woods and get a lo[)-
get-'l ~~.. _knottbhat -grows on
black gum limbs and resembles aswarm
ft bees settled. Hang this knot up near
the guns and when the bees swarm they
will settle on it nearly every time. Then
take the knot by the handle and shake
the bees off into their new home. Thre
or four knots are better than one for this
purpose .
To kill lice, botts, etc.. myplah is take
the bark of pop gun elder and boil to a
strong tea with some tobacco; wash the
calves and drench the horses, and it will
piovea dead shot and harmless.

Sources of Phosphoric Acid.
The sources of phosphoric acid and the
phosphates in corn mercial fertilizers are
derived most largely from South Caro-
lina Rock. a name given to masses of
mineral rock of itregular size and form,
which is dug out of the soil in-South
Carolina, near Charleston. It is fonnd
in the low lands, near the Cooper and
Ashley rivers, andalso in the bottoms
of tho'e rivers, and is raised from the
bottoms of them to the surface by large
steam dredges. The rock is crushed,
then ground very finely, and when
ground to extreme fineness is called
floats. -Many of the guanos consist
largely of phosphates. and are imported
from the various islands where those
guanos are found, and constitute a large
source of phosphoric acid. There are
also mineral rocks, rich in phosphates,
found at Crown Point, N. Y., and in
Canada and elsewhere, that are also rich
in this valuable component of fertilizers.
There is now being -discovered a new
source f- phosphoric acid in the Pacific
islands, a rir-h phosphate of iron, also
one of phosphate of alumina. Bones to
a great extent also are a source of phos-
-phoric acid in fertilizers. Our lands
need phtosphoric acid. and while It. is so
scarce and valuable the prudent farmer
will save all the bones he can: and dis-
solve them in oil of vilrol, or by means
of wood ashes, fresh stable manure, or
any good Ilkali. Any of these will dis-
,solve or rot bones, which, when" added
to the compost, make an excellent addi-
tion to all composts and manures.-
Farm and Garden.
Broom Corn.
If we had any factories in the South
to work up thecorn, the crop would pay
reasonably well here. We understand
there is a broom factory in Columbus,
Mliss.. that supplies largely the brooms
sold in this section and at a far cheaper
price than the Northern article can be
bought. We have heard that the owner
or owners raise their own crops of corn.
Why can't we have these factories all
over the South and stop the buying of
Northern brooms altogether'? It should
be so. It seems to us it would not re-
quire much capital to start and operate
a broom factory.
Fowls should never be frightened. The
best way to make a hen unprofitable is
to have her chased by a dog. Be kind
and gentle to them. It pays to keep
them tame.

Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 29, E. R., N. Y., every Tuesday, Thursday
and Saturday, at 3 p. m. .
The Freight and Passenger Accommodations by this Line are unsurpassed by any ships in
the coastwise service. For further information, apply to
Fernandina, Fla., Jacksonville, Fla, S. W. cor. Bay and Hogan.
THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager, WM. F CLYDE & CO., -
85 Broadway, N. Y. General Agents, 35 Broadway, N.Y

t size 40x100 T LA W, on Lake Kingsley, Clay Co., only M10. A
M feetin w choice 5-aere tract for;an ORANGE
GROVE costs but $100.
High rolling Pine Lands, Salubrious Climate, a good invest- l '
meant. Send 2-cent stamp for Maps, etc., or remit P. 0. Order or ll |E 11
Bank Draft to JOHN T. TALBO and get Warranty-Deed, Title L RI I
perfect, from the .

P. 0. Box 158,Jacksonville, Florida, 39 W. Bay St.

Florida Winter Homes


Beautiful location, facing on Lake Oriole and on the .o.urri Flori d, Rairci.l.
Lands all high and drv."New settlement; between r-rertry-lre and thirty rew toutues.
A Church, Scho--,. -y. mails, stores, bakery, saw mill and hotel. Largt iaren aiLreaf-il.i planted
in orange groves. Choice building lots for winter homes for sale cheap. Ten, twejty and
[for acre orange grove lots. A healthy settlement in a he althy State.
Call on or Address,
Oriole, Florida. Jacksonville, Flo rida


Wholesale Commission Merchant,

-I..'..,-; : ,:iUI -lhtiN- FRUirA AND VEGErABLE.5. C. igiina eni-.:liciiri. "acturn
rmade -:,r. lar y-f cJe-.

J- 0. 0. EBLJOTT .TT,
"I flA T. ESTATEI'If nBnoanEn,
Orange Or..ves, Townr Lot in Bariow. Winter Haven, a.skeLu, Puma Gorda and Charlotre
Harbor, for Sale. inimnpried Lan.is, enjatU anLM large tracts. at $2 50 per acre, up. ('ri.Ke ten
and forty are tractsotf goed. hjhb. rolng PineLands, near 8. F R. R. detpot, at ,120 t-o 5 per
acre. AlU property guaslanteed io be as represinied or rocney refunded.
r 2 Money Loans. well eecurtd, negorated ati 15 per cet rnet. to the lender.

Make best vines for fertilizing or forage.
Price $1.S5 per Bushel.
$1..0 per Bushel.
41 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.


Grape Vines
Suited to the Soil and Climate of

Grown and for Sale at.

E. DUBOIS, Manager.
Send for Catalogue and order early. Send, also,
for Price List of

Florida Wines.


Job pUriOBiR/

b- I- I- I Z',


The Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower,

A. H. CUBTISS, Editor.


Office Cor. Bay and Laura Sts.

GROWER is an eight page 48 column illustra-
ted weekly newspaper, devoted to the Farm,
Garden, Orchard and Household Economy,
and to the promotion of the agricultural and
industrial interests of Florida. It is published
every Wednesday.
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For one year......... .................................$ 2.00
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CORRESPONDENCE solicited onall sub-
Jects pertaining to the topics dealt with in
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to their articles as they may choose, but must
furnish the editor with their full name and
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Jacksonville. Fal

FIRaST PAG--The Experiment Station Act; Wil-
liam Henry Hatch illustrated) ; Sanctioned by
the Legislature; The Orange Rust Mite; The
Septuary Plan for Orchards; Bees and Grapes.
SECOND PAGE-Japanese Persimmons; Castor
Beans; Salamanders;. Strawberry Growing;
A Strawberry Barrel; Strawberry Runners;
California Canned and Dried Fruits; Broom
--f epare fior gardening.
THiRD PAGF-Chemistry of the Soil; Success in
Farming; Feeding Oats to Best Advantage;
Report on Ensilage; Ripe Sorghum Fodder
Injurious; Farm Drainage; Plans for Barn,
Potato House, etc.; Fodder Corn; Sources of
Phosphoric Acid.
FonuRT PAGE (Editoriai)-Inquiries and Re-
piles; Legislation for Farmers; Progressive
Ideas; Reorganization Needed; The Experi-
ment Station Act.,
Fun'H PAGE-(Edited by Helen Harcourt); Our
Home.OCircle; Cosy Corner; The Family Friend;
Our Young Folks' Corner.
SIXTH PAGE-Veterinary Advice; A Case of
Poisoning; Six Ways to Treat Balky Horses;
Mare : -ud Foal; Cofoael Peters' Advice;
Mixed Feed for Stock; Soiling Cattle; An Ex-
perience in Milking; HQw to Get Rid of
Chicken Mites; Economy in Keeping Good
Breeds; Poultry at lutp' S. -r,; Avoiding
Stings. -
SEVENTH PAGE-Farm Miscellany (KI fit'" ,..7 j,
P -' 1 Ftoy, rFc itoaer's Sak e, bI Fariv-in.
EIBEiTB i.,--:-liri N,:n: B5 Bliel;Tne Diss-
StoIn Pir..n-;: 61_.-oging oil .[. Marks; Arte-
-1an Wen-1 ,n Fi.,,r,da: in,.reasdr Demand for
M0'.'; Fo,.l AdIalierai-.u:; .lJne Weather:
New York and Jacksonville Markets.

The-present issue of the FARMER AND
FRUIT-GROWER will be sent to a large
number of ton-subscribers, with the
hope of adding a large portion of them
to our ever-increasing list of "constant'
readers." If you hesitate to subscribe
for a year or six months, send 50 cents,
and we will send you the paper for thir-
teen weeks, feeling confident of your
renewal at the end of that time. Read
-what subscribers and the press say of
our paper, their opinions being based on
other issues than this. Consider the re-
quirements of the present time, and
is not the paper for the hour. We call
your attention to-the club rates given
above, and respectfully suggest that, by
a very moderate effort, you can secure a
free copy for yourself and confer a benefit
upon your neighbors and us at the same
Editor Florida Farmer and Frudt-Grower:
Several years ago we saw advertised a
new town growing up in Clay county.,
called Belmore City. What has become
of this place? Is it still-growing or did
the company prove to he a swindle? Any
iufornation in regard to this place will
be gratefully received. Cau you give
name of tax collector for Clay county?
'W. E. L.

. Po-%ELroN,Fla. -
. Referring these inquiries to a corre-
spondent residing in Clay county, we
have the following response: "The tax
collector for Clay county s WV. J. Wil-
son, Green Cove Springs. Belmore City

s a fraud and ranks with bt. Andrews hare done anything in marked opposi-,
Bay, etc. It is flat pine woods. All lots tion to the wishes of a majority of the
sold on paper are now advertised for sale people. Probably popular, sentiment is
for taxes, 7 cents on each lot." moreat fault than the Legislature. Un-
LADY BUO' AND (AT.s fortunately for the State's prosperity,
Ediforloida Faormner and Fruzt-Grower: large numbers of the rural population
Will the twice-stabbed lady bug haven conceptionIof the nature or re-
(black with two red spots on back) 'feed
on the scale insect? If so, will they be quirements of advanced agriculture.
numerous enough to exterminte the They regard the latter with jealousy, as
scale on orange trees? Do you know of something that conflicts with their es-
a fresh goat to be had, either Angora or tabisedode of life, and they dread
common? Please answer and obligea tab.ened mode of life, and they dread
subscriber who thinks much of your val- its encroachments. This we considerto
'uabIe paper, be the most serious obstacle to the
$ These bugs feed on the scale certainly, State's advancement. It gives rise to
And if sufficiently abundant they will a conflict between intelligence and mere
exterminate any quantity of scale, but numerical strength, and-it can only be
4their.abundance in any particular lo- overcome by an increase of intelligence,
reality or season is a thing not to be cal- which, by representation in the Legisla-

culated on. Wherever their favorite
prey is most abundant they ought to in-
crease at a rapid ratio, and if they can
be obtained in any locality it will pay to
capture a colony of them. From a late
California paper we quote the following:
"The days of the scale bug are numbered,
in Santa Clara county at least. The lit-
tle black bug with two little red spots on
its back is multiplying fast, and the
scale bug disappears before it like dew
before the sun. No matter how thick
the scales may be before this little de-
stroyer, behind him the bark is as clean
as though there had! never been a scale
bug on the tree. These bugs should be
protected with the utmost care."
As to goats, as we said in a previous
issue, if any one has them for sale he
can hear of purchasers through us by
private letter. Texas is the great goat
market, and if any one is disposed to im-
port them. from there, we will furnish
addresses of dealers. Goats thrive in
the arid streets of Key West, and ought
to do well in all parts of the State. .We
would like to know if the Angora goat
has ever been tried in Florida.
Editor Florida Farmer and '-uit-G'rower:
I enclose a leaf of a tree sold me by a
nurseryman tor a Prinness almond. As I
find that a neighbor of mine has some
with entirely different shaped leaves I
should like to know your opinion, wheth-
er mine is the true Princess almond or
not. -
The almond has foliage very similar
to that of the peach. The leaf sent is
very different and evidently belongs to
some species of Pyjrus.
The communications 'from W, K.. S.,
of Waldo, and T. M. C., of Gainesville,
will be presented on other pages of our
next issue and public attention called to

We have been slow in grasping the
fact that the Legislature of Florida has
adjourned, for two years without
taking action on any of the important
measures which" were before it
for promoting the State's agricul-
tural interests. Considering that the far-
taers feed and clothe the human race,
and that their welfare is essential to the
welfare of all classes, it seems passing
strange that their immediate interests
receive so, little, attention either from
the Legislature or Gongress- the aver-
age mrnjt,ulr ,f either of tihr,:. budis-is
not much given to contemplation of. ru-
ral affairs, and the interests of "farmer
Hay seed" are apt to be tieated with
lofty indifference. Every railroad mag-
nate may count on receiving distinguish-
ed consideration, but the plain-, honest
farmer, although "he feedeth one and
all," can only expect to, have a crust
t h rown to him occasionally. ,
We might.efilarge on ,this subject in-
defiritely, and trace out the causes of
this condition of things, but this wold
not be a pleasant or profitable tisk. A
year hence this subject will be in order
again, and by that time we expect to
have several thousand more readers to
address. Meanwhile all needed agricul-
tural reforms' must be agitated, and O-ur
columns will be constantly Open for their
discussion. By agitation popular senti-
ment becomes formed and matured, and
it is popular, sentiment in the main that
shapes the action of Legislatui'es.
We are charitable enough to consider
that the failure of the Legislature to pass
certain reformatory laws, was occasion-
ed by a belief that the people were not
disposed to sanction such laws. Our
State legislators evince great c'auti6n,
and seldom adopt any measure which is
not known to be endorsed by a large ma-
jority of the pe.op'e. Every member
knows that he has got to face his con-
stituents and giie an account of him-
self. Now in the case of the Railroad
Commission bill, the Legislaturo knew
that the people demanded its passage.
but'with regard' to: the Local Option
Fence law it was known that there was
a strong opposition to it, and that that
opposition came from a class whose dis-
pleasure was most to be dreaded. We
do not say that the Legislature has
lacked wisdom or boldness. It was a
representative bl'dy and-ought not to

ture, will ultimately work the needed
As Floridians are considerably inter-
ested in the affairs of California, we will
mention in this connection what the
Legislature of that State did specially
for the farmers at its recent session. It
endowed the State University with an
annual income amounting at present to
$76,000 per annum, of which about half
will go toward agricultural instruction
and experimentation. It appropriated
for the next two years, for the use of the
State Board of Agriculture, $20,000;
State Board of Viticulture, $30,000;
Board of Silk Culture, $5,000; State Ag-
ricultural Society, $85,000; twenty-two
distirct agricultural societies, $70,000.
Place these figures beside those which
represent the appropriations made by
the Legislature of Florida for agricul-
tural purposes; compare and reflect.
Energy and apathy shall have their re-
wards. We read of enormous increase in
some lines of Californian production,
reaching as high as 900 per cent, in one
year. This is because of the intelligence'
and enterprise of her .people, which is
reflected in these acts of her Legislature.
These elements of progress are worth
rhore to a State than any number of ex-
positions and any amount of advertis-
What is needed in Florida most of all,
is for the journals of the State, which are
the leaders of popular thought, to adopt
a radically different policy in their treat-
ment of the State's industrial interests.
Heretofore their treatment of the sub-
ject has been altogether too sentimental
and superficial. Self praise, will not
win success. Words have had their day,
and now we must begin to show works
if we seek further advancement. And
for works there must be workers, men of
practical and advanced ideas to work on
the farm, in the orchard, at the editorial
desk, in clubs and conventions and in
the Legislature.
When next the Legislature meets it
will, have no Senatorial election to
wrangle over, no new constitution to
put into effect, and it will be able more
thoroughly to consider measures to
which it could not give adequate atten-
tion at its last session. It is to.be hoped
that the farmers will then have one or
more representatives of the type of Wm.
H. Hatch. But above all it is desirable
that the advanced ideas which'are now
taking shape;sbhall have becom7so well
e.tablilisEd and wjdeIs ksi i"5't'iht tl'f-
people's representatirveT wil-l 7-e6F icle-d
upon to give them legislative sanction
and support, if only in response to popu-
-lar sentiment. .


We believe most Southern farmers are used money at all. There must be some
conscious that tbe prevailing style of ag- degree of reversion to first principles in
riculture is radically wrong, yet'we order to meet the stringency of the
hear of radical changes in but few sec- times. And above all, people must study
tions. The Southern farmer has long -to accomplish the most with a day's la-
been in the habit of conc.entiating his bor. There is a Vast deal of wasted ef-
attention on some one crop, which most fort especially among those whoadopt
fort.,lespeciallyeaongmthosy, tiaacro
readily brings ready money. "Tis crop a profession theyjiave not been trained
may be.cotton, sugar, rice or tobacco.; in to. Thousand-of- people from cities and
a large portion of Floi ida it is oranges. villages, have bought landing Florida on
The well recognized evil attending the the supposition that certain rural indus-
:the supposition that certain rural indus7
one crop system, is the necessity of buy- tries could be carried on here quite out
ing the staple s supplies for h me con- of theline of ordinary farming, and not
i sumption. This leads almost ifnevitably demanding any knowledge of that profes
to thle buying of supplies en 'credit, todeainaykowdgofttpres
to the buying of supplies on .credit tsion. Whether those attractive- special-
the running up of accounts and the'pay- ties prove to be a success or not, every
ing of credit prices, which inchide heavy dweller inthe country can derive vastly
interest, amounting sometimes to 100 more enjoyment-to say nothing of
per cent. per annum. Such a system ig profit-by being able to practice all the
manifestly ruinous, and the leading of the husadman and it should
....arts of the h us:a u dma n. and. it should
journals of the South admit that the be his endeavor to educate himself up to
farmers have been growing poorer each that point. Therefore the great need of
year since the depression in the prices of. practical agricultural journals in this
their staple money crops.. State. Therefore our journalistic policy
This depression is caused largely by of dealing with all branches of rural
the competition of foreign cheap labor, .enomy, specializing such as are most
and there is no likelihood of a change in applicable to Florida, and continu'ally
favor of American producers. Recog- d. directing attention to matters and meth-
nizinrg this to be the case, is it not wi ods which prone most hopeful results.
to pause and ask if the old road is not We do not interfere with other journals
lie road tode.strut'out n" IJf all inuica- ,- ..
t .e road to destru .o f all which prefer to keep in- the, old ruts.
tons show it to be so, then surely it rtedout independent in all things,
should be abandoned Yet people will estarteled by outindepe ndnt i "entang-lltugs,
c-un t+'uo the raiidos along' while in th, u u+~~P:"e w untrammeled by Did ideas and
ncg to their idols a ong while in the ling alliances," and we now have the
ace of reason. A planter of Westen satisfaction of knowing that our policy
Florida was complaining to us that for is fully endorsed alike by old residents
several years cotton had uot paid ex- and new comers- In this course we
penses. Then,"' said we, "what are shall continue, feeling 'assured that we
you planting this year? Cotton," was shall thereby earn an increasing meas-
his reply. An old resident of Marion ure of favor and support.
county was deprecating the prevailing
habit with the people of that region of -
concentrating all their attention and re- Reorganization Needed.,
sources on the orange grove. "And The following is a portion of a letter
bow was it in former times?" we asked; received from tho editor of the Farm
,,'th.. r I 'ae and Home, the remaining portion being
"Did- not farmers raiesother crops be- in reference to the electrotype of Mr.
fore the war?" He replied: "Yes, every Hatch, which appears-on the first page
one raised his own corn, cotton. sugar, of this issue:
tobacco, rice, vegetables. honev' and al- EUditor Florida Farmer and Fruit-Gh'ower.-
most everything else they needed, and DEAR SIR: From what little I know
they never thought of buying hay or fe- of your Florida Agricultural College, I
tilizers.," think there is a splendid chance for you
.. .. .. ,: -to do good work in bringing about its
Those were the days of plain living, reorganization on a basis more strictly
studiedeconomv and abundant,,resources in conformance with the act under
with which to 'meet the many chances I which it was organized. The farmers in
wt -c tm e e ma.ny ,ceother States have become thoroughly
to which the farmer is subject. And aroused over the misapplicaiin of the
that is the style of llving-and of farming agricultural college fund, and are deter-
*' <& '

A ulirCUlar tetter in itS Benali Tobacco-Varieties, history in Florida,
from Mr.- Myrick. recent .experiences, seed, culture mafiu-
DEAR SIR: The question having arisen fracture.
as to whether the money intended by FR rs.-
the Hatch act was really appropriated, Citrus Fruits-C6mparison of varie
we at once wrote the Acting Secretary ties, hardiness and productiveness. meth-
of the Treasury, asking for an official ods of propagation, methods of planting
decision on this point The question was and culture coniparative .-fects of fer-
referred to the first comptroller, and he tilizers., marketing of fruit. preservation
gave to-day an opinion that an appro- of'fruit wine and otherrodiicts.
priation, if made at all, is provided for p
in section 5 of the act. The comptroller Peach, pear fg', Fe. ,inmon, -Japan,
says: "ThMis act, if possible, must be plurm, K els'ey rplum. native plum. mnul-
construed so as tomake the whole har- brry in ariot. :banana.
monious and intelligible. I suggest that piresIpple sap.dtila, mango, avocada,
if it was intended by the language above ,a cp. oanut. pecan Enisb walhut
quoted to make an approl.riaton. such alm ond, pomegianuate. olive, grape ,
appropriation isa permanent annual ap. etiraw berry, blac berry. raplerry--Va--
soil, weather. *'tc.. best metbuds of
PICIpriaton. and the words to bte -;pe- I riltiese'their.charate.i betc effects -of .~
:ial'ly 'provided tor byr t:',:ogre ..
cli'culture. ,'
in the0 appropriations from 'yearcl "t'"e .
to year' are 'uperdu.,us. It is t y NAIrvE TREES ANi D HERBS.
opinion that Congress only intended-by Planting tre.,; foi) ornament or utility, -;-
the exprtesion, -*'tbe sit-im f f {$15,000-per- the burning over o"f forest lauds, theY
-anuum is herely appropriated toeaIh lumber and turpentine indusr;i'os, the '"
Staie,' to fix the amount that could be tanning industry, phenomena of plant *
specially provided for by Congres in life. weeds and noxious plants. "
ap;rorriatimiifroni yerr to year. N B.-Spe,-imins may be -edtY" "'e
Hence I nT UJconcldm, rt section 5ouoesi .1.Se:m-sEa eif ote
Hence. I c includee that section 5 editor for identification. Information is
nc.t uiike an appropriating, but that the ,desmied respecting popular uames and
amount iiii-t be specially provided tfor t
hy Congress u es "" FLO-WER ARDEN.
I thus appears that the money spEci- FLWE I -R .
fled in the Hatch act will not:be availa- Plants adapted to thi climate, out-
ble until a special appropriation bill door culture, management of green-
providing for it has been enacted, TheIouse"
objection or defect ii a purely technical INSECT ENFEhUES AND tFUNGOID DlSEASEc.
one, as it was tbeuniderstanding of every "'Nature otf damage done aud remedies.
member of Con'gress that the bill appro
printed $15,ii(i ifor the year beginning MICELLANEOcS SUBJ.ECTS.
October 1, 1887, and that in subsequent Bees and bee plants, silk culture and
years the money was tobe specially pro- the mulberry, hunting and fishing, dogs
vided for by Congress in the appropria- and dog laws, fences an, I roads, legisla-
tions each year. There is no doubt, tion for farmers, homestead laas, trans-
therefore, that a special act covering portation, marketing produce. experi-
this defect can begot through early in mental tarms, agricultural education,
the Fiftieth Congress. We hope that home manufactures, natural history
such an act may be secured so thatthe of Florida. historic points, sanitary ad-
money will be available April 1, 1888, at vice, farm buildings, house furnishing,
least; This defect in the law, however, farm machinery, farm implements,
will not prevent any State or Territory water supply, cooling appliances, re-
from accepting the provisions of the act cipes for cooking, home decorations,
and preparing for the judicious expendi- household economy, mineral and earths,
ture of the money. This delay of -six climatology, hints on the care of chil-
months in the appropriation :may be for dren, on dress, habits, reading, amuse-
the best interests of the cause of agricul- ments. etc.
ture, asit will give more time in whi.:h In treating of the above and related
to mature plans for the use of the money subjects, practical experience is much to
in such a way as to avoid as much as be preterred to theoretical knowl,
possible error and loss in the application edge; yet there are topics needing dis-
of the funds., cussion which have to be treated of
It issuggested that all interested in from a somewhat theoretical stand-
this beneficent measure improve every noint:
opportunity to impress upon their Sena-
tors aud Representatives in Congrcss the we do not desire letters written mere-
necessity of passing a special appropria- fly in praise of special localities unless
tion bill for thii purpose early in the claims to favor are based on the products
coming session. Personal interviews or productiveness of the soil. Articles
with vour members of Congress this of an animated or vivacious style are de-
summer at their own homes, will be of sirable by way of variety, but practical
great influence in bringing about this statements and descriptions should be
result. Particular attention should be concise and as much to the point as pos-.
given to new members of Cbngress, who sible.
may not be familiar with the matter. All communications for the editorial
The matter should be kept before all department should be addressed to -
farmers' organizations also, until fall, EDITOR FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER'
when we shall prepare petitions, circu-
lars, etc., to be forwarded to Congress as nrANTED.
,soon as it. has completed its organization. V
The matter must be kept before the A tenant who understands the rearing and
public meanwhile, but it is no use to shipment of garden truck and fruit, in cultivate
take formal action in the way of resolu- a 'large farm and orange groves on shares. Best
takie aora action inte was 1 resolu- r r hammock land a an annual product of
tions and petitions-at leastin ordinary about 100,000 oranges A man with twoor three
fgrmers'associations-tillab6ut the time boys large enough and not afraid to work can
Congress convenes Keep the matter bear of a rare chance by dpplicatmon co the un-
derslpied, at Manatee, Fla.
judiciously before the public, then this References required. J. H. VTSEB.
fall "strike-when the iron is' hot," with
such an irresistible energy that the de- Genuine Wahiiigno andble lmnm'i1 ilosala
sired act may be put through with the Geuue Wasuh o aundDouble Imperial favels.U
.least possible delay. In this connection MAIYLAN RSIES.
it will of course occur to all parties that. AND NURSERIES.
it will be wise to preserve the utmost Order Now if you'wish to be in time.
harmony in discussing the disposition of
the money. Thus your membersof both Weofferfor Falland Winter Delivery choice
the House and Senate may have no cause lot ofo GENUINE WASHNGTON NAVELS
dc oAlso, the VILLA FRA.NOA,best and hardiest o -
to doubt the beneficence of the act as Lemons. Also, Early Spanish, Jaffa, Majorca,
applied to their own Site or Territory. Malta Oval, and nearlyaaU varieties of Orange,
Thus they may, also see that the agri- Lemon and Lime. we also offer for. the
cultural interest is thoroughly and har- flrt lime o Florida orange -growers the
moniously united in behal( of this far- DOUBLE IMPERIAL NAVEB, .
reaching legislation. "". L "
Trusting for your continued and ag- MostProllflc Navel known, and the
gressivo cooperation, very sincerely ATWOOD'S SEEDLESS 'NAVEL.
yours in the great cause of agriculture, -.
Agricultural Editor Farm and Home. I. .
SPRINGFIELD, Mass., March 17, 188.7. Winter Pa'rk, Orange Cohmty, Fla.


to which the modern tiller of the soil mined that this Hatch fund shall not be Hints to Correspondents.
must revert. Nearly all the necessities misapplied in a similar way.
l b p u fro t a t In Connecticut. for instance, Yale The readers of the FLORIDA FARMER
can be produced from the soil, and the College gobbled the agricultural college AND FRUIT-GROWER are respectfully in-
superfluities should be dispensed with money, and made a great fight to get vited to contribute to its columns articles
by those who have a "living to make."!' the Hatch fund for the State experiment and notes on all subjects pertaining to
The economy or "management" which is station, which is inclose sympathy with the farm, garden, orchard and house-
d in c r h a th that college, although not officially con- hold affairs. The range of topics which
practiced in country homes atthe North, nected with it,-and although doing very will be discussed in this journal may be
is something for which the average good work; but after a big fight, the gathered from the subjoined tale, which
Southerner has a natural aversion. Hab- Legislature divided the fund between may serve to suggest what might other-
its which the Northern farmers' wives the independent State agricultural school wise escape attention
most admire, are regarded by planters' and the existing station, which was FARM MANAGEMENT.
most admire, are regarded by planters' very right. Clearing land, draining land, crops-for
wives as "mean and stingy." The ne- Again, in Ohio, where the State uni-newlandsuccession of cro
groes, while in slavery, acquired an ut- versity has the college. grant and gives farming, treatment of different soils,
ter contempt for economy, and this has comparatively little attention to agri- resting land, soiling vs. pasturing, coiv-
gone far toward retarding their pr ogress. culture, or at least fails to make agri- pennihg, green mianuring.
cultural instruction prominent and suffi- ..
One of their leading representatives has ciently inviting to induce a reasonable DOMESTIC ANIMALS. -
declared thatthey are the most extrava- attendance of students, the Legislature Horses, mules, cattle, hogs, sheep,
gant and improvident people in the has given the Hatch fund entirely in poultry-Breeds, feed, diseases, treat-
world charge of the directors of the State ex- ment.
world periment station. There was a big fight SPECIAL FERTILIZERS.
In the orange belt of Florida the pre- over this, in which the 'farmers of the Cotton seed, cotton seed meal, barn--
vailing policy is to sell the entire pro- State, led by the grange organization, yard manure, guano, ground bone, su-
duct of the soil and buy the staple arti- protested against- a further misapplica- perphosphtpate, g.vpsumf -limte, kainit,
tion of Government funds bv giving the ashes, marl, muck- leaf mould, comr-
cles of consumption. Such a policy as Hatch money to the university. posts.
this would seem to have- been devised There is such a wonderful amount of FORAOE cR-;.
expressly for the benefit of railroad corn- work" that a progressive agricultural ags ""b ... Pars :s
panies. It certainly gives them too college and exper tmea g a-ts. crrab gisn rnr
for Florida-your State has such grand Gi.n .-s. Terrell grass -rchiard
great a prominence in the State's affairs, possibilities before it, which ,n ie 50 grass, red-trpgra-s. Johnongras, Texas
We have just been examining a classified greatly fostered by properly managed miue grass, parl millet erman millet, o
...; ... -- -- -.. 1 ll-i, malzp, tkaff r corn, teO~ante, so tg
,list of the laws passed by the last Legis- institutions of this nature-that I felt um. f e cr cw p ds .
contranedto ahetim toWrite you in urncrn.o ead~roi
lature, and find thatthe number relating cr1 a hin tmo enunta m t m exicanciover, lespedeza. alfalfa,
to railroads is twenty-seven, to agricul- me if an assist you in the good work, mtPed elilo .
ture, none! Part of these laws are design- and let us co-operate in this and all TAPLE CROPS. .-
.. .-- Corn, oats, rye, wneat--Varletles
edtoremedy certain evils connected with other endeavors to promote American Cr, wha t-Vritie s
agriculture in legitimate lines. yield per acre, soil and season, difficul-
railroad transportation.. Some extor- erysincereyyou ties encountered. geuerdal tr.atmenr.
tionate practices may be remedied- in a HERBERTrMYRICK, Cotton-Long ayus tl .ho,/t Stple.-Plant-
measure, but the fact remains that the Agricultural Editor Farm and Home. ing and culture, marketing crop, man-
agriculturists are subject to a galling. Springfield, Mass., May 20, 1881. agement of seed,, products from the
tyranny while they are so dependent on S ga oseed. C r m-V
P c c NTM AT 0 Sugar:Cane and Sorghum--Varieties,
the iron horse. It saps their substance THE EXPERIMENT S TATION ACT culture, making syrup and sugar, condi-
as rapidly as the keeping of an elephant tidn of, market.

But this policy cannot be continued
long. The illusions fostered by the rail-
luAau me.- -nlfn m ny i~n pepiennavela

learned from experience how illusive
they are.
The policy toward the railroads which
we advocate, is to use them just as little
as possible. Work Into the system of
producing your own meat, feed for
stock and fertilizers. Keep grades of
milch cattle, which will afford plenty of
milk and butter. 'Keep hogs, sheep and
poultry enough to supply your meat.
Keep bees and raise sugar-cane to sipply
the sweets. Have fruits of a dozen
kinds, and what you cannot use fresh,
can and dry or make into wine and vine-
gar. Many cereals may be produced
which can be ground into flour, meal
and h,:,miny at neighborhuod mills.. Sell
your surplus in-order thai you may pa3t
ruru taxes and buy ne-cesaryv comnirodi-
T'F swlhich jc.u cannt:.l produce,
When people get into a habit of eco-
nomical living, they ban devise home-
made substitutes for scores of articles
which others think must be bought at
the store. It will be well ,o revive-some
of the habits of'the Dioneers,who scarcely


Wur vmf Sifrd

With a helping hand and a Welcome for all
Who wish to be friendly and make us a call;
'With words of good counsel for old friends and
'Who come to us seeking the best way to do.
All questions of general interest will b
answered through these columns.
Personal Inquiries will be answered by mai
-when accompanied by stamp for reply.i
Subscribers are cordially Invited to take
-seat in our Cosy Corner, and exchange views
-experiences and recipes of mutual benefit
"Help ye one another."
Communications Intended for publication
-must be brief, clearly written,-and only. o
.-one side of the paper.
All matter relating to this department
-should be addressed to
Fla. Farmer and Fruit-Grower.
Montclair, Fla

Our Cosy Corner.
'One of the most important places in
the house, as we all know, the very
fountain-head of health and comfort, is
the kitchen, and next to the stove itself
the most important place in the kitchen
--is the table.
Whether or not. we can secure that de
.sideratum, the model kitchen table de
-scribed in our last talk together, a roomy
-one, of convenient size, is an absolute
necessity; just as a driver must have
room to .turn his vehicle in, so must
-the cook have-, space wherein to
turn herself and her numerous weapons
"of culinary warfare.
Have a good tight top to the table,
-and, to save the constant labor of scrub-
-bing in the vain hope of removing every
-stain of grease or fruit or sooty pot,
.stretch tight over the surface and tack
-under the edges, an oil cloth cover. It
-does not cost much, not near so much as
-the cumulative waste of soap, to say
nothing of that vastly more serious mat-
ter, the waste of strength and time in un-
satisfactory scrubbing.
Those who have not tried this cover-
ing of the kitchen table cannot realize
the amount of work it saves, nor how
much neater the table looks. The simple
wiping off with a wet cloth and a little
soap is a very different matter from the
hard scrubbing of the bare boards. Have
a little wooden soap dish always on the
A waiter kept permanently at the out-
*side right-hand corner will not only save
the -oil-cloth from contact with the hot
pots from off the stove, but will also
serve to drain the dishes upon.
On both sides of the table place one or
more narrow shelves to hold the many
little things-needed constantly while at
-work there-a jai of corn-starch. graham
flour, rice, tea and coffee.
On the wall .behind tbe table tack up
either a long naron s.tii p of muslin,
which can:readily'be washed, or news-
papers, to be frequently changed.
-On one side of the stove keep a large
box filled with wood, and a small one
with. kindlings, and alIrve these a shelf,
on which may dwell, uncontaminated
Sby pots, or pans, your flat-irons, with
their respective holders 'hanging above
them. It is a good place, too, for the
stove polish and shoe blacking and
brush. -
At the right hand of the stove, on the
wall, drive nar's. on which hang, as
most, convenient, the dipper'usedto take
water from the large iron pot, which
should be ou every stove, the tonigs,
rake, fire shovel aorl lid lifter.
On tie other side of the stove, on
rows of nails, hang up the frying pars.
grater, cullender, toasting fork, a long
iron or agate-ware spoon, dripping pans,
and such other odds and ends as will
submit to being hung without detriment
to their lives. .
Just beyond these, but still within
easy reaching distance from the stove, a
tier of shelves, an open closet, -rather,
will save the housekeeper many steps.
On these keep the pr.ts, pans and tin-
ware of all kinds in daily use; also, con-
venient to hand, pepper and salt. ; :
If newspapers are spread on these
shelves they will never need scrubbing,
. and by frequent change of the papers.
they will always look clean and neat.
Every kitchen should have its closet
S, for the china in constant use on the ta-
ble, and in cooking, for the plates. meat
and vegetable dishes, bread can. syrup
jug, vinegar jug. starch box and other
similar kitchen necessities.
The flour barrel should stand in one
corner (unless one ha" the "'model kitch-
en table") with sieve and ecoop inside,
a cloth thrown over it, and over this, as
a cover, the pie board, right side don n.
Above it, on the wall. hang the quart
measure, and the cake and bread pans.
There -is no reason, either, why our
Florida kitchens should not be provided
with the great convenience of a sink, to
-carry off the surplus and dish water.
Every worker knows how severe is the
strain upon a weak side and back when
the heavy dish-pan of water has to be
carried down the kitchen steps and
some distance beyond before being
thrown out.
A zinc lined box, standing upon legs,
secured against the wail with a pipe
leading from it out, through the wall or
floor, and conducting the waste water to
some distance from the house into a
reservoir, whence it could be dipped
and used to advantage on trees or com-
post.. Such an arrangement would.be a
blessing to the tired housekeeper, and
"want of means" should not be allowed
to excuse its absence, for the cost would
be nothing in comparison with the gain,.
and very little even in hard cash.
(To be Continued.i

Who Warits Girls?-.
And by I bat question we mean young
girls, to be taken into our. good, quiet,
Florida homes, and taught, to be gener-
allyt useful to others, and thereby partic-
ularly so to themselves.
Most of our readers are familiar with
the fact that last fall Our Home Circle

inaugurated a movement which has al- no use unless it be freshly made.-Boston ing it was to find her and her babies en- actly. They are home-made to suit the
ready resulted in placing many other- Journal of Commerce. joying the sweet sleep of the innocent, trade. They look good, but there is lit-
wise homeless boys in comfortable Flor- TEST FOR DRINKING WATER. just as close to my humble self as it was tle flavor to them. Some one thought it
ida homes, and will eventually be the Drinking water, says a hygienic possible for them to be. was a shame to waste the beautiful and
means of adding several hundred good, writer, may be tested ,n this simple When the family became reduced to nourishing cocoanut shell, and conceived
hard-working citizens to our population. way:. Fill a pint bottle three-quarters the mother and two children, and Jack the idea of heating it and then grinding
This movement meets one of our pop- full of the water Dissolve in it one- had come to understand that I did not it to a fine powder. This, when artisti-
d ular wants, but there is another to be half teaspoonful of the best white sugar. desire the company of the latter, her cally mixed with various kinds of oils,
met, which more especially concerns Set it away in a warm place for forty- wonderful love for me and her natural makes a good spice for pies and other
our housekeepers, and that s, the help t if m pae becomes love for her kittens came into conflict, good things. It is a growing industry,
Which intelligent girls of from twelve to ighoudt hours. unfit todrinkater becomes and finally she made a compromise. As and well patronized. Some of this pow-
sixteen years of age could easily render TO FASTEN LAMP TOPS. soonas we settled down at night she dered shell, after being flavored and
1 in the household. TO FASTEN LAMP TOPS. would come and snuggle down in her made into a stiff paste, is pressed through
a Let the editor of Our Home Circle A standard London journal gives the- old place near me, but at the first wail moulds into the shape of peppers and
, once be well assured that the homes are following recipe for a cement which is from- the kittens in the adjoining room cloves. These, mixed with a quantity
. ready and'waiting, and an earnest effort not quickly penetrated by kerosene, and she would rush to them, to return to me of the genuine article, gives about all
n will be made in this direction, to the but superficially attacked by hot water, as soon as they dropped to sleep; once in the, flavor it is safe for a person to take,
n mutual benefit of both the seekers and It is made with three parts of resin, one a while, though, her patience gave out, and the grocer does not lose anything,
t the sought. part of caustic soda and five parts of and I would wake up to find more corn- but goes' on paying his pew rent and
But we want such assurance from our water. This is mixed with half its weight pany than I bargained for. Once, sit- building rows of houses the same as if
sisters, that we may go to work clearly of plaster of Paris. This cement sets ting up suddenly, I felt a small avalanche there was a little cream in the cheese, a
and intelligently. So again we say: firmly in about three-quarters of an roll down my back-Jack and the kit- small quantity of sugar in the glucose,
"Who wants girls?" hour, but it is advised to allow the lamp tens, who had curled up comfortably on and a taint of butter in the eleomar-
to stand several days before using. my pillow, resting against the top of my garine.
The Davis Fund. MITES ON ANIMALS. head
We regret that we cannot chronicle The other day a "neighbor in distress" The two kittens were pretty lit tle fel- Small savings in most branches of
further additions to this charitable ob- appealed to us as "an animated encyclo- lows, one buff and one black, and both business constitute the main chance of
ject, and had fully purposed to bring piedia," to know if we could recommend with white breasts and feet, and they. profit.
the matter no longer before our readers, anything that would kill the mites and were both as different in disposition as
But how can we refrain from doing so large ticks that were draining the life- they were in color. Opinions of the Press.
a once more-this once only-when just blood from his horse. The animal was To prevent them frombeingtormented (From the Florida Baptist Witness.)
now the wife of the one-armed sufferer thin, weak and his skin rough, the in- byfleinas (who show theirndwisdom b The FARMr AND FUI R
n has come.to us with. tear-dimmed ey-s, sects above mentioned having taken .wee to put ough a wooly old bla comes to our table regularly and
to state that they have been warned to possession before they were noticed. weu e toua r h wold y he kittd promptly, and is full of interesting and
- leave the little home they have been Various remedies bad been tried without on them uffor. as holding then instructive matter. It certainly excels
- clearing and improving, and have par- result, and it was becoming a question on tn p f :n tpwer ond tbem. n any paper we have seen, for Florida
Stially paid for, and the rude but com- whether the poor horse would not be lit- n a w moments e eas wou especially. Send to Jacksonville for it
portable cabin they have built, unless erally eaten up alive, tumbling ff, and crawling nto this Address as above, and readit awhile and
the $60 still due in payment for it are We told our neighbor to get soe car- woolly surface, would die there, n Address asaboe,andreadit awhile and
t. shortly forthcoming? bolic soap and Scoth snuff; to go home only from the powder, but because they
How bitterly to lose the home so hope- and make a strong suds with the soap could not jump or get free. [From the Times-Democrat.]
s fully improved, and now the sole de- and warm water, and bathe the horse One of the kittens, little Buffer, learned "Editor Curtiss, of the FARMER AND
pendence 6f a helpless family, for what thoroughly with it, putting it on with a very quickly what the blanket and pow- FRUIT-GROWER, evidently struck the
to so many is a paltry sum, $601 sponge, and then, while still wet, to der gun meant, and after a few ineffen- popular fancy when he established that
-, scrub it with a stiff scrubbing brush, tual struggles, resigned himself to his journal. Its success is phenomenal, and
A n having first led the animal to some dis- fate, meekly allowing us to turn him although only a few months old, has al-
Answers to Correspondents. stance from its stable, so that the insects over and over and puff powder at him at ready taken the lead in all matters per-
S. W. W., Thonotosassa, Fla., writes dislodged, but not yet, perhaps, killed, will. Nay, more, he soon astonished us training to Southern horticulture."
as follows: "In a copy of your paper of could not return if they would. As by sitting up on his hind legs like a[Fromthe Texas Farme.)
the date of March 9th, find reference soonas the hair ad dried, this treat squirrel, shutting his eyes, and deliber- [om the Texas Farmer.
to the Children's Aid Society, and the meant was to be followed by an annoint- ately waiting to be shot-with the pow- "Florida is not behindher sister South-
. placing of children in families in Flor- ment of all-the worst places with the der. er States in material progress. It
ida. What is required to procure one Scotch snuff and .lard rubbed together. A show hadim the powder guny ant touch flowers, f,reach of thee grand ivis-
such child, and what is the average age Also, to put a little sulphur in the horse's s hi nm the spom der nit touch flower n f .irtictue areg-qua dl at h -
-him on the stomach with the nozzle, Ions of hortitulture are equally at tiume
of those sent out? food once a day. "hi hen he would at once sit up and shut there. The FLORIDA FARMER A'ND FRU--IT
, "In the autumn I would like a boy to Two days later our neighbor came to ben he would at once sit up and shut Gere. e FLoalA FARMeR AND F -
-assist me in housework and in other us again, with his face beaming. The his eyes, the meekestof the meek. GROWER i an ably conducted and ele-
Slight work suited to his capacity, in the mites and ticks were falling off the-ani- Far different was it with Master Velvet, gantly printed paper devoted to these
garden, chicken-yard, etc." malby the thousands, were almost gone, however. Hekicked and squirmedand very topics, to whichwe refer the reader
Answered by mail June 18th. : in fact, and the horse was coming back struggled so that it took two of us to or further informal on.
We receive many inquiries similar to to its appetite, and looking altogether .a hbld him while the powdering operation [From the Southern Cultivator.]
Sthe above, and to all have but the same different creature, was going on. Jack, meantinie, would "The Success of the FLORIDA FAR-
reply to make. Now, we have no doubt but that many sit gravely looking on, perfectly satis- MER AND FRUIT-GROWER, of Jackson-
To procure one of these boys, the ap- of our sisters will rejoice to know of fled that no harm could come to her ville, surpasses that of any similar
plicant has merely to give the society this simple remedy, all the more since treasures in our hands. publication in America.' The publishers
agent or editor Our Home Circle the we believe (having had no opportunity Oneday Jack brought in a rabbit she seem to be over-liberal in giving the
names of one or more reliable persons, of testing it) that the ointment of Scotch had killed and ,laid it down by the kit- mechanical part every attraction possi-
who will testify to his or her responsi- snuff and lard, rubbed on the-heads of tens. The way their tails swelled and ble, while Editor Curtiss is doing, the
ability and the suitability of the home poultry afflicted with the much-talked- their backs arched was funny to see; best work of his life. It is a combina-
offered, and to furnish the boy for one of **jiggers" (young fleas), will destroy also:, the cautious manner in which they tionthatcannot failof abundant success.
year with proper food and clothing', of them. Try it. crept near to the foe, and finally leaped The Cultivator is never sorry, to see such
which latter thesociety sends him forth To many persons the smell of car,bolic upon and tired toshake it. enterprise rewarded, as we have no
with one good, sound outfit. The boy, oionp is disagreeable, but those who do We gave them away when they were rivals to be jealous of, but wish all suc-
on his part, pledges his woid to work not.obiect to it nil find it a *friend in two months old, and they grew up- into cess."
faithfully on- thee.-. f..or. the same. need." in keeping off mosquitoes and dome eas, worthy oif their dainty, (From the Gardeners' Monthly]
period, at the end of which tima e-'t-1 ,the ti S i ,-se'ts.- cr our L-.- 'v-.- .2aitiful mother.
free to leave or make his own terms. ard walls 11 itih it. ** 7 '', O- -icj4UI a tricuturIl-e tut,iut useful as tShey-
The boys are br.,:-uit foau 'ew "York JMAIOA INGER BEER- -- --- heir peC fids rrel
in companies of froi ten to fiftv in OrENO WARER IN A S EEET OF PAPER. n their in f r
charge of tle so-iety's agent Their One bottle o .Jamaica ginger extract, ind in them anything of special interest
ages iane fm sixten t eheen. six qa.rt eof water, one ounce of cra Taka of pa a ld up the ielligenc class of oi ticulturists
large omD- is expected ire in the tartar, one pound sugar: stir well until cShoolboys do. in a square box without a for which the ,i-de,,e,-s' MoMthly has to
fall. co- teh the sugar is melted add the rated peel lid. ang this to a walking stick by cater. We were, therefore, agreeably
They naturally decline to assist in oftone lemon, heat until warm hut not our hreas, a, support the stick upon surprised on reading among the batch
housework t entirely h add one te-.spoonful of good east, hooksor other convenient props. Then of exchanges on our table. No. of this
workden o t ae theirelement in stir wel aned brjtt.e; wi' di. wn the a lamp por tape .must lbe placed under to find it of a very high order of intelli-
engroveorchickenyar. corks. It will be fit to drink in four or this dainty cauldron. In a few minutes gence, and one which must have an ex-
Our present correspondent, we ju- fie dayvs t!le water will boil. The only fear is lest cellent effect in fostering Florida's inter-
i one of the many who do "want girls the threads should catch fire and let the ests." .
S* ." ,water spill into the lamp and over, the0. v S Jun.
The Family Friend. Our .Young Folks' Corner. table. The flame must therefore nothbe ,[From the So. LiveStock Journbal.]
A A HOME-MJAT E REFRIGERATO 0R. ITS STANDING OFFER. too large. The paper does not burn be- "We regret.that the first number [of
A REFR* A nice picture book each month to the boy cause it is wet; and even if it resisted the FARtrR AND FRrIT-GROWER] fai ed
The Christian Union gives the follow- or sri wn.o smcosus the lar.,-est litosu-bse-rlb- the wet it would not burn through, be- to reach us; but the second shows a very
ing directions for this article: Obtain ersfor THE FLORIA F.AMEpR. DAN. FRUir- cause the heat imparted to one side by handsome sheet as to paper, typography
two common dry goods boxes. uof such .Lble flutbt1. mCoPY Of th. famous the flame would be very rapidly con- and. general makeup, while the addi.
sizes as that thesmaller one will be large cjildr,-'n .-..aezer,. Nlcnolai, to ine boy ducted by the water on the other tiona department is all we expected of
enough to hold the iceand fiod you wish oriIrl 'iwhe send us te i .r-atl nuLib1,r of Anotheriexpeiriment of a similar nature the distinguished editor. Many of our
to keep with it, and the other will be u be thingbutperhaps more trikin i as follows readers are interested directly and sec-
about four inches larger around. The orn oi- -; writ -n on oneeldri-h pae: ive Twistupthe edges of a common play- ondarily in everything connected with
smaller one must be lined.with zinc, or your age .. L card so a- f-sin ir Io lih Florida, and we cordially commend this
it Will absorb moisture from the ice, an, Thebbest -ii.!ter received *111 be published ig card s*o as to fashion it into a light Florida, and we cordiall-commend this
ea trait will absorb moisture. On this tray place a layer of new and excellent periodical as worthy
soon make troun Le. Near one corner of Now o to work and see who wins. small.shot or bits of lead and heat it of their patronage. With best wishes
the bottom of the smaller box lore a over the flamesof a lamp. The lead will for its success, we welcome this new as-
hole an inch in diameter, and, when the JACK, melt, but the card will not burn. It pirant for public favor and patronage,
box is lined with zinc. have tube about ,Coninued.) may be charred a littiearound theedges. .feeling assured -f the good work it will
seven inches long securely fastened in There are some presents, you know, but immediately below the lead it ?vill accomplish in and out of Florida."
this hole. There must beono crevice in- that one would just as lief not accept, not be burned, for here again the lead
to which the water cansoak. A cover, and Jack's gift to me was one of these conducts off the heat on one side as fast TAPAN CLLVER AND TURF GRASS.
which alt o should be zinc-lined. must e things; but then she was so proud and as it is supplied on the other. eeez d Papampla
fitted to the box. Then procure some -(L edezastriataand Paspahui.paycaule.)
charcoal, broken finely, and fill the happy over those little bals of fur, that A FOLLY BAG. Illustrated and described in FLORIDA FARMEi-
larger box in which tirsta hole has been tre was only oue thig to do-"make This is a little bag for.holding delicate AND FRuIT GROWER.
,bored to receive the tube from the inner he bie o it i fkncy work, and quite an improvement Supplied at 91.00 per thousand,
box).with- the powdered charcoal to aandhefiweball ound becthat ack't twoedu- on a simple handkerchief for that pur- --
depth of about four inches. Place the a n we und ,utatJack's eu pose. It is made from any pretty silk k T. K. GODBEY, Waldo, Florida.
smaller box on the charcc-al, and fill thle cation h.d been neglected, for she could handkerchief, by sewing on, just a little
space between thesidesof the two boxes count. She looked rather puzzled, within the border. a circular casing of a N. IS,.E. A.B.OLR, Architect.
with the charcoal, up even with the in- and I expect thought to herself that her ribbon or silk to hold a ribbon on which
ner box, and cover.the space with a nursery in the corner had suddenly be- to draw up the handkerchief into bag ELLIS.& McCLURE,
neat strip of board. This will eive youome larger an more r-omy; ut she form. After drawing up the ribbon and
awas bo ith double and sides evident soon satisfied that t was ting it in a bow, the border and four

non-conductors. With an outer cover The very frat nighita ter lcame.home, back over the sides of the bag. When
the size of he large box, and four blocks and. Jack had si prou.lly laid her tres- .working. the bag can be spread out flat Plans for .
to raise the whole from the floor, so that tures at my feet, what do you think she %onthe lap to protect the work. HOTELS -PUBLIC & PRIVATE BUILD-
a pan may be placed under the tube to didthat even wi INGS,ANITARY ENGINEERING, &c.
catch the water which comes from the aKnowingthat. even with her childrenFoodAdult. P. ox784. Rooms7ands8PalmettoBlock
cal thed water which comes from the at her& side, sbe would not rest if shut Food Adulterations. -. ox Bay Street.Pl toBl
cmeltto a d shelvbole wil dbe dedone, ex- away entirely from her beloved mistress, The New York Tribune tells of coffee JACKSONVr.LLE,FLA.
cept to add shelves as esired. Ihe door'betwveen the study 'where she beans nade of flour, and poor flour at
the "outer cover" by arranging tbe boxes was, and the bedroom was left pa, tially that, which has been shaped like the M1u1?!1 i Vltr
so that the ice should be in the upper ohe m i pp11U1ll ltry 1a11s,
part of the smaller box andn helves be- Well. I was awakened by feeling some- grocer mixes a quantity of flour beans
low, the cover becoming a door. This thing warm and soft resting on my with the genuine coffee. When the hon- J. FLETCHER HURLEY, Prop'r,
could be easily done and the result cheek, and by the time I was roused est housewife, who buys whole coffee so
could be easily dune, and the result ghough to be sure that I was not dream- as to get it pure, grinds up this mixture, O-D A AT

erator were aof expensictoryve manufacture ing, another something landed under and the odor steals out from the mill, rjENADA, MISSISSIPPI,
-ED.] my chin. Then there came a low, tri- her eyes snap, and she laughs at the .- i'
umphant chickle-I can't call it any- people wbo are foolish enough to buy Breeds Prize Winning
DRINK LEMONADE. thing else-and Jack curled herself up the coffee which is ground at the store, Plymonuth Rocks, Wyandottes, Brown
Dr. Langfelt has made recent experi- against my arm. Lifting my head I and can be easily adulterated. The taste Leghorns and Bronze Turkeys.
ments with a number of substances, as found that the something on my cheek of this compound is not unpleasant, and -
directed to destroying microscopic life was a kitten; theothersomethingtucked it will not injure any one. Even the OOD FOWLS FoR SALE ATALLTIME.
in drinking water. The addition of cit- under my chin was another kitten, and baby can take it with impunity. If the FW F AL ALLIME.
ric aeid in proportion of one two-thou-. Jack had the other three laid snugly coffee were drunk plain its weakness EG" SAS
sandtb part causes a cessation of life in away between ber paws. would be noticeable, but being usually EGGS IN SEASON.
from one-half to one and one-balf min- I anm afraid I did not scold as I ought taken with milk and sugar, the fraud is Won all ihe Leading Prizes at the
utes in these microscopic animals, and to have done, but instead, helped my not detected. Years ago all the coffee North Misslisppt Poultiry Show at
in about a minute after their death the sister to laugh so hard that Jack gathered was ground in the grocery, but adulter- Water Valley, Feb. 9 to l2 158857.
animalcules settle to the bottom of the all the kittens close within her pro- action was carried on so extensively that "
vessel, and can be found in abundance, tecting arms, and t(en looked up at us the piraetice was established of buying Farmers wishing to Improve their stock can
There is another class of animalcules reproachfully, and of course that made the whole bean. This led some inventive get SPEC'LL BARGAINS of me. I also sell a
which is not destroyed by this diluted us more solemn than ever. Yankee humanitarian, who believed that
citric acid. They are. however, largely We carried the large family of small too much coffee was bad for the nerves, First-C1aES Inculbatrl;
in the minority. The majority are dis- children back to their own premises, to bring out the flour bean.
patched by this solution. Parties who and read the mother a lecture, which Here is something else interesting. Poultry Journalsand Books at Reduced Prices.
wish to try this experiment must bear in made a deep impression, as we knew, See these beautiful samples of cloves and dead for Catalogue and Price Lisr, tree; or
miind that a solution of citricacid is of because when.ie awoke the next morn- peppers. Imported? Well, no, not ex- Peaemenrio this paper.

:he Larg:-s arw, Ov|l EFcient News Service in
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Mare and Foal. An Experience in Milking. POULTRY AT THE SOUTH. bird as the living and growing animal members of the colony before there isa
SIn the-mare the first milk after par- A writer of the New York Tribune, --and vegetable life. Birds have no stom- any attempt to handle them or even jar
In theion, called the "colostrumil," differs ma- givese fol ing bit f his eerie Many AdvantagesNot Enjoyed achs, and consequently no gastric juice, the hive. The first intimation given the
turition, called "colostrum," differs ma- gives the following bit of his Owing to the fact that we have an abun- bees that they are to be molested should-
Inquiries concerning diseases of domestic terially in composition from the subse- When I milk in seven minutes a cow in the Northern States. dance of insects, fruit, grass and seeds be a stream of smoke puffed inat the
animals may be addressed to Dr. D. O. Lyon, qent secretion. It contains principles art t 1ke tateS. dance of insects, fruit, grass and seeds be a stream of smoke puffed in at the
tonui als may be addressedadapted to remove the effete matters col- giving nine quartWhenI change compiling ese Mr. W. W. Garig, of Baton Rouge, during nearly the entire year, we can entrance; and unless it is during a good
lecacksonville, Florida, who will answer th ted in the foal intestines duringeffete mat etal never varies. onal abWhenceI cth cows, lesht writes the Rural New Yorker that the raise our fowis for one-fourth the cost flow of honey, this should he continued
through ths column life, hence itfoa intesthighlyneessary that the my ocasonal absence ofthe cow might and Plymouth Rocks are, in his opinion, by in a colder climate, yet to our shame, be until every bee is thoroughly alarmed
Veterinary Advice. newly bohence foal should be supplied with the mant the presence of minutes stranger, and far the best birds for this climate, both it said, we buy both eggs and poultry then the cover may ,e carefully remov-
The two following cases are reported the milk from its own dam, at least till her, she gives a quart or two less. The for the fancier and for thegeneralfarm- away from home. ed and a volume of smoke poured in at
from Louisiana and prescribed for effete matter (mecomium) has been ex- same happened when because of a badly er. They are hardy thrifty and prolific. here, as after which any rttlie or jar-
through the Southern Live Stock Jour- pelled, and the bowels have assumed bruised thumb I milked the cow more Langs and Brahmas do well here as Avoiding Stings. ring of the hive only seems to l di to the
nal: their natural functions. In spite of the slowly than usual. A cow with short po the Games. Any of the above will be subjection of the eees. If a hive is open-
1. I have a fine colt two months old, purgative effects of colostrum, the foal teats is milked by usin the bent thumb .profitable with fair treatment. The Pol- Ordinary bees sting only in defence of ed or even jarred before the bees are
that has some kind of an itch. It rubs is often constipated, especially if the and the first two fingers, and is thus ish, Houdans and other breeds with ex- their stores or themselves. A rabbit is thoroughly frightened by smoke. the
against the fence until it makes large dam has been fed with dry or indigesti- milked as quickly as another with the excessive feathering are delicate and al- not more timid and harmless'than a for- disturbance angers them and the apph-
raw places that run yellow' looking ble food during the latter period of preg- whole hand. When another milker most worthless. Leghorns are healthy aging bee. The distance to which it is cation of smokethen will not completely
water. If you can give me a remedy nancy; hence, many persons make it a strips the cow with the thumb and fore- and prolific after reaching maturity, but safe to approach a hive depends upon the subdue them; in fact, in some cases it.
to cure it, it will be thankfully received, rule to give the foal a dose of castor oil finger the milk always falls off. If, as is delicate and hard to raise, unless hatch- opinion of the bees and this pinion va- seems to increase their anger.
ANSWER.-Once a day get him to take shortly after birth-generally a good most probable, a good deal of the milk ed very early. All sorts of geese thrive ries greatly according to circumstances. Much may be done to avoid stings by
in his feed a large tablespoonful of practice, as none but beneficial effects are is secreted during the milking, the with us and can be raised at little or no The danger of stings is greatly lessened wearing appropriate clothing, properly
moistened flaxseed or as much flaxseed likely to result. Injections of warm soap quicker milking should get the most expense. Fortunes can be made at by approaching a hive from the side op- arranged. It should be smooth and of
meal. Or if he will take it in his drink and water are also recommended when milk, and the quantity should keep ieg- geese farming. I can raise a ton of geese posite to the entrance. The reason why some neutral tint, as gray or brown.
it is just as well. Or he may be drenched constipation is probable or has occurred, ularly up to the standard yield so long others for less money than one could the danger is greater in front of the hive Bees seem to have a particular aversion.
with it mixed in a gill of water. There is a probability of troublesome as the same quick method is practiced produce a ton of wool, is because the line of flight near the hive, to black clothing. The trousers should
Take a teaspoonful of thymo cresol or skin disease if a foal is allowed to suck a I do not think this climate is as bad for is in that direction. be tucked inside the boot tops, or it
phenal sodique and pour on it a pint of mare when she is overheated; but the "o poultry diseases Ps a colder one would be. As a rule, bees do not go very far out shoes are worn the pants may be tucked.
water, thus making a. whitish liquid, danger from heated milk is probably a Soiling Cattle. If Northern poultry should be treated as of their way to make an -attack. It is inside the stocking tops. The .wrist-
With this twice a day sponge well all trifle exaggerated, and is partly due to Soiling the battle will add wonderfully badly as ours are, there would be none for this reason that when an apiary is bands should be close fitting. In tact,
the affected parts, whether lumps or the fac e that the hungry little thing fat to their cattlomfort and it is the leftat the North. We have but little surrounded by a high board fence or a the whole clothing should be so made
raw places. It is not poison, and may partakes too greedily of the milk. Bet- economical wa to make fooortan d i t is t he mo group and cholera, and only from neglect row of thickly-set trees, th*e bees have and arrange as to leave as few openings
be used even twice as strong as above tr oo greedily of thhe safe side however, and al- fareconomest. I i a ro mal road towas en and filth. Our worst disease for little but little inclination to make an attack as possible. If the hairs upon the wrist
directed low the mare to cool, and bathe her richinal- far the farm and doesyal r otad 'towave then ccks is gapes. and I have seldom no- outside the inclosure. But of all things and back of te hand are long and abun-
2. LastApril, 1886,webought a young swollen glands with luke-warm water, toll-gates upon it tht those do which tiedthat outside of filthy runs. North- nothing makes bees so peaceable as a dant, many stings will be avoided by
Shorthorn bull from Kentucky. He has before the fbal is admitted to her. lead to the phosphafactores. A thin ern and Southern specimens of the same good flow of honey. At such a time shaving or singeing them off. If left on
* always been disposed to fight. He finally The usual time for weaning a colt is sprinkle from the compost heap over the breed do not differ, except in develop- they fly to and from the hive in a kind any bee that alights, will catch its feet.
got so bad we threw him and sawed his at the age of five or six months, when if meadows right after harvest, will renew ment. of quiet delirium, so absorbed apparently in the hairs, and when struggling to-
horns off as close as we could for the the mare has reconceived, has been, or is the grass, and sometimes double the With th e ame care we can grow a ingathering in the nectar that they pay escape, will sting-Colman's Rural
rope that held his head, which left about about to be worked severely, it is benefi- yield-the next year. larger bird, from the fact that all birds no attention toan intruder, even allow- World
an inch of horn. After sawing, seared cial for her that the separation should delight in warm weather-when not ex- ing the hive to be carefully opened with-
and stopped all blood, which was little. be no longer delayed. cessively warm. All birds, in their. nat- out the use of smoke. Impure Honey.
Did this nearly three weeks ago. He After parturition a mare should never ural state, hatch their young in warm It has been repeatedly asserted that the H u. r o e .
stood it all finely, except throwing, and be permitted to graze until she has had o f an weather. Every poultryman knows that blowing of smoke among the bees-so L leading bee keepers complain, and we
did well up to several days ago, when I a small allowance of sweet ay or some cold weather is death to young birds, and frightens them that they fill themselves eleve the complaint is well founded,.
found that screw worms had found their other nutritious, dry food; nor should even when birds are fully feathered with honey and are then good nature, that their honey trade has been crippled
way into his horns. Can you advise us she be subjected to work for at least How to Get Rid of Mites. they will not grow in cold weather as upon the same principle that a man is and made unprofitable by being obliged
through Journal how to cure horns or three weeks after foaling. they will in warm. Hence I concluded inmost amiable iumediately after dinner, to compete with honey adulterated with -
ry the pith sothat flies won't bother? dorord Farmer and uGrower that as we have nine months of warm WLiie this may be true in part, thereare glucose shipped to New Ole-ans from
He did finely until worms commenced, OL PETERS'ADVIE One of the disagreeable things a poul- growing weather we can raise a better good reasons for believing that smoke the North. e hare a splendid couiry
He did finely until worms en PETERS' V try keeper has to contend ADV E ns o
but since seems droopy and has fallen try keeper has to contend with, not only bird than can those who live in.a cold subdues bees mainly by frightening for bees, but they cannot compete with
off. Appetite, though- is good. We here in Florida, but elsewhere, is lice, or country where there are three months them; as Mr. Hadden say-v: **It seems to ucose at twe tylire cents a gallon.
let him run with herd. How the Quality of Stock May the still worse pest, the little mites. The more of cold weather. Many fall-hatch- instantly impress them with the utter The law against adulterated good
:AiSWER.---Withasmallsyringe, using Easily be Built up. latter is a special Florida pest, and the ed chicks are caughlf by the cold, and uselessness of opposing an enemy with shouldbe as applicable to bogus honey
carbolized tepid water, inject and wash One of the most honored advisory time they need specially looking for and stunted, and consequently never reach a breath like that." If a swarm is left as bogus butter. Why not ?-Times
carefully the parts attacked, and pick members of the Young Farmers' Club extra pains taken to destroy them is their full size. Another reason why we hanging upon a limb the bees sometimes Democrat.
out the worms that can be found. Then as well as one of ripe and rare exeri- hen setting liens first move can produce larger chickens in a warm become-fairly ferocious. A few puffs of
sprinkle into the open ends of the stumps ncisColichard Petrs o Aan Almost invariably the first move rec- climate lies in the fact that bugs and smoke will cause them to cluster con- _, .
spof horns twenty grains of calomel, and is Col. Riman chard Peters, of Atlanta, ommended to get rid of them, or as a worms abound for a longer period of pactly and become as meek as th,.ugh au] 1_1 1 DES I,.
cover immediately grand keep covered Gaenter a man of big brain, big heart, eri preventative, is to -whitewash the hen time. They are the natural food of birds they had been in their hives when the Eg a For Hatching From Leading Va-
with a pine tar plaster. The plaster enterprises and big results. His eperi- house, being very particular to get the and essential to their health and devel- smoking was performed, and certainly rieties of Domesticated Land
should have mixed with it one teaspoon- stams olive stock has been verfru choice lime into all te cracks and corners. opment. Again, the tender growing the change is not wrought by their fill- sand water Fowl
ul thymo resol to half pin tar. Phe- of live stock has been very fruit- There is no doubt lime will kill a louse vegetation is spread before fowls for a ing themselves with honey, as there is oa t 1. F .
nal sodique may answer instead of the tious breeders. When asked by^a repor ite if o can get ir f im, iand longer period of time. Chopped meats no opportunity for such a proceeding-. --- P. Chopped .
L wil kill a and vegetables w;, not 60 "'0 P -etely T e ,rea po t in subduing bees with d.-. .. ....
thymo cresol. If you cannot do any er what his advice would be to a young mosquito or a flea, but the trouble is, meet the tastes and qirem ts of a siPol-nk e i rtt thoroughly alran theA Za. ..
better, add to the half pint tar a table- man who was thinking of going nto the mo or u oublei, meet the taste and requirements of a e i to thoroughly alarm all the Manae, Fa.
spoonful turpentine, and half as much stock business, he said he thought it best there He keens his eye peeled as the
each powdered camphor and assafcetida. for a beginne tostart on low-gradestoc ther keeps his eye peeled, as the
In a case where horns are sawed off, the and build it up to a good standard, for saying is, and looks out for No. 1.
tar and th rm o cresol plaster at once ap- h, re= ult w , d e hl r i -V
tar and th.. cr. pult .up.. btto r a thandardsfort._ I have often questioned whether, in
Spliced is all that is necessary. Theputrid- rsutwol h i recommending the white as", people T H E O R IG IL
'matter causedby the worm hePuti ,-ed on costly thoroughbreds alone. realized the amount of labor they are -1LIE L IER P M S,
.matter o u sed o e e -s m I think, said he, that those who know laying Iout for the novice in the p ultr
nostrils and other parts, poison and kill il a
ousell all the animals I can spare will ac- woodwork all around and overhead i -
A Case of Poisoning, whenI say that one of the mostimpor- a oft na or h hli bZ "JO
Cattle ani sometimes horse. are killed tant things is to improve the breed -of thembad. And after all is done, what k .or BEWA E OF MITA TIONS
b ptin" ,e jthr. -Fa t r c- uacliack.- It cost- no more, in fact it. an unsightly spot the ben hIouae i- PELLETS
ry. cherry-laurel. peach and other trees costs much less, to ke.p a good cow or its glaring white, until we have a f
Sof this class, all of which contain y- og than a poorone. Forexample, take rains towashit off. 0 0 0 Always ask for Dr. Pierce's Pellets, or Little
drocyanic acid. Caution should be ob- a man who owns five or six scrub cows. want to p v simple
served in cutting and pruning these If he will buy a good Jersey bull Qf a ed and one t costs ittle m 0 Sugar-coated Granules or Pills.
trees, as cattle seem to have a morbid pre-pitent family, the heifers of his first or labor, and is a sure cure every time,
craving for the wilted leaves. DrI. cross fwill give him 5 per cent, more no matter bhow thick they are.' Get
Phares gives the symptoms of such pois- butter, on an average, and of a much from five to twenty-five cents' worth of BEING ENTIRELY VEGETABLE, Dr. Pierce's Pellets operate without disturbance to the system,
oning and the proper treatment. as fol- fner quality than their mothers gave. It ground tobacco, which nearly all dealers dlt, or occupation. Put up in glass vials, hermetically sealed. Always fresh and reliable. As a
Iows: is an axiom t 1 st the bull is half the herd, in fertilizers keep to sell, and sprinkle it LAXATI"E, ALTERATIVE, or PURGATIVE, these little Pellets give the most perfect satisfaction.
Poisoning by hydrocyanic acid, I bave seen grades "f the third cross around freely in the nest boxes on thesq.. of Mindn, a Co
causes difficult, somewhat noisy breath- that no one could tell, by looks or butter, roosts and on the-sides of the building, ,Ebraawtes: I was troubled wt bcl f .
ng, cold extremities, smallpulse, nausea from registered Jerseys. wherever the mites can find standing iIL thy years. Four year. go I was so actea with
gagging. by its action on the lrynx. It is hard to calculate how much good room. Also, after the hens have ne to UR h tha I d ot walkI bout two bottles
cankdogiins thepom-ir.p-. ,leasnt1-gavtroom. ando tenthe tens havtoo goket
etc. The treatment consists in pouring a fine vigorous Jersey bull can do ina u i n dhar L f or Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Purganve PeleM and tool
iced water in a stream on the head and country neighborhood. One mistake is rost, in and rub it into their feath Bilious Headache, Dizziness, on- t tetel after each meal. till all wee
S spine, while protecting other parts of frequently made that should be avoided. able to rub some of it into your own hair Atacks, and all erangem-nts of the bn troubled it sik headache. When I feel it coming o
body from the water, wrapping legs in A half-breed male should never be used and whiskers also, if you have a full stuoma:b and bow-ls. are promptly relieved I take one or two 'Pelets,' and am reueved of the headache."
bod maledo t a f aI 1purma rnently cured by the uers,. .o of Dr..
Shot flannels, artifici al respiration, di to bered ae. It is ha lfts hswarn of the pests, or there will not be Pier-as Pica ant Puranv 1elki. t E BEST yes. "our ar'.es a no u gWate Ponlets aie .
luted aromatic spirits applied to the the grade, but a half-breed will lead a much rest for the weary. lanation of the remedial power of tee | THE BEST trs- c..Your Plewasnt Puro ie Pelltoetls'a h .
mouth, solid carbonate of ammonia per- herd downward, no matter how fine the ,When you are t hen, ni -ellets over so great a variety of d.sieaes, without question the best cathartic ever
itentheld to the nostrils, electricity females may be. Where a Jersey is in- in thseing en, t it may truthfully be said that their action upon the system is AT TI Isold. They are also a most efficient remedy
siten telye in ie rs r ne ne sb and over theno eggs freely universal, not a kgland or tissue escaping tneir native inuen.t- : e. U. IIule for torpor of the liver. We have used them
If possible to give medicine internally, produced his sons should be killed for three or four tiniest during incubation to Sold by druggists, for 2 eaoa nial. Manufactured at the iem- I for years in our family, and keep them In
use chlorine water or diluted chloride beef or used for oxen, and his daughters rkeep them awan You will need no ical Laboratory of WORLD'a DISPENSARY MED[CAL AsSOCfATION, the house all the time.".
lime of soda, as Labarraque's solution; crossed to another pure-bred. Jersey. In other remedy for them. If you are not Buffalo, N. Y
or dissolve five grains sulphate of pro- one cross any man cin see such a differ- keeping your FLORiDA FARM AND-
toxide of. iron and thirty drops tincture ence thathe will thank me for my advice. FRIriT- ROWEp on fiule f or future refer-
chloride of iron in one ounce of water; In three crosses he will have a most val- ence cuthis out an! paste it on
then dissolve ten grains carbonate pot- able herd-as good butter makers al- yen, j house door. a

They will form new combinations in the his Acrub hogs to fine breed; will get in
stomach, and form with any hydrocy- one cross, a compacter and better hog
anic acid there the harmless Prussian that will fatten more readily and on less Economy in Good Breeds. I 7 ~
blueor bydrocyanide of iron. food than his scrub. Another thing will cu tio and p' 'i ( offered byther)
S- d. t follow. When a farmer improves his d Fand Fru'oo: l N-,
Six Ways to Treat a Balky Horse stock he will take better care of it, more is safe to say that every farm in the
The following different ways of treat- and flocks. The compost heap, the pas- do t-:ey look like? Little, dra wn-up, .
S ing balky horse are recommended: ture, the hay rick and corn field follow balf-tarved specimens, that have to
First.-Pat the horse on the neck, exi cattle and sheep and give us diversified stand twice in the same place to make a
amine him carefully, firsr. on one side, farming without trenching one bale on shadow. We speak of the average barn .
and then the other; if you can get him a the cotton crop, which of course; must yard fowl thatwe meet with in our trav-
handful of grass give it to him. Then and should remain our great crop. els through the country. Now. if it
jump into the wagon and give the word h pays a farmer to give bis attention and
*'go'. and be will generally obey. Mixing Feed for Stock, feed his grain to these common mon-

aminehi refully, ailrly boo nir for stock is better than any one kind, more than four or fve dozen eggs in ..
cle until he is giddy will genet h partlt for the reason that cone fost year, wlh wi m ree ithn doubal
i tm.o thi n n wia t ue w cont ains the full elements of nutrition in pay him to keep soe fi e i standard va-
balky horse is to place your hand over their right proportions. But with rumni- rletv. that will weigh at maturity eight
his nose and shut cil his wind until he ntntkgivingevarietyainyoteneughomTtey mi-ty.
Sae a con.Tkgul he ef nan h ts g ef that eoug hey o ten a laen FOR A CASEOF CATARRH WHICH THEY CAN NOT CURE.
ti ht enough for the horse to feel it; e te ful ne retasy oat Nie r t he sooner they are accepted by the Prt. W. HAUSNER the fmous meSMer
in a bhiw knot; at the first click he ill o t nsatm l o ri oi anparticularlyythose of the oMPT OF eATAR Ia UNTOLD AGONY of a "a, wr"s "Some tn
a ky o to pae ur nd o by feeding separately. It is commonly rot the better it will he for all con- u UIU t yaars ago I suffered utold agony from
s lr tgo dancing off. Aftrt gine a supposed that the inss is chiefly in the ce-ned. The renesn aten osay there is nio l A. Chronic nasal catarrh. My faniy phyai-
ng topgre t inury to te gndettwhi is toohdastily and aree onye i the pouloty business isbecaue Du hev ha e ob f th n ss d RM C R a me u nurl a
S following Takep the tail of the horse be- t bl ere fs age oah e bin t len paia- Discard your common stock and give purulent, bloody and putrid, the eyes are weak, watery, an ingand earingof my throat woud almost trangleme. Byhe
h tbid b dte fore, e upiad be rmsicg heated. Neither stme good, pure breed a place in the named; there is r in the e defn bogor use of t n thre mo ne-
teentheihite nudlegirhSa bt-se iya c Ittile relish does not take with it enough yard. Then give them the attention gether wit scab from ules; te e Is change and h. man, and the cure has been permanent."
edy I know is is follows: Tieastring a s ua o make sue o is horoug i- they deerve-such as you would bestow a nasal twang; the breath is offensive; smell and taste are im- -noa J. Runo. ., OOd Pine Street,
S around thae horse's ear, close to the gea n whatever is tten a tu ggd on your thhrouebbred hoes or cos- paired; there is asensation of dizziness, with mental depression. M t. m e ia si-
this will divert his attention and start re sofcarcelyan practical it or- and see i ey 0 not pay you a theter habove-named asptoms are lieiy to be present any one AND times I could hardly breathe, an S con-
him-National Stockman any p o per cent. on the money invested than case. Thousands o caes annually, without manifesting half of s tantld hawking and spitting. and for the
Sm eona stitockpnan. t ance to any except human beings, hy other stock ou have on the farm. tthe above sptoms, result in consumption, and month th a er a, t r ssht, monti could not breathe throu
'Dned h wrave. ayyt oneNo disease is so common, more deceptive a-d dangerous, odTrely. the nostrils. I thought nothing couldgbe
It has been claimed for years that rats hrumb anima ls never eat u nless haeih a a Then your wife ant daughters can suc- understood o r more unsuccessfully treated by physicians, n--e done for me. Luckily, 1 wa advised to try
first introduced the terri-le trichina? in hungry, angeo cesfully manage them, as the labor is By its mild, soothing, and healing properties. Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy, and I am now a well man. I be-
motrawint iad e thenif fth ors a bl sfor tead of dain ea to light and the exercise he althfule Linhe w ._- --_ eve iu t to be the onty sure remedy for catarrh now manufac-
s twie, and tihnen teshroughifres pk andrd t the Palates-American Agwiut- Jg yr FLEgi CHER HeaRLEnto. DR. w SAiE'S ATARHR -oEMEDY tu nedsa nd one ha s only to giveatfair'.trial to experience .
in the Popular Science News, supports *. GaNADA, Miss. o s OBs wEH E oAsEs o.
this theory with personal observations, Good care of horses, including liberal w* a5.asa "an. i thie bha..ip Ont ai e smantarh ilahe I T ln TTIE Pa. says: Mydaughte haa catar when
and cites a number of cases showing food rations, iss a duty that by faithful Milk, either fresh or sour, buttermilk, atar i, there a ien aw ofl Uizea, Uaiaiiteiio nmdrti.r | UizLt she was flve year-aotd, very bady.t I saw
that dead rats, mice and cats should be observation lops off innumerable risks of slimmed milk, mixed with meal, or in I R A eA uRR| Dr. ea 'n Caharro n emedy adverti sed, and son
kept away from hoge. It is a crime to los. r any other form, is .just the thing for O.D BY D UGc iSTS EVER YWHERE. CuREI Crl U iR. D.|gs theater r Rmd arothin sdg, -ad
throw a dead rat to the hogs. with such fowls. It will pay better to give waste a permanent cure. She Is now eighteen years old and sound
facts in mind. o Litter your stables and sheds freely milk to fowls than to hogs. b rik n. O Oasust .e-.. and hearty."




.A Flowering Plant Recommended by
Vick for Everybody-A Grain Elevator
Useful for Hoisting Various Products
with Sinall Labor and Expense.
Progressive farmers are learning the
-wisdom of letting the brain lead the hand;
in a word, they find there are some forces
.greater than brute force, and that it does
not pay to make three motions where one
will answer. To save every useless ex-
penditure of niuscular strength, aswell a6
-every minute of time, these men investi-
gate each labor saving device as it appears,
.and especially when it proves simple and


Exceedingly tiresome work in the busy
-days of threshing is that of hoisting grain
in the granary, and help in this direction
is -therefore welcome. The first figure
here given represents an elevator which a
Rural New Yorker correspondent claims
Is simple to construct and effective in its
-operations. The diagram is explained as
follows: AAA, 8x4 inch scantling; BBBB,
lx6 or & inch; cc, small wooden friction
wheels to run against the side of building;
D, inch flooring; E, screw hook; rF, sills,
2x4 or 6 inches.

The second sketch show-s the elevator in
operation. -The loaded wagon h-b 'a.n
backed up to: the levat,:,r, which reid
on aplati-,rm level with the wagon. The
bags are placed on the elevator and the
horse insttiudy raia-s it, tW the _:xi,,ihn do Er,
where men receive them and enmpty them
into the bins. One hundreds bituhL; (an
be quickly uninladed by this device, and
without any straining or unn-ec-sstry lift.
ing. This elevator may be n)..de with
saw, hammer and nails, or it may be mor-
tised tgevt.vr. :-

S A'-ilaut for. Everybody.
The ITeesif, a buib',us plant, i >one that,
acc,:.r'linJz t-. the iell kL--wn fvdrLst, Vick,
-il L'i,':,:o, n any r-- ri.:aw with th. i -a't
: care, and is therefore -a plant for every-
body. The flowers are pure -xhite. with
the exception of an orange y ;-louw pt at
the base ,"f each of the lower divisions.
These-are very graceful in form, and w-ith
a rich and -arundanrt fiaae. The cut
represents the flowers at abol.ut half siz.e,
the bulb at the left being about natuwa-



By potting the bulbs about the middle
of September they can be brought into
bloom for the Christmas holidays. A con-
tinuous supply of the flowers can be kept
up through the winter by pot tiug a few
at intervals of two weeks all through the
The bulbs increase more than double
every year. During the resting stage
there is no better way to keep them than
to leave them in the pots where they have
bloomed, keeping them quite dry, for if
they are moistened they will commence
to grow.
-The following directions are given in
Wick's Magazine: A soil composed of
loam, leaftmold and well decayed manure
--and a little sand, such as is commonly
used in potting, is suitable; half a dozen
bulbs can be set ill a four inch pot, flUing
the soil about' them to their tips, or just
: to cover them. Give water and set thea
In a coolplace in the greenhouse, conserva-
torybor window. They do not need much
hea,- a temperature of 55 degrees being
: -plenty. They should be near the glass,

and not be kept too close, but having air
given frequently in favorable weather.
About ten degrees more of heat can be
allowed -as the blossoming season ap-
A Foot Disease in the Horse.
In the disease called laminitis, a foot
founder in the horse, Professor E. A.
A. Grange of the Agricultural college of
Michigan, in a bulletin on the subject,
compares the pain endured by the animal
to that of an Individual from the tooth-
ache, both arising from the same cause.
In toothache we have a highly sensitive
structure called the pulp enclosed ip an
unyielding case of bone, the root or fang.
Now when from any cause swelling occurs
from inflammation of the pulp, the nerve
is pressed upon, but being imprisoned
in the fang it can gain no more room for
relief by expansion than it has in its nor-
mal condition of health. In the case of
the horse the seat of the disease is in the
delicate and highly sensitive little plates
called laminate surrounding the inside of
the hoof, which being also an unyielding
substance,, it necessarily follows that
when these sensitive little plates become
inflamed and swollen within the unyield-
ing hoof intense pain to the animal is the
result. The disease is commonly found
in the forefeet only, and when both are
affected, as they usually are, the animal
when standing will be generally found
with its back arched and hind feet drawn
forward toward the center of the body,
causing many to think it is strained
across the loins. The animal thus af-
fected, when required-to move, does so in
an unwilling, stumbling way. The pulse
has a full, throbbing feeling and is some-
what quickened and can 'be felt
on the outside of the leg, near the'fetlock,
and the breathing is accelerated. The
principal causes ofthe disease are immod-
erate drinking of cold water when the an-
imal is overheated; overfeeding of grain,
especially of corn, and overdriving on a
hard road.
In cases where the disease is caused by
spontaneous diarrhea or excessive use of
-purgative medicines, as it is sometimes,
the professor found benefit from the use
of tincture of aconite in doses of ten to
fifteen drops in a little water, every two
hours unti-oMr or five doses have been
taken, to be followed by two dXrachm doses
of nitrate of potash dissolved in half a
' pint of water and given once in four hours
for from two to four days as may be re-
quired. On the other hand, if the disease
arises from a surfeit of grain, the bowels
should be unloaded by laxatives, say
twenty-five fluid' ounces of raw linseed
oil, and no solid -food for twenty-four
hours afterward.- When laxatives have
done acting, nitrate of potash may follow
as before. Where it is the result of over-
driving on hot days, great benefit has been.
found from nitrate of p,:,rah. Local
treatment is of great inip,-.rrance, and
consists in the- application of water to the
feet in a m-bn8.-neofl-:'ouvenli
Standing iu water or inu a puddle of blue
clay and '. vter are stated as having been
ucLfau'.- E_,:-<":iv eh,:,iLId bLe eeu from
the first, from ten mnnutesto half an hour
at Ra time
Hedges In a New Position.
The itroduct-imn of barb wire fences
has placed the business of planting hedges
in a new p-:.ition. It has rendered these
Jeq rne:-essary, and at the same time mnore
e.'l y c-E'tructed and made niore pcer-
fect. It was formerly nece-ssary to select
some low-. thick ,rowing tree or shrub,
wl11 armedl vrith t.,,rrn to make them ef-
fectual airo-r, ani'l for a time- the i.ost
commonly plant-id kmds ntc e the, osage
orange and the. hon:-yh- lcust. The osage
orange was too teun-h'r i many of the
northern states, andtI the honey locust,
while hardy, is straggling in growth, and
requires- continual cutting back to
thicken it. -
Now, with the use of barb wires, it .is
not n-ce.ssary to select thorny plants. One
of the best i; the buckuorn, which former-
ly wa-ac not stout enough ftor a trustworthy
barrier aLainst cattle.

__ .- ~ -"I
It is perf(ect]y hardy, thick and hedge-
like in growth, easily raised from seed,
transplanted with facility, and, having an
offensive taote, is not browsed by cattle.
It is made intoa strong barrier by stretch-
ing a barb oire along the top of the line
of plants when they arc a foot c- two
high, and when they have grow up aind
inclrsed the vi're. by stretching.- another
a foot or more ab.-.e the first. If neces-
sary, a third wire may ihe used still higher;
and as the o dge ineloses these wires they
are more securely held in thyir place than
could be dona by us-ing a line of stakes,
the temporary stakes having performed
their service. For durability, the wire
should, be galvanized, not painted.
The privet would make an excellent
hedge treated in this way were it not for
the fact that it is occasionally winter
killed in patches. The barberry is an-
other plant which may be employed, and
the seed if properly treated will grow as
freely as apple seed.
The illustration shows how a line of
young Norway sprucesare treated. They
are represented about two feet in height,
the first or lowest wire being already in-
closed by them and the second one placed
just above the tips. The third one will
be reached in a year or two more. The
hedge will need cutting back afterward to
keep it within bounds-not sheared like a
wall, but cut-with a knife to give it a
more uneven and natural surface.-Coun-
try Gentleman.
Feeding for Mlkiing Tests.
High priced cows that are fed for milk-
ing tests are induced to eat and drink all
they will of sound, wholesome food and
clean, pure water. Silage and roots are
largely fed as supplemental food, the idea
being that these keep the animal's system
in good, healthy condition. Sliced car-
rots form one of the favorite foods for
milch cows. In addition to rations of
roots are given generous quantities of
clover, hay and grain.



Author of "Great Porter Square,"
Bright Star of Life," Etc.



She related to Dr. Daincourt a circum-
stance which had deeply angered her hus-
band. Among the presents the father had
given to his daughter was a very costly
one, a diamond, bracelet of great value,
,for which Mr. Rutland had paid no less
than 500 gaineas. One evening a dinner
party was given, at the house, and Mr.
Rutland particularly desired that Mabel
should look her best on the occasion. He
said as much to his daughter, and ex-
pressed a desire that she should wear cer-
tain articles of jewelry, and most especial-
ly her diamond bracelet. He noticed at
the dinner table that this bracelet was not
upon Mabel's arm; he made no remark
before his guests, but when they had de-
parted he asked Mabel why she had not
worn it.
"I have so many other things, papa,"
she replied, "that you have given me. It
was not necessary." .
S"But," said her father, "I desired you
particularly to wear the bracelet. Is it
broken? If so, it can be easily repaired.
Let me see it."
Then the mother saw trouble in her
daughter's face. Mabel endeavored to
evade her father's request, and strove to
turn the conversation into another chan-
nel. But he insisted so determinedly upon
seeing the bracelet that she was at length
compelled to confess that it was not in her
possession. Upon this Mr. Rutland ques-
tioned her more closely, but he could ob-
tain from her no satisfactory information
as to what had become of it.- Suddenly
he inquired if her purse'was in her room.
She answered yes, and he desired her to
bring it. down to him. She obeyed; and
when he opened the purse he found only
three or four shillings in it.
"Is this all you have?" he inquired.
"Yes, papa," she said, "this is all.""
"But it was only yesterday," said Mr.
Rutland, "that you asked me for 20,
and I gave it to you. What have you
done with the money?" *
Upon this point, also, he could obtain
no satisfactory information. He was
greatly angered.
"I thought," he said, "when Mr. Lay-
ton -married into the family of a profes-
sional sharr-rl dt counectIon f'oir lirnh -
that the conuspiracy in my house ;t:ainst
my peace of mind, and, it semsnj to me,
-againt my hrnt''-Bsi-.-ru,.'----- ---'-
It was not so. I perceive that I am re-
'"r.l]e,- hbere: a~ ai ".*i-1- r ,7 uy.- u.-,- .fam-
iy, not as a niiu who hat endeavo:red all
through life to perform his duties in an
honorable and straightforward way. Go
t.: yow'ur room and let me see the linamond
bracelet before thr.s 'on,,h i.3 ,-nded or let
me know what jyi have donr- with it. If
you have lost it," he added, gazing sternly
upon his daughter, "'find it." "
Before :the month was ended Mabel
sh.:.rc'l him the l;arn,ould bracelet; but
heir either iWa aware that there were
other art]i:i- nisiig from among her
riciuurhter Ss ;ew'tv.:'[y.
Mr'. l'ti:-ii,'l lhavinzr-onie to the end of
her uirlati''?, Dr. Daiiicourt began.to
question her. .
"Your daughter," he said, "was taken
ill ni Marchi 26,and I utdertandr that
?he has L1cPi, confined to her bed since that
day. Wpre there nny premonitory symp-
torms of a ietiioiS; illiess, or was the seiz-
turt- .a sLiiledii onie'"
"It was quite sudden," replied Mrs.
R u land. ."I went into her room early in
the morning aind found her in ra h;igh state
of fever.'
"Has she been sensible at all since that
:"No." : .. '.:. + : .
"Not. sufficiently sensible to recognize
any one who attended her?" -
-"No; she does not even know me, her
own mother."
"What did the physician whom you first
e.ileid ii ncay about the case'"
"He said that sclh had brain fever,and
that it adt ijl oeen accelerated by her-having
eaiuht a vhilent cold through wearing
damp clothing,."
"Do you thjuk she wore that clothing in
the Lonse..'
(Dr. Daincourt has certain ways and
me-thodls of his own. He is in the habit of
keeping m his pocketbook a tablet of the
weather fromday to Clay.)
"If your daughter did not wear damp
clothes in ith7 house," he said, "she must
harve worn them out. cf the house."
He took his pocket book from his pocket
and consulted his weather tablet.
"I see," he said to Mrs. Rutland, "that
from the 12th to the 2.5th of March there
wts no rain. The weather was mild and
unusually warm during those days, but
on the covering of the 25th of March it be-
gan to rain, and rained during the night.
Your daughter must have been out during
those hours in" the bad weather. What
were her movements on that. evening?
Remember, you must keep nothing from
me if you wish me to do my best to re-
store your child to health."
Still, it was with some difficulty that
he extracted from Mrs. Rutland the infor-
mation that he desired to obtain. Obtain
it, however, he did. Mrs. Rutland In-
formed him that. Mabel had gone out on
the evening of the 25th of March, and did
not return home until nearly 1 o'clock in
the morning. Mr. Rutland was not aware
of this. Mrs. Rutiand had stopped up for
her daughter, and had let her in qmetly
and secretly. The young girl was pale
and greatly agitated, but. she said nothing
to her mother. She kissed her hurriedly,
went to her bedroom, and was found the
nest morning in the condition Mrs. Rut-
land had described. ".
"Being in a fever from that day," said
Dr. D incourt to the mother, "your daugh-
ter hi. seen no newspapers?"


"And she is ignorant of the peril
through which her former lover, Edward
Layton, has passed, and in which he still
"She is ignorant of it," said Mrs. Rut-
"Have any letters arrived for her dur-
ing her illness?"
"'Yes, two. One in the handwriting of
Mr. Layton, the other from my dear boy
"Have you those letters?"
"Have you opened them?"
"No. My daughter made me give her
a solemn promise that I would never open
one of her letters, and I have not done
"But," said Dr. Daincourt, "this is a
matter of life and death. I must ask you
to give me those letters, and I will take
upon myself the responsibility of opening
them. I must ask you for something
more.- Your daughter has a desk?"
f"The key of which is in her room?"
.'Bring down the desk and the key.
Ask me no questions concerning my mo-
tives. I am in hopes that I shall be able
to discover the true cause of your daugh-
ter's illness, and that will enable me to
-adopt toward her the only treat-
ment by which it is possible she can re-
Mrs. Rutland-brought down the desk
and the key. In the mother's presence
Dr. Daincourt opened the desk. There
were in it no letters from Edward Layton,
but it contained two of what Mrs. Rut-
land called the mystery letters which
Eustace was in the habit of writing to his
sister. These letters were in their en-
velopes, the post marks upon which indi-
cated their order of delivery.
. Dr. Daincourt could make nothing of
them, and Mrs. Rutland could not assist
him. They were written upon small single
sheets of note paper, and appeared to be a
perfect jumble of incomprehensible words.
Around the margin of these words were a
number' of fiLuires rand alphabetical letters
as niao:niprehensible as themselves.
Searching further in the desk, he made a
startling discovery-three playing cards,
each of them being the nine of hearts. He
asked Mrs. Rutland-who appeared to be
almost as startled as he was himself by
ithe discovery-whether she could give
him any explanation of the cards, and she
said that she could not. Then Dr. Daim-
court said that he would take the
playing cards and the letters away with
"At the same time," he observed to
Mrs. Rutland, "if it is any consolation to
you, I undertake your daughter's case and
will do the best for her that lies within
my skill and power."
He then went to see Miss Rutland in
he : bed, wrote out a prescription, gave
ertain instructions an then left the
.- (.. ._---,:u," said'Dr. Dhin-
curt toU me, "with these letters and the
phftfylf-cards; I will leave them with
yriu. You said that the nine of hearts
was a tanaeible link in the chain of Ed-
ward Layto:-n's Lnnocc-nce. Is it rnot most
mysterious and strange that three of these
identical cards shLoidd be found in Aliss
Rutland's deak and that one should be
found in the pocket of Edward Layton's
ulster which he wore on the gth of
March? Does not this circumstance,
in bonniection with what you now know
.of Mabel Rutland's movements on that
night, go far to prove ihat the lidy whbom
Edward Layton mnct in Bloorislniury squatie
was none'other than his old sweetheart ?
Heaven knows what conclusions are to be
drawn from the coincidence. I will make
inocominents; indeed, I almost tremble to
think of the matter. Your legal mind will
perhaps enable yQi to deduce something
from Enstace's letter to his sister which
may be of service to you and Edward
Layton. To mre they are simply incom-
prehensible. Before I visit Miss Rutland
to-morrow I will call on you. You may
have something to say to me. I sincerely
trust I shall nMt be the means of bringing
fresh trouble upon her and hers."""
With that he wished me goc d night, and
I was le:-ft alone.
I set myself sedulously to the task of
discoveraing the key to these mysterious
letters. .
Dr. Daincou't had not opened the two
sealed lett-rs uhicli had arrived d(luring
Miss Rutland's illnEss, and I did not im-
mediately do .o.
I felt a delicacy with respect to Edward
Layton's letter to the young ladywhich
he had givin me in prison to post for
Iput them aside, and selecting the first
of, the two letters from Eustace Rut-
land which had been found in Mabel's
de-sk ijudging from the postmarks on
their envelopes which of the. two
she tail first received, for they bore
no "datei, I devoted myself to a study of
.This is au exact copy of the singular
communication, the size of the paper and
the arrangement of the words, and of the
figures and alphabetical letters, being
faithfully followed:

I" 20 X

" face

<9. .' m


o :' ,lrath


, 0 14 H .

birds the

stares c

runs back got I

ydur hundred senu

the money won are

river diamond gayly me-

on- bracelet four singing

airn.irly cherry the the



, .i a -'N :- in a' A a,"
It appeared tome that the first thing I
had to consider Was the relation, If any,
that the alphabetical letters and figures
bore to the words to which they formed a
frame. I did not lose sight of the sug-
gestion which immediately arose that this

frame work of figures End alphabetical
letters might be placed there as a blind,
although the evident care and pains which
had been bestowed upon them was opposed,
to the suggestion. But then, again, -the
care thus exercised might be intended to
more deeply mystify any strange person
into whose hands the missive might fall.
In order inot to deface or mutilate the
original, I made two exact copies of it for
my own purposes, using as a. kind of
ruler one of the playing cards which Dr.
Daincourt had also found in Mabel Rut-
land's desk.
There were two words in the missive
which soon attrfs.-t .' me. These were the
third word, ,.1ia.niod'l," in the fifth line,
and the second word, "i.rar,-lt," in the
sixth line. "Diamond bracelet." I did
not doubt that this was the diamond
bracelet which Mr. Rutland had presented
to his daughter, and which she could not
wear at the dinner party because it was
not at that time in her possession. Here,
then, was a clew, but here I stopped. No
ingenuity that I could bring to bear en-
abled me to connect other words with
"diamond bracelet." I cudgelled my
brains for at least half an hour. Then all
at once it occurred to me (what in the ex-
citement of my pursuit I may very well
be excused for not having thought of be-
fore) that the playing card, .the nine of
hearts, must bear some relation to the
missive. I placed it upon the paper.
Every word was hidden by the surface- of
the card; only-the figures and the alpha-
betical letters were visible. "'Doubtless,"
thought I, "if I cet out the pips of a nine
of hearts, and place it upon the paper, I
shall see certain words which will form
the subject matter upon which Eustace
Rutland wrote to his sister." In that
case the mystery was confined to nine
words, which, whatever their arrange-
ment, would not be too difficult' to intel-
ligibly arrange. I would.not mutilate
Miss Rutland's playing cards. I had
packs of my own in the house,.and from
these I selected the nine of hearts and cut
out the pips. It was not an easy matter,
and in my eagerness I pretty effectually
destroyed the surface of my table; but.
that. did not troulIle me. -My interest was
now rhor'outhly aroused, and grew keener
when, placing the nine of hearts upon
Eustace Rutland's mystery letter, I found
these words disclosed:
SHere, then, in these nine words, was the
communication which Eustace Rutland
intended his sister to understand. I cop-
ied them on a -eparate theit of paper and
arranged them in different ways until I
arrived at their correct solution:
"Death ?ttr-s me in the face, send
mcney irwtanlly."
Congratulating myself upon my clever-
nets, I came to the conclusion that Eustace
Rutland, being banished from his father's
house r nrd not -being able ru obtain from
his father the funds necessary for his dis-
reputable Career, ,as taking advantage of
his Fister's il,-wted affe'4i,)n for hn t nr-'and-
was in the barnt of caibng upon ner t.o
supply him with money, whi':h, no doubt,
the young lady did to the best of her abil-
ity. Curiosity led me to the task of en-
deavoring to discover whether the alpha-
betical leLters and the figures in the frame-
work bore any relation to this communi-
cation. With only the nine .words ex-
posed through the pips of the nine of
hebr'ts which I had cut away, I saw that
the first word, "death," was the sixth,
and the second word, "stares," was the
Eel:oiil, and the thiril word, "'me," waa the
seV'lith. The ~sequence of the figures,
thjer,:ffre, was 0, 2, 7. NoMw, how were
these three fig-ires arranged in the framiea-
wirk.' The figure 6 came after the letter
M, the flurte 2 came after the letter X,
the luiire 7 came after the letter H. Sat-
Isfied that I had found the key, I l-e6an to
study how these figures from 1 to 9, rep-
resenting the nine words in the com-
munmcation and the nine of hearts in the
playing card, were arranged in the frame-
work in such a manner as to lead an in-
formerd person at once to the solution.
There nmujst be a starting point with which
both Eu'.tace and his sister Mabel were
acquainted. What, was this starting
point.' One of the letters of the alphabet.
What letter?' A. Starting, then, from A
in the framework, I found that tl'e figures
from 1 to 9 ran thus: 6, 2, 7, 3, 9, 1, 4,
5, 8.. lp'.Tp:n following, in this order, the
course of the words which were exposed
by the play-ing card with the niine pips cut
out, I cameni to the conclusion that I had
correctly interpreted this first mystery
letter. I was very pleased, believing that
the key I liad .1 is covered would lead me to
a co:.rret readinm of Eustace's second and
third l hitter to lis si.ter.
So absorbed had I been In ,the unravel-
ing of this mystery letter, which occupied
me a good hour and a half, that I had lost
sight durinfig the whole of that time of the
two words n-liich had at first enchained
my attention "diamanond bracelet."
"Death stares me in the face, send money
instantly," had appeared io me so reason-
able a construction to be placed upon the
commuinicatlou of a man who must often
have been in a desperate strait for want of
funds, that the thought did not obtrude
itself that these words might, be merely a
blind, and that, in the words that re-
mained after the obliteration of this sen-
tence, the correct solution was to be found.
The longer I considered, the stronger be-
came my .doubts; with "dlamon* brace-
let" staring me in the face, I i that I
had been following a Will-o'-flt'wisp.
I had asked Dr. Daincourt lt6 date of
the dinner party at which 1WMr. Rutland
had detected the absence of the diamond
bracelet on his daughter's arm. That
date was the 8th of September. I exam-
ined the postmark on the envelope of Ens-
tace Rutland's first communicatIon; it
, was the 21t.h of September. Mr. Rutland
had laid upon his daughter the injunction
that the diamond bracelet was to be
shown to him before the end of the month.
What month? Sentember. She had pro-
duced It In time, and her brother's mis-
sive murst have conveyed to her some in-
formation respecting the missing article
of jewelry. The elatiea of spirits in which
I had indulged took a flight; I had not dis-
covered the clew.
I set myself again to work. I felt now
as a man feels who is hunting out a great
mystery or a great criminal, and upon the
success of whose endeavor his own safety
depends. It seemed .to me aq if it were

not so much Edwatd Layton's case as my
own in which I was'engaged. Never in
the course of my career hafe I been sqiln-
terested. I determined to set aside the
words, "Death stares me in the face, send
money instantly," and to search, in the
wprds that remained, for the'true mean-
ingof Eustace Rutland's first communi-
cation. I copied them in the orler In
which they were arranged, and-they ran
as follows: .,







X 2 0 14 H 7 E 3

birds the

In runs back got

C _.

I ..

". .. k--.>* *
your hundred -

trees the- won' are .

river diamond gayly "- 14

-on bracelet four singing
on bracelet four singing -C:

cherry the


-a 9 C i 91 a 3i A -F "
I counted the number of words; there
were twenty-twro. Now, was the true
reading of the communication contained
in the whole of these twenty-two words,
or in only a portion of them, aud if in only
a port,:ion, in what portion? In how many
words: There lay the difficulty. The
words "diamond bracelet" gave me a dis-
tinct satisfaction, but There were other
words which I could not by any exercise
of ingenuity connect them with, such as
"birds" -"-trees"-" river"-"-gayly'"-
"cherry"-"singing." Undoubtedly the
communication was a serious one, and
these words seemed to be inimical to all
il-eas of seriousness. How t, select. What
to select. How to arrange the mystery?
What n-1as the notarionr Ah, the notation hl
I had discovered the notation of the sen-
ten,:.e I had set aside for the time. What
if the same notation would lead me to the
clew I was in search of.' The arrange-
ment of the figures from 1 to 9 was arbi-
trated by the first letter in the alphabet,
A. I woui.l try whether that arrangement
would afford any satisfaction in the
twenty-zwo words that. remained. It
would be an affectation of vaulnity on my
part if I say that this idea occurred to me
instantly. It did not do so. It was only
after long and concentrated attention and
consideration that it came to me, and
then I s-t it immediately into practical
operation. The first figure in the sen-
tence I had dlJ;_icovered was 6. I counted
six in the present arrangement of the
words. It ended with the word "got."
Crossin- out the word "got" and placing
.JLunnc.as-,oarate sheet of pater I pro-

tCdLd. The setOnd it5we iii tic :.cLiteuce

T .11i-i jc 116iii -SAC V j if c Of ,'ALiem'
I had discarded was 2. I counted two on
from the word "got" and arrived at
"your." I crossed out. this word "your"
and proceeded. 'The third figure in the
sentence I had discarded was 7. 1 counted
seven words on from "your" and came to
diamondd I treated this word in a sim-
ilar way to the last two and continued the
pro,..ess. "'Got your diamond." Nor. for
bracelett." The next figure was 3. I
counted three words from "diamond" and
came to "bracelet."
I was more excited than I can describe.
There is scarcely anything in the world
that fills a man with such exultation as
success, and I was on the track of suc-
cess: "Got your diamond bracelet." The
following tl-2ure was 9. I counted on nine
and cane to the word "hack." "GoL your
diamond bracelet back." I continued.
The net figure was 1. This was repre-
sented by the word "I." The next figure
was 4, represented by the word "won."
The next fi_-ure was 5, represented by the
word "four." The next figure was S, rep-
resented by the word "hundred." I con-
tinued the same process and came back to
the figure 6, represented by the word
"on." The next figure was 2, repre-
sented by the word "cherry."
I stopped here for a reason and I read
the words I had crossed out and written
on a separate sheet of paper. They ran
"Got your diamond bracelet back. I
won 400 on Cherry."
It was not without a distinct reason,
that I paused here. Mixing with the
world and moving in all shades and classes'
of society, I must confess-as I have no
doubt other men would confess if they
were thoroughly ingenuous-to certain
weaknesses, one of which is to put a sov-
ereign or two (seldom more) upon every
classic horse race, and upon every im-
portant handicap during the year. I-
nearly always lose-and serve me right.
But it, happened, strangely enough, that In
this very month of September, during
which Eustace Rutland sent his mysteri-
ous conimnunication to his sister Mabel,
one of the most celebrated handicaps of
the year was won by'a horse named
Cherry, and that I had two sovereigns on
that very horse. It started at lohg0odds.
I remembered that the bet. I made was
two sovereigns to a hundred, and that-. I
had won what is often called a century
upon -the race. I was convinced that I
had come to the legitimate end of Eustace
Rutland's letter: "Got your diamond
bracelet back. I won 400 on Cherry."
This young reprobate, then, was in-
dulging in horse racing. His sister Mabel
had written to him an account of thb
scene between herself and her father at
the dinner party. She had given him her
diamond bracelet to extricate him from
some scrape, and he had been luckily ena-
bled, by his investment on the horse
Cherry, to redeem it-most likely from
the pawnbroker-In time for his sister to
exhibit it to her father. So as to be cer-
tain that I had got the proper clew, and
had arrived at the gist of Eustace's com-
munication, I wrote down the words that
remained, which were:
"Birds the-the-in--are-the-- trees
A rule for planting all kinds of gar-
den vegetable seeds is to cover them
with earth of a thickness four times'the
diameter of the seeds.




I i



S State News in Brief.
-One Orlando contractor has built
twenty-one cottages in nine weeks.
-Mr. H. H. Deane, of Sanford, exhib-
its a radish fifteen inches long and of a
large size.
S-Orlando has five large brick build-
ings in process of erection that will cost
when completed about $60,000.
-A gentleman near the Hernando
line shipped North one car-load of water-
melons from which he realized $420 net.
-Marion county has one hundred and
nine schools and pays teachers to the
amount of $28,000 per annum for ser-
-W. H. Miller and M. Somers, of
Seneca, are going into the grape culture
extensively. Mr. Miller will put out
3,400 vines of different varieties.
-More than 8,800 children attended
the public schools of Madison county dur-
ing the last scholastic year. Four years
since there were but 1,500.
-Mr. Thomas Caruthers, of Oxford,
Sumter county, has harvested over 6,000
bundles of oats from sixteen acres of
land-enough to last him two years.
-A shipper of six crates of cabbages
from.Ocala, only received $2.44 last
Saturday, but the goods brought $1.25
per- crate. The balance went to the
-Mr. Jamison, who lives near Palat-
ka, dug up a cassava root on his place a
few days ago that measured nine feet in
length and seven inches in diameter.
-Two years ago Mr. James M. Earn-
est, of Tallahassee, grafted an apple on
Sto a LeConte pear" stock, and now he is
picking fine, red ripe apples off of the
-W. M. Daughtry, of Rocky Point,
iear GairLesville, picked a few days since
from. sixteen rows of tomatoes a little
over one hundred and ten bushels at one
-The Board of Trustees of the East
Florida Seminary of Gainesville, have
re-elected W. W. Hampton, Esq., to
Sthe presidency of the board. They have
also re-elected Captain Curtis comman-
dant of cadets.
-The pomologi'al fact itself fre-
quently refutes the assertion that apples
will not grow in Florida, for they ma-
ture fully in the highlands of Middle
Florida, where the "June apple" ripens
in May. Hon. Matthew G. Floyd. of the
Legislature, 'exhibits fine specimens rais-
ed on his place in Gadsden county, fra-
Sgrant, sweet and of good size.
--There is now in Tallahassee a gentle-
'man who wishes to purchase 50,000 acres
divided equally between Madison, Jeffer-
son, Leon and Gadsden. He represents
% A J Ci ,1-1 ^ -l a,)l f WI-,,Z r

are'.said to have means- enough at their
command to make desirable settlers.
SHe wants preemption of this number of
acres at a fair valuation until May 1st
-The Boa rJ of Health of Hillsborough
-have. established, quarantine camps on
Ballast Point, where-all passengers from
Key West, Havana or other infected
ports will be held .foir fifteen days. The
Plant Investment Company furnishes
the tents, cots, etc., and will establish
telephone connection with the- station
and Tampa. Should a case of fever
Break out a physician will go there and
remain until all is well again.
-Mr. P.- 0. Sneller, of Levy county,
planted an- early crop of corn that was
badly nipped by the frost. Thinking it
all killed he planted again in the middle
of the rows. From the first planting,
more of which recovered from the frost
than was expected, Mr. Sneller has been
feasting on roasting ears for several
- weeks, and the last crop planted will
make a full crop, coming in at the usual
time. He is making two crops of corn
on Florida sand in one ,season.
-Last Wednesday evening our friend,
Mr. S.P. Buie, brought into town some
white blackberries. The fruit resembles
a blackberry, except that it is not black,
but of a beautiful light golden color,
with the slighest trace of pink on the
tips. The flavor is exquisite, something
Between a raspberry and a strawberry,
-with sweetness .and acidity. pleasantly
Sprop6rtioned. Mr. Buie found them on
a bush on his farm west of Lake- City.
We have never-heard of anything like it
before.-Lake City Reporter.
ItWis a fact. but little known however,
. that the buzzard has a remarkable in-
stinct which puts many a morsel-into its
mouth which otherwise would be un-
come.at-able to him. Recently several
alligators were killed and left in, apond
not far from town. Several days after-
wards one of the party who did the
shooting passed.1he place and was sur-
prised to see a buzzard perched on the
cariass of one of them, its wings spread
and by theaid of a friendly breeze towing
it safely and surely to shore.-Madison
-F. ur years ago, with the exception
of one or two nuen, no one grew either
the Peen-to or Honey peach. Nowthey
can be found on almost any man's place,
and they are plentiful on our streets.
Not longer than three years ago it was
generally thought that peaches would
not do well here. but experience has
proved otherwise, and so it will be with
numbers of other fruits. We have a
State adapted to the cultivation of more
fruits, all things considered, than any
State, and each succeeding year more
fully demonstrates this fact.-Sumter
County Times.
-Mr. A. Wilson, of Bartow, has been
down to the Indian settlement in the ex-
treme southern part of theState, sent by
the Government io confer with the In-
dians in regard to locating them on
homesteads. He says they manifest
some indecision on the subject, but he
thinks he will eventually succeed in lo-
cating them. They want time to con-
sider the matter and ask him to return
inm "two moons," when they would have

their green corn dance, and all of them
would be there. They are illy clad and
live filthy; have not a foot of land they
can call their own.
-Mr. John Blake, who has been en-
gaged in raking over the ruins of the
St. Augustine fire for several weeks, has
made many valuable recoveries. The
latest was on Tuesday morning when he
found a lady's brooch, set with twenty
brilliant diamonds. This was a small
fortune itself. It was promptly turned
over to Captain Vail, who knows the
owner. Since he began his operations,
Mr. Blake has discovered and
turned over. jewelry and watches
amounting to upwards of $20,000, and
yet probably not one-quarter of what
was lost will ever be found so as to be
recognizable.-St. Augustine Press.
-Mr. Masters, who has a young vine-
yard near Eustis, brought to this office
Saturday a fine ripe bunch of grapes. It
is unusual for grapes to ripen in May, but
this shows what careful culture will do,
and is destined to have an important
bearing on grape culture in South Flor-
ida. Mr. Masters says he has raised
three crops of grapes in one. year by a
system which he will some day expatiate
on for the benefit of our readers. His
vines bore plentiful in June, September
and October. Mr. Masters had many
years' experience in France, Italy and in
this country, and is very competent in
his profession.-Lake Region.
-Last Friday the darkies belonging to
section gang No. 5 on the South Florida
Railroad, became involved in a quarrel
over money matters, when one of them
grasped a Winchester rifle and ran the
others off. ThomasA. Powell, foreman
of the.gang, inquired into the trouble,
told the darky that he would see that he
was protected and asked him to give up
the gun. The darkey-refused and drew
the gun on Powell, who in self defence,
drew his revolver and shot him, the shot
taking effect in the muscle of the left
arm coming out close up under the arm
and entering the body. Mr. Powell gave
himself up and had a preliminary ex-
amination before 'Squire Johnston, at
Kissimmee, Saturday evening, being
acquitted on the ground of self defence.

A Very Importint Chapter in
Florida's History.
In preceding issues we have publish-
ed extracts from the lengthy letter by
Hon. Wmin. D. Kelley, which appeared in
the Baltimore Manufacturer's Record.
We now present that section in which
the writer narrates the events attending
the famous purchase of 4,000,000 acres
of land by Hamilton Disston:
Justice to my subject requires mne to
reply to the question, what was the con-
ditionof Florida and hler people when
the war ended -iIt- has already been
shown that there was but 416 miles of
railroad, and less than 187,000 people in
the State at the close of 1865. The rail-
roads were badly located, and the ex-
travagant cost of their construction had
bankrupted both the companies to whom
they belonged and the State. What the
condition of the .people was ten years
later I have endeavored to show, .
The State having guaranteed the now
defaulted bonds of the -railroad com-
panies and secured' their payment, prin-
cipal and interest, by a mortgage pledg-
ing to their payment all the land she had
received from the general government,
or might acquire, her supreme power
was limited to the further impoverish-
ment of the people by taxing their un-
cultivated and unproductive land. Nor
did sanguine hope promise relief from
the apparently inextricable meshes of
poverty and litigation in which her ante-
war doctrinaire rulers had involved her.
With each recurring default of interest
on the guaranteed bonds her indebtedness
increased, and as as she had been induc-
ed to convey in trust all her lands to the
very men who had in tLiir own interest
contracted the debt under the title of
the Board of Trustees of Public Improve-
ment, they had subjected the State her-
self to legal jurisdiction. This. device
which was resorted to for the purpose of
establishing beyond a peradventure the
perpetual supremacy of the clique that
invented it, came back to plague the in-
Foreigners who held the bonds brought
suit and obtained judgment against the
Board of Trustees and the United States
courts, on the application of one Vose,
enjoined the board from selling laud for
any other purpose than. the payment of
the proceeds to a receiver, to be applied
to the interest and principal of the bonds.
Large bodies of land bad meanwhile
been granted to companies proposing to
build several judiciously located rail-
roads, but the mortgage and injunction
covered the land thus granted, and until
they should be removed the grants were
Again, the-Board of Trustees had been
authorized to contract for the drainage
of the swamp and overflowed lands of
theState for which the executive offer-
ed one-half of the land that should be
reclaimed to the party who might make
the reclamation. But no one could be
found to accept the contract, because
these lands were also covered by the in-
junction, and could 'not be transferred
even in compensation for this work
which if accomplished would relieve the
State from her embarrassment. The
case was hopeless and so it continued to
be until 1a80, when a citizen of Philadel-
phia lifted Florida from insolvency and
her people from despair. "
When in. -1y60 I was first elected to
Congress.a slender lad of fifteen, the son
of a constituent of mine, the late Henry
Disston. having graduated from the Jef-
ferson Grammar School. Lad just entered
upon work in the lowest branch of skilled
labor in the practical department of
what is now the greatest saw manufac-
tory in the world. He was a diffident
and consequently a quiet lad. His de-

votion to his new pursuit and the apti-
tude with which he mastered minute de-
tails and general operations was a con-,
stant source of gratification and pride to
his father.
- When in 1878 Mr. Disston died, his son
Hamilton, of whom I speak, became the
senior partner of the firm of Henry Diss-
ton's Sons. Though devoted to his great
business his trained familiarity with-
every detail of its management left him
master of part of every day. As he was
not addicted to sport or society he sighed
for. another great enterprise than that
which had been brought to ideal prefec-
tion by his father, to which he might
pleasantly devote these unemployed
Florida's proposition to bestow half
the land that should be reclaimed on the
man who would drain her swamp and
overflowed acres took possession of him.
He instituted broad preliminary investi-
gations from which he received satisfac-
tory reports; he surveyed the entire field
of the proposed work and with Na-
poleonic instinct and foresight saw in the
proposition an opportunity to promote
his country's welfare by the acquisition
of a more than kingly domain. Compe-,
tent engineers were employed to make
scientific surveys and to report on the
practicability of the scheme and the
probable cost of the work.
The legal questions involved were re-
ferred to eminent counsel; and it was
the lawyers and not the engineers who
found the -obstacle that seemed insur-
mountable, for they came upon the judg-
ment of the United States Court and the
fact that these lands were also in the
hands of the receiver to secure a debt
which though said to have been but $125-
000 when contracted had by a recent ad-
judication been found to be a little less
than $1,000,000.
Few prudent business men would have
attempted to remove such an embarrass.
ment in order to enter upon what was
but an experiment, though a right royal
one. The magnificence and beneficence
of the enterprise had fascinated Hamil-
ton Disston and he sent into every coun-
ty of Florida in which there was a con-
siderable body of land belonging to the
State, competent and trusty agents to -re-
port upon the character of the soil, its
native products, and what, if anything
else save these, it would yield under
cultivation. '
Having scrutinized the reports of these
agents and submitted them to a few
judicious friends, he found himself pre-
pared to submit to Governor-Bloxham
the question: How many acres of land,
to be selected by my agents, will the
State convey to me for $1,000,000 with
which to pay the judgment against the
lands vested in the Board of Trustees
of Public Improvemnent, any balance of
the sum which may remain after a%
settlement of that claim n i,",-- r;A ..
the St-te Treasury for general purpose-s?
-Four million acres was the Governt',-s
prompt reply, which though prom pt apdi
been well considered, as the Board' of
Trustees of Public Improvement and the
Governor had'for more than four years
been pressing this offer upon the atten-
tion pf American and foreign capitalists,
and had been able to obtain no high-
er offer than 19 cents an acre, or .60,u00
for four million 'acres of Florida's
choicest lands. This sum could not be
accepted, as it was not sufficient to pay
the principal of the debt and the charges
-by which it had been swollen. ,
The Disston contract, as it is now
known was promptly closed. This was in
1880. The preceding forty years had
added but 215,016 to Florida's population,
and during the preceding fifteen years,
or from the close of the war in 1865 till
the close of 1880, but 182 miles had been
added to her railroad system. This.hmel-
ancholy showing may be accepted as the
epitaph under which the Old South, was
buried in Florida, r
Let us now turn to the New South to
ascertain whether she can have? a differ-
ent career. The Vose mortgage had no
sooner been satisfied than the State gov-
ernment issued patents for the i.in'J
-theretofore granted to railroad com-
panies, 'and the companies-immediately
contracted for.the construction-of the
roads to which the grants were appli-
cable. Mr. Disston and his associates
having been incorporated under the title
of the Atlantic and Gulf Canal and Okee-
chobee Land Co., contracted to drain the
swamp and overflowed lands belonging
-to the State. New life seemed to animate
every oi izen of Florida, and activity was
everywhere apparent. '.
About the close of the year Sir Charles
Reed came to the United] States for the
purpose of selecting fitting sites forcol-
onies of enterprising Englishmen. Mr.
Disstonwho haid from the first seen that to
obtain advantage from his vast purchase
he must promote settlement, approached
Sir Charles Reed, to whom before the
close of 181l he had sold two million
acres upon which quite- a number of
flourising settlements were soon made.
Here are some of the immediate results
of the change that ha'd taken place. To
a total railroad mileage of 548 miles, the
construction of the firot of which was.
as has been shown, provided for by the
national government in 1835. there has
beeu added 1,31-2 miles of road whichare
now in operation. No census since that
of 188) hias been taken, but I believe that
the population has doubled and that
Florida is moving rapidly to pre-emi-
nence among the non-mineral producing
States of the Union.

A biU was introduced into Congress at
its last session reducing the rate of post-
age on seeds, roots and cuttings from
six teen to eight ceuts per pound. En-
gland and Canada charge but four cents,
and this country surely ought not to
charge more than double that rate. The
bill failed of passage, but Congress meets
every year and a measure so obviously
just, will not down till it becomes a
law. .

A mule is worth as much care as a
horse, and will repay it in his work.

S Sponging off St. Marks. -
A person who is posted in the spong-
ing business as it is carried on "down
the Bay," writes to the Floridian, under
date of May 28, as follows: I
I met a gentleman here engaged in
sponging and he gave me the fol owing'
information in regard to the business.
He say's that there are now 100 vessels
engaged in sponge fishing near the St.
Mark's lighthouse. There are 22 vessels
from Appalachicola, and 78 from Key
West. There are seven men employed
to each vessel, making a total of 703
men. The cost of provisions for each
vessel per month is $80.00, or $240.00 for
the season, making a total cost for pro-
visions alone during the season of $24,-
000. In addition to this there are other
expenses for ropes, cables, anchors, etc.
These are purchased at Appalachicola or
Key West.
Each vessel gathers 400 bunches of
sponge at a trip. The sponges are put
into racks near the lighthouse and dried,
and then reloaded and taken to Appa-.
lachicola or Key West and sold. The
Key West vessels make three trips dur-
ing the season, of about eight weeks
each. He says that lie largest and best
sponge are found about eight miles
southeast of the St. Marks lighthouse,
and that the greatest portion of. the
sponge fishing is done in sight of the
lighthouse. In bad weather the vessels
lay at the Spanish Hole and at St. Marks.
They get their wood and water at St.
He says that a majority of the spong-
ers would rather sell their sponges and
get their supplies at St. Marks, if they
could, as it would save unloading and re-
loading of sponges, and 54 days spent
per season per vessel in going to find a
market. These 54 days could be saved
by a market at St. Marks, and employed
in gathering sponge and adding to the
profits of the business. Prices for
sponge per bunch at Appalachicola is
$2.50; at-Key West, $8.25. ; .
The estimated amount of sponge taken
per season by the Appalachicola fleet is
26,400 bunches, valued at $65,000,' by'
the Key West fleet, 98,600 bunches, val-
ued at $804,200; making.a total amount
taken by both fleets of $869,200.


Artesian Wells in Florida. h. l
An attempt is about to be-made at St.. ,olesale..
Augustine, Fla., to sink a twelve .inch JACKSONVILLE., June 12 ,1887.
artesian well to a depth sufficient to ob- Provisions.
tain water hot enoughto heat buildings, MEATSlaD,3. sr r r boxed,'&k..I: D.S3.
long le s z, 37 : S. v._. r ") -' ,
pure enough fordomestic purposes and swoked shoti Ilib- T6; "s..mked bl'e.i 5s75':
with pressure enough to run heavy ma- C. 'aUmicen7o.ie'ed fac2y. .c:. s. C. break
chinery. The facts upon which this pe- M st a, ,5(uii,..S "d^ 3 :'d;}.C. Euoui-
car~aedec:CaIr uta or pic-
.." + ~ ers ci an-,. -au,ed-,u, e: .t,-a i ....rui-
culiar experiment are based, are that a h.qme. (cl. Laid-ridn- d tirrces '7.e;
water can be found in Florida by boring ter bei'-barr.iii:, uaii. rei8,i'; mes
250 feet. The artesian wells in that pork i' 3-7' V h. .:t.t,,us. re.. i:.r round
State have considerable pressure, and B r'rrn--B ottr, le.'_e per pound,
from a depth of 600 feet send water of a looking l5.ii .? per pound.
warm temperature to a head of forty-five Ornlu. i'tunr. Hn v.Feed.fidesEIEC.
feat when ripeil -- -
Thques..n of running heavy a- GRtAiN Corn The market is weaker
l[ rqethn eta nig e vyoa =, ;"w -- toe dri's ra'resent today's
chinerV bv artt;ian well power IS i by rno aiue: 'We q uote white orn, Job t 'ts,
mean purely -expericrientsl-it i- done ,-45. per out..i; -.'. load loEs d'c per
in many locationsin France already. and M-' d CuII, K? -il ') pe up I
In l~ulovblo~lu~rtutt ~t'auy atear w :d iotg "c 6er bushel. (- ia Lquiet
the experience of the French shows that ,and firm at Ine fI:,iion-ing 6gures: mixed,
the deeper the well the greater the pres- in Jion lots. I\c, car loid lot1 ie; wuite
sure and the higher the temperate ure. Dat ,,are2 .t-. ; oi.era ,. round, Br.an.teady
I and blen.-r;11 22 to $il per ton.
At (Grenelle, France, a well sunk to the HEary-b ma'rk-'t is firm and better de-
depth of l.86i2 feet and flowing daily mand for good grades. W-estern choice
i0r0,0lI gallons,- has a pressure of sixt- smali bales. I':,. per Ion: cart load lots 817 ,I
pound.s.... guto ns, th as a pressureinchy oo ,,s7,0 per torn; Eactern bay 219 per ton.
Pounds to the square inch. just doub-le PEJRaL GRirTS AND [MEAL'-- 10 per narrel.
that of the 600-foot well at Jucksorville. FLoQrR-We.ker, h.st patents M 50,7$ 60;
and the water from the Grenelle w1ll is good c am ivk E0.,0 10: Sommon p "r d.
an ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ?w-k.yu .+.,. P.-:Biae-k Ee.$18.3 per rushvl.
so hot that it is used for heating the hos- GROUND FsrE-D-Per ton p24 to 135.
pitals in the vicinity. Thin3 internal CoiFEs-Green Rio 2.toe per pound.
heat is now being forced into practical Java, roas.ted. '.'.ie: Mocas, roasted, 32iAOc;
service at Pesth, where the deepest arte- C, Rio "aE D MA-Sar5ce and higer.
C-itNSEED )mil.L-Saree and higner.
sian wellin the world is being sunk to ira Island or dark m6 l E )L per Lon. bright
..supply hot t Wrater for pub-lic. baths and )r suorL cotton nmeal d ,221i23 .00 per Ion.
sply ......... wo to f 8,120 fe lBArcco NrE-a-Mitraet qUieIt out rm C
other purposes. A depth of ,120 feet It)i$], l:,'.1 per ton.
has been reached, and the well supplies L'tiM-Eal'ern,job lots.Si00per barrel, Aia-
daily 176,060 gallons of water heated to -sma lime 1 1..5. Cement,-Arrrican 1082),
150 degrees Fahrenheit.-American In- rfn-'I e qpotatrous vary according to
ventor. quantitlyirom li5 .,aiec perpound
SALT-Llverpool, per sack, 610); per car
.... t~~~oad. S,.+U .-
Increased Demand for Moss. tD--Dry dint, cow, per pounders,
Th lats t news from New York ndi- lass, 18o; and country dry salted lie; butchers
The latest news from New York i- dry salted 9c. Skins-Deer flint 20c; salted,
cates a new industry for Florida, the 1gc. Furs-Otter winter, each a5c@$ rac-
use of our Spanish- moss by gardeners coon 10@15c; wild- cat 10@15c; tox @15%x
and florists. It is used in forming theBesW per pound18; wool free from
groundwork of floral pyramids and dec- apiece.. br .
orating the side tables and walls. It is C ouontry Produee.
also hung-in festoons from the ceilings OHBz.SE--Fine Creamery 18c per pouhd.
and gas jets, producing a striking con- LrvEPoULFRV-L;mltd supply and ood
.lemand as follows" hens 45c; mixed 85c; naLf-
trast. Heretofore this material has been rowan sc. Tey ae scarce and in greatde-'
supplied the New York market by Long mana.
-Island and New Jersey, but the moss Ees-Duval.- County 15 per dozen with
found in those swamps is much inferior a limited odeman and good supply. -t3 25
+RBH POTATOFs-Nlorthern potatoes 63 25
to ours, as Florida moss is much more per barrel.
highly colored, and retains its greenness ONMioNs-Bermudas, $200 per-crate;Egyptiia
much longer. The increased demand 6325 per crate 1
8'Florida cabbage, 01 75@2500 per barrel. They
for moss has enhanced its value fully are a drug on the market.
twenty-five per cent., and as the home NEw BBETS-Florlda, per crate, 2 00._
supply is inferior in quality, several moss CAULITLOWa--Per 6 arrel, 3 00, an"1 75
factories in this State are supplying New ToMAroEs-Flortda, per crate, 75cto$1 50;
York dealers. The demand for Florida Lake W,:.rtIb, 82.5 to 2S6 ..
moss has grown so great that there is NORrSaRN ToRNirs-Oood supply at $225
per barrel.' -
some talk of New York parties estab- SqAs-Prer crate, $12. -
lishing factories here. This industry is SNAP BEANS-Per crate,.6100. .
destined to become a profitable one to NEw PoTAroms-Per barrel, 63 50@4 00, with
owners of swampland, and giving value good u mas-Per 0box.O. .
toit.-Ocala Banner. Foreign and Domestie Fr.ult.
S- FauirNsS-French, 12c.
JUNE WEATOER. PINE APPLS-1l75 to 62 00 per dozen.
S "' ""LEmMONs-Messlnas, $3 250850 per box.
The following table, compiled from the record- FIGS-In layers 18c.
of the Jack onville S1,Ia/IStaton by Sergr. J. DATES-.Persian-Boxes 9c; Frails 7c.
W. Sniltb. represersis the temperature, condition BANANAS-Good supply; from 75c to $200
of weather, rairtaU and divEcrion of wind for perbunch.' .
the month of June, as observed at the Jack- NUTS-Almonds 180; Brazils 12c;+ Filberts
sonvill a EStation during the past I15 years: (Sicily) 12c; English walnuts,- Grenobles, lIc;
Marbots, 15o; Pecans -12c; Peanuts 6c;
TEMnP WIATHER. Cocoanuts $5 50 per hundred.
------ --- '" RAISINS-London layers, f260 per box.
... .. 3 'RANBmEtRLs-876 per crate; 61000 per
-- a. m " n barrel.
VsB.ns. p. | 'g e. BuTTHnE--Creamery-20c;, Extra Dairy
9 A 13S,5 S.IES 60. Dairy 16.
Sa 2 5 5 l CESF--Half skim l Oc,. cream .18O per
1 17) l," 70 81 6 7 17 6 67 SW PBAOHES-Peen-To, 75c to 62 50 per crate;
i173 9O i 14 ,, 0 16 11 8 SW Georgia, Oc to 75cpercrate..
18- '.4l9 hS M1 8 6 12 ,.92 SW APPLES-Georglas, 50c per crate.
18' 6 P9 32O I iL 14 .l 5.41 SW PlWuxiS-Gengras, 50c per basket.
18711 .i 9 6 81i 7 L2 11 -4 17 E --
187; 9'9 3e 82 16i 1 2 10.47 SW Retail.
1878 96 66 82 6 16 8 5.1 E mThe following quotations are carefully re
1879 i 0 62 ;9 15i 11 l 1 25 E fised for Wednesday's and Saturday's paper
1i6i) IO) 6 .1 9 18 3 3 ,':, ''W fromquolautonsuirnlsbed by dealers In the
1831 t, M 62 14 11 2 2-82 SW Olty Market.
i1K2 96 65 81 7 17 6 5.14 SW Carrots wholesale at $300 per barrel, and
163 1951 61 1 5 17 8 7 05 ;W retail at 50 cents per peck.
ISM4 92 6! ;;: 2 12 16 6.8" SW Green Onions wholesale at 80 cents per
1IB&5 96 6& 8 i4 ;0 10 8 98 SW hundred, and retails cents per bunch.
18.846 I 67 81 ;3 2 5 4 73 SE Florida Cabbage wholesale 8200 per barrel
J. W. SMITH, and reLaUl at 5 to 10 cents.
S Sergt. Signal Corps. U. S. A. Quail wholesale at 10 cents each and retail
.... t 1 cents, or two iora quarter.
S ", Oranges wholesale at 6300 to500per box,
Groves where Williams, Clark & Co's and retail at6 cents.
Orange Tree Fertilizer has been used are Spiuage wholesales at7c per bushel and
lookige Trnel, retails at four quarts for 25 cents.
looking finely Sweet Potatoes wholesale at 60 cents per
WT.ILLIAMS, CLARK & CO. bushel, and retail at 5 cents per quart.

0,,L,.R,, .
AR so Poll

Ladies' Purchasing -Agency.
. A New York lady of experience and
taste, enjoying the best facilities for
shopping. under advantageous xcondi-
tions, offers her services to ladies desir-
ing to secure any kind of wearing ap-
parel, toilet articles or household, goods,
at New York prices. Send for circular.
Address MRS. S. S. Jones,
* 179 Gates Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y.

"We Know by Experience."
For three years we have used Brad-
ley's Vegetable" Fertilizer. After test-
ing along with other high grade fertil-
izers, we pronounce it better-than any
sold in Florida. We shall use it again
this year.
We do not hesitate to say to the vege-
table growers of Florida that they can-
nol use anything so good as Bradley's
Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. We know
by experience what we say regarding
this fertilizer.
Ft. Mason, Fla.
Seed Irish Potatoes.
SThe best potatoes for planting in this
State. are those brought from extreme
Eastern points. Acting on this belief,
we imported last year from
large quantities of Early Rose, Chili
Red, Beauty of Hebr'on and other varie-
ties, and the potatoes raised, from this
seed, were the finest we have ever seen
We will receive, in a few days another
cargo of the same potatoes, which we
will sell at the following prices:
Chili Red....... per barrel $8.50.
Early Rose................. $8.00.
Beauty of Hebron.......... $8.00.
Every barrel guaranteed as represented.
Remit with order, and we will ship the
potatoes promptly.-
Jacklonville, Fla., Jan. 5th, 1887.



Absolutely Pure.
This powder never varies. A marvel of.
purity, strength and wholesomeness. More-
economical than the ordinary kinds, and
cannot be sold In competition with the
multitude of low test, -h.r, wElehb alum or
phosphate powders. Sold only i, 'a01,
.OYAI BAI.aG POWDER Co., 106 Wall v ....
New York.

Lettuce wlhoie4aiie at 151i,,a cents per dozen
heads, and retail at 5 cents per head. ,
Parsnips wholetaleaat 62 ;.5 per barreland-
retail at four and ire for 1') cents. '.-
Roetmns wholesale at 6 cents each and retaUl -
at 1) centt.. ,
Celery whbolesales at .O to SO cents per dozen
and retails at three to tour stal-ks br 25 cents, ,
according to size.
Eges ale n fair demand. Duval county
eggs are quot-d at wholesale at. 15 cent-s
per dozen, and ret-aLl at 2') cuts.
Boston marrowait squashes wholesale at .
$2.51) per barrel, rerujl at 6, Iu and 15 cents '
New York lrlsbh potatoes wnoiesaleat82756to
$290 per rarrei and retailat i0cen'sperquart.
Northern let'LS are worto w nolesale 2r0}
per barrel, and retail at I0) cents per quart,
or tw-i q .trts ior iJceort.
Radishes bring at wnol:esale 15 to 20 cents-
per dozen bunches oi e-.-en radishe each.
hey retail at 5 cents per bunco, or three
bauches fo.r It, cnts.
Live pouitry-chbii'ens, wholesile, from -5.
to i40 C,-nt6 each: ret-iil ill to 5'r cuts each.
DrEse.d poutryvp,:r pound-euhi'ken., retail.
IS to.)i Z(entp. Kuirkeys, wbiolesalie, l1:'* to
$1.75 e'c-'b. and retail at 2i cents per pound.
Northern maits retRil aS I'ollows: Cuhicano
oeef trom 1w tO '5 ceuts per pound; Florida
oeefi' to 16 cents per pound; vreai ') to,2Scents;
pork 12 to i'i centE; mutton 10 to 2) cants
venison 25. cents; sausage 1.5 cefis: corned
boeC 10 cent s.,
Latest Quotations of Florida Fruits-
And Vegetables. .
-TWmmisilon Merbchaulsi' Qnolatuons.
.tkpeclal to the TriME-UNIoN:]
NEW YORK, June 17.-The slaekingoff
in itb? iec-lpts o Floi Ida tomsatOe6 caused au
advan.: in piiers, an&d i nole stock sold atl
fl.',2. i'he outi,'1- Is tavoraeie ior good
pri.,es to continue on all good stock to come
forvaid. Ege plants, ciholce dark. 17 per
barrel. W-ari.rmelons in good demand.
Weather hot and outlook favorable, selling
at 2*.,03.'c, good teaciaee wanted. .2@3 per

BA.LT31ORE,Juue 17 -The better grades
of Maryland tobacco are in active demand,
but thestock is reduced. There is little de-
mand for the poorer grades of Maryland, or
for Western tobacco. Vireini choice seils
with Maryland at from 910 to Oi6 per 100.
NEW YORK, i June 17.-The Western
leaf market Is quiet. Pennsylvania selec-
tnuons are in demand, but the stock is light. ItL
takes a very fione article to bring'5t.
Havana toOe-eo is very active at prices
rangiuq irom t ) cents to '6I10 per pound.
Sumatra is quet atr1.20 toL.5 per pound.
ST. LOUIS, June 17.-The demand is
good.'aand the market frm In all grades.
RICHMO)ND, Juone 17.-Lugs are seilime aL
rcim .31 to 6 cents, and leaf from 6 to i. Gbod
grades In active request.
r3AVA.NNA.H. June 118.-The Unland Cotton
Market closed firm at the rol6wuing quota-
Mliddllng fair 1013-16
Good middling It09-16l
Middling ....... 10 5-16
Low middling 101-16
Good ordinary 9 JS-16
The net receipts were 4 bales; gross re-
ceipts -. bales; sales- bales;stck at this
port 3274 bales.
Exports to the Continent -, exports coast-
wise-. : w
The market Is quiet and nominal at un-
changed quoiailons. Little stock for sale and
scarcely any arriving.
Common FloridaA 15
Medium' n 16
Good Medium 17
Medium fine 18
Fine ..... 19@20
Extra fine 22
Choice 23

C. S. LS E LE 0 CO.,



LAMPS, : .





C. S. L'ENGLE & CO.,

Before yon decide where to go. in SOUTH "'
FLORID A, send for a sample copy of. -
You will find better and cheaper bargains ..
MANATEE County In groves, farms, ra ches 'f
any size. Building lots on railroad, river or sea-
side. The proprietor of "The Orange Grove,' Is -
an "old timer," but neither mosi backed or i .de
bound; be ts here to stay and "Thsi .illions .
Inlt." Three MtUlonsof Acres on his Bok_. .-



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