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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
VOL. 1---NO. 23. JACKSONVILLE. FLA.. WEDNESDAY. JUNE 8, 1887.
PRICE $2 A YEAR.
Fdrage Seeds for Fall Sowing.
A quantity of seeds of the following
forage plants have been sent by the
Commissioner of Agriculture to the edi-
tor of the FARMER AND* FRUIT-GROWER,
and will be distributed by lim. An
equal division will be made among those
who may apply for them this month.
Please observe the following remarks
and directions, as only the names will
be found on the seed packets:,
This has been called Cuba .Grass,
Guinea Grass, Mean's Grass, Alabama
Guinea Grass, etc. It is a perennial,
rapid grower, having long cans-like
roots, or more properly underground
stems, every joint of which is capable of
developing a bud. These literally fill-
the ground. Short pieces of roots
planted in rows two feet apart and from
one to two feet apart in the row quickly
form a sod over the entire surface. It
is exceedingly difficult to eradicate. Do
not. sow or plant where you expect to
, cultivate the land. Some plantations of
Johnson grass are more valuable acre
for acre than the cotton lands. For
hay, cut it as often 'as it attains the
I eight of -24 to 30 inches. On good soil
it yields from two to three tons per-
acre, and can be cut three times during
the summer in the Gulf States. It is
not regarded as being sufficiently hardy
north of where .cotton can be success-
fully grown. One bushel of -seed (28
lbs.' )is sufficient for an acre. Brush in
* the seed and use the roller, as it must be
covered lightly. South of'the 40th de-
gree of latitude the seed may be advan-
tageously. sown in September and Oc-
TALL OAT GRA0S.
1vena elatior )
This is called Tall Meadow Grass.
also the Evergreen Grass.' It is
a very vigorous growing- variety,
affords ver-y early and abundant
pasturage, and is valuable for hay-
making purp,-es, if cut before the
blossoms fall and it is not. exposed to
rain or dew while being cured. In the
Southern States it is valuable for green
soiling, as it may he cut three or four
times each season. It is said to be the
most abundant of all the various grasses
grown in France. It succeeds well on
sandy or gravelly soils, and as it has
Song, fibrous ioots, penetrating lep in
the oil. it isentirely haidy in the North.'
and equally valuable in the South, be-
cause of its aptitude to withstand the
effects of protracted drought. It is a
very suitable variety to mix with early
red'clov..r and orchard giass. ThIe roots
are perennial, and consequently live sev-
eral years. Not less than 2,.' pounds .'
bushels) should be sown to the acre.
South of the 411.th degree of latitude the
seed may be advantageously sown in
September and October. North of this
line spring seeding is recommended.
Brush in the seed and use a roller.
iFestica elatior. i
This is well adapted to heavy clay
lands and moist soils, and soon forms a
dense sod, and in fifteen or eighteen
years it gains such complete possession
as to exclude nearly all other grasses.
The seed is large, and must be covered
lightly by brushing it in and using the
roller. Sow not less than 14 pounds Il
bushel) to the acre. either in autumn or
spring.' A satisfactory result will fol-
low the autumn sowing, if half a bushel
of seed is sown in the fall with five or
six pounds of timothy, to be followed in
the spring by eight or ten pounds of red
clover. Both of the latter will soon dis-
appear, leaving the Festuca in full
possession of the field.
This is an intermediate variety between
the white and red clovei; possibly a hy-
brid possessing qualities -common to
both. It is a perennial and extremely
hardy; resists cold, wet and drought.
and yields good crops for eight or ten
years. It grows better in moist, heavy
clay soils than the common red variety
Many stalks are produced from one root,
so that from six to-eight pounds are re-
quired to seed an acre. The-roots strike
deeply into the subsoil, and being strong
and fibrous, they take a firm, deep and
widespread hold on thesoil, and prevent
washing'on steep hill-sides and sloping
land. 'It affords a large return in hay,
is excellent as green feed or for ensilage
purposes, and for bees it' is unsurpassed,
*as, likeithe white clover, they can gather
sweetstifrom'it- more-easily than from
the common red cliefr;. -The period of
blooming is muc'-Iopngeqr than with red
clover.iand the e-siKe:may be mown for.
hay w-en th e-losoms are fully ma.-
tured, and mav.Z.erefbre-be cut with
timothy It is..procictive, sweet, -per-
-, manen nd .ex-treme y valuable fo as-
turage soilifig. It bears its s.ae-.in
the firscrop. Sow in spring or' _
STq o Inr the nests of t itg lienb
will in n.it ice ..-,
k 7: .i :" ;.-.'^ :- '- .. .. .: -
GRAPE CULTURE FOR FLORIDA. Planting Grape Vines.
An apology is due Professor Dubois
The Pruning and Training of for a serious blunder in printing the
the Vines. first chapter of his treatise on grape
FIRST- CATEGORY. culture. It appears that one page of the.
copy was lost, and as there was ap-
BY E. DUBOIS. parent connection between the last
We left the two young shoots just words of-the preceding page and the
reaching the first wire, to which they first words of the page following, neither
have been fastened. If the vines belong printer nor proof reader detected the
to the first category by us described, omission. In another place the word
pinch the two shoots off as soon as they laterals was printed tendrils. The omit-
reach and'can be tied up to the upper ted page has been kindly supplied, by
wire. The object of this is to promote Professor Dubois and we print it below,
the development of the laterals, upon completing the introductory and closing
which we will-have the fruit the next sentences, and indicating by asterisks
season, the points of connection. After the di-
Figure 1 represents the vine at the reactions for preparing holes and placing
end of the second summer, with all lat- stakes, the article should have .read as
erals either twisted around or tied to the follows: '-
trellis. At the next pruning we cut Then proceed to the planting of the
back some of the links 1o two buds, vines. Take a shovelful of the surface
- ~ -
Fig. 1. A.\.,BATi-.us.A-YirNE .TiHE ENDr, r 'HE IH IaRD SUMMER.,
shorten others to five or six' buds, and soil (or hammock eaath, if you pl
remove altogether those which we do sandy land i to nia:k.e.a, mound
not. want, basing the number of our bottom of the hole. If-theroots
besi'ing canes and spurs upon the tops of Vyour. vines have not beet
str.ln.th of the vines. If the vine is ene.l in.'trim the former to ahbc
weak. two sturs and two bearing canes inches and the latter down ti
are sufficient. On very vigorous vines buds. All roots starting with
three spurs and five or six beating canes inches from the lower ,ud should
can be left. moved altogether. Now sprem
Figure-2 represents the vine pruned lower crown of roots over the
and fastened to the trellis Limbs B. I-. mound, cover with twoor three in
G in figure I are pruned to spurs ot two earth, spread the second crown
buds, and limbs A. D. F. H, I. are pruued on this earth and cover" again tl
to five ,r six ,iuds. On thie fuimer we four in-lies. Scatter fertilizer a
will grow our frame for next year's vine: the h-ole lMape's orange tree man
,on the latter ouiir present crop. The given u; the test result), four oz. i
limbs E and J have been removed alto- hammock land, and five or sixo O
gether, with part of the old arm. dinary pine land. Cover the fe
As the young ,shoots push out they with two or three inches of -dit.
have to be n atrly tied up. Remove all tread down the earth gently arot
the barren ones'growingr on the bearing vines; the drier the weather th
canes, and if two or three shoots grow firmly you pack. -
from one bud. leave the strongest and ---- --
rub off the others. Pruning the Fig and Baln
When the young shoots have attained Pruning the ig and Ba
about a foot, and y.:ou think there are too Eih,.-.. F... r ,d i n F iro,.- .rr,. '.-u;.r-;,,
many bunches on your vines, either re. Supplementiug the articles rela
move the weakest shoots on your bear- thecultureof Bananas and figs, I
in,. canes or the smallest and- lessperfect like to gi~e' you my experience w
bunches on some shoots. former and ti ust other experin
Now would be the time to speak of will try my plan. Just before an
summer pruning if we had to resort to it, ipated frost slice off :eveiy leaf c
but I think that here in Florida vines the stalk. Do not cut across the
will thrive better without. I found that Your banana field will look like tl
even on the most vigorous vines the poles of shipping in your harbor.
pinching of the fruit branchlis will cause outer covering will dry, like corn
the leaves of the vines to turn yellow -but onthe opening of spring, thi
ant in a
Id be re-
z. in or-
Fig. -2. A LABRUSCA "iLNE PRUNErD -ND riED A1 THE BE.r.INN ING OF. THE rfHIRDYEAR.
and shed sooner than they would have
done if all limber had been allowed to
grow unchecked. The only summer
pruning we practice is to pinch off the
top of a limb which outgrows too much
Now, at the end of the third summer.
the structure of your vines is composed
of six limbs grown on the three spars of
two buds each, and of all the limbs upon
which you have raised your crop. One
limb on each spur should be used and
:pruned as a fruit cane and the other cut
back to a spur of two buds; but as this
gives you only three fruit canes and
three.spurs, you select the strongest of
your limbs on the bearing canes to make
of them fruit canes foti next season. You
have to operate in the same way every.
-numIber of'bearinpg,- cneto the:vigor of
'the Vinee ** t
i s..Tr---m--n--- a...- -- ...-
leaf. having been protected from the
cold, will shoot up fresh and green, soon
followed by the blossom stalk. You
will be surprised and gratified by the
height they will attain, and by the fruit
they bear. Two years ago I had forty
bunches even thus far north, but, un-
fortunately-for me, during the severe
winter of 1886, I remained at the North
and my bananas were frozen to the
*-While bauanas will bear without
other fertilizing than their own decayed
leaves, yet. they will show, by the in-
creased numbers of fruit on a stalk, the
results ot heavy manuring. In the
spring go through your "'patch" and with
a sharp knife cut off a small portion_ of
.bh- stalks, just sufficient to sbow tLhe
'tsh green of the coming leaf. If you
-do, not, the dry top will .prevent the
'ursting of the leaf and the sap sours
rots the hei'rt. .
it is a good plan in reclaimed swamp
land; Ditches have to be near together
there, timber is plentiful, carvings none,
and what silt comes in will mostly be
held in suspension by the water. If pal-
mettosareplentitul aIny their leaves in the
bottom shingle fashion, before the poles
are laid down. Do not. subsequently ap-
ply much lime near the drain, as that
will help to decompose the filling ma-
If the receptacle for your drain water
is a stream its surface may be c.:,nsidera-
bly lowered by taking out ot its bed and
its borders logs, stumps, knees, roots-
everything which impedes the water.
catches trash o0 prevents a deep channel
from forming. Shtlow cut offs across
peninsulas, will be enlarged and
deepeued by the current and often con-
verted into new and straight channels.
While trees should be encouraged to
glow on dry land, in a water course
through a cultivated district they are a
Fie. .1. CR'" 'E, TITON or L' RAN.
nuisance. .Burn the grass along the
stream, but not away from it; water
will then fill it more slowly and be car
ned away quicker.
The science of drainage is so intimate-
ly connected with the knowledge of the
soil that the two cannot, he studied sep
arately. As ignorance of ihe properties
and composition of the soil we till is too
common, good works on drainage
should be studied. even by those whose
high lands make draining unnecessary.
Favorite Border Plants.
The chrysanthemum genus emil.races
a dozen species of showy daisies, natives
of northern portions of the Eastern Con-
tinent. One of these, the ox-eye daisy.
has been introduced extensively into the
Northern States. It is a beautiful flow-
er, but is, considered a great pest by
farmers on account of its propensity to
overrun meadows and :rowd out the
glass. South i.f Pennsylvania it is not
very troublesome and in Florida it is
but rarely found. This is the Chrysan-
theni i1nit I .' t t -i i lh. ,lii I -; 'OII
Many of the pc-cies are favorites in
the flower garden. The Chinese chrys-
0. Barridgeiinumn, of which we present
an illustration. The centres or discs of
the flowers are crimson maroon in color
while the rays are marked with concen-
tric bands of white and crimson. Other
varieties, as described in Burpee's cata-
logue, have "pure white," "clear, yel-.
low." and "reddish violet" flowers.
Another variety has --bands of color on
white and yellow ground." and another
has "-velvety, crimson, maroon flowers,
with golden rim next the centre." All
are beautiful and well deserve Ihe popu-
lar name ..f "'painted daisies."
A. H. C.
English Sparrows In the South.
Has the English sparrow reached Flor-
ida? The Times-Democ-rat sounds the
note of warning, as follows:
This little pirate. finding the city of
New Orleans too circumiscriled, is
spreading along the coast, and has ap-
peared in nearly all the river-parishes for
a distance ot a hundred miles above and
below. We noticed a large colony d,:m-
i,:iie-l in the grand oak at Madame Gro-
leaux, opposite Poirnt-a-la-Hache. and
understand that these have already be-
gan ravaging the iice fields The Times-
Democrat sounded the alatum some five
or six years ago in reference to this
inch, or so called English sparrow, and
will merely repeat the warning, and pre-
diet that in lets than flveyeaTsourState
authorities will be offering a reward for
theirh- heads. The following from the St.
Paul Miuon.i Farmer" gives a method
practiced for their destruction in Ger-
An easy and practicable method of se-
curing them war, found to be by means
of large willow baskets hung in trees.
There is a hole in one end of the basket,
at which a number of straight pieces of
willow are so arranged as to converge
on the inside oif the box. Where these
points end they are sc. near together that
a sparrow can only squeeze through.
Once inside of the box he finds it an en-
tirely different matter to go out. as the
sharp pointspreent themselves to him.
and he is unable to escape. In the prac-
ti>al use of this arrangement a sparrow
i. captured and placed in the box. and
its cries attract its fellows, which crowd
around in great numbers and push their
way into the basket. only to find them-
selves seciirely captured when once in-
Another way to compass their de-
struction is by poisoned grain-soaking
cats, wheat, etc., in a solution of cobalt,
Parisgreen, or strychnine. This, how-
ever, is a dangerous method, and if used,
every precaution should be taken to
prevent, accident to fowls and song
In my ignorance of fig culture I made
,inquiry in regardto the "proper time
of pruning." I was told "the fig is a
curious kind of tree and will not bear
pruning-it will kill it." I experiment-
ed. Every month in the ,year I cut a
small branch to find if it would bleed.
Iun October and from then until Febru-
ary, no sap oozed from the wound and
it rapidly healed. There were many
trees on my place so ugly in shape they
were an eye-sore. I cut and cut, even
branches as large as the body of an or-
dinary tree. To-day my trees are as
perfect in shape as the most ardent lover
of the fig could desire and loaded with
H. P. W.
FERNANIINA, Fla.. May 24, 1887.
RECLAIMING WET LANDS.
Systems of Drainage Best
Adapted to Sandy Soil.
BY H. E. LAGERGREN.
The pressure of the earth on the sides
of the ditches, elevating their bottom, the
savings, dirt running in and trash
blowing in, makes cleaning of them out
necessary every other year. With small
plow lap two furrows in the bottom;
this will make shoveling easy. Never
touch the walls when you can.bhelp it,
any more than to scrape off wbh a hoe
what weeds grow on them. Let low
vegetation grow upon their border-, foir
it catches trash flying about and. its
roots bind the walls together.
The more drains you have the easier
each one is kept clean. The shallowest
place in a ditch determines its depth.
When you have heavy rains walk along
the ditches with a boe and remove all
obstructions. Never allow grass to
grow in the bottoms. It renders a ditch
shallower, impedes the flow of water
and catches floating objects. Besides, it,
keeps the water from cutting the bot-
toms and carrying along silt. Never
have the bottoms r wider than you can.
help, thereby the water is confined in
one channel "and have force enough to
cairy silt along.
A w.ise plan would be to ditch land
some years before breaking it up. In
the mean time the grass and -bushes
would be compelled to push their root-
deeper and deeper and they open and
enrich the subsoil for corning tame
plants. Ai muck pond would be vastly
benefited thereby, for not only would
taking out of muck be much facilitated,
but the value of it many times doubled,
as the rotting process could go onall the
tin'e. A heap of inuck frni a pond
covered with water most of the time,
may lie for years lbeiore anything grows
upon it, while on muck from a drained
pond Tegetation will start almost imme-
diately. Which mnick makes -the best
The frequent praises we hear of under-
drains should be taken with salt by
Floridians. At least with our sandy
lands,and heavy precipitation there is
no foundation w'hateve1 for the assertion
that they will carry off more water
than open drainE sunk to the same depth.
It is the reverse. z
If any one wishes to underdrain for
the sake of pet manent improvement, let
it be in soil where the clay is so near the
top that the conduits can be imbedded
therein, and ure the drain pipe with col-
lars. The next best is V shaped flues of
heart pine with the apex down. Let the
drain slope no less than three inches to
every 100 feet, and for every 2i00 feet let
it pass through a silt well, where the silt
can be discharged. Its narrow bottom
will keep the water in one channel and
give it power to sweep the entering silt
along. The writer has seen similar
drains, but with the apex up. Tlhidis to
keep the top board from splitting from
the weight of the earth above, but it is
well known that the pressure of the bot-
tom and sides is greater than from
above. In such a drain the bottom will
rise in the centre and the severed chan-
nels will un zigzag without power to
shove tha gathering sand along. This
evil is increased fiom the fact that in a
slow, current the lighter humus will
lodge uppermost and by its sleekness
will keep the water from gripping the
heavier sand. The drain will soon
choke: the water, no longer able to enter
it, will, from "habit." gather there any-
how and make its neighbor hood the wet-
tesrt art of the field. When the course
of ihe drain is almost run, its cross sec-
tions would look somewhat like Fig. 3.
It must be remembered that the outlet
for an underdrain must be so low that no
water is backed into it at any time, as
thaf'will not only make the underdrain
ineffective for the time being, but cause
its speedy ruin-another reason why un-
derdraining here is not likely to be as uc-
"Ditches which have been partly filled
with poles and brush, and then covered
with earth, answer a good purpose until
the brush has decayed, which will be in
about three years, or sooner If much
guano has -been used on the.l.and; but,
anthemum (C. Sinausei ranks next, per- **
haps, to the rose in popular favor. The Birds to be Protec.ed.
flowers of both have been rendered A wise farmer will protect t s, -8
double by cultivation, and as to form the insect eaters. robins, cat birds, blue
and color an endless variety has been hUids, lack birds, thrushes, orioles, led
produced. This .is an invaluable" fall birds, woodpeckers and the like. All
bloomer, and may be greatly improved the birds mentioned have a mission to
by high fertilizing and byxenewal, each perform in the economy of nature. The
year from slips taken in early: spring, martins destroy- wtevils. the quails
using the sprouts which come up from chinch bugs, the woodpeckers dig worms
the old roots. In Florida it blooms inrom the trees, while other eat wor m
Novemberand December, and frequently caterpillars and bugs. while others eat wor m
again in May and June, but to a less ex- caterpillars and bugs
Annual chrysanthemums are a'so be- The Melon Worm.
coming very popular. Of these the In letter from Col. Redmond-lately '
most noted is the C'. frutescens, the -of the Dispatch-he says: "*I suggest .
famous Marguerite or Paris daisy. -In a piece of shingle or thin board,'about
flowers it is similar to the ox-eye daisy, the size of a note sheet, smeared on the
but smaller and more star-shaped. The under or ground side with crude petro-
leum or coal tar and slipped under the--
muskmelon, as a detergent or preventa-
tive of the grub. Try it."
We echo our friend's last -words--
-"And if at first you don'tsucceed, try"-
something else. Dust the vines frequent-
ly, at dewy eve or morn, with ground
t fbbacco, sucb as is sold for fertilizer
Sd leosting in Jacksonville $18 per ton). -
S ome worms are given to chewing to-
-bacco in its living state, but we believe
all creatures avoid it when'dried, ex-
cept that "worm of the dust," Homoin
sapiens. If we had any melon vines we
would fry 'tobacco, and believe it would'
S benefit them ietwo ways. Bubach, too,
Sgmight prove ea cual. We would raise
the melons fr thet ground, as sug-
gested above. .
-' Barren Pear Tree.
A correspondent of the Southern Live
SStock Jourpal sass:
('ErYSANTzEmUM BnRiriDoEANUM. Inll1838 to'40. one of my pear trees
some eight or ten years old, had never
plant is more bushy in shape and has borne a flower. I selected a limb per-
handsome, finely cut leaves. The other haps two inches in diameter and took
annuals we have seen are similar in the out a ring of bark full one half inch,'
latter respect, but have leaves of thicker near the main stem of the tree, care-
texture. C. sulphureum has bright yel- fully cutting only through the bark;
low double flowers. Others have single done in May or June, n'ixt spring an- -
flowersof varied colors, abundance of bloom. Succeeding year.
Last spring we obtained some seeds I had a trench dug all around,
of anuual- chrysanthemums from the about three feet from; ~ .e cu'lting
great Philadelphia seed house of W. off all roots with a w0 harpened
Atlee Burpee & Co., and now have the spade.. Filled up, adding.manureto the
pleasure of-seeing our flower beds bead- clay as -thrown in, .This checked the
tified bydheir gay and many .colored flow of sap 'and making wood and fruit
blooms.-.O these. our favortte,is the .the resiilt.- -- -
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, JUNE 8,. 1887.
S3 able work gives good and sufficient rea- ed and sickly: they bae so little ,ot that careful di d-i.imination of the farmer in
9 dftfhndfb a sons, b'sed upon science as well as ex- they are difficult to uranbplant; and, if buying his tools; for such discrimination
perience, "The Orange, Its Culture ii left where they are, they do not recover will in due season cause a reform among
California," by William A. Spaulding. their vitality sufficiently to yield a good the manufacturers of farm implements,
CLEAN CULTURE OF GROVES. Page 14. "Compared with horticulture, I crop of berries the next spring. On the who will see to it that the farmer who
as pursued in other portions of the 'other hand, there is another extreme "feeds all," has what he wants. It may
A Former Plea Supported by United States, our section occupies a which one may fall into-the extreme of be thought that in these times we get
leading position. The system of seed- cultivation. I do not think the best re- well nigh perfect tools anyway; but I be-
Citation of Authorities. ing an orchard (grove) to grass or sults are or can be attained by an all- lieve there is still room for improvement
BY S. BIGELOW. clover, or the lack of system in allowing summer cultivation. The strawberry is here, and it lies in the direction of mak-
Editor Florida Farmer and Fruit-Grower: the ground to grow up in weeds, which a cold-weather plant, it practically ing a lot of tools nearer uniform in
In the editorial columns of your paper one sees so generally followed in other grows all winter, and, since the vegeta- weight. Truly, some men want \a
of April -20th, I at quite unexpectedly States, is not in vogue among our culti- tion must take a rest some time in the heavier tool than others, at least they
to myself, made the recipient of What I vators. On the contrary, the finest tilth year, it becomes nearly dormant after demand it, but when. a tool is heavy
consider a high honor, to be handed and the utmost freedom from weeds the season of fruiting and the subse- enough to do the work, it should be
"down to posterity," as the author of the and grasses is maintained, both in citrus -quent one of running are over; that is, made not even one ounce heavier, and
"fis~t article put in type for the FARMER and deciduous orchards. It would not the old plants do. Hence it is not the its companions should not vary from it.
AND FRUIT- GRowER and I trust that it be a difficult matter to show hundreds best thing to do to keep stirring the soil If the brawny man.wants more weight
will not be regarded as out of place or of fruit farms, varying in size from ten all summer. To use the expression of than such a tool poss sses, ic is absurd,
in bad taste for me to say that at the to fifty acres, which are as carefully one of our prominent growers here, because even he can do more-work in a
time I wrote that article so hurriedly, I tended as the finest flower garden. "there is such a thing as cultivating the day with the light tool, and.do it easier,
had serious miseivins about the success plants to death." and, not least in importance, better. As
of your enterprise, in starting another Scientific culture demands that soil The correct medium ground to occupy, it is, there is a great deal of difference in
agricultural paper in Jacksonville right devoted to trees shall not be exhausted as determined less by theory than by tools of the same lot. Look at a pack-
along side of the old reliable and popu- by other vegetable growth; also that the actual experiment, about as follows: In age of hoes or shovels, for instance, and
lar Dispatch, with such a live practical surface of the ground be at all times the first place, if a heavy coat of mulch- see the difference, not only in their
man as A. H. Manville at the helm, and finely pulverized in order to retard ing is applied in December or January weight, but in the. way they "hang," a
continually pushing it to the front by evaporation. Our system of fruit grow- preceding, a great part of the noxious chance for another improvement. A
new improvements, and a constant dis- ing conforms to these requirements." growth that would otherwise spring proper discrimination on the part of the
play of energy and adaptation to the I wish I could add emphasis to the up during the rainy season is farmer will in this particular, as in other
work, that plainly marked him as the above tersely expressed deductions from suppressed. Only a small amount things, secure him his "rights." -As the
"right man in the right place," and be- the plainest teachings of nature and of labor will be required to keep down farmer must rely on trifles for his "mar-
tokened a firm footing for the Dispatch science. Well will it be for Florida what little may make its appear- .gin." any slight. improvement of this
in the front rank of agricultural jour- when our home authors can truly say, ance through the mulching. Then, too, kind is worth looking to.
nals. Also, with the Agriculturist, so "our system of fruit growing conforms the deep bed of mulching will prevent -- ,-.--
well managed and filled with very to. these requirements," and the time the runners mostly from taking root, Culture of Nut-Bearing Trees.
practical matter, so favorably located will soon come if our writers, and work- since the sun shining freely on it keeps
geographically, and in a town so well ad ers too, would rely more upon intelli its surface.dry and hot-conditicns very The cultivation of nut-bearing trees in
vertised as Deantd. e gent observation of nature, and upon unfavorable to the sprouting of roots. America is yet in embryo;- Its growth
I say I- had doubts of the success of well established facts and deductions of Thus they may be allowed to run at-will will resemble that of the trees them-
any new rival for popular favor, ith science by those who are fully compe- for a month or two after the fruiting selves, slow while young-perhaps with
such worthy competitors already in the tent to instruct, and less upon foolish season is over, until they exhaust them- an occasional set-back during a chi y
field. But you wll not acuse me of notions begotten in ignorance, fostered selves and cease. Then the runners may pell1-but increasing in speed and thrift
flattery whenI say that I have been superstitious reverence for the past, be gathered up in the hand and clipped tili age. until it reach-s the laige di-
happily disappointed, and that I now nursed by a disinclination to activity in off at once. Having failed to take root, munsions which it deserves Mind what
record with pleasure my opinion that thought, and finally handed down from they will not have sapped the vitality of we say. Nut-growing for 'pleasure and
ou have fully redeemed the hopethat I generation to generations wise sayings, the plant as they otherwise would have home use will soon become popular,
then expressed, and that you have been and aeafe guide and sure road to suc- done. while nut-growing for profit will grow
pleased to put on record and to revert to cess for all who will shut their eyes and Questions as to the best way of cut- into a mighty industry. and become one
asominous of a predestination to suc- follow blindly. We have by far too ting runners, cultivation, etc., may be of the mo.t important branches of hor-
as ominous of a predestination to su- ch of this kind of teaching and prac- left for the present; th-y will arise later ticulture. It cannot help it.
During a late call by a "pencil driver" twice in every department of industry, on in the season. The O)ichard and Garden is too patri-
connected with a somewhat popular morals, medicine, law and religion, and LAWTEY, BRADFORD, CO. otic to see the large importations of nut.
paper, and who has access to the ex it is about time for us Floridians to of all kinids into this country without
chance, he hsaid cTh toARte"AeD x ous dormantenegies a lookmaking every effort to convince the pub.
changes, he said, "The FARMER AND arouse ourdormant energies andlook The Merits of the Chufa. lie that by far the larger percent. of this
er in FTGR R is, by od dsay." B theo my sub- deed behind the times in this age of The chufa is about the only sedge that supply could be produced at home with
rctFlordato-day. But to my subprogress.. No doubt we are sufficiently can be considered a good forage plant. far greater profit than the grower can
3 C ULTURE. inclined to be independent in both It possesses a succulence which nearly hope to realiz,- by the cultivation of
CLEAN CULTURE. thought and action, but we should not all sedges lack. Mr. Joseph Robles, of apples. peaches or small fruit-. The
I have re-read my article referred to let our independence run away with our Tampa, stated to us that his cattle and prospects in nut growing are enticing.
in the first number of the FARMER AND reason and lead us astray from the horses prefer it to crab grass. The roots the field is wide, and we shall see to it
FRUIT-GROWER to see if I therein advo- plainly worked ways of intelligent ob- may be in garden ground without dis- that it will be properly cultivate I.
cated any heresies unsafe to,be thus servatiortand deduction. curbing the hoed crops of winter aid In every branch ot horticulture we
"handed down to posterity;" and to see spring. Its roots are multiplied by hoe- hear complaints of low price-s and the
that if, in tie light of four months more (To be Continued.) ing, and after thespring crops are out of cry,of over production. Nut-growing is
of reading and observation, there was the way it grows uplu-xuriantly to the safe from the dangers of over production
-aught therein which I wish ..to change STRAWBERRY CULTURE. height of two and one-half feet. and of low prices for the next fifty years.
(as I believe in growth, progression, de- ;-- In Spain, Mr. Robles tells us, cbufas even if the present demand -should nut
velopment and evolution, as well as in Care of the Plants After the are mainly depended'upon--to keep up increase at the rapid rate ttnit is probable
the law of the "survival of the fittest.") the fertility of wheat fields. After fiar- as soon as the home supply gets abun-
I find nothing to subtract from the radi- F ruling Season vest, stock is turned in to graze on it, dant.-Oi chard and Garden.
cal position taken then, b.,ut see where BY S. POWERS. and in the fall hogs are turned in until
much i-an be added ani the suubj-ect ex- In a consecutive treatment of this it is time for 'sowing' another, crop of A Valuable Fodder Plant.
tended and elucidated with profit, and I subject, the sub-topic above indicated.is wheat.
propose- in thi5 and. perh.pi. in some timely at the present season. Next in Qf this plant a Louisiana cori-espoud The cow p-c a is ione of the most valua-
future articles,. to offr .some reasons for order will be the preparation of land for ent of the Southern Cultivator says : le. fodde> r plait- fuor the South. \
my position based on solid facts and well new plantations, which will probably be The great objective point with every have seen a crop of cow peas which
establish principle agricultural number two of the series. farmer ought to be to get the largest yielded four tons to the acre of inot ex-
science, and also,: to eite some authori- It may not be altogether clear tther clearto the yield, or rather the biggest profit from cellent fodder, and it left the ground in
ties that should have weight upon this reader, if he is a novice in the business whatever he plants; therefore in the pr..-,: the best condition f..r owing wheat..
much mooted question, upon which we with preconceived notions of it-brought cess of pork-making the chufa stands Anotber warmer sawe I peas ar.ug his
of Florida appear, to be more divided from the North, that it is profitable to almost without a rival, in my opinion. corn a the last plowin, covering hem
than we ought to be on a matter so com- allow plants to-bear a second time at all. It is as easily cultivated as corn, more with the plw and we shoul est.ite
mon and upon which there-seems to be. In the North it may not be, but in easily and successfully transplanted the yield on the ground, of both crops.
so muchof harmonvby writers upon all Florida it is. In the first place, it pays, (when stand is defective) than the sweet at a ton and a half of corn fodder, and
branches of agrii-ulture. and also so absolutely without regard to the cost of potato, most wonderfully adapted to forty buhels .of peas, with the corn equal
much of unanimity in the practice of resetting; in the second place, even if poor land, making a greater yield on tothirty-fieor itrry bushel. tott acre,
orange growers elsewhere. the product the second year were some- impoverished. soil than anything, lieeds and a large quantity of pea straw, which
In this whole orange business in Flor- what less valuable than the first, still it no gathering except for seed, will lie in makes g..ol feed.
ida it seems to be "every man for him- would pay to carry the plants over, be- the ground all winter without decay, and The common opinion that the South is
self and the devil take the hindermost," cause of the expense and difficulty of I am satisfied, on good soil, suited to not a stock counitr. is et ire.y unfo ud-
'*- and nearly every one you interrogate getting a stand in the first instance. their growth, two hundred bushels or ed. Within tie loig growing season, the
thinks he is in the advance, but his T give a case in point: Mr. Wm. more may be made to the acre. I meas- really rich, but badly managed soil, and
: neighbor is in the rear. I think we are Fisher, of this colony, picked and meas- ured the space of one yard on a row and the great va iety o fodder crops a ud
approaching a uniformity of opinion in ured carefully, two years in succession, gotfrom it half a gallon of nuts. The feeding stuff, t i not at all exaggerat-
favor of clean culture, frequent, persist- the berries yielded by a certain plat. The land is a gray sandy soil, rather thin, ing the matter to .say that t ie b-er cattle
ent and thorough stirring of the surface first year it produced, :on an average, and I used no fertilizer. I had only half can be reared to 1, 00. pound, in three
soil in groves as well as with other in the height of the season, seven bush- an acre planted, and while my hogs were years,-at a cost of one cent per pound
._ros. I had-come to think this one els. The second year it produced not poor to commence with, they had live weight, and in addition there is a
question aZ t settled here in Florida, twelve bushels. access to them abou' a month, and I did large quantityV of manure which lelt is
as it Tong has been in California, and Now, the reader must not jump at not feed exceeding two bushels of corn reallyinvaluable totheSouthern fai mer.
that we could give our minds to other once to- the conclusion that the paying during the whole process of fattening,, -American Agriculturist.
subjects about which there appears to yields of the two seasons were as seven I killed about fourteen hundred pounds
be much greater occasion for difference to twelve. The second year there was of pork, solid and sweet, and got as nice About Cotton Seed Meal.
.'of opinion and practice. But, behold! a large percentage "of small berries white lard as ever was seen. I think Prof. Jones. the leading and able
In a late number of the Dispatch an able which had to be culled out (though the one-fourth of the chufas are in t.h writer for the Southern Cultvatr, says:
writersays: "Clean culture has had its picking of them had to be paid for all ground yet, which my stock hogs. will Cotton seed meal isa higiiv nitrogenus
S day about here," and thus, in one bold the same), and even after these small get. I expect to plant five or six acres mCanuteedmomake n ge
dash, he sets aside allauthority, science, berries were thrown out, the rest this yarin the chufa,and I propose anurd oter thins beabundant fol retards,
fe dash, hersets chufdatdh(ifeandotherthinegs being equal retards
experienceand the -ombined knowledge averaged smaller than they did the first, fattening fiftyor sixty head ot hogs and. As failure to mature s one
and improved method, of this progress. year and would not sell as well in inland, too, that will not make over ten of thedefects of first years' new ground,
sive age, and, what is more, gives no market. Hence it would probably be bushels of corn.to the acre. large doses of cotton, seed meal do not
.4: reasons for thus ignoring well establish- more nearly correct, to place the yields of seem indicated. But ou the other han.,
Se principles.ot science. as well as the the two seasons in the proportion of The Weight of Tobls. as cotton grows off slowly on such land.
experience ot past generations and the seven to nine or ten. somethingto give it a good start-off is
plaiii teachings of nature. The second year the plants will ripen A subject which forms one ot the ele- omiable. Phng to phiv te i in m god st rate
To all such I would commend the ar- berries perhaps a week earlier than the mus .of trn economy is thus treated uaiies seems r hates maturity i
tide in the FARMER ..,NDrPFRT--GROWER, Ifirst-someimeg a few scattering ones of by a correspondent of the: New En- iru of its see d-producing tendncy.
of April 2ith, by H E. Lag.-rgren, two or >bree weeks earlier-but ,racii- gland Farmer: Hence a little eal and a fairaamount of
'Why do we C.ultivate?" and teqiiet a cal.y, so far as shipments of any com- Few farmers I suspect there are who phosphates seems indicated for a iist
careful study of it. and theu just tell us mnei.,inl size and value are concerned, stop to consider the weight of the tools c ear's new ground. Thirty pounds of
w. here the weak points are. what are til this difference will not amount to much. they work with, unless percluance they meal and 15. p:-.unds of phosphates for
fallacies, if any. or the mi.-interpreta- We decide then that ;t pays to carry are unusually heavv. But if the matter an acre might be used. For the second
tions of nature. I consider that. article plants over. Next. what shall we do .6 considered at all-and this is the time and third years' new ground uo special
worthy of a place in the scrap book of with them through the r iny season? of year to do it-it is easily evident that difference in the proportion between
every orange grower, to be studied, re- To, keep down all the crab-grass and a very little extra weight, a very little meal and phosphate is called for. Fifty
read and acted upon. (and it might be weeds, and the runners of the plants more than is needed, handliedover manv pounds of meal and 150 pouds ofphos-
well for the .anti-culturists to paste a themselves, through this season of lux- times in a day must exhaust a good deal phate per*acre will answer. For old,
copy in the crown tf their hats for con- uriant growth is a task of enormous of muscle that could be better expended. worn land the quantity of meal may be
lenient reference and possible absorp- difficulty, and most growers put the To illustrate, if a tool is butthree ounces largely increased; sav 100pounds of meal
iionU .No offense intended, gentlemen gordian knot with one masterly stioke heavier than it need to be, and many of to 150 pounds of phosphate.
friend.) by- doing-nothing. They let every- tbum are much more than that, and a
USAGE IN CaUlFORNtA. thing run wild, grow-at its.own sweet man handies.this three ounces but once o
As Thave referred to California, allow -will, until every strawberry plant is lost in a minute, in sixty minutes, or one Cabbage Worms, etc.
me to say that I hare followed, with to sight in the thicket of crab-grass, hour, he will have handled 180 ounces Cabbage worms never trouble an Eng-
-.some degree of care and interest, the dog fennel, Jerusalem oak, dollar-leaf, more than is necessary, and in ten hours lish gardenerof my acquaintance. When
methods practiced there, aid so far find field-weed, red-weed, sheep grass, goose- 1,800 ounces, or about 112 pounds that they first appear, he dissolves a table-
S no allusion to the subject of "clean cul- grass, blanket-grass, tickle.weed and is superfluous. This is but a light illus spoonful of saltpetre in a pailful of'tepid
.. ture," the matter seeming to be fully what of to this deponent) unnamed and tration, both as to the weight of waterand givestheplantsagoodsprink-
S settled and that, too, by aclassof enter- unknown and presumably) worthless the tool and the time it is ling. The worms wil disappear speedily.
pria'ng, intelligent. fruit-growers, many vegetation which grows perversely-and handled in, but it shows little things If they begin afti r a few days to appear
"of them educated, practical horticultur- contrariwise, 'with a rankness exactly count up-the importance of trifles. The again, renew the sprinkling and you will
ists from the East. The conclusions ar- propositioned to" its uselessness and in- farmer of all men needs to economize seldom have occasion to apply it a third
rived at there are well expressed by their versely to the luxuriance of those'things muscle and put every fibre of it where time. It promotes the growth of the
home authors on fruit culture and cog- which minister to our needs, as for in- it will show in the crops. Look well to plants too. Seeing him planting his
nate subjects.' stance, a stalk of corn, which, in the your tools, farmer, when you buy them melons, squashes and cucumbers. I ask-
1 quote first from a thoroughly, practi- same soil, would with difficulty attain and see-that they are just heavy enough ed him if the bugs would not destroy
cal work, "Orange Culture in California," the bigness of one's little finger. New and no more. It will be better for you the vines; He said le was never troub-
by Thomas A. G.r;y, page 39: If the land will not throw up such a growth as in more ways than one." You will get led by striped bugs. When he prepared
cultivation be.but partial and imperfect- here hinted at, but an old field will corn- .more work out of your help, more out the hills he planted'a.qcirdle .of beans six
ly.done, only a partial success will be pletely hide the strawberry plants so that of your horses, and it will all be done inches apart around the outer edge of
possible. .The soil must be kept mellow one can mow a considerable swath with pleasanter. each hill. The beans. wouldd come. up
and cleanat all times." which to feed one's horse at noon; and In order to make it a "pleasure to just before the melons, tc, would ap'-.
I now quote from a very thorough and of that swath the strawberry leaves will work" the first requisite isa to0l in-good pear. and no bug w o eld.ver molest the '
valuable wokk, by an. orange .growbr of constitute onlya-mere fringe, as it were. condition, and easy to work. And- be- vities. I haie'tried these 'twd fieddidld'
large experience, and extensive, observa- .- Such utter neglect as this cannot be sides these points gained, there"'is yet myself'for tfd, years'with" perfect sue-
tion, and hiro at every step of his.valu commended. The plants become swamp- another benefit to be derived from a cess.-Farm and Home. -
w. 8-. rL- 0W,
FRUIT AND VEGETABLE PACKING,
FORWARDING AND COMMISSION HOUSE.
+ +. -- o .- -- : -.
Usually have orders to work -our c.:.n-irnmnts rj.:, ernairg us E., make PROMIPI RETURNS
Extensive Facilities for Repacking
for outside parties, to v, l...:h pi:.nr.ti ii nten '.n e ia etI P ,k s..k:.E 6 ilfr.le for
SHIPPING ORANGES, STRAWBERRIES AND VEGETABLES.
both madeup andin the flat, always on hand, ar-1 i..rt ale.* A'-o. H..E.-r. Wrapping Paper.etc
Best of location, viz: ,
Cir.-',lars adn-i Steu,:ll.'.-n ailippliati,:n.
S., F. & \V. R. R. \VHARF,
JAC KsiN-TILLE. FLA.
flt size loo100 LAL a' on Lake Kingsley. Clay Co.. only 10. A
p feel In au 0. hoice 5-acre Iract for an ORANGE
GROVE Co01t 1 uh ,8100.
I H tigh rtn; P-, Lan-It.- L iuhr-,-: 7 limar., n,,,, m-et- F L
S ment,. "- .: 2--r-tn it- .r Ms .: ,:,r r r ni :' r L r I ,..
| BankDri, t:. T.itHN 'I. lALBt-, r. rtl get W.,runtiv-Dc-l, Tlq r L
.perfect, fr. e e
TROrICAT? -TA.AIT CO1VrA-mY-,
P. 0. Box 1I.'.Jaeksonm ille. Florida. 39 W. Bay St.
P. CHAMBERL.IN A. w. CUS'CADE -
Rea1 E tate Agencyo .
TAMPA, FLORIDA. Office: Twiggs S.. Ino Iblocks ast of Passenger depot.
ORIOLE, HERNANDO COUNTY.
Beatiriful tlo:ation, fa,-ig .--n Lake i:r.' : an-i -(,i the iS-.utth Florida Railroad.
Landl all nigh and idrv. New setrlemenL; between rmntry-flve and ihirty new hIouses.
A Churn-Ih, SScio.... .., ni')i. HlJ. re" I.kre-,ry., aa uilaw nd ni hotel. Large area already'planted
in .:,range gr.r:ves. Ch(.'-:Io .udlidg lon10t fr"r writer b-.ime- fk.r tale cheap. Ten, twenty and
f.,.r acre orange gr.v:.e iot:.. A healthy setelemen( in a healthy State
Call on or Address.
J. W. GROVES, or CLARKSON & ROBERTSON,
Oriole, Floiida. Jacksonville, Florida
W. N. JUSTICE
Wholesale Commission Merchant,
NO. 313 NORTH WATER STREET, PHILADELPHIA.
Sljp-,lit,e.: OUlTHERN FR.IT5 AND VEGETABLES. Co)nigrnenmet sollited. Return
a) adej.:.b da ')f --Sa
J-. O'. BLOUITTTT,
fl A T EsI'ATEr 3nOX333n.
Orange OGrov.-. Twn Lr'tsin Bartow. Wniner Bav-n. HakellU, Punta Gorda and Charlotie
Harbor. o S ale Unimprovei Lands. n smail and arg- rra-.'te. an 2 .Z per acre, up. Choice len
and f.rt.r ar- tracts-.p. :.r rd b.a riig P;BeLands, near S F R. R. depom. at $W2.to $86per
acne- Alt pr.,opry euaralniead in .h b a reprni r m.Dntd e .-in'vn refinde.i
S3? Minry Ljoansw. aell secured, neonsied at t Ii prr ct-ni net v. the teod,-r. -
What Mr. Beyer says:.pi,
best thanks for tie epip.did oee r-vved irom yor firm.
I wC.:.uld bc ratha:r hi nhv t ut if I lould name all, but
1 alillo ijulm-m-nal :firci, ani 3 accond premium
award.-, me at W C. Lr a is n Ncrthern rndiana and
--,:une.n M~.bijan,'as nir2, prem, ama were for v'eg.
abis saoii fr.-,m your ..eds. What Einrn an bDat
UShlsB? AUGaST Bayz, So. Bend, rnd.
See-d of th;s qnliy I ,ram now ready.to sell to every one
Swbo tils a fNrm cr pilots a garden, seeding hem PFEE my
egelable.and Flower .Serd Catalogue, for I67. Old customer-
need not wrtie frr iU. I catlalogue ibis lsaeon the native wn i
potato. JAB. J. H. GEBGORB,Seed Orower, Karblehead, ama
",. --'" -" "-- -. -
k+- .l- W '. ;- .. "
-*' .- .-'^'^-
FLORIDAFARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. JUNE 8, 1887.
+-' ++ JPrm.
THE NEW AGRICULTURE.
An Exposition of the System
by its Originator.
Editor Florida Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
Your letter of May 13th has been lying
on my table for days. Twice have I
striven to write an articleradescriptive of
my system waich will~wnform to your
ideas of brevity and perfection in all
ways,. but I have given up this. My
system is patented, nor was the patent
granted till the most eminent represent-
atives of the United. States Government
were convinced that 1 had found Out the
way to drain and- irrigate, irrigate
and drain, and bring about not merely
in production of crops, but in soils, at-
mospheric conditions and nearly all else
conceivable, a revolution so sweeping as
to amount to transformation.
SNothing In your letter so throws me
off my base as your reference to experi-
ments made by Mr. Marsh at Daytona.
His experiment, it is true, is but a modi-
fication of my Fystem: I send to you a
leaf from Coleman's Rural World, and
Sask you to read -the article from the pen
of Mr. J, G. Knhpp, of Limona, and
know to a certainty that this man has it
: right. Your State needs, and must have,
irrigation, or your whole people, so to
speak, must emigrate. Read thought-
Sfu"y and deliberately all stated in Mr.
.* Knapp's letter. Look the thing squarely
S in the face, and know that rain enough
falls during the summer months in your
State, were their- waters to be passed
through your soils precisely as I am
doing here, to transform them within
ten years from arid -sands without
enough of humus in them to pay cost
of cultivation, into those of rare fertility,
when compared with the present.
I simply sink a succession of trenches
longitudinally along water sheds, and
filling these half full of stones, round
and blocky, and after adding fine ones
till T bare an even surface for shingling,
cover with flat ones, breaking joints for
two or three layers as may be, -creating
elongated cisterns or reservoirs, .into
which are gathered the waters of rains,
Sdews and melting snows. My. trenches
are from four to five feet deep, since I
drop the waters below .the frost line of
coldest winter weather, holding them at
the dew point, or of ordinary spring
S My subsoil beiriga compact clay, holds
waer as a jug, and waters once in these
trernches-tind their way out by tbree ave-
n : ues. First. comes percolation from
Strenchli to trench, aerating, warming,
mellowing, infiltrating and rendering
coldest of claysand clods fertile and pro-
ductive to a degree pa4st. credence, re-
: leasing elements of fertility otherwise
latent, and where I four years ago had
no more than five inches of producing
Soil, I have
Sing has beci
the law of
t. he waters'
.-- perfect ear
+ ,- thirty inch
up and douw
:. dcine. Thee
of the rese
with fine t
S with gravel
stone. 1I CI
..f-- t lat stone o
S this region
: .* shingling a
S cavations bI
and a che,:
S: : Wherever
shed thus tLi
ing down in
soils is pro.
; elements of
i are relea.;ed
S and evenly
the only on
est gain, es
slow, and tL
of the hides
with one ga
with five a
more than t
I have no
as It cures,
by fervid s.u
cases, so thi
into. them i
no dore tht
S peas, petat
"; bles during
S- December a
4 hp.s in the
7 "- should sa
':. '. _. ^..jg.w
:.'- *y .measurably
the sponge; lifting up the waters by cap-
illary attraction, and the result would
amaze the world. Your people will do
well to procure artesian water for winter
use, since this varies from 70 degrees to
90, and its application to sub-irrigated
lands would make an end of frost and
drouth at the same time.I
Your lakes can be connected with
ditches, and vast areas can be thus sub-
irrigated at comparatively moderate ex-
pense. To trench all of your water-
sheds is what is needed. My work here
has been done with stone found in the
soil, and the cost has been considerable,
and yet I last year realized in the
midst of the most distressing drouth
experienced in this region since its set-
tlement by white people, at the rate of
five hundred bushels of Early Rose pota-
toes to the acre on lands partially sub.
irrigated. Where sub-irrigation from an
artificial source if supply was constan' ly
kept up, the yield reached 1,200 bushels
to the acre.
We are again suffering fearfully from
drouth, very little rain in April, in May
none at all thus far. Seeds are not ger-
minating, and grass is suffering. My
subsoils, still moist from waters of melt-
ing snows, give inspiration to plant
growth, and the effect is one of marked
contrast with lands on other portions of
my farm and on those of my neighbors.
I have a model little meadow of timothy
and clover nearly ready to cut, which
will, the last of this month, show at the
rate of three tons, at least, to the acre.
A second crop in July, a third in Sep-
tembe.r, and a fourth or-aftermath in
October or November, can be safely
calculated upon. This little plat of two
rods by six, will this year, however much
or little of rain, show from ten to fifteen
tons of hay to the acre,- since it is so
situated that I can flow water beneath it
once or twice a week. A constant flow
of water would send it up to highest
point ever realized on meadows, irri-
gated summer and winter alike, in Nor-
mandy, of eighty tons of green grass to
the acre annually.
No man who has not had my experi-
ence could credit his own senses. -I last
year grew a single strawberry to the cir-
cumference of 11 inches.- This was pre-
maturely picked, or in fwo ra1y. longer
would have reached a foot around it, I
grew quinces as large tas a pint bowl, in-
creased the size of the Lombard plum to
that of the egg plum, and so filled the
trees with fruit as, to show an opaque
mass, and to see through the-tree was
Mr. Marsh, at Daytona, has only made
a beginning. All lands in. Florida, by
use of shell, crushed sand rock or co-
quina ,for construction of trenches, can,
bemade more productive than any I
have ever seen. Tle entire State can be
made tropical, and the Balhamas will be
found nowDhere by thie side or it. I know
this-it is absolute fact.
SWELLSVILLt. N. Y., May 23, 1887. ;
he will be for punchlirng .ill is land and
filling it upwitl, mucLk. The dialoa2e
will last I am no able to sty lihow luing,
for I have no knowledge of the contin-
ued use of charcoal or --float muck.
The latter is found. in compact bodies
floating on the water, and at low water
lodged on the edge of the shore. Through
its absorbent qualities, in the course of
time it proves to, be a fertilizer equal to
the old muck deposits found on and near:
LADY LAKE, FLA.
FLORIDA A UNIQUE STATE,
Her Geographical Position and
The following is the greater portion of
Judge Knapp's aitiole in Colman's Ru-
ral \Voi d, to ihie-h Mr. Cole makes
such complimentary allusion in his
article on irrigation :
All that portion of Florida lying south
of the 29th parallel, is in the belt of the
northeasterly winds; and from this may
be contra distinguished from. all theother
States, which lie under the, currents of
the westerly winds. From this cause
alone, Florida from meteorological con-
ditions should not be included with even
"Georgia, Alabama, : Mississippi and
Louisiana in climatic conditions or crop
While con-idering Florida as lying
under the influence of the northeasterly
trade winds, it must also be oboerv,.d
that it lies- in the arid belt. extending
from the Ganges in India, acro-s Persia,
Arabia, Egypt. and the Great African
deserts, on the east of the Atlantic and
the equally arid regions of Southern
Texas, Chihuahua, Sonora anl Souti
California. One result of this position
maybe observed in the dry season of
April, May and the first half of June. .
The extension of the trade winds to-
wards the north at the summer sols ice
brings over this State, and especially
over its southern half, the tropical rains
%ilhich fall in daily showers. or several
times during the week, until about the
'vtEith of Sept-r.wher. This rainy season,
witht the temperature ranging between
70 and 90 F., destroys nearly all the
grasses ranked as the poas, such as the
ib'lie grasses, tin'oithv and orchards, and
all the clovers- and lucernes of the
Northern States and Europe :share the
same fate. Wheat is sure to fail with
the rust brought on by rains and heavy
dews and bright sunshine, during Feb-
ruary and March. Oats are apt to
Le equally affected; only those acoli-
mated by often replanting in this State,
stand any cliance ,f success. Corn,
which should be planted at this place in
January to escape the attacks of the
cotton-boll worms and aphides, often
suffers fr-rm the ditughti of April and
May. The grasses that seem be-t adapt-
led to this region are of panicumn families.
Of these crab-grass and crow-foot, make
excellent hay, from their summer
j' 1A IFLAND NLiItPiERIE~.
GARDENING IN CALIFORNIA.
One of the Peculiar Features of
Florida's Rival State.
Byron D Halstead writes from Santa
Barbara, Cal., to the Country Gentleman
For a market garden in this region,
water applied in large lquantiries is a.
fist essential. Nothing-can be grown
without some form of irrigation, unless
it be the co rse grains and eome of the
larger. fruits.- The market -gardens -of
Santa Barbara are only a short distance
from the seashore and only a few feet
above high tide mark. The land is
doul ',tl.ss the. an,' ijt contri|-,utioi' of the
ocean to the t 1iore. The soil ts fine, and
when enriched by a liberal supply of
mnianure, it produces an almost endless
amount of the finest \eaetable--. Tilhe
reader must bear in ,ilud lthat this laudl
can be occupied with crops throughout
,the whole year. There is no winter
freezing of the soil so that it cannot be
worked. It is now the middle of Janu-
ary, a time of- year when the old alma-
nacs used to say, "now lookout for a
cold snap," and the gardens here re-
semble those around the eastern cities
when seen in May and June.. In short,
there is nothing that the market gar-
dener grows that cannot be had at the
The soil of the surrounding country in
very dry and vegetation is at a stand-
still. Everything upon the unwatered
foot-hills is as brown as the dry, hard-
baked earth that forms the bottom of
every "cow-path." Here and there a
green patch may refresh the sight and
t'form a re't;ug place for the weary eyes.
The secret of the wonderful changes in
the scene is water. There is either a
natural spring, the. source of which is in
some undiscovered i-eres in the moun-
tains, or elee a pi4e or ditch LIrs brought
the invigorating liquid dorwn from ithe
hills above. These growing spots, whi-h
resemble green patches upon an old
brown garment, teach the value of
water. The market ardener hmas learn-
ed tljhis leson. He woulId as soon think
of growing lettuce and beets without the
watering-(an as without seed or soil.
Tte water supply is. therefore, the fist
consideration in growing vegetables in
this dry and sunny climate. A sufficient
quantity at a reasonable price must be
secured at the outEet. The water from
the mountains has a definite market
value. .-For example, the water for a
a horse in Santa-Barbara is 50 :-e-n ts per
month; the same for a cow; and for
other animals, for families, and for use
in flower gardens and lawns, in the same
proportion. -At this rate the ,arge
amount of watrr used on an acre rof
market garden would cost more than the
crop nould bring. nmany times over.
Yesterday I visited the largest market
garden in this vicinity, and wvitne-sed
the method of watering as there in prcc-
m P 1- i 1.. .. ... II_ -I
ROYAL PALM NURSERIES
Pare tL'rp-caL; ,-,rnanent ii A -J fruit plans for
opiaen air'-il[''re i t Fl-.r-ia. an-i f-r the Nc.Wi n-
c-rni greeubtie. Al]), a ful linue rf enit -rropt-
;:ai trees.-[tiat6 and gr.- ra.e, ;ind general nur.
i-rv 't-:,--k 'r1i-tEd to Florida arnd [ni, -utn.
Exoti. front India. Au.rraia find the We~t
[ndI, manliv of thim nere heb-ite IrTO-inced
inty tue .'rinite-I tateS.
Thrl I .:.-" np::, Ipl-te je, l i|.[ir" Iarnljne (t
Cr-,ipa l an-id enii.-troiall plants pu.lbcJ iD
Amerea. aim lg-ue ,taide-, l,.ot-paid, on ra-
c'epl .'f l tce ,nt6. i-- t. aILili' .-merE '
RE %liNER BROS..
IFctCn NICE tiOLDEE VOUNI ''RANGE
1 Cnn NICE BDDPIrEYOUN-' ,C--RANGE
From 20 10o 40 Cents enach. T-S to 1 1-4
ctour stalks and sweet (sedlirrE at prces to
suit patrons. A.A. PRESBREY,
J APAN I LEVER ANTE TURF GRASS
APAN (CLOVER AND TURF GRAES
, iLe d'pil :-i Jtrciil, -it' PFi j'tli hi i Flt,, ti ,'ttlt e i
Illustrated and de.:-ibed In FL-:-RIDA FA.MaR
ANt, FaRiU iROWER.
now five feet, where trench- growths; the smut gras, eleusines and twice. mThere are several large wells piac- Suppli..e. a. $1.0 I0prt,,. a,,.
f done to that depth. A NEW USE FOR MUCK. paspaluims make excellent pastures on ed at about equal distances from each --
for percolati,,n. Next comes A u. :daump lands; and on similar grounds the other throughout the garden. They are T. K. GODBEY, waldo. Florida.
capillary attraction, lifting Lands be Both Para soon will cover the surface with a dug down square and with sloping sides,
as a -sponge, since I create a How bandyLad May beBoh Imeuffurtuga
ha sponge from eighteen to a and Da inetuifurfnuiritiousgrass. TheG,'inea beingabout ten eet in diameter at the, BAYPORT.
es in depth, by providing a to Irrigated and Drained. grass for dry lauds and the Para for top. The water was within fromsix toten
es in depth, by providing a AT COLEMAN. damp lands make fine meadows, which fet of the surface. Over each well is a Hernando County, Eloiida,
cession mifes west c-f HernandBYHMtTl,0Br'oI
session of trench slope or uing I have read several articles on irrigield a ton of hay to the ace, five framework supportinga pulley that bears See mile ws f Hrndo H l, Brooks
n the hisside, slope or -in- 1 have read several articles on irriga- times during the vear. These are suf- a rope with a large tin bucket attached ed.-t, ihe sor, .c the '. f att1 tHmouth of a
e we sunk to half the depth lion and drainage mu Florida. and as yet ficiently hardy to" endure any cold that to each end. A large spout leads fiom hea-rifprng Rilr. Flne.t fishing, boating
rvoiers, and partially filled none seem practicable. On marl or will ever fall upon the south half of the the well landing to a trough, through a u eg a
one take, from the soil, or tenacious clay lands water can .be car- State. Ricedoes well dutig the rainy which the water is conveyed to apool aoodacmmdationTrywe
, and shingled also with flat ried by ditches, both for imrigatton and seson uron land whic may bedmy dur- vat nade of bonids to receive it. ThisH
season ui'on land which may be dry dur'- vat, made of boards to receeive it.. Ths T-ark Luls.
united to sav that after the drainage, but in the lake region o g e spig mnts. vat broad at the op, wit a square i. S. LEtL A .,
ir shingle ar~e applied, 1, in Florida. in the porous sa nld, this rule wilt1 ing t~h spring mouths. vat is broad at L he top, with a ,.uare S. SL 'E'NU 'LL CO.,
r shingle are applied, I, in Florida in the rus sand, his ill The inference to be drawn from the in- central place nearly afoot deeper than .:
of firm sod, add on top of the not work. Tile drainage is a nuisance, adaptability of the poa and clover fami- the Furrouiding part aol with uprignt ; : .- .v-
gEood laying-of sod, trodden az the salantander has lpro~vedi. Fc~i suE-h C'
good laying-of sod, trodden as the salamander has proved o a levsuel lies to this climate. and from the success sides. It is somewhat like a great grain TOYES, -
a the cl:,d and clav of the ex- lands, with the water seepon level Guinea and Para. and as far as hopper, but with traced sides instead -- ,
being pulverized aare returne.l with the lake, and red or chalky clay expermneuts have Peen tried with tf e of a gradual incline. .- : -
*keri ard in fl so to speak, of surface I havom one a plan to six uggeet rm the non-saccharine Eorghum, as the Kffr This garden, if not owned by China- CROCKERX
ing in fl-, w and percolation is surface, I have a plan t sges. crand the millo maizs, these em men. is worked b them.
PrE,-oure a thin piece of ._h'etl Lreel 15 ern, andthe millo maimes, these sent nen. is worked by rhen. The watering
ar f rains, dew inc ot t o ii o,:inc toem,:.nstrate that.-verrheeu tire sou th vas being done byv five Celestials. Two : ,LASSWARE
waters from-ains, ,ews ,y9inch. (ttouastip.ih wi Ialf of the State. the food and fodder ot them wer- at one of the wells, rapidly LAMPS, -
a snows fall upton a water arid 12 inches long ,j one e.de te 1 plants must be sought for and found in raising the large buckets and emptying 5 -,
te.ted, these disappeai- fl- minc length. Make two rivetrilso oare3hvn
i.toted, tnchese disappseachr, fall- inch length. Mae tto riet uiles on Ecountries having climatic c.ondliions their content; into the trough. The IL STOVES, "
and the water rises te point a itaoleu 3 inches thenrod a ton itwel dte similar to its .-wn. Everything thos far calter three Chinamen, with bare arms OL
and the water risesnch to point a siMtoge iro rod so a okt. anwd twhe 3 tried, which originatesor thrives by cul- and tiowsers that did not come below -R GOODS
a it moves flrrom tren al complete it i s an op-n petu and wchen tivation in India and Japan. thrives in the knees, were provided with shoulder BAR O S,
out erosion or roil, and all complete it is an pen punc. inches in thi part ',f the State. while plants from vokes each hearing two large wateug
id washing away of s-rface diameter. 13 inches in length tor hold- Norther States ad Europe can nt pota. The pool, or vat, w as 'uil of : FNVAR
vided against. If there are ing dirt. and 3 inches space for sockette Norther StaEs and urope can ni- t The pool, or vat, was full of WOODENWARE.
fertility in subsoils. these hlindile, and holes to riveton handle, and survive. The nw.et p,-tato. cassava and water, and each bare-footed Chinamen
and become foiod for plants.s inch ssce ad pusho tile dirt out with atra w root fl-urish as well here as with his empty buckets ran into the --
Iand become food for plants. inch spice ro push the dirt out with a nois:and in all the s.:,ut~h- pool, aud .%itb motion that is quicker -.:" ,,
are applied to the sutiface of spike when raised, taking one foot of in te tropics and in all the suthi- ol an with a motion that is quper d
are dropped down in solution dirt at a aising, and making on an e.,n half of the State the sugar ae one than described, e had h is pots PRICES -THE LOWEST.
distributed in iqtnid forms. average 6 to 10 feet an tour. according riipens to tasseling. Uinlees the bread filled and passed out on the opoosite side
es by which vegetation can to the subsoil. The handle for punch grain can be produced here, as it is in of the pool. He quickly trotted along C. S. L.ENEWGLE & CO.,
ed. s should be l. feet long, of straight grain- Inia, from the non saccharine varieties thP path until he came to the desired
aers leaving the trenches ed pie timbeet o s r of the sorghums, it would seem th:,t place, and then turned into a narrow JAKSONVLLE FLA
waters leaving the trenches ed pie timber, ore-ed round, tree of Florida mus6 forever be dependent upon alley between the beds of vegetables.AKNLLE, LA
w and percolation, and lifted splinters, and where it enters the socket or u s C r en tupon ae te rit beds of vegetables.
v. attraction, also float away no larger than the punch. and tapering other countries Cur its dlour; though Hcrie the watering-pot on the left end of LEY, GROVEB a 'o.,
ion. Here is here he great- to the upper end. where secure a tapwthere is a posilility that by planting the yoke was tipped to the right in front p RO R A Co.,
ion. Hereis where he great- to the upper end where secure a pe d eat grown in the valleys inland ,f the body, so as to discharge its con- STATE AGENTS FOR
specially in Florida'soils, is sufficient to receives a inch rope. Then Bombay and Camba. might su ents on te naLrow bed to te right,
,IvapEoratiun through soils is make another handle like the one, de- from Bombay andl Cam bay. night suc- tents on tlie nairow bed to the right, SAEAET O
e vapor n through soils this scribmake another a ramrod, id if convene- ceed even in Scuth Florida. The value while the other watering-pot was tipped RAS IN FERTILIZER CO'S
acting of the whiteroots and haul up some float muck from the lake, of a successful result, with the great directly forward and mingled its heavy
3Of tie grasses. That in Cali and if not. procure H ome crushed char- probability of success, should warrant a spray with that of its mate. The posi-
,of the grasses. That in Call- and if not, procure some crushed char- 9 xeiet iwr hne hntesrnlu OLUABLE SEA ISLAND GUANO
sub-irtigation will do as much coal by burning the -pine timber in a trial of such experiment. trons were changed when the sprinkling SOLUABLE SEA ISLAND GUANO
iub-rllon of water as can be done kiln. These are all the tools and mate- I have been greatly gratified with the was on the opposite side of the narrow
applied to t-he surface, I am rialn necessary for irrigation and drain- spirit of inquiry manifesting itself path. The Chinaman keeps up a slow DISSOLVED BONE AND ALKALI
In Florida, on lands of firm age. among the sparse population settled in trot as he passes along the beds and PHOSPBATE,
a gallon of water will do If -ou esire to irrigate. a bearing he piney woods and sandy tracts of this the water just lasts to the end. The P A T,
taweny applieon t o the s surface, grove, punch holesre 0feet i rrigatea eand flg rei^n But they are too poor to bear water carrier quickly turns: enters the n WHOLESALE DEALERS N
dout.. te e uawiharemuk a hedxpns oipocrin.te ecssryAND WHOLESALE DEALERS IN .
wenty apped to asah the csurharcalace, grove, punc holes feet and tie expense of procuring the necessary pool in an opposite direction from that
doubt whatever, sice. asa them upwit, theb krOcreoland seeds for experimentation. They are taken the last line, and passes on out to rr AND PRODUCE
irrigation kills as frequently press it down with the ramrod. Fil up alive to the necessity of making the anter part of thegarden When all the FRUITS AND PRODUCE.
bringig out"thwhiteroot; o withn.3.inhes.ofthe to ofth fullya".i"ve oan"est o aig another part of thegarden. Whenall the
tbr, nging out tie white root to within -3 inches of the top ol the experiments, but ite-y need assistance, beds in this vicinity are watered, the
ce, and thisis quickly roasted eaith, and- ish ith t e loose man things succeeding here T, work is continued from another pool .
ins and burning sands. When desired tor vegetables or truck e w hich bad their ort gin iun the Indian pe- work hv e n fille fromt he Get our Pres before buying.
rm. subsoils are found. I am farming.the Clay Lshould be within one whihhdteito i nte ninP-wch may have been filled fromnthe Gtu~ices before buying.
iem subsoils are mound, I am farming .toe cla shoruc be nwithn hole insula, China and Japan, that they the same well but through a different
believe that in a majority of or two feet of the surface and the holes could be readily induced to take hold of trough Tis watering is a daily exer- Canada Hard-Wood Unlea-hed
at these lie near enough to 10 feet apart, and if the water seep be c- b r n d to te ldt trough. T.ils watering is a daily exer-
t.omae i practicable to d not more.than10to .. the te work of making trialsof new plants, ciseaswell asadaily necessity, unless ASUES
to make it practicable to dip not more than 10 to 15 teet trom the if furnished with the mean of staring, good fortune favors the marketman and ASHEItTn
constructing reservoirs, if surface all the better. This should be i unse i- h en fsatngo otn aoste akta n
n constructing teseoirs, if surface all the better ste astnouh uce with brief descriptions for cultivation. he enjoys a shower. There has been Cheapet fertilizer in uee, and free from no--
,~ fe inches, ths na be don at lo wae stge as t..he punc.h : eejr n baetfriie nue refo
ad wi th w ater during your wioe anot hold dirt after stage, aches water. Several of my neighbors have joined me only one rainy day this winter, and ions weeds. Supplied in car lots of 12 or more
d with water during your w not o irt after it reaes we idtrials f different varieties of the sor- every one is anxious to see the clouds tons. Guaranteed free of rubbish. Put up in
n. as to make the growth of The muck is a powerfi. absorbent of. ghu vulga re, teosinte, and some o. the gather for another rain. barrels Price and. free on applICtion.
oe -cabbage, caulifower, moisture. It absorbs thbe moisture from rank.growing millet for feed ani fodderAddr Tewartt-h dnrsu-sBx-
rank^S^S ^ ^ ^^ ~lT^TH O Napanee, OntarioCanada.
is and other fruitsand e-get- athLe water seep below and disseminates The wateraEbaePthe gardeners-usetisgBoxr4O7lNoea o r ,. ,ttrnroBx1N n r o
thentothrs d fh~i stock, aundithe outlookriseahrewadY douibtless frTom'tehseaeandr is nt ftbe for"CO 'N[KE + D
th ots'fNovembter,- it through the-porous surface soil ir. dryfo entcouragnd g.heourok srleadet(OyGEET FEG
nJaurpacticible and weather, and drainsoff chesurpls yate ,ghl5 noiy n.Ot-raetwaat dcubless f prpom tes.Tee arendisnotfthefor b SGMN FEG
is ageanuarpu at...ag..r diversityof. foodplantscuinar oe gaCHICKENS RUIo.ooND
ca degree past human calcu- :when flooded with too much rain, leaves that wil'thrive through our warm, rain 'dens, however, no signs of any salt that COUNTRYPRODUCE
person besides myself, per- no stagnant water to sour and poison seso. ., might he left by evaporation. It.is for- SOLICITED BY
I. entire world, realizes the plant ford, mellows and enriches the soil LMNA FLA May 3 1. tunate that this kind of water is easily J. H. SJTHERLAIND,
Ssub-irigation, or. perhaps everyyear. Thechemicalsabsorbed from LIM-NA, FLA., May 3, l.. ad cheaply obtained. No vegetable WHOLESALE PRODUCE
ly subsoil irrigationin it s below, have an ahnity for the organs in gardens have been found in the upper S f, COM MSON ECHANT,
nse. the surface soil, disseminate themselves It Is said that 30,000,000 cans of con- part of the town, and the people very JAI0SONVUL .
.-your' lands can al["be im- and-make plant food, such as' some denied milk were put upon the market generally depend upon the low seaside _..
-beeflted-b saturatin'gyour farmers try to purchase every year and ,last year by. what isknow.n as the Anglo gardens tor their'daily. supply of vegeta-
h-water: These subsoils can and then complain they don 't get it. Swiss Company, producing thi sugared bles, from a dozen radishes to a cau END OUR
.too' wet- whether of'fsands r Anyone who has a suitable piece of article.. A company has been organized flower or a cabbage. Wren the water Di "r
'nply becomes necessary to land can try a.smaUll piece for-experi- in Ilinois which will.operate under .pat .ippl for. a small grass plat costs $2 a JOb rirC .
dust fwateiloggingby-intro- ,menr. It'-Iwillnot cost a great deal of- tent recently. issued. producing -milk .mouth it does not; pay to grow vegeta .... JO ROM
flows; aad'ihreby cetin ny,,broime;and i satsdcto-ry minus the.sugar-. bles- e TO THE TIMES-NIOI JOB ROOMS.
" .'--.- -". .. .. .. ...- -
1.- =.,<.-,i+;'.-g.-, _+ -- -.-.- _--- ,. -. : :. .- ._ .
-i ..-, ,-,. .- :- .. .. "-"-" -.. -
..--.. -- "--...-.--.. _. ---
Pf T 1 --:---- +- .-1111 fln
-ALL. VARIETIES OF-
OIANGFE AND LEM.-N- TREES.
BuRio .-t pl',.;.,l .-.n emanil sto-lks,but t.:n xs rh
a .lrge and fine s9.;. .
ti'c .-er'eaC i 7,- LV.p -ilt orthe **.
-- -EA.kLY *SPJUTAf-I-4 N liVF-; I- -
.- ,thic ,i'r'liieit r~ii'.:iy1
:TOHITI LIMES'andcl Y
VILLA.FP. XNC A tEMON'l,
and can show trees o0 rn: i! rt-q iat ,[:,.i tlie
cold lastwinter as well a i the .Or nge, andi
'NOW HAVE TRUlT [T UPN THF.M.:
: kel .] aO! 'it ,l'' ue. --
SE D KEDNEY & CAAEY,-.'
P 0. Wj-I.-'. ,rk Fla
BLACK COW PEAS
Make bhet TviD.' f.-.r rertiliz;Dg ,,r forage.
Price 81.35i per Bushel.
CHOICE WBITE BLACK-EYE PEAS,
$1.50 per Bushel.
OiO R. REYN'*LD'l,
)DEVOTED TO THE
Tr!7 t .:.urel -il haive fo r &ii l,.t.lhr o.'heet
the pr n--, .t1.r,: e f tul.ti in rleitr nn Florida. and
w,,'P ad.:":nrf- c-pl' i .'!?jl y |'rLh th ctr:r nl~'rie'h(,,A1 d ;;
ip ,ad-,- -a.: -i p ie,:.ii ;, n--re irih re'hi h ;
al"D,:., i~v tr.i i n n r',e eLorihti.
ec.16m -."o'iie~ ,tn wihle rei l -: U ie lll.rh dc =
tin- unug [,, h E t te- -t r,.' ,r[W". .1- "'1-1 t-'S(-
Tlrg, tic r. -` ':'n -.- Fioil an v-t int uiper-
lectt7 wlil]:ert..o:r, 1 61,: r,,il 1 o0 .Of tfhe K-unIal
thl hie t. Ic- r.,lr-b the gM-[ recuple -w ch nave
L.ce; a- -nrpbsb.i. uth t1nc -XraC niwetbhd1 em-
p!.:rved'. ind all eifluact'f- tit ch t ae EUch are -t;
A5i6. Er. lig,:e--lC I\1-x ',ifriln. 6i,-irb-e newor,, tLWO
knowt Lr.-:p irtit, LL. a i ric-.:rd the proirres8
o'f [ rc.clruire a ni;.g bring Stlrre6.
Conirae.r 'ng wwlh tCbeei atirnit.-r and con-
ha lr;ng tiroinrtih ,e. a-on forwr n
Other Ai lU b e- ., ,r ie *.-f arti-.le con in'iil-torber
than rhb.-'. of or
vie T[C w t1e wi decried an d
An di tl,:-,e iL'l i enot .-- rrn,. per6.nd- %hohbave
hed evx.erer.i f in irs 'irtyftrlon Ths Will be
toli .--we- vn ia il ltr a le utr or ,-n.
Anid n ieC'i i be lSW lbee tL iltC, --It a t -ab li i et
Mitreh atei,tlior n-ti d h b- her- -id to
IC th' Fie h l- d pr i,,.tn'offotage andfarrtil-
zers, rwti, ?.?:.n..iie6 n-hi-:h are ec',eDnlal Cto cUe-
Quect1-n1e hc l'ItVc t -)adrienb[ Of domeamic
J n 11T3 -aiUW dii Ln., tc-r-d by an able veterinary
-urge-on wIh.i forierielv diid a-like department
or i no
Turf, Field and Farm.
SAdne amsont of pace will be devoted to'
housebold econmrny and to reports of the mer-
kets, and the departments of
will be'contributed to by persons who have made -
specialties of those branches.
AllI portions of the State wtll receive a duei.
amount of attention, and their interests will beI.
represented by able correspondents.
Under no circumstances will tbisjoarnma be-;
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sent all sections and interests with atholute im-
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C. H. JONES & BROi,
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-A. H. CU~jRlTISS^fEditor
"- C' -^ '- B ^ A ^
Al AI.AND NURSERIES;
41 Eart Bay Stre1t,
The Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower,
A. H. CUKTISS, Editor.
C. H. JONES & BROTHER, PUBLISHERS.
Office Cor. Bay and Laura Sts.
THE'FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT
GROWER is an eight page 48 column illustra-
ted weekly newspaper, devoted to the Farm,
Garden, Orchard and Household Economy
and to the promotion of the agricultural and
industrial interests of Flori da. It Is published
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C. H. JONES & BRO.,
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
FBasT PAGE-Forage Seed for Fall Sowing;
Grape Culture for Florida (IIllustrated); Plant-
ing Grape Vines; Pruning the Fig and Ba-
nana; Horpticltural Notes ;-Birds to be Protected;
Reclaiming'Wet Lands (Illustrated)'; Favorite
Bo:-ler Plants illustratedd); English Sparrows
i.i the South; The Melon Worm; Hardiness of
the Olive; Barren Pea? Trees.
scowND PAGE-Clean C alture of Groves; Straw-
berry Culture; The Merits of the Chufa; The
Weight of Tools; Culture of Nut-Bearing
Trees; A.Valuable Fodder Plant; About Cdt-
ton-Seed Meal; Cabbage Worms and Squash
THIRD PAGE-The New Agriculture; A New Use
for Muck; Florida a Unique State; Gardening
FOURTH PAGE (Editorial)-Acknowledgments;
Judge Kelley on Florida; Drainage and Im-
migration;- Looking Facts in the Face; Gran-
FIFT PAGE-(Edited by Helen Harcourt); Our
Home Circle; Cosy Corner; The Family Friend;
Our Young Folks' Corner.
SiXTH PAGE-Horsewith Inflamed Eyes; Dreneh-
'ing Horses; Remedy for Founder; Lice on
Cattle: -rater:s::i Lire t',,-k, Exp,-rrants
with C'uiotS eed; HRrilT Ireamient ,: i- Cow;
Br eei4-ag .Tcrsey Heifers; Salting Butter with
Brine; A -'a-i, Dairy: About U Merjio hbeep;
Di'eae;.:. Poiirry; rie Apiary.
SEVFNT.Hr PtG--Farm Bh'_,ii:llry '(lllustrated);
Every one who visits Florida feels him-
self called upon to give an opinion of
the State, by writing or word of mouth,
either to his circle of acquaintances or
to the public through the press. The
result is that Florida is more widely
misrepresented than any other State.
The average winter tourist has a poor
opportunity of forming a just estimate
of this State. His thoughts are intent
on the orange and the orange region,
and he quite ignores the beautiful and
very different portion of the State, which
stretches westward from Lake City 800
miles, He floats dreamily over the la-
goons and marshy streams -of Eastern
Florida, loiters along their banks, intent
on finding flowers, alligators and or-
anges, striving to find something in re-
ality to match those matchless speci-
mens of typographical anl chromatic
art which are put forth as hand-books of
The tourists' impressions are biased
much by the chances of weather and
other circumstances. The young ladies
are apt to go away enthusiastic over
"fair Florida," while those who base all
opinions on pecuniary considerations,
have previously made up their minds
that a State-whose leading products are
universally known to be flowers, alliga-
tors and oranges, is nof a good place for
money-getting, and therefore not to be
recommended for permanent residence.
Nearly all base their opinions on very
limited and superficial observation, and
few indeed come to know one-half of the
State as it is, or to appreciate the extent
of its actual, though imperfectly devel-
oped, resources .
A subscriber in New York City writes:
."You haveno idea what trouble we have
to find out anything about Florida that
can b5e belitreve." Considerins that dia-
metrically opposite reports of this State
Serial Story, For Honor's Sake, by Farjeon, are widely circulated by interested and
EIGHTH PAGE-State. News in Brief; The Re- designing parties, who scruple at noth-
claimed Landz; Brd Gossip; Jun.: W.atcrr; Lng that will serve their purposes, we
Reports of the ew York anD Ja.:k:..r'dl hardly see how any discriminating per-
__------- son can expect to understand Florida
S -: ACKNOWLEDGMENTS, without visiting the State. It is but
S' -'- rarely that any account of Florida ap-
We have-still on hand a portion of a pears in print which does not betray
box of oranges sent. us on the 22d of selfish interest in the subject, ignorance
March-by Mr. Matt Coleman, of Lady of it or superficial judgment. -
Lake, Sunater. Only-one orangein the A notable exception to this rule is pre-
box has molded, and, all have retained sented in a very long and able letter
their juice remarkably. Both as to ex- published in the Ballimore Manufactu-
icellence of flavor and keeping quali- rear's Record, of May 28th. The writer is
ties, we doubt if this fruit could be sur- the Hon. Win. D. Kelley, of Pennsylva-
passed. There was. not enough rust on nia, a man of national reputation and of
the fruit to materially assist in preserv- distinguished ability, as is attested by
ing it. At first; we considered the fruit the fact that he is now serving his four-
rather coarse in texture and only of av- teenth term in the House of Representa-
erage flavor, but, like wine, they have ties. Mr. Kelley came to Florida for
constantly improved, until they have relaxation after'the adjournment of
become almniost equal in most-respects to Congress, as he did once before, in 1875,
the Mediterranean fruit we received and he brought with him the unfavora-
from Rev. Lyman Phelps last winter, ble impressions acquired during his pre-
This fruit wasproduced, we understand, vious tour, which was made when
by the peculiar method of propagation means of travel and accommodations
described by Mr. Coleman in a previous for travelers were very limited and un-
issue of the FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. satisfactory. His tour then was con-
Fruit gathered in February or March fined to thle St. Johns and Ocklawahariv-
keeps much better than that gathered ers and St. Augustine, and he left, as
earlier. All orangegroiwersshoull leave he tells us, simply from ennui. Of this-
enough on their trees at least for sum. journey he says: "The controlling im-
mer use. These should be picked early pression I received was that at some pe-
in March, if bright, and if rusty, toward riod when, by the dec-ay of successive
tbe last of the month. Then. if wrapped growths of her luxurious vegetation,
and packed, they ought to keep till the Florida should have been lifted out of
middle of summer. They may also be thlie water, she would probably be a safe
kept by [packing in dry earth, or by coat- and agreeable home for human beings.
ing them with mucilage. Green oranges She was apparently without resources.
frequently h.ave a good flavor by the and was, as she still to some extent is. a
first of September, and by adopting ferr, iicoyiitia."
proper methods, we are confident that What changes have transpired during
Floridians. at least, may enjoy Florida this interval of thirteen years In 1875
oranges the year round, the journey from Savannah to Jickson-
A correspondent on the Halifax writes ville occupied sixteen hours; now it is
that he has had such good success in accomplished in five hours. Then there
selling late oranges that be intends here wcre 484 miles of railroad in the State;
after to take the risk of frost rather than now there are 2,000 miles, and all in far
that of early marketing. That is what better order. Cities have doubled in
we have urged for years. Unless an ef- population, flourishing towns have
fctual method iof preserving early- grown up out of the wilderness, and
picked fruit be brought into service, we counties then scarcely heard of have be
counsel all to take the chances rather come populous and wealthy.
than force the fruit on the North at the Judge Kelley, however, does not treat
season when the North is buried in. of thie subject in this hackneyed man-
snow. ner. He first traces out the causes
We have also to tender our thanks which retarded Florida's progress up to
for a fine box of oranges just received the time of his first visit, and then seeks
from our esteemed friend, Joseph Robles, for natural resources upon which to base
of Tampa. One-half of the box contains expectations of increasing prosperity.
remarkably large fruit, which is begin-! Being a friend of Mr. Disston, he is. of
ning to grow pithy. The other half course, interested in the drainage opera-
-contains fruit gathered from another tions, and gives a concise history of the
tree, which are -very juicy, high flavored
and with but few seeds. A year ago,
perhaps on this very day of the month,
we were sitting under Mr. Robles' grape
fruit tree, regaling ourself with its lus-
cious fruit. The great yellow spheres
were dropping from the branches and
lying about in Hesperidean profusion.
What is more refreshing on a hot day
than a grape fruit? Mr. Robles writes
that his orange trees are putting forth a
late bloom, from which he expects to
obtain a fair crop, judging from his ex-
perience in former years,
JUDGE KELLEY ON FLORIDA.
*' '; .--------
L : -: --'=,-"1 ', *' t>
. 7 ;.S..- "^ ..-, ..-,-.-.: ..* ;
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. JUNE 8, 1887.
I, Disston enterprise, which we intend to tables and lawn grass about their them in abundance, the most beautiful count of white ants. whizh seem t
reproduce before long in the FARMER houses, will do well to adopt this sys- and fragrant that the earth produces. thrive excellently in it. It should h
'I AND FRUIT-GROWER On the last page tern, but for ordinary purposes it could We might go on prospecting, for the mixed with sulphate of potash freel
field is an almost never-ending one. We and applied some distance from th(
Sof, the present number will be found that not be afforded, for a trench only 5x40 feet hope some capitalist will see what we trees.
*- portion of the letter pertaining to the in area costs from $8 to $10, as Mr. Marsh need, and come forward to assist devel- THERPE LEA WOR.
s reclaimed lands on Lake Tohopekaliga. informs us." op the country, for there is certainly an T APE LE WORM.
...unexplored field awaiting development The. little caterpillars that in]fest tb(
In the next number we intend topresent Mr. Coleman's system is different from here field awaiting development grape leavesare tellarvtof theHarti.
difretfrmhere,.rp evsaetelr&o h ar
the account of his observations on the any other we have heard of. The prin- PITTMAN, Fla. sina Am'er' na. See '"Harris' In
Indian river. ciple involved is capillary attraction sects,h p. 3,3t Fig.3. This insect live
By surrendering so much space to Heforms columns of spongy, absorbent GRANGERS' GATHERINGS. etce-rarely o.lihe stcupperno g.S, pra
this letter, we indicate our estimation.of material, extending from near the sur- -- of whaleoil soapwillkill them, on
Sits importance. Judge Kelley has a face down. through the hardpan to the Public Doings Among the Far- pound to twenty gallons of water.
wide reputation as being a man of great, moist stratum below. Surplus water mers in Other States. -.
experience and mental ability, and in escapes through the bores, thus effect- The following from the Husbandman All soils are composed of material
thus publicly advocating Florida's cause ing drainage, and in dry weather mois- shows that the farmers in some of the which once termed parts of rocks. Dil
before the people-basing her claims to ture from below the hardpan is absorb- States are Instituting a system of gener- ferent kinds of rocks, when broken dowt
al gatherings which must have a& Most as they have been] by theactio of water
favor on tangible, material resources su- ed and drawn upward, and imparted to wholesome effect in saffoerding amhsical frost and sunshibeh produce differs
prior to those of most other States-it the thirsty soil. above, relaxation, instruction and mentalstim- kinds of soils.
cannot be doubted that it will do the Both of these systems have the merit ulus. Let the farmers and horticultur- *
State much good. "A friend in need is of novelty, to say the least, and they ists of Florida go and do likewise, corn- Hints to Corresvondents.
a friend indeed," and at this juncture deserve thorough investigation. Cer- parenotes and know each ot her better:to Corresondents.
influential friends are needed as never tainly there is no lack of original think-. IN VIRGINIA. asI The readers of the FLOReIDA FuAn
befre.The-Granges of Virginia last year in- A ND FRUIT-GR, E art? respectfully in
before. ers in Florida, and their ideas, diffused augurated'a new order that has resulted vitedi to contribute to its columns article]
We had the pleasure of conversing througlf such mediums as the FARMER in an enterprise of considerable magni- and notes on alt subjects pertaining t(
with Judge Kelley just before he left AND FRUIT-GROWER, and applied by the tude. They held a picnic meeting the farm. garden, orchard and house
throgh e~'r~dconecuivedav. Fci-bold affairs4. The range of topics which
Florida, and gave him many points in people in different parts of the State, are through p'user t secutive dat-. Fround will be diasued in this joirnsLi may be
this purpose the%,h.id prepared "grounds wl edsusdi]t~ or]lmyb
regard to the new ideas in agriculture what are going to work out the much alongthe Washington. Ohio and West- gathered from the subjoined table, whicr
and horticulture, and urged him next talked of development of Florida's nat- ern Railway-the locationn a half hour's may serve to suggest what might other
spring to make a special study of the ural resources and capabilities, ride by rail from Washington-and wise escape attention : .
"cotton belt," which is so little a ppre- We will not enlarge on the merits of erected suitaable buildings for the uses ; FARM MANAOEMENT.
underlwhcis stood"lit theatir gatWeillnon tiellar nowntoe b of themeeting, thatserved also asan op-- Clearing land, draining land. crops for
elated at present. We understood that irrigation. It is well known to be an prtunit for a session of the Virginia new la s eesi f crops intesiv
he intended to visit Florida again at an essential element of successful agricul- State Giange. The success of that farming, treatment of differe-nt soils.
early day. By extending his field of ob- ture in a large portion of the world, meeting was sogreat that plans were ex- resting land, soiling vs. pasturing, cow
servation, we are sure he will obtain a The need of it is recognized in Florida, -tended and amplified withaview to an- penndg, green manuring.
still more favorable opinion of Florida's and one of the great problems to be now there is an appoiftmentam e at DOTMETI ANIMALS. -
attractions and industrial resources, worked out is, how to supply that need "Grange Camp," the expressive name. Horses, mules, cattle, hogs, sheep
where the land is so porous and labor so of the ville that will comprise every poultry-Breeds, feed. diseases, treat.
DRAINAGE AND IRRIGATION. expensive? Surface ditches and canals, structure needed by an asemblage of men. ECIAL FRT. ZERS.
many thousand persons, including a SPEcIAL FERTILIZERS.
It will be perceived that the above which have cost Lombardy alone $100,- commodious hotel and numerous cot- Cotton seed, cotton seed meal, barn.
subjects are given a large amount of 000,000, and which have transformed stages, besides buildings to be used by yard manure, guano,, ground bone, su.
sace in the present issue. On the first the Salt Lake region and many other exhibitors of gnod-, and wares; for the per-phosphate, gypsum, lime, kainit,
space isn the concuine p on t of r p s of te w c t be u meeting is to have thie character of a ashes, marl, muck, leaf miould. cornm.
page is the concluding portion of MIr portions of the world, cannot be used to summer fair.. It will begin August 15th posts. -
Lagergren's able treatise on surface any extent in this State. Other methods and continue four days. There will be FORAGE CROPS.
drainage. On the third page Hon. A. must be devised to counteract the effects addresses by distinguished spelkero, Bermuda grass, crab grass. Para grass
N. Cole, of Wellsville, N. Y., expounds of drouth. Here is a grand subject for farmers' discussions, a tournament, Guinea grass., Terrell grass, orchard
dancing and other festivities. The credit grass, red-topgrass. Johnson grass. Texas
his noted system of underground drain- our best thinkers and experimentalists. of this laudable' enterprise belongs in blue grass, pearl millet. German millet,
!age, and Mr. Matt Coleman describes a We hope to hear from-all who have well large part to A. J. Wedderburn, editor milhl, maize, k.iffir corn. teosinte, sorg-
peculiar method intended to effect both defined ideas on this subject, and espe- of the Farm and Fireside, until recently hum, fodder corn,, cow peas, desmodi.
rainae and irrigatin. Acmpany ay from those who have put such published at B'altimore, but now re- um, Mexican clover, lespedeza, alfalfa,
diage and rgation, Accompany- f moved to Grange Camp, where it is a melilotus.
ing these two articles is a graphic ac- ideas to the test of actual use. permanent fixture and will prove a STAPLE CRAPS. C R
count of Californian methods. On the great aid in theundertaking that has as- Peach pear fig, pepi-simmon. Japan
last page we present Judge Kelley's ac- LOOKING FACTS IN THE FACE. sured success. OARO NA. plum, Kels.y plum. native plum, "mul
INtSOUTH ARO.IfA....arry. quince, apricot, guava. .bauana.
count of the results of the great work Tuesday, August a Summer En- pineapple sapodiila, mango. avocada,
of drainage in South Florida, and we A ,Practical and Hopeful View campLuent of farmniers will begin at the pear, cocoanut. pecan, English walnut,
will here supplement all by describing of Florida's Future. g.rouuds specially prepared tor the pur- almond, pomegranate, olive. grapes
as well As we can the method adopted B S. L. REED. se, near Spartanburg. South -'aroliua. strawberry, blackberry, raspberry-Va-
as wells we can the method a The encampment will c.,ntinue during rieties, tleir characteristics, effects ol
by Mr. Clark Marsh, which is referred to The orange fever is about to be super- the week-five days. The meeting will soil, weather, etc.. best methods of
in Mr. Cole's article. .. \ ceded by the railroad craze. .Every tepreseot farmers -of North Carolina. culture.
We first learnedof Mr. Marsh's opera- place must have one, and as soon as South Carolina. Georgia. Alabama and Corn. oats., rye, -wheat-Varieties,
We first lar of Mr. Marstdhs a town of any importance is reach ed by Tennessee,. and although under super- y-ield per acre. soil and season, difficult.
tions f rom a gentleman who visited his a railroad it aspires to be a railroad cen- visionof the G(range will be free to all ties encountered, general treatment.
place opposite Daytona a month ago. tre. To secure this end every nerve is who wish to participate in the enjoy- Otton-o,,,g ,nd .hort Staple-Plant-.
He described Mr. Marsh's method, and strained, every possible and some nearly ment it is intended tee give. Manufac- ing an culture, marketing crop, man-
the results as manifested in garden crops impossible efforts are made to bein turersof farm impiments and machin- agemenIt of see,, products from the
S, ......... them in. We haveno fault to find with cry will tind it a very favorable ODDppor-- seed.B-. r .
grown during a period of drouthin.the the railroads. They are all well enough tunitv to di-play products of their skill, ugar C aat Scra-ton-Varieties
utmost luxuriance and perfection. Mr. in their way,.and we could not possibly and they will find also extensive prep- Su l tuirn -maki sy 'ans ari,
-culture, making syrup and sugar, condi-
Marsh had, to commence with, an arte- get on without them; but we want to ration for such bacconmm:datioa as they tion of market.
sianwell. That, or some other source of make some provisions for our new corn- may require. For information they may 7Tcleo-Varieties, history in Florida,
ie s to live after they arrive "Ier-e, and apply by letter to the secretary Hon. recent experiences, seed. culture manlu-
abundant water supply, is the prime not let every thought centre on trans- Charlds H. Carlisle, Spartanburg, S. C. factr.
sential; The water is led in small pipes portation. With one railroad in or near It any guarantee were needed for the lu
to beds prepared in such manner that a town there will be no trouble about success of the enterprise it would be FRUITS.
water received by them does not sink people finding it, if the right kind of in- found in the fact that Hon. J. N. Lips- Citrus Fruits-Comparison of varie
ducements areoffered them. comb is at the headl of the board, whose ties, hardiness and productiveness, meth-
below a certain depth. The beds are NOW, what can we offer them as a direction will entitle the Summer En- ods of propagation, methods of planting
prepared by making an excavation forty means of livelihood? That is a practical camnipment to trustful consideration. We and culture, comparative effects of fer-
feet in length, five feet in width and two question and needs a direct answer, append the order of exercises so far as tilizers, marketing of fruit, preservation
feet in depth. Cement is laid- on the Who can give it? Let them work, you at present arranged : of fruit wine and other products.
bottom of this trench, and over thi a say Just so, but what are they to do? Monday, August 1st, general prepara- INSECT ENEmIE5 AND FUNOOID DISEASES.
bottom of is ren an over Raise vegetables until the orange trees tion day; placing of machinery, etc. Nature of damage done and remedies.
bed of loose shells. Then the earth is pay? Thatis all very well, but vegeta- Tuesday, August 2d. opening ad-
filled'in, with the addition of some fer- bles do not always pay. The current dresses; trials of machinery; meetings, MISCELLANEOUS SUBJECTS.
tilizing material. prices are sent from New York and other lectures and addresses. Bees and bee plants, silk culture and
Suha Mr. .. M as. .info usm, cities, but when you send, something Wednesday, August 3d, addresses by the mulberry, hunting and fishing, dogs
Such-a trench, r. Mrarsn informs us, often prevents your getting the same eminent agri,'ulturists and statesmen; and dog laws. fences and roads, legisla-
costs from $8 to .$10 exclusive of fertil- price. Cheap transportation is one meetingE, lectures and addresses. tion for farmers, homestead laws, trans-
izers. "It takes a 1-16 inch stream," thing needed, and the truck buint.'s is Thursday, August 4th, meeting ofthe portation, marketing produce, experi-
writesI Mr Marsh, undergonee foot head, not likely to succeedto any great estentL State Agricultural and Mechanical So- mental farms, agricultural education,
-- until we haveit. Why not have it right city. home manufactures, natural history
to supply such a. bed. There are many away? We have a lovely country, and Friday, August 5th, Governor's day; of Florida, historic points, sanitary ad-
points about'the system that are excel- the climate is as near perfect, we'think, meeting, lectures and addresses, vice, farm buildings, house furnishing,
lent; there is but very little water re- as one can be while the earth is under Saturday, August 6th, closing day. farm machinery, farm implements,
uire there is no loss of fertilizer, the te curse. Yet there i something lack- INTERSTATE OATHERINO. water supply, cooling appliances, re-
fertilizer is just where needed;itneedstig. What can ittbe? Weeanswer,.too The Interstate Grange. picnics held cipes for cooking, home decorations,
er u s ed .'need much thought has been given to orange annuallyatWilliams'Grove,on the-Cum- climatology, hints on the cal a rchil-
yriydenondress, habits reading, amuse-
noconstant watching; it is always moist. culture in the past, and too little to the berandValley raload, about adozen^ drintolon es, haintso rheaig camuse i-
just in right condition for plants to other resources of the State. Now that miles south of Harrisburg, Pa., are so mentodet a
1.11 u ee hv ee pee.weepetaments, .etc. :
grow, and it is free to any one to use. our eye have been opened we expect a well established in popular favor that
t change for the better. Our numerous thing more is needed to secure atten- NATIVE TREES AND HEReBS.
We suppose the bottom of the trench is resources will be brought out, find man.- dance by 20,000 people each day of the Planting trees for ornament or utility,
higher at. one end than at theother,.and ufactores started to perfect our raw week than to give notice of the time. the burning over of forest lands, the
that the slender stream of water is re- material, of which we can produce many This year the opening is to be celebrated lumber and' turpentine industries, the
c ed at .t1e upper end and peIrcolate kinds. No place can thrive on agricul- August 29th and festivies to continue six tanning industry, phenomena of plant
through the shells to the lower end, tak realone.Toomu of theprofiare days-or from Monday to Saturday both life, weeds and noxious plants.
S' put into outside hands, included. Th Interstate picnic will pr- N. B.-Specimens may be sent to the
editorded. identifiration. informationB.
ing into solution an.s fertilizing matter Our future prospects are encouraging, bably not outgrow the administrative editor for identification. Information is
that, may have leached down from fer in looking over our Union we see ,capacity of Col. R. H.Thomas, the man- desired respecting' popular names and
above. Whil traversing the length of but little. if any, competition. Our ager, whose conception it is and who uses. .
FLONVER GARDEN. "-: :
the tre-nch it is abso.rbed by the soil fruit business is assumniug gigantic pro- will prove adequate to every requirement FLOWER GARDEN.
thetrenchitis ateetthe peitions. In a few years more we shall so long as he chooses to retain direction.- Plants adapted to this climate, out-
above-except when the soil is saturated be able to ship our oranges to Europe, It is certain thatnoother meeting oflike door. culture, management of green-
by rains-and by the force of capillary where there are thousands who would character las ever attained such great house.
attraction carried upward till within not taste the fruit from Southern Europe poh)portions in this country. Ten thous- We do not desire letters written mere-
each of the roots. could they get it from here. The glut an peoplebent upon pleasurelnadelight- lv in praise of special localities unless
This is a modificatio of Mr. Cole'ssys- in the market is owing to hurrying the ful grove on an August day constitute a claims to favorare based on the products
hisisa modiiationoMr. oley- fruit in, and not knowing how to take sight worth alongjourneytosee,butit is or productiveness of the soil. Articles
tern, whichh consis's simply in making care of it for any length of time. Could not unusual for twentythousandpersons, of an animate.] or vivacious style are de-
'inderground drains which receive the oranges be kept well the year round. toassembleatWilliams'Groveandforsix, sirable by way of variety, but practical
surplus surface water and store it for this State would hardly furnish a sup- successive days t6 maintain or exceed statements and descriptions should be
s e w r ad se i ply were all the suitable land utilized this number The pleasures of the pic- concise'and as much to the point as pos-
use in dry weather, when, by capillary and in full bearing. That the processor nic are not confined to the ordinary sible.
attraction, it is returned to the surface keeping them will yet be discovered course of farmers' meetings for they have In treating of the above and related
soil as needed. The system, as practiced there can be no doubt, and when that the widest range within bounds of strict subjects, practical experience is much to
to be adapted to time arrives we can make our own propriety.. Yet there are no-excesses, no be preferred to theoretical knowla
by r. Cole appears prices, violations of good order, no intoxicants edge; yet there are topics needing dis-
land abounding in rock. clay and hard- Oranges are only one among the many -the whole worthy of the order in cussion which have to be treated of
pan. For the purpose of capillary hin- fruits that can be raised here at a large which the Interstate picnic had its orgin. from a somewhat theoretical stand-
gation, as it might be termed. there profit. Our peaches are early enough to For information about the next meeting ooint. .
must he an irperviou .ti-atum at a "command good pi ices, and we have requests may be addressed to Col. R. H. All communications for the editorial
must be an] impervious stratum at a pears, figs, plums, etc., in a season that Thomas, Mechanicsburg, Cumberland, department should be addressed to
suitable depth. In Florida hardpan, is not Northern. During the last few Co., Pa. EDITOR FARMER AND FRUIJT-.OG wKR
such as Mr. Lagergren describes, is years many pecan and almond trees have : --
found -at variable depths, and in some been planted in this State. The. thrive Horticultural Notes. pan, unnltrn anti HTintir lnns
foudskmarwell and will, inaa fewayears, be a great In a letter from. our valued corre- PItLlJ Wilt L flIU,
cases it may he so situated as to serve sow-ce of revenue to their owners.
the purpose of Mr. March's artificial ce- When -- get better transportation we spondent at Archer, Dr. J. C. Neil, we Eggs For Hatching From Leading Va-
nent bottom. 'But in order to carry out can send mncer flowers to the large cit-r find the following interesting sugges- rieties of Domesticated -Land.
e bto.-u nodrt ar u g it-'ions:. an Watr.. -.'-..
his idea an artificial supply of water is-5ies cheaper than they can raise them in, u and.Water.Fow. __ _
... a.art sup.-" hot houses. There is no reason why roses' COT.,'-ON SEED AND WH.-TE ANTS. $. 3.1---3--
needed. WeaJthy persons who wish to cannot be profitable here as well as in n Cotton seed, or the meal, is especially AlsoThorongbbredYoungSettersand.Honnda..
insure a thrifty growth of flowers, vege- other warm countries. We can have dangerous around orange trees on ac- Addr"essL V raaA ovja.
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. JUNE 8, 1887.
Ad" not obtain much rest upon the seventh, kettle of warm water and heat until the the one we turned out of doors at night
om e" enjoys the special Sunday dinner, contents are scalding hot. could not have been found; she would
W f~zh! and she doesn't like to deprive him of it. CANI-JED PEACHES. not go and make a snug nest for herself, Th
-MEN H dio. He doesn't stop to think how much eas- pare cut in half and stone taking but remamed on the porch, crying at the
R. Editor. ier the day might be and ought to before care not to break the fruit, drop each ne and climb ing p on the wlre
With au helpin han ands a Wc s ompehen ts ef ai ece in cold water as soon as it is pared. i a
With a helping hand and a Welcome for all-, who appears to comprehend the case .reestone peaches are best and firmness Spread eagle of herself; sometimes,
With words of good counselor old friends and fully. He says. There of texture ia desideratum. The frt w she wouldlie down benea
new, dency we want to see receive strength, of t ex re i bu not soft Allow a the wi. dow, b if my siste and
Who comego us seeking the best way to do. that is the doing away with great din- tepoo f h chancedt speak during nighton
All questions of general interest will be ners on Sunday. Woman, whether wife uart of fruit scattering it between the instant poor Jack would arouseher-- .
answered through these columns or servant, needs rest on Sunday. But layers Fill your kette and eat slowlyeen the
Personal nquries will be answered by mal there is not sufficient thoughtfulness on to a boil boil three minutes, jst to be It was really pitiful, but we thought
Subscribers are cordially invited to a the subject. Woman nerves need a1i e tht e p o he t ilu e coma PRIiNTNl AND PhI uHtNt HgIUS
;seat in our Cosy Corner, and exchange views, up once a week. The Sunday dinner sure that every piece of fruit is heated t w f h l e s U LIIN
experiences and recipes of mutual benefit, should be prepared largely on Saturday. t put a ful of water in the ngt se seemed so very wretched, cold
"Help y one another."o dinnr ha fr its basis d frighened as well as unhappy, that
Communications intended for publication Many a good dinner has for its basis bottom of the kettle before packing it thd 1 he in t o n a at
must be brief, clearly written, .and only on cold meats. Such can be prepared on with fruit, est the lower layer should
-one side of the paper. Saturday. Oysters are used largelyon i And the way she clung to me, and
All matter relating to this department the Sabbath, part because so little urn. ubbed her head over my face, purring ...
should be addressed to time is needed for their preparation. CANED PLMS so hard all the. while, and working her
Fla. Farmer and Fruit-Grower We should be glad to hear of the great Prick with a needle prepare a syrup, aintypaws in and out, settling down
Montclair, lwia. Sunday dinners being a thing of the allowing a gill of pure water and a quar- against my arm, then jumping up to
past. Take good care of your wives, ter of a pound of .sugar to every three look at me. and put her face against my
Our Cosy Corner. sisters and servants. See that Sunday quarts of fruit. When the sugar is dis cheek, would have won her way from
urosy orner. means restfor them. Whether the ner- solved, and the water blood arm, put more stony hearted people than any who
MAKING THE BEST OF IT. vous condition of most women is tracea- in the plums. Heat slowly to a boil, dwelt, beneath that roof. .; :
(Continued.) ble .to the continuous strain upon them, Let them boil five minutes, not fast, or How she did purr! We always said
There is not th e shado) may be hard to decide; but a real, refresh- they will break up. Fill up- the jars that Jack's purr was bigger than her
buThere is not that he shadow of a doubt ing rest every Sunday might do much with plums, pour in the scalding syrup, body, and she proved it that night, that
but that housekeepers, almost without to help them. Is would be a welcome until it runs down the sides, and seal. first night, for of course she conquered;
-exception, might spare themselves a change to many overworked wives and PICKLED PEACHES (UNPEELED). no one had the heart ever to want to :
great deal ofw w .ife and m mothers, who find Sunday is the hardest Rub the fur off with a coarse cloth shut her out after that, she was so very
As a rule, the wife and mother is much a o the week. "-Clara S. Brown in and prick each peach with a fork. Heat happy; and more than that, she was so
comings of others than she is o her own Rural Californian. in just enough water to cover them until neat and dainty in her dres and her
copangt ooers vna she haro herown they almost boil; takethem out and add manners that no one could. All this
SWeno it is very hard to "let Answers to Correspondents. to the water sugar in the following pro e, o she ws growing so h aut iful
things go," when in our Northern T. S. P., Formosa, Fla.: Your in- portions; for every seven pounds of that she was a pleasutroe to at and .
homes; where help was plenty and com- quiries replied to by mail of 26th May. fruit three ounds of ug dd As sher fur p leasant to st fearful, thoughoke. .
petent, order and system and scrupulous F. B. C., Morrisburg, Ontario, Canada: Boil fifteen minutes, ski and add still nervous the several mearfbeul, of our gh
attention to details reigned supreme. Thecousins are waiting, tell your little three pints of vinegar, one tablespoon- family nhoust te insrat themselves :..
But this is exactly what is meant by boy, to hear about that ice gorge. ful each of all cinnamon; family tin ought to inion rat feeing themselves, but
"being slaves to things," and no one ne teaspoonful each o celery see an what do you thiin hek?r god opinion by feeding he, u
ought to be a slave at all in these days The Family Friend. of ve spes in tinmuslin bags. She wyoud thinktacepa uthfulfm
ten mintes Then putil arfhemu not aevn ww est Equipped O ice in th
ffedom. Put the spices in thin muslin bags. Shwlnacp
o heredre some higher duties than COLORING A PINE.FLOOR. Boil all together ten minutes, then put y f t
those bounded by the kitchen and sew- The Art Interchange gives the follow- in the fruit and boil until i t can n Ad that was not allungry.
ing basket. ing directions for coloring a pine floor peced with a straw. Take out the fer foo d had to hacome direct frwas not all,
The duty that a mother owes to her which is to be partially covered with with a skiinmer and spread uoni hands but she would not touch i t until -. ..
children is -beyond and above the rugs: Buy at any painter's store turpen- o cool. Boil the syrup until t pac nds, but she would not touch iust me until
drudgery of preparing their food and tine and linseed oil (not boiled). Ask the peaches in glasars, and por this purred her thanks; then when had -
making and mending their clothing, them to put a little Japanese dryer in over them scaldng ot ckuowledged her gratitude, and told
.She is bound, before everything else, to the turpentine. Buy either burnt sienna You may pickle pears in the same way ai wle wdas wel.om b pattitu her on -
take care of her health and her life for or Vandyke brown, or both, according to without peeling. the headhe e would run back to her FO
their sakes, and not- to work herself to the color of the rugs and the tint on the PEACH MARM ALAJDE. plate and eat as though she was starved.
death, a slave either to "things" or to a walls. These colors come put up in tin Pare, stone and weigh the fruit; heat Ja-k is three years and a Lalf old now,
selfish, short-sighted husband, and so cans, smaller but otherwise similar to slowly to draw out the ju ice. -turing uip but she holds fast to this same queer
leave her helpless children to grow up tomato or fruit cans. After your floor often from the bottom with a wooden idea, except, that now there are two
without her tender love and care to has been washed thoroughly clean, is paddle. After it is hot boil quickly. others to whom'she will, on an emer-
shelter them, and at the niercy of their free from dust, and dry, begin by open still stirring. three-quarters of an hour. agency, allow the honor of handing her
father's new wife, who, however kind ing your can and mixing, in another re- Add, then, the sugar, allowing three- meals to her.
hearted she may be, can never be to ceptacle, the oil, turpentine and paint. quarters of a pound to each pound of But in those early days I was the only
them what their own mother shou13 Remember.,the oil is to thin your paint. f uit. Boil up well for five minutes, one she had any faith'in, and the result i
have been, and would have been had the turpentine to dry it. The mixture taking off every particle of scum. was that she came very near starring
she thofdght-more of- her future, and should be so thii that it will run with Add the-juice of a lemon ford every .once .
guarded her life as a precious jewel liquid readiness. Lay it on with brush three pounds of fruit, and the water in How that came about I will tell you illlU P i
S which belonged to them. u aus tick as your hand, stroking the brush whieb one-fourth of the kernels have next week.
-. Iknow-of a mother-nay. of several- the way of the grain of the wood. Pro- been boiled and steeped. Stew all to- L--- .N-
who made themselves slaves to things, tect your hands with old gloves, and go gether ten miuute-. stirring to a smooth A TABLE C-VER. '
especially to ;working beyond their over the floor with a rag. In fact. you paste, and take from the fire. Put Up Mis R., Poughkeepsie, N. '.. writes:
strength: in order to add to the scanty will need two rags, one pretty well hot in air tight cans, or, when cold, in have justs R., f finished a small table cover
family income and help build up a comn- charged with paint, to rub in every crerv- sall stone or glass jars, with a drop of o dare j tnh onmete w
fortable home for their children. ice, and another rag to rub off any su- melted parafine on top, or else brandied cretonne work. first fastened birdsth
Remonstrances from those who were perluous paint. Mind your stops, or. paper fitted neatly over the surface of flowers ad butterflies cut fromened birds,ece :
clear sighted enough to see the inerita- rather, put some mind in the. way you the marmalade flowers and butterflie clut trom a piece
ble result, were ignored, or else the reply stop. Do not stop in a-straight line A large. rip pineapple, pared and of cretonneon the cloth: then I fastened button .
S was, "'Imust work to keep the place up across the grain of wood, but carry your chopped fine and stirred in with the the cloth on a wood rame and button-
for the children; I must earn and save brush irregularly down, taking a .hint peaches while boiling makes a splendid holed around the edges of the cretonne
all I possibly can." from nature's lines in the wood you are addition to the flavor fures. The other parts of the figures
And what came of it? preserving with paint. By mixing the worked over hereand therewith colored
Death to the mother, who was too burnt sienna and Vandyke brown you OuP on ks' Corner. silk, observing no particular stiteh, but
blind to see her highest duty: irrepara- will secure a rich color without need- ur oungr using long or sh..rt stitches as appeared
ble loss to her chUilden, the breaking up ing to use the paint in a thi.-k form. ITS, TANDrNOG -FFER. best. The effect of light and shade were t:
of their home by diverging paths, no Your mixture should be so thin that the A1 mnepl.:ure r,).:.k e.b month to the boy m"uch height.-ned with bright hues of
loving counsel. no tender mother's- hand grain of the wood will show through. orgiri whoi send-ui the largest iisto'Esubscrit- sewing silk. The stalks of the flowers _p__I NTI
to guide their young lives or steady their If you have too much turpentine the eri for "TE.- FLORIDA FARHMER AND FRUIT- were embroidered in brown silk, with
hearts against temptation-and all for paint willrub off. If you have too GROA oing Da monof the famous littlegreensprigsadded. Thecentresof
what? little your room will need more days to ebtldren's uagazine,.St. NI, olas, to the boy flowers and the veining of leaves were
slave to things." to problematical small certainly. Do not economize the oil, iri'-usrlduring six mon t lacthings were bunches of azaleas with green RI
duties, and overlooked the one great and be as prodigal in rubbing as your or doings; writ- us on one side t Fpage; give leaves. The birds and butterflies I ar-
duty that stands first and foremost strength will permit. yourage ranged so that they seemed to be hover-
above all others-that of guarding her To keep the gloss n a stained floor it Tew letter received will be published ing around the flowers. The effect of
health for her children's sake, afnd is recommended once a week to wipe up Now go to work and see who wins. the whole when done was exceedingly
thereby guarding their future, not only the floor with diluted buttermilk or sour pleasing.'"
temporal, but eternal. milk, JACK.- WET BOO6TS.
We know of mothers to-day-so do SOAP FOR BURNS. Little by little Jack became more ac Now comes the time when out boy -
you, everyone of you-i many need only A free application of soft soap to a customed'to the restof the family, though cousins are apt to get their feet soaking
look in the mirror to see one of them, fresh burn almost instantly removes the she would still permit them to stroke wet roamingabout outdoors during the
who are deliberately or thoughtlessly fire from the flesh. If the injury is very her beautiful, velvety fur only when she rainy season. And here is the way they
wearing out their live and preparing to severe, as soon as the pain ceases apply' felt herself safe by cuddling- down in my should treat the boots or shoes that are
desert their children forever, and throw linseed oil and then dust over with flue lap, and she was'never happy nor con- water soaked:
them upon the world motherless, who four. When this covering dries hard tented except when close to me. and When the boots are taken off, fill them
yet would feel grievously slandered if repeat the oil aud flour dressing until a touching either me or my dress, quite full with dry oats. This grain has :
they were told that they did not love good coating is obtained. When the When we first made up our minds to a great fondness for damp, and rapidly
their chililren, and did not care what latter dries allow it to stand until it adopt the little orphan into our finmily absorbs the last vestige of it from the .
became of them in the future, near or cracks and falls off, as it will do in a day we resolved that she should not be made wet leather. As it takes up the mois-
remote. or two, and a new skin will be found to a house pet, but be kept out of doors. ture it swells, fills the boot like a tightly
Yet this is the inevitable, practical have formed where the skin was And after I had succeeded in partially fitting last, keeping its form and drying
result of the daily life they choose to burned, calming her fears, we still held to our the leather without hardening it. In
lead; choose because they cannot be OM-MAD VINEAR. original intentions: it was an important the morning shake out the oatsand hang
forced to go beyond their strength. heA To one pint of strained honey add two part of the taming process to allow her them in a bag near the ire to dry,
horse may be led to the water, but he gallons of soft water. Let it stand in a to come into my study. and after ready for the next night; draw on the
caWot be made to drink.t moderately warm place; in three weeks awhile to follow me into the adjoining boots and go happily about the day's
e might write a volume upon this it will be excellent vinegar, room, the same room where she played work.
subject. We feel like it, and volumes circus so comically the first time she
have been written upon far less imupor- CHEAP VINEOAR. entered it and saw another biped there
[ant topics, but we have surely said Take a quantity of common Irish pota- besides her beloved mistress, for it did I.ECTUREO AT ONPRS COMP
who are wise enough to pause and listen oughly clean, place them in a large ves- other biped was a friend, and a goo.l ROuighT P a. BEL
to its warning. sel, and boil until done. Drain off care- friend of hers, and she soon condescend- | .
Sisterb, shall it "toll the curfew" for fully the water that they were cooked ed to allow this friend to stroke her fur
you, dead; for your children, Living? in, straining it, if necessary, in order to -providing my hand was there also to
If mothers and housekeepers would remove every particle of the potato. protect, her. ON
make up their minds to do just what Then put this-potato water in a jug or Not intending to **spoil Jack." there-
they can do without getting completely- keg, which set near the stove, or in some fore, we commenced to train our poor ---- .
tired out, if they would determine and place where it will be kept warm. and little kitten as the Spartan mothers
stick closely to their resolve to lop off add one pound of sugar to about two treated their children: until she became 1 a C
every branch that was not absolutely gallons and a half of the water, some mbre accustomed to us all, we concluded rhis is what killed your poor father. Shun it.
indispensable to the well-being of her bop yeast, or a small portion of whisky. to give her the freedom of the cottage .old anything contanmin it throughout your
family, there would be fewer suffering Let it stand three or four weeks, and ,she would not go near the main house 'uure usul tcareer-. we older heads object -
women, fewer desolated, homes, fewer you will have excellent vinegar, at the during the day, but at night we heroic- nntespecia' tE and ..
motherless children cost of six or seven cents per gallon. ally put her outside, and shut the door JUONT FOOL money. me fue
The housekeeper's convenience should spIcED TOoMATOE. n" her .fortswith insect powder, borax or
be the first thought in building or ar- One peck of tomatoes, three pounds of i say heroically," because am sure sh not us at random al oe
i.em of work should be performed with r ugar; our or five ours, it hurt our feelings as much as it did R.:,Wao or three nigbu ta re
-. few ot oand OUas e tper. torman wi One hour before taking from the fi.re, hers to pick her up, whon she was .RonoaON Rete" dry powder. in, Vri..ye wvO A.L .as US O
etfewdatepsandasdlittlelabor as possi- dd one pint of vinegar and a handful of curle ed up so happy ad contentedin out and down the in, dra v .n .3T I" .1.-L. .IJS 0 "
S To point ou an sup gs a ar ay spices, conesistcing of unground cinna la p oron the Jorunge, and shut her ipe it things in dothe me ring .
S us lies" how this ma be done ot cm es and mace. out alone o the darkness and chill nght n...-m ga..et to ceular a li. d.,_
our duty and pleasure, and inasmuch as SE PICKLE, P M. OH PEACHES. da winter, to be sure. but stil quite cool rtsareintbe house, the.must ROAHlS
we are commanded to lhelp one another, Seven pounds of fruit; four pounds of enough to make our funny little kitten irmk during tee cih'h" RA E Beetle 's
we appeal to the sisters of Our Home white sugar; one pint strong vinegar: prefer to be indoors, even apart from her 'Rovo oRars"Isodalaround the world
S -"Circle to come forward and aid us in the mace, cinnamon, and cloves as desired. real distress at not being with her mis- n every clime, is the mostextensivelyadverttsed -
.. good work. Prick the plums to keep them from tress. d has the largest sale of any article of ItLs kind |F II I I "
..... -. (To beContinued.) bursting, pare the peaches; put them in a I told you awhile back that Jack's sur- ontheace'fT e lobe. I nl Ii l /
*:. "-- kettle with alternate layers of sugar, render was completeand unconditional; UDSTRO/ rPOTATO BUGS | l | ll H I _II\ 6
The Sunday Dinne.. Heat slowly toa boil; add the vinegar from being afraid to come near me. she 'or Potato Hugs, Inseta on Vnes, etc.,a table
:-:-: In many houses the most elaborate the fruit with a perforated skimmer, and even for an hour; when I left the cottage warige,or wansptbroom. eep t w -tir 3u*p. -
dmner-ofth.e week isaserved on-Sunday. spread upon dishes to cool.. Boil the and crossed to the bouse Jack would dart ic., sc. and Bozes. Agr. e ; .
S..Thiscustom hassome features in its favor, syrup thick;.pack the fruit in glass jars, across the small-operi space, and wheii- "UGHRAT" .CLEARS "OUT--- -
bt-. ib it fatig being workfor a woman and pour the syrup on boiling hot. ever I was near I could her plaintive BED BUCS, :
whonhas nooservants, and who has la- Examine every few days for the ffilst voice occasionally directly beneath my LII
."bored- diigently for- six -ldaes, only to month, and should it show signs of fer- feet. "
:._findtha,.unlile her liege lord, she can- meeting, set the-jars (uncovered) in a So, a more .miserable little cat than sp..." krabits is Sc. A SPEOIALT. '
-.: .'-" :. '- -'" '.-= : .- - -- .' : .-
-- : --- .- : -. _- - -- + : .. .-. : -- -. -, - .
* -- .'
. -, -, ..
: .' .- _. i- -, .
D R.- +. .-il :. i:*
. ,. I --... _-
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT (GROWER. JUNE 8, 1887.
b.- '- n~ I milllion-, o dolljr-,. and si each cow, iall
SX/LU (' tIt proirduce nearly or quite her' nwu value
,' ... ea, y r. w.e may douI le: that ii um and
Inquirl-s con l'trnlnolz s. di donj,2i sayv that that infanmqmu" fraud., called lb.y
linimals n afn be nddressed to Dr. D. 0. L sc.u. m Soe a legirmate m.inufacturing bu-i-
.aeksonvlile, FiCLdldn, who will answ-r irne ness. has cost the farmers twenty-two
through ibhis :-olumn millions :.f dollat- in one year.
Horse with Inflamed Eves. Experiments with Cotton Seed.
PINELLAS, Ft A.. May 15. 1:. Tte
DR. D. 0. LYoi:-Will you kindly re- The Galvston Net de--hi ..me
ply to the following through tie FLORI- interestingexpeit iment in tediug c.tt,,n
DA FARMER AND FRUIr GROWER M"y Tefir: Hei m & ave
horse has a cold in one eve. The eve The firm,- He rhimer& C have
waters a good deal, is rather inflamed done cousidieral-le ,uuine1s ,of late in the
around the lower lid. soue micus is way of e-sp.-,rting large quantities' of the
discharged, and it evidently itches. as cotton seed to Europe ro for f catte.
ANSWER.~ ~ ~ ~ ~~he -Tadffclyislremna m akingacth- eperipont'uos wit
the horse is constantly rubbing the eye. They ai making ti, etpera inie t utro-n a
against some soft substance prefpiabtly i. bis ih a ie i
The other eye oeen1 to be getting the ing all the refuse matter from themanu-
same war. 'Can yuh tell me wihat to d? fracture of the oil four feeding purposes,
T. M. G. W and find that by combining the hulls
g r o n d a x e d 1 u n c e p o w e r e h w i- th t h e c a k e th e y g e t th e ro u g h f ro o d
ANSWER. u-The diniculty is iaefamma- mibed in satisfactory proportions with
tion of the sclerotica and was caused by the more nutritioums.ancd in the two ar
some irritatiou, such as perpihatioh Itn- ticies of rood-h-.th from the amei
ning into the eve, or lie iting of an in- source-combined they find a cheaper
sect. Apply tle following poultice to and better fattening substance for stock
the afflictedf eye for ten hours: I pound than anything tried yet.
ground flax seed, 1 ounce powdered by- For the purpose of making this experi-
drastis; mix and make it into poultice. ment, Mr.- Heidenh-eimer recently
Put the poultice into a sack made of a bought up 100 head of cattlein poor con-
piece of old domestic, and bind it on the edition and commenced feeding them at
eye. Tie the horse on the right.and left, Brenham from the refuse of the mill.
so that he can not rub it off. After re- An accurate account is being kept of the
moving the poultice apply the following expense and so far the result has been
wash once a day: very satisfactory, both in the rapid im-
1 dr. sulphate copper. provement of the cattle, 'and the very
J oz. tincture belladonna,. nominal expense. The cattle that were
1 pint rainwater, bought poor sixty days ago are now
Apply with a soft sponge. ready for market; one car load have al-
SD. 0. L. ready been shipped here, comparing in
S re n Horses. appearance with the best corn fed beef.
Drenching orses These beeves will be sold and butchered
For many-disorders of the horse, giving in this market, and correct comparison
remedies by pouring the same down the be kept as between its quality and. that
animal's throat in a liquid state is prac- of corn fed beef.
ticed, and although the most speedy ben- Messrs. Heidenheimer are also keeping
efits may sometimes be given in this way, a correct statement of weights and cost
there is at the same time a liability to of cattle when bought, expense of fat-
cause injury. A' veterinary surgeon tening arid the result of sale and profits.
says that when the drench consists of The first shipment gives promise :of a
substances-for instance oil or grease- most satisfactory profit. So encourag-
to which'horses have a natural aversion; ing, in fact, has been the experiment
when the sick horse is suffering with a that, instead of a few hundred, the com-
disease- which is attended with fast pany will fatten as many thousand dur-
breathing, like pneumonia, colic, etc., ing the coming winter.
and when the fluid, as is'often the case, A scientific analysis of fattening sub-
is poured down in a forcible manner, it stances places cotton seed meal about 40
frequently happens that a part of the per cent., ahead of corn. The process of
fluid enters the larynx and goes down fattening with the meal is also more
the windpipe into the lungs, and causes rapid. While it takes from ninety days
there an inflammation which frequently to four months to fatten a beef with
becomes fatal.. When giving iemed ies corn and hay, or other cereals, from
in this way you should always hold the sixty to ninety days is a fair limit of
horse's head up. till his mouth, aud then time in which beef maybe fattened with
pinch or rub his throat until he swallows the imeal and hulls.
it.-American Farmer. The price of cotton seed cake is 75-
S. cents per 100 pounds and hull $:3 per
-To Cure Horses of: Jumping. ton, and ata closecomnputation'upon this
ping basis Mr. Heidenheimer finds that from
It is asserted by a writer on equine pe- 6 to 7 cents per day per capital, which
S culiarities that jumping horses can be cost includes the labor as well as the
S. cured in-a very simple manner, which material *used. The hulls, as before
we discovered and put into practice on stated, take the place of hay which is $6
one of the worst jumpers ever born. It per ton .
was merely punching small holes in the Mr. Heidenheimer thinks the greatest
*t p ends ot the ears and then fastening trouble hitherto experienced in feeding
the ears back along the neck to the battle with cotton seed oil cake has
S mane. The horse can then be urned n the manner in which it was used.
out to pasture with a reasonable assur- Troughi are filled up within and thecat-
ance of finding him there when wanted,-. Ve are surfeited at the first meal. and in
asa horse cannot junup without throw- a day or two acquire suc, a dis-tate for
ing his ear s f forward -. it that .they will not go near it. -The
---- "---- hulls of the seed have hitherto been-
Remedy for Founder. ust-l as fuel and have been found amply
A new remedy for founder in hbr-es sufficient in furnishing all the fuel sup-
is said to be sunflower ieed-,,ne pint o ply necessa y to running thle mill, but
seed in their feed. Small quantities fed M .r, Heidenheim.er & Co. nd a more
to horses is said to be healthy, and will pro"talile ue t-for the hulls, and n..w teed
impart to their haiir a peculiar gloss." them -to stock. ending it cheaper to
impa b tty woOd as tuel for i-unning their
..._ ,_ mill.
Lice. n atetle. Harsh Treatment of Cows.,
Four writers, residing r,"-pectively H s T e of C
S Mi"ch"igan. Pennsylvania," Kansasand An Eastern dairyman, whenever he
.-. icbigan, Pennsylvania, Kansas-,-and shtaeihemlyed, -
New York, recommend-t.iough the found a shortage in the milk yield, 'in-
Rural HoEnme-the following four meth- vestigated to see who" had been treating
ods of ridding cattle of lice: -4 ihe cows harshly. He generally traced
the shoc tage to such a source.
S1. Takealarge ragor, sponge saturated A gentleman from Louisiana was in
" iin kerosene oil; squLeze tout o that it our office not long since and stated that
S does not drip; rub it orer the backs oft his sn was a dairyman, but had great
cattle or horses, from the tip of hose to difficulty in keeping d hand to aid him
S tail, once a week, for three or four in mrilking. The trouble was mainly
S weeks. Be careful -not -to put on too dde to the hired man whistling occasion-
much so as to take off-the hair.'- -ally in the barn. This was not permitted
.2. Take refined lamp 0il and sulphur, under any circumstances, the son
S one pirnt of oil tone tablespoonful of sul- claiming that the cows were 'worried
S phur; stir well in anoldtin pan; takea by the. peculiar noise, and besid.hebs
S. swab or a rag and rub it on the cittle, was not running a-concert or museum
S around the head, along the back. wher- business anyway. Thehand was prompt-
ever the lice are. It may take two ap- ly discharged following the fb'st offence.
..plications. and would not let the tattle It is in our opinion that the last-man
S out in a storm r a t'ew days after the orboy to strike a cow; or'to treat her
appli cation harshly,is the one given to whistling.
'3. Gireone teacupful of sulphur to The best natuired, the most contented
S each cow, in bran, and keep the cow dry and genuinely happy people on thin
S while under treatment Has tried many earth, as a class, are those who make a
:. remedies, and find this the best for cattle, habit of whistling. There is nothing
hogs or horses. .. mean or selfish about a whistling man
4.. Finds the' best remed -to S be soft' or .lad; Re rnay be carelese-and indo-
S soap and water, about a quart of water lently disposed-rather on the "trifling"
to half a pail of soap. Take a sponge order, but there is nothing truly bad
and wash them all over with It till about him. A fellow can't be truly bad
thoroughly lathered, and a good whistler too. The two'don't
--*' -- go together.
Statistics of Live Stock. -- .-- -
A recent report by the statistician of Breeding Jersey Heifers.
the United States Department of Agri- Jersey heifers ought to be bred by the
culture, gives ;the number of domestic time they are sixteen months old.- If of
animals in the Unitedl.Sthtes .as follows: good site. and growing tell they may
Horses :'. .2I.tti744 be bred at twelve months, but under-
Mich Cows..... ...............: :l',117 ~ sized ones, unless they are getting quite
Oxen and other cattle, ................ "3,Si.To fat, should not be bred so soon. The
Shesp................................................. 4,759i,.}1 danger is that as the heifer growsain
Hogs, ....................................................s,;l=,,.i size sbe w ill lay on internal fat. w which
*The same report estimates the forego- will prevent her catching and confirm
ing as valued at her as a barren heifer. She may be op-
Horses ..,:il,,l6,;65. rated upon with some prospect of suc-
Males......" ........... ..........i ,.aS cess, but most of the barren Jersey and
Mhlcb cow ...... 7S7-,7 ,589 -
Oxen, eic.,........................ ,37.: Guernsey heifers we hear of are so sim-
Sheep ............... $is7B',S19 ply because they were not bred early
Hogs, ...... .i),43,i enough. In the case of undersized
Here is an aggregate in number of heifers, which prove good milkers, do
- 162,019,868, and in value of $2,400,586,- not let Ihem be bred again for several
938. There is an increase over the same months, in order that they may use tie
returns in 1886, in everything but mmlch time to make.growth.--Anmerican Dairy,
.." .cows in-which a' .depreciation is shown man. .
of $11';195,934, which; the report says, '*. :.. "
th- farn'ers} claijn- was caused by phe ..'The .Jeisey- cattle are 'said to'be i-
abutifdahdcofol~dmat:arine sold as''but- creasing in .ie. Thdse'ii this-coumntry
."" tenr: ThgrS isibuti'li'ttl doubt'oi the-mo: to d &r"uch larger and ihardier than those
'-rectness of these figures or of the far- brought. over twenty years ago, and we
L _mers' claim; the butter "productions of have better stock here than can be pro-
the country have been depreciated in cured elsewhere, not excepting even the
p.- producing stock by more-than eleven Isle of Jersey.-People and Patron.
"4-.. ;.. ,
-r., --.- .
Salting Butter with Brine.
The following paragi.iaph; contain tlie
sulitane of a .a[ei i'itn thie ai..ove title
c,.titribute biv Prof. Artiold t: thie
We-- k iy Pre-:"
lam no.' uia, butter s.ilte.I, t.ot -lhtI
brine. bu vtl t half an -Iunce of :ait to,
the. i...Uild. Allowiu ai little to:r waste
iii worlii ing the ,buttter imut co.ntAini
ie-: than ,er cent. i-.ft ,lt. Fi.:.m an
insp-cti,:n ..f thi. butter, ,~'I from leveling
it with tile fin ..rs or totgute. Lio u .ne
wouid uspc:Ct it Ot cont;tuiing ,:1;-tals
:,f alt; butir tie m rroicope show; it to,,
be full .:.f the:w. Juilging from its ap-
pearalnc-, I heOli.I llink one-foulti ti to
' one--third of ilie salt w. worked ini was still
undistolved. The minute crystals cp-
I pear in clusteIs, as if a giain of ailt
when wet had crumbled, in soine ca-es
into a dozen tit crystals. and in ,other
cases into a hundred or inor'-, all of
which were too smniall to le detected by
the unaided senses, which, when touch-
ing tile m,01;ture of the mouth, quickly
dissolve and intensify the flavor of sslt
in thIe butter. If the maker or con-
sumer desires undissolved salt in butter
for the sake of increasing the saline fla-
vor, that is all right and proper; but if
it is put there for the better preservation
of the butter, it is only salt thrown
If salt preserves butter, which I doubt,
and if, when butter in granules is im-
mersed in a saturated brine, the granules
are covered with a coat of brine which
they retain when compressed into a com-
pact mass, as many elcim, but which I
also doubt, then brine-salted butter ought
to keep. as well as any, since it would
have all the protection salt could give it.
But whether salt protects butter is a
mooted question, and I have seen no evi-
dence, beyond assertion, to support the
claim of permanent film of brine around
bUitter granules after they are pressed
together. Brine does not appear to exist
in /butter in any such form. Viewed
under a high magnifying ,power it is
seen only in small but variable drops
scattered through the mass at such dis-
tances as- to suggest that not more than
one-tenth of 1 per cent. of butter is in
contact with salt in any form, liquid or'
As salt either in brine or crystals has
no power to strike through butter as it
has through meat, it is perfectly certain
that the great bulk of butter, )however
salted, is untouched and unaffected by
salt or by its antiseptic power, and this
may possibly be the reason that -butter
goes right on changing whether'salted or
not, when at a temperature that.admits
of change. But while brine-salting
meets with favor by a large and pretty
rapidly increasing class of consumers
who prefer light salting, I believe that
more than half of the consumers in this
country yet prefer more isit in their but-
ter than brine-salt will give. This pief-
erence must be met, but in doing so it is
not necessary to twork-the butter milk out
of butter or to work dry salt into it.
To prepare butter for salting higher
than brine salting wi'l season it, the but-
ter should I:e gathered in granules and
washed as for brine salting with cold
brine ot cold water at about 50 degrees,
and then left in the-churn to drain. If
the cold granuli-s are stirred with a spat-
ula or ladle v.while they are draining, qo
much of the brine or water used fur
washing will drain off that theie will not
Sbe enough left ti: wash away much of
thle salt that is stirred in, and yet There
will bIe enough to wet it all, ,o iliat the
grains uf salt will cl umble into finer pin-
ticies, and thus avoid scratching the but-'
ter. Sime of Ibhe umIlissolved salt will
be washed out, of course, but it will be
easy to s-o gauge the amount so stirred
in as to -atir an ounce to a pouUndJ, or at
any other rate,- when the granules are
pressed together. .In this way all work-
ing can be avoided aundi te least po-sible
injury to the butter.
A Sheep Dairy.
A correspondent of the London Live
Stock Journal says: "
Your correspondent 'C. S. need not
have gone back so far as I;9c0 for ex-
perience in sheep ilairy ing.as it is lone to
this day in South IVales, both in Glam-
organshire and =Breconshire, chiefly in
tlie latter county.
The ewes are milked directly the lambs
are taken away, or as eoon as they can
eat the graFs, and the custom is to leave
off milking the first Sunday in Septem-
ber; butter is made from time cream, but
it is too rich for ordinary use, and gener-
ally used for cates and pastry: for the
same season it is mixed with cows' milk
or cream when made into cheese, its pro-
portion being one-sixth of theep' to five-
six tlis of cows', and is called sheep milk
cheese. The butter comes quicker from
sheep's cream than from cows'. The
ewes are sometimes milked in the open
fold and sometimes in a continuous yoke
somewhat similar to-the way cows are
secured by the head iu some parts of the
country. I regret I cannot give any ac-
count of the profit in milking ewes, but
the Welsh are too canny lo continue a
practice which is unprofitable to them.
Sheep's milk pudding is considered b.
some people a delicacy.
About Merino Sheep.
The improvement in Merinos of late
years has been by increased thickness
instead of by length of staple. The ram
that has furnished the very heaviest
fleece furnished had the shortest staple
of any of the heavy shearing rams re-
The committee of the Vermont Merino
Sheep Breeders' Association believe that
the natural amount of oil and wrinkles
peculiar to Merinos, cannot be dispensed
with without a tendency to a thinner,
lIghter fleece, with a staple of less
strength and health and ultimately less
profitable to both the producer and
The greatest improvement in the size
of Merinos will be accomplished within
the weights of front 1'30 to 160 pounds in
rams, and from 80 to 110 pounds in ewes.
The size cannot be inci eased very much
beyond 3hese weights without sacrificing
to sbme extent the robust constitution'
DISEASES OF POULTRY.
BY E. -. Ri:BRi'iON.
C.H iKEN POX.
On February 19thi we found a Brown
Leghorn pullet with a case of genuine
chicken pox, such as we have frequently
met with at the North; When we first
noticed her she had an ulcer on the end
of aberration of the*comb and another
on her eyelid.- She was immediately
separated from the balance of the flock,
We bathed the ulcers in vinegar, gave
sulphur in food and -Douglass' mixture
in di inking water. In three days after
applying vinegar twice a day, she was
worse, the ulcers being larger and a
number of smaller ones appear ing on the
face and comb. One eve was closed and
We then wet the ulcers with carbolic
acid diluted from crystals-one or two
drops to a tablespoonful of water-ap-
,plied with a feather twice a day, and
continued the former food and drink.
She began to gain immediately.- In two
days the eye opened, and in four days
from the first application of carbolic acid
she laid an egg. She has laid every
alternate day since. The ulcers have
entirely disappeared and the hen istas
well as ever.
Chicken pox in the North isbcontagidus,
but as we separated this pullet from the
flock immediately, we canDot say as to
that here .The neighbors unite in call-
ing it a case of genuine sore-head..,
INFLAMMATION OF THE OVIDUCT
Results from stimulation or bad food.
Symptoms:-Thpe hen is continually
straining as if to lay an egg. -_
.Treatment.-One grain calomel and
one-tenth of a grain of tartar emetic in
meal. -One dose is usually sufficient.
Repeat, if necessary; the following day.
SEGG BOUND. .,
Symptoms.-The hen comes off the
nest without laying and walks around
distressed, continually straining as if to
Tre-attuenr.-Gire a large doseof cas-
Ts caused, for. example, by a piece of
bone, whole corn, or undigested food.
Tbe food.does not pass on to the stom-
ach, and gets bound in the ciopvwhic.
gets swollen and hard to lie touch. It
is a foinm of indigestion, and may pass
off without treatment, but if it need any-
tlhing pour some warm water dcwn the
throat and work che crop between the
thumb and fore finger until relieved.
-Give a dose of castor oil, and leave the.
rest to nature. : '. ':
BUMBLE FOOT, : .
Tlhis complriut occurs in thie sole of the
foot, usually of male fowI,F and is an
utlyv diieaie. if it has been neglected
until the swelling gets to bLe formidable.
The cock then becomes lame. and is uise-
liss as a breeder while this affection slicks
to his foot. ..:.
The sore (or ulcer) is attached to the
boue of the foot, and it increases from
that point outward, inflaming thie flesh
and muscles until it ripens and Ibreaks.
But this is exceedingly slow in develop-
ing, on account of tile toughness of the
skin and the parts of the foot where this
The internal portion of thIe "-'bumble-
foot" sore or bruise, matures in a thick,
chlieesy kind of pus. If this can be re-
moved at the outsell, when the first sore-
ness and swelling make their appearance,
the pus may be let out, and the foot will
To effect a cure of this the foot must
be lanced crucially, that is. in this wise,
X, across the face of thie swelling, down
thoroughly to the bone, and laid open.
The matter will soon discharge, and the
bird may be saved. After it has ma-
tured it is a v'et'y difficult thing to cure
it, and therefore it must be attended to
Is a vice and not a disease. The only
cure for it that is sure is Loomis' poultry
bit. Some recommend raw meat.
This is one of the most provoking of
poultry vices, and one feels like using
the hatchet, but can not do it with
thoroughbred, expensive stock. Some
recommend having the nests in a dark
place i they should always be i, and giving
them plenty to do by burying their food
under straw, etc. But we hare found
the best and surest way to cut. their bills
off a little, just enough to make them a
little sore. They will soon stop "egg
eating," especially if you give them a
few "China nest eggs" to pick at.
S The Apiary.
SFull sheets of foundation are best for
giving a swarm for a starter.
Bee keepers do not consider it profita-
ble to feed back partly filled sections to
Some apiarians think that bees recog-
nize color, and for that reason advise
painting hives alike, so that transfers
may be more successful.
The hives should all be whitewashed,
bee feed provided, and the colonies pro-
tected against mice, which are very de-
structive to-bees. -
An English horticulturist, who is' .
C a ,.1-
mi.t enal.le. thl Mei too .-ehep to to lInth
It in hilge rocks, ,or ,im-tling of the
areat 'o-glit or fleece already attained.
,cieat wei ht it frleece cannott b.e at-
tain-ti b3 brtcJiu. f'.;rexctssive lengi' ef
-taple. Bie',JiLdI10 t1tmi m:intos if" meltlw
le''gtl aud.I geat ,.lensity.i lil iinrea-e
the we-igbt of flee-'e rniu,: ra:teI thin
breedirig troni rams of longer staple It
thinner wel. riiee is.- d,- oul_-t that
there hias 'een atm] iiji,:-ea.:-e if length if
talel, but thIe dattainrr.eut .:.f this is a
loer 'pioceei, andL must be bred for
with gieat caie o:.r a liniclmution of
"eight of fleece. by a ,Icv i citation of
t.lictlnes. will be stuire to follov..
NEW YORK & FLORIDA STEAMSHIP LINE.
TRI-WEEKILY SERVICE BETWEEN
NEW YORK, FERNANDINA AND JACKSONVILLE
5teamis. ac-e appointed to.ail-tr.i- P;er 2'-, E. R., N. Y., every TueSiday, Thursday
and arda. at V 'S 'LLE-CHER6KAEE (newS, and SEILVOLE new), every FRIDAY.
FROM FERNANDFNA-DELA IVAREf and FEMAf.&'EE every MONDAY, p. m., CITY
OF ATLANTA and CITY OF ('LUMBIA, every WEDNESDAY p.m.
The Freight and Pacsenger ,Aceimmodations by thia Line are unsarpassed by any ships In
the coar is-,e Bervice. For -frther information, apply to _
CLARENCE WAGNER, Agt. J. A. LESLIE, Ag. l,
Fernandina, Fla., Jacksonville, Fla.. W. cor. Bay ad Hogan
TEEO. 0G.EGJER, Traffic Manager,%VS. E CLYDE & CO.,
3a Broadway, N. Y. (Oneral,_gaontu. "3 1 ras, y, r
ORMOND O THfE HLIFAX
FOB REST OFHAUMOCK LAND bR BEARING ORANGE GROVE
--CALL ON OR ADDRESS--
Ormond Land Agency,
East Coast of Volusia' County,
'rile fleet fXealtiL Fesdot't
S Is on the Line of the Florida Southbern. .. .
Unsurpaaed bh iany other section for the production.i o Fri.ts..ad .'egetables. .._f you .are .-co .' .-.
ln M Fl orida, wlitever may be yoar meaas or-condition, 'ouwilU moa asauredIybe pleased..wl i k
this Centre o the Lake Reion. or further parolrs-adree,.- -
-- : : 1 -' '.- "MIlt t s'' I-
*-- *. i -- *V.-7-v,
.#;--, = ,7. -": . : '. "- ,-- .-
#oultrv and .4eTes.
,.rcfui b.c,-, r o'Uf iusect life, hia A n l- Mi. S. A. teens, of Siumiter county,
ti.:ed that iiny bees rarely go V Lear writes: -"I am in love with your paper.
those flowers W,-iKhi .,rumble "bees seem but am takLiug so many now that until
to, like bE-t. Eouime sutiilscitiIn iuns nut I can't .take
Au alpiar ot sixty colonies. well ,aied more. Ibut ,:alculate to be a subscriber-to
f.:or, sli-uld produ,.e in a season from your paper soon."
7.0i(1 to,:, 6.,'110 poundsif conmb honey, and MI,. E. W. Ams.Ieu. of Ormiond ,-on-the-.
Si.ii to 2. ., p0,unid,1 o"f extracted honey, Halifax, a cites as follows : "I am tak-..
the tlc st worth 1i to -20 cents, aud the ing ten papers on agiciultural sulbjec-t.,
l.it .15 c:euts per pound. which can Ie and itf asked to surrender the FARANE.
easily alti-nided to in any family, and AND FRUinr GROWER, I wCoul tell them
",:lttoi -upI1.7 it amply with lioney for to take the otler nine. but leave mei-
table u-ie, le-aing omie for s'e. that. May peace ani:l plenty and years-
A g.ol mtlod ,t ,conti o ling or pie- of grace bLie given yout to continue the-
ventnig,- waimug. isn to use single tier good work."
,:iates an,,I give thie bees plenty of room Mr. V. Dansbyof Pensacola, wbose.
by tiering ip. put a case fsecthIons on eminent sucess in truck gardening, as'.
the bive about ten l hays lierei th. money ell as isable writings on farm topics,
flow start and Iwhen the be are thc-r- title his opinion to repect, expresses
oug-i.d at wrk auac illd the- himeif as follows : "'The first number
tons about half. raise the case and put of the FRMER AND FR -Gowons was.
underit an emptynea soon'ivng duly received and is the best thing in its
plenty of room. Another plan ir to ex-wI
iat from the side cons in the od ay I hae een. It just th paper
t i nb theeod ed. and if youkeep it up tothe pres-
ing chamber. and place them in the nt standard ofet cellence must become-
centre. and when thecolony i very pcip- popular with| the people. I can't see-
ulous, rem,,re the comb, placing in the where you ha
centre an enpty frame with only start left any room forim-
ers. thereby giving the queen plenty of ., movement." .
iom. at the same time pulling on onie Mr. L. H. Armnistrong, of St. Nicholas,
tier of sections, and then tier upas fast Dual county, writes under date or
as thle honey flow will warrant.-Plant- April 26th : "THE FLORIDA FARMER AND
ers' Journal. FRUIT GROWER has fat surpassed expec-
V. stations. It sheds light on manv obscure
OW OR PAP7R tSEARDD pages in the book of Florida's'possibili-
HOW OUR PAPER IS REGARDED. ties in fruit, forage, live stock and in the
development of hler vast store of hidden.
A Few of Many Expressions of resources."
.. -A A Mr. Itving Keck, of the Bowling Green
SApproval. Lani and Improvement Company,
Mr. R. A. Ward, postmaster at Mala- write; under date of May -d .'"We
bar. write;: "I am delighted with the think THE F..RtIER AND FRm IT-GRJWER
FARMER AND F Tcir GROWER, and rec- the beat to he had for farmers in Flor-
ommiu-nd it to all on ac-ount of its corn- ida. We v always get new ideas from it.
plete adaptation to the -ants of this lat- Th"e -ignt of Mrgan 's Bazaar, Starke,
itude. Otli-r agricultural papers con- Bradford county. who is a news-dealer
tain only an occasional article f inter- and s tbhciption agent, writes as tfol-
est to the farmers of South Florida. who lows :, "THE FARMEtR ANT) FRUtI-GROwER.
care little for dairy news. or zeneial is.the lpapr' in aim agricultural point otf
farming in the North, but the ari les in view. I w'v-uld not be without it. aInd
the F-AMER AND FUiT-GROWER are Ihonestly alvie all workers of the soil to
good, verygood, and I wish you the suc- sub-cribe tor it." .. ..
cess you deserve for furnishing Florida One of the proniunent citizens o At-'
farmniers a paper that just 'fills the bill.'" lanta. Ga.. writing to the publishers of
Par. tile JFXF Eays: -Yurlast, Yen-
Mr. C. H. Goodrich, ,of Orange Park. tl? F. F. & F.-t, s'''Yur last ye-
wites: "I must sav'that the FARMER ture. the FL..RIDA FA.RMER AN) FFRUIT-
AND FRuIT-GROWER'is, decidedly tte lJkst GROWER, is a remarkable one fr the
publication of the kind in thIe Stute. .aty of its mechanical executiou and
take them all and can compare tieir the ctisp. fresh andl appropriate charac-
merits." ter of its editorial and selected matter.
Cha-rles W... St ev e -n of Professor Cui ties evidently knows how
Mr Charles W Steves of Orange o ,k, and'knowledge is power'only
county, -writ;es: I,.Your paper far ex- "-,
county, writes: "Your paper tar ex- when there is iudomitableenergy behind
ceeds the hopes of the -most sanguine It. Bu I nd not preach to C.'. H. Jones .
in its good work. It fills a want (n this topic, as his pushing of the-
long telt in this part for a good ag- T ough
ricu.tural paper. .u to you ." ines-nuion to success over or through
Success to you. mountains of opposition and flifficultie%
Prof. S. N. Whituer, of the Agricui- insurmo-untable to a man of less daring
tuinal College of Floiida, writes as fol- and persistent qualities, clearly proves."
lows; -I can say in all sincerity, it ha-,, "
exceeded my mi.stsanguineexpectations. Mr. Percival Brewer, of Monmouth,
Already it is without a peer iu all the Ill.. writes, under date of April 9th: "'I
South i" think your paper the best agricultural
,, .. .. 'aoer ublished in the Soutb"
Mr. Thomas Meehan, the ditiugished paper published in the South.
hoi ticulturist and proprietor of the Ger- Hon. J. C. Pelot, of Manatee, writes as
mantown nurseries, in a letter dated follows:.' -I Took upon your paper as
March. th, writes: -I am very much one of the most valuable additions to
pleased with the FARMER ND' FRUIT- our agricultural interests. It is ably
GROWER, ard shall read it regularly, edited. practical, directs attention to
which you know is a high compliment matters of primary importance in the
for an editor to pay to an exchange." development of our various industries,,
S f. L. L. P e m e and caries with it a spirit ot ener-gy and
Prof. El L. Phrgesy the eminent Puairo- enterprise that must address itself to ev-
fessor of biology in the Agricultural t>-ol- e searcher after information."
lege of Missisqippi, says in tIme S.oulieri
Live StotkI- Jornal: '"His [tIe editor's-] Rev. T. W Moore, of Marionu county,
valuable paper already appearing-in the writes': -r believe your paper will do a
first numbers are ftillilling our expecta- good work in disseminating new ideas in
tCon and prediction. They may be fully regrd to fruit raising, farming, stock
relied upon for conscientious correc- raising, etc."
ness of statement and scientific accur- Mr. H. 0. Daniels, of Amelia Island:
acy of detail" -- ... "Judging from what I have seen of' the,
Hon. J. Wmn. Ewan, writing from FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. it is the
Miami; Dade county, says: "Certainly best agricultural paper published in the
you are do;ng a good work in establish- South. I predict immense success tor it."
Ingan enlightened and scientific system Mr. W. N. Justice, commission met-
of-. agriculture, which heretofore has chant of Philadelphia, writes: "Having
been seriously neglected, Your paper is received the first isaue of your agricul-
inviting in appearance, pure in senti- tural paper, and being delighted with its
meant, and progressive in principle, and tone, we wish you to insert our card for
surely must succeed."- six months." ',.. "
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, JUNE 8, 1887.
'VARIOUS WAYS OF PRESERVIN
EGGS FOR WINTER.
-A Filter Trap of Simple Constructio
for Cisterns-Recent Estimate of tih
Country's Wool Clip-A Beautiful Cle
matls-A Useful Harrow.
The harrow represented in -the cut is
square one. The teeth are set twelve
inches from center to center each way
'There are four beams in each half and fix
teeth in each beam. These beams ar
four feet eight inches long, mortised int
the fro-it pi.e,. which is three feet seve
inches in length.
A HOME MADE HARROW.
S- The rear, endz; .f the beam are secure
"by a piece of lil:.-.er, t-o, by one and
half inches, halved on to the beams an
thdn bolted. The hai r,:.. is made of tw
and a half by two and a half inch scant
ling, using hard, durable wood. There
nothing particularly new about this 'har
S rdwW, except that it is larger than con
S. mon, and the novel way of hitching to i
Sby which it is kept steady. The teeth ca
be made to cut six inches or one inc
apart. The manner of hitching is -showi
in the engraving. The draw bar is mad
of three-eighths by one and three-quarte
iron, three feet four inches in length
The chain is attached to this by a hook a
one end, the other being fastened to-th
harrow by a staple. Thle chain is about
two feet-long. The entire cost is about $12
..' Preparing Trees for Planting.
Prepare trees for planting by cutting,
the tops back in proportion to "th
amount of injury dun- tO the rootr, whirl
Is generally from one-half to t-mo-thirds c
: the entire top. On this pruning all shoot
* shouldbe entirely cut away th.t are n:,
* fjeedeil for thie formation cf a pEi-rfei head
S an'l the other, cut back one-half to two
thirds ot tbeir length
S If the head is not formed hFgh enough
upon the trtnk it. may often lie carried
higher by cutting off all lateral shots
leaving the most central one for a'leader
upon which nwill be formed the new heali
several inches higher than the first. ALJ
ijure'-i roti should have the ends. cu
s,,iiojth with a sharp knife, and.iwit]
small friuts, like the grape, currant am
strawberry, it is often deiriable to cu
back some of the larger ones
SRestoring Rancid Hnitter.
You cannot restore rnii:.l l.-urr.-r to a
sweet, g aud irticlie. It mriy bLe a'.niewhad
improved, however, by vcQrhing it first ii
new milk and after that m cr-i.1 water
Another plan is to heat tip a 'lu.irt-r -f a
poittrii of goodil fresh lime in a paij of water
S and alter allowinng it to standl for u lhourr
.- until the impurities have settledil, pour :fl
the clear portion and wash the ranciid but
ilc. ter in trih t.
'".'~: A Rardyv Climber.
Next to the ro.e, the clemais is diloubt
less th, most popular floweri-Lng plant o
the iday Iit is hardy, blooms during thi
entire sea.,ju and embraces a treat variety
S of beautiful colors. The erniatis i, a
rapid climber, and, if carefullyv trained
attains to a height of from fire to fifteen
feet in a season.
_; I NA
Our pictitre represents'oqe of the most
beautiful of the clematis family, auwl con-
sequently one of the most beautiful of all
our hardly climbers. Planted sc. as to
cover the pillars of verandas, o: trained
on a trellis or stump or other .ojhect, it
has no equal. It may also be planted in
rocking or winding flower hedls, hut it
will require 'pegging down. The large,
i-inlet purple flowers of this variety are
produced in the' greatest protusiion and
remain on the plant a long time. This is
a very satisfactory plant to cultivate, as
it, increases in size and beauty each year.
The Preseervation of Eggs.
The season is again at hand when the
several modes of packing down eggs for
winter use are discussed. These various
methods each have their warm advocates
aimingg superior merits. They all de-
)end, however, largely upon the'fact. that
.be shells are porous, and if the pores be
closed or protected 'from the recess of air,
he contents will remain good a long time.
)f late years protection of the contents of
he eg.by old. air has been practiced to
.)m e ex t -n't. .'- I
Large concerns that bold over eggs for
iarket.either preserve the eggs in a lime
;ckle, or by the cold storage system.
earners and others who preserve eggs in
nall quantities, as a runile practice liming
Spackimg down in dry, salt:i'"' -
The; timing .sy'stenm' is iineipensivet and'
it littJe trouble.' Eggs kept, by this
ocess, however,.whlle good for cooking
irposes, such as making cake,'puddings
d'the .like, are-.no.t.k Afsls .ideeggs
ien rejiuiedi rot'poachingror other uses,
Lere it-ilsdsenMtial.thamtl the.-yolk'remain
5 .-- '
of salt, one bushel of lime and sixty gal-
S lons of water. The lime is carefully e X a t/in +
slacked with a part of the water, and the
salt and remaining water afterward added,
G when the mass is left to deposit the lime FOR THONOR'S SAKE
until the solution becomes clear. A com- HO A .
mon practice is to draw off the solution at
this stage into a cask or vat in which it is By B. L. FARJEON,
n designed to preserve the eggs. The eggs -
'e may be placed in the pickle by means of a Author of "Great Porter Square," "The
tin basin punched full of holes. When lBright Star of Life," Etc.
e- the vat or cask is nearly full, cover over
with a Aactory cloth and spread on two or PART THE FIRST.
a jtree Ifches of the lime that settles in THE TRIAL OF EDWARD LAYTON.
a making the pickle,-and see to it that the
re pickle is kept continually up over this
Y. lime. O (COiNTnEDr.)
'e Advocates for packing eggs in dry salt "Frankly and honestly," I replied, "1
re. are all the while increasing in number. believe you to be an innocent man."
0 The editor of The Rural New Yorker and "Thank you," lie said, and I saw the
editor of The Massachusetts Ploughman tears rising in his eyes..
are amongst practical experimenters who "Do yOt 1i:iin," e said presently. to
report favorably on the plan of packing know the name of the juryman who was
eggs in salt. Use small kegs, being sure in your favor?" .
that they are dry and sweet, put in a "No, ".he replied, "Inam quite ignorant
layer of dry, fine salt, place the eggs in of the names of the jurymen."
the salt the big end down, close together; "But they were called over before the
but not touching. Cover with salt and trial commenced.".
add another layer. Continue with alter- "Yes, that isbthe usual course, I believe,
nate layers of eggs/and salt until the keg but I did not hear their names. Taleeid, I
is filled, being sure, of course, to finish paid-no heed to them, Of what interest
with-a heavy layer of salt. Head the kegs would thcy have been to. me? Twelve
and lay on their sides in some spot where strangers were twelve strtangeis; one was
a cool, even temperature can be main- no dl-if.:.rent from the other."
tamned.- Every few days turn the keg. "They were all strangers to you?" I
The salt prevents evaporation and the asked, assuming a purposed carelessness
d moving of the keg keeps the yolks of the of tone.
a eggs fromin adhering to the sides of the "Yes, every one of them."
d shell. : .. "And you to them?"I
0 Stephen Beale advises where eggs are to "I suppose so. Hout could.it have been
t- bie kept a long time that only infertile otherwise?" .
is ones be packed down.. His experiments "But wheli they finally came back into
r- make it appear that infertile eggs keep court, and the foreman of the jury stated
I- longer and in better condition than do fer- that they could not agree, you.seemed
it tile'ones. surprised." '
n Our advice is cold storage for large "Were you watching me?" he asked,
h concerns that handle eggs wholesale for suspiciously.
I market. For home use we would put "Do you not think it natural," I said,
a down small packages of eggs- in dry, fine in reply, "that-every person's eyes at that
r salt, as above 'described. When large moment should be turned upon you?"
- numbers are to be placed in one package, "Of course," he said, recovering him-
I then we would lime them. By any mode' self-"quite natural. I should have done
e the necessity of a cool, even temperature the same- myself had I been in a better
it is emphasized.-The World. place than the dock.' Well, I was sur-
_____ prised; I fully anticipated a verdict of
Ingenious Trap'for Cisterns. "And," I continued, "although -you
The accompanying diagram represents a may not remember it, you leaned forward
ge barrel which is placed between the eaves- and gazed at the jury with an appearance
spout and the entrance to the cistern. In of eagerness."
the barrel is a. float, H, and above the "I rememberotbat I did so," he said;
float about eight inches from the top "it was an impulsive movement on my
A is a diapliragm with a hole in the part.". .
ceilter. The.headofthebarrel is replaced, "Did you recognize any among them
but several vent holes are bored. The whos e far,: was familiar to you?"
dlaiatn,, S, represents the supply pipe "No; to tell-youthe.truth Icould not
front the rof.', anl F the outflow to the -distin-iuslm their .faces, T am so short
Scistern. With every shower, the barrel sightedl "
.being einmty, or nearly so, the fir.t fow of But r. tC had yo'r glasses hanging
water bmrings most of the impuritis tir'd ro-,tnd your ineck Why tid i'uu not use
d dung, leaves, du-t anil dart) off the roof thenu "
I anld the-y are caught'in the barrel beI fore it it amazed in to hear hin inigh at thi
flls. -'cquestti.n. It was a gentle, kinidly laugh,
i but noue the less w-as I astorniiled at it.
d "You lawyers are so sharp," he said,
t "that there is ;cat'cely hiding anything
from yo'm. Be carefil what questions
Syou a-:! m e, or I shall be compelled"-" -
arnd I re-hi- voice g'-ew sad-'to .beg of
Syoun not to ]-oae acain."
i.: I liold myvnelf nel ltbithin contrlr,-aIl-
thoitt h -is i'mioiCition startled me, for I
-- i had it in my mni',I to slk him somethig
I concerning the surprise he: h ad evicted
when the nine of,.hearts was pro-luiced
from the pockets of his ullter, and I had
r '- --- / it also in my mind to ask him whether ho
.- wirs c,:,i-i.:>iiite,', either li'ectl0y r Ludi.-
i-: l '.:ti, ftlh Mr. Jroriic-s Ri.itiau.l. His
SC tiu .'nO niade me c.niautious; his wariness
mie' ni me e airy; I teemed to ble pitted
against lmiu in a friendly contest in which
iMLTER TRAP FOR CiTERNS. i wa emteaed in his interests, and he was
of I ,v --re"n i ., -qsad ewa
When the water rises as high as the engae.-d :-A'ilist them.
e diaphragm, the float closes the 'hole, and "I wiDl be careLul," said; "you muut
y the pure n-ittcr then tri.e. and flows into aot close yvur d-oor against me, although
the cistern. After the rain the water in it is, u',ihappill, a prison dour. I am here
n the.bar-e should ie drawn off. It is use- truly as a sympathiz-Lmg friend. Look
ful for -watering plants, i-:slidng flacaing, u pnpon me in dthat libt, and not in the hght
wagons, et0. The fsticet, A, should-fbe a of aprofessionalman."
few inches above the I.ottom, so that the j 'Yt-u co.'ifort ete," he said. 'Alth,;tigh
barrel will not get so. iry as to le.ak in a I may appear to yu cables and iier-
I my fppeito y)u careless and inli~ffel-t
-dry time, and the affair shoulul be kept' ent, you know well enough it is inppr.,si-
underl cover for the same cause, and ble that I can he s-.; youikntw that I mu-t
painted.-American Agriculturiit. be tea'rinu my heart out in the terrible
--- opposition in which I have been forced by
S Estimate of Hie Wool ('lip. rurthiess cireunlstance. Make nor nustake;
An state the wool cl amp my telf g.-atiuly to, biume for -what has
k n-& -tim a te ,$ th e W oo)rl clip 't" tfi is o ( mrre ,'J ]It lh as been lt,:,ced u p o:n t rI ., y
cournttry, prepared by the Philadelphia my oc lnsc- t:. ho bn:.r tird ui-ht a.n truth.
Textile association, places the to tal n- W e once -pread -itf ,re me1
wn~~~~hn.1 ~~3- \rW-by 0)^ o ^ i ,"", llie once- spread tiself bieore rue
washed ,iol at 24 grSa t,"1' pounds, and -it- a prs-pect so glad, so beautifid, that
w-ashed, 52,4i,.24; grand Cutal, :261,409,- it almost awed nei But, atter all, if a
650 pound', whaj'h reduced to ecoutired nia .l-r; within him the assurance that o
wool, takia ordinary shrink.-e, makes he is d-:n. -chat he is in honour bound t
116,1305,3 pounds. AXuother tableshows d,-, surei, that shiun be 'omethigi
Sthe estimated decrease and increase bed T treiu r c'- that yinld hae foiedthfgm
tweet 1P,4 inel Wq.q and berwren 1.e 5 There-you see what you have forced -,im (
en bol' ..7, andbetween 84I me. Y-;, I tIdid look eagerly forward when u
and l For the former peri-od there i bea, -I the juI y ould not agre n A
was a to-tal decrease of 41,.51,4-.4- pounds, 1'-st there was oneoman there who be-
and an increase c.fi,0432,217 poRunds, mak- ie'.t tre to be Injc n ahere who be-
ing a net decrease of 3-2,P91l,7 pounds I stvred me t:,n de Innoentm an without; the i
The total estimated decrease between s h wee o m I blessed hm I
18S6 and 17 is 2.J'i.lP15 pounds, and Crthe lhef '
an increase of ,' pounds net de H gazed round with the ai-r of a man t
of ifc e I ,t ,"20 .,';$3 pounds; net de-. wh o w as fearfnil triat every m ovem e nt Vhe 71.
crease, -0i,,61.370 pounds The increase tr t it er mvemet he T
occurs ifi Oregon, Colorado, Montada, male ws, t a t':ithlen id la'in blserv- eow tone -
Wyoming, Utah, Washington Territory, i a inl the n lirh i h tone
Nevada, Dbakota and Idaho A the other I nTI e- at f'riu'n9 c
idh I I rephed inctratnlly, foilicwmut- the.lone to
states and territories show a decrease. t b li lttsthe i u'e-i- E
For a period between 1884 and 1887, Kan- tat here, I u dlie be y fieil ." I
sas, TMinnesota and Nebraska show an in- .I here, be tr r -f
crease, but these states are mu the decrease "It is a simple service I require," he s
column for the period 18i6-4. Texas said; "I have a letter about me w-ich I y
shows a decre.,se of 10,166,64 pounds for wish to he psted. What, it. contains con- ;:
tbce years, and 12;,24-,704 pounds' the cer'aso rnO tn whom you know. It is my
past year. Ohio decreased 1*1, 1n 5 t affair, and m'ine ony, aud rather than
past ear Ohio t deerearseand ,50'605't make it another man's I would be burned t
pounds in the three years, and f50,6u5 the at the stake; though we don't live in such t
pastye r barbarous times; and then he added, with i
a sigh, "but, they are barbaerous enough." I
Watering Horses. "I n-ill post the letter for you," I saidl. v
All horses are liable to drink more after. He looked me in the face, a long, search- h
eating than is required tp replenish the lag, wistful look, and as he gazed,- I saw
waste, and besides, explains The Amori- in his eyes a nobility of spirit which drew a
can Cultivator, it has been ascertained me as close tohim in sytupathy and admit.
that when water is drank by horses a ration as I had ever been drawn in my life h
large share of It passes directly through to any man. t
-the stomach and on into the large in-- "Dare I trust you?" he said, still pre- bI
testines, where no digestion takes place; serving his low tone. 'But if not you, li
and that, if a horse is- allowed to drink whom can I trust?" ti
directly aftereating, a portion of the food "You may trust me," I said; "I will ttl
is carried along withit,.which of course post the letter fol you. faithfully." --. ri
can then do no good but is liable to do "Not close to the prison," he said. ci
somd iinJury., Therefore we say, always '"Not in. this district. Put it-into &. par n
wate'r-horses-before feeding and .you will box at someadistance from -this spot." si
-f.ndJ they -vill.do better, drive better, j "I will do as you desire." -., -, a
sweats-ess,.etc4, and 'will drink all that "Honestly andd honorably?' he said. s,
Stuatire denats ar soon-as they become& "Honestly," I responded, "and honor- .
accustomed to this habit. I ably, as between man and -man." -
"You are a good fellow," he said, '
will trust you. I can never hope to-repa
you, but one day, pe,'hliipF., yiin ui-y.: lii
to be glad that youl rhli .e: even this -ligI
service.'' AndI he I-i- ii the hi.t.-r mint
my hand, which I a,-1 :.e i.t:I shpli-llt it
my pocket. Then i -1,1i-
S"May I come tosee you again?"
"Do. You have lightened the day fc
me-and many a day in addition to this!
Soon afterward I left him. I was hon
orably careful in it,- ,>:.-,'r i'in: out of hi
directions; I did not take the letter from
my pocket until I was-quite three mile
from t i.- pri--,n, and then I put it into
pillar box; -but before.I deposited it there
I looked at the address. Layton had noc
extracted a promise from me.that- Ishoul
not do so, and I will not say, therefore
whether, if he had&, I should have violate
it. I wT -n e-11 ,:, against his will an
wi-lh, iU l,; it'itai interests, and I' miglh
h Ie IIrokn i- i,.: a promise; 1. 1-:-,Vr Itt't
u.','," I.. ruy -iurrri;vr e O. -r. h in'i,4ir
whevlin I a: u t lit iis i. -tt-.-r r.-, *',ii.Ir :,.-
to "Mi:-- M'i bi l R.tIi'il, i,;': Lc. ended
Terrace, Siouth Kenii- tiOli."
Rut.liaii'' WVh\, thatli.il ii-h t: nme -c
tie orne jiIvr`nCanrJ Ih, hLI-i hiC1 ,1:.,l upon
LayOi'i' trial ainJ- -lo ut ,iouin I ha
v-tii'iy eitaiivored to obtain some- useftu
information!. Of all the cases I lh,il bee:
ilfn,-u>a._2, ,'h, this? lpronilS"l "o 1.e not ,on]
the nir.mo t itiO-luenttus,, but the most-preg
nurtt and ihiteSteting Rutland! Tiitl,,nd
Had it beexi a common name, i.',:.h ,a
Smith or Jones, I might not have been s
stirred.. .It'was no choice coincidefice.
was on t hie track, and witli all the power
of my intellect I determined to carry it t
a succes.fcd isme
Cable u ,ssfn-e froni, Mr. Bainbridge, Lon
ddn,, to Mr. Archibald Laing, ...United
"Who is Miss Mabel Rutland, and i
there toy relati-:nship between her and
Mi- Jimiies Rutlawnl. Also, inwhat rela
tion does she stand to Edward Layton
Can you give me any information respect
ing the nfie of hearts?"
Cable u'.esa se trom IMr. Archibald L ling
United States, to Mr. BaLnbridge, Lon
"Miss Matbel Rutland* is the niece o
Mr. James Rutland. She and Mr. Ed
ward Laytuon were once engaged, to b
rumarriedl. The brealdn. off of the engage
nient caused great surprise, as they were
deeply in love with efachi other. I do no
understand your reference to the nine o:
Cable mniessage from Mr. Bainbridge ti
Mr. Archibald Laing:.
"The nine of hearts I refer to isa play
ing card. I hare reasons for asking."
Cable message froni Mr. Archib.aldl Lain1
to Mr. Bainbridge:
"I know nothing whatever cuoncernii
the rdne of hearts."
The information you give me in your
cable that Miss Mabel Rutland anti dEd
ward Layton were O:-iice enDa e l io hi
marriedil is of the utmost interest to, me
You will doubtless in your letters explaiI
mniore tul-;..what yon know, but I d(I nii
wait for lttrt'rs from aiyou. Tinic is to)
precki.ou for me to Iose ain hour, a mo
nmpa.nt. .fuel confident, .iefo:re you en
Ughten me upun this point, that I shall
ferret out som-thing of importance which
may lead to. the end we both dejre. I
may confess to you at once that the cssi
has taken complete hold of mue, and thai
without any prospect of monetary tom-
pensarion 1 should devote myself to it.
That Edward Layton is bent upc.n sac(ri-
fl(tcng himself in -ome person's interests
seems to me to be certain. It would take
something in the shape of a miracle to
iconvirce me that he is guilty of the crime
of which he is charged. I have elected
myself his champion, and if it bu in the
power of man to bring him out of his des
operate strait with honroir I resolve, w-ith
'ill thle earnestniessoft my heart and with
ill the strength of nly intellect, to aiccom-
phsh it. The intelligence that' Mr James
Rutland is uncle to the young lady to
Whont Edward Layton was engaged nay
b,:- ot uise tc, me. I do nut yet despair of
,'btainitg iiu-efdl information from himn
My inquiry respecting the nine of hearts
-as not i-lly made. This particular play-
ug card, which was fiurnd in the pocket
:if Layton's ulster, and of which he had
ro knonitlege, is, I am convinced, an im-
portant feature in. the case.
I have already enlisted the services of
three or four agerjts, and as I intend to
spare no expense, it may be that. I shall
ulnil upon your bankers for a further sum
of nimoiney, which I feel assured you will
Certain events are working in my favor.
Of thAe that do not immediately bear
upon the miatter'I shall make iio mention,
but those that do shall find a record here.
For some portion of the day after my
nteriew with Edward Layton in prison,
I was, apartfrom my practical work, en-
gaced upon the consideration of the ciues
ion whether I should call upon iliss
Mlabel Rutland, at 3-2 Lavender Terrace,
South Kensington. I went there in a cab,
and reconnoitered the house outside, but I
ud not venture to enter it. It is one of a
errace of fourteen mansions, built in the
Elizabethan style. No person could af-
ord to reside there who was not in a po-
.ition tospend a couple- of thousand a
'ear. The natural conclusion, therefore,
s that Miss Rutland's people are wealthy.
That in the absence of some distinct
guide or clew or information I should
lave been compelled to present myself at
he address, for the purpose of seeking an
interview with the young lady to whom
vdward Layton's letter was addressed,
ras certain; but chance or destiny came
aere to my assistance.
Dr. Daincourt called me at. between 10
ud 11 o'clock in the night.
"I make no apology for this late visit,"'
a said; I have something of importance
o communicate. When you spoke to me
ast night, about the jury you gave me the
ist of names to look over. I glanced at
hem casually, ,and gathered nothing from
hem,-uttil MrJLaing's cable message ar-
ted frbm America. That incident, of
unrse; 'Impressed upon my :mind the
amie'of:. Mr. James Rutland. It was
trahge to me; I *as-notacquainted ,wth
ny person bearing It. But It is moat
ugular that -this afternddn I was unex-
ectedly called .into consultation upon a
serious case-a young lady, Miss Mabel
'I Rutland, who has been for some time in a trouble- upon her mind, and that, until -
,y. bad state. The diagnosis presents features her trouble, was removed, there was but
-e utfficicently franilat to ii sp,.-mhlit .ind faint-hope of her getting well and strong.
ht also sufficiently perplexing. Her ni:.ries 'lam speaking in the dark,' I said to the
o are shaitereil; -.he is tufiferi; in critully, I parents, -'and -while I remain in ic-norance
t,: and there it dc':imile- ianru' of the cause, it is almost impossible for
"'M-s Ma-hel I-tRtian'l," I ai,.l, ii-:han- me to prescribe Ealutory remediess' 'Can
ically, .liv.ing at 82 Lavenit Terrace, you do nothing for ier"' asked the father. -
a South Kensington." .: 'Can you not give her some medicineP'
" "You-oknow-her?" exclaimed-Dr. Dain- 'Yes, Ican g:ve her medicine,' I replied, -
ia. court, in astonishment.- :--. ,but nothing that would be likely to be ofr
is "I have uev,-r seen her," I said,`"`but. I benefit to her. Indeed, the medic ine al-
m know wiierc -he lrtes /' : ready in her rora- is su,:h rs woudid be
as "Is she related," inquired Dr Dain- orcihaniy prescribed by a retutlical man
a court, "to the one juryman v. i- x heldJ out -who hnl not reached the core or the pa-
re upon Itwarid Layton's trial tient's dic'.ie.' If she goec on as she is
it e"rije m; no need of se:r-ts -i.etiveen going on now,' said the father, ',ihat will
d us," I replied; "'but it will be an tui to be the result 'Her strength is failing
e, keep certain matters toourslI-.::." fastt,' I i,-plie-d; 'what httle reserve she
d "'Certainly. I willnot speak of thir.-,n to has o draw upon will oon be exhausted.
d any one It is agreed that- wiat f-ases If she g-es on As she is going on now I-
it- between us is-.in cviil-lence.'' amn afraid there till I-c ibut one result.:" '
It .iMiss. Mabel r[uti:niid is nikt:e t. the The? mother burst. into tear-, the father- -
g Mr. James- Rutland who v.-a5 ,ci the fixc-id his steady gaze upon mie; but I saw -
i jury." his iaps quiver. 'We have called you ini
a "That is strange," exclainmed Dr. Dain- Dr. Dimr,:.:,urt,' lie said, 'because iwe have
Scourt.. heard oif wivnderftl cures you have effected
t1 "Ver.,- itranje," I said; "Ibut I -ihll be in patient who r Lhave suffered fr-:m weak
n surprisedl if, i.,etore we come t,., the enil of nerves. I have been happily successful,'.
d this all.-ir, we do not m-eet with even I said, 'in effecting cures, but I have
[ stranger circumstances tha ii tlint Pro- never yet succeeded where a secret has
n ceed, I beg, with what you Lavv, to tell me been. luiidden from me.' At these words
y cnceiriirn- Miss Rutlan-l."' the mncthe-r raised her hands imrploringly
-. "Well,' aid Dr. Dainconurt, "her to her hu'land. 'Do you think tLihat a se-
ri parents are in great distress about her. I cret being hiddentrom yo ru m this case"'
a saw and examined her, and I am much asked the father. 'It is rot fo:r me to say,'
o puzzled.- There is nothing r.bid ally I repldJ, 'it is simply my duty to ac-
j wror ,.-,-; ith hcr. Therc' is no confirmed quaint yot with the fact that your daigh,
, disesie; her mluns are sufficiently tryingg: ter's ilisea'e is mental, and that her con-
o she is ot, in a cinsumtmption, and yet it (hlion i cr-itic.l. Until I learn the cause
may be that she will dje. It is not her of her ncrief I am powerless to aid h r.'
Sbody that is tuTffering, it is her mild. Of 'Will you oblige mie by calling to mor-
course I was very parricitlar in making row,' asked the father, after a slight
the fullet inquiries, and indeed the inter- pause. 'Yes,' I said. preparing to depart,
Seated me. Although her features are 'I will call in the afternoon, and, if you
,d wasted, hbe is very beautiful, and there wish, will see onr drlaiugliteeagain.' He
Srests upon her face an expre.si-on of 'uf- -expre,-eedl Is thanks it coiurteoiis terms,
ferin. esaltatiin and sell sa'.riice tv.hich and I took my leave. I shoul'l have come
- deeply impressed me. In sayini- that this here acurlier, Bainbridge, to relate this to
c-xpies-iio, rezts upon her fni-e, I am you, but I liav.e had other serious cases to
speakingt with exactnes. It is not tran- attend to. A doctor's time is not his own,
. sent, it doe5 no -L come and o. It is al- you kiinov."
ways there, and to my experienced eyes "I have uimething to tell you, doctor,"
f it appears to denote scirie sf.'-.,ng trouble I sia'l, "-.itl, r-ference to your new pa-
l- wIc(h has oppressed her for a consider- tient, w-hich will interest yu. Mlabel
e able time, and under the pre.,ure of RPtitla.nili was one engaged to he married
Which she has at length broken ,loitvn I to, Elward Layton, and I believe there was .
a could readily believe what her parents a deep and profound attachment between
t told me, that there were times where, she them."
Swas delirious for many hunt." "Yout startle me," he said, "arid have
"Has she been long ill" I inquired, given mne f:u:,d for thoughtt"
a "She has been confined to her bed," re- When he bade inme good night it. was
plied Dr. Daincourt, "since the '6th of with the dteterminatiomi to extract, it pos- -
- M1iIrch." sible, from Mabel Rutland's parents
"The i]th of March," I repeated; "the Eonte information respecting her mental
g day on hvich Mrs. Edward Layton was condition, which might, be used to her
found dead benefit. For my part,, I must confess to '
g Dr. Dainc,uurt started. "I did not give the hope, unreasonable as it nay appear, ,
that a though-zt," he said. that he may also I-e successful in obtaifn-
"Why siomdd you.`" I remarked. "I ing some information which will assistme -
may conte's .to you, doctor, that I apply in the etlucidation of the mystery upon
almost everything I hear to the case upon which I am employed. -
r wvhit h I ani engaged. I shall surprise you Cable.meisage from Mr. Bhiiihbridg; Lon-
even inurc wivhn I ask you whether, dur- don, to Mr. Archibald Laing, U. S.
Sin; tii.- tin-' you were in 32 Lavender "Give me what particitars you can of -
ST,-rii,:--, ;,ou heard the name of Edward Miss Mabel Rutland and her parents, and
SLay.L-)i mentionedd" of her brothers and sisters, if she has
'-No, replied Dr. Daincourt; "hisname any." --- .- .
) was iiot mentioned. Bainbridge, I know Cable message from Mr. Archibald Laing,
that you are not i-iven to idle talk; there LU. S., to Mr. Bainbrihlgc:Loudon.
- is al5-iviy ) ,tianiemaning in what you say." "Miss Mabel Rutland ias no sisters., ,
n"A-:.ur,:-dy," I said, "I am not in the She -lihas otly a t-in brother,.-,:iace, td0-'"'a
Smeood for idle talk just now. Events are whom she was passionately atti ',Q.d and -
nija-clinbg on, doctor, and I am inclined voteded. This brother and sister and
Sto think that we are on the brink of a dis- their parents comprise the family, Mr.
t cover. You have not yet told me all I Rutland is of an implacable and relentless
wish to know concerning Miss Mabel disposition, impatient of contradiction and
Rutland What members of the family obstinate to a degree. These qttalities
did you ntee'" :' were exercised in my favor some years
"Her mother, her father and herself," ago, when I paid court to Miss Rtttlapd,
e replied Dr. Daincourt. -. in the hope of making her my Wvife Her
"Do those comprise the whole of the father would have forced her into a' mar-
I familyy;" riage with me, but when I could nolonger
"I de not know; I did not inquire.", doubt that she loved Edward Layton, I
"'GivE me some description of her preferred to retire rather than render her
parents." -. unhappy. By so doing I think I won her
"Her father," said Dr. Daincourt, "is a esteem, and it is for hbr sake I wish Lay-
gentleman of about 60 years of age." ton to be cleared of the charge brought
Is th:-re any doubt in your mind that against him. It is my belief that she still'
he is a -.:nit!]m;ri Joves him, and she must be suffering ter-
'. "N,.t lie -cLI,test." ribly. If Layton is convicted it will break
"At.:th,.-,1 to Ids (laughter-entertain- her heart. I know very little of her
ing iit ri i.ctiou for her," brothca Eustace. He was at Oxford when
"I ,lijtd'l certainly say so, but at the I was in London, and I met him onlyonce
Same time not given to sentimental or twice. Mrs. Rutland is a sweet lady,
den-tin-al,,... .r gentle mannered, -kindly heartegl]nd I
"As it-,' character, now?" I asked, fear domineered over by her husbwd."
"Wi Li impression did he leave upon [TO BE CONTI"tD ]
"That he was stern, self willed, un- $oot Water for Plants.
bending. Hard to turn, I suspect, when Soot is.an excellent fertilizer for plants,
once te i-s resolved." especially pot plants. An easy manner
"Like his' brother," I observed, "Mr. of applying it is in water; tie the spot up
Jantes Rutland, who was on Layton's in a bag and place it in hot water, work-
trial. Those traits evidently run in the ing It around with the hands or a stick
family. NI;ow, as to his wife;"" until the water has washed the soot from -
"A gentle and amiable lady," said Dr. the bag; dilute with cold water. Soot
Daincourt, "some eight or ten years water is excellent for roses, abutilons,
younger than her husband; but her hair pelargorims and other flowering plants.
is already grayer than his; it. is almost When the pots are full of roots it ap-
white."" pears to be especially effective.
"She anil her daughter resemble each _____. .
other,". I remarked. Here and There.
"Yes; and there is also on the mother's The demand Is increasing t.hroughou-
face nn expression of devotion and sel The demand I increasing throughout o
sacrifice. Her eyes continually over- the country forwind mills thatwill not
flowed when we were speaking of her only pump water, but furnish power for
daughter." running various kinds of farm ma-
"Not sc the father's eyes?" chinery.
"No; but he showed no want of feel- If there Is any better variety-than the
iog." Langshans for winter layers, says West; .
"Still, doctor," I said, "you gather era Ploughman, we know nothing about
from your one visit to the house that he is them. "
the master of it-in every sense, I mean." From the report on pork packing In the '
"Most certainly the master United States, the pack for 1886-7, It.
"Ruling," I remarked, "with a rod of apars, amounted to 12,083,012 hogs'
Iron." against the pack of 11,208,607 hogp I -
"You put ideas into my head," said 1885-6. ." ...
Dr. Daincourt in a somewhat helpless In California Angora goats are ralsed.
"If they clash wih your own, say so." to some extent, and seem to be profitable,
"Te-ontcahwt yon u especially In mountain districts Thleir._
"eThe onc w y f brings fair prices,.and-thp young
am not prone so suddenly to take such de- aiasfrlhaar.ult~fma.-
cided views. I should say you are eight, anImal isha.f altyo .
Bainbridge, and" that, In his house Mr, ,.ye baa withstood the unzfavorable .
Rutland's will is law." m. eteorologIcal ; conditions'- better' than -. ..
"Would that be likely," I asked, "to wheat, an4.many farmers are-cultivating "
account, in any. way for the expression of this crop largely as a food for stock. ..-'+,: :'r"/
self sacrifice you observed on the faces of -. In -theo..what'* crops of 1886 Dakota"*-' .'"f
m other a nd daughter?" Sdc s sixth on the list -' ".. :-
It might be s,"sa^ld Dr. Dalncourt :..-,nda_, s ;cth.. .. """ce'
t h o u g h tf u ll y B e i' l ut d .a I iit e c h e T el i an c In t h e ; .
,,P ,-,oe d o ,,, ,,' ,,d "[ad t l m e a l u hs erah r t f._pr pasture.. I3I)1 -not ;,:t ... .-i -
that passed.": ;,"... ;i,; i. f.:t I' h, n- rim -J*, -,. .T.tt'+: .^..f':-.. .
'Dalaconrt. / "It'lnioir1dthe 1pa^euZ&g<1^;,,eljbagp~ gjrMfllo^va.
their" daghter was Sufferig more trem. _ponhd o .'."f watrt. '- ;-,.
mental than from physical causes; that i~1DD)SOth 11s .forj coBE6t druig'storg- ":*i'
was cear to me thatU 'orewasahea.y- ncoia "y _np Ilt., I -'-":+-':+
...~ .. I..I. flf._tf .,lv,-'.- -.?a , .. L +".
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. JUNE 8, 1887.
for the buildings have been let and men
-:C tlr ,t H, ~ are now at work clearing the land.
These gentlemen will give employment
to quite a considerable number of men.
State News in Brief, who will gather the moss for the mill.
-The rice .birds have done great dam- -The iron lighthouse for the Govern-
age to young oats in Jefferson county, ment, to be placed on Anclote Key, be-
-Clear Water is to have a novelty tween Cedar andTampa Keys, is a Akele-
workshop and general planing mill in a ton lighthouse l.6 feet high from ihe
short time. base to the top of the lantern chamber.
-J, A. Grice, living near Tallahassee, It consists of a hollow central shaft six
feet7^ K six nhsi imte rseur? db
is boasting of onions 15& inches in cir- feet six inches in diameter, secured by
cumference. They are from seed grown heavy posts fastened with radial struts
by him originally. of the Bermuda va- and stiffened by wrought iron diagonal
tie bolts. When in position it will hare
riety, a concrete foundation four feet deep
-The strawberry industry was a pay- and thirty-eight feet square. The lantern
ing business this season. Mr. D. S. Wil- chamber'is reached by a spiral iron stair-
liamns, of Panasoffkee, has shipped 13.500 case inside the central shaft. The door-
quarts from twoand three-quarters acres ways and windows are solidly storm-
realizing a handsome profit, proof. Just below the lantern chamber
-Over 90 houses have been built in is the watch room whence the oil is
Titusville during the past six months, pumped to the lantern. This room is
S and there are about 200 houses in the lighted by port holes in'the floor solidly
town. There are a large number of glazed. The lantern chamber itself is a
buildings being planned, and a great marvel of the iron worker's handi-
S many contracts already let for more dur- craft. It is octagonal in shape and is
ing the summer. about ten feet high. The light and the
-The Ohipley merchants so far have glass sides of the chamber are being
bought some sixty bales of wool and made in France. It took five months to
have contracts on hand for a consider- construct the lighthouse, but the work-
able quantity more. Prices seem to be men to be sent to Florida can erect the
on the ascendant and both farmers and structure in three weeks. The lighthouse
merchants this season will make money, will cost the Government $11,000 and
-Messrs. Harris & Gates' watermel- weighs only seventy-five tois. It is sor
on patch, amounting toill.i acres, near cleverly knit together that if the water
Sparr, is now in splendid condition and saps away its foundation it can e l-
the juicy things will soon -be ready for led to another resting place.
shipment. They contemplate making 0
their first shipment about the middle of THE RECLAIMED LANDS.
-Capt. R. F. Fleming, of New (;Gaines- Judge Kelley's Impressions of
ville,is the owner of a cow that gives the Kissimmee Region
sitgallons of pure, rich milk every day. e ssimmee egion.
He had the cow shipped there from his (FT.om a letter t., the M ia.tiurers Reord.I
place in South Carolina. As a milch Early ou tie morning of the 17th of
cow she i2 worth a whole herd of -omn- March I stnal ted from Kissimmee City to,
mon Florida cSws. visit St. Cloud, a large experimental
-The crop of LeConte pears, peaches farm under the charge of Capt. r. E.
and grapes in Waldo will be unusually Rose. the farms of the brothers Lupfer,
large. Each year but adds to the im- and, if time permitted, some others.
portanceof these crops, and the inica- IOur route for Feveral miles was through
portaneow sbow that Wacropsldo ill shipnd immense stretches of black vegetable
tions now show these this season than mold, that had been reclaimed by drain-
anymore other point in Florida. son than ing East Lake of itsoverflow. On either
Sany other point in Florida, n ^^ ^^
side of ihe broad roads were ditches of
-A party at Chipley, in the interest sufficient depth to carry off the flow of
-of the Georgia Central is preparing esti- springs, which seemed to abound, and
mates for a road from Atlanta through there surplus rain which falls during the
Chipley to St. Andrew's Bay. The ob- autumn; but nowhere did we see a cut
ject is to get there ahead of tue rival deep enough to show the depth of the
system who desire to secure the only re- rsoil. The drainage of the immense body
gaining deep water harbor on theGulf, f these lands which surrounds East
-Colonel G. W. Scott, of Atlanta, and Lake has bcen effected by the construc-
Mr. Singleton, of Alabama, returned a tion of what the report of a State Co n-
few days since from the phosphate beds mission describes as "a canal to and into
of Wakulla. The Colonel is an old phlios- Lake Tohopekaliga, t.he length of which
phate manufacturer and he says that is three and two-tenths miles, the width
there is no doubt about the excellency from thirty-three to thirty-six feet, and
of the quality of the Wakulla phos- the depth four to seven feet." The av-
phates. 4 erage current through this canal is said
-There is growing on a barbed wire to be one and a half miles per hour. St.
fence between the groves of Mr. Wiikins Cloud, or the Rose farm, as it is popu-
and Percy McDonald, at McDonald Sta- larly called is on the west bank of East
tion, T. 0. & A. R. R., a grape vine three Lake Tohopekaliga. and is intersected by
years old, measuring on the fence 17';-.2 the canal. It is no longer an experiment.
feet long. The various branches, if all None of the land included in this farm
measured would amount to at least a has been under cultivation three years.
quarter ot a mile. and most of the crop we saw here and at
--Mr. Jacob Summerlin, of Orlando, Lupfer's had been planted in freshly
buried 1,000 ornges on the lth of last broken sod. Notwithstanding the fresh-
January, and Reet them buried until a ness and probable sourness of the. soil,
few das since, when he took them up. we found on each of these places a dem-
They were found to be very palatable, onstration of the fact that all the vegeta-
They were found and juicy.to be very pala. S. saysbe bles and berries that can be grown in
being sound and juicy Mr sas hPennsylvania and New Jersey can be
sees where he made a mistake in the pr ein Flora with es care and
process and can make a most decided o duced'in Flor ida with ee m arketable eandg
improvement next season. labor. We lid not see marketable egg
improvementplants or cauliflowers, because the extra.
-The schedule of die steamer Rock- ordinary price that hadl been offered by
ledge is changed, so that she now leaves New Yoik commission houses for the
Titusville for.pointy south at S a. m. on February crop of these vegetables had
Monday. Wednesday and Fridays. Re- led to the shipment of every marketable
turning north, she leaves Melbourne on one that could be gathered. The beds
Tuesday, Thursdays and Saturdays at .5 ot sugar-cane, sorghum and other sac-
a. m., making connections at Titusville charine plants are in charge of a gentle-
with outgoing train for Jacksonvillp at maii from Louisiana, of largeexperience
12 noon. in sugar growing. Cane nad already
-The side-t heel steamer, Indian Riv- attained an average height of about a
er and the triple-propeller Haulover, ply- foot, though we were assured that Lou-
ing on Indian River, arrived af Titus- isiana planters, fearing frost, do not care
ville Friday on their way to New York, to begin working cane until after St.
for overhauling and repairs. The steam- Patrick's Day. It was alEo said that,
ers are owned by Lorillard, the tobacco on ing to the longer season. Florida cane
magnate. After being repaired the first always tasseled,whilea stock that lasseled
named steamer will return to Indian in Louisiana was an exception in a field.
SRiver, butbe Haulover will withdraw In the barn-yard we were shown several
from the Ude. stacks of rice straw, which is said to be
-Mr. Gillespie, oP Lake Parker, has a nutritious fodder of which cattle and
the champion 'gator story of the season horses are very fond. We also saw bins
so far. He killed one in Lake Parker full of beautiful rice which had been're-
one night last week that measured five served as seed for this year's crop.
feet in length, but did not secure it. The Leaving St. Cloud, we passe] along
followingnight he was fortunateenougb the north beach of the lake, which is a
to get one ten and one-half feet long. natural sand road that is said to require
Upon opening it the smaller 'gator was no repairing, to the Lupfer's farms.
fund. He is quite positive that it was Each of Ihese contains about forty
the one he shot the night before, as he acres, and neither of them has been one-
recognized it by the crushed skull, half cleared of the magnificent cypress
-Dr. Schaffranek, of Palaitka, has trees, some of which had probably for
o h Pent' centuries shaded the swamp of which
some specimens ot his Peen-to and these farms had been part. The Messrs.
Honey peaches which were taken from Lupfer grew- up, together on a farm in
his three-year-old trees. The peaches Franklin county Pennsylvania. Find-
were very large and luscious. He also ing the little homestead too contracted,
shows samples of his blackberries and thy had emigrated to Kansas, where
raspberries which he is successfully t Kansas where
growiag,rand which she ia successfully after a few years the rigor of the climate
growing, and which show a heavy fruit- affected the health of the wife of one of
age. His raspberry vines last year bore ted, thehey yi ded totheadve of
twothem, when they yielded to the advice of
the other in the fall. The spring cro their kinsman, Ciolonel McClure, of. the
thseais s ver heavyand he sng Phiadelphia Times, who passes part of
-thesv to yielA gaind h fall ,11 every winter in the South, sold their
the. ves to yield again thiss farms, and setd eah on r,
-Mr. J. V. Burke, ot Bronson. has acres of cypress land on the west bank of
sold ot the Williams & Swann land, dur- East Lake Tohopekaliga. This is but
itg the past week, some 34,000 acres to a their second year, yet they have ac-
Michigan syndicate. The purchase is in counts from their Northern agents to
central Levy county, and. includes some show that they have sold a 7onslderable
of thedfinest timber lands in Florida. The succession of crops at very remunerative
syndicate will erect a large mill, which prices -
will doubtless be the finest and most ex- Pointing with enthusiasm to a mag-
I tensive in.the State in.the course of a nificent cypress that stood in the midst
few menuts, and will cut lumber on a of the cleared land of one of the brothers,
large scale. At the same time they will I queried as to its probable age. He
-. set an immigration scheme on foot to was confident that it was much more
bringpeople from the Northwest to oc- than a century old and thought it prob-
, -cupy. the lands they have purchased. able that it was in its third century. He,
- -The Florida Land an'd Colonization too, had admire it, and had hoped to
Company -have sold to Messrs. Cooley &' save it, burgood farming required him
.. .Ttnier; -two capitalists from Chicago, to remove it.- In repT-.to a suggestion
three ainddhalf acres.of.lanid.w est of the that the cost of clearing land of a forest
:'- _. Sanfbrd saw milL near Sanford,. where of suchriees-as had covered his, he told
t" they *ill erect erfe'nsive byuldings^'ar-d 'hethat each tree more than paid for its
*' -establish a' factory--for-thieop-rposeb.f *remioval,as they could be floated to a
.--- ---manufacturing excelsior moss;of the nitarket through., the- canal and lakes,
i'- .. best-gfade... .The purchase-.was- mad- and cipress lumber as in quick de-
,. only idayaor -so, ago,.-andfliteconetract- _mnhd.' Here JI ranked .the question of
... -" -- ..-_-n.'- , --~ -f---A .- : .:
-: -. -% -- %.-rt -_- n_ -. ":- ... -. .
the pay of farm laborers, and was sur-
prised to learn that the Messrs. Lupfer
had not paid such annual wages in Pen-
syl Ivania or Kansas as they were doing in
Florida. Their laborersi were mostly
colored men and the wage welie $1.25
per day. or a dollar with ratiOnu&, .I tlie
men eh,,se. It. may not be iutpr,.tler foi
te to, remark inr passin-', that all the
farmer of which I have spoken, aid loth-
ers which time did not permit us to
visit, are contiguous to the picturesquie
site laid out for the new town of Runny-
mead, in which it is intended that a
young orange grove shall be part of
every lot offered for sale as a home. On
my return to Kissimntee City, I ad-
dressed a note to Captain Rose, contain-
inrg some inquiries as to the certainty
and profits of crops on reclaimed lands,
an'i received the following note tinder
the date of the 19llI of March:
--In reply to your Inquiries as to the
products of the reclaimed lands of the
Kissimmee Valley, I take pleasure in in-
forming you that sugar-cane planted one
year after reclamation yielded sugar at
the rate of five thousand pounds per
acre by the use of the most primitive ap-
paratus, the test and work having been
made under the control of Hon. John
M. Bryan and Clay Coleman, Esq. With
improved apparatus the yield would
have been fully one-fourth more. Rice
at St. Cloud in similar land netted 1,6)0
bushels from forty acres, after a loss of
at least one-third, owing to loss in.iden-
tal toa new enterprise and inexperienced
laborers. From two and one-fifth acres
of fair average ground, which had been
reclaimed but cne year. I gathered and
sacked 14 bushels of rice, being 67.7
bushels per acre. The rice was planted
August 1st and 15th, cut and harvested
December let to 10th, much loss occur-
ring from want of proper appliances.
Other crops, cin. vegetables, etc., have
done well, oats in particular, heing now
ready for harvest i March 191hi. The
yield isestimated at piesent at about 50
bushels per acre. Tobacco will be
planted soon, aud from all former expe
rience it should do as well as in Cuba."
Taking a steam tug on the lbth of
March, I crossed Lake Tohopukaliga to
South Port, at which point we entered a
canal, which is 3.6 miles long, 70 feet
wide and from. 5to 8 feet deep, which
runs into Cypress Lake. While passing
through thiis canal, I *as greatly im
pr-essed by the numberof fine cattle tMat
were grazing on the "hat'lsl ri-asses,
which soon cover reclaimed land, all of
which were in excellent condition. A
threatened gust prevented our crossing
Cypress Late and drove us back to
South Port, which we reached in time to
find shelter in the hospitable home of
Mr. A. S. Kinsman, who, in 18S3,
brought with him from Central New
York the experience derived from years
of successful farming, his fine stock aid
the most approved agricultural imple-
ments known to the farmers of the
country. We found him in the field
with his men. arid were greeted by himn
as though we had been life-long friends.
The win-d rose to a gale, before which he
and his men retired to shelter. 'During
the hours of conversation with which he
gratified me, Mr. Kinsman more than'
confirmed the most enthusiastic state-
merts of Captain Rose and the Lupfers.
as to the profits yielded by early veg-
etables, aAd as to Florida's adaptation to
the culture of sugar,. rice and high grade
tobacco. In confirmation of what he
said about sugar growing. he invited our
attention to the fact that the cane
planted at Soulth Port. Irom which his
land was divided by the drainage canal
bv Captain Rose in 1-43 ftor purely
experimental purposes, and which had
been neglected since its first crop had
been gathered. had put forth each year,
as it was now doing, what would ,e a
paying crcp ot cane if sugar works to
consume it existed. The object with
which CaptainRose had planted this
field of cane, to which my attention had
Been invited as our steamer entered the
canal, wnas not to ascertain whether
sugar cane could be grown successfully,
but to obtain specimens of Florida cane
for exhibition in competition with the
displays to be made by Louisiana and
Mexico at the then contemplated exhi-
bitions at New Orleans and Jacksonville,
at both of which the premium was
awarded to this crop.
While at Kissimmee I was a guest at
the Tropical Hotel. When in the dining-
room one day, I heard a gentleman, who
appeared to be intimate with Egyptian
affairs, say that the reclaimed lands of
Florida partook of the character of the
most productive laud of the valley of
the Nile. Learning that the author of
this statement had been sent Iby the
British Government on several missions
to Egypi, which required him to investi-
gate the condition of laborers and the
management of the lands of the valley,
I sought to learn more of him. He
proved to be Mr. H. Villiers Stuart, of
Dromana. County Waterford, who, hav-
ing been a member of successive Parlia-
ments. had declined to contest the last
election, because he desired to develop
the large body of lands he had purchased
in Orange county. Florida. His duties
a 'a government commisstouer linad re-
.quired him to investigate questions re-
laling to the cost of production and the
compensation paid laborers in the valley
of the Nile. I need hardly add to this
statement that I found Mr. Stuart an
educated, intelligent and practical man.
Among other information he gave me,
was that he had purchased both upland
and reclaimed uands, and that his son
would come over and engage with Cap-
tain Rose in the management of St.
Cloud for from one to three years, prepar-
atory to taking charge of the cultivation
of farms, which- would be respectively
devoted to winter vegetables for North-
ern markets and sucfh staples as rice,
sugar and tobacco. "He said that the
chai-acter of his reclaimed fields was
identical with that of the best Nile'fields,
and- added that both required, though in
different degrees, an annual overflow,
that in Florida being less heavy and
more gentle than that required -by the
.Nile, and that to deepen or widen the
.dajnage canals sufficiently to carry off
J. W. SMITH,
bergti. Signal Corps, U. S. A.
Ladies' Purchasing Agency.
A New York lady of experience and
taste, enjoying the best facilities for
shopping under advantageous condi-
tions, offers ber services to ladies desir-
ing to secure any kind of wearing ap-
parel, toilet articles or household goods,
at New York prices. Send for circular.
Address M.S. S. S. Jones,
'- 179 GatesAve., Brooklyn, N, Y.
_..... _, ,....... -t
Groves where Williams, Clark & Co's
Orange Tree Fertilizer has been used are
looking finely. --- '"
WLI.AXMS, CLARBK-& -Co.
as it fell the apparent excess of autum-
nal rain would, in hit judgment, inflict
great, and possibly irreparable initjury
upon the vast fields already reclaimed.
andl the immeasurably greater fields yet
to be drained.
The Florida Farmer's Feathered
Friends and Foes.
EYT REV. H. -2. WELCH.
My English mulberry tree is just now
good'1 study ground oi-r bird lovers. TheI"
birds take all the berries they want.
but, except in the case ot two of them.
I do not giudge them what they eat.
These two are the crow and the blue jay.
These birds have been tried and con-
denned for high crtme? and misdemsau-
ors, and are turned over to every sports-
man as lawful game. They are the ene-
mies of their own kind, and should be
shot on sight. Such a lover and writer
on birds as Mr. Samuels, confesses he
has been obliged to give up the crow. It
is not so much for his fondness for curn
just planted. In this weakness he is
surpassed by the crow-blackbird, or pur-
ple grakle, which we see here in winter
in flocks on newly plowed fields.
The crow mighfit set off against his
thievish propensity, his services as de-
-troyer of grubs injurious to vegetation.
But'the crow loves to get up a dainty
meal by robbing nests of other birds of
their eggs and the young H;irds. This is
enough to cast him out of the good
graces of the most enthusiastic friend of
birds. We will turn him over to
the tender mercies of the small boy, who
is anxious to try a new gun. And to
the same boy we will cousin the blue
jay, a bird that coes about in gay plu-
mage and sings shockingly-a solemn
warning to youug girls not to devote
more attention re dress than they do to
their voice; for tL his blue jav is also a
sort of cannibal, stealing the eggs and
the young of other birds for his break-
fast. Blaze, away at them, boys, and
don't spare your powder. The other
birds will sing theirthanks to you.
But these are not all that visit my
mulberry tree. The mocking bird is
there, of course, daring, familiar, and
saucy as everywhere, flying into the tree
and out, cocking up its tail and giving
chaEe to the crow when the slam of my
screen joor scares that bird out of the
trite. I have I-een tryiugtofindout why
the male and female mraocing bird are
so little different from one another in
color, or rather, so much alike
I cannot distinguish 'them. Other
eyes may be keener, and can tell the one
from the other at sight. Perhaps the
male bird has to content himself with
sober plumage, because his voice makes
him sufficiently more eonspicitous than
his mate. He must be satisfied with
that. With h'is peculiar temperament
he would be uuendurabl', I fancy, if. in
addition to hi- rollicking music', he were
gay with a coat of rmany colors. The
bobolink is gay, and a noted singer, too.
but then he is a more amiable bird, aud
not given, like the mocking bird, to put-
ting on airs. %
But the bird of all birds, the most
graceful when running, the most atten-
tive and affectionate when mated, the
most like the dove in the cooing com-
panionship. is the quail, or partridge-
which is it? At the North they call it
quail. At the South it i-partridge. He
says, "()hl Bob Whitel" and his scien-
tific name is O/ly'. Uirgiriaii,s. Tenny
eailsjt al quail. Samuels says quail is
not a proper name for it. Who shall
d.lide when doctors di-agiee? It would
weem that Samuels must be right, ior
this Ortlye \'irgitiauis is iu the par-
tridge family, and the so-called partridge
of New Eugland is in the gtoiise family.
If this is the correct view, we have the
grouse and the partridge remaining to
us, solid facts in natural history. But
then we lose the quail altogether, and
how can we get along without "'-qluail on
toast.?" So, I tote to call the bird quail
In spite of science.
I love to see this bird. running in and
out of shelter, never flying up when I
appear at ilhe door, shy as a maiden, but
not afraid. I bid him welcoffme to all the
berries which he can pick up, which are
few. I thank him for all the insects he
eats, which are many, and I count him
an invaluable helper in my agricultural
POMONA, Putnam county, Fla.
The foliowil ng table, :ocripdel from the records
I' the Jack onvrile signaf Station by Sergt. J.
W. Smith. represents tLhe temperature, condition
of weather, rainfall and dheetion ol wind for
the month of Jtune, as. observed at the Jack-
sonr ille station durmg the past 15 years:
"We Know by Experience."
For three years we have used Bral-
ley.v's Vegetahle" Fertilizer. After test-
ing along wiihl other high grade fertil-
izelr, e p.-ronnoiince it better than any
sold in Florida. We shall use it again
We dJo, not hesitate to _ayI, tI tie vege-
tible growelis )f Flot ida '[hat they can-
unot use anything so good as Brailley's
Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. We know
by expe-ience what we say regarding
WOFFOrM) i& WtLLtER.
Ft. Mason. Fla.
Seed Irish Potatoes.
The bert potatoes for planting iu this
State are those brought from extreme
Eastern points. Acting on this belief,
we imported last year from
large quantities of Early Rose. Chili
Red, Beauty of Hebr..n an, other varie-
ties, and the potatoes raised from this
seed, were the finest we have ever seen
We will receive, ip a few days another
cargo of the same potatoes, which we
will sell at the following prices:
Chili Red........per barrel $8.50.
Early Ro .se ............... ..$3.00.
Beauty of Hebron......... .$3..
Every barrel guaranteed as represented.
Remit-with order, and we will ship the
Ct-'HURCH ANDERSON & CO.
Jacksonville. Fla., Jan. 5th. 1b5.
JACKSONVILLE. June t2, i!S7.
MEKATS-D. S-. short ribs boxed, N12-';; D. [..
long clear sides &? 12k:: D. 5. bellies $E 12;:"
smoked shoit ribs ;6; smoked beliise : .I;
S('. hams, canvaised fancy, Lec; S. (. break
last bacon, ,:.anvassedt I(1i: S. C. shioul-
ders, canvassed, cc; iathLiuo la or pic-
nic hanms, 8,ec. Lard-rilned rtiereces 7'.(;
Mess beef-barr'el 0In.", half barrelts&75; me-s
pork S17.'0. These quotatton6 are lor round
lots from first hands; whole cattle 71i;
dre-,ed h LgS i,'-c; 'beep S-':; pork sausage c:
loin' 1i'; belongg, bologna 7c; head chcse t.:;
Fr&ankorlt sausage t".c. round, 6c.
Bu-iER--Beit tale a J3,Se per pound,
ookliug I,.2Ue per pound.
Grain. Flonr. Hflay, Feed, Hides. Etc.
GRAIN Corn The market ii weaket
the ioliow-ing fdeures represent to-day's
values:, We Quote white corn. Job lots,
c,... per bushel: car load lots wc per
ouis-nel, mixed cornjob lots, 62c per busn-i;
oar load lots F,Me per bushel. Oats quiet
and firm at the followinE figures: mixed,
in Job lots, 4l.c,' car load lots We; white
oatslare 22e higher aii round, BranL stady
and higner,t$22 to 8- per ton. d
HAY-The market is firm and better de-
mand Ior" geood grades. Western chiAce,
mail tales, .lia 6. per ton; car load lots 817 0
tO917 T' per ton; Eastern hay IVi per ton.
PEARL GRITS AND MEAL-: 3 10 per oarrel.
FLorr--We:.ker, be't patents l-.'6 .usfm'VO;
good 'am ilh'i i.i.?455 I"; common 5i 26.
PEAs-Birt.k Eye. 81 ..' pe.r bushel.
GROrND FEED-Per ton S24 to t6i.
CoEFEE--treen Rio 24,'('25c per pound.
Java, roasit:d,.3,'-5.l, Mocas, roasted, 2-eU0e;
Red. roasted, 234,,25c.
CCO-ON SEED MEAL-S-carce and higner.
.-lea Island or dark meal -20 per -ton, lrigght
.ir short cotton meal S'2 ti002i,2 (0 per tn.
ToBAccohrEUs-MarK6ltquiet but rinM (@,
3 0Xi to 814 C( perto 'o
LrsrE- Eastern, job lot, IlU 00per harrei, A ia-
oama litme I1I. Cement--.Xmenrtean 201,
egnlig-h -i4 75 per barrel.
RICE-The quotations vary, according to
luanttv fr..m 3i,..56c per pound.
SALi-LiverpoOl, per s'ack, t 0; per car
HaDE.-Dryv flint, cow, per souud, first
lIs., i21.ale"; rAnd countryy dry salted li.5
ILc; ..u-itchers dry salted 9,$(9c. Skins-Deer
fl e, lte: sa led te.i(Fd2c. Furs-Otter, winter,
each 25.:i.-.i; raccoon In,.ii2O;e wild cat I0)&'-Nc,
lox i Ei& e. SBeswas, per pound. ISc; wool
free from. burs '121.2'C; burry, 10,116c; goat
idns 10u,425c apiece.
CEnrsx--Fine Creamery 16, per pound.
LrvF POULrRY--LUmied supply and good
-lemand as follows: aens 1ic; mixed .Sc; haf-
grown ,e. They are scarce and Ingreatde-
Eoos-Duval County 17 per dozeu with
a inited demand and good supply.
IR.sH PorT.TOEs-NortuLern potatoes -13 25
ONtoNa-Bermutdas. 2 Q"' per crate; Egy ptn'm
$35'' ,"r ,r,te.
Florida cabbage,81 75Q20) per barrel. They
are a drug on thlie market.
NEw BrTS-Florida, per crate, $2 it).
CAUrLiFLOWERS-Por barrel, Si00, and 6175
Toh(Aroma-Florlda, per crate, 75c Itol.50;
Lake Worthb, .2 5to $32.'5.
NoRTHxERN TuTNrrp-Good supply at 1225
-SQtAsu-Per crate, $1 25.
SNAP BEANs-Per crate, 6100.
NEW POrATOES-Per barrel, 83 50, with good
CUCUTNsER--Per box. $2 00.
Foreign and Domestic Frtllm.
PfrE .APPLES--I 76 to $2 00 per dozen.
LEmONs--Messinas, $-i (m per box.
FIos--In layers S13c.
SDATES-Perslan-Boxes 9c; Frails 7c.
OR&oas--.Florlda-Per oox $375 to 6500.
Bxri.NANS-Good supply; from 75c. to. $200
per bunch. "
NuTs-Almnionds 1Sc; Brazils 1i; TiFUBerts
ilely 12c; Engllsb walnuts, Grenobles, 18c;
Marbors, i5c; Pecans lc; Peanuts S6%
Cocoanuts 5 50 per hundred.
RASINS--London layers, 6:50 per box.
?RA.NBjSaB&Es---27 per crate; $1000 per
BcrT-ariN-Creamery 20c; Extra Dairy
Ltc* Dairy 15.
aisEa-HalI skim lOc, cream 18c per
pr.,lcnEs-Peen-To, 75c to 62 50 per cra'e;
Georgla, EIc o 75L per crat e.
APPEe-Gengras, 76c per.crate.
PLUt-s- Gengras, 75c per casket,
The foUowIng qotatilons are carefully re
vised for Wednesday's and Saturday's paper
from quotations ftilahlied by dealers in toe
Carrots wholesale, at 6350 per barrel, and
retail ai ,0 cents per peck.
Green Onions wholesale at 60 cents per
hundred, and retail S cents per bunch.
Florida Cabbage wholesale $2 00 per~bamrel
and retail at 5 to 10 cents.
Quail wholesale at 10.cents each and retail
at 15 cents, or two for a quarter.
Oranges wholesale at 110 lo 5 00 per box,
and retail at5 cents.
Spinage wholesales at 76c per bushel and
retails at four quarts for 26 cents. -
Sweet Potatoes wholesale at 60 cents per
bushel, and retail aL5 cents per quart.
Lettuce wholesales atl6c@20 cents per dozen
beads, and retail at S cents per bead.'
Parsnips wholesale at $2 75 per barreland
retail at four and five for 10 cen Is.
Robins wholesale at 6 cents each-and retail
.at l0 cents: .- -
.Celery wholesale, at 50 to 60 centu per dozen
and retail at three'to four stalks for 25 cents,
according to size. .- .
Eggsl-are In fair demand. Duvai cotinty
efls art'quoted at wholesale at Jl cents
per dozen, and retail at 20 cents.
Thbi powder never v.aries. A marvel of
purityv. trenrthb and wholesomeness. More
eeoniulcai tian the ordinary kinds, and
cannot be sold lu compeutlon with the,-
multitude of0 Ion' ct, ,bor' weight alum or.
phosphate powdeis. S&:ui'i el in caoi,
ROYAL BAKING PuWti'ER CO., ltld Wall St..
BOStOn marrowfat squabes wholesale at
Boston marrowfat E'iuasnes wholesale at
2.50 per barrel, retail at 5, 10 and 15 cents- -
New York Irish potatoes wholesale at2 75 to
Ir'2 per barrel and retailat 10 cents per quarto.
Northern beets are worth wholesale $260
per barrel, and retail at Ill cents perquart,
or two quarts lor l1,5cent,.
Rad-shes brine st wuole.aie 15 to 20 cents .
per dozen bun.'Ee of sevEn radisLes each.
.1ev retail at 65 cents per bunta, or tbree
ounche.- for 10 cents.
Live poultry--hi:.ken-, wholesale, from 15
to 40) cents each; letawd P) to 60 cents each.
Dressed poultry per p.o'und-cholckens retad,
lI to24) rent. 'urkeys, wolesaile, it.')) to
$1.75 each, and retail at '21) cents' per pound..
Norruern meats retail as follows: Chicago
teef rom 16 to "2,i cert, per pound; Florida
beef t to 15 cent.- per pound; veal 20 to 2acents;
pork 12 to 15 cenitt; mntton,10 to 27) cants,
venison 25 cents; sausage 15 cents; corned.
oeet 10 cents.
LEAF TOBACCO MARKET.
BALTIMORE, June 4 -The better grades
O[ Maryland toja.aco .arE in ttctive demand,
but toe stock is reduced. Thl,'re is little de-
mand foIr the p:.oreir grades of Maryland, or
for We.tern toba..'.o Vir'inia .choice sells 5a
with Maryland at from z10 tfo 11f5 per i. .:
NEW.- YORK, June 4.-The Westeriir '
leaf market is quLiet .Pennsylvania selec- :
lions are In demand, but the stook is light. I. -
takes a-very dne arti:Ile to bring $15. .
Haviana t.:.baco is very- active at price.
rauginf from N) rents to $1.10 per -pou.nd.
Sumatra quiet at$l.20 to $1.50per..pound..- -
ST. LOUIS,' June 4.-The demand, is
good. and the market flrm tid all grades.
SRICHMIOND, June 4.-Lugs are selling at
Erom 3 to 6 cents, and leaf from d to 12. Good
grades in active request. ,
SAVANNAH COTTON MARKET.
AVAXNNA-.H,,June 4.-The Upland Cotiou- -..
Market closed firm at the roilowln-Ing quota- -
Middling flair 113-16
Good mindding 109-16
Mlddllng ..... 10 5-16
.Fow m Ilddlhng.............M.................. 10 1-16
tGood ordinary .. 9 13-16 .
'The net receipts were .55 bales: gross re-
c.lpts 56 bales; sales I bales; stock at this
port:3' r12 bales.
Exports to toe Conttffilnt -, exports coast-
SEA ISLAND COTTON.
The market is qCilet and nominal at un-
changed quotations. Little stock for sale'aud
,csrcel.v any arriving.
Common Florldas 15
Good Medium. 17
Medium fine is
Extra fine.... 22
Bees and Queens.
Orders will be booked now f'or delivery dur-
Iong April, May or June, of my superior race
SItalian Beoos anl QuO ns.
Queens by mall a specially.
Give me a trial older.
For prices or other Inlormatlon, address
H. C. HART,
Enstis, Orange Co., Fla
'B N. ELLIS,C.E. : A"S E. MCOLUlRE, Architect,
ELLIS & McCLURE,.
Architects & Civil Enineers,
HOTELS, PUBLIC S PRIVATE BUILD-
INuS, SAN1ITAG.RY-E rNIG ERING, &o.
P. 0. ox 784. Rooms 7 and 8 Palmett6 Block
Bay Street. .
FREE, ONE SAMPLE COPY.
Before yon decide where to go In SOUTB
FLORIDA, send for a sample copy of.
THIE ORANGE GIOVE. .I ..
You will find better and cheaper bargalns in ..
MANATEE County In groves farms, randbes_.ofr,
any size. Building Iota on railroad, river orsea-
aide. The proprietor of '"The Orange Grove," iIs
an "old timer," but netther moss. back'd or AIde
bound; he Is here to stay an "'There Is millions
Init." Three Millions ofAcreson'his Bootks: .
Address, THE GROVE, LIVERPOOL, FLA.
Suited to the Soil and Climate of
Grown and for Sale at ,
SAN LUI MID ADAMALII. -7'!
-E. DUBOIS, anagerIO i -
Send for Catalogue and od'der early.. 'S alo,.:-
or Price List of -
* .. .... -"' "* ": .V:. ^ /v -6
JL 4-7 -x
TEllP. WEAT ER. na a
137s I0 170 1t 6 7 17 i; s7
I17,3 96O i '- i' lt I 6.41 SW
1874 M r4 1 8 6 1 E..Ri' SW
175 Sf n2 8o 15 14 i 5 41 SW
l 17d 9 81t 81 2 7 12 II 4 17 E
"IE77 K' 3' ?2 r2 16 I' 22 9.47 SW
1878 1.0 e6 6" e Itb 8 b.,,3 E
1879 49 62 ;" ti I I 1 26 E
a1881) 0 69 "?' A l 1I 3 3.-K SW
1881 990 8 t6 1 II I) 2 .S: SW
ilM2 9 6 tt5 Il 7 1; 6 5 148 W
183 15 6'0 Ml 5 17 8 7.05 4"W
1i4 y' 26! 77 2 1.1 16 6.$ *-SW
18.5 il i6 S. 4 6 t 1" &98 SW
i18m.4 1e 67 .1l .3 22 5 1 73 SE