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UFPKY NEH LSTA



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055763/00023
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1887)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 3 v. : ill. ; 50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: C.H. Jones & Brother
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: June 1, 1887
Publication Date: 1887-1889
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 5, 1887)-v. 3, no. 3 (Jan. 16, 1889).
General Note: A.H. Curtiss, editor.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000454290
oclc - 11040152
notis - ACL6442
lccn - sn 95026760
System ID: UF00055763:00023
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

Full Text
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VOL. I--NO. 22. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., WEDNESDAY. JUNE 1, 1887.


P $CE $2.:A YEAR


TEOSINTE IN POLK. COUNTY.

Its Characteristics and Mode ol
Culture Described.
E'ari F- ..ritia Fa,-itr .11 Pi tii -Gri. -t .,r-i--
This valuable forage plant is at pres-
ent attracting great attention through-
out the Sotiit'i. anId I think deseedivy so,
for the reason that a greater %eigb't ot
green iood can be raised front an acre ol
it than from any' ocher forage plant yel
intr,.uced.
A gentleman from Augusta. i;a.. tc
whom I sent a few need, wrote me that
he h:d i-ne plant that w-igied l:i
.poUnds. It had 54 -tiks 3ver .'irg =
feet high. Of c--uie that i.-s escer-
tionally tine, but it only shows what it
is ..apa'ble of dIing under favorable cir-
cumstances. An acre of rich land at
th-,t rate. would yield moiit? than 1,0n)l
tons -if f.li.ige -for gre'u feed r)I en-i-
lag.- "
I h-ave-gr-.wa it now fur two -,ears and
each time matuied the seed, and am
moi)- than ever C011irlivU,i:ed thart it 1- the
forage plant parexcellence. ne--.rgettting
hard like other sorghums., antid po-:---
ing rnore go-d -lualitis than any knarwn
gra--.
-ultiratin is a3 follr.:: I plant thle
:etd about March 1 iatrer getting the
laud in tzoid order i, in Iows fqur :ind
a half feet apart andI dip tv-:i or three
se-d every tc:s feet. I .s- ou w as it is
through the ground I commence to cul-
tiva.te. This is venr tmpgoitant, a- it
gives.tle young plant a gio,- itai t and
makes it usbh forward very rapidly. If
all the seed conime up not. more than one
plant should'be left. Atier it bas at-
tarted-a gronthi ofab,:ut twelve inches.
c l, uhivation houlil he shallow, .as the
roois'rui near tbe surface. It will soon
sh'.de tbeground, as it suc:kets out enor-
S. .-monalYo when it wili require ne, lai'tber
-." attention. It can.' be cut two or three


nure'adr- muck put in. the djils at t be
timue of plantinUg. On'adRvantage "'e
have in Florida is that we can ftmature
thie eed,. :o are not dependent on fit-
eign sources for our :-uppl ,y. No othe-i
Staie in the Union has yet been able to
Sdo this. All kinds of stock eat it raven-
ously, and as it .contains a great deal
of 'acchari n matter it is very fastening,
and as its botanical name, Reana luxu-
rnci,, in.plies, it is very spirit stirring,
or life sustaining. Any one who grows
it will never b- willing tobe without it.
STeosihte is a perennial when we do
not have a freeze, but as it is a tropical
plant &he' least appearance of ice will
kill it. I. hope shutitly to send youthe
result of my experience in growing
--Kaffir corn and other. forage plants,
which we are doing with the greatest
sAccess. '
S:- M TW. A. GRASS.
GRASSMERE LAKE,
Polk County, Fla., May 18, 1887.
[Through favor of the Commissioner
of Agriculture we have been enabled to
.distribute about eighty packets of teo-
Ssinte seed, and have nearly as many left.
SNot knoi(:.-ib gli.w-long it will retain vi-
taiitv, we iv.,ould like to send it all out
befo-re the middle of this month. It
ought to make a strong growth during
summer and fall, and show its charac-
teristics, though it'.cannot be expected
to reach 'maturity.-A-. H. C.]
,/'-' : - '4
How to Make Hay- Caps.
S Hay caps are made of 54-inc,'t heavy
sheeting cut into -quates and bound
with a strong cord, making a loop three
"or four inches long at each corner. The
S cloth 'may be water-proofed very chehp-
ly byv tej.,ping it in a solution of alum
and thi-reafte,-r drying it first in a so'u-
t on of -ug-ar of Ilead, or the cloth -may
: ie dipped in tboiied linsFed oll and then
hug out tngin dry. The caps are used to
cover bayco-uks and are fastened down
by pins put through the loops and push-
S ed'into the hay.-Ex. ."-
, ., I : '
Hungarian Grass.
un Htnarian gta'ns or r mille., iay the
Times-Democrar. if well ro'-n,. cut
early and properly cuied, futnishi.s a
quaiiiy of hay that compares favci-rAily
with any cof thle i-:ra'es or-dinarily gr'-own
S for -Cattile feeding.
A wairm sandy loam is beit adapted to
the cultivation :;f millet, but any good
S corn land will yield c.-od crops it the
S eed is sowu after the oil is thoro.uglvy
warmed tby the summer heat. The seed
should never re -own in eatly spring, as
S millet wA 4l not gtosw in colld spring or
autumn weather. Grans land frim
which the hay has been secured may,
S produce a erripof millet tbe same year,-
S if the plowing and cultivatio:,n in thor-
ough and enough manure is applied to
cause a rapid growth. Lands a little too
wet for handling in spring nay grow
millet weli in mid-summer.
Less manure is required than for some
other crops, as millet is a very vigorous
grower, but for this reason itexhatists the
land and renders liberal manutii-g neces-
sary for the succeeding crops. A bushel


of seed per acre is better titan a,-'less
quantity, simply if the crop is to be
grown for hay. If forreed, one or two
pecks may be enough. For hay it should
be cut as so-:-n as fully grown or just as
it. is coming into bloom. If scuu thick
it will cover thlie ground to the great dis-
advantage of other weaker grasses.
Few weeTds can grow with a stout crop
of millet, it vwill smothEr almait any
f,.rm of vegetation.

The Cocoanut in South.Florida.
The eoroanut palm is onre of tlhe ,pl-l-
inert ornaments of the --othi-L icEr -a-Ist
and ke ,-,; f Fl,'rida: its fruit is,- -ne of tli,
chit-f Iixuri-es there enjoyed, and niany
have undertaken its cultivatiori -..n i
larme Esale withi a view t,:- lutute "T-,r.,ti
O:ne - -mp'rirnv has planted efevi al i.iu-
dired-i thu.-.ia d nitit- :n tih ..- ,:,-a. Lt ti-at tl-
head :-f Bi(ca; ne Bay. At LaL:e \\:Witb
lar le clovess h'ave hbeen i-_Ihi b -ll .'. al:,0,
on o-'.me Col the reef hke. aid as tail
nortli a: Cliat i-tte H ttii.- it-it, culture iWa-
attenroLted iwitii c.nfilenr o,-,f tC,-u-
prev-i,'u to o lh- f'e b ze -f l.i-uo SinU,
tiat di-.inter we hb-4ve eiLild h-i- i:t CC-

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N-a1io%


i. (,OAYU r- ,i ,A31, F'LOw Fi .'frFpUIiT.

c:auut pliauiiL' in Fil-iida. but we be-
live )no material damage aw- ,lnne to
gives r' far -oath as Lake WViti. In
ibis conncii,.on the following passages
from a letter written in-1885, by Dr. G.
,W. Potter; of Lake Worth, and pub-
lished in Prof. Whitnier's Gaidening in-
Florida, will be found of interest :
"The cultivation of the cocoanut is
assuming large proportions in South
Florida. Several hundred thousand have
been set out within the. last few years
along the Atlantic coast, which, owing
to the proximity of the. Gulf Siream, is
the portion of that section most favora-
ble to the growth of that palm.
"On Lake Worth alone twenty thou-
sand nuts or .mere have been set out, or-
are in nurseries soon to be transplanted.
The usual method is to place the un
husked nuts in nurseries, and after the
sprout apptars-which will be in three
or six months--transplant. The sprout-
ed nut .is planted fifteen to twenty feet
apart in right., angled rows, .or in quin-
cunx, the latter plan being 'best adapted
to break the force of the wind.
"On Lake Worth fruit has appeared
in the sixth year from plaatiring the
sprouted nut, which is the average
time in land suited -to its growth.
The cocoanut does not get into full
bearing for a year after the fruit
first appears, and.then produces an av-
eitge ,:'f two hundred yearly, giving at
lt-unt '',-,iiti to the acre. Some' palms
have leen known to dropa nut daily, but
this is exceptional. I" '
"The cultivation of the cocoanut'
should be very shallow, and only enough
to kill out the weeds. The trees should
have plenty ,uf -itut. and ,1be well mulched,
excel)t. in low swaunpy places. The
nearer salt "aler they" are planted the
better they will thrive, fiq ijiuently gt -w.
ing and bearing, standing in salt water
at ordinary tides.r
."The advantage that the. cultivation
of the cocoanut offers, are : the .slight
attention r i ii red, after setting out ti-
nuts; itsftce'i,-hm from all diseases, uo
die-back or bug-s to attack it; and 'the
facb that the nuts after picking can be
stored until it is convenient or profitable
tio ti'an.'pon t thetm to, a mUarket. Probably
in a driy, dark place the. nuts would.re-
main sweet for a yeir, ce-rtainly for six
or ei.ht months.-

The Cocoanut in the Tropics.
In continuationu ,of the above subject
we q-uote the ftillowinug from the Times-
Uaion: : ": -, -
Corioanut growers claim that each tree
in a grove produces one nut a day or :.65
in one- year. A shipper who recently
brought a-load of the nuts to this po:rtE
say-s that veryfew personswho drink the
milk and eat the pulp of a cocoanut
know anything about its growth, or how
it is handled. -..
'"Owing to the great height of the,
Iree,"b he said, "it is impossible to pick
the nuts and ibthey are allowed to iang
on the trees until they fail. The natives
gather themi-up and carry them to the


RECLAIMING WET LANDS. ing top roots. Throw the dirt on which-
ever side it i: mor-st advantageous to hare
Systems -of Drainage Best a wagon, road, anid roll it back forth-
with.- Where the ditches can uverage.-
Adapted to Sandy Soil. fliree ftet in depth, one to ii -oound
BY H., E. LA&GERGREN. every five acres is probably enough: if
For great success in his calling, the in- two feet, one around etery three acres;
dustrious tiller of Florida's soil has to if one and a halt feet. one around e very
learn two .secrets -drainage and manur- acre. This for a field ,-r orat-ge ,'rove.
ing. For'those who' farm on low lands, For a peach or pear oichliard. the drailns
drainage is of the first importance, for could be still nearer eaclhi th--, at.d for
it is only waste to throw manure on a 'a veg-table garden, highly marnured lor.
field exposed to washes and whose le'vel-plan"ting-, a 3-toot dlitchI slhould.isur-
ground water line is merely a few i- eveiy quarter acre. -
inches below the surface most of the Tb- .annexed F. I. how t. e drain-
time. age system in an, iiaginrm-y '.c-acre fleld.
"Thesnuffo,',or -'d stratum found above Taking tle cieek at the. bottom tofr
the clay in most low pine land, and datum plane or(i, the it-pography ,-.ftle
Sici i,- iv many called *l .-rdpan", is field is shown by the nuniel ,e e 'iitc-.,"tir
a-I to ." -Pi-in us to p ia-t life. So it lines, whi- I aire vertr :-ail.v til1itait six
proba ily- is-tinl-' tI-ruglv "-drained-. inches frc, o all erttlitr. A I, t e main
This trat.r.. c -.. i.t, ot White .and, ,- ditch, B th- lateral nI C i. 1 i-e 1long
ored brown by particles of humns whi-ch the fences. The-li-tis are di-p:,-eJac-
have followed the rainwater down, or of i.oidig t -i t- f ai .C;t.Le, "arget
th- remain,- f vil -,-, d roots of pine, land hOtldi Gv-e a-Iv t--o-thrdls, the
i ;. or g. i "ll.-err;. N- doubt it "s mallest mc and three.tentt, a'tes.
t .. ...ir.. l 1. 6 n ts from a..e A r A ,iro ind t r te t C e, in id e, it. li'-u ld
'-z te' w"in' l s a ,, te [ a deep dit-'J i- "'atlt hsurfe waterr
alftr -tfre.t uilei, ul',-l:, -d and carried .
down by rain water. It is not thl. --lid t'm i ut.... and tor keeping piue
ingredients of this subsoil which injur-e ",'00.i ti.- r:U, nterIne the teId. I e out,-.
vegetation, but the water standin.- upon s-ic rti- -ft t'-E- it- dit -sli-ld e- cut
it, for.owV, s "to Its imperviousnes, .tuis ierLp.endicillar., a[ then they will cot
can run o'I only-laterally, which is a wearso ainuch tfmin: -ifa,,.e -ater irun-
very slow process. Depressions are of ling down th--tn. It tlje malli it(:ch, a
frequent occurrence in the's stratum; and little Itis, the wOut .iiO any f lateral
these hold water like cup. frm on rain tch, jould 'h-e du a ilt well ab-out
'to another. tw";, t:eft dee p and ei:i'hlt trt lo1', -and] as
S ,.a n t wide as the bh--tto-m. Thi.- well will re-
A ditch three feet dee1 through such ceie -and- wdihs thie water carries along
lsnd will work wo,1,ders. It will pass and thus binder, the ditl ch fromn tilling
through and empty many basins, and P-
water will by its gravity make it' way I ,TO t *o, /le.I
into it. It willll l the time irty along "
a little of the cementing Ihumur. and ..
thus after awhile create-a network of To Make Young Fruit Trees
minute galletiie-s all through the ground. I ar :-
As o,,n as water leave., air will enter". B
an(l it inmmediateiv begins it- work of' Thereare two Mioetlodii.y which young
disintegratintz and neutralizingot. in- f i ui t;^remar, Ic nia.de ,jv--'tr^t i-
stagnant water. Rains failing on the tion. by setting downi the Iauln tlgra!,.,>
he,-ted surface no longer run down hill. and u-ing only fertilizer co,,ntaininr a.- '
chilling and impi.ovetib.ing the land. large per cent. of phosphoric acid and-
but it sinkst down. carrying with it sotie poita.sli, E ttii as equal measures, of,
w:armthi t,:. the ro,,ots, of the plants, bone meal and unleashed v-:.od ashes.
Warm water is a go,-d s.lv-ent for the 2 By girdling the miaiu blanches: this
plant foodlocked up in the soil. It ill metho-d iecques c-:onsiderablt ,:ourageW-.-
also cause the "hardpan" toi expand, but if properly done no bad result will be;
which means cracking it. opennng it. notic-,,. It i- performed in June while
be bark will peel readily, bty taking


husking machines, where the nuts are
stripped of the clumsy outside shells.
Years ago the natives shelled the nuts
w itli pi, cs of flint attached toahland.le.
lit- improved- machine-, shiI lllci) nuts
per hour. -
In shipping considerable care must
be taken, else the nuts will cra(.k. A
change in temperature prove es the m.-.st
disas' ious and is the cau-e of heaiay
lofi;e. A nut is the mit- delicious just
after it has dropped frotm the tiee."

Ripening of Peen-To Peaches.
For tIe Letjefit of I. E. H., of-PRochr.s-
tei, N. Y.. in pattiular. and .,t the
puLcli:.- in gencinl, we appricd to the- near-
,4t l.'ei,'.ii g'ri-'welr .:'f -. p.l let p:e 1t give
1.1; LOtii,- linrt o-n te sul.ij-t ,,f. atli" r-
inj- :P i-t-o, t.:r writlkct. The foll,',wing
i.: b Ls l ..;_.,:,nse:

in rt-1.tit n t,:,ehpk.irnc P;:en-toip-achH..
I ev.er lh.1ve an;- ,nuble. I_ l f. V et',IY
lthlili l-i'e a uma Iai .: '...t t- leat-rn I.,y ,.x-
r-erle-uce. W\'i-jn Hie pi-ea:b is ,,',itui,-.
iot i *.--'re it gets :oft. E the tinme t
-hip, tleni. Tli,-re i- a itcii, -llow'ii'.
waxin -:oi-.:r t.-. thie P ri to v. hin it 1et-:
fully tip.-. an it -i:mLuC-titne t 4ien -vith-
ou, l'..in c-:le..td redi at all. rid, is the
iase partic-ularly whliere the fohale isa
detseau]d*unnsihie ca nu.:.t get to th ft'ru't
mucn. It isjuit when thie peach Tho:vr..s
a tinge of tli r'i:-h waxen color lithat it
-houlh] he picked ftor-hipingN hrth.
Tli-re is n, better way of learti6tg to
know tihe e2act -tage at whijcZ.'-theY
should be picked than to tak'e sample
of tilhen at dJiffetient stages ciJ.ripenesi
and place tht m on a shel and .see which
keeps the l':'nge-4j and tastes th best.
i (G. L, TABER.
GLEN STI. IRAA Nurc.-EhrE -.t' -
M y*'i?;3. lA7 r -. :-" "
.. -.- .

Satsuma dramm a,11
E^-.^ -::.-- -'s ,i= S~ -'-*." .faigla'
ym^^i Iortr a ier'nr if1i-Hu ar o/ivr"'
Onte ,f your correspondents .r&d' "
ileci ieil ed the Sat-unia Orangej. bu
he failed to give a dJt-escription .&to ihe-
trte. The fitit is as he d"4cribed it,
tbut the tree eis-f a dwartfish habit, '.mbs
drooping, thornitis lean's "thck'er
(fleshier), and in (O.lr rtore like thaour
orange. :i
What it the matter with my tomatoes?
-About the linie ilh ,ought.,O get'ripe
they take whatm I call the dry rot. -Pl-aae
anv'ei through the FARMER AND) FtUiT-
Gfi:-v rr. '
I see most of your cot respiudenl19-arJ
vise composting mulik I tind ic"t--;.j
beneficial aplhi-1h fieely anld bairotr
in the soil, fitst i.ttini" it lie in a i
and rot. Oo;ild ive" sou my exfpexltnr
with it and a])s:. different ways st apitl.p
ing it to land, if you wish. .
H. W ..r;.:k.
\.-'MErtiN. Flac.. Mar LL::. lH';. ~.t
L We shall be alj d to hear tr.ili toaltr.-'
growers in reg rdi t.:. tii- .iJittLce of thi-
tomato; also, inI'rr.alJ t: dpioi:.! ingi-thi.
fruitfulness of tlMe- t..ii.o ,ilaut by pi.,ip-
agation from Iy,-i and >nltitii.t-5. Vitb
regard to the ue ,of rmuck, Ile, i0i \3a.
from any one wbo li-a rlpimrnins ba..-e i
experience. -:,niethi[ngr i'ri hs,.ut.i,-t
will be found i.ni anr,..thr page. Mi6li
is one of the "hLime ri-:ur,:e," anu it
is desirable to lei.rn how tv: use it nul)t
effectively anide-oiomiically.-. A H. C'.

Prof. Riley'sFScale Wash. i
We learnrai.--uL t. Riial Cla']if,.nn in
that Prof 0. V. Rilhv. i, .hii reruiarktT. ,
Monrovia,,'befoit- tri, ,i',.u[n]t F-otiol.-,gi'-'
cal Society, and is iis t1.J: nf6l a;ddltes.Tiit
the'Riverside Co--nietio,:il, ,iJthat hE'4
cric"inal i ;.-pie- f.:.r a -'cnle I wz-:I as flt
tlue tly v ,publ- i-h-l du ,i-'i 1 the t .pi t "'o
eats. Iha-. i -er let-uin piurtvedon,'arA
lie iige'cir riatir ,'r giowers c'to use ir
ri-eely. We r-,-paubisli iC herewith : ,' '
F..'rnler warniiing's" au.int tie m.e I f. 7
njrre miixturesor Inrp-rtt entuls'eL'r .
:oalal oil aid rilk cr's:ap ,:iluti.nn neet
reiteration. It cann-:.rt. t, t:-o Str.:--n l I
impressed upon a'li irbo u-e kertisene',,
an insecticide. that it :an be (:r.nsiIL ,
sred a safe remedy ,i:nliy when p,-pu'-"
emulsified, 'The foimu'rula fr-t the T'rro0
sene and soap en"Iuls-n, asc found nijosto
satisfactory, is as follnw: I
Kerosene...... .... ."galls '=i7perct ."
Com'n or whal-e oil Coarp, i ,,'
W ater ....... ...... I gall. I
Heat thie ',-iution oi oiap and addl it-
boiling hot t,, the k.:-r.ce,ti Churn the I
mixture by"n-,ans of a-torce pump ana
spray nozzle for tfir( or ten minutes.-
The emulsin. if perft't, fo.rms a crea, ,l
which thickens on cooling. and should I
adhliere without ,iiiine to tie surface of' ,
glass. Dilute, before 'using, one parrt of-i
the emulsion with nine paitci of cold I
water. The above formula givesthree I
gal'ons of emulsion. arid-malieE, wheb. i
diluted, .s gallons of as.h. (
The kerosene or s-oa', mixture. sape-"
orally when the latter i:- warmed, forms
upon very modei-ate aritation, an ap-
parent union : but the rmilure'- is not
stable, and separates oL standing or
wbien cooled or diluted b: the addition .1


Sof water. A, proper emulsion of the
kerosene 's obtained only upon violent
agitation. It is formed, not gradually,
but suddenly ; in short. toi u-e a familiar
phrase, it c'comes" like butter. The
time reqci'ed in CrhurnIngdepend.' s.omee
what tpon the violence c-f the agitation.
but still mole ,ip,,in the temLperatur,.
which. he.otever, need not Ihe much abo-ve
blood heat.
WA-en obtained. :,n ernulkiron -:if ke
sene and ,-cai, is known tby thte li,- fet
union of the ili--re -i-nt., aid tli- cl-.--n e
o:f oilinti-s.. :- ,Il-at the lit uid I:lirjn -t, the
riiface Of the glas- i. or -i t tal. It it-:ti-tn-
blesa tc>h ciia-m, th.,it ir li-es tbiicened-
a<.:-oriling t,- thet pIpm i-i:n :f ;i.apI u'ed
it tihe mitutle.

Changes in Flavor of Fruit.
,,' ,.,,' /-.'..,, ,, .M ,- .... ',, '. / .,,,,.G ,' ..,'-r
"Al,..itt -_iht vt-at.: a.-, a Fi-iin.h gen-
tiemali, whi:, lhid i.e-tii liat nt-r in -uba.
ettle,. int .JaniaKa. pi.itl'i-.-I d act eM 't 't.',
an-i plluted iipo-n it 14 iiic1 Mc.1 -i: ja
!en,.-Ii trees, hopii- ti ind a -:iri;tant
wint k ft for the fil tt ii New Yilk. H.:.w-
-e r, it wa-. f,-u-'l that t[lie Me-Ai-a
lem.trn, hns. l t ,i gI -c.n on 1,ri-t India
i ,l, devel,.ped si-ilh an exuI.Itlanit a:i-d
thit they were pr.-nnouiih,:,.J t>ioo ,.,ur by
AUmet ican pLni-haIer The co.t ,of iput-
tinL I.. :--x oin tie News VYoik market. in-
cluI in' ,ox, wrrappilnig papel, lfreigliht
andi import duty. amounted to .about
$1.27. The price ..,ltained t'o raci i ran
fromn hla11 a dollar ro a dollarr, and tle
re-sult cf the experiment is that the
planter is now allowiing the fruit .f his'
14.c.11i lemon trees to rot uponti the
ground."
Tne al)ove,vt-atemenrit "was given iN t he
planter himself. May we not SUppo.e
that our Florida 'oil will' develop ,;er-
tain iui,'es of exotic drlauts soas to make
their fruit less esteemed But. why not.
suppose also tbht it will de-velop -ither
j1u es sUoa4jto. ak_.%th oliart a more
arliwiintnan m-- r-`
Iv.a ie' na n n I ts-o r 'g i -n 6rti .? s
perience alonc will de-ide.
L(. G. w\VATI.
PINELLAe', FLA.

Ways of the Ant Considered.
uIn a ticent issue We e.spres-eil our in-
ability to descrihe.auY'special method of-
exteiminating ants iu- rcl-ards. Since
then we have read a mnt,-.td if "flank-
ii[g tie etnem3y." whlics .ons;ists in plac-
ing ain inverted idcwet pot. Ieside the
hill. and soaking the latter with water,
bliiclh impels tihe antis to take refuge in
1,he pot. By reni.' ing the latter' two
or three tim.s and killing the ants in it,
it is claimed that the i htliie colony may.
be capteuid tand destyed. A sub--
,'nt iter etindi thie toulowvtig remedy,
whibi ma;, be eff-ctual :
-Clii.:.i .',r .,,'. F ni.'ii ,,i.' F'i 2 --.-'.'"-: "
R-plyig t, ai- itquity ..-t one of your
rea-iet uas to, -,.e method f ,.l-tAloying
ants, i ind by I looking ovtr tiy "scrap-
book of useful int.-runt tion." the fol!ow-
iti : "
IT:. destroy ant tilat lhairve -tatblished
t.liem:elt-.i at ithe rii-ot. :,I 'icl.rd trees,
u~e i.t-ltllh-i,.ie of :art--n. [cig the dirt
awvay Ir,,l aioun'l the tie-e a little; take
(ie old rags iudl ilay sevei-alI thikne-ses
ar.unndi tbe tree in tihe xcava.tions thui
mail-,.Saturate tliere ra s "tcli th l i- 1.,-
?ulplhide ot carbon, ri'iis liquid q .
d-eaJly i,,:.;i-i:. It i- ill1 eval itate er. y
rapidl-, and the -,i- being ea,'-ier than
the air, i ill le etl rate int-c:) thie minute
hole ar,:.unl the ti,-e, killing all insect
hile. C H. G.
Il (KrANOER Par;, IFL.a May "1. IS87.
|Bisu.,phid: cof carl,,.o.,wliti allowed to
l ,aporatc in a c'(0n-iid spae, i deadly
Sanmiti liti-e. It i -:ld li t bottles
lding ablo:.ut a pint. which may be
bught in Jac-n'ri ile fr fiftyr cents.
The I -,tI? ,houildL,- be. lpt Eealtcd and in
aedarf"place.-A H. O.i i

S.Cotton Seed Compost.
The following letter -upiemeats a
Fi-eviu-.'ietter froim tlie same writer. It
wa' kindly written in rt-:qiicie to are-
:lUev.t fr-nm sI. iu 1-ilt tt t M. G. W, '
crl miten-,eXait sil-i ruiation :
Eilieo 17-i-i,,'St r-,.i,11., ,., P,,,a,"i.F ,-u .,-i ei: l
are nu,:,t acCurate itn weights.and v
ieasuie- in pieparitE :,:-rnp-jpt heaps, *C
Tbhey .ire the a'cuuulatic-not theseason. t
Before te-civig ye:ous lti -er of in,:luiry,
soweverc', I ec-nuittd bhue of the best -
pra icteal gardeuets. He told me he
thouglit twenty pounds of salt, the same
of ashes, andj an equal amount of earth
wnoil-i be a good, pro[,rtion for one \
lundreed pounds couttoin sd. He had I
never known cotton seed and esaltused 1
alone. In the aistucne ,of ashes, earthy
-natter may be used. Spread thii and t
the cotton eed in layei., sprinkle salt i
betweeiu. and in a lew days mix all
thoroughly. The c-o'mpost ,liould not i
'comern in immediate contact with plants.. ,
F B. CHAPMAN.
.MARIANNa, FLA.. Mal, 1i ;. "-

The raigin crop of California for 1.%j'?, c
s already figured bt experlsaat one mil- 1
ion- bose '':a


- -S'.


"4


out a ri rig of bark ftI--t the mdin l raI ules"-.b ;
abut a quart-r Of an' in in width. -.-.T-
Care must be takent that tl e soft cam- 9"-'
biumn or miuor la;er is not iujuted. Pert- "
furmu-d in Jute -f lin s-ea-on a good .--
croi will tili'ow n-ext 3er. but to pre- ."2
veit lujury; to the tiet:s :y overIeat iLug,. '
a liberal supply of plaut food r u-:,t be -*- i'i
applied n-ext fai.-Prof. S. G. Maynard.',.
Ma-sachusetll- Agriculiturai College. .-

Orang-e Growing in California.


The demand for young orange trees b "
for two or three years psst lias.been so '
g-reao-tbat it is n.:,w impossible to seCU'reL
any budded tree-. and thereare instances -'t
in thiA neigh-boihc0-d n heie thie planting
of :ort-bards hIas beenu necessai i ly foiegoue, '
becaisue of the liability to secure tiees. t..;
Nor ii- it at all likely that this demand I,
will cea-e for many year, to come. .
Orange growing is a profitable business, k?
when it is undertaken at the tight place,
an- the localities wthtre that fruit will
grow to perfection ate getti, g io be very
well know. There is. in our opinion. .
Nig mnioney in growing oirauge trees in '
nursery, an-I v.e hope that enterprise
will not be ne.gleted, not only because I
it will be profrfable for thet growvert. but *
als because the cultivation and im-
pi,.vement of the vacant lauds suitable
fororauges will be greatly retarded if
those wlio desire nto set.-out orchids c-an
not rind trees -of suitable age and vari-
ely.-Anheim Gazette. '

To Keep Off the Curculio. .
A correspo:udent of the Ohio Farmer
states thai he kept a plum tree from cur-
culios by spiinkling the ground under
tl'e tree with corn meal. This induced -
the chickenrs to cratchand search. The
jmeal wasstrewn every morning from the
time the trees blossomed until the fruit
ssas large enough to be out of danger.
The consequence was Lhat the fowls
picked up tbe'curculioa with the meal,
and tLe tfee being saved from the ptes- .
ence of the insects was wonderfully '
fruitful. i

To dig up a fruit tree, by cutting a
circle with a spade, half a foot in diame-
ter, cuts off more than nine-tenths of :.
the roots ; and to spade a young tree not
one quarter as far as the roots extend and
call it cultivation, is like Falstaff's men
claiming spurs, and shirt collars for a
complete suit. .

- If you could take out the influences of
horticulture from the structure of our
civilization, you would have left a sys-
tern of bare walls, hard forms:' and- i
coarse living, in whose presence we .1
would be as strangers in an -unknown ,, '1
world. ,.

'





f


!


. +


fDlA.GAM -. -r t, RRAINA,-E.


everywhere, gi& lug it more surface, anid
this-again w ;ill take it hold ahincdant
and healthy moisture. s., that corn, etc.,
may be planted closer. Mlanuie on the
land is no longer w-ated: it Is carried
down, and up again .yv roots and c.rpii-
lary attraction. Only a small position
makes its way toc the ditcb through tlhe
ground, but some i-f it will settle to the
bottom and again be a-ailable when
cleaning oat time come3s.
In selecting a piece of land, tte first
consideration ..should be an outlet for
drain water near by anda'o much below
the lowest portion'of the land that no
water it anytime will stand in a ditch
one and a half feet deep, luuning
through it. For swamp land the outlet
should be still lower, as sueh land set
tles considerably as the muck rots and
roots and water leave.
First, cut a main ditch through to the
lowest part of the land, as deep as prac
dicable, but no wider than can te helped.
Then dig the laterals to. empty into it.
These should be two and a half feet wide
at the top and ,even or eight inches in
;he bottom. Do not be particular about
having them at right angles with the
main ditch or the fences, or equi-dibtant.
f they do more gooderunany other way,
for they should go through depressions,
f here be any, and where they can only
b.dug shallow, they need be nearer to-
tether. .If a ditch is run-clear of'a lot
if stumps bycbadrging slightly its proper
beation, do ac ordingly; it w'illsave you
much.bother from savings and project-


-i




r N


FLORIDA FARMER ANDFRTWER JUNE 1, 1887.


A jsuhaudand a1den

HORTICULTURAL EDUCATION.

Some of the Work of a Bona
Fide Agricultural College.
In illustration of the methods pursued
at an Agricultural College where agri-
culture is taught, we quote the greater
portion of the first report of Prof. A. B.
McKay, of the Department of Hprticul-
ture in the Agricultural and Mechanical
College of Mississippi :
Instruction in horticulture embraces
the regular lectures of the class-room,
together -with such illustrations and
works of reference as bear directly on
the subjects under consideration; also
the-information given the student in
field work.
Instruction in class-room is as follows:
Junior class, first term, lectures. on the
selection of soils and location'-of or-
chards, nurseries, gardens, and orna-
mental grounds; manures, their sources,
preparation, and application, certain
soils and plants; the construction of
propagating houses, cold-frames and
other appliances for forwarding
early garden plants; the propagation of
trees, shrubs and vines, farm seeds, lay-
ers and cuttings; crossing and hybrid-
izing; grafting and budding; pruning'and
training; the best methods of harvest-
ing and putting up fruits and vegetables
for home use, of gathering, packing, and
shipping to distant markets.
The College Nursery (not a very -ex-
tensive one), has done well this season.
The trees, plants and vines are strong,
healthy and of good size. Orders are
being received daily for nursery stock,
and we hope to realize quite a handsome
profit on the money invested.
Strawberries, raspberries and other
small fruits promise well. From 2J
acres, planted early last spring, were
:picked several bushels of choice fruit.
Later 2J acres more were planted. The
five abres produced during the summer
a sufficient number-of young plants to
plant five acres more. A new planting
of four acres has just been completed.
Other plantings will follow shortly. The
raspberries (I of an acre) planted last'
spring have, made an excellent growth,
and promise a fine yield next season.
We hope to increase the area in small
: fruits to fifteen or- twenty acres.
Afew of the oldest orchard trees bore
some fruit this season, a part of which
was used on the grounds, the rest ship-
ped to market. Several 'shipments of
vegetable were .made during the sum-
Smer. '
So far, the work done in the Horticul-
tural Department-has been largely one of
S preparation for success in future. The
means appropriated to the department,
S together with the proceeds receivedd
from time to time, have been expended
"- a i-tdip._sl vaatas possible.

Which I sbha I d'here so tong as I am
S. connected with -this institution; -is. not
:- : to cultivate broad acres for the sake of
S ? show; but, on the contrary, to demon-
state to the, students, and to those in-
t erested in our work, what may be ac-
complished by proper management on
small areas. -
There are planted on the grounds some
: 25 m ornamental trees. Theorchard con-
. tains .125mappie. "2.11:11: peach,tSI 1 pear, 800
plum, 375 mulberry, *1m Japanese per-
simmon, and 80 apricot trees. The vine-
yard contains 1,000 vines. Six hundred
: trees, apple, peach and -pear, were
_: :- planted in 1S. Seventeen humlred
S. trees, principally apple, mulberry, and
ornamental, in 18.3. Two hundred
grape vines were put out in 1S3: eight-
hundred in 1985.
Taking care of the campus and the
ornamental grounds -is a part of the hor-
ticultural work. The grounds .are
being planted in our native grasses, and
Such others as pronuse well in this sec-
tion, Bermuda, grass, orchard grass,
-bluegrass, and clover, carpet the prerm-
ises about the buildings.
-' Students are required to labor three
hours-each day. Excepting the work
-,done by two teamsters (whom it is neces-
sary to have in order to keep the teams
employed during the whole day) all the
work in the department hasbeen done
by the students. ihey plant, cultivate
and gather the vegetables of the garden.
They do all the -work of laying off,
planting and pruning the orchard and
vineyard. In the nursery they learn by
actual practice the art of budding;
grafting, packing and shipping nursery
stock.
But the horticultural interest cannot
be developed in a day. It requires cap-
ital,-;iiWgent labor and time, to stock-a
nursery with choice and valuable varie-
ties of'trees, vines and plants.; to make
good paying garden soil; to bring or-
chards into full bearing. Failure need
not be apprehended if the plan is well
formed, and each step carefully taken.
I think we are progressing in the .right
direction, and as rapidly as our means
will allow. With more capital to invest
in a propagating house, nursery stock.
and a proper building for keeping fruits
and vegetables, our work would he much
more satisfactory.
I shall endeavor to do what I can with
the means given me, to make the Borti-
cultural Department what it should be.
to make its study a mental discipline for
the student, as well as an attractive em-
ployment.
The garden, orchard, nursery and or-
namental grounds once well equipped
and in good running order, the expenses
of the department wIll be nominal when
compared with the profits.
With these aids. it will not be difficult
:- to show the student what there is in the
science and art of Horticulture. The
student himself will combine theory and
practice, and when he leaves college will
be fitted to pursue intelligently any
branch' of this industry in a practical,
business like manner.
-. '- '
-. .- The remedies for fruit tree insects may
: also be applied to shade and ornamental
;_ -: trees.


- ...- i -o


POINTS ABOUT PEACHES. you can suggest a basis upon which I can OPIUM CULTURE IN FLORIDA.
-___~ ~ be assured of a fair remuneration in pri- :
Their Condition in Southern por'lion'to-the actual benefits conferred, I;
Their Condition Southern will gladly makeit available to our Flor- Dr. Winthrop Prefers Poppy to
Florida, Pruning, Etc. ida' interests. Orange Growing.
Editor, Florida .armer and Pmitr-Grower: .GEORGE T. K ING. ra ng Go n.
Very dry here-not the town, for-Or- VILLA CITY, FLA., May 17, 1887. Dr. Winthrop, the poppy man, to
land isa very moist town. Bat with [Any one whois interested in the above whom we have alluded before, is adding
truckers and fruit-growers it *-s dry in- is recommended to communicate with materiallytotheimportanceoftheTitus-
deed The leaves of trees-in some orange the writer.-A. H. C.] villepost-office. At last advices he had
groves are curling up, and oranges are received 1,965 letters and postal cards,
dropin b y o' in consequence of a letter from him to
op en-t'trees in Mr. Bidwell's Bermuda and Creole Onions. the Times-Union, a facd which he con-
grounds, the spring growth of wood Editor Florida Farner and liii-U,-wei- sides sufficient evidence of that journal's
seems to be matured, and theleaves are In November last I sowed some "Ber- wide circulation and influence. Not be-
dropping off as they should in the fall of muda" onion seed bought of B. Buist, ing able to respond to all separately he
the year. Fruit is small as a conse- Philadelphia, on old hammock land does so collectively by means of another
quence. His new peaches. Bidwell's (that would bring about- fifteen bushels letter to the Times-Union, dated May 14,
Early and the other seedlings, are on of corn per acre) in rows twenty-four of which the following is a portion :
land not affected by the drought quite inches apart, applying $10 worth of com- The kind of seed to sow for opium is'
as much. They'are a pretty sight to- post per acre in which was one part cot- the white poppy, botanical name Papaver
day, all are full of fruit, and we shall-be ton seed meal, two parts acid phosphate sommniferumi. It can be sown in. drills or
gathering peaches (we commenced May and one part kainit. The onions got .a broadcast. In small quantities of an
10th) till July 10th, as the different va- bad start. They are from three inches acre or two in poor new land the drill is
rieties ripen in succession, to one foot apart in the rows. preferable, as be ng more easily attended
By the way, an article inC a late num- Two or three weeks ago I thought I to, weeds extracted, etc., though it can
ber of the Dispatch(mentioned in your was going to have fine onions, four ,p. be sown broadcast in large quantities.
very excellent paper issue of May 18,) five inches in diameter, but they com- I- Florida it can be made to grow
"'makLing peachltrees bear" by a little menced to divide and one large bulb to during the entire year. The superabun-
pruning must bring a slight smile to the form two or three small ones, and now dance of sunshine in Florida during the
faces of most old peach growers. I ex- these are dividing again, and it looks greater part of the year gives the State
pect ifI had some considerable like my onions will split all to pieces its advantages over other States. Georgia
p c n u not na d som e congmeraoefo ur -o t"to .. .i.a.. ..ad apted. ..
experience in peach growing before I one large one splitting into four to six. comes next to Florida as adapted to
came to Florida, by the time I had been Can you tell me the cause? Culture wia poppy raising. The finest poppy I ever
here two years, I too would have made level-dirt kept drawn away from the sav, Asia and India not excepted, I
new discoveries that would have made plant. Can I do anything for them? found in Georgia.
some of the old peach growers of this The tops are still vigorous. Any person sufficiently interested can
country ashamed of their ignorance. As I was down below here a few days ago seefnow, this month of May, growing and
it is I don't know what I don't know to see a -rop of onions from the Louisi- in full bloom the finest poppies at Cape
nearlydas well as any one The idea ana Creole seed. They were on common Canaveral. These plants spring up.spon-
that a little pruning '-just a simple twist pine land, fertilized with a little muck tanecusly from seed sown many years
of the wrist," should cause peaches to spaded in (no other manure). The bulbs ago and no care whatever taken.to culti-
bear fruit in this or any other conntrv, were fair sized, tops were dying dowvn vateor preserve them.- They can beseen
while on trees not pruned the frost and they-had not split. I think the n.ow,, a roi pronounce themas anexpert
cleaned off the bloom, is simply absurd. Creole seed will do well here, but I don't thu finest in.the world. They grow on
The way in which pruning is done like the xay my Berdiudas are doIng. tlie edge of the scrub, close to the sandy
often hasa marked effect on the tree, and it looks as if the tops will ueer beai. n la. that any one will tell you
but about this pruning to produce fruit- die. not -rth twenty-five cents an- acre
fulnes, all there is in it is this.. a'- DiiE t-Fry. for anything e e. IThis is a fair lest ti)
thing that is done to a fruit tre-e ol May d11,. 188. .be sten by all. They l av ui-t ..r.er,
vine, to endanger its life. it is an in- tkplafived by designn. and the people resid.
stinct of nature ftlat it sit itself to How to Make an Aspaag ug i ar the lighthiue can tell any ne-
work to bear fruit to leave' eed behind." Apr ,u ir terst-d all ab, ut them.
So says Downing in his %,oli k ou IF ruit Bed.. When I tell pEo.ple that an a,:re prop-
TD.es "ofAeri ca A-aragus suceeds finel in Fld a erly m managed wi ll yield ore thousand
rees of wAmer ica, f the .. finely il bv #: i .
Heading in to keep t he tree m resvm- arid ,eerstves more attention than it has dollars woith of opium pert acre, they
metrical to get the fruit ng arer the cen- relved. It eem.; to take very natur- doubt it. I will here give the data fliom
treof gravity, and tiis preent the tree aWh y to the tolil, ftr we have seen it which I have nade Ile calculation re-
from breaking with its lo-ad -,f fruit, has springing up and bloomitng in a bed that peatedly, arnd I have done eveu better,
been in practice for along tine pwith ad run to grass fir b fen years. The but I pitt it thus as an average.
peach growers, but fir the p'_t few following directimnsfortits management Sixteen plants. full[ plants pulled up by
years it has become a conceded factare from the Rural World: i the roots, N itid, by my process, one
that such severe cutting bark has injur- The most economical way of gettmg'a ounce of gum opium: sixteen ounces
ed the vitality, and made the tree short bed is to buy and sow the sceed in trieo nike a pound. and tEli.-gum is worth $4
lived, and in many sect-ions the practice spring or tall. but it takes one or two per pouud.
is being discontinued- if n-, t altogether, years longer for the rootL to become snyd cppn pent w chrnd
itis done much more sparingly. strong eu_,ugh to hear cutting. fromn hat mak n their own calculation
There is a great dittference in the S;-ed can be bought for fifty orseventy- howmany an acrewill contain, and im
growth or habit of the family of peaches five ceutS per pound,. and one pound this see how modest I am. Vhen it is
that are in use in all tbh peach-growing will grow enough plants to set two .or a c d a when properly man-
country north of us. and ihepeach in thieeacret.. Plants ordered of the nair- also co.nideredLatWe pf n"uuu
. ', . .. -.,, -. -. aged-the plartscan-oe kept Ontlnuously
use herein South Florida. There it is seryman will cost about l.i' per hnn- platrsan doe"kp
the Persian or the old Indian peach; dried. growing, ot onewut several crops
.hereitisof thenPeen-to family., and the If the seed is planted, sow on ligb.tduring the eai, t-y will beIastoished
growth ani habit of the trees are very sandy, well drained, rich soil, in dri at wat an be acco listed.
w .8 VALUE OF OPIUM .
different. -- two teet apart and one inch deeUEallo F'Pt '.
-tWht 6 titfeth'-dedt -i'V bhte in-a' t6 w-i& .f t4ti..e-who*. rafloer'd
is to send up a longer trunk with long inches part in the row. If well car ',Opium'rasing depends upon the cost of
bare limbs, teaching far out, with \ery for and the soil is fertile, these plans extracting the gum from the plant.
little growth of wood in the centre of can be transplanted after one year's Heretore tins has been done by incising
the tree for the fruit; and it seems a'- growth in the seed'bed, but. ire better'fo the capsule and scraping off the exuded
most imperative that the tree should be remain two years. luice. This is really only three-sixteenths
cut back, or "headed in." to prevent the When making a plantation, either if the actual amount of opium the plant
limbs from breaking, with home grown plants or with those contains, the rest being lost, and the
The-Peen-to 'and its varieties, which got from a nurseryman, it should be',bor of collecting it very great, and so
are so fast coming into use in this sec- borne in mind that it is a fixture for a 'mstly as to forbidJ its use in America.
tion of country, in their habit of growth number of years, and hence calls for By my proceiS I not only extract all the
are different. The tree branches out good work. It is not necessary to go to opium in the capsule, but obtain it from
-lower, has many more tblanches in the the trouble thought essential years ago, the entire plant, and at a cost oue hun-
centre of the tree, aud while the iree is when the gardener underlaid the bed dred per cent. cheaperthan even the Hin-
a more rapid grower, andti needs more with a layer of brick, stone, oyster doo laborer at ten cents a day can collect
room than the others yet I have never shells, etc., with the ide.i, as 4his three--ixteenths, one woman orchild
seen it broken down: with fruit, and I thought, of preventing the roots goi'('being able to perform at least ten limes
have uor thought, tolTut it hack much. too deeply. The soil must, however, be' the amount of the most expert Hindoo,
I find in 'some groves there are well drained, light and warm, for one'at much reduced cost, no matter how
many trees -with -orangbes on that of the chief points of excellence of j&is looked upon.
were thought to have.set noiruit, so vegetables is its earliness, antl h, ie The machmitery to accomplish this is
scattering were they at the time of niumst not have a cold heavy clay: andas easily procured an d does not exceed
blossoming they were not noticed, and I the plant is a strong feeder and is tweni'-fivp dollars forone tothreeacres,
am hoping there will be more of a crop remain for many years in tie-: ground.'and gets less in proportion. The entire
than some of have been looking for. the soil will need'to be well supplied -apparatus can be obtained or made here
OOEOLA. with piaut food at the time of planting, .in Florida. There is no labor connected
ORLANDO, FLA., May 18,1887. and each year thereafter. The fertility witlhopium production that a woman or
also aids in forcing the plants early in child cannot perform after, the land is
Cats and Ra- bbits. the spring. cleared, and it only half aswell attended
t an .. ". Having selected the location take a to as the cultivation of vegetables, will
There is no rabbit trap equal to a good plow and draw furrows four feet apart yield more per acre than any crop ever
oat. This fact is known-to the people of and sixteen' inches deep. Spread the produced in Florida.
the other side of theglobe, judging from best of manure in the bottom ot the fur- The great difficulty I haye to contend
a statement found in an exchange: -" rows to the depth of three inc,.hes, and on with is that it appears too good to be
The experiment of turning cats loose this'put the roots, placing them about true to those whom I explain it to.
in Australia to destroy the swarm of wentv inches apart Cover the roots Frauds are so common people will, not
rabbits is reported to have proved emi- wJtha few inchesof thetop soil i idged believe the truth when it is told them.
neatly successful. In one of the worst up bet'veen the furrows, and keep these -I am, however, ,determined to convince
infested districts of Victoria 250 cats: half filled furrows free from "teeds dur' the most skeptical. I will put in twenty
werebought at one shilling a head, in- ing the summer. By the next spring4 acresthis month myself, at City Point.
closed for a time in a limited space by fill the furrows up even with eurface Indian River,-Brevard county. Fla. All
wire netting, fed on rabbits, and after- and thereafter all that is necessary is u$ are invited io inspect. The tiuime is nt
ward tuined loose in batches, food hay- keep clear of weeds, and each year i'r, far distant when this industry will be
ing been still supplied in a rough build- ing the -wirter or early spring.'i largely prosecuted in Fhorida andm in
ing for any cats which might not at: a good dressing of some fertilizing-ile- Georgia, where I have seen the finest
once support themselves by hunting. terial. poppies'grow wild. It is my oliject to
Not a single cat is known to have found Asparagus is a native of the seashore encourage tliis industry and see it flour-
its way to its original home, and, as ho and seems to ueed more or lessiof salt it ish. but while I am willing to do m.
the result of the experiment, the special the soil. Away from it- native habitat share in tbhis direction. I think it very
reporter of the Melbourne Farmers' Ga-- an occasional application of thfiis is e- unfair for great-bumbers of persons to
zette says: Diuriiag a thorough inspec- sential. Cuttings from the bed shou- es'pect me to give them for nothing long
tion of the hummocks just little before not be made before the spring of 4ie written instructions and the information
twilight uur party succeeded in seeing third-season, and then .rot too close, i t which I have obtained by long years of
only three rabbits. The cats, on the Aaparagua is a profitable vegetables. labor, costly expert ment, and travel over
other hand, were to be-met with everv- grow for market, as it s almost univet the greater part of Leim entire world.
othere.hand mweredto abebe ith evrygrwfrmreaitialotnve-.teraerptoft-etmeold
where, and mangled rabbits, some sally eaten, and is always in good d&:- I am willing to give Iree information
slaughtered*-but recently, and others mand. No farmer should be withoutia'ras tp the culturqland growth of the plant
dead for weeks, were come across in :all bed for his family supply: it requties o to all who are in earnest and prepared to
directions. The cats were evidently the little care and labor when once estab- go'into raising it, and even aid them by
complete masters of the situation."" The lished and fturnishe such an abundapce special advice, but will have to make a
writer goes on to express tue opinion of nutritious and healthful food. - small charge to those who u-e my fc-r-
that there is no douut whatever as to ,, mdla and apparatus for the extraction of
the success of the experiment, which is, A Go(d Use for Ashes. tl~e gum. All writing for information
moreover, as inexpensive as it is success- Afew years ago I had the care of -a should inclosestamp. I can not answer
ful.AfwyasaoIhdtecr fap^l
young orchard, and the trees hecane pot i posvars
Of Interest to Truk a badly infested with parasites or lice (evi- Haoingf th great numberot inquiries
Of Interest to Truck Farmers. dently the oyster shell bark louse, A npi d release ,from arduous duties of
Editor Ftoi'da Forierrand Fruit-Grouer: diotus conchiformis). I took oak wood a nd reear s
I 'answering t heu..
,have made a discovery which I be- ashes and wet. them with water about I remlii yours.
lieve is destined to revoluIionize the as thin as mortar, and, by using i glove, W w. WINTHROP, M. D.
packing and shipment of vegetables and rubbed the trunk and limbs as far as I
fruits, such as radishes, peas, beans, could reach with the mixture. In a ... ..
^ mb^^~ eT^o rrl r,'weroop a^- ca aNoo to ne wit
cucumbers, squashes, tomatoes, straw- short time the bark looked clean add No fr.grercnafdtobwih
berries. etc. It is by a new, simple and thrifty. The leaves also took on a good out a force pimp or syringe with which
cheap. methoed of p acking, whereby color, and. were not crisp as they h'ad to spray his trees. It Is the cheapest way
those perishable articles can be shipped been before.. I did not sprinkle, thewtop; to fight inseiIs.
with full expectation of arrival attdesti- but I think lye that would hold up an *
-nation in as fresh condition as when egg and thinned with water to half When thetrees are low headed, they
packed, eveu though delayed in transit strength, would not hurt the leaves. --A may be' moe effectually sprayed if the
from seven to ten days, The tests made rubber glove is best to use in putting on water barrd and pump are mounted on
are thorough and success is assured. If the ash wash.-Farm and Home. a dray or d'ag instead of upon a wagon.


Orrond Land Agency,


--'Ormond.


Fast Coast of olusia Cqounty,


'he Best .flealtl flesort
Is on Ihe Lineof the rFlorlds Southern.
Ulneurpassed by any other section for'the production ot Fruits and Vegetables. I fyou are eo6-
ing to Florida, whatever may be your means or condition, you wilt most assuredly bi pleased with
this Centre of the Lake Region. For furtherpartciulars address, "
S- .S. L. REED, Pitiman, Fla.

".- ,.,S .
*.*. ...* .:., ... -...S -.,.


170


HOW OUR PAPFJR IS REGARDED. inviting in appearance, pure in senti-
S meant and progressive in principle, and
A Few Comments of Corres- surely must succeed." .
Mr.S. A. Stevens, of Sumter county.
pondents and the Press. writes: "I am in love with .our paper,
Mr. L. H. Armstrong, of St. Nicholas, but amn taking so many now that until
Duval county, writes under date of some subscription runs out 1 can 't take
Aptil 26th : "THE FLORIDA FARMER AND more, but calculate.to, be a subscriber to-:
FRtiT GROWER has far surpassed expec- your paper soon." -
tations. It sheds light on many obscure Mr. E. W. Amsden. of Ormondorn-the-
pages in the book'of Florida's'possibili- Halifax, viites as follows : "I am tak-
ties in fruit, footage, live stock and in the ing ten papers on agricultural subjects,.
development of her vast store of hidden and if asked to surrender thile FARMER
resources." AND FRuiT GROWER. I would' tell them
Mr. IrvingKeck. oftheBowlingGreen to take the other nine, but leave me
Land and Improvement Company, that. May peace and plenty and years :.:
writes under date of May -2d "'We of grace be given you to continue the --
think THE FARMER AND FRtIT GROWER good work.' .
the best to be had for farmers in Flor- Mr. J. V. Dansby; of.Pensacola, wbose -
ida. We always get new ideas from it." eminent success in truck gardening, as
SThe agent of Morgan's Bazaar, Starke, well as his able .writings on farm topics,
Bradford county, who is a news-dealer entitle his opinion to respect, expresses --
and subscription agent, writes as fol- himself as follows-: -"The- fire t number
lows: "THE FARMERAND FRUIT-GROWER of the FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER was
is the paper in an agricultural point of duly received and is the best thing in its
view. I would not be without it, and way I have seen. It is-'just the paper
honestly advise all workers of the soilto needed, and if you keep it up to the pres-
subscribe for it." ent standard of excellence must become ,.
One of the prominent- citizens of At- popular with the --people. I can't see
lanta, Ga., writing to the publishers of where .%ou have left any room for- im-.
the F.F..&F.-G., says: "Your last ven- provement..
ture, the FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT- Mr. Charles W. Stevenis. of OranIge
GROWER, is a remarkable one for the county, writes: "Your able paper fills -
beauty of its mechanical execution-and Want long felt in this part for a Lond ag-
the crisp, fresh and appropriate charac- ricultural-paper. Success to you.'" .
ter of its editorial and selected matter. Rev. T. W. Moore, of Marion county, 2
Professor Curtiss evidently knows how writes: "I believe your paper will do a
to work, and 'knowledge is power' only good work in disseminating new ideas in
when. there is indomitable energy behind regard to fruit raising, farming, stock
it. But I need not preach to C. H. Jones raising, etc.' .
on this topic,, as his pushing of the A veteran nurseryman; who objects to '
Times-Union to- success over or through the publication of -his- name, expresses .
mountains of opposition and difficulties himself thus: "1-like your parier first-
insurmountable to a man of less daring rate, and believe itwill be the ag'ricul-.
and persistent qualities, clearly proves." tural paper of Florida' I hope after a :
* Georgia's great agricultural journal, little while to give you an article every .
the Southern Cultivator and Dixie Far- week." ... -
mer -ay,: "The Succeo-iof the FLOir. A Mr. H. G. Daniels, of Amelia Island:-
FARMER AND FRuIT-GROWER, Of. Jack- -ju.Jluding from what I have seen of the
-),nville, surpasses that of an\ similar F.RMER AND FRI-.r-CROWER, it is the-
publication ib Amerir-a. The publi-hers 1,4 agricultural paper published in the
seem to I-e over liberal in giving the South. I predict immense success for it."
nieclhanical part cveviy attraction po-,si- Mr. Arthur Brown of anta Ra
Me. while Elitir C'urtis is d.,ing th Mr A rithur row n. of IIIta copy
best work of His life. It is a conin- county, writes: Judginc by the copy
lion tha auot fi.lt of audntsent me the paper is -A No. 1,'and I do
tion tlcaunot failof abundant sucrs-;,. "ht "a I a "
The:uivt,:r s hveertr toeeuch~~ not wi-h to mi~ssasincie number."
The Cu'tltiratior isnevrer sorry to st-ti such
enterprise rewarded, as we have no Mr S. L. fuller. of Scrfner. Flrida, .
rivals to be jealous of,i bt wish all suc- writes: -If y ou contiritueto make the
Cras te." fFLORI'A. FARMER AND FRuir-tGiROCWVER.
Mr. Percival Biewer, of Mon iuth equal to the first number, you will cer-
Mr. Percivas Bnewer of Monmr:,uth. tainlv furnish the agrkulturists of Flor-
I I., w rites-, under date o r A pril 9d : "l. ^ ^ ^
thihk your pasper the best *rAri'ul l ida with a paper that will please them.
likyour paer the best agriutral m traveling through the country
paper published in theSouth." among-the farmers, anid in every way
Hon. J. C. Pelot. uf Manatee, writes as that I can assist you it will be cheerfully
follows: ."I look upon -your paper as done."
one of the most valuable -additions to r. W. N. Justice. ommisston met-
our agricultural interests. It is ably chan.. f. philtlhi. witec:' 'tHavibM -
e.lited. practical, directs attention lo ce t firsta e o yor -.
evdte ri ~meo oragriclul-
matters of primary importance in the t e hal paper, ant being delighted withita
development of our various.nd.ustTies, tone, we wish you to insert our dard for
and carries with ita spirit of Set-rgy and six m .onths. "
enterprise that must address itself to ev- s mnh-
ery searcher afte.,tformation." [From the Texas Farmer.I -
~-;Judging frqm- t#e-er~resioris of*.-Bp.- r&'-^ ***wr'-^t0--w-Ha~f^" -
proval .which'Iare coming to us daily e tn State i ui-te'al-: e-s.-
from correspondents and the press, and oughtito be.callhd the lando- fruits and
from the rapid increase of our subscrip- flowers,'for each of these grand divis-
tion list. it is evident that the FARMER ions of hoFticulture are equally at home
AND FRITT-GROWER has met with a more there. The FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT
favorable reception than wewhad yen- G-ROWER is an ably conducted and ele-
tured to expect. gantly printed paper devoted to these
In a few instance we can give the sen- very topics, to which we refer the reader
timent of a letter by quoting one or. two for further information.
sentencea.s, as in the following examples: [From the So. Live Stock Jourual.1
Prof. S. N. Whitner. of the Agricul- We regret that the first number [of
tuial College of. Florida. writes as fol- the FARMER AND FRarrGROwERj failed
lows; "I can say in all sincerity, it ha, to reach us; but the second shows very
exceeded my. m, st sanguineexpectatious. handsome sheet as to paper, typography
Already it is without a peer in all the and general makeup, whi'e'the addi-
South." tional department is all we expected of
Mr. Thomas Meehan, the distinguished the distinguished editorr. Many of our
horticulturist and proprietor of the Ger- readers are interested directly and sec-
mantown nurseries, in a letter dated ondarily in everything connected with
March 5th, writes: "'I am very much Florida, aud we cordially commend this
pleased with the FARMER 'AND FRUIT- new and excellent periodical as worthy
GRO'wER. and shall read it regularly, of their patronage. With' best wishes
which you know is a highs compliment for its success, we welcome this new as-
for an editor to pay to an exchange." pirant for public favor and patronage,
Prof. D, L. Phares, the eminent pro- feeling assured of the good work it will
fessor of biology in the Agricultural Col- accomplish min and out of Florida.
lege of Mississippi; says in the Southern I [From the Gardeners' Monthly]
Live Stock Journal: "His [the editor's] "We are continually receiving new
valuable paper already appearing in the agricultural ventures, but usefqlfas they
first numbers are fulfilling our expecta- are in their own special fields, we rarely :
tion and prediction. They may be fully find in them anything of special.interest
relied upon for conscientious correc-, to the intelligent class o horticulturistes
ness of statement and scientific accur- for'which the Gardeners' Monthly has to
acy of detail." cater. We were, therefore,. agreeably
Hon. J. Win. Ewan, writing from surprised on reading among the batch
Miami, Dade county, says: "Certainly of exchangeson our.table, No. 2 of this.,
you are doing a good work in establish- to find it of a very high order of intelli-
Ing an enlightened and scientific system gence, and one which must have an ex-
of agriculture, which heretofore has cellent effect in fostering Florida's inter-
been seriously-neglected. Your paper is esats." .




ORMOND ON' TPRUB LIFAXF -


FOB REST OP HAMMOCK LAND OR BEARING ORANGE GROVES-


; ---CALL ON OR ADDRESS- .



JAMES CARNELL


"a





--mis ci-i,'-'


FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, JUNE 1, 1887.


o -- /a -of our civil war, when prices dropped
uiflt a rm, from the pinnacle they had temporarily
*'. "S Y __ -attained. Still, King Cotton had now
s planted his feet fairly in India and he
INDUSTRIAL INDIA. was there to stay. Not only was the
*ei raw material raisedbut machinery was
Amerioa's Rival in the Cotton brought to the product, and mills were
extensively established.
and Wheat Markets. The largest cottQn mills I ever inspect-
BY PROF E. WARREN CLARK. ed were located on the Hoogly, near Cal-
Max Muller, the most competent of m is. The ound of myriads of spin-
oriental scholars, says : "If I were to ning machines and the rattle of innu-
look over the whole earth to findout the merable reels, the threadsof which were
country most richly endowed with all skillfully directed by Hindoo women,
the wealth,; power and beauty that na- declared to me that a new manufactur-
Ire can bestow, in somre parts a very ing era had' dawned. A jute factory
paradise oan earth, i should point toa r which I also inspected close by employ-
India."' ed over 1,400 hands.
Other writers, equally capable of Subsequently, traversing the grain
J judging, declare her to be a more comn- districts of Northern India, the cotton
plete epitome -of the world, than any dis tricts of. Agra, and the tea planta-
other country. This results from the tions of Dehra-Door, the fact slowly im-
great variety of her climate, the inex- pressed itself upon me that the star of
haustible fertility of her soil, the density commercial empire had not forgotten to
and complexity of her population, the rise again in the East, even while we were
antiquity o f her historic records, and boasting that "Westward" it would for-
the intensity of her religious faith and ever take its way.
fanaticism. A FORMIDABLE COMPETITOR.
India embraces an area of one million I remember remarking to a Calcutta
and-a half. square miles, is as large merchant (in 1875) that "The next de-
-as Europe-Russia included, is in cade will see India knocking the price
shape a triangle, with base restingunder of cotton down to a point that will give
.the snowy rangeof the Himalayas, and our Southern States 'the chills,' and the
its apex. pointing southwardF within. a price of wheat down to a point where
S* few degrees of the equator. I our Western States will have to 'stir
British India, proper, is twelve times round' to compete successfully with the
the area of Great Britain, and seven unexpected rival."
times that of France. Two of her-sacred N- ont lynso, but coming directly from
riversrise amid the region of glaciers a long residence in the tea growing dis-
and eternal snow; and flowing through. tricts of Japan and China, I saw at
a score of fertile proyvines, empty by a one, amid the tea plantations at the
hundred mouths into the sea, surround- base of the' Himalaya Mointaini. that
ed by the luxuriance and richness of this great monopoly would soon be
tropical vegetation. broken. ...
THE POPULATION OF INDIA. Let us glance a moment at the facts
Under the British rule and sanitary developed withinthe decade of which I



"ativ-. Ho --a ... handeu os Bionouk hf enh Th coltvtion-indstr hasgim
regime the death rate has been greatly have spoken. The cotton industry has
lowered of late years, and the popula- developed to an importance oecnd only
tion of 263 million, increases one-half to that of the ITni ed States. The fibre
per cent. annually. Of, this vast num- is somewhat inferior to American .cot-
her, 200 million are indoos, 50 millions ton, and the -nethod of ginning and
are Mohammedans, and the balance be-: packing it irs v ery rude. The pres rt
lOng- to other religious beliefs, price ields sniall profits, and the dis-
Thenumberof Europeans olrall classes, tance from the European market is
merch-irts. soldiers, missionaries, clerks great. vNe rtheless, the output is enor-
and officials, residing in India, averages mous, the facilities for quick transvpr-
s tbsn ons e io every. three thousand tation, viathe Suez Cangl, are increasing,
natives. How a handful of Britons suc- the method of cultivation is being em-
S ceed in holding so vast an Empire in sub- pro-ved, the wages paid, of only seven
S.. eion is indeed a mystery. It may in andu eight cents' duay, gender competi-
part be accounted forby the total lack of tion with free colored labor, very close,
.Great, and the Granli ited number of Indilidu-
dsunity among the native princls and pet- and the un imiter of i. n
pIe. Their intumerable religiousanin P, als engaged in its production will-
liticaldlvtisions, theirjealousiesand count- lowly ou surel tend to diminish the -
less caste distinctions- make -them in- price, and 4ower the already pitiful
-capable of a eUll government, and uOi nable profits. "King Cotton" it. in his dotage
to secure or to keep their national inde. in America. 'ad ready "-King Corn"
pendece. crowds im er close, and the latter
.The riches of India have ever tempted cropcannot be raised in Hindostan.
the nupidity qf conquerors. who, time u -INDlA'S wEar CRO P.
-band again since the days of Alexander But a more serious question yet. in-
*the Great, and the G(reat Mogul, have evolved in the.Iompetition of Indcia's in-
desceided upon her fertile plans. But, duoo tries. is that of wheat. The wheat
icosoclats, though some of them were. ciop'tPendia.for iv85 was two hundred
they feft more magnificent remains of and eighty-ti million bushels, being
S their skill than the heathen temples twety million over that of the preced-
they destroyed; and to-day, the most tig year The crBp is rapidly- increasing,
b,- ri` g edtirpTrbuildings of. tLie Orient, -d no. Lhle that ofhe- ited Statesl is 'pro-
of tfie idrl';ateid"-nda it hre irt andf portionally 'decreasingg. India already
nature combine to furnish their master- produces over half as miu(oh cf this cereal
pieces. a- s the United Stats.
a CO.MERCL Ciw (ONQUEST. The president of the New i.rseys Agri-
It isa suggestive historic fact, that the cultural Association, in discussig the
latest conquests of the great peninsula new Pfol.lem before the meduber f thit
wara commercial one. Not until treo body, says: '-I will refer again toi the
East India Trading Company had plant.- subject of India wheat, which I discussed
ed cne foot of commercial monopoly in a year ago. I- then t.,ld you of the in-
S India could G-eat Bri'ain plant the foot creased production of wijeat in that
of political power there also. The cow- country, how it had grown up within
mercial supreme cy obtained in India the past four.or five years to millions of
brought her under the s% ay of Britain, bushels, that it was being imported in
and the commercial supremacy which large quantities into, England, frauce
India herself is now rapidly obtaining. -and Belgium, and had reducedd the price
brings her products into close competi- in these countries, as well as here at
tion with those of the Eastern and home, and wrs, then eriusly ,om-peting
Western world. with American wheat in all these mar-
Just here is where our subject of In- kets. All that I then said has been fully
dustrial India, becomes of practical ima- confirmed."
portance to us in these United States, In iilustratimnl how the market price
and just here we may note how rapidly is being affected. he says: "And though
India is replacing even American pro- our crop of wheat was less. and our
ducts in the markets of the old world. shipments to Europe less than the year
We had well nigh assumed, previous previous, the prices, instead of improv-
to the civil war, tfiat the United States ing, have fallen in Europe. To show you
possessed the special prerogative of the extent and effect e this competition
feeding and clothing Europe. In this I -ill read to you an extract from a
19th century of inventive genius and letter received 6iv me Idm a corn mer-
agricultural advance, the McCormick chant in Liverpool. Under date of De-
reapers of our Western plains, and the cember 19th. 18A5, he writes as follow:
steani cotton-gins -of our sunny South, 'Our supplies of %%heat, despite such
were considered the arbiters of commer- reduced American shipments, are super-
cial destiny. The "'great American abundant, and prices were never so lowl
eagle" spread one wing patronizingly as this autumn, fully three pence, nearly
over European bread-stuffs, and the four pence, under last year. andt still it
other wing over Manchester manu- comes. India appears inexhaustible.
fractures. uttering meanwhile a shrill cry My sons itheactive paitnersin ithe house
of s If-congratulation. are selling ten times as much Indian as
RESELTS OF CIVIL waiR. American wheatt'
-"This Indian wheat can be laid dowwn
But suddenly, a change comes over in the Liverpool and London markets at
the spirit of her dream. A "'slight mis- seventy-f ive cents per buon ll, which is





understandotaiing" ocur be rtween tshe su s event opicntg ther county whith
understanding" occurs be teen the sub- lower than our farmers can do it, and at
jects of her two sections. While North these prices it will pay the India farmers
and South are engaged in adjusting the a larger profit than our farmers are now
matter, British manufacturers suffer, and realizi6g on the wheat the sell.o This
the lion roar s. King Cotton appears for Indm wheatcan be brought to New York
the moment -in danger of being de- by way ot the Suez Canal for eighty
troned. Cainbrics give place to cart- cents. and but for our protective duty 6ft
ridges; bales are used to stop cannon twenty cents per bushel, it could be laid
balls: breadatuffs rise to famine prices; down threat that price. With tlheduty
plow shares are relinquished for swords, added it can now be placed in New York
and monitors replace spinning ma- at one dollar per bishel.
chines., was constrained to look to the ." With the reduced rates of transport-
urope u ing wheat to the seaboard, which will
East for those supplies of raw material follow when new and competing roads
-which the ar in the West blockaded are ilt, theyisoon will he openg
her from obtaining. At first British aebi, a y s w be o
capitals tredto timlae cttn cl-up and developing the country ; with
captalststred cstmultecotowasl their cheap and f~ertile lands, and the
tirre~in Italy and Egypt. The effort slow price they are paying for labor, the
*only partaialy successful, and the supply India farmer in the nest tep years will
warn entirely unequal to the demand, be in the Un~ted States with hiis wheat,
Cotton seed. was then taken from the
United States to India (where it was also competing with our farmers here in our
indigeneous) aind after-several years of own home markets, unless the present
xpeimen, te grat indutrywasduty of twenty cents per bushel shaU be
-:_' exprimet, te .reat"indstrywasincreased."
fairly introduced and extended to an So" we see the invisible and remote
--enornmous degree. The high prices Bindoo enter'mg American politics as an
Which ruled, pushed the industry rap- agmn o poeto"adhg
idly forward in this new field, where tariffen foI"poeto"adhg
co tton had previously been raised only In a recent interview wit h Mr. Sawyer,
: -on a smatl scale, an English merchant from Calcutta, who
'.- -.. ROa.WTn OF TUE COTtON LEDUSTRY. Was passing through New York City on
V-Lnder the Stimulus of- 1he n'ew indus- him way home, he said that the great
'_-.try,. fortunes .were made in Bombay question in India at the-present time is
:----. almost as fastasS they~were lost in New the question of wheat. "We have,"
i""_.:Or~leasfe, _thb~ugh .-a-panic subsequently said be, "during the~past few years en-
*. -occurred in the-fdrmer city, at the close tered into competition with the wheat


4,-"'- -- -. =-


market in London, and India now stands
third in the list of wheat producing
countries, America being first and Russia
second. Steps are being taken, by the-
government for opening up warehouses
and lowering the rates of transportation
by railway down to the seaboard. I
fancy that the next few years will wit-
ness immense competition in wheat."
INDIA IN THE TEA MARKET.
Not only their Great West, but the Far
East must face this growing question of
Industrial India's competition-and
rivalry. For example, the exportation
of tea from India only began about 15
years ago, and. yet the crop annually
shipped at present, exceeds 70,00,60
pounds. The Chinese crop (of 180,000,-
000 pounds) is stationary, while India's,
(under the fostering care -of the British
Government)t is rapidly increasing.
Plantations were originally started by
the government, and all sorts of favor-
able grants were made to planters. It is
expected that' within the next fifteen"
years, India teas will well-nigh drive the
Chinese from the market.
Japan teas are not affected to the sanime
extent, for four fifths of the tea ex-
ported from that country comes to the
United States. The annual export in
1875, was 22,500,000 pounds, an ,1 is in.
creasing steadily. Japan tea is--green.
China tea is black, and India .has a
variety of teas combining the excellence
of.both. The question of profitable tea
cultivation is simply a q(ue-.t iou n;f cheap
labor, in picking, firing., soaring and
packingithe tea, and this essential India
possesses. :
OPIUM PRODUCTION. .
The productions of India are.so-variedi
that we cannot even enumerate theni:
One of the most profitable is that of
opium. Thecultivation of the poppy-
plant is conducted on a large scale near
Patna, and is entirely under govern-
ment control. No private companies
are allowed to export it. The opium
trade is a financial bonanza to India,
and an unmitigated curse to China.
Special lines of steamers convey the?
drug to the latter country. It- is pro-
pared in balls, like pitch, catefully
parched, and sold for its weight in sil-
ver. The steamer "Hindostan," op
which I sailed from Hong-Kong, fre-
quently carries 200 tons of silver, in re-
turn for the cargo of opium brought
from Calcutta. As long as British
opium is forced upon China, at the
mouth of British guns, ;and by the pe.-
isuasive sequence of the ever-present
ron-cdads. English missionaries there
fin.d it up-hill work in preaching the
gospel of the -goldie rule."
The indigo cultivation at Allahaha-
dad, the rice cultivation in the central
provinces, where canals of great length
ar- used for irrigation, are extensive
and profitable.
The secret of India's ability to com-
pete willth miopre civilizedd countries lies
in the innumreable population, the.
cheapne's of labor, the fertility of soil,
and the surprisingly small amount reT
':uired to sustain the common a.borerr.
A Hjundoo lives .oe.- tp .
His food is curry-and rice_,-suppldeTe,
ed by chewing the betel-nut. This ntt has
the sustaining 'quahities of.).baccoiand
th0 quieting effects of opium.. He
chews it inceesantly, and becomes nerr-
ous, wiry, and capable of considerable
endurance. His drink is water, tgkeu
from a ,kin bottle, or sipped fr. a
plantain leaf. Of clothing he req.Thres
but little, and mo-t of that is wori. on
his head. in the shape of a huge turban
His farm-house is a thatched-roof hut,
his utensils are of bamboo, and hishi.m-
pieutents are of th'- rudest sort.
He sinks no capital iu modern inncqa,
tions. He never heard of a sulky-pl ,
an Acme harrow,or a McCormnick rea ier?
He gins his cotton with a rude mac ine
of his own, and threshes his grain tiLb
bamboo sticks. ;-:
CHEAP LABaR VERSUS MAC''INERYt- ,.
In his race with modern methods, afl
western agricultural appliances.he illus-
trates the old table ot the tortoise and
the hare. The slo- and sleep Hino'
overtakes the more' rapid and wide-
awake westerner, andi makes upl in
quantity what he lacks iu time. While
the mighty reapers. steam threshers.and
self-feeding cotton-gins of the western
world are producing a din and n6ise
that would frighten the average Asiatic,
the mild Hindoo is plodding along as
million hare phlodded before him, nnd
succeed. in undermining the very mar-
kets which this vast rattle of machinery
is aiming to supply'.
Thus it come5 to pass. dhat the cohn-
try whither we send our-missiiinarieA to
turn the deluded heathen from the eior
of their ways, is actually meeting urin
the markets of the world, and there d,
throwing our idol-"King Cotton," ff_
proselyting our farmers from their fait'
in wheat to the principle and purpose
of raising some other commodity, the
price of which cannot be reached 4nd
rivaled by the mild and mighty Hindoo.

Furman's Fertilizer Formula.
Now, to give you the formula upon
which nivy compost is made: Take. ,30
bushels well rotted stable manuredor
well rotted organic matter, as leaves,
muck. etc.. and scatter it about -hr/ee
inches thick upon a piece of ground "so
situated that water will not. stand onjt,
but shed off in every direction. The lO
bushels will weigh about 900.pounds.
Take 200 pounds of good acid phosphate
and 100 pounds kainit, and mix the acid
phouphate and kainit thoroughly, thin
scatter evenly on the manure. Tike
next 30 bushels green cotton seed and
distribute evenly over. the pile and wet
them thoroughly: thpey will weigh 900
pounds. Take again 200 pounds acid,
phosphate and 100 pounds kainit; 'mix,
and spread over the seed; begin again on
the manure, and keep on in_tlhds way,
building up your heap layer by layer
until you get it as high as convenient,
then cover with sixin'ches of rich earth
from fence corners, and leave at least-
six weeks.
.When ready to haul' to .the :field, out
.with a spade" or pickaxesquare -do'n,
*'=-- -"'


Ind mix as thoroughly as possible. Now
we have 80 bushels of manure, weighing
900 pounds, and 800 pounds chemicals
in the.first laybr, and 80 bushels cotton
seed. weighing 900 pounds, and 800
pounds of chemicals in the second layer,
and these two layers combined form the
perfect compost. You perceive that the
weight is 2,400 pounds. Apply the first
year 500 pounds per acre in the drill;
the second year 1,000 pounds, and the
third year 2,000 pounds, after this use
from 4,000'to 20,000 pounds per acre, as
you may be able to prepare.
*
Florida Muck.
SIt is undoubtedly true that muck re-
ceives less attention-from farmers and
agricultural writers now than formerly.
The manufacturers of phosphates and
other artificial fertilizers have the floor.
They say, "do not waste time in getting
muck out of your swamps. Sow phos-
phates and grow green crops and plow
them in, and these will furnish inor-
ganic matter cheaper than you can get
it from your muck beds."
.So far as carbonaceous matter is con-
cerned, this is true. But it is a question
,of nitrogen. If there is a good supply of
nitrogen in the soil, it will not 'pay to
use muck. Better try to render the
nitrogen already in the soil available.
On the rich prairie soils of the West, it
is not uncommon to find five pounds of
nitrogen in a ton of dry soil. No one
would, think of drawing muck on such
,oils. But while we have millions of
act-res of such land in the United States,
we have also millions of acres of good
land where there is not over an ounce
of nitrogen in a ton of soil, and millions
more of sandy land where there is not
over an ounce of nitrogen in 1,000
pounds of soil.-
The manufacturers of fertilizers will
sell us available nitrogen in the form of
nitrate of soda,-sulphate of ammonia,
dried blood, etc.. for eighteen cenit per
pound, andin fish scrap for fifteen cents
per pound; and for-scme crops we can
well afford to buy it at these prices.
But the true aim of the American- far-
mer is to develop the inert nitrogen ex-
isting in the soil. If the use of phos-
phates and po0ash will enable him to do
this, by raising green crops, and plow-
ing them up or feeding them out on the
farm, that is good farming. Youcannot
'get the nitrogen, however, unless it is in
the soil. You cannot get it from the at-
mosphere.
-Thiereare. unquestionably, mafny-soils
so poor in nitrogen that. if there is a
good muck bed on the farm, the muck
can be used to great advant ge. The
Hon. Charles Delano, of Florida, sent to
tne chemist ,of the Department of Agri-
culture, at Washington, four samples of
muck. The dry muck contained 2.43,
1 57, ".11 and 2.''-0 per cent. of nitrogen.
This is an average of aboiit two and a
quarter per cent. In other words, a ton
of dry muck ctntained 45 pounds of ni-
trogen.
Why will it not pay to use this muck?
Mir. Delano writs us: "If a load of this
muck is dumped fifteen rr twenty feet
-fro.-an. orange -tree, -the Topts c f the4
tree will find it and fill the pile full of
fibre roots almost to the top of the pile."
The roots were probably in search of
moisture and foubd it in the muck.
Muck alone is not manure. It should
be used in connection with phosphates
and potash. And it should not be for-
gotten that truck is slowv in its action.
It will last many years, and give out its
nitrogen to plants only as a nitrification
renders it soluble. For this, lime, pot-
ash or soda is necessary. The subject
is certainly worthy of attention.-Amer-
ican Agriculturist.

The Largest Farm in the World.
In the extreme southwest corner of
Louiiana lis the largest producing farm
in the world. It runts 1"10 miles northand
south, arid as many east and west, and
i owned and operated by a syndicate of
Ni-, then capitalists. Theirgeneral man-
.|-er, .1 B. Watkins. gives an interesting
ac.:.,inr of this gigantic plantation.
which throws the great Dalrymruple farm
in Dakota into the shide completely.
Tie lTi,50r.iii acres of our tract."i Mr.
Watkins said, "" was purchased in 1,3
front the State of Louisiana and from the
United States Government. At that
time it was a vast grazing land for the
cattle of a few dealeis in the neighbors"
hood. When I took possession I found
over 30,0:() head of half wild horses and
cattle. My work was to divide the'iuim-
mense tract into convenient pastures,
establishing stations or ranches every six
miles. The fencing alone cost in the
neighborhood of $50.000. The land I
found to be adapted to rice, sugar, corn
and cotton. All ourt cultivating, ditch-
ing. etc., is done b) steam power. We
take a tract, say half a mile wide. for
instance, and place an engine on each
side. The engines are portable, and ope-
rate a cable attached to four plows, and
under this arrangement we are able to
plow thirty acres a day with only the
labor of three men. Out harrowing,
planting and other cultivation is done in
like manner; in fact, there is not a single
draught horse on the entire place. We
have, of course, horses for the herders
of cattle, of which we have now 16,000
head. The Southern Pacific Railroad'
runs for-thirty-six miles through our
farm. We have three steamboats ope-
rating on the waters of our own estate,
upon which are 300 miles of navigable
waters. We have an ice house, a bank,
a shipyard and a rice)mill."

Cheap Paint and Good White-
wash.
In reply to your inquiry for some cheap
material with which to cover an old
barn whoseboards are so weatherbeaten
as to be unfit for paint, we recommend
the-following: Skim milk 2 quarts,
fresh slacked lime 8 ounces, linseed oil
6 ounces, white Burgundy pitch 2
ounces, Spanish .white 3 pounds. The
lime is to be slacked in water, exposed
to the air, and then mixed with one-t
fourth of the milk; the oil in which the
pitch is dissolvedlis to be added a little at


B LACK COW PEAS
Make best. 'ines for fertilizing or forage.
Price $1.35 per Bushel.
CHOICE WHiTE BLACK EYE PEAS. -
$1. 0 per Bushel.. -
OLEO R. REYNOLDS,
41 E at Bay Street, JacKsonvUlle. Fla.


R OTAL PALM NURSERIES

MANATEE, FLOiRIDA.
-Rare tr,:ipi.at> oramneatal and fritI plants for
open air culture in Florida. and f:.r the North-
ern greenhouse. Aisn, a full LAn. (if aem; -tropi -
icaltrees., plait and grasce. and generati nur-
cerv ,rock adapted to Fi-r-ia and the b 'ouin.
E.or.es trom luIndi. Au6stralia n'id the West
Indies,many or triemn never t'efore introduced
int. in le UJtmeJ States.
The ,oit co:ni-i:te des'.r.ptive catauiiue of
tr:,pi'cal and aerni-tr..pical riles pubdiined Ln
Amcrica. i ,atliogue .g lde.-, post-pad, on re-
cepr or 1 5 Cent,. Free to all cn Lomere
REASONER BROS..
ManaLee, Florida.


1~flfl NUtS atiPtiSt) VOtiNit u)RANOE


. 1 C NICE BUDDHDT YOUNG ORANGE
1.5UU TREES,
BEST TVAE.IETIES,
From 20 so 40 Cents each. 7S- to I 1-4
inches.
Sour stalks and sweet srdlings at prices to
suit patron s.
A. A PRESBREY,
Drayton s.hand.


APAN L-LOVER AND TURF ORASS
\Lcspede::=, striciti and Pas;,cltun p'tipnulfe.'
liluhttated and described In FLORIDA FARMER
AND FRUIT ()ROWER.
Supplied at 81.00 per thousand,
-BY-
T. K. OUDBEY, Waldo, Florida.
B AYPORT,
Hernando Couutuy. Elorida,
5irteen miles west of Hernando Hotel, Brooka-
v-dle, on the shore of the GOulf at the mouth of a
beaudfud Spring River. Fnesi fi shihg, boating
and sailing. Good accommodations Try-weekly
Hack Line.


S. S. L'ENtGL E CO.,

STOVES,

(CROCKERY

GLASSWARE
LAMPS,

SOIL STOVES,q
BAR GOODS,

WOODEN-VW ARE.


PRICES THE LOWEST.

C. S. L'ENGLE & CO.,

JACKSONTILLE, FLA.


R.ILET, GROVER & CO.,
ESTATE AGENTS FOR

RASIN FERTILIZER CO'S

SOLVABLE SEA ISLAND GUANO

DISSOLVED BONE AND AMLKALI
PHOSPHATE,

AIND WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
FRUITS AiD PRODUCE.

Get our Prices before buying.


Canada Hard-Wood UnIleached
ASHES!
Cheapest fertilizer io ase, and free front nex-
ious weeds. Supplied in car lots of 12 or more
tons. Guaranteed free of rubbish. Put up i
barrels.. Price and analyalis free on application.
Address, CHAS STEVENS,
Box 47 Napanee, Ontario, Caoado.


CONSIGNHENTS OF EGGS,
cCHICKENS, FRUIT, AND
COUNTaY PRODUCB
SOLICITED BY CONTY ODWE
J. H. SUTHERLAND,
WHOLESALE PRODUCE
COMMISSION MEKXRCHAMT,'
18 OCeAN "JANIIT,
JAOKIONmLI.


FLORIDA





FarND-
): [--AND.--


a time, then the rest of the milk, and
afterward the Spanish white. This will do
for twenty-fiveyurds of twocoatsand will
produce white. If desirable, colors can
be made with various substances.
The following recipe for whitewash is
excellent: Add to one peck oit white
stone lime while it is slacking, 1 pound of
tallow and 2 quarts of strong salt brine.
Thin to a proper consistency and apply
with a whitewash brush. The tallow
repels moisture and the salt hardlens the
lime. Colors may be produced bLy add-
ing common pigments." Again,. takeone
part of fine white sand, two parts of
wood ashes, three parts of slacked lime,
sift through a fine sieve or screen, mix
well and stir with linseed oil to- the con-
sistency of paint. Ada a little lamp-
black to the color, if, wanted, This is a
very cheap and desirable paint, and
equally good on wood or brick, being fire
proof. Apply as other paints are applied.
-Farm and Home.
C
Reclaimed Swamps.
A reclaimed swamp needs to'be plowed,
harrowed and cultivated to let the air
into the soil quite as much as it needs
fertilizing. Very likely an application
of muriate of potasn or wood ashes will
be of benefit. But it will be well to ap-
ply a complete manure, furnishing nitro-
gen and phosphoric acid as well as pot-
ash. Fr.ii 50 to l,.i00 pounds peracue of
any complete fertilizer may be used, or
half a ton of muriate bf potash, or 80 to
50 bushels of unleached ashes. Un-
leached ashes and fine ground bone,half
and half, will make a valuable dressing,
or dissolved bone may be used instead of
the fine ground b.,ne.-Farm and Home.


W DEVOTED Tou THEa

DEVOTED TO THE "''


Garden,
~Orchard:,:


AND-






A. H.CURTISS,
EDITOR.
Taie jouurnat wilt have for its l' ndint'objeect
the promitirn -if rnrtl industriesln Florida, and
wilt advo.ati, especially a more divarenled and
inten.sive system of' agriculture and greiiter
eiinony f: hu.:.re reas.ur'e.
A-Treinin at tne agriulturaladaptanionsof
a large p.rti-n uor Florida are at. yet but imper-
jTbclr underer.)',d, a special aim of this aournil
whaill he ii-h,iterie the best results, which have
been accomplished, with the exact methods era-
ployed. and all influences affecting such results;
ale-i to siuagect x-periment, describe new or Little
kno'ern cr'p, iruite.s, e-. and record the progress .
of agriculrt"reW 10 nignorwg StaIts.
niomeni'ing with the first riumber and con-
tifling tro-ougri the season fr


Tree Planting,
There. WILL be 5 ser;en of articles on fruits-ouber
than ibo e or rho citrus group-which have
proved arirsrsucceEfui Lnathus Staeus. .ach va-
'riei~~~~~i-- -; ^^~cl*lb< ^ ^ ^ --,r ;L. -. i

Illustrated,


A'nd there widl be notes from persons who have
had espereni.': in its cLItrivation. This w-ill be
follt'w6i by Ua smitlir se'i c ra

Forage Plants,
And other sbiiectsiav w.II be illusrrated to a imite
extent.--
Much attention lbe odervoted to

Live Stock
And t:i the boime proiuetIionofforageandfertill
zers, two economies which are essential to sueo
ceeso-filtl farming. '" ,0
Questions relative to ailments of domestic
animals wltl be answered by an able veterinary
surgeon who forunnerty edited a like department
of the

Turf, Field and Farm.
A due amount of space will be devoted
household economy and to reports of ths ma
kets, and the departments of

Truck-Gardening,
Floriculture,
Poultry,
Veterinary
Practice, etc.


will be contributed to by persons who have made
specialties of those branches.
All portions of the State will receive a due
amount of attention, and their interests will be
represented by able correspondents.'
Under no circumBstances will thiajoimrnal be-
come the "organ" of any associationor locality.
IL will start out inrrammelled and will repre-
sent all sections and interests with absolute in-
partialtUy.


Published at Jacksonville on Wednesday -"
of each week.


PRICE- O u SuBSCnrPTIOT .
OneYear ......................{2 I ';
SixMonths ...................... -- --
Three Months "_
sP'tidEN COPIES FaRs. "*

t
Adijres subecriptlona and otber buisneM eor1 *'. --'.,
mnnlcatlous to ,- -. '

C. H. JONES & BRO.,
PUBLISES. -,
Communications for the editorial depart
should be addreed to -' ''
A. H. GURTISSE tot_.
.. ja0kovbisi.;

,-. .. -. -t .


171


ftC


9,

4


Fruit.ii' rwer,


f '








- FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, JUNE 1, 1887.


The Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower,
A. A, CURTISS, Editor.
C. H. JoNES & BROTHER, PUBLISHERS.


Office Cor. Bay and Laura Sts.


THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT
GROWER is an eight page 48 column Illustra-
ted weekly newspaper, devoted to the Farm,
Garden, Orchard and Household Economy,
and to the promotion of the agricultural and
industrial interests of Florida. Itis published
every Wednesday.
Terms of Subscription.
For one year........... .................................$ 2.00
For six months 1.00
Clubs of five to one address..................... 7.50
With dally TIMES-UNION, one year...... 11.00
With daily TIMES-UNION, six months 6.00
With WEEKLY TIMES, one year-........ 2.75
4r-Subscrlptions in all cases cash in ad-
vance, and no paper continued after the
expiration of the time paid for. The date on
the printed label with which the papers are
addressed is the date to, which the subscrip-
tion is paid and Is equivalent to a receipt for
payment to that date;' if the date is not
changed Immediately after a new payment,
the subscriber will please notify us at once.
SCORRESPONDENCE solicited on all sub-
jects pertaining to the topics dealt with in
this paper. Writers may affix such signatures
to their articles as they may choose, butmust
furnish the editor with their full name and
address, not" for publication but as a guarantee
ofgood faith. Rejected communications can-
iot be returned.
ADVERTISEMNENTS inserted to a limited
extent.. Rates furnished on application.
REMITTANCES should be made by Check
Postal Note Money Order, or Registered
Letter, to order of
C. H. JONES & BRO.,
Jacksonville. Fal


TABLE OF CONTENTS.

-F- RST PAG--Teosinte in Polk County; How to
Make Hay Caps; Hungarian Grass; The Co-
coanut in South Florida (Illustrated); The
Cocoanut in the Tropics; Ripeningof Peen-To
Peaches; Satsumia Orange; Prof. Riley's Scale
Wash'; Changes in Flavor of Fruit; The Ways
of the Ant Considered; Cotton-seed Compost;
Reclaiming Wet Lands (Illustrated); To Make
SYoung Fruit Trees Bear; Orange Growing in
California.
SECoND PAG--Horticultural Education; Hor-
ticultural Hints; Points about Peaches; Cats
and Rabbits; Of Interest to Truck Farmers;
Bermuda and Creole Onions; How to Make
an Asparagus Bed; Opium Culture in Florida.
THIRD PAGx-Industrial India; Furman'sFer-
tilizer Formula; Florida Muck; The Largest
Farm in the World; Cheap Paint and Good
Whitewash; .Reclaimed Swamps.
FOURTH PAGE (Editorial)-A Talk with Cor-
S respondents; The Prospect for Farmers;
Wanted, Practical Farmers ; Okeechobee
Drainage; A Sound Railroad Policy; Bonanza
;' Farmers; Politics in Farmers' Clubs, etc.
FIFTH PeAG-(Edited by Helen Harcourt); Our
Home Circle; Cosy Corner; The Family Friend;
Our Young Folks' Corner.
.SIXTH PAEB-Shnded Horses; Ticks on Cattle;
Cows at Calving Time; Bad Points in Horses;
S Not Wanted about the Dai'y; Quality of Jer-
sey Beef; Merits of the Angora- Goat; Foot
S ,' ,i in Shieep: Fl.-.ri.la fo,- Poulirr.
Srers ii a- I -ail ll ii~ir,'-r-i;
A+ v s-,r a - ,alf"W. Hi l, ,.i.,, t'
: .Serial Story, "For -Honor's Sake," by Far-
jeon. ."
EIGHTH PAGE-State News in Brief; The Indian
Key Massacre; The Domestic Doctor; Gov-
ernment Whitewash; June Weather; New
York and Jacksonville Markets.

SA TALK-WITH CORRESPONDENTS.

FARMERS' CLUBS.
Will you ask secretaries of farmers'
clubs to. send me a copy of their rules
and programmes? I wish, to get up a
: club here and would like some assist-
ance. J. M. G. W.
.. PINELLAS, FLA.
We wish some well organized club,
whether in this or another State, would
Send us -a copy of their by-laws and order
of business, and any other information
that may be of assistance in such cases, .
.-. and we will publish the same for the c
general good. -
S. TOBACCO STEMS.
Will you please inform me who fur-
nishes your quotations of tobacco stems?
SI want some and have written no less
S than six letters to Jacksonville about
S them without getting any information. I d
wish some one would advertise them. ]
CO.T.K.,
LENARD, FLA. -
-We give you a -dealer's address by
Postal card. -The refuse of tobacco fac-
S.- :-tories is put ulp in bales under the name
of tobacco stems, and furnishes a very
S' good fertilizer, containing all the essen-
-' tial elements of 'plant food, potash and
S lime being '.'a largest proportion. It is
S scattered on the ground and plowed un
S der a few weeks before planting time-
: rather shallow, so that the fertilizing -
en: eeuents may not. be leached down be- ,
i yond the reach of the roots. .
ORANGE DOGS. : t
Can you tell me some way of destroy-
ing the large velvety butterfly? It has t
black wings, striped with-bright-yellow, 4
ano its gaudy appearance is in great i
contrast to the- heinous- "orange dog" P
that it finally changes into. Its busi-
ness is to c-at up the leavesof the orange
tree. INQUIRER.
PITITMAN, FL. i
The great butterflY -which entomolo-. t
gists have named papilio crespihoiites,do)es t
not change into the orange dog, but
vice V'rsa. It deposits eggs on orange i
or other leaves. Hatching, they become t
the loathsome, slimlv, malodorous larva E
called the rangene dog." After obtain- (
ing its growth it 'shrinks within the a
s'ick-like cryealis which is found attach- r
?; ed:{otwigs. Within this the butterfly e
shapes itself.and after about a fortnight it f
breaks forth from its prison and emerges it
'. int6 the sunlight to delight the eye h
Sand lay more eggs. No means of abating I;


1^t: _-


the nuisance is known except to catch
and kill the Insect when found in eith
of its three stages. -
PEACHES, ANTS, CtT-WORMS.
On the first page will be found son
interesting notes elicited by inquiry
relative to the ripening tof Peen-
peaches, destroying ants, and using sa
with cotton-seed meal to prevent th
latter from attracting cut-worms. Th
information desired by several inquire
in regard to strawberry culture will b
afforded by a series of articles on th,
subject by Mr. Powers, the first of which
will appear in the next-issue.
MELON WORMS.'
I write seeking to learn if there is an
known preventive or remedy by which
the worm that bores into muskmeloi
can be stayed in his work of destru
tion. A. F. B.
NORTH JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
We can offer you no advice and b
lieve there is no effectual remedy known
Entomologists have applied the nan
phakellura hyalinatalis to this enemy o
the melon and cucumber, but still it coi
tinues in the even baseness of its way
and it is evident that Greek and Lati
have no terrors for it. You might dusi
the vines when moist with Persian ii
sect powder, but do not use Paris gree
or any other poison, for some boy in tlh
neighborhood may wish- to test tli
quality of your melons, and surely yo
would not wish to cut him off in tt
flower of his youth.
CHIGGERS.
Can you tell me what will relieve
my chickens of a pest which is nev
to us? It looks like a small flea, but in
beds itself like a tick. It kills, all ou
young chickens. Does not remain on
person, but attacks chickens, dogs an
cats.
C.T.K.
LENEED, Fla.
Our esteemed contemporary of th
Agriculturist has been bending his men
tal energies to the solution of this prol
lem, and has solved it to his own satis
fiction. We have used the name h
adopts and now quote what he says on
the subject:
"We have noticed in several of our ex
changes the query as to the best method
of getting rid of chiggerss," but so fa
have seen no response. Nearly two year
ago -this insect found its way into ou
poultry yard, and for some time they
covered the combs and wattles of the
fowls, and would get on most anything
that went into the yard. We tried al
the remedies we ever heard of, but they
failed. We then commenced feeding
sulphur liberally, in soft feed, and put
two or three drops-of carbolic acid in
their drinking -ater and stirred itf u
well each day. In about two weeks we
could not find 'a "chigger," and have not
seen one on the place since. We attrib
ute our success in getting rid of these
pests to the use of sulphur and carbolic
acid."
TEA' CULTURE.
M. C., of Lady Lake, writes that he
has been looking for an article in oui
columns on the culture of tea. Prof
Clark has offered to give us an article or
this subject, and, should he do so, we
will accompany it with a cut from a
photograph of a Florida teajplantor of a
branch of it. ,
THE SILK COLONY.
As Commodore Norris is summering
at the North, we .advise 0. R. B., of Or.
lando, to apply for information to Mrs.
Lucy M; Fox, Spring Garden, Volusia
county, who is superintendent of the
silk works. '. .
S THE PECANS OF RIBERA..
If you wish to know more of the
famous pecans which were described
nd illustrated in our 7th number, ad-
Iress Arthur Brown, Blackwater, Fla.
His grove is on the Blackwater river,
near its entrance into Pensacola Bay.

THE PROSPECT FOR FARMERS.

We' bespeak a careful reading of the
able article on Industrial India, which
will be found on another page. The
writer, Prof. E. Warren Clark, of Le6n
county, has spent many years in the
East, has written several books of travel,
and is thoroughly conversant with the
subject of which he treats.' Persons who
re not acquainted with 'the facts pre-
ented in this article will perceive that
he depression in the prices of farm
products is attributable to other causes
besides tariffs and freight rates, that
lnst remote causes areperhaps the most
owerful. Certainly this obstacle of
adian competition is the most insur-
nountable one, for whatever' measures
nay be adopted for the pr,:,te,:tion of the
ome market, we cannot control or ma-
erially influence foreign markets.
The population of British India out-
umbers that of the United Slates four
) one; probably it embraces six times
s many farm laborers, and they are
on tent to work for one-tenth as much
9 the average American farm laborer
eceives. With the stimulus of British
nterprise and the inceasing facilities
)r cheap transportation by sea and land,
is evident that this vast resource of
uman muscle can be made tremendous-
and disastrously effective when


172


ch brought in direct competition with the : Wanted, Practical Farmers. -
er enlightened farmers of this country and VPutor 'tlorida aormerand _5-ut.i Gowe:
Europe. The tariff affords a means of Somuch hasbeen saidpro and con on
".. *,. ..So much has been, said pro and con. on
protection against competition of for- Florida that it seems at first impossible
ie eign nations in home markets, but it is to touch upon any subject that has, not
es probable that American farmers can been handled. It is now over thirteen
to never market their staple products yas sirn'e I made my first purchase of
to never market their staple products and in this State. So fully satisfied
lt abroad. was I then of the gi eat future that I pur-
he Another form of competition which chased pretty largely.
ae operates more prejudicially to the inter- -. My 'ideas have.' been realized beyond
rs ests of the farming classes, especially as y imagination. Towns have sprung
asinto existence, railroads have crept all
be regards the wheat crop, is the system of over the State, properties have risen in
at farming by capitalists or syndicates, value beyond conception, and thousands
eh Thousands and tens of thousands of made happy and contented and placed
Sin financial positions that are enviable
acres are operated by wealthy companies All this has been done in spite of the
or individuals, who employ all the re- foolish prejudice that existed all the
ay sources of agricultural science and ma- time.
h wineryy, their laboring forces being un- It must be understood that Florida is
ns chinery, their laboring forces being un- not a place for thelame and lazy or the
c- der strict discipline and operated with visionary trifler. There are advantages*
military precision. With such advan- here that are untold. Time will prove
tages for economical production and it and decide whether prejudice or prac-
e- with advantages for transportation, tical demonstration wins. Much that
S. I has been, done has been through experi-
n. these syndicates can place an enormous ment. 'All had to be gone over before a
ue product on the market at prices less than basis was arrived at. Many went into
of the ordinary farmers can afford. An- raising vegetables who knew little else
r g g el i .tt of than otton -and corn before the w:ir,
- other growing evil is that of foreign and ever since they have not raised
s, landlords, who buy immense tracts of enough for their own consumption. We
in land in the West, rent them to Ameri- are graduating and that rapidly. A
st can farmers, and spend the income there- new era is upon us, not in the starting of
new towns or building large hotels-
n- from in Europe. enough of these. What must come next
n A long-continued era of almost uni- is'the practical farmer with capital, who
ae versal peace is a prominent cause of the will lay out enough land in various'
ae depression in prices. Armies of con- fittits, etc., reserving such lands as are
rs e r suited for raising his corn, hay and all
u summers have become armies of producers, thte necessaries for home consumption.
Le and the result is a surplus of food every- Still, the man who has a five or ten
where. It is probable that this happy acre grove can do well andi'live in corn-
condition will continue with but short for.' I-address this 'to the new comer
who wants to settle. Buy enough good
*e interruptions in the future, for the land to live by. A town lot or a sand
w increasing resources of military science duhe is a poor dependence. I make it
n- for inglorious, wholesale destruction m business to raise all I can and each
a of life, renders war an evil more and year profit by the experience of the
of~~~~~~~~~~ ifrneswraowmoeadpast. .'
d more to be dreaded and detested. The Why import horses, mules and beef?
farmers of this country might be en- They a re.-:easier raised here than else-
riched by foreign wars, but there are not where. There is plenty of water all
over the State. Did anyone ever hear
l many who would desire such a remedy or cattle inFlorida dying for want of
a- for "hard times."I water? If -they are put upon a range
b- Another cause of- the last named evil that is suitable for the summer months
is the depletion of the soil by the pio- they'fatten. In the fall drive them in
is neers in every section, who have Ipursuedupon your fields of rye, oats and turnips.
Sneersineverysectionwhohve u a out in the ring and cultivate the
e .the policy of taking without giving any- fields. The profit is in, the manure.
thing in return. In thus robbing the soil Without stock a farmer becomes poor.
they robbed their posterity, and the Beef, mutton, butter, milk and eggs
d present generation in most of the States arM'e essentials. Let the orange grove be
r finds itself in the position of a legatee to side issue, fs Tlanked by plums, grapes,
an ncuberd etat, nt t enoynuts and other fruits. This is intended
San encumbered estate, not able to enjoy to abply to the actual settler, not to the
r its possession till "after paying all hon- bird of'passage who comes here to win-
e est debts." After the first tillers of the ter, puts out a few orange trees, goes off
-a soon as iay comes.=in, leaves thec
9 soil have exhausted its virgin fertility, soo pa yap o ne lo evs th
afterce, perhaps to one %ybo is just as
after they have done all they can of ignorant as the owner of the cultiva-
S"breaking up new ground," then comes tion of trees.
Sthe inevitable struggle for existence to As I ride ,along in different sections it
n Ih i. m st S s ad to eeeso many acres of good land
.which-.ninety-nine in a:hundred must goi t' forest. The owner' in
Send themselves. some instancesarediscouraged, in others,
The average farmer of the present day broken down for want of funds, and in
- has a hard row to hoe, no. doubt. There- nearly eve'ry-instance they started out
fore the more need of courage and ex- wrong, with poor trees, badly set and
e fore the m ore need of courage, and ex- no ar d f nt e s ci n f c u t y
not cared for. In the section of country
Section. The majority of mankind must I havb fortunately settled, there are n
ever be tillers of the soil, and the aver- thousands of acres of fine lands, capable a
age tiller of the soil cannot expect to of pro, ucing vast quantities of food ele- t
Se l N ments, a region healthy to a degree, t
Sliver mn luxury. Nevertheless che can with proper diet and water. From the b
command more sources of solid comfort latter can be traced the principal troub- t
and enjoyment than' any other class. lee-light fevers. f.
1 If the farmers of the East have sunk The vegetable season has been fairly a
e into of d n p t remunerative, encouraging growers to A
into a conditionof degrading poverty it theeztent that a larger quantity will be a
is through the combined influences of pro'dued next year. With, protection, e
Ignorance, tyranny and priestcraft, betterculhivati:u, irrigation and a more h
These dire enemies to prosperity and thorough knowledge of the right fertil- p
must still c a edi i zers required, betteirresults will be ob- t,
progress must still be combatted, but taiiied. In Marion county s the orange
with the resources of this enlightened crop will he considerably less than last e
age they need hardly be dreaded. year. The large aind thrifty growth
promises well for a great crop in 1888.
The enemies to progress love darkness, pro .es ellfragat crop i 1..
Tefarm products are lag for the
and the constant cry should be, more amount of population, not over 3.50,0.00.
light! Farmers must faithfully support We have through the entire State, not p
the 'schools and colleges,- experiment '"1,101,J00 acres tilled, over 500,000 head 5(
stations and ag-ricultural .papera, and of cattle, 40,000 horses and mules and o
.stations anu agrcultural papers, anu -j -^~ .... ^ ... w^
250,000 hogs.. We can safely say we G
they must send honest and able men to have plenty of milk, and over 200,000 8t
the halls of legislation, if they would pounds of honey are raised annually, to g
save themselves from the yoke which say nothing of 1,000,000 boxes of oranges
syndicate and milli....ie stuk "gam-and lemons; then come pine-apples, vege- c
*syndicates and..million. sk g tables and other minor products too d
blers would place on their shoulders. It numerousto mention, a
is simply a matter of- self protection and The growing of grapes for the manu- si
self preservation. The producing classes factitre of wine, will be a great resource., t]
I I have some five, acres of the Vitis of
must combine and must beware of dem- vulia Of thiIlass, in my opinion.
agogues. "Eternal vigilance is the price we may plant witho.dt a doubt of their p
of liberty." That is a truth never success a:
more apparent than now. Public inter- All papers published for the benefit of ,ii
-1 .. ._. agricultural matters relating to Florida, tl
ests should not be entrusted to the men ags neisrel angt F d
do inore for the State than can be ap- er
who cn flatter best. Money should not preciated. They cast the bread upon ti
be spent in emulous display. Temper- the waters,-: and guide many from the e-
ance, in its specific sense and in all shoals of speculation and doubt. h
h. SANDERS NECK. t
things, should be encouraged. Home OCALA, FLA.. May 19, 1887. k
production of all necessities, must be .- w
practiced. With combined, honest and ra^- e o Drain ag.
.... ukeecno'ee oDrainage. w
earnest effort, aided by the resources of
science and mechanical ingenuity, the Edft Fo ,tu Farmer and 1'uit-Grower: ft
11'r_-4A" -* -_,- The reent reponrt oftbte .tatA Commis-
condition of American farmers ought to T-'e -'e r.'-orr of the Stat Commis- tt
improve despite India's millions and the on the eecoee range, t
improe aepi~e nams'mnons naturalow that one of the State's greatest
syndicates mi!'ions. ". natural resources is not being developed s
in a manner consistent with its im- -i,
Agriculture as a Science. portance and value. i s
STeetf ctras a profess .- The repo-ed level of Okeechobee is 32 2
The beautyv o arcte ao ts ue feet bo-ve tide water. If this be true, it
sion is its vrd characterand its close wil- pei mit. the cutting of a canal 10 feet
contact with nature, says Pror. wignt- deep at the lake, and a, single grade of 12
man. AgicltUireisa born scieno.It feetfrom -the lake to tidewater'will give R
is full of botany, and zoology, and geol- a. ocmret -.in te aa;' 9 mile an. hur
ogy, and entomology. It is fu of chem- T w
istry, from the dead brown soil to the .. aage areafrom the southern w
plant, the ripening seed and the e fn (f kee.lohee to the northern limit, hs
growing pa, erpnnsesn noe rt of 2i i." e 'i 16 townships re
animal life which is the.eventual and the anlurlnaon na
crowning outcome. There is no more -ad during the rainy season in this re- la
varied u-r'-uit in exi-t-ece, and most gin" the average rainfall i excess of as
c~thes appear very narrow in'their scope evaporation, discharges into the south- fo
PP"n w~r- i .'coemer Everglades each 24 hours a volume as
in ar w of water equal to 1 inch in depth over fo
.: the entire area, to carry which requires, st,
Our smartest fruit growers are begin- at a current of 9 miles an hour, a canal St
ning to see more money ahead in careful 1 200' feet wide and 10 feet deep. th
picking, packing and handling of the As it- is impracticable to cut a canal at
crop than in spreading the limit of their of that width, it will require 20 canals if
present acreage.-Rural Californian. I 60 -feet wide and 10 feet deep, cut on th
-. 1' ."-: ." i : : "


'-'V.


a grade of 12 feet from the lake to tide
water. -
An analysis of the vegetable deposits
of this region with their underlying beds
of marl, shows their intrinsic value in
plain figures to be from $100 to $1,000
per acre.
If Mr. H. Disston and his colleagues
have not the foresight, nerve, backing
and engineering skill necessary to con-
quer this unsurpassable region, let them
stand aside and give place to the capi-
tal of the country, which is ever ready to
embark in guaranteed paying enter-
prises.
The youth of to-day will live to see
that vast terra incognita, the Everglades,
cut up by steam dredges into islands, on
whose surface steam engines using cable
worked plows, cultivators and gathering
devices, will produce crops of sugar cane
that will astonish the world, to say
nothing about bananas, potatoes, corn,
cabbage, etc., and every foot of that
vast region above storm tide will yield
its great fertility to support the human
family.
EXPERT.

A Sound Railroad Policy.
In a letter written from Lakeland to
the New York Journal of Commerce, the
author says: "The freight charges on
fertilizers make 'farming in South Flor-
ida more costly than it is in New En-
gland." This may be an exaggeration,
but if it is even measurably true, it is
difficult to conceive how the railroads
could adopt a more mistaken policy.
We have had frequent complaints to
the same effect from different parts of
the State. The most earnest of them
come from South Florida, in some por-
tions of which the fertilizer question is a
vital one, and the high freight tariffs
have proved to be a serious obstacle in
the way of agricultural and horticultural
development. .,.
The principal railroad companies lead-
ing out of the great cities .of England
several years ago determined to foster
and aid in developing the agricultural
interests of the country along their lines.
They adop'ed the liberal policy of haul
ing fertilizers intended to be applied to
the land free of charge. The farm and
garden interests which had been lan-
guishing for years, at once acquired new
life. What had been bare fields began to
be green, the products of the soil were
doubled and redoubled in quantity, and
the direct net receipts of the railroads
from freights on the products of the
farms and gardens were increased four-
fold. The indirect and ultimate bene-
ficial results of the adoption of this pol-
icy would be impossible to calculate.
Suffice it-to say that no reasonable con-
sideration would now induce these rail-
way companies to re-establish 'the
freight tariffs on fertilizers. Some of the
continental, railways have adopted a
similarr policy, and where fertilizers are
not hauled free of charge the rates are
merely nominal. We are informi-d that
.omeoft.the progressive Northern and
WVesterq roads have re'-p.ntly iuaiugu-
atedl this policy, arid prop6rtionally ben-
eficial results are looked t'( r.
We do not doubt that it would pay our
Florida railroads "in the long run" to
idopt this plan.. It would undoubtedly
contribute- to the wonderful develop-
nent of many parts of our State that
are now almost as much isolated from
their sources of demand and supply as
they were -,before the railroads were
built. There could at least be no mis-
ake in the fixing of the freight rates on
ertilizers of all'kinds at -a figure just
above the actual cost of transportation.
A car load of fertilizing matter will
almost invariably secure a return of sev-
ral car loads of produce that will pay
higher rates of freight, and tend to the
permanent upbuilding of. the country
ributary to the lines of road.
We believe this subject is worthy of
arnest and thoughtful consideration.

Bonanza Farmers.
An exchange says: "An English comn- t
any, with a capital of 1,800,000, $6,-
00,000, has arranged to work ten farms
f 10,000 acres each, scattered along the
!anadian Pacific road. Thoroughbred
stock will be brought over from En-
land."
'From appearances, capital and'ma- t
winery and a few skilled laborers are
estined to take possession of the world t
nd run it. Capital, has taken posses- I
ion of the manufacturing industries of r
he world and is fast getting possession I
A the best lands. Capitalists owning c
onanza farms of thousands of acres em- N
loy the most skillful laborers, the last t
nd best improvements in agricultural N
faplements, make steam do the labor c
hat was formerly done by farm labor- I
rs, have the best of teams, run their es- c
iblishme its on principles of the closest d
!onomy, take advantage of the markets, r
ave.their books kept as accurately as
hose of large dry goods merchants, and
now exactly what they are doing and t
'hat they can do. How can poor, igno- l1
ant farmers and- mechanics compete t
'ith such men? How can the small lI
irmer or small manufacturer pay 15 to
0 per cent. for the use of money, while e
ie monopolists with whomhe has to con- d
snd can get all the money'they want at u
or 6 per cent.? Are not the big fish
1st'devouring the little ones in all civ-
ized and enlightened countries? What d
to become of the army of laborers h
ot needed by factories and bonanza
rrmers? '
d
regulating Capital and Labor. o
There has long been a monopoly of o;
health, and in these latter days there si
is grown up a monopoly of labor. To si
gulate this question of capital and c
bor, we must begin at both ends, and si
the gentlemen who want the earth
r, nothing are in "jail at Cnicago, and si
i the other crowd? that want to buy it b
r a song and pay for it' in watered ei
ock, are being regulated by the Inter- ci
ate Commission1 we have some hopes ft
at ultimately things will turn out xai
tout: right. In the sweet by and by,
we read aright the signs of the times, d
e "weather will be very sultry not only


for the loafer who thinks the world owes -.
him a living, but as well for the gilded
anarchist who rides about in palace cars
and boasts that it is. cheaper to buy a
legislature than'to elect it.-Texas Stock-
man.

SPolitics in Farmers' Clubs.
We need to abolish the entire system
of caucuses, cliques, nominating com-
mittees, rings, etc., in-all our agricultu-
ral organizations. Let these societies be
run by the farmers themselves, and not
by -any select few. When .thii is done
there will be less complaint of the failure
of these organizations to perform.,tbeir
duties, because all the members willtake
a more active interest in the work fior
which they were established. And any,
person who opposes the introduction of
the fair and square system of manage-
ment which we have suggested; may be
put down as' a man who wants to .run
things himself to the exclusion of others.
-Farm and Home.
So long as farmers 'have greater at-
tachment to their political parties than
to organizations that seek advancement
of agriculture, they may count on bte-
ing used as servants to promote the in- ,-,
terestsof political leaders and tricksters,
who care no more for them than for the
stumps in the fields, except as their votes -
are useful in party schemes.-Exchange.

Hints to Correspondents.
The readers of the 'FLORIDA FARMER:
AND FRUIT-GROWER are respectfully in-
vited to contribute to its columns articles "
and notes on all subjects pertaining to
the farm, garden, orchard and house-
hold affairs. The range of topics which
will be discussed in this journal may be
gathered fAom the subjoined table, which
may serve to suggest what might other-,
wise escape attention: ,
FARM MANAGEMENT.
Clearing land, draining land, crops for
new land, succession of crops, intensive
farming, treatment of different soils, '
resting land, soiling vs. pasturing, cow-
penning, green manuring.
DOMESTIC ANIMALS. .
Horses, mules, cattle, hogs, sheep,
poultry-Breeds,- feed, diseases, treat-
,ment.
S SPECIAL FERTILIZERS.
Cotton seed, cotton seed meal, barn-
yard manure, guano, ground bone, su-
per-phosphate, gypsum, lime, kainit,
ashes, marl, muck, leaf mould, coin-
posts.
FORAGE CROPS.
Bermuda grass, crab grass, Para grass.
Guinea grass, Terrell grass, orchard
grass, red-top grass, Johnson grass, Texas
blue grass, pearl millet, German millet,
millo maize, kaffir corn; teosinte, sorg- r
hum, fodder corn, cow peas, desmodi- -
um, Mexican clover, lespedeza, alfalfa,
melilotus. : .
S STAPLE CROPS. -,-;
Peach, "pear, fig, persimmon. Japan i,
plum, Kelsey plum, native plum, mul n .
ber-y, quince, apricot.-.guava, :banana;.?.,
pineapple sapodilla. .mango. avocada,
pear. cocoanut, pecan. English walnut,
almond, pomegranate. olive, grape'
strawberry, blackberry, raspberry-Va-
rieties, their characteristics, effects of
soil, weather, etc., best methods of
culture. -
Corn, oats, rye, wheat-Varieties,
yield per acre, soil and season, diflicul-
ties encountered, general treatment. -
Cotton- -Lcong and .qort Staple-Plant-
ing and culture, marketing crop, man-
agement .of seed, products from the
seed. -
Sugar Cane and Sorghum-Varieties,
culture, making syrup and sugar, condi-
tion of market. ,
-.Tobacco-Varieties, history in Florida,
recent experiences, seed, culture manu-
'acture.
FRUITS.
Citrus Fruits-Comparison of varie
;ies, hardiness and productiveness, meth-
ods of propagation, methods of planting
and culture, comparative effects of fer-
tilizers, marketing of fruit, preservation
of fruit wine and other products..
:NSECT ENEMIES AND FUNGOID DISEASES.
Nature of damage done and remedies.
MISCELLANEOUS SUBJECTS.
Bees and bee plants, silk culture and
the,mulberry, hunting and fishing, dogs
mand dog laws, fences and roads, legisla-
ion for farmers, homestead laws, trans-
)p6brtation, marketing produce, experi-
mental farms, agricultural education,
home manufactures, natural history
of Florida, historic points,, sanitary ad-
vice, farm buildings, house furnishing,
farm machinery, farm implements,
water supply, cooling appliances re-
cipes for cooking, home decorations,.
household economy, mineral and earths,
climatology, hints on the care of chil-.
Iren, on dress, habits, reading, amuse-
aents, etc.
NATIVE TREES AND HERDS.
Planting trees for ornament or utility,
he burning over- of forest lands, the
amber and turpentine industries, the
anning industry, phenomena of plant
ife, weeds and noxious plants. -
N.- B.-Speoimens may be sendt*to the
ditor for identification. "Information is
esired respecting popular names and
sesA -
FLOWER GARDEN.
Plants adapted to this climate, out-
oor culture, management, of green-
ouse. .
We do riot desire letters written mere-
f in praise of special localities unless
laims to favor are based on the products .
r productiveness of the soil. Articles
f an animated or vivacious style are de-
irable by way of variety, but" practical
statements and descriptions should be
oncise and as much to the point as pos-
ible. -
In treating of the above and related
objects, practical experience is much to
e preferred to theoretical knowl,
ige; yet there are topics needing dis-
ussion which have to be treated of ;
rom a somewhat 'theoretical stand-
oint.
All communications for the editorial.
department should be addressed to
EDITOR FAJluR AND FRUIT-GROWUI


:'"




C. k.~


FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, JUNE 1, 1887. 173-

Squotaof snow, ice, slush and coal dust, half an hour. This makes an excellent I gently stroked the soft little thing IS THERE ANY HOPE?.
S[ir Wimg v ft.i make it harder to keep the home neat and much approved pie. and made reply: -
A well-to-do family, more than able to Small green tomatoes, S pounds, pierce r ame, wy a ou know it, and it Pulmo nary Experts. Suid to heo andmaeof
HELE HARCOUT.Editor retain several servants in their employ, each with a fork: sugar, 7 pounds; lem- r all around, we will just tack an it th l da
yet the mistress preferred but one, and, ons. 4, juice only; ginger and mace, I endto it and then it will be all right. Florida,
Whwih o bel ind and a e r a d call; dmet ne ea t uelhe ,ce mixed. Heat all together slowly, Y ame hall be Jacqueline, and vwe AN TEI-,' NTVER,3L. CONST T-ON BE r:wanfo"ar a
With words of good t ounsel for old friends a bancall;r n ame d t1 from ED? momenr and for S at
o new, and never laid one atom of u ary from he kele in perforated summer, After that dating from the moment Dr. Borgeon, a Iding French octorD U
Who come tous seeking the best way to do. work upon her shoulders; on the con- and spread upon dishes to cool. Boil ,hen she ran and threw herself in my has a new treatment for consumption
All questions of general interest will be trary, they assisted her in every possible the syrup thick. Put the fru it into jars, and, the "ugly little duck" felt no fur- He gives an enema of carbonic acid NURSERIES.
answered throughthesecolumns. way, and that, too, without any evi- and cover with hot syrup. ther fear of lme. but she was noless fear- and sulphuretted hydrogen gases, the Near TALLAHASSEE, Fla..
Personal inquiries'will be answered by mall dence of effort upon their part, or con- TMATO ONE ful f others than before. later gas carrying the rmer into M
-when accompanied by stamp for reply. sciousness that they merited the name of TOMATO COrSER% E. away under every parhttan E. DUBOIS, Manager.
Subscribers are cordially invited to take a h at m e Tof TO AT Cond st VoE f o 0 h s a b r
-exerences and recipes of mutual eft. The husband -was an affectionate, pounds of sugar, two ounces each of stud, runningut to me sometime Thisects-the caustreatment, remaver, is ected Snd fr Catgueundis-a order earth Send, also,
lpyeoneanothern t ou thoughtful gentleman; and he set the ground cloves and cinnamon, and one he I as working among myseed- at effects-the cause rei ains undis- ri a
i y tone another. W lines "
must be brief, clearly written, and only on example of teaching his sons that true quart vinegar. Cook four hours, then lings near by. but darting awvay like a turbed. ri'i ,n'
-one side of the pa er. manliness consisted in lessening the toil drain, and- spread out .to dry; roll in frightened deerif she saw or heard any- What this cause is has been stated by l i a W i s.
All matter re eating to this department of the dear mother who made home so granulated sugar,. aid when about as one else. at desk in the world, i epulmonthe Brompton
should ITOR OUR HO IRaddressedto cosy and comfortable, rather than in- dry as figs (dry in the sun or an evapo- Then, when I was sitting at n deski i e o, e the Brompton po P y l, ll.
SFrmeO ut-Grower, creasing it. And here is one of the very rator), pack away in small jars or boxes. ,peh ben eep out, and sit ng Eggs For Hatching From Leading va-
Mto T Epen, she began to creep out, and sit *on Eng Eggs For Hatching From Leading Vat-
-Montclair, kla. first points for our busy housekeepers to OATMEA. the steps, tr on the porch, where she This mnlady every year carries off rieties of Domesticated Land
look after: watch those of the household We hope our readers will not fail to could see me; any noise orsudden move- from one-seventh to one-fifth of the en- an Water Fowl.
W Co orner who make unnecessary workforher and tr this reall wo naie orn sde e e a tirn- op oae rFogwl.
our Cosy Corner. i e ln ee t e try this recipe, as all who have done so Il ent would cause her to disappear e ,ti' population of Englari ., Lo- -an r Fol
Sthey will not give heed, let her keep are enthusiastic in its praise, and regard D r. Payne, M. D., M. R. C. P., -Lon- $ 1
MAKING THE BEST OF IT. a little bok, always ready in her pocket, it asbread par excellence: One cup of .Y -door was held -open by te, i A nre ugbI Za Y s.
(Cotinued.) anexactrecordofthettlesinsof oatmeal cooked into thick "ush." round assock, or footstool, and one The sme or greater proportion of a ..
n dealing with our present subject, l them eadahe When cool enough, add half 'a cupful of day, while writing, I heard a queer sort deaths obtained in America.
we do not for one moment wish it to be a week of how many steps:aud how a, butter, the size of a walnut, an of noise, and looking up there was Jack, Dr. Payne also saysne-alB es an
.understood that we imply any. extra many hours of extra work their individ- alittlesaltstir in allthe flour i w ho, for the st time, had mustered up total number o deaths from all other fle
hardships as connected with the life of ual carelessness has cost her, whose life take. Let it rise till a light sponge; sir- courage to come inside the study, and -6auses have seeds of this disease in
the Florida housekeeper over and beyond is passing in their service. Force them in more flou to form a very stiff dough; was sitting on the hassock, looking "as the system which only requires some ir- Orders will be booked now for delivery dur-
those Floncidhousekeepalto all-new countries, to stop and think of it; there are some. i o bake n let it rise very light solemn as a although her tiny ritant to develop. Ing April, Mayor June. of my superior race
those incidentalto all newcountries in every household who need such put owa e paour ,r paws were busy with the tab that was r., Herman Brehmer,- an eminent orpure
where any of the common comforts thought, and our word for it, the retro- slowly one our. used to lit up the hassock. German authority, says that consump-
,that used to be every day matters, are thought, and our word for it, the Pretro OTTO LL After that the hassock came to be her tion is caused by deaicint c o f su
missing, and where, owing to the natural aspect will result in good not only to the POTATO .OLLS. il is taat th aso cieamto nutrition of
missing, and where, owing t the natural tired worker-in-chief; but.to her husband, Two pounds of flour, a quarter of a favorite playground. when I was at my the lungs by poor blood.
scarcity of competent help the house- brother and children. pound of butter or good lard, four pota- desk, and many and many a fine time These authorities can not be disputed.
mothkeeper, cook, housemaid and laundress This is one way to make the best of it, toes, one.egg, and a teacupful of yeast. did.she have, lying on her side on the medical world recognizes them. The Q b mai a spealt
mother, cook, housemaid and laundress and a ver important one, too. Think it Rub the butter and flour together; add floor, spinning the hasock round and uric acid is the irritant in the blood thatby ma a specialty.
On the contrary, given the same con- over and see if it is not. the polatoes-which must be boiled and round, and jumping over and over it. causes the development of the seeds Give me a triai order.
editions andcrcumstances, life in Florida To be Continued.I finely mast.ed-the eggs well beaten, But all this time she was still as fear- whieh Dr. Brehmer says lie dormant in For pricesor other Inormation, address
dieions andlercustances, lie in h ia and a little salt. Mix the whole with ful as ever of every one but myself, the blood.
presents far les care hat could be Answers tipso Corresponhandents milk and a teacupful of good yeast. One day she ventured across the study Every particle of blood which passes
in any other new State that could be Answers to orrespondens.When light, roll it out as lightly 'as and into the adjoining room. the one I through the lungs and heart also goes H. C. HART,
named, because here, and only here,
there is no long, ccld. blustering winter F. B. C., Morrisburg, Ontario, Canada, possible cut it into cakes about half an have told you of, where "Peek's win- through the kidneys, and if they are in
to be faced every few monthly blustering with all writes : I am greatly pleaded to read inch thick, and bake them in a moder- dow" is. Here Jack suddenly spied the least deranged they cannot rid the Eusis, Orange Co., Fla
that it involves of cleaning. "clearing the advance sheets in Home Department ately hot oven. soBething dreadful, a big biped silting blood of its killing poison. The thou- OT- .
uhat it involves of cleand ing. cole fearing of the FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUiT- FRINOE FOR LAMBREQUINS. in a chair. sand little hair-like sewer tubes of the No
up," and preparing house and people for GR of your now book. Home Life A very pretty fringe for edging lam That was quite enough for poor little kidney very easily get blocked up and -
The worst feature that the average in Florida" It isagood defenseagainst brequin ohecretonnedecoration Ja k She was tooterrified to find her diseased; and when they do. they cor- TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN:
housekeeper finds to deal with is. more Florida's alugoiaeowere in the midst of can be made by raveling strips ofcoarse way shback through the door, around theina rupt instead of purifying the blood. aer e fr publTcaon of M hiN
work than she has been accustomed Six weeks ago we were in the midst of y and at short intervals sewing way she tore around and around in a Kidney disease may exist and yet no ty days after the firt pubcaton of thi
rform with her own hd and ice and snow, and an ice gorge in the St. and of lo A head- circle, digging her claws into the mat- i noticeaplI.cat ion will be made to the Legis-
pero wiiernonnan. aLw ne, Riv er nowv te and insirred worsted.'A tiead i h igidg hw pain occur in that organ, because it is Iatureo lorida, for tbepassageof a charter
ally, not enougwith strength to carry su- Lawrence River: now, yesterday and na o tting ina laher wild light, was 'wonderful; deficient in nerves of sensation. of the Florida FrutlL change," whereby
though with ; but strength to carry ouse- to-dy, the thermometer in the -hade ing mae s d turning r ce itwas a large room. and I really think Dip your finger in acid every day, and the capital stoei may be increased to a sum
through with it; but set thise same ehouse- o registers 9 degrees, and we are swelter- the wrong side, leaving a plain piece he made the circuit ofi at lreatetwn P f er n and en Fdet Thousand Dollars; the par
Smewhere out West f g half an inch wide, which is covered with.o it at least twenty soon it o festers and is destroyed. Send gae han ud Dr One a
instance, under the same conditions ing I wish we h d some o f your For coarse erring one stitch, in crewel or and went in there to the rescue. an they soon ive way. low the corporation to purchase and convey
financialyand physically, and shewould Home Life in Florida" returned by wool. The moment I appeared, poor Jack Te Brompton Hospital investigate suc real and personal property as may be
find her work far more heavy than in mail of May 19. To this and several FOR THOROUGLY CLEANSING THE HAIR rushed to me. leaped into my lap, and peceeemed necessary to ts usefulnes, Includ-
The business of a housekeeper is an other correspondents who have made in- In a pint bottle put a spoonful of olive tljied to burrow her way out of sight. of consumption were afflicted with de- erect buildings for storage of produce, and
arduThe bus one at the best, of a houeeeperpily, qury for Home Life in Florida," we oil, and add two ounces of best spirits of trembling like an aspen leaf. ranged kidneys,. which permitted the uchmaterialas may emu to fruit grow-e a.
arduous one at the best, an h apily reply that the work is now in the hands ammonia or hartshorn: shake: then mix I stroked and soothed her, and car- uric acid poison to remain in the blood er and gardeners, and generailyrto transact
the chief beneficiaries oby her unceasireng of the publishers of Florida Fruits," with three ounces of alcohol, and when rifd her with me into the study, where and irritate the lungs. This uric acid is such business as may be for the interest of
the chef bened toi.caes of herk unceass- and will be issued early in the fall. It thoroughly mixed fill the bottle with she grew quiet again, always fighting every vital organ, and if mem an i rs nnected with fruit
care and toil. Let us remark, in pass- will be a companion volume to the lat- soft water. Remember to put in the Looking at Jack now, three years there be any inherent weakness in the oher'rpoand kprvildges asmay abef seemed
g hardest phases of the whole brden y ter, and will contain original illustra- order named, or you will have "stuff," later, we often laugh to think of that lungs it inevitably causes pneumonia, necessary andproper.
It is humanses of the to like one's works tions. and no chemical union at all. To apply wild race around the room at the first cugh and consumption. R. FARBANS,
It i human nappreciature; a to ired horse, if C. F. .. New York City: "Have take a spoonful or two of this with a sight of one with whom she is now very The real cause of pulmonary troubles D. ORHENLEAF,
kindlyto be appreciated; a patted, will pull taken the FLORIDA FARMERND FRUIr- little warm water; dip a sponge or rag friendly being so authoritatively shown to be M. J. DOYLE
kindly spoken to and vigor antte d will pu ROWER since April, and liked it so in and wet the scalp thoroughly, now It wags fully four months before little faulty even through unsuspected action i. OgL
forward withe renewedith the h n much that I sent to the editor for all the rinse off in plenty of.f-warm water, and Jack grew sufficiently accustomed to the of the kidneys, explains why, in order WM E' .rNTO-, -
workerand a few entle wordsof apprecia- back numbers, but did not get more than you will be surprised at the amount of restof the family to allow them to come to master the dreaded consumption, one ROB'T BULLOOK,
rion a fd regret will do more to brighten a third of them, but was thankful to dirt, though you may have thoughtyour near her, and even then she would not must rid the blood of the uric acid irri- B. M. B LAER,
Sae wa, ado ore the heavg get what I did." head perfectly clean. For the beads of lot them touch her. tant which inflames and burin up the o ar uDirectors,.ne .
birdn than.a fanyeareawared L : --v.T-e-F;heR-FAMR returns thanks for your voung iufants it is just the Jthing-s it "-t. wa curiousqto see, during all this lun-gEubhtance. For his purpose there is Jacksonvle.la..ebruaryi, 1887 _- -
Wedon't-niaam, however, the kind of good will and appreciation." Your inqi- instantly removes the dirty, *scu-rf ,wi e1h7ow ihe turned to me f-or.comlort noting ejual to that grat specific--- -------.-. ---- --_ .'
appreciation h ere outlinede, whicfi' no ties replied to by mail of the 19th of out pain or trouble. It should b6e rartie. n1d protection;.curious and touching rarneri's Safe Cure. t This remed-y has f A-Aa, HLS OROUG" OSNTY,
an imaginary case, either, be it.nider- May, with inclosure of seeds weaker for a babe than for an adult~. t 'do, and a more perfect illustration of now the favor of medical men all over T FLORIDA.
stood wesaw it, and we said nothing, TO TAKE STAINS OUT OF LINEN. power of dness I. T thewrld prel oitmerits. eeave akGneral Business and Real Estate Agency of
but we thought a great deal: The Davs Stains caused by acids can he '.d' moment she became frightened, she no doubt that ii the kidneys are kept in
but we thought a great deal: ust finisheThe Davis Fund. by wetting the part and laying removed made a d bee-line" form lap, and would natural action. consumption and great W. N. CONOLEY.
lay hseihas tfn ihdSasaueringon ph had in fm h and r unde ry m other di sea s esa se baric ai d
Sup the first installment of her daily work We thankfully acknowledge the re- m salt of wormwood; .en rub erl dassur hatu d w aotr e cued bu re a i I wla town lot, an orange grove, or
-had got the breakfast, cleared it away, ceipt.of $1 for the above chart pr- without diluting it with more water. Or,~trk i pe r ar will 'not only be cured but will be pre- id lands in this rapidly Imp roving section,
washed dishes, pots and pans, swept pose, from a subscriber on the East ce. fk ci o r..a e t
was s pt ad pnwttie up in the stained part some pearash, 'D-r ^ --e wee. to, we were,. t y vented. or tfyou bare is ..to b paId or property to
kitchen, dining-room and piazza. and Coast, whose request to withhold her then stiaie p some eoapar"" sh, Duringallthese weeks, too, we] were When the kidney is healthy no albu- be Improved, or money to be Invested, write
then had made the beds, cleared up the name we respect. Acknowledged by 'o e a d t slow ly awakening to the fact that our men appears in the water, ut albumen agency.
rooms, ds ih i ail of ay t nen till the stain disappears. ,ne me "gly lle dck" was de el- is found in the water of more than half Money can be placed on Real Erstate with a
e lmps_ and dten dping into a .ver .ith Margin on two-thirdsof values at 10
the lamps, and then sat down with her Recent stains of fruit maybe removed the softest nest fur-omjust like seal of those who die of consumption. and 1 pr co vaes at 10
sewing to draw a free breath before The Family Friend. by holding the linen tightly stretched in-thatI, or anyonest fur-just liever season This, then, is the condition of things and 2 CBE TO L g.
commencing the usual round of dinner- Well, here web and pouring hot water over a k.,-that 1, or anyone else, ever saw on that always precedes consumption: FaEE or CARE TO LENDha.
commenctting andthe uual round of dinner- stion again.ell, re we are back on the tomato over a tub and pouring b dot wer over -at, so thick and velvety, and shiny Firs, weakened kidneys: second, re- Ninety days to foreclose mortgage where ,
getting and clearing away. question again. This time we deal with the part. This may be done before any kat it was, and is, a pleasure to pass one's d d the blood. there isocontest.. Ill costsan torney's
Her husband, as strong and full of the more fancy sideof our most popular soap ha been applied to t. As soon as hand overit ad those ueer mixed up tied urc acd s a h provided for In mortgagee theWrite for
leisure, as she wasdelicate and full of vegetable: but fist, lest we forget w the stain is made on table linen, etc, .I, was ln b .T n. fh norlgstof prop-
work. came in from the shady porch, will here state that a good authority rub ou it common table salt before it very small, had broadened out and by the irritant acids passing ey for-aleW.N. ONOLEY,
book in hand. makes the assertion that "tomatoes pick- ha time to dry shape until they were real ly- Tampa,,Florld.. r
Tired, dear? I'm o.sorry : I wish Ied when just rpe and with a portion of damp till the cloth is washed, when the s until they were real cough in the morning; soon thick, yel- F NES-E oernoFlor -
could help you." te stems retained, and at once covered stain will disappear; or, wash the stain The odde of them all are twow matter is spitup, followed by loss First Nats-Eal BaovernTamprDrew,ackson-.
Then he went, through the ball, leaving with a brine composed of a teacup of lightly when the cloth is removed. black places under hereyes and running sweatesh and stren thwit ea John. Leley, Tampal
the door open, so that the wind strewed salt dissolved in a gallob of water. can REMEDY FOR BED-BUOS. up on their sides, giving her a very u in- sweats and w goes
the carpet with dead leaves for his wife be kept nearly all the'year without Get a bottle of the oil of cedar and fent expression; her breast is pure white, cod liver oil, which his stomach, weak- AITLAND NRSEKIE.
to sweep out again, and bringing out a noticeable loss of frelaness." with a brush paint the cords at the eye- and her head, legs and body, all daintily ended also by uric acid in the blood, can
grape fruit, sat down on the steps to Certainly it is well worth the trial. let holes and all the crevices in the bed- shaped, are adorned with black, dark not digest. Because there is no pain -
enjoy i great stick dran down the seeds joined ToATO FioS. stend, and after one or two applications nid light buff markings, even and dis- present; in the-kidneys the patient does
them, and finally the empty skin Small tomatoes-the yellow pear- housekeepers will -be delighted to find tinct. nor.think they are affected, but the kid- ALL VARIETIES OF
tossed on the grass plot in frbnt of the shaped." and --red pear-shaped." in par- that all the bugs have disappeared, and I To be ContiIned.) ney acid is doing its work every minute,
piazza. tic ular, make delicious figs, prepared in there is nothing dangerous or unpleas- every hour, day and night, and by-and- ORANGE AND LEMON TREES.
Then be went out to look at some the following manner: aut in the remedy. RE D. by the disease of the lungs has advanced
trees, and his poor wife rose with a sigh, Scald 'and remove the skins of toma- TO TAKE THE SHINE OFF WORN SILK. E until pus is developed; then come bem-
and bringing a pail of water, washed up toes, ripe. but not over ripe; then add Usespiritsofammonia or alcohol dilut- Place a large cupful of white sugar in orrhages, and at last the glassy stare
the steps, picked up the seeds and the one pound of- .white sugar for every ed with water, and applied wihh a a porcelain kettle wt three easpoon- which denotes that the end is near
skin, and then resumed her sewing, pound of fruit; place in a stone jar. and sponge. To renovate old black silk. use f ater, and let it dissolve at thd A post mortem examination of such Buds not placed on small. stocks, but on extra
mending for him a coat torn from sheer allow t to remain for twenty-our hours, thesame and press on the inside. toe. Then seti cases shows that the terrible uric acid has
carelessness. a Then pour off the syrup, and boil, skim- and allow it to boil until it will crisp in commenced destroying the substance of large and fine ones.
Directly the husband returned. The ming until clear. aReturn the syrup to Our Young Folks'wateorner. r. Stir in a teaspoonful of rose or the lungcure lung dease
wet sand-was-clinging to his feet, and a the fruit ihotl and let it, stand for Young Folks Orner. -nilla extract, and half a teaspoonful It is impossible to cure lung disease Wemake aspecialtyo the
mat lay at the door; he passed it by, another twenty-four hours; pour it off, JACK. o cream of tartar. Pour into buttered when the blood is poisoned with uric
left sandy footprints in the hall and boil and skim as before: return to the to- d.) pesand when cool work it until quite acid. EARLY SPANISH RAGE--
across, the bedroom to his bureau ; he matoes: after the third repetition of this C u ., wolte. -ut.ut in little squares and set
pulled the drawers open and left them process, the tomatoes are-ready to dlry. "Please, I'm a little girl'" t away to arn. (the earlier variety known),-
so, every one; then he changed hia after draining -them out. of the syrup. If That was what Jack told me the- very A SIMPLE .OLEAN HARP. FLORIDA FERTILIZING GO. T T
clothes and left the discarded ones you own an evaporator iand every first thing; she was honest, you see, and Make two wedges to fit the middle or T PAINE PS and
lying; some on the chairs, some on family ought to possess a small one of as soon as she got her. courage up to the lower crack of your window. Split the E. T. PANE REDENT VILLA FRANCA LBMON8,,. -
the bed, some on the floor, although the best manufacture. dry your figs in point of approaching me at all, she told fn or loweredge, about half an inch Florida Orange Food per ton............... d cashew treesor the latter that to t
his empty clothes hooks stared him in it; if not, lay them on earthen dishes, the truth. Perhaps she pitied my igno- in, so as to inert two welU matched silkper ton..............23.00 and can show trees of the latter that atoodthe
the face; next he came out in the hall, cover them with thin cheese-cloth and rance in bestowing a girl's name upon a reads, knotted to prevent their slip- Florida Vegetable Food per on......... 28.00 cold last winter as weU as he Orage,and
threw, open the book-case doors, again place them in the ait. When well dried, little boy. 'oou aig.s The mu sttn heat theeir An a.Bon Phospclate of wie, er N- a e Re Onge
-'left open thd-door of the hall, and not hard though, pack ihem in small Well,'Ifelt very "fiat" and ridiculous, pn The5' ms not NOW tAh e rls B h UPONh TaMe.. r
strewed the carpet with fallen leaves, wooden boxes, or small jars with fi-e you may be sure, fpr. I had always de- opush one furtherupthe slit than the ent.o Sulphate of Potash, 12 pe' cent.; .ag- NOWHAEFR.ITPO .....
and then departed to "goa-fishing," white sugar sprinkled between each cared that I did not like littlee gird their. Make dhe ie toreach across nesiab percent. LimeSoda and otberval-
leaving his too patient wife with a full layer. .cats," because they have such a high, the sihk will be stretched tight Then Ie
half hour of extra= work that he might They will keep indefinitely if locked opinion of tiny kittens themselves eery aing breeze END YOU Send for Catalogue. -
easily, havespared her. up. that they are always hunting up a half e v e pa s s b e e mk" mi E D
Wh3h did she not speak to him? She RIPE TOMATO PRESERVES. dozen or so to present to their owners w lob Prinpti h. ad, time and again, until she was weary -. Smallellow tomatoes ounds, eel by way of compliment, but it, is such. a .'The man who gets two blades of grass J 5 KDNEY & CA ,
"*- and hopeless" yet, he had what.isca~led ma'.yeow_ ...... .-....^ podp^'e.l troublesome compliment that. one would to grow where only one has grown is a TO THE TIMES-UNIION JOB ROOMS. P. Oo W0.itPa-rBa,T..
., a ".kind h'eatt," and he" was sdrrv and er:. sugar, .po'uu u..u of.3 lemonou.- much rather dispeuse with it, and as the ptiblic benefactor, unless it is nut. grass, ._ :.
w-. ished he could help.her,' buthewish Let the wish m stand tog ether over night; girl cats insist on keeping their own then he is a public nuisance. But it -,- ---r r -"
was hot deep nor eaafnest enough to lead dra. of syrup and o skm well optmon and acting on ibwhy I always must not be overlooked that the men .L. .X. "D n-
,-. him to realize how very-often, daily, in then put in the tomatoes and boil gently said, "Dont let us keep the girl cats." who get even one blade of good grass to.... T. V- "
: truth',hiA own eaielessnessand heedless- twenty minutes. Take out fruit w tb a -. And now here had I,-eyen I, been tak- groww where none has grown, or who get NEW YORK & FLORIDA STEAA.SHIP kINE.-,, .
;. .ness entailed'unincessary .work upon skmmer,. sr o dises. Boi ^ hTJP ing the utmost pains for several weeks the grass to grow easier than has been TRI WEEKLY SERVICBE BETWEEN ""'"
S her. t -d y o otwn tl fot theckefs, a thg jusi etr to-coax and inspireaconnidenceand affecr- its custom,are no slouches. The slouches 4. '-. "
S hee thiunggare frequently seen, and h le m rm s he re uin j ae tion in one of .these very dreaded **girl. arethe fellows who let grass growwhere -NEx YO'R FERNANDINA 'AND "J.ACK'SOVIL : '- -
w .ere the.carelesuess is pointed outp wth ot syrup. When cold, seal ts." That was not all, either; I ha It ought not to.-Macon Telegraph. -
Sthey can no longer tbet excused on the they up named her Jack. -. .. SteanersareappoinLtedtosautromPier 2,E. R.' e.sda'- .'
.. poor core .of. houghtles aess;". they T"- P W a was Igoing to do about -it .r ..Th.ere are said h 'nne 6,n000,000 miles of andSatr tl3'8pm. --.. : *.- --.r .-e- n... .: .-'. -.
:'-.re,iown,'and Their continuance cPnaI TOMATO PES. .- easeI'm a little girl,'t purred Jack,, -f.e in.. the UnitedSt^ates'andthat teO RAONL-DOrLBOA.a(ne.a~ d --OAev e T
..arisepnlyfrom uhterslfishihese.., Take iipe tomatoes, pee.a slice., nestling her soft warm self intQ..my, ,00 ad. -0 .., .0.ndty hveAd.
s. -- site o this a father, mother and. three stand. a ew minutes; pour off the jtuice, -lying there in such an utter- abandon-- .e t- fy en years .. the oastwis service. .Forirterntrormiatbiatapply to .'bt.i ":A.reZA.^_
on,, notminFlorida, .these but. ai.. a and add sugar, half acup ofr cream, one ment of the fear that had hitherto:h.eld *. .LARENC AGNERS. .
..o.... t ome e. ar. a ativee was only.. oe thimnglobI oosubaer- .a.. ._ ... .O-daae. -. .EG-R -f A .....err


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FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. JUNE 1, 1887.


Inquirias concerning diseases of domestic
Inimals may be a addresed to Dr. D. 0. Lyon
..acksonville, Florida, who will answer them
through this column.

Sanded Horses.
Editor Florida Farmer and .Yzt-Grower.
I had, not heard of "sanded horses"
before I came to this State. If it does
not occur at the North it may be be-
cause horsesthere are seldom turned
loose except in sodded pastures. Here
they are often allowed to run in the
roads, and in this way they cat more ior
less sand. They will pull up a sod ,if
grass and eat roots, sand and all. Some
think it a great saving to turn their
horses out to grass, but it did not prove
so in a case at this place.
The horse was a large, noble animal.
gentle and kind, worth in the neighbor-
hood of two hundred dollars. Mr. 0 -
had owned him for over two years, and
all that time he had been allowed to
graze along the roads when not in use.
He.was given but little grain, or at any
rate not what horses usually get, still he
seemed to keep ini good order, and none
wouldhave suspected that aught was
the matter with him until about six
months ago, when he seemed to get
tired very easily, and needed much
urging on the road. A short time ago a
boy drove him ten miles, and he came
home with all the appearance of a sick
horse. His bowels were extended, be
would lie down and roll, then get tiup
arid walk. Oil was given him and
every effort made to move his bowels,
but in vain. He lived that night andi
the next, and seeded to be in great agorny
most of the time. The next day he
died.
He was cut open. and it was then
seen that no power could have saved
him. He was full of sand-stomach,
paunch and intestines were loaded with
it. Some of it was in liard cakes where
it had balled up, and some was soft and
moist. The hard journey he had with
thie boy hurried him to his end, but it
would have been soon even if he had
not been used. Yet much torture
might have been spared him if one
could have known his condition, which
was of course impossible.
It is said that if horses have their
regular grain it will "work off"thesand.
but our opinion is that no mineral mat-
Ver will "wvash off." It lodges in the ss-
tem, and remains there. Calomel do'-
tors should sear this iha mind, and bp
sparing of whliat they put int-,i the body
that is likely to remain there.
The moral of this is, keep your horses.
in the stable when not in use. The ma-
nure, if they are properly bedded,will go
far towards helping to keep them. And
then, if they are sick, you can be sure it
is not sand. Cows graze all over the
woods, and we have yet to hear of a
ease where one was "sanded." They
eat the wire gras., andt very closely too
when it is -young and tender, but are
not.as apt to pull it up by the roots, as
thd .horse, does. If a horse is worth
keeping at all he is worth being well
cared for. We have seen owners leave
scratches on their horses' legs until they
became had sores, when, if they were
well washed with soar; suls, and then
with brine or salt and water few times,
they would be all right. ,
One'would do well to keep some good
condition powders on hand, so as to
have it in readiness, should the horse
be "off his feed." which is the case now
and then. The following is as
good as can begot, and perhaps the best:
Ground ginger, sulphate tof antimony.
powered sulphur. saltpeter, o:f each one
pound; mix and put two tablespoonfuls
in the morning feed, which should be
ground or cut. AROQU.

Ticks on Cattle.
i"oal oil and salt, well rulibed min, will
make ticks let go. It should be well
rubbed in, and then repeated in about a
week. Pork rind, with a -little salt -,n
-the meat side well rubbe-d on ticks, dis-
turbs them pretty severely. A little car-
bolic acid w ith strong s.iapsuds to make
the two combine well and make carbolic
soap, will disgust ticks or lice with the
locality where the cattle teed. Some
say that coal o.il must be tempered with
soap suds: that it is too) strong, and will
take the hair off in applying it to a cow.
We have applied it several times and
have never seen such results. It will
not take the hair from a man's head,
when applied as a liniment for head
complaints, and coal oil and salt wel
rubbed in, and frequently, is good for
rheumatism. It certainly will not in-
jure a cow or hog, and will kill lice and
: ticks. We have trie4 it much stronger
* than that on hogs.-Times-Democrat.

Varnish for Scratches.
Varnish for scratches in horses is re
commended by a correspondent. He
says that by washing the diseased parts
thoroughly with warm suds. and apply
Sing a. coat of coach varnish, a speedy
-- cure is affected.-N.-C. Farmer.

v .--- Cows at Calving Time.
^'. '-A correspondent of a New Englan:
"- -: -paper says: The most critical time witi
''... a cow is about calving time, and th<
'.--.. better th'e cow, and the higher her condi
t-i.o:- -lien-the-more danger. She should bi
ke'-' kept in a. boxr stall with clean bedding
'.:-' -. good nutritious f6od, not much grain 'ol
;---,. '. about. two weeks before she. is due ti
c- -':-- calve,. and _her bag kept soft and frei
f=:--::- :from' inflammtiion by. frequent milking
'-. -- -.I-.c nsid r--t-e neglecr" 6f this tbn primi
..._^:-/ := cause of milk fevzer. The safest cow i,
i-:.- -- theone that does nob go-dry at all. Al-
tr.'---. a -tercalving a cow. that gives-a large flor
of milk should, be. milked three_ tinmest
a- ayj.'Tnid ha','-'a little' Extra feed. "
have.-6,*h'-..v.alUiable,-co.wos to .be utterly2
ulned.bY-mllk'ing:earlyin the_ mor'nih[
aidJettingt.-ij go- till )gLue at _night
,- ".0Qd-Erdess ltnsced meal i"i best to fee(
--"f .week,before6.and t-o'oFthree week
: .fter,'ca vi_ -.


iaimolti .and


-W.. H. PIIL--OW,


BAD POINTS IN HORSES. al
al
Rules Prescribed in the British se
Cavalry Service. r
Rules are given for the guidance of i
those who select horses for use of t Ie l
cavalry in the British army, and quite a ,P
number of these are applicable in choos- T
ing a horse for any kind cf work. They T
are as follows: r,
1. Size. -Four-vear-olds. i. e. three a.
off after Otober 1st, should not Lie less ti
than 15 hands k inch nor exceed 15.1l- for re
light cavalry.
For medium, they should not be less
than 15.1 nor over 15.s. at
For heavr cavalry not less than 15.? go
nor over 1.7.3.. a
N. B.-In measuring a hore cor judg-
ing of his height arnd sze bLy eight. N
take care that he stands on a l.vel
with yourself. LiDealei generally staud a sL
horse. if undersiz,: ou higher ground. ,r n
if over size, on lower ground than the ,c,I
intending pur baser. d
2. Want of a fair amount of breed- ti
ing should be an absolute bar. W
3. Reject a horse with a big coarse n
head. a
4. Reject a horse with a small sunken
eye. They are generally obstinate and c
sulky, u
5. Reject a htr-e of a col,:, light of a
the soirt. a
6. Reject a horse with-i a long slack en
back. It will not carry weight, .
7. Reject a horse with a hollow b.ick. )
The formation is w'eak."
8. Reject a horse with fiat side. They w
will not do work or look well.
9. Reject a horse with a slack loint,
i. e., undue length between the last rib-
and hind quarters isacrumi. They are 51
often had feeders, and will run up light n
with work. n
10). Reject a horse with a eight loin, t.
i.e.,want ol breadth over the loins. They p
run up light with work. ti
11. Reject a horse with scraggy hips.
They never do credit to feeding particu- ..
larly if also slack in the loins. a
12. Reject a horse with a had girth, tv
i. e "li.ht through the heart." This for- r
matrlon will always cause trouble in sad- w
dling. t
13. Reject a horse with a thick or h
short neck.
14. Reject a horse unless it has a good t
rein. With a clumsy neck the head is b
in consequence badly,.set on. Without a
a good rein a horse will never break w
well. k
15. Reject a horse with very lowv i,
withers. The saddle will be apt to work u
forwards, anid the rein will probably be c
deficient and the leverage for the mus- t
cles of tlhe forehand is defective, y
16. Reject a horse if very short.
There is not roornm enough for the kit.
N. B.-To see the above point, k1-16)
stand on the side and form your opinion
before the horse moves off.
1';. Reject a hoise with a -arrow or s
shallow chest. There is not sufficient 1
capacity for th, lungs. i
1I. Reject a horsn- with forelegs very t
close together. This and the former c
defect generally go, together. To see I
thbse points stand in front. a
19. Reject a horse whose forelegs are a
not straight. They w-ll not. stand wear F
Stand behind the hotse as he walks a
away front you. and you will be able to
notice these defects if they exi-t. t
20. Reject a horse which is light be- a
low the knee, especially if immediately [
below-the knee. The conformation [
essentially weak.
'21. Reject a horse with long, or with
short or upright pasterns. Long
patisterns are subjectt to iprains. Short i
or upright pasterus make a horse un-
pleasant to rid-, and on arcount of ex-
tra concussion are apt to cause ossific de- N
posits.
22. Reject a horse with toes turned
in or out. The tw-ist generally occurs at
the fetlock. Toes ttuined "''out" are more i
objectionable than toes turned "'in."I
\When toes r-- turned lout, the fetlocks
are generally tui ned in, and animals so'
formed are very apt to cut or brush.
Both. however. .re weak formations
.. Reject. a horse whose hind legs
are ioo far behind. Good propelling
Power will be wanting, and disease as a
Result may be expi acted in the hocks.
N4. Reject a horse which goes either
- very wide or very close behind.
2 5. Re ect a horse with very straight
Sor very bent hocks. The former cause
undue concussion, the latter "are apt to
I give way.
S 26i. Reject a hirse which is "split up,"
i. e., shows much daylight between his
thighs. .Propeiling power comes from
Behind, and must be deficient in horses
r without due muscular development be-
- tween the thighs.
I 27. Reject a horse with flat feet or
r over large feet, also with very small feet.
Medium size aie the best. "
S28. Reject a horse with one foot
*smaller than another.
Action must Lbe light, easy, free. and
straigLt Reject a hore that crosit h;e
L egs in walking or trotting. He will be
s unsafe. Freedom, power to move easily
- along is the great point in a young horse.
- Knee-action is not essential; it will cc-me
with the bit and breaking.
A good walk is absolutely essential.
Reject a horse that does not walk well;
he is never pleasant to ride. If a horse
I walks well, he will probably trot well;
lut a horse may trot well without walk-.
e ing well, -
TTo ascertain whether the action is
e true and straight, stand behind the horse
, as he walks or trots away from you.
r You cannot ascertain this important
o point by standing on the side.
s Never omit to stand behind a horse as
.- he walks away. -
e A good,-sloping shoulder is an impor-
s taut item in a riding horse, butebad ac-
- tion may co exist-with a good; -and; vice.
' versia, good, free action may-co-exist
a with a somewhat straight shoulder.
I Reject a horse which is straight in the
y shoulder and long from the point of the
f shoulder to'the upper part of the fore-
- g'am. This formation, places the forelegs
d too much under the horse and makes
s him unsafe to-ride. --. : '.-- -.
You may Jhave a plain horse, even if


174


* J~,.


I


I the above very apparent defects are
absent, but you will. at lest, have a
'rviceable one.
A horsc should be rejected for any one
-ally bad faue't. The greatest strength
Sa horse is limited by his worst. point.
[crsebare often bought because they
056ess one Or more very good' points.
lhis is a wron- principle in buying.
lie election of li,,ise should beoin'by
-ejection for bad points. Bad points
re. of course, irn a gioat measure a ques-
on of degree. E)isretiioun is needed in
.elcting as well as in bluying.
Having first of all kept cdear of all ab-
)lute defects such as the above, then
itect your horses for the presence of
,ood, serviceable, arni han.ds,.,me points,
nidl easy. free. graceful carriage.

lot Wanted About the Dairy.
We do) not want the milk pail arind
ittainer %%aLhed with the dish-cloth,
or in the same water in which the
[her dishes have beer wa-li.d ; nor
R) we want them vwahed at all until
hev have been tineil otut with warmni
-ater to remove the'dust and hairs that
lust certainly remain in the stiaiudr
nd pail.
We do nut want anold fashioned dash
burn; if your husband insists oin your
sing yours, bceiuse "hi- motlhEr"
Iways did. procure for himn, if possible,
' rea.p hook" or old-fashioned 'grain
radiL," such as "his. father" used ard
el! him it's of no use to have a selrf-
inder, or even self-rake machine, that
his father" never dlid, and he compares
'i-h his father's age just in the same
'ay that you compare with the age in
which "'his mother" lived.
We do not want the buttermilk to
stand in the churn. noir the churn to re-
lain without washing and drying iwm-
i-diately after use; do not close it up
oo soon; better throw over the top a
iece of clean muslin than close it up
eight, as it is quite likely to mould.
We do not want a wooden milk pail if
-your mother" did use wooden pails
nit make premium hi butter. No mat-
er how well you clean them. more tilth
remains in them than you would be
willing toeat: if you have never tried it
ake a knife and scrape th, pail after it
as been cleansed the best possible way.
We do not want hot water poured into
he cans or pans until they have first
een rinsed with cold then warm water,
after which wash in quite hot. water
rith a little sal soda dissolved in it. I
keep some dissolved in a jug for couven-
ince. After this, scald and turn partly
up side down to drain, or wipe with a
lean cloth A slauting "tilt" against
be wall with a strip of lath nailed on
our shelf is preferable.--Dairy World.

Quality of Jersey Beef.
Edward Burnett, of Massachusettes
have slaughtere-d a four-year-old Jer-
ev heifer from t.he idea that there-was
qime trouble in her bleeding, and hav-
ng decided to kill her, I found tile beef
o be the best I had ever tasted. The
characteristics of Jersey beef are that it
s marbled; it is perfect in that respect,
ndi a h'ort-born would not make
any better. Every butcher near my
lace has a standing order from me for
a twenty-pound piece of every Jersey or
"uernsey cow he kills. You will Find
hat theiflavor is as fine'as the breast of
a game bird. It has a dark and pur-
)lish red look and the fat is very yel
ow.-Ex.
Merits of the Angora Goat.
Has tl'e Angora goat ever been tried
in Florida ? It ought to succeed well,
The common guoat thrives even on the
Southern keye. A correspondent of the
New Mexico Stock (Grower claims the
following points of superiority for An-
gora goats as compared with sheep :
1. They live to an age of from sixteen
to twenty years, while sheep die, we be
lieve, in from eight to twelve vear-s.
2. They are subject, to no disease
while many are common among sheep
3. They will run arnd keep in good
condition upon a much poorer rangi
than sheep-in fact, upon ranges unfi
for other stock.
1. They do not require half the care
and attention that must bie given ti
sheep. They are often easily herded, a
they remain in one flock, never separate
ing into two or more hunchtes.
5. Mohair is worth net in New Mexici
from eight to forty cents per pound.
6 In case of death or slaughter goa
pelts are worth from ';5 cents to 1.2.
each, while sheep pelts are worth only
fiom 10) to 41) cents each.
7. As the United States furnishes bu
one-tenth of its own consumption o
mohair, there is not such danger of flue:
tuation in prices, as there is in wool.
S. As a much greater percentage o
does have twins and triplets than ewes
the increase is from 25 to 33 per ceni
greater than with sheep.
9. As the Angora subsists very largely,
by browsing on brush and bushes, they
are not destructive to the range of cal
tie and horses as are sheep

Foot Rot in Sheep.
When my sheep were affected wit
foot rot. before turning them ou
to pasture in the spring, I careful
cut away all the loose parts c
the hoof, making the feet clear
and then with a feather touched tih
affected parts with butter of antimony
Two applications cured so effectively
that the disease did not return for si
years. It is a .very powerful medicine
and should be used" with care, as it burn
the-parts very quickly.
0
Experiments conducted at the Main
Experimental Station show that, there
was but slight difference in the feedin
values of linseed and cottonseed mcea
but that in manuria] value the cotton
seed meal ranked higher.than the othei
- A well known breeder at Franklin, Pa,
says that he can keep as many cows on &
acres with ensilage as he formerly di
with 127 acres in meadow. He think
ensilage very wholesome, and the cos
per cow is only $12 per year.


Bees. I


INTEREST o APIARISTS. FRUIT AND VEGETABLE PACKING,

To Secure Worker Comb With- FORWARDING AND COMMISSION HOUSE.
out Foundation. huu I.- n v rasjrers ut w,:,rk ruiirc':.DsTgnitnlt rilte, enabling us t.: make PROMPT RETURTNS :,
BY Ji Y. DEITWiLLREP. .,.. .. .
From, an article in the American Bee Extensive FaciltieS for Repacking .
Journal, by G. M. Dl oolittle, [ithe follow- I f-r (-iiile p-r. p. l-ri .n' t t -.r.[. i vr-en. P.k .e el-ai Llfr-
ing important information is given in SHIPPING ORANGES. STRAWBERRIES AND VEGETABLES.
regard to the building if drone comr ...-,. t
and the ne'essary 3nulaipulation to d 6 n cnd f Iat,,r -n A.s : ""Wrapp .etc
cure worker comu.. These are points of S., F. & \\. R. R. \VHARF,
vital intere -rt ti all thosLie wtilo, d sire tO c 'rc td. r and en,:i. orn apli.taito- JACKSONtILLE. FLi. 2
make apiculture a success.I '
-What ar,e tlhe right conditions for -T size 40xlo00 LT '. VT ", on Lake Kingsle.'. Clay Co.. only 810. A
the building of worker comb? Simply |_Y reel in choice .d.cre traet for an ORANGE
feeghrtn'r in .faI ,Niiiori ce5-ce rctfr InKRWE
thee: The right force of bees so that GROVE co-is but 8100. C at-
the queen can Iotl,:iw them in comb I ][r riL, r_?t iPnn r tii-. r.., cr r,-mirrl P, ? ( Plt ,,:.r1 FL | I III
'b u l ., i n r r .- s c ) t i a a s .,n 3 1 S e r ,v l ".* -e n t s l n r i [. r h rp.s e w ,., o r r e mi t P O O r d r r
building with her eg:' o tht as soon B:,nk Dranrt to.JOIHN T. rALBOITI, ani get W;irritv Deed, Tale L I
as the e-m1- iofany co,.b aredeep enough perfect, ir.:m tie
to receive an egg. a worker egg is laid ...-- --- -
thereiu. A. long as these conditions '. .Ut`1. -: A-." -U-A CM-U (.:U._,,J ,,,A-J
exist only worker :romb is built I ,:are P. 0. Box 1.'5S..Jacksonvillle. rlorida.39 W. Bay St.
not how old or unprolifi'c the queen is, or
how prolific. Fiom the above it will b:,e p. CBAuBIcRLA*N A.W. OSC'IADE
seen why a larg- clony with an unpri-. O-TT .-I- O : T A
lific queen builds m-ostly drone or store SO Tr UFI..iO -L.IDA-
comb, and a small colony with a yon
prolific queen builds all worker cmb "
He proceeds to sustain his position lIy R e l E A1y
,;rating that in hitting a large 0o0,0,7 0,1,
bees in a 12-fame Gallup hive the n'ine TAMPA,1 FLORIDA. Offce: Twiggs St.. tIwo blocks east of Passenger depol.
central flames would be generally all
worker corub except the lower-corners
or psrts ot them, or four of tie outer
ones, while the outside ones would gen- F Forda W inter Homes
erally be drone comband would be filid
with honiev, showing these were built as .
store comb, and not for the raising of HERIUDDO COUNTY.
drones. During the first year this IUL HERNANDO COUNTY.
caused no harm, but in June cof the sec- 1
ond year the surplus honey was convert- B.eauiifit. .or*ion, f.,.rg .n Lake -urtle and .n h1 tonrhth Florida uaroad. *
ed into drones to fill the combs, which, Lrndca it r, iLg ani ,Jrr. New settlement; between ieDntv-.ve and ihirry new houses.
after being hatchel, consumed quite a A 'hure.,l;, o,ehoi.. ..... masd, c,,re. iluk,-r. saw mdl anihore!. Large area already'planted
share of the honey gathered by the coii -
shily of thusmakneyg t aerious theiencfaorange grvve. I-or.Oe hbt'.1Iti I,--L, for winter homeA for sale cheap. Ten, twenty 'and
whait wasabuilt fo r store c b Thre" o[fir acrlorangr grove ;-tj. A health -s-ttlement in a healthy State
w h a t w a s b u ilt 'o r s to re c o m b T h e C l o o A d d r e s s ,
amount of drone comb built wouhtld e Cail on or Add r,
greatly increased if the queen wasold or J. W. GROVES or CLARKSON & ROBERTSON,
unprolfic. Oriole, Florida. Jacksonville, Florida
To remedy the above he cuts his hives
down to nine frames and found that lie
hadonly partly remedied the difficulty, W N. JUSTICE-
until in hiding a small swarm with a
queen but a yearolil he got his real light W hole
on the drone comb subject. On Iok- Wholesale Commission Merchant,
ing at the colony three weeks after being NO. 313 NORTH WATER STREET. PHILADELPHIA.
hived, lie was surprised to find the O F IT AND VEGETABLE Co me Soc. Return
frames filled with comb. except a few ofm ...... ..D..... ... ..
'inches at the l-o'tom of the two outside ,- '.t ..I,
combs, and every bit of it was worker
comb and filled with brood, except a JT_ O'O "BI-O'TT"",7
few pounds of honey along the top bar A T
When the hive was again o.xamiued a X- 7 T : rJwX1 J1-* 1X M=.O *r.-: .r
week or two later with the expectation BARTOW. FLORI[DA.
of the two remaining, frames being fur- ; )rp orafdChroi
if the two remain frames being fur-, Orange Orors,. T-.w'i L.trs in Barrow, Winter Haven. Saskelft Punta Gorda-and Charlotte
nished with worker comb, he was dIsap- Rarb,:.r. for Sale inimprovedi Lan-.i, [a s all ad arge trras, at $25 0 per acre.up. Chokie ten
pointed in finding it containe4l drone andf,:rt yacrer trars[ofl ..:d, hti'h. roiling Pine L.nds, near S. F R. R. depot. at.$'to S36-per
comb. The conclusion was arrived at acre. All prperty Yuaranreeu cl be as represented i:.r mcneyv reftuided
that as the young bees began to hatch, [ WN-Me: Lans. wed sacure.-l, ne.,rtiated ar 15 per cni oet. to the lender .
which they were doing when the hive
Swas first opened, the queen hall all she
desired .to do in fillingthe vacated cells. .W at '. Beye s ys:.
Sand as she could no longer keep hand in' e-'A* le'btiahat .Bfo..Bpled'eders.et frmay js 4-'
kan~~w'htleh~ boa It thanks fo ~indded.T't~ rom-onip..
c i-It wo id 5L br1ltj16 fIsol
hnd,;Wih..hebrs they built store comb. GO *=^'_l Iwonld tearitih,-r1rnthy lial 6 fl rould i-p.oe _,l..
.--The.-folow iug season, in order to zwill thtAnLa a e Spem a -a--
oprovehis position, be took enough bees' ,,rSouthern ,i.a w'-2fasr .._ rirnoms ws f6r.naSge-
r ,to, fill three frames in three weeks, ac-I II --IS _-tablesraied or li,)r red.-im w eh -ret fr veane Wal-
r cording to .his best judgment, but got a La IA" ,L9OI,'oUsi?" rAon ir BiLBRa h1o.Bend., aibd.
Sfe.tomanybeesasthframeswere' SeEd of this quay am now redi to sell to every on
f e-u tu, many whotillsa farm or piars a garden;seond..g thLeb IFll, imy
Spilled in seventeen days, the queen hay- % eeLabl and Fliwerd eid Caualoguee, for lT. Old customer"
- ing an egg in every cell except a few at neednot write for it t catalogve this season Lbe 'native wtle
te t topfor pollen and honey. Having ,. ".potao. J.J.I. gBOBTl[,edorowirMrblehdM.M -
.mboved the division bo-ard he inserted an -- ...
empty frame between two others. and -
during the next four days this was filled -
alittle over half full of worker comb, -,
Which the queen, occupied with eegs.
but as soon as the young bees began to AlTI "
b hatch, she only went over the vacated RULING AND BINDING
Shells, which caused the rest of the ftamne U I A'U BI IN .
Ito be filled within done comb.
From this hlie took his cue. which con- ,, m .
Strolled him in his after work. He fur -u -
i other states that success is only obtained ; .
by getting such an atrmount of empty -- c' 5 ispz- <
surpluss room above with the right size .
of brood chambers below, that thie bees a LL
j build comb below only as fast as the _
Queen occupies it with egg%, while there G -" W
Sis rooms above for all theirextra resources T .0 "
of wax and comb builtling propensities. e 0 .: i, j
In giving a colony a frame of empty W L a 2 >
Scomb, or a frame of broo-d to keep them '-13 Q
s from absconding, the result obtained V a 0 -
Swas principally drone cocmb in all thus ": .5 '
treated: and when much brood is hatch- 4 o '- -
ing in a hive or there is empty comb in m T
the same, the only remedy is full sheets A A i '
of foundation or frames of worker comb. 10 .0 a 0 ill
5 NEWI SITRNA, Fla. ,- # .Z

Florida for Poultry. 0 M -
We tave been~asked about Florida as U =
- a suitable place for poultry. We know w -
" sonethine about Florida, and also know w CO
what can be done. On the lighi pine a i, 3a W^ a Lll
Sla;dswhere the lands are always dry, o .
diseases of poultry, such as roup, are 9 0 -
t rare. Insects are plentiful, land is E *..5 i "
cheap, building material low. while the C ,- ,.
-V hotels are compelled to send North for | "'b il l L 1 ''.
.hics ad ggs. A home minrket, wit a* M z, 5^,'yVy ^ ^ ^
Ihigh prices, exists all the year round, q, E, A
d-ari there is no better place in the S
United States than Florida for poultry. 'g .0.
.Now for the objections. The colored As o ,-
h gentry will sometimes make a midnight r ( I. L -
it ndscent, and he who makes poultry a S "
y large-business can have.an assistant to P H a '
if clean up and do considerable work at --
n, night, thereby serving as a watchman. S S 9 -
e The lice and minute insects are plenti- S t u -,
v. ful, but good management and cleanli- a .hne ssil kp ,th em aay.: .- ^0 '
ness will keep them away. S- a. o,- -,
x The I-eghotns do well here, no frosted cQ aS"0, -. : .^ ; ** '"
e combs occurring, while animal food Is o .r ( .3 T e d w h n f i l .d'
is not'as necessary here. Green material '5 *~
- is plentiful for ten. months in the year, o S .' -a
'and stoves or heating appliances are un- uM 'S "S 0- -a S v ^' '' W'
;e -necessary. Plenty of whitewash is the *S g Sk
e- main- stock in trade. 1Keep everything 2 **" =" ) "- "^ ^^ ,
g "clean arid the hens will lay every month g -Q ansci 0i so i td Keep e t *"
I, in the year, except when moulting. .3 "' = 1JL- .
a- ? F lorida sells early chicks at hom e, as .'< f ^ ^ S ? o (_,^ -:- d g i l *.- -i
r. she does not produce enough for the l-. '3 -, 3 ..... oe- '
thousands of visitors who annually flock -"-- E -' "5 "- I =-.. .-
.. there. The day will come when that v. ,,; *ii.
,7 -State u'ill be the headquarters for spring -- '" L.'%
d' c.iicks, as they can be produced threat | nagu ,. .
,s less risk and expense than anywhere "' dN.lli-.IV~lN
it .else,'.owi.ng to the- favorable conditons 1" ....''..-''."
.. --- : .- .a -{ -t .... a... : .


-I.'
f.,









FLORIDA FARMER.AND FRUIT' GROWER, JUNE 1, 1887.


4 rq i csflldng.
WHY COWS HOLD UP THEIR MILK.
A CURE FOR THE HABIT. -

A Device for Mfeasuring Trees and Other
Heights-A Prolific Egg Laying Fowl.
A Convenient Building, with Yards
Attached, for Swine.
The building for hogs and corn, the
ground plan of which is here given, was
drawn originally by an Iowa farmer for
Rural New Yorker. This Iowa corre-
spondent is so well pleased with his build-
ing that he gives the following minute de-
scription of the. same for the benefit of
others.


CORN CRIB 8x48


DRIVEWAY. 8x48


S I I -
PEN PEI j PEN PEN
12,14 12111 12,14 t2 t


PASTURE
BUILDING FOI HOGS AND CORN.
The house is 48x80 feet, with 12 foot
posts and one-third pitch roof. There is
a driveway 48x8 feet, with a corn crib of
the same size on one side; on the other are
four pens, 12x14 feet, connected with each
other and with the yards outside. The
crib will hold 1,800 or 2,000 bushels of
corn, and one must use judgment as to
the number pf hogs. He has had best re-
sults -when. fattening hogs by shutting
eight or ten in one pen, giving them the
run of small yards outside. Over the pen
is a space 14x48 feet, which can be used
for hay, straw, grain, machinery, etc.

Cowa Not Giving Down Milk.
The habit some cows have of holding
up the milk is a difficult one to overcome.
Mr.' L. B. Arnold accounts for this habit
by the following explanation:' It consists
in shortening the time of relaxation of the
cords controlling the valves to the little
reservoirs holding the milk. These are
distributed through the udder, and there
are several "circumstances which tend to
make a cow shorten this relaxation.
Rough treatment, fear, grief, solicitude,
loud noises, etc., are among them. The cir-
cumstances inducing a prolongation of the
relaxation are comfort and quietude, to-
gether with the relief afforded by the flow
of milk.
The best way, according to the author-
ity quoted from,.is to avoid all occasion
-of disturbance and observe those which
promote pleasure" and quiet for the cow
and to milk as rapidly as possible coiisirt-
ent with comfort, with' a vnew to0 gettta2
the milk before the "letting down"
ceases ,Milking -rapidly does not
mea. jerkiung sharply or notingg .r-ith
:. hasty'or-irreguJsr.mouo.is in the presence
of the cow. Such a course would counter-
act the very thing aimed at. The motion
of the milker should not. be such as to at-
tract her suspicions. They should be de-
liberate and cool, but. when set i-own to
the milking, let nothing beallowed to in-
- terntpr or retard the work. This widl in-
duce continual letting down, by glr'Ling re-
lief to the udder. The milker sliot:uid bear
constantlv in mind the fact that. the let-,
ting down, is short, and that. every move-
ment should be avaledl of to the best ad-
vantage. 'When the milk ceases to flow
the milking hr shouldd stop at. once, whether
the milk is all out ,or not. There is not ue
in' hanging on after it. stops cCming-, as
this only cultivates and conLirms the
habit of "nteiLug iack." To g-ive a cow
the least possible occasion for boldingback
her milk is the best way to pre\entt her
forming such a habit, and the surest and
readiest way to. make her forget it after
it has been formed. To break up the ob-
jectionable habit, let the milking be quick,
but easy and regular.
Black Minorcas.
Numbered with Spanish varieties of
fowls that have conime to the front of late,
are the black Minurus, the libest.layers of
all the so .calledrl Spanish Ihrectd The Mi-
norcas are handsome birds, with lustrous,
green, black plumaae. large red combs
and white ear lobe&. The large comb
stands erect. in the cocks and lopping in
the hens. The general carriage oof these
fow.lIs iS ian important feature The cock,
especially if trte bredl, carries himself in
a stately aanilTer, the breast ivell project-
ing and the tad standing well up.


MTNORCA COCK AND itEN.
The Minorcas are hardy anti little sub-
jec, to disease. They art persistent, lay-
ers of large white eggs, which dad a
ready sale. Lake most egg laying breeds,
-a their flesh is not df esceUet quality; on
the contrary, in old fowls, it is decidedly
unfit for the table. The Minorcas are
non-setters and great '-foragers. In good
condition a hen will weigh from siLs to
seven pounds, and the cock from eight to
nine pounds.
Treatment for Work Horses.
Remember that the digestive organs of
.horses at work are not so responsive as
when idle. The occurrence of colic and
othe? ailments inctdent- to horses in the
season of work is usually traceable to the
lack-of time given for digestion. The
stomach is in no condition to receive food
immediately after.severe exertion, hence
the necessity of a short season of rest be-
fore giving a horse any food. A Little pare
in-thib matter of watering and feeding
: hbrses -*wll pie-vent much sickness and
consequent loss.


Fastening Comb in Sections.
A bee keeper in Bee Culture thinks it is
an easy matter to fasten pieces of combs
in the sections after one has learned how.
He says: In swarming and in the honey
season, I keep almost every day hot wax
on hand. It is kept. so by having a box
as high as a lamp and chimney. Your
wax being hot, take a turkey tail or wing
feather, of good size. Your pieces of
comb should be cut the size you wish.
Your sections should be in the frames (I
use wide frames). Dip the feather in hot
wax, and paint the inside of the section.
Next set the piece of comb on the feather.
Holding the former with the left hand,
draw out the feather. As the wax will
set quick, the thing is done.
Your wax should be hot enough so the
-feather slips out easily and slick. You
can put the pieces of comb in this way
faster than you can put in comb founda-
tion by any method. I have put in
thousands, and never knew of one to
drop Qut. I have thought for two or
three years to give it to the public. I
never saw any thing like it in print.

Dalmatian Insect Powder.
One of the best insecticides known at
the present time is Dalmatian insect pow-
der, also known as Persian insect powder
and as Buhoch. This powder is composed
of the pulverized blossoms of a plant that
is death to most forms of insect life, but
not injurious to animals or human beings.
It ought to be on every farm. In the
household it will be found valuable in
lessening flies, roaches, etc.; in field and
garden it acts as a preventive to many in-
sect enemies, and in the poultry yard it is
useful' for dusting fowls and chicks as a
preventive and cmure for lice.
/ "Cows for the Dairy.
Those who follow the dairy Interests-
the butter interests-have, according
to a well known Massachusetts dairyman,
Found in the Jersey and the Guernsey the
.best butter cows. They will, ini his 'opin-
ion, make the most and best butter. This
dairyman after repeated experiments-finds
that the best butter is produced from one-
half Jersey and one-half Guernsey cream.

Measuring Heiglits.
-The erroneous estimates which are made
of the height of trees, buildings and other
objects render desirable an easy and con-
venient mode for measuring them. The
following, with a little practice, says The
Country Gentleman, will enable any one
to make such measurements with approx-
imate accuracy of the real heights sought:


.- ...... MEAi.t Irtim A aTTEr.


The fliTur' given represents the 'implest
and tluikest way to measure heights.
First make a mark on thestemcof the treat
or other object, say six feet t'ron the
ground, or place a pole six feet upright
against it. Then walk away to such a
distance that the breadth of the handheld
out at full armi's length will just cover
the six feet. Mark with Ithe ey,- a poirt
on -the tree at the upper end of-the six feet,
and move the hand upwards another
breadth. anuI ,- pru:,t:-el tillcthe whole
height. is mLeasured. It may sometimes be
convenient for an assistant to stand at the
fo, t'of t he t ree, and if with his hat on he
wtlit be six feet high, he may serve as a,
measure to begin v itn ii-,iteadof the rod.
It is well to stand at s-nae distance from
the tree in making these mei-.urementc,
otherwise the upper n'et, so' l porl-on9
will be larger than the Io-er, .n aic( tiunt
of the longer legs of the umaginary tri-
angle. If tie- distance be too great for the
breadth of the hand, ,ne or two Kai _s
onlymay be used, ora lhort pocket rule.
Or, if the pocket rule be used. its separate
subdivisions into inches mn-y i.e male to
indicate the portions measured,- and the
whole completed at one measurement.
We have. known the heights of perpen-
Sdicular banks of lakes-cr other ptrecipices.
or the descent of a waterfall, ti i.,e iingu-
larly misjudged for the want of sime sEuch
metni a, the Oone her,: .desecrib.L If the
water of ct iake freezes in winter,.the id&e
ft'ornt; ain excellent Ia.- hoe ifor the meas-
urement of any of its shores or banks, and
of th.- t.:ps of trees .-lich growuponthem.'
Fact- Farmers Ought to. Know.
The white Wyandotte and the white;
Plymouth Rocks have mi-iltipuel during
the ilast year to a considerable extent.
Oce-aii'air is favorable to fruit raising.
The.best aunl 1 heost of sols will become
exhaiis-el Iiles' a ppliearicns of manure
are ma-l.e in one form or another-
The greater the weight an tni"mal can
be made to attain-1la the shortesfperiod of
time the smaller, the cost per pound pro--
portionately.
In the vegetable kingdom improvement'
is made by grafting and hydridizing; in
the amnimal kingdom by crossing.
Cabbage delights in a deep, rich soil.
Cows :when turned out to pasture re-
quire some dry fodder to-bffset the laxa-
tive food they pick tip. '
The Devons are thought by soumi au-
thorities to cone as near the compromise
of beef and milk as the bovine race can
produce. The milk has the reputation of
being very rich, although. they are not
noted as persistent milkers.
May is the preferred month, in many
sections for transplanting evergreens.
Success depends mainly on keeping the
roots from drying out.
By the evaporating process it has been
calculated that one barrel of green apples
will produce abont fifteen pounds of evap-
orated dried apples, and that one pound
of these is equal to half a peck of the fruit
before it is pared or sliced.
Horse radish.is a perennial and will last
many years. But to have it, first class re-
plant every spring.


-j night to produce sleep, mnd her maid reason of my asking'the question, but I
aMilt f eading. swore that her mistress never took more will do so to you. It has happened, in
m g -than one, being aware of the danger of an difficult cases, .that information has had
)overdose. The usual mode of administer- to be purchased, and that a bribe more or
FO IONn A E ] u { V ing these noxious opiates is by placing one less tempting has had to be held out to
1FORUt l v ,-N OS sA ElV -i 4the mouth and allowing it to dissolve; some person or persons to unlock their
Sbut they will dissolve in water, and the tongues. I have no reason to
i medical evidence proved that at least eight suppose that anything of the sort
By B. L. FARJEON, o- ten of the poisonous lozenges must will be necessary in this case,
Author of "Great Porter Square," "The have been administered in this way, in but I wish to feel myself per-
Brigkt Star of Life," Etc. one dose, to the unfortunate lady. The fectly free in the matter. I am satisfied
glass from which the liquid was drunk with your bankers' replies, and I shall
PART THE FIRST. was found, not by her bedside, but on the spare neither money nor exertion in the
THE TRIAL OF EDWARD LAYTON. niantel shelf, which is at some distance endeavor to unravel the mystery which
From the bed. It is a natural inference, surrounds the death of Mrs. Edward
----- IUf- the unfortunate woman had admin- Layton.
(CONTINUED.) istered the dose to herself, that the glass' "It is scarcely possible you can be aware
Mr. Bainbridge opened the telegram would have been found on the table'by' of it, but it is nevertheless a fact that,
and read it. It was unusually lengthy, her bedside. It was not so found, and the apart from my professional position in
and from the expression of his face ap- maid declares that her mistress was too I this matter, I take in it an interest which
peared to cause him great surprise. weak to get out of bed and return to it' is purely personal, and ttiat my sympa-
"Let the lad wait in the hall," he said unaided. These facts, if they be facts, ties are in unison with your own.
to his servant, "and you come up the mo- circumstantially prove that the cause of Were it not that I have had some knowl-
ment I ring." death lay outside the actions of the inva- edge of Mr. Layton, and that I esteem
"Very well, sir," said the servant, and lid herself, -The maid states that when him, and were it not that I firmly believe
he left the room, closing the door softly she loft her mistress the bottle containing in his innocence I should perhaps have
behind him. about a dozen lozenges was on the table hesitated to engage-myself in his case,
"I have been taking a leaf out of your by her mistress' bedside, and also a glass and you will excuse my saying that your
book," said Dr. Daincourt. "You seem i'and a decanter of water; and that when liberal views upon the subject of funds
to learn so much from observing the faces 'she visited her mistress between 6 and 7 might have failed to impress me. It is,
of people that I have been rude enough to o'clock in the morning there were no loz- therefore, a matter of congratulation that
watch your face while you were perusing enges left in the bottle, and the glass from I enlist myself on Mr. Layton's side as
the telegram." which they were supposed to be taken, much upon personal as upon professional
"What have you learned?" asked the dissolved in water, was on the mantel grounds. The time has been too short for
lawyer. ; shelf. Now, in my view, this circum- anything yet to be done, but it will be a
"Nothing," replied Dr. Daincourt, smil- stance is in favor of the prisoner." satisfaction to you to learn that I have a
ing, "except that it appears almost as "I cannot see that," observed Dr. Dain- slight clew to work upon. It is very
long as a letter and that it has caused court. slight, very frail, but it may lead to some-
you surprise." "Yet it is very simple," said the lawyer, thing important. Your desire for a full
"It has caused me something more i'Let us suppose, in illustration, that I am and complete recital of my movements
than that-it has absolutely startled me." 'this lady's husband. For reasons into shall be complied with, and I propose,
"You must forgive my rudeness. I whichitis not necessary here to enter I to this end, and for the purpose
spoke lightly, not seriously. If you have resolve to make away with my-wife by of coherence and explicitness, to forward
anything particular to attend to, don't administering to her an overdose of these the particulars to you from time to time,
mind me; I will go." poisonous narcotics, and naturally I re- not in the form of letters, but in narrative
"No," said the lawyer, "I want you,,- solve that her death shall be accomplished shape. This mode of giving you informa-
and I think you will be as startled as in such a manner as to avert to some rea- tion will keep me more strictly to the sub-
I am myself. This is a cable message sonable extent suspicion from myself. I ject matter, and will be the means of
from Pittsburg, America, and, as you go into her bedroom at midnight. Our avoiding digression. After the reieipt,
judged, it is more like a letter than a relations, as has been proved, are not of therefore, of this letter, vwhat I t.tAve to
telegram. See, it covers three sides of the most amiable kind. We.are notin say will go forth under numbered head-
paper; I will read it to you: love with each other-quite the-reverse- ings, not in my own writing, but in that
"'From Archibald Laing, Box 1286, P. and have been living from the first day of a short hand reporter, whom I shall
0., Pittsburg, U. S., to Mr. Bainbridge, iof our marriage an unhappy life. specially employ. I could not myself un-
Q. 0., Loiidon. 4 i Indeed, my unhappy life in relaW4on dertake such a detailed and circumstan-
'Reports of the result of Edward- to the lady commenced when I was tial account as I understand is your de-
Layton's trial! for the murder of his wife engaged to her. Well,, I go into her room sire to obtain. Besides, it will save time,
have been cabled here and published in at midnight, resolved to bring about her which may be of great value in the eluci-
the papers. There will, of course b death. She complains that she cannot dation of this mystery.
new trial. If ator before thatnew trialsleep, and she asks me to give her a mor- "I am, dear sir, faithfully yours,
ne tia f t r eor tatnw rilphia lozenge *from the -bottle. I suggest -~f.BIBRDE
you establish Layton's innocence, I hold HORACE BAINBRIDGE."
myself accountable to you for a fee of that it may more readily produce sleep if,
e$25,000.- Ihaf you employ yoursMelfo instead of allowing it to dissolve slowly in
that end, I havecabled to Messrs. orga er mouth, she will drink it off at once What struck me particularly in your
& Co., bankers, Threadneedle street, to dissolved in water. She consents I take cable message was that portion: of it in
pay upon your demand the sumn of $10,000, from the table the bottle, the decanter of which you made reference to a Mr. James
$5,000 of which are your retaining fee, water and the glass; I empty secretly into Ritrand. It happens,- singularly enough,
the other $5,000 being an installment to- theglass th eight oten or dozenlzenges that this Mr. James Rutland was on the
which the bottle contains;I Pont the water"r '"t- "
ward any preliminary expenses you may which the bottle contain; I pour the water y, and that he was the one juryman
ward anyTpreisminary expenses youmay- from. the decanter into the glass, and I tell *who held out in Mr. Layton's favor, and
incur. This sum of $10,000 is independ-to who held out in Mr.t off immediately She
dent of the 25,000 mentioned above, my wife to drink it off immediately. She through ',',..t". Iropui.raL.ie ,leterminuna-
II oes so and sinks mintoslumber, overpow- ti...,- .-.. ,
and of course your own professional .ionilnotr. ro, h,nim i .= ,, ilr, i ah ar'n-.t,
(I ad ered oy-a sleep from which she ,will
bill of costs will be pnir in ad- ere by-a sleep from which she will the necesit i fra ne -.-til. EI-veu ,.f
edition. Mesr(. Morgan & re em- trk- Perhaps she stre-gkles the jury were fr a .,)niIVti,',u, ctie ordd
aigt'rs inte the (t; of the terrible dose I
powered to advarncer you any firthier sums a t.he ffect th .terrible dose I for an acquittal-this one, Mr. T, Liut la n.
that mav be necessary fn r n ,e-,urI inv-stiga, have.r aMilk!titir, her, but her struggles The fir't thinr to a:.certiin w,'. ihis ad-
.tions. Set every engine a'nfoot toobtain ar. rain She lie, before me in sure ap. dress, %% h yh,,> ,,ouli not 2:ve ie. Hr.-
the acquiiit.al of Elihvard LI l,,..-.rntr-:nO p -o ae n2datl an bo 111111 th Shle ,tl I t ba e veCr, we e Ir,.,w e C:. r, L-, rn at .:,I r.h-,ir,,ltr bare-
... --. lbcap~-f'ouh tne---hfe-whbt-: h-as been-a Iysu s al -,rtr '. a-f"a rie
expense If $1l ,00,.t is i,e-essary, it ecnel tfrm ttoie Loieteryc hat. he.. a hb satch un.,il t nh meregE:,tt eaily "a-ried
is at your r.ommanrl. S-tet! toI me by rtnl -c o m r The at he eventn; -'the day afterthe
everymailfull nd Seta ( 0'lelacnn ofbydec!t-1ijna ncc'inplrihetl, what do I, theat
every mail fill and detailed accounts o( ded i aormphed, what d,,I, the I arrival of your cable message I wss put
your movements and proceedings; onit thie iurderter, d.. t here are nnr-O.e',t' eeS in possession of the fact thatiMr. Rutland
nothing, and make your own clharee fo e of a ,trtele; there have been no cries lives u \Wint-f_,ie stcfEt.' I- drove thrre
this and for everything-elise you perforn t'.alarm the hou.e;.what has beenlaccom- imnt,e.t,,:i a -'a.rlscut up tmycard.
pl;h-n11 has been Well~an(1 skilnlujfy ac- ,....... ...."r," ._.,
in the task.I1ask you as a favor -to under- p`-hd be- we and ski.. fu "c- have called upon you, Mr. RcAu_1utl-1,"
take. Your reply immediately -vlby cable complished, and I am- the only actual to Mr. Edwnl Lay-
-. l w. I- saidaiwithnmrespect to yer.fEdWah 'y-
Sivo n witness against -myself.' Wha ton's .case, in the hope- that you may be
will oblige, and, up to I' 'vword', is pro. then, "-I repeat, is my course ofable to.... giv me.soase, some info
paid. I do not wish. Edwsil La.yton tt .. I .^ ". Q. o- able to give me some information: .by.
know that I have requested 'our edita- ictior Before I -killed her I re- whiclh-he may be benefited."
knothaIhave r etd 3 ow dr m'etlthe bottle, the glass and the de- Mr Rutland is a gentleman of about
lion on his behalf. It isa matter entirely cater
and confidentiallyvbetween you anrdme. T .Mit fom te tbr bo the b i sh hre
write to you by th. otut (.,i mail. Per- fi caused er ace, and I judged him, and I think judged
haps youma y-obratirn suito eiunl inforut.- 1 him c'.rrly, to be aman-of a kindly
tionfrom a Mr.Jdnse R'.uiLa.l; I I .i theory would be be utterly destroyed nature- Looking upon him, .there was o
furnish-you with the geitleitant's addre-3,' a ot h T indication in his appearance of a .i-gel
but Edward Layton and he were once poison was taken to be found at some dis disposition, and I lost sight for t'i,,ntent
udt Edward Layton and he were y'soed-
-friends.' t from the te e .- a of e itril,- er.it. with r-lu,:h he
Dr. Daincourt drew a deep.breath. ntly that, rl t the d r wch iaed toi th triilon whe he was
ill .'nnta'eddypthatthe"trithewdtc hier which
SSi.rtcung ind,:,-r," he said. -This c,"rtt.fiu tihe wateir,-and t he bottle jurymen. upHowever, his conduct during-
Archibald Lamnit be the ran ti n.,h r.Tr, the lozenges, within However his conduct during
"ra"hre heardas' mak i nat i'- ,rah fh.-r, o ha Toe o ittha this interview brought it to my mind.'
en'e t ie- bard apcul-siin art lii tiht- rieat:nt"r i. be suicidal h and. To omit that "It is a thousand pities," hesaid, in re-
omenre f,,rtu be, p. E l,tig, a,- the lghtpri,,:uit.l tit,- t1 o be, ticidtliand, to namy sponse to my opening words, "that Mr.
momentin tbe sirer to_.-s.. io, ba he ,h ,., titaiienrational Laytonrefused to accept professional as-
good for millions. Do you nto' any- it, titc.r chi t'-ctranres. Doyou. distance and advice. I was not the only
thing of him?" -.-., t.,-,, ttl1 the circumstance of the .one upon the jury who failed' to'-under-
Not personally," replied the lawyer; -.. ii fundonthemantelshelf is astandhisret rod.i
"only from report and hearsay. Be is t3C ,,f,:.f ,t ninnocence?7" t r e i
Englishman 'and must be an amaztinly- Ye-'_. replied Dr. Daincourt, "I rec- ble, Itai i ho bperhed," inexplic-
shrewdfellow; andthat he is n ,:-arn-,t .,'-,ize thie strength of your theory-u-m able and I am in hopes that upyou may beI have
is pt,,ll p.,',vel br, this cab:e, in ih lK -, ie, you had in your wnind the come toyoufor assistance."
no n,:.rds-ar,- spare, d tomake 13 Btre.iedn_ 'd.ea tt tat it w"tIdl be better to throw sus- "I ca give you no information," was
clear..I"I- pi.'it, ut[),tt a third person; say, for the hisreply; "I cannot assist you." "
While he was speaking to his friend, the -"., .-,r.- I hi reply; "I cannot assist you." .
'aw er was bsiy- t" zn .l ri"- Iin "'.t'g ...l..-'Iit, upon the maid." "May I speak to you in confldeinceP?" I
*" "-'lawyer was busily I.- ..L.-rI. pon 'That view," said the lawyer, "de- asked.
a blank telegraph v.,orme ,dliv.h ,yas I.- mhDi',, itself, for what I would natur- "Yes he said, "although I have noth
.eloge(1 in the-env~elpe delivered by t l .) ..
me sseng.ally d, .. divert suspicion from myself, a ing to tell. To any but a gentleman of
m"Wse will yo thh',r 'nI- wh would naturally do to avertposition I should refuse to enter into con-
"What will you do in the matterPn -o.hmrh"erself.
asked Dr. Daincourt. suspicion omhim or hersef. versation upon this lamentable affair; and
"rie t i" said .lDr. DLincourt; "you seize indeed it will be useless for us to converse
"Here is*my reply," said. the laer.' Ital points ore ready than I. Have 'upon it. As I bar.ve already said, I have
and hc-reachittaloud: u f1toy theory- about 'the strange lady nothing to tell you. "II
"From MrB'-a e Hr .,y Iorv at ,n puied .Layton home fromii Pre- This jteration of having nothing to say
strate. Ln-,rdlo, c.' Ar.-lul~al~i I~t'r'g,"'Tosx rus's restaiil"tntt,' and nothing to tell was to me suspicious,
.126, P ,:., Pt..l ur,, T. "I have theory upon the point." re- not so much from the words in which the
'''Yonr ,I.'l e l'. l, uu'lertake tl,- pliedE te la' er', h "w ch, hw t-'re. at determination was conveyed as from the
conmmni;iit., nu:ivi.l i e -':r;-.r cl.:ffrr I-:'. present 1t s.i o.vaite ao.l .IDatrisfactory that tone in which they were spoken. It was
e';tbltl L o.tis ntttcence, inIttt i it n-oul be follytr dicle it." 'flurried, anxious, uneasy; a plaiinmdica-
tirilybhv. Th-:t,? it rTs^-rN in "Aal[ the nin (A hearts*" siald- Dr. am
rtulr-, l'rtte. Thui. n a myste-ty i "Andi the nine of hearts," said Dr. tion that Mr. James-Rutland could say
the macttt.r, an.l i v-dl do my best to 1t 1laincourt, "y'ou hare not menrtiO:,nei that something if he (hose.
at thee eart r f it.: I will write t? you ilately-have you f'rgtotten it,". "Speakina in coadldence," Isaid, taking
ypudesire.' "No', sai.l th e lawyer; "it is my firm no outwnrd notice of his evident reluc-
He tourl.;d the bell and the servant atip- opinion that h nii'l that nine of hearts the tance to assist me, "I think I am right In
peared., whole cf the mystery revolves." my conjecture that you believe in Mr.
''Give thi t to he teler.-iph h,-y,' he -- Layton's innocence."
said,:'-intl pay his cat, tav' t,:, the tel-r. p "I decline to say anything upon the
erap, ,>h.flt, in oirler thai there ltihll.be PART THE THIRD, matter," was his rejoinder to this re-
nodleimy." mr ak.
.When the servant had i-eparted, the i i n f t
.lawyer r,,se tron his chair ,,ui p,,1d the TBE MTmTERV Or THE NINE OF HEARTS. We live i 'an age of publicity,", lob-
....Served without irritation' "it is difficult
.room lo-lwv in t eep th,:.inht, frod Ut t.'t5 "From Mr. Bainbridge, Q. 0., to Archi- to keep even one's private affairs to one's
'duir-ig the inter~ai ir his retie,'ttious, at tall Laing. Esq.: : self. What used to be hidden from public
the etnversation th etween him and Dr. "*DEAR Stri: Last. night I received your gaze and knowledge is now exposed and
DairnLoui-t. n-'a; carried o:,n. cable from Pittsbarg, and seat you a mes- freely discussed by strangers. You are
*"I itnot very strange," said the law- sage to reply, accepting the commission doubtless aware that it is known that
yer, "that. I am adrtsed in this caile cues- with whkh you hare been pleased there were eleven of the jury who pro-
sage to ct-Ik iniormatiun frc.m the one to int'rut me. This morning I called nouncedMr/.Layton guilty, and only one
juryman who prouounct ed Layton innn- upon Messrs. Morgan & Co., bankers, who pronounced him innocent."
cent, anid wi~ose address I hare not oh>- Threatdneedie street, and learned from -"I "-as not," he said, '*and am not
tairtetl.'' 'the that theyn-er a prepared to ad- aware that it is known."
c"rt t i- indeed, replied Dr. Dam- Vance me the $10,000 of which you "It is nevertheless a fact," I said,
o ,very strange." advised me. I drew upon them for that "and irIs also known that you, Mr. Rut-
Of course I shall find h m: there wil amount, and received from them a noti- land, are the juryman who held out in"
not be the least difficulty in that respect. Pcation that they would honor my Mr. Layton's flavor."
Tell roe, doctor It was proved at. the further drafts upon them the moment "These matters shouldn't be revealed,"
trial that Mrs. Laycon's death was caused they were drawn. I asked them whether, he muttered. :
by an overdose of morphia, taken in the In the event of my desiring to draw, say "Perhaps not, I said,, "but we must
form of effervescing lozenges. It was es- 5,000, I was at liberty to do so. They go with the age .in which we live. Mr.
tablished that she was occasionally in the .said yes, for even a larger amount if I Layton's case has excited the greatest
habit of tahling one of these lozenges at rbouired it,. I did not exzlama to them the interest. The sinamlar methods he adont-


f[TO fB CoNTIom .D.l
Once eradicate insects froinm -your or-
chard and they will not injure it' for
three or four years, by which ti6m it may "
be restocked with pests bred in other'
orchards. '


A


- -t --


175


ed during' so momentous a crisis in his,
life, and the unusual termination of the
judicial inquiry, have intensified that
interest, and I have not the slightest
doubt that there will be a great deal said -
and written upon the subject,." -.
"Which should not behasaid anddwrit-
ten," muttered Mr. Rutland. :-
"Neither have I the slightest doubt," I
continued, "that your name will be freely
used, and, your motives -for not waiving
your opinion' when eleven men- were
against you freely discussed. '-We are
speaking here, if you will allow me to say
so, as friends of the unfortunate man, and
I have no hesitation in declaring to you
that I myself believe in his innocence.
He interrupted me. .
"Then, if you had been on the jury, you
would not have yielded to the opinions
of eleven, or of 1,100 men?"
He spoke eagerly, and I saw that it
would be a satisfaction to him to/obtain
support in his view of the case.
"'I am not so sure," I said; our private
opinion of a. man when hlie is placed before
his' country charged with a crime has.
nothing whatever to do with the evidence.
brought against him. Let us suppose, for
instance, that you have been at some time
or other, under more fortunate circum-
stances, acquainted with Mr. Layton."
"Whb asserts that?" he cried, :much dis-
turbed. : I -*. .
"No person that I am awaremof," I: re-
plied. I am merely putting a case, and I
'will prove to you presently that I have a
reason for doing so. Say, I repeat, that
under more, f,:.rtrinte c Liu-utnstiacCs' you
were acquairite.l unit Mr Ltyton, and
that yi.n .i,,)'.'lr: 't i'. esteemt him. W hat
hai. thtt putri, v'. p-',nt! ne'v to( do with
yoiir t',w.t,'ih 11i ,ia Jurymn "n-
"Mr. Bainbridge," he said, "I do not '
wish t.. i.,e i-'_ irrt.r:.u s, but I cannot con-
tinue litii i.,;,n er.'-r sti,,r,." - L "
"Nay," I urged,-. "a gentleman's .life
and honor are at stake, and I am en-.
deavoring to befriend him. I am not the
only one who is interested in him:. There
are .:.thb-r-. tIousands of miles away across
the siea-_ n .:. are desirous auit ixJ,.'us to
make a sacrifice, if iby th.it -i-,',:ridOe they
can clear the honor ,:,i a frin'il S-. Mr.
Rutland, I will pla,:e iniph it t:.ni>lenicet
in you. Last night I rtcts'l a ntiaele
from America,_ fr,,n i Mr. Ar:hh.ilald
Laing."I
'"Mr Ar.hii.,al, Lat!" hbe crie.l, taken -
by -urpr,i-e. "W'NI, he and Mr. Laytun
were"--
But he suddenly stopped, as thilugh.h
fearful of committing himself.
"WePr ,,'nee fxri-aids," I said, finishing
the sentence, for hini, and, I was certain, -
finiluring it aright. "Yes, I should cer-
taini y say ,":,. Read the cablle-I received." :
And I handed it. to him .
At first he seemed as if he -were disia.-
clined, but he co-duld not master uis c urios--
ity, and after a slight h'e ttatin:It te read
the ne-,: a te, lt he hnaujedt it i:':k to me
with' ut rni~i.-trk.
"Mr .kr,-hih-ald La.ng,"' I ,l. "as I '
daret siay ,:'," have h'-nr'l ,r rt-.'ttl, is one
of ttutrie'R t'avrite- H:. left thiS c[OUn-
try three :-r fr'.il" yeats g,:', andi settJed in
Arnericrn-wbere, I bche-:c, he ias taken
out-lttterr 6f CltuI'ahzLzli'.:''--sLid'Pl]i'nged
Lrito specid:'it...u whith ija! ni.ii- hini a --
nuiiii':iiire No further eileic,:e than
his tin.We ieii't2e L.t ht:eded ti, prove that
he iSa f ntn :,.t vitt Weais. W-y ttdoer he
a-k rne ct., apply t'o .,:.u for inf'-.rnmatitnt
U.iNIci-ruo ii Mr. La-itoLu whit:h I may
pr.-,l.ably tLt'nr to that ttnhalppy gentle- -

"I was but slightly acqu'iinted witbh
Mr. Laing," anqd Mr. Rutiand "Hlie and
I were never friends. I repeat once more
that I have no't iuog to tell you .
-' I recognized then that. I was in the
presence ,.'f a man who, whe-ther rightly
or '.;r,-,tgi,- was not to be moved U 'fri
any decision at which he bal arI nt-.i, and
[ uLe'i-stand tbh:.r'AIJly thle impossible
task set btf.:'eEeit\en juarymtii to win'hia.
over to t h':ir con intn'.oa
"Cast Iarge nothing," I said, "to in.-
dute y:tu t,., speak frely tl e.. .e" .
Nylti:t,'," he repliti.
I spent eitherer quarter of an hour en-
deavoring to prevail upon him, butt in the
result I left his house no wiser than I had'
entered it, except that I was convinced he
knew something which he was doggedly
concealing from me. I did not think it
was anything 6f very great importance,
but it might at least be alclew that I could'
work upon, and I was both discouraged
and annoyed by his determined attit uce. '
On the. following morning, having
paved the'way to further access to Mr.
Edward Layton, I visited the unhappy
man in his prison. He was umnffectedly :
glad to see me; and he took t he opportuan-
ity of expressing his cordial thanks for the
friendliness I had evinced toward him. I
felt it necessary to be on my guard with
him, and I dii nriot. thus' early, imake:any
endeavor to prevafi- upon him to:I accept
me as hlis ciiursel in the new trial which
awaited him. There were one or two
,points upon which I wished to assure my-
self, and I approached them gradually
and cautiously. .
'oAre you aware," I said, "of the extent
of 'the.disagreement mniong the jurye"
"Well," he replied, "we hear some-
thing even within these stone walls. I,.
am told that eleven were against me and'
one for me," -'
'Yes," I-said, "that is so."'
S"A bad lookout for me When I am tried
again, Mr. Bainbridge," he said, .'it is -.
very kind of you to visit me here, and I
think you do so with friendly intent."
"Indeed," I said, it is with friendly in-
tent." .. .... ._
"Is it of any use, .he then said,: "for
me to declare to you that I am Innocent of
the horrible charge brought against me?"
"I don't know," I said, "whether it is
of any use or not', because of "the stand
you have taken and seemed determined te
take."
"Yes," he said, "upon my next trial I -
shall defend mjsetf, as I did on my last '
I will accept no legal assistance r'bhareer.
Still, as a matter of Interest and curiosity .
--lookihg upon myself as If I were some-
body else-tell me frankly your own.opin-
loin '"


/
/


-T'








176


4ioridind.

State News in Brief.
-Another regatta will take place at
Oleander Point on Indian River on July
4th.
-The steamer Governor Safford brought
up 1,900 crates of vegetables from Mana
tee, Clearwater and Anclote last week.
-Colonel Vason, of Tallahassee, solk
one of his fine Jersey calves last weel
for one hundred dollars before it was
day old.
-In less than sixty days Kissimmee
Swill not be in Orange county, but will be
the county seat of the new county o1
Osceola.
-Mr. Cornelius Pinder, of Key Largo
last week, shipped 1,800 dozen pine-
apples. He says he has nearly thai
many yet to cut.
-A contract has been signed with Mr.
H. C. Griffin for the extension of the
Orange Belt Railroad from Oakland tc
Point Pinellas.
-Brooksville seems to be destined tc
be a railroad centre. There is a prospect
of four roads coming here within the
next twelve months.
-A Palatka firm disposes of one hun-
dred barrels of Ocala lime a day on the
-average. This lime is said to be the best
ever used in this State. ,
-It is rumored that the Norris Silk
Farm, under charge of of Mrs. Fox, at
Highland Park, will receive aid from the
United States Government.
-The oat crop in Leon county will be
the largest ever raised. They are about
ready to harvest and the whole crop will
be gathered much earlier than usual.
-A. K. Cutting, the Texas editor who
came near precipitating war between
this country and Mexico, is now said to
be editor of a Florida newspaper.
-Col. George W. Scott, of Atlanta, left
Tallahassee Thursday, accompanied by
two scientific gentlemen to make an ex-
amination of the phosphate deposits in
Wakulla county.
I-The timbers for a hotel at Wakulla
Springs are being cut in that county.
The hotel will be located on the high
ground just north- of the spring, owned
by a New York gentleman.
-Mr. Ruge, of the Apalachicola Can-
ning Company, which employs about 150
hands, gathering and canning oysters, is
in Tallahassee in the interest of a bill to
protect this important industry.
-A Cuban has recently imported from
Havana four fine- looking cows, which
are driven around Key West every
morning and milked at the door of the
purchaser, thus insuring pure, fresh
milk. -
-Mrs. Lizzie F. Carew, is said to have
won from the Secretary of the Interior
her claim to the ownership of the old
military reservation at Tampa, Fla. In
1888 this land was given over to the
State of Florida. and Dr. Carew immedi-
ately entered the lands and took poses-
sion. His death occurred last year, and
his widow, the lady, fell heir to the
magnificent dowery, which is worth at
least $100,000. .
-The prophesy made by the old
settlers of th'be blooming, of the orange
trees in the latter part of May and the
first' of June, is commencing to material-
ize itself' in the Canadian grove just
south of the Ocklawaha House, where
the trees are now putting out a flood of
their redolent blossoms. Should this
become general we may look for, an
abundance of this delicious fruit far in-
to the summer of next year.-Eustik
Lake Region.- :-
--There are six persons busily employ-
ed at the cocoonery, at Highland Park,
as the closing work of the season re-
quires a great, deal of attention. There
are 170 trays still in use, but their num-
ber is fast decreasing, and a( fine lot of
cocoons, of unusual size, are being pro-
duced.. Thirty-four days is the allotted
time after hatching for the worms -to
mature and begin to spin, but these now
spinning have beaten the record, that
portion of their lives occupying but
twenty-eight days. .
-Within a single year Ybor City,- a
flourishing suburb of Tampa, beginning
Sin the wilderness, has attained a pop-
ulation of 2,600, or including Spanish
SPark about 8,000. A large hotel, hand-
some opera house'and one church have
been completed, and the place contains
: seven Stor'es, four bar-rooms and- eight
Coffee houses or cafes. Nearly all the
operatives employed in the cigar fac-
tories take their meals at. these restau-
rants, which are 'redolent of garlic, and
kept by Cubans who speak Spanish al"
most exclusively. Seven-eighths of the
people are foreigners.
-A week or so ago we made mention
of thJe fact that-ouringenious fellow citi-
zen,'. A. McLean. of the wagon manu-
facturing firm of McLean & Burns, had
invented a handy contrivance for cut-
ting washers for vehicles; and now he
comes forward with another invention
" equally ingenious and convenient. This
. is a bolt clipper, having great leverage
" and capable of cutting off bolts in any
position with the greatest ease, Unlike
other clippers, the knife which does the
cutting can be readily withdrawn from
the lever whenever it, needs sharpening.
/ -Brookaville Register.
-,-Parties in -Key West have discovered
a process by which oysters and other
shell fish can be evaporated just aseasily
as apples, peaches. etc., and retain their
flavor Patents have been applied for,
and if successful we will have evaporat-
ed oysters shipped in boxes and bags all
over the world and sold bv the pound.
The discoverer claims that these oysters,
evaporated by his process. can not be
distinguished from fresh oysters cooked
in any ma~aner. It is needless to say
that if this scheme succeeds, the whole
oyster and clam" business will be rev-
olutionized and an important industry
opetied up to Florida.
-Halifax Beach seems to be making
a long stride forward. From an inter-


a


view with Mr. Wright, the secietaiy
and manager of the company, we learn
that a hotel to cost $80,000 will be built
on the peninsula; also a railroad and
wagon bridge will be built this summer,
- connecting the mainland with the beach.
These improvements place Halifax
SBeach as the foremost watering place for
t South Florida. Arrangements are be-
ing made too in the way of amusements,
- and other conveniences for excursion
parties. He promises the people of San-
d ford cheap rates to Halifax, and lots of
k fun after they get there.-Sanford Jour-
a nal.
-At fifteen minutes to 4 o'clock Tues-
e day afternoon the last joint was solder-
e ed in the main pipe of the water works,
f and on to-morrow or Thursday we will
have a test. Our citizens should go out
to the buildings and see what a complete
' plant the company has given us. The
t boilers are the largest in South Florida,
there being two of them each 45 feet
long. The capacity of the engine is
% about 500,000 gallons in 24 hours, and
Sthe connections are so arranged that en-
0 gine No. 2 can be placed without any
delay. Let the fire department turn
! out when it is announced ready, and
e make the occasion a good practice and
inspection day.-Orlando Reporter.
-J. A. Harris, of Ocoee, left at the
Reporter office a few days ago, an onion
Which would strengthen the breath of a
whole regiment of men. This specimen
of the cheerful fruit was grown at
SOeoee, and may be considered a pretty
t fair crop by itself. Its diameter the
Largest way, is five and seven-eighths
inches, and its lesser diameter five and v
Half inches. In onion there is strength.
SThe immense onion brought in by J. A.
SHarris has been beaten a trifle by one
brought in this morning by B. M. Sims,
0 of Ocoee. This one measures exactly six
Inches in the largest diameter, and a
0 trifle over five and a half in its smaller
diameter. It is of the Bermuda variety,
and is from seed planted last December
1 and set ouft in January. Mr. Sims re-
ports that he has plenty more of the
same sort.-Orlando Reporter.

S THE INDIAN KEY MASSACRE.

SCircumstances Attending the
S Killing of Dr. Perrine.
BY MRS. HESTER PERRINE WALKER.
0 (Concludedfrom last number.)
s He carried out his programme to the
0 letter, but much to his surprise he heard
no shot, and the Indian took no notice of
him. After a few moments he crawled
away to the garden, and found the same
Place of concealment as that of the young
Snegress., It is barely possible that the
Indian cared only for the plunder and
was willing to wink at the escape. These
Were the persons that saw my brother
r "as he passed the store."
S Mr. Otis, a carpenter, who had a room
Over the store, received a ball in his side
as. he opened an upper outside door to
- lookout. He escaped by a side door and
- had sufficient strength to enable him to
reach the side of.-the island where the
canoes lay ; he shoved one off, jumped
in and lay down, weak from the loss of
blood. The canoe floated away, borne
along by the tide, and *was discovered in
the morning by the people on the
schooner, drifting over toward the Lig-
num Vitae Key. A boat was speedily
Manned and sent'after him, and Otis
,was found still alive. I think he recov-
Sered from his wound and lived several
years..
The family of our neighbor, Mr. Charles
Howe,.consisting of himself, wife and
five children, at first concealed them-
selves among, the mulberry bushes in his
garden, and then, while the Indians were
over at the other houses and the store,
he had broken off a paling from the
fence, and passing through the opening,
stole silently to the shore and waded in
the water around the wharf where we
were concealed, unloosed a scow and
poled it quietly out to a sail boat which
was fastened to a stake in the false chan-
nel. Abandoning the scow, they sailed
away into the darkness. After beating
about, sometimes coming so near to the
island as to risk discovery,they succeeded
-in reaching the schooner.
When tho Indians-. first came to: sur-
round our house after Mr. Howe's de-
parture, we could hear 'the tumultuous
sound of many voices in loud and rapid
speech together, mingled with theiryells.
It was just at this time they suddenly
became silent, as my father stepped upon
the upper piazza and addres-ed them in
Spantl. The reason why Mr. Howe's
house, shop and negro quarters were the
only ones left unburned is not knpwn
with certainty. Some thought it was
because, prior to the war, when:. the In-
dians were in the habit of corning to the
island to trade, he always treated them
courteously and kindly, and thus won
their friendship.. This would seem to
account for the fact that his house was
not attacked earlier, and they were ena-
bled.to escape so easily. It was also said
that the lndians in ransacking the house
found some Masonic emblems and re-
galia belonging to MLr. Howe, and that
they left them displayed upon a small'
tabie, to indicate to him that his connec-
tion with that order was the reason for
sparing his building. Up to the time of
our escape no other bouse liad been fired.
Thinking that. others might. have been
concealed in the houses, the rest were ajtf
once set on fire. :- .
DR. PERRINE AND HIS FAMILY..
About '2 o'clock in the morning we were
awakened by the Indian war whoop,
accompanied by the firing of rifles and
fall of glass. Father had been spending
the night in a hammock in our upper
hall to watch my sister, whose life for *
t)ro weeks, had been despaired of.
Mother and I were sleeping in the south-
east room, my sister in an adjoining
room, and my, brother had taken his
mattress and laid it upon the floor in the I
hall, as being a cooler place than his own
room. At the first sound all, excepting
Henry, sprang from their beds, and in 4
the darkness gathered at the head of the
stairs. We were not even able' to see


each other, but in sviiSpers fu.t.uiid my
brother missing. On my knees I crept"
to his corner, and holding his mouth
with my hands, so that he should~not
scream,'whispered, "The Indians! cime
quick !"
Rising for an instant to my feet, I
looked out and saw a dense mass of In
dians by the flash of their rifles. [" saw
them dancing and yelling like demons.
Our house was built over the sea, with a
breakwater wall and moat about it, and
a small room at the foot of the stairs had
a trap door by which we went into the
cellar, which we used for our bathing.
The house was two stories, with a cu-
pola, which was entered by a trap door.
We then ran down stairs to the bath-
room, when father said, "I will go' back
and see what I can do." Soon after he
went up, mother called to him as loud as
she dared, "You have no caps to your
rifle." My brother had used them in
hunting. He replied, ': I know it, but I
will see what I can do." I constantly
entreated mother to go down into the
water, but she refused, thinking father
would soon be down. The Indians had
left our house, and hearing them break-
ing into the house of Mr. Howe, which
was directly opposite ours, I said,
Mother, they will break in here and we
shall all be murdered."
We then went into the cellar, passed
through the bathing room into a :small
covered way that connected thecellar
withthe wharf beyond. This was four
feet wide, four feet high and ten feet
long, covered on top with heavy plank,
then covered with marl and rocks and
then planks to make it even with the
wharf beyond, and separated by pal-
metto posts driven deep in the marl, so
that the turtles kept under the wharf
should not have access to the cellar.
Soon after we had secreted ourselves,
we heard my father, from the upper
piazza, calling to the Indians in Spanish,
telling them "he was a doctor," upon
which they gave a shout and left the
house. There had been an epidemic
among the Indians and they had lain in
wait at Fort Dallas, trying to seize the
surgeon of that post. Also, as fishing
smacks from Cuba had smuggled amm.u-
nition to them, they never knowingly
killed a Spaniard.
While they were gone, it was evident
to us from the noise we heard, tha'tmny
father came down and closed the trap-
door through which we had passed, -and
drew a heavy chest of seeds that was in
the room, over it, thinking, no dodbt,
he should be saved and -by thus doing he
might save us. During this time we
heard the Indians breaking into other
houses, while ours remained untouched.
A:&bout daybreak they returned, jupap-
ing upon the piazza, and commenced
battering away at the doors and win-
dows, and we heard one of them say
-"stop that." They then rushed up stairs.
The same voice said "they are all hid,"
"the old man's up stairs." My father
had evidently retreated to the cupola.
Soon we heard them pounding upon the
trap door with most horrid yells. From
its strength, it resisted some time, when
it gave way. One shot was fired, aid
their yells were like demons, and it was
then that their cruel and' heart-rending
work was accomplished. .
We soon heard them breaking crock-
ery, glass, doors, windows, and indeed
everything they could lay their hands
upon, while our trunks and chests of
clothing, boxes of dry goods, groceries.,
.etc., were being carried qver our heads
and loaded into boats, and most of the
time there were Indians sitting over
our heads, talking and giving their oom-
mands. At one time they lifted a board
from the wharf and looked down. .ee-
ing only the turtle, they did not look
toward the end where we were secreted;
had they done so, we would evidently
have been discovered and massacred.
Soon aftersunrise, the Indians, foiled
in trying to find us, set fire to the house.
The smoke began to fill the cellars ;.,tut
did not affect us much until an hour be-
fore we escaped, when the whole house.
fell into the cellar:.- It then became in-
tolerable. It was so thick, that although
clasped in each others arms, we couIld
not see ourselves. At this time the planks
which supported the' rocks over ,ur
heads took fire. We kept our fa-es close
to the water, plastered our heads ith
marl (the fine calcareous mud of the sea
around the keys) and threw the W-t0er
constantly over us to kdep the air in
motion, and to cool it .so that ive cpu1d
breathe. When the plank took fire', we
threw marl upon them to extinguish'the
flames. ,
Henry soon began to scream, when
mother held his mouth with her hunds,
fearing the Indiauns would hljearhimand
I held his arm until he L burst fiom usd?-
elating "he would rather be killed hy
Inrdians than burned to dea:tth." He
forced aside a post, passed through the
crawi and chimbed out of the trap-door
the Indians had thrown aside when they
looked down. We waited in honible
suspense, thinking he would be klled,
and our discovery inevitable. Heaiiug
no noise and knowing we coldti live but
a short time there, mother dJug doi'u in
the marl with her'hauds until she could
draw out the posts from the Ibottom', We
then passed through under the whart,
upon which three cords of wood .,were
burning, and the floor soburned through
that the coals fell upon our necks. I
climbed up on the post and reaching
the lop lay down upon it, and as mother
raised my sick sister, dragged her up
and let her gently d,,w-n into the water
on the other side Lit was then low" tide.'.
then 'reached down and helped my
mother, ., '.'
As we jumped from.,the wharf we
-aught eight ot Henry standing in front
cf Houseman's store looking about. We
then discovered a ship's launch at House-
man's wharf, to u which we waded, beck-
oning Henry to come to us. When about
half way, Sarah said she was dying and
could go no further, begging us to leave
her and escape. Mother and I support'ed,
or I should say, dragged her to the boat,
and as we lifted her in, she lay like one
jead. We then dragged the launch .into
deep water, sprang in and commenced
poling and rowing with all our strength,


until we w, r-r OUt ..,f rifle ,hot of tile
island Through Mr. Goodyear. we after-
war I learned there were six Indians
loading the only remaining boat, with
goods from the store. They had un-
doubtedly stopped to drink, and a -kind
Providence had guided our movements
in escaping at the only moment in which
we could have escaped. We had but
turned the corner of the wharf, when
they came down with plunder, and sup-
posing their boat adrift ran down and
seeing us, returned for their guns and
fired; but we were out of rifle shot. In
our boat was a barrel of flour, a box of
soap, a box of tobacco, a jug of brandy,
molasses, corn, a hat and a, mosquito
net.
We had one paddle, one oar and two
poles, with which to manage the boat.
We went nearly a mile in this manner.
Twice our boat was aground. Henry
knew how to get the boat off and we
were again afloat. He took off his shirt,
tied it to a pole and raised it as a signal
of distress. We were taken up by a
boat from the schooner Medium, which,
as I have before said, was lying at an-
chor three miles off. It was 1 o'clock
p. inm., when we reached her, and there
found those that had escaped. The sail-
or's extra clothes had already been ap-
propriated by the naked people, and for
us could only be found some sheets,
which we wrapped around our bodies,
tying them around with tarred ropes,
and wrapping others, shawl fashion,
about our shoulders.
My story is long, and I will not weary
you with the recital of the great and
many kindnesses received at the hands
of the officers of our Navy, and at Fort
Dallas, with the great kindness of the
people of St. Augustine, to which place
we were carried by the government
steamer, and our final return to our
former home, everywhere greeted with
kindness that can never be excelled.

The Domestic Doctor.
Chronic diarrhoea is said to be speed-
ily controlled in many cases by a sat-
urated solution of common salt in cider
vinegar, the dose being a teaspoonful
three orfour times daily.
Convulsions may be frequently cut
short, like magic, by ttirning the patient
on the left side. The nausea, as an after
effect of chloroform and other aneasthet-
ics, may generally be controlled in the
same manner.-Chicago Medical News.
An eminent physician is reported as
having said that many lives were lost
by starvation, owing to an over estimate
of the nutritive value of beef tea and
,meat juices. In typhus and typhoid
fevers there is no good substitute for
milk- and eggs.
A cure for toothache from dental caries:
Dr. V. Greitfeitz, of St. Galen, warmly
recommends, in toothache from dental
caries, the application of cotton wool
soaked in. an oily fluid obtained by melt-
ing together five grammes of chloral
and one gramme of cocaine. Relief is
cohiplete and lasting. /
Dr. W. Halbert treats felons with' salt
and turpentine, allowing the mixture to
reraalu on the finger several days,
moiktening the salt twice a day with the
oil of turpentine. In the forming stage
of a felon he wraps the finger firmly
with surgeon's silk isinglass plaster, and
applies the mixture over, leaving it un-
disturbed for two or three days.
Hot water is the best thing that can
be' used to heal a sprain or bruise. The
wounded part should be placed in water
as hot as can be borne for fifteen or
twenty m;nut s.'5-nd in all ordinary cases
the pain will gradually disappear. Hot
water applied by means of cloths is a
sovereign remedy for neuralgia or pleu-
risy pains. For burns or scalds apply
cloths well saturated with cool alum
water, keeping the injured parts covered
from the air.
The London Lancet recently reported
a case of hydrophobia which was suc-
cessfully treated with subcutaneous in-
jections of corrosive sublimate, while
the nervous symptoms were controlled
by the hyperdermic use of atropine.
The .existence"of hydrophobia in the dorg
which bit the patient was established
beyond doubt, and the man 'suffered the
well marked symptoms of the same dis-
ease. Further 'observations on the ac-
tion of these drugs in 'this terrible
disease will be, of interest.-Rural
Home. .

JUNE WEATHER.

The following table,-compiled from the reco-ds
of the Jack. onville Signal Station by Sergt.. J.
W. Smith, represents the temperature, condition
of weather, rainfall and direction of wind for"
the month 'of June, as observed at the Jack-
sonville-station during the past 15 years:


tE11P 'WEAiER. q A




F h-------- ---5 %V i- .1 a
H3 a ST?.. ? 3da-i *
l r7- .I" m 1-0 it I ,]l I' i' Ii -0 C -
li-' i aI i 1 *c. o3
117.J 0 ii r '. 0iO 0 1 II I l ll
A7i 1 : 9 1 ,. l i 12 11 4 17 E
18 o7 il 2 8 I1 12 2 'o +7 .W
15'. 1 ,,. C i 1' 14 $ 5 i.,i E
16 : 2,: t le ; 2 li It 4 1 2-. E
l 1". li:, C:, .,' o I. 3 'i z W
i18 i '', S' 14 I '2 .8 AW
1A.82 q,; ,ft 81 7 1; r; c. ll SW "
1iii ',i ,o 7i 17 7. i.i5 .VW
1Ii-. '. i:' ;7 2 1; 1l-r 6 so SW
1,e 5 6, 7' 3 ) ; o t.o '0 ti SW
l.af li 4t7 ?t 3 72 !; t 71 SE


J. W.iM1'ITH,
Sergt. -ignal Corps. t. -. A.


)*
Groves where Williams, Clark & Co's
Orange Tree Fertilizer has been used are
looking finely.'
WILLIAMS., CLARK & CO.

Ladies' Purchasing Agency.
A New York lady of experience and
taste, enjoying the best facilities for
shopping under advantageous condi-
tions, offers her servictas to ladies desir-
ing to secure any kind of wearing ap-
parel, toilet articles or household goods,
at New York prices. Send for circular.
Address Mas. S. S. Jones,
S 1' 9 Gates Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. ,


Wholesale ortwo quartv b lotr Ineni.-
SRa-ishe bring at wholesale 15 to 20 cents
JACKSONVILLE, May 25, 1887. per dozen bunches of seven radishes each.
Provisions. They retail at 65 cents per bunch, or three'
Proso--D .e ,1 .f. bunches for 10 cents..
MA -D. S. short ribs boxed, 8812;D.-S. Live poultry-chickens, wholesale, from 358
tong -lear sides $5 128; D. S. bellies 12%; to 40'cents each; retail 40 to 50 cents each.
smoked short ribs 875; smoked bellies 0 B7; Dressed poultry, per pound-chickens retail,
3 C. hams, canvassed fancy, 12c; S. 0. break 18 to 20 cents. Turkeys wholesale, 1.00 to
fast bacon, canvassed, l1/ce; S. C. shoul- $1.75 each, and retail at 201 cents per pound.
ders, canvassed, 83%c- California or pic- Northern meats retail as follows: Chicago.
nic hams, 8%c. Larda-riflned tierces. 72c; beef from 18 to 25 cents per pound; Florida.
Hess beef-barrels$1050 halfbarrels $575; mess beef 6 to 15 cents per pound; veal 20to 25 cents;
pork $17 50. These quotations are for round pire i to 15 cents; mutton 10-to 20 cents-.
tots from first hands; whole cattle 7%4; "enui-so. 25: cents; sausage, 15 cents; corned .
dressed hogs 8:c; sheep 8%c; pork sausage c; beef 10 cents. '
loins 10c; longbologna 7c; head cheese 6c;
Frankfort sausage 101c; rounds 8c. .
BUTTER-Best -table 23@28c per pound, OUR SPECIAL MARKETS
cooking 15@20c per pound.
Grain, Flour, Hay, Feed, Hides, Ete. Latest Qn1olions of Florida Fruits.
GRAIN -- Corn--The market is 'hi And egetables.
rhe following figures represefit to-day.s The followi ngpeiaidepatees. oy eDeclal
-alues: We quote white corn job lots arrangements with the Foroda Fruit Exr
c bushel; car load lots -uis e per change, are 'en to Ithe TIE -UN"ON rY the-
h{ ;vt ; 1,vt620I~rrbd~t~i aznioftse he Fruit Ex(.bsuge l.U e various -
buhlc pmxedcorn, job lots, 52c n:r bushel agentso0t[e Fruit Eprcbange on the various
car load lots 6c perbushel. Oatl 4t c:tieS. They can be relied upon as accurate.
and firm at the following figures: mixed, Commission Merchants' Qnotallons.
In job lots 4 car lolots42ots 41c; white S,.iil o [ae r-ruE-U,;N[,:.N: I
eatslare 2c higher all round, Bran~steady "'" -=T ,J
nd higher 22 .1,er moon. B. NE.I YORK, My' .2-The -'ouuu'd light
HAY'-Tn ""ri, ". fri m 'd better dfr- re. ipe i of n,-w potatoes cauiee a fiarmer tone
nmand or g.--.i radr. Wet,:rn choice .in t- an'rket, .and pri.:-es nave advanced to
small le.s, .-;,. er 1:.u", car lod t lota i8-i7 a) 3 -', v to.d,,vy for ro-i and d -,.r, bor other va-
to 17;..')pert on': Eai.ernh bs t petr ,:.n. reies; ohol.,:u cucumbers ioid at tIt,4, to.
rEA-iL -Tir- xn DMEAL-3 1- per carrel.p mates $2n2.4'2 squash 5l(l.-i>, Savaunab-
F.o.TR-Hi'l-'er. bpt patentAts A'-J0' r-nar Slj.?. Florida not antdI,-d: choice po
goodftmimt'-'ois,.'i 1": common 84 T3,. tatoe.. cuumoers and to. atoes will con-
PEA--Bi.,c kEye. t jj p.-r OLibei. tinoie to do well. -. .
GROOND FEED-Per ton -24 toS-.5. G PS..ME~.
CoisFE--GrePPn Rio -2> per pound. -- .'
Java, roasItcri,:.-35c; MAlocas, roasted, .32.1-ck: LE&F TOBACCO MARKET.
Rcd, roi.st.d,
CorTO'N SE' E MA.--Scarce and higher. BALTIMORE, May i-'b--Tbe blAtergrades'
Sea islaud or dark meal $2'2 per ton, no-ghi. -f" Mariland tooa':.coare min active demand,4
irshort cotton meal MI2N8''3,:lo.) per Ion. nut the sto,.k i reduced. 'Tnere is iltle de-
ToBACCO.'TrEMs-l[ri''rt quiet ut DIPm @ mand for t.he poorer grades o- Maryland, or
.1:3,N) toIo1iH-', per ton. oibr Westera tobacco. V.riniwa choicesells
LiMs--Eactern, ob loirts i81 00 per barrel, Ala- with Maryland at from 10 to $1i5 per 100.
-oama limeS115. Cement-A&mericau 120), NEW YORK, May 28.-Tne. Western
English $4 75 per barrel. leaf market Is quiet. Pennsylvania selec-
Rric-The quotations vary, according to Lions are in de-and, but the l,ock Is light. Ib
quantity from 36y-c per pound. .- tases a vei'y fine artoole to oring 15.
SAlT-Liverpool, per sack, S100; per car Havana tuobci-c is v.-ry ac aetlI' at prices
load, 85@90c. r, angin from cents to 81.10 per pound.
HiDEos--Dry dint, cow, per sound, Brst Suma!ra is quiet atll.-0 lo$1..5) per pound.
niazs, 2.l'<1:.; and country dry salted ll(i- ST. LOUIS, May 26.-Tne demand is
lic; butwheis dry sa5ited9.i,9';C. Skns--Deer good. and the market firm In all -rades.
ELi,' 17c; ElFted li il12. FurQ-Otter, winter, RICHIOND, May .-Lugs are selling at,
eaReh'2.-.i'; raccoorD 10,'.20c;: wld cat 10,i'0c; from 3 to, cents, and Ileaf from to 12. Good
lox lai5i. R, Beeswax, per pound. Iec; wool grades in arliv c, requst.
free frbm burm 2L.ioi:AC; barry, 10,4le;5c goat
4kinn lO.i03 apiece. SAVANNAH COTTON MARKET.
Country Prodeuce. __
OBE-SE.-Fine Creamery i6 per pound., SAVANNAH, M6ay '2X-Th-e iplandCotton.:
LivvPoLTRY-Liimited supply and good Market closed frni at the following quota-
demand as follows:, hens 45c; mixed S5c;,nalf- tions: :
grownZc. They are scarce and ingreat de- Midd|lnig oir.................. ..... 10.13-16 ". .
'mand. --itod middling 109-1 -
EGGs-Duval County 17 per dozen with. IlddlJoi .... 1 -16-
limited demand and good supply. Low middina............ .......... .... 101-16
IRB'S POTATOES-Northern potatoes $2 90 ,Go.od ordJnar.. .... 913-16
to 83 00 per barrel.
Olq0oNs-Bermudas, 6 00 per crate; per ;-The net receipts, were 105 bales;gross re-
barrel 6375 to $400. ceipts 108 bales;- sales- ales;stockatthi
Florida cabbage; $175@200 per-barrel. They port 10811-bales.. n. ".
are a drug on the market. Exports to the Continenl- exports coast-
N.WYOR. BERTs-Good supply at $250 per wise50. .
uarrel SEA XSiMAin cOTTON. "
N BEETs-Florida, per crate $2.00 .-A SAN co,,o. -'
CAULIFLowEBs-Per barrel, 0 and $175 -The market is quiet and'nomfnal at un-
per cprate cnaneed quotations. Little stock for sale and -
TOmATOES-Florida, per crate, 75c to $150; cearcely any. a. -a g.
LakeWorth,$2655to 3625. Common Flordas1
NORTHERN iTURNiPs---GOOd supply .at$2 25 ledIu.............
per barrell^ G ood2 ,eGumo....... d........................ 17....
per barre. ""...te 2 "r "Medium fine 19
SquAsH-Per crate, $125. M2d.um fine i
SNA %iABEANS-Per crate,'$1 00. Fin e................... -
NEW POTATOS-Per' barrel, 683 00; per crate, Extra dne-...... 22
$125, with good demand. O"oice
COcumBERS-Per box, $2 00. .. '
Foreign and DomestiC Fruits. SPECKL.E PEAS CLAY;PEAS.
PRuNEs-French, 12c..
PINE APPLES-$775 to $2 00-per dozen. ...N PEAS .
",EMdNS-Messinas,$400per box. UJNI',:WJN PEAS. .
APPILEs-New York $5 50. to $6 00 per barrel ,
SFiGAs-InPlayersinc.Boxes c FralsT7c. Greatest Vine Producers on the Market. ..
DATzs---ersian--Boxes 9%; ,Fr"ail
GzRAPEs-Malagas;,$5 00-per keg.
ORAxiaEs-Florida-Per oox8'875to6500. .3 TSIZiAG-G CO .R3SF.
BANANAS-Good supply; frolii,,7c 'to 62 00 .
per bunch.
NuTs-Almonds 18c;'Brazils 12c; Filberts Ensilage Cutters.: (Silos, made in
(Sicily) 12c, English walnuts, Grenobles, 180; ,,, : .' ~
Marbots, i5c; Pecans 12c; Peanuts 6c; 'Sections.)
Cocoanuts $4 50 per hundred. .
RAISINS-London layers, $250 per box. Everything to Plant at Bottom Prices. ;. -
jRANBBBRIS--275 per crate; $10o00 per E : G
barrel. SO. SEED CO., Macon, Ga.
BuTrz-E-Creamery 20o; Extra Dairy Ellis, President .. "
ft6c Dairy 15. k J E -,.Prs.e
d RSE-Haif skim 10c, cream i~c per Send for treatise on ensilage and Silos.
pound.


Retail.
The following quotations are carefully re
vised for Wednesday's and Saturday's paper
from quotations furnished by dealers in the
City Market.I
Carrots wholesale at 83 00 per barrel, and
retail at 50 cents per peck.
Green Onions wholesale at 60 cents per
hundred, and retail 5 cents per ounch.
Florida Cabbage wholesale 20u per barrel
-nd retail at 5 to 10 cents.
Quail wholesale at 10 cents each and retail
St 15 cents, or two for a quarter.
Oranges wholesale at $3 00 to 5 t) per box;
and retail am 5 cents.
9Spilage wholesales at75c per bushel and
retails at four quarts Ior ., 5 cenrs.
Sweet Potatoes.wholesale at 60 cents per
bushel, and retail at 5 cEnts per quart.
Lettuce wholesales at 15@20 centsper dozen
beads, and retail al 5 centa per bead.
Parsnips wholesale at $2 75 per barrel and
retail at iour and five for 10 cents.
Robins wholesale at, 6 cents each and retail
at lOcedta.
Celery wholesales at 50 to 60 cents per dozen
and retaisat three to four stalks for 26 denla,
according to size. I.
Eggs are In fair demand. Daval county
eggs are quoted at wholesale at U11 cents
per dozen, and retail at 20 cents.


R; N. ELLIS,C E. A. E. MCCLURE, Architect.
ELLIS & McCLURE,

Architects: :& aivil Eni, ors,
Pjsus for
HOTELS, PDBLIO & PRIVATE BUILD-
INiS, SANITAtRY ENGINEERING, &0.
P. 0. ox 7"4. Rooms 7 and S PalmelttoBlock
Bay Street.
JAOKSONVILLE, Fb,.


FREE, ONE SAMPLE COPY. '
Before yon decide where to go in SOUTHEI
FLORIDA, sed for a sample copyof
THE ORANGE GRO.E.,
You will find better and .ehaiier bargains In
MANi-'rM County In groves, farmri, ranches of
any size. Building lots on'railroad,.r-lver or sea-
side. The proprietor of"The plange rove," Is
an "old tumer," but nbither J6sS biack'l.or hide
tound; he Is here to stay and 'There Is millIons
In it." Three MillIons of Acres on his Books. -
Address, TEE GROVE, LIVERPOOL..FLA. i.-


.... i,


FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. JUNE 1, 1887.


"We Know by Experience."
For three years we have used Brad-
ley's Vegetable" Fertilizer. After test-
ing along with other high grade fertil-
izers, we pronounce it better than any
sold in Florida. We shall use it again
this year.
We do not hesitate to say to the vege-
table growers of Florida that they can-
not use anything so good as Bradley's
Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. We know
by experience what we say regarding
this fertilizer.
WOFs'ORD & WiLmER.
Ft. Mason, Fla.

Seed Irish Potatoes.
The best potatoes for planting in this
State are those brought from extreme
Eastern points. Acting on this belief,
we imported last year'from
NOVA SCOTIA
large quantities of Early Rose, Chili
Red, Beauty of Hebron and other varie-
ties, and the potatoes raisedl from this
seed, were the finest we have ever seen
here.
We will receive, in afew days another
cargo of the same potatoes, which we
will sell at the following prices:
Chili Red........per barrel $8.50,-
Early Rose................. $8.00.
Beauty of Hebron......... $.00.
Every barrel guaranteed as represented.
Remit with order, and we will ship the
potatoes promptly.
CHURCH ANDERSON & CO.
Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 5th, 1887.




SAOKSONIVILLE JiIA.RKETN


AL ROYAL11





















Absolutely 'MPure.:
This powde never varieA. A inarvel ot
put, strent,7_h and n51-sn,- ,E.Mre-
ecnoi alha the ordinary, kIndJs. and
Cannot be sold 1i ,.n pt~ionW trb the
multitude of low teste hort w-ibt Iall., ..i
1 h te powders. l r -'-,' o n i -n-7,
.11yA, BACKING POWDER CO., I'd \Wa I St...
New,`York.

Boston ru r~rowfkl squashes wholesale at,
62 50 per barrel, retail ait 5, 10, and. 15 cents
each.
New Y'ork tIri~ potatoes n-nolesale at*2 76ito
12 90 per barrel an s rE ail at I0 cents per quhrt.-
Northern beets are wottb woulesane 8$-50
per rarrei, and ita `1at0fcents pe-r quart,


f.


-/-