Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055763/00021
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1887)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 3 v. : ill. ; 50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: C.H. Jones & Brother
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: May 18, 1887
Publication Date: 1887-1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 5, 1887)-v. 3, no. 3 (Jan. 16, 1889).
General Note: A.H. Curtiss, editor.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000454290
oclc - 11040152
notis - ACL6442
lccn - sn 95026760
System ID: UF00055763:00021
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

Full Text





GRAPE CULTURE FOR FLORIDA. when they have attained the length of
'--- ___ six or eight ini.hes rub off one of them
F and tie up the other to the stake. At
l.-The Planting and Early Care the first plowing plow crosswise and
Sof a Vineyard. lengthwise, using a common turn plow
01 a.and bedding in the middle until you
BY PROF. E. DUBOCiLS. reach the edge of both holes, when -you
Some time ago there appeared in the stop. Y hae nothing more to do be-
FAP..HER .'iD,.FRUIT GROWER an art icleflore fall, except to cultivate the vines.
on grape culture in Florida, signed by ho them and tie hem tip to the stakes
Mr. B. F. Marshl, which, I am afraid, as they"grow.
gave the readers the impresion that In behcember. when all vegetation is
grape ut ier was a rather complicated o, ir, prune your vines down to about
gand expense undertaking. one foot. and rub off all buds except the
ond u expesive au ixpendertakit g. l; :
According to Mr. Marsh's directions three uppermost. Ifome vineshavent

As^ te metod oftrainnK th madee a sufJ.,:ietj [f-u>LI-i'o1tl thert ea
for planting the ries, as iven n that .ade a sufficient jgowthi the drst year,
article, Ve il r haVetO PutImIa hule,' which isay les than t, o and a half f-..t. cut
is no ove hae toofoot de afour, quarts if them down to one eve. Noi ajpllv twr,
isouno ovone.ith (o pI. fournquArts t handful Ot teltiliz,,r to each virue plow
ground tone-, with one quart cit coniuer-
cial ferthilizer aml a talf bushel of -table both way. acd it will be t-ime: t.F-Ut t1
mnaelre asia top drewsin. This w ill ttie :"i ill" i-
only cause an esxpeuilitiire if v ep r t eii, live oak., pot oak. i.cafla_,
perr iacre. tint I s -ides. Iul up all e t'' or it i .:f the ahot --atilo tI.e
thereni b ae tih btane d ielni. us lih twrooli pest; se-e
the v nes. bant-,iiin u ot ecu
As to themethod of training the v-es feet lra g ,catn Ie used. Leave thlre
and, putting up the trellises adopntd at l ine t.-.iet" the ipOt-, tg ychUr l_-os'
advocated eb %r. Mtarsh. arnd which i' w t- feet Jfee.p patk ii-.o al ntiace -tile
known as the Fuller Sy'stem. notwith- two cud p ,ost3. At. trLe tsrellis, si it-
standlin Mr. Nlar'- asierthn that it fici-ult. Tll low-r w ilte shculJ 'ig t to
iworksf aefo ra o n t de.e ifol and a half teet fior the ioralund and tLe
wok3admirably in p1.eiac-ra," I tfInn D) ccnlina-Ia lt-irbreie
that it WOink ate rhaL o ,-, yiaper uonly., g ve, a, one an. a d hal l -fetabnv t hue
that it Vr otu alson lishou nly. f. I f wlier, making the tipeellis four fe I
in fa.:t, whate-r may wie the skill of the ai bain th the follo
vine drelser hel will not bi a i t) mako high.
three vtines out of ten kep, for three The nest ,ring most if your vine.
consr.uc'ie -eaI s, the shape given in wl-ich %,ere lett pruned t .-, thl bud.s,
your illustration. In mist mn.stancev will put out tires eho:,,:,t'. Rub off tl,e-
where the vines are tied horizont lily to weakest and to- up tet two-oteis to the.
the trellih, the fist buds at the curves of stake. Wheu they re-ach the thirst wire
the canes from the stem and the last f",';een them to it only a f.,v inrchbs from
ones at tue extremity of the canes will each othzrand pinch off all the tendiius
develop rapidly' and vigorously, wbde which might entangle and break the top
the centre buds will staid t slowly or not of ihe young LhootN. Be 4ure. also, of
at all, and no matter whether you pinch puil;&i out all suckers coming out of
off the flower or not, there will never be the ground. Thus far all dire-tions
equality in the.strength of'the young given-apply toabyarn dall vailtie-, but
canes. Very often also, without any now we- have to proceed differently in
apparent cause, the sap will flow more dealing with each one of the following
abundantly in. one ofr er.Asied_ to ;c-gygs.jL-u s: --. .
the trellis, and then -again your vine will MloItoff V1E.abruscas isucli as COn-
come our of shape.- cord,Ir. Martha, Perkins, (Chamipion),E

had with good pruning, and when
the t-rees continue healthy their vigorous
growth and good bearing condition may
be indefinitely prol..nged by judicious
pruning and prope-r cultivation.
A few days since a friend pointed out
an orchard to us that had been closely
pruned each year and had not tailed
a crop' for five or six years, while
orchards near by and under just as fa-
vorable circumstances had failed for at
least half the time, and when fruiting
gave only a light ri-cp. He claimed Ilhat
the shlioitening in made tle wood hardier
and thi- trees being planted closely
together iu a huri.h wee a consDiderntble
piro-cttoU to tliWi-mseles. WVe 'ay plant
cliose--nt over tw e to fIoui't-Leu fe-et.
apart. and c-ut back rtr,,ug'ar F put only
planted ciup- amorugI them tior a year or
tw.:, iu.I then ie the groi-iund to the
orchard. k- titli., it well r-ultivat-,:.
--- i-*- ---
The Strawberry Guava.
('an ai[y of oLL]' Sct-ith Fitihid reailcr:
ider, iiiv th'- \, in'ly (AL 'iava rete'iedI t'
iU tie ubl'i,iri,:d article P _rh.il it is
ti' -'atil le-. We + ildo M l ike an ac':ounut of
all the vaii,.tik- that are know in this
S.tati t. e one fu-nd a arie'y In tlou
Ja-ks,.n ill., nmar'let c-';i-d ei:- pr-,penrly
thte -t in,.i:r giiav.a. On .tew u'ifg it it wa-,
fo,"md ithat no- amount :t ugar would
overct'me the vineCaIv tflavor. \astIthis
e-ver used for uak!tg vinegart: Tri,- fol-
ic-v. -wing was c,.:,mmunicated by T J.
Swatvie t., the Riulal t-'alifornian :
)tf ihe three varietie-s :.u ny place, I
have discarded the white as about use-
_.':, and find the Golden Ur "Pear
shiaped." very tender, ripening in the lat-
ter part of .winter and useful only for
jelly. The Stiawberry .ua'a I consider
Essentially tie most di-sirable as it can
be u-ed iii various ways, tresh, cooked or
canned, and the domestic--jelly jar su-
'perior- to.aeA ofr.lhme'iwpfta*aiS1
ever eaten. I am satisfied t he oliagbe
and -young shoots will wirhstan'- even'
,_ 1_ ^.1 hn Hi~r n ^ rt- o-f tho^ o-tf nrt.^ a nd'

I haveI looked in vain f.or a systl-am of ei t. iiU a n i- l U so L fl'J,* s ,i .01' b, Uit-ll J. llo d u lun0 util et i n foa Ig U1
training and pruning applicaible to all iGoethe, Lindley, Wlder, etc.i will pro- in the vicinity of the seacoast, or damp
the varies of grapes Prof. Hussman duce mile and" finer fruit on tendrils localities, produIe- much cleaner results,
tells us, in his book, that he has been Lthan oi main c3ati' s it not more profitable, than the orange,
taught by a cow how- to prune his La- -Estivlis iCtyntliana. Norton, Herbe- and I have yet to learn of .anv trouble.
bruscas,-but as the.cow failed to trim mout. Cunningham, Lenoir. etc. i Ripa- with -mut" or insects. ,.' J.
off any of his Estivalis his dire. lions rias and eros&,es of Ripanias and Labrus- Its abitm of growth is ct but if
about the pruning of the latter are cat linton. Elvira. Noah, Missouri Ries- pinnued to onE stem will i .., low-
pretty much mixed up. A great many ling. ec i, will fruit better on spurs on limbe.i tie of teu to tL -C feet iu
varietiecs have been considered iant old wood. he-ight thle highest in thi- r .'nhtv-. Its
bearers for want of proper pruning, and Some authorl. ine'ude the Southern di- small, white and very ft vht blossom
since I mention ied the name ot Prof. vision otf Etivalts tHrbemont. LeLnoiri-, appears little lat, r thau' that of the
Hussman. I will sav with him: ""The C'auningham. etc.' in the firit category, oiauge, the fruit beginuin.o to ripen in
grape grower, of all others, should be a buit we found that they require thie same September, continuing thli,ugh Decernm-
close observer of nature, a thinking and treatment as Noi ton an, (- ynthiana. ber, thus giving a long shining 'eaton.
reasoning being." A third category of vines hear more I consider the shipping qualities aobve
For those who contemplate setting out orn main canes and consists of Delaware. that of the best strawberry, blai.kberry
a vineyard andl want the cheapest, and Alvey. lona, Rebecca, Eumelan, Cataw- or currant, but would recommendwrII
at the'same rime the most effective, ba, Black Eagle, etc.. which are crosses ventilated crates t,.r that purpose. The.
method of planting, pruning and train- of either Viuifera andl Labrusca or Vini- beet flavor however, like other small-
ing the vines, I will give briefly that tera aund _-Estivalis. f tuits, is found %hen tho',:-,ghly rtpe
pursued in our San Luis and Andalusia In my nest article I will speak about aud Iresh picked, at which h me it is of
vineyards, the pruning and training of each cate- a dark purple color, and -- .,enerall'
Run your rows six fet apart, finom go'y. rehslihedl from the fist, increasing in fla-
north to south, if possible, so as to pr-. SAN Luit ViNLrY.ED, vor. and being, if any different, more
mit the breeze in summer to circulate Near Tallahassee, Fla., May 10, lx:1.. dige-tible and wholesome than a well-
"through your vineyard, and also that I-- --- l opened fig. -
the sun maty not shine on your grapes at Pear Blight in Florida The bushesare heavy bearersand when
the hotlest time of the day and scald ear l n lo a. the soil is kept moist by monthly irriga-
the most tender sorts. Plant Norton. A Floti ida correspondent of the (ar-
Cynthiana, Concord, Herbemont and denei's Monthly, writing from OrLmond- k
other strong growing varieties, eight on-the-Haiiifas, gives some unwelcome L
Sfeet.apart in the rows. For Delaware news in. (regard to the pear. He says: B
.and most of the European varieties a It has beenL generally conceded th't. ,
Sdistanre of siLx, and even five, feet is suf- the two great recommendations of the :'
: ficient.. -- LeConte pear are. that they may be "i e
Dig your holes about two feet square easily piopagated from the cutting and ~S ,''
b. by-. eighteen inches deep. In digging were never known to blight or die back, -
put on one ide the surface soil and on as frEquentiy happens to other valities .
the other the earth that comes fio,,m the of the same fruit. But decided symp.
: b6tl-om 6 thie 'hole.- When your holes tomws of this disease have appeared in
are all dug, stick a stake four and a half Suwanee county, and rehiahle gentlemen =
-- o five feet. long in the middle of each said they noticed it in the groves of
--_o.le,-,.uig.,ai.aden line to have all of Madison and Tallahassee. The writer
Sthe stakes, ini' straight row. Then pro- made a critical examination of Colonel -
ceed and tread down the earth gently Blackburn's fine orchard at Live Oak, : --'-
around the, vibes, the di ler the weather and found a half dozen of the largest -" i -
_themorefirimlyyoupack. Whenallthis bearing trees almost ruined by this dis-
has:been done the holes will lack about astrous bliglit. As many as twenty long PL
eight inches of. being full-as they limbs on a single stock had perished, PASALM
should be left for the present. In very and the bark of the main trunk was -
andy soil, where there-is no clay sub- splitting and seemed to have lost its vi- tion and a reasonable amount of- fertili-
sod, instead of.eighteen inches, plant tality. zer used, if not tooover-loaded, the fruit
:two feet deep. Vines planted deep are will grow to the size of or larger tban an
less liable to diseases. How to Make Peach Trees Ba English walnut. About nine feet is a
S Layers or vines rooted from short cut- OW t ake eh Tgood distance to set the plants apart
-. ting and set out as recommended by There are not so many new things un- however they can be set halt the space
'.some authors, say six inches deep, will der the sun as some people think. In one way, and on becoming too close by
S spread theil' roots .horizontally near the the Dispatch of May 9, the summer growth, every other, one can- be trans-
.:..sur-face of- the soil, add %'hen a-dfouith pruning of : peach",.trees to stimulate planted after fruiting, which begins at
S-comes those roots, not drawing frori the bearing is gravely announced as a new two years from the seed, as they-.are
-.ground the usual nourishmiantpian4adisicovery. We think som.of the old hardy in that respect also. '
by the vines, the who-jn if the peach growers f N n Florida With me the local demand for the -
- .:_ y.th i e t e w o e'g g r~ ~ e c r era of N r Florida ""i a .-.... '
S plants will beseriousLt6iffected and kin- would smile at this. In PopulIarGarden- fruit, for two years, has bee inadvan'ce -
-'-"lred diseases'will--eue. By not filling ing. -we find- this and other points-per- of the supply, at a price averaging fiye
-bW- Bif'ile6 at'one'.you erposethe low- 'laiing to thepepah treated as'-follows: cents per pound, or not I-es than ane-.
Soot toa greater degree of heat, The tendency is well known to throw. dollar per hush-l at fouryearstrom set-
'.-*hj..bjh accelerates their growth and de- out large branches, which lose their Oing, and if I had unde.rstoo.Qd its needs .
- velopm [side shoot-and become bare poles, with then as I do 'now, have no doubt the
..-E: b- e tpm.e W.... il oie R -" -. [ i~ h n b c m a e [ e y l wo ld .v .- ....... ube. I ....'
-.. :Somenrimesn'.,April, when th'vines fruit and leaves near.the end only. Re- yield would. havebeen.double. ,I am.
rl in( sie C~lla araningto- plant several acr-es, inns.
--;-have area dy-putout young shoots, and' ferring to this tendency, some cultiva- arranging to plan eral acres, thus
e-;.the &sufaceof .hV holes.is carpeted with '-tors d6 notCillow ahv of tl ese branches -_sbhoing.my'faith byn-i4yw;bY ."[ s.
a.aa:'.- d46:e.pgroth'of gr'sss:youmay sprinkle'-'on their trees,-to-Xeste'nd mdre ..-than five -.. --"- ..--
--ov':e:. -;v.fiia.t- :a s dfu-a- l'a.f__bfo fertilizer- feet from .he centre;-, as-hardiy more -It is about time' for pur, e.p.eriment.a]
.-.-'-':anid. cover 'ifith four or five--i'fches than two -fee, at, the outside, ever- bear seedK*heat 6 beharvesdted. -Tne parries- v
-=7;- .of;eartb.'--Iw.theiegrias,6 il wi.ed iire'tio -fruit.h With this care the trees- at any wio owed are requested to report as' ,to. .i
-2--. hrh-iJha-ve them cut down firstCw-th-she- age need-'never have a spread otimore results, which-wewish.to. publisb,.with.
s-'"-2-oee--"'" --" th- .n .--_ h'6ten feet, under the manhgeient an'accompanying illustration. 6nd f .o-a !
A.l]ow.eatfirst. two.aho.ots tb& grOw pdruning. Finer rrit willbe 'couit'of the disc'ovcly. A'. 1'0H t,',1

g-.. -i ner Ou
5_.,r:::_ -g:-.='~ i -= _: -." "'--.. .'-:g --" t .. .. ;- : = -:- ..."-
: -:-. .=..-:- .,-:::. -- .;_ :.. : -._ -.- .. .L. -= : .- -4' -- : :' --- -= -" "-..
+-' ...- ,... -. ._ .. .. .. .- : --. .---_-'-. .. .


An Excellent Variety jor
.-Sward and Low Pastur
A common complaint of Nortl
on coming to Florida, or to ith
tions of thlie South, is that their
gr3Es.-such as. they have been
tomed to-no green sward or turf
defiiency is a very serious one, fc
plies lac k of good ,pastures and me
There are hundreds of kinds of g
grasses at the South. lut scarcely
themI have the characteristics whi
farmer or landscape gardener de,
a g"rass.
We shotild bear in miud. hwn_-v
all thie meadov: gra-., ci Thi'h h
-ni ichrd [he North were introduced
Eiiil.'e. Tb'es fact ucc-a-.t to uis
lie\e that in mt-re iouthein Ia
othlr gia-.;es ilay be touund which
yet en'ricLh the So.iithi. S*-.me lhav
intlrodiireld alreLdy, wih ich tai:e V
thlie ,il, : other., no doubt, will
futulite ree-rirch.
Oft the r.ank-cgrowing rra%.s'-'. i
for cutting wvithi lie iitichle., we
g--od varie-ty already. These, shi
cultivated t'y evf-ry one nwho has
or cow 10i fe1ed,, obsrvitg as to
the precaution- mentioned iy onr
nary authoitiy on tnothel page.
are various clores--.-oe ohi wi
hIave decilibedl aii illuitrated-
pronjmise to be of gleat seCi vil-', Cesp
asgieen fertilizeis. If anything i
ing in iour list of piontising storage
it is. a good giass fror "\iuter ilas
Ev-n of these there are i- several
give good promise, especially the
blue gras..
A lack to which we have allud
fore is a good lawn grass. The

'M |...- 1

-. .I



'** **


- "
"LA -T. 7 LE. : e- -.
and Indt"nc6o.efm' may-setve for a
gri!eiawi.h'd;:'afdd by. m ing blue
.'wiritbhthq4-e believe the result,'
.he qit.-Blipsifactory;- .especiailY -d
thejwite.,apnthp. .'Some poMur.
grai.se:ve-. very ,gop64purposi
grraa iS 'thiuch :u..c-u.titated in, tvdwns
A'' .'einie.tu i f.grassvwe'.lfio'w

18, 1s87. PRICE $2A YEARt
"* .- _--, :'; f v.-_ s.~---. --*:- ,
RASS. -This grass, f,-.r which we know lio | Tie "**Johnson'- isudobtedl--thie -.
name except PaS)lathoi plhfyci/ale, is to best hay and pasture grass thaLan'.be -
Green bIe found throughout northern Florida. raised in ibthis section -It grows alTost -;
-es .By the aid of our illustration it may be three teet high and every inch of it is .-
e recognized almost any ninth in the digestible, there heing- ab6lutely..na-
hbrners year. It hasasle(nder anrd very flat culmi woody fibre, and-as a hay.-.and pasture -
er por or- stem, and from the sheaths of the grass it has proven by analysis.to-be 20
e is no leaves several filiform seed stems isi-ue, per cent. better'thau the best timol'hy.
accus- as shown in the cut, which represents a After a stand has been secured it-will.'
f. This young stage of growth. Late in the last several:years before lenewal, raising
lr t in',- season uas mnan.vas four stems will be three'or four ccOpsa year. It is seeded
aadows. found issuing from asinglesheath, rising in the fail and spring, and in this :cli-
ernuinea a foot orno in be;ght. I. is veirvabundant mate is harvested tihe .'year.iound.-'."Mr..,
arny of iun Whaldo., and we wish some one there Diavids feels much encouraged by the re-
igh the would offer rorits of 'it and Japan clover suits he las secuted and should be con-
sires iun for. sale. We noticed in a MliIssisippi granulated uron the establishment of
paper an tadvrtisemruet of ierpedeza what promises to be one of our greatest
er. that .Jaopan celoe-ri arfl-pEi thousand. In faimiung industiies.
arve '-o hii-,alti.-- it c-ould he -,iTforilel for that, -*
ed fiom but teie are nirny wh:. would pay that Value of Marsh Grass.
S to be- price per hiindJ.J-., f.:r ,a hen once bst.irt-,d E,, ,," ,,,ri' ,! .ot *i, ,, P,,, I G',.a'r-
tidu.leS it imtitil iI Iap idly a sod o it isb withtir.- ih t tain s'e d nlte infer
h will turf gras we ha. d.ri.ed, mat ion iu rlatin to the value o salt
w.el' toen A. -. marbh gl'ras ;i f.-:cd for cattle sheep,
Iv" eantd --- r.-t,. Ilhaveinirr.nttlda ma.:hiiiefor har-
iar CLEARWATER HARBOR FAIR. t.-,_-( ti ,li.- aui 1iepla.-riugi it for
ital. ,l the- sI.i, whi:hi I lihiae talin preliimiuary
hav a A Creditable Exhibit or Grain ti- t% :1.tut tli._,-uh MN 1n.I& -Co., of
ul and Fo g Cros tlie Scietji Ameni,:an.
,ud be and Forage Crops. idea s to ciut the.gia;s ofien. be-
la i 'h, se Ei.,.. F..-.,i F.1,,,. (i-,' ..,.'-7...- ,. fore it lbe'ci .Ieo oody, -ind thus secure
ret1i- Et..l-.ed pl_,a-. find -petie men ot tim:. ir -r now useless salt marslhesan al-
Thi Met exicano. cr S[..:i li I c.'ller'" taken most unlimited quantity of succulent
i fe, ., an exhibit at t It. C'h:arwater Harbor food available for use all the year. If.
h1. wUe Fahir, *'tli inrt. WVill you please state? if thi- gra- i' as rvaluiaft:le as have been
-:i ah the noine is coriee-t [It is.]- ld to believe it to10 he, this invention.will
Sl. i i Wih the greeu clover eshibite-d, there 'eatep a uew industry, viz: Cattle rais-
lt wa also the- prodiu t of a 'ingi' root ing *.u a large scale on our coasts and
F' tu making a bundle about as large ai a sea islands. MIARENH GRasS.
triage. bushel-bhasket. Ttji hadl been killed by Ja,-iONt1LLE. May 9. 189'.
T the t teoitf, ladt winteraul had remained .We have known persons to cut marsh
I n thie field uuti the day of the fair', yet gras. regularly tot-feeding horses, but
1,d be- -n -offering a pait o It to a- b oie a well ,s to its nutritivevalue we have no posi-
JI'an k.-pt ,nel he ate it with apparent relisli. ti;ve knowledge. In behaLf.of our cor-
Ti The exhibitor spoke very highlV of this respOndent..Pnd.,of.,the "drlwellersby the -
clover, but had a4 ,fficint. atpeinc.ea.e.siin .the.w r .h ---
_, g ..- IC e .,less a y,-ing -^ >'
ei-seM e aure.e'hd
-- The daitw a.Edetded success espePeci- growth of marsh grass can be. obtained
S all% a tiothe dl.St '6 -gvegetahles ani we do uot think it can be wiolesomi
forage plant?. A ;Ij.had.sO.mething to.do feed, but by frequently cutting it a sufr-
with the latter, will' write of it in par- ficeienty tender growth may probably be
ticular. obtained. Thesubj'-ct deserves investi-
One exhibitor lad in his display oats nation, for there is a va-t amount of this
and Iice from the crops of 'S and 'I';, material on the Florida coast which is
tGuinea grass and pea vines. One sheaf continually going to waste.-A. H. C.]
of oats of this year's crop stood fully h-1e 6__ ~,...
feet high, and the rice frown last year h o S Ga See.
w-as nearly as tall. These were grown When to Sow GraSS, Seed..
onr, pine land. .. A corlre-pondent of the Southern C'ul-
Another exhibitor had oaIs, rice, peail tivator. writing from Savanunah, esay
umillet, crab giasi hay in bales, and ca.ine Experience has proved that August, or
fodder, all grown on pine lan-. Others early iu n ptember. is the best.t.ime to
hadcrab graas hay, oats. lice and Guinea sow c)orass seed. When sown at this
grass. time there is a gain of- a season, as
The w hoieexhibit oi forage plants was clover. lucerneand several of the grasses
conclusion evidence that it is entirely will give a cutting the following spring.
unnecessary to send a dollar from our Should there be a failure of the seed, an
State for hay. There is land in almost opportunity to re-sow will occur the fol-
unlimited quantity that is especially lowing February and March. But it is
adapted to the production of oats and wise thau useless to sow upon a
rye in winter and rice in-summer, to oay parched ground or during a drouth.
S nothing of pea vines, crab grass, etc. Grass seed sown late in the fall, is lia-
I have just harvestedil our second crop blei to be killed in the woter. If the
of oats from thie same piece of land farmer cannot sow early in the fall, it
which has also produced a good crop of will be wise in him to defer it until the
rice, and all within eighteen months, ordinary time of -'owing spring oats.
and in a few weeks.it will be planted to Each planter, therefore, m'ust be govern-
T / rice again, I apply a little cotton seed ed as to time of sowing by state of soil
meal to each crop, and estimate that the and atmospheric conditions.
-t fertilizer and labor come to about one- When the ground is properly pre.
-. hirlf the value of the crops raised, allow- pared, it should be very lightly marked
.71, ing nothing for the superior value of off in lands of such width as may be con-
this forage-as compared with the dusty venient to sow. For an acre so laid off,
and often musty hay we have to buy take the proper quantity of seed, divide
from the North. A. L. DUNCAN. into as many parcels as lands, then sub-
SMjILWAUE.LF GROVES, DUNEDIN, Fla. divide each parcel into two.equal parts;
May 2, 1887. with one of the small parcels proceed
from one end to the other of land, sow-
A Hay Farm in Leon County. ing; then, returning over the same
lands, sow the other half, and so on
The following from the Floridian throughout the entire field. Thus an
shows progress in the right direction equal distribution of seed may be effect-
Mr. John B. Davids, called at this ed and an even stand of plant obtained,
office during the week and left us a Grass seed, however, should not be
couple of specimen bunches of the sown while the wind blows. After
famous "Johnson grass" which he ts pro- sowing the seed never use a harrow or
during. Mr. Davids came to Leon coun- brush, or other device for covering; in
ty a few years ago from New York some cases the roller nimay be used,y jet
State, and purchased a farm four miles it is seldom needed.: Just here it may
west.of _Tailahassee for the purpose of be proper to remam Ir, in connection with
7 establisliing a hay farm. He spent a the sowing of all Limtall seed, whether
Slight large amount o work in clearing and of forage plants of grasses, that if they
giaa's preparing the land for cultivation, and are covered an incli deep, vegetation' is
would- is now reaping the fruit of his labor. He doubtful, and if a clod is turned over
luring1 has at present one hundred and one upon them they will not vegetate at
native acres in "Johnson grass," which he will all.
ie.. Of commence to cut about May 15th, and --
tiprine, will have sevenity.five acres cut by June Fertilizer for Trees.
1.t, and'finish by July lbth,' with the Agoodb f i r na
of.o, first, cutting. This grass springs from its good fertilizer for vines.and -fruit
-.1 crn' own roots, and Mr. Davids'will harvest trees is ground bones, composted'with
ua-tra- it three or four times a year, and nt a strong ashes or muriate o potash. This
low crop of not leas than 300 tons of excel- will increase the capacity for fruit bear-
epy.ery. lent hay. __- ing, besides a healthy;, .strong.growth to
i -Hi e has all the bildingsa ndinachi tnery the plants. If maybe applied early :in
r.peceary acyfoer the perfect handling and the spring and would do no baeviojater
ncon "ing of his crops-f th asmowes, on. Once in three years- is' sufficient,
,aiod teIdder,, sakes, hay loaders,.flc. F and at the'rate of 600 pounds per acre.
S.- Its _lader has a capacity of _a ton every five 0 -
ion t-6 minutes His.bain, which, by the way, C 0cyo, or Nut Grass. -.'-.
Aandy, *ras built from timber cut upon the A correspondent t of Home -and.Farm..
vwiich pla'ce,.is 167x63k.and 374 feet in height, claims to have eradicated 0oco fr6m' his
and has a capacity of 350 tons of loose cottona fields by plowingiit:under durig
iiai r hay. In the barn is found all the neces the month of kugust. -:-He sayp that if-
la-tpted saly machinery for baling and-marking you will prevent. it going 'to b..eqdl for
v, ffox any sized crop. A tram railway wilt be three ftarst tcan easily eextirb. Jird.
ev'r _constructed from the barn to the rail- Our remedy.is cow peas ow.biikdi&ist -
be road, and Mr. Davids wiliplace his .own Iot two or .th!ee yqars,; which .i& -
.: bbox cars.upoii its track; ahve. the Bar-e.restili;''',' '--.;= .' .".
-- .... -e the -'s .e e- .-,:--- ;-: -. '.. .

2.'- 4.. --.+ +

A _'- ',,a-JC'"1.;-


A _" ing taken out of cold storage for days in
O ffhadfl fdg and-weeks, is evidence upon this point, sa
and I believe that this cold storage ques- In
tion is going to solve the great question w
COLD STORAGE. here, so far as the profitable culture of w
S fruit is concerned, in Southern Califor- w
_nia as well as Northern California. and w
HOW the Californian's propose the whole Pacific coast. In Northern of
to Handle their Fruits California you have cherries and other a]
fruitss which we do not raise'. Under
The following address by Mr. L. M. the old system, if apricots were sent to ti
Holt, of Riverside, was delivered before Chicago they had to be picked green, n
a recent convention of theb California Under the cold storage system I'can see a
fruit-growers: no reason why they should not be allow- y
The time of the convention has been ed to ripen on the tree and put into the e
largely Jken up in the discussion of the cold storage before being sent to the h
insect question, which is a very impor- market in Chicago _in just as good con- d
taut on0, but it is of very little use rais- edition as when they left Southern Call- to
iog fnruts if we cannot sell them after fornis, -.
we get them raised. In the first place, ,, p.* d. ,
we have got to raise them, and in the NOTES FROM NEW FAtRM. a
next place comes the question of how to c
get them to market In such shape that Practical Suggestions About e
we may realize a good profit-on them. Garden and Forage Crops. t
We have given the question of market- G.ar and Foeu raeiC.ro p d
able fruits a careful study here. and Editor Ftorida Fat,,ier a.d Fa .O,,.,- n
hqve come to the conclusion th,-,t this is For some time I have been enjoying g
the broadest question now before the the good things which appear weekly in p
people of California. the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. By d
It has been said that this question of way of compensation I now propose to aS
cold storage is not essential to citrus contribute a few dots ,from this part of -f
fruits. I went to (Chicago a year ago the vineyard. s
and there I saw car-loids of fruits, one- I notice that a difference of opin- f
half of which were rotten. I went ion exists as to curing the Rich- n
through some of the houses there on ardsonia for hay., I think it depends h
South Water street, where they showed on the ,-time when it- is cut. When n
me box after box, that had to be repack- young, and succulent, it is very C
ed. They would, in repacking, putabout difficult to cure, but when it has arrived t.
ten boxes into five. I sent lemons there at a state of- maturity it cures readily. v
myself at one time, and only about 25 At that time it assumes a slightly yel- T
or 30 per cent. was marketed and the lowishcolorand many of the seeds aTe b
rest reported as rotten. Whether it was matured, although still blooming freely.
rotten or not I do not know. There was I remember well the first Richardsonia o
probably not as much rotten as reported, (we called it Bellfountain then) which I t
but I could not help it. Now if we had cut more than fifteen years ago. It was a
our -lemons, shipped there by cold stor- young and succulent, of a deep green 'g
age, we would know that they were in color, and so tender that it gave but f
condition to be put upon the market slight resistafice to the blade, which laid o
and they could not be reported as rotten it in.swarthes. The weather was all that
lemons.' I believe the same to be true -could be desired. Every day for a week
in regard to the orange question. We that hay was scattered out and. freely
know that a large percentage of the or- exposed to the sun and air, and every
anges do rot when sent tobthe Eastern night put into heaps. At the end of the 2
markets. If we can save five or ten per week it was put away, and after all it
cent. of our oranges from rotting. by moulded badly. It was cut too early. I
'sending them to the eastern markets Had it been at the proper stage of matur- i
through- cold storage it will pay us well ity, two days' sun would have been r
to do it. ample. Last fall some of mine was cut t
Another thing in regard to the orange one day and stored in the barn the next, w
and lemon question: We all know that but the season was especially propitious t
lemons ripen a long time before we can for making fine hay.
place them on the market. They ripen It may not be generally -known that b
in the fall, but if put upon the market the vines of the garden pea make a most
at that time we would have to compel excellent hay. Last week I stored a e
the Eastern people to drink lemonade beautiful lot made from garden peas. t
when-'the thermometer was forty-five As soon as possible after the crop is
degrees belou zero, and that they will gathered the vines should be cut and
not do. Wecould not put our lemons cured. If they have been bushed the i
upon the market heretofore- because we vines may be cut with a sharp steel hoe, I
could not keep them in proper condition when they will cure admirably on the t
from December until July. brush. s
_I believe that this cold storage ques- By the'way, the old pea brush should ]
tion is going to solve that problem as far not be thrown away, but stuck along a s
as Southern California is concerned, yard apart in the butter bean rows.. The ]
We see in this cold storage the realiza- butter bean runners will take kindly to t
tion of our hopes for raising and mar- them. Later on drive stakes twenty
keting our lemons. We can put-our feet apart, which shall be six feet high.
lemons in cold storage in December and Upon ihe top of these stakes stretch a
keep them until next July, and then sell wire. Now take a ball of cord, tie'the, t
them when they will bring good returns, end of the cord to the first pea brush,
-I think that the time of this convention then carry it 'iup. to the wire, around
could not be better used than to give which give it a turn, then down to the
this question of cold storage 'a good,, next pea brush and back to the wire
thorough, careful consideration. It is of again, and so continue to the end of the
considerable value to both Southern and row. I know of no better way of stick- t
Northern California. .. ing butter beans. In fact, the same ar-
We have not been able to ship fruits rangement answers admirably for'any
to tlie East, because we have not been running beans. In the absence of- the t
able to put them upon the market there, pea brush the cord can be extended from A
We have shipped fruit over these deserts the bean to the wire. As soon as the i
while the northern part of the State had runner reach s the wire it is all right. ,
the better route for summer shipment. It was dry here in March, and we only
Now, if we can put our crops into cold had. one shower in April, and that not t
storage we can put them through the enough to wet the ground well. Conse- ;
desert to the terminal stations and land quently all of our plants had to be
them in Chicago in marketable condi- watered when set out. I found it to be
tion, and get good prices for them; and I of great advantage to clip off at least ]
believe that if we had nothing but the one-half of each lIaf, except the half
oranges and lemons alone to handle here formed terminal one. This is better
in Southern California that cold storage done before the plants are moved from
is just what we want for them. the bed.i
SI would'likeeto" have this convention By means of ditches, fire and Londont
go to the cold storage works for a day purple I saved part of my oat crop from
or half a day at least, and examine the army worm. By the first of April.
Them. They will be well repaid for the they were four feet high and in bloomV
time and trouble. They should examine .when I began to -cut and feed them .to.
the fruit that have been placed there the stock, and also to send them daily tot
forty-eight days,'-and then examine the the city, where they sold readily, at an
fruits which has been removed now for extra .price as green feed. Soon after
twoweeks or more. It demonstrates being cut the old roots threw up new
the condition of fruit which has been sprouts, and I am now again cutting a
submitted to the cold storage process. fair crop of oats from the same'land. .
Right here comes in the objection of the The wheat, the seeds of which you
fruit men bak East. who say, "Do not- sent me, is doing well, notwithstanding
ptit your fruit in cold storage, for it will the dry weather. It is now in the dough
not keep, it deays3 as soon as it is taken state, and the heads are long and full.
out." This process will show whether When harvested, I will send statement
that is true or not. '. .- I1 -1 of number of plants and the yield of the
I understand fr6m-the little study same. I think the principal difficulty in
.which I have given this question that 'this climate will be in keeping tlhe
there is a right way and a wrong one for weevils from the grain after being
for putting fruit, into and taking it from threshed out. But I suppose we should
cold storage. If you take the fruit from first grow the wheat and then provide
the room where it has been kept for the remedy. .
weeks at the same temperature and .' J.V. DANSBY. '
have the temperature of the room so NEW FARM, near Pensacola.
raised that it will approximate the tern- May 2, 1887. '
perature gradually of the cold storage it *
will not decay. I saw this fruit taken Fertilizing the Orange Grove.
out two weeks ago last Monday, and it
was in a perfect state of preservation, A writer for the Orlando Reporter
aud the fruit after-being taken out did gives in his experience as follows:
not sweat. The paper in which the A friend who has recently located in
fruit was wrapped was so dry that it Florida and commenced the cire of an
would crackle beneath your fingers. orange grove, w ritesto us for informal -
Not a single orange or lemon in those tion, wbeu and bow to fertilize.
boxes were-decayed in the least. It was Possibly these are questions which
repacked in my presence' and on Mon- have puzzled hundreds of men in this
day it was placed on exhibition here. State, and concerning which there are
The fruit did stand up after being open many opinions, based upon varied ex-
two weeks, and-as you see now is in periences, obtained under all sorts of
good condition, and'I judge that it will circumstances and conditions. Having
keep for weeks yet. some knowledge of agriculture in the
I'-e not see why this proposition in West, we came to Florida with well de-.
-regard to fruit that is placed in cold fined notions of the advantages of vege-
storage~is not true; that the life of tho table manures. The sandy soil of Flor-
fruit wh ch has been taken from cold ida seemed deficient in vegetable matter.
storage is not just as long as the life of As green clover was not available here,
the fruit would'have beep before being we resorted to cow peas, and for two
placed in the cold storage. These are years.with.satisfactory results. The peas
questions to be proved, but it' looks to came on about August and were plowed
me as though we were proving them. under so far as was practicable. But
Experiments made by this company in large masses of vines which could not
sending their"fruits to Chicago and New be covered by the plow were placed in a
York last fall proie this question. The circular mass about the trees, there to
testimony received of scores of people decay and furnish plant food. This de-
back East, who have used the fruit [composition began late in the season and
which has been sent back there afer be- continued through the winter, furnish-

ng nutrition, which kept the trees in a
.ppy condition throughout the winter.
n the moderate cold of three years ago,
e lost fully one-half of our trees. They
*ere hopelessly frozen, and as the sap
*as in the tops, instead of in the roots,
'here it should have been at that time
A the year, they were killed root and
Since then we have followed an en-
irely different method. We have used
one but the----=commercial' fertilizer,
nd have restricted its use to the half
ear, commencing with December and
nding with June. During the latter
alf of December when the trees are
dormant, we have given them from one
o four pounds to each tree, according
o size of Bradley's. Our method is to
ig with a hoe a trench six inches deep,
nd a 'foot or two in A idth. -entirely cir-
ling the tree, and just outside of: the
xtremne spread of the top. Into this
rench the fertilizer is sprinkled and the
dirt is carefully replaced above it. The
next time the trench is made a 'little lar-
ger, gradually enlarging as the top .ex-
pands. By putting the fertilizer this
.epth beneath the surface none of it is
wept away by the winds, and then the
ceding rootlets are forced down from
ix to ten inches, where they 'are not af-
ected with dry weather. After the
middle' of June all fertilization is with-
held, which gives the new wood time to
na'ure.before the frosts of winter come.
)ur trees treated in this way pulled
through the unusual cold of last winter
without the loss of an inch or twig.
Tnder this method we have no "die
tUnder this treatment several trees set
ut in May, 1884, .matured fruit during
he past winter, while counting age for
age we are not afraid to compare
growth with any one in Florida who
ollows any other method or uses' any
other make of fertilizer.
How to Destroy Tobacco

Edtor Florida Farmer and FMuit-Gr-ower:
As there are a good many farmers in
Florida planting tobacco this season, I
nay be able to give some of the begin-
ners a new wrinkle by telling them how
o have the worms caught and destroyed
without the use of mortal hands.to catcb
hem, ashas been the style in past days.
A great many new things, now-a-days,
iave been discovered accidentally, as it
vere, and so with this discovery. Sev-
eral years ago I planted a good deal of
tobacco. At one time I planted a small
)atch of common field peas near the to-
bacco, to have some for early use, along
n July. The tobacco' worms were very
)ad, and it took every hand I could get
to keep them from eating it up. On the
side of tlhe tobacco next to the pea patch
I noticed that the worms were not near
so bad, in fact there were scarcely any.
In passing through the tobacco I noticed
there were hundreds of red, was's flying
inder the leaves, and the-y seewn.1 to be
very busy at something. Soon I..bticed
one catch a -orm and eat it. I then no-
iced them -closely, and soon saw others
catching worms. The idea struck me at
monce that the pea bloom had drawn the
wasps, and then they found the worms,
which they are very fond of.
Last spring myson planted an acre in
tobacco. I told hinl of the-pea blooms
drawing, all the wasps in'the country.
So in April when he was setting out the
tobacco, he planted a patch of common
field peas around the tobacco. Just be-
fore the peas began 'to bloom, the worms
were getting bad, so that he had to go
over it and catch them. 'In a few days
the pea vines'began to bloom, and every
wasp within five -miles seemed to go
there. I noticed at the time that the
tobacco was full of worms, and said he
had better get some hands and get them
off, or they would ruin his crop. A few
days afterward I asked him if-bhe had
wormed his tobacco.. He said ffo, that
there were not many on the tobacco
that the wasps had cleaned the.-u.ut..
He did not worm his tobacco after-
wards, only to catchthie little b.ud-worrum,
which only gets in the bud. Let me say
thatwhenever the bud has been injured,
the best plan is to pinch it off and let a
sucker come. It will make a better
stalk than the injured bud. It' is getting
pretty late-now to sow peas for an early
crop of tobacco, but for late planting,
they will do yet. Try it.. ':'
'"" *
Castor Bean Culture.
A writer in Colman's Rural World
tells how the castor bean crop is man-
aged in Miiguri:
Caster beans is a crop many farmers
from the middle of this State souhward
who have a few acres of good r'h land
could grow to profit. This j.ant i,
tropical in nature,and iu warm countries
is perennial, but under the influence of
culture in more northern latitudes has
been made an annual. It- makes an at-
tractive ornamental plant and as such is
grown to the northern limits of the
United States, but it cannot be depended
on to ripen its seed north of Missouri.
The seed should be planted in check
rows, as is corn, four feet apart each
way in the more Northern section and
five feet apart in the South, where th(
plants grow larger. Allow two stalks tc
grow in a hill, and cultivate'as for corn.
The seed, which grows in large clust.
ers at the top of the plant,ripens uneven-
ly and hence there must be several gath'
erings. They must also be gathered be'
fore fully ripe, as when dry. the pod,
burst and the seeds are thrown out.
"Usually there are smooth places pre.
pared in the field where the soil is beat
en down hard or covered witb canvat
or boards, and on these the'ibunchesoi
seeds-are placed as they are~tilkand al.
lowed to lie in the sun anh yv. Tb
pods will all burst and the seds droj
out, when the refuse canr be raked off
-the seeds sacked and shipped to mar
ket. .
Aniacre will yield from twenty'tothir
ty bushels' of beans, and'a.busliel o
beans will yield about one gallon of col(
pressed oil. -

Cabbage Insects.
The cabbage is one f the most impor-
tant vegetables and its insect enemies are
numerous and desti-uctive, The follow-
ing are probably the most prevalent and
mischievous of them. *Cut-worms, or
larva of several species of insects, are
often very troublesome when cabbage
plants are first set out.- They work at
night, and eat through the stem of the
plants at the surface of the ground. Prof.
Riley has lured these creatures to their
death, and it can be done every time.
The method is to' bait with poisoned
leaves, laying them over the surface of
the soil about ten or fifteen feet apart,
covering the ,whole p'at or field a few
days before planting. The leaves to be
employed are those of Cabbage, Turnip,
Lettuce or Clover ; a tablespoonful of
Paris green is mixed with a pail of wa-,
ter and kept well stirred. In these the
leaves are dipped and then distributed
over 'the ground; or the leaves can be
moistened and then dusted with Paris
green mixed with flour, in the proper--
tion of one part of the poison to twenty
of flour., Two such applications, thiee
or four days apart,, will clear the field of
The cabbage worm, Pieris rapme, the
common green worm that feeds on the
leaves ef the growing plants, can be eas-
ily destroyed and at little cost by the
use. of buhach or Persian Insect Powder,
or a particular preparation of it which is
sold in the trade under the name of In-
sect Exterminator. This is applied in
tehe dry form, blown on with a bellows
adapted to that purpose.
Th cabbage Fly. Anthomyia brassicm,
which: deposits its eggs on the stems of
the young cabbage plants, is often very
troublesome. The maggots, when
hatched out, work into and downwards
through the stem, or groove along the
bark, untif they reach the root, upon
which they feed when the plant dies.
One of the best remedies proposed is to
scatter slacked lime,, ashes or coal dust
around the stem of each plant, leaving
a few plants here and there through
the field, unprotected, in .order that the
flies may visit them and lay their eggs.
These plants the flies will seek out and
leave the others untouched. The plants
that have been visited will soon show
the effects of the insects, and can then
be pulled up and burned -Vick's Maga-

Seedsmen state that of late years there
has been an unwonted demand for seeds
of Sunflowers. It is a fact that a blaze of
Sunflowers gives conspicuous dashes of
color to gardens. Some one .has styled
the Sunflower "the_ king of the flower
garden," and there is a kind of regal'as-
pect about it. It is common to see flow-
ers more than a foot across, and the dark
centres stand out conspicuously when
margined with their broad zones of gold-
en yellow petals. There are dwarf.and tall
for mis of the single, and also of the double
varieties. The last named, when of a fine
dotrble character, are very imposing sub-
jects; but the current taste certainly runs
in the direction of the single in prefer-
ence to the double varieties. -Wherever
planted, they should have good soil, and
while there is much in the quality of the
variety, it is also certain that a good soil
has a great deal to do with the produc-
tion of fine flowers.--Vick's'.Magazine.'.

Soil for Vegetables.
A deep, rich soil is best for vegetables.
If not very rich, you must make it so.
If not very deep, you must plow deep.
By plowing deep we do not mean that it
is best to turn the soil from any consid-
erable depth to the surface. If you turn
up to the surface much soilat one time,
that has never been exposed before, you
will commit an error. P;ow a little
deeper every year with the turn plow-
bringing up to the top, only a small
amount of new soil at a time. If you
propose to have a deep soil bed for your
vegetables, use the subsoil or bull tongue
plow, running in the fresh made furrow
right behind the turn plow. -
You can't have the soil too rich, you
can't have it, too deeply plowed, it
rightly plowed. Erery farmer who can
sKecu re tile at moderate cost should under-
drain his garden. It will pay.

Prof. W. W. Cook,' Secretary of. the
Vermont State Board of Agriculture, at
the late Dairyman's Association in this
State said, in speaking of fertilizers:
Bone fertilizer is the cheapest material
for furnishing phosphates.'" Ashes are
usually the cheapest material for fur-
nishing potash. If imported potash salts
are used. gre:,t care must be taken in
mingling them evenly through the soil.,
otherwise they will kill whatever roots
are touched. Unless ashes can be had
Sfor 20 to 25 cents per bushel, muriate of
Spotash is cheaper."

SA correspondent of the Ohio Farmer
Says: "All the early fruit and all the
Large fruit grow on the first vine. I
Shave never seen a large melon or pump.
kin grow on a branch or lateral vine,
SAll the fine melons grow on the firsl
vine. The nearer the fruit 'iets to the
I root (,r hull) the earlier it will ripen. II
e the first and second sets drop off (i's is
sometimes the case in cold, wet seasons,
the crop will not be very profitable, as il
. is the early melons that bring the
_ money."
Cotton seed oil is the strongest com-
s petitor that lard, tallow, oleomargarine
and other fats and oils have met. As at
- adulterant of lard cotton-seed oil ham
forced the former down to six and a hall
s cents per pound in Chicago, the lowest
F. price ever known for lard. It is als(
- largely used in soap making everywhere
e -for cooking purposes in the South, anc
p as an adulterant of olive oil in France.
The hay crop is the most importan
farm crop raised in New England ane
- the Middle States. Its money value i
f greater than' that of. all the corn, oats
i rye, barley and wheat produced in thosi
Slates. : .'

* ..:.. : ; ;: -. .. -. .
**' '- _--'-..:-- :...,.g-'' . 7 'tT- ^-- .=:'.j *.-. ;= '*- t ,- -... ,.-^ ,* *.. ^:.. .; -







Ormond Land Agency,

- Ormondn.

East Coast of Uolslsa Coiunty, .

'TLhLe "i~est 3E--I lt3l E O.Resocitf
I on the LineoftheFlorlde Southern.. : .
Unsurpassed-by any other section for-the prodnotlon of Frdita and'Vegetables. f yoeareO .o.- .
i to Florida, whaLever may e. yonr means or condition, you wiU most assuredly be pleased,w ith
tis Centre of the Lake Region. For further particulars adre.a,. RED pittaianl a "
S ..L.-, Wi

j... ... .X.......,



A Few Comments of Corres-
pondents and the Press.
Mr. L. H. Armstrong, of St. Nicholas.
Duval county, writes under date of
FRUIT GROWER has far surpassed expec-
tations. It sheds light on many obscure
pages in the book of Florida's possibili-
ties in fruit, forage, live stock and in the
development of her vast store of, hidden
Mr. Irving Keck. of the Bowling Green
Land and Improvement Company.
writes under date of May 2d: "We
the best to'be had for farmers in Flor
ida. We always get new ideas from it."
The -FgeFnt of Morgan's Bazaar. Starke,
Bradford county, who is a news-dealere
and subscription agent, writes as fol-
is the paper in an agricultural point of
view: I would not be without it. andv
honestly advise all workers of the soil to
subscribe for it."
One of the prominent cidens of At-I
lanta,Ga.. writing to the publishers of
the F. F. &F.-G., says: "Your last ven-
GROWER, is a remarkable one for there
beauty of its mechanical execution and
the crisp, fresh and -appropriate charac-
ter of its editorial and selected matter.
Professor Curtiss evidently knows how
to work, and 'knowledge is power' only
when there is indomitable energy behind
it. But I need not preach to C. H. Jones
on this topic, as his pushing of the
Times-Union to success over or through
mountains of opposition and difficulties
insurmountable to a man of less darinm
and persistent qualities, clearly proves.h
Georgia's great agricultural journal,
the Southern Cultivator and Dixie Far-
mer; says: "The Success of the FLORIDA
sonville, surpasses that of any similar
publication in America. The publishers
seem to be over-liberal in giving the
mechanical part every attraction possi-
ble, while Editor Curtiss is doing the
best'work of Mis life. It is a combina-
tion that cannot fail of abundant success..
The Cultivator is never sorry to see such
enterprise rewarded, as, we' have no
rivals to be jealous of, but wish all suc-
Mr. Percival Brewer, of Monmouth,
Ill., writes, under date of April 9th: "I
thinkyour paper the best agricultural
paper published in the South." -
Hon. J. C. Pelot, of Manatee, writes as
follows: "I look upon your paper as
one of the most valuable additions to
our agricultural interests. It. is ably
edited, practical, directs attention to
matters of primary importance in the
development of our various industries,
and cai ries with it a spirit of.energy and
enterprise that must address itself to ev-
ery searcher after information.".
Judging from the expressions ot ap-
provalwhich'are coming to us daily
from correspondents and the press, and
from the rapid increase of our subscrip-
tion list, it is evident that the FARMER
AND FRUIT-GROWER has met with a more
favorable reception than we had" ven-
tured to expect.
In a few instances we can give the sen-
timent of a letter by quoting one or two
sentences., as in the following examples:
Prof. S. N. Whitner, of the Agricul-
tural College of Florida, writes as fol-
lows; "I can say in all sincerity, it has
exceeded my most sanguine expectations.
Already it is.without a peer in all the
Mr. Thomas Meehan, the distinguished
horticulturist and proprietor of the Ger-
mantowh nurseries, in a letter dated
March 5th, writes: "'I am very much
pleased with the FARMER AND FRUIT-
GROWER, and shall read it regularly,
which you know is a high compliment
Sfor an editor to pay to an exchangee"
Prof. D, L. Phares, the eminent pro-
fessor of .biology in the Agricultural Col-
lege of Mississippi, says in the Southern
SLive Stock Journal: "His [the editor's]
f valuable paper already appearing in the
First numbers are fulfilling our expecta-
tion and prediction. They may be fully
relied upon for conscientious correc-
iiess of statement and scientific accur-
acy of detail."
t Hon. J. Wm. Ewan, writing from
3 Miami, Dade county, says : "Certainly
: you are doing a good work in establish-
ing an enlightened and scientific system
, of : agriculture, which heretofore has
been seriously neglected. Your paper is


inviting in appearance, pure in senti--
ment, and progressive in principle, and.-.
surely must succeed."
Mr. S. A. Stevens, of Sumuiter county.
writes : "I am in love with your paper,
but am taking so many nowjhat until
s-,me subscription runs out I can't take
more, but calculate to be a subscriber to
your paper soon."
Mr. E. WV. Amsden, of Ormondon-the-
Halifax, whites as follows : "I am 'tak-
ing ten papers on agricultural subjects,
and if asked to surrender the FARMER
AND FRUIT GROWER, I would tell them
to take the oilier nine. but leave me
that. May peace and plenty and years
of grace be given you to continue the
good work."
Mr. J. V. Dansby, of Pensacola. whose
eminent success in truck gardening, as
well as bis able writings on farm topics,
entitle his opinion to respect, expresses
himself as follows : "--The first number
duly received and is the best thing in its
way I have seen. It is just the paper
needed, and if you keep it up to the pres-
ent standard of excellence must become
popular with the people. I can't see
where you'have left any room for im-
Mr. Charle's W. St'evens of Orange
county, writes: "Your able paper fillsa
want long felt in this part for a good ag-
ricultural paper. Success to you."
Rev. T. W. Moore, of .Marion- county,
writes: "I believe your paper will do a
good work in disseminating new ideas in
regard to10 fruit raising, farming, stock
raising, etc."
-A veteran nurseryman, who objects to
the publication of his name, expresses
himself thus. "I like your paper first-.
rate, and believe it will be the -agrioul-
tural paper of Florida. I hope -after, a
little while to give you an article every
week." ,
Mr. H. G. Daniels, of Amelia Island:
"Judging from what I have seen of the
best agricultural paper published in the
South. I predict immense success for it."'
Mr. Arthura Brown, of Santa 'Rosa
county, writes: ."Judging by the copy
sent me the paper is 'A No. 1,' and I do
not wish to miss a single number."
Mr. S. L. Culler, of Seffner, Florida,
writes: "If you con tinueto make the
equal to the first number, you will cer-
tainly furnish the agriculturists- of Flor-
ida with a paper that will please'them.
.1 am traveling through the country
among the farmers, and in every way
that I can assist you it will be cheerfully
done." .
. Mr. W. N. Justice, commission met-
chant of Philadelphia, writes-: "Having
received the first issue .of .your agricul-
tural paper, and being delighted with its
tone, we wish you to insert our card for
six months." .' '
[From the-Texas Farmer;]
Florida is not behind her sister South-
ern States in material -progress. It
ought to be called the land of fruits and
flowers, for each of these grand divis- .
ions of horticulture are equally at home
GROWER is an ably conducted and" ele-
gantly printed paper devoted to these
very topics,'to which:we refer the reader
for further information.
[From-the So. Live Stock Journal.]-
We regret that the first number [of
to reach us; but the second shows very
handsome sheet as to paper, typography
and general make up, while the addi-
tional department is all we expected of
the distinguished editor. Many of our
readers are interested directly and sec-
ondarilyin everything connected with
Florida, and.we cordially commend this-
new and excellent periodical as worthy'..
of their, patronage.- With best wishes.
for its success, w.e welc6me this new as-
pirant for public favor and patronage,
feeling assured of the good work it will
accomplish in and out of Florida;
[From :the Gardeners' Monthly] -
"We are continually receiving new
agricultural ventures, but useful as they
are in their own special fields, we rarely
find in them anything of special interest
to the intelligent class of horticulturists
for which the Gardeners' Monthly has to ,
cater. We were, therefore, agreeably
surprised on reading among the batch
of exchanges on our table, No. 2 of this,
to find it of a.very high order of intelli-
gence, and one which must have an ex-
cellent effect in fostering Florida's inter-

.- .,SB



The Principles on Which Th
Usefulness Depends.
After many experiments with di
ent materials and modes of construct
experience has finally determined
.the most effective is made with li
trees, and of these those with evergi
leaves have been found most effic
and effective. If witnesses upon
point were required, from among
dark, tangled woods of pines, hemlo
and cedars of the Northern States, t
could be summoned by thousands, al
whom would testify to the effect of tU
trees in moderating, both the force of
winds and in raising the temperature
the atmosphere. This effect may
attributed to several causes, only a .
of which will be noticed.
When a current of wind, in its pass
over the face of the earth, shall n
with an obstruction, like a tight fenc
wall., a sort of vacuum is formed on
leeward side, and the obstructed curry
will pour over the obstruction witl
force accelerated by the gravity of
wind. It has been demonstrated thi
fence or wall intended as a protect
from the wind, is more effective if n
row boards, like palings, are used,
nailed on the opposite sides of the ra
in such a manner that the cracks or op
ings are opposite palings, than if the v
were built without openings. The m
times these are multiplied the more
fective will be the wind break. Suc2
wall permits the wind to pass through
a broken condition, and prevents
formation of the eddy.
Whenever a wind current has b1,
lifted from the ground, it does not ag
strike the ground until it has passed
considerable distance. This distance
generally given at eleven times the heij
of the obstruction.
From these established principles t
conclusion may be readily arrived
that living, evergreen trees, with a thi
undergrowth, will form the very best
wind br aks. But a tree-belt posses:
inherent advantages over any obstri
tion reared with any inanimate mate
als. But few of these can be noticed
this time. Living trees possess a heat
their own, similar to the heat of t
earth, which is imparted to the atm
pliere when the atmosphere falls below
a certain degree. The evergreen leave
and branches of the trees act as a cov
.to prevent the heat that is constant
arising from the surface of the -ear
from escaping into space, and eith
holds that radiating heat or sends it ba
to the ground whence -it came. T
trees prevent the moisture that has fall
upon the ground during rains,, from rap
evaporation, and therefore the atmo
phere under these trees has a great
degree- of moisture than in the opE
grounds., This is of immense advanta:
in favor of tree belts as wind break
Cold condenses the'vapor of humidity]
and causes it to impart its. insensib
heat to the atmosphere as sensible hea
thus raising the atmospheric temper
ture. From this it becomes apparel
that when a current:of air has passe
through a tree belt, the temperature w:
be raised. -
A little thought upon this subject mu
lead all reflecting minds to the same cot
clusion. Tree-belts are the most effect
ive of all means for the protection of ou
orange and other fruit trees. These mu
Snot be merely isolated trees with Ion
straight stems without limbs, but /the
must have broad spreading tops of thick
foliage, and a dense undergrowth reach
ing the ground, and must be cn ever
Side of the' place to be protected. N
State has a. better variety of trees fo
protection thaui Florida has in its liv
oaks, magnolias, bays and pines,. T
fully discuss this subject would tak
More space than I can hope for in th
FAi-rEi AND FRUIT GROWiR,.and mus
close here, with the hope that the sub
ject will receive the attention it de
. '" ., eIsi ed .. -
Diversified Crops.
The Rural World has often advise.
farmers to diveri'fy their crops and no
continue the prevailing pra.:ticeof grow
ing all corn, all wheat, or all of any on
crop. There are .many advantages ii
diversified crops. It is better for the
land not to continue one kind of crol
on it for an indefinite time. It is eacie
handling a hundred acres in different
crops than if all is in one kind.* A few
acres in one crop yill demand attention
at one time and is soon taken care of
-and then another one is ready. -When a
farmer is growing different crops hi
runs less risk, for if-one is not successful
others may be. For the foregoing and
other reasons, we would urge our reaa-
ers not to plant the whole farm, or ai
much of it as possible, to corn. What is
planted get in as nicely as. possible, and
plant the rest of the land to some other

A : Sorghum for Forage.
contributorto the Lampasas News
gives his experience with sorghum as
In answer to the many inquiries
made of me by bolh stockmen andl far-
mers in Lampasas and adjoining coun-
ties, waiting to know my experience in
regard to sorghum, I take it fur granted
that all who are inquiring about the
matter are readers of the News, and if
they are not they shouldibe.
I sow sorghum from thie 1st of April
to the 15th of August, and from one-
alf to one bushel per acre. The tater
tie season the less seed should be
-u. If sown any time- before the
nrst of June, with an ordinary season,
will. make two crops of good feed.
"gbum may be plowed Ihe same as
or oats..
-gl h a mower, and r kp
./ ..n esho. lay on

the ground until the fodder is cured be- fully matured. In this stage (it will not drainage in order to make our farms
fore it is raked, and put into small rot and disappear quite so rapidly as when movie productive, will likewise press its
stacks in the field. It can be fed from turned under younger) when the rye is importance upon us.
the stacks or put into large racks at the to be followed immediately by another Underdrainage prevents surface wash-
feed yards. It is necessary to use a hay crop, as cotton, the rye should be turned ing. The water percolates quickly
knife to feed from the racks or mangers, under just as late as possible, consistent through the soil and is carried away by
teir except in wet weather. I feed all kinds with the preparation and planting of the underdrains beneath. In heavy
of stock sorghum, and am well pleased the land. rains there is, of course, some surface
with the results. This crop is one we Crab grass can be raised very success- washing, but not half as much as where
may depend upon, for I have never seen fully by plowing and harrowing a piece open ditches are depended upon to carry
ffer- a failure yet. of land about the first of May andmanur- off the surplus water. It is very impor-
rion, I sowed seven acres last July, which ing it liberally. The grass comes up spori- tant to save the surface soil from wash-
that came up the last of August, that made a: taneously on all of our cultivated lands;, ing, and hence if underdraining does
ving good crop. but unless they are manured; the crop of this, underdraining is a good thing.
reen- grass will be light. The blue grass of Open ditches, then, are almost entirely
ient 4 Stack Silage. Kentucky is a perennial, and one seed- done away with. What an advantage
this A correspondent of the North British ing may last a lifetime, but crab grass in this!
the Agriculturist writes of his experience seeds itself every year, being an annual, The soil is like a sponge, it will absorb
Rocks with stack silage as follows: ---- *----- so much water, and when full can't ab-
they "Last year I filled two silos and made Cotton Seed Oil Manufacture. sorb any more. But in the case of un-
11 of three stacks-the temperature can be In every bale of cotton there are 1, 000 derdrainage, the sponge, so called, is
these controlled by means of pressureaseasily In eve bale of otton the ,000 squeezed dry by the under ground
the in the latter as in the former In the pounds of seed and 500 pounds of lint drains; and when a heavy rain comes
e of last stack, made in October, when expe- As about two acres of land are required the absorbing power of the soil is oin a
be rience had taught us the best way to raise a bale of f cotton, one acre will proper condition to take up the water
few building them there was not more hanproduce about 500 pounds of cotton seed, rapidly, and the drains rapidly relieve
building them, there was not more Shan which brings the planter $10 per ton or
four inches of damaged silage at the I shelter $10pertonor the soilof its surplus water.
age sides, and none at he top or bottom. In $2.50 per acre. A ton of seed yields 76 If there were no drains underneath.,
neet all the stacks the silage was infinitely gallons of oil, which sells for about 30 the soil would soon become thoroughly
or superior to that made in silos, although cents per gallon. It also yields about 20 saturated-entirely full, and then the bal-
" supe th pounds oftsnaormdsinplesll lusehulghor
the the crops were put in in a similar con- pounds of short stape lint, use. for ance of the water falling, would rush
:ent edition and weighted in the same way; making cotton batting, etc. Besides along the surface of the land, washing t
ha and so convinced am I of this, and of there is the meal, formerly considered off the cieam of its fertility to the low
the the gr. at advantages that stacks have I valuable only to mix wi h other food for lands, and into the large streams, to be t
at a over silos, irrespective of the cost, that I cattle, but which is now returned.to the deposited at last on distant low lands, t
*lon have pulled down my silos, and intend soil in the shape of fertilizer. or in the bed of the mighty ocean itself .
nar- to make all in stacks for the future. The gossypmitm is a fertilizer especially -Southern Live Stock Journal.
and The silage made in the stacks was sweet, adapted to the needs of cotton, and its .
ils, with a pleasant scent, except a small principal ingredient is cotton-seed meal, ...
en- n acked and we hte ickl orthe pulverized cake from which cot- THECOMPOST HEAP .
wall whichwgas sour, but without the pu'- ton seed oil has been expressed. As the -
ore disareeable odorf th atmadein gossypiunm factory is dependent upon How the Farm May Supply all
ef- silos. More than two hundred gentle- the oil mill for material, andl the latter the Fertilizer it N6eds. t
h a msilos. Morth two hude pa getle- h finds in the fertilizer works a ready
,in men camefrom different parts of the smarketfor itslargest product, the two Editor loridaFarmer and 'uit-G rower: i
the country this winter to see these stacks' are often found closely connected and At your request I will try to tell your r
and, I believe, all were pleased and sur- governed by mutual interests, readers how I make my manure. Let t
een cosed beothus made su ceSofU age_ The cotton-seed upon entering the mill me say, that right here lies the great, d
ain c dasbto tusmade. My ow exper "first passes through the "linters"-deli- secret of success in farming in Florida, i
a made is confirmed by a report I have cate machines which remove from each yet it seems that most farmers, or pre- 1
ais ltely received from Sweden of the separate seed every particle of its fleecy tended farmers, had rather do anything t
ght results of a trial of a stack anda silo covering which has escaped the cruder else on the farm than make their own t
e there." process of the cotton-gin. From the lin- fertilizers. To make all the manure we c
the taere __ .. o ter it goes into the huller, where its hull need, easily and cheaply, every farmer a
at, IMPROVING SANDYv LANDS. or shell is split open and torn off. The should have some stock to-make it with, s
ick llmeat is then boiled in huge caldrons, and to cultivate his lands with, such as i;
of during which operation it gives out 'a horses, cattle, hogs and poultry pI
ses The Crop to be Fertilized, Not rich, unctious odor, suggestive of culi- It is mighty poor living without milk g
uc- w a he Land nary operations on a large scale, but not and butter, and we are obliged to have t
cri- at all unpleasant. The boiled seed, en- hog and hominy to keep soul and body
at The following letter to the Southern cased in small coarse bags, then goes to together, and a fat yellow-legged
of Cultivator, shows that the farmers of "press." Twenty bags filled with the chicken comes in mighty nice when the
;he lower North Carolina have a soil much well-cooked mass are thrust into as editors and preachers come to see us.
os- like that-which prevails in the greater many receptacles of an immensely You see by having all this stock and tt
OiW, part of Florida. Dr. Jones' answers powerful steam-press. Power is applied poultry around, we get a good living out g
es contain many instructive points : gradually, but with a terribly relentless of them, and besides we are then in a M
rer My land has a sandy soil, and sandy energy, until the oil, flowing out in condition to make all our fertilizers at n
tly subsoil, located near the ocean in Citeret steady streams, and- finding its way to home without having to take all' the t
th county, N. C. We make on an average the receiving tanks below, has been en- money we nake to buy chemical fer- o
er two, and a half barrels or thirteen bush- tirely expressed from the several bags, tilizers, which last but a little while and g
ck els of corn per acre, and forty bushels and each contains merely a hard, dry leave our lands just as poor as they were b
he cotton seed per acre under cotton will cake. From these cakes the sacking at first. They stimulate crops about tl
en yield us 1,000 pounds seed cotton per covering is stripped, to be used again, like whiskey does a miani ird tben i
id acre with a fair season. Our crops are and they are thrust into the jaws of a leave the land as poor as ever. in
os- much earlier than crops twelve miles rapidly revolving mill that instantly re-.. I will say this to our farmers, as long tl
'er away, grown on clay lands. We have duces them to meal, which goes to the as you buy these chemical manures you h:
en hard winds here in the summer which fertilizer factory across the way. will always see hard times, and buying fa
ge sometimes drift our soil; and create The. Atlanta cotton seed oil mill pro- so much of this stuff is what's the mat- th
s. whdt are known among us here as "blow duces 10,000 barrels of oil and 4,000 tons ter with us now.' We must stop buying 'al
, hills, that wont produce anything. of meal annually. It is possible to so so much of it, and make it at home. hr
ile Our lands seem to impoverish quickly, refine this oil as to produc,- a tasteless, Wenll. now, here ishow.Imanagetoiake n.
t, and as quickly replenish in 'fertility un--odorless and colorless liquid, and its all I want: i
a- der favorable circumstances. We find sphere of usefulness is being daily ex- First, hare a barn large enough for all do
at that wecanstand more dryand more wet, tended. It is largely used in adultera. the stock you minay have, then make a t.
ed than clay soils higher up-as the surface tions, and it is stated upon good author- stall for every horse, ox or cow, keep ot
ill here is not more than eight feet above ity that one-fourth of all the lard used in these stalls filled with muck and straw di
tide water-and some of it is not more this country is cotton seed oil. in alternate layers, the straw on top for
st than three or four feet. I want to see In this Atlanta mill nothing is wasted; your stock to lie-on. When-the stables is
n- cure some rotation that will permanently even the hulls of the cotton seed are get the least filthy put in,more muck and th
t_ improve my land without the necessity utilized as fuel beneath the boilers of its straw, or grass, anything that will make ar
ir of hauling heavy manures (the commer- 150 horse power engine. Not only do them beds. I generally put a cart-load sti
st cial manures being worthless to us.) We these hulls furnish fuel for this mill, but in each stall once a week. Every four pr
ig find pea-nuts where they are left on the half of them forced through 600 feet of or six weeks clean out the stalls. th
1y land greatly help it, and some here ox- pneumatis pipe, reach the adjacent "gos- Have a long pen made extending the wi
,k pressed a favorable experience with field sypium" works, and there form the only whole length of the barn, with a tight th
i peas. I have been thinking of a plan fuel used o heat its boilers. Besides cot- roof on it so as to keep the manure from
y like this: Plant field peas and turn in ton seed meal, the ingredients of the getting wet, put in two to four pigs in 1p
To in August or September, then sow down "gossypium phospho" are sulphuric acid, this pen and they will- keep the manure
Dr rye, and turn this under next May and which is manufactured on the premises rooted up, so that it will rot much '
,e plant cotton or other crop on it. Is rye from sulphur imported by the slhip-load sooner and save you the trouble of dig- thE
o worth anything as a manure crop turned from Sicily, muriate of potash, which gmng it. Save all the soap-suds from the of
e in, and-if so, at what stage? Isn't crab comes from German mines, nitrate of wash every week and throw on this cee
e grass a fine crop to raise or stock, and -oda, from Peru, sulphate of ammonia. pile. fai
t can we not grow this grass to perfection from Chicago, and phosphates, w hich -Do this for one year, and if you should cu
b, as they do blue grass in Kentucky? are dug on the Stone-river near Charles- have five or six head.of horses or cows, is
e- Please give me full advice,-J, W, ., ton, South Carolina, you will be surprised at the quantity you cei
ANSWER-The open texture of sandy In 1876 th; cottoh seed oil mills w ire will have and will hardly know how you for
soils imparts to them two peculiarities : only paying the planters about eight made so much, why, my friends, I have on
first, water sinks through them freely cents per bushel fol seed, as there was made- more manure in the last year' 12
and leaches out soluble materials very no market for the meal, and depending than I want or c-n haul out, Every- thi
largely ;second, their open texture ad- upon the oil alone for a profit, they could thing planted on my place has been ma- vis
d mits air freely, and rapid decomposition afford no more. Now they pay from six-' n red and still there is nearly-one hun- Ge
)t of- manures and vegetable matter fol teen to eighteen cents per bushel for theb dred loads left in my lot. To make this oui
- lows; In brief, it:is very difficult to make seed. The fertilizer produced from it better I add ground cotton seed with it if
e such a soil a store-house of food. Hence can be bought for $3S per ton, and a ton as I haul it out, one bushel- of cotton far
n the crop is to be fertilized, not the land, is sufficient for about ten acres. The re- seed to three bushels lot manure. This far
e Quick acting manures, such as may be sult of its use is to double the yielding is better than any chemical fertilizer no
p recovered in the crop to which they are capacity of the soil, so that the entire that was ever, made. Use' this on your har
r applied, are preferable to slow .acting cost of the fertilizer is now defrayed by laud for a few years, and, it will make ant
t kinds; but as stated above, the free ad- the cotton seed, which was formerly an it rich. viz
Mission of air hastens decomposition. almost waste product, and the extra Now I will get backto the fowl house,
Sand a manure which would act slowly .yield of lint may be considered as just so my guano bed. This is the manure'I 1
, in a clay soil mighr become quick acting mucL clear profit.-Harper's Weekly. want for vegetables. Keep the hen-
a inma sandy soil. Barnyard nmanuie, toi house clean. Put well rotted 'uck or
Snstmake heavy applications expectingot their Underdraining in the South. wire-grass rotted twice a week over the
Smake heavy applications expecting their d floor, covering all the droppings of the RA
I effects to last many years, but smaller Underdraining in the South is some- fowls, clean out all that has beenthrown
- applicatiounat shorter intervals. thing new toour people. It will be very in. putting it in a tight pen made out
s Constant effort should be exerted to many yeais before much tile are laid on 6f boards or plank, and be sure it does
i keep such soilsfilled withvegetable mat- our farms. not leak in to wet. it. Whenever the
I ter, because humus corrects the defects First, we must have tile factories manure is taken out, put a thin layer of DII
r of sandy soils: makes them closer, more among us, for we cannot afford to pay muck or rich soil on top, to keep the
absorbent and more retentiveofmanure, transportation charges to any great ex- ammonia from escaping.
Frequent rFeting is demanded by such tent upon an article that ie so very heavy If your wives should have fifty hens
soils, and that is ithe cheapest method of as burnt clay. 'and wou will attend to them as I have
keeping up the supply of humus. The It is our opinion that our lands need descri-bed, again'dou will be surprised at.
* plan you propose is good. except that it underdraming to a greater extent than ,what you have done, you will have
i keeps the land almost too continuously those ot the North and West, because 'ati leasttwo tons ofaas finef-rtilizerascan
undertheplow. Occasionally, at least,the our annual rainfall is greater, and I ence be made. If our farm-rs would take
rye should be allowed to mature, and there is more necessity of getting rid of every Saturday evening and haul in Qet
the land left undisturbed till the ensu. the surplus water on and in the ground. .mu.:k or rich soil from the fence cornetr,-
ing autumn, when, if the land is-plowed, as rapidly as possible, or dig up wire-grafs and rot it, to 'use in Can
another crop of rye will-come up. It is If we only had drain tile in our own -their stalls and hen houses, they could
very important to have a growing crop immediate counties, it would pay our make iLrLe -manure they could une. If
during winter on any land, but espe farmers to undp rdrain the ve ly low your legislature would pass a law to tax .c
cially on sandy land, that it may appro places in their fields, where the wa'er is 'cry ton of ftertilizer sold in the State 1o1s
private and hold the plant food of the soil moat liable to remain on top of the vity'doLlars- that is, if they could-it tons
whichis so liable to be leached out by ground for several hours before siping- would be a good thing for Florida. At
the rains of winter and spring. through the soil.. Many of these places' Mr. Editor, I have beeu trying to keep
Rye is a very good crop for turning could be underdrained at small cost and,- our people from buying these fertilizers,
under and keeping up the supply of bu the land made doubly protective there, find am glad to sayt that there has not 0
mus in the soil. It has not such ma- by. -been one-tenth as much sold in Baker (5
nurtal vdiae-ir cloveror pea vines, but is This question of underdrainage.wii dountT this year, as there was last, and I SOL
quite as gpod as the majority ot our cut- sooner or later c fme r seri'os con- ope to soon see the iay when there will
tlvated pants. It may he turned under siderationamong our best e- ,t he a ton shipped intci the State. It -
at almost/any stage of_ 'o&rthb--but on n.i8,. -Aa the .country becomes mora has just about ruined our planters, and
""c. ,a- itu S wou c probably give bet- tibckly settled, and *as lands become if they continue buying it they are gone 80-
I ter results to turn under the-rye-w,,ear- higher in price, the necessity for under-~vy the board sure. So 'et every farmer


make his own fertilizer at home and v
will be all 0. K. W. P. HORNm.

The Best Soil for Tobacco.
Under this head the Tobacco Pla
has the following by C. H. Dupont:
At the inauguration of tobacco plar
ing in Gadsden county the prevailir
taste with the purchasers was for a ver
light silky leaf suitable only for wrappe
and the greater number of white spec]
on the leaf the higher it was prized. I
produce that quality of tobacco it we
found that the light gray or sandy han
mock, largely interspersed with th
growth of beach, was the best adapte,
Subsequently, when the German pu
chasers entered the market, the tas
changed to a heavier article, and to a
commodate them resort was had to ti
better quality of hammock and oak an
hickory ridge based upon a good subso
of strong red clay. That character
soil produced the quality demanded, an
holds the preference to the present day
On these lands no fertilizers are needed
their natural fertility being found ad(
quate to the production of a large
growth of the plant.. .At first it was th
prevailing opinion of the planters tha
the production of one crop of tobacco
rendered the land unfit for the produce
tion of a second crop, and hence all th
tobacco produced was grown on freshly;
cleared lands. However, in the course
of time this opinion Was found to b
erroneous, for frequently the second
year's' crop was found to be equal to
and sometimes better than, the produce
of the first year both in quality and yield
My own opinion is that if care be take]
:o keep the land from becoming fouled
with' weeds and grass, and the fertility
s kept up by artificial means to the origi
zal standard, there will be no deteriora
tion either in quality or quantity of pro
auction for any successive crops. Wha
s. here said in regard to the character o:
hands best adapted to-the cultivation o:
tobacco must be taken to apply chieflj
o antebellum times. It has been dem
nstrated within the last two years thai
any good high pine land based upon a
ubsoil of clay (as is generally the case
n this country) will by a moderate ap.
location of fertilizers in the hill, give as
:ood return in quality and quantity as
he best hammock of oak and hickory.

Protecting Hay.
It goes without saying that tons upon
ons of hay are ruined before they ever
et into the barn or in the stacks.
[any men seem indisposed to study the
athre of grass and hay, or even tc
think of the effect of too great maturity
r the weather upon them. Acres of
rass are annually permitted to mature
before cutting, to a degree that makes
he hay mostly wood fibre. Then the
immense quantities/of hay-ithat are put
ito-stacks suffer-d6triment to the extent
iat theg&torjms and winds can reach-the
ay. It is one of the big leaks on the
arm, and a little thought will show
hat to be the case. One writer speaks
bout the effect of the wind upon the
ay-stacks, and says it is particularly
oticeahble on alfalfa stacks. On the, in-
de of these stacks where light and wind
oes not penetrate the alfalfa preserves
[ color of bright green. But on the
atside of the stack it will. bleach and
Well, what shall be done? Barn room
not always available. The next best
ing is to cover the stack, and boards
e the best for that purpose, for the
ack should be so that the sides can be-
otected. If the cone is only such that
e sides will catch all the drip there
ill not be any great benefit though
ere will be some.-Ex.

aying 126 per cent. Interest.
The most' serious drawback to-day to
e farmers of the State, and we may say
the whole South, is the enormous per-
ntage paid for supplies to run the
rm. From the last report of the Agri-
Itural Department of Georgia the fact
stated, that the 'farmer pays 42 per
nt. on bacon and 84 per cent. on corn
r four months time, or. 126 per cent.
bacon and 105.per cent. on corn for
months. The reporter further states
iat little more than two-thirds of a pro-
ion supply is produced in the State.
orgia is regarded as the most prosper-
s agricultural State in the South, and.
this be true as to the condition of her
rmers it is more deplorable as to the
'mers of our State. Such facts leave
room for doubt as to the cause of the
rd times with our farming community
d point out unmistakably the remedy,
i The raising of our home supplies.





our Prices'bef6re buying.

nada Hard-Wood Unleached

leapest fertilizer in use, and free from nox-
weeds. Supplied in car lots of 12 or more
. Guaranteed free of rubbish. Put up in
rels. Price and analysis free on application.
"Box 487 Napanee, Ontario, Canado.




















Forage Plants,
ul :,b.i" i .ie.r6 'I ill -.r iil, t ii rateds.d i t lr,ih .

Much attention will i.e 'ev.'.ied to

Live Stock

And to the home production of forage aridfertil1
zers, two economies which are essential to sue.
cessful farming.
Questions relative to ailments of domestic.
animals will be answered by an able veterinary
surgeon, who formerly edited a like department.
of the

Turf, Field and Farm.
A due amomun of space will-be devoted
household economy and to reports of the ma,
kets, and the department of


Practice, etc.

will be contributed to by persons who have made
specialties of those branches.
All portions of the State will receive a due
amount of attention, and their interests will be
represented by able correspondents. .
Under no circumstances will this journal be-:
come the 'organ" of any dssoceiationor locality.
It will art out untrammelled and will repre-
sen: all section. and interests with absolute in-
partiality. .

Published at Jacksonville on Wednesday
of each week.

One Year $2 00o
Six Months 1..................... 1 00
Three Months 50
sPECnfkN coPrrs PFREE.

Address suabscriptions and other business cor-
municacions to

Communieatios for the editorial department
should be addressed to
A. H. CURTISS, Editor,
Jacksonville, Fla.

'' I,"

Ve Tr



e -AND-


d WeegJo a,






This journal will have for its leadingfobject
the promotion of rural industriesin Florida, and
will advocate especially a more diversified and
intensive system of agriculture and greater
economy of home resources. -
Assuming that the agricultural adaptations of
a large portion of Florida are as yet but imper-
fectly understood, a special aim of this journal
will be to describe the best results which have
-been accomplished, with the exact methods em-
ployed, and all influences affecting such results;
also to suggest experiment, de.c-.e ne w r htile
known crops, fruits, etc., and record the progress
of agriculture.in neighboring States.
Commencing with the first number and con-
tinning through the season for

Tree Planting,
Ther'. i;ll I,.. rt- .: ir ,ile I .,a i--obther
than i ho :.f o ",.0ri ir' r"p--Wujb Thave
provwl m.,t -.teeL.t i n 1di' Sr.e Ea,eh va-
riety will e ..le'-ri...l aa.n.

I. llustrated7
And -th i,- %vilJ ori joi. fr'i.. per' rJs j -r ." have
had experece.' in a[6 etidrai-Var,.o Thi rill be
follow E' ty i einn6lar ,?ri. 5 tn ,



The Florida Farfer and Friit Grow
A. H. CURTISS, Editor.


Office Cor. Bay and Laura .St

GROWER is an eight page 48 column Illust
ted weekly newspaper, devoted to the Far
Garden, Orchardand Household Econom
and to the promotion of the agricultural a
industrial Interestsof Florida. Itis publish
.every Wednesday.
Terms of Subscription.
For one year ................... ......................$ 2
For six months 1
Clubs of five to one address.................... 7
aWith daily TIMES-UNION one year ..... 11
With daily TIMES-UNION, six months 6
With WEEKLY TIMES, one year........ 2
4'Subscriptions In all cases cash in a
vance, and no paper continued after t
expiration of the time paid for. The date
the printed label with which the papers a
addressed is the date to which the subscri
tion is paid and is equivalent to a receipt i
payment to that date; if the date is n
changed immediately after a new payment
the subscriber will please notify us at once.
CORRESPONDENCE solicited on all su
Jects pertaining to the topics dealt with
this paper. Writers may affix such signature
to their articles as they may choose, butmu
furnish the editor with their full name an
address, not for publication but as a guarant
ofgood faith. Rejected communications ca
not be returned.
ADVERTISEM.ENTS inserted to a limited
extent.. Rates furnished on application.
REMITTANCES should be made by Chec
Postal Note, Money Order, or Registere
Letter, to ordcr of
Jacksonville. Fa


FIRST PAGE-Grape Culture for Florida; Pea
Blight in Florida; How to Make Peach Tre
Bear; The Strawberry Guava; Florida's Be
Turf Grass (Illustrated); Clearwater Harbm
Fair; A Hay Farm in Leon County, Value
Marsh Grass; When to Sow Grass Seed.
SECOND PAGE-Cold Storage; Notes from Ne
Farm; Fertilizing the Orange Grove; How
Destroy Tobacco Worms; Castor Beans; Cab
bage Insects; Sunflowers; Salt for Vegetables
THIRD PAGE-Wind Breaks; Diversified Crops
Sorghum for Forage; Stack Silage; Improy
ing Sandy Land; Cotton Seed Manufacture
Underdraining at the South; The Compos
Heap; The Best Soil for Tobacco ; Protectin
Hay; Paying 126 per cent. Interest.
FoUaTH PAGE (Editorial)-The Future of th
Orange; Inquiries Answered; Fencing.
FizTH PAGE-(Edited by Helen Harcourt); Oun
Home Circle; Cosy Corner; The Family Friend
Our Young Folks' Corner.
SIXTH PAGE-To Prevent Colic After Grazing
Drenching Horses; Milk Fever; Care o
Swine; Deep Setting of Milk; Dairy Hints
Crude Cotton Seed foir Cattle'; The Merits c
Sheep Raising; An Old Sheep Breeder's Ad
vice; How to Manage Young Chickens
Gapes in Chickens; The Best Food,
SEVENTH PAGE-Farm Miscellany (1feust.f
Serial Story, "For Honor's ,SetS, n'Ty Far
EIneTs Paoe-Stars '..'. in Brief; Iron Ore ii
Marion Coun5 ; A Flordian Finds Florida
__--__ -- T-. (.Ut iFiori>1a; The Sub-TropicalExpo
it ion; Mary Weather; New YorkandJackson
ville Markets. ...


At no previous time have we felt more
Hopeful than now in regard to.Florida's
favorite product.- Heretofore we have
seen no alternative except to place the
fruit on the Northern market during the
season.of snow and ice, when there if
-but little demand for fruits of this class;
Neither have we seen any means of re-
straining growers from rushing their
fruit into market before, it is in fit conidi-
tion for use. Therefore it has
seemed to ,us till recently that the limit
of pioduieion at remunerative. prices
would quickly be reached.
: If the crop could be marketed during
the other half of the year there could
scarcely be a limit to profitable produc-
tion, but that was a very big if, and we
could see no way of removing it. A
great many people of late have been de.
voting attention to that if, and it looks
now as if there was a pretty good pros-
pect for its removal. That is a "con-
summation most devoutlv to be wished,"
for it is a matter involving untold mil-
lions of money. '-'The air is thick with
rumors" of patent processes capable of
preserving fruit almost any length of
time, and if half of what we bear aud
read be true, the day is not far distant
when we shall witness a relapse of the
S. "orangefever." If oranges can be kept in
fresh condition until the first of Septem-
ber, or even till the Fourth of July, it
will revolutionize the method of market-
- ing now practiced, and place the orange
eroponas firma basis as any other. "
: ; The probable result in such event, will
_- h be that storagecompanies will be formed
:: which will purchase the entire crop in
November and December, and after-
wards assume the supply of the market.
This will relieve grove owners of a great
deal of risk and anxiety, and will re-
move the temptations to premature ship-
ment. The trees will be-relieved of their
burden early in theseason, and the losses
from frost and from dropping will be
In this work Florida is receiving im-
portant assistance from California. Tihe
fruit-growers of Southern California are
in greater need even than those if Florida
of means of preserving their fruits, for
they wish to ship them as freight to
points from 1,000 to 3,000 miles distant,
S and to ship them through the heated re.

'or gion traversed by the Southern Pacific months. A New York company packed
Railroad. several hundred thousand oranges in
Last fall a process was brought to the Florida last winter, and after processing
notice of the California Fruit-Growers' them, sent them North for storage. The
Association by an Italian gentleman public wi!' await developments with in.
named Allegretta. According to his terest. Others, claim to have kept or-
tS. statement the process "consists simply in anges several months by subjecting
IT paralyzing the germ of the fruit. Once them to certain treatment.
ra- that is thoroughly done, and which is No doubt there will be numerous pat-
m, accomplished by my process, the fruit ent rights for sale next fall, but people
nd remains in the same condition days, should not rely on mere heresay evi-
weeks and in some instances months. It dence. However, with so many strong
arrests all decay. The fruit wants to be claims put forward, we do not doubt that
00 picked thoroughly ripe, and the packages the thiug aimed at will be accomplished
-50 in which it is to be shipped placed in the by the time there is another large crop of
.00 receiving house and left for twenty-four fruit to market. Any process, to be
.75 or forty-eight hours. In case of five and effectual, must arrest decay and evap-
he ten carload lots, it may have to remain oration for several months after the fruit
On from three to five days, but when it is is picked. It is easier to prevent the
p- taken out it can be shipped at your pleas- fruit from drying up than from rotting.
ot ure, by the slowest freight, anywhere To accomplish .the latter result the germs
nt, you desire, and it will arrive there in ex- of decay must be paralyzed-not the
.b- actly the same condition it was when "germ of the fruit," as Allegretti ex-'
in you plucked it from the tree and placed presses it. For this purpose there must
ist it in the package. The fruit is not dam- be used some chemical antiseptic agent,
ee aged in the least-its color, deliciousness, or a degree of cold low enough to arrest
n- weight, all are there. This only costs a decay. The latter evidently involves,
ed fraction of a cent per pound, and fruit more expense, but it must keep the fruit
thus packed will not be regarded in the in better condition for ultimate sale.
ed market as perishable, and there will be Of chemical agents there are many
an end to refuse lots on account of de- which would prevent superficial decay,
.1 cay." and this probably is all that is to be
Tihe manner in which Mr. Allegretta guarded against, for as long as the rind
proposes to profit by his invention con- of the fruit remains sound, there is or-
ar, sists in putting up the needed buildings dinarily no-danger to the pulp, except
es for the process. His price for such build- from evaporation. When such chemi-
st ings is $1 per cubic foot, one large enough cals come in contact with the spores of
or to receive a car-load lot costing $1,000. the cryptogamic organisms whose -
oFruits and vegetables in packages, and growth causes decay, their vitality is
w meats, may be placed in such houses and destroyed. If all such spores on the sur-
to taken out in condition to keep "weeks face of a sound orange are destroyed,
b- and months." He stated that the prin- there can-be no decay unless other spores
s- cipal outlay was for ice, therefore the alight on the fruit, and as they are con-
s; process depends mainly on refrigeration, stantly floating in the air there is no
V- which evidently has to be kept up in the safety to fruit unless the means of pro-
st car. He said: "If it be desirable to for- section be continuous, and we see no
ig ward the fruit by slow freight, I can so means of making it continuous except
prepare the cars that the fruit may be a by exclusion of the air by effectual wrap- '
te month or more on the road and arrive in ping after disinfection or by covering
goon condition." the fruit with a film of some.antiseptic
d' At a more recent convention of fruit- substance. The latter process, if practi-
growers held at Riverside, it appears that cable, ought to be an effectual preventa-
; Mr. Allegretta's claims, were thrown tive of decay. We know none of'the se-
tf somewhat in the shade by those of the crets of these new processes, and are
s: Inter-Ocean Cold Storage Company. At merely throwing out theories and sug-'
of any rate the latter was better repreo- gestions. A combination of refrig-
; sented bPfore' the invention. In a re- ration and] cold storage, ought to keep
pOXjf-mItLen at the timr -.I.the b dat.dr':. such fruits as lemons and oranges until
'the California Patron, he says: "The fall, and as the materials for either are
- company have a fine exhibition of or- cheap, with the inventive genius of our
anges and lemons that were kept in cold- people results may be expected -which t
n storage, for .forty-eight days, then re. will revolutionize Florida's favorite in-' t
; moved two weeks ago and repacked, at dustries, and give to them a stability b
which time every sample was in a per- which heretofore 'they never have en- t
fect state of preservation, and Monday joyed. t,
they were sampled and found tp be per- *
fect in every respect, thus proving the INQUIRIES ANSWERED. t
proposition that fruit will keep after be.- MERINO SHEEP. f
e ing taken out of cold storage." I was much interested in an article on t
s On another page we give one of- the Sheep Husbandry in the- FARMER AND in
e addresses delivered before this conven- -FRUIT GROWER. -Have one question to t
etion on the subject of cold storage, and ast cosviz: Where fcan I geterino she n
so as to cost me $2.50offor"ewes and $8.00 t:
,a second of similar purport we may-re- for rams? I ask not from idle curiosity, as t
produce in the next issue. Surely no I wish to get some and will buy 100 or t
Subject has' better claim for space in a 200 if I can get them at sudh figures. a
sujcthsC.G. W. ex
journal devoted so largely as this is to RoSE HILL, Hernando Co., Fla. aW
the interests of the fruit and vegetable ANswER.-We have suentyou by. mail f
- growers. At this Riveiside convention, several advertisements clipped from a ti
s there was an exhfibi of citrus fruits cov- Texas paper. We cannot find that any of
t ering five long tables. The centre table one offers sheep in Georgia or Alabama,
5 was occupied by Griffin & Skelly, fruit and we would not advise the purchase
packers. "This firn," the report says, of them in more Northern States. Some',t
r "has purchased the bulk of the Riverside valuable article on sheep will be found pi
crop, and have on their table some of on another page. Perhaps our corres- ro
thefinest fruit to be found in the valley, pondent at Biackwater would give some a
It is due to the energies of this firm that information on this subject. The neigh- m
the price of Riverside oranges rallied boring town of Milton is the principal
from the first scare and gradually ad- wool ma rket in Florida.
vanced until they are, quoted in Chicago '
at from $4 to $7 per box, and they are PRICKLY POPPY. pi
I have a lot of the enclosed plant grow- a'
now reaping.the reward of their energy ng here, and some say it is the opiuml a
and pluck." poppy. I would like your opinion of the H
SFrom this it would appear that the same through your paper. "
fruit-growers 'of Riverside have found SUBSCRIBER., a
virtually a home niarket for their pro- Mco .-Thi Breard Co.,ank-growingFla pla in
ducts. This is What the Florida frui t ANEye-Thls rank-growingers and plant, m
growers must hare before their business wlh argeyellow flowers and prickly m
can be conducted with y satisfaction. leaves and pods, would be valued as an sli
canTill te obuinduc i reduced to this basis ornametal plant, but that it prefers to to
Till the business is reduced to this basis grow at a weed. It is a Mexican plant -c
it will be a source-of loss in the aggre- grow ad a weed. It is a-Mexican plants o
gat wll be and of infinite vexaion the aggre-in the poppy family, and may be found hi
in botanical works under the name Ar ah
We do not know that Florida needs to
copy from California, but the two States geprickly poppy It is commonly called h
cannot be too watchful of each other. prickly poppy. Mexican poppy, devil's ed
whether they regard each other as rivals fig yellow thistle, etc. "The seed is a fo
Sco-wokers. Whatever may ohe brought purgative and powerful narcotic, especi- w
to light in eithco-worker St. Whatever which may be brought ally if smoked with tobacco." ThIe milky te
advantage to inthe other, the other ma be of juice when reduced to the consistence of ac
not ae slow int copying t Inregard to a gum is said to be almost identical with TI
industrial development there should be gamboge, both n appearance and pro- a
a generous rivalry. parties. th
SDuring the past six months much has E. H. S. of Daytona, who. wisahes the t
been done in Florida towards the eluci- address of Dr. W. W. Winthrop. the per- ke
beedation of the in greatFl problem, howtwards the eluci- son who proposes to engage in poppy w
datserve perishable great probleducts, how the most re- culture on the Indian river, i,-recom- th
advantageous season for marketing. At neded to add s at Tu lle ce
the South Florida Exhilit on. Mr. E. T. (CEINCE BUOS. ,iz
Paine, of Jacksonville, had a model of a I would be greatly obliged if you could !
fruit receiver, which he claimed was gell me three different states the sti-brownk
capableof preserving fruit in a fresh has four legs, two claws, two feelers an4la
and sound condition for months. In our a trunk or sucker. It is found in lon8y-i
issueof February 2d was an article by grass an dog fennel, and esudesa dis
,T r F i l'aeeable odor when disturbed. Pleas(
Rev. W. M Davis, of Lake city, in which tell me all about it. D. E. B. --
he laid claim to a process by which or- FEDERAL POINT, Fla. '
anges could be kept as long eveu as eight ANSWER.-The insect referred to above Do
T -,

is evidently the chinch or chink-bug DESTROYING ANTS.
(Rhyparochromus lucopterus), or some Can any of your readers give me any
other hemipterous insect. They do not idea of the way to destroy ants' nests?
have distinct larval and pupal states like Iknow of no mhinethod myself but holds
most insects, but moult from time to infested with them.
time during the summer, being in early
-stages wingless, with each moult ap- We have read innumerable methods of
broaching nearer the mature form. In- getting rid of ants, by drenching, burn-
dividuals of different sizes and colors, ing, smoking, trapping, etc., but have
never had occasion to test their efficacy.
representing different moults, may often Will some of our readers please give f in
be found feeding together. The hemip- their experien of our ces?s please gve
tera do immense damage by sucking the
juices of plants. The chinch bug is STRAWBERRIES AND POTATOES.
especially destructive to wheat, also to whlease state ider through your columnsfitable
othergrainsand grasses, corn, vegetables, strawberry for this climate. Also, I
etc. In a single season it has destroyed would like to know the characteristics of
crops in this country to the value of a the Chili Red potato.
hundred millions of dollars. Some PENSACOLA, Fla.. D.
seasons it does little or no damage, con- As answers to these questions will
editions then being unfavorable to its in- be in season until fall we leave them for
crbase. As it lays its eggs near the sur- othef to answer through our columns.
face, and as it takes refuge among stub- We solicit discussion of these and the
ble and weeds, the best way to reduce preceding questions.
its numbers is by burning the litter in a
field after a crop is removed. LAYING OFF ORCHARDS. *
Another hemipterous insect; one of In your next issue please give the rule
man's home companions, goes by the for planting out trees in quincunx, the
man's home companions, goes by the-new or hexagonal, not the old or dia-
same name. It moults similarly, but mond quincunx. Give distances apart
never acquires wings. of trees on each side of a paralellogram


Can you recommend a variety of ever
green vines suitable to train over a porch
something that will look well.during th
winter months? H. G. B.
ALVA, Monroe Co., Fla.
The English ivy has no superior fo
covering walls and training up th
trunks of trees. A live oak with ivy
enwreathing its branches and hanging
from them is a most beautiful object ii
a lawn. Ivy will also grow luxuriantly
over a verandah. For training ove
porches and trellises several kinds o
honeysuckle are very serviceable, and
the yellow jesamine, although common
in a wild state, is much planted. The
potato vine (Solanum jasminoides) is a
handsome vine, and so is the climbing
white jasmine (Rhynchospermum) ; the
latter cannot be excelled when in bloom
The finest floral spectacle we have seen
in Florida is, a 'jasmine-covered trellis
overarching a carriage way at Mr. A
V. Clubbs' place, Pensaco'a. When
whitened with mhyriads of sweet-
scented flowers, it is magnificent.
With regard to. the points raised by
H. G. B., of Alva, Monroe county, we
would say that under the former consti
tution of Florida a homestead was. pro-
tected from creditors only so long as it
belonged to the "head of a family." If
brought the death of other members of
he family only the "head" survived, it
vas held that no "family" remained,
therefore that the former "head" of the
family ceased to be such, therefore that
he homestead ceased to be a homestead
n point of law and became subject to
he claims of judgment creditors. The
new Constitution materially extends
he homestead privilege, providing that
he exemption "shall inure to the widow
nd heirs of the party entitled to such,
exemption We do not see that this
amendment will make any material dif-
erence iin the practical application of
he law, or that it will protect the "head
f a family" if left alone.
I would like your opinion in regard to
ie fertilizing qualities of pine grass,
ine straw and pine ashes, the first -two
tited, the other gathered up and used
s fertilizer, or if they would be. better
nixed with something else?
G. B. T.
ANSWER-Wild grasses and herbage,
ine straw and hammock litter are easily
available sources of humus, which is
needed to give body to sandy land.
umius results from their decomposition
id this can best be effected by compost-
.g them with lime or ashes, to which
uck or other inexpensive ingredients
ay be added. The compost heap
rould be kept moist, but not exposed
'rain, which will -wash out the most
luble and valuable portions of the
iap. Ashes when exposed to rain lose
laitge portion of their potash and lime;
once they should be kept dry till need.
I for use. When pine lands are broken
r the first time the lierbage should be
ell turned under and then from five to
n bushels of ashes, lime or kainit per
re, applied broadcast and harrowed in.
he best method of utilizing pine straw
id wire grass is to use it for bedding in
he stable. Then when thrown with the
e manure in heaps under a shed and
'pt wet, it will be in condition in a few
weeks to apply to land and will afford
e most lasting kind of fertilizer. Suio-
ss in farming depends largely on util-
ing apparently waste materials.

Will you please inform me where I
an purchase Bermuda grass seed? I
ant several bushels of it. for sowing on
iy-place on the lake.
.-R ,?,_'-f.

ANSW'ER-Apply to the Southern Seed
b., Macon, Ga.
-" ...* '

when the trees are set respectively 10,
20, 30, 33 and-40 feet from each other.
H. G. B.
ALVA, Flan.
Directions for this mode of planting
were given by Mr. Hoyt-with a dia-
gram-in an early number of the FAR-
next number we will take up the subject
and treat of it on the basis suggested by
the enquirer.

Fencing, yield per acre, soil and season, difficul-
r ties encountered, general treatment.
f A statistician estimates the cost of Cotton-Long and Short Staple-Plant-
d fencing of our American farms at $2,- ing and culture, marketing crop, man-
000,000,000, or nearly the aggregate of agement of seed, products from the
n our national debt. On an average, this seed.
e fencing requires renewal every ten years,
a necessitating an average outlay of $200,- Sngar Cane and Sorghum-Varieties,
000,0,000 per annum ; that is, protection culture, making syrup and sugar, condi-
Sagainst our neighbors'live stock imposes tion of market.
e the necessity of a permanent investment Tobacco-Varieties, history in Florida,
. in unproductive fixtures of a capital recent experiences, seed, culture manu-
n nearly equal to the capital stock of all facture.
our railroads, and the payment of an FRI(TS. -
s annual tax, the proceeds of which nearly Citrus Fruits-Comparison of varie
* equal the entire revenue of our national ties, hardiness and productiveness, moth-
government. This tax, it should be re- ods of propagation, methods of planting
membered, falls exclusively upon the and culture comparative effects of for-
agricultural interest, as the above esti- tilizers, marketing of fruit, preservation
mate does not include the inclosures of of fruit wine and other products.
town lots of manufacturing establish- FLOW
ments.- FI;oER DN.- -
e I have no means at band of testing the Plants:adapted to this climate, out_--.
accuracy of the above estimate, and feel door culture, management, of green-
- disposed to reduce it. But making all house.
Srer.s,:.nale allowance, it is evident that INECT' ENEMIES AND FUNGO.iD DISEASES.
t it involves a very large residuum of Nature of damage done and remedies.
f truth. If it is even half as great as
represented, te fencing tax is one of We do not desire letters written mere-
:the most grinding imposts ever levied ly in praise of special localities unless-
upon productive ndindug impostry. If the farm- claims to favor are based on the products
ers upon productive industry. were If thelled farm- or productiveness of the soil. Articles
ers of our. country were compelled by of an animated or rivaiaius stvlea rede-
law to pay $100 000,000 per annum from sirable by way of varie tyb prac ical
Sthe proceeds of their labor by way of di- statements and" desc variations shou practical
Srect tax to the General Government, statements and descriptions should be
rect tax to the General Government, concise and as much to th e point as pos-
there would be no bounds to their corn- sible.
plaints. But this tax, for it is a real tax, SCLLANEOUSSUB TS
is.borne, if not cheerfully, yet without MISCELLANEOUS SUBJECTS. -
serious murmurings, from the fact that Bees and bee plants, silk culture and.
Sit is accepted as one of the necessities of the mulberry, hunting and fishing, dogs
the situation. and dog laws, fences anti roads, legisla-
But is this idea true ? Is it one of the tion for farmers, homestead laws, trans-
necessities of agriculture that the crop portation, mrarketitng produce, esperi-
raiser be compelled, at boundless ex- etal farms, agricultural education,
pense, to protect himself against the rav- home manufactures., natural history
ages of the domestic animals of the stock of Florila, history: points, sar"it.ary ad-
raiser? I believe that this is one of the vice, farm iritliugtg. .:.ru-e furnishing,
untenable prejudices of the olden time farm .machiner- v,. ria iplements,
that is destined to be exploded by the water Supply, Cooi_ ;ii"pliances.. re-
advance of civilization. Instead of re- cipes for cooking, .': me deorationo,
quiring this outlay of the crop raiser, I household economy. au. eral and eartbs,
believe that a true social order would climatology, hints c-i ti" ? care :f chil-
impose this duty upon- the stock raiser, dren, on dress, habit. readingn. amuse-
who caU,' piriform it at much smaller ex ments, etc. -
pease. By thie ,piec ,-. of soiling ani- N.TrIVE-TREES AND HERBS. .:
mals, the stock raiser is now able to dis- Planting tree for ornament or utility,
pense with all farm fences, except his the burning over of forest lands, the
line fences and such enclosures as may lumber and turpentine industries, the
be necessary to confine his stock. 'If his tanfining industry, phenomena-of plant
neighbors would follow his example, IIs itie. weeds and noxious plants,.
,line fences might also be dispensed with. N. B.-Specimens may be sent to the
-The question of personal right is editor for identification. Information is
whether the individual stock raiser desired respecting popular names and
should be permitted to subjectsociety to uses.
an enormous burden to guard against All communications for the editorial
the ravages of his animals, or whether department should be a dressed to
society should require, him to guard in treating of the above and related
.against these same injuries at a compar- subjects, practical experience is much to
atvelytrifling expense: I do, not be- be preferred to theoretical know, :
lieve that he has any natural right thus edge: yet there are topics needing di-
to tax his neighbors. Legislation is be- cussion which have to be treated of
ginning to embrace this new idea. from a somewhat theoretical stand-
Dtu ringa visit to Virginia Iwasinformed point.
by an intelligent farmer that the law of EDITORFARmER ANDFFREIT-GEOWER
that State recognized a man's line as hisAN T-G
fence, and protects him against the ray-
ages of his neighbors' cattle, either by APORT,
the confiscation of the offending animal
or by au action of damages, or both. The Hernando County, Elorida,
benefit of the new system is so generally Sixteenmiles west of Hernando Hotel, Brooks-
appreciated that .only one man in the ville,on theshore of theO Gulf at the mouth of a
neighborhood, refused to accept it. -His beautiful Spring River. Finest fishing, boating,
appreciation of the claims of justice, 'and sailing. Good accommodations. Try-weekl .
however, had lately- been questioned by Hack Line. .
several prosecutions. -
If this policy should be generally, TAMPA. HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY,
adopted, agriculture will be relieved of a .1 FLORIDA.
cheapened, and subsistence will willecome General Business and Real Estate Agency of
more abundant. The stock raiser, it is N CONOLEY.
true, will be deprived of the herbage of If you wish a town lo. an orange grove, or
the roadside, but by turning his atten- wild lands In tbis rapidly Improving section,
tion to scientific and economic methods orif you have iaxes to be paid, or property to
of stock feeding, and by adapting his be improved, or money to be invested, write
business to its legitimate conditions, he o bis agency.
wili place it upon a sounder basis. The Money can be placed' on Rel Estate with a
cheapening of general crop raising will Margin on dwo-tlrds of values at 10
more than compensate for the general and per cent
confinement of his stock to his feeding FREE OF CHARGE TO LENDr.m .
inclosures. But the material benefit is Ninety days to foreclose mortgage whirf
not the only one. The removal of those tresnoconst. costs an attor-
eyesores, the old worn fencpA will add turthrr tnfoltuarton and send "or list or p.
-to the landcL-up,- an element o.' beauty erty for Sale.
which will minister to the h other ele- W. N. CONOLEY, fI
meuts of our nature, and enhance thie Tampa, Flortid
attrnactionsi=-j- -- -- Perl ey rEF RENCES-Ex-Governor Drew,Ja,'
..0..." ri. -c "_ v, le:to LL.ntl onal Bnni* "- .pa.'
wsnajoaerican Cultivator.' -






Hints to Correspondents.
The readers of the FLORIDA FARMEAR<
AND FRUIT-GROWER are respectfully in-
vited tb contribute to its columns articles
and notes on all subjects pertaining to
the farm, garden, orchard and louse-
hold affairs. The range of topics which
will be discussed in this journal maybe
gathered from the subjoined table, which
may serve to suggest what might other-
wise escape attention: -
Clearing land, draining land, crops for
new land, succession of crops, intensive
farming, treatment of different soils,.
resting land, soiling vs. pasturing, cow
penning, green manuring. _
Horses, mules, cattle, hogs, sheep,.
poultry-Breeds, feed, diseasees,-treat-
Cotton seed, cotton Ieed meal, barn-
yard manure, guano, ground bone, su-
per-phosphate, gypsum, lime. kainit,
ashes, marl, muck, leaf mould, com-
Bermuda grass, crab grass, Para grass
Guinea grass, Terrell grass, orchard
grass, red-top grass, Johnson grass, Texas
blue grass, pearl millet, German- millet,
millo maize, kaffir corn, teosinte org-
hum, fodder corn, cow peas, desmodi-
um, Mexican clover, lespedeza, alfalfa,
Peach, pear, fig, persimmon, Japan
plum, Kelsey plum, native plum, mul-
berry, qflince, apricot, guava, ;banana,
pineapple sapodilla, mango, a-vocada,
pear, cocoanut, pecan, English walnut,
almond, pomegranate, olive, grape,
strawberry, blackberry, raspberry-Va
rieties, their characteristics, effects of
soil, weather, etc., best methods of
Corn, oats, rye, wheat-Varieties; -




Wur avmf 9ifPt.


With a-helping hand and a Welcome for all
Who wish to be friendly and make us a call;
With words of good counsel for'old friends and
Who come to us seeking the best way to do.
All questions of, general Interest will be
answered through these columns.
Personal inquiries will be answered by mall
when accompanied by stamp for reply.
Subscribers are cordially Invited to take a
seat in our Cosy Corner, and exchange views,
experiences and recipes of mutual benefit.
"Help ye one another."
Communications Intended for publication
must be brief, clearly written, and only on
one side of the paper.
All matter relating to this department
should be addressed to
Fla. Farmer and Fruit-Grower,
Montclair, Fla.

Our Cosy Corner.
You may thfiink that word obsolete-a
-title without an owner-but you are all
wrong. There are plenty of slaves in
your country yet--aye, in your
own -town-nay, more, in your own
house -
For there are more kinds of slavery
than one. "Early in our-lives," said a
-fambus man, "my wife and I resolved
not to be the slaves of things, not to put
obur lives in subjection to them or to un-
necessary work and We have never re-
gretted it." -
And surely that was true, for they
were then enjoying the evening of a
long life-day, that had been remarkable
for its ennobling influence upon others,
for its purity and its usefulness in good
Because they had kept their resolve
"not to be the slaves of things."
The man who chains himself to his
desk, or.his store, or his farm work, and
will not take time to polish his mind or
his manners, or to. study and acquire
knowledge and culture, until finally he
loses entirely the little of either he ever
possessed, and with them the desire for
more-that man "is a slave to things"-
he is "of the earth, earthy.".
The woman who toils and plans and
plots to gain a place in society, who
wastes her time in the hard labor of
paying calls on people she does not care
for in the least, from whom she will
.gain not one atom of .improvement or a
noble thought, and who will, in return,
pay theirdebt to her for the same, by
"' 'devast ing," as Emerson fitly calls it, still
more of that time which is rapidly flee-
ing away into eternity-that woman is a
slave, and we pity while we condemn
her, and if she does not feel the fetters
that she has bound about her intellect,
Usher time and higher self, then still more
-do we pity her. -
The woman who puzzles her brains (or
what she calls such'i to devise ways and-
means by which she can become: the
possessor of some article of vhrtu because
i. t is fashionable and "the thing,"or who
-tires herself out stitching at a tble
cover, or mautel hanging. or sereeu,
While her less attractive pain sewing is
put aside or hired tut, because she "is
not strong enough," or has not time
enough. this is another woman who is a
slave to things. I
It is certainly desirable to have pretty
house-furnishings; they are more at-
Stractive and -homelike "than ugly ones,
lut it is also certainly better to do with-
: out them than hire yourself- out to toil
over them, when you are finot able and -
cannot spare either.strength or time or
Money to pay yourself for your labor.
Fashion is a hard task-master, and a
very poor pay-master. yet how, many
voluntary slaves it owns.
The young girl who thinks of nothing
hut parties and picnics and fancy w 'rk.
personal adornment and viiting. and1
has no time left to learn the homely duties
and pleasuresof lie.to study art or music.
and no time to carry her mind upwards.
no time to think or to grow in grace audi
knowledge. this girl ti a live to tilings,
and we grieve ,:rr the poor. useless.
wreck of a life that wesee streti-lhing out
before her-- shallow ripple, with no
deep, strong channe:owing beneath the
The housewife who finds no time for
any higher occupation than the narrow
treadmill of so-called domestic and social
duties-the drudgery of the kitchen, the
eternal round of mending and making,
cleaning and cooking; the mother who is
too full of work.to give ear to her chil-
dren's eager. conflidences, or to mingle
with them as friend and companion, to
guide the occupations their active liittle
hands must have. or to assist them in
their studies-these also are the slaves of
things, and if they look not to it they
will pay the sad penalty for neglect of
their higher and better nature, for it
cannot be trampled upon and then pi.:ked
up at- will. It simply ceases to
exist, and rather than this should be it
were better for the grave to close above
thelife which has become so warped and
And this is just the danger that threat-
ens so many of our Floi ida housekeepers
and mothers. a
Coming, for the most part, from
homes in the older States, where-not
only comforts, but luxuries are every
"day accompaniments, where system
aid order and well trained domestic help
are m-atters of course; coming from these
well ordered dwellings, where there was
every convenience at ha.d, and above all
-eomeone else to perform the mere routine
work, it is a very hard thing for the new
Florida housekeeper to reconcile herself
t- o the far different state of her household
. .-that is simply inevitable. .
Nine out of ten -before long find them-
:-.._sehves compelled tb work as they never
.worked before in all their lives, and the
i&, question withJvery many, whose health
a":nd strength ari sadly inadequate to the
st. rain laid'upon..them,toonubecomes .a..
*ver'Seriuus, sometimes a "ftl- one......
* '. *"^^e not be, anid it- kd. so .only
r_-7 .'t.icsekeeper permits herselF to
"i's a. ""-'---' of- things, which is '
*ai.wtfc't man -ill3o, once ,
""'"* *'* '^o thb fabti. -
.... " .... _

into the cracks to polish and brighten.
For fine muslin or delicate lace it is in-
valuable; as it cleans without rubbing
the finest fabric. Put a-few drops into
your sponge when taking a bath in hot
weather, and you will be astonished at
the result, as it imparts coolness to the
skin. Use it to cleanse fair brushes, and
to wash any hair or feathers to be used
for beds or pillows. When employed in
anything that is not especially soiled, use
the waste water afterwards for the house
plants by immersing them in the tub of
water. Ammonia is a fertiliz",r, and
helps to keep healthy the plant it nour-
ishes. In every way, in fact, ammonia
is the housekeeper's friend.
A good way to use up stale sponge or
cup cake is as follows:
SCut the cake into round pieces with a
cake cutter and fry them brown in hot
lard. Dip each piece into boiling milk,
drawing it quickly out, lay it on a hot
dish, then spread each piece with peach
butter or fruit jam; serve hot with
cream over them. '
Del m iou ic, talking about entrees, says
that Amuiericaus tiguli t tcopy the Fren-ch
metihoil of utilizing small bits ;of raw
meats andti fon-Is, aindl oit re-cok:,king all
kind.ls of cold joint- and pieces of cooked
meats which remain day by dayt from
every dinner in almost every family.
The success of such dishes depends
mainly on the sauce, which is bestmade
from broth "
This is his recipe-for such a sauce for
meats: -
Take an ounce of ham or bacon, cut it
up'in-small pieces, and fry it in hot fat.
Add an onion or carrot cut up, thicken
.with flour, then add a pint or a quart of
broth, according to the quantity desired;
season with pepper and salt, or any herb
that is relished, and let it simmer for an
hour: skim carefully and strain.
'ol'i roar t :ir lbt:l--ed Itef or mutton
may I:e cut into iqlirl'e;. fri.-d brown in
butter, and tien eenrlv steel in ihe
abore sauce. Try it.

To every dozen of cucumbers put. three
large onions; cut both in thick slices and
sprinkle salt ower them. Next day drain
-them for five or six hours, then put
them into a stone jar, pour boiling vine-
gar over them, and keep them in a warm
place; repeat the boiling vinegar and
stop them up again instantly, and so on
till green; the last time put in pepper and
ginger; keep in stone jars. Tne vine-
gar will be found very good for winter
Gather young cucumbers about the
length of your middle finger, and lay in
strong brine one week; wash and soak
them a day and night in water, chang-
ing this four times; line a preserving
kettle with vine leaves, lay in the cu-
cumbers with a little alum scattered be-
tween them, cover with vine leaves;
after having filled up the kettle with
water, put on a close lid and green them
as'for pickles;: do not let them boil.
When well-greened drop them in ice
water; when perfectly cold wipe, and
with a small knife slit them down one
side; dig out the seeds, stuff with a mix-
ture of chopped raisins and citron, sew
up the slit with- a fine thread, weigh
them and make a syrup, allowing, a
pound of sugartoonepound of cucumber
and one pint of water. Heat to a boil,
skim and drop in the fruit, simmer half
an hour, take out and spread upona dish
in the sun, while you boil down the
syrup with a few hlices of ginger root
added. When thick put in the cucum-
bers again, simmer five minutes, and
put up in glass jars, tying them up when
cold.'. -.- -
Next week we shall make tomato
repi- pr-s a speciahIy. -

OurYoung Folks' Corner.
A-nice picture book each month to the boy
or ilrl tvwoo Lseam'in-.,! itr'-iriist Oi unat:r!t-Lof su*
,i- 'ior "IH FLO)ior.,A FAIrn AND FRaii-
,E rTF.'.WEP. ouin: I t it Ihoth
A t-.:.',auliiilly in:,,,rj-l :':'1", -- th .:- [ i.-ir-
Ild'rtD'- n ; -r,,, oine,. N,. i t c. -', o rii.- b-',
.-r Ari r.-h -r .i13s iii lie i ,r.p-et nil ,ji., r'
-lit-.-r'li':r-; du i-ir 5|X lx\ -)u iu-.

It 'does net se m to be ,: generally known o,.,i.:.i i. -ii.: i ,i o in d-ib eic-, ,-
that the tcu number is *n-ue of the most yori race.
useful vegetabl..-s we have, and can be T bnes et h-t':i r--:.eir,' will i- lh',,he-i
eae.11 ,eek._
used in a greater variety ot ways than N.-go to work and see who wins.
any other, except the tomato. It is
better than squash and more palatable tCK.
than egg plant prepared in the same
manner ; .can be stewed, fried or stuffed. -, ,.,
and above all, can be parboiled, mashed i (C-oito .i
up in butter and fried as fritters, more Aftefr we had sent word for the owners
pleassunt and easily prepared than any toconeand take away tbe' oil cat and her
other vegetable or'fruit. When acucum- kittens, we waited for a reply or mupre
ber becomes just too old to bo used raw then month.andl by that time thi- kittens
or for pickling, it is then at its bsti for wereso active that they were very much
cooking, and may be used for that pur- in the way, and always. in s.omem iscitief:
pose even until the seeds become hard. then once more. we sent a mesage to
How to use it to the best advantage in their owners'and this time they replied :
some of these various ways we tell our "They did not want the cats, and we
readers below: could kill them if we chose."
CUoLiMBER SALAD. Now,-in such a case as this, many peo-
ple. we fear, would have carried off the
Peel and slice cucumbers, mix them mother and her little ones, aud turned
with salt, and let them stand half an them adrift, far from their dwellings,
hour, mis two tablespoonfulsof salad oil either tostarve in the woods, to become
and the same quantity of vinegar, and a veritable "wild cats," or to torment the
teaspoonful of sugar and one of pepper people in the neighborhood, and finally
for the dressing, be shot or poisoned, and meantime to
BOILED CUCUMBERS. become the sport of bad boys and men.
Cucumbers sliced and eaten raw are We have known people who thought
not always wholesome, but cooked they it cruel to take little kittens and drown
are perfectly so. them, which is a very quick and easy
Peel and slice them into cold water, death, but thought it all right to take
drain and put them over the fire In water them from their mother.and lose them
enough to cover them. in tbe wbods, or give them away where
Boil gently ten minutes, pour off the there was no milk for them to drink,
water and cover them with fresh milk. e'en though they were too.young to swal-
-Let it scald, then put in a pinch of low anything else.
salt, a teaspoonful of butter anid a little Now., dear cousins, which seems the
pepper; serve iot with warm biscuit, kindest to you, to let the little kittens
Cooked in this way it seems like a new give one single gasp in the water, and
vegetable, and may be eaten without then be forever beyond the reach of bun-
fear. ger or _thirst, or cold, or bad boys, or to
Drawn butter, such as is used for as- turn them out in the world to suffer
paragus, is an improvement, but not from all these misfortunes?
necessary. The-same may be said of the In "'council assembled." we talked tbe
slices of toast, which should accompany matter over, aud we were not long in
a dish of asparagus, coming to the unanimous opinion that it
cwCUMERr PICLE I E. was by far the kindest thing we could
CUCUMBER PICKLE kWHOLE). do to put the old cat and the little ones
Mrs. P. Y., L'hariton, Iowa, writes: "I beyond the reach of pain, for it was im-
make by the enclosed recipe splendid possibleforus toadopta family ofseven
pickles, ready to eat in six hours. Use which we knew would multiplI -
your smallest cucumbers, wash them fore long become seven -ieven.-
clean, make a good brine and pour it The kittens were'-;,ettfh-ittle things,
scalding hot over them. -Let it stand except one .;we6called the "ugly
three hours. To one gallon vinegar add little du e auue it was smaller than
.-_ -. .. .----.


Some work is absolutely necessary for a piece of alum as large as a, hickory
health, comfort and cleanliness, but we nut, 1 t it get scalding hot, put your
venture to assert that there is not one pickles in and let them remain fifteen
overworked mother and housekeeper in minutes, then take them out and throw
Florida or elsewhere who is not, per- the vinegar away. Now take a gallon
haps unconsciously and from force of of fresh vinegar and add green pepper
habit, compelling herself to tasks that (cut in two), and cinnamon and cloves,
might much better be left undone, if you like. Let this also come to a scald,
Our work might be lessened in volume then seal up in glass jars. Be sure to
if once we awaken to that truth, and use good apple vinegar and your pickles
commence to lop off the unnecessary will keep as long as you want them to.
branches. Of how this may be done, we oUCUMBER PICKLE (SLICED).
shall have more to say ere long. cucumbers sliced and boiled
Our sisters must be very bashful, they in enough vinegar to cover them one
are so very "backward in coming for- h e .our St ain theh .
ward," and such conduct is entirely too our e ase n eo; vinegar.
~~~~~~ To, ,,ach suanlonon of encoldy'vin'g... .all.o-
crab-bed to suit our genial, social cli-i one adco galln of c tveoofllowh
mate.on pound of sugar, one teaspooful each
mate __ of ginger, cinnamon, black pepper, celery
--- l seed. '
The Family Friend. One teaspoonful each of mace, allspice,
AMMONIA, cloves.
Ammonia is cheaper than soap and One tablespoonful each of tumeric,
cleans everything it touches. A few horseradish scraped, garlic sliced, and
dropsin a kettle that is hard to cleanse one-half teaspoonful of cayenne pepper.
makedrops grease and-stickiness fadeaway Use cider vinegar, if possible. Put in
and robsthe work of all its terrors. Let the cucumbers and stew gently for two
it stand ten minutes before attempting hours.
to scrape off and every corner will be The pickle will be ready for use as
clean. It cleans the sink and penetrates soon as cold, and cannot be excelled.

the drain pipe. Spots and finger marks MUSTARD PICKLES.
on paint disappear under its magical in- One hundred small cucumbers, two
flu'ience, and it is equally effective on floor quarts of silver-skinned onions, two
and oil cloth, though it must be used quarts of French beans, two cauliflow-
with care on the latter or it will injure ers, one pint nasturtiums, one dozen
the polish. There is nothing to equal it small red peppers; salt each of these in-
in cleaning the silverware, and it gives a gredients separately twenty-four hours,
higher polish and keeps clean longer then scald them well with vinegar sep-
than anything else. If the silver be only arately and throw the vinegar away,
slightly tarnished, put two tablespoon- thentake one-half pound ground mus-
fuls of ammonia into a quart of hot wa- tard, beat it smooth with a little vine-
ter, brush the tarnished articles with it gar, add two quarts of vinegar (bring
and dry with a chamois.. If- badly your vinegar to a boil before adding the
discolored they may need a little whiten- mustard), pack your pickles in bottles
ing previous to the washing. An old nail and fill up with the vinegar and mus-
brush is a useful implement, as it goes tard.

r the others, and of a queer mixed ul
Color, or rather colors, black, white anc
several shades of yellow; the other kit
tens seemed to know the difference too
and were always crowding this little ono
r away into the back ground, so that i
had a hard time to get anything to eat.
It was a difficult thing to make up oui
Minds to, but there was no question
about what ought to be done as mos
merciful; so finally a last meal war
fed to the old cat and her kittens, anc
after it, they laid down and went t(
sleep forever, without suffering half Ei
much as we did ourselves.
When we came to bury them the "ugl3
little duck" could not be found, but wi
had no doubt it had hidden away some
where to die.
That same day, strange to relate, oui
own pet cat came home, dying of E
wound given him by a cruel neighbor
who had shot him.
He was a gentle fellow, hardly mor(
than a kitten, and very fond of me, so
mourned him not a little, but there wac
nothing left now but to bury him by the
side of the othei s.
Three days after this we heard a plain
tive little cry, and peeping under th(
house, there sat the "ugly little duck,'
looking the picture of solitary misery
Sand well it might I
So far as we knew, it had up to thit
time, never tasted anything but it:
mother's milk ; it was too'young to hu)n I
for itself, and had evidently beer
hiding away all this time in terror at th(
absence of its mother and brothers and
I have told you the latter, used tc
crowd this little kitten away from itt
food, and this was the way it had escaped
the common fate of the others !".
There is "a moral" hidden away there,
Do you read it?
One way to translate it is, that they
who use their superior strength to pust
others aside, sometimes over-react
themselves; another way is, "the race it
not always to the swift, 'nor the battle(
to the strong."
Well, besides the moral, there was th(
kitten, a poor, lonely, frightened little
thing and something must be done with
it or for it.
We had noticed from the first thai
this one "ugly little duck" was more
timJid than the rest of its family, and
.woiild never allow us to approach neaw
to it.
And you may be sure it was not list
so now. In its terror and loneliness it had
hidden away just as long as it could en-
dure its hunger, and then some instinct
had brought it back to the spot where itE
family had disappeared; we understood
that well enough.
But it would come no further. Crying
pitifully, it remained out of reach under
the house, running away if we at-
tempted to reach it.,.
We could not let it stay there and
suffer, and we could not catch it.
Right then and there I made up my
mind to one thing, and that was to con-
quer that poor little kitten, that had
been so strangely spared. to take as it
seemed, the place ot my own pet, Bob,
who as I told you, was cruelly shot the
very day the others were ushered out of
the world by other means more humane.
So I began the hattie by placing a nice
saucer of milk as far under the house as
Could reach;-making sure that the
"orphling" saw it.
Then I went away, and from a dis-
tance watched the saucer,-it was a long
while before thie kitten ventured close to
it, but finally it came near enough to
smell the milk.,
I wish yotu could have s,-en it then I I
really believe I enjoyed- that saucer of
milk as much it did, and that is sayiuga
great deal.
It tasted it suspiciously at first, but
after that it seemed as if it could not
swall,.- fast enough,, and it did not
v. a .ingle .iiop.
Then it-ran back under the house, and
i t-nct quietly and took away the saucer.
c:iling gently to the wild-eyed little
tring crouw-thing there, ready to run.:
That was the first skirmish; how the
battle went on I will tell youlater--next
week perhaps.
Take a piece of bla( k oil-cloth tyou
can get it at any harneses-nmaker'i), cut
one piece fix and a half by seven inches
for the nack then cut four pieces, three-
cornered, two of thm'r seven and a 'half
inches on one side, and five on theother
sides, and the other two. six and a half
inches on one side and fire on the other
two sides. Now bind each piece with nar-
row ribbon and line them, turning in
the edges and catching it down nicely
on the binding. Now lay them on the
back, the long sides on the longest of the
back, etc., then sew over and over on
the right side; this brings the points all
in the center. Fasten the two end points
together and put a hook on one side-
point and an eye on the other. Then
put a little bow on the outside.
Excellent for colds, is made by
boiling one pound of clarified su-
gar within a very little water until
it is brittle: when cool stir in one tea-
spoonful of powered ginger. Or beat
the white of an egg very light, and add
this to the sugar with twenty drops of
Jamaica ginger. Pour upon buttered
plates and mark, before it is too stiff, in.
the form of blocks; when cold you have
to chip them apart with a cold sharp
knife. ,
Professor Arnold states that it costs
more to make milk from old cows than
it does from young ones, having the
same milk capacity. As a rule the best
effect do not last beyond theeighth year
of thescows age.
Dbgs are taxed $1 each in Ohio. Any
iog, running at large may be killed and
its owner fined. The sheep industry in
Ohidls'a very extensive and profitable
o0e2-7stl would be the'case here if we
haad a.qhnilar law.
:Ifljlissouri the law provides that own-
?rs oP dogs shall be fined one dollar for
each aay they allow their dogs to live,
ifter iaving'been notified in writing'of
heir Sheep-kiulling exploits.


-Florida Orange Food per ton-............... 23.00
Florida Vegetable Food per ton......... 28.00
Analysis: Bone Phosphate of Lime, 30 per
cent.; Sulphate of Potash, 12 per cent.; Mag-
nesia,d percent. Lime. Soda andotherva[-
uable Ingredients.

We make a specialty of the" ,
(the earliest variety known),
and can show trees of thd'latter that stood the
cold last winter as well as the Orange, and ..

Send for Catalogue. .

P. 0. Winter Park Fi


Rare tropicals ornamental and fruit plants for
open air culture In Florida, and for the North-
ern greenhouse. Also, a fall line of semi-tropt- -
tcal trees, plants and grasses, and general nur-
sery stock adapted to Florida and the South.
Exotica from India, Australia and the West
Indies, many of them never before introduced
into the Umted States.
The moat complete descriptive catalogue of
tropical and semi-troplcal plants published in
America. Catalogue mailed, post-paid, on re-
ceipt of 15 cents. Free to-allcustomers.
Manatee, Florida.

oCj- IDE'S

Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 29, E. R., N. Y., every Tuesday, Thursday.
and Saturday at I p m .. .
The Freight and Passenger AccommodatIons by this Line are unsurpased by any ships in
the coatwise service. For further Information, apply to -.. -
CLARENCE WAGNER, Agt., J. A. LESLIE, Agt7,' *.- ,' t
Fernandina, Fla., Jacksonvle, Fla., S. W. cor. Bay and Hogan.. ,
TEBO. G.EGER, Traffic Manager, \---M. P CLYDE&O.,-
8 5Broadway, N. Y General Agent, 85 brolwsy, N. Y r

- t

What the Future Will be to Those Who ":NPA
Refuse to Believe. UNKNOWN PEAS
Is this country unconsciously undergoing ..
a wonderful change, is the change to take Greatest Vine Producers on the Market.
place before we are aware of the fact, and '
when it has taken place will we wonder why E3IVTSILTA -E -O-00 I -W3 ,'
we dfd not see it before it was too late? Cu t'. t .- .
.Thosethat see the changes early avail Ensilage C utters. (Silos, made in
themselves early, and thereby receive bene- Sections.) -
rhe i-bhrewd iron man sees the iron inter- Ever,'thing to Plant at Bottom Prices,: 0<
e.t transferred from Pitisbnrg and Peinsyvl- e '
vaniato Birniogham, Alabama. and in bis SO. SEE CO., Macon, Ga.
far-cigtAedne6s sees tee furnaces ia Penay[l- J. I.Ellis, President. "
varia torn down and deserted for tris new Se, fo Ir- .i- on e a _n Si
and proliiDc field. It is claimed by the iron en.d for t-atise o.n euilage and Silos.
men ol A'absama that Ihbe lo price at which .. .. "
iron can be pr:.id-,icd tlere will revolution- R,-N.,ELLIS, C. E -A. E.MCCLURE, Architect.
iz-'the iron inlerestaofibe wo id. -
We have seen tne grain-growingcentres of -- ELLIS & McCLIRE,
this country shifted to the West. We have
seen iris parkbracking indiubtry flit from Ainid P.
Coincinnati to Chicago. and from thence to Architcbtllos Civil Enllnoorsl I
Kansas Citr and Omaha. .onihern cotton -
mills undersell New England andl American Plans for
markets, and challenge tee word.
We have seen and are seeing all this take HOTELS, PUBLIC &- PRIVATE BUILD
place before our eyes, and know that other I Ntc. ,.A N I tARY ENGINEERITNO. &.
changes are taking place equally as promi- P-. c0- ox 784. Rooms 7 and S Palmetto Biockr,
nent, and we wonder as we behold them. : Br Strveet. T'F
Ten years eg)i the insurance companies only Ja.XCl rtLE, FLA.
required an analvyis of the Unids when they
were taking insurance for very large GRADED JERSEYS FOR SALE. ,
amounts. Today no first-class co-mpauy
will inInre anoy amount unless they have a Afew Graded Jerseys for sale in calf by a -
rigid analysis of the fluids, passed, and if any J. C. U. Bull Panic, No. 9,420. Panic is-a
traces of certain disorders are apparent the grandson of Duke of Darlington, No. 2,640, and'a -
application is rejected. In their reports sonofUpr..ar, N-. .l,',, our ..f Bi-ori Beautr,
they show that the death of sixty of every daughter oftIr..n Bati ii,k,.rrd, No.. l.."
100 people in this country is due either di- Apply to SCRSOAER BROS,
rectly or' irdirectly to such disorders. The Tallahassee, Fla.
Brompton Hospital for consumptives, Lon- aanassee, a.
don, England, reports that sixty I.f every 100
victims oft consumption also have serious F ONESMP GOPY.-
disorders of the kidneys. FREE, SA MP LE i |-
Among scientists for the treatment of this Before yon decide where to go in SOUTH
dread malady the question is being dis- FLOIDA, send for a sample copy of
"Is not this disorder the real cause of con- You will find better and cheaper bargains in
sEumption?" MANATIE County in groves, farms, ranches of
Tea years ago the microscope was... se any size. Building lots on railroad, uiver .r s-a,-
Ten years ago the. microscope o -side The proprietor of "The Orang- r.:.. is
thing seldom found in a physician's office; an "old timer," but neither moss backed or .hide
now very physician (f standing has one bound; he is here to stay and "There is millions
and seldom visits his patients-without call- in it."- Three Millions of Acres on his Books.
ing for a sample of fluids for examination. Address, THE GROVE, LIVERPOOL, FLA. .
Why is all thit? Is it possible that we of .
the present generation are to die of diseases N1OTICE. -
caused by kidney disorder? or shall we mas-
ter the cause by Warner's safe cure, the only --
-recognixzd specific, and thus -remove the TO WHOM IT MAY CONOCERN:
effect? It is establishedbeyond a doubt, Sixty days after the first publication of this
that a very large percentage of deaths in this, notice a-plication will be made to the Legis-
country are traceable to diseased kidneys, lature o loridafor thepassage'of a charter
For years the proprietors of Warner's safe of the Florida Fruit Exchange whereby
cure have been insisting that there is no the capital stock may be increased4to a sum
sound -health when the kidneys are diseased greater than Fifty Thousand Dollars;-the par
... ....) '..value of shares tobe reduced from One Hun-
and they enthusiastically press their specific ri-'d T.-.lat- ,-, Ten u'oiiar, per sihar: to atl-
for this terrible disorder upon public-atten- io-' tr a:.:,rpratl.:-n to pur.h.-b-e and convey -
lion. We are continually hearing its praises, 'u'i r-ql [1an.- p-.onaL property as may he
sounded i eer'-d nc.csary'>' iti uefurness, ntud-
tis6mans .--wonder! Ine vnl,.-!s n tI ransportatlon; to lease or
imsmeaoeorwone ,-r building f.-r srrage oi produ,:e. and
Can not thepropiietorsofthisagreatremedys adTvan,-r cn produi-e; to manufacturers and sell
who have been warning us oft the danger, ui'u mnaterials as may h. us-.'nil 10 rult grow-
tell us how to avoid a di-ease that at 6rat is era and crdt-neurs, rnd grneriilly.to tr&ansact.
so important, and is so fatal in is, termi- 1 bu-in',U',1 me;-".n_-. tye f mr rie interest of '
nat ..io A m'm .-rs and '-therrs c-,n eit'ted with fruit.
natio? Are we to Lope against hope, and growiunand kimndred pursuits, and for such
wait without cur reward'? ;ter p.:;,wers and e.rivieges asrmay be deemed
The mrst significant of all changes, how- ue(:c-.;ary and .rper.--
ever, that we of to-day can note ia this radi- IE0. RF. -%I PPR.NKS,
GEl) H. ORRIS ....
cal rharga of view to which the public has D. .B,E.E.NE- ,
been educated: It was formally thought R. J. DOYLEA, -
that the kidneys we e of very small impor- N' W. IMOORE,
tancF, to-day, we believe, it is generally ad- J. rl Mit'HELL, l -.-
mitted that there can be no such thing as o Bf.LLO CKT '
sonrd health in any organ if they are in the n.B 'r BkER,"
least degree deranged. "Board Dretors. .
Florida Frurt Exchange.
In cleaningsilver, kerosene may be -Jacksonville, FIa Februar" 16,17
used with advantage. d tt-AITLAND N E
Carpets may be brightened by dust- N1'R E" .S S .
ing with a damp flannel mop. -
Ants may-be driven out by sprinkling "- -
the floor with Persian powder. .


Orders will be booked now for delivery dur- -- .
Ing April, May or June, of my superior race .
o if :.a r e A "
or ar "Buds not placed on small stocks, but on extra

Itialianl Bos alu OD i: large and fine ones..

Queens by mall a specialty.,.
Give me a trial order. .
For prIcl-s oi other nlnformnation, address

Enstis, Orange Co.. Fla.

Fancy Poultry and HuIting Dogs,
Eggs For Hatching From Leading Va-
rieties of Domesticated" Land
and Water Fowl.
--$1.m rm: 13S--
AlsoThoroughbred YoungSeLttersand Hounds.
Manatee, Ffa.

Job priptipq




well-ventilated and wholesome bed to Crude Cotton Seed for Cattle.
f sleep on. If the pen is damp and cold,or is A Louisana correspondent of the New
filthy or musty ; if the bed is a rotten, Yo Tribune says: For the infoa
Inquiries concerning diseases of domestic mouldy, dirty mass of straw; if the pigs tion of dairymen and cattle raisers North
Vnimals may be addressed to Dr. D. 0. Lyon, have to wade in filth and slush up to and West I give the result of my long
acksonvlle, Florida, who will answer them their knees, and to pick more or less oflong
through this column, their food out of this disgusting and experience in the use of raw cotton seed
strong-smelling mass; in short, if every- as worth, both giving about one gallonows of equal
To Prevent Colic After Grazing. thing in and around thepen is not clean, worthlk twice a giving about one gallon of
QUESTION-Is it advisable to pasture dry and sound, you may well suspect i te a pa ure One nh
mules in this country? For example, that the cause of the hog's cough lies was fed with onsame gallon only of cotton
animals worked all the week, will they visibly before your eyes. Do you ned seed morning and night, and immediateton
keep in better health to turn them in a to be told that these unhealthful condi- eflow increased. In one week the
pasture lot from Saturday night to Mon- tions ought to be removed ?-FARMER. ly the flow increased. In gone week the
day morning, thereby giving them a If a sow's udders are caked and sore so gallons at each milking ; the other one
change of diet? By sowing oats or rye that she will not let the pigs feed, take held her own, one gallon, without cot-
for use in winter, a continuous pasture the pigs out, throw the sow and fasten ton seed. At the end of the first week I
can be maintained the year round, her feet to staples driven into the floor; stopped feeding the first cow any cotton
With plenty of salt at their command, bathe the udders well with hot water seed, but left her to run on the same
will they become sanded? and milk and rub them gently. Then pasture and began feeding the second
A. admit the pigs and leave them to nurse cow. In exactly one week the yield of
GAINESVILLE, Fla., April 30. over night. By the next day the sore- milk was reversed-cow No. 1 had drop-
ANSWER--Horses and mules are usu- ness will probably have nearly left, the ped back to one gallon each milking, and
ally benefitted.by being allowed to run flow of milk be pretty well established, cow No. 2 advanced to two gallons I
in grass, if the pasturage is high and and the mother will allow the pigs to then begai to feed both alike, adding
dry and the grass of good quality. But nurse without further trouble. If such one quart of corn meal to each feed, and
care should be taken not to turn the is not the case repeat the operation, the result in each was alike in the space
horse out on rich pasture when the of one week. Oxen and beef cattle also
stomach is filled with grain; especially Deep Setting of Milk. thrive on raw cotton seed, one gallon
corn. twice each day being sufficient, mixed
The horse to be turned to grass on The old plan of setting was shallow with other food, to bring them up to the
Saturday night should be fed a bran pans or crocks with a large surface ex- highest standard of excellence. Why
mash for dinner Saturday with a -tea- posed to the air; and as the milk was level headed dairymen and cattle raisers
spoonful of salt in it, and there will be rarely covered, the cream would ab- everywhere have not discovered the
no danger of colic from the change. He sorb the odors of the cellar in which was merits of this great feed at $5 per ton,
should, however, be taken out Sunday stored.the winter supply of cabbages, when they use meal at $25 per ton which
night and a light feed of bran and oats turnips, onions, potatoes, etc. The mod- is distasteful to cows, is astonishing.
given But he should never be fed corn ern and better plan is that of deep set-
ing, as fermentdiation will surely follow after ago and now wonder that I ever was The Merits of Sheep Raising.
and a dangerous form of colic be prolo satisfied with any other. BY ARTHUR BROWN.
and a dangerous form of Here let rie say that I prefer tin to BY ARTHUe tOW n.
ucedo not think there is much danger of any other material for milk vessels, as it We.have no other domestic animal
saI do not think there is mucbt but that is light to handle, easy to keep clean and which presents to the owner so many
Sanding. There is no doubt but. that cheaper inthe long run than any other uses, with so few objections, as the
the health of th hose is improved if you get good material, still have i sheep. I will briefly enumerate some of
stated in the grazing districts of the use the cans bought twelve years ago, them. t
North, where the average life of the although some of them have needed They make the quickestreturns for the
faNorth where the average life of the new bottoms. The best size and shape investment in them, being ready for eat-
farin cities horse is fifteen yten ears, .while for a can is twenty inches deep and ing at three or four months old and
in cities seldom s n L eight inches in diameter. They are yielding a valuable fleece at one year s
D.O 0.L. made with a bail to carry them by, and old and perhaps a lamb also, a
n a handle soldered on one side near the They are almost entirely exempt from a
Drenching Horses. bottom to' use in emptying them. The diseases or accidents, and require no
For many disorders in the horse, giv- ears to which the bail is attached should housing, and but little care in winter or,
ing remedies by pouring the same down be set low., and stand out far enough not summer. s
the animal's throat in a liquid state is to interfere with the cover, which is Their subsistence is cheaper than that k
practiced, and, although the most speedy made to shut over the outside of the can of any other domestic animal,'grass and
benefits may sometimes be given in this so as to prevent' any water entering stock fodder being all they will require
way, there is at the same time a liability 'when it is used for cooling the milk. at any season. s
to cause injury. There is no mofe important point in During the greater part of the year es
A veterinary surgeon says that when the care of milk than rapid cooling and they are truly valuable for cleaning up t
-the drench consists of substances-for the maintainingof uniform temperature. the weeds on the farm, which constitute p
instance, oil or -grease-to which horses and cans of eight inches in diameter their cheif subsistence in summer.
have a natural aversion; when the sick give so good a conductor, that the tem- They supply the family, at all seasons,
horse is suffering with a disease which is perature is easily controlled. There are with the most wholesome and the cheap-
attended with fast breathing,, like pneu- two ways to reduce the temperature est and most delicious meat, of the most t
monia, colic, etc., and when the fluid, of the milk rapidly, one by the use of convenient size for family use.
as is often the.case, is poured down in a ice, the other by water. used ice when They present valuable products in two
forcible manner; it .frequently happens I was milking a number of cows and forms, their wool and their flesh, both a
that a part of the fluid enters the larynx making a quantity of butter to sell, and of which are adapted to home consump- ]
and goes down the windpipe into the have used water since we only kept cows tion and to sale, and both of which are
lungs, and causes there an inflammation for family use. If one has abundant adapted to either domestic or distant a
which frequently becomes 'fatal. When supply of cold well or spring water, it markets. .
giving remedies in this way, hold the will take the place of ice, and if it can The transportation of them to market s
-- rs's-headpI,-fig-his mouth, and then be arranged to flow through the milk alive is cheaper than of any other live
pinch and rub his throat until he swal- room it will be cheaper and more con stock of the same value, and the same
lows the liquid.-N. C. Farmer. venient. is true also of their wool, compared with S
S' One advantage of the use of deep cans other and similar agricultural products. a
Milk Fever, is that they can be kept in any cheap Wool may be more easily and safely r,
ii shed or outbuilding, for they are closed kept, in expectation of a better market,
Milk fever is one of the dangers to nearly or quite air tight and the cans than any other and similar product, as
which dairy cows are exposed, especially are either submerged in water or shut it is less liable to 'fire, insects, rats or
among those that are fed high and into an ice chest, so that no atmospheric rotting. I .
crowded for milk. Of course cases of influence can affect the milk and nothing The value of sheep and wool is more p<
fever will occur where there has been no disturb it. If water is used a narrow uniform than most similar investments, t
high feeding; the writer lost a fine grade trough must be provided so that the cans and is therefore safer and-more surely qi
Shorthorn in. June, whose only ration can be set in, and some arrangement calculated at the commencement. y
was what grass she gathered in the pas- must be made for fastening. them down An investment in them is self enlarg- sla
tuie, though she had corn meal before or the water will float them. It is best ing, and rapidly so, by their annual in- tio
she left the stable. She was in good con- by means of a wind pump or a regular crease, while their wool pays much in fi
edition, and the second best cow in a herd flow from a spring to have a stream of the.way of interest at the same time, su
of twenty-five. Experienced breeders water constantly flowing in and out of which is not true of many, if of any sim- l
are all but unanimous in their opinion the box, but with only the milk from ilar investments. ch
that high, injudicious feeding some eight or ten cows the pumping can be BLACKWATER, Fla. 'th
weeks before the calf is dropped is the done by hand,.and the water changed su
causeef nine-tenths of the milk fever in twice a day. An old Sheep Breeder's Advice. th
the country. It is a verve difficult thing Perhaps some good old mother takes In sheep ha
for a man who loves fine stock, and who off her specTacles gd and the a, In breeding sheep for wool, start with, ha
knows the value of generous feeding, to wonder if Waldo shuts the milk up n thoroughbred or even grade ewes as ash
put his favorite cows on short rations these tight-cans warm from the cow? he large in size as they can be had, of good or
and see them lose flesh, but that is gen- don't say anything about leaving the length and thickness of wool,neither too lat
erally the only safe way. Fair rations of off till it cools." Yes, my good woman, coarse or gummy. Use for breeding lat
good hay, no meal of any,kind,.but a that is just what I do. I remember none but those of strong constitutions rio
daily ration of roots, will in nearly every reading about the "animal odor" of tat have not been pampered or overfed. r
case tide over very highly fed cows. It milk which would make it putrid ifon- Procure a good thoroughbred Merino sel
is the heat producing ingredients in the fined in a close ca but if an one will ram as near prefection as you can find. a
meal which largely-does the mischief by fill a four gallon can with ocean milk of large size, quare': build, long and as by
stimulating- the heat 6f the animal.-- shut it up and then wih cold water evenly.wooled as possible. See that the eni
Farmer's Review. the tem erature aid fleece is- not too gummy or rinkly, and wbo
'*'tor ice reduce thd tlupertre r ap let the animal show himself that he has wn
Care of Swine. and inhale the odorhe will find it a strong constitution. Get hi from
We-fnd the following advice in Col- fragrant as a clOver field, some well-knownand rehable breeder; the
man's Rural World: w A ein Another sister who has t always set the never mind hw long eor short his pedi-
S- milk in shallow pans, sa ys, "I don't gree or whether he has any, f you are
Farrow Sow.-I keep only one farrow believe the cream would ever rise if the satisfied e is, a thoroughbred and will
sow. She has already had three lit ers, milk was twenty inches dee." My ge good stock. '
and is now near her fourth, -ut although dear woman, t t. a t e Never use as ram of your own railing is e
always large litters-seven to nine-I and tell me if ou evei saw nicer cream tatwill be connected with your flock. all
have never succeeded in raising more or moreof it, hn swill rine r crem Thistryingtogetinto afioc f thorough ort

asdhorn. After farrowing tie mother hurninsoud notbetoorapidno tooneof the ewes that will iniuregher for o
than three, the others -.being farrowed dep seting.' I t onecomm n cause breads by usingorars of one's own raisi o.
anad or soucud bi through acin the pen fr ill fenced butter is allowingould te and breeding or foras destroyed more good be
the first day or two. A few haci nts hn to n o o be sep than anything else that can be. oth,
unaouent wl hintres on milk to c-tand too long beforeeskimmning. anyMed Wher onemn s hould 09 o
Sthe o ng.n farrow sdou bes wat'-s gained in uantitrow is elost in one of the same breed, but not connec- t
penned up at least three days -before- quality by le. ing it '1ilger. The tned by blood t elations. Have theal es o pe t
hand. fed light nutritious food, with cream should be kept in one of the deep numbereld fromo s ar h s met
plonety of puie cougsd waterand Where the cans until just before churning andf Timothy "upward a.......s gh as
sow is of a nervous or irritable diSposi- shouldd be ripe but not, .sour,. or' only our flckgoes carrvaemaII noLe-book whe
cougon its wella smpto remove te ilks atoeep up, always k cean Th Barley i. h ...i anything happens tha
andpigs should may result from ome te- quality of the food a mu todo with O. ** .. 0 rie
in the pen experienced butter maker would, take .r-d"ng o fo "etping, i, should be be u
for a couple of days ; feed as abure, then any stock in a" fye minu.t" chrn, for noted down. as it will lbe of gieat aEsis-. proc

poris a shade, frritason, or uit may be the acks the -quare of the milk. hour be sourent in Wheatt e shearing time* ... in but
symptom of something far deeper and ter so good as to carry it clear out of Wheat Bran of i
thmore lasting. lug anyo different agndicates competiewio i all substitute The The Iowa Agrculturl College, after iou
shrritation in the taparat as far aonshial rihet mee of milk not usually e Oil mealseperieting make the following dis

tubes, and perhaps in both It may largest, nor yet is i' alwac the smallest. **asicaton f te re-atve va es of
and dcome sympanot get theiallr, from some de- Know by e t andry not by guess, whi Prof. Robertd as mlk producersas that wheuth we

frequently do not thrie. Possibly i is the most profitable cow isa your herd, sell Potatoes worth of wheat we sel ..........1 and
is te result of a cold, but no matter andwhy why she is the beunabe t. Weighing make a worth of plat food. Butter, 0 --Cit
onwt the hicause, it is coughsafe ,to investigate dcw's milk will potent return. Ifycause her theo giean at 5 cents per pound, take' out a suc
a pigcough is a symptom of. having the smilktute a better one. Thelk crean.mery ss- sell a horse for 00, we have p ted Cit
porary locance thation, or it has among be- the is the moqat rational and economical with buut- Wheat .The lesson is bi- suppt
syman beings.of somethe animal has adry, dairy prices s ever employed ous, less wheat and more t'ck.-r. wholf i

man beings. See if the animal has a dry, dairy process ever" employed. ous, less wheat and] more stock.--r, wthol

Sonfirg 4nd Jim-

How to Manage Young Chickens
An experienced writer on the subject
of chicken-b"'eeding says:
If, when the chicks begin to hatch out
there seems to be much difference in the
time of their appearance, the first comer
had better be taken away and wrap-
ped in a dry cloth, or they may be put
into a basket and a handful of loose cot-
ton thrown over them, and then they
should be put nearithe stove. If this is
not done, their cries may make the hen
so uneasy that she will trample them to
death, or she may leave the nest and go
off wi'h such of the brood as can follow,
without stopping to hatch out the rest.
Return them to her- at night, placing
them under her wings, and leaving her
in the dark, as if put in during daylight
some hens will consider them intruders
and drive them from the nest or kill
them at once.
The chickens will need no food for the
first twenty-four hours after they hatch
out. A hard-boiled egg is excellent food
for a day or two, but it is not essential
as some of the writers on poultry would
have us believe, and should not form the
entire food for more .than one day. Give
corn meal or cracked corn, or a little oat
meal at first, scalding it, but leaving it
so that it will not be too wet. The
dough should be stiff enough to crumble
in the hands. For a few days feed nearly
every hour through the day, and be on
iand with their warm-breakfast in good
season in the morning.
Do not use musty or damaged grain
in fact do not use it for any fowl).
When four or five days. old they may. be
given a little dry cracked corn or wheat
at night, and at two weeks'old it will ,o
o begin to feed less freque-.ty, and to
'ary the food more. Boiled potatoes
mashed up, with a little meal or wheat
bran put into them while hot, to be i
called by the hot potatoes, are excellent
as a change. A little skimmed milk is
lso very good.- Let the food be mixed
often enough to prevent any souring,
nd give it all warm. Provide also a
hallow dish, which should always be
kept supplied with fresh and clean
If confined where they cannot get in-
ects, begin early to feed beef scraps,
either by placing a dish of them where
he chicks can pick them as fast as they
please, or by mixing a little of the fine S
round scraps in their dough. If pure -
nd sweet the ground scraps- sold by
dealers in poultry supplies are better
han fresh meat for chickens. 3
A spoonful of ground bone in a quart
f moal is an excellent thing occasion-
lly. They should have clean gravel
here the can pick it as they please, B
just as much as should the older fowl, a
nd if they cannot get grass, give them a
ach day a cabbage leaf out up into
Whenever changing food watch the
effects of it, and if it causes illness use
uch remedies as are needed and return
t once to the feed which has given good
results Before.

Gapes in Chickens.,
In a recent conversation with an ex-
arienced chicken raiser he informed us'
hat he had been very successful in con-
uering that precarious disease in his
ung fowls by the application of air
backed lime. As soon as a manifesta-
on of gapes in his fowls appear, he con-
ies his chickens in a box,one at a time,
efficiently large to contain the bird,and
aces a coarse piece of, cotton or linen
loth over the top. Upon this he places
e pulverized lime, and taps the screen
f cienlly to cause, the lime to fall
rough, This lime dust the fowl in-
les, and is made to sneeze, and in a
ort time the cause of the gapes is
rown out in the form of a slimy mass
masses of worms, which' had accumu-
;ed in the wind pipe and smaller aii
ssels. This remedy he considers supe-
r to any remedy he ever tried, and he
dom fails to effect a perfect cure. He
s abjured all those mechanical means
which it is attempted to dislodge the
tozoa with instruments made of whale
ne, hog's bristles,- horse hair; or fine
re, alleging that people are quite as
tain to push the -gape worms farther
vn the throat of the fowls as to draw
em up.-Poultry Nation.

The Best Food.
'he best food for young oi adult fowls
ground oats and corn meal, 'occasion-
y mixed with boiled potatoes, turnips
carrots, with meat or fish scraps two
three times per week.t Wheat is the-
t for eggs, but it should be fn d with
)er grams to ge.t the best results.
here is no doubt. but the morning
il may. be made more palatable and
duulating by adding sliced onions, pep-
or ginger to the mess.s Spiced food
itetally tends to hasten maturity,
their it be to tote chicken, pullet or hen
t they are supple. Condiments are
d in theirplace, but they neverlshould
used to excess, for veiry much of the
ducts of the flock depends upon the
per feeding of the fowls; inattention
his respect leads to more than half
disappointments and lois to the
try keepers, and tends to produce
usLt in the minds of others. To feed
iberaily is wasteful. particularly in
case of breeding birds and layers,
decidedly objectionable.-Ex. i
,n't neglect the little chicks. To
Stem growing steadily, gixe a va-
oft ood, 'not too much at a time,
feed ofteu A few drops of sulphate
on in the water troughs ;will keep
i healthy. Assafcetida tied up in a
and tacked to tihe bottom of thle
r vessel, is recommended by experi-
i poultrymen.-Ex.,
y man.-"What's that hen making
i.-3 about?"
rmer. -1-',A laid an egg."
y man-" '-ettl One would
,t6e she'd laid "l ,s n of a
e city block."-Ex. ',-- "-




Real Estadte A.ency,
TAMPA, FLORIDA. Office: Twiggs St., two blocks east of Passenger depot.

Florida Winter Homes


Beautiful location, facing on- Lake Oriole and on the South Florida Railroad.
Lands all high and dry. New settlement; between twenty-five and thirty new houses-.
A Church, Scho. -,... ,y mails, stores, bakery, saw mill and hotel. Large area already'planted
n orange grove. Choice building lots for winter homes for sale cheap. Ten, twenty and
for acre orange grove lots. A healthy settlement in a healthy State..
Call on or Address,
Oriole, Florida. Jacksonville, Florida,


Wholesale Commission Merchant,
specialties: SOUTHERN FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. Consignments Solicited. Return
ade on day of sale.

3R Tr^ A T 3i3T3A!RI':E3 ^]LOT 7 MFl.TC
Orange Groves, Town Lots in Bartow, Winter Haven, Haskell, Punta Gorda and Charlotte
[arbor, foi Sa!e. Unimproved Lands, in small and 'arge tracts, at $2.50 per acre; up. Choice ten
nd forty acre tracts of good, high. rolling Pine Lands, near S. F. R. R. depot, at $20 to $8 per,
ere. All property guaranteed to be as represented or money refunded.
1y Money Loans, well secured, negotiated at 15 per cent, net, to the enderr.


NIlNIld 1V1N3]YVNU0 ONY NIV.I .l -
. ~. ~.




Usully have orders to work our consignments into, enabling us to make PROMPT RETURNS-
Extensive Facilities for Repacking
for outside parties, to which prompt attention is given. Packages suitable for
both made up and in the flat, always on hand, and for sale. Also, Hoops, Wrapping Paper, etl
S., F. & W, R. R. WHARF,
Circulars and Stencils on application. JACKSONVILLE, FLA.'
T size 40x100 .co IW' on Lake Kingsley, Clay Co., only $10. A
7 feet in --- ---- 1V choice 5-acre tract for an ORANOGE.
GROVE costs but $100.
High rollingin Pine Lands, Salubrious Climate, a good invest-
ment. Send 2-cent stamp for Maps, etc., or remit P. 0. Order or IL ID A
Bank Draft to JOHN T. TALBOTT, and get Warranty Deed, Title r
perfect, from the
P. 0. Box ls8,.Tacks.oniville, Florida, 39 W. Bay St.


, .' .i .

^-_- $w-s- n as oi the mnain hivO, it being made of the to a free use of card and comb, that loose i she had had the strength she would room and locked the door. I listened with Witness-He asked if anything in the
same material as the hive, thereby pro- hair may be removed arid the skin stimua- have dressed herself and followed him; my ear at the bedroom door, and I heard woom had been touched or disturbed, and
4 3 ot testing the sections the same as the brood lated. but she was too weak, unassisted, to get the handle of the door of my mistress' I said, "No, nothing had been touched or
chamber.- ---- out of bed. room being turned. disturbed."
A HOME MADE SECTION CASE FOR It admits of tiering up to the best pos- Things Farmers Ought to Know. The Attorney General-Upon that point The Attorney General-And then? The Attotrney Gdneral-In consequence
SURPLUS HONEY. sible advantage, there being but one bee A California vineya.rdist claims that he you are also positive? Witness-I was already partially un- of the officer's question upon this point,
space between each tier. The sections are keeps his premises clear of rabbits and Witness-Quite positive, dressed, and I went to bed. was your attention'directed to the table
protected from brace combs on the bottom gophers with the assistance of cats. The Attorney General-Did your mis- The Attorney General-Did you sleep by the bedside?
A Movable Division for Double Horse by the slats, the same as in a wide frame, Leg weakness in fowls is the result of tress make you acquainted with the cause soundly? Witness-Yes.
Stalie-Thinn Shelled Eggs-A Substantial without the use of a skeleton honey rapid growth and is best met with animal of the quarrel between her and the pris- Witness-No. I woke up suddenly The Attorney General-Was everything
ndl Economical Contrivance in Form board, with a bee space above and below food and tonics. A little meat or worms oner? with the idea thab the street door had upon the table as you had left it at 9
an- ield R o nr. n it, which takes up a valuable space, be- should be added to the food every day and Witness-She told me a good deal. She been opened and closed again. I lay in o'clock on the night before, when you
of a Field roller sides separating the sections too widely a little tincture of iron dropped i, the said that when she married him it was bed frightened, but hearing nothing more ceased attendance upon your mistress? "
When economy is a necessity the farmer from the brood chamber. The movable drinking water. the worst day's work she had ever done, presently fell asleep again. Witness-The pen, ink and paper were
-must use many home made contrivances >or hinged side loosens the sections all at and that he had deceived her from first The Attorney General-There were no there. The decanter was there, with very
in way of labor saving machines. Our nnce, making it easy to remove them, and Corn is a much more certain crop than to last. All he wanted was for her 'to cries, no voices loudly raised? littlewater in it, and I was horror struck
-cut illustrates a field roller that may be diso allows the removal of sections if de- wheat, one year with another, over a die; but although he -had treated her Witness-I heard none. to ;-:e that the bottle of sleeping lozenges
.easily made and with almost no expense, sired on the hive. large part of the country, so vilely, she had him in her power. The Attorney General-Did you Sleep was- quit,, empty., I ,iade a remark to
There are important points of construe- Dampness means sickness and death to The. Attorney General-What did she -soundly after that? t e
i"on that do not show in an illustration, young chicks and turkeys, mean by that? Did she explain? Witness-.No. Iwas dozing off and rli.,.-riit.l helf, I. saw upon- it the
The case embraces all the advantages of The change from dry to green foods is Witness Not clearly. She spoke waking up the whole of the .ni2ht-a tumbler v, hi:.h, when I -left my mistress'
single tier, wide frames and a regular delicate matter with sheep. Just here vaguely about papers and acceptance for hundred times, it seemed to me. H,:,w I roomn the iniiir. before, had been on the
^^_ '~aAopen case combined, as it allows the use where the value of roots is most money which she had, and which he have reproached myself since thar wYhen table b3 her st'le. .. ..... '
of separators or not, as desired.. With noticeable, wanted to get hold of. "He should have I saw my master put out the gas in the. The` Attorney, General-You say that
~ wide frames an outer case .is necessary to .. "7 them, every one," she said, "and do hall I did not have the courage to ,d,:l.:.-u during the: day of the 25th of March your
hold them. With this all that is used is Early cabbages may be greatly helped whatever he liked, if he would be true to 'to him! mistress spoke vaguely about papers and.
the outeicase and the bottom bar of the forward by cloth covered frames, and me. But he is false, he is false, and I The Attorney General-At what time acceptance -for money which she held,
wide frames combined, doing away with they will pay well. willhim." in the morning did you usually ris'e? and of which.the pt -orier d-ied t. by
*'-~==s|3^^ ^^---^^ -^ the top and end bars, thereby admitting 'Slow milkers are a detriment. The The Attorney General-Did you acquire Witness-At 7:30, unless my mistress tain possession. Do you know anything
"--. f --._-- -'- '" of taking hold of the top of the section in- best cow will soon deteriorate under the this knowledge all at one time? required me earlier. further cncernng ers and ac-
-. -- stead of working the sections out of a manipulation of a slow or lazy milker. Witness-No. My mistress -spoke at The Attorney General.Was that the ceptances?
HOME MADE ROLLER. wide frame, as it is usually done. By stirring the soil after every rain the odd times during the day, when I went in hour at which you rose on the morning of Witness-Nothing.
For this purpose use a butt log of an weeds will be more easily destroyed -than and out of her room. the 26th of March? The Attorney General-Do you know if
-oak tree if practicable. The log need not Linseed Meal. at any other time Never allow weeds to sThe Attorney General-Nothing else Witness-Not I rose much earlier, at any were found after
of necessity be a very large one, because The difference between new and old go to seed, especially in the garden, said. r b o did not lay atly toa te d eas-? d
the frame in which it is mounted enables process linseed meal at present Is that T ^'Witness-Nothing that 1I1 can remem- because I did not look at my watch. Witness-,I do Dot know.
the froladednwhic to ay rounale extntbhes process conteed eai at boresent i 1-2 If you have a hen come off with an ex-, ber. The Attorney General-Then, after The- Attorney General-You saw your
it to be loaded to any reasonable extent, the, new process contains about 2 n tra nice or valuable clutch keep them in The Attorney General-Did the prisoner dressing, did you go down stairs? master when he entered the house at 7
.and the driver may ride upon it and thus per cent' less of the oil. The new close' quarters- and feed well and regu- return to the house during the day? Witness-Yes, with a candle lit my o'clock in the morningI
-.Add to its weight. process, some years ago, contained 1- return to thed house duark.e ay
per cent. of oil when pressedin thicklarly Witness-No. hand. It was dark. Witness-Yes.
s caes t. of ola es pressed 'in eythin The-Attorney General-Did you ave The Attorney General-Any sound in -The Attorney General-Was he wearing...--
Cows from the Channel Islands. cakes, but of late it is pressed in very thin T Atre eea-DdYUlaethie house?
Considerable confusion exists in the akes, and with the perfection of ma- 4 milt ,,^ thehouse during theday? an overcoat on that occasion?-
minds of many farmers in regard to the chinery they press out all but 4 oiG 5 per S end Witness-iNo. Witness-None. -t Witnes-N. h I
terms I"A~ldeiney. "Jersey'" and I"Guern- cent. of oil. This is all the practical dif- The Attorney General--Or night? The Attorney Generai--Did you listen The Attorney General-What was his
.e"aaeferene between them, and. they may 1O Witness-No. -at y.,ur itrei,' ,r? appearance? "
Islands or their descendants bred in this considered, practically, of the sam e value F O O O E The Attorney General- -You 'rem ain ed Wi n s -I to d he ef r a m e ti n ss ry ag r ,a -t ou h e
-country. In a word, they don't quite -the difference in the. value of the oil in attendance upon your mistress? but I heard nothing. had had no sleep-as though he had passed
know the distinguishing traits between a would not, under any circumstances, dides-Ys you dtorny? nrl-fe htwa raflngt
.so called Jersey cow and an Alderney for amount. to more than six or eight cents By B. L. FARJEON, The Attorney. General-Did she make ddyou d The Attorney General-That will do.
instance. Properly speaking, an Alderney per 100 pounds:-Rural New Yorker. Another of "Great Porter Square" "The any inquiries about her husband? Wtness-I went down to the hall. (In accordance with the plan of defense
-cow is one from the island of Alderney or Bright Star of Life," Etc. Witness-Oh, yes. In the afternoon The Attorney General-To the street which the prisoner seemed to have laid
its direct descendant, just as a Jersey Horse Points. "--- and evening she asked me a dozen times door? d own for himself his cross examination of
isdrcdecnatjutaaJesyHrePit.at least whether he had come home. Witness--Yes. this witness was -very brief.)
is, properly speaking, a cow. from the Take care not to overwork horses that PART THE FIRST. T att w e nerad whm t time ThelAtorney General -On which side Prisoner--You saythat when you were
Island of Jersey. The fact, however, that are shedding their coats, and feed them THE TRIAL OF EDWARD LAYTON. on the night of this day did you cease at- of the hall was the noat rack? wcin the roon adjoining my wife's bedroom
the cattle imported from these several well; also groom the animals thoroughly. ton he n of thsWitness--On the left from te house,, on during my interview with hero on the
Channel Islands are substantially the same Horses that have not been worked regfu- --tendance upon your mistress?-^'^^ i-~- ^ drn m neve ihhro h
C-the islands having a similar appearance larly during the wnterrequre good cre (oONTINUED.) Witness-At 9 o'clock. She told me I the right from thesreet, morning of March 25 youheard our voices
--the island haing a smilar apearance hirly d ring th winterroquire oodecarlTheDAtorneyleneral-Ddayouelok atarisedhtoithigh ptch, tan tthat o hthe-tw
.and belonging to the same geological for- no vi. The Attorney General-Proceed." You need not come into the room again unless it? voices mine made the stronger itha pressionf
mation-renders it of small importance In measuring a horse or judging of his heard your mistress' bell ring, and you she rang. I Witness-Yes. upon You?prsso.
which name is applied, height and size, by sight, see to it that he entered her room at 10 o'clock. The Attorney General-What then did The Attorney General-What did you Witness-Yes,I did say. so.
The fact that but few other than Jer- stands on a level with yourself.' Dealers Writness-She said that she had passed you do? observeP Prisonesm--You mean, of course, by that
.seys are imported to this country from the are liable to stand.a horse, -if undersized, a very bad night, that she had hal dread- Witness--I went to my own room to do Witness-That my master's ulster was that I was speaking loudly and violently
Channel Islands has naturally encouraged on higher ground, o4 if oversized, on lower ful dreams, and that she was afraid some- some sewing. hanging up in its usual place. Witness--Yes, I do mean it.
the use of the term Jersey for the Chan- ground than. the intended purochaser. thing terrible was going to happen to her. Th'tonyGnrl- hnyulf The Attorney General--You are positive "Prisoner--Do you adhere to that state-
-nel Islands cows and their descendants. Reject a horse with a big, coarse head; 'She asked me if her husband was up, and your mistress' room was thei a table by 'hat it was in its usual place? men?,
do not look a second time at a horse with I told. her that he ., had just entered the her side? W itness-Yes W itness-Yes t o-dheore onvtio th
Thin Shelled Eggs. either a long, slack back or with a hollow breakfast room, that I had met him on Witness-Yes; it was always there. The Attorney General-Would you rec- Prisoner--And to your conviction thna
If the egg.shells are thin it is a sign that back. the stairs, and that he inqlaired whether The. Attorney General-There were er- ognize the ulster again? I was threatening my wife?
.lime- is lacking in the food, or often, if In many cases horses can go without she were awake, as he wished to speak to rain things upon it? Witness-Most certainly; it is a coat of Witness-Yes. "''
this occurs in winter, that fowls cannot shoes during the summer with advantage, her before he went out. My mistress said httne y Ges nea W t. a very peculiar pattern. PrisonerW-As J had thr.ateifl I d- bek
.get to the ground to- fill their gizzards that she also wished to speak to him, and The Attorney General-Whatethngs. rye atteral-Is this' rit man s beohe? threatened er
with gravel needed to digest food properly. Movable Horse Stall. she asked me it I knew where he was Witnegs-A decanter of water, a turn- Us produced) Witness-Yes.. **: .
Leghorn hens and other persistent layers A plan of a movable division for double going. Of course I did not know, and I bler and a bottle of lozenges. Witness-,-Yes. Prisoner-You have beard meithreaten;
generally have very thin shelled eggs des- horse stalls is shown in the illustration, told her so. She often asked me ques- The Attorney General there 'a The Attorney General-Was the. prise her many rimes durig the a e
pite all precautions in feeding. Many tions which she must have known very label's hat hangig in its usual place? moolths?w
losses of eggs while undergoing incuba- well were not possible for me to -answer. W. itnees-Y, lt was-e "poison": witness-No, it was not there.- -Witness .Yes" -
ti,1,n o,.u,' from this cause,-, To prevent -' I Washed her, and tidied up the room, and The.Attorne General-Were those the The Attorney General-Did you look.at Pri.j,,r--In as loud and violent a tone
,eggs from being thiii shelled it is better to \\//2///. then she desired me to go and tell my. asepn loyne you miteswa-n e
.stoepin ozenge m the street door? "--L"i- as1you say I used on this occasion? -
gc Witness--Yes. W q' tne.e.s--Nn,; not so h1,udly an-vo
rather than rely on fowls eating a s door of the breakfast room three or four Witness-Yes. The Attoorney General-cDid you observe gently as on 'this occasion; but that did
ufi h tonyGnrlWa a hi anything? ....... dradul
efo m e ha in. n y form. If egg shells o ) --......... fatime_- and receiving no answer, I opened The make ithat as their
care. fed thy sORSE S L toohed so breakfastr s gave tanl e, color? Witness-dYes, something surprising. t Mr. Justice Fenmore-We donot want

ar fe the sh l be -p un e so fim pl .o.posed ... it. pl n a mi stresswe s s ittiHe n gd e at d th e ta l The A attorney G eneral-Be nWae e sd n y a s r a t hen, youruht I p ini- o ns.h Co fiehats lf t the v d n a w '
that all appearance of the egg will be de- .o e and he started up when I entered, just as onWit n ote s. The Attorney General-ncy many os
stroyed., More- fowls ,earn to eat eggs a t if I halda Witness-tadhat the chain, was not up i- statefient of facts. "- .
from having nearly whole shells areown gfaer Was very pale, and lie held a letter in the lozenges were in the bottle? and that it was not locGed,eal s was always, Prisoner--Are you aware tht my life._ "
-ton shemt.o. p c aa rom I any tI. a Illst haned I noans of a had oo Witness-i t,am not sure.t Ten or a doee by my masterofhimself when be re- is at stake?d" "

-agse.-t "thmtolee are thanir om ow n y oet hdesostngr oeTeathensoudb hinto theandxt rooied tand hemhad nther zn w souldgot slepay.nvrwk gicvr oeet le h ds rsnrI tntpsil hthvi
cause. heiropon HORSE STALL.e oe touched the breakfast. I gave him mypast enI should say. turnedhom a On oheroasions t Wness-Ye
t.d b oceady e exlepatiton BasIp end tHe nddo andus we th Ther Aorney l was done by a servant. Then, I thought .pricn-And that- the evidence -you
, .. .rat~inge~ow !fot oi- lesimpl comosdth ofae two plnsah mitres' he Ima ne h oeth n poison, it could not be mistaken that they .it could. heb enofnyofie h, I have gvni lot f o rie aa

~vrl-.dW at t otheiring jury. Tkn foot or- loes abov withe o, attace to each mito'hres rom.at one.d l agTate d mom en ins-h fa min that Irdn haveoyote
Some people seem to think if cows get other by clwsed''iron hooks. They are tered nw poor mistress began to talk, bit were dangerous to life? heard the street doo givenan d is in if nts me, fatal -
water once a day it is. all -they need; but hn gat the front end to the middle of the he stopped her and ordered me ot.. Witness-aThere could be no mistake. -middle of the tight. "Witness-I do not know anything aboiA
that isnot enough, unless they are lio maner, and at the other they are sw Keep in the next room, my-mistress MY mistress had told me that if a person The Attorney General. -Proceed with an t, e rion wat iste. .

:;~~m .9.riesfr ~ e~s *ua that I^ haver Saids^ ^ only what1 i--sht le rTmue::S^ ^^^^^
on sUcculent food, such as rootsorensild t O a joist overhead, by means of a rod or said to me; "I day want you. I went took three or four of them at -once he account of your movements after the dis- Prison.er-Is it not possible that, ha.vin.
age, "Cattie are their own best judges of strong rope.-The attachment should be into the next room and remained there. wouldgo to sleep and never wake again. cover. a prejudice against he, you may have al-
their .]need of water, and they do best so made.,that the back end can betlet quite half an houir, until iy mistress' The Attorney General--Was it 'cnsidc Witness-cI waS alarmed, and I con- lowed YOur imagination to warp your
when tfhey bavetheir option about using down, should a horse get his leg over the bell rang again. My master rushed -past ered.safe to leave such dangerous narcotics sidered for a little while what I bught to reason?
it. When they drink but once a day they flexible partition. Being movable, and a me as I opened the door, and I saw my' within her reach? do. Then it suddenly occrmred &tme that Witness-If by that you mean that r
-.. ove.ad with it, to their injury. Taking 'foot or more above the floor, it is much mistress was' dreadfully, agitated?. She Witness-She was a very prudent the door of the bedroom my master. ocu- am -inventing things against you, it is
in an oversupply of cold -water chills the less in the way while caring for the team was sitting up in bed, and-- woman. She was fond of life; she dreaded, pied, was not quite closed' when I had not true. I have onlv told what,I heard.
stomachh and occasions discomfort an a d than is the common stationary division.- The Attorney General-Stopl -While tp e idea of death. s o passed it on my way downstairs. I went Prisoner-vAnd you heard my owife"
pain, and, what p sworseh stops digestion Prairie Farmer. youwere il the adjoining room did you The Attorney General--Were there any up quietly to convince myself, an ds I saw when I left the room, call after me theg
-till t;heLcontents of -the stoma ch,by slow Hs Su l g hear anything? other, articles on the table? w ias not shut. N I touched it with my words you have yoready given inevidenc.
.degrees, warm up again. ulte Sii hatwouldeSled e witness-ANot distinctly. Witness-Pen, -ink and paper and a hand very gently and, timidly, and it to the effect that she believed e wshe
her. :he, fi. za have .een app-ied f"Let the shoe be as light, and narrow The Attorney General-yDo you mean book. g out open Thinkin t my d ay a lustrad; look e wown nt dhe yY)?
swn open Thnkn itO~ mhy duty tose to hheprt dHead;or but that she would notou bdoo do itote asae ndNwie yaleed Ihrredt m is Wtes-Ys tatIytue
Fertilizers for Strawberries. wire as can be, and be consistent with the by that that you could not distinguish the The Attorney Generals-At what time quaint y master with the circumstances unless I ed hera
:, condition of the foot,' I said David Styles -words tha w teire oke os dyow to eda.
Main 'market, gardenqrst cone nd tha -worn, andwer spokenlf~r~h byk your mate di yo go W t oe s b rtye arly.-tfwtsa e. adagam andsoI thre wa not bainswer. Wtnesqq-Yes *h~j *- fy
;,- A -orke t rn ch e Aha in a paper on the horse, read recently be- a mistresnlei"
-o.nal x I nP s designted for ahipm enit mistess- Wtness-I, can't be quite exact as to ventured to step into the bedroom .and to Prisoner-eAnd that she called after m
Toh e *o c b y -fore ap tot ue t fery Wiarmnes sd "it- An o dis-inguish the the time, but it was-about 12 o'clock. e call, "SirtII I. held the candle -above my that I was a villain?
o" e ie ois a black hoof-that is hollow on the bet- words: I could only heat 'their voices The. Attorney General-Where was ad, and to my astonishment sa that Witness-l I heard her -say so.
oreSS.g of some chemical fertilizer which t .... Wit-..-Ye- I-. who or none a t "p
has plent.v of pota, it__. bn he, all, as, aI ,uh hf s can go nearly the -On.eroo stuecondo flo there was no one indthe room, and that .e Prisoner-In the description you have
-.bestCombnations tor appoa thno --- -.The Attorney General-Did they speak Witnesspd t of floo r s the bed had not been occupied during the given of your movements on the nightof
bet oab i. uratiof pots appl toneut a ightc h e n w i'ere *r undwtot 'she s wider ind flth loudly on this occasion? -.The Attorney General--And your mis- nigh. I went.,boldly into the room and this fatal day, 'you~say that, upon hearing. -

19 muiav^ Cp tah n bon ut Lig tla th i e mut bV ier an M prpl e r 'W t es -eu r y lo udlyo to ak. C rfn o ert he b lsr d om k-sres thaf t -n u h d h r a an n h n a s t a k o .-* .
"' convinced^ myself.~iprpe ^ No o ew st ee o the csuret~ o open a ndjosre yo came
dressLnf fhifrae of soda ar'e ales 1-ne- thi ruwth but aol lad the t -at o yresr b.droni edmsel. on as theeoor and lo o c

TheB Attorney Genral i merriment W t es O th fi t or. on hadk beentherbed. Th bcredy kwa just asB OO TW B o verth
"... fiscal. Air.- E. P. Roe reports- good results' with ..iron, with".. ...... a two ...... shoe o n each 'Th- : -.. The Atr eea- ermn? W ttonesy--O n efrst- f going OutOfa had been madee nThle bred w a y. but al otofyurberondlangoe'

where i. foot liz ere hae be fty- o m Witness-Quiteti u Ioo bedy.reae- The Attorney General-A y u gou o haden ,dade, looked downInto the tse
:" =" alosn the wooci ,s-h to ...... ' _.. e infoour h o trsea ats sixflytYsamt n .l-were quarreling. y .ayor bedroom dooruintothe passage'and Now really aI rmed-a Ihurried tomymis- Witness-Yes, tha Cis true.
.. *- t at sao T,4 Agacltr, u3 I. .'. The Attorney General-That is your laning over the baluGtral-d coald you see tress' bedr eoom and knocked at her door. Prisoner-And that you sw me puttin
lite. dnderstaat nl in of their voices? down touthe ground floor? T There wasno answer I knocked again out the gas in the hall?

SECIO CAS -O siKp HOE' '- "- "es tOigate her werel nolor elaeiensh of 'hei I eedadnt os t o Witness-Yes col heard boeeig mistaen.i Atore Geerl Do yo .. ...TOES
Te r-e a p-, anrthedee, fate wer e notisg lv ishe ofthipro ; be coul no bemitaen Witness-- Yes, pretty clearly It was a andagain, and-ystil there was no ans.er. Wi ess--Yes.
... t.e Bees- iron, and, now I -would' rather go bacpk to Neg ofly the whole of the time their vrces 'straight view.. der ered M er? a certain it w 12
:/' Acorrespondent' -.h The .American Bee Iheilr comm~on-sense i.odc of sh,leiug than w,_-crasdt,,ahihptc.uTh tonbaGnrad uyetot pee tedoradenee. yul-stsnerYuae etini asI
- reice tourney General-You -wen t t o tress was lying quite still in. bed. t I 'Witness-Yes.
.turnal, who asto an eight frame Larats- of that pr lantied ti-d l, With boofa piled The Attorney General-Which 1:4 thile bed, you say, At -about 12 o'cloy." Be-' stepped quietly to her side and befit over. on, and as yb-had to stand on tiptoe
roth hg efor comb hetw -1 the s ;w -he up to the very cwrtotare hand, this de. two \'oice made' the stronger i r ressoon' fore.e rhast theI gas, -Your, foan was raised
roakesiasect-ionease of thlesame iateial, straying the enamel.'givenifor its proi~ed-U0" 11_ _.__ y- ra)u!! Seia home?. ... Iokedat her~face,. there was Something,-to the light, and Isaw A phinm,..-
and of the size of the hive for snrplus ceirtareson. This kiue d of work- looks nice and Withess--Yes. IwalonesBiogwhn Pio a i .-You saw my face plainly? .
.,.~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~matrs healthy sh; hofs an' tog hr er h tetdo puandr b]oen 6rod-o afuly ilt."and I v ntur d amo p Is he isners-& lil a e tn
h o n e y is p r a is e d b y to o m a n y -1 li k e t o s e e a h e t n g h r a hW
y s.T n eed wo d oihartly el either nads tby go- red uriate lastrew s. Then I heard a carriage drive away I by- the shoulder. She made no movement; t Prisoner (with a movement of i-
thus ty wiln bo seven by go- The will yield i4 aud det stepped Out of my room softly and looked she did not speak. Isuried to her again, patience)--I have no further question m
Lag fgbarefoot nrhsbod as nearas possibletby hod rew proper remark'for you topmake. the balust rade to make sure that' it and pushed her, again, and then a sus-- toaskyou.;,
natre' .av. Very -few people know yourself strictly to :the matter 'in hand, -a~ymaster. At the moment Ilook~ed pikion of the horrible truth flashed upon The court then adjourned;- ".
swhena horse is propaolytshod., Theqbest and ton thetlme Aoatre e giving 'evidence sua w tnhsa him urdem nero s the Atos i-the ener. T rlHaad 1-4 inhe

powaysi sprcia is obtin thro C t he responor blnd y on. the upron.Werain yduengtered yournmisgres o wha face al ssoftng.berack uon tebd rely knowollatman" [nrTO WK.oT .WA : ""
,- nerl sheery aecnd caifcatd a f Fo h ey fogass isquit. imafte a e-tmse wath sittMi ngv upD a win uted, dra The Attorney General--A ermnd yo a..a^ nedafter ht Ibuegan? OtoWAE
.. t'e c-se aproeehaveitabe sedllnsdegthetcattenandoerpecasteraruwsheyonoghstockmoeard the ree .ooruopn-andicloseandmyouhyftnies.aD.d yorhear any oter TheA.torey Gener.,-.... .. afte-
Siecvrt rtct hmfo h ugrn ou y the aadicafvsion: Proass. or "p'ces ou ld e o u an "e Wootstpesids--N o. e of you atr :-r a- dextcth ivg emember wsey servnt o~ a T : fc". ..
;,e'tON^ Ca- F"OReta SoneU HOr-two Ines tigate the for. d f.s or e.. eimeonly it wiat hele I 'a w ere deadd nt yoing sothat Io Witness---eI ha rd something. Icnt .enredAtbtorne uea-D youy remem- PRICESi...: TH LW S..._. .-
The cr ^ ?ate a trne l a~t.1, n when sth" ean y s xtnga daing by the iffuin p ro- maye bettnte freent om marry again aBu t I never n ntered pasag ond that secoodybe saitng auythn to -h efetta .. ":
in this ^ wlhttl case bysipngaoehafic hs beenw selectand bo te wok ncbnftd says P Witne my-Q itle 8 posit i nfoee shelp sacyfing toi"si. mntes ps sed be beas of tb cre hy a e
sti of .a tier n bp etwee n the case ted rosa of ta, ifr bheprimntms. in Louisiana ctlars fl-se"a "arrosaae n a s pe htIwn nom on'efta ormsrs ysda?*JO8NIJBTA
as^ yo pu in a" r .o setins pce ineet beyon a dob. Can whc "ius--oe an hi iec/a-f*i, thog ben aln olognmrig. OIL STO' ; ^f ". .^ :;-


coast o1
tr d. *evening.
the Brid
her by fI
State News in Brief, scarcely
land an(
-A large deposit of mica has been dis- be seer
covered near Lloyds. dark bat
-It is estimated that the railroads in fect p!c
Volusia county have killed $10,000 worth burning
of cattle in the past year. around
-Mr. F. J. Field, of Starke, is a most the flame
progressive, gardener and florist. He visible I
has an apple tree which has upon it over late the
100 of the prettiest apples ever seen in ently ur
Florida. and flan
-Mr. Huggins, agent of the Belair -By J
grove, near Sanford, is reported as say- made in
ing that in boring an artesian well in the Pan:
the grove strong indications of oil were Messrs.,
found at a depth of 100 feet. M. Hubi
-The people at Crooked Lake are ,to Ralp
catching some of the largest trout that $28,000
--have ever been seen in the State. Two the we'
of the best were weighed; one weighed tract of
There is
22 and the other 26 pounds. Tform, b
-At Chipley wool is now coming rap- nursery
idly in, and merchants are paying over is large,
25 cents per pound. The fleece is report- grove i.
ed heavy and of good quality. There is King we
as much -wool handled there as at any in person
point in West Florida. spend $i
-Orlando held a big meeting Satur- the plac
day to protest against the proposed cut- cost Mes
-ting off of Kissimmee and neighboring althoui]
parts of Orange to form a new county. still the
A committee a-a. appint.il t.:, go to elIty is
Tallahai,so-e to opposie tne bill. a,)riint
-Mr. Collier. Sr.. ,o Mar,:o. and lii- burg C,.
little aon hvre alr.-'lv cl-ared .l.:') on
their rim -it, ,:rop. \.illam C'oll.-r hh .. '
aliheadv sold ov.-r 6ti hundt.-i buijsl.: Irol
ot tcm'at.:,e' i.,ft 'a I ttl ivtr tr-. a ore- f Ti. f,
land at the nate :,f pi p-er bLi l-hiel. Fic..- F'i
W ill Mirms, :,t' L'ai ran e. iz.,'eiv,-,i tr
tihe c,:.niract let iy Lieutenant Ptt:aull, ",ra kn
for tlI ,Ioverument tor tihe i. it0li ot .itiit
telegraph pol-I from l itu1 T illI e ti .J ri- in ii.
ter, at 'i.',i p_-r 1i le for thirty fi t -c ir, ,
hunrdt.'J. "C.._.ttat is t.. be <:,i .let l l l-th n ,
in four mroni th b- th-.
L.a:zt Satur.iy ev et.niL,_ the -iirt'yi-0i v -,.tF
(otf the Lel'iii,,- alit ide '.:'t .1,, i- t f.t iu rci:-e
Beautiful I-.lani. Tle'- will s.ur'rey tli i .atotsa
river to [tie toutih an'1 out -, fLair a- lie ar t:,r ,,
onte-r .oi N, ,it Saiil:e-l Ibla 'l. Ori- it ate t iot
th- r tn averi'- thi'it tli-ey timinl 'i11 no e I' i- ,.,
bhendi iu the L'',l h at;hili th,:n are Ti h- lit]
dowr on thie mnaps. Ulail>- ii
-Mr. Geir.e H.anilelton. one if the. an iitn
ocleIl. settler. perhaps Is tPolFk ci 'mny, talk ia.
clballcnges the world :, i'i raitnig s-iad- tIhat setc
docks. He has 6 .rowing on lhis place. dit->:.:,'
five milte southeast of Plant City, a -h.1 l- article
dock tree whicL haw t,_ty--sis shad- quality.
dock's cn oni liimb, all in a clihsteraid A te'
touching each other. iesidina
--The fact that cabbage talk: of one iliSCOvei
:'ar. will, ift their bead' ate removed in len"
without pulling tbem lip, go ,On heading rie veil
again the next year ceerjs ver-y inredi- down se
ble to the Erran[ger in Florida, but any large ili
one(- in Melbourne ca,. be conrivinced ii quality.
that point by calling at A:ldi-on Fhe's toutud
gatden.-Indian River Messenger. Within'
it toil
-The work at the.Haulover canal has three la
been completed, and niow ill bats up flo:
drawing five feet or le-'s cau go throucth po oru
from Daytona to Melljburne on the In- prt nout
dian River. The stean-m dredge ch'ester the me
is now at work between tie Narrow havi e ir
and Lake Worth. Mr. Fox, the contrac- found v
tor, says that it cannot be completed contem
under three year, ham at
-Mr. Joseph (C'risman, of Micanrcpy, sample-
had a native persimon gtiovei,. in front purhi1a-
of his iesidence. two miles west ot town. tAin ing
grafted on the roots, with choice vari- Marii
ties of the Japan per-immnou la-t nwin- all kind
ter. There were r'2, toots grafted, of tri.;s vwi
which l';5 are now growing nicely, tome hard an
of them having grown spiouts two feet over IlIt
long already this year. made is
-Eugineer Sacket found twventy-two kila net
feet and some inches fail between Lake If tihe
Okeechobee andti Fort Myers. He found to be va
twenty-one teet of water' between the toitla o
latter'and Punta Rassa, and found one MIarion
place utip the tiver forty-two feet deep. prosper'
The party are now at Punta Rasta and
will have about two weeks here on and A FLO
around the bars.
Ml. ISmiiH, i.if Jackt.,.ui tlle. of thlie A LeO
firm of Tysen & Smith, has been on In- t
dian River looking up a route for the th
new steamer they propose to place on Edih,,r F.
the river next season. This firm intend I hay
to build a very light draft boat. new in weeks' I
every particular aud speedy, as well as tion thi
combining light draft. We hope they to friend
will meet with success.-Indian River and front
Star. four yea
that I h
-Mr. Thomas A. Edison and E. T. four we
Gilliland loft for the North on Wednes- I have
day morning. It is the intention of and thbr
Messrs. Edison and Gilliland to come Dora re
-earlier and stay longer next fall. Indeed South F
the serious illness ot Mr. Edison in New nuiles ar
York detained them on this occasion. eujoyed
He has entirely recovx-ered his health in reservat
this genial clime and goes back ville bef
1North a well man.-Fort Myers Press. building
-The new telegraph line along the St. people,
Johns and Halifax Railroad was corn- tal Is ob
pleted Thursday afternoon. The cable commer
used is the same one-that was laid from I spen
SPalatka'to.jHart's Point about ten years nearly c
ago. which proved to be in perfect con- thbe big
edition when taken up. It., was relaid which c
fom Rolleston to a point just opposite, the but
and the wire was then brought ciown Presbyti
the west bank of the river to Palatka. we tave
Besides the Palatka office, ofcces will be ever,.Or
:opened at Rolleston, Ormond and Day- smoke.-
_- tona. .' groves.
-r-Those who want to know where palm tih
Fo.-t -"Florida'A wealth comes from should dhist tet
..... know tbat she annually produces$30,1tt dtred or
worth of honey; .$40,000 worth of straw- wv;th wi
-. berries; .1),i1.O't worth of hogs, $.30,000 of stereo
worth of sheep; $:350,000 worth of beef; int, lecti
: .'50,:0.Jt.. worth of sponges; $8tt.OtlO Ispen
= :-".'. worf'h u" fish. and. oysters; $3,500.000 Park. be
worth--of tcigars and tobacco; $2,530),000 lege. am
w _r" b..h' 01_.orangese- lemons,, limes and seems tc
-' pineapples;- $-,u00 worth of-gtapes and head an
--- =--. wines; $ba 11000-worth ofsungar and mo- manv lo
-.-: l...a: .asee;_O.--00000 worth of rice;-. $500,000 prie'-we
:. worth of cedar and 2t0,0t)00,00: worth-of -t[re"--
ot -- 'other lumber;- $4l,000,00_0 worth- of cot- I-cami
= :, ton._Florida Record.-.. :' : : Sanford
.:A .--.. .----: +Apretty sight was tobe seen off the obly an

1 = -. - -

--4. -f C

Santa Rosa Island last Tuesday
- It is supposed the owners of
e of Lorne decided to destroy
ire. The mantle of darkness had
overspread the surrounding
d water, when the flames could
. reaching Heavenward. The
-kground only added to the per-
ture which is a rare scene-a
ship at sea. The water for miles
was dazzled by the reflection of
nes; how long the scene remained
Cannot say, but strange to re-
vessel is still insight and appar-
injured by its visitation of fire
ne.-Pensacola Advance Gazette.
far the largest sale of property
This place this year w-a that ,:.f
asoffkee orange grove, on'vnd by
J. G. and T. H. Herndon and G.
bard, which was sold this week
h T. King, of Cleveland Ohio, for
cash. The grove is situated in
stern part of this county, in a
200 acres of fine hammock land.
a large number of trees in grove
sides thousands of young sour
trees. Although the price paid
yet good judges claim that the
s worth at least $50,000. Mr.
as here and made the purchase
n. He says he will,if necessary,
20,000 in further improvement of
e. The Panasoffkee orange grove
ssrs. H., H. and H. $1,200, and
h they did not get its full value,
amount received for the prop-
a Ialiiti altome increase on [ie
,.if tie i-,r inal pur,:.ha'e.-L'ces-

Ore in Marion County.
,:,i.,.wiing ar.t:h- fr-:mi tlit rulal
t-:e ounis a': if oi,, one wel.-
t-: Let lit an ,b.,p'.:,-itt' n t,: t.-.
-e P.,.:m." I'- C :'.in "'Flutrida'"
.h1am .'" i a I.,",'l lea inti:, the
A-: t. t[e .6 -.t ,J:-,:,V of
Sin FlI.,ti.la. we tink; it upre
ii ire l.ie-tn un .I..- it. E-. .iit bia.
L.-r' inout\i. Tlie Fiee t 'Pre-
lo.,ri'Ja is f i-r l.itigj fo, ol :iut to
Ii -.onjt -tiiin"" ti'l:'I- th.iii f,:r lthe
':,t ri' i-'I.' troit, ,e ,kt:i'.es. alli-
ild Y"'titk.s. Her otlser te_':',.irc-s
:asing ki r,,wcn al,'.i, ail Hle people
s\tag' tb-ir aitet-ti,;',i to tlic diitrv-
e isiuat[ rhed trio thi' rtnound.
-.t di-:0>'erY wth1ch "ta- l'eLCiCtlyIV
SL-'.-v coi'itty ,,f IIh,- ri-lilug of
ore lie'd hias 'u .l:tueI'.l .nuidJetatile
.1 cuti,:,tity am.Ung tie I _-pcplE ol
ti-on. Tbi. i-s saiil to be ti.e fist
*ry Vof iron in Florid.t. and the
found is -ail to b e ot tiLperi'.r

.v days ai-', Mr. Alhurtius- Vogt,
v in tbe Renfto nei;shhiarhiod,
red a vein of iron ore over a mile
th and about sixty feet wide.
n is very cr'i'-ked, andl on digging
-veril feet hie tound the oret in
,antities, and a very superior
The place where ths ore v.-as
is south ',f Dunn,-llon. near the
r-oo-hee River. Mr. Vogt came
n Tuesday, bringing with him
rge lmnps of iron which he lug
i thi place. Those who saw it
i ed it fitst-clai3 stuff, having all
talli"c appearances of the kind
y the iron men. He intends to
examined by experts, antd if
aluaible, to utilize the vein. He
plates making a trip to Birmring-
id Pittsburg at once.Ci carrying
Siof the ore with him. Mr. Vogt
so.J eilitvy acres of the landi con-
tile iri-n i.re.
n's Ed is rich with minerals of
s, and one of her future indus-
11 lie in the minitig line. Rock,
Id toft varieties, is plentiful all
he county. The best lime ever
Snow ceing turrined ot from a
ir the city.
vein of iron ore should turn out
luable there is a fortune in store

my next visit before paying my respects
to the editor of the successful and sug-
In regard to your kindly request that
I should furnish an occasional column
GROWER, I will do so with l.il'.iiiz.
Can give you notes on rice culture and
tea culture in Japan, the fruitE .inI ftl. -.-
-ers of the far East, the line ot iLh.,l--mr
vegetation in the Tropics and 8emi-
Tropics. the orange at Joppa, etc, But
the article I had set aside for you, think-
ing you would like it, is a short paper on
"Industrial India," which portrays
India as the latest and the mightiest
rival of the United States in com-
peting with- us, and determining the
price-of cotton and wheat in. the Euro-.
pean market
It reveals the fact that henceforth cot-
ton, wheat and tea are to be the great
staples of export in India, and the mild,
but mighty Hindoo (at six cents a day)
enters into close competition with the
Sunny South, the Great West, and, the
Far East (Japan and China) all com-
bined. .- E. WARREN CLARKi .
May 5, 1887. .

Impressions of a Tour Outside
the Orange Belt.
I .LL.\tlAb-CE E..
ill nivr a' to Ja'k-'r.iville fior Di-
Fittilak'Spri'i-'. I litsge '-.Il two i'ir tlire
'.vy at tihe a-.pital ,,f Flri'.lu. bot I.e-
e.,' I c.:nl'.l I.,i.r-,eti ly ilnch,,le it In M l.at
is c'_-lle'1 "TheI Neo v '-,At ,i"-ft:.r it iz
realty .titl. :.f ih, ,^,l~O South. 1Ia d th.It
etupliat."ail) !i-I.tt l.,'t,:'ne fiotry-to'..
v-air'e a ,''' i kin,..v it pr.-tty \ell, blir_,, ,,u
a c n ',.'- t r ,',rt l, v is it to ;i l.ito .m irn ,t
t' iii l v tl[,i le a t t h I :.. I:'u:- i tin m w hl e n
til,: T,tiit..,i;- ot F,-io i..la .--t"i ar hi[m[id
1o: n':i'M .rtl ",- itli that of:, 0 7,1, Iwaut tlke
i.ti litl ,'S.itti-. I ,.rantid to -",e n-h':
wsr; I-f ot e ry .:.[ trienid-, ;i h.l -ii.;.t
Dm v -:Urj- ftil ,i'-.-:, 'iiu e ,t,:i.'' u ,lii.
w'.ilb'.l iem .:bn'ier Oie. I *au-- f,.rtuinare
eti:,u'ihl t,, t-e weli.i, ed b.y -,.me ,f I.,.,ti
c !: _, -
T.llabi:.-_e i yet ou t tof tie Foiri.-n
l..:.m." She it. a-'leep til liut ,:l-,am -
Ii- ot a rail t.:.:l tli.`t w ill rr. =. to -tit'
' ie hi-' ihinlks, ftr.:.u lihr letlarg.Ny of
v:r:l But even it hli-i limilbrs tieoi-l
c.litai l is ,orniely abil t.i.: ture._',IUe beyond
aiv ,-t',]-r ,ity it Flo iiln. H.-ir ,ituatiou
is beautiful. it is amried wit hill ahda
iale, anl just tow flushed with iprirng's
Sorft verldite aaI hler gay dorers. it i
JeliehtfullIv attractive. Her mansionu'
of tlie olden timearesome ot them going
to ruini and t liere is a dejected air about
ber business, ttreetc: but the wvealth of
foliage an]d flowers about her once lux-
urious ilormes. redeems the aspect from
unlovelinet;. Great masses of wisteria
amn climbing roses mingled were spread
over majestic live oaks and other trees,
and everywhere lovely flowers brought
b'ck the' old charm of Tallahassee to my
minLU 111d.
I was courteously conveyed in the car-
riage of a friend six miles to thicl, place
with a name difficult to pronounce till
vyou get used to it. It isof Jipan origin.
and signifies tbe --Hill of Peace." Its
present piorprietor it I; ain extensive
property, lying orn one sidle of a be.iiti-
ful lake isia gentleman known iu liter-
ary andl scientific cricles as Prof. E.
Warren ('ark, and, having lieeu four
years of his early mruanhood in the educa-
tional employ of the Japanese Govern-
ment, he commentmorates his service in
this appropriate title to his estate, where,
in many ways of toil ani d.-vel',pment,
he i sosarcely pardI:nable I thiuli hid-
ing popular tal-ut and tested ability. as
an atthcor attnd lecturer; still, I somehow
envied him his bioad acres, his splendid
wi-i,-,t, i. hi, i ri ernl tfrli o iti, s i and altogether

.3ner, and the western portion i,r ,,,."........ .... i .... I- .... z : I -
councy % wiLl enjoy a unew- and 1 is ShiSdz-u-o-k-a-lhis -Hill of Peac e." Z,.,0L,-i-iA-L C' ,LLEtrIi:,N.
ons boom of untold'activity. Nevertheless. I think he is twenty years Beginning this year with uch wi-ld
tioo ytung to he buried. there, with animals and birdsascan :,e collected and
bhis talents and his art reiources of rate care-i tor at m,'derate cost, and yet
)RIDIAN FINDS FLORIDA. extent, which will greatly add to the attractions
--- jA0I,,NVLLE of the Expositoun, it is hoped that Ihis
n Co. ivian S First VisIT to j*cSi''iNVILdepartment will gradually so increase
n L a v an o thirangeo. Reaching Jacksonvurille on the heauti- wit-.out overtaxing the resources of the
ei, Land otf, tht'e Orange. -ful St. Johns River and almost bewilder- compa as to lead to the establishment
.it.F..'i,',,ud.iiFua'rrwr- ed with the rush and] clamor of its c a ompleteany as o lead to the estl park blishm garden.
e just returned from a four streets--I reflected that the place forged of a complete zologicapark garden.
ecture tour and nip of observa- a closing link ot chain that bound inu its C',otI'y tISPLAY.
rough South Florida. I wrote clasps forty-tour years of mty active life; In order that all Florida may share in
is in California, from Tampa, for that long period ago, I visited it as a the gicat benefits to be derived from this
m Winter Park, that I had been village onlv and the most vivid memory Exposition, it is proposed that each
irs searching for "Florida" and I had of it was that of a group of inog- county be allotted as many shares of
ad only found it with-in the past nolii. grai'diflorat trees visible from its stock as its people may wish to take.
eks. tavern door, the gicat crowns of which Each county will be invited to make
e explored the deep water lakes -it. was in early Mlay-were absolutely its annual display, and space will be
fifty orange groves of the Mt. snow white with blossoms as large as allotted to all who accept.
egion (where I lectured at the dessert plates and buds not much, if It is proposed that in each county the
lorida Chautauqua'i. I rode for any, smaller than ostrich eggsl To-day citizens appoint an -" Exposition Com-
round Tampa and Yhor City, and where are they? As I tax memory to mittee," to organize and forward the
the fresh Gulf breezes from the fix their site, I think they must have county exhibits, and that such county
ion. Tampa is to rival Jackson- beeu where now stands the great hotel committee elect one of their number as
'ore long, in the solidity of its -Windsor" or the magnificent and pop- a member of a general "Advisory Coun-
gs, the push and enterprise of its ular -"St. James" which was "mine inti" cil," who shall represent the interests of
and the facility with which capi- most sumpiuousa week ago. Why they the exhibitors in their relations with the
stained to forward its manifoldi were not spared in their proud and executive officers of the Exposition.
cial interests. superb beauty, I cannot imagine. -But The subscription list is now open, and
t a week at Orlando. and was Jacksonville is of the New South, she we ofter-the shares to the public with
rented in my efforts to save "booms." She is invaded by an army the hope that all will be rapidly taken.
Brick hotel, costing $40,000, of Northern and Western health-seekers If you can not. afford more, take at least
aught on fire six times from and comfort seekers, where. Boston and one share. Let us have your subscrip-'
rning Windsor Hotel and the Chicago March winds and snows are tions, large or small, without delay.
erian Church, but in saving that supplanted by genial zephyis and flying Send them to J. M. Schumacher, Presi-
d the town. Next time, how- petals of orange blossoms! The spirit cif dent df the First National Bank, Jack-
lando will go up in ashes and traffic and gain has transeirmed the sonville, Fla.
I visited Mr. Bidwell's peach place. Half a dozen railways and as Col. J. E. Hart, Chairman, Vice-Presi-
outside Oilando, and have pho- many steamboat iine bring and, .carry dent Jacksonville Board of Trade; F. B.
sof his peaches and of his- ago away daily a thousand visitors. Land Papy, General Traffib. Manager F. R. &
ke the one in front of my Bud- agents, orange grove syndicates, aud N. Co., Jacksonville, Fla.: Sherman Co-
npledin Japan.) Have also hun- improvement associations are represent- nant. Manager Florida Southern Rail-
more fine views of South FlcIrida- ed at all the street corners. Jackson- way Company. Palatka'Fla.; A. B.. Ma-
tch I will get up a finecollection ville has suddenly become a Western son, Vice-President J.. T. & K. W. Rail-
ipticon illustrations for my com- metropolis with the ambition of-a Kan- way Co Seville, Fla.; W. M. Davidson,
ire on --Florida.". sas City or a Deuver. It has three daily Gen"l Traffic Agent S., F. & W. Railway
t a delightful week at Winter papers.-and hebdomedals and specials I Co., Jacksonville, Fla.; J. E. Ingraram,
*ing entertained at Rollins Col- have not counted up. President South Florida Raihoad Co.,
A giving four lectures there. -It As yet, thechturch edifices of the town Sanford, Fla.; J. R. Campbell. proprietor
0 me that Winter Palk is the do not--exhibit- the marks of improve- St. James Hotel, Jacksonville, Fla.; W
d heart of Florida-combined-so :nient. There are.no handsome churches T. Forbes, of W. T. Forbes & Co., Real
rely people, -and so much enter- in the city, and the schoolhouses are en- Estate,-Jacksonville. Fla.; F.- H Orris,
eaith and goodly cbrisnatn cul- tirely unworthy of the progress of. .the proprietor Windsor Hbtel, Jacksonville,
... _- ------ .. place Jnpopulation- and butisiness.::-:But- Fla.; M.. J. Doyle, Merchant, Sanford,
down the St Johns river from these requirements will be mdt in time,' Fla.; D. Gre.-nleaf, of D). Greenleaf &
,- and stoppedd at -Jacksonville for undotibtedly the queen city-of the.St. Co.,-.Jacksonville, Fla.; John T, Graveds,
hour. .--I was forced to wait:till Johns will make- rapid- strides in ma- EditorFlorila Herald, Jackson.\ille, Fla.;

trial growth with the large extension
of life and energy and rivalry all around
her.- This is her manifest destiny.-Prof.
Richards, in Christian Herald.

The Sub-Tropical Exposition--.,
Capital *stock proposed, $100,000 ; .be-
inrg 10,000 shares at $10 each, to be full
paid. .
The company may be organized when
6,000 shares shall have been subscribed.
A.pilii' t..nr, 'ill be made to the Legis-
lature (now in session) for a special char-
ter, limiting the liability of each stock-
holder to the amount of his stock.
A Board of fifteen Directors, to be
elected annually by the shareholders ;
A President and three Vice-Presidents,
to be elected annually by the Board of
Directors from among themselves;
A Director-General, Secretary, Treas-
urer, and such subordinate officers to be
appointed l.3 tli.e Board of Directors, as
they ma:'y see fit.
To establish at Jacksonville, Fla., an
Exposition of sub-tropical and tropical
products and resources, embracing in its
scope the entire State of Florida, and
including exhibits from the West Indies
and Bahamas. ai-o, if pra'ti:able, froie.
II-xi.:-o. a.l d 'cuntal ani S,"utli Am.rica
thiI, Exposition to,, t.,e h,.ll a-ii ally co, .
i-n.:.inig ,. itl th r \ inter ot 1"''s; .
It ii ho,,pedt t ritt tie lir't easou n:ay
Vpr:,i-e ,:: -Ls-,fun ; to) vl'aitr t s510li
e1i-ular annual uMlar,';emetl and iu-
roi.iment a-s ,-ill attr''-t aunni'ally it-
creailoi.! mui ltitnii'e to tine State.
Li_:'A T ,:-N.
Tr. be .:iu pl.r- ,r'rouudn. anii.i wit in
l..i;!,Jiu_.: -tec:tel I.,- tlie <.,:,m[,:n" .-[e-
,.iill-, t'r thi- piit'i,,{,,, ".vithiiti iie ,: ttv
it J.'_i.kn.:,illt'e ,:,r in iti hilfl-e.ii.ite viaiu-
i ;,, ras to, i:,e a ,:*.: -.11.,!o h 5by h a h l'.:rt
iv.'i!k l.,,othl .,." rc._i,.l,-nts ,*,t. .lo,.i ,i.-t :ih'.'r
tf, [1114 ,i':I y ; tl1,- Z'li tLJo ls t,.- l ) -- :1.1 :'u e .
titiici cc. piil', .l] -' ,'.r 1' .e, ;_-2 rJ Y iI.e
dieeii,, i 3 b',-r i' llte B.aI- .l ol Dir'..t.:.1 .

Tlie-e in :y iu,:tle ill vaiiet.i t f val-
iual,- cor itittie.-riug tie,:. platl-. truilt 5
land dri,:vers *vr.\wn in Fl'tIl.Ia aInI tihe
other coinin ri,-et n ,.dil : i:,llectihins of
wildl animal.:, blids n.l fI-bhes; gei,:,gt-
.al an]d marine c,'llections r produitio'n
anud Ln-auufacttr-; and wliateter elte
Lmay le of value in iuItranlinti the r'e-
soutcee of FForida and ahdiing to the at-
tract.ions of Ilie Expo-ition.
M..tchrin-er- diipiays are t, to be excluded
at the diSirellioun of the Director-Gen-
(-ial, except sioeh as tna' reilare to the
utilization of the res,:ource. of Florida.
It is proi:iiied to utilize a portion of the
Iuild-iags as a Bazaar, for tIMe sale of ex-
hiLits, special pr.-iminence being given
to the ectablishnment of ani orange mar-
ket, where the orange growers of this
State can display their fruit, and orders
can be take fir delivery .-rshipmeut.
The growers of tobacco and other
tai ket crops, and the manufacturers of
cigars. native wvines and] either Florida
produc-'t. will dotbtle-s avail thlem-elves
of the advantsgesoffered by this Bazaar,
and bothli h(ime and foreign buyers will
come to select anid pri"haser .
Other minor features of the Bazaar
need not ier spccifi&id here. It is believed
that the income from tie Bazaar will
add much to the revenues of tie Expo-
It is hoped that wa may be able to es-
tablish in tlime fti the o[peuig season an
ailuarium of cinliderable size, which
will eventually become oneI ot the tirst
tank, loth in "ignilIl. anid vani-Ay ta

Ii -.

r,] i, :.
I 17 t

i i ,14
I i *. I"
1"i I "

I- Ii! f
4 1 -


A'p NE
i.. Ni-
I _-. NE
' NE

2 6i NE
'; t- N
1;7*-* ".
I.-. Z-.W
'1 1" -siE

.T. -.' -MIrH,
':,e-rfft. -'3,i-ial t".':.rp:', U $. A.

(irves where Williams. Clark & _'o's
Orange Tree F, rtrilizer lias been used are
looking finly.
ViLLi_.':. ('LARK & & '.

Ladies' Purchasing Agency.
A Ni-r_' York iLiad.J, ,'f itetPeerienco and
tstte. e ij- i iu:_ t i- t a i tilies for
s .li :. pt1'vi In.Eir a'i]va- taha-,asod o,,,1 tli-
t,,tons., ,ffels her Eeer_' -i,:., t,, ia,.lIe..: ,+. t'-I-r
in.-:' to i'ienl any" kiLnd OfT we.;r'in;: ap-
pri['e-. toiet a,_t,,ic e- ,.,r Lh _i..i~iee ,,ii ;.'-,od;,
at N--,v Y,-,ik prti'pe-:. SenJ th, ',iri-I.ular.
Ad.ldie:s MS l-S. .S. Jones.
1';f U;ie-'. A'.e.. Biokly.k N. \Y.

Seed Irish Potatoes.
lise beet ii.-titr,.es for planting in thii;
State .are those briu'ht tromi extteute
Eastern points. At:Lin on this belief.
we imported last year fr',t,
N',',V A Sitsl[
large Cluauttlties oif Early R':,-e.e, Ci'i
Red,. Beauty :if Hebr n and other varie-
ties, and the p,,tatoes raised from this
seid, were the finest we have erer seen
We will receive, iu a few days another
cargo ot the same po,'t.taoes, wtich we
w-ill sell at the following pri.:es:
Chili Red. .. ..... per barrel 9.4.50.
Early R :ie .. ........... .. $3.00.
Beautv of Hebron .........''3.00.
Every barrel ui'irantei-d as represented.
Remit with order, and we will ship the
potatoes promptly.
Jacksonville. Fla., .Jan.'5th, 1I.';.

"We Know by Experience."
For three Years we have used Br'ad-
lev's Vegetable" Fertilizer. After test-
ing along vithb other high grade fertil-
ize'rs.. .e pronoun'ce itr better than any
sild in Florida. We shall use it again
this year.
We do nu-ot hesitate to say to the vege-
table growers of Florida that. they can-
not use anything so goo.,d as Bradley's
Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. We know
by expe'-ience. what we say-regaiding
this fetitilizer.
V.:.FF':RD & A W"VI)lER.
Ft. Mason. Fla.

JACKSONVILLE, May 1-3, 1887.
Provisions. *
MEATS--D short ribs boxed, 8 37S4:; D. S.
,ong ciear sides a 37;;n D. S. bellies $S50;
wnaoked short ribs' 547;t; smoked bellies 8 87,';
( C. hams, canvassed, fancyc, i3e: 6. C. break
fast baron, canvassed, i2c: S. C. shoul-
dcrs, canvas-sed, '" Ca lfornala or pic-
ale haras, 'c. LnIrd-rtlned tierces -'.,,c;
Mess betf-barrels1050), bhalfbarrels$575; mess
porkiR15). Thesequotations.airo or round
ot irom first hands; whole cattle 7Y.;
dresed hos ; sheep :.,c; pork sausage c;
iolna le; long bologna 7c; bead cheese 6bc;
Frankfort sausage i.i,; rounds 8c.
BurTER-Best tabla- *!.,28o per pound,
sookLng Lii'._,Ce per pound.
Grain, Flour, flay, Feed. lHides, Etc.
ORA-N -Corn-The market Is higher.
['he following figures represent to-day's
anlues: We quote white corn, Job lots,
3 oushel, mixed corn,job lots, I62c per bushel-
oar load lots Svc per bushel. Oats quiet
snd firm at ihe'following figures: mixed,
in job lots, 42-c car load lots 4_l-c:white
aatslare 2}.Ic bTgier all round, Bransteady
and higher, $21 to -2 per ton.
HAY-The market Is firm and better de-
mand for good grades. Western choice
small boles, $18(4...per ton: car load lots $17 ad
to $17 50 per ton; Eastern bay 82% per ton.
PEARL GRITS A-ND lRAL--$O per oarrel.
FLOUR-Highe'r, best patents $5 8)@ 560;
good famUy $5 l)(645 10; common 4 25.
PEAS-Black Eye S1 eO per bushel.
GaOUND FEEDot-Per ton $2-4 to "5.
COFFEE-Green Rio i.i@25c per pound.
Java, roasted, 32@;15c; Mocas, roasted, 32@40o;
Red, roasted, @.i5c. *
CoiTro-rN SEED MEA.L-Scarce and higher.
Se., island or dark meal $30 per ton, brtgnt
.)r short dotton meal 8"2 00M123 00 per ton. -
TOBACCO bTEa----Maraetqulet but firm @
13 0() to $14 i:I) per ton.
LrME-Eastern, Job lots, $ 00per barrel, Ala.
nama lme$1 l15. CementL-American $200,
Engiish 6475perbarreL ..
Rict-The quotations vary, according-to
qlualitv, from 3..\d5ltc per pound. .
SALT-Liverpool, per sack, $1 00; per .car
load. 95@90c.
iDE[s-Dry flint, cow, per sound-Arstr
..lass,t12.113c,1; and country dry salted U@
tl.ic butthers dry salted 9@9Lc:. Skins-Deer
lrtl, 17c; salted 10,$iI2,. Furs-Otter, winter,
each 5cl4i.Ue-; raccoop 10@52c: wildcat 1t0@320c-
tox l0@2JO, Beeswax, per pound, Ie;. wool
tree from burs 2.,2ec; barry,. i0dl5o; goat,
skis 10@50o apiece. -
CbCAntry Produce.... :
OHK st-Ftne Creamery 166 per pond.
LIVE PouLTTRY--Limlted supply and good
demand as follows: hens 4io; mixed 5c; half-

J. J. Daniel, of Fleming& Daniel, Pres.
Jacksonville Board of Trade, Jackson-
'v11t. Fla.; .Jauses I. S.:iuLirat,'''+r. Pies.
Fti-t Niiounal Bauk of FIlorila. Pres: J.
c- A. RP. F1. Co., .Jacisoniilie. FaI.; Ja rniet.
i.- Pite. Ro:-il Eetit,,. tacisLuvite. Fl...:
F-,-ril- R. tit ,-a,!te. Acent Sointhei i Ex-
i'i.. Co., 1 .fe.i_',:u-,vivle Flai.; Jaimcei I.
7ii li' o.'Tiit;, Se, r)tarS, S-c eta..
J;'.:].:--.:.,iiviii B,,oti .J ,:,f Trdd.+.e. t-,:,itti~ittee-.
jA,:i:-,:,;ViLL a, Fla., Ap, il, 1"!^';.


T1 .t-.2 i .. i-j ,: [ L n j|I .:. ii arur c: -...d tl.r.
.d* m !- J'A.A: t-*"!'iL111 ': !I-L~~ UM L.;., ;;"^ r- 1. J
n. t .rhliiL. ri. i i li' p. -"tr.,ra 0.:- ridinaIt--
n,, "-*n l-.:r, u ".i riif W,E, a j r.:t i. :u ,' I r.-u.,
li~i' nrt:.,brh ,:,[ M\ r,', 1- ,:rrj-_' rr' .,:l ur. the .[a,_K.
,:.:i.-i'l~ll: _"l 2l.:,u ']Ul LUtb t11. iii,-'[ l :, re'tr'_i "

C Li as. .-,

1P75 "t ',t ;",
IC; t -it t. "
1 'i.'. ', 7

I .i t 53 ,

\v3i i 1 t.
1" i" *i': i; ;+
I>-7, 9. % 7.

'The followingg quotations are carefully re
vised for Wednesday's aud saturday's -paper.
rom quotations furnished by dealers in ihe
Cit-y Mai'Ket.
Catiota wholesalp at 3Si00 per barrel, and
retail at a cents per pec-k.
Gr'en Onsics wholesale at 60 cents per
hundred, and retail cents per bunch;.
Fiorida Cabb.age whoiesale 20 a per barrel
anrid retal at .5 toll) cents.
QuaO wholesale at 10 cents each and retail
at i'5 cents., or two tor a quarter.
Oranges wholesale at $JuW to 5 per box,
and rertai at .5 centIs.
Spiaage wholesales at 75 per bushel and
rietajis at foar quarts for S cer'ntsi.
Sweet Potatoes wholesiale at it) cents, per
ousnei, and retal at cents perquart. '
Letiuce whoiceailes at lr20i) cents per dozen
nead. anrd retail at .-5 cnts per head.
Parsnips whoieeaie at. i2 75 per barrel and
retail at four iand five for 10 cents.
RobLus wholesale at 6 cents each and retail
at 0Icents..
Celery wuolesales at -50 to 60)cents per dozen
and retails at three to four stalks for 5 cents,
a,'eord mg to size.
Eggs are ia fair demand. Duval county .
eggs are quoted at wholesale at 11 cents
per dozen, and retail at 2 cents.
Boston martrowfat squashes .wholesale at
t250 per bairel, retail at 5, 10 and 15 cents
New York Irish potatoes wholesale al3T 76sto
2-90 per barrel and retail at 10 cents per quart.
Northern beets are worth wioteshle 2650
per barrel, and retail at AiL cents per quart,
ortwo quarts lor 15cenli.
Radishes bring at wholesale 15 to 20 cents
'er dozen bunches of seven radishes each.
rhey retail at 5 cents per bunch, or three
bunches for 10 cents. -
Live poultry-chlckens, wholesale, from 36
to 10 cents each; retaU tI0 to 50 cents each.
Dressed poultry.per pound--heblckens, retalU,
18 to ') cents. Turkeys wholesale, i.00U to
51.75 eanh, and retail at 20 cents per pound.
Northern meats retail as follows: Chicago
beef from 18 to 25 cents per pound; Florlda
beefed to 15 cents per pound; veal -0 to25cents;
pork 12 to 15 cents; mutton 10 to 20 cants,
venison 23 cents; sausage 15 cents; corned
beef 10 cents.

BALTIMO.RE, May 14-The betterarades
of Maryland tobacco are In active demand,
but tihe stock Is reduced. There Is little de-
mand for the poorer grades or Maryland, or
for Western tobacco. Virginia choice sells -
with Maryland at from $10 to 15 per 100.
NEW YORK,' -May -14-The Western -.
leaf market Is quleLt Pennsylvanla selec- --.
tlions are In demand, but the stock Is light. It.
takes a very fine arlIcle'to bring$16;. .
Havana tobaccod Is- very active at prices -.
ranging from 60 cents-to. $1.10-per pound.
Sumatra Is quiel, at $1.20. to S.50 per pound.
ST. LOUIS;- May H14.-The -demand Is --
good and tbe market firm In al grades. l. "
RICHMOND, May 14.--Lugs are- selling at
from 3 to.6 cents8;and liaf-fronm-6 to12. Good
.gradeslln aotlt e r ue- st .js .-.r -- -._

SA.VANNAR.,'May 14-The Upland Cotton
Market closed'-nrm at the following. quota-
lions: .- .
Middling fatr -0-1*-16
ood middling 109-16 --
Middnlug 10 -16 -. .
Low mlddlng...-..;....;,. -....-.... 10 1-16 -
Good ordinary '-" -""' .' ""- 9 8-16,. ;
The net rcelpis were13 .Sbales; gross- re- ..
celIpts 18 baledS; sales'5: bales;-stoc:at this ;-
port .319 biales. -'-' '_ "---.
SExports to the Contilnen.-.- j.ejports coast-
wiseo 5 .. .. .. .-. i : ""... .. ":-;
SEA 18tsI^DO0T. -
-The market is quiet an'&'n'Bmiil at.un-5
cdanged quotatilons. -Attle e st ,fk'or sale and- ,,
scarcely any arriving. .' -. .--
Common Vlorld.s'.... ";,7-15
M edium ............, : '16
Good Med.dium .- 1 --;
Med ra. flia. ... : -...-...t.- "- '
Extra fine "- r --'- -:.",
Ohot..-. ..,-- -.. -
.- . v:.-'+_. "-+.Gr

- ~#r.s .~


4 1 4,


ROA 3^^ ? -)


Absolutely Pure.
Tnil;' powd.-r uniev,[ varies. A marv-l i:,t
punr l, ibi.iUiit!u d wthr..so'tcness. Moire
.CUOihu,. a! I'ibaU thn. ordoitrniary kinds, and
iai.Lr..L ie -_:ld in c-,mpetiitl.in witb the
muittud cr Ii,' i o _-tr. snJort w.ei h aiti *:,rr
phr.i ,'p- te p.'.,-l!b ,,,Id : 'iQ, n inii,
R.B:I AL BA.KIt, PiOWDEr( Co,., lIlM Wall St..
N- v Y..rk
Tr: ' :. r .y ai,:- i.ral,.e and la grt dei--
mfin d.
Eo,,---Duvatl COutIV 14 per doziu withL
lIitt-il deand an. and o,:d .upply.
IR.an p.:.T-AI..es--N,,ilnc1,- potr.,il:ti.s t2 ""''
i' ) 0 .t. 1.". r r tt riI r l.
ONNq-B. I, mtlitir2' i ""' pi-r (.rat,'; pe-r
r. i' -! ;;i. 7'5 t',. i ." I)
V-',,'r da C a.int a: ,-, I ':..."20'' pi'r Or'ii 'ei. i-he-
e. I r ,,i n ., E itih' Euirk E.t.
NEW YF.K BE.r--tL.:., s upply at 250 per
i-o, ri.!
NEW E.EERT--FIl.rii', pr irate-. S2 iii
UAL.LIFL, :WEF.,-Ptr haer-'i, 1 tt..( o.ad i75i
P'er' .: I .i ..
[r.-.i. T,:.E -- F!.''' t.li. rc _' .ralT.. 2'-'; LaKz -
',V.:. i- :r t.:. 2 ..
NLrtEF.N I RIP:---;,:,t- l-ippiy iti E"22i
p.i-r 0 .ri'i'.
1, -'- n- P r ,.1Ii'. 1 '-'
.rN.r- BEANI--Pi:r .:rat, St it.I
Nrv.- Pi..i,.:,Es-Per .Oarril, ti'i. per create,
SI *2i.
i.'io: utnaE FF--P-r, bs., '2 i2i.
Foreign and Domelic i'ruits.
PRUNES--FIeuc h, :12c.
PINE APPLE--SVl 2:2',1 ;l"' per dozen
LEMl,,NS-i1r-"nai-, i4 i.i per box.
AFPLE--Ni-"w YorK $6 .i to i,,C i) per barrel
F!,:. --lIt Ii:)-ie Ie.
[)iAEi-PS:IciU-E-xS'c; FraLs 7C.
GRAPE---Mal-'is.-.i, 05ii) per keg.
OBAN,:-E--Fl,:ira-Peer ros 8.3 :5 to. $5 ').
B.AN.NAs_--od supply.; ifrom ,'c to0 $20 1
per b u ub. h
-No--_Aki,:.nd.ls l'c; BiatIls 12cl; Filberts
S-iv|Tl I-' Enaue'n Iwainuti, Grenoblesi, ice;
-ar':,ots. c: "Pe-as 2Peas 12 PeanuL ic;
,i'noimt? $-l 5', per hundred.
R_,Ia-iNsc-Lcuo.n layers. $25, per box.
.'uAJBERats-2-2'75 per crate; SflOt per
BoullETRatNE--CraMner Ie; Extra Dairy
Ile' D-.irv 15.
dEf-sE-Hal skLim lil-, cream, L a per: