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UFPKY NEH LSTA



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055763/00004
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1887)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 3 v. : ill. ; 50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: C.H. Jones & Brother
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: January 5, 1887
Publication Date: 1887-1889
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 5, 1887)-v. 3, no. 3 (Jan. 16, 1889).
General Note: A.H. Curtiss, editor.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000454290
oclc - 11040152
notis - ACL6442
lccn - sn 95026760
System ID: UF00055763:00004
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

Full Text



. i hi


oeime mot. suc f thelat-,
t iot yiintet% w -'iY'bout.
'The scion 0 -o.- last
sa mer's. "growth,*" i .J ..es.rt he
:larger'than',a pencil. ^Bum'g& .i ed at
the lower end as shown in th.i: "i'rstra-
tioia.it isinserte'd either-into a vine of
.itswin size, or at khe outer,edge of' a
- Miade in a larger vine which has
been sawed off at th.6 ground.,- In the
-.itte.r oa be clefttmay be-made intone
ftdje of the stuaip and'one poion insert-
'ed,-or entirely across and scions inseited
,on bothsidep. The cleft may be made
b p'l. spitting, or by' sawing and then
op ing with a wedge. A small graft
pneggItAobe securely bound, but a cleft
-o.ughto hold.the scion without bind-
int g. .-,
.A-It is.frequently remarked that our
,-ld- grape vines ought to be grafted or
budded. Bqth of the ,common kinds
S been grafted successfully, not only
i oukgh- ked aesiivalis, but .the
o i-bard vvulpina, a.species which
eenconiidered more obdurate than
'other. 'From Orange anlI Putnam
-nties we have the following accounts
eriments of this nature:


~41~





I


D "'


an vicious. .He hadotherivar
of Northern grapes;treated in lilkde
ner and doing equally welU. Thosed.ih
will follow this plan will have no diff
culty about raielng grapes.
This method has the merits of simple
ity and cheapness added tO that .of pra
lonkgi tihe Concord's lease of life,. thea
by.removing one of the objections wIil
.ire urged against. that popular gra '
which will be made the subject oka
other chapter. We hope that anyone'
has a h oioult.urfil or other, practice -
**trick"L.h ich he does not care to pI
ent, wilt send us a description for-ptbl -
cation. in order that his country ep
may share its benefits. --Your lightlIe
.none the less for lighting your ueigL;
bor's."-A. H. C.
Wine Grapes for Florida. '
BY BARON B. VON LU'TTtCLAU.
The Black Bamburg-provideditl'
of the genuine kind, and. I have sei'
least a dozen different grapes bought
and wrongly believed to be Black HBa*i-
burg-is well known to bea very excel-
leut grape. and will do well in Fl1iai.l
in favorable localities ,.
Our rainy season sometimes caun-s
one-fourth or one ehird-of the. bunhbs
to rot, but the remainder will pay -veky
well,..even if the losses amount to oe-
half. Covering with paper bags iS. pf
grest advantage. Neither- among the
varieties of V. Labrusca, nor in apy.
other classes of American grape -vins,
can I find a very early bearer that ji-of
good quality, fie arid showy, and agood
bearer. Therefore I have tried to fiad
such among V.'-Vinifera, and I *haie
-now several varieties that .I think.tper-
fectly adapted to o(r soil and cliiatp-.
They ripen very early, bore hb-he.
season sets in. I have's'old''ta


to. -be maka
W. OWd i ospfIng.
io e but lhpeopl ,
uIc lAtgl'adto. ^6kjw sdchhi.
reseflvitg'beru'B
S:-.,d- Xeyiyrespectfull-.
.- C. MARSTON, U. S.
SCoufat of the Uhited"Sta
Maa .-Nov. lot, 1886.
7 -.Tro. tfie Consul at Naple
Def-Sir-Yout letter.'of th
has been received ; .
Orange'a,'re not .gatherebl 1
to be preserved or-stord 'away
jpriilg, but .are "left "on: the
It bke3a1hqeniSlipped or s6'd i
lketAve.: The-temperature o
'nar,'average winter does'
tt hM and they are sometih
the qees for two years.
Wben the winter is unusu
many oranges are destroyed
:does not'happen very often.
I have never beard of any
method of keeping oranges d
winter ram, sir -
S'Your obedient servan
SEDWARDCAM
.. .. S.'Con
Ulii.. i'.ta't: Cobsulate,-
1N'alesiNqyember it'h, b86G
m "' thec Erom.eConDB at PL er
- Sir- ii replo.. your letltI'
litimoi; wi hjiren'ce .tot he
anyiv. ad -Eurpe


Ji l' ... ..' ..eful. Nat.i..
.-T4 i.LfRED
thb-res- -.-A tree which holds i
di in the perpetual possesaiontenougrl
table for ritory of. Floridh-. to' contifut
S-. sized.county deserves to be o.kw
g..ni.s m better' than it .is.: -Though Lp
of%-MaIaa tastBarea, the mangrove clai0 oar
ofeld'.of ..that might be serviceable e to ti.
S :thecontrary it~libo.tiniually-budH
: lnds which, in the'"coureof r 4
AConsul. become: fitted for tillage"-- It erain
tes, '" beautifiesaour southern coastt3. pnthu
.'le does. "Anf one who. h
es among.the mangroves of sote1b el
he13thO t ida-must remember with pleasure
he 1 et ,alluring though perplexing.labinb
r. e infa emerald islands, which charni .b
bill next luxuriance of verdure, but. someti
res toll ne tire by their monotony. f ,
' tes te We,speak. here of the red.mangro
n the mrri- and not of the black,.which often grQ
f the ordi with it, but Is in no wise related. One
not affect called red because its woodand bqrki
ues left on red, and the other is called bla'k-ft
all severe cause its wood and bark are black?:;.I
, but this fact. there is no point of reiembfiid
but t between the two, except as to their pP
particular. growth.
particulargthe ur mangrove is one of a scr
durng -theces which.inhabit the tidali s
i sub tropical regions. It: is
'AUS in its nature; being keP
SU[.L '" "N
sul.

mo. -
of .the3th '
.means,4if.. -..>


a view to.


He Eer bed lit1"'havetrid at nthoiytorestaed 2:fI! b c'


10 o w'e-haveno doubt that if t a f c- l goe .v abohut
Sbe -intoduced into cu ltiat est, second in th.e of te
Sroe rey valuable, and that antoi ensure va- and I Lope Ae ill pr en those ot. the sea-
^ruvitot dy th-x e -cnsid ear obtainable with valuee' trainss and the dbird .
ds"a w fruitewe cannot'l a~ iDceeeji Well on BELVEDERE, Dec. I, l&b6.P elae the m-untain
hfwei have no doubt that if t *-t .. a belt, aer; thesc ofa the
e^^Pe he introduced into cultivation .ntane -f teratton ca b OR ANGE C oLtLRE ABROAD sa- ot e inferior.
itel prove very raluahie, and' that io c r, bI O Nicatng with you I re-A
-he 'proil .l hpo [d fromI -hici..erer wtes I.-Letters from Americh d to nth bit oft
il5provae more generally aatisfactsf .. r .a o eri ion the It f'ulish information
ancy pees now cu d ases unless Ie suls in Europe.a.,: Q Florida, bu t ay,
a':'. ~ .'. =:. .....or w o writes over his Liring ihe -atter part of 0l.
th uch i, ,.,B oth from r ea -d a d t L au ,. las .p p would I leann anything
a .c anou hce oth rory o ,j' Me d lr w ,nm ,i. n Lro th i M I-. sIhall tal- e pleag ure in
Ste8. uAp so ne t hav arti es forL future papeis a r F lo -li the i grape .w fui-a to y, arnd, ._ o ur po o LastJr .u wi ntte r." says NMrr o athe ri. F ul,, rt l, t r ..
k .ity toe up ly i u lof it Toutt e of ok I o ruitoe c .uan of a grape Fasnr i, dar n .tr osant'r st o L-pres -t servant, it
e e -drng i .ieo is si T iril f l br.q era lieve to be one of Rogersa' in i nhem tl, r artificial e ran .pree i TH E RN, oRl -
ill hrid"perar the igawam-aurd in .ihti for Lnark-ting. Nove ih oc. t o
a n cuh n gs uTE aEnd they se m i o theA stck I f large w, (,ll c L tl-, to have rag l esied ".
,er b t .h adptc'cuttinvs orcggoae at a.l 5th, 1 ......
nt e t appears pinO glap growing in a sand%, ecrtd that it was a ust,-~ lard. it greati-es the oniop.hE re raid i-rth lIe6.rasDn .f Ib
feeds froem the. aler and muddy boutt i grain l e tl c :.s, rental.
151 es has never been handled tir year. I was at the North; lar kmineg atet iou al t he itr rnrart- e g urm al ea a td u smt pi afltc r he
vnsIapespndpinihdtbeeSllice l-. Graft, inejg rg 6[D ply to jout lfa!t the twc^bighP oes, of each day furnishing1 ti. they FriaCg3 the rocundg
orticultnri1st, but it may he ex- al e ard when I camn back I car e' "to ha kn "'; i l t h intC a e toitis ec ti e rl ea r le a d
eCted to behave ri about the same as the fou the grafts haa made S ag- perimeraltes w itha o en tiedgr io Iv e to obtain rei niy its regular dail-V meaise Wat its m st Re e.4 aL- ders. ohile
a6 sca' varieties. Its resemblance to grg t of at leatr toy feet of exi t l it ofpi. ente t irirht i n -ne ie rrnt r ie l rc a
4latier hold encourage any one who we l-rji eddtaned Dot bet te t. --. eiiti rars soils n i ield an ad drer nes 1torenne ic I.he d tah c c e
i sttr:t -d a no b in up re n i ap, u l oreare r.- us n t f- el u ruc ty phiouh o n of thetharI t sti al .c h teecd ianew.
wsheso tr this experiment. for choice but mply htailing abou-rt" he olarss live pll to u't hel Iu g. t itentsre de rs whisc tendance which The woricus cyle
.dseedlings of that species hae been and- eeds.. t (fi "n a d.t. be .mInly get orience ronijted... I cra t&4E, byI r mu du- of wte rIl w .n f be .c.i.acteetr eteri i.rme d anew.ang oe a
a.parent stock, ot a majority of the T&inewhichMr.Mead g fte ot onltrito. statementsacu dr.ge ies u rak Tdl I m -uLt lefer las No ije t *or ee oer e, which h dtec ded to the 'Thedecendl ng h a inlhesw
orite'A'merican grapes. evid Lly a r lpica. ,r noa th eak.i no t ca 1i lat d'to enc,,ur ig t i c. sb" r g ". -' i .,-'-l l water itwed t feet elowf r secribed- ienderi..ei aY I
Se-hope 4hat anyy one who attempts grows oni pie tan n. In the f in to a.a gre at ai mount cof to x d Eri.entation. JI'iCg d ejia i rm tia nti e ealounditi o h a mpa c netrau clen he alopbe on
l experiment will do Sti with the in- instance thb -ciec refeird to:isw g .Havrg ,eo thae n to dou.f t t re g en ct" Juice"and essentiall ai"d felanm h oa myles of ag bo re that extend usually in, te tes in v.
t on df ontinuing it by future propa- questionably u tuly.in/ o ,ur.. o.. n fio- .icil attn m t b n tg e gentleman of the fo rige,t ea-n ard Iett ,ft. x- t s whreit- roundo ts larepa ,t ri.ng c ,-re copies only .er _
expe tg eel, tel td Dr ped fwuit an fuit unit fdor e6xo-d -grO 1 u .wt te in-height. On the bani 3'Ie
be-obtained that will possess superior by whicu2 that Speler is ciom iy plying I thc-' [loper Department at (-shngsucess io tae Fatro ANti w eri a ther mnrmove g erain the a ruling frcdle rni ,iei
S.q.alaties Applications should he sent known in theSouth. ar.,hi.gton, we obtz.,ued the addresses Ff.uGiow, Im uo per oand l roian tu o c t pile.s.. hew 6l

,.at once, as we intend to send off to 'Last June," writes Mr .J. H. Moore of the conruns at Naples, Messina, Pa- YourI truly, utmost pro fusmin and luxuriancea at laltsad ci.- r an t lasic .nhed isn -
al-at the same time, namely, about the of 'Ke'nka. I visited an old laimer in lemo" Ma'aga, atsinia anCaselamare. W1L.WL S. JitE. Itistograd ua y is so h reat a c t ed L ter. 'icied The and i., ,ter "
of February. Address, Putfi county. He took me into his the Ih October we addr eed Ute ta Co i a a ua usointodeeper I b ent the bar s e
.inion FARMER AND FRUIT (,R.wER. orchard, and there I Saw large Concord lett-rs ". all f uhc.e, asking themif any I--tsak& N- v. 8t. 1-S. water. Then oysters establish them- i. rely riu in tannin, Icinrg rcoxn
iselesro nit sl uover.ed br c e r, to co ti tr as _uch
.. A. H. C. vine hanging full of rtpe grapes ww cb artificial mertIs wemee ploweded I e As Mi '. .irs paerewlves on e i euol merged a o ranchgsst treft a.al yd is to contain twki e a s muce t
""'ba' he said ha been bearing for thirteen rl. c s paper wl occupy two mater coects amongst them tr e- rn as he st oak ak. Its juice a
.RAFTI-NG THE GRAPE VINE. years. I could tardcht 'eheve himt, r oa ge i' of Ilti S e tahin uamrs-, rs c hall presenting se uri nexs saying t eavea anu twigs are a.. dd-. aod a,-- n nt-.ttil.le ......ain, a^ is. u
ir.. _had i Uead Conol'd tiiesiin Flor-a c,,u .I t r,,aitiis a af s c tr II this series. Our h l i thus the mangroves continuallv build- m'a'n o to t pi ei v"nati ve a .id fet
-.-ienes in. Grafting on eat be depended ,on FI.ir, than cour -ed pik ol if c-', 'n .. it 'tr suhe're- eno r will kind it to be replete with ing upnew shores, andcontinual;l pu-b- 'iu al t pri rli'. Cnsidel ng'that
"'. 'er nes in G ti b e dn loer 'th tr :..il. s i, i. t. i-m that the., r- n el rind tiniresting fasts relative to ingout still farther into the water Thus ,ark wis o ,extremely riich in tanbin, a
S-Nativ Rt r.a He aid tIer us a "trk" t i ra ]emon busessin Sicily. it builds up land and prepares it for a it may otaed ailyad-n



it n..-.l The acctmpanting itecstratin repre-tsecel. Eieittt is: "FIn th, monthmof ,,r,. F'T a'iiia paper has afforded us otherformsofvegetation, limited 'uantsty. ec :i :t bI-his
~le Thelt5 are-P birila rriin isct er sg hdj
Swim L-imJe Bnserg atalogue. ti( -u. a ti c them tts tih J a of [lh. r te ioieh e oi ar1ll rfec ives reader wil s lve fr m i sguw a hs e ao t a cat oci u i- c l

-. turq, orv ed tem frt a sntmne ar, intends fmin. His .'unIn tao in Tti i i ni t c ni a thete in. erce i i t1.0 Mr. Jones has presented at to sea by the low of the restless pt i d --
e-" 4 F rencl .oL- traftin is quite silmp h coarR tookm e- ro nt i O th i L T of S te su je twhc hii p tu -
I$iai rcrR r vRI proe. o per t apes were rie join usin thank- tg th o aroese oeneenmen rr se A.,. H. C isa of fer hina nate" Ae ft toL e r bx E

GR FTN THE=' GR P VINE.v. s O s t p airo fowes is 1i bure a "e I om 65 to E6 .s er lo

P rears. -. si t r-,he. - :a- > -a
-N ti e Ro t uli fi~ r ag Ldle o b snesin Siiy.i b idsu l n a d ipae i oraou.it an e % ul et ai-not e r iod tb ,..~liJ~A b ,f,ljtA E'T w ap r b s afode s t erfo m o egttinaII_ o


. I




































































..'-used.e U r
erv- a"plyit sote-_tlhchcropsascorn and the inoi.turrE I be.-p
om'des, coeffect ..------ -"
i and its generallyv I:nown that its effects are o- Tree platidg. The nueds of aivg.tablesmay be arehir og e 06 fari i inole ae
oa. soil tied most advantageously when it We believe forest litier-tob lb-emost--sowed this month, except of bescu. at th y cannot sell their potato q
To Umate- wme-oc ly agree mised with kainit and acidy9 pophcent natural fertilizer fot alltrees. This and I tpnbers. squa.hes and melonr. These an advantage. Just think o. a
o ome. m at is the The rmeapontas nearly 9 pri. other imp. tat poiuts are well set forth a apt to get chilled and to ro -t in t, bu hel of potat-es canti:gc e~ e
.b am-onid .ut olv e* o "p ....... D. "Born- grmounhd, and nothing i gained y p rant- k fr* Li.verpo-'.l cieaeape t e in y
:' I think so. Different methods may acid and i of potash; and tee.uiw ie i "*"-r"c"r "n,. them before Febru..iar. In tuteerul n be thought by rail troyt.:-.bnY't> ;
skc ir Eo hatf. whi'rh con t: in-- ton in tile Ii In" ii begric-'hleriI: in, them h r Fbi In ttn
aod do for a time succeed equal y ll an.] 13 per a ut. of hoshr ic dant aid Trees Iiust be well st. to start with, Florida they ma3 be planted in Jan- aw Yho.ik. PotaL-grOwer, iu-Ame'rca
or so nearly o as tomish ead mauyan.l 1 t. with l'pr ent.of tdi, are elt alter pr,.,tection will avail but little ur. w t cIeaper t tati t me
cajole them into too sh and unphlt,,- ka wnu n ith 13 p i ..*e .. "o ,,- r round must be deep, mellow and ..r the fowern garden, F.,i ne'h imart l 1" -.:. :
odad.rn a in tb a t e -. nd t h -i' for t l dmo be t 'k u be umaderby'tvt l thde e Ofan- a -- "
sophic.al methods that must inevit.,blv addt d it will I.e oe n that a v, p wer hi .r iu mt b dA ,,o ld ao r t e i e e
lead to failure and disappoint in 'the fiul compound ti e. ,- ,Inii u F,-uh fiieen manure mu.t .y uh s inwe t esat, n -,trn D -it s..




futue n eyewhich e to the truth and quprp tt nar e 1osftred euard against drought. It is a pemut boon dsdhra .wet av ed aio n Tiel reducon in Btel





d u b btnu o: I-
.u o'e, w ihmuda be a' r,1eIeV a r rro ta r1 o p .,un 1 f tiarle Ul tr cold, .... t ei i s a nj o- une n sturtitum. balam, vei .u i the e h.
ti e rbeco ndiiriun of nature'a s a te h iti 5. 1 pro ]s t t 'trd 1h s n ite. n D nt -e- -root.et b toe utt m B t t a piat e d l n tI n fac t.. am5 .. "
Sadl decag to he governed by whi s 50hu pounds of wn misd rThU trolmrani w Lanta p tife;, ht lea ve t-l a d in t wl ro d- t ow. utE P
and errors oar, with age, t and hat wiill tog ether the total cot. of the mixture l the land without enriching than to use suli seed in the Open fl.%ier b.- n MINUTE ... -
n su ot r.hn. iad open tit tli gh t e ot green m anure a ut tree r o.i.. t. n(r later if the ssd .e io e and llz.w .-
0 f and well attested facts in It must he borne in- mind thae root s do n to o Tie wsh ine, tie win and hilly
3 antdre. tfiree chemical ingredients namla ed are this is a common mistake. Some people, niln air will crue e a waste of ited and SL Augustine and Palatka
t ed out in my stud ot the those that are especiallv valuable to'se, em to think, toha tetre s oun he i-jure the tesdur t seedling plant. cThere- Vte a
t' wt aoluly o terie ro ips. and must be contained in all Put down from four to six inches lowr fore it is ile- n to such see in th c l~

01'sp. wto wise say ge to h truth and quirenients ot plants. And the ex Seem t do thin that deep seeing is a safe- of fiely prepied soil an provided ith THE TANDL D SORT LNE..
j;o -ll o........ -gains d,- the trut coan I u a ton o" see. o- w i a.. u.- fuain s h r l a e at e la y i. t hi s State. ,1 c pr m e co]nec- al oo with td rast n 1L
S.-- earnest desire to flind some safe -ence cotton farmers basmonstrated ur agit du t bottom drin h e o i hu 'ld hb tamer
-mObd to pursue id caring for a grove. n that none of the guanos that are sold sure way to stint and starve a tree. (f pre-sse down seiotily anl moiktened atuc in Time! Rhducton In eSa t L
e the rees that were treated to a or even muh ge pcs can ar Yiiou w.ill see the fruit with ne sprinkler: and aftr the seeds .mmenowg Monday, Nov 29h,
swardof Bermuda grass, and being near preach this compound in effective value. of Pontr- qu -at.A lr f th I bi a ow
the h-use and well fertilized, grew there Tie addition of a ton of stable manure cold sub-roil is not tire place for the main 'sifted over them. Thenti te lox: .
r -well for a few years.anrd the gwuer m". withl th t iherl' free lngir ient.tA, fading roots and riotlet of tree;' shontl hbe covered with glass un til e DAtLY EXCEPT SUNDAY.
the riocg. wr vm surfac few aearr alter t,.'. t he Pa lea ........ NIX) a i ... P "
hs r man Sou th. This comr et Lst hi'.l is u tat. i soil a-nd if th rust down into a deep need okIly e used in chllyV weather. T b Av Palatka .... 10.. am 4.40p M
sho.we holeeeuw ha i. ta these cannot, ody cou rve, get tlea r r e .t iie CL. stUne ..... _10 a.m 6.00 p -
sho-,w-ed 'me-- Where" ke nad dug Up tellscae e what. ren,: as "Fur- tholF theh -ould never he allomwedt o t') r Leavep Pa ............ 1 a in 4.50 p in

undiu And tu in the `-Id, oats and rye mar still he
insa e arn e l n|t ha beenkow he tree ay nt e outright, at one. I I Augustine. a m 8.12
nature vindicate her ways. I have seen in Ca eorgia and te other States during I but it will be pretty sure t: drag along s ,)i n. at east .r ree.. f ..d. (, "if :rritei'atal a. ....... A. 0 rsa i '.1 Pm
another grove, the pride andi hope of its the Past ive "er o. It i si-ply in w out to anything if it-' f ie Leave Palatka. ...... 9.- am---
now er wrho hba planted it and watched accordance with common sense to mi ending ro s are ,set dow ay-leanttaald; I r.ye fir seed -rhorll be ru..m f I Arrive -St a ugumtfone -_.1s .. t1 .10 am 6.00 pm,
Jand o fore La, ,t. until it had become a together in due proportions the materials raw sub-" l-n-..ettin. deep mlay prevent .... is State Vnry t ine crop' cf orun-re
l._e _.ft and he was over-confi- that contain the 1Pdv '- aboth win from wncthin toer ree harvested in the Pease .... country E.--I Aalniain e Tampa & Key West By.
a rce ro t, and.hewsor onf i tha or caution. Trees should be staked lr, and we wou recommend, or '
e and-would, never ar roots of his The meal'i more valuable for manure to hold them steady. This is an impor- tube use inW4P State, thy o..iz f this line by December thelth,

eye o or rake must be than the whole seed, because it is more tant item in the care of trees newly set, seed rye grow, in that section it being,
u outlets that were immediately available to the plants, and and should never-be overlooked, held by good authorities that it is of ad- ST. JOHNS RAILWAY-ANCIENT CTY
to. feed-cos tr e ue contains a larger per cent of fertilizing Nothing is of greater moment, how- vantage to obtain the seed for this crop- ROUTE-DAILY.
~ Ut~ hto been- cjiedt thy urfarequet a ndmAter in proportion to bulk. When the ever, than.thorough mulching. Mulch- from a more southern latitude. I L ave Mt. Augustine. sSpm
Sabundant. mulching, till' they formed a whole seed is used a considerable portion in.g cannot be overlooked without im- Sugar cane is pl,-,nted in January; and Arrive Tocol ............. ........618pm
, perfect net-work and occupied every of it do-s not rot, but dries and shrivels, periling the young tree. I place it above it.is. to be hoped that the next crop -vill Leav e 6 75 p m
inch of surface soil, and of course ap- or rots so slowly that the growing crops all else in the management of young not suffer from the same cause as ariva St. ...... 7 80 p m ............
'" ropriate,. quicklyeall food derived from f ail to benefit by it. And in all cases the trees of any kind. It serves Many pur- the last. Our next issue will contain mnJkcstonvlle tolt points n Southemor
the -mulchidg or other' sources. But oil in the seed retards the rotting great- Poses It keeps the wind from the roots an article onthe culture of this crop by ida.
wait a few years, and ever constant ly while this oil has in itself no manu- and lower stems, holds moisture for one of Madison county's farmers.
nature will rebuke this and f ian but only represents 'them furnishes fertilizing material by Seed-beds for tobacco are'-to be pre- DAL-E E SN.
self-confident violator of her well-estab- so much value wasted when the whole that most natural process-filtration. psired this month, and in regard to this Leave St. Augustine .......10 43 a m 2.4 p
s-tatein the forest. Their leaves falling have -ad experience i ....... .. ......... 45 a m .4 p m
t _117 .,to all observers of the outcome. In a ton of seed-about 64 bushels- those wlo h b P w ith arrivee St. Augustine .... 1. p 30 p
late tgport by an observing visitor to there are about 85 ga'ions of oil, worth in autumn furnish layer after layer of ill this State. Tobacco culture promises
t lat One, model antti-oultus e r grov 8.o5 cents per gallon;' and, therefore, i mold, which is deepened and increased to become one of Florida's most -Connects at Toco with the fast and popu-
that, :it does not look near as well as where whole seed is used, about $12.25 by decaying wood. A deep, mellow, portantindustries, and much would have *o.ard ri-u Jc.sorfIglving2 hours a.d
bhre"tdore." nat lo tlonga rof. actual value is thrown away; besides' moist mold thus surrounds the roots sleen done the past year towards its de-. 5 minutes at u A. aug n-iannto

S this abuse even if retbionhsnot one ton of the whole seed is re-! and protects them both summer and velopment but for te route dor 'rours.q Trains ru So- .
-now commenced. ally not as effective as the 800 pounds of winter. &ed, which was distributed in severloaugute, wfrutri,'e Tainsres" 1 ol
*II might continue examples of differ- meal that could be obtained from it. .


a g M airsbp.:. .-....... i...... .. ...;.:.... .... 6 .--
Conna tofliarRockrbH iI ini .Lt
coNN' -iCM,.
~~ ~ C(,&T,'TiON-. -: 7

At PaiaLks. j-.?' B.i.s.i- Ta.- rtpa. & K. y WS o -
-- au, it AJ- l, lr an-,1 IFaill-. I lwa., an M1 et
'.-r i n.,rr i-i 't. AiuiLStL-L. ,ftcr O ,'$.- lf-re -
. :ij ; anrl all rOLhu N.,m Ea.i a-i-.i J .
-" '1h in. rn-B 1wli.-cr iron -l "ial. c-''r r
,; K,." i -? T-l tip t, CllI l e^l'"- l'- II I -''I "-i
S-.. ,-. B.-.i .-.l. rn0ii -L.'. -C
.N rc'"" .--fR I. ,f-'I&'.T.
L".. i .- .iMi.:KRLi a'th ab liD!al' -.:.c -l Line,
Al"] k'l,-'nJr- r Lb u ih. b.ut [ lr.bf-JO Sr. rr oer
s in. F-ric'h ? t Westo R ii l Nwr N w rteaus.
-is^ l -.l,%,rItit Alt-kit s ury. crm Oef Lal-naty a,
A'. l NmanganD o.,
c1 i -ribJ- Flh iia tt -.Udin rcalJrar-. anr.i [:ira no
EL- l'J rrlc. Eu,.,rii, 56 1 At j-,n.a '' nlh,.I- Ma-1 l i- r. d ,agu-.t ne.

W-rn.1 3 uirai fu r--,i a-i Snrurd-1tGiiv R
odt \,cr -- ,t i j -nr ......... for Jaitr o n-


m ii' i h',', at l [srl C' awl-l"l -im 0

.icl dii-- Ti- Jrh -i R t ; ..lniipi ae ita th _
I'l iHar Eu in" r-h, rl i i rn0,.a t e 0

S. cNAiL. rv i BoipttL
At ,.-r,:r.d,,p McI-sc- 'r,, P.W 5re '
'%I w F, u i- .nrc a Raf. -ioL
clr, t TUI ", ,,lM.W ., E .xmm B. M w, r ..





FOB ORMONDI
DAYTONAl EAST ,, OTHT.
ST. JOHNS AND HALIFAX RAILROAD. -
THE
WHITE ROAD."
Dally Except BSiuday.
SOUTH BOUND.-
Tv .J acksonville via J. T s


LTv Palatka via Ferry Armsmear.... 2 20p m
Ar Rolleston ................ 2 5p
Lv Rolleston. ................................ 800 p m
Ar Tomoka......................... ........... 500 p m
Making connections wPlh steamers and.
hacks for freight and passage for Ormond
Daytona, and all points on Halifax River. n
NORTH BOUND.
Lv Tomoka ................ 800 a m
Ar Rolleston..................810 3 am
Lv Rolleston via Ferry Armsmar...lu 86 a m
ArPalatka 11 00 am
Lv Palatka .....1182 a m
Ar Jacksonville........ 128 m
Making close connections for all points o
North and West.
Special inducements to immigrants and
excursion parties.
Through rates of freight given to all points
on th. East Coast, and as low as by any other
line.
Road will be completed in a few days to
Ormond and Daytona, thus rendering the
hack transfer unnecessary. x
U. S. SPENCER,
W B. WATSON, G. P. A.
Traffic Mana ,er.


a.




.. --- .-w. ...- 0-' .- - Z -, : -iL - -4

-.:_. -, -:: .- ..V .... "4" _1 ... R I .t:R." .-:' -.,- -" -. :.+ .1-, ":". `. 1- ... 11- ". :+A"" U AR": ... .- I" -.-: ... .. -8..
V --1 .!. 1 . .. - .-1
+0+0.00.. -'
:,: 111 ,r P k-A P F I ,. '.- -it ,- J X N U. -..4-- I -, .-` I ;.Y A. 7.! 3. i
tt..... The cereal crop for 1880 was more than ROUND ABOUT FLORIDA. raising here is a profitable industry, one-third as much as an iron onef 7

aH^ r flh'Jf "'oe 2,00CHO,0 buhes I h ea rp fo pl0 ac oed in one AOT LRIA Tb g*enuin r ^orbnc bog is getting the same\ size hec ili Whae l
mass this would make a pile of 8500 A TOU Through Sumter ald scarce nd the Berkshire and Poland and one-third the draft, and can carry at I .
-"900,000 cubic feet, o ea pyramid three crosses thereof are taking their place. least double the weight of cargo of an )|
S AS YOUR OWN FORAGE. times as great as that of Cheops. If Hernando Counties. From here to Oak Dale the county is iron vessel. The ocean steamers, built I
.-loaded on carts it would require all the1 rolling some with bodies of Al pine Ind. of this metal, can increase their speed

--- Experience with Grasses in horses in Euro and lui'7,00'0 more BY 13. w. O'M.A.IARY. ,. Oak Dale ought to have a good future for on account of their lightness. They I
S rnge un(3,000000 o re it. though each A jo, nnen ot seventy miles weatt-y a small town, it is blessed with really will be made of thinner and lighter __San_____
Orne ont.horse drew a load of two tons. Wer from Eustis, via Leeshurg. Sumtervi!le, good water. It has one store kept by plates of metal; have stronger but much
Ead lior fl~orida Fannaer and -Fruil 'orow er: the e tire crop of cereals loaded on a an"h r a a m c t h gHol ,.z ir l ande tll. Spe fctulator ha e bo gttler in hteer e ng n s a ct la iger a l indumon e
p. K ^ .7 .SS'' -E ES .-/^ s .^^ I







T._' the question is so often asked in continuous train of cars, the train would aassa river, affords a good idea of the up these lands till the ctual settler in prp r I fat, same matw- aluminu
:.:,+ e, o + ,o ,e 7, .o uo..- : o,. -o"'




r' orida, oWhat can d get to feed my reach one and a half times around the diversity of soil and natural adapta- good faith finds it hard to get a hcne vssls and..e.ginesoofwter srate mate- I
-tock, cheaper and better thn Northern s value is half as greatasall tionsof thisportiono Sothern Florida, unless hesubmitsto the speculator's ex. ta .by..ate.
..ay?" answer, many things. The g ti' 1'-" "itan. The ocean p-i bc the .
i:natie floridians get along. the gold mined in California in the Leaving Eustis, we are compelled by tortion. It is hoped that the c.'" a
atvierye gtiass ges al ong e ltirty-five yearswsince god was found the backwater from Lake Eustis to Legisinture will cut short these-"a' p stions' indee.d" It ca be )
a r y y s gc a-,1:. .ed under te 0 ham m.
'deofhwir "rub st u t wit the there. The corn and cvzton fields of Trout Lake. to go about four miles to holders' expected- profits, by *"t dawn into reeds or
LOVER fisth pin lan aro uoiieth sondobeth aleo




.fhotrnt oiNir thcrub retock" buto w cththe America form kingdoms in themselve#, make the two. by-direct route to Ftsrt ing a heavy tax for road purposes on K' ..-:'tet b, lav-nOmr o *5
.sio n if n rt o ree urpassing in size some of those in Mason. Afterpassing from EusIAtisproper unimproved lands. For good road e i, or e -thig -g.aai
Sforage. Iti conceded furpes. tih Ey bg ds gs e crude ore, for all clay; and shales
JIBS.lvo ,0,H),0 buhes Haai plrediponeity
S4e through Eg-p d m tsublrbs itothe would obpjiect to 20 cents an acreSit wa scarce .< -1 .
900g000cubicfrage.es oo noa tIrER cosat pine lands bordering tee az soon double t ae ia g of paope.ty .t dt et ofa




attb9e Northern grasses do not take MEXICAN C Wright and Bates.hammoCk grov.and decrease cost of transportation by. ye- from Y-to5p n tof a i N
-' et'burE Florida soUl; therefore, new -- vegetable landswe come to tbe ,oarden daring it possible to haul a load, i. i e. The only task now before the
rfdlif g- db exerenc.heing so~ught., alter and in- On lrd's Ngetd e- lands of Dr. W" W. Hicks, nibted.--lor -of a bairrow-full, as is now donP' .trld is to utilize this vast amount of-:
X ..One o .Flo ria s Neglected Re- with. ..p t s m eteral, calu increase ti see -p
I'd.::will mention a fe~thatx 1 oucs their, special adaptatiou.foT 'tege~ables, From *here to the Homo.faL .a-ia.:luiim a rse psj
.BermUda grass will, I believe, in, This plat, so valuable or forage an oae and e, to l flte u irs, f e l hey t
ue.*- er,' furnish grazing in our as-sas a green fertilizer, is regarded by ourte t aY gra ru from' the surel and the haveaood fute Ho-. of"s.--.
,30sa ...... e ro- t s citruss family, but probably well suited smosasla Company iti b ding rell wl pletely superseded as hastbeen
.r tf, As the country gets cleared of Only in Escambia county have we seen .p..nt tatieoh a a ndo e-t a hre b lt-a nia .I 4.- m diot f 1 1 L
... .... e ,-, 7 T. Tt iii o r.a





_i-dgour forest fires will become a thing it utilized as it should be. The follow- rm E Pasnsin et ,oug a rolhub country teamer from euitr'K callt.b__ sI-JcvIV aI l -
fbf -the past; the condition of our land ing account of this most interesting -Eie Lake o Euo, i an.it ale. aju weMr.. Tla e frlo ead.o rs-hav-rie b h i ght ; anlroe Abasor utey Pu e. .
will change; vacant lots, roadsides and plant is from thoe pen of Dr. a.L betc ween oLaks guIien ae*et n t 1cn Abro wo
rapastures will be covered with a growth Phares, professor of biology in thn rac odvrnced sgate of cuhivati.n were the ries s .Qoivhates. Thi e io-s andorrn^- Th.- pw"
'-bf oaks, hickory, bays, etc., which will Agricultural College of Mrississpp acasionallveealittlecao of those rondE stacs of-' I traces o rn, and Ts re an es m oro: t .
make an anral deposit of leaves, which one of the most eminent of Sout.herun w aonaleeat o th o ning frm, s he i s
-~~~~~~~~~~~o "iront alei afa geta es esbist the spcuatr' powder,., -ee aa a, m.vr o
I .. I Jay?"ty Iteul anser manyomnes thngit Th h lmi ,'gn. ca wl.cte
~~~~~~,e remmdro t eats It ian Calfoni ieonomain~utca %., atnomeled thfrtirinIrd3 opdnharte c,): ee.dt a.be-a





foare Foridi an covering of v ta rtu ristsi vegetables and oranges seem to be th3 s bringing at ol cte from the bosom of the ht cf orninderyot ink ear Iut ca he eonnomicso nan eordinaro kind tanm_
I ..wil form _.wi riec covering of vegetable agriculturists: u t 6 ..
mincoheenrt. Bermuda, Pa, Johnso Richrdsonia Scabra-9i ie of n le t eth wihot apparent noise or effor n e .. o um i. br ca y b it is tanno e sol in ,omt sdrta w witn e-the Iu-
.Texas and KeAtucky blue grass will find Mexico and South America. It has At Lihon we cross the Ocklawaha ri'ar The river is frll if sheephead, snapper piosphate powder. Pd on!:: in cat -
af' congenial soil, and our stock will fat- become naturalized in Flonda and e by ferr, and so high are the waters and mellat. tahe t former taking te is mucheaserreuce, an it contains ROYAL. N O
.- tenonit; ire will then have good beef, sthehern prts of other Southern States tiat a seamboat coms here for its gel- bait readI a l afording exclnt a greater Per nt. of aluminum m. n V,






"-".''mikndute.It is called Mexican Clover, Spanish den freight weekly. From Lisbon to sf.,rt. The'Oak Dale folks frequettir ly tinsverog oupy abnat, n h iow o n-d r4i g" a it Str:''-t
and butter. for .igdm bn tainsle,, enuht upytewol a-SVT






objection urged against the s Clover. Florida Clover, Water Parsley, Leesburg the land i si ill rolling with go to the river and bring back oysters by The eymour pr cess has been l
assestm~ is that they will give trouble in Bell Fountain, Poor Joe, Pigeon Weed, many grassy ponds, whilst Lakes-Hartis the sack, and at the same time purchase ented in "all civilized countries. An~es- __
.krore and field; but they will make etc. The analysis of thts plant. iade in and Griffinand Silver Lake bound the suh supplies as the mohre limited capac perimental plant was built "at Find-







aground rich, and by proper cuhtiva- 1874. by Mr. McMurtie, chois it to he land on either side. After le-aving Lees- its of the Oak [tale establihmen'tsfails. lay, using natural gas for fuel, and has Western Ra.lway.
o_',tliey can be kept'in check whilesa equal to clover' as green food:, or hay. burg which is a towp of some pt-etc-n- to supply. prove th process of comlet success, =.-z.
1, Europe thrue Egypt's dt cma'es ccs,--"r








is raised and when it is turned It is as follows being thoroughly air- sns, e obserealonglineofhammock Esrls, OrangeCo., C Fla. both a scenic and commercial WAYCROSS SHORT LN
to the suth across the railroad, and pass ecude.,h e alse- :
.aer theoheavywsod andrgreatw.y drie d:.d not take Oat peraands'thgrunh the sazesE l his establismen its dto hile enlu o p y 'f lu- -.








^ ^1roo s, hn otew form; ^.r.; a*:.: ^-----------~~ m ^angrsypnds.'[e oos r eul THE METAL OF THE FUTURE. lag^ oehude ie iscpct TCADt EFC '^lIfd s'
G-- idioi~i h rud um----------------------------.... ....... ,'o ate n h rn fteizrhc
dt inteeen rcu nd summer, the er., .et cm t r2.' and of his improved imported brother ofTe t HOW Our Clay-beds may become once and as raFJv as working com- n MaEXItC AN rCn cr Wdcne
SU5~ct~ nsme, thesaicb--------------------.. becpe panties cap be organh.ed plants w il be -!
'O'ii~a~grass, planted in hills or rows, Cb' ".ri ....t........ ----------- Berksnire, is consaintly herd as they) erected ei~ewhere. The parent comn--...
it c e arn----- .. ..-.-.-- ----.-..... .. n wander around, seeking na they maykMinesat they may panines of Wealth. .,aorg ed in Den-o, pg -rtt ndanv.Minnn 4i
11 6 ke-beo ingh Asodo------------'t devur 7t among theun with.
_9 banyr maue wil funs a matcuial norganicr matr---------- ili e conr-i1sumnfae
|l-uls .............................. .. ou r y i at t among the possibilities, perhaps with a paid-up capital of .an,50,of, wDr. W,-t'a rs ,,eMr.L -
eardy twnt, o irt dsh for c att .. -g apB arane and t he rolling hills les among the probabilities,that in the near. vith heSecretar of State of Michigan t Tm a rs. .... p.









s-:, -ring" every twenty or thirty days, foIr lt ........................-................... -u.i.' often putit in an appearance. Here the future mires may be opened in the the general manager of the Flit and ., --- S n -
.. s not good unles cut while young and This plant grows luxuriantly on our farmerbegins torealize the valueofmilk clayey strata of northern Florida. We i3reMarqet'e road, and oi,.her substan- rn l- -------....... _.. .'-







-- enor; with a heavy fertilizingis almos Suthen sandy pine lands as weli as red and butter to the family economy, snd have seen deposits of clay in Florida hal men m its directorate. ,, I-?--- ........--.-. S .... 3 ,-
e. p n t a e r is clover does vlon richland and yields as corn and oats are found to do well. which must be extremely rich in alum- 'an.a ........ .... l..... p.... I .
-. any amount can beraised bon arn acre. ch green or dry food. It attains a Sumterville, the county seat of the mum, that wonderful metal awhitch ci- le The ae -.ta l
I was oncenterve y a ec a- of thiiree to six feet and may be 'county is reached and the imposing entists have long been striking to wrest t p
.-- a from fthe No grth, wh o u ai if h n coun ty Bf1is el i- 4 7 ;p.
co rival trym the ort, who garo mowedr and fed green, or dried in the court house dints our attention from from nature. Should these depositsever s -i 1,t Tm p 5 ato Wnd -
ea .rr t bTa j 1 1 ..Lag -),,nT .- .. 2
-ol -d coul iae, titld ta kt. liveO itnsme manner as clover, in order to save aught else. When we were there court be utnilized in this mabnnerl it ,will be due -ut Ia Tamp to a t
S-- feeda 3 s cow ne hioum a l ptho f te leaves. When the land is once set had late adjourned and left the town in a measure to the labors of one of -t -e orie Expr-,,!, .-,
0 a.- Florida. I showdhm a smat patch ihit iprngspfrom seedinearly to restti ext erm. Around Sumter- Florida's citizens, Prof W. Gun- Browf s Iron Bitters ................. .- -










:-<- Guinea grass, set in hills o utr reet apart Crop may be cultivated on the villa and Pantsoflke are some excelleut ning, of Altamonte, Orange county, ar, i^S ...... ......n. s p3 ;-
--_:. i ,o g a t ,, .. o .! ,e~~.a .. .. .... .... -3 .- .";










d.- eachway, from whpch I had cutad ed ad if laid by before July this pine lands, hut. as yet all seems new and who is now engaged at tthe North in the .-ary ... --- -?S ..










5400-. dried wopounds eac, or at the re or plant ringss up and soon covers the most of the groves are young, but experiments referred toin the following .: ".- .*. ...........r-i = -.
S..- 400 pounds dry feed o the acre,.t ey P. Is elished b horses and thrift article from the Toledo Blsde: a. "ir-diin, o, disease and ticir cure, : _.d .P.. ).... .... ..... ,









-.arforest eigtee grond be trfy gt o. -"_ pa.fl
..o. the for 'seven mondith s, abot eighteen p P Si miles brought us to pt. Several months ago the Blahe oon- l we -- --iua s .
i': he. tonsto utb an odnary cw could the earthdeepy wvth its roots, it bears Hogan's, where we and our horse fared rained the announcement that a mret,- dWa.I ol w,.iite-m* .F'i,, ....: ebhOri.t........... t,----i t
w- i hrne though an ords fdi e s drought wel and brngs up from the sumptuously, the former on genuine lurgit of this vicinity ,,, alte.. ers of `'-' .. -' t -
o'. r worrytdraugn ituror w ae o onsthat sm, su ,,t adpreares n i'roots and stems rich milk, crea, ,utterof gload qh a rvstudy and esxpei imnt, succeeded in&-ae r :V \r. 1.'- .1 s. -.antai i. l :oBtasL-.a "a-a a
past..- our Florill be .ered wi th. a growth arlua,1 p fess( ier rich in and bultermilk. Mr. Hogan ,s a.nao "entig P pruc.- "or o, I '1 -hal t 1". 91 per *. .-











b-- amount. He nthougdt se moght;.so-ne mj p^poric acid and remarkab ly of this State, aud his place has a thrifty inum-the metal wlich it tie base ofa.U .. condtt, t i ta-r I al i or n ev e .A j a nrve --. .












:k-a-a bought outa.ouys .-. appearances His barn is fullot3LA.'.lay--in meltali, lcrn. and prolta-r portanci that .'!_ d-,-tr..i.,r-..na-,. r' ,.ta si K ood tt 'cfla
..l ,'.-."-- nse Thade in the heat of sum- foddertand hay, hsstock both-hh --es cheaply that it could at w.-oompet- organ oL d-' hi 'arelll;-l.5s.d...le...a.mown.. Ae










an -t of hseiov.ae[ al l 4tte eintense .ftsiit odxa:J.ooiiln .
----------------- .-& roh ary, .-m -er mer Ilhe soil is protected, evaporation of and cowas, look -,leek, a d t~ s.ne n a: -' i- z te r :l -e.~ h and thoie~attificavt] i'v..trs-at.p.e t,,b.:a niebi, -Ti- ,nd .. ...r .li an .....ack oarae_
% A- -hs- ol n.t-: -- IAFvol tule ir j -- rsi, t h;,:, ri, +e-w hi annot il to ealt and _- -
-make .n "-dpostolave w h o borbed from theatmosphr. wut thee mhat saved Rionuehr titf and tetallurgial circl It was strengthtn!ofdisordtrCs.I--tcl b on1 .l- the r
-/phyeical condition of the soil and us such a cheerful greeting thnt it ias widy coi d in peio l d e t use it i0,6ofpromo u $j- '..j h060.3. o-the V 1 ..
Sform-rih,,'ve i ll vegtbe agubsotdisaltooimpo:ed y itsroots. In aomfot impossihle to hear selt-c-s. tie cany iu e which ru hm.i0 duatl theehut-..Z.'t-t
-.-"-er h"-6c-d'"r itlu -alt these particulars' it ato n i very.. .. thin. H ~~ also. .a- So -ouio ie by suc a dic ira d ef"-icfl
esimilarto thato-redcloe. bestcne yt met whIr ,. lette of inquiry re re- ditorn.. We-mk e
f;I vBud Para, Johnsonore. t- j' i ..... no knwn how far North it will surprising'to us wasc'hat alttoived frc-nm genlmen anmd firms anI- "" .

-. l. --e of "ro .na vetia "o, p-rofitale dropr f ed f t i fe tor_-ieo, barit e- pt.i atr aueofi tc ,h,,,,eexp eri ent" whc-h th Br n ..-- B, "Br "- u i: i h. a o y c V ,a Jt
&_ th-polest or somaavulatstisp ort the : -,,e orallog' purposes.- A heavy open hnd without screen soil smelt yve been made o~n an actuaL cc-miner- remedy it is sife 1-r you to use as a~n -n- ", wnmgtme -" a
.. -.,. ten un it. wis thornu gh yd the crop, of this plant plowed under in the through this country to-the fscles, and toimake th.soudn cn ve atundhni t and y tio idi thon lv A.'-- n
ni ee i ut-a a au -tn nreplace ...~r wi thmoen fall" just before frost or immediately are large numbers of cattle an- nooticeneri' to, th;. w rl .v,,. .thnat _the en?- bile hr-c ,om ,,ae slg ish an t orpidc where b wf, r ,on., .-S. n---
You hv-al summer fo doin it and after being killed should be followed the every pond we coumd see to tW soi--'e rnge m i ue -i_ he bile h -ain iatuel, the -av b -,.
uheninte comes you g t havf ne snt ring by tobacco. corner potatoes, the animals. often rte only -6ove .etirely arivd competely ringntionize,.. c- cl=ce, bn-I ... .. an bwor .. .
m-that- will make your stock laugh. water: the lon ked nwell and s e das ot and steel are nob- a e. T oT ae Fr ir -
-.,: '-Ctab grass cured undercover is much How Fertilized ? After croCvng tie hlyttle miagmook we h er'ed, and aluminum n-ill le the -king of in such catmpcs i tho neth.p La- bee a t-' ---*,_ rpas
.. _.. ase list ha h y wilgvtro beiell' Fo nan o rJo ,Pg o V and toii .and g i wrea Lanm~ ke a-outd there such Supplies as the MorLe. lmth ed statem ent e iu~l'n al civilize c,[,tL, r tl.i.':les. n ex .
0 ,., ...k "e' ...... ........














-.better, a it dries out with a few A correspondent ot the Co -- t here is i trl treats incredible but it iu a aneverth felessed bfnt, br,.ey Ironl i.mar i o the o ..ol tr... .. .t..- i ... .
_- -hcurs' hot sun. it involves less work when lleaving" rells if a itseorgia farmrf wio th OaroFodn pa ic redible: hut litineeThe les faci i .rii'ni r-al la -nt taris bt A Jm -b--**l- -:-'a F ...














- hc~~~~~u scene, too ,,ften t-s i L'i~el hr me to a = sb-i'ctly and entirely ticu'-- The fa' is in -_.tl.e .v m,-,- ni~loble iii its a lion. It can Isre lh .............-- =-..-... 5 .
ri'^"Athe weather is farorab'e. 1 ha'ecur crab raisedotn a piatif ground .vyard; wide ;,npt V. delineaie irith ny feeble pen, the case are herewithi given : a.\ cdpel..p'n ..0_ tS? ^.":; 7*':"".' ip" *.
--thgrass for several years. whenever I could by 45 yirdb long. h aver aihew l.ehel: l wi-hed Icould be to..... depended uapon to do : "a Wes.-.t--ern R' .. S-.:
i-u i on ground suitable for mowing. Ir p ,taes. He-sold als he did r 0 g wei cene is tdive hroogh teat 'tiu e init tttj'e ise t-hat ,o a metal- ,, T.::.._...........-...-i .. .
present yer I ineded to have a keepiineamilyat5ccnter uhel he t of Othe f Eull lrgst name Symour, n, at Fidlay. 'i --'
='.f ='e a re m oo'n. It would t:-e a moot wonderful Ohio, nI~ere- th e xpr,'rt-utal w-:.iks are Just This W ork. Anvlb'fl ...... ...- ... ..
.. g-ood iot, but I neglected to cultivate th Atlanta. H ras, ed in addition a large ranirotiration sene of light and located. It will ho t ,eiL.et L Aat Sh 'R T...- I. m-irt
s-',ground late enough in the summtrr; the aeccnd prop. : S o ftem ot the potatoe- sha-i. Tre laun:l here and toheWith- p.oces." It is a pluc s of otti-nn-g Folkwing it; use, the liver rrsun- its j%,ds L .& t a a-- -S
-~ o rhasu,.t' wasd thea ground became hards." It s weighed 1s- lbf.o t Sot.F l Hein it uestimateserr at t th te lace, i& a gv..... 7AN LLl
^^^^result was, the ground became hard weighed 1 Il-,. 0our. "Heestimates at the lac~ochce18sgood l:,ut ilbfndonc, d places the p~ure nietal iu a furnace, but. at a normal a.,:ti,:,n, >arrving on the accuDJU- Ctnei,-,-au rto. R.R.---SS .^a
.and dry. and the grass did not grow well sam -e raeof pronluction annd at 5 cents and other for saletell the stora d n 'ham- mucisoter poeat than t luat ne a.te:i for Jated t,nilt, r Lire'i n"t-gdoctts the sur- .. nLu L . a m>3- .:-.a
!.,tmltwtI~ ~ ,.a t m,,= _, ..-















--_ecept on the sides cultivated. I cut, per bushel, that the party would have o t haker malare ante-lliithse, iron. Mr- Shamur is ln Anea ican'eso plufijpdritie-, urii thesickl d eliow hue -,urn-aflieA to L--r-.- 7 ..-
---about one ton, wheu bought to are had produced '00 bushels per acre wrrth mock I n ust venture an ,npi if ne, and the hyu,',r of the u reav di- canovev ot ,f p heskinp is r,-piai,:,- bva aiclelr bv.ight "^ ^ ) n-orr ta-to -ma.tm
r--thhree or four. Next year I shall plow as $t00. Then the second crop would have perhaps mus it in s iapeLof a nd e thon. modern ofn s he reesd to ou i o ftn frekh appearance, shd bn'ag hat -aun'nce .o 5 .o h.. _-+
I.L.Fv Th, wood _, llt-
ate as July. slightly level the ground. 'rodured half as many boshels north p put it i shape of ualqiaeetn modntimC5 isa Oiri redd to c-r ann fres appearance owi ng tha t jaundilel yIts-.s tltl thi Roda*rubC -1 Z.
?a d le-ve it as light as possible. much money or l-il-J buashela per nicrida a- mu'h the resultS-idwrnt who has spent his lie in reearches, probably ,oiher I -
-~ in F -A th prev lenc ofie icaut"e ei innniy sum er isa Starcih mealrit and .......sn.. hare.. been. 11) eksiei dltpehe r ,lstileHodurC ay b ds m y be o e a i a b rhciidpEns wilbprma
..1 ..-nnfenal .. F.i ---------------8 1,1.$-.v
















I'-|...-[, have raised cown-pea ls several ties acre, in all worth .$9.0. This is a re- caril attention to cleanlhn,-ss,.nelect wLich lve le up to t.is inventilo as the caus'i >rt' ccnlahint as livr trouLie; i.neJikcio'vitl 6' i.' d -'!
.t' fo catl fee but the worm destroye sereabiv goodt showin anMieany aa -















r -;. cattle feeda.pbutthe wormt destroyed markabl good showg a gives an rordinarv prudencein read toexpo- the e-ult of twentyfire yeais of study, but n e one ne rgsuzer is acDeumulated re cTa wil aarv .. ... ....... E. 3
Stieleaves; ftr summer feeding they are idea of tle possibilities of a Georgia acre su. and ;improper to,. i t3io most'gene- Alh iiiinm is now old at e1 per horrors. Brown's Iran Bittera will cufre tLn50,.1, G.wr.-IF'll, .. ....
"lal "^-:gOod. Many other forage piauts are tiled by the hand of an intelligent ral]cause of suh troul.,ies' and^.wU~not .pound, and thisi is tbe lowest price it has i nu.u, if voua&I asufl;-rer., htwill ob- t^"'^^^-~t, L,\7 ... .............."".';""-; .......... _"+'3a *^
:..- '-Teconimrended which I have not tried, farmer who understands how to '" make .'-. oftiDg with pr o uge: ba th d rily, aeve reached. The process used re- aeat, if yattai:ka Li laken ra a preveu- j rn La Cii--y ........------ .I----
.!J-tire. bet een an not o it. assumin atl flater....
RWa-- Reot frore a l partis o he Sa-cte in- rancrpstgrow ........" proper -aia ..tt ..ng h"t d..ly 11.9r preached Th probbl tes, ustinted nere- viate iSecatta-y ofs Staken as Miiia npreren- = -L.----------------- .
















::Rports from allpartsof etate in crops grow." clean apparel frequentlyy chand, more "'ired six days. The Seymour process Mke a oe of i. Better il e .
th. It _...- 1
s---'ica'te that thefarmters are waking up to attenlionIO hgieuie ules if nessarily wl tun out pure aluminum fin om the get a bottle'of it. d [ tr.lla .. .-- -- '
a.-ah f act that Florida can raise h ter own Cd arnegie s Castle.l'o.h exposed to the weatheror nighbdews and 6Wade clay in six hIours, at a cost of less ,, ,., .. ..i. ......boir
Ia-d.wita.. oThri m eans good stock, better Andrew fCarnegie_ is builr.lin on the a ro careful, regular andI -.stematio th.n a dollar a pound More than this: From Analogy do wl..-ALwhc. ms ....-..b .....' r
-.,i-lansd.th more of the comforts of life summit of the Alleghanies, near C'resson system of diet, reduce tie odinarvtbili- allovscan be made from clay and the ores -"^."I" 'u ,iiri L &N. B R aa ....... -p.r 'a.
i .--. There. a good time coming, and ita s Springs. a house or castle which will orus attacks fall eiglt-tenil an save o t' other metals in the-nae time; for in- .c ,l ...... L ....... -. --- a a' i
-.-nlevmoat.bhere." cost .ltiii.O(O. The entire wails will be large umnt now used for pills and" stance, in six hours, from crudeclay and you may know; fr-n results, we affirm t 'w B ....... a
.. --.---: R. J W. built ip altogether of the undressed stur- qunin o ,per 0, nlinum bionze, which ihat Brwn's Irton Bittc tis beach ede ieat a. oa nw a.. hv .lon. be S, -
,k-- sai ifle-1~i
















.. -NGERI, Nov. '8, 1886. face stone which is to be found on the The Withlacoochee o river is about contains from 5 to 1i per cent. of alumi- and m6,3tefficaciis niediinethat an te- ,, mrtace a-..... ..-.
fe'".d= place, and they are not t show in any one-eight of a mile wideat Townsend's num. aud is tie best mfitrnial in the taLcn in all tdi-ees ,,o the kidn..ys. ,, ctmoW A ,A -. lo o..f* .. of
i The Farmsof America.- place a single mark of the chisel or rerry ilacata, and here we ros w d for cann, journal earnings, and Her, ain, blood e cie ctor-.- -
Gun a r iitsrig u ro tsedine rlto rest till tanex t a, e A rond Sunie r Fl oes wrida's r canner, Bor a erig ,ad H rowan's Ir boon Di'the r he L" e aver Js,9 .......- -.-... ........... a.
.r- : 77 A in h ill fo urt fee da per-t, a d h r ,a a nt e . "_v .

















Mr-Andrew Carnegie. th iron manu- hammer. Mr. Carnegie's orders are into Hernando cor.t.. immediately a variety of other important uses can ry t or diae, and herean tie ....' 7 .
acarer. of Pittshug. Pa., in his book positive on this point, he having ex- after crossing, at about 30 feet above be obtained direct, grnat bl.,d-p.inlvingnompound, Brwn's a, s r. v.Ao K. K ...
,, e a- rt of& vX:. : .. ... ...
















enitled"Triumpat Democracy," says pressed a wish to have as far as possible the river, in a hammock, we saw It may e of interest to recapitulate Iro Bitter..s, b:.,-me the suest remedy. -. V -. 6..
thifms of America : "The fa s even the moss n the rocks used in the orange trees only five ye's old Ibhe properties and uses of aluminum. It Indamaiion oftihekidneysor bladder, i ........----......--...
-, America comprise t7 t,6e square walls uudisturbed.-Ex. that had over a thousand' oranges is le most abundant constituent of the gravel, dialet-, drop-y, and Brieht'n ., wNg ....-. .-:--...... --3i .--
m n h f r, n 1 I L A -. seve Lb nt s ab u i h e nfk:_-- s~ e ....2 T ........... -.0 .

















-. miles,an area nearly equal to one fourth on eac-h tree, and that without using earth's ciust. Every bed of clay, every disease, all are restiltsof weakness of the WS --- .-..-.-... ... ,-_-..-- -
of -Europe. and larger than the tour Toughening Wood. cotibmmercl fei tlilizeu: but they have ledge of slate, is a veritable ore-bed of kidneys. The pains in the back and S --A- .. -.6 '.
t o n s t o t h a c r a n u a l y (e . . . . ''- A e;rL -~ r t R -2 B


















S.. greatest European countries put together It is claimed that by a new process been frequently cltivated. From-here aluminum: for the basis of all clay is sides, which the sufferer endnres; ihe ^-- -
-' (Rusia excepted namely France Oer- hie wood can be made so togh as to nearly to Stage Pond the land is rolling, alunina, which is an oxide ofthe metal. ,lo-u and despondency 'whi, h isfe.iad onm'n B"I M-a. ando ir .v
any- nAustria and Hungaria and Spain. require a cold chisel to split it. This re- and mostly not first class, but -at Stage Aluminum is a vn-bte metal, next in the fretful ir ritation oh' the mind. are all ,, -. ,neu n ,,ea.d..WU
S- The-capital invested in agriculture suit is obtained by steaming the timber Pond we find Capt. Priest anuiMr. Lnu- luster to silver. It is c .nly one-third the vmpt'om- ohi-:h, accomparny disease .of ..D' S--c-a--ge- ..r.t-,nf i a
-_ertgry 0-t ,__-.,, Io s~a d ro J L.-- -Ac 1ov f. as


















would suffice to buy up the whole of and submitting it to end pressure, tech- drum wiih land that, without oertilig wei-lht o, lon, being lighter than glass, the kidneys. n.usmam vrnec Ito otgomey. Wase
< 'Italy, with its rich" olive groves and nically. "upsettiug it," thus compressing in any way. yields 3u bushels of corn to in fact, it i' ab,-:ut a.- heavy, bulk for '*'S^ta~tea.etenatonY"e. .
its -nmf Rct uabttf Iakov~ sadae e'li 'r

















e- _.- 9ineyards, its old historical cities, cathe- the cells and fibers into one compact the acre. and first rate oats, vgeta- bulk, as chalkor pine wo.. Hence a Unless Allayed Ih sOe)ewn. to all p.nts b. aL a a
ds and palaces, its Kings and aristo- mass. It is theopinion of those who have bles, especially tomatoes. ate had all sea- pound of aluminum is mu',h langer in S aad .Ag 1.1 iI"J J:
ac, Pope and Cardinals, and every experimented with the process that wood sons. by planting them iu ,paitlal shade, bulk rhan a pi-und of iron. It b asa al- ndu5 rofe -th1 an- ,-- :-g AIr as
.7- .ot'ber -feudal appurtenance. Or. if the can be compressed seventy-five per cent.. Heie is a scoi- I i.u,- where Mr. C. leableasgold. moieteraciousthan io, an, r ptat-r ,tcd "bythe' -'a'-of Brown's :I-
A^-Ajnerican farmers were to sell out, they and that some timber which is now con- T. Love impresses i.n ,:.-er .et youthlul and harder than steel, being next to the Bitter'. nerrnus pr6str.tirni, mental de- ariat Leslt, ^ne a.mw H. '
cdTildbu\' theentire Peninsula of Spain: sidered unfit for use in such work as '-inds tiheelement.- ofa liberal education, diamond in haidness. Itmeltsat 1,i, pre-si,:,,and sone-rtimes hysteria, result, ,Wa' rJ55knovns'P.,.. ,-
wit--eal I-- eoru- pciinto and, the- an-il-- one c-f angulib. .z L.- HA


















-.'.witall ts.tradition of media.sal grand- carriage buiidiug could be made valuable and as we may usually judge the health t. lea-t ,;iui bLow the melting point oGen h ,:t,:. : ,t, '1 tnh. fo Pam&l Ag- -
ur'and the flat lands which the Hol- bythis means.-/ro -.Age. of a ioialitv by that of the children, we iron. It Co-. not iu't in the open air, When all this can .. -ierted, all te.- rLram-O.serlneo a. o.
j- .. r, _ai n reo-d N ew nOrleanns. n.l l odr -&- a



















..'Jaan'ders a. vast co, t have wrestled from took especial pains to see ard examine, nor tamnhh ly eontmat with gases, asp t nr voun '
o--'teer'aand the quaint old towns they Men sound in soul and limb can be and fiomall wesaw and heard concluded does ilvher. t 'ih enatmeian.in oof itbs ome, and heBah lh rst -ed, tLhiy raown' s.
b.euilt.''- there. If he choose to put bred and reare.d only in the exercise f that a doctor would starve to death properties ound, like a faiiy tle. x Iron Bittr .-,,;,h t within tI ,- rUa': I 1V a 8s Wantead t et s. Tea, Clb or ':
b ,i-* .sa-vings of three years, the Yan- the plow' and spade. in the free air and for want of patients in tid s locality. All WhenC one i- a-k,. ti numerate the f all. should ;'icrmin.delay? t is ltro as prem t ..
..kee:me-could purchase the teesimplae sunshine, with country enjoyments and through Sumter aud Heinand counties uses to wlhic, it ,an b -ut, the mind is ,, le than b-,eli-h Ino lus tie ric every s rw. e ,.. -
SS ^- Switzerland as.a summer re- amu' sements; never amid foul drains, are large and ample ranges for -.cattle bewildein d at the vast psioibilities. It On e ireliief fron 'uc- suffering d- _.d Ufor C. U4l;e ri tos r .

c ota _di-c. to touch his capital at all, for .-io'e blacks auad i he eternal clank, of outside of tie cultivated far"sjmna as lathe ideal eial fir railway use. An pn d ,ti n- ownlfe. your asocats sewers umS FB a tfel wea wil end
e arst in exceed 59,000 000. machinery.- Froude. much land is t for no other us- .e aluium hip will weigh only p ,.. -
ad i-.irningsexce d$condition0of ta hensoil-and ds.such lan isfthoen terfuusgrealuminum teimohip widey c d i it .ll d-eigte tonl a ,nd probably CUr own lit'e


-.. . --t--."- ''- ---' I .,....,- -- .
+,;:-: ..... .... 4- .





4


rThe Floria Farmer an Fruit.Grower
A. H. CUBTISS, Editor.

C. H. JONES & BROTHER, PUBLiSHERS.

Office Cor. Bay and Laura Sts.

THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT
GROWER is an eight page48 column Illustra-
ted weekly newspaper, devoted to the Farm,
Garden, Orchard and Household Economy,
and to the promotion of the agricultural and
Industrial Interests of Florida. It is published
every Wednesday.
Terms of Subscription.
For one year.................................... .... ..... 2.00
For six months 1.00
Clubs of five to one.address............... 7.50
With dally TIMES-UNION, one year...... 11.00
With daily TIMES-UNION, six months 6.CO
With WEEKLY TIMES, one year...... .. 2.76
li-Subsorlptions in all cases cash in ad-
vance, and" no paper continued after the
expiration of the time paid for. The date on
the printed label, w lt-which the papers are
f' addressed is the Xte to which the subscrlp-
... t lion- s paid and.s equivalent to a receipt for
payment to that daterT the date is not
* changed immediately after'a new payment,
the subscriber will please notify us at once.
S CORRESPONDENCE solicited on all sub-
Jects pertaining to the topics dealt with In
this paper. Writers may affix such signatures
to their articles as they may choose, but must
furnish the editor with their full name and
address, not for publication but as a guarantee
,i ofgoodfaith. Rejected communications-can-
not be returned.
ADVERTISEeENTS inserted to a limited
extent,. Rates furnished on application.
REMITTANCES should be made by Check,
* Postal Note, Money Order, or Registered
SLetter, to order of
H. JONES & BRO.,
Jacksonville, Fla.

CONTENT
ft~teter --"--
qI AFTriEa-f A Native Grape, (A. H.C.); Graft-
ing thie Grape Vne, (A.H.C.); Best.Wine
Grapes, '..H C j. Orange Culture Abroad,
Letters from Four Consuls in Europe; Native
Plants, The Mangrove, (A.H.C.)
SECONDPAtGE.-Management of a Grove,(S.Bige-
low); Cotton Seed Meal; Strawberry Shipping,
(P.); How Weeds Destroy Plants; Tree Plant-
ing; Mid-Winter Work, (A.H.C.); The Irish
Potato, ("A Cracker Farmer"); Importation
of Potatoes.
THIED PAob.-Raise Your Own Forage, (R.J.
W.); The Farms of America; Mexican Clover:
Carnegie'e Castle; Toughening Wood; Tour
Through Sumter and Hernando Counties, (H.
W. W. Margary); The Metal of the Future.
FOURTH PAGE.-Editorial Articles: Salutatory;
Let us be Practiqal; Our Contributors; Our
S* Lands; Forest and Arbor Day; Hints to Writ-
ers.
FIFTH PAGi..-Veterinary; Fairnie Hill Stock
and Dairy Farm, (A. H. C.), etc.
SIXTH PAGE.-Poultry in South TFlorida, (A. J.
I-Aldrich); Poultry in East Florida, (E. W.
Amaden) ; Poultry Notes; Bees in Volusia
County, (J. Y. Detwiler); The Silk Industry,
(Ellen Call Long); The Value of Perennials,
(P. W. Reasoner); When a Flower Becomes
a Weed, (A-H. C.); The Apocynum Family
of Plants, (A. H. C.); ID&ce o, thie.Sar.1 H i
Crane. '_ ~"
SEVENTH PAGE.-Serial Story, "Litl 1'u'pen-
ny" (S. Baring Gould); Repliesa Very Im-
portant Question; Only a TrairP; Miss Cleve-
tto; GovernmentPaeds.
_-Poem, "poiing", (S. L. Reed);
;.-e_.Minopy, (C. M. B.); More
16s", (S. L. Reed); From Madison
Farmer"). _.


SALUTATORY.
L1a presenting to the public the initial
er of a new journal, it is proper
editor should define his position
Bubjects: which will naturally be-
;come leading topi-.:' of discussion in its
columns. It. is not expected that an ag-
ricultural journal will have a well-de-
fined policy-uor in the popular sense
of the word-but it has a well-recog-
.:.. nized mission to r:perform, namely: To
afford a med.lium f...r the interchange of
ideas and the d1ffu'iion of knowledge
on subject ieIlating to agriculture,
and to reflect as fully as possible, and
in some degree to direct popular senti-
ment o0 questions which most affect the
rural industries.
-Such. in the main, is the position
which the FxRMER AND FRUIT-GROWER
Swill occupy, as was indicated in our
original prospe-.tu. That prospectus
furnishes our present basis of work, and
we now solicit, as we did then, "the
co-operation of all who are interested in
te development of Florida's natural re-
soirces, believing that much may be
done, by systematic effort, to advance
the various branches of rural industry,
and.tl. make the characteristic advan-
S-tages of different sections more gener-
ally known at home and abroad." We
invite free discussion of subjects com-
i'- g within the scope of this.journal, and
we sall exercise the same freedom in
:our editorial expressions, believing that
-a_':fre.. exercise and interchange of
thought is most conducive to discovery
"and.progress.
n- Jna country where the rural indus-
tries are in an experimental or transi-
tional stage, as they are in Florida, and
ta less extent in the other Southern
States, agricultural journals exert an im-
portant influence by directing public
S .altention to new or little tried varieties
of crops and live stock, and to im-
proved methods of management. The
Carolinas. Georgia. Mississippi, and
some others of the Southern States, have
agricultural journals which would do
credit to the mist populous and wealthy
States in the Union, and they are im-
portant factors in the progress of their
S respective sections.- These journals will
enable us to keep abreast of the progress


of agriculture in neighboring States, and ner, of Jacksonvil:e, designed ind en-
wr shall frequently select from their graved our illustrative heading and exe-
columnns articles specially applicable to cuted the two illustrations beneath by
this State, recognizing the fact that the photographic process now much used
Florida differs but little from portions in many lines of pictorial work.
of adjacent States, and that the latter The picture of the mangrove was
have enjoyed greater advantages for ad- drawn by him from a pressed specimen
vancement by reason of their greater obtained on the Indian River in 1879.
wealth and populousness. Printing and engraving are the arts,
We'have noted with much pleasure a preservative of all arts," and are most
marked change in the public mind rela- serviceable when they go hand in hand.
tive to the agricultural adaptat, -~ our paper progresses it may be ex-
destiny of the South, and an 4 'o improve in the matter of illus-
desire to adopt a new syst -fns, both as regards their number
adapted to the changed con -excellence.
bor and of the markets. In the agri- W O I
cultural journals of the S )>ah we per W OUR ENTERPRISE IS VIEWED.
ceive an increasing distrust of cotton aR FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT
an increasing interest and confidence i -was projected at a time when
forage crops and live stock? The if- )as of a new journal seemed less
creasing value of cotton seed does'not ,eariou.i tfhan at present, yet we can say
compensate for the decreasing value o that we now teel more confident of the
the staple. Lw prices are stimultin success of our undertaking than at the
to agricultural reform, and they ma timeof its inception. Times have changed
prove a blessing in-disguise by tur 'w lic :iantiment has changed
ing public attention to new or safer iii. them. Frrm all parts of the State
dustries. leu have received letters expressing a
The two quite diverse sections ofomon sentiment hih may be for-
-or-sentiment,,--hih
Florida have been in nothing so diverse nulateidse1g. at as follows: "There is
as in their favorite crops." In Northern need of a new departure, of the adoption
and Northwestern Florida cotton has kof a new agricultural policy. There must
long been considered king. In Central
and Southern Florida the orange has home production. less importation. The
had a still greater ascendency. But of true policy is becoming more and more
late the "stern logic of events" has led manifest. New methods need to be dis-
many to inquire, ""Is cotton king?" "Is cussed and put into' general practice.'
the orange- king?" "Could we not have Public sentiment is shaping itself anew
better kings; or would we not be better and seeks expression through the press.
off without any?" The FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER-is an-
We do not believe in king crops. .Un- nounced as a journal which will be un-
der their dominatioA farmers are.never biased by tradition or precedent, by per-
safe; they allure by fair promises, but sonalobligations or sectinal preferences.
mislead and betray in the end. There is, We look to it therefore as the special ex-
to our mind, something abnormal and ponent of the new sentiment, and you
unhealthy in the one-crop system. It have our best wishes for its success "
cramps the mind as well as the purse,- These are not the words of any single
and deprives rural life of that variety letter, but they embody the sentiment of
which is its greatest charm. Far more scores which we have received. It may
enjoyable, as well as safer and more be the public expects too much of us, yet
profitable, is the new and true agricul- as our project has been announced from
ture to which the South is gradually the outstart as a co-operative one, we
progressing. view the general confidence which has
We shall direct our efforts especially been expressed in its success as a measure
toward the promotion of a diversified of the support we may expect from the
and intensive system of farming and people. s
fruit-growing, and we count on having We may say without egotism, for we
many co-laborers in the cause; for we have only to point to our list of contrib-
believe we express the underlying senti- ors as evidence only to poihat th mlist of contria as-
ment of t ople of Florida when we tutors as evidence, that the material as-
mentf t t Florida when we distance we received before a type was
say th s St~oe nd will produce set, far exceeds what we had any reason
- n its borders ahll t-'o needed to expect. And not less encouraging
for- an and beast which may be re- a eeen the hundreds of communica
qired by a population ten times greater tionswe have received expressing interest
than at present, while the manufactures -in'ur undertaking and confidenceine its
of thange orth mouray e obtain e success. We feel deeply grateful for the
change for our fruits asurpus encouragement and assistance thus early
practically ew State. extended, and we hope to merit public
Her agriculture and horticulture are in favor by. our hearty support of whatever
Her agriculture and horticulture may promote Florida's progress towards
an incipient stage. Her climate and soil wealth and greatness.progrestoward
are peculiar, and the adaptations of no wealth and greatness.
section of this heterogenious State are OUR CONTRIBUTORS.
fully understood. Patient study and It is with no litte pr hat e
experiment will, from year to year, re- attention to no little pride hatble corps
veal what is now obscure. Centuries attention to our large and able corps of
may elapse before the State's adapta- contributors or, as we prefer.to consider,
tions are fully understood. The growth them, co-;aborers the work we have
of many countries has consumed thou-undertaken; for, as was stated in our
sands of years, but we have the expe- original prospectus, this journal is de-
rience of alleges to build uponwe have the expe- signed to be a medium throughh which
rience of all ages to build upon and the the progressive minds of the State may
advantages afforded by science for rapid co-operate for the State's advancement.ay
development. co-operate for the State's advancement.
Nature's secrets are hard to f We trust that any man or woman who
Nature's secrets are hard to find out. has discovered how to make two blades
They may be learned hiy accident, but of grass grow where but one would grow
intelligent, well-directed research avails be of rass grow where but one would eront,
most, and we shall advocate experimen- before will become our correspondent,
mostation by Std we shor National direction, without much regard to rhetoric, spell-
tation by State or National direction, lug, or penmanship. The kernel in the
and a more rational use of that portion nut, is what we seek.
of the public fund which is devoted to Our readersis what will find on this page a
the promotion of agriculture, which is column readerswillvoted to correspondents, and
the foundation of national prosper column devoted to correspondents, and
the foundation of national prosperity, by "examining the list of subjects, we
We shall urge, in particular, the p't, bv examining the list of subjects, we
We shall urge, in particular, the ap- think any one will be reminded of some
pointment of a State Inspector of Fer- ink any onewill be reminded of some
tilizers, in order that our farmers interesting experiment or observation he
be protected, in order that omeasur farmers may has made which will be of interest, and
be protected, in a measure, from one perhaps of value to the general reader.
toresent cause of loss and disappointment. Of those who are kindly assisting us
In defining the attitude of this jour- with their pens we may mention the
nal we wish to emphasize this, that it following according to their specialties,
will show no partiality toward any Io- though many of them are equally com-
cality or section, individual or business petent to write, and will write on other
organization. It cannot be drawn into topics :
any scheme for personal aggrandize- General Farming.-Under this head
ment, and it will serve no interest which t h
is not the State's interest. It will show no we may mention such experienced farm-,
artiality towards the cotton belt or the ers as Wm. P. Horne, of Baker Co.;
partiality towards the cotton beltor the Gen. Win. Miller, of Washington; Moses
orange belt. We have friends in Escam- W. Linton, of Jefferson; D. R. Green, of
bia, Nassau, and Monroe counties, and Manatee; Benj. F. Blount, of Polk;
we shall advocate the interests of those Wm. B. Schrader, of Leon, and B. A.
and all intermediate counties with the Morris, of Jefferson; while the sub-tropi-
utrost impartiality. We start out un- cal portion of the State is represented by
trammeled and unprejudiced; and with such well-known citizens as Wm. T. Col-
the people's aid and sympathy, of e of M R. B. potter and J.
whic we already feel assured we liver, of Marco; Dr.R.B.Potter and J.
which we already feel assured, W. Davidson, of Lake Worth, and J.
promise to spare no pains to render the Wm. Ewan, of Miami, (the two last men-
FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER an expo- tioned being members of the State Legis-
nent of public opinion and an instru- lature).
ment in advancing Florida's prosperity. ruck Gardening.-This important in-
dustry will receive the attention of such
OUR ILLUSTRATIONS. well-known authorities as Prof. J. N.
It ma'y be of interest to our readers to Whitner, of the State Agricultural Col-
know that the illustrations on our first lege; Col. C. P. Perry, of Alachua; J: H.
page were executed in this State by an Girardeau, of Jefferson; Wm. T. White,
artist who has recently added the busi- of Hillsborough; and J,iV. Dansby, of
ness of engraving to the increasing list Escambia.
of our home industries. Dr. A. T. Cuz- Flower Gaden and Lawn.-Under


'contains nothing by words. It is sup-
posed to be.the office of words to convey
ideas, but it makes a vast difference
whether the idea conveyed be of value
or interest'to one In a hundred or to nine-
ty-nine in a hundred. The tedious and of-
ten unreiiablewritings of the penny-a-lin-
ers, the vacuous effusions of persons who
have nothing to say and who demand a
column to say it in, the tedious discus-
sions of trifles protracted from week to
week by writers whose egotism is match-
ed by their disregard of the proprieties
of journalism-these elements we have
striven, by a process of selection, to
eliminate from our columns.
The hundred writers now on our list of
contributors, and a large number more
whose services we expect to secure, are
people of ideas, of experience, intel-
ligence and culture, who appreciate the
needs of the reading public, and write
for the purpose of introduction.


Mr. E. W. Amsden, both of Volusia
county. Other writers of experience, in
various parts of the State, will contribute
to both departments.
TRUCK GARDENING.
On this favorite subject we have the
first of two series of articles, one by a
correspondent of the Department of
Agriculture, and the other by a well-
known gardener of Alachua county.
SANITARY.
In the next number will appear the
first of a series of very interesting and
instructive articles on the care of health
and prevention of disease, by an "A. M.,
M. D.," who like many others of our
ablest contributors, prefers not to sign
his full name.
HISTORICAL.
One of Tallahassee's most accomplished
writers favors the readers of the present
number with the first of a series of
sketches of the noted Indian Chiefs who


this head we may group such favorite
writers as P. W. Reasoner, of Manatee;
E..H. Hart, of St. Johns; T. L. Mead, of
Orange; and R. H. Burr, of Polk; while
Mr. Thomas Sumter, of Duval, a profes-
sional English gardener, has promised
valuable assistance in this department
and in the last.
-Vitrus Fruits.-This favorite depart-
ment will be contributed to (in addition
to.our foreign correspondents,) by such
well-known orange growers, (mostly
nurserymen,) as S. Bigelow and H. S.
Kedney,, of Orange; A. J. Beach and J.
H. Moore, of Putnam.; C. A. McBride, of
Duval; C. B. Pelton, of Volusit;. A. L.
Duncan, J. K. Hoyt and R. D. Hoyt, of
Hillsborough; P. W. Rdasoner, of Mana-
tee; and Matt Coleman, of Sumter.
Peaches, Pears, etc.-The miscellane-
ous fruits which are now attracting
much attenitionwill be treated of by Rer'.
J. P. DeP V,s, of Levy: W. P. Horne and
GO Taber, of Baker; A. I. Bidwell, of
OQange; J. H. Girardeiu and B. W. Part--
r.dge, of Jefferson; C. H. Goodrich, of
Duval, and others.
Grapes, will receive special attention
"fr6m such experienced cultivators as
Prof. E. Dubois, of Leon; Baron H. Von
Luitichau'and J. J. Forrest, of Alachua.
Pecans, etc.-Arthur Brown, of Santa,
Rosa; H. G. Burnet, of Monroe, and oth-
ers will give their experience with nut-
bearing trees
Forage Crops.-Experiments with va-
rious grasses will be described by D. R.
Pilsbry and R. J. Wright. of Orange;
J. A. Germond, of Putnam; W. A.
Evans, of Polk, and others.
Domestic Animals.-Valuable articles
under this head will be contributed by
Win. B. Schrader, of Leon; James Caul-
field, of Volusia; A. M. Wilson, of Man-
atee, and others.
Poultry. -E. W. Amsden, of Volusia;
A.: 4 Aldrich, of Orange, and'others.
Bee Culture.-The best apiarists in the
State will write on this subject, such as
S. S. Alderman, of Calhoun; J. Y. Det-
wiler and W. S. Hart, of Volusia; H. G.
Burnet, of Monroe; J. S. Womble, of
Orange; Dr. J. C. Neal, of Alachua; W.
P. Sheppard, of Liberty.
In addition to the above we have able
and interesting articles by Mrs. Ellen
Call Long, "0C. M. B.," and Prof. E.
Warren Clark, of Tallahassee; by S. L.
Loorpis, of Fernandina, on pilmetto
manufacture; by H. W. 0. Margary and
4L.~4 eed, of Orange; Rev. W.'N.
Cha oin. of Brevard; 0. C. Gunn, of,
Wa n; D. G. Watt, of Hillsborough,
and others. Early contributions are
promised by J. M. Murphy and J. D.
Adams, obf- Hillsborough; J. G. Webb
and F. C.. M. Boggess, of Manatee; S.
Sanders Neck, F. D. Pooser and Dr. G.
A. Dwelley, of Marion. Judge J. G.
Knapp, State agent of the Agricultural
departmentt is expected to be a regular
contributor.
It will thus be seen that, as regards
correspondence, we do not start "empty
handed." Such an array of talent as is
presented above gives assurance that the
leading topics of interest will be treated
of in an able manner, and we expect that
the number of our contributors will rap-
idly increase until every important lo-
cality in the State is represented in our
columns.

LET US BE PRACTICAL.

The intellectual bill of fare which we
shall present to our readers from week
to week will be found to be adapted to a
great variety of tastes, varying "from
grave to gay, from lively to severe". The
plain and practical will predominate, but
as we wishboth "grave and gay" to read
our paper, we shall strive to attract the
latter to the more substantial viands by
a certain admixture of condiments, by a
dash of sentiment and humor, with oc-
casional poems, and serial stories, which
will be carefully selected I with regard to
their intrinsic merits and their moral


SERIAL ARTICLES.
While the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER
is designed to furnish information on a
great variety of topics, it will specialize
those which are of leading importance,
and present them at tires when they are
of most immediate interest.. As the
most important subjects cannot be
treated of satisfactorily in a single article
of admissible length, we shall at times
present such subjects in a series of chap-
ters. We desire our readers to bear in
mind that a proper understanding of
these articles will require a careful read-
ing of the first and each subsequent
chapter. -
The articles of this character which
wre now projected, most of which com-
mence in the present number, are as fol-
lows:
ORANGE CULTURE ABROAD.
This series of articles was undertaken
vith the idea of acquainting the orange-
growers of Florida more fully'with the
methods and opinions which prevail in
countries where the industry is based on
centuries of experience. The informa-
tion embodied in this series has been de-
rived mainly from the reports of United
States Consuls residing in countries
where the orange and lemon have long
been regarded as staple products. The
same methods being applicable to some
extent in this country, it is advisable to
give all foreign methods a trial here, but
before doing'so it is necessary to know
what these methods are. The first two
chapters consist of letters written
specially for the FARMER AND FRUIT
GROWER. We hope that the paper by
the Consul at Messina, which will consti-
tute chapter II., will be read by every
orange grower in Florida.
)FRUITS.
Under this head we shall give the ex-
perience of nurserymen and others with
some of the fruits which promise to suc-
ceed best in this State, eacharticle being
accompanied by an illustration. This
will be continued during the season for
planting nursery stock, and then discon-
tinued until the next tree-planting
season. During the interval it is our in-
tention to give a similar illustrated series
of articles on the grasses and other for-
age plants which deserve most attention.
NATIVE PLANTS.
Most persons take some interest-in the
more conspicuous forms of vegetation by
which they are surrounded and feel a
desire to know more concerning their
properties, relationship, range, etc.
Those who have recently come to Florida
have a natural desire to BcTicir' ac-
quainted with the strange trees, shrubs
and herbs which they meet with on,
every hand, and those who 'sojourn here
in winter are interested in nothing more
than the beautiful evergreens of our
hammocks and the flowers which begin
to appear in the latter part of winter.
We intend to describe and illustrate
some interesting native plant each week,
as a rule selecting those that are of
economic value, and those that may be
found ii most parts of the State.
IMPROVED CATTLE.
We intend to devote considerable space
to the choice breeds of cattle which are
being introduced into the Southern
States, believing that no one subject
claims more attention from our progress-
ive agriculturists. At first we shall
make the Jersey breed a specialty,, treat-
ing in consecutive numbers of the Jer-
seys in Florida, in Georgia, in Jersey, in
other countries, and then again in
Florida. Mr. James Caulfield, of the
Irondequoit Dairy, at DeLand, has
kindly promised to furnish a series of
articles describing his methods in detail,
and his articles cannot fail to be interest-
ing and practically valuable. We. hope
that all who have had much experience
with choice cattle, sheep, hogs, etc., will
give us the results of their experience in
shape for publication.
BEES AND POULTRY.
Of these minor industries, the former
will receive especial attention from Mr.


WORDS QOF CHEER.. .-
Our talented correspondent at San ford
has set us afloat on the "sea of journal-
ism" with such easy grace as quite to *i
dispel whatever fears we may have had
of the uncertain element. He has loosed
cable and hoisted anchor for us and bid
uJ3 God-speed and now our sails begin to
swell with the breeze which all news-
piper crafts seek to catch. .
Words of cheer have come to us from
,all parts of the State. We would liketo
quote from a score of letters, but do not
feel quite at liberty to do so except in
one instance We will quote some pas-
sages from a very cordial letter written
.to the editor of the FARiiE, r FRUtIT
GROWER by Prof. J. N. Whitner. of lhe7-
Florida Agricultural College : "It should : -
be," says he, "a matter for general'con-
gratulation that the great cause of agri-
cultural and cognate industries is to be
championed' by a journal of the high
standard of excellence to which I believe
the one you are shortly to issue will-soon
attain. I shall take pleasure
in contributing my mite to the good
cause as opportunities occur.' I beg to
offer my hearty gooi will to the forth-
coming FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT
GROWER, wishing it a wide-extended
and useful career."
We are glad to feel that mutual good-
will and desire 'or co-operation exist:
from the outset between the Agricultural
College and the FARMER AND FRUTT
GROW.ER. We trust that public interest
in this college will increase, and that by
this and other means its field of useful-
ness will be largely increased.

A DIVERSIFIED STATE.
How many are -there in the region of
the St. Johns who know-of a farmer in
Florida who runs a hundred plows?
Truly, one hand of the State knoweth
not what the other hand doeth. A lady
in Marianna told us a little story which
we agri-ed was too amusing to keep "all
to one's self."
She wrote an account of farming in
Jacksdri Co7, i-ei-ifi'inig inrcittentalHy,-- -
but not as an exceptional or remarkable
case that a relative of hiers 'hid just.--. .
housed ibousand bushels of corn.
She sen' e article to a certain agricul-
tural journal, and the editor was .so
amazed at, these figures that he felt
obliged to correct them so as to read six'
hundred, and so it was printed.
4
APOLOGETIC.
THE FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER is de-
signed to be a family paper in the fullest -'
sense. To this end there should be some-
thing in every number to suit every
member of the family circle. Some de-
partments will be of interest to men only.
To compensate for this, there must be
departments devoted to subjects in which
men take no special interest,
We confess that our present number
does not come up to our ideal in this and
some other respects. Obstacles of a me-
chanical nature, wnich are not likely to
recur, have greatly embarrassed us in
making up this initial number. After
seeing it in print we can decide better as
to the best arrangement and proportion- *
ment of parts. We invite criticism and
shall not rest content while we see any
room for improvement.

A FLORIDA INVENTION.
Mr. Charles H. Thompson, civil engi.
neer, of Bartow, Fla., has obtained a
patent for an elevated tramway. It is
designed for hauling logs out of swamps,
especially for use in cypress swamps, and
if it proves effectual in actual use it may
add materially to the wealth of the State
by utilizing a great amount of cypress
timber which is now practically inac-
cessible.
We have been watching this invention
with much interest, and now that there
is no further need of secrecy, we intend
to aid in giving it publicity by publish-
ing, at an early day, a full description of
its mechanism with an accompanying
illustration.
**
Curious Feats in Grafting.
Strasburger has been experimenting
upon intergrafting and has reached
some remarkable results. Among her-
baceous Solanacem, datura, tobacco,
henbane, etc., were grafted successfully
upon the common potato. In the case
of the datura graft the potatoes were
impregnated with atropine. It is said
that Tschudy long ago grafted a tomato
upon a potato stock, and "gathered po-
tatoes from the bottom and tomatoes
from the top of the same plant."-Ex.


figured prominently in the wars which
so retarded the development of this State.
"Their names are on our waters,"' and on
our towns, and it is well for us to know
all that can be learned of those whose
names have become so familiar to our
ears.
RECLAIMING LANDS.
This subject 'is of the very first ini--'
portance, and it will be ably handled by
Mr. J. V. Dansby, of Pensacola, and Mr.
D. R. Green, of Sarasota. .


tone. J. Y. Detwiler, while the latter will be
We sometimes take up a paper which made the subject of several articles by


FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, JANUARY 5, 1887.


'^
'pi








FLORIDA FARMER AND R IT GROWER. JANUARY 5, 1887.


Inquiries concerning 'diseases .of do-
mestio animals may be addressed to Dr.
SD.O. Lyoni, Jacksonville, Fla., who will
. answer them through this column.

Prevention of Disease.
The organs of the domestic animals
are essentially like those of man in their
structure, functions and functional de-
rangements. Hence, in dealing with
the dumb beasts which require our care,
we should do unto them as -we should
do unto ourselves. By so doing we may
save them much suffering and ourselves
much trouble and loss. The National
Live Stock Journal carries out this idea
as follows : Many things.affect the di-
gestion of animals, as welL as of men.
A sudden change of food will derange
it." So will excessive eating, giving the
stomach more. than it can dispose-of.
Excessive drinking of water will do the
saniething-as when water is a long
way off and-hard to get, and the animal
gets very dry before reaching it, as it
will, under such circumstances. G(t-
ting overheated..or worried, or being
S suddenly chilled and getting cold. thus
'-, i'row ng upon the bowels the duties
i thoughtt to be performed by the skin,
i wif1'dikturbe.and derange the digestive
r.gniis.e The- proper. temperature of the
reaar-il' a *fraction over 98 degrees
i-". Fahrenheit.' Anything that sends the
sy;temn.ju uch above this will cause
costiveness, feverishness and thirst; or
much below will cause chills, torpid ac-
tion of the bowels and looseness. The
reaction in both cases may be the oppo-
site of the original disturbing condition
-a sort of vibration, between the two
extremes, as the pendulum, thrown out
of balance in one: direction, passes the
line of equilibrium in -the other, swing-
ing to and fro until a permanent condi-
tion of equilibrium is established. Hence,
animals should be cared for much as
we care for ourselves. They should have
proper food and proper drink; and the
food should contain the different ele-
ments in the right proportions, as- well
as be abundant and in constant supply,
so as to avoid fasting at one time and
gorging at another; and the water
Mzui.l' be .abundant, clean, and easily
accessible. Salt should be constantly
kept where animals get a lick of it when
they desire, as then they will never get
too much. They should be provided
with shelter from the hot sun and the
cold storm, so that they can obey their
own instincts and feelings by seeking
the shelter when they need it. They
should not be worried or frightened by
dogs or anything else. In short, they
should always be kept in a quiet, nor-
mal condition, and be cared for by the
owner in a common-sense way, as he
cares for his own animal needs.
v-
Milk Fever.

Dr. D. L. Phares, in the Southern Live
Stock Journal, writes as follows in regard
to this sickness, so fatal to milch cows:
There ar two fflma-of.-this-Eaaady,-
viz. I1The quiet, with accelerated pulse
and respiration, fever, loss of muscular
power in hind limbs, generally of blad-
:. der and bowels also, refusal of food and
little heat of head and horns, no delirium
or-violence, but dullness.' 2. Prominent
symptoms of first form, with hot head
and horns, red eyes, -full, strong pulse,
loss of control of limbs, convulsive-move-
ments; when down cannot rise, the con-
vulsive struggles sometimes breaking the
horns against the hard. ground or floor,
pupils dilated, eye insensible to light or
touch, general paralysis of sensation.
Both forms are generally fatil.
In the first, bleeding from the jugular
vein twto five quarts, or till the pulse
softens may be practiced in the early
stage and before getting down, but not
repeated. Soon as the disease is recogni-
zed give a purgative e-drench two pounds
epsom salts, half ounce carbonate of am-
monia and one drachm nux vomica. The
earlier given, the more certain to act and
to relieve. Every minute is important as
the paralysis rapidly extends upward
and forward.. Repeat ammonia and nux
vomica every four or six hours. Stimulate
the back, loins and hips with turpentine
or kerosene frictions, and if the head
and horns are hot apply ice or freezing
mixtures to them. Cover the part tur-
pentined with the flannel and run over it
a hot smoothing iron, not hot enough to
Fire the turpentine or to blister; repeat
as may be needed. With fountain syr-
inge cause from one to three gallons hot
water to flow in gentle stream into the
full depth of vagina. Mix a' drachm of
carbolic acid with each gallon of water.
Of course, the water will flow out as fast.
as injected, but it reduces the engorge-
ment if hot and not merely warm. Re-
peat every four or six hours. The flow
of water should continue five minutes
each time. The bladder often being
paralyzed, it may be necessary to draw
off urine every six hours with cather.
Milk every four or six hours. Give in
early stage, every three hours till fever
subsides and pulse becomes normal, 80
drops tincture aconite, 60 drops tincture
gelsemium, 6 drops each carbolic acid
and tincture iodine in a drench with
water, 1 or 2 pints. Allow plenty of
open air, but protect against currents,
cold and hot sun. When fever subsides
feed moderately on mashes, good green
grass and steamed hay.
We understand that Mr. Campbell
Brown has found a drench of two parts
of coal oil and one of melted lard effica-
cious.
Green Rye for Milk.
A writer in the Albany Cultivator says
that he has fed for three seasons his en-
tire herd in milk on green rye and the
improvement in quality of milk, cream
and butter is marked. Green rye makes
butter gilt-edged. He uses no coloring
for butter.
Green Fodder for Cows.
A cow of average size will consume 80
pounds of green fodder every day, with


8 pounds of dry meal or mixed feed.. The
resulting milk and butter may be esti-
mated at about 20 pounds of milk; add 1
pound of butter per day for an ordinary
cow andione-half more from a good cow.
It pays best to soil good cows only.-Ex.

JERSEY CATTLE.

The Fairnie Hill Stock and
S Dairy Farm.
r n the eastern suburb of Pensacola 'is
* situated one of the model institutions of
SFlorida, a stock and dairy farm: con-
ducted on modern principles and with
1 the most improved appliances, being- in
general much like the fancy, dairies
found near the large cities of the North.,
In Pennsylvania or Ohio such an estab-
lishment might seem by no means re-
markable, but in Florida the advanced
methods which have been so extensively
adopted in the Northern and Western
States are but little practiced or under-
. stood..
When, therefore, we discovered a
dairy modeled after- the best at the
North,, well established in this State, we
wished that all our fellow Floridians
might have an opportunity of studying
its management. This being impracti-
cable, our next desire was to give them
the benefit of -our own observations.
With this object in view- we now
proceed to give a somewhat detailed ac-
count of the-Fairnie Hill place, first
briefly describing the estate of which it
is a part.
Some years ago Mr. Alexander Stod-
dart, a .citizen of New York city, pur-
chased a tract of about two hundred
acres adjoining Pensacola, and bordered
for nearly two miles by the beautiful
salt-water 'estuary of Pensacola Bay
called Bayou Texar. The tract consists
almost entirely of dry pine land which
rises gradually sixty-five feet above the
bayou. Since its purchase by Mr. Stod-
dart it has been much improved, espec-
ially by the laying out of miles of broad
and beautiful avenues, which are much
used for pleasure riding by the neo le


the ground and has a capacious hay lot.t.
At the corners are several rooms devot d
to special purposes, one being used fr
the storage of ground feed, which jis
kept in large zinc-lined bins-. Conner-
ing'with this is a lean-to contaiinng a
apparatus for steaming the feed in co0d
weather. There are forty stalls, ea
five and one-half feet wide, which ea
used for the choicer cattle, and over
them are the names of the occupants,
with the numbers of registered animals.
. Each stall is provided with a manger
and a cast-iron feed box. Its floor is
tight and inclines toward the centre of
the building, in order to save the liquid
manure, whicn is conveyed by conduct.
ors running past the stalls and beneath
the floor to a vat in the compost shed.


RESIDENCE AND PORTION OF ORNAMENTAL GROUNDS AT "FAIRNIE HILL," PENSACOLA.


used igr yicwure pain ny tne pople
of Pensacola; probably a finer drive is The floors 'are washed once a week and
not to be found in the jtate. the water used is carried off in the same
For the grading of these avenues a manner. No: bedding is used in sum-
heavy two-horse road machine was used, mer, but in winter the stalls are littered
and in order to render them hard and with pine straw, which is cleaned oul
smooth, clay was spread over the surface every morning and thrown on the com-
and rolled in with a heavy roller. Be- post heap. The floors are sprinkled with
tween the centre and margins, on either lime every other day, and the whole in-
side, a shallow furrow was turned with terior is whitewashed twice a year.
a plow, and in this Bermuda -grass'was MANAGEMENT OF JERSEYS.
planted., This has spread rapidly, beau- We are thus particular in regard to de-
tified the avenues and prevented the tails because it is generally believed that
clay from washing. The lands thus im- cattle of fine breeds cannot be brought
proved and laid out for dwelling sites, to Florida without great risk of their
are to be placed on sale, with the excen- dying. The efforts that have been made
tion of two tracts, namely, the Fairnie of late years to improve our stock by
Hill place and another on the bayou, the introduction of improved breeds, has
where Mr. Stoddart has established a reultedin much loss to individuals and
private resort for boating and fishing, to theprejudice of one of the State's
with wharf and boat house, cottage and most importantinterests. Yet this herd
out-buildings, and groves of fruit and of Jerseys, which was brought from In-
ornamental trees. We come now to diana some years ago, has been ach-
that portion of the estate which Mr. diana
t.mated without loss, and the manager is
Stoddart reserved for his private use, confident that with intelligent care th'se
where he spends a portion of the winter fine-bred cattle will succeed il -F,1
months. as well as any others of Northern bi h;
FAIRNIE HILL but they need. more care than com on
ais a park-likeenclosure of thirteen acres cows, being naturally delicate. .r.
laid off' after the manner of a country Wolf thinks that a cross between t'he
seat, with a fine dwelling and all desir- Jerseys and the native stock is to be pr'e-
able appurtenances. The entire tract is ferred, such cross or grade being far su-
enclosed by an embankment covered perior to the native stock and hardier
with the Macartney rose. This hedge than the pure Jerseys. Mr. Wolf finds
has grown very uniformly, enclosing the Jersey cow to be a sure breeder,
the place with a continuous wall of ver- dropping her first calf when eighteen
dure which in spring and summer is months or two years old, but the few
spangled'with white flowers. In front days following calving is a critical. pe-
-of the dwelling two acres arelaid-off as riod for both cow and calf. The fever-
ornamented grounds, with fountains, ish condition which is apt to ensue may
beds of flowers and shrubbery, and be averted by reducing the feed of the
smooth walks winding between them. cow one-half after calving. Formerly
The beds are all bordered by a neatly there was a considerable loss of young
trimmed boxing of Pyracantha. A por- calves, but-Mr. Wolf thinks this was
tion of these grounds is shown in the caused mainly by their having too much
accompanying wood cut. milk, that of the Jerseys being extremely
Back of these grounds at the time of rich. By reducing the allowance to two
our .visit, there was as fine an acre of quarts a day until they are two weeks
tobacco as we ever saw in Virginia. old, they have succeeded much better.
Near the house, embowered in trees and It is found best to stop milking the cow
shrubbery, are neat cottages for kitchen, four weeks before calving time, though
laundry and superintendent's house, and she may be milked a week later.
in the rear of all are the great barns and For the protection of the calves in
stables. It was in the latter that our winter a special stable is provided. This
interest centred, when we called on Mr. measures fifty feet in length, by ten in
W. W. Wolf, the present manager of width, and is divided into a dozen four
the place, to whose courtesy we are in- foot stalls. In these the calves are tied
debated for most of the facts here pre- at night and by much handling they be-
sented. come very gentle. They are weaned
Two-thirds of the Fairnie Hill place when four weeks old, and are then fed
are set aside for forage purposes A with a mixture of .bran, chops and corn
six-acre field is kept permanently in Ber- meal, with a little salt and powdered
muda grass for the benefit of the choicer sulphur. When four weeks old the
cows and calves. It requires no care bull calves that are not of pure blood are
and furnishes pasturage throughout the sold to the butcher. When three
year. Adjoining this is a lot devoted months old the grade heifer calves have
to the raising of various fodder crops, bells tied on them and they are turned
such as corn, turnips, cow-peas, sweet out on the commons with the grade
potatoes, crab grass, orchard grass, and cows. The full-blooded calves, such as
Mexican clover. Some of these come will become eligible for registration are
up spontaneously, and all, including the turned into the pasture with the regis-
potato vines, furnish good feed. These tered cows.
crops, for the most part, have been fed The cattle are fed at 6 a. m. and 2 p.
in a green state, yet much has been m. with a mess composed of bran, chops
cured for winter use of corn fodder, pea and cotton seed meal, sprinkled with
vines, Mexican clover, and crab-grass. salt and sulphur and wet with water,
Leaving the system of feeding for con- the bulls receiving but one-third as
sideration later, let us now proceed to much as the cows. In winter the feed is
an inspection of cooked by steam.
THE BARNS AND STABLES The bulls are somewhat troublesome,
and their various appurtenances. These, as each one has to be kept by himself
like all thae other buildings, ar and in the shade. Theyare kept chained
substant ally built and in wished, in their stalls, except when turned into
and painted, strong enclosures for exercise and water.
First of all we ought to mention the In Mr. Stoddart's herd there are now two
First of all we ought to mention the registered bulls, namely, Duke of Or-
great wind-mill, it being a prime essen- rege (is8tered71 bulls, and Indianamely, Duke of Or-(5,94),
tial to all the operations of the place. and there is one that was bred on this
The wheel is fifteen feet in diameter and farm and is eligible for registration; he
is supported at a height of forty-five is between two and three years old and;
feet by a very substantial frame work is named Escambia Bill (Dam, Rose S.,
and supplied with the most improved 18411; sire, Indiana Chief, 5,94); Rose .,
mechanism for regulating its move- 18,411; sire, Indiana Chief, 5,294); he is
ments. On either side of the wheel held for sale and is a valuable animal,
tower are_water tanks supported on especially as he was born and reared in
platforms about twenty-five feet from this State.
the ground. From these tanks, which DAIRY DEPARTMENT.
have a capacity of about 14,000 gallons, The buildings specially devoted to
the water is conveyed by pipes to all the milk and butter consist of a dairy house
buildings, to the fountains and to drink- 15x22 feet in size, and an ice-house
ing troughs in the barn-yard and pas- 16 feet square. The latter has double
ture. walls filled in with charcoal, double
The stable-building for cattle opens doors, ventilators, and is cemented in-
by double sliding doors, at one end on side. Two-thirds of the inside space is
the pasture, and at the other on the filled with a handsome refrigerator, with
barn-yard. It measures 104x37 feet on six doors, and a capacity for one ton of


half-pound rolls, and sold in wooden
bowls for a good price.
We observed on a shelf in the dairy a
row of bright tin vessels perforated be-'
low the middle with large holes. These
are used for making cream cheeses.
They are made the second day- after the
milking in summer, and the third day
in winter. The utmost care is used in
handling the milk to keep it perfectly
clean. In the first place a milk pail of
peculiar construction is used, a patent
pail made by Hatch & Co., of New York.
It is made of heavy tin, and having a flat
projecting cover, it serves the purpose of
a stool. The milk is received from the
cow in an obliquely shaped funnel,
which is connected with the spout of the
pail by a 'stout rubber tube in which
there is a wire strainer. By this ar-
rangement the pail cannot be kicked
over, and should the funnel be kicked
off no dirt would get into the pail. But
the Jersey cows are very gentle, so much
_so that they learn to enter their -talls
when called and to stand to betTid
without expecting feed, which is neve-
given them during milking time. The-
hours for milking are 4 a. min., and
from 2 to 4 p. m. In pouring the milk
into the delivery cans it passes through
four wire strainers, which, in addition
to the one in the milk pail and the other
precautions, renders it perfectly clean.
After the milking is finished the cows
are rubbed down with curry combs, fed
with the prepared mess, and then turned
out to graze till it is time for the after-
noon milking. A feature of special in-
terest is the
COMPOST SHED.
This is a building 100 feet long and
25 feet wide, open on the side
next the barn yard. In the middle
is a vat for the reception of all the
liquids from the cow and horse
stables. The earth under the shed was
excavated so as to form a shallow trench
which was thickly bedded with clay. the
latter rising in a rim all around so as to
prevent any liquid from escaping. Into
this receptacle is put all the manure and
litter from the stables,.muck and other
materials, and the heaps are kept
drenched with the liquid from the vat
which is pumped up into conductors
which convey it to any part of the shed.
The compost, without being forked over,
is found to be in prime condition after
lying for three weeks, when it is carted
to the field, spread and immediately
plowed under.
A large building standing in the barn-
yard is used for the stabling of horses
and mules and for the storage of their
feed and of the wagons, carriages, etc.
A corner room contains zink-lined bins
for corn and oats and closets for harness,
which are also lined with zink to prevent
damage from rats and mice. The horses
are fed with corn and oats three times a
day, and with corn fodder, Mexican
clover, and other forage crops easily
raised in this climate.
There is one more building that should
be visited before taking leave of Fairnie
Hill, in order the better to appreciate the
care and foresight which is everywhere
man ifest in its management. This build-
ing contains on the lower floor a store-
room in which are kept, in boxes and
barrels and on shelves and pegs, a great
variety of things needed for current use
and to replace articles or parts of imple-
ments specially liable to wear or breakage,
a wise foresight which must prevent
much delay and loss of time. On the
upper floor is the repair shop, provided
with all needful implements for working
in wood, metal and leather. A set of
plumber's tools saves many bills in that
direction, and if any other small repair
or alteration be needed, here are the
appliances for doing the work.
On such a place as this, where twelve
men are steadily employed, there is need
of skillful supervision, and it is very
evident that Mr. Wolf, the present man-
ager, is well qualified for the position he
occupies. A. H. C.
Just to Give Color to It.
Dog Fancier-Well, Mum, have you
come to buy another pup?
Miss Plantagenet-No, sir not exactly.


ice.' liiiide the dairy house we find a
Triumph steam generator, with pipes
leading to two large zinc-lined troughs,
where the tin vessels used for milk are
thoroughly cleaned by steam. Beside
one of these 'inks is an inclined shelf set
with wooden pegs, used for draining the
glass jars in which most' of the milk is
sent to town. The milk that is not sold
is allowed to stand in deep tin vessej
for twelve hours in the summer and
twenty-four hours in the winter, and
then churned in a square churn with
revolving dasher, the temperature
of the milk being -kept as nearly.
as possible at' 60o, the hour for
churning being :six ,in the evening. In
working the butter half an ounce of salt
is allowed to the pound. It is put up in


us with the results of theirexperience
matters of practical interest. The lad
are cordially invited to contribute no
in regard to household manageme
poultry, thegarden, etc. Questions o
pertinent character will be answer
through our columns.
With the co-operation of the intelligl
people of the State we hope to make t
FLORIDA FARMER AND 1"RUIT GROW
a welcome visitor in thousands of far
lies and a means ofThaterially advanci
Florida's most important interests.
. All communication for the editor
department should be addressed to
EDITOR FARMER AND FRUIT GROW


Mamma wished to know if you would
exchange this dog for a black-and-white
one. He is just as good as new, and we
are going into half mourning next week.
-Rambler.

Hints to Writers for the Florida
Farmer and Fruit Grower.
The readers of the FLORIDA FARMER
AND FRUIT-GROWER are respectfully in-
Vited to contribute to its columns articles
and notes on all subjects pertaining to
the farm, garden, orchard aud house-
h6ld affairs: The range of topics which
will be discussed in this journal may be
gathered frorf the subjoined table, which
may serve to suggest what might oth-
erwise escape attention :
M FARM MANAOEMENr.
Clearing land, draining land, crops' for
new land, succession of crops, intensive
farming, treatment of different soils,
resting land soiling vs. pasturing, cow-
penning, green manuring.
DOMESTIC ANIMALS.
Horses. mules, cattle, hogs. sheep,
poultry.-Breeds, feed, diseases, treat-
ment.
SPECIAL FERTILIZERS.
L'otton seed. cotton seed meal. barn-
-.rd manure. guano, ground bone, su-
per-phosphate. gypsum, lime, kainit,
ashes, marl, muck, leaf mould, com-
p o st s .
FORAGE CROPS.
Bermuda grass, crab grass. Para grass,
Guinea grass, terrell grass, orchari
grass. red-top grass, Johnson grass. Texas
blue grass, pearl millet. German mil-
let, millo maize. kaffir corn, teosinte,
sorghum, fodder corn, cow peas. des-
mnodiumu, Mexican clover, lespedr-za, al-
falfa, melilotus..
STAPLE CROPS.
Corn. oats, rye, wheat.-Varieties,
yield per acre, soil and season, difficul-
ties encountered, general treatment.
Cotton-Long and Short Staple-Plant-
ing and culture, marketing .crop, man-
agement of seed, products from. the
seed.
Sugar Cane and Sorghum.-Varieties,
culture, making syrup and sugar, condi-
tion of market. *
Tobacco-Varieties, history in Flor-
ida, recent experiences, seed, culture,
manufacture.
FRUITS.
Citrus Fruits-Comparison of varie-
ties, hardiness and productiveness, meth-
ods of propagation, methods of planting
and culture, comparative effects of fer-
tilizing, marketing of fruit, preserva-
tion of fruit, wine and other products.
Peach, pear, fig, persimmon, aJapan
plum, Kelsey plum, native plum, mul-
berry, quince, apricot, 'guava, . ana, pineapple sapodillk, mango; avo-
cado pear, cocoanut., p nfl' lish
walnut, almond,--pomegranate, oti V1
grape, strawberry, blackberjy," rasp-
berry.--Varieties, their ctiiaracte-ristics,
effects of soil, weather, etc., best
methods of culture.
FLOWER GARD.EN.
Plants adapted -o this climateout-*
door culture, management of green- t
house. --. _
NATIVE TREES AND HERBS. ".
Planting trees for ornament or utility.
the burning over of forest lands, the
lumber and turpentine industries, the
tanning industry, phenomena of plant
life, weeds and noxious plants. ]
N. B.-tSpecimens may be sent to the I
editor for identification. Information is
desired respecting popular names and
uses.
INSECT ENEMIES AND FUNGOID DISEASES.
Nature of damage done and remedies. i
MISCELLANEOUS SUBJECTS.
Bees and bee plants, silk culture and the i
mulberry, hunting and fishing, dogs and
dog laws, -fences and roads, legislation-
for farmers, homestead laws, transpor-
tation, marketing produce, experimental
farms, agricultural education, home
manufactures, natural history of Flor-
ida, historic points, sanitary advice, f
farm buildings, house furnishing, farm
machinery, farm implements, water
supply, cooling appliances, recipes for i
cooking, home decorations, household
economy, minerals and earths, clima- t
tology, hints on the care of children, on
dress, habits, reading, amusements, etc. I
In treating of the above and related
subjects, practical experience is much to p
be preferred to theoretical knowledge; c
yet there are topics needing discussion
which have to be treated of from a some- r
what theoretical standpoint.
In describing any method or experi-
ment it is desirable that all external in-
fluences,be explained ; for example, in N
the case of a crop, the character of the
season, of the soil, of the subsoil, and the
method of planting and cultivating, all
have an important bearing on the result.
Bare statements of results are of little
value, though they may be worthy of
mention.
We do not desire letters written merely c
in praise of special localities unless their I
claims to favor are based on the products I
or productiveness of the soil. Articles c
of an animated or vivacious style are de- I
sirable by way of variety, but practical c
statements and descriptions should be c
concise and as much to the point as pos-
sible.
Controversy and tedious discussion are
to be avoided, but errors should not .be g
allowed to go uncorrected nor unsound
opinions to pass unchallenged.
Many persons may have interesting and s
valuable facts in their possession who r
will hesitate to commit them to paper, c
because of a lack of facility in writing, s
To such persons we would say, give us
the facts as you would in talking, and
we, if requested, will condense or rear-
range your matter for publication, a
All manuscripts should be written on s
one side of the paper and should be
accompanied by the writer's full address, c
As to signature, the writer's name is f
preferable, but his intitials or a nom de a
plume may be substituted, t
We trust that our readers will favor I


The more advanced feeders are begi
ning to understand the value,of m
nures in keeping up the fertility
their farms, and the importance of a
ing all sorts of refuse that have any m
nurial value. The value of the dro
pings of their animals, they find, isabi
doubled by saving the liquid porti
formerly allowed to go to waste, poll
ing the soil underneath the stable do
and by fermentation exhaling gases t
polluted the air of the stable. They
find that well fe i animals are not O
more profitable, but add a correspo
ingly increased value-to their droppi
for manurial purposes. Feeding wey
a case where the farmer, in a means
eats his cake and keeps it.-too. I
found that there is a positive value
commercial manures, but that it is pos-
sible to get all their benefits by feeding
to animals foods that have a manuria
value, the manure resulting from the
feeding, in many cases, almost equaling -.
the first cost of the food. The following.
table may be said to closely approximate
the value of the manure resulting from
feeding .a ton' of each of the foods
named.
Gotten seed meal.........2'7.86
Qil meal.. .............. 19.72
Malt dust........ .. : 18.21 .
Corn.................. 6.65 i
Oats...... ............. 7.70
Bran........ ....... .. ... 14 59
Middlings.............. ]4 36 *
Clver hay,............. 9.64 ; .
Timothy................. 6.34 7
Oat straw................ .90
Of course these figures are only
claimed to approximate 'something like '
the average value of the manure made
from a ton of each, if it is carefully
saved. But much must depend upon--.-
the condition of the animals fed and the
purpose for which they're fed. If they ,.
are in poor condition, they will ta.-
more of the substance out of- he fodo
and appropriate it to recuperative pur-
poses. Young stock extract more of the
materials of their food than do full
grown ones. Fattening stock will drop -
he richest nure. Tre quality of the
1o.1 will vP1 the value of tb-h
But a aui--ar ,ion dio not
change or vary the-principle that rich
feeding pays'better than poor in tho
production of meat or dairy products,%.
and in the promotion of rowth, while
the value of the manuce resulting is
greatly enhanced. ThLPa inuF.- __.-
clover hay is worth almost .'as m B as
thebay.--Jatiinal Live Stock JOA .

Superiority orf -fti -
Why am I a woman sldragist JBause
I am. Becau-e a woman hiaStrnre ood:-
hard common sense than a man. Because
she makes less bluster about her rights
and quietly maintains them better than
a man. Because she won't give $1 50 for
an article that she knows very well she
can get for 75 cents. Because she does
not stalk loftily away from the counter
without her change if the robber behind
t is a little reluctant about. counting it
out. Because she is too independentto pay
the landlord $2 for her dinner, and then
pay the head waiter $1 to send her a
waiter who will bring it to her for 50
cents. Because she will hold her money
tightly in her own good little right hand
for two hours until she gets first a receipt
for it from a fellow who made her. hus-
band pay the same bill five times last
year. Not any "just give you credit for
t" for her. Because one day a Pullman
porter complained to me, "No money on
his trip; too many women aboard. Don't
never get nothing' out of a woman
ceptin' her regular fare." I had just
paid him twenty-five cents for blacki'g
ne of my boots and losing the other.
And when he said that-when I saw for-
myself the heroic firmness of those -
women, traveling alone, paying their
fare, and refusing to pay the salaries of
he employees of a wealthy corporation, I ,
aid: "These women have a right to
vote. To vote? By all that is brave and
bnd self-reliant and sensible, they have
right to run the government."-Bur-
lette in Brooklyn Eagle.

Where the Clerks get Diamonds.
"Most of the diamonds worn by hotel
clerks in America are genuine. Only' :
ast week, while I was at Atlantic City,
I saw a hotel clerk from whose breast
one of the largest and purest diamonds
Sever saw glittered. But of course he
didn't pay for it, and to tell the truth it
didn't belong to him."
"It didn't belong to him?"
"No, my dear boy, it didn't. He was
wearing it for an advertisement. A.
great many jewelry firms advertise their
goods in just that way. Almost any
watering place you may go to you will -
see the hotel clerks blazing with dia-
uonds that will make your eyes bulge -
iut. It's a good dodge for the jeweler
und it pleases the clerk."
"'But how is the jeweler benefittedi'




lerk, of course, tells what house it came
rom, recommends the visitor to go there
nd often gives him a card of introduc-
ion to the proprietor. See?"-Pittsburg
dispatch .


* I-.


Manurial Values.


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F-LOprID4 A 1MFXA-- 1- UITiGRO ER. JAiN{TARY'l5 1887i.


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POULTRY IN SOUTH FLORIDA.

05- How some Difficulties may be
: Overcome.
'It is quite a surprise to new comers,
S"in ibis section, at leasi, to find the price
S-* :"of eggs and chickens eo high. They go
'" to the store for eggs and are charged
thirty or forty cents per d.zen, and are
K. frequently heard to remark that they
'- never paid over fifteen or twenty cents,
and in spring and summer usually got
them for eight to twelve cents, and the
: same rule applies to chickens. The
^ prices look exorbitant to them, and
--. .-they think they are being fleeced by the
.-: merchant or farmer, as the case may
S-.be6 It early looks to them as though
-..2. -the poultry business is very profitable in
SFlorida.
S- These few remarks lead to the ques-
.t--' tion, how much profit there is in it. antil
": whether lower prices can be afforded by
the keepers of poultry; the price of beef
.and pork is low. and why not eggs and
chickens ?
Many have rushed into the keeping of
!-" poultry and gone in quite heavy under
-- the impression that they have tound a
.'i bonanza, but after t few months' trial
they find their cash getting less, instead
S- of more, and are glad to sell out.
r. There are several reasons whylv thlie busi-
n' ess does not pay them, even at such
..-' high prices. Fowls here are not self-sus-
-, training as in many places. There are
very few worms, bugs, crickets, grass-
hoppers and other insect or animal stet
S. they can help themselves to for a living,
S-and for that reason they must be fed
S* liberally, and the feed is an expense
here that draws on the purse very heav-
., ily, owing to the -long transportation
/ -and consequent heavy charges.
i' A hen will manage to, live on what-
she can pick up, but for a hen to lay
eggs she must have considerably more
S than a bare living. It is estimated that
S-a hen will and can live on forty quarts
I ,-of cori a year, or a little less than one
-'gill per day; but that is needed to sup--
Spobrt life, and for eggs she must have
considerably more than that amount.
'When feeding for eggs it must be
borne in mniind, however, 'that there is


::.^

:" -

































^-_

^;.,


if wanted, but I have traveled over the
State considerably, and from observa
tion I am willing to wager that there i
one town in New Jersey that hatcheE
more annually than this State contains
I have kept poultry for three years it
Florida, and in the North before coming
here, and am satisfied this is the natural
home for poultry, and that there is no
reason why every family should not
keep enough fowls to supply the tabhle
with eggs and fried chicken.
I am oftentimes met with the reply
we can buy poultry cheaper than we
can raise it. Then you are satisfied
with the dung-hill stock that is usually
found in the market here, fowls thai
are strangers to grain and would not
know corn if they saw it. You com-
plain of "Cracker beef". How mudch
better is Cracker poultry ?
This is the reason why people so read-
ily tire of poultry diet. Fowls raised or
the tender ends of rootlets and cock
roaches to my mind do not make goor
eating, or produce evggs that contain
much nourishlumenl. This is what we
market poultry-muen of Florida have to
contend with. Fowls are usually sold
by the piece cor dozen, no matter about
size or weightior breed. A dung-hill wil
bring nearly as much in any of t oui
marketsas a Bramah or PlyImouth Rock
Eggs are sold the eanie. thoulth tnongie
eggs only weigh from 18 to -20 ounces t<
the dozen, while thc.,, from pure breed
weigh from 23 to 30 ounces; and unless
you ha'e special custorumeis you must
take the market prke.
These are rea-ons whv it pays to taise
your own poultry; when you eat egzsg:
you know they're products of clear
food, rich and wholesome; when you
kill a Plymouth Rock, or a Bramah, ii
will be sweet and tender; for there is no
meat we eat that is so easily flavored 5y
what it is fed.
I will hereafter give my methods of
feeding, etc., and -as I keep a strict ac-
count of all my debits and credits, I am
able to answer the question, does poul-
try pay in Florida? -
E. W. AMSDEN, .
: Ormond on the Halifax.

BEES IN VOLUSIA COUNTY.
Experience a Safer Guide than


Apiarian Science.


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about as much risk in over-feeding .with -A' BY J.Yo. DETWLER.
grain as in under-feeding, for:a fat hen :aEw SMYRNA, Fla., Dec. 10, 1886.
will lay but few eggs. But few under-
stand how to feed fowls for- eggs and dtrlridaFnernd it Grower:
I must confess I have not learned 'Florida, thie Land of Flowers, is nature
the art y et; or, if I ha ve t he correct idea ally the home of the honey: bee. Spe-
thave noart puyet; orit if I have the correct idea, illy favored by an almost entire exemp-
1thino ieat a e p outry ep tion from the rigors of winter, it would
I think nearly all large poultry keep- naturally be supposed that the colonies
ers agree on some points, one of which is would under ordinary circumstances
--to give hens at night all the grain, corn multiply and incri-eis-e to the great sats-
o'"w rea incipally, -that they will eat; faction.of the apiarist. In special loca-
but give little at other times, and. tlfat lions the supply of nectar during
little in the form-of-bulky food in the the proper season is practically in-
morning, made up of boiled-potatoes or exhaustib-lf and during astuchli periods
any other vegetables mashed up with a visit to One u.f-Iru coast apiaries is one
bran or some ground feed, with a good ofitnLouse' satisactiou.
.."sprinklni .of edpepper- and meat -- Th'e fa,iiltv ftor increasing the colonies
prl of I'eisJ pepper a meat only limited .v the duration of the
am-t-,ic q week. --- honey flow, as at this mime the instinct of
Elens will notlay well 1in-large m-dfok,c% "icto"
Hen ll not lay well in-larg flcks, the -ee teaches it is the proper one to
for some reason best known to them- "increase and multiply"-naturally, if
selves. Ten to twenty together pay the attending apiarist does nort take, ad-
much better thau more, andt experience v.wtageo'that irstinct by diviLiB-or
has taught me tha.h-reus confined in a 16 otherwise manipulating theri to suit his
foot square..en.osure will lay as many convenience. ---
eggs, if-rfot more. and need less to eat Tbere-a u-two methods usually fol-
Srunning at large. Allowing t6wyed bIy bet-keepers in their manage-
ro's a person can-Jieep as large meant of bees, wluh result in success or
e V desies bbfuilding yards or failure to a greater or less degree. One is
im, which need ntbeexpertn- mu compel the bees to follow the dictates
-.c 1 t of the apiarist, whatever personal views
..cl'a3 e fhe may hold on the subiecit, or the ends
heavy cost of feed for keeping be may wish to accomplish. The other
j t be added the great risk from is to study the habits ofthe busyl insect
aw- the day time, and from owls. and eunleavor, l.y taking advantage of
skunks, 'possums and other "varmints" that instinct, to lea-i rather than drive
which prowl around at night, them to ,onform to his wisbhes.
Diseases of various kinds, cholera. In our Southein climate provision
group, gapes, sorehead andi other com- shoul.l be made to protect the l:bes trom
plaints take off lots of chicks in all thie many insec-t enemies ocf which the
stages of growth, so that it is not un- Northern apiarl-t 3.s no conception,
common for people to lJoe from one wiIihb reudJer theitare of i.ees one iequir-
half to seven-eights or all the -chicks ing extreme vigilance, especially where
.hatched, and more or less of the old _the large red ant abounds.
hatched and mre or less of thold Bee trees are common in many parts of
fowls. Every keeper of fowls ought to Florida, especially in the cypress
take-a good poultry paper for advice and swamps, and but seldom in the piney
hints given, and I knew of none better woods. Observation is convincing that
than the Poultry Keeper, -published at a colony of bees domiciled in a hollow
Parksburg, Pa., monthly, at only 50 cts. tree is less liable to be disturbed by the
per year; but when you come to doctor- ravages of an army of red ants if the base
ing poultry for diseases, a hatchet is of the tree is surrounded by water, as is
about as good a remedy as anything usually the case in the swamps. In the
when you don't want to let nature take vicinity of Turnbull hammock, in Volu-
its course.- sia county,|it is no uncommon occurrence
An ounce of prevention iagoes far to- for the native Floridian to secure his
wards keeping fowls healthy. bykeeping yearly supply of honey, as well as nir-
merous colonies of bees from the
their pens and roost lng places clean and swamps, the bees, in many instances
sweet. Iiin hot weathe- they want to get having absconded from the apiaries in
in the shade and wiLl spend three- the vicinity, a mile or two distant.
fourths of the day in their roosting An'-important fact in this connection is
places, unless they have other and bet- worthy of mention. The ravages of the
ter places to go to. It is nort uncom- moth worm and miller are seldom dis-
mon when fowls are dying off fast, on covered in these cypress gums, whether
asking how often their roosting place in the swamp or around the cabin of the
was cleaned ou t, to get the reply, "It has native. May not this be attributed to.the
not been cleaned outr since it w'as built," small diameter of the cavity in which
andto look at it you would notdoubt the colony usually makes its abode and
the statement. All such fowl places the facility the occupants have in en-
the statement. All uch fowl places larging or contracting the size of the
Sbreed disease, and are generally full of cavity, whether the temperature be
lice and mites besides. either warm or cold? May we
--I know of nothing better than saw- not learn valuable lessons from
dust to sprinkle in the house freely, the bee in its wild state, notwithstanding
after cleaning it out, to make it sweet the assertions ofthe scientific bee-keeper
and healthy. Don't be sparing of it, but who would have us believe that the
put it on half an inch or more deep. No keeping of bees must be in accordance
danger of its breeding wood lice, for it is with modern ideas, rather than those in
mixed with dirt and droppings too much conformity to the instinct of the insect?
for that. Very few know how to keep When we consider the great annual
setting hens free from lice andmite loss of colonies of bees throughout the
here, for they will cme to a setting enNorthern States the question arises, is
here, for they will cme to a setting hen modern scientific bee-keeping a success?
even when you do your best, but if you Though not in a position to reply intelli-
will get the ground tobacco that most of gently to the above question, it might be
our feed stores have to sell for fertiliz- well to say that many colonies have been
ing purposes, and sprinkle over the nest lost during the cold weather by an un-
and eggs freely two or three times dur- warranted ambition on the part of the
ing the time of setting, you will have no apiarist to secure large yield ofhoney.
trouble with them. By so doing he deprives the -colonies of
I would like to write more on this the stores necessary for their sustenance-
subject, and may do so at. another time, during the rigors of winter. These losses
A. J. ALDRICH. are mainly attributed to "bad honey, ,
ORLA.NrO, FLA. presence of pollen, sugar, or glucose
feeding, and numerous other causes-
Let this be as it may, it is nothing that
Poultry in East Florida, concerns us in our Florida climate. Let
us look to our own interests in this mat-
There is probably n State in the ter and endeavor to inform ourselves, if
nin where so little attention is'paid possible, of the best method to secure t
to the raising of poultry) as in Florida. both increase and honey from our colo- a
I have never seen the statistics, as to nies. .
ho- many the State produces, and do It maybe the case, as in the present I
not know if such a record could be had season, that we may obtain neither, but I


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0
Dance of the Sand Hill Crane.
The last time I went hunting I wit-
nessed a scene which I had often heard
of, but never seen. It was the dance of
the sand-hill crane. My companion was
a, well-known hunter, and, though he is
a physician, finds much time-he lives in
Northern Iowa-to study the ways and
haunts of wild fowl. "Now" said he,


tinder circumstances so discouraging we
should endeavor to preserve our colo-
nies, if possible, 1'for the coming season,
hoping for the best even ifit is not real-
ized.
Bees, like poultry, if well eared for,
seldom fail to yield a profit on the in-
vestment. For this reason they should
be kept by all whoappreciate the value
ot'houey portable purposes, if not for
sale.
The possession of a colony of bees in a
nail kegor c press gum may not be in
accordance "ith the views of some four
modern bee-keepers, bur, in the absence
ofany better receptacle, they (an be kept
with advantage ii for no other purpose
than that, of securing the swarm that
may issue. This, in most localitie9, will
bring from $1.s50 to $2. ,u, which will pay
for acopy of an agricultural journal or
county paper, which is a desirable ac-
quisition to any tamuilly.

THE SILK INDUSTRY.
Unsuccessful Efforts Attributed


e to Incorrect Methods.
The editor of tho FARMIER AND FROI"
GROiWER has received the following in
leiesting communicati,-n from the Vico
i President for Florida of the Ladies" Na
Li0nal Associaiion for thie eucourageme'n
of Sericulture :
DEAR SIR-YoU ask me to give vot
R an article tor the Florida Fairmc-.
and Fruit Grower on the present
statusof set culture in the United States
the woik and degree of success of thi
Woruen's Organization, the nature .,of it,
work and the assistance which beginner'
may obtain. I have written and other:
have written so much on thie subjec
That little or nothing remains to be said
SFor four years I have labored assidu
ously to enlist attention to the' advan
stages secured by silk culture-especially
Sto Florida.
To this end I prepared-carefully a man
ual on the subject, of- which I hawv
given away over a thousand copies
another thousand I have offered for sale
wherein I have met with reasonable sue
cess. I have besides- given away mans
thousand cuttings of the morus multi
caulis for food planting, and I am pre
pared .to continue the work. In thi
Trade Edition of the TiMEs UNION ol
1885 1 have so fully set forth the claims
of the industry to consideration that I
scarcely can add anything. in prool
thereof -
The Florida Dispatch has recently
given the experience of one individual
in the culture of silk. The article is
adverse but so well written that any one
at all familiar with such experiments
recognizes its reliableness; and more em-
phatic still is the warning of an authority
writing in the June number last of the
Atlantic Monthly, wherein the author
says something to this effect: '.'If I had
the wings of an angel, the heavens
for a scroll, and a pen of flame, I would
make the circuit of the world to proclaim,
let silk culture alone."
Again. and again we see articles in
papers and magazines discouraging to
.any)_4aerptto establish the industry;
to all of which I answer, your condition
ari circumstances were not favorable to
-te undertaking, you were too rich or
too poor, you were not prepared to
secure greater returns than you did.
We could not raise a cotton crop in
flower pots or wheat in swinging baskets.
It requires two acres of best land culti-
vated for six months under rain and
sunshine to-make one bale of cotton (500
Ibs), which after many processes of prep-
aration for market will probably sell for
7 or 8 cents per lb; while at your leisure,
on your parlor table if you please, you
can raise one pound of silk in six weeks
which will command one dollar or even
more if of good weight and condition.
I sometimes read accounts of ladies of
established intelligence and industry ex-
perimenting with silk culture. They
abandon it in disgust and report there is
no money in it. In all such cases I deter-
mine that circumstances were not favor-
able, nor. %ill they even be so to others
than those who have sufficient land on
which to plant acres of food, and the
unemployed time that country life
affords, with the intelligence to make
this an auxilliary to an income from sev-
eral other industries.
We have only to look at the quotations
of raw silk imported into this country
(mostly from China through English
houses,) to feed the silk factories, to rec-
ognize the fact that the time is corning
when the United States will need a home
supply. The work therefore before our
people is to prepare for this period by
planting the mulberry an every available
piece of ground-and a very few years
will not only prove their value but their
necessity. Ignore the dictum that not
only certain varieties of mulberry will
make silk, for, excepting the papyrus,
they will all make equally good fibre and
so likewise will the osage orange.
The industry has never been more than
an experiment, from the fact that there
is not food enough in the country to
make a remunerative return or to supply
the factories to any great extent. Ignore
the fact also that individuals denounce
silk raising, or rather consider the cause
to be that they have undertaken it when
not prepared.
Floridians, to you I speak especially,
for you have the land, the climate and
the time, and I sincerely believe the time
will come when the silk manufacturers
will look to you, rather than to the
Chinese, to furnish the supply needed for
their factories. Consequently I urge
every one that has land, to plant mulber-
ries. They will give shade, timber and
fruit while waiting for. the demand of
home-made American-raised raw silk.
ELLEN CALL LONG.
TALLAHASSEE, FLA., Dec. 1, 1886.


STHE VALUE OF PERENNIALS.

The Claims to Favor of Certain
Common Plants.
Editor lFtormtda farmer ana jifmu-grower:
A great mistake made by many of us
in Florida in the matter of floriculture,
Sis th- planting of too many annuals, to
aIm t the utter exclusion of p-renrial
p1, V hrubs. -
Thl4annuals, at their best, do not give
satisbction without considerable trouble;
either the winter is too cold for them,
the summer too hot, or the spring too
-dry. They must be planted and culti-
vated in winter and spring, making fre-
quent watering a necessity in our sandy
soil for many sorts. The ants and wood-
lice Work on them, worms get inside the
stem and kill them, and the more for-
tunate ones that survive, after flowering
a short time, die down at the approach
of summer, leaving unsightly vacancies.
Of course there are many exceptions.
A notable one is the here despised and
persecuted periwinkle (vinca alba and
rosea, at the North very much esteemed
for -green-house or flower garden. This
becomes perennial here, and even when
cut down by severe frosts, very soon
makes its appearance again in a ten-fold
ratio, sprouting from old roots and
coming up freely everywhere from self-
sown seed. It grows luxuriantly on the
whitest and poorest of sand, blossoms
uninterruptedly from one end of the
year to the other, and is really a hand-
some and very desirable plant.
It is hoed up, plowed up, palled up,
and war is waged against it in every
conceivable way, but still it bravely
holds its own. We believe in the sur-
vival of the fittest, and here enter a
word of protest. It grows where grass
will not grow, so dry and poor is the
land, and to our way of thinking,.looks.
far better than the bare, dry sand. We
have known people let the abominable
"sand spurs" take possession of every-
thing, while they spent their time in
hoeing up and abusing the harmless
vincas, simply because they could not
kill them all nor get rid of them.
They do not do the least harm, and a
yard planted thickly with the purple
and white varieties soon forms a carpet
of beauty, to which "clover-fields and
daisies" cannot be compared, and which
the New York millionaire may well
envy. A very little cultivation will. pro-
duce gratifying results; if there is no
other room for them, we suggest that
they might be very tastefully employed
for edgings instead of the shells and
other articles generally used in the lay-
ing out of the "Clam-shell (or Beer-bot-
tle) parterre," a form of flower garden
very common in Florida, and usually an
abomination to good taste.
But we intended to speak more par-
ticularly of a few satisfactory shrubs,
and first of all we would put the roses
and nerium (oleander). A collection of
roses properly cared for is a complete
flower garden in Florida, from Christ-
mas until May, and from May-day till
Christmas again. But of course every
lover of flowers must and will have
roses, on the other hand, one seldom
sees an oleander, except of the old-fash-
ioned double pink sort, or at most, the
single white variety.
We claim that for general planting
there is no class of shrubs in existence
that will give better results and satisfac-
tion than the oleander. In the first
place, they are perfectly hardy in
Florida; even last winter the sweet-
scented, double pink variety (the tend-


w]l suvw you within an hour the famous
d,4,nce of the sano-r.ill crimes." We
srept over the prair v in a way which I
shall never forget the two poniesseem-
ink to'enjoy the out door sport. At last
I' came in sight of a crowd whose noise
had saluted our ears for an hour. They
wvie on a slope' which came down near
tLta lake. All at once two stepped out
from the crowd, faced each other, and
began clapping their wings, jumping up
and down as Indians do for a'war dance.
All this rime they were uttering crime;
which boys would understand very soon
to be cries of merriment Their com-
panions greeted them with shouts of
seeming laughter and the one jumping
highest and longest, was acknowledged
chatupion of the day. When these t- o
became exhausted, two rctbers went
through the same pelt formance. We
watched them for about an hour.--fhe
Adt'uiace.
Poultry Notes.
The best floor for a hen-liouse is clean
diy earth.
Fo,,ls shloild have 'Just where they
can flutter in it at will
Fo-wls will nout filten in cold weather
UL-Less well sheltered.
An otchard will Lie benefited by being
used as a poultry pasture.
If a man has a good place for geese Ihe
may proitfit by raising them.
Painting the tuside of a hen-house
with gas-tar will free it from lice.
Nor one person in ten knows low toI
feed to:%I. I and tieat them propel ly.
There is no economy in keeping hens
in the stal.le where lice attack otber
stock. The bens shouldl bare a strmp,-ate
place, for their own use and have no
more business in a stable than a horse
has in a poultry house. They do not
thrive together. :
By immersing eggs in a gallon of
water (previously boiled and cooked), to'
which has been added a teaspoonful of
salicylic acid, they will keep three
months or more. The acid is dissolved
in boiling water before added. It is
harmless and possesses excellent preser-
vative qualities.
A danger to be avoided in keeping
fowls is overcrowding.- Too many after
building a house of proper-dimensions
for the first lot, then enlarge the flock.
When an extensive business is carried
on the fowls should be separated in
small flocks; they will not do their best
until this is done.-Ex.


_, .


_L'_'EL-JJ: F LORIDA


*'. t-,--


FARM EIAILj


A NEW WEEKLY JOURNAL, DEVOTED TO TBE FARM,G OAR-


DEN ORCHARD, &ND HOUSEHOLD ECONOMY.




--EDITED B.-Y--


PROFESSOR A.. H. CURTISS.





0, H. JONES & BRO., Publishers.


The FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER has for its Iading object.
the promotion of rural industries in this State, and will advocate especially a more diver-
sified and 'intensive system of agriculture and greater economy of home resources.

Assuming that the agricultural adaptations of a large portion of Florida are as yet but
imperfectly understood,a special aim of this journal will be to describe the best results which
have been accomplished, with the exact methods employed, and all influences affecting
such results; also to suggest experiments, describe new or little known crops, fruits, etc.,
and record the progress of agriculture in neighboring States.

Continuing through the season for tree planing, there will be a series of articles on.
fruits-other than those of the citrus group-which have proved most successful in this.
State. Each variety'will be described and illustrated, and there will be notes trom per
sons who have had experience in its cultivation. This will be folloWed by a similar series.
on forage plants, and other subjects will be illustrated to a limited extent.
SMuch attention will be devoted to live stock and to the home production of forage
and fertilizers, two economies which are essential to successful farming.
Questions relative to ailments' of domestic animals will be answered by an able veteri-
nary surgeon who formerly edited a like department of the Turf, Feld and Farm.
A due amount of space will be devoted to household economy and to reports of the.
markets, and there will be special departments of truck-gardening, floriculture, poultry,
veterinary practice, etc., under the charge of persons specially skilled in those branches.
All portions of the State will be represented by able correpondents.
Under no circumstances will this journal become the "organ" of any association or
locality; it starts out untrammelled and will represent all sections and interests with
absolute impartiality.
The FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER is eight pages 15&xl9i inches, 43.
columns. The price of subscription is $2 per year, $1 for six months, or 50 cents fcr three
months.
Specimen copy free. Address


Florida Farmer


Grower

JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.


Crest of all), only suffered a. partial loss
of foliage, while other varieties were
untouched. 'They will grow well on the
poorest of land, and stand all sorts of
neglect. The texture of the flowers is
firm, and this makes them very valuable
for cut flower, bouquets. etc., while in
garden or lawn they are unsurpassed.
A careful sel-ction of varieties will give,
the second or third year.a succession of
flowers from March until December. of
almost every imaginable color except
blue. The European florists are now
giving this plant much attention, and
upwards of sixty varieties are catalogued
at present, embracing single, double
and semi-double varieties of all shades
of pink, white, yellow, flesh-color and
purple; also one variety with variegated
green and white e leaves. Five dollars
invested u a collection of oleander
plants vwih in time give more satisfaction
than ter. times that amount spent in
miscellaneous flower seeds, especially
annuals.
The possibilities for landscape garden-
iog and massing with the oleander are
uniim;te:l. The hills in the lake region
of fSourh Florida might in a short time
be transformed into e ildernesqes of
beauty. The o'eander hedges of Florida
might become far more famous than
those oft" the Bermudas, and we often
wotiler why they are never employed
here for that purpose. Groups, for the
lawn, can he graded into symmetry by
the uso of the tall grow ing sorts for back-
ground, arnJ the halfldwarf and dwaif
varieties in front.
No collection, however small; should
be without the ola-ftahionei, double,
piuk, sweet-scented variety, though it is
not so free-flowering as many of the
newer sorts. In the formation of hedges
the plants should be cu t backhand a allowed
to sucker freely at the root, during the
first and second years espe-iallv To
fill up gaps, the long willowy shoots
may be bent over and pegged down to
-the ground, and new shoots will soon
make their appearance the whole length
of the branch. .
P. W. RE&.SONE.R.
MANATEE, Fla., Dec. 2, l1 86.

When a "Flower" Becomes a
"Weed."
"A weed is a plant out of place," says
Henry Ward Beecber. -Our common
Vinca has a great propensity for getting
out of place, or into places without -our
permission.' We, who claim owner-
ship of the soil and are jealous of all en-
croachments on the rights we strive to
maintain, regard this and some other
members of the vegetable kingdom as
a trespasser or "squatter," .without any
claim to the soil under the pre-emption
or any other law. Hence we eject it at
sight, vi et armis, -that is, with mus-


cle and hoe; and. so ,tbe"'conflict wvillc,-
continue through com-ing ages, and irrf..
the end, possibly, this weed may be d'-
'service," proving to be the "fittest"-
denizen of the soil. "Circumstances-
alter cases," anid latitudes modify men's.
views and opinions very materially.
Peter Henderson, the great florist, tells-
us that this same T'h;ca rose "is a.
beautiful green-house plant," which
may Le grown from cuttings or from
seeds, the latter being preferable;" fur-
thermore, that "the seed should- be-
sown in the hot-house or hot-hed about
the first of January. in an average tem-
perature of not less than 70."
If a person at the North takes a
Southern "weed" and puts it in hisa
green-house, cares for it tenderly and.
watches it for months with solicitude,.
he cannot but rejoice in its bloom. But let "
a Northern "flower" come into ourdoor-
yards. run rampant over thenim, and set
all mrueeis and bounds at defiance, then it
is regarded as a weed and a nuisance-
so) easily and unreasonabli- is human
judgment warped I
We do not fuily share in our corres-
pondent's admiration of this plant.
There is something rank and weedy in
its appearance, it belongs to a family of
poisonous plants, a u d enus that
has been dedicated to.*-.decora.- -
tion. Ilirf (i(no jr '
small and large b
common in bur-i
northern States. i-.
in themselves. su
ideas that we cannot a'w
side of a cemetery. ElEew E
iard any finca as '"out of place, -
a "-weed.'." hence to be eradicated after
more objectionable weeds hare been dis-
posed cof, such as the "-dog fennel" and
"'Jerusalem weed.-A. H. C.
*
Thc Apocynum Family of Plants.
To this natural order or family belong- -
the oleanders, periwinkles, and some six.
h u ndred other plants, mostly natives of -
the tropical zone; the greater portion
of thcm being found in Asia south of -;
the equator. The sap of most Apocy-
nacei, is milky and acrid. Several ape- -
cies yield India rubber, some have med- .
icinal virtues, and many are poisonous,
one species yielding the most deadly of
all known poisons. In green-houses tbhe
order is represented by the elegant yel- -
low-flowered Alliniarda, the white 0m4
fragrant-flowered 7abe-ernemootana and'
species of Dipladenria. In the gardens- -
of Key West Thecetlia and Cerbera are,
conspicuous shrubs. This family is.
represented-in Florida by four elegant
species of Echites and by two of Amso-
nia, the former occurring in the ex-
treme southern portion of the State, and.
the latter in the northwestern. The
yellow jessamine is also referred to this
family by European botanists.-A.H.C.


M


Ioluat"lre.


I







FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. JANUARY 5, 1887,.


T mTTTTTTVUP n~T" nair, and let me do it up, or have a thinking of nthiiig biut dress, putting osier. Ie watched her figure foi home
S faringe, I'd show what my powers are, all their wages on their backs, time as she walked about the wing
LT LE IN I and in what my genius lies. Wait! "That would never do for Joe, he is all nearest the ground and climbed on to the
W When Lema is grown up; won't I only for saving. They like chattering; he first rib.
BY S. BARING GOULD. make a splash with her head?" hardly ever talks. They are all for Then he pshawedl and growled out a
Trip, as her father called the little girl, laughing and singing and dancing. I word of annoyance. That child was be-
was as pretty, lively a child as ever was never hear him shout or laugh, he scarce coming a nuisance. She would infest
CHAPTER I. seen. She had very fair curly flaxen smiles, but goes as quietly at his work the mill like a mouse. She -would inter-
HOW SHE CAME BY HER NAME. hair, and dark eyes and lashes. Her like a machine. If I were not his mother fere with his work. She would run into
Any one who knows the neighborhood complexion was blooming. Her bright I should find it dull here with him, and I danger. She must be forcedto leave him
SLond o knows the Lnd o h fae sparkled with merriment. She had don't know what I should do without in peace.
of London knows the London clay. The a happy spirit, was amiable and engag- the pigs and the poultry. Did you ever So he sto0d up, walked to the osier
hedges are heaped up of London clay, ing, and would have grown into a charm- before see any one who never talked ex- fringe, parted the glossy stems, and
the ditches are dug in it, the fields that Ing young woman had she not been cept he'd got something to say? My Joe called "Little Tu'pennyl"
are plowed turn it up thick and tough spoiled by her father and mother, by the don't, and that would not content a She did not seem to hear him.
and ill favored, the house walls are built notice taken of her by the people of the young woman." "I say-Twopenny Ratel"
of it, burned into pale bricks, the roofs great house, Ringwood Hall. Every gen- One day when a fresh northwest breeze No notice.
are tiled with it, the very swallows' tleman who went out shooting with her was blowing, and the white clouds were "Hey, there! Colman's Mustardi"
nesta under the eaves are molded out of father had a word for her, and a laugh at flying over the sky, the mill wings were She turned away toward the steps
aa d ou bo her pretty, coquettish ways. But it was whirling with great vigor, and the wind without seeming to hear him.
it; walk alopq the roads, and your oots not her beauty alone which attracted no- rushed off them in spouts of cold air. "Miss TriptolemaYellowleaf Redfern."
are clogged with it; walk as gingerly as tice, and helped to injure her; her name Happening to go the mill door, Joe She was round at once, and came
you will, you are bespattered with it.
you Within 20 or 30 milespattere of London occurswith it. -that unfortunate name-had its share was surprised and startled to. see a little bounding over the turf, with outspread
aWithin 20c of frit clay landes of fieldson of cab- in harming her. When the young ladies figure of a girl turn out of the road, and arms, like a skimming bird, her fair hair
4a tra of flb a and corn, surrounded by at the hall had visitors, and were at a come over the short grass toward the blown back as she ran. "Yes, Mr. Wes-
bages ad b.-ns and corn, surrounded loss how to entertain them, they would mill, with the eyes raised to the sails, tern."
stuited thobrl hedges, with here and say, "Come with us for a walk through The child came on unconscious of dan- "Come here," he called. "Not that
tberea.-bricI and tile yard, some worked, the park to the keeper's lodge. We will ger, unaware of the danger of approach- way. You cannot jump the ditch. Round
etblatebrtedi; the old brick fields con- show you there a real rustic beauty, one ing and coming within the sieep of those the gate in the road."
vertd int, ra ,ged sloppy depressions, quite out of the common for her loveli- mighty revolving wings. "Hold out your arm."
into which ib .r h t all the refuse from the ness, and still more out of the common as Joe called to warn the child off; but She leaped the moat; but If he had not
neighbrhc..:..! There stand pools of her name." common she either did not hear, or disregarded caught her she would have slipped back,
'stagnant watr, fringed with coarse "We shall see what we shall see," said the monition. Then, with a frown and repelled by the spring-like willow rods,
grass, and i he anks sparsely producing her mother. "More strange things have an exclamation of impatience, Joe ran and fallen into the water.
-. The roo d Iier, runs straight as though happened than that a poor girl should down the steps, strode over the turf, He drew her through the bushes. She
H.,'The royd here ruomans straight as though French marry a Bart. Lema is not only as caught the child by the arm, and roughly was laughing, rosy, smiling.
adnen,ared under the first Napoleon. lovely as an angel, but she has had the swung it aside. "What are you doing here, Joe?" she
-B"Bd nde th rund is a gate, opening intol advantage of my superior cultivation, "What are you about here?" he asked, asked.
a. w-si pe .- ground slightly raised and her hair is done up like that of alady.' "You might have been killed." "Working, MOiss Triptolema."
aw6s uw round sWhy, my dearest Lea, the poet locate The child was Triptolema Yellowleaf "Working! Oh, that is too bad. The
t a of waste land sftandsce, a wind- writ some verses about a king- forget Redfern. day is fine; there is no wind. You should
Pov t surounhis nasme exactly-who married a beggar "I'm doing no harm," she said, un- take-a holiday."
...ml.maid, and as sure as that you are not a dauntedly. "I'm not going to eat the "I never have holidays."
"." -Te'*h,,le of the mill, built of wood, bears ar u cats "I intend to have nothing else."
beggara, so sure are you to. cath some- mill."
id w ite, white as the flour that ndd "The mi was nigh on grinding you." "Why are ou .not at school?"' asked
ls-'- s.t- i t.d n t. Then, as the keeper came indid.", she ad- SThe mistared was nigh on grinding you."im. the miller.
i- a ml e off runs the wall of a park. Then, as"Because I have left school. The mas-
awll marks the limit of London clay dressed him: "Richard" (every one but What a lovely child she was, with those "Because I have left school. Themas-
"and the b3ginring of gravel marks vhere his wife called him Dick), "Triptolema large dark eyes and that abundant fair tercalled m names, so mother has taken
beans end and trees commencearks, where shall not go to school any more; of that I hair me away.!
the plow easesnd and to run its furrow, wheandre am resolved. What do you think? The "You be off, and trespass here no "Names!- "
the cplow ceases tosheep and even the deer schoolmaster dared-yes, dared-to-day more," he said. "Yes; he must learn a lesson. He will
ru n insteadthe sheep to shout out to Lema from his desk, 'Now, "I want a fly," she said; "I am going lose a penny a week. You also, I must
In the mill worked Joe Western, con- Little Tu'penny, no talking, please. up on one of those great wings. Stop teach you a lesson; you also called me
ie a t uhe ma alnt aWhat is the world coming to when our them for me- to climb on to one." names."
but cdere tainly, ungeniale and nsociable-nt, a superiors give theirselves such airs?" It was now Joe's place to stand and "The best lesson will be to stay away.
but ertainl oungenaland unsociable-amps stare. The child's bright eyes were full You must not come here any more bother-
good deal of London clay in his composi- CHAPTER II. of eagerness, the cheeks were flushed, and ing me."
tion apparently. hair, almost white in the Bun blw "Do those white butterflies bother
In the -park lived Dick: Redferif, the HOW SHE FOTND uHI WAT TO THE MILL. her hair, almost white In the s~un, blow "D ths wiebitefes ohr
In thee park lived Dicky edri, the Ho- ShE wOUND Hi WA TO THE MILL. about her head in the wind like cotton you?"' asked Trip, pointing to a pair flut-
keeper his.wife, and only childTrip. It Ix the windmill on the clay land grass tearing over the cabbages ,
Is waste of-words to say that Triptolema, worked Joe Western, white with flour, "You little donkey," was all he safd, "Do they not? They are my greatest
being an only child, ,was spoiled. But white faced, white handed, and with his "go". plague. They eat out the very hearts bt
then- as there not an excuse for it? An hair more fully powdered than any foot- Then he moved to go back to the milL my pants."
excuse to be found in the appearance and man at the hall. ."I am going to fly," she said, resolute- "Order them away. They will not go.
ways of the child. Where an ugly, ill He did not, of course, live in the mill; ly "I will oup." i t is their nature to dance about your
condition little girl ispampered and he lived in a low brick house, one story I Joe considered a moment, then he went garden. You may order me away; but
petted, we see at once that the parentshigh, roofed With tiles, a bowhot off the into the weighing house under the mi, I won't go. I shall play about you; and if
are blameworthy; but when the girl is mill. On the red roof, turned to a warm and brought out a whip. "Do you see I only saw my way to eat out your heart,
pretty and winsome, skillful in working brown by age, grew patches of stonecrop this?" Joe-I'd do it, and laugh to be able to
her way into the hardest heart, as the of a golden yellow. The cottage had "Yes." torment youl"
wood worm bores into the most obdurate a bit of garden round it, sur- "What do I use it for? "There," said the miller; "I have no
oak; then we allow that the parents are rounded by a ditch fringed with "Driving donkeys." time to chatter with you. All I say is,
-excusable. willows. The garden formed an ob- "Yery well, I'll use it on you, it is a pity. You ought to be at school.
How did the girl come by the name long patch, apparently taken out from don't go Idleness leads to mischief. ool
--Triptolema? Worse-infinitely worse a field. mhis was, however, not the case.. "I'm not a donkey-I'm an angel, e resumed his mattock. She seated
her entire Chrisin m The gre an house ... the.... .......
e e a aewaTilm The gardenand house of thebmiller were mother says so, and angels fly. I am herself on a rail, surveying her feet, and
Yellwley, or tw older by at least a hundred years than going to fly." t hen began to sing. She had a sweet,
leaf. She got her name in the following the field, which had been enclosed within sed, well assured he sparking voice. Her notes were like bits e
.. tah e t m r.J w hah h a d b e m o se wm th S hqn d w a s com -o s ---v .e m l- t.e r ..
ma eI t....... .. the memory of man from what had been w aontd not strke her. hastill o gass.
-M sRedforn, the keperv's wife bad common. Long before the oldest man- -i datthe-, S s of Thento the m oner thewfdo hi_ at-
--itoma at d h h t h Msscould remember, or before the oldest man "They g so fast- she sa '" -dtock and went -e indoors, at r d-preently
-'dTitenh-n._ Wh r--lha-she ha"D-onse ole .. .. o -- =M= ,=t= vT004-- anwn luof, ~r-pran





.n yu ~ ~~fh mS-0 .-hl -kn -hc - -,^ -. -hts-okeer ana ond them nearu nen ooe menap wa -fu i
t eioenb-hmt-h -ree. wh e l tell Ot aving heard by r be fun going up on them almost into came out with a piece of bread and a





Olr m ihr "sai nhi ore yai, pnera na eiont a wmnonsb- heagr n"f an fhr adn ndh a aosbems
wion been much Tpreiaed with ear- before him, there had been a windmill On heaven; anyhow higher than the topo plate on which was a slioe of honeycomb
g the name of Triptolemus Yalowley Rinmg moor, and thue miller's cottage had yon mill. I've often seen them, but never C h eI
-_o.tl, metine ,.by_- ... -"_-"e voting -" stood where it stands still. Rilng moor Cherry ripe, -cherrwoya-e ripedie, Iale cry.... 1... =abens cs bfre dnt as o" ul n fl oe, oe n by
Squenty mentioedby the on a- stoo sd whereyit stands sti. Been so close before. I don't care how Fullt andfair ones, come and buy;
6-e,-who a- dbeet reading Sir Walter was moor no more-- i't was all enclosed, high I go, I don't care how fast I go, so If so be you ask me where
Seeorse ir t a "i hears u and cultivated, and uined. long as I go up." The do grow, I answer- There.
Ther-adys aidherd hename, il In-the cottage Jo, Western lived with ":If you go up, down you come again." Where the sunbeams sweetly smile,
remembered it, though treasuring in her his mother. His father was dead. He Yes, but again up I should go.", 7 Therels.the land of Cherry Ile.
main the general sound of the name, had fallen one day, when drunk, from It was not possible to convince te cid "There," said he, "sweeten your red
weh. .e tho er fe and becm the steps that led up into he mill, and Joe could not leave the mill longer, the ripe cherries with that, and go along wNith
: ehe a marr the eeper an ecame had broken, as folk said, every bon bell was tangling to tell that the hopper You."





-" '- -thee m-tb- of a itetlRchrhe. 2. --.Ds aeagn ~o~&tn ~pe u.
sai toer u a Lb il, shal, his body. This was an exaggeration. He was empty. He dare nost let her remain She took the honey gleefully, and, sit-
said sh to her husband, "she shall be had broken two or three, but one was where she was lest she should step Where ting on the rail with her knees together
called Triptolema Yellowleaf, and no ob- enough to settle him-his skull, which the revolving wings might strike her; and and the -late resting on her'lap, was still
section on your part will be of the small- struck a stone.. s one touch of those might rushing aIt for awhile eating bread and hoey
st weight with me." When old Miller Western died Joe was would beat the little, bounding, happy, Joe had a range of beehives in, his
"It's a queer name. 19 years old. Weighty responsibll- eager life out of her. garden, and he was a famous bee mas-
'Queer it may be, Richard," sa his ties rested on him. He hadhis mother o He had in his pocket piece of stout ter. Now on this lovely day the bees
wife; "but it is a name that Sir Walter maintain, his own future to determine twine. Without another word he drew were about humming and gathering their
Scott, Bart., did not blush to, use; and -He was adlised by~all hisfather's friends hero the steps, boundher hands together sweet food. The sun shone warmly








her totou the s te pst boun he an stgeh r w e food. Thes u shone warml br;
what a Bart, is not ashamed of, I don't to throw up the mill, as beyond the bust- at the wrists, and fastened her firmly to over that little garden, turning out the
see that a gamkeepershould turn up his ess powers of a beardless boy. Hw the rail. Then without speaking, but fresh, healthy scent of the upturned
os a t ee could a lad without a hair on his chin- with a grim look out of his gray eyes, ad earth. The bank with -thyme, and mint,
Sowithonly down on his upper lip-conduct a frown and a shake of the head, he weit and marjoram poured forth fragrance.
"Well, supposing it be queer," said a mill? Joe was a silent fellow, very up the stairs. The scarlet runners were in bloom; so
Mrs. Redfern; "'tis d-stingy." self contained and reserved. Helistened After a while h. returned. He had were the tall British queen peas, and the
.Dm tingy (distigue Mrsl Redfern to advice, and did not6cmbat the reason- done what was necessaryfor a while, and bees were busy in the corollas of these
meant) the name of Triptolema might be, ing of his advisers. What could he say? resolved to release the girl Hhad given flowers. -
: .but when the girlwent to school she Nothing ut time could gro he e a lesson, and he h6ped she would Joe w on, but every now and
fn it. eentie lay d-strvasinz. The sary nhair on his lace which would eapacmi- profit by it, and never-again come near then, with furtive gance looked at the,
name lent itself to what Professor Max tatc. him, in public e,_imation, for carry- the mill. little girl,, perched as a ring-ousel on the
iillr woud ea phonetic degradations. ing on the mil.. He d broad shoulders;.. She was- not crying:. Shewas sitting rail, now intent on herbr and honey.
It invited the wags to try their W'itticisms he put the m e under t burden without a on the-step with her hands overher head, Then he turned round, with his backto
upon it, it provoked attention, it excited word, and pursued his own course. .He fast to the rail, and her face peering be- her; the sight of her interfered with his
envy income, ridicule in others. It was kept on the mi. tween her arms at the revolving sails. agan .
riot, on rinei thtcudb e aoe w .hr rsa h,-evligsis diligenc.C
ot a name that col e le alone. e Joe had been brought up to the bust- "Now then, said Joe Western, Ido- All at once he was startled. he -was










to~htciw \^ aoor^ a?'ssur, and hee knew t^ ins*o and outso~ th omor obevn bn esrghr elforie thoelttlm e lssmehn le
When th master of the National school nes, d he knew It ins and outs thor- you seep It is foolery. If you held to the before him. She had eaten the bread,
desired to be particularly wthering In ougbly; when sigfL 3r had been tipsy, barofasal asitwentup, you'd be flung finished all the honey and she danced
his scm he named r in ful. At the oe a a o age w out im head over heels coming down, let go, and up to him on tip toe, singing
roll call, Trip was bappy when only !he Now be was dead, would womanage be dashed to pieces Is that sensed" Cherry ripe, cherry rie, acryn
initials of her Chrisian name were given without him. o "I see that." Flad I hfar ones,come and buy;











her.i "I shtb^ad^ *nl'"nl:dwt er Ee le^ Sttc eaed atdheat." Ful lteb wTprand faitr onscme anby
framed cromolitO~a~haoDth~wa oewa str o;e natrese frvedeso f co e', noathae sc w un bu.Molvr he "htae o on t d?
her. Joe wase so reserve, so roled, tha~~He "n l; re you satisfied Go." i e If so be you ask me where
eMeigy, by that perversity which nps ible n make mout e u ed hr had They do grow, I answer-There.
h ter zea t h pop Doe whoprosowed no wild oars. He sowed nothlng "I'in not satisfied yet. i must think; .She held up her red lips to him. l
pounded that preposterous hoax, Voox but the sweat of his brow. The man who perhaps yet it may be done. "You good old Joe. Thanks for the
popnui veox Dei")-that voice which in- had served his father-a reserved fellow, "How so?" sneeringly. o' honey. You. hall have a kiss."
evitably pronounces wrong, settled upon bandy and obliging, but not very sober- "I don't know. I must think." He drew up his full height, and stood
the nickname which bore the smallest re- left him. Then she ran a little Way, turned, cour- back.
semblnce ta Triptolema Yeoowleaf Red- The young cockerel Is well enough," tes ed with outspread skirts, laughed, and "No, little woman, they are too sweet
fein. First sporadically appeared the said he, bounr he don't crow. I can't get said- "Though you look cross, you are -all honey."
deinain "Litl Tup y an heI
designation, "Little Tu'peny" and then,I on With a chap who hasn't a word to' too floury to be bad. 'I forgive -ybu. dull She tossed her pretty head, pouted and
by degrees, it displaced every other nick- say." ,- Joe Miller." 0- turned away. p
n -ame, and throughout the district, even A case of conscience arose In theneigh- "If you won't have my chrries when
Wn the ball, she was known as "Little borhood. It was doubted whether It were C offered, you shall not have them when
upny"right to continue dealing with a miller you ask." .. .
Mrs. -Redfern was not the wisest of without a beard on his chin; but partly HOW SHE GOT A. wHISTLE. ""If you want to repay me," said ,Toe,
wome Sh ha pikedupssmaterng rom ndoenc an dilik ofchageand THREE days after this visit to the mill "go back to school, and you shall have as
ofingrahnd s wors, an ys ad a tlr of ran partly because there was no other mill Trip was again at the gate looking at it. much of my honeycomb at any time as'-
thigs henshewaslad's aidat henear, the old customers did not fulfill The wings were stationary, there was ab- you like.",
hall. She was superior to Dick, the their threat, of leaving, and Joe Western sltl ownd hr a o wrk"ayI?- ergod umr was back]
keeper, in being able to flourisht these soon acquired fresh customers--he gavefothmilrntemllTipkw agn. I'lskohr"
grand words, and talk of grand things. good measure. His hand did not go into tiadke htnwe iehd "n o, adJe loh'.Il
"- She found it against the grain to descend the hsg too often, or had not so big -acoefrbsvigadm sunghslf ietoeltleedipsmtigeseo
to the care of a poor man's cottage, and grasp ns that Of his father. Moreover, byteSeeo-al.S h pndted hnethnyadofrkse.A
she kept Dick awake to the fact teat, In he did not mix' inferior grain with the gate and went In, boldly crossed the y~u sat on the rail there I though'tyou
m arry-tg him, she had come down. She good sent him. : magic circle, and stepped up to thd+ a little bird, and a little bird must pipe."
kept, indeed her ltile parlor in splendor, Mrs. Western was a quiet old woman, wings. The clog was on. Even had it He took out his pocket knife and went
-with bugle mats, and antimacassars. and with. a great love for hereson, not un- breeze blown they would have only- to the e&ge of the dike, among the osiers.]
glass flower vases, and smartly hound mixed with fear. Even she thought it creaked and heaved a Utitle, but would Trip ran after him.
books on the table, and glazed and gilt was strange, unnatural for one of Joe's' not have swung about. Moreover, the '".What are you going to do?"
framed chromo lithographs on the walls; age tobe so taciturn, so resolved, socan- sails were reefed. The air, if it stirred, "I will show you. Exercise patienee."-
bt her kitcshen wrease most untidy band -Sesociablhed~ndlge.t- hejwould pass through the wings. They He seated himself on the bank, and
th mas h peprd o hr ubad hesoo erhedan igedt hrwere mere frames, she by him, watching his hands. In the
were nnconmlorlable, her pasties heavy, friends, "Joe isa good lad, good as gold, As Trip stood studying them Joe per- water, on the surface, were countless
her meat and potatoes overor underdone, without rice of any sort in him. He'll celved her. He was working in h white, yellow centered stars--the flowers
"-You see, Richard., my good fellow," never marry, that's certain, and a pity it garden. He was bent over his work, of the water plantain, dense as the stars
she arg-ued, "I never was, I thank Provi- is. He would nowhere find a young' hoeing or banking up potatoes. He saw. In the winter night sky. By the side was
-deuce, so low as- a kitchen maid, and I woman serious enough to sut. him, her from under the willows before the! a grove of glossy leaved stone cress, with
never was a cook. If you'd wear long They're aid giddy pates nowadays, broke into a spray "of red and yellow its blue flowers. A rat flopped into the '


dyke. There were plenty of them about,
and they had run through the grass from
all sides to the mill. Myriads of tadpoles
darted.
Joe shortened and peeled an osier, and
snicked it. Presently a whistle was com-
pleted, very clean, smooth, and neat.
"Will this last long?"' asked Trip.
"As long as you Uk- ke to keep it."
"And, if I whistle (, it, will you come
to meP
"If you need ma. g any time-really
need me-I will come unwhistled for. If
you think of flying, I will not come,
even if you do whistle."
[TO BE CONTINUED.]
4
Replies to a very Important
Question.
(From the Charleston Courier.)
At a social gathering some one pro-
posed this question: "What shall I
teach my daughter?" The following re-
plies were handed in: :
Teach her that one hundred cents
make a dollar.
Teach her how to arrange the parlor
and the'library.
Teach her to say "No" and mean it;
or "Yes" and stick to it.-I
Teach her how to wear a calico dress,
and to wear it like a queen.
Teach her how to sew on buttons,
darn stockings and mend gloves.
Teach her to dress for health and com-
fort as well as for appearance.
Teach her to cultivate flowers and to
keep the kitchen garden.
Teach her to make the neatest room
in the house.
Teach her to have nothing to do with
intemperate or dissolute young men.
Teach her that tight lacing is uncome-
ly as well as injurious to health.
Teach her to regard the morals and
habits, and not money, in selecting her
associates.
Teach her to observe the old rule: "A
place for everything- and everything in
its place."
Teach her that music, drawing and
painting are real accomplishments in the
home, and are not to be neglected if
there be time and money for their use.
Teach her the important truism:
"That themore she lives within her in-
come the more she will save,and tlhe
further she will get away from the poor-
house."
Teach her that a good, steady church-
going mechanic, farmer clerk or teacher
without a cent is worth more than forty
loafers or non-producers -in broadcloth.
' Teach her to embrace every opportu-
nity for reading, and to select such
books as will give her the most useful
and practical information, in order to
make the best progress in earlier, as well
as later home and school life.

Only a Tramp.
A dark December night-the- snow
-whirling fiercely round bleak ordersrs.
and drifting in long mounds into te-.
streets.
SAt ai cornes..wJir-rt,- tLe liggtRogm-w
Tamp (tfl"-upon"-him, -stands a ragged;
motionless figure bearing the-outlines'of
a man. His ragsflutter in the icy blasts,
tbe snow-faklak dd5roundzhim, drift-
ing about bis.feet'ah he stands- gazingt
into the u neurtained w i ddowi-o--fiheaE,
house, wbence come sweet s5li&fif.
m usic. -' =-
Within, a grate glowing with warmth
and light, richly upholstered furniture,
soft lights, and tha group about the
piano. White fingers flit across the keys
aud glad voices attune themselves to
full, rich chords-not the classic har-
monies of Handel' or Bach, -but the sim-
ple, touching "Rock of Ages."
The figure moves nearer, and as a sharp-
er blast sweeps round him, he shivers and
draws his rags more closely about him.
Out in the night, homeless in the piti-
less storm; but he is heedless of-it all as
memory carries him backward. Child-
hood, purity and love, the strains of mu-
sic, and he forgets what he has been.
"Rock of. Ages, cleft for me, -
Let me.hide myself in Thee."I'1___
And ont from the warmth and splendor
the words float to the listener in the wild
storm. He leans wearily against the
lamp-post, the wind rises into a shriek,
and dies away in a hollow moan, the
snowflakes whirling by, for a moment
flash diamond fires, but his senses seem
sunk in oblivion.., .--M
Suddenly, from out the bronze throat
of a great clock, jarring and discordant,
comes the stroke of 10.
Rousing from his reverie, ho draws his
worn hat over his eyes, and turns into
the dark street-going-whele ?
Vf-A tramp. Only a wretched outcast,
sick at heart with buffeting the storms
of life, weary of disappointments and
heartaches, drifting out toward the great
shores of Eternity, unknown, till at the
sound of the last trump he answers/at
the roll-call of the Resurrection.

Miss Cleveland's Motto.
Miss Rose Elizabeth Cleveland, who is
much interested in every phase of
woman's work, has kindly, furnished the
pupils of the Detroit School of Journaliem
with a motto which shall inspire them to
do good work. In a letter to the Direo-
;6r of the school, Mrs. M. L. Rayne, the -
lady says : ,
"I admire your enterprise and see in it ]
? great good to many. To suggest a "
notto to keep in sight of those good girls I
I am imagining you to be training into
systematic methods of journa'istio work 1
et me beg you to remind them" thus: J
'Gpod work is never wasted ; it brings
back to you the exact worth of what you
put into it. I is, therefore, the only
afe investment in the world."-Rose
E'lizabeth Cleveland.
t
- DFINITIONS.- Literati- People who t
tave failed in politics. t
Poet-A homeopathic eater. a
Strike-To go fishing. -
"Crook"-A purloiner;, a knave; an
alderman. i
Speech-Air, gas, vapor in'violent mo- r
ion. e
Tramp-A gentleman of leisure with- e
iuta e ommissariat.-Life. a


7-


GOVERNMENT SEEDS.
The Experience of a Humorist.


Last spring I thought I had struck
something rich-or rather that- some-
thing rich had struck me. TheAgri-
cultural Department at Washington sent
me a little package of garden seeds, etc.,
and requested me to farm a little for
recreation. '
The package contained a pint of
beans-called "the Senate," a few "Con-
gress potatoes," and a pint of corn,
whichh bore the Latin cognomen "vox
populi." Never baking farmed any in-
Latin, I lookedIn the dictionary and
redu,-Edd that namume to plain Euglish, so :.
that ti- corn could understand mue, and
I could understand the nature ot the
corn. I dis-oi'ered -that "vox populi"
meant "" the voice of the people;" but
when Malindifa" (she's my wife): asked for .
the'def.iuition. I was thinking about the
voice of the people having" such a
mighty poor ,how in the affairs of this '
government, and I told her it meant
"the voice 'of a stray tom cat in the
gloaming," or words to that effect in a
political sense.
I wrote a letterof thanks to the Agri-
cultural Department, and hinted that
there ought to be a small appropriation -
go with the seeds as a guarantee of good
faith, and to secure the tender care of
which garden seeds stand so. much-in ..
need. I remarked that the beans mimht
be lofty in their aspiration and would'
require poles, the -"Congres, potatoes"
might not adjourn in time to escape the
early frosts and would need a cover, and
the soil of Pennsylvania might, not ac-
knowledge the corn, and would need a
compost to boost it along. .. -
. To show: them that my request was .
not without a precedent, I quoted a few
instances where the Government had
presented railroads to capitalists, and
had thrown in land enough for cow pas-
ture and a new county- seat.
The answer came back short and
crisp, and very decidedly pointed: "You
must be crazy "
Melinda thought I could very easily
secure the appropriation, if it. only-re- .
quired little bit of crazmess.as she was
ready atany time to make affidavit that
I was crazy as a loon, but I told her thai
was asking too much. I am willing to
sigh for my country's good, and -cry for
it, and live to a ripe old age and die for. -.
it, but-Im not going to play-the crazy
dodge for its glory and honor. Thought
that the Agricultural Department was
asking too much, or else they had re-
vised the order-of things. I had always
labored under the impression that the
thing was altogether vice versa, "and
that the Government was the crazy
party when the appropriations were
.made'.
Then I too-,k off my coat and hat and
underclothes, and settled down to farm-
lingk7eaught a cold to cheer me up
-ad' keep my mind from running int
-politics, a.ndbe an. to turn over the rio
-siiJ" th.t1erd spade u-itil I ha
rooted up eugh ground to plant the/
ngreapb es."
Ip Itl.m with the eyes turned
uDward -_l itg from their!ane that


the cl)rn. 7
"The voice ofTe people" camede .
surface in a few days. and looked over- _-.
towards the potato'patch, and when-it i'_ -_
failed to see any signs of the rising "-Z'.
Congress, it changed its color froin a-
pale yellow to a !!vely green, and grew
up among thecut-worms and otherpo-
litical grubs, and gave promise of a fair
crop .. -
SI went out every day and smiled oveL
the patch, andsmashed a few cut-worms -
between my thumb and forefinger, and
drea-ned of an early green corn dance. -
One night thebeans came up, and sev-
eral cut-worms came up with each bean.
I supposed the cut-worm seed had-been
left on the ground from the last year's
crop. The cut-worms were too thick ;
for the beans- and corn, ahd- I began to
weed'out the worms. The worms -felt
a little crowded themselves, and began
to weed out the corn and beans. We
ran the work night and day. I went on
at.6 ain m., and quit at 6- p. m.,- and-the "
worms worked on the night tour, and
slept through the day. I. was working
for the glory and honor of my country,
and the worms were in the vegetable
business, because they hadn't learned.
any other trade.
One night the mooly cow broke, into
the garden and cleaned the patch. She
gobbled up "the voice of the people," .
and. ate the "Senate" for dessert. I
wanted to kill the cow, but Melinda : '
wouldn't let me. .
* After my corn and beans had come to -
a premature end, I turned my attention x -
to the potato patch-so did the cut-
worms. We were sadly disappointed.
They hadn't come up. Liketheir name-
sakes, they had failed to come to the
rescue of their country. Melinda said I
had thrown too much dirt In their eyes,
but I still believe the name killed them.
" Congress was a failure. My whole
spring's labor had made only one feed
for the cow. My mind was troubled.
-Melinda noticed this, and sent in her af-
fidavit that I had- complied with the
rules of the Governmen t and gone crazy,
buta p to this date no appropriation has
been sent. I still think the rules are vice
rersa.-Detroit Free Press. "
SA Disappointing Title.
"Here is a book mentioned in this
paper entitled'"Hints on Husbandry,'"
said Miss Smiggle; "I think I'll go down.
town.and buy mre a copy." Her brother,
to whom the remark was addressed,
smiled and said nothing. That evening
it the supper table he inquired : "Did
oou get the book you spoke of to-day,
iranda'?" Ye-es," was the somewhat
reluctant reply. "And how did youtt
n joy it?" -Well, 1 reckon it's a -good.
enough book, but the title is'kind o' dis- "
.ppointin'."-Merchant Traveler.





a>. -~. -~
- .;
* .5.


* -..o.. y


-I.


all-g-rde d t "-the au++if Someh'-I Iftret PoFort'yearpiw baz 1 losed1i-
fdf^c ^ '^ N Xtteht8"i dlhv erihrl.6f- ftMrh. .87"geed* ta oil-ed0Ws^mtewaiolturs~f pal ]e4olntYheketabl1iF'tilizeBa -Ato .thesyg1 "*^^^ ^.^ ^i-^
0bli' avrersejqt'ii g.. "i "a'-with iatrustb 'ho Is an'in / g d e

'iS^rey?- ..** : d h.o "w cainso fa .re ainwit Geea rJe supu ti th'. l 'wie+. ,rany.is, ,favore: i d by.--+,._ j. ..;..re- w--,- lorida Veg~etable ".Fertilizer:. .'fj~i- w *.I ^p^ N ^^ ^ ^^
e e6rs,-hhd:thenb fortj his atho0it -'. OFg, -rztb .ht a gar
Oarare sW0 q0.*ftbdk M- -ir,-a -Aol'0
fllow r s dD'tbren c r ep -- .* h 1; ?1. or. -. R_ r.E -h _..' ; _.t-BYSP. -f-lrad...,.'
fh*~ii,~4a~vooate4: ZeiliaeM. _
g0 '* -- iitl e ar.e an dthe osiporgent-y a! .s Me :ianpsy amon -the chiefs who findi ', L B ..r. .arnE ;-. l ............ t a tsr th an "o.2
d,i~dU.'?N:h, Jeb.din Florid-d. W SiiUi~~lahi -. '_:
_Msee aer M ,'..- te,-- ,o,. 1., -r_ RPM.. -:'."'Our .iAiyno IaI-little valag of a. Gre f d edo W lleisi -t h- .y -.- --' :' ** -- *^=-
dHar-fdhltes i t woulerd h sadeead .tm ot are-n,' dun' agampe hadt e ....o .r.v..agq. iot.redn i situ.LR. tYAR."r -, '- .eaGeB-io t
cg|^s^%4^itamtoe a..great -nforenceotwthsdls dreopleand bis tat was a tterd tledn80 miaes ifrom the water o Appa r We do-not hesitate tousayCo thevea e
,son 6- 6 f,'th6 te s-it o d ld haveC i"W hat f oly c n .h, chie'f 1887 flot hem; so, she; 6 .u me -romc, n e. a to -the veere' Oe t. [- -'
outandh flw d w lIot e a b- aladhen aBy. It has' a postadte tele- tabe t)E iorsaal cn
9. ? d 41 ,wl"--:3 saf' -ie 't o 'e d, to. made hiis w n -th ," war .e w .nt orashort ann: W e poa ma eeas not .ue. st i.r good ;sahouBl-d -ti n t-'d s ."... -. ,rAw ir
^ ^ ? L:.a4^ ? '"? 1 .. .. -to, i sp,.a qhise a o weo p i ho es h naeea, ehrhe a s ey a aga inedgrap h offi ce an d railroad ep oth re ea l n ot u sieeam roe e nr l ei ii 0# ,




n-no us S ffiytifiaeing-^ sogo &4 *A19vs-!
.nd- who, on "two ri tG aJ pgtio,"how.r oehra aso; tat Vt anlnu -. c -
6h-: tbF"'h ddt drination, b'frcing l m, answ r .r y tomove' "- -.er nl ws f r ,.
o % ?Xe"siat sl t,-u .until toendvolens'tad Ihe field ob astit.e. O re'e e t; n h f.Jun o t sam western dis, of the F. .-& N: rail- this Iertallzer. v... -. .-. c I /,. a asB
onser o th e atn -remtai un b s ro ad n "" POW
'_- o rangewga o :, ._ aahei 'or Jn nper,"w as -'his 's ribene- year, G n J rh.. d Y or t rqa dn Wi thi a ra n s of 2i or.1"4'im ea b w f sr a eTi W dapeRd 10 t n < '
yearA4d w o teherat e upr -1te -ta 'alounii ther i... '"- ""W I;0R5 'V L Z ;: :
.- '- v _,_ .sthe prtiet ealhet ocarmilnig.lan ':"~s-
-..-.-l.rtce lndso beare', and the haostimpo rtaner iwanf Mican oprb an dn te res-o e na diatesr nd terei. e t b t mi l F i. Mason, Fl .. -. -!j9
Lrga;A vaU ..- teed mo." Frewasvryab tlle Igt w asnd who had surrendered fur'temigration, -and t bes wter ho bne found ino the -h,... -:?a-
Ye.~ ~~ ." we sa xg.dfi, t
le,,%s-W- g vley- s ba the atdw. Hat twsveIsniano-wigen, and who had assem bled in cam e te Stter .t dii f the R r n .
tle-tofot a s.rran~ ead erS a o brayds a und a &ibtanhe ; y campJ PRAIRIE LEE -POULTRY !I =' MON e
t1oda War.h cowardlyo Snumber of seven undre, nhn fe. Thi ise a bl ssbertion bu f.act wilnYR, of bifetl
,State, is' 'pre y Jump0lheanie oEr asione pof s sitsdi' dr aut 1 or 14v m ie s ti uu
rp-g r ea in o r h d isb was ar teerw ards J ea ned t a sc ola po v e f on is tr h hav mad- 1, 0 Seffner, H, llsboro ngh Co., F' a.b lan
6"^ Athtieo te. xhneo lg but~r andacon *fthhaear iemboster importoaonnts hs h hllrtsan o o ijuethm.Bil Mason, ^.W" ACDINNPSB. JH
ugr4''d tacnO1 a-- ofe long coto th anI1n0pond
.- th Heaaesented seoerl, .e,: power in council wash sfo wonderful that C oh eh o e pu noto b- and o und i t
fmrl..?T e te ;he D- w e af r eforcoed ct ho at.at m tothe.camp oa sn ort tow a the acre without manure p C L, rr o .
-s menm t an, MooilA o 9 c w -oth la tio nan by tu redhats o f deathn, 55IR b h h corn wt u O S ingle comb Whhie LegEorns.a specflty p "n (te earliest.vanetya k
-oicedtheohief to folowthem; so, he, lands are equl ." a t "" nlone ar y e Chicks T tt s
20 em .ta.icwhi-lwnd,' -e. d6'e fth of eloJ uent man to" lv but not he alone, o 'but aor-n tr a ill the Indians in ay aape long ure stock). Eg*sor a at alt times; of an"g "
-l ." Lin-dte -oun -ry but o ade ine or shrcortn oTto n Wep e nc ake as aitc4 rJunae Ist. Wrlter orwbat you-want,.en-- ... i."e FB.SCA uded ,T.
Y b ..r d an lo tast i n Liteopnr es a d te ca" w many bushels of peanuts tio the acnt re aw cloi nrg tamp for reply. No hhlr bc co elars. t .
.ee. .har e .best elnm bathersta'o owne until Emathler began to direct affais as Ina erow months he was agami cap- the farms f Iroflls ca..fcr S- than a6ow re-or s .he .- l -t, tr
ad--a'toha n fetared, Micanopy' adver, Micanopy being still tnred, then ea caped, but finally surien te ag -i an thout imnu r tohe PES r i ea earl o,-,,pariter,
-w did, ', tlfo aai s evow erf loa y n ca lled, ch ief. dered agreeing to em migration w hen re : t i i e as mo to t e a e r H L n- cold layt w inter a as.the Or
Oil-' datisfacion eits Beside wathis ficnoyhad qd o "him. as in l osn wai gd grnas parsure
4, rt wre o etdeeWmaherine hat wbl only host 'from one tto two de ari PEAoIo *TREES; ADADPTED TOh FLORIDA, NOW vArE FRUITkp (J B-.









tim e t Pe tei o e be a ethewb rw n bost allc Gen ra Th m s n tBer i r t ?^z la gnds Fore equ ll we]Ia sipted tb so t long" pu eao d) Eggs'^,,,, ibr dale at* ^ d al times Chich, TQ EI [ per
i "r ib nt h e oe ho swa p man p I" but t o ;no t he^a is Iaand or shorod coitho t-a make as t erFoer o n t,.ecv,
S n T o anothe lsr valuable as sistant thisewas hise .AcA.
,-''-,argretho, irove asro waving, hief, servant, Abraham, a negro, who w ore "Florida Facts." perp acre for rent. So that gives s the -.ao pecply FI.
er 1 750 ree b cie- a hios; e ha thoseoa t rc e t o t e t h Ten weU u -tested vari et es ripening from Mar b w "
i Ci eflf ey otornoaau ot s;l "gn p advantage ti t H w onll iast Ocwber, with the exception of tah -m If
-aan, cntoled adviser, hirace belo ing s&Wto 'escaped, but R
u s, -a i ao fn l S. L R E. raising. Nloney and Peen-To vartt T e .ea es .. .
W.b-eqeat- o cts thesongater rtlls theIn d i ans; and they, strange as it may Zd toA Florda Farner ad frFul-t-wr.. Ily planfor ragiiv a uc hogs ie to sture P eAer tr NSE Y s-P. end "-or Catalogue, .
thnd ia e hi cpaliacterbeifg and cooal be aret, o seem, exercised great influence over othato and ci vated baon wtwchaat d I b orare- adaLtd b KEDNEY-& C
i .Ttt he rah e m ian d oreeng ean w gro their mastersoe th he influence o fhe l ne- article on "Fo rda Facts," in j to before, have arw Dgo pond the p y, an ar no er of vari eti adapted t t ..
-_-.~nig.Sneh osse pwru h ot n eotdec -ih thi"S aeeing n in mNwYrkoWucess anm a ofiwreld that 'scur n ltanted Ct eyeroth with whemich hare. bee erpmnta fo~rr *^r~d(~aLh~^) *
-s id-eltqelntchw' roes overo theind owners,- wasour in- our State s will Iendeavor jasdt good pond s past Te m r.I ao ottero arirey of Ao l p^o.

oe s a omwtle to-givea few and put enough cottonseed into it in oheies.osxwhich thare cultvated A, tce .- -.-.
Iqoidn 'ka n deednmos ter ren cas -kro Ite was two o
.'; _- a e d- .a by their adv tac thea Indians werte thi additional facts: It is -a drain fact inter to dote hogs all th spring ad totr e riato a-
m o cst Noted Indian Leaders governed, and, until the negroes agreed that there is a limit to ahe latitude in summer. As cotton seed only costs Fr -escripttre catalogue and iorpce-tist. ad- SAeE ..O..
Fmes were gea n c sa rvanta A t n a i nevr which oranges can be profitably cultia- from as to 10 cents per bushel and is good dress .P.RORNE,
ldianotge a pfe trso in tas n t ofo hg fear we smerin wte, it Ge Maryies ploridng foMay
e n:B, a Be b occasion of Dade's thi facl u goes "heedlesaly on to his is cheaper Bthan corn. The hull and the A t of Atbr WT te xcpftio of
B'B,'...i 'B.-SaIAO .h 'as acr the first gun own ruin," wy should he lay his fail-lint on seed are very injnrious to hogs O Leot Ia nd Pa tesI ,
Thesryof the massacre uresat other tan hils own door? Echo ut b being put in water the lint andF u l 11 1oL-rS
_i-" A he ti eo 'hecag fa seealpatter-Susednugreat, or AI/ogatovr, Seein in "b Noiok Wins n a~ s f euld erat vs clthem go d fo7osbth ye,,r s


oat ofthterrexhane hoffa but an account 'of the affair given by answers, why? Yet how often is ibis the hull rots and do not injure them. Boil- ay
Qcaste oFin8 asorender t good od for thogpastbute if



Indians, most-of whom w who took ta part in it, may Leon county, which is quite too far It has grown into a proverb about the --I
whoues f m the rrn g' St ates b o vf interest. FO L Nwrs wa i












W ^ Fr^ll~d*-*i-i,-; -^ -
4-e.fud 1ees sneighborin tates, our Stanorth for profitable o-range growing, certainty of the lands of Oscilla (not -a
.-e present soeve hoctrib o "Wehad, hr e hay n preparogh wanted ihe orange, and the coli Aucilla). Old farmers tell us that if Toro h e,- .
sm.k.:-h~~e.: Th Cremioek, Ecllhaee, Chcaw, frox'tise for moeethn madyear Thasmoug yelat heinter laid every treeloir. Had land is planted properly and cultivated Theinrges. gryower c-f teePat-s tha-on Curs-- PALAYKA,-FLA.'
ofll las t-g Buy doth other an avi B.h.
Chditioeal Seminole Talaate and prnia hadai been madee tol assmbl onigai aane riet b reE)nm n
Mickasuckee. the first of January, it was not to leave he planted times it will make an abundance fotues tree. 'w. ATHOMMPSON.t




The. org of th Mik uke ad tecutrbtt-igtfri. I Florida produces very fine varieties, og of corn. Their experience dateshback 40 Name tI~s paper. Sm~th-i;.le,Ga. Fnns earn-stocks, budded with hear -varieties.-_"
Ta. ahassees is obtteinctradition.nThey council bu tn -aght agreed ti a I the LeConte pear,,his'investment would orSuyears. As to the retentive power faut ,andowgns




-Tlhssi bthenftrsdtown.Terso blwaounlt this time.d tOusrk agentidat have beenua profitable one, and Florida of the soil, Ilwilistate that 40or45years LONER!rscedy ohihpnland.dtr~ aTntreespin c~arfly"
Ne-packed Note dnli dLhadrrd goered sappnn pointlia ad Sa ,




- seam to have been would have beenoa joy tt him, instead ago my father had a gin house in onelof SPECiAL LOW PRrE5 "N ltkinch in dameter, St cents eachOR OMper" t
th *odfd tohae mlrd as t n hna iperson muchs Fortot Kin had putd irons onmege our mener thGe4arF ousdand




dssa-tiesfactio a tnd tohae iantuioofeothed sch or asaing e was his fieond-h wou ld ofn ea torn, as it is to-day., his fields. It was used onlya few years, LEC.ONTrE AND KEIFFER PEAR TREEa,th1indtch in, diameter, 95 cents each;- $100 per" -. "-Z5 -'
'" .tbeshowevert they wereionot strog seetol him. eIt was determinend- thathewu Florida has a pleasant and equable but during that rin e considerable coSton FC:-r the SeaOno ,:4i,7. thousand..




i enough tmaevr, open weresi ostancandn shd atthac Ft Kingde ion ohadert climate. Many of our northern fruits seed was thrown around and rotted on Also Apples gratel on LeC,nte Rents. For 14 inch o diameter, 45 cents each; $1i pars
timenog to'ae Seioles becisamecte, moatreachGeneralcThompsonnthen ordetrn to -and vegetable.of all kinds can be grown the ground. For 85 vearseince thatspot catalogtue and prices, ad-dress ,h-i-u..and..
i;'te. theSemnole beamethe m astsracre Ge cnerlTopsonre then Bratgurn to e ate northerthn honies, aow dori Endho but nd a being p uthin aterdtil thout, andU ?TO on. th.,u tand .n KeifrGOE Pe ree'.."_.-.





".powerfful. tribe. -in, the territory, the W ahoo swamp and participate in the i th no he n c u is, a o gr n a d ofj n h s ben utv t d wt o t- a Proprietors Florida Nursery. Montireijo, ]Fla. Palar~ka, Fla. .-..:
-The origin oftheSemnoles, as far as assault meditated upon the soldiers coin- long-staple cotton. The citrus family singleyGar of rest, and this year it made
LItcnaerahisafolw:Ithinfoorrokatineoeteehas been raised there to some extent, a magnificent piece of corn." It lass not R A PALS!I NV SERIES. WSeL, co ['.,*
ye- 1750 a. Creekb. cief wh oowse namhe had reported thoksattwo companes where but never profitably, as it is beyond the beeh fertilized during all this time. .OA ?ESL
: w.s Sea1,50acfeeko accutef, shome quar- padreparing th towmach.Hepais detaied limit ofasuccessful orange culture. I had a small cabbage crop when the--"
'At the teof o excangeoffan account og of mrh.e afar gvetane b In South Florida the orange is one of great freeze of January came on. To RCcDJYDas oTrEi.
el leftCthe Creek nation, and cane to longer than we anticipated. The troops MANATEE, FLaRIDA.
Foida with many followers, ettlingin were three days on the march, and ourtmost pofitablecrops, and-although my surprise thecabbages were but little
nthe part of' te peninsula now called who we have a severe wint r nce i fifteen damaged, and there was a great demand Rare tropoats oirnamental and fiutt lants fP rR





open air culture in Florida. and for tae Norrh- V E,
fu A... chua." -.i aprahn t a thought it best to assail them; for or lwenyyears that ble us more or less forothem in February. I sold the cab- er(n greenhouse. Also, aluiltne,-f Sema-tropr. itS and 20 WasbsglonSrreer, '
damage, still nosling has yet proved so bages in February, planted the land in lord trees, plants and grass, .n- general nun-
Th successful here. Since the great influx Irish potatoes antd in April planted corn sery sr-ck adapted to Florida an- te Sruth.
E3oic .rn eni Y: AusanJi an tear Westg NEW iaOREr CIII.o t Pa





'Ind.anon his charater beliagpason conga-d beasafeplraeos ohf eetr mae to orst of Northern settlers many other between the rows. Dug potatoes in May, dndies, m nr of tle Wesnever bOfore introduced
hg Since he posese a poeru the post, and reported eahnih tfhei -W. W. ir P."N'
Tn-. h tori-nadg..eine rriheaospesotesd a npowbr the count, bute e a eight te f ruIts hae pro td some of wt.i-
.."Tlaasp is. "wstin au lqe tradition. Tphc ey c.-uncl itof..was agr eed. It wa uton-etrlen~arwc bida'rtobe iverys" ntmenb~rftabe wouldh or5pears. AI tod fine rop n tir powhler Nursery~aal oni!!l'P{;Jsn hir .._Th land. Tompeet carefullyta.,ne






,,....derstandthefacthathpo ssdreat teantio: to attack them on the third euine of growi tabl e Foriteand came verysnearly getting four crops ta mr i L 'aji ie p -e:






influene i iso thesamepicceof land, and as hheeland ceapeoe icnt FrrKig hd uuPrompt returns Inedere-i 2tencds on ape
Aoiee were genera I-t waevdol ewyas huad
diseitimesfiaegentrusio of other _' iaopv. pi ented it. On the arrivald.s being largely entered into, and every was-cow-penned it will be gTod for any ManEe Fris ct





,wongrasmheslivdiid thib Feiaaha of the"lat, ter, it was agreed ndtinthatt yea," wi nesses a gi-ea. increase in thus crop for 20 years to come.
diibcst ioweve, t w t s d ie o h .n teeV F ora p ic htr. ". .e .
an "un~co~mpromising.,- -: ~ P 'Iff 5-sceola,. aa-tbedfaorable maoment... T at a f oas in ther wa ofour seedo ourd thon, aodu and Ymott on .r Aple -. .
enough t hma'S-. oips m h -ase ..bcano v..,w tad n sid-und prognea wice oF rc om e noy one .rdr Mer chant's .se tiorn, I. r l r 6 ,thoui
-anyieitetdnsly6ps d Aaca altt ei rfailroands car e grw h rud o 5vasic btptU
time -' h Seion e bc ame t 110- rea.ch an enroached' the eold tu-ch forn'la uoui'. evety dbin Midae Florida, .erchant a.a.a r--
_i th oten lsooi % c ion' He adrsaedtt rdih where opening up ohe country. The' haaeer's Merchatit's -corn is usoually" r" Foi -c'"o'la. Pa'-,.F -






elho.,- -- riot tda Souhern has reached trhab in the tarrerrs th A .. and prc a i e
_stHarbor CoU Tectu farmily $1ng 00pear ofursht, wn hil eFaritmaer






h orisnin-sofe,,o-ad.f-'t.-,-sf .n the auua- coasm-ed and ouenspuon to soldu entsr aol Peachea Piums, Orssed t mo some e P Pe aiemenof Corh. Ie h- not
e 75 a s Creek chief,,w o ,S nsom e ot tbd r p tstlanded th ala e ..t co.mpanes weree li mit oft hlsureaadpssfu orwnge Fulrture l hor .r.t sm cabbag e
th ar-ofepeisuanw ale ee sappoahig he swadp.i7 Heilre we shal -no bcppoultuTree in antida antonrueNoth
.c .r~u#,w ,+=tuut. o r.o., l.w- e-- -yy ea .,i tha us mor or.. "le-ss for the in Febr ary I'. sold the cab: Ope n~w l '" ".-. -, "-' % "=. .'':*. '.--
Alan hJ, u--a. ; .' ,p,-,T thoughtm v itd+c baestir+_s..P :.. toYoe assail ,the._m;o ford ..ho l no" a .. ros- n hou"2.. 21S andan ..).) .....glo Street.[.,.


or'gimj t$htpteaJhf~qtutd _h 1""-Th' -. <-'eo~p

tb~d^on4 i 'Dper cj '< re *^ li~ is e zes:L- e cB ~q ;an9-bbanttld Fam r n M iea t^ Mpn '-r h ? -- -.ALA O*E EK CO. y'-W
______o^ ^y,' -^l^^^ -. -np~e. Adre -* *;P- -*---
OWi~o te t ga-'~c Upt.i~c
laie,--^-*--** .- os'cloe'ingthe moad-i~inaing sehie com t; on. w:DtibsOe a~ prited ioardiug butofe thouht itb woul rhettuer *-ei 'v -1 -. ..- p 4. .L.IWHEATLE7 t4,
n .th Whib .eaor.. i_ .the Cree. ...D,=.a" was po c d te ,r e..then froi th knew .-e-3 ,.- b" ..,e" UNION a was creep,-g a -. .. a gun )



bee -,.-'.H-aHws'' phsorgfae imtadbenhifredittima S o duswrd~, aond pinae bordng be-wuth thlought it would daledoterO \ emi DN- NnmUM cINHH
.-id i'oiabrealasbe ae asa fie nahre wh, Mica-t Houses can_ be_ rente at fiv dollars a' was+ -e r.a.e ntepi ng onarbbiet. with aril gun + ... ( .:



thegc ''.hl ation-aayof Thsoigntdhirc: badfe been aalthis friend a Taerea S uDsotnably complain that living in Florida "Why, Pat,.your gun has no lock and U\\.\1Il( A UMlbUNH bE
.wsthe Smolnation ,o whc Seco tweeson as allteodir were pondpposite, is higher than elsewhere. won't shoot." "Hush," said Pat, "the--- ---
Wa the fendFl r .d wa. 'rn fre bot etwe ent us ards the pondperhe a ps th No one person can ic-Il the whole story rabbit don't know that." tI-iiii.ivT h.'ive ord-r-. ,.. o-:rk .:irri~rn-igriiu.-r,ti mint, enabhfr iuf to marke PROMPT RETURNS.
Weni Floriate transferred thetwenty yaroiy Jupe gae the about Florida; each one has Is own So. more people know about ouraffairst.
Unit a"ed wa Saetlhe ndian stdeclare d.th at uwho -p. icaprredhen first rile, experience, and draws his own conclu- in Middle Fl:rida clan we think. Tse" "-XtenSiVe VaAiNtiOs for Repacking
a-,_d- ,4--;-- 't= ... .. e .dd )-R- Q -g _




the y ra sferwa not la wful: Thesp the signal aged up o, whe r l I n shon e accordinglEv sed. a lady who kn ow also that when we got rid of for itii p it. .-.r pr-mp itrr,.,o pkage iaL r



lards, they sa had fnvrossessed the din arosand, fred, wohich lai upon c there t o.day "Do you like Florida?" political Tuerul' in 1876 we should al7- SHIPPING QRANGES STRAWBERRIES AND VEGTRTFLS'
sol-wih a agftfo the. Gra the"gruuld, dead,.,;=,, mi thn.af.h. Sb p'etn u on' H d pivaebadn uth huh twuddtre



Spirit to there men, and witi heavy white men. The cannon was dischareedi e .Na the ae, How coul d I help it? It then have fleurned to the good old wa-s l..,, h-lr' l,"li n A r'id,11o) fKr BElIE AND1," (., iINTL E rt.
hearts the principal chiefs went to Pen- several timertont thbe rmen, who aded it life it rae." Another who had staid of cheap goods and cheap money. wuch Be-i .l.rt"l I.l'. ;iz: "' -i L H. r Paper,
sacotl for the purpose of -"having an in-.6 were shot down the moment heok" for a short time wit no percepble ben- as e had in ante-elum days; and our \V R R HARF



te. ew. or talk." with Genora Jack- cleared away; the balls passed far ove m eot, said, "No, the pine woods arc too country, insteadio decreasing in value Ci.rcrd rod en.,i- or appli,--u;.n. JACKSNiLLE Fx.
bson. He told them that he was glad to our heads.l The soldiers shouted anR1n e oe fc-r me. I want to he among my and population would have n leadil .. .. .. .... Jv-"
meet them as a friend. The hatchet was whooped, the oicer swore and shook is ne teat i ar away." increased in both.. h N M i ----
W~Nbh aFrlo cone can be content ber-e if his I hope that n the FLORDA FA oiMER AND -r r k Ir DT T, n t ,P



ied hoe sidha the to the "Ge yreat Foah e" ti swrw oa tse There.was.alittleaaeart is elsewhere. If you can bring FrtueGaOWEnI will meet with great suc- "NEW YORK & FLORIDA STEAMSHIP LINE.
dnid notwisha tohseei raisedfagee i He gi- et ave shoo ris sword Ab t th s-our dea1i ones wLth you, and can make cess. and I would be plea-ed to see everue TRI-LEELY SERW ICE BETWEEN
Fthen Sidtates the refugn e t clree in shatidiosa saidno. Are hearilg coulde hioot rsefandc themu aw beautiful home, body in Florida patronize it. I har NE-- YORK, FERNANDINA AND JACKSONVILLE-
Foriand musetrs n th t thlawny naet ion-t him. siposn were returnng tno theer [uhererie wll, yd hea be, snd hrd n complaints as -c-nt of unfairpia I' 1- bIaijii t I INI"




ardn c these ; t hatrunaa y slvess the s an a, ose iand ail w he e dea d, non such a home can he mas de here dealing by the business men of Jackson- a.. Ifret" 2 Wuoh 1 -'ll, rn Pnt i tr E. ,i., N .Y. .....r Tueday Thr- a
eituwrn o their olwnegrs, tanod tia the Id e dnce u p'din and soai then whit ,me with less expes then a the North; and pile Let them continue to deal justly sFRSM A ttor v L ,-r.-HERoK ,r, ornt SE.IO LE n0w e.ver' FRt DAY
d s ho- 'otbel oned It Foi would bea were bdte dng afrt wofloes.wJ-me




gathered tinge Aher in one p nation of the and mv self, with ten warriors. retured he pr ."sp a othr of h ap n b a pnd they ill build up a great city. tl-At FERN\NDiNA-liLti-lCil..-iE.Vn :,n }E t., err.U,' O ap, r.. C1T7
territory. When he hadfinished speak- As we approached we saw ne men he r pova ded he has enough to make a GREENILE, Madis-n Ceno., Fla. OFRATLATr ACITYD FECOLMBIA, BL eG DND pm
Tiuse Fr-an ari Pre-tned atyiuintu fire irisar La, ar napasdn nye
hig, o of the red: hit-hnd twoJgsplaced oneb oveain ot hek : goo d start. S n here ten rears w mtte a t. i-c frrend ele Futr ii iuo aivpr-i







people Jive. in towns where many thou- with the cannon a short distance of' and have given you the truth as I see jr, Mr. R. J. Broad, of WVelaka, Putnam LAHL.NCE. WAGNEI. Apr., Fr' *J A. LE.-tE, Agt-,
gy~~~~~~~~~~fi 69c [-l~, Fin. hi. -. cr Ban ynd Hogan.gnte ib albenhsfin t ana oFR\AD ,ADCOMSINHUE


tesands worktogel her on small ground ; This they discharged at te several we m e. and w ans, er at. iquries o n the county, says : "For the past two years I TEnd .. ...E. .Ir': .rg .. -. ... BL aO.
w th f Jder JP B e is hihe t'a e"l" ewhere won 't. sh o ." -s," s i Pa -,theuie #u4.uI' O [pll,).J IIt/)/NIJI- L







but theSem ole isa wld and scattered Nut we avoided cat by dodging ted ti s, su e so ae. e a6 ko used Williamsz ldark &h os High .. wr i- i gay,5. '. Ge nera Aentr BRO dwy N. Y.
bein th e nds PITIat Fo th t y Lake off siapC la yhC owynnrod
t peopl .as theSeinoIeswims the streams trees jut s ihey applied the nire. We Orl Bone Fertilizer for Orange Trees s .i F rOdIO T on hTa hi on S o R -a










.pitof game. and is like the whoop- us- They had guns, but no powder; Coleridge's Four Classes, faction and profit, and in using their |ROV COis nt SF. tn o ae Ty Eo a
ingcrard e thae make s its nest at night looked in the hoes afterwards and T he readers Coleridge has divided into g oods I believe I have received full value Hit i l'it'g P"n"e oI -'abri.- Cr'a-. "'r, go ra 'e t I. A
ifar rom the spot where it dashed th e found they were empty. When I got four clanses. He says: "The hrst class tor my money. I most heartily recoin | rd |- tlnttJitO ir MLay.etIN. orreit P.-OrdLe-.
dew irom th e grass and flowers in the inside the logpen there were three white of reader may e compared to an hour mend their fertilizers." p d. pr-ifiL ,-rSrtI, B E theEi N-5 T
morningmewen ai ve, whom te nroe s puto t glas to ruead Ain whobei asti fble hd san d : f it che o ow. Esq. of E a sce may.s V'O ri O I'ANr O O rACPSONVet






ra hundred p summers theSeminolen sdea atier a juco nverati n Eng lish. runsi a nda runs out a.nd leavesON oLt a s "TAhat d i tterS, t i.seO L ,w iA yF,
arri~or thasrsed undrt hes hae of hha i sg Thin ere wsho aow bra e ma mn t in thespen he vestige behNd. Ah sie wosaetcondcntrreemyhm Cl tark &Co' Oerean igeT e Fe~rtl-e PirnOrx Dosd 159 Jaesso urile Floida JC SO E B LAy I.


dive oa rnd th sn of ia h undr d wie wer uldino giv a t rhe ballsei ed fan r, ,hv e a pongec whihfaor mI ian be mrhng ie r and noany li a hasn usp ian egt itye
r~., t.I:d.It.\owNr,- IN--L EL.tARE ,, Et...Evr ODY, N.URSER IES!
gat Hers thar eri en n 'hise arets glsu to u pr cous. in toe awayirisrs asdt and re tur, nsoit ie ar eo am e state. incperind.e Madit b orh n- t"






tioint r dispute n his bounds. he brisa- s, then ran some distance up the allows all that is pure to pass away and n Th i Ad Ph-"t'.-' nFD:.-Ar ii TA -y.. ='r, E1 Ir u dn [h
did~~~. nrota hish to Frei Tree raisedte agrn Firea greatio thewh ho hssda h







.The chies wer the obliged toaccept the road but two Indians on horseback retains only the refuse and dregs.' The Groves. where Williams, ark &a Co' LAtFEN-E SVGT THr EK "F FEAIT H LERBESN
l"o.alk' of General Jackson, but their overtook him, who, afraid to approach, fourth class may be compared to the Oraug, e Tree Fertilizer has been uitd ar-e 'EW YR FN uAIN -rA Jth StOrVI.L.
dissatis action was apparent man tud, as s stood at a distance aoin d shot him down lae of Golconda, ho, casting aside all looking el. 1 ni R,.ay r a.
Mrs. Lng writes r this visit was the The firing had ceased, and all .wa that ies worthless, preserves only tie Let.tamStin CLARKE & C t PEEN-TO AND HONEr PEACHES A SPECIALTY .
....h bu be lomnoled to Floridan woulerd b ut wer abu dedin a ot of d od g 6r Jumehi r t he' prospect ofa. poo ma sGrce- adr Boh e FertdIXe for.*\- -,'Eng i.nrees p i. (














tery- oed tole.be ina-o nfel d ri hat wtae qa i wthen wit h r return ed to the swamp pure gemsl" It is to be feared that in T AI'--, .r e-rhr --ice -ari f Peahe. M i .k ife K cl.eV-Jr Plum Trs coo-
,. resound through o.. tia rom heart- about noon. Wa e left many negroes upon the present day th greatest number of egt aehi sg Co t -rsris- i f r t bud, takenhic e m reu rtree c-n R A place.
OF e A ju. iy ',an LU r ot KIeO Or M A-, e ,- r Peait .. Jp Prd into .


troes fa--or thenpot wproev iddedhed t he gound the wt Whe got four cla nes. Hesay f Theh classes o my m o mev. IheIt at reEEL. Madison C.,, Fla. ret,, arr a nt el'tle rl-sUi 10 any v rL n







rdereit y Three.he warriors we kiled and ive The amount eoead is something a- ipeySrher were threewne oJareadrr Mayibe herre tF iair nWhnuits, Parn." ", A ls
istoryng .may e called a chain of i- rounded, most fabulous, hut the results are con- ir te rciurei i: S-it Fd t R on nu >rr N aSp..trrir-- B- zckb. iric,, ec., i_. i. An (-,Ebaacn .i t.ock LrEL E.l e.io





ographies and in writing of the Semi- On the nest day news was brought paranively triulin u.-Es. I have used Bi-adley't Ortnsfe Tree Ct-,t.gu.?& fr-c "n '.pplcatoo tT
nole war, it seenst wor s ame reasons, that he troops a under C dinch ofre ap- e Ferii-zer fi. tn, yeats annd haeoh GLE L MA RY, .
lieo~k n he us f h nrdwi] ()i ogieu "he ezdn nd an d hae iesa p n you whi h e truh.ibe Isever. itm izer R.a any Bro ad. ofe inl a Pugtnv am's a:E Fla ,( Ar(c. Xr Yr BayEIE no 1"90








wen to do so by sketch n g the career rs preaching uin u ait of the Indians. A Poor Illustray tie ona taine. front: "it entire sifatien e. ALt CO.
of the d ian leais o that struggle, This report was true, and two days a- 'don t know how many gimes three trees have made uniform and rapid K1TI B S' LEiT R SO '
Shopping that e may no nbt en t i rely fail to terwards a battle took place on the times ten is? Now, Harry" said the growth, and they are fairly bending to IOTENO TrA FLRD SOT
dimartisfat thein skcs roe adee oas oof th Wtacoe, sthe r tear f Goth lfonaf bread ct'd 10 th ground withcame brigh hadsm frut U e bt ar tio for, the podti ofte rut an V GE
tha inte.rtes. w "hi is thir wde ng that the Indians wese forced to re- cents wouldn't three cost 80 cents?" I hare used many brands of fertilizers nr EoNg Nt Nod wevr mAyHe yrour mans or cnit, yo wl.
w s fothe lawful wher e of the m oles o ep y w ere ie m At thi Whe ampi wit r that" ges s: thr for a u r- my A .0.. 0BaeL.orlfur ther par tca rs t addres s 8t ,L.- P mTr,
dewfrooe e gasoanrfl wer ithwinidenh -ande threher theeenivtoheedegrmybcmpaed olnohurieng teirfetilzer."perect ioeu(I
m ord ered. T h ren a ie warr ors w e tl i le d andgo p ut- to -l e th eir. readin b eing asil, ' .: 6 t K e r ,n ,,the, sa nd : it'-,. G epon E .S o .E q ,o a t L k ,a y :r ` : : I_ _i T 1 0 V Per _i-on S. _g n n e












I,, '- ^ss
,- F -" : ." the S d'" a'. ag ch in Png ish runs Japath
warriory h as beca lledu e th shade of his wounded wamorv m ni h p n e stgfabehind. Au thec n re isu s are cor- ,l-rm Clr th CosO agrreaer.,fi,' .:dr FI,- r tii, P. 0 .-~~t.rp al,~re B oxkb~rr 15S., Jacksonvile.a a Forida,[ sto9 W.Bat .
lieog apki. and the writns of a thuded wein- O~dn o give nex : day seie d wan nin br. t pa tlve ly trifing .-. whc im ie vi3tig ie have an le, Bradey's- i rn eih yerees'l:gu?fo pha~nt
hoer hare ritseen s fo r -isom a rd easn s, p hat J h rosuniperr cosi.lokawyhi wrle, and, an reunFti ery h a e-me ertihzer f,-.ri t o yaand- tre e ob.ili G' I-J E:N ST R YNRS ER IES
:+of'the..bundiand b eadrs, wfithanneto qusrwi. thi 'oep bor w w ith itru and w o u day s A- "dont class how lie anjly bage, wihre elres., haA made~ aifor andrrapi Tree B E ST-e toEA L T H RE SORcudn Th
Liopngo dipteha.is baou nds."yat toewrdis teran Batrle ditopance up the allows althat is. pueow pasfaar y sand zh rwh n hyar arybnigt
;. impar tchiefs were oblied toaceptte road bankto the Inithansonee thorseslback te~thrif onlye eouaf an, dregdcs.' 10The g3round wiher Wiligh andsom Clruk t &S co's LAR E T ST0E OFTEl F PER CH& TOU3R EES
tha k ofnt e ne ral whi chn but thhrd e ir ovrto hima~o who, afrai tohe approach for-ti ch beenoio ou edit anregt.i
mg tht th Indans ere frcedtorecen s wo uldn't th e .ue d tos illen s" I have Treed manyl brans offriier T- you axeD- coig- 'naa n v ri 111.0 Stour e atso.odtoyuw
dissatsfactin was aouble regnt. ;iand tood r at. aw ditnegaride s ho beon ing do% nica slayv e of Golco ura. akerycastin asie dall luook ing Come s pt rde'.os sury e.eae ~ n ete rte ein
Mrs.h Longwrit esd of this veisit s np wasteTe fre lled cat hshed codpllie witaabae that iswothess thre~re fonl ah WILLAMS CLARHKE &L, PEN-Or ANDhe aricuar addEACHES. A- SPCILT'Y.:3
- nd...thres for rn o men and d chi ldrenal the n gr ouly nd lookrbgade this deadro es.o tr.-exa sSifting'lth `-s t f 016-lms Ad Sanford, )fL( .nla.if.r ,lch-Ph aa Pvui nln.Fg, F LORnAe.


v -


.. ILot