<%BANNER%>

UFPKY NEH LSTA



Florida farmer & fruit grower
ALL ISSUES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS MAP IT! PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055763/00003
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1887)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 3 v. : ill. ; 50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: C.H. Jones & Brother
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: October 5, 1887
Publication Date: 1887-1889
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 5, 1887)-v. 3, no. 3 (Jan. 16, 1889).
General Note: A.H. Curtiss, editor.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000454290
oclc - 11040152
notis - ACL6442
lccn - sn 95026760
System ID: UF00055763:00003
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

Full Text









= + a ; .': : - .' -, Y ~ :, ." -'










0 L. I-;-NO. 40, JACKSON VI LLE, FLA..-WEDNESDAY. OW.CTBER 5. 1887. PRICE $2 A YEAR.
i ,+i' -... -- .r



-. c w> -. --





o ._ -'-5=- ---"--- Yl---r -
"-" ;--_" "01








-. "---- '. .-T Previous to the freeze of'86 the Pinel d pite the rotting, months in this warehouse, and after ten. would cut and break up the sod. and leaves fall, his is the IHex ambigna.
; IniainO prahn- l Previousl tthad acquiredo8 quthe a fael .I entertain an increasingcon tem pt for daysa can be taken out and sbipped-46 cause .the plowing to be done much bet- Among the many other species, of Recx
So! i F d .or f an" tres? nd but -for that trogen, that is, the nitrogen offered to New York, .souh America or Europe n ter. W. P. HORNE. are bo lies, vaupons. cassenas, gal berries,
"-_ or s n~~tllf.or its mnango" tree, an bu-fo tha J un .n1mr1
-.- ... .. untoward event the mango would have u n commerce fertzersas ammonia, a perfect 6tate of preservat ion. .CLENNT, Fla., September ". 0 .9,. etc, This shrub is character'stc of our
BY J. O. NEAL, u. D. "m t cultivation extensively in at eighteen cents a pound. It is paying _.-_-- poorest lands while the marlberry men-
-- ]a m an e _______ -- -. .
n many ways our cliou mate ls a puzzle Southern-Florida.. Whether its popul- too dear tor the whistle. Evejrotber ,r, iup, DOT T F Answers to Inquilries, t toned above iso characteristicifthebest.
the new comer. The usual rules for il w revive or noty dependson the year a strawberry bed ought to be u..- GOAS.. -l "..... ..Ui.iE..
easing weather changes, that are of- weather in the future ut this and the plowed up anyhow, and a crop o cow a. ,
oJVOL. 1-- o 40.te s frCKoN1L E FL. WE N.A aCT BE R. IV.g PRIC h9A Y aRe



ue in the North, will A not applyThto e Mango. .oo.ai ,'s eti de can then btgrowu and turned un b. ffprtrved irn a f .trnino. wi.r deasires to know where Merinog I tte!h tram in .. an t .ebah we hae
Prfrida. For some erte ;e1- pavedbeen d "- rio der, which will-e.dow the land with In.n i .s wr ou anda ngte goats can be obtained. Presuming that referred to two otour coth'utors .iwg.
AnIndiatiFon sofe yaprs oaII hlar laseenicnsulaehad peaqouinrequte af fame R nora- anicesnctepho ascn etknotadsipd-bcus h lwn ob oemc et Am uong theany cther- spec ives of17
Selecting data, and now publish the mano and take We t From Pr. all the nitrogen it needs for the ensuing' Under Grass, Peas, etc. the t writer refers to Angora goats we ae request a.a s n.y w s give. re-
.clusions opiig others 'ill follow sor Wh e Gt nienng in Florida tio years, if it needs any a mt ll. I can [The following was Written at ou-r r- would recommend him to ad 'ess Dr. E. artles on the su ject e ot i qur.
SLthe tra cppi d.out. welearn that in 4on-etreeeightyea ts Reader," by private letter, if he re onse toa letter fromJ. B. E ,ddge, Aplachic.la, Fla. t LE Re. Vm .
th te e visileindications of an rld borea e000 e. angoes st PinSella desired, the full paricularsof an exper- Pof aiare countakin r adc RANULATED BeoNE. J. D. L a e as we can nr
the nkew coer.f The- usa rue for it6 wilrvvProdpnsonteya, srwer e ough tof be- Aounty, askiTn. tioor abovee is ararsti. the best.

reaching storm, re-Polar Bands, giv- From ths work we uoteasollowswith stable rnure on trawbr- on the uject :of pwing under pea- L.B. ., of Seffer, wihe to know stand from his letter, ha. been
u i n th'e-.No r da, wn a g.p The tree in its. uncultivated state is r an. v eand the ke. dag chain at- her he can obtain granulated bor Towr g g Scuppernong grape..uines f
florfida o oeys;Ihv been. cosdee prcriu nUrt ofh Cape. Io der, whccilhadthadwihTring gats hr ~ can beobtainei Presumaiing ha eferredatoiwnfougotibtr.w

: tirsbnn ae eauts rea ers, over ab es e sout their publiLcation I "b ""-6" "-" "" "+
lc bafinds, ar n cloud str large and tall. and where it has room for al te sitre i. n P.- tachment, we bare tried with noe bPtter poultry most convene ntly. We are in- one -original stock. Thejaiter and b
o ,emtsaoe theersb ivien follu fesrWinysGreigi Flrd twoi yersute, if tneedt~/s an tall.lIeban uld recommend hi to adres-r E- arice ,en th sujet of "ui-

Smiles above the earth often forming expanse asntheoutk tsof llaeesuled in ridiculous ilure. On satisfaction than .Mr. P. has met with'. In tlmel that Messr. Waterbouse6 Rus- te vines derived' from it are te ile,
ds etead ig,crs the sky. or ap- wide spreading like our hickory, wal- the other hand, the highest sue has Jacksonville stoes we nd no atrac- ell. of Orlando, deal in this article. As while the rest are e fruitful. .
S ra chen gly ra mag .rom a nspo ,t at tie nut or persimmon under similar cir- eet awit ta e t uon s re- ment especially designed for this purpose. to Locati.-n of nearest bone mill, we ht ar be the facts they are due -to..bcauses P 4
g, r, on-.tAimes the' whole sky will cumstances. The mango b htaen s n ca tr zers wbc cnne n The m plem-'et described I r. H rn there? it one at Ocala. If tl- s be 1i ve known to us. A vine derivTa'tJroio'ilr-.
sbecovered with tioad-Jke.clouhdus, or changed, however, in its halits of nitrogen whatever. applied liberallyton to h to do the work thoroughily.- would like tca hebat from one of our Ocaia wfod of a fruitfua vSeno g iel.-shouldrite -;
ffetlery p ne, torm g a 'rdakel'" wrhwtih br cutlvatio ani rt aic o fla- rtrawberries. And on the strength of w h et -d 'i ret de t ponternrnm ts oneratlons An fruitful; if derived from a sete.1dr migh'-
satifortngctiwtn tha -uliraio P.d has metra with.. In frmeade that Mesrnis Waterhtous ns-. i iesdrvd Aro dt are i strlb
e kieavtaliheearthofn form the oh er hand, thery hi est o sccss gddeal in tbis article.is Ansh whie the rttre very fruitful.' AI_
S d eY, iD-gPcros the s ,- nyin method af propagation. cutting this espen ence there will be a ec Ea Fsria Faroer wndn n Icel entraefthartice s unish- beether rutu r arre_. A.yba-
S r..a few lon, sareami rs a-highe-n'buV orn, peri mo nd, i o s deraill acreage here this seaunc to m t's.p. "I .. ...i g .. fr ts r po by. the lc-aYon rk Chemical Work. York, rea vine may be ha ue- to:.ifh
Sbanes ofheavy clothds Inallthese ic afu etcheo.r howaevr, io iharts itr o nie whtchtnomtaoen will lbe given. Atvouothrucs k h. wll g tyto putoulr -, vine woy graft in friuainfeiea rfi-' lvin'u-e

or. aTfgera' long ut of-e anmer drw 1. nin mto d of propagation cu g rth s e iene There wl be aphosph orel yi d cia t I v e a plow t ea ,- -, -, ". p e land d upag e d h fu*;\ -num.'g'.A.- t.'-^-
Shaiiks ;of bhevy loud. In thite` tietc., as tod which no nitrogen will begien At your reqvuest, I will triy t ut ordyhes tork Chmia works York, Catvinelmar Pe Muirfuls
al thes -h suita~ble for orchard or garden culture. -Pa


-8t6,e;vs rsd.AP edA a ith', 6re. only-" e o"r'' 'wich a ar f-' er- v" is nreferred in the form of a s u-nave grown ay s -nwitau FrALL tlmyr never c orwr,ni, c t obAou Eycmo.. Other. nq u' ies a on. f-orth
stances,' thetendency to fo.i. ".pat l. It 9 e, entire, lanceolate, leath- As to tie potash, the sulphate is the friend P. right on the pea vine-and grass .,.v H D C E .- ineo by gat ig fm' a- .':. v
t ofnsgrow ^Theclouae is werllmakd' -ei Ieg-es-. Auld large terminal panicles mt isugien hre phosrr pho ric acid can .nd whet complain that he SECOND N nEL in to iT e stumpiv e sc riobo-proess
._8 a'ii: _. of Jary; veof filowrseT pats s fu o f f Aa phorsipht .c dot fin a plow- that will turn pea .-- A offer f ro n XV. A. S. h as which hsve ben u d e a.
Tlregarold' met four or andoreab grass under when they if een fcorarder toiyou awbyemieshl. ustad iteeraps nm-.-astb-]e. of thry
186rV1spr: e -o a BO i' u_ e' ground int bonrm instad 'hspht to 'n a Ii aren jorarurnoyol.mil
: heu-werei rthe southowest-, and-at I p. o'ary,-- oe clle. ''' cu vd,.o, perphosphate aacidulated or dissolved him that I ave never seen a plow that G. H. K. ha. "high epine land and ,page. :-A `1.rn1jt '"
ru.gt'he appearance wa tlikean inmenso stl'*'' ..' '-., bone).. becau se it is more lasting in its ef- mwoul dothe work wellhen the vnes muck land" near Kis-dmme of Ctity and .-ar ag. Pe .' -;
San- .... o ..- u he cou te, -i- o r a itl fects and grass were very tale and thick. But wishes to plant strawberries. cabbage. C a. T r.'-,
-.fa~~ --b ) te.' O u_..he c ends white, 'P rb'''if.:i~ nP n ;'il fo'rm'a Littrlea lle o na ts~a brl=,ca)2a eP-+ 1o1n-~'r .ilfot -
*"t gfith rosei-edgsed wi Oth rbwn flattened-'h apex,.'apd.-f v.iu ,- Now. recurring to the action of lime, I you know it is part of roy religion never cauiidlovei'.c nions, celer-, lCuba tobacco Cotb-Tani pltoc rrtr `h
Sant-gay-.heromewraes -wereofsl' '- p bg to subjoin here two paragraphs fromr to say can't, when anything needs to he ac-a- nbris: wishes to kw i dif- to- The.Ui unde te n aeot niet.,
fiak 'esnech ia at vswire'adiaIorymo i a '' re, s oin "f t he f wing in repre idto^ti e:;s
itflakes; hi hing adn t e-aks ei mn cttng -' a Johnt 's Agricultural Chemisiry: .: done on. a farm. After working o7ld ba.o can he planted there. as i t llw .-e
fboilinag. teliks e'in oblne' caustic hydrate ofi lime is mo o therearth for w nearly fty seas- if-so in fctoy a r; if strawberries should be kouwn andeib.)aps mop..s,'auagleofur /
I' adeIoasoIih a simple a thing as grass cou II get away many 6tour, gro wing ftorir) lat
- groups, wih-t.h t qh o g-'ixis of each-at a, added to a -,oi q ic ammonia exists mp a thn a g gt w tilanted there according to Mr. Powers' na to g f ._. t:_ .
Siriglit augle to.t~h--4i"al'diiectio.. n ofH.d in this state of c fiJbination -with acid with .meaI heofild call nmself a very directions: and what valiedy of Irish A few years ago.-eter.lendei.ole
,Ito.ha.y Athnoon the.ext day thrffe.i. matter, itoaeizes up6n the acid wnd .sets poor tarminer. We,. here is the, beat potato he should ant. nursirymsn and seeda.manga.av g '.edea.

, \pa~ .^ ^ ^ m[ ^^ ^'; ^ -n~~e~[yb edeeF-m r\ -'",^ ^'^ ^^ ^ 66 '*I'ea. .h .E-. ,mme .....r . ion.- ,-'ogt ^ert .i6Uet -..ra ^ sida
1.. wasagale. troi,-sout.et One the amm onia tree This ml- does- with method l k.noIw, Our cyrrespondent's "nukland in tws plat very.extensielv.btoughot
'lt;ktdlew fronlhtCthe --r c ompl a,'-.. ." d'tive ilotfn essb. hsv'tefroit' Go to bore hammock and cut don a irtla coTnition,', if r r.ained the UninFisundertcenais cendotper"lfiet,
' west,; he the torm-eziothr e"'lU'th deil bo Iat_.'. -. .bisa ot a come in contact wibth;t large liveoak tire, that. will- make and the be, t ar his.. w-roe \ye are and. the tew name conlblfdrtrh the.
enerda I bu thirec in'heoi' all. 9td hr blds t e hefrom thllten to foutteach n nesc noaw r t pf-f0aalold aol plant o E eatrairdjuary repre ten .altO.naia.re as
Bands, a' firnt, apeAra nca in the poles ot Tthelieoillimttie roots of a _aeeter when the, eap hasateeon taej :bac.cd:has been tried in South Florida to'tn B tws theondisralpredtuctieaess.'d.Jgh-
o,' .a'..eright an-. -.tctthe.' e ni .. i n- .. t wholly i to he pan canureat. rtlit canitosen.u hSaw mioff four. a. n a hlf teet 1on-g.. hbut- ink, it nuid nOt. luceed unpl a-ean d .f ai gepsatoi before thtu f .
i?,'b.Theol..fy theh Bwndiinsdw ve'peo o- --,'. under gontir .l itoiner Changeb..y whi its a.vingbth nendos smoothat Hew itt and less in our bxce rpitdinalout milddsand at-aimet s akoie -
'-, ftRooain.estbsa T,' *ot' ;ougt' t) rate t kinds v--c.' 's ke -biihis agen cy1oftle -dllsor, fieh e gnt ih 'e toick.and h te o ar.s annus '.hch ar b. water- like a sponge. t t e ot- et pa'e), wa T cul^eu




:"^ -KM-bnjiCto Eair4'f-.djf i trenie but4) tweife r eh hoic nrimtroejwithydhe-ndred ofthe ixe." eight-wde uatwie abch ohl he itgti, ryus eflt Kmsmmmee i- -aiu -as. -u r r'-B sf~~vl n&o ^
,'% o B*nds2 + ... .... ^ ....- .,-S. .. 'ittitl'.i the o- P. 1 e Lne s p.eek the meedpun. nof an o pa





in'd $sui'i gi n i. th.44 ^ t wu^'^ ^ iiia ri Idiiii wiln boilnr init thwTBi''Fl 6f,?irc rit r nl f themnIla uthe"la~n d na hi ndhrmlnan u-m cr ehv i-crbeiTcd. n$eothsow hos.0 S ~ i
I., / ,.r qee = Bow .s'.... -. asTBbe o n. ....i -, ai^e s and so onen edge untblae- t -.. av etweei esof9 vnth ee toe k ve D earteiotm l -e d- .....re. P i.

th-^^^rfr 'Thd b edilc aoni than~ would oe'herwise be'thq, e; 'uo. The oe dnuniade bely 'in.pA- of- rAnhry@ n-ridatue.Tecm prethat sidletdo mntchie Noathen s and ln'...
4- foants -": t do s o h b t e rete bas r.m y r, r oi ce ed g. acl en of the bnan es i a, f csh mi ie. ra w w era ta t thed Stcnes nd. a, s r ths i a ouhto: s a hn_-
t-t L Qn the t amount decay oroiat'on ol h should ieoe ihfoe he y dpe i prient weo d svct ema, iun aknd o hcano be:eudofa -
nght,")a t.he .se, was t-t ..he ang:o,, ... -a brings aout in given time,' and j 'thea edge ione ande, h tlfirches.btweidhl a of.a the- bFadMR-: wLh-r spha gu B. is ifctovy crops out-de .of eeot-t, ownt-




S, ulgr ,r. ep st., Ma-.,. en' .wa n. 10 ,[,ne -.- ' ..... -t, .rom, -workig .out..,,.. -.a ... -, K .; FO,,T ,,ND.,.--ROW-.FOOtTi thrive upon it. ,- W .--ave -- -'.:I'...,.p;Ih, .:. "
B o l uwu ,s izes.the-betted rt ,ir being oe hind of compl pounds which oder Its J PutaI Gan dr e. is, to ktor te danwith--en Slttesand ith ltihrnia g e lfrta -
Bermuda, .~ la s .bu t .h h, a- ,teir., k te"d?.. and eat ig as.u.sta esined ',y- ,.' pI o, "" e "tn ,, ".- %". ',, .. i't ewi on aic cn nanitAade: fnabound a. ,., fa-" e _t;
li'phe at a distance ota gakoseegg. Ttis dva eralsoin b .f r organic matte ris-persunaded' .e and ar ou a u ing: or cultivate eion. By w. th e sd .reu .- ...,,-
O ao b5ii t pt rai a a un tme eo ec nd of roaler o bout anr-e os er pete e a
of- .,,,- :.les. '-"-- "- -. at ftrst-gr'eh-a~nd tlme paftlJ or wholly to-ferm. The amount, of-. nitrogenous b.'--'- t-h'l it fast -' -sphagnumi' e-mean the livid, purple -,Fo year an year -bfr the- w _
-The Poarism' of. the -Bads is illus-- of a dha- orange doe food placed within- teach-of -pants -by eoutssvmegood heaor-stiacpsoneanda moss wvhich- grow-sAn deepf mats and cat- il-et millegeneraly known..ro 'n
tnted .thus.: .:..... kinds- hvebeea com ar I to soaked -this agency ef lime will -ar the -hinalf icnes thick anh five. br-six in. es which- asorbs water like a pbponge. It South by this name, wa..as .cult
r olmt wththn'reo thesol with -wie, just wtdee eoggh tii ill the eight is vser, useft bons ivou i-an moreo orn i extensHirvelyie. fi
_-re :i-- I 3- t nearvitie' is said to be gdaft4 eonistency its condition asto dr iage.and-withi the t fc of time roler.,between.the" o B P rn-o uh e r es asa-so-
---i-- r"mt$ i '5 Na..''-m ". E oA r b lan .a ... so a' t ..e ea-'-.. wi+th. a :m reorle5 libe.ralH~l adskillful nma, nier H~,l. ~ ave tweortbre-'1effl:- Nblde. olspuncu'd TE."EEA LE PA H" -lt-isveryquestionable as to'
-. tr, en-- "uriE_ t, N pon. and o, l .g w ....'in fny -ce .i..any in which itis'fori med [" .re ea,4f blade, near thme thiak edge f\dr E.- W. A's morgetalk e peach" is a Henderson acted-honest y-
..re*s-,. Nher t..E fewe PoaW tBiaitn deliciousness orf'udvcr." Th A.- .. .. -5, pstreet nailinog-to tue strips. Put ,i one strp species of a(-indu$, hetsceen-the msuk- the see d of an old plant uw
pae-S t theie aie exceptiohns trim somed mano t:t-e blossoms in February writh LAw'ES _- nrst, then the blade,and nailthen anothe-r melon and cucumber. W hate referred, name of his own choose' .
uinknow I hay o o( To'pry of smalltree rised flrs ,ee pro- p -.... st-rip, ands onu-ntl althe blade have the specimens of vine to the Depaortment The millet requireslrich Iae. .
Pcflar^: B:'r.ds d u' ing the last_ toni years._-.- see~inbg- an .agj-eeahle -trrtrauce, --a ol -. be n put on.- Then b or'e an inch hole in. of "A griculture. They cam e perfectly m illets do. Itschief- value is as-i d '.
+ P.lar. .i -.. o Jointrong enough ht s.entl the-ir forsome The Allegretti Process with each end-of the iollei- atil put in an iron freshbymailina liapotatotat had been crop. It is rather, toocoarse- a plensst-o'
-- -- -- -, i .-B.. s ru."a...:e. Rain. -ici. distane.t Fruit bolt.- This should be "done before the scooped out as direct-ed in a recent, nhm- make-good hay. Stock of al- ..-knds.d .-
-, .e, Pan.. FBa fo e a Teomango +isirea adiy.pr'.p.gatd-^'" fi InSthe Oakland. al.i Enq irer we fivnd band ipt on Wedg the bol e-.l- CoCh.e-rThe- FAn (P--- -F--. thri-eru-on ar. he grefen-st-t a.nd.-.







^1rr..bt A ore, obser-a-ions0 ne'ded, u there nareoposie oinins e- he ollwin q C kee itfro wokin ou. Mke ome- coK'sF^o AN C^ W-F1OT thive ponit.We avefed'ii proA
e o"ar LtVt afflJu Aoa i.fe 1"01 nnteo I-eao~ ree inventio is in 4^=---- va ac^'to ^ ^
-JuBands.iil, Atlg_.. -N w' a N' en';f"' =.8 ',..."'. "a. t6 rene couragig account of thing simiar to apair of wagon hounds G.F.. .. wh to know" the.di ably and with the elgle-et satisfacnoffo :








-ept., ten Nre ot7 -ftet~or and' spering th~e- sedlng c:ranb trlue to" the dcaloeu.n ofThe AllgetiGreeFrtitpo nd togu to it to. mvork tw~obetwenad rw-ot r work stcseiehm ^ toc d on ave.'hywl
-* JanuarT had S .... t kin d -'and e is s tn by S t o k o e it-up Held of fot
... ...











- win d '' .-: .- -p hackerse ageou ars.. to which we madn a "l-usien to Both rer aunabe- intraoduced gras ac lenhh ,g epq-m
Oraot, e cen tha prdce ristog .Tsueoybad erslytnumthe:, -naturalu thisaroler acoss th rows, an"lbtar vrydffretin aperne cei ipyimne eett throw



T-dou bls upo a l e" pre tni- Abou tCh risl mta tint people nowlingutlgrasslvinesucorn stalks, cottonwThe cstrows somewhat lit past ted the ah'y-f-iom
wtt' .tou r con --m dy spplies t tha ItIN doRAWBnd dores nit- a Idr in San Ftncscowre as h to se e Every .e Frenott a aular, more, ar- .s tf ..... .
Jan parygce Io f t i P ar IB-"ailnd es Ja s r s e th- freen pr vegepars and h rapes ith al l c mlle t and has af treddish i Fer ristya ne -eih thof- t eJt or nine -
So o T a i ,o "- .ou t es r


J-clud a ses ..in J dh gre dte e to gie s frtiie ars.u n d v nt ur bloom, franid t ...see dadtop, -a .the.br on .hesofe laic ...av es i. ,t'iere ad veh s oot,- a -s. _n .tires =_rd
__,: . ...I _,, .. --p












5etcsr o e 1 u 5 .t s -tt rreoeoktig a o nonnipt out like-th spuiAiir-Go,:n a Nock's ftr.nedoot--tc- i i n fo and -e hate.
duin t ea u- th gf pan, of coefsect o her gsresn Kearuy an Icss ciwf-o imek ehB e rmua u nd poutomore -hftu lo otealned edy
t e e a r o fn toc ll- u anting manysoils whe re theandjicy.onaexhibition sncthe ewind t 'e can is turnetoundetedr an d ha s muc t k u di 0n e r h









season threul are teleri Poar Barrnds emr giaf-tte plammntle wi norrosucceed."b- stcoern twereewoesces iefriie. .. *. ..N ensaprino et-f. xe^,~^
pied arth thtltiander- o ofl promnene a oitehs: n dtteronstrre tose fruts attracted- s t and dis variede

grldoet attend a rud o noandae eehe roespe Noirat r thsr ern e moe dr thee fe

winte "twe oof.the- Treeshrised from sd p.udro- thatb hton d sevelra red showi that the ad il ofk thes st.-em li kes n thpetoensofaow'ldo& eaysw f -ortheblad-e -Sow t -
j- -T tr. aJa. hite rai.day tpoidirtsnhe Stl.d ued bfi ta practcaly gadie an d fuellye pr ese rhat ive agent eme whaotev e r .I twe ypr:- The sikf e'of the Eg yptian- ro- foota -peck- of se b a- iat. or a.lesse-
'i.'e FeexBad fo-..Itsasn no :equal inovaerya~t resect-to i-e fruit ofr the. it'mgh~ty be, wassingularlyipowerful in, ' , ." amcoutan inch longnu softa bistly'-ande -quantityr in-drills, asson as t 0ather
d bon mor b vaR ioroade13h -pare nenter a tcre. t p lm heetre s BTeing te atusl a y pr t whe a uI' r"l tge AA t 6fd- t ao n amil ... .. that .a e P.t.--
y .e ge et b ,eaue manue ilea s-e -ae stru"ture cap o -mosl in fos t .of te oa beoe wa Si n the aespon is f awen Ien -,
Set ablsh afeue r. at i s II- te c- patie in -.t. h -ft t but i'out t f -h-r .' _l -- romh- are ma u ongr me dis aits shoul be l tvat ed.... thro. "s
Autilit an ve e r g arpet om ( ar ond forui or-he oal e -lnz oew. n or -i d oa- wer one v: s -- -h-. -ou ieuus onr sucakmers toahe nm er Wn,
-sho dtte aei fof e sugPer .t.br.,. ,,.-. hosld doem o an others tpe no cuirty a the teton dis av y a eo cof AN 0 a"nn at --and comme'ti-nuen. vtogrow -;rE-
-Apri IsS t I eteefraeunie!e













-4 Band w --te t tst ormorth o f .m a a the semcae pro ath serious o ar Uw n derul "a mo unooly fgN los -t e -e te y.j. pp.:.h.."- .... 'c
Jemnuda cisanab c he n -t n wat of lim.oh0'bhe ore int haneeif weks. Al thampetuld be lernhied a-f it a-es in- soi f-ou-. Cinc dp t, S nsentam theBcrubofimens yof and tl4'po. Wiby-- fState


Thren i "a .gunarity of-ther d rectio of elThi wistu aary dne k i6n N eepa rat of t the a p ere as t d ic r ad u -p c "ie ---- -" .. -i, t .s-the a"-Pspecie s -o- 1 .', .,- a ny '" -tlu
wa d, taleaont of they ear v. ,ur and-ehn yeai' .. and-i Decmbe _the rodt ar g the. pre oi. All egretti a -ri F t t -vd.. w-e' b- nohi wb err tee- e d t4secteihi'. p.."e ,---.^. .. _'^:'
d ub hut ie ha ,at a itas a .... T-tvr a, str. flunc tr erneede isovsude dd t h- I benQ o eutao. a geu Ph eaai ibul.tiv o .- rn Faa. the O a -
thewFoiarnBand'dforacseson r -c a ptifu pp:. i weth Brk.ey arfru ar e-s to bohd ofit fa su nates astd tdae-r'mi years year' bfore h' a--,
sho thti f-u vearJl is Polar- thtdarid te month ofT Apil o~fr wile 11ce wihi 'e --n geoop bonterted'ip onto and a~lt& lMf ier y to-gowi tlier.w-












Tie frluiitsw o. ii glie, 8h )utec the -0 soil a;rrnow that pelvaentions a g Go itu r gai h Wicher'eari caehosberPre ". -b theland wel a;a' o-
"erBainds were mostlyi-rm NEV wl:iith aNVarouInd 'SThe AWBEith LANDmanre-ast to, stoe mded practcal" kinces on an e=a'grasC.rEiery ?iRarmeriulorid coryprentelt en pose.Tr-There.-.r -'" "- r 'I ar--am opaenawre
wt 0 y a m ..1i3thKbr thic opfves.Pe arel y o f
wuhen pac ticable, or wate h agency %At ablegritt (arn Fruit ahoorbd hate e e ta eorit .. os ,u
.Jauarvst hadicat one halt an V a rubh aNfoumnd velr advantageous. I Tr- e artment and Stheeeorag SxsemCoin- ,tuani everything elseho fiinw'that iebe ujutn idianud in' perennial. ri.-l,, cte brsa zI I-
wind~~ntupntnb h chic pliaty, with the~niainro storehous with Wety ~ol idta lotaytr-udrsc de sta ~-o&~ ons6ritr .













-ervations will confirm "yopinionI h vel '- bef u I to fpltseis co ta[ton S ee roain on _0
Takcn it al in ll. Ithinkfutni oh-ercy announc t-t 0c ar o'igpo' tr ne i e es itrceradcp shry hiltbp rt of-acd hophnSates.a hsow he
of-th Poa Bandf~ is thed LI -tAWE Y Lits. readyition astoread4 trae.aatvi kid 01e fand. --abrs Ever frmler. iewen, FLord they ..EreAL no tal popuar.Terer ''npnw
apperape gren fuit vegtabes ad oherjiersh-~hi~ld aveone ofihrese cutnollers.nh' s:eegtseisofI'uslsnfo id' o nr quatoa s tyu ran.I













Repryl to, -man JAd avo'td ot'-w Ni- ablre ortilus- liberal by the-weekio montain
-ML7f-8J sues ndctooaapihingsor Wn Ou gyo may ca-onesdtly epc













c, eloud masses in aln'es across the direc- Lren venter f this system, stated thathe had-ter that ison the land, and it saves the considers a "tap root" is an .a6rnde edye ro.t a efine
4:/ tion of the surfacgwind, so strongly re- Editor F+~'l- F'urd e andF.ouui-G,,-u,:.u.,. been experimenting with v-arious pro- trouble of cleaning offPcorn and cotton stem from an under-ground Muskt-b6 exppnse ofta;ve4 willbe
Assembles that of Elecbrical Poaiy"htYour correspondent, "'Reader," de es cesses for preserving green fruit for stalks, as i~t cuts them up so -li ht '-. ir/mOIA Kr '=. soon as". tbe.ov-s-e.' % k oved
Polarity, ta t t ? a- A .tu-TRO., cA, ..,-, .- sow the lan12d s in soldi plasnt -it wl.b
.,:there are manyv reasons for believing it ot-tl us atig new when he stats twenty-six years,and-hnad succeeded mn they can be turned under -and made~a W J. N. sedapo~iOnof aleaf-of- ain exoeilen~order for bhe4-Jlpl';f'i~~-=--
the result of electrical currents near the that lime mingled with nitrogenous sub- discover'ing this system. whose Succes~s fne fertili'zer. '- --', : sbu-hc.basa Bower lik o.-, n_ ," .. or. s .t.pgp ,.,_4Lc _.tton-r.in -:-.
earth. Fi..epebrstne"'il disegage the atom~hin has beendemonstrated to the fruitgrow- As it is agodd deal of trouble to get up- the..bt.... Thi is..the.. W2est- Indian +2 oor.--ietr-W; O:. B.tu,. ,if'-Lq~inai.:'
AR HtER, r, emjptts compouns and discharge it intO ers of t his Stnate. He was proud to say all th- sateteair and have these rotler's Awith Lf.i Flace..nmii, known-on o -thI e F-to& r fpe,- rinM entS ttoon -Sa L'.
: ,the atmosphei-. This fact is wellunder- that he had accomplished what,-the peo-- made,SI'will g eake.the propositib6.- .rp- Ia kney as "ch-erry" anoha t 3 i s f n the easternt- T- ml- q r -
-Mr. U. J. W white president of the St. stood by practical gardeners. I have pie have beenwishing for. T -b- tiventan ersns-agree 6 tke one each, coast "A g .raceltu It-y i pa eryect -" t oa Label f r v Pl an.t
, ,Johns and Halifax Saliroa~d, lishaving never had occasion~to employ limd here. The building in use at present is a I *11 g~ree t~ohave them tiade. I cadrdot h~anom-shrub or small, tree found "Al=bd,",hio wLOO. ~ltS.Pl-'tstnrbe:we-'the
prepai'ed a garden which wUl embrace because my ldnd hastbeen cleared some frame structure, capable of-storing-sodub say" exactly what they wi11 cost, allH ro h Halifax,, riverar_.o__and thsotf-,.+,_. A'bl+hc ei'el'yis rh.:etkngthin
tw o o aces pf Ian,. It ts intended to tim e and a-as lim ed at the outset. If I -fifty tons of fruit. The inner linm g of isbed, com plete, but thinkba)out thit yl' em coas t.to.th a ate river. h meny cak p_ It
-~~~~~~n bertoreZ thwI d, r ,er Aos oe.aa~e ie. ,e>















fer.tiliz i el and hav itso situated were prepare nga piece of new land for thetwalls is galvanized iron. The is dollars. I wtnt one mose eFand whenR Ae tlercs" -"are almost" .. nvaria -'" t- s veary mjkbin thersingan lip.
asto direct the attention of passengers strawberries,. I should do as all other no m dchinery used, and the only- thing have it fmade can let those know who int gall byaninseot.. i ty converted- g orI -
alightng from the.train at Ormond. growers do herewhosucceed.-Ishould viible is a large tank supposed "to con- msen wishetoget one. .-- .-Y "" :- sted'ueI;torn'wl untilt.re-thorongh
ue nuea lo to test the adaptability of apply, t he-lime as .soon as the aboi'iginal rain the chemical preparation. The ar- .This roller not oaly cuts everythingudp. so0UmtN W h.BBRR : ermeate_by.]t.-Once.Y.e~n5 dyed
Florid.aa =otl and show to the world what sod wasgsrffi ief -iotted, so that the rangernents are so madras togivsan finaod.tbe land, but also cuts, or-teal -- -.W. R.--W e wot id a t -
Florida can accomplish in the way of linacould- h owed inand, if I was even temperarure of thirty-fivd ddgrdee, the soil fout-inches deep, "ahimake&Lhe name to the shrub of grasyou sen s eatirtuip cla Tong
raisig vegetables and other produce r heated With my *bi-nf preparation lIThe atmosphere js drY, but decidedly plowing much easier afterwa nds7Cisspeimeb, as it is bistex specie aranc e. iha.-.ny metal
sCtoll seasons of the year. should'sprinkle the hitneo 'the sod a -chilly, Mi. A.egretdi says that fruit, think it w'uld be the very dfmf northern wnterbery, the r-ed- b sf sti l-. _
U r .-!... ...... ...-. .. Ja e re ar s ."h -i e ln of th --~.-s pear an gr p s w it al- m.l -let =. an has a re di h ge y b is l e g t of an k t_.. o, 'e- _. -or -..
".. . ." -'.- .-. .."=.. . . .4 2 s e e -o 7 "- b r n c e o f. ". -J s l." -- ". /.. -, "







FLORIDA FARMER AND FRIUT GROWER, OCTOBER 5,1887.


frhad and gadrn

STARTING BUDS.

Bending the Stocks Instead of
Cutting Them Off.
Editor Florida Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
The above is the heading of an article
appearing in the Florida Dispatch, of
September 12th, 1887-the description
of a process of which the writer says, "I
received letters patent upon this im-
proved method of treating budded trees
in 1887, and will briefly describe it as fol-
lows." This statement is a great sur-
prise and puzzle to me for the reasons
mentioned below:
For the past six years the attention of
every visitor to my small pet nursery-
trained and tended with my own
hands-has been drawn to the fact that
instead of cutting off the tops of my
seedlings after the buds had taken, I in-
variably bent them over, either fasten-
ing them to the ground with stakes or
tying them down by- a cord passed
around them and the stock below
the bud, a more simple and easier meth-
od than the "wire hook" described by
Mr. Gulick, the patenteee" above re-
ferred to, or, when the stock was too
large and heavy for bending, a slight cut
: was made about two feet above the bud,
just enough to accomplish the desired
bend, yet not check the flow of sap from
roots to top, which is the whole object
.---..of the bending. -
At this present writing, out of over one
hundred trees recently budded in my
*nursery, not one can be found whose top
is not "'bent over" instead of cut off.
Not only so, but the best tops are all
carefully so placed on the south and
west side of the stocks -as to shade the
buds from the heat'of the sun; also,
where the bud has reached the height of
eighteen inches or two feet, the top is
cut off level with the top- of the bud,
which.is then secured by a broad strap
passed around the two. This is what the
committee of the Florida Nurserymen's
Association, whom Mr. Gulick invites to
visit his nursery to inspect His method,
would find in mine, and in that of others
who have followed advice, given them
by me. both verbally and through our
State papers for the last five years.
Whale I can honestly say that this
bending over, in preference to the usually
received practice of cutting the top off
as soon as the bud bad taken, in order to
start it, originated with me from obser-
vation and know ledge of the laws that
govern the life of trees and the flow of
sap, I will also state that about two years
ago, after I had been bending over the
tops for four years. I saw an article in
the California Horticulturist which
proved that at least one Florida fruit
grower had been beforehand, or cc equal
with me. i make the latter proviso be-
cause I do not know the date of the
death .f thd gentleman alluded to. ,
__ Here'is an extract from the article in
The plan practiced by the late George
W. Atwood, of St. Augustine, Florida,
-, was as follows: After the bud in an
.f: upright tree had taken, the top of the
tree was carefully bent over to the
-" ground as close as practicable and fas-
tened there with a couple of small stakes
set crosswise, thus checking the growth
of the top, yet permitting the circulation
*- to flow in its natural channel to the ex-
>L tremityand returning between the bark
S'-,. and the tree to the bud set between the
S-- bk and-the tree, thus directly feeding
:the bud and-inducing a growth ten
times'a--great as if the old method had
been puinued, of cuttingoff the top after
Sthe bud had taken.
-And this is exactly the reasoning and
conclusion that I reached fully six years
ago, and reduced io practice, but I must
say that the idea of taking out "letters
patent" thereon never once occurred to
me. and I have freely talked, practically
illustrated and with voice and pen ad-
vised the abandonment of the barbarous
practice of cutting off the top, shocking
the tree and checking the flow of sap
which is so vital to the life of the bud.
I regret todisturbthe patenteeee," who
is '-willing togiveall nurserymen of this
State who applied a right to use this
Method free next year, to test it mer-
its," but the question arises, can any
person take up an old, already known
and advertised method of working, claim
it as a discovery of his own, take out a
patent on it and interfere with people
who have known and tested and told of
that method for years?
If that should be law then some- one
may as well take out a patent for carv-
Ing a chicken and call on every one else
to abandon his old time worn method, or
pay the patentee forallowing him to con-
tmnue treading the old route.
In conclusion, I will add that while I
do not personally know Mr. Gulick, I yet
fully believe that he claimed this "im-
proved method" as his own in good
faith; he should, however, have exam-
ined more carefully into the matter be-
fore making a claim which is so easily
proved' invalid.
HELEN HARCOURT.
MONTCLAIR; Fla., Sept. 20, 1887.

Advances in Horticulture.
Mr. J. L. Norman, the well-known
and successful horticulturist, of Marks-
Sville, La., says the New Orleans Times-
Democrat, is doing eminent service tc
the South by the cultivation and distri-
bution of certain Asiatic fruits, notably
plums and prunes. It goes without say-
ing that in Japan all sorts of fruits there
cultivated have attained the greatest
perfection. Thisis in a great measure
true of certain provinces in China.
The plum, of all other fruits imported
from these far-distant countries into the
South, seems to thrive the best." This it
the opinion expressed by our leading
horticulturists, among whom Mr, Nor
. man stands conspicuously in the front
r Among tbis gentleman's collection ol
Asiatic prunes and plums, which hav(
been shown, to be most hardy and pro
lific and best adapted to the extreme


4-i-...-^^ :;^l.*


South, we may note the Botan, the
Ogan, the Charbot, the Kelsey, which
has proven a great success in Georgia
and Florida;'the Botonkio, the Satsuma
blood plum, the Prunus Simoni-pro-
nounced in every way equal to the Blue
Damson, and especially adapted to this
section; the Kelsey prune, a great suc-
cess and favorite in Florida; the Yellow
Japan plum, egg-shaped, lately intro-
duced, and others.
Mr. Norman, as will be remembered,
was the originator of the Burke peach,
which is admitted to be the largest and
best peach in the world. He is now
making preparations to hybridize the
Asiatic with. the Chickasaw plum, and
expects thereby to originate a new and
distinct species. Among Mr. Norman's
ornamental trees, is one of the most
beautiful to be found in any country.
We allude to his Albinos China Umbrella,
which was originated at his Hillside
Nursery, in Avoyelles parish. Like the
parent tree, the Albinos has a large um-
brella-shaped head, but the foliage, in-
stead of being green, is of a deliciously
white, creamy color.
A twig of this tree, with the foliage
still upon it, recently received by us as a
specimen, has been the wonder and ad-
miration of ill who have :seen it. It
must present a most picturesque effect
when growing upon a green lawn. That
it will be eagerly sought for this fall,
we feel very sure. It is pronounced by
competent judges to be a perfect Albi-
nos, and .can be propagated by budding.
Specimens will be furnished by Mr. Nor-
man upon application.with stamped en-
velope. -

HEXAGONAL OR SQUARE?

Has the Septuary System any
Practical Advantages?.
Editor lforida Farmer and i_-uit-Grower:
When writing my objections to the
septuary arrangement of trees in a
grove, Iremembered that my esteemed
friend, Prof. Tousey, was partial to that
plan, hence am not surprised that he has"
taken up his keen lance in defense of t he
plan. He charges. me with doing his
favorite "scant justice," but as I did not
write in its favor, he could hardly ex
pect me to extol its merits. That was
left-for him, Mr. Parsons and others.
-am most willing to concede to the
septuary arrangement any advantage
over other plans that it may have, and it
appears theie are just three of them:
First, a greater number of trees to the
acre; Second. an equal apportionment
of the surface to each tree, etc.; Third,
more pleasing scenic effect. As to the
first, all the trees any acreof Florida soil
can support, no matter how well cul-
tivated and fertilized, can he secured in
the quarteruary arrangement, and each
tree have ample room. The second
-might be of some importance were all
the roots of each tree of t.bosame length,
like the spokes of a wheel, but any one
knows such is not the case. Leading
r.-'lt- 'ouI' '-'. t'' a^d ^r '.-#,f others i'n-
-search ot stood. so that all t hwe ya 1
either arrangement, will be completely
occupied by the time the grove reaches
what may be termed maturity.
Thd Professor is generous in not press-
ing the advantages of the second. Three
ways a septuary grove may be cultivated.
and evidently for the very good reason
that after the trees attain any considera-
ble size It wll be impracticable to culti-
vate them in those lines. If the trees be
but 25 feet apart, those second three ave-
nues will be but 1-2 feet wide, while at
the same distance in the quarternary ar-
rangement the diagonal avenues will be
lS feet wide, and will admit of successful
cultivation for many years. I will con-
cede, however, that perhaps not one com-
petent workman in ten will want to.cul-
tivate on the diagonal avenues of the
quartenary arrangement, because it is
much more satisfactory to run the lines
at right angles to or parallel with the
boundaries of the grove.
I have to acknowledge my indebted-
ness to Prof. Tousey for suggesting a (to
me) new force in grove 'cultivation,
namely, the "inspired mule," and the
septuary arrangement, it is to be pre-
suimed:, has the honor of first making this
new force necessity. Of its three equal
avenues, two will be diagonal to the
boundaries of the grove, so that two-
thirds of the cultivation will be on di-
agonal lines, hence arose the necessity
for the "inspired mule" and conveniences
for prompt, absolution at the end of each
"bout."
I fail to see the force of the Professor's
suggestion to dispense with the orange
trees altogether, for I was not consider-
ing a grove either all citrus or all any-
thing else. My previous article is clear
on this point. 'If the orangetrees in both
arrangements be 30) feet apart, "'volun-
teer" trees could be set in either case
between the orange trees and in the reg-
ular rows, thus making the distance 15
feet: the widest avenue left in the septu-
Sary plan would then be 26 feet, in the
quarternary plan 30 feet. It is true t'e
former would have the advantage of the
greater number of trees to the acre, the
latter of the greater space for the raising
of vegetables and foragecrops. It would
appear to depend upon a man's circum-
stances which arrangement would suit
him best, and we might here bear in
mind the very able teachings of the
FLORIDA FARMER .AND FRUIT-GROWER
about not putting all of our eggs in one
basket.
SSeventy or eighty trees to the acre are
sufficient for our ordinary pine land.
This being conceded, then I claim that if
Stwo groves be set out, one arranged in
septuary form, the other in quarternary,
San equal number of trees to the acre, the
soil, cultivation, etc., being the same,
Sthe proceeds from each grove at the end
Sof any term of yeais will be substantially
Identical, and that during their whole
lifetime the cultivation of the groves and
the raising of vegetables and other crops-
Sin the same can be more satisfactorily,
if not profitably carried out in the latter
f than in the former.
SThis seems to me to be a practical view
- of the matter, and I am willing to suL-
mit it to the vote of the fruit and vege-


table growers who read the FARaE
AND FRUIT-GROWER. If their verdict
be favorable to the above view of th
case, then Prof. Tousey is to "be read ou
of the noble army, etc.," but if adverse
why then of course he is to remain.
A. L. DUNCAN.
MILWAUKEE NURSERIES,
DUNEDIN, Fla., Sept. 18, 1887.
*
The Last Watermelon Season
The watermelon season of 1887 ha
closed, and all accounts appear to agre
that it has been the most successful oni
from productive and financial points o
view, that the Southern States have y
enjoyed. It is said that the crop of th
year .has been the biggest and mos
profitable in our history.
The development of the watermelo
industry is due very largely, almost ei
tirely, we might say, to the enterprise c
the transportation lines. During the bes
part of the season the more enterprisin
lines vie with each other in affordin
speedy transportation to the fruit, and it
distribution throughout the North an
West has beenreduced to somethinglik
a creditable system. Had this not bee
done, the crop would have been practi
call abandoned in the South before thi
and' the railroads would have lost th
large and presumably profitable busine
of hauling the thousands of carloads o
melons to market each year.
The system of distributing and market
ingthe watermelon crops, however, is n
yet perfect, and from the natureof thing
it is not likely to be very soon. There
have been several gluts in the leadit
markets during the season just pass
away, and the consequent losses to th
producers have amounted to thousand
of dollars. The demand, however, hi
been very great, and the indications thi
there would be little danger of ovre
production in the South if the fruit could
be grown and brought into market i
such a manner as to avoid disastrous
gluts at the very times when the be
melons are being hipped, and when tl
surest profits are naturally expected.
The statistics of the crop are not a
hand. but Georgia seems to lead, whi
closely after it come Florida. Alabam
and Mississippi. Texas is going a Ion
way towards supply rg the North wi-ste
cities, and Tennessee, North Carolin
and Virginia are producing largely fi
local consumption as well as for "shi
ment in the months ,:,f July and Augus
These States have the advantages :
nearness to the markets and consequent
cheaper transportation charges, but the
are offset to some extent by the con
paratively low prices that obtain who
their melons reach the consumers.
It requires experience, care and souu
di-cretion to raise merchantable melo
and to market them profitably. Novic
can easily lose money by going into tl
melon business, as many have discovery
to their sorrow. Thisis_true., however
of every crop, business and inauEtry. E
perience is the school in which we leai
wisdom, and few of up indeed acqui
Do

The Fruit Evaporating Busines
A writer for Popular Gardening-offe
these practical observations on an indu
try which has attained large propoctioc
in some of the States: t
The business of evaporating fruit h
come to stay. When, therefore, one
about to embark in it he should do so i
telligently. A first thing is to fin
among the many evaporators, one yo
will be pleased with; don't take an
man's word as to this. You have got
run it,.
Some talk of erecting a valuablebuil
ing for the business, others want noi
atall: both are wrong. Without a buil
ing, accommodations for preparing
handling and packing the fruit are lac
ing. With a valuable building, in ca
of fire your loss would be heavy, as i
insurance company will take ri ks on a
evaporator. So I say from experience
get up a handy building, put i an eva
orator that will do good wor', enough
of it. and that will be economical boe
in fuel and help.
Avoid any fruit evaporator witn
turn flue. Such do not act in accordan
with the the laws of pneumatics, au
need close attention or the fruit will
spoiled. I have found the upright- sha
more economical and convenient.
should be remembered that fruit, whi
fresh, will endure a high degree of he
without scalding or discoloration.
Two things are necessary inan eva
orator, heat and-ventilation. An eva
orator thati- p6brly ventilated will d
the fruit slow; with less heat .ind mo
cold air the product will be better and
greater quantity in a given time.
Never allow fruit to remain In ti
drier until it rattles on the trays, bett
throw it off quite moist and letit finii
up on the curing floor. If berries, e
pecially, if you wish a fine produce
empty off while quite moist, and ti
shape and size will be retained. Sui
will hardly show they have been dried
In fitting for market, the practice
man has learned he must put it out
the best possible condition for obtainii
the best price. See that your fruit
clean, the berries bright, the apples, etc
even in color. No man will attempt
put upon the market, berries that ha
grown upon young or low bushes wit
out first fanning and dipping them; th
will remove the sand and improve t
color.
Some wonder at the range of pric
quoted by commission men. Different
in quality accounts for this. If t
evaporating were rightly done, but fe
grades would be quoted in the mark
The evaporating business is fast becor
ing a science: any man who em1 arks
it thinking he knows it all at the sta
had better not attempt to compete wi
those long in the business. I have four
that there are A B C's to be learned
the business; they can be summed up
a few words: be careful; be clean,
honest, and with experience, you w
succeed. As for packages, a brigl
shapely package is best for any goods.
-Sponging in Key West is better.


R
!t-







as
ee
et





is
st

)n
n-
of
st
Ig


ke
an
i-
s,

of

It-
Ot


gs
re
ig
Ig
he
Is
as
at
r-
Id
in

ie
at
le
ua
ia
na
or
P:
St.
of
ly
se


en coolie and was given me by him. It mantown nurseri.. in a letter dated a I
was called by him by its Chinese name, March 5th,. writes: "I .am very much ir(
id which I have forgotten, but in trying to pleased with the FARMER AND FRUIT- w-i
ns describe the vine he said "punkee." GROWER. and shall read it regularly, Li-
es and "*Chinese pumpkin" it Las been which you know is-a high compliment plI
he called ever since. -- for an editor to paytean exchange;" alt
ed It. is a vegetable often weighing Hon. J. C. Pelot, ofanatee, whites as -k
L twenty-five pounds. has a.vine resem- follows: "I loot upon your pager as ,fj
x- -bling a cucumber vine: Bower like a one of the rmos valuable additions to ...
rn pumpkin, but only one-balf as large. our agricultural interests. It is "bly1`-
re The young fruit' is covered with stiff edited, practial.- directs attention to
grows older; when nte prant is nain development of our various inuusmes.
grown it has a thick covering of white and carries with ita spirit of energy and
S powder resembling dried whitewash, but enterprise that must address itself to ev-
rs--which rubs off easily when brushed- with ery searcher after information."
is- 'the hand. When the fruit is. ripe but Mr. L. H. Armstrong, of St. Nicholas,
ns very little of this white powder remains. Duval county, writes under date of Thi
It is a lightgreen solid color, and greatly April 26th: "THE FLORIDA FARMER AND h
as resembles a watermelon. 'The rind is FRUIT GROWER has far surpassed expec- pr
is as tender asa watermelon. When cooked stations. It sheds light on many obscure ,.
n- with sugar or molasses it tastes very pages in the book of Florida's possibii-
id much like watermelon preserves. Stew- ties in fruit, forage. live stock and in the
ou ed, and acids used, it makes a fair sub- development 6f her vast store of hidden
ny stitute for green coffee pie. resources." A .,
to They are prolific and have small white Mr. W. C. Plyley, of Orange Heights., '
seeds, which are placed in rows near the writes, under date of July -: "You can asd
d- middle of the fruit. The flesh isas white not imagine the solid comfort I get from
ne as cotton. Eaten with salt this vegeta- the sensible advice given in the FARMER
d- ble tastes very much like a raw cucum- AND FRUIT-GROWER in all matters per-
g, her. training to the farm, from your able
k- corps of contributors and the logical A
se HOW OUR PAPER IS REGARDED views of the editor. The paper isa God- ex
no send to the granger who is threading
SA Few of Many Expressions ot the labyrinthan ways of Florida farming
,a A Few of Manyand fruit growing."
p- Approval. r. P. C. Minnich, of Waldo, writes:
N Mr. R. J. Wright, of Tangerine, writes "The new paper is just what all engaged An
t as follows: -Your paper has more than i0 tilling the soil should have. We like ze
held its own, and is getting better every the style in which it is managed. Facts ee-
re- week. There is a freshness about it that and.n'ot boom talk is what is needed for
ce makes every number an agreeable sur- the advancement of Florida. h",
ud praise Mr. Percival Brewer, of lMonmouth, ke
be Ill, writes, under date April 9th: -
ift Mr.EzraA. Osborne, the owner of he wri under date of April9th: "
It immense cocoanut groves on LLthe south- think your paper the best agricultural T
Ie ern coast, writes from his home in New paperpublshed in the South."
t Jersey :* "The FARMER AJIND FRUIT- Mr. J. V. Dansby. of Pensacola, ex-
GROWER is ahead of any other paper I presses himself as foUows: The FAnrmR
have seen in showingus Northerners the AND FRUIT-GROWER is the best thing in
great agricultural advantages of Flor- its way I have seen. It is just the paper
S agriculture advantages o needed, and if you keep it up to the pres-
re idar. F. C. Crane, a booksellerand ut standard of excellence must become
re Mr. F. C. Cochrane, a bookseller and popular with the people. I can't see
a stationer of Palatka, writes, under date where you have left any room for im-
of June 1: "-Your FLORIDA FARMER AND provement." wW
he FRUIT GROWER is a perfect success. It Mr. J. R. Campbell, of Paisley, writes sp'
er is far ahead of anything of the kind in to-us as follows: -'Out of five papers I
sh the State, and every one interested in take, yours is the ouly one I read every aa
s- horticultureor agriculture should not be word of." re
't, without it." Mr. John A. Germond. of Keuka,
ite Capt. R. E. Rose, president of the St. writes, under date of July 5, as follows: co
ch Cloud Agricultural and Improvement *"I consider the FARMER AND FRUIT- It
I. Co., writes from Kissimmee, under GRowER the peer of any agricultural e'
-al date .of June 10th, as follows: '-The paper published in the South." pa
in FARMER continues to improve, and, as I Mrs. A. H. H., of Winnemisset, Fla.,
ng predicted, is becoming the standard ag- writes as follows: "We are new comers
is ricultural journal of the South." and have much to learn, and your paper
C., Mr. G M. Whetston, of Mikesville, is just what we hare wished for ever PI
to Columbia county, writes under date of since we arrived here.. 'Our Cosy Cor-
ve -August 30: "The FARMER AND FRUIT-- ner' contains just what every woman in
h- GROWER is the best journal of its kind in Florida ought to read, words of encour-
his the South. It is doing a good work agement and comfort to the homesick,
he toward advancing farming industry in eary,sH. ruggg sisterhood. te God
Fiorida." bless 'H. H.'-May she live to write Or
es F. S. Sprague, of Federal Point, any words of cheer. Her recipes, too,
cet MreS .Se p iui ou f o dlo Poi nt, are so well suited to Florida. As our TI
be expresses his opinion as follows: "I have resources in the country Ae limited.
,w taken agricultural and horticultural pa- souhey fill a large want."
et. pers for years, and unhesitatingly pro- W W D&whurst.of t. Augustine,
m nounce the FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUTT- r.itesof the FARMERAND ofSt.GROWER
i GROWER far superior to them all. You under date of July-13: "Its character is A
art need not entertain fears for its success.
SIts merits will in its way. Please send fore printed in Florida of its class and
nd me an extra copy to send to a friend in its am is so near what we have long C
in Michigan, who will probably wish to needed that I feel it a duty togiveitaid. G
in subscribe." The farmers and others holding the in-
le Mr. Irving Keck. of the Bowling Green terests of theStateabove private specula-
ill Land and Improvement Company, tion, must organize to control the Legis- sh
ht, writes under date of May 2d: "We Jature aud they need a newspaper to
Think THE FARMER AND FRLTT-GROWE' educate them and prepare to work out
the best. to be had for farmers in Flor- the subjects for legislation and secure
ida. We always get new ideas from it." unity f action."


FLORIDA


Fruit Evaporating in New York Mr. E. W. Amsden. of Ormobd-on-the-
B. J. Case, in a report on the develop- Halifax, wiites as follows: "I am tak-
ment of is industry in Western New ing ten papers on agricultural subjects,
:and if asked to surrender the FARMER-
York, says: AN- FRUIT-GROWER, I would tell them
A stranger traveling through the AN FRUITG nine, but leave me
northern part of Wayne county will be to take the other nine, but leave me
surprised with the number of evaporators of grace abe given dyou to continue the
that he will see. Five years agonearly g routocotinuethe
every farmer had his little "dry house," good work."
with a drying capacity of three to fifteen Rev. T. W. Moore, of Marion county,
bushels per-day. Now about every other writes: "I be] ieve your paper will do a
farmer has an evaporator, with a drying good work in disseminating new ideas in
capacity of from 40 to 300 bushels per regard to truit raising, farming, stock
day. raising, etc."
In order to operate these evaporators Mr. H. G. Daniels, of Amelia Island:
this last season we had to import apples -Judging from what I have seen of the
from other counties and other States. ,FARMER AsND FRDiT-GROWErR, it is the
We had shipped in from Yates county best agricultural paper published in the
about t10,000 bushels, and from Michigan South. I predict immense success for it.'
about 50,0i00 bushels, so that the aggre- Prof.S. N. Whitner, of the Agricul-
gated shipment of evaporated apples tuial College of Fi,.rida, writes asffol-
from Sodus Station up to the present' o --I can saV in all sincerity, it has.
time is about *2,0u0t,i.01) pounds. I exceeded my most sanguine expectations.
The other stations on the Rome and | Already it is without a peer in all the
Watertown road together have shipped South."
as many more, making in all about Mr Charl.s W. Stevens, of Orange
4 poundsof evaporated appleor county, writes: 'Your paper farex-
20 car loads. ceeds the hopes of the most sanguine
Comments on Recent Inquiries, in its good wbrk. It fills a want
Comments on Recent inquiries long felt in this part for a good ag-
BYAUS. ricultural paper. -Success,to you."'.
G. A. C.-The artilearticle on orange cul- Mr. R. A. Ward postmaster at Mala-
ture of '75 referred to, was very good for bar, writes: "I am delighted with the
its day, but twelve years have taught us FARMER AND FRir.G6ROWEBr, and rec-
many things pertaining to that industry I ormend it to all on account of its com-
in this ate, which experience alone I pt adaptation to the wants of this lat-
could teach. We consider Moore s thine best itude. : t the w thi a:
treatise on theorange. but wouldprefer oo dic. of Orngoe.P- a r
thae e weekly agricultural papers of the r of-1:.o in the Agricultural Col-
State to all the "venerable" works out writes must say that the FARMER
for in toeee papers we Ond the weekly AND L FRUtT-GRoWER is decidedly the best
records of all advancements made, an rubl atpern alreadythe indappearing in theater. I
ery year brings us nearer machine) the per- take them allaru can compare thei
fecti.in at which we ai i meritson nd predcton. ."They may be ully
good Z oldThe onwa ly Strub machines arwe Prof. L.tPhares the a eminent pro-
have ever seen isth a leverub ho aand a pair swfesor of bidology in the Agricultural ol-
of muscular ands and arms to wie itegMia of Mississippi, says in the SoCertainly
propelled by a strength of purpose that IL's Stock'.Jo,irnal:r-"His [the editor's]
makes every blowtle live an- vaouable papedong a already appearing in estabih-
kThe fomay llowinventg i commuibettercatachine thanirst nubeof ars are wulhiclling our expecta-
this, we would have to see it tetedion and perictiy neglect Th.ey may bper fully
before our faith could be shaken in the relied upn for conscientious correc-
Shave a neway. vegetable wmachichnes ar n mess ot statement annd progressive sientiuc,accur-
woserkedwithat I knoweve of and might answer- surelacy ofmust succeed.ail."
for palmWe call itto rotsChinee. pumpkin. Thoma. hwan, he editing frbed
Shr in 1 hin hMiami, Dade county., says : "( certainly
New Vegetable, you are doing a good work in establish-
A ewVgetaIng an enlightened and scientific system
The following ikcommunicated to the :if agriculture. which heretofure has
Southern Li%( Stock Journal by Linn,- been seriusly neglected. Your paper is
Tanner, of Cheneyville, La.: inviting in appearance. pure iu senti-
I have a new vegetable which no ment, and progressive in principle..and
seedsman that I knoww of has everadrer- surely must succeed."
tied. We call it Chinese puinpkin.--It IMr.'Thomas Meehan. Ihe distinguished
wns -r ,,u.ht he ;re in hit n tChnkines. horticulturist ,ni.ronrietor of the Ger-


DEVOTED TO THE


Farm,


Garden,

Orchard
ANDf


-.... AND .







-. H.CURTISS1,


EDITOR.

thise jo.irnal wdl have for ts leading:boject
e promor.:.n of rural indoarresui Florida, and
11 advocate especially a more diversuled and
terLsuve srieCm or arricalture and greater
onomy c( home resources.
Aiurming iiat tni agricuru-raladaptanons of
large p.:.rn:ion of Florida are as yet but imper-
ctrlv understood, a special aim o, tHb ioinumral
Ju be to describe the best results wuch have
ten accomplipbEd, with be exact method. em-
:.yed. and all influences affecting such results;
so toii, u.gctex-perunent, describe neworlittle
,owm crolse, fruil, -r., and record the progress
arioluJriM e in neigibo.nniatates.
rtamnii bcitJ I. b. first number arid ec:.-
nUUi!y tlr',ag teL- ,on fo 'lr r



Tree. Plafnt'6-
Wre wiU t.e a series or arbfdL~eTo fruita-othe -
an thbo e.o tho cirrus gronp---which have
moved most 6ucc'esafl in this State. Each va-
cry will be de.cnbed and .

Illustrated,
nd there w-ll be notes from perotia who have
ad expersrence iln its co.tvamTon. This wilt be-.
i)owed by a mundar series on -"
Forage Plants'

nd ornersubtjeers wadl be illustrated to a limited
ieni. :
Much attention will be devoted to

Live Stock
nd to the home producticonof forage and fertri-
r., two econ:onmlesi which are essential to sue,--
ssiul farming.
A due anmont ol space will be devoted to
usehold economy and to reports of the mar-
ts, and the departments of--.

ruck-Gardening,
Floriculture,
Poultry,
Veterinary
Practice, etc.

ll be contributed to uy persons who have made
ecialnes of those branches.
All portLons of the State will receive a doe
mount of attennon, and their interests will be
presented by able correspofidents.
Under no c'cumsntances will thisjoarnal be-
me the "organ ot any association or locality.
walil tart out untrammelled and will repre-
nt aU secnons and interests with absolunte n-
rtialiry.


published at Jacksonville on Wednesday
of each week.


PRICE OF SUBSCRIPTION:
we Year .....................;2 00
m Month" ...................... lo g0
ubee Months 0
SPECIMEN COPIES PREE.


Address sabacriprions and other business com-
lnicatins to .

H. JONES & BRO.,

Communications for the editorial department
onld be addressed to
A. H. CURTISS, Editor,
Jacksonville, Fla.


314


Hi





/




th,
W,
L[l
cTC


-AND--


r EI


; '1,,
^


Jl






ii-


FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, OCTOBER 5, 1887.


A NEW DEPARTURE NEEDED.

Florida's Best Resources Those
Most Neglected.
Editor Fl&rldS Farmer and Fruit-Grower.:
".If agriculture is not remunerative,
there is some mistake; what is it? The
trouble is not in the Southern climate,
soil or seasons." Thus spoke Goverjor
Gordon, of Georgia, at the recent-.*--
vention of Soutnern farmers at Atlanta.
Rarely is more solid sense put into so
few words. Mistakes bring misfortunes.
Wisdom demands that, we seek the
causes of failure, whether public or
personal.
One of the greatest mistakes ever madeL
in Florida was, many years ago, in notf
establishing an agricultural experiment
and analysis station, as almost every
other State has done. Florida stands
alone---sui generis-in her great charac-
teristics, and being settled by people
mostly ignorant of her semi-tropical
climate, she of all States most needed
such an instittitution to lead in the devel-
opment of her known and unknown re-
sources, and to protect her farmers from
frauds in fertilizers.
Another great mistake was made when
the Agricultural College was established
a few years ago, that it was not so con-
stituted that every farmer in the State
might become a student at home on his
farm, by reading monthly bulletins and
annual reports, into which science and
practice could be interwoven, thus mak-'
ing it a farmers' school as well as a col-
lege to turn out a few young men as
chemists, geologists, civil and mechani-
cal engineers, etc., only to become ex-
perts instead of working farmers. High
education tends to make fine gentlemen
instead of intelligent manual .workers,
to whom knowledge adds power. Now
we have an able corps of professors-no
fault with them-with a small band of
students shut up as if in a cloister, and
the institution is as silent to the farmers
as the Sphinx is -to the dwellers in the
valley of Egypt. '
A few weeks ago, in looking through
the State Capitol of Connecticut, at
Hartford, I got the Annual Report of the
Agricultural Station. It is a treasure ot
information, and the most perfect possi-
ble protection against frauds.
Another inexcusable mistake was, in
the last Legislature failing to digest and
ass a suitable law for using the whole
15,000 United States money for the ad-
vancement of practical agriculture. The
object, of the General Government was
to help the tillers of the soil, also to aid
the different States to introduce valuable
things adapted to their "respective con-
ditions. ,
THE ONE CROP DELUSION.
Turning from public to private life. a
S great mistake has been made in giving
up solid, useful farming for-the fascinat-
ing orange. of which we Lave made an
idol. We ha' -rI nd are rutting too
"-'- w 'rJveA. .,'- "
?-,:,-e, so much
0 ?in 11 .: I.p glut-
-,ro l"es3 destructi-ve,
isijured thle quality,
'y importations, mis-
id other .causes beyond
-, -. rieisifor a month
aLier the freeze aLuu ent despair to many
whose all wasin oranges. Now, with but
a middling crop in prospect, perplexity
seems the word that best describes the
present state of mind of very many
orange growers. For this crop, I do not
-Tully share in the general anxiety.
: Each year will bring an immense num-
ber of young trees into bearing, yet the
work of planting new groves continues-
the papers tell us-by hundreds and
thousands of acres. Now, a thousand
acres means 70,000 trees, which after ten
or twelve years ought to produce 1,000
oranges each, or 70,000,000 which. 150
to a box, makes over 450,000 boxes. To
indicate.how heavily the State is already
set, I will quote a single sentence from
a gentleman who migrated from Ver-
mont through Wisconsin, Illinois, Ohio
and Texas to find, 11 years ago. a haven
of health and content in Florida: "-We
have a beautiful, thriving town with a
population of about 1,000 of the better
cla-s of society, in the midst of over
4,000 acres of orange groves." If the
statement is correct, that district alone.
when in full" bearing, could almost sup-
ply the present consumption of the
country. .
Looking calmly over the case there
seems no escape from the conclusion
that orange culture is being tremen-
dously overdone. California is running
the same career. Her nurserymen, not
being able to supply the demand for
young trees, have drawn heavily on
Florida.
We have been running contrary to the
order of nature, which inexorably re-
quires diversified farming, and an even
balance between the animal and the
vegetable parts of it. We have been
beguiled out of our common sense by the
beautiful orange, because so perfectly
adapted to the soil, so easy of culture
and so prolitic ofde'icious fruit, and hbvn
imagined that the business could not be
overdone. Though low prices hence-
forth seem inevitable, yet 1 do not de-
spair, and if nothing worse happens than
bringing orange profits down to a level
with those of general farming, it will be
well. ,
I am aware that in writing this I may
awaken the wrath of some, and be called
an enemy of Florida, a discourage of
immigration. I may be an iconoclast,
S not an enemy, but a true friend, and I
am sure the thousands who have em-
barked large capital in orange groves will
coincide with me.
'IBE NEW AGRICULTURE.
Would I discourage immigration?
Certainly not. There is everything to
encourage it. The resources of Florida
beyond oranges are immense. It is a
goodly land, a sunny, comfortable land,
and I assert that Florida can feed, clothe
and sustain a denser rural population
than almost any other State. In my


opinion no other State offers greater in-
ducements to intelligent, practical farm-
ers, men f brawn and industry, men
with sound sense enough to not put all
their forces into one product, and to not
expect any more from Florida sand
without manure, than from the sandy
soil of New York, New Jersey. New
England, etc. Nowhere in the North.
nor anywhere else, can good crops be
made without thorough manuring, and
recent observations have led me to think
that very many farmers, especially in
New England, could make a better and
far easier living, and be vastly more com-
fortable in Florida. But it is surprising
how little is known of Florida in the
North generally. California scatters
tons of her literature;- Florida scarcely
any, This is another grand public mis-
take.
Florida land is cheap, easily cleared
and very easily worked. Its range of
products is very wide. It is fairly fer-
tile, and responds most generously to
fertilizers. The climate is genial and
the peop' average much less sickness
than in the North.
LIVE STOCK.
Another of the great mistakes of Flor-
idians has been in neglect of live stock,
which is the bed rock, the sine qua non
of success in farming. It is the- least
exhausting, the most enriching to the
land. What is butter, fat, starch, sugar,
but oxygen, hydrogen and carbon in
varied proportions, called carbohydrates,
without nitrogen or any of the mineral
elements, consequently there is no ex-
haustion of the e.oil in butter production.
It is also a curious fact that oil and its
relatives are of Lio value as fertiliz,-rs.
I he cattle, horses, hbeep. pigs. poultry,
etc., are of umost excellent quality when
fed with cultivated food. The native
cows are gentle, hardy and che.ip. Cross-
ing them with the best breeds for beef,
milk and butter, in a few years makes
their progeny almost thoroughbreds.
I In regard to manure it is estimated
that fully 80 per cent. of the cost of their
food is given back to the farmer in the
best of manure, if he will but save it.
--THREE CROPS OF HAY A YEAR.
Crab grass, cow peas and oats make
large crops of the best hay. and a crop of
each can be taken off the same land in a
year. My plan is to fertilize the land and
sow rust-proof oats in October, which
can be cut for hay early in the spring.
As soon as the oats are off, fertilize and
sow cow peas, which are to be cut nd
cured before the rainy season. In July
fertilize, plow and harrow and leave the
laud for crab grass to grow during the
rainy season and be ready for the scythe
when that is over. Here we have three
crops of hay yielding six tons or moreof
unsurpassed hay to. an acre. This rota-
tion is timed to avoid having to cure the
bay during the rainy season, and I he-
lieve each is bent suited to the time of
year stated. TheJand is to be fertilized
for eachicrop with tinyavd manure, or
in Disabtence witti a hundred pounds or
more each of cotton seed meal, acid
phosphate and- kainiri. ousting $3 or less
for each e.op. The stubb)pand roots of
eaach Lcrop, ,l.,w d in.-M-i. .. lg -.
tdeeat-.g c'op'a large amount o' ftertilizing
vegetable matter for humus, etc.
An old Wisconsin farmer in Florida
told me that a rod of green-corn stalks
would feed a milch cow a day. He fer-
tilized with stable manure. Rows or
drills three feet apart make 8510 rods in
an acre. The other fodder crops are too
numerous and well known to need men-
ion.
SOILINO.
On Northern dairy farms the proportion
of land to cows is 4 to 7 acres tb one cow.
We can see from the above how little
land is needed in Florida to furnish green
fodder during the growing season of
three-fourths of the year. and how easy
it is to raise the hay for the other fourth.
The cattle are to be kepL in sheds and al-
lowed a yard for air and exercise, so ar-
ranged that the precipus manure can all
be gathered up and stored. C n the other
hand, if pasture, the grass is trampled
down and the manure, exposed to sun,
rain and- dew, is nearly all lost. The
economy and profit of soiling are man-
ifest.
Evergreen sweet corn is the best for
soiling. The American Agriculturist
says **It is the most prolific and nutri-
tious. It has yielded 24 to 40 tons of
green and 5 to S tons of cured 'fodder.
It requires rich land and good cultiva-
tion -to make this yield, but on poor
land, helped by artificial fertilizers, a
very profitable yield can be made. In'
such 'case a poor sandy ,farm, badly
run down, produced 24 tons of ever-
green sweet corn, with 600 pounds of
a special corn manure, to the acre."
Fodder corn should never be sown
broadcast. It makes a rank watery fod-
der, with little nutriment When grown
in rows 3 feet apart, and with 4 to 6
seeds dropped 18 inches apart, the fod-
der is entirely different. It is green,
mature and full of sweetness, and a
large proportion of the stalks will have
ears in the roasting stage. Over 10,0001
earn of corn per acre, fit for market,
have been taken from a crop uf evergreen
sweet corn.
"The crop is cultivated precisely as
field corn, and the time for cutting for .
dry fodder is when the ears are in the
milk. When fed green the stalks are
cut up in a fodder cutter with the ears,
and makes a valuable food for butter
making cows."
A dairyman says: "The yield of the
cows has been brought up from 5 to
10 pounds of butter per week by means
of soiling." Auother says: "South-
ern sweet corn planted early in the sea-
son makes the largest crop of forage.
Later in the season, Stowell's evergreen
is best."
All things considered, Florida with
her long growing season an4 mild cli-
mate cau probably sustain a much larger
number of cattle than the North can on
the same number of acres.
RAIN.
Florida can be made more than self-
sustaining in corn. Ex-Governor Drew
raised 130 bushels to the acre. He fer-


utilized heavily, but it paid. Kaffir corn
and amber cane give paying crops of
good grain. Rye and oats have been
found to yield well. Some experiments
with wheat have been encouraging.
Italy, Egypt and India are great wheat
producers. why not Florida ? We may not
yet have the right seed, nor the proper
methods, but we shall.
FRUIT, VEGETABLES AND FISH.
Besides the orange, peaches,- pears.
plums, persimmons. grapes. figs, etc.,
are sure, and most of them bear trans-
portation without refrigeration. The
soil of Florida seems to improve almost
every kind of fruit. The berry frui'sare
nearly all siccedful.' All staple vegeta-
bles are raised in profitable abundance,
and the waters abound in fish and
oysters.
In conclusion, with such an array of
products can an industrious man fail to
live in luxury as to food, or of money
crops for other necessaries? If orange
culture is being overdone, there is a
remedy, and none need despair, none
need be hindered from coming. Let the
orange growers tack ship and take a new
departure. Do not neglect the orange.
but diversify the farming and all will
be well.
FAIR FLORIDA. .
Florida is wonderful in climate. I
meet Northern people here who spend
their winters there, and I find them full
of enthusiasm. Winter tourists are
charmed, but the summers are far
pleasanter; bright, even, breezy by day,
and cool at night. The air is balm.
The Floridian may well say, "The
lines have fallento me in pleasant, places;
yea I have a goodly, heritage."
L. H. ARMSTt1ONO.
OCEAN GROVE, N. J.

Crops After Peas.
A South Carolina farmer writes to the
Southern Cultivator: After taking off
the vines-which make excellent hay,
capable of keeping stock fat with the
addition of a very small quantity of corn
-the land is left in good condition. The
roots have broken and mulched the soil
to a great depth, while the growing crop
has shaded the ground, which, with its
attendant conditions, is the best part of
the results of pea culture.- Three pecks
to one bushel of Life Preserver peas is
best for hay-making, because the crab
grass will then race with the vines and
make a good mixture, which shortens
the time of good curing. Mowu in the
morning after the dew is off, raked into
winrovs the same evening or the
next day, and put into cocks the second
evening, it will be ready for housing on
the third day. To insure perfect safety
posts might be arranged for inserting
bars as the hay is stored, which will
give air p'issages through the hay. Dry
fodder.or straw may be interlaid instead
of tlie bars (which may benefit all
around. I-
Fine crops of oatEor rye may begrown
after peas, without additionof fertilizers.
I know of a patch of rye following peas,
that was grazed all winter and till April,
and then made the best crop of rye. I
ev.k.er- T- Anf p wt djwjg peas nafa
the advantage-of a considerable applica-
tion of fertilizer.
My first observation of pea culture as
a benefit to land occurred the second
year of my experience. Not having
enough peas-about two acres of corn
were without a pea crop-that fall I
sowed oats, using about seventy-five
pounds of guano per acre. Where the
peas had grown the year before I gath-
ered twenty to forty bushels of oats,
while the oats after corn alone were
hardly stout enough to be cradled.
In a certain field, which was partly in
corn and peas and partly in oats last
year, and which is now in cotton without
fertilizer, the difference in appearance of
the plant is the difference of a moderate
application of fertilizer in favoriof the
peas. About 250 pounds of ash element
is excellent for peas sown after small
grain in June.
.' *
Value of the Rye Crop.
There is a diversity of opinion as to
the value of rye. Some praise it, some
think it of doubtful value. The fact is
that few Southern farmers sow rye, and
the majority of them know little of the
crop from practical experience.
The editor of this paper sowed four or
five acres in rye last fall, his first expe-
rience with this crop. He intended to
fence the rye off to itself, but did not
carry out his original purpose, and fifty
or sixty head of cattle grazed upon it
and trampled over it all fall and winter,
.and at times the rye would seem to be
entirely exterminated. But it was not
exterminated, and every warm spell it
put forth its green blades and the stock
would bite them off into the very
earth. Late in the spring the cattle
were taken out of the field and the rye
put up beautifully and we harvested a
fair crop of grain (had no means of
threshing and so have it on hand yet
and will feed this winter with the hay).
The land was poor-too poor to grow a
good pea crop. We know of' no crop
that would have produced so well on
such poor land.
We learn from this experience that
rye will grow and furnish a considerable
amount of winter grazing, and wheu
the stock are taken off late in the spring,
will produce a fair crop of straw and
seed, and this on poor land. We leirn
further that no grain or grass will stand
so severe tramping and continual graz-
ing during the winter when green herb-
age is so scarce.-Southern Live Stock
Journal.


Why Small Farmers Prosper.
We have often had occasion to call
attention to the fact that those we are
accustomed to call "small farmers" are
generally the most prosperous people in
the South. They are not so because
email farms and very limited operations
are in themselves best, but because these
farmers are working in harmony with
circumstances. They have accepted the
Situation, and put their own hands to the
plow. Having small capital, and often
very limited knowledge and skill, they
go safely as they see the way clearly be-
fore them. The large planter, on the
contrary, often without any capital at all
of his own, attempts on borrowed
money tat fearfully high rates of inter-
est) to conduct large operations. without
closely counting the costs or the risks,
and fails as any sound minded man, not
infatuated with cotton, would see that
he must. This does not prove that small
farms and small farmirig are necessarily
most profitable. but that our operations,
both as to method and to extent, must,
correspond with our capital and other
circumstances.-Rural Carolinian.
*
Moisture of the Soil.
Prof. J. W. Sanborn has reported a
series l0 interesting experiments on the
relation of dew to soil moisture, made by
driving iron tubes a given length into
theground, and thrus securing a portion
of the soil enclosed for examinat on,
capillary attraction being shut off from
the cylinder( of earth by means of an
inserted bottom. placed by digging down
one side. Some of the leading results
were that the soil loses moisture by
night., both when there is ew and wheii
there is not, that shallow tilled soil
loses liss by night than deep tilled, that
deep tillage is followed by leis evapota-
tion in drought than shallow tillage, and
that a good deal of study needs yet be
given to the subject.


IAITLAND NURSERIES.


ALL VARIETIES OF.

OIRA.NGE ANTI) LEMON TREES.


Buds not placed on small stocks, but on extra
large and-fine ones.


We make a.pe:;alty of tne
EARLY SPANISH RANGE----
." ithe earinel variety kI:,wn),
'IOHlII LIES and
VILLA FRANCA LEMONS,
and cain snow trees or the latter that stood the
sold Irt w-ntiir as well ns the Oranuge, and
--N.-WJ-IA1-E FRUIT UPON THEM.

Send for _Cataogue,
* -_=' ..:ca.',- r.6 -xwCARET'Y"


P. 0.


BERMUDA ONION SEED.
I have noow in New York, and will receive in
few days. a fresh lot of Bermuda Onton Seed of
my own iimp-,riation. Tais variety :f Onion is
well knowTrn to thie grdenerioof Florida. having
Leen successanUy grown and tested ttrougi
many esc5.,is


J. HOWARD TUCKER,
Santfrd, Fla.

BUDS OF THE MAGGIE PEACH


GUIDE TO FIG CULTURE-
Tell, how to gr.:.w aind prepare the Fig, inrd de,(ribe c our new fig-
C COMMERCIAL SMYRNA,
)nlr genuine 'T.- of Commerce." a .nd b- et in the w.rid. Also, Tropical and New F
anit vbt dneot rock |f N cr in th <.:iunrry. A ,iir. wit hinh I' -rr,. "
1'LOhfDA H')RTICULTURAL COMPA.NT, -
CuLiler, Dade Counrty. Fla.


Nurseries of the Milwaukee-Florida Orange Co.
DUNEDIN, HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY, FLORIDA.
We, mrlk a sapcCiaitv of Etle dieitnrre varite .r Citrriui Nursier Tr-ee, such as Double
Iiperial, RiversTie ruds .er-,at.liv yaseitred .-7 a member .,if o0r (Com.l'rny in Caulormia,. and
Washin-I Navrts, Maltcse Biod|, Hart'L ra-Tff Li, Du Roi. Jaffa, Sta.rk't 'e.-Jess, Tsngeri'e,
etc. In'Lemons we hav., Vi.la Franca-, BelaLr Prenitinm, cly, Gnea.:,a and Eur-eka. A].o, Ta,,uti
Limes, Peaches i'Bwelc'.' Earie, et.:.), PI.im, W ire Alrianc Figs. etc., eci.
Our qto,.k is large and c.:.nplete, rhr-ilt and cieat. Catalogue free on application.
Ai.r,'-, A. L. DUTN(CAN. Manager, Dun edin, Iia


CHURCH ANDERSON & CO.,

SJAC ISTiLV-I-jLE, PLA.,

PRODUCE AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
-AND-- .

DEALERS IN -GARDEN AND FIELD SEEDS.
:We are now prepared to furnish
FRESH TURNIP AND CABBAGE SEEDS.


In any quantity desired, and as the season advances will have a full supply of
all needs use.l in this climate. '-

Catalogue sent free on application.


FLORIDA GROWN PEACH TREE
U Klsey Japan Pluiws, Olive Trees, Oralles, Figs, Lbmous, Peans,
By the dozen, buudred ,:'r tL.:uand, li:, .a 'iil supply of'ot.her Nurtery.- stock adapted to
Florid a and ie Gul _tUl- s. A' m r- t..:.w okic orders 'o,r Fail d -l'ery season-
c'f l 7- W rite for Prime-s. Calal.:.g e Ifre.- or application.
iGLENS9T. MARY NURSElIES, G. L.Ta1r, Pro, leiR St Mary, Fla **+


THE LAKELAND NURSERY COMPANY
Are in readiness to Mail FREE, on application,


A COPY OF THEIR SUMMER PRICE LIST
to-any addri-s. C.:.mmarnke'tEc wh E. H. TISON, M:unag r, Lakeland, Pt.ik Co.. Fla
L 1781 size 40xs00 LAo VIEW on Lake Kingsley. Clay Co.. only 810. A
Rt feel in Vu i ,-0 I choice 5-ncre Iraci for an ORANGE
GROVE costs bnl 100. .
High r.llmnc Pine Lrn.1, Salubroui Ciiam, r n w. Tae-n
me-nt. Send2 5-., nt stirnp for Mi ., -cic.., or remli P. -'i. Order dEor |
Bark Drai't t.:..JOEN T. IALBOIT, iu. gt Warranrt De.ed, rti FLORIDA

TIROPIOA-j IiA-T:D COIjPATY,
P. 0. Box 1.S,Jacksonville. Florida. 39 W. Bay St.

3C-,-SDE'S

New !-Yrk, Charlestonm and Florida

STEAMSHIP LINES.
. 1h_' l ~n 'iew.nr mi ..J ". .
FROM JACKSOTVILLE. . EVERY THURSDAY
FROM FERNANDINA, ...... EVERY SUNDAY
Steaimei are appr.nted r-saU f-oni P er 2% E. R New Y.rk, -ervr TPED TY and FRIDAY
at 8 p. m. Ti-sdavy',s'iips for Fernanl ria an'd Fri.lds t,' L .Bl tforJiLtki.ri tle-.
The Freight an. P-:.:nir e:iommonidation, by th Line are munsrpassed. Every attention
wdV1 be giCei Li. Lrnlte enrru.,red t. the Line. Diret:ill b sipiYento fr.:.u'NewT York vi CLYDE'S
FLORI )A LINE, Per 29, East Rver. For further inrmatrnaon applr to
J. A. STEAD, Ag't, F. M. IRON-MONGER, JR., G. F. & P. A .1 A. LESLIE, A't,
Feruandinua Fla. Jakm:,-nvue, Fla. .6 W. Bar St.,Jack,:.Dnir- Flia.
THEO. G Et.ER, Traffie Manager, WM. P. CLYDE & CO. Gen. Ag'ts.
36 Broadway, N. Y. 12 So. Wha.rTve, Pola., Pa., :3 Broadway, New York


Furnishedit II per hundred,$5 per thousand
five hundred at one thousand rates


Address,


P.C MfINICH,


BIDWELL'S


Improved Peaches.


BIDWELL'S EARLY, BIDWELL'S LATE
and No. 7, are round peaches, average size,
rip-rilne from May l)th to Jdy let. Then Bid-
web'e.tIMPROVED PEEN-'T'). N,.. 1, is flat, but
larger'and thihKer troim oLem io blsisem than its
parent.
In Qnalily Not Excelled by Any
Peach .Ot,
with not ra particle, at any stage of ripening,
of that bitter so obiecrionlUl(t in the Peen,-to.
Ripens with Bidwel'S Early.
'neoe are aul ,edlings-of-the Peen-to, a de-
s'cendant nod.oubt of thdt iruit"fiound by Atehi-
son in the Hazardarakbt Ravine,in Afghanistan;
a form with different shape- romI thai of the
almond, beating larger and flatter." "The whole
Shrlub r,'n.emibles wIat one night consider a wild
form .f the peah, .f nearly evergreen foliagee"
A I anm aware tierare many bpurious itres
belng. offered, I w-old gire a word of caution to)
th- planter.- Mr. Bldwell hbis originated these
rrec'; our trees be has grown from buds cut
from hs bearing trees, most of them by tuh
own hand.
Address all letters, for information or trees, to
me, as on account of lit health be has given me
all buin-es- coLnCneted with thbe ale of bis trees.
Citry Ofice and Packing Grounds, SMain tree
Orlando.
JAMES MOTT,
P. 0. Box 121, Orlando, Fla.
September 5,; 87.

ORANGE TREES.


A lot of Budded Orange Trees of tinet varie-
ties, 2 year bdui. 4 year stocks isour), IL to 1%
inches 'iu dlmeter, 6 to 8 feet higbh. healthy and1
tr rity. Muot be ,sold to make room ulfItces
Evn up alht.n. Party honld state
,u .-erp- iu o -.,.p;sent. n--co. at oflrs


zame.btr wianuc. 5aoui^e&.asE t upon recipe oi
$1. A. fuul ne oi cier nursery st,'tv send for
The value of poultry manure depends calge. Aires CHAckBondle, F.
upon the care exercised in saving it. If
plaster or dry earth is used to absorb the "FOR SA .E.
liquid portion, and the more or less dried Fv .
mass is carefully collected and placed in Itmo Loquats 18 to36:neheI tn height, atocky,
barrels in a dry place, you will get a thr.eC year- (ron 'eed, Once transplanted, weu
rich fertilizer that may be composted in rooted. $eed electe1from ehie fruit grown
the spring, rendered fine and applied to ~s,,'unp.reng and Thomas Grape Vines, Iwoand
crops of all kinds, either in the bill, drill three years fro w layers, strong and well rooted.
or broadcast. Nothing gives corn a bet- Address, 0. H. THACHB B,
ter start. -Ex. I Falrview Nurieries, Sa, Matro, Fta


315


C

I


<~1


'~ ~-s *


Wiuter Park Finr


*^







FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GRO WER. OCTO-BER 5. 1887.


316


The Florida Farmer and Fruit arower

A. H. CURTISS, Editor.


Office Cor. Bay and Laura Sts.


THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT
GROWER is an eight page 48 column Illustra-
ted weekly newspaper, devoted to the Farm,
Garden, Orchard and Household Economy,
and to the promotion of the agricultural and
industrial interests of Florida. It lspubllshed
every-Wednesday.
S Terms of Subscrit ion.
For one year ........... ....................... .... 2.00
For six months 1.00
Clubs o five to one address ... ....... 7.50
WIth daily TIMES-UNION one year .. 11.00
Wlth dallv TIMES-UNION. slx months 6.00
-With WEEKLY TIME'. one year 2.75
A-WSubscrlpllos8 in ail cases cash In ad-
vance, and no paper coollaued after the
exptratlon of the time paid for The date on
the printed label with which the papers are
addressed Is the daie to which their suoscrlp-
tlion Is paid and ts equivalent to a reeelpt for
payment to that date: If the dati is not
changed Immediately after a new payment,
the subscriber will please notlify us at once..
CORRESPONDENCE solilcted on all sub-
jects pertaining to the topics dealt with in
thispaper. Writers may affix such signatures
to their articles as they may choose, butmust
furnish the editor with their full name and
address, not for publication but as guarantee
ofgood faith. Rejected communications can-
not be returned.
ADVERTISE MENTS inserted to a limited
extent.. Rates furnished on application.
SREMITTANCES should be made by Check
Postal Note Money Order, or Regiltered
Letter. to ordvr 0of
FLORIDA FARRIER AND FRUITtGROWEP,
Jacksonville Fla

TABLE OF CONTENTS.
FIRST PAGE-Polar Bands; Preserving Fruits
for Exposition; The Mango (Illustrated);
Liming Strawberry. Lands; The Allegretti
Process with Fruit; The Cutting Roller (illus-
trated) ; Answers to Inquiries; Cat Tail or
Pearl Millet; Southern Farmers, Grow Oats.
SECOND PAGE-Starting Buds; Advances in Hor-
ticulture; Hexagonal or Square? The Last
Watermelon Season; The Fruit Evaporating
Business; Fruit Evaporating in New York;
A New Vegetable; Comments on Recent
Inquiries.
THIrMu PsE-A New Departure Needed; Crops
after Peas; .Value of the Rye Crop; Why
Small, Farmers Prosper' Moisture of the Soil.
Fectart Pao.-i;"...,i.ut",'.. Organization;
A Anipj '.. it r .l... in,.ier; Answers to In-
quiries; We Must Fall into Line; Notice to
Delegates; Club Organized at Newnansville;
Madison County tarrier: The Farmers' Al-
liance. .
FIFTH PAGE-OUr Home Circle; Our Cosy Corner;
Answers to Correspondents; The Family Ex-
change; The Family Friend; Our Young
Folks' Corner.
SIXTHa PAie-Lamlinitis or Founder; 'Cows not
Giving Down Milk; Ensilage for Milch i .:.w ;
Cotton Seed for. Milch Cows; An Idea About
'-Hogs; a'e,-p, in Walton Cu ty. Housing
Poultry ; The AplrrT; Hintc [u: B.:- En.e,-'.
SavENra Pacs-Firm 5[i.:el.nv flnr /'1io,'are;
--rial ;Atory, Tarte: Et.in Boyi, i.7 W. E.
. EIGHTa PAoGE-'tirsr Newc in Brei: Th.b- '.b-
Ti.jip.-,i; Imn.p..rt[it Ario:ii.:i-,-.nt. W hst
s6 C,:.-.:.l.iatic.a *.r.:.;er W iV-tai r R.-,:':.r,:
Latest M .irk.i R|r:.rt,

COOPERATIVE ORGANIZATION.


We devote an extra amount of space
on this page to itle co-operative move-
ment because we deem that the most
important topi': now before the people.
Before another issue ieaches the reader
both the Marianne and Gainesville con-
vention, will have accomplished their
work. We trust that wisdom and har-
mony will prevail in their councils and
that personal ambition and sectional
jealousy will be wholly ignored, and
that instead there will be aroused a noble
emulat;on between individuals and be.
tween sections in forwarding the good
work. United, the people will stand;
disde,. they will fall before thile giant
co binations ,,of capital which are
grinding the people as between the upper
and!nether millstones.
The average farmet, living quietly

amo-,ng his crops and herds, concerns
himself but little about mnue-y kings antd
syndicates. But they all the while are
thinking about him and devising plans
for "'cornering" everything he needs to
sell or buy:" This they do by combina-
t ion": by co-operation, and thereby they
manage to control values in a manner
;that is ruinous to those whose system it
is to sell what they produce and buy
what they- consume. Unless farmers
will adopt the better policy of producing
nearly all they need for consumption, or
unless they combine In -great co-upera-
tire organizations, they will continue to
build up the wealth of cities, until they
become reduced to the condition of poor
tenants of millionaire landlords.
We hope not to see "-histo'ry repeat it-
self" in this "land of the free." but it is
for intelligence to perpetuate freedom,
and if the people would preserve this
birthright they must cultivate intelli-
gence by march reading, thinking and
-discussion. They must take papers
which contain something besides local
news and they must meet together in
local clubs, and in county, State and
National Conventions. As Mr. Neeld
admonishes, we must all fail into ranks,
march under one banner, and in general
policy act as one man.
Intelligent co-operation will proce
alike beneficial, whichever policy be
adopted, that of shipping products and
importing articles of consumption, or
'" that of home consumption of products.
The former policy prevails now in most


parts of the State, and must continue to
do so fora while. The latter is tlhie one
to be aimed at. for that is the only one
under which the State can become truly
prosperous. Diversified.production, co-
operative home manufacture and co-
operation in marketing, constitute our
true industrial- policy.
Since Florida's new growth began the
idea has been studiously fostered that
wealth here is to be had for the taking.
As people are prone to believe what they
wish to believe, this idea has done much
toward increasing the population. Flor-
ida has now population, soil and cli-
mate, but her agriculturalpolicy is rad-
ically wrong, and as agriculture must
ever be the controlling interest of the
State the present need nowis agricultur-
al reform. The people are continually
gaining new ideas, and if they will hold
fast all they gain, and co-operate by in-
terchanging ideas through he agricul-
tural press, they will rapidly Ibuild up a
system of agriculture wheren-by all may
prosper. .
First of all, a public sentiment and plan
of action rmust be built up, and then, as
Mr. Neeld urges, we must all gotowork.
But there will be no unity' of sentiment,
purpose or action without co operative
organization, such as is outlined else-
where in these columns. Let the people
come together in convention and perfect
a State organization, hear what has been
done in other States, and adopt means for
general dissemination of the principles
of the organization and of the plans
that may be adopted from time to time.
First, the people need to be educated for
the work in hand, and when they come
to appreciate the benefits arising from
the system they will be eager to give it
their support.
0
AN APPRECIATIVE SUBSCRIBER.
CANTON, Fla., Sept. 12, 1887.
Editor Florida Farmer and .iuit-Grower:
I wish you would notifythe readers of
the FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER that I
will pay 25 cents a copy for the follow-
ing numbers, viz., Nos. 2, 8, 5, 6 and 27,
the first offer of any of these in good
condition to be accepted.
I am paying particularattertion to all
kinds of fruits and vegetables, and' your
paper helps me more than I can tell.
Without it I could not do anything. I
have the numbers on file and it is a pleas'
ure to sit down and re4d them,' for they
teem with information on every subj-ect.
I have been trying to get some subscrib-
ers for you and hare distributed the pa-
TU JEt--a'c.-- ,T'i-c'-b .v e,.pr9Omiaed.
to subscribe. This fall, when money gets
a little easier. I will notify you to send
some more copies and I will take them
around and think I can get a dozen sub-
scribers at least.
I would like a little information about
the following pla.nts. how I can procure
them and of whim: Florida's new palm.
tamarind, Sisal hemp, Japan clover.
Bermuda grass. Japan chestnut. Keiffer'
pear. Hendrilcks wheat, Caribbean
grape. Also, where can I get some good
tobacco seed.
For the three fir: t menLioned desider-
ata. apply to Messrs. Reasoner Bros.,
Manatee. Forthe clover and grass, ad.
dress T. K. Godley, Waldo. For the
chestnut and pear. addr,.ss any of the
nnrsery'ven. especially those in the
northern part of the State. Thre whb-at,
and grape fire being experimented with
this year and there will he no further
distribution of them within a year to
come. As to tobacco e ed, wve shall in-
vestigate and report in iue time and give
all directions needed. The seed will not
be'neededl before Jfanuary.
It all who are intc-rested in the F__RU-
ER AND FRmit-GR-R:wER would imake an
effort in its behalf, its usefulness would
largely increasee not only in reaching a
lar1-er number of readers, ibut by obtain-
ing a larger number of contributors,
who would add to the general fund of
information. This offers a means also
of "turning an honest jenny." See our
club rates. Any one who is disposed to
aid us in this manner may obtain sample
copies by applying to the publishers.
ANSWERS TO INQUIRIES.
RE.STRIR'TIONS ON SALE OF WINE
-P. J. J. wishes "to know something
definite as to the law respecting the sale
of wine and cider. I have a quantity
now of last season's wine and wish to
sell it. Can I do so in any quantity,
large or small, in a -wet' precinct with-
out a license? Can I do the same in a
precinct where the sale of intoxicating
liquirs is prohibited?"
Under the new State Constitution "In-
toxicating liquors, either spirituous,
vinous or malt. shall not he sold in any
election district in which a majority
vote was cast against the same." There-
fore wine can n .t be sold where prohibi-
tion is the rule, but cider can. Wine,
however, can be manufactured any-
where in the' State, and sold wherever
there are no restrictions against it.
We have consulted with the new In-
tet nal Revenue Collector for Florida
tCol. Whitfield Walker, office in Jack-
sonville), and be is of the opinion that
nothing called wine can be sold without
a license-$-5 per year for retail, and
$50 for wholesale license, orat that rate
from the 1st of any month to the 1st of
May, which is the end of the fiscal year.
A person hying in a precinct-where the
sale of liquor is prohibited, and having
wine for sale, would have to ship it


elsewhere by the barrel or keg. and
thus would become a wholesale dealer.
Col. Walker promises to investigate the
subject and advise us if this statement
needs modification. No o6ne should sell
in any shape or manner wines, liquors
or tobaccos without setting himself right
with the Internal Revenue Department.
DISEASED LEAVES. -
H. W. R.,-of Putnam county, sends
diseased leaves of orange and persim-
mon, being under the impression that
the orange may have'been infected-from
the persimmon. The range leaves had
the disease -illustrated in- our Ilast issue.
The persimmon leaves we referred o10
Prof. Scribner, of the Department of Ag-
riculture. who replies that they "have
been attacked by a gall-producing mite."
The podisointr of cedir trees in more
Northern States, is believed to bederived
from the spores of an apple tree fungus
of quite different appearance, and so the
analogous disease of the sour orange and
lemon may becommunicated from some
oth'..r tree and modified by the influence
of sap. Such metamorphoses are com-
mon among the lower fungi.
A LEIAL POINT.
H. S. asks "if a wife can testify for or
against her husband in Florida."
Her testimony is not admissible ex-
cept in a suit for divorce or abusive
treatment.
Other inquiries are answered on first
page and some have been answered by
mail.
+
We Must Fall into BRanks.
Editor .T"; i'da F ir,,:,- ni'? Fp'-"'- Grower:
SOh, yes! I have heard you all and you
voice the sentiments of us all, and now
the thing to do is to go to work. We are
satisfied that oui fruit must be m a r keted
after some'system. Let it be mine or
yours, only let some work be done. If
you do my way you will combine the
capital and brains of the Fruit Exchange
and the other forwarding companies, and
have all fruit shipped to Jacksonville,
and from thence shipped in car loads or
train loads in refrigerator cars to the dis-
tributing centres or cities, where they
will go into cold storage and wait until
the. market will take them at living
prices. .
I do not think this plan of action can
be beat. I will help any scheme in pref-
erence'to no scheme; but you will find
that selling in Jacksonville will .not be
best, since small shippers or buyers will
have trouble to ship in small lots to the va-
rious points, -and this will result in a few
heavy buyers controlling the whole crop,
whereas selling in the great cities will
put the. fruit in the hands and before
thousands who otherwise would not be
bidders. 'Go ahead, though, and' try and
organize the growers. This can only be
done where they are secured in their
fruit. Some advance or insurance must
be given when thepledge to ship through
the company is made. Send out can-
vassing agents at once. You must have
trod talkers and responsible men. Act!
:A+'?tTh -z- --- a ->_
Mr. Editor, you are doing great good
in agitating the Farmers' Alliance and
Union and co operation. I tell you we
.have hereafte-r got to work and manage
ou improved principles. Imported cap-
ital will no longer run things. I think
the people are sensible on the subject of
organization and will fail iuto ranks
when the bugle blast is sounded. Go
ahead and whoop 'emup. Reform isthe
watch word I Wm. P; NEELD.
PINELLas, Fla.


v:0


Dell; I. S. Holder. J B. Berry and H. J. manner of cultivation, different variety
Johnson. who gave us much valuable in- of seed, fertilizers, etc.. and report the
formation by their well timed speeches. same to the club in writing from time to
Delegates were appointed for the State time as instructed by the club.
convention to come off at Gainesville. ART. XIV. Any member who will-
October 12th, where we hope to meet fully violates thisconstitution shall have
farmers from all portions of the State, his name erased from the roll of mem-
D. WULLIAMS, WM. ANDERSON, bership.
Cor. Sec'y. President. ART. XV. Sec. 1. Amendments to
this constitution can be made only by
Notice to Delegates. the central club. Proposedamendments
0 EX 10shall be sent to the auxiliary clubs by
." O -CEOLA, Fla., Sept. 310th, 1871. the Secretary of the club at least thirty
Edrior Floriida Forntr nie Ft--"tr-roa'-r.r days before the meeting of the central
All delegates to the Farmers& State club, and upon balloting upon the pro-
Encampment which convenes at Oliver's posed ame-ndments should two-thirds of
Park. near Bowler Springs, within two the ballots be in favor of the said
miles of Gaiuesville, Fla., on Fl..rida amendment, the same shall be- inc.:.rpo-
Southern Railway, are hiereby requested rated in this constitution.
to be promptly on the grounds at an Sec. 2. A majority of regular mem-
early hour on the morning of October hers shall constitute a quorum for, the
13th, 1887. ,.- transaction of any business brought be-
The members of allclubs are requested fore the club.
to be present if possible, and the public a -
generally ate cordially invited to at- THE FARMERS' ALLIANCE.
tend.
Meals will be served on the grounds, An Interesting-Interview with
and ample arrangements have been made
in the city for board and lodging at one State Organizer Wilson.
dollar per day. Mr. Oswald Wilson, the organizing of-
All newspapers in the State are re- ficer in the State of Florida for the Na-
quested to copy the above notice. tional Farmers' Alliance and Co opera-
L. 'V. POLK. tire Union. was in the city yesterday
R. \V. MILLER. and paid the Timres-Uno, o office a visit.
S. H. BETHA. He is traveling over the State organizing
S. L. BLANTON. Alliances, and in response to a request
C. F. WILON, Cimuttee. gave the following information regard.
C S. F. WILsON, ROLANyTChirMA, ing the order:
Secretary. Chairman. "The Farmers' Alliance was organized
in Parker county, Texas, about ten years
MADISON COUNTY FARMERS. ago. springing from a nucleus of'nine
-' farmers who saw the necessity of com-
Constitution and By-Laws of blued action on their part. The growth
Farmers Protl W. as comparatively sl.ow for thefirst few
Farmers Protective Club. years, and in December,. 1885, there were
At a meeting of the Madison county only fifty thousand members. During
farmers, held on the 20th of August, an '86 the membership increased to two
organization was effected-under the fol- hundred thousand. Up to this year the
lowing constitution and by-laws. A membership included only farmers in
committee of five was appointed to the "Lone Star State," but at the begin-
divide the county into districts for clubs, ing of this year the officers saw the ave-
each member of the committee being nues opened for a National organization
empowered to effect the organization of that by concerted ai:t,.:-n might be of
other clubs, first calling to his aid two great benefit *o all engaged in agniiul.
other farmers. tural pursuits who might die-Ire I0 i.,e-
ARTICLEI. The name of this club come members.
shall be the Farmers' Protective Chub. THE MOVEMENT GROWING,
ART. II. The officers of the club shall "A nmeetinfe-of the Farmet "' Alliance
be a President and a Vice-President, Sec- of Texas, and the Farmers' Union, of
retary and Treasurer, who shall be elect- To.,u,,...ia w -ie to meet in Waco
ed annually by ballot. Said election to Texas, in F li y of this year, and at
be held at each 4th quarterly meeting t, iance wa made
: ... Iif-. meeting the Allianco u-a. made -a-
of the central club. Naonal ituto Applitin ws
ART. III. The central club shall hold Nati'.a ittutior Appliatou was
four rguar me s pr a nn made to Congress'aud b,,fore adiourn-
four regular meetings per n um.. tment a charter was granted to us and
shaRT,. I at pei. nc the samew- rec-orded acco:.rding to law
2kRT J.V theachame g ao re(e
ART. I .,ea-.voi ,.r in the Recorder's office in Washington,
thele shlall be one ,or lmtr- auinl "ari n
Fainmer.-'Prctect ireClubs. The officers s .. ._. '
of paid auxiliary clubs shall be Presi at,
dent, 'e-Preidn. Se y a the right to all territory embraced in tie
dent, VicePresident ,Secretary andL Uani organizing o etrs wete sent to
Tresurer. They shall be elected y b all te Southern States, and an interest
lot, said election to be held at the r-egu- in the reat work was created amongst
lar meeting fr.,t D..-embet r in ea-lh year. th -
-... ", -.'. .'. "" ." therarm-r, of i/tetligence.and progres-
Said clubs shall hold a meeting once in fa -, o an progre.-
e m ont. sion, many of whom have entered
eveAy ro t ,i .--..--r---._,_l h .._lda.rtily into 6ur plans anj pur-poses.
A-,. .A A t he- iiuar cUet,,^-,, he-ld, What are t-ne plana or" fle oi gatr,"
by the auxiliary clubs in December they ar me thodpracticed to obtain rEr-
shall proceed to elect delegates with one t'ion? 7 an skeds
alternate each, to represent their respec- cru a ase
tive clubs for the ensuing year. The EOBJECTS AND METHOTIS.
delegates so elected shall be expected to "Our plans in brief are as follows.'
attend the quarterly meetings of the saidMr. Wilson. "We organize in each
central club, and represent to .the cen- county as many sub-alliances as the pop-
tral club all matters pertaining to the ulation and the farmers will demand.
welfare and advancemnentofttheirseveral' These Unions elect delegates to a county
clubs. Alliance, and they iu turn send repre-
Each .auxiliary club shall be entitled sentative iic. the State Alliance. The first
toone delegate to every five members or State Aliaince for Florida will meet in
4 fraction thereof. MIariarina, October 4. prox., and at this
ART.VI. Sec. 1. The Presidents, be- meeting the organization for this State
sides presiding over the meetings, shall will be perfected. The officers tori- this
prepare some subject connected with State organization will be tbhe- same as
agriculture for discussion at the meeting the National organization, anid it will be
u, xt eusuina, and appoint some member governed iby the Irules adopted by them
to open the debate, at their first annual meeting. As were
'Sec. 2. The duty of the Secretaries to have delegates from nine counties iat
shall be to keep a Llist of the names of oui;r fist meeting we are, of course,con-
the members and record the proceedings. fident of a strong membership.
S Sec. 3 The duties ot thie Iteasurers -The plans," continued Mr. Wilson,
8liall be to receive and disburrse iunu's "of this Alliance is 'o train the members
and report anuually,orottener. if requit- in all things pertaining to agricultural
ed by the clul:. maiteis, and to adopt such measures as
ART. VII. The President shall give will insure for all the best po-sible re-
every member present an opportunity to turns for their products. We have et-
expre-s his opinionon the subject under tablished iii Texas flouring mills run on
discussion, but no one shall speak longer th.- co operative plan. which have in-
tliau fifteen minutes o-r meoi than twice Ci.ta:ed the value of wheat nearly 50 per
without pei missi(onu from the club. cent. We have effected an equitablesys-
ART. VIII. Every member of the- club tem ofdealing with merchants that is
is earnestly requested to take at least mutually advantageous to them and to
one agricuituial paper, and to try one -us. A business agency has als6 been es-
agricultural experiment each year and tablished f:r the handling of'farm ma-
to report the saiae in due time to the chinery, wagons, buggies, etc. In this
club in writing, par-ticular quite a saving has been
ART. IX, No person shall be entitled effected by making purchasesdirect from
to membership unless their chief occu- the manufacturers and saving the com-
pation be that of tilling the soil. No missions of from one to three middle
person shall be admitted as a member if men. Another and a most important
there be two objecting votes, feature has been the establishment of a
Members' mothers, wives, sisters and cotton exchange system for handling the
daughters shall be considered honorary colton crop of the members only, and
members, also all clergymen, school through this all cotton raised by the
masters and members of the press, members is sold direct to the mills, say-
ART. X. Each regular member shall ingas in the handling of machinery the
pay fifty cents annually for the support commissions of speculation. The Dallas
of the club, and every application for business' men. recognizing the impor-
membership shall be accompanied with ta.nce of this move, have given outright
fifty cents, which, sum will .be cred-ted $10,000 towards the erection of a cotton
to the person should be be elected, and mill where the staple product of the
returned to hint should be be rejected, members of the association will be man-
ART. XS. Any member who shall re- ufactured intocloth, as in institutions be-
fuse to pay his annual dues, or neglects longing to the Alhiance on the co-opera-
to pay the same for one year. shall be live plan. .
suspended, and so notified by the Secre- CO-OPERATlx- COTTON FACTORIES.
aryr, and after the expiration of thirty "There will also be a cotton factory
days his name shall be erased from the established at Burnet, on the Colorado
roil of members.
ART. XII. S'c. 1. That the club give River, on a purchased tract of laud con-
aR picic. diner. on Theay. thatte club raietaning twenty-seven acres. The rtver
hod pitsi regiaer metngs.e datate bat this point runs over falls, giving a

Sec. That -no member shall carry power equal to that of twelve hundred
any thing to said dinner that shall have running the multitudiipes machinery of
been bought on time or credit, also that r the multitui ou mane of
membr sall uy nyting or aida cotton mtill. The tract, of land pur-
no member shall buy anythceg for said chased aith thewater privilege will bi
picnic that hecould produceon the farm. t p r u g s for the home
Sec. 3. That no member shall be al- of employes, andbaiSld tesUfversity will
lowed to carry any intoxicating beverage bo eptablisbed at that place for th train-
upon the grounds during the day. he eftablis at agricultural pursuithr."
Sec. 4. That these dinners shall be lu fppl.i giutra usi&
for members only. Provided, each mem- TEE ALLIANCE Hi FLORIDA.
her may have the privilege of inviting "Your intentions as to the Florida Al-
not more than two guests unless by lianceare about the same as those of the
special request of the club. present institution, arethey nol?"
ART. Xlii. The President shall ap- "Just the same as in Texas. We are
point a committee to inspect the crops patterning after them and expect to es-
of the members and note the mode and tablish #cotton mills here. The mills may


not be erected in time to handle next
season's crop, but a cotton exchange will
be put in operation to handle the cotton
* crop and sell it to the best advantage."
'"What are the intentions of.the Al-
liance as to rthe handling of fruit?"
asked the'reporter. -.,
"While we hare not settled definitely
as to thie exact conui se which would be
the most advantageous tothe.producers,
still we will undoubtedly adopt some
plan tor dispo.-ing of it tothe best ad-
vantage. A fruit exchange would piob-
ably do- the most good. It could be made
to handle oranges and other fruit and
also guavas, fertilizers, etc. I have been
offered a big reduction already on many
of these goods it they are taken hold of.
by the Alliance as an association."
TE ALLIANCE ORGAoNS.
Mr. Wilson iseditor of the West F.or-
ida Eaqoirer, an excellent, weekly paper
publishe.d in .Mlaiianna, which is the
official oigan of the Alliance in the
State. He is making trips to various
portions of the State. giving explanatory
lecture, on the objects of theassociation.
hie is well pleased with the outlook and
is enthusiastic over bthe probable results.
The Scni.,lhrn Mercury, published at
Dallas, Texas, is owned I,y, and run in
ihe interest of the Farmers' Alliance.
Thie farmers in Texas have found the
benefits accruing from a membership far
in excessof the slight cost of maintaining
the omder, and new members are being
added daily to the already long list.
The total membership in the Southern
States now exceeds five hundred thou-
sand, and as the rules of the order re-
quire a proposed member to beanactual
tarmer, these numbers must constitute
a large pro'p.irtion of the more progres-
sive and practical agricultural men in
the territory iianied. There are two
thousand members in Florida.

Hints to Correspondents.
The readers of the FLORIDA FARMER
AND FRiIT-GROWER are respectfully in-
vited to contribute to its columns articles
and notes on all subjects pertaining to
the farm, garden, orchard and house-
hold affairs. The range of topics which
will l:.e discussed in this journal maybe
gi.ithered from the sulbjoinid table, which
may serve to suggest what might other-
wise escape attention :
FARM MANAGEMENT. .
Cleaning lanld. draining land, crops for
new land. succession of crops, inte'-sive
farming, treatment of different soils,
irris.atiou. soiling vs. pasturing, cow-
penning, green manuring.
DOMESTIC ANI-tALS.
Horses, mules, cattle, 'hogs, sheep,
g:.ats, poultLry-Breeds, feed, diseases,
treatment.
STAPLE CROPS. -
Corn. oats, rye. wheat, rice-Varieties,
yield per acre. soil and season, difficul-
ties encountered, gener atment.
Coltoa-Lc'qg aad ;
ing and cult"rlF?
"'in'1 rt Onfrsrerl'Kjio
Sugaro, C'e and Sor
culture, making syrup
tion of marT4_t.
Tobac-o- V.arietiesi.*'
recent experiences, .'e,I ma
facture. :""
". r" TiTS. '. r '
Citrus Fruits-Comparison of varie-:
ties, hardiness and productiveness, meth-
ods of propagation, methlbds of planting
and culture, comparative effects of fer-_,_
tilizers, marketing of fruit, preservation'
of fruit, wine and other products.
Peach, pear, fig, 'persimmon, loquat,
the Kelsey plum, native plum, mul- -
berry, quince, apricot. guava, banana,,
pineapple sapoadla, mango, -avocada
pear, cocoanut, pecan, English walnut,
almond, pomegranate, olive, grape,
strawberry, blackberry, raspberry-Va-
rieties, effects of boil, weather, etc.
methods of culture. "
NATIVE TREES AND .ERBS.
Planting trees for ornament or utility,
the bIurning over iif forest lands, the
lumber and turpentine industries, the *
tinning industry, phenomena of plant
life, weeds and noxious plants.
N. B.-Specimens may be sent to the
editor for identification. Information is
desired respecting popular names and
uses.
Plants adapted to this climate, out-
door culture, management of green-
house.
FORAOE CROPS.
Bermuda grass, crab grass, Pare grass
Guinea grass, Terrell grass, orchard
grass, red-top grass, Johnson grass, Texas
blue grass, pearl millet. German millet,
millo maize, kaffir corn. teosinte, sorg-
hum. fodder corn, cow peas, desmodi-
um, Mexican clover, lespedeza, alfalfa,
mplilotus.
MISCELLANEOUS SUBJECTS.
Bees and bee plants, silk culture and
the mulberry, hunting and fishing, dogs
and dog laws, fences and roads, legisla-
tion for farmers, farmers' clubs, trans-
portation, marketing produce, experi-
mental farms, agricultural education,
home manufactures, natural history
of Florida, historic points, sanitary ad-
vice,, farm' buildings, hose furish ing,
farm machinery, farm implements,
water supply, cooling appliances, re-
cipes for coolkibg, home decorations +
household economy, mineral, and earths,
climatology, etc.
In treating of the above and related,
subjects, practical experience is muciij^Q
be preferred to theoretical know :-
edge; yet there are topics needing dis-'
cussioni which have to be treated of
from a somewhat theoretical stand--
noint.
We do not desire letters written mere-
ly in praise of special localities unless
claims to favor are based on the products
or productiveness of the soil. Articles
of an animated or vivacious style are de-
sh'able by way of variety, but practical
statements and descriptions should be
concise and as much to the point as pos-
sible. -. : --
All communications for the editorial
department should be addressed to
EDITOR FA.RME AND FEriT-GROWEP.


/


IN UNtiN r Fi is r is rCNrB.

The Gainesville Convdntion.
E,,',/r l'ir,,ln F',, etr and P,',,i'-r,-.uer:
At a meeting of the Farmers' Associa-
tion held at Osceola, September 21, 1Sii,
it was
R.iol:cd. That all f.irmeis. fruit
grower's and others who are iritenrested
and wish to become posted, whether
members ,or not, are hereby invited to
attend the Farmers' Eucampmerit at
GainfesrVille. on the 1'2th o(f Ocutber."
C. K. RAY, J. H. WILSON,
Secretary. Chairman.
*
Come One, Come All.
Edi..'F'.r;, F'.', ,,i~ i d piF il,,-r,..-i'ter:
We hope that the leading farmers and
fruit grown ers from every county in the
State will meet together in the Farmers'
Sta-ite Convention which assembles at,
(.Gainesville on the 12th of October. The
farmers and fruit growers of Florida
must develop the r-sources of the State
or it will not be done. These classes
must unite and work together. "here
is no reason except lack of united action
why thbe farmersand fruit growers do uot
get better prices for their produce and
better shipping rates. By shipping
singly we have to pay the express or
railroad companies for transportation-
about all the produce is worth. By
shipping together by the car load we
would get reduced rates on our produce.
and by uniting in presenting our griev-
ances to the Railroad Commission more
could be accomplished than by individ-
ual complaints. Co-operation on our
part is all that is needed to prove that "in
union there is strength."
E, C. OSTEEN,
Secretary Senoie Club.
FORT WE7TE, Colunmbia Co., Fla.
September 22. 1887.

Club Organized at Newnansville
NEWNANSVILLE, Sept. 16tb, 1x887.
Ediivr F-orr,/a Frmr i ,riand ,_rP r-rrwiv,-r:
The farmers in this vicinity met. to-dat
for the purpose of organizing a Farmers'
Club, which resulted in electing the fol-
lowing named officers: William Ander-
son, president, Amos Griamn, vice pres-
ident, Isaac Lee, recording secretary,
Daniel Williams, corresponding secre-
tary; Moses Anderson, treasurer, and
John Fieldas, door keeper. This club
is to be known as the Fairfield Club. It
is compoEed of twenty-nine members.
Among those present were Hon. John B.









FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, OCTOBER 5, 1887.


HELEN HARCOUBT. Editor.

With a helping hand and a Welcome for all
S Who wish to be friendly and make us a call;
S "With words of good counsel for old tried and
new,
Wbhocometoasseeking thehest way lodo.
All questions 01o general Interest will be
;- answered through these columns.
Personal Inquirles will be answered by mall
S when accompanied by siampp tor reply.
Subsorlbers are cordially Invlted to take a
seat In onrCosy Corner, and exchange views,
Sexperlences and recipes of mutual benefit.
"Help ye one another."
Communications Intended for publlcatlon
must be brief, clearly written, and only on
one side of the paper.
All matter relating to this department
should beaddressed to
EDirOR OUR HO)ME-CrRCLE,
Fla. Farmer and Fruitl-Giower
Monticlair, Fla.


Our Cosy Corner.
THINGS APROPOS.
rfl"n u "\.


Telling about ways to use empty
spools last week we omitted to mention
their value in hanging pictures. Who
.-does not know to her sorrow that the
nails in- common use will surely, sooner'
or later, wear through the cords and let
their charge "come down in the world"
with more vigor than judgment?
We have had some experience that
way. A fine large picture overhung a
bracket containing a Parianmarble bust
of Apollo; the latter standing on a black
marble pedestal.
One night we heard a sudden rush and
conflict among the inanimates in the
hall, and hastening to the battle field,
sadly gathered up the dead and wounded.
It was the picture nail that had inaug-
urated the combat by pulling the cord
trigger and firing the big picture. down
the wall at "Polly" (we ,had known
Apollo so long that we called him "Pol-
ly" for short, and he did not take-offense
; at all). Poor Pollyl His beautiful head
S lay on one side of the hall and the rest
of him on the sofa at the feet of the
So cruel foe that had despatched him on
his untoward journey: Polly beheaded;
Ihis assailant, the big picture, wounded,
the marble pedestal badly, but not mor-
tally, injured;'a small picture dead, and
Sthe bracket with a broken legal
And all this row came from' the wick-
edness of a picture nail slowly eating
through a cord deemed sufficiently stout
and secure.
We brought Polly to, life by fastening
on his bead with plaster of Palis. and
then he was as lively as ever, and we
glued the pedestal together, aud set the
broken leg of the bracket. and doctored
the picture, and last, but not least, we
punished the cause of all the mischief by
"putting a head on it:" in other wodos.
we drew it out and ran it. through an
S empty spool and then drove it in place
again, certain it could never mote cut
".-:. through a picture cord. Finally we pun.-
ished the: picture by hanging it.
STo "-rla-c tiesutrance doubl) sure," we
M- 6k the To-rToff tfie pt..ure, g-t some
strong wire that had bound a bale of hay,
and substituted that. for the cord, andthis
is something we. would advise our sisters
Sto do also. Cords are always more or
less unsafe and with wires one is sure
that nails -'carinnot break through and
drop. nor moths corrupt."
Since that memorable night when dis-
S cord reigned anti the picture --went on a
'-~- bust," and floored Polly and got itself
-.racketed on the sofa. we Ioave looked
closely to the hanging of our wall orna-
ments, and, fortified with spools and
wires, have had no more frays among
them.
Walnut stain, that can be bought very
cheaply at any dlrug or paint store, is a
Powerful factor in renovating old furni-
ture that has beeu previously stained and
looks the worse fc,or wear. Turpentine
walnut stain is the be-t. as it dries al-
most instantly, and lha? uiore gloss than
that mixed witll iinsee. -oil as bodyly"
If you cannot buy -thie tain ahieady
prepared lit is not expensive, you can
make it for yourself in thLi;s way:
A STAtN FOR C-OAK, WALNTrT OR MUAH,':OANY.
Mix about equal parts of raw and
burnt umber with-turpentineand Japan,
adding a little boiled linseed oil to pre-
vent its drying too rapidly. If a dark,
rich color is desired, add burnt sienna.
With these three colors you can produce
almost any shade from oak to black
walnut, cherry and mahogany.
Apply it with a brush-paint or var-
nish brush for furniiture-and when it is
dry, give it either a coat 8f copal var-
nish or boiled linseed oil, the former if
you wish a polish, the latter for oil fin-
ish. -
S This stain is just the thing for floors,
but we would caution our sistersagainst
making the color very dark, not that the
effect is not very pretty, but because oa
floor so stained vwill show every atom :f
dust to perfection. A lighter shade
than black walnut is therefore desira-
ble.
Before you proceed to stain a floor,
have it clean, as free from grease spots
as possible, and fill up the cracks with
S putty with which raw or burnt umber-
Shas been mixed to the desired shade.
Then take awhitewash brush, small size,
and lay on the stain across the grain. In
about ten minutes goover the same spots
with a woolen rag, and rub with the
grain, taking off all the surplus color.
Finish with boiled linseed oil, one coat.
:: is very rapid work with the large
.uh aund need only 'Ie done twice a
.-year, even on a floor that is iu constant
use, and where carpets are missing such
a stain will take off the abomination of
desolation which clings to bare floors.
S A really beautiful floor can be made
by alternalingshades of color, one board
light, the neUx dark, or by making the
centre one solid color and giving a
Broad border around the edge of a darker
hue.


ANOTHER STAIN,
With ingredients so simple that they
can be had almost everywhere, is this:
One quarter of a pound'of burnt umber
mixed in one quart of beer or vinegar.
Put this on the floor with a brush. Then


m


to one pint of boiled linseed oil add one
quarter of a pound of beeswax and melt
tem together. Rub on the floor while
hot. .
These stains are far better than paint
in every way.,
(Tofbe continued.)

For the Davis Fund.
We thankfully acknowledge the re-
ceipt, from
"A friend," '.range P.tk, Fa. .......... 8 0'
Previous-ly acknowledged ............ 3.
Total....................... ....... ........... .
6
Answers to Correspondents.
SA. J. W., Philadelphia, Pa. Your in-
'quiries received and replied to by mail of
Sept. 20th.
M. R., Bridgeport, Fla. Letter and
documents at hand and will receive due
attention.
Rev. D. G. W., Pinellas. Fla.. writes
of his pleasure in reading the Wonder
Chumn, and requests the other dairy cir-
culars to he forwarded adding. "-I am
pleased to learn that you are finding
fruit from your efforts for- others, and
trust it will abound more and more."
We participate in our correspondent's
pleasurein this matter. The dairy ques-
tion is one of great importance to every
family in Florida. We want to see at
least one good cow in every home.
SMrs. E. C., St. Augustinre, voices the
general opinion of the readers of the
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRIUT-GRO\WER
as follows, and merits our sincere
thanks: "I always look forward with
great pleasure to Wednesday evening as
the time when the FARiMER AND FRUIT-
GRowER puts in an appearance. I can-
not tell how much I enjoy your pleasant
storied, remarks, advice and recipes.
They are-all so good, and communicated
in such a pleasant, genial, homelike
style, that when reading the Home Cir-
cle I often stop to remark, 'Our editor is
the right person in the right plaec.' I
have been a subscriber ever sinre the
paper was published, and hope to con-
tinue so."
A subscriber writes as follows: "I see
in your paper of the 14th September, in
answer to A. B., Lake City, that you
.pointed out the means of .getting a
free home of two and a half acres by
erecting a -I 1it cottage on the same. I
am so anxious to know if we could -se-
sure a similar boon. It would bea God-
send to U u
We halve s-ent Lby mail an altrmative
reply, with full tarticular. and rejoi:>.e
that we have t.eeu ithe means of helping
to draw vet another homni cirloie on
Fl:,orida oil. ",The more the merriert."-
Mis. C ,J. M., Micco, Fla writes:
-"Yesterday I think I was like a boy just
grauted a holiday, for I threw up my
hat when I heard of the assurance of the
Exc-hange Column. It is going to, be a
success. Yes, and going to do somebody
good, 'sho' yer bortti!'
,U. B.-S.. Carli.-mle, Kv.: L. N., Quincy,
Fla.: C. D. 0., Tallahiassee, Fla.; S I.,
O, jla _la. (Ci'rititiait, .of .., ov. uieii ila.
"en'Tnes reu-esited.
,D., W., Pinellas, Fla. Acknowl-
edgement of circulars received. Second
enclosure all right. Was ita faity?
*
The Family Exchange.
Open toa dll] .-cribt'-r B ..' the FLORrDA F.Rim-
ER AND FRrtT-GRlO-,WER. A,.lvr-t,,eojnr.. an1
anw e re. I,. av o yd ,1cla ys, nl.Et be t' rddli- t-;;-i to
triU ET OF r iR 1tHoME C tiCLt, FLORIDA
F'IR ER E i'_tR I lRut.-GR ',WERi, Mlit,.l'ir. Fir-
idl. Eacf rrrswr Liioict he a...oapnoatm. ry an
iD.,,.ld Si-, i Dv, pl.:p, in T"r'tl t.'h t: f ',r at it t'-
the- a'ir. t t.,i r
I will exchange plants, seeds and em.
broidery patterns with our sisters of the
Home Circle Address. Mrs. W. J. N.
I wish to exchange Nos. 24. 219,. 33 35,
of the FLORIDA FARMER AN-D FRUIT-
GROWER, for Nos. 2. 3.5. 6, and 2-. Aid-
dress, G. B. T.
WVill exchange vocal and instrumental
music. in good condition, or Florida
nmi.s-. fr Seasi.le or Fianklin Square
Library books. Haggard's --Allan 'tuar-
termaiu,." .'It," "tI,ionu." or "He .end
list. Address, Kate.
WVill exchange Florida mcss for pieces
of bright silks andI old ribbons, tliat will
cut into one-quarter inch strips not less
than six inches long. Moss to weigh
,dloublleas much assilks. Address. Roxie.
6
The Family Friend.
The following from one ofouresteemed
contiibut%_ touches upon a subject we
have hand much in mind of late. and onue
that is of special importance in our.Flor-
ida homes, for thle reasons given--be-
cause :,of the isolation and distance flron
medical assistance, that are features of
very many s-ctions of Our State. These
are'domestic remedies that often prove
efficacious for the lighter "--ills that flesh
is heir to," and may even be of great
service in severe attacks, in-the absence
of a skilled physician, and of these we
propose to give our readers a goodly share
henceforth :
Dear CouIiabt Heletn:
I have been thinking we sisters do not
let eac-h other see into one another's med-
icine chest or medical note book often
enough. There are many of us isolated
from the-doctor,:and therefore ought to
know as many simple and safe remedies
as possible, not only for ourselves, but to
lend the helping hand to our sick and
needy neighbors. Truly we are "fear-
fully and wonderfully made," and like
fine pieces of machinery, get out of run-
ning order, when the simple "-oiled
feather" would m ke things right I
will give a few simple thtinga that may
prove of use to some of the sisters :
For Headuclhe.-Try a piece of gum
camphor the size of a pill, swallowed
dry. If a bilious headache. Ayet-s pilis.
For Diarrhxn'a.-Try a heaping tea-
spoonful of raw flour in a glass of water.
with a. little .essence of'cinnamon or
burnt brandy. It can be taken in two
or three doses.
Another R.mmedy for the same com-
plaint is equal parts of tincture of rhu-
barb, spirits of camphor and laudanum.
Dose for adult, 15 or 20 drops in a little
water every hour or so until relieved.
Tea made of bayberry bark, taken at
intervals, is good and safe.


For Coughs, etc.-A syrup of onions
and brown sugar is good. Slice the
onions and put with about equal parts of
brown sugar in a saucepan on bark of
the stove and let simmer for an hour or
more. A tablespoonful every few hours
for a child.
For Sprains. etr.-Mix four dessert-
spoonfuls each of tincture of arnica, vin.
egar and turpentine with one egg. It
is good for cold in the chest.
Bread Poultice is the better for having
salt added, which is the wayan old army
surgeon did. [A little lard. also.-Eo.]'
Mlusl'trd Poilt:ee is better mixed with
beaten white of egg. Always have a
greased rag ready to put or'after mus.
tard.
For Toothache.-Take out the little
ball that is in the.clove and insert in
hollow of tooth. A little baking soda
is good.
For Eracl'e.-Roast an onion and put
the core in the ear as hot, as ft can be
borne. Sweet oil and laudauum is good
too.
For Slesph'sstrss.-Go to the cup-
board. Giving the stomach something
to do often takes the pressure from the
brain. [Our own experience corroborates
this.--ED.]
For Cotnstp,'ation.-Some find a cup of
water with a half teaspoonful of fine
salt in it. drank first thing on rising in
the morning to be good.
Another Reticd'y for the same is to
stew about one ounce of senna in water
with one pound of prunes : take out tlhe
prunes without the leaves or juice, and
sprinkle with sugar. Dose, from 8 to 6
on retiring. Mother can give the whole
family physic in this way and "laugh in
her sleeve" at them. If you want to
make wry faces, drink some of the juice.
MRS. W. J. W.
Miss B. E. S., Lake Maitland, writes
as follows to the editor of the Florida
Weekly Times, by whom she 'has been
turned over to our tender mercies:
"I see by a recent i,.ie of your paper
some valuable recipes for doing up
guavas, and I wish to learn through the
medium of the same how to crystallize
fruit. I have ransacked all the'old and
new cook books, but without success.
By giving me any information on this
subject, you will oblige a well wisher ,of
your valuable paper." '
Below are the dire-ctions desired for
oONSERTVES OR CRYSTALLIZE9'1 FRTiT.
It is nut every cue who knows that
these chlc-est of all -sweetmrueats can be
prepared at honie with small exr-enditure
anti a very motilerate share of skill. Al-
most all fruit-s are suitalle for this pur-
pose. Peaches make. perhaps. the best
of all. They are, of course, first peeled,
and then, if clingstones, may be cut
in tlhin slices, or if freestones, halved or
quartered. Small pears, plums, the
Cattle and Chinese yellow hardy
guavas, bananas sliced- crosswise, pine-
apples cut in diamondsor squares, black-
berries, strawberries, ra.pbsrriesi-any
and every fruit may he used.
TO CRY-STALIUZI PE.C'BER.
Alilow.h-lf,-'a pounot-oT'f lijte- g-ar-fTo')
one pound of fruit ; lay fruit and sugar
alternately in a China bowl, and let them
stand until a syrup has been formed;
then put them on the fire in a preserving
kettle to simmer gently until the fruit is
clear,_but not broken to pieces; then
drai' out the fruit and spread iton dishes
to dry iunless.you have an evaporator,
which every Fhlorida family should lhavei,
expose it to the sun all day. and be care.
ful to cover it well with thin gauze, or
Ibees and other insects will sample it all
away: keep watch for showers and take
it indocorsit night; turn the pieces over:
dip into fresh bhot syruponce more, if you
choose. during the drying process, which
must be continued uttil the fruit is
thoroughly dry; then pack away in small
hoxes or ja.rs., first a layer of peaches.
then a layer of granulated sugar.
Proceed as above w;th guavas ithe
small hardy kinds, thie others have too
many seeds. unless cut thin), bananas.
pineapples. cot sntaller fruits, also with
beiries; in putting tlhe latter away, first
roll them i.n granulated sugar.
('-NS-ERVED PEARS C.'R APPLES.
Make a syrup of one quart of water to
two poundsot sugar: boil till quire thick;
then drop in the fruit and let it simmer
until the latter is clear but not broken:
then proceed tq dry and pack aa above.
The syrup must be flavored with cloves.
ginger, or lemon ort orange peel. dried
and finely shredded. so that some of it
may cling to the fruit iu drying.
CONSERVE OF WATERMELON RIMi.
Cut off the hard outside green rind or"
use a --pie melon,"i as well as that part
that is too oft on the other side, leaving
strips of melon, rind not quite an inch in
thickness. Either cut the pieces into
simple parallelograms, or into stars, oc-
tagons or such like shape. Put them
into cold water to remain for twelve
hours. Thenext daydrain off the water
in wlhicb they have been, soaked, and
then boil them for a few minutes in a
strong ginger tea, to which has been
added.a small lump of alum. When
tender enough to allow of darting a
straw through with ease, remove them
from the fire. Prepare a syrup in the
proportion of one pound.-of sugar to one
quart of water, Flavor, highly with
lemon juice and rind, and put in the
kettle as much fint as the syrup will
cover. A convenient sized kettle holds
about seven pounds of fruit, but you can
continue to add until the syrup is ex-
hausted. Let ihe fruit gently simmer
just long enough to be transparent and
become impregnated with the flavor cf
the' syrup: then lift it out carefully with
a perforated preset-ring ladle, and spread
upon large flat dishes.

Our Young' Folks' Corner.
LADY.
[Continued.)
Well, Lady soon became an expert in
backing, and all I had to doat any time,
was to tell her to back, and she 'obesed
at once, without a touch of the rein; or
if I desired her to back when standing
on the ground at her side, I had only to
touch her lightly on the breast, and even


Mississippi Valley Poultry Yars, FOR SALE OR EXCHANCE
Missssiili Yadsroll


without the word of command, she
would stdp backward until told to stop.
If I took my position at some distance
in front of her, and called her to "come,"
she would march straight up to me, even
though some one else in the carriage
might be pulling back on the reins, and
trying to stop her. She believed that
she owed allegiance to me, and me only.
If any one could doubt that that was
her opinion, one single ride behind her,
when another member of our family
handled the reins, would lbe quite enough
to convince the most skeptical. There
were blinders on her harness I was
"young and giddy" in those days. and
did not know, as I do now, that blinders
are cruel and injurious to a horse's eyes
and Lady could not see who held the
reins, but she knew just as well as if
she bad had eyesin the back of her head.
Sometimes her driver would urge her
to trot faster, but she disdaineda voice,
rein, and whip, unless the latter came
down heavily, which it rarely did, but if
I, sitting on the back seat of the carriage,
uttered a short, quick --click." which
she and I understood, a signal so low
that her driver did not notice it. would
spring out into a trot so sharp and quick
as to startle those not in the secret.
But that was not all, not a bit of it I
rode Lady almo-t every day-she was L
splendid animal under the saddle-and
before long I could safely drop the reins
on her neck. and guide her by my voice,
even in the crowded drives of a great
pa k, where hundreds of horses and car-
riages wevere passing arid repassiing.
All I had to do was to say, quietly,
'-Lady I" then she would prick up her
ears and listen, 'left," and at once she
would turn off to the left: "-right." and
away she would go to tihe right. If I
repeated the word, she would keep on
until shie had turned completely around.
If 1 gave the order. "trot." --canter."
'-walk," she would obey ou the instant,
and it was really comical to see how
suddenly she would come down from a
swift canter to a walk, juiSt at the one
wordl, even if it was whispered: if. while
cantering. I commanded,.- "faster, faster,"
she would teatr along the hard gravelled
roads, as though there was a big race to
win, and she hiarlad set out to win it.
Ail this, remember, without a touch of
rein or whipr; but she knew more than
this; I co uld guide her just as perfectly
by the touch of the whip as by voice; a
light touch, not a blow, ,ou the flank.
would start her into a trot: on the right
ehouloer, meant a canter; between the
e.irs, a walk; laying the whip against
th'- right side of her neck she understo.,od
to mean, "turn left," and as long as she
felt the pre-ature. she continued to turn,
until, if I chose, she faced entirely
around; so, the touch on the left side of
the neck, meant, "turn right," while
rubbing the whip on her back, just be-
hind the saddle, was the signal to go
faster.
And 6h-E obeyed voice and touch when
in the carriage just as quickly asunder
the saddle, but only my voice and touch.
She would only obey "common folks,"
ie Coe tit"al, common w Wy.- Not One
bit did she trouble herself to perform, or
exhibit her accomplishments at the com-
mand of any one else.
Often, when riding along country
roads,1 would jup down from thesad-
die. to pick wild flowers, and I never
had the least fear that Lady would desert
me. I always left her perfectly free,
knowing that wherever I went s;he would
follow, just as loyally as any dog would
have done, and'sometimes, when my
se-arch placed a fence between us, her
concern was touching; she would go to
the point nearest me. stretch her head
over the fence, and whinuey until I re-
turned, when her delight was shown by
rubbing her head against my shoulder,
and sometimes, to tell the truth, she
disturbed my under-standing by her
-icor.
Often too, when I took a party out
driving. and jumped down to pluck a
few flowers growing along the roadside,
a chorus of lamentations would arouwe
mLe to thie fact that Lidy was following
me up the bank, with a badly tipped
carriage, and a badly frightened cargo
behind her.
i To be coit in v'.t-i. i


PEAGH HILL NURSERIES.
ALL TIHE NEW VARLETtES OF PEACHES,
PLUMS AND PEAR-S BUDDED ON GEN.
UINE FLORIDA RAISED TREES
I-jo n ot send tiGeorgia for mystock and then
sell them a, Fiori.d Trees.
Prices very low. Send lor circulars.
W. P. HORNE,
MacClenny, Fla.


TAPAN CLOVER AND TUTRF GRASS.
(L ipede:a striala a td Paupalium pimlotcale.)
Illustrated and :described in FLoRIDA FARMER
S' AND FRUIT GaowER. :
Supplied at $1.00 per thousand,
-BY-
T. K. GODBEY, Waldo, Florida.


Genuine Wasulaon aind Doble i mperiai Novels.
M, AITLMAID NUIIRSERIES.
OrJer Now it you iish to be iun time.
We1 fll- t\.r F-lF al di W cii[er .r[rLv i-t ,..:.:
I.-.t o GENtUINE WAt-EN.ION NA'ELS.
AlI:,. rr,: VILLA FRANCA, rest an. liuo'.t.r of
Lein,:...7. Als,.. Eo Spi.ilah, Jaffila. .M:,on:a,
Malta O-al. i.d ur, irl' l ri vairtocec ,oft Or'ange,
Lmo'n anri Loro.: We, io o.'ffeir -for the
first time to Florida orange growers the
, DOUBLE IMPERIAL NAVEL,
M.:-Et Prt-lii., N- :-1i n,.,wri ar-.i the
AI WOO:D'D' S-EEDLESS NAVEL.
KEDNEY & CAREY.
W iin" P.nli, ,rn ,g, o.'oiii y. Fir,.


NURSERY STOCK!
A Standard Ptket FenceM chine Two per-
BtoLu- ran wea-eir from one LoTrW hundred rodi m
a day, trom 4 to 6 feet nigh. ata ,oErt 0 rom 3n'
to.50 cenis a rod. Also Wtiite. Leghorn Cock-
erels':'f the Knapp strain.
SE. W. AMSDEN, Ormnond, Fla.


CANADA UNLEACHED HARD WOOD

ASHES
SiipltlJed in car lots. put ip in barez or barrels.
Direct shipmernt Guarante-e itnaiveis. Pnce
and Pamphlet iree. Addr-eis
CILAS SrEVENS.
Box 347. Napanee,
Ontario. Canada.


J. FLETCHER HURLEY, Prop'r,
GRENADA, MISSISSIPPI,
Breeds Prize Winning,
Plymouth RBocks. Wyandottes, Brown
Leghorns and Bronze Tn-rkeys.

00G D FOWLS FOR SALE ATALLTIMES
EGGS IN SEASON.
Won all the Leading Prizes at the
North Mississippi Ponllry Show at
Waler Walley. Feb. 9 to 12, 1557.
Farmers wishing to Lmprove their stoek cari
get SPECIA.L BARGAINS of me. I also sell a
F'irst-Class Incubator,
Poultry Journals and Books at Reduced Prices.
Cen.d for Catalogue and Price List, free: or
writ, for waaors.
Please mennon this paper.


Weber Pman..s, Hanes Pian.:,." -T.e Pianos,
M.:,rrt, Ptano.c, Ciough a Warren Oran'
WLhJcX a. WWhite Ulrgani, Peioinet Stan.dard
:orga a s
I wil sl andi delirver at TO:,ru nearrst station
Hatin Grade .' -



PIANOS
-OR---


ORGANS
F.,r Iti- no-na:r tton a ,'r :.i .r r1o1o1-1 in the
,t root:l E tfitl I.nwloi -rni' a Pa oP, o- .:.r .Organ t1:1
o-b-- nr:. o or A i *:'r u*-i't0 .". retrial, rn) ii out
,-cill-ia'.turT. I n'illo, toe. ln-i~ b-.tn wan-7s. $25'
.- ic'u oioI o1" a niii.Li .:.l- a P1n3., aol ii" cash -
a iii 'r. a n .n.tr -on 'i)r^m raj ptiid it.r-not
lhi.i.i noore iir -n an-ordinary rent. On these
v.-r- rlieral terms anyone can own an instra-
mt1tt. Send for FREE oCATALOGUE contain-
ing full information. Sheet Music, Strings,:
VTi ins. Banjos, Guitars, Accordeons,.and,
ev[ery 1r musical instrument that is made,
.n.1 at t-ri- low prices. Send for complete Oat-
al.:.-. I ha..- '2,000 pieces of Choice Music
.it io ':irnt. e i .: .
A. B. CAMPBELL,


Jacksonville J-


F FERTILIZERS.


Absolutely Pure Vegetable Matter-Guaranteed Analysis.

BONE AND. BLOOD. .--

Ammonia. 7 to 74 per cent. Bone Phoephate. 25 to 30 per cent. Equal to Phos-
phoric Acid. 12 to 11 per cent.

PULVERIZED BONE.

Ammonia, 3 to 4 per cent. Bone Phosphate, .50) to 55 per cent. Equal to Phos-
phoric Acid, v3 to 25 per cent.
See that our name and Shield Trade Hark is on every Sack. Prices and
Samples furnished on application.
WEIGHT AND ANALYSIS MARKED ON EACH SACK.


STETLT, POND NURSERIES.


PEACHES. PEARS, FIGS, PLUMS, KELSEY PLUM AND OTHER FRUITS.

Sen dir or r.'uJar. Circular coniaints short hi]ior7 0of Perich C'altoore in Flori.J'. and hints as
to ,:uitare J. P. DePASS. Areter, Fia


FAIRVIEW


NURSERIES.


W,-Ie teisEId IRnl ap..r:,.d vslricite ri ttie ORANGE aDd LEMON and olhir Citrus Fruti..
Als- PEA'.tEE. PEARS, FIGS. t, ie KELSEY PLUM. PERSIMMONS., GUAVAS. LOQUATS,
POMLEGRA.NAIES, BA.NANA'. PECAN'S and GRAPE V'N'ES. Fi-riLda grown,-of weUll known
var'etie, i'.und o .. be oiUtE' ic' the codl and irLtiat 1 FIc-nrda.
Sendir a catli',. t..: 0. R. THACHER, Manager.
i-a Mateo, Fla.


ALTAMONTE NURSERIES.


The Leading Varieties of Ornange. Lemon and Peach Trees.


'htgaton .Navel.Ort'anges a speieit'.7. l T'r New Orange, -EVERBEA'ERNG." Oranges
eve-ry montn oa in VealI'. Peen-t-.. Bidwed, PRaUaM aad Honev Pear hee. A large stock of Kel-ey
and o-.ther vitriet,: .'m Japan Plumn, ino:iriding the -BLOOD PLUM OF SATSUMA" and the
'-EARLY SWEET PLUM." The new Japane&& Oranges, 0ushiu and Canton'B brid, Waite
Adrianmc and Foindilng Fies, Pears, Percimmonu, Grapes, etc. A large stock of Shade, Avenue
and Ornamental Treec. Roses, Vines, etc.
Send for lustrated Cartai-ue, containing, besides ihe above, descriptions of aUll theold and a
great many new fruit and o-namental trees adapted to Florida.
H. L. WHEATLEY.
Altamonte, Orange County, Florida.


I ST-ART.T.SF'TT-) 1875.


GRAIN. GARDEN SEEDS


.AND -
...'.- :*, -- .. .. :-..".o. A N D ,- -'--


FERTILIZERS.-

V.W V .T .T "l/r A. ..3S,


2 .. 30 West Bay Street, JacksonIvlUe, Fla. "
I handle none bat the Best and blMost ReLiable Seeds. My new catalogue will be:sernt tree on ap-
plicanon. Also .WnolesaJe Dealer ina -

Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Grits, Meal, Bran, Wheat, Ground Feed, Screenings
Cotton Seed Meal, Etc.

STATE AGENT FOR -
J. E. Tygert & Co's Star Brand Fertilizers.
GUA RA.NTEED ANAySIS.-Compn,. Orange Tree and Vegetable Fertili.er, Pure Ground
Bone. Moriate of Potash, Snphate Potasb, Nitrate Soda, Eanlt, Etc. .
Prces on Appe-ation


a*


- C --- --


317


MUSIC HOUSE OF FLORIDA.





A. B. Campbell,

JACKSONVILLE, FLA.


FRUIT TREES AND PLANTS
ALL KINDIr: OF TOitCE VARIMTLES.
For fj, c cr atftlF,:,gi e il, lrt- 9 .
TEXAS HILL NURSERIES,
Mor,-.- u.e FiE.
CHARLES KELLER.


RIVERSIDE NURSERY,
GLEN ST. HARYT. Baker County. Fla.
J. A. DANIEL, PROPLETtOR..
Pa.-ebe, Pears, Apr.,..ts, Japan Eilcey Plim.
Fo.r i.-talgue apply to
J. A. DATNIELS,
Glen St. Mary., Bake'r Cc.., Fla


p. :F- WI-ILSO-$l,
GAINESVILLE, FL'-RinDA,


[E&LER IN
Clioice Field and Garden Seeds,
An-d aii- cai ries a full line of Agrcultraral Im-
plenments. Catalogtesi free on appheatoon..
ROYAL PALMI NIRSERILES.

MANATEE, FLORIDA.
Rure tropical, ornamental and trait plants for
oren aLr.eulture in Fiordidi, anl for the Norhbern
V-F'eu Lihue. Also, a 'fuiili ie ofoemi-rroupieal
tr.tci, phr'nt ao f a-nd -n., and g-eneral nurcer
it-:aK a lapted t,:. Fl.r.Jla aud lthe South
EX-tICs fr'rTn India, Auotiralia and the West
Iridie l:.vny Of therm never before ntr.idnced
Uint tui Unite'l Staiet.
Ti.- m:.oet c-.mniplete deserirtIve catalogue of
tropiali and emi.trotpicaipiants published in
America. Caialoiuie maled, post-paiLdon re-
ceipt of i5 b-enDa. ree to, all customers
S REASONER BROS.
Manaiee, FLa.

CUREEFDEAF
PaCr'S P3 IF..NT 'MPiOA'KD CUSR1ONED CAR DRUMS
riiumrm-it as--l. i no B,'Amtnt and p-r-m thi. wok E-t.tLha
n t r ,r-. niln ti r t'l ,lI lr ,c, c ,- -tOir It ,' ],' l l ,- ylt In [o illW i A L
c.-a.rn-itLo:-.a-,i l ,,rT h ,ard diSncicT. S-d r,.r l si, t
.:3k ,Lr..iL.w:. .tooL, FREE. A:.i-.-tIt.hF. l H.HCu,
653 briwiyi N? Y,1*" hl1,101 UJI" l Elit'['r


ft


.ARJM&O1LT:I. ctc OO'SiB


r
v







FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. OCTOBER 5. 1887.


+ i_ v .... .

LAMINITIS OR FOUNDER.

Causes, Symptoms and Treat-
ment of the Disease.
The following is by E. A. Grange, Pro-
fessor of Veterinary Science in the Mich-
igan Agricultural College; ,
Laminitis may be defined fo' be in-
flam-mation of the sensitive laminaem of
the foot, extending and involving neigh-
boring structures in bad cases.
CAUSES.
The causes of the complaint are wide-
spread and numerous. Have seen more
cases of this disease caused by overdriv-
ing on a hard road than from any other
cause, especially when the weather is
hot and the animal not accustomed to
long journeys, or-out of condition from
a day or two's rest,.
Driving an animal through cold water
when the horse is hot, will produce it at
times.
Allowing an animal to drink immod-
erately of cold water while in a state of
perspiration is liable to bring on an at-
tack.
Overloading the stomach with certain
kinds of grain is a fertile source of this
complaint. Some of the worst cases I
have seen have been the result of ani-
mals gett ing loose at night and getting
to the corn or oat bin, as the case might
Sbe. I have seen it follow spontaneous
d, iarrhea; the injudicious use of purga-
tive medicine will also cause it.
SKeeping animals tied in the stall for
_. too great a length of time, as is some-
-times done during the winter, or the
constrained position necessitated during
a long sea voyage, occasionally proves
the disease.
That condition called metatasis, which
is the flying of inflammation from one
part to another, is thought to occur with
and produce this disease.
I have seen cases occur with metritis
(inflammation of the wornb) when the
symptoms of the first disease subsided,
and those of laminitis were plainly ex-
hibited. The disease is sometimes pro-
duced in one foot by the careless driving
of a nail in shoeing.
SYMPTOMS.
The symptoms of this disorder are pe-
culiar and characteristic. In the first
place, it may be said that in ninety-five
cases out of a hundred, the disease at-
tacks the front feet, though-it sometimes
invades the hind ones, when the symp-
toms will be very different in certain
particulars.
When both front feet are affected, the
animal will be generally found standing
with his back arched and hind feet. car-
ried forward toward the center of the
body, in order that the weight of it may
be borne as much as possible by them
and removed from the fore feet. This
peculiar attitude often leads the casual
observer to think that the animal it
strained across the loins.
If the animal is required to move, il
S will do so with more or less reluctance
S stumbiiling as it goes ahead, or dragging
V" its front feet in an awkward manner, il
required to back up.
The pulse hasa very painful throbbing
feeling to the finger, is full and bound
ing, and also somewhat quickened. An-
S other peculiarity about the pulse is. thai
it can be plainly felt on the sides of the
leg, near the fetlock, and I do not know
of another disease where this peculiar
condition of the circulation is so plainly
exhibited.
The breathing will be accelerated, of
ten to such a degree as to lead one no
familiar with the malady to suppose tha
some derangement of the organs of res
piration is at work.
The muscles in the front of the breas
appear wasted-from the attitude of the
animal, though the pain of the disease i
sometimes so great as to cause tetanic
convulsions, or twitching of many of the
muscles beneath the skin. I have seel
cases where animals were lying down
when first visited, and pawing and groan
ing to such an extent, as might easily
lead one to suppose that they were suf
fearing from colic, or some other enter
disease; hence the necessity of getting
an animal upon its feet before forming
an opinion as to the disease it is suffer
ing from. I might add that the stand
ing posture Is the best one in which ti
examine a horse, either in health or dis
ease.
When the hind feet are the seat of th
disease the symptoms will be somewha
different. The horse will, to use a corn
Smen expression. "stand all in a heap,
the fore feet being extended backward
and the hind feet carried forward. I
the animal is required to walk it will di
it in a peculiar stringhalty, automatic
sort of way. When the hind feet are af
fected animals often lie down, which at
ticude must afford them great relief.
have noticed that while animals assume
the recumbent position while suffering
from this disease, they invariably mak
a more rapid and thorough recovery, sa
of course this attitude should always b
encouraged.
TREATMENT.
The treatment of this disease ma
terially depends upon the cause, and if i
has been produced by spontaneous diar
rhea, or theabuse of purgative medicine
anything that will tend to unduly in
crease the action of the bowels should b
carefully avoided, and those remedie
*, which are used to allay pain, and re
.,. _duce fever, may be given with advan
stage. For these purposes I find grea
benefit from the use of tincture of acc
nite. given in doses of ten or fifteen
drops in a few ounces of water every tw
hours until four or five doses have beei
given. The aconite may be followed b
nitrate of potash, in two drachm doses
dissolved in half a pint of water. ever,
foern hours, for from two to four days.
On the other hand, if the disease is tb
result of an overloaded condition of th
bowels, the superfluous food may begot
- ten rid of by the aid of laxatives-san
.- "; ..,twenty-five ounces of raw linseed oi.
will generally answer. The anims


should not have anything in the shape
of solid food, such as hay or straw,' for
at least twenty:four hours after the oil
is given, but the diet ought to be of a
'laxative nature; warm bran-mashes and
the like have good effect. When the lax-
ative has done acting, the nitrate of
potash may be given as above.
During the last two summerseI have.
had occasion to treat a number of eases,
the result of over-driving on very hot
days, and have found very great benefit
from the free use of nitrate of potash.
I gave an ounce and a half in a pint of
water, every four hours, until three
doses, had been giVen, then stopped for
eight hours, when the doses were repeat-
ed. I would repeat a second time if the
patient was not doing well; laxative
food should be given and the animal al-
lowed to drink, somewhat sparingly.
The local treatment is of great impor-
tance, and consists in the application
of moisture in the shape of water to the
feet, which may be applied in the man-
ner most convenient, in moderate water.
I have found very beneficial effects from
standing an animal in a stream of water
fbr several hours a day, taking care,
however, that their bodies' were well pro-
tected from inclement weather, or hot
.sun. .
When animals have a desire to lie
down, apply wet swabs to their coronets.
In other instances, a puddle made with
blue clay and water, about the consis-
tence of fresh glazier's putty, to which a
few handfulsofsalt may be added, has
proved useful. The puddle should be
made so that the .horse will sink into it
from about four to six inches.
Exercise should be given from the first
and should be repeated three times a day.
being increased from. say, ten miuties
to half an hour at a time, as the horse
gets better. Animals that progress fa-
Vorably from the beginning may be
driven moderately in about two weeks.

Cows Not Giving Down Milk.
Of this troublesome habit Mr. L. B.
Arnold, in the Breeders' Journal, says: It
consists in shortening-the time of relax-
ation of the cords controlling the valves
to the little reservoirs holding the milk.
These are distributed through the udder,
and there are several circumstances
which tend to make a cow shorten this
relaxation. Rough treatment, fear.
grief, solitude, loud noises, etc., are
Among them. The circumstances induc-
Sing a prolongation of the relaxation are
Comfort and quietude, together with the
relief afforded by the flow of milk.
- The best way, according to the author-
ity quoted from, is to avoid all occasion
of disturbance and observe those which
promote pleasure and quiet for the cow,
and to milk as rapidly as possible con-
sistent with comfort, with a view to get-
ting the milk before the 'letting-down'
ceases. Milking rapidly does not mean
jerking sharply or moving with hasty
or irregular motions in the presence of
Sthe cow. Such a course would counter-
Sact the very thing aimed at. The mo-
tion of the milker should not be such as
t to attract suspicions. They should be
deliberate and cool, but when set down
;--toThe milking let nothing be allowed to
Interrupt or retard the work. This will
induce continual letting down by giving
Relief to the udder. The milker should
bear constantly in mind the fact that the
letting down is short, and that every
t movement should be availed of to the
e best advantage. When the milk ceases
V to flow the milking should stop at once,
r whether the milkis all out or not. There
Sis no use in hanging on after it stops
coming, as this cultivdtes aud confirms
the habit of "holding back." To give a
t cow the least possible occasion for hold-
t ing back her milk is. the best way to pre-
- vent her forming such a habit, and the
surest and readiest way to make hei
forget it after it has been formed. Tc
0 break up the objectionable habit, let the
s milking be quick, but easy and regu-
c lar.
e
n -Ensilage for Milch Cows.
1 Butter from cows fed on ensilage
- stands in the first class in our most criti-
Y cal markets and has done so for years.
- I do not mean to refer to extreme cases
c of irrational, exclusive feeding of ensil-
9 age. or any approach thereto. On t.he
9 use of ensilage I am no enthusiast, or ex-
- tremist, but believe it to be a valuable-
- in most cases an invaluable-addition tc
0 our list of foods for cattle; for dairy cat
3- tie and butter makers at that And, tc
my mind, it is well settled that the
e market ethe will of the great majority
t of the best buyers) approves the use ol
- good ensilage as part of the ration foi
butter cows as on a par with roots and
d grain and hay.-Prof. Alvord.
If
o Cotton Seed for Milch Cows.
S J. I. C, of Marietta, Ga., writing to the
- Rural New Yorker, says: I feed but little
I cotton seed; not any to cows giving
e milk. They contain too much oil to suit
g me. The hulls are very indigestible. I
e believe hogs would die if fed on them
o Cows fed on seed make butter white and
e quite hard like tallow. I contract my
butter at thirty-five cents per pound the
year through. I would rather pay sev-
enty cents for corn than fifteen cents foe
" seed. The latter is worth that price foi
it manure. I use 4,000 to 5,000 bushelh
every year for that purpose.

" An Idea about Hogs.
?8 ELittr Florida Fuerrir and Frurt.il-,ii'er:
I am not a practical farmer, and, foi
i- that reason, cannot speak with the con
t fidence of one, but I would like to ex
e- press one thought that has been on mi
o mind for some dime, and then would lilk
o some of your readers that are better
u qualified to judge than I am to criticism,
y what Isay.
s, The point is this. We want all: the
y fertilizer we can make here at home fo
our fruit trees and vegetables, and i
e seems to me there is no way of making
e it so cheaply as by getting hogs of gooc
t- breeds, by the dozen or hundred, accord
y tag to the means of the farmer or size o
I, his farm. Build suitable pens for them
LI and if possible have good water it
'p


abundance for them to drink and bathe,
in. Then raise branching sorghum,' teo-
sinte or some other forage crop in abun-
dance for them to eat. You can begin
to cut it when three feet high nd go
over it three or more times in the sea-
son.
It seems to me they could be kept in
this manner for at least eight months in
the year and that they would need but
little grain until ready for fattening for
killing, If 1 am :right a first class ma-
nure would be made that would nearly
pay for the keeping of the bogs and leave
the pork for profit. What say the old
farmers? A J. A.
ORLANDO, Fla., Sept. 20, 1887.
[The penningof stock, soiling and the
general economy of feed and manure, are
subjects which deserve much discussion,
and we hope that all who have had .at-
isfactor y experiences will share them
with our readers.-A. c.]

Sheep in Walton County.,
Editor Florida Farmer ad Fruit-'wQ'oc'r.
Oneof the first industries t, which the
pioneers turned their attention in WVal-
ton county was ihe raising of sheep.
The flocks supported themselves in the
woods, with no attention except to be
driven up in spring, when the fleeces
were taken off, the lambs marked, and
all turned out again. The sheep were
all scrub stock. The fleeces averaged
about two pounds each, but as there
was no expense except shearing, there
was a good profit.
Sheep raising. I am told. cannot now
be made profitable under the old vtle of
management. The settling up of the
pine woods has increased the numbel'r of
dogs and hogs, the former destroying
many of the grown ones, and the latter
eating up .the lambs in spring time.
There are still vast tracts of pine iands
which could be easily and cheaply in-
closed and with improved stock and one
good man to ee to them all'the time,
the business of sheep raising might be
made very profitable.' C. C. G.
ARGYLE, Fia., Sept. 19,1887. ,


sultry adud es

Housing Poultry.
The first great and most important
consideration is the proper housing, for
with rickety, shiftless buildings no suc-
cess can be expected. How much room
fowls require 'is a question upon',which
there is much diversity of opinion. Our
experience shows that the more room
allowed the better. At least ten cubic
feet of air should be given each and
every full grown hen, in a closely built,
well ventilated house.
It is an erroneous idea that proper ven-
tilation can he secured by leaving the
building unstripped or poorly inclosed.
Fresh air should be allowed ingress in a
systematic way, and not permitted to
come pouring in at will upon whichever
side the wiid happens to strike. It is
no more correct to allow our feathered
tribe thus Lwsuffer_.haL'w, _e uld per-
mit cracks to be left in the sides of our
sleeping room for the sake of the circu-
lation of outside air.
A good and cheap house can be built
in the simple shed form, with the high
side toward the south or southeast,
and of such dimensions as to contain
at least ten or twelve times as many
cubic feet as the number of fowls to he
placed therein. For instance, a house
10 by 10 feetesquare. 6-feet high at the
hack, and 10 feet high at the front, con-
tains 800 cubic feet, which at most would
roost eighty fowls, although we would
prefer not to put over fifty or sixty in
the same space.
A row of holes six inches square, and
cut six inches apart, near the top of the
boarding of the high or south side, cov-
ered .ith wire or strips, and supplied
with slide or flap shutters, so that any
or all of them can he closed during in-
tense cold or fumigation, provides for
ventilation. A window or two, with
the sill one or two feet from the floor, is
highly beneficial. Where sash are not
easily obtained, holes may be cut in the
wide boards, and the panes of glass put
over them, on the inside, with rebated or
beveled strips nailed on. The floor may
be either earth, wood, or cement. This
gives us a healthy, comfortable house at
small cost, and the excess of cost over a
half-closed shanty, will be doubly saved
in less than a year.

Bone Dust for Poultry.
Bone dust for mixing in poultry food
should be on on average about the fine-
ness of fine oatmeal. There are usually
large pieces interspersed, but these need
not be taken out, as any too large will be
rejected, though the meal may be sifted
from any larger than peas. if desired.
The price never being much more per
pound than good mea', it should be used
liberally with'all the soft food, and
about one ounce mixed with every half
pint of dry meal before adding the milk
or water.
The Apiary.


It has been asserted by some that the
larval of the wax mnioth can not exist on
clear, pure beeswax, but that pollen is
required to successfully breed these pests
ot the apiarist. However, lately much
evidence is accumulating that such
larva? do thrive between cakes of wax,
and that comb foundation soften injured
by their work.
In many sections where little or no
honey is being gathered, robbing may be
expected and should be guarded against.
If you have weak or queenless colonies,
break them tup and remove the hives to a
safe place. Do not expose honey where
the bees can get at it. or it will demoral-
ize your whole apiary. It is wonderful
how soon bees discover that honey can
he had and how persistent they are. I
have sometimes thought that bees would
work ten times harder(like human be-
ings) to steal than to getl-it by honest
toil. The only safety is to -expose no
honey and to keep all hives so strong that


.titialnmost sure death for a robber to,
enter.' .-- . '
At' a recent meeting of the Physiologi-
6al Society of Berlin it was stated that
when the bee has filled the cell either
with pure honey or a mixture of pollen-
dough and honey. and has completed the
lid, a drop of formic acid obtained from
the poison bag connected with the sting
i added to the honey by perforating the
id with testing. Numerousexperiments
show that this formic acid preserves
honey and every other EOlution from fer-
mentation. if this be well established it
will show that the- sting and ihe poison
apparatus of the bee has a further pur-
pose than as a defensive or offensive
weapon. Another interesting fact sug-
gests itself in connection with this. So
far as is known most of the insects that
havestinging apparatus similar to that
of the bee are collc':tors and stores of
honey.-North Carolina Farmer.
+
Hints to Bee Keepers.
Never crush one if you can help it.
Bees will not follow one-into a build-
ing.
Always have hives in readiness for new
swarms.
Newly. hived swarms should be placed
in the shade.
Never breathe upon the bees, strike at
them or jar the hive.
It is easiest to manipulate bees when
they are making honey.
The odo)r of perspiration an]d of dirty
woolen clothing is very offensive to bees.
The loss of swvarms can be entirely
preeiented by clipping one of the queen's
wings.
Buy hive, that will last a lifetime.
There are many hiveson the market that
are only made to sell.
The mo-t savage bees can be made as
harmless as house flies by sprinkling
them with sweetened water.
Never tub a stung place. Push a sting
out with the finger nail: when you pull
it out, you drive the poison into the
wound.
Let all your movements be slow and
regulate, it you would not be stung.-
Don't be nervous nor fidgety when work-
ing with bees.-Home and Farm.

Old cows can seldom be fattened at a
profit, even if their flesh is as valuable'jsi
that of younger ones. because it requires
so runtich more time and feed to do -it.
But their flesh is not equal to that of an-
imals in their prime, so there is a loss,
both in thequality and in the coat of pro-
ducing.


ROLLESTON -NURSERIES.

3i'HiiiU (n'-rieg, Ltion an- torier M:rtiei- i
rhe iittru if'l-ily -iij *-.ter irut' -w ',i t-'. i tii0
'iiihite.i". Mlurk in [Ih? r.:,i[ >lt ,.,';l1| :.Lu for lirt :
oi'lders. 'uorr-oiiininni.i: oi- o'it1--J No ,.hatlg?-
ipar i.ickjinr air niJ p.i:!r-. Catiii'g e free.
Aitit tee,'
A. J. BEACH & SON,
Palatka, Fla.


R. X. ELLIS, 0. E. A. z. tMCLUtE, Architect.
ELLIS & McCLURE,

Archlitoects & Civil E inoors,
Pinntao fr
HOTELS, PUBLIC & PRIVATE BUILD-
INut_,. SANITARY ENGIOLNEERING-, &c.
P (. ox 784. Rooms and S Palmetto Block
B J.y Stre-Ft.
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.


Mrs. MA.RA -_ MCCLURIT. C.,lminib., ,ro.,
Iiu Snlw eri writes: "I addressed 0ou i November, t l.
LIIVE R UIUb in regard to my healtn, beiLg afflicted wit.
Lin veer disease, beart trouble, and female weak-
AND ness. I was advised to use Dr. Pier, o's
HEART TRUilERr Golden Medica Discovery. Favorite Pr-
HElARITI iT UUBLE 8erprho and Pc-tiea. I Used one bottle
1Of fhe "'Prescript~ion,' five of toe "Tiecc-v-
kery,' and four of the Pi-asant Purgtanve Pellets.' My health be--
"'gan tO improve under tne useof your medicine, and my strength
came back. Mj dafflcuities have ait dsappearrd. 1 can woIrk hard
'EL -ay, orwalkIRri'M feraClTC`. ilnda rt,-ulIt ffld-Wtcr'
.1 began using the medicine I could seareelv walk across the room.,
most ofe the ume. and I did not. think I couJd ever feel wenl aain.
I have a little baby girl eight months old. Although she is a Lrtie
delicate In size and appearance, she is healthy. I -ive your reme-
dies all the credit for curing me. as I took no other treatment after
beginning their use. I am very grateful for your kindness, and
thank God and thank you that I am as weil as I am after years
of suffering." Mrs. 1. V. WEasr( cr Forkqhrc, Cattortai Co.,
I V N. r.. writes: I wi.h to say a few w:rds ffnpraiise
LIVER oIf your "Golden Medical Discovery 'and aPlasaD
1 I Purganve Pellets.' For five years prev-c-us to
SllEAlSE 1tailag them I was a great sufferer: I had a
Iu Llsevere' pain in my right side cuntinualui: was
unable to do my own work. I am happy to say
I am now well and strong, thanks to your medicines."
Chronic Diarrhea Cured.-D. LAZARRE., Esq. T76 and !77
Deeatur Strect New OrleaRns, La., writes: "I used three bottites iof
the 'Golden Medical Discovery,' and it has cured me of chronic
diarrhea. My bowels are now regular."


TRADE' U~



^^^^VON"TT^
bDIE IN THE HOUSE

Gone where the Woodbine Twineth.
Rats retr smirt, brut "Roirt a ONR RAn;' beats
them. Clearns .-.ut Rats. tli'e. Roachee. Water
Bu.a, Flesi, Beel-s. Moths. Aots. Moeqwuoes,
ed. r.uss. ins-i,., Potato Bugs. pwarrows,
1k-Lria,. Weasel, Gophers. ChpmTunks. MI,:leg,
Mlunk Rat- Jack RJabbts. SqutrrJ I H e .& ,
HEN LICE.
"R"Ci0 ON RAj" is a ccompere preventive
arid ostroyer ,f Hen Lice Mix af leC. bos C(
"Ro:noa ON Rart" to a [-ad f 4 hiten[ash,
ke'rp it awell rtrreid o',- wu-l- a.plyiris? Wbte-
wasn the r wh,, iriitl-n>,r <.t the Htiiterv; irilde
an-i ouilsudeof the ne-. 3 The cure is radical
and complete. POTATO BUGS
(, For Potato Bugs. irsects on
Vir,:s, Shtirubs. Trees, 1 pound
:,rhalf the contents if a $1.00
S b.:-.xsof "RoBGH ON RAiTs-"'Agri-
tuln-ral Stze'i to, be tiboroiuily
nas xed bth :ne to trwo barrels
.4,:, plaster, or what isbenerair
ia-oked lime Much depends
upon thor.-:.ugh mixirii. o, as
to c':,m pl't-ly djmbuta the OuIE-.Dn. Sprinkle
It .:,n plat-i, tre-e or shrubs wben damp or
wit, aLnd is quit .- efective when m.isod with
lime, idu[ed on witoI,'t moisture while in
Its e-,ricen'rrirtd elate it is the moet arrive
an] strrotge -atiall BIe-' P:isons; when mixed
as aibre is -,:Ipararively ba-mies- to: ali-
mal_,.:.r p.-rs.nn. in anyV quarsiry they would
take [ffr.'elr,:dr to Iue in liquid f.-rm-.a able-
sp,,mi fo.f [the fui srrenmt "RoauH ,ON isa"
Pwi,j.r, n-wU ishaki,-. in a keg Of ratir and
ap-FlI,.l wirh a ipritn.linr p..rt t-ray sytige
(.r 'OtJ.L r.:,: i,-ll be found very "E i-.'LJre.
K,:-er- it r-lil trr-d Lp v-hil ui'i .,i S ,l1 t-I .
.i [ru, rEte an-j Stre-keepers lm'C .2-o' : 'i.
E. S. WeLLc. Chemisr, Jerey Oriy, N J.


S ENt) YOUR

Job prirtipg
TeTO THE rIME--UNION JOB OFFICE,
CONNSELLY A TiE, Lessees.


WANTED.
A tenant who understLands i he. rrmnog and
shipmen :, f garden truck and fruit, to clilirte
a iarge farmn ar-i orariL--grorves or shares. Best
,if iiar.niock l.'nd rif Finn annual! i'rnuct of
ab,;ut i1,',i"",ornnges A man with twour trure
boyc l:rge enougiI andi nuot afraid to work c:in
hear of a r.re ,'han'e Lw ap'l'icat'-11n, to tie ua-
dcrstined, at Manatre/Fla.
ReiCe-reneb ri-.4ared J. H. VISER.

Fancy Poultry and Hunting Dots,.
Eggs For Hatching From Leading Va-
rieties of Domesticated Land
and Water Fowl
---_ 1 "E::BR, 13.--. :
Also Th..roughil..red YouIg SetIter- and oianrzs.
Ailtreie ViLLA ZaNZA PO'rLTR YYiAnDS
Manatre. Fia.

HELL POND NURSERIES.
PEACE, ES, PEARS, FIGS., PLUMS., KEL-EY
PLUMS i.ND OTHER FRUirs.
S rind ijr 'ir- ruiar C .r:ultr i-ntainc, a short
hiit:.ry >i Pei-Can C iture in Flor-Wa, anid hitsa
asto culture.
J. P. DePASS,
Archer, Fla.


FREE, ONE SAMPLE OPY..
Bef'urte y.;.n decide wbere to go in SOUTH
FL-'RIDA, s[end iora ample copy of
THE ORANGE GROVE.
You vii-l find better and cheaper bargains in
MN'AirE Conrv in grores. farmer, ranches iof
any si&ze. ulldimg In to on railroad, rirer or sea-
si,-. Thb- pr.uptetor of "Tbe Orange Grov'-,'" 1
an "oil trimer. but neither moss reli'd or htid
bound ; he L'- here to sta and There rL millions
in it." Three MILhons cf Acres on his Books.
AddressI 'THIE GROVE. LIVERPOOL. FLA.


I | M-rs. PARBMELIA BRUNDAGSB, of 161 L..,,:k Stre't,
GENERAL LokpurtN, ,. r. writes: I- was n-oubjd wit
Ii c.hLil3, nervous and general debility, w-ith frequent
DEBILITY. sre throat, and my mouth was badly cankered.
UMk II/I ly liver was mactive, and I suffered much from
oyspepsi,.;-.I am pleased to say that your"'Gulden
Medical Discurery' and "Pellet' have cured me of a these
adlments and I cannot say enough in- their praise. I muet also
say a word in reference to your 'FavoMte Prescripion,' as it
has proven itself a most exceuent me.i,:ine for weak females.
It has been used in my family with exceUllent results."
Dpyspepsia.-JAM'Ls L. COLBY, Es4., of YrutCtn, Host.,n CC.,
Minn., writes: "I was troubiNid witi mdigesanron, and would eat
heartJy and g-rowpoc.ra the same time. Iexpenenced heartburn,
sour stomach, and many ofher disagreeable symptoms common
to that disorder. I commenced raking your
I,,_., "Gldc:o Medical Discoverr' and 'PeUet.' and
INIVIGORTES I am now entirely tree from the dyvEpepia. and
1 1am, in fact, healthier than I have been for
THE SYVSTEM. f1ive ye^at I weibh one hunidrcd and serenty-
I b w-H.one. andc3ib-haif pounds, and have done as
R 9 much work tbe )i,,t summer as I have ever
done in the same length of time in my life. I never took a
nimdicine that saemed-to tone up the muscles and invigorate
the whole system equal to your 'Discovery' and *'Pellets.'"
Dyspepsia.-TaREs.A A. CAs, of Springftild, Mo., writes:
"I was troubled one year with liver complaint, dyspepsia, and
sleeplessness, but your "Golden Medical Discovery' cured me."d
Chills and Fever.-Rev. H. E. MOSr.-, Montmtornct, S. C.,
writes: Last August I thought I would die with chills and fever.
I took your 'Discovery' and it stopped them in a very short time."


T "THE BLOOD IS THE LIFE."
Thoroghy cleanse the blood, which is the fountain of health, by using Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery, and good
digestion, a fair skin, buoyant spirits, and bodily health and rigor wil be established.
Golden Medical Discovery cures all humors, from the common pimple blotch, or eruption to the worst Scrofula, or blood-
poison. Especially has it proven itsefficacy in curing Salt-rheum or Tetter, Fever-sores, Hip-joint Disease, Scrofulous Sores
and Swellings, Enlarged Glands, and Eating Ulcers. .
Rev. F. Asar R" HOwELL, Pastfer of the M. E. and can walk with the help of crutches. He does not suffer any
INDIGESTION Church, of Silr'foe, N!. J.. says: "I was af pain, and can eat and sleep as weUl as an ode. Ir has on.y.been
BLfied with catarrh and indigent. Boils anI about three months since e commence us Ig your medicine.

'.me ~ ~ ~ ~ Bol an aea be fcomameosn^ATERBL ^^^
*Be ilS, oalotches began to arose on theta swface of the I cannot find words with whcn to express"my gratitude for the
skin. and I experienced a tired feeling and benefit he has received through you."
BLOTHES. ta duneser I began the use of r Pierces
uoorOThe i h den Mde.al Disolvery as di.e.otee by Skin Disease.--The"DemocratandNews,"
him for such complaints, and in one bs I*'"*"",..1 of Cambodue, Marginnd, says: "Mor Eta zA
week a lteA IRIBLEE A-wa PooLEr. wile ts Leonard Poole. of Wil-
time I began ato feel itke a now man, and am now sound and weor ItEaNsI t hear buorg, Dorcheter Co., Md., has been cured
The| Pleasant Purganve Pe:.I ts' are the best remedy for blious or I AFleITION i of a bad case of Eczema by using Dor. Pierce's
sick headace oir tightness about the' chest, and bad taste in the o e edicie e dsae p
moutb, that I ase over used. My wife could not, wak across the A wa lkTaNroo asbd cs e ead hcemray. sinse. Pie rce's
fioor when she began to take your 'Ooiden Medical Discovery.' a peeed first h er l fee extedo nded to the kndeesa,

UISESE. pellts,'be ws c.nfln-d 1 hish-iand oujd Mr.earA dYES ofr E t inhr feret, exrtened to Cthe knees,
Now she can walk quite a Little ways, and do some ight U work' covering the whole of the lower limbs from feet to knees, hen
attacked theelbows and became so severe as to prostrate her.
tMrs. IDA l"1. STRONG, of 4An.?worth, Ind..writes: Alter being- rated by several phys-iclans for a year or two she
HIPdOIT I"My little boy had been troubled with hip-joint commeenced the use of the medicine named above. Shea scion
e ,disuaso for two vc ars. When se comm ced the began to mend and is now well an.d hearty. Mrs. Poole thinks
'DoIS theAS USt of your 'Golden Media s Disco ery' and the medicine has saved her life and prolonged her days."
Mto .J P I Eilethe was eondned to his bed, and could Mr. T. A. Avairs, of Ealt New l arh .Durhe-letr Couni, Md..
not be moved w-ithout suffering great an. But vouches for the above facts.
now, thank to your' Discovery,' he is able to be up all the time,

CONSUMPTION, WEAK LUNGS, SPITTING OF BLOOD.
GOLODn NMEDICAL Dtscovriav cures Consumption (which is Scrofulaof the Lungs) by Its wonderful blood-panfytng, indtgora-
tinoe and nutritive properties. For Weak Lungs. Sporting of Blood, Shorrte-s of breath, Bronchtns, Severe-Coughs, Asthma,
and kindred a ffectIeons, it is a sovereign remeay. Whie it promptly cures the severest Cough it strengtelse the system.
and purrfles tin ,blood.
thapirsdpy builds up the system, and incrleases the flesh and weight of those reduced atlow the usual stand 'rof health aby
"wast]Ofn diseases."
Consu.m ption.-Mrs. EDWAR D ONkto. of Harrow.nith, cal Discovery' Ihascured my daughteroof a very ad ulcerlocated
Ont., writes: You will ever be praised by me for the remarka- on the thigh. After trying almncs everything without success, we






that currbe din ee Uosrpin do -yot doa itk 'r- ie-odnMdc Discovery." wih eld tu
ble cure in my case. I was so reduced that my friends bhad all procured thee-bortles of your 'i cover, wc ea t up
given me up, and I had also been given up by two doctors. I then perfectly." Mr. Downs continues: t
went to the best doctor in these part. He told me that medicine
was only a punishment in my case, and would not undertake to Consumption and Heart Disease.-"I aSo wish to
rreat me. He said I mght rrv Cod liver obl mIT thank you for te remarkable cure.rou have effected In my case.
liked. as that was the only thLig that could pongi= For three years I had suffered from tatterri-
IVEN P b~,rt-ave any c N-ai.ve power over consumption 8, S .. ibl e dlaease, eonsption, and heart disease.
I I far at'an-d. I trued the Cod PvO.r ob as a last A :UDTO Before consultng'you I.had wasted away to
GTO lIE enbut 1. wa so weak I could not keep it A BLE N skeleton: could otsleep norrest, and many
v stomach.,bfy husband, not feeling sast-fled N' I times wished to die to be out of my misery. I
tonORDS Dh e NSAd Rthen consulted you, andAyou told me you had
to me u tthugh he r etad bought for me of urg me butwoud take time.
eer hin e saw ad'vervlsed for m.,tom a laint. procureid a quan- hpso uigm u tol ak ie
everything he saw a d erted fom i nt, 'pr bottlesa took five months' treatment in all The first two months I was
aidy of youir G Gden Medical Discovery.' tong only fo ,ur bottles, almost discouraged' could not perceive any favorable symptoms
and, to the siu-firiso of everybody, am to-day doing my ownu work,bu h thrmohIbeatopkupifenansrnt.1
and am entirely free from that termble cough which tarrassed me but that bird month I began to pick up in flesh and strength.iY
nigt andday. I hsvebeenoafflicted with rheumatism forasnumber eanrnot now recite how. stepdu y bstep, the signs and realities.f
of years, and now feel so much better that I believe, with a con- dretu 'ginr health gradually but. surely develpedthemsel
tinua'ton of' your' Golden Medical Discovery,' I will be restored To-dastroI. the scales at one hundred and sixty, and am wea
to perfect health. t would say to those who are falling a prey a to Our proncpal reliance g curing Mr. D
that terrible disease consumption, do not do as I dud, take eer4 wa Our pGolpen reancea Dincuerig.D
thing else first; but take the.'Golden Medical Discovery 'in'the was the"Golden Medical Discovery."
early stages of the disease, and thereby save a great deal of siu- 1o cFAi , F, sq., Athens, L,
fering and be restored to heaLtb at once. Any person who is /l1rJos: "rF.-I FAd equenthens La.,
stid in doubt. need but write me, inclosing a stamped, ..self-..LEEDING w-ites: MyW-- had frequent bleeding from
esseft -WI the lungs before she commenced using your
addr. envelope for reply when the foregoing statement FM 'Golden Medical Discovery.' She. has not
be fullyubtanated by me." o since its use. o some six months
Ulcer Cured.-ISAAO IE. Dowws. Esq.. of Sirfnig Va.see, she has been feeling so well at she-has
Roch'liuud Co,., N. Y.e(P.O. Box 28u, -writes: "Theo'Golden Medi- discontinued It."
Golden Medical Discovery is Sold by Druggists. Price $1.00 per Boftle, or Six Bottles for $5.00.
WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Proprielor,
-o. 663 Main Street, BUFFAL.O 7. "N'.


Ai


*-I


4


318


LIVER, BLOOD AND LUNG DISEASES.


< . .


- - I --. --l I -- .. I I .


Bees and Queens.
Orders will be booked now for delivery dur-
ing April, May or June, oj' "uy isuperlor race
ofpb.re .: :

Italian Boos and Ueens.
Queens bymali a specialty
Give me a trial order
For;pri.,'es or other Inftormatuion. address
H C. HART,
:Eustis, Orange Co., Fla.








FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. OCTOBER 5, 1887.


A FEW .WORDS ABOUT THE DE-
STRUCTIVE CHINCH BUG.

Fairs Worthy of a Largo Attendance.
Iron Stac'k Bottoms That Will Last a
Lil, Ame-An Attractive Trellis Made
of Galvanized Wire.
The spider web trellis here represented
closes the end of a piazza in front of one
of Long Island's suburban residences. It
was introduced to general notice through
a recent issue of American Garden, in
which appeared the following description
of It:


A SPIDER's WEB TRELLIS.
A trellis like the one in the cut, which
Is formed In the resemblance of a gigantic
s...pider's web, can easily be constructed
S with hammer and wire cutter by
the use of a few small staples and wire,
such as can be found at any hardware
store. Galvanized wire -seems the best.
A little studyof any natural web will
give the principles of construction. The
form seems favorable for the growth of
tines, and it is a relief from the monotony
if perpendicular wires. Of course, when
S covered with clustering vines'the shape is
lost, but th.bat does not come about In a
day, ana rarely in a season, and it gives
an interest to the place when bare. In
u. "ne presented in the sketch a screen
was wanted In an opening between piazza
supports, around which was growing a
luxuriant vine of the Dutchman's pipe
(Aristolochi. sypha), and the web was
being covered with the feathery foliage of
the cypress vine.

r' Attend the Palrs.
Farmers and their families ought to
attend, when possible, tdth their state
and county fairs. These exhibitions are
many of,them excellent educators in all
branches of agri culture. The prime obl
jeet is to benefit the farming classes by
grouping together once every year the
choicest products of farm, garden, orchard,
dairy and breeding pens, the latest Im-
"ulvements in mechanical contrivances,
er tLhat every man and woman who is
present may know Just what progress is
being made by others and the possibilities
that await all who desire to attain to Im-
proved methods and their paying results.
To make these fairs generally attractive
there should be from each farm in the
surrounding country an exhibition of the
choice products of the season, whether
from the garden, field, dairy or house-
wife's pantry and work room. Even If
no prize is taken the effect will be a good
one on both the farmer and his family. A
spirit of rivalry will be created that will
stimulate alike young and old to renewed
r.&. ,-rtis toward the attainment of better
Things during the year to come. To
farmers' who anticipate purchasing new
implements, or entering on new branches
of farming, a visit to- some of the fairs
will be especially beneficial from an eco-
ticmical point of view. There is nothing
liki seeing for one's self; It is much safer
than taking things on trust.

:' Durable Stack Bottoms.
In te British Isles stack bottoms are
'' largely manufactured and enter into trade
to quite an extent, and there appears no
'reason why these conveniences may not be
made and sold here.


PLAN OF DURABLE STACK BOTTOM.
The cut illustrates one of these bottoms
made of cast iron. Southern Cultivator,
while admitting that, durability and
-strength considered, this is probably the
eheap.est and best material that can be
used or thfie purpose, says there Is no rea-
son why the above model cannot be formed
entirely-of timber.

Prize Article on Wheat Growing.
The prize article on wheat grou-ing In a
recent, issue of Farm Journal was written
by John M. Stabl, of Quincy. Ills.- A-s it
contains much solid matter insmail space,
every line of which is instructive, it is
here reproduced for the benefit of oar
readers.
The best sol for wheat is magnesian
limestone, or a limestone clay; but it can
be profitably grown on nearly every fertile,
drained soiL On soils lacking in silica
the straw lodges; lacking In lime, the


berry is not plunp. Grdwifig wheat o:
undrained land Is foolishness. If nc
drained naturally, drain the land artifice
ally. Earth does not expand in freezing
water does. If the surface soil is fille
with water durlng-the winter and sprin,
Its freezing and thawing will heave ou
the young plants; If the soil is drained th
heaving will be much less. Drained sol
retains the most moisture in midsumme
also.
Plow early, very early-as soon as yoe
can get the preceding crop off the land
Get to work in July.at least. The ground
will be harder in August, and wheat, un
like corn, does best on a "seasoned" seei
bed. Follow close with the harrow am
roll at once. This will crush the clod
while they are-soft and retain the moisture
in the ground; otherwise the clods wvil
harden and the ground dry out. When
requires a rather shallow, compact seea
bed. A compact seed bed Is not a hard
Syet a solid one. -It ip made by bringing
the particles of fine ground close together.
Hence after the ground is plowed put or
it all the work with harrow, roller and
drag that you possibly can. No danger
of too much work being put on.
The best manure for wheat, i clover
eod; next, stable manure-spread soonr
after plowing; then the work of fainng the
soil will mix It with the upper stratum ol
the soll, the proper situation for wheat.
By Oct. 1 have seed bed solid, but fine,
except two inches of fine, loose earth on
surface. Late sowing avoids damage by
Hessian fly, and if soil is property con-
ditioned the plant will get large .iough.
Use three to four pecks of seed pai 1cre-
not more. Seed with two-hosf drill,
-ridges rnnnlg at right angle to direction
of prevailing winter wind. With the drill
the seed is the more uniformly distributed
and covered, and the ridges hold the snow
on the'piants in winter and crumble down
on the exposed roots In the spring.
If wheat is to follow corn, cut off the
corn; do not plow the ground, but mellow
its surface with disk harrow orcultivator.
Fine surface, and drill the grain.
Test at least one new variety each year.
Change your seed every three years.
SCut early. By so doing you avoid
storms and shattering, the straw Is more
valuable, the sheaves stand better in the
shock, and the grain makes better flour
while it will weigh practically as much.
Put the best hands at shocking. Ten
bundles to a shock and one cap sheaf with
its head toward prevailing winds. Thresh
from the shock and stack the straw well.
A thrifty plant is the best thing to op-
pose to frost, insects or dro-aght.

The Destructive Chinch Bug.
As the chinch bug has wrought much
damage'to the grain crops in most of the
western states and in portions of. Mary-
land and Virginia, attention is called to
Eomue of the more popular, remedies or pre-
ventives; also to the natural agencies
which assist in the destruction of this
pest, '. : .-
Numbfred with artificial remedies
which have yroven most effective are the
following;. .._.- ..
The plan of scr.-Itng grain so early In
the spring as to get .' advance of their
depredvions. \
The attempt to save a part of the crops
by preventing the migration of the bugs
from one field to another.
The method of destroying the Insects by
burning cornstalks and other rubbish In
which the chinch bugs are supposed to
hibernate.
The prevention of the bugs breeding to
any serious extent by abstaining from the
cultivation of those grains upon which
they chiefly subsist.
While this little pest is not pursued by
such relentless foes as those that wage
war on the army worm and plant lice,
still It has Its enemies. Professor Rley
names among the insects that prey upon
chinch bugs, and which, therefore, should
be protected when found, the spotted
lady bird, trim lady bird, lace wnlug
fly, 'nsidi,,us flower bug and many
banded robber. The banded bug Is
mentioned by Professor Thomas as
being one of the most efficient aids among
the insect enemies. The insidious flower
bug, which is often found preying on the
leaf Inhabiting form of the grape phyllox-
era, is frequently mistaken for the chinch
bug. The flower bug is quite commonly
found in connection with the chinch bug,
and Professor Riley believes that it preys
upon it.
The common quail of the middle and
western states, otherwise- known as the
partridge of the northern states, is con-
sidered one cf the most efficient natural
destroyers of the chlnch',bug known.

Weevilas in Grain.
Numerous remedies have been tested
and recommended for weevils in grain
bins. Once the weevils are in the grain
as certain a remedy as any is probably
bisulphide of carbon introduced into the
bin, which Is then covered to confine the
vapor. An objection urged by some
against the use of bisulphide of carbon is
that the vapor arising from it Is very ex-
plosive, and therefore careful handling Is
required. Aniseseed is one of the old
remedies. This Is placed near an Infested
bin and Is said to attract the weevils, and
these can then be destroyed. Millers re-
sort sometimes to kiln drying to destroy
the weevils.
In this as in many other cases the best
remedy is a preventive. When possible
avoid storing grain in bins that have been
infested. When it is not practicable to
change the place of storage fumigate the
granary with burning sulphur. Fumiga-
tion should not only be done before the
grain is placed in the bins, but repeated
in the course of a month or two after it
has been stored. An abundance of light,
with thorough cleanliness in the mill, will
be found beneficial. Millers advise white-
washing the gram bins inside and out, and
washing the floors occasionally with hot
water. Expose the wheat to the light by
frequently stirring it or pouring from one
bin into another; this will also prevent its
becoming heated. The weevil is adverse
to light and air, hence the advice to fre-
quently expose it to the light, with ample
ventilation.
The hog Is a grass eating animal,
though people do not always seem to
realize It. Swine like both grass and hay.


~1
ti-..J*


4Jamilg i^tddUng


| THREE ETON BOYS.
it
e BY W. E. NORRIS.

r CHAPTER XVIL
Murder, the proverb tells us, will oui
a and although, of course, we do not knoi
Show many murders have remained undis
d covered, appearances seem to lend support
I- to the theory. -In like manner, I have a]
Sways observed that anything in the shap
.d of a scandal is sure to become' public
I property, however much it may. be to th
c interest of those concerned *in it to kee
1 their own counsel; and a very comforting
t thought this should be to the numerous
d persons who love a choice bit of scanda
i above everything. That De, Vieuzac an
. Beauohamp had had a mortal quarrel
* that they had beei within ian' ace of slit
a ting one another's weasands in'-the gooi
I -old fashioned style; that they 'had onIv
r been pacified by -the joint exertions o
Lord Bracknell and the reader's humble
r servant; and that scene of the mr-t dis
Stressing and dramatic nature had tinken
0 place subsequently between, Lady Brack
t nell and her incensed husband-the-
thiJngs were known allover the house be
Sfore I left my bed room the next morning
and when I made my appearance.I fount
F my fellow guests upon the tiptoe of joyous
Excitement and curiosity. If they gained
no further Information from me, it--was
not for want of asking for it; nor, "
imagine, would the appea-ed rivals havi
- escaped cross-examination, hail iniot thosi
Gentlemen wisely sought safety in. flight
They must have journeyed up to Londoi
by the early express together; and :
Should much have liked to hear what their
conversed about by the way, but had n
i opportunity -:t making inquiries as tothai
7 tuntii the %hole subject had ceased to in
terest me.
However, that I may not seem to exalt
myself unduly by affecting a superio:riti
to the weakue--es of my neighbors, I wil
confess that I was mooit anxious to ''ltnir
3 some account of the lecture which Brack
nell had doubtless administe-red to his
r wife; because I th:oulht it likely thfit this
had been expressed in fine, forcible Eng
lish, such tas one is always glad to listen
to in these days of roundabout phrases
and Inrvolved construction. My h':'steis,
lo,,king rather hard at me, inifrmed rnit
that the Bracknells were leaving thai
morning; so that I was obliged to bolt nmy
breakfast in a terrible hurry. For, af'tet
all the trouble that I had taken In the
matter, I should have been truly vexed
hiad I been denied the satisfaction of see-
nlug her ladyship's face before she de'
parted.
As it fell out, I was privileged not only
to see her face but to hear her voice; and
I don't know when I have enjoyed any-
thing more than the intervie-iv of ten
mLnuiitts or so which she was 'leased to
accord to me ia the conservator;,, where I
..discveced-. her- A -deeply -iscomfitei
wo man was she that day, and hitterr were
the reproach,.s with which slie assailed
me.
"This has been your doing from first to
last I" she exclaimed. "All the misery
and disgrace that may come of it will lie
at your door."
And when I replied that I accepted the
whole responsibility and gloried in it, she
fairly lost her temper-a thing that was
not usual with her-declaring that that
only showed what an empty headed, con-
ceited idiot I was. "You think yourself
so wise that you must needs have a finger
in every one's business. I should very
much like to know whom you flatter your-
self that youi have benefited this iamel
Not your friend, Jim L.igh, at all events;
for, mark my words, Mr. Beuchlamp will
go straight off and propose to Mildred
now. I need not tell yocu that she will
accept him. For all her demnure airs, she
knows the value of a large income as well
as anybody. As for me, you hv.e cer-
tainly done me an UlI Lurn, iL that is any
satisfaction to you-v-hich I snppo,.e it is.
For the last five or six years I h:ive shtowu
you every possible civility; I have had
you to i .iuner again and again when you
bored me t,, death, and I have introduced
you into lots of good houses whixh you
know very well that you w-ould never
have entered but f..r mne. Naiturally,
theref,,re, you hate me. Why you should
hate Bra, knell I don't know; but you have
very effectually ruined him. Alfred Beau-
champ's niarriage means bankruptcy to
him-neither more nor less than that."
She muft have been very angry to use
such candor. "You admit then, dear
Ladly Bracknell," I observed, "that your
purpose was to improve the family pros-
pects by getting Alfred Beauchamp killed
out of the way."
"I admit no such thing," she returned,
"and I defy you to produce one atom of
proof that I wanted him to fight M. de
Vieuzac. I will admit that I flirted with
him. If that shocks you, you are welcome
to be shocked. It don't shock Bracknell,
who knew quite well what I was doing
and why I did it.. That much he couldn't
deny last. night, in spite of all his raving
and storuming."
"Did he rave and storm?" I Inquired,
with interest.
"Yes, he did. He said such abominable
things to me that I have very great doubts
as to whether I will continue to live with
him."
"You will wait, I presume," said I,
"until you see whether there Is any chance
of his having anything to live upon."
Why this remark should have exasper-
ated her I cannot tell; possibly because it
expressed nothing more than the simple
truth. At all events, she turned upon me
quite furiously. "'You think Jt is safe to
insult me, do you ?" she cried. "You will
find yourself mistaken. I have a very
good memory, and I am not likely to for-
get what I owe you. The day will come
when you will be sorry for haring med-
dled with me."
That day may come; but it has not come
yet, and I am still unrepentant. I believe
I am one of the very few people who can
boast of having put Lady Bracknell into
a passion.
She and her husband drove down to the
station together, but, as I understood,
parted there, her ladyship making for an-


6ther coutry house, to which she hai
been invited, while Bracknell went up t
London. Thither I also betook myself on
the following day; and there, shortly after
ward, I received a letter from my mother
in which I was begged to run down am
see her. :.
'I am feeling uneasy about our friend
at Staines Court," she wrote, "and shoubi
be very glad-to have a little talk- with you
t; The young man Beauchamp has arrived
w I fear, but am not sure, that he has come
9- for the purpose of renewing his most un
*t welcome attentions."
How this bad behavior of the young
e man Beauchamp was to be checked by. my
o advent upon the scene did not appear; bu
e of course I hastened to obey my mother'
p summons, and on reaching my journey's
g end whom should I find waiting for mi
s upon the platform but Jim Leigh. Hi
1 said he had heard that I was expected by
d that train, and had thought he would
Some down and meet me, which was
t' highly flattering.
d "I've got the dlog cart here," be added
y "so that I can drop you at the house if
f you like; but don't you think a wall
a would do you good, after being shut up Il
* that stuffy railway carriage? The can
i can take your traps on for you."
It was not exactly pleasant weather fot
a walking, the roads and lanes being deei
- in mud, and a gusty wind having beet
; blowing all day from the northwest, wit.t
1 occasional showers of cold rain, which
s seemed likely to be succeeded by snow
d but as it was evident that Jim hadagreat
s deal to say to me, I would not balk him
I of his purpose.
e The upshot of what he had to say was
e that he had been unable to refrain from
Savowing his love to Lady Mildred, and
1 that,.to his unutterable Joy, he had dis-
covered that his love was returned. She
Y had, however, declared most positively
0 that she considered herself bound in honor
Sto carry out her father's wishes, should it
- be in her power to do so, and I gathered
that the only thing which had hitherto,
t kept this luckless pair from breaking
Y their hearts was a comfortable conviction
I that, after all, this would not be in bet
a power. Even Lord Staines-who, in ac-
- cordance with the intention that. he had
s expressed to me, had remonstrated firmly
s butt kindly with ds daughter-had ar-
* knowiedged that there is no known
3 method ui f marrying a man who won't ask
Syou to marry him. "And I really be-
Slieve," naiJed Jim, "that it Beauchamp
Shad distinctly refused to come forward,
t lie wouldn't have had any serious objec-
Y tiin to, me."
r "In other words, If he can't get 40,000
5 a year, he will be graciously pleased tc
Sput up with a sixth of that sum," Iohb-
* nerved.
S "Well,, it isn't only a question of in-
come; there'srthe debt that I have told
' you about. However, Beauchanip has
I como forward i&t last, 'and I confess to
- you frankly, Harry, that I'.m at my wit's
I d. I dorut see imy-way a all."
1' #%"Has Beah4hatraaw oosedt" I inquired.
"Net. va.t..t hit-Ap-4t aild-daY. --i
Fact, it is quite certain that he has come
i here in order to do it. He wrote to Lady
SMildred, offering himself for a week,
which he would hardly have done unless
She had meant business. From what be
Shas let fall, I suspect he has had a quarrel
With Lady Bracknell, and has decided to
cut himself off fro'n her. Old Sraines is
) as pleased as Punch; he looks upon the
* thing as settled. Harry, what the deuce
am I to do?"
"Don't you think," I suggested, "that,
under all circumstances, Lady Mildred
Might be your best adviser?"
But he shook his head despondently.
"She has made up her mind," heanswered;
"she has no doubt at all as to what her
duty Is; she is ready to sacrifice herself
for the sake of her family. But am I to
stand quietly looking on while this sacri-
fice is carried out? That's the question."
"Obviously," I said at length, "either
the family or Lady Mildred must be sacri-
ficed, and, all things considered, I think
the family ought to go the wall."
"But she won't consent to that," an-
swered Jim ruetully.
"Exactly so; and therefore I don't see
what course is open to you, except to
stand and look on. Have you thought of
any alternative plan:'
"None," he replied disconsolately. "I
was in hopes that you, who are so much
sharper than lam, might be able to sug-
gest something."
I was gratified by the compliment, but
conscious of my inability to show myself
worthy of it. Certainly I could have de-
vised several excellent schemes, but in
order to work them it would have been
esisentirlal to obtain Lady Mildred's acqui-
escence. What was to be done, so long as
the victim obstinately refused to raise her
head from the block? However, not to
discourage my unfortunate friend more
than was necessary, I promised him I
would think the dilemma over very care-
fully; and, either because drowning men
will clutch at straws or because he had
really nmisnlaced confidence in my abilities,
this assurance seemed to comfort him a
great deal.
At my own gate, where he found his
dog cart waiting, he bade me good by.
"I shall look you up co-morrow afternoon,
old chap," said he. "By that time, I'll
be bound to say, you'll have hit upon
some idea." In which oversanguine an-
ticipation he drove away.
And now it. was that my dear mother
showed the spirited stnff of which she is
made. Not a word would she listen to of
my sober representations as to the danger
of intermeddling with our neighbors' af-
fairs, and when I was shabby enough to
quote her against herself, reminding her
that these things were ordered for us and
that all was doubtless for the best, though
wejwvth our limited intewigeuce, might
not be able to see it, she became quite
angry.
"Another time," said she, "I will show
you the folly and wickedness of such talk.
For the present, it is enough to say that I
will not have my poor Mildred married to
a man whom she detests in payment of
anybody's debts."
"I don't think she detests him," I an-
swered, "but let that pass. How are you
going to prevent her from being handed
over to him t"
Thereupon, to my utter amazement, she
coolly !nui.rmed me that she intended to


d zgo up to Staines Court and beard the new
o Agamemnon in his den. As she had not
i been outside the limits of our own garden
f- or a matter of twenty years, and as the
, only conveyance that we possess is a two
d wheeled pony cart, it may be imagined
how this proposition took my breath away.
S"Lord Staines," she went on, with a
d smile, "'is too feeble to leave the house.
SThe mountain will not come to Mohatfim-
Smed, so Mohammed must go to the moun-
o tain. I shall write and ask him to send a
- carriage for me, and you must hoist me
into it somehow."
This proposed borrowing of the enemy's
Stransprt in order to reach the battlefield
t was a stroke of humor which I appreci-
Sated, hut I could not, of ,course sanction
, It. It was not. however, until I had as-
0 sured my mother that she should only
Leave the bouse over my prostrate body
That. she yielded, with a very bad grace,
d saying: "So be it, then; but please to un'
derstand, Henry, that I see my duty
plainly marked out for me, and that I
shall not be deterred from doing it. You
Must bring this Mr. Beauchamp to call
upon me."
k When my mother addresses me as
n "Henry," it means thatshe is in no mood
to be trifled with. Accordingly I walked
up to Staines Court the next morning,
r aied for Beauchamp, told him what a
P pleasure It was to meet him again ia
n pleasure in which he did not appear to
t participate, and mentioned that my
E mother, who lived hard by, was most
anxious to make his acquaintance. He
Swas a polite young man, and, though
Evidently much surprised by this sudden
development of friendliness on my part,
She made no difficulty about returulnng
2 home with me.
S My mother received him in that bright
Little upstairs sitting room where so much
Sof her life has been spent, and about
which there always clings a faint, old
r. fashioned smell of potpourri. She ais a
Very beautiful, refined looking old lady,
I and it is my belief that she Is perfectly
D aware of the fact. I noticed that she was
Swearing a little (of the treasured Mechlin
Slace which belonged to her great grand-
r mother, and as soon as she opened her
- lips I perceived that she had put on her
Very best manner, which, like the lace, Is
only assumed upon occasions of impor-
" tance.
S She made me place a chair for Beau-
Schamp beside her sofa and smiled gra-
Sciously upon him over the top of a large
Sfan, which she swayed gently to and fro
while she spoke. "It is very good of you,
- sir," she began, "to visit, a bed ridden
old woman whose conversation can have
Sfew attractions for you. Indeed, I should
Snot have ventured to put you to so much
" inconvenience, had I not had a special
motive for doing so."
I suppose Beaucbamp had never heard
Anything like this before in all his days.
3 He was quite unaccustomed to being
Called "sir" and condescended" to, and it
Evidently flustered him.
"Oh, but. you really, you know, Mrs.
Mav-d-upon _myY w'Qord.-d-llgtid, I'm
s-ure-" said he,' with all the graceful
Eloquence of the age.
'"You are so kind," resumed ny,imother
Fiuavely, "as to say so, but I must nob
Latter myself that your presence) here is
3due to any other cause than to courtesy,
I which, as I have always understood, is
Natural to you."
S She went on in this strain for some lit-
tle time, gradually working tip to her
point, and anything funnier La it. way
than the contrast Which she presented to
her bewildered interlocutor I have seldom
witnessed. At length she shut up herfan
with a snap, exclaiming, more in sorrow
than in anger:
"And can what I hear be true, Mr.
Beauchamp? Can it be that you, a gentle-
man and a man of honor, are not only
forcing your attentions upon a lady to
whom they are distasteful, but that you
have actually made her acceptance of
your hand the subject of a pecuniary bar-
gain with her father?"
He assured her earnestly that It was not
true; she had been misinformed. Noth-
ing would induce him to force his atten-
tions upon anybody who-who-in short,
who didn't want them. "And as for a
bargain, there never really was any bar-
gain at all-at least, not in the way that
you mean-there wasn't indeed I I'm sure
I shall be only too happy-to oblige you,
Mrs. Maynard, if s*u'll tell me what, you
wish me to do, and if you won't be-ex-
cuse me-quite so awfully polite about it."
Thus adjured, my mother consented to
unbend and make her meaning plain.
Without mentioning Jim's name, she gave
it to be understood that Lady Mildred's
affections were engaged; after which, she
discreetly Insinuated that although, un-
der such circumstances, Mr. Beauchamp
must feel that it would be out of the
question to take advantage of her filial
submissiveness, yet, in some ways, too
abrupt a withdrawal on his part. was tobe
deprecated.
".Lord Stalnes," said she, "is an old
man and in broken health. From what
the doctor tells me, I fear that he may not
be with us much longer, and we should
all wish to spare him, If possible, the
shock of a sudden disappointment." I
"I see," broke In Beauchamp, with a"
knowing nod. "After what you've told'
me, I wouldn't for the world marry poot -
little Mildred. In fact, to tell the truth,
I never was very keen about It. And
we'll manage to humbug the old boy as
long as he Lives."
My mother drew herself up and looked
severe. "You surprise me, Mr. Bean-
champ," she said. "Surely you do not
suppose that I am advising a course of
deception !"
Here I judged it opportune to put in my
oar. "Nobody," quoth I, from the back-
ground, "could suppose anything so un-
warrantable. You will not be called upon
to use deception, my dear Beauchamp,
only a little diplomacy, a little tact."
"Harry," said my mother, "I am quite
ashamed of being so troublesome, but
would you mind going down stairs and
seeing whether my knitting is in the li-
brary? If it is not there it may perhaps
be on one of the chairs in the drawing
room. Or possibly it may have become
entangled in Sarah's skirts, as it some-
times does, and been swept down into the
kitchen. At any race, I feel sure that jt
must be somewhere."


If there is one tblng":for which .1 am
more remarkable than for my humility I
suppose it is my obedience. I was absent
for exactly five and twenty minutes, and
when I came back to say that the knitting
was nowhere to be found, I was not.at all
surprised to find my mother tranquilly
occupied with it, -nor .was there any need
to inform me that the two conspirators
had arrived at a perfect-mutual -under-
standing.
Upon the morality of the compact thus
entered into I made no comment at the-
time, and forbear from making any now;
but I will say for my mother that she had
the grace to feel thoroughly ashamed of
herself, as was shown bh the shortness of
her manner during the rest of the dae and
by the vindictive determination with which
she insisted npon reading a long sermon to
me and the servants that evening after
prayer, although it was the middle o the
week.
MuskrasB Along the Canala.
For three miles the bank behind the
towpath is very high and compactly built,
with willows thickly planted, a veritable
bulwark against the Delaware, which
sweeps along A short distance away. In
the spring the river comes up to the very
banks, and is a constant source of danger.
At such times the path walker is on duty
day and night, plugging the smallest holes
with sod, filling In where the rain has
started a gully, and building the gba-t, -
higher where it has washed away.A ..-".
ordinary times each walker has a atri -:,.-
of fourteen miles to watch. He wjA .
down the towpath one day and bac.'. :-p-'.
the heelpath the next, with a shoved!"' -d
pick to make repairs, or armed wftliiW"-.-
scythe to trim the briers, ivies and elders.--
His worst, enemy is the munkrat, whose
holes, running far Into the bank, may at
any moment make an outlet and become
a dangerous break. Against these rav-
ages the company supply a special guar-
dian in the person of the ratter. The
whole length of the canal Is divided
up among, several men who nihake
it their business to trap musk-
rats .all the year round. They use
an ordinary steel trap without teeth,
which they set as near as possible In the
path of the main entrance or regularly
used track to the rat hole. The men are
paid wages by the day, and the noses and
tails are redeemed by the company at fif-
teen cents oncea month. The pelts belong
t. the rather, and are cured by him, to be
told later at an average of ahout eighteen
cents each. .Any rat trapped within a
mile o'f the canal is a le-itimate catch, and
a day's work is from ten to fifteen.
"WIhat harm can a ratdo a mileawayP"
asked Scraps.
"He niay come over here any fine morn-
ing, and if he don't, his children wll.
You can't count, on a rat till he is skinned.
I have been trapping them thirteen years,
and I .don't know all their ways yet..
Sometimes they are too cunning to go
within- ten feet of a man's track, an.-
other times they will walk into .a -,rd.
lie down."-"'8Snubbl' Through --. ---.-^
In The Century. .

Salaries not Allowed.
Wllllam Gill, the stage manager, hL.'- h_-
a varied experience, a.dI the other evenir"
told some friends a tory which is rather
amusing.- In the early 70s, when the
Black Hills excitement arose, Mr. Gill
landed in San Francisco from Australia,
where he had been playing, and in a short
time was getting along toward the bot-
tom of his pocket. Rumors of the bouind-
less wealth to be had almost for the ask-
Ing In.the Black Hills were flying thick
and fast, and thither Gill concluded to go.
His remaining money carried him a little.
way, but there were 300 miles of wild
country yet tocross. Gill was pluckyand
bound to reach the Hills, and he tramped
every foot of the way through a region
alive with hostile Indians and where a
white man's face was a rarity. He pulled
through safely, and one dayentered one
of the new towns which had sprungup In
the Hills country without a copper In his
pockets and faint from hunger. : There
was a variety theatre, of course, and into
the manager's office he walked and asked
for work.
The manager was a tough of the Lq
who talked through his teeth a I
spry wi-th his flats as with his pi .., *
"What can you dot' he snarled -
"Anything," answered Gill. i B
"All right. I'll give you $.25
and you can go on to--nrlght." 1
GWl worked faithfully for a wekaW
then walked up for his salary.
"Here it is,''said the manager, "and I
don't want you no longer."
"What's the matter? Isn't my- busi-
ness all right? Don't I earn my salary?"
"Aliright? Whyofcourseltis. You're
a daisy. But I have to pay you your sal-
ary. I ain't going to pay no salaries In
this shanty. All the other ducks what
works for me owes me more at the end of
the week than I owes them. That's the
way I get even. You'll have to skip."
And Gill had to seek another engage-
ment elsewhere.

6,a Worth Knowing.
The Amerieca Forestry congress will
Nldjits sixth annual meeting Sept. 14, 15
&iJO3, at Springfield, Ills. Mr. B. E.
.Be!.r, Washington, D. C., is secretary
-6f-. T&'association.
The annual round up this autumn, it Is
believed, will prove that the great Col-
ri.lb cattle ranin is a thing of the past. .
It Is a great mlstahe to overlook the
neighboring home market and trust to
the large towns only.
It is poor policy to me gest ash tubs
to pack butter in.
More attention than'heretofore Is being
paid the clover crop in the southern states.
Good heavy farm horses sell well
More obeese is being mad. this season
than last year. ..
Ammonia is oonsldered the best of all
remedies for bee stings by Professor A.
J. Cook.
According to a practilo. farmer, the in-
crease of-.a flock of sheep will cover the
cost of keeping.. it, leaving the wool cleni
profit; or the keeping mf.y be chargeG
against the wool, wbioh will not exhaust
it all, leaving the lambs clear profit.




..-. -.- ---I .. :. I- 17 7 ?_. -. ..- . : --a I
--. :- 1 -: .. -' .. .. ._ -_.._ .. -I
.. 1; I- ,
A -e --
32 .FLORIDA FARMER AND FRIUT GROWER, OCTOBER 5 1887.
-*. - -,_ __ _
__, ...-. ..- -:,-
320 -- know what they are about-and have the oftbeicfty. It may be added that grand OCTOBER WEATHER. 1. -.-_ .
r girafa. energy and means to successfully carry musical entertainments will be provided -l ari "' 0r ..
--^ .'. out their plans. This road passes through atestated times. _. bhe following Lablecomtpled'romi the-records --. "
.- _1 ee. a prpornion of Orange county's best and Ample arrangements are being prefect- I the Jack onde. sgnalStanon by Corporal- ----------.--.----- .
.Staite NeWs in Brief. most fertile lands, ed for transportation facilities-to the city. T S. Towseni, representsthe temperature.,n- JACKSONVIIfE.MABEETS. --.z .
.. .. e re. d J n of w weather. rnin ftal and d direction of w in d
--The Starkebank.,will open Novem- -Captain Wells, chief engineer of the Land for hotel accommodations in the or the morth of October, as observed at hliA I.. .i -
berlst,. ..- 0. 8. & F. R. R:, with a force of fifteen city and chief places in the :;Late. round JacksonrUle station d irng the paast L5 ye-ers: Wholesale. ..-
~Frb~ke.iit hav a .i .rin -n~hog Stre Th lin w.l run in th Unte Stte an Caaa :in ', -.~~P hrtrsS~nsokae
-Starke is about to staitrt a picture men passed through Starke Thursday, trip excursion tickets to Jacksonvilleand 9. WA .W JACKSONV-LE, O.,tobpri .. 3 l I.4
frame factory. ,.- en route for Palatka.' From Lake But- all points in East, South Middle. -- Pr C3n. ROYAL ""SIWA
-fa efco :,.' ZI M .=:, b -1 Provisions. .. 1. .0 -- .
-The pdpriltioh. of Floridad is now leit theline was run to the head of Cros- and West Florida, will be on sale at all .EATs-D S. ort ib, osed I.
:abo 0t3 0,000 by Lake, then along the section line to principal railway and steamship o ces d I l3 casD S i s belLes, I I. -. .- -.
e 2 a -?- -- '_- .,., smoked abort ribsiS15; smoked beLLies. 1 6. .. -.. -" .
--".-P-ForOkh v dyig d.hru hS re The Uina will run In the United States and Canada, :ind- " .9 .1 "-' C."b"cs.c...... .. .. ... ..y :4S bans cnas a 1 c S.C. s L Ia_
,tabish t' within a m ile north of SandhilJ Lake special Exposition excursion tickets w ill d ers,.. nvasc d. ;assei nanrp, i n. -.-ic: ,s bo c
--tillbfe~ __ deC 1a. 8/e; Cal hl'oruia. or pielc br h is .. ..- .-X. -P- 'T.
.. .. rd 0nta and around the northern shore of Gene- be issued to and from all points in Flor- 1 ,7 v -3 1 i, 5 6 3; NE 9,c,,. Lard-reflned tlerccs,7e-4c. t- sbe--- .V .. _.:
--.a..rd.coy-. y'- corn-crop Is nu va Lake thence in a southerly direction ida during the season, including the 1i87 t 4.'i 1. t; 6 4(. NE oaarrels. StutW; half barrels, tio'0; msc pork, 1 --- 1
S yg Palatka It will as within four greatSouth Florida Espoitionat San- 187 4 86 4 ; 14 13 t .1" NE 1700. Tbee quotations are for roandlots -
D i-- d o f Tg o rd& a m a d e~o h v iaid W axd o It'r-
-alatka. 1t will pa-s within four 18736 e I i, i il 1 8 4 49 ME- trom I lst. bands. ? .- -". =-:^-
e. .2 ierde *f229 cigar factories in the. miles of Melrose. A return survey will 7ford. 317 43 I. 1 4 13 S NE BuTE-Marker drm and ad-vang .. Bes -.
b. 1t f 7 N' -72 10 V2 9 i 7 M NE table, 24@29c per pound; cooking, 1562.2cpter '_ -
r w.antsribttora. blacksmith %aeo' IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENT. 1;8 1 f i II Ii t, 31 "t N pound. I _.-,.
,- -r brwantsa blacksmith l 1 5-2 4 4 0 I 0 45 NE Grain. Flour, Hay. Feed, Hides, Etc. ,'- -_
anTaa'bemni.' THE SUB-TRIOPICAL. h Rail.roads will Advertise 1 6 E G -Corn-Te market firm wito an < N
T population of Levy county has FIIA AR Fes 1 a ,3 t I 7 i~l NE upwad tendency. rbe following lgure .- igus .
.. eased .in five years. Origin, Object and--Plan. f- the- Florida and Reduce Fares. 18 '2 8 1.3 NE cornjob lo, 70c per bsbel; "-car d
.."- --The new hotel at-Pemberton Ferry Coming ExpSition..- CHICAGO, September Q6.-The follow- 185 65 ns. it t 5 8.33 NE Iots, rfc per bushel; mixed corn, job -
will be completed in about two weeks. Thr is."" goo ground te ing is a copy of a resolution adopted at iS i 1.4 L69 13 l1 6 2.47 NE lots6. le per bashel car load lots;.62c per
-Ce d-cared i a w w There is good ground for hope.thut the yesterday's meeting of the Railway -at thel. oUo-.itng er un res: Miepar with corn, -M d t jo :
-Cedr eyhas had .but three funer- .rip- .f Eh aklnil'lhTnia "0".'n "eip 1 LP jar y- LL the followB i~gflures: Alixed, In job 10t.a, ^* ^:-.-;
a----'ar Ke d has a nnnnheetn oject Of the Jacksonville Sub-Tropical Passenger Agents in this cit : --,..
ro e o f th e s Aie; ear load lots 38'ec- wlite oats are high-.. --
alsina y-ea andhasapopulation o xposion will be successful carried Whereas, A representative from Flor- Armour & Co's Fertilizers. er il around. Brin Armer, ',2l per too. W
-. ',00. .W. coe out; and from any point of view the ida attended the meeting of the Southern In this issue of the FARmER AND ELTY-Tne market frm. Western hoe-
-.-'-"--ad'-City"',waiits'factoryv for fer- undertaking appears to be.a mostdesira- Passe'nger Association held at Cape May FRnuT GROWER appears the advertise- smWrtl ales, E ase) peraton; car1 toad- o. W
:t.izeh, a steam saw-nill and better pro- ble one. Last winter a general impres- on-August the l6th and l'7th, for the ment of Armou & Co's pure ground PZAIL GRiTS AkND MA,.--Grits, fldrm, 3 ) .-....
e .tion against fire. sion was created that in face of the in- purpose of obtaining assistance in the boneand blood fertilizer. This is not in per barrel. pnt nd m : :.- .
.ilizesh a-ta mrs nAgs h 6had1tfrtewn fAmn ospr grun PZLiuR-e~ Gaim NDs 0~.-,N)a odifmfy ..]
.-1-Th regular diamond-back terrapin, ducements provided by other sections, a shape of reduced rates from the railway any way a chemical product but is made 4 75,sc, 0eommonsu od aml ASb4 oute reU.
.* so'clebrated in Washington, is plentiful special effort should be made to increase companies constituting the Southern from the natural animal-.:matter, bone PEaRi-Mlxed 31,35, whips 1 A5, clays l 3J. J- -roi '. .
ii Key West waters. the attractions of Florida; and'. though Railway Passenger Association, with a and blood, and comes direct from their Gat-n Fnn-Pir too. 62c.00. Thls powder neer varies. A m el
sie y .s~s i (COeFEE-Gr-elu Ri 21i,24c perpound: Java, purity. st-rength and -wholesomeness. 'toke-
-Vegetables will be more extensively the impulse may have been transient viewof increasing travel to Florida, and slaughter. house. It has produced most roastecd. *2,,,5e; Mocha, -roasted, 33e: Rio, economical than the ordinary -klnds:'mnd-
plantedthaneverbefore inSouthFlorida with some persons, there is as much Whereas, Such railroad Lines have gratifying results in many portions of. roasted. "2%5,';S ground Rio coffee lP.S2.i3e per cannot be sold in competition wiith--the
:.the coming winter. reason now as then for believing that it consented to materially reduce their the State. It is sold at low prices, and pound.- multitude of low testbort6l_ft altfm;or..
.j.- .a c ..: w a. was well-timed and well-directed. Papers rates, and guaranteed to be pure. -a(O ONo StEED bMEAL-Demand lighted. Sea hd oSdphalte pMowders. ,', pco.ny .in i'
_r.'.. 1* i.-Negotiations areau abou cosed men[. a1 iNIZ-t nlld-t, H.n tefllnanf i L" BAKING. S iPieu[i>e ur. ludorijrknicalCo.,:1.. i)iM pr ou K Y L AKaGPuf r. C .,HM;'a-.l
r" -Negoratin ore o t aoe w.t. that called attention to the falling off in Whereas. The lines noith of River "r-ght, or b-,rt cotnon meal'out -f market. New YiK. W a .)
man from Kentucky to plant a twenty- travel, without doubt acted intelligently Junctiou, Albany, Jesup. Savannah and "We Know by Experience." o mis hit down an.l old t, clned up. .
., aci tobacco far 'at Bart6ow this season, and with a good motive-u--o other could Charlestu- have agreed between them- er weh u rCACco rs-Maret q orm a.. .
2"'tl o ~rerasw ae 6dBa -1130C:.14('@ it per ton.W g
.-,-LO.--: he. hndr'e'd and twenty-five stands reasonably be imputed to them; and selves to spend an equal amount of 'sFvegetall eerie hate usteBrad- Lm'tL E itetro'5,"i-Y barrel lots ,#1 S1 1aaa1t) Obar- VlfP'Q-
-'S- fbWes in a'New.Smyrna apiary produced though the travel increased afterwards, Jmon'' in advertising the attractions ot rAftr test- t 4i1 ls tan MO Z' AJama Ll *1S
'. -"fifteen barrels ofstraind honey this sea- and opposing and qualifying assertions Florida as may be apent -:by lines and .ng along with other high grade fertil- 1i 1. Ceient-AmerieaJ $20: Eng ... ..
son. were made, the fact that so niany per- parties interested south of tlhee points' ize'rs. ',ve pronounce it' better than any p:vr b& a e t. t t h .
-The ladies of Tampa have taken the sons ent California still remains to Reslved, that we hereby appointthe sold in Floriia. We hall ite it again qu tit. -i-.iro .,mtsr eord Sutedo Ebe Sod uddC atf
th s y a .. r L v r o ,1 e n k 1 1 r c r -.% -. .-
matterotfprovidingtreesandornamental give color to their statements, several general passenger age-n a, f the thi year. Fr o-Lrpo, per sack, l' per car -.- ida
shrubbery for the streets and yards of But supposing that the travel was the hnes in Florida a committee to ascertain We do not hesitate re sy to s h oege- dint pere ound stla, F or- da,-
J Elmir_.'s--D y dlint, cow, perpound, diet classFord,
. that place. same as formerly, that the falling off w-iat amount of money can be secured table grower o Florida that they can- iiy"I2 u; and cointry drw rated OL.ii -- -
-Most of the safes that were in the waso merely apparent, from the greater *or aivertising purposes from te t rans- not use anything so go'd as Bradleys oAfci-ers tir- irtr,1.i cent Sukie--Deerdfmt, Grown and for SileL.at .
Sanford fire hare been opened. Thecon- number of hotels among which the portLation linesand inipanies, hotels and Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. We'o know L3 (Ii :e., sil-if IS cents. Fats-tter, W-ti-r, NU J .A
t~n~ofal bu 6n hve ueit wee (isribted i tht ay thebyexpp-ericne what we say regar-ding e".,_.;? ~ -~ 0. Hi ac-k-on !0, i, 1. ,i cents; wildctA IP ;,14
tntsotall butnearebeen found ina guets were udi an other persons inte reted in the develop- ND L.-S
n a reason why Florida should relax in her of with Mr. Hat'dee as fertilizer. p o1nd, 1 cents: fx 1,-l ee trom totswax. c-AL1
g o dd c o.ditio n e fo rtsRtofFo ri d am F lo r id a w & H ates p o un d c e n ts; -.-.t c.Am s 1i c e ntrs N U RS E R IE S, "
-h etefforts to draw all thepatronagepossible chairman. WOFFORD & FiDER, rry, cetap; go ec0ce..
*r tfoand reap the legitimate advantages of And we, the lines north of the points Ft. Mason. Fla.Co r Produce. Near TALLAHASSEE, Fla., .
Arcadiao for the past two weeks, have her winter climate? There are several mentioned, agree to spend in joint sup- L CREES--Pifletaemery !4 c-ots per pound. --
amounted toupwardsof $350,OO.-Arca- good reasons why she 'should increase plementarv advertising, over and above Ladies' Purchasing Agency. LTVE Pol.T.:--LirlItEd supply and -o7od E. DUBOIS, Manager .- ..
dian her efforts. It is incontrovertible that the usual advertising of the roads, the A New York laily of ex-peri.ice and I tdernuaidh c, t-l-rx, : H.:.,w :5 c"nti; mixed n 0 ..
.- 'T cents hlf;ebit no n 2-2 ci-ots'. Iey a re s.-arce Send orI C'atalngue and order early. 8end, Fls,6i
-There isa lemou tree at Welaka with many sections arepushing their claims, same amount of money as way be col- taste, enjoying the best facilities f:r and in steat-dtm-and. tor Price Lrf L;e 'o --t
no. less than 3-,ii)00 fine lemons upon it. and itf Florida has not so far felt .the elected from the interested parties south shopping under advantageous c.udi- Eoot-DivT;iC'.:.ir.ty,-:cents perd This tree was not much hurt by the cold effect, no one is sure that she may not of-thepoints-above nienritioned. tions. offers her services to ladies desir- .de d'-'d and Um2ittd Fupply.o ,1rida Wies -I '
weathr-t-wo years ago. ultimately. The greater the number'of -. Mr. Hardee, a-s chairman of the com ing to secure any kind of wearing &p- Oper barred. ..-
-Altoona's artesian well has reached visitors thatcan beattracted, thegreater mittee, is requested to ascertain and re- parel, toilet articlesor hou-sehold goods, OQNi:.,-v-w,:t1ero per barrIEW. NewYork --- l "
a deptb-h of 65 feet and no water yet, the profit, and it is worth while to port to the lines interested the amount at New York prices. Send for circular. 13.5 Per hrrr-L .ptnisLL.n.,ns,,1.6pr,:r' .-t _-. .-..A. .
ivhile the Oakland artesian well has now secure as many as possible. There are collected so hat immediate action may Address MRS..S.S. Jones. New -r .-Nabbag-: i',c pernerd. ... p2 = = ..'-"r-E. 'i "
.reached the depth of i50 feet. few persons who are uot beneited in be taken through the press of the North 1';9 Gates Ave., Brooklyn, N.'Y. T B:uArev.-New Y:rkgpr2rptl b ieL --.-'.*;
oe wen v nhe a sm turt, da V TvRNxta--NReta Baora vperit 3W er bct 1 .e u
-Esperiments have shown conclu- ome way by the sream of t rists; and and'esttoadvertsethe attractions of ..Ni-Ra aga var" -- t b llflfn maniiUllll llrnnnnr
d. i v i t i as the hotel- keepers,. have many f them igd -E... Mcca -Opiions of the Press. F -a an_. of f _- Ff0 11 8: .lII..
--iyda, and wisevenclalmed that it wwll ho. .. i e E. McC RAUCK, Ha-r ad-a nneot is aou ircolyditrse, Flria U U .. 51.u
par better than' strawberry culture a strong interest-. Many a transient General Passenger Agent Moeon Route. [From the Southern Cultivator.] n .?per ..:u, t ntoi.b i n p.i cn "- "'-'
vs b e ',i ,' -.. cultuitor becomes an investor, atnd every Moo [ t o h r C livat. ror pH-hay adtpi p--,,.rn n-T ._o-;i ,.n ," .r
,-i -tie It -T e SLICl.eq-3 Of the FLORIDA. FA- P"-rAa.)-,a),aL,~c-d..~rcp~l F R T E P ( ...1.
Waueus.h papopie propose to hold a e6e who comes into the State goes back D -The S -uc'ce ,o the ofL aRDA oF pIllr, ant, t, .e-se -P b ttiii
mass-'. -meetig -.a BIa.. "ER-. AN '- n.s p .r .u c "il .. F. T.H EP.EO
a e to pass resolutions to pi-ead the nale qf Florida and drait Exemplary Enterprise. E u. oon, uWa11ng ti u-r c-atm tnt-
petttioning the couty commissioners to -geneal attention tthesubject. l n i e vrlle; -surpasses that of any similar cat h being tighter thau .a.y -eason for lo or ..--,
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ e -- . ., .- .. .. __ .' .. .. ...-- -- -. '- .. .....---"- -"'"--" -", "'--
--,reue o pa. prelims From these factor, which make' these a achtmakp iu0ap.7 *M 0Tb6 pu-f -n H publication in Ameica. Thepublishers 3r5Ep meu .. I I- .. ..,1
'*. s ns, .n-.` t... -- ,.ali ._T o Herand seem to be- _over bera giving hr PiaeEA.Ppb. E--7g,'i20v per dozen ..i .,t .-h- .p-. "
.k ., arnttht yrm net-ddtind toun'tyii i'afterci thWi m'ehanlicat part, every attracto posi L.ua5Niiais.ne box.
- -The steamer Ino, plying on the Hall: attradtion is d ia fdr Jafterile ';u' .-ki- exhi.b -;i.A'.. -B.. '
_"- -' 1= ~~u~ -tU ,[.l-U _U L 'il-. at~traction is dec u-able 'fcor .Jaekso'nVillle, ,- =- : i^ ,-^ , .- .. .: l', ', i .' ." '.. : -- -:-.. o. Fios--N-- qn iavel'c, 1:3,; -" "- .. '-' -- ,-"--' '.. ..
f Ri rha benrbitandi abfi we ha9 L0 t -o r t eihes eqlually strong3. inees" th r a `sp~~cial eh blF 6e, while Editor Coitiss is doing .thle. _Fto -Nea, in-.f laes -: _r-s ,c. L 2
tO Persian ., 9e; Ncrs- n7cs t-,.- -B Uc' h;:, 1:* ',
r l ~eyb WO~h-iru andd best work~l of2c hisr lie. It is: a combine
beY'% ..b..launched. She will run from It i with part'i-laI pliasu-re that we Pasco ount.- at th -Toi- E .io. tharaan -ttao .ab -odat.ucce.. '_,S.,-d;y -Ud 6. .i n -- "- -. -'"
o.'..' (,-. n--,,- .. .... .. ,P u es at th' Sub-Tropical Ex- tlontbaccannottai.1ofat, und u u cc .. u.,U .... i nobles- o: I - .T -. % ,-11
-"Daytona to Rockledge, stopping at thir- mentionthe nr)t,eineeitaffordsusan opo sit. .o U T Cultivator is.n..r sorr to.see s MaIrbots 1c; Pcans '-eadus -, -'-
00 __ ,+ -. -- -. .= ., 'I po ii "- .it e C.ultivator n.iy n U t u ta.'up i. o -. -l ll l .l l ll-1,| :l l 1 I =
- teen~p~o ntit. ; .. p r un tT= f payin~lg a __r 'bu t-to the ad- Mt. .. Th ma -1-.-30 t .:up rh u~ d. .-< : (. =
_.-teen pint prt.-. tog a ttbiteto t-ad- Mr Thdmas reports that he. has enterprise -rewarded, as we hare _no nuts p.A L1on d 11 o D L T I .S DJl rl
,--An Arcadia, aturalist advertises for mir..able service entered bMr. W.T. already raised $-2,000 in ..ash, besides rivals to he.jalous of. but wish all suc- .:BrrRnt.-Crean-0ery.'cd; Extra D-y l7-.lnll I 1 rylll-lll ,
0ltry.oung alligators. 500 pounds large Fdrbu s.in.mheu turtherance of' e Lbera''dnati-n f erilto r .s '. .Dair.5Sc. ..- .. I ll- I llri i"
I- -. .. ..
allig t e th t) r e b ri e. 'Thatge tem an h, ash een deliver- -, ,-- .' .+ .--.. -.- -.-, A p --New York. 82 7.5 r nl ...
w" ngs and all the atligator skins in the nig aress esio ale-- tb-,tnside rk erec- ti ng tbei b eial -fhibi t [ the ate r ot.. _.._ t$i'( Pear-~l. 8.,..r ba ,''. P .r. ...._-.
-- -county : -- '. -- ..paces in the. State and, accorigtoto ,-.; s of th. sp. cl e.. m ai thoe we are contintiallv recelvong new D pe la aiirGre.ps3 l.c-erba ro std. -_- -- *,-'. -4. -- -
'-- Several parties from" New York base the '-lcal- papers; be has' e-erywhBere thrivin 'cu tu br e .t.o mn ake.n f or agricultural ventures, but usefulasthey TamaicaBaanas' m 250.',.-3tper bnmco. : "s+- : .....,: -;*..' ,-.r-.,.;----
ben'" e r pr arctn with a ie torctng 'r td t-. -ia in be l o .o purpose o attadng i ngraton an ae- - ... "..- .
.- cr ths a m- b n c are i their-own speie fields, we i-"arely Reta -- .,'a=er .. ,.,---
a. saw.. mill with ca. a.it fo-.i- 1 f ee t I s gth innru e ee the T imes -U i find in then anythmg ofspecia interest Toe .iu -touNg quotat's arearen y rea s -. ..h--. --s--

c ~o fiun. l "Iatp [ or H u i ,-.e- l .y. -eLa wee- -g rn ...rlW eeb .apI jii *. -_ u uu +.ac.. .W w r the-, enl-noire re a ii-e b y e Nw "tot Wt-e wWa l atu r n_

', E- rT gen-ral superintendent .of the a-ple of the capitalist who re raising putup.which willhe90feet-in lent lh c pater on reading amming.the hatch pe.r ,and rti u -a -.,n, -, .- .-, .. ._..---, '. A "
,- ji.FR: ;and N.. has given notice to-every st- magnificent places a'sthe -Po^ by ft feet wide:,surmnounlted by ii hand; nu pried esoourtiabteNo. iof this an rtclc^cerecc at bocnperoashet the LarsesandiOnly.fctentNews'^ace^aI
saion proxm t alon the route of Ban torde de Leo ati Casa Monica bo at S ut mse. ueaoae to of exchanges- ,. ,m,,otton. ur the1,3 ~ er n u co a:-..=,i'r.X
sa.--: al" o ng the .. ... o t an I or er d enaud Cac~sao nical ot -,' .d ... "i-his -bidn des igne for t nd i of a very high ord.rrdf intelli- Eegsat en t ir demand iuvai- co"nty'egiss -, -,- .C. -'
prohibiting the sales of fruit upon te A tine for he ac m d in la ing t e t which mu have an x .- dzen, ad re tr t r ail"" wh'l"-ae Sa pd. e r E ,' .
e .-. -1 a p. .. I t isn. T h e .t Iec u n ti e nae b c1e effec i fotrn Foiasit tPot wat shes wholeroshe a A F -I --'
aI t I g n ev e lch pa pers.p" toeo e i:n1r ... it t o f exchag e u e,- th- s per btlarrI ,ca n drp etai at.. rhe LarnOal -:- c ., _.'1"--.w-. -. ,
At Key Wet business is looking p. expect the travel mount up pro be conducted a rd ean c r "



Thee is a good demand tot- cigars, and porhiv n to te accommodation and at- f m o c ie rm e i and From the Times-Demu'c'rat.1 oud a. y, o a, I 01 an.d she.n.ostdvmpieta .. -
much business is done at the custom- traction provided and one of them en- time, which are 'to form the foundation -Editor Curtiss of the FAR"ne "= New -urk-, Rnc h-etail at $1. --. ... "'- ..g
house. frequently ) being taken in errai nsa strong sense o fo the importance I t h palm tt ig n o r tnwtoi oa spci a fl w or 5 cent. .. :'L- w,-
durin g the day. ofi a uiemen for the e -s-t and 'of the pie, t- o w c i to cover Ftt -aosR evidently struck te Lia e otitry-chcaensa w :olesala at.p3r) S T1 T- A., E :B '. .0 --':'
Sh P ause th e a C, t roof; in fact, the build o din g, tog ether popular fancy when he established that centso en'a retail rt t cent as. each. Dre ed -l .-.- -.' .. .-/ -.


jMany lemon trees in the Halifax itificiency of mere board and lodging, wih everything in and around it, is to journal. Itsnsuccess is phenomenal. and poultry, per p.andrcaicken retai, IScenit
b.e ne-ath thir Lt a oa"f frita th ex ths be.en too mththe ia int-y ,. be brought from these couti. esn. althoiih only a few months old. has al NQrtt,-n .r "wats rea 'siows:hiag OIWlOBRE ONrNT .,- .
re1o ar actually bednfoterodtelatresnil n oree 18-33 cen s pe aonid ;a-tortdav b teet .al ton~cl~iefin provide

pornattio lof ore wi fa th e Naren the clim fa tt do t he The lumber has already been gotten read taken the lead in all matters ptr cent er pod;vest i. -4 cet ; pork- ..
i.n.--- tpr0 Keyo anaitn in ess wl talo r t ths w hre t.atemi tn lim at u I u- ,_ brt t .pg to Southern horticulture, .cents; mutn. i.15Dl M cents vea l ison ..; ce.- t ... ..' ..
-year O the ast crop st. But O The importance Of large Tt e rpet t b in t w r f t e, -T e sausage 15 cts; corned bf i c s. -' .
.-. .* o .a "lsr o r-n a w h e e x- p u t-u lec w oi m btl w r o [ F r o m a ntne, T O krrear. | a rwbo ec a le a t wSU o c e nta p e r o le cks u a ndt $ -W,#, .S .. P. ''-..-.


uThe outlo-ok for the fall trade was st pae o r at ions, e ha putting it up early next eek and hopes F- od .- no.t. rbtilrs aot relrtd en t, or two quarts peor 1urce r .e.n- ITS TELB..A.Pa...C ---._.t':-'. -,
. ,- -.F N b -i g i e n o i c t o I t" 6 1 f e e 't n t u t w i d e s o u r m u [ount e y a If a n d "6 l L Su r aIta. O [. w hoe .A .N s = : -,



.~etrtim n -oe- "eE-:a a 0pro~p
ous,;-neverebring.hter; good crops have been aptes a aroud. An tensortane t b.eginsoite em -, 1.e -i behind hersster booth- E Pia woleale at S cents per .t- c .eL n-'*rr-. Ini';hnt, rw-.'t
!-: made.farmerareou ofdebondevry begun at S tatgienI land last year isn roih hv tethcly ebnc d insaide of a table progress. It dozen, and retaUl atilcents ea:.-. ------- -..- --


thng ints to lively times during the he. agedo aistocratic LondoU. Itmay or ate hard wood ini hr to b l Se the l an its = -.. a -.t hern. .-at'p per.b i.
-Ma y em n tr.. ,ntim es nata ., p p, is .-i .o e .. .xn .a" wamothre quotue a c are to be ,o ers, for each of these grand d Nohe arrot wbo awt os ,l per bar -Atrom ate rIaW t'4 .tbn_'- I.D d -,
'rinrLt-L yunt Times, not, peha. be in the powea Iror r t fin i, k s- h- od 6 n mamot p,,ureewh i-ahx- ."


.-i g s of fr i upo t.i-ville to exs tem por ze an attraction on p i ined'nf r- igtons of hortic whcui luhture are equally at hom e re; re ali at -icents per po e k..d .. n te -l. I ssep'o., are a i" pai< i"- -v .'e-r '
ionaeT ter ans of thead walbepe-gte re.ds, tefhe n fORinDa Fx at a's FerT Ceer".rI palan'-z," iy cents" pe nor l -alt rorad'd--av "-' one


Thousands of pach trees will be set uch a scale u the mor e practical one hd...c r to c in w- dz ,- w h h so a[, .a:i -- m 6- .:
pthe v ty ofaKeeka this.sont th o a grand s, t owns wan h y GirOE is an aynductred Snatpru nwhol Ut 0 per busha e e rI of l S a:er "-t
in ths con-s ?_-P
-r." .- : .. y a n D t U 0 O t '- .? .. .- .- ... .- m.- v :. .








gvast totyashv dmntae the with othest Dundonbtedtivmptottnc Of'uic Bar e saysn ,r,,'that .' the~ ~ h ,P-"f ",.. +uae1)et' citizens of Hernandodgantlyprinted .ap deyoted.to these-tat.-1.'.-snte perquat
s ofthislusok ssu fruth in th p.e san tes. a...li, nvlies and c cnesae alv to tlo r -"L 'in


u- c s s b tp a and am t yerp a is ir ery ta teis u w i wntere fer the Irtedendrt aTt- 'sa 1 errate. .... a -.
hil ofadeuars meadr Pluesot plet, and St. Augstn wi" l Nt on do thnhto dht I ,elte for fue i o." .1 c t pr qu, rtaiO ua-' ts tar cent. -,OrVEeTABOL 'Q.Q.AIO .
y-O.T 'd fo m r t "i wl'de effe's 't in, tmnuriot h p o t e feort tirnap 82d p bFo e Vpiciial.e f q -.-
.mu. busi-pnD.tofhlesowtaefrte rd .n a tintern display atath SubTroi s Te aprndovitded to onne r i c. o-f I- en abae- -.- -.N%.D et p e '-.pr 1- -1p h



Thi. "- -ntels,-Let own sToir s and the tim n ras- e .otns towemracspa -Theya m pindurs which are 't fatr ousble. t wetoread t nas- c he ga t r nart b and promt- tn 'oft ereai'oh o eeoat perar-fmt;. o -t I: ..":_- -&', - ;
t ii--.mind ca pt the iane Snored of toicndrial ans a frits, ing attractie oa nd _interestingexhibitsof ly, ad isrfu ull ofnreso e rettingtanend nsparpc '.. ,'
v'i--- Taow od, solsauiois toiedperas e treees- will yhodu ts -j't -, p tp ,,,.- -T en. p- G- t--
leve nt g t"rr o this r a e nont t he te bi rds, wild ai ls a oatia ihes, Lari ou s e Atodnispa the pari tod s oa te s ..weh h se, f.o.. Fi d an.-t esci ak. l ru the r 1 ce n S. Vo n ai thsd S' t0 ba-- Mon- '-*Sr J .LJI '' -
dri ng. q alt the daan. bet, Mo- secio s-o-Foria. AOledig fa re ll e e P oulin:L-ethick_ enares wholesalef at;FF_2A 4B)@3) S M iR to-1.~e.- -. *;a.^ S "^ ^ ;X ^ -







cloCattion hkpa*o h~ is ful grown rip gthsors. ec.,bawell ase gtseaOrneral mieneras woods sp-.tecimeintrts, of they soil, R Sedt acksonile fo-r it.Addresseas NqW YORK, Ociit~el.3-TheTCireIs no abat-, '. j* :*,* 'y^'^^^r,
of. .' ot"""10-- am us.gS r a l e mex int u forp t il sho t, o~ iane t bu b of aim a fh fact. thaOv bule t' .- a nd radc y i ottwh e a n d e la ce- sen of als t &,n kthe e.5ach. m D.s -. E .- U.? .,
f~ut~fui ofall sizesand. blo s Th exiito ofind..trilnagi-icultura







w as Le nnonated and grew witheeverything in knd around otnn'e ov to journal. Pricesfwhichakemanifest and' io iinanpr still tend -6ing rpw ar l, and thu T' y -
Sea ion tw iouearagvet tadi on tr te of Ith en of the via n clrd uee hou l e fo ."-.- retail s, Cehisago FRO --'- '... ITS tOWNT ,t1R O'r-L t-b-ac,
Leot is a wodr fu re a.. ..ernd wi tprodouts, eiuacn 't inaomp et.. .e ...t tha ge t up ata p o d. t hes -A an K .ssro n 3- .- -,




habeventually "*5^0''1 a 0010- rsuc .rs .ep are -od-;Thn's Upa'd boy-
S ) '-. o fthee obe ur w a k e o prtit thi tn e t 'oth ey- F- ,a-o Ffl ',,ia t e.- :p h a.-tt-Ne.-..t
n-tyea thequ lutoa th o raght 'irectionvid th o arbiter e atdu p a ne The so ather nti es intted th Stat had e at e lea r w p rf rtb e F eader .-r-.To t,.r, vh .,laa X1445 er rai t .reto ail .ihe f o. .o. -* 7-.' "' ? S,at




il u o f si t nu ioen. a- t dflev, th lroid ..:tnis la beil it gr at-O ra ge w lotruy naavedo i C i t r. .ee : .r,_ _.-^.:e n L ,e 1o teatrplr quair ; u".. -- -, 1 $ 1t3t f l Ear e t- qarM ,5en ,- ; _.
,- l- Natsite' and hothl c tha do t r ce --c lemons, lnims Vensd r-- t.; 'r v "




-:% Croiwn ofoint-s hasl ifae -harnt Mhi-t, wh.anddoias arrit manged eai pere., co. tiFlaRl-Pcto eduthed- GrOtultue dices u_:u .u Ol-_y. -, _. t-"
"~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ '. .. I u l n e e L a u Z l / U ]Z I :i + i -1 _- ++ q ...




.- %-. a of the State The resee Btios of -th e h poie tvariete of th1 be enirt ditne inu thei ,-spc '. cents;'~ 'loldr~neh fl ens -'d pe .flfl -,I



p-Order nt in Toramhao expct too reiete wokuoeri es sopod i tr.aane at f_..e and. .. .. toL _:,. us,..-_ tr.he seornd s s ao cn -re tr p w ole alea r- l --.-_ -




--- *as e Patd and grew o.. d f i s --tv'te displs by- the loui es u aoer nail- (fJrtUso e.sh:e' to. -dm6r.,typog.aphy- ILU.. r re aUe0 ^nl b ;r gnuJ S-. .. .. "= ""- '"
i'ave is'eagye iuesen circudifereancet xhbtonadfo ae. Extiarfacili such-a liyel intres in. th success=[ of frui"=Throer sA.ould haveD FRUI'TGRW&E --wusrn-v..."w, 4 .1F ,-I" .- >.' ".: v.,.=.'





a-n o m ul"r o.f pum.pkins for prompt and. carefu shtr ofb thirs g 1oad.uat.Trand displays. n ovel he are- fA gn~ rdB ieb h e nsed-itoal -si-- al re-- i Z -" ,". ..... .. .
ha be siods n so a-d wt the mogoa yTh-e Eposltn e prove, under t' h -anio...ce in Fle o ..rrida .. 'ofe Southr i ishtdedt Sucs tadt'ount-e -r [e.....N.. ...Oto be-Vase ioms : + t li -,4+ -I.

~ --rf'~ -s-.enl --' *-e -n -Coil-b -ake opne ,mdy~n close atTIRAH c'iL., '



An e reg trin d .d Yturar a lpti nlgI' u e i'rl l d dto ft h af r e nter se" -s at o o- .t- o qo oai onr 1 oI- ..t t :-""N:i
sten e ond an pt e S oth, Foia R agoord o h tcliu, a and hasvea bel ncluid las l-" r a, -lot i- ...n tyh ng r coanne ct d An" Fldoi- a.ty- Le csbty',-g-mth "ohenLv e .tom- Jo a-l .S.. --.-- -






b t. e.. Br tow 'e l o h v and- th junc ts l a i tiieo ,D enlos ed OlS u E co e waa toucr- .r a i ng. ..... -" "It c ', :- I1i .
tr ansfeor the lrge-tot u of a tle tati asf etoerie, o ofms : laemons, lame shnt ..F b.ea at .. I- .Wsu bs riptit.. toa e raegrtt ht etnSn ex eial snt nu-ber 'o f z adn-LE -t '------- --& 1 at.- 6--,- r-a'_".. -.
n Pobae nglo d- os h iet ppd ndo vry Mou c itosadok apefrit, m atd he is lai pero the S te,.. IV forr$4'ern" th oe. RT-H. fail -Cdigi *o '- $::6"-1aUre -1l Z.]-
Fodatangtereoods,.papars ntangoes, e is s i-eaha usee, but Feoridshows and v e oodord-"r. som..nL"
gia t .. .u e ps o s h- t se tofd thc Frida So R igtd h o bee Casle toe -l-ndt wer e i -.. onsL8t-b "














It'.", is=-sn Cay ingsat tbe tc. and stftatie h xpsto roh loawberries Groai-at herebue, andoecibls thek&.o' .for. ageieyp makceup- whlcoe theB'ed-atal e--.. 169 als aaes-b^^''yK~ay*.:y***'1esp-toeb -^^ ^ ^iima Hrl
Rat'' oaDi. R at so uhast beeoign ize d withths, wathes asitil' s, ofar- famed ay f Charlotte H ro .hm.. dep Jacksonvillwe exre Ot dreo t dma k-'51 blipe,, exprt 'Th er conttnent- abates 'j a '--. ,* "B..8"-
wi .-p T a i finely t. o w.t'JL ini s o.ut U lingu ish edio M n qout-re r -ep .r. I-n. B. .-"1 ,-, i.jain.I7, z ,







L-. ie of steameersnwithhviewfu ofplaiownripe 'gateobf -anu.,iqu an usel aid ae.pm otha Antc unpa ra lliled oa. CAdSre sfact, ove, andfraeitrt ed hily and secona- ; hi- --of-s isnarn 'o.tiroao-S' A .- --.. .-gg^^ gi .
Kyr ist an d bHoos. Tha e Fnoriio ander tric;and lag'iumt -uTH EUT .Pu. ma idt sieenaretna-e.gw .n hard woo a- .'--__- i, %.



Trbewilbbiesn of the mostrp Is~ fdutains. bidae-ae n4hn-~- K- d ode-s,sj ordiach y comsegrnd thisii chfi~riedttaflonst 2'.i destckfoj n
not rtContei o'her e itug thcower W(if JacFoi ad-etclle-uh at r )p penoadc trworthyL|n-- "-
ate To amst. nte- ou samoigh yr. ui nr.g -, -- -nw.lto be -. No f R dtar 'c Li -br b-"..,.


ad.toql at -( t- _P ` 5-it V .---% ttei-p ~~ g ~ W b bet w~e i~ n -- - -




"- ii Clay "- nsAppk an ..l t ~ie th e~itp gruns .. ...t -- Grove where WiUth s Clark- & C6'd, t-- i"s-euccessiwe weelcm "this.-new-Ias "-- .........n '- --- __ ... .. _-... '
eas 'ja k n 'dij- a c-iMp 'loiicingj
_et equal to teoag e-]lut to extempHorizea.. A ea igfatt urtio on .. .,".. ... .. -a- ion of 1 otjutr are equll at hom Pel" --tati at-- t.4 cet per puk. -- erse ~o.e'o~ ~lo~-o-rb ..- I b 'de .nva+fl.L+ t sp:i' -












a t A p s UCy cu th e iw' oi b ,se tia i n e ls.-- -fefe t e dr a l oes t-e r J 'O








-'-" -~ ii-- -.-- - - - - - --e- -s- - --i" + 1---=" "II...I---- wo r k..t. -Elne --= l- -- -- s-- s-UriiL b'6id biiie8A m n;Wh hoeW an t- -- --" = I aconpisj ad u o loid ahle -
oupure a e tte taeed -e at a e b t t ....c-c- o e pce-Itli .. ...- ....... "
in t.ah 9.ve r pllnted a d re lnt r + .. .- .. .,, -- d the- vaioe us tof w~h r mnistn and s apa",er whaki [h+ r"++m d '"- 1' 1 :- LMS who -+a. .. ... ffal. dtyj 8 ....
-t i c i~n. i t yh o f Kut a t e r t t k a se t T h e o f.. s ua g r n d r B e .h .uc s .l -n "' ... i. -_- . .. e ,.. .- ?- -' -J .. .
.. + -... .. ,.. -to ia sh w eljin. (;ROWE is anm ablye shou d ha te d and ar le ,. -pr ... ... -- "-:- .. "-"
Panest two eyeari chs hav d lremon t 'e e e eChh to aa a e a itt n the s r cor unt"iers.v .'li -t~i 6 .b ls l 61 .. - -, -X-+ ., .., .. ~e . $ L 5.0. pe r bushel; re ...... ri.-. the -;p %M F -`"
rated... th W t. th --. .. ... tu.... n of... ... n- .rin ted pap~e-o r da yo're.-t~e o he se t al I0+.. e ,.-_- p .. u r. .. .- .- 1- ", r. .-.-- .I
... . ra g s, a we t ra e o l a tsor.. .... -=.. . ... '. s b-s C ~ t + l
have been old. .. s- ; ta til ciiz n -_f He na d,. ---; .. -- 8 .-A O tb J -Th pa d . IR- .
net ,een r riow ann. ne ceittec, t ..p o .-. .. .. ,, c o w h.dIC-S... 811-164. .per c-rat-e;, r-tai.l -',C-'.-.,- :
bills .. . K eaufie andl c n P le san le ons. .h in es, C itrusa and Pas o y ea -r its aub re aliv to a V e ry g e topics tow bi h we rfr t u ber -, the read. I o m . .- o- .
;fnawl.nodou t arn theirdin terests, andh fuly reaiz the .for f rh rif rvton"1e nt pe ...... t =w ....... ;o '16e t
'Wrulue turip 82.50 per baoutel fatuna ,ua.tr .... ;,t,= ,.,,I 7,`
O d r fo r m o red' h a the nF 4, 16, 0 br c rL dr fu ... . ... "- .- I .-. --? -' _; .. ..- --. m t . + - .. --..
,.iaha eo~tg.~h h ~ ta._.TeE pm~ n .tlluresengtudrav el m-gr fea ben sefits whic water undteoubtedl tmg oulhed Fltorida B[any+~ o ie.ou .zedr -e fort:5cc" uo GretB r ui p_.wb-l.g'l e. .=.-.': a 6 eaeil'`n ndZ1oir _-
,hTave alrseadym een- placed a t Sanfwo rdla idoawna uead-rvdept eo te n.-npralle ofe. Adrer. oi. e -itre.td-.ijePl1.. d-. -da- :. s.r.: ' -. ,- ._.








aI folo stam r fin dipl lin vro Putt thed to-T o ic l The beaut Rid ArNhDe.o evergreenER -s'pl c p ofpaper and Iu. &I-J1idiiltraprl in ev rythi__conneted -- Flor T.emarffe:.q;, api no_ ..t: .-..= .
.. .. _-- r .. ., ...- .. --- ._ _, -: -4 ... .- _.,
I-.. fivey mi~s nd ,Cali ancur the n -tw a S anfor of troica land suhe Lro pics and frutisia n a -ttraci e OanOd interstin ex ibt of lda and.-.,wfullofitrdea ting "c mmnd z~i s 'e-hc- '.g --~a~.n-'-. ._ :- : .me -~ .=''.J -'k ,,e.-----.
h= p rand t wsome b rick ci aty full of pluc and dob-m' foiae . p lrn~r chde r~a reo pl~tant-s .. .1 11 ." : ... -. .. '-%; o..hb r Iar~ a $'= i~i be.i~il~ -_ej~ ._- I... I- .... .w`"'L ., .-- .
.-,~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ... .+'. .. ... -- -V n .. & '~. .3-r e ." "' .. . .. . -: e'-n-... .-..... ;-_:'.
.-~t d i p a taheo't pom p auy-h a o fe orp a-e w~hu t e c~ i t s o a k o ~ Jl O a g r e F r ~ z r h s b e ~ s d a e ht a ve seen ,.bh o p-Fa lo r i da ep e io ally _. -._... ._... = .. -. . .
-- .. r' H a rr is o n .s . L e t p e a t r e b ir ds. w. .- -e ..s. .o i-l..; .- '.- .- = . --.-_ -7, .._..., ,I" -. ., .. ,.i i .._. . - +, ""
..- .% -l a Ap p a ty .T e'ic po'tr ar'wt n eauw walk,g dqai-istan es rm.l ooi ng 'iPnlv. .. .- eh g-ou'd l-te.od.w r-twl .. i --- ... +---= .... ; -&, i- i--
..'. J-&owatl[.n'oJ ruipes eu who ,hotetc. .% Darm wellses a gneral!~at ---- -v W-_t$' CL o.. -aqmpi~ -,-, a _.9.p ~~d, ..+ .. h$c. .:. .
''. on his-_ -p"-la is full ,of Intel' "- -in" .-- 7 "Lb-e" tobac"-co... .. --.-m-a- l--_-F --e- -" .- -'-'-I --- .--.;': --" --, "-- -_-'. ".=


44t'o)-i.-,eg '.:.JI-:<-.- :+'= :- =,-- -:----------- ----- --:-'7+-i-:/ <4 > --:'=:-=i ;-. '- 5.r:.- :;!W+ st-U
: .. ,+. .+,= __.._-:_:-" ,- ...-:= -,; ._ -. '-e .. =o-;. .. = -/ --...- ,-.-t'. ...- .=- A 4;:t.- =-=- -.x-..=-.. K :. t-A:.. -4-f_-.l Y-'.-=. -r _ .',.== _ -. +
-- - - - - - - - ----w--