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VOL. 1--NO. 29. JACKSON VILLE. FLA., WEDNESDAY. JULY 20, 1887 PRI $2 A YEAR.
J ... '87-- $2, ..
SPALMETTO FIBRE, continual current of pure air passing THE HENDRICKS WHEAT. How Deep to Pla W- eat. 9th. It h oorthenfL- An Interettin Variety of Corn.
through the building. The machinery IA r of ee .rim. i.nti.itud y tio ing -ibomedutil ,, "
Proteser Robo3ti, wit a view to aster- 51, U -. u. r,. -.
Pro ss of one of Florida's Pe- enty five horse power. Two large boil-, The Germ, Perhaps, of a Future inith ,'or d teh to r'ltwhe well as f-y "have.just received 1. letter of
culiar Industries. ers w suppy thetea for running te Source of Wealth. ... f_ .c usively _h.t shallow. as wel il'e l, QUig abut tSC.ThOa
hy engine and for the various steamgpro- up to960 o or Red Yelvet.ob cor, I te
e pas tn ars hemanu- ceses through which the fibre passes Three years ago Mr. Peter Hendricks, t;- e. ept eris.t. toaP darVW o The seI wberit cane from.-. It .wsR n ffg`t
facture of palmetto fbreh a been stead- before being prepared for the brush ma- a farmer residing a few miles fro ............ o dried Ia- Into eour couVt.and-giown there onfe
i wil'aneirug to a prominent position of.seI- Professor o iutituze .-a. .- I" E ,- -
ly ing a prominent psitin On the first floor also placed two Tampa. founu throe grains of wheat in.i t fi lni "^ "n in.. T son ws 'he-year before I und fit f was, t pe
among Florda's industries, the chief duplex steam pumps with a capacity of sack of coffee. Thcse he planted in tihe- png o ih e .- grow b b.f. lrtl he idbyt elp ands.em l o
eng ineduced ba nad tf tardaiustst and moit ngg- p- nc -,,_A
agency governing its development being 9g1:100 gallons every ten hours. fall of 1834. and the product the follow- orou. plnt. t.h t dry porous i Kati. mE .'., n orn,wic li ooverei'th
tle invention and improvement of me- Besides the machinery for the palmetto ing spring was 10, heads of a headed h'weru orecoigis- ne d rhena Thi'n w ear, \~evrs, and thi. ri.etcb.-Ahtno'"'.
S"nicaapplian f8m Sme timeago fibre,they havealmostascompletean out- wheat of a superior quality. One of .ha .1 mS ep .ftaeig.i therile acias I ree Iidt ot -a
hed a leer it of machinery for preparing the gray these heads came into the possession of tess th nf of -at u'a.. -Imaa -on it -- y c-
of Fern. ndindescribing his experience moss which grows so luxuriantly along Mr. Joseph Robles, of Tampa. He plant- incha d a half tire paromoba the ae satisfied. ry ieum- 1:tlgbe .loki
with the -fibre and now we have thi our river banks to a condition here it ed the seeds, but too deep, and all but c or wheat to sencuie lk tohe stre te-anddd widbar- a after. Ia.11 a-t i t ,re-.tg.
pleasure of laing- before our leaders a is suitable for making mattresses and for seven failed to ,row. The seven stools -rsu.it. Im a 1.aeeu- tlidin iai'ier. other cc"r, a tI'iiBhrnk-ill-ou I'd., t
description, by a reporter of the Times- upholstering work. They willalso make which constituted the crop of last year. esu- ___ .. I shall la-ant' h.tahe to pndwivll-gi.ve6o she.led. io'th
Union, of a new factory just established a pine straw wool for pillows. This is contained ,nearly 309 stems. One ot ... make a rob oi", abl(.reporlt s tike. birrel1ha- our_ 0 cmmie 0 (ri.arigth'
at Jacksonville: a an excellent remedy for asthma. and them sent up .5 stems, but Mr: R,.bles The New Wheat in Leon County. *, -. DkANBY. weevil do not ea tit as nhic Tihe.obb
The Jacksonaille Moss and Palmetto o.derrs have alr-adv been received for tbiought best to reduce tie number to 411. Edtior ITo,;'da F', r ,,rn FN,/ a'-cG,(,,tr:7 NEW FARM. NA EEN AL.Fla. .i ssmall.,bright reir, and asfts.veel
porks have their plant nearly cow supplies as soon as they are made. In April of lat year we visiteil Mr. The few s~eds of wheat you Sent me a when shelled. The ears are.nStasong
pleated, and n a ew we e will b This article would not he complete Robles on his-$ ace near Tampa. and were planted last January, and at.tLe ,a,,, asomeother kids,, ut no master how
tulijngout ore than one hundred gross without mentioning one little machine, were so much interested in this wheat "ame time some early Rust Proof oa'. UCOLUMBIA-. dNTY FAR M E aRS-o.ngOr- sanrt the' kinds 'bei no will be
of brushes per day, besides immune t invention also of Mr. Miller. who h that we begged the largest of the -stIs. Both grew finely and ripened al.out t.e -. tful and iounided oer.ate'ottom ends
quantities of. moss or mattresses, fine takes up no more room than a sewing which the owner kindly gave us on a me time. The wheat produced beauti- DPen le Wh t Tfi ,'ith corn. jTbhe grainis.lung and flinEy.'
straw and other products in like quan machine. yeV.... TPe it may be ofAnt# .
stra, and other products n like quan machine, vet with the assistance of four later visit. From this. 1.200) grains were large heads .with plump, well filled Opn -, Perhaps it may be o dtnees.tp .vo.to
titles. heir plant is located on the river small ioy,. it will turn out 40110 brushes obtained, weighing 1i ounces, but we graius, and i.ias-ad mired by- a number of Own RISOUr know'how I bave miy ed:lcbn v elected.
front at the foot of Washington street. per day. Thece L.rushes are mall, but tound there had been considerable waste, tentlenjen to whom I showed it, and was .r. s e ,ifh ,I .-, When gatheiingm orn,IleYefor'sed
..Time Union reporter wa shown well made, and are suitable for toiler and are confident that all the grains pronounced by then to be as fine wheat, .bac coPl 'eribe "hi oe iot stalks thal have n'otless-tfly.
through the building bv Mr.Ueorge F. brushes. Tiey will require at the start. bacco lant describes hist oby a4.. o developed 'ears. The-r I-aiB
.Millhr, to whose research and experi- t .e q ,.un-or n a drive out fronrLake City a41 ai und P;o .'.
a.-ments is due the origin ot the large nuim and will turn out. on an average, per t \ i ta cattle I thik he cori T nos-
her of machines in use b, them. Messrs. day pounds of fibre, 14) gros of p. ar a \h mJ1 o*.ixed full .' s a a an a
Stewarr, Hungerford and arner are brushes. s dozen brooms, 6,. O i poiindsof \ection a.r al .e a tbo & euled up bythe roots an
the proprietors. moss, and 1.0u0 pounds of piue straw. \\icdr bro b. uare:ters: a d, i'.:nocet
The main building is 5)xlO0 feet two This is an enterprise that will be of great .liae -'d A t pa si hi d, u h't Te in ar sm d, c
-stories in height; connected with this is adva tage to Jackiseutill, hein not iv o tn of e b\i Va an wi i a~sa ele in, sop- tha ed rn';
the eler room is feet. ad dg to Jasive in not oul mp" ajei.he i t- tour cre i ca a.o .ifaltrh. -Tph fmt. stalk"and
Sthe engit e and boiler room on teed opening up a new industry, hut in giI-- Y i sI v-r next l teap roug t o Vtle t e rac ou f fho
:eur.......ed i up, a ne' indrry. r gi, o n t -Eli e 1-vt" is
iand to the leit f ihis bud n ot connected ing employment to a large (r umbfr of t\s / . e sir, tdo-teib ofe lhtio ".Jii c attle oth~- --a f f-
with the main building, i-I.the receiving hands. Mr. Miller. the superiuitendelnt, \/ e !..h .. -*.t *o""verhoi'kn.-orsItrir[ k I:t oil.' i-"
and stored until needed in the nanufac- ing the. best m thods for preparing the \- reh.-p thea t van o pee a-y Ir onlitrc
roomwhere i therwmtra is -eceieddohas spnent the patifeng rerioar ai std mli-c- \\ o\i lork tha o, f
W' rngre-o mhti e ofoian....- ..ptht i e prol' seer p.,^ursr
turning reeAs they have twenty-two nbre of the palmetto for market. and he han I ne wyn n lr sc h tw lbrraonf a t.dg s-h
feet of water at their warehouse front,a is now in a gon .wa to arel a ewaid b- / ad- -t -i .. Mtor o ntorag me w n ith .... a ben- t-o
vesseleof ainy size chn:tand her cargo fior- th e a ofe oi wEB deedain a o in bea-ing p es Tiy
n in te. v h or se eriori n s th l o o search. o te at o .an
r bece i a ed ih pub o gi d iof vt r g rass whic as nt et A r '\ atiye rs old aet agrno at parent d'g ons rnatd'
ahere vit isu ected ho a aming pro- cost I h ng peri harvest. abed toeti, whd \efoueted mihoe ier tpy undrk at c an
ith ebr palmto boot s, which time toutgra?" isone that haselici'ed ro t taken pi af a dd warn 0he'hpr i -
grws'on the trunk of the tree t. the in- volumes of discussion in the agfbultural one of t'e obeeis sent along with user an ip i Thosphate omatd ee
tersection of thaie leaf.un Th i lo strippedd one o t\et s sent arlon Ta witlc ces d o ba recmps a yP pa a ano ra
reom o theotreae. b Thio is n strTipped press, andi that. hae been subjected to sample. He thas four acres in tobacco satisfactory The an a t-os n
from the tre e and brought to market in elaborate scientific experiment, and yet looking very finhel, teeth brought t6 th'tui-Faduja k the
nd quatiiest, seitred sy in ou n utritious mo t .f an d hat \\ \ \c// /enered irain refresh e nt al
immense toue a ure it n er it would seem that this time may be lo- At Mr. E. H. Martox's we met with a trenc ling and holtligy g rgn-prspect-
litl raouble tcur end conneted pirons .'lle. eained iri wee met without ande tiel no ba btcud. in teemm
ithe am hie aoe the an ers cated within a very narrow margin, at 4 pheno menon in the shape of a L.Conte ed g for deposits alhicas Iengithey can
living in the vicinity of a marsh ean put least, by any well informed, practical s reie, parth e m toh e- ie iset atoet of es a dol-
in 'heir spare time Vesy p frofitablyhe i er. propped up to peveat the weight of fruit an a r on and,-in great quantity. We t re
received, i put into galvanized iron vats Tp i ee ih at- about'six years old, and yet upon o ne gat hereu ti dtfferen t dig. gs dun
o t nmals show fte r grass which has not yet yrro re, ing the i wsie bon y n fright ta daifr t th or tngs urui
wh ere it i s subject ted to a sea s a me to tie blooming period has led tot \ small, slim branch we counted more mely et.oectingwor tat Cost y
cs wi which fm \ t n pthn red well r n ears. The dollarn.all-for the labor of a ew days.
cies. wibch redu fthe t he advocacy of very eaily cutting ; butt ohe well grown pear
ing the fibre to a soft o mass,t o he h a this poliy ris the hard ingt \ tree co stained between twenty and thirty The i pdte would have been far greater
easily separated tte d.ir from the ro sse of he t y e B is on the prr paber s on an e toiss o n gtend
om here it passes to a pounding unless two or ore cuttigs are made, bushels, and numerous other s in of je ot n wor ia been to g
From hert passes t o to a pothei e must be a great lossf feeding ma- od grove wSunee Si.hni to bearing. Nearly rom ofphte pea ch not merely y to. aser
ehinie, ainention of Mr. Miller's, which trial, and there has certainly been no / every onein this neighborhood is grow- nir locality. The State of outhel
sets upon a massive foundation of logs sufficient evidence furnished that there ing this excellent fruit, the success o arena rceiee a dollar a thu royalty
and concrete. This is constructed with is sufficient superiority in ,uch very which is thus already proven. on the phophates mined, and tiose in
belt fitted with netibes of wood of the ear t grass to compensate the great At Mr. G. C. Mattost's we i ere agree- Wak .oy have been demons.trted.-
Sbl ack gum variety selected account early cut grass to c ps the great county
ac u vaiiet. on additional cost of an extra harvest. ably entertained and refreshed with a to be'rcher by sundry andaysep, and can
t itsingn ey a o oon hodi-aa most app etizing di nner, at which an be taken out s less eosethan the re ioylte
o- f its t aoughness and durability.d A hex- On the other hand, it iNtin fact patent a a b tae a lo re mlkan etr. onte n thate bi
quireg tpulieht bea f ot aro cre tol r one wo will given the lresubject a p randance ot fresh milk and bteter the mint tte. r odes
the steam sha fting, causes the belt tore-re t ought that there must be a time a iet of home made delicaciesplaved that the company has e haaked ipp an
lvoe slowhiy. passing from one end tothe between theg fist appearance ofs be loom a ctnspicuous- 'part. Mr. Mattox in- enterprise which must prore highly
othe is about three minute. The ibre and the hardening of tie seed, whenhe l ou. formed as tha he had nt bi-ught a profitable, ad wellhr advantageous to
fro tae sevone ralot is stated t n in plant will contain the maximum amount pound of meat in twelve years, but that agricultural interest .-Floridian. rt -
-. and pasoesundert ip ammerstwent i hen of nutritious matter, and when that he succeeded in raising at home plen ty
Snumbher, each one weighing 1:34 pounds. matter will he in uch shape that it may e and to' spare, and that several of hs
which have curiously contrived pinions all be retained in the hay, without the neighbors could be included in the same A Fine Locality for Fruit.
withhcams which allow the hammers to loss which occurs from the shattering of category. In this connection he showed Leconte peArs are bti ng shipped, and
fall alternately and withe great force, the ripe seed or from the hardening into e us a large field planted ent rely to pea- it is to be hoped that express charges
thus eaisintegrtia g the fibre from the woody fibre of the soft tissues of the nany uts, upon w htich, at the proper season, and commission men will daot bring t.es
I pasi u th o ms mahi takesing mac t- nstem. This, as vieted fiog md the theoret- his hogs are turned ad-fattened. L owners o ut in debt, as gls been the case
chine where all the water is squeezed al standpoint, is certainly the golden Su tannee Shoals is ten miles north of in so e of the peachi sblipments. Pears
t e a ie a inc tha I a .,ortu uatv for hay-ouaking k and not- Lake City, on the song enshrined "old kicked at the-proper time can go safely
-out, andL after going through a combing f oreo.. Soa-nraeg "river," ad i of ooo co in our by frihta s here5=3Ne l o adBe*-
machine, where is straghtened, is merous tes, bol, in the chemist's labor- f e sight- y freight as as New York ad Boa
machind a it is strai ne it is atory and in feeding experiments, eou- liest localities in tEhe county. Mr. John ton.
rties it back and forth several times Farm and cicil os sfmehi ew growing this year, and ful as a small fruit-grower. His expert-
through a drying vat heated to the re- grass has someha largely nxt. Mr. ence in grape ad peach and as recounted below, is very culture erestin soil onTanksivin day, laNoem- where else. and many other were used whou o-
quired temps o all sure by hot air from the buintendhelofs planting bo largely pnetr Mo. ea ieen sae ar and ans scorch-
engineBrown is one of the largest planters of extremely satisfactory an W a
Theris alo on this oor a turning making.43 as the gross proceeds from regardoureportionperimentasanexperiment, grew of weFloridd was unjed by the is, well as one of with the most encouraging results.
ork in half an hour that wof 7,5 ii0 broomequi e A successful attempcst atof crosutting wheand stack- to be a success. Itsthe most substantial anu pro giespos o siv th e aciti- From the insct peach trees least hydro-
anentire day in the sun besides the as- and rye is mentioned in Biedermann's ge regio, is clearly attributable to time marking as low unusual aenion being given to fage canic acid onnection wit
aller cost an the freight fromChi- the acre of land not so very long the In Febrar about lanterenow on hfee d, of last fear's crop. 1,0 lent fruit, which brought inthe markets
and remove it i casexpect to have ago, he would like to kow, considering the orage which REprevails among theDR WHEAT. fro which bushels of cparn, it 2alo ane, s now in the sum of $398. Tese tree: were
uThe fibre is next passed through a pol- stamens removed before they that w ill* orange grower. .They may all admi never fully recovered. de-About March of swine e iage intact o con
pi to hve more orders tharen the one and Farmer. the ack interest in other.crops and to. worm, froance generally, as they had pervading the various et, which has oranges of t judiciously fertilized. Mr. odean iand
removacine can fill. s then ready for the the whol a great extent the lack thate kno edge saved byeen. here was not pplicat aio y time of ndon, remain sited us furnished r for realizing ,.aan Gabne su ient to resupporlts
-.One ver good featufloor, where the brush making mes tablish- Reports from eouthi n Florida ind, of genuine farming, whit is such a Purple, which aso injured it o some opened yh rders for 500head ocaitle, wi be eagerly looked for. The nght is
ment-istae large exhaust fan for carry cate a large supplementary orange crop flgood feingato have in the country." extent. e n o a trade w if continued, will bo-a Tho hde tinregboth brathingsentien
O allshavi second fioorare dust, and keeping a m esulting from a second blooming. A. B.C. r It bloomed in March an o d rwaos cut May fortunate t for aatee count salhe iersa-oral Adifornian-
.for it, a total on te two saws of about ing youflg Devon cattle breeder, says he who is Florida's model truck farmer. and fruiting in pnfqusionand perfecting, terminating scale bugs by the use of a
ft _-! ..-. 0-w... .. ,.
I .L k~ --
V- .eRDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWElf, JULY 20, 1887.
V rrha ndiafd ,
*"'.MAN'S ^INSECT FRIENDS.
A inseet Enemies.
We' have "frequently referred to the
great benefits derived by man from cer-
S tain insects harmless to him, which prey
on other insects which are .injurious' to
S"him and need to be combatted. In No.
S+ 26we had an illustrated article( onscale-
eating lady-bugs. Professor Ashmead
informs us that many other similarly
useful insects ar-known to him/there
bein even a miff which preys on the
"-rust mite. But the greatest destruction
Sto insect life-is wrought by a vast num'
ber of species wbiCh, in some stages of
."their existence, are-smrctly-para-itic on
other insects. These are- rreatd pf in
Particular in the subjoined article, writ-
.-ten, we think, Ty rite Stale entomologist
of California and published in the Pacific
In com~odi parlance the term parasite
,n misused toodenote any living organism,
Si whether animal or vegetable, which in-.
-'-.' fecets or draws its nourishment from
some other living plant or animal, but,
.. in entomology ir is applied to a class of
insects which live within the. bodies df
other insectsg.ltimktely causing their
death. %" .
S.. We become dcquainted with so many
different kindsot'in4ects through the de-
S redations they onimit upon our plants
and trees as to give rise in our minds to
i, "the impression that all insects'are de-
'i7stiuctive and worthy of the sentence of
V 'deith; and vet this is far front being
660 correctt view'o'f the case, many kindsaid-
.ingus in our'warfare upon the injurious
nes by preying uponthem. These form
S three natural groups. according t6
S whetherthey atcli their prey, live ex't
S eternally upon their hosts, or' live inside
of them, ultimately causing their- death.
To the first group belong those insects
A whi., -.like the lady-bugs aid ldce-
winged flies, seize their prey- and either
devour it bodily or simply 'extract its
juices; these are commonly known as
predaceous? insects. They arenotsoeffec-
*tive. ih'tiheir.warfare upon the injurious
insects as are the.internal parasites. sitce
they will turn'upon and devour their
weaker brethren whenever there is a
scarcity of their' legitimate prey. Like
the insectivorous birds, they ar-e'quite a
likely to devour the beneficial insects as
they are the injurious ones; still.the
benefit we derive from them as allies in
*our warfare upon the injurious kinds
should not he underrated..
The second -r46up comprises those
which, like certa, in kined of mit.e?, live
- ,r externally upouI their lihosts: some o1
SiA- them occasionally become so multiplied
S as to cause the-death otf vast numheis of
,.4na.i.i;ou;, u nuct whi" they at-tacEt i--
S haps the most prominent parasite f. this
parasite will attack only insects of one
kind, or at least only those that are
closely allied to each other.
SIn the year 1881, many of the orchards
in Northern Illinois were almost entirely.
stripped of their leaves through the dep-
redations of the yellow canker-worm
(Hibernia tiliaria); but I noticed that al
most every one of these canker-worna
had one or more tachina eggs attacheS
to it; the next season there wasscarcelI
a single canker-worm to be-*seen where
they could have been counted by the
hundreds the preceding season, show ing
how thoroughly the parasites had done,
their work. "-:- -
Mr. J. W. Wolfskill, of Los Angeles,
informs me that several years ago the
soft scale (Lecaiutim tiesperidumi) occur-
r'ed in his boianze grove in such numbers
as to kill some of thie trees outright ;
later it was found to he attacked by a
small chalcid flyv.which -s Feduced-its
num-beis as to'cause it to he compara-
tively rare aulie present time. No lets
than'five S E t kinds of-' chalcid flies
are known "T tack .t-is speciess, two 01ot
which areW vn Lto.occur on this coast.
Tlne black scale-(tialWti olkixi would
be much mores tFAIthau 4 is
now but for-th .ck6faf-asll cdal-
cid td3rfsan 1i iA zs alo6ett oe ot the
I-ose 6JQ,40lfS9 )w-B!i ai preyed
t 0.fferentkinds.of ch.-lcid
fl i S, h ocSy 0njhs coast.
Tbe .otmg his:--('bip? a cTr-
fdh'i is;:4lsoattake.Sy.t.w_9df eien t
"k ds'of,.paOrasites bote.'of -hwhich occurL
u pn- this coa5thavie'seeQw.ole ol...-
nies of rhese'ap'ia sMvery individual of
which had beeotacey..n or the
o0 her of these.paras.ites I ., -is?*
The greca tse rbf'four ::inj curious
insect-, artintr d.adv speciep;,"and as
theii at.'parases'-in.-uearly every
caseS veiuee introduced with theait,
tbese insects have been enabled tc mul-
tiply to an. excessive deTgree. Thus the
four most 'formidable scale inmeets found
upon this coaet-the cottouny cushion
e-ale, red scale, San Gabriel scale, and
San Jose scale-arie evid-enlYv introduced
species, norine of which were known to)
be attacked by. parasites until last sum-
mer, when Professor Riley. our National
Entonvlogist, bred a small chalcid fly
from specimens of the cottony cushion
scale sent him from California ; and a
short time ago I bred a number of chal-
cid flies from-some San Gabriel-scales,
kindly sent me by Mr. A. S. Chapman,
one of the Memlhers of our State Horti-
-tultur:il Comnimission. It is still a ques-
"ion as to whether these chalcid flies are
the.true parasites of the respective scale
insects froni which they were bred, since
they may have original prvesd upon
some of our native species. It-ito-be
hoped, however.' that uhese little para-
sites-will increase to such an, extjent as
will enable them tto -kdV:thbe destruc-
tire scale i;.;'-'ct; within due limits.
e;tc V i tic: a.o:ve "I have'l.red a
chalcid fly vcom some male pupa? of the
.cottony cushion scale ; whether or not it
teloing4.c.the sama species has t7he oe6
bred by Profes-of" R-,IF3. I na mlnbaoleiu-
V i s i ut I0 LU' u ajg L in a tii. il. e il1 .I'J --.Y ------- -
tive MR. ,:ky tM tai, loust t.'.lopitci;-
sire/i'si. 4'il et.e i'n knna-n a the ho- Seedling' vs. Grafted Tr'fes.
-cust "mifte u. T 4cT itiurn ko-:t.iruitliu. The ftolkwing is from the Tampa Tri-
Spealking of the attacks of these nmites buun fromn which enterprising paper an
upon th,- above locusts or grasshoppers, article on forage was published in our
a correspondent of the:.Prairie Farmer last issue without credit'i:
writes to that journal as -follows : "Ina One of the humbugs of the day is the
half day's cxaminiation where they werTe assertion that grafted orange trees will
very thick, we failed to finmore than produce fru;t earlier than seedlings. If
tiw1o griisbsoppers not so attked. and the commencement of the reckoning be
this was noti local ; for a disTance of made from the date of getting out the
Sthirty miilesacross the couutry.th were graft on one hand and the planting of
found similarly affected", a 1 1 seed on the other, then the graft m-v
These mitesI, however, are nottruein- I-ear sooner than the seedling. But sbch
whisects, he spidut belong to the same class to reckoning is not faith. When the grafts
which he spiders belong Ar iI; are set, if in the nutirsery. the seedling
Sthe only true insect known to me to thus ha been glowing two aind three years,
Live externally upon its host is a chbalcid the great is set eartihe ground, and the
fly known as Eitup)let if Contstocki, tree is cut down, destroying at least one
w which preys upon the cot con worm of Tear's growth this same thing takes
the Southhern States AI.ctt argillaceasc. yer w t ta
_,-pnlace when the tree has been set out,
INTERNAL P.RASITES. and the grafting takes place thejecond
The third gi-roup consists of those para- year and the top is all-cut away, so that
Ssitic insects that live within the body of in any event the tart of grafting sets the
S their hosts : these are by far more valu- stock back one or two years.
able allies, since the presence of even one The true measure o0 cocmpa ison should
of them in an insect is certain to result, be this: Two trees of three years are set
Sin its death. These parasites belong, for in the orchard ani cared for exactly
the most part, to three different families alike. The one is allowed to growv as a
-the ichneumon flies, chalcid flies and seedling tree, with all its top untouched,
tachina flies. The latter clo: ly resemble and judiciously trimmed; the other ir
the common house fly, and are provided ,r-afted within a foot of the ground and
with only two wings each, while the all its top is cut away except the graft.
mruembers'of the other two families have losing a year's growth. Neither can
four wings apiece : the" front wings of hear tuit until there i sufficiEnt age in
the chalcid flies have never more than a the tree and suffcit-Ut tops and toots to
single vein in each wing, extending along produce fruit. Will the one bearany
or near the front edge of the ii ing. while sooner than the other is the qtuestiorn.
Sthe ings of the ichneumor, flies are This cannot be settled by mere assertion,
O' YIautiDg au ents're o.rchard with
more or less covered with a net-work of nor by planting an entire orchard wit
vins. either seedlings-or grafts. nor by co-
The ta-hina flies deposit their eggs raring oichards in differ-ent fields. The
u;oUn the outMide of the insect inside of needling ivill make the largest ana most
Swh'ich their young are to live, and the productive, tree and the chances are
latter, as soon as "hatched, burrow into eveu. % here the seeds are selected lfiom
the body of-tbheir hoet ; here they feed cLoice fruit.-, that the seedling'. will be
upon the fatty internal parts without in- etIuallyasgc,"d.
during any ol'-the vital pailts. and after "'" t--
reaching the'r full growth they issue Navbl,and Mediterranean Sweet.
from the body of their victim and scon r, R Clfrans
contra.:,t to somewhat oval, dark-b'own The Rural Califoruian r ,s :
Spupf. from which the perfect flies ii H. E. V an Deumin, Ulited States Po-
due time issue. These flies mostly at- mologist. writ-s fiom Washington, say-
tack caterpillars, beetles. grasshoppers, ing that Mr. Willi.ii Sauudeis, thlieorigi.
etc.; none of them are known tinfest nai introducer into this country of the
Sscale-insects. Naval orange, insists upon the name of
The ichneumon flies and clialcid flies Bahia being given it. He eent the first
punrture'wlth their ovipositors thA bod- trees to hMrs. Tibbets, of Riverside, under
ies of the insects in which their young that namn, and s^s'that lie never con-
are to live, and deposit one or more eggs sented tomlny change. It is going to be
in the puncture thus made: from each a hard matter uow to change the name
of these eggs is hatched a small footless of Warhingtonr Navel, which is gener-
grub that feed- upon the fatty internal ally accepted by our orange growers as
parts of "its host. Some kinds as-sume an-appropriate name for it.
the pupa form within the body of .the The Mediturranean Sweet is the heavi-
insect they infest, and the perfect fly. est bearer of all the or-,ges grown in
After issuing from the pupa, gnaws a hole California. This is one strong objection
Through one side of the insect's body, out to thie tree, ai It is necessary to thin the
of which to make its escape ; others, fruit out or it will break the limbs when
while vet in the grub state, issue from ripening time comes. .
Stire body of their host and spin silken Orange growers in some portions of
cocoons in which to pass the pupa state. Southern California are b-egining to
The ichineumon flies usually spin co- question the supremacy which the Naval
coons, even when they pupate within orange has heretofore held. Asthe trees
the bodies of their hosts, hut the chalcid grow older it is found rhat, their hearing
flies seldom do so. capacity does not increase as rapidly as
There is scarcely a single species of in- does that. of a good- se6 iing or of thie
sect that is not attacked by one or more Mediterranean Sweet. jIHis true that the
of these parasites, and as a rule thesame Navel thus far bring oe highest price,
:- r a-m
but a good seedling tree will in the end About Rabbits. to take the other nine, but leave me
bi ing in more money. that. May peace and plenty and years
Twenty acres of oranges in a good It BY AROS, .. of grace be given you to continue the
'cation will make any man rich during .b" ti.merous are t,e rabbits in AuE- good work." .
the'next. ten.years. The difficulty about tralia that the government is spending The agent of Morgan's Bazaar, Starke,
this proposition is that a man musthavc 25,'00 a year to0keep them in check. Brad ford county, who isBa news-dealer
a pretty solid financial footing now to be Owners of private property are also and subscrption agent, writes as efol-
eto'buy uch a plac" spending large sums for the amep- low: THEFARERaN)FRUIT-GRowER
Last winter New South Wales had an is the paper in an agricultural point of
V .A CHAPTER, ON WEEDS. army in the field fighting rab- view. I nould not be without it. and
WEDi. n u sa lo h adahonestly advise all workers of the soil to
bitsi. And -South "Australia aIsor)h ad a snbscrik fur it."
With Observations on Fencing', i ....- number in the iame business. crie o it.
Plowin,. eing- E.tc is it not stiange- that while one Rev. T. W. Moore, of Marion county,
p10v/!p-ng, noeing, ]. w ,.,:,r('" is taking such desperate, : means wrtEs: "I believe your paper will do a
: BYS. L. REED. -' rid of a thing, another is bewailing good work in disseminating new ideas iu
This battle has surely begun in our th,. .-s of it? But sach is the fa..-t regard to fruit raising, farming, stock
State. The constant showers. e-drll a ',. '...u., disease has attacked thie rabbits of raising, etc.'
ture into activity, and the way ,.,'r ,c"-ti- at.a_.- and is carrying them off with Mr. H. G. Daniels, of Amelia Island:
grass grows in the filds ani d irove- '..at rapidity. The nation is alarmed ".Judging from what I have seen of the
shows; us how well grass will thrlicm iii' ": ... it, and it has been suggested that FARMER AN, Foir-GROwER. it is the
Florida when it ii adapted to l.'. Scat,:. :V ort the Australian rabbits imported best az. ri':ultural .ap-pr publLshed in the
itnd lhas all tie moisture ir ite-luires. F ... France would be a gileat Ilesing 'South. I predict immn.-e successfor it."
We can see from our window a :fve. i to that.country. .. -,--. .-Prof. S..-N. Whitner,. of the Agricul-
that was plowed a few we-ek? io.,' v it I Now, rabbits are foreigners in As- tu'ai Co-lege f F"iida writes a- -
has a bright green carpet to-day. a;ut tralia. So is the scale insect in Florida. lo .; ..I cIau say in all siucerit-.it hads
few wotoitiless weeds are there, an' ,ri- Yet it thrives none the lescebiecause it exceeded my ni.s't sangjuineespec-tations.
aro sorry to see so mu'.lh good gL.-- was imported-"from- the old countries. Already it is without a peer in all the
plowed under, and so much money paid So the rabbits thrive .there even more South."
out of the Stfate f)or hay. Butwecannot vigorously than in their native land. Mr C-ar -'- Steve,. of Orange
afford to let our.-orchaids "go to grass." Should the rabbits go onfor five or six Mr. ...s
So there is no altei native, and we must year- in -Australia undisturbed,, the in- outy, wes ofur paper far en
plow it under. habitants would have to leave or die o f ceeds-the hopes of e st anguin
.- -in its good or.It nus a warit
There are so many different opinions famine. Itis -by the utmost vigilance n is goo w .ir. I .at for a aood. a
about all debatable questions that it is they .re now able to keep the. upper ln feit i,' thri. p"Success to yoru' g
not easy to set up a standard. We have haud of them. : ...uural paper. success to you.
seen the grass left betweenithe rows of ir..__ r. R. A. Ward, postmaster at Mala-
trees until it was more than a foot high, -, ,, ,,-, bar, writes: '-I am delighted with the
and then turned under. It was then a F armer J ohn's Book. FARMER" AND FRUITI.-GROWER, and rec-
more solid mass of vegetable matter than Editor 1lorida Faimer and -rut-Grower.-: ommtiend it to all on account of its com-
cow peas would have made, forwe think I am no editor, but I have a kind of 'plete adaptation to the wants of this lat-
iCtretuned more to the soil than they an .editorial outfit, consisting of a desk, itude. Other agric.ltural papers con-
would have done had they -.pen plano-.l 'paper, pen, ink, scissors and a bowl of tamin only an occasi,,nal article of inter-
for that purpose. Great cate should I. paste. The latter is madeof flour boiled est to the farmers ot South Florda.-who
taken to keep the weeds down near the and plenty of alum in it to keep it from care little for dairy news or general
trees, for they will appropriate great spoiling. I am making a book. Solo- farming in theNorth, butthearticles in
amount of plant foe I, as well as moist- on says to themaklin,,f books there is the FARMER AND RuiT-GRoWER- are
ure.f which amount the trees will be no end. Well. I do nt know when Iwill good, verygood, ad I -wish you the suc-
robb,.].. getto the end of this cue. I am making cess you deserve.for furnishing Fl.,lrida
Where one has corn and eotC-.n, the it for my owe use. farmers apaper-that just -'lls the- bill.'
weeds must all be kept down. To do intake a good many papers, and when Mr. C. H. Goodrich, of Orange Park'
this in the old-fashioned way w'iili a hoe. [ fin.-I something to suit my purpose I writes: "I must say that the FARMER
would be lively work, and v, oiili hardl- l;r, ;. out and paste it in the book I am AND FRUIT-GROWER is decidedly the best
pay in these progressive days. J`-.[1 jmakiig., Today I clipped from your publication of the kind in the State..- I
rows are straight and of equal di-.tauc paper what Mr. Alfred Bailey has to say take them all and can compare their
both ways, as they, should b-. th ulti- a., utthe orange rust imite. Ifindmany merits." .
.vators can run close to the plants, ith ., articles in your paper that are rof. L. Par, tie eminent pro-
o u t i n u r y.o. ..t e o u b e l l" k : a t c s n y p p a a P r o f D ,L P ia r 'i s t h e e m i n e n t p r o -
out injury, or if-"the double ,lio-l -orth pie-erving. If I keep tbis thing fe&sr-r of biology in the Agriicultuhal Col-
used it can be adjusted to do the ,'iiue. up I will soon have oneof thebest books lege of Mississippi. says in the Southern
Keep this running until the.corn cor c-.t- in Florida on fruit raising, farming. etc. Live. Stock tfoirtnal: "-His [the editor's]
ton is large enough to) shade the groiuil At.v \blank book will answer the purpose, valuable paper alei--adv appearing in the
well, aund you will then have the upl -r I thought to mention this to your first numbers are fulfilling our expecta-
band ot the weeds, and but little use .-r .adt irs. Likely the plan will commend tion and prediction. They may be fully
the hoe, and let it remain where 'UntIle itself to others. A book made in thL relied upon for conscientiousI correc-
Ned" hutg it whence died. way will prove of immense value to any ness of statement and scientific acour-
i Thescufflehoe is a hiantdy.ipleour-.rLe ho desires to succeed in Florida. acy of detail." -
in many caset_ and cuts, without co:. --. FARMER"JOHN. w
ing, the weeds. In the onion or sir.-,v M OHon.u J.- Win. Ewan, writing. from
be-rry-bed. or any place 'where the,.ui-c- Miami, Dade county, says :"-Certainly
vator cannot be ued. it is one o' t- HOW OUR PAPER IS REGARDED. you are do), g a good work in establish-
be t things out. VhXcoe espeienr. i --ng an enlightened ant scientific system
Iies ,h,,ihl'be,rakediin a rpile. 'li ,ot agriculture, which heretr-fore has
w pee s tii rA Few of Many Expressionso been seriously neglected. Your paper is
will prev'euttheir tu.nr. : i,.ri
will also gratlcomposApproval. inviting in appearance. pure in seuti-
a thing that should ; u ays -.be g r_.a .. of. .euk., m ent. and progress e in principle. and
o fa-r. No a r whjt el- L .rohnA. Germoot f euka, surely must succeed."
Oil t e a.'m . =:i ^ ..
at wr decoposia .... a- is a-' -'" =:"- under date of July 5. as follows: Ap,/cn- t--,.ia.tNi,._nt.mr-
at worcom you put R ti Rpeerof any agricultural tes u i, ud re the FArRER.r 0th
end fitting it io enrich Nour land. ay--, e l '' must a that I admire the F I
If you have any of those primitive rail par published in the South.' FROIT-(.GRWER very mu,.h indeed, and
ft1 -is with a crook at every en., d
weeds that have so long reveled Lthere, but imagine the solid comfort I get from ablve manner in which it iU now being
In many places they are as high as the the thonsesible advice given in the FARMER done."
feNLce, and one cannot go by without b. A;.:. FaRCt-r-GROW-ER. in all matter, per- Mrs. A. H. H., of Winnemisset, Fla.,
ing covered with the ieed and pollen that raining to the farm, from your able writes as follows: "We ate new comers
the wind scatters everywhIere Put t'rto ::.i-,s of contributors and the logical and have much to learn, and your paper
posts in the ground far enough apart lr views o-f tli editor. The paper isa God- is just what we have wished for ever
the end of your rails to go thruiogh. send to the granger who is threading since we art ived here. 'Our Cosy Cor-
Then nail some stout strilps across t.ili- the iabyrinthan ways of Florida farming nher' contains just what every womaniri
,post-, for the ends of the rails to r-st on, and fruit growing." Florida ought to read, words of -encourz
and you will hav, a straight fence and Mr. P. C. Minnich, of Waldo, writes: agement and comfort to the homesick,
save many rails by so doing. Not only '-The new paper is just %what all engag-d weary, struggling sisterhood. (iod
will this be a saving of rails, bit f in tilli the soil should have. We Like blessH. H.' May she live to write
ground also, as well as of work, for wn h the st i, in which it is managed. Facts many words of cheer. Her recipes, too,
a straight fence the plow can run near andInt boom talk ii what is needed for are so well suited to Florida. As our
to it and will save a vast amount ot hoe- the atvancemnient of Floridla." resources in the country are limited,
ing and digging to get tlep weeds out. they fill a large want.
If it pays todo a thing at all, it pays ? Mr.C harles F. Oliver, ot New York t.
to do it well, and we have but little -. Ct':. w;I-tes: "'I hare seen but two Mr. F. C. Cochrane, a bookseller and
pathy for the man that does not like e-'. ies 01 your paper, but am much stationer of Palatka, writes, under date
new notions. but plods along i the tk-n with it, a; I believe it is honest. of June 1: "-Your FLOREDA FARMER AND
olnew notions." but plods alo d nrt because "p- o Uhave no idea what trouble we have FRUIT GROWER is a perfect success. It
otureldid noths f mudake paved streetaus ." He to nd utanything about Floridatbat is far ahead cf any thing of the kind in
turedid not make paved street.'ow He a .the State, and every one interested in
has no screens in his windows lecau c-- c believed." hortku
t < ":- P-evl iwer, of Monmouth, hriutro ,r~luehudntb
he don't want to breathe "strained .r Mr. Percival Brewer, of Monmou th, out it."
He will not buy the scuffle hoe because Illi.. writes, under date ofr April 9th: I it.
"hs father grew onions and the old ,oe thik your paper the best agricultural apt. R. E.Rose, president of the St.
aid him." paplerpublished in the South.i" Cloud Agricultural and Improvement
aid him." piper Andi.e BIC oi._ _f ro isme ne
So Ned's curly head mu-t be bent over Hc-n. J. C. Pelot, of tManatee, writes as G writes from Kissimmeel, under
the bed early and late, an'd-what the old follows: "I look upou your paper as dAteIof: continues fto l o :, d o lt s Ih
hoe will not do his fingers must. one of the mo.t valuable additions to re coin t e andd
Never mind Ned, there is something our agricultural interest?. It is ably ;prictedd i6bona g of the South
more to be learned there than pullig. edited, practical, directs attention to cuur ouna o te out.
weeds. Thediscipiineacquird rover that ma't.r.- of primary importance in the Mr. W. N. Justice, commission met-
bed maystitaighteu maby a cooked path de-elepment of our various industries, chant of Philadelphia, writes: -Having
for vou' in after life, and' teacnh you row and cairuies xith ita spirit of energy and received the first issue of your a;licul-
to pluck the weeis of etror as you go entei prise that must address itself to ev- tural paper, and being delighted with its
aion-. You will fiud them e-_rywhe-eh erV s.archer after information." tone, we wish you to insert our card for
and unless uprooted, like the wa.-cide .. six months."
weed. they will flourish and scatter tlieu r. ,J... Lantby, of Penstacola.ex-. One of the prominent citizens of At-
seed aound. pr,-,:es limself as ti,uows:"-The FAIRER lanta, Ga.. writing to the publiihei of
Sol lIt uS wage a war with the we-ds AND FRU-T-GRO\ER is the best thing in the F. F. & F.G..says: -Your st yen-
;.e ..- ,"..-i, ~v hr 1e It is just the paper teF .&F.. as Yu atyn
whenever we find them, and 't,, ,way I have e.-"e. I "s te ture, the FLORIDA FARMER AND FRvir-
soil for th cultivation of those thaing_- ie---:. a'i yc.u keep it up to the pe- GROWER, is a remarkable one for the
that will benefit ui. This was the de-in rt tnd.rdi excellence m st beauty of its mechanical execution and
of the Creator. He allowedt tboinsarl lipular with t le people. I can't seeim the crisp, fresh and appropriate charac-
thistles togrow. ,ut di not expet tem "he you have left any room for im- o its edi trial and selected matter.
.sottitsrodtorial and selected matter.
to be cultivated. This being an oi:,i.u t:rovement." Professor Curtiss evidently knows how
fact, no) argument is needed to prove it. Mr. Thomas Meehan, the distingisbed to work, and -knowledge is power' only
Rememb-er, always, that it is tucL hoitticulturist and proprietor of the Ger- when there is indomitable energy behind
easier to eradicate a small weF.d tbhan oune maritowu nuiserieqs, in a letter dated it.. Buitt I need not preach to C. H. Jones
that has got a good foothold in the soil. March 5th, writes: "I am very much on this topic, as his pusbing of the
The ox-eyed daisy was once a fiawer pleased with the FARMER AND FRUIT- Times-Union to success over or through
only, growing in a se,:uestered spot, Lut Gri:wER, and shall read it regularly, mountains of opposition and difficulties
it was allowed to floutisli there, aud sOu which you know.is a high compliment insurmountable to a man of less daring
its seeds were borne by the wind to new for an editor to pay to an exchange." and persistent qualities, clearly proves."
places until it became, and is to-day, ., L. H Armstrong, of St. Nicholas, Mr. G. M. Whetston, of Mikesville.
"most inveterate wreed." and opn that t luoal county, -rvites under date of Columbia county, writes under date of
is utterly imp-"ossible to get rid ot. A [.iril ;11th : "*THE FLORIDA FARMER aND June 17: "I enclose *2 for the-Fai_.En
daisy field I We have seen them in the F.;-nT CROWvn has far surpassed expec- A.. .. FsoirGROWER. I will Fry and get
North, and think they are "preLt.,'" but rations. It sheds light on many obscure some nore subscribers for your pap.r. I
'vhat a rcrthleas field, all run to dttti-',! pages in the b ,ok of Florida's possibili- have seen two or three copies of it, and
It, is not h for pasture the tattle will te i [tnt forage live stock and in the think it is the best paper of the kind I
not eat ii" it "e turn it under, it adds development o( her vastatore of hidden have ever seen, and the only one suited
little to the soil. and wAI come up again resources." to our county."
at surely swee euuds*es. We. wattn"o d Mr. Irving Keck, of the Bowling Green .Jh'. F. S. Sprague. of Federal roint,
the wees We want no aiis tuI"sLand and Improvement Company, expresses his opinion as follows:-"I have
he'e M .N*. writes-'under dare of. May 3d: "We taken agricultural and horticultural pa-
iiA think THE FaRMER ANT FR~tT-GROWER pers for years, and unhtsttatiqgly pro-"
Th re as wh onin c-an Ieplanted tbe best to be had for farmers in Flor- nounce the FLORA FF.aMER AND FEUIT-
st..e ea-n e, utire th a land to be very ida. We always ger~ewideas from it." GROWER. fatrsuperior to them all. .YTod
r-h, is that their riots o "cupy ies space -Mr.. 7 W Arsden of Ormond-on-the- need ofentertaia fears for itisuccess,
in the soil than any othel vegetables," Halifax, wiites-as flowss: .am t --'- its way. Pleaens.n
They mlt obtain their food in a lim- ing ten papers on-agmacuntural. subject e aPtlsede d i
I ited area, and hence the soil must be andif -asked to surrender theFRMER. Mchgan, wh. o wll p a P.'.ably
rich". % AND FRUIT .GROWER, I would .tell =them su .i- b ." -.
-F :_ "' -
One Tern .. ... .. ... ...... $2 00 f.
Six M onths--.... ................-.................... ; 1 00
Tanre M onths -..... .. ...... -........................ .... J -
SPECL31EN COMSPIMSF~E.* :
sprctmssl corurs as... ..,
Address subseription r and.l oiher business corn-
miunicationi to --
G. H. JONES & BRO.,
tiBL.S ERS. .-. --- ..
Communieanong for the editorlal-departqaet
should be addrexeed to .. -
A. H. CURTISS, Editor.. .
-- --- .--- Jacksonville ;I a. -.
A, '.. "-'
DEVOTED- TO THE
H o 0SE10D EQoJOIMY
A- H.CU RTSS,
This journal will 'have for its leadingeobject
the promotion of rural industries in Florida, and
will advocate especially a more diversified and
intensive system of agriculture and greater
economy of home resources.
A:ir,-i ge ili r ttitE th e a ii c ,riltura.fil]t5 i h.:.Dns "Of
altr,- trr,-:.tiu to Fdl aored ar y a.; yet r ir-
Ii-:, [riiVi-rc--.;l, a special aim of this ioUrnal
Will b It. de-rit.- theb, l',It reliruwhi- u blbare
rbe-r :ii'.i-om liiA"heiJ, i th ii s&ext.- t niil-lt.:d em-
p],:..yrd. nifatl nuluercw- .,n--ng au.hi results; -
cl, t1 -ugI:,- e'-xp nr u. ist-. i-be.new-.r htile
knoL nt Ir:--7 uit, fiiani rci-'rd thie prw o aress
of a._rit',uare iLn ?ivi .-t-hring Stuavbe.
CTvunjieni-r"ig with lthe iier nunih-r %d 'con-
tieuiL, rrir ,iupu ti e ri-aes'on "-".r
r-Tirti-uOTTwci~iao'B *-ciit e--t b er.--
thanli ter ,. t 'lo irtrus gtrop--raiucn have
tnrov'i' in _,t c-ic.,,c5fii t ir kri rate.- Etch va-
i1: 1 i-il le'i c.] tibr...if'l
I-., anLie St.!?
And triti' e il be r.--.et, iron p eratus who have
har1 dexptr.cnc in iUn tvulitVa-[ion. ent1s wl iU be
tolowlm-d bye aunndiir series on e ,
And c-ticr iibte ll-..] iv[3 Ustra -nte-l.-alad t I limited
Muchl ationlt- tfilpi L devoted to t
And to the home. prtduitontorforaf e andfenili-
zAet', two 'n.htii-c which are- eicuttal to suc-
c -essfl farming. _
Qeeorons rclttive r-i ailients f domestic
aninialuiril be cauEinerd y hn a ble veterinary
suirgeon w bo formerly ciied a like del|arrmen:
Turf, Field and Farm.*
A da1C amoiLr of spaee will be devoted to
howi ehuid conDouTy and t lo reports of tere mar-
kcts, and the ileparteints.of
will bhe nn oriLuted ri- by pera-a- ih. have mable
el-Cinliiie-5' i ri:4 th braninaes.
Ail t:.rti.or f the Scare wJi receive a due
amount of attention, -and their iuterests will be
repr-6sented ty tnie correspondents.
tinder nw cirutintianceis will thibsourual be-
come ihe organ" of any associanonor locality.-
tr wflt tari out intramrumelled and will. repre-
enttU U sections aud intera65 with abIsolite m.M-
Published at Jacksonville on Wednesday
of each week.
PRICE OF SUBSCRIPTION: ,
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. JULY 20-
I .-Influences which Tend to
BY H. E. LAOERGREN.
If thehardpan everywhere were touch-
ing the top soil, no holding of water
would take place if access were provided
for surface water. -Spots between the
basins are good, but, above them the
laud is poor and sometimes barren. For
the soil in these hollows, up to the sur-
face soil, is but white sand, or "quick-
sand."' Af'er rains this stratum is soak-
ing wet, for a long time,-and with stag-
nated water, too. It rots those roots
which have reached it. In dry spells,
what room's have gone down into it again
perish for want of moisture; for if, in-
deed, any capillary attraction could ex-
ist in that pure sand, there is uo source
for water, for the hardpan can hold no
more than just enough to fill its minute
interstices. The above described cir-
cumstances explain the puzzling phe-
nomenon of good and bad places,in ev-
ery acre of pine land. .
We now come to the last questi6n-
how to ameliorate those evils, how to
level the hardpan stratum in order to de-
stroy the basins, or how to tap the
basin, how to soften it so that roots may
penetrate it, and to give it larger pores
for water storage, and how to improve
Before I answer these queries, let me
present a few facts directly bearing upon
the subject, which have come under my
1. Wells dug where the hardpain was
so low 'as to be always below the water
line, furnished for the first two or three
years water that was unfit for .use.
Though having no bad taste, it was dark,
but got clearer all the time, and finally
became as good as any.
2. In ditches sunk through bardpan.
their wails and bottom, although at
first very. bard, became after some time
so soft as to vield to the spade like sur-
face :-il. and, allowed crawfish to in-
3. In digging for various purposes in
land cultivated five to ten years, al-
though without a doubt originally con-
taining both haidpan and quicksand,
none such was found. All. the subsoil
was of a yellow color, inclined- to gray
4. Iu orange groves, w here the trees
were Eet upon mounds and the furrows
thrown towards'them all the time, and
the plow got deeper into the subsoil by a
couple of inches midway bEtmeen thelie
rows at every successive plowing. In
the beginning, every time the plow
struck bardpan it was difficult to hiold it
in the ground. But this part was ren-
dered less hard each succeeding time. al-
though it ought to have been the reverse,
as bardpan gets more stubborn the fur--
ther it is below the surface.
5. Hardpan thrown out front ditches
soon gets as mellow as any soil.
In the first of these examples is
conclusively shown how drainage alone
is sufficient to mellow hardpan. As
soon as part of the clogging and cement-
ing humus is washed ou. it gets mellow
enough. If the stumps-at least the
largest ones-be extracted with the
stump-puller, and the holts left open ft r
half a year or so,- the hardpan will be
considerably improved. The lifting of
the "Mump is so gradual that the shorter
roots, starling from the tap root, are
often pulled out entire. if not, tiey are,
near the stump, dawn upwards several
inches before they break. A stump bole
perhaps ten feet, deep % ill create quite a
hydrostatic pressure, or "head," for the
water in the ground, and the water,
aside from carrying a'oug.the fine parti-
cles in tihe hardpan. will cause the walls
of the hole to cave, and thus to re
lieve the pressure on the hardpan for
some distance around.
All the other examples show that
drainage and relief from pressure softens
hardpan. In the second, the draining
of walls and bottom, the forcing or
crowding nearer together of the walls
and the rising of the bottom, ease the
pressure and allow the clogging sub-
stances to pass away. In the third,
fourth and filth, relief from pressure
shows beneficial results. The top soil
does not get lighter from stirring; but
while it, when unbroken, presses every-
where, plowing makes the points of
bearing fewer, increases the weight ua
some points and makes it none atothers.
When we walk on thin ice upon a shal-
low pool, the ice will sink under our feet
and break and rise up all around them.
Likewise will hardpan sink at the points
of bearing and rise where there is no
The above shows that drainage and
cultivation will helphardpan. But how
about the quicksand?
After the land is well broke with
plow and harrow and the roots below
-the reach of the plow have their [old
somewhat loosened, rig up a str--ng plow
beam. with only a stout, straight., hai p
cutter. Hit--It two yokes i-f t",.en to it,
have at the helm a stout man. and along-
side the team a limber one with a whip.
and let him keep the oxen at'a fast, walk.
Let ihe cutter go in to the beam tahen-
ever possible. It will pull out some
roots and break others. anid pry utpion
the remaining ones so that tibes cf earth
are formed around them. It will cut
channels through bottt hardpan and
quicksand, so that water percolating
laterally from the former and vertically
from the top soil, will carry with it and
deposit in the quicksan-d, humus. The
cutter acts like a subsoil plow; it stirs
the subs.oil without bringing it to ile
suffice. Let the furrows be about
eighteen inches asundei'. For subsequent
subsoi wings, a Dixie plow, from which
the mold-board has been removed, hav-
ing only the point, will do.
Mr. Coleman's system, described in
the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER of
June 5th, may also be used with ad-
vantage. The "'muck piles" need not be
BUDS OF THE MAGGIE PEACH
Furnishedar $1 per hundred, S8 per thousand,
five hundred at one tbousaud rates
P. C. MNrNICK,
C tONSIGNEENTS 05' EGGS.
CE ICKENS, FRUIT, AND
(ONSIGNMENTS O EGGS. -
c CHICKENs, FRUIT,'AN'D
J. H. SUTHERLAND,
deeper than to the hardpan, but should It is not advisable to attempt to ex- RAMIE OR CHINESE GRASS.
be only five to six feet apart. tract stumps when they are green. They
Quicksandy spots should, of course, are allowed to rot a year or two. then ..-
be more heavily mucked or manured; they can be pulled more easily and more Indications Of increasing in-.
than others. Once, while having charge' effectively. The laterals are ready to terest in its Production.
of a grove, part of which being on shrub let go the smaller roots and rootlets and Hon. E. John Elli i expected o reach
land, I was hauling coarse muck over a come out enti e. The tap root of the iRe city to-day. One object of his return
part of said land, when my cart broke. long-leaf pine in Florida sa long, taper- to Louisiana is to direct and supervise
down and I bad to dump the load on the ing cone, which yields readily to tbte c.ltureof a large tract r land whiu _
spot. It being rainy almost every day puller when once the laterals are purchased in Taugipacoa fr. t,
for some time after the accident, I no- broken. production of ramie, the want of r titc
ced that the heap got smaller and A mere theorist would object to the 1 fpr f rete. the dcmowan tr. cf .-'
smaller. I concluded to let it remain stump puller, that it would leave uch .taple has preven ted the demnsr pat-..
undisturbed in order to see what would deep an,l wide pits in the ground as to an imdd the efcien operation f th e fn pantr-
becomeofit. After .the end of about render it very uueven. In practice it national Fbre oman ot New York,
eighte. n months all but the coaiar found that the tree had wedged the sou national F ,; bre Company of New York,
muck bad sunk into the ground. This together and raised a little mound Leonard Sewall is the representative n
was to me conclusive evidence of both around it, and that hen the oil is the .South
how hardpan was formed and how thrown back into the pit and plowed and X ..e en.iue. l..ilers and other ma-
quicksand can be improved. The land harrowed ,ver. the -urface is i-etor A sIchnerV hae already arrived ohere in.
in question was coarse sand, but only level as it \%as I.efore the t.ee gie w cige of Mr. Fawcett, an engineer of
fine sand can be made porous enough by there. t. eiroh oMrpte, anw a euier of
subsoiling. As to the point that the extraction of l repute. an-d a memberof the com-
Ifclay near the surface'is usefulas the tap ro.t entire leaves a bore which prl(peratiou of the machinery to produce
simply a preserver of fertility, why serves a good purpose as a drain where this fihre and illustrate it ca-
should not hardpan be the same? Its there is a hardpan, I am not able to say, vpai.bl There will be a trial of this
humus, besides, must, without doubt, as the pullers in this section have not deoicator before gentlemen interested
contain a good deal of plant food. We been used where there was any hard- in ramie culture, which, if satisfactory
say "no foot, no bark." We may also pan. i mof which we have o doubti, will cause
say no subsoil, n o soil. But one may go It is found to cost from twenty-ive to immediate organizaoution c a branch
to extremes, even in the improvement of to forty cents a stump to bava them ex p niyd unaeir tale presidency of a an
hardpan. A few pounds. of dynamite traced with the puller. Colored m-nu emiena,- wealthycapitalist and ag-
would, perhaps, do as much for hardpan can be hired to chop and burn out the riceriturist, in connection with Gen.
in a day as draining in a year. But too large ones for twenty-five cents each; Sewell.
many and large fissures in the ground smaller ones for less money. Hence, the There is already at hand five acres of
would cause a speedy exit of all humus, poor man will generally resort to the luuriant growth of the ramie plant to
and convert the hardpan into barren latter method, but the puller is best in a luxuriant growth of the ramie pwith mato
quicksand. the long run. Unless the diggers are supply te Schron.r machiNew Orleans Item.a-
Ditch your land and girdle the timber very carefully watched, they will burn teri to operae onthe nation of Coltem J.
long before you break it up. This, to- the crowns out so shallow, and leave so The amie on the p plantation of Col. J.
gether with a good coat of fine lime a many laterals in the ground, that it is inthop. ear Tallahassee, is grow-
year before breaking, will not only an exasperating piece of work to plow g uurint this season. Nearly
greatly facilitate this process, but im- after them. Of course, here -isa cer- .to m0 s ago it had attained a height
prove both top and subsoil in advance, tamin amount of digging and chopping tooffiveeet or moe, d we preue
Never plow land when wet. Every man be done even where the puller has been that it has since then made growth for a
should have a plot of his land, showing used. But the point is, the tap root is secondcutting. It would seem that per-
,its topography and also its geological wholly gone., The laterals- that may be fected decorticating mabinery is allcutu
peculiarities. By means of data gath- left have no attachment, and they have SC t'that is eeded to e i- ramie culture
ered from observations in wells, ditches, only to be ripped up and fol lowed out to asoneof the m-t itnimprtaft tSouthern
stump holes, post holes or small excava- their outer ends, when the work is done. industries.-Floridian,
tions for the purpose, down on the plat, and done forever. -Rewards .aggregating $50,000 have
he gets a good idea c-f how "the land LAWTEY, Bradford Co. been offered for the past few years by
lies." and can begin to experiment. various foreign governments, partic.'u-
If any or all of my ideas on tie-:ub- larly the En-lish, French and Chinese.
ject are wrong. I trust that I at least Patent Stump Pullers. to the mau who could, invent a machine
havethrown some light upon these object, Edit,,r Itl.rida F.rmer al Fri,.-Gmuer: that w,:uld .lpin ramie into yains. Ra-
so that bother farmers can follow it up DtAR SrR: Stump pullers of several mie is often called Chinese gtrss. It
with More suPCes. atterns have een tried here, some grows about four feet high. It i a per-
STARKE, July 1, 1887. worked by lever power. some by by- ennial plant, an the lowit out numerous
--- "-- draulic ja.k, others by crew and ever stems as thick as the little finger.
STUMP PULLING or sweep. The latter made, I think, in Th fire of the inner brk the use-
Olean. N.i Y'w-rethe Only ~ ful porLion. and can be ivmove-l when
-Olean. N. were the only successful the 1tes are 'Jried. By rubbing the
As Compared with Choppingn-i could raise a stup of any size the stems are 'dried.
Last winter a man I met. drummnedlfor6stems in the hand the hbark peels ff
and Burning'. a sert-w stump puller, which the horsesan leaves this fibrous matter, which is
BY 3. POWERS. worked, not with a sweep. as the rest. ery strong in appearance grea he Chi-
The eim hardwood.a applied to for-. but b y puling a wire rope straight sembIhig silk. Fr many yeas theChi-
The tem hardwood, as applied to for- but. e guraee that two hose nese have been spinning this fibre and
ests other than pine. is delusive iu one i e uh eht h f weaving it by band. It makes durable
respect, certainly. No other tree with coul- raise a muth w-egt w-ith e no fabric, uot uJnlike silk and linen it ex-
which I am familiar, unless it may be them as with any others. If this bet is ued
the black walnut, leaves a stump so en- true, they are far superior to any oter' to mix with and add star.ility to silk.
during and roots so persistent as the because they Can work whe re other A Frenchman las recently invented a
long-leaf pine. There are tew things withthe swep cannot viz: in groves machine t take the place of ha ned work.
about a Florida inland city so annoying age trees and in reek channels. I do large factotay is now leing built on the
to the Northern visitor as the iron-hard, not know anything about Bennett's Hudsonrg river, which will be used or
pitch-pine roots in the stre,-ts lurking stump puller. L-c RFN this urnose. .After the yarns are. made
in the soft', delusive cus-ion-ofsi &1 'I,--- "-:- --=-H -E. LI BaOREN. c py-loirmam d-mai-
only to give the carriage an abominable SaRKE, f tacLured into all kinds of fabrics. Ra-
jolt every few rods as soon as the horse mie, in its raw state, is much stronger
ventures to let out a section or two of Final Work with Tobacco. than Russian hemp, and it is impossible
his legs and gets beyond a walk. Anan- to breaL-it by using any ordinary forcc.
client and ambitious burg that I know The following article is taken from When manufactured in can be used in
of, which aspires to be the State capital, the Lake City Reporter: almost any material.
would certainly improve its chances to When tobacco was raised years ago in Ramie was first introduced into this
some extent in that direction if the city this State the leaves were taken from country in 1967, in the Botanical Gar-
council would put a stump puller at the stalk. Leaves taken from the stalk dens at Washington. It is easier to
work in the streets fora few davs. have very little nicotine. They were raise than cotton, and three crops can.
Roois in the ground move the plow- suitable for wrappers but not for fillers he obtained each year. It can be raised,
man to wrath. They break the plow and binders. But all this is changed. from seed. India, Egypt and China are
point, the trace chains, the hamstring, It is proven that Florida can produce as best suited for raising ramie. It sells in'
the singletlee. They breed and harbor fine tobacco as can be grown anywl ere. the raw state at about seven cents a
wood lice, which will, when the supply and it is especially adapted for use as pound or a little cheaper than cotton,
of ro'ten wood is exhausted or becomes fillers and bindeis ais well as wrappers. but more money can be made out of
inadequate to their increasing numbers, When the stalk is cut, down and cured ramie, because it requires less attention
migrate to the live bark of the neigh- entire the nicotine is retained, and this and realizes in larger quantities.-
boring orange tree. I make it a point, is our method of proceeding, besides it Graphic.
whenever plowing in my grove-and bears fermentation better. Therefore
only regret that I cannot always induce it will not do to pull off the leaves. un-
my men to do the same-to stick a stake less it be the first three nearest the Sorghum for Fodder.
in the ground wbereverthe plow strikes ground. They shLould be strung with A Texas farmer relates his experience
a root, as a guide to the axmen follow- their backs, together. with sorgbum. in the Lampasas Newsas
ing after to remove them. Let the tobacco stand until the seed follows:
It is precisely this point, namely, that pod appears. WVen you see it crush it In answer to many inquiries made of
in rigaid to the thorough removal of between your forefinger and thumb, me by both stockmen and farmers in
the roots, which gives value to thestump not letting your finger nails touch it. Lampasasand adjoining counties, want-
puller in Floiida-greater value, per- The suckers will come rapidly after top- ing to know my experience in regard to
haps than in any other State. For, ping. Keep them well pulled off. sorghum, I take it for granted that all
whAle other Southern States have the After a while the leaves will become who aie inquiring about the matter are
long-leaf pine to contend with, none cof darker and thicker; the yellow spot readers of the News, and if they are not
them produce a crop so vulnerable as the will appear : in a few days the spots will they should be.
orange to the wood lice, and none of become thicker. -Reddish spots will ap- I sow sorghum from the 1st of April
them require co deep dead furrows as pear over the leaf and around the to the 15th of August, and from -one-half
does the Floiida flat woods soil. edge-. Then it is ready to be cut. C1ut to one bushel per acre. The later in the
The chief objection to the use of the and split the ripe stalks and take them season the less seed should be sown. If
stump puller is its expensivenecss. Not immediately from the field to the barn. sown any time before the 1st of June,
so much the original outlay as the cost This is very important, for if you have with an ordinary season, it will make two
of operating it. It requires two men, a the flue Cuban variety in the sun a short crops of good feed. Sorghum may be
horse and two yoke of oxen, or a very time it will spoil. plowed the same as wheat or oats. I
heavy span of houses; the men and the The tobacco must. be hung so that the cut sorghum with a mower and rake it
horseato work the machine, and theoxen stalks will not touch each other and so with a sulky rake. It should lay on the
to diag the stumps away into heaps, to the air can circulate through the tobacco. ground until the fodder is cured before
be burned; also to move the machine to It is best to have a number of. joist, ft is raked and put into small stacks in
each new stump, about thrte feet apart, stretched across the field.
Tu o different stump pullers have been the dryiug room. A tier can be made It is necessary to use a hay knife to
tried in u this colony, the Bennett and the every four feet, so that three or four feed from the racks or mangers except
Chamberlain. The Bennett is worked stories can be made in one room. in wet weather. I feed all kindsof stock
by a lever, and it was found that it Take the tobacco, hang the stalks on sorghum and am well pleased with the
would extract a stump eight or ten sticks on pieces of plank about three results. This crop isone we may depend
iuches in diameter. but would not bear feet long, and put those sticks over the upon. for I have never seen a failure yet.
power enough to lift a larger one. as it joist, like railroadd cross-ties. They I sowed seven acres last July, which
would break under the strain, aud it was should be far enough apart to keep tb.? came up the last oif August, that made
abandoned. The Chamberlain extractor stalks from touching. The do,,ors should good crop. I likeJohnson grass, too, but
has gien satisfaction, and at one time be closed all the time. Do not build have not had much experience.
three were in operation in the settle- any fire under the tobacco, asit would
ment. It ( consists of a three legged der- ruin it. V in es
licL. with a powerful central screw, Let it hang until thoroughly dried, la ra'e
Two of the legs rest each on a stout color. W\hen the leaves snap short off,. r a V n
wooden wheel, and the third on a lbev- it is cured and leady tor casing. imatc
eled slide or runner, so that it can be In casing tobacco, that is putting it St-d n.o the Sod and eimiate cf
quickly moved entire from stump to away in a box in salable condition, it F1 id
stump. The main lifting chtin n is passed must not be dry. nor should it be too Florida,
under a large lateral toot close to the dump. If it is too dry it will not de-
stump, and the stump itself is bound to velop the aroma; if it is too damp it Grown and for Sale at
the main chain with a smaller one. If moulds. When you find it dried ; leate n KIT I A AU TT
the stump will admit of it, the main the doors open fora night, the leaf will ,. L A D A lU A
chain is passed centrally under it, or thbn become moist and pliant. d- ER"
under two or more laterals, and ib this Then take down the tobacco and NURSEBTE$,
case the smaller or guy-chain is not lay the stalks like cord-wood on the Near TALLAEASSEE, Fla.
needed. As the stump slowly rises from floor. Leave a space between the rows. T
the ground, one of the men clears it of Let the tobacco remain, at-least three E.DUBOIS, Manager.
the adhering ealth and places a lever-or weeks. Then strip the leaves from the .. ..
chunk underneath to prevent it from stalk and bind seven to ten.leavis in a nd for Catalogue and order early. Sdalo
dropping back into its own bed when bundle.eof.stems together, wrappingwith tf orprice Larst or
cast off. A smart blow on a ratchet lets anotherleaf; lay them in rows in a box.
it fall, it cants over to one side, the oxen Pack- in tightly,. nail on. the cover, and Florida W ines.
are attached to it and drag it away. it it s ready for sale.-- "
\ 1 =- -
NEM YORK & FLORIDA STEAMASHIP LINE.
.'.. TRI-WEEKLY SERVICE BETWEEN
NEW YORK,.FPERN4NDINA AND JACKSONVILLE"
Steamers areapp.oated i sait fr.:-.u Pier -2', E. R., N. Y., every Tuesday. Thursday
and Saturday, at 3 p. m.. -
FROn M Ji.aCE.'ON iE- CHEROE.F nwi, an-I SEMIVOLE nere, ever FRIDAY.
FROM FERNANDINAh-ADELA. WT4RE and i-EJI-iSA&EE ever MONDAY, pi. min.. CITY
OF A.4TL.ANTA X-4an]d C. OF-CI'.OLUMBIA. every WEDNESDAY p. m.
The Freight and Passrgi-r Ae'::.mnu.:dar..,ns Lb7 thi Line i re unsirpa-1ed Ctv tin achps in
the ,iaet.wJse. ten ? F-'.o.r rt n or n afO nrion, -a ply t,,
CTLAENCE ,WGN ER At., r J. A. LELIE. Att.,
-^;': -:- :-5'-iFe ajndhLa, Fl aLJ. ,.:.nvdi, Fia.. -. w. -r. Bav n-d Ho-grn.
TEE.O. G. EGER-Trafflc'ie Mrnge-r, WM. P CLYDE 1.'0.,
:- 3%,Br>, N.wa-, N. Y. Gc-ir ,t .:?,-tl. t, '.:.- J .vT 7, N. Y
.r size 40x100o To- "" o Lake Kingsley. Clay Co.. ouly $10. a
rf, eet in --' V choice 5-acre tract for an ORANGE
GROVE costs bnil 100.
HiI,-i rW.ighri; Prn- L: a,-Il, '-tihiro.u. C.litlani, a eu." in t a R i
rh,- .U'.'- ,:.2""Lt ft nip t..r imar,:, ,t,.., --r ,e ot P. 0. Oi_, *1,-. o I ilK Hil
Bank Dra't t. JOHN I. rALBO'f, nrd '-t Warr.,rtv ,e:., Trl.L i IDln
perfect, from the ,
T ,r: PIO -A.L L"'A--IAD COVI=:A-NI-Y,
P. 0. Box .t5S,Jacksoiville. Florida. 39 WV. Bay St
BesutLlt ii ::.atiCon, li:;n On Lakk.- Or,.:.i and. :-n rih, S rr Fl.:.rtj-i Rairia.-1.
Laind- ail i it and d Jlv. NEw Eittiennt; b--tw'een tCiEnrty-v.ivt, .ini hiriy nEw h.-unes.
A Chiih, :.ho......; mnail, E tuor~e, i -.:r7. saw adiJ.nd L:t, Large .re., .'Lre.ady'planted
,n oraing, rre.. -. n4 i.ce i,,lial- i-:t, tf.:-r w-oter' hime i.:.r a'i he.ip. Ten, twenty and
.i)r acre.ragneg r:te, i':.r,. A heautiiT,- rtl, .nint ia'a nE ithy St'ie
: CalJ on or Address.
J. W. GROyES, or CLARKSON & ROBERTSON.
-Ori-le, Florida. Jacksonville, Florida
X. N. JUSTICE
Wholesale Commission 1erchant,
NO. 313 NORTH WATER STREET, PHILADELPHIA ."
Ei.- li;cll : IULiTHLERN FROItr, AND VEGETABLES. C,:nasigmi t.ohc;li.. Return
m a d e- ,:,n ,a a y a le .aii .
J. O. C. B O-.o'u'TT,
SFl I A Tr ET, ATE. ".
Orange Groves. Town Lots In Bar-tow. Winter Haven. BaH.kell, Punta Gorda and Charlotte
Harbor. tor Sale. tinimproved La.ds in small and large tracts, at $2-50 per acre, up. Ch'-ice ten .
and ft-rcy acre tracts oif cod, bhgh. rolling Pine Lands. near.S F. R R. depot, at $20 to $5 per
acre. All pr.:.perry g-arantel to be as represented rr n.o..y reftuded s
M N money Loan ts. w e-l s-ecuried, negotiated at i percent, net, t,: the lender. '
RULING AND BINDING. .
-" U1 0 ax (Q i
_^ \ llS. g" .; ,, -
c _-o s
n i t .
o o A
\ -- -Z -_
i, \o' 3 -c
ORIOLE, HERNANDO COUNTY.
JAC EsON IL A.LE
'FLORIDA GROWN PEACH T a E S
Kelsu Jana PInis, OliV Trees, Orages, Figs, Lemons, Pecans,
By the d,-.zen, hundred or thousand, also a fill supply 0L o-thr Nur.ery sto..k adapted to0'.
Florida and the Iu, ltati- s.olAPr. tAtm ow kl ug rdrs i, Faill dil,-ry sea- on
of lr:-6". Write for Pric-Ea. Catal-,-cue ire-i on appilc'ition.
GiLE ST.f MRY NtSERIES, G. L. Tatier, Prop., Glen S. Miary, 1riv
THE LAKELAND NURSERY COMPANY
Ar- in r.lmilles-to Madi FREE, orn appUcatrn,
A COPY OF THEIR SUMMER PRICE LIST
t,. any address. C,:.mmti'icate with E. B. rTI-ON, Manager. Lakel-arl, Polk Co.. Fla
"N ,'Ce.STN STREEr,
FLORIDA FARMER AND- FRUIT GROWER, JULY 20, 1887.
The Florida Farmer auk Fruit Grower
A. H. CERTISS, Editor.
C. H. JONzS & BROTHBB, PUBLISHERS.
Office Cor. Bay and Laura Sts.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT
GROWER is an eight page 48 column :Illustra-
ted weekly newspaper, devoted to the Farm,
Garden Orchard and Household Economy,
and to the promotion of the agricultural and
Industrial interestsof Florida. Itis published
^- Terms of Subscription.
For one year......... S 2.00
For six months 1.00
dClubs of five to'one address ..................... .-7.650
With dally TIMES-UNION one year ...... 11.00
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With WEEKLY TIMES, one year ...... .. 2.75
l-Subscrlptjons In all cases cash in ad-
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expiration of the time paid for. The date on
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Payment to that date; if the date is not
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CORRESPONDENCE solicited on all sub-
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thispaper. Writersmay affx such signatures
to thslr articles as they may choose, but must
furnish the editor with their full name and
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C.- H. JONES & BRO.,
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
FJoTs PAez-Palmetto Fibre; When to Cut
0ft Grass; Cross of Wheat -and Rye; Johnson
Grass in Texas; The Hendricks Wheat (llus-
rated); The New Wheat in Leon County; Grow-
-ing Wheat Under Difficulties; Columbia
County Farmers; The Wakulla County Phos-
phates; How Watermelons Pay, etc.
SEOOND PAee-Man's Insect Friends; Seedlings
vs. Grafted Trees; Navel and Mediterranean
Sweet;-A Chapter on Weeds; An Interesting
SVariety of Corn; Broom Corn; About Rabbits;
TmIRD Paor-tHardpan: Stump Pulling; Patent
Stump Pullers; Fil.' Work with Tobacco;
Ramie or Chinese Grass; Sorghum for Fod-
der. : .
FoaImT PAGS (Edfitorial)-Distribution of Seeds;
For Summer Reading; Acknowledgments; An
Encouraging Outlook; Grapes and Wine;
SWhat are we D.;`h. Calif.:'rnla :u Wheels;
Farmers' l]anrhnc(s '..-mpantes
lsmzPAeG-iEdit?'1 by Helen Harcouirti:.Our
HMime Circle; C,)y 7 Corner: The Famil- Frien1:
Our Young Folk-' Corner
*'ITD- PAo-Bi.har.:us Tr-aimet:; Murr.im:
WoiVOr,.: .r G-riub HurL-c T-ilt.; Da;r., aitd
St.)tk Nor-:, rJf .t're Of I M Ilktlg.; .in -r
Freeang et I.,: Thy N-' P.i:itryLluui1tiiry:
Brown Leguoru Chara.-Icristk"; The. Pu-ldt-r
Yard, etc. .
sm-B-PB-.__jG--_rxi a> ml.iB,6llanr l'tustraedi;
owEIrT PAoE-Florida Ncwi in Brief; On tbf
Southern Coast; WhVbafit Early Sertilere Remoem.
her; Jul;t- Wrrat.r: Vew Y.f'fl1 ,l J,,dl.icn-
v;lte Mnriis ,
DISTRIBUTION OF SEED.
On the bth inst, we made a division of
the forage seed we offered about two
months ago. giving all applicants to that
date an equal share iu the kinds asked
for. On the l1th inst. the packages
wer- mailed to the twenty-six applicants
whose initials and postoffices are given
J. W. L.. Monticello; W. G., Or-
ange City; G. T. G., Gainesboro, S. B..
C.S. B. and A. E. B., Lake Mary; G. VW.
S S., Oak Villa; C. J.. Bowling Green; L.
F.. Palatka; H. H. H.. Seffner; H. W.
R., McMeekin: A. L. F.. Macclenny: H.
B., Oiange Park; A. J.. LandJ. H. McK.,
Lady Lake: J J. B., Sit. Thomas; G. S.
R., Oakdale: J. M., Dide City: D. G. W.,
Pinellas: L. W. H., Anona; C. B. M.,
Rockledge: J. D. T., Keuka; W. L N.,
Starke; M. N. W., Waldo.
FOR SUMMER READING.
We have the pleasure of presenting to)
S our readers, on the eighth page of the
present issue, the first portion of a nar-
rative by our esteemed contributor. Mr.
:. P. W. Reasoner, in which be recounts
his adventures and observations on a re-
S.. cent cruise in which he 'doubled Cape
.: Sable and redoubled his knowledge of
the Palm Hammock and Florida Keys.
S On this voyage he had an introduction
S to the devil fish, and a warm reception
From the coast mo0cq1uit-es. which are
.- popularly held tLo be a remnant of the
plagues of Egypt. Like ouislf. Mir.
Reasoner has shed his blood on many a
field of botanical conquest, and now re-
gards the dulcet hum of the inland.ui mos-
quito as soothing music.
In visiting that pathle's and all but sot. has proven to be a mere idea, and
impenetrable wilderness, the Little the attempt to put it in practice has left
Palm Hammock, Mr. Reasoner's path a void in many pocketbooks. The idea
seems to have diverged from ours, and that any portion of the State can pros-
to have led him to the sequestered retreat per by producing one article and import-
of a palmn quite different from any here- ing all thie necessities for home consump-
totore found in Florida. Not having t ion, is generally admitted to be a false
procured any flowers or seeds of this oue.
palm, its identification cannot be at- For these radically wrong ideas others
tempted till- after he has visited- the must be substituted. Necessity is said to
hammock again, which hewitl do prob- be the mother of invention, and we see
ably at no distant day. Thi-s hammock uow, when people ate constrained to give
is, perhaps, more like a tropical forest .up old id-as, that new ones spring up on
than any other ini the United States, and every hand. It now seems to require no
it is a t,.-mpting spot for a botanist of more than judicious selection and devel-
good physical powers. opment of the many r(csources which na-
Mr. Reasoner has the endurance, am- ture has placed at Florida's disposal, toI
bition and vim which qualify him in an
eminent degree for the work of an ex-
plorer, and he has, besides, a great facil-
ity with the pen; but, really, there is
not much encouragement for book
writers now a days, and there is scarcely
a spot in the whole world that has not
been explored, described and illustrated.
Mr. Reasoner cah serve the world and
himself best by serving Florida. No
State is more in need of original workers,
accurate observers and truthful writers,
and we think Mr. Reasoner has a grand
field of usefulness before him, and that
he is very likely to repay his debt to the
world by giving as much as -he receives,
which ought to be the source of highest
satisfaction to any man., I
It may be inferred .from our manner
of writing that Mr. Reasoner is a young
man. So'-heis, and we know him to be
ever ready to take advice and seek in-
struction from others, though thoroughly
self-reliant. These are Ml-good points,
and we feel confi.dlt-nrit thatSouthl Florida
has no more useful citizen, and.-we hope
that King Frost will be -lenient in the
future, and not blight his.extensive uu-
dertakings in the work 6f acclimation.
Mr. Rt-asoner's diary has the 'great
merit of friesness, which is-lacking in
many a fiuisheddnarrative that has no
better foundation i_..fact -than the
exploration of _&a'-lihbrarv. ;Thbereader
will see the tossing.wavesand tree tops,
hear the murmur- o6..roar of wind and
water, smellt'tliesalt seaair and perceive
where the writer pauses to slap a mc;-
To Mr. Ned E. Farrell, the well known
fruit grower and dealer in real estate at
Waldo, our thanks are due for a mag-
nificent branch of LeConte pear, scarcely
longer than a yard stick, yet containing
thirty-five well developed pears. The
olive branch may have served to pacify
the old Romans andGreeks, but if any
one wishes to secure peace and amity
with the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER,
let him extend the pear branch. This
journal has no regard for leafy twigs or
wordyworks. With the people of Wal-
do we smoked the calumet a year ago,
and no locality ha.s given the FARMER
more hearty siippt it. That is a sure
sign th-t its people are piogiessire, and
not cor.tent to live in the past. In that
respect Waldo is not exceptional, but we
think it ha. got an exceptionally good
start n f''e"rigTiE r",TIr. -Dean, th rougb'
favor of Judge Kennard, sends us two
fine peaches, whose name and lineage
are to us unknown.
Our good friend .rome, of t4ie PiRach
Hill Nurseries, Gleu St. Mary-perhaps
we ought not to tell, but really the joke
is too good to keep-sent a box of his aie
plus ultra peaches to the FARMER AND
FRUIT GROWER. but it came in the way
of a bigger fish.-whbich carried off "hook
and line, bob and siuker." The 7Tmes-
Union duly acknowledged the favor,
thereby relieving us of what would have
been a pleasant duty. DIsoc'rTib-s non
AN ENCOURAGING OUTLOOK.
As regards the production of perisha-
ble products as a means of likelihood, it
must be admitted that past expectations
are not realized in the present. The fu-
ture to which thousands bare looked
forward so eagerly, has arrived, and it is
full of disappointment. But the darkest
hour is said to be just before dawn, and
now, out of the darkness which has
settled on the.orange business, we think
we see the breaking light of a clearer
day than was ever anticipated by those
who have been able to judge of thlie sub-
ject understandingly aud without preju-
dice. Therefore, wesay toorangegrow-
ers, Take courage, bare patience and see
what one more year will bring forth.
We think that Floridians ne-er had
greater cause for faith iu their own State
than at the present moment. Because a
brilliant ideal has not. been realized there
is no cu.use for dicouragement. The
sooner illusions are dispelled the nearer
we are to prosperity. The idea that an
unlimited quantity :*f oranges could be
forced on the Northern market in mid-
winter, has been dispelled by dear-bought
experience. The idea that the fruit
growers could be brought to act in uni
Professor Dubois is a native of France,
and the greater part of his life has been
spent in the manufacture of wine near
Bordeaux, from which place he exported
make this the most prosperous State in
the Union. Younger States have ex-
hausted their inheritance of fertile lands,
but the greater part of Florida is a virgin
wilderness of unknown capacity for pro
- The tillers of the soil have don .lttle
more. thus far than copy from other
couenies. They have attempted to
adapt the products of latitudes 25, 85
and 45 to this State, to bend the iso-
therms to different curves from-what
nature gave them. Experience has
proved that the shortest cut to success
in fruit culture is by' way of the anti-
podes. This point learned, publicthought
naturally takes a wider range, and comes
to realize what vast possibilities are in
reserve. Florida's isotherms, both in
northern and southern latitude, encircle
the world. What vast fields for explor-
ation I What grand possibilities are
awaiting research Surely,,the future.
of this State is-not to be measured-by
present standards. .
It is not the sole essential, however, to
put the right sort of seed in tlie ground.
We must then learn hd-w to get the
greatest product from. ii with I-ast ex-
penditure of labor, and tlIeu how to real-
ize most from that product in dollars and
cents, or by consumption at home. These
problems are engaging the attention of
men of brain in various parts of the
State, and through their faithful labors
we are confident that. Florida will, with-
in a few years be advanced to a very
different position among the States irt-n
what she no occupies. .
GRAPES AND WINE.
We recently received a basket of Pro-
fessor Dubois' grapes, the sight or odor
of which was enough to make a sick man
well. It is a good thing for any industry
to have a strong man for its chmpinn.
The recognized leaders in grape, peach
and Kelsey plum culture in Florida, are
strong men physically' and mentally,-
and hence they have the best qualifica-
tions of leaders. Professor Dubois is do-
ing p great work for Florida, and will
hasten by many a year the fulfillment cf
her natural destiny of being aStateof
vineyards and wine pre-sses.
The receipt of a bottle of excellent or-.
ange wine-with an accompaniment of
grapes-from Mr. Win. Roi:k, of Orange
City, leads usi heie to express c-ur thigh
esteem for winDe made of -ourt- oranae.-
W e-i ncline-ro thirn6 4nht-vablteh-iarauig,
groves of Fl:rcida wete uf the sour variety,
they could be -made acore profitable to
their owners than they can under pi-e:,
ent circumstances. What would our
eminently conservative neighbor, the
Dispati.h, say if we propo-ed that half the
sweet groves be changed to sour' We
would be worse than a radical reformer
or rab'd revolutionist-sce jtdice-we
would be an iconoclast, a nihilist elect
for outer darkness. The editor of the
FARMER AND FRUIr-GROWER is sorry to
have the dignified equanimity of the old
timers disturbed, but if they aregoing to
maintain their position, they must expect
a good deal of elbowing. A ten-acre lot
is not enough for a farmer of the new
school, with his flocks and herds. But
don't be alarmed, gentlemen. We are
not going to spring any traps or mines
on you. The editor of the FARMER ANtD
FRUIT-GROWER never preaches what he
is not willing to practice, and until he
has budded half his own grovefrom sour
trees he will not advise anyone else to
do the same.
But we set out rto say something of
Professor Dubois and lhis achievements,
and as that was the alpha of our story,
so it shall be the omega. It appears
that the Professor is preparing to catry
the war into Africa. One county has
become too small to hold hinm., and he is
about to make Jacksonville au appendage
of'his Leon county vineyards. This we
learn from that fountainhead of infor-
mation on Florida affaira.s, the Tirntas-
Uiitiou. We quote from a recent issue:
Prof. E. Dubois, of Tallahas-.ee, is in
the city, and is at present a guest of the
Acme Hotel.. Professor Dub:ois is the
proprietor of two vineyard.- near Talla-
hassee, aggregating thlitty two acres in
bearing vines, from. wvhicklhe proposes
to manufacture a variety of fine native
wines. His vineyards are now only five
years old, and lat season he made 2,500
gallons, of which he has on hand about
l,50i.i gallone, and expects the present
se-ason to manufacture between ;3,500
and 4,,000 gallons mote.
It is his intention to establish in this
city headquarters for the sale of his
wines, with a branch office in New
York, and for this purpose he is now
here in search of a store, or a part of a
store, on Bay street, in which to open
his chief office.
The Professor says that he intends to
engage extensively in the cultivalion of
grapes and the manufacture of wines,
and for t'.is pulpse preparations are
now being mnude to plaint out (.,f acres or
mote in grapes, which alone he uses in
the manufacture of his wines.
WHAT OTHERS ARE DOING.
And What We Must Do if We
S Would ,Prosper.
We see by ithe papers tha ati' range-
mrnents have been perfected by which the
fine fruits of California reach New York
in ser-ven days, and will be regularly re-
ceined and placed on the market. Trains
of ten cars each will leave California for
New York direct, traveling at express
speed ahead of the fastest passenger
trains, anid reaching there inside of seven
It is expected tLhat the fruit will arrive
in perfectcondition. It will immediately
be sold i hrot-gh the fruit auctioneers.
So thie inhabitants of that city expect to
enjoy the fine apricots. p. aches, plums.
pears and grapes f.o- which California i6
so justly uelebiated.
What is Fl-.'rida doing in thlisdirectiom?
All of -our failures the past winter have
-been tlhe result of carelessness anrd poor
shipping facilities. 'lie traveliun- public
tailedl us b',ecan-e ,ti. pla.-'e- offered ex-
traordinary induce-ments. while we offer-
ed none. Some malicious pe' sons, without
any regard to tiuthl, have filled the
Northern papers with stories of the ina-
bility of thits S ate to produce anything
'except the orange. Shall we keep quiet
and not let the tiu'h be known? When
ne see rhat others ate doing, should it
not stimulate-us to action also? I .
Let the fare from New York to Jack-
sonville I be reduced one-balf, and thie
State transportation companies the
same, and the result would be a great
financial success. It is the worst kind
of policy to put the fare so high that
people will either go ou foot or with
horses, hut this is the case, so far as we
know, all over the State.
As to hotels, people can board at al-
'most any price they choose. It is neces-
sary that we should have first-class
prices. II the-re is any fault to find in
this line it is because bouses of the third
or fourth claf.s put their prices far ahead
I f.their acecr:umcdations. To illustrate,
- .'Ppe-Cl-oragnight in the little twn
of N., was shown to the hotel, a two-
I story building, with .only the v,-at-her-
I boards to protect it from -uu and main.
We were shown toa mc.Jium-sized room
with a b-litead in ote corunr without
spi ings, ,'nd with a cornstalk mattress-
at least it felt like that-on it There was
a home-made pine table, a banrIel covered
with cloth, two chains and a large store
box with the wash bowl and pitcher on
it. Tle price for these accommodations
was two dollars per day. or fifty cents a
meal. The table consisted of what could
be got where fresh meat was a rarity,
and the cooking was very ordinary and
the cook being one of those who carry
the inevitable "stick" in their mouths,
did not serve to make the food very in-
These ate the houses that hurt the
State, if any. Twenty-five cents a mi-al
or a dollar a day is a great plenty for
such houses. Good meals can be got in
Jacksonville for that price, and every-
thing clean enough kr ithe most fastid-
ious; and we know where good board
can be had at five dollars a week, with
go .d, comfortable rooms, spring beds.
But the trouble is, our people do not
take the steps necessary to attract the
surplus of travel here, which they could
do if they but took the right means.
Show the capitalists where they can in-
crea-e tlieir money in paying minufac-
tures here, instead of putting it in wild
lands, which is a harm instead of a ben-
efit to the State. We can never hope to
be prominently successful until we man-
ufacture the ploduc.'ts that are laying at
our feet, and which we send off to other
States, so that they reap the reward that
belongs to us.
Hocw long will you wait? how long
dally? Have we none who will come to
the rescue, and makethisa manufactur-
ing as well as a producing State? We
do not wish to use any useless words
bout this m.Latter--we cannot afford it:
but do not sleep away thle long summer
days. for if you do. winter will be here,
and you with the rest of the drones may
be driven out of the hive.
California on Wheels.
The Fresno Expositor gives the follow-
ing plan of operation for advertising
Nort hern and Central California:
Arrangements are being made in a
number of the counties of Northern and
Central Califoinia for advertising these
sections in the East. Thle plans proposed
by the projectors of the scheme is to run
a car fiorn each county iu the district
propo-ed to be advertised. loadel with
the productions of that county, into the
Western, Middle aud Eastern States.-
Each o0 those cars is to be filled with
the flora of the section from which it
hails, and the products .manufactured
therefiom, manned by some one thor--
oughly c,:nversafnt with its resources.
Thus equipped, the train consisting of
cats from the various counties will be
carried into all the prominent places of
the East,.where the exhibits will be
made. The expenses will' be defrayed
by private subscriptions, and all those
generously or- enterpris.ingly- cbnstituted
tacture does not convict win aMr. war-
ner. These gentlemen are now in
search of a suit a hie lcation on Bay street
to opera their office.
annually large quantities of wines to will be given an opportunity to con-
America and other nations. tribute. The first train will 'leave hlie
Mr. D. P. Warner, who for the past coast about the first. of -August. It is
three years has been extensively engaged intended to repair the waste through de-
in the manufacture of orange, blackberry, cay ard the wear and teart- of travel and
strawberry and scuppernong wines, at exhibition by-.new .contributions by ex-
Arredondo and Fairbanks, is now having press. The scheme is a good one, and if
his presses and entire plant removed to properly carried out, will result in great
this city, where he intends to enter more good. Dr. H. L-atnham. of Sacramento,
extensively than ever into the manufac- ana Ed. H. Flemingp. of Fresno. are the
ture of those wines, and will open his projectors of the scheme
office here in connection with Professor -
Dubois. The wines manufactured by AME ? T T r.
bolh gentlemen are sepliarate and distinct, -FARMERS' FIRE. INSURANCE.,.
as Professor Dubois uses nothing but --- -
rapes in the manufacture of his pro- Rules for their Organization
ucts, and- does pot use scuppernong
grapes, so that his branch of the mann- and Government..
The by-laws"of the Patrons' Mutual
Fire Insurance Companvy, of Massaclhu-
setts. will suggest how similar bodies
may be managed iu other Statr s. In-
organizing employ a lawyer, so -as to
start in accordance with your State law.
The Massachusetts by-laws are as fol-
AjRTiCLE 1. Thebu iness of the com-
pany shall be managed by fitteen direc-
tors, Who shall I-e elected annually by
2. The directors shall weer as soon as
may be after their own election, and
elect a president, vice president, secre-
tary. treasurer, an executive committee
and such other officers' as the directors
may deem necessary.
3. The annual meeting of thecompany
for the choi,-e of direcrots -hiali be held
on tlie econd Wednesday in January,
notice of which shiall be given by a writ-
ten or printed circular, :ir by an imprint
upon the hick of each polic-. At any
special meeting not less-tlian nine muem-
ber sh all ,consttute a quollrum.
4. Etery member shall be entitled to
one vote fir each policy lield by hbinm,.
Members may vote by proxies dated and'
executed within three nmonihs, and re-
corded on the books of the company at
least three days before the meeting at
h.vich the same aie used
5. The director. even of whom shall
constitute a qiito ium, shalli:)1.J quarterly
meeting., in ,January. April. J.,-h and
t-ctoler of ear: h yar, at which they shall
examine the condition of the company's
affair. They may appoint front their
qwxn number an executive committee to
whom they may delegate such of their
powers as they may think proper The
directors shall fix the sn'ary of compen-
sation of all officers and persons em-
ployed by the company.. They shall
have power to fill any vacancy in their
own body according to 4aw,'aud con-
tinue in office until succe socrs are cho-
sen nn.l qualified. They shall deter-
mine the maximum amount to be insured
on any one risk. They may allow com-
pensation for estraord'inarv services ren-
deied in preserving property from de-
struction by fire. They shall declare
su,:h dividends fiom accumnulaied sur-
plus of premiums received, to all expir-
ing policies as in theiropinion is prudent.
In case loss should happen to an amount
Ax.celedi&g.the-Ll1n s-xasting funds.t thie.
company, thlie directors may assess suih
fut'ther sums upon the leribers as shall
be necessary to., p;iy such loss, provided
that the assessments upon any member
shall not exceed the amount of the de-
posit note of each member. If any mem-
ber of the company, or the legal repre-
sentative of any member, shall neglect
or refuse to pa'v the atuount which may
be assessed, in the manner above meu-
tioned, for the space of thirty day, after
demand shall have been made for pay-
ment of the same in thie manner the di
rectois shall appoint, such member shall
be liable to the suit of the company
there-for, and the policy of such member
shall become void upon the vote of the
directors to that effect. Special meetings
of the directors may be called by the
piesident when in hIs judgment it is
6. It shall be tlieduty of the president
to cause all meetings of the directors and
of the company to be called: to preside
over the same: to sign all policies and
superintend the affairs of the company.
Iu the abieuce of the president, the vice-
president shall discharge the duties of
7. The secretary shall perform all the
duties incident to'bis office. He shall
collect all money paid to the company,
arnd forthwith pay the same to the treas-
urer. He shall make out and cause to
be executed all policies of insurance.
He shall give- notice by mail or other-
wise, to each person insured, of the time
at which his policy will expire, at least
ten days before the expiration thereof.
He shall make a full and general account
of all the concerns of the company to
the directors at their meetings and to,
the company at its meetings; and if a
quorum be not present. or any director,
he shall adjourn the same from time8 to
time, giving notice thereof. He shall
give such bonds as the directors may re-
S. Insurance slall be by policy for a
term not exceed ng fiveyears,whichlshall
be signed by the president or vice-presi-t
dent, or in their absence by thedirectors,
and countersigned by the secretary. No
policy shall be delivered until the pre-
mium is paid and a note given, as a de-
posit, for three times the amount of said
premium, payable at such times and in
such sums as thedirectors shall orderand
9. The treasurer shall give satisfactory
bonds for the amount fixed by the direc-
tors, and shall receive from the secretary
all money paid to the company, and de-
posit the same in such banks as the direc-
to-rs may designate, to the credit of the
company, subject to draft- by his check,
countersigned by the president or vice
president. He shall cause the property of
the company to be safely kept, and shall
invest tihefunds of the company under
the direction of the directors. He shall
have no authority to dispose of any of
the securities of the company, norto bor-
row money in the name of tite company.
unless authorized thereto by a vote of the
directorsat a meeting called for that par
pose. Pursuant to instructions from the
directors, he shall pay all-losses or other
10. All risks shall commence at 12
FREE, ONE SAMPLE GOPY,.
Before. yon decide wheri to go In SOULTH
FLORIDA, send for a sample copy of.'
STHE ORANGE GROVE.
STou will find better and cheaper bargains In
MANATrf County In groves, farmi, ranches of
any size. Building lots on railroad, river or sea-
side. The proprietor o "The .Orange Grove," Is
an "old timer," butneiLber moss backed or hide
bound; he ifs here'to stay and 'There is millions
In it.', Three Millions of Acres on his 'Books. -..
Add res, THE. GROVE, LIVERPOOL, FLA-. -
o'clock, at noon,: and terminate -at 12
o'l'ock. at noou. -
11. No policy shall be issued except to
members of'thle order of Patrons of Hus-
bandry in good -tanding.
12. The directors may make such fur-
ther regulation respecting the duties of
the several officers as may be found
necessary from time to time.
13. These by-laws may be alteied or
amended atany meeting of the company,
notlce-thereof being given in the call or
notice for said meeting, by a two-thirds
voteof the menibeis present and voting.
: _5=-: .". .. r '
Hints to CorresDondents.
The readers of the FLO:RIDA FARMER
AND FRUIT-GROWER are respectfunly in-
vited to -ontribute to its columns articles
and notes on all subjects pertaining to
the farm, garden, orchard and house-
hold affairs. The range of topics which
will be discussed in this journal may be
gathered from the subjoined tale, which
may sccive to suggest what might other-
wise escape attention :
Clearing land, draining land, crops for .
new land. succession of crops, intensive
farming, treatment .6f different -soils,
irrigation, soiling vs. pasturing, cow-
penning, green manuring. .. .
DOMESTIC ANTiALS. -
Horses, mules, cattle, hogs, sheep;
goats, poultry- Breeds, feed, diseasees,
SPECtAL FERTILIZRS. .
Cotton seed, cotton seed meal. barn-7
yard manure, guano, grouijd bone, acid-
per-phosphiate, gypsum, lirue, kainit,
ashes, marl. muck, leaf mould. com-
SFORAGOE CROPS. .
SBerniuda grass, crab grass. Para grass
Guinea pi-ass, Teriell grass, orchard
grass, red-top grass, John1on grass. Texas
bluegrass; pearl millet, German millet,
mnillo maize. knffir corn. teosinte. eorg-
hum, tojider coi n. .-ow peas, desmodi-
tii, Mexican clover, Jespedeza. alfalfa,
S STAPLE CROPS,
Corn, oats, rye, wheat, rice-Varieties,
yield per acre, soil and season, difficul-
ties encountered, general treatment.
CoItoi-Log tand ..l, orit Staple-Plant-
ing. and culture, marketing, manage-
ment of seed, products 'from the seed.
Sugar Cane and Sorghum-Varieties,
culture, making syrup and sugar, condi-
lion of market.
Toba'cco-Vai ieties, history in Florida,
recent experiences, seed. culture, manu-
Citrus Fruil-.-Co-mparison of varie-
ties, hardiness and productivene?, mnieth-
ods of propagation, methods of planting :
and culture, comparative effects of fer-
tilizers, marketing of fruit, preservation
of truit, wine and other products.
Peach. pear, fig, persimmon. Japan
plum, Kelsey plum, native plum, mul
berry, quince, apricot, guava& banana. -
pinheapple 'apodilla, mango, avocada
pear, cocoanut, pecan, English walnut,
Falmond, pomegranate, olive, grape,
strawberry, blackberry, raspberry-Va-
rieties, effects of Foil. weather, etc.
methods of culture.
NATIVE TREE'S AND HERBS.
Planting trees for ornament or utility,
the burning over of forest lands, the
lumber and turpentine industries, the
t-inning industry, phenomena of plant
life, weeds and noxious plant-.
N. B.-Specimens may be sent to the
editor for identification. Information is
desired respecting popular names and
Plants adapted to this climate, out-
door culture, management of green-
INSECT ENEMIES AND FUNOOID DISEASES
Nature of damage done and remedies.
Bees and bee plants, silk culture and
the mulberry, hunting and fishing, dogs
and dog laws, fences and roads, legisla-
tion for farmers, homestead laws, trans-
portation, marketing produce, experi-
mental farms, agricultural education,
home manufactures, natural history
of Florida, historic points, sanitary ad-
vice, farm buildings, house furnishing,
farm machinery, farm implements, .
water supply, cooling appliances, re-
cipes for cooking, home decorations
household economy, mineral, and earths,
climatology, hints on the care of chil-
dren, on dress, habits, reading, amuse-
In treating of the above and related
subjects, practical experience is much to
be preferred to theoretical knowl-
edge: yet there are topics needing dis-
cussion which have to be treated of
from a somewhat theoretical stand-
We do not desire letters written mere-
ly in praise of sj.ecial localities unless
claims to favor are based on the products
or productiveness of the soil. Articles
of an animate-I or vivaciousstyle are de-
sirable by way of variety, but practical
statements and descriptions should be
concise and as much to the point as pos-
All communications for the editorial
department should be addressed to
EDITOR FAR.ER AND FRUIT-GROWER
Fancy Poultry and Hunting Dogs,
Eggs For Hatching From Leading Va-
rieties of Domesticated Land
and Water Fowl.
----Si E'., 13---
Also Thoroughbred toungSetters and Hounds.
Address ViLLA. ZANZA POULTRY YARDS
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. JULY 20, 1887.
HELEN HARCOURT. Editor.
With a helping hand and a Welcome for all
Who wish to be friendly and make us a call;
With words of good counsel for old friends and
Who come to us seeking the best way to do.
All questions of general interest will be
answered through these columns.
Personal inquiries will be answeredby mail
when accompa.nfed by stamp for reply.
Subscribers are cordially invited to take a
seat in our Cosy Corner, and exchange views,
experiences and recipes of mutual benefit.
"Help ye one another."
Communications intended for publication
must be brief, clearly written, and only on
one side of the paper.
All matter relating to this department
should be addressed to
EDITOR OvUR HOME-CIRCLE,
Fla. Farmer and Fruit-Growerl
Our Cosy Corner.
MAKING THE BEST OF IT.
One way of doing this--and we do not
believe there is one of our sisters who
will dispute the assertion-is by making
our home surroundings as neat and
pretty as we can with the means at
It is easier to work in a. cosy, com-
fortable looking kitchen, for instance,
than it is in a rough, ugly one, with
every pot and pan staring at one sug-
As a rule, our Florida kitchens have
rough, unpainted walls. Well, let us
kalsomine them; it is as easy as white-
washing, and a great deal more durable;
not expensive, either. That will do
away with one eyesore.
Then there are the prevailing naked
shelves to look after, filled with pots,
pans and pails, all in full view-truly
"more useful than ornamental." -
Every Florida kitchen should have its
regularly built cupboard, with its neat
dresser, shelves above and below, draw.
ers, and doors to shut all the shelving
out of sight; ought to, but very few have,
and it is a mystery why not. They are
considered necessities up North, and
every kitchen has its own-cupboard, of-
ten two; but whether the men who usu-
ally plan-no plan-for the Florida
hi.uses, think that housekeeping and
housekeepers are differently constituted
here, the stars only know, for they qui-
etly leave out the cupboards and closets,
and confront the dismayed new comer
with a bare, blank array of walls, with
never a nook or corner to. hang a gar-
ment or stow away the hundred and one
things that are to be laid away in every
And here and now we would like these
sinners to understand that no true house-
keeper has a soul above cupboards nau-
icolaetfs, 7 more than any lwin has one
above t.bi. di ner table, .r -
But ali tre sanir, the majority of our
-, kitchens areadorned wit h niked shelves.
o kindly doorto shut utt utt sight the
B *ini'l enitts of torture" that. c?'nfront
it I-ook unflinchingly. --.
plet us -over them up, iut not ex-
-alonas we did the ungainly walls- not
kalsomuine, but a curtain now.
Procurea rod about an inch and a
quarter in.diameter and of the required
length to span the shelves, then take
two blocks, seven by nine inches, of inch
'-. lumber (an old, white-pine box is easiest
-to work with), and hollow out one end
of each for the rod to rest on. .
Screw these blocks even with the top
of the shelves at each end. -
Next, make from strong wire like that
used in-baling hay, twelve rings, three
inches in diameter, twist the ends firmly
together, or bend them in a little, and
then tie them. Next, nlrap them with
old muslin and then with turkey-red cal-
ico to cover up the muslin.
Sew your curtain to these rings (tur-
key-red calico is best at regular inter-
vals. In the hem of the curtain slip a This is one of the most beautiful of all
few bird shot, enough to keep it down jellies, and while rather too tart for gen-
firmly. eral tale use, cannot be surpassed for
Then slip the rings on the rod and put making that popular favorite, jelly cake.
the latter up on the brackets you have or for flavor ing custards.
made ready The curtain should be full Place the grapes iripe)over the fire in a
and ample, just hiding the lower s-elf,. preserving kettle, and let them boil,
It. will slide easily on the rod, and so far closely covered, until the fruit is broken
from being in the way, will be both a to pieces; then strain through a jelly
comfort and an ornament tothehkitchen; bag, putting in a few spoonfuls only ata
easy to wash, also, and will help to keep time, and pressing hard.
clean the pots and pans it (overs up. Toeach pound of juiceallow one pound
With the neat, white walls, a red cur- of sugar, granulated is best.
tain at the windows, with door frames. Set the juice on the stove to boil, and
window frames. tablesand chairspainted at the same time spread the sugar on
red, and the floor either ci1rpeted.or shallow pans or pie-plates, and put these
stained oak color, the kitchen work inside the oven, leaving tl e door partly
would seem less dreary than in a rough, open and stirring the sugar once in a
unsightly room. while.
These same rods and curtains would Let the juice boil fast for just twenty
do good service in other parts of the minutes, ard then slip the hot sugar
house. where closets are missiug. into it as it boils, stirring rapidly all the
iT'o be Coittiitc'.) time. It will hiss asit goes in. and melt
at once: never mind it it has l.uined
around theedges in the pans, the burned
The Davis Fund. parts will only make lumps that can
We gladly acknowledge the receipt. easily be taken out.
from rs. E. al IN. of Plant City, Fl. As soon as yoi are sure the sugar is
from Mrs. E. M. W. of Plant ity, Fa. all dissolved, take out the spoon, let
of $1. the jelly come back to a boil and then
4 lift it off instantly, for it is done.
Answers to Correspondents. and steady to fill into the glasses as
Mrs. E. M. W., Plant City, Fla., writes quickly as possible.
us: "I am rather a "big cousin," com- Understand that this process, while
iug to the *fountainhead' for infor- given in this instance especially for
mation on the subject of churns and the grape jelly, applies to all jellies, with a
dairy. I have had no experience at all slight addition in the case of green
in that line. We are quite partial to the grapes, or other green fruit, of one-half
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, and were pound more of sugar to a pint of juice.
among the initial subscribers-indeed, "'If these directions be strictly fol-
we couldn't do without it, and it is grad- lowed," says Marion Harland, in Com-
ually educating us up to country life." mou Sense in the Household, "-and t.he
The FARMER makes his most graceful fruit is at the prop,-r state of ripeness,
bow to our fair correspondent, and the there need be no fear of failure. "I have
Family Friend will endeavor in its next often had the jelly form before I filled
issue to give the "points" desired, the last glass. I wish it were in my
Mrs. J. H. H., Tallahassee. Fla., says: power, by making known the advan-
"Having already profited by hints in tages ol the process I have described [as
Ourt Home Circle, I would like to ask for above] to put an end to the doubts and
some information about canning and anxieties attendant upon the old fash-
preserving figs. Can they simply be loned plan of boiling jelly into a pre-
scalded and canned as peaches or bher- serve. This plan is so simple and safe,
ries?" the jelly made so superior in flavor and
We are happy in having, like the far- color to that produced by boiling down
famed Irishman, "answered that ques- juice and fruit, that no one who has
tion before it was asked" in our issues ,ever tried both ways can hesitate to give
of the 6th and 13th of the current it the preference."
SCUPPERNONG GRAPE JELLY
is made like the above, only that the
pulp is squeezed out, and the skin thrown
away before the grapes are put on the
fire. There is also this difference: if the
the grapes are ripe (not dead ripe) less
sugar will suffice-say a scant pint and
a half to one quart of juice.
month. Our correspondent has, there-
fore* at hand the information desired.
Figs may be canned as other fruits (see
Our Home Circle May 4th), but the other
methods given are preferable.
Now that we are again on the fig
subject, we will quote a few lines by
Mrs. Chapman, in the Florida Agricul-
turist, written for the benefit of such
housekeepers as find their fig preserves
showing signs of fermentation:
Put them back on the stove, and "to
every half gallo of preserves put one
large goblet of strong, clear lime water
(water saturated with lime), and boil un-
til the water has evaporated. The syrup
and fruit will be clear and-transparent
as ever. But if soda is used, the fruit is
apt to turn dark and the syrup be muddy.
If the figs look blistered, stick a pen-
knife in them before boiling."
The Family Friend.
HONEY WASH FOR THE EYES.
Honey is a most excellent remedy for
inflammation of the eyes. In the sum-
mer and fall of 1878, I was sorely afflict-
ed with inflammation of the right eye,
which finally became very painful. At
that time Mr. C. 0. Perrine, of Chicago,
paid me a visit, and noticing my trouble,
told me to use honey to cure my eye.
His method was to put a few drops of
pure liquid honey into a teaspoonful of
lukewarm water, and stir with the finger
till thoroughly dissolved, then lie down
and. drop three or four drops of' the
honey and water into the eye, lying still
a few minutes, then wiping the face and
eyelids, but not washing out the eye.
Repeat this four or five times a day, and
the last thing before going to bed. I
followed directions faithfully, and got
immediate relief, and in a few days the
inflammation was entirely gone. In
the course of a week or so it became in-
flamed again, and I fed (?) it honey till
relieved. This was repeated several
times before the eye was finally cured.
Lately I have been troubled again in a
different way, the eye becoming filmy
and blurring .the sight. One application
of the honey cured it. Whether it will
cure other diseases of the eye, chronic
sore eyes, etc., I know not, but to those
afflicted it will do no harm to try it, as it
cannot possibly do them any injury.-I
W. M. Kellogg, in Prairie Farmer.
HOW TO KEEP ICE.
Not in a refrigerator or ice box-we all
know that-but in small pieces in the
sick room, for instance, where it is so
often needed, and melts so rapidly.
The following method of preserving
-it is highly recommended, and is cer-
tainly worth trying:
Cut apiece of flannel about nine inches
square, and secure it by ligature iound
the mouth of an ordinary tumbler, so as
to leave a cup-shaped depression of flan-
nel wiin the t:-urbler to abut bhlf its
depth. In the flanuel cup s'-constructed
pieces of ice may be preserved many
hours, all the longer if a piece of flannel
'uru fou, r ,to e u,_I- js e6 luarl -b, u dil
as a loose cover tr the ice cups. Cheap
flannel, with apparently open meshe,. is
prefi '-. easily drain
Ite r ...tl sthus kept quite
dry. When good flannel with good tres
ture is employed, a small hole must be
made in the bottom of the flannel cup,
otherwise it holds the water, and facili-
tates the melting of the ice. Placed in a
cup of this kind, two ounces of ice has
been known to last for nine or ten
Very soon .:.ow will the luxuriant
masses of wild grapes that abound in
our hammocks, be ready to yield up
their purple treasures, ripe and fragrant,
and so it. behooves our Family Friend to
st-p forward and tell us bow best we
may utilize this bounteous gift that
Dame Nature lays down at our feet.
Who can furnish a good recipe for
Either from wild or tame grapes.
Boil the grapes in just enough water
to make them tender (if scuppernong,
throw away the skins and seeds), strain
them through a colander; to one pound
of pulp put one pound of sugar; boil to-
gether half an hour.
When grapes are of the right kind,
and in proper condition, their juice fer-
mented without the addition of water
or sugar,, or both, gives what is properly
'speaking, wine-i. e., grape wine is the
fermented juice of mature grapes, as
cider is the fermented juice of mature
apples. In nine cases out of ten, how-
ever, grapes employed in the home man-
ufacture of wine are lacking in the ele-
ments required, either because of their
kind or their immature state, hence
water and sugar are added. The gen-
eral rule which makes, if properly car-
ried out and the grapes are suitable, a
very good drink, is one-third water, two-
thirds grape juice and a pound of sugar
to every auart of the liquor. Crush the
grapes, which are best when gathered in
the morning as soon as the dew is off,
without mashing the seed. Let the mass
remain over night, then strain off the
juice; pour the water to be added
over the residue, and allow it in turn to
remain a few hours to gain what strength
is left. Add the sugar and place in keg
or barrel, according to the quantity of
juice, in a\warm place to ferment. Keep
the barrel full, that the scum may be
forced out at the bung hole. It is well
to reserve some of the juice to pour in
from day to day, to insure this. The air
should be excluded as much as possible,
and allow the gases to escape during
the process of fermentation. A bag of
sand placed over the bung-hole answers
the purposes very well. When the im-
purities have* ceased to pass out at the
bung and the wine has settled, rack it
off in clean vessels,'close it.up and store
in a cool cellar.,
From one of our sisters, Mrs. J. H. H.,
of Tallahassee, we gladly acknowledge
the two following recipes:
SPONGE CAKE. ,
One cup of sugar, three -eggs; one cup
of sifted flour, one tablespoonful of
water; flavor to taste. Bake in a quick
oven twenty minutes.
Half cupof molasses, one-quartercup of
t--inTer,-half cupsour milk, twocupisiftted
flour, half teaspoo.nfuil soda, half tea-
spoonful each of cinnamon, cloves and
allspice Steam one hour.
- Sauce: One cup of sugar. thtee quar
ters cup of butter stirred to cream, one
egg, nutmeg. teamed.
Our Young Folks' Corner.
IT S STANDING OFFER.
A rice picture book ea: b month t the boy
orgirl who sensdsthe largest list ofsubs!rin-
ers ior "THE FLORIDA FAiRMER AND FRavrir-
GROWER" durlne that month.
A bewautliilly boun-i copy of the famous
children's ','agazine,St. Nicholas, to the boy
or girl wne seEnd us .tl IVlrgest number of
subserlbersdurinD six months.
Write- us le tr-rs-desriptiveof places, thIngs
or doings; writer don one idetbhe page; give
The best letter received will Ie published
Now go to work anud See who wins
That's a very sad thing, is it not-one
of the saddest things in the world, fori
boys and giris whu have parents to
grieve over their wrong-doing? But
sometimes when it is not a human being
who is guilty of the wickedness, and no
real harm is done, youthful depravity
has its comical side-for instance, when
it is a flock of chickens that are in fault,
one can laugh instead of being sad, for
they know no better and have no souls
SThat is the way we felt wheu, this
spring, we found our flock of 200 little
chicks behaving very oddly all at oace.
They were hatched in our hatcher,
and brought up carefully "in tire way
they should go," in as u'nice and cosy a
brooder as anyone ever saw.
And they were very respectable, well-
behaved chicks: not one of them got
sick-rhey would have been very un-
grateful if they had-and all of themI
grew fast, and looked like honest, well-
to-do young poultry. living peacefully
together as brothers and sisters should
But, as I said just now, all at once
they changed. Fiom being easy -going.
good-natured little chicks, they suddenly
declared war, one with another. Fight!
goodne-s, how they did fight!
They were not. big enough to take care
of themselves among the old folks in the
poultry yard, so their brooder was kept
near the house, where they could have
the run of the Bermuda grass around it,
and the canopy grape vines and big
trees for shade, so they were close around
the kitchen door, and they kept us busy
running out to separate the combatants.
I never saw anything like it before or
since-it was an epidemic of fighting;
every identical chick seemed to have
turned into an Ishmael. Sometimes
there were twenty or thirty different
groups. varying from two to half a
dozen, all fighting atonce,and we would
no sooner snatch up one of the little
scanips and set it down again, than it
would rush at another and go right on
with the quarrel.
Feathers flew abroad in their, squalls
and screams woke the echoes, heads
were swelled and combs torn and bleed-
ing, and some went limping on one leg,
having been hauled around by their
Altogether, there never was a more
disreputable flock than ours became, and
-war y3 f m.
the change was so sudden that we were
genuinely perplexed as to the cause.
And it kept on just the same for nearly
a week, and then one day my mother
happening togatunder the wood-shed,
came back l ng till the tears stood
in her eyes.
"Just go' here, and look at the
solving of t blem," she gasped.
And I wen what do you suppose
I saw? Arourfd two casks of orange
wine, whose bung holes were open: to
allow the fermenting 'juice to escape,
were clustered those -naughty little
chickens, just as close together as they
could get, squabbling and fighting and
scolding and jumping on each other in
their eagerness to catch the drops of
wine as they ran down the casks. But
that wasn't all of it. On top of the casks
were as many as could find foothold,
dipping their beaks into the bung holes,
whose cloth covering had been blown off
by the wind.
And so the mystery was explained.
The chicks were tipsy, absolutely drunk
o0n orange wine. and. hence, all the sud-
den qiarieling'and fighting, There is a
great deal of human nature in chickens,
We bad a hearty laugh over. their de-
pravity. We could laugh, because no
one was hurt, and the chickens did not
know they were doing wrong.
They found their supply of liquor sud-
denly'cut off, and the fighting stopped
just as quickly, but it was a long time
before they ceased haunting the casks.
A Clothes Horse Screen.
Screens are very useful,-convenient
things to have in the house, and so' I
will tell my cousins how to make them,
for they could hardly find anything that
would please their mamma more.
They are very popular things up North,
but here in our rural Florida homes,
where visitors often have to be ushered
into a bedroom or dining-room, instead
of a parlor that can be kept in "com-
pany order," a nice, pretty screen that
could be made to shut out of sight the
bed and washstand, or the corner where
the sewing machine and the woik baskl-et
liv,\ is almost a niecei-yv.
My big cousins and sisters could work
together nicely on one of these screens,
and they would be proud of the result.
Try it and see.
The old-fa hioned screens used to be
meant only to shut off the excess of heat
from the fire-place, so they were called
fire screens, and were about three feet
high and in one single piece. But now-
a-days the style is to have them four or
five feet high, and in two or three folds.
So, you see, a clothes-horse screen,
with its three folds, is just the very thing
for a foundation, and can easily be made
into a handsome screen
-The New York World, in a recent is-
sue, tells how to make one. and I give
you the directions here, but of courLe
you %ill see that it is only the main idea
you need to carry out. You can alter
theo.details to_ suit yourselves; for in-
stance, yoocoulcrstrefch something else
orer-the frame instead of silesia, and
could paste on it all sorts6.oQL-Glristmas,
Easter or advertising,'c4.' Or sew on
cretonne figures. .
Here is what the World has to say
Cover each fold of the horse with
chocolate silesia, drawing it very tight
and tacking it, very firmly to the edges.
Around the edge sew on bright red
plush as a border. with the edge turned
in. At the bottom should be worked a
framework of blue plush, with old gold
silk in the centre. The silk must be
drawn to the lower edge in a wide box-
plaiting; cover the joint in the corner
with either a how of ribbon or a piece of
silk. The same effect should be used at
the top, excepting that the silk is drawn
to the centre. In the centre of each fold
can be pasted a neat engraving-for in-
stance, "Morning,","Noon"and "Night"
-and a border of some bright material
to cover the joint. Brass knobs, such as
are used at the ends of curtain rods.
should be fastened to the ends of the up-
rights.. This will add greatly to the ef-
What Early Settlers Remember.
TheSanford Argus contains the fol-
lowing reminiscences of early times,
written by Mr. E. A. Tucker:
In those days we had a good time, and
a very hard time. Newnansville wasour
county site. for Alachua embraced what
is now Marion, Levy, SumLer, Hernando
Hillsborough, Polk, Manatee and Mon-
roe. These counties were soon organ-
ized, which was a great convenience.
The people generally settled in neighbor-
hoods for mutual protection and for re-
ligious and educational pwuposes. Emi
gration was very gradual; a new comer
was greeted with joy. The itinerant
preacher of the M. E. Church was our'
missionary: this was before the division
of the church. All honor is due the
Methodist itinerant system, or the in-
habitants might have relapsed into bar-
barism. In those days people would
come many miles to attend a big meet-
ing, in ox carts, boise carts and wagons.
People knew how to camp out; it was
nothing uncommon for the settler to
commence his settlement in the woods
without a board, pile down family and
household affairs at the base of a tree,
and commence getting out boards to
erect a shelter, make pens for cattle,
clear land, etc. Wolves -would come
around at night and howl, panthers
scream, deer whistle.. All of these ani-
mals have been shot and killed from the
camp, rattlesnakes killed around, as
they were very numerous.
It wassard that the Indians worshipped
the rattlesnake, aud it. looked so from
their immense size and age. Few snakes
can be found now. Bears *ere allowed
a rendezvous in some immense ham-
mock, in which they were safe; here
they raised their young. When they
made their raids upon the Indian hog
they were killed or driven back to their
place of safety. Thie Indians esteemed
their hides, flesh and oil highly. It was
nothing uncommon for the panther to
pick upa pappoose and carry It off, con-
GeBUne Wasmigo ai udouNle NImierial iavels
Order Now if you wish tobe in time.
We offer for Fall and Winter Deliverv a choice
lot f GENUINE WASHINGTON NAVELS,
Also, the VILLA FRANCA, bear and har.tL-i of
Lemons. Also, Early Spanish, Jaffa. Majorca,
Malta Oval, and neirlc alJ varieties .:i 4Oran e,
Lemon and Lime "We also offer for Me
ilht ti. me to Florida orange growers the
DOUBLE IMPERIAL NAVEL,
Most PivlLflc Navel known, and the
ATWOOD'S SEEDLE,3S NAVEL.
KEDNEY & CAREY.
Winter Park, Orange County, Fia
ILEY, GROVER & CO.,
STATE AGENTS FOR -
RASIN FERTILIZER CO'S
SOLUABLE SEA ISLAND GUANO
DISSOLVED BONE AND ALKALT
.AND WHOLESALE DEALERS I IN
FRUITS AND PRODUCE.
Get our Prices before buying.
ALL VEARIRETES OF-
ORANGE AND LEMON TREES.
Bud not placed on small stocks, but on extra
large and fine ones.
We make a specialty of the
-EARLY SPANISH. RANGE----
(the earliest variety known),
TOHITI LIMES and
VILLA FRANCA LEMONS,
and can show trees or the latter that stood the
coldilast water as well as the Orange, and
NOW HAVE FRUIT UPON THEM. -
Send for Catalogue..
.KEDNEY & CABRY,
Winter Park Fla
Florida THE wspapLEs
Bees and Queens.
Orders will be booked now for delivery dur-
ing April, May or June, of my superior race
Italian Bes and Qn ons.
APAN CLOVER AND TURPB' GRASS.
(Leapedema strlata and Paspalum platycdule.)
Illustrated and described in FLooIDA FAMnxB
AND FaUar OGOWEn.
Supplied at $91.0 per-thousand,
T. K. GODBEY,. Waldo. Florida.
sequently they were-the only beast-that
the Indian tried to destroy.
- The deer was sacredly taken care of,
killed only when needed, every precau-
tion used to make them tame, and when
the white man came to the country, deer
were so gentle it was no trouble to kill
them, and the result was they were
killed by thousands for their skins only.
How extravagant! Many would devote
tlyir whole time to hunting. Ammuni-
tion was very scarce; one man ..killed.
thirteen deer with one bullet, which he
borrowed or leased from a widow wo-
man, giving her a ham of each. If the
bullet did not stop in the deer, he would
trace it up until he found-it, and again
roll it, as re-melting would ruin it. In
killing the fourteenth he lost it. .. Thus
it is seen to what extremity the inhabi-
tants were subjected. The ashes-of
palmetto roots were used as a substitute
for salt. Yet the people seemed happy.
Quueens by mali a pee-ialty.
Give mre a trn.u Older
For prices or othe-r injormnitlon, address
H. C. HART, ,
Enstis. Orange- Co., Fla.
Mississippi Valley Poultr Yards,
J. FLETCHER HURLEY, Prop'r,
Breeds Prize Winning'
Plymouth Rocks. Wyandottes, Brown
Leghorns and Bronze Turkeys.
GOOD FOWLS FOR SALE ATALL TIMES.
EGGS IN SEASON.
Won all the Leading Prizes at the
North lqississippi Poultry Show at
Water Valley, Feb. 9 to 12,1887.
Farmers w;shiU; to improve their stock can
get SPECIAL BARGAINS of me. I also sell a
P:.ultry Jc-urnal ara l--ok6s at Eeduded Prices.
ben.d for C'atalogue and Price List, free; or
," ie for cal-a r .
SPlease mention this paper.
AN EIGHT-PAGE PAPER.
Ha6 li Exti.luive Franchbse .of the
ASSOCIATED PRESS DESPATCHES,
the Largest and Only Efficient News Service in
S 'the country. Also.
A SPECIAL TELEGRAiPIIIC SERVICE
and the most complete
FROM ITi OWN 'CORREiPONDENTS.
fr.:m all the. Leadag -Citiesof the Union, dr-
inf the sean ,n, ar ndJis ena toevery
ho bas --...
are alo) full and complete.
OneYear. SIO. Six iHonths,85. Three
SMonths,82.50. One Month, 81.
FORIB WEEKiLY TIjIIES
is thbe Bet and hObeapear Weekly in the South:
Contains the .Cream of the Daily for the week.
Only $1 a Year; 50 cents for _.-
p'WSam pie Copies of allFree to any
iNSend for circular giving description of the
Princely Premiums offered to sub-
scribers to the
A tenant who iinderstannis the rmaring andl
tizirmcnt nt garldn truck aand tfrint, to )cujirate
a Ifr,' ifa nrm ,h5 or ngo te''Or- on siare-,. B',:.,;
orf n~n.m.ock land anr in an nuil product of
d i, .) ii.lIn,.t'l.'sarile A iii.an' I trlt tvW.:..'' three
boy; InLrg,- -n':ii h and not aifraid wo.r'k ean
hear.:.f a rLt4 I.litL.e by apV lieat.r-.n :- iur.-
dersigned, at Manantee, Fla. -- -
Re-erence required J. H. VISER.
R.N. l.L,.p -r,-" -.- l. M-.,I: P k. ArneItt-Ct.
ELLIS & McCLURE,
Architeccts & Civil Enineers,
HOTELS, PUBLIC & PRIVATE BUILD-
P 0. o0784. P,ooms 7 and s Palmetto Block
S Bay Street.
JA CKSONVTT.T.E. FLA.
2 FLORIDA FARMEIULANDFRUIT GROWEk JUL2Y 20, L887.
average farmer such team is only to be The Art of Milkifg. But we do notlay the blame t) ou poul- them presume to crow till the hour Let Never strike at them when they fly
Ulfl'u'IP had from theclass of grade draft horses. When the teats are hrst touched, try, but to the brecdetrs. Our little Leg- them out. about the head.
had from the class of grade dra orses. hen the teas are irst touched, horns, and other varieties, are willing Lime is one of the best substances that 4. When attacked step into a building
__ "__ I Don't forget the work teams. Let either.by the milked or e.calf,- the first enough to put a stop to this foreign egg can be used for dusting the poultry if oneis-near; the bees will not follow,
Inquiries condemning diseases of domestic them start into the work a little easy. effort of the cow is Taw up the eating if we will only encourage them a house as a preventive of lice. Ir should If this cannot be done lie flat on the-
animalsmaybe addressedtoDr.D.O.Lon, See that they are well groomed at night tendons tighter than orfyv. causing little by building 'warm. comfortable be as fine as possible, and if unslaked so ground, face down, and they vill soon-
Jacksonville, Florida, who will answer them when brought in from work,and instruct a contraction that giv~ 'her bag a houses and coops, and not be too "mor- much the better. Dust it early in the leave.
through this column, the drivers to loosen the collar on their hardness that makes it- s5 if caked, tal lazy" and stingy to feed and care for morning and on a damp day, driving out 5. When stung remove the sting and
necks when resting at the plow. and the milker can at i ia lyy get the them as they deserve. the fowls beforebeginning ." keep away from the bees for a little
Barbarous Treatment. Mares with foal should not be permitted little milk which, from being crowded., J. FLETOHER HURLEY. Ducks thrive best with a running while, because the other bees can smell
A popular method of treating "hollow to run. in the barnyard with an indis- had oozed through the orific into the Grenada, Miss. stream of water to swim in. yet they get the poison, as onecanhimself. It makes
horn "'isthus described to the veterinary criminate lot of stock, for between hook- teats.. along very well with plenty. of drinking the bees very full of fight to smell this.
authority of Farm and Home and corn- ing by cattle, kicking by vicious horses, .' Presently, if all is quiet d peaceable, Le-horn Charateristi wate only, provided thereis enough to p on. b
mented upon by him: crowding in narrow passages, slipping she gives a full relaxation, e tie strict- Brown Leghorn Characteristics. wat her only poided bthe i e t Spoison.
Lasmentear Ipon d fine ou heiferthat when chased, and the like, their chances ures which holds back hier milk, and her An inquirer who wishes to know the. The increasing number of eggs will stings ay be relieved by sucking the
suddenly lost her appetite and fell away. for losing their young are very many teats are not only filled but crowded, "national marks" of the Brown Leg- lead to a large demand on the part of wound. The poison will not injure the-
On examination I found her horns cold, times multiplied. and the whole contents of her udder are horns, receives the following response hens for shell-forming- material. Keep mou h, but should not be swallowed.
and three joints of her tail soft. I imme- Six quarts of meal and 10 lbs. of good placed at the disposal of calf or milker. through the Southern Cultivator : the bone and shell mill going. Doses of liquor or of ammonia in water
diately bored the horns on the upper side, haywill keep a horse weighing 900 or If now due expedition is used in draw- Around and about Leghorn, in Italy, .. may be taken.-Farm and Home.
three inches fromthehead,andpouredin 1000 lbs. in fair condition for ordinary ingthe milk it can all e obtained.whence they came the males are mostly Setting Hens. f .t
a mixture of black pepper, salt and vine- farm work. Next comes the expenses Usually this effort at relaxation does red in color, having a black, or brownish A great cruelty is often inflicted in Ducks, after commencing to lay, drop.
gar. The tail I split lengthwise as far as aside from food consumed, which will not long continue. I'bether the milk black, bre ist only. The hens are a red- shutting up hens that want to sit, says very regularly one egg every twenty-
soft, and in the split put an'equal quan- vary very much. Now $10 to $15 will is all drawn or not, cows soon tire of dish brown, shadiug to a lighter hue on one who has had experience. I have four hours, almost invariably at night.
tity of black pepper and salt, then bound secure the services of a good Percheron keeping up the relaxation and allow 1 1 the back, with the principal tail and heard women say that they had shut
it upfirmly with a strip of cloth and horse in this vicinity, which coupled on cords to asumetlieir natural coutracted wing feathers r generally black. Both them up in a barrel, or some dark place,
soaked the bandage with spirits of tur- our smaller sized mares give a splendid position, and thus shut ff the flow. sexes have white deaf-ears, or ear-lobes, for five or six days without food or drink. L ECTVET -ON
pentine. The remedy sounds severe; farm and good driving horse. The ex- This makes it important t.Ik apeedily, and exceedingly large combs and wat- When let out they are so weak they ^.h n1 i-
but it is effectual. My cow recovered, pense of teaching them their duty in the The lingering milker ""er gets the ties, the former standing erect on the could hardly walk. I have no trouble 1 Rh
and has since had a fine calf. I know a harness need not-e felt by the intelligent whole of the mess. Neither doesle who cocks and falling over on the hens. In in "breaking" my hens. Assoon as one
number of persons who have tried this farmer. allows the process to be interrupted. their native land, the'color of their legs show, an undue disposition to sit I cover
and it never fails when applied in time. Hence, themiking should oe coninuo.u-. -varies, but with the best strains in this her or fix her nest so that she cannot get
ne man near me had several cows sick airy and Stock Notes. Cows enjoy the sense of relief hen a country they are a golden yellow. Also. toit. If that fails she.is put into a coop,
like 'mine but he hooted at the idea of i and t N crowded udder is being emptied, and our hens have been bred down to a made of narrow slats, and 'stuffed with
such a disease as hollow horn, and would Bad breath in cows indicates some dis- they will continue the relaxation which darker, richer brown, with cinnamon food instead of starved. She will soon be
not apy the remedy; he lost every order of the stomach, and is generally opensthemilk ducts, as long as they brown breasts, and the males to deep condition toresumelaying.-Western 0
cow. Very often when the horns are accompanied by feverish symptoms, feel that relief taking effect; but let the black breasts and well defined wing-bars Rural.
bored a very offensive matter runs from either not or cold chorus, and a falling off milker stop, and the relaxation will stop, of a steely blue color, the lower edge of is what kled your poor father. Shun it.
them. And the end'of the tail some- of milk. The feeding of a handful or and it can rarely be induced again be- the flight feathers and secondaries being Insect Stings. void anything containinit throughout your
times drops off, but the cow can recover two of pulverized, soft charcoal with fore another milking. Quiet and cornm- shaded with a golden brown hue. They dueire useful (?) ca eers. e older heads
even then-R, Henrico county, Va. each feed of meal or brn, and mixed fort are also essential to obtaining all grow fast and mature early; the cock- sets stings and sites should never itsecalOGHESS."
S i COmetnteSrc with it. in our experience is one of the the milk.- Farming World. erels frequently begin crowing when be rubbed, nor indeed scarcely t uch r d.ey tae
COaiE N Tba r- Aei calnt valuao lexfiwall oS u ebeererretmeiusiDeN'l-n ie fl h i t gh in 1 p d ut o neuin andr
Can anything more brutal, anything best correctives that can be used. Itis only six or eight weeks old, and the pul- When a sting, a es t ffortstwithinsectgpowderraxorua .
favoring more of ignorance and barbar- animals, and now hat es so in the familme ee ng Hogs. e uly arehous, but the ery best of layers and are t rather pushed from the body, for if hehoustotridof
ism be imagined than the practices which owned above, you may admirers many the farmer's cuisine tion between gapes and e, as many the swelling. The best treatment for hes,Wad-bugs, ie Bees
are above detailed? And yet, if we are to only the quantity should be decreased.- The tastes and habits of the average non-sitters. ingr is t the st ti For two or three nights sprinehs
S ecolub ns = ne s an as heou a s t a hio a ob e a aForntwdoful ot hretheenigbhtnprnnk lare o em st n s r sl s o
Shollow hor rotten tail or wor American Dairyman. face, a dro Southern farmer and the universal de- says a writer in the erus, hen tsqueezes pain will generally soo thefae o te glrypowder,,
are indulged in, not by himself alone, A yellow skin and a yellow ear (inside) mand of the negro population, especially The Poultry Yard. poison frm he sting into his fles butrin
hea Theymptos in the case al- g, waxy horn, a small, straight shm te so ra whoesoe regd Gardener's Magazine, that in the act of cease. The ollowi hints with reference DESTROYS POTATO BUGS
luded to were only such as are common leg, or any othersally regardeomtd as pres- our health, or that such coarse and crowing a bird stands up and then to bees may be of value here: Firash it all aa on the sin, i.,a wbl
weto have neither patience nor space or ent in a cow that gives rich yellow ilk found h e most impordeman on th e list of As a rule, wherever lice exist in the nail, the poison goa tme become sting. ill th i -nsets from garret to ela ia keo
ant The horns were coe atio n : domestic animals. Baconand larde aignore poultryhouse the chicks have gapes, but Rubbinged to he part causes the poison to pear. he secret is inthe fact thatwherever-
anyoft becaushing more the bones were sing notice fully that.he is feeding this winter 200 graded out it for arink during the night. ROACHday, imagines that he is theES bird's roosting, but the moment piration and when that condition a BEDBU
this outrageous nonsense. We repea, V. toned above, you may admire asbeen made enduing a great privation d ispn- this ler contemplates a nuisanc-spreadandgreatlyincreasee, the pain and eterson shouldsareinhehounot go nese, ey mus
what we have many times declare as r articles the farmer's then, who s win ging lath comgapes gand lice, as manyshould athe sweling. Thore best permitted to go learsoutats, Mice, Bed-ugs, Flie.
Seed as quietly as a lot of ewes." He must have bacon-who considers it one with his comb, and effectually stops near hive. oacheants water-bus, m.s imic
Inreply to an: There is no such disease. F. ., the lass escutcheon, long slim tail a While do not believe that this fond- suppose but because they are bothin- stings is to cover the spot with wet clay Rs" issold'all around the world,
as hollows: horn, rotten tail or worm in beautifuly-teeding burned dishing face, a droop- ness for hog products as staples and fluenced by filth-The Husbandman. death ) baking soda r sal- e, is the mosextensivelyadverised
S Murrainis produced by over-feeding thing he tried which cured a lot of pigs table practise to gaie ver edtte asoen- and llB s r arncl of.Uo GR
the tai The symptoms in the case al-ing, waxy horn, a small, straight, slim accessories to ourill of fare is founded It is admitted, says a writer in the ertu, en pain will generally soon e face of the globe.
ludetreme pov were only suto a higher commndition leg, or any othe r fancy points;ed but eefdo spring, therin reason or a wholesome regard Gardener's Magazine, that in the act of cease. Th olowin hnts in reference
fih. muar be slow and gradual tomsure o breeds is.good enough. It. js excelled, attencion aul food ou the maturing; rew a^ gB 5 TG B n 1
to the majortly rmd ko wn the d diseases of rumi- not look for of those till you have found for health, or that such coarse and crowing a birdstands up and en tobees may be of value here: O BU
s to puthe hord on short co ecas tre. Theessentials.atioaieStcJur heating food is demanded by our sys- srethe its neck to its fullest exte A 1. A pe may in time become ae- r P s, on ne eta b
yet* te fact cannot be ignored. small lath loosely suspended about customed to the poison in a great meas-s w.anr i ad rp d m-ty s.ak r
dof the others. It bring a better pice the ewaril, ebor while yet pigB, the ojl-. -iBE T E OF ID ITA1 ON
culation lagged. as it many times doesa.crub beef, and .t' We will havet rbac n'atf any -cost;andeghirtavec ei e r vg '
soft because the bones were not fully that.he is feeding this winter 200 graded outy it for a 'day, imagines that he isoth-s. t i n w 2 o B g d sn wtheodo s .ai o S r
hardened, or ossified.-F. E. Rice, V. S. range cattle, which have been made enduring a great privation. chanticleer contemplates a nuisance, the person should not gi near them Nog BED B UCS
losed with a small al reoe takihornless. they are as harmless and.- the gra behooves the farmer, then, who swgrowth diengla or come gently in contact should a swearmetihore calle p sealed to goAlways reh ad reliable. A a
ndurranfeed as quietly as a lot of ewes."He must have bacon-who considers it one with his comb, ALnd effectually stops near ahive., le PellesRoaches moats water-bufect saraction.
iced thinks "dishorning is worth $5 a head to of the indispensailes-to give his-hogs hi. I have a dozen birds, and none of 3. All quick Lmovements irritate bees arro:,..ackf Ie, -ri.:ophr. 15c.y
Inreply to an inquiry from D. F. ., the feeder,"andsays he takes the horns the attention hat the iconm ed and rtance of theLS l l for
our veterinary authority writes as fol- off the calves when. you ng He dds dead carcass demands. It isa very com-
ows: that feeding burnt corn was the only a n dvrjwilr .e and nr f uEO | t"
Murrainis pearance, 15; total, 100 point involves los unless other provision adace Dizziess. Con one Pellet after eac m ll ll were e. B
twhenthecowTispoor. The change f tompo of uleratio u of the howels.-Saratoga. ,ion to the coming pdrkero during m the "ITE OR I IN A L R P
extreme poet tloi ad gradhu ntre f The beef of all our improved beef spring summer and f:tll. an-lavisrh all
sb an adreeds isgood enough. It s exceleno U endon au and food on the maturing tew
h o n, prper care and eeri ad the moned fa, tiousthy 50. market is satis- weeks p Indian it ec g kllin b the time. e dhe
should keep him in good condition oated witheitherat of heat bran that direction the con uon practicee all over t ihe. Sou
past in regard to the size and quality e beef of either of the breedSouth is bring afford a lyucceive uppln the West, N. Y
the mares whi' hav D. e been used for doubt rica market than thsid erabl e bept-ic-iso, and-t ,hem from gs. .
A good grade colt three ears ofthld will e others. It brings a bette ofp ice theninta, a nd is onleyet pigs, the obhi-r R
sell Wolves or Grubs. adrulth a n scrub beef, and therefore, so he ingthe pork. eathriftye hgs ought to be
will defeat ucceas surely as i ay utter. W terdr gfar le lab tomady for th. 'e knife rapid and healthful of Pierc's Pellets, or LittP
other animal industry. rious and more at ry to ndut rqu the growth the earlier will this planinal Sug coated Gra les
A It t uants to e et eating varncius ways whichilbreed is the most attain the size and weight desired and l nor lm .
grub (very clear water will 'run [out. probable. But we may substitute either th cheaper thbe bacon. Thewheat a and -Sf-
Inmhree a r fnourm daysthe orif will be one of the improved breeds for our cowing- oand pasturell co g will sou n e open and
closed with a smaller scale; remove this aon cattle with the absolute certaitybf while the fallen and shattered grain and BEING ENTIRELY VEGET-ABLE Dr. iPierces Pellet operate without disturbance to the sR-stem
anof the farmers isn of the grub will aernc e to making a sture forin the right directionme- the grass will greatly help the growth diet, o ocuptio. Put p lass vialshermetiall sealed. Alway fresh ad reliable. s a
that. No perain and bulate the coutrouble.Havetowards bacon, we LAXATIE, LTEAT E, orU TIE, these little Pellets give the most perfect saisfactIon.
practiced this for years successthat fully. Ttak e value which competent judges ought to provide additional resources.nderfully to..of ,r.Count
willKerosene accomplish ad grease does not kill thea ug aveass ld is g ned te various features obut- The grain will soon be consumed and TVf"dg .WELa,&p Runcp. i was trouto l aith bofil fo un .
grub.-orday than a smou-tern ultivaor. ter is as follows: Flavor, 25; ktoeeping the grassoftenfalls under severedrought thiy yrts For" y1irs o I wasiso th ied with
faster gate. half dozen cows, ; act, no mor p-e work The hgs willreceive a ndustrchecky.which o rh r l ait l. touh twolbottles
Good bayearance, 15; total, 100 points, involves loss unless other provision is ot. "Pe a eracs eal Pur ae Pellwet andt. k
th firt winter, unless it. i a eed of -wereone.ye rich enough to produce a good crop. The old way of letting the henslay
b ran or oil meal ocThe Iown a Agrmicultural College hasr made. er che haystacks an Bilious that timeI had n bs, and are had none since. ave also
the followels in prpprcondition. Costive- larom made the following classification of the Thmore important it is for fence cornersmall t te trou wu hada WhenI felt coming on
ness must be avoided aim to keep his. milch cows up in high le new poultry industry. Ic has long S I J
Home and Farm': producers. Starting with 100 pounds of nuts, etc., from which daily rations of Pr A CASE OF CATARRH WHICH THEY CAN NOT CURE. .
pPrraPlE. srersPur tiuogare PeletP. in Mrs." by C. W. BRoafW, t a a i'i et, 67ao
teah r e breproper care TbHE)wrbrou t ques tio n the beat c.tbarct l oeer
Large, heavy boress are, in increased s. to kep hi customers, the farmer This new poultry industry is not of a C YMFTOMS OF f-ATARE| UNTOLDGoor | y-arslagot1 suffered untold agony aroa
codemand in the cities r heavy hauled exeringe is reckoned 50, timothy 50. barley 55which i muwhich the hogs my Lie turned t oot RM ATARR ro ale catsa. saetv of df hi
and no dyculty i found in readily reduce the ow of milk and to ngle nigtnly to wilt as oonas the u n a headache obstruction of the naral paot e -, dis- r Fr o se ovM. We hei ubsed nhem,
Some farmers will keep geldings on to a high standard of ricness, which it it is invetigated the lirmer it stands ucek un *r v-am in our famiyd n m n
should keep him in good cares would anser s, wheat 65do f, wheat bran cows, care giver for themselves. ig form cane, Indianrs and couh to clear thed throar, epcir toraion o t o eenivhe matter mo, the cure has b ten permanent."em
a good draft, horse would raise a colt pasture during a diought.-Plougbman, it foundation is bund t on a lock. ollrrd.: is catio f ne ithenta ern- C AoTIr S. z o aen d" kewertemin.,..
matured. chi-ken business" any ,oner, for it has the above-named symptoms are liKely to be present in any one A UNG AND times I could hardly breathe, and wat con-
Farmers have beeu very remiss in the hay 80. oil meal 145. rn stl an eaca ud arde. Thousands of cae annually, ithou mafcting ha h o U ttly hawrin and spcin, and for the
Farmers w usually nd it more 1 groaddiown to fruit from the orchard, will al Lboatmptomry cf WORLD'S EDPEN AnRY EcL AssOCLI N, the ou lt eight monte. coud not breathe through
past in regard to the size and quait of Summer dairying in the South is n afford austries successive supply of the very Buffal, N.Y. atarr -
the mares which have been used for doubt accompanied by considerable best ad most healthful fod for hogs.ure remedy or caarr now manfao
breeding most parts of the country. d- with friction, to the entifficue bodlty twican e sur- Cold wean the supply not favorabl the todemand, t wounding results and a permanent cure. t
A good grade colt three years old will mounted by thB judicious use of ice. e niug,C and is olly convenient for savo a o,
sell for $100, but shiftlessness andcruelty which will not cause any injury to the ing the pork. The ho:gs ought to be"
will defeat success as surely as in any bIutter. Wiuterdairvingis far less. 1abe- ready for the kni0e byr the iirst cf De-
other animal industry. rious and more satr isactor, hi ut rnreq s car mr. We firmly believe-r -, if this plan d
Colt wants to be kept eating and Im ak oflfeeding regularly and literalJy on the "'
fewSouthernah SfarmerLs can have or most naltiral ran coseuenlyheath
-except fattening, as long as ho lhas a u considerable chan ge in their ful foods be practiced, plenty' of clean l
that th country roads.e short,-aabasketfulofgrass, Ofxng anda pest ta it ow anti is
of the orfdthe eery-da th istoumblng L re -land and is short ol ps ure, or the feel guarded against, cholera-so-called-. I\*E.VI, I e .
frequently resorts to-the cheap stal on in t7,s fordany I
haperambulaestheoutyr morning to each-cow, may be fed to ad- '- -
Agood heavy team that will rake a vantage, and it helps wonderfully to I
good,'smooth steady gait and keep it up, keep uP the floW of milk;and if the n' 'i -
will accomplish a great deal more in a mo;iug field is near the barn it is but '-
day than a small team with a much little labor to cut grass enough to feedia --
CGood hay and oats is all a colt needs than it is to cutIrye or barley, if the laud Thee New Poultry Industry._z
the first winter, unless it- is a feed of be rich enough to produce a good crop. The old way of letting the liens lay
bran or oil meal occasionally to keep The nearer a farmer' lives to a city or about under the hay--stacks and in the I
the bowels in proppercondition. Costive- large town, the more important it is for fence corners, must go, and give way to
ness must be avoided, hinm to keep his mich cows up in high thre new putry industryv. It has long
It costs but little more to rake a colt condition, by feeding them duing the since been discovered that there is uo
which, when three or four years old-will summer, at the baun, nights and morn- roney in suchi treatment. and the farmer
,:jquent stops for rest or repairs. For the twice a day in his food.--Ex. American hen turn green with envy. : I CrI 50 I. Ii.L aned-heua tcrey.' Sh-snw.ihen.yasod.n o
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, JULY 20, 1887.
STAPLE -CROPS OF THE COUNTRY
AND THE AREA THESE OCCUPY.
'How to Make a Useful Plank Drag at a
Small Cost-All About the Cut Worm
andl How t6 Circumvent It-Classifica-
tion of Fowls.
There is but little land that is free
from cut worms, or few crops not subject
to their depredations. While cut worms
.are especially destructive to the corn
crops, they also greatly injure root and
garden crops.' Most farmers here had
experience -with these pests, which from
the time wlieu the earhe:t. shoots begin to
appear in the gar.len and field cause die-
.strniction by eatino off the tender stalks
fit the siu-face of rthe ground.
.CUT WORM :AD MOTH.
There seems, however; to exist some
-confusion in the minds of many concern-
-ing these worms, quite different species
being often designated under the common
:nameof cut. worm. For the benefit of
this class of readersrare here given illus-
trations that will make the identification
*of these pests a simple matter.
Cut worms are the caterpillars of moths
belonging to the night flying division, and
sometimes called May bettle or June bug.
When fully grown the grub or worm is
about an inch and a half long, of ash gray
-color, smoothly and greasy in appearance
-and plump And fat; the, back shows
numerous fine lines.
The moth lays its eggs In midsummer
-or early autumn in the ground. The
young soon hatch, and feed on grass or
weeds until cold weather, when they make
their way down into the soil to spend the
winter. They do but little injury id the
.autumn, but as soon as spring opens their
attacks become very noticeable. As the
parent insects appear to understand the
selection of suitable places in which to
-deposit their eggs, as also to avoid those
where their young would starve for food,
Sthe surest 'safeuard against the ravages
-of these and all other species that deposit
-their eggs in the ground is to starve them
-out by thorough cultivation previous to
putting in the crop, hence the practice of
plo1'wing up in the fall lands thathave be-
There are many so called remedies for
.-cut worm when -at work ;on growing
Plants. Some of these doubtless modify
somewhat the extent of their ravages, but
nothing effective, which is practiced on a
large scale, has been introduced. The
S most effective remedy, pchap', is the one
ugeested by Pr,-fessor Riley. Ttls con-
S 'sts in scattering over a field, fifteen or
iTenty feet apart, cabbage or turnip
3 9-,',grass or sod, that has been poq
S: ''. qi Paris green. These ie;ves ..r
gras, employed as bait f.:,r the worms, are
dipped inio a siution made by stirring a
tablespoonful of Paris green into a bucket
of water. It is claimed by correspondents
S who have tried the abore that two appli-
Scations, madr'at intervals cf two or three
cldavsq-wiive proved effectual, especially
when the applications are made in cloudy
The surer way of fighting these pests is,
however, with preventive. The most
.' systematic method is: First, to prevent
propagatio)n by making bhonfires in the
ever, g during the months -:.f July and
August, when the moths appear, and lure
themni to their own destructio'n. Then
during the autumn and early ,iuuter pl.:.w
up the soil and turn out the pests to the
S weather and the birds. While this will not
prevent destruction to crops this season,
it will be of great service another year,
and will repay all farmers who try it.
S Useful Classlfication of Fowls.
Allof our domestic fowls are useful,
S"but, in variing decrees or In different
S diitections. No classification upon their
usehil quiulties can be made which will
be. cormpnplto. The following, however, by
Thlie Podultry World, will be of value to
. Egg producers: Leghorns, Hambures,
Russians, Minorcas, BlackSpanish, Polish
Table f.)wls: Dorkings, Houdares, La
Fleche, Grames, Crevecours, Brahmas,
S General utility fvwls: Plymouth Rocks,
Wvyani:-ttec., Javars, DontnLiues.
Bat all .uch classiLficartiuns are far from
S complete, for s,.:me of the table fo;wls are
/ excellent layers and some of tLhe great egg
producers are fitted to satisfy the taste of
The Area Devoted to Leading Crops.
The tutal area of cultivated land widens
from year to year with new territory, but
the comparative area devoted to principal
crops, according to, The National Statis-
tician, reilly changes but little. It occa-
sionally occurs that the acreage devoted to
some of tie prinrcpal crops is unavoidably
largely augmented at the'expense of oth-
ers, as was the case with oats and corn
planted on extensive areas of winter
killed wheat, in 1885, but the nest
season w-il show the balance again natur-
ally adjusted. The present year has wit-
nessed this forced change, but only to a
j. limited extent.
New Jersey and Pennsylvania put nu-
merous fields of winter killed wheat
into corn and oats; while in Ohio the area
devoted to the latter grain is much en-
larged at the expense of both wheat and
clover injured by the winter. The New
England states show little variation in
the total area. In New York the increas-
ed importance of dairying and stock rais-
ing is gradually widening the breadth of
meadow and pasture land, though there
appears no diminution of cultivated area.
Tobacco, says.StatisUcian Dodge, is the
only crop the area of which is reduced
wherever grown. Atruling prices it is
FIcG. 2-PLANt DRAuS.
The planks are lapped, as this gives cut-
ting edlges to grind tip the clods. When
not in use, turn the drag edgewise against
a b.ree or on the nmrth side of a fence,
where it wvil be shaded. It. is best to
have two clerises placed] equidistant from
the cent,,r an-i about as far apart as half
the length cf the drag. A chain attached
to these, long enough to place the horses
some three fe-t from the drag, wUill make
it riun steadier than if the team were
hitched to the center.. ,
"Green prolific" is au excellent variety
of cucumber for pickling. "Short green"
or "gherkin" is ,iso go-.:d. "Early frame"
is another good kind for piclkling, espe-
ciallUy when young. Then there is the
"Benton pi,.-ling" cucumber, bred. alout
Boston for pickles. The West India gher-
kIui or -iiu"r is used only for pickies. Cu-
cumbers for pickles may be grown as a
second crop. The cncuumbers are pre-
served. for winter and spring use by salt-
Lag. Make a brine strong enough to float
a potato; place in a barrel or keg and
keepl, the pi-kles tinder this b-,rne; pour off
the brine occasionally and scald; then
cool and put on the pickles again. Wheu
wanted for use scoop out the pickles; place
in fresh water and keep changing the
water until the pickles are fresh; then
put them in vinegar, -spiced to sit the
unremunerative in New England and
Pennsylvania, and a considerable portion
of its area is being devoted to small crops.
Maryland, Virginia and North Carolina
show a heavy decline, the area in the first
state going to grass, and in the others to
grass and the spring cereals together.
Some counties in these states report that
the acreage will fall off 50 per cent., and
in some cases even more. The falling off
in Tennessee 4nd Kentucky is general,
though not so heavy, the area being given
to miscellaneous crops.
The southern states show the' usual in-
crease in cotton acreage, with perhaps a
greater extension of the cereals than usu-
ally. In the Carolinas the increase is this
year in corn, wvhid-in Georgia the area of
that cereal is much divided by the poor
stand and prospect of oats. Louisiana
and Mississippi are raising more oats, and
TaXns has largely increased her area of
corn as well as cotton Several corespond-
ents in Arkansas remark that planters are
finding no money in cotton at six and
eight cents* per pound and are devoting
more room to both corn and oats.
There is but little general change in
wheat acreage, the seeding of- some- areas
to grass, and other crops in the older states
'being balanced by fresh lands in others.
In the states of the central west it is per-
haps narrowed somewhat, while, in the
northwest and transmississippi states the
deficiency is .made up. In Iowa and Mis-
souri corn has gained this year at the ex-
pense. of wheat and in the latter -state of
meadows injured by the severe winter.
More than the usual attention seems to
be devoted to the use of flax, the area be-.
ing reported as increased in some coun-
ties in New York, Michigan and states of
The states and territories into which the
tide of immigration 'is -steadily pouring
show marked increases in the total culti-
vated area, though the portions devoted to
the principal crops are not materially
Usat and Mouse Proof Seed Bags.
A correspondent in Prairie Farmer uses
wire netting, such as is employed in the
manufacture of window screens, to make
bags for seed. These bags are made by
folding the edges and hammering a three-
eighth inch wide seam down firmly. No
sewing is needed. Seeds can be put into -
these bags while yet moist, if too many
are not bunched together, as they will dry
as well as on paper. These wire bags are
both rat and mouse proof.
S A Good Plank Drag.
Oneof the most valuable implements on
a farm, the cost considered, is a good
plank drag. It accom-hhes more work
than either the roller or the harrow can
do. The further i,.il is removed from a
virgin state, the greater is the need for
thorough pulverization; this is especially
true of clay .ols, and plank drags are ad-
mirable instruments for doing the work.
A good time t, use a plank drag Is as
soon after plowing as the soil is dry
enough to crumble.
.-able, as the watei _..
**r. igji it "I.' I lue:.:' -r '. -
-. .- -' -
riO. 1-PLANK DRaGS.
A correspondent in Rural New Yorker
gives the following instructions about
making drags: A one horse drag made of
four two inch planks wiUl be heavy enough.
If made of one inch boards weights must be
added. For two horses I ute f,-ur boards
one foot wide, two inches thick and ten
feet long. When the driver rides, this is
heavy enough. When used to cover grass,
turnip or flax seeds, it. is heavy enough of
it-elf. For four horses, for use on wheat
and corn land, five two inch planks, six-
teen feet long and one foot wide, will be
about right. With one team at. each end
of this, four acres an hour can be put into
the best possible condition for the wheat
drill or the corn planter. These drags are
made in two ways-by spiking the planks
to pic-ces of four by four inch scantling, as
in the first cut, or by bolting the planks-
together, as in the second cut.
-- , ,.2 , -x.-. .. .,........
THE AVERTED DUEL
Charlie Knickerbocker and Gus Snob-
berly are two New York dudes. They
live on Fifth avenue, and belong to sev-
eral fashionable clubs. They are just as
dudey as it is possible for a dude to be.
It was difficult to determine which of
the two was the most complete dude by
looking at them.
:Cornelia Highkicker was an actress.
'She occupied an elegant fiat. She dressed
very elegantly and elaborately when she
was off the stage.
.- An elderly lady, a sort of duenna, lived
with Cornelia. This female companion
was a highly respectable personage to look
at. When several gentlemen called she
was always present in the parlor to pro-
tect Cornelia and her reputation. When
there was only one gentleman in the par,
lor Cornelia did' not require any protec-
tion. She herself was equal to -the emer-
gency, so the duenna kept herself out of
sight. What had Corn. hlia to fear from
one man and he a dude like Snobberly or
Both Charlie Knickerbocker and Snob-
berly loved Cornelia, and each believed
that he alone was loved by the fair Cor-
One day Charlie Knickerbocker saun-
tered unexpectedly 'in the boudoir of Cor-
nelia. Then he did something recoiling
with horroir.. She was sitting on a chair.
So was Snobberly. It was. the same chair.
They did. not invite the intruder to take a
"Ha, faithless, cweatue,'? said Snob-
"You get out of heah or I'll telephone
for a policeman," replied Kn'ie'eri"ii: ker,
glaring at Snobberly as if he was a ticer.
Cornelia fainted. --
"This demands blood, beelud, sir," said
Cornelia revived, giggled and then went,
off into a fresh swoon.
"Pistols at 5 o'clock at the Bear's den
in Central park, said Snobberly, remem-
bering there was always a policenian min
that vicinity. .
"I'll be there," replied Knickerbocker.
They rushed out into the fresh air. Cor-
nelia came to and giggled profusely.
That evening Snobberly and Chnrlie
were in the same box at the theatre aud
gazedat Miss Highkicker on the stage.
They di'l r :.t ltetiry any emotion. (Good
society in New York has its rules and reg-
ulittiih' -l-i,:h no true gentlerman violates.
They di'd.l not make a scene. The per-
frnianrice ias over. An hour later Snobh-
berly -n- -tru:.iing up Broadilay. He over-
took a g.ntleman. It. was Charlie Knricker-
,bocker. Tb.:- f-ormer Damon anl Pythirias
of New Yorli dude society walked side by
side fo:r lome mome-nts wi-thout saying
anything. No doubt. they were thinking
about pistols next morning in Central
park at the hear's den. Finally Knicker-
z n-c': vc n.ig'.'"- .- ...- "
"Y '-, rephEd Suol.berly; "'the west-
er '., ie -cr-r.i yeste'-day, as The
Herald ttoreea.ta: i ntimatel it would do, to
the lakes, wit-. h'ilh southe:.- ,y winds
off the Atlantic coast. The st.:.ram is now
central north of Lake Ontario, whenrce it
will move to-day no,-rtheastwardly. Tem-
per:ttire rose yesterday in the United
State_- with a minimum ,f six de-rees
below zero at Lacrosse, Wis., and a max-
imrumn of 7i at Key West. In thjs city
and suburban districts to-day warmer,
cloudy to partly cloudy weather
will probably prevail, preceded by
lilit rain near the enast, and
followed in the afternoon by clearing
conditions and a slight fall of temperature.
In the middle stat--. and New Engla.nd,
warmer, cloudy to partly cloudy weather
will prevad, preceded by hght rmuin and
followed by clearing, cooler conditions in
the former, except ighht saows ne-ar the
lakes. On Tueslaiy in this city and sec-
tion and in New En-land slightly colder,
partly cloudy to fh'r whether will prob-
ably prevail followed by fair to clear con-
ditions, ani on Wednesiday fair' weather,
with stationary followe-dI by rising tem-
perature. Dar,zerous southerly to south-
easterly wales iiu probably prevail on the
New England ,oast till noun to-day. The
"cold wave" in the northwest will prob-
ably not bLie severe on reaching this eec-
"Mr. Snobbeily, tlihanear presence of
death sho,:,ili.l make us 'concdiatory, ye
know. Let's gO into this list class estab-
lishment and take a parting drink."
"I'll ', it. To-morrow both of us may
be in the .rold cnibra'-e of death. Let us
take a parting drinkk"
"Anvil 'iii.: fried oyster-.,"'
"Anrd i,.me fried oysters."
A fewn- minutes later they sat in in cfr
the litti!: bI.s, which aire arran,:,i suome-
what on th.--cell system." The inmates are
safe fi:m intr.sioni and not liable to he
di-t'.Irbctl by outside-rs.
Cr-arlIe Knickerloclker was just about
to insert a -ried oyster into lhs opeu
mouth. Hie piuseld, and held the oyster
poi-ed in midair. There was somEl.ody in
the next b-:x. They heard a ca'rigle. Both
duties put down their oysters and list-eued-
There was no mistaking that giggle They
had heard it a thousand times beI'fre. It
was the Corn-lia Highki,:ker giggle.
There w2s also a deep, manly voice mixed
up with the giggle.
"That's the wice of Jake-Oppen-
heimer," whispered Snobberly.
"That rich Sheeny I've seen you with
Money is powerftd. The eagle bird on
the dollars is a favorite fowl ridh most
people. Oppenheimer had lots ot eagle
Snobbery rind Charlie Knickerbocker,
the two dceall:, enemi.s, v,-ho, n a few
hosrs 'ire oto" tlip around 11 rent gore,
plated a tabic against the partition, and
st.ndinron it ".'eepedl over into the nest
box. Then they looked at each other,
and the fierce vlare of deadly hate faded
away as. oftly and gently as the New
York city fund invested in the Marine
bank faded out of sight.
Oppeinheimer was almost speechless
with laughter. Cornelia was telling him
about the prospective duel between -the
- They were amazed. They could hardly
believe their eyes. They descended from
the table,, paid their bill and went out into
the fresh air. .
'"We will not shoot each other "
"Never; forgive me, Chaji:." .
"Forgive me, Gus." "
They were clasped in each other's
"Let us reform. Let us join the Ad-
vent mission services."
"'All tiight. .\ rid let ai' C,.ILa ."-, crTor
to ieh',at: thet;r ':ral .tatuii. of th,..-ttrical
people."-Alexander E. SiVee. in Texas
Two Ladles Make a Bet.
Two ladies and a gentleman were con-
versing in the postoffice corridor yesterday
afternoon when a peculiar looking man
passed along. He wa-a blow the medium
height, of spare figure, with long, straight
hair, that hung far down his shoulders
and a countenance that showed the
scholar's pale cast-of thought H:. was
dressed in a well worn suit of bl.ick, wore
a hich si:u'ich.l- hat afind carried a tmaill
valiie in his hand. .
"I'll bet thit. man is one of our cele-
brated ftpo-rt," aid o-n, of the ladies, going
into raptures ove-r the queer little man.
"I woul"in't I.e -Uurl.pri'-ei if it. was Sted-
man, Ge.gh.egan or Stoddard." -
"I'll take that bet," replied the other,
playfully pulling her purse out of her reti-
cule. "I am sure the man is. an artist,
and will wager you a pa'-kaie of cara-
The bet was recorded and the ladies del-
egated their companion to decide the dis-
pute for them. It was rather a delicate
piece of business, and the man was in a
quandary how to act. He tried to talk
the liadis oiat of their dispute, and even
offered- to pay for the caramels himself,
but they were so determined that neither
would give in. The man walked up to
the straunir, hesitated a moment, twirled
his mustache meditatively and saiid: '"You
must excuse me, sir, but the two ladies
whom I just left were so impressed with
your distinuithbed appearance that. they
made a little. wager as to your profession.
Would youn mind informing me whether
you are a poet or an artist:"
"Appeara.nces are deceptive in this
world," replied the odd little man, smil-
ing pie-i.'itly. "While I am neither a
pet nor an artist, mTy calling in life is no
less important. I have here," placing the
vah-.e on a shelf and producing a small
box, ".an invention of my own which I
guaarantee will remove all corns and
bunions. Thank you, sir; here's my card,
Eo you'll know where to.fdnd me when you
want somfie more."
The bet was declared a draw, but the
ladies went home with their pockets full
of corn plasters.-New York Sun.
Tragic Death of a Joarnalsit.
Perhaps you have read AMbert Millaud's
account -f the death of Camille Farcy, a
correspondentt _._w.ho. -acccumpanied_ _the-
French expedition in Algiers. The com-
miander was a martinet who hated news-
papersTnd newspaper men.. -He compelled
the coiiesponnt -'it' .' .' ,- ..'lr ::.ant
which made theirmisi:',u irfitless. Farcy
signed it under protest, and announced
that he should elude the censorship, if
possible, accepting the penalty as a matter
of course. A spy was set upon him. In
le's than a week a letter was intercepted.
It continued criticisms on the general. A
court martifil was summoiued. Farcy
made no defense. The verdict was brief:
'Camille Farcy is condemned to be shot
at 0 in the morning "
He was taken to Tunis for execution.
The train arrived at 5:30. A ball was in
progress it the governor general's house.
He asked Farcy if be could do anything
for hint befor'-e he died.
"Yes," he replied, "I would like to have
a waltz before I die."
The governor introduced him to his
daughter. At 0 he bowed to the guests.
He was conducted to the guard. He re-
fused to have his eyes bandaged, and de-
manded permission to give the word of
"May all journalists do as I have done,"
said he, "it is theirduty," and folding his
armnis he cried:
A crash of muskets and he was dead.
Rather too theatrical, we may say, but we
cannot deny the fellow's pluck.-Lynn R.
Meekins in Baltimoire American.
Mlan, Womanu and Home.
"The difference," said Miss Clara Mor-
ris, the actress, "between a man and
a woman is very often exemphfed in their
preparation of a home. The man makes
up his nun-i that he w-ll have a home in
the country and the delights of nature.
His wife rather prefers to live in the city,
fearing that she may have her lonely
hours. However, the man, as usual, pre-
vails, and they obtain the country house.
In the coui'se of a few years the woman
falls in love with her home and is per-
fectly coutented there. The man goes on
building, nimasking improvements, fix54g
the pliaca up, and when he has got it all
done and there is nothing more to do, his
interest in the place ceases. The woman's
interest begins when the consummation is
reached. The man being a mere creature
cf action, pines and is bored to enter into
a state of rest.-"Gath" in Cincinnati En-
Finlanders iu Washington Territory.
There is a community of Finlanders in
Slikatat. county, Washington territory,
and they are a most industrious folk.
When there is a new addition to the cam-
omuniry from Finland the settlers gather
together and in a few days build a house
and fence a farm for him.. There is no
season in which they are idle. During.the
run ofsalmon they work at-the canneries
and'fish wheels. When winter.comes they
are in the timber, cutting rails, posts and
One Way of Feeding Skim MBilk."
Eastern dairymed have found it a good
plan to feed fresh skimmed milk- -and
buttc-rmilk together to cows. -This is con-
sidered a" profitable way of utilizing the
skimmed mili_, only, to render it effective,
the skimmed milk must not be too old
... ,.---.-' .,-.:.-jS'SS ."SSR
-A MEXICAN PYRAMID. a narrow pas-sgestiil penetrates, ard it is
lined with adobe, but it has the appear-
...ance of having been opened from without,
A W IT TO THE FMOU UND rather than of having been built in the
A VSIT TO THE FAMOUS MOUND process of erection of the pyramid.-Cho-
: OF CHOLULA. lula (Mex.ico) Cor. San Francisco Chronicle.
: Band Leader Gilmore's Baton.
'Is It of Artificial or Natural Orlgin?-A P 5. Gilmore's baton is made of a light,
Difference of-Opinlon-Secret Idolatry dry wood, that will give a distinct, sharp
of the Mexican- Indians-Visit 'to a sound when rapped agaimrst the stand.
Cav .7. i. With it he gives the most minute instruc-
Cae.tions to the musicians before him. A rap
The original dimensions of the pyramid for attention, a wave to commence, all
-of Cholulti are unknown. Its pre.enli -eyes -of the band are alert to catch the
height is 54 raetres-177.16 feet-which is siightest movement of the magce wand,
as I to 8 to its base length of 43w meters. for h emery motion is an order t.o them -
I .i w .h i.. to begin, to cease to plyv soft and low or
Itis built with exact conormty to the loud and strong every ote anli epres-
cardinal points of the compass, and I sion is'the result of ome dert movement -
have seen it stated by some old Spanish of the twig hike baton. Gilmoi-re has them
writer-Sahagun, I .believe-:-that from a made to order aidt buyTs them by the
chamber within a passage led out at the 'dozen, for he wears out one in two or
preciLe au2le of tee inclihaton c-L the three concerts. By the constant rapping
North star, a3 in the pyramids of the east. the end of th- s.tick becomes battered and
SAsto the origin of Cholula it is known frayed, ani then it is toised aside; its
to be older than the fortifications of Tlas- magic power is gone.- .. .
c-ila, arnd a DImnic'an mionk who visited Tfui season Git,,fcre treok --with him to
the -pot in l1.i.6 c-Lrorum,:led the following Manhattan Bcach b .ii) s-par-te pieces of
tralirtin, tol. by the Indians: Before the music. The day before the open c three
gre-t rl.o:,d, which took place 4,i) years s,:,.id t,:,n' of sheet musc were packed in
after the creation, Anahuac was inbat-jbit.d tventy-eisht dry goods boxes f-:.r hLipment
by a race ot agints, ttome_-of whom perished to h i.-ach. 'TO make this library of -
in the deluge, and some were transformed music of any value it. has to :.e- properly
into tiches Some o:f them reta'tined their assrtoed, arranged and indexed, which
oricinil f-orm, and fled into caverns on alone requires the services of two .compe-,
Tliaioc, a muountam some thirty miles westi tent men. New music is constantlybeing
of Ch-ioiula, nThih was ascended i.ompara- added to the collection, and to cbpy and
nvelyv -f late by two Acericans, who arrange this for the use of the hand re-
reachied the top with exceeding difficulty, quires the constant employment of three,
fuiir-li there the remains, of-extensive and sometimes four and fire per-ons.-
vwaiUi running north and south, as well as New York Cmniercial Advertiser.
a number of, sm-iil imnages and htrdi sof
clay. Wh,:-n the wv-aters had sul.-idedc oue Yon Could Not Fool Him.
of the seven Selhua, surnamed "the Sunday school teachers need to exercise
Ar,.hir-ct" went to Cho.lai, where, in. caution and stick to facts when instruct- :
memory of therefuge cn Tialoc, he erected ing their classes, or they will be tripped
the tirt. itial hill o~r F'rainiid, n-hieh he igtercass rte ilb rpe
hae brit.fcial hill or pyrm the vallhiey of Tlal- up. I'For instance, a young miss, who has
manalo bi at the foot f Sierra Covotly For a class of small boys, was yesterday re-
manaltheir conveyance the foot of Sierrula he placed For hearing the story of the flood and said:
their conveyance to holula he placed "Just think, it rained a whole year, and
file of men to pass them from hand to te entire earth wascovered with water."
hand Thegcd becme eragd atthethe entire earth was ,covered with water."-
and.r The gods became enraged atI the One bright youngster eyed her keenly/aS
presumption -manifested in erecting an he listened intently to her, and, as, thiS
elh cIe whlaoe top w.s to reach theclouds, last statement was made, he exclaimed -
na.I they hurled frie upon, it, deatro..ing "oh, go on, it must have frozen oversome
numbers otf w..rkmen, so that the under- of the time."-Buffalo Courier.
takinri -'-as al:nulone'Iel.
The pyramid, with a teocalli built upon Farm Items.
Its umiutit, was afterward] dedicated to a tes'
Quetzaoatl, the feathered serpent, iiGod 'The aniount of salt used in the prize
o tt priest butter exhibit at the New York dairy fair
o i t hAb Ar." This was an a ncien prices t 3 w
an,. king of Anhutac, adored for the san-c- w sitrprin ly uniform in all the sam-
tity of his daily life, and for the pilgrim pies. ; ;
agles he made, wAlking barefoot over afres The lactorite, a new apparatus for test-
oI thorny cactus and the sharp spiny ing milk, particularly with regard to its
leaves of the ma.uey. Tired of the emp- value for butter', Is the invention of De
tiness of his life-, he went to Coatzacoalo. Laval, also the inventor of the centrifugal
and cbscippear-d from the knowledge of separator which b-ars his name, and is
his p.:ople. This wnr "The Fair God"- designed to be used with the latter.
for Quetzacoatl was white-whose return I The Northwestern Miller says that only
was 'o long foretold, and for his coming, nine out of twenty-three fl-ur'" mills are
so maii., generations of the Aztecs looked rmn, in and abut inneaos on ac-
lovingly and longingly toward the eastern running in and about inn of wheap at oin
oC.ean Ayel and they watch st-ilI For, rributarv to'that market, at -pi -s
we who know the Mexican Indians well, y to-
know that they cherish still their olden Western farmers say that if they apply--_
-fairb, t- whir h-they have c-lung through- petrole urn-to their seed corn-it prevents -
centuries of servitude and the cruel dim- its disturbance by birds and squirrels and
Inatiorti of the Spanish. does not injare the corn or retard its ger-
Often and often I have watched them mination.
un-l ein -'-.r s -u; i O itn-r-r, wor a-
i I:. L I ~ h'. itgli_ -'t*L": '.! '["'Q "fi .-'- 1 2'' S 'i'-a ,.i..- i,'n d.jr srdl tw en >- t i'" ',- .
images with the identfitv of the old AZ'tec A good zl-.c. e of tbe, ii,0et. -I"-
divinities. On the day of Guadalupe and A advo-cate ot free access's to salt for
other rLd letter days in the religious cal- sheep says they will not, overeat, as when
endar they execute m the naves and th salted only occasionally but free ly.
atria of certain churches ceremomous
dances that cheat the priests before their Bees give a valuable product anud cost
very eyes; for it is not in the form alone little for keeping beyond providing shel-
that these dances resemble those of the ter.
days before the conquest. And in theirI Bagging grapes while small as shot is .
own homes they offer, sacrifices to the generally conceded to be an excellent
dead and perform other rites of the old lan.
faith. Leave them tothemsevesa twelve- roide animals In pasture with shade.
month-even less-and the sacrificial fires
wonlil smoke again upon their altars and The Bravest Man of All.
priestly hands reek with blood of palpi-
tatic z hearts torn from their victims. But the bravest man of all, the onewho
To-return: The pyramid of Cholula has the best and most unimpeachable
undoubtedly adits origin fro theright and claim to courage, is the man
Totncs or the Acoihuans, oince the auc- who, to shield and protect others, accepts
ceedug nation, the Aztecs, found Cho- open insult and submits unanuirmaringly
to cPncnsrsiics n idgiy
Iolan there when they came into the tpen cens haure, tri tneism and indignt army,
country, about 1190. But as to its struc- Th 's harder than royheading an ardemy,
trIamrnc.destly prepared to take bsu attler than wearing a royal crown, harder
Lire I am e deftly prepared to take issuerthan preaching truth and right to a gen-
with ev.ry writer but one. Col. Albe ration of fools. In a my life have
S. Evans, in his "Sights and Adventures tnown of but one such man, and though
in Mexico," advanced the theory that nIever have met him I revere him as a
C'hoiala is not an artlincal mound, save in
modification and adaptaticalon. He did no god; and yet the world would question
niodia o nd adaptation He did not b my sanity if I wrote his name where it
care enough for his idea to flight for it.,hbelongs, high up n e L listpf l.ieroefs.--
averred, and yet it is wellU worth defend- North American Review. he o.
in g. .
All over the valley of Mexico and the N A
suri:-undani districts abound cone shaped Driven Wells.
hills of less or greater height, an apt ilus- The United States supreme court has
tration being Malinche itself, near to Cho- determined that the real inventor of
lula, arnd it is Evans' opinion that. the drive wells has such a property in his in-
abor,,;ines chose one of these natural vention as gives him, or persons claiming
mounils, and cut it away into pyramidal under him, the exclusive right to use It,
form, with the four terraces whose traces and that the reissued patent recognizing
still remain, facing it with. adobes, that this state of the case is valid. Everybody,
soon became sssimdated in a concrete therefore, must accommodate himself -to
mass. He says, and very justly, that the law as thus laid down. Nelson
there is in sight no depression from the Green's patent, however, will not last
general level, as naturally would be the forever, and when it rans out the people
case had there been mniade an excavation will be in possession of a means of get-
such as would result from the removal of t-mg water that revolutionizes this impor-
so enormous a quantity of earth, taut service.
On the other hand, between the great
pyramid and &he town is another, vastly Packiag Eggs tor Shipment.
smaller, and an oblong pile of earth, quad- Considerable experience.has taught us,
rangular, wv-ith precipitous sides, both of says Orange County Farmer, that excel-
which may. readily have been formed sior tthe. fine, soft shavings used by up-
from the earth cut away from the mound bolsterers in packing furniture) is the best
in terracing. Then, to my mind, a strong material in which to wrap eggs for ship-
argument hes in the non-symmetry of the meant, and that a light basket Is the best
pile, which i; as I have said, very much package iu which to ship'them. Twenty- ~
steeper on one side than on the others, six .eggs. weighing, four pounds, can be,
Moreover,- my ytung guide had gradually packed.in a cubical cedar basket holding
gathered a retinue of little brothers and but a little over a peck, and after a heavy
chums, idol vendiers, and they, .won over canvas cover is sewed on the wholelaffair
by my glib patter of their language, and need not, should not, weigh over seven
my arbitrary settling of their-disputes, pounds, and .wi-h reasonable care will go
volunteered, to conduct meto a cave-in the from Maine to California without break-
mound not visited by tourists. "g." _____
At considerable risk to my only neck I ~
wriggled around the shoulder of the hill In the Strawberry Country.
to the etittrance, behind some chaparral, In the-strawberry regions of NewJe- .J -
and-crawul.ed. in, and the appearance of the sey a cigar box is nailed- to a tree close to
passage wts not favorable to the theory of the roadside In front of-every farm house.
artificiality. In makmg a cutting for the It is placed there to receive the latest quo-
tramway the workmen laid bare a square tations for fruit. "These- quotatious are
chamber, its roof sustained by cypress telegraphed from fhei-leadlng cities.three
beams; within were several idols carved times a day, and are 'disribted .bymes-
from' basalt, a number of 'painted vases Bengers- mounted on bicycles.- The.. fruit
-and the remains of two bodies. 'No -par- grower determines -by .the.nquotations
ticular care was taken of these relics and whether he'will ship his day'f.'picking.-
they were lost. Into the smaller pyramid -Chicago Timnes. -' ..*-.": "
rT-, Tf A r A AIv-R AN-T' TRTTTT (-ROWEI. JULY 20. 1887.
232 I? nun '- n rzi
a t sixty crates of oranges to Liverpool, a hurry, in time to take a good survey of
J17UY idUiU t England. He paid 65 cents per box his iatanio majesty, as we passed within
freight to New York, and 25 cents per ten feet of him. He didn't give an inch
box from there to Liverpool, making 90 for the boat, either. A huge flattened
State Newsin Brief. centsfreight. The sixty crates netted him mass of fish and fins, at least ten feet
$125 after paying all charges. This -across, with a mouth like a bushel bas-
-Marion county will make an aver- would make Liverpool a better market ket and fully as large.. The monster s
age crop of corn this year. than the Northern markets have aver- brought to our mind all the stories of c
-The tobacco crop now being cut at aged..-Kissimmee Leader. "sea-serpents" we had ever heharli,. and tn
-'Arcer poves o bevery ine.we concluded that we would rdrh'-r ee(-t t
Archer proves to be very fine. a sall "sea sepent" than a lagdevil- I
-A union depot is to be built at San- ON THE SOUTHERN COAST. a small "sea serpent" than a large devil- Io
ford soon by the railroads centering there. fish, at any time when in a small boat. 0
orsonby the rilrods cetern the. s-~mvP~~Ri The long lines of palmetto trees fring- t
-The plant for the new electric light Diary of a Summer Cruise in gThe lng beach fare ttgiving trplacefr to It
system in Pensacola has been purchased. Florida Waters. stretches of white sand and sea-oats. if
-A tree near Lake City is said to have -- Stump Pass is behind us, opposite which, bt
thirty bushels of LeConte pears on it. BY P. W. REASONER. on the eastern side of Kettle Harbor, we f:
'=IfKe-y West's abCrtesian well is down -caught the glimpse of a new roof, Grove h
-1,000 feet, and no watesian well ihas been ob-wn CHAPTER I. City on the Gulf. Here is Kettle Harbor I
tain0ed., FROM MANATEE TO PUTNTA RASSA-INOI- pass, with the channel, a long line of t
-The Chipley Times has a beet 22J DENTS OF BOAT LIFE. blue water, following close along the i
Shape" Prmi "--:-ara Soa Bybeach to the southward for nearly a half e:
inches in circumference weighing nine Sharie Permit"-Sara Rota Bay,mile while directly in front of it are ex- t
.pounds. June 13, 1887.-It see s to us that we pensive flats. "Little Gasparil" in sight, i
-Milton Santa Rosa county, has would not like to cruise in water and Through "Little Gasparil" and into ,t
shipped over 40,000 pounds of wool this weather not warm enough to permit one Charlotte Harbor. Down the bay all the 1
s pea ov to be around in shirt sleeves, with slouch afternoon with a brisk breeze which.
season. "0 f hat and bare feet. Even dire forebod- towards night, becomes half a gale, and
-A woolen factory is reported to be ings of the blood-thirsty mosquitoes we the deck is drenched with spray, Oppo- a
among the possibilities at DeFuniak are to encounter, do not possess half the te Boca Grande a large schooner is c
Springs. terrors that the mere thought of a waiting to go out o lar the schtide. Now we r is c
-A gentleman at Crown point, near northerr" would present. But the waiting to Islandgo out on which arethe tide. Now we
Oakland, netted $400 from an acre of "squally," threatening clouds of theass thge Iscooa-palm trees, nowhich are the twohigh a
thelacocoa-palm$4trees, anowcthef high "
cabbages. "rainy season" are quite different from lgw banks of Useppar, then into more t
-Tomatoes to the number of 128 on theflying scudsthat betoken a northerr," ypen water, with occasional 'puffs" and t
one vine is what S. J. Frost, of Merritt's and the quarantine flag at the mouth of openlls until aodark we anchorunder
Island, has produced. the river shows us, too,, that it is sum- "squlee of a small island in sightof Sani-der
-The task of cleaning out the Withla- mer in Key West, at any rate. bel light. e
coochee from the Gulf to Pemberton's While we are pulling off shoes and b l
Ferry is contemplated, stockings, we will make you acquainted June 15.-Under way at 4.80. Break-
-The assessment of Volusia county with captain and crew : Captain Culbert fast over and dishes washed at 5.80. A e
will show an increase of over half a mfl- ;of Sharpie" Permiit", than% hom noone brisk breeze, but nearly "dead ahead."
lion dollars in valuation over 1886. is better acquainted with every island, Both sails reefed. We run .-lse to St.
lio peach ro v o ov i s8d-ank, mud dfat and' inlet of the James. with it lb,g store and hotel, Ilng
-The peach crop of Columbia has coast of Southern Florida, from Cedar whart and in coniimn with all other f
" been very good this year, and the later Keys around to Cape Florida ; your hum- Florida t-wr. brell-ant future. Then n
varieties are ripening in luscious abun- ble servant, P. W.R., comprising crew. we bat down San Crl ha a long
dance. leg andant the a. hor compgsin pat.:nie
dance. "passenger and general nuisance, rousta- lew and then a short I ," past anibl i
: -An effort is being made to have the bout, cook, chief bottle-washerand grand liltlouse, beguiling the time by recall- f
main line of the Florida Southern run master of the cente-board. i g funny remini.Scencel of former i
through Micanopy instead of having a Once well underway, with Shaw's cruises. Hlre ait Sauilel. twO' vears ago, t,
spur as at present. Point, and the Manatee Riverleft lbhnud, a laughableinclent occurred. Threeft
-The quaranine hasbeenraised at all thecook begins a general cleaning up the party hal gnie aho ere it Collect i
pointsin Brevard county except at the and stowing away, and takes acureoc shels on the outside beach near thel
station at nludian River fInlet. This will inventory of "grub" on board; hard- lighthouse, in the littleskiff, leaving the
be kept up. tack, hants, beans. ri-c. onions, potatoes, captain at anchor with the "Permit" in
-A number of prominent citizens of bread and butter, ,ffee. half a bushel of mcuid channel, the tide havingjust turned t
-Isumtercjar out.. The aftenoo wa spent^ en^ the^^
Tampa have formed. a company for the potatoes. cabibages. a tour-gallon jar of O ut. The afternoon was spent on the s
purpose of building a railroad'between saetei kraut ,she of or anest beach, and Jut before dai
that point and Clear n-atcr.e elagr of hlackberry jelly, four pnunc and plunder. we boarded the skiff and
of tol..accorthe last two tetus for the tactted enht for headquarters'. When
-A Sumter county farmer will house captain's table exclusively eggs, sugar about a thiilof the war out to tie boat,
this year about 2.0e.11) bushels ,ef corn, and other trimmings. a jar of mother's the party who was rowing began tobe l
forty to fifty barrels of sugar and syrup, ..chw-chw," and a peck of "dough- conscious of the fact that the tide was
and 2,e000 pounds of pork. nuts" from the same source dried apples running out at a fearful rate. PiU as
-Active measures are being taken by and blackberries.ant a dozen 25-pound hard as he woold or could, the skiff was
many of the Cedar Key people to encour- watermelons. "Do you think. (ul., we drifting out to sea. Straining every I
age and hasten the building of the Su- can stand it till we get to Collier't ?' miskcle at the oars, he could just barely i
wanee and Gulf Railroad to Branford. .A little before 14 o'clock we began to keep the skiff in the same position, but
There were fifty entrances of ocean get dinner. Perhaps the cook was a lit. not make an inch of headway. The jolly
going craft, into Pensacola harbor dur- tie -'ru. )" in cookery, as he has not had old -salt" on tie "Permit" was laughing
ing the month of June. The clearanes to practice the art f6r several months; intolerably sti our arou nd, and webut sonaw him
:. for the same period were forty-uine yes- perhaps the wood was all wet, as it had he -ga ito stir around. and w..e water, him
sels of all classes. rained steadily during the two previceuS throw- a stick of usood into tI'.e water, t
-Mr. Ira J. ,Carter. of Judson, Levy days and nights; perhaps wet button- with the end of a rope attached. This
t. IraiyCarteg i otton- o e- wood is not the best of kindling-wood, came floating down the current towards
county. 6s yet, -ginnting coio u~.U. the- .=1..:; 1 ..I-.,t- ngw "lt.
crop o*At year. He has been running eefleif assisted hy liberal apphcatlpions sta e
his'gins almost steadily since last Oc- kerosene; perhaps Lhe wind blew down an lengthening the line la where he
tober, and he has forty to fifty bales yet the hatch. and perhaps the stove smoked ot all that quantity of rop a always 1
uto gin. netil the cook took refuge on deck ,-and a mystery y to us afterward, until finally
czerhaott there was an overdose of old the stick floated down 'within reach of
--The corn crop of Polk county is bet- grease plates and trying pans to crean the skiff, and one of uti-pearly upset it
ter this year than it has beeit for a long up before they could be used ; perhaps In Our desperation tu get hold of the end
time before. A gentleman who ha-, for Lhis aned nerhl-,sns chat at ti.y rate; it of the rope. Then, with shaking sides,
years farmed in Middle Geot-gia, says he was just 15 minutes alter 3 when the po- the skipper pulled us in, but he has never
has never yet seen anythuig to heat the tatoes. hamni and coffee were served-still since given us a chance Lo forget how
corn he has raised in Polk county this not too late to have it fully appreciated, near we came passing the night out on
S year, for who could ever eat enough who went the Gulf in the skiff.
-Colonel G. A. Karweise, a civil cruising? Another of the omnipotent quarantine 6
engineer of large experience, and repre- While we are still slipping along flags floats from the buoy at Punta
seating aconsiderableamoiuntof capital, through Sara Sota Bay, and before the Rasse, which place, by the way, has not
is in Pensacola for the purpose of investi- moce serious business of our trip com- enlarged much during the past few
gating thle feasibility ot establishing a mences, it is perhaps a fit time todescant years, its one house and warehouse ap-
large plant for building irop ships there, on the fun of washing rusty, greasy parently iu as good order as they wsre
and also for the manufacturing of ma- knives, forks and ti.-s, aud other dishes two yeaes ago. A' large schooner i an-
chinery, putting in dry docks, etc. in salt water. The slippery, oozy mix- choring there in the mouth of the Ca-
-The registration books for Tampa ture, covered with a floating .scum of loosahatchee, and another one, a spon-
closed onednesday show 89: registered dirty grease and rust, the condition of ger, passes us and makes out of the bar-
voters. There are several hundred per- the dies and one's fingers after theper- bor for Key West. They have been "do-
voters. There are s~ever'al hundred per- the ^ a ^ dtshei e u-i g upt e w sin "o o rd o aln
sons in the city not eligible for registra- formance is over would 'thrill the pul- ing up the washing" on board. for a line
tion, and fully one hundred more who sos" of any of our mothers or sisters who of clothes is hung out from the boom,
failed to register who were entitled to wash dishes. Oh, or the ingenuity of among which is a red shirt, which the
that privilege. whioh, with a large part Miss Ha -court. who has a recipe and an skipper persists in calling a yellow quar-
of thle town not included in the corpor- eas y way of doing everything properly, anteine flag ; "Dam fools, to hang that
action. would show that the population Sundown, Sara Sota Pass out when they're going right to Key
of Tampa will reach the neighborhood of -mudhcock overboard. Near by is West," he says.
7,000, all told. W nbitaker's schooner, from Key W\est, The wind and tide are both against us,
-A gentleman in this vicinity has es- I ing in quarantine. One good action and the afternoon promises to be
tablished the fact that a small area well leads to another, so) we lose no time iu "squally," so we run down into Ma-
fertilized, cultivated and irrigated will establishing a quarantine against the tanzas pass and lie at anchor. A stroll
pan outmore than a large field halftilled, mosquitoes, by means of properly placed ashore reveals nothing of interPest except
And ho also demonstrated that two of cheese cl oth. Is there any more delight- a few scrubby cocoa-plums, so the after-
the most profitable crops may he taken f tl sensation in the world than to place noon is spent in loafing and eating the
from the sam ble land in one year, he ay one's self, in mosquito time, inside of a biggest watermelon in the now dimin-
ing gathered cukes -in the spring, ant stout chlieese-cloth bar, and then to lie se ished pile.
egg plants in the fail, from the same cure and listen to the diabolical din of -- ---
tract, besides a crop of peas in the sum- the howling and buzzing blood-thirsty How Watermelons Pay.
mer. Clearwaterp Ties. wretches outside? The sense of security
mer.-ClearwaterTimes, experienced on a cold winter's night in Mr. Michael Roach, from Mandarin,
-A perusal of the books of our river the North. when one "snuggles" down was sren by a representative of
steamers shows some startling figures. in a comfortable feather Ied between the Times-Union at C'olcord's Wharf,
These books show that tne three lines do woolen sheets, and listens to the roaring where he has a small schooner load of
a joint business of over twelve million winds outside and the snow dashing watermelons. He stated that he had
dollars annually. A large portion of this against the panes, can alone be compared gathered nearly his whole crop. Mr.
vast sum-a very large portion-comes to this It is even more pleasant when Roach had about three acres in water-
from the Apalachicola River section, a one is lulled to sleep by the "swash" of melons, from which he has gathered,
Section which, as vet, is undeveloped, the water against the sides of the boat. for sale, fully 6,00el) melons. These he
and the trade is still in its infancy, and Je 14, ie a. "..-Stump Pass in sight, sold for an average of a little morethan
only needs the plunging iron horse to A brighter day never dawned than this, ten cents, making a total of more than
bring those grand undeveloped resources and a better "wind for sailing "down $600' for three acres, or $200.) per acre,
to fruition.-Apalachicola Times, shore" never blew. At daylight we got This bhas been occupied not to exceed
--With the view of obtaining a potato under way, with a brisk easterly wind, thee months, and can now be again
better adapted to ow' climate than any which promises to continue all day. utilized by cultivating it as a -egetable
variety as yet given us, Dr. Schaffranek, With a land breeze, of course, the Gulf garden. And scil some say that Florida
our learned bbtanist, fertilized the bloom is like a mill-pond, with scarcely any is not an agricultural State.
of the early rose with pollen from the swell even. We have long since passed *
flower of t.hepeachblowm. Heobtained the familiar "Horse and Chaise" beach.
seed.from the crossingand finally several so named by the sailori~many years ago. Brief and to the Poin.L
seedlings. These have now fruited and from the strange point ot pines which Please find enclosed $1 forsix months
the product has the form of the peach juts out to the beach, .which to them 'subscription to FARMERT AND FRaIT-
blow and the color of the early lose. bore a fancied resemblance to a horse EOWER During my-absence from your
The flesh is exceptionally firm, the skin and chaise. This is tbe annual rendezx.-g"e I dou'n feel as nif I ca.d without
beautifully smooth 'and the Doctor be- vous of the tuwitle tdrndrs during the full ;i onUrge-'our fae melais to make their
lierea it, will give us a fine potato for the moon id May and June, as here the main-, own'supplies. corn. meats, hay and'oats,
summer months. He tta: none for sale land extends to the very Gulf beach, and'-to can theije'6i'u fruits and vegeta-
now, but will continue its cultivation with no fringing line'of keys, and it-is -bis, and sive -^itmmense amount of
until satisfied of its value, when he will accessible to wagons from all over le money ss, t -u.4the.ltate for thi-gs.
.place it on the market.--Palatka News. interior. Every cabbage point and shell moar.can -s wetlobn iade~at home. nesnto
,- -Some -time ago a correspondent of mound has its cemeniscences to us, pleas- .s- --.H Rn-m v.' :-
-the Times-Union, in quite a lengthy ar- ant and otherwise. Fresh turtle "craw~s BuBKfirEE,Ky., ,Jly 7,-1y?8. ..
'tide, made the assetion that it would ate plentiful, but as the nights are dark -. -;^^ *- -
not pay to ship oranges to Europe, al- now the turtles are. left for a short time Hoo.er ur-ay-of -- "
legingamong other reasons, theexcessive unmolested. Messrs. hooveir & M urray of Panasoff-
transportation charges. Here are a few 13 m.-The cook was awakened from kee, have demonstr-ated the fact, this
facts, worth more than any ones asser- sound sleep in the cabin by a cry from season, that flrst'clana wine can be made
-n~on, which will tend to throw light on the captain, "Get ulp here1 plI','jick, from the strawberry They have now
the subject. November. 26th last, Mr. if you want to see a devil-fish, coin' 300 gallons for sale of the very,.bst
Frank Ashton, of Runnymede, shipped right for the boat, too I" We gotoitin quality. -.
description Symptoms and
- Treatment of the Disease.
Ypllow fever is al-disease that frequents
seacoast cities. It is almost entirely
onfined to the coasts and the banks of
navigable streams. It is epidemic on
he African coast, in the West India
islands, and in tropical America. It has
ften made its appearance in the Atlan-
ic seaboard towns, from New York to
'ensacola, but it is not thought to orig-
nate in these places. It has always
been traced to the arrival of vessels from
foreign infected ports. A few doctors
have denied that it has always been im-
ported into this country, but the great
eody of physicians assert the theory of
mportation. It attacks all persons, but
exhibits more affinity for strangers and
hose affected by fright, or dread of hav-
ng the disease. However this statement
nay be modified to this extent, that in
.76i the fever in Savannah was observed
cot to attack those' of pure negro blood.
This disease of' yellow fever is the same
is the Spanish vomito negro. It is non-
contagious; it is incapable of being trans-
nitted from one person:to another. One
attack exempts from a second. Being
eon-contagious, it becomes an infection
hrouglh the air being impregnated and
ciichar-.Ed with poison.
Perso js who have never had the fever.
and are compelled to remain where it
exists, le-,uld not expose themselves to
he her sun or the night air, taking mod-
erate exercise, and keeping the cutaneous
and other secretions well open. -
= = SYMPTOMS.. .
Yellow fever begins much as oth' r
fevers. There is a feeling of chillmness,
nausea, tenderness in the epigastrium,
he patient coimpl'ins ot heat and burn-
ngat the pit ,ff his -tomach, with a
feelingg of weight and oppressin. Anx-
ety and1 restlessness are striking fea-
tures. The lace is fluse.J anid thle eye
Ed. sufftie-, an-l seeitive to light. Tbl'-
;ieathe isi irregular. Trie yT-lown.ss.
'rom, whihi the ,lie.ase i n.amedl, itst
inges the eye, then spreads to thie fore-
head, neck breast. and la-tly to the ex-
tremities. The eolor varies, and ik som-.-
titues altogether absenr. Tbh tongue 1 s
it first noi-t and t-hite. beconilng g-rad-
ually red at the tip anti ..n tieedges.
[he pulse is' rarely oterc one hundred.
Such are the firstsyVuwp:.tu:.is. T1he1sec
aond stage i. marked by an iabateruent of
ill the unpleasant signs. The paiu in
the head and limbs is believed. the pulse
is calmer, the expression more natural.
This state ordinarily lasts trom twelve
to eighteen hours. The third stage is
:-haracterized by prostration. Tltie vout-
itling is eft'n iucessaant. At first it may
consist of a colorless, acid liquid; soon,
in bad cases, it begins to contain flakes
of a dark color, increasing until tlhe mat-
ter has the appearance of soot or coffee
grounds and water. This is the black
vomit. The patient grows weaker, the
i.;r '"I"ia.l Qnr-0 1 1n4n the pulse fe.-
ale. the breathing labored, the tongue is
black and tremulous, there is a low,
mutLiering delirium, avd cleath closes the
A physician of Savannah published.
during'the prevalence of the disease in
176, this course of treatment, which he
said hlie had followed with success, ex-
cept iu a teow cases:
Take for medici,-ine two ounces of ep-
som salts, half ounce of senna and a half
ounce of snake coot. Put all into a pint
of water, boil twenty minutes, and put
into a bottle for use. The first day of
fever take a wine glass full every half
hour until full effect is ..btained. Also
use hot mustard hath.and mustard plas-
ters. No safety until you succeed in
conquering the fever. Then give fifteen
grains of quinine-five grains every two
For drink, put a spoonful of gum ara-
bic into a tumbler of water, and give a
spoonful every twenty minutes inter-
mniixed with smniall lumps of ice. No other
Second day-Fever off, gum water.
Third day-Fever off, gum water, thin
Fourth day-Fever off. chicken water,
gum drink eno flesh.
Fifth day-Fever off, soft hominy, soft
eggs; t.:ast bread, chicken water.
Sixth day-Light chicken soup. hom-
iny, soft eggs, toast, etc. Patient left to
his own prudence to diet carefully, and
to bewareof a relapse, which generally
Every fever must betreated for yellow
fever to be or, the safe side.-Times-
The foUonwing table, compiled irom the record
of thbe Jack oatdie it-nat Stanon h'y Sergt. J.
W. Smith, represents the tempetatur, conditMon
of weather, rainfrall and de-ecion i Oriwid for
Lhe month of July, as observed at the Jack-
sonvlltlestation durinLr the past 15 years:
-TEMP. WiATHER. _q
W=b *fl IeI
a.i. i .
1s72 ee 51'"' P ? Id SW
l17-a 10; 1. 81 1 2 7.5 4 SE
1H7l 93 sic Wt a 17 9 7i..S S
l:',5 n'i 70 8e 3 *- 0 .14 SE
187 I-"r iin ;1 I IS 11 r. 8 S
us": 1.', a 82 17 t ri 5 .8! SE
1878 [,7 ;. 53 3 '* fel t rt NE
i879 101 t:8 IS 4 5 ii SW
lSvu 97 a' *o 5 1' 5 5 94 SW
1851 .K ;' 84 tl 15li 3 -c7.i SW
1582 Il 71 81 6 8 7 6 75 qW
1t a5 9.$ 69 8- 13 17 I 6.88 9W
15,4 98 r,9 Se 6 1is 7 s."2SW
1t.5 96 71 8 2; -7 16 7 ,W
Ict8 04 70 i1 2 I1; J 14.97 SW
Sergt. Signal Corps, U. S. A.
Ladies' Purchasing Agency.
"- A New York lady of experience and
-taste,' enjoy.pg the best facilities foe
shopping nndegr advantageous condi-
tionp, offeri-her -services to ladies desir-
ing to secure'any. kind of weanng ap-
parel, toilet a .i.es or household goods,
at New Yozk.'etce. -Sepd for circular.
Address 4- "-. MBS. S. 8. Jones,
*'' 179 GatesAve., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Groves where Williams, Clark & Co's
Orange Tree Fertilizer has been used are
WILLIAMS, CLARK & Co.
"We Know' by Experience."
For three years we have used Brad-
levy's Vegetable" Fertilizer. After test-
ing along with other high grade fertil-
izers, we pronounce it better than any
sold in Florida. We shall use it again
this year. -
We do not hesitate to say to the vege-
table growers of Florida that they can-
not use anything so good as Bradley's
Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. We know
by experience what we say regarding
WOFFORD & WILDER.
Ft. Mason. Fla.
Opinions of the Press.
[From the Southern Cultivator.]
"The 'Success of the FLORIDA FAR-
MER AND FRUIT-GROWER, of Jackson-
ville, surpasses that of any similar
publication in Americam. The publishers
seem to be over-liberal in giving the
mechanical part every attraction possi-
ble, while Editer Curttiss is doing the
best work of hise, life. It is a combina-
tion that cannot fail of abu ndant success.
The Cultivator is never sorry to see such
enterprise rewarded, as we have no
rivals to be jealous of, but wish all suc-
[From the Gardeners' Monthly]
"We are continually receiving new
agricultural ventures.'but useful as they
are in their own special fields, we rarely
find in them anything of special interest
to the intelligent class of horticulturists
for which the ie'.let'r'S' Morithly has to
cate-r. We were, therefore, agreeably
surprised on reading among the latch
of exchanges on our table. No. 2 of this
to find it of a very high order of intelli-
gence. and one whichmust have an ex-
.-ellent effect in fostering Florida's inter-
[Froii the Texas Farmer.]
'FlI-rida is not behind her sister South-
eru States in material progress. It
,-ught to be called ithe land of fruits and
flowers. for each of these grand divis-
ions of horticulture are equally at home
khee. The FLORIDA FARMER AND FRITt
C]:_ROWER is an ably conducted and ele-
gantly printed paper devoted to tbese
very topics, to which weiefer the reader
for further informationn"
[From the Times. Demo. rat.]
"Editor Curtiss, of the FxARMR AND
FRUriT.GROWER. evidently struck tlhe
ptipular f-ncy when he estti'lished that
journal. Its su:cess is phenomenal, andt
although only a-Tfew mouths old. has al-
r'eadiy taken the lead in all matters per-
taini'g to Southbern horticulture."
I From the Florida Baptist Witness.)
The FA-RMFR AND FRUiT-GROWER
comes to our table reguJarly and
promptly, and iQ full of interesting and
instiaructive mnffiter: -It cetarmT-r-exces-
any paper we have aeen, for Florida
especially. Send t.t Jacksonville for it.
Address as above, and lead it awhile aud
i'Erom the baene-die Morning Rec,:,l.
"We are in receipt of the FLORWDA
FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWVER, published
by C. H. Jones & Bro., at the Times-
Union office, and edited by Prof. A. H.
C(urtiss. It is first-class in every respect,
and is a paper which every farmer and
fruit grower should have. Its articles
are full of plain, good, common. sense.
We hope 1o give our readers the benefit
of minv of its articles. Success to the
[Fr'om the So. Live Stock Journal.]I
I .- A .-ki r,%f
"We re-'ret that the nrst number.Lot-
the FARMER AND FRUTT-GROWER) failed
to reach us; but the second shows a very
handsome sheet as to paper, typography
and general make up. while the addi-
tional department is all we expected of
the disLiuguished editor. Many of our
readers are interested directly and sec-
ondarily in everything connected with
Florida, and we cordially commend this
new and excellent periodical as worthy
of their patronage. With best wishes
for its success. we welcome this new as-
pir'ant for public favor and patronage,
feeling assured of thie good work it will
accomplish in and out of Florida."
JAcKSONVILLE, July 1t, 1,07.
MEATS--D. S. shown ribs, boxed 8)5; PD.S.
lone cl-ar .ldes, 88-7,6;D D. bellies, $2I-m;
smk.id short ribs, -s. ; smoked beles 9 5;
S. C. hams, canvassed fancy, 13!c; S. C. bhoui-
deers canvassed,8LsC;CelJiornia or picnic bams,
9c. Lard-red-ned tieres, ,c--s bless beef-
barrels, $1050; half barrels, $575; mes'p ork,
id2,5. rhbse quotatinons are cor rotund lots
rom-n firEt hands.
BurriTR-Best table, l'a>kc per pound; cbok-
lg., tS,-c per pound.
Grain, Flour. Hay. Feed. Hides, Etc.
GRAn _Corn-The market easier and
dull. The tt6owting figures represent to-day's
values: We' qdote white corn. Job lots, tic
per bcusbel;-car load lots, 62c per bushel'
mixed corn, job lots,57ic per bushel; car load
lots, 5l5pper bushel. Oata quiet and flrm at
the foicwtng figures: Mixed, In cob lota,
lie; c-ar ioad lots. -40c; white oats are 2%c
&U around. Bran dirmerL18@elg per ton.
- HAT-The -market is fa-irm and good grades
higher. Western choice, small balec 1.800
per con, car load lots, Sh 50 per ton; Easiern
hay,$l4 per ton.
A.cLGRrrs .nar M..,EAL-6 00.430 perbar-
rel..' : n "
FLor-Wealer; -best patents, $535@5j,
good lamily, 8 B9(,o 50; common 25. .
fPmS-BSack Eye none ln market.
OROuN'D FED-z--er ton, 4- 00. .
CeFFEE-Green Rio, 0)@2-2c per pound; Java,
.'mated, VCaic,-; Mocha, roasted, .Tc; Rio,
CO'rON "'SI M.zAl-Demand lIght. ri-en'
hiland or-dark mealti9 00@0')00 per ton;
bright or short cotton-meal,21 500@260 per
ToBACCO SBTkiis--Market quiet- but firm at
L300Dt400 per ton.
L' z--Eastern,- job lots, l140 per barrel,
Alabijma lime.$l 15. CementI-American -200.
English $3 25 per barrel.
RiCc-Tbe qnotanons vary, according to
quantity from 5Wgaml6cents per pod. -
SAJt.-Lverpool, per sace, IF t00; per car
toad, 85@90 cents. :
htrhle po'dcr never vares. ,marvel of
runrl ait andpMorwbite-n.nt'5W. Stre
New York. !
f~ltra:r--rrv dlint, cow,, cper point.n, fir,tclass,-
e3,.ni ; ent tilti't id11',-. ld 'e S;
'2:' ,-ut,. "il'~i;G I -#eats. Fur,--, ,tt-r. wt-inter,
''t,-Scouii',;I.,,:r n.:.., 1et,-,15 ,.ni-;" ct-ltd ,.51 .
h'l.a te L 10"X.er-c; -,'---)l, I're- erra ci,ti L-SI-I
tent;. 'bu',):.. 4l M.'nt g -at.' sam- I,. ,enlt
apiece. s '
P^ it^_ ^
PO11ILB GPWDERC. -eiRal
Conletry Prol uce. e
ti'E_.Le-Fte Crt'am ry li. c- in pele ould,
c:n ts; bali crl.n Ili cii'. TIh.-y.n wn ?rCe
in- a- t -i r i. :i u- .-
-tan g.-,:, ,:-.-cind d th -:'cli d'npp y1. _-,
tI~ni- PtTA "r,.en---N-L'L-'rnbr P~t ituC- 22-Tt"'-i
3RO' pIraIxrl \ rer-
pLiejd 1',.. r:,.a, f.. i -ra : t, &. "
Nwt-' Yt.r' ,'. : 1,2. er h ,en .
NcEW BEcr ,--Fh'tre-aole, [" :rat. --t. ..2 .
l.teLiFLV t, e i.-i'_-- r i :,i .-e, ci,., and r51,75
p1. ,rD e.1 e- l.
SNiR HP N e Tr FNfP' r -. e ,it','l r~inc }. V L:
Foreign tlend IHes4ce 0N Iri ts.dH
pa- U cow--nFIrc-. Le-,. o
pe 1-ap t -1e1--i 7,-'2 I),.pen r clt,.,t-ci.
LEMN-r---titD,~n't4 2-cStS coI'' p-~ter box.
Ptas--In I yter I.t,:
B AN N ,_-P.,it:,rapd i ;:'-','-i 2it. i[ per p.un .
.NI r s.-..t. i,-i nd 1,; rszis l t; Fiher is
Stc.iivtI' 1 E.n,,,tLish waLniut,-, (iren,:,bes, 18te;.
Mi-em otas If.o:, Po:aens t 0c; peanuts tc; Cocoa-
nuts 530) tper nun-ired. ,- -o"""
R1 f:-"_'onlon ie, 'u p(r, ateox ..-
,a ,-.BEi Fl-il-4u ti er ticrate. 10 c r'b cir"(A
1r: IS 1 'rej .
' .:-r-KFZ_aJ^-iiunt. lC;' irar5 13,::-isp~ira:,.neD
(-u'ta~c. ai..:.dc dcre;.nd -Lld pcei- ponkU|.rr:, .
Pn A'nEW-P-,:Paero,7b.:,rlx8i2 ptt tea, e -r
iNa, i.',t'7 i i 0 per p rate. -
APBEF--Gi-Fo,'r..ias, 6-Sc p-r'- cN) te.o ..
R et ll. -', 2e.
vised I",ir WeFiadns 's and Sati., crdays a p er..,
from quotto-.ns furnished by dealers Ltn.$tbe.'
uu 8-9ernus wbelee. at ,:c-t per hun- .
dred r and i'.-Lt tnots perH b rnc. b -
New yr'nrk ta'btagc' wh-btuaie i2&I-.j'3(0 .r
Se set potatoes whoteaIle at 7, cents perF
Daily t^F ni~c. lc
busPiE, and rtiL- l at : cents per quart.:
Lettuce wholesale at '3i..3 cents per doze
heads, and retail at a cents p ,er neaed.
Paanp[.- wuossta'l at 6 cnrots per bundre
and retail at f',ar and five 'or t cents.
Ei-s are Lo n far demand. E,,avattiont."
p~~~~~~ ai-rii-i-.:xs p.*' Fr.,il .
Nirom qluo.'itis 1urnisBrazily l-'cA FhrtaInb.
egS nar otu-ied at wholtii sale at ,-r prblnt cn
per dozen and _tell at n ) t ents.
Boston marftw,'et etpeashc.-..wholte~sale a ne-b
S per barril and retail at IU anOd 15 entj-
eaeb1 .')K^- o--i^'^! ~r oc
New -Y o-r i...ri tsoeswle ti 71at 13c2-8S-
per ba ti, and retail at 10 c ents per quart, o
two quarts leer 15tntits. '--, .t --
Rtitslce- bflh [a wboleslat cen- a cpernt pe
bieadio Wdada, and retaiuatd5yent--papeead
dozen huo-beci seven nrdishe. eaesbea. They .,
retranl at se 6l per aunt eb, or thpee brunch e
for four andrtie fcac cen te..
p-er arcrInd fa~il- demand*o. Duval count]-.-rf
ELa- Fie pouiudtiyCwh~(ol esale ate 8-Info- e-
centseatn; rstatl at 4c), -.l.enatacac. crese
poultry per pound-hen, retai, t2
Northern meats retaU as follows: a hicago :'.
heel 1do, nd" cents rerpound; Florida beef6Cafl-
pr poer ndba el, and retail a ts; Pork an 15 5 cents;
mutton tc'c1,-Se cenis vents-tn :?5 cents; sausage
I5 cents: ,-rned beet jj cent s.
New Yormeons wIrhpolesale o lealtat5 per hu3
per bd, A and retalt for 1 IS cents; Ice water-
ntwelor e t 5 to .0cct 15 ist,.
re.len (rn o whdesalet at l25 cents per
dLzen, andceI ve raib each. Theya ce.'
Caiuatb5cer wholesale unt, or ent per dozens
,i- re tail a t t for l0 cents.
Oltra wvhola-;iie at 7tfk 8 ensts per qoart.
nod reads at 1'3 cents, or two quarts for25
poultry, pe-r pound-,:hlcken, retail, 18@20
Northern meats retaU asi'"llows: ,C'nl.cag ;
bpeef l*.134,cent6e crpoun; Florida beefl6al@#1
cents.ork U5ce ;
^muto li'lw cenl, vcaleon :n cents; sausage
E'g Plants wholesale at $L.-t 15 per dozen,.
Ired a.-i rlL91l for it-d,1 cents6; tee water-
Oret Cor whole~alp at L2 cents per,
'*boec'^ Eale t,8en per dozen, .
o-1 retail at it fo'r IL) co tW.
%)k-a ivho-1sale at Ti-8 cents per quart
,nd retails at 115 centsa, or two quarls for 25
cEag Pla nt iWhboiEsa le at 8 1 L~gl 2.5 per dozen
anti retail at It 60 per dozen.
LEAF TOBACCO tMARHETS.
NEW YOR'K;July 15-There has been much.
activity in Western leaf tobacco for several
days, and an advance In prices la conse-
.qu'ence of unjavoerable crop reports. The
market Is stil srongand thespeculatite's n-
dencv Indicates further advances. Thereto
prihclcaily oo change In HavanaandSum-
LOu'LeVILLE, July 15.-The .highest prices
ofi the eason have been, obialned during the
past week. and all grades are firm and look-
tag upwards, .leaf and lugs selling at.tromS &
to 13 50 per 100 pounds.
ST. LOUIS,July l5.-*he market Is strong
and advancing. The bidl element Is evident.
ly In the ascendency.
EICUMOND,'uly 15.--Theniar.lket 'Is lvely.'*
- btt the tendency to an advance Is e.cked ,- .
the large stock' on hand at. the princIpal,
- SAVAtNNAHCOTTON MARHET'r..^
SAVAINNA.H July lb.-The Upland Cotton
market closed qtdet at toe following qoont- -'
tno s: 'u"t
aUdlIng fe 'a........ uIi .
Good mnidlng- I :a
M 'di log I .. .............. ..... i ,.
Low .mid~llnr-------- ** ***---------- 10 .*;
O0od ordinary" "
Th&'net receipts were 12 bales; groas e--':
cel4ts 12 bales; sales bales; stock .at tills "
port 1,01l3bEea. .b ae -
E "3L ND..~t .. '- '. i-.
SEA r5L&NflCOrfloE..- .
The market 'Is qhlel, and nomnalna atn- -
changed qauoltarioi. LIttUe mock fdr sale and. "
scarcely say arriving. -. .-.--. .
Common Floride .-'.-. -
Medinm -.. ". : -'.
GoodMedlnm. ..t-?1--,- ";.
Medium fine "8 ....... :- ai "
Fine -, gm. .^
.Exnri lne.-."........-.....-.-'... ":i: .:" : 7-;
-Choice "" --
.. .-*,,^.*- '- ." ..'.*'- .
J-L 7 '- --