The Florida agriculturist
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055761/00003
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (Jacksonville, Fla.)
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Chas. H. Walton & Co.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: December 4, 1875
Publication Date: 1874-
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 3, 1874)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1877?
General Note: Editor: S.D. Wilcox, 1874- ; C. Codrington, <1877>.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002196913
oclc - 36065033
notis - ALD6763
lccn - sn 96027723
System ID: UF00055761:00003

Full Text
- ~7w




i: epuoftd fo thi g ]rnit~ulural, |Industrial, and duhgational fntcr[ts5 otl o lfiida.

. .WHOLE ,, ,4
4- i. -I L L

". I..

;VOL. II.-N8. 49.



TItLiSVILLE, October '2), 1.75.
ED. RiCULCTlrRIis Alter Several layi.'
pleasant cruise on Indian river, your coi repon-
(lent finds himself at Titu'sville ifo.i meily lnuowu
as Sand Poini '.'bi I iti ii-tty liule village ot
seve, al hundred inhlibia ini.. :oiie forty tmil.",
.-... -noltRi 1 E.ri allie, -on lh,. wel- i.ink ol hof lii

Dating oul stayi i Eati Gill? it rwi..Nr .r.,
f)orltitle'to make l he- ac.: uaintan,? of fsc 'e- i i i]i..
;&n-:i n from the North, who. w -et- dI...
in,- Floi,.ia'I-n d '-)of- o _qali, Co>.,:-
Thc-y iL ile-d OI.) lio AUn 4'nsjaihatwA:ki Ne wvC
SYork. .'tnd .i thiil -I'ro-m C.inAr.1 TLis''party,Jhnd
:ilreiJ'v rarrvelil.-l ,-ev ril lb 'lr.:il m ii?; in their-'r'
canoes before reaching Inudiani river, and as we
were about leaving Eau Gallie to come to this
place an invitation 'was extended us to accom-
pany a portion of this party as far as we wenf,
which was gladly accepted, as we were thus
afforded a good opportunity of stopping along the
banks of the river and enjoying some of the real-
tids of camp life in this beautiful section of the
State. For the information of the readers of the
AGRIcuOLTURIST we will endeavor to give a de-
scriptioin of ii:. pl.ici s.t:opp.-,i ti aloj -i i Ivii
be-twn tib-ese- tw', rilla,:s
: a bout, noon on Tuur-idaiyt ,nr ni,: il.,t-,Oist.
ing ofMessrs. Fairchild, McCullIough, Carpenter,
aind yor crirrespoudert, g. oitrb aggagc togetl.er
- --1p.'-gitdo -. 'e-)jonii1 t,,r -the iri Wh i

S-... tiiitnety pouilida each, and were only eighteen
et long, you can imagine it did .not take lonZ
to I-.-ad .hmni down anud -.el sail.' We mu-t c-onr
less I,, having felt i lile tiuni-i. on -ettin. inio
ioe 'of ltLee bh.lla,Jor ihe.sea wv:is iIuilt ueer-y,
and our gunnale was only about tree' inches
above the surface of ine water, ithile a sti;ff head
wind blew from the northea.. However. theL
lilde craft'ts bobbd about like c(oris, tnd w:e Ioo.
felt is safe a-. though we, were aboard on.- ot
Colonel Hari's tine' -teamei on the St John-
At 3 o'clock in the afterno'an we arrived it the-
residence of Mr D. M Sileart, teun miles t ie-,e
our starting point The trip to far prrove.l .,. tn.-
delightful. The i iver for ihi a:i.tjnce failed from
o' t'. iLr-c mil:s in wiilih. vilh e rue -hore:
on Ouiir Iett wiL r st- l ded Willi i.lt "np- o' r.-A il'
m-iet-. irt":, Ju l the t.i ', if ihe livir w I:.. l li
un-] covere-..i n ir 1i iuxur, inr ,_i [ ih of tropical
:. -:iation. .31i:'.t :l l I e l, nri.lai. lon.- this-porlin
cl iu,:e ive: .ie' ricih 1auiuo.:l.:, iahich extend
: i.1; r,:nrom itL- wvi-arer idiJi .iL of- from' one to-
three m iles or'.- 1,1- i ii.h liua- i ,ri -.. l :. -
1 L. .: [.I, : i-: 'I i.' i t i lip l i ir. idi,. I'
S lani, varyfu riit,-,a i .., i, h,:0 1:el b-i -.': iii.
'7srlrface of 1u- rn -i" I' ar...i h, I I i ':"
i :Am m igrant ,.,'rri.ou ,nr '- t.,i ,|l 1L' sI' ..,, ,
S .'-it li...nmi- .d,.,busy at wvor on his place;
11e h -b l f ,,r, L'.f IU '.M -:.:lo-:. i,., i
r..4.- w inu uz r-'' .i.l)-, ,:,:tl.i, e i :- rabl h ,.. ]!.
i,, had'l i a ule oi .rn l o l, I 13rIIle,- .i 'i .ilit
-'ld. 'The, land here wa o- a ..lark, r': I, l.Iiu.,
ih a a h-rity lille s n. l i. .: h ii lifrn- ..r.t il ,-
hoiu-e In cornriin wnih Mr. be- iii.i n'.Ir..
'us hiat o L -i. hi.b l. inL liai. id ihe rmr .r f ib.:
hanimock wi- wi-i--r i111i pl r i, 0.r., whil:t Li, i.r.i.-
Ssidercd eai- onabl,-. ur ,it-i y a, thi.'S prIi..e wais.
very short, as a storm "was brewing, .nd we \ V ie-
anxious to get to Capl:ain .T B. Stewa it'i house,
three miles above, before it rea>:hred uij
-Setlirig sail again oilt rile canjo. m -,le bitn
-low pi'roigres, the wind dit]. oit, n-id we lad'to
depend upon 'an ash r".-cz. 10. get along.
Finally, however, we hove in sight of the Cap-
tain',s booei-, which was nestled in a magnif-
icernt grove o:f o.4-k and palmetto trees just back.
a short distance'fronm t.he b-iLol.: of ib.- river. The
shores al;-ng ihis ipoilion of ih, iirc:r presented.
many Line l.c.,tion. f,.,i' building sites,.and the
land .- -unloLt.l1t-il,- vti.f rich, the soil being .a
richly' im, aini cr',,.i.'.l n ith a dense growth of
tr'e,'n ud.]?rl-nrih.', &c.' Al--r._ tbhe rivrr at this
--ointi, uidl pUin.: il'ily in Ir, i :ro .t ii- .% ptain's
thoul U 4i a-n i' iii.i- ici f ..oquii i Ii..ik along-
iLhe ed ...- if tliI- v'. ii'.. H .iuiu,' o'ir I..,noes on
i. d ,.f )ihn : i'.,,i: ,., t il, ,am ,:>l i.'i .1;i set
I' w,, l; il..i i i ir.., .ian LiJ i iii prepara-
iio, :,, :firp ..: r, w lj- il, y .:",. c:..rr]:e : ,p.. i.'. D i 1.,i,.,.
:' ,.i,.., i Ti.-: i, % nl rl .-:.,.i uli % *n:- :. i 0 1.-
v 1, Ib- I.1-.i ..t IL.: C'ptiL n I: noiiy, luhmi, of our
IT l -i F..Ilnil.l,=':ly fui .l ,i : -. ; ..,,in d at
hornj, J :A ,>*d :.,.: w -nl l ii,. i ',: ..,,re.
lerlirninjg i1c i lj- 'i: i: ii th I iJe it- iptin.where
-.uippe -I I-.. i 1.1cep it.. in bI iie ,iil .cam p:,
M i le, i ir.ill,.di.i. 1 i, Li, l ie-r of his vis-
i:r., an-I iri.:i tojoi i; in iir repaii. W while
the pa.iiy :ce ,e'; iaij ,iing the huae bonfire
_ lit up tri- e b'lvi,-: jndI entl it3 glare lar out upon
lte waters, attiractne immense si.choh-ols ,of tish )to
S1'.1r Vely I'eet, v.indile d.ove us the black clouds


. i

I. -

-f -,

L ",.

.. V-

' i '',rt "t-/tfe ltt ift ..-'lfr

* -4!


EsIT I-. -

bad gathered in dense masses, giving s1e warning
th(bat we were soon to have a heavy raintornm
Quickly stowing away our luggage we folloiwedi
tha Captaiu to his nouse, where w,-: .penlt iu'
During oulart sels on this river vour 1-o e.
spondent saw no plaice that had moic [[riiR.timu,
tian this of Captain Siewait's. A f Ic vcaris
ago the Captain puicbrised ninet-iv tvit -rc. o41
ladd, settled on the hammock, and ,umnu-:O:'d
cleririn ,rl'ectinoE .1 houisei anI li:tilf uiL Lis
pini?. Li.- lhou sa twoI sIto ik- hi-h tnIL 1:01,4
sit'iiel ot dic-ssed ls,.., -in, eviy Vibin-_" .db ii ii
has aiu ar .!'f conifit. T'he C- u"p. ilo ir", .i-
not bee-n ir ie in ihe ni-anrii.;m e, ,i:i ,ih ,.,, '. iI
i b,.-iiitri-i,.I \ iihi a nLumbel-r ,ot 'hu- :: '. ii lie:
ul flowrir', and hei.: .inI thcre le i t i-u,, -o,,':],,,
ainJ o lh -r II'ee l, ll Lv ii- li..l.n ilh .. I -,iu.;
lIi ir. Dn .h i |il ,-:e i i Ihirly ," -u. ..1 t.. ii, ,d
UnJd iUndli culliv,,tiou. A. omall poli.uit uof i1
is set apart for a vegetable garden. A shot dis-
tance from his,house is an orange grove of. three
:acrtes-part budded sour stumps and the balance'
sweet seedlings, which were set out three years
.ago, and eight trees are now yielding 500 oranges i
Each. On another piece of land the Captain hs.
one acre planted in sugar-cane-of the ribbon
variety-from which he will get a yield of 500
gallons of syrup this season. This cane rattoobis
fobr several years on Indian river, and the Cap-
tain expressed the opinion that the quality im-
proved up to the fourth year, at which time it
was advantageous to replant. On ten acres of
land the yield of corn this season was 200.bush-
els. When it. is taken into consideration that
this is a crop. considered of little, value In this
,section, this yield is remarkable. 'In showing us
about his place we, saw many varieties of tropi-
,:-:;1 fruiils ._owingf-, an.] a- Fror banui s thi,,- weire
iually leliI.l,,0s, .Iia d on Ihi- plac- lb,- '.r'a.in
can Ilte iih'mi li pen every cdaiy iu thr vT.ir. In
ite rear o,f his bojuiu were nagar-appl-s, -,jpp,-
dilloes, oranges and lemotni, and other decip-
tions of fruils entirely new' to iu. The lI.nd1
aboutl lie aiu mostly owned by sertlei- -\
m i.l..V "Ovp. r li-, ire i 1" tI V -.. ... *. --. ..-": -._1 J;
"A a omesLeaJs onjlhe pin.e land back o01 he,
bihmmocks which are avrjliable. But small rpor-
tions of ibh hammock lan1.1can be pirchtas'ii at
lss than from .$20 to.r): per aPe;-,i i b ii it I- no
diouh worth it., being ex'eedinly ribh and pro.
dricilve, and but few a.reis are nece-srv f...r the
s.ippojrt 0o .I family.
tO-ing to 1 tin.- heavy r tin-tormin th. nihi I e.
lore, oiur pri t\ .did nor take le-qve (ol the b .'i ,p in
till :lfier dinn:.-r Afiei -hA lkion_ branfsr nid rI.
ceninI' many Ic'peared invitations fr..rni iei Cup.
Inii i, ,:.-ill .I11in, our ,:, ,y-_ -hrovecd ,tr, an.,
n,': ni de f.i-r lhe ri',id,'nc,- of Pir:-,,. A. V.
H i-.e,-,ck, jun M errit.'.: isian..i, dii:[tly ,,ppo-:i;tu
Ihlj C'apt,irj' pl e,: A -lo drizzlie.h : I tin ,:r
in V..-:1 -'ie e, ijc id the di. re, uh bu -.,'1n .-_-
\xe lin'ir..l ihe Pill ,ou a, : a lt I lo ._.i.7,: ii.,
':l.0 '0-_ I 41 'l ;.u .itt OL-._"' I. hi,:i ll et-' ..' i '"| r
II-li .ind I,..- lJ hou-,., i tCt1 1i v i.S ,i.),.,' ] ....,li:ri'i.
tion. Tin- ,il. lkiiinlb was formerly trom Min-
nesoti,' t I a-ily ir.-.in Tennessee, and took ia
homestead on this island about a year ago. i or
several years he lihas been afflicted with a severe
attack of catarrh which interfered with h'isdu--
ties' as preacher, and he at last resolved to locate
on Indian river for the purpose of curing the
disease. When .we .saw,.him his health was
-,': "5 ..t- ,.:-..,1, and he- now thinks %all traces
of.the disease will s6on disappear. .'i.,,....i-
the Parson has been here but a short i;'ii- .,'
Sl I i i liy il, ..' -.i.., .i 'l i .range grove
,. A l ,.,,Iy I..I ,,,u ?,l. lii, 1.,ii.i 1, t -treesw ere
-,t- ,:.,i-- bu.hlu=i-. :..ii-i di l--.i n ,i i i .. now six
I:tt lir-L b In a s.Irt iln,: bL ill hb ie twelve
i,.; It I i ,l i'..al j I a d 1. ,:'.d, whlien he pro-
poses to commence farming.' The Parson, we
found to be a pleasant, unassuming man, very in-
telligent,' and a constant reader of THEn FLORIDA
AGRICUL'URIST. I e informed us that his time
wv.s i,-':a'I- i, ..: ii up in answering, letters of in-
qiily ,:,ou,-c r'ing this section of country from
friends in different parts of the Union, and that
s.ver 1I lurie- col,.-nih-S would soon start for Flor-
i-.ia TIreic ar': n.iny fine homesteads of desira-
ble pine land near the Parson's place, which are
subject to entry, and we have no doubt that in a
short time they will all be taken.
Taking leave' of'the Parson our canoes started
across the river against 1 e *,h i. ... mile north,
When we came to 'the .....iiitul r,-,,e -belonging
to MTr. C Ti Mi,.i',t". .1, the south end of
Rockled.E- H ifinri ..- i, aiicl extends for a dis-
taince of ili.e nil,: iip ii river. Along this
pottioi of the river are high banks-of coquina
rock, which. slope fnwui to. the water's edge,
while the river still has a width of from two to
'bri:, nih..: Si..-p.i.ip i. the 'little landing in,
:,..1. A ,t -Mi 3i 1, 1j.i'i p- lace, your correspond-
i iut ,.:.:ii..i thi s rit.--p I.lk which took him to
Ir c- i-.i \ a,] If ils n -_..-, in- I,,-e a beautiful
-i- iii h"r hli, e:T TIh>- L.T,.-., rich is a very
nei .t r -.t-i.iy Ifr.liin .uilllinr-., ,io,.ui back a few
huniidril y, ard- Ir Sii-i e hij,._ i ..i;y bluff. All
,,iml i- wI a a. m:,nii,:nenti ui'.,ve of palmetto.
tre,-:s, 'ilbh pirty t,.--xtr g.irI,-ns here and there,
an-I tn i lhe I .-tt ,I the i eI idr nee-ti IItee; gi-ive ofor-
rmau-,e trc-h, whhi% wer'b louled ,.I.,wn with fruit.
This prlit- is -.,n hammock Ianil, very rich, and
i k,-vel as a tfl-or in the viciuiiy of the house.
The viewup'and down the river from this point
was trulygrand, and no more.beautiful spot could
have been selected for a place of residence. Mr.

Magri'lder has seventeen acres of tr.-'a pl inted in
hi- orange gloves and uurFsry. ~loni- ol' then-,
were bOdded three ycars ago, *mid ar.: yielding
fliom ten to three hundred orauc,-- each. In hi,
garde-n ale grown all kinds of r.-. el.'!-, while
i- i v.ii -iies oit' fruit brv ,'illo.- -'hLlariitl-sS.
Ar ,:,u, iLi.:-n are rua as,, bjn' in --' .Joi.':-n .r
morie i :ir1rieti; Avocado peal, -il)pi- t,,. -i.
i.i, 4I 1,l manugI pia n'. .I:I. O i, ,- the2:e
a-t- .r triti tw's.his :f -,nI .4' u lo lh &I::
t' i- i.A.'. l t .i. pii .ii, 1 I .. l r e
,Xrt -J inchtes.in-' trn:t us .: i .i. rolui a

uooi, ii w a&. -,. i >.pih l.l ;. i ll 1. .1 'id w[
,-i. ii 111 1,,1 I i M r. o Mi ,' .1 ,i

,"t i.ing our ii'-, v v? r,: icAr L- L.

v isy o _M r. H \Villii.;iu ii .. ,.. ,,,. un
Lo Lhe ladti of iho A,-n10i : [- E
Alabamian '), where we pro!;,: ,- to pa'. the'
night, passing on our way te '...r.r." ...
of the Messrs. Paxton, and arrivi-. ,.t 1 e- ,i.
little sand cove afew yards fr:,i ..ir WV .ras'
place just before dark..-
After pulling our canoes out of the wal fire
wis lin l,..-k .ini,1 e or f he ri:. r.. t:)
ih h-ise t,.. call on Mr. W1ill0 -I Clin, ip
itb. ,-4 .-p e ni- uinknti-i aui l I I'.r,:in .. a',
iiio:ii-li i,_- lven-: ;rOwii of l,-fLshie' in. k",'-.-
Ti,- r.ui.:hd h i clia liu_, taud 1 0ti4,; a fl.tl. ii 'i
I!-.] .i. thbrl u ll i: v?.itlable g.ir-ei to t :
Tno or IlirLu --aiiall dogs: inui-diaiilv 41
bi king -uu, appii'.edi the occupunits. I t. '.*
Hut .ir.i crau rs were- tre-spii :ing, lut 1 ..
Mr. Will-n'is. caeine ,1i the door, -etiit I ,,
back, and waileid foir our approach. \.,it..' ,
uciLiu:- ou-rself Mi. Williaid ecortl.-d' .. ,t u k
to ii -'river, irhere: we took siipper ar-1 L 'g -:
liammoclk fI.,- the night. In the \' -, ,;
iwete iui itrl I10 the house, a b-re r, or.- d.. % -
er-il I ,IIsl v'rl5 agree-Aljy. MAli. .\':i ..-f. -
luecly resided i Alabama, and'eairu':-a o-'dti
river and settled a little over .n-.: r. ; i F
place is located on a lo'w,.l- :kr-'--
The front o1C the river here is i'Kf,I an a fine
view or the stream is afforded. After arriving
at this place he immediately set to work cleaning
lan1 uin.1 l nI m uti ctink cort,,ort,.bl,- I gliriionts'.
Now, after a -year's hard laior, uiF place looks
more like one settled for a peiin i..f dive yeurs
than a little over one. Up early in the morning,,
and working till 'lark at night, with a persever- -
ance characteristic of 'the man, all this has been'
Accomplished, and now. he has a place that
money'c6uld hardly buy. We found him to be.
a refined gentleman, very courteous and polite,
and showed u's many courtesies during our stay.
As Ex-Alabapmian has furnished many inter-
esting articles on "Pioneer Life on Indian.
River for the readers of the AemICLTUR-
IST, a description of his, place, as seen by
your 'correspondent, may not prove uninter-,
esling to them. The house stands back from'.
the river a few rods, and is surrounded by .
a small young 'orange grove, a vegetable garden,
flower garden, banana grove, and ata short dis-
tance from the house beautiful tall palmetto and.
oak trees. About four acres altogether have'
beek cleared, and part of it is under cultivation..
Wherever Mr. Williams has struck his axe the
work has been accomplished r4,..-. IiiI, and his
garden has but little the appearance of newly-
cleared land. On the edge of the river is a small
open building where this industrious man keeps
employed when the weather is too wet for
working out of dqors. To the right of the log-
house is the frame of a large two-story building
which is being erected fbr a residence, and when
completed it will no doubt i .one of the most
beautiful houses in this 'sectionof country, and.
compare favorably with, any of the kind in the
city of Jacksonville. All these improvements >
are being made without the .employment of help,
and since the settlement of this place less than
$50 has been expended for labor of any kind by
Mr. Williams: In his orange grove are 150 trees,
which were set out last spring,,and are doing well.;
A short'distance to the right of the house we
come to what Mr. Williams calls his "bank stock"
of sour seedling orange trees, which as soon-
as large enough are transplanted to the grove and'
budded.' Out of a large number so raised and re-
planted not one has been 1 .-i n (o i the preIseint
time.. T'wenty-five.lemon trees havebeen budded
on the orange, and are ..,-in: ,well..: Of bananas
we saw four varieties, which were loaded with
luscious-looking fruit. From thiI little p.li his
family can be'supplied the year round. Here-
after, however, "ifis Mr. 'William's intention to
plant'only the 'dwarf varieties.. Alongthe edges'
of the neat little paths .which, lead about the
premises, guavas and other fruit lihas beenplanted.
We. saw a sweet citron'which was budded' on a
bitter citron last March,, and has made a re-
omarkable growth. A thil.- -inmp the.bud had
grown to one and a quarterinch .in diame-
ter, and was twelve feet 1..--, '.viil.: s..ie orf the
branches from this rapidly-growing shoot were
fully.five feet in lepgth. This tree will undoubt- -
edly bear fruit next'year, and is probably the best.
specimen of the kind on the river.,.. Our attention
was called to a specimen, of the Egyptian-Acacia
(Acacia tera) raised from seed procured from
Egypt. This, it is well known. is a plant of much
importance in an economic point o view, it be-
ing none other than the plant from which the

S-i"n )it .. .,r cL.,mmerce is obtain-d 'fihe.pres.
cfrlc2 otthis plant isa good indictlionorf ile bchar-
Lii"r ,of the climate. The f.li.ie :-o l ibis acacia
..., peculiar sensitiven.e- 1to uanges of
wcalher, 6o much so thbt when i l L Chk iud obh
si.-ir- the -,iin the o-poesi9; k-itler close to ether,
u'. i .-:, re-.:' :i until the I r'I LppV,&i. This
pil 'ra 0-m :i t I I i'{01 A ril.-j, .nl{ o 'I *lulii hes
In .n ... i te ,vo t- 2-ni a- n .i u. ab)e.
A I. i. : i iT- .i u ice)i 11], '- sug rl-
pp''., -appa lil.. ,'." i.he Li n7i.. rf the
S r : ti- I; .. ;. l t d S I
In I. i- .'le r.-Li, iu iu J l j .. house,
uforni,' ( [ r.:0 p .-I V -i \ ... raieild,
il.l *rt.-? ':OiU, I uabiage, :. ki', ..... plan,
i -iiny, ;b,',,., e tei.. Iri .' .['.:,t -
1. n trewn"
r 'rr ine ua i wy b'i 'i '-. imp.
'. r, .r.11 ,'1 U h. 'r i Lm kt'.4 uid,
I i I i : i.-i [ ii. h e-- .4 aerlle

:, ,io i l t.i:"'A : Paq?;i ..: .:ong I, r 'I,- -
,,ll ? -'; Z- )']-I o,',,,,rluuIty :.' ,ni'. a;_ mg *..tLn
i)e iiil' cC'ei ". .lile ncw anIJ louI t ri',- .ecI. Il
Mi4- I. "- "i ". one iltl r.
.itA i .wrived j Ms. b. % 's
,Il.i,-e, ,r i ,..,a ,1: I City P.-o;r t, S p6 ..-

rit. i- 3 r. > ...a, /i.:. e:e ,- i_? ,, w u

D. [tbis la-it lijmer, Mr.-n *^.P
a.;em-ut of the ,.hice, *0.1 u
Iusine-s tact and en-ry. L so

T -. -"
lImon'-and'iu a ,f1a
-Sb..trtt afterzzA~
ci"ei a did ful? Jusle aJt;r e 4.. J S -
spread. before ihem. Or'ai'ni oiaed ,',f
r,:, tiiItay,chi..k en, Tenion, iuS-,., All kitib
of veg Le ablejj l, l_,,-thli r lh o> .,:-i.n :...., lI.n in,'afil
citron p'i- y Mr. Carpe'~er. t1..-i-w:i great
attention -, tis p- ilt of the m .-l, Dd ',:,,n MIrs.
D. was conmpe'li..l to bi'ing, on an extra supply.
None of our party ever before had such delicious
..dishes as these pastries set before them, and be-
fore leaving Messrs. D. F. Fairchild and McCul-
lough succeeded in persuading the old lady to
give them her recipe.
Near thii property i- Colonel Spratt's orange
grove df ".IJ I re.:-'. .' lIh --- c:: set out some five
years ago. .id -i no-....an. :.l :..t one of the most
valuable on the river. In planting this grove.a
different method from that usually followed was
pursued, the Colonel clearing but little land
around where the trees were planted, allowing
the wild trees between them to remain standing,
and the felled timber to lie upon the ground and
rot: The experiment in this case has certainly,
,proved successful, for we never saw a finer look-
ing grove. A.kli.. i this gentleman, has lived

the climate, he has not '-I i-., l.l iBni-.,lt ,-iii U
ta neat i-, lin. like tL.. r,: I l:. ii u.'-i hli.,I-
i l i'h ll ii,"c. V I' ii. ,._'.. l h,:- iii l ',ha :, of fhe
l.iii,, iL.Il .". .ijiI ':Xl'[,:iId l t,.i I ie ne:o-..aries of.
11.: .1n-. ihi -. ,:milt',!,j Ui?.: ,,t i itb Irer,three
in...'ri k: .iiiij_, h. e I .pI- t !'Te- v:Y.-I; N)ow :he
l.,I. ,[,-cII,' i: 0, lii.., *t .1 '. i,1"11 ri i
Pjer .i'- lurr r u ,i [he i i i ,.ii:- rthe resi-
.J .: : ,I M r M -Ludd.- ;, 1.:,.rmi y .t i'- n.l 'nt ',f
A l .. i. I l.it .ft .l.'f.Ciap i v '.-n W Sh.arpe. A.
Little tIril'-ier on .--arc tile F.i',[ Drilthers, Dr.
Holmesi, of Oi:, IR.v. D) Curtis, Mr. Hall, and
the bhonisoi severall new-comers, when we readlt
the old Spanish "Delespine" grant, fioniiag on
the Bay of BiLcayne, aid extending along the
river front a di-tance- of nine, and a half miles,
and containing some 43,000 acre-s of hammock
and pine land o(f good quality. The liver here,
widcos lill the shores on the opposite side are
lost sighr of it the distance. Ariivinr, at this-
point do the river darkness overtook our party'
and we n-r. int oi ca-ip for th:.- night on.the
gr.not, few miles fro.,m Titusville. In themorn-'"
ing our iirt inspected :i portion of Ithese lands,-
nil enj'..yre-. ue brciu_- breeze bl-owing in from
the h\,.. Along the edges of the bay are high
bluffs, varying'from ten to tIwen'y ,:,-;t iin h-iht,-'
fbuttthe character of the laud [a)pe.ared tI, be dif-'
ferent from that along, tht':- liver hL,:i? we hIa.d
travelled', for no coquinr. rock w.s t: : i-:-enu,
.and the thiibei w.: mostly pinch, au,1 i id.m>: :
pli:. -i deni.- ia.'.h of un l-:bru'ih %nv s : 'now-
inq.. F.,r *,' 1a in4 .l ,. ':4.. ,;, h i.- "':.n lkept
out of i.the ni f.- ., b. nd- .'we,. .i..i l-tu ,
hi,,li th-e --: ..., f C tir ,r Si, ,i '.: -' r ,
Colonel Titus, of Tiltii.ville, in -'i ,o' I.,e
,sold to set-iie-r and ,.:,.o.L til' 'u: f u fn :t few
years, :be]> iS: no ,voubl, all thi >l ni.will'be
lniiii liti'alii.-n. auw tbwo-a,ds of orange and
oiti. i i, ti t lz I: ol-nteri, '.,tnicti will provide-'
ljuandr O'1n "aI i.:.r hb iutute sett lel
Ei vly -.nl.I morning we saw Tihuvilue iu the
di-taice, aui ti the breeze had died onl worowed
our Crcoets leisurely along Presently we passed -
the pretty little steamer Pioneer, and landed at C
one of the ine piers which extend far out inthbtbe

/2- .4 : '-





river near. the residence of Colonel Titus. Here'
your-correspondent bade adieu to the canoe party,
for they were to extend the voyage as far as New
Smyrna for the purpose of prospecting for lands;
and selecting a site for an orange grove. .
Gathering up oui baggage we started to look.
for a bonirding-bhouse. as we were compelled to
remnin in this place lill early the following Tues-
day morning before Colonel Titus' teams started
for Salt tlkc, a distance of four miles, where we
expected to take the steamer Volusia for Jack-
Eight years ago this village had but one settler
-ColonetTitus-who fully appreciated,the 'de-
lightful Icmate and beautiful scCeniLy nilog its
borders. :.Heat once commenc-d to makii acliar-
Sing and. erect a cottage, and s.;ou wav., joined
by others, until now about seventy families are
located in uTitiisville and its: vicinity, and all en-
gaged in gru-'wing orange- and other topical
fruit. ThebL jud here is pine au.l lhimimoi'k.
and near the place, a pond, is: located,
which was lately discovered to contiuu large
qiiantiti"s' of rich soil,,, mixed with decom-
posed shell, which is 'destined to prove of incal-
culable value as a fertilizer for otang? trees. In
Titbsville are 'two churbeih, two s-team saw-
mills, which furnish lumber forc'ultres along ihe
river, three stores, a hotel, andt afirst-class Eu-
ropean restaurant, under the management of
Colonel Titus, where game of a:l kindsis iseirved
to order. Here tra'vcllers will find xcelleni ac-
commodations and agreeable company in the.
person o1 the Colonel. The Pionfer., which
touches at this point on the river, and uus 10.I
miles south to F(si I Capron, stopping at-all'
the landings along the river, is a side-wheel
steamer eighty feet in length, containing four-
teen sleeping'berths, a fine saloon, and having
accommodations for fifty passengers, and is-
owned by Captain Lund, of the Volusia, on the
St. Johns. .
Crossing overland by team early Tuesday
morning we reached Salt'Lake in time to con-
nect with the steamer Volusia, which runs be-
tween this point and Jacksonville. Here we met
a large number of passengers on their way to
Indian river, prospecting for places to settle.
After a pleasant trip down the beautiful St.
Johns our staunch little steamer arrived in Jack-
sonville one day ahead of time.
For the information of the readers of the
AGicuLTuiusT who may be contemplating
a visit to this section of Florida, either for
business or pleasure, we 'will give them a few
directions how to get to Ihdian 'river. At
present two lines of steamers leave Jacksonville
every week for the upper St. Johns. ..Thursday
mornings tie steamer Okahumpka, of Colonel
Hart's line, leaves for Palatka and connects with
a smaller boat which has lately been fitted up
Ir t his rouli.. n10 1 ii,h ti'' Ltil;.:- W a.hini _t... tlje
e-xtt e poiUs L .r vi0.tI'11 ln itiks ritel- At
ibis e teau .:''nisi.,'tin- itil I1t, l,.st rI ss'.;
over td ro E a, il In.li rircr,., .ii-
:(aboi, -i:. wi .. Th,:1.lar1 to E i a .u li,
by t ine li- hti. .lil), Icl ui.l i n' mcals sf' ir1 l
the mci riji; rou.:ij t uI ninY a "i ,tlor ~s
in tt iy n.,- .\ il tih.: ofrti'cer-s a.l:'arIr
the will I... .iouudI ;i .:.'ii\e and ,.'n l,:.'iui ly.
S Iy-.. u, 0 iiioo, it,: r '," Lttsii (.',. n
L!',:: l0 1 Jilr I k '. w which is -ilui'i t:.'l
-s / .'. t ,.s Ttiu,.vill., ju.l Ifl' y mil.:-s
iJ Galli,: H :re t'i:ims arC nisc a l, I10,l

Inili.n riv'.r" Thb. t- '. fro:m Jack-.onvill to1
SialtlI.ik,:, k isI[i ii'j, te'-1s ab,..'-i r.l Lc .tIestaw r, is
j$1 t; fru i' Thle h l 1t. 'Tiui-ville, by i lo'ln ?.. '
Thie (.'sspl sIt ill L,. lO, iti_ a v.h.bolt -oiil,.-1 ...t-
tleman, and always willing to point out places of
interest on the route. Both these lines ,f1i-ear-n
ers have good accommodations, set an e.-'.c-lieut
table, and stop at all the landings along the
river. A. F.

LAKE'WORTH, Dade county, Fla.,
October 80, 1875. '
ED. AGiICULTUvIST: I would like to ask a
few questions through your paper. An answer
from some of your correspondents may -help
others,,besides myself, out of trouble. Bat first, '
I would preface by a description of what has
been done, and what the matter is. Last spring,
about the 1st df May, I bought a quantity of
.orange trees, both -budded and sweet, and some
'seedlings. I set them out carefully-some in
shell land, some in red hammock, some in yel-
low sand, and some in gray. I fertilized some
in putting out with muck, some with fish,
some with bones, some with 'the top mould of
the hammock, and some, in each'kind of land, I
set out without any fertilizer. Some never shed
their leaves nor wilted ; others did. All, with a
very few exceptions, soon took root, and com-
menced to grow, and on many I had, in a few
weeks, shoots abodt eighteen inches long. Then
many stopped growing, and, after a few weeks,
some commenced dropping the leaves from the
top shoots, and putting out new shoots below,
but gradually dying down. Some were set out
in the shade of the 'hammock, others in clear
land. NI cannot see that location, soil, or fertil-
izer has made any difference in the result. I
notice but this, that budded trees have suffered '
most. Can any one explain the difficulty, or
suggest a remedy ? I have read Mr. Fowler's able
article on. the die-back, but it does not seem to
fully fit the case.
I am also somewhat annoyed by a gray bug,
about the size of a common small house-fly. It
eats the leaves of my orange trees badly. I have
tried ashes, lime, carbolic soap-suds, &c., but the
thumb and finger is the only thing which seems
to disturb them very much. If others have been
troubled with the same insect, and succeeded,in
ridding their trecs of the pest, they will confer
a great favor by publishing the means used.
I have found, growing wild on our lake, a
lemon, in appearance much like the Sicily lemon,
with none of the bitter 6f the wild Florida lemon,
and in spicy flavor and fragrance different from
and far superior to either the Sicily or Fi'ench.
I am inclined to consider it a new and very supe-
rior variety. I have transplanted, and shall
nurse them very carefully. 1 have already about
a thousand very thrifty seedlings from those
By the way, a gentleman from Welaka writes a
card of inquiry,' seeming somewhat incredulous
that bananas bear here in twelve months, ask-
ing the variety, and asking why some one don't
advertise for the benefit of any others who may
be troubled in the same way. I would state that
my neighbors, Mr. H. Pierce and Mr. Win. Butler,

ta". ~l

"fsy ws~m ()

?I* I'

* have the Orinoco banana ripen in nine month
the Fig banana in eleven months, while lt
Dwarf, the French,.and the M31utiniqu 'iripen it
twelve months, and the Red in vighieen 1 id
not consider this 'early maturity due to the va
riety, but to our peculiar soil arid climate W
are trying some experiments which bid fair t
result in the origination of new varietiesiof lb
banana, and will keep you posted concerning
the results. Respectfully yours, &c., D

a:titl eaitbing.

W ,: '*,al[i.l ic d l a l h...d L :.u h b lJ rii tdpark;
W e rodt Iu d oUl lv ..J. .. lC' l ci iD Ih'fLr :
Allnow : th. : Ib. l ndnli n :. -.. t : il.,lrl;
'IaI l L.,pt ii tns d l. t:',jr :':Iv ,. r i r
What bright- yes looked so soft in mine,'
S il i.urinn.- irt i.r-.m oout long lashes,
I couldd t.ijt ra "ly [b>.o nt,wine
Her l.endr form rihbt where the sash is,
'Tu:n wbhisp.e d:- Do bie mine, w,', t .:i ,
And ease th5., burdind heart from sorrow ?"
Thcn answered st : "My pr.tyv dove,
My lbuband will b.- hbr.'y to-morrow !"
When woman is so fa s', thoughtl, may be
.I'd best go home todwife and baby. .

Mr. Bertram Hartshoi'ne, of the Benga
Civil Service, read 'a paper before th.
British Association concerning the Wed
das, one of, the strangest existing
races of mankind. It has long beei
known that certain portions of the inte
rior of Ceylon were inhabited by a trib
of savages, called Weddas, so low in or
gaanization, habits, and character a
scarcely to be distinguished from th
monkeys of thenjungle among which the
live. Sir Emerson Tennent describe
them in his well-known book; they ar
mentioned in "Ibn Batutas' Travels," an
have been noticed by Davy, Percival
Bailey, and others. But Mr. Hartshorn
is almost the first who has had continuous
opportunities of personally olbservinl
these curious speciTens of humanity
and the ethnologist, the moralist, and th
theologian will all find fresh matter fo
study in the details furnished by this ac
complished civilian. These Weddas ma'
be divided into those dwelling in village
and those roaming' in the woods; th
former being of the same stock,with th
wilder kind, but somewhat tamed by con
tact with civilized people. The jungh
'Weddas are in v-ry thin, "save the rud
an 6e, which they speak, and som
iTiiii v.-" v' 1 i. c'Ir ;i='. .'. iil M -.'d .l, c ,.,
beasts of the tielil. Theyare stuntedir
size, seldom exceeding four feet eigh
inches in stature, with short, ape-lik
thumbs, long wiry hair, and feebly buil
except as regards their arms, which thi
-constant use of the bow renders ver
muscular. They have no. sort of dwell
ing-houses, taking shelter in caves or hol
low trunks, or roosting in the branches o
trees; and they live upon wild' honey
lizzards, monkey's flesh, with that of dee:
and boar, killing those animals mos
adroitly with their arrows. Lattie,
Wedda well,-known to Mr. Hartshorne
drove his shaft through a pariah dog run
ning swiftly at a distance of thirty-fivE
yards, and could hold his bow-string at
full stretch for two minutes without the
slightest tremor' of his left arm. Fire
they obtain by friction or by-striking,ai
axe or arrow-head with flint. They weari
ornaments, such'as beads and berries, and
especially prize empty cartridge cases for
that purpose, but they appear insensibl
to the differences of hue, and have no
word to express color in their limited vo
cabulary. They' never wash, believing
that the external use of water would
weaken them; they cannot count, even
by the aid of their fingers, having no
conception of numbers; and the- faculty
of memory is almost wholly absent, so
that Kong, another jungle Wedda, could
not even recall the name of his own wife,
until he caught sight of her, and pro-
nounced it mechanically. They have no
religion, temples, priests, or belief, except
a vague idea that after death they be-
'come yakho or devils, for which-reason an
offering is made to; the departed spirit of
'a Wedda, of monkey's meat 'and honey,
that he may not be angry and afflict the
family with, fever. It is the opinion of
Herbert Spencer that in the' mingled fear
and affection displayed towards the dead
on the part of savage tribes, we witness
the real germ of religious sentiment and
the origin of theology. Yet this benight-
ed and outcast race practice by instinct
and habit virtues which civilization, too
often rejects; they never steal, they
never lie,, and they never quarrel. They
are as free from these vices as wild birds,
and in their married relations are as con-
stant as birds are, and as affectionate to-
wards their offspring. Brothers marry
sisters among them, but never the eldest
sister; wives are purchased from the par-
ents by gifts of food; and, indeed, the
" subjection of women" is complete

A, among these, the lowest examples, proba- periment of civilizing some of the men
e bly, of 'that wonderful piece -of work, 'would'hbe of supreme interest';'we should
n man," formIed as 'we are told, after see anf epitome of the educatiAn of man-
SDivine image ,i'One curious peculiarity kind in the process; at- present they are
e of this race is that they never laugh, "'It so little looked upon as human beings
o is Juvenal ~iho long ago pointed out that that when a Wedda was tried and sen- ,.,
e tears aind smiles were the distinctive char- tended at Candy for killing another
acteristics of humanity, although "the Wedda who had bewitched his dogs, the
well-known line is not quite ac,(urate phys-- jury prayed mercy for the criminal as
biologically, since some animals wer-p-no- being only an animal," and he was fas-
tnl.l-'., l.-er. But laughter is indunbitably tened up like a aged monkey, nor could
a special function of reason, and every- he be taught to count as far as twenty,
body must havp felt, in gazing on the im- or to remember more than-nine letters of
mutable -:isage ,:'f :i cliarnnze,. or l.ib- the alphabet; that he could do so much is
Soon, that the creature Would come peril- the astonishing f-it, no. doubt; and we
ously uneirer to us in Jineage if he could hope that.Exeter hall will commission its
only relapse his simious lips into a maile. most jocular emmissaries to try their hand
"If you tickle us, do we not laugh?" upo:'n these poor and laughterle.,s people.
Shylock says, justly basing upon 'that -,Londo,, Ilay/, T7i/',r.'h./i.
ground of risibilify the common hu man-
ity he claims; but nobody could make a E N' i. I- N
Wedda laugh. They speak, as monkeys EGG DANCE IN INDIA.
chatter, in a loud, quick, excited way, and This is not, as one might expect from
theiir :,,unteutai'its wear much of the sim- the name given it, a dance upon these
ian. expression, profound discontent, per- fragile objects. It is executed in this
petual, timorous vigilance, and melancholy wise':, The 'dancer, dressed in. a corsage'
combined with cynicism. They weep co- and very short, skirt, carries, a willow
pini-lv sometimes, but never smile, and wheel of moderate diameter fastened hori-
the sight of a person laughing provokes zontally ,upon the- top of her head.
in them a manifest disgust. Mr. Hart- Around this wheel threads are fastened,
shorne tried upon his Cinghalese savages equally distant from each other, and at
l every device he could command to pro- the end of each of these threads is a slip-
e yvoke their mirth. He bethought himself noose, which is kept open by a glass bead.
I- in turn of Hbbbes, who says that laughter Thus equipped, the young girl comes to-
g springs from self-esteem; of Aristotle, ward the spectators with a basket full of
a who held that the incongruous and unex- eggs, which she passes around for inspec-
3- pected gave rise to it; and of Kant's the- tion, to prove that they are real, and not
e ory of heteronomy of the will, but not imitations. The music strikes up a jerky,
r- the faintest smile could be evoked from monotoifous strain, and the dancer begins
s these unhilarious wild men. In response 7to whirl around with great rapidity.
e to things which the most solemn Scotch- Then, seizing an egg, she puts it in one of
y man: would have'thought funny, the Wed- the slip-nooses, and, with a quick motion,
d das never relaxed a muscle, and being throws it from her in such a way as to
e asked whether they ever did laugh, an- draw the knot tight. The swift turning"
d swered in one of the saddest pieces of of the dancer produces a centrifugal force
1, ethnological information we are acquain- which stretches the thread oqt straight
e ted with: "No; why should we ? What like a ray shooting from the circumfer-
s is laughter, and what is there to laugh ence of the circle. One after another the
g about ?" Mr. Hartshorne could not see eggs are thrown out in these slip-nooses,
; anything in their facial conformation to' until they make a horizontal aureole or
e account for this incompetence; they, halo about the dancer's head. Then the
r looked like people who might enjoy a dance becomes still more rapid.--so rapid
D- joke, if they heard a good one, but there in fact that it is difficult to distinguish,
y never was 'heard a joke, bad or good, in the features of the girl; the moment is
s tleir jungle haunts, and just as their left critical; the least false step,'the least ir-
e arms have grown like steel with drawing regularity in time, _and the eggs dash
e thebow, s,:, their seii.-e:f humor has faded against each other. But. how can the
- away for want of exercise. To convert dance be stopped? There is but one way
e this'sad race, the person to send would be -that is to re-move the eggs in the way
e a merry-andrew, and not, a missionary. in which they hb4ai been put in'place.
e If ve ,:,ld win .:ime lauih from them, Iall This operation is by far the more delicate
I' t -,. i i. '.be r t j i-i'o. 1 1',rlIi. z'rjoii. ry O, o o w It :fL's-s~-tJat j -
n sciences, Christianity might all tind their cerby a single potion, exact and une1 --
t way to the Weddlas, if 'anybody could ring, should take hold of 'the egg, and re-
e once induce them to smile. We, greatly move it from the noose. A single false
t w isl: tile British association had discussed motion of the hand, the least interference
e the best way of making a Wedda laugh, /with one of the threads, and the general
Y for a whole race might be reclaimed by. arrangement is sualdenly broken, and the
this simple triumph. Would a chignon whole performance disastrously ended.
- do it, or a crinoline, or a' report of the At last all the eggs are successfully re-
f Dollingeir Conference, or a Ritualistic moved; the dancer suddenly stops, and'
, service, or a British-bishop's full dress, or without seeming in the least dizzied by
r a speech by Sir Wilfred Lawson ? Laugh- this dance of twenty-five or thirty mmin-
t ing gas might be tried, perhaps, with utes, she advances to the spectators with
a some faint hope of success; here, at any a firm step, and presents them the eggs,
, rate, is a whole race perishing because it which are immediately broken in a flat
- cannot smile. And it is strange to re- dish to prove that there is no trick about
e member how characteristic laughter is of the performance.-Scribner's d1,,Utt.
t the Japhetic aid IHamatic families of man-
e kind, as distinguished from the Semetic. A LIONS REGARD FOR W
e All Oriiental nations dislike it; there is, as A LION'S RGARD OR WOME
iwas pointed out in this meeting of the as- A correspondent of the Boston Adver-
r sociation, no instance of a happy or good- tiser gives this remarkable incident in his
natured laugh recorded in the b'ble, and experience with lions. A lion rarely at-
r Mr. Hartshorne added that he hal noticed tacks women, and I once witnessed a
e even Cinghalese proper covering their scene which will go further than the long,
mouth with their hands and turning away. est explanation toward illustrating this! -
- when they were laughing, as if ashamed. It was a hot, sultry day in July. The
The same gesture may be noticed in a' sirocco made the atmosphere dense with
country girl among ourselves; it is a relic sand and glare; the very earth seemed
of barbarism, like that of the dog, who on fire. I was returning from a little ex-
turns round and round upon the rug be- petition on the frontiers of Tunis, and as
fore he lies down,, dimly mindful of his I had some matters to settle with tribes
ancestral lair in the jungle grass. The in the environs of ta CalTe, I left my
question, where these ancient and melan- troops to return to Constantine, and fol-
cholic races come from, and to what stock lowed only by two spahis, turned' my
they must be referred, was previously de- steps toward ta Galle. Having started
hated by the association upon the text of just before day, we arrived about four
a paper by Sir Walter Elliot upon the o'clock in the afternoon at the ford of the
aboriginal tribes of India. Similar tribes, little river de la Mafrag. Our horses, as
although not quite so low on the scale of well as we ourselves, were sadly in need
f humanity, may be found among the for- of food and drink, and we stopped to re-
, ests and upon the hills of ]lindostap, fresh ourselves at a little inn kept by an
where the deadly fever of the lowland Euro.pean, and situated on a low mound
f and the inaccessible pathways of the jun- two or three hundred yards from the ford.
gle isolate them almost like the sea. San- While waiting for my frugal repast I un-
scrit literature is full of allusions to them buckled my sword, laid by my pistols, and'
as primitive "devils or deitys, inhabit- stretched out comfortably in the shade,
ing the peninsula, and the demons of idly watched a band, of Arab women
Lanka, against whom Rama and Hanu- washingclothes in theriver. All at once
man fought, were 'probably Gonds and I was startled by'cries proceeding from
Weddas. Like thdir sad kinsmen of Cey- the opposite side of a sand heap border-
Ion, the aboriginals ofj-India manifest sim- ing the river, and half a dozen women .
plicity of character, truthfulness, honesty came rushing into the midst of their
and patience. In many respects they are peaceable companions, dragging them into
remarkably similar to the Australoid race, the shallow water, and behind them a
which is a quite different one from the magnificent lion, his tail proudly in the
Papuan; but a great mystery still hangs air, and his .great ,brown eyes looking
over these questions, though it may be carelessly from one to the other. Paying ;p
possibly cleared up a li tile by the voca- filo attention to their retreat into the river, -
bulary which Mr. Hartshorne has corn- he followed-them there, rubbing himself- -
piled of the Wedda language. The ex- up against them, not seeming to mind iu ,



S- the least their cries or terrified gesticula-
tions, and-when he had had enough of it
he took a long drink of the running wa-
ter, and, .turning .majestically, walked
; away into theq mountains from whence he
had come. This lion was -a stranger in
that part of the county, and when on the
following day I went in search of him, he

The Vicksburg boy can stand up with
any other boy in the world against an ac-
cusation. The other day, when a Vicks-
burg mother discovered sugar on the pan-
try shelf, she called to her -boy and said:
"Some, one has been stealing this su-
S "Is it possible ?". he exclaimed, rolling
up his eyes in astonishment. "
Yes, it is possible, and the thief is
not far away, either !"
"'Ain't he? Do you suspect father?"'
"No, I don't."
Couldn't be the cat, could it ?" he. in-
quired, glancing under the table in search
of the feline.
"Cats don't eat sugar,,young mant!"
"They don't ?"
"No, sir; the thief is a boy about your
size." -
"H He is, eh ? I'd just like to catch him
in here once!"
"If this sugar is disturbed 'again,"
she said, as she covered the box, I know
of a boy'who'll get his jacket dusted."
S "That's bully I wish you'd` let me
stay out of school so's to see you catch
and maul him!"
And he went out to devour the other
lumps. !

I have, when in India, where I have
served for upwards of ten years, been
present at experiments with poisonous
snakes. The mongoose and the cat I can
safely aver, if fairly bitten, have no more
immunity from snake poison than. any other
animal. The mongoose, simply by his
greater activity, is enabled to overcome
poisonousreptiles. I will give one or two
instances of experiments to verify the
above at which I was present. The experi-
ments were conducted in a barrack-room
with closed doors, so as not to allow any
mode of exit, by a medical officer, in the
presence of myself and one other gentle-
Im.It. First, a large cobra was set at libeh:tv
:i-f'.ob "r t' tl-].l. room, and a t in-e ru-ii
goose belonging to a: soldier. The-mon.
goose, on seeing the snake, at once,went
toward it; on which the. cobra displayed
fear' and tried to get away. It, was not
until the mongoose nipped the tail.of the
cobra that the latter showed tijljr.. As
soon, however, as the cobra struck at the
mongoose, the latter, by superior activity,
seized the reptile by the head and at once
set to work and extracted a ftnal, which
.the animal swallowed. The mongoose
then released its hold, trotted, or, to speak
more correctly, ran once or twice round
the room, leaving the snake to itself for a
space of four or five minutes, when it again
attacked the cobra without any interfer-
ence on our part, the same p-rfi.,riu.ani -
as before being repeated, -ind the re-
maining fang extracted. The cobra,
although so grievously :wounded,- on be-
ing released by the mongoose a second
time, attacked it, with great! ferocity.
The latter animal treated it much in the
same way as, a cat 'would treat a, mouse.
Finally, having again seized the cobra, it
set to and.eat the head only, leaving the
rest of the body untouched.! This, I
think, shows conclusively that the reptile
was overcome by superior activity. Ex-
periment No. 2 : .A wild mongoose, re-
cently caught, was put to a cobra, both
reptile and animal being held. The snake
was made to fairly bite the mongoose,
which was then released, but,unfortunately
lost sight of. It was found dead next.
morning. Experiment No.. 3 was on a
cat,.which was at first let loose in a room;
with a fresh cobra. Both displayed, fear-
of one another, and could not be, brought
to approach. Ultimately snake and catty
were both held, and the former made to;
bite the latter in the thigh. The cat
showed nio signs of being affected for.
nearly an hour. It was then given in
charge to a native sweeper, who reported
the cat as very sick an hour and a half
after. It died within four hours after be-
Sing bitten. Experiments' were also tried
on pariah dogs, both with and without'
injecting ammonia. In all cases the dogs
*i':1 ; those which were epidermically
injected surviving from a quarter to a
half hour longer than the others not so
treated. The exhaustive experiments of
Drs: Fayrer and Richards, under the au-
thority of the government of India, IL
think have conclusively settled the point
as regards the incurabilityy of snake-bites.
With regard to.mongooses, I have seen.
3. themn'put to fight snakes on several occa-
,.> sions, and whenever the mongoose at-

tacked the snake it invariably overcame
the latter by superior activity, A mon-
goose which has been lately fed persist-
ently refuses to .attack a snake, although
never showing the slightest fear in its
presence.-Land and Water.

Galen and 'Hippocrates gained immortal fame
as physicians. Their names will live forever,
but the remedies which they used are either dis-
carded or forgotten. From their time to the pres-
ent day new remedies and so-called specifics have
been offered to the public-have been tried and
found wanting, but now the untiring efforts of
our physicians seem crowned with success in' the
productionmof the celebrated Home Stomach Bit-
ters. 'W.yhenever they have been tried, they have
invariably produced a beneficial effect on all dis-
eases of'tbe bowels and liver.


/The United States Land Office for Florida is located at
Gainesville. Being largely engaged in land interests,
thoroughly familiar with the whole State, and on the spot
to give personal and immediate attention, this Agency offers
unusual advantages in locating United States Homesteads,
or in the sale, andl in the purchase and renting of real es-,
tate. All correspondence promptly answered. 101-112-3



Northern visitors will find Monticello one of the most
pleasant, healthy, and quiet retreats in the State. The
water here is equal to that in the mountains, society as re
fined as in the South, daily mails, and double-daily railroad
connections. The Hotel is delightfully situated, with
large, airy, modernly-furnished rooms, fare as good as the
best, and rates as low as any. It is within easy drive of
the very finest hunting and fishing regions, with ample
facilities: for hiring horses and teams. Invalids cap find
no home in Florida more attractive. 100 112-7'


The undersigned takes pleasure' in informing her
friends and the public generally that she has:opened a
private boarding-house, where board will be furnished on
reasonable terms, either with or without rooms.
100-103-7 MRS. J. L. MUNROE.



SXANUr-narTriMns An .x-TaRs .-
Seasoned lumber constantly on hand. .All orders will
be promptly filled. 100-125-3

A 'young lady, thoroughly qualified' to teadl, desires a
Best references given and required.
Address "0.," care AsmicunLTRIST. 100-103-7

has no superior in the market for pumping water for farm
irrigation purposes. For durability,.simiplicity, and power
and in its perfectly self-goverping arrangements, it is
without a compeer.
For circulars, &c., address
C. A. SCHOOLEY, Agent,
97-109-3 Jacksonville, Fla
Agents for sale of B. F. Avery & Son's plows, hairows,
cultivators, and all kinds farm implements, seeds, plants,-
Champion Fire Extinguishers, Dearing's Horse Engines,
Consignments of Florida fruits and country products
solicited. 95-146-3


Sent post-paid on receipt of the price,-$1 25.





Watches, Clocks 'and Jewelfy repaired .and warranted.
Sole agent for the c..:'-.r1u-.i L',amian Shell-work.
Constantly on hand a i'-U I .,' i ,1; '.r IT.:.ri, -
Beans, Coral, Sea Shells, f-o-'rl.. .',,. E P .
Orange and Pahlmetto Canes, &c:,, &d.
Situated in Marion county, the garden of Florida, on the
south side of Orange lake, the natural home of the orange,
surrounded by thelargest sweet.orange groves in the world.
Recently divided into lots of 10, 20, and 40 acres, and now
offered for sale at a LOW PRICE, on reasonable terms. In-
formation cheerfully furnished by


Ocala, Florida.

All orders filled promptly a," i .ra dispatch. Satisfaction guaranteed.
Post-office-Lock Box 45. L. WARROCK, No. 4 West Bay Street,
51-76-102 Jacksonville, Fla.


S II lO l .~
W all Paper, Window Sham.." an F.::Ti-. Lo.. Gls-.:, P[..|.. F i rn... .- ''r,. i'il.i..:
i'-:":i.-. -u1.1 L1 N .:.n 'i'.rn r..[ ;. j
49 &' O BAY STREET ic-nr.enM Pine ;:di Lwui.i Sir',1:,i, JACKsONVILLE, L
r .rie., i n.h rir..mrrr ,rr.: i. .1 ,. 5\.- 0al., t -i.r .1

I LWO L-.-. 01- 0 J.[. -III,]. W..
A. o. H.SISEV,. j o.'" El '


58104-3 Goods sent by mail or express to any part of the State.



ATT. '.'A. ROGERS & CO.'S,

Dealers in Choice Family Groceries, Provisions, Confectionery, fruits, Tobacco, Cigars, &-c.,
Orders from the country will be filled promptly at very lowest rates. 96-1w1-3 '


And dealer in
Store, Range and Steamboat Coal, &c.

Sole agent for Florida for Averill's Chemical Paint, and
White's Patent Money-drawer.

Agent for
Van Brunt & Bro.'s line Sailing Packets from NEw Yoax.



Containing ten acres with bearing g tree on Bridge Street
and St. Sebastian river, directly back of Senator Gil-
bert's.. A ri.. 1-.:-:i...- f*.rr ion. ormoreresidenced.
Jacksonville;, Fla.

in Jacksonville, for sale.

The undersigned, proposing to remove to his planta-
tion up the river, will sell his residence in this city,
with nmansard roof; with furmture complete if desired.
Jacksonville, Fla.
In his absence apply to J. C. GREELEY. 54-tf-3

A FREE HOMIE.-TIwill give a building lot, in the
new town of Rosewood, to'any one who will improve
,it. Good Government land can be entered within a half
mile of the depot, and State land bought at $1-5 per acre.
It is believed that no Government land can be found in the
State so accessible. Send for circular: Apply at Waverly
Hopse, Jacksonville, Fla. Address me at Rosewood, Levy
cqmty, Fla. C. B. DIBBLE.
September 24, 1875. -91-142-8

We offer for sale our stock of
and other small fruit plants, cheap, and in varieties espe
S, cially adapted to the Southern climate.
Send for price list. Address
M1-104-3 Tallahassee, Fla.

HIas the largest stock of
embracing Hardware, Stoves, Crockery, Saddlery, Doors
Sash and Blinds, Paints, Oils and Glass.
Plumbing, Gas-fitting and Roofing Done to Order.
Wholesale and retail dealers in
Mosquito *ets and Fixtures; Black Walnut
and White Pine Lmnber. ,.
Salesrooms: Bay street, corner of Laura (up stairs)


Orders from the country will be filled promptly at very
-' lowest rates.

Sash, Doors and Blinds, Builders' Hardware, Stoves and
Tin-ware, Paints and Oils, Iron, Steel, Rope,
Belting, &c., Ac.
Have just received a new and complete seock, which will
be sold at rare prices.

Wholesale and retail
BAY ST., (Hoeg's block,) JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
Wholesale orders at Savannah and Charleston








- \

. ...




t 88



All letters on business should be addressed to CHAs. H.
WAxToN & Co., 'Publishers, and all matters connected
with the Editorial Department to Editor FLOlmnA Aom-
curLTRmsT, Jacksonville, Fla.

,-Three Dollars a Year, in advance; Single
Copies, Ten Cents.

In Clubs of 6 at................... .;.:$2.50
'In Clubs of 15 at ........................ 2.25
'And a 'Colpy to the gettir-up of the Club.
Subscriptions should be sent .by draft. pon..:.tlIc
'money-order, or registered letter,-otherwise 'i. Publ.hb-
eis will-not be responsible, in case of loss.
On 8th page, each insertion per line (nonpareil), 6
cents; on t5th page, 5 cents; ,on other pages-(except 1st
':and 4th), 8 cents. Special notices, on 5th page, per line,
l5 cents. I
,T Twelve lines measure one inch.
SAbout nine words average a line after the first line,
'which usually contains, only four or file words .
SReading matter notices, in solid minion, 20 cents per
line. .- 1 1 1 ; 1
Quarterly, half yearly and yearly advertisers will be
q allowed special rates, on application.
Advertisements, in order to secure insertion, must be
sent in by Monday of each'week. .
.Address, CHAS. H. WALTON & CO.,
Jacksonville. Fla.
5 4

Articles relatjeg to any topic within the scope of this,
,paper are solicited.,-
We cannot promise to return rejected manuscripts.
All communications intended'for publication. must be
accompanied with real name, as a guarantee of good
faith. Names will not be published if objection be made.
No anonymous contributions will be regarded.


CHAS. H. WALTON & CO., Proprietors.
C. CODRINGTON, Business Agent.
OFicE: "Union" Building, Bay Street.


JA A".-.',I- LLE., DE< lf0 f:'R 4, 1I:


i' Ai'Tu .. .J D O t. I-E.i: r' .', , I ....' -
is, d -. i T .U-L A<..:KrL -


To A. iJ: t. A.-The insect you sent us is only
a common slug. They cannot injure the tree, in
our opinion. The orange dog, as it is called, is
another species, that is very destructive to the,
leaves of orange trees. They should be. de-.
stroyed. Early in the morning is the best time
to find them. The eggs on the leaf you send are
deposited by a'moth. We have repeatedly seen.
them, but never saw,the moth itself.


The inhabitants in some parts of Central
America have a curious way of keeping weevils
out of their corn-cribs. They catch crawfish,
same as our shrimps here, and roast themrin the
fire, and place them among the corn. We were
told by a person who had resided there for years
that it was an effectual remedy. It costs little,,
and is worth trying.

Mr. E. W. Gillen, living near this city, has
brought a large West Indian yam potato to our
office, and a bunch of very fine bright-colored
oranges, the product of his farm. Those who
see them will be convinced that oranges can be
produced in Duval county, and on the west side
of the river, too.

We return thanks to Mr. B. F. Townsend, of
St. Johns Bluff, for some samples of chufas
grown by him. Mr. Townsend says: "I planted
half a pint of them in light sandy soil, about
eighteen inches apart, and gathered half a bushel,
and this was only half of them, on account of
their destruction by moles and salamanders.
They need no cultivation whatever. The soil
should not be too rich or too poor. They should
be gathered when the leaves begin to turn yel-

Will those to whom we have distributed this
grass please report progress. Some who received
'it about here are doing well with it, while
others have appeared anxious to get the plants,
and then thrown them to one side and forgot
to plant them. We have been at considerable
expense in introducing it, knowing the value it
will be to the State. Everything that we bring.
here is valuable, and time will show it. For a
long time we could not get anyone to appreciate
the Guinea grass, but now people are finding
out its value. We have distributed seeds of
nearly one hundred varieties of valuable fruit and
S ;bhr-ii':, ... it i: .:.n'lnow and then e,'.,mn g.ti any
account of them. So.:ui. pe-:opii: .'-. lh-it the,
seeds into hot sand, and forgot all abbutthem
u itl reminded, and then found them parched"

up. This,is disr'uraging, and those who we
know will not iake care of what we give them
need not apply, to us formpre. We would like
a report from those who 'have received-seed's, as
to how they are succeeding. Sdminetime ago 'we
brought over seeds of'the Scotch borine! pepper
Some we gave to Mr. A. F. Styles,,of this city,,
and he presented us with a" sample of the pro-
duct as good as any wV ever saw in thc'We~As
Indies.I 'This is the- only pepper that is consid-.
ered worth; eating there. It is very hot,:but fine-'
flavored,'and the best for pickling.. People here
do not eat pepper enough. The inhabitants of
,all tropical countries find it essential to their
health. Even'the chickens me lou.l of it, and
detour the bird-peppeis with relish.

Continuing our notes of the discussion at the
late meeting of the Fruit-Growers' Association,
the question of fertilizers being up, 'Colonel
Dancy said that' he was teetotally opposed to any"
heating or tLimularing feiiliz,:-e forithe orange.
He considered common swamp muck one of the
best fertilizers.
Judge Du Pont thought the cow-pea the best
'and most. valuable fertilizer for any crop. He
said that he is now growing on .a piece of his
land the fifty-first'successive crop, and it was the
crack field of cotton in Gadsden county. He had
used the cow-pea for manure. It will not hurt
the orange.,
Mr. Bishop and others concurred with Judge
Du Pont in his estimate of the value of the cow-
pea. Mi': Bishop thought the cow-pea would'
prove as valuable to Florida as clover at the
North. In planting an orange grove he would
select dry, rolling land, near a muck-bed-soie-
thing like a peat-bed: This he would distribute
thoroughly, and then fill in with vegetable mould '
-the cow-pea mostly, or a variety of the pea he
had used called the conch-pea. The pea may
be manured highly. You may thus make a good
grove on common' pine land.
Colonel Dancy said he had used the conch-pea.
He had planted it near the trees, and it ran all
over-the ground, and -interfered with the orange
trees, finally killing the young trees. If used,
it should be planted in the' intermediate rows-
then it could be cut off and kept from encroach-
ing upon the trees.
C. L. Robinson had used the cow-pea by grow-
ing it in a separate field, and trenching it in near
the roots of the trees. He. had found, it very
'~^AT 7T33rri'i;i risi,.l ;.uii .'hc- ,rn.nr:-;.f Li.st.,-L.;--
kept up their sugar plantations by iiisin-te Lc.,w.
pea as manure, and the same (:oild bI: dJuc o4,
the pine lands of Fl-'ri.1'--L.y auruiu- unid'..r the
An inquiry being made as to rie be- i time for
turning in toi-, 'w-pet., iMr. Robinson rbouglht it
should be J.ne whel-n the pod is .ir!- ,t the time '
of its most vigorous growth.
,G. B. Underhill said he had lived in Louisiana,
and it was a moot question among planters there
whether the pea should be turned in at all. If
left alone to decay, after taking off the, crop, in
his opinion, the result is equally as beneficial.
Thought the benefit accrues from its shading the
ground during the hot summer, In Louisiana,
all agree in placing a high value on the pea as a
fertilizer. This is also the case with Louisianians
here in Florida.
Colonel Danicy opposed turning in the green
vine, as the crop is too valuable.' He does not
like to lose it. Thinks the good comes from the
shading of the ground. He lets it)lie through the,

winter, and turns under in the spring. Lime in
any form is good for orange trees. Perriwinkle
shells had been used by Colonel Hart with good
Judge Du Pont, reasoning from his experience
with sugar-cane, thought the use of stable ma-
nure would not suit the orange. In Gadsden
county it is never used on sugar-cane land. On
one occasion he had some cane accidentally grow
near his stable, and it made a fine growth. Some
of the children cut it, and, upon eating it, com-
plained that'it was salt. It would probably affect
the orange.
Colonel Dancy having accidentally'remarked
that many of the diseases of the orange were due
to getting the trees too deep when puttingout,
his (opiln..,u tw..- % inaly endorsed by Mr. Bishop,
Colonel Hart, U. L. Robinson, W. K. Cessna, and
,others. Mr. Bishop 'thought' too much stress
could not be plit upon the 'advice not to' lilant'
too deep. The collar of the tree should never lie
out of sight. In inspecting 'a grove affected with
the die-back he ]had found evident' signs of too
deep plaiir,.. H,: -, .,ini: all concerned'against
what is termed contractt planting. Parties would
contract fo pli on tre:-:, warranting them to live a
year. The only chre taken would be that they
should live for that time. By the use of stimu-
lating manures, &c., they would show a thrifty
appearance, but it was at the expense of future
growth and well-being.
Mr. Cessna, in the matter of transplanting,
would follow nature, putting the trees at the.
m,: ,i,:l.t1. in the nursery or. ild grove, be-
ing careful not toput any deeper. Due allowance
should be made for settling.
The opinion being advanced that the fruit froni-
bu.r- oth ntl.:-.i ..i .u_- trees would take a trac ,
Ir.:.n til.- ;. :', il l : -..1.- ,-, M .i r, MI ijj-Ij. p w h o'-
.l irhiu t rie i _',. t toi i -be :....:-c 'c '' e re dif-


. .. ........ .. .. -" 1

ferent .peciie3; -thait hbe seed of one would never li
produce't'he 'thler'i.' '" :-:,; 'i % : d
Mr. Cessna itbought ihat gflftiig into a, sour I
',stump could not affect the fruit, instancing the: 'sa
graft of the pear into the quince, the peach into ti
the plum, and the apple into the haw. p
Colonel Hart said that Dr: Moragne had a Tan.. a
gerine orange, which *as budded on a' sour ree f
''ome ten or twelve yei ii'ag., Mis. McNab hal h
;planted-.the seed from this, and.it proeduc'ed a tine .sl
[r.iij ri'nc orange tree;',The fruit follows:the, ]sl
seed. "V ,"
A ru.:eti-r (a new-comer) having' asked' how-- cc
peachesdlo in Fldrida, Mr. Cc-iSna -iltat:-d al he be
npow lad'treeson, wil,. th ,i',S L ip,:n in a.iy,
an.I others on which they ripen in November;u'
All Cf iLhb-m are'the native' perul', and tie ti. : 'ci
lHe thought the trees from il i;T..:.i, .ii ;ri-; "it
bl'oughtAdheirihabits with them-ripen late, &c. c.
'There is no need to bring foreign 'peaches here. T
:urs ,iu- better, than qan be got ,isewli-re- t[
Nortlier, .eed are no good. Tlihp' t time for, u
planting the peach is just after' eating the ripe T
"r'lit ; That is Nature's time, when thei- fuit is 11
f' l I ".'. p
Judge Du Pont said there was a peach gr.owun
near Suwannee. Springs, called tIbu Lvatriunti;
which he thought was the finest il'the' world.'
It was better than the Jersey ]:,..hu, .laitii, :
The subject of grapes-being up, Mr. Cessna said S
that the Delaware does better here'than at the i,t
North. The Concord ripens uu.'veuly, buft int
this respect improves with age, ripening .uaiu .
evenly as it grows older. He preferred the spi- y
ral or stake system to the trellis, because'of the' rii
d.,,_i: .uiiug the last of June '.,r ibe first of .inil, a'-
when the grape is ripening. Ii i thiin getting too.
warm, and the' stake system allows a free- cirepla- d;
tionofair. T .:- vin.:s [m titl:.'l?[pt ,r he .' r.:.uil. M
Being asked it i: iadis iujnijieJ bIr : t riut,'he :ii -
he would, ift' possible, coax thb-e Lirdii iu : rh e su
grapes, as they eat more worms than grapes., ', I,
-'In our next, we will :1'e iijr nit' i oii reg01 'r th
ble-growing, their mi'p:'jila.ion, w
.--- : '* in
In a former number we informed our readers ail
of the fine display of ti'Ir rbut wa' s cE.-:Lb,it.l at diE
fthle meeting of. the fruirt.-ro,,w-e- in F.-rurn.'l;.n, u
and that the fruit had been given, to Captain N
.Faircloth and Mr. James Kydd for exhibition in of
New York. :Mr. Kydd writes "us as follows: ea
We, exhibited' the fruit .in, the most thronged TU
part of Broadway, at the most central fruit-store th,
in the city, and it attracted a great'deal of no- ; ca:
twice. I Li,.i :;iri,-soimeof the fruit tosome of K.
t ei.iit:'[r ie:, 'jj.i th-y want some of' your" :
paper-s a ir ii .:I |.,,:,c din~ :. il'i meeting.. I all
can uJi 1io, I, A".j-,; iarion i ,,i n t otii.. 1 'ere in that thL
way, and materially aid the .Association by in-' c 'I
during immigration." .We have sent'on the pa- r s:L
pers required by Mr. K d..Ld, and hope soon to nO
h-. ,'r ,IIurlilc from him.. Er
S, is

A correspondent of the Ocala Banner, signing It
himself "Hack Away "-a fit name-says : So
Sometime ago there appeared an article in.THE anc
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST from a party residing tih
in II.pois, addressed to Mr. Codrington, asking a -,,
.-*.li-. -Iir,, .of numbered questions touching the I.,-.
healthfulness, the climate, and soil of Florida, its to9
-*1 ii.. ;liiy i.. f ii-i, tliule, ,:-i- ecially the or-' orr
u_'. l'b.: ub.. ".':. l >'lI,..: i, ii' 1 remember cor- c,
].. i ll'w I. l thli, i l..-1 o'r the AGRIOUL- ..1
T i-i ...:.ul ]i _-2 the article at and),.ran sub- th-i
S 13.i ,Hy as follows: ".If we should determine, me
.. L- 1 ; 1 _l'. cultivation i ii'- ..i *i- what .ber
I ,,I Fl.-.r;.l, would you i, L.. lmmu: .Mr. hea
Codrington answered this question in substance wh
as follows: "Go to Indian river by all means.' we
Then follows a string of abuse c.t rL.. :.lii.c of an
r I, paper, complaining that we are not.advertis- sufl
ing Marion county; that we have axes to grind sivy
in sending people to Indian river, &c. To all this the
the answer is sufficient that the i i'..- r,,.:-. r gave' the
the advice which Hack Away" says he did, wo
and that he has no pecuniary interest whatever the
in that section. If." H'ack Away is a constant an
reader of our paper (which we ,i..AI.,th:.. has u't- sip
tered a malicious falsehood. vor
But we think we know where the trouble lies, in1
and can lioint out the remedy. t ii.: M ''.., L'
county, one of the finest in thed r 1.:- '.'A i.b '-- unfi
did and cheap lands that can grow anything,.yet
people pass it by to settle iu Si.tiur:r cuuij'. '.
Why? Because Sumter county hhas ,ise men, ',
who form granges, agricultural societies, tell of ''
Ih,:ll I`i.i hll, i : i h.ui [ ..Ll 1 -: = :tO_ LIll Id 0 it] L I 'i rt
t,,: ,' -.'"i" r" ii,- ,,,, '_" ..-it, is to coinq anc.I shaare. ..garr
with them; Who" ever hears:. fr-om.i-' Marion ,A
county? Except a splendid display of fruit at the:
themeetingo., it-r: lirUitGi'.-:ls' A'bociutu, u.: o
one takesthue rl ,iiI.'., i .. '.i:j i ,ia iranth-u 'e-s be rapid
known. Instead of whiispering.in 'the' ears bf his ",no
local papers, let Haick A-wt.y and 6i1l:r s -.c'k< the
loudly in this paper. T.II ["-eople hibt 3.C-n 0i' b ne a
splendid -orange groves ;Juil ine btau.Ana planta- pan
tions. You can grow sugar-cane ten .feet long; the
ackems to curd dh"ills(if you ever have any). Show Con
the advantages youpbossess. 'Ihvite others'to.come .whTi,
and share them, and, as you call us an oracle, we kno
predict that plenty of people, will go and see you, a m'
and plenty will settle amoung-you. But be men; the
write for yourselves.. Do sibbt wait'for a stray Key
stranger' to c,:;me iamou, ypu. to do, what you can
should i-,'l,inE yurs,.-l'.'.1 How canyon expect A.
is, who never saw these things,'to detbribe them, he.
when you, who live among them, will' no:t d so all
yourselvesa Last year you got.hold .of a lize_ .i a

ion. You feted and feasted him,' He was' to -'
[o wonders for you. What good hlifs',resulted?
Po show the interest we lake in your- county we
ent a special correspondent, Luavelling on foot,
hat he might more thorugiily -exaniine and re.
port. We have hi' report on hand, and it is now
appearing. So you can see wv are doing more
or you than you will do for yourselves. -You
ave an excellentlocal paper. Write fur it. In-7
tead of tilling with straws, take gool lances and
how your -mettle'; .biut d1: uot let -iuet puny,
whining fools as" Hack Away" bring -you into ,
ontempt i

;In companyy with. Colonel' D. H. Elliot, tIi p.. tp
ial agetit0of the Atlantic and Gulf Railroad, we
rj--,etpid :.u-ne of the 'new cars made for the
:'eurevaiie of fruit' to tMe Northeru markets.
he ventilaion is perfect in every itespect, and *'
: c.ar, i. "ing furnisbed with springs,' presents
ie y:itjiun- thai is so iLujutiotiu to iruit in transit.
t13F-,; cars are iEtendiJe to run in connection
ith the passenger train, insuring quick trans-
:,i *tion to the North. "

The following article was putlisbed iu au
nglislh paper, the La.'-,r Nt,c, regarding the
"uthern States. We ,,te pleased to see Lnait it
Iti be-n 'aswerer by ...ne ot our Leesburg
, ,- ++ ""; ,I C- 1 "
The v,-'ide egkiu known as the listss sijipi
alley comprises tweiy six Sr.es and Territo
i... P ittin;r,: ide thb' Iltter a wild, unsettled,
'.l niirf t.or tthe Englii, e-nIigrnLr, the oi.ilota ig ',
at,- u., 7 DC .'id :, bare .a tmpJer te l tli elat ,
Id to b: 'imparatively fr-ee from epidm;L '
,.. sI Ohio, Indi mau, Illin,:i, W iconsiu,
ichigno, Minnesota, Ilwa, Nebra_;ka, uand Kan-
i. Thi '-:, isirici. s a i: olr tie most part well
applied) ii L labor, and it is extremely impr:ob-
pie that lan ,:nsidirite numberr cf EugliL ,
boihris w,'ul:ifidid their condition improved if
'-.i weui to ay of' those States, while many
enuid bL, eXp.-.i tro great suffering and disap- .
'intmeniit it should be made known thbt even
ti: ube;libi,~-r iparis of America n':-n'-comers
rve ito )n-'.|r.o a evi'c:,-" procncr~_ oI aj-i' matiza-! -
-n, e--pecilly i itnairemployment is in th open
r. Tiue extremes otf beut and c.,ld, ihe coarse
et of Indian corn-bread and pork, and the hard
ilh; .:iC':'. fr,.m all laboring.peo),le in Amer.
i, 're 'Ir'inrl -en tothe strongestt Con-itli.jioni.
i-w alivjils r rI pec, t liialiy liable to itacks .
fe er ,nI a ue, caied .illi nd fever," a dii-
se wlii': p ails more ,I le-.s Itra'. 'hout ibe-
qitecl ]ai,. ', and it o t h r panilri,''i- d-ea :--.
these remarks apply with .till greater' force to
e mote S,,uihein St.ats, indcudel in wnl.t is
lied tb.: M,-issieppi V:ll':.y, namely : Mis-souri,
:uliLl 'T cn -.,.e. Ai.,b tm-j., isisii pi, Lou-
an: Te'- ., Ar'l:-t'."., N.-I th .an d.So iut ('rn "
a, ',:oigli anld FloiUid. Tbhee ;'.let, espp|| ,
y those bordering the Gulf, of Mexico o.
e M.s- i-l.pl river, are liable to, periodical in-
rn.- :.t' ,etyllov: iever. The plague usually'
,l-:.s iis ,pl.yea.iurice atr the-Gulf seaports, and
reads with-fatal rapidity, running up the rivers
d r.Illi,'lv.i: inte the interior of the country.
r.glitiu iA.r: rs should on no account be placed
ibti Ihe i u.ne of this dreadful sc.iourge-that
to say, they ought not 'to be placed in any
rt.of the Mississippi Valley south of St. Louis.,
happens, however, that it is .precisely the
uthern States which are in want of labor, and
iere, therefore, glowing promises of tig h wages
d good treatment are likely to be held out to '
e Eu.lji I i:rr, He is wanted:to replace :
: u,:.r._.. who works irregularly and whose num-
I z In Iuy)districts aie declining. iHeis wanted
grow cotton-the great staple of those States-
even in some places sugar and rice. These are
.pi.ii.,..4 C.r ubLich no whie mt-n is dited,.least
ul in Eulisb li .]u r. r, new to the c IImate, and '
.ij r .,I .0i uniDj'iosr.tmed Iood The experi-
nt was tried a few years ago of sending a num-
r of English laboring fiAuiilies to Texas, the
althiest of the.Gulf Stve-, under arranizerient- s :. r
rich it was hoped would har,, insured their
fare; but they were placed, fur the nmot part,
towns connected with the coa.it by railtay,
d many fell victims to yellow fever. Others .
fered severely from diseases induced by exces- .
e toil, unaccustomed food, an.d exposure to
heat of a semi-tropical sun. It is 'not too
ch to say that in any other of the Gulf States
risi; i., v' hibich oiii;Praul would b,. crSpozdtl
uld .i": '.rn :atet'r tih u in 'Texas. 'The point, .
refc':, i- ich bthe utte-ntion "'rf [be public
I of Lun li-lh iab rietssiboulJ b- directe,-.l in this,
t in the :u:.re te-mpr.ate regiu st AtLb-Missis-'
pi, where ilj.- cundljuns would e leastunfk-:
able to the laborer, he is not wanted ; while,.,
,b. S.,Lherni States, which may pro:b.ioly bid
hb ir hii -erviceSi, h is wanr,.I hie.1flV t otaro)w
r :,nu, a I l ,:.f lirbo' Ior whiIch be is hyyic'.tlly''
fitted. .
i +,,.' ;ANSW tER. .' ... .
LEE.DBUni-, Fla.. Auuis',28th,~1875.
i... El,.,, .* ,,c .,;., ~ .o. ,!. L. ',
Sit With your permnilSion I de-s;re'to correct
, ninfitlindei sate>iunt' nmadc- in y3ur recently '
cle on the sNli3ispipi;Va'lley, -spec-cily'as re- '/
ds Florida:
. to health, this State stands pre.eminent.in,
Union as a sanitarium, invalids from all parts
king hither, not only to sta, for the winter,
inLmany cases to reside permanently. *The7
id 'changes of temperature, and- the dreaded
irthers" incident to Texas, are here.unknown,
climate greatly resembling in temperature
t of Australia.- Our' greatest summer heat .
er exceeds 100 degrees, and is always accom-
iled by more or less breeze, while in winter
mercury rarely sinks as low as thirty degrees.
trast this with Canada's 107 degrees above
thirty degrees below zero, and then say
ch place you would prefer. The disease
wn as chills and fever is here usually of quite
ild type, and is unknown in many sections of
State. Yellow feve" .:i *- visit le iaierior,
g confined to the t""rtr .'-t' P,--jci:.,,l a and
West. For consumptives no better resort
be found. .
s to labor,'it is here not nearly so hard as at -
North. The .p ,,i; !.. ,:', in ti-'. ight s,-,il ".
lot weigh over tI-.".-ny-ive pounds, sn6ck auni ld "
and require only ..,ie uor-e to pull Ibem It' -'
great mistake to suppose that cotton, sugar, ;,r.




L p d rice demand harder work than English
crops; on the ,contrary, they' are much more
easily raised, and so far from white men being
'unfitted for the task; it is one which is univer-
sally engaged in by them, negro help being only
resorted to occasionally. -To.my personal knowl-
edge, the entire work.pf raising cotton can be,
and in some instances is, done by white 'boys of'
ten or twelve years and white women, the sons
and dauglhters'of neighboring farmers. White
laborers can -easily find employment in most
parts of the State, at rates of $1 or $1.25, per
day without board, $15 to $20 per month with
board-$1 a day, with board, being' the 'most
common-or they can raise a 'crop on shares.
Millions of acres are open to homestead settle-
ment, and are being rapidly occupied. The man
who will' plant an acre in orange trees will in
ten or even less years make 100 a year or even
more, supposing he raises his trees from the seed,
'while if budded on sour stocks that figure would
bWreached in half the time.. Besides this, those
who settle adjacent to transportation make 50"
to 60 per acre by raising early vegetables for
the Northern market. Inquirers.are referred to
Jacksonville, price 10 cents, or $3 a year. am,
sir, yours obediently, C ,. UPTON,
l Formerly of London, England."

Mr. Childs, from Madison, Indiana,has bought
Mir. Gaummeger's farm, two'miles above -.lie Lry,
0on the west bank-fifteen ticres-for $2,000.
A new steamboat', the Pastime, 'from New'
Ilaven, Conn., has arrived here to run between
-Jacksonville and Tocoi during the winter season.
Floyd Brown, who murdered his wife a few
months ago, has been convicted of niinil-r i th:,
"first degree.. '.
A. J. Bidwell has completed his- greenhouse,
and it is now open for inspection, corfer- of
Ocean and Adam streets.
A dramatic company has leased National Hall
for the season. -
A laundry, has been established in the city.
Penniman & Co. are furnishing large .quanti-
ties of crates to our fruit-growers. See their ad-
Mr. James E. Picket brought to our office a
sugar-cane near ten feet long, grown on Maarl
farm, on King's road, eight miles north of Jack-

We calculate that, at the least, $101iinii .'ire
spent here every year by visitors for curiosities
of one kind and another. Of these, alligator's
teeth and sea-beans are the most extensively
purchased. Then follows shell work, fish-scale
work, f,.:.ali oc w,5rk, ornamental grasses, orange
canes, t.' Ti- alligator's teeth i-_ polished,
a'lnd mRe -up into whistles, sleeve, links, shirt
studs, brooches, ear.rinur and the il ,r.it ti-;i:
for canq-heads., We have. known onetlaige tooth,
sold for $25. A great deal of artistic skill is em-
ployed in carving them, and some of the woi'kis
very beautiful. The sea-beans, when p'-..11, be
are made up into charms, o10ckets,.sleeve buttons,
and the smallest into ear-rifigs. The ji: ehlry :
work used in mounting some of these is very
fine. The beans are found on the coast,,..-r
Southern Florida, where they have l.-',n IhLroi n
up by the Gulf Stream. : They grow in theWest
Indies, and are washed down into the s. iy iL1t-
freshets there. The people here, not ka-..w-.
where they came from, thought thi-7 wie : pri:- :
duct of the sea,' whence their name' but. they
have a different name in the-West Indies. Theyj
are the product of a gigantic vine, ant L 6,r ain
pods, like any other bean.. Samples of '.bi pojs,
can be seen in our office. The pods generally
contain three, never -more than four, beans.
Those pods that contain only two are hli;,il
prized in St. Domingo, and are worn as charms,
against evil spirits and disease. -v
The first thing visitors do'vi h.- n .-.v : :nme ,u.-
is topilu It ,tr .i ;.: 1 c -i b. = -- -Ic, -- i.,.- aub TL,.:it
outfit i; nit :L'1: 1.,--,l w irIuil][ [bIL i. O hia- | I,:7- ,
people are as y-r employed ou -ht:-l work. W'Lh.]t
are sold here are imported mostly l'r,:n N.:-.u-i
The fish-sgcale work a u industry,:, i::.-er .Jate.
Some of our people have arrived at great excel
lence and taste in making'it.- It is really chdest
and lovely. The working-up of ti:iilj' iib
Ornaments is also a new industry, but ou00 tlat
is destined to become large. Our birds of differ-,
ent plumage are so numerous that the f.: aLiL-
can be had of any color to suit, without the ne-
cessity of dyeing:them, and, therefore, are more
durable on that account.
SOrange canes are inmade from the shoots -tai
come from the roots of the orange trees-chieflyri
the sour, orange. The lemon also gives some.
Thousands are annually sold. There are several
other kinds of wood also made into canes. On.
some of them images.,of alligators, birds, &c.,
are carved. The ornamental grasses grow in
the marshes and oin the sea-coast of the State.
They only require to be .iLct:eid and tied up
into boquets to command good. prices. They
are used for, trimming hats, baskets,.&o. This
gives employment to many boys and girls in
gathering.them. A large business is also done
in palmetto 'work-such as hats, baskets, fly-
brushes, napkin-rings, &c. Many a woman in
Sthe country makes'her pocket-money from this,
but St. Augustine and FPernandina are the great
seats of this industry.
There are many other articles and products
S made and grown here thliat command ready sale;
in.fact almost anything in the State that is at all
Sa novelly to the Northern people is purchased
r to carry away as a memento of their visit to the


" Land of Flowers." There are still, however,
many things that can be turned to- account by
-our ladies, as mosses, ferns, beetles, pressed.
grasses, &c.

JACKSONVILLE, Fla., Nov. 2, 1875.
At a meeting of the Fruit-Growers' Associa-
tion, held at Fernandina on the 3d and 4th of
this month, it was decided to hold a State Fair,
and as the Duval County Agricultural Associa-
tion offered the inost liberal inducements, it was
decided to hold the Fair on the grounds of that
Association, at this 'place, on the 22d of Febru-
ary, 1876. : .
..At themeeting at Fernandina you were elected
as one of a committee of your county to solicit
contributions s in aid of the Fair, and to impress
on the people of your county the importance of
heing well represented.
We solicit for exhibition and competition on.
the occasion ihe products of the farm, the gar-
den, and the workshop, and hope to receive
-from each and every county the best specimens
of stock, of farm produce, and such articles of
handiwork as the good -taste of our citizens will,
suggest. Specimens of rocks, ores, minerals and
soils are solicited. J- I
We hope to have *on exhibition specimens of
every animal known in our State, either domes-
tic or wild, especially such as are peculiar to the
South, and to our State, among them the gopher
and the salamander.
We desire to receive specimens of every variety
ofi fishes, including shell-fish, found in our rivers
and lakes and along our coasts. 'The most of
them can liB sent alive, and we shall be prepared
to take care of, them. Oysters can be pickled
and forwarded in jars.- As turtle are an article.
of commerce of our State, we trust we shall
have specimens on exhibition, and we shall feel
greatly disappointed if we are not enabled to
make a full and handsome display of sponges,
corals and shells.
We also hope to receive birds peculiar to this
climate; and where they cannot be procured
alive, let them be carefully skinned and the skins
sent to us, and we will have them stuffed and
mounted by a taxidermist.
We trust that we shall be favored with a full
display of such flowering shrubs, plants and'
roses as may be in bloom at the time, or are pe-,
culiar to this State. They may be carefully
taken up and put in boxes soon, and they will
be in fine condition for exhibition at the- time.
We hope to see-a full display of the best speci-
mens ofthe cactus family to be found in the
State, and also -any peculiar grasses or plants,-
either green or dried. Our native palmetto
should receive special attention, as its manufa -.
tdre is destined to become an important industry,
of our State. S,.ii-l.,. ...f .-wr curled pine, and
o*f our. hard ,. ,."-..I, p.o Ih-:.-i i 't. .:.-. thi ir
beauty, or, better, manufactn ,,I iui, ::-,'iu- usetul
articles of furniture, will .- ii, ,r i. i r*,-.1
SWe are aware that the a,..:.'-., i -:'u -
p. .. l..t.,: 1.'I si ... >-eitW li'.',_- l.... .. *rT ...! .. J
'ndl ,h:.,.. u.i- IIJ-rL given 0 C,' .:1.i 1([1 1t1 b 'U -
ladies of our"State, and we I,.i- r- l.,e fiore
With their presence, and to -i--: I i '- ,.lhpla.y of
their handiwork on the occasion..
Our 'Iut'e i' :III.'i l ,i :I i,,tt Di.o n nit.i'r .U:-
stowel .:n.11 t b,:rle-, a id i l,.>it [- .r aL e- -ir.ns
to its |p ..|i il,, r:.n fliora cvd l y f l ,i t ,,our e:,:r.nd,-l
Our Association has selected.the time for hold-
ing the Fair when the largest number ,of visitors
Share expected to be here, and it is of the first im-
p. rt an.:e that this, our first State Fair, sho.ud.be:
a success. :
The committee will use their ".,-st efforts to
make the Fair' attractive and useful, but Imoch
will depend on the court c..nmititee;, am.1 we
hope and trust you will ne iie- -i.j",t oir
early and (,c.i ,r : n i i:n-il- j'u Ir_,i r i iTr,,ptt i.
from time is: li,,n- wb.It alrti l..:3 wve mni.y expi.Ct
from your m....uy for exhibitiphJindl whait
amount of contributions in money ~e'iay' de-
pend upon.. T6 make the Fair what it should be,
and offer premiums calculated to bring-out'com-
petition, will require no inconsiderabid(amount,
of funds, and we have to request' that you will'
lose no time 'in collecting and forwarding such'
Amounts as you may be able to raise.
The occasion will give each county an oppor-
'Ituh'ity to mri l:e "n, a display of its <. p i .i. ii-:,
resources out.I .l i, ... I.. attract tourist-, '-i ri -
and settlers as has never been offered before, and,
we trust your .county will be prepared to show
w i. r it has apd what can be done by its citizens.
C. B. ROGERS, Committee.
General -.i di r- i -I,:[i:rlr.
S Secretary State Fair.

'This society met on, last Saturday, at 1' i0
o'clock, A. M. '
President Bidwell in the chair. -:
.', minutes of preceding meeting were read and'
Si-p..: 1 Fil'I ,,:: Committee il'Gl' 'th -b .... -- ,
e'.i-:,:- ; r.:. i- h i, I, een received, ,.l rb-, wcr'-
'very' hopeful of raising an amo'unt-tldtiAt'dold
justify the commencement of active operations!
at:an early.day. : J' '
A motion was carried to appoint cppnmittee
of one to secure suitable rooms for the meetings
of the Society hereafter. Ml. P Dti)uiwasuap-'
pointed on said committee.',. .
The society adjourned -> nt,:,-et again next Sat-
urday, at 10:30 o'clock, A.M .
B. PLACE, Secietary.

JACKSONVILLE, FI' N.:.- ViCji 1-', 1875.,
Editor of the Journa '" ... -.:r. .
Please decide the -. ll.- i\'' A L. -, cdiitain-
ing jars of preserved fruit marked "Positively
this side up," is receipted for in good order by
vessel. On delivery the jars are found to have
leaked out their syrup in consequence'df having
been stored with marked side down.' Is' the ves-
sel responsible for the damage? Are carriers
bound' to observe such instructions as the above
in the stowage of freight ? SUBscRCIBnEB
Beply.-Cafriers are bound, "when directed-
to carry goods in a particular manner or posi-


for I11- Cuah- ,

by' Mr. Papy that the steamer Big Fort, in-
'tended for the Chattahoochee, left Memphis on
the 18th inst., and i4 expected daily on the river.
She is 154 feet long, 22 feet broad, and will carry.
350 tons in three feet of water. Her passenger
accommodations are said to be excellent.-Ben-
tinel.; ,
..CENSUS OF MONROE CourNTY.-The census
returns of Mouroe county have been handed in'
and from them we gather the following partlico-
lars: Total population, 11,753; white population,
_.8,797; colored, 2,956; males, 5,999; females,
5,754 ;' children between, the ages of 4 and 21,
4,934; value of real estate, $93,3,745.; value of,
personal property, $418,609; number of deaths,
.;fqr the year ending April, 1875, 230. In 1870
this county had a population of 5,057, of which
4,631 were white, and 1,026.were colored., This
shows an increase in five years of 6,096, of which
4,165 are white, and 1,930 colored. In 1870 the
assessed value of real and personal property was
$1,069.,75, and in the report of the Comptroller
for 1874 the aggregate value of real and personal
property is set down at $1,588,720.
-C. B. White, Esq., of Buffalo Bluff, has left
at ibh ..,ite f1 I. Paliiatka Hfrii a hla l of sweLet-
pot:-T'ts fillin a bull iusbel.
S-The L '.h i .i',, "" .' vys inim Tampa las _-)Iped
_rfi"ut yj..iji.,,0 orange-, Orange-cultur,: in the
| neighl-.rhli.ed of Tampa is extensive, and the in-
creai'eth popi)Ulaiion down there, will, in a few
ear, mnlae ih-it b-eaitiful Gulf port the t-cule
f o i.ideraitl commerce. .
-Ou the aLthoitty of the .Jr:iunville Union
'weleamn th.at eli-vern taie havebeen put on the
line '..et'ween Nw Smuyrna, .Enterprise,, Day-,
tona, an. Port Orauge. The mail-stage leaves
E'tel riise every lXburida 3 and Mpnday at 7 A.
'M..; returning,, leaves New Smyrna every Tues-
d'ay and Friday, at the same hour.
-The Monticello C'. t,'',,!,'.', of the 25th inst.,
C.ay We,haee;received from Mr. Thomas J.
Mu-i.re, of.Waul.c n'ih, a package of sweet or-
a.t5s and lem,-n, wnli.h decidedly..excel all
O thr:i., e-hr v, eyer seei, both insize and flavor..
Tb- oriang:- ue ten and three-quarter inches in
.ii-iiueIle-1t -, and :he- lemons nine and a half
:inches. Theyrwere taken from trees that have
been in full Lea.rin' .over fifteen years, on Mr.
f.,r e'_ father's plantation, in the lower part of
Slthe, county; and on a sand-hill where the nearest
strata, of clay is thirty feet from the surface.. As
i,:..iy .:I:,.|., we do not ,believe thepp oranges
i.u ,-x...il..,l anywhere, and it is 6ur opinion
ri it iij ..n- ib:. r portion of .T:f.:-A-..-. ri -..inily is
lli -, ii i ir' ,he St. Johns or Indian river coun-
'try for Itb.: IpiuLii.-t;i.. of tropical fruit of every
-'i. M-n. Mr. Moore will accept our thanks
tii: .]l1;,i-,r 1 evidence of the advantages of
our i.aui..: '-l.. pr-oductiveness of the soil."
'-The ,Unio,, of the 20th inst.,, says: "3Mr.
SLuther CAl..:''li. : Enterprise, tL. i,':t c onclu-
ded the: ,ii: 'o riIy acres of his tract on Lake.
Monroe, to Mr. W. A. Cumniing, of Stamford,
Conn., one of that city's most opulent citizens.
The -. :jt ,.purchaser proposes to erect, imme-
diately, two elegant and commodiousresidences .
with all modern implrpvements and appurztenan-
ces. It is, -.e are fif: n:.1, one of 'the finest
pr. ,e I- ii,-'.n, t]is .-.1te, iljl bi;.-, and the land
'.1I. .:',vn to lt ia-i., which.ha a clear,
tearL L.i.,-mni. Mr Callwell recently ac ujired
1l iihi b-i he,-Xt,:u.i ve-,Brok property; lately
"b l,- rj: t)o *:- i -t.-rpisil, ag tuO usrn i ra MIr.
J.,,i:,i, Brl,:L. Tb,:- Biock Houer ba3 been en.
ii1ly renovated, 'itiedl, and reftrnishedl, and
".uriero-,is a.ilditi.olpu- L.-e been wade ih.breio by
t'. i.i,,':a,' .:ropr;i'.- -.c, and ppened,for the recep-..
ti..-u of guests on the ls.of ':.yei:mber. Mr.
C,.l-V-i ihas also addei1..a l arryofabove one
'- i.:.,] volumes to his hotel for bije i'.L umo.
dation-of guests." '

Voitiee to Vegeltaile 'and Fruit-Growvers of
Southern Georgia anidFlorida.

SAVANNAH, Ga.,iNovember 5, 1875.
The experience of thiscompany in the transporta-
tionfj of fruit and vegetables' to 'Western cities has
lba,. that the obstacles to the successful prosecu-
tidoof these industries is not the delay in getting
these products to suitable markets, but the unfor-

These are now growing near Palatka, are remarkably
fine, and not forced by fertilizers. Also at Flushing, sev-
n,'- ,: L-;, ;:- of the genus Citrus, one year, grafted.
98-105-5, Flushing, New York.

A. M. JONES, Proprietor.

STER'ms-By the day, $2; by the week, $12.50.
97-10-3 '


Ai, 'r'Ij iLs I 'i.]- -...,-..1 --.: .i ,ari-r..a in Gentlemani's
fa l., "e > ...i ._I i.:.r ii.. adi'f i shi t beaches music.
Address, ,., ,


e Of o .ifi.\ lo .id 11 AI "c ltr, L
..... Office of The :Florida' Agriculturist.

F L 0 I 1 [ A:


Ir'Iri.i pii h-, R-E' Or;,('Ec. AND ADVANTAGES.

C':, ILau: i.' .-.. i: reliable information about Florida.
s:'t[ I-.j,1' uIl'lrt :, pre-paid, upon receipt of 25 cents,
s1-125 AcKSHisovmLL, FA.

-Will do well to arrange their money

matters with .

Resident correspondent of
... and COUTTS,
ad m.:,.t ,:4l i b.l' pu L'_, ~:a.nt banks is.nrin-

Traveller's Register kept and reading-room supplied
with papers from all parts of the Union and.Canada.
55-106-5 '


Notary Public: State at Large, &c., Eau Gallie, Brevard
county, Florida, (the site of the Florida State Agricultural,'
Over twenty thousand acres of land for sale in this the
finest section of the South for the raising of: tropical andp
semi-tropical products. Inducements unequalled Circu-
lars free. 4125-5
r _r *

. 1I

- I




tion, to carry them in that purli,:ulali nuei"- or,
position." (Angell on Can ri-i, -c 21:J 3 This
question'ini' the eaepd of a bo-.i.i-, -r ,.-ii ,---I : hives
marked Glass,with"care, this side-up," Was'de-
cided in Hastings: vs. Pepper..11, Pick.41.
Where 'the directions are plainly ;1' .Ln, the cr-
rier, if he acce:.i lini: .i.,r,',, must obey, or pay
all resulting (1 11 ..... -. .:,, "of Commierce.

At a meeting of the DuvalltCounty Agricul-.
tuial and Horticultural S.-,iety, huell Slati.iay,.
November, the undersigned were appointed a
Special'Finance Committee to ol.irin ithe t':,c;-
sary funds for securing and .improving perma-.
nent grounds for the holding of State .an.. C-.-outy,
Fairs. We are now prepared to ]cei., ahl it-
ever subscriptions the citizens and friends of Du-
val county are disposed to make to effect these
desirable objects. As the State Fair isto be held
here in February next, prompt action mustbe,
J. M. DANIEL, Committee.

tunate concentration of numerous.:. shiblm:ni' t upon
the same market. Low prki. r oll.u an n matter at
course, while the.game ehipmrnt-n would have'
brought better prices had tb.-.v been jniid'iulvy dIi-
tributed amon,i W -, StV'ol Wr t,:.rn i,>e. aoc.si-
ble by this oumr',ny's ihen:
To obvi.iat. Le dilliCulty. llc Atllniit Ild i.Iull
Railroad C''onipaniv ha. ,-J,-i'in, ld l : .* d1,'rd ',v,,' t;,
distribution o( L-uc;h bm.ul- i ntmay ite e-itrutred
to its care.' To this end the company ri h ).-lected
'reliable produce brokersin eacu ul i tle ,l ( .i ord At-
lanta, Nashville, Louisville, Cincinnati, St. Louis
and Chicago, to effect the sale:ofsBUchh'shipments,
which will be distributed to these several points in
accordance with advices forwarded thence td SavSi-"'
nah daily by telegraph. .-'t t,..-.):,
The agents of the line at the several points o6
shipment will advise the office al Sv;%nnnbh by Ic-Ic-'
graph as tothe~quaTntities to be orm.,d,iJ, nod will
be instrucetd immediately whert to -hip them.
Remittances, accompanied' by account saldswill
be made through the company, which will'regsei'crve.
10' per cent. to cover the expenses of forwarding
and sale, including the broker's commission, but
will not guarantee the sales any farther than to se-
lect apparently reliable merchants. : 'T,: .
It is believed that in this way a, more satisfactory
distribution of consignments can be effected, and
better prices obtained than heretofore.
H. S. HAINES, General Superintendent.
Address JouN L. ROTJILLA.T,. .
General Freight Agent, or ".
D. H. ELLIOTT, Special Agent, A. & G. R. R., .
98-102 Savannah, Ga.



nA aA,,oi -tl, ift- ,-il-t,:eT' crelil ana prompt rten-
r.a,, ar. .l.bpo,,-i uf to, the bet advamui-ge. Correc arnd
Ifuhniul rerune ran I.- rei ..C. or
EVERY DEEi CRiFrIOr l .,F O:,-, .D-,
purchased for a small .:.iume ;i.-a:. ar 'ery lowest New
York wholesale rates, r'-. u'.-nrj. l. Irg3 profit to those
who order fromme, as I have unusual facilities for buying
atlowrates; ..- JAMES-KYDD,
98-149-5 41 White Street, Iew York.



A small hb rd o if itl.h iux i ,ir.a J.i iii.-, co n..nr,.i' ,:f
Some of them are three-quarter Alderney and one-quarter
Brahmin, others Durham, Devon, and BrahminI
The Brahmins and their grades are murrain-proof, and
are better adapted in every respect to the climate .
of Florida than any of the improved
breeds of cattle. P
S100-101-5 Atlanta, Georgia.


I can spare forty to' fifty colonies of pure
They are in moveable c-mtL.hiri; ,:-.f the most approved

If applied for soon I will sell at a bargain to a reliable
applicant, who wil i ; p. -a urr,.d i.I their
100-101-5 .. .Atlg*ta,. Ga.



SSIMON)-French: Plaquemine.
The persimmon is so well known that
it needs no technical or exact description.
It is a North Ameridan plant, extending
from the Gulf of'Mexico to the (Canadas,
dwarfiig as it approaches the colder cli-,
mate until it becomes a mere shrub, while
it attains its 'greatest perfection in size
and ,fruit in the Middle and 'extreme.
Southern States.
It- belongs to the -ebenaceos or ebony
family, so well known for its hard and
valuable woods, and is classed as a sub-
tropical plant.
There are two distinct varieties, though
naturalists up to this time have described
but one-theDiospyrbs Virginiana, orVir-
ginia persimmon. This variety is abun-
dant in Virginia, the Miadle and Northern
States, taking possession of ill-cultivated
or abandoned fields, open roadsides and
accidental or uncultivated clearings and
glades., The seed. are dropped in all such
places by the animals which have fed on
the fruit; originally by bears, raccoons,
and opossoms, and now by the domestic
animals. This variety has many points
in which it differs from the second variety,
which it is not necessary to describe in
botanical terms in this paper. The leaves
are smaller, the branches more irregular,
the bark darker and divided into more
and smaller squares, while the fruit is not
half the size of the other, and ripens only
after frost, and when ripe is of a bluish
tint, and will often shrivel up and hang
on all winter.
The other variety is marked in its dif-
ferences from the Virginia variety. It is
not found north of the Ohio,' grows to
great size; has large, thick, glossy leaves;
has a full top and regular branches when
standing alone. Its fruit is more than
double the size of the smaller variety ; is
of a pure copper color when ripe, and
even as high up as Tennessee ripens its
fruit in August and September and falls
off, never remaining until frost. This va-
riety we have, for want of a better name,
clated, on our own responsibility, the -Di-.
o.pyrosy-Estivalis, or Summer Persimmon.'
.-.-.'i,,in.. s hin-h l praisedd b-v
the'Europleans who sttle.l this continefit,
anudit was called the Date Plum, from
its habit of drying up on the tree and be-
coming ,almost a mass of sugar, with the
mealy and, grand granular character of'the date.
English, French and Spanish writers and
travellers were,.excessively fond of it.
The first fort built in Louisiana was
built at the then last high, land on the
Mississippi, below New Orleans, amidst
a grove of persimmons, and was called
after them the Fort des Plaquemines. A
parish or county, a town and several
bayous were called ]laquemine after the
persimmon by.tbe people of, Louisiana.
The Indians taught the Europeans
-everal ways of using the fruit of the
persimmon. The ripe fruit is made into
a nost palatable bread by mixing the
mashed pulp with cornmeal and working
into a dough and baking in Indian pones
or dodgers, as they are now called. It-is
a dish upon which we have often feasted
with relish.
The Indians made of it a .preserve or
jam, like apple butter, which they kept
in jars and gourds, and carried with meal
and parched corn on their hunts or war
The. sugary fruit is made into the very'
best champagne beer by several methods.
One is to pound the' ripe fruit and put
into an open barrel with the broken hulls
of the bllack or purple seed-pods of the,
honey locust, equal parts of each, cover
with hot water, two buckets full of water
to one of the compound mash. This is
done with fresh fruit.
'Another method is to mash the ripe
berries, mash the pulp, mix with wheat
bran, work into cakes, dry in the hot sun
or an oven, so as not to cook. The cakes
may then be put away like yeast cakes
and used when wanted by breaking up in,
warm water and fermenting in a proper.
quantity of water, with or without hop
yeast. .,
Some years since a chemist, Mr. B. R.
Smith, examined the fruit in all its stages.
He found tannic acid in large quantity in
the unripe fruit, but as it ripened the tan-
nin decreased, and' malic acid and sugar
rapidly increased until at full ripeness it
became almost a mass of .sugar with a
little malic acid and woody matter.
It is this tanrinic acid that gives the
powerful astringent properties to the
green fruit. The unripe fruit is made into
a medicine for'bowel disorders in the
shape of a syrup, an infusion or a tincture,
W and is considered one of the most active
astringents by the American Journal of
AMedical Science.
$v ~The ripe fruit is well known to have


strong anthelmintic properties, and is
often used for worms by feeding the pa-
tient on the fruit for several days.
The ripe fruit makes, on distillation, one
qf the most powerful brandies. It was so
used at many- places during the war.
The tree, when tapp.ld, exudes'a copious
gum, wlhi'-h mny vbe uc-led w ith wonderful
.effect as a mu'.ilda.g, like ,-urm aral.ie, in
inflammation andi other diseases' of the-
bowels. its sli.,htly toni'. and astringent
properties make it for -.ich purposes su-
perior to. gum arabic.
The bark is hi hly medicinal. P]r.
Grittin as well as Dr. Prtr.,n, in their
medical botanies pronounce it the. most
powerful of all our native astringents. It
is very bitter and contains galli-c andLtau-
nic acids. It is almost infallible in uklcer-
ated sore throats., Eminent physicians,
writing'in Englibh, French, and Spanish,,
concur in declaring it one of the most use-
ful medicines in all kinds of bowel com-
plaints. They state that it cures the
worst cases of cholera infantum and the
most aggravated cases of Mississippi diar-
This bark is used in many parts of the
country with great benefit in intermit-
tent-fevers, owing to its highly tonic
property. The leaf, the green fruit and
the bark are all the very best of tanning
The wood is of great value, being of the
ebony character. It is white, close.grain-
ed, heavy, durable, and is used for mak-
ing lasts, plane stocks, and such articles,
when it can be procured ; but it is now
very scarce..
The Summer Persimmon, when planted
and cultivated, is one of the most beauti-
ful forest trees, and especially when top-
ped or made into a pollard, as the English
term it. The fruit improves by cultiva-
tion ahd is really delicious. We recently
saw some as large as peaches. Here is a
neglected native tree which will pay to
raise for its fruit,.its medicinal uses, its
tannin and its valuable wood.--Exchange.

Our domestic birds will keep as free from
disease as any species of God's creatures,
if all that nature craves can be supplied
them., Nearly all the diseases originate
in the confinement of fowls forfear of the
garden, or from the yards of the breeders

their purity of stock they must be pr in
close quarters. Here, let me say, in arly
every case where I have %iWiild te y:r.ls
of breeders, I found the best fowls of ,
kind among those who gave their atten-
tion to but one or two varieties. Now, is
it strange to suppose that ithe fowl, in
may cases of indisposition, would find in
freedom what nature craves to regulate
the disorder? We'know th;:t (atilip is a
panacea for nearly all the ails of onur h..use
cat, if it is ill, arid it surely will be if de-,
prived of liberty for a time. We hear it
said, an ounce of prevention is worth
more than a pound of cure;" and this
maxim will do more harm than good if it
leads one to do more than to furnish clean,
airy quarters for his fowls, made wradri i
winter, and supply'them as well as he cAn
with the food he knows they spring for
the moment they are allowed to run.
Gravel and green food are indispensable,
and are the two articles Which they -are
most deprived of in a pen. A patch of
ground ten feet square, sqwed early in the
year with ruta bagas, and again the mid-
dle of July, will furnish enough for twenty-
five fowls the summer through ; they are
very fond of the tops, and it takes but a
moment to pull three or four and throw
to them. A friend who followed the above
maxim, an ounce of prevention," &c.,
gave sulphur once a week in mush, and
he had the weakest set of fowls I ever saw,
and in the winter, to enter their coop, the
noise seemed as though you were entering
a den of so many rattlesnakes, and in early
spring one-half of the flock died with the
roup, &c. Never doctor yourwell fowls
in the least, unless it may be once in a
while put a little red pepper in their food.
Use sulphur for nothing but to sprinkle in
nests to kill vermin, or to fumigate the
apartment when every fowl should be re-
There are many pre'criptii..,n of real
value for the' various :iluensi of fuwl.,
and many more utterly w.:'rthlh: -, origi-
nating in the brain of some would-be new
fledged hen doctor, and may be a com-
pound of drugs that some of the ingredi-
ents possess the virtue required, butby the
combination have entirely different prop-
erties; or it may be a recipe that common
sense will teach nearly any one would
kill instead of cure, and one acquainted
with the drug would know that the fowl
would die soon after the first dose, if the
physician (?) did not.
Iri the New York Sun, of July 29th, in
answer to "Anxious Inquirer," the editor,
after informing him that the disease as
chicken cholera, quoted from Wrig :

".Give five grains rhubarb, two ounces cay-
enne pepper, and ten drops laudanum,
every three hours. I have no doubt but
this poor fellow stuffed that dose into his
. last hen."-
We sometimes have recipes given us
without any directions for their use. For
example, to merely say give castor oil,"
is very wrong; for frequently when a
teaspoonful is the best physic and the best
medicine that can be used, a tablespoonful
would put the bird in terrible agony, until
relieved shortly by death.-Henry C.
.Blaisdell, in National Poultry Journal.
[From the above we should infer that
our correspondents' moral, would be,
keep your fowls in a natural condition
and they will 'not need doctoring, and do
not doctor them when they are not sick."

.A curious race of sheep exists on a
small island in Englishmen's Bay, on the
coast of Maine. The island is about two
miles square,'is 'open on the east to the.
full ocean, and about half of it is heavily
wooded. The sheep are mixed breed,
showing traces of the Merino, Southdown,
and long wooled breeds. They 'are nearly
as wild as deer, and before the great storm
of October, 1869, blew 1'.'u Bso many
trees, they had paths where they always
ran, so that it was not difficult to drive
them into a carrol when they were wanted
for shearing, but now it is next to impos-
sible to get them at all. Consequently
the bucks and ewes are always together,
and the latter begin lambing in March
and get, through by-May 1. The early-
lambs are hardier than the late ones, and
stand the winter better. Fewv of the
sheep, apparently, die from disease, and
many seem to live out their full allotted
time. If not caught every year they us-
ually wear their fleeces until sheared, so
that three fleeces are sometimes found,
one on top of another.
In winter they are divided into flocks
of from fifteen to twenty-five, and live
near a place where they can get to the,
shore for sea-weed and into the woods for
shelter. Their principal living in winter
is some of the varieties of sea-weed; prin-.
cipally dulse. They also eat the branches-
o' nearly all- the trees that'grow on the
island. They like fir better than spruce,-
ire rv fond of mountain ash, eating
L EL6i 3 ,as Tage as yourfifnger,; -rd -l-ho
m bark elder and raspberry; also the
moi( fr.:.m the old stumps and ]oge. In
the spring, when the tide runs .'ut very
low, they go out on the rocks as far as
they can get, and sometimes the tide will
come up all round them. When this is
the case they will not wade through wa-
tera few inches in depth, but will stick to-
the ledge till the tide takes them off. By
that time their fleeces are so full o'f water
and heavy that, although they can swim
ashore, they cannot get out readily, but
crawl out a little way, and then wait for
t water to drain off, and crawl a little
faTer. If there is any sea going it
washes them back again, and they drown.
-.Forest and Stream.

Of late years the dahlia' has been,
gradually losing its former. popularity,
although not through the interference of
any competing rival.
There is certainly no other flower which
approaches it in symmetrical regularity
of form, and few equaling it-in brilliancy
or variety of color. ,It lacks, however,
one of the most e-sefrtial properties of a
flower, which woull' make it popular for
any considerable time, namely, an agree-
able fragrance; but this .fault is a com-
mon one among some of our most showy
and extensively-culhLiat:'d plants.
It may be that the pertfction attained
in colors and form of .this flower, has
been one of the main causes of its declin-
ing popularity, and the chances of'im-
proving or even producing noveliies, be-
ing so few, that cultivators became dis-
couraged, after making their many fruit-
less' attempts in that direction. 'But
whatevc-r may have been the cause, the
fact is quite aln.Iarenti that the dlhiia ist
far less extensively cultivated than it was
a few years ago.
It seems that we must be either going
up or down, despondent or enthusiastic,
there being no mni,'o.th and pleasant non-
exciting paths even in our floricultural
affairs, and the very acme of perfection
would be no more S;iLi-lt manipulation of the most crude materials.
The old large dahlias are, it is true,
rather coarse kind of flowers,.but not
half as straight-laced" as the hollyhbock
or much-lauded zinnias, for the plants are
among the sturdy as well as graceful in
outline, and the blooms showy if not
sweet. But of late years a new class has
been introduced under the name of Porm-
pone or Lilliput Dahlias, which are so

~V '-'

unique in habit and style of flowers that I "
have been inclined, through them, to re-
new my acquaintance with the genus.
The flowers, like the large old sorts, are
perfection in form or color, but so. small
in some of the varieties that they w9uld
almost answer for a buttonhole bouquet.
To call one of these little pompone dah-
lias, not much more than an inch or an
inchand a half in diameter, and as round
as though turned out 'in a lathe,-every
petal perfectly quilted, a "coarse flower,"
would be ridiculous; hence that objec-
tion cannot be consistently urged against
the pompones.
The plants are also proportionally small,
frequently blooming when not more than
a foot or eighteen inches high, although
they will reach two or three feet. by an-
The culture is not necessarily different.
from the larger sorts, a good, deep, rich
soil being required to insure'perfect and
abundance of bloom. .
When the frost has wilted the leaves
in autumn, the tubers should be dug, and
when well dried, stored in a warm, dry
place. Those whp have no conservatory
in which to keep such' roots, will find that
well-dried seed or pulverized charcoal are
excellent materials in which ro keep dahlia
and similar tubers. The tubers may be
packed carefully and closely in tight
boxes or barrels, and then' the dry sand
charcoal poured in tbfillup all interstices,
between, then set them away in a dry;-
cellar or room where theie will be no dan-
ger of fre.zing.
Thel .-,udl us- for this purpose must, bei
very dry; common sand from the open
ground will not answer -unless kiln-dried;
or kept under cover until all moisture has::
been expelled. ,:,
To undertake to name a'dozen or more
of the very best of the pompones would
be a, difficult ,task, because there are so
many that are really superb. But I will
name a few that are quite, desirable:
Arudt, maienta color, with brown spots;
Aird-n I- bright scarlet'; Bride of Roses,
rosy lilac; Burning Coal, deep yellow,
edged with scarlet; Chill of Faith, white,
tinged with pink; Little Kate, velvety pur-
ple; Little Wonder, crimson, fine -f6rm;
Little -Harlequin, crimru-_n, tipped with
white; White Bedder, pure white; Zartr
Nelke, white, striped with crimson,-Hor-

A-milleri gives the following plan for
filling cavities in mill-stones, which are
often filled with lead, and consequently
endanger the lives of those who'eat the
flour ground on such stones: Take four
ounces number four emery, four ounces
plaster of Paris, and four ounces alum;
mix the plaster in water to the consistency
of cream ; 'put all the ingredients in a ves-
sel and heat until the alum is melted;
stir well or the emery will not mix well,
but will settle to the bottom of the vessel.
To prepare the stone where you want to
put the concrete, take apint of rainwater
and dissolve in it as much sal ammoniac
as the water will hold in solution; then
clean out the cavity to be filled, and wat i
well with the sal-ammoniac water, and.
you will never have to fill up that cavity..
again. I. know of an instance where a
bush took fire and burned out, and the
eye of the stone all scaled and crumbled
off so that they could not hold a bush any
longer. They made a composition of con-
crete by this receipt, and repaired the eye,
and it is as good as it was before it burned
out. It is a corn and feed run, and it has
to be-faced down with a pick. Even corn
does not wear it. It is undoubtedly the
best receipt for filling up cavities in mill-
stones ever yet invented."

Mr. Philip D. Cory, formerly cashier of
the Freedmen's Savings Bank, of this city,
is now engaged in vegetable farmingjust
outside of Atlanta.
He reports some wonderful results. He
says that he can average, on ten'.acres,
year after year, two hundred dollars'clear
net profit to the acre. The crop never
fails and can be raised one hundred years
on tHe same ground. On one acre, year
before last, he raised four hundred bushels
of onions, which he sold at an average of
$2 per bushel, making his income for the
acre just $800. Besides this, he plants
carrots in between the onion rows, and on
his prize acre, besides 400 bushels of onions,
he raised 330 bushels of carrots, some of
which he sold for about 75 cents per bushel,
and the remainder he fed to his stock. He
pulls his onions-that is, all he can force
on the home market-when green, and
sells them at 10 cents per bunch. The
bulk, however, he waits on until they are
dry, and then sells them in Atlanta, or
packs them off to neighboring markets.
e finds a ready sale at good prices, y



and is very much- enthused with the pros-
pect. He says that in Massachusetts and
Connecticut, where nearly the whole on-
ion crop of the continent is raisefl, any
man would become rich Who could get a
guaranty of 50 cents per bushel for all he
could raise. Here, with moderate man-
agement, a crop can be made to average
$1.50' per bushel at least. He thinks this
soil and climate better adapted to raising
this firey succulent than that of New Eng-
land. He will plant extensively this year,
and we shall look with interest to the re-
sults he works' out.;- Herald.
'-' .
Why are farmers so liable to rheuma-
tism ? 'Because they wear wet clothing,
heat and suddenly chill the body, over-eat
after very hard work, and because they
do not keep the skin in a vigorous, clean
and; healthy condition. If farmers would
avoid suddenly cooling the body after`
great exertion, if they would be careful
not to go with wet clothing and wet feet,'
and if they would not over-eat when in
-' an exhausted condition, and bathe daily,
uding much friction, they would have le8s
rheumatism. The same rule applies to
others than farmers. The Turkish bath
is the best remedy for rheumatism.-
, Sfoience of Heal. l "

-'l-The Jaeksnville Press, of the 8th, inst.,
sayg..' An old resident of Columbia county has
hanend-sus a curiosity, which can be inspected in
S-our office. It is certainly very curious. A large
trout was caught from a lake, where he lived in
an old, plne top whicb L-,dI fallen into th&e water.
4 The lining ofl hat is called his "swimmer,"
lair blaidderr v. as s retched upon a piece of while
paptr and a perfect picture of Lth pineL tp'-inr
which he lived-was indelibly stamped upon the'
paper And it is said tbis result uhvlwy: folleon,
no iiiiteI wh.tber fhle fiih live- in bthe .rasi or
in an oak; pine or- cypress top, a picture of, his
home can always be iid by the above process."

-'he K,. r-f' the Gu.,',of the 6th insXt, says:
S "We have heretofore had occasion to notice the
-fine vegetables and fruit ruaied on bhe. mainland
at Chocolulka and vicinity. Mr. William S. Al
len, thel pioneer of ithat ectiou, called our attend
lion It ,ome plantains riaiied fiber. which (ian-
not be excelled by any of the West Indiu-m. On
i s ingle bunch or lot were fifty planiains laigc"-
i bhan any. bi igblt:o this market for years, and
sratisies us .;at Lotih Florida will take the lead

t v~I residents contemplate localing Iriri-
plantation.n at or near the Marco settlement.
Tbus will the garden spot of Florida be de-
Teloped ,r,' occupied."

-Senty-eight thousand-two hundred and'.
.. thirty-live dollars worth of cotton have been
shipped, from Lake City during the past season;.

Jacksonville Whlesale and Retail
<'.x.ctid ,.' luy. e-Tpr,.,iiy for THE FLOWDA AGU.omL-
\ HT3IT, by fc-,i.r. WULc.N .% WHITLocK. wholesale'and
retail Grocers and Commission Merchants, Jacksonville,
h orida.
In uordcring g':,die platL ra and others shouldre-
enmber thai theie arn /l,,:h,.i Pr-ices. Small or-
S ler.: arc larged at higher rate. -
: .B,-1 M ss N terIti'n... ...... bbl.117 00 @$,18 00
Faltou Mftrket, c.piced, anil obl 1.3 00 @ 14 50
Ba on.i Ehoal.erk ... .... .... .' 13 ,
S(.'lsear r,tted .. ........ .....i i 14 14M
o5ouldrn. ,muk~~.d.......... 1_ 14

D[y' Sai u1,,d U ( B6,:,t-........f. A (. @ 1L
L. in tl .arc :i.... .... 14 @ 114
B a r,-.. ...... .... .. ..1b '19 -
Bra 1, 0ilto....... ......... ib 7 @ 8
,,dj B,-,: It ... ......... Ib 74 @ "9'.
iLmiu BiUit-........ .. ..- 12 @ ..
',nicr Sn'p--.. ...- ....ft 1 @ 1-
+ B r, K:t....... ... Ib 12 1 l O
Build.r;' Mlat.ral. Limr... .btil .1 80 @ 2 00
Lit.- ..-..-.......... .....-..[ 1 50 @ -
rr mat .l................ bbl '275 @ 3 00
Builder' Pi,ti'i. .........bbl 3 00 @ 3 10
Lind Pli-t.:r .... .......bbl 50 @ 2 75
Butter, Goshen............. .Lb 40 --
Cunardie, Adna.etiliw-.... .....I*. 16 @ 20
Sp.:rm ....................... 45 @ 50
Cl('.:se, t:e and DjLry.. .....ir. 15 @ 20
C C.amm' ........ .........lb -- @ -
Facior ,..... .. ............T 20 @ --
Co&Ie 1,P.i')i............ .... l ) 2 3 28
Javla, (11ld Government. .....Ib 38@ 40
Dry Good-., Pru-tI, aIny ......yd 6 6 12
SBrowno S9rtiriioi.... ...yd 12 @ 15
'B Brwn SbevtiC:..........yd 1I0',r 14
1-4 I r.'_nn Slite. iing ... ..... yd 1' y 16
White Osnaburgs...........yd 1.J t' 15
Striped Osnaburgs .........yd 12' .15
Flour, Northern, superfine... bbl ; 7) i.e 7 50
Northern, extra............bbl- 8 50 @ 9 50
Northern, family and fancy bbi 0 51) '@ 10 50
Fish, Mackerel, No. 1... .half bbl (,) @ 10 00
Mackerel, No. 1......... kits 2 25 @ -
Mackerel No. 2............bbl 18 00 @ 19 00
Mackerel, No. 2..........kits 2 30 @ 2 50
Herrings, No. 1...........box 50 @ 60
Herrings, scaled........... .box 55 @ 60
Cod, choice................b 8 @ .10 ;
Grain, Corn, white from wharf
Sand store................. b 1 18 @ 120
Yellow and mixed Western..bu 110 1 100%
Oats.......................bu 96 a -
Hay, Northern'..............cwt 140 @ 1 60
Hides and-Skins, good flint cowlb 13 @ 15
Leather, Hemlock sole........ lb 35 @ 38
Oak sol6o.................... lb 49 @ 50
Cal:-skin. French.........each 5 90 @ -5 50
SRefined........ ......... 6%@ 7
Lard, XXX in barrels.......... b 18 @ -
Lumber, Sawed timber, 20 to 30
feet.....................M 1800 @ 20 00
SSi ed timber, 30 tb 45 feet..M 20 00 @ 25 00
-..,.,-, .

Pract,-, per Ib......... ........
BIackberrie., [Er i ..........
Ctirrant-, p,.r tb......
Bicou,.C. R., .,er lp........... .
Bief, ['Cr ibI.. meeni ...............
LJp qltoa ,I,,rkot *- .- -- -
.- per t,.. .......... ......
Por "per lb ......'........ ......
Ham, pir lb ............ .. ..
W hil, tiaconD, per tl.............
Snurildeilc, per lb .. . .......
FOW'LS.--Oa fc.
Venison, per li,..................
Ch'i.kenr fall grown, per pair....
SCnickens, half grown, per pair ..
Chh.hieln E, spring, per pair,.......
Turtme&, LIrge aid fit, each..... .
T'irlneys, small ...................
W ild turkey.z, eachb........... ..
Du.-lks, omr,'t-ic, per paii .
Purtrid e-., j ..l .. ... .... .
M nlle't, pcr tri, .. ........ ....
Ba.-, eucl .... .. ...........
Wood, pine, I.,'r roid..... ....
Wood, cawed, per coid .........
SHlayT, Noitlmern, pierc ('t. .. ...
(-oaul, p' .r Ito ........... .. .. 1
Syrup, Florida, per gal.........
Honey, strained, per gal........
Tallow, per Tb...................

15 i

.,) (i'
16 ai'

50 1 .1
410 (.r
"5 (u'

1 N
1 50
1 15


4 00
1 50O
0 00



H .,i .:,u nrid..i tA [r l: J 'i' Ru A ,t -: A
Ib t..-' H ,,.:. i :r ,-h? ,i! > '. : ..rT rlr,.]
.. I.m 1!-7 W. U .

T i l'J, r,-l=il':lt hl "1 .iu,4r ...o..I I-u; n-. ,1.
a l J w -il l K ,. P i l.:.nlVll r <.'n "5 -1 i r ':"E.-
...r tM.% ,a ,ll a: ,r lan .. .Ur ll-ridlr tu ,.: I
4", are I-,t-
\'OLL 'L -1,] 0,..tOL.:r, I U: '.
CHIEFLY nA.IMMuCK -Tri-'. [lii
tr,''"? fr-om tn e io n e i? yaro oi.l : ba anijas,,
r.u '. zJiu a and oibr friia i; pliir prr., di
0'.,,itSaatal. PI'i':,, 4r-.,n.)l c1.?] F'or pearlicl
'.1l11.T WM. BUiRNET. Lake G.

These are warranted to be PURE TIN']
PAINTS, and 'such shades are selected and
stock as will be to the advantage of the custio
They are put up in 1-gallon cans, and eact
cover 224 square feet of wood surface.
I will select, if desired, such shades as will p
and appropriate contrasts for the body and tr
the building.
These colors have been fully tested during th
years, and are thoroughly amalgamated and con
only PURE iosEED oiL; and in the combination(
trials are used as prevents' separation or se
preserves the pil in its natural condition, e
paint to retain its original freshness and bean
All the standard White Leads and Colors,
oils ; Raw and Boiled Oils, Paint-brushes, &c.,
.on hand. CHAS. A. FAIR
81-132-3 JACxSONV

n,.i ,

(.1'i 20(

@ 50-

1 75
@ 1200
@ 100
@ 100
(5. 12



rrilr hru i:.. '
C I,. "l.l. iilr] '

ACREs, ,
arji .urnf i,." '
d i un'ri. >. i-
tar, aour,. :d
:or_.-, Fa.


1 carried in
Omer. .
h gallonIwill
-immings of
le past eight
mbined with
on such ma-
diment, and
enabling the
dry and in
&c., always

Flooring boards.............M 18 00 @ 20 00
Edge boards............... M 6 00 @11 00
West India cargoes........M 14 00 @ 16 00
Dressed flooring, first quality M 25 00 @ 28 00
Dressed flooring, 2d quality. .M 14 00 @ 20 00
Shingles, cypress........ ....M 3 50 @ 400
Meal, fine....................bbl 6 00@ 6 25
Meal, per sack................... 2 90 @ -
Hominy ..................bbl 700 @ 7 50
H miny, per sack............. 2 90 @ -
Nails, 4and5 d.... ... ...keg 425 (@ -
6d...................... keg 400 @a) -
10to.60...................keg 3 75 @ -
Naval Stores, Tair...........bbbl 1 75 @ 2 00
Spirits Turpentine..........gal 29y@ 30
Rosin, common........... bbl 2 25 (C. 2 80
Rosin, No. 1...............bbl 1 25 @ 1 80
Rosin, pale................bbl 3 25 @ 4 00
Tar ....................... bbl 1 75 @ -
Oils, Kerosene .............. gal ,18 @' 20'
Linseed ...................gal 1 00 @ 1 10
Powder, Rifle, finde.........keg 7 25 @ 7 50
F. F. F..... oie half pound cat 75 @ -
Potatoes, Irish, new...... .....bbl 2 57 @ 3 00
Sweet.............. .... bush 60 @ 75
P6rk, rump.................bbl 17 00 @ 18 00
Mess, old and new.........bbl 19 00 @ 21 00
Rice, Clean Carolina...........lb 8@ 9
Salt, Liverpool.............sack 1 75 @ 2 00
In small quantities........sack 1 90 @ 2 00
Turks Island Salt...... j..bush 35 @ 40
!Shot drop............... bag 2 75 @ 3 00
Buck..................... bag 3 15 @ 3 25
;Soap, Family, No. 1........... % 6 @ 8
SPale.................... 8 (8@ 10
Common to fair.............lb 5 ,@ 6
Sii-'-,r-, Crushed andPowderedlB 12 (@ -
SGranulated..:......j....... b) 12,'@ 13
A White.... ........ 12 @ 13
B White....................lb 12 @ -
Yellow C ....................b 11 11
Florida......................b 81 10
Syrups, Common.............gal 60 @ 75
Florida and Georgia........ gal @ -
Golden, extra:...............al 90 @ 1 00
SmokingTobacco; Durham.. lb 60 @ 75
Tobacco, Common sound...... lb 50 @ 60
Medium.....................Ib 50 @ 65
Bright.....................t b 80 @ 1 25
FineCut..................lb 1 00 @ 1 60 .
Tallow, Good..................lb 9 @ 11
Vinegar White Wine........gal 40 50
Cider Vinegar...............gal 40 50
Black Moss, Green...........Ib 3 @ 4%
C Extra,.................... b 13 13%
Lemons, per doz., for Florida..... 60 @ -
White, per bbl. Family ........... 10 50 @ 11 50
Extra Red, per-bbl.............. 900 @ 9 50
Superfine, per bbl................ 7 50 8 00
Corn meal, sack........ ........ 315 @ -
Hominy, sack...................3 15 @ -
Corn, per bush ................... 1 25 @ -
(O, l', -,i'bush. ....'.L........... 100 @ -
Sall, per sack ...........'...... 200 225
Butter. per .. .... 40 a 45
CLeilsr, per lb........ ........... 0 )
Laid, p r L ...... ..... ........ -
Ee -. p.:'r d.o ........ ........ .... 31.1 ( 4')
PCIEuei, Iribh. per bush, ni, w 1 50 i1)1' .1
P ulin o--. 3iT ,:l, p,-r btn b........ ..i (a' 1 iUii




WM. P. SLTUSSER, Proprietor'.
From the corridors of this splendid Hotel, opposite th,: Capilol bilJin.w, r preenr.,:r .,ni: ithei moi maTnificrri
views ever witnessed of a surrounding country, proverbial for nI ch:vat.id rndl I.auurauiiiali niatie', cuiac.:. Some
of the finest lakesin Florida are reached by short drives ra-i buatih'ai r.:.ia.- 1 r e audcrfai ftak-uilai!Sprurig i. only
sixteen miles distant. It is but an hours' ride to the best h i ,t,. m i .U 0 ., .1 :. F.' ..i.1 A..umrmodaiions are
first-dass in every respect, and terms as reasonable as are offered in [t'h- .re.'io,. T'ie.- ti i'i eaxper.ri. ce and high
reputation of the proprietor are a guarantee irNirlouni.i, pleasurer-. kearl nilIova "-W. e,, e c, ,gueias ort be C'ir '
Hotel, of Tallahassee,.will remain so during eir stay in the "Land .. .FoIcre.' 99-1171


Arlington Nurseries,- VETISEME
ll-1. GENTS-71i- 9xi, for $1. NOVELTIESn ad t'BHO-
s -*. o-a I-lNNAL CrMs OMOCO Philadel-
2 a day iurirni-e.d ntDZ our Well
L1E ONS, LIMES, CITRON, FIGS, BANANA, GUAVA uer & DrWll. $100 a inonth
PINE-APPLi, MANGO, SAPPODILLA, PAW- F._-I A ',. P eat Aoer book fr...
PAW,, JAPAN PLUM, &c. J AUGER *.\ .. $r Lonl., Mo.
THE $50,000 BONANZA. ,.
vfld t l. a Foi, .
$5 to$5 0. n W...
CHESTNUTS, &e. S:.rt ir.:... ..idr.: -- PEDLETON & READ;,
CHESTNUTS, &c. 65 Wall mireet, iNctw T ck.

EUCALYPTUS TREES. WA T flb,,: o, .rl. I ,con-.
W + I lop+. Gold.a Pen. Pen Holer,
S( ,-P.c..,. i r,,.' r Y til X l i ,.iia- i -. iun-] a pie.e ofj.welrv. Sin-
ROCSEIA. EV'ERtREEN AND IDE,'lIDti)O1 SHi-l B 1, p,: :[, Y1. t tanrie-, p,,cp ai. 35e. Circular free.
ANTi Fl-WE ING PLANTS IDE O .t'.. ;f.w loada, N. Y.

P. COOPER, -, W I-

^R~ .-' .d, .,d r ''odjl ,.,r th: old acd oritiora C. O. D.'"ldnn,'.
L Y 'a.' 1- riT 'i. Spi.4ri-d cbsa'. in ev ry %eienbor
,,*1 Y IE ii [&J& i,,,' in- rftgr igi p.:ro:. cf riclEr nx, yoaag or old.
*Sample%,, i;e ;t. cr. ular,, terms. etc., a complete
..Lfl Seusi OJree and postpaid. Send or 1i at once,
ma C n ,uk .:.r:,,i [ Vty-.r i..:.B,.:. Adidr'c.a Ho. J. HALL
NT5.4 L i. A X0


t. .N,' 'L.itiTED HOME M.-'ai/c' "The Hoelrhold Maca'
PREPARED BY EHE zine of America." Two Serial Stories in 1876. 'IA-
'GLESCLIFFE," by'Mrs. Julia OC. Doma; and "MI .
TiOmE BITTERS COMPANY, vAN," by T. S. Arthur. BUTBRICK'S Newest Pat-
terns in every number. TERMS, $2.50 per year; three'cop-
O S ., ies for $6.50. Splendid Book, offers and Premiums.I Spnei-
Of'ST. Ofon. mepn number 10 cents. T. S. ARTHUieR & SON, oai
Bi a re rd-i99-102-887-890 "Philadelphia, Pa. .
T se f aBittcr-Sare prepared with -+ i a t oc
t .reatel care from a receipt r
li i in possession of one of the -
Co npany. They were originally -f i .

To-a and Stimulant permitted u:
to i used in the Armies and O L U B L IST
Go.'o ,iinentTTOhrital- of France.
They are a certain preventive of


F{' wiE SICKNESS. Many of our subscribers having written to asking if
we club with other papers, we have made arrangements
Br si3ng" it moderately thi'-ee' to club with 1t1- f..L,)o,--', magazines and weeklies. The
time:i a day, otfer the system has l lubRatesmentioned icudethe ostageinalla .
be"T re .duced by sickness, or dis- No Commission
enas,-?i.i ,is .te*,.Qtil| as an Invig-\ IS ALLOWED TO AGENTS ON THESE PRICES.', .
-i- an Sid Recuperant.p ..r m

DoT1 E1C'Ti N t-', O AN THE IABEL. The figures in the first column show the cost of the two
publications if ordered separately, and those in the sec-
0 FAiMILY SUOtULD E' WITEO, A BO.TLE. ond line show the cost of the two if ordered through us.
B. 71-39t-83-108-7 Harper's Magazine..... ..............$7.00 $5.75
Scribner'as onthly................... .o00 5.70
SThe St. Nicholas (for the youg f). ". 4.90

New York Medical Journal........... 7.00 5.75
B -Y AmBerican Agriculturist..:.:......... 4.50 3.60
The Living Ae.................11.00 9.25
-- The Galaxy.............. ....... 7.00 5.70
PRINTING OFFICE Harper's Weekly................... 7.00 $5.75
U m-"-ploty Harper's Bazarx.... ............. 7.00 5.75
A New ando Complete Bindery, e's Journal .... .7.00 5.75
.amply stocked with the latest machinery,, Al peros availing themselves of this opportunity will
,rilaell t o NXetel so Bd f.r T- please semngeni that the money and the order for toth pa

class style, and at fair rates. MUST BE SENT AT THE SAME TIME, .
"svery 'O .iroo ts n Rti oad oe r foe t o and that with every other publication ordered from the -
paies, ges, tLawyrs, (lers o Courtfs,, &c.- done list we must receive'a subscription for THE FLOmDA AGRI
promptly, and equal in workmanship and Inish to that of ct- s O
any establishment in the United States. We can furnish speomno copies of fta Aemci.vrun- .n
SMagazines and Papers, Music, &c., bound. Old nSF only. For specimens of the other publications men- -
. Magaz r nbInd Praepaired.rs toned, application must be made to the office where they .
S. are pubhshed.
A.ddrc- CHA.S. H. WALTONI Address, CHAS. H. WALTON & CO., "
STallahassee, la. Jacksonville, a .
Sejr* er' -2kt5.7 0.




et grap3ie 0ttws tummlarp.

From Washington,
WASHINGTON, November 23.-The Secretary'
of the Navy directs that the day after receiving
the formal order which is published that the
flags be placed at half-mast from sunrise to sun-
set; that thirteen guns be fired at sunrise, nine-
teen minute guns at noon and a National salute
at sunset. The officers of the navy and marine
corps will wear the usual badge of mourning
for three months.
Major Oliver D. Greene, Assistant-Adjutant-
General, relieves Major Platt, of the Department
of the Gulf. \
The attempt to hold a meeting here to reorgan-
ize the Republican party of Virginia is aban-
doned for the present.
WAsmHnroN, November 28.-The Secretary
of the Treasury is still engaged in the prepara-
tion of his report on the finances, and it will not
be printed till Friday, when, as heretofore, it
will be sent to the principal cities for. distribu-
tion to the press on the day of its transmission
to Congress.
The President has not yet finished his message,
but some portions, or all of it, will be read to
the Cabinet next Tuesday.
New candidates for the Clerkship of the House
are appearing every day. The latest announce-
ments are: Robert Tyler, of Alabama, son of
ex-President Tyler, and Neill S. Brown; and
the most prominent of the other contestants are
ex-Congressinan Adams, of Kentucky; Archer,
of Maryland; Shobez, of North Carolina; A. R.
Lamar and Dubose, of Georgia ;,General Crit-
teriden, of Missouri; A. D. Banks, of Missis-
sippi; Calkins, of New York; Miller, of Penn-
sylvania, and George C. Wedderburn, of Vir-
ginia, who received the complimentary votes of
the Democrats at the organization of the Forty-
third Congress. There are now here about six-
.teen Senators and sixty members of the House.
WASHINGTON, November 29.--The withdrawal
of Mr. Wood from the contest for Speaker cre-
ated ai sensation to-day. In authorizing the with-
drawal of his name, Mr. Wood declined to gay
for whom he would, cast his influence. The re-
spective friends of Kerr, Randall, and Cox are
still confident.
The contest for the Clerkship is active. Major
Wedderburn, of Vi'rginia, Major Banks, of Mis-
sissippi, Mr. Adams, of Kentucky, Mr. Archer,
of Maryland, and General Dubose, of Georgia,
are on the ground, and' each will undoubtedly
have the support of his State. It is thought that
the election of Kerr will throw the Clerkship to
the Southeast, and the election of Randall to the
The Supreme Court to-day confirmed the de-
cision of the Court of Claims in the case of the
United States vs. the Union Pacific Railroad.
This confirms the proceedings in favor of the
road, and allows them to retain half of the
amount paid by the Government for transporta-
tion. The case decided is only for half a million,
-but the decision holds for the future, and may
v w involve a large amount.
The opinion of tbe con.itutiijonlity :of ti1 <:o
i3raJje"v's decision in tri Giaut fr[risth i.iser h-
10lo delivered

.. rom ew York. --
NEw, YoRK, November 24.4-William B. Astor
died, to-day, .aged eighty-four years. He has
been in ill health a long time, and the event-was'
not unexpected. During the.course hi; long ,
life the value of the property bequeathed to him
by his father has been constantly increasing, and
it is almost impossible at present to estimate its
amount. It consists of real estate in all parts of
the city, and is worth many million dollars.
NEW YORK, November 27.-The People's Sav-
ings Bank closed with deposits amounting to
The bank statement shows that loans have de-
creased three-quarters of a million, specie in-
creased one-half of a million, legal tenders de-
creased one-million, deposits decreased :three-
'eighths of a million, and a reserve decrease of
three-eighths of a million.
The funeral of William.B; Astor, from Trinity
Chapel, was largely attended.
The Vice-President's remains arrived i r.- 11- ii
Colonel Robert D. Anges, ex-Deputy Collector.
of Customs, has been convicted of snuggling
goods through the Appraiser's office at an under
valuation, and is sentenced to two year's impris-
onment, $10,000 fine, and to remain imprisoned
until paid. -
Goodkind Brothers, wholesale liquor dealers, -
have suspended.
S'NEw YoK, November -d.Jul Barrett
denied the stay of execution i.t Clhai i, Weston,
William Ellis and William Thompson, negroes,
who are to be hanged on December 17th.
-The Government has-commenced suit against
.the Flax Spinning Company for one hundred
thousand dollars for undervaluation. The com--
pany claim that the goods were imported at
their full value.
Charles O'Connor is dead.
A still later dispatch from Fort Washington
denies the report of O'Connor's deatfi, and says
he is somewhat better.
.Death of Vice-President Wilson.
WASHINGTON, November 238.-The Committee
of Arrangements met at the Capitol this morning
and agreed upon the following order of proces-
sion for the funeral of Hon. Henry Wilson, Vice-
President of-the United States: The Committee
of Arrangements, pall-bearers, and mourners,
will attend at' the Vice-President's, chambers in
the Capitol on Friday, the 26th of November, at
10 A. M., at which time the remains of the Hon
Henry Wilson, late Vice-President of the United
States,'will be removed from the rotunda, in
charge of the Committee of Arrangements, at-
tended by the pall-bearers and mourners, and the
Sergeant-at-arms of the Senate, to the Senate
chamber, where; at half-past 10, divine service
will be performed. When these ceremonies shall
have been completed, the funeral procession, un-
der the command of Brevet Major-General W. H.
E. mory, United States Army, will move in the
following order from the Senate Chamber to the'
depot of the Baltimore and Potomac Raiload
S Company, where the remains will be placed in
S charge of the committee appointed by the Gover-
:S nor of Massachusetts to receive them, military-
J escort, Chaplain of the Senate and an assistant
y, clergyman, the physician who attended the de-

ceased, the Committee of Arrangements, Senator are charged with violations of a treaty, the main
Thurman, Senator Morrill of Vermont, Hon. J. features of which- the Indians have never re-
A. Garfield, Hon. Samuel Randall, Hon. W. W. garded. Crook says there are two sides to this
Warren, ex-Governor Dennison, Associate-Jus- story, and the frontiersmen should be heard as
tice Clifford, Secretary Fish, the Massachusetts well as the Indians. The settlers are'weaker
committee, the pall-bearers, Senator Edmunds, compared with the Indians, and most deserve
Sherman, Bayard, *and' Whyte, ex-Speaker sympathy and protection.
Blaine, Representatives, Mills, Wood, and ...
Kasson, the hearse, relatives of the de- The Suez Canal.
ceased, the Sergeant-at-arms of the Senate, mem- WAsIINaGTON4, ovember29.-Thecommission
hers of the Senate, preceded by the President to examine the various surveys for a ship canal
of the Senate pro tem., anit.he Secretary of the across the Isthmus of Darien, have submitted a
Senate; the Sergeant-at-arm of the House of report to the President. They areof the opinion,
Representatives, members of the House of Rep- after a full investigation, that the Nicaragua
resentatives, preceded by the Clerk of the House, route is best. They estimate that a canal from
the President of the United State, heads of de- the harbor of Brite on the Papific to Greytown on
apartments, Judges of the 'Supreme Court of the the Atlantic can be constructed ata cost not to
United States, Judges of the Supreme Court of exceed sixty millions. Objections of an almost
the District of Columbia, Judges of the Court of insurmountable nature aTein all but the Panama
Claims, the Diplomatic corps, the Commissioners and Nicaragua routes, and notwithstanding the
of the District of Columbia, officers of the army greater.length of 186 miles, they-give preference
and navy, and of the marine corps, organized as- to the litter. Lake Nicaragua is on this route.
sociations which may desire to attend, and citi- -
zens and strangers. The body will leave here at Cold in New 'England.,
1:37 P. M., and upon arrival in Baltimore will BosToN, November 30.-There is unpreceden-
have a military escort through that city, leaving ted cold weather, for the season, in all sections
there at6 P. M. Rev. Dr. Sunderland, Chaplain of New England. The thermometer is from
of the Senate, will offer prayer at the funeral four to twenty-two degrees below zero.
ceremonies on Friday morning, and Rev. Dr. -
Rankin will pronounce the discourse. The body
will be placed in the-rotunda on Thursday morn- ADVERTISEMENTS.
ing, where it will lie in state on the catafalque
used 'for President Lincoln, Senator Sumner,
Chief-Justice Chase, and Hon. T. S. Stevens.
Upon reaching Philadelphia on Friday night, the
body will be taken to Independence Hall, where H UNION.
it will lay in state until 10 or 11 A. M. on Satur-
day, and then be removed to New York. It is
not the intention of the committee to stop in the ----
latter city. They expect to leave there for Bos-
ton on the 9 o'clock train on Saturday night. PROSP'EC:TU S.
WASHINGTON, November 26.-The day is wet ____
and cold, but the funeral of Vice-President Wil-
son is progressing according to prbgramme. The business interests of Jacksonvyile; the convenience
BALTIMORE, November 26.-The Fifth and of thecitiens of. ..r, i-.. .i. ,l.la,,rm a ,..n.
Sixth regiments, Maryland National Guard, of .r ,.,i v i p. f .:
the organization of the soldiers and sailors of ;:,.,i .i,,, ,, r *i.ai, ia,,.i tk ,,,j,i.';-.rI, ,lir; ihonii
the late war, are in line for the escort. The day :;:: ',rl I.. 4 t.. .."r ,-,'rt y bur
is chilly, with a drizzly rain. :., :. .. ..:.r r,,., ,r r
BOSTON, November 28.-The remains of, the ., ,. I ;.-,,. .'i.,L.. r-'L: it. t '.ran"r.Pia, ring, from
Sibe" ,iivH ,, i r,, in other
late Vice-President W ilson arrived here to-day., ,,:- I-, ir i. ,.:. ,,........... ..'rr,, dignity of
and were received with appropriate solemnities .:.., r.: r.. .. .1 i ,..: .n.,a.., that this
athe Doric Hall of the Stae House (where they denence should continuelonger.
atthe Do tate ouse ere y The FLiomDA UlioN-always, hertofore, leading in the
will lie in state) by Governor Gaston, who, in van of the State press, and keenin" pace in its own develi,
response to the formal delivery by the Washing- opment with the.progrdess of -ii. rI. ,1 .. of this city-
ton authorities, said:. "Massachusetts receives isreadynowtomeetthisnew(i. .,I .I...I ..i -rr.r.,r, .
from you her illustrious dead. She will see to it be issued asa
that he whose dead body-you have borne to us, DAILY MORNING PAPER. .
but whose spirit has gone to a higher service,
shall receive the honors befitting the greatoffice No labor or expense will 1 -pred bv1t beuublirbe,. to
which in life he held. I need not remind: you paper. It will contain tle I..1r : i_.--r ib, i
that her people will ever treasure with love .and furnishing Jacksonville arit:.A i.""aI ""*, ,l.- Sr .J,:lrr:.
respect the memory of her distinguished states- river, and on the lines of r1,..,i ... i i., ,ri, :.., ,.
man, and will not only guard and protect the and south to cedarey .. t-
body, the coffin and the grave, but will also ven-, It will present, in itf -li.:,, ur..: -lr i.. ,
rate his name and his fame. Gentlemen,, for. each day, afresh and c.,..i. i... ;,^a,1i. i ,.,!rrr 1i-a,.,
the pious service which you have so wel) and- ofinterest to the peo-.: tit .r... ,:r" e re.' u .o', ta-.
tenderly rendered, accept the thanks of the Comi, Itn wi corji r u.: rl:.r ],u i..r.r ra- r- i... .. i.., .m 'i
rF lon ,. '.itLt." P '.- 'OISIt ..t, a l. a[', ,tr,,l a r m.,n -,.i. i f;,:r ,.-p :, i .' l [
T lj. 4 -ii .. Iiu ti I" [, 1-"l' o a" ,* I be I I'"l[ d "-
ci m Lrii, -s il,1 l'- b a.i ''. l f ti,- Fifih f il:iry.- ,.: L, i,:, i l ,,,o, ,, .'r.:. unr
laS iJ Re~inlv-nt.n Betwaen [ elir-n J1.n r.we ly acdeve .,..,. i- L..-., ,an i ,' a[,.rri ... l an.r
tIf 'n ','- ,l- -.' -i r rr-m = ii f to -daf i r a d lo e 'a r,: -,,;,, .1 ,:. im a'at- r mi,..ia- 'a,-[ teii. d i ay ,.b
lh. y l.-y 1o di-. an -moral i-..--r[ --,iii i-' 5r ..- xjd ma jji
-- *' .. imterests >. itra.: st:. "TI h.- r.in, tphi:s i .i i I .iDl hn
Dismisats., [. 'f ry--iti.. .,:- p r ni.!. ..:ib in ic a;a .,- tii.- naii o i fromn
S' l ..ee r,,- te'ion 4 la.h i r.' r..i I.. .:.r-n uel ..rki :' al Le
W .A-KIN.-I .N, N. --.n er 7.- le .tOQ-.d n'r;or,,i .. ,-:re .r,,l ;., r... I, la r ,a,. i n r r .:.r- t,..1 ,...
di snmi 'd r. e u 'tief Oi erfl thrp h'e of div '' pIrtc .4 a, rn l :. f rn- ri, ri. .:.rn, r -rut.. na- a tn aidirc
ions au. s .en rib.o r 'pi i cip'i fie 'f. ndian i ,:3 ,.'i.a .; ih- r..:-i; ,.i r "t.r i a ,ri ,,ln. ilt i
affr .ir T hi m akes a cle s- tei 11 Ith. l -.ul ,I. ,. 1[ ,: r t it"
clerks 'i ,:.ale:d Ior e l itby le Q i iii. r[[ .,f uli -:ar,jn ri- i i,.ri rain, ,.!s .i ..r.. aJuer.> r.ri
buir ii. Tbeir tuctes'i-s1lihti .Dtl 6etn a .uue-rl. a .a..! afu irf ..i t.al imioapiiriJia,
,'|C. rin.i r rn-,r ,Ju i ,.o-rit ii-,- i_, r :l .D', ry i ra-i[( .J..,J
._ --_ /tij 'ui fl,'i '+lllt.;l i ] 1 ', ..1l I.., i l l r. f .1 .in !it l.:
Ferry's ucce"sor. i r -.psi, i- b I- iL; ii Iri ir,- I r.. Ipp..ri i. I n .
NEw HAVEN, November 27.:--Ex-Governor t1-1i.,,: 1.., L.., ,r.i,, ,j-. ..n th., pUi.,:, .wil-
James G.,English has been appointed Senator, 'il- ha: h:'rr r, ,i,'ri"[ ia t
vice Ferry. -
,. NEW HAVEN, November 27.-The i,,ppiint. DA-LY i.,:'i-iDA1 i:, -_,
ment of ex-Governor English as Senator was on Monday next, the 6th instant.
very favorably received by both political, parties TsS oF suncu ose, IN ADVANCE.
here. One ar... ............ ............ ........ $10.00
The Whiskey Fra.uds. Persons subscribing before JANUARY IT, 1876,'will
S -- b e credited to JANUAY IST, 1877, thus receiving the.paper
ST. Louis, November 29.-A. C. Rogeis, once tbc :.i..l ..I i, ..-: ..
Deputy Commissioner of Internal Revele, testi- ".' '1 M,.'. it.Y CO., Publishbrs.
fied thq bhe once arranged a raid with .very's JACKSONVILLE, December 2 187. .i
l:.i,,'-! ,-L-. AverVr complained, and sal it wvas
, irn,.utation against him. That wa a New
,i :, ,u : raid. It was successful.
The Suez Purchase.. -
LONDON, November 29.-The T ... e ,
other powers were not notified o -u.. i.. i iIh.
of the Suez shares because the,. u.. i'r'.
and because the powers had no IhI .i.. .. i
A Cave.
WILKIcSBARRE, November 29.-The roofs of
the Chauncey and Grand Tunnel mines fell, cov- '
ering a hundred acres. The loss 'is $100,000. No I have founded my business on the belief that the public
lives were lost. Several hundred areobusted. Mr. are anxious to get their seed directly'from the grower, and
I therefore offer FREP to every marl and woman 0in the
Roberts, one of the proprietors, ui, -.'.. signs of, United States whd cultivates'afarm, tills a vegetable gar-
danger and gave orders for "h,- iu. u t.. leave., den,.or planfits.a flower garden, my large Illustrated. Cata-
One hundred and twenty-five mn Il th.. mine 1 ..':r .ar ar": WoxesSpdedsfrr187c Iteontains,
two hours before the cave. ",.i..I,.......est iid'produccd~h Europe, one
two hours before the cave. hundred and fifty varieties of vegetable seed grown to my
S-' four seed farms. Customers of last season need not write
The Gale. for it. As the original introducer of the lHnbbardi Marble-
BOSTON, November 30.-Theo gle extended head, and Butman Squashes, Phinney's Melon, the Mearble-
BOSTON, November30.-The glextended head Cabbages, anda scbre of other new vegeta les, Iso-
along the New England coast. The v City licit your patronage. All seed sold under three warrants.
here was at one time sixty.five 'fiiles an hour. A hundred thousanudcatalos wi e issued an sent out
A large school-house at Waterville was unroofed the 1st of January. A.ES J..-H..GEGORY,:,
0 e a sI 101-103-eow- Marbleheal, Masis.
while the'school 'was in session, 'ldt the children ::.
escaped without serious injury. ___
A Zephyr.
WASHINGTON, November 2_' --Tr,.- velocity of 6 ,
the wind at Mount Washington to-day was 156 --
miles an hour, the greatest siuce the, establish- __ SIGRJ
meant of the sta-il it-ti,,.v- 'T.- thermometer _CJ|I -'--
was.twehty-four .,.lo i-.,w ..pr.,. I .' 0

The Black Hills. "- -,NNATI '
WASHINGTON, November 29.-General Crook,, .. ..... ..- .. .. .
in his report concerning the Black Hills, thinks '
the settlers bordering the Sioux reservation have -. p ocE DINGS "
just ground, for complaint when they claim that P C N
the Sioux have violated the treaty time'and again op si
every summer, stealing cattle and absolutely .
breaking up their business, and this violation of FiOrida Fruit-GrOWerS ASSOCiation,
the treaty is by Indians who. are fed and clothed
by the Government, and supported by taxes paid AT ITS ANNUAL MEETING,
by frontiersmen as well as other tax-paying citi-
zens. Then when these same settlers, impover- Held in Jacksonville January 20, 21, 23, and 23, 1875.
wished by the raids of the Sioux, go to the Black
Hills, a country, by the way, which the Indians Extra large 8vo. .pamphlet. Sixty-eight pages. Price,
seldom visit on account of the terrible thunder- 25 cents, prepaid by mail.
storms in summer and the deep snow's in winter, Address, CHAS. 1. WALTON & CO.,
for the nurDose of Drosnectine for tines, they Jacksonville. Pla.


The St. fMarts, Ponsacola al Nw Orleans


: Captain Felsher, ..
W ill sail r.:,. '. i. fr 1 iL.,.,: r,"r s 'r r.Jj:,
November (ri and n atiI, .ir airriv lI.:.,' [rain an r. rrurnia.
will leave N,. ... Or.: ans .:_ ti h ari .n -'. in, .:.iilar4 ut Pt N -I-
cola both wxui;s
SFor freight ', .r pai .tj a.: O ir-',irj' fin-= .- nii,:dotai Is'- a .
p lytoanycl [ ,i ,imn, .:n,, t.- .Jj' L-,,;i.,m il., Pl..ni ..'Ola uard
'MobileoRainoati, and to
POST & HOBBY, New Orleans.
.B. PAEr, General Freight and Ticket Agent.



From Savanna-h, Ga., .

Jacksonville, Pensaco01a & ibilj .

Between Savannah andi JacksIi lle,
Passenger Equipments First-class.,
Pullman Palace SlIeping Cai r.
,Track in Excellent Conditiont
'Patent Safety Brakes.
Elegant Drawing-room. Cars on Day Trainsi

Special connection with boats on St. Johns river. a
For further information aply to ., I
C. D. OWENS, General Agent,
.I 315 Broadway, New Yoik.
F. B. PAPY, Gen. Ticket Agent, J., P;"& M; e. R.,
Tallahassee, Fla.
JOHN IEVANS, Gen. Ti.: l.: .\ :- r, A '- O. R.,
9-11.1-8 vl S n Ga; .G

First National Bank

J A C ISO.^VT L-'E :- "


Exchange .on Savannah & New York Sold,
And Exchange on all Northern points bought,
S it currentirates.

Fo-eign-on E. SptonrrnB5.PHLO.EEsneOT, Req.,
SAMUEn LEMGToN,; Esqi., W. C.'Squms, Esq. Home-
Joux CLAK, Esq., W. A. MoLEA., Eslq., C. A. FAm-
can.D, Esq., DA"do GfamtrLEA, Esq., W. Mf. BOSTWICK,
September 26.1874. 75-100-8


(Three miles above Palatka,)

Oranges in variety, budded on sweet stocks;
Send for Price List. A; .
Address A. J. BEACH & SON,


V L^V- -.!S-u




Ir u at-V^yt2=


Steamship Line.


HUNTSVILLE, Capt. Chester
MONTGOMERY, Capt. Faircloth
Pier 3, North River, New York, every
\Railroad Wharf, Fernandina, every Wed-
For freight or passage apply to
5 William St., New York,
CATER & KING, Agents,
Fernandina, Florida.
P. McQUAID, Agent for Jacksonrille. 94-145"-61-tf