The Florida dispatch
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055757/00098
 Material Information
Title: The Florida dispatch
Uniform Title: Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: The Florida Dispatch Line
Place of Publication: Live Oak Fla
Creation Date: November 7, 1887
Publication Date: -1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Live Oak (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Suwannee County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Suwannee -- Live Oak
Coordinates: 30.294444 x -82.985833 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1876.
Dates or Sequential Designation: -new ser. v. 9, no. 3 (Jan. 21, 1889).
General Note: D.H. Elliott, editor.
General Note: Published at: Live Oak, Fla., <June 20, 1877>-Feb. 11, 1880; and at: Jacksonville, Fla., Feb. 18, 1880-Jan. 21, 1889.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 5 (May 8, 1876).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038464
oclc - 01386590
notis - AKM6254
lccn - sn 95026759
System ID: UF00055757:00098
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1887)
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

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r : A Journal lof Agriculture, Hortibulture, Industry &. Immigration I



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DaCosta &:' Manville Proprietors. Jacksonville, Fla., ,"", ,...... ,- Neve- .er '7, .1887.. New Series: Vol. 7", No..45 '1
.. :c -J' -:.
Cuticura AreMftw. f
,. W.,-i
Stoves, .. Crockery, ELLIS & MCCLURE
Architects and Civil EqlerPlana
r f or1r ry f orb" dSkin t1JI. Chandeliers, ,
Granite Ironware, ,Specifications and Estimates for fenlld
na Blood Oil Stoves .. .... :' Sys ings of all kinds,Sanitary work,eta
"; Burners, Rooms 7 and 8 Palmetto Block, Bay St. _
,. Isas Silver-ware. ,1.il- < P.O. Box 7&i Jacksonville, EBIe
Gas Fixtures,
JL.--. from ; { '
House Furnishings : HARDWARE !
n.js _i>i 1r f 4 *
Pat-tPLES. t. SCROfULI% ;
Table Cutlery, .:: ..', '- .' ; Refrigerators,
SKIN TORTURKH OF A LIKETJME IN- ....,.:,,"1'f'o,',r.' -J iJ! > Filters
r ;"i IE'If" City ,
relieved bath with ;
by a warm
i *' S 4 i GEO. L
TXCUBA.. SOAP,a real Skin heautifier, and a FiseDogs, I JACKSONVILLE t/::: >, FLA; Dinner, Tea and : MoCoNiHE ,
single application of CUTICURA, the great .
Skin Cure. Baskets and'and'WoOden-wa.re( : 1 ;;.1' .' ,: .J 1 I. Toilet Sets. (New Building at Old Stand.)
This repeated dally,'WUh two. or three doses I '
of CCTOCURA RESOLVENT, the New Blood Particular. Attention<<: < paid:to Mail Orders.RbOKWELL& 40 & 42 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
Purifier,to keep the blood cool, the perspiration
and unlrritating. the bowels ,
pare open
the liver and kidneys active, will speedilycare. KINNE 'c' ....
Hardware, Cutlery, Stoves and TinwarHoasefarnlahlnjr ., 1
;Eczema te'ter ringworm, psoriasis, lichen,' I Successors to Nichols, Rockwell t,CO., Wholesale_ Retail Goods* .Granllo .and:

pruritus of torturing,scall betd, disfiguring., dandrutf; ;and Itching every scaly species Hardware, Stoves, House Furnishing' :'l Goods, Grates. Mantels, .Paints' Agate Ware, Saab,. Doors, ;Binds'

and pimply diseases of the skin and scalp Oils Saddlery GunsAmmunition Etc. Oils, Agricultural Implements,?f,! h,
"with'loss of hair, when physicians and all Iron and Steelllope9 Belting, ""**' ,-
known remedies fall. Parties in town or out will do well to call or fiend for oar catalogues and prices of any '
Sold everywhere. Price, CtmcuRA 50 0 good they may need in our line.. Prices lower than ever. Hose and Packing,Pumps, ?. ,
by.thePOttER Steam and Water Pipe
SoAP.SSc; ; HESOIA'ENT Prepared $
DRUG' AND CHEMICAL Co., /Host' on, 38.4r]West Bay Street. Jacksonville. Fla. and,, Fitting, Four ','.' .
Mass.Send Steel Galvanized
for How to Cure Skin Diseases." '
Fence Wire,

PIVP.LE8., blackheads J .} thawed and oily KISSIMMEE p. AGENCY -! ** Mantels;
prevented by IUTIGITBA MEDICATED Grates,
,' .,, ,
SOAP. ; .
2"- t. Etc

A. N ,1)BBXNS t & ,.BTUa' /,; ""CONTROLLING.' ', Agent: For .

a Orange Ligh tan Ing PowderFarmers'Friead!" !

'3,000,000 Acres and Boss Plows, Dangler Oil, Stoves,

r .. ,, '',", Perry' & Co's Celebrated Stoves -,and ,"

{ e ." '' of.the Richest Lands in the State., ..'.,. '- Ranges, Southern (St. Louis) Whit l'| ;
Lead,Masury's Pure Colors In Oil,.5

,' Masury's, Railroad :"Idqnld f '
X Paints, Fairbanks ..
I L r .- Representing- all the. .. Standard Sca.les... .-'-..:

; iSston Companies ;

: j d, : '. ," ChattanoogaStove Cogs

Kiss mmea Land Company

Gun, ,Locksmiths, and Stencil Guitars, .,"J, LOOKOUT STOVES, ..
A1fD ." ,
11\ I 44 W. Forsyth, St., Op.St.Jehns Hetel. PRICES SAME AS IN CHATTANOOGA
South FIorida- R. Co's'Lands.
-Tin Rooting,Sheet Iron Copper and Tin
;, :, .!JACKSONVILLE I n FLORIDA Work to order.

Qansmithlng' done in all its branches. .
Consisting of beautiful Lake Fronts, High ari l Low Hammocifl.',flrst-class Pine Land for WE .MANUFACTURE
IRON SAFE WORE range Groves,and rich.reclaimed lands for garden purposes. -"
Special'rates Stencil Chitting by mall. 'I : _' : A WELL DRILLS
... .__ __ ':"
I A ,
\j rI2ge ,. .
f .: ; IIk ':' -:*<.'>*.1"
'"', ,.c> : rr0O: .; "' Water IOUCoal and GasaB,4m

THE LANE I .ft :WWIY C&, ,,. + ,..J :.. / 'J. ,..,. ,', tr.erJtWrt. ..
CINCINNATI. r ., ,-J/ l' ,, ', : ;: _..: Lrffet 8tock la Amertea.
; ', Jfarmers iritli small out-
.' And. Improved, lfuek.Farms.. ..._., ,.'rl ,',,: :,; .: Jay (experience vnnectn&arv). Can
l f' .
11- ". .:. ; .. make .
'" '' '. ;.. !c ,'.,,: profits. Norisk Caa
= \ !
t. oIIt ', '', ..,.'." > 7";;:...,.,>, direct buyers to paying territory.
TOWN Lofip4KissiMMEEiWEsf KISSIMMEE AND :PINE DALE. '1 Prospecting for Water,Cod, s
.- & *_ ji t 'I/ or Gas done on appUcaUon.
** \ Also 11't"of WIND MILLS '
07 a:-, ,. --Send: ,for::Price and IPscripiionLlst. FODDER AND EN8ILACKMenuottttla -
,,.,, .w- r
MILLS > I : Paper. See*,
SAW AND ENGINES -I .},:;r: / : : c' : !4c. to eowr C04f .itHc
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for all purposes. An experience ot tblrtr yeses I 'c- ;,t -. WILLAM.iCANNON! Catalogs.CHICAGO '
permits! : us to offer the besU ,_ I :a 'v. .. .; js'" '.,: '. to:, .*"t- isJr.P"r;: TUBtKM WELL'....11.
I, Hood work at- Jaw prices. Bec loreicBlr Refer to this paper. i\ '<;,J.'KiMlmme, Ora&ge'eeaBty.. .,;.Fhu 18. w.....It. r.....1114
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9'' DISPATCH. .l9J 71887.
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; .; 4 'M: J.J.Q-R.Y.ST; : : pj AM S'prfp; : :':: J LINE." j. -,


'" .!!':. -'. .r". 'CENTRE, STREET. WHARF. / i fP PIER 21, E. RIVER "
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,'. RATES OF PASSAGE" : Lowest.Rates.of Freight Always Given.

"A...' ., r... : i :. ._ Order l your freight'from New*York, Philadelphia snd;-Boy -
""! ton via MalloryB.B.Line irom i 1erlo.21: East River,New York, "

j ...f,'J" ALWAYS -THE LOWEST. -- Direct connection at JFemandlna.with If.R.&U.Ky.: .
': For Jacksonville and interior In the State.
,liThe int magnificent Iron points
Steamships of this Line will sail from a _
JERNAN OINA,FLA.,for A EW YORK,every Thurs lay evening ,
alter arrival of 4:30 train from' J..ksonvule, and evening This Pioneer Line offers to Floridians the
,trains from Cedar Key,Qcalo,Leesburs,Tavares, Orlando and and Shippers of Vegetables and Oranges TravelingPublic.
South Florida points.. Only Direct.Line tow York-
RIO GRANDE,-_.._................ .--- .Thnrsda y, :<>p tem her 8 W Through Tickets and information secured in advance at ?
8 'ATK OF TEXAS.._....._....:;.......- b'!'rsday,September principal points in Florida. State-rooms reserved from Jacksonville r .
RIO GRAND...... _._..........................Ti ursday,September 22 or.Fernandlua office. ,
STATE OP TEXAS.....*-. ............. ..__*Lnrsday,September 43-Tralns leave F.R. k N. Co's Main Depot, foot of Hogan
BID GRANDE..........._....._... ...............Thursday, October 6 street Jacksonville, at 8.80 a m and .3Qpm,on sailing days, '
STATE 0MTEXAS..NNN..N::..................-..TharsdayOctober'13 landing passengers.Steamship's. wharf, foot, of Centre St.,
RIO GRANDE......._,.....".N--.......- _.Thursday, roo Every Hi..ntion possible is extended passengers going Fernandina.
STATE'or TEXAS.._._....................__..inur8aay,October zi by.thls line. The table Is supplied wfth the best the : .I For Tickets and State-rooms. and further "information,
New York and Florida markets afford. apply to .
R. WfSOUTHWICK, Agent, Fernandlua,Fla. H CRIPPEN
Gen'l Travling Agent. J. M. CUTLER, Pass.Agent,75 West Bay St.,Jacksonville',Fla.
r. tT. 'M'A T.TIH.V.to t1.. Oo.nprel .
Agpnt PJArgl Pact Rlypr'fnpf Fnlton rppt Now York f!ity. ___ y


"" .AND' .. .t 1: .. '
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Ta: : e P f 1 O ,rict ]:IL:; : >s :pt c h :J:.. 1 n. e ,_...

r .. I With the Magn ficent Connections. .

V The Great Fast sFreight System of me t South.!,

cwt latka wTh and aTlewtloil5f,8nlptiSdlctSitfo, ?! the Plant> 8.8. Line between Havana, Key West and Tampa, and People'::/Line; oi Steamers between''=Sanford, Pa-
Savannah Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford, S., F. & W. Ry between Jacksonville, Galnesyille Riv Junction and Savannah -
and Charleston
: Steamship Line between Savannah, Philadelphia Boston and New York* Thebest equipped, fastest and most
lines between
prompt all
points In Florida and all
t points North and Northwest. Receivers and Shippers will profit by the following unparalleled connection: 1

Double dally fast freight' service for all points West via Albany,Jesup and Savannah. .Double daily fast freight service from all points North'and West via Albany,Jesup and Sa
Ialiy fast'freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern, Interior vannah to all points in Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville,.Jacksonville,Callahan i
and Coast points,including New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington and and Live Oak.
Providence. Trl-weeklyservlce by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company,sailing from
Tri-weekly connection for New.York via the Ocean Steamship Company,leaving Savannah New York (New Pier 3o, North River,) direct for Savannah Tuesdays,Thursdays and. Satur
'. Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. days.The ,
.. '.Twice a week for Baltimore via the Merchants and Miners Transportation Company,leavor Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers leave Boston every Thursday:
'ing Savannah Tuesdays and Fridays. Savannah direct.making connection on the dock at savannah with fast freight trains
Weekly connection for Boston via the Boston and Savannah Steamship Company leaving for all points in Florida. Only direct line froii. New Englandhi the South. .
Savannah. every Thursday. From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., ? every Saturday for l lz
Weekly connection Philadelphia via the Ocean Steamship Comany,leaving Savannahveryttaturday. Savannah direct.
:: From Baltimore via; Merchants and Miners Transportation Co.,two steamers_per week
Sftllin days for Steamships are subject to change without notice. points from Baltimore South. for Savannah direct making{close connection with S.,F.&W.Ry for all.

; The Florida Dispatch Line is the quickest and best fast freight route from all points. North, East and West to Florida. For ,
"'t.cVany agents of the above lines,or to full particulars, rates,stencils and shipping receipts apply
o. D. OWENS, Traffic Manager,Savannah,Ga. ._ WM. T. HARDEE, Genl Freight Agent,Pavan nah, Ga.
\ .
W. M. DAVIDSON Ofln'l Traffic Agent,Jacksonville Fie.
'I vnrr lI'y Tray ppnf JR''P'' 1110. 1 J1" 'OR'&TTnW.'rrRV. ,
/ Agent. I.ITA Oak.. 1.tH.. ftTFP"1I'N \eent. .TarkeonvillA,


General Commission Merchants, BOTH ORANGE TREES AND VEUETA.( LES.



References H.Manville,Jacksonville{ ; L. 'L Newsom, Crescent'City; B.F. \Vhltner1 Supplying Not Only Plant Food but Matter.
Ft. Reid; Rev.,Lyman Phelps, Sanford; J. B. Owens, Sparr, Orange Lake, Fla.; ,
Bank, Boston. ,

10 Tear Established.' ," GUARANTEED ANALYSIS PER TON OF 2,000 POUNDS :

G-. S. P.A.L1lIEB.ti'I: VEGETABLE MANURES: .' .:>*"" .
I"' Ammonia........'........ ..,.','.... 4 per cent | Phosphoric Acid................... 2Jtf per cent
WHOLESALE, COMMISSION. MERCHANT, Sulphate Potash....... .... .d.... 6 per cent

160 Reade Street, New erk. .Ammonla..;>.:::>...:....,.. .... rS, ;"i>er cent I I Sulphate Potash..4............percent.J' ; t
Consignments solicited and Returns made promptly. Stencils and Market Reports furnished Phosphoric-Acid oi!' >4 ; fi:;.;xu'!.:f-pto,6.: per cent I| Potash,actual...,.............t, 6f.} per. cent
on application. The remainder thoroughly pulverized humus.HO .-. .' '
REFERENCES-Chatham National Bank,Thurber, &Co. New York als .
Whyland City '
: ,
Bank**and tehushed Prodnce>femh ntnot New York.Phlladelphla,Baltimore and Bo tCV. ih M h ).f. \., .


PC>'"'VVEJB..S d3 ., ? t ..;,,' II. < .' .

i-:.:, :"Ihaveused '!our Favorite Fertilizers upon Orange Trees,Roses and. Garden Plants,
: and I do not want'anything better.. .
FRUITS! AND VEGETABLES. 1 .''-;i: i&'i: rW-w!. ,;.: ,'*If .:..' : HENRY G. HUBBARD, Crescent City,Fla.'Itried .
--" your'Fertilizers''on Onions,'('aulUlowers and other Vegetables. I consider it an ,
excellent.and cheap Fertilizer,which will greatly Improve the land, and is not simply a
All sold of arrival and check ,
goods day and sales sent on that day. Give us a trial ship stimulant. .

ment. H. LEGLER Haskell Fla.PRICES. .
lG24 Mntn. fitrcct.; : Richmond Vu.TtVENTY .
.*'\ l ,. Orange Tree Manure..........R in sacks |24 001 Vegetable Manure.............In sacks >11700(
.A.. :E>> -r '.lVI.A.JSr: ,. -, < .. ...............In bbls. 2500J I M ...............in bblA. 18, CO)(

and Produce Commission Merchant. J TERMS,' STRICTLY CASH. "
Florida Fruit and Vegetables, a specialty. No. 234 North Delaware Avenue (below*'Vine : '
Street), Philadelphia. Consignments of all kinds of Fruit and Produce solicited. Returns CEO. HUTCHINSON,
promptly made a s advised, l stencils::> and market reports furnished on application.t ,
t Jlcferercer: H:.S.Kedney.. Winter Park,>'ia.; A. H. Carey Orlando, Fla.;'L. 8. Law..Hence ..,. .; Crescent City Florid
Winter Park. Fla..and the trade generally in Philadelphia and New York. .. i "



FLORIDA( FRUITS, AND VEGETABLES A SPECIALTY. Offers Choice Fruit and Vegetable Lands near transportation for investment or.Cnltivatf on.>
Certain Market for Farm Produce: Attractive Sites for HomesRailmadgndDaily. Malls.
Consignments specially... solicited..-- during the Exposition.. ., Prompt, returns guaranteed.. -Also Town Lots at San Pablo and Atlantic City on the Installment U desired..Address, '
!-; ,
JAB.KRKAMKR! ,President,over BaukotJacksonvUleorW.JB. GKAMT,:8upt.irfr
Peachtrce. Atlanta Ga. :
San Pablo,Florida. ;


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=== .
. JACKSONVILLE. FLA.. NOYBSffiER 7 1887.: _.
: ----.,----.- ___,. _,_..m_______.__m '_._ __.__ .__ _" __'__ ,
A NEW FEATURE. It i is to be expected that most of the kettle simmering: away, the smokingcup capacity of 300 lbs each per;3 hour,'',is

t 'The merchants thoughout the Stats will of pure coffee -dispels] and. the run by a daisy little Davey engine ata
That Will Save Families oft thSubscrfb'ers eel busy corps of clerks whose courtesy is C''>st of one cent per hour.' The

,: of the Florida Dis- UNKIND AND JEALOUSof appreciated by all who patronize them handsome chandelier represents, we

))at t and Others Hundreds Mr. Jones, because of his new de and brings one to a sense of lively and doubtless say, a goodly lump of cash,
of Dollars Every Year parture. But if Mr. Jones is so fa pleasurable reality. The store is divided and is another feature with its electric

It is well known that Mr. Robe vored in life as to be in a position to into three departments.THE light of this department.

H. Jones, Jacksonville's largest an] do so much for the people of the Statein ORDER AND RECEPTION ROOM THE RETAIL PACKING DEPARTMENTis
saving them thousands of dol- of 25 75 feet fur-
bloat successful wholesale many occupies a space by ,
grocery me across; the courtyard at the rear,
lars and
k furnishing them with better nished in
genuine curly
chant, has always refused to sell to tl{ and more wholesome food, than they pine, polished handsomely and ,aids a large and ample room. 'Orders -

t families of the State, because it wou have been able to get, he certainly brightly with wall and ceiling decora from the reception and order

t interfere with the merchants who we: ought to be thanked rather than oth- tions that would rival any departmentin room are filled in this second depart-
erwise. ment and it is a place ot.,activity and
buying from him. But he has dispose the Northern cities. The countersare bustle
from the time old Sol imprintshis
following graphic descriptionof made from the .
of his immense pure mahogany.The
jobbing departmen burning kiss the moist of
1 Mr. Jones' elegant store is copied shelves are adjustable and can be
and now intends to sell at wholesa I from thf taken the dew, until] far into the night.
raised land loweredat
or '
prices to the families of the Stat "LAKE CITY REPORTER:" pleasure by means of slats in the Basket after basket, box after box
and bundle after bundle roll continually -
'" This will of result in "The Handsomest in the The features of this
course, a gre Grocery uprightsupports. ]] from the large double-door of
blessing I to families living througho South-The; Tasty Creation! of Jack department are the mirrorpaneledshelf this department to the of the
.the State because be able sonville's bins the bins wagons
: they will Prince of GrocersRobert magnifying patent establishment, standing at Laura
buy H., Jones. of Mr. Jones' own design, containing
street, ready to receive them and deliver -
DIRECT, 'A thing of beauty is a joy for coffees, sugars, rice, teas, beans, etc., them to their destination.We .
'and-save the profits of the middle ma ever," was never more applicable thanto beneath the counters, mounted on roll have yet to hear proper the most tri-

and, also, will be able to select fro the beautiful, and, we might add, ers. These flour bins are models of vial] complaint made against; this

the largest and fine8t assortment magic creation of a perfect'grocery art, handsomely decorated with ad- house. As a merchant, '
groceries in Florida store on Bay street, Jacksonville, justable label panels, so that the
bearing the name of Robert H. Jones. name of the article contained can ROBERT H. JONES ;
PRICE9.T Aladdin Robert H. Jones rubbed the be changed as desired. The lids has no superior! His mind grasps
\ The majority of the stores.throng lamp of his tasty brain and com- are copper-lined sliders. Not the from the boundary of his large enter-
out the State carry a small assortmen, manded his genii to place before the least feature is the prizes to the minutiae of detail. His
and, comparatively, cheap quality f crowds that tread the thoroughfareof active brain conceives projects for the
goods..Bis aim will be to furnish tl I
the Florida metropolis a grocery advancement of his business as a
best goods, and turning his stock ov< r whose perfect beauty and completenessshould AND WEIGHTS! whole, and he has the nerve to execute
very rapidly enables him to keep ever Evenas with plate glass front. These scales
arrest their attention. promptly the birth of his brain. As
thing frefh. the command of the son of Musta- area models perfection in their line, an individual, no more courteous,affa-
EVERY ARTICLE GUARANTEED; pha the poor but honest tailor was weighing to a nicety. In the middleof ble and philanthropic man draws the

to be as represented or money refunde obeyed ; so was the dream of"JACKSONVILLE'S the reception and order-room standsa breath of life. Generous in his social,
Mr. Jones has determined to purse revolving surrounded by seats. and firm in his business relations,with
PRINCE GROCER! this table be the different
as in the past (and that.is one seer t Upon can seen I a superb judgment and a nerve of
realized, and to-day the store of Bobt. samples of teas and coffees, also
of his elements of
success), a straightforward,ho steel, all the a successful
H. Jones, 69 West Bay street, stands the impurities coming from the differ .
orable business, conducted on big business man center in him. Let every
unrivalled in the South for beauty, ent coffees also that we use daily. In .
moral principles of right and justic family remember Robert H. Jones,
could exhibited this table the
of which is
the conception only contrast at
No. 69 West Bay street, when they
NO DRAYAGE WILL BE CHARGED, emanate in the brain of a true artist, parched coffees of Messrs. Chase & have order make. ....
-.but all goods delivered at railroad (r and for a complete system that could Sanborn, absolutely free from all im- Mr. Jones' long experience in the
steamer free of drayage. only be designed by a perfect business purities. From the latest patent coffee wholesale business enables him to buy

TERMS-CASH WITH ORDER. mind. It is absolutely a new departure urn, invented by Chase & Sanborna direct from the manufacturers at the

t" : His "price list" will: show the co t and the other grocery stores look model-is dispensed this pure and lowest prices, and these advantages he
t7-/ ..,of every thing, and just how to ma/e indeed common place and insignificant delicious coffee in its liquid state to will give to his customers in the way

.. up an order. Our friends should sen in comparison. As you enter customers daly. of "cheaper prices for best quality." A
,for a "price list" at once, and also i iistruct from Bay, the brilliancy of color and REFRIGERATOR, SYSTEMis shanty can he sold cheaper than a

Mr. Jones to place their nam s light reflected fromMIRROR a complete one-the celebrated brick residence, but is it better? So

on his mailing list, so that they ca PANELS Raldwin Kefrigerator"*being used by many will say, 'I will sell you as

keep posted in prices and change dazzles, and one involuntarily asks Mr Jones. It is large and ample for cheap ."don't be deceived. Quality in
He,will be pleased to get you any thin one's self "have I indeed entered into the great work required of it. The what we eat is by far the most.important -
that does,not appear in l his price lis enchanted realms?" The cozy tea huge coffee and spice mills with a item. $


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Send for Price: List., I, / 'Terms": Cash. I Everything Guaranteed. | No Drayage Charged.

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I "- ':.. ,, NOVEMBER. 7, 1887.
916 THE PLORIDA DISPA'1'C1t: i G''



I want a few Industrious, temperate, mar-
F FAY GRAPES E GRArw.ES ORANGE. ried n en, with families of children of scuool
r Headquarters age, *o settle near me, so that we can haven
small school. .
In America. all the leading varieties! budded on good
I wllloffer
To few
such a good settlements
NIAGARA, EMPIRE STATE andallotheis newandoldalsounallfruits. Lowest and healthy sour-stock . higzest fnm five-eight to one! and onphaltlnch
prices, grading warranted true. In in
respect a nodel and first-class establishment. Jfree iUuV'd Catalogue. "Of 6. S7 JOSSELYH, FBEDON1/every N. J. diameter. Buds and 2 vears old tend from B ),Goon onc and land one-half for fruit hours'and sail from Tam
--- -. two and a half to eight feet high. Good roots pa. vegetables; goodneighborhood
# and straight stocks and healthy. I am an old) resident -
For here, and can also give some valuable
prices address -
FOR SALE IMMEDIATELY. GEORGE, DARLING information in regard to choice river fronts,
Drayton Island ,Fla. etc., including the mostf nltable and pleasant
location for a Sea Side Hotel and cottages on
this side of the Bay Slanez( Inlet). Also a
7,000 to 8,000 Citrus Trees, ComprisingVILLA PE VILLA NURSERY.Choice good site for a sawmill; quick demand for ,
FRANCHA LEMONS, WASHINGTON NAVELS and JAFFA ORANGES, Information free. Buy of owners,and save

Mostly Lemons. Must be sold in a lamp. Terms reasonable. Some one can make money by FLORIDAGROWN FRUIT TREES heavy commissions. Will give good references -
if desired. Direct toGRANVILLE
handling them. Address G. L,. TA BElt, of all kinds, including the Bidwell's Early PLATT s
e Glen St. Mary Nurseries, Glen St Mary, Fla. .'1a.
Hillsborongb Co. (
Peach, and the finest stock of Kelsey Plums ,

\ CLEAR WATER NURSERIES.Choice in the State. Also Rome choice one-year old ALBERT FRIES

Asparagus (collossal) crowns. If you want ,

and Improved Varieties of Tropical and SemiTropicalTrees trees send for prices and save money. St. Nicholas, Fla.

Plants, Bulbs and Flowers. JT. E. Cole, Prop, Agent for Geo. W. Baker's

Special attention given to setting and tending young groves, budding and pruning old Glen St.Mary, Baker Co., Fla. ROTTED BONE MANURE '
oneill planting Lawns and Flower Gardens. All work guaranteed. aPwe are also agents :
uuey' Coulter Harrow and the old reliable brand of Geo. W. Baker's Flesh, Blood and WRITE: FU.JC, DECOMPOSED WITH POTASH.
Bone Fertilizer. All inquiries promptly answered. Send for Catalogue. Call on or address, : Twenty-five dollars per ton free on board;in
UNCAN BROS, Clear Water Harbor, HUlsboro' County, Fla. !:Iov to..Grow LeConte, Keifter, Jacksonville, or at factory price delivered in

Bartlett, and Other Pearsin ,New YorK.

; }The Lakeland Nursery Company :, : ,the South." Free. 2*.Budded to ,. Orange- and Umbrella Trees from

>:";"., Are now in readiness to forward a copy of their ,
Thomafl\"me 1

S.U, ,,:" '. 'M M E Ft P, B. :I: CE:: ] :LaJ: : S.T. RELIABLE SEEDSFOR


Communicate 'with E. H. TISON. Manager ,

June 15, 1887. : Lakeland Pol IT (.0.,Fla, GARDENERS AND FARMERS. :

c.a.1.n.es-vi11e: lam'-ir erie N. *
Largest and Best Stock in theS outh.

SPECIAL '.OW'PRICES to large, buyers. Sendus

NEW PEACHES A SPECIALTY. 6,000 Superiors, ripens in May, size above medium, a list of what you require and WH will makei a betnttfnl and valuable gift for*lady,gentleman or
quality best of all. 5,000 Thomas, late, ripens In September; single specimens have weighed quote prices per return mall. Descriptive child and(n 01;der to secure new easterner. for our Company! ,
a pound. Bidwell's Early Wonder, and five other new varieties will be found in stock. Catalogue free. we will fciward' pnntpai.l to aUJ adltre'.oDe of our ilEA w'1r
10,000 Kelsey Japan Plums 20,000 LeConte Pears 20.COJ Persimmons 2 10 ta'K.DOLLED GOLD SOLID IL' Gll. eitherin
; Japan to feet .
PLAIN u>:CD HALE 1I0V D. oouuc
high, and 100,000 Orange trees,of all good varieties, will\ be sold CIIEAP Foil CASH. T. W. WOOD & SONS, Seedsmen, HEART or MAXDSttME: STO E. let with either
Many miss it who buy elsewhere. SIX CAItlTCTS orSI.VTUnoUOISE.Mih No 10 S. Fourteenth St., Richmond .aJEi'DC Illustrations: ,on receipt of only GO CEIVTS etch. We will
engrave any X******, Initial. BItto or.Sentimentclai'red
Lemons Lemons Genuine Navels. >Ft. t3..A.L.E: :, provided! on you theliuldo of the ring\\VHhoutExtr Cluur(-(

ORDER NOW, before our stock of Villa Franca Lemons Is out. We have Just sold 7,600 At Immense Bargains. CUTOUTTHISADVERTISEMENTand
of this choicest of nil Lemons for Fall delivery, but have some left. Our bearing Lemons mall to n*on or before Dee.SOth.S.."'. JU the
are loaded. We shall ship In July and August and publish results in the "Dispatch." 60,0 0 LeConte pear trees one.two and three ume time va send your tiDe we will will be mall yon a band! ofour
Catalortui and feel Pure you 00 litchi pleued
We have also a beautiful of the GENUINE Washington Navels budded from one'of years old, finest nursery stock in America. and with the rlDr,and that it will give such entlro Mitlsfaetioa. -
the ORIGINAL TREES we received from Washington nine years since. Also most all at lowest prices. that yon will obllsa us by trtbutlnr our Ota
other varieties of Orange, Lemon and,.Llme. 2,000( Paper JSnoIl: Pecan tree8.tr'ostexceUent l gae.among Jourtrtenda.nl at the lame time showing
The Double Imperial Navel and the At wood's Seedless Navel we now offer for the first time variety Kolb Gem Melon Seeds Hay and them the! .Beautiful. :received from us. You can In
to the Florida Orange Growers. We shall have for Fall and Winter delivery a few hundred Corn, bv C. L.,delivered. Finest Syrup made Bffualltr lets; Wmj .I.t we*.ID manufacture lelUur othergoodeotstandardwhich from new aDd original
of each of these varieties KF.DKCY: A CARRY, Winter Park. Fla. or evaporated by the barrel. |designs*.and which: we CUARAXTEC: to give sttl.
I own over" 12fiOO acres of rirn red clay land 3 faction.

In this county,and wish to sellout!;( () develop By our Future Sales we make our Profit.
THE CITRA NURSERIESHave the balance. Perfect safety and fair profit
guaranteed,with absolute security for a partner I Remember,the ring we tend yon !. not an 8lectro.Plated .
with capital\, and demonstrate to his I ninjc.butMEAVY18-K.nOI.UEU
on hand and for sale a large stock of fine entire satisfaction that an Immense! fortunecan land this U.M'nECEBEUVTEO offer la only made to
Introduce our'co-S. and Catalogues Into yon
Budded and Sweet Trees. be reasonably expected. Write for cIrcu- H vieinlty. Our firm!.old ettahU hed ind reliable,moan- i
Seedling Orange lar containing prices of nursory stock and ir etnrtn(flnt- Uxs toodi from tbe precIous roeUlt. we can
Stocks five anti buds laud,and full particulars in regard to advantages only tend out..Limited IV umber otrtag...'price named Y
two three old.
one, years All the leadln'gnamed varieties; wel of th's sectian and to protect ourwUee from Jewtlere ordering qiunUtlei i
grown and well rooted. Budded Peach and Nectarine Trees, Roses,etc. Send for mid my propositions and I we will Insert this adrertUement O.XC.Y ONCE la this
descriptive catalogue before giving your orders elsewhere. references.E. paper,hence nqutre yon t.cut ft out and Bend tomB ..
B. nAIIrv. ;,j..utic'c.Hu. that we may know you are entitled to the benefitof taU>fer.
,i,. \V. MPSI3Y &:;.CO., CItrn, ITTarioii ("0., Fin.
Under no Circumstances
9 will we load more than two rings toanyonepereonorfamtiy,
OR ANGUS, ; LEMONS but after you bare ordered and other Hate are d'tlred. we I
Pomegranates Valrico Nurseries iwlll furnish t8-K. SOLID GOLD KIACS at from as
Guavas, wish riDe fend 111 this
M83.OO to 80.0O. If you one
Pigs, ,.,. Bananas, i.dyedi.ementand.scents J if you wish two rings lendtbui
Peaches TROPICAL AND SUBTBOPICAI : Pine-Apples, .dvertlsement and f LOO. If wore than two are desired you
drapes. r Avocado P'rs mnstpayfuliprtce. ToaCtrta1D! tbulzerlnl'yoa we.rcotpiece
Pears, a of string so It viil lust meet around the flnier.. la
Anona Bordertnr state the kind of rtng or rings wanted. If you order
Pecans, Catalogue Free. Acacia, la stone ring tay whether It II*garnet or turquoise that Is
Oriental l'"erlum,' I wanted,also write plainly the enjrraYln: you wish on the
Plums andPemimmons W. G. TOUSEY, Caladium, .- I Inside. Small amounts can be sent at onrrl kbnt the better
Polnci Iy I way Is to end by money order orregieteredletter.. Postage
Co. Fla. na, stamps received the same ascash. If you are la NewTork at
LI1UEII.! Etc Seffhcr, Htllsborough PALMS, Etc. Many time would be pleuedtohave youcalland lee ua.Addresn

> ,

i salt

Catalogues, with practical hints to now beginners, free on application. Our list include 41 ,
the choicest varieties of the Citrus family grown. Also, .

Peaches, Peal's, Plums, Grapes, and other Fruits. C

specialty.Our stock is' one of the largest in the State. Thornless and Early Fruiting varieties& n 1 ,


Indian 8pri"Ks. Orange Co.,Fla. .
Patronize Home Manufacturer, ---- --- -

'!trap n.e.'e Nu..r erl.es: O. :JETEJFLS: : I CURE !

OF THE Manufactures Soap Pare Ground Bone and When I say cure I do not mean merely to stop them
for s time and then have them return.gain. X mean a
Bounetheau Orange Tree Emulsion',' Scraps radical core. I hare made the disease of FITS,. EPIIr
and Care Bone fnrPonllrySoft Soap and BPSYor FALLING alile-longrtudy.. I
Oriental Importing:: ; Company.Main Soap Chips making Soap Suds for Trees warrant my remedy to core the worst eases. Because
and Vegetables. Office 28 Ocean St.,Jacksonville others hare failed id no reason for not now receiving acure.
: OflUx* 120 Sutter St.San Fraoclsca S. GOLDMAN: : Manager. Fla. P.O.Box 313; Correspondence so. Send at once for a treatise and a Free Bottle
of my infallible remedy. Give Express and Post Office.
U.KOOT.sit.C-,.183.PearlSc.New. York.
PERSIMMONS AND ORNAMENTAL TREES Mend for Catalogue. ----- -- "---
UflPI"OR> Alii"- 50 A WEEK and
I Tf Unix expenses paid. Outfit wor h 85 IMPERIAL HAIR COLORING.
I aud'particularsfree.' P. O VICKKHY, An-
SOUTH FLORIDA NURSERIES. 'gnsta, 'If ',"o. Color To any one sending\at.y>with sam
pie of hair we trill forward Imperial
t. Black.
Hair Regenerator guarantee that

Slrty'thousand choice Grange, Lemon and Lime Trees for sale. Ten thousand fine Florida 2. Dark Brown. hair be which l hutantly is partially restored to wholly Its rigtaal pray[
Pouch Trees, of the and Peon-To varieties also varleti 3. Med. Broirq.will
Sxwn Honey two new p,Hybridsof MAGIC LANTERNS and beauty. Absolutely Harm
and \'Nt-Tn, named by us Chinese King and Chinese"'( ueen... The Chinese Klug 4. Chestnut. less.Odot'l PAMPHLET FREE
ripens.In MuThe Queen ripens three weeks later than Hone Our evening bearing orange 6.LIght Chest. and Lasting,
will give. von ripe frail the round. We have the genuine Washington Navel sent to us '.b.t1 0 j _!: View 6.Gold Blonde. Imperial% <<:Chemical rCo..
direct from Washington. Big amount on largo orden,.. A' nbJ kftMu/Or for P G art ecltA H/6 anssll/ TJO"tmpitel", :AIo'*',' Z Ash Blonde 64 V. 2Srd 11UfiOCt street P.,n.Ji ryorlc.

lire R p MO N111 I1narr.er, *AUICTU tof Home Annuemeat.. 153 pap Catatefas Jr...,
Like. enPlozi1a. MCALLISTERopueuHa, *au$'- l1.,Ya j


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... NOVEMBER 7 1887. ._' '-;
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borne 700 oranges. The price obtained brown streaks, where the wood is be. for the FLORIDA DISPATCU. j

The lfove for this fruit in America is ginning to form. The buds and JAPAN ORANGES. .J

marvelous; we imported one hundred branches on young trees begin about Report of the Agricultural Societyof .... .,.",
six inches from the and -
graft are very Tokio. ..:.
For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. boxes several steamers last
quarter on
close together and plentiful. The [[Transcript made especially for the Froame DISPATCH "i
The UnsMu Orange. year, and they were sold at an\ average blossoms are snow white and very fra by the Oriental Importing Company.1 :'

Through the courtesy of S.L. rantiaceas _
( manager of the Oriental Import market. top and light green underneath, long ) I
and oval, rather small and thick. In our Southwestern provinces! of
ing Company, of San Francisco, we The fruit itself grows larger as the '
TIle other worthless varieties the country, where the climate is
lay before our readers this'week a,correct tree grows older, -and in order to get a also very fine roots and the tree grows warm, such as the provinces of Eli ;

s, representation of this new Japan good size fruit, it is necessary to pick up fast, and in ,two or three long and Satsuma, or Kinshin and Shiko- ," :
i orange which is now attracting off the blossoms and little green shoots. The color of the stem is
d the attention of the orange growing oranges the first two years. This in- rough,,_ dark green, and when cut, ku, there are produced various speciesand
creases size of tree as well as fruit. smells) like all wild orange trees. The varieties of the orange family, as
fraternity of the United States. Those
V special crops, more especially in, the
who are introducing this variety claim "
province of Kii, various, kinds are
that it is the only seedless orange abundantly and
produced, are yearly _
known in Japan; that it is without ex- .: ,' -:'" exported to every other province ;
.ception the hardiest variety there a but in the northern provinces of the

grown, and that although the trees l W country, where the climate is colderin
winter, there are produced only a
of somewhat dwarf habit
are they are
few of the most vigorous varieties.
,thornless, and bear young and yield Some of them appear to have 'been

,prolific crops of superior fruit. The originally introduced from China: and

:following account of this orange was Corea and some other warmer coun-

;prepared especially for the FLORIDA tries, and afterwards to have pro
duced numerous varieties by the
DISPATCH by J. Hayami, a prominent gress of cultivation.The .

Japanese horticulturist, whose letter_ fruit is generally round and
of transmittal bears date ,of October, oblate in form, the rind usually or

19, 1887. ",: ange yellow, the pulp yellowish trans
parent, sweet in flavor and sub-acid

"UNSHIU-MIKAN.: .' .", in cooling qualities. the rind mostly
This is the proper name for this ex- fragrant and sweet, but sometimes

:cellent variety of Japanese! oranges, .): ..,.._. .,,....:..' ...-,- --'. -' _.. --- -. -_ .,......-._..'' "":":1i-w-I'."' bitter and sour. The pulp is sweet
THE UNSHIU TRANSVERSESECTION. ;: and mostly of a delicious flavor and
and the names of"Oonshiu and "Kii >
I is suitable for table use either in a
Seedless" are given to similar varieties, '
state in
[ raw or preserved cans or jars.
or perhaps to the genuine "Unshiu," Some keep well until the winter or

either in order to get up a specialtyfor +E \ .I spring, when fruit is soarce. Some

the one who names it or to deceive .. I keep for three years on the branches
I of tree and color and
a change taste
the public to inferior grad'eswith
or cover i
often that from
a g during period, green
k 4
the name of a similar orange}, into yellow, again into green and from

!mispelling it, though in order not to there again into yellow, etc. The

be liable for damage suits. oranges are used for various purposes;
' some for confectionery for their
These trees rather small and
4' are ,
,. acid juice, some for esrential oil of
like all other,Japanese orange trees, their rinds, some for jam and marmalade -

.. '"have a tendency to branching out low l some for cookery, and most of
{ :':-and busby,' Many claim the Japanese ry them for:) table use.
The soil'most adapted for the plantingof
,orange. can not grow as high as standard S. -
I Japanese oranges is a sandy loam,
trees. Maybe not, although we 4, or a yellow clay loam, which is richly

have satisfactorily proven they grow manures, in a situation neither too dry

fifteen to eighteen feet high, by dig- THE UNSHIU ORANGE-NATURAL SIZE. nor too damp; a free open space, or a
ging out a single tree seventeen feet hillside declining toward the southeastis
Careful manuring also is a great helpto shape of the stems and branches are preferable.In .
high and importing it, but we ask, is
the growth of these trees. Lately like a knife, showing two or three our southwestern provinces the
it necessary for a tree to grow very have been and thorns the blossoms has been
some orange trees imported sharp edges ; orange family long subject to
high to become an abundant bearer? which were called in Japan "Maru I are like those of the wild orange, and improvement by culture and selectionof

Certainly not, at least not with the Bushin Kan," and some that are called the branches and buds about three to best varieties, which are then propa

Japanese orange trees. Of course we "Tanagairi" (which means bad trans five inches apart from each other. The gated by grafting. 1 he varieties of

would advise everybody to train their planted stock, changed its nature) and leaves are light green, thin, and wide i the orange family, as those of the persimmon -
also some "Tarashi" (good for noth and large.A i are only propagated by
Japanese orange trees high, as muchas ing). These have been thrown into good many people are deceived by grafting, because seedlings are very
). they can without expecting too the market at ruinous rates. These the fine growth which these wild trees slow in bearing fruit, and also always

much from the tree, but we find that people can afford it, as they only paid make,and prefer their looks to that of produce inferior varieties. The trees

: trees which are pruned little after one cent a piece in Japan. In orderso the genuine "Unshiu." But those require in Japan manuring twice a

,,., four from the bud, and the public should not bo deceived, buying orange trees for profit, will be year, in the early spring and in the
,. ; they are years we give you a description of the "Un- sadly disappointed when they get a late autumn; night soil, oil cake and
are only eight feet high, bear more shiu" and of the varieties sold as worthless variety, which they will find fish manures are preferable, and are
oranges"than twelve year old Standard "Unshius." out the first year. The attention of applied in aj: circular furrow, dug in

Navels. An old tree fifteen years old The "Unahiu orange tree'1 has a the Nurserymen's Association, of the ground around the trunk of each

in;the yard of our Mr. T. Hayami, in very fibrous, healthy root about ten Osaka, and the Japan Horticultural tree, which should always be prunedonce
inches long; the stem is round and Society, of Tokio has been called to a year in the early spring. The
Kai county, Japan, bore 1,100'9ranges not quite as straight as our domestic that fraud and we shall hear from ripening season of the fruit differs according -

last season. Trees ten years old and. ,orange trees. The bark is ,smooth, them very goon,. and publish their reportal. to variety, and also the growthof

i' allowed,to. grow, low.and. bushy, have. thin, light green, covered '..with,, ..,.. ,light ... the trees, but the. earliest' varieties
< '
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>918;:. .:' ':) ,., ( THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.-- [NOVEMBER 7,1887.
1 -,
.. are gathered in first of November, and district of Shirawa, in' the Province of 18. Lemon-(Citrus' medica var. var (?).-Produced in the province of
the latest end of December.The Totonri. Fruit small to medium, limonum). Produced in Ogasawarajima Kii. Fruit medium, much resembles .
trees, except a few vigorous varieties oblate, much larger than common (Bonin Island), originally intro- the Kin Kunmembo in form. This is
suffer from severe frost, but a Koji-Mikan; rind thin, smooth, yellowish duced from America. Fruit medium, also fitted for keeping a long, time as
mere covering of straw will prevent ; pulp sweet, sub-acid, free from oval or ovate terminated by a small the true sweet orange, but somewhat
mischief.: The vigorous varieties (Un- bitter taste. Good in quality blunt nipple-like point. Skin smooth, superior in quality. Good for tableuse.
shiu, etc.) can stand severe frost, and 8. Beni-Koji-Produced in the pale lemon yellow, rind much thinner, .
even ice. The fruit is carefully cut Provinces of JCii,Osumi and Satsuma. very fragrant. Pulp white, juicy, 29. Uchi-Murasaki or Shaddock(Cit.
off with scissors from the tree, and not Fruit medium, roundish, oblate; rind strong acid taste. Lemons are chiefly rus decumana).-It is grown in the
pulled off. The most successful meth. thin, brilliant, redish orange; most used for their acid juice, and essentialoil Southwestern provinces, where the cli-
od for keeping it, is to put the perfect handsome in color; pulp sweet sub-acid from the rind, and also for the mate is warmer. Fruit very large,
oranges directly in a new, tight barrelas with slightly bitter aftertaste. Goodas manufacture of citric acid. weighing sometimes one 'to three
soon as gathered from the tree, the an ornamental desert dish. 19. To'Dai'Dai.-Produced in the pounds, roundish or oblate in form,
spaces between each fruit being filled 9. Kin-Kunembo (citrus auran- provinces of Kii and Satsuma. Fruit Ii with smooth, pale yellow, fragrant
with dry chaff of brick wheat, or dry, tium var.-Produced at Kagoshima much resembles the YamabukiMikanin rind; rind very thick; pulp sweet sub-
clean sand, and are carefully trans- in the Province of Satsuma. Fruit form but slightly differs in color acid, juicy"dull; purplish or light red-
ferred into a dry, cool cellar, where medium roundish; rind thin orange and quality. Pulp sweet, delicious, ish! color, handsome,showy; keeps well]]; 4
they can be kept till spring or early yellow, adhering to pulp; pulp sweet. good for keeping.} good for table use. It is palatable'.
summer. Oranges are also kept in It much resembles the true sweet 20. Eeni-Alikan.-l'roduced in the with the addition of a little sugar.
pits and ridges in the ground in the orange in form and color, but little inferior province of Idzu. Fruit small,round- There are many budded varieties ,.g
woods, covered with dry leaves. or a in quality; keeps well; good for ish, oblate. Rind thin, bright reddish and seedlings not named here, where
layer of earth, but it is an inferior table use and for keeping. color, much resembling the small the fruit and blossoms are used'for ,
method. 10. Juko.-Tree very hardy. Fruit Mandarin orange. Pulp juicy, rich pickles, $hut they are of no commercial
We have'bow collected twenty-nine medium, roundish, much resembles in flavor, one of the best as an ornamental value, and consequently not in this list. .
principal varieties of the oranges cul- Judzu in form, rather,smooth on sur ] dessert dish. .-.-.
tivated in this country, but new ones face; rind thick, yellow color. ; pulp 21. Kawachi-Mikan.:Produced in The Fruits of Japan.
are addedjyearly, either through cultivation sweet when quite ripe. the district of Arita in the provinceof Our correspondent, H. H. Berger,
or importation of new varie 11. Toko.Judzu.-Tree much vigorous Kii. Fruit medium,oblate. Rind well known wherever the horticultural -
ties. The twenty nine kinds mentioned and prolific. Fruit small, round; thin, deep orange, handsome color. literature of Japan is read, has
hereafter, may be called the native skin roughpale yellow, smell not as Pulp sweet, sub-acid, good for table interest-
promised unusually
us some
Japanese. good as the common Judzu ((24)). ,It use and for keeping. It is erroneouslycalled
1. Natfu Dai Dai.- Produced onlyat keeps well on the branch of the tree Y atsushiro-: Iikan, which latteris ing and illustrated articles on Japanese
Hagi, in the province of Nagato. the second year. only produced in the district of trees, and plants, that promiseto
Fruit; very large, round,somewhat oblate 12. Nagami-Kinkan or 'Kinquat Yatsushiro, province of Sligo. succeed in Semi-Tropical America.
; rind thick, with rough surface; (cumguot; citrus Japonica var. elip- 22. Kino Kuni-Mikan.-It is abun- While this treat is in preparation we
color bright yellow the first year, tica-Fruit ,very small]], oblong or dantly produced in the district of cannot refrain from the
changing to dull yellow the second olive shape and size; rind thick, yel- Arita, the province of Kii. Fruit reproducing '
summer, and then it is palatable; pulp lowish, smooth, with sweet scented medium, oblate. Rind thin, orange following interesting communication
sweet, sub-acid, juicy. Good as sum- smell, sweet in taste; pulp small, containing yellow color, smooth on surface. Pulp to the Pacific Rural Press, in whichhe
,.mer fruit for table use, and, also the many seeds. It is eatable in yellowish, sweet, juicy, one of the best gives an account of some of the
expressed juice is used as a beveragefor raw state and is also preserved in cans for table use. The province of Kii fruits of this unique country, as
the summer season. or made into marmalade. produces the variety more than any
2. Dai-Dai (Citrus bigaradia.var.) 13. Jigatara Mikan (citrus decum- other. they impressed him on his first visit. to
Produced in all warmer districts. : ana var.-It is produced at Yana- 23. Koji.-Produced in various the island :
Fruit large to medium, round; rind gawa, in the province of Chikugo, provinces. Fruit medium, oblate. Not so many years ago Japan was
thick, orange color in ripe state, with Fruit very small, conical at the end ; Rind very thin, pale yellow. Pulp known to the larger part of the civilized .
bitter taste; pulp sour. The unripe rind very thick, orange color, with sub-acid, with slightly bitter taste. inhabitants of the western hem
rind is dried and used for medicine, or rough', surface ; pulp sweet, sub-acid, Although inferior in quality it ripen isphere as merely an empire existing
the juice is expressed for a beverage; juicy. Good for table use and for earlier than any other, and the blo in the Orient, of rather misty and
it is also used for cooking. The fruit keeping. soms are used as spice. shadowy proportions. But few in-
has the peculiarity of becoming; yellowthe 14. Marru-Bushiukan (citrus medica 24. Judzu.-Cultivated everywhere. trepid travelers. had reached those
first winter, and again changes to var.-Fruit large or medium, closely in the country, even in the north.. I shores ; fewer still had penetrated beyond *
greenish in the second summer, with resembles the citron in form, but it The tree is vigorous, and can stand a the few ports open to foreign
such alternating color; it remains on has little fragrant smell and an acid cold northern climate. Fruit me commerce. But an end has come to
the tree during three or four years. juice like the citron ; rind extraordinarily dium, round; rind thick, yellow]] with the mysterious seclusion, and the Mik-
3. ;Kunembo.-Produced in Kii,Sat- thick ; pulp little ; the rind is rough, uneven surface: pulp sub-acid, ado's empire, though not by any f
suma, and some other warmer prov- used in confectionery. Good. many seeded; rind fragrant, with means an open territory, has ceased to .
inces. Fruit medium, round, some- 15. To Mikan (citrus aurantiura slightly bitter taste; much used for be as impenetrable as it was half a
what oblate; rind thick;. deep orange var.-Produced in the province of cooking, etc. The unripe small fruit century ago.
color, very fragrant; pulp sweet,juicy, Tosa. Fruit medium, round and and blossoms are used as spice. It had been my dream for years to
delicious; keeps well. Very good for globular, much resembles the true 25. "Marumi-Kinkan or Kinquat" travel through the land, the description :
table use and for keeping. sweet orange in form ; rind rather \Citrus japonica var. fructu globosa). of whose richness in vegetation I
4. Yamabuki-Mikan.-Produced at thick, orange color; pulp sweet, juicy ; -Fruit very small, roundish or globular had read and heard of, and at last
Kumamato, in the province of Higo. keeps well for a long time. Very ; pulp small]], containing large this spring this dream was made real.
Fruit large, roundish, conical; rind good for table use and for keeping. seeds. It is eatable, rind and all. ity. For several months I traversedthe
'thick; pale orange red; pulp sweet, 16.Kinugawa-Mikan.-Produced in 26. Naruto-Mik+cn.It is produced mainland of Nippon from'Yoko-
sub-acid'juicy.i J3ood for table use the province of lyo. Fruit large, only at Sumoto, in the province of hama to Nugate, the farthest point
and for keeping. oblate ; rind thin, smooth, yellowish Awaji. Fruit medium, round, rather west, and from Nagasaki back to Yo
5. SahurojimaJikan.Produced in orange color ; pulp sweet, juicy ; keep large; rind thick, yellowish, rough on kohama.
the Isle of Sakurajima, in the prow well for a long time. Good in quality. surface. It is sour in the first year, Japan extends from latitude 24 de-
ince of Osumi Fruit small, roundish, 17. Bushiukan or fingered citron and remains on the tree until the sec- grees to 50 degrees 40 minutes north,
oblateArind; deep orange; pulp sweet, (citrus medica var, chirocarpus. ond summer, when it becomes delicious and from longitude 124 degrees to 156
juicy;.,most,.delicious;,quality; very Produced in the warmer provinces of ; pulp sweet, juicy. Good as a degrees 38 minutes east-thus strag-
good. the Southwest. Fruit rather large size, summer dessert dish. It much resem- gling over 26 degrees of latitude ex-
6. Unshiu Mikan.-Produced'in the I quite solid, with scarcely any pulp or bles the Natsu Dai-Dai in its. use and tending towards the south within
district of Arita in the province oi f: cells, and divided at the end with five quality thirty miles of the Tropic of Cancer.
Kii and also in the Province of Idzu., or more long round lobes on which 27. Kabusu (Citrus bigaradia var.) One may enjoy an almost perpetual
Fruit is medium, rather large, oblate;; account it is called Bushiukan or -Fruit large, round, much resembles summer in Yakunoshima, or experience
rind 'thin, smooth,deep orange color;; Budan fingered orange. The rind I the Dai-Dai, above named, also vulgarly the severity of a Siberian win
pulp? sweet'J.uiey, most delicious, con. pale, yellowish color ; the fruit' has called so. It is distinguished ter in the northern part of Yesso.
seeds or{seedless,.' a most agreeable perfume and is by having a single calyx instead of a I Japan lies but twenty miles from
,, It is mostly esteemed for its excellent t much esteemed for ornamental pot double calyx as the Dai-Dai. The use i Kamschatka ; its eastern coast is
qualities for table use, as well as foi culture. The young fruit is made and quality are strictly the same of warmed by the Kuro-Shirro, the gulf
being seedless. Considered the' best into confectionery and is esteemed for both. : stream of the North Pacific, whereas _
; N.7. Produced in.the its fragrance.., a i i 28. Ama Dai-Dai (Citrus aurantum I the western coast is chilled during a "


;E u -


&OVEMBEB'7,1887.J. ', THE FLORIDA DISPAT H.' : : t gt91': ,- ._ } '

great part of the year by a cold north- and one very early ripening plum, back when required. Several of our
west wind from the Asiatic mainland.. called ,Yosobe-a round, yellowish Poultry and JpiaF}'. more experienced apiarists have not -:
The climate in Yesso is intensely cold plum, with rich, red bloom over- used the extractor. all, realizing the
during winter. On the whole, the spreading it. The Prunus Mume is I The Bee-Keepers Want Professor prospect of honey would not warrantit.

summer throughout Japan is intensely the commonest plum in Japan,a small Webster. t :
hot, damp and cloudy, the winter greenish fruit, extremely acrid and A petition is being circulated Opinions differ greatly as to the
cold,bright, the months of May\ and disagreeable. It is pickled in brine among the apiarists of Volusia county yield the present. season. In the vi-
June the rainy season. In the main- by the natives, and, as euch, much .cinity of Oak Hill, half a. crop is
American Bee-
that the North
land of Nippon or Japan proper the relished. Other verieties of plums, asking claimed. A crop in that vicinity,
thermometer in the winter ,months which have come in the market under Keepers' Society to be held in,Chicago, through the Mangrove islands, shows '.
falls as low as 15 degrees above zero, the name of"Japan Plums," are only Ill, November 16 and 18 appoint but a small proportion of half of the
and the cold is very penetrating. In European sorts which have come into Professor G. W. Webster, of Lake mangrove bushes bearing the partly
the island of Yesso the winter is extremely the hands of the Japanese gardener Helen, as its vice-president for Floridafor matured seed; consequently, there is
liable to be a mistake. In the vicinityof
severe. In my opinion the and are by them sold to ignorant
climate of all our Atlantic Gulf parties as Japanese varieties. Most the ensuing year. It is suggestedthat New Smyrna, the proportion is still

States, Georgia, Florida Alabama, Japanese gardeners will sell you an "Under thejauspices of Professor less. Bees, on an average,were in fair
Louisiana, etc., is identical with the apple for a plum tree, if you only pay Webster, who is a practical Botanistas condition to harvest a bountiful crop,
J climate of Nippon, whereas the cli- them. well as apiarist, the apiacultural but somehow it failed to materialize
mate of Yesso is the same as that of Toe Mammoth Chestnut of Japan is res ources of the State of Florida will when parties sought to leave an ample
4\ the Eastern States. gaining in favor everY'year. Its great be demonstrated to the satisfaction of supply for the colonies.
The vegetation of Japan throughoutis size and fine flavor recommend it, as those interested in the pursuit. We still have in expectation a yield
extremely rich and luxuriant-the well as its early bearing capacity. H. from the syrup secreted on the surfaceof
hillsides are never brown and barren H. Sanford, of Thomasville, Ga., one For the FLORIDA DISP ATcn. the saw palmetto berry, which is
-the whole country being so thor- of the best known experts in nursery From the Apiaries.The barely palatable and only desirable
oughly irrigated by countless little business, writes to us, under date June continuous rainy weather has for winter stores. J. Y. D.
streams and rivulets, canals and 17th : "I planted out about fifty of the prevented the bees from securing what New Smyrna,October. .15, 1887.
ditches. The cultivation of the soil trees I got of you last season. Someof little honey may have been secre- For the FLORIDA DISPATCH.: .
is brought to perfection. It is a necessity them have matured fruit already, ted at this season of the year. Duringa Sore Head in Fowls.
with the Japanese farmer to and I had it on exhibition last weekat continued stress of weather as atpresent What is called sore head in fowls
make the most of the small patch of: the Georgia Horticultural Societyat \: the colonies, if strong in numbers attacks young fowls in the summer
land which he generally owns. The : Dalton, Ga." Discussion has arisen consume honey quite rapidly, and autumn mostly. It is an ulcera-
fields are divided into innumerable among various nurserymen as to the and if not abundantly- supplied, soon tion of the head and throat, and is
squares, triangles, sextagons, etc., likea relative merits of raising these nuts reach a point of destitution, if not caused by impure water more than
great checker-board, and every foot from seed, or from the imported graftedtrees. starvation. Relative to this matter, in anything else. It is contagious, give
of ground is utilized.It The opinions and results have conversation with one of our oldest the birds affected soft feed only, as
is n singular observation,still one been so diverse that it will be some beekeepers, Mr. E. G. Hewitt, he gaveme their throats are so sore they will nut
which I could not fail to make, that time before a settled determination is the result of a practical test as to swallow] corn or any other hard grainor
of such fruits as were ripening duringmy arrived at. One rule ought to be observed the amount of honey consumed by an feed in sufficient quantity to keep
sojourn there were none attainedthe in all cases, and this cannot be average colony of bees per month them in good health. Provide good
fine flavor nor size that they do too often repeated. Let every one who after the close of the honey season. clean water, renewed every day for
with us. The principal fruits of Japan wishes to succeed with the culture of Taking the weight of his colonies their use. Rusty nails or other iron
are the persimmon, chestnut, orange,, Japanese fruit trees plant the same about the first of August, he found at should be placed in the water to act
different plums, loquat, prunus tomen- early in the season-not wait until the expiration of sixty days a loss of as a tonic. Oak bark in the water is
to8at some very poor sorts of peaches,, March or April-let the young tree twenty-eight pounds, or fourteen also good as a tonic, and astringent.
apricots, a small and sour apple, anda have a chance to incorporate its roots pounds per month. During this time Grease their head .after washing them
very hard and tasteless pear. Their into the soil with the rain and have numerous fall flowers were in bloom with carbolic soap suds, clean the
berry fruit is small and sour. The become somewhat established before which afforded a partial subsistence to perches, the"coop" or fowl house, and
persimmon is raised all over the coun- the heat of summer overtakes it. Do the colonies. Allowing five poundsper keep it clean and your fowls will soon
try; wherever you travel these stately,, not run into the planting of any kind week as a rough estimate under get well of sore head.
beautiful trees, with their glossy green of new and, as yet, untried fruit, head- those conditions for each colony to secure M. C.
k foliage, greet the eye. long. Try at first on a small scaleif it would require thirty-four Mandarin, Fla., October 25,1881.
L This fruit has of late years been you succeed you will be encouragedto pounds of honey to keep an average ANOTHER REMEDY.
I largely introduced into this country.. plant more-should you fail, try colony in fair condition. As there are Seeing an inquiry for a remedy for
L Like all new fruits it has at first to be again, or, if you are discouraged, you times in the season similar to the pres- I: sore head will give mine. Crude
known until it can be appreciated. will have, at least, the consolation not ent where there are no facilities to add petroleum three ounce; oil penny-
JM The fruit was not ripe while I was in to have lost much. We do not advo- i to the stores, I should think the above royal one teaspoonful; carbolic acid
Japan, but the unanimous verdict of cate the wholesale planting of any new I a fair estimate of the amount of honey twenty drops; apply a few drops to s
r %?\\l European residents was, that the variety until merit is established. required for each colony per month. their heads twice a week, I never lose
/fruit in season was simply delicious. Some fruit trees or plants which Forty pounds of sealed honey is con- any by sore head..
We feasted on some very fine dried flourish in Japan may deteriorate here, sidered ample in the Northern Statesto WM. A. [ARSH.
specimens, which are quite equal, if others-as is certainly the case with winter the average colony upon, Orlando,Fla.,October 26. 1887.
not superior, to the dried figs. The plums-may gain in size and flavor. taking into consideration the bees A SURE CURE.
varieties most used for drying are the Give them jail a fair trial. are confined to the hive ina Teacupful of lard; teaspoonful of
Tare-nashi, or seedless, and the semi-torpid condition from kerosene; teaspoonful of oil penny-
Hachija. The varieties which are For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. November until March.In royal; twenty drops carbolic acid; apply -
best eaten fresh are the Yemon, Hy- The Satsuma. the Florida climate there are not oftener than twice a week, out
akume, Kuro-Kume, Dai-Dai, Maru, Mr. Livingston, of Waldo writesus but few days that bees cannot leave first application will generally be suf-
Zenji-Maru,. Tsuru.Noko, Yedo-ichi. : "The Japan orange "Satsuma" the hive, and their increased ,activity ficent. FRANK H. WILLIAMS.
The tree flourishes best in a rich although looking green, is good, and I requires a greater consumption of Interlachen, Fla., October. < ZI, 1887.
its best. If honey also the prevalence of insect
clayey loam. may say nearly you ; All fowls that feather
( After a most careful research I could notice the mild sub-acid flavor, min- enemies require stronger colonies to For slowly are
usually hardy. instance the Brahmasu
only find the following varieties of gled with its delicious sweet, leavesa successfully protect themselves, are It the -
is owing to fact that the
plums indigenous to Japan: The Bo- longing for another. I find them a among the disadvantages the apiaristhas drain the
on occasioned
tankio, or Kelsey's plumwhichneeds most agreeable tonic for the stomach to contend with. With a knowl- system byquin.k
feathering does not weaken
no description, being too well and bowels, not exciting the most sen- edge of these facts it is worse than Slow
them. while
sitive of folly to persistently take from the colonies feathering growing
known; the Hattankio-which is, in mucus lining even a dispep- is indicative of hardiness.
reality, only a sub-variety of Botankio, that which they require for
differing somewhat in coloring of fruit; tic.They are emphatically the earliest daily use. Of the amounts harvestedby When fowls lay soft eggs, give plenty -
the Nagate, orBotan, a round, reddish orange in cultivation the only drawback the various apiarists, so far as as- of lime and green food. Cabbageis
blue plum, half early; the Shirata is the green appearance of the certained, nine barrels from forty-five a good winter food. Hens that lay
Bene, ,or Uwase-called here the skin at the present time. They area colonies have been reported, the bees' soft eggs are usually quite fat from
"blood plum," on account of its red rough diamond and the hardiesttree being left nearly destitute at the close too much grain feed alone.

flesh; the Nagame, or Smomo, a yellow in cultivation. But the fruit of the season. Boiled potatoes, meat scraps, table
plum, the Shiro Smomo, a whitish loses its sprightliness by Christmasor Another, sixteen barrels from 125 crumbs, etc., serve a better purpose in
plum, late ripening (more of a gage), before and is.then insipid. colonies, the apiarist intending to feed the hen house than in the swill barrel.

I -

F. .

dt DISPATCH. [NOVEMBER 7, 1887.,

_. .
:: I
'i tnre liable to heat and take fire. (I have! other things, in the search, but the re- valuable addition to the list of
Farm, known oi several cases, where barns sults were not satisfactory. Of course the Florida fodder crops. Teosinteis
.... have been burnt down from this cow peas, especially the conch pea, another, although with the latter
Forthe FLORIDA DISPATCH. cause), but if thoroughly dry and are completely successful in their way, you cannot raise your own seed,
Kaffir Corn. aired before putting away, there is no as fertilizers, answering the same pur- and it is almost impossible to do so
danger. pose here that red clover does with with the maize unless you stand
This corn, under the name of Guinea corn is more readily des- Northern farmers; but as p. grain over it with a double barrel shot as
"Guinea corn," has long formed oue troyed by the weavil than the Indian gun,
plant they are not requisite. I heard, the birds are as fond of the seed or corn
of the staple productions of the Ba corn, and iu order to preserve both at last, of Kaffir corn and: branching as your chickens will be if they succeedin
hama Islands, and has been found invaluable these corns for seed, we put it up in Dhourra (or yellow millo maize). I getting any, and it is splendid for
both as food for man and barrels with dry sand, this will keep !sent to Georgia..and got a half pound small chicks if not fed too freely, although .
stock, being considered more nutritious it sound and fresh as long as may be :of each. The ground was dry whenI birds thrive upon it in full

than Indian corn. required. planted.them, and not a quarter of and frequent rations.!
It is almost impossible to enumerat When used as food, it is prepared the yellow millo maize came up at all. I find so much here to do and thatI
:$ the many varieties grown there, either in the form of grits or hulled The season was dry all the way delight in doing, that the days are
but as they are generally' classed as .corn, and. is best eaten with milk. through. I planted it on rather poor not half long enough, till I get so
"Early and Late corn/ it will answer LENNOX E. FORSYTH. pine land, without a particle of fertilizer tired I am obliged to rest, then I am
; our to write of them ui der Lake Melton, Lake county, Fla. was"
purpose .0. l and it not cultivated at all ; ready for it again. t
these heads. For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. but I went amongst it with a hoe ..
Early corn-This is planted from Making Hay in Florida. barely once. What with the dry summer Profits of Farming in Leon County.Mr. .
December to March, and yields its and crab to contend with
Since we came to the State of Flor- grass ,
Miles H. Johnson
first crop in May. After this crop is ida, over two years ago, I have not and a thin stand, I had about givenup who runs an_ Ii\<
gathered, the stalks are cut as low seen as much home-made mown hayas the crop., But at last these insig eight-mule farm and cultivated this
down -aa possible (with a sharp we have in our barn now, and I nificant blades; that could hardly be year 280 acres of land near this city
hatchet). The ground is then clearedup dare say there never was the same observable for a long time, took a furnishes us with the following results
and sometimes burnt over; no amount cut on "Forest Place." It is start, and the growth of the yellow from his memorandum book:
further is it until it has
care given millo maize beat I
matured its next in November an easy matter for any one possessing anything ever saw. 3,500 bushels corn .............................,$2,625
crop, land to obtain his own hay, viz: get There were spots where it came up 60 bales cotton ......._...................*.. 2,000
when the stalks are again cut down and I walked 1,000 bushels oats..NN..N..N..... 600
and your land plowed about June; see that it regularly, as betweenthe :2,000 gal syrup .........._...................._ 600
cleared under this
ground up; is well harrowed and leveled down with rows in these places, I thought of 2,000 bushels potatoes......................u..... 500
treatment it will rattoon from five to Gulli in the fields of the Bob- 500 bushels peanuts....._...._.............. .125
" the Acme harrow; take off all brush ver barley 100 bushels field peas...._..,.......: 100
six years, yielding fair returns. This and lubbish. Now, when the daily dinags. The stalks grew from eight to 4,000 pounds butter.......................N..N.._.....,1,000
................ .
is not 12,000 pounds hay. .. .. ...... 60
variety planted very extensively, summer rains come, the grass will .soon ten feet high, and over that. The yellow -pork ........................ ........ 300 ',

but every planter" has it an acre in or betweenthe more, show itself, regardless of sowing; for millow maize is far ahead of Kaf-- Total........... .........................J7.810-
as a "standby, as comes l here in Florida we don't do as they ,,fir corn every way. It is claimed thatit
two crops of Indian corn, whichare must do in the North and Westsowthe will yield fifty and sixty bushels of The cost of production was as .follows l-

harvested in March and August.I seed. Our fine crab grass grows grain to the acre, and I should thinkit : },

have seen several lots of Kaffir corn spontaneous and very fast; on good, would do' all of that. From the Land taborN.N..N rent ....._.......N.1,000........ ........ .. 280
growing here in Florida, all of whichbelon'g well fertilized land it will .to the small patch of millo maize I had, I Mute rent....,... .......... ..........i....N.._ 210
to the Early corn class. grow I, Mule feed............................................. 200
weight of six feet; yet I prefer to ,cut gathered about two barrels. The Incidental expenses.-, .. 200

variety Late corn-This for a barn is the standard it earlier, so aq to get the second and Kaffir corn did not yield near as muchof Total....................._..._................_...-$1,910
grown crop, planted third cuttings. Now, as we do not all forage or grain-they both make
from January to May. Yields but Deduct this amount from the above
work and labor alike here, of course, excellent bread or pancakes. Thus, ,
one crop annually, shooting out with we do not all make hay the same way.I any man can, with this plant, raise and it leaves a clear profit of$5,900. -
great regularity, about the 15th of find the best time to cut crab grassis his own flour, and as if to add to its Tallahassean. .
November. Two months later it is when the dew is off,. with a good, other good qualities, I would say, from .
all and be taken in For the FLORIDA DISPATCH.
dry, can without experience it is certain and
sharp scythe, and do not cut more my a
any picking over. No further attention than you have room to control. I I sovereign remedy for constipation. I To Eradicate Nut Grass.
is paid to the field until the."Mayrains" mean to dry close to your barn. Of have been a sufferer that way nearlyall To "A Subscriber," Fruitland : The
set in, then it is cleared up and life. and have tried Graham root of the is
course, you may dry it in the field my nut grass much relishedby
the young shoots from the roots form where you cut it, but I prefer to cut flour, rye flour and corn meal_ withouta hogs. Turn a drove onto the
the stock for the next year's crop. If and haul the grass to the barn-yard, particle of benefit in that; and whenI
cleared earlier and the -is "nut grass" patch or pen them on it,
season a wet
clean off a place, and spread the grass, came to use this meal, say about
one, the young shoots have to be cut evenly; and then one turning, about 1 half and half with wheat flour, to my and you will soon see them digging
down in July, otherwise it would be so p. m., will suffice to make the hay inexpressible joy, I never was so regu- deep holes in order to get at the very
tall that the crop is liable to be injured ready to house by evening.. My rea- lar in all my life. I have a large last nut. Leave them there long
by high winds in the latter son for drying close to the shed or I coffee mill, and just run it throughthat enough and I shall be very much sur-
part of the year. Under this treat- barn is simply that those blessed daily and sift it the same as meal. So, prised if you are troubled by nut grass
ment it will rattoon, for about the showers which we are so subjected to if the merchants and millers refuse to again. N. L.
same length of time as the early. trust for flour I .
here in the summer come so suddenly, me can snap my *
Where planted for pasturage, the cat and sometimes so unexpectedly on us, finger at them and be as independentas For the FLORIDA DISPATCH.
tle are turned in on it as soon as the that we can control the drying pro : Robinson Crusoe. I hope the doc- Florida for Farming. .-
crop is taken in, and allowed to remain cess better, as it is well known if hay 1 tors and merchants will .not take it ill A practical farmer of Bradford
for two or three months. This is of me in thus writing but have writes follows I have
not well cured it will not keep well, jve gotto county us as :
process can be repeated for two or nor will it feed as well. 1 come to a point where every man, ]lived j in this State nearly nine years;,
three years, when the land has to be Now, the result of our experiencein on pine soil, can own a cow, pigs and find from year to year more proof
thoroughly cleaned up and replanted.This making hay in Florida is this: Four chickens, and I really believe the that, by proper management, a personcan
latter variety (unless it couldbe tons of as fine crab grass hay in our problem is solved. At least, althoughI make a good living in this State,
acclimated to produce its seed ear barn as any I ever saw in the North, only own five acres of it,>I am goingto and live well. First of all, he must
lier?) would be of no use, as a grain the next and raise and
and all thoroughly cured without rain. try same season, something to eat, the gardenis
crop here, but as it is a strong grower, JOHN S. ROHRER. I have not a particle of doubt of suc the foundation of success. I may j
and makes more blades than the "Forest Place," Eustis, Fla.,Oct. 13,1887. in time write you an article of how I
former, it might prove valuable for 9 cut up the stalks by the roots and got along in Florida without an abun-
forage, as it could be cut three or four Yellow Millo Maize on Pine Land. ]lay them flat on the ground, and with dance of capital or rich friends to help,
times in a season. It is never plantedon H. W. Becher, of Clermont, con- ]my hoe, ground sharp, chop them up and without wife and children being
new strong land, as it grows all to tributes the following to .the Oakland J into short lengths, thus easily plowing compelled to work out in the field,
fodder, and makes but small ears but Sun I have been here three
i : years, j them under. and at the same time keep up city refinement -
after the land has been cropped four .and during that time I have been per- and without giving up music
or five years with Indian corn, it is :sistently occupied with the idea of find ]For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. and song. We have our fresh milk
then given up to Guinea corn. Once ing something by which any one own- Milo Maize.In every day, and made our own butter
established from seed,it can be propagated ing three or four acres of pine land a recent communication_ on another for years, and that from our much
by suckers from the roots. might be able to keep a cow, H couple !subject a correspondent takes occa- condemned Florida cow.
Great care should be taken, when of pigs and a chicken. During that 1 tion to say: From my observation I really think that, for farming on a'
storing it in the car, to see that it is time I have tried millo maize, pearl 1 this season, the "yellow milo maize"is small scale, this is the best Sta ean:
neither green or damp, as if so, it is millet, buckwheat, clover and various, ] going to prove a wonderfully America.

/ ,

t te

s.a .

BETh 7. 1887.] = THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.= 921 1

? .
There are about twenty acres,,,and :terwards. The roots extend out rap- thirty years or more. After first setting -
fie garden several years ago I had it drained four :idly and fill the ground between the out its cultivation requires very

r feet deep, and can be as much more. rows. Fertilizers should be sown little more work than that of corn. 'Its

For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. L The bottom of the muck is so far off broadcast, and well mixed with the a hearty feeder however, and needs

Bad Season for Planting: Straw- that I have never found it. soil. Strong fertilizers in hills may good; fertilization to produce the best
berries.I The deposit is made up of all kindsof kill tomatoes. An acre of land plantedin results, the largest shoots. The demand -

in : vegetation, including) large logs. tomatoes, 3x4 feet, will have 3,676 during the early season of production
set 1,000 plants land and August, on I I Sometimes they are perfectly decayed, plants. prevailing! here in Florida has

shade pared ,with though and again solid as ever. Every plant should have a stake never yet been fully supplied. ,

and every watered plant them when a rain palmettofan fail- The growth, before being cleared, four feet high, and to this the plant It grows very fast and yields enormously -
; was considerable of about everything, should be tied with strong twine; a and continues a regular supply -
ed about 100
only are now living. large trees, small trees and briars. by notch, hacked at the top with a hatchetto for a space of six to eight weeks.
Plants in Mr Gu-
set September, by the millions. keep it from slipping down. Cut Frost, even in the productive season,
who has been the most successful
yer I keep about 100 head of cattle, off the side shoots of the plants to pre- is of but little detriment. It will .
in this
strawberry grower country, which are fed for beef, and by raisinglots vent overgrowth. Cut back some of begin to yield the third year from the
turned almost when he
out as badly, of stuff to feed them, the expenseis the top for the same reason. Some of seed and thereafter a full annual crop,
used his and when he set
own plants, nothing like so great. the Crystal Springs truck farmers for almost a lifet-ime. Mr. Strange
Nimans which he received from
1,000 In manufacturing the fertilizer, I made over 300 bushels of tomatoes to has seen it grow in Florida and it did
he did for all
Orange county, worse; '
# avoid all and the last
acre ,
unnecessary expense, year.
died but five and these look well.Mr.
plants, last, but not least, I sell at about one- A kind of boll worm that stings or Brakeman knows of healthy,

sickly.I the quarter the profit usually made .on pierces the tomato at Crystal Springsis plants at home (Ohio), fifty years old;
\ set some more plants during such things. the worst enemy of this crop; crack- is familiar with its culture, and thinks
4 had in October
splendid season we This is my home. I began makingthe ing of the fruit is another drawback. an acre of ground could be made to
which bid fair to much better
do fertilizer for'myself and after seeing *-*-< produce annually 1,000. "
will die than such
fine though weather many would more indicate. the good effect, decided. to put it Firming the Soil.. 4 ..<' .

on the market. Recently we noticed a person planting What. an Acre of Pine Land Can
Much of the difficulty in getting '
I did not go in to make a big blow, seed for his fall garden and in Produce. /
to this I think is
plants ,
grow season swindle out of their and them he raked the
people money covering simply
owing to poor plants._ The summer Our correspondent, H on. C..F. A.
.retire, but expect to be here a good dirt over the drill and left it. We ",
was so dry that the plants did not DeLand writes the
Bielby, of Agri-
many years, raising fruits, vegetablesand asked him why he did not firm the
Is it that
root well. not true most
making Our Favorite Fertilizer, soil over the seed. His reply was : culturist of that place as follows:
allow too to
growers and thus sacrifice many quality for There is one thing I wish to men "Why, if I tramp on the rows the I want to give you an illustration of
grow ? It tion and that is if the analysis can seed are so small they would never what can be done with one acre. of
the sake of numbers is quite a
fall under the guarantee, the reason come up through the packed earth." pine land.
task set number of
to a large plants,
and it certainly nays to use the best will be that the bone and potash is not Right there was his mistake, and the In just one year I have placed on

plants and thus obviate doing work .what it is bought for. same is made by others every seed the acre six one horse loads barn
over. T. It is my endeavor to get the best planting time. They wonder why the yard manure, 1,200 pounds cotton seed

Ft.Meade, Polk county; Oct.21th., '" every time, and if I get cheated, I seed do not come up, and are inclinedto meal, two barrels ashes (hardwood),
e4 don't think it is my fault, for I pay ; blame the seedman, but the fault two barrels hen manure, six barrels

For the, FLORIDA DISPATCH. for the standard articles and figure lies in their not properly firming the Mapes fertilizer. The cotton seed meal

Setting Strawberry Plants.A from the lowest guaranteed analysis.So ;soil over the seed when planted. When cost $15, the :Mapes fertilizer eost $27;

good deal depends on the man- there is a chance for its being .seed of any kind are put in the total $42. The most of the fertilizerwas

ner of setting either a tree or a plant. better than I claim. ground they always come up quickerif home made.

There is,indeed a great difference of This question of fertilizing wants a the soil,is rolled or pressed, except, There is on the acre 100 orange

opinion among practical growers as great deal of hard study, and I would of course, where followed directly by trees two years old. These have grown

to methods. I have read that the that I could ,impress upon the mindsof soaking rains or irrigation. Those beautifully and are as handsome look- .

proper way to set a strawberry plantwas every one interested in agriculturethe who'have npt a roller can use their ing trees to day as can be found in the
to have the roots of the plants in importance of doing their own feet for firming the soil by walking State of Florida. All the vegetablesof

water, make a hole with a round .dibble thinking.The along the row placing one foot before every description for a large family,
hold the plant with one hand by only way to tell what a soil the other. This may look like a waste including over 100 quarts of straw-

the top and with the other press the wants is to study it by careful observation of time, but the man who would not berries, continuously from October of

roots together and place in the hole and experiments.GEO. tramp on the drill is still looking for last year, to this time, not to mentionthe

with roots straight downward and HUTCHINSON. his seed to come up while his neigh- large quantity given away and left
press the earth firmly around the Crescent City, Fla.MH, Oct. 20, 1887. bor's seed planted at the same time is to rot on the ground. Owing to my

plants. Tomatoes.A growing finely. When the soil is absence Tallahassee in April and

I suppose,that under the most,favor following loosely put back over the seed, it soon May fully 200 cabbages rotted. Dur-
Florida contains the
i able conditions of weather, soil, etc., I i paper dries out, and hence no moisture is ing the year there was sold from the

plants thus set would "make a live of from a practical gardener: there to start the germ growing,and acre about $60 worth of vegetables to

it;" but does this method suggest itself In cultivating tomatoes the groundis even if started it is "cooked" beforeit the grocers in town, and there is now

to any practical gardener as a prepared and manured much the comes to the surface, and is then in fine condition a patch of cassava

' natural one? same as for strawberries. The same lost; There are very few seeds that (which we value very highly) sufficient

Is it not true that nature knows best fertilizers will do for most truck crops will not find their way through our to last my family all winter. In

how the roots of a tree and plant -potash, acid phosphate and ammo- soil, if rolled, and the advantage of June I cut crab grass to mulch the

should grow? The fibrous roots of nia are most important. If the whole having the soil pressed firmly about 100 trees. And to cap the climax, I

the strawberry plant, when set, sus- field could, be subsoiled it would yield the seed, can best bejealized by plant- have just now taken from the acre

tains its life till nature sends out a much finer crops of tomatoes. ing two rows of seed and tramping fully one and one-half tons of as fine

new supply of more vigorous fibers, Tomato seed should be planted- the soil over one ,while it is left loose bright hay as I ever raw harvested in

when the permanency of the plant i is hot-beds in January, in pretty rich, over the other.Florida Agriculturist. the State of New York. .

assured.I mellow soil; transplant when three or '_ And all this without special care or

have seen the fallacy of the four inches high into cold frames; **.in-* Florida.At attention, for I am not a market gar-

method in question demonstrated by a plant six inches apart each way. These Asparagus dener as you well know, and have no

practical test, and hereafter will set bya should be covered, with pretty thick a recent session of the Pencil time to devote specially to this branch.

more natural plan. cotton clothsix or seven cents yard. (Putnam county) Horticultural Society 4

SUBSCRIBER. Some nail on frames, others have one in the Palatka News
as reported A Demand gardener claims he can
broad sheet to cover, with slats laid ,
the following discussion on asparagustook raise asparagus every month:ink: the
For the FLORIDA DISPATCH."Our across; this to be thrown off in pleas r' ""J ; : T
Favorite" Fertilizer. ant; weather, and pine straw or leaveson place : year. -

Replying to F. A. B.,as to how Our cloth in frost. Mr. Leyvraz thought it would pay Your system is full of Malaria, and
Favorite Fertilizer, containing the ingredient The plants should be set out three welt in this country, that is, to culti- :you are miserable. You take quinine
given in an analysis, can be feet apart in rows after all danger from vate it here for the New York market. because it is the fashion, or because your
sold for $17 per ton, can only repeat frost has passed; roots spread out naturally He has known it to sell there early in doctor tells you to do it. You feel little

what was said in the DISPATCH of a as they grow, and mellow earth the spring Nfrom $1.50 to $1.75 a better, but not well because the Malaria.
is still there. One or two doses of Shal-
recent date, that I have an inexhaustible pressed on them. bunch. It is\ easy to cultivate, and lenberger's Antidote would lift you into

supply of as good muck as I eversaw Bar off and work tomatoes deep 'once put into t ground antI properly perfect. health at once. Sold by Drugo -
and( as convenientvas I want it. when young-shallow::: cultivation: 'af -:cared for, will make full yields for''g1S # -'. :';-

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, 22 "" -THE FLORIDA DISPATCH. 7 1887
i, .... ". ';-;. [NOVEMBER ,

I* 'V- ; any'weed can be p.nbdued, if the taps many J choice plants that one sees A Handsome Sunflower.

Om&mental Horticulture! are persistently hoed off once in two everywhere; all that is necessary is, a Under this heading the Ladies

or three weeks. start in the right direction, in accord- Home Companion thus describes what

BY W. C. STEELE. ( ance with good taste. may prove a valuable addition to our
.... For the FLORIDA DISPATCH A good thick sod'of St Augustinegrass
Clerodendron Siphonanthus.In How to :Make our Urban Yards and can be established in from eight flower gardens.

the DISPATCH of February 14th, Grounds Attractive. months to a year. Many of our seedsmen offer a great

1887 we published a letter from Mr. ,I Even at the risk of being advised; to The,Sub Tropical will soon be in variety of annual sunflowers (Helianthus -

M. Chesebro, of Mandarin. The following I begin casting out beams, and motes and full vigor with crowds of people from ) under different names. These
all the United States. Much
is the last paragraph : "sich" from our own eyes, we are go- could over be done in the way of beautifying all differ in habit or in the characterof

"In getting new flowering plants ing to trifle a little with the optics of grounds, even in the limited time the flowers, but the points of discrimination -

p and shrubs, one sometimes finds that the good people of Jacksonville.To that will elapse before it opens. It between most of the varieties -

what one plants for an ornament, in a stranger walking about the seems to us that Jacksonville should. would not be observed by the
time becomes a nuisance that is not not be behind in this matter-even ina florist.
streets of Jacksonville, one thing is ordinary amateur They are
easily abated. I have a plant here, pecuniary point of view. California
called the 'Spider Flower, which was very noticeable, viz: the almost entire isn't. simply double or single sunflowers,

here before I was,and will be here long absence of well kept lawns; this,..of P. W. BEASONER. and that is all. But there are some t

after I am dead and forgotten. Its. course, is also applicable to almost Manatee, Fla. Oct. 31. 1887. species, not in general cultivation,

roots are supposed to go down to water, every town in Florida-: Bartow, Tam- 4 which are distinct in habit and appearance '

and go and keep going in a horizontal pa, ,Key West, Orlando, Palatka, and Flowers in Pasco County. and are really valuable ,V
direction. At any rate I have done a many other places. In many yards The following comments on Mr.
deal of and there are more beer bottles turned acquisitions to the flower garden. One
great patient digging, on Arnolds article were intended to appear -
off and I bottom side than there are of these is the helianthus cucumari-
never saw the end of a root up spearsof with it last week but were
yet. It sometimes grows ten or twelve grass. While there is such a great folius. The plants of this species come

feet high and has very pretty colored and noticeable lack of well kept plotsof crowded out. from seeds in about twelve days, are
\\i berries on the top, all winter." grass, there seems to be much ap Not having seen the "Royal" Pom- bloom-
easily transplanted, and begin
preciation) beautiful plants, though ciana in bloom from
Not recognizing the plant from the we cannot, personal -
ing in from six to eight weeks con-
they are placed about here, there and ,
for that
description,we wrote more particulars. experience, assert positively
everywhere, in a most unaccountablemanner. tinuing in bloom throughout the sea
Mr. Chesebro sent us a root, the praises are not extravagant. Yet,
We notice palatial resi- son. The flowers1 are small, only from p
which we set out, but when it grew, the dences and boarding-houses, whose judging from the beauty of Poinciana
two to three inches in diameter, are
plaut was still unknown. This season yards more resemble last year's black pulcherrima which we saw in bloomin

we have seen it in several places, but berry patches than anything else. several places near. Orlando this borne on long, slender stems, and are

Scaly, black-stemmed, smutty, neglected of a bright golden yellow with black
no one knew any name for it. summer we do not think it is over-,
orange trees, covered with center. They are excellent for cut-
A few days since we had the pleasure praised.La .
dead twigs and limbs, and here and rather
ting. They are produced
of short visit from Mr. P. W. France be sparingly
a there a rusty orange; crinums, ar- can hardly recom-
early in the season but as the
Reasoner. While showing him over' borvitse :trees, roses, sand-spurs, mended too highly, though it is not a ,

the place, we pointed out the plant to.. sweet violets,cupheas and beer bottles, profuse bloomer. It blossoms almost plant gets older it blooms more pro-
all seem to have the same cultivationutter fusely, until late in the season it becomes
him and he at once recognized it and continuously\ though usually only a
neglect-and are j jumbled up a mass of golden flowers and
said that it was Clerodendron siphon- in in confu few at a time. The bush is a weak
corner heterogenous
handsome The
deep foliage.
anthus. grower on its own roots until it has
sion.Jacksonville from three five feet
plants to
That those of our readers who have has magnificent trees. been established in the ground for grow

the plant may be able to recognise it, and with the display of more good several years. high, and are admirable for hedges, or
taste, could be made a most beautifuland screens, or for grouping in a bed with 1
we wtll try to describe it. The stem The catalogues describe. La Prin-
attractive city, for it has every cosmea and late-blooming plants. l
grows from four to ten'or more feet in advantage-except beautiful and well cease Vera,to be"A very vigorous rose, {
This is undoubtedly the most desir
height, is six angled, the leaves long kept lawns and grassplots.We flowers very large and full, perfectly
able of the annual sunflowers and de-
and narrow, from four to six inches are told that stock is not allowed double; color creamy white, outer

long by one to one and a half wide, to run the streets; in view of petals copper-yellow, it produces large serves general cultivation.. .- ,
this fact of things wouldbe
and ; in whorls of threes appearances buds is fine for -- ..
are placed on greatly bettered by the complete pointed especially A Pretty House Plant

the stem. The flowers grow in clus- removal of the many unsightly, bat- summer and autumn bloom." Under this title the Orchard and .-

ters of from three to six or more in tered, unpainted fences, that one sees We trust that Mr. Arnold's recom Garden describes a plant which deserves .

the axils of the upper leaves, from everywhere ; then, with lawns, no mat- mendation of the hibiscus family will all the it.
praise they can give
three to six feet of the part of ter how small, where room is scarce, result in their becoming more 'com .
upper carefully graded and well set with St. It deserves to be tested in Florida,

the stem is crowned with these blos Augustine grass (of which there are monly grown. and would probably thrive in the open

soms. The calyx is very thick and occasional good examples in the city), His allamandas bear very large ground, if partially shaded from the

looks gummy though it is not sticky: with trees and shrubs pruned, with flowers, or the trumpets in Pasco direct rays of the sun:

The tube of the corolla is from four to four.fifths of the plants and small county are very small. The usual The Libonia is little
shrubs a very pretty
removed tended
five inches long and somewhat curved ta a carefully size of their blossoms is about four
for either the
flower-garden at one side, leaving only plant) greenhouse or the
like a siphon. The lobes of the corolla effective of inches in diameter.Chrysanthemums. In moderate
specimens or clumps can- sitting-room. a temperature -

are turned back",,and the stamens nas, bananas. alpiniss, palmes, agavesor are growing in it will keep on blooming from

and pistil are exerted and turned other tropical looking plants, here popularity very rapidly at the North, midwinter till spring. There are two

downwards, the color is creamy white. and there on the lawns, back from and should be more generally grownin kinds in cultivation L.floribunda and
the street, with lawns kept carefully L. Penrhosieneis, the latter and more
The flowers followed Florida.If .
are by berry-like
clipped (a lawn-mower is an anomaly recent introduction being {the betterof
seeds As they have not ripened yet and in the city)-it seems to us that Jack- Mr. Arnold has discovered a the two. The flowers are brighter

we can find no printed description of sonville would be a more attractive method of treatment that will cause color,the foliage better and more per-

the plant, we cannot give the color of place to the tourist land-buyer, and the Cape Jessamine bloom continu- sistent, and the bloom more abundant.The .

the berries better than: all, a more beautiful and ously, we hope that he will tell the plant should be watered freely,
satisfactory place for her citizens to especially when in bloom it will
If the plant is so troublesome a readers of the DISPATCH how it i*
enjoy.It drop its leaves. It is somewhat sub-
weed as Mr. Cheseboro declares, it is said that an appeal to its importance done. No one who has anything of ject to the scale insect (which, how-

would perhaps be well to confine its in a money point of view, is general interest to say, and knows howto ever, is easily removed), and occasionally -

cultivation to tubs or boxes. It is so always most effective in inducing people tell it in a readable way, need fear a mealy bug may be found on it.

handsome both in flower and fruit that to beautify their hpmes,. but we that they will be stopped before they We grow plants of it as standards,
cannot believe this of the progressiveand with a stem twelve to fifteen inches
we should not like to give it up. en get through, though it might be necessary -
enlightened citizens of Jacksonville high, and in this form it makes a beau
tirely. t ; the appreciation of the beautiful sometimes to divide an article tiful little round-headed tree. It is

No plant can live without taps, and is evidently there, else why theE and give it in instalments. .... ., easily grown in any' good garden soiL

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,] : ; DISPATCH. fy : 923
1 .
: are that it will exceed rather than nights,are almost always coOl: Did For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. ","j

lOIIle Interests. all short of the estimate. you expect to raise currants and ap Further Directions for Making Rugs I'i.: "

This all goes to, show the danger of ples here? As well expect to raise Editor Home Interests:
BY MBS.: E. A. HILL.Criticism. j umping at conclusions' from one or oranges and pineapples there.I ,.
... Your columns have been so well :
two isolated cases. There were many admit a feeling of disappointmentthat
filled of late by letters on Florida as
orange trees killed by the frost in vegetables are scarce. The longer
home that has remained
We are in receipt of quite a num- North Florida hundreds of I remain the my promise
I '
yet groves more fully am convinced unfulfilled but here it is at this ,late
; ,
ber of letters, in the main complimentary went through the, same freeze imm that the fault lies with the day.

regarding the articles that jured. W. C. STEELE. people in planting to ship, and using Those doing worsted work will have
Switzerland, Fla.,Oct.17,1887. .
have appeared in our Home Depart C only what is left, without raising a many "odds and ends" left which can ,a;
For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. general garden. It is surprising in be utilized in different beauti-
ment, sufficient at least to sbow that ways; a
More About Butter Making. this home of fruit and flowers how ful is made thus. Take
rug common :
the subjects treated_ have created quitean Editor Home Interest: little attention is paid to the cultivation knitting needles rather coarse and

interest, at least in Florida. Mrs. In answer to "Muriel," in your issue of anything except the orange. cast on twenty stitches,knitting garter- :;!

Reese's continued article has awak of the 17th inst., I would advise her Rut we are much gratified to see stitch, put a thread between the tenth '

ened some criticism from the northern to try butter making. An earthen- thrifty grape vines, peach, mulberry, and eleventh stitches as the place for

part of the State, aa was anticipated.We ware jar large enough to hold the pomegranate, fig and pear trees, and a cutting when finished, knit in your
cream, with some room to spare, witha half acre of strawberries on our little colors harmonize
as they
or as fancy
insert in this issue one article in
home-made dasher would make it
lot.The dictates, about eight fingers in length,
reply to her statements in regard to very well. Set the milk in deep pans, first five blossomed little this or as you desire the size of the rug.

:orange growing in Northern Florida. surrounded by water; skim every day; year and will bear in another year. When a sufficient number of strips

Perhaps our readers remember our churn on the third day, but, do not use We have a dozen bona fide figs on a have been knit, dampen and iron

in the the cream of that day, it will be too little two-foot tree. All our trees were until perfectly dry to keep the crinkle.
promise beginning, that every fresh. Stir the cream frequently whileit planted last December. Roses plantedin Cut and ravel, sewing the ends firmly.

woman in the State should have "her is ripening. Have your cream at a February have bloomed. all sum Striped ticking is used for the founda-

say;" and it does by no means follow temperature of about 62 degrees, and mer. tion, sewing the strips between the

that her statement must represent our inside of twenty-five minutes you I was at a loss to understand why. stripes. Carpeting can be raveled out

own opinion. We do not with should have butter Draw the butter-' there should be such diversity of and knit/in the same way with less
who agree milk off when the butter is the size of opinion. I can see now that stitches and without cutting; and make
one certain
thought remarks
peas; wash with strong brine until the some are natural enthusiasts, so con pretty rugs.Brussels. _
should have been withheld. The water runs off clear; and half ounceor stituted as to see only the bright side. carpeting the kind which

"honor bright,"facts, are surely being three-quarters of an ounce of salt Then there unscrupulous agents, ravels, can be cut in finger lengths

eliminated one by one.. We acknowl- to the pound of butter, and it is ready who would sell soul and body for a across the breadth, taking a half dozen

edge the receipt of another letter fromMrs. for use. little more ,of "the root of all evil." threads, using strong knitting cotton,
Feeding on cotton seed will be apt [Not confined to Florida.-ED.] They stitches
casting on as as
many you
M. W., of Illinois, and others, to make whitish butter. If so, add a lead the unwary to sell out and in want the strips in width, or about a

which, will appear from time to time. drop of butter color, which may be vest their little all in a piece of land finger, knitting in these threads as you
?-+-4 bought. Will be pleased to answer and buy tickets for Florida for
,For the P&OBIDA DISPATCH ; theyare would fringed mittens, i. e., put your
Orange, Groves in Northern Flor- any further questions.SHRADER. assured with ."three crops a year" needle through the stitch, then lay
BROS. they can readily make their
ida. living, these threads across and around then
Waverly Stock Farm,Tallahassee, Fla. not taking into consideration that
Mrs. H. C. Ruse in her account of: .0 o needle with the yarn, bringing it forward -
land there
much labor which fastens it securely. Sew
moving from Illinois to Florida
says and
that, "the pet' scheme (orange Tries'Not to be Onesided. tillable.expense making the ground the strips together on the wrong side;
Then there is fertilizer
to either across the ends or a border
growing)in Northern Florida is dead.1add
: Editor Home Interests'
buy, and everything to learn in the around the whole,of black finishes thee
I the words in the ,
parenthesis to Unless Mrs. M. W. is very well new soil and climate. Neighbors
and out the colors better.
saTe space, as without them it would praised, I fear she will be quite overwhelmed experimenting, with little reliable information rug SISTER HELEN.
be necessary to make a much longer with the contributions in her to volunteer. All this time # .,
.quotation to make the meaning clear. behalf; but feeling a sisterly interest, they must live, and without an in 4 -
I do not know where she draws the as a native of Illinois, I cannot refrain come. Accustomed to a salary (and
line. If it is just at Jacksonville, I from adding mite. all Recipes.
my using as they went), they become,
cannot, from personal observation, saY"that We came South a year ago last disgusted with Florida), are home f CHICKEN.-One way to utilize cold

is not correct, though I have no spring. Relatives and friends seemedto sick ; nothing tastes good to them ; i in fowl, or other meats savedfrom a previous -

doubt that there are still some good consider it a religious duty to inform fact, they go to the other extreme} I meal; is to take_ a cabbage and
orange growers on the north side of us as to insects, reptiles, heat, and thus abuse Florida. cut out the centre, then fill in the vacancy -

Jacksonville. I do know that if she and numberless other disadvantages. Now, Mrs. Editor, I confess I like with the chicken or other cold

will go on board the steamer Manatee So, despite all the pretty things said Florida, but have tried not to be "one meat after it has been thoroughly sea-

which leaves Jacksonville every afternoon in the papers, we were prepared to sided." If I have made my letter too soned, then roll into- balls With the

except Sunday, at half past find _a mortal dwelling place. Tell long, please give me timely warning, white of an egg. Tie the cabbage

two p. m., and come up the river eightor me, ye sisters, North or South, Eastor that I need not trespass again, re firmly together and boil two or. more
nine miles to Beauclero on the east r West, have you found the place in membering that when a woman i is hours. -

side of the river, she will find flourishing this broad universe that is perfect f once wound up how hard it is for her PINE-APPLE.-Cut your pineappleripe

orange groves bearing- a good crop Florida has snakes and flies. I have to stop. MRS. L. S.EASTMAN. ( ) into thin slices ; place a,,layerin
of fruit. seen more of each in Illinois, and as Sparr, Marion county. a dish, sprinkle well with sugar,
The next day, she should,again take many fleas in sandy sections. ,Except .. then lay on grated cocoanut, then
steamer and come, about four miles near the prairies (as the ham- For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. another lice of the pine-apple, and

farther, to Mandarin. Here she will mock lakes are called), mosquitoesare Silk Culture.- more sugar and cocoanut, having the
find many thousands of orange trees an almost unknown luxury. The Editor Home Interest latter come on top. This is to be
in good condition and loaded with gnats are a greater pest, often insisting A lady here who fed silk worms and served with fresh sponge or other light

oranges. on a closer inspection of your made some money at it used our com cake.

i Again, the next day, if she will eyes..| mon black mulberry leaves and LEMON JUICE -For lemon juice
come on to Switzerland, only twenty It is quite a mistaken idea that it is seemed thick that will keep, squeeze out the juice
two miles south of Jacksonville,we will hotter than there [Illinois]. Lying as to they were as good as free from any pulp or pith. Put into

show her not only orange groves it does between the two great bodies of any.The fruit of the tree in perfectly dry, clean bottles, fill up to
bearing thousands of boxes of fruit, water, they,so temper the heat that were in March is question the shoulder and fill the glass or j jar
but also lemon trees with their branches seldom without a good breeze, gets ripe Children quite large and with good ''sweet oil,cork up very tight
sweet. chickens
and ducksare
almost breaking under their load of and and set in cool
despite conflicting reports,judge quite fond of the fruit well up a place. Small
as fine, smooth, Sicily lemons, as can for yourself if the air would) not be The, as berries as bottles are beat, as the juice will not
,be found, in the State. cooler coming from a great body of some grown people. keep good after the oil is removed.
when end
picked one only is black is
The, steamer Manatee runs from, water, even though forty or fifty miles The rind well dried is excellent to
Green Cove Spring to Jacksonville, than to hundreds a very good ingredient for to boil in dried
away, come 'overland. grate! or fruit as a fla
pies. They are easily raised from cuttings -I
about thirty miles. A careful estimatehas set in November December. voring. '_ .
been made of the orange crop I can imagine no place, save a seaport Everybody should have or tree for I One pint of sugar is one pound;' two '

-along- "this route.and the figures placed town, where H. K. P. 'couM] :finda shade,fruit, chickens,etc.one M. C. I'tablespoonfuls of any liquid i isle
at 50,000 boxes and, the probabilities better breeze than here;. and the Mandarin; ,Fla. i ounce.

-,1, ,,'', ,-
r' "


"" ,.



EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT; However, it means of holding fruit during transit, and that they receive an honest

to New York of over supply. What the re- return. The continuance and growing

A..H. MANVILLE, Editor Liverpool. of the experiment will be remains I strength and influence of the Exchangeis

:: -. : .' be seen. It is quite possible that : one of the most encouraging featuresof

(Contents. What fruit may be successfully kept in the marketing question, and it will

THE The GJ1.OvJC-The Fruits of Japan.Unshlu..;.Japan.........Oranges... 917 918 without cooling agent as is undoubtedly be one of the most'important
The Salauma.................... 919POtJLTJty Last
with the Mediterranean fruit. factors in its ultimate satisfac-
AND APIARY-The BeeKeepers -
Want;Sore Professor Head WebsterFromtheApiaries In Fowls ....... 919 ida orange crop following ours in tory solution.is '
short this
crop really season;
Tms FARM-Kaffir Corn;' Making Hay satisfaction complicates the storage prob-
In Florida; Yellow Milo Maize on Pine there will be no unusually heavy importation i -
Land;Milo Maize; Profits Farming at as stored fruit will not sell in to meet, and the
In Leon county; To Eradicate Nut growers prospectson
Grass;.Florida for Farming_. 920 season's with fresh fruit. .- the whole are very encouraging for

THE Strawberries GARDEN-Bad; Betting Season for Strawberry Planting heavy All dealers and growers who have satisfactory prices throughout the sea-
Plants Our Favorite Fertilizer;Toma- son.
toes; Firming/ the Soil; Asparagus duced by the- the matter seem to agree .0.

can Florida Produce; What. .an. ..Acre.._ .of.Pine._.Land 921 crop would ; the auction is the ,only way in Yaupon" Tea. _

ORNAMENTAL HORTICULTURE--Clero- cold winter the fruit can be successfully Professor Stelle in last Mobile
dendron Slphonanthusj How to Make
our Urban Yards and Grounds Attractive ket for weeks By this method, each lot of Register calls attention to the fact
; Flowers in Pasco county; A
Handsome Sunflower;A Pretty HousePlant adequacy of is offered to all buyers in a given that the aborigines of the Gulf-Coast
.._ .922
HOME INTERESTS-Criticism: Orange distribution ,and must necessarily bring thehighest Country lived on the margins of a.

About Groves Butter in Northern Making;Florida Tries not; More to be fruit, which possible price, while.by pri rivers, bayous and lagoons, situations #

Onesided for: Silk Making Culture Rugs; Further;Reclpes.Directions ...-. 923 pared to sale it is offered to but one cus now deemed most miasmatic; yet they

EDITORXAX/-What Shall we do With our whose offered price must be ac- were a healthy, vigorous race. He
Oranges: Youpon Tea;TeosInte Seed; During
OB Our Table;Answers to Correspondents or the sale is lost. suggests that this may have been dueto
.... .? .? .. 921 subject of
PUBLISHER'S DEPARTMENT.: ... 925 has been While co-operation on a large scale their habit of imbibing freely what
MAnKEnicGTransportatlon and Dl tri- these Indians called the "black drink "
"button; Freights from Florida;Florida by all impracticable, "bulking" in com-
Orange Auction; Green Oranges. .... 926 which was made from hex cassine, a
of and grove centres be advantageously
FLORIDAWA" -Our Climate; State Items... 927 points can small species of holly, which is abun-
ALLIANCE AND UNION The Alliance resulted in practiced,in order to ben- dant in the Southern States, and com-
in Flortda.t.Co-operaUoDThe; ; Alliance
In Texas; The Trade System;The AllI- the present \ by better classification and ship- monly called "Yaupon." In wartimes
ance Government ...:...... 928
we feared by ,car-load. it was used to some extent as a
TQB NURSERY.-Postage on Seeds and
Plant... 929 substitute for Chinese tea. The medi-
The of this will be
QUOTATIONS.. .. .,.........N...... 930 the million ; greater part crop cal properties do not seem to be
METEOROLOGICAL ......' ......'.............:. 930 id; Orange on commission, as formerly, but known, but it may possibly prove an

FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. S4 931 Co. is not be concentrated to a greater extent anti-malarial remedy of great value.In .

lem ; and the heretofore in the hands of respon- large doses it acts as a mild emetic.
The South Florida
at confesses commission merchants who make The Indians in preparing for war
the Piedmont Fair (Atlanta) was a gorged themselves with it until it produced
it to a specialty.The
grand success. It was gotten'up by this effect. It would be interest-

the South Florida railroad and in a until next Fruit Exchange is entering ing to know why they. used it so
:tion and its third season with very flat- freely.
limited space epitomized the resources .
and attractions of the Land of Flowers. growers tering prospects, and will probably Teosinte*-+< Seed. .

It attracted volve ( b1e its business, as it did last
more attention than We have received the following Inquiry -
thing), the \ It is useless to disguise the fact
any other feature of the Fair, thou .it'a from Dr. George Vasey, United
lands'of copies of various publications sonal ; during the first two years States botanist: "If the Teosinte sent
probably its existence the results
containing Florida literature on distribution accomplishedby you last spring produces seed, will
taken again. this institution
were eagerly sought. As grievously disap you kindly cut off a number of the

Commissioner Elliott telegraphed president I pointed the fruit growers of this State. tops in length, showing the tassel and

Ingraham, it "got there Eli." gained Organized by representative orange Feeds, and mail them to the Department
have growers,it was designed to be operatedin "
Colonel Elliott is an exposition expert ? Can any one who receivedthe

and to say that he will be} the prices the interests of all engaged in this seed from us supply the above?

pervading spirit of the coming South i gone, pursuit,rather than as a money making .*

Florida Fair, at Sanford (February the prices scheme for its stockholders; that it has On OurTable.TRANSACTIONS .

28), implies that it will be eminently I Iluccesaful. (it never ) carried out this purpose in good faith AMERICAN NUR

yield a has never been questioned. But the SERYMEN'S ASSOCIATION, a neatly

with profits revolution in the orange market, and bound volume, containing a full ac

A Longwood correspondent writes : growing. the return to the conditions of five count of the last annual meeting of

The Gee Hammock Grove on Lake oranges years ago, which it was confidently the above named association, held in

Jesup, will begin. this week the shipment crease their expected would result from the operations Chicago, June, 1887. A valuable
of 200 boxes week
to parties in London oranges, Liverpool per and, distributing of the Exchange, have not been hand-book for nurserymen.. ,

Glasgow, through a New York house, that the brought about; and the first impulsewas It turns out that the New YorkSun'
to continue till first of January at this large to blame the Exchange. Careful
statement that the "Italian Minister -
least. The Mediterranean supplies of unexpected consideration of the situation clearly
fruit being shortest during Novemberand of Commerce has decided that
which had shows that no effort of the kind could
December, and the danger of A Florida soil is not suitable to the
glut in markets this time of balance. have accomplished such results, and
our just at growth of oranges" is only a California -
and that the : has done all that
it may eventuate in an important- more Exchange
canard, the correct reading of.the
lief to us at an opportune time., --of supply was in its power to do. Its patronsare 'Italian Ministers report being:

It is worthy of note in this connec- any special satisfied with the returns it has
"Florida is ahead of California and
tion that oranges are now being sent remedy obtained as compared with those received Louisiana in the number of trees

from Australia to England by cold trade at the from other sources, and upon planted out, some three millionshalfa

storage in line steamers. If Austra this remedy analysis they show that it has obtained million of these trees are in full

lians can make it pay to ship orangesto parent. the highest market price for all grades bearing; but of the remaining two and

England, we surely ought to be Cold of fruit. It patrons have also the one-half millions, probably one million, :
only prove profitable, all of the
able to do.BO.. Lower rates to New to some ext satisfaction of knowing that they are groves not having been planted 4on

York are essential. to this. enterprise., a general j protected from loss and overcharge, in land suited to orange culture., ;"-),">.'"
; '
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,.,. '"", -!. ....,...: ; !.?. -......>' 4fit.. :r'T" \.; .
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;' : -'- : :' ; '-''; ."':" !:'r;' ;",' '. :":: ]

... .


NOVEMBER 7,1887.1 -- THE? :FLORIDA DIS'PATCH.----- : 925

1 ,.

Answers to Correspondents. of for protecting young trees from favor me with address of castor bean i PUBLISHER'S DEPARTMENT.:'"

:H. and M., Longwood:' As it is a cold. The bank of: earth will protect dealer or castor oil manufacturers. I

matter of general interest to all ship- have a crop of beans to sell, CHAS. W. DACOSTA, Publisher
a* far up as it extends, but the bushes'
pers of fruit or vegetables to havejustthe : Hall Ruckel, 218 Greenwich street, THE FLORIDA DISPATCHIs

right size and style of crate or box must be very thick to amount to any- New York information a 24-page weekly,devoted to AGRICULTURE, .
City, can give you any -
to handle the fruit or vegetables properly and HOME INTEKESTS!: in FLORIDA.
this desired.
thing.w. on subject
during transportation, and thento P. W., Drayton Island: Has *-.-. Term. of Subscription.

present it in an attractive packagefor the; Villa Francha lemon tree any See Mr. Bours' special list of Fall Two Dollars per in advance postpaIdto
sale would like have part of the United States Canada
we to your any or
thorns. Those I have purchased have seeds on this page.Carriage to foreign countries comprised in Postal __
views and the opinion of producers, thorns last week a ... Union,Two Dollars and Fifty cents. '
yet nurserymantold The date when the is
shippers and commission men as to the subscription expires
me they were thornless. Does a or Wagon Shop.A on the Address Label of each paper, the
following questions, our object beingto change of which to a subsequent date' be-
Maltese blood be wood
orange tree have to workman, master of newer comes a receipt for remittance. No other re-
establish a standard crate or box old before the oranges are colored. I old work, with New York city experience ceipt is sent unless requested.The .
for each class of fruit paper is stopped at expiration of the
particular or capable of taking charge steady
bought trees of of the leading t unless
my one sober subscription, previously renewed. ,
and wishes situation lorida.
that be a in
vegetable may necessary. in the State the trees When a change of address is desired;both .
1. What is the size crate for nurserymen Address, LAMBSDEN, the old and new addresses should bo given;_ .
proper have fruited several'years, and I have 320 S. Flores St., San Antonio, .
beans? Should the .
. shipping string Texas. Remittances i' : '
J only found one orange faintly tinged
heads of have .
square corners or with red. at the risk of the sender unless madeby
cut corners? How for apart should Seed. registered letter or by check, express.order.
All the so-called thornless varieties Thirty full sized packages of fresh and or postal order,payable to '
slats be placed for ventilation? If ctiAS. w. DACOSTA, '
equare cornered heads are used, wouldit of oranges and lemons, sometimes reliable vegetable seeds ((jour choice of Publisher Florida DispatchJacksonville
varieties) Free. by mail, for $1.00. .
be objectionable to make the cover show thorns, particularly in the rank Send for prices-low as is consistent

ing that nails on ends of .heads in one growth of trees. While Villa with grade of seeds offered. .
solid piece, using narrow slats on the 1 F"Special: prices to market garden-I
sides for ventilation? Francha is "comparatively thornless"we ers..JRI, Address, DISPATCH is THE LEADING AORICUI
2. Will the same crate answer for have, seen genuine trees quite ,Eustis Fla., large circulation in Florida and throughoutthe
United States and foreign countries-
shipping string beans, and also for thorny.. We must confess our experience .....m i w wherever the interest is turned Southward.

cucumbers tomatoes etc. ? If :not with GP; Send postal to AUamonte Nurseries, It IS ONE OF THE BEST ADVERTISING MEDIUMS -
the Maltese Blood coincides
IN THE SOUTH-especially for Real Estate -
Altamonte Co. Fla. for cata-
Orange ,
what ? ,Nurseries, Transportation lines,
change are necessary Banks
with that of our correspondent. Thereare logue. See advertisement. Hotels, and those branches wherein it is de-
The standard orange box is now t sirable to reach Qur winter visitors or our
several blood
oranges, however, rapidly increasing permanent population.
well known and we presume needs no Just Received

change. But this does not seem to be and we hope Mr.Phelps will straightenus Florida raised Seed Rye. sertion Advertising; 50 cents Rates per-inch 51.00 for per each inch subsequent first in-

just suitable for handling Tangeirine up as to the facts regarding them. Northern Northern Seed Seed Rye.Barley. insertion. -

and Mandarin oranges. Texas Red Rust Proof Oats. Preferred Positions,Next Reading or on Cover/*
R. H. B. Bartow Can tell
Would it not be advisable to makea : you Grass Seeds.
$1.40 per. inch first insertion; 70 cents per
what is the trouble with the enclosed
crate of same size as standard box Seed Potatoes. inch for each subsequent insertion. '

and fill this crate with either four or twigs from a sweet orange tree show- Onion Sets. '. 10 per"cent. oft" on:S months'" contracts.a "
20 6
six boxes so that freight ing dieback? Is it a cause, or effectof A full stock of new garden _seeds, 30 on on 12 "
separate the d'sease? It be same strictly reliable._ Catalogue free. Advertisements JI UST be acceptable in
would be same as standard box, but may WILLIAM A. Bonus, EVERY respect.Address .
dealer could sell in smaller packagt s trouble as that described by Mr. Jas. Jacksonville, Fla. ..
Franklin. If so, what would probably > .
of one-sixth or one-fourth boxes ? Manager Advertising, Department, '
be the remedy ? The trouble i is not Bermuda Onion Seed. Jacksonville,Fla.
The standard is 8x
vegetable crate
due to want of drainage or subsoil, as Every garden should have a bed of

14x22'inches, with partitions in cen healthy, vigorous trees are often onlya these fine onions. Well dried and placedin Bulbs, Camellia Royal FalmH., Japonica and

ter. We prefer the "corners cut," or few feet from infected ones. Findit a dry loft, they will keep for a year. Attention is called to the new and at-

the octagonal crate, as the air space on large seedlings, grapefruit, and These to January.seed may be J. planted HOWARD? any TUCKER time up tractive odvertisement in this issue of
small budded oranges, some of which Sanford Fla. Mr.T. L. Mead, of Oviedo, Fla., proprietor
between the boxes thus constructed ,
of the Palmetto Nurseries at Lake,
were not fertilized last spring, while *Mi* .
when packed in cars is a great advan- Charm. Mr. Mead's suggestion regard _
others had a moderate application of Choice varieties of all kinds s of Fruit ing an avenue of Royal Palms is a goodone.
tage, securing perfect ventilation. dissolved bone and potash. I am Trees. For free catalogue address, ";* '

Whether square or octagonal the sidesas aware that an excess of nitrogenousmanures CHAS. KELLER, .. ::
will often produce dieback in Texas Hill Nursery, Monticello, Fla. House and Rooms to Rent. *
well as the top and bottom shouldbe '
the but it is not the in Country people wishing to spend .the
orange, cause ;
made of slats and not in one piece. A Beautiful Property for Sale on '
this winter .on the high pine lands, away.
Drayton Island, Putnam Co. from the fever wilydo well address f
For beans or peas they must be set :
The twigs referred to above are A ten-acre orange and lemon grove, MAJOR CHA'S D. MILLER, '

close to retain the contents; for covered with what is called "red fronting 900 feet on Lake George. Price, Federal Hill, ha.Consumption.. :

"cukes," tomatoes, etc., about three- $4,000, cash. Should purchaser wish to ......
rust, the incrustation is diseased sap be relieved from the care of the grove Surely Cured, ,
eighths of an inch space should be for two three and will allow .*"
one or
which has exuded and oxidized on years, To the EdItor- :
left between the slats. The same crateis me to use the property as a market Please inform your readers that I havea

used for all the vegetables named. the surface. It is an effect (not a garden, I will take all care of it at my positive remedy for the above named, .

cause) of "die-back." This disease is expense and in addition will pay 10 percent disease. By its timely use thousands of
For Mandarins and Tangierines the each year on the above valuationas hopeless cases have been permanentlycured.

best box is a half or third sized orange caused in so many ways that it wouldbe rent. W.P. WRIGHT,- I shall be glad to send two bottles

impossible to prescribe a remedy.If Drayton Island, Fla.te4 of my remedy FREE to any of your
box in which case two or three are
readers who have consumption if they
strapped together and shipped as one the aggravating cause can be deter- A Home Florida.. will send me their Express and P. '0.

mined and .removed, however the address. Respectfully, .
Your attention is called to the offer ofa '
box. We have never seen fruit of T. A. SLOCUM, M. C.,
disease will disappear.D. lot in Macedonia City, and year's sub-
this kind shipped in baskets, as suggested scription to a leading paper of this State 181 Pearl Street, New York. .,
J. A., DunneIon, Marion\ county for $4. Macedonia City fifteen miles .
Do south of the terminus of the Florida A Great manufacturing- House
We shall be !glad to hear from ship- lands: our very open, deep sand Southern R. R., at Trabue,and overlooksthe No branch of the industries of this
want ? Will
and dealers on this subject. sub-irrigation not far-famed bay of Charlotte Harbor, country has made such rapid strides in
pers' water in shallow ditches on the surface the most magnificent sheet of water in this progressive age as the art of Piano

"Subscriber," Manville: How will get cut below enough. withouttile the South. An unparallelled offer. For making,und none more deserves men-

it do to pasture sheep in an orange ? copies of paper and for full particulars, tion in this connection than the cele-
addressTHE EQUATOR PUB. Co.,
brated Piano manufacturers Messrs.
? Will they brouse the trees so The of ,
grove subject irrigation is treatedat Key West, Fla. WM. KNABE & Co., ot Baltimore and

as to materially injure the tree? length on pages' 44, '86,141, 226, New York. This firm commenced opera-

Will those who have had experience 258 346 437 and 518 Catarrh Cur<'d. tions in Baltimore fifty years ago, and
current A clergyman after years of suffering by their indomitable energy and striving
in their
with favorus
sheep groves number DISPATCH. Mr. Cole's experiments from that loathsome disease, Catarrh, always for the highest and best in their

with an answer to the foregoing? in Florida have thus far and vainly trying every known remedy, art, united with the greatest probity
at last found a prescription which com- their dealings, have worked up one of
P. J., Spring Park: Can young been unsuccessful,,it being impossibleto pletely cured and saved him from death. the largest business in the world in their

orange trees be protected from frost Any sufferer from this dreadful disease line, audit is a well known fact that no
by covering above the bud with soil] get an adequate supply water 'sending self addressed' stamped envelope other firm in 1 ihi country his: done more

and the with bushes. without excessive cost. to Prof. J. A. Lawrence 212, 'East to advance th; American Piano manufacture
covering top 9th St.. New York, will receive the to it ,JrcJ't, lIt liijih: Mate than the

Your method is,the- best we. ',know, F., ,K., Bartow. .county: ,Please. recipe free of charge. firm. ,ur1\, ')(.,KNABK & Co..r .
n "rbi .-<' : ," .. '
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I :\ .. ,."",.. ,:" ,. 'k:. .? Vat:.;*." .;-1'0,,,_,, '<. ""ft, ,, -Jo.:.,.....f.;,,; .;. : '&, 4., ,, 'A" '::', ",:' -;. ,. ..'..:,..I:,''''...'..-'"'..,",_"" "'- <. .,,:\>/" "'"''''''..,.i'-_''" .""',;-- .:_J'''''!''k--';'':.,,,, :';:", '.,..,:'.O.t<.,,,,,a' :It""'._.f R'\'"..,,,..,( '"<:1'c'W"'''_-_',.;']:"';,>.:i.1l!!...,.oi-,; k..JI.. : ""U-L I it;( .'" .,,"&......'.-,i::._ '..... "

... '

;. 'I'Ieti
.: : \ .
.. 926 '. 1 1887.

,. "
."> '. can imagine them laying their heads they may, charging as they do in some proxy and subject to 1 he serious delays, .
]\\'Iatr \ together and saying, "We have the cases three, to six times as much to and uncertain risks of transportation! "'j
A ,_ __ game in our own hands and might as carry freight from as they do to bring You "propose to hold bacK the fruitas
For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. well sock it to the poor devils in Flor- it to Florida. Justice demands a uni- much as possible and lengthen out
Transportation: and Distribution.You ida, who cannot help themselves.1\ form rate both ways. The only ex- the season;" this generally would only
will place the growers under Such acts of tyranny foster the un- cuse they have ever been able to urge tend to decrease "the profit of the
many obligations the efficient efforts patriotic desire for an amendment of for this really criminal discriminationis grower," as of late years-since the
you are constantly making for the improvement our navigation laws, so as to permit that produce sent from Florida, Florida orange has become a staple
of our marketing methods. foreign competition in our coastwise being more valuable than that broughtin market commodity-it has commandedmore
Your recent article upon cold storage trade. A British tramp steamer,after would bear heavier charges. The attention and higher prices be-.
weakens faith to some extent in that discharging outward freight in a Wet !time to advance that silly excuse has fore January than'in the spring, when
direction for relief. At any rate we Indian, Mexican or other Western i gone by, since the proceeds of oranges the trade is accustomed to taking
are not,prepared to exclaim, Eureka! port, could 'then run into Florid.and and vegetables have diminished to a solidly to the Mediterrean fruit whichis
Thoug1i successful, cold storage would carry a load of fruit from there to a figure that will not admit a high tariff imported cheaply and auctioned out
doffmuch for the orange interest, yet Northern port for ten cents or less per and leave a living profit to the producer. low on arrival in New York and Boston -
by no means does the success or fail- box. What better name than tyrantcan after January.To .
ure of orange growing depend upon it. be applied to those ship owners A resident of our State, stopping in keep oranges satisfactorily you
There is as yet no cause for growers'to who take advantage of governmental !New York, writes on September 24th, want dry-air cold storage; and then it
feel discouraged. In the first place, protection against foreign competitionto that thirteen boxes of- lemons sent on remains to be tested before you can
cold storage cannot yet be pronounceda band together and lay crushing from his grove in Orange county had tell whether Florida oranges taken
failure. Further experiments will weights upon, the producing agricultural just arrived. His agent said that at out into your humid atmosphere will
be made. American ingenuity will classes of Florida? the moment they would scarcely bring stand transportation like California
finally "get there. An importer's agent of New York, a price equal to the charges, but by oranges do in'that dry atmosphere.You .
Then two other questions equally as in a circular ,to orange-growers, recommending keeping them until the glut of hoarded object to the "one-house sys-
important to the orange interest remain shipments to Liverpool Sicilies was,over, they would probably tem" on the ground "that it rendersall
and at this stage of our produc- through him, estimates freights from do better. At that time small other commission men, ''middle
tion are probably more importantthan New York to Europe at thirty five lemons had gone as low as thirty-seven men' and forced to buy of this house"
cold storage. I refer to trans cents, and freight-from Florida to New cents, and fair sized fruit was hawked which would result in a
portation and distribution. Could York at fifty cents per box. Puttingthe about the streets at a cent apiece. loss of customers by all other houses,
transportation with equitable rates and latter at forty-five, the present Prices are better now, but the fact thatat etc., etc. This is not the case. The
the quickest possible time be"obtainedto charge from landings on the St. John's any time frieghts should be more fact is: this one house (as a distribu-
all points throughout this broad rver, it will be seen that ,in propor- than the value of good fruit does not ting house), either puts (or should
land, which would aid ,in a rich distribution tion to distance the tariff of our coast look assuring. The same writer fur- put) the properly graded, adjusted and
I have ,no hesitancy in say- wise steamers is more than three times ther says that thousands of barrels of fixed up oranges on auction to be sold ..
ing we would find there would be that of the transatlantic lines from excellent and handsome Jamaica or- alike to any bidders; or else "puts
but little need of cold storage. New York, although the running expenses anges were coming by every steamer, them out" (if permitted) to various
How can lower rates be obtained? and, outfit of the latter are much and the Florida cold storage people fellow fruit merchants to be sold at a
By growling at the companies? By greater. Neither can our steamers will get left if they try to keep,their scale of prices and accounted for accordingly -
criticising? By threatening? I ans- urge the plea of insufficient business, fruit indefinitely, as Jamaicas will fill and this seems to us should
wer, no! seeing that even during the slack sea- the gap that the Florida oranges oughtto regulate, instead of breaking the
So long as these are indulged in as son more freight was offered than they fill, and then come the Europeanand market as said one-house "agents"have
the only means then so long will the I could carry. ', Californian in their turn, so that too often done heretofore by
present condition continue. Nor can Nearly ten years ago, owing to a the Floridaa will not dovetail: in.any- thrusting unconditionally solid con-
the individual effect anything. It failure in the combination,the Charleston where, and the trade will fall into the signments upon auction to be knocked
must be through a combination. Line receipted oranges from Pa habit of supplying itself fully without down "whether or no" in a few min
Through combination both transpor- latka to New York at a rate of forty reference to Florida. utes to the highest bidderl! The one
tation and distribution can be man- cents per box. They claimed that on Many of us hoped that the Fruit' house system could be made successful -
aged to the growers' best interest. account of the small quantity to be Exchange would exert sufficient influence if properly regulated. The auc-
The Fruit ',Exchange under its new carried, this rate hardly paid, but admitted to help us, but in the matter of: tion system at a point a thousand
charter and with its past experience' is that when shipments should in- securing better rates it seems to have miles away from the stores of the
where we can reasonablylook for the crease considerably they could be ta failed utterly to encourage immigration purchasers, opens new elements beyond
solution of this question. ken at a profit for less. .And when and build up Florida. Our farm- our experience.You "
Wherever the Exchange has no the shipments did increase the rates ers wish for cheap and speedy trans- complain of the "Snide" get-
selling agency let them put a comp were raised to sixty cents, and by the portation for what they raise,and peo- ting among your growers and stealingover
tent traveling agent in the field to sella Ocean Steamship Line to eighty and ple will then flock in fast enough. half your fruit by false allure-
car load of fruit wherever it may be even eighty-eight cents a box and keptat -- .. .- ments. While your growers thus en-
wanted, and communicate with the those, figures for years. The high For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. courage said "snide," who is to blame?
A main office by telegram. By this prices obtained for fruit at that time FLORIDA ORANGE AUCTION. If your growers would visit the citiesto
means much fruit will be diverted enabled shippers to bear these excessive see who is who, and not depend
from the great centres,and the chancesfor charges, and. so little complaintwas A Commission Merchants Opinionof upon being hawked ("drummed" as
a glut lessened. heard. the "Home Auction" and !they call it) by traveling parties they
Those who do not like the Exchangeand A great flourish was lately made the One-House System. I would lose less and know more.
its methods of the past, let them over the reduction in freights to Flor- We note the "card to the dealers in .
invest $10 in its stock and become one ida. This helps us out,very little. If Florida fruits," (sent to the wholesale For the FLoRIDA DISPATCH.
of its law-makers. Its charter is liberal incoming freights were all but prohib- and retail merchants and the marketmen Green Oranges.A .
and comprehensive. Without com- itory, it would lead to the develop- of this city), setting forth the object commission house in New York
bination, experience has taught us ment of our internal resources, and ; of the Florida Orange Auction sent me a circular'from which I take
what to expect with combination; we render us more independent of the out- :and Forwarding Company, and "asking the following: :"My advice is for you
have everything to hope for. side world. But we must have low for suggestions, etc., from fruit to commence shipping your oranges as
M. 8. MOREMEN. outgoing freights to enable us to dispose merchants in distant cities. soon as they are fairlv well colored up.
... of the agricultural products, The massing of oranges,: in Jacksonville If too green on arrival, I can soon
FREIGHTS FROM FLORIDA. which are our main reliance, at a liv- as contemplated, to be auctioned ripen them in rooms prepared for this
ing profit. To increase the freight on there "as in New York City," remainsto purpose. I can also quickly ripen
The Urgent Necessity for Lower these is to strangle our industries and be tried before it can be proven lemons, and if you have any to ship,
Rates on Our Products. take the very bread out of our mouths. I successful. You must know that such would advise you to send them alongat
Our correspondent, E. H. Hart, of All-our invitations to the needy im- auctioning of fruit in a big market is once, as I can ripen them even if
Federal Point, Putnam county, Fla., migrant, all the display at our coming a[) different matter from auctioning it green as grass when :picked." It
in a recent letter to a daily cotempo- Exposition of what we cando, sink a[I thousand miles from the principle seems to me that this advice, no doubt
rary, under the above heading,hits the into insignKcance: before the impera markets. If oranges bring a questionable largely distributedurging fruit growersto
nail squarely the head. He says : tive necessity of low outgoing freights. price at auction right in the ship green fruit, is very bad advice.It .
Yesterday the captain of one of our Cheap and speedy carriage to marketis larger cities, where the purchasers seethe shows the importance of sustaining
river steamers imparted the cheerful the one central pivot upon whichour stock and get hold of the goods our own agencies, like the Fruit Exchange -
news that the grand bashaws of transportation prosperity hinges. immediately, you certainly cannot ex- which will look to the interest
': on fruit,five per cent. per box. One at the word discrimination, and.well the perishable,goods are seen only by I Il' commission merchant.
a ':';'".'';".' ... ,
,. ; '" -, ', H. .. ::'
: ,
:;;.- .. "

1 tJ

tl 1 .....q ,,- <:,,":, ; .' .r" .::' ) 0'';;gd' '


.. ',.', .
? -. ,

. NOVEMBER: 71887.1 : -=:rcrn FLORIDA. 'DISPAIECH.,: 92* '

.. .
---- .

cause others do. The fact is, many I f'

._ :ploridiana people come here who could improve Fancy !t Poultry.> i"250WlLlBUYTHEBEST

: c __ steadily, but fail to be benefitted, by

For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. neglecting a little care of themselves, ITIONCUIKF POULTRY YARDS, !I

Our Climate. ane then go home complaining of the P. O. Box 381, Jacksonville, Fla i!

Florida's best claim upon the atten- climate being no good. All the'"stuff" W. W. FENDRICH, I, -

tion of the people of other States is receiving about "a tropical paradise" or the White and Brown Leghorns, Light Brah, 1
production of tropical plant or mas, Plymouth Rocks, Langshans. and {I"'Vyar S A W M: I L
less notice by the than every dottes Until further no tlce,will furnish I
press ., fruit is foolish as well as dishonest. Eggs from the above varieties at$1 pre '; FOR THE HOHEY. Send for Descriptive Circular.

any other one inducement to immi We are only beginning to realize the thirteen, delivered at Exorm office. RICHMOND I MACHINE WORKS,

Mention DISPATCH._ ,_., __. .. _, ;'
"" irn--r- r \ i -- --- --- ,. -
This be *-L -i M-J--
grants. may to a feeling actual capacity of our State for many'ruits I RICHMOND. INDIANA.AT .

that we have at least one point of vantage etc. When these are developedwe McCartney Hedge Rose Plants and I
not necessary to defend, from its will have a land as desirable as the For Cuttings'
sale from December 1st till the last of
inherent strength, and that argumentsare "tropi alliar" ever pictured, but .to February. This rose makes a handsome everi, FROM CHICAGO I ,
more points still lead people to believe they will find green,perfectly impassable and durable fence. I I I PEORIA o RN.
necessary upon O'! EiL1,, Fairbanks, Fla
in dispute. This one overshadowing everything so inviting now, is to injure f STIOUI&' otiN'
is her Buy Direct from the Factory I .ii'} 1
advantage favorable climate fora ourselves and State foolishly and .. .
]large variety of invalids.It unnecessarily. Let's stick to facts, '- andjSave 1Ioney.r: :;--'. k+ $ !JJtHOICtOF
"'" '
is mistake to even momentarily and one of these, the best, is, our favorite peolnl for the Houtli. <""ROUTES; VIAITIDENVER

lose sight of this fact in the great con climate for a vast number and f1J1 ,

test between this State and California.- variety of invalids.W. r IJAll (J 1t1( COUNCIL BLUFFS
y ,
There is within the United i States E. DRISCOLE.

f alone sufficient people to fully occuj y Manatee, Fla.Oct. 13,1887. OMAHA, S!JOSEPH, ATCHISQN'-.
? o-
this State who would
regain Lake has Immigration For dates; rates, tickets or further Information
county organized an
their lost health or enjoy the remainderof apply, to Ticket Agents of connecting lines.
Convention, to co-operate o'r address
their days so much better removal
with the State association. The following -
to this favorable climate, to (
its officers President J.
are : ', I
tbem for all
many compensate
inconvenience incident to the F. Richmond, Okahumka; vice.presiIdent.e

of home. We do wrong when change we fail A. J. Phares, Yalaha; G. T. PATENT PROTECTING CLOTH.

King, Villa City; John Ellis, Oka- i
to the above inva toVrli
impress rpon every (
mmkn E. H.
; EdwardsrEustis; Will
lid within the reach of our means of
Jackson, Lane Park; secretary, W. .
informing them. Every school district ',:, .
in the State contains ableto VT. Bennett, Okahumka; treasurer' 0,1.. --'
G. C. Business -=----- ", -'
Stapleton, Leesburg. :_ i 4
testify to the advantage of this cli- .
Committee O. P. Rooks Fruitland ---- ------
mate above other for list r circular froo of Two
any a long Park; R. A. Green, Okahumka; E. J. AGENTS! Books,and proof that For FlorlstsGardeners Farmers,:etc.,su-
of maladies. No circular, pamphletor > a month made selling oat persedes glass at one-tenth the cost Son coldneweditionofMotherHome
.ML Padgett, Leesburg; W m. D. Men. frames, hot-bedsetc.' Unequaled for
should be sent North and Heaven,180,000 sold. Edited by T.L.Cuyler
without a number of these certificates denhall, Bloomfield; J. A. MacDonald D.D., 83.73 also 10,000 Curiosities of the ,f TOBACCO PLANT BEDS.
Eustis. Bible Introduction by J.H.Vincent D. D Illus !
showing what the experience of the trated, ga. E. B. TUEAT. 771 Broadway. N_Y_ ; Promotes hardy rapid growth. Used and

people here has been. ASTHMA DR- TAFT'S ASTDM ALINE endorsed by leading growers. Also waterproof -
|| never fails to Cure. covers for all farm purposes.
Immunity from liability to "take 800,000 ACRBS Any one who wants to be can send us their Circulars and samples free. .

cold" here, as compared with all other address DsTATBROS.and we will, Rochester mail trial, N.bottle Y. FREE. U. S. Waterproofing fitt Noufh St.,Fibre New C York.<>. (Limited,)

parts of this great country, is alone ---- ----.--.-,- .-. .-..- --. ..---- ..._. ... ,
> .J!
FLORIDA LANDS ----:1f.:: >- :: ;
sufficient to induce all the immigrationwe O A.

need, if it were properly presentedto Situated in the Counties of Nassau, Duval, ::; 0 .. .i.:..pep':7 .::;CD: ...e'C. ::c O Z'0 Cl l'S:I-' -- ,.

the people who need such a change. Columbia, Suwanee,Alarhua,Lafayette Marion ;:" Q MN ;: :r":eig. 'ro 'RpAaa : =t 111 CU.: :2J:: ... I

California, with her great and frequent Brevard, Hernando, Polk, Hillsborongh Sumter Manatee and .-.. fill N<. '<=O-' !..'g: g'"r....g...:= r-Z- = ="'ot: =. O- \\ o g CO iJ .w-q.._

of ,5.g' .lm..ll.U:U'. ; ...;=D 1 : 1A ITI 2
changes temperature, cannot com 8 e ;;
Monroe.TOWN 3 !ia
this State in this particular. LOTSIn I J3 11I111
When! > V... ? .O nogx,q r-ja gp "" '--r- 'ccc::; n
contrast her : P O !: I .-
we rainy foggy ; f2 :: :
; \ !
the Towns of Kissimmee, Winter Haven, ,.. r-
::4 0: :;td.P : "" j; 'SF--S
damp winters with our warm, dry, clear Gordonvllle,Bartow,Auburndale, Lakeland, I S' I'r. S \ :
; 2 : =iu: d 'f ,
Seffner,Mango, Orient Eagle Lake, Haskell, \ r--a
winter ... ...
weather ..
is .. il =
our advantage remarkable Kathleen, Rlchland, Bade City, Owensboroand '! :" ..fT1Q 2 $101A
.. ;: : :o "o :trja... \ 00
that Pemberton. \M E
; so palpable any intelligent f"I> O".cr.' M-r Qrrt.>D of ; =, ., \IattOS \ """' ...
A Map and Descriptive Notes showing the '" : P'No
person can readily see the truth. location of these lands will be furnished on : = "" : ift:1: \ a...
= : .
= ;: :;; \
; t')
application to the Land Department of the
For summer residence there the sand South Florida Railroad Company. O :: !:!! s g 2f a = \:_ \ mmCU. 'J
and alkali dust g N DOME Q .
floating in the air is aoaeame > p :oc
GEO. Fox
one of the most trying experiences to C)I.... fi\e :l;:;.B-g"' cMOttZEZ:: ;; 03-) JI II!
Chief ClerkSANFORD I'o' :"' 8't:: .;.!.;..oii"o" dO IJ' ,' -= "
invalids {( _
have dust j.o
we "
no bOR
many .
ClCOeQ 'lwo .
a ::t.- 0d ..
;; a7 c 0
FI Afn ,
.. :
from May to October and little ) Q. ::: ., UlQIIQ : j bt
very .
;; ;
t"lJt- CJ) .. "s. z-tttorw" C
any time, and none that need inconvenience $100 IU 3 CQOn>OUU A working MONTH for can us.be Agents made CboH. Q till:.Oii: C'T=: .H.....Ceocc'.1: ; : < "Pb lr Q1Ytr

an invalid. Our experiencein preferred who can furnish their own horses CI--s "0' .l..Op 0 g'0.. .'*I'IO"Z.' :: n r' -
this climate enables us to speak of and give their whole time to the business. C) -" CD4':'*;:l:: cgtO: ;:!nIf Q", JIlt.'.
"t '
Spare moments may be profitably employedalso. .. .. & l'IIoS;;;.. :.......5"CI .
influences that < : .. iI.
people living North A few vacancies in towns and cities. ti;: JoJ..S .. ..,.
(\ .rvfJr"
B. F. JOHNSON & CO.. lV > :7c?..::::: !( ..:,.; N0 ""
but dimly realize if they ever think 1OI3 [Main St., Iticlimonrt Va. o eot gt"';> '3 c .f-
> saI
: .__ a
N. mrr0ld rac-, ,,co; Ija'fa ...
intelligently on the subject. A ..... ao
great i "' O::0-,.<>= n 2. :. ...).:: =' f/V
need of many invalids is gentle, regular = t Zo.. i..fX ?t"' i:- = 8 0 :ut.
!- ,;: IS. c...., :S III
open-air exercise. ., ,
Many strong : KNABE a. t3-; > =Q-f =.._ czt .
men would not long remain so without 0"-; :. .t...),.:..i-fT1...Q-.;. iiClCfT1...0.> :oii oIW -." ".=- '<::: =C'2 '< ,
fill< p ;Q'I' C4
some exercise. The cold, damp mO. (),rr' .cito t" >> l Vl I1f'IK ........CJ
"'" !c.l: > !..ig.. ;.:_:r: 'tqh, 0' 0
(I) I:-
:I I '" -
weather of north of PIANOFORTES.UNEQUALLED :a II: JI'T'
points us, keep = ?tea!o: ;: : 1 g,

persons of delicate health confined so IN Idv Sl2Sera2es'' ( : &:. '1 idJ Or>> raiLs

that they are still further weakened, Tone, Touch, Workmanship,and Durability: AC' += ; a A:; 4di ng "S2SS ;:. !!! ,II, :11S: : e'\
.. fj't ..
\VHULIAM::KXABK as co. ... = < ii5 .. ...
then if they take out-door exercise i il ; : :'E SS C" II ,fJ i8 '"'w
Baltimore,22, and 24 East Baltimore Street. c:: Sa= | t; :f W'I1? rrlc7q .
is b
sudden for their
too N
or severe New York,112 Fifth :- -|gjfi&SU| | p. I. ; LQ4 .
Avenue. ... .... .; fO .: ;; .
strength and they are injured instead Washington. ,817 Market Space. gg::;!: == t' :tf 'afN 6 rf:?o rw:: dr ,$ (: : e

of benefitted. We should also be PURDEY'8.;: 5i; i ; : ?;I: '
: :
1 .
., .... ... 0
teachers of those who come among us. Richards' 5 Iq. "- 0_ Q.. -

We should tell them not to sit i in G U N SSCOTT'S'Colt'sGreen' and all- UI y __-"_

without fire in coldest
rooms our loading Double Guns
weather because they see others doingso. S1O up to 830O PANCOAST & GRIFFITHS
Now in stock a lot of Second-Hand Guns ,
Not to neglect regular exercise some of highest crude. Bargains. which FRUIT AND PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANTS
because persons seem to do without it. will soon be taken up. Send six cents in ,
catalogue and second-
Not to expose themselves to a north handlist. Cut this out, Sure.
wind that blow a short time''.be- \VM. READ A SONS, Inaugurators: of the Ventilated system of shipping Strawberries from Florida(without ice).
,may \Vttsliington St.,t Boston, Mau',',. Reference: Our Acct Sales and check Saturday,for every. shipment closed oat.that"eek.
:. '. '"" :; ;."


',. .. .,. .' ". '. .., ..' h _, _'


.... .
,.. is "' A s ..
.,' r : ",,\\2" : '

,928,.-" '"'' ':: ; ..'...... .". 3m :KOBIDA DISPATCH.-- =- [NOVEMBER 7, 1887.Atiunc .

and executive committee of their respective bidder. The other store is in Mari- tems. Being a secret organization, it

and "tf"ion. State organizations. anna. Commenting on this move- is,to some extent, like the father of all
, 1'" Within six months after said Na- ment the Times :' secret organizations, monarchical in
; Levy says
: Devoted to the interests of the Farmers tional Business Agent to visit the form; but being a chartered associa-
Alliance and,. the Farmers'Union in the State several State Business agencies who This is one step in the, right direction tion under the law of our country, for
of Florida.The
u J iirTj ij\rinirijrui-TirM-iirtrw'iiwtji J J JJH Jij,iiruiufuxji ... constitute the National Business Di- ; ,the next to take is to kill off all business purposes, and being composedof

Alliance in Florida. rectory, and aid in perfecting and developing your flea-bitten razor-backs/ and get a people who are familiar with and

.,.:' Since the recent session of the State : the system ; to aid in nego- yon fine stock, and raise your own devoted to a republican,form of government -
'; supplies of nice, clean bacon and lard, its written law is in conformity
Farmers Alliance at Marianna(Octo- tiating purchases and sales of com-
and quit feeding your families on to that The constructionof
modities and products and such other system.
ber 4th) the Alliance has made rapid ,
adulterated stuff from the West; raise code of law must
business require his experienceand a statutory provide
'strides in, this State. At that time ,services.Prudence as may. meat and lard to sell, instead of hav- for a membership who occupy a

.sixty-f ve organizations were reported, and experience show thatit :ing to buy it. Next'where the rangeis dual relation to the order; that is, the

with two thousand members., The Alliances is impossible to succeed in businessif sufficient, let each man have a small Constitution is the written organic law,

methods and of flock of sheep and ,raise his own wool; and outlines a republican form of
:] now number ninety-one, with a the plans, purposes gov-
such business be made public. There- next, select a few good cows from,your ernment. The secret work is the unwritten -
of three thousand.A .
membership nearly stock them and feed them
keep up law and is ordinate
fore, we recommend to the various organic co
:remarkable, showing for one month. State and subordinate organizations, well, and make your own butter; next, with the written, and outlines a limited
i J::> -Mfr-4- erect a factory in a convenient place
t that if member shall divulge monarchy.By
: any any
CO-OPERATION of the private business arrangementsof and work up your cotton and wool keeping these ideas in view con-
where it is raised; next, establish canning fusion will he avoided.
Report of Committee on Cooperation the order, such offending member
NatianalAlliance shall be promptly 'expelled from the factories and put up your own
Adopted by
I fruits and vegetables at home. Do

at Shreveport. order. -"* this, and the question of supplied will PIANOS, ORGANS & MOSICAL GOODS

Appreciating the imperative importance be about settled.
The Alliance in Texas. Genuine Bargains.
of this subject in its relation .
President Macune, in his opening
.. to the financial prosperity and indi- The Trade System.
.': address at the National Alliance in "
The of Being Sole Agents In the South'for
plan organization seems to
vidual development of the States
rep- Shreveport, says the Alliance in Texas
meet the necessities, with perhaps a CHIOKERING, MASON & Al\ILIN.MA.
resented in this body, no less than the was started somewhere between ,Li
few modifications. There to THUSHEK, BENT & ABION
1870 and 1875, in Lampasas appears .
and county ;'
Individual success, independence "
be defects in the
no_ prominent plan as i
number of farmers associated
by a who PIANOS
happiness of the body of farm- National > i
great a enterprisand as complete ,
themselves in defensive .
together a ,.,,,, .
is surrendered the State 'J
ers of the South, we cannot too league, to resist the encroachments of jurisdiction to

strongly urge upon the members and land sharks, wife) proposed to rob them Alliances when organized, it rests with ORGANS

subordinate organizations of our order of their homes. The history of the them to make laws to meet local con

the absolute and indispensable neces- move from its inception up to 1886, ditions. There is a feature of the MASON & HAMLIN, BAY STATE,

sity for a well digested and thoroughly was not attended with much interest.It Alliance that is very important, and PACKARD ORCHESTRAL.
organized co-operative business system has always been a part of the unwritten
had by August, 1885, to the
grown Everyone given benefit of our one price system
work that it be
by and through which we might perhaps
number of about 700 subordinate Al- and prices guaranteed lowest. Easy
mitigate, if we may not entirely rid liances and had its well to. introduce some laws and regu- terms of payment,and payment of freight as-
changed objectsand
sumed by us to Purchaser's nearest R. R.or
ourselves of, unjust burdens, and un workings, until they resemble lations in the written work, in order steamboat landing.

just oppressions and evils which ,are 'vry closely those of the present. that it may be more universally un-
derstood. That is the trade -
paralyzing the energies and absorbing system,
From August, 1885, to August, 1886,
the profits of our farming interests. a most prodigious growth was recorded and the operative efforts being VIOLINS GUITARS BANJOS' AC-

We therefore earnestly commend to ; the increase was about 2,000 sub- made to act in harmony in the sale of

the early and favorable considerationof ,Alliances. 1'{ Among the reasons for products and purchase of commodities. CORDEONSand

State County and sub-Alliances On the success of this feature
this rapid growth, and probably one all kinds of small Instruments offered at
and to the individual members of our much of the prosperity of the order lowest prices. Send for our Illustrated cata-
of the most potent, was the fact that .-
order,, the following outline of a general all other occupations were either organized depends; hence some general laws and logue. .', :
plan to be perfected and devel recommendations should be in print, -
or were rapidly organizing,
oped in detail, as the 'necessities and and the farming interest was unableto in plain and easy to be understood Artist Materials*

local conditions of the several Statesin cope with them, without organization language, so that all may understand, Picture Frames, .;??.

which it is adopted may require, therefore,the necessity for organization and tend towards one and the same Fine Picture* *' -<%
but conforming as nearly as practicable object. Much might be said as to the
for self-defense.] Again, the Fancy Good* ,,;
to the general plan, to the end results of combination had reduced future of this great movement, and Albums, Stationery.We .

,that ultimately, and at the earliest the price of all products the farmer still it is all expressed in the single

practicable time, we may bring to had to sell to such an extent, that in sentence, "There" is no limit to the Music,can Art save or Fancy you money Goods.In Write anything us for In

gether and direct our business meth- cases they would not hire.Bog's possibilities. However I call your prices.
many pay
ods, business resources and business wages to the one who produced attention to the fact that our people,
interests under and harmon owing to and the fact
general money pressure,
them and were really at a loss.
ious plans of co-operation through a The rule was, that a year spent in the that cotton is our great money crop, & ,

National agency of the National Alli most vigorous labor and rigid economy are,disposed to rely too much on it, SAVANNAH GA.

and that shouldbe
purchase things
/ would, with good management, many
ance.We recommend that the business produced at home; therefore this
bare subsistence and in
yield a many
agents of such State organizations as cases it yielded less;(and would finally body should strongly recommend more PABLO BEACH.

may desire to .create a.National Agency result in a surrender of the farm 10 diversity of farming, to the end that -

shall meet in the city of Dallas, the mortgagee merchant, and the ad- our people become more self sustain Jacksonville and Atlantic R'y Co.
Texas, on the second Tuesday in Feb- ing, and therefore less dependent. State
: dition of the
one more family to
army EFFECT TUESDAY, SEPT. 13, 1881.
ruary, 1888 and organize themselvesinto of renters: It seemed to be an ad. Alliances should be .called upon to.
a National Business Directory, take steps to assist their members in WESTWARD.
mitted fact, that organization was the
and shall have power to elect a Busi- only hope of the farmer, and as the procuring the facilities for diversifying No.l A.K No.8 P.X P.JI o.5 No.1 P.X

ness Agent, providing the Business,Directory Alliance !i their products, and to assist them Ar Jack80nVUle.__.......... 8:20 3:50 lro 620
and the said National Business farmers' organization was presented, its as ranks strictly were a in,the sale of their surplus.Pre i- Lv Pablo.__.._.._ .. ....._. 7:35 3:00 1:00.5:30

Agency shall no longer exist under rapidly filled with all those who felt dent's Address. EASTWARD.
this organization than the next 4 No.2 No.4 No.6 No.8A.M
regu. disposed to unite and resist the en- P.X P.X P.x
lar meeting of the National Alli: croachments of other The Alliance Government.The Ar PabIo.._._. .,. _.__ 10:50 5:00 2:30 6:30
organizations, .__.
Lv Ck80nvUIe 10:00 5.SO 3:20 7:20
ance. Alliance is a business organization -
and who realize that it required or-
Trains No.and 2 run daily.Trains 3 and 4
The National Business for business and such \
ganization to meet organized power. purposes run dally except Sunday. Trains 5,6,7 and 8
have power to locate the office, necessarily secret, and as secret neces run Sunday only.JULIUS

define the duties and fix the salaries The Alliance has two co operativestores sarily strictly non-political. The planon __________ Superintendent.HAYDEN,
of the said National'Business Agent; which organization has been effectedis
: in Florida. The of
: provided he be paid from the funds of to some extent, new,' and while it Grand Gift! To wonderful Introduce Self-our

,. .?of the representative! treasuries represented supplying the members in Levy was perhaps contains. nothing original, it A O GIVE O NE Machine we will
''' away in every town. Best
.t in the Business Directory, subject farmed out on the 22d ultimo, Ira J. is experimental, in that .it combinesthe In the World. .No labor or rubbing.

I to the approval of the treasurer Cader, of Bronson, being the lowest features of several it{{efferent sys-, Nations SEND-FOR; Co.ONE,: 23 to Dey the,,St., K Y.

.. "',. '





I / .


' "......,..-.. '\'- ..,....- : ..-; -, ? .' -- -. '.-

;r' -----THE: : : :: : :-829If


\ ., "
aw The r ; which they would like to have, especially "SAN MATEO NURSERIES;'! .4. '

: Ul'seI1. for experimental purposes, :
U- r" : : ,::=t.->" .
merely on account of the excessive ;
A full line'of Nursery:Stock now ready for Fall.and Winter Planting r,: .
* Attention is called .to the new, advertisement charges of transportation.A )
four-cent per pound rate is plenty Best Varieties of Budded Trees a' Sp'ecialty-Trees .ot all1'Sizes.
in this issue of the "Tri '
*. .. V> ?
high enough and if not establishedfor for, ,
Send. Catalogue. x %.
fruit .
umph" propagated by Mr.
grape all merchandise, should at least be .'. ".v MAXWELL, AIVWEKSON A;co.,
J. H. Fessenden at his Blue Lake San Mateo -Ja.
.the rate for seeds, plants, insecticides, _

Nursery, near Eustis. A few trees of plant-foods, small implements and all f ;; GUIDE TO FIG CULTURE e.

this variety should be in every grove, other things which might be included" Tells how to grow and prepare the fig,and%. describes our new fig,

i .'as in spring time the fruit is in its under the term "agricultural supplies. dbm.nl.eroia1
At the same time we need an extension : : Str1Y"rn.a.: : .

prime long after oranges have disap of ,the weight-limit to at least , I! and New Fruits,and the finest stock of nuts In the country. Address with sump,
; peared. eight pounds instead of four pounds as .. FLORIDA UORTICVILTURAL CO., .

at present. Cutler, Dade Co, Fla.

Postage on Seeds and Plants. j The establishment of such a rate and THE BUCKEYE NURSERIES.Villa

.4 We heartily endorse the following limit would tural .
promote ayricu progress Franca Lemons. Navels.We
Washington .
from the Orchard and Garden. It 'much than that
t,.., more we expect have for fall and winter delivery a large and select stock of the above named varietiesone
costs less to send seeds and plants by the provisions of the Hatch bill will. and two year old buds,thrifty and free from Insects. Our Villa Franca buds were ob-
tained from the finest grove of this celebrated variety In the State and Washington
;r' mail from Jacksonville! to Australia The ]latter cost the Government $600- Navel buds were Imported by us,direct from California,and taken from the first trees budded -
,1> 000 the reduc- with that variety In the State. This grove Is said to bear heavily and steadily. We have
":1 'than it does from Jacksonville to Pa per annum; proposed also all the standard varieties Known to Florida, also Peen-to and Honey peach trees, and
tion would probably redi. ce the postal LeConte and Keifer Pears. All of our trees are grown on high pine land,and we guarantee
"* latka, a singular commentary on our few hundred thousand the that every tree shall have good roots,which after all Is most Important. Send for Catalogue.
a GILLETT DUO'S, South Lake Wier, Marion Co., Florida.
boasted progressiveness: first year only, but surely result in a '

The agricultural interests of this saving of millions of dollars to the ORIENTAL FRUIT TREES A SPECIALTY
: E Kelsey, Botan and Ogan Japanese Plums on native Plum Stocks.
farmers and iu r-
demand reduction of a rapid improvement
country a speedy Kelsey June Buds on native Peach Stocks. Peen-to and Honey Peaches.
the postage rates on seeds and plants, : of our farming method?. .; IeConteand Klefler Pears on their own roots,. Bartlett and other .pears on
LeConte roots. A large stock of Apples, Pears, Plum, Cherries, Quinces,
which are now four times as large as i The four cent rate is sorely needed. Apricots and Nectarines. ;Address

those established in European coun- Congress should pass a law establishing .
F. :E3EJJ: : : ES..
tries or even in Canada. These excessive it, at the very first opportunity.We ,> Manager Huntsville Wholesale Nurseries, Huntsville, Alabama'"

rates, and the extravagant intend to agitate this matter until .

charges, which transportation com- action is taken, and in the meantimewe HOMELAND NURSERIES.KELSEY

.panies are enabled to maintain in con- implore farmers, florists, seedsmen, .

.sequence of the tame competition, are gardeners and all kindred professions, AND OTHER ORIENTAL PLUMS ,

(the greatest stumbling blocks in the to attack the individual members of '
way of progress in agriculture and Congress with weighty petitions for A SPECIALTY. ..'-;

horticulture. People do not shun the the proposed change. We also solicit JAPAN PERSIMMONS ON NA.TIVE HOOTS.;"'
Also a full line of Nursery Stock of the most choice varieties adapted to Florida ,'
original cost of seeds and plants and correspondence and co-operation of all R. H. BURn, Proprietor, Bartow, Polk County, Flu.T '
but horticulturists of this country who ,
agricultural supplies generally,
they are afraid to buy many supplies feel interested in this question. ar"DEALER :iiOOiS: '

BIDWELL'S EARLY,BIDWELL'S LATE and No. 7, are round peaches, average size, .
ripening from May 10th to,July 1st Then Bidwell's IMPROVED PEEN-TO, No.4,Is fiat, thousand acres of land for sale. Every Kind of Budded Orange and lemon Trees,
but larger and thicker from stem to blossom than Its parent. all kinds of Seedlings,Japan Persimmon Trees,etc., for sale. Trees will be carefully packed
and shipped to any part of the State. Bearing Lime Trees at 10 cents each. '
In Not Excelled Peach Out.with
not a pal tide,at any stage of ripening,of that bitter so objectionable in the Peen-to.
Ripens with Bidwell's Early. -
These are all seedlings of the Peen-to,a decendant no doubt of that fruit.found by Atchison VILLA FRANCA NURSERIES.LEMONS
in the Hazardarakht Ravine,In Afghanistan; a form with different shape from that of .
the almond,being larger and flatter." lThe whole shrub resembles what one might consider -
a.wild form of the peach,of nearly evergreen foliage." As I am-aware there are many ORANGES, PEACHES, PLUMS, HART'S CHOICE, BANANAS, BUDDING
spurious trees being offered, I would give sword of caution to the planter Mr. Bidwell ,WOOD.
has originated these trees;our trees he has grown from buds cut from his bearing trees, L. B. & C. A. SKINNER DUNEDIN, FIJI.A.tonomizer .
most of them by his own hand. ;
Address all letters,for information or trees,to me,as on account of ill health he has givenme and Powder Bellows.
all business connected with the sale of his trees.
City Omce and Packing Grounds,Main street, Orlando. JAMES M OTT, AGENTS WANTED.
I-. o. fox: 121, Orlando,Flo. .

.Ci.1tLm0Iafro: 1'T-arser1es.: VALUABLE FOR FLORIDA AND THE SOUTH.


All the leading orange and lemon trees Navel, including the speciality."Everbearing"Bidwell orange.,Peen-to Oranges,Pallas We Import from Japan,where our stocK is carefully raised in our Nurseries, Persimmon,
month in the Washington a
excrv year. oranges Mammoth Chestnut, Plum, Loquat Litchi,Kin-Kan and other Japanese and Chinese Fruit
and other pluInSlncJudlngthatwonaerfulnew plum,
and Honey peach trees. Kelsey Japan
Trees. Giant and DwarrBamboos. Ornamental Tree Shrubs and Bulbs.
8atsuma'rand State and lead-
the Sweet Plum Nla raEmplre
the"Blood Plum of "Early
We have the Geo. F Sylvester Seed House at 315 street, where
Washington we
Mulber- purchased :
ing varieties of foreign grapes. The new fig"Foundling, Pears,Persimmons, Figs "
native and seed of Tree 'Flower
will all foreign maKing ,
ries, Loquats,Guavas,Nut trees, etc The new Japanese seedless orange "Unshiu.'' a. com- carry and Ffeld Seeds. Send r bUlbRi ustmted a specialty Japanese ,:
plete line of ornamental trees, including Grevilleas, Eucalyptus, Acacia, etc. Illustrated ii. II. BERGER & co. .

catalogue free. Address, Altamonte M. L. WHBATLEY,Orange County,, Fla 315 and 317.Washington t.San Francisco Cat",P. 0.box, .,1501..


Deer Island Gardens and Nurseries, SWITZERLAND NURSERY. Va;*

.. OAKLANB ORANGE CO.. fJLA. Peen-to,Honey and Bidwell's Early peach trees Kelsey,Botan and other plumtrees.Grape : .
Vines,Blackberry and Strawberry Plants. ?
Pot Grown Semi-Tropical Fruit and .Ornamental Trees, Plants and
Vines. No Loss in Transplanting. .' A Nursery at; Your Own Door. '-,

Catalogue and Price List Free,on application to the Manager. Address A specialty made of sending all kinds of trees and plants by mall, and safe arr faFguar-
A. E. CIIAMPLINOakland anteed. Price. lists,free to all. Address '(
,Orange Co.,Fla. 'W; C STEELE, Manager- *
Switzerland,Bt.Johns County/Fla.. *
Established 1856. 200 Acres in Fruit Nursery. ... '.;1'"

The stock'of Fruit and Ornamental Trees specially adapted to Florida is doubtless the i .
moat varied In the United States. Many valuable additions have lately been made to the
lists of Fruits suited to sub-tropical sections. In addition to the usual large variety of fruits :
W8 offer 100,000 Peen-To, Honey: and Pallas Peach Trees;also.l'clsey Vines's, Dotan and Pears.Figs, .P ,!ims, Kelsey Plum and Other Fruits;'
olherOriental ,Oriental ,Japan Persimmons,Grape !,
Plants, etc. Our stock of Roes, Evergreens, Palms, Acacias and flow-
ering shrubs includes everything of value for Southern gardens. A.special Catalogue(No.4) Send for circular.: Circular contains short history of peach culture in Florida,and hintsas
Is published for this branch of our and will be mailed free to all applicants. ,
establishment to culture.' JAS. P. BePA S Archer,:.Fla.
Wannerr.rrlnacpnts, Rnrt' (rrrttnuh and nvold bplnstlmpo wnpon. _. ,


Citrus Fruits Peaches variety.Pears Plums,Grapes,Figs,Persimmons,Nuts,Guavas. ,
Loquats,Olives, Pepplns,Bananas;Pomegranates,etc Eustis, Lake County Fla., :-

Lemons. Offer for sale a stock of budded orange trees of,all leading varieties,Including the
Bidwells Peon-tos
Kelseys Oranges 3r
Jaffa. Med. Sweet,Tardlff m Late Ili oricaWashlnatonNavelDuloi) ,Mandarin,
I I, ..tley's ,
Budded from buds received this from Riverside, Cal. Bidwell Peen-to and
entirely season ,
Tangeirine,JIomosassa,Nag. Bonum Belalr, Premium Villa ttranchf\,Sicily;etc., ':<{ .
t I" ,,' ,' ." Honey Peaches,Kelsey and other Japan Plums. All home grown. Best native and foreign
: ;. ". A. H. MAN V ILLE & CO. :7Lakeland. grapes,including a large stock or Black Hamburg. White Adriatic'and other figs. Perslra-
1 : '. Polk County, Fla., or Dray ton; Island, Putnam County; ,'Fla., .i,""'(; moQletc: Price list tree. $pplication. a. H.NORTOa, Eastls, Fla.



,*;. ". ,

'" ..

I,,, ".'. "- .. ,.

:, ,.
930 ., ,- <,. ;-TEE. FLORIDA DISPATCH [NOVEMBEB: 7, 1887.
., .. -
New York Market. Profit In Fruit Culture. MAWTXEJLE N1JRSERIES
NEW YORK,Oct. 39,1887. t KELSEY and other valuable Plums. 25,000 ,

The receipt of fruit via the last steamer Apples LECONTE on,LeConte KEIFFER stock.and other All the Pears valuable and One of the oldest in the State,keep pace with the times. Our stock is home-grown and

very small, and oranges sold $2 to Oriental and Southern Fruits. CAM PxLOR of the best. Our prices are as low as the lowest. We have all the varieties suitable for the
$2.50, being mostly green, and only few TREES, OLIVES PBUNES. Nut Trees of trade,such as are advertised byother nurseries in the State. We warrant entire satisfactionSend

fancy brought latter price. Choice lemonswanted HOGS.all kinds.Seeds J JEBSEY of CATTLE Forage Plants.Highest,JERSEY BED your name for new catalogue. and price list. -

worth $3 to $4. Savannah snap quality,lowest prices. Valuable information F. S. CONE, Proprietor,
beans selling at $1.50 to...$2. Florida in illustrated catalogue free. I "RFA'ENT CITY FLA
egg plants $6 per barrel. Cucumbers CHEROKEE FAItH AND NURSERIES, *

wanted. G.S.PALMER.Meteorological. Waycross, Ga. kNTHONY NURSERIESOffer

Pears Grown from Cuttings.

<6 LeConte,Keiffer and Sand. Bartlett Law- to the public a full line of
Bekel Smith and Garber LeConte
son, on
titi w 4:: w Root.. Strawberries adapted to Florida, Ala- GENERAL, NURSERY STOOK:, .
.1aq'J'8 .M oaee: : as e( bama and Georgia: Hoffman, Warren, N o-
a J0sq ooSoo nan and Noonan Improved. Peaches: een- Consisting of ORANGE TREES of choice varieties, from one year bud on four-year-old
".," elks e2huaAV 5555555H < to, Honey, Southern Beauty and others. stock to bearing trees in q alit REEL price to suit the times including the celebrated
to- gT Plums: Kelsey'sJapanMariannaandothers. MADAME VINOUS, VELVET three and four year buds; fine two-year-old SAT- o
.GO'OCr 'gi :i Pot grown strawberries on only. a 8UMA8: .n four-year-old stock three year buds KING ORANGE, etc..etc.
-- GEO. G.GIBBS, Also a choice assortment of PEARS on LeConte stocks. LKCONTE PEAR one,two and l
: : 'Jtptmnn I O! 1, Tallahassee Nursery,Tallahassee,Fla, three years. APPLES suited to Florida on 1 eConte stock.
M (of U'8P UU aKzm ., Bend for Catalogue. PEACHES.Including FLORIDA'S OWN,a sport from Peen to;a Mhtppingvariety;
o oblong In shape; very early and very proU c. EARLY CREAM a choIce early seedling or
2 9 timooowr Nurseries of Lake Weir Co. Chinese strain. BIIWELL'8 EARLY, THE WONDER PEED-TO, HONEY etc. KELSEY -
cd ,
A wl .ATlooleAG I PLUM on Plum or Peach stocks. BOTANKJA,MARiANNA, etc. I t
-o- ...< 100,000 Orango and Lemon Trees, JAPAN PEB8IMMONS. GRAPES-the leading home varieties: SCUPPERNONG and !,I.
OO'l -' Our trees are very thrifty,three and four CALIFORNIA varieties. ADRIATIC and other Figs PECAN and other Nut bearing trees.
: ..r .uonOa.Ita :. HW year old stock,%to 1inch diameter,with TEXAS UMBRELLA,CALI'lORNIAPEPPER' TREE,a beautiful shade tree. GOLDEN.
0 I ZZZ ZZZ one year old buds. Nurseries easily,accessible ARBORVIATIE and choice two-year-old roses. Catalogue Crepe
to Florida Southern Railroad. Send for I. J. BROKAW,

b 1p 43 Catalogues., Address Anthony. Marion County, Fla.
A: = .. I : Fia.
paipunqsaqouf .aoCII c1ri1-1Y Routh Lake WHr. FAIRVIEW NURSERIES. '", J
n 10 puv "': o$.E+E+ 002i
ad! to4 I8.JUJ'8.I' .r1l'8a op ONE MILLIONFruit '
po. -i Well tested and approved varieties of the ORANGE and LEMON and other Citrus Fruits.
_'.ofi a Vine. Strawberry QUATS, POMEGRANATES, BANANAS, PECANS, and
I.'Jlueayl I affi4 S yelling::Plants low* Etc.at GRAPE VINES Florida grown,of well known varieties, found to be suited to the soil ..
ana climate of Florida.
@ ----- a-------- fficS Willow Lake
; Nursery. Send for catalogue O. R. TIIACHEO, Manager,
** JH I atnUIluIN 1 S ma.+aaa! .rm' Descriptive catalogue
t- QQO E1 :5 'grn and price list mailed free San Mateo. Fla.

,-- I at,UlYX'8T1T. f.'N...OC'N c q.l'oo:) t- : on Sum'l application II. Rmitli.Address : GROWN TREES
0.s rrilii c-- Marshallville,Go. FLORIDA PEACH ,

'; ..1atamo.nrg I.= M ro. V Plums Olive Trees Oranges Figs Lemons Pecans
-' :: GRAPE VINES Kelsey Japan ,
.r .2 C *. ", Jnaa U'8aJ I$RRi g i By'the dozen,hundred or thousand,also a full supply of other Nursery stock adapted to
j o w Suited to the Soil and Climate of Florida and the Gulf States. Am now booking orders for Fall delivery season of
-'" :. t *. .s ? :. 188788. Write for Prices. Catalogue free on application.

o c..',. i i I .11: i? :Msj CO: :: E FLORIDA, GLEN ST. MARY N1JBSEBIES,

'oo ; .... .. .Q Q' GROWN AND FOR SALE AT G. L. TABER, Propr..Glen St.Mary, Fla.
** H 11
PtCQ ; |
.D, <. H< e(cS CIS Oa CIS.Q=.) llSB San Luis and Andalusia Nurseries, BAY VIEW NURSERIES.CHOICEST .
'gi f Se
: ,
i 0HOME :$ "BJ5H
p E. DUB 018, Manager.Send VARIETIESIOF

for Catalogue and order early. Send, Budded Orange. and Lemon Trees
; GROWN. also,for Price List of ,

Tropical and Semi-Tropical Fruit Trees,Vines and Plants. Trees strong and well rooted
FLORIDA WINES. and especially adapted to outh Florida..
PEEN-TO,HONEY,PALLAS, FLORIDA !. An inspection is invited Inquiries by mail promptly answered. Catalogues sent free
R. D. HOlfT, Bay View HUlsborouizh: Co.. Fla.ROYAL .
CBAWFpBD, BIDWELL'S and other Pineapple Plants for Sale. on application.

PEACHES; KELSEY and other PLUMS; Egyptian Queen from 15c. to $1. Scarlet or PALM NURSERIES.Rare
JAFFA, MED. SWEET, WASH'JNG. NA- Spanish from lo, to 2c. for slips. Rooted .
VEL, TARDIFF, MAJOBICA, DUROI Plants,can be set .t any season from 2c.to

HIGLEY'S LATE,MAG. BONUM, HOMO- 25c.steamer each on, packed receipt of and price.delivered on board. exotic plants of all descriptions for summer planting. Rare and new fruits.

SA8SA,TANGIERINE and MANDARINE Large order prices on application. Palms, Acacias, Agaves,Aloes,Cacti and Flowering Plants. A general line of Citrus Trees
ORANGES; BELAIR, VILLA FRANCHA TIIOS. E. UICIIAUDS. and Nursery stock suitable for Florida. _
Eden Plantation Eden, Indian
Pineapple. ,
and SICILY LEMONS; OTHER CITRUS River, Fla.Grows Price catalogue(of 93 pages)15 cents,postpaid. Mailed free to all customers.

NUTS, GUAVAS, QUINCES, Manatee, Florida.

TREES,etc. rJ2o
i 1H I r ka
A., M. 1IA..NVILLE .
and health locks.
j Budded from tried and approved varieties, on good
Lakeland and Dray ton Island,Fla. Also, JAPAN PERSIMMONS, LECONTE PEARS, GRAPES, ana a general . ., all kinds of Fruit Trees and Vines, rult Trees suitable to Florida. Address, ,
, .
Large stock LeConte and other Pears,Persimmons '
,Peen-to,and other peaches and plums.W. .1 OJ'f:: WARR y G-eorg-etoTKTZi: Pla
Send for Catalogue. Smlthville Ga.

Three six and twelve months buds; 2,000 .
two-year olds. Some fruited this year. JASON OF 1.88-8S.
Botan Marianna Purple Leaf and Simon's
r Plum on Florida Seedling Plum stock the Co. All fruits,plants and vines,suited to the climate of Florida, including Oranges, Lemonsand
best for all sections of Florida. Eureka, Peen- Polk Co. Nursery 1 Improvement all the citrus fruits,as well.as Peaches,Pears Plums,Persimmons Grapes, Figs,Pecans,
To.Honey,best October and other Peaches on Almonds,Apricots,Olives,etc. Also many useful\and ornamental grasses,Plants,Vines,etc.
Florida peach stock. Japan Persimmon, All the leading_foreign and domestic Orange Have also for sale several valuable Improved places at great bargains. Catalogue free to
Grapes,Oranges,eta Price list free. Inspection and Lemon Trees. any.address.
solicited. A. CAI.LAIIAN, Price list on appUc tlon. w w HAWKINS k SON-
Prop.Eureka Nursery,Melrose,Clay Co.,Fla. W. B, L.AKSITJER. Manager IJomp.1nftrt., tqn. Lake George, Fla:

..ooky- :J3ran.ch.: ]11'urSerie: : s. RIVERSIDE NURSERIES.

..f LeConte, Keif ffer, Bartlett, Lawson and arbcrs Hybrid Pear., a Spe- Citrus and Deciduous Trees, Rooted Grape

cialty. Vines and Cuttings.We .

j Summer contracts,Special Bates,will now be given. Address
make a specialty of Grape Vines of'all varieties,and Fig Trees.. Liberal discount to
B. W. PARTRIBGE, nurserymen. All inquiries promptly answered. Address
Monticello,Flak C. S. BURGESS, Manager

: FANCHER CREEK NURSERY, Nurseries of the Milwaukee Florida Orange Company,

FRESNO, CAL., Dunedin, Hillsborough County, Florida.We .

I Offer this season a fine collection of FRUIT TREES and ORNAMENTAL PLANTS. make a specialty of the DISTINCTIVE varieties of CITRUS THTJIT TREES,Including
f Specialties: WHITE ADRIATIC FIGS, SAN PEDRO finest table fig; POMEGRANATES, Double Imperial Riverside(buds personally selected in California by a member of our com-
I JAPAN FRUITS,OLIVES,PERSIMMONS and also a fine assortment of PALMS,ROSES pany) and Washington Navels,Maltese Blood, Hart's Tardiff, Jaffa, Du Rol,Stark' Seed-
and OLEANDERS. Plants by mall a specialty. less,ete.9 etc. In Lemons we have Villa Franca Sicily,Genoa,Belair Premium and Eureka.
Catalogue free to any address. A sample of the dried and cured Adriatic Fig will be. Also Tahiti Limes,Peaches,Plums,White Adriatic Figs,etc.,etc. Our stock large,complete
r ,- forwarded to any one sending 10 cents in stamps,to pay for postage and packing. ,well rooted,thrifty and clean. Special terms on large orders. Catalogue free on Bpi -
> --Address alUetters tai 5 ,".I ." F. BOBBIN, Proprietor, Fresno;CaL i plication. 'Address. A.. X. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin. Fla.,
!- ,, .-','.j,,. .....:":,'-,..'_.'.!. f ,.,:.:-: .. '." :. ''',, '. .... "
,-!\, J''-',. .,' f > ; .

", '; "'"'V' ( "'''t.--:';;''"
? ;\" '



NOVEMBER, h '. 7,, 1887." .-THE.- :r JS.FLORIDA'. ',* .' DISPATCH.I -. .. 931"

gYU f" <' w x w -.w .*we ;irdM''_, 4' +..n.WIPMJtli.mx .v ......5., '-, ..'..... ..... .n ,_."n.'dwe 7 w .". ... ,.' ....".W ................... .-. ........ ,,;._-,. .*..,.wn .r..CkJaaw .
THE ,. yi to the the
". .. ,; shippers have, considering generally inferior quality of the.
I /: I' fruit, far exceeded bur expectations. The season of 1886-7, opened up'with
: favorable indications during the months of November and December.
: >:' : ;FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.t very ,
Prices obtained in instance The bulk of
: .' were, nearly every! satisfactory.
;" ; :"'
,, :"': ,. \,.. February and the first part of March, prices were very unsatisfactory, sales
,- .-Season'18878.Haven and, returns slow and generally poor.: There were many reasons for this,
., : -t .. .', ;"', :. prominent among which was the inferior quality.of the fruit, the great 'bulk

:: i. 'f ;'" ..'""." of it being russet of a very low grade, small and black; also much of thefruit
U :. -'i'f ',... '. .... ;: t: .
j.i in localities
( on the trees, many about January 1st, was seriously frosted
: ;successfully) weathered the storms fi itssecond season, ,the Florida
and decayed very fast in transit. Then the unusually severe winter in the East,
Fruit Exchange, through its managers, takes pleasure in announcing to its West and Northwest, practically suspended the traffic in fruits for at least two
friends and. patrons that the association is still iin the eld fiand prepared to
less fruit
months., Of course more or was being disposed of during this time,
handle their shipments more promptly and satisfactorily than we have ever forward all the while in
but the supply going was so largely excess of the
done in the past. demand that the gluts which began in December grew worse daily and were
In reviewing the work of the past two years, the managers fully recognize -. week and
prolonged from to finally, when the'weather did moderate, -
the fact that the Exchange has not proven the brilliant success as wasanticipated in hands of all dealers condition of
,) the supply was so heavy and the much of
by many of its friends at the start.Ve have not succeeded in it weeks of hard
it so so poor ,that required work to dispose of it. Owing to
'11I pleasing everybody, nor do' we ever'hope to do this.Ve do claim, however,
scattered is in .
the fruit being so widely that the hands of so many competitors
that we have made many more friends than enemies,. and the Exchange
weather cleared
the there
\ so soon as up was one grand rush to unload
stands to-day with a stronger following than it has ever had since its organ
regardless of all consequences to the shippers. It was therefore impossible to
ization. We do not say this in idle boasting, the facts will speak for them- 'maintain fixed scale of prices. .

selves before the close of the coming season.. Early any in January the management of the Exchange, seeing the conditionof
We have noted carefully the various criticisms appearing in the State the various markets and the unprecedented heavy shipments rushing forward

press'during the summer, some favorable and others unfavorable to the Ex '' daily, concluded that the consequences would be very serious if the
change. After reading each article it is our custom to examine the books of I
growers could not be induced to discontinue shipments for a few days, hence
the company for the purpose of ascertaining to what extent the writer had our patrons were notified by mail from day to day for at least fifteen days.

contributed to the support of the Exchange. In the majority of the arti- Several important notices were also published in various papers, but, muchto
cles unfavorable to the association we found the writers had never shipped one
instead of both the
:our; surprise, decreasing, shipments through ExcKangeand
package' through the Exchange, and 'the balance, with few exceptions, sent to outsiders seemed to be on the increase. The question about this particular

what is termed trial shipments$ ten to twenty boxes. In the face of all.this time was not ,Which is the best market .?" but "which is the poorest

is it not proper that we ,should doubt their competency to judge as to the market?" and the latter was really a difficult question to answer. Our agents

merits of the Exchange and its, management? We have many patrons who had,. one and all, ;notified us'to stop shipments, their markets were flooded,
shipped us their entire crops through two ,successive seasons, ranging
crops etc. ,Having no other alternative we forwarded all fruit received, taking,care
from one hundred to twenty thousand boxes. They now stand prepared to
distribute it several them
to equally among our agencies, instructing to storesuch
continue with us. Why? Simply because? they are satisfied. Their averagenet as they could not sell until the weather moderated. ,At the same time
returns have been far better than 'they had ever 'received from other
we advised all our patrons of our action, giving reasons for so doing, etc. We ,
sources in the past Each and every shipment from, these parties, however, fully expected at that time to see a marked improvement within a few days,

did not bring forth satisfactory results. Occasionally shipments met serious but the seige continued from, week to week until along in March. In the
disaster, resulting in partial or total losses. Did these patrons become discouraged -
meantime, of course, occasional sales were being made, but when the fruit
and rush their grievances into the papers of the State? No; they movement again became active we had considerable fruit on hand, much of

had suffered so much more before their connection with the Exchange, and it unsaleable owing to its condition, the most of it: being small black russets,

feeling satisfied that the Exchange was not responsible for the damages, they all more or less decaying. All this caused delays, but it was impossible under

were content to let well enough alone, and recognizing the ability of the Exchange the circumstances to avoid these delays, and while sincerely regretting the

management to care for the interests of its patrons, they"are now inconveniences suffered by many of our patrons, we at the same time.made
firmly resolved to support us solidly i in the future. Some of our critics have
effort relieve the and
every& possible to pressure as rapidly as possible, we are
intimated that the is failure and must be abandoned. also
Exchange a They that its service
confident our system gave patrons a more general satisfactory
new departures. ,Some of these parties do not even know what the
suggest than was derived by growers who did not patronize the Exchange. We are as-
Exchange is, have never given it any:assistance, not even a trial shipment. sured of one fact, and that is, that those patrons who gave us their entire patronageare
Possibly this is why they say it is a failure. Now let us see if the facts we satisfied almost to a unit. With the improved facilities and the additional

have to present will prove it a failure. agencies recently established, we feel confident of giving our patrons even
When the association was organized the promised the .
management service the
greater and more satisfactory during season now opening.
growers that with the united support of the growers themselves, the Florida Fruit

Exchange would accomplish certain results, such as i improved shipping SOME OF THE THINGS WE HAVE ACCOMPLISHED.Before .

facilities, quick transportation, reduced rates, quick sales, prompt returns, ; '
in mind that the Exchange was organized, very many of our growers? seemed
uniform ,prices, etc. Bear these promises were made with the '
almost wholly indifferent.to the necessity for properly gathering, drying and
.full understanding that in order to accomplish success, we should have the
packing their oranges., We have in a great measure accomplished a vast im
The of the
support of the producers. system Exchange was so arranged that
in the method of packing. One of the first moves !inaugurated by
with proper support from the growers all obstacles could have been easily :
distribution of reliable and instructions
the management was explicit on
the needed
Did'the Exchange support from the ?
overcome. growers '
and of These instructions the first intel}
No. the gathering! packing, oranges. } were
ligent information of the kind ever seen by many of our growers, and they
During 1835-6, its first season, the Exchange handled less than ten percent
of the entire crop. '., have proven of incalculable value to many. There is still, however ample
for improvement, but we intend to continue importuning our on
During 1886-7, the second season, the crop aggregated 1,250,000 boxes, room
this most important feature until they fully appreciate the necessity for packing
of which the Exchange handled about fifteen percent. ,
It must be borne in mind that there is a vast difference in the
:, Thus you will see,that the Exchange; did:not. receive the support expected
: were situation at present as compared'with that o'a few years ago. Then there was
of our Yet we asked to..revplutlonlze the entire
growers. orange only thousands. Now we are running up into the millions, and with the increasing
trade. Notwithstanding the opposition met with, both at home and abroad,
supply the trade is becoming more particular in making their'selections -
the managers are not in the least discouraged! ,and considering the many
in than the good fruit, properly packed receiving the preference. .
obstacles placed our path, we are more pleased over success of

the Exchange so far. DISTRIBUTION.
We handled during our second season nearly three times the quantity of
fruit handled during our first season, and we have every reason to believe, Up to the organization of the Exchange very few of the smaller growers

that the present season's business will double that of the season just passed. cared to take the risk their small shipments would have to undergo in reachingthe

Every fruit grower iri' the State will admit that the Exchange passed, i in far Western cities. Again the freight. charges,were so high as to virtually

its infancy, through two of the most disastrous seasons ever experienced i in prohibit their shipping to the West and Northwest. The Exchange sent to

the. State. The freeze of January, 1886, found us only just beginning to-forge Western markets during the past two seasons over 100,000 boxes, which it is

:ahead, and after the season's business was finally wound up we found 'quite a safe to say would have gone to Eastern markets, principally New York,

,satisfactory record so far as net results to our patrons were concerned, but the Boston, Baltimore or Philadelphia, and thereby increase the glut at these

frozen fruit had left us in serious straights financially. 'Ve lost the freighcharges t points, which occurs annually, owing wholly to defective distribution under the old

on nearly every box of the frozen oranges. This of course reduced "scatteration" policy. It is a notable fact that during the last two seasons thee

our small surplus. to a mere nothing. Still we did not propose to give up th : annual gluts at the points named above was not so great as during, previous!

battle; our record so far was'better than we had hoped for and we determined d years when the crop was much lighter. Under the Exchange system, fruit IS

,to;Sinter ,the field on onr second ,season with rene' we'd >vigor. This .we, die sent to Western markets at from 25 cents to .50 cents per box less than,would
and'.'the results show 'gratifying increase in o business. The average nei t be charged on small lots sent by the growers to:the same point.


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-g3 .. '':;", i,; }:.:"''''"''.''" _. :w;:,....., -.; '_ ." ;-:-_",... THE .;,.FLORIDA, ; D.ISPATCH.4! ," .."...N .....::... ......,,,..,...,.[NovErtBER,7I87.; "" ,', __
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Our cars( go through .destination .without! "transfer .(except in case of Out of this Eight Per Cent. we payour selling agents and the" running-

accident,'which is very rare). Where your small .shipment would consume expenses of Exchange.. : : "C
from fifteen to twenty days en route, our cars go through on an average of You will also bear in mind that while our charges are very moderate, we-
five to six days. at'the same time perform far more service than is offered by others at higher

CHANGING DESTINATION. rates. The EIGHT PER CENT secures you reliable telegraphic information,
competent shipping agents to look after the loading in proper cars and for-
We are at all times in position to learn the exact whereabouts of our cars
warding of your fruit, and competent and reliable selling agents at destination -
while in transit often after has reached its destination
Very a car nearly we
besides a guarantee of prompt and correct returns. It has been charged
receive unfavorable from that and the aid of
reports particular point, by a
that it costs more to ship through the Exchange than it does'to ship direct to
special telegram the destination of the car is changed to some more favorable
commission men. This charge you will see from the foregoing is utterly
point. This is an advantage not enjoyed by any individual shipper ,in the devoid of truth. ;
State. We therhfore claim have,far better facilities
justly to transportation to
The above are a few of the many advantages the growers receive in patronizing -
offer than obtain individual efforts
you you can possibly through your or
the Exchange. We stand prepared to improve our present excellent -
other channel. .
through,. any facilities whenever an opportunity for improvement presents itself.,
}Ve;further claim that since the'for ation of the Exchange, prices havebeet l.
:far better on an average than was obtained throughout the two previous The, following is a: list of the points at which the Exchange will place its. ..

seasons when there was much less fruit. to be marketed and the quality of the business during the. ,:present season : .

very: best >, ,New York, Boston. Philadelphia., ,

IRRESPONSIBLE DEALERS. DISAPPEARING. ,. Baltimore, ,., Washington, Richmond. .
Norfolk, .Charleston, Savannah.
\ The Exchange has, in a measure. succeeded '.in, driving from the field Augusta, :Detroit, ,Chattanooga
many of' the irresponsible commission men. Yet these "curbstone': rooks" Memphis '. : ", ,Nashville, Montgomery.

are still very numerous, 'and we are informed almost daily of some of their Birmingham, ., Louisville, .... Cincinnati.

depredations. St.: Louis Lexington, Chicago.
*One thing it is well to mention right here, and that is, why' do not our Kansas City, Peoria, I Milwaukee.

people expose these swindlers ? We have information now on hand relativeto Indianapolis, Cleveland, Buffalo. ,
several growers who were victimized during the past season, yet the victims Minneapolis, St.! Paul, Cedar Rapids.

seem afraid to publish the .proceedings.We In addition to the above, we have other points in view. Thus it will be-
know of several commission firms, both in the East and West, who
that well distribute extensive-
seen we are prepared to our shipments over an
have been heavy receivers of Florida oranges that have failed during the past territory, embracing the most important markets the United States. If
spring and summer, owing some of our growers more or less hard cash, some ,
found necessary, we can and will place our business in every town and hamlet jn
pretty heavy amounts. Yet not a word is breathed on the subject. Some of the land. :'jl'>
these very men 'will be on hand again during the coming season, soliciting .

patronage, selecting, of course, a new' section where they are not known, AGENTS : _
and play the same old game in perfect security. We have looked in vain for
some? mention, of these failures and swindles in the State press. ; -_: Ourselling agents are men' of strict integrity ;; every appointment was
i made bv the general manager in person, after first having carefully investigatedthe
EVERY BOX ACCOUNTED FOR. record, ability, and facilities of each. The Exchange agents have had
4. years of practical experience in the fruit trade, and all have a large run of
The Florida Fruit Exchange has so far rendered account sales for every
custom in and around their respective cities. Their facilities for storing and
box of fruit received, with the exception of the following small lots which
caring for the fruit is first-class in every particular and we are satisfied that so
came to hand without the Exchange stencil and for which no advice from
far as honesty, energy, and ability is concerned, better selections could not
shipper was received, : have been made. Each agent is required to furnish a good and sufficient

'3 boxes oranges. Received Nov. -, 1885. Shipper unknoiji.1s bond signed by two responsible sureties.
cc !)ec. cc .; cc A c(1nvindn.roof'of the stability of our agents lies in the fact that the.Cali-
3 crates cabbage .,: 'Apr 1886: rornia Fruit Union have also selected many of our agents to handle their business.

r'box oranges. Jan., 15, Our New York, Boston, Baltimore, Kansas City and St. Paul agents handle-
8" -: ',."u., ." \Dec. 8" cc the business of the California Fruit Union; This in no wise conflicts with.the
I. cc '.;Feb. 1887. cc '
14 17, interests of our patrons. ,
cc cc cc U
7" 5,
.tt ,l' r ; cc cc t .
i One of the strongest! proofs as to the correctness and wisdom of our
4 crates peaches July 14, methods can be noted in the various new organizations being formed throughout -

These lots were sold by us and returns are on hand awaiting' owners., the State, nearly every one of which have adopted more or less of the-
Parties .claiming the above must send copy of their' shipping receipts or bill plans of the Florida Fruit Exchange. Every Qne of these new associations

of lading to prove identity, when, if found correct,- the account sales with advocate a union of the producers, concentration and systematic distribution.

check will,be forwarded promptly.OVERCHARGES. Nearly every article appearing in the State press recommends the same identi-
cal features. All this is but 'a practical endorsement of the Exchange and its

AND SHORTAGE.One system; they all seek the same ends, but we are not seeking to antagonize any

of the 'great benefits our patrons have so far derived through the op- of these organizations as they all are apparently endeavoring to advance the
erations of the Exchange is the protection against overcharges in freight interests of the growers. We have as yet, however, to see an association.that
and loss of fruit in transit. The amount saved in the item of excess freights we consider superior to the Florida Fruit Exchange. We earry the prestigeof
seniority, experience and the success attending us thus far, justifies us in
Alone during the past two years will foot up into the thousands. VJien a
shipment is overcharged the Exchange assumes the responsibility of collecting the claiming superiority as to ability for practical good management. The Exchange -

amount of the excess, charging only the correct freight on the shipper's account sales. is no longer an experiment, we have clearly demonstrated the feasibility -
of our system, and under it we are slowly, but surely gaining ground
If any portion of a shipment is lost in transit the Exchange pays the shipper ,
for said loss on the basis of the sale of balance of shipment and presents its and if the organizers of the new associations are so very anxious to secure a
claim to the transportation lines for investigation and reimbursement.THE reliable system through which to market their fruit, why do they hold aloof
from the Exchange? If they now see the necessity for unity and a system

EXCHANGE RESPONSIBLE. similar to that of the Florida Fruit Exchange, why do they not come forward
\ and lend us their aid? By their present actions they are simply crippling and
When a shipment reaches any of our forwarding agents, and its receipt. retarding the success, not only of the Exchange, but of themselves. As the
acknowledged, from that moment the Exchange becomes reponsible to the shipper
time approaches for marketing each season's crop, a thousand and one.new
until rendered. We stand between the and
account sales have been shipper any
plans are suggested, many ridiculously impracticable, and all differing-new
losses the defalcation of Thus do
,' that may occur through our agents. you associations formed here and there, only to die out in a few days or weeks.
,not,.look to the selling agents, but to the Exchange. home institution. Will such work as this bring about the desired results? We think not, it only

COMMISSIONS. serves to bewilder and confuse the growers. In the meantime, the growersare
suffering, the State is suffering, the value of our most important productis
Commencing October i, 1887, the commission charged will be EIGHT deteriorating, and if this state of affairs continues until the annual produc-
PER CENT. This you will note is a reduction of twenty per. cent. from last tion reaches five to ten million boxes, what will the harvest be?!> We fear it

season's charges, which were ten per cent. means utter ruin to the great mass of Florida growers. The crop of 1887-8,
'- Remember our commission is only EIGHT PER CENT. We do not charge will aggregate 1,500,000 (one and a half million) boxes. Barring acc de tJihe

double commission, as has been asserted by some of the"curbstone crooks." crop of 1888will, : reach 3,000,000 (three million. ) boxes. In consider-<

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ing'this it must also be remembered that we have competition from the Mediterranean this in a proper and creditable manner, we' reiterate the average grower has
and California. Do our growers believe that they can fight these his hands full. Consequently he has not the time, even if he has the means,
competitors successfully on the basis of every man for himself? It cannot be to look up markets for his products and keep track of market fluctuations,
done. Organization is necessary, and the time for union is more than ripe at overcharges, shortage, damages, etc. Hence, he must have some reliable
the present moment. channel through which to market his crop.
a One and all acknowledge the necessity for a union of the growers and a \
OUR NEW CHARTER. system for the proper distribution of the crops. The Exchange claims to

When the Florida Fruit ,Exchange was organized itS capital stock was have the, proper system, and every man familiar with its objects and methods
fixed at fifty thousand dollars, divided into five hundred shares of the par agree that it is on the correct principle, and it is bound to succeed with
value of one hundred dollars each. Having been incorporate under the the proper management and a proper support on the part of the grow-
'General.Incorporation Act of the State of Florida, which requires that no ers.Ve now ask the Florida growers and business men' to come for
:share of any stock company formed under this law shall be valued at less than ward and subscribe ,as far as their means will permit. One share entitles the
one hundred dollars, we could not, of course, place our shares at a lower fig- holder to an equal voice in the management of the association. Here is an
ure than one hundred dollars, although the subscribers have never been opportunity for those who do not seem to think the company is being properly conducted -
I'' called upon to pay more han ten pet cent. of the value of their shares. to come in and take a hand in the management. The present officers and
Much dissatisfaction was manifested, particularly among the smaller managers are by no means disposed to ride rough shod over the wishes of the
on account of the high figure at which the stock was held, they parties interested. We consider ourselves virtually servants of the people,
) claiming that; this alone practically debarred them from membership in tha and as such invite their co-operation: and advice.
It/ association? as they could not or did not care to assume such a liability. Notwithstanding -
the Exchange did not expect to call for more than ten per cent.
\ of the amount subscribed, they nevertheless felt themselves liable to be calledon our growers are interested in the question of successfully marketingthe
at any time for the balance. Recognizing the necessity of having each orange crop, our business men are none the less interested, for to the
,and every grower personally interested in the Exchange, the Board of Di- merchants. Florida success or disaster to the orange crop is a matter of very
rectors decided to introduce the subject to the stockholders. In the mean-
grave importance; the orange crop is the source from whence their principal
,time many other items of greater or less importance were daily coming before revenue is derived, and it is of vital importance that our merchants should devote -
the management, which called for immediate action towards an improvementin a small portion of their time and means in helping towards a solution of
our system. It was found that the old charter was not sufficiently liberal. the existing complications and the promotion of the orange interests. Our
The directors therefore introduced a resolution at the last annual meeting of real estate agents and land owners generally are in position, to judge the sit-
the stockholders in which the members were informed fully.as to the existing
uation fully; they can no doubt form a more correct estimate than any other
difficulties. 4' class of business men as to the ultimate, results of marketing a valuable crop
After fully discussing the question, the members, by a unanimousvote of oranges in the old hap-hazzard style. Business men in all branches of
empowered the Board of Directors to have a new charter drawn up, which trade, who will give the subject a monent's thought, will promptly acknowl-
would increase the capital stock, reduce the cost of shares to ten dollars each edge the necessity for an association such as the Florida Fruit Exchange.We .
and otherwise enlarge the powers of the association, the charter to be sub- therefore ask the business men of the State to give us their moral and
mitted to the Legislature of the- State with request that the same be financial support. In doing this they will be simply performing a duty they not
granted.In only owe tQ'themselves but also to the State at large. We all remember the
accordance with these instructions, a new charter was duly drafted, time when Florida lands were considered of but little value; to-day the same
submitted. to the Legislature, was granted and b.ecame a law. land commands from $5 per acre to sums running up into the thousands.
We beg to call your attention to a copy of this new charter appearing What has brought about this great increase in value? Has not the orange
herein. You will note that same is far more comprehensive than; the old crop of the State enhanced the value of your lands far beyond your most
charter: copy of which is also appended. Among the many privileges em- sanguine hopes? Then is it not proper that we take steps to protect so valuable -
braced in the new charter, you will observe the following : I a crop by providing a system through which to dispose of it to a fair
1st. It permits an increase of the capital stock from $50,000 to a sum not advantage. .
exceeding $300,000.2d. .
It permits the Exchange to offer its stock. to the growers and others A WORD FOR THE EXCHANGE OFFICERS.The .

interested, at the low sum of ten dollarsper: share, thus placing it within the I officers and directors are but human, and consequently liable to err
reach of of each and every grower in the State to- secure membership and at times, but we very rarely commit the same error the second ti ne. We have,
have& an equal voice in the management of the company.3d. to the best of our ability, endeavored to profit by the experience of the past
It permits lIlt Exchange to make cash advances to the growers,on their&onsi'gnmellls. two years; and have provided for the coming season such additional facilities
as in our judgment is necessary, and we feel justified in guaranteeing our pat-
SUBSCRIPTIONS TO THE CAPITAL STOCK. rons a much better service than we have yet offered. We have faithfully and
honestly endeavored in the past to protect the interests of our patrons as far
Now that the capital stock is increased, the cost of shares reduced to ten as lay in our power. It is only too true that we have had much to contend
dollars, and the powers of the association otherwise extended, it is necessarythat with, and even our most bitter opponents will admit that our position is no
funds be provided with which to push forward the improvements we havein sinecure. Our President, Vice-President, and Board of Directors have cheerfully -
view. It is not generally known that the only cash assistance in the way of given their time and labor free of charge, and in so doing very often sacri--
:subscriptions to stock the Exchange has received so far, is the first ten percent ficed their individual interests. The General Manager, Secretary and Auditor
installment on the capital stock, amounting to $5,000. Many friendsof being the only salaried officers, feel somewhat as if they are paid to be
the Exchange have wondered how? the association managed to accomplishso abused, but they have nevertheless worked faithful early and late in looking
much with such small financial aid. Our success thus far is due to judicious after the welfare of their employers-the fruit growers. On the whole, we
management and a determination to succeed, and, all things considered, we do not think any set of men, under similar circumstances and with limited
have been eminently successful. We have an established patronage now, means; could have rendered more efficient service, or accomplished better
which, without other assistance, would enable us to carry on our business from ,
year to year; but it is the many, not the few, we are seeking to benefit. results.The commission men have generally opposed and some have fought the
We are now desirous of enrolling every grower in the State.. We are Exchange bitterly from its birth, and a majority of the Florida fruit growers
prepared to place our stock in circulation, and in soliciting your subscriptionswe have, by their patronage, furnished the commission men with the necessary
beg to remind you that all moneys subscribed is to be used solely in ad- ammunition, with which to carry on their campaign against the Exchange.Some .
vancing the interests of our producers. The funds are to be employed in mak-- of these very same growers having become dissatisfied with their com
ing cash advances to shippers, providing packing houses, storage facilities,furnish- mission men are now loudest in denouncing them and criticising the Ex
ing box material, wraps, etc.; in fact the management stands prepared to take change--demanding something new," with the probable expectation, in due
up any new features that may be recommended from time to time, provided, time, of bombarding the "something'new" in turn. .
of course, such features are feasible and calculated to assist the aims of the Fruit growers will do well to remember that the Exchange is not a commission t
association and welfare of its patrons. house, but a home institution, and managed and controlled by the


is unnecessary to remind the Florida growers and business men that i
tiurorange crop is by far the most important and most valuable crop produced by theState. growers decline to patronize the Exchange on the grounds that
they have special arrangements with favorite dealers who have been handling
Past experience has only too plainly demonstrated the necessity for unityof their fruit successfully for years, etc. While we cannot blame these growersfor
action among our producers. Expert business men throughout this and not wishing to sever such desirable connections, we, at the same time, begto
other States who have given the matter much thought, have pronounced but remind them that their crops as well as the crops? of all other growers are
'one verdict, and that is in favor of union and concentration. The average steadily increasing, and while their existing arrangements may answer for
grower has, generally, his hands full in the management of his grove, the their present crop, the time is coming when they will have more fruit than
gathering of his crops" and the ,assorting. and, packing of same. To' do all their favorites can handle. They should also remember that their !"pet"
1. '" t" I




L 's 934_.. .... .. .. ._.._._..,._...... .. ... _.,.,.-_-u -. .FLORIDA DISPATCH... : : .T..e .: q [NOVEMBER 7,1887.; .
'. ,', .' h1 1'-" *.,'1:'
markets e are, .as open to Tom, Dick and Harry as to them, and they can We earnestly recommend that the Florida growers mark their fruit in accordance -
rest assured that sooner or later these gentlemen will loom up as active,ccm- ( with this plan.,
petitors to,claim a share of the patronage hitherto considered exclusive.A It will be borne in mind that under this new method the identity of the '
:ontents of a box is not lost, as the number of oranges in the box i is to ap-
PERTINENT QUESTION.One pear on same in addition to the lettering, as explained above. ..
Parties using private stencils or brands can place same on the opposite
of the principal arguments advanced by commission men to induce md of box.
shipment is the claim that they can get from fifty cents to one dollar per 8th. In shipping Mandarins and Tangierines, pack the fruit in half
box more'for your fruit than you could realize from 8. sale through the Ex- *>ores.Iany growers cut the standard box in half lengthwise, then strap the
change. Now, admitting that the sales by commission men would obtain
gross ::wo halves together when packed. Some growers very fancy prices
average $3.00 or even $4.00 per box, at ten per cent commission they would for: their Mandarins and Tangierines, while many others having the same
receive thirty cents to forty cents per box. (Our leaders will' understand that grade of fruit, often fail to secure more than is being realized on ordinary
we are allowing extreme figures, as we do not believe their average gross sales ruit.: This difference is all due to the style of packing and packages. Shippers -
would exceed$2.50.) If, as these commission men claim, they can get from securing fancy prices take special pains in the selection and packing of .
fifty cents to one dollar per box more than is realized by the Exchange why do their; fruit. Unless ,extra care is exercised in the putting up of this fruit,
they not attend the Exchange sales and purchase their supply and thus 1.you cannot expect to receive fancy prices. '
pocket this difference of fifty cents to one dollar themselves? That is much 9th. All growers should endeavor to avoid, as far as possible, the \.
more profitable than selling for the grower at a profit of only thirty to forty shipment of green and imperfect fruit. A few years ago the windfalls
cents. md culls" brought paying prices, for the simple reason that there was, -
Possibly tJieir conscientious scruples will not permit of their pocketing such I comparatively speaking, only a limited quantity of this grade of fruit. We /
enormous:profits:at the poor grower's expense. ]must remember, however, that of late years the crop has steadily increased, ;
INSTRUCTIONS. md the supply of strictly good fruit is now becoming amply sufficient to '
,: PACKING fill ordinary demands ; hence, ,the shipment of thousands of boxes of "drops,"
Ist;' Oranges should be cut from the stem, not pulled. Before'packing, "culls" and inferior fruit simply aids in depressing markets, and interferes
the fruit should be thoroughly dried, then assorted according to size, color and seriously with the sale of good fruit. While, the Exchange will, of course,
quality. Reject all bruised atid imperfect fruit. ]handle any and, all fruit consigned to it, we at the same time desire our
2d.; Use only the Standard Box, which measures 12x12x27 inches, with I growers to understand that the shipment of inferior fruit is neither profitable
'partition in the centre. Every box should be securely strapped at both ends, i[ to the grower nor creditable to the State.
and in the -
also centre. FALSE PACKING.
3d. All oranges should be neatly wrapped in tissue paper.. Our expe- '
rience convinces us that wrapping is very necessary, and it enhances the value During past two seasons, several complaints were received from our
of the fruit; at least 25 'cents per box. :agents regarding false packing. Many shipments were returned to them by
4th. When, the'fruit has been properly dried, assorted and wrapped, it 1 the buyers marked Bright" and Fancy," which, on being examined, were
should be packed neatly and firmly in the boxes. Do not dump the fruit j found to be mostly russet and inferior fruit. Also many shipments were
into the boxes carelessly. Pack close and finn, so that the fruit will not have j found to be marked as containing 176 fruit." When same were examined,
room to tumble about in the boxes and get bruised. During the past two seasonswe 1 the contents were found to be 112 to 128 fruit. This is what we term false
have handled many shipments that were loosely and: improperly packed. ]packing. These misleading marks on a box deceive the buyers for that time
Some lots,for instance; of ten boxes, when received by the Exchange, were j only, as the purchasers of our fruit know fully as much, and sometimes more
so carelessly packed that we considered it absolutely necessary, to repack. ;about it, than those who grow it. And they are rarely deceived the second
When properly packed these shipments would often l lose from two to three I time, as they make it a point to keep a sharp lookout for the brands once carrying -
boxes, the shrinkage being caused bp carelessness on the part of the shipper. : improper marks, and they will only buy with the understanding that if,
By this method ofl loose packing, the grower actually throws away the mate- :after: a thorough examination, the contents are not found to be as represented,
rial of from two to three boxes out of. every ten-box shipment, besides paying the: frait will be returned to the selling agent. Of course a mistake will sometimes -
freight ten boxes, when, if the shipment was properly packed before start- occur in marking the contents of a box. Shippers should be careful in
ing, he would only have to pay on seven or ,eight boxes. putting up shipments to avoid errors of this kind.
5th. One of the most important features in the packing of oranges is the
uniform neatness of the packages. Buyers will pay more for fruit that is SHIPPING' INSTRUCTIONS. ,
neatly and properly packed, than they will pay for such as is carelesslyput ist. Our stencils are all numbered. Each shipment is identified by its
up. A box of oranges neatly packed, strapped and marked naturally stencil number. We keep a record of each stencil, with the full name and
attracts the attention of buyers. There numbers.
address of the owner. are no duplicate
6th. Never pack bright and rusty fruit in the same box. Fruit to be 2d. Our stencils bear no destination. This is not necessary, as all
classed bright must be strictly bright, ,with no cloudy or dark spots what transportation lines in the State know where our agencies are located, and
ever.Fruit they deliver our consignments in accordance with special instructions furnished
classed as fancy should be extra bright, with very smooth, thin them by the Exchange management. Our reason for omitting destination is-
skin. Rough, thick-skinned fruit, be it ever so bright.. ; should never be that we do not know to what point a shipment is to be sent until the day it is
classed as fancy. received, then it is forwarded to the market from whence the most favorable
Fruit partially bright, that is, having rusty spots, should class as bright reports have been received that day: /
russets.During 3d. The receiving and forwarding agencies of the Exchange are located.
the past season much fruit was classed "Golden Russet" and at Jacksonville, Gainesville and Baldwin. Shipments from the line of the SU
"Bright Russet," while the fruit was simply an ordinary, often a common gradeof Johns River, Jacksonville, Tampa and Key West Railway, Jacksonville,* SL .
russett. Shippers should be careful in grading their fruit, and see that it is Augustine and Halifax River Railway, and tributaries thereto, will be deliveredat -
properly classified, as it is, extremely disagreeable to have buyers claiming re- Jacksonville. .
bates, or returning fruit on account si false packing. Shipments from the line of the Florida Southern Railway, and tributaries;
Russet fruit of best desirable size and color with smooth .
and most good thereto, will be delivered at Gainesville. -
thin, skin, should class as choice russet. Shipments from the line of the Florida Railway and Navigation Com-
7th. After your fruit has been carefully packed as per above instructions, pany's system, and tributaries thereto, will be delievered at Baldwin.
please mark the boxes as fdllows : Place the stencil of the Florida Fruit Ex- 4th. Shippers are requested to use their own discretion in selecting routes,.
change on one end of the box. or lines, by which to reach either of the three points named above. Ship-
In the upper left hand corner of box stencil the quality of the 'fruit- ments can be sent to the Exchange either by freight or express, as shippers
Fancy, Choice, Bright, Russet, Mandarin, Tangierine, Navel, etc. deem best. '
In tbe upper middle of the box stencil the number of .oranges the box 5th. Always take duplicate receipts or bills'of lading from transportationlines t
contains" 128," 176," 200," etc. for your shipments. Retain the original receipt, and send ':the
In the upper right hand corner'stencil the lel according' to,the' follow- duplicate to the Exchange by mail, if possible, on the date the shipment is
ing schedule:: ;,: started, This is the only notif cation of shipment we require. Postal card
All sizes under 128, mark A.. : : 'i '.: ',,1. V.Sizes .: '' acknowledgements will be sent for each shipment as received.6th. .
128 to 138, mark.B."f., ; .' Let the number of your stencil appear on all shipping receipts or bills
146 to 160, mark C. ,.t '', :-": .. ."" ,", of lading. This is ,very important and should not be overlooked, as the trans-
176 to 200, mark'D. '-:' .*'}J, ,;;* >> portation lines way-bill all shipments by stencil numbers.
All sizes over 200, mark E. ,.' ; 7th. Do not use borrowed stencils.' Before sending shipments to the Exchange
In explanation of above we will state; ,that ow'ng-to! the.enormous proportions we prefer that the shipper first secure one of our stencils with shipping
our crop of oranges is assuming, we find it'aosoluteJy.necessary thata instructions. We have experienced considerable trouble in the past owing to
system be adopted which will in a measure condense the-almost innumerable shippers using borrowed stencils, and we earnestly request that this practice.
sizes into a smaller space, thereby enabling dealers and buyers alike. to be,discontinued in the future. ..
handle the fruit more expeditiously. 8th. Write to A. M. Ives, general manager, at Jacksonville, Fla.JorTHE







NOVEMBER.. 1887.] \i. ,, .. "..:.,,;...".:"U,,,,.,-.. .;:. <-. -THE FLORIDA DISPATCH. .... .c ,;,."...,. .".. .,. ...'-.... ...._"_'.,. ,. ,. ..,.. '*935 :

----------- ---- -
: "
4 f I Jt'
stencil and shipping instructions. The Exchange stencil with instructions i in good order. Refrigerator cars have, however, sa far proven-a very effective
will be furnished to all growers free of cost. Write your name and address safeguard, and with few exceptions we have used these cars to.excellent.advah-
plainly, so as to avoid errors. :age.'Ve make the above explanation for the information oi our patrons, as

9th. Any growers wanting extra stencils, such as Bright, Russet, Fancy, nany: of them last season did not seem to understand why these. cars. were
Navel, Mandarin, Tangierine and the numbering stencils, etc., can have their used. r
orders filled by applying to the general manager. These stencils will cost AUXILIARY ASSOCIATIONS. .
one and a half cents per letter. All orders should be accompanied by the cashto ::1
cover cost of same. Remit either in cash, postal l note or stamps. We The Exchange recommends the formation of local fruit grower associations
undertake to fill these orders solely as a matter of accommodation to tht 1 in the several orange producing sections of the State. Organize, elect)

growers. The price quoted is the actual cost price; we therefore hope that in :your presidents, vice-presidents, secretaries and other officers., Let these
ordering you will not forget the remittance, as it is impossible to keep track of I officers be instructed to communicate with the officers of the Exchange witha
these small amounts, and we do not care to deduct cost of stencils out of proceeds ; view toward perfecting arrangements for securing such a system as will
of shipments.loth. prove mutually acceptable. These several local organizations with the proper
Do not use old weatherstained boxes that have been knocked about management, and having one grand head centre, can arrange for the distribution
your premises since the previous season. Use only bright clean boxes. In of all important and reliable information from time to .time. as will
order to avoid any waste of box material, we would, recommend that any enable all to overlook,'the.situation intelligently.
material left over at the close of a season be stored where it can be kept.clean *
jr .
f.I and dry for use the next season. Shabby weather stained boxes do not improve CONCLUSION. *. ,
the value of their contents. -
All that is needed to secure satisfactory freight rates, and upifo itpay-

\r NON-SUBSCRIBERS' PATRONAGE. ing prices, is that the growers unite and organize so as to control the marketingof
; i their own produce. The Florida fruit business is yet 1Q ,fits> infancy com-

'It-r-is not necessary that the grower should be a stockholder in .order to pared to what it will be five to'ten years hence, and if yon do; not prganizeand
ship to the Exchange. Shipments from non-subscribers_ will receive the same adopt a. system now, how much harder will it be to organize,Jive or, ten.

tare and attention as will shipments from members. The Exchange was not .years, hence. .. I
organized for speculative purposes. but as a medium for securing benefit to all If with the five to ten hundred thousand boxes shipped d.unng'eacfi.season .
growers. for the past three years, markets have been ruinously.glutte&:l y do. you .,
suppose they will stand Jive to ten million boxes, five to ten-years hen .et'lf the
FRUIT TO BE SOLD ON ITS MERITS. old-haphazard method of shipping continues, that old method:'whichin\\ past
has arrayed the that another.* "t f
practically produce of one grower against of
Each and lot of fruit will be sold on its individual mm"ts.Ve
every Long before the five to ten years have come to pass new markets must
may forward ten or twenty different lots in one car, yet when that car reaches be worked, up.. How is this to 'be done, if there is no recognized system or
destination, the fruit is unloaded, and assorted according to stencil numbers, head to the business? It is true that the larger growers may ,be'irjla'lwsition) : '
and each lot placed so that it can be thoroughly inspected by the purchasers, to accomplish more 'or less in their own individual interests, but what.is lie
and every lot is sold on its own merits. Good fruit, properly packed, will small grower to do? He can't afford to be shut out, and still less'ouiji&afibrd, '
invariably command the readiest sales and highest prices. Poor fruit, im- to make a tour around the world, for the purpose of finding a 'market for his
properly packed, like an inferior or shabby article in any class of merchandise, small crop of from one hundred to one thousand. boxes.. 'These'are Vital
cannot be expected to Compare favorably with a good, sound ,article properlyput questions to every grower. The possibilities mentioned above-.:iare bdundvto
up. We therefore again earnestly request. you to pack your fruit in come. and within the time specified; ;and it is a duty every grower owes to
accordance with our instructions. Many growers will do this, others will not. himself to provide-for the future now, while the opportunity is, ripe; and'inclosing
The latter class must bear in,mind that their fruit will not compare favorably we again invite the co-operation of every grower in Flower... ,'
side side with that of responsible .
when placed by packers. ', ; )*i
ERRORS. ,> v'.l> .
Article The of the shall be the Florida Fruit' Exchange
i. name corporation -
liable in line of business
Mistakes are to occur any no matter how well '
and its principal.place of business shall be Jacksonville Fla ,.
regulated it may be.Ve have made mistakes in the past, and it is probablethat J
Article 2. The general nature of the business to be transacted t $shall be
some mistakes will occur in.the future. Now, if you find anything wrongin
to receive, prepare, distribute, and provide for,the transportation and sale. of
your dealings with the Exchange do not down and abuse us to your
lemons, and other fruits and perishable products. ;. ; sArticle ..
oranges ; .ssJg
neighbors, but write to the management, and you can rest assured that your
3. The amount of the capital stock shall Jbe fixed atfifty-thousaVd
complaint will receive prompt attention; and if an error has occurred the same
dollars to be divided into five hundred shares of hundred.dollars each
one ; ,
corrected. Our books the
will be are always open for inspection by patrons of
of which shall be in
the of
the Exchange.In ten per cent. paid on organization thescompanyand
the remainder the Directors : 'I''l
writing to the Exchange regarding irregularities in your account sales, as may require.
Article 4. The commencement of the corporation shall be this, the 5th
or inquiring about shipments, always your stencil numbers, and give
day of February, 1885, and it shall continue in existence for fifty '. '
correct date of shipment, etc. This will help us to correct any errors, and .
insure prompt replies. Article 5. The officers of the company shall be a President, VicePresident -
you Secretary, Treasurer and Auditor, and board of'nine directors; of which
NO LOCAL CHARGES ON THROUGH SHIPMENTS. board the president and vice-president shall be members. Such officers'shall
< be elected on the nth: day of March, 1885, and on the first Tuesday in February -
It will cost the growers no additional expense in shipping to the Exchangeat .. in every year thereafter. : '
Gainesville, Baldwin Jacksonville, the transportation lines charging.the Article 6. The highest amount of indebtedness .shall not'exceed ten
same rate to these points as is allowed them by the through rates; or, in,other thousand dollars. S .

words, their charges for matter consigned to the Exchange is precisely the .
same as their proportion of the through rates. '.'. '


When a shipment is sent to the Exchange, the shipper, of course, understands An 'Act Incorporate, and Enlarge the Powers of the Florida Fruit Ex-
that the disposition of same is left entirely to the discretion of the man change. "?v ,. '

agement. When, however, a shipper wishes his fruit to be forwarded to any Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida : ". S .

particular destination, his wishes will be complied with whenever it is practicable Section i. The Florida Fruit Exchange, organized undertake general laws: .
provided the Exchange has an agency at the point to which he wisheshis
of Florida, is recognized as .a corporate body by that .name, the officers
fruit sent. In cases of this kind the shipper must notify us two or three whereof will hold their several offices until superseded according to law and
days before the shipment is started. It is to the interest of the growers, how- the by-laws already adopted by said corporation. ,. V
ever, to leave the selection of destinations entirely to the decision of the man Sec. 2. The said Florida Fruit Exchange is empowered to sueand; be

agement of the. Exchange. sued, to have a common seal, to contract for, purchase, ,sell' and copv i.real

REFRIGERATOR CARS. and personal property, including vehicles of trans ortation.of persons ,and
property; to lease or erect warehouses, wharves, buildings and other'convenient -
During :the [winter months fruit sent to the Western and. Northwesterncities places for its business; to contract and be contracted with through: its
is forwarded in refrigerator cars. These cars are iced before being for- authorized agents ; to make advances on fruit and'other products;' to receivein
warded in order to reduce the temperature to a degree corresponding some- store and manage the shipment or forwarding by land or water of such
what with the climate into which the fruit is to be sent. If fruit be forwardedin products as may be received for that purpose; to purchase, manpfacture; : and
ordinary freight cars to the far West during the winter months the chancesare sell such material and supplies as may be required by fruit growers;.farmers
that the contents will be frozen in transit. Even with the precautions we, and gardeners; and to transact such other business as may be deemed/or the

use in the shape of refrigerator cars the fruit is occasionally injured somewhat; interests of stockholders, and others connected with fruit ;growing,and.other.
as the weather at times is'so severe that it is almost impossible to get fruit through agricultural pursuits. #




r .
: '

,".., ,,_. .. ,j '.' ,", '
, Sec. 3. The capital stock of the Florida Fruit Exchange, may be extendedby aries. or compensations for their services, and shall provide the necessary facil-
a vote of the Board of Directors to a sum. not exceeding three hundred ities for the transaction of the business of the company. .
thousand, dollars.'J' The Directors may, at their discretion, assign the duties of the General
Sec 4* The shares of the capital stock shall be ten dollars each, and Manager to the President, or any other officer of the Corporation, or choose
the holder of each share shall be entitled to a vote at any election held by some other person for that position.
the stockholders. A majority of the votes cast at any election shall determine. The Directors' shall designate three of their number to act as an Execu-
Sec. s. Persons holding certificates or shares of stock heretofore issuedat tive Committee, of which committee the President shall be ex-officio chairman.
the par value of one huudred dollars each, may surrender their certificatesto This committee shall meet on Wednesday of every week at the office of
the President or Secretary of the Board of Directors, and shall be entitledin the Exchange, shall examine the books, confer with the officers and General
lieu thereof to new certificates of shares equal to the amount paid on suchcertificates Manager, and shall give such directions as from time to time may be neces-
so surrendered. Such new certificates may be issued by the sary, subject to the approval l of the full Board of Directors at the next regular
President and Secretary. % meeting. .
Sec.. 6. Certificates of stock shall be issued to persons admitted as mem- Article 5. In addition to the customary duties indicated by their official
bers upon payment of the face value of the stock to the Treasurer.Sec. names, the President and Vice-President of the Exchange shall render such
7. At all elections by, and at all meetingsof, the stockholders, one- services as may be required of them by the Board of Directors.
tenth of the- total number: of shares sold shall constitute a quorum for the Article 6. The Secretary shall keep an accurate record of all the proceedings .
transaction of business ; and stockholders may attend and vote in person or :. of the Stockholders and of the Directors; shall have the custody by j proxy. ", all books and papers of the Exchange, and shall keep accurate accounts of all
Sec 8: The officers of the corporation shall be a President, a Vice- its transactions, and shall perform such other clerical duties as may from time
President,, a General Manager, a Secretary, a Treasurer, an Auditor, and a to time be deemed necessary.
Board 6T. fifteen/Directors, of which the President and Vice-President shall Article 7. The Treasurer shall receive and disburse the moneys of the 1
be members Ohe-third of such Directors shall constitute a quorum for the Corporation, shall sign all checks, orders, drafts or demands for the payment '
transaction business after due notice of a meeting. The Board of Directors of money, and shall make all payments, sign all notes, acceptances and other
shall t beretected annually by the stockholders on the second Wednesday evidences of indebtedness, and make a report at the annual meeting of his doings
in May,'"and if no election shall be had at the annual meeting, the incumbent and shall perform such other duties as may from time to time become
may hqtd:until an election may: be had at a subsequent meeting. All other necessary as the chief financial officer'of the Exchange. '
officers mentioned may be elected by the Board of Directors, who may also I Before entering upon the duties of the office he shall execute a good and
fill any,yacancies in the Board of Directors that may occur. sufficient bond for such sum as the Board of Directors shall determine for the
Sen,' 9. The duties of the several officers,may be prescribed by the Boardof faithful performance of his trust.
DirectQrs.in their by-laws of resolutions duly recorded !in the books of the Article 8. The Auditor shall examine all accounts, invoices, returns for
Secretary. sale of fruit and all other evidences of indebtedness, and no moneys shall be
SexJ.' to. The Florida Fruit Exchange is authorized to hold and provide paid by the Treasurer except on. his certification of the correctness of the de
for thatohe! end management ,of public} fairs and other exhibitions of,produce mand.The .
Machinery, or manufactured articles, and for such purposes to join Auditor shall make a report, under oath, semi-annually to the Boardof
with s\J other associations or individuals but shall not join with such other Directors, and a yearly report, under oath, at the annual meeting of Stock-
associations, or individuals, unless authorized by a majority of the Directors.Sec holders. ,
/t r. The principal offices of the corporation shall in the City of Jack Article 9. Dividends of the earnings of the company may be declared by
sonvilte.until some other place shall be designated by the Directors. the Board of Directors when, in heir judgment, the 'Affairs of the companywill
Additional) offices and places of business may be designated by theBoard justify; but in no case shall such dividend be made until all indebtednessshall
of Directors. be provided for.
,Se4.; (*2. This act shall take 'effect immediately upon its approval by theGovernor. The stock transfer: books of the Exchange shall be closed ten days previous -
.' to the payment of such dividend.
i: Article 10. These ByrLaws may be amended at any regular meeting of
., BYLAWS OF THE FLORIDA FRUIT. EXCHANGE. the Board of Directors by a two-thirds vote, two weeks. previous notice having
been given. ,
:Article i. Each Stockholder shall be entitled to a certificate or certificatesof ':
stock signed by the President and Treasurer for the shares held by him. ,
*-The shares of the Florida Fruit Exchange may: be transferred when so desired -: MEMBERS.
on the surrender to the Secretary of the stock certificate properly endorsed Ambler, D G ': . .. *. Duval county. . 10 shares.
.:;'*lten.a new certificate shall be issued; provided that no shares shall Armstrong, J I. . .St. Johns county . 2 "
.,be1lJ ransferred; until .all assessments thereon shall have been paid. ,Alvord, N. . . .. Putnam county . i "
certificate or certificates may be issued on special order of the Board Adams, Lance . : Volusia county . i "
Directors in place of the certificate or certificates lost or destroyed, on"satisfactory Abrams, A St. Clair . Lake county . i "
proof being made of such loss or destruction, and receiving adequate Atwood, E C v '. . : Volusia county i "
security: indemnify the company:: :against any loss consequent upon the issue Anderson, John i: . Volusia county ." . i "
of such new' certificate or certificates. Allan, T T. ':, '. ; Volusia county . i n
Article 2. Each Stockholder shall be entitled to one vote at the meetingof Bean, 'E. ,. . . Duval county : iBurbridge ittt 4
the,company for each share of the stock held by him, whether he appearsin J Q. . . Duval county .. .2
person or by proxy, made under written authority, to be filed with the Sec- Barrs, A \V. '. . Duval county.. . 2 "
retary; .Provided, That the person appointed. as proxy shall ,himself be a Stockholder Baer, B ?\I. ; .. ,. Duval county . .10 "
in the company. Bradley Fertilizer-:Co .. Duval county. . 5 tttt
Article 3. Special meetings of the Stockholders shall be called by the Bury & Anderson< '--.' '<. . Duval county .. ., .-.2
President: at such times as the Board of Directors may order, or on request, Burton & Harrison; ":. .' .. Putnam county . ,i "
in writing, of persons holding a.majority of the stock. Burrin, T J. . . Bradford county . i "
Notice of such meeting shall be given in accordance with the provisions Bailey, SA. . . Bradford county . i "
of Section 10, of Chapter 34, McClellan's Digest of the Laws of Florida. Bryan, A B. . : . Bradford county . i "
Article, 4. The Directors shall be Stockholders, and shall be elected by Boothe, Geo W .;...., . Orange county . i ttIt
ballot at the annual meeting, and shall hold their offices for one year and un- Beed, Knox & Beed ,. . Volusia county . 2
til their successors are elected and duly installed. Vacancies in the Board of Bailey, H B . ,,. :'. Putnam county . 2 "
Directors shall be filled by the Directors, the appointment to continue until Bacon S H. . .r ., : Putnam county i it
the next meeting of the Stockholders.At Bailey, N & Son. . .. Putnam county . 1 "
the first election, and at all annual elections thereafter, fifteen Directors Beach, A J. . . Putnam county I tt
shall be chosen first. The Stockholders may then proceed to the election of Bailey, N A. . . Alachua county. . I "
the other officers provided for in the articles of incorporation, or they may del- Brown, CM .. .,. .' Marion county . 2 tt
egate the choice of such; officers to the Board of Directors. The Directors Bullock, Robert . Marion county . 1 itit
shall hold a regular meeting on the first Wednesday of each month at the office Buckelew, J D. . .' Marion county . 1 '
.of the company. They shall carefully examine the books of the Corporation, Bradley & Butler .. .,; ." .;: Marion county . .' I 'tt -
and shall from time to time indicate to the Stockholders and to the public the Bennett, U M '; !"'. : .. . Volusia'county . ..: ; : J ft
policy to be pursued by the Corporation; the general...purposes and objects of Bigelow, J G "L .,. ." ':; :.. ....''.._. ':'-'---. Volusia; county' '". :,3X .., 1 "
the Corporation being understood to be to arrange in the most effective man- Bigelow, J E. *.. ,' '. ; v:: ,'v-*'. Volusia county .. ;! .. 1 ; tt
ner for the proper preparation: for market and for speedy, careful and cheap Bradley, TD. ., '..' ..'-..'',;.;.;::. transportation and judicious and satisfactory marketing of oranges and other Barnes, L '. ". .< V.; 'i i1 f'i ;. Alachua'county . .?:*r.'_ '
fruits and perishable products. Borders, J E .".. '. .' '. Lake county . ';vlj:: .*"<-r, "
The Directors shall have general supervision of all the affairs of the Exchange Buffum, F C : t' .*," ; .... ... '. Marion county ,oJ.. ,f:1.i':: ''5.'' tttt
,*?shall direct its operations, choose its agents and employes; fix the sal- Blake.. T H. / ..; ;> ,v:;;'_. /. ., ;'! Lakecounty-.rf.; !; ..>'. '_ .. ../:-',,. ,.'i .
; t. ', ,, .!. :!''':.tai., : ,;? : > :



q I : iIi. ",w .,., i, .y .,*"$. ., .. ,. ',.," _, ',. -' ';" 1>.' : 1+,' _,< .' ;L'.ir.1"'L.: ", .i',,, j".r- ..::,.,;.!kf


," ,,. .., '" ,, .; ...., ",, ,.',. "' ,, ..' ,,-. "
i ;
NOVEMBER 7 T';'' i8 7.71] ,_ -. --:THEFLORIDA: DISPATCH.: ; ,, ,. .. ,... .....,_', .._ ._ 637
, .' .'. _." ,", 0, '",.' ,..:.".. r u.y ,' ,, ,V_>. ',. -__. y 4 ..,_....,_<, '" '.' : ,< ?" ,. .' ., _, '>'''' F4 "''' 't. -"' >> H
I ., -- -------- , 1
,,/ i"" I : ,' '. i 11 1-; -. ,. 'n" < 'i '
J MEMBERS. "_ ;>'Shares ;::; /MEMBERS.. :/.,. SharesGreen .
.' ..* M\0"> .y ... '>(,, <
',.,, Bigelow 1 A E -. .'".)... .. r. Orange county ; : I" ? E W ,. ,. ", ,. ,.;:-.. ,.. ,:, .. .. .. Marion county. '. ..tj.V.i j.; ?I"* .
Bodine, J H r '. f\(;r .. e .. Volusia I county I''l.f. t( Gill & Protios? ., .. /:;/' .'' ? Lake ,county .:.: o H. l, V.j"!
< !'
Barrelle, A. ,.. ; Putnam county : I : '"" Golder Jos ., ., ., ., ., . .. Volusia I county,. .. ;. |",itVt.a'4, "J
Berry, H H. .' .. .:: ,. Orange county ., I' '' Greegor, J ,. .. :.. .. .<,.. > Duval. county .. '-' < ; 't','..V "-
,'L Boyd, T J. ,. '" :T .r Orange county e z ,,', Gringrass, G.J. ,. . ;-r, .. ., Brevard county :, ,, i\.;, "
Bartlett, C H & F H. r I01ean, N. Y r i Greeley, J C ,. . . Duval county r .: .J3.i.- ; "
Blake &Ripley .. r : ', Boston, Mass I.q'., ,; Gould, ThosB: ; -. ... .. //r:,: ? ,,. ., Philadelphia, Pa .' I : .i.C, : ,,"
Beilby, C FA. : ;,w_S .. -. Volusia I county ; 'I ":' tt; ,, Garratt, C E .... .. .'. '.-.,,, '. '.,:.Polk county .. . :. ',J.t-J"
Boucher Bros .. ,:,": '. Orange county x.shares.Buffum Hill, EJ. .. :. .. .. ., Bradford county' ,. t'l.i :/'
E H. .' ,. : r r Marion county' ,. r 5. Hayden, J A. ..* .: ., .Orange county .- .' ,, f ,/ ".< :
'. Buffum, A H. ". '.' .r. .::,'". ''New London, Conn i I':.,, J ." 'Higgins, Edward . Duval 1 county. 'o. i.; ..V','ce',
Church, Wm 'L ee New York iY: Ittl Harris, Jas A ., .'. .. Marion county r iV, K. ,. Crane, C G. I ,. '. t'" : Duval county .. 1" Helm' CH., / ,. .q. Volusia. : county, r r i ".
** Cunningham, JR. '. '" r '. Lake county '. J' Hart, E H ., .. ..; ,. :, Putnam county ., f it: ;, "
Canfield, H. .' : .,..t, ,: r" ,,. St. Johns county l' Heather Island Orange Grove. Co Marion county .' .i. '"
:J. Conant, M ; '. Duval county' 2 ,If Howrey, J W & Co ., Volusia county ,.. .. 'J1 "
1f. Cousins, Jas Jr r .' . New York :' 'I' 2 Hays, S P. .' Volusia county .-* t .1C
Christopher, J G . ,. Duval county' ,*,.' I. ,' ttft Hunter, 1 :A.. ,. .. .. ,. .' .' Lake; county . -i ? ?"
\ Crosby & Gowan. ..f J. : ,%Putnam county r ZCorwin Horn, John, Jr .0. r r r .> Orange county [. \.> "i., ,",' '
H B ",_ ., ,;; Volusia 1 county, .. r 1 _tt Hopson}, V L ., .. .. .. a. Lake county .', i".... ., .
Clarke, H K-. ; /Volusia county r .' 1 .'". Hart, A B . .' . .. Columbia I county .i t. :il .,;: i'"
Clarke. F M. ,. : .: .' Dundee, NY. .-. ., 1 '" Hardon, 'V'Q1.. .. .. .' Columbia county .. 1 :
Cpdrington, C.. . th' ',': : .Volusia county ., '; z'': ', Hallock, L H., .. :,. .'.;,'. . Portland, ;Me'. ,t ..:-, '....'l-4rl"J: !_; '
Cannon, J'V. ''. :' ; ..Volusia county r !, r 'i Harding, E H. .: .. . Putnam, county : .4..;, .i"h)'; :";I -
Corley, H A. .. ':. .:". !:',,,.Lakecounty '.. 'i'y'r: .". Hand, H P. f ;' . ., yo USIa county .: :1 1Hawkins ....t: .tf t,;h. Oil'
Cogswell'Jno :. :. .Orange. county. r 1-;:.; ,. WW .. : ..,; '. ,. Putnam county .' :j.*I 74.: T:, '
Comstock, 'V C. '. Orange county. .,. .. I ,;"tl Henderson, Geo W. ..... Marion county, : .' .(. ,: \. :, l',,
Church, H B. : ; ,! : ,. ,' Orange county 0. r I" : -" Hutchison, Henry .:; Putnam, county .' cis
4 Clarke, J Adger ", r r 1 Alachua county ; :.. I Hubbard & McDuff." . .., Duval county .. .. ." h.3t' s.1X<< ,
Cronin, J. '. : :. Duval- county <:' r 1 Hillyer, Chas, V ., Nassau county. .. ;.V:.:. .. ", ','t;; '
"' '' .,
Coates; EA. '. :-. ; ,: . Marion county *o. r 1 Inglis, John .L ,. 'r % Madison county .O', ', :'1'' 1'31' _,
Chamblin, Z C. ," :"". 'I. '. .Marion county ,. I Irwin, Walter .. .. .. Louisville i Ky .., ;'H.. ,',:..I ...e :r.
Craft, AB. .", 'r ,; r Westerly, R. I r r 1 : n Ives, AM. r . . !' Duval,I county . ,. It....q.. ",!.y. i"'" .
Crutcher, H'y. '. .., S.". '. Orange county .' .. r r r I Jones, CH. .'. .J" .. : Duval.I county '. . lt.H! V. ,;c', ..'
Daniel I, JJ. ; ; /'.. r'':, :. Duval county ." r 1. tt. Jamison, E .' . ., r. ",; Duval county t .. .*..*/. /; 'Inw'VJohnson .. ..,
Durkee, J H . ,. '',. '". ', ,./...',."Duval county .. . l'*.. "''",: Clinton- > .' '._ '. **. ,, Lake- county. .0. :;,' .**/J::&**i'," .
Doyle, M J. .* ." ; .'t" ,. Orange county 10 '.I..t" ,U Jackson, Wm .. . Volu ia county .. /.. ';*i4i..!* c
Dancy, FL. r .'j' ; ., : St; Johns county r r i ,', Jones & Bennett . .- .. Volusia, county . ,,;;ti ; /t.
Dunham, C E. : r : Bradford county r 1 :x., :. ittt Johns, E r r t Bradford county .' ,'.'u'.l.' '.""
Drake, Mrs C B '. : Lake county r r ;.1 ;" Kedney S. r r r r ? .. Orange county -. i .. ',e..
DeWitt, W R ,: r Putnam county ., ? r 1. Kedney, ;H S . .. Orange county .. ..02. .' "
Dale, Wm E r Duval county :" r r .1' '" Kennard, Sam'l J . .. ., e' Alachua county ;Si.' : -
Dyer, G L. r Washington, D. .C r r I Keep, B B. r r r r : l' Marion county .t i' u
Dowd, Ben. : Lake county ..: r' r I tt Krossman, A 'V. r r -:; Volusia county . ,i .,: .
Davies & Taylor : r ". Lake county ,. r '. r r r I King, J B. r : :. v ; Orange county . '. fi "
DeKary, Fred'k r r ', :' Volusia county. r r I Keightley, Mrs E R. .." .' Lake county . '. i
Dutton, C K. r ; Alachua county,.- ; r I ttit Knott, J W r r ... Duval county .1 tt
Dorrien, H T Smith r Osceola county r I Kinell, Rev A : r Volusia county .. '. .. -i "
DesRoches, G. r Duval county. I Knight, RD. r r r r ", Duval county r : i .:' "
Dix & Wilkins r Baltimore, Md r r 2' Kenyon, John S r r Kenyon's Mills, R I iLivingston .. !,
Dupuey, V J. '. ; Marion county r r 2 T. H ,. r r r r Duval 1 county r .. ,J.-' "
Dshwood, E H. r r ., Orange county ? r I ,- Livingston, B F r r r ; Alachua county .' .x. "
DaCosta, Chas W.. r : Duval county I :' Lewis & McCulley r _. Bradford county . r ;' il ." ,
i Eichelberger, H L .' .,. Marion county ,. I tttt Lanier, T C \ ,: Lake county '. x\ U \
Erskine, Jas M M.. '. Putnam county .. l' I ; Lanier, J C Lake county .i "
Emerson, Carey r Minneapolis, Minn/,,'. ;, ... 2 "' Lente, W K. r '. '. Volusia county ;a- It =-','
Fairbanks! Geo R. Nassau county .r 'ii.tfJ ,: 10 \ Leach, B F. *, .. Volusia county ii : ''
Fairlie, James M. Duval couuty :( I Lancaster, G ,'V. r r r r Volusia comr y ; i. ', '"
FtzhughNRSr.! r r St. Johns county v;.I>- 1 tt Love, John C. .' r r r Sumter county : J' ,; .
Fitzhugh, N R,Jr r St. Johns county : :,"-';.:. I tttt Lee, LB. r r r r r '. Sumter county ? ,I' .;, !if t '
Finegan, Joseph. .. ,. r Orange county .' I" 0 Lovell & Vail r r r Sumter county. /: 2- ". : '
Fox, Geo '. Orange county .. I \c, I" Leavitt, W F. r r r r Orange county J f "
Foster, Dr Henry ,. Orange county ,. 2 u Leonardy Philip : r Volusia county '. i -"
Farrell, Ned E ,. r r Alachua county.. I Lockwood, V N r ,? r r Volusia county r 'i-: A. u..
Franklin, Jas : Lake county ,. I it, Livingston, J H .' ." Orange county. ." i', ic :
Fuller, Geo '.. : : r '.'. Marion county ,r r 1 Mathews, J 0 r r r '.' Marion county .. io- if' .: .
Fakes, B R. ,. r r Marion county .' r I Miller, CA. : r r Duval county ., i.' /*
Fort, Herbert A. . r Marion county r I Myers, Rev J H. . St. Johns county *.. i, :' 1" .
French, A V. .. Orange county r .. I Maxwell, Anderson & Co .;. .' Putnam county . 2', \ .,"
French, Dr Seth .. ''O" Orange county r 1 tlit Moremen, MS. '. ,. o. ,.St. Johns county .. I' ',c. "
Forbes, W T. Duval county I Mattison, G .. Bradford county .. ,i. _i.' '. ,.
Fuller, 'V F. r, ;., . ", Putnam connty I Maxfield, J F & Co .r r "; New York . 2 .
Fleming, F P. 4. r Duval county I tl Moorehouse, Jos .. .. i. r Clay county. *.. -.1-\ ".
Fleming, FA ,. e :. i Clay county r I Markham, Wm .. r r ? r Orange' county i ," *,c
Fitzgerald, J 'V.. f .- r. Duval county : : Mathews, Wm . *. > Duval county :ii*._<;.,4t ,
Flint, General F F. r Marion county 1a 1I Moore, TW .. .. .. .' .' St Johns county '. 'ion :!, 'j
Fisk, John J. r ." ; Marion county 0 ; tl Means, G W o. r r r Alachua county, .f. 'if" -* Foster, John W .' .. Westerly, R. I I llIt Means, S C. : : r Alachua county r/ i/ >: .<* ,-.
Frost, Geo '. r., '. .. Orange county I II Maxwell, D E.. r Nassau county 4 J", ? &:, :
Greenleaf Pomeroy : Duval county 10 Moody, S W . . '. Marion county .' .. J. L.fr '= "
.Gwynn, Walter . Orange county . 2 tlll Marks; R H. ". r' . ? brangecounty'. . ir"" ,
Green, Daniel ''O. .." Marion county ,',- '. 2 Manville, A.H ,. .. ;. ,;". .0. : Duval county '. .J.' '? '" '
Griffin, Martin . Putnam county ''O. I tl Maxwell, G Troup. . Marion county . J., uit .


.. .. .



j ." -THE. a.FLORIDA-. DISPATCH.-. "4', &.('"(- -.. >i t-, ., [NOVEMBER" ..of,;b.7.,,., '1887.\1:0: '

j .' .W' r ..,-..n.. ';".*....... a....... .' jjj.__-f-,, ,' -r.. ,.. ..-.a..MA.1d-:'tN" d ..+.:aa .... .y 4F*,-"'t_.+.,:dAn 1?.."'-!-Ii!,,,,-,.R'"sa'-.-.--Y'i"+vi"n--- ',,pr,,,,,,,,t-...1' .ro t..... ,. .> ....' _' ...............-..._. -'III; ..........sil! e MEMBERS." Shares MEMBERS. Shares

Ma ruder, C B,. .., ..Brevard county i '
; Snead, T F A .' Orange county -. 1 "
Mitchell, f .n. '. .V.: :V' ..' .. Volu county '. Ito tt Tillson,' D. .. Sumter county .1 u

Moore, ';J-' Nat.. .. .._ Lake county.. : i. Tischler, P. . Duval county I U

Martin,1.. DfE '. . M v. Orange county . 'i Tysen & Smith Duvalcounty. . ?". '2 "
Murphy; G W ; : Alachua county .I "
Toiler, W 'V.. Glenwood, Va .. I
biu'mbFV. .- Duval .. : '
county -rf&ran,1i. Taber, Geo L. : . Baker county _' I "
? Cairo 111 :. ttit .
? i Tiffany, E C & C S . Putnam county ,. i' U
McMillan-J T. '. . Alachua county : I" Thomas; J 'V. r. : .. .,' .. Putnam county .. i "

McQuafdfP, ... ... '. Duval. coiintyMcKee,1 ." : I..,\-. itit Thayer, L 1\1. . :" .' Marion county : 2 "

; W.I: ; '. .' : Orange county ,. ..: i \ Thacker, OR. Putnam county '. i "
McKee Geo H'. '. Lake I. ..
county I' "
Trowell, N J. .: .r : Lake county . I" .
McLaughlin,.R. ; ; Duval county i' '.* Thrasher; AM.\ '. _.' ..Orange county .. ,. .. I "
McCabc, B F. '. .. . Charleston; S. C .' : I. "
Thorpe, J C. . Orange county. .1"Tuttle
Norris, *Geo H ; Volusia county .' 10 t i
L R. Duval county ., I iti
Nicholls, Geq B.' .> : Boston, Mass .;. ; .'.ri i. Tabor, J o. '. ., 0 Orange county I" t
Nprthrdp, V ti ft S ". .. Volusia county n :
Taylor, H. ., : ; Volusia county .. I
Nicnbif: $Harry F. Duval county .r .: it "
iii Tyler, Jno F. county I
NichollfEV : Duval county .' "
Turner, M P. .. Duval county 1
Osteen aH:: fe- Volusia Cpi: ttft i
: county r "
Thompson, S C. 'Duval county. .. l' ?
Oaiorn lv 'R. . Orange ,. 1'
Vivian .
Dudley .. Orange county .. I"Varburton
Ott,: G oV ": : : Bradford county ,. : .' .'. .: ;1 '
.. ,' \ P E. . : .. Polk county . .. I u.
P Duval ..; .tto' .
Paine.Jas county : r .; 0 E Cheshire "
r., Woodbury, D. '. Conn 1
Parker:J S :.> .. ..' Duval county ,., -. .. :. : \ .. t:' ti Wright: AD '. ',. .. :. Lake county .,r: 1 "

Pillow, VV-tt, .d. .. Duval county ,. .' '. .. 2 ." tiMl Webster K ; Lake .. -. '"I tt
_. .. J & Son ., county. .; .
Palmer*R.A : \ }1: Meriden Conn x d"\\ "
; ; .'' "
'" ') Waldron EV. : Volusia county . .. <'I
PHelps) Lyman ." .' Orange county *' :"I': .. J. ,2 .:.> ''V .' s-I tttt
Walton, Chas : .. !, : .Philadelphia, Pa. ..':
Parson . Hernando .< It
'John county. 1 : ; '
B : .
Wright, H. . '. yolusia county 9 I
Ph A- . 'Lak" . .' 'n' "
ares .- J I" "
C H B' Volusia .
Wright, & S : county. I
Paine *E T. .' Duval '. 'T'-; < .
a : county ;; : : : "
Weaver, P B. :.VWilson : ;: ; .. Lake county . 1
i; .
,!Pafmerf1E-L & Co Baltimore 1 Md" '" tr :"
; '
:! = "
EA., \ .. Lake. county. 1
P itefs<\il,,\V'R. .' . St. Johns county 1' """Ir f'I tttt
: Wood' H .Lt.L. ,. ,.. Suwaiiee county . ,I
PofteriOt) CO' . Willimantic Conn .' tt .
; 2
; 0 '
Warner SC :Putnam .
., county 2
Parce W W & Co .' I Volusia, . 'iPunan'"A "
county "
Watts & Lamer : .. ,Sumter county . : 1
} . Volusia I tl .. .. .
; county i
Wilson, G W, . Marion" county .. .. I tttt
.Phillip; N D. .. Alachua tf.
county '
'. 'ii Watson, J Bea champ . : OsceolacouIitY' ., I
P '0 i\V . "
flnee, Orange county '
Warde, A B. . :.. . Duval county .. I
Powell,*W'H & Co Philadelphia, Pa .' = 2" ; tt .. '
Welton, W B. . .., .. .Northampton, Mass .1 "
Peacock M B. tlIt '
Johns county iPrice Whitner' R H : .: : .' ..' ,. Orange county . '. I' tt
B.R- . Duval 1 .
. ; county .I "
Willard, Chas \V. '. . . .1Vesterley-R I . I
Powell !> -H <. I Duval county ..1 i ,V"It) "
Young, John 'F. . .Duval county : 1
: *. \ . .;. ,i : '
Phelps,1.Wilson 4, Orange county .' Yancy, D H. .' Lake: county .:v .>>. I' "
Rollins, John F. .t '. s. ., Duval county i ,' .
.. r. .
Rooks, OP. :.t."; '. ,:' '.,.*; /. Lake county .' .' : 1 :r' 'lift ., : '

Rogers; J Thomas: .. ." '. '. '.- j; f.! Putnam county ',": .j- i ;; ;'; .
: ; OFFICERS. ..
Rlxford Geo C" . .' ; ':. '. Suwanee county :.. ;" r; "' ,

Robmsbn, C..L .'. > : ,.,-).'Duval county r ; 'j i. i I GEO. .R. FAIRBANKS, President.

Reed, H ;AV . ; : "C i Waycross,. Ga :1. I ttft GEO. H. NORRIS, Vice-President.

Russell; J' S. ." .i; .. Putnam county . '. ,I ALBERT M. IVES, Gen'l Manager and_ Treas.

Rogers.TL .;:': Volusia county '.- I M. P. TURNER, Secretary. '.
RiimpW, Geo B .... '. .: : Lake county ., r I' r

Rogers D . r . Volusia county .' I tt EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.

Robert, A P & Sons .. '. ..' Lake county . '. I GEO.VR. .FAIRBANKS.' B. M. BAER. 'GREENLEAF.
,_ : :
Rooks,W A. r . .. ... ... Lake county . : I 'i' .
Rogers: \Y' 0 & Co .' ::. Boston, Mass .: . ;" I .' ..., ".; J

Rou, Adam: B. .. :. ; Marion county .. I ftIt I .. ; :, DIRECTORS..
,. .
Reynolds, Jno C ;. ,0." .' Waycross, Ga .. ." ., .' =I> D. Greenleaf.. ".' ." \ . of Duval county.

Russell, Jno K. ". '. ..Baker county ". I W.: .Stanton: .f' . of Putnam county.

Rice M C.. .. .'i Duval . '
county -I'l' S. J. Kennard . : ; of Alachua 'county.
Stanton, \\'111 E. *. '. Putnam county : :. .' 10J :. : C. B. Ma t t der.i .:'V\ -. '. -. '. of Brevard county.H. .

Sayles, iL \Vo : :. :. : ... 'Bradford county ..' .' '* I '." S. Kedney, *. ; .;. .. '.. '". of Orange county.

St rke,tf\:1rs: J M. ,. : .' Volusia county '. ,. I' A. J. Phares ::. . .. of Lake county. '.

Sampson, F G. ; '.t Marion county . 10 Martin Griffin ;.. :' . of Putnam county,

Stone, Isaac V;,. :. .: Volusia county .. : I'Volusia : ,. It B. M. Baer .. '-'. :.V:;:; '. . .of Duval county.
Seiser & Vining .. ". ," ''v ; '. county. . .2-,d',' : of '
;. % .. ,, Walter Gwynn 7. : / Orange county.
Saussey, G N "'. i Nassau county '. '. '. --I.-;,". ..: George R. Fairbanks ;',:' ; .. '. . '. of Nassau county.

Shepard, Mrs J C. .. ". Putnam county r T. W. Moore '.. .. . ., of St. Johns county.

Smith, 'J'F. f .. .:i Nassau county '. '. '. I'' ." ", 'J. D. Mitchell . : .: V . : of Volusia county,

Smltv H . : Marion county '. '. i .' A. W. Barrs. .. . .' . ; of Duval county.

Slubber, J- E.% . ,Marion county, . i Robert Bullock . '. . of Marion county.

Smith, M ,L. . .. ., Volusia county . i George H. Norris . of Volusia count .

Stapyltbn, G G & Co. . Lake county ,. '. '. ,; . 1'- MRWMMMM M-WMM

Shine i T J. .' '." Orange county ,. '. '. '. : .' i Principal Office.-JACKSONVILLE, FLA. ,

Sails, Geo Volusia 1 county i cr ;c f.

Sheppard, Wm.- .' Volusia county '. '. 1 No. 28 Ocean St .::': .

Sinclait, J G.. . '. .Orange-county. '. . i '."> "*, E. E. HOOKER & CO.

Slms.WH. .7. Columbus I ,'Miss" . .1' '"tt-. ?: .-
; Louisville .' .:> ., ::' Wholesale Dealers in '
Stapleford, C A.; : V" ; Ky- ; -: i :s

She Imer); F.A" \"\ .- : .. . Volusia county . .... I.- ti > COFFEE TEA AND SPICES

Stockton, TT r. '. -. '. : 1.H. .' '. '. Duval county . "'.'1:. .. rttli '," ,

Stockton, Telfair < .' :-. ... : Duval county .. I/;. ,' .. Proprietors Florida Coffee and Spice Mills;

Stockton, Jno N C. '. .. .. .Duval county 10 'r' '
Sahdeman, Frank -. '. Marion county . 2 ,it f JACKSONVILLE. ,

.Segar, Jas-S-. '. i .,> ..'' ::1'.:Iae.? v, : ., ..'Westerley.R: 1 I'. .: .. "; 'f.1'. '" ".' ": '.. EoffeS'roasted.. Daily and shipped Hot Roastino Coffee and Peanuts *
.., .
Segar, S B ; 1 > .. ,,vester 1 ey,- R. I. ,. : t. 11,;'; ': ..>.4'.. : .- for the Trade Specialty.938 .- '. ,





: ..... : .._ ;"t. :
.L .. ,;. ,:. .:.
,;.', ... fA .",,... -. -. .'...,.... "''Iti.''I" .. ..c,1.,F.". ''!:' .:';' : ,\:' .,...... t .'" : -. .. ., -'.-..'.' : _.'-. "

'1/; I ; THI.t.l"IIIT': 'fa., DISPATCHSAYANNAB -_. ... .. ..i'.:f)
'Ij..;, ..I '"r' ", ..,.- .,_..r..... ., _"_"'_ aF.aM ___" '. .; .)
-- ----

; [ L I :N E -m1-i E
} .
's '
> < r X r ; *>

-E, d
BtYsmnah, New York BOSTONAND
.and Philadelphia, WIND ENGINE
and between Boston .
and Savannah

65, to 70 HOURS. PHILADELPHIA.Ocean I -.

Steam Company. .

x 'Central or 90!Meridian Time)
Pnsssn jy o flat e s :
Between. Jacksonville and New. York, 1st clas1 $!$.flO; Intermediate. $.!8.00; Kpccnrtlon<<.; $12.00; LI I' V r x -
V fiteer /eel2a>. -. ,
i h'** u Jacksonville and Boston, 1st class] $2.'>.00; Excursion 513.50( :Steerage$12.59. ..
.., THE Ma.guldcent8teamshlps of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: 1
'?.1'ALLAHAS.Capt.FJllher............u...................Tuesday,November,1-" '6f.o: p. T' AND EASIEST REGULATED
CHATrAHOOCIlEE ,. Daggett "P' ......._..:;........_.......t''ridiyNovemb'ert -'7:1111m:
NAt'OOCHER.. Capt.Kpmptou .,';"'.:.. :............. ....u.......SUtldaY,1pvett! h'r6-: 9OOn..m' ALL WORKING PARTS .,
... .. .. ,
CITY 0. :AUGUSTAC.apf.Catharine. .. ..; .Tuesday,November3-1lO! ; a. m'TALr.AHAB"
EE, O\pt. Fisher :; t._.....: ....r..r.............;:..Frisiay. November }: p.m Made of MALLEABLE IRON.ATJDIUSSS.
CHAT"AUUOCHEE, Cap!;;; Daggett-. ..... .,...:........ .wnndayNovember lrt--4t'Op' h ...
NACOOOREE,CAnt.Kempton.. ...... ....._...... _.Tuesda: ,November'15-3p() m I. CATALOGUE FREE.
CITY OF AUGUSTA, C ( barb. e,..._......._......_.......-...rldny. Novemb:r,l$- 8:00.a. m
TALL>\HARSEE,Capt ,Fisher,- ,.:.*....,.n....:.:...,... Sunday No. rmber 20- 9:30a.: 't
CHATT*HOOOHEE,L'8pt. Dagge.t............,. ...... ...., Tuesday,Novemher2r-11:30a: mNACOOfHKK CHEAP&T.SPRINGFIELD MACHINE CO
Cant Kempt on. ;:.'.. ........:.......:. ..-Friday t.S6vpmber2V-:: m : y
-CITY OF AUGUST.Cant 'Catharine......;...... ..... ,SundayrNovenTher 27-3:fli'.m .
TALLAHASSEE, Capt. Flshere...u.;*?..,.,.,.,,. Tuesday November 29- 4:20: p.n. .'. c ,..' LD, OHIO.. : ... ;
GATE CITY" Capt.Taylor .. ........ ... .. ..... Thursday, Novembers-- 7:1.0: p.m E8.t'A.BXiI HED 147.: :. .:'. ;. .: ,:.
CITY OF ACON,Capt.H.Lewis.......::;.:...................JJ hnrsday >Toyember 'Ifr-!!; 1:00 p m .
(3'TE.OITY.Capt.-K'R. Taylor...................'..... .........:.....Thnrsday November 17-- 7:00 p.m .. : :.
CITY OF MACON,Capt Lewis ... .... ...............Thursday, November 24- 1:00 p.m. GRAIN I GARDENAND SEEDS:
; f ; .' .. '.* ,/. .
.. ->"' Y' -TheaeTSf( .mera do not.carry,Passengers..j] q .. : : .
DESSOT'G,, Capt.N.-P..Howes..........._......_.........................Tuepday, 'Novethberl-< p.m FERTILIZERSVv I '.' .
:r ITNIA T Capt.Askins....._.............:.......:..;..;............_......;.Sunday November 68.30 a.m '. .
DESSOUG, Capt.Howes.x..Friday November 11- 1& m *
J d IATA' ,l: .pt. APklns....;............._.-..............-.......... dne dayt;Nuv-tuber 1 -.6.-W() p.p.m X :L.lAM: : .A.. :E30'1JFLS .
ATC OUG, Capt. N;F.:Howes.......:......__.....,....................Monday, November21-10(0a.m to J.
I JUNIATA, Capt. AsKins........... >..SaturdayNovember26-3:00 p. m '. (Successor: E. Hart,) .
THESE PALACE STEAMERS 20. West Bay Street, JacKsonvllle, Fla. .
with handle none but the Best and most Reliable Seeds. My new Catalogue will lie sent free on
onnecting the Savannah, Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line) .
Wholesale Dealer inHag
Offer to the Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other application.
Through Tickets and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North,East and Northwest
Tin Savannah. For in'ortnation and rooms apply to ; Corn, Oats, Flour, Grits, Meal, BranWheat
HENRY YONGE, Agent, 0. G. ANT1ERSON, Agent, : ,
Pier No.85, North River New York. City Exchange Building Savannah, Ga. GROUND FEED SCREENINGS '
RICHARDSON. BARNARD. Agent Savannah., .Pier' B..Eton. COTTON ; Etc.
Wf L.JAMES l3hiladelphia. 5
Agent; 18 S.Third Street, :
J. D. ARHAGEN., asternAgent, Sav.,Florida& Western Ry. Co.,261 Broadway Y. STATE AGENT FOR
G.M.SORREL. Gen. Manager. H. R. CHRISTIAN. Soliciting Agent. :
J. E. Tyge'rt & Co.'s i
'For Tickets apply to 8 I<<".&: W. Railway office. Brand Fertilizers,

2,500,000 AOR'ESOF'LAND Guaranteed flL AnalysIs.. .





"'Prices oh application. -, ;.*JUly 2711

Columbia: ; Bradford, Clay, Putnam Alachua. Levy, Marlon, Orange,

4 Sumter. ,I Hernando, Hillsborough,,Brevard,.}Baker, 'Pdlfc} &: 'ManatejB: [BEA-ISIY .

Consisting of the finest Orange Fat:.ping,Vegetable and Grazing Lands in the Slate of Florid
*. Price f 1.25 per acre and upwards according to location. Corn' *'s 'on Merchant 1 Forwarder

for further information,apply to Office Florida Southern I Railway Co.,Falatk.,Fla. ,

L. N. WILKIE, W. P. 'COUJPJEK: ,,.., v Way cross.':R. R. Wharf. ,. Way cross R. 'R. :Depot,' ;.
Chief erk-RDd Cashiertend: Department. Chief tEni1i1e and Land'Com '; fo n'er. '. ), .- .
J" '
:R.ev. yaP.., heJ.p 'Jacksonville, Fla. : Gainesville,; FialL
SELLS I have in 'S1.tock and to arrive


PBEPABED'FOR .. ,f .250,000.;Banyoe.. ;: "' : .Orange.' .. .Boxes= ...50,000- .Gum. and' Poplar' ";Orange:

Orange. Trees and other Fruit.and Plantation>and Garden Crops, Boxes '200,000 Orange Box Heads, 750,000 Orange, :

'No Jt}VermineedingJ'Compounds! ( { 'it'_sedn., ,/ -the' W1, Manufacture. : 'of V. these i* 1 GoodsThe 1 :Box }Hoops, 50,000 Reams Orange Wraps. :-

highest i {grade goods are tne best'and' and 'these'goods meet the want. -jj JManjyears' ..,s zers,Team Cars,prang'*Clips,radders,and other growers' supplies, all of which"Wlil
cheapest be sold at the ,
tests find them to be'all that Is References can be-given,but It!J. LOWEST POSSIBLE. RATES. \f' .
seedless] where eood ari IU\.well known. It can he truthfully Raid that these RTe the standardCANADA Have the very best facilities for the distribution and sale. of Oranges. Consignments so-
licited. Send' fnrf4teneIb.ClrenlnrssnndVrice Lists. '"

Supplied In Czar Lots; : .

m auT OP a N BAGS s.Chnpest j ,

..,4 : Frertil zre J i :p's i. Has for. sale choice Lot lects. Orange Rents Groves and Interest and Wild,Negotiates Lands.Loans Allows,etc.Interest on deposits. ,Col

Direct shJpm! J1ts. Guaranteed analysis. Price'and Pamphlet: free. Address . I J. C. GREETjElT Pr*.ifdfiif. f.. n. n O rnin.,Tr..nenr..r.
v CHAR. NTEVRN Box '43T. ::NAp*Det', Ont, Cstriadrl;" ; :

ilemberot, Mercantile ';" ':CO.S.'h11Tn'tTig Well Curbing and ?Chimney Flues.x
Exchangtt. tUfflfl A. BROWN ., .N o. _0. _
._ Cheaper and Better than Prick.
'i1t/"I." Wholesale Commission Merchants. i ir .

j*'** Ornamental,Cheap and Strong. No skilled labor required.

: f .... :3Ef: Z3 .READE T., s. Address H ,': 4*.' *;? .- .
:AH receipts' sold ieience: Irving National! Bank,New York. Once 6e i West Bay Street, Jacksonville,Fla.N09EMI7187.1. .
f x 4J .
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'Y. .91n.. .. -' ,. "-1 FLORIDA- .,.. DISPATCH.-. . __ : (NOVEMBEB,,- r ,s-. *"7,1887.if;*;.-v--. ... ,-. !

"x.11/.... .. IM a l .i
- -
The Largest and Most Complete Establishment :CLYDE'S ,. ,w
VILLA SITES, FRUIT South. : : >'

: LANDS, ..., .. pn New York Charleston &:Florida: b

4 -' .. -V,.. i, ..*:.. '

.I ,* f ".. I y. '. ,v.t>.* ?
..' i ':. r

: ANDPOULTRY The, elegant. Steamers of this Line are appointed to sail -
t .
From Jacksonville
/.A..J., ADAl\ Every Thursday, ns :follow

/ MANATEE, FLA., Steamer SEMINOLE ......-.... ......, ............ .. ., ......Thursday,November 3d;&00 a.m
Notary Potpie and Justice of the Peace. 'I OdEROKEE..o...... ............. ....... Thursday November 10th, 11:00a.m
I SEMINOLE ...... ...... ..... ............... .....Thursday. November 17th, b:00a.m ,
r CHEROKEE. ..,........................... ....... .Thursday,Kovember21th,11:00 a.m
Has for fate one thousand acres of cbnlcetaznl
on Manatee river,la sight of Manatee. From Fernandina Fla.:
BraiDdeutowu.. Kllenton ar.d Palmetto, and Geo. S. Hacker & Son, Every Sunday evening after arrival of F. R. & N. Go's trains, as follows: i
ia ,manufacturers' agent lor Wire Fencing :
. Poultry Netting, Lime, Cement, fertilizer* MANTTFACTUBEB O7 Steamer YEMASSEE ........................ .......................... .Sunday,November Cth .
and ues,Cracked Torn and to CITY OF COLUMBIA .... ............... ..... .. .. .Sunday,November 13th ;
Rice,Plantation"J l: e,Rock and"Mtelu Cattle DOORS, SASH, BLINDS, MOULDING YEMASSEE......... ...... .............-...................Sunday November 20th G'
and Poultry freed ground to order in And Material. 44 CITY OF COLUMBIA.... .........u............ .............Sunday,November 27th ,
steam mill on premises. a
Has also breeding kennels of acclimated. Office and Warerooms, King op. Cannon St. All Ships sail from Fernandlna after arrival of afternoon trains of Florida Railway and
tiaverack and Irish Setters Irish Bull Ter. Charleston 8. C. Navigation Company. .
riers. Slow-trail Bloodhounds and Colorado Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 2d. E.R.,New York, every TUESDAY and FRIDAY
Catch or Tiger Dogs (for wild hogs,bear and ,at 3 p.m. Tuesdays'ships for Fernandlna and Fridays'ships for Jacksonville.The .
tramps). C Freight,and Passenger Accommodations by this Line ar unsurpassed. Every attention -
'OUR POULTRY YARDSare DOG BUYERS' CUi E. will be given business entrusted to this Line. Direct all shipments from New York via
welUtocked with freshly imported male Oolored plater, 100 engravings CLYDE'S FLORIDA LINE, Pier 29,East River.
bird which are mated with carefully selected at!diIIereat4 pticee tbe7 are For further information apply to
hens of our own raising each variety being *otL, and when to bu td my31.tled J. A. STEAD,Agent, F.M.'IRONMONGER: ,JR.,G..F.P.- A.. J.A. LESLIE,Agent
Allotted to separate enclosures In a lorty-acre fa lb Ceuta. Fernandina, Fla. Jacksonville, kla. 88 W.Bay St.,Jacksonville,Fbu
.gg carefully packed in bas ASSOCIATED FANCIERS, THEO. G. EGER,Traffic Manager, WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Cea. AjrcHtc,
nets at following pnca: Broadway,N. Y. 12 South Wharves,Philadelphia,Pa.,35 Broadway: ,N.Y.
White Leghorns (Knapp1) Pit Games
fHeathwoodK), Plymouth Bocks'(Hawkins), $CsUt1 RtmQ SPLENDID COLLECTION OF BULBS SENT
Game nalams(Shouldlne), Light BrahraasWilliams ,
( *,Rouen and Muscovy Ducks f 1.00per +
1&lbOrne'andC'l1ban-06me fl1vmHearded
Nr J'r c.J4.t,tiuW.rluritt.MUST .
and Crested Polish, W.F.1I1ack Spanish Buff
Cochins. Golden aced Seabrlghts and imperial DE 80LD. Choice Bulbs Direct from Holland In Fine Condition. At usual Bates
White Pekln Ducks,'1.50 per thirteen.
White Crested Black Polands, Hondans, 1 lot in Keuka, near P. .$ 25 are Worth Doable the Money Besides Expressage. Sent, Express Paid,

Wyandottes( 'Prestons), Lan phans (Crouds), 1 lot in Keuka, on Lake.................. 15 to any Southern Express Office in Florida.

Boneys Krown Leghorns$2.00 per thirteen. 40 Acres near Bostwick................. 100 FM
tIne.Bronze and Seminole Turkeys, 83.00: per 10 Acres fruit land at Keuka........... 100 24 Named HyacinthsaU different |124 Named Tulips, In 15 Varieties

Booted Whl e Cuban Carrier Pigeons,$1.50 10 Acres in town of Keuka 300 .

per nsLr. 5 Acres Oranges Peaches and Pears 600 12 Mixed Hyacinths. .. 112 mixed Tnlipi. ;

H. CHANNON CO. Small Grove and House (nice)..... 700 .
ED. RUMLEY. Keuka Lake,Fla.WATT'S "
48 Named Crocus, assorted; 6 Named Narcissus, 4 Sort

Canvas CoversFOB AUTOMATIC FRUIT SIZER OU Mixed Crocus. 3 Mixed PfarcUsna. .:.::r

ill 4, Snowdrops, 3 Scillas, 3 Ranunculus, 2 Anemones. Total 201 Bulbs..

Wons Stacks, Etc.iCottonJDucks. Ready November 15th. This offer is made only till December. 15th.

,i: ( u-- ... All Bulbs then remaining unsold will be planted in my own grounds. $

.- Awarded the First Premium at the South Florida -
AU Weights and exposition. Send for description and price to the
TENTS ALL KISDS Widths.' : Patentee,THOM M1ATT,L c.bnrB,FIn.MUNSON'S '
CAMELLIA JAPONICA iinelllsar? hardy In nil parts of Florida.
BOOK( ataloguo sent free. Varieties imported from llcl-

22 to 21' MnrKet street,Chicago, Ill.. glum; two feet high, many with flower beds. Only ONE DOLLAR each,

six for S5, twelve for Ito, ALL. DIFFERENT and all named. A rare 1 1i

Teachers! Players 1 1t Sin 8rs MillS clmiiec. Order early. Only 40 plants in stock. Also a few Azalea In*

GRINDINGFOR dica, ready to bloom. $1 and $2 each. "-

Should now select and purchase MuMe' Book4*
for their u"o and pleasure\ during the ensuing If you live in South Florida why not plant a.nAVENU'E {
Fall and Winter
Oliver mtson k Co, issue SHEKTfllUSICIn CORN & FEED :
such immense quantities that It Is perfectly OF ROYAL PALMS ?
impossible to.advcrUse It. All new publications -
are(althfuUyauIntetllgenth'described !! GRINDINGTheBESTonEARIF
In their Interesting and valuable : ; '
"JTICIMTHL.Y itiirsicvL it ECO a i>, 1h For Sale; 150 Royal Palms, two feet, pot grown; 75 cents'each; t '+

tf 1.00 per year,which every o-e needs. I: $7.50 per doz ; one hindred for $5O. ti

not&Look Co.,on Out to the for publish music the imprint you anything purchase.Oliver but the They Dltson best do I ,,, Flouring Mill Outfit!Outfits Outfitsi i 1 ti1' Freight or expressage must be' paid by PURCHASER on everything
music, and their name is'n guarantoo of I i Send for Circulars. Addres,J ,I except Bulbs, as offered above. '

merit. Terms i Cash with order.. Send registered letters to Oviedo
Send fo'-Lists,Catalogues and Descriptionsof I MUNSON ]I
Music Music Book wanted. orders Sanford
any or money on
Box 816. UTICA,N.V.

New And Popular Books. T. L. ME..D, Oviedo, Florida..

Palmetto Nurseries Lake Charm Fla.
Beautiful Now Up' ,
Plantation and Jubilee Songs. ,
Rosewood --------- ---- -- -- -
Newest and Best collection. 30 eta. right Piano, 1
Case,only S165.
Emanuel.. Oratorio by Trowbrldge. ?l.no, New Organs only v > New. An American Oratorio.
$ .00perdoz. .
$6 0. Greatest Bar
Jehovah's Praise. Church Musio.Book. gains "Ever Offered. ENTERPRISEMEATP;

$1.00,$3.00()() per doz. Emerson's newest and Established 28 rears.

best. For Catalogues,address ; _
United Voices. For Common Schools, Gem Piano and Co
Orgy Pea CHOPPIBO Ng 10 Chops 3 Ibs.per minute[
50 ols. i.80 per doz. Just out. Charming Washington,N. : .A, Price, 83.00.
School Song.Col lection., ------ -- -- ....,- Sausage Meat Mine 4",0 VI". Chops a TBs. minute
Steak v i 12 per
Neat Hamburg
Any, Book Mailed For Retail Price. Chas. M. Davidson & Co for Xtytpeptlcst BeefTea v Price 32.50.

-- for JLtivaUdtf&to. .?,,. 22 Chops a ..permtnttttFarnt
OLIVER DITSON & CO., Bottom No.231 East Trade St., Charlotte,N. C. Q; Price, 04.00.
C II.DlTSONACO., and fireside I&JlI 0 32 Chops 4.permnute
S67 Broadway,,Ne w York.. WHOLESALE FRUITERS, "It la the only Heat ChopU Price, 3C.OO.
per we ever saw that we
COMMISSION MERCHANTS. would gin house It
I room. American Agriculturist says
SAWMILL ha proven web a n efnl -' '
"We this
Shipments of Florida Fruits solicited. hare given Meat
machine that we want
,.Chopper thorough trial with
readers Its benefit
onr to
enjoy LL. "-"
mon rerolU.
Special attention paid to the sale of oranges. *with tu." -1 satisfactory
r They excel anTthlt(of the
;R' kind made In either hemfipbereSEND >WNo.
r' Quick sales and prompt returns. SOLD BY THE
1+ 4 W.m TRADE. 10.Family Size, $3jOO. CATALOGUE
Stencils sent on application. '.
FOR THE MONEY.Write I Commerclal National Ban ENTERPRISE: CO
for Illustrated Descriptive Circular. References- MFG. PHILABEliPHIA. PA.
Farmers' National,Bank
: 'RICHMOND MACHINE WORKS eI&A. Wm.Johnston. ; ) ;: :;':-
; l.t'Q;: ....'it..

,", <, "i. ,. :,
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