The Florida dispatch
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055757/00094
 Material Information
Title: The Florida dispatch
Uniform Title: Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: The Florida Dispatch Line
Place of Publication: Live Oak Fla
Creation Date: October 10, 1887
Publication Date: -1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Live Oak (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Suwannee County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Suwannee -- Live Oak
Coordinates: 30.294444 x -82.985833 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1876.
Dates or Sequential Designation: -new ser. v. 9, no. 3 (Jan. 21, 1889).
General Note: D.H. Elliott, editor.
General Note: Published at: Live Oak, Fla., <June 20, 1877>-Feb. 11, 1880; and at: Jacksonville, Fla., Feb. 18, 1880-Jan. 21, 1889.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 5 (May 8, 1876).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038464
oclc - 01386590
notis - AKM6254
lccn - sn 95026759
System ID: UF00055757:00094
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1887)
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

Full Text

;j: .
1868. Term: S2.OO Per Anitas

.,,:..;..; ",

;T1rLl: ,
H ..
; Rai -
I 4 yF

.?t a __ rnz HI111 t


.'.... .. /I.fr..
kt:' ,# -

A Journal of Agriculture J' : ,' Horticulture. Industry. & Immigration. Pa : +

/ ,


"', ,' ." :. -.., L

fl fK ', i,,. -. I .' .

DaCosta & Manville, Proprietors. JackseHville, ,Fla., JIe..y, October 10, 1887' '> New Series: Vol. 7. No. 41.

---:; A .... ._ -? -
i''< : ; .:.:l :": "PRICES: ; THE .LOWEST. .J i a J- H..N. ELLIs,C.. E. A..E.MCOLU1.:

(T Cutieura j -. '-' Arenltftt
i Stoves Crockery
A POSITIVECURE' ..: ..Tin-ware 't ;'; L'ENGLEhina, .,
,1'O: S .
Architects and Civil Engineers
for elrery f fornl>t of : Chandeliers, ,
>, Granite.Iron-ware;1 : Plans,Specifications and Estimates for buildings ,
Blood Lamps
SKin and. of all kinds Sanitary work eta
,0il Stoves, .._; ANDCOMPANY : Burners, Chimneys, Rooms 7 and 8 Palmetto. Block Bay St.
Dlseasifrom Silver-ware. '. : /- P.O. Box 785 Jacksonville rhHARDWARE ,
= Gas Fixtures J
-- .
--;- House : !
Furnishings Freezers, z
Table Cutlery: ., ,Refrigerators:. ,. -
SKIN '!" 4 Gate City Filters, ,'
relieved by d warm bath with CdpTICURA f ''Ii
SOAP,a teal Skin .enuUDer, ands Fire Dogs, JACKSONVILLE. FLA. Dinner Tea.and QEO. MoCbNIHE; EJ:
single application .of CUTICURA, .the greatSkin : ,'' ;*"' I" ,.,, .
"' Toilet "
den-whrel Sets. i-n-
Cure. Baskets ui<' o ; -? '" \ ;
.. I. .. :
This repeated dally,with two or three doses "F ",4) ; (New Building.at Old Stand.) -
.of CUTICURA RESOLVENT, the New Blood' \,ff : .:;IPn..ticnlarttcntion Paid to lUnilj rders.. &N42 Jacksonville/FJau i,
40 West Bay St., ,
Purifier,to keep the blood cool,the perspiration -
pure and unirrltatlng.the bowels open, .
_. .
cl1veJ 1 ROCKWELL & KINNE -: *
the liver and kidneys will speedily; i. ,

cure.Eczema te'terrlneworro,psoriasis,lichezpruritus )*, .. Successors to Nichols, Rockwell fe:Co., Wholesale and Retail ., Hardware, Cutlery -Stoves and Tinwarfl- ,

of torturing,scan bead, disfiguring,dandruff,,and Itching every, scaly specties : ;:*Hardware. ,. Stoves, House Furnishing Goods, Grates. Mantels, Paints, ,Hoasefarnishinfi Agate/War r Sash Goods Doors Granite, Blinds'.and,..;.

and pimply diseases of the skin.and scalp Oils, Saddlery, Guns, Ammunition, Etc. :' Oils, Agricultural Implement,"}.'
loss .
with of hair when physicians and all "
known remedies fall. ;," | Parties In town or out will do well to call or send for our catalogues and prices of any Iron and SteelRope,Belting, .
Sold everywhere. Price CuTicuBA ro c.; r good tliey may need In our line. Prices wer* than ever. .* Hose and Packing, Pump, "
SOAP,35c ; I ESOLVENT,$1. Prepared by the Steam and Water Pipe -'
38 West Street Jacksonville Fla.f. # -
Bay ; }
Mass. b. and Fitting, Four ; .
.WSend for How to Cure Skin DiEeaseLt'DIUPLES \ ',. "" ,' Steel Galvanized '.

KISSIMMEE .f"j. Fence Wire,
blackhead, chapped and oily Mantels,
prevented by CUTICUBA MED? -,1 J': .. '. ,. o/,/:
GATED SOAP ; ,;, Orates i'
: .
Ete. I
----- ---
.J ,
\ "

Agent For /

N. ; 3,000,000 Acnesi; Orange Lightning PowderFarmers'Friamd. '
,.' t and Boss Plows, Dangler Oil,Stores, .:
v ,Vr
: of the Richest JL ands in the"' State. i. Perry St Co's Celebrated Stores* and. .
I "L i. Ranges,Southern (St. Loula)White. J
:.-.... .i'i Lead,Masnry's Pore Colon in Oil,
iL.I i-:'J Masnry'v Railroad &..LiquidPaints
ip I Representing aU theDisstan : .
__ ".. :Fairbanks'Standard
Companies J\: ': Soa.les.

'fj''" u Kissimmee Land Oomp. ."1w1 !- Chattanooga Stove Co's

Gun Locksmiths and Stencil Gutters -
'l :J-
L3' 44 W. Forsyth St.,Op.St.Johns Hotel. \ '
South Florida R. R, 00's'1 rids. PRICES SAME AS IN CHATTANOOGA.
.J A5f*Tin Roofing Sheet Iron Copper and Tin
Qunsmlthing done in all its branches. Work to order.HUGHES'.
Consisting of beautiful Lake Fronts, High and Low Hammocks first-class PIne'land.for.
IRON SAFE WORK. ange Groves and rich reclaimed lands for garden purposes. TONIC
Special rates Stencil Cutting,by mail. t .. "To ..: I ,
sIr s J. .(--::',. SURE AND SAFE REMEDY
cIrn1ago Q.rc;> e ,. :, -,: .: FOR'r

And Truck Farms. .. .
Improved : ; : it. i-:

tea rI ,. .' :'.:' ... _'.., i,R., ,


y I niln rte '.'." i :;..:fj d "' .'". It[ will Cure the Most Obstinate Casei
A.d" .. '
( .
4 OX ". :-l/ .c Send for Price: and Description LIst. ::.. '. FOR SALE BY DRUGGISTS. '_

;. -'. ..1 f.. I
u-: CANNON .

lor all purposes. An experience of thirty years ... :. -".J'.,' ,.... ..,. ". ;. -."::"., .WILLIAM,; ., .<,', ; :r,,1.j ,RatA. ; ROBINSON &. .cd.,.. ,
to offer the beat. Fief r -"' {x. .
permits "
:< : i -
Good work*t low.prices. Send for circular. Rfter.. to this.,.papei. .,:_?. ki, \ : Kisslmmee. ,.Orange County;: LOUISVILLE, KV.
F ;'h t.Establlsked
.'} ; :. ,: )"r. -
r; .. ;.

I ,, N '.

',. -
o >

.. .

; F i.


." ..,,, ,
". ', .
.' .:, .'r ,. \ -

;'814: ." ''. ," t' -. Till :FLORIDA: DISPATCH. .-, -OCTOBER. '10, 1887.,., .






Lowest Bates of Freight Always* G1TeD.
; t Order all your freight from New York,Philadelphia and Boston
via Mallory 8.3.Line from Pier l o.21 East River,NewYork
: '.. ..ALWAYS THE LOWEST x n.. iww Direct connection at Ferxandina with F.R.ft N.Ry.,
,' 7 For Jacksonville' and all interior points in the State. .
tThe magnificent Tron Steamships of.this Line will sail from 4 F '
KERNAN DINA,FLA.,for NEW YORK,every Tburs lay even- a This Pioneer Line offers to Floridians,the Traveling Publlo
ing alter arrival of 4:30 train from J*. ksonvllle, and evening and Shippers of Vegetables and Oranges the Quickest and
trains from Cedar Key,Ocalo,Leesbnrg,Tavares, Orlando and Only Direct Line to New York
Bosth Florida points Through Tickets! and information secured in advance at
RIO GRANDE._.___.....__._.. ..Thursday,Reptember 8 principal points in Florida. Staterooms reserved from Jacksonville }
8 PATE OF TEXAS.._.__...__JI I hursday,September 15 or Fernandina office.
KIO GRANDIL.: .... ...__..._.___.._Tl.unday,September 22 49-T.ralns leave F.R. A N.Co's Main Depot, foot of Hogan
STATE! OP TEXAS,..._....__..._.j bnrsday,September 29 street*Jacksonville,at 8.90 a m and 430pmon sailing days* \
]:RIO GRANDER...._..._..._......._........Thursday, October 6 landing passengers on Steamship's wha:f, foot of Centre St.,
STATE OF TEXA8............N......._......,.,Thursday,October 13 Every attention possible is. extended passengers going Fernandlna.jOSrFcr .
KIO GRANDE.---.Thursday. ,October bytthls line. The table is supplied with the best the Tickets and Staterooms and further information,
_ATE OF' TEXAS____._...__Thursday,October 27 New York and Florida markets aitord. apply;toR.

W. 8OuTU.wJ.CR:, Agent,Fernandlna,Fl*. A. H CRCPPEN, Gen'l Travllng Agent J. M. CUTLER Pass.Agent,75 West Bay St.,Jacksonville,PI*.

,C..H.MALLORY A CO.,General' Agents" ,Pier 20 East River,foot Fulton street New York City. '



t1 Tb."e: Picrici D1&p'a-toh. L1n.e

With the Magnificent Connections. -
.; :

The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.

Tho attention shippers directed to the Plant B.8. Line between Havana, Key West and Tampa,and People's Line Steamers between Sanford, Pa-
latka and Jacksonville. South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford, S., F.4 W. Ry between Jacksonville, Gainesville, River Junction and Savannah -
Savannah apd Charleston, and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah,Philadelphia Boston and New York. The best equipped fastest and most
prompt lines between all points in Florida and all points North and Northwest. Receivers and I Shippers will profit by the following unparalleled connection

Double dally list freight service for all points West via Albany,Jesup and Savannah.Double dally fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany,Jelupand Savannah
to ail points Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville,Calla-
Doily fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern, Interior ban and Live Oak.

. .:. .and Coast points,including New York. Boston. ,Philadelphia,.Baltimore- :Washington and. Tri-weeklysezvioe by the fleet steamships of the;Ocean Steamship Company;sailing from
f -. Providence.connection I -* Savanrw York (New Pier 85,North River,)direct for Savannah Tuesdays,Thursdays and Satur
for New York via the Ocean Steamship Company,)leaving
Ba. Mondays,Wednesdays and Fridayea dai'he Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers leave Boston every Thursday
Twice week for Baltimore via the Merchants and Miners Transportation Company,leav- for Savannah direct making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight trains
taie Savannah Tuesdays and Fridays. for all points in Florida. Only direct line froiu New England to the South.
weekly connection for Boston via the Boston and Savannah Steamship Company, leaving From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., "'g from Philadelphia every Saturday for
Savannah every Thur da1". Savannah direct.
Weekly connection for Philadelphia via the Ocean Steamship Comany,leaving Savannah From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners Transportation.. Co.,two steamers per weekOTCrySatnrday.
from Baltimore for Savannah direct making{close connection with 8.,F.A W.'By for all
S&U1nrda for Steamships: subject to change without notice. points South. ,
The Florida Dispatch Line is the quickest and best fast freight route from all points North,East and West to Florida. For full particulars,rates,stencils and shipping receipts apply
to any agents of the above lines,or to WM.P. HARDEE, Gen'l Freight Agent,Pavannah, Ga.
C. D. OWENS, Traffic Manager,Savannah,Ga. W. M. DAVIDSON. Oen'l Traffic Agent,Jacksonville,Fl..
H.M.BosLET,Tray.Agent,Gainesville. J. E. DKATTON.Trav.Agent Live Oak. J.H. STEPHENS Agent: ,Jacksonville.

_________u_____________ ----- -u_ ______.__ _____ _u_n._ ".




Offers Choice Fruit and Vegetable Lands near transportation for Investment or Cultivation. SPECIALLY ADAPTED TO SANDY SOILS !
.:Certain Market for Farm Produce; Attractive Sites for Homes; Railroad and Daily Malls..
Also Town Lots at San Pablo and Atlantic City on the nstallment Plan if desired. Address Supplying Not Only Plant Food but Organic Hatter.
JAB. M.KRKAMKR,President,over Bank Jacksonville,or W. B. GKANTtSuPt., ,



Ammonia.......n...... .......... 4 per cent | Phosphoric Acid.................n 2> per cent
Sulphate Potash........... ....... 6 per cent

'; FLA. Ammonia........................ 3%per cent I Sulphate Potash..............11 percent
JACKSONVILLE Phosphoric Acid............... 5 to 6 per cent I| Potash,actual.................. 6lA percent
Has for sale choice Lots.Orange Groves and Wild Lands. Allows interest on deposits,Collects .- ..
: Rents and Interest,Negotiates Loans,eta .. The remainder consists of thoroughly pulverized humus.-.s'

L. P. HOSBIKR: Treasurer. .
J. C. GREELEY, President. +
16 Tears Established. .


WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANT I have used "Our Favorite" Fertilizers upon Orange Trees,Roses and Garden Plants,
., and I do not want anything better.
tried your Fertilizers on Onions,Cauliflowers and other Vegetables. I consider it an
166 Reade Street, New lork. excellent and cheap Fertilizer,which will greatly improve the land, and is not simply a
: Consignments solicited and Returns made promptly. Stencils and Market Reports furnished stimulant. ,
on application. H. LEGLER,Haskell,Fla.PRICES .
REJ'ERENcEs-Chatham National Bank,Thurber,Whyland&Co.,New York City: als
Banks and established Produce Merchants of New York,Philadelphia,Baltimore and Bosto
Orange,Tree Manure............in sacks $24 001 1 Vegetable Manure.............In sacks |17 (00)(
_.' :.in bbls. 2500 I| bbl*. 18 Olt()(
:Braidentown Real Estate Agency.EDGAR ? -. .

'f. Attorney at Law, Real Estate Agent and Justice of the Peace,

Braidentowu, Manatee Co., Fla. <. : CEO. HUTCHINSON,
Will buy and sell all kinds of Real Estate on commission. Eighteen yearsr residence in ..
Manatee County. Personal knowledge of most of the lands throughout the county. As!a Crescent City, Florida.
practicing Attorney and as County Judge for a number of years,I have had occasion to '
become familiar with many titles and the County Records. Having been continuo engaged '
,all these years;in the actual cultivation of the principal fruit and BUILDING 1 MATERIAL I
of this semt-tropical section gives me advantages in the selection of the various qualities oJ
lands suitable. Maps and Abstracts furnished, Titles examined and Deeds executed. InfO
mation furnished. Correspondence solicited. THE LARGEST STOCK IN FLORIDA.

None.-Braidentown is situated on the south bank of the beautiful Manatee River,about FRONT PRESSED BRICK...................................................810.00 per 100O
thirty-five are the miles lovely south Terra ot Tampa.Ceia, Sarasota Has dally and service Palma by Sola the elegant Bays,teeming steamer with Margaret.all kinds Adjacent ol GOOD FLORIDA! .1 .......*............................................ 9.00 It.

fish,clams and oysters; and here on the Gulf coast are the most be&utiful building sites In Lime,Plaster Lath,Cement. ,Hair,Fire,Fire Brick Fire Slabs,Fire Mortar.
.,. the world with thousands of acres of hammock and pine binds,where tropical. fruits and '- TYSEN, SMITH & CO., 12 West Bay, '..St.. .
choice vegetables may be grown to perfection. .-.:;.: '-
t > 2'

,, '!.,.. -







: ,
was introduced into cultivation in California pampas of Buenos Ayres it has escaped of frost, and grows most of the winter.
Ttt e Farm.Alfalfa from South America under the from cultivation and grows In the Northern States, even where it
name of Alfalfa or Brazilian Clover. extensively in a wild state. Though endures the winter, the yield is so
.- Lucerne. The plant had previously been i introduced known for a ,long time in the United much leas than at the South, that it'
or into the Eastern and Southern States, Alfalfa is not yet cultivated to has little or no advantage over the
From the proceedings of the last States, but attracted little attention the extent that it should be. common red clover. Farther south,

meeting of the Georgia Horticultural until its remarkable success in Cali- In the Southern States east of the however, even where both may ,.she

Society, which we published in our fornia. In Europe it is generally Mississippi it is especially desirable grown, Alfalfa is often preferred t

issue for August 15, 1887, we omittedthe known as Lucerne,probably from the that its merits should be better known. only for its larger yield but also for' .
its perennial character. Alfalfa is
read H. M. Sessions
by ,
adapted to dry climates, and
g Professor of Agriculture in the Uni- ... withstands drought much better than', .

versity of Atlanta, upon "The Impor- tha.ordinary clovers. ;J pr

tance and Proper Management of the Although Alfalfa improves the,fertility
Grass This then withheld of the soil, it must have a rich
Crop. paper, ; '
:soil to start with, and it therefore is,of
the author for revision
: by we
little value as a renovator of worn-
have received, and publish for, the t out lando1It prefers sandy soils, if
first time this week. It will be found:I ; ,:-fi-rtile. The failure on the sandy soils

on the next }page. in the East and South has.been mainly

It should be borne in mind that r:':;' : "V. due? to the lack of fertility' give:the
young plants a good start and enablethem
this essay has been prepared with "- ...
to become deeply rooted before

special reference: to the requirements If"';- ,.,t";.'-' the! advent of drought. On this'account -
of grass growing in middle,and upper'Georgia it usually thrives best on rich

and cannot, therefore, be'applied .' bottom lands. Lands, that are tena-
..' cious and hold water are not adaptedto
without modification to the very J,'.I'. f
I its culture unless well drained.
different conditions existing in this ,. ; Most of the lands in the West upon
State ; at the same time, the underlying : F which it is grown successfully have a

principles are as applicable hereas -1. permeable subsoil. When the soil

in Georgia, and the essay, as a permits its roots penetrate to a great

whole, will be found full of valuableinformation h depth' Cases have frequently been
observed of their reaching a depth of-
and suggestions for 'our : 12 or 15 feet,and depths of more,than

Florida readers. 20 feet have been reported' Hence,

Among the various ,grasses which / -- after the plant is established, the character
Professor Sessions enumerates as flour} of the subsoil is of more impor-
than that of the surface.
ishing in his section be gives consider f
Sow at any time that the ground is
able prominence to Alfalfa (medicago ? j
I I in suitable condition, and when there
saliva), which has, given good results I .:, will be time for the plants to become
on the University farm, near Atlanta., ) :\) well established before they are sub-
r.: c
As Alfalfa has for some time pe.stfattracted 't' jected to either drought or extreme
\ ,, cold. In the Northern States the
considerable attention in this
month of May will be about the right
State, we give on this page an excel- f ji time. Farther South; in the latitudeof '

lent engraving of this plant. We do Northern Mississippi, September is

not wish, however, to be understoodas probably the best month, and in the

recommending or endorsing its cul-- /i .!,i extreme South, or in the warm valleys
of California,any time will answer from
ture in Florida. While there
are sec '
fall until spring. The soil should be
tions and locations in this State where ; ) : /1, i,, thoroughly prepared, and the seed

with, high culture and generous feed- '. sown at the rate of 15 to 20 pounds to

ing the Alfalfa flourishes in perfectionand '/ :. :' ,.',,;,Aa ;,- -', the acre. If sown broadcast, about
T '
result the latter quantity will be required ;
yields a profitable experi-
,, if in drills, the former amount will be
indicate that it is but indif.
ments an sufficient. If the raising of seed is the
ferent success generally, and will not, I ,main object, 12 or 14 pounds to the

in all probability prove an acquisi- + 1 acre will give the best results, as the
tion to the State at large. As experi- -plants will be more vigorous and yield
,., will be
more seed. though they coarser
ments thus far made are by ,no means .
:;, and less desirable for feed.
conclusive, and as many are still inter \ x "'-:,- Drill culture gives the best results,

ested in and trying this grass, forth especially if the soil be dry or weedy.

r benefit we make the following ,. i The drills may be 12 to 18 inches

extracts from Dr. George Vasey's excellent -. .. apart, according to the tool to be employed
," ', .. cultivation.. The seed if
report on "The Grasses of the ALFALFA.' OR LUCERNE (MedlcayoSatira). sown broadcast may be sown alone or

South," recently issued by the United canton of Lucerne, in "Switzerland, ;i The climate of that section is nearly with grain, but i it generally gives the
States Agricultural Department: where it was largely cultivated at an :: as favorable to its growth as that oi f best results when sown alone. It:is
This plant is called Lucerne, Me- early day. It has been known in cultivation i i Southern California, but much of its i often sown with oats with good results,
dick, Spanish Trefoil, French Clover, from very ancient times, and j soil less suitable, hence reports from but in a wet season it is liable to be
Brazilian Clover and Chilian Clover.It was introduced from Western Asia different localities vary somewhat as smothered out unless the grain is sown
is not a true Clover, though belong into Greece about 500 B. C. It is i to its value. quite thin. After the first year the
ing to the same natural family as the now largely grown in Southern : Alfalfa is less hardy than red clover. harrow may be employed to advantage -
clovers. Alfalfa, the name by whichit France, and to a considerrble extent _: and is adapted to a milder climate.. and even a narrow plow, of such
is commonly known in this country, in other parts of Europe. It has been ::A cold of 25 degrees is said to kill the r form as will not cut the roots too .
is the ,Spanish name, which came into introduced into several of the countries -+!tops, but in the Southern States the t I severely, is sometimes used with_good
use.here 1 'Om'the fact that the plant of South America, and on theM : plant quickly recovers from,the effect j effect, especially where the planting IStISPATCIL
'U a

.- : d iyW'rl''r' MiW.'Irv rs' .'+'x' pl4Y P +.. f.




c -

__ ____ __ .____ _

in rows. In all cases where weeds are wheat, rye, oats, barley, rice, maize, from their locality near streams, either The effect of running water in increasing
inclined to appear, it is desirable to sorghum and cane. There are :291 large or small, are liable to be overflowed the grass crop, has long been
give 'some kind of cultivation every Genera, and three thousand eight hun in the winter and spring, and known, and in many instance carrird
year. This is not so important where dred (3,800) species of grasses universally enriched by the sediments deposited into successful operation. A little
the plant is irrigated as elsewhere. In diffused throughout all parts of thereon ; or other lands that from the muddy water has a wonderful effect
much of the country reaching from the earth. In the temperate zones the the nature of their soil, and proper iR increasing the quantity of grass.
Texas to the Pacific irrigation is only grasses clothe a large portion of the amount of moisture therein contained, But it must be running water,and not
,essential the first year, or until the earth's surface with a compact, soft, will produce large crops of hay for along stagnant ; and though the deposit is
roots have penetrated deeply into the green, carpet-like turf; but in the series of years without diminu- no thicker than a sheet of ,paper, it
soil, though the crop is greatly tropics the grasses become larger and tion, simply by annually or biennally has a wonderful effect to stimulate the
increased by an abundant supply of more scattered, and, the beautiful applying, a light dressing of com- growth of grass, and to make two
moisture at all times. In parts of Cal grassy turf disappears. post, or barnyard manure. On most blades grow where but one grew be-
ifornia and adjoining States Alfalfa is There were in the United States in of the' mountain farms there are certain fore. ..
grown only by irrigation, and this 1880, nearly sixty-two million acres of sections that seem peculiarly Irrigation and drainage are so intimately -
must sometimes be resorted to, even permaneut meadows or mowing lands, adapted by nature to the productionof connected in many cases thatit
when not essential for the growth of and over 223 millions acres of grass hay, having a deep, rich, loamy is not easy to separate them. In ;J
j the crop, in order to kill the gophers, and fallow land in rotation. The hay soil with sometimes a slight mixture several instances the water from un ,.
which are liable to destroy the plants crop in the United States, in 1880, of clay, and with a texture sufficiently der-drains on the hill-side mowings is
by eating off the roots a few inches below was over 35 million tons, which\ at tenacious to retain a proper degree of used to irrigate the adjacent dry
the surface. Immediate irriga. $11 per ton was worth nearly four moisture to sustain the growth of grass lands. The experiment which we'
tion will also prevent many of the hundred million dollars. The grass during the long absence of rain. propose to describe has been in sue- '
plants so eaten off from dying. consumed by grazing animals could Such soils are sometimes suppliedwith cessful operation for a number of
Alfalfa should neither be mowedror not be estimated less in value than moisture during the long droughtssuch years.A .
pastured until it has made a con the hay crop (and some estimate it as we have had for the past five small mountain stream receiving '
siderable growth and becomes well houble the hay crop), thereby makingthe years, from the moist or springy aub- the wash from three adjacent farms,
established., value of the entire grass crop, at sfcil. There are several acres of such and the drainage of a small muck
Alfalfa is perhaps best known in the lowest estimate, at nearly eight i natural mowing lands on many farms, swamp, is appropriated to fertilize our .
most localities as a soiling plant. For dundred million dollars. The income which are favorably located for either side-hill mowings ; producing abun-
this purpose it has scarcely a superior.It from the grass crop comes to the irrigation when too dry, or drainagewhen dant water in winter and spring,
may be cut repeatedly during the farmer, mainly, from the stock that too wet. though mostly drying away in mid
season, furnishing a large amount of consume it,and through their products, These lands were never ploughed, summer. The water is conducted in
nutritious forage, which is relished by of work, beef, butter, cheese, milk, and have produced two large crops of open ditches, so as to be spread even-
all kinds of stock. It is said to be less mutton and wool], and in the West hay annually for over fifty years-not ly over about five acres of permanent
liable than clover to cause slobbers in largely'from pork. failing to produce a, crop of rowen mowing lands. These lands have not
horses. There is some danger, how According to the same census there even in the dryest season during all been plowed for over forty years, and
ever, especially to cattle, in feeding it were in the United; States, in 1880, that, period. These fields produce portions of them were never plowed.On .
while wet or very succulent, of its nearly 36 million, head of meat stock, larger crops now than formerly. They entering the lot in its natural
causing bloat or hoven. On this account including over 12 million cows; over have been treated annually with about course, the stream is dammed up;
it is a good plan to feed it in 10 million horses, nearly 2 million ten loads of stable manure, or three forming a reservoir for the accumu-
the green state in connection with mules, over 35 million sheep, and over cords per acre, spread on in the spring, lation of water and sediment brought
straw or hay, or to let it lie several 47 million swine; making the entire and thoroughly bushed over to renderit down from the hilla above. From
hours to become partially wilted before number of live stock in the United as fine as possible. A small amountof this reservoir the water is conductedin
being fed. States over 130 millions, valued at plaster per acre is occasionally ap- opposite directions, in six open
It is when used as pasture that the over one billion, five hundred million plied, either on the manure or alter- ditches, to all parts of the lot. The
greatest danger occurs in the use of dollars. The value of slaughtered nately every other year. A far greater water can be "let upon the whole at
Alfalfa. Many have used it for years, animals, in 1870, was over 378 million variety of grasses are found ..growingon once, or into one or more of the
both for soiling and as pasture, with dollars. The entire value of the dairywas these natural mowings than on ditches at a time ; and by alternating,
out any injurious results, but numerous over 285 million dollars; derived newly stocked land. Without any every part of the lot can receive its
instances have been reported where from over 777 million pounds of butter sowing of seed the quality of the crop due proportion of water every few
cattle have bloated and died from over 27 million pounds cheese, and changes with the different seasons. days.
eating too freely of it when succulentor over 530 million gallons of milk sold. For instance, one year, "timothy" will Frequent stirring up of the mud
wet. The product of wool was over 240 largely predominate ; the next year, where the ditch runs through the
There is considerable danger, how million pounds, valued at over 120 "clover", and perhaps the third year swamp, and in the pond, will cause a
ever, of'the plant becoming killed out millions of dollars. "blue-grass ;" showing that nature, if large quantity of sediment to be carried -
by close or continued pasturing, as it From the foregoing statistics it will left to herself, will produce a rotationof along by the water, and spreadover
does not stand grazing as well as the be seen that the grass crop is the crops. the surface of the mowing.If .
ordinary grasses and clovers. For hay foundation and most important of all, DRAINAGE. proper and kindly attention is
the cutting should be done as and upon it depends all other branchesof Mowings too wet, either from sur- given during the spring and early
soon as the blossoms appear, otherwise, husbandry. If it is true that all face water or from springs issuing summer months, to evenly distributethe
it becomes hard and woody. Consid- other branches of industry depend along the border, should be drained to water, and stir up the mud, several
,erable care is required to cure it upon agriculture, so it is equally true carry off the superabundance of water, large crops of grass jean be grown
properly, and prevent the loss of the that all other branches of farming thereby eradicating the sour grass, annually, with the application of onlya
leaves in drying. The yield is so large, depend upon grass. and rendering the hay much sweeter small quantity of compost for a top
and the plant so succulent at the time MOWING LANDS. and better in quality. Open drains dressing. '
that it must be cut, that unless there Most of our mowing, lands require will be absolutely necessary to preventthe Thus it will be seen that, by following
is good weather, it is difficult to cure ; similar treatment; yot,not absolutely.The overflow of surface water ; but nature, in spreading compost of
on this account it is used less,for hay, almost infinite variety of soils and under-drains should always be used almost any kind or composition,
except in dry climates, than it other. diversity of localities require a varia- where it is possible to construct them, or even loam or dirt, on the
wise would be. tion in their management for a crop to intercept and conduct away the surface gof grass land, that we ma-
4 of grass. For instance, our "natural water from springs, or a too wet sub- terially increase the crop; and it does
THE GRASS CROP. mowings," which are never ploughed, soil. These can be made with tile, or not make much difference whether it
require a very different treatment what is better, with stones, where is spread in the fall or spring, so longas
Its Importance and Management from ,our "stocked land mow they are plenty, and the one great desire it is used and spread when growingthe
[Paper read by H. M. Sessions, ings," or those from which a few crops is to get them out of the way, and fastest. The close and constant
Professor of Agricujture at Atlanta of hay are taken in rotation with render them useful. Drains made oi f cropping mowing lands in the springand
University, before the Georgia State hoed crops. In reference to natural small stones, and thrown promiscu- fall by cattle, we consider injurious
Horticultural Society, at its annual mowings, we shall describe them, and ously into a ditch three feet deep, and : as it exposes the roots to the action -
meeting held at Dalton, August 4th, the manner in which they have been covered with one foot of earth, are of the frost, rendering them liableto
1887.] treated on such farms for a series oi doing as good service now as when be winter-killed in the more frosty
The family of the grasses, or Gram- years, in regard to top-dressing, irrigation first made-twenty-five years ago. localities. If the aftermath is of large
inea, doubtless contribute more to the drainage, fall-seeding, and re- IRRIGATION.On growth, and is not mowed for rowen,
sustenance of man and beast than all seeding in August, cutting early or most of our mountain farms the moderate feeding of cattle wouldbe
others combined. To this order belong late, etc. In answer to the inquiry, there is an opportunity to materially a benefit rather than an injurv.
not only the grasses proper, but, what are considered natural mowings: increase the bay crop by judicious ir Coarse manure spread in the fall o'n
w. all the 4 grains. or cereals,' including, we would ,say," they are:_lands thai t"'",rigation.;: .: land{'where_the rowen is mowed. or

x A- -


-- -

- >. .


.OCTOBER 10, 1887.' =THE FLORIDA" DISPATCH.------- -', ,' .",831

-- -
where- i it has been fed close by cattle, I sowing a variety of seeds, we are more important in every system of rotation.A field sowed with oats last spring, cut
takes the place of the aftermath in I sure of a heavy crop, and of much few years in grass and the land is ten days since and n'\w covered with
protecting the roots from the severity better.,quality than if only one kind prepared to produce an abundant young Lucerne ten inches high; brushin
I of the winter, and in the spring acts I of seed is sown. harvest in almost any crop that the the seed or roll it lightly; grows
on the grass like mulching to young The above quantity of seed I would farmer may choose to raise. It is a well on well drained land; when a
trees, stimulating its growth and protecting double in this.Climate and on this red true saying-more grass more stock; stand is once obtained it is there for a
it from sudden drought, and clay soil. more stock more manure; more manure life time.
keeping the surface in a uniform state BECLAD TG MEADOW LAND. more crops of all kinds, and in- Three crops of orchard grass and
of moisture. WJio has not observed The claiming of about three acres creased fertility of soil, and profits on clover are cut every year at the rate
how luxuriant the grass will grow up of unproductive swamp land was commenced the balance sheet. of three tons per acre for the three
through a slight sprinkling of litter .or the middle of June, 1876. The Before commencing* Mr. Sessions crops. Of the 60 acres belonging
straw, or even brush? The time of rocks were first cleared from the lot remarked that some might consider the institution about 15 are i in grass,
cutting hay has some effect on exhausting and laid into a wall, and several un- that the cultivaiion of grasses is not yielding last year at least 35 or 40
,A the soil. Ripening seed drains the. flerdrains were constructed in the wet the proper subject to bring before a tons; of hay enough to keep 20 head
: soil, and, affects the future crop. places, by filling ditches, (dug two horticultural meeting; but when we of cattle and 4 horses, including 14
t Therefore, cut the hay early and feet wide and three feet deep,) with consider the importance of cultivatingthe cows, through the year, with several
save the fertility of the soil. All acknowledge small stones, and covering them with grasses for lawns and ornamental tons remaining. On a specimen platof
that grass will make the one foot of earth. The land was then grounds, which has long been the one-half rod each are growing 22
most milk or beef, or growth in stock plowed and manured with about study of eminent horticulturists, we varieties of cultivated grasses, to test
Therefore, the nearer we can twenty cart loads of stable ,manure find it a hard matter to decide where the varieties and for class instruction.
make our hay like grass, the better for per acre, and worked down as smoothas I horticulture ends, and where agriculture consider the best, are orchard grass,
us and for our land. and for our cat- possible with harrow. The rough begins. I have in the collectionof tall oat grass, meadow fescue, bluegrass
places were leveled with the bog-hoe, grasses on exhibition, in the hal!, red clover and lucerne, all sown
tle.An eminent agriculturist, Mr. Lewis and the loose stones and turf carted some 200 specimens, and seventy-five broadcast, and top-dressed annually
Harris, of New fork, has said that varieties mostly grown on the Univer- with ashes or stable manure. The .
the best feed for milch cows was grass, 28th of June, two acres of this sity :farm. In this collection is one land must be rich to produce good
the next best was dried grass, whetherit lot was sowed with buckwheat, and group especially adapted to lawns, in- crops of hayTo prepare the ground,
be rowen or early cut hay. All ad, grass seed, about equal parts timothy, cluding Kentucky and Texas blue plow deep, subsoil deep, harrow thor-
mit that rowen will make the most red-top and. foul meadow, and two grass, red top (Rhode Island bent), oughly, brush in the seed lightly and
milk, and those who raise stock know : pounds of alsike clover. The re- meadow fescue and white clover; and roll.: A spreading of manure shouldbe
that rowen is the best for calves and mainder was treated in the same way another group of larger growth, better plowed under, and another har-
growing stock, and the nost successful in August, and: seeded with grass only, adapted to the production of hay, rowed in. Guinea or Johnson grassis
stall-feeders feed I rowen. If, then, it the first week in September. such as orchard grass, tall oat grass, a pest; but if cut early and often
will make the most milk or growth and The part sowed with buckwheat timothy and red clover, and lucerne. will make large quantities of fodder.I .
beef, what more does the farmer want? yielded thirty-eight bushels, and the The ground for lawns should be thought at first that Bermuda
Cut the hay, then, when it is the most whole lot produced two good crops of thoroughly prepared for the seed by grass was a curse, to the land and to
like grass, while it contains the most hay the next year. The first crop enriching and pulverizing. Sow two the farmer, and was good for nothing
saccharine matter, and before the produced on an average. of 3,900 or three bushels of mixed seed per only to hold the world together, but I
woody fibre is developed. pounds per acre. The product of acre; cover it lightly with a brush have come to the conclusion it has its
Mowings that soon run out can be forty rods was weighed, three months harrow and roll. In this climate a uses, especially in furbiihing feed for
best improved by thoroughly plowing after haying, and weighed 1,555 lawn of Bermuda grass will be brown stock on land so completely exhaustedthat
in August, and harrowing in a liberal : pounds, or at the rate of 6,200, or and sere fOl\four or five months in the no other grass or clover will_grow
quantity of manure on the furrow, and three tons and 200 per acre. year; but in Southern Georgia it will upon it.Have.
re-seeding; if sown early in the month, The expense for labor in reclaimingthe remain green all winter. In New found that heavy crops can
a crop of turnips can be taken off the three acres, and laying the forty Orleans I saw fine Bermuda grass be grown upon land enriched by plow-
same fall. The crop of hay has been rods of wall, $118. Credit for six lawns, green, and as fresh at New ing under a heavy sward of turf of
increased the first year after re seeding tons of hay, $120. Year's as they are here in June. Bermuda grass. When it once takes
from one-half ton per acre to three The value of the crops for the first After the lecture the President' announced possession of the soil it has it for all
tons. When the side hill plow isused year paid all the expenses for the improvements the subject open for "discus time; so keep it out of.the cotton or
there can be no hallow furrows, and reclaiming the land. sion, and according to their custom,, corn fields, and truck gardens, and
and the surface made perfectly Formerly the land produced no in- the members were free to ask the confine it to grazing lands.It .
smooth. come; reclaimed, it pays three hundred speaker any questions pertaining to is no use to try to raise the culti-
Lands that can be used for cultiva- dollars per: acre. the subject they desired. vated or fibrous rooted grasses, unlesswe
ted'crops are always benefited by occasionally The great object aimed at in suc- From the. many questions asked, the have the means at hand to make
stocking down. to grass and cessful, farming is to raise comethingto following points and facts were elicited;: the land rich. If no stable manure is
taking off a few crops of hay. Such sell; some leading crop the sale of lucerne has been known to live a gen- available, rye, clover and peas can' be
lands are successfully seeded with which raises the income of the farm eration. In Georgia one man reportedin plowed under.
winter grain, or spring wheat or barley above the ,expenses. Not that we the Constitution that it had beenliving The best time to sow grass seed is
If the ground is to be seeded would recommend specialties in farm- 43 years on his place. It ha I when you have the land prepared, any
with oats, it is preferable to plow in ing exclusively; for but few farms will been growing on our place five years month in the year except Decemberand
the stubble, and seed in August. The admit of this. But with our mixed sown broadcast, and 'has. yielded/ e January. Seed sown in Februaryin
fall feed from the self sowed oats' will farming,which always secures at leasta ] crops per year, at the rate of 5 J lone this section is most generally a suc
pay for the extra plowing.,, Such good living for the farmer and his per acre for the five crops. I havea cess. I have sown it almost every
lands should b$ thoroughly enriched family, we would recommend some lucerne root in my collection sever l month with good success; and at other
when under cultivation, so that when one or two leading crops, from which feet seven inches long, that grew down times it was a complete or partial failure -
seeded to grass they will produce large the farmer will derive his income. perpendicular. In California lucerne As good success an I ever had
crops of hay. We have one field that The largest crops are not necessarilythe roots have been found, in excavatingfor was with seed sown the 8th of June.
was seeded in the fall with winter most profitable. The extra expense railroads, over thirty feet deep. It all depends upon what weather we
wheat, and'a little clover sowed in the for fertilizers and their appli- For this reason in deep soil, in th< have for a few weeks after sowing the
spring, that produces six heavy cropsin cation, and the extra care and cultiva- time of a drouth, you are sure of a soed; sometimes we hit right, and sometimes
three years, the clover living tion,to produce the greatest crop, may crop. I have cut it from April t o we don't; we have to take our
through and predominating in each increase the expenses above the extra November. This year, 1887, the first chances. We sow double the seed
crop. The fourth year clover roots amount of product from what i it wouldbe crop was cut the 28th of March, an here that is required further North;
were plowed up nearly an inch in diameter to raise an average yield. But an the fourth crop the first week i ii I two to three bushels (oat grass) one of
and three feet long. increase of the average yield without t I August. orchard and eight pounds of red
The quantity and kind of seed used increasing the expense of cultivation, Have tried careful cultivation ii clover. _
varies with different individuals and will bring profit to the farmer. the drill, but abandoned it and sowed The time was up and the subjectwas
localities. My rule is to sow one The grass crop of the North i is by,. broadcast; hard to estimate yield, i ij t deferred. .. -
bushel of mixed seed per acre; say one far the largest crop raised. It used. does not exceed one ton to the acre 01 The American Cultivator says if
peck of timothy, one peck of large: to be said that cotton was king, but, upland, but is much greater on hot- every farmer would limit himself in
red-top, one peck of small red-top, two'_ corn now claims the kingdom in some tom land; does finely in lower anc ploughing to such an area as be can
to four pounds of medium clover,I sections. But in other sections grass I middle Georgia, but does not do t<) cultivate and manure in the most
some blue grass, orchard grass, anc. is the most stately prince, and soon t o J graze; yields about four or five cuttings thorough manner, there 'woqld soon
foul meadow grass on low, mOISt; reign supreme. Grass is the foundation .. a year if well cultivated. SOY 7 cease,to be any complaint about farming >
grounds. If we thus follow nature in" of all 'our broadcast a. bushel per acre; had -i L not paying.

most .



,.r r "



credit of first finding out the summer stantly improves, until, at the present ,examination the committe adopted the
The Orange: &:U01le. 'bearing qualities of this Grange in time, it is of fine flavor, very juicy, following description : Surface of
Florida.2d. very tender in flesh, skin medium skin smooth with deep pits ; color

... For the F&OKXDA DISPATCH. A letter from Mr. Josiah James, thickness and very tough. The appearance light ; stem inserted in a slight
A SUMMER ORANGE. a gentleman of means and long expej' of the fruit now on the trees roughened depression ; eye set
rience in orange culture. ; would convince any one at all ac- in a flat surface three quarters of
A History and Description of the 3d. A letter from Dr. C. A. Cow- quainted with orange growing that an inch wide ; skin two sixteenthsof
Hart's, Late or Tardiff Variety. gill, who has a large bearing grove. the fruit is not the result of a late an inch thick;j' flesh dar korange;
4th. A letter from W. K. Bowen, bloom, and the regularity with which, transverse diameter three inches;
I send the best information
you as owner of Myrtlewood Grove, Penn, for the past four years, it has bloomed longitudinal diameter three inches ;
available to me some poits of the his- Fla., who, from a faith given by a few in February and March, and ripenedits grain fine ; capsule of pulp seg-
tory of Hart's Late or Tardiff orange, trees of bearing Tardiffs, has added crop in May to July of the succe d- ments somewhat tough ; occasionally
published about two years since., I 350 Tardiff trees to his grove, cutting ing year, satisfies me that this qualityis seedless, ether specimens containingfrom
see by sundry copies of your paper back; in some instances, bearing trees permanent and that it is safe to rely one to five seeds ; juice sweet,
that many persons seem yet to feel to make the addition.All upon. The toughness of the skin with aA, brisk, racy flavor. Quality #
uncertain as to the truth of this fruit these letters attest fully the' should give extra "staying" or ship- ood.;?:'Fruit. last tested on June 25th,
being all that is claimed for it, as a summer ripening and other good ping qualities. 1877f.-'
summer ripener, and it is hoped that qualities of the Tardiff or Summer If I have not succeeded in givingyou From{ one season's observation thecommittee
the information given in the different Orange.I all the information desired, I will have reasons to believe that
letters will be of service in the way of will give 'two of the letters. I be very happy to do so if advised of ,this will prove very'valuable as a late
establishing the confidence due this think more would make this communi- the points which I have omitted. ,," variety, and they.advise planters to
valuable orange.If cation too long. The following is from Yours very truly, teat it.Extract. '
we have a first-class summer Mr.\ Edmund H. Hart: JOSIAH JAMES.S. from Report of the Porno-
orange, as we have in the Hart's Late, FEDERAL POINT, July 10, 1885. B. Parsons, of Flushing, L. I., logical Committee of the Florida
why delay to plant largely so as to be :Mr. Geo. B. Dickenson, Dear Sir: established probably the first semi- Fruit Growers'Association, 1878.
on an equal,footing with the Califor- In reply to yours of the 7th, I am tropical fruit nursery in Florida,prob- Tardiff Hart's,recommended in our
nians in the summer market? Why prepared to say that during ten years' ably about fifteen to eighteen years report of 1877, is worthy of cultivation -
not plant to sell one-half of our pro- experience in fruiting the Tardiff ago, at a place near. Palatka, nowcalled as a late variety. This year we
duct including lemons, in summer and orange, it has invariably maintainedthe "Moonstone." To this place, tested it in June and July, and we
the other half in winter? characteristics of late ripening and among other things, he brought this found it to justify our opinions as for-
\ The Hart's Late, so far as I can capability of hanging on the trees dur- summer orange, a foreign importation, merly expressed. It is a late ripening
learn and my experience goes, is a ing the summer months, if undis- with its summer bearing qualities most orange, of fair quality, retaining its
very regular and uniform bearer, and turbed by birds or insects,and further- likely unknown to himself.} From juice until the middle of July and
is a rapid grower from buds. The more, that it is the only orange I have their nursery, Mr. Edmund H. Hart, probably later. For juiciness, sweet-
fruit is, perhaps, from its structure. hitherto found capable of doing this i of Federal Point, got his buds or trees, ness and flavor, it is superior to fruit
the best shipping orange known to in Florida. Although rather tart in and was the first person in Florida to imported from the Mediterranean

growers. early spring, it gradually develops a announce the peculiar ripening qualities Signed, .
Let persons who do not appreciatethe rich, sprightly flavor, excelled by of the Tardiff orange, which he CHAS. J. KENwORTHY,
'Hart's Late go over to the Hali- none, and which still remains after the says he thinks came originally from GEO. W. DAVIS,
fax river country and see how; the fruit becomes thoroughly ripe and Thomas Rivers, of England, under. ALBERT I. BIDWELL,
people there are taking hold of this very sweet.I the name of "Brown." Committee.
orange, and they will be more apt to have also found it to be a good There is other positive information 4
realize its importance. grower, bearer and shipper. It ap besides the letters which I have collected Mr. Sinclair, who is so well knownin
I enclose a recent letter from Mr. pears to be synonymous and identical proving this Tardiff to be a tru- Ocala, but resides in Candler, wherehe
Fuller, of Apopka, of this county, with a variety imported from Thomas ly summer ripener, with all the good has a flourishing orange grove, saysa
which please publish and it will ex- i Rivers, of England, under the name qualties claimed for it, but it would splendid remedy for insects on
plain itself. Yours, truly, of"Brown." require too much space, and would orange trees is to make a paste of flour
GEO. B. DICKENSON.Orlando Yours respectfully, only be a repetition,in other language, and water, boil the same and then ap-
Kla.,Sept.26th, 1887. EDMUND H. HART, of what has already been herein ex ply it to the foliage, branches and
APOPKA, FLA., Aug. 27, 1887.' Federal Point. pressed. It is not strange that this trunks; of the trees,and in a week or

Mr. Dickenson: The next letter is from Mr. Josiah orange has so long been unappreciated, ten.; days the paste will scale off, and
DEAR SIR-What "Tardiffs" I did if we reflect how few persons,as a rule, with it every vestige of insects. It is
not sell at home I sent to private in James, as follows : have faith in, and truly investigate, a cheap and worth testing. A pound of
- dividuals-price, $4.00 per box at BLYTHEWOOD, July 1, 1885. new thing on its own merits. flour will make a pail of paste.-Ocala
depot; $2.50 per hundred at grove. Mr. Geo. B. Dickenson, Dear Sir: Yours truly, Banner.
In reply to requesting informa- GEO. B. DICKENSON 4
A fine orange. I have a few on one i yours ,
of my trees now that are firm and tion concerning the Tardiff or Hart's Mr. A. I. Bidwell, in the Orange The orange crop is light. Shipmentswill
late orange, I will say that my knowl- soon begin. Some of the fruit is
juicy. Respectfully yours, for 24th
H. K. FULLER. edge of the fruit and its qualities cov- county Reporter September beginning to ripen, and is fine. Farmers -
ers four crops in.all of which the dis says : report good crops of corn, potatoesand
."The best.information available"
on In Mr. Geo. B. Dickenson's articleon
tinguishing features claimed for this sugar-cane. Sugar making has
the Tardiff, to which our correspondents variety have been maintained. I the "Tardiff" orange, I find the already commenced. The railroadsare
refers, and which he sends us, is bought the buds of Mr. Ed. Hart, of following in a letter written by Mr. handling twice the business of a
the subjoined articles from his pen Federal Point, and he in turn, got Josiah James : month ago. .'
stock "The name, "Hart's Late, was .
them from some greenhouse sent 4
which first in the
were published
south by Mr. S. B. Parsons, of Flush given by the Nomenclature Committeeof
It is reported that H. S. Kedney, at
Orange county Reporter September the Florida Fruit Growers' Asso-
ing L. L I have always understoodthat
Crown Point, Orange county, has set
1885, the variety was foreign, but in ciation. I have always"recognized the apart and will plant twenty acres with
Since June or July last, much in- what country it originated I have not other name of"Tardiff, as Mr. Hart peach trees. He has another gather-
terest has been awakened in the Sum- heard. did neither" originate nor introduce thevariety. ing of lemons not yet taken from the
mer or Tardiff orange, emanating The name "Hart's Late," was given : tree, but which are fit for market.-
mostly from descriptions of specimensof by the Nomenclature Committee of the. In reply I ask to present the following Southern Sun.

that fruit given the Sanford Jour- Florida Fruit Growers' Association.I facts : .. .. .
nal and Orange County Reporter, by have always recognized the other Extract from the report of the Porno- On the"Douglass lot," corner Ocean
myself, about that time. name of "Tardiff" as )Mr. Hart did logical Committee of the Florida and Forsyth streets, Jacksonville, '
Some incredulity has been expressedas not either originate or introduce the Fruit Growers' Association. for there is a vigorous Loquat tree,heavily
to this orange being truly and dis- variety. That it is a variety and not 1877. laden with blossoms, and from recent
tinctively a summer fruit. an abnormal growth of the ordinary TARDIFF(HART,)-This fruit wae: I indications it will set a full crop of
To remove this doubt, I have re- orange, is, I think, perfectly well brought to the notice pf the committeeon fruit.
quested letters from several gentlemenwho proven-at least to my satisfaction. It the 25th of last April, and it wasfound -.-.-..---- ,
have grown this\ orange more or blooms at the regular blooming season to be unripe and unpleasantlyacid. ) At Green Cove Springs a LeConte
less extensively. and colors in November, but at that Air. Hart was requested to for. pear tree is reported in full bloom. If
1st. In a letter from Mr. Edmund season (November) it is hard,-tough, ward specimens about the last of June j, the fruit matures the tree will be exhibited -
H. Barf, of Federal Point, Putnam lumpy in flesh and of no sweetness or. and it was again submitted on the at the Sub-Tropical Exposition i.

county, whom I think entitled to the flavor., :From, May," to July it .con- 25th of that month, After a careful 1, .
J t Yhs. .
: ts. S ;



r .


cause of his accurate and learned indomitable Caucasian who has calledit eight feet each that season, but this

The Orchard. knowledge of the Chinese language.In Peen-to, under which name it will season they seem to have got done

the meantime he edited a Chinese pass into the world's history ; if the growing, are alive, but no growth, all

PEACH NOMENCLATURE. magazine of a high literary and scien- almond-eyed Mongolians care to keep there)is of it; both are on stocks that

-. tific order, devoted to the introductioninto pace with the world's progress and retain do not suit the Kelsey plum.
Peen-to Pien Tau?-Are Bilwell's China and explanation of English their connection with this fruit At Zellwood, four miles from Mr.

Early and Barrs Daisy Identical. and Western science and-literature. they must alter their heathen jargonin Adams', on Captain Erwin's grounds,

Our readers are familiar with the Some years ago Dr. Allen's wife was conformity with modern usage. are two Kelsey plums that are from a

history of the Peen-to peach. Mr. in this country educating her children, Mr. DePass denies having asserted lot I got of Mr. Berckmans' in the
and while here traveled through Flor that Barr'ji Daisy and Bidwell's Early fall of 1885; the trees were planted in
. P. J. Berckmans, of Augusta, Ga., ida. When I informed her of the were identical, as implied by Mr. January following; this past season

raised from Australian seed the origi- Pien Tau-I then called it Peen-to- Steele, but gives it as his opinion that the smallest of the two produced

nal tree, from which the Florida stock she was surprised, and said: "I haveno they are. He says of"the hybrids" of thirty plums, a perfect wonder to .

has been derived. We quote his doubt that many Chinese fruits the Peen-to : everybody that saw it. These two

words: "When I disseminated this would grow here, for Florida remindsme "The best we have seen are the Bid- trees are on peach roots, and are very
r'' very much of China. The flat well peach and Barr's Dais}. Capt. vigorous. Three years ago I beganto
peach after it was fully tested in Flor- she called it she did observe the Peen-to in different
peach, aa ( not Barr wrote me that peaches from his sections -
ida, I declined to give it my name, as recognize the peach by the name of tree weighed as much as ten ounces. of this lower part of the State,

t f requested by Florida friends, who Peen-to, but description), "bears in .Those he sent me were, as to size, and which were budded on our wild'plum

were then cultivating it under thatappellation China the latter part of ,August." color and flavor, very much like the stocks. I did not have to see very muchof
is about the latitude of Au- it to that this stock would
because it was not a new Shanghai 'Bid well peach, and I should presume satisfy me
gusta and that region of Georgia. At them identical. not do. I have kept an eye on it since,
variety, but merely a reproduction ofa her instance I wrote to Dr. Allen con- and I don't believe any of our wild
There is wonderful
a similiarity
type, and gave it the generic name cerning Chinese fruits, and throughhim plums will do for Kelsey, or peach
between the fruit of tha round fruited
of Peen-to, which means Flat. Peach learned that the name was not either ; there is something wantingthat
in Chinese vernacular." Peen-to,but Pien Tau. Dr.Allen is now seedlings of the Peen-to.: Those we I will call lack of assimilation.In .

Every with the in Shanghai, and at the head of the have seen as originated by Bidwell, attempting to get rid of root disease -
one acquainted
Anglo-Chinese University, at which Cessna, :Minn rick and others in season, that the honey peach seems st
peach culture or the peach lore of not only the sons of the wealthiest, but / subject to here, I got a lot of trees
Florida, has noted. that the variety those in the highest official positions in quality, appearance prolificness, grown on Wild Goose stocks, moreas

generally known as Peen-to is, by one the empire are taught. In view of were so nearly alike as to be indistinguishable an experiment than otherwise; got

of our leading peach growers, persis- this fact, we called the peach Pien at least by the average ob them in the spring of 1886, sold some
Tau and much for the and Mr. Bidwell
so name. server. gave some away.
called Pien Tau and
tently we are But just here the fun comes in, and It seems to us, however, that Mr. planted two of them on high pine
glad of the opportunity to lay beforeour Mr. Steele must excuse us if we laugha DePass is in error iIf'calling these land, a dry soil. They have made a

readers his reasons for .so doing. little at him. He says: seedlings hybrids. We see no internal big growth, but any one to see themwill

In a recent issue of the Florida "It is not enough to say that Tien evidence of Honey blood, and this say That won't do ;" for the

Agriculturist of DeLand, Mr. W.,0. Tau' means flat peach in Chinese. Mr.; similarity of the several seedlings, to- tops are twice as large as the stocks.

Steele editor of Berckmans says that 'Peen-to' is the gether with the fact that this varietyis Again, to my near neighbor, Mr. Hull,
f' i",'ip.- i ,. our departmentfm' Chinese for flat peach. The truth is given to sports of this character in I gave a half dozen. He planted themon
;.:'.' '. -! -<:Ornamental Horticulture, calls in that neither is Chinese, but only an its native country, would seem to in- very rich cow-penned land that is

! [ question Mr. Jas. P. DePass'.spelling attempt to reproduce the Chinese dicate conclusively that they are naturally moist (a natural soil for the

of the word. Replying to this in the sound of the word in the English let- simply Peen-to seedlings. plum). The trees have made a rapidgr

Mr. DePass ters, and the chances are that Peentois > .wth, are three and a half inches in
same :
paper says as near right as Pien Tau, and has For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. diameter at the union, the stock quiteas
The first Mr. Steele makes
point is the added claim of priority and popu- PLUM STOCKS. large as the graft. The trees are
a good one. He says: 'It is a rule lar usage." '' larger than the next rows of trees
Mr. Mott the Peach and.
pomologists world over that Says Kelsey -
among : Peen and I looked them I
Neither Mr..Berckmans nor Mr. De ( -tos) as at
the originator has a right to give his Will Not Do on Native "
Pass has given the Chinese ; they know eaid, another pointer! .
new fruit a name. Then he proceedsto Plum Stocks.,
I ]
would rather have
nothing about it they any plumr
: *'Mr. J. P. Berckmans originated ; are simply try- Ip the DISPATCH of September 5th
say peach than plum stocks
on on ,
ing to give a Chinese sound (where grown
[italics ours] the Peen-to from I read Mr. Berckmans' article the
on in far south where
fruitedhe did they hear it?) in English: and any country enough
seed. the
'when tree Kelsey trees raised outside of
plum the roots would not be liable to be in-
named both have failed, for neither is Chi-
it the Peen to. It is
true Florida. I think it
nese. (Will Mr Strele please give us necessary jured by frost, were it not for the fact
that the originator| )!ach has the for Mr. Berckmans to reply to such
| that make
the true term 1))' The logic of that they a tree quicker on
right to name".it, and ':nona doubt complaints which looks
very ungrateful peach and will bear more than on
well will
that, but did Mr,,Berckmans originateor I paragraph- we say nothingof for to be since
the logic it is funny enough with- us now making, we plum roots, and I have got it to find
introduce "Peen'to" from im ; are able to walk alone. Of the
if lived.
out it.Mr.. out yet they are not as long .
ported seed? Now, if Mr. B. had successes 'we are reporting outside the JAMES Morn -

given his own.,name, or anybody else's Steele would have been more orange, not a drop in the bucket, com- ..

name to this peach, no one would nearly right if, he. had said "both paratively speaking, are from trees Dissemination of Bidwell's Early.In .

have objected, and the name would names are correct. In anglicising a planted here, that have been raised in an article from James Mott
have held,just as the name of Kelsey Florida Dudley W. Adams, in Tan-
Chinese word, sound is the only guide, which appeared in our issue for September -
did, the name he gave to the popular gierine, in the fall of 1884, received
from Did Mr. ] and the fact that one scholar spells 26th, entitled "Tree Agents'are
plum Japan. Kelsey from a Georgia nurseryman two little
originate the plum which bears his the anglicized Chinese word for flat summer budded Kelsey plums. I the following words: "Bidwell's

name simply because he introducd it? peach Pien Tau should not reflect in have often seen those little trees; now, Early was not named until July,1885,

Did Mr. B. originate or introduce it? the least upon the scholarship of a this third year, they are not over two and not a tree has yet gone out of his

;, Which? Now, the very fact that Mr. I savant learned in the Chinese feet high, and truly here is anothercase (Mr. Bidwell's) possession." This
B. says that Peen-to means flat peach language who spells it Peen-to. But in, which Georgia grown trees
in Chinese, shows that he attempted to after all it is not for scholars or linguists have failed in Florida. I was at his should read: "Bidwell's Early was

; give the name by which it was called but for Southern pomologists to place last Tuesday and suggested thatwe not named until July ,1885, and not a

abroad. Mr.' B. says somewhere, we name this fruit, and in conformity to find out what ailed the trees. We tree had (at that time) gone out of

cannot put our hand on it now, that the wish of the introducer by common dug into the roots of one and found it his possession." The blunder was thcompositor's
he obtained the seed from Australia, consent, by the action of State and to have been worked on plum roots.
and we hasten to make
and doubtless the name with it. national societies, by the usage of cata- In *Mr. Berckmans' article he ex-
We received our information direct logues and pomological works, they plained where the trouble comes from." the correction,as we have received

from China in regard to the name of have named it Peen-to ; whether thisis These trees are on high hill pine land. several letters protesting that .the

this _peach. It came to us throughthe a correct anglicism of the Chineseor A few feet away is a wild plum; likelythe writers had received the Bidwell's

Rev. Young J. Allen, I). D., LL. not it is the name of this fruit. seed has been dropped there since Early variety from Mr. Mott and

D., the distinguished missionary of theM John Chinaman may have nursed the land was cleared, or the tree had .
other the win-
E. Church, South. Dr. Allen has and gloated over his Pien Tau to the been planted before Mr. Adams came nurserymen as early as

been in Shanghai, China, for over exclusion of the rest of the world for there. In the spring of 1886 he cut ter of 1886-7, when it was firsts,put

thirty years. For years he was em- the last ten or a dozen centuries; but it off at the ground and put in two regularly upon the market by Messrs.

ployed in a high official position be- it has now passed into,the. hands' of,the Kelsey grafts, that grew seven or Bidwell and Mott.
". I .
,,' {
,. r
I .r ......... ,/

I '
tiwa '

.. \ .





Wheel" Cactus, which is the subjectof The difference between a grand oakor flowers, like human beings, grow more

Qmamental( W.ortaculhiie. our first illustration. This beauti- magnolia or tulip tree, grown with resplendently beautiful, more exquis-
all its graceful and majestic development itely fair and perfect by continual
ful is rare in fact it is
STEELE. : species very of head in a park, where it has culture. Indeed, the finest, cb oicest
BY W. C.
said to be.extinct, as a wild plant] the nothing to interfere with its expansionbut flowers are the very' result of civiliza-

Curious Cacti. only living'specimens being found in sky and air, and the same tree tion, cultivation and refinement, and
cultivation. It is so highly prized in shut up in. a forest, a fraction of a preach a continual lesson to our "race
The cultivation of the cactus familyis mile with taU of the wonderful and in-
Europe as to be catalogued as high as high, only a giganticmast transforming
,increasing very fast and becoming of a stem and tuft of foliage at fluence of a fine culture and 'perfecttraining.
quite general. Every species, varietyand $5.00 per plant, though it is now offered the top, is like the difference between MAc.Belair '
in this at from $1.00 to Grove, Sanford,
individual member of the genus country the best bread and most highly culti- .Fla.
$2.00 each. vated of the day and the best
i is a curiosit There are now known Pious Elastica, or India Rubber
. Plants with parti-colored leaves or buffalo hunter of the Rocky Moun- Tree. :,
to,botanists over 1,000 species or varieties -
knownas tains, with his sinewy body, tatooed
stems are popular, being
of cacti. Yet of all these, onlyone very and tanned till you scarcely know The following was clipped from an
These much
small sub-family, the pereskias, "foliage plants. what is the natural color of the skin. exchange some time ago, sand'unfortunately : "

comprising, so far as known, only sought-for variations of color are the A person accustomed to the wild we forgot .to mark the name on

result of cultivation, though the direct Indian only might think he knew it, so cannot give the proper credit.
So far the perfectly well what a man is and so
cause is unknown. effortsof The American Florist says that it i is J .
florists and other cultivators of indeed, he does, it'you mean a red
man. But the civilized man is not easily propagated by cutting a shoot
NVIG. X + cacti have only produced two'or three more different from the aboriginalman nearly off, and then binding some

varieties J of variegattd cacti. of the forest, than the cultivatedand packing moss about the wound and

f ,1 : /. Of these, Echinocactus Visnaga, perfect garden tree or shrub keeping it moist. It soon throws out
I which is the subject of our second illustration (granting always that it takes to civilization
M shoots into the sphagnum, 'when it
k'ra which like
is probably the best. It is ,. some trees, Indians,
___ do not), than a tree of .the pleasure may be cut off and potted.
Y ; marked by broad stripes of dark red, grounds differs from a tree in the "This is by no means a.difficult

alternating with green. It will be woods. plant to grow in rooms in winter, but
i f% .; seen that the dark bands of color do The finest revelation of this sort i is the room must be a warm one. It

t' M : not run directly around the plant, but made in England, by the clumps and will not thrive in a cool room, but
masses of our mountain laurel and our casts its foliage when so placed. It is i ia
alternate with at each rib.
green. Azalias and Rhododendrons, which plant that likes plenty of moistureat

For the FLOBID!MSPATC8. embellish their pleasure grounds. In the roots when in full growth, but
EOHINOOACTUS TURBINIFORMIS. "I HOME :ADORNMENT some of the great country seats, whole which quickly feels the effect of an
I acres of lawn, kept like velvet, are overdose of water in winter. From
thirteen species, have true leaves. All Plant Native Varieties of Trees,
made the ground work upon which now until warm weather comes,
the rest are destitute of anything resembling Shrubs and Flowers.It these masses of the richest foliagedand the earth to dry out, before wateringit

or approaching a true'leaf in is an old and familiar saying thata the gayest flowering shrubs are again. During hot weather waterit

outward appearance. The functionsof "Prophet is not without honor, ex- embroidered more freely,and should the plant beat
cept in his own country." While I Each mass is planted in a round or all pot bound, then waste no time
the leaves are assu med by the I
green was making my way, last spring, oval bed of deep, rich, sandy mould, .in repotting it"Gigantic .
find I or outer covering of the stems. through a dense forest in Florida, I in which it attains a luxuriance,a per- ,

They are nearly all easily grownif was tempted to apply this saying to fection of form and foliage which Seaweeds.

protected from frost and not kept things as well as people. How many would be as new to Florida pleasure Every one knows that the sea had

too wet. They are, therefore,very desi-- grand and stately trees there are in grounds as to a Sandwich Islander. larger animals than can be fours
our woodlands that are never heeded The brightest, 'the fairest, the sweet- on land; but, with the enormous sequoias -
rable house Most of them will
plants. by the arboriculturist in planting his est, the loveliest members of vegetable of California in mind, many

under favorable conditions, blossom lawns and pleasure grounds. How kingdom, and, save fair maidens ,and may be surprised to learn of vegetable
freely, and the beauty of their flowers many rich and beautiful shrubs that innocent childhood,the loveliest thingsin growths in the ocean vastly exceedingin

cannot be described by written or might embellish our walks and add the universe, are flowers. They length, though not in bulk,.these

printed words, they must be seen to variety to our shrubberies that are left have been well called "The Lyric giants of the forest. Recently the
to wave on the mountain crag, or over- Poetry of Creation," Horace Smith, ship "Clever," commanded by Capt.
be appreciated One of the most hang the steep side of'some forest val- author of that grand poem, "Moral John Stone, arrived at Montevideowith

ley. How many rare and curious Ruins," and to my mind, one of the a portion of a seaweed which had
flowers that bloom unseen amid the chiefest English poets, in hischarm been picked up in the Atlantic near

depths of silent woods, or along the ing "Hymn to the Flowers, ," calls them the Equator. The sailors perceivedan
margin of wild water courses. I have "day stars," "matin worshippers" object floating on the surface some

observed some of the American pleasure "loving preachers," "floral apostles," distance from the ship, and, manninga
grounds studded with the trees of "ephemeral songs,"and concludes with boat, they rowed to it and ascer-
Europe and Northern Asia, while the the enthusiastic declaration. tained that it was an alga of enormous

rarest spectacle in an American "Where I, O GOd, In churchless lands remaining size. On measuring it, it was:foundto
country place is to see above ,three or have a length upward of. fifteen
Far from all teachers and all divines
four native trees, rarer still, to find i My soul would find In flowers hundred feet.
r any but foreign shrubs. and rarest of: Of thy ordaining"priests, sermons, shrines. .
all to find any of our native wild flow- Truly, our Heavenly Father No.special soil is required for Cacti;
ers. Nothing strikes foreign horti- and the blessed angels, with a good loam and sand is all they require -,

culturalists and amateurs so much as all reverence be it said, must although it is generally safe to
this apathy and indifference of Amer- be lovers of flowers, for they are I' mix in a little lime rubbish, broken

INW0.t N uuuu i i W I I icans to the beautiful sylvan and floral scattered by the divine bounty with brick or potsherds.. The. two latter
products of their own country. We lavish hand, over,field and meadow, on ingredients keep the soil open. and
had always excused ourselves for the mountain and in valley. They nod to porous, a safe-guard against over-

widely known, by reputation, thoughthe well known neglect of the riches of us from the tall trees, they open their watering. .

plant itself is seldom seen, is the our native flora by saying that whatwe starry' eyes by the dancing musical which have bloomedonce
: Cereus can see any day in the woods, is streamlet, and smile serenely on us Hyacinths
.Night-blooming Cereus worthless for pot-culture l a
not the thing by which to make a gar- from the bosom of the placid lake. are ; "
It be well second time. For that
diflorus. may to men- purpose new
den distinguished. Since all mankind They are the acme and perfection of
and fresh bulbs should be used every
tion here fte fact that there are have a passion for novelty, whereas natural beauty. They give the finish-

several species of cacti that bloom in a fine foreign tree or ing,, touch to nature. They refine and |year.. 0 4

.at, night, but they are not therfore shrub both beauty and novelty complete the beauty of earth's brightest A front door-yard in Savannah,
the "Night-blooming Cereus.ecombined, so much greater is the plea- fairest scenes. They are to rocks Ga., is hedged about with Lilium Can-
sure experienced. But, indeed, one and fields, woods and trees, what the didum. .
Among the many curious forms, one I has only to go to England or to Scot- flushing cheek, the, ruddy lips, the L *, .

of,the most interesting is Echinocactusturbiniformis land, where American plants are the radiant flashing eye, are .to a lovely The Cyperus, or Umbrella ."Plant,

sometimes ,called "Fin fashion. ,:. woman or a handsome man. And grows readily from seed. .
r .' .."
t ,

...- .



1 mikTn .

10,1887.] -THE FLORIDA DISPATCH. sit

banged up hat. The reason for the and drink deep draughts of the per when we saw the white and, and the
pIOIIl.e Interests. battered condition of this stove-pipe, fumed air, heavy with the odor of the tough-looking wiregrass, and sometimes -
I Boon discovered, for twice on the orange blossdm, and peeping throughthe misgivings-would come that we
B IRS. E. A. HILL. I way was the towering affair swept off by glossy green foliage of the orange "might have made a mistake."
For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. the overhanging boughs, and as often tree, you will see the wood-embowered Well, after looking round a while,
From Illinois to Florida.-Part m were small "white trash" conveniently bungalo of the classical editor of the we located in a very pleasant neigh
BY H. C. REESE. near' asked to pick it up. Florida Fanner and Fruit Grower. borhood, buying a small orange grove
During the "season" when Northern Here you have, materialized, Mrs. and thirty acres of pine land. Our
Calm is the word to express the first people are here these "livery rigs"empty Stowe's description of the tropical "men folks" soon cleared a place and
sensations of l life in Florida. out the contents_ of the hotelsin home of the ideal St. Clair. But can commenced building a house, which .
"Why should life all labor be? a constant afternoon stream past our anyone have such a home? Yes, if we moved into in December the same
There Is rest but calm."
no country "villa," and I never see one he has the means and is fortunate: year. We have had much to learn,
"What is the use of hurrying?" saida without a smile, for like other gaudy enough to find such a one for sale, and and do not profess to know much
Northern man. "No one else hurries. things they look so much better at a there are many of them since the about the country yet; we could
You can't live in the South and work distance: Did you ever hear the very freeze of '86. report many failures, but we are not
p. ,as you do North." Be that as it may, recently published lines, "Distance My curiosity too me across the discouraged. We are planting more
I am now working more hours and lends enchantment ?" Just so with a river to visit the "haunted house." and raising more each season, and the
sleeping fewer than ever before. livery rig. [Was there ever a locality without a beauty of it is, you ,can keep right on
. I I Among the writers of the DISPATCHwe A letter from my'husband, then in haunted house, (1))] and I found an old planting here ; something is in season
are pleased to note persistent stu- Jacksonville on business, dated Feb- fashioned, entirely forsaken dwellingon all the time. We all enjoy this delightful l-
dents of the resources of this fair ruary, 1887, contained the glad news a high bluff whose base wa shaded climate ; we have no cold,
clime, who, by a wholesome interest in that he had purchased a "river front"on by live oaks a century or more old, disagreeable winters to dread ; the
others, as well as in themselves, are the St. Johns near Jacksonville I and lashed by the St. Johns tide. children have no colds, coughs or
resisting this apathetic tendency. On for the purpose of' making a Florida : Why, why you ask was such a lovely croups, which are so very distressing
such the future of Florida rests. Theyare home. There was much joy around home spot ever abandoned to snakes, in a cold climate, and the summers are
self producers, self-workers, self- that ingleside at the glad news. Emily lizzards and tramps? I am sure I do generally breezy and pleasant. Dur
thinkers, independent as well as polite, thought all Northern exotics, but especially not know, for I am told it has not ing the hottest days we can alwaysfind
ashamed to look no one in the face tea-roses, grew wild and were been occupied for years; such placesare a cool, shady place to rest.
because clad in a working garb. blooming in the yards the year round, so numerous, and so near Jacksonville Improvements are soon made ; herein
There is no State in the Union and that the woods were full of nuts that one naturally asks why, our door-yard where it was sandwire-
where people are judged< so nearly for and delicious wild fruits (she had and the nearest solution of the ques- grass and tall pines, we have a lawn,
what they really are as in Florida, gotten her ideas from the"Swiss Fam- tion that I can get is in the orange clay walks, flowers, and shrubbery,
and this, to any honest person, and ily Robinson." but still declares that dream. and to the left an orchard of young
especially to new-comers, is. a real this is what Northern people ard madeto After the war, the cotton industry fruit trees ; while to the right and be-
comfort, beside which the feverish believe). Newton thought he could died out, and the land or plantationsin hind is the grove and arbor for grape
desire to "go in the best society," fish and 'swim all the time and lead a consequence were abandoned, until vines ; this is the greatest place for
whether belonging there or not, so general amphibious life (he has not the dream seized the people that be- vines of every description, here they
peculiar to the greater part of the been disappointed) while little Dell cause a few orange trees had succeededin threaten to cover the house, barn and
United States, is as moonlight into was eating a large orange from "earlymorn the Southern part of the State, they fences; a nice place is soon made, as
sunlight. We want real men, not to dewey eve;" and I-what didI would elsewhere. Hence the land we seldom have killing frosts, but
\ shams. Shams are no more the bane of I long for-principally a rest from the found eager purchasers in tracts of people ought to come out and make
society than of other rapidly-develoo cold, incident to the Northern winters; five, ten, thirty or more acres whichwas homes, and not go back North to spendthe
ing countries, but we are glad there is but I confess also to visions of abundant planted wholly to orange trees. summers, for I think those who
a universal feeling here that a stake fruits and flowers. Who that has The l land could be bought at merely a cannot be happy here are hard to
must be driven, saying emphaticallyto not learned otherwise, does not have nominal price, but it was soon foundto satisfy,but I think I have said enough: ;
all dishonest means of peopling the them; and what uninitiated Northerner cost often, a hundred dollars an your readers will begin to think I am
country, "You hall go no further; does .not imagine that money acre before ready to plant, which took in love with
and the driving maul is in the handsof grows faster on orange trees than any- many beyond their means, and as Florida.MRS.. M. J. W.
the real men and women;those who where else? paying returns could not be expectedfrom Round Lake.
.. .
consider the body more than rai "Veni, vidi, viciwe came and six to twelve years, they were
ment/ and who feel that their powersare saw, and our visions of a home amid compelled to abandon the whole en .
God-given, and to him alone are tropical and flowers" are con terprise and return to the city, storeor Becipes.Our
they responsible. It is modified but Georgiana Indian River
quered for several years to come; and shop. correspondent -
nevertheless a distinctive Puritan 'element even so will it be with you, my friend, .. sends us the following:
and if they should ever organize, when you first behold "Florida For the FLORIDA D sp ATCH. To CAN GUAVAS.-1st. Pare themas
a proper name would be, "The Societyof plantation" which to you now seems A Nice Place Soon Made. you would peaches; if two large for
the Mayflower." such a place of "rest. Methinks I: Editor Home Interests: the mouth of the jar, cut them throughtha
Let not the sturdy loyalty to home hear you singing, while washing the Having been much interested in the centre, but not from stem to blos
and country peculiar to the Anglos dishes for those twenty harvest hands- various replies to Mrs. M. W.'s letter som, as the seed are more apt to fall
on pass away ; rather let it be fos.tered. from Illinois, which appear from weekto out; place them in an agate kettle
Do not detain ,for I'm
To where the fountains me are going ever flowing. week in your department, I have with !a half-pint of water and three
. Floridians especially are reaping the I can tarry, I can tarry,but a night. decided I would "have a word in," tablespoonfuls of sugar to each quartof
reward of that Saxon energy that Well, come with me, yonder is and tell a little of our experience. We, guavas; let them come to the boil;
broke the yoke of Spanish Catholic.* flowing" the grand St. Johns, dotted that is husband and I, were raised in lift them out into the jar with a silver
- ism from off the neck of St. Augustine with rafts, skiffs, sail, boats, steam ferries Wisconsin, that country of wide ex fork, placing the pealed side next to
" and brought to an inglorious end Northern schooners and Bermuda tremes-so cold in winter that the the jar;; when full of fruit, pour on the
that Spanish presumption the "Invin- Island vessels, all speaking plainlyof mercury touches 36 below zero; in juice until the jar is level full and
'" cible Armanda." Where did we get a busy maritime life. But I see summer the heat is almost unendurable seal. In this way they look very
. that sweet word "home?" From your questioning eye wander back to ,especially the sultry nights. "peachey" and are really better.
the Saxons. Let us remember this, the landscape as you venture to ask : In 1875 we moved to Southern SPICED GRAPES.- To half a gal-
. and cultivate the bone, sinew and "Can this wilderness ever tie}) made to Kansas, hoping to find a warmer climate lon take one pint of vinegar, one
} muscle necessary to the making a blossom as the rose?" Why, bless and it was quite an improve. teaspoonful of cloves one of spice and
i' home. \ you, there is too much blossom here ment, the mercury descending but to one of cinnamon, and can the same as
Monday,found Jacksonville with its now, of the palmetto sort, and not 25 below zero, and that only occasion- plain canned fruit grapes.
sand foundation struggling to preserve enough wilderness" to make it look ally; but this was too cold and we be --------+. .
identity under the disintegrating effects sufficiently old-fashioned and heath gan to read about Florida, and soon A solution of bromide in water will
'of a drizzling rain that was more enish to make a classically Southern had a desire to try it; so,in the springof kill the smell proceeding from earth
like a dropping fog. Nevertheless, so home. Go half a mile further on the 1884 we disposed of many of our saturated with illuminating and sew-
anxious were we to behold the spot shell road/' and pass in through a household treasures, always exceptingthe erage gas, and all dangerous effluvia
which in future, "providence permitting large white gate, if you wish to see a children, and, as one remarked, from recently disturbed soil ; and a
',> ," we were to call home, that a Florida wilderness as well as an ideal "burned the bridges behind us," small amount is instantly efficacious.
:' family carriage was sent around ; Southern home. You will gaze, and and Ibid good by to sunny Kansas, It seems to proceed on the principlethat
' which was one of those pretentious gaze, while feasting your soul upon bound for the so.called "Landof when two bad smells meet ,they
' affairs with a protentious colored the overhanging coolness ,of the wide, Flowers." We came expecting to kill each other, to the great relief of
;. driver in a pretentious not'ill fitting 'moss-hung branches 'of the live oak, stay,'and were somewhat discouraged the nostrils.aroBBB ..
-', "i
,y t. ",I -1
\ .
\ ..

. ,.
...... e4 : ,
T '-lj.' ,"-J."'';:",:=0"rr''"..-C'/: ,?'" :-.." ;": ..




----- --- -----

I .EDITORIAL- . DEPARTMENT.. 'contiguous counties there are a num- Kedney also] enlighten us on another by year, shall be broken-until the
:: E. :0 ber of J local clubs or unions which important point, namely: Are the Sea Island cotton planter] of Middle
A. H. MANVILLE, Editor.'
.II have not as yet been visited. They juices in fruit of this variety matured Florida shall send his long staple

Contents. hold a convocation at Gainesville on equally as'early every year and on all grown nowhere else in such perfec-

THE FABH-Alfalfa or Lucerne...._....... 835 the 12th inst., at which delegates from soils and in all locations, and if not, tion, to the great markets of the
The Grass Crop...... ..... ...... .....s.. 836 the Alliance will be present, and it is what influence do these conditions world in the form of thread, destroyingthe
THE ORANGE GROVE-A Summer Orange 838
THE OBCHAKD.-Peach Nomenclature; probable that these clubs will then have on its earliness? moneyed oppression of Clark &

.. Ewell's Plum Early Stocks..,;.Dissemination..?.... .......... ..of...Bid-..'... 839 come into the Alliance, materially in- There are conditions' and locations Coats-until the tobacco growers of
ORNAMENTAL HORTICUI/TUBB-Curious creasing its numbers and power. that mature all varieties of the orange Gadsden and Columbia shall send:
Cacti; Home Adornment; Ficus Elastic -
a. or India Rubber tree; GiganticSea The officers elected at the recent much earlier than is usually the case, their product to market in the form of
Weed ..... ..... .......?,........._. 840
HOME INTERESTs-From Illinois to Flor- State Alliance are in themselves a and it is important to distinguish be cigars, realizing all its superior quality -

THE ida GARDEN-Strawberry; A Nice Place Soon Hade Culture; Recipes'; The 841 sufficient guarantee of efficient man- tween early variety and earliness by brings-until mortgages shall be

Garden; Profitable"Cuke"Culture. ..... 844 agement and vigorous propagation. reason of extraneous conditions. lifted and debts (paid, and until our e.

TBOPIOAX.Pine Apple PLANTS.Culture-Natural In Florida.Resources..........;. 845 President Wilson, Secretary Hall and Just here it occurs to us to remind farmers occupy the high position

FAKMEBS Alliance ALLIANCE... .. ......-..Florida.... ......Farmers. .... ...... 846 their associates will make a strong Mr. Reasoner that our queries regard which their honorable and enobling #
THE NURSERY........ . .............848 team. ing the C. H. Foster orange remain vocation should command. ,
EDITORIAL-The Alliance In Florida;The .
It be that .
A Great Move- will seen by our report
Early Spanish Orange
A Good Appointment.
ment; A Good Appointment.. .. ,,._. 842 the editor of the DISPATCH has been .. .
METEOROLOGICAL ., ....,.... ,. .... ., .. ... 843 Great Movement. It is rumored that our regular cor-
PUBLISHER'S DEPARTMENT.... .. ...... 843 elected president of the Alliance:
THE FARMERS ALLIANCE843 Board of Publication, under whose Concentration, consolidation, .combination respondent, Mr. P. /W. Reasoner, of
b I co-operation, these are the Manatee, (Manatee county), has been
auspices will be issued the FloridaFarmer8'
The Alliance in Florida. watchwords of the hour. All classes tendered by the Director-General, and
Alliance, State organ'of the
We publish elsewhere in this i issue and all pursuits, save farmers and has accepted the appointment of Chief
Alliance, and other literature of the
the." ,first full and authentic account of order. Our readers will appreciatethe farming, have benefitted by their ap- of the Division of Horticulture of the

the organization and development of distinction thus conferred the plication. Although agriculture laysat Sub-Tropical Exposition.. No more
the Farmers Alliance in this State. the foundation of all industry, the competent and efficient person couldbe
as we pjsrsonol confidence -
We had been for some time noting expressed. The Alliance and failure of those engaged in tilling the found to fill this position, and the

the rapid spread of this organizationin the DSIPATCH, each with its peculiar soil to grasp the conditions of success appointment. not only assures the success -

the States immediately north and mission, will be laborers in the great imposed by the spirit of the age has of the horticultural display, buts ..
'west of us, but must confess that untilwe passed into a truism, "Farmers can't an assurance to the public that
work which has for its object the ame
attende 1 the recent meeting of the co-operate." At last, however, they Director-General Paine and his associates
lioration of the condition of our farm
Florida Farmers Alliance at Mari- seem rousing to their condition and have the conditions of success
ers and tillers of the soil.
anna, we had no adequate conceptionof ) 4 the necessity of immedate action. We well in hand, and are surrounding

its enthusiastic reception and rapid The Early Spanish Orange.On hear of organizations everywhere.In themselves with men not only com-

progress in this State. the 30th ult., we received from this country great movements petent, but in hearty sympathy with

No similar movement ever found Mr. H. S., Kedney, of Winter Park have been time immemorial from the work.

foothold in Florida, and it was pre Orange county, the well known orange east to west, and latterly from northto Mr. Reasoner i is a member of the

sumable that its progress would be i and lemon grower and nurseryman, south. But it is a time of changeand committee appointed by the Florida

slow at best. But it is spreading liko i several specimens of the Early Spanish revolution. We see this in the Nurserymen's Association on nursery

wild fire, and singularly enough it has Orange. In the letter accompanying great agitation now moving eastwardand exhibit, and will himself exhibit, for

first found lodgment among the farmers the fruit, Mr. Kedney says: northward from far-away Texas. the firm of Reasoner Bros., several car

of West and Middle Florida, the "I tested yesterdaySeptember 28th) We refer to the Farmers Alliance, of loads of Tropical and Semi Tropical!

most conservative class of the most some twenty varieties of oranges, someas which we give a full account else plants. .

conservative section :)f the State. yellow as gold, and found all of. where, and which now' promises to -
Our forms held back this week
Not among leaders or amateurs or them without exception /perfectly sour become the most powerful organization
for the of the Farmers' Alliance
so-called "gentlemen farmers, but and unfit for shipment, while the Early of this country.
which did reach office
among the rank and file of sturdy Spanish I consider an extra good The Alliance bids fair to escape the our
until usual time
yeomanry. We feel that wo can orange considering the season. I am rocks and shoals that have wrecked Friday morning, our
for to We trust however
claim to the Florida Alliance similar movements and going press. ,
kinship shipping now my small crop of themto many we
that the unusual of this mat-
as the DISPATCH emanates from the thoroughly test them in the markets. have faith to believe it has before it a interest
ter will readers for
same section having been born some Among those tested were the Early great future. In fostering education, this compensate our

twenty years ago at Live Oak, in Middle Oblong, the Sweet Seville and Beach'sNo. promoting 'progressive farming, in delay. 0S4

Florida, and it is glad to welcomea 1." developing social improvement and Answers to correspondents ;have

fellow helper in the great cause, from The specimens received were of encouraging moral reform, it will been crowded out of this issue, but

the home of its youth. L good size and quality, just beginningto elevate the intellectual and social will appear next week.

The development of this organization turn from green to yellow, thoughthe status of. our husbandmen,and further- I. 4

in Florida has been phenomenal. green still predominated, nothing, more it y will and does have a direct* influence -* Duncan Bros., of Clear Water,

Oswald Wilson, now president of the remarkable in appearance of exterioror on their financial betterment. Hillsborough county, have our thanksfor .

State Alliance, commenced work as interior; the juices, however, which Combining thus for business purposes oranges received.In .

State Organizer, on June 15, 1887. were abundant, were not only palate each and every farmer through the <

On September 13th the Alliance had ble but were quite mature, somethingwe Alliance secures a commercial rating Santa Rosa county, near Milton,

1,000 members, on October 4th its seldom find in oranges at this season l in the business world ; he can buy the Hon. William Judge, an old resi-

its membership numbered 2,000. The of the year, even in fruit that we pro. direct from the mill and the producer dent of that section; has an apple or-
chard of 100 trees which now hold on
field was, however, ripe for the nounce fit for market or table. and sell direct to the consumer, reduc- their over-loaded branches at least

harvest. Local organizations had Will Mr. Kedney favor the DisPATCH ing his expenses and increasing his 300 bushels of large, ripe apples.

sprung up all over the State which with a history of this orange I income. We hope and trust that this From some of these trees late fruit can

gladly availed themselves of the op- and its introduction or origination,, great movement will roll on until it be plucked at Christmas. In the vicinity

portunity of joining the Great Al- and also give our readers some account t embraces the entire farming population of DeFuniak Springs are orchards
from of
eighteen to
liance. Up to this time the work has of his marketing same, and the result -until the bonds of monopolyand that bear freely and twenty regularly years every age,

been confined to West and a portionof as a variety for profit and as comparedwith i organized capital which are tightening year, and fruit of the finest quality .

Middle Florida. In Alachua and,. I other early sorts? Will Mr. their hold on the farmer year, Ex.


.. ., ., .
:r' :':' 'Aj; i':, -
: : : .
., "" ..
v''w,''': t" 'j;a. it-"""' .


< 0: ;a..i :- '-' ...i." ,' :' "f.\\ k .i -{. '-, 1't,:. .,

-- '"--"'" -"". : .. .-...
.w -...,.:r"h--"..". .-",." -" ""..,,,a, er wn. ".: A,.,-.'r"V.M.a," -.,,"",.,-. 'I' "t, -', -' .' '," "."' ,,_,";;;_-:17">-,'-- .._."... ." '"'.'-.kJ"' ., , "-<',C'-- ; ,




--- --
1 THE FARMERS ALLIANCE. and home interests, should set forth suIting in an immense saving to the PUBLISHER'S DEPARTMENT.

our declaration of intentions, we therefore farmers. ..

Great' Co-Operative Movement resolve, The Alliance is not a political or CHAS.. W. DACOSTA, Publisher .,_
t Among; Southern Farmers. 1. To labor for the education of the ganization. Its very first principle is THE FLORIDA:DISPATCH

The National Farmers Allianceand agricultural classes, in the science of to labor for the education of the agricultural Is a 24-pageweekly..devoted to AOBICITLTUBE,

Co-operative Union of America is economical government in strictly classes in the science of economical HORTICULTURE, NDUSTRY, IMMIGRATION
non-partisan spirit. government in a strictly nonpartisan -
the long name of a new but powerful
2. To indorse the motto, "In things spirit. This does not prevent of SUbscription.

agricultural organization formed by a essential, unity; in all things, char members from exercising their individual Two Dollars per year in advance,postpaid

union of the State Alliance of Texas i ity." political preferences; but no to to any foreign part of countries the United comprised States.or in Canada,Postal

and the Farmers Union of Louisiana, 3. To develop a better state, men- Alliance as a body should take partin Union,Two Dollars and Fifty nod+;. -
The date'when the subscription is
the Wheel of Arkansas, the Hub of 1 tally, morally, socially and financially. party politics. But the education on the Address Label of each paper expires, the
North Carolina and other similar 4. To better change of which to a subsequent date be-
or create a understanding which men get in the Alliance makes I comes a receipt for remittance. No other receipt -
ganlzatlOns.It i for sustaining civil officers in them more or less independent of party is sent unless requested.
is scarcely a year old. But the J maintaining law and order. lines, and qualifies them to lookout subscription The paper,is unless stopped previously at expiration renewed.of the

Farmers' Union and the Texas Alliance 5. To constantly strive to secure for their own interests rather the When old and a change of address is desired, both
new addresses should be given.
have been in progress of devel-
opment for ten years past. Since i all mankind and brotherly love among cians.C. Remittancesat

1880 both organizations have grown
rapidly, especially during the last two 6. To suppress per onal, local, sec- is president of the National Farmers I registered or postal order letter or payable by check to, express CHAS. W.order DA-,

years and the order had, some months 1 tional and national prejudices; all unhealthful Alliance and Co-operative Union, and COSTA Publisher of the It Wrtda Dispatch,

since, over 5,000 subordinate alliancesin 1 rivalry and selfish ambition. E. B. Warren of Waco, Tex., secre- those THE who FLORIDA DISPATCH is sent free to
advertise in It,
as adver-
long as
Texas alone, with 200,000 members, 7. The brightest jewels which it 1 tary. The Mercury, of Dallas, Tex., tisement continues.Address

Louisiana 30,000 members and 300 garners; are the tears of widows and i is.the official organ of the National CHAS. W. DACOSTA Publisher
subordinate alliances.; The order is orphans, and its imperative commandsare organization.The Jacksonville,Florida.Reopened .

rapidly spreading in Arkansas, Missouri to visit the homes where lacerated [ essential facts above given appeared -
for the
Kentucky, Tennessee, Missis- hearts are bleeding; to assuage the some time since in the Home
sippi, Alabama, Georgia and the Car sufferings of a brother or sister; and Farm, but have been rewrittenand Commission The well known Merchant house and of Forwarder E. Bean,

olinas. Some fifty organizers are at bury the dead; care for the widows brought down to date especially established in 1875, talks to the readers,
work in different congressional: districts and educate the orphans; to for the FLORIDA DISPATCH.] of the FLORIDA DISPATCH to-day in his
with authority to appoint depu- exercise charity toward offenders ; to -.H 1 well written advertisement. Mr. Bean

ties. The last official report gave the construe words and deeds in their, FELLOWSHIP, FLA. April 7, 1887. makes supplies.a specialty He has of branch orange at growers1 Gaines-
total membership at 500,000, and it la : most favorable light, granting honestyof Dr. A. T. Shallenberger, Rochester, Pa. ville, Fla., and enjoys a large and lucra-
hoped that the :National Farmers' purpose and good intentions to DEAR SIR-I was agent for the sale of tive trade.
Alliance, which meets on the 12th others, and to protect the principlesof your Antidote for Malaria at Elisabeth- .
inst. at Shreveport, La., will representa the Alliance unto death. Its laws town, Ky., when chills were almost uni- Catarrh Curd
versal season. The medicine cured A clergyman] after oi
every years suffering
membership of 1,000,000 farmers. are reason and equity, its cardinal ,
when all else failed. It was my habitto irdm that loathsome disease, Catarrh,
This organization is distinct from doctrines inspire purity of thought and say that I could live in a frog pond and vainly trying every known remedy,
what may be called the Western Alliance life, its intention ia "peace on earth without danger to myself, but that con at last found a prescription which completely
which has its membership and and good will towards men." ceit has been taken out of me, for last cured and saved him from death.
field of fall I had a violent attack of chills. I Any: sufferer from this dreadful disease
in the
operation North- The officers, whether of a local,
remembered the Antidote, procured a sending a self addressed stamped envelope -
west.The county, State or National Alliance, bottle, and was cured immediately. I to Prof. J. A. Lawrence 212, East
system of organization of the consist of a president, vice-president, now say to every one suffering from 9th St., New York, will receive they
Alliance is modeled somewhat after secretary, treasurer, lecturer, assistant Malaria, don't fool with quinine; it ma recipe free of charge. .
the Each alliance be good, but Shallenberger's is better, .
Grange. organizedpays lecturer, door keeper and assistant .
and don't make deaf, either. Wanted.
a fee of$9, of which $4 goes to door keeper. The lecturer is requiredto Your you friend, A milch cow not over six years old

the national secretary for an outfit deliver an address or read an articleon E. H. HATCKAFT. with young calf, or to come in in Octo-

and charter, and $5 is paid to the organizer some topic of interest to the,order, benor November; must give at least ten

for his work and expenses relating to agriculture, at each meet Truck Farming. quarts of milk.' a day.
The initiation fee for each member i is ing. No person shall be a member Fine large Cauliflower plants, Veitch's Florida Address X Y Z,

50 cents, with quarterly dues of 2": except he has been a State resident for !. Autumn Giant and Early London, $3 Florida. Dispatch Office, Jacksonville,

cents, or $1 per year; but. the women six months, and he must be a farmer, per 1,000., $1,50 Tomato 1,000. plants,-replantedtwice .

are exempt from fees and dues. By a farm laborer, mechanic, country HARESFOOT per FARM, Kissimmee, FlaMeteorological. The Best I Have Ever Known- /
laws are provided, and the order has a school teacher, physician or a ministerof --4 BROWNSVILLE, Tenn Dec. 30, 885.. '
general constitution which the subordinate the Gospel, of good moral charm Mestrs. R. A. Robinson & Co., Louisville -

organizations must not trans ter, believe in the existence of a Su ,...0.- Ky ,
gress; but the latter can make 1 their preme Being, be of industrious 4C; .'CS a s.:.. .. Gentlemen-I have been handling
jaaWa t s.: ::: as CIS as
own by-laws, subject to the provisionsof habits, a white person, and over e2giaeV ; . yourHughes' Tonic for a number of
i and
a1n' a ouo'ooex years pronounce it the best chill
the constitution. sixteen years of age. Women are ) an I remedy I have ever known. During the
The Grange never acquired a per admitted. The Alliance differs from past two years I sold nearly twelve
manent foothold in the Southern the Grange in taking in mechanics E S M D 1 PlumB IJ'8P u K I .co..aMbntaL. eq CO gross insuring every bottle, and I think
States its 1c one dozen would cover all losses. It
owing probably to organic and excluding children, and there are Q) -
comes nearer being a universal chill
inadaptability to the needs and ideas' other points of difference in the initiation .g c .dtiootaA I coo.ra..aoc.o: than anything, I ever handled. cure
of the farmers of this section. The fees,. general laws and manage -C) ati< a: Yours truly,

Alliance on the contrary is peculiarlya ment; but the purposes of both ordersare c c;. 3 'aol3oailQ WW (Signed) STACY LORD.
Southern institution. It had i its essentially the same. The Alli mzzx3rw Prepared by R. A. Robinson & Co., ,,
.E tj (I.
in and is confined the South ; Druggists Louisville,Ky.
origin to ance votes in its members who are -a Sa ctQ Sold at retail by Druggists generally.
and in all probability will become a sworn to secresy. Liw suit, difficulties : .sqipaipunqpuu .0 "ic OQ 4
Powerful organization in every State and trials are provided for within w po M U\JJUIW saqoui JllsI uj sFHSg o Guavas Wanted.

Mason &Dixon's line. the order. Q) CIS IIQ Will pay highest market price. Write)
I .
Its growth has been of a mushroomcharacter The Alliance pays great attentionI : x; I I po :8 ee us before engaging your crop.LrrmEFIELD ".,.

however, the number o f to business affairs. Co-operative *,-. W Iat1RA8alQ c.o: Nhhhh y ,g..., &SXEERE,."
< I I Jacksonville Fla.
subordinate alliances in Texas baying cotton and lumber yards are being ..o... z a .i Qe.. .. .- ,

been increased from 500 in Au started under its supervision at various *r.**. :c t2 I mnuxlUIN ,i: i :g J.Zi: -m Choice varieties of all kinds of Fruit.

gust 1886, to nearly 5,000 in one year, points in Texas, and determined efforts O 0. I ooooaSaooOGOi 3 :I a Trees. For free catalogue address, .
that its officers and members will 1 made Q) o CHAS. KELLER* :
so are being to bring about .-- -....,5 f: Texas Hill
Q Nursery Monticello
have exercise not to the erection of a4 nb ,
to great care cotton and woolen I ... .
wreck their noble ship on, the rocks mills, tanneries and other factories for ; .l31amQI'BtI.:! g g1q a EF"- Send postal to Altamonte Nurseries
o"Si ,
'Ba U'B3J( .
which have sunk many a similar efIort.The the utilization at home of the products -. I i i i i sa: l Altamonte, Orange Co., Fla., for cata-

objects of the order are well set! of I he farm. '"o ... .. .. : : "1G.".. logue. See advertisement. '

forth in its brief declaration of pu rAs an illustration of the magnitude 3 O. 'I.!...I ija: : :d.- : JQO!.0 EsCo. H= We would call the. .attention of those
of the work ;;It
poses.Profoundly- it might be .m. '.".;' d :) a... ::7B8S'a orange growers having ripe oranges to
impressed that we, the mentioned that the Alliance Cotton m t4 I co Pt + bzmNao ":dI I the advertisement of C.: ft. Porter & Co.,
< ; WtaS
Farmers Alliance, united by the I Exchange of Texas handled 400,000 a ':S'Saf: fcoK of Atlanta in another coinmn.: The firm

strong and faithful", ties of financial bales of cotton in a single season, re ::$ :d H :: Ba;;> swant laxly during consignments the Exposition.of oranges, particu.

>\ .


x ,
e -"-

TNb A S'tl lak&;TA A-- "',', : ., ss z. r



them. This trouble can be avoidedby ligent care and attention, while any its thorough and minute incorporation ? ...."" "A.
Qlfden. '; adopting the following plan, whichis defects will also present themselvesand and also, to bring every particle '" '
", .. coming into use quite extensively prompt remedies be applied. of the soil into the most minute eubd j./j .
For the FLORIDA DISPATCH.STRAWBERRY. among the strawberry growers of Many\ spare minutes will then be spentin vi.ion possible! are axioms so trite aVto
CULTURE.' Florida: Set out two rows of plants a the garden, the needs of the plants need no repetition. The ga/< en
foot apart, then leave a space of three will be seen as they arise from day to should be in the highest possible site
Setting out the Plants. feet ; set two more rows one foot apart, day, while they will be much more of tilth. SHERMAN ADAXS.
There is considerable difference of then another three-foot space, and alternate likely to receive the loving and kindlycare Gabriella, Fla.,August. .25,1887. //'
opinion in this State as to the best in this way across the 'patch. so indispensable to the highest For the FIXJEIDJL DISPATCH.*++ -:> /. .
method of setting out a strawberry By this method'of planting you can success. It will be treated as a gar- PROF ABLCUTUBEd .
patch. \ set as many plants on an acre 'as if den rather than as a field. The neces-' .. -
The first disputed point is as to the rows were regularly two feet apart, sary work will be done more as a $480 Net Per Acre and Two Other
whether the plants should be set on while it gives the advantage of wide pleasure than as a matter of laborious Crops a Year Off Same
level ground or on ridges. Some ad- spaces in which to stand while pick- toil. Plants seem almost to have a Land.
vocate making up a large ridge as if ing. The distance between the plantsin spirit of sympathetic intelligence that Last February one of my neighbors
for sweet potatoes, then leveling off the rows may vary from ten to fifteen enables them to know whether theyare concluded to plant a patch of cucum
the top a little, and setting the plantson inches. The richer and more cared for by one who feels an in bers. Nothing strange in that, plentyof
this. While this plan may workon moist the land the closer you may set terest in their well-being and complete other fellows experiment in ,that
very well moist land, it will not do the plants. development, or by the hired man sort of a thing every year around .
at all on high dry land. Strawberry I usually trim all, or nearly all, the whose chief ambition is to get over so Archer and Arredondo and elsewhere, A
plants need an abundant supply of leaves from strawberry plants. It much work during the day and make and with more or less success, gener-
water; thousands of plants are burned makes them easier to handle in 'set sure of his day's wages. Consequently ally less. But this bold adventurer.
up every year for lack of it. A short ting, and they are lese liable to wilt if the daily attention of the owner made such a shining success, that I
allowance water during the fruitingseason the weather is very hot. and his family is indispensable to the have felt moved to confide in the DISPATCH
invariably cuts down the crop When carrying plants to the fieldI ,highest success of the garden, and by the open secret. The cucum-
by reducing the size of the berries. always pack them in a box very their intelligent hands should be"dor, ber business is as uncertain, you know,
My first experience in growing straw- carefully, which is kept covered withan all but the heavier, coarser and more as the verdict of a petit jury, the
berries in Florida 'was on flat woods old grain sack to shade them from toilsome labor. Let your affections go wind or anything else variable. The
land, and the plants were set on beds the sun. When setting in double out to the plants in your garden as seed planted, what escape thA moles
fifteen feet wide and ditches about six rows it is better to have two men to you busy yourself among them and the next week are gently breathed
inches' deep between, leading into one set the plants and a boy to drop them.A you will secure a reward greater, upon by a manitoba zephyr and the
small ditch which I supposed would boy or,girl ten or twelve years old higher and better than can be measured remainder shrivel under a "dry
drain the patch, but after a few hours can drop the plants as fast as two men in dollars and cents, as well as drouth," or the cut worm fells the
rain, I have seen the water standing can set them, and keep at it all day those also. plant. You re-plant, cover, dig and
over the whole patch, and not a straw- without'being overworked. Two men The gardener should determine the worm, and by May send in your crates
berry plant in sight, only the tip of a with a boy to drop for them can set proportionate amount of space that he of white spires. Then the commissionmen
leaf here and there above water. The more plants in a day than four men will devote to each product before a wail like the 3d chapter of La-
result was necessarily a total failure, can set if they try to keep their, plantsin plant is set or a seed sown.' A great mentations-only more so. On the
for though strawberry plants need a box or pan and take them out for help in this will be secured by drawing 25th of April cukes 65> on the 5th of
plenty of'water, yet stagnant water themselves one at a time as needed.I 'a plan on paper, according to a May cukes $5, on the 6th your two
about the roots is fatal. X then drained always have the dropper carry the regular scale of feet and inches, on crates find themarket; glutted 62. And
the land by means of ditches eighteen plants in a pan or pail of water, so which the area of the garden is accurately by: the end of the season happy is
inches deep, thirty feet apart. In that the roots are dripping when taken ,shown, sub-divide with paths, he who can pay for crates and paper;
plowing the furrows are all thrown to out ; then, if the sun is shining, there alleys and.beds plainly marked out, and the last end of that man is ethan
the centre, giving a gentle slope'to... should never be more than two or giving the requisite space to each pro- the first. So it is a relief to
wards the ditches. three on the ground ahead of the one duct. While doing this he must take read of the lucky man, and he is will-
i On these lands I set my strawberry that is setting. In this way the roots into consideration the natural charac- ing to tell how it is done. His landis
,plants without any ridges, rather sInkIng are kept fresh and the work is pushedas teristics of each plant he desires to fair pine, was well broken in the
the plants a little below the cur- rapidly as is consistent with the grow, and if, as so often happens, the fall, plowed in January. February
face. The result has been very satis- thoroughness necessary to success. I garden plot has diverse characteristicsof laid off in rows four feet apart.. A
factory, I get very large fine berries always tell those who are setting thatI soil, moisture, shade, exposure to or ton of good fertilizer was well worked
and the plants never suffer either from want them to put out as many as protection from winds, frost, sunshine, into 2,700 hills. The first week of ,
excessive rain or the most severe possible and be sure they are doing it etc., he must take into consideration the February the seeds were planted. The
drouth.As well, but that I would rather they relative adaptability of the several. I March freeze scorched many hills, that
the result of my experience and would only set 100 in a given time plants to these diverse conditions.The were re-planted at once. May 1st,
from observation of other beds, I advise and have them all live, than to set 500 shading of one plant by the first crate was shipped, 14th June
selecting very 'moist land, and, in the same time and have all of them, another must also be regarded as wellas the 359th ended the shipping. Gross
after draining it thoroughly not less or even one-half of them die. the nature of the roots, whether proceeds, 6727X)0; ) ; checks, 6451.00 ;
than eighteen inches deep, setting the W. C. STEELE. they,spread thickly near the surface or fertilizer,$41.00 ; 620.00; crate fi
plants on the level surface,and not on Switzerland, Fla.,Sept....22d. penetrate deeply into the soil. Also, 630.00 ; net, 6360.00 from the three-
gea. the style of after-cultivation each will fourths acre. *
Another disputed point is the proper THE GARDEN. require, whether the plants will need Nor is this all. The vines were
distance between the rows and between much or little water while growing, in and
Mr.Sherman Adams' Second Paper. cow-peas planted
the plants in the rows. and at what of growth whetherthe
stages ; A of the
determined to have thickly. big crop peas was
Having sensibly
Some favor setting single rows three soil needs to. be made very rich in result. Lately these vines were plowedin
, feet apart, but that is a great waste of a genuine garden, the first thing to be nitrogenous or other elements of plant 1,500 pounds rotted bone broad
l land If,the plants are properly fertilized dpne is to locate the site and mark food. Some plants do best in a moist casted and 1,000 pounds more drilled
and cultivated, ten rows set out its size and shape. For possessorsof soil, others in a soil comparatively dry. into the rows where he will put in a
two feet apart, will yield just as many small plots this is naturally regulated ] Some plants need large quantities of crop of garden peas, "Morning Stars."
quarts of just as large berries as ten by circumstances. Those who nitrogenous matter, others more par- In January they will come off, the
rows set three feet apart, and there is have several acres have more room ticularly need phosphoric acid, or the vines be plowed in, another ton of
a saving of one-third of the land. At for choice. Ordinarily, and unless phosphates. All require a good bone and another trial of the cucum-
that rate, if an acre of plants with the otherwise located because of especially amount of humus in the soil. The bers. Three good crops within one
rows set three feet apart will yield one favorable circumstances of soil and varied special fertilizing to be applied, year, and the land getting better and
hundred bushels, then an acre with situation, it should be very near the as well as many other things that will better. I like the method of Mr. A.
the rows only two feet apart would house. If not directly adjoining the suggest themselves to the intelligent I F. Wyman's "madness." Let others
yield one hundred and fifty bushels. home yard, as is usually most desir- cultivator, might be noted on the try it. The plan is to fertilize a small
There is one serious objection to set- able; it should be but a very few step margin of the plan of the garden plat acre at the rate of 675. per acre, to
ting strawberry rows only two feet away, for many reason If placedIf that they may not be forgotten when plow in one or two crops of vinea for
apart. If you hire pickers and the the garden be located close by the busy season arrives. humus and to keep the ground well
fruit is at all plenty on the vines theyare the home so as to be readily visitedat That the whole garden plat shouldbe worked all the time duringthe growthof
sure to get down on their kneesto all hours of,the day, its characteristics highly fertilized by heavy applica- the cucumbers or peas. .
pick and then. you cannot keep observed and its excellencies tions of suitable manures, and that it We shall watch the future with I
them from getting their feet pointed out to visiting friends, it will should be repeatedly plowed and harrowed great interest. NEAL." *; .. '
qver ,on to the row behind absorb more of the thought and intel- or spaded and-raked, to secure Archer,Fla.,Sept.29,1881.", ....' ..

.... .




y> .a -

10, 1887.1 THE FLORIDA DISP ATCK- 815V

antly. There are acres and acres of Pineapple Culture in Florida. growers keep smudge fires burning on
feopical Plants high spruce or "blackjack" ]land that Pineapple culture is yet in its infancy frosty nights to the north and 'west,of
might be used for the extensive in Florida, but the success already the :plants, and as the chilling winds
I NATURAL RESOURCES. cultivation of these plants. In South met with in some parts of the of winter usually come from those directions -
.".. Florida they are rarely affected by State promises that it may becomeone a thick, warm smoke is blown
+ Natural Plants that can be UtilIZed frost, as the thick, srcculent leaves of the established industries. over the plants and frost warded off.
I for Tanning Purposes and will stand a sharp frost without much Pine lands give the best results in As the fruit grows on a long stem, it
for the Manufacture of Per- injury. Without some artificial pro- growth of plants and fruit. In pre- will usually fall to one side, and lyingon
fumes, Drugs, Fibers Etc. tection, however, their profitable pro- paring such land the trees should be the ground is liable to rot.' It
Our young and talented correspondent duction could hardly be carried on burned out, and the ground thoroughly should therefore be secured to a stake,
Mr. P. W. Reasoner, of Mana- north of the great Lake Region of cleared of all roots and undergrowth.It or a light frame may be placed alongthe
Sumter and Orange cotinties. The should then be plowed, and a moderate rows at a proper height to keep the
Fla. horticulturist and botanist
tee, aloe drug is prepared by simple evap application of cottonseed meal, fruit upright. In shipping to distant
accepted authority on the tropical and oration of the soft parts of the leaves, well rotted stable manure, muck or markets the pines are cut from the
semi-tropical trees and plants of the or in some cases by boiling the largest bone meal be harrowedjn. After rain stem when slightly colored, and while
United States, introduced and native, growing species-those promising the has settled the ground, parallel fur- still hard, and allowed to ripen in
l cultivated and wild, contributes to the largest yield of leaves seem to be Aloe rows should be run with the plow transit, or after:reaching their destina-
Vulgar, A. Aboretcens, A. Cormita, three feet apart, and any or all of the tion. The following varieties have
t Orange Grove, a Manatee county paper and one or two other species. The above fertilizers applied in the fur- given the best satisfaction in Florida:
i, the following interesting article : plants are very handsome, producing row and covered again with the plow.As SPANISH.-A very desirable variety,
If speculators, land-buyers and set spikes of yellow or orange flowers, re soon as possible after another rain and :probably the best for general cul-
tiers in Florida'could look over their sembling those of the tritom, or "red- the plants should be set from one to tivation ; it will stand more cold than
leather spectacles" and see some- hot-poker" plant. two feet apart in the rows. any other,is a good shipper, and will
thing besides oranges, oranges, The various valuable species of The young plants are called suckers flourish on poor soil ; the quality of
oranges, oranges, it would be much cassia are at home in Florida, and slips, crowns, crown lets and eyes, the fruit is not quite as good as that of
better for their pocket books (in most there are native plants and exotics according to the part of the parent some of the other sorts, but owing to
cases), the State of Florida and all without number that might be cultivated plant they are taken from. Suckers the ease of its cultivation, and its capacity -
who dwell therein profitably for medicinal purposes sprout from the root of the old plant to resist neglect, it has come to
For instance, why cannot some .' alter fruiting, slips grow at the base be the favorite ; the plants commence;
shrewd, farsighted man with capital, Another source of wealth is the of the fruit itself, the crown is the to bear quite early, and when properly
see something in the plants of Florida manufacture of perfumeryalreadyproving crest of leaves at the top of the cultivated, the fruit is large.
that are valuable for tanning pur- a success with enterprising fruit, crownlets grow at the base of SUGAR LOAF.The fruit is smaller,
poses ? It certainly cannot be for parties in Jacksonville and San Mateo. the crown, and the eyes are found on but superior in quality to the Spanish,
lack of hides to tan, if one considersthe In South Florida, where the more the fruit stalk. All these are used for and where the planter is prepared to
thousands of cow and alligator tender species of Jasminum, Acacia, planting, and opinions vary greatly as give it extra care in cultivation, and
hides furnished by .the State every Lippia Nurraya, N yctanth s, etc.,are to which will fruit the soonest, but protection from frost, if need be, his
year ; the excellent tanning plants, rarely injured by frost, this industrywill probably the size of the plant and the labor will be well repaid. .,
too, are growing everywhere, generally doubtless in time be of great importance treatment before and after planting) CAYENNE.This variety is noted for
directly under hiD prominent nose, as it is at present in Southern will influence the fruiting more than its large fruit and absence of stickers'on
while he is calculating in his head the France and Italy, where hundredsof anything else. the leaves; the quality of the fruit
probable cost of clearing them off from acres of ground are used for the If the ground has been thoroughly is good, and it deserves to be more
I the land preparatory to an orange cultivation of flowers solely for this prepared and moderately fertilized be- generally cultivated. .
grove. He baa probably stumbled purpose. The scented leaved geraniums fore the plants are set, all that remainsto EGYPTIAN QUEEN, OR TRINIDAD.
fifty times over :roots, or rather the (thriving on any of our land), the be done is to mulch them heavily -Probably the finest variety grown in
1 Creeping trunks, of the saw palmetto "Cape jessamine," the "Muscat rose," after the ground has been well watered Florida ; the fruit is of large size, superior -
(Sabal serrulata'), which experts tell Arabian jessamine, Carolina yellow by rain or artificially, and if subsequent quality, rich, melting, and withan
us is far superior to oak bark for tan- jessamine (gelsemium semperiverens), manurings are found necessary, almost entire absence of the toughness -
' ning purposes. But they are too the orange and tuberose, are also es- i cottonseed meal is probably the best. noticeable in some varieties.
common, and he joins with every- pecially recommended for this pur- The plants may .be set out at any time, Where frosts are not likely to occur,
body in despising them. It seems to but they root better if planted duringthe or where it is given extra care and
us that nature never placed so many pose.But to merely touch on the various rainy season of summer, usually protection farther north in the State,
hundred square miles of solid palmetto industries that might be created in from June to October. The ground there is no variety of this delicious
in Florida for nothing, and though we Florida would be a labor of hours, should be high and dry, and the plants fruit that will give greater satisfaction,
may not live to see it, we firmly be- and we have time only to mention should never be set on moist land, or especially for home markets, or where
lieve the time will come when it will be such employments as the cultivation of where water is liable to stand after a transportation facilities are good.-
1fi a great source of wealth to the State,for dye plants, including the indigo and I rain. Each plant fruits but once and Dr. S. E. Ntwton, in American Agriculturist -
$ 11 some useful purpose, if not for tan annatto plants; oyster-farming in our then dies down: ,suckers rising up from -'
ning. shallow bays and creeks along the the roots to take their place. When n
Another valuable plant for tanning coast; the manufacture ot starch from these are of sufficient size, the whole' PABLO BEACH.
purposes, we are told, is the common such plants as the cassava, the Ber root should be dug up and cut apart, .
dwarf sumac(rhuscopallina),so plenty muda arrow root, many species of so as to leave one sucker to each piece; Jacksonville -0-and Atlantic Co.
everywhere in the State. The list maranta and canna, and the native they are then ready for planting out. R'y
might be lengthened indefinitely of Florida lamia, where it occurs in suffi If sand collects in the centre of the IN EFFECT TUESDAY, SEPT. 13,iS t.
4 available plants, that are valuable for cient quantities; the cultivation of gum plants it should be washed out by let- WESTWARD.
tanning purposes, such as the loblollybay plants, Euch: as acacia arabica (the ting a stream of water fall on. them No.l No.3 No.b'No.7
(gordonia lasianthus), the sea gum arabic tree), the camphor tree from, a vessel held three or four feet Ar Jacksonville.......__ A.X 8:20\ 3:50 P.X 1:50 P.JI: 6IDLv P.X
grape (cocoloba unifera), and others. (which is hardy throughout Florid) above, but if the ground is kept well Pablo.._ .....__. 7:35 3:00 1:00 5:30
,Then there is a wide and profitable and others; and last, and destined to mulched, as it should be, there is little EASTWARD.
field open for the cultivation of me- be the greatest industry of all, the cul- danger from this source. No.2 No.4 No.6 No.8
dicinal plants>> in the favorable climateof tivation of fiber plants and manufacture Plants fruit in fpm; one to three Ar Pablo..._........__ 10:50 A..X 5:00 P.H 2:3016:30 P.Xf P.X
Florida, in our modest opinion.The of the fiber into cordage and cloth. years after setting out, usually in Lv Jack80nvll1e.__..._.. 10:00 6:50 '
number of species that might be The capabilities are endless, 'the.fiber i about two years. The pineapple plantis Trains .land:2 run daily. Trains 3 and
run dally Trains 5,6,7 and 8
made profitable is legion. Not the plants that will flourish on the poorest i very sensitive to frost, and should run Sunday except only.JULIUS Sunday. < .
least important of these is the medicinalor of Florida sand are many; best of all always be protected in those parts of Superintendent HAYDEN, *
"bitter aloe." Half a hundred species is the sisal hemp (agave rigida, var the State where frost is liable to oc
of this plant are known to science sisalana), introduced to the South cur. This can be, done by putting upa rVA ran Gift To wonderful Introduce Self-our
-most of them natives of Africa and Florida Keys fifty years ago by Dr. light frame over them, and coveringwith A Operating GIVE ONE Washing in Machine town.we Best will
the Mediterranean region. In its na- Perrine; though there are many other boards, bagging, trash or anything In the World.away No labor every or rubbing. .
tive habitat the aloe is found growingin excellent plants of the genera agave, that is most convenient, the SEND National FOR Co.ONE, 23 to Dey the St., N. Y.
dry, arid, sandy or rocky situations, fourcroya, yucca, dasylireon, etc. whole to be removed when danger of
where no other plant will live, and The time when thousands of acres of frost is over. Another method of pro- $Inn to $300 A working MONTH can us. be Agents made
Florida sand seems to suit it as well, as South Florida land will be covered tection, and a very good one, is to preferred who can fnrnish their own,horses
a mud puddle does a Berkshire hog- with flourishing, crops of fiber produc- cover the plant ,entirely with pine i and Spare give moments their may whole be time profitably to" the employed business..
in'fact, no place in Florida is so poor ing plants will surely come. "Give us straw or other trash thrown on .the also. A lew vacancies in town and cities." : *.
that aloes will not grow on it, luxuri a little rest" on oranges: plants until danger' is past. Some 1013 IIlain II..F. JOU St., Richmond suN A co,;;Vu.OarOBER '.

,,01. .

.,r I .

I It

.". c..."? **.?.1,**&!*"b'V...,,




and organizer from Georgia, pre most unjust and unreasonable en- touched a responsive chord in the
:formers .fllliaiice. sided. croachments on our rights, and the audience, and elicited hearty ap-
,.- .- After opening the meeting the pres, complete usurpation of our natural plause.
FLORIDA FARMERS AIiLIANOR ident introduced Henry Brash, mayorof heritage. By such an organization as After thanking the ladies for their
Marianna\ who made an address of we hope to effect, we purpose to put a encouraging presence, and the citizensof
A State Organization PerfectedA -- welcome and extended to the membersof check on this miserable greed that is Marianna for their generous hospitality -
Large and Enthusiastic Con- the Alliance the freedom of the mercilessly despoiling our country and, President Wilson declared the
vention at Marianna.A city. rescue our homes and farms from a exercises orer.SECOND '
'- convention of delegates from the W. B. Sheppard, of Liberty county condition of things not less deplorablethan DAY-MORNING SESSION.
several counties in this State' in which delivered the following response to the old Feudal system.In the
During proceedings of the sec-
Alliances nowexist: convened pursu- the address of welcome on behalf of assembling) ourselves together for ond session Joe M.
day's Massey
ant to the call of the State Organizer, the Alliance. the accomplishment of I such desired occu-
the chair
pied by request
at Marianna, Jackson county, on the objects, we are prompted by the purest
Wilson who ill
SPEECH OF MR. SHEPPARD. was too to preside.No
fourth instant, at 10 o'clock a. m., in' motives. We have no war to make on
the court-house. Mr. Presidentpadiu and Gentlemen: individuals or classes. We have no i : committee being ready to report,
W. B. McDaniels read the
Oswald Wilson, State Organizer, It affords me pleasure to performthe war to wage on useful or charitable I following
called the convention to order and agreeable duty of acknowledgingthe i capital. We recognize in monopolyour interesting essay :
announced the following: temporary graceful compliment that is paid i principal foe; it is there wherein ESSAY OF MR. McI ANIELS.
officers to assist in perfecting the organization this Alliance in the generous welcomewe the danger lurks! It is monopoly we Agricultural progress has never
of the State Alliance, the have received from your mayor to must prepare to battle. Is it not timewe been more rapid than within the last ;
State Organizer acting as temporary the freedom and hospitality of Mari had come to consult together for decade. The modes of agriculturehave
president under the rules of the order: anna. By this manifestation of your some means to correct this growingevil been vastly improved. The
Vice-president, J. B. Young; secre- native hospitality, we are reminded of ? Is it not time we had come invention of labor-saving implementsand
tary, S. B. Thomas, Jr.; doorkeeper, the enviable characteristics for which to take some practical lessons in farm machinery has multipliedthe
W. G. Coxwell; assistant doorkeepers, the people of Jackson county are far- political economy and fathom the powers of farm, labor and aug-
K. S. Simms and C. E. Scott; sergeant famed, and we concede that your depths ,of the present situation? If ments the forces of production. In
-at arms, W. Mozeley.. richly productive farms, your improved we would succeed in that in which Ware that period the increase of raw production .
The following accredited delegateswere methods of agriculture, your most sanguine, we must keep has been accelerated. The
present : breeds of fine stock, your elegant abreast of the march of progress; we appliances and facilities for profitable
Bradford county-J. D. Johns. homes, chivalrous men and charming must get to speedy action if we would farming are in the hands of every
Calhoun county-C. E. Scott, J. S. ladies, abundantly justify the unusual put a brake on the strides of unscrupulous farmer, and the highest degree of
Fannin, Oscar Scott, J. D. Robertson, pride for which you are noted. Statistics speculation. The great need agricultural progress is exhibited in
W.. G. Coxwell, J. 8. Slone. of your productions show yours which we have felt most keenly is the the marvelous abundance of harvest.
Oadiden county-D. M. Hinson, D. to be truly an agricultural county, State Alliance, the object of this con- From 1875 to 1878 the amount of
A. McDougald, J. L. Saunders, W. and it is but a fitting tribute to your vention. There is a world of power in newly settled lands in the United
B. McDaniel, J. W, Hanna, L. B. leading interest that this Alliance has organization, but that alone will not States was 1,875,115 acres. The ten-
Smith. assembled in your midst. And I takeit bring about the beneficial results we dency is toward the increase of raw
Jackson county-J. W. Pooser, A. that few conventions are called in seek. Eternal vigilance must be the production, and the new methods of
F. McCrary, W. R. Mozeley, J. D. your county the purposes and objectsof watchword. cultivation upon all farming lands
Padgett, K. S. Simms, W. B. Wynn. which are more vitally importantto Farmers, tillers of the soil,you'have gives additional and enlarged powersof
Levy county-Wm. Gou m, C. W. your agricultural interests than the a grand mission to perform; you have production. From these additional
McElroy, R. H. Limba u h. one in which we are assembled. undertaken a great enterprise; you can- resources agriculture yields a larger
Liberty county W. U. Robertson, Farmers, we are here to-day to per- not afford to lag in so important a annual wealth, and, taking a general
R. F. Horsford, W. B. Sheppard, W. form the initiatory steps in perfectingan work. It is a labor of love worthy of view of its progress, it might be accepted -
D. Ba'eman'( T. H. Jackson. S. Lar-< organization that we trust and con your patriotic devotion, your earnest as evidence of a general pros'
kins: fidently believe will live long after the effort and faithful performance. Curious perity among those who are engagedin
Madison county-B. B. Thomas, Jr..' memories of this occasion are forgotten. eyes are turned on your its fields ; but when applied to the
F. B. Ferrell, A. J. Loper., T. A. We are here to consecrate an proceedings, and it is necessary that individual farmer the reverse is pre-
Hall.Walton institution the blessings of which! we. you proceed with business expediency.More sented. Surrounded with such advantages
county-S. 'A. Cawthorne, confidently expect to go down to our than all, let wisdom, justice and and, notwithstanding the stupendous -
Giles Caswell. posterity. We are here, in the lan- moderation characterize your deliber-, efforts of the agricultural
Washington county W. 'A. Bryan, guage of our fathers, to ordain and ations., people to keep abreast with the
J. L Hightower, Sister Silvia Stewart, establish an organization destined to The officers elect were then' installed onward march of trades, occupationsand
A. W. Weeks, C. F. WHhouse, R. W. elevate the vocation of the farm from according to the usual custom and rit- employments, farm capital and
Stone, S. M. Robertson. its present despondency to a place of ual of the order. labor receives less remuneration than
Holmes county-J. A. Ramsey, respectability-to make the'use of the A JACKSONVILLE MAN SPEAKS. equal capital and labor employed hither .
David Neel, J. R.Levins, Kelly, plow and the hoe once more honor- departments of life. ,
J. B. Ward, A. J. Miller. able and profitable-destined to rescue General Sebring, of Jacksonville, at American farming is growing less
,Citrus county-J. B. Young. the toiling framer from the grasp of the invitation of the president the elect importance profitable and less encouraging. In a (I
delivered address
Duval county-A. H. :Manville. the selfish and give him an equal a stirring on State possessing so many facilities of .
,Advisory Members-Joe. M. Massey chance in the uneven race for "life, of concentration, cheap production this discouraging -
and Robert Alexander, of Georgia. liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." and co-operation on the part of aspect of agriculture must be andis
Visiting Members-B. B. Stapleton, We are here to lengthen the chainof our farmers, and the wide field of use- the results of other than natural
president Jackson County Alliance, unity to embrace alliances of the fulness before the Alliance.A causes. The annual" addition of
and G. M. Sheppard, of Gadsden entire State,from Escambia's beautiful PRESENTATION.B. wealth under: the .enlightened} systemof
county.PERMANENT bay to the magnificent St. Johns; from F. Barnes, in behalf of Washington agriculture, are enormous, but from
ORGAIZATIONwas the corn and cotton fields of Gadsden, county, presented a gavel to the unequal divisions of the profits of
perfected by the election of the Leon and Madison, to the bright Keyof the State Alliance. The presentation labor and unjust discriminations made ,
following officers : the Gulf, where even the lone exile speech was unique and pertinent. He against it, the enlistment of property
President, Oswald Wilson; vice- will welcome with conscious securitythe said that he had wrought the mallet shows that the farmers of this Stateare
president, Wm, Gomm; secretary, T. broad regis of our flag-to unite himself, the head being made of live not prospering. While it is rap-
A. Hall; treasurer, J. W. Pooser; our farmers into one brotherhood of oak, in the form of a barrel, (a syrup idly extinguishing,all. State debts, its
chaplain, W. A. Bryant; lecturer, J. earnest men, banded together for mutual not a whisky barrel) and the handle votaries are deprived: a just shareof
B. Young; assistant lecturer, W. B. interest and preservation.Ours of hickory. He drew some interesting the rewards of heir toil. Capital
Sheppard; sergeant-at-arms, W. B. is an age of selfish strife. The comparisons between the strength and concentrates to make corners and form
Mozeley.The acquisition,of power and wealth is the solidity of the little instrument and the rings to fix prices.Transportation..
appointment of the usual com- universal ambition. In the rough and great association which it should gov- companies are allowed l-
mittees occupied the remainder of the tumble race the most questionable exigencies ern. Like the sturdy oak from the to make and unmake prices at
day. are employed to obtain it. In acorn, the Alliance had grown from a will by their unjust and discriminatingtariffs
EVENING SESSION. the: mercenary conflict that i id raging small beginning to be monarch among i tits and freights. Subsidies and
In accordance with the published before us, we are powerless to resist fellows, affording shelter and pro. J tariffs are created to protect other industries
..._ announcementtheevening session was the: aggressions of hoarded capital. tection to all beneath its boughs. to the prejudice: of agriculture. -
: devoted to a public installation of Without organization, without concerted Secretary Hall replied for President I .. Commerce is shackled. American
officers. action, unityand harmony, we Wilson, accepting the gavel in a productions are denied the mar-

1 fir. J...'M.Massey. advisory" member can but remain., ,, as, silent witnesses to itous speech, in a poetical vein.felic-I kets of the world through partial and-
-. -


,. ..
... ..< ... ,.' .. ",,'



I (;

) ; .


"OCTOBER, 10', 1887./' .. ; .- ... ,. -THE' FLORIDA. DISPAr i. .""'847I '''.,...,

," .

restrictive laws. Agricultural prop- at the credit and mortgage systemnow West Florida, but rapidly extending Notice- of Incorporation of the Nas-

] erty is made to bear an unequal and in operation.] throughout the State, a remarkable sau City Town and Improvement -

undue proportion of taxation to afford SECOND DAY-AFTERNOON SESSION. showing considering that it is but a Co.

exemptions and privileges to other in- the few months old, and has its member- To whom U may concern:
This session was given to
dustries. Monopolies\ are permittedto up ship the farmers, among the most con- Know all men by these presents-That L.P.
adoption of Constitution and By- Grant, A E.Thornton J. Hightower,Thos.M. .
assume power and control and exercise Laws. This document is too lengthy servative class of the community.After Clarke,J.H.Porter. Evan P. Howell, M.
and the C.Riser,A.J. Orme J. H. MecaslIn, A. O.
prerogatives privileges passing customary resolutions -
f for publication. It does not differ in MacDonell and others, under and in accor-
justly belonging to sovereignty. En- of thanks the State Alliance. dance with the provisions of Act of the Legis-
the Con-
essential from
any particular lature of the tate of Florida, providing for
couraged by l legislation and stimulated stitution and By-Laws of the Texas adjourned sine die. the Creation of Corporal ions,have associated
t have dictatorial themselves under the name of the Nassau
by they
power, grown State Alliance, in which State the City Town and Improvement Company,with
and imperious in their demands, unrelenting Alliance numbers of a mil- place business iu the city of Jacksonville,
a quarter
in their exactions and cruel t: Florida.
lion members. The business of the Association shall be
and, unmerciful in their imposition. i that of buying, improving and selling Real
EVENING SESSION. Estate, and doing such other acts as may be
Society has become extravagant, and necessary for the welfare of the Company
is now a heedless spendthrift of the J. M. Massey, visiting member from The capital stock of said Company Is
who had the Twenty-five Thousand $25.000) ) Dollars,Divi-
Georgia presided during
painful earnings of labor. Governments :;I; ; ded Into shares of One Hundred Dollars each,
have become proud and ar. day, announced the necessity for his I which shall be paid up in full when issued.
The comm"nceslts business from
The thanks of the Alli- Company
istocratic, while her toiling labor departure. ,the date of filing its articles of incorporationviz
era : ance were tendered him for his ad- : September 8th,18S7,and will continuefor
are humiliated in their poverty. Twenty year Its officers to consist of a
The States are lavish and prodigalwith vice and assistance and he was recom- President Vice-President, Secretary
mended to the National Alliance as a, find Treasurer. and a Board of
the people's money. Cities and Five Directors! to be elected on the
proper person for the position of or* second Tuesday of February In each and
towns rich at the and
1 grow expense officer for the second district every year. That the highest amount of indebtedness -
ganizing the at anytime
impoverishment of the country. Lawsare Corporation can
itself shall be cent. of
Georgia. subject to. Twenty per
ingeniously formulated to mako
the capital stock.
justice tardy and thus tend! to encour The president announced the following (Signed) L.P. GRANT. ,
Executive Committee A..F. Mc- A. E.THORNLON. ,
crime and disorder. In view of : T.J. HIrTowER.Tubs. '
the well established facts that the Creary, Jackson; S. B. Thomas, Madison Patronize Home Manufacturers. .DI.CLARK.
pro. T. H. PORTER.
1) M. Hinson Gadsden. The
ductive ; EVAN P.HOWELL.M. .
industries must bear the bur- c'Manufactures. FIiST'Isjlrt.S' ::
Committee made C.RISER.
dens of society, chief among which.ia on Printing lengthy Soap., Pure Ground Bone and A. J. ORME. -
agriculture the natural nursing motherof report which was adopted, and in accordance Bounetheau Orange Tree Emulsion, Scraps J. MECASLIK. "V.", .
to which the president and Coarse Bone for Poultry, Soft Soap and A. O. MAcDoNELL.
all the occupations, trades, and profession appointed Soap Chips for making Soap Suds for Trees and others.
with the approval of the Executive and Vegetables. Office 28 Ocean st.,Jacksonville "
of it is found thatit
our people
,Fla. P.O.Box313.: Correspondence so-
Committee the
following: "
is overtaxed and overburdenedwith licited.
unjust, unequal and
flagrant impositions, that a just sense H. Manville, Duval]; J.V.. SEF HERE wishing to procure their seeds direct from the

of right would transfer to where they Poorer, Jackson; Wm. Gomm, Levy; grower,are Informed that A. W. Livingston,

justly belong. M. H. Wearing, Madison; D. A. McDonald I want a few Industrious, temperate, mar- Columbus, Ohio,the celebrated tomato origi-
Gadsden R. B. Stapleton ried men, with families of children of scnool nator,(the Paragon,Acme,Perte ttonFavor-
; ,
The farmers of Florida, and the age, 'o settle near me, so that we can have a
Ite and New Beauty, are among his produc-
Jackson; C. E. Scott, Calhoun; J. D. small school.To .
nation have on all occasions shown such,I willoffer a few good settlements tions) Is now:prepared to fill orders with new
Johns Bradford and U.
W. Robert
themselves to be a patient and endur- ; cheap on the Alifla River, near Tampa 1887 seed, saved from choice first ripe fruit,
son, Liberty.The Bay,one and one half hour sail from Tam and will be pleased to quote prices and supply
ing people, and further submission to pa. Good land tor fruit and vegetables;good
and injustice will be a sacrificeof following delegates were elected neighborhood and healthy. I am an-ok) resident catalogues on application. He also keeps
wrong to National Farmers' Alliance, which here,and can also give some valuable other reliable garden seeds, and makes a
manhood and exhibition of cow- information in regard to choice rivefronts,
of Truckers, Gardenersand
with'a meets at Shreveport, La., on the 12th etc., including most*uitable hind pleasant specialty supplying
ardice. Stirred just sense of location for a Sea Side Hotel and cottages on Canners,and refers to many of FJorlda'sleading
and supported by the integrityof inst.; Oswald Wilson, W. B. .Wynn this side of the Bay (Manez Inlet). Also aigood growers, among which are W. H.
and J. S. Fannin. sits for saw-mill quick demand for
our purpose, the Slate Alliance of i lumber ; Williamson, Mlcanopy, Boelsford, Bro's/
Florida sternly demands THIRD DAY, MORNING SESSION. Information free. Buv of owners,and save Palm City, Capt. Dye, E. M. Dimick'and
heavy commissions. Will give good references Paterick Lennon, all of Lake Worth, who
That the Railroad Commissioners The Printing Board reported having If desired. Direct to have used his seeds for years and know themto

without delay fix under the law, perfected an organization by the Peru GRA,Hillsborough NVILLE PLATT.Co., Fla. be well adapted to Florida climate. In,

freight and passenger rates. election of A. H. Manville, president; ----------------- addition to the superior quality they containalL

That the Science of Agriculture be R. B. Stapleton, vice-president; J. W. Ohas. M. Davidson'& Co. orders are carefully and promptlyflllled.
taught in our common schools. Pooser and treasurer.
secretary No.231 East Trade st., Charlotte,N. C. Box 25, Columbus, Ohio.
That the Commissioners of Agriculture Further, that they had purchased for

of the United States be made the State Alliance the outfit and good WHOLESALE PRlilTERS,

cabinet officers. will of the West' Florida Inquirer, of COMMISSION, MERCHANTS. 1SCU9UI8 UNU catua AID esrrs.

That the great water-ways of our Mariauua, which would hereafter be Shipments of Florida Fruits solicited. It is a source of wonder to shirt wearersthat
we can sell so fine a shirt and 4-ply! linen collars -
1 .
State be that the lifeblood
under the of the Florida
opened up, run name and cuffs, which retail anywhere for $1.50 or
of commerce may flow freely. Farmers' Alliance, as the State organ Special attention paid to the sale of oranges. 40Bk( $2.00,for so low a price,and pay

of the Alliance. Quick sales and prompt'returns.. .. treason besides. The
SISTER STEWART SPEAKS.It we can offer such&bargain *

being reported that Sister Silvia They further reported the appointment Stencils sent on application. large Is,quantities that we manufactureIn buy: goods

Stewart was about to return home, the of Oswald Wilson, State president ;; Commercial National Bank, tor cash,and you buy atacforyprices
Merchants nnil Farmers' National Bank, thus saving three
order of business and
was suspended, as editor and business managerof Wm. Johnston. profits,that of the Jobber}
she was invited to address the Alii said paper. Trite RAIHOTJ-: !3 Wholesaler and Retallei;
i and when we have a customer
ance. The following organizers were ap- Crescent ':30c. Shirt once we have him always.These
Sister Stewart delivered a spirited pointed to establish Alliances and ill shirts Wamasuttaeai&UticaNonpareil are made of the finest

address, urging; that the Alliance takean push the extention of the order -- -- $' muslin; the bosoms are of extra

active part in the promotion of ed throughout the State.J. Buy, Direct from the Factory all sizes;t.\ from. ',"""13' to. 17 heavy,buttonholes handmade hand-made.Irish linen When,in

ucation and calling attention to the B. Young, for South Florida. and Save Money. ordering collars please state style wanted,whether

importance of the presence and active J. D. Johns, for the counties of Sp.-offal t r.1hc: J +outb. \stand-up fidence in or our turn-down.dwwe that We if have you are to much from con any

participation of the women to the Bradford, Baker, Columbia, Clay and (!cause not sati8 will c1reerjull refund your
I money. :Try them once and you will buy no other.
welfare of the Alliance. Pptnara.C. For$4.80 we will send you six shirts, six

The thanku of the Alliance were :. W. McElroy\ for the counties of I 4-ply euiTs.linen For $2.6a,and three three shirts pair, three 4-ply 4-linen}>I)'

tendered Sister Stewart by a rising Levy, Alachua and Suwanee.A. ;linen collars and two sample! linen euD.
,For$1.00 we send one shirt, one
vote. H. Manville, for the State at :pair 4-ply linen cufTk! and one 4-ply linen collar -
by mall,p t-plld. Address
made a full report (which was adopt. Messrs. Young, Johns, MeEIroy, : 4 I\ 66.0 Spruce St. ._ .. New York C1ty.i ; .
ed) on the management of co-opera Gomm and Manville were appointed i

tive stores and the appointment:,, a committee to attend the meeting off ,
A flcl11tuzl Work York. fL
qualifications and requirements oi the Farmers' Union, at. Gainesville,, rSU1I1Tanl&.. ,. .

business agents. [One of the objects I Fla., on the 12th inst. ? O3 &:qWz..8tatwiEqiua&8a,1iPJ.I .

of the Alliance is to purchase all merchandise Reports fr m County Alliances were vfHttQ I ,'"/ =--.. ,lIa4 m

implements fertilizers, etc.,, received, showing that the FiorHa{ .

required by its members, furnishingthe Farmers' Alliance now consists ol

same to them at cost, thus reducing sixty-five organizations numbering; I

their expenses and striking a blow! two. thousand, rnewbelprincipally, ia Fa.



,""..",''J. !:"..11.........' .".,t.. .

wAR tS r '



T I .

818 ,'. ", ,. -THE DFLORIBA DISPATC .=:=:- [OCTOBER 101887.

.. :

? Profit in ]Fruit Culture. "SAN MATEO NURSERIES." "
The !
J' lfser1. KELSEY and other valuable Plural 25,000 -
LECONTE, KEIFFER and other Pears and
: : ;:v: = : ; : Apples on LeConte stock. All the valuable A full line of Nursery Stock now ready for Fall and Winter Planting.-::
Oriental and Southern Fruits. CAMPHOR *-
Our usual reading matter for the TREES, OLIVES JERSEf PRUNES. Nut Trees of Best Varieties oi Budded Trees a Specialty-Trees of all Slzes.
all kinds. CATTLE,JERSEY RED ".'
Nursery Department bas been crowdedout HOGS. Seeds of Forage Plants. HighestquaUtYllowest Send for Catalogue. .
prices. Valuable Information
by the lengthy report of theMarianna free. '" JHAXWELL, ANDERSON di CO.,
San Mateo
convention, but will appearas Waycross Ga.

usual next week.EVERY Pears Grown from Cuttings.
how to grow and prepare the fig,and describes our new fig, ,
LeConte Keiffer and Sand. Bartlett Law-
son, Sekel, Smith and Garber on LeConte Oonri: : Ci8I1 Snl.
FARMER, Root. Strawberries adapted to Florida, Ala- : nl.er : : rn.a.: "

bama and Georgia: Hoffman, Warren, Noo- Only genuine"fig of commerce,"and the finest In the wrrld. Also Tropical Semi-Tropical
THE BEST A HiS OWNis nan and Noonan Improved. Peaches: een- and New Fruits, and the finest stock of nuts In the country. Address with scamp,
to, Honey, Southern Beauty and others. FLORIDA HORTICULTURAL CO.,

the H MILLER Plums Pot grown: Kelse''sJapanMariannaandothers.strawberries' on special order only. _______________.. _Cutler, Dade Co., Fla. IFla. I

CHEAPEST Tallahassee Nursery,Tallahassee,Fla, .

Send for Catalogue. ; Franca "H ,einoiis. Washington Navels.We .

have for fall and winter delivery a large and select stock of the above named varietiesone
Nurseries of Lake Weir Co. and two year old buds, thrifty and free from Insects. Our Villa Franca buds were obtained -
and Lemon Trees from the finest grove of this celebrated variety In the State. and our Washington
100,000Orange ,
Navel buds were Imported by us,direct from California,and taken from the first trees bud-
N { Our trees are very thrifty, three and four ded with that variety In the State. This!$ grove Is said to bear heavily and steadily. We have
year old stock,%to inch diameter,with also all the standard varieties Known to Florida,also Peen-to and Honey peach trees, and
one year old ,buds.qlble Nurseries easily acces- LeConte and Keifer Pears. All of our trees are crown on high pine land, and we guarantee
to Florida Southern Railroad Send for that every tree shall have good roots,which after all Is most Important. Send for Catalogue.

t Catalogues. AddressE. ______GTLI/r.TT DUO'S, South Lake Wier, Marion Co., Florida.
32 years Experience. dedZMy _0 South Lake Weir Fa.ONE ORIENTAL FRUIT TREES A SPECIALTY.

tJ.e the ITallAdftT Standard Geared Wind Mill.I-%.L MILLIONFruit IF Kelsey Rotati and Ogaii Japanese Plums..on native Plum Stocks.
Cora Sheller and I-X-L.Iron Feed Mill and do your thell- r Kelsey<< June Duds on native Peach Stocks. Peen-to and Honey Peaches.
fug*nd triadinc a t borne thus urine' toll and teaming. to and Trees, Grape LeConteand Klefler Pears on their own roots. Bartlett and other pears on
from the Grist Mill. This work can be done ralor. .10dI48" r vine"l Strawber LeConte roots. A large stock of Apples, Pears, Plains, Cherries, Quinces,
when oat-door work it impended on the Farm. The ama Mill Rnts. Etc.
will eat corn stalks,saw wood,run churn and grindstone pump Selling low at Apricot Nectarines. Address

water We nunofactarj cto. the Ilalladar Standard Glared and Willow Lake Nursery. -v'V.' FW. Er :ES..
Pumping! Wind MllKI-X-L Cora Sbtller.I-X-L Iron ,.
Feed Mill. I-X-L Stalk Cutter, Horse Pdveri.Jacks Descriptive catalogueand Manager Huntsville Wholesale Nurseries, Huntsville, Alabama.
Saw Tablet,Standard Haying Tools,ooniiiting of AntiFriction.KcrerilbU price list mailed free
,Swirel and Bod Hay Carrier,Harpoon and Grapple on application. Address
Horn Hay Forks,Pulleys and Floor Books. Alto a lull Unit of Sam II. Rum nil,
Tanks,Tank Fixtures and Pumps for Farm,Ornamental,Village Marshallville, Ga. HOMELAND NURSERIES.KELSEY
aad .
Batlwajr purposes' Send for catalogue and prices
Reliable Agent wanted all anasslgned territorr.

RubberTo sell our Stamps. .
IT PAYS Free Catalogue to Aft nts. Suited to the Soil and Climate of
Cleveland, Ohio. FLORIDA Also a full line Nursery Stock of the most choice varieties adapted Florida. .

_R. 11. BURR, Proprietor,_Rartow, Polk County, Fla.DEALER _
For Sale.1000LoquatsISto38inchesinhelghtStockv.
GROWN AND FOR SALE AT aJI.: : 3'". ::E3C: >.> .i.S..

from seed,once transplanted,well San Luis and Andalusia Nurseries, IN REAL ESTATE.AND .
root Seed selected from choice fruit grown'
by E. H.Hart,of Federal Point. Near TALLAHASSEE, FLA. PROPRIETOR OF '

Also a lot of Scuppernong and Thomas grape E. DUBOIS, Manager.Send '
vines,two and three years from layers, strong BUENA VISTA NURSERIES.Several .
and well grown. l for Catalogue and order early. Send,
Also a few thousand Sour Orange Trees I, also,for Price List of 0 thousand acres of land for sale. Every Kind of Budded Orange: and T emon Trees,
from one Inch to one and one half inches In all kinds of Seedlings,Japan Persimmon Trees,etc., for sale. Trees will be carefully packed
1 diameter-and above, nursery grown, twice FLORIDA WINES. and shipped to any part of the State. Bearing Lime Trees at 10 cents each.
,transplanted,with plenty of roots and vigo- ERMONT, I.AKF. COUNTY, FLORIDA. '
rous. Address.

.O.THACHER, Fairview_ tan:! Nurseries:Mateo, F a. Pineapple Plants for Sale. VILLA FRANCA NURSERIES.LEMONS .

Egyptian Queen from 15c. to $1. Scarlet or
Pants,can be set .t any season from 2c. to WOOD.
25o. each, packed and delivered on beard I,. 15. & C. A. SKINNER DUNEDIN FLA.

\ EotZ steamer Large order on receipt prices of on price application. AtonomizorH: and Po -Vder I3ellows. .

Eden Pineapple Plantation, Eden, Indian
8 .
P f.'t'fZ
!!Iif" f'" .
Grows all kinds of Fruit Trees and Vines,
Large stock LeConte and other Pears,Persimmons FLORIDA PLUM STOCK. (ESTABLISHED 1878.' )
Peen-to, and other peaches and plums. Three six and twelve months buds; 2,000 We Import from Japan,where our stocK Is carefully raised In our Nurseries Persimmon,
W.W.THOMPSON, two-year old. Some fruited this year. Mammoth Chestnut, Plum,Loquat, LitchI, Kin-Kan,and other Japanese and Chinese Fruit
Send for Catalogue. Smtthvllle Ga Botan Marianna.Purple Leaf and Simon's Trees. Giant and Dwarf Bamboos Ornamental Tree Shrubs and Bulbs.
Plum on Florida Seedling Plum stock the We have purchased the Geo. F. t Sylvester Seed House,at 3'5 Washington street, where we
. best for sections of Florida. Eureka, Peen- will carry all native and foreign seed bulbs maKing a specialty of Japanese Tree, Flower. ,
DRAYTON ISLAND NURSERY. To, Honey,best October and other Peaches on Vegetable and Field Seeds. Send for new illustrated Catalogue.
-' Florida peach stock. Japan Persimmon, II. II. BERGER Ac CO.,
'. ORANGE TREESOf Grapes, Oranges, etc. Price list free. Inspec- 315 and 317 Washington st t San Francisco, Cal.,P. O.box 1501.
tion solicited. A. CAP LAIIAN,
Prop. Eureka Nursery,Melrose,Clay Co.,Fla.
all the leading varieties budded on good SWITZERLAND NURSER5T.
and healthy sour stock 8 and 4 years old, and
from five-eights to one and one-half Inch In
diameter Buds 1 and 2 years old, nnd from The Hoffman Seedling: Strawb Iry. Peen-to,Honey and Bidwell's Early peach trees. \ Kelsey, Botan and other plum trees.
,two and a half to eight feet high. Good roots Grape Vines, Blackberry and Strawberry Plants. '
This extra early and most prolific berry,
and straight stocks guaranteed. .
A Nursery at Your Own Door.A .
'', ''For prices address now grown very extensively around Charles-

I GEORGE DARLING, ton and Norfolk for Its great shipping qualityand specialty made of sending all kinds of trees and plants by mall, and safe arrival guar-
Drayton Island, Fla. anteed. Price lists, free to all. Address '
Its handsome color and size,Is the best "
-- W. C STEELE Manager
for the Northern market ,
berry now grown Switzerland,St.Johns County,Fla.
FOLK COUNTY NURSERIES. and has superseded all other varieties wherever ,'.. '

I Introduced. I am now growing a large
Ii stock ol plant that Is now ready for the fall SHELL POND NURSERIES.Peaches

.'"JPolk J Co. Nursery 1 Improvement t Co., trade. Atl parties wishing to try them will .

"; please apply to me for circulars, as I will sell
All and the Lemon leading Trees.foreign and domestic Orange them at a very low rate. Pears, Figs, Plums, Kelsey] Plum and Other Fruits.

PrIce list on application., '
q'W.. B, LASSITER, Manager' OLIVER MOORE: Send for circular. Circular contains short history of peach culture In Florida,and hintsas
,' Homeland, Tla ,1'
1O Blake Street Charleston S. C. to culture. JAS. P. DePA S, Archer,Fla.


Well tested and approved varieties of the RANGE and LEMON and other Citrus Fruits. Eustis Lake County Fla.,
Offer for sate stock of budded air
QUATS, POMEGRANATES, BANANAS, PECANS, and a orange trees of leading varieties,including the

GRAPE VINES,Florida grown,of well 1 known varieties, fouud to be suited to the soil RIVERSIDE NAVLL :, '
and climate of Florida. -<;- Budded entirely} from buds received this season from Riverside, Cal. Bldwell,"Peen-to and
Send for catalogue to O. R. TIIACIIEU, Manager' Honey Peaches,Kelsey and other Japan Plums. All home grown. Best native and foreign
grapes.: Including a large stock BlackHamburg. White Adriatic and other figs/! PersimmonsJetc. -

San Mateo, :Fla Price"-f list freeonjappllcatlon.; ",.-, ;, G. ,H.- NORTON, Eust1.s; .



\ ,




OCTOBER 10, f'887.] -""."--THE; FLORi: A "DISPAT -: s)9



and Improved Varieties of Tropical and Semi-Tropical *
Trees Plants Bulbs and Flowers. A seedling of the Peen-to;by A. I. Bidwell, of Orlando, Fla.; in quality best, sprightly,
and forward with the it Is
Juicy sweet; the only variety yet'brought ripening Peen-to.it supe-
Special attention given setting' and tending young groves budding and pruning old rior to the latter in size and quality;It is not flat like the Peen-to but is a round peach of
one,planting Lawns and Flower Gardens. All work guaranteed. t |-we are also agents standard shape and high color. The original tree,the seed which was planted in the win
for Iiussey; 's Coulter Harrow and the old reliable brand of Geo. \V. Baker's Flesh, Blood and ter of 1882 is now six inches In diameter and has fruited finely the past three seasons,yielding ,
Bone Fertilizer. All Inquiries promptly answered. Send for Catalogue. Call on or address, four bushels this season,the first ripening May 7th,to-day(May 2othJ all left on the tree are
DUNCAN intO'S, Clear Water Harbor,Hlllsboro'County, Fla. ready for market.: _JAS. JTIOTT, Orlando, Fla

.' ., The Lakeland Nursery Company' FLORIDA GROWN PEACH TREES,

: Are now in readiness to forward a copy of their Kelsey Japan :Plums Olive Trees, Oranges, Figs, lemons,Pecans,

i'13 U na: J.\lI: :EIEt: :J:= FI.. :I: C EJ L J: IS T By the dozen,hundred or thousand,also a full supply of other Nursery stock adapted to
"'a Florida and the Gulf States. Am now booking orders for Fall delivery season of .
TO ANY ADDRESS FREE ON APPLICATION. 188788. Write for Prices. Catalogue free on application.

Communicate with E. H. TISON, )Manager GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES, ,
June 15,1887. Lakeland,Polk) Co.,!4'Ia. -
___G. L. TABER, Propr..Glen St.Mary,Fla.

i t G-a1n.es-viJ.1e ]:Nfu.rseries, .VIEW I NURSERIES.CHOICEST I .


i>-NEW PEACHES A SPECIALTY. 5,000 Superiors, ripens in May, size above medium, Budded Orange and Lemon Trees
quality best of all. 6,000 Thomas,late,ripens in September; single specimens have weigheda ,
pound. Bidwell's Early Wonder,and five other new varieties will be found in stock. and } Trees,Vines and Plants. Trees strong and well rooted
10,000 Kelsey Japan Plums; 20.000 LeConte Pears; 20,000 Persimmons, 2 to 10 feet Tropical Semi-Tropical. and Fruit especially adapted to outh Florida. .
high and trees of all will be sold CHEAP FOR CASH.Many .
}who good varieties.- An inspection is invited. inquiries by mail promptly answered. Catalogues sent free
miss It buy elsewhere. on application._R. D. HO YT, Kay View Hillsborough' Co...Fla.

Lemons,. Lemons Genuine Navels. ROYAL PALM NURSERIES

ORDER NOW, before our stock of Villa Franca Lemons is out. We have just sold 7,600 .
of this choicest of all Lemons for Fall delivery, but have some left. Our bearing Lemonsare
loaded. We shall ship in July and August and publish results in the"Dispatch." Rare exotic plants of all descriptions for summer planting. Rare and new fruits.
We have also a beautiful of the GENUINE Washington Navels,budded from one of Palms, Acacias, Agaves,Aloes,Cacti and Flowering. Plants. A general line of Citrus Trees
the ORIGINAL TREES received from nine since. Also most all '
we Washington years and Nursery stock:; suitable for Florida., .
other varieties of Orange,Lemon and Lime. ,
The Double Imperial Navel and the Atwood's Seedless Navel we now offer for the first time Price of JatRlogue (of 93 pages)15 cents,postpaid. Mailed free to all,customers.
to the Florida Orange Growers. We shall have for Fall and Winter delivery few hundred I KK AS OXER BUOS.,
of each of these varieties KEDNEY & CAREY, Winter Park,Fla. _Manatee Florida.


Have on hand and for sale a large stock of fine LEMON AND ORANGE TREES

Budded and Sweet Seedling Orange Trees. Budded from tried and approved varieties, and on good health locks.

Stocks five and buds one,two and three years old. All the leading named varieties; well] rust Trees suitable to Florida. Address,
grown and well rooted. Budded Peach and Nectarine Trees,Roses,etc. Send for "!' :
descriptive catalogue before giving your orders elsewhere. AARON:: :: wARR' ., CS-eorgreto-wn, ::E"lafn"

.i,. W. LIPSEY & CO., Citra, Marion Co., Fla. \ tR'R.'tfLEl,13.e

ORANGES Pomegran-, Valrico Nurseries I LEMONS= : : G-eorge iN "'cirier1e&cEASON

ates.i'igs, ,' Bananas, OF 1887-88.
O rapes, All fruits, plants and vines,suited to the climate of Florida including Oranges Lemons
Pears, Anona, and all the citrus fruits,as well as Peaches,PE'arsPlums,Persimmons,Grapes,FIg8l Pecans,
Pecans Catalogue Free. Acacia, Almonds,Apricots;Olives,etc. Also many useful\and ornamental grasses, ,etc.
Oriental 'erlnm, Have also for sale several valuable improved places at great bargains. Catalogue free to
Plums and W. G. TOUSEY, Caladium, any address. ,
Persimmons, Poinci-na, W. W. HAWKINS & SONS
LIMES, Etc. Seffher, Hillsborough Co., Fla. PALHIS,Etc. __Link George, to


IL Budded Orange Trees,from one to'three years old,for planting during the rainy season. Citrus and Deciduous Trees, Rooted Grape

Orden taken for all varieties of Fruit and Ornamental Trees,to be delivered the coming

Fall and Winter. _Vines and Cuttings. ,

F. S. CONE, Proprietor, We make a specialty of Grape Vines of all varieties,and Fig Trees. Liberal discount to
All answered. Address
nurserymen. Inquiries promptly

,. SUNSET HILL NURSERIES. Nurseries of the Milwaukee Florida Orange Company; ,

Catalogues,with practical hints to new beginners, free on application. Our list include
the choicest varieties of the Citrus family grown. Also, Dunedin, Hillsborough County, Florida.We .

Peaches, Pears, Plums, Grapes, and other Fruits. make a specialty of the DISTINCTIVE varieties of CITRUS FRUIT TREKS,Including
buds personally selected in California by a member of our com-
Our stock .Is one of the largest in the State. Thornless and Early Fruiting varieties aspecialty. Double ImperialRiverslde(
pany) and Washington Navels,Maltese Blood, Hart's Tardiff Jaffa, Du Roi,Stark'g Seed-
less,etc.,etc. In Lemons we have Villa Franca,Sicily,Genoa,Belair Premium and Eureka.
11. W. PIERCE, Also Tahiti Limes,Peaches,Plums,White Adriatic Figs,etc.,etc. Our stock is large,com-
Indian Springs Orange Co.,Fla. plete,well rooted,thrifty and clean. Special terms on large orders. Catalogue free on ap-
plication. Address _A. L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla.'
AJtalX1.on.te: :Nf-u.rseries. .

ORANGES, LEMONS: ACHES. ; JSru.rserl.es.LeConte
:Fi.ock.yBran.cb.: : .
All the leading orange and lemon trees, including the "Everbearing" orange. Oranges
excrv month in the year. Washington Navel oranges a speciality. Peen-to,Pallas Keiffer, Bartlett, Lawson and and'Honef' : peach trees. Kelsey,and other Japan plums,including that wonderful new plum,
the"Blood Plum of Satsuma"and the'Early Sweet Plum"Nla raEmplre State and leadS cialty. ,
Ing varieties of foreign grapes. The new fig"Foundling,"Pears,Perslmmot s, Figs Mulberries -
,Loquats,Guavas,Nut trees,eta The new Japanese seedless orange "Unshiu. a comp Summer contracts,Special Rates,will now be given. Address
p t, plete line of ornamental trees, Including Grevilleas, Eucalyptus, Acacia, etc. Illustrated i .. B. W. PARTRIDGE, .
catalogue free. Address, ii. L. WIIEATL.EY, !
_Altamonte.Orange County.Fla _,

Deer Island Gardens and Nurseries, SOUTH FLORIDA NURSERIES..

1 OAKLAND ORANGE CO.. FLA. Sixty thousand choice Orange,Lemon and Lime Trees for sale. Ten thousand fine Florida
grown Peach Trees,of the Honey and Peen-To; varieties also two new varietl.,Hybrids of
Pot Grown Semi-Tropical Fruit and Ornamental Trees, Plants and Honey and Peen-To,named by us Chinese King and Chinese Queen. The Chinese King
ripens in May. The Queen ripens three weeks later than Hotiey. Our evening bearing orange
Vines. No Loss in
# Transplanting. will give you ripe fruit the year round. We have the genuine Washington Navel Mnt to us
1 Catalogue and Price List Free,on application to the Manager. Address \ direct from Washington. Big discount on large orders.C. r
A. E. CIIARIPI.IN B. PEI/TOl,:Manager,

____________Oakland,Orange Co..Fla. Lake Helen,Florida.
Established 1850. 200 Acres In Fruit Nursery.
.; FRUITLAND NURSERIES T apaD.eS: JSru.rserles. : : ,
The stock:of Fruit and Ornamental Trees specially adapted to.Florida is doubtless the
most varied In the United States. Many valuable additions have lately been made to the OF THE
lists of Fruits suited to sub-tropical sections. In addition to the usual large variety of fruits
we offer 100.000 Peen-To,Honey and Pallas Peach Trees;also,Kelsey's, ISotan and Oriental ImportingCompany.; .
otherOrlenf} Plums,Oriental Pears Japan Persimmons,Grape Vines Stratw- >
i berryPiants, ete. Our stock of sores, -. alms, Acacias and flow- Main Office 13J Sutter St.,San Francisco. -t _B,,,L.,GOLDMAN. ,'Manager.
ering shrubs inCludes everything of value for Southern g1l.rdens. A special Catalogue(No.4) "-I !', '"'- <.' -lJ", '
tspnbUshed for this branch ot our establishment and will be mailed tree to aU app cants.e UNSHUI, CANTON HYBRID and.KIN-KANi JAPAN" ORANGE TREES. CHEST
"W do,got.m.p107apnt.l. Bnde, your order direct to us and avoid being imposed upon., NUTS PERSIMMONS; ORNAMENTAL TREES. Send for Catalogue.
."' '" ..
.<."" -" <_\.e., '-.
$f .. ..
:'." '" ; J'
;.r :
,: I
; .
I. 6





:- /::+ : -'.: ,.') < -
: ; : :::\':; _: ') .
.' .
,850 ----THE FLORIDA:: DISPATCH. -- 7\ [OCTOBER 10, 1887f .


WRITE Fun:: ESTABLISHED 1875.E.BEANCommission .

"How to Grow LcConte, Keiffer, 800,000, ACRES

Bartlett and Other Pears
in the _South." Free.W. FLORIDA LANDSSituated

JENNINGS & CO., Merchant Forwarder:
.. Thomaaville, GaV In the Counties of Nassau, Duval, ,
Columbia,Suwanee,Alachua,Lafayette Marion --......... ,
OB. SA.J.EJ: Hernando, !Humter, Volushi.:
Brevard, Polk, HHlsborougb, 'Manatee and Waycross, R. Wharf, Waycross R. R. Depot,

At Immense Bargains. .
Monroe.TOWN Jacksonville Fla. Gainesville Fla.
." ,
60/CO) LeConte pear trees onetwo and three LOTSIn "
years old,finest nursery stock in America and .

at 2,000 lowest() Paper prices.Shell Pecan trees most excellent the Towns of Kissimmee, Winter Haven, I have in Stock and to arrive
Gordonvtlle Bartow Lakeland
,Auburndale ,
Kolb Gem Melon Seed
variety. Hay and Seflner, Mango, Orient Eagle Lake, Haskell
C.L.,delivered. Finest Syrup
evaporated by the barrel. made Kathleen, Elchland, Bade City, Owensboro 250,000 Banyoe Orange Boxes, 50,000 Gum and Poplar Orange i
and Pemberton. -
I own over 12,
in this county, and wish to sell . the balance. Perfect safety and fair profit to the Land of the
guaranteed,with absolute security for a partner application South Florida.Rallroad Company.Department Box Hoops, 50,000 Reams Orange. Wraps. J
with ,
capita) and demonstrate to his o!

entire be satisfaction that an immense fortune GEO. Fox, Sizers,Team Cars, Orange Clips, Ladders and other growers' supplies, all of which will
can reasonably expected. Write for circular
be sold at the LOWEST POSSIBLE RATES. .
containing prices of nursery stock and Cliief Clerk, Have the very best facilities for the distribution and sale of Oranges. Consignments, so-
land and
full particulars In regard to advantages icited. Send fo>. Stencils, Circulars and Price Lists. _
of th's sect Jan find my,propositions and SANFORD, FL.A --
references. :

-i- E. D. BAll.KY,ITTontlccllo, Fla. CURRANT II A Largest Grower-

"Articles;"_ Cold of Association Storage" Company.of the Florida RELIABLE- SEEDSFOR F FI A---y--I 'Headquarters y H A- P-- S GRAPE in-OF--America.VINES' :_ .

We. whose subscribedto NIAGARA EMPIRE STATE. and all othera: ,new and old;also small fruits. Lowest -
names are these ,
price,highest grading,warranted tree. In every'respect
articles C, do hereby associate .ourselves and a model and firat-claea establishment. Free Illua'd Catalogue. GEO. S. JOSSELYN, FREOONIA, K. T.
become Incorporated under the: provisions of -
Chapter 1639 of the Acts of the Legislature of :'r-r -

the State of Florida approved August 8 1868, Largest and Best Stock in the South.. PANCOAST GRIFFITHS I. -'
and of the ammendments thereto, and do de- ,,
clare follows: ,
1. The name of the Corporation shall be SPECIAL LOW PRICES to large buyers. Sendus FRUIT AND PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANTS
The Florida Cold Storage Company. a., list of what you require and w* will ,
2. Its place business shall>e Jacksonville quote prices per return mail.. Descriptive PHILADELPHIA.
Florida; Catalogue free. ,
3. The-general: nature of the business to be Inaugurators of the Ventilated system of shipping Strawberries from Florida (without Ice).
transacted shall be to famish m'd storage for T. W. WOOD & SONS, Seedsmen, .!ef erence: Our.Acc't Sales and check Saturday,for every shipment closed out that'week. ,
all purposes,to manufacture and sell Ice, and --
----------- ---
If found advisable in promotion of the main No. 10 S. Fourteenth.St., KlcUmond.. Va. '
business to forward and sell fruits, vegetables O- PORTER & CO., '
and .
4. The amount otherTJroduee.of the capital stock shall be PIANOS, ORGANS &,MUSICAL GOODS. COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
Fifty Thousand Dollars. Twenty-five per .
centum of the stock subscribed for shall be <
paid when the Company may be organized,or Genuine Bargains.
r the subscriptions made:twenty-five per cent. FLORIDA FRUITS AND .VEGETABLES A SPECIALTY:
hall be'payable within,n thirty days thereafter -
the and the remainder when called for by Being Sole Agents In theSouth for Consignments- specially solicited during the Exposition. Prompt returns guaranteed.

Company. 68 Peachtree St. Atlanta. Ga.
5. The business of the be ,
Company phall '
conducted by a President, a Secretary, who
shall also be the treasurer and five.directors, THUSHEK, BENT & ABION ,, Well Curbing and Chimney Flues *
whom the president shall be one.

6. The stockholders shall elect the directors PIANOS Cheaper and Better than Brick.FOUNDATIONBLOCKS. I
annually at a meeting to be held on the sec- ,
ond Tuesday In Janurry. The directos shall ..
then as soon as may be convenient elect the .
President and ORGANS '
the Secretary and Treasurer
The terms of these officers shall be one year f Ornamental, Cheap and Strong. No skilled labor required.
and nntll their successors shall elected and rA Address

qualified to act The Treasurer shall give a .MASON &: HAMLIN, BAY STATE, FLORIDA STOKE: AND PIPE COMPANY,
bond with sureties f o be approved by the Directors -
,in a sum to be fixed by them conditioned PACKARD ORCHESTRAL. Office 524 West Bay Street. Jacksonville Fla.
that,lie n..ccounl.
will faithfully for all
moneys coming into his hand We call special attention: to our

7. As soon an fen centum of the capital Eyeryone given benefit of our one price system
shall be subscribed for, the subscribers shall and prices guaranteed lowest. Easy SHEEP GUANO AND NEVI HARD-WOOD ASHES,
for the purpose oforganlzingthis' corporation, terms of payment,and payment of freight assumed
sifted and unleashed free from coals other
meet an.l elect Director*, a President and by us to Purchaser's nearest R, It.or entirely stones or foreign substances.
Secretary and Treasurer to serve until their: steamboat landing. Sheep Guano per ton, $25. Hard-Wood Ashes per ton $30Tvsen.
successors shall b?elected and qualified.

The subscribers shall then and I'M soon as ; ST1r""a j1 :b. cfc CO.
the Trcasurer's bond shall be approved, pay .- ,
into his hands at least twenty-five per cent 12 W. Bay, Jacksonville Fla.
tum of the amounts of their subscriptions .
8. Certificates of stock shall be Issued and VIOLINS, GUITARS, BANJOS;}AC- -.
signed by the President and secretary and : .- :EI. eV. :Jy :Jn.: a :n. :J?> b. 1 p.S ,
Treasurer under the seal; of the corporation CORDEOHS
and shall be transferable under regulations to SANFORD, PLO RI 1)A..
b made by the Company. SELLSFORRESTER'S
9. The Corporation shall not at any time and all kinds of small Instruments offered at <
subject itself to a greater Indebtedness or lia lowest prices. Send for our illustrated cata- CHEMICAL MANURESPREPARED
the amount of its capital stock. logue. .
10. The President,with the con'ent of the ,.. FOR
Directors shall engage such agents, em- Oruuge Tr'er and other Fruits and. Plantation and Garden Crops,
ployees and laborers make such contractsand SPECIFICALLY PREPARED FOR EACH CROP.

purchase"for the such proper materials conduct as n of ay the be Company's necessary -- Artist Materials No Vermin-Feeding Compounds used in the Manufacture of these Goodr

business. WM.M. Bosxwick.Ti. Picture Frames, : The highest grade goods are tne best and cheapest,and these goods meet the want. Many

:. M.L'ENGLE. Fine Pictures needless arA"well that is claimed for them. References can fr
where re
WHo D VIDSON.C. ., known. It can be truthfully said that these the stand :
8. L'ENGLE. Fancy Goods,
Albums I
HENRY A. I/ENGLE. !! Stationery.We NE ; I

Spt J6th,1887.
can save_you money In anything in -- --
Music, Art or Fancy Goods. Write us lui -
WE MANUFACTURE' : prices. -- -- -- 1 ;o.CUNS .


:FOB LUDDEN & BATES S. M.H I For Florists, Gardeners, Farmers, etc.,supersedes -
Water Cttl and Gas DALY HAMMERLESS. THEREE IARKEL, glass j at one-tenth the cost on. cold
MANHATTAN HAMHEBIESS. I I PIEPER BREECH LOADtSs.1(frames, hot-beds,etc Unequaled for
1rdrIIUeorJMUDE.' SAVANNAH, GA. Send for Catalogue of Specialties.BCIIOVKIZLINO. .
Largest Stock .. America TOBACCO PLANT BEDS.
Farmers with small out; JDAI/K A OALEP.SI 1
lay (experience unnecessary. Can and. 88 Chambers Street,Hew York.'Promotes. I hardy. rapid growth. Used and .
maice large profits. Nor &lia.Can ;1r'ALBERT FRIES -- ---- f{ endorsed by leading growers. Also water-
direct buyers to paying territory. 1 proof rovers for all farm purposes.
Di Prospecting for Water,Coalor St. Nicholas Fla. The Victor Rock Ml' j Circulars nml samples free.WELLBoREBANDPEosPwroX. .
Gas done on application. ; U. S. \Vater| ro>.flnc Fibre Co. (Limited),
Also MTfl of WIND MILLS. Agent for Geo. W. Baker's ThaDtptoewandAtaeYedafawardeditt>: 5 6 South. St., Nets York.
B68SI POWHtS. FEED MILLS, tha"Centenuiar'inl876. 4lcentyrrofLk,,. -"--- .
FODDER AND ENSILAGE ROTTED BONE MANURE. 1uxd lUordered"'OMday. H? Good 8. 0 D 0
CUTTERS,PIMPS AM WEU 8EPPUL active Agents can clear 8125 perweek '
DECOMPOSED WITH POTASH. Send tar Circulars and Terms.
Mention this Paper. Bend
Addreee. WKA V Ell, Colored p la.te8. 100 cngrnriagr
Uo to mailing
cover COlt I' Twenty-five dollars per tou free on board;ji, of different are
Catalogue.CHICAGO Jacksonville,or at factory price delivered in WOR'K.FCllt .\Li",. S50\VI2EKL and worth, and w hereto b \\I
New YorK. ,- paid. Outfit wor h ::1 Mailed for 15 Cents.
TUBULAR..WELL, MfiIN(& I d led Orange and Umbrella Trees from and particulars free. P. O. YJCKKKY, Aut t ASSOCIATED FANCIERS, :"i
--- 1111'..aa.. cbIa.,1114P z,.. to gusta, Me, I 1 237 8.Eteiitfc: St.ruiluUIpUa,Pa.: "

'. ,1' 7' t tA'

I:' "
fir : '
,- :> ./7
9 9i

.R +



.. ; '

,-:.OCTOBER-'" ,10,1887.1. '.... ,: ., THE FLOEIDA DISPATCH. == ',.851' *



", TIME FOB- w :" ,


i Savannah, New York BOSTON' All Trains. on this Road are run by Central Direct all-rail route between .Jacksonville
Standard Time. Green Cove Spring, Palatka, Gainesville
and Philadelphia,
and between Boston AND: .Passenger. Trains will leave and arrive dally: Ocala, Leesburg, DeLand, Enterprise,Titus-
vllle, San ford Mt. Dora Tavares Winter
as follows: ;
And Savannah ,
fork,Orlando,Tampa and.southern Florida. 4,
Time table In effect June 27 1887. Central .
85 to 70 HOURS. PHILADELPHIA. Arrive Jac.k.sonv111e.12:00 n'u standard time. A means a, m.: P means p.m.) '.

LeavfoJack80nV111e.-...............___ 7.X( >a m
Arrive Waycross.?......__..?_..... 9:18 a m GOING SOUTH.
) .! Ocean ArrlveJsup'_.?.,............._..........-...1O:3'l a m Lv Jacksonville from M., F.v.. HY: tatlon.
Steamship Company.Central Arrive Svannah..NNN.........._?.?12.06 p m Cuban
Arrive Charleston............................. fits p m Pug. Mall. Pass.
f Arrive BichmonL-.........._......... 6:54 a m Daily
il" ( or 90,Meridian Time) Arrive Washington-.....?..........-.......11:30 a m STATIONS. A. M. P. M. P.M.
Passage Rate : Airi te BaIt! .ore.-............?.............M.12:40 p m Lv Jacksonville_..._. 8:00 12:30 $:IS
J Between Jacksonville and New York, 1st class S2L75; Intermediate$16.75; Kxcursion 113.50; Arrive Philadelphla...._..... ?....._3:10 p m Orange Park.._... 8:30 12M 4:18
I Steerage 1175. Arrive New York>......_....__.NW 5:50 p m II Green Cove Spring... 9:05 1:2-1 4M
\ I Jacksonville and Boston, Lit class$25.00; Excursion Jl.7.50: Steerage$12. 0. Pullman Bullet Cars to and from New York Ar' Palatka..?_........_ 10fO 2:11 5:50
J ,J THE Magnificent Steamships of this Company: are appointed to sail as follows: Jacksonville and ullman Sleeping cars Lv PaJatka...__....?__ 10:06 2:1 6:00
> to and'trom Jacksonville and Tampa. C& PomonaH._"'.__' 10:40 6:8-1
FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.CITY u HuntingtonCres.( .} 10:51 6:45
OF AUGUSTA "apt Catharine ...._._?... Sunday Oetober2- (+a. m Mevme..._?" ........ 11 15 3:10 1:16 .
1 ALL AH ASSEE,Capt.Fisher .?..<... ........ .. .......Tuesday, October 7:00 a.r NEW ORLEANS KZPKK3 DeLand Junction. 12f\8p 3:52 8V5
i Arrive JacksonvllI&................ ..._.. 7:45 m
... . 9:00 a. p
CHATrAHOOCHEE .. .,,_.. _. cU> -
Capt. Ver'
NACOOCHEE. ,. Daggett. Oetobt r910:3Oa.mCITY ? LeaveJacksonvilie.............._..___. .:00.%m Ar DeLand (DeL Ky.. J2:25p 4lu 8:21
\ OK AUGUSTA Capt.Kemr.ton.--..... .... ...Tuesday.Sunday October 11- lOOp.) m Arrive Waycross ..........-___.._ 9:18 a xo Lv DeLand (DeL. By).. 11:00& 1:5S 7:40(

TALLAHASSEE. Oapt. Fisher .-.,.............. ..... Friday.,,October 14- 8:30 p. m Arrive Thomasville...__-......_...,..1:22: pm Lv Orange City June.- 1220 4:01 8:18
J' CHATrAHOOCHEE Oetober 16-'6:00 m Arrive Bainbridge..................__... 8:3S p m Enterprise Junction. 1232 4:12 8:31
Capt. Daggett.JSnnday, p. Arrive Chattahcochee.................. ..... 4.())4
ACOOCBEE.. Capt.Kemp ton-.._.-._....?.-.Tuesday,October 187:00 a. m p m 41 Monroe ......._.....1239 4:18 8:38
CITY .. October 21 900a. m Arrive Pensacola via L. & N.R.R-...10:10 pin Ar anford ..._...__ 12:52p 8:48
1 OF AUGUSTA Capt. Ca hart re ...._.... ?......_...,.. rldey: 4-BOp
Arrive Mobile L.AN.B,R......_.. 2:15
via a m
October 23 ll.00a.roCHATTHOOCHEECspt.
J TALLAHASSEE.Capt. Fisher.... J;.,,Sunday: A.M. P M.
t Dfireett.......Tuesday October 25- MX)p.m Arrive New Orleans viaL.A N.R.B. 7:10 a m '
: Pn Iman Buffet Cars to and from Waycrossand Lv Banford...___._... 9:0fP".oo; 5:00 .
KACOOOHEE.Oapt.Kempton.'rtday: ,October 28- MO p.m New Orleans via Pensacola and Mobile. Ar Sorrento._............- 10:12 5:5'1
CITY OF AUGUSTAj;Capt Catbarine..t. ... ....*,Sunday: ,October r.5.-00 p. m '-' 14 Mt.Dora._N..p... N.;... 10:32 6:13
4 FROM SAVANNAH:TO BOSTON. ". Tavares..._..NN.N_ 10:48 627
A.. C. LINE JaPBJi88.
1 BATE Capt E. R.Taylor..NN..N?.?. .........._......_.._Thursday: ,October&- 8:00 a.m Leave Jacksonville..._............_ .... 2:05 p m Ar Enterprise_......_ 4...2, ---'
CITY OF MACON,Capt JL C. W1a.-...........';_...._-Thursday, October 13- 2a p m Leave Callahan........._......._...?_ 2:47 p m Lv Enterprise _...._. 4:00 .
GATE CITY Capt.Taylor. Thursday: October 20- 8tO a.m Arrive Waycrose................_.............. 4:40 p m 44Ar Osteen...___...._ .. ":56
CITY OF MACON,Capt Lewis ....... ... ...............Thursday, October 27- fcSO p.m Arrive 8avannah.........-....?........... 7:58 p m Titusvllle.-. N.N-.. ft:32 .
FOR HILAIELFHIA, Arrive Charleston_....___...MM 1:25 a m LV bunioni i o Fla Ey). 4:1U
do not Passengers..] Arrive Wilmlngton..................N........? &-25 a m Ar Orlando..._.____ 5:32 .
DESSOtTG Capt. N. P. HowesSteamers_.. .._carry..._.......Sunday: October 8:00p.m Arrive Weldon.._....-.........?......._ 2:40 p m Klsslmmee ___.. ':16'
? ? Arrive Richmond. .............................. 6.-00 Lakeland .......... ..... .
'u stiAi/v, Capt. Alkll1L._........._........._..................--Friday.: October 79:00 a.m p m ; :. '
DESSOUG. Capt. Howes....... .................. .. M..........WednesdayOctober 12- 1:30p. m Arrive Washington.NNNNN..,_N.11:00pm K t Tl O w....?..**._......N.. 8:40?!
..sUNIAT, Capt.Aikins NNN ...._.._..._..._..._..?.:..'.. Monday, October 17- 6.00 p.mn'RJ880UG Arrive New York ......_..._m_ 8:50 a m Tampa (So Fla Ry...., -9UO'
Capt. N.F. Howes....._....._.... ......__......._..Saturday October 229:30 a.m Pullman Buffet Sleeping Can from Jack Lv Palatka (Fla So By) 1005aAr J.
JUNIATA,Capt, AKlns....... .... .. ... .... ..... .. ....Thursday,.October 27- 2:80: p. m sonville to New York. Gainesville 12:20p .
** Ocala _................_.... l:]8 '.
THESE PALACE STEAMERS, ZA8'1'FLORIDA JIXPJaIL Leesburg................ 8:15 .
':'OBnect1nJr"W1t.b -Savannah, Florida and Western Railway (Waycross'-Short Line) Arrive Jacksonville ....._._...._..._. 9:45 a m 11 Brooksvilfe__...__ 5:40
Offer to the Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by: no other line. Live Jacksonville..N..N.N.?...__ 4:15pm .
Through Ticket and Bins of Lading issued to principal polDti North,East and.Northwest Leave Waycross..._._.._....._......N 7:20 p m GOING NORTH.
via Savannah. For information and rooms apply to' Leave Gainesville............_...-?.?. 3:45 p m Cuban Mall.Dally.. Pass. P.M.
HENRY YONGE, Agent, C. G. ANDERSON Agent, Leave Lake Clty.: ........_...._ ....._... &25 p m .
Pier No.85 North River New York. City: Exchange Building Savannah, Ga. Leave Live Oak......:_....._.?....:... .... 6:55 p m STATIONS. P.M. A.M. A.M.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD.Agent, Savannah Pier, Boston. Leave Thomasville. ......._.._?....10:55 p m Lv Tampa (So Fla RR).. 8:10
W. L.JAMES Agent, 18 8.Third Street,Philadelphia. Arrive Albany....._............ ._...1:22 am Lakeland .w....__... 9:30 .
;J. D. BASHAbEN, Eastern Agent, Sav.. ,Florida 4 Western Ry. Co. 261 Broadway.N.Y. Arrive Montgomery via Cen,.R.; R.:_ 7:28 a m 44 Bartow........._ _.. 6:00
8. M.SORREL. Gen. Manager. H.B. CHRISTIAN, Soliciting Agent. Arrive Mobile via L.A N.R.R.....-... 1:50 p m 44 Klssimmee. ....._ 11:20 6:Z )r:40
For Tickets apply to 8., F.& W. Railway: office. Arrive New Orleans,Ia L. A N. R.R. 7:20 p m 44 Orlando.........?_.__ 12r25a 7:10 12:+6p _
Arrive Nashville via L. A N. R.R.... 7.1)5: p m Ar 'H .nfom So( Fla R R 1:00 8:20 1:15 "

Arrive Louisville via L.A N.R.R.... 2:12 a m Lv Tiiusvllie..__...... 11:11
Arrive Cincinnati via L. &N. R. R_ 6:30 a m Osteen .._.............._
2,500,000 ACRES OF LAND I:12p)'
Arrive St.Louis via L.&N. K.R........'. 7:35 a m Ar Enterpris____ 1:3p
Pullman Buffet Cars to and from Jacksonville Lv Enterprise ..... ...... J:;17p
and St. Louis via Thoraasville Montgomery
i FOR SALE. BY ; and Nashville Lv Tavares............... 7:00 1Ji)
I Mt Dora.......?......_ 7:13 11,57a
: EAST TENNESSEE EXPRESS. H orrento... _......_.._
THH FLORID 80UTl HBH EAEffAY HY Arrive Jacksonville..___.......... 7:25 a m Ar anford _?..._._ AM 7:38 1217p
Leave Ja ck son .......................... 7:00 p 8:25 1rop
,, Leave Callahan................................ 7:40p m ,Lv Sanford__...?....._. 1:15 8:3) l:86p
Arrive Waycross........._.................. 9:30 p m ** Monroe._..... N._ N. 8:40 1:44
SITUATED IN THE COUNTIES OF Arrive Jesnpu...._.........._... ..............10-. 7 p m ** Orange City June.... 1:48 8:59 2:02
s Arrive Macon via E.T.V.A G. R. R. 3:50 a m DeLand.Junctlon.. 2.-00 9:12 2:13
.: Arrive Atlanta via E. T.V.A G.R.R. 7:20 a m Ar DeLandDeLand( Ry) 9:30 2:27
Columbia, Bradford Clay, Putnam, Alachua Levy, Marion, Orange; Arrive Chattanooga E.T.V.&; G. 1:35: p m Lv Do' Land M 8:55 1:55 .

Sumter Hernando Hillsborough Brevard Baker Polk & Manatee Pullman Buffet Cars and passenger coaches Lv Spring Garden,.__,_ 2:19 9:31 2:30
to and from Jacksonville and Chattanooga. *4 Seville
3:02) 10:09 ano
I Consisting of the finest Orange FaiLilng, Vegetable and Grazing Lands in the State of Flor SAVANNAH EXFBS93. HuntInrtoTr"CresC( ) 8:2 8 102! 3:31
ida. Prtcek 11.25 per acre and upwards according location. Arrive Jacksonville...*....._._ 5:30 a m (i PomonB_______ 8:38 10:40 3:41
Arrive Gainesville. ....._......_..... .10:30 a m Ar Palatka..N ?...N._ 4:15 11:12 4)14
,Y '. For further information,apply to Office Florida Southern Railway Co., P&la'kJ'la.' Leave J acksonVUle..__........._.._.. 9:00: p m
.t Leave Gainesville-.-............NN._....... 8:15 P m AM AM-
L',':N.TYILKIE, W. P. COUPEtt, Leave Lake Clty..._..................__ 325 p m Lv LeesburgFla8oRy( ) 10::
Leave Live Oak?._._...........___. 6:55 pm II Ocala_......_._ 12:43p
Chief Clerk and Cashier Land Department. Chief Engineer and Land Commissioner. Arrive Waycros8................. ............11:45 p m Oalnesvtlle.____. 0:45 1:33
Arrive Albany via B.& W. R.R......... 5C()a m Ar Palatka.-.._.. _...... 10:+1'4:10
Arrive Macor via Central R. ..._
R. 9:10am
Pslatka __ _
Arrive Atlanta_via Central R. B-...... 1:05 p m 44 Green Cove 5:21 '
Spring. S16
Arrive Chattanooga via W.4A.R.R. 7.5 p m 44 Magnolia......._.
,..lCTh4i: Arrive Savannah..._....____...... 6:10 a m 14 Park.... 5:23 1222 5:18
Orange ....
Arrive Charleston... ...........?....>....._11:40 a m Ar Jacksonville........ 5:58 6:30a 1256l28p 6:20p 5:48
Fruit and Produce Commission Merchant. Pullman Buffet Can Jacksonville Cincinnati -
and through coaches Jacksonville to Three trains between Jacksonville and San-

Florida Fruit and Vegetables a specialty. No. 234 North Delaware Avenue (below Vine Chattanooga. ford. No change of cars between Jacksonvilleand
Street) Philadelphia. Consignments of all kinds of Fruit and Produce solicited. Returnspromptly Pullman Meeting Cars to and from Jacksonville Tampa.The .
made as advised. Stencils and market reports furnished on application. and Savannah. 12:30 p.m. Cuban fast mail train awaits
.,. 'Reference: H.8. Kedney, Winter Park, Ha.' ; A. H. Carey Orlando, Fla.; L.B. Law- Through Tickets sold to all points by Ball the arrival of the fast mall from the North
rence' :Winter Park, Fla., and the trade generally In Philadelphia and New York. and Uteanrsnlp connections, and bergs and stops only at the principal stations andat
checked through. Also, Sleeping Car Lemon street, Palatka, making connection
'. and sections secured at the Company's Office Tampa with steamers for Key West And
PC>'"VVE1B..S 00. in Astor's building,82 Bay street,and at Pas- Havana on Monday and Thursday evening
d3. senger Station, and on board People's Line Pullman Buffet Sleeping cars are attached to
Steamers H. B. Plant and Cbattahoocb.ee and this train from New York through to Tampa,
GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS IN DeBary.Baya; Line Steamer City of Jackson and to 8:00 p.m.train from Tampa through to
Ville. WM. HABDEK, Washington. .
FLORIDA FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. General Passenger Agent Direct connection Is made at Palatka with
P n PT 'P''T'fn:' "In1'A9t"'ftAnt.Fancy the Florida Southern Railway t+ and from

Gainesville, Ocala, Leesburg,and other points
AH goods sold day of arrival, and check and sales sent on that day. Give. us a trial ship- reached by that road. Also with the St.Johns
ment. and Halifax Railway for Ormond Daytona.
1024 Main Street Richmond Va. At HuntIngton wttb stages for Crescent City.
K Poultry. At Oranage City Junction with B. 8., O. C. &
A.Ry for Lake Helen and New Smyrna. At
CANADA UNLEACHED HARD WOOD Monroe with Orange Belt Railway for Apopkaand
Oakland. At Sanford for all points
MOIXCKIEF POULTRY YARDS, reached South Florida
I by Railroad.
Supplied in Car Lots. P. O. Box 381 Jacksonville, Fla Steamer leaves Titusville for Cocoa, Hoek-

W. W. FENDRICH ledge, Melborne and Intermediate If lings
AS H ES PUT Of ff BAGS Olt BA It1Lt3. on Indian River at 8 a.m.,Monday Wednes-
White and Brown Leghorns, Light Brab- day and Friday. Returning leaves Melbourne -
mas, Plymouth Rocks, Langsbans. and ,at 530 a.m., ruesday, Thursday and
; Cheapest. Fertilizers in ,U. o.' Wyardottes Until further nOe ttce,wm furnish Saturday.City .
Direct shipments Guaranteed analysis. Price and Pamphlet free Address '*,, ,' Eggs from the above varieties at|1 pre ticket office,northwest corner Bay: and
: thirteen delivered at Express office. Hogan sts. L.C. DOMINO, G. T.A:.
<'{\\ CHA8.'STEVENS, Box 437, Napanee, Ont., Canada. :}/ :" Mention DISPATCH. M.MORAN,Gen.Hopt, and G. P.A.
r. ; .u.: <;. '

t. :'

'*, .......... <

., .. .. .... ., ,
,.IJ t. << ": ,

,852....,., :. _. -i:" : ____ 4 ..-._ 1. L .:. ITiOIlEDJL: DISPATCTL--" -- [OCTOBER Jf 10.. E 1687VILLA
-at *v f *- >Jrf
"'''' : r"' '. ". -' -
\ '
The -:Largest and Moat Complete l .Estate1 ..
,: lishment.S ldk. '
., : .

o LANDS, ... ,. : Charleston & Florida


j ;' "
AND ,".' I .. _J fA.' ;'

"N"'FANCY POULTRYA. 1! 'The'elegant'Steamers of this Line are appointed,to sail

y ,\.*' .J'. : -- From' JacksonvilleEvery
I 'I tt .,.,,.,. .
.1. A... D A4 lt S I -' "
: Xlinrsclaj-, us follows-:

,MANATKE, i'LA., raerCHEROKEE ...................... ......'.. :...... .TharsdrY.ltii b?r t3tbl:..o p. m
fs'olary Public and Justice of the Peace. II 8tG\I1S0LE: ...... ............ ..................."*. 'Thursday.Octobe' :2ith6.-00a..m' ;
'. CHEROKEE. ............................ ....-*,,.-s.ThnndayOctotxr7tblftQO: : m
Has for tale one thousand acres of choice From Femundina,' Fla.,

Ifujdon Manatee river,in. and sight Palmetto of) Manatee., and. Geo. S. Hacker & Son Every'Sunday evening after'arrival'of F'R.: & N Go's trains, as follows:
Bramndentthotnr.eE' ,
agent for ,Wire Fencing, Steamer. DELAWARE ....: :..:.v.;.;,.:. .:V..TX: .:;*...;/,../:.:....:........Sunday.October 2d
Poultry Netting Lime, Cement Fertilizers, MANUFACTURER OF 7 CITY OK COLUMBIA ......... .... ...........Thuisday, uctubertlih.l1 am
fend pllantatton.uppliesCrackrdrornandlice DOORS SASH :BLINDS MOULDINGAnd + YEMA. EE ..................... ........ .... ....................Sunday,Oo obei 9th
,Gra:'ulated Lime,Rock and*helt. Cat u DELAWARE........ ... .. ... ......... .....................Sunday October 111th
tie and Poultry reed ground to order iii MateriahOffice YEMASSEE.!: ................ ..:................... ...........,... .Sunday.October 2M
(steam mill/on premises. .! Sunday,uctober30th
Has 2140 breeding kennels. of acclimated
Laverack and Irish Setters, Irish Bull Ter- and Warerooms, King op. Cannon St. All Ships sail fom Fernandina after arrival of afternoon trains of Florida R llway and
rlersr Wow-trail''Bloodhounds and Colorado _Charleston s. C._ Navigation ('ompany. .
Catch or,Tiger Dogs (tor wild kop, bear and Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 29 E.R.,New York, every TUESDAY and FBI
tramps). .. Farmers' Wagons and Carts. DAY,at 3 p.m. Tuesdays'ships for Fernandlna and Fridays' ships for Jacksonville
: :
The and 'Accommodations this Line
.. Freight Passenger by ar unsurpassed. Every atten-
.Oljfe POULTRY YARDSare tion will be given business entrusted to.this Line. Direct all shipments from New York VIa
well-iitockedwlth freshly imported: male It you want a tlrs- iris Wagon or Cart CLYDE'S FLORIDA,LINE; Fie: 29, East rover '
birds which are mated with carefully selected I Cheap for Cash,call on For further information apply to. .'
hens of our own:nJ lnar. each variety being : R 0. 7.AH M, J.A.. STEAD,Agent F. M.lilu MONGER,JR.,G.F.P. A., J. A.LESLIE,Agent
allott.ed.J.Q separate enclosures a;ortyacreorange Fernandlca Fla. Jacksonville l la. 88 W. Bay SL..Jack onvllle,F1a. ''
grove., Kggs' carefully packed in baskets Berlack-b Jacksonville,Fla.01ilce THEO. O. EOERTraffcManaeer, WM. 1. CL.VDK: & CO., Men AgenU, .t
: H. store,East Bay Strest.Wagons : N. Y. 12 South Wharves
at following paces: : .- 3 Broadway. ,Philadelphia Pa.35 f Kroadway.-N..Y. ,
White Legborus (Knapp'ft), Pit Games "ami from.....#5.00 to$12.uO'and ( 1,
(Heatltwoo' *!*),' Plymouth Bocks Hawkins), :arts. Drays from '.. _."....$25.M( )to t2l(1t! L'.5'rA: JJLl .11ED 1s.
dame retains(Shouldings), Light Brahma .0
<< pectb1rtaenrLiattmrneandCuban RAIN GARDEN ; S.Et-- aL
Games P nY.er.IeKtde.J I .1 I lot.hi Kcuka, near P. O.::... ........{? 25I .. .. =
rand Crr:. fed Polish, W.F.Black Spanish!., tuft I Jot in Kcuka: on Lake.. .... 15 'I r=1-'1
iCocUlng.wnfte.l'ekln Gold?n Laced. Beabrlghts and rape" 40.Acres near Bostwlck...... 100 -AND
alas Ducks 31-50 thirteen.
Whit Crested Black, Polands per, Houdans, 10 Acres fruit land! at Keuka..........:.. 100 .. FERTILIZERS .
-,vWyandottes (Preston), Langshans!! (Crouds), 10 Acres in town of Keuka 300 > :
jBoneys Brown Leghorns S2.W per thirteen. 5 Acres Oranges:: Peaches and Pears 600) :WrLrLX: ; :.1\tI: A.. :J3C>UFI.S: '
Bronze and Seminole Turkeys, >J.OO .. .
1t11 De. per Small Grove and House (nice.... 700 (Successor to J..Eo. Hart) .- ,
'Booted Wbt e Cuban Carrier Pigeons. 0 _ED. IUJ\II.BY. K. keFia 20 ', 'e.t Bay Street Jacksonville, Fla. .

*-r>.r pair. .. handle cone but the Best and most Reliable Seeds. My new Catalogue will be sent tree on
application. Also, Wholesale Dealer in

Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Grits, "Meal, Bran,Wheat,



.. Awarded the First Premium at the South Florida i
& Co.'s Star Brand
I. E. Tygert Fertilizers
;. Wagons. Stacks, Etc. JBxpotltlou. Send for description and price to tfce
Patentee,THOMAS HIATT,Lecsbflra: .Fla.MUNSON'S Guaranteed Analysis.'
jUoHon.j.'Ducks -
t .

All 'Kl NDS. WI ths. MillS. '"- .c


22 to 26 MarKet street Chicago, 111. I

Prices on application.___ July 27 U

10aCllOfS P.. PlaJ8rs SiBorn[ & FEEDCRINDINC R. T. YOUNG, Justice- the Peace. 4 F. M. COOPER, Notary Public.

Should now select and purdhase! :Muste Books, 18,000 Acres
ifor their UPO anflpleasure; during the ensuing
Fail and*\Ytnter. Of the best quality. of heavy oak,hickory and cabbage hammock having miles.of river and
.. .{Oliver Dltson A Co. issue SHEET MUSIC The BEST on EARTH I bay fronts and best water protection in Florida. Especially
tiSUOh Immense quantities that it is perfectly 1 adapted to Florida fruits and vegetables ,
impossible! to advertise it. All new pubHca- FyliFlourh?! Mill OutfitsSend I g ::1.
i it
'lions are laltbfuUyandlnte1llgenU.described'In "' .... ., ,.Tog ,
their interesting and valuable. 'for Circulars. Address '" "0 'I e.a

MtoNTHIiY MUSICAL RECORD, I, i amao m:mh:! I YOUNG & COOPER, I g5 :
MUNSON BROS. w OooS c tt:; ..m
litljOO per year)which every oNe needs. Q ..= 2. c.g 00oaaaaoso
for the imprint of Oliver BUson C) > '-
Look Oat
.&' Co..on tUe music you purchase. They do Box 8& UTICA-ILY. 1 ; Real Estate Agents,. $ f aaQg o m
mot care to publish anything but the best ., aao f .w n'b sPpaQsvaom
.;nusle, .and their name' Is a guarantee of I Beautiful i ;;a"s pwamm Joe Palmetto, ITInitatee Co., Fla. == _i!

"jJend for Lists.Catalogues and Descriptions New Up l' .cQ *!f::!! I =e.
,of any Music or Music Book wanted. 'right Case Fi&oo,only, ,$165.Rosewood :u u p.<:; g,.
Town property improved and unimproved
New And Popular Books. New Organs only in all the towns on the Manatee River. Beautiful river and
i $60 Greatest Bargains .. *bay fronts Pure.salt water. Oysters. fish and clams. Lovely) building sites
Plantation and Jubilee Songs I 'Ever Offered. on mainland an it-lands. Yachtin nn nrpa Red .\>rr*>*rw>pl.nc. solicited. ,
Newest and Best lection. 30 cta. Established 28 years.
For Catalogues address I
Emanuel. Trowbrldge. $1.00,
Oratorio by
..tg.001ierdoz. New:: An American Oratorio. Gem Piano and Ornn Co. __ ENTERPRISE-MEAT CHOPPERS.

JellOVali'S Praise. Church Music Book. Washington.,'\$A. .
I --
'11,00,19.00 per doz. Emerson's newest and -- -- BEST IN THE WORLD. GUARANTEED TO CHOP, F


United Voices. For Common Schools, Through Trains with Dining I FOX CHOPPdO No 10 Chops 2 Ibs.per minute}
Cars, Pullman Palace S/u-co. Price
.50 ets. $'.80 per doz. Just out. Charming BurlingtonC.B.8QR.R I I Jug Cars, Modern Coachys. Sausage Meat MinceMeat HOWp. I"J. '.2 Ibs. minutePrice
:SChool. Song' Collection. Sure connections in Union Hamburg Steals If,1: per
: ;any Book Mailed For Retail Price. I Depots at its terminal pointst for Dyspeptics, Seef 4f Chops Ibs,.92.60.
I with trains from and to the lea for Invalids, fre. a) 22 perminute
-- Q,; Price 84.00.
East, West, North and South.
O H. DITSON&Co., S Route from. Chicago, Peoria "It Is the only Meat Chop Price, 88.00.
S67 Broadway, Ne w York. or St Louis to per vra ever saw that we
DENVER ST. PAUL would give house room. It Araerlcin igrlraltnrlst lays
iWILL BUT THE BEST has proven snch a Tory useful -, "
S A WMILS. SAN FRANCISCO, MINNEAPOLIS, 'We hare given this :Meat
machine that we want Chopper a trial with
: OMAHA, PORTLAND, ORE. our readers to enjoy its ben most satisfactory result
: KANSAS CITY ST. JOSEPH, ; Au.with UI." f Ji P l They excel anything of the .
CITY OF MEXICO ATCHtSON.. kind made In either hemlfptxre."

\of For connecting Tickets Rates lines,,or Maps address,Ac.,apply! Ticket Agents HARDWARE SOLD BY TRADE.THE NoTlO Family Size,"$ 5o. SEND ron CATALOGUE.

Write tot nioatrated DewaiptiTe Circular.RICHMOND I For handsome Illustrated Burlington Route Guide
MACHWE WORKS JU lliA. Goolc send'postage, to.the G. K&T. A.,Chicago.111. .

., ,
.iJ,,, "
;<.'''' .



." ,. .