The Florida dispatch
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055757/00090
 Material Information
Title: The Florida dispatch
Uniform Title: Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: The Florida Dispatch Line
Place of Publication: Live Oak Fla
Creation Date: September 12, 1887
Publication Date: -1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Live Oak (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Suwannee County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Suwannee -- Live Oak
Coordinates: 30.294444 x -82.985833 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1876.
Dates or Sequential Designation: -new ser. v. 9, no. 3 (Jan. 21, 1889).
General Note: D.H. Elliott, editor.
General Note: Published at: Live Oak, Fla., <June 20, 1877>-Feb. 11, 1880; and at: Jacksonville, Fla., Feb. 18, 1880-Jan. 21, 1889.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 5 (May 8, 1876).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038464
oclc - 01386590
notis - AKM6254
lccn - sn 95026759
System ID: UF00055757:00090
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1887)
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

Full Text
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Journal of Agriculture, Horticulture, Industry & ImmigrationOFFICIAL"ORGAN

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'BaCosta, & Manville, Proprietors.' Jacksonville, Fla., Meaclay,:\September:12,,,1887.;, New ,Series: :,"Vol. 7 jjjo* 37.
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/ ; E 1:'.flXCgS THE LO'\VEST. R.N.ELLIs,a E. :;f/.'#.E'-;..'MctJLVss, ;;

; BEAUTY .. '._ .'. 'l..Are.b1ttf.1' .. ., i
Stoves Crockery
... I := :: : / n ELLIS MCCLURE; .
\ ,: HofBESkin&Scalp China ,
;: '
: "' '
\ :\ ) Tin-ware ;JJf'
.. >,' .
: .. .., Architects and Civil Engineers
{ .
; ChandeliersI .
\ .. = '- -, ,
i '" r Granite Iron-ware....., .; ,, .. ;:"., _)!Io Lamps Plans,Specifications and Estimates for build
.P ,
p.-. d. ings of all kinds,Sanitary work,eta
: Oil Stoves .. 7 '". :P
__ -j', "'.. "' -"' : :';t.w" '-J." ; ;', ".::,#.,.". Burners, Chimneys, Rooms 7 and 8 Palmetto Block, Bay St.
; : "rl ';
h Pl, : ; ; : : ; ,e. q.. .,
: :
.","'; .., f.,' ._.I 'I; f:: Silver-ware:!: : .'": ::;,. /" ,:), Gas Fixtures, P.O. Box 785._Jacksonville, ,.
."',, : ', "" '
.-! '-"' ,> \.tJby c\Jp\I\ House FurntsJmigs i COMPANY, Freezers, HARDWARE

;i ". e d I e'rOTHING S. 'Table Cutlery, ;1l ', \ Refrigerators,' .

IS KNOWN TO SCIENCE AT v *.*. : .,/. *'. '::-.: ," Gate City Filters,

'L ,alL comparable to the CUTICUBA. REMEDIES Fire,Dogs; JACKSONVILLE, FLA- Dinner, Tea : "; GEO.: L M000NIHE
marvellous for .
in their properties andToilet ,
cleansing,punting and beautifying the skin Baskets and'Woodenwaref: ( I Sets. 'I
:and in curing torturing,disfiguring,itching, (New Building at Old Stand.)
scaly and pimply diseases of the skin, scalp ';5 Particular' ; Attention: Paid to Mail Orders. :.
and blood,with loss of hair. 40. & 42 West Bay St., Jacksonville, FU
CrmcuBA; ,the great Skin Cure, and CUTI- ,. ...
;CUBA SOAP,an exquisite Skin Beautifier,prepared ROCKWELL': & KINNE ; .
: from it,externally,and CUTICUEA.BE- .. .
;'iSOLVEST the new Blood, purifier,internally, .:/ ,C 'c.';..;<" }WCcessors'to'NfcholP, Rockwell} A Co.,Wholesale and RetailHardwareStives 'Hardware, Cutlery Stoves, and Tinware,
'are a positive cure for every form of disease, Housefurnlahlng Goods, Granite and
from pimples to scrofula.' CUTJCURA REMEDIES House Furnishing. Goods, Grates Mantels, Paints, Agate. Ware, Sash, Doors Blinds,
absolutely and the only infallible *
skin:beautifiers and blood purifiers. Oils, Saddlery, Guns, Ammunition_ Etc. Oils, Agricultural Implements,
Sold everywhere. Price, CUTICCBA 50c.; Parties town or out will do well to caller send for our catalogues and prices of any Iron and SteeIKope. ,Belting,
RESOLVENT; SOAP 25c Pw pared by the goods they may need in our J1n Prices lower than ever. Hose and Packing,Pumps,
Wend for How to Cure Skin Diseases.11TDS 38 West Bay Street. Jacksonville,Fla. ,.' Steam and Water Pipe
.. ,
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iI' .and Fittings, FourS
,, ,
: Soft as oye's down, and as white, te el Galvanized

SOAP., 'br"using CtrncuBA. MEDICATED, AGENCY : Fence Wire, .

: 1 .LAND ,.. ..;.:: Mantels " -
-- ,
sellourRubber Stamps, ;.i ;t. SS.S
.. . ., : ';. ,: Grater, **" :..--';-".
Free Catalogue to Agents "'. '
I PAYS '" .. .
v"oil : : -"- :: ..: M'
& "- ... : "" J"''' :: J' .
CHANDLER FISHER, i' J .1.," ". -" ,,' ..... ...... Etc.Acrent
Cleielnnd, Ohio. ;.JT-; ...' '.. CONTROLLING i .V,,', ...-. S

z JT 3:,,< tlfilfiM< j} 0' ] 0"; .O.;.....,:1\G. I,.*..e.. <_s't, S ,Orange.* tightnlngPowdcrFannerBTrlend; ...:

.. and Boas Plows, Dangler Oil Stoves,
0' of theRichestLands. << In the" .State. Perry & Co's Celebrated Stores : and
g' Ajj ;" Ranges, Southern (St. Lam)White

Lead, Masnry's Pure Color in Oil,
: ". -'' Ma.ul'7's Railroad &Uquld
Representing all;>the. ,
1 Paints, Fairbanks'
.... .t Disston Companies ". -:: '" ;, Standard Scales.,
55S tj "
: i 191'K.lSSlmmee Land .Company,": /,, Chattanooga ,Cl 's .

..... ..
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jj iJnn( .Locksmiths, and Stencil Cutters, :AND < LOOKOUT !HTOVJES. '

44 W. Forsyth St., Op.St.Johns Hotel. South. Florida R, Co7s Lands. PRICES SAME AS IN CHATTANOOGA.

JACKSONVILLE, .. .. FLORIDA 'r" M yTin Roofing,Sheet Iron,Copper and Ti*
Work to order.HUGHES'.
Qunsmithing done in all its branches. Consisting of beautiful Lake Fronts, High and.Low Hammocks,first-class Pine Land for _
range Groves,and rich reclaimed lands for garden purposes. '-', :
., IRON SAFE WORK .. .'_.'... .....- .....: ',: TONIC
.... ... ....'- .w.;.' .........'"'.'''"iIIoHV"T' -',
: ,7"1.
Special rates Stencil Cutting:,by mall : : 4" ,

i,THE LANE & BODLEY CO,., .- ', .C. > n.ge GpV' '. .,iir',*' <
.. ;:\' ':.rf!.w j' And Improved Truck,Farms : ". : ,.t',. .:.;? k'" ri" J "
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( ; will Cure the Most Obstinate
'. Cases
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op \, c.; ': \ Send for:Price; and Description List. FOR SALE BY DRUGGISTS. '
':P-;": :' ,'.,< '., .
MILLS( .+ : '' "

mh?all purposes. An experience of thirty yeaw ) \, WILLIAM CANNON, ; 'R.."A. ROBINSON & C0.
,, .
,permits ns to offer the best ; "
;',Uooa work, at low.prices. Send for circular. .iefer'to thislpaper... '.', KiMimmee, Orange CoantyiPIa.. '. ...., ',:,. .. '.... .. .
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754'=--::::: __. __ __ 41"_ ,,_'..... A'" THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.. .', .. Ai.e.. :-SEPTEMBER" 12,1887.._. ;

'1" } ; i;' M It. .* A'l: L" O R 'Y STEAMS HUF.. ] P ;, LINE' ... !' ?.'


>" CENTRE STREET WHARF, I s p t.;! ;. PIER 21, E. RIVER, .' :


; .

!' Lowest Rates of Freight Always G1ven.. ,:;
RATES Order all your freight from New York,Philadelphia and Bos-
ton-via Mallory B.S.Line from Pier Ko.'21 East River,NewYork

j ALWAYS THE LOWEST =J Direct connection at Feniandina with F.R.ft 2*.By./l-
; For Jacksonville and all Interior points in the State.

The magnificent tron Steamships of this Line w sail from .
FERN DIN A,FLA.,for N EW YORK,every Thurs lay even- This Pioneer Line offers to Floridians,the Traveling Public
Ing alter arrival of 4:30 train from J'"-ksonville, and evening and Shippers of Vegetables and Oranges the Quickest and
trains from Cedar Key,Ocalo,Leesburg,Tavares, Orlando and I Only Direct Line to New York. -
South Florida points. -* Through: Tickets and Information secured in advance at

RIO GRANDE....._..........._......-.-Thprsday,September 8 principal points in Florida. State-rooms reserved from Jack
8 "ATE OF TEXAS............_..__'1 hnrsday,September 15 sonville or Fernandina office.
RIO GRAND *....... ..............................-T 'ursday,September 22 49-Trains leave F.R.&N.Co's Main Depot, foot of Hogan
STATE OF TEXAS............._........_.i hursdayt September 29 street,Jacksonville,at 8.80 a m and 4.30 p m on sailing days
RIO GRANDE................................-.........Thursday, October 6 landing passengers on Steamship's wbatf, foot of Centre St.,
STATE OF TEXAS....._..._.................-Thursday,October 13 Every auentlnn pcwihle) is extorted 1\f\lUZPY12PT'R f'otn Fernandina.
RIO GRANDE.N.N.N..N.NN..N. ..-.Thursday,October 20 by this line. The table is supplied with the best the A-For Tickets and State-rooms and further information.,.
STATE OF TEXAS.Thursday. ,October 27 New York and blorida markets afford 'apply to

B. W. SOUTHWICK, Agent,Fernandlua,Fla. A. B. CRIPPEN, Gen'l Travllng Agent. J. M. CUTLER Pass.Agent,75 West Bay St.,Jacksonville,Fla.
C.H. MALLORY A(X).. General Agents,Pier 20)East River foot Fulton utreet.New York City.



k/A -The 7E'loricia pa1ioh: :Jl.n.e: : w

With the Magnificent Connections.

The Great Fast' Express. Freight System of' .the South.

Tha attention of shippers is directed to the Plant S.8. Line between Havana, Key: West and Tampa,and People's Line of Steamers between Sanford; Pa-
latka and Jacksonville South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford, S., F.A:W. Ry between Jacksonville, Gainesville River Junction and Savannah
,Savannah and Charleston, and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah,Philadelphia Boston and New York. The best equipped, fastest and most.
prompt lines between all points in Florida and all points North and Northwest. Receivers and Shippers will profit by the following unparalleled connection

Double daily But. freight service for all points West via Albany,Jesup and Savannah.Double dally fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany,Jesup and Savannah
to all points in Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville,Calla
Daily fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern, Interior nan and Live Oak. '*
and Coast points,including New York, Boston Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington and Trl-weeklyservlce by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company,sailing from*
Providence. New York(New Pier ,North River,) direct for Savannah Tuesdays,Thursdays and Satur
Tri-weekly connection for New York via the Ocean Steamship Company,leaving Bavan* days.
ftah Mondays,Wednesdays and Fridays. The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers leave Boston every Thursday-'
Twice a week for Baltimore via the:Merchants and Miners Transportation Company,leavfor Savannah direct,making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight trains:
but Savannah Tuesdays and Fridays. for all points in Florida. Only direct line frou. vew England to the South.
Weekly connection for Boston via the. Boston and Savannah Steamship Company, leaving From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., "g from Philadelphia every Saturday tox-
Savannah every Thursday. Savannah direct.
Weekly connection for Philadelphia via the Ocean Steamship Coraany,leaving Savannah: ,From ,Baltimore via Merchant and Miners Transportation Co.,two steamers per week
!very Saturday from Baltimore for Savannah direct making close connection with 8.,F.A W.Ry for all
Batllngdays for Steamships are subject to change without notice. P.QlntsSouth.
The Florida Dispatch Line is the quickest and best fast freight route from all points North,East and West to Florida. For full particulars, rates stencils and shipping receipts apply
\oan'y agents of the above line,or to WM. P. HARDEE, Gen'l Freight Agent,Pavannah, Ga.
G. D. OWENS, Traffic Manager,Savannah,Ga. W. M. DA DAVIDSON-Genl!Traffic Agent,Jacksonville,F1s.
H.M.,SCHUST,Trav-t.AEent.! GalneiYllle. J. E. DRATTOW.TraT.Agent, Live Oak. J..H.STEPHENS,Agent,Jacksonville




Ofien Choice Fruit and Vegetable Lands near transportation for investment or Cultivation. SPECIALLY ADAPTED TO SANDY SOILS !
Certain Market for Farm Produce Attractive Sites for Homes; Railroad and Daily Mails.
Also Town Lots at San Pablo and Atlantic City on the Installment Plan if desired. Address ,Supplying Not Only Plant Food but Organic Matter. '
JA&M.K>yifiER,President,over Bank of Jacksonville,or W.B. GKANTtSuPt., .



Ammonia............:.. ......_.. .4 per cent | Phosphoric Acid................... 2}per cent
Sulphate. Potash........... ....... 6 per cent '


FLA. Ammonia...................... S%per cent I Sulphate Potash................11 percent
JACKSONVILLE Phosphoric Acid............... 5 to 6 per cent I! Potash, actual................... 5$$per cent
Has for sale choice Lots Orange Groves and Wild Lands. Allows interest on deposits,Collects
Rents and Interest,Negotiates Loans,etc. g"The remainder consists of thoroughly pulverized humus."

J. Ci GREELEY, President. L. B. HOSMER Treasurer
16 Years Established.


WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANT I have used Our Favorite" Fertilizers upon Orange Trees,Roses and Garden Plants,
and I do not want anything better.
I tried your Fertilizers on Onions,Cauliflowers and other Vegetables. I consider it an
166 Reade Street, New lork. excellent and cheap Fertilizer,which will greatly improve the land, and is not simply a
Consignments solicited and Returns made promptly. Stencils and Market Reports far- stimulant.
xvisbed oa application. H. LEGLER Haskell Fla.
REJ'ERENcEs-Chatham National Bank,Thurber, New York City: ala
Banks and established Produce Merchants New York,Philadelphia,Baltimore and Bosto

Orange Tree:Manare..in. :: : sacks $24 001 t Vegetable Manure..........:...in sacks |17 CO
Braidentown Real Estate Agency. ", ....:?......in bbls. 2500J I. '* ...............inbbls;> .ISO<>
: ,

Attorney at Law, Real Estate Agent and Justice of the Peace,

Braldentewa, Manatee Co., Fla. CEO. HUTCHINSON
Will buy and sell all kinds of Real Estate on commission. Eighteen years'residence in ,
Manatee County. Personal knowledge of most of the lands throughout the county. As a I Crescent Florida
practicing Attorney and as County'Judge for a number of' have had occasion to ,
become familiar with many titles and the County Records. wing: been continuously engaged -
,all these yea.rs.ln the actual cultivation of the principal fruit and vegetable products BUILDING\ MATERIAL ',
of this semitropical section gives me advantages in the selection of the various qualities 01 .,
lands suitable. Maps and Abstracts furnished, Titles examined and Deeds executed. Infoizoation -

II furnished. Correspondence solicited.. THE LARGEST STOCK IN FLORIDA. -V .
Nor*.-Braidentown is situated on the south bank of the beautiful Manatee River,aboutthIrty.l1ve : _
miles south 01 Tampa. Has dally service by the elegant steamer Margaret. Adjacent FRONT PRESSED BRICK..810.00. ,pe?>lpp0
are the lovely Terra Cela, Sarasota and Palma Sola Bays,teeming with all kinds of GOOD FLORIDA .....,. ........... ...... ....... $$ijj/
fifth clams and and here on the Gulf coast are tile most beautiful building sites IB
oysters; Brl kFi: ; :Fire
the world with thousands of acres of hammock and pine lands,where tropical fruits and Lime,_PlasteLath,Cement,Hair,Fire,Fire Slabs Mortar Pf;
choice vegetables may be grown to perfection. !' TYSEN, SMITH & CO.. 12 We #;B.J'18t.
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:, ,*' JACKSONVILLE. FLA., SEPTEMBER.. 12, 1B87. .-- .._


Ocli ", 'sent'to Iowa and Illinois show" them I tained -in its columns, more so now I budded thirty small ,shoots in my

Jff! e ]] .iTd: w to have endured from twenty thirty than heretofore for the past few years, I peach orchard and can show t twenty-

: ==;C:==='===: : ::::::: ::' := : : '== ,, :,): = ; degrees below zero without injury, and occasionally borrowed our neighbor's, seven fine, thrifty growing trees. Now,
'f; The Marianna Plum; 't: t hence I conclude it is equally hardy when a .f w months ago Mr. W. C. as the result shows I prefer budr1in .

"This fruit, of which we give a fineengraving ,with the*Wild ,Goose plum. Steele pulled up to our door just at I had growing in our door-yard a wild

this week, ja attracting t After carefully, noting its bloom, noon under a huge umbrella, canvassing Hog plum loaded with fruit about the
growth, leaf and fruit, I am led to the for the DISPATCH-self and steedof latter part of this last July ; just as
much attention throughout the Gulf I
,j belief that it is an offspring of the course thirsty and hungry ; a :few the plums were ripe I cut the entire
Coast.region and promises to rival the Decaradeuc plum, ,crossed with the words and,the horse was at his fodder large limbs off and put in ten Kelsey

Wild Goose in popularity. Where- Wild Goose, or else the Wild Goose. and-the 'gentleman at the table. Din- plum buds ; took the b.udsoff: one of

ever tried in this State, so far as we crossed with pollen of Decaradeuc. ner over and a pleasant cbatandsoon the trees I planted in January last,

are; advised, it has grown finely. We The last named is a supposed hybrid the team 'was on its bu Incas mission which I had got from Berckmans.
of f Chickasaw with the European,or again. Sin'cethen the DISPATCH has The buds were small, as they usuallyare.
So n6t think it has been fruited in
yet Prunus''domestica, of which species it been booked, as I see on the title] page, I took good care and made a

Florida. T.I| V. Munson, the well shows characteristics. I have 'grown to my son, H. S. R., Eustis, October ,grand success. Yet with all my care

know Pomologist, of Denison, Texas, !j I some seedlings from the Marianna., 18, 1887. !When" that time arrives it I chanced to put one bud in, reverse,
gives the following account of the Some of these closely resemble the shall be continued. and to the surprise of all, every bud

3 Marianna in took well, and I can now show shoots
Plum Popular Garden-,
it? ' -*< i 7 : s nearly two feet high, and will soon
tiny : ._ "f""' : L::. ., ; have a fine top. I would say this:
In 1884, Mr. Chas. N. Eley, of while I have budded with wood out and

Chambers county, Texas, ,. the introducer wood in the bud,' I greatly prefer the

of this variety,sent me fruit and J latter, the union is just as good.
trees of it for my opinion, and requested JOHN S. ROHRER.

that I.try it .if I thought well of it. .Forest. "': r ,Place.. ,; ,-, Eustis,'Fla.,Aug" ?2l, 1887.
The trees had been grown from cut- \
.... tings,,were finely rooted, smooth and --- .'" Ximenia Americana.
-thrifty., The fruit uniform
very was ,
v -1 have enclosed and forwarded to
about the'size of a well grown Wild
'you by mail this morning, a new vari-
Goose Blum but rounder rich crimson ,
'> of fruit that I have discovered
firm the basketful y fish ...
;' sent by express d l.
growing the rich hammock lands
"350 miles being, in excellent
; ,
around Panasoffkee Lake. I send
condition,the'meat more solid} inclined : jfb youa
sample of the fruit and
some twigs
to be more free from the pit and of '
for I will be
better,quality,with!stone smaller. A your inspection. pleasedto
have your private opinion as to its
branch about eleven inches long had
dr t species, etc. It is a tropical or semi-
still to it '
hanging plumsof
some twenty ,
{ tropical fruit killed the
being by severe -
fine:size,and ripe, showing the fruit l
cold of two winters ago. I
,be.more than Wild Goose.
: persistent .
of the opinion that if cultivated would
:There were no insect. marks .or other jtt .
be fruit.
defects on the fruit. Mr. Eley stated a delightful
that the fruit ripened! : considerably Ocala, Fla., Sept.3, 1887.
-earlier,than the'WidGoose.! 1 : The fruit and twigs received. It is
!*.*Thetrees. were sent at the proper h.
f-I Ximenia Americana, and .is.described
planting season, and i\yere planted in rr
places in an orchard 1 where other g by Baron Von Mueller as a native of

,Chickasaw Plums ,had been dug out, a "Tropical Asia, Africa and America,

:hard place to start young trees. Yet passiug the tropics, however, in
these, well and have borne some .
grew S" and also
gaining an indigenous -
fruit of about the same character as.that
in Florida. This bush
,received from Mr. Eley. position

I have propagated this plum, by c may, therefore, accommodate itself to

budding on peach to some extent, and e cooler climes in localities free from

find that it takes as a bud better on frost. The fruits are edible, resembling -
this than other I: tried '
any plum) ever yellow plums in
of class.
including many nearly
But I have mainly grown every trees from their taste is agreeable. The wood is

cuttings, and with excellent)] success, scented. In Mexico it is called

where the LeConte Pear would not .., 'Alvarillo del cameo: It is recommended -

grow from cutting at all with repeated ,.. ... for hedges." The fruit re-
trials.., The tree thus became :, :'
: grown ,
THE MARIANNA PLUM. ceived was about three quarters by an
four to six feet tall in,one season Here, sa
rooted and branched. Now I have but lit- inch in diameter with a large pit or
beautifully pure Chickasaw, others more like Dec- as to budding, I
The tree has the faculty of growing I.i aradeuc; andsome like parent, or still tle to say ; 'as to the orange or citrus nut. The edible portion was small in

all the season through, so that it can more like Wild Goose. They have family, it is easy to do for from three to proportion to the size, but cultivation

.be budded equally as well and during. not borne yet. four months.Japan persimmons 1 prefer might change this. It grows as far

,,as long.a season as the peach. I have:! The'various remarkable qualities of budding. One'year ago this month I north 291 degrees is killed down
trees four years old which have re- the Marianna enumerated seem to me I budded nearly one hundred wild
peatedly had the roots cut in plowing to render this the coming stock for stalks and had seventy-five to grow, nearly every winter but sprouts from

around, and never ,yet have I any- peach and plum, to say nothing of the some large trees. I find ]large trees as the'roots and bears fruit.-ED. Dia.

where: seen a, sprout come from a root, great probability of its succeeding the easily budded as small ones, if properly .. .
while the Chickasaw varieties sprout Wild Goose as a direct producer, done. In the early spring of Florida fruit growers are rather fertile -

jS, badly from the root that an orchard wherever that variety ,has been suc- 1887 I grafted about twenty-five trees in novel expedients for disposingof

.of them on their own roots soon be- cessful. very carefully and had only five graftsto their products. If they would devote -
comes a thicket. s4 I grow. This present year in April
The, terribly severe drouth through For the FLORID DISPATCH. t and May I budded about fifty; very their fertility to devising the best

which we passed last season never Budding and Grafting. i few grew, too much sap, buds flooded.In methods of raising ne plus ultra fruit,

seemed to have any effect on the Ma- I have taken a great interest,in the .!{ August, the present month, I bud it would redound to their -advantage

.rianna cuttings, which made as fine DISPATCH of late, as there. is- a great 'I'ded over-one hundred, and nearly_all j quite as much or even more. New

trees,. as..iusual. ,Reports'fromtrees.: R, ainpunt-oF,valuable information con-" I ,took well. ...In''on&particularinstance: ; York.Market Journal.

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75G .:: .,, ', .':.'.::' THE FLORIDA J)1SATClt [SEPTEMBEK 12, 1887.:..

.' ., ,' ... 98liopical '. ..," il +.. 'fV ": P' .' ,
1.v. J t.f' v *
: *
:!' are not inferior in taste to those veg rich leafy crowns,' form spectacle For the' FLORIDA.: ... DISPATCH.
Plants,5'' ;
.- El Bobo Banana.I ,
etables. The leaves are greedily de- never to be forgotten.The .

voured by cattle. Dwarf varieties are remarkable am free to confess to an unqualified -
UIJ bfc' A w* : :=: : ::: :: : :: : :: :;;:: ::; :.
For. .the FLORIDA DIIP ATCJL The Moso-dake :or. Moso take is the for. their beauty of stem or foliage.As unbounded respect and affectionfor

The Bamboo in Japan.I variety which grows largest in girth.I if to make up for their smallnessof your matchless contributor,E. H. .

have brqught with me a stem which stature, the Creator has furnished
have just returned from an extended Hart. I have been his friend and
measures at the base twenty-one and a them with square or curiously twisted -- ,.-'t **$ t f .

tour through Japan and part quarter inches in circumference, and, stems-black stems, finely variegated admirer from way back. Infact,I

,of China, and I mail; you a photo- when cut down, was forty-two feet in stems-or lovely variegated foliage.H claim the honor and credit of having

graph of a giant bamboo grove. Thereis length.The. H. BEBGER. been the instrument (under Provi-.

not the least doubt that bamboo bamboo quires a deep, loose, San Francisco,August. .,1887.' dence) by which Florida gained. > so

mellow, soil old forest mold is : "
\- '
would succeed in Florida, the climateof very For tho FLORIDA DISPATCH. valuable, a citizen.
much 1)6 recommended. The
Japan and Florida being"very sim to plant The Alligator Pear. :His sign manual to any contributionin
its full size within
does not
; acquire ayear
ilar. I enclose you an article written two after most Of this much prized "tropical fruit," any paper and upon any subject, is

by ine for a Pacific Coast paper about or planting-like enough insure it in this family immediate -
desirable thins, it is a matter of de- there are many varieties differingboth
the bamboo: and interested perusal, to
: velopment. Thus the root of the in shape and color. The most
Editors Press-Having just returned which naturally follows hearty ap
thickest Giant bamboo the
from Japan, where I traversedthe planted worthy of notice are the three following: proval. His recent"first-rate notice"of

length 'and breadth of-Nippon, or first year will\ produce a shoot only 1. The Purple Pear, which when our friend, the editor of the1 DISPATCH -

Japan proper! from Yokohama, to Nagasaki i about one inch in diameter. ripe, has a dark purple skin, with is but one of. many proofs of
The second the shoots will
visiting all places :where any I year come meat of clear yellow hue. his uncommon good taste and judg-
forth somewhat stouter, and so on un- 2. The Yellow Pear. The skin of
fruit trees are raised,and making'close ment. And yet-and yet-with all,
til in six to eight have attained
and careful observations, I am no'W in years they this variety is of a bright green, chang- this and many times as much more.

a.position to give you a' full and accurate their full aize, from which they ing gradually a dull yellow as it that one could say in the same direction -
will not materially afterward.The .
" account of the different varietiesof vary comes to JIl turity. Meat, very simi- I will not submit, "as long as :I

fruit and other trees'growing there, full height wit\l be attained the sec- lar to that of the purple pear. have the spirit of a man," to being .

as well as to correct some erroneous ond or third year: 3. The Green Pear has a dark green called a "Bobo even by him, without:'
The bamboo forests thinned out
statements'which have lately appearedin are skin which changes very little, if any, emphatic protest I don't know whata

print. Allow me to say that in all every year, and new shoots allowed to in color> when ripe ; meat more, of a Bobo is, but by the way ,houses the
In whether '
Japan there does not exist anything come up freely. planting, I green in color."f' word it is evidently the reverse of
pot-grown plants pr roots are used, The size of the 'fruit is
like the large nurseries which we are average complimentary. And all because I

accustomed to see in the United States. the main point is.. to keep the young about three by five inches. diameter, eat and enjoy the "Horse" banana;"*It

This may be owing to the general poverty plantation from drying out, until once varying in shape from pear-shaped to is a prevailing fact of this day rand '
well established {which
of the lower classes, or their lack may depend on round and jug-necked. These shapesare generation to sneer at this old standbyas
the ofthe, soil in which
of energy-the fact is, that the raising properties theyare not confined to any of the above something altogether too plebeianfor

and propagation' of fruit trees, like all planted.Once named varieties,. and are found in all, the educated palate-to turn up
the bamboo has taken
their other industries, is carried on on proper though never on the same tree. the nose and say "old horse." Of
hold of the which under favorable
a small scale, the largest pieces of ground- The meat which is contained be- .course it is only a parrot-like repetitionof
circumstances takes frjm
ground owned by one man not com one tween the skin and core varies, in what some one else has said,\withno
to.two -it sends its roots deep
than of years so thickness at the middle from a half back of it
prising more a couple acres, knowledge no acquaintance -
the' earth that it does not .
in require .
inch and is much .
and that but rarely.I to three-quarters, 'with the fruit. '

.will endeavor to give you, in a anymore moisture than our fruit trees. thicker at the ends and in the jug- But with Mr. Hart it is altogether

aeries! of articles, the main points of In the Southern States, where summer necked is quite solid in the neck. Its another sort of affair. He is no.par
rains prevail it might not need
interest regarding Japanese horticulture quality is much esteemed ,wherever rot; his facts are not guessed 'at. He
any artificial irrigation ; the main knownand it is often described
and agriculturejbeginning with as a"veg- don't say so because some one else saidso.
point is simply never to allow a bamboo "
.' THE BAMBOO, etable marrow. It is generally eaten His ipse dixit is that of a man who
plant to quite dry until it hasa
get with of salt and black
a dressing makes his mind and it is
pepperas own
up ; very
which is of the cultivated -
one most highly well-established root'system.
a relish for bread and other food, "old horse'ba
products of Japanese soil. .See In Japan the time, for shootsto uncomplimentary to -
young and when in season (which is from Juneto nanas and to those who eat them and
ing that it enters into the structure of come forth is from April to June.
November forms articleof
), a staple
like them. he is
the houses live in of almost all Perhaps right-per-
they Once the bamboo shoot has made up
diet rich and muchto I Bobo whatever is but
among poor it
haps am a ,
articles of domestic and of
use, a great its mind to come forth, nothing will the detriment of the butter trade.
it has generally happened to me to
many of their ornamental fabrics, and keep it back. In connection with this,
The seeds small sub-
are jelly-like find the aide of
myself on unpopular
that it serves to a great extent as food. let me ,relate an amusing incident. in
enclosed hard of
stances, a core the
for man and beast,it is no wonder that We were traveling in tho southern most questions (perhaps wrong
bean-like formation, which in its turn side), and if I have got to take the
great care is given to the culture of part of Japan. Mr. Kobe, a friendat
has two skin-like coverings apparently
bamboo.Of name, I will at least give him justify
whose residence we were stopping,
as a further provision of nature for ing occasion for it. I desire, therefore -
this useful t plant,two main classesare took me to his bamboo grove at 10 the of the
more complete protection
to be distinguished-((1.) The Giant o'clock in the morning, and showingme tender seefls, as on the removal of this I deliberate, to place, well considered upon record''as'my,

bamboo, so called on account of its a strong shoot, which was judgment
skin or covering after a few days ex- that the "old horse" banana is the best
height. (2.) The smaller or Dwarf about one and a half feet above the
air the ,
posure to sun or core splits banana in Florida-the* best
varieties. "Ta ke" or "Da-ke" designate ground asked me to mark it carefully grown
) and the seeds dry up; with this flavored the and in
open juiciest, no respect
Giant growths; "Chiku, the 'with a private mark. With a knife. the seed be
covering can keptin the inferior of any other variety,'ex-
Dwarf species. I cut initials on it. At 4 o'clock
my: p.
condition for
: good germinating in I
I have said it enters into construction m. we ;Baited the same spot, and the months. The fact of one 'of these coverings cept have, varieties perhaps,that produce productiveness.much more

of their houses. The common shoot had to a height of nearlysix
grown : denotes
adhering to meat, that fruit and the take less
plants room
aston up ,
Japanese house is built of uprights feet. You can imagine
my has been in imma-
the fruit
plucked an but I raise them sell
merely to keep
filled in with split bamboo, which ishment. I was told that in China
ture state. core being only slightly the "old horse" for
again is plastered over with damp clay, criminals used to be put to death by attached at the stem end to the meat, ing Hart's Choice" is my own second eat-

which, as soon as it has dried, forms tying them to the ground i in a, place should the fruit ing. my
dropout readily
upon choice and it interest Mr. Hartto
the walls of, the house. For this pur- where,a bamboo shoot, started to grow, the clean. may
being cut open, leaving meat[ know that I this
place next to my
the smaller of bamboo is thus the wretch.
variety impaling
pose poor To this fruit the ,
propagate core prime favorite because it has enoughof
often used. The uses both of the Giant bamboo
should be in its natural
planted state, the and flavor
acidity (not juici-
The pipes leading rain water along and of the smaller varieties, which
when it will sendin .
readily|sprout, of the other redeem it
gup ness) to from
the roof and off into the ground,are rise all the way from four to ten feet, from dozen After
one to a plants. the almost
sickening insipidity 'of
made of Giant bamboo several inchesin are innumerable. It would assuredly,
this these should
I core decays, plants be other varieties. "If that be
diameter. Their gai dens and housesare be of the greatest,service to introducethis and where C ,
carefully separated set out make the most of it" 1-
replete with bamboo articles, trellises plant largely in America. Withit
wanted The is
growth very rapid, Want of rain has dried Cat-
fences, water-pipes hen-coope, as with all plants not as yet famil- and under favorable circumstancesthe up my
ley and is ripening the*'West
the inevitable horticulturists series of guavas
dippers, receptacle for iar to our a bear in the
tree commences to India half size.
at Orange leaves
tobacco ashes, children's toys, screens intelligibly conducted experimentswould ,
fourth or fifth The foliage is ofa
year. curled about
for ornament, curtains to windows, be advisable. In Japan, bamboo medium and as tight as a cigar and
green very glossy, about same size. Oranges are likely to
shelves-everywhere is the bamboo. is grown in regular forests. The
making a very,.pretty tree. crack when rain
The tender shoots, boiled and pre- fight, of one of these i is magnificent.The '.. LENNOX, FOBSYTH.; '. ; badly does come. < *

pared like.l .asparagus artichokes, ,high, slender\ stems, with their, Leke Melton, ,Lake Couuty,Aug.;13,1887.' _*J.,a' '?: >JDytona- : ,Volupla C07, J.Fla.*D.,-'Ao MITCHELL.*.25,;J887. ,.j* .

I .o .
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.-........ '" .. 'Hi.""? ,-.,'" _' ; 'J'o..' r.'_ \ L", ,'. 'of ..'" ,' ,a'" ss3.';"_::... ." _,.:..." """ """" ,". ...,Stef* ..... J>IP. ..It., ". ..Y.4 ......" '- .,: '

.SE. )gbt r.P i i 12,187.1. : --- 3HE, FLORIDA ,:DISPATCH.; ; : 757 -

For the FLoRIDA. DISPATCH. for its early and profuse bearing f capacity 'j Fertilizers and the pruning shears. My
The I10ve. The Rust Mite. > the branches being l literally experience is that when a.limb is once

Mr. Stivender asks if any one has covered: with fruit. The fruit itself is badly affected by the scale insect it is

,For,the tl'Fi/miPA;DISPATCH.MANDARIN. :succeeded in stopping the rust mite, ollong> of a bright golden yellow, like af[ no value, even if the scale is destroyed -

THE; ORANGE., the means used; etc.An fJ i medium-sized egg plum; the rind is and it is better to cut the diseased -
infallible remedy if properlyused almost as thin as a cherry's, sweet and [ limbs off* at once than to spend

Is it Shy or 'Prolific---A -Differenceof is, Sulphur and Soap, as recommended j uicy; can be eaten with the fruit, the time and money in .trying to kill.the

Experience it Occa- by Prof.: Hubbard in his I pulp of which is juicy, sub-acid andrery J insects and save the tree, which will l

sioned. by Different treatise on Insect of the Orange. I refreshing; it recommends itself 'be practically worthless after all. I

: Soils? would advise all growers to procure it, mostly for crystallizing and preserving :have treated several trees in that way,

In Mr..;jPhelps ,article on the or- read and profit by it. : but is also eaten fresh from the :that immediately started out a new
Take ten pounds whale oil soap to ;ree. Cut into halves it is used in Ja- and rampant growth, that in a short
in the DISPATCH of 22
ange, August a kerosene barrel of water, add five pan during summer as an ingredient time was greater than the original,
where he is speaking'of the relative] pounds flower of sulphur, and be careful for all cooling drinks, to which it im, while trees on which the scale had

merits of the Tangierine and Mandarin to stir thoroughly each time a parts a delicious flavor. As a plantfor been destroyed remained sickly.and

we read : bucketful is taken from the barrel, pot culture in an eastern climateit stunted for a long time after, the old ,

"The Mandarin is my preference in apply with force pump. All mites cannot be too highly recommended, limbs not growing at all, in fact,but

taste, and If you will ship them early, will be destroyed, but the eggs will not being as tender as the other or- finally dying out entirely as new shoots
taking into consideration: the greater not. The soap causes the sulphur to :!anges. No garden, no home shouldbe would start to grow. I have cut back

number they,will bear the result in adhere to the fruit and foliage for without it; no one who has ever full grown,bearing trees for that cause,
. money will be best." weeks arid even months; as the eggs tried it would ever want to lose it. with very little loss of time, and un-

Again, in the Htivender's article in hatch: the young mites come in contact In California this tree would be in- hesitatingly pronounce pruning to be

the DISPATCH of .the 29th, we read: : with. the sulphur and are destroyed. valuable; if planted in open groundthe the only practical method of treating
uTh .;Mandarin: is a shy bearer flu my Now: as to the time to applyit. fruit attains a much large size orange trees affected with the scale insect. -.

place, the Tangierine will! more than If we wait till the rust than confined in pot*. .-Federal Point correspondent
shows on the fruit nothing will H. H. BERGER. pfJlatka News. .
double with another.
.one year ..
.. .. .
it but by close observationon Ban Francisco,August 71887. .
Wben,_the doctors disagree who is to remedy ..+ .. For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. i
the first of the mites
,decide? It must have been some such appearance
For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. Muriate or Sulphate of Potash.
fruit attacked will show
the a mealyor
this that made the editor *
feeling ;aa Bad Effects; From Using Stable >*
ask for the experience of others on this dusty appearance. On examiningwith Manure. Last October I made a compost'of

point. Though not a member of that an ordinary glass there will be, fifty cart-loads muck, 1,500 pounds
honorable body, "The Old Guard," found hundreds of mites, busily at Standard works on orange culture bone meal and 1,200 pounds muriateof
I work. Now is the'time strike and and horticultural papers without a which after three
1 I have ,had some experience with, the potash, thorough
'.., Mandarin to which the editor and i do it quick. If thoroughly done thereis dissenting word according to my observation mixings at intervals of ten days, I ap-

readers of the DISPATCH are welcome. little likelihood of a second application speak of stable manure as plied to 300 of my largest bearingtrees.
the fertilizer about which there .
needed.I one Last of 800
out nearly
In January of 1881, I set about being year,
could be no question as to its being
have with this boxes of one-half
experimented -oranges, nearly were
twenty five, trees of this variety. Three-
,years from that; time they commencedto remedy two years, and this year ap. among the best, if not superior to any Kussetta. This year my fruit is.al-
it the entire and other for orange trees. A recent. trip all Had the nothing
bear, and the following season plied to grove, can most bright. potash -
box the This not find, an orange that has rusted through counties adjoining this, gave to do with this good result, or
averaged a to tree. they
since applying it,- though there were opportunity to examine trees in several must I attribute the absence of rust
until the
kept up present season, when
little quite a number rusted before I could 'places in close proximity to stable solely] to local causes or cultivation?

they probably are not carrying over five very boxes in fruit all., get to them, but as soon as syringed it lots, that were dropping their fruit ina My faith in muriate of potash.wastried :
short to 1 half matured condition., The out when I read from the able
The first of the stopped never go again pen
two crops were finest
and handsome hope, for this season at least. As there side twigs and foliage shared in the of Lyman Phelps (August 22, page
quality\ bright ; while
last in has been no return of the mites insufficient same blight.} The owners say such is 696)),"I would not use muriate of pot-
:year's crop was greatly inferior !
always the result of a liberal"applica- "
numbers to be of any conse- ash for any fruit crop.
above the in
quality thpugh I this average quence, and as the sulphur still ad. tion of manure from horses, and that "Moore" advised the formula I used
.quantity. supposed was to
the effect of the freeze heres to the fruit and foliage in con- the trees never bear perfect fruit until (tho' I did not adhere strictly to his
enfeebling but
am now satisfied starvation had ,more siderable quantities, am encouragedto isolated from the stable lots<: by deep quantities), and if I recollect aright,

to do with it. I had fed the trees *think we' will have no further ditches. And that a small amount of suggested muriate in preference. to
trouble this The such manure applied to trees under I of
season. applicationwas sulphate potash.
and taken off
or nothing heavy '
made in May and June. the bearing age will not show such Can such diverse teaching be:,reconciled -
for three
crops years, and now they bad effects. The foregoing being; true,
have struck. I shall All our neighbor's fruit is badly ? C. P P.:
certainly raise rusted, so far aa I have seen or heard. what are we to think of some of the Gabriella, Orange Co., Fla.,Aug.29, 1887.
the feed this .
season. '
E. McBETH. teachings we have had heretofore as to -- -
Jdr. helps says, still speaking of how too manage orange trees? Manure For the FLORIDA DISPATCH.
Brown's Groves.
,this variety: '1 he habit of full crops Superintendent from cattle in the localities above The Tardiff Orange.

depends, on how much you give back, Palatka, Fla.,Sep..st.,1887. '' mentioned had a most beneficial effect, i Regarding the productiveness of the

as well as,the .quality of what you put For the 'FLORIDA DISPATCH.Japanese* apparently not to be surpassed by any Tardiff orange. All that I can say
back. It will repay you no to do it Oranges. other fertilizer. for it is that I have not been able to

grudgingly] ;" and,I believe he is right. W. E. DRISCOLL., see any difference in the trees or fruit
Doubtless Mr. Stivender could givea The Japanese orange, the common Manatee, Fla., August 29, 1887. of that variety, and our ordinary
better account of his Tangierine, but varieties, are not very'much to be recommended We should say that the bad effectsof Florida sweet orange. My stock came

it Must be remembered that my trees ; they never will rival the using the,stable] manure spokenof from Messrs. [Mr. Hatch here mentions
are not larger than good sized! currant Florida or Riverside oranges; thereare two of our best known nursery-
above, was on .account of the manure -
few sorts such the ;
a superior as
bushes, Avery orange picked from the men-ED. DISPATCH. And if I have
ground without. reaching up. They Canton Hybrid, Yudzu and Kumcumto being too fresh, not decomposed ever had the genuine, I do not con-

were BO Ipaded, that, ,they ,were bent but even they do not equal the orange enough.-ED. Dis. sider it distinct neither have I been
down to,not;.more than, half their actual grown in the United States. The .. fortunate enough ever to have seen its
ejght.l Certainly no one who Southern States is the home most fitted Scale Insect. distinctive qualities. A. L. HATCH.

paw Jbese trees would call them aab for Japanese and Chinese plants,owingto There has been some complaint of City Point, Fla.,Aug.24,1887.
y ,bearer. They are decidedly the greater moisture in the air, : the scale ineect, which is but a natural ...

dwarfed and.might planted as,closeas which we lack here on the Pacific consequence after the cold snap of two Mixed or Exclusive.

twelve ,feetjtiiat, is when they are coaSt. winters ago. Some of our young growers A prominent California orange
budded, though .I have seen seedling The Kin Kan orange, or Citrus ja- those who were new comers to the grower writes that the "Navel trees are

Mandl tines twelve) feet}high an 1large ponica, is a variety of the orange, the State, congratulated themselves that planted promiscuously among other

in_ pcopgrtion.y: trees are, on yood great merits of which are as yet comparatively the cold of that winter had destroyed varieties,. of the orange in nearly all

pine J laud. It.80,fopRns: ,that I, haven unknown. The tree formsa all troublesome insects. It did kill the groves in Riverside; of course
medium-sized pyramid from fifteento all the insect enemies to the scale butas there that
ver.seen.a prqlific Mandarin\ tree on are some groves are plantedto
hammock J land, though} Tangierine: twenty feet high, but can be trained I in former disasters of that kind left Navels exclusively. I cannot see

near by .ould) b \\full. This may account .; into any shape desired. It is most to : depredators that we desired to see any difference in their fruitfulness
:for (he Difference in the experience -, recommended for i its superior hardiness frozen to death with a clear field] for, there planted by themselves or inter-

of Mr.; .,Phelps,and, Mr. 'StiveuMontelalrjFla. | -, as, if once well established, a .active ,operations, which they ,have no mixed with other varieties but -I'do
f.er. \ .' .G..H"I'V RING. temperature of 20 to ,15 above 'zero doubt improved in certain locations., believe it improves the/ruit to have
.,AUg"30 Fahrenheit i will not injure it as also The ,reliable remedy.is: plenty f the varieties jnixed in "
; 1&87. only o
;', '...(' '(. -":t, '" ..." ...' ',- .. ." i.j ,, ,r,j':,i I ,* 1'...1 'J.t':' "('.. i .,"" ''d 1 1 .';f' '" groves. .
;; .. "
..: ':' "f ;



:. ,r! ,', C' .' <'I: .'.3 s...,._ac Jo'k_ .. t' "iIi":;... [.1-. .... .: J_ .. ., .,.a.nw.A.

, ,' ,


k '. ,,' ,

758;;' ,' '. .'" '7"-'-.--- ,,:: ..' W-. =THE FLORIDA DISPATCH. .,,". [SEPTEMBER 12, 188'1.

fruit,growing community, forming the what is now known as the "California ter; to sell oranges to obtain good prices
JWt\ strongest possible agency. Havingthe Fruit Union," with A. T., Hatch as than; to sell other goods? The world
., .. support and confidence of the president, L. W. Buck, vice-president has been trying both the auction and
For r',the" FLORIDA DISPATCH. growers, because born of them, and and general manager, H.A. Fairbank private sale at places of business many
t:11dR. MOREMEN'S POSITION. assuring the buyers at once of protec- secretary, and R. D. :Blower Eastern hundred years, and the verdict is the
tion against consignments which is 111 an ager. Mr. Blower came East, best prices can be obtained at privatesale
He Suggests the Union of the Sev- absolutely necessary -to do. Dealers and after investigating the different where the purchaser can have
eral Marketing Agencies. would prefer to buy in methods of selling fruit decided to time; to examine the goods and make
: When I made exit through the Jacksonville or at the groves than to have all the fruit shipped to Boston, the best bargains and terms he can
h have consignments, but so long as a New York and Philadelphia at with the seller.
>columns of your esteemed journal, I large portion of the crop is consigned, auction, believing that in this way the The world practices this way, except -
:aid not think to reappear there so no one can afford to come here and fruit would be more generally distrib- in some cases; for instance, when
'soon. ''as this. But as you think certain buy. To my mind here is a great opportunity uted and more quickly consumed than goods are damaged, and some priceis
questions should be answered by for us growers to unite and by the slow process of disposing of it better than no sale; when goods
,:mo within thirty days, I decided to bring about this much desired result, a carload at a 'time. The wisdom of must be sold in a short time without
."make answer at once. a home market resulting from an al- this; decision is seen ,in the fact that regard to price, a forced sale, and under -
My views of the home market ques. most unanimous action of the growers. from three to five carloads of fruit legal sales.
"ion are before the public. But to reply The management would not be over- can be disposed of in thirty minutes. The experience of business men is
to you I will 'say, to make any stocked with fruit, for the growers These fruits, coming as they do from that auctions have a tendency to reduce -
effort successful, the medium must bea would hold back their fruit until the 20th of June, to the 10th of Au- prices, particularly if the articles
company of men whose very names wanted. Especially can this be done gust, in advance of all other fruits, auctioned are in plentiful l supply and
command the confidence of the grow- this season, since the crop is not large.In such as cherries, apricots, peaches, offered for sale at many places.
ers. Said company must have suffi- the meantime, such a company plums; and pears, receive a welcome If the auction room can reduce
cient capital to sustain this confidenceby could make extensive and satisfactory from the trade, as they fill up a hiatus so staple and imperishable an
making advances to growers, and experiments with cold storage and between the Southern production and article as bacon, how much more read-
providing such cold storage or other other methods of preserving the .our native fruit., ily could it depress the price of or-
preserving methods as will protect orange. By next season (i. e.) 1888-9, Owing to the,dryness of the climate anges, which are liable to so many
,, growers against gluts. The company the company would be in:a position to in California the' fruit is not obligedto possible losses to the buyer. The fruitis
.should have such influence with grow- have all necessary storage facilities.If be picked as green as in Delawareand liable to rot, and the bidder must
ers as will induce them to cease con- a union of the several enterprisesis New Jersey. It comes here nearly leave a big margin for that. It may J
'.''signing. By these methods the company practical and acceptable, let actionbe perfect. The best test probably is in' not be fairly packed, and there must'
would gain the confidence of the at once taken. Through the press, the fact that the Italian fruit venders, be a margin for that, and if it is in '
I dealer. When the dealer in fruit the whole community can be informedat the best judges of fruit in the world, Jacksonville there is danger of damagein i
sees himself rrotected against consignments once, and early results be obtained.I are the most numerous and the most transit to the home of the ,buyer,
.j he will come and buy or purchase believe the gentlemen at the head critical buyers at these sales. and there must be a margin for that.
here through his broker. Such of these several enterprises have but e,. .. There is a possibility of the market
.,'company should be a selling company the one object in view, betterment THE AUCTION ROOM. being overstocked when the fruit
; of our orange market. The press of reaches its destination, and the bidder
only.There The Greatest of
I are individual views. The the State are interested in promoting Enemy Orange must allow for that. Is it not reason-
Florida Auction and Forwarding Com- whatever is to the general advance. Culture in Florida. able to suppose that an auction of or-
pany doubtless will speak for itself ment. Union is practicable, and can Ex.Senator F. M. McMeekin, of anges in Jacksonville, or anywhere in
."through' the proper channel. If I ama be accomplished., M. S. MOREMEN. McMeekin, Putnam county, Ila.: in the State run regularly, would depressthe
:' director of this Florida Auction and ,Switzerland, Fla,, Aug.. 29,1887. an article headed as above, writes the prices of oranges so low that all
: Forwarding Company (and the continued > < the profit of growing them would be
For the FLORIDA DISPATCH.AUCTIONING Palatka News, under date of August23d
failure of such an announce- : sacrificed ? The business can be ruined
ment in published reports, would lead as follows : by auction rooms ; has already been
one to doubt). I shall advocate the California Disposes of Her Entire ,Senator Mann,a stockholder and an hurt, but if this auction business keepson
above principles as fundamental. If Production in this Way. officer in the "Orange Auction and in the opinion of the writer, it will
the new company is not comprehensive That your readers may be informedas Forwarding Company," says: "It must be a sad day for Florida.If .
enough to embrace such questions, to the handling of California fruits, be seen by all, at a glance,that as each the writer had it in his power to
I shall hold no place in it. What it I enclose clipping from a Boston day's'sales' made, in Jacksonville are destroy or remove only one of the
is,'and will do, yet remains to be seen. paper. I have always advocated the telegraphed all over the United States, drawbacks to the orange culture in
Do not enter j judgment hastily.As selling of our Florida fruits by auc- the dealers to whom this fruit is to be Florida, he would not ask to be free
I am here again, just let me say tion, and in that respect endorsed the sold are informed as to the cost of fruit from the cold snaps that we are sub-
that my efforts have been made for action of "the Florida Fruit Ex- laid down in their city. Now, will any jected to, he would not ask to have all
the purpose of securing some better change." I would advise the desirability sensible person tell me that the fruit the insect pests of the orange forever .
method of marketing our fruit. I of having in all the large cities shipped by the grower: on his own account removed; he would pray, "Good Lord!
believe the other gentlemen who are North and West a cold storage ware- can be sold for a greater price deliver us from the auction room"-
prominent in the movement are house to avoid the offering more fruit than could be obtained for it ,at home, we can endure all the rest if we can b I
actuated by the same motive. daily, than the demand called for. with the freights added?" protected from this. 3
Upon the broad grounds of the GEORGE FROST. Senator Mann has stated the case If the good men who are membeny
greatest good to ,the greatest number, Boston, Mass., Aug.30, 1887. very clearly. The auction sales will of the company referred to above, wil
,.I now make the motion, that a com- Messrs. Horatio Harris & Co. held be telegraphed and published in every continue in their cold storage and for-
,mittee be appointed from the three their 19th auction sale of California part of the United States, and will warding business, and sell oranges on
companies' or movements, that have fruits on Friday. The sale consistedof keep prices of oranges from going commission, but destroy that auction
for their object the! better marketingof grapes, pears, peaches and plums. higher than, those of the auction room, feature as they would a rattlesnake,
the orange-I mean the Fruit The attendance was large and remindedone .: with freights added. Now, the great they would be a blessing to Florida, a
Exchange, The Florida Orange Auc- of the open-air sales of foreign question is,will, the auction room have great help to the orange growers, and
tion and Forwarding Company,and the fruit on Central wharf fifty years ago, i a tendency to raise or lower prices? prove financially successful in their
movement in South Florida as latelyset as conducted by John Tyler and i There is only one condition: under business. If they will work this cold
forth by General Dickerson. These Thomas W. Sears.A which an auction has a tendency to storage idea to a practical success,they
three enterprises have ostensibly the Traveler representative gatheredthe I raise prices; it is when the article to will have indemnified the orange
same object in view. They plainly following: be sold is very scarce, the demand growers of Florida for all they lost in
indicate the growers are ready for a The fruit growers of California, very great, and the ,sale well advertised the freeze of 1886 and more. They
radical change if properly directed. previous to the present season, had al- Under these circumstances, an will give orange culture great lift
And further indicate that this desire ways shipped their fruit to the com- article may bring a higher price at t and Florida a great boom. Freezes
for change is confined to no par- mission houses of the West, and very auction than at private sale., Under will no longer be feared when the
ticular section, but is well-nigh universal. rarely a shipment was made to pointseast such circumstances, to those who bid, grower knows where he can securely
of Chicago. the question is not to get, a bargain, keep his fruit during the danger, and
Now, I make this motion and ask With yearly increasing crops from but to get the article at any price. the prices will be correspondingly enhanced -
for seconds, that each of these organizations that, productive soil came the desire to In auctions under other circum- I when the marketing season
': appoint competent committees avail themselves of the, advantages of stances the condition is reversed. The can be lengthened several months.
whose duties shall be to formulatea the extreme Eastern markets. The ,bidders are not so benton, getting the But, gentlemen, if you love Florida,
platform,upon which all can unite. leading growers and shippers about. article, but on getting ",bargain. kill that,:viper! toy orange auction,
Thus: will be, pnijed into... one body the year agq.. came. tog; tjep."'and formed Why should the auction,,plan" be bet-,. room.
;' ,.., : f : '
,"" ',.," "/:T. -: -> .


.. .. ,'. ',.' ,
SEPTEMBER- 12,18S7J; --, -THE?_ ; FLORIDA. '_ DISPATCH., -- -- ,< .. ;' ; : 759.v ,

.... ... <"
For the FIX>KIDA.DISPATCH. September comes in. Strawberry ful of Pyrethrum to the pail of wateris

The .Qaiden, Weight of Muok.' are being got in readiness for,the sufficient, i if the powder be of first-

In your issue of the 29th, A. W. plants, which will be set early in Sep- rate quality. .,,*
For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. Wallis, of ,Altamonte, Fla., asks for tember. Last year American Wonder For the Aphis or louse, strong
TREATINGMUCK.. the weight of muck, It is very difficult peas, planted October 9th,,gave, us whale oil soapsuds applied as above
to give the information wanted, new peas for our Thanksgiving,dinner. with the spray pump, are thoroughly
Composting Muck and 'Muck' Bed.I as much depends on how the muck \Ve expect to repeat .it this year, and efficient. '
,will tell Mr. Wallis that I am has been kept. The following may have tomatoes and new Irish potatoesalso We can confidently recommend these

composting muck with acid phosphateand help him. A cord of green peat and possibly strawberries, .if' an methods. They are,if thoroughly and

German kainit-200 pounds of weighs 9,216 pounds-"when perfectly experiment that is being tried is, a suc- persistently followed out, certain to'

phosphate and 100 pounds of kainitto dried at 240 F. loses from seventy- cess.But extirpate these pests. :
three to ninerseven per cent. of water." to come down to the practical To those unaccustomed to the use of
a ton of muck, which is about forty !:allowed to drain as dry as it will, it jart ,Our work for this latitude-26 Pyrethrum powder, we may say that

bushels of muck. still contains about two-thirds of its degrees, 40 minutes, the, Caloosa- .to preserve its quality it &ust be keptin

spread my muck three inches deep, weight of water. There are, many hatchee valley,in the new county of hermetically sealed vessels. And
mix the phosphate and kainit together varieties of peat (or muck), and the Lee-for September, ,is one of active we advise the use of the California
and wet the muck if it is dry, then weight necessarily varies. You might preparation for the winter garden. .powder"Buhach." It is somewhat
put on the chemicals, then another have the parings first removed,further Seed beds should be started at once, if more expensive than that from Asia
layer of muck, ,and then a layer of down you would get the compact sub not already under way. I prefer to Minor, but is fully twice as strong,andis

chemicals, until the pile is five feet stance, such as, is used for fuel ; or, have egg plants, tomatoes ,and early of uniform quality.
high, the last layer muck. Wet it again, you might have a mixture of cabbage started the latter part of Au- WILLIAMS & HUBBARD.;"
down and let stand six weeks .then cut I in boxes Crescent City, Putnam county, Fla. :
both; and, still again, they could, ,contain gust. start my early plants .
down and mix well, and let stand one a per cent. of sand, all of which md keep in the partial shade of some For the FLORIDA DISPATCH.(

or two months, as you have time. would_ vary .the weight. Sand is always castor bean trees. Save, the wash water Note on Raspberries.The .

This is Mr Furman's (of Georgia) the ,heaviest; part of soil. A for seed beds and boxes; it ,is a good success of Messrs.. Haynes,
formula, with about half the chemicalshe cubic foot of sand in its common 1ertilizer-and keeps off the insects. Young & Bailey, of Orlando! in grow-
uses for his cotton. All our land damp state weighs, 141 pounds; clay, The question. as to what to plant is a ing the Cuthbert raspberry, reminds
being deficient in humus, and the most 115 pounds and peat, 81 pounds broad one., For home garden I would me of an item in my own experience
of us with more muck than money to hence different admixtures determine say plant the varieties the family like with; the Turner, another of the reds,

' buychemicals, I think this will very weight, but from the estimate given best, whatever they may be. With. and, like the Cuthbert, belonging to

welL This is about 7J pounds per you can,,approximate, the weight.. good judgment as to the season of the,Antwerp class. The Turner; was
bushel. Any one can add more: or R.'BINGHAM. planting, fertilizing,. and, if need be, then new and of great repute. I had
use less. Melrose, Alachua Co., Fla., 00,1887 all the
.. irrigation, we grow vegetableswe 500 that spring set out, of good,strong
I am composting this for vegetablesas did the North. Patience and
For the FIX>;BI DA;DISPATCH.. plants, and by the last of May, suckers -
well as orange trees. Dana's Formula.I perseverance will accomplish wondersin began to appear. I took up the
If I had a bay-head drained, I the way of a home garden. Don't best of them with earth attached, and
should begin planting it just as soon happened to-day to come across discouraged' if Jack. Frost cuts with them extended patch. To
it dry enough.I the 'answer to your correspondent'squery and other tender my
as got your tomatoes plants surprise, of these bore quite
my many
have raised first-rate Irish regarding the weight of a cord in boxes and
potatoes -keep some coming on of fruit that
large quantities season.
of muck. Dana in his Muck
peas, beans, turnips,etc.,on muck Manuel replant at once, and you will be am- The thought occurs to me that in the
without putting on anything. I nearly gives it as 6117 pounds. Of these for trouble.
ply,repaid your Cabbage Cuthbert Hastine Tur-
Antwerps, as ,
spoiled one good piece of muck land 3495 pounds is solid matter, the. bal- cauliflower, turnips, peas, and onions, ner, lies our chance for raspberries.All .
This is after it has
ance water. been
sand it. If"New
hauling on Comer" here 'several
are frost-proof as are I have in Florida have
yet seen
gets his bay-head dry enough to plant dug out and allowed to drain all it other vegetables. Garden ground
been of the sorts, which are
by the 25th of September, he can will. I find also the following formula should be well broken up this month, the cap prop-
agated by long, bending canes,
make three good crops of Irish potatoes for mixing muck and potash : and if light land a coating of wellrotted rooting from the tips, producing small
on she same piece of l land. Plant One cord of muck,ninety-two poundsof stable manure or muck should be which whole
plants require a
the 25th of September, then the 1st of potash or sixteen bushels of hard plowed 'un. er. My' garden land is a become of size sufficient to bear,

January, again in March. Those wood ashes. heavy soil, containing plenty of hu while Antwerps be procured and
planted in March will keep in the This he says will make a fertilizer underlaid with and I may
mus clay, prefer planted in the fall;. and though it had
ground,all summer,so he can, use themas equal in value to the same bulk of commercial fertilizers, having had not occurred to me before, it
he.wants them. clear cow dung. I would refer;'your good success with BradleyV.: that moderate appears
likely possibly even
I should correspondent to, Mr. Dana's work for
try that marl. H.' G. B.
full be had of this most
"OLD Co! ER." further: information and will guarantee Alva, Lee Co., Fla.,Aug.22, 1887. crops may
excellent fruit. D. R. PILSBRY.For
that his faith in .
Lake County,August 30,1887. muck will be
( strengthened., G. H. W ARING. For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. the FLORIDA DISPATCH.
Montclair, ,
) Fla. Aug.30,1887. Cabbage 'Enemies-How to Exterminate More About Rhubarb. .
to Compost Best of
Manner o*-r--
Using a Muck Bed. For the FLORIDA DISP ATCJI.> Them. In reply to your request for an'account

In your issue of August 29th one) Home Gardening. We would like to call the attentionof of' any subscriber's experiencewith

of jour correspondents ask for infor- The question of home supply is_ of cabbage-growers to a point often rhubarb, I give the following :
mation on the weight of muck after more importance than that of raising neglected, and generally slurred over, When we, the Brown brothers, first
drying out four months, and also a truck for market. It is hardly neces- the, fighting of the insects that disturb began our farming at Mandarin, we

formula 'for mixing the muck for 'fertilizing I: sary to state that, in this climate, we ,that plant.For brought rhubarb plants from Ver-
? In reply I would need less of the carbonaceous, the fats the worms, the PluM and the mont in the fall and set them out in
that purposes.I have tried muck : and sweets, and more of the cooling far more troublesome' Plutclla, Pyre- November. They started at once and

say with "acid phosphate" and composted"sulphateof I acid fruits and -vegetables.We thrum powder, particularly the Cali- grew off finely, and by February we
'potash"' in? equal parts with six should have the latter on our fornia grown, known as "Buhach," is had plenty of leaf stalks large enough '

parts of dry muck, and found the com tables every day in the year, and do thoroughly efficient if properly applied.We to use and sell. They continued to
post act as quickly, and I think with I away with the fat bacon and insipid have been experimenting with it grow well till April or May, and gradually
more'lasting benefit to the soil than: I canned goods from the North. But I for five years, and have found it to ceased growing. We then
any commercial fertilizer I have used.I hear some one say it is impossible to give perfect satisfaction only when hilled them up and left them for the

With reference to the weight, I would have vegetables here during the sum diffused in water and applied in the summer. In the early fall we madean
the quickest plan would be to mer. Have you really tried to have form of a fine spray, driven with force. examination and found that onlyone
weigh say it. To mix the muck with phosphate them?' Here is a list that we have We use for this purpose a hydronettepump plant had survived. Nothing

and potash, let him make a box had all summer in this neighborhood, to the nozzle of which is at- daunted, we imported more plants
twelve or until they were consumed: Egg tached a cyclone jet. To the lower from Vermont and fertilized heavily
inches high feet long,
say and five or six: wide, put, eight!in the same plants, tomatoes, onions, okra, cucumbers -i end is fastened a piece of rubber tub when we planted, but with about our

six bushels of dry pulverized muck, sweet potatoes and cow-peas, we ing of convenient length, the free end former success. I think we tried it
add half a bushel each of phosphateand have had all summer, and until about of which, furnished with a strainer, is for three years, and in no instance did
potash and thoroughly'mix' with July 1st we.had Irish potatoes ,and immersed in a metal knapsack which any considerable number of plants
a hoe. The result will be a fertilizer carrots We are now preparing for contains the ,fluid, and which is strap survive the first summer. As our own
equal in value to the same amount of our winter'garden, and will plant this ped to the back of the operator. With plants were exhausted, we thoughtthat

commercial stuff and at a reduced costA month in seed beds, egg plants,.cabbage this instrument a man can go over it would not pay ,to buy,plants
-' MUCK USER. tomatoes and cauliflower,1,ana about .one and a half acres per day, every year and so quit its cul Jvation..

Southeast Florida September" 1,1887.. '; ', will plant, turnips, for;tot early before, syringing. .,every, plant. A.tables P, n- -. '' ,',,. : A.J. BROWN.
";:::.to .. '}')I

.. .
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,, ,.. .. .' '.:._, ,
TCO) -. ., ,.. TT t wFLORID .'. DISPATCH. [S PTID BERf:12i'1887:

; f f't ; j' { .
tion, is exposure and drying after- dig- For the FLORIDA DI!lPATcH.'"' esting description of the tree is taken
)i What Killed the Roses? "
Ornamental *
jiortdculture. !
ging. The tree depends on the ,roots from the Ladies Home Companion.:
...,,, Editor Ornamental Horticulture.
-: for its' moisture and much of its The glowing accounts of the beautyof
.. Can you tell me what is the matter -
\\.J; BY W. C. STEELE.
food and this i ia obtained the tree Sckinus Mole
: chiefly pepper ,. ,
n '_' .. with my rose bushes? I sent to
The Celosia through the delicate growing? fibres.A given by the travelers wh have visited -
Feathery last March for six climbing roses,
moment's the the>Goiaeri= State and -there-wit
Our engraving gives an excellent exposure to burningsun three of them are dead, one is just living
or drying winds injures, and alonger. nessed the tree laden' with its delicate,
representation n of Celosia pyramidalis, and the other two are growing a
J kills these feeders and foliage and scarlet
or feathery Celoaia, one of the graceful exposure little,. namely, Cloth of'Gold and pinnate bright,
the of berries has excited interest in it
injures vitality the larger roots. ,
7 and beautiful varieties of the family Marechal Neil. They all seemed to
The tree must then form new roots amateur florists of the Eastern
:known in this country as "Cocks- before it can make a growth. The grow at.first finely,but very soon cameto among
stand-still in which state States, and many have added it to
hbs.n Florida they seem as greatest care should be taken that a ,
would remain for a week or two then their collection of pot plants. It is
mach at home as the weeds, sowing trees are properly protected and
not to be its flowers
packed I after they started out again, but by and by a plant prized'for ,
;themselves. everywhere and developing Trees have 'soil the new growth began to wither an I as they are green and inconspicuous;
must to
,; heads which would excite the rule. Certain a good varieties of growin the branches turned black. I pulledup but the foliage is evergreen, graceful
as a trees
admiration and envy of florists at the well to in the one or two to examine them and and symmetrical in shape, dense in
seem adapted grow poorest
habit, and has a pleasant odor when
North without cultiva- soil others will found them just as they were put nthe'
any care or ; many occasionally
touched. Trained in good shape, the
: 'L r become established in soil and ground not a new root formed.
tion. a poor
plant makes a fine specimen for table
do well; but for success in ornamentaltree Some one told me it was new ground,
soil is and I should like to know if this ia decoration.The .
planting, a good
necessarYl true. The ground broken California pepper tree is a na
and it should never be less was up
tive of Peru, where it is much used as
some time in June, and I worked it
Do not trees where
deep. plant you
ornamental it there
a shade and treeas
and added about third of
would over one-
not attempt to plant a vegetable reaches the height of thirty feet In
well-rotted cow, manure at the time of
garden.When California, however, it is merely a
'a tree is to be planted, the planting. I tried to follow your.Advice -
Department large shrub, attaining the height of
should be extend given in the Horticultural -
hole to
large enough
only ten or twelve feet. But even of
the roots naturally in all directions.The of June 27th, but failed to
that diminutive size, the display of
soil should be worked the find a place in Jacksonville where I
among rich,scarlet berries, mingled with the
and could buy cotton seed meal, bone
roots thoroughly very firmly. meal Or Other at retail dark green foliage is 'said to be extremely -
M When growing, every fibre is iu close any fertilizer. ,
# contact ih the soil, and the tree.is in small quantitiesnothing less thana : beautiful.

held so firmly that the winds cannot bag of it; which I do not need nor This tree or shrub belongs to the
sumac order, anacurdiacece, and like
stir it. In' if the earth should could use.
most of the other members of that
I hope can throw light on the'subject or-
be packed solid enough to hold the you
tree, secure it would certainly be anadvantage ,_ as I wish to plant more.and der, possesses valuable medical prop-
erties. The essential oil which abounds
; make a success of it. M. T.,
in the leaves and to them
It is of course impossible to why
As to the 'proper season for planting say their fragrance, is used in treating

ornamental.i.,.trees and -shrubs, ,the,fol-, those roses died. The symptoms. seem J diseases of the eye. If a fragment of

C lowing from Vick\8\ Magazine.'will,ap to indicate the lack of some essential leaf is placed in water, the escape'of

ply with 'double force, on ,account four element, in the soil. The fact that the this oil in little globules will cause it

milder winters and longer sum- land was new would not account, for to play around if it possessed the

'I. The following account of the use it, unless the 'soil was'very wet arid power of spontaneous movement: The
mers: plants 'are readily propagated from
made of the feathery Celosia,elsewhere, The fact is th there' constantly
sour. are -
The when is seeds which advertised by
question, to, plant, an are now
1. we, ,' clip from that excellent authorityon important one. Some will not plant coming to light similar cases the majority of seedsmen, at the moderate -

-,' floriculture, Partfa Floral Magar ,anything in, the fall, others prefer the which cannot be accounted for by any price of ten. cents per packet..,

fall to all other seasons the !majorityof .. :
r, : ; known law of vegetable life. Yet if
In the Celosia C. planters will, perhaps, claim that The Oak-Leaved Geranium.
England Feathery any reader has had a similar experience -
is the best season for the largest
spring This the
belongs to
is for same family as
pyramidalis, much prized conservatory amount of planting is done ,at that and has reached a satisfactorv
i the .Rose and like that is
decoration in winter. For time, and failure, js not .attributed so, explanation of the cause, we should be -geranium, a

this purpose the seeds 'are sown, :in much to the season.- Fall planting, very,glad to hear from them. vigorous grower'; on our light, sandy

shifted August, and .the young plants", however, has strong advocates among It is very strange that 'none of the soil when fully "exposed to .the sun.

into larger pots as, they and wherea .,
t grow experienced tree. planters, The owingidescription 1 :was-..writtenfor
,until they occupy five inch pots, ,in planter has given that season.a fair seed men or florists of Jacksonville'keep 0 rOmn, /'flb eb ;E.E. Kix-

i which they are allowed to bloom. trial, his favorable testimony is,,as a fertilizers for sale at retail in
.:R.Ef* D Anyone who can care for a Geranium rule, secured.! ,. However, there is a small: qdantities.

,, can raISe these plants in pots successfully prejudice against fall planting, and a The mixture; we recommended costs, Oak-leaved geranium is not extensively -

as they will thrive with similar. single failure at that season counts less than cultivated: but it deseryes,fp be
by the ton two
treatment. The large plumes of flowers more, against it than, a dozen in the per wherever fine foliage is .appreca .ted.

,'I,. are freely produced, and make, a spring., Trees and shrubs planted pound and still pays the dealer over Its fragrance is not as agreeable as

., gorgeous display for several_ weeks. early in autumn will push roots,before one hundred and fifty per cent. profit. that,of the rose: or lemon-scented members -

(Colors mostly yellow,scarlet and white. winter for it is,not necessary that the Parties in the country can usually of this family! but: large specimen

As yet they are but rarely grown as top grow to force root growth; all ''can: procure a small quantity of some fertilizer of symmetrical as

window plants in this country. Wet prove this by observation. 'Take ,up a ornamental as either of Mother kinds
that will the
hope many of our 'readers will give tree or shrub in November that was answer purpose,' named. Its leaves resemble those_ ; of

;;them, a trial this year and report their planted in August or September, and from some one who has an orange: the:oak in shape, and arcs of a. darker,

success. you will be surprised see the amountof grove or vegetable garden near. {[ED. richer green than, any other varietyof
new and growing roots. :A' fall HORT. geranium I am familiar with.

t i .Planting Ornamental Trees t planted tree becomes established by When grown in a strong light the

,; .The following directions from Vie,,'8 this means,and naturally is,in a better The California Pepper Tree. center of the leaves,are inarkea with

Magazine are worthy of careful study: .condition to grow the coming 'spring. Some weeks ago we mentioned this brown, nd'as the plant becomes older
I believe if careful, and this variegation out in
,systematic cornea .stronger
Healthy trees with good roots i if tree and unfavorably to
I reported as
experiments were carried On in tree colors. It branches freely, u JdJ(5(tends

,I properly,S cared for, after digging, and planting, the fall would be found a its success:in this State. All who have pruning ,well, and can, therefore* be

f \\carefully planted in good soil, sopla better season to plant than in spring; seen it in'California. agree in praisingit trained in almost any shape Lost it the
{,always live, and where they,.do not the ground, is Warm .and moist, in the' very highly. Possibly farther experiments -< taste of the cultivator.Hyacinthus ,'.,

their death be traced best condition for the formation of .
< can generally to in this State will lead, to
: roots, the air is moist, and there is not ; Candicana. iaiavery:- at-
:some.;I, preventable' cause. the fierce,drying winds of eailyspring, the discovery of a method of treatment tractive border flower. ttsteljjpikesof |

The 2,1 i & chief5cause i. / of the death of trees. or. the: liability of a June: : 'or t fulpz which Will, enable us to grow it sue- ..bloom give.it,'a stately appearance,

'nd shrubs, when dug in good condi- droutH soon 'after the tree':is,plan d. :cS ny.- 'TKe-following' ''very,inter- which .18.very;:striking"f ;-; "


.., '.JlIEB
"';'' (4 I
!3 12J887J*. ,..,?.. _. "' _.,,__. .q.__ .. 'THE FfiOBIDl.' DISPATCH.__ __ ;.,761 ,I''!

a A could regain our health; to-day we are the doors:and windows prevent flies Can this be aol Ask your railroads ;,'"] I
]J4orneInterests. both well and hearty and happy as and mosquitoes ; ants, roaches, etc., and the shippers, and the men' that
coons, and expect to live and die in have not visited ,me as yet. If the have been engaged in this business ; '
)', BY MRS, E. ,A...,HILL.Next. ., Florida. Mrs. F. W. Z. men generally like this sunny land, they will answer We have made
s Silver Ridge, Fla., Aug.,23,1887 we too should not be afraid to speakour from one to eight hundred dollars per -
-I" : .
) c
"i' For the FLORIDA DISPATCH thoughts and mind freely, and one acre raising' market garden stuff. And ,
; '..In our next issue we shall'commence I II I Delighted With Florida. at least signs herself as delighted with as to fruits,'why, the migratory popu- <
W e'publication of a'serial: "From Illinois Editor Some Interests: Florida. LULA JL MATLACK. lation know nothing about them they
.dt. to' Florida:"" in' four'. parts,Tiy a Your correspondent has been very Sorrento, Lake Co.Mfr-4, Fla., Sept.. 8, 1887. are away so much of the year they do "
j remiss in her duties of late, but ill For the FLORIDA DI8P ATCR. not get them. There are peaches, ,
Jacksonville: correspondent, together health, not want ,of interest was the "That's What's the Ma.tter"---Ab- pears, grapes, and, pine-apples and
witH other items which we think will reason. But when reading,the article sentees Get Hit Hard. bananas, and the finest of nearly all
'be}) read by many 'with interest. One from the pen of our friend, "Mrs. M. Editor Home Interests: the common fruits in the North that ,
.reader says 'it would be a good idea to W.," of Illinois, I could not defer any In passing through the villages of can be had here if we can stay and .
dame: the county as'well as town so gas longer, but got right up to pen a few our State, one is struck with the great attend to them. Just take a look at
lines in return, also to say ,a good any of the Western States and suppose
to enable from abroad to locate number of vacant houses of
persons ; many
that one-third of the
word for "fair Florida, the home of even people
the'place on the map. Will writers my adoption. I know nothing of the them good and neat places. Some should leave for one-half of the yearor
-please''bear; this in mind. fatigue attached to threshing time in seem to be deserted, but this is not so more, what would be the effect?
;-. .. .'. --U- that far country, but can deeply sym- common. and the same will apply to hotels and
*;For the FLoRIDA PISPATCH: ;n t tjli pathize with "Mrs. M. W." when she The naturally arises why is hotel keepers. They come down hereto
l } ) : Honor Bright. ,, ,tells of having to prepare meals for query have the comfort of our' climate in
Editor" I"Home Interests' ..' twenty men. One is all I can manageto this, and what causes so many to leave winter, they say, but it is money theyare
j'' In: reply to Mrs. M. W-'fl letter entertain, and then I have good in the summer, and what is the effecton after ; then back again to the
'I will.say: I was raised in Illinois, assistance in the way of a reliable, the country? North to, keep a hotel in some of the
''lived there forty years, thought there young girl who presides, with grace On inquiring I am told, they have fashionable resorts to get what theycan
'twas no other place to.live; for twelve over the kitchen. gone North to spend the summer." there; all they spend is to get
long years ,my health gradually failed. Florida has excelled herself this A stranger asks at once, "Is this a more to carry out of our State.It .
The doctors told me I could never get summer, for never have I seen it so necessity ;" the answer is, that it is not, is a matter of astonishment that
well;I last year my.{husband's health hot before, and ten summers have and that any one can live here as well our manufacturers could not see the
,:failed him; there we were, hardly able elapsed 'since we journeyed to this in summer as in winter, and this is a point, and establish here, and enjoy
to H1,;help each, ,other. My husband pretty highland, village. Yet, with fact that I have: experienced for years., the comforts of the climate, and this
'1' ..thought Florida would benefit him; at the intense heat, we have been far Well then, it is because the people are will be done as soon as it is ,shown, that
first I refused to. ,try Florida, but more comfortable than our Northern so well off, or so rich that they leave we can, and do raise what we 'need
something'to bel done, or die. We friends, for a delicious breeze has for pleasure. This in my opinion is here to live on, and this ]last will be
came to Florida: last November, took fanned the pine forests continually, the greatest misfortune to Florida accomplished when the ,class of set-
,,' a'}little survey of the State,and ,to our and at nightfall we could enjoy the that she has to contend with, that our tlers come to make it their permanenthome.
v surprise: (found both wej-e being, bene- house without suffocation, as our distant people are too rich ; yes, too rich I '
",fitted, we thought we would. try it l last friends oft complain. No sunstrokes Why, when they settle for the win- Let no one suppose that I do not
V winter;,we purchased a piece'' of land have been known, while the ter only, they do not pretend to :do like the rich. I do, ,for most of my
d i in the wild pines,. built, a cabin and press informs us of many in the anything but make an orange grove, friends belong to that class, and two-
spent a very pleasant winter,and have North. If we do'not freeze out in the (many times not that,) and that takes thirds of them are away now, while I
.spent delightful summer, and could winter, neither are our summers in- only a part of the time ; they dependon am lonesome without them.I .
,'not be induced to go back to Illinois, tense and scorching. There are many canned food instead of going to cannot close .this letter without
to.. live. more pleasures and comforts to. be raising vegetables, and living on the saying to Mrs. M. W. that we can
Here everything is so different from found in the balmy Southern land than produce of our land ; they do not get a have the best gardens here that I have
'**'the! North;'it is almost impossible' to our absent friends imagine, and as our cow and enjoy the best of milk, in seen in any country ; but it requires to
':q give!a; correct description. I, think "111." sister remarks, our fruits are not fact the best I ever saw. A friend be done in a way adapted to this coun-
E V ,,advantages overreach the disadvantatageaso the least. As for peaches, our little} sent, me a letter from Ohio recently, try. So, to' those who want homes,
,' ,far one might be easily satis- three-year-old trees yielded magnanimously stating ,that he could get no milk there come in and get them, but don't make
fied.Flies and in May our table was such as he had been getting here the mistake of getting extensive farms,
have'not been as bad with: us laden with the most delicious of fruits. through the spring ; and so, one can you, will need but a few acres ; make
as they were in the North; we have a And then the grapes and figs, guavas get the best of everything here, by that produce, and you can 'have fruits
" -,thousands, ,,of places in Illinois. .'.Mosquitoes fresh fruit daily. People who localities. mer and winter.
,., gnats and snakes are"nothing. can see Florida see .it as it is, good But when one is too rich to come and Hoping that the rich will get
compared with what I have seed in and bad, and then go away. condemn- make a permanent home, simply com- enough of the changeable North to
'lllinbis.Fruits. ing our fair sunny clime, saying it is ing to spend a few months, and away make some small investment here to
;and flowers, grow here,to perfection the poorest place to live. Why? again at the North, it leaves the country get the necessaries out of our soil, and
; we have had flowers blooming Well, no words can express my opinionof the worse off, for you are in the all have gardens, and a cow, I will
for us nQwi that we'have: .nursedjn the them. Their want of taste is to be way of what should be the'home of close by saying that the DISPATCHwill
,,.North for over three years withouthaving pitied, that's all. Everything that 'is some poor family, and' every lover of back up the idea that we can, and
a bloom on them; with 'a little consumed' is not necessarily brought Florida should even pray that indus- should, raise our living at home, and
"''care and trouble I think, anything will from the North. If a possesses a trious, poor'people should come amongus then we shall be a prosperous and
'< grow here that will grow anywhere. I grain of "get up and get," many to stay, and by their labor help happy people. VOLUSIA.
,at 1 We have no grass in our yard yet, I dainties, as ,well as substantial, crown: enrich this country, and develop its 4
but, expect to, have before, many I their efforts. A peep at my shelves resources. By using judgment in,getting Plain Chocolate.
*months, as we are satisfied that,it willgrow : laden with preserved fruits and jellies acclimated you can stay summer Scrape one ounce (one of the small
here. I :grown right here, will plainly prove and winter.I squares) of any plain chocolate fine;
..', As for shade trees, there is no excuse that such talk of not raising articles believe that the fine sea breeze add to this two tablespoonfuls of
r:oleanders set out for shade trees,,one fruits and flowers that also abound am twenty-five miles from old ocean, pan with one tablespoonful of hot
over to New. Smyrna I think must be where care is used to raise them. Someof is better than can be found in the water; stir over a hot fire for a minuteor
over forty feet high; last week I saw"ta the loveliest flowers I ever saw were heated cities of the North. I have two, until it is perfectly smooth and
c common elder, ''like we have in Illi- from Florida, and roses find in this suffered more in Cincinnati in the glossy, then stir it; all into a quart of
nois, that was as much as eight inches semi-tropical climate their true home. summer than I ever have in Florida ; boiling milk, or half and half water;
:,.in:diameter,,,ahH I, should.judge must The dreaded white sand door yard is and I think that a majority of ,those mix thoroughly and serve im-
,*be twenty-five feet high.I 'not found here if not desired. My who have remained during the sum- mediately. If the chocolate is desired -
like Florida: and feel that anyone eyes gaze lovingly on my emerald mer will say the same. richer, take twice as!much choc-
"''could, if they come with'the calcula-' lawn,and each tiny new leaf is dearto But some'one will cry out, that we olate, sugar and,water. Made in this
1:tion of being'satisfied; no,one will be my heart. Our lawn_ onlybeen cannot get anything to eat. As I'said: way, chocolate is perfectly smooth and
"."*satisfied if they come with the inten- planted a short time, yet it is beautifuland before, that is because our neighborsare free from oily .particles. If it is
tion of fretting,about\ ,what ,they, .have green, verdant by the refreshing so rich that it leaves no one'to allowed to boil after the chocolate is
.& (.left ijouthe Northl" I came with the showers. Insects are not as troublesome plant except those who are doing it 'added: to the milk, it becoraea'oily and
,de ernttinaon of being saUsfiea: if:wje' 'as'1 inahy'; suppose1!' Screens' to for the.No'rtherrr'market& ', :' I loses ita fine flavor, .::1 .. :.:*.



"" V :.,-S -,- '- a VV _V } -" .,j.y ,..............?...

762 ," .-,' .-'; ..f, -THE FLORIDA; .DISPATCH. [SEPTEMBER. J2, \1887. .

EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT. Marketing Oranges.We tinuance, of the present system, with When the fruit in market is owned by

I ... would substitute dealers it. will leave established
publish in our Marketing De- one exception; he an

A. H. MANVILLE, Editor. : partment this'week the views of Senator paid agents for commission merchants.This market value and retailers everywherewill

Contents.; McMeekin, of Putnam county, on would, in effect, cut off such por- buy with confidence, gluts will

THE OBGHABD-The Mariana Plum,Bud- the auction method of selling oranges. tion of the crop as was controlled by end and buyers will seek the fruit at

ding cana..and........Grafting.._....... ....;...Xlmenla.................Axneri-............755 He enters into an elaborate argumentto this organization from present outlets, the grove. And we believe if the
TRoPICAL PLANTs-The Bamboo in Jap- prove that this system of selling bringing it into competition with the growers will invite the co-operation of
an The Alligator Pear EI Bobo,Bana-.
&*;........*....*.**.. ....;..*.*..........*........... *0o tends ,to "bear" prices, and declares in commission fruit,for the most sanguine dealers in this matter the requisite

TUE Shy GROVE or Prolific-The Mandarin a Difference O'range.ls of Expe-It conclusion that,' the auction is the could scarcely hope to secure the cooperation capital will be forthcoming. It will

rience, Is it Occasioned by Different of the in time without invitation but
the majority come ,
Bolls: The Rust :Mite, Or- greatest enemy orange grower has. a growersin

anges Manures; Bad;Scale Effects Insects from:Muriate ling Stable or Sulphate In view of the fact that all the for- a venture of this kind, and array- much might be done to hasten this

Mixed. of or Potash Exclusive;The...Tardlff.............Orange.............; 757 eign fruit has been satisfactorily disposed ing against it the entire, fruit trade, consummation devoutly to be wished.

MARK.ETING-Mr.Moremens! Position.He of in this way for years, and aggregating, as !it does, many! millionsof In the meantime the individual
Suggests the Union of the Several Marketing
Agencies;Auctioneering Fruits, that growers of peaches in Delaware, dollars. The result is apparent.The grower, or growers collectively, or the
California Disposes of her Entire Production -
in this way; The Auction and of all the fruits'of California, are Senator seems to think the Exchange, or other organization, can
Room,the Greatest Enemy of Orange
Culture in Florida............_....... 758 resorting to the auction as the best present unsatisfactory state of things to best secure for fruit the highest market

THE GARDEN Muck -and Treating Muck Muck Bed;, Composting How to method of disposing of their product, be due to want of mutual confidence price by selling only in favorable

Compost Muck Bed; ;Best Weight Manner of Muck of Using; Dana's a it 'would seem; to say the least, that between buyers and growers, resulting market, holding' back during gluts

Enemies Formula,;how Home to Gardening Exterminate; Cabbage them; his denunciations are rather strong. from dishonest middle men. While and depression by keeping it in cold

Note Rhubarb on, .Raspberries.................;...More..........About.......... 759 Has it not been the competition of many growers have undoubtedly been storage or, on' the trees, the latter being
ORNAMENTAL HORTICULTURE The consigned fruit that has kept down (to defrauded by dishonest commission practicable in the southern part of the
Feathery Celosia: Planting Ornamental ,
Trees; What Filled the Roses; The its own level) the auction prices for merchants, we believe the majorityhave State. Those that wish fruit for-

California Leaved Geranium Pepper ...Tree........;....The..........Oak-........ 760 Florida fruit? Has the 'method of been fairly dealt with, and that warded regardless of conditions must
HOME INTERESTs-Next, Honor Bright; effect the marketin take the risk of slaughter.
Delighted with Florida;That's What'sthe selling any great on there is no lack of confidence between .
'I '
Plain Matter Chocolate., Absentees.?get.hit Hard; 761. the matter of governing prices? It the man that buys and the man that Mr. Moremen's Suggestion. 1

EDITORIAL-Contents;Tobacco Growing; seems to us this has very little bearingon sells. Dealers throughout the country A subscriber propounds the following -
Marketing Oranges; Mr. JMoremen'sSuggestion
......... .. .... 762 the main issue, but is rather a comparatively know where Florida oranges can be I : "Is the Florida Orange Auctionand

American METEOROLOGICAL Pomological. ,...Society............... ...,........ 762 76a unimportant question of had at fair prices and of assured qual- Forwarding Company the out- Y

PUBLISHER'S DEPARTMENT...,., 763 detail.In ity. There is no lack of informationon growth of Mr. Moremen's appeal, or is

THE Industry FARM:-,Tobacco Florida In Florida Sobacco,A ranks Great a subsequent article in the Pa- these points. Then.. why don't it another company? Does the pledgeof

TUE among NURSERY the best-,Starting a profitable Buds, lending latka] News, Senator McMeekin promulgates they buy? The reason is not our fruit to Mr. Moremen follow to

the stocks instead cutting them off... 768 lack of confidence in the man
.. ] a plan which he alleges'will the Florida Orange Auction and For-

Tobacco Growing.* correct the present uncertainty and that grows or offers the fruit, warding Company? I do not. see the

depression in market. He starts ,out but lack of confidence in the stability connection between the two," etc. ?rIr.Moremen's .
A people depending upon a single
of the market price. The re-
with the proposition that all concede communication in another
production are seldom] continuously
that the orange grower should sell his tailer does not know whether oranges column of this issue very clearly defineshis
and the wealth of a State
prosperous, own fruit, as fruit growers and grain will be worth $3'a box or $1 a box tomorrow position in the matter,and the sub-
in the
depends a large measure
growers universally sell their,own pro- and buys as few as he can get sequent announcement of his with-
of the The
diversity industry. orange ducts. But fruit growers generally,, along with. As a result shippers force< drawal from this company would seem
of East Florida have felt the
growers and grain 'growers always, sell to buyers their fruit upon reluctant and easily to indicate that he does not find it,or-
truth of these axioms very forcibly in
,at their own doors, a fact that the overstocked markets. ganized upon a sufficiently broad ba-
the last few years, and are rapidly
the Senator overlooks. If we had buyers The controlling of the orange market sis to grapple with and remedy the ex-
surmounting difficulty by raising
their own feed and forage, and introducing here, the entire problem of'marketing by any community of action on the< isting difficulties in marketing our or-

would in this fact be solved to the sat- part of Florida orange growers is a ange crop.
the culture of other fruits.,
Throughout the farming districts of isfaction of every one. But nowhere chimera, and the sooner this is recog- His suggestion, that existing,'or-

do we find producers successfully! nized the sooner will we arrive at a ganized and incipient efforts designedto
Middle and West Florida' the farmers
have marketing perishable products in dis- solution of this question. Practically, facilitate the marketing of our orangecrop
depended too largely on cotton.
tant markets through commission it is impossible to unite the growers at paying prices, be united,,is a
The introduction of a new and profitable -
farm of staple commercial agents. Middle men are what we upon any one plan. Even were i i t, good one. The Fruit Exchange- has

crop want; not middle] men without capital pos3ible to organize them as a unit, the advantage of experience, an efficient
value, will be hailed by all interestedin
willing to serve for a consideration, they would be powerless to force buy-, grasp of detail, a comprehensive
the welfare of the State as an important -
but middle men with money to era or prices. Holding back the en-, charter, and embraces a membership
step forward in the steady
toward diversified invest in the product. To sur- tire crop gould not bring this about, of leading, influential growers and city -
progress mount the distance between grower The trade would supply the country izens. With the widened scope,of action -
Receiver Duval, of the Florida Rail-
and buyer he would have agents from other sources, and Florida would. and increased capital the introduction -
and Navigation Company, deserves -
way credit for' his efforts to "traveling agents," "advertising get left-her fruit might rot on thE I of this new blood and new
agents," etc. These agents ,he would trees. We had an unpleasant suggestion .. enthusiasm would give ,it, and* the
turn the attention of planters and the
trade toward the natural advantages s have controlled and managed by "or of this in the supply provided las t provision of cold storage as a protec-

",' ange growers' clubs" or local organizations !- winter to fill out Florida's supposes d tion from gluts, which would be incidental -
of this State for the production of tobacco -
, of.growers. The ject.of : shortage. Florida's crop wasn't short, to this union, the Fruit Exchange -
the of
report experts, together
with Mr. Duval's'address t 0 I organization being to establish confidence -. but the filling sold at top prices alto ]1 could give us relief this seasonin

.: between buyers and sellers, I the same, while the Florida fruit tha t the only way that now seems prac
the planters of Florida, which we publish
be accomplished by the grower's telling ought to have been short was slaugh. tical. ,
this week, will unquestionably dc ..
much to development- the public he has oranges sell,, tered to make way for the filling. ThE American Pomological Soclety.L .

of this industry.encourage and that he will deliver 'such oranges s I reason was plain enough-dealers ha L The twenty-first biennial. :'meeting

j.' WHVMMMBMMMM.II,.>.lMWMMIMH, MMMIH l as. he does sell; and by the grow. money invested in the imported fruit, of this Society Mill be held i in Boston

The building of the Sub-Tropical ii I er's being satisfied that the buyer wil]1 l while the incomparable superior Ploridas : '. on the 14th, 15th and 16th -of'this

being pushed rapidly. forward, and 's]L take the guaranty specified .and, pa y went forward 'on commission.I month, in the hall of the Massachusetts -

considerable' portion* ?* .of* : the*_ *framed: : i:,;. Ut fully, -s for.the,. same. '.,"" ', What then is the remedy ? ', ThE Horticultural Society.-,' .1'j .

already% ? .up. In other* .,W, d8.1e ,proposes f a- \.icon'. investment* of.. capitaln' the,:fruit!:" This time"." -honored. .' ',. 'association' has
|* 4f&i v r< '> '*'--* -4'' r**;) )
:. :-. /iF':4Ji': .. :. .,' -' .


,. ..... -- '"

A SEPTEMBER, *12,18 .7.i, : .' "-----THE ..FLORIDA DISPATCH. 763
t ir** $ -" *t t !* *

... ., -. .. - .... .
: -
probably done more to promote the dress E. W.. Wood, Horticultural. Hall, PUBLISHER'S DEPARTMENT.CHAS. Washington Xaval, Jaffa and Tangerine.

.cultivation' of fruits in this ]Boston. Strong, thrifty buds on sour stocks, .
W DACOSTA, Publisher, moo; quarters to two inches in diameter,
than-any::other agency, but numbering The !Massachusetts SocietY'' is com- it prices usually asked for much smaller.

( as' it does among its members the ]pleting arrangements to make everything THE FLORIDA DISPATCHIs Also Noonan Improved or Mobile Strawberry -
a 24-page weekly devoted to AGRICULTURE, plants at $2 per thousand.
foremost pom logis .;'of America it 1 pleasant for delegates, and the HORTICULTURE, INDUSTRY, IMMIGRATION WILLIAMS & HUBBABD.
',needs no introduction at our hands. ]headquarters will be .at the United Crescent. City, Fla.
Terms of Subscription. 4

A melancholy interest attaches to J:States Hotel. Any communicationsfor Two Dollars per year In advance,postpaidto Waverly Stock Farm.

this meeting of the Society, as it is J the convention should be addressedin to any foreign part of countries the United comprised States or In Canada Postal Cows and Heifers in Calf to U Panic

the first since the death of the distinguished i care of Secretary Robert Manning, Union The date,Two when Dollars the and subscription Fifty cents.expires Is. tfo. 9,420 g., American g. dam, Eurotas Jersey,Cattle No. 2,454 Club.Panic's ,.

scholar and Marshall Horticultural H all Boston Massachusetts on the Address Label of each paper, the
pomologist .
change pf which to a subsequent date be- made 778 pounds of butter in oneyear.
P. Wilder, for many its ., comes a receipt for remittance. No other re- Bomba, No. 10,330, was sired by the
years is sent unless requested.The .
ceipt Duke of Darlington, No. 2,460-Panic'sgrandsire.
For further information, address paper is stopped at expiration of the
president. subscription,unless previously renewed. Her calf sold for $12,000.
Florida will be represented ,at this I Charles W. Garfield, Grand Rapids, When a change of address is desired, both Pedro No. 3,187, sold for $10,000, is a
the old and new addresses should be given. son of Eurotas, No. 2,454-Panic's g. g.
session by Dudley W. Adams, of :Mich. 0 f1 Remittances S01m"DEn BEO3

Tangierine, and A. H. Manville, of 4 Tallahassee, Leon County, Fla.
The Apple and Potato Outlook. at the risk of the sender unless made by 4
Jacksonville, duly associated delegates registered letter or by check, express order, Fish .
'Pancoast & Griffiths, of Philadel- or postal order, payable to CHAS. W. DA- Compost.For
.from our Fruit Growers' Association.The CosTA, Publisher of the Florida Dispatch, Vegetables and Trees. Unsur-

I following announcements are phia, in a circular letter say: To Advertisers.The passed for strawberryplants.$1.25.per

In many fruit growing sections the DISPATCH is THE LEADING AGRICULTURAL bbl. Address T. L. JENEBSOH & SON,
made this '
for meeting: failure JOURNAL OF THIS STATE and has a Fruitland, Fla. .
will be almost
apple crop a circulation in Florida and
a Addresses will be delivered by Dr. large throughoutthe 4 5'
United States and foreign countries-
and nowhere is there fair
a prospectof wherever the interest is turned Southward.It For Sale.
Ji .A., Lintner, Albany, New York;
Dr. P. "VValcott Boston Massachusetts an average. Taken as a whole the DIUMS IN THE SOUTH-especially for Real Es- Improved Florida Seedling Strawberry.
Henry is for a below medium tate,Nurseries, Transportation lines, Banks, Plants and Para Grass Cuttings. Prices
; Dr. John ,H. Brakeley, prospect crop Hotels, and those branches wherein it is desirable Reasonable. Address :
quality and one of the shortest on I to reach our winter visitors or our PETER EYCLESHDIEB
"Bordentown, New Jersey; Hon. H. rapidly increasing permanent population. Aubumdale, Fla.
rfst E. Van Deman, Washington, D. C. ; 4'

t% John J. Thomas, Union Springs, New The high general average in Julyof Advertising Rates Genuine Federal Point Strawberry

York ; J. M. Smith, Green Bay, Wisconsin the prospective potato crop fell off inch$1.00 for per each inch subsequent first insertion insertion.cents per Plants for sale at three dollars per thou-
P.' J. Berckmans steadily in August. The continuous sand. Apply to W. A. BOSWOBTH,
'" ; Augusta, Preferred Positions,Next Reading or on Cover: Federal Point, Florida. "
decline is attributed to severe droughtwest '
Georgia.. 81.40 per inch first insertion; 70 cents per .. .
of the and
The following is a list of subjects Alleghanies general inch for each subsequent insertion.
damage from beetles. The condition 10 per cent. off on 2 months' contracts. First Dose Cured.
discussion with the
chosen for
general 20 6 "
names of the gentlemen who have an- remains high only in portions of the 30 on on 12 II Mr. E. Petri, Glasgow, Ky., writes:
Atlantic Coast States. Advertisements JUST be acceptable in "My daughter contracted chills in 1877.
nounced themselves as willing to open EVERY respect. i No prescription ever gave more than
THE: FIX>BIDA DISPATCH is sent free to
with short 4
the relief tonic kept.them off.
topics ,
papers: temporary no
those who advertise in it, as long as adver-
1-Progress in Fruit Indentifieation For the Sub-Tropical. tisement Two bottles of Hughes' Tonic cured her

by Flowers. Dr. W J. Beal, Messrs. Reasoner Brothers, of the CHAS.continues.Address W. DACOSTA,Publisher.Florida.Gardeners completely.first dose.She had I recommend no chill after Hughes'takingthe

Michigan. Royal Palm Nurseries, Manatee, Fla., Jacksonville Tonic to all suflering from chills and fe-
\ :'
*:2-Climate, as Affecting Color in if for trans- ver."
Fruits. D r. B. D. Halsted, Iowa. satisfactory arrangements and others who use cold Prepared by R. A. Robinson & Co.,

3Notes on Cross Fertilization of portation are effected, will send one frames will do well to investigate the Wholesale Druggistst Louisville. Ky.

D. S. ] New York. or two car-loads of choice specimensof merits of the Waterproof Patent Protect- Sold at retail by Druggists generally.Van .
Grapes. Marvin, ,
I The standard ing Cloth as a substitute for glass, it be- 4
tropical plants etc. high -
4--Relations of Forest Destructionto ing.lighter and costs less.
Fruit Deterioration. Secretary Geo. of this firm, and their thorough ._ I Epps Howard, Eastia,Fla.
Grove contractor and agent. Land
the flora of Florida
W., 'Campbell, Ohio. acquaintance A. I. Roots, "A B C in Bee Culture," cleared, set with orange trees and taken
5-The Apple Scab. C. A. Hatch, and the West Indies, give assurance, has reached its thirty-second edition of a care of. Trees furnished. Taxes paid.

Wisconsin, and Prof. D. P. Penhallow, that their department will be one oi thousand each; being constantly revised Satisfaction guaranteed. Terms m der-
the most attractive and valuable in it is one of the recognized authorities on ate.
'., Quebec.. ., bee culture. Price, $1.25; published by .....
'6-The Peach Yellows. T. T. Lyon .- the Exposition. 4.; : A. I. Root, Medina Ohio. For (JCalif oruia.

Michigan. 4 Readers who wish to know more about
7-Relation of Soil Starving to Meteorological. The publishers of Webster have re- the genial sunset land of the Pacific

'Fruit Deterioration. C. A. Green, ............ cently added to the unabridged a "Pro Slope, its rare products and wonderful
.. ...-.4.. nouncing Gazeteer of the World, con- resources and climate, will do well to
New York. *
qt'83M -:--_:gsqipaipantt -: CISco send cents for and 12
a r-- 3 3'3'3.! Q.) 00 taining over 25,000 titles, briefly describ- fifty a map sample
1 .'' 8--Some of our Most Promising CO &.. a1.s a 1UaA.V 6r.CIS. p ing the countries, cities towns, and nat- copies, (worth 1.25 of the (illustrated)
,Wild Fruits. E. S. Goff, New York, ** ..HH ural features of every part of the globe." PACIFIC RURAL PRESS, the largest and

J.\ and A. S. Fuller,New Jersey.9Fruit 'aj I It covers a hundred pages, and is very best agricultural weekly in the West, and
'UPlmuH Cl'CI')0-4OcooO. ) one of the freshest and most original
Breeding and Seed Ex- c. 1 t:: Sjjap U'83Jt' n .CIO CO
a home farm papers! in the world. [5 cop-
tinction. Prof. L. H. Bailey, Michigan .c a a ies, 25 cts. Jan. 1, 1870.
and Dr. E, L. Sturtevant, New e So tlaoiaA I ac oo ac i-t oo 00 Miss Marietta Holley's newbook "Sa- Address, PACIFIC RURAL PRESS, 220
11) 3 mantha has appeared and
J York. _0> MK 4 'd .__ at Saratoga, Market St.. San Francisco.
c..O .p its coming is very welcome, and justly so.
10-Behavior of Fruits at Various fc.JSl ? ) 2O 4
3 'uolloaaIC1 riii1il: >- 2ft The success of her former ventures, the
'Altitudes. A. E. Gibson, Colorado. \ g (IZ ZZZ24: a foretastes of this which have crept out, Guavas Wanted.f

: :11-Honesty in Testimonials and C O> O.uB2... 0.. and the princely sum paid for the MS. Will pay highest market price'Writeus
"' 'Recommendations. Prof T.-V.Man- "-0 .. by her publishers have whetted the pub- before engaging your crop.LrrTLEFIELD .
., ; "IfIge-te<:le-tS'. || lic and the of feast &
pas saqoni ujft ..8 appetite, expectation a STEEBE,
'son, Texas, and M. Crawford, Ohio. c (l'8JUl'8.1 U'8U' slgg of fun will be happily realized. This de- Jacksonville, Fla.

i Commercial Fertilizers, as affecting -x, \ lightful book contains nearly 600 pages, .
'., Health of Plant O mo and has over one hundred original illus-
the Vigor ,I aI OD off From Mississippi :Physician Cured.

}Yield and Quality of Fruit. P. M 5.. "< .'I &iisasa' I aaronno-hhhh toQO+ Ow._o'd*....'7Jc. trations Published by by Frederick Hubbard Opper Brothers, of, Phila-Puck. Mr.R. W.Walton,N'ew Albany,Miss.,
$ a.>
Augur, Connecticut. k II) writes: "Out of several gross of Hughes'
,r. 2 mumlu1J \ t.; tt.t; i delphia. Tonic sold not failure has been
Possibilities of Small Fruit*I 71 I CI)'d M -.. a a reported
H Q fe-. The demand is .
< daily increasing.The
Dr. A. Shaw Colorado, .. A Home In Florida.
with Water. C CO oodN000Oa 0'-
O m,m1'T'8N oo oo jo ) 0_ b people here have learned that it is a
'14-Hardiness of Fruits, Causes"and I -::.-a Your attention is called to the offer ofa certain, safe and speedy} cure for chills
o .
Experience. Dr. H. Hoskins &, ::; I i : lot in Macedonia City, and year's sub- and fever, and will have no other rem-

'I.' '" Vermont.An .IQt3mO.l'8K, SSS332S:. 0 scription to a leading paper of this State edy. This statement is almost universal.
exhibition of fruits will be held l 13o. duga U'83N. ,I 2o:1: iol: 83:3m for $4, Macedonia City is fifteen miles, A physician here has been cured by using

-_ .. .. ".0 .. .. .. ,. south of the terminus of the Florida Hughes' Tonic after exhausting the ma-
. .
;;,,'in Horticultural Hall,generous premi -O ; ? Southern R. R., at Trabue,and overlooksthe I tent medica trying to cure himself. He
o I. l : :Km ; far-famed bay of Charlotte Harbor used half bottle of Tonic.
urns offered by the Massachusetts .. .. UJJJ 00 j..o only a Hughes
being c. ,
o 'r.i CIS a ...gyp the most magnificent sheet of water in It is a pleasure to handle such a remedy.
-- Horticultural Society. Thos< ,.ID.. : : f41H'',\ NPt a: >. a m I Q tI1C! G I. the South. An unparallelled offer. For It is ond of my staples."
<.- CIS Q.)' ;1 copies of and for full particulars, Prepared R. A. Robinson & Co.
'jwishing': enter exhibits in competi,. i 1 'd faa_ paper by ,
to ,
..... '. o .::s "?" ::s tcW -0 address Tug. EQUATOR, PUB. Co., Wholesale Druggists, Louisville,: .Ky.
., 2 faon i for these premiums, should adw 1: ; Op. ?.ra: Key West. Fla.. Sold at retail by druggists generally.;
.. ,, ? -., : -. i' wt r.
'.. .
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., .
"'" -h. 7 } ,. : 1 ..._' .* ,
.Ii'. 1_ "' :... ." ..- ._.. :.,... .., : *PHE' RDA. nm .- ._ ._, ._. ',., [;SEETEMBEB rFr .12:1887.:. .,

' . .
to'I" r" ?
!i.. ., I',' "" '!', .'. ,.' local factories might think me'a competitor ing to the extreme dryness of the tobacco. We have foul Pennsylvania :
: "Th'\ .. ..".-:Q.11- with them, but it would be improper weather, and a want of knowledge on ; Connecticut, Virginia and the
r '.,',* ....'H.! I' '!: : : for me to allow any consider- the part of some farmers to their Old Florida broad-leaf styles, but the
E TOB&COb IN .FLORIDA.A :' ation to interfere with the vast importance proper care. crop is mostly raised from imported
to the State of getting a marketto This caused some delay in trans Cuba or Havana seeds,,obtained from
-weai. ?ThdustryFloridaco : Tobac stimulate the production of any planting, and, hi many instances, the the Florida Railway and N Navigation '
: Banks-Among the Best-- crop to the fullest capacity of the farmers did not have sufficient plantsto company, the Pensacola and Atlantic
I' A Profitable Crop, Etc. supply their fields, and thus }had to Railroad company, the Agricultural
..[Official! Duyal. report,of of the New F. K York, &N. Co.experts] toReceiver land.Messrs.. Corry and Kretschmar are procure additional plants from their Department, Washington, and from
:Receiver, Duval prefaces the reportwith" financially responsible for whatever neighbors, and we have seen some some other parties who have taken
: < be fields several distinct kinds of much interest and in
they do; they must not expected to showing care selecting
the following circular letter : pay fancy prices.for tobaccos, but they tobacco, which is unfortunate, as some what they believe to be the best seed.
,i,JACKSONVILLE, FLA.,Aug. 10,'87. will pay ,as much as, with th .most.experienced -, portions were not as desirable as Of course, some of these varieties of
To penalty! Middle'Florida: can be obtained for the product. should be avoided as far as possible in I and furthermore are not in demand or
,.A/;limited: acquaintance with the It goes without saying that in at- the future. I popular with manufacturers. we
tobacco',fields of Maryland,' Virginiaand tempting to stimulate prosperity in Considerable delay in transplanting think the best kind of seed, and that
North Carolina, encouraged Florida I am serving best the Florida is sometimes caused by want of rain, which,will undoubtedly find most favor -
to believe that the soil of Middle Railway and Navigation Company.H. as the farmers generally wait for wet with the manufacturers, is the
:Florida was.especially adapted to the R. DUVAL, weather. To remedy this the sugges- imported Cuba seed, and while thereare
'cultivation' of, tobacco in almost unRecognizing Receiver. tion was made that the ground be many styles of tobacco raised in
""lrmit'ed'qua>n'iitieS. REPORT. watered and the plants set out and the island of Cuba, the best would be
,too, that the prosperityof Mr. H. R. Duval, Receiver: watered every evening or as often as that produced in the Vuelta Abajo
that of the State SIR In accordance with and the district and should betaken
portion not especially DEAR required, during day to cover great care
'- adapted to the cultivation of your instructions to visit the northernand them with a leaf or an inverted flower: that only one kind be planted, as it is
.fruits and vegetables should be relieved western portions of the State of pot until they were well started, and unwise to raise several varieties
from its too great dependence on cotton Florida] and; ascertain the facilities in this way much valuable time couldbe the same field, and this is the fault that
? ,*Mi: :have constantly, since my con- existing there for the cultivation of saved. A general idea was givento we have found to exist to a great ex-
n'eCttiori'with' the Florida :Railway and tobacco, and to examine in a general the farmers as to the manner in tent. ,
Navigation Company, given attention way the character of the soil, kind of I.... which seed beds were started and cared 9. BUD WORM,-One of the greatest -
tp.the past,,present and prospective; of seed used, value and extent.of tobacco for in the,North and West, and it, is evils the growing crop is subjectedto
tobacco as a Florida crop. lands, and such other information as to be hoped that some benefit will is the bud worm. This is a small
Last March I induced Messrs. :M. we could obtain bearing upon the sub- result from this advice. green worm, usually found in the bud
Oppenheimer and H. Randolph Krets- ject, we beg to submit the following 5. TRANSPLANTING. setting out of the plant, which eats into the young
chmar, experts in the cultivation, cure report. the plants they are usually placed leaves so that when they develop theyare
and:manufacture of tobacco, to visitMiddle We will speak of each portion of from eighteen inches to two feet apart,.: full of holes. This worm is hatched
Florida. 'Their report was so the work separately, and will first con- and the rows separated about three from an egg deposited on the plant by
encouraging that Mr Kretschmar returned sider the climate : feet, but in some cases they were an insect not unlike the ordinary
in May in company with another 1. CLIMATE-Owing to the fact that placed much closer than this,which "House :Miller." To destroy it, the
expert Mr. W. Murray Corry, and the State of Florida is a peninsula, it had the tendency to "stunt" them and farmers drive stakes into the ground
together they spent several weeks visiting has the constant advantage of moist prevent a perfect development of the and nail a lath across the top with a
planters in Gadsden, Leon, Jefferson and cooling sea breezes from the Gulfon leaf; this error was explained wherewe number of holes in it, in which are
Columbia., .and other': counties. one hand and the ocean on the found it to exist,and will probably placed the bloom or oweI of the
4 These gentlemen being familiar with other. This tempers the intensity of be avoided in future. Jamestown weed [Stramoniom, or
,the tobacco countries of the world, the atmosphere, and makes the1 nights The climate of Florida is so favor- "Jimpson" weed], first putting a little
have given to their subject much study, I cool and pleasant. This humidity we able to the cultivation of tobacco that cobalt in each flower, and this at-
and being fully competent to write believe to be very beneficial to the aside from the first original crop,. twosucker tracts and poisons the fly. A good
upon it, I have felt that the full re- growth of tobacco. crops can be raised; this is accomplished remedy for this is to sprinkle, a pinchof
port they made to me has in it so muchuseful 2.. SOIL-We have found tobacco by cutting the stalk off sand in the bud of each plant when
.and encouraging information;to growing on quite a variety of soil, but near the ground and leaving a suckeror quite small, and these the worms will
you, that I have had it printed for mainly on sandy loam, with a red clay shoot on the root, which will, in a not attack; a little, wood ashes might
general distribution among you. I subsoil eight to ten inches I deep ; short time, grow into a healthy, well also be mixed with the,sand to make
may add; that several thousand pounds again on sandy loam with[sandy?] subsoil developed stalk on which the leaves the remedy more effectual.
6't ;.tAbaccoa: which I have purchasedfrom and in some instances on newly will be lighter in weight, but larger Another excellent plan for remov-
; various planters in Florida with- cleared bottom or "hummock" land, and finer than the first crop. This, ing these worms is to turn a numberof
in the :past two months, has been which seemed to be very rich and re- we believe, is an advantage enjoyedin turkeys loose in the field; they go
placed with Messrs. Straiton & Storm, quired no fertilizing. The crop seemsto no other tobacco producing Statein through the field and pick the worms .
,who upon working it pronounced it to flourish and do well on all of these this country, as late springs and off the leaves very rapidly, and as they tt
be most promising. Indeed,from whatI soils, but it appears to us that the early frosts in the fall render a secondor seem to thrive on this diet, with a little -
can learn, Florida should produce tobacco grown on the "hummock"lands third crop in other sections an im additional care, could be, made t
more tobacco than any State in America is of the best character, while possibility. quite a source of revenue to the, far-.
i 'for.igar purposes J and in- qual. 'tyuliexcelied its growth is more luxuriant. The 6. CUTTING CROP With favorable mer. '
by any country, save country is well watered and timbered, weather the first crop can be cut about 10. Cuim o.We have found a
Cuba. ,_. and the l land 'very fertile. The timbercons'ista June 15, and the second and third great want of knowledge on this point
Of first importance to the producer principally of yellow pine, crops about August 1st and September and many different methods being em-
.of any;.crop is the market, which must oak, beech, hickory, bay, and cypress, 1st, respectively, but as the seasons ployed, but the principal manner of
not only, be local but national and the yellow pine predominating. vary this might sometimes be two curing has been somewhat as follows:
even international. The lack of a reputation 3. FERTILIZERB.Where fertilizer weeks later. When the tobacco is ripe it is cut* anda
for Florida tobacco and Its has''been necessary, the planters have 7. TOPPING.-There exists quite a lath or stick run through the butt of
consequent want of market has, I am mostly used .a. compost of stable ma- difference of opinion as to the proper the stalk, and eight or ten stalks
told by planters, discouraged many nure, cotton seed and wood ashes, and method of topping the plant; some placed on each lath, which is then
fro! ; planting, hence ,my purchase in some cases have added guano to merely pinch off*the bud, while others hung in the curing shed and allowedto
above referred to as introductory to this.We break off the top of the stalk, togetherwith remain four or five weeks. It is
factories. That there may be no discouragement have strongly condemned the a few of the top leaves; the latter then taken down and piled in bulk,
from want of buyers for use of any,commercial fertilizer, as it method is undoubtedly the best, as the where it remains about.three weeks
this season's crop, which is the largest is almost an established fact that they remaining leaves grow larger, and be- ]longer, after which it is sorted. Some
produced in Florida in many years, I rob the soil of certain properties that ing more fully developed are more of the farmers prime off the leaves
have induced Messrs.Kretschmar and are very essential to the excellence of valuable to the manufacturer for from the stalk, and split and hang
Corry to return during August and tobacco, and, furthermore, are. quite wrapper purposes, whereas by toppingthe them separately, which was the.general
September to purchase at such priceas expensive. bud only-the stalk continues to method pursued with the old
they will find consumers for, all '4. SEED BEDs.-The: seed beds are grow up and the top leaves remain Florida broad lea.
tobacco which your local factories will started in January, February and small and are of little value. 11. SHEDS OR CURINGROOMS.Closed .-
not take. I have undertaken to have March, and the plants set out usually 8. SEED.-A great variety of seed sheds are ,almost! universally
these purchases made with disinclination in ,April and M y. Many of'the 'seedbeds has been planted. and the growing used i sr: '. .throughout* -tiR.iiujiii the'"; Stat. .and t". in
consequent 'upon a fear that were unsuccessful this year, OW.A .- crop showi' muy different species of many instances are far too./ftsmall to
tl .:*w 7 Wi". '
S \. t.:'. ..2 f.''.;'6..')"f.J.:,,'f-:,"". '
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3 -

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.8EM'EMB r J2.188'i.J J ==TKEn rFLOBIDA DISPATCH. .'765
: k .# .. '. ''''
.j .
cure the crops that the farmers ex-: c cess and also assume vast proportions. lion to the following facts which sug- from 5 cents to 30 cents per pound.
.,pect4o. place in them. Not only is' This exaggerated idea of the tobacco gest themselves to us: The natural query would be, which of
.thel size inadequate," but, haying no ]has also led,many growers tQ attach a Thrfculture of tobacco in Floridais these tobaccos does the Florida resem-
egood means of ventilation: the tobacco j fictitious value to their crops: and they not new, it is but the revival of ble? In our opinion, neither, but, as
liajn danger o(being shed burned, I ave asked in some cases prices,which what almost seems to be a lost indus- :always stated, it has a merit of its own,
and it is absolutely necessary, in orderto 1 were far above the value of the article, try. But never was there a time and, on it must rest its success and
>.properly cure the tobacco, that and! thus' we have found some farmers more favorable than the present for its value. So as to the seed used, it will
:these.gheds be built,so that. they can 'with portions of their old crops still .renewal on a large and successful not do to imagine that because seed
'b'e either opened or closed according: on hand. They do not seem to ,realize i scale. As already stated, the climate comes from the Island of Cuba that. it
\totthe weather. In Northern tobacco 1 the fact that tobacco must be sold on and soil are admirably adapted to the is necessarily good, or desirable. We
.States'great :attention. givento its merits, and where some of the raising of tobacco, and the require- think seed from the Vuelta Abajo
,. these, sheds. They are strongly farmers have taken a great deal of ments of the trade are such that man- district to be more preferable, becauseit
,/ built and the siding is not placed pains,land given much time and atten- ufacturers of cigars are no longer sat- represents in Havana the finer to-
.)lengthwise like ,9r inar'y'clapDoards, tion to producing a fine crop, and as a isfied with the tobacco that is grown in bacco; still, experience will go far to-
'but robs Up'nd# down, and every' al- result sell it for a good price, their the old seed leaf growing States, and wards demonstrating which of the va-
I ternate board is1 and be too to treat this rious seeds will most advanta-
hinged can neighbors are prone as are constantly on the lookout for some- prove :
thrown wifle pen, thus insuring ,perfect a basis of value for their own crop thing foreign, or other than the old geous, but, as a rule, it would be unwise
: ventilation!throughout the sows: and demand the same price when fre- styles which they have used, and for to take seed from a locality in the
the roof is also well ventilated to carry quently there is no comparison in the the want of something better, or Island of Cuba where they cannot and
,',off the air it rises. article. have raised tobacco. It is
; : foul as nearer home, they have turned largely never good
_" t. 11. ,SORTING.-The tobacco is gen- TOBACCO CULTURE IN FLORIDA. for their supply of wrappers ,to Sumatra. also possible that the Sumatra seed
{t erdlly assorted in three or four grades, This tobacco has nothing to will thrive well in Florida. Our
i1tli!fiery little.regard, to the :size or Tobacco was first cultivated-in Florida recommend it, excepting that it makesa preference would be, for these two
in 1820, but no record w kept of of seed "Cuba" of the best
style of the leaf, but if more care were beautiful wrapper, and pleases the species :
taken hi the ;assorting, much benefit the yield until the census of 1840, eye rather than the taste. Nevertheless kind, or Sumatra, for the further rea-
-Vould result, as this is'a very impor- when the State produced 75,274 it is marvellous what these Dutch son that the trade no longer looks with
't. J'tant feature and much attention is pounds, of which 66,324 pounds was companies have achieved in the culture favor upon the extremely large speciesof
,("J .to the proper grading and sorting raised: in Gadsden county. From 1850to of tobacco on the Island of tobacco, such as the old Florida,
[ 1860 the highest point of produc- but the is for small
::1 of a crop by manufacturers. Sumatra. Ten years ago Sumatra td- : preference a to
, tion was reached, and for several i medium size leaf that will from
almost unknown and
bacco wrap
I ; 13: YIELD.-The present crop' will was very .
"un'dubtdly yield from 500 to 600founds the was 3,000 to 4,000 little cultivated. This year the sale of one to two CIgars.
to the'a re on an average, but boxes of 400 pounds each ; from 1870 that product will probably reach The one great drawback to the immediate -
decreased 1880
the production until millions of dollars in Amster-
there are which, owing to twelve success of the cultivation of
many crops the "
when gross product was only 21-
1mbre: intelligent 'care, will yield at 182 pounds. dam.Of tobacco will be the want of knowledge,
least 1 thousand' pounds to' the acre, From this time tobacco has been course, we have no idea that as well as means, and many of the
Kand"'tinder, 'a higher state of cultivation in small but : millions of dollars worth of tobacco planters will doubtless become dis
evefr this could be increased. grown until the quantities has interest not 'will be raised in Florida, in the imme- couraged, and abandon the culture of
present year any diate future but do claim that tobacco, not because it cannot be madea
o We have found that there will be been taken in its production. The we
1 I. 1 Florida tobacco if cultivatedand success, but for the above reasons.
about 300 acres of tobacco raised in principal'counties growing tobacco this carefully I
: ihe'State j' this year' and on the result year are: Gadsden, Leon, Columbia cared for, as it ought to be, will i If some project could be developedby
\.;'of this small crop much depends as to and Suwanee, Gadsden showing the show many of the requisite qualities. which the raising of tobacco couldbe
i th'e' future! 'cultivation''of the plant. If largest that our cigar manufacturers are constantly encouraged on a large scale (and
: the farmers 1 find ready sale for this About acreage.one-third of the in search of. But the Florida with ample means, upon a basis not
year's drop, there is little doubt'thatmany had present grow tobacco is entirely unknown, it will unlike that pursued by some of the
thousands of,acres will'be grown ers have tobacco some but previous the balance experincein have to be introduced first. large Dutch companies who raise
tin the next few years, and with proper raising handling; their, first and are We have referred to the extravagant Sumatra), it would be of great advan-
now ,
.''me'thods' of growing'anjd' careful, intelligent crop notions that some farmers haveas tage to this industry.
without,a thorough knowledge of the,
1' curing and sorting, we see no methods to some failures to the value of their product. True, These Dutch companies got the land
gobd.Reason why Florida 'should not] proper will result, but this pursue should not discourage every one has a right to get all he possibly for nothing, furnished the capital, em-
:.' only Regain her .former) prestIge.as a them, as the knowledge can can for the result of his labor, ployed Chinese labor, and have cer-
tobacco producing State, but indeed soon be acquired, and once gained will but, if he holds the same unreasonablyhigh tainly developed an industry for which
/become the;leading tobacco State, for be profitable. especially for a new product and they Reserve great credit.
rite natural' advantages she enjoys, I There to be an ample in a remote locality, people will Now the elements to a success in
;'1 Both'iri climate ;and soil, will go 'far i of appears labor available in supply the scarcely go in search of it, but once this direction are not wanting in Flor
I A\\ toward giving; ,l her tobacco a1 1i repufa-' tobacco negro sections, and under intelligent -introduce the tobacco; and familiarizethe ida. There seems to be an abundanceof
\ tion'in the markets of toe world that supervision we believe this labor could dealers and smokers generallywith labor, as well as land. Capital and
''x&uld1' Be'attained elsewhere in it and the natural laws of trade
be made to answer all the require- intelligent enterprise are the two great
t this country. ments.for its cultivation, will govern its value. Take for example things wanting.In ( .
i ,
"i ,(The.qppprtuhity;; ,exists,and the people In: ,view of these facts, the idea siiggests. in 1880, when the raising of this we may have drawn some-
\,'have only! to, apply their energy itself to us that where large Sumatra was fairly under way, there what OIL our imagination, but if you
.. and t .ambition tQ accomplish great. re- plantations are now lying idle they were produced 64,964 bales, in 1886 could devise some means by which
suits.A. could be, divided off in small tracts the product was about 140,000 bales, such an enterprise could be called into
mistaken i idea seems to, exist' .and a cabin erected on each tract, the and the selling price during the same existence, it would prove an enormous
.p] nlgn) $,most of qur, farmers{ (tftat) because cost for which for a substantial dwelling period had increased fully 30 per cent. advantage to the State, and to the
they plant.Cuba seed they canraiseHavana is but small. These cabins could showing that the markets of the world raising of tobacco especially.With .
; tobacco) and ,as such i itjught be occupied by negro families and each, both appreciate and pay for an a concentration of intelligenceand
( to, command. AS good a price family could raise: say three acres of article that has merit. capital, rarely had by the indi-
.as,the genuine) imported arlic)e. tobacco, the,payment for which could Again, the farmer has deluded him- vidual planter, the cultivation of to-
,.JNbw'H just as impossible( to raise be a share in the crop or a fixed compensation self with this "Cuba" idea, and the bacco could be very much improved,
,Havana tobacco.in .Florida it would this could be made a good little information that he has on the a market for the goods obtained and
,be to raise,Florida, !tobacco.in Havana. source of revenue to the owners of subject has been hurtful to him. For,. encouragement furnished the farmer
Each place* possess I certain: features, these plantations, and, by increasing. example, according to the'annual circular that he would no doubt profit by.
both; of soil and climate peculiar: to the acreage of tobacco, buyers would of Straiton & Storm, the cigai Owing to the diversity of opinion as
,itself so,the farmers should rid themselves : have more, inducement,, to visit the manufacturers, the Island of Cuba to the correct methods of raising and
this false idea., Florida. ''tobacco State. 'I '. '. produces from 250,000 to 350,000 I curing tobacco in 'the different States,
.should make a reputation for We:think it wpiilcLbqa mistake to, bales of tobacco annually, of which l we do not like, to lay down any rule
itself for there is a. certain flavor ,and have each tenant raise..morethan;;. three not 25 per cent represents what is I to be strictly followed, for the reason
aroma possessed by it that,is, both de- acres, as the result from this amount t known as "Vuelta Abajo" (or fine) that each section has different ideas
I eirable.,and agreeable, and we think it, of land carefully .cultivated would be the value of which would be fairlj and methods peculiar to itself and
'.will fund much .iaypE: ; with,the smokert more satisfactory; than,$;qm a large. placed at about 40 cents to 60 centsper I which of these would best, apply to
,properly introduced,, i,as the ex-, tract, which could not, I ieceive the I pound. The other 75 per cent Florida must be a matter of practice,
..periwenta thus far madein: the raising: same attention. ,n- 'Ht", of the tobacco raised on the Island oi f r but for the benefit of thosq; who desireit
of.tobacco).leayea.no'doubt,in our min ds I ,We,have given tniSjJsuJbject! mud I Cuba, represents the more inferioi ra we will give a brief description of
that;the.industry can be made a ,suc. thought, and desirato: : caUjyour ,atten: qualities, and are [worth in Havana the methods pursued in some of the


( ..


i ,'j'd', .

766 ,' n ., *, T ){ PLOEIDA DISPATCH.--.---= [SEPTEMBER 12,1887.

Northern States, as well as in Cuba J set firmly. Some planters or "Vegueros days and be ready to sow in the bed, Eire placed all the large leaves, which
. and Sumatra, for, the latter is at present : ," in order to preserve the light when their growth will be very rapid. are torn, worm-eaten or before color,
producing a very popular stjie of I colors in the tobacco, do not apply The plants are allowed ,to grow fouror but as many crops are sold 'they
tobacco-for which manufacturers are :any "betum," and opinions .are about five inches high before they are Eire assorted, this part of the work;'is
paying a high price. I equally divided as to its use. Unless transplanted, but care must be taken done as the buyer may direct,,'.and
METHOD OF CULTIVATION IN CUBA. :great care is observed in its application that they do not get too large, as moving even more grades made. .- *
The seed beds or "posturas"are prepared the tobacco may become soft and is injurious when they are too fully After assorting, twelve or fifteen
; in September on virgin soil, :rot, or the leaves get baked together, developed.The leaves are tied together with a small
usually near a large tree which pro- :BO that when they are separated they plants are set out just after a leaf, and this bunch is called a "hand,"
tects the young plants from the direct become torn and much depreciated in rain storm, but if there has been a these hands are then packed carefullyin
.rays of the sun, the brush and. under- value. long-continued drouth the ground is : the cases, which hold about three
growth are burned and afterward raked After going through this sweat or watered to save time. After this, if :hundred pounds, and the tobacco is
off the bed is lightly cultivated witha "fever," as it is called in Cuba, the the weather should continue dry and then ready to ship. ,
plough or a hoe, and the seed sown tobacco is ready for sorting or classifi- warm further watering is necessary, .
'broadcast over it. cation,which is usually done by expert and the young plants are sometimes ,
When about five inches high the hands, as this is a very important part covered with paper or a shingle pushedin ISLAND OF SUMATRA. ...,-.'
plants are set out in the field, and of the work, and strict attention must the ground at right angles to the Tobacco has been cultivated on this
I they are usually ready by the middleof be paid to sizes and colors of the plant to shield it from the: sun. Cut island for the past twenty years, but
October. The plants are placed leaves.In worms frequently atttack the young for the first few seasons on a very
about two feet apart each way, and Vuelta Abajo there are usually plants, and must be removed by hand, limited scale, the crops of 1865, 1866
the best crops are usually raised on fifteen distinct grades or classes made, or a little grain is scattered throughthe and 1867 only yielding, respectively,
the uplands and hillsides.At running from la to 15a. The first field, and the fowls are driven 189,174 and 225 bales, while in 1886
one time guano was quite extensively eight grades (la to 8a) represent the through to help remove the worms., the yield was upwards of 140,000
used as a fertilizer for tobacco, wrappers, and the numbers denote the From this time on constant care is bales.
but of late years its use is becoming difference in quality and texture of necessary; the tobacco is cultivated at ,All the preliminary work, such as
less general, and the planters are substituting the leaf, the grades la to 6a representing least once a week,and the ground kept clearing woodland, laying out roads
green and well rotted stable the strictly fine wrappers. The free from weeds: In cultivation, care and erecting houses for laborers and
manure for it, and obtaining more remaining seven grades are fillers, the is observed that the ground is not foremen, and sheds for cattle, is done
satisfactory results. last three sizes representing the small- ,thrown too high around the plants, or during the month of August. \
As soon as the lower leaves on the est and lightest tobacco. There are that the soil is disturbed too ,near the The roads are laid out at intervals }
stalk commence to mature the bud is also some intervening grades called roots. After the bud makes its 'appearance through the fields, and well ditched on '
pinched out. This stops the upward "Quebrados" and "Rezagos," which and the plant is well ,ad- either side to cary off the water in,case (
growth and causes the 'sap to extendout represent the torn, worm eaten and vanced in growth, it i is topped, and of heavy :rains.
'into the leaves, giving them vitality imperfect leaves, and manufacturers with the bud the first four or five At the close of the rainy season,gen-
and color, as well as increased size. select these, according to their own leavesare pinched off. The,topping erally about the beginning of January,
During the growth of the plant in- ideas, for either wrappers or fillers., should, if possible, be done before a the seed-beds are planted and ",.the
cessant care is required to keep down The principal sizes shipped to the warm, soaking rain, as the stalk is not fields carefully plowed and harrowedand
the weeds, and remove the worms, United States are 9a to 12a, as these injured then. When ripe the tobaccois made ready for the crop.
which are always to be found in the! contain the best fillers. cut very rapidly, and many hands Chinese coolies are employed for
tobacco fields of Cuba, and for this METHOD OF CULTIVATION IN PENN employed to prevent,delay. Wagonsare this work, and divided in gangs of
purpose droves of turkeys are driven SYLVANIA, NEW YORK AND driven on the field with a skeleton twenty to thirty each, under charge'of
through the fields to assist in their exterminatio'n. WISCONSIN. frame or scaffold placed on them, andas a foreman (Tiendal), also a Chinaman,
About six weeks after The same seed bed is generally used fast as the stalks are cut they are and to each man a certain portion of
setting out, if the weather has been every year, and it is kept in a high placed on laths, which are hung on the I land is assigned, which he must culti--
favorable, the tobacco is ready for the state of cultivation.A wagon frame. vate and care for.
first cutting, and the portion cut at spot with a southern exposure is When the wagon is loaded it is The trees which were cut in the fall'
this time is called the "Temprano" usually selected in order to derive all driven to the shed; in fact, right into have dried in the meantime, and are
tobacco, and usually represents the the benefit possible from the warmth the shed, as they are provided with piled up and burned over the land,
finer wrappers.The of the sun, and at the same time shel- large doors, and the laths are hung on and the ashes used for fertilizing.In .
stalk is slit up on one ,side,just ter from the north winds. Where it beams which are placed across the April the plants are sufficiently
deep enough to remove two l leaves i is possible the seed bed-is located'neara building, commencing at the top and developed to set out, usually three, or
which the fibre holds together, and running stream, as any dampness or working down. four inches high, and they are then
they are hung over a pole one on each fog is beneficial in germinating seed. The tobacco is cut with a sharp transplanted in the field in straightrows
side, and as many pairs of leaves as This ground is carefully plowed and hatchet or saw, and is sometimes two feet apart each way, whichis
may be ripe are removed in this man raked till it is perfectly fine and free laid on the ground a short timeto sufficient space to furnish all the ,
from stones or roots,and then thoroughly wilt before it i is placed on the light and air required for their growth. 1(
ner.The leaves are placed close togetheron fertilized with well rotted barn yard laths.but, as a rule, it is best not to The plants are covered for a few days
these poles, which are ,then carriedto manure, and in addition to this, quan- lay the tobacco down at all, as the with leaves, and if the weather is dry
closed curing sheds and ,hung abouta tities of brush are sometimes burned gum or juice in the leaves causes the they are watered daily until the roots f
foot apart, when the tobacco dries over it and the ashes plowed in. The sand to adhere to them, and this after- take a firm hold, the planting shouldall
. out and the colors become set., belief is quite general among farmers wards robs them of some of their lus- be finished by the first of July, as
A second and third cutting takes that this burning effectually deetroys tre.The experience has proven that plants set
place, and is done in the same manneras all worms and insects that may have tobacco usually remains in the out later than this do not show good
the first. been in the ground,as well as enrichesthe sheds for at least two months, during results. '
When the leaves in the shed com- soil. The seeds are mixed with which time it must be carefully watched The tobacco takes from forty-five to
mence to show the proper color theyare sand or ashes, and sown broadcastover and the shed opened or closed ac- sixty days to ripen perfectly, and in
taken down and each .leaf sepa- the bed, which is then rolled cording to the weather. When it is the meantime the laborers are fully
rated; they are then laid down in rowsor smooth and covered carefully, either sufficiently cured it is taken down dur- occupied. The ground is hoed con..
piles called "matules," each pile with brush, hay or canvas. If canvasis ing a damp spell of weather, at which stantly and the earth drawn around
representing about two hundred used, a base-board is raised around time the tobacco is '''in "case" or soft the plants in small hills to protect the
pounds. In making these piles, a row the bed, to which it is stretched, and and pliable; it is then piled down in roots, which lay near the surface, from
of tobacco is first laid down, and is this i is perhaps the best method, as the bulk to prevent drying previous to its the heat of the sun. According to die
sprinkled with a strong solution or object is to keep out the frost and cold,, removal to the stripping room. The quality and size of stalk, from ten to
decoction of tobacco stems called in and also to concentrate the heat, whichhastens entire lot is not taken down at once, twenty leaves are permitted to ripenon
Spanish "betum;" then another row is the growth.It but only enough to keep the strippers each plant, that is,the blossom and
laid and sprinkled in the same way, is the practice of some farmers to I busy for a week or ten days, when an some of the top leaves are pinched off
and this treatment is carried out until sprout the seed before they are planted, additional lot is bulked. The stripping so that the others will be more fully
the pile is finished, when it is coveredover This is done by taking a little rotten room has a,stove on 'which water developed. Every morning before the
with the bark of the palm tree. wood from the heart of a decayed tree is kept boiling so that the steam will dew is off the laborer walks throughthe
The process is usually commenced at tas I or stump and mixing it with fine loam;; keep the tobacco soft, and the leaves field inspecting the plants, removing
,the beginning of the rainy season, I this is placed in a small box: and the t can be opened. In sorting five grades worms, picking of suckers and
there is more moisture in the atmosphere seed mixed with it thoroughly. The I are usually made; three sizes of wrappers straightening out leaves bent by a
and the sun generates this intoa box: is placed by a stove and watered l long, short and medium, fillers storm.: Each one of these men culti-
sort of steam or vapor which hastens frequently, and with this treatment t; and binders. Another grade called vate from 10,000 to 18,000 plants and
fermentation and causes the colors tc the seed will germinate in about ten l "seconds" is sometimes made in which do all the work required.on theirporI -

_ + .

'.SEPTEMBER- .12,1887.] THE FLORIDA ,DISPATCH. .,,' 767,

tion'of land, but only the best handsan 100 Chinese 100 fields, that is till the
f ,care for the larger number of crop is ready for market. The yield of 800,000, ACRES H EADAO-HC

plants thoroughly. While these men the crop depends on the state of the

are engaged with the growing crop, weather and not on the quality of soil, FLORIDA LANDSSituated

others are busy erecting drying sheds the average yield is about 1,250 poundsof DR. C. W. BENSON'S CELERY AND
:which are usually 180x72 feet In size, dry tobacco to a field. in the Counties of Nassau Duval, CHAMOMILE PILLS are prepared ex-
t the for these sheds The is to dan- Columbia, Suwanee,Alachua,Lafaye! Marion pressly to cure Headaches and Nervous diseases
consisting subjected ter
crop many Hernando, Sumter, usia. ,and will cure any case of either Sick,
of seven rows of posts driven in gers,such as "hurricanes sumatras," Brevard, Polk, Hlllsborongh, Manatee and Nervous or Dyspeptic Headache, Neuralgia,
,the ground, the ,center row being as they are called. These blow entire Nervousness, Sleeplessness, Paralysis or In-
about thirty feet high and tapering off fields of tobacco down, demolish Monroe.TOWN LOTSIn digestion,no matter how obstinate or long-

to the outside rows, which are eight or houses, etc.; also, heavy rainfalls and standing the case may be. Price 50 cents a
the Towns of Kissimmee,Winter Haven, box, free to address. Sold by all
postage any
nine feet high. A roof is then formed floods and in the absence of these
Gordonville,Bartow,Auburndale, Lakeland, druggists. BENSON'S CHEMICAL COMPANY,
of leaves the leaves of the sometimes they have long Seflner,Mango,Orient Eagle Lake, Haskell,
Atap or burning Kathleen, Richland, )'Dade City, Owensboroand 521 North Howard Street,Baltimore, Md
Nigra palm, which are folded over droughts, and owing to the soil npt Pemberton.A Dr. BENSON'S SKIN CURE for ALL SKIN DISEASES.
sticks and laid frameon rich field is cultivatedfor Map and Descriptive Notes showing the
pine on a light being a rarely location of these lands will be furnished on
these posts, and the side walls are more than two or three seasons, application to the Land Department of the PATENT PROTECTING CLOTH
South Florida Railroad
'covered in the same way. After the it is left idle for years to recuperate. Company.

tobacco is thoroughly ripe, or when Before closing this report, we desireto GEO. Fox,
i ,the fresh leaves commence to color a say that the planters upon whomwe Chief Clerk, I -. I--- -- ..... J J,0'- =--.-=

little yellow, the stalk is cut near the called took a deep interest in our SANFORD, FLA I ;, I

bottom, and the, stalks are tied with work, and afforded us every facility RELIABLE SEEDS For Florists, Gardeners Farmers, etc ,supersedes -
ribbon or cord to'a stick which will in their power to further our mis- glass at ..t Unequaled on cold
: frames,hot-bedsetc for
t 'hold eight or ten. These sticks are sion.. They received and treated us -FORGARDENERS PLANT BEDS.
I then taken to the shed and hung, up, most hospitably, and were unanimousin TOBACCO
care' being taken that they are not their sincere appreciation of your endorsed Promotes by hardy.leading rapid growers.growth.Also Used water-and

t placed too close so that the leaves will efforts to encourage their own as wellas proof covers for all farm purposes.

not touch one another. the, interests of the railroad com- U.Circulars S. Waterproofing and samples Fibre free. Co. (limited),
For cutting dry days are chosen, pany.Trusting. Largest and Best Stock in the South. 50 South St., New York.

C for the leaf must not show the least that some benefit may accrue SPECIAL LOW PRICES to large buyers. Sendus

I sign of dampness when suspended in from our efforts, we are, quote a list prices of what per return you require mall.and Descriptive we will A. OU DOC WANT BUYERS'A DOG GUIDE ,
the shed. Yours respectfully I Colored plates. 100 enffravtaffs
drying ,
Catalogue free.. I of different breeds prices they are
t # : About 60,000 plants are usually H. RANDOLPH KRETSCHMAR, I worth and where to bay them.]u
T. W. WOOD & SONS Seedsmen Mailed for 15 Cent
placed in one shed, and they remain W. MURRAY CORRY. ASSOCIATED FANCIERS,
until thoroughly dried or cured I, when No. 10 S. Fourteenth St., Richmond. Va. ((337 S.Eighth fit.Philadelphia*.
they are taken down and carefully The common mistake in dealing with
from the stalks and bundled. Malaria is to treat symptoms. The poison
stripped be in the system in large amount
The bundles are then ,removed to i may without chills and fever.: The evidenceof 17 Months! .for Only $1.00.

the sweat bam. its presence may be disordered liver, : .
While this portion of the crop is or stomach, or both; with headache ":4 '
second sucker is backache, etc. To get rid of all the
curing a or crop trouble at once, take a few doses of Shal-
t growing from the same roots, which is lenberger's Antidote for Malaria. It .
but little inferior to the first, and this cures all the symptoms by destroying the
,crop is cut and handled in the same cause., Sold by druggists.

manner as the first cutting. A third LUSCiOUS Fruits For Profit; -Health and Pleasure.
crop is also raised and cared for in the PIANOS, ORGANS & MUSICAL GOODS '.

same way.
The planter pays the laborer accord- Genuine Bargains. Fair Flowers For Pleasure, Health and Profit.

) ing to the yield and quality-from $8 :- .' .
to$10 per 1,000 plants, and it is only'
Sole In the South,for
in this way that the laborer can be Being Agents Choice Vegetables For: yHealth; :Profit ana pleasure.
induced to:give his fullattention: to the CHICKERING, MASON A HAMLIN, MA- : .
crop, as the Chinese fully understandthe
value of contract labor and the '
PIANOS, Fine Lawns For Beauty and Profit. '.::"
increased pay he can derive' from care- t -'> ,
ful work.

S For the purpose of fermentation, the ORGANS, Fruit Culture. Floriculture, Market Gardening. ,,Ornamental.., ,
i t bundled tobacco is put up ,in heaps, at and Window Garden.} All
'if) first in smaller quantities of 2,500 to MASON & HAMLIN, BAY STATE, Planting, Greenhouse, Conservatory .

If" 5,000 pounds, and later on, when the PACKARD ORCHESTRAL. are fully represented i in

+. fermentation has advanced further, ,
tI, Everyone given benefit of our one price system ; 1t-
and: the tobacco commences to show. and prices guaranteed lowest. Easy
uniform brown color, it is placed m terms of payment,and payment of freight as- ..: THE AMERICAN GARDEN'
sumed by us to Purchaser's nearest R.R.or
heaps of 20,000 to 30,000 pounds, after steamboat landing.VIOLINS .

which the sorting commences. r The leading Horticultural Journal of America. ,, <*'
Each bundle is opened and sorted,
$ and each leaf assorted according to l6r! Illustrated, Handsomely Printed, Ably .Edited. "Wrjten by practical

length, color ana quality. The sortingis GUITARS, BANJOS, AC- horticulturists in all sections of the United States and Canada.
done during the wet season of November CORDEONSand
and December.. In January 1B Adapted to the South, North, East and West.

of the plantations commence to all kinds of small Instruments offered at
many lowest prices. Send for our Illustrated cata-
press the tobacco in bales ready for logue. SPECIAL MONEY PRIZES FOR PRACTICAL ESSAYS.

shipment, the season for shipment ; )f \ ; .

running from May till June. The Subscription Price, $1.00.. year. From now to end of 1888 only
tobacco is taken from the coast in Artist Materials, ,', : '
small,barges, which hold from 1,000to Picture Frames, $z.oo. Specimen copy for 6 cents. '. '
bales and carried to Singa- '
3,000 Fine Pictures ; "
pore or Penang, where it is shippedper Fancy Goods. E.' H. LIBBY, Publisher, 751 Broadway, New: York.

steamer to Europe. ,,,, Albums, Stationery. Well Curbing and Chimney Flues
The Chinese laborers earn on an t
__ "
We can save money In anything IE .
and you Cheaper and Better than Brick.FOUNDATIONBLOCKS
average $6.00 to $9.00 per month MusicArt or Fancy Goods. Write us foi -s
industrious skilled men make even prices.

more than this. 1 Ornamental,Cheap and Strong. No skilled labor required.
The settlement of a plantation re- .
quires a considerable capital. It takes ,. ;,' FLORIDA STONE AND PIPE COMPANY,

m\825OOO.tQ. .,.. 30OOQ'. to work wit} },. ,'" '+" BQVANNAEIcSQA:; Omce W.West Bay' Street *" JackBonyJlle< ,JTa.? ,


LI :

F ,

_ __ ;; [SEPTEMBER 12,1887. .

The ,nurserymen of this State who applieda I KELSEY JAPAN PLUM
urBe '
} s right to use this method free next ON FLORIDA PLUM STOCK.
Three, six and twelve months buds; 2,000
.. year to test its merits. Must stop, two-year old. Some fruited,,this year. .
For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. although not done. Possibly Botan.Marianna.Purple Leaf and Simon's
you may O. B. THATCHER
Plum on Florida Seedling{ Plum stock the
STABTTNGBUDS.. spare time to make some suggestionsby best for all sections of Florida. Eureka,Peen-
of advice. Manager, To.Honey,best October and other Peaches on
Bending the Stocks Instead of Out- Florida peach stock. Japan Persimmon
: HENRY G LICK. San Mateo Putnam Florida. Grapes,Oranges,etc. Price list free. Inspection
ting Them Off Summit. Fla.,August31,1887! solicited. II
This morning I sent by Prop.Eureka Nursery Melrose, '
you express Profit In Fruit Clay Co.,Fla.
three citrus trees but had time onlyto t
The best varieties of the Orange and Lemon .
write a few lines. My object was LECONTE KELSEY, KEIFFER and other valuable and other Plums.Pears 25,000 and and other Citrus Fruits. The Hoffman Seedling Strawberry.

to show you what a vigorous growth a Apples on LeConte stock. All the valuable Choice varieties of the Fig,ol recent Intro This extra early and most prolific berry,
bud would make if the top of the bud. TREES Oriental, OLIVES and Southern, PRUNES.FrnlU. Nut CAMPHOR Trees of I dnction. now grown very extensively around Charleston -

ded stock was not amputated until the all kinds. JERSEY CATTLE JERSEY RED and Norfolk for Its great shipping quality
HOGS. The Cattley Guava,both the Red and Yel
Seeds of Forage Plants. Highest<< low. and Its handsome color and size,Is the,best
bud had grown large enough to con- quality,lowest prices. Valuable information
sume the in Illustrated catalogue free. berry now grown for the Northern market,
sap.I OHEBOKKE FARM AND NURSERIES, The Peach and Pear of the sorts beat adaptedto andhas: superseded all other varieties wher-
received letters patent on this im "Waycrosi, Ga. the soil and climate of Florida. ever introduced. I am now growing. a large
proved method of treating budded stock of plant that Is now ready for the' )fall

trees in 1886,and will briefly describeit WRITE Putt Hart's The Japan,Caoice Plum Bananas,varieties Grapes of,Pecans the Mulberry,eta trade. A'l parties wishing to try them will -

as follows: "How to Grow LeConte Keiffer, please apply to me for circulars,as will sell
After the tree is budded and readyto Bartlett, and Other Pearsin *1.08 alogue free on application.REFRaxciSCrosby them at a very low rate.OI.IyER.
grow instead' of amputating the the South." Free. &;Gowen Ban: Mateo; MOORE,
Hon. A. W. Lyle, San Mateo; W. J..Webb, [
top in order to start the bud, the top w. JENNINGS & CO., Palatka. 16 Blake Street Charleston,- S.-:0.:

is carefully bent over, so as to point Thomasville, Oa. --

downward, the bend to be made just Nurseries of Lake Weir Co. ORIENTAL FRUIT TREES A SPECIALTY.

above the bud, and is held in this po 'i Kelsey Botan and Ojraii Japanese Plums on native Plum Stncks.
wire hook bent thus- 100,000 Orange and Lemon Trees, Kelsey June Buds on native Peach Stocks. Peen-to and Honey Peaches. .
by a LeConteand Kiefler Pears their roots. Bartlett and other '
Our trees are very thrifty,three and four on own Quinces
*-.'. In most cases it 1S year old stock,%to 1% inch diameter,with LeConte roots. A large stock of Apples, Pears, Plums, Cherries, s ,
best to make the cross BUD one year old buds. Nurseries easily accessible Apricots and Nectarines. Address
the trunk below the bud thus: Catalogues.to Florida AddressE.Southern Railroad. Send for 'w. p. ::E3E1J:: : : .E3 '

.B.FOSTER,Manager Manager Huntsvllle. Wholesale Nurseries, Huntsville, Alabama ,
Bent in this the of the
over way, vigor diw21-1 Routh Lake WAIT_F,B.-
tree is not impaired the leaves (or
lungs) are there to perform their func Tree, GrapeVine ,

tions, the sap flows up and over in ,the Plants Strawberry Etc. KELSEY AND OTHER ORIENTAL PLUMS: 'j'jA

sapwood until it enters the leaves; Selling low at

there it parts with its oxygen and absorbs Willow Lake Nursery. "SPECIALTY. '
Descriptive catalogueand JAPAN TT3KgncjviMoiN'e; : ow NA/nvB noorr'& '
carbonic acid gas from the atmosphere price list mailed tree .
f and returns between the 011 application Address Also a full' line of Nursery Stock:of the most choice varieties adapted to Florida.
Sam H. Rnmpli.Marshallville >_R. 11. HIJRR, Proprietor, Bnrtow Polk County, Fla. : ,
bark and wood vitalized sap, like arterial Ga., .'. I f '

blood in the animal], and forms a Pears Grown from Cuttings. ;.. 7 i l-r. .:t p. .BOO !B, ;

new layer of wood and nourishes every LeConte Keiffer and Sand. Bartlett Law-' : DEALER :IN REAL ESTATE.

of the organism even the most son, Bekel, Smith and Garber on LeConte AND) PROPRIETOR OFSUEN
Root. Strawberries adapted to Florida, Ala= ; ,
distant spongeole; the bud bursts forth nan bama and and Noonan Georgia Improved.: Hoffman,Peaches Warren:, 'Noo-cen ; A :VISTA I '; NURSERIES, I : ': ,:

and numerous sprouts start at the to, Honey, Southern Beauty and others. SevefaTtfiou'sand acres of land"fdr'sale. Every Kind of Budded Orange and lemon Trees
bend, the latter are rubbed off and Plums; Kelsey's JapanMariannaandothers. all kinds of Seedlings,Japan Persimmon Trees etc., for sale. Trees will be carefully packed
Pot grown strawberries on special order only.A and shipped to any part of the State. 'Bearing Lime Trees at 10 cents each. -
the bud receives all the sap that can good supply of general Nursery Stock,at CLERTTTONT, LAKE COUNTY, FL.OUIPA
prices to suit the times byGEO. ,
be utilized and the
appear- GIBBS
G. ,
ance of a "water hoot," and needs no Tallahassee Nursery,Tallahassee, Fla VILLA FRANCA NURSERIES.LEMONS ;
Send for Catalogue.ORANGE
tying up to protect it from the wind. t "


two feet pinch off the end to !L. B., & C. A. SKINNER WOOD- : .. DUNBDIN, JfjLA.

make it harden up and throw out FORSummer ton.omizexs and: .Ipovrcler: ; BeIIQ'W's.. .
Among the advantages of this Planting.Budded IOUCKS & SKINNER, _d '' DUNEDIN, ,..i'LA.
method over amputation are the following A..
viz: The vigor of the tree is
Trees of Choice Varieties
not impaired. The bud makes a much (ESTABLISHED 1878.)
and in ;:to 1 Sour diameter, two year old buds. We import from Japan,where our stocK carefully raised in our Nurseries,Persimmon,
more rapid growth, consequencethe X1Jo Seedlings all s\zes. For sale cheap.A. Mammoth Chestnut, Plum, Loquat, Litchi, Kin-Kan,and other Japanese and Chinese Fruit, ft
budding season is lengthened more II. MAN JILL: Trees. Giant and,Dwarf Bamboos Ornamental Tree Shrubs and Bulbs. t
Jarkennvilte. V1.... We have purchased the Geo. F. Sylvester Seed House,at 315 Washington street, ,where we *
than month. If bud should
a a be will carry all native and foreign sped bulbs maKin? a specialty of Japanese Tree;Flower,
broken off by accident, a second or Vegetable and Field Seeds. Send for,new illustrated Catalogue. > ,
third can be inserted. The time and 315 and 317 Washington 8t,San Francisco,Cfll.,P. O.box 1501. ,
labor of tying up the buds to protect ; ,,' -

them from the wind is also saved. to the Soil and Climate ef \ SWITZERLAND NURSERY.Peento :."

If the nurserymen of this State FLORIDA ,Honey and Bidwell's Early peach trees. Kelsey,Botan and other .plum i. ,trees.
would generally adopt this method of Grape Vines,Blackberry; and Strawberry Plants. '-

growing citrus budded trees it wouldbe GROWN AND FOR SALE AT '. A Nurseryat: ; Your Own Door.

thousands of dollars in their pockets A specialty made of sending all kinds of trees and plants by mail, and safe arrival guar
San Luis Andalusia Nurseries anteed. Price lists free to all. Address ,?
and their would receive
patrons W. C STEELE, IHaiiaffcr,
much better trees, but I have made no Near TALLAHASSEE, FLA. Switzerland,St;Johns County;Fla.

effort to bring the matter before them, DUBOIS, Manager.Send .

and would ask your advice as to the for Catalogue and order early. Send, SHELL POND NURSERIES.
best mode. also,for Price List of j'"

I would suggest the following: If :FLORIDA WINES. ')
Peaches, Pears, Figs, ,Plums, Kelsey Plum and Other"Frults.Send < .
the Florida Nurserymen's Association .

more persons in whom they have con- as to culture., .I A S'. 1*. DcPAS. Archer-tJi> ,Fla.
fidence to co.i-e here this fall and examine Eo4Z __ -r'1J"'

my trees in the nursery and report o rn laz .''INXERLACHEN NURSERIE&. S

through the DISPATCH or other t'
{ Eustis, Lake County Fla., .
wise on the merits or demerits of my
method it would be to Offer for sale a stock of budded orange trees of all leading varieties including the ,*
- very agreeable Grows all kinds of Fruit Trees and Vines,
If said committee favorable Large stock LeConte and other Pears,Persim- RIVERSIDE IV A. V d 3L. :" "
me. reported mons, Peen-to, etc. Peach Seedlings cheap. Budded entirely from buds received this season from Riverside, Cal. Bldwell, Peen-to and
,and I am sure they would, Send for Catalogue. Honey Peaches,Kelsey and other Japan Plums. All home grown. Best native and foreign
W. W.THOMPSON, grapes including a large stock of BlackHainburg White Adriatic and-ntherfigs.tlPersim- .
then I would be 'willing to give all Smlthville,Ga mons,eu,. ,Price list free on application. -! -G.: H.4 NORYQ,'Eustis,lf1a.

12, 1887.] J -THE; FLORIDA DISPATCH.- : 769

. ,
1 '. ,
--------"-- p.' ::-- t
n* nw"Hfcr"


i Choice and Improved Varieties of Tropical and Semi-Tropical ,' t *Y

., ,, Trees, Plants, Bulbs and Flowers. A seedling of the Peen-to;by A. I. BIdwell of Orlando, Fla.; in quality best, sprightly
I 'f' Juicy and sweet; the only variety yet brought forward ripening with the Peen-to it is superior
Special attention given to setting and tending budding and pruning old toe. latter,in size and quality; it is not flat like the Peen-to but is a round peach of
I 9neftPlanting Lawns and Flower Gardens. All work guaranteed.We are also agents standard shape and.high color. The original tree the seed which was planted in the winter -
for Hnssey's Coulter Harrow and the old reliable brand of Geo. \V. Bakers Flesh, Blood and of 1882 is now; six Inches in diameter and has fruited finely the past three seasons,yielding
t Bone Fertilizer. All Inquiries promptly answered. Send for Catalogue. Call on or address, four bushels this season,the first ripening May 7th,to-day(May 25th)all left on the tree are
DUNCAN RRO, Clear Water Harbor, Hillsboro'County, Fla. ready for market._JAS. JIOTT, Orlando, Fla.

i The r Lakeland Nursery Company. FLORIDA-A.' GROWN PEACH TREES> ,.

Are now In readiness to forward a copy of their
? Kelsey, Japan Plums, Olive Trees, Oranges, Figs, lemons,Pecans, ..

S TMM: : iit :PR.ic: ::E: LIST By. the dozen,hundred or thousand,also a full supply of other Nursery stock adapted to '
Florida. and the Gulf States. Am now booking orders for Fall delivery season of ->-
TO ANY ADDRESS FREE ON APPLICATION. .. 188788. Write for Prices. Catalogue free on application. .". '-

Communicate with E..H. TISON, :Manager GLEN' ST. MARY NURSERIES; ",
f June.15,1887. Lakeland.Pol]k Co..Fla
G. L. TABER, Propr..Glen St.:Mary,Fla. *

: 'GaLn.es'VL1J.eu.rseries: : .'f 'BAY V-hE-W I NURSERIES.CHOICEST I .

: ''''''' '
NEW PEACHES A SPECIALTY. 5,000 Superiors, ripens in:May, size above medium Budded Orange and Lemon Trees
quality best of all. 5,000 Thomas,late,runs In September; single specimens have weigheda ,
pound. Bldweirs Early Wonder, new varieties will be found in stock. .
10,000 Kelsey Japan Plums; 20,000 LeConte Pears; 20.000 Japan Persimmons, 2 to 10 feet Tropical and Semi-Tropical Fruit Trees,Vines and Plants. Trees strong and well rootedand
high,and 100,000 Orange trees,of aU good varieties,will be sold CHEAP FOR CASH. especially adapted to -outh Florida.An .
Many miss it who buy elsewhere. inspection Invited. All Inquiries by mail promptly answered. Catalogues sent free
on application. R. D. HO View HiUaborougb Co..,FJa,,

Lemon. Lemonss. Genuine Navels. ROYAL PALM NURSERIES. try" -

., ORDER NOW, before our stock of Villa Franca Lemons is out. We have Just sold 7,600 ,
of this choicest of all Lemons for Fall delivery, but have some left. Our bearing Lemonsare
loaded. We shall ship in July and August and publish results in the"Dispatch." Rare exotic plants of all descriptions for summer planting. Rare and new fruits.

We>have also a.beautiful of the GENUINE Washington Navels,budded from one of Palms,Acacias, Agaves,Aloes, Cacti and,Flowering Plants. A general line of Citrus Trees
the ORIGINAL TREES we received from Washington nine years s nce. Also most all :
other varieties of Orange,Lemon and Lime. -i-.-***,_..*....,. ** and Nursery stock suitable for Florida. -..'.*V1
n The Double Imperial Navel and the Atwood's Seedless Navel we now offer for the first time Price of catalogue (of!93 pages)15 cents,postpaid. Mailed free to all customers. ...;
to the Florida We shall have for Fall and Winter delivery few hundredof '
r"t each of these varieties KEDNEY &" CAREY, Wirier Park, Fla. REASONER BKOS.' :
Manatee, Florida.
", ..,


Have on hand,and for sale a large stock of fine LEMON AND ORANGE TREES f

Budded and Sweet Seedling Orange Trees. Budded from tried and approved varieties, and on good healthy Locks ''t:

Also, JAPAN PERSIMMONS, tiE CONTE PEARS, GRAPES, and a general,lineTait
Stocks five and buds one,two and three years old. All the leading named varieties; well .
Trees suitable to Florida. Address .
and well rooted. %.j.< '
grown Peach and Nectarine Trees,Roses,etc. Bend for
descriptive catalogue before giving your orders elsewhere. AARON: \/v TT A-, ."CP'TIZI-Cw-CwT' Georgetown:> ., Fla.

L. W. LIPSEY & CO., Citra, Marion Co., Fla. Waylfi'fWtf .. ,

J ORANGES, Valrico LEMONS, For Sal by W. W. Hawkins". Son. Three Orange Groves Just coming' Into
Fomegran- Nurseries Guavas, bearing. 1st. One of 10 acres,containing about 700 trees. most of them bearing; also, 350
atesFlgs, Bananas, Peen-to Peach Trees,from which we have gathered this season 25 bushels of fine fruit,which
Peaches., TBOPICAIi AND SUBTROPICAL.neAD, brought high prices. Next season there should be 100 bushels,at least.
Grapes, Avocado PereAnona 2d. One of 6 acres,containing about 500 Budded Trees,many of them bearing; also,
Fears, about 6 acres of rich Garden Land,mostly muck, nearly all cleared ready for operation;
Pecans, Catalogue Free. Acacia, would make a fine Truck Farm.espeially for strawberries aand cabbages.3d. .
Oriental: Nerium, A Grove of about 600 fine Budded Orange Trees, bout 50 Peen-to Peach Trees In
Pe SimmonsW. G. TOUSEY, Caladium, bearing,good House for help 40 acres of land, mostly High Oak) Hammock. These proves
; Poinci na are all on or in sight of the St Johns River,and front the road from Georgetown to Fruit-
1 JLIBLES, Etc. Sejfner, ERllsborough Co., Fla. PALMS, Etc.MANVILLE land. Will be sold separately or together. A rare bargain. All the groves have a fine muck
bed. Call on or apply to W.W.HAWKINS & SONS.Lake George, Fla.


Ordbge Trees,from one to three years old,for planting during the rainy season. Citrus and Deciduous Trees, Rooted Grape

:Orders take!for all varieties of Fruit and Ornamental Trees,to be delivered the coming

Fall' and Winter. Vines and Cuttings. \:
F. 8. CONE, Proprietor, We make a specialty of Grape Vines of all varieties,and Fig Trees. Liberal discount. to
nurserymen. All inquiries promptly answered. Address
/ ...5 CRESCENT CITY, FLA. C. S. BURGESS, Manager, -

SUNSET HILL NURSERIES. Nurseries of the Milwaukee Florida Orange Company,

'"l I Catalogues,with practical. hints to new beginners, free on application. Our list include Dunedin, Hillsborough County, Florida.We .
F the. choicest varieties of the Citrus family grown. Also,
make a specialty of the DISTINCTIVE varieties of CITRUS FRUIT TREES,Including
: Peaches, Pears, Plums, Grapes, and other Fruits. Double Impeda ,Riverstdft (buds personally selected In California by a member of our com-
Our stock is one of the largest in the State. Thornless and Early Fruiting varieties pany) and Washington Navels,Maltese Blood, Hart's Tardiff, Jaffa, Du Roi,Stark'Seedless -
specialty. 0 ; ,etc.,etc. In Lemons we have Villa Franca, Sicily,Genoa,Belalr Premium and Eureka.
R.,W. PIERCE Also Tahiti Limes, Peaches,Plums,White Adriatic Figs,etc.,etc. Our stock Is large,com-
plete,well rooted,thrifty and clean. Special terms on arge orders. Catalogue free on ap
Indian Springs,Orange Co.,Fla. plication. Address A. L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla.

Peer Island Gardens and Nurseries '
.ock.s: ; :'Bran.ch 1Tiirserie. .
". yEt V K "
,.: <"' OAKLAND, ORANGE CO., FI A. LeConte, Keifer, Bartlett, Lawson and Ga. ,ber'"' s Hybrid Pear.. a Spe-;,
Pot .Grown.. Semi-Tropical Fruit and Ornamental Trees, Plants and cialty. ".'

Vines. No Loss in Transplanting. Summer contracts, Special Rates,will now be given., Address .
Catalogue and Price List Free,on application to the Manager. Address ; :(
{ ,
A. E. CHA.ltIPLINOakland MonticelloTFla.SOUTH
,Orange Co.,Fla.

; .tanLCnte: : ]N fur erie5. FLORIDA NURSERIES.Sixty .

thousand choice Orange,Lemon and Lime Trees for sale. Ten thousand fine Florida,
.A full. line of NURSERY STOCK ADAPTED TO FLORIDA, including grown Peach Trees,of the Honey and Peen-To varieties; also two new varieties,Hybrids of
all the Honey and Peen-To named by us Chinese King and hinese Queen. The Chinese King
Trees: ripens in May. The Queen ripens three weeks later than Honey. Our evening bearing oramge
i New Fruits and Flowering Ornamental will give you ripe fruit the year round. We have the genuine Washington Navel sent to.,us

Catalogue and Advance Price List Free. direct from Washington. Big discount. on large orders. J
H. L. WHEATLEY Manager,
Lake Helen,Florida.
i A1tRm nt4'.Orange County,,Fla.

' Established 1850. 200 Acres in Fruit Nursery.

The stock:of Fruit and Ornamental Trees specially adapted to Florida is doubtless the ADAPTED TO THE CLIMATE OF FLORIDA, INCLUDING
most varied In the United States. Many,,valuable additions have lately been made to the !. THE O It A. 3VO 33 AND 31,E .rON.:
lists of Fruits suited to sub-tropical sections. In addition to the usual large variety fruits in variety,other Citrus Prints, LeConte and Keifler'Pears.Japan Plums, Japan PersIma
we offer 100,000 Pcen.To. and Pallas Peach Trees also, Botan andi
otherOriental lloney ; KelseyJs, moB8 Figs,Guavas.Grapes,etc. -*: : : '
i Plums,Oriental Pears.Japan Persimmons,Grape Vinesf trn\v- '
berry Plants Our stock of HONe, Ever 'reeIl8. Palms, Acacias and flowering PEEN-1IP; and HONEY PEACHES A SIEClALTY.
shrubs includes everything of value for Southern gardens. A special Catalogue(No.4) "
' )J.published! for this branch of our establishment,and will be mailed free to all applicants. ". .f.A.) II."MANVULE'; &' -OO:;' : "

...;,!e dojiot employ apenta, ,8pde< your orders. direct to us and. avoid, .belnsc, imposed upon -Xakeland' ,''Polk: .,,County, ,' Fla.. and Dmyton Island*,"'PntnamCounVy/: -....-.... / ,
j r i. ..'. i < ';:., ::": : 't" : :.. ,,;;
; ;
;, 1'' ,, 4I
P '>,""I ,'!"' tlf.fSEPTEMBER :!,.;: ,: : <- ..: .
r-t,; :: :::;: .:<' .- '

'i:; ; .. ,-
7: .. .;J.r', ,


'; .' .; .. .' .
;. '; < 7' ,: (
\ -.' '. ; ,< i .,., .' ,
," -"

TIQ :/. ..h:, .... ,*',, ':aY'..:;:' ,ulalwx. .q ,. THE? FLORIDA: ';-DISPATCH.-.- "" '''''[SEPTEMBER124887.conn .

._ _____ __ _
-- -- u

$100, to: $3UU' A working
preferred who can furnish their own horses ( Standard Time.) ON AND AFTER MONDAY, May 23,1887, 830 a m,Trains *
and give their whole time to the business. MillS will leave and arrive as follows:
Spare moments may be profitably'employed GRINDING SOUTH BOUND. NORTH BOUND.
also. A few vacancies in towns and cities.
.. .. .
; : c4 ;: ,
'lI .ad
1 a r c llio CI
It. F. JOHNSON fc CO., '
rr. 0. c: cc '"
,1013, Jttaln St., Richmond, Va. FOBCORN ,gZ as 0 ..z 0 t ..Z 0 az ,cZ Sz 0 ;o a1Z "CS aQ '.

FEED o d dO ,. 10 e m a MdM
.5! d : z 'STATIONS "- :; ;
Dissolution ot Co Partncrslilp.Notice 8 : ..
is hereby given that- the co-partner-- MU :, GRINDINGTheBESTonEARTH Si m a:a.j: I i;; ; :a <
ship heretofore existing between Anthony &; r -
Young has this day been dissolved by mutual = Ply AM AM Leave--Arrive M AM AM PM A M
: ..R.R.SVbarf... ....
A. I3, Anthony retiring from the bus ? ?
consent 8 40n 500 10 i0 440 2 OU 8 20 1 00 85 I
iness. It will be carried on and managed It. o 4 40 _..Banford_ ,115 ( 5 345
T. Young. All claims against 3 8 50 448 518 1032 ,4 55 ....?.Belair.:'.?. 112 160 8 0812 48 518 333
the old firm will persons present having them to R.T. Youngfor Full Flouring Mill Outfits 4 ...... ...... _.. _...... ...... Crystal Lake111 ...... .. ........ ...... _..
payment and all parties indebted to the 1I i1 5 8 55 ...?. 5 23 ........ ...... _.Bents..?... 110 1 41) 8 oa ...?.? ...... _..?
said firm are; requested to maKe settlement Send for Circulars. Address 10 905 4)8;) 533 10 57. 525 _.Longwood. 105 134. 7 5012 rr: 4 58 310
with R. T.Young. 13 913 504 540 1107 543 _Altamontel02 121 7 :3712 30 430 258 .
A. R. ANTHONY. MUNSON BROS., 14 918 5) 07 5 45 11 13 5 55 _._Mayo....... 101 120 7 3012 26 420 2 60
R. T. YOUNG. 15 922 510 560 1125 610 Maitland ... 100 115 7251223 4,15 245
IL BOX 816 UTICA N.Y. 18 930 518 5.58 1140 630 .WinterPark... 'i11 107 7151215 400 285ID

Box 816. -'" ...... ..._ ...... ....._ .._.. .......Wllcox._... 95 ...... .._.. _..... ._... .:"
1 _u : ? 22 9 45 5 30 615 12 20 7 30 .?...Orlando_.. 9312 55 7 0012 02 3 40 215

.CHILDRHN'S DIADBM. HIATT'S AUTOMATIC FRUIT SIZER 25 ...... ...... ...... .... ... ......_Gatlin?.... 90 .. ...... ........ _.. ......
26 9 55 5 38 6 25 12 43 7 45 ....Jessam1ne._ 8912 40 6n: U 49 3 00 152

i, Z1 958 .... _... .Plne Castle... 8812 :37 ...... ........ .__.. NN? .
NEW SUNDAY-SCHOOL SONG BOOK. 3010 05 5 45 6 35 1255 8 00 Big CyJress... 8512 30 6 25 11 42 2 48 140 '
By ABBEY & HUNGER. 34 1015 5 57 6 60 A M 1 13 815 _.McKl non_ 8)) 12 20 613 11 32 P K 2 82 125 .
40 10 30 f6 25 7 05 6 00 130 8 55 _Kissimmee. 75 tl210 6 001120 9 00 215 105
By a happy tboaght, the above endearingname 44 10 40 6&1 PM: 610 PH ...... ...*Capmbells N. 71U45 AU 1105 8DO px1240 :
was given to a book containing the last 5210 940 631125
58 652 633 ..Lake Locke 1044 825 1208
compositions of Mr. A.J. Abbey, a good com- 571115 702 642 1002 _.Davenport... 581115 1032 810 1150
poser of refined taste, a child lover and successful Awarded the first Premium at the South Florida 61 1125 710 652 1017 ...Haines City. 54 1105 1022 755 1135 '
teacherwho has recently passed away. Exposition. Send for description and,price to the 681142 724 710 1105 ..Bartow June. 471053 1007 735 11.10 '",
This new collection of the sweetest of children's Patentee.THOMAS H1ATT,Leesburg! Flo. 7211 5.1 731 720 1125 ...Anburndale. 4310 40 954 7 05 1050': '
hymns and songs Is likely to be received 77 12 0.1 ,7 38 7 03 11.40 ?.tFitzhughs_ 3810 28 9 44 6 50 10 35

with great favor.3Sets. 83 1218 752 t805 128 ....Lakeland..... 321015 9 30 6 32 1010 '
., 83.GO Per Dozen. 9312 43 812 8 3.1) 120 _.Plant City.- 22 9 53 9 00 5 45 9 25 '

Jehovah's Pral e. L. O. EXKRSOK, is an VILLA SITES FRUIT 98 12 53 ...... 8 50 ...._.Cork.._ 17 9 38 ...... 5 25 ......
entirely new and superior book for Choirs, 103 105 8 32 9 05 205 ..??.seaner.?.?. 12 9 Z1 8 85 5 08 8
Singing Classes and Conventions. A large 105 1 12 38 9 22 215 ....... Mango...... 10 9 22 8 20 5'00
and attractive collection of Sacred and Sec- LANDS 109 1 20 8. 9 33 ...... ......*Orlent..??. 6 915 ...... 4 48 1-..401 .
ular music practice and Church Service, 115 135 9 00 950 255 Ar Tampa Lv 0 900 800 430 f
Anthems and Hymn Tunes. PH PH AM PH AM PH PH

Price 81.00, 89.00 Per Dozen. HUNTING DOGS *Flag Stations. Trains No.and 6 leave from and arrive at J.,T. &: K. W. Depot. JNo. 8. .
and 6 Daily. Nos.1,2.4 5,7,8 9,10,27 and 28, Dally except Sunday. Train No. 6 will stop
Voices of CilAS.
Praise Rev. L..HuTCniN8
4 at Plant Lakeland\ hartow
only City Junction,Kissimmee and Orlando. Nos.2 and 3 stop
occupies a high place In the esteem of those AND at Kisslmmee for launch No.stops at Lakeland for Breakfast. No. 8 stops at Lakeland t
who need a collection of music of conve- for .
nient size, ,not difficult and of moderate FANCY POULTRY Tickets sold at all regular stations for all points North, East and. West. Baggage
price, to use in religious meetings' and in checked through.
Sunday school iservice. Everything is dignified -, > ,
and In good taste, yet there Is spirit Pemberton Ferry llrancb.-S.F.R.R.
and brilliancy throughout. Please exam- AAD A: MCfcS Sanford and Indian River Railroad.
Sou h Bound North Bound. 't, /'>,'
ine.Price MANATEE FLA.,
40 cts., 94.20 Per Dozen. Read Down. Re8.d.Up.

BOOKS MAILED FOR RETAIL PRICE. Notary Public and Justice of the Peace.. m F'st Ac. F'st Ac. m Dally except Sunday. "' U
M'L &Ft STATIONS. M'l &Ft ot
: :
19. 21. 20.' 22. = South Bound. North Bound.
H. DITSON & Co.,867 Broadway. Y. Has for sale one thousand acres of choice ,
-- -- -
laud on Manatee river, in sight'of Manatee Read D wd. Read'Up.IPas. .
P.M. A.M A.H P.H.o ,
:= andIS "
Braindentown. Ellenton and Palmetto, CIO Pax. CIO
5.00 7.00 LvPembert'nFery Ar 9.50 4.5057 G) I' G)
Direct from the
Buy Factory, manuracturers"agent for Wire Fencing. 1 5.04 7.05 ...._.*Fltzgerald...... 9.45 4.45 56 :ot &Ft STATIONs.. &Ft ::'"

and Save Money. Poultry Netting, Lime, Cement Fertilizer i I 3 5.10 :..... ....._..... *Onole .. ,... 9.40 ..._ 54 25. 24. U : =
and Plantation Supplies,Cracked Corn and 6 ...... _.. ,.Bay City.. .. .._ ...._ 51 - -
"P'1 Special for.the Soutb. Rice, Gra mlated Lime,Hock and"heli.; Cat- 10 5.25 7.35 .q'........... *Macon.Owensboro.. .... 9.zJ 4.15 47 ....... p.m a.m _....
tle and Poultry freed ground to order In 12 5.35 7.43 ......... .......... 9.15 4.07 45 o ....... 5.50 Iv..8anford ...__ar 8.00 ...._ If'
****** ***
also breeding kernels of acclimated ZJ 6.10 8.45 ......._Richland............ 8.42 3.18 31 5 ._... 6.10 _.... .?.Rutledge...._... 7.32 ._..N 13
71 Laverack and Irish tiers, Irish Bull Terriers. 32 6.30 9.15 ... _.Teddervllle.. 8.22 2.4025 7 NN... 6.20 ........_....Clydes. .. .... 7.20 _._ 11
Slow-ttail Bloodhounds and Colorado 37 6.45 9.40 ...?....... Kathleen.. 8.10 2.20 20 12 ....... 6.35 ?....?.C11t'ton' .........en 7.03 __ 6
t Catch or Tiger Dogs (for-wild hogs;bear and to 6.50 9.52 .......*Griffln's Mill 8.0.3 2.0817 13 _... 6.43.. ....TuskawllIa.. .. 6.55 N.... 5
'V1A tramps). n x'.2010.30; ..........Lakeland..-...... 7.55 1.5514 17 ....?:. 7.(11 ...........OVIedo...._. 6.40 _._ 1
y OUR POULTRY YARDSare 51 7.4511,00 ...........Haskell........... 7.30 1.00 6 19 ....... 7.15 ar..Lake Charm..iv, 6.20 _:_ 0
57 8.00 11.20 Arrive-Bartow.L ve 7.15124 ,(0 J t ..
well-stocked with freshly imported male
t= birds which are mated with carefully selected Bartow Urancli.; -Dally. JSo.8-At Lakeland with train for Bartow,
J at Bartow'Junction with train for Bartow.No. .
hens of our own raising each variety being
I South Bound. North Bound. .11-At Bartow Junction with train from
i allotted'tO separate enclosures a lorty-acre bas- J Pas. Pas m Pas. Pas.No. Tampa: at Bartow with train from Pemberton -
Eggs carefully packed in
orange grove. &;Ft ::" f+ftl'ATIONS. ::'' &Ft No. Ferry, Florida Southern Hallway for
kets at following prices: amend
11. 13. 12. u. Pnnta
White Leghorns (Knapp's), Pit Games 12-= train
NO. At Bartow Junction with for
-- -
((Heathwoods), Plymouth HOCkS (Hawkins),
off, Game liatams Shouldings) Light Brahmas : : P. M Barton Ar OM40: Sanford.No. .
( 145 7.40 0 J'nc17! 7.110 13-At Bartow Junction with train from
Williams) Rouen and Mnscovy Ducks 81.00
( ,
1 12.00 7.00 5 Winterlivn 1210.25 6.55 Tampa.No. .
per thirteen. 12.20 8.12 .Eagle Lake 8110.05 6.3. .14-At Bartow with Florida Southern
Claiborne and Cuban Games,Silver
t' Cochins and Crested Golden Polish Laced, \V.F.Seabrlghts Black Spanish and Imperial buff- 1125 8.40171a. Bartowwly\ 0 51 8.0. 6.201 with train train from for Punta Tampa.Gorda; at Bartow; Junction' t'

No. .15-At Bartow Junction with trains
White Pekln Ducks $1.50 thirteen. ,
from Tampa and Sanford at Bartow with ..
Crested Black Polands Houdans
White No. 1-At Sanford with People's and Florida Southern Railway for Punta Gorda.
Wyandottes(Prestons), Langshans (Crouds), DeBary-Baya Line Steamers from Jackson No.16-At Bartow Junction with trains for 1
T ".! :PO"CT& Boneys Brown Leghorns.2.00 per thirteen. ville, and J..T. & K. W. train from Titusvllle; Tampa and Kissimmee.
and Seminole $3.00
Bronze Turneys, per Junction ''train for No. 19-At Pemberton
at Bartow with Bartow; Ferry with Florida
nine. at Lakeland with train for Pemberton Ferry. Southern Railway train from Gainesville; at
Booted Whit Cuban Carrier $1.50
CRESCENT SHIRT Pigeons, No.2-At Lakeland with. train for Bartow; Lakeland with train for K1 lmmee. ..
per,pair at Bartow Junction with, trains to and from No.20=At Bartow' with Florida Southern
Bartow; at Sanford with People's and De- Ball way train from Punta Gorda-at> Lake
$IICLIDUIe LIRER CCUAR AID NFFS. Bary-Baya Line Steamers for Jacksonville land with train for Tampa; at Pemberton

It is a source of wonder to shirt wearer. HAVE YOUR and J.,T. &; K.W. ti ains for Jacksonville andTitusville. Ferry with Florida Southern Railway for j
that we can sell so fine a shirt and 4-ply linen collars Gainesville and Palatka.No. .
and cuffs, which retail anywhere" for $1.50 or No.3-Has Pullman Sleeper and Through .21-At Bartow with Florida' Southern
$2.00,for so Iowa price,and pay Coaches without change between Jackson- Railway for Punta Gorda.
besides. The ville and Tampa. Connects at Sanford withJ No.22-At Bartow with Florida Southern
h reason vre can offer such a bargain NURSERY -:'i CATALOGUBS ,.T."& K. W. train from Titusville; at Bar- Railway train from Punta Gorda; at Lake
is, that we manufacture tow Junction with train for Bartow; at Tampa land with train for Tampa:
In large quantities, buy goods on Mondays Wednesdays and Fridays Connections are made at Tampa by the
forccufc and you buyat factory b with Steamer Margaret for Manatee River, Limited West India Fast Mail,both north
price, thus savin and on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdayswith and south bound,with the elegant and commodious .
profits, that of the Jobbed PFI.rrEJJ: : : : : :) Plant Steawship Company's ships for Fast Mail Steamships Mascotte and

,Wholesaler and Retallei Key, West and Havana.No. Whitney of the Plant Steamship Co.,to and
I and when we have a customer .6-Has Pullman Sleeper and Through from Key West and Havana,and with steam
I I once we have him always.These BY THEPrinting Coaches without: change from Tampa to Jack- er Margaret for all points on Hillsborough
1 |shirts are made of the finest sonville. Connects at Tampa on Tuesdays, and Tampa Bays and Manatee River.
f Wednesdays and Saturdays with Steamer Passports can be applied for through any
muslin Wamcuutta&ndUticaNonpareil the bosoms are of extra I>aOC.>ST..A. Margaret from Manatee River,and on Sundays Notary Public,and Notary's certificate thats
_. heavy hand-made; Irish linen in Tuesdays and Fridays with Plant application has been made!,when vised
all sizes from 13 to 17,buttonholes hand.made.When Steamship*Company's ships for Havana and by the Spanish Consul at Key West,will an-
ordering collars please state style wanted,whether and Publishing House. Key West, swer the purpose of a Passport.w.
standup or turn-down. We have so much' confidence No.7 At Lakelana,. with train for Pemberton MCCOY
in that Ferry. Gen.Freight&Ticket Agent.
our goods, if you any .
cause not tatisfied, tre will cheerfully your ---- .

vionty. Try them once and you will buy no other. Best Work at Lowest Prices. PANOOAST
For $4.80 we will send you: six shirts, six & GRIFFITHS
4-ply linen collars, and three pair 4-ply linenruEfa. ,
For $2,60, three shirts three 4-ply I
linen collars: and two pair 4-ply linen Cu" '. ";". ." ,. FRUIT AND PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANTS
For $1OO we send one sample .shirt one WRITE FOR ESTIMATES ,
pair 4-ply,linen cufa and one 4-ply linen collar Address; ,,,'."' ,,..', .. ., '" PHIIiABELPHlA. ,' .

by rnalL,post-paid.CRESCENT Address SHIRT, CO., ':,,:}' WAS;f W'DaCOSTA.; Inaugurators,of the Ventilated system: ? ,of,shipping Strawberries, from Florida(without Ice).

%.Spruce St. New York Cll.ra, : ,,' :,,': .' :, l ACxsoxpilGis. ;,. Reference. ; Qur Ac.p't 8aes} end !chock= S Saturday,for Avery shipment, closed out that week.




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'. ,( TIME. T jfc ',-FOB R.A.IX.'W.A/k .



Savannah New York BOSTONAND All Trains on this..Road are run by Central Direct all-rail route between Jacksonville,
Philadelphia Standard Time. Green Cove Spring, Palatka, Gainesville
/; Ocala, Leesburg, DeLand, Enterpr Titus
and between Boston ANDPHILADELPHIA. Passenger Trains will leave and arrive dally
vine Sanford Mt. Dora Tnvarep Winter
and Savannah as follows: ,
1 Park, Orlando,Tampa and southern Florida.
MAIL. Time table In effect June 27, t 1887. (Central' '
65 to 70 HOURS. .
Arrive Jacksonville...........?........._12:00 n'n standard time. A means a. m.: P means p.m.)

e r Leava Jacksonville.............................. 7:0ir a tti
Arrive Waycross......_..............._._- 9:18 a m GOING S' RUTH.Lv .
Ocean Arrive Jrsup..._ .............._..........?...10:32 a m Jacksonville from S., F. &W. By Station.
Steamship Company Arrive Savannah......................_..-12:00;p'm Cuban
Arrive Charleston.............................. 4:46 p m Pass. Mall. Pass.
(Central or 90 Meridian Time) Arrive Richmond..................................6:51 a m Daily.
Arrive Washington......._..................11:30 a m STATIONS. A. M. P. M. P.M.
PassRg-e Rates : Arrive Baltlmore............._............_.12:40 p m Lv JacksonvJ1le....._._.. 8:00 12:00 3:4-
Between Jacksonville and New York, 1st class S21.75; Intermediate$16.75; Fxcnreion: $13.-0; Arrive Philadelphia............................ 3:10 p m Orange Park............. 8:00 12:5f4:18
Steerage$11.75. Arrive New York..........................._ 5:50p!m Gnen Cove Spring.. 9:05 1:2-1 4M
Jacksonville and Boston, 1st class $25.00; JExcuMon $13.50; Steerage$12.50. Pullman Buffet Cars to and from New York AI" Palatka...?_....._. 100 2:11 6:53
I'HE Magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows and Jacksonville and ullman Sleeping cars Lv Palatka....................10f6 2:15 6:00
to and irom Jacksonville and Tampa. Pomona.........._....... 10:40 6:34
FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK ltuntingtonCres.C{ ) 10-1)1 6:45

CITY OF SAVANNAH,Capt. F. Smith. ... ..,......... Friday,September 26:00 p. m u Seville .............. ..._... 11 15: 3:10 7:10
I TALLAHASSEE, Capt. Fisher ............ ...... .. Monday, September- 7:30 a.IC NEW ORLEANS EXPBICS DeLand JunctIon. .. 12:'8p 3:52 85
CHAT PAHOOCHEE Capt. Daggett... .. .... ...... ...... .. Wednesday September 78:30 a.mNACOOCRE Arrive Jacksonville............................ 7:45 p m
Capt/Kempton, ..............._.............. .........?._... Frida, September 99:30: a. m Leave Jacksonville......................_.. ..00 a m Ar DeLand (DeL lty... 2:25p 4:1U: 8:20
CITY OF SAVANNAH,Capt.F.Smith ...... ...... .'.'. Monday,September 12- 1:00: p. m Arrive Waycross......_..?........._..... 9:18 a m Lv Df'Land (DeL. Ry)?. 11:59a 1:55 7:40
CITY OF AUGUSTA._..._...._......_......___...__.Wednesday, September 14- 3:00 p. m Arrive Thomasvllle................__... 1:22 p m Lv Orange ChI' ,.lunc._ l2:20 4:01 8:18
TALLAHASSEE Capt. Fisher.-..... ...................... Friday, September 16- 4:30p. mCHATTAHOOCI1'EE Arrive Bainbrfde.................. ........... 3:85: p m Enterprise Junction. 12:32 .:12 8:31
Capt. Daggett..... .............:. Monday,September 197:00 a. m Arrive Cbattahoochee................._..... 4:04 p m \Ionroe..........._....... 2:39 4:18 8:38
NACOOnHEE Capt. Kempton .... ,..................Wednesday,September &30 a. m Arrive Pensacola via L. & N.R.R......Jir.10 p m ,Ar,$anCord ...__ ............ 12:52p 4rop 8:48
CITY: OF SA ANNAH. apt.Smith. ..... ..................Friday, Sept mberZ1-10:30a. m Arrive Mobile via L.&N.R.R............ 2:15 a m A. M. P M.
CITY OF AUGUSTA, '.apL Catharine ...u..................MondayR.ptember26-1:30p m Arrive New Orleans! via L.t N.B.B... 7:10am Lv Sanford _........_. 9:00 5:00
TALLAHASSEE.,Capt. Finncr ........................Wednesday. September 28- &:30 r. mCBATrAHOOC Pullman Buffet Cars to and from Mobile AI' &>rrento.?.N................_ 10:12 5:57
E, Capt. Dagpett ..... ..0......................-.Friday, September30- 5:00 p. m and New Orleans via Pensacola and ; 1\lt Dora.............?..... 10:32 6:13

t FROM: SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. AI Tavarl's.............._.... 10:48: 6Z7'

. GATE CITY Cat E. R.Taylo-..........:......_.............. .........Thursday Septer ber8 9:30 a. m Leave Jacksonville.A. C.."LINK.......EXPRESS...................... 2:05 m AI' Enterprise_.?.:......_ 4I,
..s CITY OF MACON,Capt. H. C. Lewis...............................Thursday, September 154:00 p m Leave Callahan................................. 2:47 p m Lv Enterprise ..........._. ..:00 .
ATE CITY Capt.; E. R.Taylor............_.... .-...._.....-..Thur day, September 229:30 a.m Arrive Waycross............................_... 4:40 p m Osteen..N..NN.! ....... 4:55'". ,
CITY OF MACON,Capt. H. C. Lewis.-............................Thursday, September 29- 4.00 p. m Arrive Savannah....'........?................... 7:58 p p m Ar Tltusv111e..._... ........._ 6:32

w FOB PHILADELPHIA. Arrive Charleston.--?._-....-.....-.. 1:25 a m .Lv Sanford lSO Fla Ry). .. ..:10
Arrive Wilmington...........................-. 8.25am Ar Orlando...?_._::....... 6:32
[These Steamers do not carry Paa engen.] Arrive Weldon..._................ .. ..... 2:40 p m U Kissimmee ............... 6:15
4 IUNIAT, Capt.. Askins...........?.-.._-.........._.._;...?..__......SaturdaySeptembers- 6:30p. m Arrive Richmond. ..............---..*...*...... 6:00 p m U Lakeland .............._ 8:00:
DEaSQC'G( capt.. N. F.Howes...._......._.._......._.....-..Saturday, September 10-11:00 a. m Arrive Washlngton. .........._.............11.00p: m Ii Bartow..............__N .8:<<>
JUNIATA, Capt.Aekins-....................._.._....._...._..-.-Saturday, September 17- 530 p.m Arrive New York ....*....._....._...... .. 6:50 a m Ii Tampa (SoFIa Ry__ 9:10 .
DESSOUG Capt. N. F. Howes...............?.....?...................Baturday,September -11:30a.m Pullman Buffet Sleeping Cars from- Jack. Lv Palatka (Fla So Ry) 10:05a .......

." sonvllle to New York. Ar Gainesville _........N_ 12:29

THESE PALACE STEAMERS, Ocala ....._...,....._.?. 1:18
'cnne-cting with the Savannah, Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line) EAST FLORIDA XXPfiXSf. Leesburg..... ......__. 3:15
Offer to the Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line. Arrive Jacksonville ....-...........-.-.... 9:45 a m Brooksvllle_........?... 6:40
Tnrongh Tickets and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North East and Northwest Leave Jacksonville............-............_ 4:15 p m GOING NORTH.
via Savannah. For information and rooms apply to Leave Waycross.................................. 7:20 p m
HENRY YONGE, Agent, C. G. ANDERSON Agent, Leave Gainesville ......_.._....__.... 3:45 p m Cuban 1\Ian. Pass. Pus.DaJJy. .
Pier No.85, North River New York. City Exchange Building Savannah, Ga. Leave Lake City..................*... ........... 325 p m .
Y RICHARDSON & BARNARD,Agent, Savannah Pier, Boston. Leave Live Oak...-.............._............. 6:55 pin STATIONS. P.M. A.M. A.JI.
W. L.JAMES Agent, 18 S.Third Street,Philadelphia. Leave Thomasvllle...........----.10:55 p m Lv Tampa (SO Fla RR).. 8:10II :
J. D. HA8HAGEN, Eastern Agent, Sav., Florida A: Western By.Co. 261 Broadway Y. Arrive Albany........._.?...-......._....*. 122 am :Lakeland ............... 9:00 ,
C ..'G. M, SORREL. Gen. Manager. H. B. CHRIST A I, Soliciting Agent. Arrive Montgomery via Cen. R. R..*. 726 a m Bartow........_._.. 6:00
.For" Tickets apply to 8., F. & W. Railway office. Arrive Mobile via L.&N.R.R......*.. 1:50 p m Ktsslmmee.__......... 11: 6:25 11:40
Arrive New Orleans >ia L. &N. R.R. 7:20 p m U Orlando ..........__... 12:25a 7:10 12oop
Arrive Nashville via L. & N. R. R.?. 7:05 p m Ar Sanford:) (ISo Fla R R 1:00 8:2D 1:1&
E. X. L'ENGLE.: w.A. DBLL. Arrive Louisville via L. &N.R.R.._ 2:12
a m Lv Titusville._...**.... 11:28a
Arrive Cincinnati via L. & N. R. R... 6:30 a m Osteen ............_.._ 1l2p
STATE BANK OF FLORIDA. :: Arrive St. Louis via L.&N. K.R......... 7:35 a m Ar Enterprise_...__ 1'JSSp

Pullman Buffet Cars to and from Jackson- Lv Enterprise ?...... _... l:37p
Safe Sale. ville and St. Louis via Thoraasville Mont-
. Deposit and NashvilleEAST Lv Tavares_. _........._ 7:00 U:40a
Open ,Daily (Sundays and )Legal: Holidays excepted). Banking hours 9 a. m. to 3 p. m. gomery Mt Dora........ ..._.__ 7:13 11:f)7a)
Safe Deposit hours 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. TENNESSEE EXPRESS. Sorrento*...._...___ 7:38 12:17p
Arrive Jacksonville.....................NN 725 a m Ar Sanford .... ....... A M 8:25 l:30p
'Fire :and Leave Jacksonville........._....._. 7:00 ? .1111
Burglar Proof Boxes for Rent $10 $15 and $20 Year. p
per Lv SaDCord_..............._. 1:15 8:20
Leave Callahan.................. ...._........ 7:40p m .
DOUBLE COMBINATION AND TIME LOCKS. Arrive Waycros....*......*-..............*....'9:30 pm U Monroe. .......__ 8:40 1:<<
w. lf' BAKER, C..Iller. HEN BY A. L'ENGLE,13amager. Arrive Jeeup-..._.................................10.57 p m Orange DeLandJunction.City Junc...._._ 1:48 8:59 2:02
ArrIve Macon via E. T.V.& O. R. R- 3:50 a m 2fM 92 2:13
Arrive Atlanta via E. T.V. &G.R.H. 7:20 a m Ar OeLandDeLandRy( ) 9:00 2:27
Arrive Chattanooga E.T. V.& 0.1:3ip m Lv Df-Land 8:55 1:6

2,500,000 ACRES OF LAND Pullman Buffet Cars and passenger coachesto Lv Spring Garden..... .. 2:19 9:31 2:80
{ a and from Jacksonville and Chattanooga. Seville.....- ... 3:02 10:09 3:10
SAVANNAH EXPRESS. Huntington (CreB C) 3:26 10:29 3:31

FOR BALE BY Arrive Jacksonville.. ...?........_5:30 a m Pomona.....*..?._...... 3:38 10:40 3:41
Arrive Gainesville. ........?....._..........10:30 a m Ar Palatka .._..?_...... 4:15 11:12 4:14
Leave Jacksonville..._..................... 9:00 p m ,
THH FLORID SOUTl H N BAIL WAY OIPAlfY Leave Gainesville.._..................?....... &45 p m AM AM
:Leave :Lake City.....*...*..........*............ 3:25 p m Lv** LeesburgFJa( So Ry) 10- 5
Leave Live Oak_.._....._.................... 6:55 p m Ocala........................ 12:43j
, S SITUATED IN THE Arrive Waycross.............*....., ..N........1145 p m Gaineavllle.._.......... 6i 1:30
r Arrive Albany via B.& W. R.R.....*.*. 5.-CO a m N. 10:40 4:10
Arrive Macor via Central R. R.*....*.. 9:10 a m Lv Palatka.......?......_?. 4:17 11:17 4:19
Columbia Bradford Putnam Arrive Atlanta via Central R. B..*..... 1.05 p m Green Cove Spring._ 5:21 12:19p 5:16
Clay, Alachua Levy, Marion, Orange, Arrive Chattanooga via W.&A.R.R. 7"-5 p m Magnolia _?..........?. 5:23 12:22 5:18:

Sumter Hernando Arrive Savannah...__...........-.......-... 6:10 a m Orange Park....._._ 5:58) 12:56 5:48
Killsborough, Brevard, Baker, Polk &: Manatee, Arrive Charleston......?N............--11:40 a m Ar Jacksonville...__ 6:30a l:28p 6:20pThree

Consisting of the finest Orange FaiLiing Vegetable and Lands Pullman Buffet Cars Jacksonville to Cincinnati .
Grazing in the State of Floe and coaches
ida. Price 1.25 per acre. and upwards, according to location. Chattanooga.through to trains between JarkftonviHe and San-

4' For further information,apply to Office Florida Southern Railway Co., Palatka! ,Fla. Pullman bleeping Cars to and from Jack ford.Tampa.The No change. of cars between Jacksonvilleand
sonville and Savannah.

3.. N. WILKIE, W. P. COUPEK, and Through Tickets sold to all points and by Rail the arrival 12:30 p.of m.the Cuban fast fast mall mall from train the North awaits
bteaneshlp connections
and only at the andat
bergs stops principal stations
Chief Clerk and Cashier checked through. Also, Sleeping Car
,Land Department. Chief. Engineer and Land Commissioner.. Lemon street Palatka, making connection
and sections secured at the Company's Office
TWENTY YEARS ESTABLISHED. in Aster's building 82 Bay street,and at Pas- Havana nt Tampa on with: steamers and for Key West and
Monday Thursday evenings.
senger Station, and on board People's Line
Steamers H.B. Plant and Cbattahoochee and Pullman Buffet Sleeping cars are attached to
F. A. PE: =I..ETT. .. DeBary.Baya Line Steamer City of Jackson this train from New York through to Tampa
and to 8:00
vllle. WM. P. HARDEK p. m.. train from Tampa through to
[ Fruit and Produce Commission Merchant. General Passenger Agent. Washington.
Direct connection is
made at
Q o VT/PVTT3 RnpAr1nti jdt]t. with
Florida Fruit and Vegetables a specialty. No. 234 North Delaware Avenue (below Vine the Florida Southern RaIlway to and from
Street). Philadelphia. Consignments of all kinds of Fruit and Produce solicited. Returns Gainesville,Ocala, Leesbnrg and other points
promptly) made as advised. Stencils and market reports furnished on application. reached by that road. Also with the St.Johns

Reference: H.8. Kedney Winter Park, Fla.; A. H. ,Carey. Orlando, Fla.; L H. Lawl'eDoe and Halifax Railway for Ormond, Daytona.
Winter Park, Fla.,and the trade generally in Philadelphia and New York. At Huntington with stages$ for Crescent City.
Fancy K Poultry. At Oranage City Junction with B.8., 0.C. fc
A. By for Lake Helen find New Smyrna. At.
Monroe with Orange Belt Railway Apopka

PO-VVEJB.S CO., MONCBIEF POULTRY YARDS, and reached Oakland. At Sanford for all points
by South Florida Railroad.
GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS IN P. O. Box 381 Jacksonville: Fla Steamer leaves Titusville for Cocoa, Rock-

W. W. FUNDBICH: ledge, Melborne and intermediate Ir lings
on Indian River,at 8 a. m,Monday,Wednes
FLORIDA I FRUITS J AND VEGETABLES. White and Brown Leghorns, Light Brab- day and Friday.' Returning, leaves Mel-

mas, Plymouth Rocks, Langshans. and bourne,at 5:30 a.m., tuesday, Thursday and
*" no-tlcewiil .
I goods sold of arrival and check and sales sent on that day. Give 'trial Wyandottes Until further furnish Saturday.
met' day us a ship- Eggs from the above varieties at 1
:*> ..'. | pre City ticket office,northwest corner Bay and
i524 Street Richmond :t"'< ::4 thirteen, delivered at Exprest office. Hogan sts. L.C. DeKiKO, G. T. A.
Mai8 Va.h.
Mention DISPATCH. M.MoAN,Gen. Supt. P. JU
".,".'.,.1< ; Y,., !' -...rcu'-.....z '

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, 772 .' .. THZ FLORIDA 'DmP ATOlL-- j [SEPTEMBER 12. 1837.

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It,t r The tartest and Meat C&mplete Est.*-- CLYDE'S <'..-
, -
nsl1.e.l SOMtk.L .

.5 SS .New York, Charleston & Florida.<


s 45th YEAR. m M Ha BM MB ''.. ;

The Great 'arm.Industrial and, Stock Periodical .The elegant. Steamers of this Line are appointed to sail ..
'of the South It embraces in Its con- .. ".' Jacksonville'
Front .,
tltueiicy. the intelligent,progressive and sub u S
stantlally successful farmers of this section; ,< Every Thursday, as follows:
and as arf advertising medium for the Mer- -e ,
chant.Manufacturer. Stock-Raiser and Professional Steamer CHEROKEE..... .............. ..,..*..... .........Thursday,September fat;3:00 p.m
; Man Is absolutely unequalled. Space SEMINOLE ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ..-......Thursday, Septets ber 8th,8.-00 a. m
judiciously employed in Its columns always CHEROKEE ......................... ..... ...... ... Thursday,September 15th,2tfO p.m
remunerative. By recent purchase now SEMINOLE...... ..uo..............................Thursday,September, 8:00 a.m
combines: The Dixie Farmer, Atlanta Ga.; CHEROKEE........H..........-...................Thursday,September h,2:00 p.m
the Plantation,l\IontgomeryJ.Ala.; the kuralSun Geo. S. Hacker & Son From Fernandina, Fla.,

Nashville Monthly,, Tenn.Savannah;' The Southern Ga.; Southern Farmers MANUFACTURER OF Every Sunday evening after arrival of F. R. ft N Co's trains, as follows:

World,Atlanta Ga.; the Phoenix Agriculturist DOORS SASH BLINDS Steamer DELAWARE........ ...... ........................ ..... ,......Sunday, September 4th
Marietta, Ga., and unites the patrons of MOULDING YEMASSEE ....................................................Sunday, September 11th
these with its own large list'of subscriberS'; II DELAWARE...................................................Sunday, September 18th
The press and people all testify to its great And Building Material. YEMASSEE.. .., ............ ..........un'...................Sunday. September 25th
merit: as a medium for controlling Southern
trade. Subscription one year in. advance,, Office and Warerooms, King op. Cannon St. All Ships sail(torn Fernandina after arrival of afternoon trains of Florida Railway and
postage paid, 150.; Sample copies sent free. Charleston, S. C. Navigation company.
Advertisements: per line,30c. we go to press Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 29 E. R., New York, every. TUESDAY and FRI
the 2>th of each month preceding our date. Farmers' Wagons and Carts DAY,at 3 p. m. Tuesdays'ships for Fernandina and Fridays' ships for Jacksonville.
Address The Freight and Passenger Accommodations by this Line ars unsurpassed. Every attention
THE CULTIVATOR PUBLISHING CO., will be given business entrusted to this Line. Direct all shipments from New York via
? P.O. Drawer 8,Atlanta, Ga. If you want a first-class Wagon or Can CLYDE'S FLORIDA LINE, Pier 29,East Kiver.
Cheap for Cash,call on For further information apply to
SAW Fernandina Fla. Jacksonville 88 W. Bay St.,Jacksonville.
Jacksonville,Fla. THEO. G. EGER,Traffic Manager: AVM. P. ClYirDE Sc CO., Gen. Agents,
MILLFOR Omce, H.Berlack'fe Store, East Bay Street 35 Broadway,N. Y. 12 South Wharves, Philadelphia,Pa.,35 Broadway, :!rd.Y. .-
farm Wagons from..............$35.00 to&2.UO Y'-
darts and Drays from .. ....:.._._...SZ'>.OO to tS&orOli ( E TADI41 HED 1575.

$ I Isprevcd CItes

THE MONEY.: Warranted ehole .proor.I GRAIN GARDEN SEEDS
for Xllufltrated Descriptive Express prtpa"WtDa lit ,
RICHMrt i iiiixA. prizes in IheSUtes and For-
I MACHINE WORKS. elm Countries. *weighed] ANDFERTILIZERS S I :
8800 lb..Bend for desert ptlon .
Beautiful New and price of these famous I .
Upright bOg also fowls. THE .
Piano Rosewood L. B.BLLTCa CO., a.Tekmd, a|
Case,only 1185. antecd If these,have bops we are not really the solution eholera to proof the,problem as iraar vZLL.JA1\lI: :: : : .A.. :EJOUEI.S.:: ';,

Hew Organs only Uow to banish hog cholera Write for oar (Successor to J. E. Hart,) <.'-'-

coo Greatest Bar tloulare, and investigate and mention this__paper._. 20 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.

rains Ever Offered. TRAVEL VBA handle none but the Best and most Reliable Seeds. My new Catalogue will be sent rue on.

:Established 8 years. *"" Through Trains with Dining application. Also, Wholesale Dealer in

For Catalogues,address Cars, Pullman Palace SleepIng .
I Corn Oat Flour Grit Meal BranWheat
Cam Piano and Organ Go, s Burlingfon I Sure Cars connections, Modern In Coaches.Union , }

'V'MhIn.'toDN.J.'"'-- ,u.s.A I I- 1 Depots with trains at its from terminal and points to the, GROUND FEED, SCREENINGS; COTTON SEED MEAL, Etc. '

East, West, North and iouth.
EVERYTHE FARMER Cheapest Best and Quickest

BEST HIS OWNIs i 1 Route Sty Louis from,to-Chicago Peoriaor I. E. Tygert & Co.'s 1 Star Brand Fertilizers

,DENVER, ST. PAUL. ; ', ',,,-" .Guaranteed.. flL Analysis. '

For Tickets, Rates,Maps,&c.,apply to Ticket Agents ;MURIATE OF POTASH, JP SULPHATE .POTASH,
of connecting lines, or address
1st V.P. 0.M. 0. P. c1 T. A. Prices application. July 27 tfFORRESTER'S '
I/ fi For handsome Illustrated Burlington Route Guide on .
.r t Boole send'0.postage to the G. P. &: T. A., Chicago,IlL
For handsome Illustrated Burlington Route :rt. eV ::L. '37tY' an.: ,P 1:1.:: e 1. p s ,

Guide Book send 4c. postage to the G. P. &. T. .. SANFORD FLORIDA.
A ,Chicago, 1 u. -
.. ---- _. ... SELLS
WE HAVE h AD32tearsExpeilencet
:;=;;::: [ 1\1"VA"* :,l<.: OL D. CHEMICAL MANURESPREPARED

UMth*Hftlladar. Standard Geared Wind Hill I.X-L 1 lot in Keuka, near P. O...,. FOR "r.....' .
C 1..ti,Shelter and I.X.Li Iron Feed Mill aDd do Jour.h.lllaf 1 lot in Keuka, on Lake....... ,.- 15 Oranges Trees and other Fruits and Plantation and Garden Crops,
and fHnding M borne thus saving toll and teaming to and ........ ... .
Bostwick. 100
40 Acres
Tr*. the Grin Mill This work can be done ralll)!.windy dive, near SPECIFICALLY: PREPARED FOR EACH CROP. .
trbL, out-dobr work It suspended OB the Farm. The anw VIUl. 10 Acres fruit land at Keuka......-... ]100
will cut soya stalks,MW wool, ,ran churn and grins-senL pump No Vermin-Feeding Compounds used in'the Manufacture of these Goods c
rater,eta. 10 Acres in town of Keuka 300
Wa ro nnf.eture the HalTodar Standard Geared, and 5 Acres Peaches and Pears 600 tne best and and these meet the want.
'pnjnptBff Wind MlUsI-X-L Corn Mtellvrd.LX-L Iron Uranges, The highest grade goods are cheapest, goods Many
Feed Mitts. I-X.L Stalk Cutters Horse Pi>".r"Jacks. Small Grove and House ( .... 700 years' tests find them to-be all that is claimed for them. References can be given but it is ;
Saw, T.Mu,Standard Haylo Toots,eonEiitlng Aiiii-FrlcUon, ED. HUMLEY, { nice. Fla needless! where goods arA swell known. It can be truthfully said that these are the standard
t3erer.tbie.Swivel and Rod Hay Carriers,Harpoon ani OrrpplnllorM <
slay Porfci Pulley and Floor Hooki. Also a hit lime of
'Talt.,TQk Fistnrei and Pumps for Farm Ornamental,YiUagi DEPARTMENT the Peace. F. M. COOPER
and utility purpose*. Send for catalogue and prices.JltUable ENGINEERING It. T. YOUNG, Justice of Notary Public.
Agents wanted in ttnamigned territory.V,8. / LJNIYERSITit.DlInetcoutsesof
.WLNO EXCISE A PC31P CO.,Batavia,111 Civil,.Meckani- 13, .A.c es .
eat and Mining En ineerxgAnnval J
tuition$65], and in Manual il the best quality of heavy oak, hickory and cabbage hammock.having miles of river and
eoo ACRES. 13 v Technology IFreej. Full Faculty. ',
bay fronts and best water protection I Ip Florida. Especially .
facilities Entensive in dranghting-rooms equipments adapted to Florida fruits and vegetables.;
TREES AND PLANTS boratories, hops and field practice.Session k _0 _
opens Sept.21 &. Iq C t9a
We trade and fine stock g m t.4 p ;is
offer for the Fall a large For circulars address 11=
of ererr description of FRUIT and Ornninentnl I WIL8 WILLIAMS, Bnrwar.Ma : i
..' t: .u "" shrubs,Plants VlneH. S31ALL.FUtJ'rs. ] hirllle, Tenn. G) i N s+s YOUNG & COOPER, !gEt.g&!a
Hedge Fruit t/reeKeed-/ ; gu q llsl3 !l
cedCataogae '
and ForC"lIIt.Tree Seedlings. ; IIG ,
Fa.U of 1881. ma.i1ed'free. &tablWttd 1862. ye m1 g = Real Estate Ai eats ; "t
PABLO BEACH.0 g q "osm_g ::; <: ao: : ::
tao .G.). 0 aeJ .... t Pnma
81b1l:1: TLTTLK A('U.hoprleton,BUXmiKtiTUS,ILIr = A.c e' Fla. : m II a
t Palmetto Manatee Co. ;
,... -0- ==s GI () ::=:: CD
-- -
Jacksonville and Atlantic R'y.co. = o; .GI.. 0 S .4 CSO-tt
M 0 Q.p
H. CHANNON CO. IN EFFECT SUNDAY, MAY 15, [887. b* e f '?
% Town property improved and unimprovedIn i
EASTWARD.8 all the towns on the Manatee River. Beautiful river and
Canvas Covers No.5'No.7 No.9 bay fronts Pure salt water. Oysters, fish and clams. Lovely building sites
;I A.X ..A.1 P.JI, P.JI P.X on mainland!' an i ,islands. :Yachting unsurpassed. Correspondence solicited.
Lv Jacksonville6:30! 9: 2:30 5:A 6:30)) '
FOR Ar Pablo_._... ':7:1510:90:> 3ro 6:2J, 7:15

Wagons Stacks Eta No.8 No.l 0
No.2 No.4Noe
-... Supplied in Car Lots.: .
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Cotton Ducks Lv Pablo.._.. ... \ 4:40 5:35, 9:00 '
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Ar Jack80nville. 6.25 6:301 1 9:45 PUT OJ aJN" BAGS OR DA.RnE :

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All Weights and No;; 1 runsMonday only Trains 2,3- "" ""
TENTS AIL KINDS.'ldths.. 4 and 5 run daily. Trains 6 and 7 daily exceptSunday. Cheapest Fertilizers in....Use _' ,
Trains 8,9 and 10 SundayonJY. ..
Boori;Catalogue sent tree. ,JULIUS HAYDEN, Direct: shipments. Guaranteed analysis Price and Pamphlet free. Address.' '.?

22 to 23 klaricet street, Chicago, 111. \ Superintendent. Q CHAS. 8TEVENST Box 437. Napanee, Ont., Canada.-., ',
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