The Florida dispatch
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055757/00080
 Material Information
Title: The Florida dispatch
Uniform Title: Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: The Florida Dispatch Line
Place of Publication: Live Oak Fla
Creation Date: July 4, 1887
Publication Date: -1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Live Oak (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Suwannee County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Suwannee -- Live Oak
Coordinates: 30.294444 x -82.985833 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1876.
Dates or Sequential Designation: -new ser. v. 9, no. 3 (Jan. 21, 1889).
General Note: D.H. Elliott, editor.
General Note: Published at: Live Oak, Fla., <June 20, 1877>-Feb. 11, 1880; and at: Jacksonville, Fla., Feb. 18, 1880-Jan. 21, 1889.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 5 (May 8, 1876).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038464
oclc - 01386590
notis - AKM6254
lccn - sn 95026759
System ID: UF00055757:00080
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1887)
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

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A JournwBf A = .ricuIture. : C Hbrtfcii'"liune: Industry & Immigration

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CIa.......maavllletsu;} Pro p ri"etors., 'J.' $5 Ja ekeeiivl;: le,' P1,1 Monday, July 4, 1887.. ( ..E.tabU.f1eclI889.

JBI. .. _________ _tNe._ 0 Series: Vol. 7, No.87.0 '

< M-" ,
{ PRICES..'J THE- LOWEST.. ,-. .. R. N. ELY TR,0.E. A.E.McCunuc,' .oo
BEAUTY ; Architect

1 Stoves, V Crockery, ELLIS & MCOLURE

\'F3of' Tin-ware : China,. ,
5 k I t'Ie\ 5 c alp t ; -'. ,,, 4 >' jf y .V 3. Chandeliers, Architects and Civil Engineers,
4I : I,," I.A Granite; Ironware; '.' _w..... L r 1) Lamps Plans,Specifications and Estimates for build:
RESTOREDTOOTHING \ OU Stoves Ings of all kinds,Sanitary work,..etc.
.. '' .t ';, AND"B. rnerS,;Chimneys;' mShyerware Rooms 7 and 8 Palmetto St..
: t .. th *: P.O. Box 785
: by (. ,:, ,, ,..". .' : .r ,-u"ti'' ;: :/'. Gas Fixtures. Fla.
.C uTI C'u"' .,.' '" House Furnishings,. ., ; ;'. .OOMoANY I Freezers, ti..... '
: r '
f ReMd I e S"" T a bl'Cut!'ery, :. :'s: '; ; ,"L Refrigerators', SEVILLE.I' :

IS KNOWN TO SCIENCE AT '" '.. ', i \\t _:" .:, =<, != v Gate City Filters,
"iall comparable to 'the CUTICURA REMEDIES Fire Dogs,. JACKSONVILLE. FLA.' Dinner Tea and This growing_town Is the principal statloa -
the J. T.& K.W. between Palatka ..,
!In their marvellous properties for %, f on By and t. 't'a.:;
_- Cleansing,purlfsisagandbexuttfymgtheskin: Baskets and warel ,:, :,: Ii'" T9.iletSets. Sanford,83 miles south of Jacksonville It ia.
und in curing torturing,disfiguring,itching, r, on the high pine ridge on the shores of Lake 9. )
and diseases of the skin Louise,and Is surrounded by a fertile and settled
Ucaly -pirnply .scalp Particular, Paid. to Mail .,Orders. '
and blood, with loss.orhair t l..r L country., It has a-compllete system of
_ CUTJCUBA* the great akin fure.and GUTI-- waterworks and,sewers In operation. ,

mEA SOAP,an exquisite Hkin Beautifier,prepared f V ROCKWELLJ& KI N'_ >/ $-- &.:...'-So. _......SQTEL.BYILLE--t .' _.
from it,externally,and CUTICUBA HBspLYKKT o st.Sacc > '
L the new"Blood ,Purifier,internally,' J:". '.I" ':' "" ;::':'::'.. sotS tovNIclioli; ; RockariwareSteve _U..C wholcsaleudRetaJI": ,: :" '. ,' Captained"publlo i and prlvate'bath.roc)1't"'i1.bUllard )' ;
room eta; .
4urea.'T posUlyeurafori lmpies\ to scrofula.vreT5yWritTOf. CUTICURA 31swrttorn REMK-i .,. Kfrase, FurnisWftg. i ;l fields, Grates. Mantels; Paints i Lots and acre property for sale on reasona
and the infallitle ble terms. Settlers and and investors are requested
DIES are absolutely pure Oils Saddlery, Guns Ammunition Etc.
skin beautlflers and blood purifiers. to visit the town: Address
iSold everywhere. Price CUTICURA, COc.; .Parties, town or out will do well to1 call or- send for our catalogues and prices of any SEVILLE COMPANY Seville Fla.
REsOLVE,It t tBoAp.25cu; Prepared by the ', goods they may need in our line. Prices lower than ever. Mason Young, President, SSWa118t., New
CHEMICAL CO., Boston York R.H.Mason,Sea&Treas.,Seville,Flrf
FOTTEK DRUG AND; 38 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
;jjB -Send for **How to Cure Skin Diseases.: -

HANDS 80ft as dove's down,and as white,




GRAPE VINES, Offers Choice Fruit and Vegetable Lands near transportation for Investment or Cultivation., Chills :
Certain Market for Farm Produce: Attractive Sites for Homes; RaUroad and Dally Malls. Fever .*:
Also Town Lots at San Pablo and Atlantic City on the installment Pj&n If desired. Address. ; :.
Salted to the'Soil and Climate of lAS. M.FOAMIER: ,President,over Bank of Jacksonville,or W. B. GltANT.SHpt., ....
San Panlo.lj'orlda.

will Cure the 1 Most Obstinate Cases ". .
i i.-1 IJLJL ji JTT jj imimn -
Luis and Andalusia.NursorleyearTQLLAIU1 V REAL ESTATE EXCHANGE, ,: : /:UT '.=*. FOR' SALE J BY DRUGGISTS.' .w

..,> EFLA:: :'d ,+ ::
sB .; Has for sale choice Lota Orange Groves and Wild.Lands. Allows interest on deposits, Col'lecta
| 'DU BOIS, Hanager.for Rents and Interest,Negotiates Loans,etc. : R. A. ROBINSON& CO.,

J. C. GRFJEI/EY, President L,. D. HOSIKFR, Treasurer
ISead, Catalogue and,order early.. Bend, _.' LOUISVILLE, KY.. : .. ,

also,foi;Price List ot' '. i.,. J' li. BUILD I 1 I I. I N G MAT E R I A'L: : ..; .- -


-- FRONT:PRESSED BRICK;..........................'..................'......810.00 per 1000 F Poultry .
GOOD FLORIDA ..' ...,..........:..:.......................:........... 0.0O !* ':
OLDLEXINOTOM Lime,,Plaste J'- Lath, Cement,Hair,Fire,Fire Brick, Fire Slabs,Fire Mortar. MONCKIFF Jfot/ATRY YARDS.
AMll ;" TYSEN SMITH & CO., 12 West Bay St. P. O. Box 381, Jhckflonvllle. .F1., .";,A
\ ,. 0 m w. FJSNDBICH; -- 4-
White and Brown Leghorns Light Brah.l ,.', '
KY.,, L'Iiao Bra entown Real Estate Age ncy.: mas, Plymouth Rocks, Langhams, Wyan- ."
: .. dottes and Pekln Ducks. Until farther.no-,
tegnippedhchoolintbeStatelaxeommodstiofS ? "'! V- s lice,will furnish Eggs from the above varieties ,
WWict1T iint-clUJI;heated by steam and U of: EDGAR ]f. GRAHAM, ; at$1 per thirteen, delivered at Express 0'"
t nly;two rlft..C"ed:young ladies teachers.to the Session room t begins splendid 2nd f&eUlty Monday Attorney,at Law, Real,Estate Agent and Justice of the Peace, office. .
exp< Mention DISPATCH.
lafieptember. For particulars,or Catalogue address .Braideato, Manatee Co., Fla. "
,J, 9",.AXXBBSONj Prel.t Jrext ngtonj XfT .. Will 0 buy and sell all kinds of Heal Estate on commission. Eighteen years'residence In Jo
_.. '
---- T Manatee County. Personal knowledge of most of the lands throughout the county. As a
practicing Attorney,and as County Judge fora.number of-years,I have had occasion to ;
t* become familiar with many titles and the County Records. Having been continuously engaged PENNYROYAL PILLS
,all these years,In the actual cultivation of the principal fruit and vegetable productaof
% this semi-tropical section,gives me advantages in the selection of the various qualities of "CHICHESTER'S! ENGLISH.
lands suitable.. l\taps's.nd. Abstract a furnished. Titles examined and.Deeds. executed. Infomatloa :- The Original and Only Genuine.
jfewfeiHerblUt furnished. Correspondence solicited. eate aD4521ra,.ReU&hIe.) B w* fw.rtkI**.ImltedoIn4ieent i.
Braldentown is the south bank of the beautiful Manatee
JNOTE.- situated on River,about Me to LADIES. A.k lour Dranlit Jar
ur---j thirty-five miles south'of Tampa. Has daily service by the elegant steamer Margaret. Ad, MCklehert EAcl1>ud take M. __.Of'&>JOM b. ,
Wlated wi aD n Terstty. ___set. Jacentare the lovely Terra Cela,.,Sarasota and PalmaSola Bays teeming with all kinds a: tump *)to v fix p rticoUrt in left r by vttturm ...u.
adtnatageB In every Department. Splendidnew build*I fish,clams and oysters; and here on the Gulf coast are the most beautiful building sites Ic NAME 2118Maaddl..ooabdas reeJP1 V
Ins.Ample. fcnlty. Uosic,'ArtCatUth.address nics.Healiisr.eb1EO..w.r.i'Ri01t,1. ,,I I I the world, with thousands of acres of hammock and pine lands,where tropical fruits and by Dru .tn ererrwber' Ask tor "CJa1deia a.,Pa.EoM ;"'

Nl dlie."fi choice vegetables may be grown to perfection. &-.. .Peaa7J'V1a1..PIlla.' Tate se eta.. ,.Vi. _

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4 f A seedling oft Peen-to;by A. I. Bidwell, ot Orlando, FIn.; In quality best, sprightly,
1 ,CONTROLLING, rior to the latter In size and quality; it Is not fiat like the Peen.to but Is a round peach at-
standard shape and high color. The original tree,the seed. which was planted in the win....
ter of 1882 Is now six inches In diameter and has fruited finely the past three seasons,yielding-
Acresof four bushels this season,the first ripening May 7lb,today(May 25th)all left on the tree are-
3,000,000 ready for market. JAS. JTIOTT, Orlnndo, FIn.

the. BlchestlLands. in the State.' : FLORIDA GROWN PEACH TREES
'". ,.

w':. : .. f:.'' ,: :Kelsey Japan Plums, Olive Trees,Oranges, Figs, Lemons,Pecans,

Representing all..the.,' .. ,.!';:: By the dozen,hundred or thousand,also a fall supply of other Nursery stock ad pted to
I 'f Florida and the Gulf States. Am now booking orders for Fall delivery season of
Disstot eS 1887-bS. Write for Prices. Catalogue free on application.
,Comps) = ,
: i '( -. *-.;',.ILKiaiimiw :;, '.. "". GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES,

i 'Land Coaap&ny ':" :('., P, G. L.TABER, Propr.,Glen St.Mary,Fla.
,'''..'.' ... ,.,,.
r ry.r IY L J AND .;:"::!' } :: :
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South Florida R. R. 'Co's Land CHOICEST VARIETIES OF ,
:"' .
.' --.; 'Of "' .. ". ,j, P Budded; Orange and, Lemon Trees,

-:,'. Consisting of beautiful Lake 'Fronts,High and Low Hammocks,first-class Pine Land for Tropical and Semi-Tropical Fruit Trees,Vines and Plants. Trees strong and well roote4
,.,,:'-triage. Groves,and rich reclalmtd lands for garden'purposes. .', and especially adapted to oath Florida.An .
'< :: .:.:."I, inspection is invited.. All inquiries. by mail promptly answered. Catalogues sent free
'. -, .....' ..."'.,," I."..( t. ,.'. ..> ". nn application. R. D. HOvf. Ravvi,.w. HliUborongh Co.. Fla. -

," -. Oran..ae Greve., .,';::":" :-<,. i.;'. :.: ROYAL :PALM NURSERIES.

: (::' -
,: -.' }t"JI.t i ,... : ,"p."" t ', ... Y.t if"r :It ,:;(,." "Our new Catalogue of Rare Exotic Plants, and general Nursery Stock,is now ready

1:" : :rJ' ',:' ., .." And Improved Truck .Farms.. .. .. ," ,_ : __ b Price 16 .
'' ._.. Postpaid.
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'" (Mailed tree to all customers.)
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0 "' %. *'.*.>. -", ". ', j Manatee, Florida!
: '. .:.:. ;,.,I ,i '" '"'**; /. r. '.. "_ -
.. Send for Price and Description List:* .' : '' ,
',,; ..< 4'i f --
':\! : Haven handjandjfor.sale: ; a large stock of fine
,, Budded and Sweet Seedling Orange Trees.

,-,Refer., to-this paper.. Kiscimmee, Orange County, Fla. Stocks five and buds one,two and three years old. All the leading named varieties; wen
:" grown and well rooted. Budded Peech and Nectarine Trees,Roses,etc. Send for
descriptive catalogue before giving your orders elsewhere. ,
: The Lakeland Nursery Company L. *W. LIPSEY & CO., Cttra, Marion Co., Fla. -

.Are now in readiness to forward a copy of their ORANGES, LEMONS,

:S'-o. :M: MER.: :RICE: : LJ: : ST Pomegranates,Figs,- Val V rico Nurseries, Guavas Bananas, ,

drapes Avocado P'rii,
Communicate with E. H. TISON, Manager. Anona,
Jane 15,1887. Lakeland.Polk 00.,.arIa. Pecans, Catalogue Free. Acacia,
Oriental' -. ? erinm
Plums andPersimmons TV. G. TOUSEY, Ca'adlum' ,
G-a1n.es-v1J.1e N erie: PAL11Isi na,
LIMES, Etc. Seffner, Hillsborough Co., Fla. Etc.

-' NEW PEACHES A SPECIALTY. 5,000 Superiors, ripens in May, size above medium AND PLANTSADAPTED
.quality best of all. 5,000 Thomas,late,ripens in September; single specimens have weigheda FRUIT TREES, VINES
pound. Bldwell's Early Wonder,and five other new varieties will be found In stock.
to,olo Kelsey Japan Plums; 2MX/0'LeConte Pears 20/03 Japan Persimmons, 2 to 10 feet TO THE CLIMATE OF FLORIDA, INCLUDING
high,and 10"',000 Orange trees,of all good varieties,win be sold CHEAP FOR CASH.
Many miss it who buy elsewhere. The cir 1+ia ;a iiad. LeD:1C: : .

In variety,other Citrus Friuts, LeConte and Kelflfer Pears, Japan Plums, Japan Persixa-

.l emons Lemons Genuine Navels.ORDER mons. Figs,Gnavas,Grapes,etc.
NOW, before our stock of Villa Franca Lemons is out. We have Just sold 7,600
of this choicest of all Lemons for 111 delivery, but have some left. Our bearing Lemonsare H. MANVILLE: & CO. ,
loaded. We shall chip In July and August and publish results in the"Dlspatrh." Lakeland Polk County.! Fla." And T r yton Inland, Putnam County, Fhu
We have also a beautiful lot of the GENUINE Washington Navels! ,budded from one of
the ORIGINAL TREES we received from Washington nine years since. Also most all
other varieties of Orange,Lemon and Lime. MANVILLE NURSERIES.Budded
The Double Imperial Navel and the Atwood's Seedless Navel we now offer for the first 11me .
to the Florida.Orange Growers.. We shall have for Fall and Winter delivery few hundred
.Of each of these varieties KEBNEY' & CAREY:, Winter Park,.Fla. Orange Trees,from one to three years:old,for planting during the rainy season

Orders taken for all varieties of Fruit and. Ornamental Trees,to be delivered the coming

Fall and Winter.


Budded from tried and approved varieties, and on good healthY locks. -

: run Trees suitable to Floraa. Address, ., SUNSET HILL NURSERIES.,

ON-"C7C7"..A..J ::e, Cleorceto vv.a., P.a't Catalogues,with practical hints to new beginners free on application. Our list Includesthe
May. 18'83 tf choicest varieties or the Citrus family grown. Also, .
>..<.,' <' Peackes, Pears, Plums, Grapes, and other Fruits.
''/ .- ,
W:' ,W. HAWKINS <,fc; .SONS" ,.1'-" .. -. --. c' Our stock. Is one of the largest ,in the State. Thornlesa and Early Fruiting varieties> especialty.

. R. TV. PIEncE '
PROPRIETORS OF THE Indian Springs,Orange Co.,Fla.

Lake .G-ec>rae Nu.r.er:1e: II

Vlll have an exceedingly fine lot of trees for the coming fall and winter's trade,especially Deer Island Gardens and Nurseries,
of the Ktv.rsideNwril. The buds of this variety we imported from California ourselves!, 1,
and know that it is genuine. Also a fine stock of Tangerine,Hart's Tardlf,and the 8AKLA..NB, ORANGE CO., FJLA. ,
other leading varieties. And last,but not least,the Bidwell's Early Peach, which is Pot Grown Semi-Tropical Fruit and Ornamental Trees Plants and.
going to be the paying Peach in the State. '
Send for Catalogue to Vines. No Loss in Transplanting. '

W- W. HAWKINS & SONS Catalogue, and Price List Free,on application to the Manager. Address
George,Fla. ;
t Oakland,Orange Co.,Fla.

( IS,Year,Established.WHOLESALE -

:" G-w 'B. nte '1..1r&erl.e: s.

A full line of NUKSERT STOCK: ABAPTED TO FLOIIIDA, incltuling. ,

,,. 168 Reaae Street, New York. New Fruits and Flowering Ornamental Trees
Consignments solicited and Returns, made promptly. Stencils. and Market Reports fir- > ; ,
'Blfthed on application. ,.: Catalogue. and'Advance Price List Free. : ; .j.,
'.REERSxcas-ChathamNatfonaiBank H. L. WHEATtEYAltamonte'Orange.CottntyjFlato> ,-
,ThurberWhyland&Co.New York Cit ; .' .
l'" Banks and established. Produce Merchants ot New York,Philadelphia/Baltimore: and Boston :..v
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.1 : :: ':: .THE FLOfliBA DISPATCH

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right} beside them, will average five cuflurist speaks of its success in fertilizing men
Croiied Orchard boxes,each. I th blossoms.* Mr. Saunders suggested Let us now proceed l to' judge auplo

; ,.... .. ; .... t While in Tallahassee> I received a the same, thing when at my c.. of'oranges by this "scale of
: : .F;:;: O'; :' ; ., ;:: and be trusted.
letter from gentleman residing in place last' February: and, as the tm quu.ith-gtl see jut can
..fi.JpiIUae; ,FfjOttinA IJ8fATC; Illinois) who has a place, I think, near. were in bloom, I am under the impression The first specimen is in
#iIC.r p' .;1 '.libJ: ANEL. ." ) ,....\ I'i Crescent City, and he, stated) that his: he tried it At all events, ,t. General V perfect and scores lOparts
;', ,rl'-e.' .. .. Size .appearance. .,... ..very.large.co" 1. .....
{ .
; bearers in fact he' limb and fertilizing
: Navels did taking
t > single
Washington and Parsons Alike were good ; : t Weight .. .. .very light.. 1. .....
".. : r* 2, ;; ** .j< 1 1 could see no difference: between them : the 'hlo!soms from a known bear Smoothness of peel rough ... ". 1.. ...
'" I ... ....
; Unprolffic. of Peel .medium. 5.
i) ',j.! "n and his ordinary varieties. It is such 1 I ing tree. The result : not an orangeon Thinness Absence of Pulp '. pertect.U M ..
d J :After an absence .,of tver two evidence as this that confuses us the limb, and we give it up. Juiciness.. ... ..... perfect..... ** 10......
)! Sweetness .. .. perfect .. ** 10. ...
'ifionths,1. I again '"sif under' my own The reader may remember that fl.: S. 'V ILLIAltfB. VInous flavor perfect . '* 10. ..
., ..... .. .. ..
Seeds '.medium. number 5
Vide,ami} fig 1reeFo the past (wobouis about the first of April last, the fact ... .. .. 4
., "' .....
\ the from .,, V. 63.
was telegraphed country For the FLORIDA DISPATCH.THE
I I have_been J looking) over I ,
NewfYork; that.two car: loads.of River- ':. NAVEL CONTEST. The second specimen is in
of the, DISPATCH received during General perfect and score 10. ... ,.
my side Navel oranges from California had .. '. .'."; Ble. ,.. .appearance.. .:. .... .perfect .. 10. . .
absence,.and white I find many articles arrived,_ and were sold, at'-$7.00 1 per= Florida vs. California-:-Let the Judges Weight .. "" .. .:: perfect .. ", 10 .
.,. N 10.,. .
r :of'great interest,yet none more so box. Note the price Wishing to Choose their own Rules Thinness Smoothnessofpeel.perfect.of peel. .perfect ... 14M 10. .
Defects of the Florida Absence of pulp. ... perfect.,. 10. ..
tniui the controversy r '(of the. "Navel" test the" Riverside Navels, I gent an '' r Juiciness ..._..... none'. ..... II 1 .', .
; order to my commission merchant in "Scale. of Points." Sweetness .. .. .. ...none .... ., 1. ,.. ..
orange;: qUf tJpn. As I have had an Venous flavor .. ..none ..... '! I... ..
York forward box. Ina
New to mea I am glad the Californians have accepted Absence of seed ....perfect..,. 10. ..
experience with., this variety, permit few received in good
days they were your challege to an exhibition .....
., ins ''to :have my brief say In Aprilx1876 order, at a cost in New York of $5.50.J of.Navels" and think the proposition 73
I received a box of plants from As my commission merchant had to they; make is'a perfectly t fair one, viz: Now here you have them. The
send out ana ,buy them, I.thought it first is perfect in general appearance,
thp Agricultural Dep'arUuent= i t Wahingfrn. that those: who jud e the fruit make
The rather strange they cost no more,; but their own rules for judging. It is not large in size, absolutely perfect in
orange trees were care his, letter explained the .affair. He often we have an opportunity to admit juiciness, sweetness, vinous flavor and
.fully and plainly ,]labeled, and they says, under date of April 4th : "I ship their fairness for in this fruit exhibi absence of pulp, with skin of medium
were as carefully in a plat of ground you via Savannah line one box of tion business they have made much thickness and a medium number of

fi elf and a map made of the plat, Washington Navel oranges, costing I more capital than \\0 have and done seeds. It is an orange you can offeryour
'\which map i is now' before me. Among $5.50. It was reported, as you ,say I it mainly by superior shrewdness and friends with pride, place on the
the'oranges were three each of Mattt&j that the car load received in this market unscrupulous unfairness Now that market with profit, or eat with solid

; St. Michel's und Bahia Two\ of" sold for ,7.00 per box.. That is a they (for a wonder) offer fairly] let us satisfaction, and it scores 63 points by
the Bahia's died below the graft. 'The mistake ; they sold for $5.00, hence I show that we can afford to meet themon this roll.
third' is still growing in its original ) paid $5.50, having to send out to get that ground: It.:: would be manifestly No. 2 is perfect in general appear
fr'n laee, and blooming mist profusely, 1! them, as I do not deal in Californias. unreasonable (and outsiders' ance; skin smooth, size medium, skin

.,>>ot not bearing worth.acent.; Iii fact, I kepp better stock grown nearer home, would so consider it) for us to insiston thin, no pulp, and does not contain a
which in the fact that have particle of juice, sweetness, vinous
I (10''not, think it has ever matured proven using our own rules for.) judging
dozen There be just sold last shipment for $7.00 flavor or seed. It is a veritable whited
half a oranges. can your fruit, and .especially so when those
no doubt about the source from which 1 per box." rules are transparently crude and mis' sepulchre, and scores seventy-three
.this tree was received. It must have | ,One car load of these oranges went.: )leading.I points. It takes the premium over
rome from'one of the ,original ,twelve t9"B, ( ton, where they.sold 'good deal do ,not see how it would be possi' No. 1 by ten points, and yet you could
\ trees.1' ported by Mr. Saunders two I lower, namely, from $2.50 to $3.00 per ble to devise a "scale of qualities" more not give one away to a friend, or sell
box. It the the Florida' one, or eat it yourself. It is utterly
years later, or in 1878. I received a was agentsof unsatisfactory than the one in use in
l Fruit Exchange in New York, I think/ worthless, and nature kindly did all
few buds of the Parson's Navel from ajujij the Florida Fruit Gr wers' Associa-
i libor pf mine, Mai Mauruder, who that telegraphed to the 5.'imes-Union, tion. It is falty mainly in, two vital her power to prevent its increase. by
,bought, a' few 'trees at Palatka. IHave : that these California oranges sold for particulars. 1st. It, gives matters of denying it seeds. .
some twenty of these trees now j $7.00 per.box, Now, the.query is, did: trivial importance the same weight Would any one who had a real fine
In grove, biit none of.them have ever, :I any of them sell for $7.00 per box ? if as those of the greatest and most vital fruit willingly put it on exhibitionand
'[i ited, worthy of the. name. I have! I not, why were they so reported ? consequence. For instance smoothness allow it to be judged by si ch a
;noticed the trees obtained from both As for the box of California oranges,)' of peel is made of as much conse-' scale?' Of course, we cannot stand out

sources, very carefuny.and the growth, I I distributed hem pretty well among quence as juiciness.j Absence of seed for it, unless we want the verdict of
:habit find bearing qualities, prove to I orange growers from South Florida, of as much importance as flavor, etc., all impartial men adverse to us.
!my mind, that they are the same variety who happened to be in the capital i 2d. This scale of qualities is faulty in Looking over these two oranges
and; both: utterly worthless as : and, so far as I know, they all agreed this, viz : It weighR the same qualitymore above described, the imperfections of
fdr'as'my Experience goes. Last winter i with me, that for quality they were than once. In other words, a, this particular scale will appear.
in January I think, my son asked'me i very inferior to our best Florida vari single quality is considered under different You will notice that orange No. 1 is
to let him experiment on a few of I eties. I remember giving Major Geo, names, thus: allowing it to count, put down as sweet, juicy, free from

the trees. I told him to go ahead and 'I R. Fairbanks a few, and should like twice in the final summing up. Fo pulp.; in short.. solid.. as an. or.'ngo
experiment to his heart's content. He 'I I to have his report. instance, general appearance is ten can be ; and then, under another head,
had been reading in the DISPATCH ;j At all events, I am thoroughly satisfied points and smoothness of peel ten as light weight, which, of course, is imposslbleshowtng
and other papers .I suppose, that they !I in my own mind that we need points. Now, clearly the latter is a that in their anxietyto
.could be made to\bear.. month( after- |i have no fears of the California oranges part of the former and goes to make it spread themselves to a hundred
ward I looked over the trees he had I j in our markets. Let them ship as up. Weight is controlled entirely }by points, the authors of the scale used
been operating iou and they were a .! many as they will' ; we question wheth other qualitiEs principally juiciness and the same material twice. So of the
sight to behold, l ome were half and era second car load would have brought sweetness. general appearance, i ii perfect, and
some were all ,girdled tome were $3.00 per box 'n the New Yprk mar- Now, no men of good sound judgment j the skin rough, showing again the
..sawed -half off. and, then bent over ket. (outside of Florida,) would sanetioujsuch same defect in the scale. In your ed
if6me had all the branches bent flown ,And now, regarding varieties of the a rule for an instant. Any itorial remarks you say, "If they can
at, .aJ1 angle; of forty-five degrees, while t Navel, whether we call them Saunders competent judge who meant to reacha be improved," etc.
others had enough ten penny nails *, Bahias or Parsons' Navels the just conclusion would reject such Now, 1 and clearly of the opinionthat
driven In their' trunks to..start a modest I fact,remains the same, despite all the unsteady rules at once. they can be "improved"! by alienating
country hardware store. That they I discussion both pro and con., with ,me If I am right the object in using those points that arc simply a
bloomed more profusely} than ever, i if f=i they are worthless, and the sooner I this scale of qualities is to enable repetition of or included in others,
_that a were possible, I can testify to, but i c change them to good 'bearing varieties judges to reach a just estimate of the and giving the more important qualities -
't in'looking over the trees ,a few days the better. The evidence value of a fruit. If it will do that greater prominence by making
ago, I am forced to pronounce all the along the line so.far as I can see, is, and do it with more certainty than a them count more points than those of
'experiments most dismal failures.. I that they, are poor bearers,and I haveno judge's good common s nse and sound minor importance.But .
I doubt if a: dozen ,trees will produce a hopes that the buds obtained from judgment, then use it. If not, by all finally, I am confident that no
box of oranges,' while trees'of the ordinary California will do any better; means reject it and t trust to the hon- acale can be devised that will be equal to

variety, and of: the same age, One more item. I notice.the.Agri- esty and good judgment of skillful. the untrammelled judgment. and hard
.. .
7\;.:. ; "i"'l" '" ,., ,<,;.;.t""l 'l t r r a : "



.. ._. ,, ..' .
< "" -. ; .,..." 0"''''';; .-:Jfc-? -' """':'


':' R56 ,;' sr. .:i -. .-tJ;, ;':" ? 1.i :.. < FLORIDA ])ISPAT QF. .. i ...,::' :- ,.t ;t :. f Jut 4 1887..

. I '. ... oMIt' "" .....', '.... -
,common',sense of competent and honest seems to concentrate all her efforts 11 Florida Fruits"_"If is a fact not'generally in'the "dry, rocky soil" mentionedby;;
:' judges. 1 dun't believe we can invent with a view to the reproduction of; known" Mr. Fuller. HELEN HARCOURT.
any kind of machinery for judging the individual and consequent preservation No statement made in the work referred t .4
fruit that will equal the free judgmentof of the species. But the flower to, found entrance there save For the FLORIDA DISPATCH:
,. the noblest work of God.DUDLEY soon fades and dries up, and in most after the utmost care and painstaking The LeConte and Japan Persimmon
W, ADAMS. cases only the ovary with the fecundated research on the part of the author ; in Orange County.
,, Tanglertne, F1a.June25,1887. ovuls enclosed retains its life for each one in turn was carefully looked In a place in this neighborhood are
' 4 the perfection and preservation of the into and verified by reference to acknowledged some Le onte scar trees, now carry
; For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. seeds within ; but in obedience to an- authorities on the subject ing a few fruit. Two lots planted at
is the Navel
Why Orange Unpro-
'If other law of nature this very ovary under consideration, and wherever a the same time, one on high pine land,
liflo? cannot live unless the ovules have doubt existed, from opposing views, it the other on low hammock. Those on
In the discussions which have been been fecundated by the pollen. Hence was either stated, or the item omit the high pine land are,from ten to
I: carried on through the columns of'the the droppings of the small and ima- ted entirely. eighteen feet high and look well and
DISPATCH) in relation to the shy: bearing ture oranges from the trees. It is Some of the strictures that have ap- have some fruit on them. Those in
t of this variety of orange trees, then the living ovule that gives lire to peared in the DISPATCH, from time to the low land are from seven to ten
while the fact of unproductiveness is the expanding ovary, and which is to time bear the impress of the same feet high and look yellow and poorly,
'conceded by all, there may be some become the future orange berry, and carelessness and haste that caused the and some of them have died out. Those
misapprehension of the cause of the then the nursing mother of the seeds. DISPATCH critic on "Florida Fruits"to on the low ground also bloomed a
semi-barrenness. It would seem to be Now, when the orange berry is carefully say that the Navel orange was not very little this spring but set no fruit.
about agreed upon by all the disputants examined, ten compartments or mentioned,. nor Newnan's Prolific This was their first blooming. Thoseon
that, in their opinion, 'the flowersare cells are seen, indicating the natural strawberry. the high ground bloomed a little
deficient in pollen to fertilize the existence of at least ten seeds to each The author is very much of the l last summer,_ but too late_to mature
fruit; Is that the 'true cause, or is orange. But cultivation with the orange opinion,that both will be found in what few fruit they set. Those on tn"
there tome! other' and ,more 'potent as with apples, pears, grapes, their appointed places in said book. high ground are crowded among orange -
cause? etc., has produced fruits with a less But now, as to the tap root. trees, while those on the low
One of these writers has asserted number of seeds than seed cells. We Several standard, authorities were ground have plenty of room. It seems _'
that the flowers of trees not Navels, have a striking instance of this def- consulted on that point,all agreeing, that they favor the high ground. They,
growing near Navel trees, are not only : ciency of seeds in the Sultana, or but at this present writing only one is have been set out about seven years.
iertilzed from the Navels, so as to I seedless, raisin, and Zante currant.It at hand to quote from-A. S. Fuller, There are also some Japan persimmons
largely increase the fruitage on the is claimed for this Navel orange in his valuable work on Practical set about the same time. Theyare
side next to the Navels, but that the ,that its seed cells are either seedless, Forestry." in the low hammock and are in a
oranges thus fertilized show the Navel 1 or nearly,though remnants of ovules He there states that "the tap root damper location than the pears before
markings. If that ,be the case, then, may be detected in those cells ; thus is not essential to the life, growth or mentioned. Those on native bottoms
it must follow that the Navel flower, proving that something is defectivein productiveness of trees," and that a seem to do well, while those on Japan
so far from being deficient in pollen''' 'the stigma or style of the flower walnut or hickory, 'or other nut tree bottoms do not. One specimen on
production, are superabundantly: prolific -' preventing fecundation, and consequent one year old will often have atap root native bottom must be nearly twenty
; and the cause of unfruitfulncsa barrenness, from that cause, three feet in length, while the stem is feet high and is worked close to the.
must be sought, elsewhere.As and not from deficiency of pollen but a foot high. He advises that this ground. The best one on Japan bottom
all fruit has its birthplace in-the germs.Whatever. root be cut off so that it will be no is not six feet high. I also find
flower, and no fruit is produced wi pout may be the cause of bar longer than the stem. borers in both kinds of bottoms. .
having a flower precede it, so in renness of the Navels, if the questionof He affirms positively that the,tap- WM. S. RUTHERFORD.Apopka .
this the ahold be disccvered Orange Co., Fla., June, 1887.
case cause
of is short
productiveness is alone to becn root trees generally very .
in the flowers of the) Navel trees. sidered, it might, be left without de lived ; [the word "generally" was.: accidentally For the FLORIDA DISPATCH:
Flowers are said to be complete or in- cision ; because all the growers are omitted in the Florida The Bessie Orange.
complete as each may possess all the agreed upon the fact that the trees Fruits] if the trees grow on very dryor Under date of June 11th (ultimo),
essential parts, or as these parts may are not prolific ; and the whole sub rocky soil, the tap-root may live for our correspondent, Dudley W. Adams,
be wanting. Perfect flowers have the' ject resolves into the more serious many )ears, and be of great value to
stamens and pistils borne in the same ,question : Are these seedless orangesso the tree by obtaining moisture at a writes :
envelope; imperfect flowers have these, much superior in quality to some of depth not reached by ordinary oots. I am now shipping oranges of a local
parts in different forms, and are knownas the choicest of the seedlings of this On moist soils, however, he declares variety known as Bessie's Favorite.I .
staminate, or sterile flowers; and, State, which are prolific bearers,..IMto that the' taproot dies after the tree will send you a sample, and hope
pistilate, or fertile flowers., Sometimes make their deficiency in numbers becomes well established, and attainsa your opinion of it will correspond with
these different flowers are borne on the of equal or greater value than those considerable size. mine, which is that it is the best orangein
same plant, and at others on, different same seedlings? It may be safely "Trees overturned by tornadoes or the.world. I do not by that mean
plants. Many plants bear both perfect asserted that none of the Navels will by machines show that not one in a that it shall be judged by a "scale of
and i imperfect: flowers on the same make an average production exceeding hundred have a tap root; they died points," in which the thinness and
plant This is he case with the orange one-half the number of boxes of and decayed so many years before, smoothness and general appearance of
and many other fruit trees. In such fruits of the natives ; and growers that the position they once occur. ied the skin counts thirty points, and
cases it must be borne in mind that have no assurance of ob.aining double cannot be afecertained." sweetness and vinous flavor only
staminate flowers will generally great-. prices per box, on the contrary growers His opinion is that the tap root may counts twenty points. I want you to
ly outnumber the pistilates.If have received as high prices for be advantageous to a tree growing ina judge it by eating, and then decide if
any person who has informed the one as for the other, and thereforethe dense forest, where the soil is well it is good to eat. That is what the or-
himself of the parts and uses of the whole matter may be best disposedof occupied by trees having many lateral ange is for. .
stamens and pistils will examine the by the inquiry : Does the growingof roots ; if it had then no taproot, the The oranges came to: hand in good
flowers of any orange, he will readily the Navel :orange in Florida pay spreading roots of other trees might time and condition, and we put themto
discover that the sterile flowers greatly as well as many others of our best deprive it of the chance to live. the test suggested. We found them
outnumber the fertile ones. In SOrtS ? uHILI BOROUGH COUNTY." But he holds firmly to the statement "

these sterile flowers- he- will- find the. --..---- ----- that "the taproot generally becomes "mighty good eating.. .
stamens are perfect and ready to yield For the FLORIDA DISPATCH: useless'after a.few years, when it dies
their pollen; but he will also detect ,I The Tap Root Question.In and decays, and bark forms over the Fish Fertilizer. '
some defects in the pistilar parts, and spot it occupied." .
see a reason why such flowers will be the DISPATCH. of the 27th June, "A. A.," who makes the enquiry In answer to Mr. Bates, as to bow
sterile. Is not the Navel orange tree a subscriber calls in question the statement referred to, says : "I certainly have fresh fish would work in compost, will
exceptional in respect to the produc made in "Florida Fruits," that seen trees that must have been consid- give my experience. In the summer
tion of than the usual the all of 1881 I had one ton of fish caught
more amount of tap-roots of trees are short erably over one hundred years old
such imperfect staminate flowers and lived die anti the lateral at an expense of $34.50, they were
they decay aa whose tap-roots, as far as one could cartloads '
deficient in the t production of perfect roots grow large and strong," ,and judge from the portion exposed when composted in one hundred of
muck. After six months the
pistilates? If so, then it is a pistilate, ,in answer to ,the query as to its correctness ,the tree was blown down, showed no good
and not a staminate deficiency-not a the reply i id made: signs of decay." compost was applied to one quarteracre
want of pollen, but some defect in the "Tap roots in deep soil remain intact ".A8Jar as one could judge from the of pine land, but I never got muck mymoney's .
worth back. When the '
stigma, the style, or the ovary. ,as long, as,the.- trees retain their portions exposed ;" exactly but if
The flower into existence and was used alone, crops did about as well.' ;
comes vitality. "A. A. had taken the trouble to dig
lives only for the purpose producing Now, both this question and reply down, and trace more tap-roots, as did What the reason was, I never could
fruit, while the ,fruit only lives for ,the simply prove, another! statement that there botanists referred to, he would 'understand' but this is my experience i .'
purpose of developing seeds. Nature proceeded the above in I I have,found them GEORGE HUTMmlS :
.', ..,,.-,;, quotation not except perhaps, Crescent City,Fla., June 27t 1887. "

.' ..
4 l i




.:i"r,1887.] =:=2HE? FLORIDA ,. 557
"f -
; ; : :Y : DISPATCH. .' ..
or .
long ways in their growth, and, with the finest of'lemons when budded on In casing tobacco, that is putting it
F lltm. and. U d l. them to feed out, or still better, to sour stocks, and of the great range of away in a box in salable condition;it
F .k : A ed down, any crop of grain or fruitis lands I lave watched and cared for must not be dry nor should it:be too

For the FLORIDA DISPATCH : within our reach.A here in the last twelve years. I am damp. If it is too dry it will not develop -,
FORAGE. chipter on cow-penning, by more and more supposed} at the the aroma ; if it is too damp itmonlds.
which I mean the system of feedingout amount grown and taken off when com- .
Cow Peas and Crab Grass the best crops upon the land, and so utilizing pared withthe little we put back. When you find it .dried ; leave the
Standbys-Curing Pea Vines. to the utmost the droppings of Give me water water that I can control doors open for anight, the leaf(will
Feeding Out Crops. animals, should be written-a good and if it-is the poorest scrub, then become moist and pliant. ;'.
many chapters. If I am tempted to seventy to seventy.five per cent sili Then take down the tobacco. and
you print on the forage write one I shall tell of Mr, Powell, of ca, arid I will undertake to supplythe i lay the stalks like cord-wood on /the
subject is'eagerly read, and we are Fort Reed, who raises onions and rest, trusting in Nature's God to i floor. Leave a space between ,the

surely, if slowly, emerging from our sweet potatoes continuously on the bless the effort and make it successful. rows. Let the tobacco remain at l least
way-behind-the-world condition. Thereis same land, with no fertilizing other LYMAN PHELPS. three weeks.

one fact we may note. That for all than cow-penning. One year from apiece Sanford,June 181887.. Then strip the leaves from the stalk
localities and all purposes, we already ten feet square, he gathered and Tobacco.- -<< and bind seven to ten leaves in a bun

have, almost without money and with sold] enough onions to pay for a seven We find excellent and dle of stems together, wrapping with,
out price, the best of forage. Accord- dollars and fifty cent barrel of flour, the following another leaf, lay them in rows in a
ing to my observation, at least, stock and last year: sold over $100 worth timely instructions; on tobacco- ;rowing Ii,x. Pack it tightly nail on 'the

prefer, both as green food and hay, from twenty by thirty yards square.D at this season i in the Lake Oily .R cover, and it is ready for sale. .

crab grass and cow peas. There may R. PILSBUBY. porter.. 0 -
be better plants for some purposes or We trust will favor .
our correspondent Wht-n tobacco was raised years ago Do Soils Leach?
localities. Para grass on low, rich in this State the leaves taken
our readers with several chapters were In this "Ir
land reading evening ga'-
makes incredible
t an growth,
milo maiz and millet also yield heav. on "Fee 'ing out Crops" and also giveus from the stalk. They were used as 't lion,"Mr.March's plan is this sentence:
Leaves taken from the
' more details of the results obtained wrappers. "In su rface irrigation large part of fertilizer
ily on good land, but for the very stalk have little' nic tine. They
least? expenditure of money and timi-. by Mr..Powell. We need line upon were suitable very for wrappers but not for that is soluahle in water is
leached 108tAllow ask
as well as for the renson given above line and this or me to
precept upon precept, on fillers and binders.But .
writer how he found this
these two bear the Some of the your
all this is It is
subject.-ED. DISPATCH. changed. proven What
positive statement experi-
sorghums make feed if
pretty good .
that Florida fine
<< can produce as tobacco
he has made ascertain this
ments to
cut young enougb, and have the very For the FLORIDA DISPATCH: he andit
as can grown anywhere,
conclusion so boldly put? In other
decided quality of holding their own PINE LANDS.
is for fill
especially adapted use as
words what his from
in the severest drought. Some speak were premises
Water the Great Desideratum. ers and binders as well as wrappers. which he deduced this setting aside
well of Teosinte there is
; no questionas
When the stalk is cut down and
to the wonderful yielding qualitiesof Thanking you for your kindly remarks cured entire the nicotine is retained, what has been supposed to be entirelyat
varience with this ? lain
this plant, but in many cases tht- on t the pine land question, allow and this is our method of proceeding, theory
bud worm is Die st destructive to it. me to say, I only meant in pleasant besides il bears fermentation better not writing to be querulous, but simply
However, much has been chaffer what I wiote to get facts. LYMAN PHELPS.
so pluuteJthis personally.
you '
Therefore it will do oft'the
not to pull Sanford, Fla.,Juno 27, 1887. ..
year, that its measure, of us-ful Good and poor are only relative terms. leaves, unless it be the first three We f
are goad our correspondenthas
ness will be better known by another They often mean not very much ex- nearest the ground. They should be
season. There is a difficulty in curingcow cept when you use them with th<' Irish- strung with their backs together.Let opened this subject. We contest

peas which could be overcome mans sense of oderijerous, disparaging the tobacco stand until the seed we have never been able to convince

entirely, as I believe, by adopting the one thing or class to lift up another.. pod ourselves from observation or any
plan of the northern bean Whether a thing is good or in
grower, poor you see it crush it between statements we have seen, that soils
that of using stakes six or seven feet the sense of rich matters very little, and thumb not.let .
your forefingers : ,
long, sharpened at both ends, pet deep provided the results come for which a ting fingernails touch it. The leach. And we go a step farther than
enough to stand securely, and l so man labors.. suckers will come rapidly after top.. our correspondent and propound the
placed on.a,ridge as to be dry at all There are pine lands, however, in pinp. Keep them well pulled off.: following : Do fertilizers escape from
times.: The l beans, after wilting sufficiently -: Florida, which will compare through After a while the leaves will become soils in any other way than from the

are thrown by handsful over .a period of years most favorably with darker and thicker ; the yellow spots surface. We can see how there may
the stake, and from.opposite sides, and the average hammock lands where su will appear ; in a few days the spots be loss from evaporation, volitiliza-
when dry, the,stake with its load of I mach: and cherry and large hickoryare will become thicker. Reddish spots tion and washing, out are skeptic Il.1 as
beans is loaded bodily upon a Bled and interspersed with persimmon ; and will appear over the leaf and around to the leaching. We should like to
drawn to cover. The fodder is thus yet heavy pine timber predominatesPack the edges.ii' have a full expression on this point. '

well cured with its leaves saved, as Lands. Then it is ready to he cut. Cut and *. ..
they should be, which cannot be done Then I have, seen another class, split the ripe stalks and take them im For the FixmiDA DISPATCH : '"
by. any plan of moving about in a where there is no hickory, but occa- mediately from the field to the barn. Feeding Pea Vines and Potatoes' ;

shed. Forage is of the greatest interest sionally a water oak, in which there This: is very: important, for if you have from Draws.
and importance because stock is, is a very large amount of vegetable! the fine Cuban variety in the sun short Wm. S. Butherford, of Apopka,
f and we are considering stock now matter and not much silicia till yqu time it will spoil. Fla., asks : Is there any danger
I solely as an instrumentality in con- get down two or even three feet. In feeding a horse on pea vines green ,or
verting the grain, the forage, the lit- digging; ditches through it I have seen THE..BARN. dry along with his grain ? Are
ter, into available plant food ; for no 'fat" pine logs, the underside of which The tobacco must be hung' so that sweet potato draws taken from a draw
matter how useful commercial manures were three feet below the present sur- the stalks will not touch each other bed that has been specially preparedfor

may be, and there .is no question of face-all above .that very largely the and so the air can circulate throughthe that purpose, raoe prolific in the
their value if only your pocketbook is accretions of vegetable matter. tobacco.It way of making potatoes than draws
plethoric enough to buy them ; for Then, many of the best pine lands is best to have a number of joists, from volunteers in last year's patch ?

every day farming the cow, or other are underlaid with a !hard crust to about three feet apart stretched across Will some of our stock men" and
farm animal is by long odds the win- some extent mineral, by the action of the drying room. A tier can be made farmers kindly answer our correspondents -
ning fertilizer manufacturer. There the water in previous years, which was every four feet, so that three or four .
is now DO doubt that of the elements once vegetable. By drainage, and stories can be made in one rO' m. queries ? .. '
valued food and for whichwe the Take the tobacco the stalkson '
as plant gradually exposing to atmosphere, hang For the FLORIDA DISPATCH.
pay our money when we buy cottonseed this brown crust becomes friable, and- sticks, on pieces of plank about Getting Rid of Stamps.

m al], superphosphates, ful- the brown or crenic acid disappearsand three feet long, and, put those sticks I see in DISPATCH of 27th inst, page
ly seventy-five per cent goes to the you have vegetable mould rich in over the joists, like ,railroad cross-ties. 548 "Getting Rid of Stumps," taken
manure pit when fed to stock ; thenwe plant food instead. They should he far enough apart to from the Scienlifi-: American. I triedit
may eat our cake and' have it, too, The successful fruit or vegetable keep the stalks from touching. The on 15 stumps, let them stand six
at least our cow may eat and we may grower will not despise this latter sort doors should be closed all tha time. months after putting in the saltpeter,
have. We are still in darkness as to by any means as we learn more about Do not build any fire under the tobacco water and plug; then in kerosene
many things, but as to the certaintyof the Florida lands and their adaptability as it would ruin it. and tried to fire them put but they would

crops on cow penned land, or even for a particular purpose. Let it hang until thoroughly dried. not burn. I found it impossible to
on land well enriched with stable ma- Few who have been here at work It will then be brittle and of a yellowish burn kerosene or keep it burning in a

nure there is no room for doubt.r half a score of years talk much about color. hole with no draught. It is no good.R. ? .
To come back to our Crab Grass J 1 I lands where you have to go far to find When the leaves snap. short,ofi4it; :E McMAHAtf.

and Cow :leas, a.little fertilizer... goes a water.I > This last class of lands grow is cured and ready.,forcasing; '. f'1':;'}; South? Lake River, Fla.,June 21,1881.JuLir. .

.}' m


II"-, .

R: .558"" :,,,,,";._, :''''';:,,, ,V"q' _..:-.",. .. '3PHE d ..'FLORIDA' :" {:DISPATCH; ; : ._ __ .[JULY 4,1887.

,-" ,,. . ,
?' :&t ,-,. -' d f I
i H : '
i $ s : ::vtJi.S.f: ,.be: the fact that it is not quite hardy. suckle close beside the ,window and verandas, arbors, etc. It grows rapidly -

.i 4 ., ,.Ornamental Horticulture. .Good-sized trees were badly damagedby trained the two vines together. The ] to twenty or twenty four feet in

. : i I [(he freeze of Jan 9-12, 1886. long branches of the Honeysuckle, height, and the beautifully formed
BY W. C. 8TEELE.Lawn with its gold-netted leaves, mingledwith leaves remain green from the ground
f '.... ._. --:- These: trees deserve to become bet- the dark green of the Akebia .to the top." It is perfectly hardy,and

,. ', Grass and Shade Trees. ter known; though somewhat tender,it formed a most pleasing contrast, once may be sown in early spring*-Anief'

:. : :, ,During a two weeks trip to Orange may txxsafely\ planted within the limits seen not soon forgotten. Strangers ican Agriculturist.t_
u\Vhat is -
would and that
of successful lemon culture.
the,time driving
( county,moat spentin .- "
|i --++ beautiful vine? not seeming to think Annual Sunflowers.
I"\ 'i from place to place with a \horse Harp f.r10um. Fascioulatum(?) \ that there were two different. climbers Though rather coarse, the sunflower

and:buggy, we noted two very serious A Z together. The Akebia is new to every
tj j correspondent, "Y encloses is bright and showy. The Gardtn
deficiencies among the surroundingsof one here, and I think our florist will
some of shrub and asks the
twigs a :
have several orders for it from persons says
Florida homes. name. It is a Hyperucim, probably who have seen and admired mine. Seedsmen state that of late years
The first is a lack of green grass., H. fasciculatum- the imperfect They grew very rapidly this summer, there has been an unwonted demandfor

Our friend Reasdner spoke out strongly specimens received will not permit a notwithstanding our drouth, and seemed seeds of sunflowers. It is a fact

.for", St. Augustine" grass. Our positive identification. well suited with their place of honor that a blaze of sunflowers give conspicuous :-
beside the parlor window. dashes of color to gardens. Someone
own observation of it has not'given us The,,genus of Hypericurns contains ....,..--_* .-*...-__.'- has styled the sunflower "the kingof
a very high opinion of its merits. of whichare Popularity of the Rose. "
'many species, over twenty the flower garden, and there a
Still, what we have seen, during the found in the Southern States. Ihe I The sale of Roses in this country kind of regal aspect about it. It is

l last two weeks, leads,us to place it far common name of all the varieties is amounts to fully a million plants a common to see flowers more than a

above the Bermuda grass for+ lawns. St. ohn's-wort," we know'of no com- year at the present time. There are foot across,and the dark centres stand
The latter is not in winter whena no statistics by which the exact number conspicuously when margined with
green mon name for any individual species. can be learned, but a knowledgeof their broad z nes of golden yellow pe
good'lawn would be most highly Those send tals. There dwarf and tall forms of .
wishing to plants or the extent of cultivation, by the are ,
!appreciated, t and, during the summerit flowers to be named should note the principal propagators enables'us to the single and also of the double va

must be mowed.at least once in two directions in the first paragraph on estimate roughly as above stated. T e rieties. The last named, when of a

weeks or it looses the little claim to the editorial of the last DisPATTH. probability is that the annual sale exceeds fine double character, are very imposing
page I considerably rather than falls subjects: but the current taste
beauty it then has. As for Texssblu'e
Specimens will keep in good : short of this amount. These plantsare certainly runs in the direction of the
grass" whatever it may do on condition for several in in the double
daya & tight almost wholly raised on on their: single preference to va-
moist or clay soils, i it is a miserable tin box if not too wet. own roots, as budded plants, which at rieties. Wherever planted they should

failure on high dry sandy knolls. Ina They should have a little damp one time were quite common, have have good soil, and while there is muchin
door-yard near Orlando a quantity fallen into disrepute and will now the quality of the variety it is also
packing moss, sphagnum, or if that scarcely command a purchaser. The certain that a good soil has a great
planted such soil abut two
was upon cannot be had some long moss from the popular judgment in this respect is, no deal to do with the production of fine

years'ago, though well cared for, it trees in the nearest hammock, or a doubt, right, and will be. sustained. flowers.
has dwindled to less than a doz- __..___........__.__..
away little damp cotton, wrapped tightl Budded plants, except with some
en weak scattered shoots barely showing around the stems, the .,hole should be weak growing varieties, will never Olerodendron Balfourii.

above the surface of the sand. packed in the box so it will. not shake again be in vogue, and the number of Speaking of this plant Currie's
,The second point was the lack of about. excellent varieties of vigorous growthis Monthly says: This plant is also
so that delicate will
really desirable shade trees. Too I .It is difficult. great growers named, and perhaps properly, C. Bal--
> to name plants, unlesswe be discarded for this fault alone, no
many wish to combine the useful with have, not only blossoms, but also matter what other good qualities they fouriana. It is a most charming green-

the ornamental and plant nothing but the leaves and stems with' them show- may possess. house plant, of scandent habit. Its

orange treer" A well grown orange ing their arrangement along the stalks.If The Rose is the most highly prized, l leaves are opposite, dark green, and
and next to the Geranium the most
tree is handsome and when it smooth contrasting beautifully with
very the foilage, of the lower part of the generally cultivated! flowering plant.
covers itself with pure white and shrub differs uiarks cul the large, loose panicles of red and
plant or from that of the These r apply to amateur
exquisitely fragrant flower, or when flowering branches, specimens of both tivation. Professional florists make white flowers, which are usually freely

its branches'are bending beneath kinds should be enclosed. Wheneverit rose-growing'' a very prominent partof produced. A rather high and meist

their loads of golden fruit, it is a sight is possible, samples-of the seed vessels their business, and immense quantities atmosphere is quite to its liking, but
of flowers raised the
are during
which must be seen, to be appreciated, should be we have grown it, we might say to
sent as a difference in winter season for cuttings. The state-
as words utterly fail to give idea *, perft ction, in an ordinary greenhouseof
any the number of cells in the ovary and ment is made by a competent authority *
of its beauty. Yet too much same- of the seeds in each cell often constitutes that in 1885, 'the trade sold tenty medium temperature. It is one of
ness. becomes very monotonous.. "Va. the four million cut Roses." This indicates the most interesting plants we knowof
most.marked distinction be.
and suitable alike for the decora,
riety is the spice of life." More to some extent, the popularity ,
tween two or more very similar vane of.this particular flower.-Vick' Mag- tion of the conservatory or parlor. No ,
as a shade tree the house
over near ties. azine.A collection should be considered com-
''orange trees are too good ; they shade ..--- plete without it. Although scandent,
Two Pretty Climbers. New Climber":'The Japan Hop. I Rand
everything else out, or if the shade I therefore inclined to throw out
does not prove effectual in smotheringout Both of the climbers described be- The ordinary hop has' a perennial : long, slender branches, it may be keptin

.. other vegetation the roots will low, by a correspondent'of Park's Floral : root ; but a Japan hop now offered is bush form by judicious pruning,
in Florida I an annual. Some of the recent intro- and will produce its flowers when thus
take all the food and water and starve I Magazinethrive though ductions of plants from Japan and grown: quite as freely in proportion to
the Golden has hot the
it to death. Honeysuckle
other oriental countries show singular its SIze.
Many'are planting the "Umbrella"tree vigor of the other varieties. departures'from the ordinary course of t o .

(Melia azedarach umbra'califor- Among the climbers that I cultivatenone things. It is not long since that fruit One of the sights of Glenwood is a .
is more satisfactory' than the growers were treated to a herbaceous Marechal Niel rose bush belonging' to
mis), but though Very beautiful-trees Akebia quinata, a siugular Japanese grave vine, the stem of which died Mrs. Haines. It has covered one end

during the summer, yet they are deciduous climber of great beauty. It has small down with the fall of the leaf, and now and part of the side of the house and

and during the winter theyare lobed leaves, very pretty for edging we are offered a hop with an annual has to be constantly trimmed back to
decidedly the reverse of ornamen- baskets of cut flowers and bouquets.The root, which is propagated by seeds. It prevent its taking possession of the

tal. An occasional 'specimen of Gre- long, slender vines are very pretty comes to us, for a wonder, by the way roof. It is a most prolific bearer and
for decorating. 1 find it very useful of Europe; of late years the majorityof at times has held a countless number
villea robusta be
: in the
may seen where vines are required, especially on : Japanese plants having found their of roses. It is a perfectly natural
.door yards of Orlando. This is one of children's day. It bears a small cluster way into our gardens before they growth having never been stimulatedwith

the best shade trees we have seen ; it of brown, s\\eet-scented flowers, often reached those of Europe QiHmnulus fertilizers.-Exchange.

grows' ,well is symmetrical: and the tinged with purple, and is a rapid, Japonicus it is said by the European A night-blooming cereus in the dooryard -
neat grower. I have it trained up the seedsmen : "This is; perhaps, the most
is and
foliage,! graceful highly, orna- side of a south window, where it has beautiful and quickest growing of all of the home of Mr. Geo.' H.

::4tal..,. ? '- ; J the sun all day long. This year I annual climbers, and is unrivalled by Count, of Enterprise, is attractingthe
So far: the.only,'objection'seems to planted a:Japan golden-veined Honey- any other climber to quickly cover ,attention of lovers of flowers,



,' ,. ,"> ,> "
JULY 4,4,1887J -.-_. .THE ORJD. DISPATCHi :_' ,- ,: ; .. t. :.:'.559:

". .'.
[ I ulations, forgetting that the great For the FLORIDA DISPATCH;. "" recipe .and have never_:.knpwn}':it to
f.oirt Interests,. desideratum is to make wife and fami Quaker Omelet.. ., .* ail' -" -' DRuaor&r.Orange <
comfortable and live Editor Home Interests > City,June 1,1887.
ly to 'Yell. as they :
.. ', .... .
BY MRS. E. A. HILL go along. A handy kitchen, good In a receut issue of the" DISPATCH DISPATCH
wood, good water and plenty of both "P. M." requests'some one to send a Recipes. :

", To Correspondents.The near the kitchen, a good succession of recipe for omelet. My husband says been .
vegetables and fresh fruit as soon as my omelet "can't be beat," so I send [The following recipes have
recipes we give today are the prepared expressly for this: palier by
they can be had, are necessary to pre- my recipe. .
result of actual experience in the vent homesickness as well as to alleviate Three eggs, half a cupful of milk, Florida Housewives.]

State.; they were sent to us by a lady the sufferers from Maladie du Pays. one and a .half tablespoonfuls of corn- APPLE FOLLY.-Two eggs, one.cup-
who resides in the western part of the I have often thought of the wisdom of starch, measured after sifting, to free full of white sugar, three sour baked
State, and who is considered an expertin Cortez, who} when he landed his troopsat from lumps, one tea spoon ,of salt, one apples, vanilla Beat the whites of
Vera Cruz for the conquest of Mexico teaspoon of butter. Put the omelet the eggs and the sugar together,then
these matters. We ask all persons burned his ships. His followers pan and a cover that: will fit closelyon add the inside of the apples, which
who can do so, to send us tried recipes, knew, without any speech making, to heat. should be mashed soft ; flavor with
especially those that are likely to be what to expect. Then, too, the folly'of '' Beat well together the yolks of the vanilla, beating all to a stiff froth.
in demand in this section.For Lot's wife. A young ]lady near me, eggsthe corn-starch, and the salt. Beat Any kind of jelly can be used insteadof
4 a graduate Vassar, says Bhe,and her the whites to a stiff froth. Add to the the apples. To be eaten with di-
the FLORIDA DISPATCH. mother live on Tutt's Pills in the sum- well beaten yolks and corn-starch. Stir: vided cake or biscuit, and makes an
Home Life in Florida.., .. mer. This comes from a steady diet all together very thoroughly and add, ornamental dish for dessert or tea.
Editor Home Interests: of pork and potatoes. Such food may the milk. Put the butter' in the hot SUMMER MINCE PIE.-Six: soda
Mrs. Browning in the DISPATCH .of be good for Canada, where they came pan. When melted, pour in the mix- crackers rolled fine, two of cold
June 20th asks,a very important ques- from, but is nothing less than poisonous ture. Cover ,and place on the stove, water .one molasses, one cups cupbrownsugar
tion'abou home.\life in Florida. Are in this climate. Fruit may be a where it will brown but not burn. one cup sour cider one-half
the. women contented here? and are, luxury in the North ; it i is certainly a Cook about seven minutes. Fold, melted, butter cup, one raisins seeded cup
not many at times homesick ? This necessity here to those'who expect to turn on a hot dish and serve. This is and cup ,
chopped, one cup currants, two
r&minds me' of a remark made years do without pills and doctors. The a sure and handsome dish when care
beaten table
light, one spoonful
ago! "That the emigrating i faculty was father of a family who'fails to provide is _taken !in the preparation. If the eggs cinnamon. ana auspice mixed. .., .one
an instinct that impelled one to move plenty of fruit, milk, cream and vege yolks and cornstarch' are thoroughly teaspoonful nutmeg, one
into the wilderness and endure a miserable tables may be sure he will 'save, nothing beaten,.. and if, when the whites are cloves, one teaspoonful salt teaspoonful and one of
existence for, the benefit of pos- by it. He will certainly incur a, .added, they are well mixed, and the black ,
terity. And the observation of the, greater expense for ,medicine, nurses' pan and cover very hot, there can pepper.
old Virginia I lady who said she always, and doctors' bills. hardly be a failure. I use the cast- CRAB APPLE PRESERVES.-Crab
thought that a new country was hardon Parents do many things for their iron skillet such as comes with every apples must be boiled in clear water
and horses and It should be inches in till the skin cracks then soaked two or
women: easy on men children' they don't think necessary stove. eight
and dogs. When on the eve of depar- for themselves. Beekeepers say that diameter for an omelet of this size. three days in cold water, changingwater
ture from ,northern .New York seven the old queen in swarming time leaves When necessary I double the recipe morning and evening, to extract
teen years ago to come to Florida to the hive. So we old folks must some and use my largest frying pan, ten the bitterness. Peel and remove cores
live of friends said in inches in diameter. If much and seed and then halve. Preserve,as
some my endeavoring times emigrate for the benefit of those too egg
to dissuade from my ven- who come after us. It is a good timeto is put in the pan the omelet will be other fruitpound for pound Very
tur ,'that I would be sorry in a short come to Florida now. The land .,heavy. handsome preserve, like beads of $am-

time that I had left the North. They speculator will name a reasonable I, This recipe is, taken from Miss Par- ber.This
were answered that many of them price when any one comes to buy. loa's Cook Book ; at first r thought it recipe is for wild crab apples,
would, be sorry they had not followedme. Some are obliged to sell or let thesheriff troublesome to make, but after tiying so abundant in this part of the Stat .
Florida .
Property that was sold for $3,600 do it for them, and the outlookin various other recipes I found that it [North-western ] Cultivated
then would not bring over $2,000 coming yearsis every way favora- .paid to take the trouble. ,crabs are less bitter, therefore do not
to-day. Property: that I bought for ble, Some legislation is needed yet I have a recipe fur escalloped fish have to be soaked.
$1,000 here,seventeen years ago, could for the prosperity of our agriculture, which I will send at another time if CRAB APPLE JELLY.-Treat apples
not be bought to day, were it still but our mixed population of crackers, anyone desires it. Jt is an excellent same as above for preserves, then re-
unimproved' for less than $6,000. But yankees, foreigners and western peopleare way to prepare fish for a change. turn skins and cores to the water in
as far as contentment'' goes I have invariably fast becoming thoroughly reconstructed Can some one give a recipe for which the apples have been boiled and
found that the newcomer working hard to build up a .pickled limes,? A. D. H. boil longer to extract the juice; strain
and his family are contented and sat populous and prosperous Bay View, Fla.June, 1887. the juice through a flannel bag. Use
isfied if they:ao' well and make'money.Those State.M.. C. 4 equal measures of sugar and juice and
who have bad luck, or 'rather ---..*- --- boil to a jelly. t
bad management, always speak ill of For the FLORIDA DISPATCH: To Prevent the Hair from Falling. Haw apples are very abundant
every place they go to. Another Cultivation of Character. Editor Home Interests: this State. I make my jelly from
thing-certain persons who love cold Superior excellency of character is J 1- have been much interested i in the them. They make a beautiful, firm,
weather, who are predisposed to corp ,not to be attained without careful' culture many; subjects of interest and instruction ; red jelly. The green grapes wasted
ulency, should, never come here. Here I of both miIid'and heart. given to your readers, and some from cutting the Concord grapes for
. warm weather is the rule, cold weather : He who thinks he can drift with the things are worth many times the cost market make' a very delicious jelly,
Ii' the exception. Warm: weather. con world, obeying the natural impulsiveof of the DISPATCH, I hope you may still using sufficient of the ripe ones for
slant and certain. Cold weather is his nature, and arrive at any degreeof keep ,it going., Don't forget the diet coloring. \ ;
accidental l If in December and Jan. eminence, is likely to discover the ary, hygiene and heredity that have ScUPPERNONG GRAPE JELLY.
uary the wind blows from the northwest mistake too late to remedy the evil. come in 'j; ask outside help and discus Squeeze the inside and juice from
we have cold; If it changes to "Know thyself" should be the sion on these and all topics calculatedto the skin throwing the skins
study away.
another quarter or stops, it becomes of all, and to be watchful the make home lovely and happy.If Heat the juice and pulp till soft enough(
warm again., our lives. a recipe to stop the hair-that to mash and strain through a flannel
Lean who love the It is the little faults that ,lovely ornament so much prized by
,persons, persons creep uponus bag,then boil the juice fifteen minutes.Have .
warm summer and are distressed by unawares and often destroy the: your lady readers-from falling out is the sugar hot when added and
the cold of zero, should by:nil means foundation of a noble character beforewe worth publishing, I will give you'the boil hard and steadily ten minutes
come South. And when one comes are aware of their exi'stence.'V following as a sure cure, if used for a after the sugar is added and it will
after having counted the cost and true sphere is in the home short time as directed: jelly at once. Quantity of sugar to be
summed the distress of circle it is here she R FI'd ext. yellow dock, 1 oz.
up parting ; reigns as queen, Alcohol,3 oz. used is one of sugar to two of juice.
from friends and relatives, come to and yields her<: sceptre over the )loving Powdered borax,3 drms. Grapes must not be quite:ripe for jelly.
the bitter with the that cluster around the hearth Common salt,2 arms.
take sweet
stay; subjects : Oil of lavenders drm. ScUPPERNONG GRAPE PRESERVES.
the future with Oil of bergamol,1 drm.
and go forth to meet stone. '
-Make lor other
out fear and with a manly heart. She is constantly sowing seed from Some add the juice' of an onion,to ,and syrup as whole.preserves Grapes
It is undoubtedly true that manyare which is to be reaped a harvest in after the other ingredients.. should preserve be whole.grapes .
dissatisfied here, as are many in years. Mix and apply three times a week
every new State. For this the men How important, therefore, it is for for three weeks. Rub on with a'I NUMBER TWO. *, .
are, more to blame than the women. us to be ever watchful in forming hab-- brush or the hand and rub the scalp Squeeze inside and juice from skin,
Men are prone to lay out too much its, that are 'to make an everlasting well until it is stimulated. You can throwing skins away and removing
money' 'in orange and other trees;; !and impression 'l iipon''us-=either good ,or: use. a little pomade,or oil after 'th.e' seeds preserve; like other deliciousfruitsnicer

in (so called! i improvements alspec- evil. E,J.) ., thorough rubbing! i f I,.have f < < {,,used tcf lift this f j ) : than Ywhole.L .

r .

'. .


.. ,_ .'t,... ....tI.; '


'; -
: .
,.:.560.., ,,11\1'' ",",' "' -""" """ _-"" ",_".",\ .....,.:__,. "......._...:...__' "_..-.. _', : *"THET. ,__ FLORIDA._ *DISPATCH: -- -' [J tft4t.. ,1887, _
------ -
'1 ,

.EDITORIAL:. DEPARTMENT, 'Keeping Oranges.- perishable products,of all kinds,shouldnot Echoes From...the People.,,

.I. We have no apology to. offer .forgiving be refrigerated. en route... It'now The pressure of valuable<:contributions -
up considerable space this weekto costs 84.00 per hundred weight to ex- on our columns seldom affords

Contents. the subject of storing, preservingand press peaches to New York, and the us opportunity to speak of'ourselves,

GROVE AND OBCHABD-The Navel,WashIngton -! keeping oranges and other perish rates on other fruits, except oranges, but to show each of the many readersof

,;-. live; The and Navel Parsons Contest.alike Unproduc-Florida vs able products. This is one of the most and also on vegetables is proportionately the DISPATCH how clearly his own

California,let the Judges choose their that its the Our could be reflects sentiment
. own Rules, Defects of the Florida Scale important matters engaging high. products opinion the general ,
, ... .. 655 attention of horticulturists. carried in make
at this week
Who Is the Navel Unprolifle; The Tap our Every refrigerator cars very we room for a single

, 't Japan Root Question Persimmon; The LeConte in Orange and gardener th -t raises a surplus cabbage slight! advance on ordinary freight insertion of the following incidental .

J County Fertilizers, ; The,, .,Bessie.,, .,...Orange........; ..Fish.. .. J556 turnip, every fruit grower that rates and would go through in much allusions taken at random-from the
FARM' AND GARDEN-Foraee, Cow Peas has an orange, a peach, or a quart of better condition than by express.In current corresponce on our desk :
and Ci ab Grass the best Standbys,Curing !"
Pine Pea Lands Vines, Water, Feeding the Desideratum out Crops;; berries, to ship, is vitally interested in order to keep the fruit, however, George W. Leonard, Reddick: ,.FJa.:

Tobacco; Do Soils Leach: Feeding Pea the speedy and satisfactory solution of when put in refrigeration and to enable "I prize it highly." .
Vines and Potatoes from Draws; O ettlng :
ORNAMENTAL'. Rid Stumps HORTICULTURE.-Lawn 557 this problem. If we can ship our per it to stand up when again exposedto P. C. Firth, Conant, Fla.:' "Could'.

Grass and Shade Trees; Hypericum ishable products through cooling house the air, it must be "cooled down" hardly do without it. .

Popularity Fpsclculatum of the: Two Rose Pretty; A New: Climbers Clim- and refrigerator cars succeesfully and before it is stored in the cars. Flor- H.C. Guion, Staunton, Fla.. : "Can't
ber,the Japan Hop Annual Sunflowers '
; Clerodendron]Jialfourll . 558 at low cost, it means that every box of ida strawberry growers sustained considerable get on without the.paper/
HOMK INTEREST-To Correspondents; F. A. Boothby, Bell view,' Fla. :
basket of berries and loss this be-
; Home Life in Florida; Cultivation of fruit; crate of season simply
Character Quaker Omelet To Prevent "Can't get along without it.
; ;
the Hair from Falling; R clpes..559 vegetables, that is,sent out of Florida, cause their fruit was put in the cars
Hon.A.J. Russell Tallahasae, Fla.:
; Keeping Oranges;
Shall we have a Cooling House; The will arrive and keep in good condition warm. "The old reliable DISPATCH." .
Bidwell and the Daisy Calcined Humus ,
; Echoes from the People ... 560 in, market until sold. If we can There is no longer any doubt as to
'MARKET REPORTS ..... ............. .... 561 N. H. Langley, Seminole, Fla. :
METEOBLOQICAL ..... ....._ .... .. '. ., 661 successfully' keep our oranges, keep the practicability of a cooling houseto "Can't afford to do without it." .
.... .. .....
them without
.MARKETING-Cold Storage, a grand success risk of loss for two, prepare fruit and other perishable Samuel C. Durst, Pomona, Fla. :

", in California, no more high Ex- three or four months, the slaughter of products for market ; the success of "One of the necessities of life."
press char> no more Damage en'
route and Florida, : "gets c Friends left" as usual.-'get there". . 662 our fruit"through gluts and from cold the Inter-Ocean Storage Company, of Wm. Munson, Georgiana, Fla.: '*!

The Hoggson Process, Claims.made will be',a thing of the past, and remunerative Riverside, settles this beyond question. find the DISPATCH very useful to me."
,.for It and the way it works 504
., Fumigation 56.5The prices can be steadily main- That we shall have such a cooling Dr. T. T. Seele, Crescent City, Fla.:
I Davis Process, Oranges kept for "
"You need fear
J 120 days; Keeping Oranges In Sand; tained. house we fully believe, but it will be not any competitor."
Keeping Oranges on the Tr e. 666 J. M. Simmons Altamonte Fla.
Mr Moorhouse's Method of Keeping We have endeavored to give an account interesting to note how far behind :
: Oranges. ; Cold Storage; Pears for Cold "I cannot do without it while I live. in
.-Storage Cold Storage 567 of the"various experiments that California, Florida will be in this mat Florida.
Cold Storage 60S
POULTRY YARD-Economy In Buying have been made in this direction together ter.
Poultry. .... .... ..568 J. A. Webb, Palatka, Fla. : "One
APIARY Counterfeit One Thing.that Fraud Cannot,. 669 with the results that have been Certain capitalists are now lookingover of the indispensible articles of our

_..___,._........,.___._ obtained. The various methods of the ground with a view to estab- household." ,

Prof. Duhois, of the San Luis Vineyard preserving oranges by fumigation and lishing such an institution here, andit S. Bigelow, Sanford, Fh: "Every

I ', Tallahassee, Florida, has our by plunging the fruit in a chemical is to be hoped that they will receive number is"good. You are doing a

>thanks for a basket of grapes-fine solution seem to be conspicuous failures such :encouragement as will induce good work.
\ C. S. Brown & Co. Palatka Fla.
;specimens of the Inez and Delaware ,Covering, the fruit with dry them to invest. :
"We value and
varieties ; an attractive combinationfor sand, or any finely broken non-pon- -.... your efforts.your" paper '

.market. ductor, will keep it with more or less The BIdwell and tho Daisy. W. O.Carr,Louisville, Ky. : "I con-

.. certainty ; but the fruit must be in The editor of the Micanopy Gazette gratulate you on the high character of

?, Vile have received some ;beautiful. l just such a stage, and all the condi- seems to have been too previous in, his your paper." ,

jspecimens. of the General Lee peaches tions favorable; to insure success; in- report of the comparison made by Mr. H. M. Monk, Gold Hill,' Nevada :

'Trbm W. W. Fendrich, of the Mon.cnef volving too much risk to commend it James Mott between the Bidwell's Ear. "I value your paper" too highly. to. miss

: Poultry Yards, Jacksonville. to general favor. Late varieties are ly and Barr's Daisy. It "happensout" even one number. ,
The measured nine J. B. Weigel, Cleveland,, 9. twill
largest eight by unquestionably "the thing" for South that he based his authoritative the admiration; of
certainly gain
inches in circumference. ,
,, Florida, but we cannot wait until our announcement on an over-heard con all sensible persons" ,. .

\: Lest* the reader suspect that we are groves can be stocked with new sorts; versation. The nine-ounce Daisy E. P. Porcher? Courtney,Fla.: >It is

u about to clear our decks and join in the we must devise some means of keepingthe weighed three ounces, and there was certainly a valuable paper, and I wish

.Navel warfare that is raging at the oranges now produced. Cold stor- no disposition on the part of either you a great success." '

present time, we,hasten to say that we age fills the bill exactly. As appliedby gentleman, whose conversation was re E. E. Higley, Chicago, Ill.: "You tare

have resigned this momentous conflict the Intcr Ocean Cold Storage Com- ported'to disparage either the Bid well making a grand success. Accept ... ,.
entirely to an esteemed contemporary.We my congratulations.. .
pany,of Riverside, Cal., a full accountof or the ,Daisy. _'.
faith believe that he will
have to J.H. Warring,Montclair, Fla.. : "It
the if takes all which we give elsewhere, the fruitis '
see thing through, sum is a paper that no one in Florida can
mer-if he has to devote to it in every kept in perfect condition for several Calcined Humus. afford to be without."

column of every page of every issue months, and when taken out of storage We have frequently urged the pro- W. S. Moore, Hawthorne, Fla.: "I

l from: now Contemporary.till the dog days.-An Esteemed properly, and exposed to the atmosphere priety of patronizing home industry, enjoy the DISPATCH more" and more., .
at. i is normal temperature; will It is very pleasant now.:
in fertilizers. Thereis
J\Ye are that we must bear the especially buying
sorry Granville Platt Peru Ja. "The
stand up nearly or quite as long as it :
.heat and burden of the day alone but no reason why we should send away
would\.have done before being storeda DISPATCH, in its improved shape, is
:our good'ship manned by such representatives for our fertilizers when abundant ma- well worth the lull price."
very important point, which will add in the State for their
: exists
terial man Chas W. Hawkins, Lake George,
of "the old stock ofwriters"
its value
: greatly to from commercial
a ; ufacture. In our "special" column Fla.: "Unquestionably the leading agricultural -
Hart Moore Van-
as "
standpoint. of the State.
this week an advertisement of paper
Deman, White,Saunders,Woodworth, appears
v Rev. M. S. Leete DeLand Fla. :
the Calcined Humus. We have never ;
-Whealley, Pierce, Skinner, Pelton. "By all odds the best agricultural
Shall we have House fertilizer and cannot pa-
a Cooling ? tried this speak -,
and other "old timers of
orange men per published in Florida. ,
"one idea" who do not find that "our It is now generally conceeded that from personal knowledge, but this we Jas. N. Marshall, Candler, Fla':: "I

platform is too broad for them" and the only way of satisfactorily trans know, Messrs. Bryan, Wofford and consider the DISPATCH the best authority -

'with these '"Jolly Tars" aboard, we porting our fruits and vegetables to Norton, who speak so highly of this on Florida published." *. ;.

i t' LDalian certainly carry through even distant markets is in refrigerator cars,. fertilizer in the special referred to,are H. Legler, Haskell, Fla.:/'Your?

the Refrigeration costs less than men of high standing. What they is all wish it is' :
though we:enter. fray.without ron. rapid say paper a man can ;; ever
r 4 H: -< snrt. .rf x i!<1.* : rf tranBit and'there is no reason"why'our' can be relied upon. welcome visitor to my Jiome." : '.1

f.' ..,'- .-- '. :,

.'1-r-/1r _>. .

-......." M' '" .1: ,c, "- ,_ ,_,,:. ". _. ;... ::;'.' .: :... .,:: ::. ::'1" ;::: _!:",'_ .,. .. .


.-.., "
A' ,

JULY 4, 1887.] ,. "= 3HEFLOKIDA? DISPATCH, = 561

,,, '.- .-- ,

E.A.Hill,Orange City,Fla: "Runs titles that fill your columns, to the ex- PUBLISHER'S DEPARTMENT.CHAS. Buds of the Maggie peach,furnished at

I more original matter, than any other clusion of'clipped' and 'plate' matter." $1 per 100, $3 per 1000; 500 at 1000 rates.

agricultural weekly in the South.* Rev. L. H. Hallock, Portland, Me.; W. DACOSTA Publisher, Address, .'--. F..C.Waldo Mx ixcS, Fla.,

Col.! D. O. C. O'Donoghue, Govern "It is capital I Has greatly improvedsince .

or's Staff Portland, Me.: "The best I first made its acquaintance. It THE FLORIDA DISPATCH r. ,For Sale.
Is 21-page weekly,devoted to AGRICULTURE,
paper of its kind I have ever seen." tells just what a Florida. grower wantsto HORTICULTURE, INDUSTRY, IMMIGRATION acres high pine land; ten acres

Rev. Geo/Bowman, Arlington, Md : know,.*and is so well assorted and and HOH INTERESTS in FLORIDA. fence six acres cleared and five set in
be ] Terms of Subscription. orange and lemon trees:also other fruits;
"I prize! your paper highly, and have arranged as to rfectly'availabe Two Dollars per year, In advance, postpaidto good house and stables, etc., one mile
read it with great pleasure and profit." at its full value." Keep right on,; you to any foreign part 01 countries the United comprised States or In Canada postal: From Conant and one and one fourth

7 f D. E. Lowell,Lane Park,Fla.: "Al. are doing good. r Union,Two Dollars and Fifty cents. miles from Lady Lake on the Florida
The date when the subscription explies Is Southern Railway, for further
low me to say, you are making the J. D. Mitchell, Daytona. :, "I have on the Address Label of each paper, the apply to A. G., Lady Lake, Florida.particulars:
change of which to a subsequent date be-
DISPATCH very instructive and interesting of been reading Bro'r Curtiss'F.
for .
comes a receipt remittance. No other receipt .
/' F & F. G., which, as a matter of Is sent unless requested.The .
paper is stopped at expiration of the Why?
', -, Chas. W. Hendry, Bartow, Fla.: course, he makes interesting and valuable subscription, unless previously renewed. 1
"I read Florida the i but somehow I feel more at homeat When a change of address is desired, both go outside of the State to a summer re-
> many papers, the old and new addresses should be given. sort to spend your vacation when you
DISPATCH interests than all the old sho"p. There will always be
me more Remittance) have one of the most delightful of sum-
the rest." plenty of room in Florida for the DISPATCH : at the risk of the sender unless made by mer watering places in your own State at
.. and I and registered letter or by check, express order, WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS,
Professor J. N. Whither, State Ag- you or postal order, payable to CHAS W. 1>A-
Mr. DaCosta on its evidently increas- COSTA, Publisher of the Florida Dispatch, on the beautiful Suwannee river in
ricultural College, Lake City,> Fla.: Hamilton county. The waters of this
The' DISPATCH you have improved ing popularity. Advertising* Rates, spring are noted for'their great curative

amazingly 4 $100 per-fnch first insertion: 5): cents per qualities, and constitute one of the finest
insertion.Preferred .
inch for each subsequent pools of sulphur water to be found in
H. C. Markley, Clearwater Harbor, For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. Positions, Next Reading or on Cover: this country. At the Springs is a first-

Fla.: "I am very much pleased with Another Recipe for Staggers.. Inch$1.40 for per each inch subsequent first insertion Insertion.; 70 cents .per class hotel, with ample accommodationsfor

l our paper. It should be largely taken I answer ar8en cum, commonly called 10 per cent. off on 3 months' contracts. hot cold and plunge baths. Reachedby
iri'lhe State." ID". "on 6" the F. R. & N. Welborn,thence by
arsenic dose fifteen ", ; ;
to .
R ; eight grains.It 30 "on, 12 hack line eight miles, over the beautiful
'=Macheca & Zammit, New Orleans, acts on a dog's liver as calomel doeson EVERY Advertisements respect. -UST be acceptable in hills of middle Florida. Cheap round

La.: "We find the DISPATCH one of a man's. The liver is the seat of THK FLORIDA DISPATCH Is sent free to trip excursion tickets, including hack
those who advertise in It,as long as advertisement fare from Welborn to the
the most interesting agricultural 1 papers almost all troubles in dogs' diseases, Springs, now
continues.Address sale all F. R. & N. ticket
on at offices.
'read. it med to be in :
we ever as
man's.V. CHAS.: W. DACO3T.1, Publisher, For further information, apply to any F.
J. C. Stewart, Highland Park, Fla.: E. LUCAS. Jacksonville, Florida. R, & N., ticket agent, or write to O. K.
Altamonte, Fla.,June 23.. 1887. r Paxton Prop White Sulphur
"It has improved much lately Springs
very )
Fourth of July.In .
and is Hotel, White Springs:::; Fla.
so valuable I would not think ,
'of' doing without 'it." Telegraph Vegetable Markets. order to do its share towards cele- (

Special to the FLORIDA DISPATCH: brating this glorious Natal Day ,and in KISSJMMEE, June 18th, 1887.
ro; samuel Payne, Tarpon, Springs, in order to facilitate the visiting of home DR. W. W. HICKS, Fort Mason, Fla.
Fla.: 'It would be blind work .culti OFFICE FLORIDA DISPATCH LINE, and friends by its patrons, the Florida Dear Sir:-Your letter of the [I6th in-
NEW YORK June 30 1887
vating Florida soil without it in its Railway&Navigation Company.annonn- stant received, and in reply say: That
Ga.: Watermelons, prime,per 100 t$30 00@35 00 ces an excursion rate of one fare for the after at
improved condition"R. Watermelons, fair to good. 18 00@25 00 carefully examining my grove
Florida Tomatoes. per crate 75 175 round trip, between all points on its sev- Fort Mason. I have decided that where.
.F.Willis, Palmetto, Fla.: "I can't J. D. HASHAGEN, eral Divisions. At Jacksonville extensive the Calcined Humus was applied the
think of doing without the DISPATCH. Eastern Agent. preparations have been made for the trees are in as #good or better condition

1 a deal of useful infor celebration of Independence Day, a prom than where the high grade fertilizerswere
get great
very" Special Dlppntch to the FLORIDA DISPATCH.; inent feature of which will be a Grand applied, and at much less cost.
mation from each issue. I Industrial :Parade by the workingmen of
NEW YORK, June 30, 1887.I Yours truly, JOHN M. BRYAN.I .
E. S. Hughey, Palatka, Fla.: "I Our market continues to takes all the the city. At Cedar Key a GrandItejjatta' fully concur the above statement.
is for the Cedar
arranged by Key Yacht; J. T.'VO'FORD.
have take .the
gotten a neighbor choice Florida tomatoes that are coming
Club, at which liberal prizes will bej I cordiallv in the and I
concur above
forward and sold from the last steamer
DISPATCH. I like it better than the we awarded to the fastest yachts. Picnic the
will add, that when ploughing
at $1.50 to $2.00. Maryland's\ crop i is grove
American, Agri.mlturisl. and other holiday entertainments will be! this season the Calcined Humus was
already coming forward, but shipmentsof ; held at various points on the F. R. &N.Co's ,
visible in the soil and thoroughly
H. Gillen, Oak ,Hill, Fla.: "I I have choice Florida may yet be made WIth lines thus affording the pleasure- plainly
taken the IDISPATCH: for five profitable results; watermelons in large incorporated after nearly a had
years, seeker ample opportunities for a day's The
since it i was applied. trees
and watch it for the desirable demand, and choice are selling at $30 to Tickets sale 2d passed
closely many $35, The outlook is favorable. enjoyment. on July 3d have taken a fresh start where the
and 4th, good to return to and including
things it contains. G. 8. PALMER. i, July 6th. Humus was applied, FRANK without NORTON.renewal.

.. H. A. Gardiner, Fort Meade, Fla.: June20th,1887. In charge ofgrove.

The DISPATCH is more helpful to me Cotton Seed Hull Ashesas -.. ...-
Meteorological. '
prepared by our mills, are without
in fruit growing in Florida than four
Van Kpps Howard EaBtls,Fla.
\ doubt the best for fruit and
other agricultural papers I read. -""" :>. vegetables used. They contain a very Grove contractOr and agent. Land

W. H. Mann Manville Fla. .'Y ..lagisaM. w -0.oo ,,;',,;;: <. largepercentage, of Potash and Available cleared, set with orange trees and taken
: ou ... M -- as Trees furnished. Taxes
0 0-- care.of.
JO Acid in their best forms for
l i L* as CI$ as ....' 3D Phosphoric ,
s are making the DISPATCH so good and co 31tJ1R 9.Q 1U AV. G4E4U;; Wfr,,','" agricultural The ash of plantsis Satisfaction guaranteed. Terms mOder-

r meritorious that I feel it a very pleasant 2a --'--'-" '01' the>natural furposes.all plants, containing ate.-
"duty to work for its circulation) ;' C oN ..Clipimnll -......f p h.MG => every element but nitrogen require4 .
M p> LBp uvalQO.I }!" QO OOe U by any plant. No better Fertilizer can The E. Moulie Florida Floral Per-

i' T, W. T. Curtis,New Haven, Conn.: O sii -ass be used. These Ashes are put up in fumery Co. will buy the following Flowers -

"The DISPATCH is steadily increasing s C: .,( I yOtOaCfh 4 j a* bags. You get much more value forthe delivered at 45 West Bay St.:
in value. Latterly) tivery\ .issue has -i* 'tS llaolaA 55 I same money than in any other fertilizer.We Petals of Fragrant Roses of any kind,
,5". _p'a sell in car loads. If less quantity is at 15 cents per Ib.
been worth than the for a
more price a ss-s < 'aoilaallfl.o '.. as wanted, write to us for the address of the Petals of Cape Jasmines at 10 cents
year. mcxo2xzzre. & dealer nearest you who sells our Cotton per lb.Rose. -

Sherman Adams, Gabriella, Fla.: s:: c.I .._.. CDgS"S o Seed Hull Ashes. Geranium Leaves and Cuttings,

"I am more and more pleased with w Jrt.t stnpaipunq ....coo.o... :, "...... American Oil Company 10 to 12 in. long, at 4 cents per lb.
":.q 18 Broadway N. Y.: Petals of Arabian Jessamine, 30 cent
the DISPATCH. It cannot fail to'be of
"'great benefit to Florida, and should be = -, ; riI Kelsey Plum ,Buds Write for Circular giving full dilutions -

in everyfamily." I ... for sale. $2per hundred, postage pre- for gathering, etc.Washington .
CQ ..
.So.o. I (lV "' ass J'l 4S- --
M. C. Stafford, Philadelphia, Pa: .. ...,. a --- ,-- ..e aM ;;.bti 4) G. L. TAKER, Navel Unrig.
"I consider the DISPATCH excel- cq u Glen St. Mary Nurseries,
an t- cg wuwlutN ,h 'ohnnh F mf :s
Can furnish the genuine WashingtonNavel
Glen St. Mary Fla.
lent paper, serving its purpose well. f a.tc. O2 E-4 !? gw buds, guaranteed true to name.
Have noticed the improvement and
bespeak success." =vln- Cows and Heifers in Calf to "Panic nearest post office 6r express office, $20
-i ,_ a. per M, in thousand lots. As to my re-
.JaamoJUn No. 9,420, Jersey Cattle Club.
L. H. Armstrong,St.Nicholas,Fla : 1"' =boc-- co a Panic's dam Eurotas liability refer'' to G. D. Clifford. G. H.
rtIvu(1: nt3awc d k :: g, g. No 2,454
"I have been much pleased with the o -iCQ )coC.CO-l 5S2Highest made 778 pounds of butter in one year. Norton D. H. Kline, Eustis,Fla.; R.W.

new and beautiful make-up of the DISPATCH -, ., -; t i a cgo' Bomba, No. 10,330, was sired by the Pierce, Indian Springs Fla.
i : i e a
:. Address:
its rich I .1. 'c-I' Duke of Darlington, No. 2,460> -PanisY(, .*
varied contents are yw
; ; t i
: C. S.
0 ', s'. o j BUBGESS ,
.... : grandsire Calf'sold for $13,000.
indeed-a feast. : hQO >> lia
weekly m c C: ;>4 ce Riverside Nurseries, Riverside, Cal.
Pedro No. sold
1 b .p c-t 3,187 for $10,000, is a
'M. D. Cushing, Sara Sota, Fla.: E, -.<. c-I >czS.0 ; Highest baHlKbeftlth HlKbeftlth F I, son of Eurotas, No.. 2,454-Panic's g.' g. 110 Stranvbrrry 54 Kefrigcrnlor
.. qw
: "Your success is due, in no small, ,degree ..- "tSs....... a aqj Q.' =' :: : Tallahassee Leon Fla. For Sale.,: Ap !ly>to y : ,
,to the and as .... .= 74w County .
original pertinent! ar a:>Co E.. E<- ;9..VnnoN.3 Mandarin: >,- j, FIa.


_......<......, .;;,'.. .- --,'< ,t.". .. :. ." ,'." ,j.-' ,.".",",- :"'iL > l'iel.',,;>'M



.. ,
562 .. _. -- -., -. .--- THEf-FL, RID.K DISPATCH. f JULY-: ; 1887. .
: Your previous experience has shown condition, will be delivered in the same temperature had been' kept at/about
O M' B; fut ; you the necessity of being independentof condition at destination.. The arrange fifty degrees since the opening of-the
decided changes of temperaturefrom ments for handling these cars en route, works, through the several storage
-; loading point to destination ; for and at junction and.icing stations have rooms,where the temperature was still
COLD STORAGE. although you may be'loading frnt in already been made. As the .season lower, to the engine rocm: where the
'- I California in the sunshine, with the advances ice will be used when necessary power and tanks for making ice,.and!
A Grand Success, in California--No I thermometer at the retain the in the the
ninety degrees, to same temperature reducing temperature-of hrineand .
More High Express Oharjres-- thermal record as published by the these cars at which the fruit was load- pumps are-all located. ,
No More Damage en route--:: signal service often shows below zero ed from their cooling house.Ve Upon the return of the party to.'.tfie
Our Pacific Friends "Get beyond the mountains.: know that a trial by you of this sys platform of the, building, S. C. Evans
There" and Florida Last ye Ir you were in the habit of tem of cold storage and Tiffany cars called a halt and nominated :A.9: S.
"Gets Left" as' using straw in refrigerator: cars to pro- will)) substantiate all that we have saidto White as chairman of the meeting:
UsualIII tect the orange against freezing. It you, and that you,will thank us for which was carried, and thereupon

August 1886, C. F. Pierce,., ofills accomplished the result, but subjected. calling,. your attention to a system moved that the chairman appoint i
will-known' Tiffany'"" t ;RefrigeratorCdr i 't \i them to still greater loss by overheat which insures that Southern California some one present to prepare a reportof
ing and sweating.; These 'unfavorable oranges, apricots, peaches, pears, this examination and of the opinions
Company, and L. W. Pitcher, or results left many shippers in a quandary grapes and vegetables can be placed of the visitors as to its merits'as!
ganized in Chicago the "Inter-Ocean as to just what they' should do. i in Eastern cities in such condition that;' there expressed ; said report to .b'e
Cold'Storage'and Shipping Company The Tiffany cars were invented,. and;;] ,the shippers will]] realize for them its published] in Press and Horticulturist
pf Chicago and Riverside,". for: the were used to protect their. contents, highest price, and that no complaintof and Valley Echo. The chairman appointed
whether in winter or summer from condition in which the fruit reaches H. J. Rudisill, and, in accord.
of for
purpose preparing shipmentand outside influences. market will be excuse for the shrink-' ance with said appointment, I have
shipping fruits and other, perishable It is obvious that confining within age which in times past has materially the honor of offering the following;

!products) of California to Eastern these cars ten tons of hot fruit is put- affected your profits.. REPORT. "jr-t '.-,
markets. This company, immediately ting the cars to a purpose contrary to For the cooling of this at Riverside, We found packages of fruits on;the
established, a plant at Riverside.1 They that for which they were built. Nothing and relpading it in Tiffany cars, twenty tables in the large room at the.southend .
in the construction of the cars will-, cents per box on oranges will be of the building from the following,
surmounted difficulties l-
seem to have s reduce or take from this fruit its natu- charged. The cooling charges on ap packers and shippers. '
which have, ,heretofore attended all ral heat and the quantity of ice al ricots, peaches, pears, grapes, lemons Messrs.\ Griffin &SkelIey, nine boxesof
efforts at cold storage and shipment lowed in these cars would not cool the and vegetables will be given you pre oranges, two boxes of lemons. ,,';
by the refrigerator: system. Their, fruit in transit. The necessity of tak-, vious to ,the maturing of the fruit. Messrs. Twogood & Edwards, four
operations have been soBUccessful. :thai ing from your fruit the heat which if With this system in operation your boxes of oranges and a number'' of
confined to the fruit would produce fruits can attain their flavor and ripenon plates Ai:
they have attracted the attention of decay in a Very} short,time, and at the the tree, and you will]] not be Porter Bros. & Co., Loa Angeles l ,
fruit growers, produce merchants and same time furnish the protection from obliged to pick them hard and green.It nine boxes of oranges. '
carrying companies throughout the cold and climatic changes met withen will certainly be a novelty for East- Edwin T. Earl had a few days pre
country. In a private letter regard- route, indicated' to us that'.the con- ern states to be, supplied with apricotsand vious to our visit removed his collection
ditions for the successful of when in their of for 'L
carrying peaches, perfectionso oranges shipment.
ing this dated Chicago March\
system, this fruit should be fully compliedwith well known to the growers here. The fruit growers of Riverside were
24, 1887, Mr. C. F. Pierce, secretary from the shipping point to the You can load in any cars fruit des- represented by- i
of the company says: "I do not know destination ; and that whether the cars tined to go through the Riverside John,G. North,who had several.fine
that I can better supply you with the were passing through a, desert at) a cooling house ; from there, it goes in boxes of Washington Navels. ''':: '
information as to the, purposes and high temperature or over the mountains Tiffany cars. Dr. A. H. Woodill, a col lection;i.of
"and into Northern and Eastern lemons.
In letter!written from,Chi- ?
advantages of the cold storage ware- a private
cities at a lower temperature, your Duncan Brothers,a collection of,or-
house, of the Inter-Ocean Cold Stor- fruit should know of no change.To cago on April 18,1887, L. W. Pitcher, anges. ,| f,
age and Shipping Company, than by accomplish. this and to eliminateall President of the Inter-Ocean Storage Dwight Coddington, collectionoforanges. t
sending you the enclosed letter or elements of risk the InterOceanCold Company, says, "I hand you herewitha '
'circular No. 4,' of H. B. Wilkins, Storage and Shipping Company copy of an article taken from the These .fruits had been picked on or
have erected at Riverside a,l large ware about February 12th, and in most Instances -
[Gener,"1 Freight Agent, California house capable'of cooling and shipping Riverside Press of April 11 tb, beinga were wrapped in the paper

Southern Railroad Company.] \Ve twelve carloads of fruit every,day/lhd report of the Executive Committee of used for shipping, and neatly packet din !
have some eight or ten car"' loads of plan ,being to receive all,, fruits from the Citrus Fair Association on-the'examination boxes: as most ,of them were i. intended -

this fruit on this market, and ,can. re. any shipping point in Southern, Calit of fruit in cold storage since for exhibition" at the, Citrus
fer to such houses as Reid, Murdock fornia, for which through bill of lad. February 9th." Fair' to be held at Riverside, February
ing will be given by our agents from i 22.They. >
& Fisher; Sprague, Warner & Co., point of departure to destination, with AFTER SIXTY DAYS. had been kept in a uniform temperature
and T. W. Pemberton, as to the excellent the privilege of stopping the car at Upon the invitation of Messrs. L. of 50 Fahrenheit, and the
manner and uniform good condition Riverside,and.cooling in transit at no W. Pitcher, President, and Chas.) F. visitors carefully noted the entire.absence -
in which. fruit from Southern extra freight charge for cooling and Pierce,Secretary of this company,sev- of any trace of moisture, eitherin
reloading into Tiffany cars. eral members of the Executive Committee the fruit, paper wrapping, boxes or'
California has been to Chi-
brought Their. method of treating- fruit is of the Citrus Fair Association, walls of the'room. This is the important -
chago: each separate orange in the this:: It is taken from the, car, ,and and other citizens of Riverside,visited point secured in this'system of cold
baskets being in g( condition" The placed in .a thoroughly insulated'room, the works of the company on the 4th storage, viz ; a uniformly dry, cool 'at .
following is the circular letter referredto in 'which the temperature is reduced of March last, for the purpose of examining mosphere. '' "!
it is dated February 10, 1887, and by the circulation 'of cold brine in the condition of the fruit The skin of the fruit was also'noticed -
addressed pipes such a length ,of time as may be placed there early in February, and to be as fresh as when picked,
necessary to injure that every orangein also the workings of the establishmentthat yet indicating that the curing process
TO FRUIT SHIPPERS.' every box is at a uniform temperature had now been in operation nearlya had been going on without the shrink-
We wish to call your ,particular sufficiently' low to prevent decay, month. There were present S. C. age, or shriveling of the skin, found
attention to the two systems we have and to preserveall,! I, the J keeping ,Quali Evans,President of the Riverside Laud where fruit is stored in buildings sub.
perfected for the shipment of oranges, ties that ,the fruit may have.' Their Companies at Riverside; A. S. White, ject to a variable temperature, and at
etc., to Eastern markets experience in the use:.)f cold! storage member of the Board of Supervisors; times dessicating atmosphere which
We believe that we. have succededin and Tiffany card has demonstrated L M. Holt, editor and proprietor of! we occasionally get during the orange.
inaugurating a policy which will that strawberries', vegetables, and all the Press and Horticulturist; J. G. season in a "warm norther..' I .
be incalculable benefit to fruit growers kinds of deciduous,fruit, will keep as North Superintendent of the Canalsof In an adjoining room and in a.temperature -
of Southern California. j long after being'put ,through cold stor- the Riverside Water Company; E. of 45, Edwin T. Earl had
First, We call your special attention age as they apply it, as when picked Rosenthal, merchant; G. W. Garce- three hundred boxes of Santa Anna
to the well-known and superior from the vine or tree.' From the lon, one of the oldest and most experienced -Navels] undergoing this curing process,
Tiffany summer and winter caw,whichWe warehouse the:orange are loaded into fruit growers of Riverside, and preparatory to shipment east. Whilein
are,now running in connection with Tiffany'cars, tightly closed, so that no Secretary of the Riverside Land Com still another room Dr. "Woodill had
the cold storage, warehouse at River- heat_or cold will penetrate'to the fruit panies. Messrs. Pitcher and Pierce, some six hundred boxes of his choice
side. These are the most perfect cars till it I reaches,' its" destination. and Stowe, Superintendent, accompa lemons in store for the spipping seasona
yet designed to protect. I your,, fruitsagainstAegtr'fnes 'V e. Je: thoroughly, convinced that nied the party through the works, few months hence.. /' "**
6fJ heat and cold. any fruit delivered them in keeping, from the reception room, where. the Next to the production fruits

', .
-' t.



< ., ,

,.-- .,..... ..- .-- -:-.';.::-.. ;.J>!!i

JJW.T: 4,188711 ___=THE< ELORIDk: ; ;DISPATCH: 568 -jf jfof ;


any:',kind;,:.the most: important;fac- tern would ,undoubtedly make great into the Col Storage Warehouse. thesudden and rapid evaporation of .;

tor in making fruit-growing profitableto changes in : the green fruit.trade of Forty-eight days thereafter Messrs. any liquid causes cold by the with -_

'the'! producers, i( the: adoption 'of Southern California., and that ,these Griffin,& Skelley took therefrom one drawal latent heat from surrounding

some process whereby the fruits can. enterprising owners deserve not only box of lemons and one box of oranges substances. The sudden expansion ,of ya 7

be taken from the grower, and placed : the thanks of the fruit growers,. but and removed them to the packing liquid which is gaseous under ordi

in, the hands pf the !consumer in ,its their\ cordial support: in all shipments house on Main\ street, where, in the nary pressure, by the removal of.the

perfect a ,condition ,aa .>when> ripened:. made.. ? presence of Rev. Geo. H. Dare and pressure which keeps it liquid has ,the

upon the trees$ or vines Respectfully submitted, L. M. Holt, the fruit was taken .out same effect. Ammonia gas is fed from"

This problem\ has engaged 'the attention i JrBUDISILL. and repacked. There was not a single a tank to this pump, where_the enormous -

of producers and':. shippers of .. ''::A NEW EPABTURE. specimen of fruit in the two boxes decayed pressure put upon it, converts I it

fruits and inventors for many year One of the' leading packing and in the least. into a liquid. At the proper place

Over twenty years;; ago cold storage The fruit was repacked and placedin the pressure is removed, and the liquidis

buildings were;erected .in,many places shipping firms;"of" Riverside, issues thefollowing the Griffin & Skelley warehouse, allowed to expand into a coil of iron

in the Western States for the 'preservation under ,the heading "The subject climatic changes as to be tubing; producing such intense cold as

of apples and pears in winter. Newest Departure in the Orange again placed,on exhibition at the Cit- to lower the temperature of the,brine

These were so constructed, that large Shipping Business:" rus Fair,to show the keeping qualities surrounding the pipes from twelve to

masses of ice:were stored in the -buildings i of the fruit after being taken from fifteen degrees below zero. Anotherpump
and the interior of the ice housewas Having carefully investigated the Cold Storage. keeps this salt brine in agita-
system of preparing fruit for shipmentby
the fruit room, but it was ,soon The fruit was taken out of a tem tion; and sends it through the storagerooms.
cooling, as practiced by the Inter-:
found that the damp :atmosphere Ocean Cold perature of forty-six degrees into a A portion of the brine i is sent
Storage Company, in
caused by the ,ice. could not be con- cold storage' warehouse, erected this temperature of seventy-five in the through another set of pipes in the len

trolled either by chemicals or ventila- Riverside shade and probably one hundred in gine room, which are used for the man
year at we become so
tion, and the fruit decayed such an convinced of practicability that the sun, and the fruit collected no ufacture of ice. They are coiled about
extent, even in a very low temperature moisture and
was perfectly dry. ninety galvanized iron pans holdingone
are now prepared to quote Oranges tothe
that the system was: abandoned Wholesale Fruit Trade of the We shall have occasion to refer hundred pounds distilled water

after a very brief trial. United States and Canada again to this fruit, at the time of the each. In about twenty hours from:
at a price
>,It was found afro that owing to delivered destination in Fruit Growers' Convention and Citrus the time the water is put in there are
at good order.
these unfavorable conditions, the fruit carload sell Fair,-Riverside:Press,March 29,1887. removed solid blocks of the purest ice
Every we at a delivered
would keep only a very short price will be first cooled by the Inter- The following refers to a car load of about 8x12x30 inches, of remarkable'
time after its removal from these ice ? density and clearness. This ice is not
Ocean Cold Storage Company, after shipped by Griffin & Skelley,
houses. This has been one of the oranges used in the storage rooms at all, but is
difficulties which it will be loaded into a Tiffany of Riverside through the Cold Stor-
principal to be removed, for shipping in the cars with the fruit.
Refrigerator Car, which will be iced
and we believe the Cold Stc rage Cpm- age: The ammonia gas, after having passedthe
at different points along the road,
pany above named have entirely over- when weather renders it i1ecessarys the OMAHA, March 301887. point where the brine is cooled,

come it by its system of securing dry- fruit The car of oranges shipped us from not only loses its coolness, but becomeseven
being at
preserved an even temperature
ness as well as the proper degree ofcold' ((45: to 50 degrees Fahrenheit) Griffin & Skelley, of Riverside, warm. It is passed through a

in the, atmosphere.A through the Cold Storage process spray of water, to partly cool it, backto
from the day it is packed until it
few boxes placed in the cold room reaches its destination came through in splendid style, and the tank, to go the same round
going throughon
by Mr.\ Earl about February 12th, The ammonia like
fast special trains. Our experiencehas have kept remarkably well.* We have again. the brine is

were moved March 1st. The writersaw that there but some yet, which are as sound. as the used over and over again with scarcelyan
taught us are two
them at the packing house of Mr. loss. It
day they came in. appreciable seems very
causes why do not
Earl at Riverside on the 4th and they oranges curious indeed stand in the
reach their destination in F. B. SALMON & Co. to engineroom
always good
were then. in 'excellent condition. It, where the thermometer is at least
order, and why they do not always DESCRIPTION OF THE WORKS.
will and ,careful
require repeated experiments 75 or 80 and see iron pipes with
t to determine the length of keep well when they do reach there : The cooling house at Riverside cost frost a quarter of an inch thick. The

time the various classes of fruits should The first is from rough usage before about forty-fire thousand dollars. This machinery was made specially to orderin

or could be,kept in cold and being packed, and the second and ,
storage chief is in the whileon includes a machine capable of making Chicago. "
cause heating car
the length of time it can be exposed Fruit received for
shipment placedin
nine thousand of ice in
the road east. Oranges are quite pounds forty-
after removal therefrom before it these in the
hot, when taken from the trees at this hours and house 50x80' storage rooms unopened
.would be unfit for I sale. eight a storage boxes in which it arrives, and is keptat

It must,,however, not be overlookedthat seaSon of the year, and more so later feet, capable of cooling twelve car- a temperature of forty to fifty degrees -
and if into in this condi-
on, a car :
only comparatively perfect fruit tion put and loads per day, or for storing twenty- for an average period of twenty-
sweating heating are sure to
can give:?the best results. Fruit that follow then: comes decay. four carloads. Smaller machines,. four hours. Both time and) temperature -
is overripe, or the reverse,pr:that has' ; '
The Inter-Ocean Cold Com- smaller houses of vary according to kind ,of
Storage adapted to equal efficiency -
been damaged in any way: 'by picking fruit and condition in which it,comes.
,before pany takes this fruit when ready for but smaller capacity can be
or hauling, placing in cold It is a curious fact that as long,as the
storage, is simply"checked in its tendency shipment, 'placeS it in their coolingrooms constructed! at less expense. The Los> fruit, is warmer than the air of the
for hours until
forty-eight or
:to decay Angeles Times gives the following de room, water will form on the n
J Another ,equally important ,matter 'every orange is reduced to an 'even overhead furnish the cold
as they
of the Riverside
and delivers scription
I temperature, it at desti- storage
in connection with cold storage, is the condensing surface. As stated before,
nation in the same condition, tbeir house :
transportation of the fruit to distant
; arrangements are made for carrying
4- markets after its submission to. this charge being twenty cents per box, in The plant of the .' consistsof this moisture off. When the pipes

orocess. This the Cold,Storage Company addition to the regular freight rates. a main building, divided into four cease tQ drip an examination will show
have To those who prefer to buy at a storage apartments, 25x50 each an
seems to successfully accomplished ;, that every orange in every box is at
by the introduction and price delivered we make the proposition engine, room,32x35, and' an ice house the exact temperature of every: ;,other,

use of ,the Tiffany refrigerator car, to charge twenty-five cents per capable of holding twenty tons, besides and the air of the room will be t"dry
box' added to regular' freight charges, long side-tracks for seventy-five "
which the (committee also examinedwith or one as a bone. This process does not re-
in addition to our :f. o. b. price here, hundred cars, running to the doorS of
considerable interest. The ,arrangement suscitate, but the life of) efruJt.
of. these cars having been we paying, for the cold storage service; the building on either side. The wallsof For fruit preserves has a certain.life. It
described it is '' that is to say; buyers will pay twenty- these rooms are twelve inches in '
frequently sufficient'to is not,claimed that it can be kept}forever -
that by these the. fruit is trans five cents' per box, to insure having thickness and air, tight. Strung next but its
say as long as l life lasts,whichis i
their fruit l laid down in order.
good the roof of each one are three coils of
ported from cold sto g&Riverside a months. When tHe
good many .
; "VVe anxious to have this matter
to cold storage Chicago ,Or Boston, are one and one half.inch pipe, some two fruit ,is ready for shipment i it is,transferred -
tested and take this of
through temperatures ranging from means doing so. miles of pipe in all. Beneath each to tiffany
refrigerator ,carp.
We trust wholesale fruit friends :
one hundred degrees above to thirty our coil of pipe are eaves which give suitable The cars are first brought,to the same
will assist us in giving' this matter a to the moisture
degrees' Mow zero with scarcely conveyance givenout the
any temperature as storage room,
fair trial. We that
,change of ,temperature in the car, guarantee every by the fruit. The pipes are so what is known as a "hood" is run from
which by simple and'effective devices box_ of oranges bought from us, bearing regulated that any room or individualcoil the the
room to car, and the fruit.is
Is kept.about the same temperatureof pur brand, will be grown at Riverside can be cut off. On the wall is a placed in the car without coming in

the rooms from which the fruit was that every orange will be high- registering thermometer. The engineroom contact with the outer air, and consequently -

taken. .. colored, bright and strictly free from <: contains a sixty horse power en- without suffering the least .

The visitors were unanimous in the frost. gine, which is used chiefly to run a change of temperature. Regular icing

opinion that,the works.just examined AFTER' ,IT. COMES OUT. pump of peculiar, construction. And stations are established, with men In

would be- of%great value-.tothe. ;: ,fruit ;' On:' the 9th: day,.of February: several now we come to the cooling agent., It charge of each station,whose only duty

growers of Riverside,and,.thattthe; sys- fruit packers and grawenput;fruit .is ammonia: gas. It is well known that I is to examine, each. car and, re- ce:if

... ,

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: ,

: : :* .' 11- .
: .
564," :. ., -"._ .. .' ,'-, THE .FLORIDA DISP ATOlL__-- [JULY 4 1887. ,

necessary. These men will report every grapes, they were being taken by the through the desert to the terminal stations THE HOGGSON PROCESS.
shipment passing their station, which cold storage process from Santa Annato and land them in Chicago in -
,report will be furnished to the shipper Chicago for $230, a saving in marketable condition and get good Claims Made for it and the Way it
and consignee gratuitously on application freight alone of $370 in favor of cold prices for them ; and I believe that if Works.
The ice in these cars is put into storage, beside having your grapes delivered we had nothing but the oranges and Last winter quite a furor was created -
iron pang from the top, and icing them there in a much better condi- lemons alone to handle here in Southern over this process for preserving
does not in the least expose the con- tion than when hauled by express,and California that cold storage is just oranges. The inventor, Mr. S. J.
tents of,the to outside instead of called I would like
car temperature. netting a profit being what we want lor.them.
Hoggson, visited several of the
SAVES EXPRESS CHARGES. upon to remit from this end to pay to have this convention go to the cold parts
.! "JVe take the following from a recent the freight. storage works for a day, or half a dayat State urging the claims of his process,
least, and examine them. They which was hailed by the press and
address of Mr. Stowe
', superintendent At the Annual State Convention of will be well repaid for the time and many leading shippers as a boon to
of the Riverside Cold
Storage trouble. They should examine the
the The is
the California Fruit Growers held orange grower. following
Works: '
fruits that have been placed there for-
.,, I think that you will agree with me last April Mr. L. M. Holt said : ty-eight days, and then examine the Mr. Hoggson's account of his methodfor
that heat and moisture are the princi- It is of very little use raising fruitsif fruit which has been removed now for preserving oranges :
pal causes of the cry we so often hear we cannot sell them after we get j two weeks or more. It demonstratesthe Allow me to somewhat briefly explain -
of "rot and decay." Remove this as them raised. In the first place we I condition of fruit which has been the cause of decay in the fruit,as
we do, and your fruit will carry suc- have got to raise them,and in the next submitted to the cold without a knowledge of the cause, we
cessfully to the most remote markets; place the question of how to get themto Right here comes in the objection of cannot apply a remedy.By .
in fact we have letters 'testimonial of market in such shape that we may the fruit men back East who say 'Do our lesson in chemistry we learn
the excellent condition! in which fruit realize a good profit on them. We not put your fruit in cold storage for that oxygen is the active principal of
treated by us is arriving in all the have given the question of marketingfruits it will not keep ; it decays as soon as the atmosphere. It is ever present and
principal markets of the United a careful study here, and .have it is taken out.. This u process will ever waiting. -
States., come j to the conclusion that this is the show whether that i is true or not. I In the evening we have a dish of t
There are many assertions made that broadest question now before the peo- understand from the little study whichI nice peaches, in the morning they are
fruits cannot be treated successfully ple of California. It has been said have given this question that thereis covered with dark spots, and we say
by cold storage. What is the reason that this question of cold storage is not a right way and$ a wrong one for they are decaying. It is only the oxy-
of these failures ? It is simply that essential to citrus fruits. I went to, putting fruit into and taking it from gen corroding them-breaking up their
cold storage, as applied by those mak- Chicago a year ago and there I saw : cold storage. If you take the fruit chemical structure to form new and
ing the experiments, has been improperly > car-loads of fruits, one-half of which from the room where it has been kept unpleasant compounds.If .
handled. There is a proper and were rotten. I went through some of for weeks at the same temperature, oxygen unites rapidly we call it
improper way to apply cold storage.All the houses there on South Water street and have the temperature of the roomso fire, if slowly we call it decay. Yet
: the bad results obtained from cold where they showed me box after box raised that it will approximate the the process and the products are the
storage can be traced directly to this that had to be repacked. They would temperature gradually of the cold stor same.
improper handling. For instance, it in lepacking put about ten boxes into age it will not decay. I saw this fruit The foregoing may show thi oxygenis
has been the custom to expose fruits five. I sent lemons there myself at taken out two weeks ago last Monday, the principal factor which we haveto
taken from, say, for example, a tem- one time and only about twenty fiveor and it was in a perfect state of preser- combat in the preservation of any-
perature of 45 and expose it to the thirty per cent. was marketed and vation, and the fruit after being taken thing.In .
atmosphere, say, of 80 or 90. Is it the rest reported as rotten. Now, if out did not sweat. The paper in which the orange tree, the leaves, flower
any wonder that the result has been we had our lemons shipped there by the fruit was wrapped was so dry thatit and rind, of the fruit, furnishes each
unsatisfactory ? Of course, the fruitso cold storage, we would know that they would crackle beneath your fingers. its own variety of volatile oil, whichare
exposed would attract all the moist, were, in condition to ba put upon the Not a single orange or lemon in these isomeric and pure hydrocarbons.The .
ure there might be in the atmosphere, market and they could not be reportedas boxes was decayed in the least. Itwas gluten of the inner rind of the
and this would at once begin the work; rotten lemons. I believe the same repacked in my presence and on orange acts as a latent ferment, and as
of decay. On the other hand, had the: to be true in regard to the orange Monday it was placed on exhibitionhere. soon as the volatile oil of the outer
fruit been properly handled and'raised: question. We know that a large per The fruit did stand up after rind has escaped from the cells, the
to a temperature somewhat near that of centage of the oranges do rot when being open two weeks, and as you see moisture of the atmosphere penetrates
the outside before being exposed there sent to the eastern markets. If we now is in good condition, and I judge and is readily absorbed by the fungus
would have been none of these effects, can save five or ten per cent. of our, that it will keep for weeks yet. I do anterior rind, and when saturated by
and the fruit would have had the oranges from rotting by sending themto not see why this proposition in regardto this moisture,which contains by weight ,
same life as when taken from the trees. the eastern market through cold fruit that is placed in cold storage eight-ninths ((8-9) of oxygen, the glu
..By a very little care and the exercis- storage it will pay us well to do it., is not true; that the life of the fruit ten in the inner rind is no longer
jng ot.common business princples all Another thing in regard to the orange' which has just been taken from cold latent but now with the saccharine
these ill effects are overcome. and lemon question : We all know storage is not just as long as the life matter of the juice by the aid of the
Again, in the handling of your that lemons ripen a long time beforewe of the fruit would have been before oxygen, acts by catalysis, overcomingthe
grapes, apricots,peaches, pears, and all can place them upon the market. being placed in the cold storage. now unstable equilibrium of the
deciduous fruits, in the past, you have They ripen in the fall, but if put upon' These are questions to be proved, but chemical forces of the fruit, causingthe
been compelled to use the express, the market at that time we would haveto It looks to me as though we were prov- large molcules to drop into smallerones
paying enormous freights for quick compel the Eastern people to drink, ing them. Experiments made by this thus destroying the whole orange \
'transportation, thus materially lessen lemonade when the thermometer was company in sending their fruits to by a putrefactive fermentation or
ing your profits. This you were forty-five degrees below zero, and that Chicago and New Yo k last fall prove mould, which is the growth of the V 4
forced to do in order to get your pro- they will ,not do. We could not put this question. The testimony receivedof microscopic plant called Tonula Aceli.
duce of this class to market in the our lemons upon the market hereto- scores of people back east. who have The orange decays that the seed
quickest possible time, owing to the fore because we could not keep themin used the fruit which has been sent I,' may be liberated from its imprisonment
highly perishable properties of the proper condition from December back there after being taken out of to perform the functions of gen
same, and then with all of these pre. until July. I believe that" this cold cold storage for days and weeks, is eration, and the same immutable law
{;cautions you have many times ,met storage question is going to solve that evidence,upon this point, and I believe also destroys the seed and liberatesthe
with very indifferent success, at the problem as far as Southern Californiais I that this cold storage question is goingto germ that we may see unfoldedthe
same time never reaching the far dis. concerned. We see in this cold solve the great question here, so far sweet and fragrant orange blossom -
tant Atlantic seaboard. By the use storage the realization of our hopes for as the profitable culture of fruit is of the early springtime.In .
of cold' storage, as applied by the In raising and marketing our lemons. concerned, in Southern California as order to prevent for a time this
ter-Ocean Cold Storage and Shipping We .can put our lemons in cold stor well as Northern California and the natural destruction of the orange and
Company, you will be enabled to age in December and keep them until whole Pacific coast. In Northern other citrus fruits, I have been led
'reach these markets with your most next July, and then sell them when California you have cherries and other through many experiments, such as
perishable fruits, thus opening up to they will bring good returns. fruit which we do not raise. Under acid baths and other antiseptic or
much larger field'and the o'd' sent to
you a bringing system, ifapricots were preservative preparation, including
your fruits in less competition with We have not been able to ship fruitsto Chicago they had to be picked green. fumigations with sulphur etc., etc.,
each other, and at the same time your the East because we have not been Under the cold storage system I can and have, with one exception, invariably
rates of freght will not be nearly as, able to put them upon the market see no reason why they should not be found some practical objections,
high, for by this system a difference of there. We have shipped fruit over these allowed to ripen on the tree and put not readily overcome either in the
two or three days matters not, as the deserts while the northern part of the into the cold storage before being sent process of preserving'or in the rapid-
. fruit knows no change. For example, State had the better route for summer to the market in Chicago in just as ity with which the fruit so treated de-
last season, while you were paying shipment. Now if we can put our crops good condition as when they left cayed after being exposed to the com-
$600 per' car for express service on into cold storage we can put them Southern California. mon atmosphere.R .



,-:'' ,. '. ',-' '.-


,, '"
JULty,4,1887.J ,;, _. THE.-- ?'">FLORIDA.. ', ., DISPATCH.' 565
.. n
One of the experiments I am'much mental,!to, fruit not ,so preserved, as in every instance arriving in bad.or temperature is at the point where fermentation -
pleased:= with and: think it safe to say .the sawdust :will readily absorb the oil der. That kept a at/the grove soon is going on, undergoes what
that! if ever.oranges' and other citrus of the rind, thus_ leaving the pores or commenced to dec&y, breaking down may be designated as spontaneous
firpits,are preserved? for future use,as cells open to any chemical action and fruit combustion, and gives off sulphurousacid.
i be the thus than if much sooner than in the packinghouse of this law
fruit,: it will accomplished on hasten decay more surely Taking advantage
I Hnejof this experiment, which j I now f simply,shielded. by a paper wrapper. that had nofbeeI( treated in any of sulphur, the fine sulphur flour maybe

explain. I find .that, five pounds of, lime to way. Not only did this process fail to mixed with the sawdust in which
1 ffjln commencing; :this"experiment;we one hundred pounds of sawdust is suffi- preserve the'fruit; but it actually poisoned the oranges are packed, and coveringthe
Z must;.' ,take ,nature ,by the hand;, and cient to ,absorb any accumulating it the chemical( solution boxes with paper would retain the
l tentV c,hear: ,; : 'j. moisture, which will chemically forman ; penetrated sulphur fumes, in contact with the
First." Your .preservative; !,. must beelastic. !, : acetace of lime, thus gaining the the fruit, giving it a disagreeable oranges packed in sawdust. This

advantage of the antiseptic, refrigerantand pungent flavor, rendering: it unfit ; must be effectual if the fruit had been
!:Second. Your//preservative r must be preservative properties of the I to eat.. Experiments tried at the first fumigated in the box or room.
air M f tibt. ""'tfThird. d"A pyroligneous acid in the wood. : Fruit Exchange in this city resultedin Here again sawdust would show its
Your preservative' music; be I have on hand oranges of 'last advantage over sand as a packing
the same way, and oranges sent .
waterproof.. year's growth, which were preserved
Fourth The chemicals ;'used "mustall :I by this process early last May, .and here by express which Mr. Hoggson will be noticed that Judge Knapp

'.unite, ,chemically .and..harmonize they,are now as fresh and heavy, apparently had treated at the North possessed the recommends adjunct
within themselves: ,. ,, k! as when taken from the tree.I same acrid taste. fumigation as an
.,Fifth.! The ingredients ,used. 'must have shown the oranges and ex- A to storage in sawdust and not as an
be harmless to man. plained my process to an eminent Fumigation., exclusive means of preserving the

'"Sixth. The preservative used must chemist and he gave as his opinion Another of fruit. Some assert, however, that or-
preserving oranges
not absorb the ,oil or the orange or that "sound oranges or other citrus system be in this
can prepared way so
turn it rancid. r : fruit, preserved by this process will about which a great deal has anges
.' Seventh. All chemicals must be remain good for three months." been said in the newspapers, consistsin that they will keep for months with-

abandoned that will act on the constituent Later on Mr. Hoggson announced immersing the fruit .in sulphurousgas out injury.A company in this city
elements of the fruit, as the or the fumes of other chemicals.J. (Jacksonville) has taken out a patentfor
"The Florida Fruit and Storage Com
least action failure.
means of this character which
".'While still clinging to nature we pany, the preservation and storage of G. Knapp gives the philosophy of has been process widely advertised throughoutthe

gently ask for bint, and in answer oranges, lemons, grapes and other this ,method as follows : State. In the the
we.hear; Gelatin, saccharine matter, fruits a specialty; under Hoggson's Can ripe oranges be held in Floridafor prospectus pres-
bichrpmate of potassa, vegetable.oils, water frost and fire- any length of time awaiting mar ident of the company says :
alum, sulphur syrup, ammonical gas, patent ; twenty ket? The answer must be sought in It is a well-known fact that the
water, and all in proper proportions. proof apartments, with a capacity of an examination of those materials Mediterranean lemon and can
the is made 168,000 boxes of Fruit received orange
When- compound and oranges. called anticeptics. be purchased in the Northern markets
;brought to the, right temperature, the direct from the growers, pre- *| time during the summer months

i oranges, or other fruit, by the, use of a served, stored and delivered (or mar- Sulphurous acid, which may be any which had been picked from the tree
wire dripping basket, is simply dipped keted if desired) day in the easily procured by any person by months before. Their manner of
i in the compound for four or five sec- every burning sulphur in the air is the most been all
preparation has .a mystery to
onds and' then turned out on:a tray to year. Based upon the above, the effective and most readily applied.. Floridians.! I have been experimenting -

:dry. following paragraph has been givento Fumes of sulphur sent into and for twenty years, and during my
!i.It; is. estimated that one man can the public, and ..circulated'very through a mass of fruit i juice or vesselof two visits to Europe gained all the

4ip JrQm.10OOQ to;ll, ,QOO' and with generally by ,the press: fermenting yeast will produce a information I could on the subject.. I
two,. to help from 40,000. to 50,000 per cessation of fermentation at once be- have now solved the problem of cur
"The Hoggson process, so, called it the life of the
day.The cause destroys yeast ing the and have obtained a
manufacture of the compound from its inventor, has,now had all the plant (jsaccharomyces eerevi -ice), to the patent, and orange will furnish it to the or-
comprises several*nice chemical points trial required, and as evidence of faithin action of which the fermentation is of Florida this winter at
and counter actions, which are too due. The or seeds of this plantare ange growers
its success, there are now 170,000 germs the very moderate price of ten dollarsfor
to be described, in.,this article. in all natural saccharine
lengthy present the of the and
boxes stored in New York use patent right a
I will,howeverdescribe its nature and'action. away City, liquids, and hence, are in the fruit of royalty of two cents per box on each
that are 'preparedrepresenting,over the orange, and can only be preventedfrom box cured. It will add from one to
:The,gelatin and saccharine matters $300,000 in money. These oranges action by the application of some two dollars per box on every one thatis

form' an elastic compound. were gathered from all portions of our destructive agent that shall prevent cured by the process. It is simple
1 The bichromate of potassa, by the State, and by another season there their springing into new life. Now, it and inexpensive. All that is requiredis
action qf light, renders the gelatin insoluble is true that sulphurous acid will
; pene- a house twelve feet and eight
will be several l points in the square
.and .imp yio1a! .to moisture! storage trate the rind of an orange sufficientlyto high, I lined with felting to make it air-
,and the vegetable oil further insures North and some, in Florida ; an ample prevent, if not, destroy, these germs tight, in which to place your oranges
this\ciuaUty'o the compound, although storage for,. perhaps, millions of from sprining into active life ; and at trays made of common laths,
introduced 'as a' solvent for the sulphur. boxes." the same time they impart no noxious upon piled one upon top of the other, to be
! I _- .> principle to that juice, or offensive flavor fumigated with a arising from
",j The: glycerine ,or,other ,saccharine Thinking it very strange that sucha to the fruit. ;If we are right in the burning of a chemical compound,
' matter assimilates with ,the volatileoil large quantity of fruit should be this reasoning, and we are sustainedby which acts upon the skin and prevents
:1 -at the oranges; carrying the sul- held in storage in New York, withoutthe the investigations of Pasteur and a the from rotting, without the slightest -

pb\r'with! it, which prevents, spontane.ous knowledge of the trade or the' metropolitan host of others, a method of preserva injury to the taste of the fruit or
fermentation, and the alum soon tion would become apparent, being no its appearance. You frequently hear
contracts the outer layer of the rind, press, we have taken some more than placing the fruit in a box people that the reason the Mediterranean -
,thus? closing, the-poresjand f; sealing,up pains to inform ourselves on the sub-: or room in such manner that the fumes say fruit keeps better is that it
the subhur in the .fruit, also thatlively ject, and find that no such quantity ,could be made to come in contact with has a tougher skin than the Florida

: .aromatic flavor: by a covering has' been*stored, Mr. Hoggson himself all parts of the rind. Indeed, this is fruit That is entirely a mistake. It
Which is elastic, air tight and water that his have the whole secret of the curing houses is simply in the manner of curing
; proof, at a cost not exceeding that of admitting experiments that, have been spoken of for lemons their fruit before shipment which

:, ',paper wrapper. been cifried'on upon a limited scale. The difficulty lies in ,the requisite of makes the skin tough, and our Florida

Fruits, preserved:by this process are The largest experiment was made continued applications, danger of ex- fruit will keep as well or better if
stayed by a cessation. _of the laws of for D. Greenleef, of Jacksonville. The. cessive applications, the cost incident properly cured before shipping. By
I nature, and eventually held In the fruit was treated at Mr. Greenea's'orange ) thereto, and the farther fact that the thiS'process they lose their rigid tex-
; grasp -oft a combined natural force Lake the fruit must remain in the curing room ture, and it renders the skin tough
more potent than the latent chemical] grove, on George, until needed for use or shipment. This and the inner pulp and juice
forces of the fruit, t '> t i last,of February or the first of March ; difficulty may be overcome: from atmospheric influences,and when

The next stejjjn! ,the ,process is,topack the fruit was carefully selected, and First, by placing in the fumigating thus prepared, prevents injury from
; the ,fruit in ,a mixture of air- every facility afforded Mr. Hoggsonto box or room a lead pan, in which is rough handling. In forty-eight hours

slacked lime and sawdust' in a' bin, make a thorough test of the meritsof put a quantity of pure water, which the fruit is perfectly cured and readyfor
barrel box. 'other convenient will absorb the of the fumes.
or manner excess shipment packed in the usual way.
:", This is an. .excellent packing process. A few boxes of the *
!'. material for. fruit.when 4 .preserved as "preserved" fruit was shipped to' New Second. Sulphur exposed to the atmosphere While the merits. of fumigationhave

herein, describedf but.might,. :? * .,


'. '


; i ; ., :'- '

.fiL?_ _, .' .. ', ._ ___ __ __ : _.- _....,___ ,: _. 'ITiOEIBA BISP) TGH< ,_ "_ ''- '" [JULy.4.1887.,
, :

pntil this winter .we find''no record of fact, made entirely without my was applied. The} specimens we tried The same paper says: -

an r,adequate experiment having 'been, I knowledge. To cut the matter were in a good state: of preservation, Oranges to,be preserved should be

short, ,my crop from ten trees, sold gathered before frost, from "the
made withfutnigation as a preservative, both as to soundness and flavor. any
from,February to July, brought me 15th of'November to' the 15th of December

It is a well known and effective agentin more :than 8225.Encourag We think the 21-, U. is.in error in saying ,,and in so doing deriving

*r coloring up"' and curing citrus d by this experiment I Mr. Davis preserved the fruit in great saving from waste, for if left on .

Jruite"but this is quite a different,thing went, in January of this year, and sand; it was working a-sand-preserving the tree a month longer five to ten percent

from preserving them. The, rind of packed a few oranges on Orange Lake.It boom about that time, and everythingtook are lost by droppings}! and fully

green or. fresh, fruit treated in, this happened that Major Fairbanks, on a sandy aspect; but.while Mr.' twenty five per cent. if not picked before -
President of the Florida Fruit Exchange
' : March 15th. The cost of preserving
'way becomes tough and "leathery", opened the way for a little of Davis puts his oranges down in some, : fruits is about twenty-five

and will'stand, handling and shipping j my work on his' "Island Grove." granular nonconductor, as to its make;,.cents per thousand, which is more

much:- Better, out we have no evidence; Though it was a month too late, yet; up, and his method of application. he:'than made up as there is no 10s 'trom
t i1 i t
that this prolpngs the life of the fruit, if I remember correctly, ninety percent is silent. droppings.It .
j ; of the, lot kept till April 30th. .'4 that Mr. John Sauls -W.
on the contrary it is probable that it; seems ,
The packing at .the grove of Bishop, Keeping Oranges in Sand.
wif keep no.longer than would the &.Co/was less successful because H.,:Barrett and Colonel Bodine, well
: Hoyt From time time the
to during
same, ft1Plac\ d in a, cool dry ,atmosphere ,: their fruit had been too recently known orange growers, of Enterprise,
and the, shriveled] di colore4i]; plucked, and yet five-sevenths of it past ten years, reports have ape, Fla., have tried this method this,sea
A little work of the kind peared in print of successful experiments -,
kept. same
appearence which the fruit takes on son, and report that the fruit was successfully
I| was done for Mr.. J..A. Harris, but his in preserving oranges by simply; months
with age ja hastened by this means, preserved for: three ,
; fruit being green, probably hurt by them 'in sand. In July':
burying dry and::
The patent refered to aboye was, the frost, and the packing material and that it retained its flavor
1886 Mr. O. De G. Bertola ,
(.:ried;. on an extended, s le)8.8t; ,winter,I furnished by his agent not suitable, -I juices perfectly. It is probable that '

py Maj MflrrisJf;? Spring Garden,Fla, ,! the experiment, for such it was, proved to the Enterprise Herald .an!. any other finely broken substanceany -

,After being; cured, a number, of boxes. almost a failure. For another party, article descriptive of a way of preserv- nonconductor( ,that would not injure '
at Citra, a few boxes were put up, but ing oranges that according to his ac
were for warded to Chicago, :Maj.; Mor--, or taint the fruit would answer
; the fruit in such
was condition for
poor count is practiced in the Italian -
ri,,wfyo} was, J going to Chicago shortly, keeping that I do not care much to provinces quite as well as sand, some probably
of Sorrento and Calabria and
thereafter wired his agent to hold some' base on it, even if the facts in regard; better. The addition of other ingre .
the islands of and Malta. He
of the fumigated,fruit, in order that to it had reached me. Sicily' ,i dients, such as sulphur and lime; may:

he might examine its condition, on his,: This is what. I have to say on, the says : add to the preserving qualities. ESI n-:
question, What shall we do with our In an excavation from four ,to,
arrival. The agent reported the fruit tially the same principle is involved: :
oranges? I believe my method would even feet deep a board floor is, laid, ,:!
Decaying too badly. to hold., Theta in the methods of Messrs. Davis and
; save ninety per cent. of the orange crop over which is spread three inches'of-
Jsept at the) grove: also decayed very till the first'of May and one-half of it, well dried, clean sand. The fruit,' Moorhouse,which appear''elsewhere in '

rapidly. However valuable fumigation at least' till mid ammer. carefully cut from the tree when barely this issue.It .

may be for 'coloring," curingand The further statement should be ripe, and(] closely wrapped in paper, is, i is but fair to add that many,have
made, that my process is not attended laid on the sand so that even the wraps,
as an: adjunct to other methods,of failed with this method, either whollyor
; with with
any great expense to begin shall not quite touch each other. Thej
preserving it certainly has little or no, and after the first year is even trifling.A interstices are then filled with sand, partially. It may work well,.on a

:value as, a<, preserving agent. As a, final fact needs this statement: and another layer of three inches is; small scale, when all the conditionsare

matter. of fact the Mediteranean fruit i ii The ranges kept by my process are,, put over the fruit to be followed by, just right, but it seems now''too

i Is not;preserved by fumigation as the simply preserved, their flavor im' alternate layers of fruit and sand until uncertain and unwieldy to be undertaken <1 -
rforegoing proved, and they fhip well to distant the third tier is l laid, which has a cov
quotation would lead one to, oints. W. M. DAVIS. on a large scale.
of four to six inches. If
f ering more: .
;nfer but) either left to 'on -
,, is hang Lake City.Fla. -- -
than three tiers are laid, there is dan!
the trees or is stored in cool, cellar*. I On June 10, 1886, the T.-U. refersto Keeping Oranges on the;? Tree.,
-. .. I' ger of crushing the fruit, which can-
"specimens of the Rev. Mr. Davis' not be safely stacked like sweet pota This seems to ,be the only practical
THE DAVIS.. PROCESS., crop of twenty thousand oranges, toes. To economize space, shelves are. way for the average orange grower to

-- ; i -, :',\ which he picked in December last, often used, arranged with galleries be- keep his fruit. The chief risk he runs
tween them, and in tiers sufficiently;
for and which he has in sand in this is from cold. While at
Oranges: \ Kept One, Hundred kept until doing
; "I '. '; 1 far apart to admit the three tiers of "
aid Tjw-eaty; Days.In lately, and is now selling at a round fruit to the shelf. A rough ,board Jacksonville the fruit will be dam-

!jour issue oif April SSjs, n article price. The oranges exhibited in each roof, well l'covered with earth sufficient aged as often as once in three years,

: from M.J3. ,Morenaen. Switzerland-'. case were perfect'in color, weight anq to keep out the cold, heat or moisture, this risk grows less and less the far-
,JFla.nunei, ; the;heading,, i with a narrow entrance to permit access until
flavor, having been simply preservedas ther South one,goes in the State,
jc:now SHALL WE OI81 O8E. ,pp OUR > I at any time, completes the ar 1t
I from the trees." Indian River there is small risk (
OEANUE?" : they were picked rangement, which preserves the fruit upon \ ,

Though, a stranger in your, columns It should ,be bourne in mind that this winter and summer. Not only or.* of damaging frosts, and at Lake ,

I propose, ifit, be but indirectly,- Was the year of the big freeze. angel are kept in this way. but I have Worth no risk at all. There will be

:to throw ,some light on Mr..More-; In May last we had an opportunity seem lemons, grapes and melons taken some loss from other causes, but this -r
,men's question. out after:being in,the sand for months *
of testing some fruit that had been amounts to a mere trifle compared. to
In December 1885,.,I too",tbejcrop as,fresh and palatable ,as though just
preserved by this The fruit the increase, in the price obtained, for
from ten..seedling'prange trees on my process. picked, ,and also in just as good eondi"
lot in Lake. City North Fla., and was shown us by Major George R. tion, for long shipment the fruit. Most midseason varieties

:stowed it,, away as an experiment ,Fairbanks, President of the Florida If the Italian orange crop were put will hang on until March and some

The inducement was the hope of better Fruit Exchange, who gave us the following 'on the market all in a lump, or with even until April. But where the, crop ,
prices in the coming spring, ,A at most but twp or three months in
facts: The fruit was "put in is to be held, on the tree late sorts
tenor more was stowed iu .straw which to handle .it, as is the,case in
,and.needed ,to be ,taken out, and sold process" January 1, 1887. When Florida, it would bring very little, and should selected. Of our late sorts; ,,;'

soon, after the great January freeze, opened, on April 30th; four boxes ex; the annual rental of$500 per acre. forbearing Hart's Tardiff heads,the list. It. will

A large per cent. of this was injure hibited i the following results : First groves, which is now common keep later than any other variety ,of

and the remainer netted not over box,.nine decayed:seventy-three sound; would reduced! to a fraction of that which we have knowledge. Specimens -
$1.50 box. The the amount.
per crop] con.box. fourteen decayed, fiftyf received last month,as we statedat
,received}" such, treatment as to keep I am aware that Italy has a much
for months,after the freeze. Much ,o eight.sound,; third 'box, four decayed, dryer climate than Florida, especially the time still retained their juice

it. was perfectly good-I write, advisedly seventy-nine sound j fourth box, nine during the summer, but clean] sand, of and flavor, the fruit being solid'and '

-in June. If any one doubts decayed, eighty-three sound.It which we have an abundance, thoroughly ,the rind and membrane firm. It will
this statement h& is respectfully re- : dried(}, will absorb little'' '
was a notable fact that there was very keep through July and August Irma
requested to, look at 'the statements moisture, and the fruit packed, as I
no partially decayed fruit in the boxes, recent letter Mr. Hart, who introduced -
made on r the subject in the ; ,have described, would be in no possible ,
Times-Union of June 10th-11th of showing that all that rotted broke danger ,until the rainy season set ,this variety, says: ., .

last pear, 1886. What that paper.. down at once, on: being put in, owing in, which would fuIlp'doable the' time. ,California thinks she is goings i .
said'was' unsolicited. ')by' me ;"'was," x in to causes affecting it before the process in which,it might be}market(),:,: have everything her own1'.watHnUtLe

.<',' .
I .,' < ..:!


j .

JflLY 4, 1>87.1 ,:--,_ THE 'LOIDA.: Id.a
....... .. _
. --"' -- --
.. '- ,

Summer, after Florida oranges are alter word meaning late. In a reportto people have sought Eastern .markets fruits here, and ship at such time as
gone) and the Tardiff is the big;gun the Fruit Growers' Association the for the shipment of .their i citrus and the Eastern market affords a favorable

that will knock the spots -out of'that committee recommended orange growers deciduous fruits, we have had more or opportunity? There is no reason in
subtile idea. Those you tasted 'had- to cultivate it extensively, and less experience in the handling of the the world why this cannot be done all

been picked several weeks. 'If'zany thereby keep the Mediteranean fruit same; and have watched the inception over the State,and then those to whomit
tiling from Jericho or California andI out of the market during the _summer aad'growth of this new industry with is due will have a chance to reap
tnay add, from cold storage or a months. About the lear 1876, A. I. the utmost interest, knowing and feeing some of the benefit from their labor
6ttrid pit can equal a freshly picked Bidwell and myself imported twenty- that could 'certain obstacles be and capital invested in orchards ,and
Cardiff plum and solid as a base three varieties, of the orange from 'Mr. overcome in the matter of lack of vineyards.At .
badl11'would like to.look at it that's ,livers. One variety named the ventilation while in transit, the great a third of-the prices given'above

all' 1 Browns orange," fruited in my garden problem would be solved, and this, the fruit grower''and the storage hand-
8bitu ttlt1 l, however, the Tar Urs in this city and it proved to be among the greatest of your industries, ler would make an ample profit. The
I are attacked in ,summer by bugs of identical with the '< Tardiff." would be placed_ upon a sure and example has been set at Riverside. It
the class that suck the juices from Higle/s Late with us Is a rather much more satisfactory basis The should be followed at every fruit-

pUinJJkins and cotton-boI1s. In ibis more delicate and higher flavored market in the East for your unrivaled growing center in the State.
cage you might as well pick your fruit products, we must say, has in-nowise .
at o'nCethe I orange thanTardiff. It will not hangon
oranges proved a brilliant success financially The Dry Air Process.A .
/ chapter oh keeping oranges on as late as the TardifT but comes inn or otherwise, owing to the certainty -
.: the''.trees might. be briefly disposed of May. It is good through June of heavy loss in all citrus and South Florida paper"says : We
thlisJ were shown samples, by our neighbor
t deciduous fruit
'" however. Elsewhere in this issue shipments, resulting
Wm. last of
ItUJVr10 2BESERVE ORANGE On THE from Lyle, Monday, oranges
overheating while in transit.
will be found notice of another ,
:; :'" THEta. a late which had been preserved three
From lately feel
our experience we
,: ';Plant ,Tardifis and: keep away bugs, fruit of local. celebrity. certain that a new era has dawned months, and are now as juicy sweet
sapsuckers:and COD trabands.P. '- -- -. -- VVe-- pave and nearly as firm as when first gath
upon your people. just received
S. Look out for hail. ... Mr. MoorhoUS Method of Keep- a consignment of a carload of ered.,
"f The ing Oranges. The process of preserving is simpleand
following description of this oranges from the well-known packinghouse -
viz Take select
r variety is taken from Man ville's Orange Under date of May lltB, 1887, Mr.&oorhouse of A., J. & D. C. Twogood, of without easy; bruise, :or blemish and oranges,

$ Culture : of Hibernia, Fla., writes .Riverside, treated by the new cooling them up well in three thicknesses wrap of a

B TA&DIFF.:Synonym() Hart's/' 'LateHart's = Manager Ives, of the Fruit,Exchange, Ocean process Cold as practiced Company by the of Inter-that light, stout paper and scatter them on
:Tardiff. Medium sized,round, as follows: Storage the floor where air can get to them on
skin smooth and thin, grain,fine,iVitth city, and coming through the heated, all sides. Do not pile them one on
brisk flavor. In aliovef "I send you half dozen oranges,justas burning desert of the plains, for nearly -
racy quality the other, but let them lay side by side,
f Retains its they come from box. These orangeswere three thousand miles, as it did, we
average. juices until the loose in and if
perfectly a dry room,
middle of picked on the 6th of December, have the satisfaction of saying that
JuJyTor} even; : later, and isespecially they are well wrapped they will keepan
1886, sorted as delivered in packing the fruit arrived here in the most
valuable l
:; : : on ,$G3t account. almost indefinite length of time.
house, then carefully laid in slatted and order of
Trea prolulc;;a'strong grower: ; ;; branches complete perfect anything Mr.Lyle feels confident that firm
boxes three deep stems down stem known to
tlfornleee ( we have ever come
or nearly ?o; foliage some sound can be thus kept from
hatdistinct.3Di not to touch its fellow), and allowed to from your State. Indeed, we mightsay oranges to the next thus
sweat and dry until the 31st of De- the fruit arrived here almost perfectly one orange crop giv-
;. G. J. JCenworthy, ,Chairman. of ing us Florida oranges the year rounda
cember, boxes in racks ; I then placed sound. From our experience
=:- not to be frowned at '
the Nomenclature I Committe of the them in boxes in the this remark- luxury especially -
tight top open, I heretofore we regard as a when so easily obtained.
Florida Fruit Growers' Association, following manner: able achievement, and we take ,special .
which first described, i brought, this' "Dust from a dredge box, flour sulphur pleasure in recommending this new ]
then half inch fine dry sawdust. to the people of your State Cold Storage.
variety to public notice gives the following ; process
Dust,from box air slacked Fruit much i interest
I a dredge and believe its general adoption growers are taking -
account ol it: stone line, again half inch sawdust, be the means of saving large sums of in the cold storage process with

My friendJJ; !on; jRiyersof Sawb now a,layer of oranges stems down, money to the fruit industries of California regard to fruits. If experiments prove
ridgeworth, Herts, England, made a now fill in and cover with the sawdust annually.We satisfactory, this new process will be of

t hobby of cultivating oranges in'' green ([fruit must not come in contact with are very truly yours, very great importance to horticulturists -
hocess'and he "oolle fud''su each other). (Bloom to bloom end.): T. W. EVANS & Co., and grape raising may be revolu-
perior varieties from the Mediterranean Now proceed as before and so fill up, Fruit Commission Merchants. tionized. Of ]late years wine grapes
( :and South America, and 'after box. Size of boxes, Jx20xl6 inches. Cleveland, O", May 26,1887 have been chiefly set out. Little value
fruiting them would destroy 'inferior Fifteen oranges to each layer and four' a-* was attached to table rap s. The
varieties. I visited him in 1865, and deep. Filled sawdust to top. Have Pears for Cold Storage. market was so uncertain that there

tested many of the varieties he had blinds to windows of packing house, The San Francisco Chronicle pub- was no profit in them. But if the cold

under cultivation.\ : Ikl67, in the closed in damp weather; in fine weatherI lishes the following valuable informa- storage process enables gardeners to
company of Frank Woodward, of open top window a little, also raise tion relative to cold storage : preserve fruits till winter and then
New York, now pf JEati Claire, Wis., slats to give a free circulationbut or- California fruit growers who shipped place) the same on the market, there
# I,'visited Mr. Parsons, a nurseryman anges are out pf the draft). In a box, pears East last fall,and received there. will then be fortunes in table grapes.
of Flushing, L. I. In conversation, of siXty oranges$ I.have found four bad, for but little more than enough to pay California cannot supply the eastern

r he informed me that he had an orange often none, seldom. over: ,two. cost of picking and shipping, will market if the season can be extended
'grove on the St. Johns River, below "Some of the 'fruit was wrapped" as doubtless be highly gratified to learn throughout the winter. Cold storage

,/ Palatka. I remarked to him that for for shipping, others not. I can, spe no that their fruit was put into cold stor- promises to make this possible--San
: -l many years in Australia, I had eaten difference. Few persons,can detect a age there and has been held until re Jose Times.

the Navel orange, and advised him to trace;of sulphur All: ,the change I can cently. The New York Evening Post .

import this variety from Mr. Rivers, see the fruit is a trifle smaller, skin of a week ago says that California Our will be !in readiness for
and I sug ested that he had better im- finer,juice thicker and sweeter." Easter Beurre pears are now being taken shipment by that time. The Cold
)>O'rt'lll Rivers''approved 'varieties from cold storage, where they
'V glad the opportunity testing Storage Company can ship a car load
twenty-three in number. }Parsons, some of these oranges. .'The; skin was have been held until other pears were of fruit from Riverside. to 'the St.Louis.
acted upon my 'suggestion, out of the market. They are sold for four .1
exhibition three days
or ,
all of Rivers' variety and panted perfect,- and the juices and pulp, in a $1.50 to $2 a dozen, and are sound and in each every car can be sent fifty boxes |

them at his grove. Mr. Hart of Federal fair state of preservation. Under date and rich flavored. The producers of of cold] storaged oranges and lemons

Point, obtained buds from the of June 9th,Mr. Moorhouse writes us : this fine fruit did not receive as much and the balance can be made up of

i imported trees and 'propagated them, "I have: a few oranges,keeping nicely, for an entire box as is now beidg paid grapes and other frusta-Press and
but the labels had but will doubtless
as disappeared he for a single dozen, they Horticulturist.
could not name them. About eight same picking> and packing as those referred be glad to learn that the productsof ;

to years since, in the month of April, to in the Ives letter, over six their orchards are at all events ap- Dr. Funk, Boyertown, said he re-
]?tf r. Hart'sent specimens of one var- months old,from picking.":4 preciated, even though the middlemen alized $3.50 to $4 a bushel for Bart-

iety to the pomological committee. do reap all the profit. The ques- lett pears kept in cold storage until

,Upon examination I maintained thai Cold Storage. tion at once suggests itself, however.If Christmas, when his crop at maturity
the fruit was not ripe. We tested the, such enormous profits are made by would sell for only $1.50. He has
variety in June and in August of the We quote the following Jetter: fromCleveland keeping fresh fruits in Cold.storage at kept Astrachan apples till the following -

next year. Convinced that it was a i Ohio, to show"",what..cold. the East, why cannot; the same be spring and successfully kept the
late and valuable storage is thought of in that'city :- done here? Why 1 should. hot thegrowers strawberrrfori ix'weeks.-N.: :Y.: Trib-

e mittee named i it' "gart's'Tardiffcom, ,,;Jor l three years past, or;:tsince you store the, ,pears ;and.other. I unetj



i I

'5G8 l ==TEE- FLORIDA DISPATCH.= [JULY 4,1887.
-- -
.j'" j.* Cold* Storage. (:, J" are "set down upon" the better it will)) XECTUBEOlf

".As'further evidence of the'fact the :,.: : POuIard, be for the fraternity at large/\, Ro ion Bats, Ji
: After a good stock of nice breedersis
method used in this Riverside'cooli .
obtained, the keeper should be very
house; is equally as well adapted to Economy in Buying Poultry. careful to hold on to them, or at least

continuous cold storage as to "cooling the best of the
It is often the case, and especiallywith keep specimens young
off" fruit, we quote the following froman beginners in the poultry business, stock raised each year, for it is not the

interesting article in the Florida that they try to economize their expenses easiest thing in the world to secure i. .

Agriculturist of .the 29th ultimo} defecriptive which, of 'course is all well these choice breeders, and they should LU-U-

of the enough if it is done properly, but the be appreciated when. they are nb ,This la what killed your poor father Shun it.
Brooklyn Bridge
trouble is they generally havea mis- tained. Avoid anything containing i _it throughout :
future useful (F)careers. We older heads object
Freezing and Cold Storage Company, taken idea as to what economy is anda The breeder is oftentimes temptedto to it9ecial'ROUGIF ESS.*

of New York. This company use the result, they often make serious mis- sell his very beat specimens, be- IlUn r I i UUL money away time In rand .

same method as! the Riverside Com takes, which generally are quite a loss cause they command so much higher efforts with insect powder,borax or*
what not,used at random all over
pany. It is said i tq be the largest institution to the beginner in the end. prices than can be obtained for the the house to get rid of BEETLES
balance of his flock val Roa.ches.Water-bugs I
Experience is perhaps the best being more
.of the kind in the. world and Fortwo or three nights sprinkle/
." teacher though oftentimes a very costlyone uable for breeding purposes. This, "ROTOH ON RATS" dry powder, in,'
is Jocated under the arches of the above all things the breeder should about and down the sink, drainpipe
; and all that can be learned from First thing in the morning I
,great Brooklyn Bridge: experience the breeder should study never do, if he wishes to keep on rais- wash it all away down the sink,drain pipe,when :.
aU the bisects fromret to cellar will dlsap-
Along the high walls and archesare into the habits and formation of his ing choice stock, for as like alwaysprodures pear. The secret is in the fact that wherever insects

lines ot"piping (there are twelve flock, and what they require to reap like, it is best to cull the drink are during In the the house,they.mustROACHES

miles of it in all), PO numerous as to the best results. flock closely each year, and send all Clears out Rats,Mice,Bed-bugs, Flies Beetles.
"BOUGH ON BATS is sold all around the world, .
the inferior birds off market and
almost exclude the masonry from The use of economy can be practiced : to In every clime,is the most extensive advertised
sight. These whitein ( immediately entering the be very careful to keep only the best and has the largest sale of any artic of 1U1 kindon
pipes are snowy upon the face of the lobe.DESTROYS' .
,appearance, and dazzle the eyes business, in selecting and buying' the specimens to use in the breeding pens POTATO BUGS ,
with their accumulation of breeding stock for beginners to commence the following season. G. F. M. ..-
: ,
< glittering For :Potato Bugs!: Insects on Vines, ;XX,a tablespoonful -
!white hoar frost from ore to several operations with. Be very.care e,. of the OOwder"Well withsprfnkling shakei.' in a,keg of
water, and applied rot spray
inches thick, giving everything a cold, ful not to misuse the word economy, The Poultry: Keeper says the Minorca syringe,OP whisk broom. Keep it well stirred up.
wierd, mid-winter look. In connec for it does not mean to buy the cheapen is a pound heavier than the Leghorn "15c., 25c.( and$1 Boxes.Agr. size. OUT-

tion with this gathering or incrustation : fows that can be obtained by any and has legs of a whitish flesh OUCHOIIR TrCLEARS BED BUGS

of frost on the pipes, which .conduct means, as this would indeed, be mis color, while the legs of the Leghornsh FLIES. .,

the cold brine around and above i taken economy of the strongest type. I -suM be yellow. The Minorca combis Roaches, ants,. water-bugs, moths, rats,.mice
each chamber, is attached one of the i I*, is generall high priced fowls that also larger ; otherwise. there is no sparrows,jac1-rabbits,squirrels gophers, loc.O .
most important features of successfulcold are the most economical in the end, difference. -------

storage, as was aptly illustratedby for although they may cost a little a>:
President McLeon: by taking his more in the start, yet the superior Leg weaknesses in *fowls ; can .he UlLtJcn ;
eyeglasses and breathing against the quality of their (tifl=spring will more avoided) by a free ue of hone meal in,
9 za: .
lens. Of course at first the glass was than pay for the deference in the their soft food. Board floors in poultry c ,0 Nc

clouded, but in a moment it cleared, original cost. houses are supposfd to cause this c Z: r.Wt1 :\,! ;I',.,,.,.,.....i'
trouble also of feeding :
which would not have been the case it must be remembered in buying a wrong system J

had the air in the room been moist. trio or breeding pen of fowls to start The limbs are weak and unableto Grows all kinds! Frulf.'J'rceaand Vines. Large

What little moisture is in the air, or with, that the character and usefulness bear the weight of the fowl? due to stock Peen-To LeConte and other and Peach other Seedlings) Persimmons cheap i,

which is given off from the produce of the future stock depends entirely the want of bone-forming food. ,Send tor" W.Catalogue.W. THOMPSON, Proprietor,

which is brought in for storage,is constantly npon the parent stock, and if The special foods for causing 'hensto .. Smithville' r ',..Gu.U'.

being deposited upon the pipes, high priced valuable fowls are used }lay are secret preparations, but the ,
because of the extreme cold to which from the first, their chicks will grow following is considered a good formula: 800,000 AC1lli '

the metal is subjected through the influence up like them and be very desirableand Two pounds each of bone, linseed cake, J .
of the cold liquid that is con valuable to have as breeders at dried meat, oats and oyster shells, all ;

stantly coursing through them. any time, and will in their turn com finely ground ; one ounce of sulphur, FLORIDA LANDS:

To further prove the dryness of the mand high prices and thus leave a two ounces of red pepper, four ounces. ,,.
air Mr McLeon took from a crate good balance on the eredit side of the each of common salt and }:
copperas, Situated in the, Counties of Nassau Uuvat
some carrots and hlew from them the account book. and one ounce of bread soda. Mix: the Columbia,Suwanee:: ,Alachua,Lafayette
dust that was on them when broughtin. On the other baud, when inferior don, Hernando,' bumter:: Orange Voiunla,
whole thoroughly, and allow a table- Brevard,. polk, Hiilsborougut. Manatee, and
In handling or sweeping the specimens are bou ht and used,simply spoonfui three times a week to each Monroe. f"'

frost from the pipes it likewise is per- because they can be obtained at a, fowl. As the cost of these substances t

fectly dry to the touch. I remembertwo i small cost, their offspring will, of will be but little, quite a large quan- TOWN LOTS i'J:

upright columns, about fifteen course, grow up like them and will tity can be made at one time. In the Towns of Kissimmee,Winter Haven,
inches in diameter, resembling the never be desirable to use for breeding Gordonville,Bartow,Auburndale, Lakeland,
Seffner,Mango,Orient Eagle Lake, JIaskell,
marble but which
,purest ( was nothingmore purposes. Misery is the one word to describe the Kathleen, Rlchland, Dade City, Owensbpro.
nor less than columns of ice It is easy to be seen that it is not feelings when Malaria is in the system. and Pemberton. / K

which had formed by the freezing of only the price that should be consid- There may not be positive chills, but location A Map of and these Descriptive lands will Notes be furnished showing the "

the.surrounding ,moisture on two four- ered in buying poultry, but the quality there will be cold hands and feet, head application to- the Land Department of the. J,
inch pipes) were as dry to the touchas as well. In fact; the quality shouldbe ache, indifference to food as well as to South Florida Railroad Company. '
everything else, so that life itself is oftena
considered first and to be Fox -
ought GEO.
so much gunpowder. burden. If you are in this condilion, ,:
Another important point I was toldis well paid for wherever it is found. one dose of Shallenberger's Pills taken at .: Chief Clerk,
.,, .
keeping the room in which a given The beginner who bus a fastidioustaste bed-time will almost restore you to healtha :'.: sANFOltD, FIA-
: .. -
and in few more will certainly do,it. v :
article is stored at the proper and an tight purse strings, trying .

even temperature. To insure this, indicators to buy the besl fowls for a "song," gen ,

resembling'steam gauges are erall gets badly left, and when theysee CLEAR WATER : NURSERIES. '
from their -
in the
stationed the company's office, one specimens produced
for each store-room, and are equippedwith : inferior stock, they are quite liable to Choice and Improved( Varieties: of Tropical and Semi-Tropical

delicately adjustable levers, give up the business,and call it a hUmbug fruits, Plants Bulbs and Flowers. ::4 .
which connect with powerful electric of the first water. There is boundto Special attention given to setting.and tending young groves,budding and pruning.old:
a Lawns also agents
ones planting and Flower Gardens. All work guaranteed. c We are '
gong which gives the alarm the mo be "cranks" in all kinds of business, for Hussey's Coulter Harrow and the old reliable brand of Geo. W, Baker's Flesh, Blood and
Bone Fertilizer. All inquiries promptly answered. Send for Catalogue.! Call on or address,
ment the temperature in any of the and probably the business of raising i UNt1Ay: BRO'S, Clear Water-Harbor, Hillsboro County, Fla.Esiubliftlicd .
rooms has raised or lowered beyond a poultry has no more than its proportion .
certain number of degrees., but when they do make a fuss, it i 1856.; 200 Acre in Fruit: ;turnery. .

.... is generally quite plain to the experi :::JFIr1..1i 3a.a :NTa.rseries.AUGUSTA ; .

Cold storage says the Press and enced, to see where: the mistake lies, GEOltt. IA. p, J. lIKllCKlTIAftS, Proprietor-*
The stock of Fruit and Ornamental Trees specially adapted to Florida 1 is doubtless the
Horticulturist makes of and that it is the
shipment entirely beginner'sfault. ., most varied in the United States. Many valuable additions have lately been made to the
grapes to the East, at prices within the lists of Fruits suited to sub-tropical sections. In addition to the usual large variety of Jruite
we offer 100,000 Peeu-fo, Hotter and IPallas Peach Trees;also, Kolsey's ISotaii and
:reach of the masses, a possibility, and Of course, when the breeder tries to other Oriental Plums,Oriental Pears,Japan Persimmon, <( berry Plants Oar stock of Roses, Evergreens., Pnliu, Acacias, and flow
hope to see our Riverside people sell inferior specimens at high prices
we : shrubs includes
ering everything of value for Southern gardens. A peclal Catalogue (Nc 4)
take hold of the business in an energetic to the inexperienced, they should be is published for this branch of our establishment! ,and will be mailed free to all applicants/
cw-\Ve do not employ agents. Send your orders direct to us and avoid being. imposed
rebuked and the harder
manner. strongly they ,
a upon by irresponsible itinerant tree peddlers. { *v


) jy w i


I .

; !
( ) :

':' ;; ;;;::;: : ; ;. "'' __ -'
; -
: :;: X-: ; ; : .' p . ,
.. ,
One Thinjr that Fraud/ Cannot Counterfeit. "." "! .- o .Ld zazaz( t'of d .go-cix do. :z.Q: d:) .00..zad ceo.... o .

Z o. Z -
? s:: s:: o p s: s::
ilm surprised ,to note the following GEO. L McCoNiHE 0 GS cS STATIO\lS.\ :a d m,

i m )1 < I )1 w
a w m. a w 4
response to an inquiry in the Farmers' r _____- _._. -

Club of a late Rural New Porker"ItIs New, Bulldinglat ..... "A'---r'I'"A-.....- ....... :. .....,- _Leave-ArrIve R.R. Wb a rt_ PH AM ilA_...... .. _;
probably true that ( Old Stand.) o 8 to 440 500 W 20 4 40 _sford_ 115 3 (it. 8 20 100 5 35 345
men, without the a 3 8 50 4 48 518 10 32 4 65 ..._.-Belair...... 112 150 8 0812 481 518 3 33
aid of bees make and sell ( ...... ..... ...... "'"" .Crystal Lake" 111 -,1' ... -- -.{ -...
now comb 5 85 ...... 523 __* Bents..... 110 8 03 .._... _
honey in which neither 40 & 42 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fl.., 10 9.05 458 5 33 105..1'- _.Longwood_ 105 134 7 5012 37 45.10
wax nor 13 913 504 540 1107 ._Altamonte.. 102 127 7 3112: 30 430 258
honey is used ; and that the comb is 14 918 501 54.5 11 13 5 55 ....._Mayo........ 101 120 7 3012 26 420 250
15 922 I 510 550 1125 610 Maitland... 100 115 7Z51223: 415 245
made of paraffine and filled with a .18 9 30 518 5 68 1140 6 30 .WinterPark,. 97 107 7151215 4 00 2 35

P substance like honey." Now Mr. ...... ...- .-. .. .. ._....WIlcoJ::_. 95..n.. .. ...... ...
22 945 530 615 .. 12 20 730 ......Orlando.... 9312 55 7U01202 310 215
Editor, I wish to say that the above is Hardware, Cutlery, Stoves and Tinware, 25 ...... ...... ...... ...... ........Gatlin ...... ... ...... _..
Granite: 26 9 55 5 38 6 25 1243 7 4.1JessamIne.... 8990 1240 637 II 49 3 00 152 '
in I not only not probably true, but that it Honsefurniahliig Goods and Z1 9 58 .. ... .... _Pine Castle.. 8812 :37 ...... __.. __ .._
is utterly absurd, mischievously false, Agate Ware, Sash, Door, Blinds. 30 10 05 545 635 12 55 800 ..BIg Cypress... 8511230 6251142 248 140 .
0 Oils, Agricultural Implements, 34 1015 5571650 AM 113 8 15 ..McKlnnon 8)112! ID 61811 S2 PK 232 12) .
and entirely impossible. No such thing Iron and 40 10 00 t6 251 7 05) 6 00 130 8 5.5 I 1.Kissimmee.. .. 75 121n 6 001120 9 05 215 105 r'U
has ever been done and it is Steelllope, Belting, to 40 6:3: : P M 610 PM _.... ....Capmbel1s,. 7111 45 A H 1103 850 PI 1240
very certain Hose and Packing, Pumps, 52 JO 58 6 52 6 30 9 40 ,.Lake Locke.. 631125 10 44 8 25 12 08
that no such thing ever can be Steam and Water Pipe 57 11 15 7 02 6 42 10 O'Z ...Davenport.... 581115 10 32 810 1150
done. Nature's deft '' and Four 61 1125' 710 652 1017 Haines City. 541105 1022 755 1135
Only and delicate Fittings,
'c 68 1142 7 24 710 1105 .Bartow Juno.. 47 10 53 10 07 7 35 11 10
fingers can fashion the beautiful comb Steel Galvanized 72 1153 731 720 1125 ...Auburndale.. 431040 954 705 10 50
Fence Wire, 77 12 03 7 3S 7 03 1140 ... tF1tzhughs... 3810 28 9 44 6 50 10 35
honey. Comb honey is one thing that Mantels, 83 12 18 7 51 t8 05 12 30 ....Lakeland.... 321015 9 3016 32 1010
fraud cannot counterfeit. Whoever 9.1 12 43 812 8 3.1) 1 20 ?,.Plant City... 22 9 b3 9 05 5 45 9 2S
4 Grates, 98 121)3 ....., 850 ...... ....._.Cork___ 17 938 ...... 525 ......
purchases the beautiful, white incomparable Etc. 103 105 832 905 205 _.15effner....... 12 927 835 506 840
.. 105 1 12 8 38 9 22 215 ...... Mango...... 10 9 22. 8 20 5 00 8 J'l
comb honey, may be sure that 109 120 ...... 9 33 _....Orient" 6 915 ...... 4 48 .
he has Nature's product, pure and 115 135 9 00' 950 255 Ar Tampa Lv.. 09 00 : 800 430 730PM
genuine. A few Prof.: H.
years ago "-<- Flag Stations. Trains No.and leave from and arrive at J.,T. &; K.W. Depot. No. 3,
W. Wiley, now Chemist of the Agricultural Agent For and 6 Dally. Nos.1,2,4,5,T,8, 9, 10,zr and 28, Dally except Sunday. Train No. 6 will stop
only at Plant City, Lakeland, Bartow Junction, Kissimmee: and Orlando. Nos.2 and 3 stopat
Department at Washington, Kissimmee for Lunch No.7 stops at Lakeland for Breakfast. No. 8 stops at Lakeland
published an interesting article on sugar Orange Lightning PowderFarmers'Frlendand for Supper. '
Boss Plows, Dangler Oil Stoves, Trough Tickets sold at all regular stations for all points North, East and West. Baggage
in the Popular Science Monthly, Perry & Co's Celebrated Stovrs and checked through.

in which he made the above statement, Ranges, Southern (St. Louis) White PeDlberton Ferry Dranch.-S.F. ItiverRallroad.

apparently in all ,soberness. Afterward Lead, Masnry's Pure Colors in Oil, Sou h Bound North Bound. Sanford and Indian < '

1 when Prof: Wiley was called Masnry's Railroad & Liquid Read Down. Read Up.

for of what Paints, Fairbanks' m I"st Ao. F'st Ac. m Dally except Sunday. .
upon proof was palpably Standard Seales. ::- M'L &Ft STATIONS. M'1 &Ft :' '
absurd to any qne who knows of the 19. 21. 20. 22. )1 South Bound. North Bound.

real nature of comb honey-a sub- 49-Tln Roofing,Sheet Iron,Copper and Tin --P.lL -A.M A.){'lp.K.- Read Dowd. Read Up'
which is Work to order.PIANOS o 6.00 7.00 Lv Pembertn Fery Ar 9.50 4.50 57 !m P Wi Pas. Z
stance clearly inimItable-he' 1 5.04 7.05........ li1t gemld...... 9.45 4.4556 = &; STATIONS &n
replied : "I only wrote it as a scientific 3 5.10 .__ ....._... 0r101e .. .,._ 9.40 ...N.51.Bay St: 25. 24. =
6 ._.. ,- City.. .._ .__ 51 --- .
pleasantry. This statement ORGANS & MUSICAL GOODS 525 ....... a.m ....
was 10 7.35 .....".....Macon... 9.zJ t.t547 p.m -
12 5.35 7.43 .... ..Owensboro......... 9.15 4.07 45 0 -.. 5.50 I v......Sanford ...... ar 8.00 ..N... 19
apparently as candid and earnest as 16 5.50 8.08 ...."__Dade City_._ 9.00 3,50) 41 3._.... 6.03 .........Fort Reed.._. 7.42 -.... 15
any part of the article, and so was Genuine Bargains. 23 6.10 8.45......._Rlchland....._ 8.42 3.18 :31 5 ...-. 6.10..._. ..ut1edge......... 7.32 -.- 13
32 6.00 9.15 _*Tedderv1lle.. 8.22 2.4025 7 ....... 6.20 ...._...... Clydes. .. ... 7.20 ....- 11
widely copied by the press of the :n 6.45 9.40 .".-." .._Kathleen..., .. 8.10 220 20 12 .-.. 6.35 .....--ClItt.on ...--... 7.03 _... 6
liko all 40 6.50 9.52....N.....Grl1fin's MilL....... 8.03 2081713.\ ...... 6.-t3.. .. Tuskawllla.. .. 6.55...- 5
now untruthfulstatements
17 .......\ 7.07 .... OViedo ..... '6.40 _._ 1
41 x'.2010,30 ...... .Lakeland......... 7.55 1,5514 -
Being Sole Agents In the South for ""
it is, ever and anon, lifting 51 7.4511.00 ....__.Haskell.......... 1.30 1.00 6 19 _.... 7.15 ar..Lake Charm....lv 6.aJ M._ 0
its ungracious head only to do mis- CHICKERING.,MASON & HAMLIN, MA- 57 8.00 1I.? Arrtve..BartowT.I ve 7.1512 40 0 .1

chief.: THUSHEK, BENT & ARION ISartow Branch.-Dally. No.8-At Lakeland with train for Bartow,
I' at Bartow Junction with train for Bartow.
Comb honey owes its excellence to South Bound. Worth Bound. No. 11-At Bartow Junction with train from
PIANOS Pas. Pax :m !I $LIPas.lo. Tampa; at Bartow with train from Pember-
very delicate structure. The cell- &Ft zerATIONS.- &Ft No. ton Ferry,and Florida Southern Railway for
walls of the comb are only 1-140 of 13.)1 12. ,H. Punta Gorda.
an train
r No.12 At Bartow Junction with for
inch in thickness, and thus the deli- ORGANS ;;;:; Lv Ar A M. ;:;: Sanford.No. .
11.45 7.40 0 Bartow J'nc 1710.40 7.10 13-At Bartow Junction with train from
breaks ,
cate wax up in the mouth 12.fO 7M 5 WinterHvn 1210.25 6.55 Tampa.No. .
almost without any extraneous force> 12.20 9 Lake\ 8 10.05 6.35 .14-At Bartow with Florida Southern
8.25 G'rdl
1 235 5 9.506.20 train from Punta Gorda; at Bartow Junction
and just serves to reduce or dilute the MASON &HAMLIN, BAY STATE, 12.55 8.25112/tO'rilonvi1te/ 0( 9.30,6.00} with train for Tampa.No. .
PACKARD ORCHESTRAL. 15-At Bartow Junction with trains
exquisite honey, and so becomes one CONNECTIONS.TRAIN from Tampa and Sanford at Bartow with

of the coveted articles of diet. It No. 1-At Sanford with People's and Florida Southern Railway for Punta Gorda.
Everyone given benefit of our one price system DeBary-Baya Line Steamers from Jacksonville No. 16-A t Bartow Junction with trains for
)! seems almost like sacrilege to say that and prices guaranteed lowest. Easy and J..T. fc K. W.train from Tltusvllle; Tampa and Kissimmee.No. .
such an incomparable article be terms of payment, and payment of freight assumed at Bartow Junction with train for Bartow; 19-At Pemberton Ferry with Florida
f can by us to Purchaser's nearest R. R. or at Lakeland with train for Pemberton Ferry. I Southern Railway train from Gainesville; at
made artificially. As before stated it steamboat landing. No.2-At Lakeland with train for Bartow; Lakeland with train for Kissimmee.
t is a t Bartow Junction with trains to and from No.20-At Bartow with Florida Southern
utterly impossible, never has beenJ Bartow; at Sanford with People's and De Railway train from Punta -Gorda- at Lake-
done, and never c n be done. I hope Bary-Baya Line Steamers for Jacksonville, land with train for Tampa; at Pemberton
Editor and J.,T. &; K.W. ti ain for Jacksonville and Ferry with Florida. Southern Railway for'
Mr. you will publish this correction Titusville. Gainesville and Palatka.No. .
at once, and that the BANJOS, AC- No.3-Has Pullman Sleeper and Through .21-At Bartow with Florida Southern'
many Coaches without change between Jacksonville Railway for Punta Gorda.
papers that have spread the error may CORDEONSand and Tampa. Connects at Sanford withJ i No.22-At Bartow with Florida Southern
be ,.T. &K. w. train from Titnsville; at Bar- Railway train from Punta <:Gorda; at Lake
equally quick to fling out the
correction tow Junction with train for Bartow; at Tam- land with train for Tampa.
t ; even then much will all kinds of small Instruments offered at pa on Mondays Wednesdays and Fridays Connections are matte at Tampa by the
wrong lowest prices. Send for our Illustrated cat Mall both north
a- with Steamer Margaret for Manatee River, Limited West India Fast ,
be done for as we all know, falsehood,. logue._ 'f and on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays and south bound with the elegant and commodious

will traverse the globe while Truth is .' ., with Plant Steamship Company's ships for FastMafl{ Steamships Mascotte and
: :; t: ; ":' Key West and Havana.No. Whitney of the Plant Steamship Co.,to fend
hitching up her horse.-A. J. Cook, 6-Han Pullman Sleeper and Through from Key West and Havana and with steamer -
."';'" Coaches without change from Tampa to Jack- Margaret for all points on HIllsboroughand
Agricultural College, Mich. Artist IdaterlalB sonville. Connects at Tampa on Tuesdays, Tampa Bays and Manatee River.
,.," .. Wednesdays and Saturdays with Steamer Passports can be applied for through any
Picture Frames, Margaret from Manatee River and on Sundays Notary Public,and Notary's certificate that
The Best and the Cheapest. Tuesdays and Fridays with Plant s uch application has been made,when vised
Fine Pictures, Steamship Company's ships for Havana and by the Spanish Consul at Key West,will an-
Mr. E. H. Mitcham, Rosetta; Ky., Fancy Good, Key West, swer the purpose of a Passport.
writes: "Havebeen sellingyourHughes'Tonic No.7 At Lakeland with train for Pemberton W. McCAY
for Albums, Stationery. Ferry. Gen. Freight&Ticket Agent.
years. It is generally concededto '- .'
be the best and cheapest remedy for We can save' 'on' 1001103" iu'anything In

Chills and Fever. curin several cases Music, Art.,or Fancy Hoods: Write us for
prices PANOOAST &
with one bottle. Hughes* Cough Syrup ,

meets with ready sale and I find it to bea

splendid remedy." They are honest and ., ,, -, ", FRUIT AND PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHA --S"' ,
valuable remedies. ;;.' '

Prepared by R. A. Robinson & Co., LUDDEN!&BATES S. M.H. PHIIiADELPHIA.l "

Wholesale Druggists. Louisville, Ky. ''' ,' inaugurators, of the Ventilated system of shipping Strawberries_,from<< .Florida (without Ice).
Sola,at retail
by Druggists generally.' Ji; :,' SAVANNAH. I GA. cc r"1)QO' ;:,'_Our Acc't Sales and check Saturday for every shipment closed out that week


I .



F .

670 ." SHE ITiOKIDA DISPATCH. [JULY 4. 1887.


: :. :FROM .
I., \'v .j PIER 21, E. RIVER, ii ,

E;'?! ,J.E? RAY THlRSDA) Y. = EV E RY FRIDAY.ICutCN l '.

K ? f .
._ .(. .J; '.
"j '"- Lnvc.t of Freight Always (liveii.
>!r i iJt _
RATES OF "PASSAGE, OrderallyourireigbtlromNew.YorkPhiladeipbla and'.Bos
'' '
? New York
; JACKSONVILLE TO NEW YORK : l a t Direct connection at Fernandina with F. It. & N.lty..,' -

ALWAYS .THE LOWEST. .. : '-= For Jacksonville and all interior points In,the State. ;+i.ir.$>
,.f. I '+
The magnificent Iron Steamships of this Linn will sail fromFERNANDINA This Pioneer Line offers to t Klorldlans,the Traveling Public
,FLA., for NEW YOKK,every,Thursday evening and Shipper ol Vegetables and Oranges the Quickest and
alter arrival of 4::&*.train from J ksonville, and eveiiln Only Olrect Line U> New Xor
trains from Cedar Key, Ocalo, Leesbursr, Tavare-, urlando mid jKi hrough Ti jketsand information secured in advance atHouthFloY'lda
: points. principal points In Florida. State-rooms reserved from Jacksonville -
CITY OF SAN A..NTONIO..Thursday,June 2 or Fernandina office.
STATE OF TEXAS...._...._......._. ........_.-Thursday,June M *Trains leave F. R. &N. Co's,Main Depot, foot of Hogan
CITY OF SAN ANTONIO........_....._.........Thursday June Jd street.-Jacksonville, at '30am and 1.O:? p nl,on sailing days:,
STATE,OF TEXAS ................................._.Thursday: June 13 landlrg passengers on Steamship's wharf, toot of Centre,St.,
CITY OF BAN ANTONIO....._..._._..._ _.' Jane 80 is extended Fernaudina. ., ." -' :. t
attention going
STATE OF TEXAS............._.....?......._.._. ThnS. % Every this llne. The,possible table is with passengers the best the ( *srFotTickets and.u.State-rooms, and further... Information-, ,- ,
crTYOF8ANANfONlo, ..... ......_.............Thursday'July il by New York and Florida supplied markets afford.R."W. :. .,,'" apply to ,

SOUTHWICK Agent, Fernandina Fla. A. H. CBIPPEN, Gen'l Travling Agent J. M.-CUTLER, Pass. Agent,75. West Bay St., ;;Jacksonville. : FlaT

: C.H. MALLORY & _O" General Agent, Pier 20 East River, foot Fulton street, New York City. : ." : t: ':' +

.. i ._p-i, ., 1


"; .. I..'" .. ....1..
AND" : y
,, '

T he F J. C) rl.: da :J:) i Sp: a1-o h x.... iip., ,. ..' ''
....... '': 'I' -
v.'r'i 'r' With the Magnificent Connections. : .' "

The .a eatFast Express. Freight System f.th. : .. South.

J+ Tha attention of shippers Is directed to the Plant S. S. Line between Havana Key West and Tampa,and People's Line of Steamers between jSanfonUPa: ,
latka and Jacksonville. South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford S., F. & W.Ry between Jacksonville, Gainesville, River Junction and Savannah and Charleston, and:Ocean Steamship'Line between Savannah, Philadelphia Boston and New York. The best equipped, fastest* and most
r prompt lines between all points in Florlda\\ "all.points North and Northwest. Receivers and Shippers will! profit by following'unparalleled connection :

-0;;< '
Double? daily fast freight service for all points West via Albany,Jesup and Savannah Double daily fast freight service fromall, points North and West via Albany Jacksonville,Jesuland Calla Savannah
to all points In Florida; fast freight( trains both via Gainesville ;
Dally fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern Interior ban and Live Oak. -
,and Coast points,Including New York Boston Philadelphia Baltimore Washington and Tri-weekly service by the steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company, salllnif from
,Providence. New York(New Pier, 3o,North,River,) direct for Savannah Tuesdays,Thursday: and Saturdays.
.i,Tri-weekly connection for New York via the Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savan- l
nah Mondays,Wednesdays and The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers leave Boston every Thunldas-
Twice fit week for Baltimore via the Merchants and Miners Transportation Company, leaving for Savannah direct making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight! \ train
Savannah Tuesdays and Fridays. for all points in Florida. Only direct,line froi, vew England to the South.
"*-Weekly connection for Boston via the Boston and Savannah Steamship Company, leaving From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., 'g from Philadelphia every Salurdnyifo
Savannah every Thursday. Savannah direct. "
Weekly connection for Philadelphia via the Ocean Steamship Comauy,leaving ,Savannah From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners Transportation Co., two steamers per Weekfrom
everySaaturday. _, : Baltimore Savannah:direct making close connection with S., F.A W. Ry for, aU)
H Sailing. days for Steamships are subject to change without notice. points South.
The Florida Dispatch LIne is the quickest and best fast freight route from,all points North East and Westjto Florida.. For full particulars, rates, stencils and shipping receipts app
ito, any agents of the above lines, or to WM. P. HARDEE, Gen'l .Freight Agent,vannah, Ga,
i C; D.: OWENS, Traffic Manager,Savannah,Ga.. *- .. > W. M. DAVIDSON, Gen'l Traffic Agent,Jacksonville. e. ,
H. M.SCHLEY., Trav.Agent..Gainesville. J. E. DBAYTON,Trav.Agent. Live Oak. J. IL STEPHENS,Agent, Jacksonville.; '

W"TTnllT L'--J
t .. SALE BY
Teachers,' of Piano; O. R. THATCHER,

Teachers Teachers of Organ of Theory; ; Manager, 11 FLORIll ,'sOUTI HEI} MILffiY COIPiSY

Teachers of Choirs; ,

Teachers," of lUugic in Schools; San Mateo, Putnam County Florida., : ..<_ 4' -' '.. ,'. .t ,
Teachers of all Instruments; SITUATED IN THE COUNTIES OF 'r

.f" Trainers of the Singing Voice; -
% Columbia Bradford Clay Putnam Alachua, Levy, Marion, 'Orang'e,
Teachers of Classes; The best varieties of the Orange and Lemon :
and other Citrus Fruits. Sumter Hernando ,Hillsborough, Brevard, Baker, Polk & Manatee, '
;Ale all WELL AND FULLY provided for in the j I y'

:. ;contains Immense 500 stock books of Oliver directly Dltson used&in Co.teaching,which I I Choice varieties of the Fig ol recent' .Intro Consisting of the finest Orange, Fanning, Vegetable and,Grazing Lands In the State. of" Flor.

and 1,500 other music books,all well compfledand ;: dnctlon. ida. Price jl.25 per acre and upwards, according to location.. ;" .', .
a erl1l. These are of their own publication j I The Cattley Guava,both the Bed and. ,Yel For further Information,applyjo Office Florida Southern Railway Co., Palatka,J JI l4'JLI <<
,and,they have In addition, all the other ''"
noted books of the world. Also, pieces of : t' \
low.The P.
Sheet Music almost without number. 14. N. WILKIE, {
Peach and Pear of the sorts best adaptedto 4
,Ai Teacher of Music who cannot visit their the soil and climate of Florida., ',. ?" Clerk and Cashier,LaadiDepartmenL Chief F.nginccrand Land Commissioner.I
New York
stores In Boston or Philadelphia,
sor \that of Lyon & Healy In Chicago, their The Japan Plum,.varieties of the Mulberry t' : "

,,invited principal agents call for in and the examine WEST, are. cordially Go's Hart's Caoice Bananas,Grapes,Pecans eta : :E ITA DARD HAYING TOOLS ROT-NOT,

books In any reputable music store,or to cor- -TACKINQOUT:; I FIELDS OR MOWING AWAY IN BABSSTh'ow For preserving Meats, Milk, Rutter, i Syrup
,respond directly with OLIVER DITSON& Co., 49-Ca aloguo free on application. of good Hay Carrier and Fork a few hoars In a catching. Cider, and Fruits and Vegetables of every
"BOSTON. time mar ave many rims It*eott. At such time,anytbluj thai kind in their natural state. Tasteless,Odor-
Lists and catalogues cheerfully furnished to BKFKKENCES:-Crosby&Gowen Ban Mateo; l..iiit.U"he; handling other taiaeiu the risk from bad weather. less;: Harmless. Enough 'for five gallons,by'malt
Hon. H. W. Lyle, San Mateo; W. J. Webb, |1. Intelligent Agents Wanted. '
all to music
the profession,and inquiries as P IAlka. G
f,and music books answered and musical ad- I I = KING'S A.&P.AOENCY.7782dAve.N.YCity.
vice given by their ai inof employees many -
i o(' whom.are well,train 'singers,players and 'ORANGE' TREES I .
;composers. Send toOt ill on TRAVEL VIA
OLIVJBR' JDITSOIV CO., Boston. I, Through Trains with Dining
Cars, Pullman Palace'Sleep.
C H. DITBON & Co.,867 Broadway, N. \ !::1'UH I i Ing Cars, Modern Coaches.

FORSummer Greppta Sure connections In Union
T11 fork. Its terminal
Depots at points,
r For1Tktel Carrier, r LRe.erstbfe I with trtlnfl.rom and to the
f fI1 d East West,North'and South.
We intunfactare AnU<7riedonr Swlrel and Rod Cheapest, Best and Quickest
LOW COST HOUSESAND Planting. : Hay Carriers, Harpoon and Grapple Hone Hay Forkt. Pull and-f s. F Route from1 Chicago'Peoria
Floor Honks: ,eta. Also the celebrated Halladay Pnmpfnit SL Louis
I Geared Wind MIIU. Cora Shelters Feed :Mill. Stalk Cnt er o.f
HOW TO BUILD THEM. ".... .,!..." Horn Powers Jaeka: Tanks Pump, e -. Send for ,catalogtM: DENVER PAUL,
30 cuts with specifications, estimates, and and U.s.WINDENGLVE&PUxrco.Dat.vta.lU.prices. AIr 1ItI..aDk'dlaatl1lD..t terriu" SAN FRANCISCO, MINNEAPOLIS,
desirable modern houses,
full description '
..from t)'()Oms up,costing from $400 to $.OO<> ..' r. OMAHA, dRTiAND: ;ORE.
profusely illustrating every detail and many ,KANSAS CITY, ST. JOSEPH, '
or4rtnalldeas in regard decorating. Homes ,Budded Trees'of Choice Varieties CITY .OF MEXICO, ATCHISON ,
adapted to all climates and classes of people. < '. 8Y SNDING( 30 3 0 CENTS[( For Tickets Rates Maps ftc;,apply to>Ticket Aatvl*
-I The latest best, and only cheap work of'the ., of connecting lines, or address :? .T-,F
kind in the world. Sent by mall, *to 134 inches diameter, two year old buds. r.J.POTTER, H 8.STONE, PAJ.lj'fri!:t;t
postpaid, upon receipt of 25 cents. Stampstaken. Also Sour Seedlings all sizes. For sale cheap. in stamps,youii..HANDSOME BOX of notepaper- 1st IO. 'MJ. AM. '. 0.'Pg'1" .
Address r get by \ '.. ,
.1 For*FronounclapW Dletionsryeitrtdini <<-3t
.BROOKLYN, .. .BUILDING. ASSOCIATION, A. ii. MANVIL.LX:, I.I put ant up apee tpat;, FOR LADIES i and Pen and Pectl1 )pages. tend' ISe.-la* stamps, ,*f' -> ,-to. Jacksonville,Fla. ,
Brooklyn N.Y. Address CEORCE E. STEVENS -

3 ..

_11 1 .

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....:" '.".'"',''1.:;,;..:.. -'- .....-;., : >.. .".' ""

JULY:. 4, 1887.J :. ': '- ",< ,.. f'd''f (} ,,4-THE FLORIDA. DISPATCH._ _-- -. 571J

___un_ ___



TIME -FOR. L tlOR-.lDk Jf
/<> AF arm Ingl i either art.10 eta.; both srts.20 eta.
VV No Ump r accepted. Send nlrer or posUl note. RAILWAY
53 to 55 HOURS > k /L NEW YORK, TheM tenons are complete! ,and an the same from :
which students an taught at HATeD" Colleges, and which '
BKTWXEHVavannah amble us to fit students for Shorthand and Tro-Writing AVISATI eO.
office position In Three Months'time. The leasoni an
BOSTONAND solely the work of Mr.Curtis lUren.can be learned at homely I
Hew York a Child,and cannot be obtained except at one of UaTen'i
and Philadelphia tiollegea. The. Christian Obtenar. Balhmart, Jfot, says: SCHEDULE IN EFFECT MAY 2, 1SS7.!!
and between Boston ."They are a great advance beyond other systems making
and Savannah the atqnUition of Short-LUnd comnaratiTelr eair." Address Standard Time,:33 minutes slower Jacksonville -
either Ilaren'i College: New York.N.Y.; PhiUdelp local.
PHILAQELPHIA.'Ocean $a.l Chic ago,PI; Qncinnat.0.) BaaFnuvdscoCaL,,;
65 to 70 To
Arrive LeaveRead

Read up.No WI ST. down.
r Steamship Company.Central a 7 20 p*....Jacksonville NNN 800 a 300 P
RAIL W A"1t. 10 3< a 650 p*...*.?Baldwln.*.*._ 8.n a .02 p
10(0 a 6 28 p.Macclenny.902& 431 p
fit'/, ( or 90 Meridian Time) SHORT LINE 9 54 a 6ZlpGlenht.. Mary?... 9 07 a923a 437p455p
,, r'. Passag'o! Rates, : ,*- 9 as a 6 C8 p_......Sanderson__.
I Between Jacksonviire and.New York, 1st class $21.75; Intermediate. 16.75;' FxcursIon13.50; TIME CARD IN EFFECT JUNE'19,1887. i 907a( 545 p...***.Olutltee-._ 944 a 520p
! Steernire$11.75. 833 a 519 p..NNN Lak a City..1010 a 600 p
I if' ..Jacksonville and Boston, lit class$&W; Excursion 813.50: Steerage$12. 0. All Trains on this Road are run by Central 757 a 452 p..N..Welborn.-.1035. 84lp
': THE Magnincent Steamships. of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: btandard Time. 743a727a 4 40 _**Houston.?****10 48 a 658 P
4 27 Live Oak. .10 58 a 780p808p
Passenger Trains will leave and arrive dally p.** **
, FROM SAVANNAH NEW YORK. follows .- 640 a 4 00 p..EllaVUle.ll2 a
\ TALLAHASSEE Capt. Fisher ...... .... .......u......... ...... Tuesday, July 5- OM. p.m as : 601 a 3 26 p...**.*Madlson>...**..12 01 p 848 P
CITY,OF SAVANNAHCapt.F.Hmlth. ... ................>...... U' Krtday.July 8-- & p. m INDIA 52ia505a p..Greenvllle1280' 925p
, Cl'iY OF AUGUSTA, Capt. J. W. Catharine....................... Sunday,July 10- 930a m Arrive Jacksonville.WEST ...._FAST. XAXI... .......!2flO n'nLeave 237 ))...__A I1cUJa.--12(8 p 947p
NACOOCHEE Capt.Kempton ...,. .. ... ...............nn...... Tuesday, July 12-11:00 p.mTALLAHASSEE Jacksonville..__ **..**. *._ 7.0u a n 446a 220p.N.N..Drllton-.107pIO09p
,Capt.! Ffcher....:.................................. }4'rlday.Jnly IS- 1:30 p.m Arrive ._....*_* *...*_**_*'9:18 a m* 515 a 2 50 ar..Montlcello..ar... 135 1085
CITY OF SA VANNAl{.Capt. F. Smith. ........................... Sunday,July 19- 4:00 p.m Arrive Jesup Waycross.*....._...... ..... .10-.32 am 420a 155p.lvMontlcello. Iv 1240p p 980p P
CITY OF.AUGUSTA. I Capt.,; J. W. Catherine...................... Tuesday,July 19- 4:30: p. mNAOOOCIIEE **** **. **** *
....._.__. _12.06
Arrive Savannah m
Capt. empton. ................'.:..'............ ....... Friday,July 22- 7:00: p. m *-* 4:46: p 4 46 a 220p....._ .Drifl on_._. i07p009p>>
'rALLAHAS8tE. gait. Flsner. .. ... .. ... ..........:.....>..:.....,...Sunday,July 24- 8:00 a. m Arrive Charleston Richmond N..N.N..NN..NN..._. .. &51 p m : 4 22 a 200p... .....Lloyd._*.*?... 145pl035p
CITY OF SAVANNAH. ..... .: .............. .... ..............Tuesday, July 28- 9:30 a.m Arrive _******* .*.11:30 a m 4 t15( a 130 p...._Chalres._. 168 p 1049 P
CITY OF AUGUSTACapt.. W.Catherine.:................. ..... .FrldayJoly29-1:30p.m Arrive Washington *** ***** a m 380 a 10i' p.NNN.Tallahassee..N. 2 Z1 p 11 Sop

NAOOOCHEE, Capt. Kempton....-..........;'.....,....:.J.r.........Sunday,July 31- 3:30p.m Arrive Arrive Philadelphia BaIUmore12:40.. ..._.. 3:10 p m m 2 25 a 1235 p..Mldwp)"....._. 2M P 1240&
*** ***** p 140 a 12 09 p .. Quincy..._ 321 p J 40 a
FROM: SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. Arrive New York .... .. .
*** *** ***Newyork 1248 a 1150 p...... Mt. PleasantRlver 341! P 230a405p
CITY OF MACON,Cart. w.,Keiiy...__...__..___......: hursday, July 7,at 7:80p.m Pullman Bullet Cars to and from 1201 a II 25p_ Junction N. 8TO a
UATE CITY Cap Hedfe .* *_ ._....:-..-' .Thursday, July 14.at 1:00 p.m and Jacksonville and ullman Sleeping cars .
CITY OF MACON! ,Capt.;'W. Kelly*...N..N.. __..N.......,?..._..Thursday,July 23,at 7:00: a.m to and From Jack sonville and Tampa. SOUTH.

(i.&TE'CITY, Capt., Hedge.,..._._.....-... ._ ._...._.....__Thursday,July 28,at 12rtO m MAIN LIN .

I Arrive Jacksonville*.....**...***.*.*. 7:45 p m 10.15 a 4 05 p_ Fernandina*.,..1Q 10& 4.00 p
+ These Steamers do not carry Passengers.] 2- 8:30 m Leave Jacksonville....._*....._.. 1:00 a m ....MN. 24lp..._Callahan...._.Ji27a. .__
UESSOUG, Capt. N. F. Howes.. July p. *
.NNNW.MIMNNMNNNNNNN. Arrive Waycross..._ .__ __ 9:18 a m 630a 2SOp.Jacksonvllle..U
*** 35 a
JUNIATA, Capt. Aeklvas..N..N.NN.NW.NINNN.NN.N..HMNNM..N......-.Saturday,July 9- 9:00 a.mDESSOUO Thomasville .... ... 1:22 9Wp
Arrive m 515a425a 141 Baldwin
*** p p.** .........124I
Capt. N. F. Howes..._...._.___....... ._Saturday,Jnly 162:80p.m Arrive Bainbridge ..._ 8:35 m 110 P OT20p
JUNIATA Capt.Askins.... ... ...._..__._....Saturday,July 237:30 p. m ** *** p p..N.NHighlandN..N..1 10 p II 05 p
***NN..N.N.N.* *** Arrive Chattahoochee..............._.... 4:04 m 4 OS 100
DE8SOLG, Capt:;N. F.Howes_........__**...... .. ...........*-*._Saturday,July 802.00p.. m Arrive Pensacola via L. fc N.RMM.10:10 p p m 3 45 a a 1245 p p..Lawtey_***.Starke _._. I I32 18 p P 1124 1147p P'*

THESE PALACE STEAMERS, Arrive Mobile via L.AN.R.R...**..*.2:15 a m 3.05 a 12.05 p..._W ) n..N?, 10M P J2.252T
Connecting with the Savannah, Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line) Arrive New Orleans viaL.&N.R.R 7:10 a m 218a 1144 p*.** Campvllle _. 217 p l 00 a
other line. Pu Iman Buffet Cars to and from Waycrossand 2(2 a 1131 a*.*.Hawthorne. 226p255p 115
Offer to the Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no a.
New Orleans via.PensacoU and Mobile.A. 113 a 1104 a ._ CUm ._ ..
Through Tickets and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North,East and Northwest 202.
'f1s Savannah. For In'ormaUon and rooms apply to 10 23&......Silver Spring??. 386 p __
HENRY YONGE, Agent, 0. G. ANDERSON. Agent, C. LINE EXPRESS. i0p 1010 a*.**..*.Ocala....._ 362 p '315w
Pier No.85 North Riser New York. City Exchange Building Savannah, Ga. Leave Jacksonville.*..****.....**..*... ?& p m 1100 p $9 43 a.Belleview\._. 420 P4 00 ok
RICHARDSON & BARNARD.Agents Savannah Pier,Boston Leave Callahan.*.....***.**.***...*** 2:47 p m 10 20 p 918 a.Oxford...._.. 4 44 p 4 85 1,
W L.JAMES Agent, 18 S.Third Street,1lhiiadelphia.d. Arrive Waycross..*......**...*...*....*** 4:40 p m 1002p 9 C8 a..***WIldwood_.. 4 55 p520p 4 5-3 O535a
D. HARHAbEN, East.ernAgent, Sav., Florida 4 Western Ry. Co..261 Broadway Y. Arrive Savannah*.*....***...***...*** 7:58 p m 9l5 p 8 40&...***Leesburg?._?
O. SORREL.. Gen. Manager. H. R. CHRISTIAN, Soliciting Agent. Arrive Charleston****.****.**.....*... :25 a m 9 00 p 8:31 a....**,Eldorado..._. 529p 6 50 a
.l'orTicketa apply to 8., F." &: W. Railway office. Arrive Wilmington_..........._......._ 8:25 a m 830 p 815a.Tavare ..__* fi45p 6 15 a
.. .. Arrive Weldon*._?................___.2lOpm 7 10 p 6 55 a..Orlando *....?. 1 C6 p 815 a
tt Arrive Richmond __?......._ o._ 6:00pm
E. X. L'E1fOL1C. W.A. DELL. Arrive Washington*..***.._._.......11:00 p m Cedar Key Division.

STATE BANK OF FLORIDA. ArrIve New York_........_...._........j 6:50 a m '10.15 a 4.05 p__.Fernandina._.10.10 a 4.00 p
Pullman Buffet Sleeping Cars from Jacksonville -- 2.47 p.._...Callahan.?_11.27 a -_
Safe Deposit 8 a re. to New York. 6.30 a 2.30 p... .Jacksonville. ._JL85a 9.01 P
5.30 a p........Paldwin. .... .12.45
p 10.20p
Open Dally (Sundays and Legal Holidays excepted). Banking hours 9 a. m. to 8 p. mSafe EAST FLORIDA EXPRESS. 4.25 a4.(8a 1240p._._.Highland.*.*..** 133p lU>5p

Deposit hours 9 a. m. to 5 p.m. Arrive Jacksonville .....***....*.....* 9:45 a m ( 12.20 p?_ .Lawtey. *..._. J.'"Ip 11.21 P
Fire and Burglar Proof Boxes for Rent, $10, $15 and $20 per Year. Leave Jacksonville_.......*..*.*.*....*. 4:15pm 3.:43 a 11 fa) a....? .Starke*.._ 'lJl p lL47p
DOUBLE COMBINATION AND TIME LOCKS.W. Leave Waycross....*.*....*.*...*.......*. 7:20 p m 305a945p 11 IS)a_... Wajda _.._.... 285 P 630a
Leave Gainesville .*.*.**..**..***...* 3:45 p m 10aip' 1055 a.103oa....._FMrbankR..**. 6JP 700a
If. BAKER, Cashier. HENRY A. L'ENGLE,1fianager. Leave Lake City**.*.*.*....**.. ..*.*.*. 3:25 p m ........Oalne vllle.....** 3 23 p 900 a
Leave Live Oak..**..*.....****...****. 6:55: p m 825p 9 45 a.......Arredondo..*.*. 3 43 p 945 a
Leave Thomasvllle10:55: p m 730<) p 9 00 a..._ Archer...**.. 415 p 11 00 a
OUR FAVORITE" FERTILIZERS. Arrive Albany*....*.****.*.*....*........ 1:22am 635p: 8 no&?._ Bronnon .....*.. 4 45 p 11 60 a
Arrive Montgomery via Cen. R. R.*. 7:23 a m 880p 6 45 a...?_Cedar Key N. 635 p 280pTampa
Arrive Mobile via L.&N. R. R....**.. 1:50 p m
FOR BOTH ORANGE TREES AND TEGETABLES. Arrive New Orleans\la L.&N. R.R. 7:20 p m Division.
Arrive Nashville via L. &N. R. R.*. 7.1)5 p m
Arrive Louisville via L. & N.R.R.. 2:12 a m ,_10.15;_t a 4.05 p.N..FernandinaNN..1a.10 a 4.00 p
\\l 2.41 __
Arrive Cincinnati via L. &N.R. R_ 6:30 pN..Callahan *..11.27 a
a m
SPECIALLY Y ADAPTED TO SANDY SOILS I I.. Arrive St.Louis via L.&N. R.R..N.N. 7:35 a m 630a 2J80pmM Jack sonviile .*>HJOa (9.00 p
5.-11) 1.41 _._
Pullman Buffet Cars to and from Jacksonville a p .BaldwIn_._12.40 p IOoID P
.... 3.P5a 12.$ ...___
and St. Louis, via Thomasville p Waldo.._. 1M p 12.25.
Supplying Not Only Plant Food, but Organic Matter. gomery and Nashville, Mont- 11.53 p 10.10 a..*.*.....Ocala*..._.N 352 p 3.15 a980a
41+0 p 9.08&.*....Wild wood...,._ 5 25 p
EAST TENNESSEE EXPRESS. 4 15 p 8 31 a***Panasoff kee...... 548 p 1006 a
Arrive Jacksonville .. . 7:25
** **** ** a m 8 M aBruraterville __ 666p035p -
GUARANTEED. ANALYSIS PER TON OF 2,000 POUNDS : Leave cksonville***...***....._.'.... 7:())p "sosp250p 7 52 a**. St,Catherine.*_ 1057a-
Leave Callahan. .._. ._..
** **** *** : .0p m 740a.Withlacooebee..N. 64.5p, 1118ft
VEGETABLE MANURES: Arrive Waycross....*****..***....... 9:3"" p ui 218 p 717 a ..Owensboro. 7 08 1167p1225p
j Ammonia.,............. .......... 4 per cent | Phosphoric Acid........;. ........ 2f percent Arrive J ..*.****....*.*.*******.... : 7 p m 150p 7 00 aNN Dade City-*.... 7 25 p
Sulphate Potash.......... ...... 6 per cent Arrive Macon via E.T.V.&G. R. R.. 3x0 a m
Arrive Atlanta via E. T.V.&G.R.R. 7:20 a m
I .-: ORANGE TREE MANURES: :'. Arrive Chattanooga E.T.V.&G. 1:35 p m Jacksonville Branch.

.; ....... 3} per cent ( Sulphate Potash..;.......,....11 percent Pullman BUffet Cars and passenger coaches 1015 a 5 50 p.Fernandina. 700 a 400p722a
: Phosphoric Acids.......:....... 5 to 6 per cent I| Potash, actuaL......_..;.......;-6Ji per cent to and from Jacksonville and Chattanooga. 9 45 a 525p*.*.Hart' .Road...... 429p
j ," __The remainder consists of thoroughly pulverized humus.*" SAVANNAH EZPRE6S. 914 a 503 p..N N.N.Duval.NNNN 7.f6 a 6 en p
ry Arrive Jacksonville..****...*** 5:30 a m 3 30 a 4 30 p.Jacksonville_ 8 20 a 545p
Arrive Gainesville. .... .... 10:30
**** *** a m
NO MUCK HEED BE USED WITH THESE FERTILIZERS. I Leave Jacksonville*.****....N.N.N.N 9:00 p m 8t. Marks Braneb.

I, Leave Gainesvilie..NN..N*.*_.?... 3:45 p m .:1215 p m .*__.*.*.TallahaH...?.?.... 8 SO a m
Leave Lake City... .. ...._ 3:25
*** *** p m 1157 a m NN.NNm.__BeIit1rNNN..N. 843am
TESTIMONIALS s Leave Live Oak:__.**.******._ &55 p m 1058 a m ...*_.*....Wakulla*.. ....._* 940 a m
Arrive Waycross....... ... .. .. ..Ji:45
? p m 1030a m *** .**.St.Marks ?._?.......1005am
I I have used "Our"Favorite Fertilizers upon'Orange Trees,Roses and Garden Plants, Arrive Albany via B.& W. R.R.**** 5oo&m
and I do not want anything better. Arrive Ms cor, via Central R.R.*..MM 9:10 a m ("a"means a.m.time. ttjft means p.m.time.)
HENRY G. HUBBARD. Crescent City, Fla. Arrive Atlanta via Central R. BL?.... 1.-05 p m Ht. Marks' Branch trains run Tuesday
I tried your Fertilizers on Onions,Cauliflowers and other Vegetable I consider It an ArrIve Chattanooga W.&A.R.R. 7.H5 p m Thursday and Saturday only.
excellent and cheap Fertilizer,which will greatly improve the land, and is not simply a Arrive Savannah.***.*.***.?*.*__ 6:10 a m Leaving time IA given in every case except
aUmulant. Arrive Charleston.****.**..*.*.._..11:40 a m where arriving time is named.
H. LEGLER, Haskell, Fla. Pullman Buffet Cars Jacksonville to Cincinnati Trains 1 and 2.7 and 8,9 and 10,and train
and through- coaches Jacksonville to on Jacksonville Branch run daily.

," ., : .- .. P RXCES PER TON Chattanooga. Trains 3 and daily except Sunday
:;' Pullman Sleeping Can to and from Jacksonville Trains 1 and 2 have Pullman Palace Sleepin .

.Orange'Tree"Manure.. .....:. ......In sacks $24 001 Vegetable, Manure...........'. in sacks |17 00 and Savannah. sr Cars to and from New Orleans
p 'U .* .. .:...inbbls. 2500| ..:...Inbbls. 1800 Through Tickets sold to all points by Rail Trains 3 and 4 have tbroturh Pullman Reclining
'.', { ., and Steamship connections and baggage Chair and Sleeping Cars to and from
t checked through. Also, Sleeping Car berths I Orlando.
TERMS, STRICTLY CASH. and sections secured at the Company's Office Trains 9 and 10 have through sleeping cant
in Astor's building,82 Bay street,and at Pas- to and from DeKuniak Springs.For .
> 0. senger Station, and on board People's Line maps, rates,etc., apply to Company's
,: Steamers H.B.Plant and Chattahoochee and Agents,or write to
I \ CEO H'UTCHINS'qN 'DeBary-Baya Line Steamer City of Jackson A. O. MACDONELL,
t Ville. WM. P. HARDEE, Gen.Pass&Ticket A gent. ,
AIeJ1t. D.E. MAXWELL,Gen.Supt.;
Crescent City;;Florida. mamTSSSSSSS'
;, B. a.
\9\ n :- 6,,: Jackson villeFI&
:. r -;:: ;)
I ... w C7q: -',;
; ; : i::''kw ,
; ', -
; ...
w .', ..
\ "" .,-, U '; ,;:-:,. .'
.. Ii ., .
,j .


r :


572 -= =THE. FLORIDA DISPATCH.[. f JULY 4, 1887.n .: -

The Largest and Most Complete Establishisent '

Smth.6eo. .-. ,. CLYDE'S1. :. ,.,,

if'4 New York, Oharleston& Florida l T= 1

+ .
4 x
". .
/ *,>? ,>$ \ .
I rThe The elegant Steamers of this Line are appointed to sail for CHARLESTON & NEW'TORX" ','-:

E From JACKSONVILLE...........*.:..............Every TAURSDAY. : .;
From FERNANDINA.... SUNDAY.:! ..'_
finest' and Best Poultry Journal In the In connection,with FLORIDA RAILWAY AND NAVIGATION COMPANY. '-, = ,
World. From' Jacksonville.- :''-..

CHEROKEE (New)..."., ,Thursday,July 7,at 5:30 a m i''t"I'.
Xwued on the First of Each Month. SEMINOLE(New) ........., '.\.Thursday,Joly 14,at IkOO a uT- "
CHEROKEE(New ...... ..... '
: ,. ) ..7..Thursday, July 21,at 4:30am
SGPaje; and Cover, at Only 81 p r Year\t \ BEMINOLENew( ).i........................Thursday. July 28,at IfcSO() a m
: These Steamers touch at Fernandina north bound of
.and sail on arrival Jacksonville aiter-
Sample 6 cents. .
( S. Hacker & Son noon train. 0 )
From Fern an din a.
Address Every Sunday afternoon,on arrival of the Florida Railway and Navigation Go's trains.
XANOTACXT/BEB OF: Steamship YEMAHSEE> ... :... ...'
Sunday 8
C., J. WARB-'\:,, DOORS SASH .... DELAWARE........,.l...,....,t., ..............SundaY,July July H'',,P p D1 m ;
113 ;Adams Street. C hlcaco,111. BLINDS, MOULDINGAnd (I YEMA88EE .*_...,.?.Sunday,July 17.p m ,' 'x-
.. DELAWARE.,........ ..Sunday,July 21, m C
J Building Material. U Y MASSES., ,.................Sunday,July 34 p p m
Nurseries of Lake Weir Co. Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 29 Eo-R,New York, every TUESDAY and FRI .
Office and Warerooms, !.Png..op.Cannon BL DAY,at 3 p.Tuesdays', 'ships for Fernan41na and Fridays'ships for Jacksonville.

100,000'Orange find Lemon> Trees, ; .CtuKrlestoB, S. C. The Freight and Passenger Accommodations by this Line ara unsurpassed. Every atten-* '
Our trees are very thrifty three and four tlon will be given business entrusted to the Line. Direct all shipments from New York via '
CLYDE'S FLORIDA LINE Pier 29 East Kiver. .
year year stock$1 to inch diameter,with For further information apply .
tme fud& Nurseries easily accessible __
to Florida Kouthern Railroad. Send for PINH-APP1H CLARENCE WAGNER,Agent J.A.LESLIE,Agent -
1 1 Catalogues.. Address SLIPS. Fernandlna, Fit Jacksonville,Fla. ,',
E.B.FOSTER,Manager 88 Bay St.,cor.Hogan... :
decSl-jly Mouth Lake Weir.Fa.Farers' r .THEO., G. EGER, Traffic Manager WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen.Agents ,.I'.
35 Broadway,N. Y.,, 12 South Wharves,Philadelphia,85 Broadway NV Y.,
Red Spanish or Key Largo, Large, 1&50 ......
and -
[ ,Wagons per-1.000( ); ?115 per 10,000.
,. Red Spanish or Key Largo,Small 11.50 per ESTABLISHED 1S7S.
If you want a A t'clasa Wagon or Can 1.00; 80.,--per J u 000. .- .
| Cheap for Cah,call on Porto Rico BIrdseye,Sugar Loaf and Egyptian -

R, D. ZAHM, Cavendlsli Queen,|1.25 per Banana dozen;,$7.50 Suckers per 100., not GRAIN:+ GARDEN S E : .

Jacksonville Fla. Eyes,$8 100. .
per '
Office, II. Beriack's Store,East Bay Stre t ; Carefully packed and delivered freight- : :- ANDFERTILIZERS.

[Farm ''Wegonsfrom..,...........835.00 to t42JJt house free of charge. .
[Carts and Drays from.....h...,.825.00 to$28.0', Terms, Cash with order. '

-,-+- ---- .. i45tk &ReerencesWm.Co. A. Bours, Tysen, Smith :JLLJ.A.M: : : : ,.4.. :l3C> .i

JOHN B. BEACH, (Successor to J. E.: Hart,) : '

Indian River Nurseries, 20 West Bay Street Jacksonville, Fla. : : .;
Melbourne, Florida. I handle none but the Best and most Reliable Seeds. My new Catalogue will
I application. Also,Wholesale Dealer in

Hay Corn Oats Flour Grits Meal Bran y



The Great Farm. Industrial YEAit.and Stock, Pe- HUNTING DOGS I I. E., Tygert & Co.'sCrxiarantoed. Star Brand ii"I. ',.

lodlc'al c Itltuency: the Intelligent,progressive and sub .
Itantlalfy uucce sfuf' farmers of this section; AND i,'.
nd as an advertising medium for the Mere Comprising ORANGE .TREE and VE ;
hante Manufacturer Stock-Raiser and Pro- FANCY POULTRY.A.
jusional Man Is absolutely\ unequalled.' Space FERTILIZER PURE .
jdiclousty! employed! its columns always '" lit .
muner'\tlv.*. By recent purchase it now J. ADA s MURIATE OF POTASH, SULPHATE
Eombinea: The Dixie Farmer,Atlanta Ga.. -
no Itantfttlon,Montgomery..; the Rumlun f :MANATEE, FLA., NITRATE SODA, KAINIT,
Nashville, lenn.; The Southern Farm Prices on application. '
Ins' Monthly, Savannah Ga ; Southern Notary Public and Justice of the Peace. ,
|7orld, Atlauta,-Ga.;the Ph Agricultur- 0
kt, Marietta Ga.,and unites, the patrons of Has for sale one thousand acres of choice n.e-v. "LYD1an.: .
nese with, its own large list of subscribers !land on Manatee river, in sight of Manatee, : ;t
[he press and people all testify to its great Bratndentown Ellenton and Palmetto, ands _SANFORD: FLORIDA.. .. : : t
erRs as A medium for cont'oUfng Southern manufacturers' agent lor Wire Fencing, "
ide. Spbseriptlon.! one year in advance, Poultry Netting, Lime, Cement, Fertilizersand 8KLLS *
stage pyld $1.50. ample copies, sent free Plantation Supplies,Cracked Corn and FORRESTER'S CHEMICAL
Idvertlsemeuts, per line,SOc. wo go to press Rice,Gra mlated Lime.Rock and Hhelt. Cat
he 25th or each, mpnth preceding our date tle and Poultry geed ground to order in PREPARED FOB, _' f '
ddresa team mill on premises. Oranges Tree 'and other Fruits and Plantation,and
[THE OOLTIVAT-ifllPUBLISHING CO., Has also breeding kennels of acclimated Fla."A
P.O.Drawer S. Atlanta.On Laverack and Irish Sftters, Irisb Bull Terriers. SPECIFICALLY PREPARED FOR EACH CROP.
8low-trail Bloodhounds and Colorado No Vermin-Feeding Compounds used in the Manufacture of :
POULTRY Catch or Tiger Dogs (for wild hogs,bear and
tramps). The highest grade goods are tne best and cheapest,and these goods meet the
Practical PO OOK.i I years'tests find them to be all that is claimed for them..,References can be j'
llOOppa beaDtiful coolored pl"at OUR POULTRY YARDSare needless where goods are*n well known. It can t>e,truthfully said that these are
and deiIori! ipdians
cnln"t\vlna8! to c&ponisej .n toe' well-stocked with freshly imported male : ?
I nooltrr: houses; aboat tncuv ft1ol7C i birds which are mated with carefully' selected 18 000' ,..A..ore 2 ,>
|luSTwbflRi to boy Kffffii sad FowbuMiQed bens!
our own raising, each v.riety being '
for 15 C/ent... t' allotted to separate enclosures in a 'forty-acre Of the best'quality of heavy oak,hickory and cabbage hammock.having '..J., .
ASSQOlATED AliClplRS. orange Eggs bas bay fronts and best water protection Florida. Especially 1' '
?B?SotiUi nhMrvH.Fbft"'Tt "ls *rIN grove. carefully packed in "
kets at following} prices: adapted to Florida fruits and vegetables.
o White ,Leghorns (Knapp's, Pit Games 3 w** s. M
(Healhwoods), Plymouth Rocks (Hawkins), ,:k J'='g m 0
N, DOBBINS &. DR 0 Game Batams (Shouldlngs), Light Brahmas 'CS O' = '_:; "
(per Williams thirteen.), Rouen and Muscovy Ducks,$1.0 0 5S-:So' "gtlwSKrfSS.oo&c'S3 f ANTHONY, & YOUNG, oq::sc a g

Claiborne and Cuban flame Silver Beardedand g'=, .le! S> I Crested Polish, W.F.Black Spanish, Huff f ? .RE, ta & ,Insur.Agents 0 2s ; (
Cochins. Golden Laced Seabrlghts and}rope* ; g: o !, ,
I rial White 1'ekln Ducks,KSO per thirteen. ;> '1 .
si White Crested Black Poland, Bondans, i I:; = I -Palmette, Manatee Coy Fla.r .. .
Wyandottes(Prestons), Langshans,(Crouds .Q 0 -S- '
i ), u .. 8 t::' ...: :
Honeys Brown Leghorns 2.00 per thirteen. '' .{l1 0',
Bronze and Seminole Turkeys, $J.OO pe bi "'''- ,
nine. Town property improved and unimproved s-;;
Booted White Cuban Carrier Pigeons,SL' In all the towns on the.Manatee River._ Beautiful river and .
per pair. 0J bay fronts. Pure salt water. Oysters, fish and clams. Lovely
,1/14\\ I J on mainland:; and Islands.: Yachting unsurpassed. Correspondence '. ;
;ti jJ '

W u.aurTE( BEST 'Well/ .
i, Locksmiths, and Stencil Cutters, $200 SAW Curbing and Chimney Flues

r Cheaper and Better than Brick. .
14 V/ Forsyth St.,Op.St.Johns Hotel. '. '
F ,
.{ : ,
FLORIDA I J -" _'", '.

amUbln;g done in all its branches. Ornamental" ,Cheap and', Strong. No skilled. labor,required. '1f ":, :::,:: ,r
FOR THE MONEY. Address : ,;, ,_:
IRON SAFE WORK Write for Ulustrated Descriptive Circular.mmm f FLORIBA STONE ANB PIPE ; '-," "

mcial rates on Stencil, Cutting.. ,by. mail. MACKIKE, WORKS,JUCBjWIlxA. Office. MJi. West Bay. Street.... ,w, r f .', '::;, _-& : ', ."; Y.
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