The Florida dispatch
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055757/00076
 Material Information
Title: The Florida dispatch
Uniform Title: Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: The Florida Dispatch Line
Place of Publication: Live Oak Fla
Creation Date: June 6, 1887
Publication Date: -1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Live Oak (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Suwannee County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Suwannee -- Live Oak
Coordinates: 30.294444 x -82.985833 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1876.
Dates or Sequential Designation: -new ser. v. 9, no. 3 (Jan. 21, 1889).
General Note: D.H. Elliott, editor.
General Note: Published at: Live Oak, Fla., <June 20, 1877>-Feb. 11, 1880; and at: Jacksonville, Fla., Feb. 18, 1880-Jan. 21, 1889.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 5 (May 8, 1876).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038464
oclc - 01386590
notis - AKM6254
lccn - sn 95026759
System ID: UF00055757:00076
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1887)
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

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A Journal of Agriculture, Horticulture, industrj& immigration




A H..AiaswillDaOoetat W. e, J J ,Proprietors. Jacksonville Fla., Monday, Jane 6, 1887. I N.w1R.tnbllahed.: 7 1869., Ho. 23.r .


: \,{ } Stoves, Crockery, KNIt
,1\ I : 4
I China,
., ) Tin-ware, C. S L'ENGLE
-;: ,
;)N S kll'\' & Scalp Chandeliers,

Oil Stoves AND ,IN
7' i t" ..:.. bvthr Burners, Chimneys,
.. Tone Toneh and
Silver-ware. Gas Fixtures, Workmanship, Durability
\ House Furnishings '
_\ Freezers, Nos.204 and 206 West Baltimore Street,Battlmot*

-(/ R Medi e s. Table Cutlery, Refrigerators; No. 112 fifth Auenue,New York.


to the CUTICUBA REMEDIES Fire Dogs, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. Dinner, Tea and Arcnltec
in their" marvellous properties for
cleansing;purifying and beautifying the skin Baskets and ooden-warel I I' Toilet Sets. ,
and in curing torturing,disfiguring,Itching,
Architects and Civil
"scaly and pimply diseases of the skin, scalp Engineers' ,
Particular Attention 'Paid to Mail Orders.
and Wood,'with loss of hair; ... -.. Plans,Specifications and Estimates for bullet
Cur J CUB A, the great Skin (Cure and CDTI- .
ings of all kinds Sanitary etc.
w.T. FORBES. W.P. GIFFORD. C. G. PEARCBJ.. B.UBI8TIE,Attorney. work
CUBA SOAP,an exquisite Hkln Beautifier,pre- Rooms 7 and 8 Palmetto Block, nay St.
pared from it,externally,and CUTICUBA. RE P.O. Box 785 Jacksonville, Fla.:,
SOLVENT, the new Blood Purifier,Internally, W. T. FORBES & CO.
Are a positive cure for every form of disease, w ,
from, pimples to scrofula CUTICURA REMEDIES -
are absolutely pure and the only infallible SEVILLE.
skin beautifiers and blood purifiers. rsRe Estate HxchanR8 and Law OMC88.
Sold everywhere. Price, CUTICUBA: 50c.; .
RESOLVENT; 8oAp,25c. Prtpa'ed by the This Knowing town is the principal station
POTTER DRUG AND CHEMICAL Co. Boston on the J.,T.& K. W.Ry between Palatka and
...,Send for How to Cure Skin Dlseases.JBANDS ; Sanford 83 miles south of Jacksonville. It it
Sort as dove's down,and as white, Property Bought and Sold in every County of Florida. on the high pine ridge on the shores of Lake
,, CUTICUBA MEDICATED Louise,and is surrounded by a fertile and set
by using
80AP. Capital ,Invested; Loans Negotiated, Taxes Adjusted and Paid tied water-works country.and It sewers has a compllete in operation.system of

Titles Examined. Conveyancing*, Surveying, etc. -HOTEL SEVJLLE-

M Send for our Real Estate Bulletin." Contained ruhllc and private bath-roomy.
Fancy Poultry. billiard room etc.:
W. T. FORBES & Co. Lots and acre property for sale'on reason'
ble terms. Settlers and and investors '
are requested
Ilox.,381, JackMnnvill", Fla.W. Abell Block, 32$ West Bay Street, Jacksonville. Fla. to:visit the town. Address
W. FENDBICH, Mason Young. President. 85'Wall St., New
White and Brown Lfghorns, Light Brahman ROCKWELL & KINNE York. R.H.Mason,Sec.A Treas.,Seville,11'1.HUCHES' .
Plymouth Rocks, Lnnghams, Wyan- ,
'dottes and Pekin Ducks. Until further notice
Successors to Nichols', Rockwell&Co.,Wholesale and Retail
,will furnish' Eggs from the above varieties TONIC
: at?I per thirteen, delivered at Express Mantels ,
office. Hardware, Stoves, House Furnishing Goods, Grates Paints
Oils, Saddlery, Guns, Ammunition, Etc:

Parties in town or out will do well to call or send for our catalogues and prices of any
goods they may need In our line. Prices lower than ever., Chills FeverINVALUABLE

"CHICHESTER'S ENGLISH." ... 38 West Bay Street. Jacksonville Fla. I

a The Original and Only Genuine.
path ud always Reliable. Beware of worthtaw Imitation SETTLERS, AND INVESTORS.
IndUMniabte to LADIES.' Ask your DrMvU i1br IN THE SOUTH.It .
"Cklcherter'B. EBUakand take no other,01 TnSwe(e. 0MMM
(iuunpi)to n for particular letter b1 retard ..u. .
NAME PAP E R. ChteheserChe..lcalO.) .. M will Cure the Most Obstinate CasesFOR
sun ft Hadlaon f!!Qure,P1t11.da..Pa. I
B.1d by Drug .ereirwhere. Atk for ffClalela.
ter*. acllk*Pennyroyal Mil Take soothes Offers Choice Fruit Vegetable Lands near transportation for Investment or Cultivation. I. SALE BY DRUGGISTS.
Certain Market for Farm Produce: Attractive Sites for Homes; Railroad and Dally Malls. PREPARED BY
Also Town Lots at San Pablo and Atlantic City on the I Installment Plan If desired. Address
t TRAVEL VIA JAS. M.KBEAMEK.President,over Bank of Jacksonville,or W. B. GKAN'rtSupt.,
Through Trains with Dining R. A. ROBINSON & CO.,
Cars Pullman Palace Sleep.

Burlington I Sure Ing Cars connections Modern In Coaches Union I LAKE GEORGE:, NURSERIES.We LOUISVILLE, KY.ESTABLISHED .

I Depots at Its terminal points. would advise all who intend setting Fruit Trees of any orall .kinds that the present + 1866.
I with trains from and to the Is the best time of all the year. While the bun Is low and ground moist and no growth on
East West,North and South. the trees the chances of success are much better than set later in the spring. -
I / Cheapest Best and Quickest i*or Catalogue send request to :EAVIIMANfi
EBSQ/RR Route from Chicago Peoria W. W. HAWKINS &: SON, Props..
or St. Louis to Lake George,Fla.



CITY OF MEXICO, ATCHISON.For Budded Orange Trees, from ope to three years old, for planting during the rainy season. In nut H the nor time rattle.and H It the lj aD labor Economical of soy ether and.a1.DURABLE Doe sot

Tickets,Rates,Maps,tc.,apply, to Ticket Agents Orders taken for all varieties of Fruit and Ornamental Trees,to be delivered the coming SUBSTITUTE forPLASTEKon wall,OrnameaUtCABPET8
Of connecting lines, address Fall and Winter. ) and HUGS um BUterU.cheaper u T.J.POTTER,' H.BSTONE, PAUL MORTON, better tbui Oil Cloths. QTCauJope: and Sa.plea I'ree.W *
1st V.P. Q.M. G.P.& 1.A. F. S. CONE,' Proprietor, .H.F AY & CO.CAMDEN.N.J,
For a Pronouncing: Dictionary c-mtainlnj:82,000 word, CRESCENT CITY: FLA. OJLLHi.tL .
8T.LOC13. X1 :APOL1S. ->}
10: pacessend iftc. in stamps.. to Paul lorton..ChlC8. '.

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474] r -- A -THE FLORIDA DISPATCH. [JUNE 6,1887.


. A seedling of the Peen-to;by A. I. Bldwell, of Orlando, Fla.; In quality best, sprightly.
Juicy and sweet; the only variety yet brought forward ripening with the Peen-to,it is supe-
CONTROLLING rior to the latter In size and quality;it is not flat like the Peen-to but is a round peach ot-
standard shape and high color. The original tree,the seed. of which was planted in the winter -
of 1882 Is now six inches in diameter and has fruited finely the past 1 hree seasons,yielding
four bushels this season,the first ripening May 7lh,to-day (May 2oth) all left on the tree ara-
3,000,000 Acres ready for market. JAS. MUTT, Orlando, Flu.

of the Richest Lands in the State., .


Representing all the'. .
.. Kelsey Japan Plums, Olive Trees, Oranges, Figs, lemons,Pecans, etc.
Disston Companies, By the dozen,hundred or thousand. Am now booking orders for Fall delivery season of
1887-b8. Write for Prices. Catalogue free on application.

Kissimmeo Land:Company, GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES,

G. L. TABER, Propr..Glen St.Mary, Fla. .

Tl: : South Florida R. R. Go's Lands.


Consisting of beautiful Lake Fronts, High and Low Hammocks,first-class Pine Land for VARIETIES OF r
range.Groves,and rich reclaimed lands for garden purposes. '
Budded Orange and Lemon Trees

Tropical and Semi-Tropical Fruit Trees,Vines and Plants. Trees strong and well rooted. rand
especially adapted to oath Florica.
Orange Grove, An inspection invited. All inquiries by mall promptly answered. Catalogues sent free
: ; on application. 8. D. HOYX, Kay View HlUsborough: Co.. Fla.
.> -
And Improved Truck Farms. '

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'! :II\\. : new Catalogue of Rare Exotic Plants, and general Nursery Stock,is now ready. j
: ,. ,
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Price, 15 cents' Postpaid.
Send for Price and Description List.WILLIAM.
..-****. .' .... .,-'\... .. (Mailed tree to all customers.)

.., .:.::" ;,< CANNON, ,. Manatee,Florida-

Refer to this paper. Kissimmee, OrangeCounty, Fla.

c:) t7 R :J3iII .A. T OR.JTE: : ,
A RELIABLE FERTILIZER FOR Haveon hand'andror sale a large stock of fine

Orange ,Tree and All Kinds of Vegetables.Natural Budded and Sweet Seedling Orange Trees.
food for plant-life Especially adapted to sandy soils. Anyone wishing to obtaina
strictly good fertilizer will find Jt to his interest to try this. It is not a concentrated Stocks :five and buds one,two and three years old. All the leading named varieties; wen
chemical fertilizer,but a well manuta.etured..rganlc Compost. The effect is permanent. grown and well rooted. Budded Peach and Nectarine Trees,Roses,etc. bend for
descriptive catalogue before giving your orders elsewhere.L. .
Price (In Sacks ) 'ttO.OO.per, ;Ton. _W. .1.PSJ:1Y.: CO., Cltra, Marion Co., Fla.
Bend for Circulars. have. noiagents.: Address
Crescent Ciiy, Fla


Safe Deposit Safe.:
:GRAIN GARDEN SEEDS Open Dally (Sundays and Legal Holidays excepted). Banking hours 9 a. m. to 3 p. m.
: Safe Deposit hours 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.

T'! ANDFERTILIZERS. Fire ,and Burglar Proof Boxes for Rent, $10, $15 and $20 per Year.
N. BAKER, Cashier. HENRY A. L'ENGLE lTIanolrer.
w=ZLLZ.A.1\iI: .4.. B.OUFI.S; -
(Successor to J. E. Hart,)
20 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla. Pomewan- Valrico Nurseries Guavas,
handle none but the Best and most Reliable Seeds. My new Catalogue will be sent free on att s,Figs Bananas.PJneAppIen.
application. Also, Wholesale Dealer in Peaches, TROPICAL AND SUBTROPICAL., ,

Hay Corn Oats Flour Grits Meal BranWheat Pears y rapes, Anona Avocado, P'rs..
Pecans, Catalogue Free. Acacia,

GROUND FEED, SCREENINGS, COTTON SEED MEAL, Etc. .Plums Oriental and W. G. TOUSEY- 1 Ca'adlum erinm, ,
Persimmons, Polnci na,
STATE AGENT FOR ,LIMES, Etc. Seffner, Hilkborough Co., Fla. PALMS,,Etc.

,!I. E.,Tygert & Co.'s 1 Star Brand Fertilizers. .. -



FERTILIZER, 9 ,PURE GROUND BONE Th.e Orange: and: :Lemon:
MURIATE OF POTASH,'DWE jjj SULPHATE POTASH In variety,other Citrus Prints, LeConte and Keiffer:Pears, Japan Plums, Japan Persimmons *.
Figs,Guavas,Grape!,etc. I

Prices on application. July 2711

Flues lakeland, Polk County, Fla., and Drayton Island, Putnam County, Fla.
Well Curbing and Chimney

Cheaper and Better than Brick. .
FOUNDATIONBLOCKSOrnamental Braidentown Real Estate. Agency.EDGAR .

,Cheap and Strong. No skilled labor required. ,
Address Attorney at Law,\Real Estate Agent and Justice of the Peace,

FLORIDA STONE AND PIPE COMPANY, Braidentown, Manatee Co., Fla.

Office 62K> Went Bay Street, Jacksonville Fla. Will buy and sell all kinds of Real Estate on commission. Eighteen years'residence in.
Manatee County. Personal knowledge of most of the lands throughout the county. As a
16 Tears Established.WHOLESALE practicing Attorney,and as County Judge for a number of years,I have had occasion to
become familiar with many titles and the County Records. Having been continuously en.
GS.. P.A.L R.., gaged,all these years in the actual cultivation of the principal fruit and vegetable product
of this semi-tropical section.gives me advantages in the selection of the various qualities of
COMMISSION MERCHANT lands suitable. Maps and Abstracts furnished, Titles examined and Deeds executed. Information
furnished. Correspondence solicited.
SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY, N Braidentown: is situated on the south,bank of the beautiful Manatee River,about
lab Reade Street, New York. thirty-five miles south oi Tampa. Has daily service by the elegant steamer Margaret. Ad.
Consignments solicited and Returns made promptly. Stencils and Market Reports furbished Jaeent are the lovely Terra Cefa, Sarasota and Palma Bola Bays,teeming with all kinds offish
on application. ,clams and oysters; and here on the Gulf coast are the most beautiful building sites in
REFERENcEs-Chatham National Bank,Thurber.Whyland&Ca New York City; also 1 I the world,with thousands of acres of hammock and pine lands,where tropical fruits andk
Banks and established Produce Merchants of New York,Philadelphia,Baltimore and Boston choice vegetables may be grown to perfection.

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: '

,. ; '- :: -: THE FLORIDA DISPATCH. '

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s .
t .e ," JACKSONVILLE, FLA., JUNE 6, 1887.

f1ri' vinced that he had the peach for the Bidwell's No. 4.-One Iree. Gen I the time of the frost. As they mature

;' heOrchaidI. : I country. He at once arranged for the eral! ppearance fair ; size medium ; with the Peen-to it_follows that they

; ..._ __ W propagation of a-number of the trees shape flat, somewhat thicker than the take less time from bloom to fruit

Bm JJLL'S! EARLY PEACH. I and the ensuing winter ((1886)) plantedan Peen-to; color pale yellow, tinged From the fact that the Bid well's

:i. I orchard of twenty-five acres, a with green and washed with red; cling; Early is sweeter than the Peento -

".; And Other New Individuals practical demonstration of his faith in flesh white, fine grained, melting and and slightly: ,resembles the Honeyin
>w' Chinese Races Especially the new peach. This variety whichhe very juicy ; sweet with a slight no shape, .some have pronounced it a

Adapted to South named Bidwell's Early again bore yeau flavor ; quality pood. Not quite hybrid of these varieties. Mr. Bid- .
heavily in the spring of 1886. The as sweet as the Bidwell. An improved well avers that it is not a cross but a

American Pomology owes not more other seven varieties have borne full Peen.to. seedling of the Peen-to pure and sim
to Marshall P. Wilder the Po
: nor crops the past three years. On the Numbers 5 and 6.These two trees ple. Mr. James Mott, well known to
the South J., Berck-
mology of to P. 25th of May\ ultimo, we had the pleasureof "came true" from the seed, that is, most of our readers, who, because of
mans than the of Floridaowes
Pomology seeing these trees in full fruit and they do not differ appreciably from Mr. Bidwell's poor health, stands be-

to A. I. Bidwell. I from a careful examination of specimens the Peen-to. tween him and the public in the matter -
Mr. Bidwell ,
Florida in
came to then obtained, we give the following Bidwell'8 No. 7.-One tree. Gen- of peaches, stoutly asserts that the

1867. Orange growing was then in eral appearance fair ; size mediumto Peen-to itself is a sport from an oblong

its infancy, and other,fruits were little DESCRIPTION. : small ; shape nearly round, with peach, which, in the Bid well's Early,

thought of.: He engaged- at once in moderate suture and short recurved goes back to the original type ; while
Bidwell'8 Early.-Two trees
Horticultural work and ; gen
soon began size medium point ; color greenish yellow, with Mr. Bidwell is not prepared to take
eral good
the and sale of and appearance ; ;
propagation trees
round occasional slight tinges of red ; cling ; such radical ground, he seems to think
skin smooth shape slightly
3 plants, establishing at Arlington, near oblong, with moderate suture and flesh white, finely grained, meltingand the facts point that way. It fe interesting -
Jacksonville the first
regular nurseryin juicy ; acid with slight noyeau to note in this connection that
short recurved point color pale yellow
the State and issuing his first
catalogue -
washed with carmine, deepest flavor ; quality goo'l. Ripens. with Mr. Berckmans says of the Peen-to,
in 1875. Bidwell's Early. "it is only a variety of a type which
round the stem; half cling, with small,
HISTORY. embraces many forms and a great va-
Bidwell's Late-One tree. At the
short, thick seed, having a sharp riation be anticipated in its seed-
Mr. Bidwell may
gave some attention to time the '
slightly curved point ; flesh white, foregoing descriptions were. lings." On this point the party in

peach growing, 'but observing. that fine grained, melting and juicy ; sweet, made (May\ 25th) the largest specimensof Australia who sent Mr. Berckmans the
in 'Duval county the trees only bore this variety were about half grown. pits from which he obtained the
sprightly, with slight or bitter
after unusually severe winters, and, in noyeau The I It ripened its first peaches ]last year, Peen-to in sending another lot of seed
almond flavor
quality good.
; takes occasion under date of
South Florida] with no regularity or 1 July 5th, and is said to resemble the to say
flavor suggests the parent Peen-to'; it February 20,1885 : "The\ are all of
he in He '
certainty gave up disgust. 'Bidwell's in
Early everythingsave
is a sweeter peach than the latter and Chinese races-nearly all seedlingsof
was among the fist in the State to re- that it is colored. '"
although it has marked almond flavor not as highly : the original Flat peach of China,
ceive trees of the Peen-to variety of j This tree has different' habit of which we have been growing for the
it is an agreeable
Chinese race, sent out by Mr. Berck noyeau : growth from the Early, being an up- last thirty-six years. The original is ,
the objectionable bitter so often presentin free-stone fruit but it in the
mans. And in the winter of 1882, he I right with round a sports
the Peen-to until it reaches the pointof compact grower most wonderful way. Very often in a
planted the St ed of a few which had
head different
[ symmetrical quite '
perfect ripeness.The whole bed of seedlings no two will be-
ripened on his place, from which. he :j from the usual straggling habit of the alike in all points, yet all be good.
obtained nine se dlings. In 1883, he two original trees, for there are peach. Some are of the original flat shape,

moved his business to Orlando. Not two Bidwell's Early trees among the : The second Bidwell's Early tree either slip or cling, while others will be

nine seedlings identical in every respect the ordinary peach form, also divided
withstanding it seemed probable that makes up the nine.: We have given a

the Peen-to would do better in Flor are now but little over five I description of all, believing it will be into cling and slip,generally with pure '
white juicy flesh and pale colored
ida than any ,other peach .that hadbeen years old ; they measure five inchesin more satisfactory to the. public than a stones. They will also ripen at differ-

tried, he was incredulous as to diameter, are thirteen feet high, I. partial account. Of the nine seed- ent times, but I suppose too early for

its the with spread of about fifteen feet. The four decided on account of spring frosts.
thriving on "sand hills" of (: lings are acquisitions, Augusta
South Florida and feared that late trees each held at least four bushels j improvements on the parent, and sin Among these stones are a few peculiarbut
of fruit the time of visit and valuable Chinese varieties, some
at our
frosts would destroy its bloom in the gular to say very different in their
marked solid
with flavor some
Northern part of the State. He had, some. had been gathered. The fir t I. characteristics. The fact that these fleshed, good noyau carrying and ,very valuable

therefore, by ,no means regained his ripe Bidwell's Early] were gathered trees have borne heavily while the cooking sorts, and a few from
confidence on May\ 7th, the same day the first Lahore, India-evidently originallyfrom
in peach growing in Flor- ; Peen-to orchard adjoining has had avery
Peen-to ripened in the adjoining I C-iina. I tried to keep these
ida still
he determined, fortunately to light'crop, has been the subject
orchard. On the 25th all the Bidwell's : sorts distinct from you, as the fruits
take his new seedlings to Orlando and of remark. While these trees have ripened and ourselves and the children

see what they would amount to. were ready for market. The had from three to five bushels each consumed them, but lamentablyfailed.

The trees'grew thriftily and in the young'orchard of this variety, plantedthe the Peen-to orchard of one hundred However, they will almost all

spring of '84, bore a few scattering spring of 1886, little more than a I I and sixty-five tree yielded but forty be worth growing and I think your

.peaches. The fruit on two of the trees year ago, bore a few peaches this. }:: bushels, about a peck to the tree. Mr. Florida friends will appreciate them."
That there is any Honey blood in
were of marked excellence and earli-- Bidwell does not attribute this disparity Mr. Bidwell's
year.Bidwell's peaches seems extremely
ness ; the following year these two No. 2.-One tree Sameas : : to pruning or lack of pruning, ors unlikely.Mr. .

bore a good crop! fulfilling the previous Bidwell's Early, except that it i I i; other method of management ; he Bidwell fertilizes his orchard,

years. promises, to quality and not so highly colored. i> thinks his Peen-tos have failed to bear which is on pine land, with bone meal
and muriate potash, mixed five part
earline The the Bidwell'8 No. 3. One Gen because the bloom
new peaches were tree. simply was caught
of the former to one of the latter. He
usual peach shape, the objectionable eral appearance fair ; size medium :: by the late frost ; in other locations in thinks potash the best remedy for

form of the Peen-to had been brokenup shape round, slightly oblong ; color, the vicinity which escaped the heavy root knot, which ,he thinks indigenousto

the adaptability of the trees to the yellowish green, occasionally tinged frost that fell here the Peen-tos were Florida soil, and not introduced on

soil and climate of South Florida] was with dull red; cling ; flesh white,'fine : loaded with fruit ; he thinks the new the roots of peach trees from other
I States, nor agrivate'd by the growing of
clearly demonstrated, prolific, early, grained, melting and very juicy ;;: varieties escaped the frost because of cow pea vines among the trees. He

and of good quality-they must prove sweet ; quality fair, lacks tone., : their later habit of bloom, in other says it does little harm if the trees are

profitable. AIr. Bidwell was con- Ripens with Bidwell's Early. words they had not'set their bloom at kept in good condition.

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4.6: .' ,. ... : '. -----THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.- [JUNE 6, 1887.

.... ... ,
better than any other of Rogers' hy and Vinifera. A handsome, white tion given by Dr. J. Stayman in the
Vineyard, brids. Last year our Salems suffereda grape, with large clusters and ]large, Bushberg Catalogue. With us, and
great deal from mildew; shed their round berries of dead gold color, but, wherever we have seen this variety,
leaves and did not mature their fruit. unfortunately, black rot will thin out. the bunches are below medium, compact
GRAPES IN FLORIDA. Valuable when it can be raised on the berries and reduce the bunches *to sometimes shouldered ; berries

Varieties Tested-in Andalusia and account of its shipping qualities. Medium mere skeleton small to medium, round, bluish black,
San Luis With their early.Agawam. Triumph.-Hybrid Labrusca and with heavy bloom ; flesh pulpy, but
to Freedom (Rogers' No. 15)-Said) to Viuifera. Very vigorous grower. As juicy, sweet, and free: from foxiness ;
Liability from Diseases.or be considered by Rogers himself as his beautiful a white grape as Irving and vines moderate grower (not by the
r best grape after the Salem, but considered of finer flavor. I think it will prove least as strong a grower as Hartford),
BY PROF. E. M. DUBOIS. by us as poorest t of all, not only for the South, more reliable than Ni- inclined to overbear; with us the ber-
I here but wherever I have seen it agara and Empire State. Has not ries do not adhere so firmly to the
It was not my intention to give now grown. Bunch medium with strag- yet fruited in our vineyards. stem as could be desired.
the result of my experience with the gling berries, which rot and mildew VITIS LABRUSCA. Jona.-A very fine red grape, almost
different varieties of grapes of which will thin out -till more. Color brownish Black Hawk.-A seedling of, and equalling the Muscats of Europe ; requires -
my vineyards are composed. I,,should i red ; skin thick with astringenttaste : no improvement on Concord. a very rich soil, thorough cul-
have preferred waiting to watch the. ; flesh pulpy, sweet and of pecu- Brighton.-This is certainly a desirable tivation and treatment against mildew.
full development of the present crop. liar aroma mingled with native foxiness ; grape, but we caution the read- With the use of paper bags we raised
But I was prompted to write this arti- fine of that
OTHER HYBRIDS. ers of this article against the enthusiasm specimens variety.
cle the of Mr. JamesWhite's
by reading Alvey.-A cross between stivalis of some other contributors to this Jeffer8on.-A cross between Con- *'
talk in the FLORIDA
grape and Vinifera. Sets its fruit very imperfectly paper who fruited the Brighton in the cord and Iona, therefore a pure La- ,
DISPATCH which I found the '
era' in Rog- and rots badly every year. North, but, alas] vines planted in this brusca (1)) ; bunches large, shouldered, *m,
the Hybrids" of greatly bur invaluable overpraised] Dda-at Beauty.-Said to be a cross between State, are not yet in bearing. This compact ; berries medium, oval ;j' skin V
expense Delaware and Maxatawney ; a red variety was far from meeting our ex thick, red, with fine bloom ; flesh
Some of brida have
real ware.merits but Rogers'all of them*Hy grape of fine quality ; sweeter than pectation. It proved to be here a mod- meaty, spicy and aromatic. A superior
are moreor Delaware with a rather heavy flavor. erate grower and scant bearer, subjectto table and market grape, but not
less liable to diseases all of them
Mildews a little in unfavorable seasons. rot and mildew in wet season, and tested long enough by us to recom-
have the fault
same they set imperfectly Black Eagle.-A hybrid of Viniferaand not at all as early as said! in the description mend it for( general culture ; has been
their fruit.; As
hour estimation to quality the ,Del-n tone Labrusca. Berries large, oblong, that Downing gives of this free from disease so far, but its parentage -
: equals black ; quality good. With us as grape. It may be that our clay soil is does not warrant such freedom for-
We did -not want to all
aware. plant w th Underhill, the originator, it sets not well adapted.to its culture and as
those therefore selected the
six which hybrids, d the its fruit imperfectly. Said by P. J. Brighton is one of the leading table ever.Lady..-Has proved a very weak
best general we qualities.thought posseSSt I will Berkmans to do very well in Georgia. grapes, every one who contemplates grower with us ; almost as foxy and
with them the nomenclature com-of Attacked more or less every year in raising grapes for market should try a not, by far, as prolific as Martha.
mence our vineyards by rot and mildew. few vines of this variety. Martha.-A real white Concord
our grapes..ROGERS' Oreveling.-Thought by me to be Catawba.-This old and popular] with about the same faults and quali-
HYBRIDS. also a cross between Vinifera and grape is not reliable here. When the ties. Has proved, so far, the most reliable -
Goethe (Rogers' No. 1)).-I con- Labrusca. Sets its fruit still more summer is too wet it mildews badly ; of all the white grapes. Last
sider this the'best of the lot. It is a imperfectly than Black Eagle, which when our spring is too dry it suffers year our Marthas mildewed a little,
beautiful grape, resembling somewhatthe renders it unproductive. Rots and from anthracnose. As, however, it but no sign' of rot was to be found.
Malaga; bunches medium_ to mildews badly with us. does not seem to be attacked by black Moore's Early.-An improvementupon
large berries very large, oblong; !' Delaware.-In our opinion it is a rot, ifhe\ remedies recommended' the Concord.< Ripens earlier,
some' are pale red when fully ripe, cross' between./Estivais) and Vinifera, against mildew and anthracnose prove berries larger and quality better. fco:$
while others remain pale, 'whitish as Alvey and Eumelan. This grapeis effective we should plant some Cataw- far entirely free from diseases with us.
green ; vine a vigorous grower and well known and needs no descrip- bas, if not for market as it ripens late, Niagara.-The only one which we
prolific bearer, but must not be al- tion here. With us it does very well at least for our own table. planted died last summer, without any
lowed to overbear; requires a natu t and while we have found signs of rot, Champion.-The earliest of American apparent cause, and after having
rally rich or enriched soil ; ripens late. mildew or anthracnose on varieties grapes, and valuable on that account made a fairly good growth. This
As ,all hybrids, it suffers sometimes said to be generally free from these although of poor quality, about grape has proved entirely worthlessin
from rot, but not to a large extent ; pests we have not seen yet a single as free from disease as Ives ; bunches Virginia, where it rots badly every
very desirable grape for home use, but Delaware vine attacked by either. medium, compact, berries medium, year.
too ,tender for shipnif'nt ; makes a.fine; The most valuable] grape for market- round, blue black, adhering well to Perkins.-Although one of the con-
Sherry wine.Memmac. will thrive best in first class pine land the peduncles ; vine very vigorous and tributors to this paper has representedthis
(Rogers' No. 19)).-Black well fertilized-requires thorough cul healthy. grape as not being desirable, I
grape ; berries medium to large, tivation. Concord is not a success with us. shall continue to recommend it to all
,bunches medium, quality good, no Duchess-.Probably a cross between last year it mildewed badly, and some those who want grapes for the present,
trace of foxiness, vine moderately, Vinifera'and some hybrid of Labruscaand bunches were still green when others while Mr. S. and others are lookingfor
vigorous, not more liable to black rot Vinifera, although its originator were already ripe. This year our crop the grape of the future. Perkinsis
than Goethe. claims for it much more reliable par- of Concord is very promising, but in the most reliable grape of the whole
Wilder (Rogers' No., 4)-A) fine entage. A most excellent grape, quite our San Luis vineyard black rot has Labrusca class; in our vineyards it
black grape of real merits ; bunches equal to White Malvoisia, but subjectto put in an appearance among our Con- has not shown signs of any disease
and berries very large,almost as showyas all sorts of diseases, and especially cord vines and Agawam, lightly, it is and has matured its fruit much more
the Black Hamburg ; ripens early, anthracnose, which ruins not only the true, but where will it stop. In our evenly than Concord. Bunches fully
and when ripe can hang a long timeon fruit but also the young shoots. May Andalusia vineyards Agawam aloneis medium, compact ; berries oblong,
the vine;\ stands shipment better do better in very sandy soil. suffering now from black rot. Thereis whitish green, with pale red tinge and
than Concord ; vine vigorous and productive : Eumelan.-Must be a hybrid of not one diseased berry to be found white tinge when fully ripe. t tPoclclington.
when the weather i is favorable JEstivalis and Vinifera. A very fine, on the Concord vines. Vines same .-There must be something 4
' at the time of blossoming. black grape, bunches medium and age; same fertilizer used. the matter with this grape in

Lindley (Rogers' No. 9)-Brick) red well shaped ; berries round, medium, Cottage earlier than Concord, of the North, for last summer I did not
grape of ''peculiar aroma that .some adhering firmly to the stem. Very which it is a seedling, ripened a little see any Pocklington in the New York
people admire, but which I do' not sweet and juicy. I do not recommend more evenly, but is not so prolific a markets, although there are a great
Bunch long, rather loose; Eumelan for extensive culture, as it is bearer or strong a grower as the for- many acres of that variety in New
berry medium to large. Vine a a very irregular bearer ; in unfavorable mer. York State and in the East. It is a

strong grower, very irregular in the seasons it sets its fruit im: erfectlyand Diana.-A very fine grape when very showy grape, with medium to
setting'of its fruit; suffers sometimes is subject to rot. Requires a good free from mildew ; bunches medium large bunches and large round berries -
'from mildew and rot. ground and rather short pruning. and compact,berries medium, pale red, of a rich golden color. Flesh
Salem (Rogers' No. 53)).-Tne Highland.-A hybrid of Labruscaand with whitish bloom ; skin tough, flesh meaty and pulpy, very little juice anda
most popular of Rogers' hybrids' in Vinifera. A beautiful, black sweet, juicy, somewhat pulpy, with good deal of foxiness. With us it
the''markets where few' of the othersare grape, (when you can get it !) Bunches somewhat muscat flavor; vine a strong has proved a weak grower and has
to be seen. Bunch medium ; berry very large, always shouldered, quality grower and moderate bearer, suffers never matured its, fruit ; about one-
large, Catawba color ; skin thick and good. With us, it has never ripenedits every year from mildew on the berries. third of the berries ripen and are
astringent; flesh sweet, moderately fruit evenly ; part of the berriesare Early Victor.-A very early black crowded out by others which swell to
juicy, with 'decided aromatic flavor ripe, and the others still red or grape, superior in quality to any other, their utmost capacity, but remain as
pleasant! to some, unpleasant to others. green. Subject to rot and mildew. ripening at the same time. It does not, hard as a rock, whilst even the latest.
Vine a moderate grower, sets.it ,fruit Irving.-A cross between Labrusca however, correspond with the descrip- varieties are ripening.

-,' \.1Q '. : "





.'A ,.,..,. .: ..' .' ,
"" ?' '" -


Rebecca.-A white grape of fine Noah. Both are productive, vigorousand The vine suffered from anthracnose inferior fruit as Oporto, Hartford,

quality, but the vine is too poor a show about the same resistance to and mildew, which renders it unpr flt- .Ives_ etc., etc., are unquestionable! ] i'the

grower*for open field culture. Mil- disease. Both make a fine wine although able. We are experimenting with most certain and require less attention.I .

dews badly with us and has borne I would give the preference to several remedies against anthracnoseand take this occasion to call the at-

only a few bunches.Telegraph.An Elvira wine. Elvira will probably : mildew and will keep the ,readersof tention of fruit growers to Prunas

early black grapeof succeed farther South than Noah. this paper thoroughly posted with Virgatu,,; ,this'fruit ,may grow ',valuable -

fair quality. A good grower and I This, however, is still to be demonstrated. the resillts we may obtain. i, and profitable on account of extreme -

prolific bearer. Bunch a little too Cunningham (or ng-A purple earliness, ripening with,me this

.. compact, which sometimes causes, the Pearl.-A white grape of fine qual grape which makes a, high flavored! year, the 16th( of,April. The tree in

berries to crack. Flesh spicy and ity but not as prolific as Elvira. wine ; not productive enough to be bloom is an object of great beauty,the

juicy but not very sweet. Said to be Bunches too small to make it a desi- profitable. apricot shaped fruit, although ,small

subject to black rot ; with us it has rable table grape.Montefiore.A. Lenoir (or"Black Spanish, Jacquez, and perhaps not of? the very first,quality -

been so far exempt from this disease. wine grape, rich in El Paso, etc.-About as many namesas looks very attractive and is ripe:

Vergennes.-Should have been class coloring matter. Our vines have not descriptions. Our Lenoir comes when Peen-to s are still,green.H. .

ified by m> among the hybrids, as it yet fruited. from G. O. Oderdonk, of Texas, and VON LUTTICHAU.

is certainly a cross between Labruscaand we found on some vines the bunches to Lake Santa Fe, Waldo, May 28,1887.'
Vinifera and not a pure Labrusca. he very long and loose, and on some *-

Is inferior to some of Rogers' hybrids others medium and compact, which Tallahassee. Vineyards.
Norton. We endorse the
. in quality,growth and productiveness fully in the Bushberg would lead us to believe: ,that nit st of We t take the following account of

and is not entirely free from mildew opinion expressed the Southern JEativalis have been the vineyards near the Capital city
catalogue that "Norton with its twin
and rot. pretty much mixed up. Lenoir is described from the Floridian:

Worden.-I do not find this grapeto sister all Cynthiana, is now recognized the by as follows : Bunch very long, In Andalusia Vineyard, which is

be any improvement upon the experienced grape growers as loose shouldered, berry black with situated on the shores of beautiful:
most reliable and best red wine
Concord. grapein blue bloom small vinous Lake Hall seven acres of vines
; juicy, ,
America and we will add that it
TITI8 RIP ARIA. is in Florida where very rich in coloring matter. Subjectto yielded last summer fifty barrels, say
Most of the following are not pure especially so comparatively anthracnose and mildew. about 2,200 gallons of wine. This
few can be raised to
Riparias, but seedlings of Riparia and Our grapes vines of Norton and The other varieties of grape which year there will be in the same vineyard -

Laorusca' Hybrids with generally more perfection. we have in our vineyards are not' twelve acres of vines in bearing

of the characteristics of the former Cynthiana compare very favorablywith worthy of mention. I do not speak and 3,000 to 3,500 gallons of wine are
in Missouri and
pecies. have any or Virginia Thereis either of the European varieties whichare expected from the next crop of gr pes.

Amber.-Pale red grape of fine appearance proved perfectly healthy. all unreliable here ; we have The proprietors, Messrs. E. Dubois &
that I know of which
and, delicate flavor. Vine would no grape have withstood without serious fruited some every year, especially A. J. Lemort, bought lately seventy-

healthy but not productive with us.Baccliut Black Hamburg but cannot obtain seven acres of land adjoining their
the weather which
.- An improvement upon damage last severe A we perfect bunches without the use of vineyards, and will keep planting

the'Clinton.;t Vine vigorous, healthy, experienced visited in June summer.which most cyclone of paper bags. every year until they have one hun-
us by
bunch medium and compact ; berries 4 dred acres in grapes.
trellises blown down
round, below medium, black, juicy our were ; our For the FLORIDA DISPATCH: On the other side of Lake Hall Mr.
vines laid the for several
vinous and sprightly. A good wine on ground VINIFERA GRAPES. Collom set out hree years ago a five
weeks and frequent showers
grape. Is not entirely free from mil- daily preventing acre vineyard, and although the vines
us from rebuilding our trel Varieties that Succeed in Florida.
dew as said to be. had never been pruned before this
lises. this inclement
'Clinton.. -A well known wine grape withstanding Since success with some varieties of spring, and were deprived of all necessary -
weather which half of the
which seem to do well here, but whichis during V. Vinifera has become a question j>f care, they are now loaded with
in direct contact.vith the
not productive enough to be profi- soil grapes not were cluster of either Nortonor missleading novices, I will briefly give embryo grapes. '

table. one my experience with that class of At 'Ft. San Luis, two miles west of
rotted in whole
Elvira.-A. very valuable white Cynthiana The bunch of the our Nortonis grapes. First, I repeat, what I have Tallahassee, the San Luis Vineyards,

grape for wine making. With all its vineyard. shouldered the always said in answer to numerous (E. Dubois and H elly B. Dodd, pro-

faults which out below long, compact ; letters well in former articles their iron
we' point as as on prietors,) are putting on
is small it is here in
it ranks first among the white wine berry ( larger that subjectthat those California grape- dress ; about twelve miles of trellises
Florida than else I have
grapes of this country. In a 'moderately anywhere vines will prove a source of great disappointment have already been put up and fifteen
that black with blue
rich soil the vine is very vigorous seen grape) and that only a very hands kept constantly busy ever since
bloom vinous and
and healthy ; if the soil is poor it juicy, very sweet few kinds will be found satisfactory.Black December doing that work, and also
when makes ark red
is liable to be attacked by anthracnose wine of fully much ripe ; and a bouquet Prince, Flame Tokay, Sul- plowing, hoeing, and setting out vines,

which, however, has not much effecton body pleasant tana, Muscat Alexandria, and several trees and cuttings. The stock of
which it is said
that robust vine. As it is generally possesses great other Muscats, Malvoise, Vaslauer grape vines now in nursery consistsofover
medicinal Vine
inclined, to overbear it should be properties. very vig Frankenthal, Gros de Colman, Pales- 130,000 plants, a great numberof
and when
pruned\ 'pretty close especially when orous, healthy This productive with tine, Morocco Emperor, Golden Ham. which are already engaged for

the soil is not first-class. Bunches properly pruned.should be variety, burg, St. Peter, Zinfandel, Frontignon next fall planting by parties from allover

small, very compact causing sometimesthe Cynthiana, extensively Malaga, Riesling, all have the State. Three hundred acres
and feel confident that if
berries to crack when the seasonis planted, we proved a total failure ; over twenty of the Fort San Luis plantation have

too wet. Berries medium, round, given the proper care they will suc- others I have still on trial, anda been divided into twenty acre lots, to
ceed in all of this State. Both
with very thin skin, greenish transparent Norton and parts besides few of them I think will prove well. be sold exclusively to vine growers.

Fine flavor which, when this Cynthiana being Principal cause of their failure has Last year a French gentleman, Mr.
the beat wine of America
grape is turned into wine, impart to grapes are been a disease called Burner in Ger- J. Lemoine, bought one of these lots
also fine table and
the latter a fine bouquet fully equalto very grapes, per- many, the same as Anthracnose by and set out three acres in grapes.
before will rank
that of some Rhine wine. haps, long, they on Prof. Dubois. Phylloxera has had This year he added two acres to his
.. 'markets next to Delaware whose
I# Faith.-Said to be "j icy, sweet our berries not nothing to do with it. Many\ American vineyard, which looks exceedingly

and purely flavored." \ve have not are any larger. vines, some /Estivalis, some of thrifty.
of the
% fruited it yet; the vines have made a Norton Cynthiana.-The will description for that of the Rogers, Wylie's Hybrids and others, The adjoining lot was bought last

very rapid growth and 'seem to be Cynthiana. We answer have been unable to are as much subject to this disease as February by Mr. C. Lankey, .who has

very healthy. V. Vinifera. already 3,000 vines of the best varieties
find in either characteristicswhich
Marion.-A black, wine grape not any special Entirely free of it has been Black set out in vineyard. He had inSouth
do not to the other. Thereis
desirable, not sweet, mildew. apply Hamburg, some of the Chasselas and :Florida an orange grove which -
however marked difference between
Missouri Riesling.-A white grape, the Norton, a and wine White.Hungarian Tokay only slightly he sold so as to employ all. his resources -

owing its .name to some similiaritywith Cynthiana affected in very unfavorable sea- and time in grape culture.
the latter mellow and
the Riesling Grape of the famous being more gen- sons, like the present one. These The actual appearance of the vinesin
darker in color with distinct
Rhine Vineyards. Vine a ''moderate and erally still finer a three kinds only and a White Vini the San Luis vineyard gives great

grower and a prolific bearer. So far bouquet. fera seedling have proven successful promises of a large crop. Beside,

free from disease in our vineyards.We SOUTHERN DIVISION. with me. How they do or have done several thousands of new vines, Mr.

make wine from this and the Herbeinont (or Warren).-We have with others, is a different afiair. Chas Dubois set out this spring 150 fig

Elvira grapes, which we consider superior found this grape to be identical with selas and Tokay I grow without paper trees, 100 Japan persimmons, and a

to any 'California Hock made the variety known here as the "RedSt. bags-for Hamburgs I find them nec- number of pomegranates, olives. ,

from the genuine Riesling of the Augustine." Bunch Jarge, hand- cessary. But this should not be an quinces, etc. He proposes to put in

Rhine. some ; berry small to medium, very inducement to anybody to plant ex- next year 200 olives in grove forms

Noah.We are still in doubt as regards juicy, vinous, sprightly, a valuable tinsively of those kinds, in view of so and add at least twenty acres to his

the relative merits of Elvira and grape for wine as well as for the table. many failures by other growers; such vineyard.


a .,



.. .. .."..... .. .. ,
--'-'. '. "., .-' ,'- ,.-,,.. .1t'J;':;C.f.,":if:"":-.' 1'C4" -:' -,, -
', 478.: ,, THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.: [JUNE 6,1887.


The betts it was under the impression that be ruled out, for want of the mark ; and carried away. The pine, on the

Orange rope orange plants addressed to: her were of that in growth of wood and abundanceof contrary, harbors very little or no

,., the original consignment. How it large sized bloom, and in texture moss, grows rapidly, and without cost
For the::; FLORIDA;; DISPATCH.:: c:: : came about that I entertained this impression and quality of fruit so closely resembles ing the owner of the grove or field a

-, CALIFORNIA VABIETIES.! I cannot surmise. True, I the second, that I have given it thought, assumes the proper shape for
had not had occasion to critically recall the above name. The first as above efficient protection. Six years ago I
the matter for fifteen years, but it numbered, I suppose to be the Par- took a wooden bucket and went to the
Washington: Navel,Konah,and Pa-
Rind'St. Michael's.Some was recalled to me in this wise : ,a sons' Navel, the others I cannot class- woods, took up 100 young pines two
per note was received from California ask- ify. The third is known as the At to four inches high and set out on the
weeks since I received, fromE.
ing the ,Department for information wood's Seedless. It in quality, is best west side of my grove all inside of one
H. Van Dem an, of the Departmentof regarding the kind of stock upon which of all, keeps good into July, and I have hour. Nearly every one lived, and
Pomology,, three specimens < f'.oranges the plants sent to Mrs. Tibbets were seen a tree heavily loaded with fruit.It now are from eight feet to sixteen feet

Washington Navel or_ Bahia, budded. This led to inquiries which is practically seedless. As to names ;; high. The orange trees near them
Konah and Paper Rind St. Michael, settled the point that the plants sent to there should be no prejudice against a appear to grow as well as those at a
(supposed to be' a sport of the St. Riverside were plants of our own work- name. If the Riverside people have distance from the pines. Two pine
all of which
Michael) were doubtlessly ing on sweet seedling stocks, and I immediately developed a particular fruit, and first trees which came up from seed on the
grown at Riverside, California. I wrote an answer, correctingthe : brought it into public notice, and then other sides of the grove twelve years

have been requested to report my error, that I had unwittingly made, created a demand for it, so that such ago, are now over forty feet high and
ideas to DISPATCH.$. I did not cut' and furnished the information desiredin orange growers of our State as Bidwell, over one foot in diameter. I set out

them "in a corner", or alone-when I regard to the stocks employed.The of Orlando, and Hart, of Federal three pines some years ago that were
did I really felt sorry for California.I above mentioned correspondence Point, obtain their trees or buds of this three to four feet in height and took

felt as I used to in my student days took place about a year ago, so variety from there, I see no reason some pains with them ; only one lived.

when, studying my profession' whena that there is no mistake about Mr. why they have not a right to give a It is now about eight feet high. Two
fellow student delivered an extem- Steele's recollection of my making the name to that fruit. pines came up near it from the seed
pore address or an essay, and there above statement at Orlando last Feb- The classing of the Navel as number since then, either of them is over
were criticisms to make, or made, on twelve feet in It be
ruary. six in point of quality puts it far height. might
it. Once week it the for
was custom When the plants were received from below the estimate I give it. It has to better to plant the seed in autumn
one member of the class .to deliver a Bahia they were at once marked "Ba me been the standard of excellence. where> it is to grow. I have thoughtto

written essay, and another an extempore hia," and all plants propagated and distributed When the tree bears but few, which is try it but have never done so.
address. Then in turn each from them have carried this much too often, the quality is coarse M.C.
member had his chance to criticise, :Mandarin, May 23, 1887.
mark. The Department has had noth- and sometimes inferior. This is the .
and the last of all. When ---- ----. --
professors an do the of varieties. But when
ing what ever to with bewildering case most a
address'was smooth had
that it
so no synonyms which others have seen fit full or average crop is carried by a -
points for criticism, I always felt sorry to apply. It has been surmised that tree, I care not if it be the Parsons' va- Atwood's Seedless.-A New Navel.

for the man. I thought about that of the plants received from Bahia included riety, the skin is quite thin, the texture Eight years ago last February, the

those California oranges. They ,had different varieties. I do not fine and the pulp melting and de late Francis Eppes, of Orlando,

no points.A know of any foundation for this suppo licious. N. W. brought me some buds from George
few ,days since I received a box sition. All have the same character- ___ --A-----I Atwood of St. Augustine, where he had
with the stencil on the end "A. W. For the FLORIDA DISPATCH:
been Mr. told
istics ; they are profuse in flowers, visiting. Eppes me,
Chapman, San Gabriel, Cal. Porter sparse in fruiting, and the fruits are Forest Protection. Mr. Atwood got the buds from Mrs.

Brothers, Co.' of Chicago, sent them to similar in quality. The various appearances There is no doubt that forest trees Anderson, and that they originallycame
me. They, were all Navels, and so far of the navel mark seem to exert a great and beneficial influenceas from Washington. It was earlyin
as they have been .cut,. I have ,only the and I found two
be influenced by climatic and cultural a protection to fruit trees and season only
found two with a single seed, the rest lemon shoots water where
conditions. The sides most to or spouts
crops. necessary
have been seedless. I have cut them the bark would lift. W. H. Holden of
They set fruit sparingly because : protect from cold winds and high
for a number of our State growers of flowers are deficient in pollen. I have winds are southwest, northwest, and Orlando, was staying with me at the
fruit, and cut them in comparison-with seen it stated that this no-pollen theory northeast. But of all winds the west time. These two particular trees bore

Washington Navels as grown in Flor- will have to be abandoned ; but it wind is the worst, as it often causes the second year after a few oranges. I

ida. Not one man has expressed a should be rt membered that this is not the young fruit to drop in spring soon had a very good crop when the "big
doubt that different in class
they were a matter of theory or hypothesis, buta after it i ib set. It also retards the freeze" came a year ago last winter and
from the Navels that I
Washington matter of ocular demonstration and growth and the ripening of melons, destroyed these particular treeshowever -
cut for them, They were slightl; in July of that I cut few
fact tomatoes, and most other spring crops.A year, a
paler in color and skin thicker. J. C. buds from the buds set the first week in
The distributions of seeds and plants "shelter belt" of trees should not be
Slocum, who now resides at Orlando, made by this Department are on orders too dense' es. ecially near the ground, February and have two trees now
and who has the San
eaten genuine at furnished by its official head. as it may in that case work an injuryby bearing from those buds, They are
Gabriel, and W. A. Day; of Sanford, "WILLIAM SAUNDERS. causing to cold air to rise over it generally seedles, though the last season -

said they reminded them of the Superintendent, etc. and drive down again on the east side I found more seeds than I ever
foreign fruit they used to see in the Washington, D. C May ZJ, 1887. with greater power than if there were found previously. The trees did not
northern markets years ago, in aroma to have stamina
no trees near. It works precisely like prove or vigor enough
and taste. Mr. Day who is our San- placing a log in a stream of water. f for me, and I did not further propa-

ford packer and"'shipper, was emphatic THE NAVEL- WAR. In the latter case the water passingover :: gate. In October of the same year I

in his belief we had nothing to tear as Four Distinct Navels.-The At- the log carries: everything beforeit got the buds from Mr. Eppes, my wife
far as quality or appearance went, ifthese wood's Seedless. and makes a hollow in the bed of, and I were on the steamer with Mrs.
were fair samples of San Gabriel Anderson and Dr. Anderson her
the stream on the lower side of the son,
fruit. He that passing by, meddlctli with strife
from New York Savannah and
I belonging not to him is as one that taketh a log. A properly constructed or to ,
John Carrill Stovin, of Lake M itI dog by the ears."Bible. planted shelter belt will act so as to from there to Jacksonville, and found(

land, has a very large number of va Possibly that may be my case, if I check the cold air more especially at that Dr. Anderson did get the buds or
rieties of fruits, and he was disappointed have of the Navel trees from Washington.
my say orange. a distance from the ground, just as a
in these. I will send one to E. There doubt several varietiesof LYMAN PHELPS.
are no brush would do in a stream of water.
H. Hart, of Federal Point, and send the Navel in (this State in cultiva The tree most suitable: for planting as Sanford, J'lorldal\Iay 19, 1887.

one of the rusty Florida navels and tion, if we assume, which I think is a protection to crops and trees is the Atwood's Seedless seems to be a dis-

ask: Mr. Hart to communicate to which fair, that all that have the characteristic one that is most easily obtained, that tinct variety of the Navel family. Our

variety the'rusty navel belongs-theWashington mark are Navel. I have known grows vigorously and rapidly in the esteemed correspondent, N. W., who
Riverside Bahia the
or, three it fourdistinct varieties. The
not poorest soil, is the common pine. It
Florida the Rivers has it for some elsewherein ]
Washington or grown years
first is characteristically large, oblongin is now, and always will be, the most
Parsons Navel. LYMAN PHELPS. shape, the base being much larger valuable tree in Florida. Oaks are this department says it is a good
Sanford, Fla.,May 17th, 1887.
-.-. than the apex. The second is more among the worst; trees we have for keeper, a heavy bearer, and the best
For the,FLORIDA DisrATcii: round, sometimes flattish, and smaller this purpose, as they grow slowly and of the four varieties of the Navel he
:Mr. Saunders on the Bahia. in size. The third is quite oblong and furnish a breeding place for such has bearing.In .
Referring to the communication of much smaller than the first. The quantities of moss which is being car-
James H. White, of Island Home, in fourth, if it should be called Navel, is ried by the winds to the fruit trees to a recent interview, Mr. Bidwell,

vour issue of May 16th, regarding the much the shape of the second,and onlyin increase and be a source of expense of Orlando] speaking of this variety,

Bahia orange, I beg to offer a few brief rare cases shows the Navel mark. and vexation, or alighting on the described it as a small, oblong Navel,

remarks. ., I have another variety I caB the ground be a perpetual trouble to the with umbilical protuberance ]less prominent -
When writing the note to Mrs.Tib- "blind Navel," which would of course plow, hoe and harrow until picked up I than in other sorts. He men'F. -



9 +Y




tioned a seedling from this variety, chance to start and allows the surfaceof ular business they happen to be en-
raised by the late De Witt Oak, which ]'VIisce11 l.I1.eou the ground to harden thus stuntingthe gaged in.Ohio .
growth and dwarfing the development wants wool protected ; Pennsylvania
he (Mr. Bidwell) had propagated, the
of the crop that should have iron ; Louisiana, sugar; and
fruit showed all the characteristics of For the FLORIDA DISPATCH:
been cultivated earlier. now Florida, oranges, and she can
the parent, the tree being thorny and A Chapter on Neglects.An Neglect to keep on hand, under shelter have it by voting with the toool, iron
possessing the usual vigor of a new in- important element of success is a good supply of wood causes a and sugar men, and one hundred other
.. dividual. secured by doing things when they waste of the housekeepers patienceand industries, with the privilege of paying
should be done. More\ failures, more oft times of the man's time to secure them from forty to sixty per cent.
Our attention has been I
recently mishaps come from neglectful delay a supply when inconvenient ; more for their goods.
called to several seedlings of the Navel than from any other cause, and it is -I might mention many little neg- Instead of increasing the tariff on
which retain,the distinctive mark delay or neglect of little things. Is a lects on the part of the women, but I oranges, better reduce it on many other
of the parent, a persistance indicatinga hinge' getting loose, prompt attention leave the mention to one of their own articles ; make it light as possible on
defined strain with may save a hinge, the door, or keep sex for she will be more thorough and the "necessaries" until the revenue is
clearly disposi- the things to which it is a barrier from severe than my native gallantry will reduced to only what is needed. Or-
tion in some degree at least, to repro- harm, from destruction. The same is permit me to be. anges should not be classed among
duce itself from the seed, and promis- true of a stake, a rail, a post or a Neglect to keep a good, well fed the "luxuries" any more than apples,
ing numerous varieties of this class. board. One loose slat may let the cow deprives many families of the es- peaches or grapes. If we were not
hens, the pigs or the cattle in to destroy sential comforts as well as the luxu- protected so much, the cost of living
Seedling vs Budded Oranges. the garden or the crop in the ries of life. Not only is there a loss would be greatly reduced, and we
'. field. All due to the neglect of driv- of the healthful and valuable resultsto would not have to pap S1.25 per dayto
While it is true that some varieties ing a single nail that had been postponed be secured from the milk and cream have our oranges picked, or fifty
which have been originated from seed, to some more favorable time, be- by themselves, or by the additional cents per box to get them to market.
in Florida, are equal to, if not superior cause it was a little matter. A loose charm and value they give to the daily "Protection" means that all protected
to most of the foreign varieties, slat on the fowl house, or the neglectto diet, but also of the products of the industries can compel the consumer to -
yet taken as a whole, seedling grovesdo drive stakes or set a board on edge highly fertilized garden that every pay higher prices. While the laborer
not produce crops of such fruit. It down six inches below the base of the family that keeps a cow can have. receives a small part of the profits,the
is impossible to reproduce any variety coop may let in an opossum and cause Thus this common neglect causes a producer and manufacturer gets the
from the seed, the fruit of seedlingtrees the loss of the whole brood.A "
double loss, the loss of the healthful "lion's share, and pays the laborer in
will always vary more or less. neglect to plow a strip around milk and delicious cream and the loss sweet sounding phrases, such as "Fos-
The crop froa seedling grove is the fence, and hoe out the trash accu- 'of healthful, nourishing, appetizing tering American industry," "Incidental -
never so perfectly uniform in appear mulated against it, may resul in a vegetables. Florida will never truly protection" (to the laborer), and
ance as that from budded trees while forest fire breaking in, consuming the prosper until the keeping of good, reliable "Protection against pauper labor."
the difference in quality is still more fence and, perhaps, destroying the milch cows becomes as commonas If not to raise the price of oranges,
marked. When a desirable variety is grove. Useless and painful waste, all in other parts of the country. The what.is t the object in a higher tariff.?
originated from the seed and it is desired caused by neglect of proper precau- present neglect is absolutely unneces- Let the poor, "lazy Italian" have
to perpetuate and plant it largelyfor I tious. sary and an unpardonably short- his sixteen to twenty cents per day and
market you: cannot depend upon Many neg ect to bury their excre- sighted policy. I stay where he is, and not compel himto
seedlings, but must have recourse to ment and garbage when they should, Guess I have found fault enough for fo low his business to the United
budding.It and thus pollute the air breeding sick- one chapter, and I am not either bil- States to compete with our laborers,
is by no means proven to be a ness and, perhaps, death. Others waste ious or dyspeptic. we would soon have to put a tariff on
fact that budded trees will not male their wash water and slops by throw- SHERMAN ADAMS. the Italian.
as large trees, in time, as seedlings, ing them on the ground. about the Gabriella, Fla., May.25., 1887. What we want is a reduction on
though owing to their profuse fruit- house thus making unpleasant, perni- For the FLORIDA DISPATCH* : t other articles, and not an increaseof
fulness at an early age they will be cious surroundings, and breeding Innumerable Tariff on Oranges.I tariff on oranges. It has got to
slower in reaching a large size. Yet flies and mosquitoes, if not have no desire to enter into a come to that soon, and we might as
if they are smaller, it is then only disagreeable feelings and fevers. Often "tariff discussion," exeept as it bearson well "face the music" now and beginto
necessary to plant the trees a little the well becomes the center of drain- the orange question. The idea ad- keep step with the
closer to have a bearing surface age, veritable cesspool, and the watera vanced, that a higher tariff will in- times.R.. J. W.
equal to the seedlings.As of disease. If these .
sure cause nox- crease the price of labor, pay the 4
to the budded trees being shorter ious elements had been applied to orange grower better prices, and not For the FLORIDA DISPATCH:
lived, that is another unproven assertion growing crops at a safe distance from increase the cost to the consumer, is a Initial Railroads. .
with the probabilities strongly in I the well and house, it would have novel one.Where. Florida pays a fearful duty on her.
favor ot the budded trees, provided' added largely to their growth and is the money to come from exports of vegetables, fruits, etc., by
good, healthy stocks were used. In productiveness. to do this? "Y)u want protection reason of the heavy haul through
our settlement, budded trees went Neglect to keep on hand and use a against foreign fruit. Surely the extra sandy roads.Exemption.
through the severe freeze of January supply of muck and plaster causes the quality of our oranges, and a broad from taxation for a
1886, in quite as good condition as the waste of much valuable fertilizer and ocean, ought to furnish protection period ot twenty years on capital invested -
seedlings.It increases the home discomforts. against foreign competition. Very in a class of roads that will
is no argument against budded Neglect to set out and cultivate much of the imported fruit is owned cover the routes of cartage from grove
trees to say that the fruit from many grass and shade trees about the house by citizens of the United States, who to railroad station, and arrange for
budded groves is no better in quality causes a waste of labor on the part of have invested their money in the busi the best economy of time and strengthin
than that.from seedling trees. I ad- the women folks in the endeavor to ness; they supply a demand; have this service, should be allowed.
mit that this is frequently the case, keep things clean, and a waste of the they no rights that need protecting? Roads consisting of only so much of
but that is the fault of those who used strength and patience of all the family There is more need of protection earth as shall be necessary to properly
buds of inferior varieties.W. on hot days because the air in and against California fruits. "surface up" the rails and ties to be
C. STEELE. about the house is much hotter where "Oh, that is a part of our country, placed thereon, conforming (except in
Switzerland--, Fla., April...-28-, 1887. the sand absorbs and reflects the sun'sheat and besides that, the Constitution pro- extraordinary conditions) to the gen-
For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. than while it is mitigated with a hibits it." eral surface; rails of steel, say 15
Gets Buds From California.I thick carpet of grass and a beautiful The last reason given is, no doubt, pound per yard ; cars to be so light as
have .been much interestedin shade. It will make eight to ten what prevents its being done. Only to be easily handled by the driver, to
the discussion very over the Navel ques- degrees difference in a hot day. three or Lur States can raise oranges, be hauled by mules or horses, and, so
tion, and after all the light that it Neglect to keep out the poultry bya and so the other forty-three States and far as possible, ,these to be supplied by _
appears possible to obtain has been suitable wire or picket fence pre- Territories must be compelled to buy the party offering the freights, in
given, it seems that the mist has by vents in many, many cases the suc- of them at an increased price, and all which case the company supplying the
no means cleared away ; and to the cessful growing of vegetables and for the "love of our country." I ad- cars at a charge per ton per mile.
writer, who is a nurseryman engagedin flowers. mit that the tariff on oranges might Beyond road and cars the company to
the propagation of the orange, it is Neglect to rub off the buds when be more than doubled to come up to own as little paraphernalia as possible.
evident that the only safe way is to they appear where not wanted on the general average, but that don't Light rolling stock only to be placedon
use buds known to be from the Cali- trees compels the later cutting off oi f make it right or necessary, for the the road, and such regulations as
fornia stock. NURSERYMAN. limbs that leave weakening scars thus average is too high; but our peopleare shall facilitate traffic and passenger
increasing the labor, causing damageto compelled to pay it, and the travel to be enforced.In .
A carload' watermelons was ship- the tree and a waste of its strength. "Treasury surplus" grows larger every the interest of public economy I
Kissimmee, May 24th, to Neglect of early and frequent hoe- month. Most all admit that a reduc will be glad to hear from the next in- '"
Washington, D. C. ing of any crop gives the weeds a tion is necessary, except in the partic- terested party. M. L. WOOD.

,. -:'>... h

M, r,


I 0 :

4:8Cr: ( -- == THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.- _-_- _-_ -_ [JUNE 6, 1887J! .
-- ------- -----

It may not be known, however, that it better is ,obtainable, and keep them and of the easiest culture."

Ornamental Horticulture! is easily made to assume a bush form, well watered in a'sunny window where The Stapelia grows very readily

by cutting it back severely from timeto you can watch their growth and see from cuttings, yet, as with the various
the tender ferns unroll and the tiny
BY W. C. sTEELE.Ornamental
time as may be .necessary. A row flowers open ; they will teach you a kinds of cactus, many fail. The secret

Hedges.At of them'could be grown into the form lesson of faith and love which you cau lies in letting the cutting dry some-

the North it is very common to of a hedge and would be very ornamental never forget." what and heal over before trying to

see 'a row of email evergreens set be ], as the foliage has a peculiarly Most of this is as true and applicablein root it. Then tie it to a stick, which

glossy appearance and is, of itself Florida as at the North. The will hold it upright,with the ends just
and kitchen
the lawn the
tween -
garden the box of sand
and while
seed however should be touching ,
beautiful when there are no flowers. pansy sown
: They are sheared closely and keeping it moist be careful not to haveit
The only objection to it is the fact in November. .
evenly and form a good back ground too wet.-ED. HORT.
that it is rather tender and is killed to Less than five cents will give as .
for'the and
yard serve as a screen
the if the thermometer much variety as one can desire, :
ground goes any
to like i i is
such vegetation as not specially The Evergreen Privet.I .
down below Yetas for reliable Northern florist
twenty-five degrees. a now
ornamental. was much interested in Mr.Winne's
The varieties used are commonlysome the roots are seldom or never killedin offers a packet of mixed flower seeds account of his Lion's Tail. I like a

species of Arbor Vitae ; occasionally this State and the plant is a vigorous containing 500 varieties for two, two beautiful garden, and am much inter-

and rapid grower, it will soon re- cent stamps. The ferns, moss, partridge ested in getting a larger variety of
a 'bedge'of Hemlock or one
c ver its ground even when the tops berries (Mitchella repens) and flowers that will succeed here. I mean
of Tree ,Box, Buxus sempervirens, frozen. those that will thrive without much .
are violets also natives of this State-
may. be seen.. nursing. I have some beautiful trees
In place of the wood sorrel and saxi-
The use of these ornamental hedgesis The Influence of Flowers. called Privets, that are evergreen, and
frage, we have Houstonia rotundi- cuttings succeed readily. I think the
not in Florida it in the Amer-
so common as Daisy Eyebright, says
folia and three varieties of Pinguicula, cuttings take root the most readily,
should be} especially when we remember ican ,Garden : and '
all of which will flower in a saucer of surely, of anything I know of, it
,thatwe are not confined to conifers "Since the earliest ages of the world is akin to the lilac, but the odor is

,but have, a long list of broad-: flowers have borne an important part. water and are well worthy of cultiva- more like the hyacinth. The blossoms

leaved' from which to select. They.are dedicated to the gods. Ve tion. appear about Easter, and area, very
evergreens .
nus is represented wearing a garlandof pure white, tinged in the center with
will bear like
: They not shearing roses ; Juno holds a lily in her hand, Star Cactus. straw color. The flowers are very

the' coniferous evergreens, but by a and Ceres is adorned with bearded Under the above name, or some- fragrant, and are borne in upright

proper'system of pruning, and piichingthe wheat and corn poppies. In the day'sof thing similar, there is often found in branches about three or four inches in
Roman and Athenian luxury and length. The tree about ten feet
: ends of the shoots, they may cultivation curious which is grows
a plant
refinement, flowers held an essential high, and is of a close, compact, upright
be made to assume almost any desired
place in festivities and religious exer- not a Cactus, but a Stapelia. The following habit. It is admirably adaptedfor

form:,, Most of them have the additional i-- cises ; they were heaped upon altars, account from the Ladies' Home ornamental hedges, and if kept

attraction of flowering freely, bound to the heads of the beasts which Companion is very interesting and' closely pruned might take the place

the'blossoms are often very beautiful were sacrificed to appease the wrath of amusing : which the Box and Arborvitae occupyat

and'their season of bloom is frequently} the gods, and wreaths were worn not the North. I will exchange a lim-
several months duration. only by women, but also by men, "My Star cactus (Stapelia) has been ited number of cuttings for cuttings of

whose heads'were crowned with flowers blooming-only one single blossjm, geraniums, begonias, coleus, roses or
Cape Jessamine, Gardenia Florida, upon all festive occasions., As many but such a beauty Have you ever seed of Columbine, carnation, oxalis,

a shrub-which is found
dooryard, is one of the best for this arranging flowers in those ancient shades of buff and brown. I raised myosotis,slips. The best way to send

Other varieties of Gardenia times as at the present day, and every the plant from a small slip a finger- slips or plants is wrapped in calico
purpose. occasion had its particular adornment. length long. It is now four years old, dipped in beeswax. I have seen cut-
would probably thrive just as well and we are all so proud of it that we
All over the wide world flowers are tings comefrom California in good con-
and add variety to the scene. G. planted, watered, weeded and cher- called all of our friends and neighbors dition by mail that way.

Fortunii is similar-to Gi' Florida,. but ished, and from their influences the to see it. My husband, however,kepton VAN EPPS HOWARD.Eustis .
hearts of thousmds thousandsare saying there must be a dead rat Fla., May 28, 1887.
has larger flowers. Japonica is also upon .
about. We hunted and low and
and ofa ,
nourished to
uplifted a sense
much like G. Florida except that the A New Kalanchloe Carnea.
could find until he
We cannot enjoyour not anything, was
flowers are single and are succeededby lives fully power.without flowers, and ashamed to have people come to see it. From the description, this seems

scarlet fruit, which hangs on the they are the cheapest of pleasures. A So one morning I called a professionaland likely to prove an interesting additionto

r bush all winter. There is also a subspecies five cent packet of pansy seeds will brought him into the room to show our list of ornamental plants. OardenerS' -
off treasure. In of husband's Monthly says of it:
least different my spite my -
of the last variety with variegated give you at twenty varieties
"In windows and old
"I' of purple and gold and lilac dark looks he, too, came in and many green-
'leaves.TheaBoheaChinese. snuffling until the florist said houses, a plant is commonly found
and blue and cream color and white kept on ,
tea plantthoughof flowers whose lovely faces will look up "Do you smell the flower ? Have you that roots easily from the leaves.

rather slow growth is also well into your eyes with'a beauty all their ever smelled it?" Well, I never These are somewhat fleshy, and root
i where they fall. We never heard
hard. Our "dead rat" any
laughed so
adapted'for* this purpose. This would own. Five cents will purchase a
common name for it, but it was knownto
explained. Pooh such a smell The
of whose odors
also-combine the with the package mignonette
useful ornamental gardeners as Bryophyllum calyci--
tire. Women there- florist told me the plant is quite som-
ad the leaves'from the one can never num. A closely allied plant has been
young it blooms seldom.
to mon, only so
fore cannot excuse
plead poverty
shoots : be and dried for introduced from South Africa by
might picked, '
the flowerless condition of their
surroundings In addition to the above, the follow-
Messrs. Veitch & Sons which has been
tea after,the had attained suf- three four
hedge because even or
ing from Park's Floral Magazine named as above. The habit is much
ficient size to bear such severe pruning. can club together, paying only ten
throws some further light on the best the same as the old favorite, and it basin
The Privet --1 des- cents each, and procure eight or ten
Ligustrum addition, fragrance and pink flow-
method of cultivation
varieties of seeds, which will give each :
cribed in column Mr. Howard i ers.
by: person,'an abundance of plants. Culti- "The great secret in cultivating the
,,, is- desirable. ,hedges) as are a.so vate but a few varieties as a begining.You Stapelia is to allow them a season of I For the FLORIDA DISPATCH:

several other varieties of Liguetrum. will receive a ten-fold return for rest, and not try to force them while The Salisburia from Cuttings.

EU6nymus Japonicus is quite extensively your labor. I have always said! I resting. They should not be watered I see that those writing about S Jis-
if I had until Put it in buria of the fact that it
planted in Georgia and South should have garden to plantit growth commences. a seem ignorant
in a wheelbarrow and trundle it cool place and give it water while it grows very easily from cuttings. We
Carolina as an ornamental hedge around to catch the sunshine.Go is in a dormant state, and I'll warrant have here a large specimen of it, and

plant. It is vigorous and hardy but forth into the woods in the early you it will 'tumble tot pieces. They find it perfectly hardy and easily prop-

is not showy as it does not flower spring and carry a basket and a trowel delight in heat and strong light. Mine agated from cuttings the same as any

early'' nor freely. There is.al80. a and dig up some moss and fern roots sets on a bracket that can be swung other trees or plants'that are propa-

variegated-leaved'form of this Euony- with partridge berries intermingled ; close to the glass in daytime and back gated in that way. Our tree producesseed
add to them some roots of the wind into the room at night. In the sum- but we have never propagated it

muse anemone and wood sorrel, wild violet mer I put it out in the sun, and withan that way, but always from cuttings.

Tecoma capensis is: an evergreen and saxifrage, and plant them in a occasional watering it takes care,of CHARLES ,BLACK.

mber'with'showy; bright red flowers. deep dish from your pantry if nothing itself.: It is an interesting plant to me, HIghtstown,N.J., May 2,1887.

.::::,,;" .. -,


... ,



.. ,", 887.. ], -'- THE FLORIDA DISPATCH..T--' 481:
---- -- --

shall it be, boys ? "Tom is like his father for the world." Next to' love in the heart" light in
:rloIIle Inte ests. By and by, when all earthly things His mother may have been a neat, the mind will minister to"the comfortof

.. are dissolved, th's' is the structure we careful, industrious woman, and may the home if mingled in proper pro-
BY MRS. E. A. HILL. shall have to inhabit, and with what have tried hard to inculcate cleanlinessand portions. Both quality and quantityare
furnishing we choose. We cannot complain industry in this Tom. But alas! important here. Carefully selected -
The Boys. at our own selection. The house nature works its own way, and it is books, well arranged courses of
we build, we shall inhabit. A gentleman likely poor Tom will live on and diea reading and study, in which all the
One' of our readers, (a girl, by the said to me in conversation a few dirty vagabond. He may have a members of the household are.to ,be

way) says : "Why don't you say some- I days since : "The thought that I was brother just the reverse. We see brought to participate, if.possible, will
thing about boys ?" We certainly do daily furnishing my house for all fixture daily examples of hereditary intemperance secure the desired end. Thus the

not intend to slight the boys, and we contemplation, has kept me back and disease. Consumptiontakes home will be made not'only'a school
from many a sin, and led me to stop one after another in a family ; it of learning for its members but an as-
are most happy if of them are sufficiently -
any and consider, many times in my life, is generally noticed that each genera- sociation of scholarly persons having a
interested to read. our department whether the picture I was drawing tion dies earlier, or rather the disease knowledge of the.passing events of the
would be one that I should delight to appears earlier, until you find them at day, and an intelligent comprehensionof
But we confess that the subject of"boys" have with me for permanent contem- twenty rapidly consuming away. Oh, the science, literature, art and religion -

.. is an intricate one ; to the ordinary plation." how careful we should be of our phys- of the past and presentand the
All boys should especially acquirethe ical and mental body.I refinement, culture and comfort of the
mind the ordinary boy is
past habit of treating every woman don't think the plan of washing home will be greatly enhanced.
finding out. with courtesy, thus earning the title ofa the colored clothes would do if there is "Labor in the fingers." Every mem-
None but the keen vision of a moth- gentleman.,. Boys should always only one to do cooking and all. How ber of the home should be a producer.He .
er's, love can penetrate the hidden show respect and kindness to those who does A. M. manage ? I admire A. M. .who causes light to spring out of
recesses of a boy's heart, and find the have loved and cared for them during I wish she would give through these darkness, joy out of sorrow,:and ,hopeout
childhood. columns, her method of housekeepingand of despair ; he who from the hid-
fount of within know
joy or sorrow ; we "Don't forget the old folks, programme of meals each day. I den resources of his own heart,brings
there are many boys who resent this As Love they them with more unshrinking and more feet, think she must manage excellently, forth that which enlightens,cheers and "
loving guardianship, not appreciating Near the shining. shore." and enjoy good health to have leisure comforts another in the'weary way'ot
the fact that it is love that makes the hours to discuss.and enjoy solid works.I life, is as much a producer ashe;, ';who
mother's eye keen, and her voice anx- Queries. cannot tell you how much I enjoy by muscle or brain adds to the, mate-
"Home Interests." I was telling my rial wealth of the world. Some things
ious in the welfare of her
regard to Editor Home Interest:
husband this morning that to get follow naturally in the track of others,
boy. Happy is the boy who can makea \\ill you or some of the readers of along and enjoy Florida, one must as light attends upon the pathway_ot
loving confidant of his mother. the DISPATCH please give a recipe for take Florida papers, and good ones, the sun in his journey around the
We remember the saying of some making fig preserves ; also for drying like the FLORIDA DISPATCH. He world. Love loves to spend and be
.. them, and different ways in which they smiled at my enthusiasm, and said, spent for the good of others. Love
wise he "God could
not be
man :
says can be used. Please tell how to bud "you are right." I will close with a lessens care,, lightens labor, and con-
everywhere,so he made mothers." We roses ; at what time, and what varie- recipe, which I recommend as delicate verts the daily duties that, otherwise
believe the thought of God is every- ties to use. Will you tell me some- and nice. would be tasks-burdens of care and

where, and by means of this lovingcare thing about the Kindergarten system, One cup of powdered or fine granu anxiety into the ministry of affection
which never tires, lIe is watching how to teach it at home and also what lated sugar, one half cup of corn- for the comfort of loved ones. Love's
books or toys, or whatever is needed starch dissolved with one cup of milk, fingers are nimble. These three thingsare
over and around these same boys in first in teaching small children. one heaping cupful of sifted flour, essential elements in the make up

the midst even of wandering and By answering the above. questions, with a moderate teaspoon of Royal of the healthy, happy home-LOVE,
temptation.But you will greatly oblige baking powder, whites of three eggs LIGHT, LABOR.
about boys ; they are abundantin MRS. P. E. PERKINS. beaten to a stiff'froth ; flavor with l lemon ..
Tompkinsville, Hernando Co., May 15,1887* For the FLORIDA DISPATCH. _
vanilla. "Lord of creation"says
or My
the world what the world needs
yet ,
In reply to the above letter we in "its splendid." Recipes.
is boys of the right stamp ; boys of sert in our column of Recipes an ex- Will some one send a recipe for FIG PRESERVES.-Gather fruit when
ambition and character ; boys possess- cellent method of preserving and can- omelette ? P. 1\1. fully ripe, but not cracked open;'place:
ing the elements of true manhood, ning figs. We would like to hear from .-.-. in a perforated tin bucket or 'wire
W. C. Steele, of Switzerland, Florida, For the FLORIDA DISPATCH: basket, and dip for one moment intoa
as honesty, intelligence, activity, Home .*
Making Happy.
kettle of hot and
in regard to budding roses and what eep moderately
and courtesy ; such boys are in demand -I EdUo' Home Interests: them
varieties are most suitable for this strong lye, (some prefer letting
everywhere, they will be sure to country. We cannot reply at lengthin Anything that will lighten labor, lie an hour in lime water, and after-
find,a situation waiting for them. regard to the Kindergarten system, and lessen care, and make homemore i, wards drain ;) make a syrup in pro-
Perhaps the greatest of all earthly there is so much to be said ; but we home-like and happy is certainly portion of one pound sugar to one ot
would call your attention to a monthly worthy of our attention. To this end fruit, and when the figs are well
considerations to is the
a boy
entitled Child Culture, published by your "Home Interests" are laboring. drained, put them in the syrup, and
forming of good habits. We have Fowler & Wells, 775 Broadway, New You are publishing recipes for secur- boil them until well cooked ; removing,
heard that habit "at first is but the York, at one dollar per annum, which ing greater economy, for gratifyingthe boil the syrup down until there is just
spider's web, easily broken, later on, will fill the bill, we think.-ED. H. I. palate, and promoting the general enough to cover the fruit ; put the
it is'the silken cord, and afterwards it .* comfort, health and happiness of the fruit back in the syrup, let all boil,
For the FLORIDA DISPATCH, home. 1 send you a recipe for healthy,. and seal while hot in glass or porcelain -
becomes the strong cable that cannot Heredity. happy living, which I hope will be of jars.A .

be broken." DEAR SISTERS, Was not that arti, service to your readers. GOOD RECIPE FOR CANNING
How sad to see any of these dear cle, "Heredity," good. How true it is, Recipe for good living. "Love in FIGS.-To three quarts boiling water
t" boys bound by the iron chain of habitto we seek young man steady, industriousand the heart, light in the mind, labor in add two heaping tablespoonfuls soda;
some easily besetting sin, that will manly, we hear it said in reference the fingers." now dip your figs in the water for one
to him. "How much like his father,' I do not claim originality for this, minute and skim them out; then wash
surely! rob them of all that is most and of a daughter, we hear it, "Exact- but I do regard it as being of great' them thoroughly in two or three
desirable in life, if not of life itself! ly like her mother,so neat and lovable." value, and sure, wherever carefully waters; or until there'is-no color] left
; If boys, would only stop and think; We see a singer transmit his talents to followed to fill the home with the lightof in the water. To ten pounds of figs
day by day they are building the char- his child, sometimes it is intensified, or love and peace. allow eight pounds sugar; add just
acter that shall be for time, and not for perhaps it is lessened. I once knew a Let there be "love in the heart" of enough water to dissolve the,.sugar;
time alone. As we pass along the mother who had such taste in artiEtic each member of the household-love when boiling hot, drop in the figs,
street see a building going up, one beautifying, the gift was very much pure and simple ; conjugal, paternal, having first selected them with care
by one the bricks are placed in the greater in her child, it was remarked, filial love, active in its operation, so as to avoid any that are broken or
wall, and then fastened,by the mortar. "how bad it is.that B. is not rich so "blessing Him who gives and Him over ripe; let them boil slowly two
So ,in this life we are building, one she can indulge in cultivating her who takes." Let love be the atmos- hours ; now remove the figs and boil
little thought: one little act, then an- gift. If good can be transmitted, it phere of the home, all the members down the-syrup until quite thick ; replace -
other'and fastened by the strong band follows that evil can also. There is dwelling in love, each bound to each the figs ; bring all to a boiling
of a habit ; and the walls thicken, and Tom Smith, loafing around town, justas with love as with .a chain of light heat ; ,when they are ready for canning
they rise, and',finally the wall becomes his father did, with a slouchy hat; which can neither gall nor burden.In after the usual method. A few slices
solidified until it becomes a "thing of and a general don't care"appearance, such a home peace will be a con- of lemon with its juice will improve .
beauty," or-the reverse.: Which perhaps you will hear some one remark, stant guest. i its .flavor.IUNE6 .

-t,-,. ., '





EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT.A. Varieties of the Navel Orange.It ideal Navel. well wherever tested.A .

will be noted by those who have The Double Imperial is equal in f few varieties of European grapes
H. MANVILLE, Editor. ( Vitis vinifera have been
) quite suc-
followed closely the Navel discussion quality to the Washington, (see reportof
cessfully grown in some parts of the
Contents. which! has been running in the columnsof comparative test at Orlando Fair in State. Enough has been done to prove _

THE OBCHAKD-Bidwell's Early Peach, the DISPATCH for some weeks, that DISPATCH of February 28, 1887,) the that the climate is not fatal to them.If .

and Races other Especially new Individuals Adapted of to Chinese South not a sing fact has been sustained in tree bearing younger, has the vigor of the soil is not adapted to their roots,

VINKYABD Florida.-.Grapes..In Florida, Varieties- 475 the line of evidence introduced to seedling,and although we have not seen then they may be grafted upon healthy,
Tested In Andalusia and San Luis vigorous American varieties, and their
Vineyards, with their Liability to or show that ,the twelve trees obtained it*in bearing long enough to speak is assured.
Freedom from Disease.. 476
Vinlfera Grapes Varieties that Succed in from Brazil by the Department were advisedly as to its prolificness, the re Peaches have been grown in Flor
Florida GROVE: -California Vineyards..477ORANGE Varieties, not of a single variety. As the trees ports from all quarters seem to indi- ida for many years, but the general
Washington Navel, Konah and Paper cate at least that it is more prolific
made for the
were Department by a
Rind St. Michael's; Mr. Saunders on planting of peach orchards for profit
the Bahia; The Navel War, Four Dis- than either the Parsons the Wash
party in Brazil, with the view of Ob- or
Jtlnct Navels,the Atwood's Seedlings; dates back a decade, to the introduction -

lings Forest, a Protection new Navel;.Atwood's Seed- 478 taining the best Navel orange there ington. I of the Peen-to, and the general
Seedless vs. Budded Oranges;Get Buds 1-+-4
from California 479 grown, it seems very unlikely that dissemination of this variety and the
M ISCELLANEOUS-A Chapter on Neglects; Best Grapes and Orchard Fruits.J. .
than should have
more one variety
Tariff on Oranges; Initial Railroads. 479 Honey, both being especially adaptedto
ORNAMENTAL HORTICULTURE Ornamental been sent, and this probability is borne K. H., of Georgetown, S. C.,
Florida the former to
Hedges; the Influence of Flowers particularly
Star Cactus the Evergreen Privet wishes information as to the best vari-
; ; ; out almost to a certainty by the strong
a new Kalanchloe K.Carnea; the Sal- South Florida. Until 1886 these two
Isburia from Cuttings. .... ...... 480 chain of evidence that has been eties of White, Red and Black grapes
pre- varieties continued be the
to leading
HOME INTERESTS-The Boys; Queries;
Heredity.; Making Home. Happy; Recipes 481 sented, and to which Mr. Saunders, of for vineyard culture, also the best peaches in Florida ; the Peen-to was

EDITORIAL--Contents; Varieties of the the Department, adds an importantlink Pears and Peaches, soil a light sandy the earliest in the
ripening peach
Navel Oranges;'Best Grapes and Or-
chard Fruits........... 482 in his communication in this is. loam, and, we take it for granted, in United States its from
A Valuable Fertilizer t What Variety Is season being
It Orange; the Morning.News; the Florida 483 sue. From the facts that have been Florida.On the first of May to the first of June.

PUBLISHER'S DEPARTMENT. 483 brought out up to the present time, it another page our correspondentwill
number of varieties
MARKET REPORTS......... 483 Latterly a new
METEORLOQICAL........... ............ .... 483 seems reasonably certain that the find an exhaustive article on the have been introduced, some hybrids of
FERTILIZERS-Facts About Fertilizers, varieties of the in this
Common Sense Methods of Application Florida Washington" and the "Cali- grape grown Peen to and Honey, some of the Peen-
; Most Available Plant Foods; State, by Prof. E. M. Dubois, of Tallahassee -
Cotton Seed Meal,Sea Island vs. Short fornia Washington" are one and the to strain and some distinct from these.
... ........ 484THE ,
an accepte authority on
FARM-Corn In Florida, Pea Vine same thing ; that the "Riverside Na- grape None are earlier than the Peen-to, buta
Hay; a Representative Hay Farm; growing in Florida. On the same
Nut 485 vel" is not a new variety in this State, few are equally as early, and of these
FLORIDIANA-Manatee County, its Past, Baron who has
von Luttichau,
but well known which page
sort have
a we
Present and Future; Success and Fail- some are an improvement on this va-
ures, hasty Judgment of Florida Soils; made European grapes (vinifera) a
here for in its
California and Florida; Succession of grown some years highest riety, lacking the objectionable bitty r-
Wild Flowers 486 specialty enumerates such varieties as
STATE ITEMS.;.. 487 I perfection, which it is doubtful if ness of the latter, except when perfectly -
POULTRY AND APIARY-Points of Brown California has reached. have succeeded with him. In our issue
ever also its to incon-
Leghorns; Notes. 488 ripe ; disposition
The part of Mr. Saunders' article of April 25th, of the current year, Jas. in quality.We .

In another column, Mr. Saunders, which will attract most attention is H. White, of Indian river, gives the stancy have not the to enumerate

of''the"United States Department of results of a comparative test he has space
his assertion concerning the twelve these new varieties here each will
. Agriculture, says the deficiency of pol-- the made with a number of varieties in
trees imported by Department, be properly described in its season.
len theory of accounting for the shy tht all bearers. This that flection. Mr. Leahman, of South
they are
sparse On another page will be found an account -
bearing of the Navel has been estab- Flor- Lake Weir, reports great success with
has been the doubtful point with and description of Bidwell's
lished by occular demonstration. How ida all alone definite infor- certain seedlings of V. vinifera. At
growers ; Early and its introducedby
does Mr. Saunders account for the fact mation on this point has been singu- our request Mr.\ W. C. Steele sums up Mr. Bidwell.A .congeners

that a Navel tree blooming in a groveof in California of the information on grapes desired by
larly wanting reports full description of the several va-
other varieties will cause them to correspondent as follows :
this fact;and this authoritative state- our rieties brought out by Mr. De Pass

bear :oranges having the umbilical ment will probably cause our growersto The cultivation of what are gener- appeared last week, together with a .

mark of the Navel, while the Navel N erally known as "bunch" grapes, to
"go slow" on the Washington a- history of the peach in Florida from
tree bears little or no fruit? We have distinguish them from varieties of the
vel. It begins to look as though we L. Taber of Glen
his Mr. Geo. ,
known this to be the case in a grove Muscadine or Scuppernong family, pen.
had been "taken in" with other gul- successful in Flor- also has number of
of ten acres containing a jew barren was not generally tit. Mary, a new

Navels to such an extent as to enable lables by the furor created by ida until within a few years. The ex- varieties of special value in Florida, a

the grower to ship enough fruit to establish the Southern California press as periments of growers, in different sec- full account of which will appear in
brand of Navel in tions of the State, have awakened a
oranges of the Boom which
a great
market. part wide-spread interest, and vineyardsare our columns at an early day.

.- .- .- they have been working for all thereis being planted quite extensively, Horne, Callahan,*and others also report -

Mr. Steele has our thanks for a in it, with a Monumental Gall, a with a good prospect for profit from new sorts, especially adapted to

basket of strawberries of the Indiana characteristic disregard for truth, and the investment, under the improved this State. These, together with the

variety. They were perhaps the most withal a consumate skill rarely equaledin systems of culture now in vogue.It I! Peen-to and Honey, make up the Flor-

delicious berries we have eaten in this the history of the development of best varieties is a difficult for general matter to planting name ,the as ida Catalogue for 1887-8, so far as

State, certainly equal to the Federal this country. Instead of having a new so few have been sufficiently tested. peaches are concerned. This list will

Point berry which has heretofore been thing they are simply ten years be- The Concord, a black grape, which is probably he largely increased in the

our standard of excellence among the hind Florida in the matter of Navel the "grape for the million" at the near future by the addition of other

varieties grown in this State. Theyare growing and their excitement will North,is almost worthless here. There new sorts. From present indicationsthe

hot as early as the Nunan and probably end as ours did a dozen seems,to also be some black prospect, will prove that to Moore'sEarly be de peach is destined to be one of our

will not 'stand up as well, thereforenot years ago, in the discovery that other sirable. leading fruits ; we certainly can pro-

as good a variety for Northern varieties equally as good bear five The Delaware, red, is one of the duce earlier peaches, and have a much

markets., But, according to Mr. times as many oranges to the tree. most profitable market grapes. longer season than any other part of
Steele they vigorously and fruit The Brighton, also red, is also verypromising.
grow and in all
The recent Navel discussion has the United States, proba-
heavily here. We have always protested .
against the growing' of the hard, brought out the fact that the Navel No white variety has been suffi- bility, it will not be long until Florida

sour Nunan and Wilson for table use, family is a large one and likely to be : ciently tested to be safely recom- varieties will be unexcelled in qualityand

which are fit only for New York mil increased by new varieties from the mended. The Niagara and Empire not exceeded in numbers by thoseof

lionaires at a dollar a box. And we seed. While the Washington is State are excellent white grapes, but other section.
superior any
advise all our readers who have a should be tested before planting .
in and than The LeConte and Keiffer
quality more prolific pears
kitchen garden or strawberry patch to largely.
plant the Indiana for home consump- the old Parsons Navel it is still a shy Several of Rogers' Hybrids, both thrive throughout the State. Thus far

tion and local market. bearer. We must look further for the black and red have done remarkably pear growing has been confined to

.. .' ..', -
i ,- -,,'. '- .''"




JuNE.6,1887.1.' ---=====THE FLORIDA DISPATCH. :483

these-varieties We believe the Bartlett The Morning News. PUBLISHER'S DEPARTMENT. Not a Failure has been Reported
Mr. R. B. Glover, Randall. Ark.,
and other kinds have been success- On the first instant the Morning writes: "Out of all the Hughes' Tonic I
CHAS. W. DACOSTA, Publisher
fully grown!, here, on LeConte roots, News made its debut under its new ------------- -- ---- ------- have sold since I have been selling it,
not failure has been reported. I recom-
and is likely, that many pears will be management as a six column eight THE FL.OUIDA DISPATCHIs mend a it-a certain, safe and speedy cure

grown here in this way. It is also page paper in a bran new dress a 24-page weekly,devoted to AGRICULTURE, for chills and fever."
Pr R. A. Robinson & Co.,
probable that these and other Oriental throughout. The News has met a and 1I0 Terms H-: INTERESTS of Subscription.Two FLORIDA. Wholesale Druggists, Louisville, Ky.

pears will be-the parents of a new race most flattering reception from the Dollars per year, in advance, postpaidto Sold at retail by Druggists. generally.

of pears especially suited to Florida. reading public of the State, the best -to any foreign part of countries the United comprised States or in Canada Postal Well H Tools.H

We have of evidence that it the Union, Two Dollars and Fifty cents.
now a race Extra-Tropical possible supplies
The date when the subscription expires is Two setts of Well Boring Tools
peaches ; why ,not of ExtraTropicalpears long felt want for a first-class Florida on the Address Label of each paper, the sale cheap. J. CRAWSHAW, Jr.Lawtey .
change of which to a subsequent date be- Fla.
? daily which should serve the public comes a receipt for remittance. No other receipt -
is sent unless requested.The .. .
-*-. --- .
weal rather than the ambition of any paper is stopped at expiration of the
A Valuable Fertilizer. subscription, unless previously renewed. Cotton Seed Hull Ashes.
individual or the of When a change of address is desired, both
purpose any
We would call special attention to the old and new addresses should be given. The best fertilizer you can buy. One
clique. No similar enterprise was Remittances ton of Cotton seed Hull Ashes containsmore

the advertisement of "Our Favorite started in the South with as" large at the risk of the sender unless made by potash and phosphoric acid than
Fertiliiers' which elsewhere ever registered letter or by check, express order, four and one-half tons of theaverage of
appears cash capital as the Florida Printingand or postal order, payable to CHAS W. DA- hard wood ashes, or fifteen tons leached
'' in this issue. We know these fertil- COSTA, Publisher of the Florida Diti>atcht
have invested
Publishing Company To Advertisers.The i ashes. Send for circular,giving analysisetc.

izers 'to be conscientiously prepared, in the News. It takes its position DISPATCH Is THE LEADING AGRICUL- I American Oil Company, 18 Broad-
; and therefore take pleasure in recommending at the outset as the leading dailyof large circulation In Florida and throughoutthe way .
the State. We echo the popularcry United States and foreign countries- ri -m mmm-m
a them. It will be observed wherever the interest is turned Southward.It .
live the News-the Orange Trees for Summer Planting.
long Morning
that the guaranteed analysis show as people's paper. IN THE SOUTH-especially for Real Es- Budded trees of choice varieties, three-
tate, Nurseries, Transportation lines, Banks,
large a proportion of ammonia, phosphoric -r. _- ,- Hotels, and those branches wherein It is desirable quarters to one and a half inches in diameter -
to reach winter visitors two-year-old buds also sour seedlings -
our or our ;
acid and potash as the best The Florida Orange Crop. rapidly Increasing permanent population. of all sizes, for sale cheap.A. .

high grade fertilizers in the market. The Riverside Press and Horticulturist H. MANVLLLE,
Advertising: Hates Jacksonville, Fla.
The fertilizer is made of humus the next Florida
pure says orange crop $1.00per inch first Insertion- cents per .
treated with lime, put under cattle un- will not exceed 600,000 boxes,. and inch for each subsequent insert\on. Waverly Stock Farm.
Preferred Positions, Next Reading or on Cover, :
til it is thoroughly saturated with the that the California crop will be much $1.40 per Inch first insertion; 70 cents per Cows and Heifers in Calf to Panic "
inch for each insertion. No. 9,420, American Jersey Cattle Club.
droppings. Cotton seed meal and sulphate larger than the Florida crop next 10 per cent.subsequent ofF on :3 months' contracts. Panic's g. g. dam, Eurotas, No. 2,454,

of potash, the best to be had in year. Chestnuts, Brother Holt, set it 30 20 "" U" on on 6 12 "" "" made 778 pounds of butter in one year.
Bomba, No. 10,330, was sired by the
the'market, are then added, and the up again, this "take" looks very muchas EVERY Advertisements respect. MUST be acceptable in Duke of Darlington, No. 2,460Panic'sgrandsire

whole thoroughly pulverized in a mill. though it has stood over from last THE FLORIDA DISPATCII is sent free to Her calf sold for $12,000.
those who advertise; in it, as long as adver-. Pedro, No. 3,187, sold for $10,000, is a.
It will be seen that the basis upon which year. According to the same author- tisement continues.Address son of Eurotas, No. 2,454-Panic's g. g. -

the fertilizer is built is in itself an excel- ity we were to have 600,000 boxes CHAS. W. DACOSTA, Publisher, SCIIRADER BUGS.
Jacksonville, Florida.Washington Tallahassee Leon Fla.
( lent fertilizer ; in addition to which, it last year which was to have been exceeded "-_ ._ -- ------ -. ---.-.-

has all the ingredients, in full propor- by California' crop. Our crop Navel Buds. I I The E. Moulie Florida Floral Per-

tion, that determine the value of com- has been something over a million anda I Can furnish the genuine Washington fumery Co. will buy the following Flowers -
Navel buds, QUaranteed true to name. delivered at 45 West Bay St.: -
mercial fertilizers. It is a home-made quarter boxes and California makesno Delivered in first-class condition at your Petals of Fragrant Roses of any kind,

article ; the process of its manufacture, report, which is quite as significant nearest post office or express.office, $20 at 15 cents per ID.
as the abandonment of the Riverside per M in thousand lots. As to my re- Petals of Cape Jasmines at 10 cents
as well as the ingredients used, are no citrus fair. We shall have a half liability refer to G. D. Clifford, G. H. per lb.Rose. *
Norton, D. H. Kline Eustis Fla. R. W. Geranium Leaves and
secret. The proprietor invites a com- of million and half boxes next ; Cuttings,
crop a a Pierce Indian Fla. lb.
Springs. 10 to 12 in. long at 4 cents per
parative test with the best in the mar- year. If California don't get another Address: Petals of Arabian Jessamine, 30 cent

ket. We advise the readers of the freeze she may push up to a million C. S. BURGESS, Manager, perpound.
boxes, but we doubt it. Where will Riverside Nurseries, Riverside, Cal. Write for Circular giving full dire -
DISPATCH it trial.
to give a thorough tions for gathering etc.Meteorological..
4 she be when we have a full crop ? A

What Variety Is It? full crop in Florida means three mill- Van Epps Howard, Eustis, Fla. I

ion boxes. Grove contractor and agent. Land .
Two orange.trees may be seen grow- 4 !
cleared, set with orange trees and taken ..
ing near the bank of the river at Man- Errata.In care of. Trees furnished. Taxes paid. .......... .

darin, which bear Navel oranges. The Mr. Westlake's interesting articleon Satisfaction. guaranteed. Terms moderate. a .Jaq'1JaA'g w w-g w w a: !-t<. .
largest tree is from twelve to fifteen irrigation, which appeared in our -K.H- -: awls e3n.Iaed Jo : -o 00r. -orr.; ,. .
issue of the 23d ultimo, instead of
inches in diameter, large and well pro- Telegraph Vegetable Markets. i
"From this run an iron pipe one-quar- .
portioned. It is the only one of the ter to one half inches in diameter," Special to the FLORIDA DISPATCH: -.x llPlwnu lrap( U"8aJ{ c.ot-ff5 c ih09 0N

size and age that survived the\ freeze read "one and a quarter to one anda OFFICE FLORIDA DISPATCH LINE, dQ.0 ----- -
NEW YORK, June 2, 1887.
of January, 1886. Last season it bore half," etc.; and instead of"perforatedwith Florida Cucumbers ,. .per crate 1 50@3 CO ..; .. 1aOIaA(: I QQOIOCI)-4 c.o -4
six Florida Squash, white .per crate .@i 00 od "S __ ____ rns.
one thousand oranges, and this year some or eight three-thirty-two- Florida Squash, yellow. . .@1 00 )
inch holes to the inch," read perforated Florida Tomatoes. . ..per crate 2 00@2 50 o: 3 'uoZaaalQ{ : r
has probably from one thousand to I I Florida Watermelons ... .each 50 rnrn\U_ rn rn be
to 9ot.
; / Florida Irish Potatoes,prime per bbl 5 00@6 00 'CS rW
fifteen hundred. Not far from it is -a .. small .. @3 50 u_ 00r.
Fla. Beans.. ...............per crate none sv 3 ..
j another of the same variety, not so J as.V ood Davidson, of Lake Florida Cabbage,prime new,per bbl none UINi3f? 'mp!=f

; Ii large, which bore last year fifteen hun- Worth, writes us : "I have a few imported J. D. HASHAGEN, m 0 g ll"8JUI'8.I pun sagaul: lrsa -m+':;sQ :
Bahia treesbroughtfrom Eastern Agent. :>. > "ce:
orange ..
dred and will have this sea- ------- ctJ
oranges, Bahia via New York, two years Special Dispatch to the FLORIDA DISP vrcn. a w .. .

son from one thousand to two thou ago-and.these bloomed their second NEW YORK, June 3, t&d7. .c..o. ... I .6llgQ uuaJ'i I ttttttta ,..atlt-o: t-oo- g...,.."s:j .,

sand. These trees bear oranges which time last February, and set more fruit i The receipts of Florida produce con- .... z ... --"- c Q
t I tinue light and all selling favorably except 8 mnwluu m lob t Z .:
usually have a distinct Navel mark, than I want them to carry, the trees 00 I.GCo
cucumbers, prices have declined and :-t -- tWWIX'8J'i
though it is often quite small, and being small yet. selling SI to $2.50 but think these bot- I ;;;; .2Q
4 tom prices; tomatoes firm, at $2 to .
sometimes invisible on the outside. The Fruit and Vegetable Growers' $2.50; potatoes, $5 to $5.50; eggplant (; ,

Usually seedless, one or two seeds in Protective Association, hold their An- wanted; squash, $1. 0' .Ja'1aWOJ"8g ; S'" w
G. S. PALMER. 0 6lgQ( U'BaJ'i hi !l 31O
an orange being occasionally found ; nual meeting in Bartow on the 14th I

quality said to be the very best. inst. State papers please copy. Special Dispatch to the FLORIDA DISPATCH: :.. ... ..... ...i... ..... @O@Os. a
2 1887.
\ .- J t2
The trees were budded ten to Fla. Irish Potatoes, per bbl . 6 00 6 50 CD iJ ; l :i iCD
& Zammit Commission -
Mecheca\ .
years ago upon sour orange stocks. Fla. Squash per crate. . .. 7100 =-4 ; ..
of New Orleans write Fla. Egg Plant per bbl . . 30035o E (w of .... is !.I,
which buds
The from the us
source were : "0
Fla.Tomatoes per crate. 1 ,. 2 2) < Wcd! ..a.d lit
procured is unknown. The trees bear "Our crop of oranges look very bright Fla. Cucumbers, per crate .. . .. 2 5C 3 50 Q "d-j S ;. "S"Scf' ibe 0
Fla. Cabbages, per bbl.....H,... ... 2 OC 2 25 c
good crops annually. and we will have a two-thirds crop. J. M. CLEMENT, Agent. &3 3H


.. ...."




1 -

.484, THE? FLORIDA DISPATCH. [JuNE6,1887.. '

trees and plants and beyond, but I tein, fats, carbohydrates and mineral l case, receives its whole year's supply
FeirtiliZeirs. deem the conditions very similar. For matters for animal forms ; the ammo of fertilizer at one or two applications.I .

...,.. '.. full and complete development the nia, phosphoric acid and potash especi- believe that a reform is needed in t _.
youth must come in contact with the ally for plant growth, the other necessary this regard. Feed the trees often,but
For the'PIX>BIDA'DISPATCH. outside world and must measure and mineral elements usually being in no more at a time than can be used
'FAt' oTs ABOUT. FERTILIZING.Common develop his strength of mind and char- the soil in quantities sufficient for the by them for healthy, substantial

a -. acter by conflict with hitherto unknown plant ; if not, they also must be sup- growth. Steady, continuous progress
Sense Methods of Appli- obstacles. Thus does he acquire plied or the plant will not flourish. wins in every department of life.
cation. knowledge and strength un- All things, even ideas and thoughts, SHERMAN ADAMS
Fertilizers should- f' be? applied over attainable at home, however highly live, develop, and produce fruit after Gabriella, Fla,, May. .24.,1884 .
he there be fertilized. His ideasare their kind when with
the roots that, contribute} the most to may only supplied For the FLORIDA DISPATCH.
too closely matted together and of nutri-
requisite quantities
and with the endeavor to necessary Most Available Plant Foods.
plant,growth resist all outside influences, as do the tive material at the right place and
i increase the space occupied by the rootlets of the tree the genial, vigor-- time. If a teacher were to place a Potash, phosphoric acid, lime, or
plants, roots, rootlets and feeders. To ative, penetrative influences of neces- large assortment of educational workson other elements necessary to plant

accomplish this, .the nutrients-fertil-, sary moisture. The home roof, like the young trees and bushes in a growth are much more valuable if de-
the leaves and branches of the their rived from animal or vegetable forms
izers should be,applied in a circular, trees, field and explain teachings by
keeps off the rains and dews that fall the hour to the trees and bushes it than when secured from mineral
and steadily widening belt, about the from the heavens, as well as the vivi- would be but a waste of breath ; the sources. Thus vegetable or animal
tree or plant. The aim should be to fying sunshine. Away from, outsideof nutriment, valuable as it might be toa potash, lime, phosphoric acid, etc., is a G
draw out the,;roots from the tree.. The this shelter, and the beneficent effects young man, is of no value to a tree. much more valuable aid to plant
inner two-thirds of the circle shaded of all are felt, experienced. The Thus with fertilizers for a plant ; they growth than their chemical equiva-
young man picks up many atoms and must contain the elements of nutrition lents secured from the rocks, where .
by the tree should receive no fertilizer,
molecules of the knowledge of the that the plant needs. If these same they have been stored by nature.
it being all applied to the outer third world ; the rootlet of the tree, or plant, educational works be piled in a close They appear to be not only more read
of the. space 'shaded'and to a circle of coaxed out further and further by the circle around the young man, one atopof ily soluble, but also to have a greater
equal width,beyond the outer limbs of distribution of fertilizer in a steadily the other, they would be of no ben- affinity for living forms. They adapt
the tree or plant. It is useless, waste- widening circle, finds many additional efit to him ; they would simply impede: themselves more readily to the requirements -
elements of plant growth in the soil his movements and eventually prove of living structures. Theyare
ful and at times to
injurious apply
with which it comes in contact as it injurious to him. Thus it is in the more easily digested, as it were,
;:fertilizers near the trunk or main stem, pushes out into its world, the surrounding case of fertilizers piled around the by the tree or plant. Therefore it is
as the feeding roots should be induced field. It becomes more vigorous, trunks of the trees. But give the student an evident fact that the constituentsof

'to multiply under and beyond the more self-reliant ; it secures greater freedom to move around and supply tree and plant growth derived from
ou.t limbs or branches.If growth and transmits to its ruling him with book after book, according vegetable and animal sources ire of
centre treasures of potential energy to his capacity to absorb, digest much greater value pound for pound
the'growing roots are fertilized, and material acquisition that are then and transform the ideas contained into than when secured from mineral

the other parts of the field are of no transformed into stalk, branch, leaf, his own mental structure, assisting the sources, though possessing, as far as
account as far.as the trees or growingcrop fruit and seed for the perpetuation of process by the hoe and harrow of ju can be shown by chemical analysis,
is concerned. The circle of grow its species and the wealth and( enjoy- dicious teaching, and the student grows exactly the same chemical equivalents.Do .
roots should be ment of man. in mental stature. Thus with the they contain a living force, an arrangement -
ing as rapidlyas
The lesson I would impress is, that plant ; put the appropriate fertilizer of their constituent atoms
possible by extending the circle of the rootlets of a tree, like the mind ofa under and just beyond its outer not to be found in forms entombed in

. thorough fertilizing. The greater the youth, must be steadily drawn out branches, where its feeding rootletscan the rocks? S. A.
circle, the extent of vigorous, growing from the home centre into a widening appropriate it, and the plant develops --.-.*
roots sending in to the centre the circle by abundant nutrition, judiciously a rapid, symmetrical l and legit- Cotton Seed-
applied as to give abundant imate growth, the surface being frequently -!
nutrition they have secured outside, Sea Island vs. Short Staple.
strength at each step of the outward stirred to facilitate the pro-
the more sure and rapid the growth of progress and excite the ambition for cess of absorption. Like the student, The meal made from sea island

tree or plant, the better it will resist I more extended forays by the attrac- it will continue to reach out and out, seed is of a dark color, and hence it
adverse influences. The common prac- tion of something new and desirable farther and farther for fresh fields to is known upon the market as "dark
tice of putting the fertilizer under the I just another step further out, and :, to conquer, and will become a thing cotton seed meal." The seed is ground
thus on and on until the desired extent -I of beauty and utility. without first having been hulled.
tree should be abandoned and fertilizing
of growth is reached.As Cultivated plants, like men, are "The oil is extracted by powerful hy--
the outer circle of growth be a teacher is usually requisite to either too closely coddled, or else are drarlic presses, the cake thoroughly!
adopted. The rootlets are matted to- direct and encourage the efforts of partially starved by lack of a full sup dried and ground into meal by milfs
gether under the tree as a result of the youth in the acquisition of knowledgeand ply of proper nutrition, and lack of of the most approved pattern. Aftera
ordinary mode of fertilizing and keep mental and moral strength and encouragement to reach out into the process of bolting, by which parti-
the ground: dry, whereas it should be development, thus is a farmer requisite world about them to strengthen their cles of lint and coarse hull are removed -
moist. The. person who has never to direct and stimulate plant or powers by earnest effort and experience. the meal is sacked in new
been out of sight of the paternal chimney tree growth. The more intelligent and Both modes are wrong, as is lOOlb bags for shipment. All who
who has been tied to the fireside, judiciously practical the teacher, or evidenced by the many imperfect spe- have seen the Sea Island, or long
as.it. were, by the apron strings of the farmer, the greater the success attendant cimens in both human and plant life. staple cotton-seed are aware that it
home life, who has never journeyed on upon his effi>rts. In the case Cramped development and deficient has a thin, smooth, black hull, very
arailroad, or a steamboat, whose quiet of the student, or of the plant, nutrient nutrition are the rule in both the ani- unlike the thick, fuzzy hull of the up-
child like ideas have never been dis- material must be supplied. The student mal and the vegetable world. Is it land, or the short staple, cottonseed.This .
turbed by:the.rebuffs incident to con must have the ideas, the thoughts, not high time to earnestly seek the hull of the Sea Island seed can. L
tact with the diverse conditions of the of others that he may absorb, digest better way-the way of full development not well be separated from the ker-
-outside world, is poorly qualified for and transform them into his own men ? nel and forms but a small percentage .
the rough ordeal of a struggle for existence tal substance, or structure ; the plant Again, plants are fed too infrequently. of the weight, it is ground with the 3 !
i whereas, the person who has must also be supplied with nutritive Success is secured only by steady, meal, and as it contains considerable ,
traveled, who has had his powers tried material that has formed part of other persistent eff)rt. The student who potash, in no way detracts''from' its
by: contact with others, who has been forms of existence that it may absorb, studies hard to-day, but doesno more value as a fertilizer." In fertilizing
compelled to be self-reliant, to force digest, assimilate and transform into I I for months,will never be distinguished powers it is now well understood to be
hit own way,to choose certain positionsand its own structure, and, as in the case' as a learned man. The calf that hasa superior to meal of the short staple
courses of action, becomes by virtue of the student, the nutrition must be stack of hay and a bag of meal, suf variety, and the seed yields 'as muchor
of these trials and struggles, either put within its reach, and it must, like ficient nutrition for,months, placed in more oil than that of the tatter,
self reliant and successful or a failure. the student, be encouraged to reach its yard will never be noted for rapid, bushel for bushel.
In.either'case, he has enlarged knowledge out farther and farther. Then, too, continued growth or fatness, neither Since the introduction of dark cot-
of men and things and if he has it must be supplied with nutrition will the tree whose whole year's nutri- ton-seed meal upon the Florida marketas
sufficient native stamina,vigor, energy, suitable to its age and development. tion (fertilizer) is given it at once. As a fertilizer, several years ago, i it has
enthusiasm, he makes his impress upon At first the nutrient must he easy of the calf would be likely to gorge itself rapidly grown in popularity and its
the world about him, the society in digestion. Milk for babes. Readily upon the meal, and _interfere with its sale has steadily increased. To analysis -
which his lot is cast. All this may transformable food for youth, but yet natural process of digestion and assimilation it shows up as follows :
appear to have no relation to fertiliz- containing all the requisite: chemical thus is it, in opinion, Ammonia ..... ......... ....... ...7 percent
.. .
Phosphate ..... .. .... .. %per cent
ing on the outer edge of the shade of elements in due proportions. The pro- with the tree that, as is so often the Potash> ........._. .......__..........\%per cent







------ ------ ---
1 -
Th up it was"thinned out to two stalks in the soil. When the dew dries off in has all the buildings and machinery
Fmn. the hill. After this, the corn receivedthe hs; morning, I pull the vines up by necessary for the perfect handling and
common, ordinary cultivation the roots und let them just wilt. Di- curing of his crops-such as mowers,

Corn in Florida. given to corn in this country, except rectly they show some mark of wilting tedders, rakes, hay loaders, etc. His
r that it was cultivated with sweeps and I[ take the roots by the handfull and loader has a capacity of a ton every "
,Few people not upin Florida matters was plowed rather shallow. The other throw; the vines between the rails, five minutes. His barn, which, by
are willing to believe that this half acre was cultivated in the same taking care to alternate the roots from the way, was built from timber cutup
State produces annually a corn way, except that the land was laid off one side to the other, and this continuea n the place, is 167x63J feet and 37i
crop in rows three feet apart. About the kind of rick which 1 let remain in feet in height, and has a capacity of
in value the entire
exceeding orange time the corn was shooting to tassel, the field until perfectly cured. Some 350 tons of loose hay. In the barn is
production of the State, yet such is there was a severe'drouth that contin- day when the atmosphere is damp, found all the necessary machinery for

the fact. A still smaller number of ued for five weeks, which did not seem .but not rainy, I take out one rail and bailing and marketing any sized crop.
the uninitiated would admit that the to affect the corn in the least. Some put the vines in the wagon, each rick A tram railway will be constructedfrom
amount of corn that can be time in September the corn was gath- can be hauled at one time, so the .he barn to the railway, and Mr.
grown per ered from the two different lots and leaves remain between the vines and Davids will place his'own box cars
acre in this State with'good farmingwill weighed. The result of the first half are not lost. Then put the vines upon its track.

compare favorably with the yield acre was seventy-five bushels shelledcorn loosely in the barn or loft. In this Johnson grass is undoubtedly the
obtained in the corn States of the weighing sixty pounds to the way the leaves remain in the vines best hay and pasture grass that can be
West. Yet we have seen an averageof bushel. The second half acre yielded and the cattle like them better than raised in this section. It grows about
forty' bushels acre gatheredfrom fifty-five bushels, making the total of without Do not let the peas ripen in three feet high and every inch of it is
per the whole acre, one hundred and thirty the pod, as in that case the hay will digestible, there being absolutely no
1 a large field of cow penned pine bushels. not pay for the impoverishment of the woody fibre, ana as a hay and pasture
land in Polk county under the ordi- soil, and the vines being to.> woody, grass it has been proven by analysis to
nary system of "Cracker" farming.In Pea Vine Hay. the cattle will not eat them willingly." be 20 per cent. better than the best

Yolusia county a two hundred acre "The "clay" pea is regarded as :he A correspondent of the Southern timothy. After a stand has been secured -
field yielded last year without fertilizer beat for making vines and thereforefor Live Stock Journal who\ has had an it will last several years before
making the largest amount of hay, experience of fifty years, pursues the renewal, raising three or four crops a
bushels of
twenty corn and
per It is seeded in the" fall
when well cured, pea vines make an following method : year. or
it was old land at that ; the same field unsurpassed feed for milk cows, and I selected the best time, when the spring, and in this climate is harvested

has been planted in corn this year and mixed with corn forage half and half, pea pod was two or three inches long nearly the year round. Mr. Davids
promises an even better yield, althoughno makes also the finest possible ensilagefor and the pea fully formed, .believing feels much encouraged by the results
fertilizers have been used. We do cows. They should not be sown the stems, leaves, all had nutriment, he has secured, and should be con-
before the first of June. On rich land and like young grass, most nutritive, gratulated upon the establishment of
not claim that Florida soil climateis
or sow broadcast at the rate of one and a though not making most in weight of what promises to be one of our greatest -
equal to that of Illinois or Ohio for half bushels per acre and plow in as hay. I cut as soon as the dew was off farming industries.-Floridian.
raising corn, but we do maintain that you would small grain. On poor land in the morn, raked into rows or into >-*-<
taking into consideration the greater sow in drills three feet apart and cultivate cocks before dusk, often hauling into "Nut Grass.

value of the product in this State it a little. Cut when the first pods pens same day-rail pens, making a Of this old and troublesome enemy
is profitable here in the formed are nearly grown. As they floor say six inches above earth_ then of the farmer and gardener in this
crop as become very much tangled, it is diffi- build up pen three feet high, fill with
and other Southern States Professor
above States. We republish the fol cult to cut them with a mower, and it pea vine, not pressed, then a few rails ,
lowingaccount of in is done with floor build fill andso John W. Glenn, of the University of
an experiment usually a scythe. Theyare as ; again up pen, ,
corn culture in Florida made by ex- difficult to cure ; that is the greatest on until as high as vines can be Tennessee, Knoxville, says : "It is not
thrown in from with properly a grass, but a cyperus of the
Governor Drew that drawback to them. The vines.willnot wagon ; cover
clearly showing
bear much exposure to the sun plank, best ; giving twelve to eighteenInch cyperace, or sedge family. The coco-
Florida I soil and Florida climate are after they are cut'; the curing must eaves and a fall of three to five grass is cyperus rotundus, or a varietyof
both favorable to the production of be done mainly in the shade. Theycan inches, enough to carry water off it called cyperus hydra, and it is a
large crops of corn per acre when fertilized be put in small cocks, and these quickly.I great pest in Southern gardens. Indeed -
' as would be done to obtain sim- doubled after they are partially cured, had my barn over cow house floored it is almost impossible to destroyit
with three inch laths inch when it once has possession of a gar-
and the doubling repeated again, andso one
ilar results in other States. When by
den The rizomes in soft
on, but this can be done only in space two feet eaves ; sides and: ends spot. ground
the intensive system, one hundred and good weather. They do not shed rain enclosed as floor, so air would circu spread in every direction and extend
fifty bushels per acre can be raised, well. They are usually cured under late. The pea vine hauled in daily down some distance below the surface,
which is the best shelter in and at end-house feet forming tubers sometimes almost as
policy, to buy or pens made with slatted begin one fifty
raise our corn ? floors, one above the other, to admit by twenty.A numerous as ground peas just under
the vine. Any of these tubers, may
free circulation of air. 4
"The land was common pine land form new plants. The growth is somewhat -
near the Withlacoochee river, in Madison We take the foregoing from the Representative Hay Farm. similar to that of the chufa, an-
county, and had been in cultiva- Southern Cultivator. A. Pitchard, of "The proof of pudding is in the other species closely related and culti-
tion about six years. The land has Orange county, gives the following eating" always, and the productive vated as an esculent. But the coco
clay subsoil about twelve inches below method capacity of the lands surrounding Tal- spreads the nuts further and sends
of curing vines in the
the surface, and was in ordinary con- pea lahassee has never been better demon- them deeper. Cypherus phymatodes
dition. Agriculturist : strated than by the work of Mr. JohnB. closely resembles cypherus hydra ; the
"About the first of January, 1878, I think that generally the farmerslet Davids, who called at this office two can hardly be distinguished at
the land was broken up by a heavytwo them grow too long, and they cost during the week and left us a coupleof some seasons of the year. Their habits -
, horse plow, about ten inches. This more than they are really worth for specimen bunches of the famous are alike, and they are alike trou-
plow ,was followed by a subsoil plow, feed or for fertilizer. All the leguminous "Johnson grass" which he is producing blesome to Southern gardeners. One
run }in the same furrow,as deep as one are great feeders on the soil, if Mr. Davids came to Leon countya of them prefers a more sandy soil than
it mule could pull it. These two plow- you let them mature their crops, but few years ago from New York State, the other. Scores of methods for erad-
yI ings,broke up the/ground thoroughly, until the time they begin to make and purchased a farm four miles west icating them have been suggested, but
fifteen inches in depth. On or about pods they feed only on the atmosphere.I of Tallahassee for the purpose of establishing none have proved effective, so far as I
the first of February one hundred made pea vine hay some years ago a hay farm. He spent a know, except repeated plowing and
bushels of cotton seed, and an equal in Jefferson county, Florida, and hereis large amount of work in clearing and harrowing until all the tubers are removed -
quantity of. stable manure, composted, the plan I employed with good result preparing the land for cultivation, from the soil and burned or destroyed -
was spread upon the land. These : I planted in drills four feet and he is now reaping the fruit of his in some way. The work can
manure were plowed in about six, .apart, putting four peas in the hill, labor. He has at present one hundred be much facilitated by breaking the
inches in depth. On the first of about eighteen inches in the drill. I and one acres in Johnson grass, whichhe land in the fall, a'jd removing all the
March the land was laid off as follows: planted them as I would have done will commence to cut about May roots that appear on the surface and
One half an acre was laid off in two corn, and when the vines began havea 15th, and will have 75 acres cut by leaving others exposed to the frosts.
and three feet rows alternately ; about few very young pods I proceeded to June 1st, and finished by July 15th, The plowing may be repeated with ad-
seventy-five bushels of cotton seed make hay. I put two rails upright in with the first cutting. This grass vantage during the winter. In this
were placed in the drill, and a light the ground about eighteen inches springs from its own roots, and Mr. way the evil may be greatly reducedthe
furrow turned on it. The corn was apart, and on the ground between the Davids will harvest it three or four first winter,and possibly, with con
then planted in.the drill about twelve rails I put some pieces of wood and times a year, and net a crop of not less stant watchfulness, eradicated the sec
inches apart. After the corn came brush so that the vines do not touch than 300 tons of excellent hay. He ond." *






ploridiana. The Florida Southern has spent a that no other part of this great country tourists for a change, have taken advantage

, vast amount of money in improving has been so much abused as Florida. of the low rates to take a lookat

-'- : ::: : : :: :;: the terminus at Trabue, and have a Some can give Florida a severe writ- that State, and are attending to

For the FLORIDA DISPATCH: fine hotel with 134 sleeping rooms, ing up before they have been in the business right up to the mark in being,

/MANATEE COUNTY. gas lights, and steam power for cook- State a week, others will make a single "more interested in corner lots than in

Its Past, Present- and Future. ing and heating purposes. All is trial and failure and forthwith fruit raising." ,

Looking back for few quiet there now except an occasional begin to talk about the poverty of WHAT THEY SAY OF THEMSELVES.
only a years : "
mosquito. Isaac Trabue for "Florida land.
and Manatee had but A Californian thus
towns and expresseshimself -
I whom the place named lives in I well
was a remember my first year at
post offices and but little in the Detroit Free Press
transportation :
house that would
probably ten farming in New England-how hardI
but few only by ox teams. There were dollars. worked, and sunk three hundred "Los Angeles] I" "a mushroom city
orange groves and large areas There set down in a desert. It has simoons
of this are many towns springing up dollars, to more than make it up the ,
county were,entirely uninhabited. to be the southern dust storms and smoke wirds it is
No railroads terminus of the second year. Suppose I had not tried ; a
: Cattle were even thoughtof. railroads-Trabue, Grove City on the to do anything the second year but morass of mud in the rainy season and *
was king and the only Gulf, Naples and Macedonia.\ Trabue croak about the poverty of rocky Connecticut a Sahara of drought in the dry. It

enterprise engaged'in except merchandising and Macedonia City have thirteen feet soil ? Of course I would have. has malaria and typhoid and smallpoxand

at the all same time money was of water, Naples has water but no har been at once counted a failure, and mosquitoes and fleas. Oranges ?

plentiful raised had as the beef cattle that were bor and Grove City has neither water nobody would have had a meaner Yes, they do raise a sour fruit that
a ready sale at good prices. harbor.A they call It would
This or opinion of the soil because of my ills oranges. puzzleyou
In industry is now cut! off greatly. railroad to terminate in Charlotte ccess. Many new ,settlers make a to tell 'em from lemons, I reckon,
the first place there is a great falling Harbor, at Boga Grande, would have feeble trial Florida gardening. One and the frost bites 'em half the time.
off in the range, and also in the feet of They must irrigate and that spites the
demand twenty-two water and a fine Iqses much of his crop from lack of a
as there are now thousandsof harbor for anchorage. There is no good fence against cattle and hogs ; flavor, and what with water rights an'

There cattle raised on the Island of Cuba. I doubt of a road being built to Boga another only plants enough for the high labor and resky crops their thou- J
during the with *
war the
Spain Granda and out through the lake rabbits ; a third tries to garden without sand-an-acre land don't pan out

machinery of many coffee and sugar region of Manatee\ county ; beautiful fertilizer ; a fourth plants out of astonish. They brag of their scenery

estates was destroyed, and afterwardthe high hills and the water of the lakesis season ; a fifth on moist land makes no down there ; why, they don't know

them owners not being able to build as clear as crystal. The lands] ar effort at draining ; a sixth is too cone what scenery is. If big bald mountains

up, stocked them with cattle poor, but they will grow fine orange eited: to ask advice of a neighbor and hills and valleys as brown and

Florida bought from and the stockmen of South trees, being well drained-and no hard[ a seventh is always a failure in any dry as a prairie after a fire, heaps of

their now they raise mostly State, for he never reads an agricultural stun and dry rivers make fine scenery,
own beef and the beef market pan.Though I
Manatee why they've got it. I tell this
will be county has acres paper has no progressive ideas of you
never it again to South Florida of poor land, there are also good landsthat farming and is to slack and careless to Southern Californy boom is the biggest -
what\ was a few years ago. kind of bubble. It's
will produce vegetables, farm suc.'eed:: with the commonest crops. a going to
The from freeze of 1886, discouragedmany products and the citrus family, and as All these and others who are more burst soon and you'll see sicker folks

raising vegetables and consequently to guavas they grow spontaneously. fond of croaking than working, are thantbeir Eastern invalids down
has been "
Bird skins money, plumes and scarce. Many\ persons are now planting the.. ready to<; advise every new comer that there.

hides, and teeth, have about alligator pear, Japan persimmon, grapes, rasp "Florida is no place for a poor man." FLORIDA SEEDLINGS VS. RIVERSIDE

amount realized from the equaledthe berry, gooseberry, etc. They are "The soil is too poor and thirsty," or NAVELS.
sale of
cattle but growing finely, when they will fruitis "too sand soaked and sour for cultivation Indian River
they are getting scarce and of oranges were quotedin
a question time. As to .
this season there has been nearly as grapes, New York, April 29th, same as
they grow and fruit well, though but t From the Georgia line to Manatee
hunters Navels
many as birds though at advanced Washington Riverside
prices from the There few persons plant them, when any county, I have yet to meet with any California. W.

is now a bill before the past. family might have plenty for theirown farmer or gardener, be he Northern or .
the to use with but slight cost and little Southern man, who after patiently and Succession of Wild Fruits.
prevent killing of birds and all
the time spent by that thoroughly testing the soil of Florida, First comes the blackberry, which
passing that bill, is time august lost body Manatee\ has millions of timber, renders severe and adverse criticism ripens in March, and lasts until June.
as no
law can prevent them from pitch, yellow and spruce pines, cypress, of the same. Says one : "I am astonished There are two varieties, high bush and

killed and bought The being live and water oak, elm, bay, willow, that our poorest pine lands are a low running variety. The latter variety
had better consume that time in maple, hickory and cabbage palmetto so responsive when a little fertilizer i is the fields at Orange Park are
sing Railroad Commission Bill pas anda logs to build all the wharves in the useJ.) Says another : "My first peckof covered with in their season. We will

Department of Emigration Cali United States. Enterprise and capital Irish potatoes planted, yielded noth say no cultivated Lawtons at the
are badly needed and, our citizensshould ing, the next I three bushelsfrom
fornia has done. year got North can excell them in size or qual .
get out of the old ruts and i improve a peck of seed the
The amount''of Granges raised is in sameground. ity, and we can buy them at four too
creasing the breeds of cattle and sheep ." He first learned how not t eight cents a quart of the colored
largely peo-
every year ; a falling and kill all the razor backs and do next how to do it.
off in prices is predicted. The procure Happy is he ple. Next comes the whortleberry,
be areawhere an entirely new breed of hogs. who studies the cause of his failures. both high and low bush varieties.
can )
grown is small, and if we successfully had a tariffon Manatee\ county has the climate and If you were in any other State, youwould The woods are full of them. They
no county in the State has better be ashamed to advertise
imported oranges, prices would not your ripen in May and last some six weeks,
fall off. Oranges, withthose that raise blunders and ill success, much less to being large, thin skined and the mist
F. C. M.\ BOGGESS. reflect on the locality lived i in.
'them you perfect fruit of this variety found in
are not raised
as a luxury butas t
Ogden City, Manatee county, May .
25,18S7.For not show little
Why a commendablesense
any other crop.Emigration --..--- the United States. In June, July
has not been as large the FLORIDA DISPATCH: in Florida and make sure that and August the different varieties of

as' was anticipated when the railroadwas j SUCCESS AND FAILURE. you are not a worse failure than the wild plums ripen, and are also most

completed to Charlotte Harbor "Florida land" you are so fond of abundant all through the woods. For

though running through a good section Hasty Judgment of Florida Soil. calling the soil ? Florida is fast filling sweet pickles, preserves and jellies
up with people hard sense and hardmuscles they much after. Florida
are sought
many towns have sprung up along :Though born and bred in New (.
Eng- of the fault finders find
the railroad. The many l is the home of the grape, as attested by
names are too nu land, I have lived in several of the
their out of the State and
way again, the abundance of these vines in
merous mention
; some succumbed Southern States also in
middle l
the sensible and industrious remain to
full all lands.
bearing These
over our
whilst others have ,
rapid west, and northwest portions of the J
bless themselves and others with their
strides in building The as well as the wild plums, are used by
high American Union in
up. a number of the
intelligent of
ways doing things. all classes
prices that have been demanded for territories and several of the British ; some varieties lasting into
lots has retarded the growth of all oft provinces. For I have been October. Then come the persim

t them. Good lauds in good locations tiller of the soil, farmer years vegetable a Midland, Polk County. ,.Florida. mons, which, when fully ripe, mature

have not) been held too high, but the dener and fruit grower. I have triedalmost gar For the FLORIDA DISPATCH: so in this clime that they are large '

actual settlement has been slow, most conceivable California and Florida. and delicious, also very abundant,
of the lands bought have been for every crop on a lasting until December. Nature gives
great variety of soils and with about While
speculation. we are eating peaches and us all the above in abundance. Then

Our railroad has,, acted all sorts of fertilizers. This is my watermelons here in "our own fair we can have figs, peaches and all other
principal of upon the fourth season in Florida, I have kept Florida," it makes one shiver to read fruits in their seasons-Exchange. .
killing the goose that my eyes and ears since I in the California
laid the open cameto papers> of ice half an ..
golden egg. They had thousands j- this peninsula of fruits and flowers inch thick in that State May 12th. The first Peen-to peaches from _

of acres the of land for sale but and balmy pines, I am as yet but a The Californians evidently find it Evanston this season were sent to '
cents kept up mile. for travel at five learner with no experience that I wishto necessary to work their little boom for Charleston, S. C., and sold for $20

a speak about at this time. I think all it is worth while some of Florida's per busheL ',.

., n:!'


.f .. ....-. '.".- '. ., ;. ". .. "




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w"""";.".'', .
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"JUNE 6, 1887.' THE FLORIDA DISPATCH. 487jState

.f .

I The steamer Safford brought 1,900 The Orange Crop. Rat and Mouse-Proof Seed Bags.I .

Items, crates of vegetables the other day to And still many papers of the State have often had choice seeds destroyed -

i .. Cedar Key. The train was detainedtwo mice in while
keep before the public that the orange by many cases
., Our hours transferring express freights.Mr. spread out on a piece of paper to dry.I .
Condensed From, Exchanges. trees did not bloom and consequentlythere
J. W. Callahan, of Green Cove thought, however, of a successfulway
Tomatoes at Micanopy that weigh a will be no fruit this season. If
Springs, has 5,000 Kelsey Japan to beat the mice. I used piecesof
pound apiece. plum trees coming into bearing. He the readers of these would be-newsy wire netting, cut of by the manu-

Forty pound watermelons in the has some forty acres altogether in sheets embrace none other than residents facturers of window screens, and made

market at Palatka. fruits. of Florida, no harm will done bags, by folding the edges and ham-

} a A new railroad is to run from Plant The Beatrice peaches were the firstto but to spread broadcast ambiguous i mering the I inch-wide seam down

City to Manatee. ripen in this locality this season, statements about the failure of the firmly. No sewing is needed. Seedscan
is a thing to be regretted.We be put in these bags while yet
Pine-apples sell at a dollar per doz- and now the Peen-tos are ripe with orange crop
en at Key West. the Honeys just a day or two behind. admit that in certain sections moist, if too many are not bunched to-

Peen.tos dollars -Green Cove Spring.Mr. groves bearing heavily last year are gether, as they will dry aswell as onpaper.
May brought eight lightly loaded this season, that certain .- Correspondent, Prairie Far-
per bushel in Northern markets. B. Austlid bedded: three thou-
varieties of trees are bearing this year mer.
The Leader says that two car loads sand eight' hundred nursery trees recently and contained lttst season .-.-
of vegetables are shipped from Kissiin- for Mr.\ J. H. Baron, of Orange but if no oranges would In large sections of the country physi-
City and what was rather unusual news gleaners stop, cians find most of their work in fighting
n. ,
mee daily.
consider and the sixof'oneandhalf
apply -
Malaria, because nearly every disorderof
bud lived and is .
I The oat crop of Madison county every growing.At i dozen-of the-other principle to the system has its beginning in the
.,. this season is said to be the best for Bay Ridge, Orange county, corn their items before publishing, they presence of this subtle poison in the
be s en growing on pine land the blood. Dr. Shallenberger's Pills never
may would to the truth. For
many years. come nearer
fail to eradicate every vestige of it, and
The water in Lake Tohopekaliga is stalks of which are from five to seven years with the budding of the peachtree never do harm. Use them and save time,

said to be more than seven feet belowits inches in circumference, and twelve to the hue and cry has.been that much suffering and a doctor's bill.FLORIDA .
fifteen feet high and still growing.It .
the failure for
normal level. peach crop was a ; years
is stated on good authority that wheat, corn and oats have been fail-
Six hundred bales of cotton, valued work on the deep water extension will ures, and yet whenever these cries 800,000 ACRES
at $39,000, were shipped from Waldo commenced in few and that
be a days have been long ,md' loudest the crops ,
during the past season. the work will be pursued as rapidly as have been the more enormous. The

An apple tree near Starke has uponit possible towards completion.-Tampa trouble is that some growers judge the LANDSSituated
over one hundred of the prettiest Tribune. thousands of acres of groves abund-

apples ever seen in Florida.A Onions of the Italian Tripoli variety antly set with fruit, throughout the
new seedling of the Honey peach have been grown at Evinston, this State, by their own comparatively insignificant Columbia in, SuwaneeAlachua the Counties of,Nassau.Lafayette Duvall Marion -
has been which is said five Hernando, Sumter, Vofusla' ....
originated, to year, eighteen inches in circumference or ten acregroves, Orange andMonroe.
be a week earlier than the Honey.A : and weighing one and three fourths which by some lack in culture or freakof Brevard., Polk, HJllsborough, Manatee

superior article of pipe clay has pounds each. A half acre of land nature concluded to take a rest. Of
been found at'Macon, Hernando coun- yielded two hundred bushels. course it would be preposterous for us TOWN LOTSIn

ty, at the depth of thirty-two feet. An enterprise- is on foot to start a to say that the orange crop will be the the Towns of Kissimmee,Winter Haven,
largest ever known, but taking all Gordonville, Bartow,Auburndale, Lakeland,
It is estimated that the railroadsin mammoth nursery of olives near the Seffner, Mango, Orient, Eagle Lake, Haskell,
Volusia county have killed $10- proposed settlement of Naples, in things in consideration-that misery Kathleen, Richland. Bade City, Owensboroand

000 worth of cattle in the last year. Monroe county. The culture of the likes company, and that many groves Map Pemberton.A and Descriptive Notes showing the
olive in Eastern countries is a profit- will bear this year for the first ti.me- location of these lands will be furnished on
The oat in Leon will application to the Land Department of the
crop county we are satisfied that the of oranges -
able one, and there is no reason whyit crop South Florida Railroad Company.
be the largest raised and will be
ever be in the coming season will not beas
a great
much earlier than usual GEO. Fox
gathered Florida. much of a failure as some pessimists ,

year.There Col.! G. W. Scott, of Atlanta, and would have us believe.-Enterprise Chief Clerk,
single Peen-to peach trees Herald. SANFORD, FLA.
near Orange City which have clingingto Mr. Singleton, of Alabama, returned a _________ ___ u______ _._____ --------- -----
few since from the phosphatebeds
the limbs from three to five bushelsof
fruit. Wakulla.. The Colonel is an OuRFAVORITE" FERTILIZERS.,
old phosphate manufacturer and he
Colonel Vason, of Tallahassee, sold' says that there is no doubt about the YEUETABLES.
b one of his Jersey calves last week for excellency of the quality of the Wa- FOR BOTH ORANGE TREES AND

.one hundred dollars before it was a kulla phosphates.

day old. The heaviest wood known among ADAPTED TO SANDY SOILS I IL
4 Thirty bushels of corn per acre is the four hundrt d species of trees foundin SPECIALLY .

reported from Geneva, the United States is said to be the but Matter.
without Supplying Not Only Plant Food), Organic
on high hammock land an black ironwood of Southern Florida,

ounce of fertilizer.Mr. which is thirty per c nt. heavier than

George E. Campbell, of Lake water. Sixteen of the species, it is GUARANTEED ANALYSIS PER TON OF 2,000 POUNDS :

stated, are so heavy that their perfectly VEGETABLE: MANURES: :
Weir made
a shipment this week of dry wood will sink in water. Ammonia ........... . ... *per cent | Phosphoric! Acid ................ 2J percent
seedling orange s trees toRiversiyoung Sulphate. .Potash ... .. ... .. . 6 per cent
Colonel Thomas J.,Roberts, of Cen-
treville, this week left samples of Ger- .. .. Potash.. ..... .. ....11 percent
..... cent Sulphate
.J Micauopy is now shipping about AmlUonia. X per I ..... .......... cent
man millet and oats at this office. The Phosphoric Acid .. . ;5 to 6 per cent I'otfah, actual. 9/1 per
three hundred crates of vegetables per oat stalks measured five feet ten inchesin ( The remainder consists of thoroughly pulverized humus.'b
day, and the sales bring satisfactory
height, and the millet was very
returns to the growers. fine. The Colonel l has about 150 acres NO MUCK NEED BE USED WITH THESE FERTILIZERS.

The Palatka. News, has a sample of in oats, and his crop was never better.

Para grass grown near Keuka, whichis From five acres of millet he expectsto TESTIl\ONIAL :

six feet in length, and is said to be cut twenty tons. He will start his I have used "Our Favorite" Fertilizers upon Orange Trees, Roses and Garden Plants,

the growth of" two weeks. reapers and mowers next week.-Tal- and I do not want anything better. HENRY: G. HUBBARD, Crescent City, Fla.
Floridian.The and other Vegetables. I consider it an
A beet is on exhibition in a Bartow lahassee excellent I tried and your cheap Fertilizers Fertilizer on,Onions which,will Cauliflowers greatly improve the land, and is not simply a
which is inches in crop of Florida peaches never
grocery twenty-one stimulant. H. LEGLER, Haskell, Fla.
circumfem c', >.' en teen inches long, was known to be so great as the sup- .------.----
that has to this market. For ..
and weigh MN j 1'-umls. ply come IIICEB: PER TON
Georgia has sent part of Manure .... .........In $17 00
.. years past Tree Manure. ... ., In sacks ?24 00 Vegetable ........ sacks
Ii i 1860
rlhc 1 tiiiu| i I vegetables shipped her crop to Jacksonville, and the fruit Orange 4t .. ..... .... ..in DIMS. .) W |I In
from aruiu.1. U.Jaudo' this year is
of -- ---
been -
has disposed at good figures. .
nearly fifty per cent. greater than that But this eeason the market is over- TERMS, STRICTLY CASH.

up to the same time last year. stocked, and several merchants have ',.' ." .-.. -. -

'; Mr. W. P. Butts, of Sorrento, has notified shippers in Georgia that they .::1' '. .
an apple tree that will have a bushelof cannot .handle their crops. Peaches :. ; GEO. HUTCHINSON,

apples on it this season. This tree through Florida are very .- Crescent.City, Florida.L .
has been bearing for three years. xchange. <



s"! .' ..'..... ...'. >'. '' c. ..:

.: 488'! -- THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.------ :;[JuNE6,1887

erect comb, posseesiug five points ; before Servius conquered Britain, those HARDWARE !

: Poultry and J1piarry. long, thin, pendant mottles, white ear- splendid fowl came from Doris, a nar
lobes, pinned snugly to the head ; red row piece of territory lying between
face, vivid red iris to the eye, and yellow M't's. Eta and Parnasus, Greece. Ar- -
i Points of Brown Leghorns. short, strong beak. The head istotle, Pliny and Columela favorably

:k A reader makes inquiry concerning feathers are dark maroon, shading to mention them, and they are known to
what makes the tail of his Brown bay and crimson in the hackle. The naturalists as Galus pentadactylus or GEO. McCoNiHE,

Leghorn, cockerel grow crooked, as back and wing bows should be dark five toed cock.

his roosting place is a good one. He crimson, and the saddle feathers cor- The Duclair Duck, though little
also asks whether a Brown Leghornwith respond with the hackle. Neither the known in this country ranks at home (New Bnlldlugut Old Stand.)

a cream-colored shade on his hen or cock should possess cream .or with the Rouen, Pekin and Ayles-

feathers is a pure one. The fowl self colored feathers. bury. They are a brownish or sooty 40 & 42 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fl I .
spoken of is what is termed "wiry The breast of the hen should be black in plumage ; have white under ...

tailed," and the cause of the tail feath. I dark salmon and solid, the shaft of the neck, and over the eyes a white .
ers growing crooked is a bend'' in the each feather a lighter salmon, the line like eyebrows. They are remarkably -

extreme terminus of the spinal column beak and wings brown, traced with hardy, and can be raised at any
; or rather the rump bone is black ; the tail black and upright, period of the year. They are found Hardware, Cutlery, Stoves and Tinware,

turned to one side, perhaps so slightlythat neatly folded, and well sheathed with in the Departments de Seine in ferieure Ilonsefurnighinff Agate Ware, Sash.Goods Door Granite, Blinds.and .

it might not be observed, even on the black feathers, which grow larger Normandy, France, and are great Oils, Agricultural Implements, "-
close examination, while the bird was and slightly curved at their extremity.The favorites. Iron and SteelKope,Belting ,
alive, but when dead and the feathers comb should be large, serrated Hose and Packing Pumps,
plucked it is quite preceptible. The with five points, evenly planted, and One reason why the farm yard Steam and Water Pipe
tail feathers, of course take the direction droop to one side. The wattles are of fowls are not>> as profitable as' they and Fitting. Four

of the curve and turn tone equal proportion, neatly rounded] ;ear- ought to be is the practice among Steel Fence Galvanized Wire,
lobes white clear and smooth head farmers of trading eggs with each
side. It is considered a great deformity ; Mantels,
and such birds are unfit to feathers plum color, shading to brown other. Such a plan is in-breeding, as Grates, .
breed from no 'matter how good their and straw on the hackle ; each feather the same stock is distributed throughout Etc. 4. '
salmon like the a neighborhood until the whole is ... .> '
other points may be, as the blemish is striped ; thighs ;.'
transmissible to the progeny. The breast; shanks smooth and yellow. I related, and every season becomesmore ;." "",

roosting place has little to do with it. The average live weight of a full- and more so, until finally the .
It may come from generations back, grown hen is from three and one halfto st'ck) degenerates, becomes enfeebled, Agent For

and might in the first case be caused four pounds ; that of a cock from and disease spreads and carries off the Orange UghtnlngPowderFannersfFrlendand
and handed four and one half to five pounds. The stock on all the farms.
down by the injudicious Boss Plows, Dangler Oil Stores,
practice of breeding from birds thathad eggs are of medium size, a full oval in Fowls having the dropsy often die Perry & Co's Celebrated to VPS and
acquired this habit from weakness and shape, rather pointed at the small end, from suffocation due to effusion and Ranges, Southern (St. Louis) White

thus become permanently disfigured. and of a chalky whiteness ; smooth, swelling in the throat like goitre. In Lead Masury's, Masury's Railroad Pure Colors& Liquid In 011,
with Brown with coarse-grained Any color the of iodide of
Frequently Leghorns, the pores. early stage a grain po- Paints, Fairbanks'Standard
tail feathers take a bend towards the to the shell denotes foreign blop' d tassium in a teaspoonful of water, and Scales.
head, the1 sickles lying'on the back and The chicks when first hatched should given every four hours will do good. i

touching! the comb when the head is present a uniform appearance, with If you have doubts about the natureof WTln Roofing, Sheet Iron,Copper and Tin
erect,giving to the bird a bold,haughty either brown or cream breasts with a the disease, hold the bird! up beforea Work to order.PIANOS .

stylish carriage. This style is termed dark under.coloring, a triangularmark strong light at night, brush to one
squirrel-tailed, and is much admired by on the head, of a dark maroon side the feathers, you will see the effu- ORGANS & MUSICAL GOODS
'sOI le. Indeed it is showy and givesto brown, and three stripes down the sion, especially in the crop if it be
the' bird a becoming appearance back like a chipmuck ; yellow shanks dropsy. Genuine Bargains.

when not carried and beak. .
to so great an extentas -
Every poultry house needs a good
to hug the back closely. This styleis There is no denying the fact that
dust bath the fowls roll in
to every Being Sole Agents in the South for
the Brown bird has
considered a deformity, still the original Leghorn
cleanse them from vermin and
day to
straight upright carriage is to be pre- been improved, altered and made up CHICKERING, MASON &: HAMLIN, MA-
all birds in their
matter, game THUSHEK, BENT & ARION
ferred. by crossing of other blood. Else howis
wild dust themselves and
The tail should always form a di- this variety of splendid coloring ob- state thoughfew
lice infest them
or parasites ever ,
rectangle with the upright head, and tained ? The bird is a beautiful one PIANOS,
they instinctively turn to
be well sickled up. There is a good and we wink at the strategy that pro.
dust cleanse and their
heap to purify
deal in a tail. A good cock shouldnot duced the present specimens. When feathers and flesh. ORGANS
be hen-tailed, or wry-tailed, or stiff projecting feathers grow at the ,
possess: too much proneness to squirreltail. hock joint the bird is termed "vulture About seven-eighths of the Europeaneggs
hocked." received in this' limed MASON & HAMLIN, BAY STATE,
The body of the tail should be country are ,
straight and upright, not folded to i they are shipped to this country from PACKARD ORCHESTRAL.

closely, neither should it be spread out In warm climates, Asiatic breeds Antwerp, Copenhagen and Hamburg,
benefit of price -
our one
to that extent that would present a should be liberally fed on white mus- Those coming from Antwerp are gathered Everyone, and prices given guaranteed lowest. Easy system

bristling appearance, with each feath- tard seed, in order to help to keep the in Belgium, Italy and France; terms of by payment us to Purchaser's,and payment nearest of freight R. R.assumed or-
er'standing separate, but should preserve liver active and healthy. The seed those from Copenhagen, in Denmark, steamboat landing.

,that compact position seen in a will grow in gardens and fields ; theyare and those from Hamburg, in Germany.The I
half-folded fan. Each feather shouldbe equally valuable to the human bet for
turkeys breeding -
subject who is suffering from liver disease purposes
of a dead, glossy black, with a very those old. If
are years year- VIOLINS, GUITARS, c
as to the fowl. In cholera and
alight curve at the tip end, the last ling stock be used, the earliest hatched
kindred diseases the liver is the first CORDEONSand
two feathers taller than the others
males and females should be selected. (
and the termination of each forming a organ affected. The Asiatic breeds It will be of no advantage to have ,
small instrument offered at J'
though naturally robust and healthy, all kinds of
gradual slope downward toward the them begin to hatch until the weather lowest prices. Send for our illustrated cata-
lower bo y. Over this the two tall, suffer more than the smaller breeds in becomes warm. logue.
long' sickles should curve and wave warm climates from liver complaints.The .4
gracefully. The coverts should come large breeds require different treat- The Pekin Ducks are creamy whitein '

out below and curve over, covering ment to that given the small fowls, color, eyes leaden blue, legs reddish 'y' ..<, j,.""
the entire tail on each side. They being large and heavy, they are natu- orange, and bill deep yellow, they are ArtistpIaterlalK ;' .
should possess a soft silken web, with rally inclined to be indolent and lazy.If very long, with a slight depressionfrom Picture Frames, _
Brahmas and Cochins back to tail and somewhat boat- Fine Pictures ,
a pile like velvet, and in color a rich were 'obligedto ,
metalic bottle-green ; the shaft of forage and scratch for a share of f shnped. Fancy Good,

the feather black, with no white at the their living, they would get enough of In feeding corn to hens to not give Albums., Stationery
roots. The breast, body and thighs ofa exercise to counteract the tendency to too much. It is excellent when fed We can save you money in anything In
Write for
Fancy Goods. ua
true Brown Leghorn should be solid obesity and broodiness, and it would in connection with other food, but Music prices. Ardor

black, with no fleckiugs. The shanks keep them in good laying condition. causes the laying hens to become too !

must be deep orange yellow, with a Although the Dorking is named fat when given as an exclusive diet. -

dark rich stripe, approaching red, from a town in England, by a curions Nests should be frequently renewedand BATES S. M;H.
down the outside.. The head shouldbe coincidence it was originally called nest powder dusted into every ,

ornamented with a straight, stiff, Dorian, over twenty centuries ago, and crack .and crevice. SAVANNAH, OA."I.

<" '- .
''t, "'r) 1

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T.. .

I h'. JUNE 6,1887.] ----. HE FLORIDA DISPATCH. --- 489






lowest Rates of Freight Always Given. ,
RATES OF PASSAGE, Order all your freight from New York.!Philadelphia and Boaf -
JACKSONVILLE TO "' ton via Mallory S.H.Line Jrom East River,New York
rr a Direct connection at Fernaiidina with F.R.b N.Ryi,
ALWAYS THE LOWEST. ( a'', j 4 For Jacksonville and all interior points in the State.

The PWHiPnUr9n Steamships of this Line will sail
I4'ERNANUINA; ,FLA.,for NEW.YORK, Thursday from This Pioneer Line offers to Floridians,the Traveling Public
every even.
Inl after arrl..val of 4:30; train from J.4 ksonv1lle, and evenln. and Shippers ot Vegetables and Oranges the Quickest,and
I t.ralns from Cedar Ocalo Only Direct Line to New York.
Key, LeesburIC,Tavare; Orlando and '
South Florida points. Through Tickets and information secured in advance at
in Florida. Staterooms reserved from Jacksonville -
CITY OF' SAN 010................................Thursday,June 2 \ principal or points FernandiLa office.
STATE OF TEXAS..._..;..._._..............._.. ...-Thursday,June Q ---- 49-Trains leave F. R. &N. Co's Main Depot, foot of Hogan
CITY OF SAN ANTONIO.......,.....................Thursday,June) street,Jacksonville,at 8.30: a m and 4.30 p m,on sailing days,
f STATE OJ' ...................:..................... June.3 landing passengers on Steamship's wharf, foot of Centre St.,
CITY: OF SAN ANTONIO........ ..............Thursday,June o attention is Fernandina.&SFor .
STATE OF.TEXAS..._..............Zr..............Thursday,July 7 by Every this line. The possible table is extended passengers going Tickets and State-rooms and further information,
CITY OF SAN AN ONIO...... .......................Thursday,July 14 New York and Florida supplied markets with afford.the best: the apply to .

R. W. SOUTHWICK, Agent,Fernandlua,Fla. A. Ii. CRIPPEN, Gen'l Travling Agent. J. M. CUTLER, Pass.Agent,75 West Bay St.,Jacksonville
C.H.MALLORY& CO.,General Agents,Pier 20 East River foot Fulton street,New York City.


' -The Florida .Dispatch: ; Line: -
o With the

The Great Fast Express MaF ;itgCohtoctionsSystem of the South. ,

Tha attention of shippers is directed to the Plant 8. S. Line between Havana Key West and Tampa,and People's Line of Steamers between Sanford, Pa-
latka and Jacksonville.South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford, S., F.& W. Ry between Jacksonville, Gainesville, River Junction and SavanI I
nah, Savannah and Charleston, and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah, Philadelphia, Boston and New York. The best equipped, fastest and most
prompt lines between all points in Florida and all points North and Northwest. Receivers and Shippers will profit by the following unparalleled connection!

Double dally fast freight service for all points West via Albany,Jesup and Savannah.Double dally fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany,Jesup and Savannah -
Florida fast trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville, Callahan -
points freight
Dally fast freight all rail connection ;
via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern, Interior tLIle
:.r::Ca at 1 points. ,Including New. York, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington and -weekly and service Oak. by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company,galling from

Trl weekly connection for New York via the Ocean Steamship Company,leaving SavanNew.York(New Pier So,North River,) direct for Savannah Tuesdays,Thursdays and Saturnah -
Mondays,Wednesdays and
Fridays. The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers leave Boston every Thursday
} Twice a week for Baltimore via
the Merchants
ing Savannah Tuesdays and and Miners Transportation Company, leav for Savannah direct making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight trains
Fridays. for all points in Florida. Only direct line frou.v'ew England to the South.
Weekly connection for Boston
via the Boston
Savannah Steamship Company, leaving > from Saturday for
t Savannah every Thursday. From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., g Philadelphia every

every Weekly Satatday;connection. for Philadelphia via the Ocean Steamship Comany,leaving Savannah Savannah From Baltimore direct via Merchants and Miners Transportation Co.,two J" steamers V 1 per week
from Baltimore for Savannah direct.making close connection with S., F.&W. Ry for allThe
Sailingdays for Steamships are subject to change without notice. points South. '
Florida Dispatch Line is the quickest.and best fast freight route from all points North, East and Westlto Florida. For full particulars,rates, stencils and shipping receipts apply
to any agents of the above lines,or to WM. P. HARDEE, \Ien'l: Freight Agent,Savannah, (Sa.
O. D. OWENS, Traffic Manager,Savannah,Ga. W. M. DAVIDSON, Gen'l Traffic Agent,Jacksonville, Fl*.
H. M.SCHLEY,Trav.Agent,Gaines nee iJ. E.DBAYTON,Trav.Agent,Live Oak. J.H. STEPHENS,Agent,Jacksonville.

,Ii A. J. ROSE ,

';:"' i. 't KISSIMMEE CITY, FLA. i

;..." ,'"', Infprovod and_ Unimproved Property Town Lots; Orange Groves.i ., .


,. Tr-u.ok Garden.: :L.a n. d. e

'" Correspondence Solicited. P.O. Box 197.' A J. ROSE.
References: First National Bank of Orlando; The K1airnm> Olty Hank.

1 ': .. 2,500,000 ACRES OF LAND .

FRONT PRESSED .10.0O per 10eo.
Lime, Plaster,Lath, Cement,Hair, Fire,Fire Brick, Fire Slabs,Fire Mortar.
TYSEN SMITH & CO., 12 "West Bay St.



Budded from tried and approved varieties, and on good healthv locks.
r rult Trees suitable to Florida. Address,

,' Columbia, Bradford, Clay, Putnam, Alachua, Levy, Marion, Orange, AARON: "S7".AJ Ee, OeorgretOTTTTa,'Fla r p,

Sumter, Hernando, Hillsborough, Brevard, Baker, Polk & Manatee, May Ifi'RS tf

13 000 Acre
Consisting of the finest Orange,Farming, Vegetable and Grazing Lands in the State of Flor- OfheaVYOaz' and hammock having miles of river and
lJl the best quality hickory cabbage
ida. Prices IL2S per acre and upwards, according to location.For .
bay fronts and best water protection in Florida. Especially
further information,apply to Office Florida Southern Railway Co.,Palalka,Fla. adapted to Florida fruits and vegetables.
: .o.. 1 11I-4ao
L. N. \\'I I.KI l K, W. P. COUPEK, ::S" Q. o :

i Chief Cleii.-i& <'Jihlilor- ,Land Department. Chief Engineer and Land Commissioner. da ]!:iiANTHONY Q & YOUNG, mac";...mao

? sS = oB
The Lakeland Nursery Company.ORANGE 'SSB=a C3: A
COm :t' = 0E
_-CIS 0 f 0 :=Q ti r oG
LEMON AND LIME TREES, ;; = Palmetto, 31 mi a tee Co., Fla.: 0:;!i '_i

Peen To and Honey Peaches, Keiffer and LeOonte Pears, Kelseys's Japan Plums,Japan Sao 9_ .E i a;g o-o I po B**. acv fati
Persimmons, Loquats, Figs, Grapes, Cattley'Guavas, Strawberries, Pine-Apples and Bazanaa. Q o f 7
Town property improved and unimprovedin
Tropical Potted Fruit Tree a Specialty.Price all the towns on the Manatee River. Beautiful river and
List free on application. E. H. TISON, :Manager bay fronts. Pure salt water. Oysters, fish and clams. Lovely building sites
Lakeland,Polk Co., 'Ia. on mainland and islands. Yachting unsurpassed.; Correspondence solicited.

,. ii \; ,
; ,. .


rs r .







The following preparation; appliedto SOUTH FLORIDA RAILROAD.Central LOW COST HOUSESAND

the surface will any rust- ( Standard Time.) ON AND AFTER MONDAY, May 23,1887, 8:30 a m, Trains
will leave and arrive as follows:
ing on plows or any other metal l.sur- SOUTH BOUND. NORTH BOUND. HOW TO BUILD THEM.
30 cuts with specifications estimates and
faces : Melt one' ounce of resin in a ='ro ate mot .c3 u'o ql I ,
aI I c: c: I cc c: d- full description of desirable modern houses,
gill of linseed oil and when hot mix o 0 o o !:i cOo 00 o .. from 4 rooms up costing from $40u to $5OUO,
b profusely illustrating detail and
Z 0 b A Z many
of kerosene oil. This .,. Ac. ..,. c Z xzw
:with two quarts l r;= C STATIONS. c. 4 1 cO original ideas in regard to decorating.,Homes

can be, kept on hand and applied ,in,a :: mz !- Co g) ..q.., :: N mm adapted to all climates and classes of people.
rIww' w w w w' latest, best, and only cheap work of the
!:: '' ::a 2 a ''
moment with a brush or rag to the 1 IA d kind published in the world. Sent by mail,
i post paid, upon receipt of 25 cents. Stamps
metal surface of any tool that is not = M P M M A.7-.b- Leave--Arrive P.M A A M P M A M taken. Address
....,. ... ... :_. -.. : _R. R. wharf.. .... _._: _...... _...... .. ..
going to be used for a few days, pre. o 8 40 4 40 5 00 10 201, .......Santord_... II5 2 (a)C. 820 100 5 35 3 45 BROOKLYN BUILDING ASSOCIATION,
rust and saving much 3 8 50 4 48 518 10321 4 55 .......Belair....... 112 150 8 0812 48j 1 518 3 33 __ Brooklyn, N. Y.
venting any 4 ...... ...... ...... _...... ..... Crystal I..ake.. III ...... ...... _...... ...... ......
I vexation when the time comes to use 5 8 55= ...... 5 23 ......_ _.... .....* Bents.... 110 I 45 8 oa _...... ...... .. .. BELAIIl GROVE NURSERY.
'1 10 905 458. 53 3 ,10 57 525 ....Longwood 105 134 750123': 458 310 NURSERY STOCK of choice Imported varieties -
it again. 13 9 135M 5 1107 543 Altamonte ... 102 1 27 737 12 &., 4 30 258 of ORANGE and LEMONS, acclimated and
14 9 18 5 07 5 401 11 13'; 555 ......_Mayo_...... 101 1 20 7 ao 12 2.'f\\; 4 ro 250 tested at Belalr.Also, PECAN TREES. Applyto
15 9 22 510 5 11251 6 10 ..._Maitland..... 100 1 15 7 2512 23, 4 15 245' Donald Houston, Supt. at BelaIr, or
Diversified farming, rotation in 18 930 518, 5 58 1140. 630 .1M1'inter Park._ 97 107 7 151215 400 235 T. F. HUGG1NS:: Agent., Sanford.

of the soil and i ro ...... ...._1 ...... ......- .. .......Wilcox...... 95 ...... ...... -...... ......
crops, a knowledge 22 9 45 5 301 615 12 20 7 30 ......Orlando._... 9312 55 7 0012 02 3 ro 215 SAVANNAH FLORIDA AND WEST'N
planting to which it is best .... Gatlin ... .. .. .."... ..".". ,
crops ;1 9 55 5"386.25\ 12.4.3 7.4.5 :::.Jessamine.::: rJ 12.4" 6 371149 ::3"00 152 RA.lL'VA' .

adapted, with close attention and 27 9 58.\ _Pine Castle... 8812 37 ...... _..... ...... ......
thorough cultivation will cure hard 30 10 05 5 45'! 6 35 12 55 8 00 .Big Cypress. 8512 30 6 251142' 2 48 140 W A CROSS SHORT LINKTIME
34 10 15 5 .571 6 50 AMI 13 8 15 ....McKihnon..j: 8) 12 ro 6 1311 32 PM 2 32 1 25
times and fill the land with plenty.] 40 10 30 t6 251 7 05 6 00 130 8 00 i ,..Kissimmee...1 75 tl210 6 00 11 IDi 9 05 2 15 1 05 CARD IN EFFECT MAY 15, 1887.
4t 10 40 '6 3i: PM 610 PM ..... 1..CapmbeIls..1 7111 45 A M 1105. 850 PM 1240 All Trains on this Road are run by Central
j 52 10 58 6 52 6 30 9 401: .Lake Locke. 631125= 10 44 8 25 12 08 Standard Time.
57 11 15 7 0'2 6 42 10 02'' '....Davenport.... 5811 15 10 32 810 11 50 Passenger Trains will leave am? Arrive dally
61 11.25 710 652 1017 :..Haines City54 11 05 10 22 755 1135 as follows:
Sorghum and Sugar 68 1142 7 24 7 10 11 051 i..Bartow June.. 47 10 50'1 10 07 7 a5 11 10 WEST INDIA FAST MAIL
72 1153 7 31 7 20 11251 Auburndale.. 43 10 40 954 7 05 1050 Arrive Jacksonville..........--...... .........12tfO n'n
.. ... 77 1200 7 38 '7 03 11 40'' I.... tFitzhugbs"1 3810 28 9 44 650 10 as Leavr Jacksonville.-........................._ 7:00 a mArrive
; 83 12 18 7 52 tM 05 123u, ..._Lakeland..I, 321015 9 30 6 32 1010 Waycross................................. 9:18 a in
EVAPORATORS MILLS 93 12 43 812 8 31) 1 20 ....Plant City....I 22 9 b3 9 05' 5.15 9 25 Arrive Jesup ....... ...............................10:32: a m
98 12 1)3) ...... 8 50 ...... ......_Cork_...... 17 9 8 ...... 5 25 ..... I Arrive Savannah..............................12:06: p m
103 105 8 32 9 05 2 05'() : .....,.Seffner....... 12 9 27 835 5 08 8 40 Arrive Charleston-............................. 5:00 p m
105 12 838 9 22 215 .no.. Mango...... 10, 9 22 I 820 05 00 8 07 Arrive Rich ond....:............................ 6:54 a m
-AND- 109 120 ...... 9 33 ...... ......Orient....... \ 6';' 915 I ...... 4 48 ......! Arrive Washington...........................11:30 a m
115 135 9 00 9 50 2 551 Ar Tampa. r..vl 0;, 9 00 8 00 4 301 7 30;, Arrive" Baltimore............:...................12:40 pm.
I IPM PM! AM Pl1 I AI I 1PM P PM''' Arrive Philadelphia.........................._ 3:10 p m
\ SUGAR MAKERS' SUPPLIES. *Flag Stations. Trains No. 3 and leave from and arrive at J.,T. &: K. W. Depot. No. 3, Arrive New York................................._5:50 p m
{ and 6 Dail)". Nos. 1, 2, 4,5,718, 9, 10, Z1 and 28, Dally except Sunday. Train No. 6 will stop ,: Pullman Bullet Cars to and from New York
R only at Plant City. Lakeland, Bartow Junction, Kissimmee and Orlando. Nos. 2 and 3 stopat am Tampa, via Jacksonville and Saniord._
THE OLD RELIABLEPERPETUAL. Kissimmee for Lunch No. stops at Lakeland for Breakfast. No. 8 stops at Lakelandfor NEW ORLEANS EXPBE3

1 Supper.Trough Arrive Jacksonville........................... 7:35 p m
Tickets sold at all regular stations for all points North, East and West. Baggage Leave Jacksonville.............. ............. /:00: a m
; ," checked through. Arrive Waycross.........................-.... .. 9:18 a In
------ Arrive Thomasvllle .......__..... ...-....... 1:22 p m
t:. PembertouFerry llraitcli.__.-__S.F._R.R.___ Sail f or d. Indian River R a II rOB d. Arrive Bainbridge...... ............ .:...-.....335 p m
: .The "Cheapest. Evaporator. in the market. Sou h Bound North Bound._ Arrive Chattahoocb.ee......................... 4:04 p m
'I! J Thirty In'the Arrive Pensacola via L. &: N.R.I R ...iu:10 m
years successfully lead. The Read Down. Read Up.F'st p
I'\ ______m__ Arrive Mobile via L.&:N.R. R.........._2:15 a m
Ac.: --FSt Ac.- Daily except Sunday. Arrive New Orleans viaL. &N.R.R... 7:10 a m
::' l'l &}I't HTATIONS. M'l &Ft ="
Pullman Buffet Cars to and from aycross
19. 21. 20. 22. South Bound. North Bound.
I and New Orleans vii Pensacol and Mobile.A .
Read Dowd. Read Up.
A.M P.M.
: :SELF-SKIMMING: EVAPORATOR. o 5.00 7.01 Lv Pembert'n Fery Ar 9.50 4.5057, a Pas. 'Pas. 8 i Leave Jacksonville.............................. 2:05 p m
,H" 1 5.n. 7.05 ...........Fit erald. . 9.'&tJ.u: 45 56 = &Ft: STATIONS. &Ft Leave Callahan.................................... 2:47 p m
3 5.10 ....- ............ .Or ole ,... 9.40 ..... 54. 24. Arrive Way cross.................................. 4:40 p m
1. ..SIMPLE',.. EFFECTIVE AND CHEAP 6 .. ... .Bay City.. ..... ..... 51 .t. Arrive Savannah: ................................ 7:58 p m
: $ ". 10..5.25 7.35 ............ .l\Iacon... 9.ZJ: .15 47 ....... p.m a.m ....... Arrive Charleston .........._................... 1:25 a m
-THEVICTORY --: 12 5.35 7.43 .........Owensboro ......... 9.15 4.07 45 ,' 0........ 5.50 Iv.......Sanford .........ar 8.00 .......19 Arrive Wilmington..........................-.. 830amArrive
16 5.50. 8.08 .........Dade City........... 9.00 3.50 ....... 6.aj: ........*Fort'Reed........ 7.42 ....... 15 Weldon .........._........................ 2:15 p m
;Z3 6.10 8.45..........Rlch1and........... 8.42 318 41(3( ....... 6 10 ....... ..Rutledge ......... 7.32 .......13 Arrive Richmond ............................_ 6:00 p m
CANE MILL 6.30 9.15....._Qedderv1l1e 8.22 2.4025 I 7.., ...... 6.20'........m...*Clydes. . 7.20...... 11 Arrive Washington-...........................11:00 p m
,, 32)) 6.45 9.40......._ Katbleen.. I' 8.10 2.20,20 12 .......: 6..:..')....*Clifton ............ 7.03; ; ...... 6 Arrive New york................................. 6:50 3 m
J .The Best, Strongest and Simplest Mill 40'' 6.50 9.52.........GrUtln's Mill........ 8.0:1: 2.0817\ \13.. fi.43.Tuskawilla.. . 6.55',....... 5 Pullman Buffet Sleeping Cars from Jack-
fori' n :'. 10.30 ........._Lakeland_.........k\ 7.5 1.5.\14 ,,171.\\I 7.07..0vledo............ 6.40 ....... 1 sonville to New York.
the money made. Write Catalogue ......:..._.Haskell............ 7.30 1.001\ 6 ))1 19........i 7.15 ar..Lake Charm..lv 6.20..1 0 EAST FLORIDA EXPRESS.
i i. giving full description; also free 57 8.00111.20{ \ArrIve.Bartow_L ve 7.1512 401 0 1----- --- Arrive Jacksonville ... ..... .........-..... 9:45 am

sample copy of the SORGHUMGROWERS' llurtow JUraiich.-Daily. No. 8:)-At Lakeland with train for Bartow, Leave Jacksonville.............................. 4:15 p m
.. GUIDE. at Bartow Junction with train for Bartow.No. Leave Way cross.................................- 7:20pm
South Bound. North Bound. 11-At Bartow Junction with train from Leave Gainesville ...............-.............. 3:45pm
i, Pas. Pas Tampa; at Bartow with train from Pember- Leave Lake City...................... ........... 3:25 p m
I We also manufacture the celebrated pas.jpas.. :'" I rATIONS. !::' &Ft No., i ton Ferry, and Florida Southern Railway for Leave Live Oak.................................... 6:55: p m
.. 11. 13. A I ji 12. 14. Punta Gorda. Leave Thomasville.... .........................10:55 p m
PORTABLE SODA FOUNTAIN.Prices I : No. 12-At Bartow Junction with train for Arrive Albany.............................-...... 1:22am
A 1t1 P. M Lv Are A M. P.M. : Sanford.No. Arrive Montgomery via Cen. R. R;...'7:26 a m
from $35 to $80.CHAPMAN 11.45 7.40 0 Bartowi'ncI1710.40 7.10 13-At Bartow Junction with train from Arrive Mobile via L. &: N. R. R.....-.. 2:10 p m *
12.f'.O 7.. 5 5 WinterHvn 1210.25 6.5.5 Tampa, Arrive New Orleans la L. & N. R.R. 7:30 p m
Address 12.20 8.12 91.Eagle, Lake 810.05, 6.3' I No. 14-At Bartow with Florida Southern Arrive Nashville via L. & N. R. R.... 7:05 p m
",; .' ". 1235! 8.2512'G'rdonville 6.201 train from Punta Gorda; at Bartow Junction Arrive Louisville via L. &: N. R. R..... 2:12 a m J
.: & CO., 12.55 8.40117, arBartowlv 51 9.30E 6.001, i i with train for Tampa. Arrive Cincinnati via L. &: N. R, R... 6:30: a m
f --- -- 1 1 No. 15-At Bartow Junction with trains Arrive St. Louis via L.&: N. R.R......... 7:40 a m
Madison, Indiana CONNECTIONS.TRAIN from Tampa and Sanford at Bartow with Pullman Buffet Cars to and from Jackson-
No. 1-At Sanford with People's and : Florida Southern Railway for Punta Gorda. ville and St. Louis, via Thoraasvllle, Mont-
: DeBary-Baya Line Steamers from Jacksonville 1 No. 16-At Bartow Junction with trains lor gomery and Nashville.. _
SUMMER MUSIC and J. T. fit K. W. train from Titusvllle; ;, Tampa and Kissimmee. JACKSONVILLE EXPRESS.

at Bartow Junction with train for Bartow; (r No. 19-At Pemberton Ferry with Florida Arrive Jacksonville.........................-. 6:15am
dQ.. FOR at Lakeland with train for Pemberton Ferry..i Southern Railway train from Gainesville; at Leave Jacksonville ........................... 5:05 p
.. No. 2-At Lakeland with train for Bartow ; Lakeland with train for Kissimmee.No. Leave Callahan...............-...-..... ..... 5:55p m
SUMl\JER: LE1f: B XT IIJM at Bartow Junction with trains to and from 20-At Bartow with Florida Southern Arrive Waycross..................-............. 8:10pm:
Bartow; at Sanford with People's and De Railway train from Punta Gorda at Lakeland Arrive Jesup....................................... 9:10: p m
In the Cottage by the'Sea-the iMke the Mountain Bary-Baya Line Steamers for Jacksonville, with train for Tampa; at Pemberton Arrive Macon via E. T. V. & G. R. R- :J:4.53 m
and J., T. & K. W. tiains for Jacksonville and Ferry with Florida Southern Railway for
restful hours pasn much more pleasantly Arrive Atlanta via E. T.V. & G. R.R. 7:15 a m
Tltusville. Gainesville and Palatka.No. Arrive Chattanooga via E. T. V. & G. 1:2.5' p m
with a mixture Music and Song. No.3-Has Pullman Sleeper and Through 21-At Bartow with Florida Southern Pullman Buffet Cars and passenger coaches ito
TAKE WITH YOU THERE Coaches without change between Jackson- Railway for Punta Gorda. and from Jacksonville and Chattanooga.
ville and Tampa. Connects at Sanford withJ No. 22-At Bartow with Florida Southern
The Good Old Songs we Used to Sing ,. T. & K. W. train from Titusville at Bar- Railway train from Punta Gorda; at Lake SAVANNAH EXPRESS. '
Paper l Boards tow Junction with train for Bartow at Tam land with train for Tampa. Arrive Jacksonville-....._. .................. 5:30: a m 1*
Piano, $ ; .$1.25. 115 Songs. Full on lIonday.Vednesdays and; Fridays Connections are made at Tampa by the Arrive Gainesville .............................10:30 am'tfJ
Bright accompaniment." Sing them in The pa with Steamer 14lar Manatee River, Limited West India Fast Mail, both north Leave Jacksonville............................. 9:00:: p m W
"On the Rosy Ocean Morning, "the Stilly Night." and on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays; and south bound, with the elegant and com- Leave Gainesville..............._............. 3:45 p m f
Side. Not Wave, or by the "Ingle with Plant Steamship Company's ships for mrdlous Fast Mall Steamships Mascotte and Leave Lake City.................................- 3.-2S p m
The best of a poor song in the book. Key West and Havana.No. Whitney of the Plant :Steamshi": Co., to and Leave Live Oak.................................... 6:55 p m
PIANO CLASSICS piano music, or of Is found easier In the new 6-Has Pullman Sleeper and Through from Key West and Havana, and with steamer Arrive Waycross.................. ...........11:45 p m
YOUNG PEOPLE'S grades In Coaches without change from Tampa to Jack- Margaret for all points on Hillsborough Arrive Albany.via B.& W. R. R......... 5:00: a m
,First-class Songs will CLASSICS be each $1. sonville. Connects at Tampa on Tuesdays, and Tampa Bays and Manatee River. Arrive Macon via Central R. R.......... 9:10 a m
seen in SONG Atlanta via Central R. R-...... 1.05 m
CLASSICS $1., and in SONG CLASSICS Wednesdays and Saturdays with Steamer Passports can be applied for through any Arrive p
Public and certificate that Arrive Chattanooga via W.&:A. R.R. 7C5' p m
FOR LOW Margaret from Manatee River,and on Sun Notary Notary's
VOICES, $1. days, Tuesdays and Fridays with Plant 4 uch application has been made, when visec Arrive Savannah................................ 6:10 a m
Gems of Strauss $'-, anll l also Gem of the Steamship Company's ships for Havana and by the Spanish Consul at Key West, will an- Arrive Charleston...._... ...................-11:40 a m
Dance |2, contain a Key West" swer the purpose of a Pullman Buflei Cars and nger.coaches
large quantity the most brilliant music ex i o.7 At Lakelauu with train for Pember- Passport.W.. McCOY, Jacksonville to Chattanooga. .
tant. ton Ferry. Gen. Freight & Ticket Agent. Pnllm; n Sleeping Cars to and from Jacksonville -

War 50 cts., and College Songs, 00 Game vllle and Savannah.
Songs, cts., should be on hand for Through Tickets sold to all points by Rail
"Jolly" music. FRANK K. KEOGH & CO. and Steamship: connections, and baggage
checked through. Also, Sleeping Car berths
The Life of Franz Liszt !&' arrd the :':::':4 r N autleth Street, Birmingham, Ala. and sections secured at the Company's Office
Lite of WHOLESALE in Astor's building,82 Bay street, and at Passenger -
MendeUaohn, $1.50, are the newest of lxOksor Station, and on board People's Line
Musical Literature. Send for lists. FRUIT AND PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANTO Steamers II. B. Plant and Chattahoochee and
Any book mailed promptly for retail pricoOL1V DeBary.Baya Line Steamer City of Jackson
Early Fruits and Vegetable a Specialty. ville. WM. P. HARDEK!; ,
II DITSON & CO., Bohtou.C. General) Pasencr
solicited and returns; made. Write for stencil and Agent.B. ..
iV 4i nments quotations
prompt ,
H. & Co. 867 P
Broadway. N. 1. liefer to First National Bank i of Birmingham. G. FLEMIftO Superintendent.


,', > .




_ .



1' v b i.

1 .



53 to 55 HOURS NEW YORK, :


' New York San Mateo, Putnam County, Florida.
and Philadelphia, SCHEDULE IN EFFECT .MA Y i, 18 7.
t and between Boston. ,- %
s and Savannah Standard Time,33: minutes slower than Jacksonville .
Y PHILADELPHIA. The best varieties of the Orange and Lemon
65 to 70 HOURS.
and other Citrus Fruits. From To
At rive LeaveRead
Choice varieties of the Fig,ol recent Intro Read up. WEST. down:
Ocean duction. No 10 No 2 Nol No 9800a
! Steamship Company. 1145 730p......Jacksonville...... 3COp
The Cattley Guava,both the Red and Yel 10 3< a 6 50 p........_Baldwin........... 8 41 aJ02a -I O'l P
(Central 90 Meridian Time.) low. 10 to a 6oN: p...._.;Macclenny......_ 431 P
or 9 64 a 6 25 ..,,..Glen ht Mary... 9 07 a923a 437p
t Rates Between Jacksonville New York and Boston Direct. The Peach and Pear of the sorts best adaptedto 9 as a 6G8p.( ....._JSaud erson_...... 455 P
' Passage the soil and climate of Florida. 9 07 a 5 45! p........_Olustee.J ..........,. 9 44 a 5 20 p
Cabin, 925; Steerage, 112.50; Excursion (return trip),45u. (These tickets interchangeable.) 8 33: a 519 p..l.ake, Clty..l0 a 600 P

THIS Magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: The Japan Plum, varieties of the Mulberry 757a 452p.743a .._..Welborn.... ....10X5a 641 p
FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. Hart's Choice Bananas,Grapes, Pecans, etc. 440p..........Houston...........1046a 658p

$ CITY OF AUGUSTA,Capt. J. W. Catherine.................. .... Friday Jnne 3- 4.-OOp.m 7 27 a 427 p.....".Live Oak..........1058a' 730 P .
: NACOOCHEE CaPt. Kempton....:........................... .....Sunday June 5- 5l')a. nJ Catalogue free on application. 6 40 a 4 00 p.EllavUle..U> 26 a 8(8 p.
6 01 3 26 .........Madison......... 848
'' TALLAHASSEE, Capt. Fisher. ..,........ ...............:....."Tuesday, June 7:00p.m REJ'ERENCES-Cro &Gowen San Mateo a p. .1201p P
CITY OF SAVANNAH...... ;......... ....................-. ... Friday,June'10 9:00: a. m01'lY by ; 521 a p..Oreenvllle..12 925p .
Hon. W. San Mateo W. J. Webb ......... Audi! ......._. 9
. 10:30 O. Lyle ; 5 05 a 2 37 p ? & .1248p <7p107pl009p
OF AUGUSTA, Capt. J. W. Catharine...... .............: Sunday, June a m f
Palatka. 220 ..........Drif ton..........
4 46
c NACOOCHEE. Capt. Kem ton........ ... ......... .............. Tuesday, June 14-1230p. m a 'P
fALLAHABSEE. Capt. Fisher................... .................... Friday, Jnne 17- 3:00p.m A..N.DOBBINS & BRUm 515 a 250 p.ar..Montlcello..ar. 135p 1035 P
CITY OF SAVANNAH..... .. _. ..... ..............................Sunday,June 194:00 p. m i 20 a 165 p..lv..Montlcello.40 p 930 p
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Capt. J. W. Catherine......................Tuesday, June 21- 6-00: p. m 4 46 a 2 20 p.....""..Drifton......_. 107 p 10 09 p
r 1' MACOOCHEE, C J>t. Kempton....... ........:...................... Friday, June 2t7:30 p. m 4 22 a 2 0( p............Lloyd............. 145pl035p168pl049p
TALLAHASS Capt. Fisher.............:.........................Sunday,June 269:30 a. m 4 05 a 130 p........_Chaires....._.
OITY OF. SAVANNAH...... ..... .....:;...................... ....Tuesday. June 28-11:30 .'m 3 30 a 10'>p........Tallahassee--27 p 11 50 p
L FROM: SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. 225a1235p..Midway".NN. 254p1240a140a1209p..N..Quincy..321p

G(TE CITY, Capt, Hedge....-...........-.... ... ._.................__Thursday, June 2, at 230 p. m. : 140a
CITY .. ..... .._................'J June 9 at 8:00 12 48 a 1150 p..... Mt. Pleasant..... 341 p 230a
t OF MACOr ...-... .... _............ ... .. ... ... hnrsday, : a. m
WATE: CITY, Capt..Hedge......................_.?._.................._....Thursday June 16. at 2.00: p. m' 1201. a 1125 p.__River Junction... 4 00 p 3SO a
t CITY OF MACON...._..._...................................._................Thursday,June.23, at 7.-OOa.m
GATE CITY. Capt. Hedge.......................................................--Thursday, June 30, at 2.00 p. m MAIN HOTJTH.LINE. I

FOR PHILADELPHIA.These No. 4. No. 88. f'o.0.7.' No. 3.

[ Steamers do not carry Passengers.] .I 10.15 a 4 O5.p...... Fernandina.....1010 a 4.00 p
I DKHSOUG, Capt. N. F. Howe.........._................................_......Saturday, June 4- 5:00 p. m .*....... 241 p.........Callahan.."......]1 Z1 a ...
UNIATA, Capt. ABkins..M.............-...........-........._........-...aturday, Jun 11-10:30 a. mDESSOUG 6 30 a 2 30 p....Jacksonville.. 1135 a 9000
Capt. N. F. Howe ......-....._......-..............._....-Saturday, Jnne 18- 3:30p. m 515 a 141 p......... Baldwin........ ))241 P 102Mp1106p
I JUNIATA, Capt. Askins...._...................4.-.............................Saturday, June 25- 8:30 a. m' Gun Locksmiths, and Stencil Cutters, 4 25 a 110 p.........Highland.........'1 10 p
4 (I.i a 1 Oil) p........ ...Xawtey....... IlK p'1124 p
THESE PALACE STEAMERS, 44 W. St. Op. St. Johns Hotel. 3 45 a 12 45 p.........Starke.......... 182 p 1147 P
y Oonnectlng with the Savannah, Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line) Forsyth 3.16<< a 12.15/ p......"_Walult.....*.. ... 1.55 p 12.25 a
L Offer to the Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no 01 her line. JACKSONVILLE - FLORIDA 2 18 a 1144 p....... Campvllle ...... 2 17 p 100 a2.2a
Through Tickets and Bills of Lading Issued to principal[points North, East and Northwest 11.31 a...... Hawthorne....... 226p 115a
Tin Savannah. For further particulars apply to Gunsmithing done In all its branches. 113 a II 04) a............ dim ........_n 255p 202a1023a..SilverSpring
HENRY YONGE, Agent, 'C. G. ANDERSON, Agent, -- ..... 3 36 p -
Pier No.85, North River. New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ga. IRON SAFE WORK 1160 P 1010......_..... vfCS 12* ..._.<.._ 352 p 315a
( RICHARUSON & BARNARD.! Agents, Savannah Pier, B..ston. Rnl\t'fAJ rates Rtmcil' mull. HOOp 9 43 a..Bf''levtew.!' 420 P 4 00 a
'W. L. JAMES Agent, 13 8.Third Street, Philadelphia. on Putting: y 1020 p 918 a...........Oxford?......... 444p& 435a ,
J. D. HA8HAGEN Eastern Agent, Say., Florida & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway Y. 1002p915p 9((8 a...._..Wildwood....... 4 55 p 454a
I For Information and Tickets apply to Nurseries of Lake Weir Co. 8 40 a.....", Lecsbnrg......... 520 P 5 35 a
l G. M. SORREL. Gen. Manager. H. R. CHRISTIAN. Soliciting Aeent. 9 on p 8 sl a.........Eldo do......... 5 29 p 560 a .
t 100,000'Orange and Lemon Trees 800 P 8 15 a..........Tavares......,.... 5 45 P 615 a
.. -- Our trees are very thrifty three and four 710p 6 55 a..........Orlando ......... 7 06 p 815 a
year old stock%to % Inch diameter with
NOW IS, YOUR ORANGE one year old buds. Nurseries easily accessible Cedar Key Division.

1 \ to Florida Southern Railroad. Send for 10.15 4.05 p......Fernandina..10bn a 4.00 p
Catalogues. Address 2.47 p..Callahan.,11.27a--

,. E. B. FOSTER, :Manager fl.30a- 2.30: p..... Jacksonville.." 1135 a 9.0tt p
.J" .in .c1.1v onth;: Lake Wpl. Fla.
5 30 1.45
a p..ualdwin..12.45 p 10.20 p
4.25 a 12 411 p....._.Highland."...... 1 132 p 11.05 p
4. 8 a 12.81) p........ ._Law ey......... 1.." p 11.24 p
; Office and :3 43 a 11 t.q) a..........StarkP........... ?.' 1 p 11.47 p
: Stationery Printing. :3(0) a 11 I K! a.......... Waldo. ....... 2 35 p 6 30 a s
10 35 p 1055' a....._. Fwlrbankp__.... 257 p 7 00 aft
15 p 103%a.... _Gainesville_...... 3 23 p 9 (00) a
r 8 25 p 9 15 R.......Arredondo....... R4lp: 945 a
I .r 7 so) p 9 on a....... _Archer.......... 415p )1100 a
., fi :3, p 8:3n a......... Bronson ......... 4 4-S p 11 W ft33Qp
y 6 45 a......_Cedar Key..... 635 p 230p

Tampa Division.
The Great Farm. Industrial and Stock Periodical -
of the South It embraces In Its con luh; a 4.. >6 p...,. .Fernandina......10.10 a 4.00 p
t stituency the intelligent,progressive and substantially 2.41 p ....... Callahan...._..11.27 a
successful farmers of this section; -6.0a:: 2.30: p......Jacksonville ._ .1'.5a "p.OOp
and as an advertising medium for the Mer- 5.3" a 1.43 p..PRldwin..121n( p 10.20 p
\ CONSISTING OF chant,Manufacturer, Stock-Raiser and Professional :3/5 a 12 Man Is absolutely unequalled. Space 11.50 p 10.10 a............. ........... 3 52 p 3.11a
'.." ;': 'h'.... ..' .'a Judiciously employed; in Its columns is always.remunerative. 4/0 p 9.0S a..... .'VI1I1wl'nd..._... 5 25 p 9 no a
4 BUSINESS CARDS. >:! :. .-' -';-: By recent purchase it now 4l5p3P8p 8 31 a......PanasofTkee..... 546p 10 a-> a
,; :. 500 1, ,. .. combines: The Dixie Farmer, Atlanta Ga.: -- 8 2* a..cumtf>rvllle ...... 556p --
1 ;;I't'' tr _.. :'.. the rinntatlonMontgomery. Ala.; the RuralSun () 7 52 a... !Catherine.... 635p 10 57 a .
:'' 'fa-:.. "' Nashville, Tenn.; The Southern Farm 250p 740 a...Wlthlacoochee..._ 645p It 18 a
; 500 NOTE HEADS (Five:Pads). ..,\ ers' Monthly, Savannah, Ga ; Southern 218p; 7 17 a...... Owenstoro.,..... 7 AA p 1157p225p
t .'": World, Atlanta Ga.; the i'lxenix Agriculturi 150p/) 7 00 a......" )ade Cltv. ...... 7 25 p
.. ''''''':- Marietta Ga., and unites the vatrons of
'. these with its own large,: list of sub -crlber.4.
500 XX ENVELOPES (White or Tinted). The press and people all testify its great Jacksonville Ilrancti.
: .. .. ,.. ."". merits:: as a medium for cont oiling Southern 10 fl a 550p: .......Femnmlina......,7 M a 400 P
-<. ". n trade. Subscription, one year in advance, 9 4; a 5 2o p......Hart's Road...... 7 22 a 4 29 p
<: 500 STATEMENTS (Five Pads). ",. ptstago'pai: $l. O. Sample copies, sent free. 914! a 5 03 p......... Duval............ 7 4fi a 5(03 p
Advertisements, per line, 30c. We go to press :t".on 4St: I'p... Jacksonville.... 80a 545p
the 2.1th of each month preceding our date.
:" Address St. Mark. Branch.
1 2,000 (Twenty ) .- ...._..... .....,' )
P. O. Drawer H, Atlanta, Ua.SHORTDHAND it t p in J ilaha6< e.,........ x :3O a m
; 1157 a m ...................Rf>1J lr............__ K43am
'..-'t' : *Typewriting 10.is a m ..............JWaknlla............... 9 40 a m
.-.',. '. !College pamphlet 10U': a m .____._ St.Mark.JO05am()
with fuL
set alf teach- ("a"means a.m. time. "p"means p.m.time.)
art .
: ; 20 eta.
'Art ; : .' WRITE TO postal note. fit. Marks' Branch trains run Tuesday
.,. "'/ :' .. These lessons are complete end: an tile same from Thursday and Saturday only.
;: ::> "C. :O: ;' : which students are taught at Ilaren's Colleges and which Leaving time is given In every case except
enable us to fit students for Short-iland and Type-Writing where arriving tinge is named.
office! positions in Three Months'time. The lessons are Trains 1 and 2,7 and 8,9 and 10 and trainaon
: jolelj the work of Mr.Curtis Haven can be learned at homey ,
/: DaCosta and a child and cannot be obtained except at one of Ilaren's Jacksonville Branch run dally.
The Printing Publishing House Colleges. The Christian Oberver Baltimore, Itf.. says: Trains 3 and 4 dally except Sunday.
They are a great advance beyond other systems,making Trains and 2 have Pullman Palace Sleepinsr .
the acquisition of Short-Hand comparatively easy." Address Cars to and from New Orl acx
I either of Haven's Colleges: New York N.Y.; Philadelphia Trains: and 4 have through Pullman Reclining -
)i?>>a,; Chicago, 111.; Cincinnati. 0.; San Francisco Cat Chair and Sleeping! Cars to and from

BAY AND PINE.. STREETS, ROT..'NOT Orlando.Trains 9 and 10 have through sleeping cars
to and from DPnntak Springs.For .
For preserving Meats, Milk Butter, Syrup maps. rates etc., apply to Company'
Cider, and Fruits and Vegetables of every Agents, or write to
; kind In their natural state. Tasteless, Odor- A. O. ,JTACDONELL,
.. ,: < {:{, :,; I,;> less, Harmless. Enough for five gallons, by Gen.Pass. &Ticket A eent.D. .

: Jacksonville Y_. .,'.,-,. __ ."J.,4.,.. J;_- ...'.",. "" ,{FlorIda mall, |1. Intelligent Agents Wanted. E. MAXWELL, Gen. SnptJacksonvllle
,: < ." : ...,.. .'J ":;;' ':\ .: :.'1t -, I. : .. KING'S A.&P.AGENCY,779 2d Ave.,N.T.City. ,FlA

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.... .' ", 'C- ''-'' ".""... : ,<;.i.; .y.. "... .:';:.(;1-....' ...-4. .. <>-r',' .,:.. -.' ?t-- .." .
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(i .







TREES. .: The Largest and Most South Complete. Establishment CLYDE'SNew '

,. FOBSum.mer- York, Charleston Florida.

-: A Planti; 'ng'. jl STEAMSHIP LINE.

L The elegant Steamers of this Line are appointed to sail for CHARLESTON &: NEW YORK

., From JACKSONVILLE,............ ...........................:.....:Every TAURSDAY.From .
f FERNANDINA..........;........................:..-....... .....Every SUNDAY.In .
I Budded,, Tree of Choice Varieties I. connection.with FLORIDA RAILWAY AND NAVIGATION COMPANY.
From Jacksonville.

t SEMINOLE (New)..................................,...............Thursday,June 2,at l:00pm
$4 to 114 inches diameter, two year old buds. CHEROKEE (New)....... -.........................................Thursday,June 9,at 6:30am:
Also Hour Seedlings sizes. For sale cheap. SEMINOLE (New)..................................u.........ro'..Thnrsda>',June 16,at 12:00 m
I A. II. 1UANVILLE CHEROKEE(New)................................................Thursday, June 23,at 5:00: a m
Jacksonville, Fla. SEMINOLE(New)...... .,.,........, ..-....;...... ......Thursday, June 3i,at 11:30 am
.I i_ Geo: S. Hacker &, Son, These noon train.Steamers touch at Fernandina north bound and sail on arrival of Ja ksonville aiter-

pSE1NE HAYING TOOLS From Femandina.
STANDARD MANUFACTURES OF, Every Sunday afternoon, on arrival of the Florida Railway and Navigation Co's trains

OR STACIISQ DOT.II FIELDS M MOWIMQ. AWAY.III DAMNS Steamship YEMAHSEE...................... .............................,Sunday,June 5pm
'J'h.eola good Bay Carrier and Fork a few boori in catching DOORS SASH BLINDS MOULDINGAnd DELAWARE.....:...........:...........................:.....Sunday,June 12,p m ,
1 lm nay*are ma.y times iu eotU At each times,anything thatcllUatM YEMASSEK: ..................... .................::.............Sunday June 19,p m
t UM kindling of haIMMU the rUt from bad weather. Building Material. DELAWARE....."........................ ......................Sunday,June 26,p m
e Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 29 E. R.,New York, every TUESDAY and FRIDAY .
Office' and Warerooms, King,op. Cannon'St. ,at 3 p. m. Tuesdays' ships for Fernandina and Fridays' ships for Jacksonville.The .

i Charleston S. C. Freight and Passenger Accommodations by this Line ar:)unsurpassed. Every atten
tion will be given business entrusted to the Line. Direct all shipments Irom New .York via ,
CLYDE'S FLORIDA LINE, Pier 29, East River.
t For further information apply

a. Jacksonville,Fla. .,,:
., IWA. 88 Bay St.,cor.Hogan. ,
... 'r'J
\ 'oar-Qlaf Carrier. THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager, WM. P. CLYDE &: CO.. Gen.Agents,
Q 35 Broadway,N. Y. 12 South Wharves,Philadelphia,,35 Broadway, N. Y.
ttii I ratnnfaotnre Antl-Trletlon.'Rewrtble.' Swivel ami'Rod Red Spanish or Key Largo, Large, 118.50per .-
Carrier. Harpoon and Grapple HorN! Ha. Forks, Poltert\ 1.000; $115 per 10,000.
floor Hanks,CM. .Also the'e.lebratNI Hallway Pnmploc anH Spanish or Key Largo,Small?11.50 per 10'0 000
.. 50,000 Orange Peachy "
feared Wind Mills Corn Shelters Feed, Mill SlaU Cutter l.C(00; $9.)per 1.',000. '<
none Power, Jacks Tanks Pumps ef. Send for catalogue .
end prine! *. AemtU wanted' In all nnit-1nird' territnrv.1J Porto Ilico.Birdseye,Sugar Loaf and Egyptian -
..8.WIND ENGINE PUMP CO., Batavia, lit Queen. ,$1.25 per dozen; 7.50 per 100.
,j Cave iidisti Banana, Suckers, not TREES.
Eyes, $8: per 100.
NOTICE. Carefully packed and delivered at freight-

1 house free of charge. .. Orders booked now for Fall delivery of every:variety of tree,both? fruit and ornamental, '
Terms, Cash with order.
,Knowall men by these presents, that L. P, References Wm. A. Bours, Tysen, Smith including the best varieties of ORANGES and LEMONS; ,,Peen-To, Bid well, Honey
Grant. A. J. Orme. D. C. Allen A. O. Mac- <& Co.
Donel, G. A. Whitehead and J. H. Porter, JOHN B. BEACH anti otl er varieties PEACHES; Kelsey, Botankio, Masu and other varieties of JAPAN
under and In accordance with the provisions ,
of an Act of the Legislature of the State of Indian River Nurseries, PLUMS; seven varieties JAPAN PERS.MMONS; White Adriatic FIGS; Olives,Grape,

Florida, Providing, have associated for the-,themselves Creation under Corporations t ,Melbourne. Florida. Nut Trees, etc.; : lirevilleas Acacias, Poincianas, Biotas another ORNAMENTALS(pot

the name of THE HOMOSASSA REAL grown).'
place of, business at Jacksonville, Florida. VILLA SITES FRUIT ..-WrIte for advance prices on orders booked previous to July ,1887. .
The.object of the Company.will beta buy and .
sell Lands and Timber, and transact such H. L. WHEATLEY, Altamonte Nurseries,
other business.. as may be necessary for the LANDS: '
welfare of the Company. The Capital Stock ALTAMONTE, ORANGE COUNTY, FLORIDA. ,
or said Company is Fifty Thousand Dollars
($50OJO: ). The Shares to be paid up in full HUNTING DOGS
when Issued. The Company begins its business SAVINGS ; 1
from the date of filing its Articles of In- FLORIDA. BANKAND .: .
corporation,viz: May 3d. 1887 and will run ANDFANCY -.,'-- =a '
for Ten Years from Fald date. Its Officers to ,
consist of a President,,VIce-Pt eFidcnt, Secretary POULTRY. REAL ESTATE EXCHANGE Y-
and Treasurer and a Board of Three Directors ;
,to be elected on the Second Monday .JACKSONVILLE, FLA., .?. :* *
of February in each year. The highest A.,. .T::.. A.D, A.MS': I Has for sale choice Lota Orange Groves and Wild Lands. Allows interest on deposits,Col-?-"i :
amount of Indebted nem the Corpoiatlon I, :" '
lects Rents and Interest,Negotiates Loans,eta -X
at any time subject itself to is Ten Per Cent. MANATEE, FLA., .I" :
of.the Capital Stock, viz: 15000. J. C. GREEI"EY, President. I.. D. HO'' 11IEB, Treasurer .,.
(Signed, ) L. P. GRANT, Notary Public and Justice of the Peace.. ;:'If;_"'
, t D. C. ALLEN, Has for tale one thousand acres of'choice SUNSET HILL NURSERIES.
e MACDONELL, 'land on.Manatee river, In sight of Manatee, '
G.. H.A.WHI'rEHEADJ. PORTER. ttralcdentown. Ellenton and Palmetto) ands Catalogues,with practical hints to new beginners free on application. Our list includes
ts manufacturers' agent lor Wire Fencing .the choicest varieties of the Citrus family grown. Also, ,
1Farmers'1- Poultry Netting, Lime, Cement Fertilizersand 5
and Cat : Plantation Supplies, Cracked ,rornand Peaches, Pears, Plums,. Grapes, and other Fruits., i
Wagons Mice,Qra ulated Lime,Rock and !heli. Cat '
Our stock is one of the largest in the State. Thornless and Early Fruiting:varieties a
--:: tle and Poultry *eed ground to order In specialty. '
If you want a first-class' "agOI&.Jf" Can ,team mill on premises.Has 'u. W. PIERCE.
Cash call on < also breeding kennels of acclimated
Cheap for fH. Indian
Springs Co.
,Orange ,Fla.
D. ZAHM, Laverack and Irish Setters, Irish bull Ter-
riers. Slow-ttail Bloodhounds and Colorado
Jacksonville Fla. Catch or Tiger Dogs (for wild hogs, bear and '
Office, H.Berhvck'i. Store, East Bay Btrect.FarmWigonhtrom.$35.o0tO$12.VU. tramps). Deer Island Gardens and Nurseries. -'\::0/ I!

Carta and Drays from...........925.00 to S28.11? OUR POULTRY YARDSare OAKLAND, ORANGE CO., ,FLA. '' :.d..

well-stocked with freshly Imported male Pot Grown, Semi-Tropical Fruit and Ornamental Trees, Plants and "
Oranges and Lemons! birds which are mated with carefully selected Vines. No Loss in Transplanting. .:
hens of our own raising each varietYbelng ;'
Catalogue and Price List Free,on application to the Manager. Address
allotted to separate enclosures a lorty-acre
orange grove. Fggs carefully packed in bas- A. E. CHAMPLIN '
Vonslgn-men's solicited. Liberal advances kets at following prices: Oakland,Orange Co.,Fla. '
made would be pleased to correspond with White Leghorns (Knapp's), Pit Games 1
parties desiring to ship here. ((Heathwoods), Plymouth Rocks (Hawkins),
Summers.Morrison &.co., Game Uatams(Shouldlngs), Light Brahmas Greenhouse and Bedding Plants, Palms Etc.
Williams Rouen and Ducks ,
( ), Muscovy ,fl.W
174 South Water 8t.Chlcago.: per thirteen. .
Refer to Metropolitan National Bank, Chicago Clalborne and Cuban Games Silver Bearded
Our stock of the above is most extensive and varied. As we the
grow leading classes in
; J.IV.'iFarwelljA Co.: Chicago. and Crested Polish, W.F.Hlack buff
Cochins.Golden Laced Seabrights and imperial very large,quantities,we are enabled to quote at unusually low prices. New Catalogue will J

WhIte Pekln Ducks,$1.50 per thirteen. be mailed free to all applicants. Address ::.'.'
ARE VOU INTERESTED IN POULTRY White Crested Black Polands, Houdans, "
POI1 TRY BOOK., WyandottesPrestons( ,), Laogshans (Crouds), P. J. BEKCKMANS, '.:
>100 Prttctictti i colored pl Boneys Brown Leghorns.$2.00 per thirteen. Fruitland Nurseries,
pp : ,
entn'&vlnn ana OMonpwaa e oi *u Bronze and Seminole Tur&eys, $3.00 pernine. 43-No agents employed.- ;"'
Augusta. Ga.
for z
breedtt; how to ciponire; puna "J'
pool ybooses; about incr. stars; Booted White Cuban Carrier Pigeons. ,$1.50.
and. whMe. to bay Kf g and Fowls. per pair. ; R.e-v. :
Mailed for 1 FANCIER? ; : L.yeD1an.: JheJ.psjt': : .
( h t3tg'leiu' rr SAN FORD. FLORIDA. f
$ZOO '. J.

House Sign and Ornamental PREPARED FOBOranges ;.,.:'yea
Trees and other Fruits and Plantation and Garden Crops, '.';


Special attention given to Frescoing, Paper FOR, THE'MONEY.' Vermin-Feeding' Compounds used in the Manufacture of these Goods..,
Hanging, Graining and Boat Painting. -
Write for Cloitratad Descriptive Circular. I The highest grade goods are tne best and cheapest,and these goods meet the want. Man. .
Fourth Street and Adeline AVe., Springfield, RICHMOND:MACHINE WORKS m d'Dlhta. years' tests find them to be all that is claimed for them. References can be given but It t ',
,. JACKSONVILLE FL A. I ; ,needless where goods are so well known. It can be truthfully said that these are the itandard. '''.

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