The Florida dispatch
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055757/00044
 Material Information
Title: The Florida dispatch
Uniform Title: Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: The Florida Dispatch Line
Place of Publication: Live Oak Fla
Creation Date: October 25, 1886
Publication Date: -1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Live Oak (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Suwannee County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Suwannee -- Live Oak
Coordinates: 30.294444 x -82.985833 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1876.
Dates or Sequential Designation: -new ser. v. 9, no. 3 (Jan. 21, 1889).
General Note: D.H. Elliott, editor.
General Note: Published at: Live Oak, Fla., <June 20, 1877>-Feb. 11, 1880; and at: Jacksonville, Fla., Feb. 18, 1880-Jan. 21, 1889.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 5 (May 8, 1876).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038464
oclc - 01386590
notis - AKM6254
lccn - sn 95026759
System ID: UF00055757:00044
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1887)
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

Full Text


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Clm. \Y. DaCosa ( Jacksonville Fla. October 25 1886. .r. a...,'" Established 1809.New .
'I Proprietors Monday, I
A. 11. Manvilie, j t; -.' \ Series: Vol. 5, No. 43.

_.-_ .__. i..,... 1i
It 1trees '

OJ.laJ.1 e. C J.101le May lemon 18. 400 trees two...-.year.........old.......orange.......... ..and....... 44 80 the sun. A year or more later the t i contained in a nine-year-old ;'
1 :May HI, 20,21. Hauling trees and water, smaller twigs and fragments of bark grove in Putnam county, Florida. The '.;
-- _..,,-- --- ..- setting trees, and finishing bUrnIng -
out stumps and clearing out are added to the leaves and when the Florida oranges are much larger than .. ":.
WHAT A GROVE COSTS. loads, making one gateway al.d
and cleaning up generally, four ground is plowed a most valuable the Mediterranean ; they also excel.'
men and team three days............ 23 25 '
Not Guess-work but Actual Cost-- May 22. Paid G. & P. for fence wire and dressing of vegetable matter is incor- the latter, being richer in flavor and ..
staples,........ .._... ............ ........... 34 74
Advantages of Deadening :May 22. Paid for lumber for bars........- 20 porated in a soil whose greatest wantis better in quality.-G. W.. W.:, in English *J:
: the Timber. July 1. b31 pounds fertilizer.....-............ 9 03 '" ,
July 1 Hauling same...... ................._ 50 humus. At the end of three years Paper. ':', ,

What does an orange grove cost ? July days Appiylngsameand................................hoeing.... ..,.two..... 2 50 your grove is well established and the --. .--- .
This question is anxiously asked Sept. 15. Hoeing trees, one iiid. one-: Mr. C. W. Hawkins of Lake
by half days............................................ 1 87 decaying timber begins to be dangerous. George, '
those- j who- contemplate* r "* 'planting! and Jan.Jan.28.23 18H6.Hauling 300 pounds and applying fertilizer..same........ 5 10 Then chop it down. All the says that a large quantity of early : ,

.in rjBpiycvery various? and"COQfl.tct.j; g April three 1, days.ttb& .Care.........and.........oversight.......*.................-:'.-.3-'<75.* t jrranchea and much of the bark will ,oranges are.being shipped_Y North which. .' ,,

estimates are made and submitted. Orange grove, one year.............._.._ 30 00 break into fragments so small the plow bring good returns:/and meet wIth .

These estimates from their irrecon- Total..................._............................ $625 26 will dispose of them. Cut up the bod ready sale.
cilable differences These trees fine and not .I
leave the
inquirer grew very
ies in foot and in
some ten lengths pile One of the New Orleans Italians
puzzled and makes the impression on one died. They were budded in June,
the checks midway between the ruins. who
his mind that it is very much a latter 1886, half lemons and half oranges, are buying oranges at Leesburgwent
In three more the wood anda
years sap down to Akin Stivender's
of those and in splendid condition.I grove,
guess-work on the part of are
of the hearts will be
large part
the other and had talk
day, a long
furnishing the estimates. Thinkingthat wish to say a word here about the
oughly rotted and can be spread and with him about his The
plan of the timber insteadof buying crop.
perhaps inquirers might appre-
plowed in like a manure pile. Those New Orleans gentleman did all his
ciate of the making a naked clearing it has
a statement actual cost as as
hearts that remain sound valuablefor
are talking in Italian and Akin
it occurs 'in actual practice, I send been referred to in the DISPATCH as a repliedin
rails and, fuel. The cost of
English ; and now Akin is going all
you herewith a copy from my booksof "shiftless, cracker way. I came to
clearing a lot after it has been dead over town trying to find out whetheror
the, expense incurred in making a Florida many years ago with these
three is about of the
years not he has sold his
grove of ten acres t rIr.. Geo. E. same prejudices very strong againstthe cost of clearing green timber. In fact, --- ... orange crop.

Canfield, of St. Paul, Minn., and cul- shiftless cracker deadening. I the interest for three years on the cost of Persons who have oranges ripe ..

tivating it for one year. This state- cleared off every tree and stump and clearing green timber will nearly clear enough for ,eating will do well to be-

ment is taken at random from a large planted to oranges and lemons twenty- the deadening. But after all, the begin shipping early. Good prices will

number of groves. I have made and five acres of heavy pine timber. I great gain is in the superior vigor of begin from the start and will no doubt

is about what should. be the averagein think I have learned something by ex- the young grove the first few years and continue through, the season. The

this high pine land in the central perience and I can now see that the the great improvement to the soil by owners of orange-groves: with full cropsare

portion of the lake region : crackers". were right and I was the shade and added humus. to be envied, and sections where

1885. COST OF GROVE. wrong. DUDLEY W. ADAMS. the orange hap 'escaped serious injuryby
Ten aores choice high pine land (no A'deadening: is vastly superior to a
underbrush)._._............................. 3100 00 Tanglerine, Orange Co., Fla., October 16, 1886. last winter's cold will be thrown on
April 6. Chopping down timber and' naked clearing in economy and favor- -*-<
moving It before the plow, and a big boom.-Ocala Banner.Mr. .
deadening timber,ono day........._. 1 25 able conditions for the growth and The Florida Orange. .

April moving Chopping it before down the timber plow, and and health of the newly set grove. That Florida is specially adaptedto Hermenson showed us shipping

deadening timber, two days....... ... 250 As the timber is deadened it the of the is
April Making fence posts, one day. 1 25 soon as growth orange-tree receipts on four boxes of oranges, ,

April three, 10 day, 11.......Mak.........ng.......fence.......-..posts........., 3 75 ceases to make damaging draughts on evidenced by the fact that in European shipped by him to Christianna, Nor- "*t!

April April Ii.18, U.Setting Setting posts posts and two burning days.out..... 2 50 the soil and it makes a semi-shade on groves the trees do not fruit until theyare way. From Sanford to New York the '

April old stumpS1 ng three ten days acres at tr2.50--per. 3 75 the ground very grateful to the young sixteen years old ; whilst instancesare freight was sixty-five cents per box,

acre_ ..._............... ........m........_... 25 00() tree in its new quarters. It also breaks by no means uncommon in Floridaof and from New York to Christianna,
April 17. Hauling posts and braces...... 100
April Staking out ground for grove 3 75 the sweep of the wind and thus decreases trees having been in bearing for a seventy-five cents. When the difference
April 18. Burning pines near the stakes .
and cutting up same, five days 6 25 f he evaporation from the tree season or two by the time they are in distance is considered the discrep, ;< .
April 19. Burning pines uearthestakes
and cutting up same, two and cue' and the soil in which it is placed. eight old.Ve visited in Malta in American rates is '
halt days......>...__._...... .....-.._. 3 12 years ancy astonishing,
April:20. Building fence, ............ ..-.....- -t is After a while the leaves begin to come a representative bearing orange grove, and shows how' much our transportation -
April 21. 1111 ng logs four days.?.-.......... 6 UO
April 22. Piling brush and lining upstages down and cover the ground with a thin and we can only say that there was lin.have yet to learn of their
,three days......_...._........_ 3 15 iSr>-
May 1. Clearing out;road and finish mulch, retaining moisture and protecting not a single specimen therein approaching duty to elproducer.-Sanford. Journal .
!ing brush stakes .
half da)'...and....._:........ ,.one........and._...one-. ..... 1ST '.the soil from the. blazing rays of the size of the seedling .

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Apiary. they come hurrying home with their The Orchard: FIGS.

last load of the day, is surprised by a
AVariety that Will Stand Shipping.Editor .
sudden flash of red and "the
Bee Enemies in Florida.NO. that knew him shall know him no I send you herewith a few figs
Why Does it Shed its Fruit? this from shrubs
more forever,. By a lightning-like gathered morning
from cuttings put into the
movement of the tongue, the toad grown
Some in the DISPATCH of
one September last autumn. They are said
King birds, or bee martins, as theyare takes them in, and the "shining hour" 6th, asks why his Japan per ground by experts to be of the Brown Turkey,
aften called here has no further interest for them. simmons have trifle the birds are
are usually dropped, though they are a under-ripe, as
found quite plentiful about every large If the hives are set upon stands have set plenty of fruit for the past too fond of them to risk them to hang
out of reach of the toads, they can do another day. You will notice that
apiary in this State. From their perch two seasons. Now that same questionis
but little but I had much they are more solid and have more
some tall pine tree or other damage ; Some
upon bothering me badly. ten compact centers than the ordinary varieties -
elevated object about the place, they rather have my hives close to the years since, a friend of mine in Arkansas and when fully ripe they are

,f. dart out upon the unwary bees and ground; BO that when an overloadedbee where I was living, got some persimmon the sweetest of any of the four varieties -

"scoop them in," then returning to failing to reach the alighting scions from California and I on my place. Having occasion

the perch they wait patiently for the board, as many of them do when grafted them into the small limbs of a last autumn to remove a fig tree to
make for I cut off all
place building,
next whose is the for honey is plenty, drops upon the native in his
coming signal a persimmon tree yard. the limbs and headed back to the
repetition of the little game so much ground, she can climb in on foot, even Out of six grafts set, two grew, andas main stem. These branches I cut into (

enjoyed by the birds, but terrible hard though a toad does get a square meal they seemed to put vigor into the slips about eight inches long and

on the bees. Quite a number tof occasionally. Toads can be trappedby native, it made a fine tree, and began buried them to the depth of four

writers for the bee journals used to holes dug in the ground, where they to bear fruit the second year. I have inches, all together. In the spring I

contend, and try to prove, that these will& fall into them*, killed with a stick. been there several times since, have started separated, and them placed, the about roots fifty having in

birds only took drone bees and for or cruelly sent off to die by sprinkling seen the tree full of fine fruit, and nursery rows, giving the remainder to

that reason done but little harm. I salt on their wet backs; but I value have never seen or heard of its ever neighbors. These began to fruit in

think most well informed apiarists are them, as I do the birds, too highly as dropping. That was the only tree 1 August and during September and
since they have given me a few daily
friends to destroy them. They be
now convinced of the error of this knew of there. I often saw trees purchased
until and will continue to
now ripen
and the of the fenced out of the apiary by one widthof from nurseries. I
theory, although presume them until frost. They are now from
crops, when the bird are shot in the board_ set on edge, or they may be they were imported, and the winters two to four feet high and I shall trans

act of catching bees, is so mutilated picked up and carried to the garden, killed them. Dudley W. Adams, at plant to the orchard as soon as the
where they will wonderfully well leaves fall. They are the only variety
as to be unrecognizable as a rule, pay Tangierine, in this county, has 250 or
for the trouble. that I have seen which will safely bear
. few question the fact of their 300 trees of several varieties, buddedon transportation to New York, and if I
taking not only the large slowflyingdrone When I was quite a small boy I the natives ; many of them are could get no other I would not take a

but the heavily-laden worker :I was one evening about to "whack" a fine trees, and the past season, in hundred dollars for the poorest tree

also, and what is still worse, occasionally toad that I found among the flowers June, they were just full of fruit, an which is now bearing vigorously.
in our front yard, when father HARRISON REED.
snapping up a young queen my average of 300 fruits to the tree. In
noticing what I was about to do, Jacksonville, Fla.,Oct. 14,Ih86.
her I visited them
while out on wedding tour. July and nearly all the
These and other birds like the said," No, don't do that, it would be fruit had dropped. In my migrationsabout The figs are of first quality, unusually -
both cruel and wasteful. That toadis solid and of fine grain. They
swallow, mocking bird and blue jay the State I occasionally find a

that are guilty of the same offense, worth twenty-five cents in any gar- tree holding its fruit, but s'i far as my would carry safely by express to eas
den for the injurious insects that he tern markets They are lighter in
but in a less degree, can be greatly information goes such trees have been
reduced in numbers and the balance will destroy." I soon workel my from some nursery. Root grafts, in color and more elongated than any
way into the confidence of the batra- Brown Turkey we ever saw. Gov.
from the immediate all
frightened away probability, are imported stocks.
chian, and during the close acquaintance I II I Reed makes the fig a specialty, and
neighborhood of any apiary by the repeated I do not remember to have seen a tree'
which followed, I proved all that this late ripening sort which he esteems
use of a gun loaded with fine on our native stock perfecting its
father had said and He most of all his varieties is certainly anacquisition.
shot. All of these bird, however, my fruit. The native persimmon here, I
add greatly to the attractiveness of took up a homestead claim in the think, is of a different family or strain .-ED.

any one's home by their sprightlyways flower garden and a residence under a from that of Arkansas. .- .

graceful forms and sweet car- large granite door-step, and there he Now I am at a great loss to understand Correction.

rolings, but better still in the eyes of still lives and labors, a fat, comfort-, these peculiarities of this valuable Editor Will FLORIDA you be DISPATCH kind enough: to let me
able old fellow of six
the practical bee-keeper who couples twenty- years of fruit. I will be glad to hear make a little correction in my article,
age at least, and if a summer has ever '
gardening, farming or fruit-raising from any one whose experience has "Northern Varieties in South Flor-

with his apiarian work, for every bee gone by since his fiat narrow escape, turned out any better than mine. I ida," in the October 4th No., where I

they appropriate they pay many times ; and my lesson in mercy and agricultural have a good many trees wild on my say of the Honey, "This valuable

over by destroying insect enemies and I economy, that he has not been grounds that I had expected to graftto peach." I am afraid it don't quite

thereby increasing his crops. I for worth many times twenty-five cents to Japan, but since this question has convey the meaning I wished. I do
mother in her flower beds
one, neither practice or advise the my clearing come up I am holding on. Friend not wish it understood as valuable for
noxious insects it has been since
killing of any of our insectivorousbirds. Adams, last spring, started to graftingat market, for it does not give fruit
old him and I left the
age came upon
dear old home. the collar, thinking that might enough ; but it is so fine in quality,
Another bee enemy, equally destruc- help out. His large trees are the that I would call it valuable for one's

tive in the apiary, or even more so, Experience Wanted. largest I have found in the tate. own use, and your type made me say
but of a less exalted station in life, is Editor FLORIDA DISPATCH: From observations, I am formingan
Will some ot your correspondencein my Mrs. Moss, where it is Mr. Morse.\
the toad. These less. beautiful, but the Bee Department give us their opinion and acting upon it, but as JAMES MOTT.

equally useful friends of the agricul-- experience in honey-producing plants, it is only an opinion, it may b6 worth --- ....

turist, may often be seen about dusk: if any of thf varieties noticed in bee less. I do not state it, for it is facts Mr.\ Levroz, of i'eniel, finds it nec-
have been tried in Florida?
hopping about in the apiary or sitting, journals not opinions wo need and want. essary to gather Japan Persimmons be-
I would like to ask Mr.\ Detwiler or
apparently quiet and sleepy, by the Hart, or any of the leading apiacul- JAMES MOTT. fore they are entirely ripe to preventthe

entrance of some hive. A closer in- turists, if there, is' any objection to the Orlando,-Fla., Oct.- ..16.,*.1886. birds from stealing them, which

spection, however, proves interesting, Heddou hive for bees in Florida,where Stock for the Peach.In they are sure to do, and who could

as by it it will be found that they are comb-honey is the object, and if, in California many are propagatingthe blame them, for the per.-immons are

not as dull and sleepy as appearances their required opiniun her, more'? E.ventilation W. AMSDEN.wouldbe peach on the \Iyroholan-and delicious. He then ripens the fruit in

indicate. One bee after another, as Ormond on-the-Halifax, August 24Ig86. what is the Myrobolan ? a closet covered with flannel cloth.


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.- OCTo 25,1886..] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH. 727
a .
This premium was awarded to the No. 515 over Florida and the other seems to me to be the mot probable
California Mississippi Horticultural Society. Gulf States. one-the one nearest the surfacn \

((6.) "No. 572, best collection not These are just the naked facts with- the only one in sight.
At New Orleans.A less than twenty varieties, grown in out any coloring whatever, and in Success achieved in the face of SUc'
correspondent has sent me an California." "Gold medal and one these facts there is instead of "three a combination of adverse: influen '*H
envelop with the business card of the hundred dollars." gold medals over Florida and the is more than suc'ceS3-it is u grand

Press and Horticulturist, of Riverside, This premium was awarded to the world" but one gold medal ''over victory and speaks in tones that hav.ji .:
California, and a very curious imprint Riverside Fruit Company. Florida and the world" and that a world-wide echo of the great superiority .
upon its face, the whole printed in red. These are all the gold medals for secondary one. of Florida oranges.
With it I have a request for infor- citrus fruits in their regular premiumlist. Florida has no occasion to be JAS. H. WHITE.

mation as to the facts in the case, to ashamed of such results, and whenwe Island Home, Aug 31.1886.
be given through the FLORIDA DIS- ((7.) In addition to these premiumsthe consider the obstacles she had to What Does.
PATCH. Board of Management the 25th encounter in obtaining them, she is
We now turn to this tastefully- day of October, 1884 offered a sweep- worthy of the highest honor. In the history of the United Stati-s

wrought imprint-all in red-and stake premium of a gold medal and Some of these obstacles may be there is probably no parallel to the
read "Riverside took three hundred and dollars for the
: oranges two fifty enumerated as follows : recent real estate advance and acti-
gold medals at the 'V 0rld's Expositionover "best collection, by any State, society, 1. One of the judges of Citrus fruits in the cities of Los and
vity Angeles
Florida and the world. individual
or country. was an ardent California partizan as
What a whopper! The daddy of This premium was awarded to the well as a "party in interest." San Diego.As .

all liars never told a bigger one ; andas Florida Fruit-Growers Association.Of From very shame he was compelledto a consequence the attention of

to cheek, it is truly sublime. Here- this premium Parker Earle, resign, but before doing so, he had capitalists and speculators has been
tofore all awards for supreme cheeki- Chief of the Department of Horticulture so manipulated the "scale of points"which turned to the interior, and the effect is
ness have been captured by the "Flor- writes : was the standard of measure-
ida alligator"and"Government mule," "In response to your inquiry I am ment that two of the most prominent already being felt. Real estate acti-
but here comes a new competitor with please 1 to state that the Grand Sweep- points of excellence of Florida or- vity in the country will be as rapid

such overwhelming evidences of supe- stake Premium on Citrus Fruits, viz: anges, viz, "smoothness of peel" and"sweetness" and as vigorous as it has been in the

rioritythat the old contestants at once A gold medal and $250, which was counted for nothing. cities during the past year. This activity -
retire, leaving the Riverside editor in awarded to the Florida Fruit-Growers This was done by pairing "smooth- will exceed anything ever beforeseen
undisputed possession of'; the field. Association was authorized by the ness of peel" with "general appear-
in this State, and will be a fitting
"Three medals Florida Director-General solicita
gold over upon my ance" and "sweetness" with "vinous
. and the world !1" tion.." flavor" or what our California neigh- climax to the upward tendency of the

The falsity of this will appear whenwe We now come back to the- answer bors call "character" as opposed to past six years.
remember that but two gold medals of our questions. "sweetness" which is only another The causes that have acted stronglyand
were offered to California, Florida and 1. How many? for
name sourness. effectively to produce this result
the rest of the world, and only one of There were seven gold medals True, there is such a quality as
were the Chicago citrus fair and the vet-
them awarded to California. offered. "
was "vinous flavor, which is quite distinct -!
"Took three gold medals." Onlyone 2. To whom ? from sourness, but only a culti-i erans' encampment, which has brought

was awarded, and they "took One to foreign countries, two to the vated taste will recognize the differ- thousands of Eastern people tempora-

three." world, which, of course, includes Cali- ence. It is a phrase that is much rily to this country to become enthu-
To "take things" is not an honor- fornia and Florida ; one to the United abused but convenient and use-
very siastic during the worst of the
able way of getting them, and at first States, one to Florida, one to the Gulf ful. It helps the sale, as well as the season
sight, it looks like a slander upon the Coast west of Florida, one to California eating qualities of a sour orange to year. They believe: that if this is the

Riverside people. ; total, 7. call its sourness a "vinous flavor." worst the best must be worth staying
But I see-it is"Riverside oranges"that For only three of these Californiaand 2. The Florida entries were made for.-Press and Horticulturist.
have done this thing. But seri-- Florida came in competition, and long before those of California. For .
ously what are the facts in the case. only these will receive any further at- premium No. 511 C. B. Magruder Stolen Premiums.Editor .

An answer to three questions will tention at our hands, for it is of no entered twenty varieties, and for pre- FLORIDA DISPATCH:

compass the whole subject : particular interest to us as to who was mium No. 515 0. P. Rooks the same Why did California get the pre-
1. How many gold medals were awarded the premium that was offeredto number, supposing the entries were to mium on Oranges at New Orleans Ex-

offered ? California only. be confined to that number of varie position ? JNO. PATTERSON. D.
2. To whom offered ? Two of the three to the
were they were open ties. Auburndale, Fla., Oct. 14, 1886.
3. To whom were they awarded.To world. The bald facts Florida and
For each of these premiums the are won
prevent repetition, I will give I The principal one, "The Grand
Riverside Fruit Company entered awarded the
the three facts in regard to each pre- Sweepstake Premium," was awardedto was sweepstakes over
mium as they are named. The quota- Florida over California and the fifty-one varieties. California and the world and California -
tions are from the original premium world. The points of excellence of each was awarded two minor premiumsfor

list. "Oranges." The remaining one (No. 511) was variety was estimated separately, and which Florida competed, the latter
(1.) "No. 507. Best collection not awarded to California "over Florida the average of the varieties of Florida
obtained however
were by the most
less than twenty varieties from any and the world." fruit was nearly twenty per cent.
above those of the California fruit. bare-faced chicanery with the conni -
foreign country. Gold medal and So if our California neighbor had
100 dollars." claimed that "Riverside oranges took The Florida collections were there- vance of partial officials. Florida in

This premium was awarded to the one gold medal at the World's Expo- fore "the best collections" and as such both competitions was restricted to

State of Sonora, Mexico. sition over Florida and the world"he were entitled to premiums No. 511 twenty varieties when she had one
(2.) 'No. 511. Best collection, not had told only the truth but very and 515. Each of these premiumswas
less than twenty varieties from any far from the whole truth. The whole offered for the "best collection," hundred and twenty ready for entry,
but they were each awarded to the California, whose exhibit was exam-
State or foreign country. Gold medal truth had been that the first or princi-
and 100 dollars." pal premium was awarded to Florida, largest but not the "best collection." ined some weeks later, was allowed to

This premium was awarded to the while California's one gold medal w sonly Quality was the basis of the offer but enter fifty-two varieties, all she had.
the awards were made on the basis of
Riverside Fruit second
Company. secondary or premium. Florida's far better
(3.) "No. 515. Best collectiou, not Speaking of the one awarded to quantity, and by so doing the judges
violated the conditions of the than any twenty California hadbutshe
not less than twenty varieties grownin Florida, Parker Earle writes : "The express
the United States. Gold medal and Florida fruit-growers have taken this offer. This strange proceeding of lost the premiums simply because

100 dollars." the greatest honor offered by my de course had a cause. California was subsequently allowed

This premium was awarded to the partment. This brings us to another obstaclein fifty points out of seventy on entering.The .
Riverside Fruit Company. Premium No. 515 was offered onlyto the way of Florida's success.
((4.) "No. 562. Best collection, not the United States,and was awardedto 3. The judges at the time the waters of the Atlantic and

less than twenty varieties grown. in California.The awards were made and for some time those of the Indian river met in the
Florida. Gold medal and 100 doll substance of all this may be before, were the guests of the California -
new canal last week. It is probablethat
follows Commissioners. I do not that
lars.l brefly expressed as : say
the boat Chester will be
This premium was awarded to E. 1. Florida was awarded the sweepstake this was the cause of the apparent disposition dredge
H. Hart, of Federal Point, Florida. premium over California and to favor California in open through to Titusville within a few

(5.) "No. 567. Best collection, uot the world. violation of the principles of justice days.
less than twenty varieties grown on the 2. California was awarded premiumNo. and the express conditions named in 1--*
Gulf Coast west of Florida. Gold 511, over Florida and the world. the offer of these premiums but suchan Poor tools on the farm mean poor
medal and 100 dollars." 3. California was awarded premium act must have had a cause and this work, hard work and slow work.


\ .-_ J. to v. ,. -; .< .,r c. "



'er r ___# -


,. .- .
.- "

Vegetable Qauden February and March. Where land is fhife! frees. Pecans--Wash for Tree Wounds,
an object they are put in drills about ] Etc.

. fifteen inches apart, to allow of culti-- --- ---....,.. Editor of FLORIDA DISPATCH:

FERTILIZER. vation with the plow, and the sets far PECANS IN FLORIDA. Please favor me with a reply to the
enough apart in the drill to admit a and
following questions, oblige
A Good Formula for Home Manu- hoe between them. This A Grove of Several Hundred Trees-- :
\ facture. greatly reduces Finer Nuts Than Grow in 1. Where can I procure a pound of
the cost of cultivating. The sets
Texas. the celebrated "paper shell" pecans?
Editor FLORIDA DISPATCH: are pressed into the earth along the Editor FLORIDA DISPATCH. I think they are largely grown in
The sandy soils of Florida do not
line of drill, just enough to put them Seeing a letter from Mr. J. B. Ley, North Florida and Louisiana.
differ very much from the "drift"which out of sight. Cultivation consists in
of Palatka, in the DISPATCH of Oct. 2. How i ill grafting-wax made ?
I cultivate here. I find cottonseed the light stirring of the surface and I want something to cover the cuts
meal, acid phosphate and kainit, keeping entirely free from grass and 4th, regarding his pecan grove, and as made by saw and pruning.knife.

give satisfactory results not only weeds. When the bulb begins to grow considerable attention is being givento SUB9CRI ER.
very rapidly, the dirt is drawn away from planting pecans, I have concludedto Hlllsborough County,Fla.Oct., 18 6.
upon field cr ps but "pon vegetables, them and full opportunity to expand write a few lines regarding my REPLY !-The largest, finest and
by varying the proportions to suit the given them. The Weatbersfield Redis
thinnest-shelled Pecans
in the Blackwater we ever saw
crop. For a general formula for perhaps the hardiest and most easily pecan grove "
and whilst I do not wish to a were raised on the upper "coast,
I would the follow- raised. ThetYellow Danvers is a good say
vegetables suggest
word \ (Mississippi river) near Baton Rouge,
and popular variety. The Silver Skinis against Mr. Ley's trees "thirty

ing : popular, but not so productive as years old from seed" and "some few of La. These were at least twice as
1000 pounds cotton-seed meal], 700 the above. You will find
prices quotedin the largest trees yield annually an large as the ordinary wild Texas
acid phosphate and 300 kainit, using the city they
I papers; vary very average of one bushel each," please Pecan ; dark and rough looking on
heavy applications broadcast and much from two to five dollars a barrel.
the outside full of and tender
-Atlanta Dixie Farmer. allow me to say that 1 have pecan ; sweet
200 pounds per acre in the drill. Ex- trees from thirty to forty years old meat, and so thin shelled]] that they

cept English peas and tomatoes, all More About Onions. that yield annually from 125 poundsto could be easily cracked by placing twoor

vegetables require very heavy man- Professor C. V. Riley believes that 500 pounds without fertilizers of three at one time in the hand
uring. These two do better well man-
the onion crop can be grown success- any kind excepting oyster-shells placed and giving them a muscular grip.
ured in the drill on moderately fertile
We for seed from
fully, even in a marked cut-worm sea- around each a year or so ago. I have purchased some a
soil. For tomatoes I have found
the seventy bearing trees ranging from St. Charles or Carondelet street fruit-
son, by adopting following measures
nothing better than a gallon of green :I : fifteen to forty years old, and several erer, paying fifty cents per pound,

cotton-seed to the hill applied a foot As a preventive treat the land earlyin hundred younger ones in grove form.I when the ordinary Texas nut could be

beneath the surface with plants set spring with a mixture of lime and claim my pecans to be the pure had for fifteen cents. If you have a

deep in the ground.The ashes, preferably wood ashes. This soft shell variety, pronounced to be friend or correspf} ndent in the "Cres-
above formula will answer for mixture should be lightly spread over "
"far superior to the Texas variety." cent City, he can, probably look up
the land after plowing and harrowedin.
Irish potatoes. The ingredients
may I of these Pecans for
Miss Helen Harcourt makes mentionof some superior you.
If, after the seed is sown and the
be used immediately after mixing, but
plants begin to come up, the worms them in her new book on "Florida If you have no acquaintance in New

care must be used to pulverize the 'I appear and threaten damage, employthe i Fruits, in the chapter on Pecans." In Orleans, write Col. S. M.\ Wiggins, or

kainit thoroughly. poisoned ball system, which, in my opinion, a pecan tree twenty years Major A. W. Rountree, of that city,
brief consists in placing along the
Experimental Station, Auburn, Alabama rows, at a distance of fifteen or twenty old, ought to bear from 150 pounds enclosing stamps, etc., and you will]],

Oct. 15, 1886.( feet apart, small bunches of fresh cut to 200 pounds. Say 150 pounds probably, get a reply. It may be well]],

Onion Culture. grass or other green plant; cabbage with forty trees to an acre and at say also, to address H. B. Dumas, Esq., St.

You will greatly oblige a friend by leaves answer a good purpose. These only five cents per pound we have a Augustine, Florida. This gentlemangrows

giving us an article on onion culturefor bunches of grass or green plant shouldbe very snug income. I have never had excellent Pecans, and has, here
market. Please tell what kind previously sprinkled with Paris
us tofore sent fine
trouble us
selling largest at fifty very
of land is best adapted to the crop ; green or London purple. Should the any my
still in numbersby cents pound, and others at fifteento 2. The best application made for
what the best variety to plant ; what worms appear great per
kind of fertilizer and how much per migration from surrounding fields, twenty cents p r pound for eating. wounds made in pruning trees,is Down-

acre. I speak of land that is capableof sprinkle the ground at night, while The tree is easily raised from the seedor ing's shellac varnish, made thus: Takea

producing ten bushels of corn per the worms are at work, with a diluted by transplanting, and once up and quart of alcohol, and dissolve in it
emulsion of kerosene. A Goshen
without How should
acre manure.
firmly set, is hard to kill. It requires as much gum shellac as will make a
has used kerosene for
the land be prepared, and what dis- grower pure
tance should the seed or sets be killing the worms, simply blackening, no baby nursing, or extra attention liquid of the consistency of paint. Ap--

planted ? What is the usual value of not killing, the onion tips. The free only keep the weeds and grass ply this to the wound with a common

onions in marketT.. J. J.ANSWER. use of pure kerosene may injure the down, and caterpillar nests away, and painter's brush ; always paring the

.-First select as level a plants, hence an emulsion is recom- the trees will take care of themselvesand wound smoothly first with a sharp
piece of land as possible land liable mended as safer and cheaper. The
; knife. The becomes
bid defiance to cold or heat and liquid perfectlyhard
kerosene is emulsified with milkin
to wash is unsuitable to this crop, as soap or
it is shallow rooted and easily washed order that it may readily dilute with eventually, yield a handsome and sure adheres closely, excludes the

out of the ground. A loamy, friable water. There is little doubt but that return. I cultivate all around my air perfectly, and is affected by no

soil, well filled with humus, is the by little spraying of the fields at night trees and it really seems to do !them changes of weather; while, at the same

best; but the onion is not choice ; will with this mixture the worms can be good instead of injury. Florida does time, its thinness offers no resistance to
on almost soil provided it destroyed by wholesale. It should be
grow any the of bark that closes
fine raised in lip new gradually -
produce as as
is rich-this it .must be. After the used most thoroughly at the points in pecans
land is well broken, manure must be the field where the worms are first no- the world, and why go to Texas for over the wound. Keep the com-

scattered broadcast, and harrowed, ticed at work, and from which they the seed or young trees, when theycan position in a well corked bottle, sufficiently i-

not plowed in. On such land as you spread to surrounding points. be gotten right at home and wide mouthed to admit the

describe, not less than thirty two- raised on Florida soil. brush, and it will always be ready for

horse wagon loads of first quality stable Market-gardening is more profitablethan ARTHUR BROWN, use.-ED. DISPATCH.
manure acre. Even with that
per general farming, wherever sales Box 4, Blackwater, Fla.
should recommend the
quantity, we Mr. J. L. Cutler brought into our
be made and with moderate
addition of five hundred pounds of can ,
cotton-seed meal per acre. Ten bush- transportation, permitting all productsto At South Lake Weir some grovesare office, on October 6th, a watermelonthat

els of ashes and five of salt in additionto go into use while yet fresh. Such loaded with unusual fine crops of grew on a vine that has been

above will be found advantageous. opportunities, unemployed, may be fruit, and where the orange was taken planted three years on his place near

Onions are sometimes raised in the found in the vicinity of every village off' before the frost the trees are just town. Fires have run over the ground,
South from seed but
sets, and, particularly more generallyfrom those having a few thousand population. bending. It is very singular, but never- no care whatever has been bestowed

grown in the neighborhood of Phila- ... theless true, one can distinguish every upon it, and still it bears every year.

delphia. These are put out either in Peniel, Putnam county, has organ- grove that was gathered before the That watermelon vine has become perennial

the fall (October wad November) or in ized a Horticultural Society. Next. frost. ,; =-For Myers Press.



y.. K



The run as shallow and safely in a grove as pertinently said of the Scuppernongand lrthea
Library a sweep or cultivator.The other varieties of the same type, lFIIl.
chapter on fertilizers gives hintson but little _.
In this department we notice publications space given to "bunch -- ------- -- -- -"'--- -
or value to our farmers, or relating to the about the and "
South. saving waste place, grapes, which in the light of the past Kaffir Corn.
for manurial purposes, and contains years results must be given a prominent
The Fruits of Florida. explicit directions for making a val- place in our catalogue of fruits.
uable in connection with Seeing an article in of
compost; Of our new races of Oriental pears your paper
Florida Fruits and How to Raise T/ m.
By "Helen Harcourt." Revised and En- which the use of commercial fertilizersis the leading sorts now grown for profitare October 4th, page 667, from a gentleman -
larged Edition, with Elaborate Index. suggested. The omission of the described with instructions for in Choctaw county, Alabama, in
John P. Morton & Co., Louisville, Ky.: home-made cotton-seed meal, potashand culture.
relation to Kaffir Corn, and I having
phosphoric acid mixture, now so The fig, a most valuable but much
The new edition of Miss AVarner's generally used with good results, is neglected fruit, receives a chapter, including procured seed of the same from your
work lies before us. It has been en- noticeable. The instructions for the a list of varieties. office last winter, would inform you

larged to a substantial volume of' three application of fertilizers are somewhat"off Our author is not successful in her that I endorse his opinion and believethe
hundred and fifty pages: bound in ," being based the com- of the Much
upon very treatment peach. spaceis Kaffir Corn worthy of all the credithe
handsome rovers. The publishers monly believed, but exploded theory
given to the History of the Peach in
has it. If I
have done work well given was capable of
their seldomsees
one that soils] leach. general, but no mention is made of the
clearer print or more attractive The two chapters on insects:: contain History ')f Peach-Culture in this Stateof using the pen I would be glad to give

exterior. the latest conclusions of our eminent the great attempts and serious the readers of your valuable paper my
The first hundred and fifty pages- entomologists, Messrs.\ Ashmead and failures of past years, and when givenup experience with I the same. I had on
half the book-is devoted to the Hubbard.
failure the introduction of
as a place this season four different
"Orange, "The Rise and Progress of A very sensible chapter on "Gath new strains leading to ultimate suc-
Orange Culture," and "The Value of ering and Packing" is appropriately cess. She attributes failure to want of kinds of millet and of sorghum and na-

Orange Groves," are the initial chap- closed by commending the Florida proper methods, when this was not the tive corn, but none of them stood the
ters. Too high valuation is placed on Fruit Exchange to the considerationof reason at all, but rather the want of drouth like the Kaffir Corn. I be-

grove property. The estimates given shippers.The varieties adapted to the country. The lieve it to be the best plant for grain
belong to the time when orange proves various, and seemingly unan- list of varieties given is very imperfect. and forage that has been intro-
were classed with oil wells and gold swerable the
arguments against possibility The instructions for cultivation are
mines, and are based in every in- of overproduction are given at good, but the elaborate method given duced into South Floriaa.
stance cited on results obtained from length.In for circumventing the borer is irrelevant i S. B. HEWETT.

reclaimed wild groves, which are no commending the eucalyptus for in view of the simpler and more Tavares, Fla., October 11,1&54.Cultivation .
longer a factor in grove-making. These drying low lands, preventing malaria, effectual method practiced.As .
fancy values are misleading now when and eradicating insects, the author for plums, the varieties enumerated of Oats.
prices are determined by the usual overlooks the fact that this tree has ,excepting the Kelsey and Loquat, Oats are capable of receiving won-
standards of legitimate business.In not yet proved successful in Florida do no good here.A derful improvements, both in qualityand
the next thirteen chapters the north of the Belt.
Tropical short chapter on the Japan Persimmon -
quantity, acre. By selectingthe
reader is initiated into the mysteries Barring the statements that the completes the list of fruits. per
of orange-culture, from seed plantingto lemon does not thrive as well on ham- The important subject of Evap mating seeds with great care every season
marketing, including all the "ins mock as on pine land, and that it is Fruits is next considered. It is and by giving the crop deep, clean

and outs" of planting, budding, pru- not as ross a feeder as the orange, rather surprising in a work of this and rich cultivation, seventy-five or
ning, fertilizing, cultivating, etc. both of which are at variance with the kind, that a particular make, among eighty bushels of clean grain might be
Nursery management is treated from facts the devoted the lemon
pages to the excellent patent evaporators,
many raised
the standpoint of the, observer and lime and other citrus fruits, contain, should he endorsed as the best. per acre by good managementjust
amateur. The planting of, seed in as easily as forty by the common
perhaps, the best presentation of this "Odds and Ends" treats of the freeze,
raised beds or bottomless boxes whichis subject yet given to the public, well utilizing surplus, "working"the Japan system of cultivation. Although oats
suggested has no advantage over worth the price of the volume. persimmon and other matters: of interest absorb coarser materials from the soil

level planting in open ground, and Chapter XVIII is an excellent while a chapter of valuable re- : than wheat or barley, th"re is no other
necessitates much extra work in water- treatise Pine Culture in .
on Apple ceipes closes the volume.It .
kind of that will better
grain return
ing, etc. The instructions for bud- Florida ; in speaking of protecting the is the only work extant on the a
ding and grafting are adapted to de- plants from frost the author omits to fruits of this State, and is eminently a compensation in an increase amountof
ciduous trees and Northern work, and say that the area of profitable -pine- readible book. While the"old-timer" grain per acre, in consequence of

do not apply to current practice with apple culture in Florida is limited to may regret that it i is not more strictly the soil being manured, than oats.
citrus trees in this State. Regarding the Tropical Belt where no protectionis Pomological, the"new-comer" will findit Oats flourish best when thejsoil is under -
the best stock for budding, our authoris needed ; the statement that "pines" replete with information.e close
quite at variance with prevailing thrive best on poor land or on pine the book, turn to our shelves, pass the highest state of cultivation.A .
opinion and usage in recommending"sweet" land is not borne out by the fact that hesitatingly the works on Fruit Cul- farmer may raise as many bushels of

in preference to "sour" stocks. almost the entire present production ture, give it a foremost place in the oats per acre as he reasonably desires,
The list of varieties is good as far as comes from rich hammock land. "Florida" corner and pass from the I provided he will manure and cultivate
it goes, but by no means comprisesthe Guavas and Bananas next receive '
.library with the remark that no the soil as well as it ought to be culti-
leading sorts, Mediterranean attention. "Helen Harcourt" is authority rural Floridian or inquiring strangercan
( Sweet, Joffa, Washington Navel, and on guavas, but we would most afford to be without it."Remontant. vated. ..
many others being left out. respectfully ask : Is it not contrary to Rice.Mr. .
The relative adaptibility of the the first principles of Pomology to "
several classes of land to orange cultureis class all individuals of our common ( Beach Johnson brought to our
well set forth, but the conclusion is species as one variety ? A correspondent asks the meaningof office a bunch of rice. The straw is

weakened by the careless statement Other tropical fruits mentioned are this word, which we apply to a cer- six feet long, and full of the golden

that cultivation renders hammock the Mango\ Avocado, and the cocoanut, tain class of roses. grain Mr.' Johnson raised this in his
land poorer and pine lands richer. about the later a comprehensive re- The word or term "Remontant"signi-
The cost and methods of clearingand sume of current information is given. hammock, without any care, and
fencing are accurately given, and The chapter on small fruits is fies to grow again. The hybrid remon- scarcely any cultivation ; the wet sea-

the chapter on planting i is excellent. especially valuable. The author is in tauts of modern catalogues were formerly son coming on, he left it to make,

Cultivation, mulching, and pruningare error in saying the Federal Point known as "Damask" and "Hy- break, or perish. Why should not

treated in a thoroughly practical strawberry ships well, it's one shortcoming brid Perpetuals," and are distinguished every family raise: enough for homeuse
manner,quite up to the most progressive I is that it is a poor shipper.The by their peculiarity of distinct and
? and the is relished
and straw by
thought practice. We would sug- Improved Xunan or Mobile, ,
gest, however, that a covering of cow- which is now our leading berry, is not separate periods of blooming. Some for which use alone it is worth cultiva-
pea vines would be more satisfactorythan mentioned, neither is the Hoffman bloom in the spring and early summer, tion.-Manatee Advocate.
allowing the natural growth of Seeding which is growing in favor. then cease for a while and bloom <<

grass to take die ground, as our author Olive-culture receives considerable again in the fall ; while others are I A report from Valdosta;:; ,South Geor-
recommends, when cultivation is discontinued attention as one of our most
nearly as free bloomers as the Tea gia, says : The weather is very favor-
in early summer. The plow, possibilities and
is concerning pecans roses. The word was probably derived able and cotton is rapidly being pickedout.
too, as an unmitigatedevil some interesting and important facts
in an orange grove, as generallyused are given, some of which appear in from the French term Remonte, to The crops are very good in this
; this is true, but in the hands ofa this issue in another department. remount; to start afresh ; to go onagain. section. The sugar cane was blown

skillful plowman the plow can be Under the head of"grapes" much is i down one night last week.



Y f ----,'....,,



'. They picture this as a torrid region, cannot get such employment, as they together have had more visitors the
: ploridiana. vegetation scorched and drooping under knowing about the care of the orange closing summer than the State of Florida
and other fruits and vegetables in this alone during the winter.
a burning sun, the hot sand flying, soil and climate. The for arti-
The Possibilities Florida Artesian wages The hotels, boarding-houses, boats
Wells. people tossing on beds of fever,sighingfor sans of all trades here is less than in and trains have been constantly over-

Editor FLORIDA DISPATCH: a cool drink or a bit of ice, and at New York or the Eastern States. This crowded. Florida is our Italy, andI
Your article on "Artesian Wells" night waging an unequal warfare with class of men should not leaye the North very much doubt if the latter
published in the DISPATCH of the 4th the swarming insects. How differentthe without first securing employment and has as beautiful and healthful a cli-
assurance of their wages. I have seen mate as this, or can raise finer fruits.I .
instant, was read with pleasure, and in reality Summer is the 'rainy first-class carpenters here work for have been so assured by one who is
reflecting upon the results that mightbe season ;' rain falls on one-half to two- S1.25 per day, and glad to get it ; but well acquainted with both countries.

made to flow from their more gen- thirds of the days ; some days only many more, \\ho could not get work at Some points in the foregoing are

eral use ; the thought occurred that, five minutes, some days an hour or I any their price tools,sold start or for pawned home for on foot one-tenth, with well taken. We cannot agree with it

in time, they may become a source of two or even more., This makes vegetables -I. their value. Of course, there are a few all, however. A man absolutely without

great profit as well as pleasure in this and meat, dirty linen and who have good jobs, one out of twenty money has a hard time anywhere.But .

State of great possibilities and grand sweaty harness mould a great deal, but perhaps ; but generally when one jobis the facts are, no section of the
resources.In it gives cool nights and delightful finished, all they have earned will Union to the
presents more advantages
be for board before another
addition to supplying an abun- sleep. True, the mosquitoes are thickat spent found. Next, the same class jobis of industrious poor man than :Florida.

dance of pure water for house, foun- night-not one abroad by daybuta people think that while working :,it i 0 .
tain and irrigating services, cannot a net well arranged and with fine their trade, an orange-grove can be .Ii i Homes for the People.

never-failing supply be so elevated as meshes, or fine wire netting in the win- started and left to take care of itself Fortunately for us, there are no

to drive small turbines or other improved dows, is an efficient protection. In the until it brings a fortune every conditions in Florida for the makingof
from the fruit in Northern
forms of water-wheels that shall whole of thirty-five forty year mar
colony or millionaires. Great weatlh and
kets. Now, before this can be accomplished -
possess sufficient power to generate the families there is not a single case of years of labor, patienceand great poverty travel side by side, but

w requisite electricity for lighting houses sickness, and has not been since the privation intervene, during which in Florida the extremes never meet.

and grounds, also for the manufactureof Northern invalids went home. Aftera time a man must have something to The domestic economy of our State is
of ice? of strawberries eat and a place to lay his head. Thereis
an abundant family supply three month's season opposed to the acquirement of fabu-
amount of fish and in
How nice it would be to and and half the families have any game
possess cream ( cows, many parts of the State, but this has lous wealth, and consequently the
enjoy the luxuries of a delightful though they do not make butter now) to be supplemented with other thingsto black shadow of poverty hangs over

Florida home, surrounded by well- supplemented toward the last with enable a man to live, which can only no man endowed with health and

kept grounds beautified with tropicaltrees blackberries, the peach season began, be procured with money. The orange common sense. Our people are, and
and flowers, interspersed with lapping well over the strawberries, and trees cannot" be left to "take care of naturally must be independent, happyand
themselves? ; on the contrary, they require -
statuary and sparkling fountains, all will continue with different varieties to constant care and cultivation.If contented. The striving, rivalryand

brilliantly illuminated by electric the middle of October, almost until a man had from five hundred to bitterness, the fierce hatreds and

lights ; and what a boon is an overabundant oranges are ripe 1 Irish potatoes grown one thousand dollars to help him mad ambitions aroused by the wild

supply of ice. The mere here and full ripened, are keepingwell through the first year or two, or until struggle for wealth in other communities -
he could started raise
thought of it brings to memory the also Hubbard squashes, while most of the get produce a garden necessary for, liv- are unknown to us, and thanks to

never-failing supply of rich butter- new sweet potatoes are in the market ing, and get his orange trees well the natural conditions of our State

milk and hard yellow butter of our Tomatoes and sweet corn have passed started he could pull through by liv- will ever remain unknown. Men may

boyhood's home, to say nothing of their prime, but those who thought- ing economically and have a place in fail through lack of foresight, energy,
such ice and succession have both of a few years that would support him- !
accompaniments as cream fully planted a or through folly, but no man need de-
self and family the remainder of their
cold lemonade, etc., that would natu- them fresh aud abundant yet. Pole base himself or lose his all, throughthe

rally follow. Perhaps cold storage beans are plenty and good, where they days.But my letter is for the benefit of machination of any clique or

may be one of the easy attainments of have been well cared for; morning after those who have nothing to begin with. syndicate... -Maitland Courier.
intelligent wealth and requisites of morning my thermometer has stood They will "be left" and disappointedalmost .

every successfully conducted gardenand 78 or 79, and at noon from 85 to every time. It is stated that the Pennsylvania
Nearly all the papers at the North,
grove of the State. 91-not having gone above 94 the during the past year especially, have Railroad Company, one of the largestand

Will none of our many citizens of whole season so far. Very little thun- published, continually, articles, givingin wealthiest railway corporations in

wealth and culture try the experi- der and lightning so far-not so muchas flowery language the most exagger- America, have purchased of Messrs.

ment ? Are not the probabilities of in Ohio at the same season-only ated description of the opportunitiesfor Dunn, Marcott and others, of Ocala,

success and the results to be attained, gentle showers, sometimes with wind, all classes to get employment and 360 acres of land situated on Blue ,
wealth in this State Those who have
if successful, sufficient to merit at least but not violent, followed by cool nothing in their purses to start with Springs Run in Marion county, on

a most careful consideration of the breezes. Sometimes an extraordinaryamount I will get neither the one nor the other. which the company will soon establisha

subject? Possibly the supply of waterin of rain falls in half an hour, How under the sun, hundreds that I veneering factory to manufacture

our water-bearing s'ratum may interpose I but it falls straight down." have seen here, get away again or get veneering to be used in finishing the

a limit to the number of such anything to eat I cannot explain. inside of their cars, as the land in ques-
Who Should Come to Florida.A There are two sides to this Florida
wells as would yield practical results. boom, you have seen only the brightone tion is richly timbered with the finest
Yet who can predict to what utilitythe Northern visitor sums up the (in the newspapers) I give you the quality of yellow pine, curley pine,

vast under-ground rivers of Florida case in this wise: other side of the grand painting, whichI cypress, magnolia, beach, palmetto,
may, even in the near future, be Here is something for the benefit of hope may be the means of saving etc. The consideration paid for this
the thousands who are rushing to a man from throwing
many poor away
turned ? COLD WATER land $5,000. It has been
was long a
Florida every fall and winter. I referto what little he has.
V Jacksonville,Oct. 12th.Florida H.H. the working classes, artisans and There is a grand opportunity here wonder why some veneering companyhas
Summers. people of small means, who expect for those who/ have means for a start not long since established such a

Northerners are apt to look high wages, cheap living, or a fortune and thoroughly understand the com- factory in Florida, as there is no State
soon accumulated in the orange-grove mercial business to get rich very rap- richer in veneering woods.
midsummer in the South as a season ot business. Nineteen out of twenty of idly. I have seen many such chances .

unendurable heat, and where innumer- these find themselves, after being herea already where small capital could be "Flat Woods" full again.
able insects and malarial and billious very short time,without employment, about doubled every year by a man .
troubles prey upon the unfortunate inhabitants money, orange-grove or any possiblemeans who was familiar with trading. For
of of wealth Big hay crop in the Gulf Ham-
They delightful
Stephen Powers of Law- obtaining a living. people no more
think that at least they can get workon climate could be found or desired than mock.
tey, Bradford county, Florida, writeson the farms or plantations, which that of Florida during the fall and *-*-<
this wise to his Northern friends will pay their board and, perhaps, winter months. I do not believe that Green Florida oranges are selling
under date of September 1st, 1886 : more; this is a great mistake ; they all the watering places in the North in Gainesville at five cents apiece.

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. .J'.l: "tS::, .. 9.n r-' ad"r

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FlorricuI turre. Flowers by Mail. rigs, silenes, Virginia stocks, pansiesand Palms

Editor FLORIDA DISPATCU: sweet peas.

----, ..-- -- -- thousand boxes of
Many orange Mot of these would probably bloom
In the Palm-Houses of Europe.
blossoms are yearly sent from the all winter in this State.
"Land of Flowers" the mails ..
Beautify Them-Plant Flowers. through -
It may interest and surprise some
Editor FLORIDA DISPATCH: by Floridians and tourists to friendsin Progress in Floriculture.The .
of your readers to learn of the size
Florida is well named ; there is no other States. Most of these arrivedat cultivation of flowers is an occupation -
and variety of palms in the
day of the year that wild flowers can- their destination in poor condition that improves alike the body, continental palm-houses. Therefore I

not be found. The bounteous profu- owing to the improper packing. mind and heart. It is an almost certain -
submit the following letter from a
sion on every side shows what may be indication of and refine-
: purity
Flowers to be sent by mail shouldbe friend traveling in Europe, who will
done in our genial climate, even on
cut in the morning before the sun ment. not, I hope, consider the publishing of
"Florida sand. Yet how many homes To become skillful in the art
requires -
has had much effect on them. The it a breach of confidence. The housein '
there where has bean observation and -
are no attempt study, experience.
vest packing material is their own
is under the
question superintendence -
made to beautify the surroundings by It is not a rude simple matter,
foliage, or instead of that any good but requires and rewards the fullest of Herman Wendlandt, the
the cultivation of the
even cheapestand foliage. The best packing is i ia tin command of science and the amplest greatest living authority on palms,

most common flowering plants? box or case. Place a nit of moist knowledge of nature's laws. and may be considered as the studio,

The most abundant vegetation in The difficulties of floriculture only
many brown paper at the bottom, lay in the in which he collates, classifies, com-
door-yards is crab grass or "sand enhance its pleasures, for whatever is::
flowers that they will snugly fill the
so and studies the various membersof
There is no good excuse for worth having is worth working for. pares

spurs.such condition of box, put another piece of damp paper Blight, drouth, frost, mildew, hail, this noble order. My friend says :

a things. Fifty over all, and inclose with cover. If flood, insects, may make for a time "I passed a most interesting hourin

cents will buy a dozen or more packetsof oiled paper is at hand the box can be your flowering plants a sorrow and a the palm-houses of Schloss Herren-

flower seeds, and each of these vexation but those who love them
may ;
with it and will
no damp paper hausen, a little way out from Han-
be divided between two families, thus will persevere through every discouragement -
then be needed. A paper wrapper over. The house is a veritable crystal
the cash for triumph over every
reducing outlay a flower-
about the box, securely tied, completesthe obstacle-rejoicing all the more be- palace, and the palms were growingto

bed to twenty-five cents. If you cannot package. Damp cotton is often cause their flowers are the reward of a perfection I had not dreamed

spare the money to buy rose bushes, tied about the stems of the flowers, but honest, faithful, persistent work. possible: outside of their native haunts.I .

flowering shrubs and vines, can What we need in floriculture is
you usually this supply of moisture i is two climbed a gallery some hundred feet

usually get slips or sprouts from some great for them when closed from the i more study, more thought, more en- high, and from that lofty perch looked
thusiasm, with less blind devotion to
of your neighbors simply for the ask air, and causes decay. It is unnec- old ways, methods and practices, down upon a tropical forest. There ,

ing. Crape myrtles, cape jessamine, was a Corypha australis standing over
cessary when packed as before des- which, it'ever desirable and judicious,

all the honeysuckles, and many other cribed. Dry cotton is often used to have long ceased to be so. If those eighty-five charifera of feet the high and size-a an arenga Livistona sac-

shrubs with the luxuriance of who love floriculture will intelligently same
grow but is useless for
the flowers
protect Chinensis but little smaller, and of the
resolve that it shall and must
weeds with little or no care. Roses
awl it absorbs the mois- size Cun-
this purpose, same an Archontophccnix
it will not be long till we have an art
bloom all the a judicious selec- in full bloom. I noted the
year ; ture from the flowers and leaves, and worthy of our country and worthy of f ninghamia

tion of varieties, the use of a little fertilizer they reach their destination quite I the age in which we live.- W. J. most bea'{itiiul specimens, and here-

and in and I with send you the names: Livistona
some care pruning wilted. Green, Ohio Experiment Station.
subglobosa (huge) ; L. Hoogendorpi ;jCo.ryotu
cultivating will add this queen of .
When -( obtusa (spreading over
out on a botanizing trip, we
flowers to the daily bouquet with which Glazing Sash.
have frequently kept wild flowers in gn at space) ; Trachy carpus Martianus;
most house-keepers delight to adorn We see one serious objection to the -V'u cHrpus Veitchii ; Browuea
condition for several days in
their homes. good new method of glazing i ash recommended erecta, superb and l nearly fifty feet ;-

warm weather,simply by placing themin by Peter Henderson. Glass Areca Baueri, (superb and over fifty

a close tin box on a bed of damp, feet.) Kentia canterburyana, Bel-
Selection. will broken and if
Making a get occasionally,
but not wet, moss. NEMO. mr.riana, Sapida, Fosteriana, and Austraiis -
My\ advice, says Eben E. Rexford, the cement becomes so very hard, howis ;Caryota cummingi, and ma-
The flowers will do much better if
to those who are puzzled about select- to be removed so as to set a new just ica ; Astrocaryum mexicanum

ing more flowers is always this : Do cut the evening before and kept in glass ? and Lati ectulU ;Bactris major;;

water over-night.-ED. Dion edube ; Cycaa revoluta ; Plecto-
kinds than feel
not get more you sure
comic elonguta, (to top of house) ;-
The farmers the
4 are now working on
of well. A few
can take care ,
you many pproimens) { of Calamus ; Cocos
Annuals.A eight hour -eight hours before
well-grown, are always vastly more amara ; Wallichia disticha ;Chrys-

satisfactory than a large number of list of the annuals that may be dinner and eight hours after. allidocarpus} lutescens ;-HyophorbeImlica

in Florida. is -- .... -- ,-Phoenix! syh"estris'Vash
indifferent plants. A single specimenof successfully grown very { ;

fuschia it desirable. Those who have had ex- Business at the United States Land ingtonia ujacrocarpa, robusta and fili-
geranium or grown as
Office, at Gainesville, is quite brisk fera ; Sabal major, minor and Cuben-
will confer favor send-
ought to be grown, will always attract perience a by bis,-Euterpe edulis (twenty-five) ;
for this of the
attention and call forth admiration, ing a brief account of the result, season year. Caryota urens (twenty feet) ;-Pritch-

while a score of ordinary plants will giving the time of sowing the seed, 4 ardia inartiana ; Acanthoph nix
Horatio Crain has forwarded to
be passed by without special notice. method of culture, nature of soil, etc. crinita ;-Acanthorrhizaacubeataand
Governor his of the
Perry resignation warscewiczii, Sabal umbraculiferaand
.. Our flower beds are on a dry knolein
office of County Superintendent of: Adaus'mii ; Geonoma magnifica
the flat woods. On this soil bal-
Nice,the Flower Garden of Franco schools for Monroe, to take effect De- and Pohliana.-Livistona Jenkins! ;-

is the flower sams, cockscombs (celoria), portulacca, Oreodoxa oleracea ;Hyophorbe Ver-
Nice regarded as cen cember 31 1886.
morning glories and cypress vines seem echafFetti:! ;-Dicty.-fepenua album and
tro of France, and the prices that prevail ...
so much at home that they sow them- aureum and furiuracea; -Thrinax
{ there govern the floral commerceof More\ cotton has been shipped from and radiata Trithrinax
argentea ;
selves and like weeds.
come tit
the whole country. In March last up the Monticello depot the present i Brazil ieusis ;-Ceroxy Ion AndicoJa ;-

they got sixteen cents a dozen for Drummond phlox does the same season than from any other depot Calyptrocalyx spicatus ; Archonto-

Safrano roses, twenty five cents for thing in cool weather growing and along the line of the Florida Railwayand phcenix Veitchii and Alexandr);-

cents for Dijon blooming all winter. Dictyospenra rubrum ;-Iriartea del-
Lamarque, twenty Navigation Company.The toida ;-Phoenicophorium Sechellarum

fifty cents for Marerhal\ Niel, Carnations The following list has been recom- 4 (a beauty). Out of doors were beau-

fifteen cents a dozen, Camellias, mended for fall sowing at the north : Progressive Land Improvement tiful specimens of Chamcerops Gui-

forty cents. These seem to be their Alyssum maritimum, bartonia aurea, Company have contracted with neensis, humilis ; Fortunei! and excel -

leading flowers though Violets, Mignonette calandrinas, candytufts, clarkias, col McDermott & Higgs to build a fac- .a ;Phoenix spinosa ; Livistona
inermis Area seguida, and Khopa-
Asters and Yellow linsias erisymum, forget-me-nots and residences on ;
Golden tory twenty cottage lostylis sal" ida." E. H. HART.

Acacias, are among the quotations. gilias, godetias, nemophilas, sapona- their land on White street, Key West. Federal Point,Oct. 11. 1880.I .

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EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT. it fails, we must stumble on paying a only $180 per acre, which is not a Kind Words.

r high price for being fleeced until necessity large income from a grove of that age. The FLORIDA DISPATCH has greatlyimproved
A. H. MANVILLE, Editor.
compels us to seek the same lately. It is now one of
It strikes me that the plan for bud- the best in the South for the
To Orange Shippers.The remedy it now offers. papers
ding the grape as described on page horticulturist and fanner. It is taking
want of correct information on Our Position. | DISPATCH is to be
686 of the likely hold of all vital questions pertainingto
the part of growers as to the organization "Let the its successful than
Exchange paddle own more generally graft-
Florida fruits and crops with a de-
purposes and workings of the canoe, the growers 'can't see it' this ing, strictly speaking it is a species of gree of vigor not before seen in that !
Fruit Exchange is the most serious, season. People will think you are grafting and is not budding accordingto
paper. It is in the right hands, and
in fact, the only obstacle in the way of bought up." Thus writes an earnest the ordinary acceptation of the word.It .
each week better. \Ve take
its succefts. To supply this want, eo friend of the DISP A.TCU. We have would require very accurate workin
pleasure in reading it. The
far as it can be done by printed mat- sold the Fruit If very
out not to Exchange the
fitting joints. grafting wax mechanical part of it can't be beat.
ter, the management have issued a but to the Farmer's and Fruit Growers can be used for this work, why not for Success to it and its able editor.Palatka -
' prospectus for the season of 1886-7, of Florida. We represent their ordinary cleft grafting ? It would News.

which we lay before our readers this interests for a consideration, and it not dry out nor crack like clay, and is --- --.-- -

week. Don't base your opinion on affords us pleasure to say this service more easily attainable in many partsof STATE NEWS.

ingenuously circulated rumors, but has been so acceptable that the stipend the State. In many cases the use of The Tacoma Branch of the Pro-

read this report you draw your con- we receive therefor is increased wax would obviate the necessity of ducers League of Central Florida was

clusions. The prospectus will be issuedin monthly. The Fruit Exchange is the tieing with cord, and where cord was organized on September 9th. On the

pamphlet form in a few days, whenit creature of the growers, it is an efforton used the wax would prevent it from 23d 1 of the same month this body issueda

can be had on application to Manager -. their part to remedy existing evils rotting so easily. call for a State League for the pur-

ives. Send for a few copies and. which threaten to destroy horticultural pose of making a united effort to cor-

distribute them among your neighbors; industry and retard the development The good qualities of the Brighton rect abuses lying between producerand

be helpful in sustaining and strength- of the State. We would be recreant grape are not exaggerated in the par- consumer.A .

ening the institution, and, above all, to our trust did we not give agraph on the same page. But I think good many oranges have been

give it the substantial aid of your this movement our earnest support. that a little injustice is done where it shipped this week. They are still

shipment" This circular information Our motives in doing this will be is said to be later than the Delaware.I green, and should be left on the trees

is to be supplemented by the work ofa questioned only by those who are mis- have seen it stated at least twice this for a month or more yet. The ship-

committee of Directors, who will go informed as to the facts. The Ex summer that it was from ten days to ment of a few crates does not hurt, but

,''''. over the State explaining every point change is not a money-making institu- two weeks earlier than the Delaware.I when quantity of green fruit is

to the growers; and by agents, who tion, it has no favors to grant, nor cannot at this time give the authorityfor rushed into market it does hurt.-South

i will make a more detailed canvass for patronage to award, and to this fact, : this statement. My experience this Florida Courier.

the same purpose. may be attributed the lukewarmnessof season was that it was fully as early, !. Information from a few grove owners -
.. .I
many who should support it as a if not earlier. I around Orlando, is to the effect
The Commission System. measure for the general good. Whilewe Rush & Son, and Meissner ay of it I that scale is appearing on a few trees,
The commission system or no system in their descriptive catalogues "Ripens
are in no sense the organ of the probably from eggs which were not
costs the orange-growers of Flor- nearly as early as the Hartford Prolific
Exchange, and shall freely criticise its destroyed last winter. Most of the
ida about one million dollars annually.The and before the Delaware.It .
are entirely free from scale,
Dorkings in the interests of produc rs, groves
shipper is taxed to maintain this is the early that will be
we shall do everything in our powerto grapes and it is probable that if vigorous
system of one dollar on every box he the most profitable in Florida.
promote its success. measures were resorted to at once, the
ships) in addition to the usual com- .....
---- State might be entirely rid of this
mission of ten per. cent. We mean Current Comment.St. The Editor and I will have to agreeto insect.A .

exactly what we say, the consumers disagree, howeverit is not always the Floridian who has been summer-
the for Florida Augustine grass does not makea that those with know whatis
pay same oranges as case means
North the State has
ing says fully recovered -
they did three years ago, yet they net nice-looking lawn. It is better than the moat eligible location. It was my from the effects of last winter's
the dollar less bare land, but is coarse-looking, and intention out this .
grower fully one per to bring very point.I freeze and
a hardworkingfarmer
box than at that time, in other words far inferior to blue grass, if any varietycan believe that a man with only one many
in the .North that has made
the middle men get one dollar more. be made to grow on our sand. hundred dollars to spare for land had
for the two wouldbe
nothing past years
Think of it shippers every time you I Has any one tried the Texas blue better pay fifty dollars per acre for glad to sell his farm and take his

forward a box of fruit you contributeone grass in East Florida, and if so, with two acres within half a mile of stationor chances in Florida for making a liv-

dollar in clean cash, from your what result? wharf than to take ten acres for the ing, as against the North with its sud-

own pocket, to swell this enormous No vegetation can long survive same money, if two miles away. I do den changes.The .
fund-for the lion's share of which not want any land where the soil is so
without leaves; if the tops of the
the commission men contend among thin that I cannot turn it with an or- California Southern Railwayis
"Maiden\ grass are persistentlyhoed
themselves to this end,placing the fruitin off one-half an inch below the dinary breaking plow.A sending out car-loads of grapes at-
with itself and tached each train bound
competition sac- to passenger
surface of the soil once in two weeks
rificing the producers' interests. two-horse Acme will no doubt do east. The rate this year is $450 a
i I for one season, it will give very littlg
is but excellent work and by its use a grove $600 last
There one remedy, namely : trouble thereafter. What is the true car, as against year.
Place the fruit under one management could be kept clean much cheaper thanin The California fruit-growers are
(botanical) name of this pest?
for distribution and sale. The Fruit any other way. But many gardeners working the thing right. In the first

... Exchange is a sensible effort to accomplish If Mr.\ Canderdonk is correct, then and orange-growers who have from place, they get the speed by attaching !

4. this. Shall we support it, the prospect is not very encouraging ten to fifteen acres find it difficult to the fruit car to the passenger train.

or continue the "spoils system ?" The |for those who are planting pecan- keep one horse, and would think that Then a reduction of twenty-five percent

commission men, and those interestedin groves. they were certainly on the road to the on freight charges is concededby

the present order of things, are The experience of Mr.\ J. B. Ley "poor-house" if obliged to keep two. the road. These are two important -

doing their best to break,down the Ex- seems to confirm the statements of Mr. W. C. STEELE. factors in the fruit: tradespeedand

change ; the growers being largely un- Canderdonk. Mr. Ley's trees are Switzerland, Florida.-.,October. 20. 1886. low freights. This is the kind of

informed as to the situation, are not thirty years old, and yet only the Ellenton, Florida, has produced a work needed in Florida, and speed

backing it up as they should, and it largest trees average one bushel per. Providence potato weighing one hundred and reduction of freights could be secured

would not be strange if it failed to tree. At the highest price named,, pounds, and measuring half a by concert of action. Californians -

make headway against these odds. If six dollars per bushel, this would be peck. Next work together.

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o. ',. OCTOBER 25, 1886.] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.= 733 .
. .

. ; : The Florida Fruit Excharige,

-, SEASON 1886-7.

the close of the fruit' season of 1884-85, owing to the disastrous gluts We also keep fully posted through these telegrams as to the quotations in all lead
ABOUT low prices which prevailed throughout the entire season, several ing cities, and are thus enabled to ship and distribute our fruit intelligently.The .
prominent fruit-growers decided to take some steps towards providing against a Exchange has special forwarding agents at Gainesville, Baldwin and
recurrence of similar disasters in the future. Jacksonville, these being distributing points for matter destined to the East and
The subject was agitated extensively among the growers, and a series of West. It is the duty of these agents to receive all shipments consigned to the Exchange -
meetings were held which finally resulted in the formation of a Stock Company that are tributary to their respective agencies. They are required to per-
.. .
under the title of the Florida Fruit Exchange," with a capital stock of$50,000.00 sonally supervise the loading, in proper cars, of all fruit and vegetables receivedby
divided into 500 shares of$100.00 each. them, and same must be forwarded without delay to various destinations in
The organization was perfected on February 5th, 1885, to continue for. fifty accordance with telegraphic instructions sent them daily from the principal office
years. It is regularly chartered under the general incorporation act of the Stateof of the Exchange.
Florida. When a shipment is sent to the Exchange, the shipper, of course, understandsthat

The Exchange has now nearly 400 members, and is constantly. growing, and the disposition of same is left entirely to the discretion of the management.
we want to see the 500 shares represented by 500 growers. When! however, a shipper wishes his fruit to be forwarded to any particular des-
tination, his wishes will be complied with whenever it is practicable, provided the
PAST METHODS OP MARKETING THE CHOPS. Exchange has an agency at the point to which he wishes his fruit sent. In cases
During past seasons no organized system was in force among the growers. of this kind the shipper must notify us two or three days before the shipment is
Every grower shipped according to his own inclination, few if any, having reliable started. It is to the interest of the growers, however, to leave the selection of
information as to the condition of markets. The worst feature of this destinations entirely to the decision of the management of the Exchange. Whena
method was that the shipments were scattered indiscriminately all over the shipment is sent to a particular destination by request of a shipper, the
country in such a manner that the fruit was continually competing with itself. New Exchange cannot be responsible for poor returns resulting from low prices-ruling
York City, for instance, with from one to two hundred commission merchants, I in said market.
all receiving shipments direct from the growers, to be sold on commission. Of KATES.
course these commission men will never buy fruit so long as they can get it to sell One of the principal aims of this association is to secure lower freight rates.
on commission. They run no risks whatever in receiving fruit to sell for accountof One of the greatest drawbacks to the prosperity of Florida fruit and vegetable-
the growers. Again, not, one fruit-grower out of every hundred is in a position growers is the present high freight rates. Ever since the growing of fruit and
,". to know or keep fully posted as to the reliability of the commission merchant to vegetables in Florida began to assume important proportions, the war-cry of the
-: whom their fruit is shipped. Ignorance on this point alone has caused many to grower has been "lower rates." Year after year the same complaint is made
lose hundreds of dollars. Notwithstanding all this, the growers have persisted against the transportation lines-"poor facilities, rates too high." Yet the same
n following this hap-luizard policy year after year. Season after season, markets old order of things continue to exist. .
t were glutted in the same old way, and as a natural consequence low prices ruled. You will all admit that there is a right and a wrong way to do everything.The .
Now, while' the growers have been suffering through these disasters, the facts question of securing lower rates is no exception to this rule. There is a right
show that the commission.men have not become discouraged! One fact alone and a wrong course. Results show that the efforts made by individual growers in
proves that they have sustained no losses, and this is the continual increase in the the past have practically amounted to nothing. Growers have petitioned, formulated -
number of soliciting agents sent to Florida every season all eager to secure a resolutions and ventilated their grievances and opinions in the papers of the
share of the spoils for their respective houses. Now, as long as the Florida State. Notwithstanding all this the rates remain pretty much the same.
growers continue to supply commission men with fruit, the commUsion men Now this obstacle can be overcome; and the solution of the difficulty is in the
will'never buy, and.just so long as the scatteration policy continues, just so long hands of the growers, you must unite. You have tried the old system of"every
will success in the orange business be an uncertainty. man for himself" long enough. In order to secure lower rates, better and quicker

., METHODS ADOPTED BY THE EXCHANGE. transportation facilities and a uniform price for your produce you must organize.

As soon as the Exchange became thoroughly organized, the officers immediately "In union there is strength."
proceeded to investigate past methods, for the purpose of ascertaining the The Exchange has as yet accomplished but little in the line of reduced rates,
causes of the existing evils. They at once decided that the trouble lay in the indiscriminate but with the united support of the growers we will eventually be able to accomplish
distribution of the fruit, and that owing to this scatteration policy, the all the results at which we aim.
ia conducted solely in the interest of the growers. It is
growers were continually competing with themselves. Our General Manager The Exchange being
spent several weeks in the Eastern markets examining into the methQds pursued in officered by fruit and vegetable-growers, and its members are growers. All fair-
sales foreign fruits, he found that this fruit was not scattered all over the country to minded men must admit that with the facilities at our command in the shape of
be sold on commission like Florida fruit. On the contrary it was handled by only telegraphic advices, special forwarding agents, familiarity with transportation
a few dealers, and sold Ijy one firm in each city, all sales being made by auction. methods and routes, and with old, experienced and reliable selling agents in all the
By this means the commission men and fruit-dealers are forced to buy the fruit leading business centres, we are, to say the least, in a position to secure as much
outright! and they can get it only by buying it. Through this system the commission for your produce as you can possibly secure through any other channel.We .
. merchants and other fruit-dealers are placed in active competition, and at these are particularly anxious to secure the patronage aud co-operation of all
auction sales we see several hundred of them all trying to buy from one man. growers, both large and small. The advantages we have to offer are far superiorto
Now why do they buy this fruit P Simply because they can get it in no other anything they have enjoyed in the past.
way. Foreign fruit has been sold by this method for years, and it almost invariably NO EXTRA CHARGES BY THE EXCHANGE. .
realizes from fifty cents to dollar box net than the Florida
one per more it does
than to independentof
It costs no more to patronize the Exchange ship
oranges. Seeing this, the officers of the Exchange concluded to place only one
it. The grower gets the benefit of our telegraphic advices, we provide special
agent in each of the principal cities and let these agents handle all the fruit that
agents to supervise the loading, ann distribution of the fruit. We guarantee promptand
might be consigned to the Exchange. At present the Exchange have agents at
correct returns, and we are prepared to handle your produce more promptlyand
the following points: New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, than individual efforts.
market by
get it into quicker you can your
Savannah. Macon, Ga., Cincinnati,0., Chicago, 111., St. Louis, Mo;, Peoria, Ill.,
Cleveland Indianapolis, Ind., Kansas City, St. Paul, Minn., Minneapolis, COMMISSIONS.The .
Minn., and Louisville, Ky.. Exchange charges a commission of ten per cent. on all- sales. This is the
These agents have been selected from among the best commission firms in each only charge for selling. Out of this ten per cent. the Exchange mut pay its agents,
city. They have had years of experience in the fruit trades and their financial and the other rnnning expenses. It has been asserted by our enemies that we
standing, and business records are of the strongest and best. Every agent is under charge double commission. Such is not the case. Ten percent. is: all we charge.
a good and sufficient bond to the ExcJiangc, as is every official who handles the We have been misrepresented by some commission men in the past,and we expect -
company's money. Our agents are required to keep the General Manager fully to be misrepresented in the future. Growers must remember the commis- '
advised by wire as U the condition and demands -of their respective,markets. sion men are working in their own interests; the Exchange is working for tile
They are also required to make prompt and correct returns for all sales of fruit growers. And in supporting the Exchange you are promoting your own interests.A .
made by them These returns must be sent to the principal office of the Exchange certain class of commission men fear the Exchange, and will do all in their
at Jacksonville, from whence the account of sales for each lot of fruit is sent to the power to injure it, and they do not hesitate to use arguments totally devoid of
that it is truth of their "points being: "It costs more to ship through the Exchange -
growers on same day received by us, all accounts being first checked up one great
., and verified by the auditor of the Exchange. Every precaution is taken in order than it does to ship direct to commission.merchants." This we say againis
to get account sales into the hands of the growers as quickly as possible. false.
; With the aid of special telegrams from our selling agents in the several citieswe CAR-LOAD RATES.
are always in a position to know when and where gluts are likely to occur. To growers who ship less than .a car-load, (250 boxes) at one time, we offer

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the advantage of car-load rates to all Western points. (There are no car-load Shipments from line of the Florida Southern Railway, and tributaries thereto,

rates to Eastern points.) Below we give an illustration to show the difference will go to Gainesville.

between car-load and less than car-load rates on fruit from Gainesville, Baldwin Shipments from line.of the Florida Railway and Navigation Company's sys-

and Jacksonville, made up from rates issued by transportation lines dated Octo tem, and tributaries thereto, will go to Baldwin.

ber 15. 1886. 9. Shippers are requested to use their own discretion in selecting routes, or

lines, by which to reach either of the three points named above. Shipments can
be sent to the Exchange either by freight or express.

Chicago, 111. .. .... ... .110 cents per box 161 cents per box 4f! "ents per box 10. In shipping :Mandarins and Tangierines, pack the fruit in half boxes.
... ... . I
Cincinnati, 0. 70 cents per box cents per box 24 cents per box
8t. Louis, Mo. ...... . .85 cents per box cents'per box 29 cents per box Cut the standard box in half, lengthwise ; pack the fruit in the usual way, and
Peoria, 111. .... ... . .. SilO cents per box 156 cents per box 1 49 cents per box then the half boxes .
Kansas City ..... .... . 8116 per box cents per box 46 cents per box strap together.
Cleveland.0... ... .. . 90 cents per box '160 cents per box 30 cents per box 11. We would advise you to make no shipments of green fruit. Do not expect -
IndlanaP.l1,.Ind. . . 94 cents per box 57 cents per box 37 ents per box
8t. Paul, Minn. . '. . .. 11 17 per box 70 cents per box 47 cents per box the public to eat fruit that you would not eat yourself. No process invented .
Mlnneapol1s.Minn. . !l 17 per box 70 cents per box 47 cents per box by man can compete with nature in ripening fruit. Oranges may be artificially
LouIsvllle, Ky. .. .. . .1. 70 cents per box 46 cents per box 24 cents per box
colored, but it is nature alone that gives them the proper flavor. Shippers of

Growers will note from the above that we are in a position to save them a green fruit may secure satisfactory returns for a few such shipments, but eventually -

neat: sum on their small shipments to Western cities.It the buyers become familiar with the brands of those shippers, and are very

will cost the growers no additional expense in shipping to the Exchange at cautious in buying, preferring to select other brands if they can get them. Ship-

Gainesville, Baldwin and Jacksonville, the transportation lines charging the same pers of green fruit should also remember that they injure not only the reputationof

rate to these points as is allowed them by the through rates; or, in other words, their own fruit, but also that of their neighbors. Florida oranges have a

their charges for matter consigned to the Exchange is precisely the same as their world-wide reputation, and all growers should work to maintain that reputationby

proportion of the through rates. holding their fruit until it is fully mature .


shipping to the Exchange please observe the following instructions: When we have evidence on hand in the shape of shipping receipts, or bill of

1. Our stencils'are all numbered. Each shipment is identified by its stencil lading, to show that a shortage appears:: against any shipment>the Exchange will

number. We keep a recor.* of each number, with the full name and address of pay the shipper for the box, or boxes short, on the basis of what the balanceof
the owner. There are no duplicate numbers. the shipment netted.

You will note that stencils bear no destination. This is not necessary, as all When an overcharge occurs against any shipment, the same will be corrected -

transportation lines in the State know where our receiving agencies are located, by the Auditor, and the correct amount only charged against the shipper.

and they deliver our consignments in accordance with special instructions fur- Shippers are thus relieved of much annoyance' and trouble, which they wouldbe

nished them by the General :Manager. Our reason for omitting.destination is that otherwise forced to endure in making their individual claims for shortage aud

we do not know to what point a shipment may be sent until the day it is received, overcharges. Last season the Exchange saved its patrons several hundred dollarsin
then it is sent to the market from whence the most favorable have been ..
reports received overcharges alone. Fortunately, owing to our well regulated system, very few .
that day. shorts and bad orders occurred. "
2. Use only the Standard Box, which measures '12x12x27 inches, with par-
tition in the centre. Every box should be securely strapped at each end, and also t
lot of fruit will be sold its individual merits. We
Each and every on may
in the centre. Nail the straps in such a manner that the ends of same will meeta
forward ten or twenty different lots in one car, yet when that car reaches destina-
few inches from the cover, on either side of the box.
fruit is unloaded and assorted to stencil numbers and each lot
tion, the according ,
3. Our experience during the past season has proven to our entire satisfaction,
placed so that it can be thoroughly inspected by the purchasers, and every lot is .
that it We
pays to wrap oranges. therefore advise every grower to wrap his fruit
neatly in tissue paper. sold on its own merits. Good fruit, properly packed, will invariably commandthe
readiest sales and highest prices. Poor fruit, improperly packed, like an inferior -
4. Oranges should be cut from the stem, not pulled. Before packing, the-
fruit should be thoroughly dried, and assorted according to size and quality. Don or shabby article in any class of merchandise, cannot be expected to com-

t pack large and small fruit in the same box. Do not pack bright and russey pare favorably with a good, sound article properly put up. We, therefore,
again earnestly request you to pack your fruit in accordance with our instruc-
fruit in the same box. Assort your oranges carefully according to size, qualit
will do this others will not. The latter class must bear in
tions. Many growers ::
and color. Reject all bruises or imperfect fruit. One rotten or decaying orangein
a box will have a tendency to injure the price of the entire box. Do not dump mind that their fruit will not compare favorably when placed side by side with

your fruit into the boxes carelessly. Pack close and form, so that the fruit will not that of responsible packers. '

have room to tumble abont in the boxes and get bruised. We received man!. FALSE PACKING.

shipments last season that were loosely and improperly packed. Some lots for Last season several complaints were received from our: Agents reganling/tt/se/

instance often boxes when received by us were found to be so carelessly packed, packing. Many shipments were returned to them by the buyers marked "Bright"and

that on being repacked properly, from two to three boxes were lost. By this "Fancy," which' on being examined, were found to be mostly russet and

method of loose-packing the grower actually throws away the material of from inferior fruit. Also::; many shipments were found to be marked as containing

two to three boxes in every lot of ten, besides paying freight on ten boxes, when iftheshipment "176 fruit." When same was examined the contents were found to bo 128 to 146

was properly packed before starting, 'he would only have to pay on fruit. This is what we term false packing. These misleading marks:: on a box

seven or eight boxes. deceive the buyers for that time only, as the purchasers of our fruit know fully as

5._ One of the next most important features to the above is the uniform neat much, and sometimes more about it than those who grow it. And they are

ness of your package. A box of oranges, properly packed neatly strapped, and rarely deceived the second time, as they make it a point to keep a sharp'lookout

neatly marked, naturally attracts the attention of a buyer, and buyers will pay for the brands once carrying improper marks, and they will only buy with .

more for fruit put up in a neat and attractive manner, than they will pay for suchas the understanding that if, after a thorough examination, the contents are not

is carelessly packed. After your fruit has been put up as per above instruc- tound to be as represented the fruit will be returned to the selling agent. Of

tions, place the stencil of the Florida Fruit Exchange on one end of the box. On course a mistake will sometimes occur in marking the contents of a box. Ship-

the upper right hand corner of same end, stencil the number of oranges the box pers should be careful in putting up shipments to avoid errors of this kind.

contains, and on the upper left hand corner stencil the quality of the fruit, Rus- COST OF MEMBERSHIP.

sett, Bright, Fancy, Mandarins or Tangierine, as the case may be. Shippers
Shares are worth $100.00 each. You are required to pay ten per cent or Ten
having private marks or brands are requested Jo place same on the other end of
Dollars on becoming a member, and the balance as the Directors may require.We .
box. Be sure that your stencil number appears plainly on every box. .
do not expect, however, to call for more than twenty per cent. or Twenty
6. Always take duplicate receipts or bills of lading from transportation lines,
Dollars each share.
for your shipments. Retain the original receipt, and send us the duplicate with "
You will notice that all the shares are taken. Some members have ten
each shipment. This is the only notice we require.Let .
shares each. We are anxious to reduce these:: ten share men to one share each so
the number of your stencil appear on all shipping receipts. This is very
as to get the stock into the hands of as:: many growers: as possible. Any grower,
important and should not be overlooked, as the transportation lines way-bill all
therefore, desirous of becoming a member can make application to the Secretary
shipments by stencil numbers. .
when one of these shares will be transferred to such ai+ plicant.
7. Returns for all shipments will be sent to the parties whose stencil number .

the said shipment may bear. Shippers are therefore cautioned not to use a bor- SHARES TQO EXPENSIVE.

rowed stencil. Before sending shipments to the Exchange we prefer that the :Many growers complain that the shares are placed at too high a figure. They

shipper first secure one of our stencils with shipping instructions. The only difficulty will please bear in mind that the laws of the State of Florida require that no r

we had last season of any consequence, was caused by parties using bor- share of any stock company shall be less than one hundred dollars each. You will ; ::

rowed stencils, or shipping under marks other than the Exchange stencils. thus understand that the shares are placed at the lowest possible price allowed by .
8. The receiving and forwarding; agents of the Exchange are located at Jacksonville law.
Gainesville and Baldwin. NON-SUBSCRIBERS PATRONAGE. .

Shipments from line of St. Johns River, Jacksonville, Tampa and Key It is not necessary that the grower should be a stockholder in order ship '".

West Railway, Jacksonville St. Augustine and Halifax River Railway, and tributaries to the Exchange. Shipments from non-subscribers: will receive the same 'care ;

: thereto, will come to Jacksonville.. and attention as will shipments from members. The Exchange was not -oryanizedi ,.
," '
Y -1;'
,, -. .-. 't,::
c; .. -
._ .
: :"'
.. -'-. ., .- :' :C. .. '"
;J-- :

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: OCTo 25,1886., ,. .] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH. .735


for speculative purpascs but as a medium for securing benefit to all growers. themselves together till we commenced in Florida to stir up the subject. Now,

THE EXCHANGE RESPONSIBLE. our great competitor in the orange business is the Mediterranean fruit.' Californiais

as yet. insignificant.
When a shipment is received by the Exchange, from that moment we become
"Transportation companies would lower their prices and put on special fast
responsible to the shipper until the account sales for said shipment has been-rendered -
trains or boats if they were sure they would get a steady business, sufficient to fill
to the shipper. We stand between the shipper and any loss that may occur
cars, and cars sufficient to make up trains, instead of being overtaxed at one time
through the defalcation of our agents. Thus you do not look to the selling agents,
and nothing to do at others. We are paying entirely too much for transporttingour
but to your home institution THE EXCHANGE.
fruit to market. We will never get it shipped for less until we can cooperateand .
. Remember that we are working in your behalf, and in patronizing the Exchange -
J: regulate the shipment. At present I see no better plan than the Florida :Fruit
you are helping yourself.
,, ERRORS. Exchange plan which, though operated only for one winter, and the worst winter
Florida has ever known that, kept up the prices of oranges through December, the
Mistakes are liable to occur in any line of business, no matter how well regulated
worst month, fully one dollar per box more than we got last year.
it may be. We have made mistakes in the past, and it is probable that .
Major Norris, who shipped about 7,000 boxes through the Exchange, was well
some mistakes will occur in the future. Now, if you find anything wrong in
satisfied at the smooth and practical working of the project.
your dealings with the Exchange do not sit down and abuse us to your neighbors,
Growers should organize, inform themselves regarding the Exchange, and, if
but write to the management, and you can rest assured that your complaint will
possible, pledge themselves to give it their fruit.
receive prompt attention; and if an error has occurred the same will be corrected.Our .
Thus, and thus only, can we each and all of us save ourselves from disaster.
books are always open for inspection by the patrons of the Exchange.
Thus, and thus only, can we compel through transportation companies to give us
In writing to the Exchange regarding irregularities in your account sales, or cheap rates and fast time." .

inquiring about shipments, always mention your stencil numbers, and give cor-
The above is a clear and intelligent explanation of the effects produced by the
rect date of shipment et<:. This will help us to correct any errors, and insure you
hap-hazard method of shipping our Florida fruit.
prompt replies.
Officers of the Exchange have witnessed sales of from 20.000 to 30.000 boxes of
We have in the foregoing lines endeavored! to give a plain explanation of the
foreign fruit in New York City, at one time, all sold by one man at auction, and
Exchange methods and system.
the entire lot of within three hours.
realized splendid prices; being disposed two or
Last season was our first. We do not pretend to claim that we pleased
Now, 10,000 boxes of Florida fruit shipped in the old indiscriminate style into
body. We do not claim to have committed no errors, nor do we claim to }have
the New York market at one time, will create a ruinous glut and the fruit will
accomplished everything we hoped for. But we do claim to have netted the
sell at from fifty cents to one dollar per box. Why is'this P Simply because the
growers more money for the fruit we handled, than they received for the same
fruit is sent to every dealer in the city to be sold on commission. So many dealers
quantity of fruit during the previous season.
sell commission that there to be found. Nine
get it to on are scarcely any buyers
Our commission friends charged us with "breaking the markets." seemed
men out of every ten wants to sell. Fruit-growers think of it for it is you who
totally oblivions to the fact that, although the Exchange was not in existence
during the previous season, yet the markets were never so badly demoralized as -. CONCLUSION.All .

then. During the best part of the winter of 1884, oranges were selling at from
that is needed to secure satisfactory freight rates, and uniformly paying
seventy-five cents to one dollar and twenty-five cents box, What must
per gross.
is that the unite and to control the
prices, growers organize so as marketing of their
have been the net ?
.. average own produce. The Florida fruit businesses yet in its infancy, compared to what it
If the fruit-growers of Florida had given the Exchange last season the
proper will be five to ten years hence, and if you do not organize and adopt a system now,
box of shipped from the State would have netted less
support, no oranges than
how much harder will it be to organize five or ten years hence.If .
two dollars, for the simple reason that through the Exchange system the fruit
with thejive Iff ten hundred thousand boxes shipped during each season for
would have been distributed.in such to avoid
a manner as over-crowding markets
the past three years, markets have been ruinously glutted, how do you suppose
and there would have been such difficulty fruit
no competing against itself.
they will standee to ten million boxes, five or ten;y ars hence if the old haphazard -
The following article taken from the columns of the FLORIDA DISPATCH
method of shipping continues, that old method which in the past has practi-
Oct. 1886 gives the clearest definition of the Concentration
present question vs.
the that another.
cally arrayed produce of one grower against of

Scatteration, that we have yet seen : Long before the five to ten years have come to pass new markets must be

SELLING OUR ORANGES.-SHALL WE PROFIT BY THE EXPERIENCE OF OTHER LANDS. worked up. How is this to be done if there is no recognized system or head to

"Nowhere in the world is a valuable agricultural crop sent tomarket in the the business? It is true that the larger growers may be in a position to accom-

:: hap-hazard manner as the Florida orange crop. Three million boxes of Mediterranean plish more or less in their own individual interests, but what is the small grower to

fruit-all that comes to our shores-are handled by one firm in New do? He can't afford to be shut out, and still less can he afford to make a tour

York ; and this tasteless, sour, ugly fruit, actually brings more than our beautiful, around the world for the purpose of finding a market for his small crop of from

high-flavored Florida fruit, simply because it is handled by one house, who con- one hundred to one thousand boxes. These are vital questions to every grower.

trol the market, rendering gluts impossible. Mr. W. K. Lente, the founder of The possibilities mentioned above are bound to come, and within the time specified

Seville and a prominent orange-grower, pertinently asks: "How is it with us, and ; and it is a duty every grower owes to himself to provide for the future now,

our crop:? We ship it all over the country ; we ship it to small towns to retail while the opportunity is ripe. We have pointed out the road to success; and in

grocerymen. Now, a man in an interior town who formerly: bought fifty boxesa closing, we again invite the co-operation of every grower in Florida.

week during a season is afraid to buy more than a few boxes at a time, lest COUNTY ASSOCIATIONS. .

some retail dealer should get a consignment on commission, direct from Florida,
The Exchange notes with pleasure the formation of local fruit and vegetable-
and by selling low, make the former wholesale dealer lose money. Formerlythis associations in various
growers sections, and as this tends to solidify the interestsat
"fifty-box man" was the local wholesale dealer who went to New York, attended -
stake, we hope that every fruit and ,vegetable-growing county in the State will
auction sales and suppliedHhe retail dealers with a box at a time ; now his soon have one of those associations. And we cordially invite their cooperationand

business is ruined, The retail dealer, if he knew prices would be kept up would support. We will gladly furnish their officers and members with any information -

prefer to buy his fruit outright, and he could make more money than if he received desire the and
they may regarding Exchange, we hereby request the Secretaries
consignments direct from Florida at ten per cent. commission. A retail of any and all such associations now in operation to communicate with

merchant cannot afford to sell oranges for ten per cent. commission, as, for instance the officers of the Exchange for the purpose of giving and receiving such informa-

thirty-five cents on :350.:: A terrible temptation is placed in the hands of all tion will beneficial and
as prove mutually serve to bring our growers together in
these men.to "knock oiT"twenty-five cents. Commission may kick at this, but order that they may become thoroughly familiar with the issues at stake, and helpus

while I do not state all do it, I do emphatically state, and can prove, that some do, to perfect measures for their relief and benefit. .

especially if by being diligent workers they have received a much higher price! than The success of the Exchange means the success of the growers; in fact, there'is
the quotations would lead shippers to expect. Let me cite another case. A well-
no line of business in the State that will not derive more or less benefit from
known buyer came to town for oranges. lIe wanted a car-load ((250 boxes.) The fruit and
our operations. vegetable-growers once united, and their produce
The fruit commission merchant offered him a car-load at $3.50. While thinking properly handled and marketed, is bound to result in good to the whole State.

over the matter another commission man came in and cut under the first man

twenty-five cents. It is literally true that, at last, the buyer bought at 2.25, and t

even, then got so frightened at the under bidders that he only bought fifty boxes.

He fearing that some of his neighbors might buy at $1.75, and make him lose ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION.Article .


"If this careless and indiscriminate shipping is allowed to go on. oranges will 1. The name of the corporation shall be the Florida Fruit Exchange,

not pay the cost of raising. If we co-operate, oranges need never sell below $2.50 jind its principal place of business shall be Jacksonville, Fla. .

a box.in New York, and of this $1.75 should be profit to us, which is big money. Article 2. The general; nature of the business to be transacted shall be to receive -

This can only be accomplished by disposing of our fruit in the same way the prepare, distribute, and provide for the transportation and sale of oranges,

.. Mediterranean and California fruit is handled through one management. lemons and other fruits and perishable products.

"I am eating fine California apricots and peaches: now, brought 3.000 miles. Article 3. The amount of the capital stock shall be fixed at fifty thousand

\\VWiin three months Jf t/w time the California fruit-growers bamled together, rate dollars, to be divided into five hundred shares of one hundred dollars each, ten

on transportation were reduced sixty per cent., and the time lessened one-half. per cent. of which shall be paid in on the organization of the company and. the remainder -

Co-operation in Florida would do the same tiling. The Californians did not league .: as the Directors may require.

.. .


",.' ., \ ,



Article 4. The commencement of the corporation shall be this the 5th Say of Directors, and a yearly report finder oath at the annual meeting of Stockholders:
February, 1885, and it shall continue in existence for fifty years. Article 9. Dividends of the earnings of the Company may be declared by
Article 5. The officers of the company shall be a president, vice-president. the Board of Directors when in their judgment the affairs of the Company will
secretary, treasurer and auditor, and a board of nine directors, of which board the justify ; but in no case shall such devidend be made until all indebtedness shall be
president and vice-president shall be members. Such officers shall be elected on provided for.
the lth J day of March, 1885. and on the first Tuesday in February in every year The stock transfer books of the Exchange shall be closed ten days previousto
thereafter. the payment of such dividend.
Article 6. The highest amount of indebtedness. not exceed ten thousand Article 10. These By-Laws may be amended at any. regular meeting of the
dollars Board of Directors by a two-thirds vote, two weeks previous notice having been .

Article 1. Each Stockholder shall be entitled to a certificate or certificates of
stock signed by the President and Treasurer for the shares held by him. Ambler, I) G.. . . . . . . Duval county. . . . . 10 shares.
The shares of the Florida Fruit.Exchange may be transferred when desired Armstrong, J M.. . . . . . St. Johns county. . . . 2 "
on the surrender to the Secretary of the stock certificate properly endorsed when a Alvord N . . . . . . . .Putnam county. . . . 1 "
new certificate shall be issued; provided that no shares shall be transferred until Adams, Lance. . . . . . . Volusia county. . . .. 1 "
all assessments thereon shall have been paid.A Abrams A St. Clair . . . . Orange county. . . . 1 "
certificate or certificates may be issued on special order of the"Board of Di- Atwood, E C. . . . . . . .Volusia county . . . 1 "
rectors in place of the certificate or certificates lost or destroyed on satisfactory Anderson, John. . . . . . Volusia county. . . . 1 "
proof being made of such loss or destruction and'receiving adequate security to Bean, E. . . . . . . . Duval county. .. . . . 1 "
indemnify the company against any loss consequent upon the issue of such new Burbridge. J Q.. . . . . . .. Duval county. . . . . 2 ".
certificate or certificates. Barrs.AW.. . . . . . . .Duval county. . . . 2 '
Article 2. Each Stockholder shall be entitled to one vote at the meeting of Baer, B :M: . . . . . . . Duval county. . . .. . .10 .
the company fcr each-share of the stock held by him, whether he appears in per- Bradley Fertilizer Co . . . . Duval county.. . . . 5 .",
son or by proxy, made under written authority. to be filed with the Secretary. Bury & Anderson. . .. . . Duval county. . . . . 2 .
Provided, that the person appointed as proxy shall himself a Stockholder in the Burton & Harrison. . . . . Putnam county. . . . 1"
Burrin T J. . ... : . . . .Bradford county. . . . 1 u
Article 3. Special meetings of the Stockholders shall be called by the Presi- Bailey, SA..Bradford county . .. . I
dent at such times as the Board of Directors may order, or on request, in writing, Bryan, A B. . .., . . . . Bradford county . . . I "
of persons holding a majority the stock. Boothe Geo 'T.. . . . . . Orange county. . . . 1 itit
Notice of such meeting shall be given in accordance with the provisions of Beed, Knox & Beed. . . . . Volusia county . .. . 2" ,
Section 10, of Chapter 34, McClellan's Digest of the Laws of Florida.( Bailey, H B. . ... . . . . Putnam county. . . . 2 .
Article 4. The directors shall be stockholders, and shall be elected by ballotat Bacon, S II.. . . . .. . . Putnam county. . . . 1 "
the annual meeting, and shall hold their offices for one year and until their suc- Bailey, N & Son . . . .. . .Putnam county. . . . 1 .".
cessors are elected and duly installed. Vacancies in the Board of Directors shall Beach, A J. . . . . . . Putnam county . . .. 1 .
be filled by the directors, the appointment to continue until the next meeting of Bailey N A.-. Putnam county. . . . 1 "
the stockholders.At Brown, C M. . . . . . . Marion county. . . . 2 "
the first election and at all annual elections thereafter, nine directors shall Bullock, Robert. . . . . . Marion county. . . . 1 "
be chosen first. The stockholders may then proceed to the election of the other Buckelew, J A. . . ,. . . Marion county. . . . I ii
officers provided for in the articles of incorporation, or they may delegate the Bradley & Butler . . . . . Marion county. . . . 1 "
choice of such officers to the Board of Directors. The directors shall hold a regular Bennett, U 1\1. . . . . . . .Volusia county. . . . 1 '., .
meeting on the first Wednesday of each month at the office of the company. Bigelow, J G . ; . . . . Volusia county. . . . 1
They shall carefully examine the books of the Corporation and shall from timeto Bigelow, J E. . . . . . . Volusia county. . . . : 1 .
time indicate to the stockholders and to the public the policy to be pursued by Bradley, T D. ... . . . . .:. . Carbondale, Pa. . . . 1 "'
. the Corporation ; the general purposes and objects of the Corporation being Barnes L. . . . . . . . Alachua. county . . . 1 "
understood to be to arrange in the most effective manner for the proper pr para- Borders, .T E. -. . . . . . Sumter county. . . . 1 1Bufftim "
ration for market and for speedy careful and cheap transportation and judiciousand F C. . . . . . . Marion county. . . . 5",.
satisfactory marketing of oranges and other fruits and perishable products. Blake, T II. . . . . . . Orange county. . . . 1
The Directors shall have general supervision all the affairs of the Exchange Bigelow, A E. . ; :. . . . Orange county. . . . 1 "
shall direct its operations choose' its agents and employes fix the sala- Bodine, J H.'olusia county .. . . 1 ,
ries or compensations for their services, and shall provide the necessary facilitiesfor Barrellc, A. . . . . . . Putnam county. .. . . 1 '
the transaction of the business of the company. Berry, II II. . . . . . . Orange county . . . 1 "
The directors may at their discretion assign the duties of the General Manager Boyd T J. . . . . . . :. Orange county. . . . 1 "
to the President, or any other officer of the Corporation, or choose some Bartlett, C H & F H. . . . . ... .Olean. N. y. . . . . 1 "
other person for that position. Blake & Ripley..Boston, Mass . . . . 1 u
The directors shall designate three of their number to act as an Executive Boucher} Bros. . . . . . . Orange county . . . 1 "
Committee, of which Committee the President shall be ex-officio chairman. Buftmn, E II. . . . . . . Marionicotinty . . . 5 "
This Committee shall meet on Wednesday of every week at the office of. the Buffum, A H. . . . . . . New London, Conn. . :. 1 "
Exchange, shall examine the books, confer with the officers and General Manager Church 1 '111. Lee. ... . . . New York . . ... . 1 -
and shall give such directions as from time to time may be necessary, !subject Crane C G. . . . . . . Duval county. . . .. 10Cunningham. "
to the approval of the full Board of Directors at the next regular meeting. J R. . . . . . Sumter county. . . . 1 "
Article 5. In addition to the customary duties indicated by their official Canfield, II . . . . . . .St. Johns county . . .. 1 "
names, the President and Vice-President of the Exchange shall render such ser- Conant, M. . . . . . . .Duval county. . . . .. 2" ,
vices as may be required of them by.the Board of Directors. Cousins i Jas Jr . . . . . New York. .. . . ... : 2 "
Article 6. The Secretary shall keep an accurate record of all the proceedingsof Christopher G. .. . . . . Duval county. . . . .. 1 "
the Stockholders and of the Directors. Shall have the custody of all books Crosby & Gowan . . . . . .Putnam county . . ... 2 ='
and papers of the Exchange, and shall keep accurate accounts! of all its transactions Corwin, II B. . . . . . . Volusia county . . .. .. 1 .
and shall perform such other clerical duties as may from time to time be Clarke. II R. . . . . . . Volusia county . .. . . 1 "
deemed necessary. Clarke, F :?:\E. . . . . . . Dundee, Ny. . . .. . 1 "
Article 7. The Treasurer shall receive and disburse the moneys of the Cor- Colrington, C. . . ... . . .Vol usia county. . . ..... 1 "
poration, shall] sign all checks: orders, drafts or demands for the payment of Cannon J W . . . . . . .V olusia county. . . .. 1 "
money, and shall make all payments sign all notes, acceptances and other Corley. H A. . . . . . . .Sumter county. .. . .. 1 "
evidences indebtedness, and make a report at the annual meeting of his doings, Cogswell Jno F. . . . ... :. . Orange county. . .: e.. ... I ". :,
and shall perform such other duties as may from time to time become necessary, Church, H B. . . . . . . Orange county . . .... .-. 1 'a.
as the chief financial! officer of the Exchange. Clarke J Adger. .. . . . .. . .Alachua county. . . .. .. 1 "
Before entering upon the duties of -the office, he shall execute a good and Cronin, J. . . . . . . . Duval county. . .. .. .... I "
sufficient bond for such sum as the Board of Directors shall) determine, for the Coates E A. . . . . . . .:Marion county . . . I"
faithful performance of his trust. Chamblin} Z C. .. . .. .. . . ... Marion county . . .. ... I" -
Article 8. The Auditor shall examine all accounts invoices returns for sale Craft A B. . . . . .. . . .'Vesterly, R. I. . . .... I ttt .;,
of fruit and all other evidences of indebtedness and no moneys shall be paid 1 by Daniels, .T J. . . . .. . .. . Duval county . . .. .s. I *
the Treasurer except on his certification of the correctness of the demand. Durkee, JII.J . .. .. .. ... . .Duval 1 county. . .. . .. I ttt
The Auditor shall make a report, under oath, semi-anuually, to the Board ot Dutton, H i. , .d. , , ,Alachua county ; ..:a; 1 '
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Doyle, M J. . . ... . . . Orange county. . . . 10 shares. Johns, E. . . . . . . . Bradford county. . . . 1 shares.
Dancy, F L. ::: . .'. . . . .St Johns county. . . ... 1 Kedney, J S. . . . . . . Orange county. . . . 1 "
Dunham, C h;. :... . .: . . . Bradford county. . . . 1 Kedney, lIS. . . . . . . .Orange county. . . . .-2 .
Drake, Mrs C B. ... . . . . Sumter county. . . ... 1 Kennard, Sam'l J. . . . . . .Alachua county. . . . -1 "
DeWitt.WR. . .'. . . . . Putnam county. . . . 1 Keep: B B. . . . . . . . .Marion county. . . . 1 **
Dale, 'Vm E. . ... . .. . . . Duval county. . . .. . 1 Krossman.: A "V. . . . ..... . .Orange county . . . 1 'I.
Dowd, Ben .: . .: . . . Orange county. . . :. . 1 l\ing.T: B.. . . . . . . .Orangecounty. . . . 1 '*
Davies & Taylor.'.'. .". .':. . . . Orange county. :. . ::::.". 1 Keightley, Mrs E: R. . . . . .Sumter county. . . . 1 "

DeBary Fred . .... . . . .olusia county . . . '1 Knott, J W. . . . . . . Duval county. . . . . 1 "
Dutton, C K. . . . . . . Alachua county . . . 1 Kinell, Rev A. . ..... . . .. . . .Volusia county . . . 1 "
Desltoches, G. . ... .. . . . Duval county. . . . . 1 .* Knight, R A. . . . ... . . Duval county . . . . 1 %
Dix & 11'ilkins : ... . '.. '.. . Baltimore, )[d... . . : 2 Kenyon, John S. . ... . . . .Kenyon's :Mills, R 1. . . 1 "
Dupuey, V J. . . :. . . . . Marion:: county. . . . 2 *. Livingston, T II. . . . ..'. . Duval county . . . .. 1 "
Dashwood, E II. . . :. . . . Orange county. . . . 1 Livingston. B F. . .'. . . . .Alachua county . . . 1 M
DaCosta, Chas W. . .. . . . .Duv l county . . . . 1 Lewis & McCulley..Bradford county. . . . 1 **

Eichselberger, II L. . . ... . . Marion county. . . . 1 Lanier, T C. . . . . . . .Sumter county. . . . 1 '* ,
Erskine. Jas M 1\[. .... : . . . .Putnam county. . . . 1 Lanier, J C. . . . . . . Sumter county . . . 1 '* ,
Emerson, C.. . . . . Minneapolis, '. Inn.' . 1 . 2 Lente, W K. . . . . . . Volusia county. . . . .,. 2 ti..
:Fairbanks Geo R. . .. . . . Nassau county . . . 10 Leach B F. . . . . . . .Volusia county. . . . 1 "
Fairlie, James M. . . . . . Duval county. . . :. 1 Lancaster, G W . . . . . Volusia county. . . . 1 "
Fitzhugh, N R Sr... . . . . . .St. Johns county. . . . 1 0 Love, John C. . . .. . . Sumter county. . . . 1 ..
Fitzhugh, N R Jr. . . . . . .St. Johns county. . . . 1 Lee, L B. . . . . . . . Sumter county . . . 1
Finegan; Joseph. . . . . . Orange county. . . . 1 Lovell & Vail. . . . . . . Sumter county. . . . 2 ". .
Fox, Geo. . . . . . . . .Orange county. . ... . .. 1 Leavitt, W F. . . . . . . .Orange county . . . 1 "s.
Foster, Dr Henry. . . . . . Orange county. . . . 2 Leonardy, Philip . . . . .0. .Y olusia county. . . . 1 "
Farrell, Ned E. . :. . . . . .Alachua county. . . . 1 h Lockwood, V N . . . . . Volusia county . . . 1 ,&
Franklin, Jas. .. . . . . . Orange county. . . ; . 1 Livingston, J H:. . . . . . Orange county . . . 1 .. .'
Fuller, Geo .. . . . . . Marion county. . . . 1 itMEMBEKS :Mathews, JO. . : . . . . Marion county . . . 10 "
Fakes, B R. . . . . . . Marion county . . . ... 1 Miller, C ..\. v. . . . . . Duval county . . . . 1Myers
Fort, Herbert A. . . . . . Marion county. . . . 1 Rev J II. . . . . . .Clay county . . . . 1 "
French, A ''. . . . . . . Orange county . . . 1 Maxwell Anderson & Co. . . . .Putnam county. . . . 2.' '<
French })r Seth . . . . . Orange county. .'. . .. 1 Moreman, M' S. . . . . . St. Johns county . . . 1 "
Forbes, 'V T. . ::... '. . . . .Duval county. . . . . 1 ., Mattison\ G . . . . . . . Bradford county. . . . 1 "
Fuller, W :F. . . :: . . ... . .Putnam county. . : : . 1 ., Maxfield, J F & Co. . . . . New york. . . . . . 2 "
Fleming, FT. . . : . . . Duval county: . :. . . 1 Moorehouse, Jos. . . . . . .Clay county. . . : . .1 u
Fleming, F A. . . . . . . Clay county. . . . . 1 Markham, Wm. . .. . . . .Orangecounty. . . . 1 h
Fitzgerald W. . . . . . Duval county. . . . 1 Mathews\ Wm. . . . . . Duval county . . . .,. 1 it-
Flint, General F F. . . . . . Marion county. . . . 2 Moore, T W . . . . . . St. Johns county . . . 1 "
Fisk, John .J. . . . . . . Marion\ county . . . 1 Means G W . . . . . . .Alachua county. . . . 1 .
Foster, John W. . . . . . Westerly. R. I. . . . 1 Means, SC. . . . . . . Alachua county. . . ... l "
Greenleaf & Pomeroy. . . . . .Duval county. . . . . 10 h Maxwell, D E. . . . . . . .Nassau county . . . 1"' ..
Gwynn, Walter. . . .. . . .Orange county . . . 2 Moody( S W . :. i .-. . : . Marion county. . . . 1 "
Green, Daniel. . . . . . . .Marion\ county..2. Marks. It H. . . . . . . .Orange county. . . . 1 "
Griflin, Martin. . . . . . Duval county . . . . 1 Manville\ A II. . . . . . .Duval county . . . . l' .
Green, E W. . . . . . . Marion county . . . 1 ." Maxwell, G Troup. . . . . Marion: county. . . . 1 "_ -- -
Gill & Protios. :. . . .' . . . Sumter county . . . 2 uGold'r. Magruder, C B. . . . . . Brevard county. . . . lMitchell "
Jos . . . . . . .Volusia county. . . . 1 J D. . . . . fI/IIIIA./ . .Volusia county. . . . 1 h
Greegor, J. . . . . . . Duval county. . . . . 1 Moore, J Nat..Sumter county. . . . 1 .
Gingrass, G J. . . . . . ; .Bre\ ard county. . . . 1. h Martin, Dr E. . . . . :. . Change county. . . . 1 "
Greeley, J C. . . . . . . Duval connty.:1: Murphy, G W. . . . . . . .Alachua county. . . . 1 "
r Gould, Thos B. . . .:. . . Philadelphia Pa. . . .. 1 Mumby, FV.. . . . . .' . Duval county. . . . . 1 .,.
Hill, E J. . . . . . . . Bradford county. . . . 1 Moran, J K. . . . . . . Cairo, Ill. . . . . . 1 "
Hayden, J A. . . . .. . . .Orange county . . . 1 ". McMillan T. 0. . . . . Alachua county. . . . 1 "
Higgins, Edward . . .. . . Duval county. . . . . 1 McQuaid, P. . . . . . . Duval county. . . . . l "
Ilarris,Jas A. . .. . . . . Marion\ county. . . ... . 1 .. McKee, W I. . . . . . . Orange county. . . . 1 "
Helm, C.H . . . . . . ... .Volusia county . . . 1 :. McKee Geo II. . . . . . .Sum pter county. . . . 10 "
Hart, E 1!. . . . . . . . Putnam county. . . .-. i MeLaughlin, R. . . . . . .})nval county. . . . . 1 "
Hart, II: L. . . . . . . . Putnam county. . . . 1 ,. McCabe\ B F. . . . . . . .Charleston S. C. . . . I :
Heather Island Orange Grove Company.Marion\ county. .'. . . '.. 1Howrey Norris Geo H. . . . . . .Volusia county. . . . 10 .,
J W & Co. . . . . .Volusia county . . . 1 u Nicholls, Geo B. . . . . . Boston, Mass . . . . 1 "
Hays, S P. :. . . . . . . .Volusia county. :. ... . . 1 Northrop, W II S. . . . . . .Volusia county . . . I u
Hunter, J A. . . ... .,. . .. . Sumter county . . . 1 Nicholl, Harry F. . . . . . Duval county. . . . . I "
Horn, John Jr. . . . . . Orange county . . . 1 ., Nicholl, EV. . . . . . '. .Duval county. . . . . 1 ..
Hopson, V L. . :. T. . . . .Sulntercounty. . . . 1 Osteen, liE. . . . . . . .Volusia county. . . . 1 .
Hart, A B. . . . . . . . Columbia county. . . . 1 Odiorne, W H. . . . . . Orange county. . . . '1 "
IIardon, Wm. . . . . : . Columbia county. . . :. 5 Ott, Geo V . . . . . . Bradford county . . . 1 "
Hallock, L 1I . . . . . . Portland; Me\ . . . ,. 1 h Paine, Jas II. . . . . . . Duval county . . . . 10 0"
Harding, E H. . . .: . . . .Putnam county. . . . 1 Parker S. . . . . . . Duval county. . . . . 1 "
Hand H P. . . . . . . .Volusia county. . . . 1 u Pillow, W 11..1>uval county. . . . . 2 "
Hawkins, W W. . . . . . Putnam county. . . . I' u Palmer, It A. . . . . . . Meriden\ Conn. . . . 1 ".
Henderson, Geo W . . . . .Marion county. . . . 1 ., Phelps, Lyman . . . . . Orange county. . . . .- 2 h.

Hutchinson, Henry. . . . . Putnam county. . :. . 1 Parsons John. . . . . . . Hernando county . . . 1 '. .
Hubbard & McDuiT\ . . . . .Duval county. . . . . 5 Phares, A .J..Sumter county. . . . 1 ,. .'
IIiU 'er's Sons, Virgil. . . . . Nassau county. . : . . 1 hHigley Paine. E ''. . . ... . . . . Duval county . . . . 1 ?. "
& Smith. . :. . . . .Chicago, Ill. . . .; . 5 Palmer, E L & Co. . . . . . Baltimore, \h1.: . . . 1. ,; q
Inglis, John L. . . . .:. .; . Madison' county . . . 1 1'atterson\V R. . . . . . ..- .St..Johns county . . . 1 .
Irwin, Walter. . . ... . . . Louisville, Ky.: . . . .1 Potter, DC. . . . . . . .Willimantic, Conn. . . 2 .
Ives, A Mr. . . . :. ., . . Duval county. . ,,:. ., 5 Parce, \'" W & Co . . . . . .Volusia county./ r ""
Jones, C. H. . .. . . . . . Duval county. . . . 1 ". Putnam, A. . . . . . . Volusia county. . . . 1 "
Jamison E. . . . . . . Duval county. . . . . 1 Phillips, ND..Alachua county. . . . ( ,"
Johnson, Clinton. . . . . . Orange county. . . ; 1 Prince, 0V.. . . . .. . . Orange county . . . 1 -.
Jackson, Wm . ;1. 11; . ,4Voluaia county, . .t. 1 -u Powell, W H & Co .0. i i ; . i. ; i. Ii .Philadelphia Fa . i. i. i. 2i II

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Peacock, 1B.. . . . . . . .St. Johns county:. n . 1 shares. Thomas, J W. . . . . . .-. Putnam county. . . . 1 shares.
Price. B R. .. . .. .. .. . . . .Duval county. ... . . . 1 Thayer, I. M. . . . . . . .Marion county. . . . 2 "
. '" Powell, BH. ....., ... ... . . .Duval county . : . 1 Thacker, 0 R. . .*. . . . . Putnam county. . . . 1 .*
Phelps, Wilson . . .". :. . . .Orange county. . . . :. 1 Trowel? N J. . . . . . . Orange county. . . .. . 1 **
Rollins, John F. . . . ; . . .Duval county. . . . . 1 Thrasher A ?\1. . .'. . . . . .Orange county . . . 1 "
Rooks, 0 P. ..... ... .. . . . .Marion\ county . .. . 1 Thorpe, J C. . . . . . . Orange county . . .. ... 1 "
Rogers, J Thos . . . . . .Putnam county. . . . ,. 1 Tuttle, I.J R. . . . . . .'. Duval county . . . . 1 "
Rixford, Geo.C... . . . . . Sawannee county. .. . . I Tabor, JO. . . . ... . . . Orange county. . . . 1 "
Robinson, C .L.-. .. :. :. . . Duval.... county: . . . : 1 Taylor, W H. . . . : . . .Volusia county. . ... ... 1 "
Reed, II: W . . : . . . . ." aycross, Ga. . . . 1 Tjler-Jno F. ... . . . . : Duval county . . .. 1 "
Russell, J. S. . . . . . . Putnam county . . . 1 Turner, 1P. . .-. . . .... . .D uva I county . ..... : .. 2 "
Rogers, T L... ... . .: . . . Volusia county. ... . . 1 Thompson, S C. . . . . ... . Duval county . . . .. 1 "
4 Humph Geo B. . . . . _.. . Orange county . : :;. . 1 ., Warburton, P E. . . .. . . . Polk county . .". . .. 1 H
Rogers, D D... . . :. . .-. . Volusia county . . .. 1 Woodbury. ED. . . . .'. . .Cheshire Conn .. . . 1 "

Roberts, A P & Sons. .. .. . . . .Sumter county . . .. .. . 1 Wright" A D. . . . . . . Orange county . . . 'I "
Rooks, W A. .. .. . . . . . Sumter county. . . . 1 '" Webster, J K & Son . . . . Orange county. . ... ... 1 "
: Rogers, "1'.0.& Cp.. ..... .,. .. . . Boston, Mass . . . . 1 Williams, II S,. . . . . . Brevard county . . .. . 1 "
Rou,. Adam.B. . ... ..... ...1. . . Marion county.. . .. . 1 Waldron... E V. . . . . . . .Volusia county. . . .. .... 1 "
: Reynolds, Jno C. . . .. . . Waycross, Ga. . . . 1 5'Vr;ght, IJ H . . . . . . .Volusia county. . . . 1 .
Russell, Jno K... ..... ..... ... . . . Barker county . . . 1 'h Wright, C II & S B. . . . . Volusia county . . . 1 "
Rice, M C. . . . . . . . Dural county. . . . 1 ,. White, C B. . . . . . . .Volusia county. . . . I "
Stanton, Wm E. . . . . . Putnam county . . . 10 Weaver, P B. . . :. . . . .Sumter county. . . . 1 ".
Sayles, L W. . . . . . . Bradford county. . . : .-. 1 Wilson E A. . . . . . . Orange county. . . . 1 ."
Starke, Mrs\ J M. . . :. . . Volusia county . . . 1 Warner, S C. . . . . . . Putnam: county. . . . .: 2 "
Sampson, F. G. . . . . . Marion county. . . . .10 Watts & Lanier . . . . . Sumter county . . ... ..1 "
Stone, Isaac. . ... .'.. . . . .Volusia county . .'. .:. ; 1Seiser Wilson, G W.. . . . . . . Marion county. . . .. ... 1 "
& Vining. . . . . . Volusia county . ... . . 2 Watson, J Beauchamp. . . . .Orange county . . . 1 .,
Saussey, G N . . ... . . . Nassau county. . .. . 1 .. "
Warde, A B. . . . . . . .Duval county . ... . .. v. 1
Shepard, Mrs J C. . .. . .. . Putnam county. . . . 1 Welton, W B. . . . . . . Northampton: Mass . :. 1 "
Smith, JF. . . ... . . . Nassau county. . .'. . . 1 Whitner, R H. . . . . . . Orange county . . . 1 "
Smith, W II. . . .. .; . . .:Marion county. . . . 1 Willard, Chas 1V..ti . . . . Westerly.. R. I. . . .... 1 -' "

Stubbert E. . . . . . . .Marion: county . ,. ... . ISmith Young, John F. . . . . . .Du val county.. ... .. . 1 "
,- M L. . . ... . . . .Volusia county. ... .. ... . 1 Yancey. D II . . . . . . .Orange county . . .,. .. 1' tc
Stapylton, G C & Co . . .. . :. Sumter county. . . ., . 1 "

Shine, T J. . . . ..... . . . Orange county .. r.. . J "
Sauls, Geo. . .'. . . . . . .V 01 usia county. . . . 1 OFFICERS.
Sheppard, Wm. . . . . . .Volusia county. ..,,. ..... . 1 .U President, Major Geo. R. Fairbanks, Fernandina. .
Sinclair i J G. . . . . ... . Orange county . ... ..... 1 YicePresidentInjor:: Geo. II. Norris, Spring Garden CeiitreGeneral
.. Sims, W II. . . . : . . Columbus, Miss . ..... ... 1"I I Manager and Treasurer, Albert :M.: Ives, Jacksonville.
Stapleford. C A. . . . .. . . .Louisville, Ky.:1: Secretary, M. P. Turner Jacksonville.
Shinier, F A W . . . . . .Volusia county. . . . l Auditor, S. J. Bradley, Jacksonville. .
Stockton, T T. . . . . . . Duval 1 t
Stockton, Telfair. . . . . . Duval county. . . . . l "
Stockton, Jno N C. ... . . . . .Duval county. . .... . . 10 DIRECTORS-188fi.
Sandeman :Frank. . . . . . .Duval county. . . . . 2 B. M. Baer, Duval county.
Segar, Jas S..11'esterly, R I. . . . . 1 I). Greenleaf, Duval county. .
Segar, S Il. . . . .. .. .': . .Westerly, It I. . .. . . I "' Geo. R. Fairbanks, :Nassau county. .
Tillson, D. . ... .,. . . . .Sumter county .. .. . 1 F.-G. Sampson, Marion county.
Tischler, P. . . ... . . lIuval: county. .. . .* . . 1 Geo. II. Mcl oe. Sumter county.M. .
Tysen & Smith . . '.' .". . . .Duval county . . . . 2 : J. Doyle, Orange county. ,
Toller, W W... . . . . . ...Glenwood. Va . . . 1 Geo. II. Norris. Volusia county.
Taber, Geo L. . . .-. . . . Baker county. . . .. . I Rev. Wm. E. Stanton, Putnam county.C. .
Tiffany, E:: C & C JS. . ... . . .Putnam county. . . . 1 H G. Crane, Duval county. .

SPECIAL ADVERTISEMENTS. :Malaria. I Plant none but the Nunan Strawberry. Consumption Cured.
Twenty-five hundred dozen bottles of 5,000 plants for 10. An old physician, retired from practice -
Tile .Jacksonville* Belt Kailroad Ague Conqueror ordered in one month. 10,000 plants for 15. having had placed in his hands by
Running around the City of Jacksonville It positively eradicates Malaria, Fever I For sale by BEX PARTRIDGE, an East India missionary the formula ofa
and connecting the F. & J. Branch and Ague. Billions and Intermittent I I Monticello, Fla. simple vegetable remedy for the speedyand
with the Main Line of the Florida Rail Fevers in any climate. Read our book I: J Ji permanent cure of Consumption: ,
way & Navigation Go's lines, was openedfor of one thousand testimonials. j i For Sale. 'i iI i Bronchitis, Catarrh, Asthma and all
operation Monday, September 27th. I DUE WEST, S. C., March\ 12/1883. j A Western cow warranted to give four Throat and Lung Affections, also a positive -
All trains for Fernandina and inter- G. G. GREEN DearSir :-We will soon ,! gallons of milk, with a young calf. She and radical cure for Nervous Debil-
mediate points, as well as trains on the need more Ague Conqueror. It is taking I is now dry and supposed to be with calf. ity and all Nervous Complaints, after having -
Western and Southern Divisions like 'hot cakes" and giving satisfaction. tested its wonderful curative
now i She is nine years old and has been in powers
arrive and depart in Jacksoville from the Yours, ELLIS BROS. I.i j Florida four )'ears. in thousands of cases, has felt it his duty
elegant new depot of the F. R. & N. Co's' : Address "T," care of DISPATCH, I, to make it known to his sutl ring fellows.
foot of Hogan St., in the immediate center FAIKFIKLD, ?Io., Aug. 2'J, ISB I Jacksonville, Fla. I Actuated by this motive, and a desire to
of the business portion of the city. G. G. GKEEN, Dear Sir-Your Ague I eI i relieve human suffering, I will send, free
The old depot of the F. & J. R. R. has Conqueror knocks the Chills and Dumb Rocky Branch Nursery, Moiiticello, .Fla of charge to all who desire it, this recipein
been discontinued. i Ague every time. I warrant every bottle I German, French or English, with full
Parties IcC'ontePear
and it never fails. I have cured l cases intending purchase
A. MCDONELL, \ directions for preparing and using. Sent
I trees will do well 1 to place orders
where quinine had no effect whatever.
Genl. Passenger: Agent. I ; by mail by addressing, with stamp, naming -
with before the to I
me season plant
Yours, truly, W. H.: SHAW & CO. opens.I
this W. NOYES
4 A. 149 PfYW-
have choice stock of and t paper
---- -*- -- a one, two
"Silence has charms. Esterbrook'seasy For Sale.Mobile three-year-old trees, and will not be un- er's' Block, Rochester, N. I".
writing also charm by their or Improved Nunan Strawberry dersold. Correspondence with --.-
quiet, noiseless. action. Stationers sell Plants for sale. Price 3.00 per solicited. For Sale Cheap.
them. 1,000. Larger quantities on application. B. W. PARTRIDGE, Thirty thousand young sweet orange
.4 Delivered at the wharf: or railroad sta- Proprietor, and lemon seedlings.
In every community there are a number tion. I have raised strawberries for the -*_._.- DEPOINCEY,
of men whose whole time is not occupied past six years, and tried more than twenty -I I he Arcadia Nursery Monticello Florida. Box 18, Manatee, Fla.
such as teachers, ministers farm- >-.-.
varieties, and. f find this the best. .
er's sons and 'others. To these classes D. B. :MILLS, The J popular Hotel with tourists who
especially we would say if you wish to Welaka, :Fla. For one, two three-year-old LeConte visit Savannah, Ga., is the Harnett
make several hundred dollars during the 4 pear trees. Also a full list of other pears House. which shows a larger list of daily
next few months, write :at, once to B. F. CH".a, "n :Seed." and apples grafted on LeConte-roots. I arrivals than any other Hotel in that
Johnson & Co., of Richmond, Va., and Persons wanting Cassava Seed writeto Address Arcadia Nursery, J. H. Girar- [ pleasant city Chicago National Hotel

they will show, you how. .to do it. .Postmaster. .,. .Waveland" Fla. deau, proprietor,.Monticello, Fla. 1 I Reporter.

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____ _-_ -_-__- --_-_-- __-N-___---_--,__ --_ _,-__ DR JOHN BULL'SSmitli's
-- ---- -- -y--------------

Copies of the DISPATCH-issues of Octo- is a 20 to2-pago TilE FLORIDA weekly,devoted DISPATCH to .\GRICULTURE S: B. HUBBARD & CO.

ber 11th and 18th. Address HORriCULTUKE, INDUSTRY and IMMIGRATION Tonic SYTIlD
: in FLORIDA and the COAST MELT$
4ti Publisher.Fertilize .
Per Annum, $:!.OO. Six Months, $1.00. Three
Months, 50c.
With Upland Cotton Seed,at $12 per ton. Club Kates. DEALERS FEVER and AGUE
In clubs of 50 each In
lour. 81 annum.
For prices on car-load lots address per Hardware Stoves and) Tin-ware
clubs el/ ati 2.i each per annum. In clubs ,
MAYS & PARTRIDGE, 'of twelve I $1.00 each per annum. Or CHILLS and FEVER
Sash Doors and Blinds Paints ,
Monticello, Fla. With Other Publications. ,

We club with every periodical published in Oils and: Varnishes Pumps' AND ALL MALARIAL DISEASES.The .
Teacher WantedIn the United States and Great Britain. Rateson
application. proprietor of this celebrated medicine
Lead and Iron Pipes Sn-
a private family to teach three chil- Remittances ,
justly claims for it a superiority over all remedies
dren, ages twelve ten and eight; teacher and bus'ness conespondenre should be ad. gir Mills, Leather and ever offered to the public for the SAFE,

middle aged, accustomed to country life, dressed toCHAS. CERTAIN, SPEEDY and PERMANENT cure
W. DACOSTA Publisher llnhber 15 1 It< and
and of Northern birth preferred. Teachercan ,
Jacksonville Florida. of Ague and Fe veror Chills and Fever,whether -
be as one of the family. For partic- Mill Stipples of short or long standing. He refers to the

ulars write at once. References ex- Special Notice to New Subscribers.The entire Western and Southern country to bear
changed. Address of every description. him testimony to the truth of the assertion

GRANVILLE PLATT, attention of those contemplating that in no case whatever will it fail to cure if I

2ti Tampa, Fla. subscribing to the DISPATCH is A "NEW the directions are strictly followed and carried
-'-.4- called to our Special Clubbing Ar. out. In a (great many cases a single dose has ...
L i been sufficient for a cure, and whole families
Florida Orange Grove for Hale.
rangement with the l Weekly N. Y.: have been cured by a single bottle,with a perfect -
Twenty acres good land ; 1200 trees, World. Two dollars and fifty cents restoration of the general health. It is,
200 bearing 3000 trees in Deere &
nursery, secures the Weekly World and FLOR- Company however,prudent,and in every case more cer-
hurt by freeze, buildings etc. health'and
; tain to cure,if its use is continued in smaller
water good. Price low-terms easy. IDA DISPATCH for one year including doses for a week or two after the disease has

i Drawer M, Jacksonville. Fla. 8ti as a premium a copy of the MOLINE, ILLINOIS. I been checked,more especially in difficult and
9 JVorld's History of the United States, Two Horses can do the worK of Three. long-standing cases. Usually this medicine
Calcined ll umus. will not require any aid to keep the bowels in
The following statement by Hon. J. T. a neatly bound book containing the good order. Should the patient, however,re-

Wofford, important and to the point. history of our country up to the pres- quire a cathartic medicine,after

Mr. Wollbrd is one of the garden kingsof ent time. Address the publisher of II SAVING 0 OF F ONETHIRDIN i three or four doses of the Tonic,a singe dose

FORT MASON FLA., June 20, 188G. this paper or the N. Y. World. THE COST OF PLO WIML I will be sufficient. Use no other.

I have watched with interest the .-.-. u I
process. of the manufacture great of Calcined Parker Guns. 24 Inches Turned heretofore with reqquir lame power for 1 16 inches ; DR. JOHN BULL'S

Humus at Dr. Hick's works. I believehe Attention is called to the ad- SMITH'S TONIC SYRUP,

has solved the problem of fertilizing vertisement of this excellent make of BULL'S SARSAPARILLA, ,
for our State. I have the fullest faith in
guns which appears in this issue of BULL'S WORM DESTROYER, _
C. H., for these reasons:
1st. The material of which it is composed the DISPATCH. The Parker scores The Popular Remedies of the Da]. '

(Humus), is of the purest and best. the best record of any gun manufac-

2d. In the process of manufacture the tured in this country, and should any Principal Office,831 Main St., LOUISVILLE KY.

vegetable matter is not destroyed, but of the many thousands of readers of --------

sweetened and purified-only a portionis PRIVATE SCHOOL
reduced to its elements. the DISPATCH at any time buy a gun, ,

3rd. Abundant potash is obtained from get a Parker. Primary, Preparatory ments., and Academic Depart-

the calcined and from the I The Publisher ordered
part great has-just a
quan- :Miss S. P. FLEMING, A. B., a graduate of
tity of Saw-Grass roots which are re- magnificent one from the manufac- ----.---.---- __ Cornell University, having had many years'
duced experience in of the best school in the .
to ash and mixed with the already some
prepared Muck. turers, which they promise in finish The greatest ploy ::1 rove:1et:: cf the tines> States of New York and Ohio,assisted by an
able corps IIf teachers, offers to the public superior -
and not to be excelledby
I am now using it with the utmost con- workmanship THE "NEW DEAL" WHEELED advantages for thorough education

fidence. J. T. WOFFOKD.Correct. any in this State. It will be kepton Hoarding Department in charge of an accomplished -
I lady. For further particulars inquire -
------ exhibition Hubbard's hardwarestore
of Principal at 9 East :Monroe Street.
of this city on its arrival here
--- - ---- -
Mr. Editor: C. H. G. is correct, and SINGLE AX1> DOVltLE FURROW. '
when all have an opportunity of If!OK; ALL. $30 n week
no doubt many will agree with him in may THE ">'EW DEAL" is lighter in draft and more WORK and l expenses paid. Valuable -
all he says in your issue of 23d inst. inspecting for themselves. Read the easily bundled than n hand plow, and cuts amore outfit and particulars
Those who haven't the muck beds will advertisement. uniform furrow. free. P. O. VICKEUY, Augustx! Maine. .

find what they need in buying Hicks' TilE "SEW DEAL" H lighter iu draft, lighter in -- .
"Calcined Humus 10 weight, and lighter in price than a. sulky plow,
at $ per ton, delivered ALBERT FRIES
and will do all its work. ,

at their nearest railroad depot or JVEeteoroIogical.] i ilag1rraM THE NEW DEAL) Gang; cuts 21 inches with the ST. NICHOLAS, FLA., ..
steamboat landing. Address C. H. Red-
draft of a 16 i inch hand plow' -a saving of 50 percent AGENT FOB
ding, General Agent, Lane Park, Fla., --- -, -- --- -- in labor. Voce all the work of a Cour- ::A: GI:O. KAKEIDS
for circular, telling what "Calcined -I I burst riding gang with one less horse and little ;. .

Humus" is, and what good for. ...,. I .-.a 'a:t'd"'s.:a: : a: < more than half the cost. ROTTED BONE MANURE
--- THE "NEW DEAL" Plow* am ALL STEEL,
.. JO' CJ ,
W a.c'-- x: a = ti5co Decomposed with Potash.
For Cash In Thirty Days, 91'U18 egWand I wUUUG :x.x.. ] insuring preatrxt f.rength: } with lightest weight. Price S21 per ton,free on board In Jacksonville
oo 'Ii : This! is no untried and rickety experiment, andth.It Samples of different grades of Kertilzer,
At one-half price paid now, I will deliver CO fcg:I ---- cc claims are not made recklessly to attract attention. put up by Mr. Baker, ran be seen at the German

from my nursery of 40,000 trees 500 to !- OMM 'Al WB)*c**10_- _n C.O. This system is the outgrowth of careful: Dfiig:; Store, 19 E Bay St. Jarksouvllle.
1,000 trees budded from "1tladarne's .. llgpnusa11 I rat co ac os os cs C.O obf-ervation: and experiment reaching over :11 periodof Send 2-cent stamp for ca alogue. .
orange -N ynr-, with a rational view of the requirements I .
------ ----
Vinous" (the finest orange in the > "5tj of the times.

State), at railway dock Titusville, Indian ..Q.,. ::: 'AZlaojaA! ;;
River, in lots of 300 to 500, as per order of o __ ___ j and the ino-t economical plows ever placed in the
purchaser this season.C. O.. -g_ "Sin market. Send for circular. .

B. MAGIIUDEK, c fo4< 'ao11aa11Q State Agents for the above I'low.
1m Rock Ledge Home. :a o rzzzzzzW

C 2 f'lOO. I
c.::.a: I sujpdjpunq :,.'.XIP Deere & Co's Steel Pony 1, 2 and'1 fA 1)r. w2 ."

.x) 0 f'I PUB saqouj; u\\ S I3SSSS. >= 3-Horse Steel Plows, Riding, I II
Sogre.tfourf.itDwec.ororepoudewsufferer <<- V/alking and Plain Culti- .
,w.will enough convince, j it. .AM:: f Q.7; vators. Prepared from the recipe of Dr. Stephen
free. B.S. LAPVKKBACH & Co. smart,N.J. I 1 I,I x .(118< I C'..' Sweet, of Connecticut, the natural none Set-
-- --------- -- Q a UtK t'-r---- oc;;): 5 .::;:: ter. Has been used' for more I than 50 yearn,
$700 to $2 0-OO.A \'I'AR, clear 01 i < a _I -:=:-. ;:'.... and is H.e best known remedy) for Kheuirotism -
bi z... : I
expensecan ,Neuralgia, pmhi! :, truse'Cuts! Bu
: made working for Uo(. Agents preferred who L. .to..:. CD wuwIUIJ'r9l'I :" -s. y;: : Planet J Cultivator, and Garden Tools, Wounds and all external Injuries.
.c I
can furnish their own horses and give their o,... TQ h ,
whole time to the business. Snare moment. Wflihi'Urn & MoensKA SOLD BY ALL UnUGGIS'l'S-TUY IT.
; '
may be profitably employed also. A lew vacancies WWIX1JJrCXf I ) COQ t-- oS'::: 0r I ------- ---------
in towns and cities. B. F.JOHNSON .. It UI:J) iVIKi:; FKNCINU.
1013 Alain eco r G I Temperance Amorg th3 Children.
& CO., _St., Richmond, Va. L .
--- ---- ---- ..I.aWO.l1JH. I a 0 81!.: g L c: We keep the largest btock of
INDUCEMENTS TO NEW SUliSCItl1SE11S. ooo. .o. ..:.. ,"i. I .. Juvenile Temperance :Manual. .,.:' .$0Z3 .
ca:) SIIsQ ..M :Q "'-c::; t- '..UUUULTUU.\.14; IMPLEMENTS: Juvenile Temp ram-e Reciter, No 2 . 10
U-U3J'"I I
Liberal Offer. 1' -- The House that Hum Built . -
Clubbing o :-: : -= :-:- yo: a in the Stat. I Catechism on Alcohol. ._ .' ft.
The Weekly New York World, the Florida u .: :. :. :. .: .. = = = Blackboard Temperance Le sons, No.2. 10
IMxpatch, and an elegant, copy of the o I : : :, : .O''C.. <:;1 Catalogues and Prices sent free Corresp ond Primary Temperance Catechism.. '15 ,
World's History of the United States-all : i : : : ......: ac.. ; ence elicited. J
: .tC.< : .c. q A full defocr'ptl"c catalogue of J :
for 82.50 Thl offer made
caps any by t'U
K u---_:; ... ance publications bent free application.
any newspaper In the country. E "- ::I. II:-I' Address upon
H C: io") rl: ICD. .
<:; Address
Address C. W. DACOSTA, .<.., ,. d")..d... d 't.. .cc f.:
Jacksonville, Flu, .. .... u C::a e.-g :: s Gri.. .:"A::'-0 E- S. B. HUBBARD & CO. NATIONAL TE3IPEUANCK SOCII:rY. _:
THE WOULD, ;::; o o .:; ==z J. N. ST ARKS, Publishing Agent, '. ".
Park now, New York City. 1 11 .-,
t17aCrhh: Jacksonville, Fla. W Reade Street, New York

'. "
,,.:',- "
I "
.: ..:' ;4'
.. ,,-
',. ,
... ,,'''-''" "1-' .
::'"',t""'_ -: -{ /;?:. ,; "

.. ,


-- .', ....-...'. i yen



... "
'" '. .
740. f. ==THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.: [OCTOBER 25, 1886.







f Lon-est! Kate of Freight. AlAVuys Given.
= {
Cabin ,.' .. .... ... ." ....... .,.. ,... .. .,..' 82! f
Steerage.Kxcur . ,... ..,... ." ....' ..... .. ........ 12
"loti Pickets.....,... ........ ..... '". ..... '" 41( +, r This Line offers to the Traveling Public and Shipoersof Vegetables -
The Ina niticent Iron Steamships of this Line will sail from t and Oranges the Quickest t and Only Direct Line to New
FiiRNANIHN, FL \., for NEW YOllK,alter arrival of trains :y, York
Irom Jackfionvl, Cedar Key, Orlando and other points In JLit as-Through Tickets and State-rooms secured In advance at
,. South. FloMda. all points in } grains leave .F. lt.t; N. Co'shln Depot, foot of HoganCARONDELIT
...... ...... .. ....... ... ....Thursday,Oct.21 street at 9.2>a ra ami 5 p +in,on salll-ig days, connecting with
STATE .KTKXAH .Thursday Oct.2i St,'urn ships at Fernandina.
CITY OF SAN ANTONIO..... ..................Saturday,Oct. "0 -- l!-For Tickets aid State-rooms and farther information,
CAR.)DELh.T ............................Wednesda;, Nov. 3 apply to -

R. W. SOUTHWICK, Agent, Fernandina, Fla. A. H. CR 1'PEN, Gen'l Traveling Agent. J. M. CUTLER, Pass. Agent,83 West Bay St.,Jacksonville, Fla.

-- ------- --- ---
-- -- --
_-_- -- ---- -
---- ---- ---- ---- -


8uCo Deposit hnfc.

;'' open Dally (Sunday: and Legal Holi.Uy.; excepted). B inking hours 1)) a. m. to :l p; m. -
Safe Pepos t hours 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. Great Reduction in PricesUNTIL

Fire and Burglar Proof Boxes for Rent, $10, $15 and $20 per Year. .

'Y. N. IIAKEIl, Cashier HENRY A. DENGM, ;Mnttnpcr.
OCT O B fl. Is't.When ,

ORANGE BOX SUPPLIES, ETC. we will remove to No. 41 to 4Q West Bay street.. Call at once and obtain our reduced
prices before purchasing..


_. __ __ No.26V4 and 28_ _Ocean. ___ _street___City.- -
-- .- u
Box Stuff --- ---- -- --- --- -- -- --- ---- --------- --
. Orange Hoops or WrapsGET MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS. .
------ ---- -- -----
--- -- ----



12 West Bay- Street,Jacksonville, Fla. BIG BA Ii G A INS. .
I have purchased at a rare bargain the entire stock: of Pianos and Organs of A. Peterson,
OKO. K. FOSTER. JAS.A. MARVIN. LAWRENCK. : HAYNES. of Gainesville and Palatka,atd for next thirty days will make a grand clearing sale of these
: instruments and my present stick of Pianos and l Organs. Rare bargains can be had as I go
.H GEO. R FOSTER & Co. North at an early date to make arrangements! for an entirely new stocK of Pianos and Or-
gans. As 1 altl not in the habit of advertising' in the nsuat. sterel>ty.ed "thirty day bar-
gain"style, parties will understand that [ mean business and will offer genuine baryntH
while the sale lasts. A. B. CAUiMBEiiL'S MUSIC HOUSE, Jacksonville.TAILORS. .
_______h________ -

------ ---- --- ---- ----- -
-- --
------------- -- -- -
-- -- ---- ----
r = ,
"' ;- The neatest, most durable and cheapest box In the market. A full stock of ------ -- -- i

W1/I.: CI:: ;

Always on hand lowest prices. State Depot for '
'- l
,,_ .
'. W I'I'I
Cotton Seed Meal and Canada Unleached Ashes at bot.om pricesNo. English, Parisian and New York Styles. ,

.30.West Bay Street, JACKSONVILLE, Flu\ I ; I

'. PRODUCE DEALERS. Pants, from $6 to $15 ; Suits, from $25 to65. !

\ IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERSIN I Workmanship,Cut and Finish Unsurpassed.If .

I you want Complete Satisfaction and Guaranteed Fit call on me at

": i Foreign and Domestic Fruit and Vegetables -- No.72% W. Bay Jacksonville, Fla.

of Florida solicited -- --- ------ ----
Consignments returns --
Oranges prompt made. ----------- --
--'-- -- -- --- ---- ------ -- ----- ------- -


:. No. 170 Pay St., Savanimli, Ga. \

H :I: R. A. 1\1.1: .A. .tL- JR.. .3G y S
'v MEttlD N COIN
Indian River 4 ,
OrangeDepot, I .4. _

.. Postolll e Box 173.

.. Consignment 0 Oranges, Poultry and Kergs: ; bollrited.! orange Wrans' oh r+ tilli- !t. i jlll""ii I i
8%c, 11 xII I %., 12x12:! ll-ic. Guaranteed lull count .ud uniform quality. 1-r t

lie'ers by permission to National B'luk of the:-;th.1ank ol Jacksonville,and :r.\SIMI.! ,
Smith &Co.

Makers =
-- -- -- -- -- -- --- Parker Bros.

: .L-3D: : :PWW II.A.] LAY', ,

New York Salesroom, 97 Chambers St.
The PARKER leads them all in hard hitting .qualities. At the Sec and Annual Tournament
TltPATVU IN" of the Chamberlain Cartridge Company held at Cleveland,Ohio,Sept. II, 1840, out of
Eighty-seven entrees from representative shuts representing fourteen htates the PARKEIt
Railroad, Sleathboit: and Mill Supplies, Pure White l Lead, Zinc and Colors, Glass, Putty, Gun won first and third money of the 1Ir-t class of U)scores, winning 900 out of the SI.'JUU
Varnishes Brushes, Plain ana Decorative Wall Paper, Doors,Sashes, Blinds, etc. purse offered,adding another victory to 18s.! i which was the Stcond International Clay I Jg- ,.
,.. Mixed Paints, all Shades and Colors-write for estimate. Locks, Sash- eon Tournament for the Championship of the World, held at New Orleans, La. -
: Weights,Cord, King's, Screws: ,etc. Lime, Plaster, Hair and Cement. 11th to 16th. PAKKFIC BUGS., Makers,Meriden;Conn.
";:, r.Whltaker, President and York Streets, - SAVANNAH,,GA. For reference as to merits,address the Editor of this p Ip.r.

: '". .
'.Yo.,. .

.\,. ,', .. ... .,-:, ; ,

7" '. ." .-- .. .. .. -,0'-"

\ t'

.M- ... _0' -'''--_.'..4:.- ', -

-.'!-, '..
'. '

'", OCTOBER 25, 1886.] THE- FLORIDA DISPATCH.: 741




A full line of Nursery Stock now ready for Fall an J Winter planting.: CROP. ALL VARIETIES. .

Best Varieties of Budded Trees a Specialty-Trees of all sizes.
Send for Catalogue. Our stock is selected with special reference to the wants of Market-Gardeners from the

San Mateo,Fla. Best and Most Reliable Strains.In .

3sP Valrico Nurseries order to introduce our Seeds more generally to the Florida trade,we have made speciallow
0 19. o prices for this season. We offer as follows:
e TROPICAL AND SUBTROPICAL El per bushel. per pound.
WOOD'S EXTRA EARLY PEAS. .3.O0 BEETS, lending varieties ..... ...........$0.35
m CLEVELAND'S FIRST AND BEST PEAS.. 2.75 TOMATOES, leading varieties.............. 1.50
I Catalogue Free.i [ PHILADELPHIA EXTRA EARLY PEAS.... 2.50 BERMUDA ONION SEED. ..,.............-.. 1.50
0 RED VALENTINE BEANS ._. _..... _.._. 3.00 CUCUMBER,leading varieties.............. t Co
W. G. TOUSEY, Ftf g.S :MOHAWK, OR Six WEEK'S BEANS ...... 3.00 SQUASH.. _.. .. -.-... .--- ..- ...............00 to 90
< Seffher, Hiilsborough Co., Fla. Other Seeds proportionately] low. Send for our Market Gardeners'price list.
:No. 10 South 14th St., Richmond, Va.

THE LEADING SEED HOUSE IN FLORIDA.Full Established 1856. 200 Acres in Fruit Nursery.

line of arden and Field Seeds 1886 growth. Seed Rye, Oats. Barley,Johnson Grass!'!, :F-ruitlan.a: 1 TT u.rseries,
Alfalfa, Kentucky Blue Grass,Onion Sets. Proprietor Riverside Nurseries. Also a full line AUGUSTA, GA.
Green House Plants always on hand. Neunan t Wilson's Albany Strawberry plants for The stock of Fruit and Ornamental Trees, t pecially adapted to Florida is doubtless the
sale. Catalogue sent free on application. S. L. '.I'I Inn'I".S, most varied in the United "Htates. A special catalogue(No.) is published for this branchof
Seedsman and Florist. our establishment. In addition to the usual large variety of fruits such as Peen-To,
Honey and other Chinese Peaches,Oriental Pears,Japan Perbimmons, Eryobothryas Grape
Vines, etc., we have a very large stock Kelsey and new .JalanIunls, Japan
LAKE GEORGE NURSERIES Chestnut, Melon Shrubs and other new fruits. Also all the new Roses of merit, Palms
Acacias, broad leaved and coniferous Evergreen Trees, Flowering shrubs etc. Cataloguessent
free to all applicants. No. I. Hardy fruit trees! Roses, Evergreens. No.2. Greenhouse
NEW CATALOGUE NOW READY, plants. No.3. Wholesale,for nurserymen and dealers only. No.4. Fruits and Ornamental
trees suited to Florida.
With descriptions of P.J. Berkmans.jProprietor.



Fruit Trees, Plants, Vines, Berries, Ornamental Trees, Grasses, etc., etc. ,
Selected from the best orchards in the great fig regions of the Old World, comprising the
Together with full descriptions of all the very cream of table and drying figs. The most profitable fruit In the world. Easily grown
and prepared for market. No disease. No Insects. The coming boom for Florida. Now is
the time to start in a business that is bound to pay and fortunes can be made at it. We are
CHOICEST VARIETIES OF ORANGE & LEMON TREESAlso headquarters; our trees are unsurpassed, warrant 'd true to name, propagated from bearing
trees,and prices are below competition. Send at once for instructions for growing and theVn.yr
Price List. Send for Catalogue to /.method' of curing and packing, with description and price of the following varieties:
White Trogan,White Adriatic,San Giovanni,San J'eitro,Red Lardare. Paradiso. English Walnuts
w. W. HAWKINS: cSs; SON IFTops. ,all best sorts.t'ilbertl', Chestnuts etc.,fine trees at low rates. LICHEES, most delicious
of fruits from India,should be grown by all. Immense variety of tropical fruits, East Indian
fruits,grafted Mangoes, Indian' Bananas, Bread Fruits, Mangosteen,Durian, Lichees,etc. ,
LAICE GEORGE FLORIDA.. Jan 1 '85 Special rates to the trade. Local agents wanted. ABTiFftEKSON: :
M ,
< Swanwick,Perry Co.,Illinois.

___ I .

from tried and approved varieties, and on good healthy stocks. GARDENS AND DONEVITIISTRAWBERRIES

Fruit Trees suitable to Florida. Address,
AARON: W.A.RR. Georgeto"'QVn, Fla"av
114'R.1 tf
Pot Grown SemiTropical Fruit Don't you want a nice

MANVILLE: NURSERY Co. and Ornamental Trees, -
I... .A. v ?
Plants and Vines.

Orange, Lemon and Lime Trees, Peaches, Pears, Plums, Pecans and No Loss in Transplanting. Are you In want of
Persimmons, Filberts, Walnuts, Figs, Grapes, Bananas, etc.
Catalogue and Price List Free,on application FRUIT TREES
Descriptive Catalogue and Price List of 27 pages sent free.
to the Manager. AddressA.

nov29-ly Oakland,Orange Co., Fla.


TJJ..e: Orange: anu r-.eyY'lOD.: 1886-7'. TRY MY"Vegetable

I II We make specialties of LeConte and Kelffer Seeds,
.. in variety,other Citrus Frluts, LeConte and Keiffer Pears\;\Japan Plums, Japan Persimmons Pear Trees,Peen-To and Honey Peach Trees
Figs, Guavas, Grapes, et\ and Japan Persimmons. Also all other They are fresh and reliable. Write to-day
nursery stock, Including Apples] and Pearson for a sample package(your choice) free 1DOS'T
. PEEN-TO and HONEY PEACHES A SPECIALTY.A. LeConte Roots at bottom prices for the
coming season. Write for new catalogue] FOKOET
Just issued,to PUI.ESTOX A: cu..
," H. MANVILLE & CO., Proprietors Fla. Nursery, Montlcello, Fla.
{ Rotten Bone Manure $20 Ton
DBAYTON ISLAND, Putnam County, Fla., OR LAKELAND, Polk County, Fla. ,

Free on board at Jacksonville.
; .
-: A full line of Choice Nursery Stock: ,comprising Oranges, Figs, Apricots, Pecans, Grapes, '' The
Pears, Plums,etc. Also largestgrower Greenland P.O.,Fla.
i4l F. R lEC O
30,000 Peach Trees. 5.OOO Kelseys Japan Plums. 1,50O Olive ,D N iof these

Trees (Picholine). PC PearsCuttings from McCartney Hedge Rose Plants for Sale.

,; New Catalogue now ready,free on application. This Hose makes a handsome and perfectly
G. L. TAKER, buy no other ana avoid Blight. Cataloguesfree. impassable fence; said to last an hundred.
Glen St. Mary, Fla. W.W.THOMPSON,Smith vllle,Ga. years. Plant before January.
Address, M.O'NEILL,
Fairbanks, Fla.

The Lakeland Nursery Company.ORANGE Shell Pond Nurseries. Orange and Peach Trees, A

LEMON AND LIME TREES, Pien Tau(or Peen-to),Honey,Jackson Prolific Shrubs, Roses, Seeds, Etc.,

Peen-To and Honey Peaches, Keiffer and LeConte Pears Kelseys's Japan Plums!,Japan (September),and My Favorite (October) Wholesale and Retail.
Persimmons, Loquats, Figs, Grapes, Cattley Guavas, Strawberries, Pine-Apples and Ba Peaches, Pears,Figs,Japan Persimmons,Japan -
nanas. Plums,etc. Catalogue free.
Tropical Potted Fruit Trees a Specialty.Price Send for Circular. CIIAS. ZTIcDRlDE,
List free on application. E. H. TISON, Manager JAS. P. DEPASS. Jacksonville,Fla.,
Lakeland,Polk Co.,Fla. Archer Fla. Successor to McBride&Kingsbury.

1- F

-- .





CALCINED -----Saw--Grass. HEMES ,


.,, ,
'- (PATENTED JULY 13, 1886.)


The Best of all Fertilizers 2



E. For Orange Trees, Strawberries and all Vegetables,

'. especially adapted toSandy

: Pine Land oi1s1

What is Calcined Humus ?


It is decomposed Vegetable matter taken from its place of deposit and subjected( to heat under certain con-

n ditions until all deleterious acids are expelled and the Humus is sweetened and made( immediately( .

available as nature's food for plant life. .

anufaotured. Solely 1037"STsT". "STsT" HICKS:: Fort :Mason, Florida. :s .'


" 16 Per Ton, Delivered at your nearest R. JLIil Station. ,


I FORT MASON, FLA., June 26, 1886. musk melon vines, orange trees and persimmons and must say the effect has been
Ihave watched with great interestjthe process of the manufacture of Calcined most marvelous. Have purchased a third lot from you and expect to use li tons
Humus at Dr. Hicks' works. I believe he has solved the problem of Fertilizing more on my strawberries. Yours truly, E. KNEPLEY.
for our State. I have the fullest faith in C. H., for these reasons: SENECA, FLA.,May 28, 1886.
1st. The material of which it is composed (Humus), is of the purest and best. I fertilized my grove since the frost with Dr. Hicks' Calcined Humus, and I emphatically -
2nd. In the process of manufacture the vegetable matter is not destroyed, but declare it in my opinion the best fertilizer out for orange trees. I am
sweetened and purified-only a portion is reduced to its elements. not only satisfied, but delighted. Calcined Humus is a perfect success and the
3rd.; Abundant potash is obtained from the calcined part and from the great Orange Growers' Boon; not on account of its cheapness alone, but also because it
quantity of Saw-Grass roots which are reduced to ash and mixed with the already is permanent in the soil. J. H. BRAMHALL.
prepared Muck.I .
am now using it with the utmost confidence. J. T. WOFFORD. SENECA, Fla., May 28, 1886.
REV. DR. HICKS, Dear Sir:-I have used your Calcined Humus on my orange
' SENECA, Orange Co., FLA., May 28, 1886. grove during the last year, and find it the best fertilizer I have ever tried. My
k 1 used Calcined Humus for Strawberries this season on part of my patch. The trees are of much better color and are putting on a better growth than they ever did
effect is in every respect satisfactory and beyond that produced by other Fertilizers. before. Success to your discovery. C. W. WORTHINGTON.
The plants not only fruited as never before but the vines stand the hot weather and ALTAMONTE NURSERIES, July 17, 1886.
are as green and vigorous as ever. I grow them on Pine land, high and dry.
I am well pleased with Calcined Humus, and when an opportunity,offers.shall
W. H. MILLER. be glad to speak well of it. Yours respectfully, H. L. \

SENECA, Orange Co., FLA. May 28, 1886. LISBON, ORANGE Co., Fla., Sept. 4, 1886.
I consider Calcined! Humus the very best Fertilizer for Strawberries. I tried to W. W. HICKS, Fort Mason; Dear Sir:-I have used your Calcined Humus on
raise them on soil richly mixed with raw muck but utterly failed. I obtained
? my y"ounO' orange trees in quantity of one peck to the tree, with most satisfactory
tr some Calcined Humus and used as a top-dressing, a double handful to the plant I results. The trees have put on fine color and vigorous growth. I used it by the
the eil'ectwas remarkable. They have.borne vigorously for three months and I of good, well decomposed stable manure, ami find the results Calcined Humus
" bearing well at this time. Another thing, I nnd that the be.rrIes.are kept than from the stable manure. If Calcined Humus does as well on vegeta-
i from: sand when the plants! are topd.ressed.wIth the Humus, It.bemg clean and bles as on trees, I think you have the best thing for yourself and the truck growers
nice to handle! My neighbor, Mr. Miller raised as fine strawberries as I ever saw, in the world. I am, truly. W. T. LAINE.
with Calcined Humus, so I know that mine was not due to chance.J. .
.H. BRAMHALL. EUSTIS, Fla., Sept. 6, 1886.
C. H. REDDING, Lane Park, Fla ; Dear Sir:-I used Calcined Humus this
LANE PARK, FLA., August 16, 1886. year applying it-in January and June,using one ton on 160 trees that have been
F C. H. BEDDING. Gen. Agent, Dear Sir:,It affords me great pleasure to speak in budded three years. The results have astonished me. My grove is in a flourish-
, behalf of the Calcined Humus as a Fertilizer. I have tried- it on cabbage plants, I ing condition. Yours truly, GUY HUTCHINGS, M.D.
---- ----- --- -- ----- --
Applications for Agencies, Circulars Etc., should be addressedto Send all orders to

.. .t T
W. W. HIGKS. .' ',
; C. H REDDING Gen. Agent '
t'w :;
-.. .
LANE PARK, FLA. E1eMS:: : C.A.sa.: .'...,.'
..: "f
.. ..;
< ....t.. : _., .. ..' ''.. :

"" ,..


7 _




Royal Palm Nurseries, Strawberry Plants.Nunan's Nichols, Rockwell & Co.,

MANATEE, FLA. Prolific... .. . ...per 1000 $?..25Chaileston
In 4ddltion a fall line of general nursery Seedling,or Noisettes, 350 WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
stock adapted to the climate of Florida,we In lots of 500 or over,1 ss than 500,per 100 .50
are constantly receiving seeds and plants Special rates for lots of 10,000 or over. Hardware
{ from all over the tropical and subtropicalworld A few thousandPOTTED Stoves, House Furnishing Goods, Grates, Mantels, Paints,
many of which are Introduced,for the
first time Into the United States. PLANTSat Oils, Saddlery, Guns, Ammunition, Etc.
We can only mention a few of the rareplants
, and trees we catalogue for the fall of $2 per hundred.
1886: Orders accompanied with cash promptly
Parties in Town Out
Mangoes (many varieties), Sapodillas, Rose- filled with strong healthy plants,well packed. or

Apples,Star-Apples.Suer-ApplesCherimoyas, Plants Now Ready. will do well to call or send for our catalogues and prices of any goods they may needIn
s Horse-Radish Trees "Spanish
our line.
Limes Tamarinds, Otaheite Gooseberries, Address,
Maumee Sapotas, Avocado Pears, Maumee Ap- J. W. VOSE, Prices Lover than Ever.
ples, Grenadillas, Banhinias,Acacias, Albizzias P. O. Box 116,Jacksonville, Fl .
and Cassias in variety Jatrophas, Fourcrayas, Or WM. H. KINGSBURY, 52 West Bay Street Jacksonville, Fla.
Yuccas,Agaves, Dasylirions} Plumerias,Palms ,
t t (in variety), Caesalpinias and Poincianas, many Taylor's European nouseJacksonville, Fla. -
kinds of Ipomeas, Crotons, Dracaenas, and rare GEORGE L. MoOONIHE.DEALER
greenhouse plants; Antigonons, Bamboos, East ,
Indian Pines and forest trees; PandamusVeitchil and Lemons !
Musa Ensete; Cyphomandra betacea Oranges IN
(the Tomato tree" of Jamaica)f the Melon
Shrub" and White Adriatic Fig, etc., Roses Sash Doors and Blinds
and all sorts of shrubbery in variety.Red Consignment solicited. Liberal advances ,
Spanish Pine-Apple Slips now ready, I made. would be pleased to correspond with
82.00 per hundred,$15.00 per thousand.I I parties desiring to ship here. ,
New catalogue ready In October. Summers Morrison & Co.
JB: .A. Jvv .A. : EJ
AddressREASONER BROS., 171 South Water St., Chicago. Jim. y

Box 10, Manatee,Fla. Refer to Metropolitan National Bank, Chicago Cutlery, Stoves, Tinware, Agricultural Implements, Carpenters' Tools, Iron, Steel, Rope
; J. V. }4'arweJl0.., Chtcago.9QRIEFRUITS. Belting, Etc.

IMPROVED Sole gcnt-Cor: Florida :for

Orange Lightning Powder, Galvanized Four-Point Steel Barb Fence Wire, Galvanized Barb-
llsonSabcrr PlantsFOR Steel Twisted Ribbon Wire, Spring-Tooth Cultivators, Anne Harrow and Orange Grove
,LeConte and Kieffer Pears on their Cultivators, Queen of the Garden Hand Cultivator, Southern St. Louis) Pure White Lead,
a.'own roots; Bartlett and other Pears Masury's It. li. Colors and Liquid Paints, Fairbanks' Standard Scales.
on LeConte roots; Prunua Simoni and
Japanese Plums; Peen To* Hone
j Peaches; Russian Apricots. A :LK: :LccK: !
SALE. L I,large and general assortment of Fruit
I Trees. Catalogue with facts. Free.
,. Address W. F. HEIKES I ,Manager

Price $2.5O per 1000,

Will make your Store Fronts and Architectural Castings. Build or Repair your Machineryand
Delivered to the wharf.C. sell you Machinery and Mill Supplies. Guaranteeing you as satisfactory work and
prices as! you can get in more Northen cities. Mention this paper when writing for esti-
t mates.


East Mandarin. HARDWARE, ETC. BANKS, ETC.A. .

ibley's Tested Farmers' Wagons and Carts.If E. DROUGHT, F. U.HKKLDINO,
seedS U President. Cashier.

IDIPORT: you want a first-class Wagon or Cart KISSIRIMEE' CITY BANK
Cheap for Cash,call on ,

To Market Gardeners and Truck It. D. ZAIIUI, OKANQE COUNTY, FLA.

Jacksonville) Fla..
Farmers of Florida.Send Office, H. Berlack's Store, East Bay Street. CAPITAL $0,000.

for our Catalogue and Price List of Gar- Farm Wagons from .. 833.00: to 812.00 .
den, Field and Flower Seeds. Carts and )ra's from .. ..$23.00 to$28.00iiussey's
Transacts a general Banking business.
H. C. Denton, Esq.,the well known planterand ) New Steel Coulter Harrow.
Revenue Collector of Alachua Co., sendsus
the following unsolicited endorsement of The,.Iwtb it.mS!S i5s3fll Also*-Ie maker of Ilussey's!} Buys and sells Exchange. Letters of Credit
of spring tempered .teet. Steel& Hard Metal"Plows. cashed.
our stocks: Your Early Dwarf Flat Dutch d..ys .barp..err lightCentennial Horse I hoe,8cc.
Cabbage bAS given perfect satisfaction, and Wrong,durable,.nddie.p. \Address, T. B I1USSEY -
you are well able to control the seed marketIn N. Berwick 1t11e. Has correspondents in all the chief townsof
this section." THE NEW EARLY STRAWBERRY, Florida,also Seaboard National Bank and
Above catalogue, tog::ther with our com- Messrs. C. M.\ Whitney &: Co., New York.In .
plete list of Farm and Garden Implements, HOFFMAN'S SEEDLING. / ..{ ... Great Britain: The Bank of Irelan .
mailed free to all applicants. Address Royal Bank of Scotland, Bank of Brltl-i .
HIRAM SIBLEY A CO.Rochester ., Write for price list of this and other varietiesof North America and Melville, Evans &: C ,
._ Send for illa
Strawberry and Raspberry plants. i
N. Y.Nnrsorios trated Catalogue and prices,free London.
R. S. COLE, w
Cedar Hill Fruit and Plant Farm
--- -

of Lake Woir e Go. Hamans, A.A. Co., Ma. MEDICINAL. GUN-.-,-LOCKSMITHS--, :ETC.A..1V.T3O33BIIVS& .

FOR SALE. --- ---

100,000 Orange and Lemon Trees.Our A C..A. :. JI:). ; BRO.
1000 Pecan Trees, from 1 to 2 feet high,
trees are very thrifty, three and four from choice Texas Nuts. A fine lot of thrifty I To all who are suffering from the errors and 4

year old stock,%to\\L Inch diameter, with trees. Price from Indiscretions of youth, nervous weakness,early ffi4 :
one old buds. Nurseries easil -
year 10 to 15 Cents Each.
s'ble to Florida Southern Railroad. Send for decay, besot manhood, &c., I will send a recipe
Catalogues. AddressE. Also Three Trios Pekln and Two Trios Rouen that will cure youFREE OF CHARGE.This groat
B. FOSTER, Manager Ducks,$6 per trio.
discovered a missionary In South
remedy was
dec21-ly South Lake Weir, F a.
Rlxford, Fla. America. Send a self-addressed envelope to the
P. S.-Would exchange a trio of Peain Station D New York
FAIRVIEW NURSERIES Ducks for "Plymouth Rock fowls. -- --


Gun Locksmiths and Stencil Cutters
San Mateo, Putnam County, Florida. From lA\x> 14 Inches In diameter; price from I ,

$5 to $15 per 10O Student oC_ the Royal Veterinary College of 44 W. Forsyth St., Op.St.Johns Hotel.
according to size and quantity taken. LOndon,
The best varieties of the Orange and Lemon FRANK ERBLAND, Manager, Will answer all communications through let-
and other Citrus Fruits. Waldo, Fla. ters and telegrams. Gnnsmithlng done In all Its branches.

Choice varieties of the Fig,of recent Intro-.
duction. POULTRY. Special rates on Stencil Cutting, by mail
Office In OrlandoFla.,at ct-tf
both the Red and Yel-
The Cattley Guava, Reed AFoster'B Stables.

low.The Peach and Pear of the sorts best adaptedto Fancy K Poultry.W. nndWIIISK athorntecitlrcwtpaln.HABITS cured Boo!: ;;LABEL a; ;

the soil and climate of Florida. I OPIUM' of Al.1VUULLEti.M.Ii.Atlanta,8ti.: ,

I &... ___ .__.- B. 4Jt, ., !(!*
The Japan Plum, varieties of the Mulberry, W. FENDKICK,
Han's Choice Bananas,Grapes,Pecans,eta I "'o Introduce them I Dana's White Metallic Ear Marking Label,stamped
Successor to Albert Fries, A BIG OFFER we will GIVK to order with name,or name and address and num-
Catalogue free on application. :\IaI bers. It la reliable, cheap and convenient. Bells! at
Washing -
Keeps:20; varieties of Pure-brrd Fowls. i AWAY i.OJO Self-Operating sight and gives perfect satisfaction. Illustrated
RKFKBENCES: Crosby&Gowen San Mateo; Yards: Shell Road, near Moncrief Spring. chines. If you want one send us your name. t iTice-LLJt and samples free. Agents wanted.C. .
Hon. 0. W. Lyle, San Mateo1V.; J. Webb, Eggs for Hatching,!2 per dozen. I P. O. and express office at once. TilE NA- U. DANA, West Jxbaaon, N.II.x ,
St. N.Y.
Palatka. P. O. Box SSL Jacksonville, Fla TIONAL Co.,2J Dey ,





744 "THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.----- [OCTOBER 25, 1886.



COMPANY. South Bound. North Bound.

( Standard Time.) ON AND AFTER Pas Pas.t?,: Pas. Pas ,

Quickest (Shortest and Most Attractive Route WEDNESDAY, August 11, 1886, 5 a m,Trains &frt &frti'':=: STATIONS. I"tfrt &:frt
Between will leave and arrive as follows : 11' 1: ;: 14. 12.
l lAM
Florida, Pensacola, Mobile, New Orleans and the SOUTII------BOUND.it5-- P.tL'!-!- I P.M: ;;:

Southwest. RAILWAY R.2: 8.10;: O Lv. I.akeland .Ar! 7.20 7.40

WAYCROSS SHORT LINE. --I-' old. ui 8.48 8.32: 8;Lv. ..*Haskell . : .Lv 6.58 7.18
(p" :1 0) 9.0. 8.m 'tI Ar. Bartow Lv' 6,101. 7.00
ar.; = I : -

Central((90th Meridian))Time,one hour slower All Trains of this Road are Run by Central ((90th) STATIONS. p. 0. F.'T Sz 0 "aZ .::GO Sanford and Indian KiverlCallroad

than Washington, D. C. Meridian Time, which is 33 Minutes Slower Z Q Q Z
than Jacksonville Time. n
WESTERN DIVISION. South Bound. North Bound.
TIME CARD IN EFFECT MAY 2, 1886. AM Read Dowd. Read Up.

"a"means a.m. time. "p" means p. m.time.) Passenger Trains will leave and arrive daily, R. R. Wharf ..... ......? ......,. ........1( ........ pas. Pas. m
Read down. Read as follows: Bantord........ 8 00 4 2.5 4 40'7': 00Belair. :-' &Ft, STATIONS. No. =-

No 10 Not Nol No9 up. NEW ORLEANS EXPRES ... ..... 8 lJ8 4 3.1 4 5OI 715 24.a.mlp.ni .
L'ke..0 ...... ........ 4 511 ........ -
Crystal -I I
1158 a 7Ib p ar..Jacksonvllle..lv 8 00 a 300 P Leave Jacksonville daily at............... 1:35 a m
......... 4.. 8 1:3: .. 4 57Longwood .... .. a.m
10 40 a 63\\) P ......Baldwin...... 8 45 a 410p Arrive at Jacksonville daily at.......... 7:3a m Bents I p.m
816 a 5 fJ1 P ?...Lake City.._ 1010 a 6 03 p705a Leave Callahan daily at......_............. 8:18 a m 121830 8 23 4 4:3: 5 081 7 55 011.00( 1 6.: 11v........ ancord..ar 1.41) 1.5017
448 515. S 15 3 6.431, ........ Fort Heed......... 7.20
1069 704 Altamonte.. 11.18, 2.0),14,
420p ..Live Oak... p Arrive at Waycross daily at.. ........ ..10:15 a m
5 68 a 322p ..._Madison_... 1'201p 8 35 p Arrive Brunswick via B. & .v. R. R... 1:50 p m Mayo ...... .. 15I 8 3I 51 .5 221 8 511.2.5: 6.522....... ...*Rutledge..... ....\ 7.13 2.10112
Maitland..... 8 40 4 51 532'' 9 Arrive at Thomasville daily at.......... 1:37
4 ID a 150 P Iv.-Monticello..ar 180 P 10:35 P p m Winter Park 18 8 53 4 59 5 .N! 9 20Wilcox. \ 12\P.'iO'\ :' 7.18 6.50; 2,34: 5
Arrive at Bainbridge daily at............ 3:35 m
p ...... ....... 13'11.5.5' : 7.23 *Tuska tlla.. 6.45 2.42 4
3:20 a 115 p ar..Tallahassee.. 2 20 p 1135: p Arrive at Chattahoochee daily at...... 4:04 m t I
152 a 1217 p Iv ......Quincy...... 315p 152aI235a1130a"RlverJunctton" Arrive at Pensacola via L. & N. R.R..iU:10 p Orlando....... 20..5 OOj 10 20 1712.10, 73.5''Ar........ O\'ldeo..lv_ 6.-m, 3.(0 0
p ra ------ ---- ---
400p 325a *Gatlln ..... .. \ .....' ..... ..
Arrive at Mobile via L.&N. R. R....... 2:30 a m "Jessamine. 261 9 15 5 18 610' 10 32 Flag Stations. :No. 3 and 6 Dally. TrainsNo.
LOUISVILLE NASHVILLE R. R. Arrive atNew Orleans viaL.&N. R.R 7:20: a m 271! 1. 2, 4, 5, 7 and 8 Daily except Sunday.
"'Pine Castle 9 1R 1 1" .... IJ 15 ......?
1159 1129 ar..IUver Junc..lv 414 400 Pullman Buffet Cars to and from Jackson-
P a P P Train No. 6 stops at KiHsimmee for breakfast.
ol! 9.r 57 6 22 ..... ..
Big Cypress :;
103! 1010 a" Marianna ar 5 (J1 52'l a ville and New Orleans via Pensacola and )
p p *\IcKinnon. 3t: 9 35 5 H 35 11 10 Trains No. 19 and 20 Daily. Trains No.21 and .
7 25 p 8 00 a "L'keDeFunlak" 710 p 8 :;0 a Mobile. 371 22 Daily except Sunday.Trains .
Kissimmee..1 40 9 50 6 G 5i 1150Capmbells
3 00 515 .....Pensacola.... 1010 12 30 ,
p a p p Nos. 3 and (6; stop only at Orlando,
41'10! 00 ..1 7 05 ..... ..
- 115 a .........Mobile2 25 a Leave Jacksonville dally at.....?......... 2.00 p m "'LakeLoche'' 52:10: 20' 6 3.ii 723 '12.10 Kisslnuuee, Davenport, Bartow Junction,
- 830p lv..New Orleans?ar 720a Arrive at Jacksonville dally at.........12:00 m Davenport 57,103,: ; (U;: 6 45' 7 35 : 1 WHaine5CltYI lakeland, Plant City and Auburndale on

7 20 a 7 50 p an.Montgomery..ar 715 a 755 P Leave Callahan dally at_.................. 2:45 pm tH.10 40..i.' : 7 4.5 : I 15 Signal.
7 55 p 7 25 a ....Nashville..? 6 40 p 7 20 a Leave Chattahoochee at.....................11:30 am Bartow J'nc: 681105.), 7 07 8 10 2.:5. Connects at Sanford with Sanford and In-
2 35 p 12 30 a" ..Louisville.. 22,5. 220 p Leave Thomasville at........................ 1:40 p m Auburndale 7211 0,1 7 14PM{ .I I 220) dian River Railroad for Ovideo and points on
815a 8 20 p Clncinnali..ar 6 35 a 6 35 p Arrive at Waycross daily at.....?........ 4:40: p m Fitzhughs.. I 77 II 13: 7 21 : 25.5I..akeland. Lake Jessup; with the People's Line and

710 a 7 :20 p Iv ...St. Louis. ...ur 7 40 a 8 OU p Arrive at Jesup daily at........ ............. 6:15: p m ..... i 8311: 28; 7 35..........1 : 3 .15 DeUaryBayalercbantEO' Line of Steamersfor
Arrive Brunswick via E. T. V. & G... >fc:35 p m Plant City...: 931148'' ... 131) Jacksonville and all intermediate points
8 UP p 3 4u p Iv 'H.Chica o..ar 10 30 a" 7 OU p Arrive at Savannah at....._. .. 75.51" ? St. Johns River and with Steamers for In-
daily .. 7:58 p m *Cork........... 98115$ .. I ........ on ,
No. and 2 daily. No. 9 and 10 daily except Arrive at Charleston daily at............. 1:25 a m Heffner..........10312; 10 8 1.)1." ....... I 510 dian River and Upper St. Johns.
Sunday. Arrive at Washington,D.C.,daily at 11:00: p m Mango .........,:10> 12 1G 8 .... .... I. 5 2' At Iasslmnieewith Steamers for Fort Myers

Arrive Baltimore................................12:35' a m ,, ......._I.....,.. I ...... .. and Bassingerand points on Kissimmee river.
SOUTHERN DIVISION. Arrive Philadelphia.....................,...?. 3:15 a m 8 \ I 00i At Pemberton Ferry with Florida Southern
Shortest, Quickest and only Direct Route to Arrive at New York daily at._........... 6:50 a m Orlent.l(9122)\\ P 45\.1 5.\ i P )1 Railway for all points Northi East and West,
and from all points In South Florida. Pullman Buffet Cars to and from Jacksonville i I ,, I INORTh1 I and at Hartow with Southern
and New York. I. Railway tor Fort :Meadeand points South.
THROUGH AND LOCAL TIME CARD. with steamer larga-
EAST FLORIDA EXPRESS. Connects at Tampa ,

Read down. Read up. Leave Jacksonville daily at.............. 4:30 p m BOUND.mci ret" for Palma Sola, Braidentown, Palmetto
No. 4. No. 8. No. 7. No.3. Arrive at Jacksonville daily at...?......11:30 a rn Manatee and all points on Hillsborough andTanspa

1010 a 400 P Ar.Fernandina..Lv 1010 a 410 p Leave Callahan daily at........,.,.,.......? 5:14 p m -r. o 'cao Ba ':;.
6 50 a 245p Ar... Callahan....Ar 11 30a 615 p Arrive at Callahan..............................10:46: a m cSTATIONS. --= 0. .;>00 Also!; with elegant new Steamship "Mas-
"5 00 a 14OpLv..Baldwin..Ar1231p 930p Leave Waycross: ................................? 7:30:; p m z C ;z; ; cs Z .:!:J:::.;..: cotte" of the Plant Steamship; Co., for Key
5 60 a 2 35 p Jacksonville Ile Lv 1145 p 845p600a Arrive at Waycross daily at............... 8:25: a m : 00 Q 'SM 'estal1d Havana, with steamers for Cedar
150pLv..Uahlwln.Ar123Up) 945p Leave Gainesville daily at................. 3:50 p m ;: '1S c d4 0 ... Keys and :Mail Steamers for Key West.

Leave at Lake City.................. ........... 3:15 p m ..::... I- Passengers for Havana can leave Sanford
4 45 a 132: p Baldwln..Lv 12 50 p 10 00 p Leave Live Oak daily at..................... 7:10: p m on Express Train atJ.I.V: 3 p. m.fonday: and
8 35 12 40 Ar.._Lawt .....Lv 1 43: 1116 PM
a p ey p p Leave- AM i A M evening with
Leave Thomasville daily at................11:15 Thursday! connecting same
3 00 a 12 20 Ar..Starke..Lv 2 01 11 42 p m Tam .........0 1 ....... 515 5 40
p p p pa. 33.. i
Arrive at Albany daily at................. .. 1:30 stea rat Tampa.
230a 113. p Lv......Waldo......Ar 235p 1222a a w *trient......... 6 1 48:........ ....... ...... for can be made
Arrive Montgomery via Central R. R. 8:00 a m .. 10 ....... ,I Application Passports
10 00 1125 Ar.....Waldo... ..Lv 4 15 Mango...... 15-x. 5 :;5 0 j 15 : i'nblicand such applications -
p a 245p a Arrive Mobile via L. & N. R. R......... 2:10: p m through any Notary
...... 12 .. ,.. .510 6
Heffner_. 25Cork.
2001. ? Consul at
535 when wised Spanish Key
845p 1035aAr..Galnesville..Ar by
330p a i Arrive New Orleansia L. & N. R.R.
7:30;( p m _......... 11 2 10 ....... .......
530 940 Passport.
Ar..Archer..Lv 420 8 20 \Vest will the
P a P a Arrive Nashville via L. & N. R. It.... 7:10 a m / 201, answer purpose
Plan Ci 22 2 ....... 6 00 7 t
4. 50 910 Bronson..Lv > 910 ty ? 20 Tickets old at all regular stations
P a 4 5't p a Arrive Louisville via L. & N. R. R...? 2a m ., Through
Lakeland.. ;32 2 : ._ 6 2'J 8 :20Fitzhughs' :
200 p 715 a Ar..Cedar Key..Lv 6 45 p 12 25 a Arrive Cincinnati via L. & N. R. R... (6:35; ; a m 38 3 43.. ...... G 31) : points North, EPn: <; Weost.FREDERfC .

2 25 p 11 25 a Ar......Waldo......l/v 24.5p 12 30 p Arrive St. Lo:ils.................................... 7:40 a m Auburndale? 43 3.5. ?AM 6 36 j 1 8.t.5i 900i H. RAND, .
i Ge, Ticket A srant.MISCELLANEOUS.
Pullman Buffet Cars to and from
137 a 10 49 a Ar..Hawthorne 325p 137 a Jacksonville -
i Bartow J'nc 47 317 5 55. 6 45 : 93,)
.......... 933 a ArSllverSprlng:: 4 42 p .......... and St. Louis, via Thoraasville, Albany, *UainesCitYI 51 J at) 603 .......? i 100'2 _. .
1125p 9 ID P Ar..._.Ocafa .....Lv 457p ,337a Montgomery and Nashville. Davenport..., 58: 3 40 I H; 20 7 o.j 1000. --- -
9 45 p 816 a Ar...Wildwood. 601p 511a JACKSONVILLE EXPRESS. *Lake Locbe; (jJI: 3 50 6 ;::01 7 15 lOW .

852p 747aAr..Leesburg..Lv 637 P 5 52 a Leave Jacksonville.,........................... 9:30 p m *Campbel1 .1 j 71 4 10 Ii 501........ -- -- ------------------------ -- .--
805p 72< a Lv.....Tavares....Ar 7()lOp() 630a Arrive Jacksonville............................ 8:05: a m Ktsshnmee..i; 75 423, 7 051 8 (05) I 11210McKinnon

. TAVARES ORLANDO &: ATLANTIC RAILROAD. i Leave Callahan.................................?10:20 p m 814' 3.j 7 17 8 231 j: ]2'30
716 P 710 a Ar..Tavares. ...Lv 720p: 7 20 a Arrive Way cross.................................12:35 a m *Big l'ypressl 8.jI! 45 7 8 I 11250Plne '

625p 6 25 a Ar...?Apopka.....Lv 810p 810a Arrive Albany via B. k W. R. R ........ 5:30:: a m ,,-as. tll",145.'I-,1', !, .......1! I ..... BEE-KEEPERS' MAGAZINE
I -I
615 p 600aLv.....Orlando-.Ar 810 P 84t a i Arrive Macon via Central R. R......... 9:10 a m Jessamine f : 4 55,: 7 37'' 8 32, 'I.105Gatlln. t

I, Arrive Atlanta via Central R. IL...... 1:35 p m .......1 90Orlando. :....: ..'?... : I' .. ,
FLORIDA RAILWAY A.: NAVIGATION COMPANY. Arrive Jesup....................?................... 2:15am ........ 93: 5 12 7 S 42': :' I 1 51)Wilcox. ,
550 P .......... Ar...\Vlld wood...Lv......... 9 35 a : i81 I 2>) cents Year.
Arrive Brunswick via E. T. V. (
&: G. .. 6:00 a m ... 95j........ 7 t> ........ I.
5:20 a.......... ArHPanasoffkee.Lv .......... 1010 a ?
Arrive Macon via E. T. V. & G. R. R..
8:30 '
a ra Winter ptrk 97i. 5 25 8 8 5:! I I 215 Address
4 00 p .....?... Ar.St.Catherine.Lv .......... 11 10 a Arrive Atlanta via E. T.V. & G. R.R.12:05 Maltland..1100t 5 01.1
11 45 .......... ArWithlac'chee Lv .......... 11 :30() m 321! 8 8 58 2 30
p a via Free. Barry town, N.JY.\
Arrive Cincinnati Sample
C. S. R. R........
i 6:50: a m :Mayo ....._.__ 101 i 5 351! 8 101 9 00 I 1: 2-1>
Sleeping Cars on No. and 10. Sleeping Car : Pullman Buffet Cars and Mann Boudoir Altamonte.1O'l"! 5 4O!); 8 15, U 01'I 1 2 fSLongwood.
Rates between Jacksonville and Orland6, i Cars Waycross, Albany and Macon; and ...'105 5 471 8 26'' 9 Oc I i I : 3 20 ---
-- ----
only $1 for berths. via Waycross, Jesup and Macon ; between *Bents, .......j110I. 556' 8 31 .... ... '......_
Trains No. 7 and 8 daily. Nos. 3 and 5 dally Jacksonville and Cincinnati. Also, Through "Cr'staL'ke 1111.; ....... 8 ;17I,........ I ; ..... Type for Sale.
except Sunday. Passenger Coaches between Jacksonville and *Belalr.......?:1121; 6 00 8 41, U 20 I : i -t.) SOl pounds Long Primer, the type the Dis-
Chattanooga, via Albany; and Jacksonville Sanford........:115i 6 10 8 50: 9 30 4 to patch is printing from, is offered for sale
Fernandlna and Jacksonville Branch. and Cincinnati via Jesup.SAVANNAH Ar.B.\Vharf' !PM.AM AM I I I PaIPemberton cheap. Address
----- -- -- ------ -- --- -

No 30. No 32. No 407No72.i Leave Jacksonville............................. 9:30: p m --- --
Lv.Jacksonville....> 925a 500 P 900 a 535 p Arrive Jacksonville.......... .................. 8:05 a m Ferry Drullcb.-S.Ji' R.U.
DuvaL-...............1100a 523p 927a 558p Leave Callahan ...............................10:20 p m SAp)'r PLE !i.OOforl3Weck.The. '
I'OL: ::( ;: C: :;; TTJ-.willbemallcII..cl.ureIywra
Ar.Fernandina. 11 :20a 6 10 p 1010 a 645 p Arrive Callahan................................... 7:05 a m I South Bound North Bound. '
Ocean Beach......1120a 680 p JO 25 a 658 P Leave Gainesville at........................... 3:50 p m Read Down. Read Up. United :111'sfnt'\! :;>;P)(:FT l.t..a..ya ri 1. r' ':dn.gsln rl'c Months to!:

No 29. fl:o 31. No 39. No 41. Arrive Gainesville ........................,.... 9:35 am ------ ---- on receipt of *S'-.' *" t L_: v>* ( -'C. Dollar. Lib-
Lv.Ocean Beach..... 645a 230p 645a 345p Leave Lake City............,...................? 3:45 p m -1.M'1.'F'st Pas !F'st''Ft. eral discount allows to J'ostii.a'-ti: Agents and
Fernandina....... 7 00 a 2 45 P 7 00 a 400p Arrive Lake City..,.................,...........10UO: a m = Ft. STATIONS. i WI..Ex.1e1 1i 1-' Clubs. The I'ot'CE JtTSTl ('AZETTEOf !:
Ar.Duval...........,.,... 7 47 a 3 51 p 7 47 a 4 46 p Leave Live Oak at............................... 7:10 p m i 19. 21. 20. I 22.. i i i1 NCw York 1'\ ell r'AL! i-.K ONLY legitimate -
Ar.Jacksonvllle...... 810 a 425p 810 a 510 p Arrive at Live Oak daily at............... 6:15 a m -1-- 1-1--M1p.M., llluftrate l !Si; ..rti'e;' and: l Sensational
No. 29,, 30, SI and 32 dally except Sunday. Arrive Thomasville....,......................., 7:50 a m iP.M. A.Mi: iA. : Journalpubli clon! ti-e.\.ci.! ca i CTE3CTET I
No. 89, 40, 41 and 42 Sunday only. Arrive Albany.....................................n:50 a m o i 5.20): 4.J0ILv Pembert'n Fery Ar 10.10' 9.2)'72 continent. Apply for teim" t." s eEldPIANOS&ORGAHS.
1 5.21 ,.........*Fltzgerald.10,05. ;; 9.151f5
Arrive via Cen. R.
CONNECTIONS.AtCallahan Montgomery R.... 7:23 m I
with Savannah, Florid and Arrive Nashville via J.. &: N. R. R.... 7:10 a p m 3 5.30 .. ............ *Oriole ...: 9.57.,....... fi2 'Ur.h rd K. Frx Franklin: Souare.: New York.
6 : 5.47..... Bay City. i i.... .' .''59l0i -
Western Railroad, for Savandah Macon At Arrive Louisville via L. & N. R. R... 2:20 in ?; : --- -
lanta, Charleston, Washington,,New pork, Arrive Cincinnati via L. & N. R. R... 6:35 p p m 5.5.3 .......,;............ *Iacon... i 9.:1S.j: ,; ''!

Cincinnati, St. Louis, Chicago and all points Arrive St. Louis via L. & N. R R...... 8:00 p m 121 6.05 5.35j..Owensboro ....;....j 9.33.: 8.47 11 :

West and Northwest Arrive Waycross................... ............12: .5 a m 161; 6.18 6.0.5 ...........Dade City...........;; 9.21) 8.1. :38
At Silver Spring, with Ocklawaha river Arrive Brunswick via B. & W. R. R... 7W a m 23: 6.2J1, 6.4');...........Richlan...........' 902. 7.3)rl: 4, d; ? ; Ill lilt makes direct to costomer -

Steamers.At Arrive Jesup.............?.......................? 3:13 a m 3'2: 6.50; 7.10,........*'l'edderv1lle .. 8.3S, i.i'O 22 -- wbolf-ale from tieadqaarteiB.All at
Orlando wit h Florida Southern Railroad Arrive :Savannah.,..,......?................?? 6:15am 37, 7.051 7.30 ........... IKathleen.. S.2" 6.1517: I C"lsrUlJteecl.prices.No money askerfuii goods
for Sanford, Lockelana and Tampa. Arrive Charleston................................12:55 p m 4":'. 7.13: 7.40 ........Grttlill's Hll........: 8.11 6.012; : instruments! are receivedand
At Cedar Key with Steamer Gov. Safford, Arrive Washington?............................I0:3o. a m 4 7.40 830 ...........LakeIRnd........... 8.045 5:010 fully tested. Write US
Sunday and Wednesday lor Manatee and Arrive New york...........?................?? 5:30: p m 51 8.00; 9.001.! .......... .Haikel!: [ ...........!! 7.41 5.011 6 before pumiaMnsr. An Investment of :a cents may
Tampa. Pullman Palace Cars between Jacksonville 57. 8.151 1 9.2 ;Arrive. Bartow.. L veI7.)!' 1..0 0Bartow () ,i save you from t4:>O.O to 8100.00. Address

and Tampa.Pullman I JESSE FRENCH, Nashville Tenm
MALLORY STEAMSHIP LINE. Buffet Cars between Jacksonvilleand Brancla.-Dally ; cept Sunda}.. !:! Wholesale c PistributinQ Ixtftfor the South.
Steamer Express leaves Jacksonville -
Washington. I ---- -- --

Steamships m., connecting with the Through Tickets sold to all points by Rail South Bound. v orth Bound. iPM.Pas.t i i
elegant of the Mallory Line, sail and Steamship connections, and baggage I 1887

Ing semiweekly (or New York direct. checked through. Also, Sleeping Car berths 1 I I l'W4.yas.I I My beautiful (Chroino C'alendars for 1887 are
SEA ISLAND AND CUMBERLAND:; : ROUTES. and sections secured at the Company's Office &Ntl&Ft =- PfATIONS. ,=...-. &Ft No. perfect gems of art to hang on the wall and
The 9.25 Steamer Express of Wednesdayand in Astor's Building,82 Bay street,and at Pas- 5. I!, ; 111'1 4. nlways handy to tell tht day wf week, monthor
Saturday connects with steamer St. senger Station, and on board People's Line - I-i-- '(-ar.
Nicholas (Sea Island Route), direct for Steamers H. B.Plant and Chattahoochee and P. M P.M. I I AM.: P.M. Too cosily to give away, I will mail cue to
Brunswick,Darien and Savannah.connecting De Bary-Baya Line steamer City of Jackson- 8.10 0 Lv..BartowJunc .Ar! 0 5.1'(), anybody sending me a nickel to help pay ad-
with steamer and rail to all points.A. ville. 8.2 5,Lv.WinterHaven.Ar 5 5.13. vertising, postage, etc. You need one and

o. MACDONELL, WM. P. HARDEE, 8.:15: 9jLV.; Eagle Lake........ 9;, 5.23 should bend soon before all are gone.
Gen. Pass and Ticket Agent. General Passenger Az: nuB. 8.411( ...OordonvUle........ 5.3; JAMES IIASLEY,
121" \121'
D. E. MAXWELL, fen. Sapt. G. FLEMING, Superintendent. 9.00.. .. Bartow. .Lv\ 5.50; Seed Grower, Madison, Ark.


A -

: 27


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-- -- --- -
------ -
------ --- -- ----
------ --

Tariff Western Cities from JacksonviMe\ Callahan, Gainesville and Live Oak,

Per I I Per I Per I Per Per
TO I Per Car TO I Per Car TO Per Carl i TO Per Car TO Per Car
Boa load I Boa I load I I Box! load I l Box) load Box. Load
--I -- --I -1- -

Augusta/ Ga................. 30 fOO 00 Cedar Rapids, Ia.......... ...... .........1 Fort Scott, Kan..j 90 14000 Logansport, Ind._........., ...... .... Portsmouth, Ohio........ ... .__.
Atlanta, Ga.................. 35 70 001 ,Champaign, Ill............. ... .........1 Gallon Ohio......_......... ... '.........' i Lincoln, Neb. .._......... 91 1156 40 Peoria, Il1._.................. 65 116 00
Atchison, Kan............. .. ,. .........1 I Dalton, Ga......?...... ...... 40 80 001 Gallipolis, Oblo............ ... I I......... Macon, Ga....................., 25 I 50 00 Plttsburg, Pa......_......... 66 126 00
Adraln, 1\llch................ ...... .........1 'Dayton, O. .................. ... ........' Grand Rapids, Mich..... ... I.' ......... Mobile, Ala....................I 40 80 00 ...... .........
Ann Harbor, bitch,....... ._ .........' ,Delaware, Ohio.............1. ... ..1, Henderson .,Ky............. 5S 100 00 Montgomery, Ala........I 35 I 7000 40 80 00
Alton, 111....................... ... .........I: :Defiance. Ohlo..1 ... ..........1 I Illckman, Ky........?...... 55 1100 00 Mansfield, Ohio............ ... ,.......... Rock sland. 111,........... ...... .........
Anniston, Ala............... 40 8000; Detroit, l\Uch.M..1 70 120 00, Indianapolis, Ind......... ro 111000 Massmon, Oblo..........., .., I......... .Rochester, N. Y._......... 68 134 00
BIrmingham, Ala......... 40 80 001 Danvllle 111.:1..........': Jeffersonville, Ind...... 58 10800 Mt. Vernon.) Ohio........ ... '......... Sandusky, Ohio....?...... 5116 00
Bloomington, III .........1 ... .........1 JDavenportila...............\ ...... l ........ Jacksonvllle, 111_........., .., ......... Memphis, Tenn........... !5 : 90 00 Sioux City, Iowa.......... ... ....-..
Burlington 1a..1 ...... .........1' ( ............ ... ........1 Joliet, Ill.......,...._......... ... ......... \Illwaukee: Wis..........;. 70 120 00 Springfield, Ill....._...... ...... .....
Belleville 1U......_......... .. ......... neB Moines, Iowa......... .....: j......... Jefferson City, Mo........ ...... .....,... I Madison, Ind.....?......... ... I.......... St. Joseph Mo................ ...... .........
Buffalo, I'4.l Y ................. [ 66: 126 00! !Denver, Col........... ...... 1 85 i 1250 00 I, Knoxvllle, Tenn ......... 45 90 00 Minneapolis, Minn.?.., .,.... I i......... .St. Louis, l\lo... ............. 65 11600
Bay City l\llcb...?......... ...... ........ Dixon, II1?..................... ... .........j I Kenton, Ohio. I. ... .......,. Madison Wis................ ...... 1..1 Saginaw, Mich.......... .. ... .........
Bristol, Tenn............._ ... .........1 Elyria, Ohio.................. ...... I I.?...,.. Kalamazoo, Mich..l 70 120 00 (Montreal, Canada.M....... ...... I Sr.rlngtteldOhIOM......... ... .........
i Cleveland 0..._...... ...... 70 120 00 Evansville Ind............ 56% 106 00 Kansas City, 1\10.,_...... ...... ......... I Nasbville,Tenn............ 45 90 00 ........ ...... ..........
Cincinnati,, Ohio...,..... 55 100 00 East Saginaw, l\ltcb..._ ... ........, LansingMich.............. ...... ......... (New Orleans............. 45 90 00 Toledo OM. .................. 70 120 00
Cairo, Ill.. .................... 60 11000 East St. Louis, 111......... 6.5 116 00 LaCrosse, WIs............... ...... ......... Newark, Ohio............... ... .......,. Terre Haute, Ind ......_ 60 110 00
Columbus, Ky.............. M 100 00 Emporia, Kan.M............. I 0.5 16200 Lima, Ohio......?..... ...... ... ......... .Omaha, Neb.................. ...... ......... Toronto, Can.............. ...... ...._..
Columbus, Ohio........... ... ......... Erie Pa .................?...... 66 126 00 Lafayette Ind......_...... ... ......... Ottawa, Can..... ............ ...... ......... Topeka, Kan................ 95 14800
COlumbus, Ga .............. 35 70 00 (Fort,: Wayne Ind......... ... ......... I Lancaster, Ohio............ .. :Oil City, Pa. ................. 66 126 00 Urbana, Ohio................ ... .........
Council Bluffs, la......... ...... ......... Findlay: ohio............... ...... ......... Leavenwortn, Kan ...... .... .. .IPekln, Ill. ..................... .. ......... Wheeling, W.Va?.......,. 66 126 00
Chicago, IlI._............... 6.5 116 001 'Fremont, Ohio ......M...... ... ..\ I Louisville, Ky............?.. b5 .100 00. 'Pana, IlL....................... ... ......... Winnipeg/ 1tlan............ ,...... ..._.
Chattanooga, Tenn..., 40 80 ''Fort Dodge, Iowa.......... 1 18 .17000. Little Rock, Ark......_... 55 120 00 IPlqua, Ohio.................... ... ..........


( Via All Rail to Via Direct Steamships to !I I I Via the Atlantic Coast Line to

: I Provl- i Wasb- Boston
SavanCharles- :New I dente Pblladel- BaltlIngton.: New lladeland
nab. ton. : : York. and phla. more. and York. phla. ProvtI -

I I'Boston. I,:' Baltlm'e dence.

FROM .1, .
I -:: H -
o .0 0 H .0' I: o -: o'.0 o .0 0.0 o' o .0 o A o .Q
sp J-tt": J-t1Q: J-tQl: J-tcl:: J-tQl: sp rp: wp wp wp wp wp s.p:; wp >J-t p wp J-t1Q: >.4pmp :
m m m ''Q) m m m m Q) Q) m m m m m Q) m m o
4 a a a i : a P-4 I P-4 s a 4'I' a a 4 p4 p. p p. sI
- -- - ,- - r

Stations Savannah, Florida & Western Itallway.?............?............................ ... ... ... .J.1','/I ... ... ... ... ..., ... ... i i . . . . .
Jacksonville Callahan. and Live Oak................................................................ 20 40 25 50' 30 00 30 60 301\ 601 Z1 55 : . . . ., .
Gainesville, I'4 ew Branford.............._......................................_?..,...................... 30 60 35 70 40'' 80 401 80 401 801 37 75' I . . . .. ... .
Landings on St. Johns river ...................................................._.............................. 30 60 35 70 40 80 40 80 401, 801 37 75 . . . . .. ... .
Stations on Fla. So lty north of and including Ocala ......................................... :J,5 70 40 80' 45 90 4.5 904l> ro[ 42 851 . .. ... .. .... .. ....
Stations on 'Ia. So. Ry. south of Ocala ............................................................... 35 75 42 g,5i 1 47 95 47 95 \ 47 1 95 4.J 00 . . .. . .. .. .. .
Stations on Fla. So. Ry'.. St. J. & L. E. Division?..................?.............................. 37: 75 42 85' I 47 95 49 951 47 47 95, i . . .. .. .. .. ....
Landings on Lake. Santa Fe................................................_................................. ... ... I I... ......I I : ... ...... ... ... ... 951 ... ......!: . .. .. . .. .. ....
Tampa........................... ................................................................................... 45 90 50 100 55 1 10 55 1 10 I 55 1 55 1 10 : . .. .. .. ... ...
Landings on l\lanatee R iver..................................................................... .............. ... .. .. ... .... I ... ...... ... ...... ... ...... ... ......' I . . .. .. ... .. ....
StatIons on J., St. A. & H. R. Ry.....................................,....................................... ... ... ... ...! : .o. ...... ... ...... ... ....... ... ...... : . . .. .. .... .. .. ..
Palatka............................................ .............................................................,............. 30 60 35 70"" 40 80 80 40 8On: 75, I . . .. ... .. ....
St. AugustIne.................................................?.......................................................... ... ... ... ...i, f ... ...... ...I ...... ... ...... .,. ...... 1 I . . .. . .. .. .. .
Stations on J. T. & K. W.Ry ...... ..................................................,......................... ... ... ... ",1 ... ...... .. ...... ... ...... ... ...... I . . .. .... .. ....
Landings on Lakes Eustis and Harris..........................................................,.,.... 42 85 47 951 : 52 105 59i+ 125 52 105 52 1 ()5 . .. .. ... ... ..
Stations on South Florida ItaUroad I :
FromBelalrtoMcKlnnon.lncluslve.......................... ................................ ..... 40 80 45 90'' : 501100 501 I 100'' 50 100 47 95' . .. ... .. ....
From Kissimmee to Acton, Inclusive............................_ ................. ................. 4.5 90 50 1001 55 110 5511..0 1' 55 110 52 102 . .1 .. ... .. ....
From Plant to Orient.a, lncluslve....................................................... ..... 50 100 5.1 110 60 120 60 120 57 115 . . .. ... .. .. ..
From City to Bartow. Inclusive......................... ............................... 55 1101 60 120', 1).5) 130 65 130) 65 1301) 62 12. . .. .. . ... .. .. .
Stations on F. Ii. & N. Co. north of and Including Ocala. .............,.................. 35 70, 40 80' 45 90 45 90 45 42 8h . ". .. .. .. .. .. ....
Stations on F. B. & N. Co south or Ocala-_...................................................., 37 42 1 8-5"" 47 95) 47 951 47 95.JJ 1 90 . . . .... .. ....
Stations on Sanford & Indian River R. R. ......................... ............................. ... ...7.51 ... I ......I I ... ......' ... ...I .... .. ......! I . . . .. .. ....
Stations on Tavares Orlando do Atlantic H. R................................................... .. .....'II .. I ......' ... ............ ... ...... I ... ...... I... ......1' . . . .. ... .. .. ....
Gulf points north Tampa...................................................................................... ... ......1.... .... ... ... ...... ... ...... I I... ......;, t . . . . .. ....
Gulf points south Tampa..................................................................................... ... ...... ... ...... ... ..... ... ...... 1 ... ..... ... ...... . . . . .. ....
I : .1 I I I : : I .1


CONNECTIONS.Double The capacity of the Standard barrel must not exceed that of an ordinary flour barreL
Excess of capacity over the above will be liable to pro rata excess of charges.

dally fast freight service for all points West via Albany, Jesup and Savannah. The Car-load is estimated at 20,000 pounds or 400 Standard Boxes. Excess of this
Daily fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern Interior amount will be chareed for pro rata rnr-lnad shipments mnstbe to one di in at!on and

and Coast points, including New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore Washington and to one consignee.
Providence. Prepayment freight will not be required, but good order and condition of shipment
Tri-weekly connection for New York via the Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savant I will be an absolute requirement. It is clearly understood between the shippers and the
nah Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. : transportation companies that no responsibility shall attach for loss or damagel however
Twice a week for Baltimore via the Merchants and Miners Transportation Co., leaving occasioned, unless it be from negligence, and that such loss must y to the
Savannah Tuesdays and Friday s. company upon whose line such negligence may be located.
Weekly connection for Boston via the Boston and Savannah Steampship Co., leaving The charges advanced by this Line In good faith to connections at those points will not
Savannah every Thursday. be subject to correction by this Line.
Weekly connection for Philadelphia ocean Steamship Co., leaving Savannah every I In every case the full name and address of the consignee must be given for Insertion In
Saturday. I Bill Lading and on the Way-bill.
Sailing days ofSteamshlpsaresube; _'_ change without notice.INFORMA.'l 1 I Single shipments to Western points will be charged at double rates.
-.-- No single shipment taken for less than $1 to Boston, New York Philadelphia and Bait
more. If shipped beyond,they will be charged in addition the single package rates of connecting
n II' FOR HI I?I?33 US. II lines and cost of transfer.

To make through rates from points ti toutary to the above, add the rates of connecting i 1Rtencl1s., shipping receipts and Information furnished on application to any ol the agents
lines to above rates For further information, If needed, apply to Agents of the lines or to
The dimensions of the Standard tie S tor Vegetables are 8xl4x23inche; and the weight Is C. D. OWENS, JAMES L. TAYLOR,
itlnxated at.60 pound Traffic Manager Savannah, Ga. Gen'l Freight Agent, Bavaanali, G*.




JOHN T. LESLEY, President. S. A. JONES, Gen. Manager. LAWSON CHASE,Sec. &Treas.



Are reliable and responsible,and being chartered are amenable to the State. Have every REAL ESTATE. r

description of Real Estate. We solicit correspondence. Send for our Descriptive

Pamphlet and newspaper._ .

W. R. BROWN & CO. .

REAL ESTATE DEALERS Broward Lots, Burnside Beach Lots,


REFERENCES-Gov. E. A. Perry, Tallahassee; If on. A. J. Russell, Jacksonville; Hon. LOTS IN
Walter Gwynn, Sanford.SETTLERS._

Simpson's Addition to SpringfieldOn

Small payments down and balance on long lime. Lots In Welshton. Money to Loan.
Investments made a.-id guaranteed.IN'rELLlG1iNCE .


Choice Fruit and Vegetable Lands near transportation for Investment or Cultivation.
Certain Market for Farm Produce: Attractive Sits for Homes; Railroad and Daily Malls;
also Town Lots at San Pablo and Atlantic City on ttie Installment Plan if desired. Address OFFICE.Help .
JAS.M. KKEAMER, President over Hank of Jacksonville, or W'. II. GRANT, Supt., '
San Pablo, Florida. supplied and positions secured.


C'' I... E] .7L eft? C'' C> ,
The Stereopticon Advertising Company's Space to Let.
Real Estate Brokers and Agents
For information to any of the above,address

61 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
Orange Groves, Truck Farms, and Lands of every description. City ,
and Suburban Property for Sale. P. O. Box 25. Over Bank of Jacksonville.
Correspondence solicited.FLORIDA.

SAVINGS BANKAND Braidentown Real Estate Agency. I KISSIMMEE

EDGAR ITI. GUAIIAIT1,. Real Estate Agency.
Attorney at Law, Real Estate Agent and Jus-
REAL ESTATE EXCHANGE tice of the Peace, -

Braidentown, Manatee Co., Fla. Lands! Low Prices !
Healthy ]
Will buy and sell all kinds of Real Estateon
Has for sale choice Lots Orange Groves and Wild Lands. Allows Interest on deposits, Collects commission. Eighteen years' residence Klsslmmee offers the best cLances for set-
Rents and Interest, Negotiates Loans,etc. In Manatee County. Personal knowledge of tlers in Florida. It Is the coming district,as
J. C. CREEL.EY, President. L. D. UOSJ1ER, Treasurer. most of the lands throughout the county. all who know the H ate testify. There Is Big
for investors In Town Lots.
and Money
As a practicing Attorney, as County I
Judge for a number of years, I have had oc-
2,000,000 ACRES'OF LANDFOR casion to become familiar with many titles High Pine and Hammock LandsAt
and the County Records Having been contin-
uously engaged,all these years, In the actual reasonable prices.
SALE BY cultivation of the principal fruit and vegetable -
products of this semitropical section, Also good land for Truck Farming. A few
gives me advantages in the selection of the small Bearing Groves on tracts of from
THE FLORIDA SOUTHERN uiiiiT% mm. various qualities of lands suitable. Maps Twenty to Eighty acres, at very low prices.
and Abstracts furnished,Titles examined and These Groves are easily enlarged,and afforda
Deeds executed. Information furnished. Cor- good start. Correspondence solicited.

respondence solicited. DO WELL & ROSE.
SITUATED IN THE COUNTIES OF NOTE.-Braidentown Is situated on the
south bank of the beautiful Manatee River, Kissimmee,Orange Co.,Fla.
about thirty-five miles south Tampa. Has
Columbia, Bradford, Clay, Putnam, Alachua, Levy, Marion, Orange dally service by the elegant steamer Margaret. W. M.LEDWITH. F.C.SOLLEE.
Adjacent are the lovely Terra -
Sumter, Hernando, Hillsborough, Brevard, Baker, Polk & Manatee, and Palma Sola Bays, Cela1sarasota. LEDWITH' & SOLLEE
kinds of fish, clams and oysters; and here on ,
the Gulf coast are the most beautiful building -
Consisting of the finest Orange, Farming and Grazing Lands In the State of Florida. Prices site s In the world,with thousands of acres DEALERS IN
81.25 to$5 per acre, according to location. of hammock and pine lands, where tropical
fruits and choice vegetables may be grown to REAL ESTATE,
For further Information,apply to Office Florida Southern Railway Co.,Palatka,Fla. perfection.
Office,No.Herkimer Block,

Chief Clerk, Land Department. (sep29yl) General Manage- 571,320 100 ACRESSouth Headquarters for Haines City Property.


. Florida Lands, Lakeview on Kingsley Lake
E. R. TRAFFORD, General 11auag er,
1.;350 buys a retract FLORIDA|
90,000, Acres of the Finest Lands in South Florida I situated Volusla in Wumter the counties, Polk of Hernando Orange,, Brevard.Hillsbor Send 2 cent stamp for;Maps,*etc.,to

ough and Manatee, and I TROPICAL LAND CO.,
THE LAKE REGION OF POLK COUNTY. |P. O. lox 158, Jacksonville, I Ia.

REFER TO Ex-Gov. Geo. F. Drew,
Two hundred deep,clear spring lakes, within a radius of ten miles. Their high banks 849 TOWN LOTSIn Jacksonville Rev C.
timbered with a luxurious growth of pine and oak, and being on the very summit of tht V McLean,St.Augustine.
dividing ridge ot the peninsula of Florida. Its dry air offers an Inducement to the Invalid, nov9-ly .
Its beautiful and diversified scenery, boating, fishing, etc., offers the finest opportunity; for
people of taste to acquire a lovely winter home, where all the pleasures and comforts of our ihe towns of Klsslmmee, Winter Haven,
balmy climate can be enjoyed. Add to these the eminent suitability of the soil for the cut- Eagle Lake, Gordonvllle, Bartow, Auburn- FOR, SALE.
ture of the orange and other semi-tropical fruits, and the fact that both the South Florida dale, Lakeland, heftier, Mango and Orient.
and the Bartow Branch Railroads run several miles through this tract make this the most AlsoLots in the towns of Pemberton, Owens- GROVE AND NURSERY.Sixty .
desirable locality In South Florida. These lands are divided into lots of five acres and upwards boro Rich land, Kathleen and H ask ell, on
,and will be sold on most favorable terms to Improvers or settlers. line of the Pemberton Ferry Branch. A map thousand Orange Seedlings trans-
and descriptive notes of South Florida, show- planted In nursery, two and three year old:
ANCLOTE, HERNANDO COUNTY.At ing location of these lands, will be furnishedon some budded. Also forty acres choice land
application to the Land Department of with Grove of 1000 trees, three to six years
the mouth of the Anclote river, on the Gulf coast; high land In full view of the the South Florida Railroad I'ompany. old.all In good condition. Will be sold cheap
salt air. salt water fish miles of beds. land for
ocean; oyster High residences and orange and will make a llvl and a fortune to some
groves,rich bottom land, perfectly drained for vegetable gardens. A sugar plantation of 2X(( one. For particulars g and terms address
acres now being established by a sugar planter from Cuba, who selected this point after S. O. CIIASE, GROVE AND NURSERY,
looking over the whole State. Post-office,store, church, school, saw-mill and all requisites s
P. O. Box 61 Fort Meade Fla.
Acting Gen'l Land Apt.S. F. R. R. Co., ,
for settler. Protected from frost by the warm waters of the Gulf of Mexico on the North
Sanford, Fla.
west.This Company have also rich and alluvial lands in Sumter, Alachua and
ties,and flrstrclass sites for building purposes all along the South Florida oranfeCoun. TAYLOR I 1,2 AND 4-HOBSE POWERS.
do well for elsewhere.prospective purchasers to look at the lands offered by this Company before purchasing MAYWOOD.Groves Overhead oat

lU _J.l:. *j=' of dirt and snow.
made and warranted on the most .- .
favorable terms, in one of the most healthy _:i. best. Sendclreatats
For full particulars address, sections of Florida. Boarding and houses to --- -'" ."" for to
BLOUNT & WHITLEDGE Bartow Polk County, Florida.G. rent at moderate prices. Send for particularsand _,s TAYLOR
M. MORRISH, Anclote. llernando County, Florida. 20 cents for glimpses at the Orange Land. noise: POWER
J. E. LAMBETH. Gainesville, Alachua For reference we refer you to the editor of COSPA5T,
A. MARTIN Mackinnon,Orange County, Florida,or to *. this paper. Direct to'V. SOAS28..C*>il8LCHICAGO.
;< E. R. TRAFFORD, General ManagerSanford,Orange County, Florida. <** H. REED ; .
nov24-lyr ,< Pittman, ila.. .atlea W.ra...






.< __-" '.... -I. T .1.

I I .

h ,. -






Is delivered at your nearest Station: ,

-: Irving's Patent Water-Proof Building .At $I6 :Per -rOD.:

Paper, Address


Fort Mason,Fla.
t ALSO AGENT FOR :L.. W SE11/: :.c .leT dfe C'C' >.,

General Commission MerchantsAND

Send for Circulars and Samples. Agents wanted everywhere. 123 Clinton Street, Boston.
REFERENCES: A.Manvllle,Jacksonville; L.L.Newsome,Crescent City; B.F.Whit-
I .. No.55X West Bay:Street; ,Jacksonville,Fla. ner, Fort Reid; Rev.Lyman Phelps,Sanford; C.W.Campbell,Jr.,Ocala; Fouth National

Akf :J:? rodu..ce Commission.:
+ The undersigned Laving made arrangements with the large Commission house of Mr.E.B.
Woodward No.174 Charrbers Street,New York, (Established 1838: ,)takes great pleasure In
offering all kinds of Produce,such as

Potatoes, Onions, Cabbage, Cheese, Butter, Etc.,
at the very lowest possible cash prices. Otter Skins purchased at highest prices for cash.
' Nothing but the choicest goods sold. Consignments of Oranges, Vegetables, etc.,
also solicited for the above named house. Orders by mall receive prompt attention.
: Respectfully yours, IZAKL.O & CO., 30 West Bay St., Jacksonville,Fla.
/" I In w
1O Years .Established.

G SJ\ : ? .A..IMEFt: : : : ,

Commission' 1\I.Jercb.ant: :
15w t 166 Reade Street, I FOR THE SALE I NEW YORK.
fruits and Produce, Also Hides, Furs, Honey, Etc. Florida Orange. a
References-Banking houses and principal shippers throughout the State. Bend for Sten-
cils and Market quotations. Trl-weekly quotations by telegraph to Times-Union during
shipping season.

{ l q ht nI ESTABLISHED 1870.BEAN .

I, I L e li h nII E. .
II I I I ) N il'' M ,

Commission Merchant and Forwarder ,

t D.D.RoGERS C.D/RoGER. Waycross Railroad Wharf, Jacksonville, Fla.

D. D. ROGERS & CO., Branch Packing-House, TVaycross Railroad Depot, Gainesville, Fla.

DEALERSjiN Oran g es, :Lemons: ,
:M: E'P .A.. :L. :Ft C> C> :F'I 11'J: : : c And other Fruits and Vegetables,

Corrugated Iron,Fire Proof Iron Shutters,&c.,Metallc1BuildingSupplies.; PACKED SHIPPED AND SOLD.
State Agents for E.Van Noorden&Co'sMETA.LIC ,
SHINGLES. Reliable Correspondents in all the principal cities of the United States.

74 West Bay street,JACKSONVILLE,FLA. Green :L.ern: is: \

ro vv'ere' S1..1pp1Les.Have : : : .
a full stock of Growers'Supplies-consisting of Cottonwood Thin Wood for Orange
: BARRS CLARK & TATE Boxes,which makes the Whitest, Lightest, Strongest and Cheapest Box In use. Beach
(Bangor)Thin Wood,Dressed Pine Heading,Hoops,Manilla Orange Wraps,etc.,etc.,all ot ..
the best quality,and cheaper than the cheapest.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL Agent for the Sale of the Stevens Sizer and the Dayton Tramway Fruit Car

Booksellers Stationers Paper DealersNo. Send for Circulars and Stencils. sep4-tf

29 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla. BUY HECKER'S SUPERLATIVE FLOUR.BUY .

'" 59 and 61 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Florida

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL Always Ready! Always Reliable and Perfectly Healthful.
Books, Stationery, Newspapers, Periodicals and
Dyspeptics and persons who cannot eat Buckwheat Cakes made by the old process with
Music Games Dolls and Goods
Toys Fancy yeast can use the Self Raising Buckwheat without detriment.
Base-Ball Goods, Croquet and Out-door DIRECTIONS: To 3 pounds of

': Amusements. llccltcr'.s: Heir-Raising Buckwheat:

llarcourt's Fin. :Fruits and How to liaise Them. New Ed. Revised, En- add five pints Cold water or milk,or part each,and bake immediately. Keep the batter In
larged and fully Illustrated. Cloth...... .......... .......................................$1.25 a cool place If not wanted for Immediate use. This wilt produce seventy light and delicious
Moore'n Orange Culture, Kev.Ed ...... ............,. ... .. ................. ....... ...... I.OO cakes,preferred by many to those made with yeast.
87: oemler's Truck Farming In the South. ............................. .............. ...... .. 1.50 Hold by All Grocers.
Whitner's Gardening In Florida............................................................... 1-50
McClellan's Digest Laws of Florida................................................ ........ 4.00 GEO. V. HECKER & CO.,
I have all the Maps, Books,etc.,on Florida that are published. Complete lists on appllca- 176 Bay Street,Savannah,Ga,
tlon. Legal Blanks of every description.,, __ _.. ,_,_ -

a 100 Varieties. Also Small Fruits. Qunlltyunsufpnssed. Warranted true. Very cheap.
3 sample vines mailed for 150. Descriptive price list free. LEWIS ROESCH,Fredonia,J.I. Jersey Cattle Journal Pure and Simple.


.... c_ ,


., u

. -.-...... .....,.- = ... \... :



... '
r 1

"' ,
i \ S
I ..... 1

Boston and Savannah Steamship Co. !I 1H75. ...'........

Great Southern Freight and Passenger Route between New England and AND ,

Georgia, Florida, Alabama, the South and Southwest.

Transhipment.First-Class Passenger- Accommodations.No a:. No Extra. Handling. -u : : : : : .A.. JBC>LTEl..S: .

(Successor to J. E. Hart,)
Cabin Passage, $20; Excursion 835.00; Steerage, S12,
20 West Bay Street Jacksonville, Fla.I .
handle none but the Best and most Reliable Seeds. My new Catalogue will be sent free on
.., The superior Iron Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail from application. Also, Wholesale Dealer in

:; Boston every Thursday at 3 P. M.\ and from Savannah as follows : Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Grits, Meal, BranWheat,

.iI'''' _
..... J'

... J. E. Tygert & Co.'s Star Brand Fertilizers.Guaranteed .

.. .

,'. Comprising ORANGE TREE and VEGETABLE


CITY OF MACON, Capt. Kelley.............................................Thursday, Sept. 30,at 8:30: p. m MURIATE OF POTASH, SULPHATE POTASH,
GATE CITY, Capt. Hedge.......................................................-.Thursday, Oct. 1,at 2:30 p. m
CITY OF MACON Capt. Kelley ...............................................Thursday, Oct. 14, at 7:30 p.m NITRATE SODA, KAINIT, ETC.
GATE CITY Capt. Hedge................_..............?.......................Thursday, Oct. 21, at 1:00 p. m 27 tl r
CITY OF MACON, Capt. Kelley................................................Thursday, Oct. 28, at 7:30 p.m Prices on application. July
GATE CITY Capt. Hedge....?......Thursday, Nov. 4,at 1:00: p.m
CITY OF MACON, Capt. Kelley.................................................Thursday, Nov. 11,at 6:00 p.m '
GATE CITY, Capt. g ..Thursday Nov. 18,at 11:30 a. m BRADLEY FERTILIZER CO.
CITY OF MACON, Capt. Kelley..Thursday, Nov. 25, at 7:00 p.m ,
GATE CITY Capt. Hedge...................?....................................Thursday, Dec. 2,at 11:30: a. m
CITY OF MACO> Capt..Kelley...............................................Thursday, Dec. 9,at 5:00: p. m OF BOSTON. .
GATE CITY, Capt. Hedge.........................................................Thursday, Dec. 16,at 10:30 a. m 1
Through Bills Lading:and Tickets over Central Railroad of Georgia Savannah Florida
and Western Railway, and connecting with East Florida by the Waycross Short Line. ATTENTION, ORANGE GROWERS !
(Florida Dispatch)and the Steamers of the b Island Route.

W. H. RINu. Nickerson's Wharf, Boston. Use Bradley's Orange Tree Fertilizer.
For Freight and rooms apply to RICHARDSON & BARNARD Agents, Savannah Ga.

For Tickets apply to connecting lines. '' .
HENRY R. CHRISTIAN. G.S.Agent. Result! of Nine Yearn Experience in Orange Culture.

NORWALK Fla., September 7, 1885.
SAVANNAH LINE. Having had nine years' experience In orange culture In Florida,and having tried various
kinds of fertilizers I feel It my duty to m neighbors to say that your goods have proved of. .... or.
-FOR- more value to me for orange trees than any other fertilizer I have used. {
TIME: I have given Bradley's ('range Tree Fertilizer and Fine Ground Bone a good test for two
A years, having used your goods by the side of others where I could compare results. I shall
55 to 60 Hours invest In no other,and cheerfully recommend your goods to the public. M. II. BEAN .

betweenSAVANNAH ,; \ A1iP\ 1V3E W YORK [ .

A \ Attention, Florida Gardeners !

and.' -AND- Use Bradley's Florida Vegetable Fertilizer ., ,'
.. "
Prepared Especially for Florida Truckers. ,/ ;.
: ALSO ,'-..#' ..
"" .

Steamship Companv. -
OCALA, Fla..September 15, IMS5.
The Bradley's Florida Vegetable Fertilizer" which I bought of you last season has given
(Central or 9O :Meridian Time.) most excellent results and I take pleasure in giving you this testimonial. I find this fer-
tilizer to be Just what It is represented and I cannot speak too highly in Its favor.. I want
Passage Rates Between Savannah and New Y OfK. same amount this season. D. O. EICHELBEHGER.

To from New York Cabin 825 512.50 Excursion return FORT MASON, Fla.,August 21,188,5.----- i
Steerage ( 13.50.
or ; ; trip),
We have used Bradley's Fertilizers extensively on vegetables and orange trees and they
THE of this to sail follows
Steamships Company are appointed
Magnificent as :
have given better satisfaction than any fertilizers we ever used. 1 VIES &TAYLOR.

CHATTAHOOCHEE, Capt. Catherine.... ...................................Friday, October 18:30 a. m
NACOOCHEE. Capt. Kempton.......?......... .............?................Monday: October 4-11:00 a. m Full Supply of Braclley's Pure Fine Ground Bone Bradley's Palmetto -
T TALLAHASSEE Capt. Fisher..............................................Wednesday, October 6- 1:00 p.m .
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Capt. Nlckerson......??.............................Fridav, October K- 2:30 p. m A Phosphate, Bradley's Sulphate of Potash, .
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Capt. H. C. Daggett............................Monday, October ]11- 4:30)p. m Nitrate of Soda, etc., etc.
CHATTAHOOCHEE, Capt. Catharine..................................Wednesday, Oc obf 135:30: p. m
NACOOCHEE Capt. Kempton......................................................Friday, October 15-- 7:00 a. m
TALLAHASSEE Capt. Fisher...................................................Monday, October 18- 9:00 a. m Send for Circulars.
CITY OF AUGUSTA? Capt. Nlckerson..............................Wednesday, October 20-11:00 a. m GEORGE E. WILSON State j\gent
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Capt. H. U; Daggett,?..........................Friday, October 22- 1:30: p. m ,
... CHATTAHOOCHEE, Capt. Catharine......................................Monday, October 25- 4:00: p. m 50 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.V .
NACOOCUEE, Capt. Kempton.............................................Wednesday October 27- 6:00: p. m
TALLAHASSEE, Capt. Fisher................................... .................Friday, October 297:00: a. m -

[These Steamers do not carry Passengers.] .

DESSOUG: Capt. Smith.............................................................Tuesday, October 5-12:00: m. Orange; Trees and All Kinds of Ve e"tnbleH.
JUNIATA Capt. -.................-...............................................Saturday, October 168:00 a. m Natural food for plant-life Especially adapted to sandy soils. Anyone wishing to obtaina '
DESSUOG, Capt. Smith.............................................................Saturday,October 2T- 2:30 p. m strictly good fertilizer will find it to his Interest to try this. It Is not a cone ntrated
JUNIATA, Capt. -............................................._................Saturday. October 308:00: a. m chemical fertilizer but a well manufactured Organic Compost. The effect Is permanent. "

THESE PALACE STEAMERS, Price ( in Sacks ) $10.00 per Ton.

Send for Circulars. I have no agents. Address ,
with the Savannah Florida and Western Short Line
Connecting Railway (Waycross ) and GEO. HUTCHINSON,
the Sea Island Route. orr
Crescent Fla.
Offer to the Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line. City, s
Through Tickets and Bills of Lading Issued to principal points North East and Northwest
via Savannah. For further particulars apply to
Pier No.35, North River,New York. City Exchange Building Savannah, Ga. ,
W. L.JAMES Agent 13 S.Third Street Philadelphia.J. CHARLESTON, s. C.
D. HA8HAGEN. Eastern Agent,Sav., Florida & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broad way,N.Y.
For Tickets apply\ to connecting lines
Soluble Guano high Fertilizer.
Afelicly a complete grade
H. R. CHRISTIAN. Gen'l Soliciting Agent.
AMliley Cotton and Com Compound, a complete fertilizer for these two crops,
and also use d by the truckers near Charleston for vegetables.
Ashley Ash Element, a cheap and excellent fertilizer for orange trees,bananas, etc '

DELAND, FLORIDA. Ashley Dissolved! Bones. Ashley Aeld Phosphate. ,
A'.flrstrclass Academy for both.(xe*. Five courses: College Preparatory; Higher English r
Normal; nuslness.\ Industrial Drawing. First-class Art and Music Departments Fine Pure Ground Raw Bone; Pure Ground Fish, Nitrate of Soda. Sulphate Ammonia, Kalnit
new \ldln s, enabling us to furnish board and tuition at reasonable rates. Muriate, Potash,Cotton Seed Meal, etc.
The purpose of this Institution Is to give In the delightful climate of Florida, as thoroughand
liberal an education as can be secured In the best New England schools. For Almanacs and Hand Books,Agricultural Primers,and good articles on Peas, Kalnit
De Laud College will also receive students of both sexes prepared. to enter the Fresh- Floats,etc.,address
man Class. Send for Catalogue.


; DeLand, Fla., or II. A. DeLand, Fairport. N. Tf.. I Charleston.,8, C. ;
./< ,
... ":...

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