• TABLE OF CONTENTS
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 Main
 Acknowledgement
 Table of Contents
 I
 II
 III
 IV
 V
 VI
 Bibliography














Title: The present function of vocational agriculture, schools, and other agencies in the rural improvement of negroes in Leon County, Florida
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055748/00001
 Material Information
Title: The present function of vocational agriculture, schools, and other agencies in the rural improvement of negroes in Leon County, Florida
Physical Description: 135 leaves : ill., map ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Marshall, Lonnie A
Publication Date: 1930
 Subjects
Subject: African Americans -- Economic conditions   ( lcsh )
African Americans -- Vocational education -- Florida -- Leon County   ( lcsh )
Rural conditions -- Leon County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Thesis: Thesis (M.S.)-- Iowa State College, 1930.
Bibliography: Bibliography: leaves 133-135.
Statement of Responsibility: by Lonnie A. Marshall.
General Note: Typescript.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00055748
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002583061
oclc - 13992907
notis - AMU9507

Table of Contents
    Main
        Page 1
    Acknowledgement
        Page 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
    I
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
    II
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
    III
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45-6
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
    IV
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
    V
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124a
    VI
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
    Bibliography
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
Full Text





SB


JOCTIZON


VYOCATIOMAr


AGBICULLTWRZ,


8CHOLS ,


AND


OHER


sJA 0iS


mT


RURAL


DIPROVSEM3T


L0ON


COuTr,


FLORZ A


LO NIE


EMA u


tted


the


Graduate


Faoulty


for


the


Degree


3Cso n


Jar


subject


Vooatimcal


Eduoatlon


* *


Ap-:mdx


YE (t%:


r





PHRasjr


A&f


L _~






5(o


-8-


0oX1


The


writer wi


thank


Mr.


Will'


Stat.


ape ~ rro r


legro


School e,


ooanty mu perinte


home


and


county


station


agents,


lo1ge


ohuroh


oflot olsm,


the


stud


Seaoh e


Traini n


Div sion


Florl d


grie ulta ral


and


Meo~anloal


Colle ge,


and


oth er


have


ealstat


tn giving


oolleoti g


intarasti o


for


this


stu .


writ er


aleo


dahoe


thank


Dr.


Boktoca,


Prof .


Barton


and


wi liam


te


Vooatinsal


Mdua-


tion D part


the


Lowa


State


College


ifor


the


assiatanoe


they


have


renlered


hi a


ing


thia


stu d









da-


TABLEI


CONTENTS


Page


ACDKOWTZDOMMSN


6 0 0 0 B 0 0 0. 0 0


,. 8


CHAPTER


P1rpoe


Study


S 9 S 0 S


.4o 6


Esthod


0 0 0 0 9 0 0 0 0 .


. B 8


General


Surrey


Leon


County,


Florida


0. .o 9


CHAPTER


TOE


SWDY


OF LODGES


0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 O 4


SMembership


Lodes-


S. 0 0 0 S 0 4 0 4


Attena4eS


0 0 a 0 0 o 0 0 0 0t


Idge


tinea


* 0 0 0 a 0


* t .


Attitie
itim


Lodge


Toward


0 0 0 0 S 0 0 0


Eduest onal


AOtiT-


0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0


Attitude
prices


Lod


Towar


. 0 0 0


Cooperative


Anter-


. .O 0 0 0 *4


Attitude


the Lodge
the Lodge


afd


Hall


atuotion


and


S0


Attitude
it14.


Lodges


Toward


Renroational


Aetir-


S * ** * *


CHAPTER


III.


TSN


STUDY


0 0 0 0 0


* *


Churoh


rwhip


6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0


Church


Attedaenee


a a


. 0 0 6 S 0 0 0 S 0 6


Ohuroh


S* * *


ttAituos
tiitiea


Chmeroh


anr


lanaational


A


000 0 a a * 0


I*


Attinpe.


Chw~eOn


Toward


Training


-Wa----- a.


* *


O *


tldrO


CHIRCHES










a'-


Page


Attituie of
Aetivittie


OChruhes T
* 0 .


'oward


BRereational


S* * *


Attitude of
terPeise


her


ehas


Toward


Cooperative


En-


. S e S * 0 0


Opinions of the Florida Teachere of Vooa-
tional Agri ulltre Re4arding the Influence
and Value of Curches and Lodaes in Voea-
tional Agricultral Aativities .


CHAPTER


SS STUDY
SCHOOLS


ROEHSALD


AND


... .. .


NON-ROSENWALD


. 0 0 0


The


Interest


Adults


snd


Teachera


S866


The


Organization


and


Work


the


Sohootl


. T5


The


SQualtifiation


and


Inte st


Teachers


The


Soeool


Plant


S0 0 0 * *


CHAPTER


STUDY


FARM


E1TERPRISLS


o


9 0 0 0 0


104


Size


and


Length


Tenure


0 0 0


104


The


The

The

The


Cotton

Corn S

Potato


Reoor1


and


Situatlom


ituatio

Situation


Aeoounting


Situation.


S 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0


* 0 00 0 * *

n e 0 0 0 0 S 6


106

108

1io


The


The


Peaant


Oats


Situation


Situation:


. 0


. 0 0 0 6 6 *


111


S 0 0 0


The


Sugar


Cane


Situation


0 0 S 0 0 0 0 *


The


Sit


tion


0 0 0 0


*** @


113


79


THE


General










e5e


Page


The


Situation


* a 0 0 0


116


The


Poultry


Egg


Situation


0 0 0 0 0


118


The


Butter


Fat


Situation


S C a 0 0


tmwa


and


Cono lusions


0 0 0


121


CHAPTER


VI.


nSEW


FARIERS


FLORIDA


124


* 0 0 0 0 .


Purpose

Program


the Organization

Work . .


. . .

. .


125

128


The


Annal


Judging


Contest


0 0 0 4 0 0


G::iRAL SUGARY


AND


C ONCLUSIONS


0 0 U 0 0 0 0 0 0 S


131


BIBLIOGRhP Y


S0 0 0 000 0. .0. .a a


155


LEON


COUNTY,


HmLO IDA


0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 S


156


HBg


TEE









I-
CI4 a.B


Purpose


the


Stuay


this


staya


the


writer


I analUyi 3


tiv-


ities


the


rariouso


in Leon


County


contributing


the


Asnlop


nad


oastl aal and


oti atim o


also


rural


aplift


progr


pos ibilitLe


egroea.


iaornainga


the


oo pe


d effeoti


sea of


these


motiviti as.


hoped


tibt


info


nation h rein


ated


tll


sOB


si at


eduo


1tional


d soetal


workers


the


county


pointing


hat


done


the


future


alona


line


nral


lift.


The


*spe~O e


purposes


thi.


rvey are


a. follow :


With re


eet


ohuroh o


lodee.,


I etemea
wart renre
-tintti -,
alo teas


Sthe
tional
ad t
211-sa


attitude of the ohuroh a
, cooperative and voeatio
o asoertain what thay are


a
gl


ad lodbk to-
ml ari cultural
aoetally doing


to dtee
vooat a
tioa to
i-Wove


the
ant


trial ral

mDroavan t


oe of tbm lodge
aotivitiel and
of the rork, and


and aburohe o
their oontrlba-
o the zral


atteen
maton --


ae how ay o hroh aend lodgep are
thi training at rural leadership,
of oomoioi en terprises for their *


actually
asd in the
at era.


II.


Wit h


repem


sohoole


eral,


inte art -t


Lata


tha


nm ml


nnim a


the


ageo f


up-


. .


..


m.


m









*T-


and thoir
school ard


professional
tbh oonnl


ad
ty;


general


attitude


toward


the


det eri e
aquipe. nt


the kind
found in


of *ohool build in ga
noh school.


kind


IlI


Ith


reopeot


voo at onal


agricultural


program.,


To eatene
the moral


the function of rooatitoal
orMVeSd of Leon Oounty;


agrio ultur


To deter
Florida"


the
the


present aunotion
rural improvement


the "e.
fazaer


Par
and


tar
its


to dote
tiomnl


rami tin oooapational
gritoultaral trainees


dia trit ti on
over a per od


the Vooa-
fire years.


IV.


With


respeot


ario cultural


improV


a whole,


Laet mine the
m enterprises


major,
osarried


the
on


seoondary
tTy


lay


the fo undation
ate rprt ee;;


sot ait ifL


analy


oommuniLty


to pro tde a
tare result e


record


with


ticoh


and


Ssea re


fa-









e-8


Ut.o


Prledte


:1fl


this


*tufl


was


oonduoted


gather


data


concerning the


prwent


tunotion of


vocational


agriculture,


sohools,


lodges,


and


ohurahes


rural


the


Nernes


Leon County,


Florida,


aooording


following


plan:


A letter aems ailed to eaoh of fifty lodge ofr ioials of
the county, aoh man was asked to fill out an enclosed
queatlo saMi whloh -Iked tfor inftr tlon oonoening the
nooaoMio, oduoati aal, and reraational activities of
the lod4e and the atti td toward the county agent, the
teacher of vonatiomal agriculture, fartera, and hmbere
of lodeS.


Fine oly of the fifty qma t ionnalr r turned
and these are mproperly fillet out. This situation
made it neeeasar to plan a neo mtbed at attack in
order to obtain aofloltent nxaer of queationnairee
to Justify the study. Personal interaiena and group
oonfbrene were used in the oeoond attempt. Whenever
the writer was not able to attend quarterly, annual,
and special matings, a rpresntatlive ef the senior
elasa or the teaoher of voostional agriculture attend-
e4 and oolleoted the data.


The seme
Churhe


plan as used
and schools.
ted instead


in oolleeting t
Wherver it was
of individuals.


he data from the
possible, group


sic
Tal


eolleetlag tHe
y te atudant
eor at mioa
a, aM by the
1n -.n.


far survey data the writer wea assist-
s of voational agriculture, by the
tudenta of the Teacher Training Divi-
teaoer of national agrioulture at


The


oea Tps eC Far
anlnA t r pAr


u uawy
* ua mv
USfA -ft


, with moditloationa
a m an of mannura


.-


meet
in-


JbBKTO










e9


BSrrqe


Lo a


County.


FlorlAs


Leon


County


looated


nor then


part


state,


sett lea


not

for


far distant

m*an year a,


from

but


the

has


Gulf


experieono


d more


has


rapid


been

Aeelop-


Bai11


World


War


than


Aurli


any


previous


tile.


its


history.


For


a long


tim


a large


portion


oo unty was


uno ultiva te


beoae u


the


aben tee


cnera


tho


rely


held


large


trseta


land


winter


sports.


But


there


a trend


present


out


large


plantati on


and


gae


pr serves


and


lot a


lnooa ng


settlers.


total


area


the


county


448,197


serer ;


186,219


aores


farms


37,T40


aores


are


the


actual


prosoes


COl-


ti ratim .


1926


population


county war


hits,


7.41;


legrosa,


18,604;


aite


far


Negro


1,100;


egro


era.


7 0;


legro


fanr


owners,


S30.


The


crop


Values


atAed


1, ,00,574.00.


oufaotures


totalled


. ,745,120.


county


has


liosrto n


olays


that


have


never


been


aro ali se.


o8ils


county


include


twelve


more


different


kinds,


sa reported


federal


Gov er


soil


saurey.,


Norfolk


sell


00:;










40cO


the


county


preset


a roUl g


pearazne;


from


Isal Les*e


south


there


a general


slope


Gulf,


sar faoe


being


asr ed


Ihe


swells


prinopal


instead


oure.as


hills.


r eaur


as in


aSre


general


northern


part.


grio ulture,


Al rTing


poultry


ing.


le asi ng


fain


orope


cot-


to ,


oats,


sweet


potatoes,


* peanaut,


velvet


beans,


hay,


and


. lba


peas.


Tobaooo


sron


xt entm


and


there


a oonaidemble acreage


allotted


water


one,


both


on and


seed


purposes.


Peoas


* crop


impor taoae,


and


Sat.'


pesohes.


grape.


pears,


fils


are


grown


on a


cited


scale.


Praotioally


vegetable.


grow


well


here,


no large


track


rket


asm


been


develop d


heneo


all


orope


are


mold


locally.


large


plant ti on


planted


over


100


eon.


gap-e


in 198.


The


daLrytng


indu


try


hem


t ornaued


oent


ainoe


1926,


aooordi


the


oo unty agent '


report,


there


has


been


imrea sae


per


een


in general


far


liTvesto o


mtili


that


length


timae.


ou nty


well


adapted


growing


dairy


tesdAs,


and


prim es


dairy


pro&-


uo t


a be


won at


state


fairs.


the r


*t or


Tal-


Nla a see


fhioh


buy.


ore


fro


all


partm


county,


and


all


not


---- -- -W -


abao b d


-


the


looal


market


SI


finmd


hobh


w












19 6,


man


the ooo


let ion


tlok


radioaton


work ha


ftyorable


felt


on the Aitrying


livestook


industry tes.


There


a'ran


alo B


liw6


hog


raiMing.


and


WIIer"


d oh


lOcahip


pri zes


have


been


won


Laon


Oomant


tarte


fairs.


The


print oipal


brAds


developed


Durool.


PoUlmnA


Cki


Spotted


A Chines,


hires.


The


Oowat y


states


that


there


ham


been


a 50


oMat


iareaso


raising Ln this


oouaty


siaoO


1926,


sand


that


.000


hogs


were


sold


1928.


A st ok yard


Tallahassme


profld es


rbt


for


live sook.


pen nint


tastioa


on to


any


local


South


0da s


so maqg


qoeoies


a-pged


anaestialo


-athl


itie .


than


Sn aus


in a


northern


ity.


This


int eret m~ea


aroused


part


nu te


ool


va riou


g enol @5


oaditioas


oftti


ftri ies,


or by


ionm


his


teat


o lloears t


le d er


cae.


able


tlon


oonrinoe


lesro


publ i


rsoe


and


safe


tiraet


at.


mr1l


ehuroh


days


lod4


reoon atr uoti a,


p oneered


saoh


providing


agenoti s


institti L


as the


for


the


s*dnati a


ta inlacg


legro


youth.


Good


en"


thee


piontsu


iontit ona


Larda o


college ,


warlP th


w


w_


I_


___









-12-


Episcopal


Charoh;


Florid a


State


St.


Augustine,


flori da,


established


the


eaiaonary


Bapttst


Churo h


Beth ne-Ooo


n College,


Daytona


Beaoh,


florida,


established


the


Colored


thodlt i


Epi moopal


Church;


GrLtfin Aoademy,


Tallahaase*,


florida,


establish ed


Pri iti e


Bapt tat


Church.


This


last


named


institute on


only


located


in Lea


County,


florida.


ohur ohee


lodges


addition


aiding


their


respeo-


tite


ins titt ion s,


have


Sontribated


oati anously


looal


schools.


the


county


has


forty-five


ohUrOh


legroes,


rep-


rea


ting


f allowing


Aenominatit on


s aionery


Baptist,


Primitive


Baptt st,


Ifrican


methodist


Epi ao opal,


Colored


thodiat


Episcopal,


Church


Pai th


God,


Sanotitfed


Church.


There


fifty


lodges


cocaty,


representing


four teen


differ


t organs sati ona,


with


total


eabera hip


approximately


5,000


person s.


oocnty


has


four


high


eohools


(two


for


whi tes


two


egroes),


tifty-seven


alee nta ry


eohools


( ifteen


for


whites


and


forty-t


egroes),


and


ool lesgs,


Florida


State


College


d the


Flori da


Agric cultural


and


o hanieal


College


legroes.


Althoaghas


inite


above, $1


lodges


and


ehuroh ee


tje


and









*lS-


gaer


nmI


through


th-H gbe


th Lverr


aote.


first


y was


appzopriata


for


par-


pose


oooperat ii


with


as state


the


training


persona


agri oaltum .


01onomtios,


and


trade a


the


extent


Mkng


diefftent


pmo oer e


a given


voo nation.


Noon d


aot


pseAn


oonren s


1914


anmal


appropriations


eaoh


state


were


agrio cultural


ext


sion


work


oraer


th oe


p. ron s


neoti ns


enrolled


regular


sOhool.

oounty.


There

There


are

are


several

eighteen


diLrotoru


4H


Clubs,


0on


ten for


o an ag
girls.


;t


at in

five


the

for


woae n.


and


three


for


bo~B


(with


a tot al


enrollment


818).


allowing


philanthropic


ageoi sa


are


coo p rating


the


training


*graom:


irt ,t.


the


Boe


wall


loundatio 6,


whioh


we.


et abli hed


* Juliaa


Roeniwald,


with


a capital


*to k


01B,0.00,000


"for


fit'


manciad,


with


mtipclati


that


both


it.


primnipal


within


ay'


t y-five


interest


yeara


that


after


mag


. B(


maorue


t be


en-lA' a


expended


death.


bulk


Bon


Said


appropri


tion


in ForLdea


ham


beoen


expend ed


for


tuotati


saobol


es and


libraries a,


extending


ohool


provldiz


es epart


equip


addition,


for


radios


hare


shops


been


ana


in-









-14-


provided for


ahlLmren.


So na,


Geanal


ESaestion


Board,


whioh


-a


tounad&


1902


helped


* Jomn D.


do sna


RaBc


ehoolis


GLotr.


with


bailLa


grant ed

B at


this


ouipnmat,


Board

and


haa

has


*nabledA


several


Negro


ohre


attend


r sohools


regular


S061ion0s.


Third,


Anna


T..Jesa


rand,


which


coops rates


with


public


school

paying


board

the e


alari e


pe rnten& ntat

s o traveling


1uprovincg


teaoMb~.


rural


There


mohools


Jeans


worker


the


county


Scooper atme


witri


Sith -Leve r


agsat


Saith-Hagho


agwLoultar l


teao


iaprore


t of


rural


oondlti ear.


ou rth,


t he


Joan I.,


Sl after


und ,


wh i h


assist ta


public


schools


and


also


"Coounty


Training Schools,


" in tli tt ia


epotial sing


ians tnalel


vocati al


OOur ea.


on only


have


thelme


outs id4


agenoat e


brought


fund


Leon


County,


but,


dAevlop.ohaa


an inoraaase


interest


*dalation


on the


part


looal


sanoti ae


individ als,


they


bar a


in-


splred


itLeem


mLms


aore


aoney


ao-O


themselves


school


building .


sua ipIn at,


and


scholarships.


ThiL,


turn,


has


brought


about


onl b he


p people


a ulle r


realiati oa


the


autiess


and


privLleges


otti euhip,


created


that


oon-









-1 -


fidmnoe


within


the


group


hioh


ao naoesauy


local


promote


are


oarriel


out


aoe.


fully.


Parthe


ore0


disae


nation,


these


outside


ageoine,


lerge


reP rd ng


ia-


proved


thoAs


tfam.a


and


hom


king


appreciably


ral ad


atsndard


living


the


oo nty,


althou gh,


Oour 80,


there


great


deal


done


along


this


line


than


ely.


been


done


the


past.


Looal


Educator


and


writer


are


opinion


that


looal


ageno ia --ohu rohb e


and


lod e --.o


msde


function


and


carry


more


efficiently


than


they


are


doing


the


proesat


time,


provi ded


they


coope rate


with


State


and


philanthropic


ageaoie 8


training


looal


leaders ip;


pla nin g


aad


exmau t g


oonatruo tte


pro gram;


proylA-


ing


do qua t


mi pe rvi a ao.









-16-

CHAPER II


THE


S~U Z


LOD ES


alghl


that


next


the


ohursh


lodge


moat


instay


the


altural


and


so tal


life


the


rural


ooaamnit y. --Hawt ho m


2z).


lodges


Leon


County,


Flora


are


two


types -the


national


org


isationa,


inol dai 3


the


aona,


lKs,


Odd


fellows,


Knight


Pythiae,


Woo


Union,


United


Amerioan


Ban&;


aM


the


looal


org


isati. m,


including


role tS


Sons and


Daughters


[mrael.


Benevolent


Son s


Daughters


Jaoob,


Pall


Bearers'


Progresaive


Unimn,


Soa and

the Yoang


Daughters

PeopleI'


Israel,


Ohriltian


Aid.


The re


are


eigM


sonia


lodges,


three


* three


Odd


el-.


lows,.


five


Khights


Pythias.


Wood


n of


Union,


thr ee


United


BandA,


nine


Ben ero lent


Saons


and


DaPuaters


Israel,


foar


Benevolant


Sons


Daughter


shter.


Israel,


five


Jacob,


Pall


foaiur


B wearers'


Progressive


Union,


Sons


and


TYong


People'


Christian


Aids.


lodges,


total


b ership,


er of


eting


and attesdana e,


ma well


as the


in re stt


taken


ity


aetivittes


good


-aea during


stiokis


for


deter


_





- - -
- -

-


11 13
12 14


17 19


21 x3


5 27


29 31


35 37?
38 38


40 42


43 4
44


Range


Oragh
Lodge Me
froa 20 t


brsahip


325,


Medi an









e18-


ersahip


of Lolges


Graph


pg*e


give


the


total


lodge


embership


forty-erwe


loages,


altosi


whlah


aho


that


the


range


front


twenty


three


hundred


twenty-


fire,


wLth a


median


fifty-tivf.


als o


ah oe


that


six


lodes


have


be rah ips


ranging


twenty


thirty,


that


twenty-tour


have


berships


ranging


twenty


f fty-five


other


twenty-three


lodges


have


memberah ps


rangngL


iroa


f fty-f Ive


three


hundred d


twat y-f iv e .


largest


membership


found


Pall


Beare re


Union


Lodge


near


Tallahasseeee


Plorida.


For


several


reason.


the


largest


membership


found


local


lodges.


The


looal


lodges


show


a strong


toward


rotal-


rising


intensify ing


syatioal


phere


painting


windows,


looking


door,.


and


keeptiq


away


hall


until


regular r


meeting


daya.


organisation


has


a religioanP


c nnotati on


which


Itself


appeals


rural


legro,


tho


naturally


religious.


Rural


people


are


sre or less


reluctant


about


joining


nati onal


organisationas


beauase


they


fear


exploitation


national


leader s.


denoy






I I I I I I I I I I I I I
I I I I I I I
I I I I I I I I I I I I II I I I












-


-



.. ... .. .........


Graph
Lod.e A
framn 12


No. II
ttondnoe


855,


Iodian


Range










40-


aider


abUolutely


un-Ohris tian


mAn


uabeoo


1 people.


ritualiatlo


fe ature


which h


s8Um


religious


brotherly


love,


ard


pr atiAo


oare.


tally


the


loacwl


Logeae.


The


inittiaton


foee,


lod


LaUd,


and


sp .oi.l taxes


are


very


mall,


as o0


ared


ith


those


national


lo 4paa.,


instaoe,.


to


average


laa3L


lodge


initiate on fe';


*s.oo,


the


monthly


dues


oats8,


eoial


dume rer r


exceed


runs


S00nte,

6.00


tile


&s6.00,


national


ioonthly


lodge


Aus


init;l& sti on


*.oo,


wrna A


LoA&e


taxes


are


w.oo


upward,


apeoial


dues


vary


firoll


$2a.o0


.oo0.


looal


lodg4s


there


are


ourse


no obarflet


support


oenta


a national 1


montt


organisation;


Lues


about


preetdent


oent


other


t.he


offlo.oalua,


while


rai der r


goes


o0 ver


running


expense s ,-f


the


lodge.


Lodge


Attend ao e


Prom


Graph


pgeg


can


*e0n


that


ge of


average


att en danoe


irty-four


most


port arnat


lodges


from


elv


hundre d


fifty-five,


with


adi..


thLrty-


six.


wan ty-o ur


lodgps


have


erth ip


going


thirty-


whi le


that


maiter


ranges


froa tlihLr ty-


six


Iati


fr2me









-al-


average


attendame


larger


local


lodpe


a deaira


on the


part


rural


people


for


sooial


oo taot,.


nt eroha gee


greet ige,


and


di mou 8si on


re ent


happening s


the


i-m


ity.


The


speotal


etaingse.


maoh


as pionica,


danoes8,


annual


18 oarry


largest


attendanoe


loiAge.


Lodge


etinga


Graph III,


pgae


sh ow


that


range


total


ber


Smetings


year


forty-two


lodges


from


twelve


thirty-el p t,


with


a median


twenty-four;


farte r


analyei a


will


show


that


twe ty-one


lodges


ha e


S ramge


frta


twelve


twenty-four


stinag


anally,


iter


bare


a range


iro


twenty-fo ur


thirty-1 it.


The


ELks


Lodge


Tallahaasee


largest


estings


any


lodge,


faot


that


has


from


eift


twenty


special


eetinga


duringg


year.


meetti


kine


re gular


bul nes


meet-


ings.


the


the


ooouring


speoi al


like.


in soPB


lodge


meet L ga,


All


nthly


pionioa,


special


others


tertat


etinga


nan


are


ami -monthly;


annual


pported


fully


all


ibers


lodge


than


any


other


meetings.


dh _1 --


I


L


1_ ....















-I I
-t -e -- -
-._, --- -






-t -










I





m m-r
-- m -


Graph
Lodge


from


III


Meetings
to 30. M


edian


Range




TABLE


Atti tud


Tow


Certain Eduoat ional Ativritin
Lodos COeoperating)


The unaber of lodgas favoring
below are found in olem A..
tivity are found in ooldmn B.


th activities
Th oa engaged


lisatd
in the


Soe


Lodges


Soholarshipe :
enabling dein
able students
to attend higi:
school 8ad :
aofleam t


hall a

center


S a


for
aged


cooperate
in profotl
ing haUlth:
ompaigns:
o wa


Cooperate:
in protot
ing doAtM
tional :
eaopi as:
i


Ceop
in p:
ing
glon
oas"


Bapoa
no..a


eatSd


I8 pMren te


: 4

: 3


l.0.0.o .
Repr 8ented


anga ts


Voodaen of
Union
3 eprlee nta


United Band
Amlrioa
3 Repreented


nt kad




Table


- Oont'd.


uoAotarunip t
mab3lng doairn
able studanta
to attend high:
school aed :


hall

eats
o-i


ooe.:
a as .
U a:
nity:
r :
S


for
od


cooperate
in probc
ing halt:
~arqptnnS


uooperaie
1u prInc* *
in smAi-
ine eduo .(
tional i
*alpaigna t



in p
ing
giou
enm


term f Isrl
9 Regroswatod

Bes m3 an t
te r Jaob
S4 eas Dawm
Mprogs I

um mE Dseqh-
tw, of Irnl
4 Relmrnted


10. Pall


Burn


ent ed


1. Touag Pople t t i : : : : : : :
Christian A : : : : :
B Reprnsente s 8 : 0 : : 0 8 a : *2 8 8
; : S : :t t










e25a


Att itu a


Lodgee


Toward


dBUoational


Ativ ttles


Table


PBae


item


one


shows


strong and weak


taende ano


fo rty-ei


t lodgea


r p re sent ing


eleven


di tfer-


ant


type. a


The


Elksc,.


the


hlightsa


Pythias,


Unit ed


Aaer-


loan


Band,


and


Woodaen


Union


are


eost


progreairve


lodges


from


standpoint


gSring


eoho larsMhp


Student a


attend


high


aohoole


oo lleees;


the


kinder


lodges


are


fai orable


toward


this


actiri ty,


gaged.


This


tendemy


part


four


lodge


toward


atiing


atudenta


eoquire


an oeuOation


had


iLt


beginnLn g


Elks


Lodge


oloee


the


Oan t


Lodge


session


1924


when


Judge


Hueston


wae


grant


an Lnafrrview


tLth


finley


Wile a,


Grand


Exalted


Baler.


The


o ll owng


article


public


the


Ohicago


Dot


A uet t


1929,


will


give


idea


reati on


and


funotiona


enaoational


doper


the


oonolasl on


granted an interri
Wilaon, and the la
a proposal progr a
an indautrial depa
their object liber
exalted ruler and
kind of a pgr rm
the 1916 SeOaion 1
partmnfl, whioh I
funottioing, as ia
the grand exalted
ae am d- e


Swhl
w hac


rta
ty,
hi


and

did
we
rul


i


f the
th our
cry LI
h inol
A and
mployu
qeal a
t was


1924 e
grand
nooln J
uaed an
other a


ent
dvi


elation eat
L, and it wa

ar proposed


ma
ex
oh
*
St


, and ,
sear -
eed th
abliah
* appr
In par
and t


ion I sought and was
halted ruler, J. ianle
nSoo, wherein I outll
aoa ti oal dpa rtment
Ivlties a ioh had for
enlightenant. Our g
Sr enthusiat io ftr t
at I ahould prepare
in the *odoastaal
eveA and sinoe has be
ma,.oe of this polioy
he grand lodge adopted


y
ned

ran
his
or
e-


d


d


tha


A d









-8f-


first year
three year
the board
haa oo duo
third is n
AtlantLo C

amay of wh


have bee
The good
mated.
rights w
"We n


olas
ol oa
have
have
when
can
elsa


gr
Sas
hat
bee
our


not b
se ha


Cn


was


* w
of
ted

nts
ao
OB


hel


aooo0
If oo


used


Sbhave be
*daeation
two annu
in @ourse
* August
sta dling
have part
A in 40 a
mplna, h
atinmad.


ill be

a duati o
the erai
, howoT
n tried


order


buen


au red
grad


dine

ill

tar

a th


settixn


has

of
26.
the
ioip
tate
by t
I *
d, a
olas
be tl

tola
fun
an g


opera
grnats
tional


he
ae
th
d,
ra


t

c


'erati on
oa have,
anatitu
od in o
under r
e oo nt
that o
that i
a in oo
alass
a, Willi
* three
but a


nts.
few


117
rato
San
how
tion
Or o
egio


1
0


years


epartae
During
rnea c
rioal
will b
ever. a


of
rato
nal
oan


ta *
that


ow, for
period


soholarshi pas;


contests
e aooel


a Un
mal
d sat
,ot b


r guaranteed
the object
lega. Our f
f 195). Our
enter Ln Sep


1
i]


ral
it ed
oont
ate ,


f th
rat
four


t


; the
uiaa in
thouanad
States,
eats which
d iretors.
er-esti-
titutiolal
* contests.
regular
th *lass.


her.


years seven graduate who
Shad advanced standi g
a real merit of our effort


after


our


first


regular


The


the


bill


Slks


for


the


Lodge


establishing


the


State


the


f ori da


*daoatioa


was


dope rtaant


intr oduoed


Cole


James


upy,'


Jo s


daring


State


Oat-


mention


1926


Dayto na,


lori da.


This


bill


was


passed


and


three


aponeo ra


were


plos*d


charge


depart


Since


the


inception


thia


depart


three


scholarships


have


been


awarded


florit


studantas,


rapresen ting


total


expeadi-


tare


$600.00


and


a trip


and


expa aes


BRgional


Contest.


The


rules


the


o nteast


are


as allows:


Thea


atudea t


overt


nineteen


years


age.


the


atud


not


lower


than


tenth


grade.


'a .a...I a..L aI -- a -


4


t


until a
ated!


1









.aT-


oLtiat


t be


original.


Sttauet


t ohoo


a Florida


o llege.


atuda t


n out


ovier


other


ooa testantu


several


dietricte.


Any


eligible


whether


his


oonneoteA


with


order


or not.


e*ucational


depart rt


Knights


Pythias


wes


pe rooted


duri lg


grad


lodge


seasd on


Tallahaseoe,


Florida,


1927,


troduaoed


then

the


bill.


Five


Oolyer,


student


Grand

have b


Worthy


*em


Ooanuell er,


awarded


in-


scholarships


repr senting


a total


expenit ture


O*500.00


Soe a


idea


as to


reo uireanta


soholarahip


Oan


bad


from


the


fo low -


ina


mles


. The


student


t be


Ju aile


depart


studeo It


The


m7


ooant eat


choose


open


I *ub jot


girls


desires.


or boys.


The


oonteats


material


pr een td


original.


aoho laras p


shall


oo0.oo0


ore.


Wood


Webb,


n of


a graduate


Union


sotolarship


hasksre.


o LI


up onaored


oo Haf l


. John


bua neoa


Hot


SpriaL ,


Arkam a8.


preset~


this


moholaraohp


not


avail able


Floridt


stu d


* rules


for


thia


oonteat


todent









4*B-


begin nig


p reoa


other


states.


fi rst


Wooden


Union


Lo4ge


nloria


was


established


in 1928.


United


above


mati Oned


Bad

and


Am rloa


unfortunate


11 that

that


than

It a


bership


lodpa
eo es


Inol de


a large


m ber r


e e&ateda


people ;


carrying


a in


a mfall


way


thr oagh


it.


sohool


Gritfia.


Oeorgia.


Stu dentu


are


as leota


ment


this


aohool


rep r ent at irem


lodge;


part


their


expan s a


are


paid.


ail


the,


are


load


wor k


for


4ader


their


expaea e


mile


attand


school.


tion


Un cited


other


Aimerican


lodge


Band


been


h older


established


organl fa-


Lea


County


a na


arae.


anay1a7


it-a


two


table


pa g


shaow


that


the


Masom,


nih.,


Brev olent


Soeu


auagM ere


Israel


are


utag


thetr


hall


centers.


d ter


lod ee


expreaa


far orable


oplatona


this


activity,


aho ld


grow


Lnto


thia


type


of work


proper


leadership


develop ed.


Itea.


allow,


erio


2


three


It

he

lan


ear
X. <


have


Table

sean

P., tl

Ama


pagC


that


hb

to


Wood e.t

r thLir


os0oems


ea U o
ft Unio


aper


Lkt.,


is
beam.


the

The


Sfor

the


aged

Oda


United


Inder


Tor,


al-


than









39-


the


set-up


these


rga atsati o


wn oh


proviTAe


aid


for


dis-


sbled


and


aged


smber,


also


foresighted


leaderehip


that


has


lervei


taxts


the


const rueti on


those


ikntituti ons.


Its-


four,


fable


pape


sho we


that


almost


lodpas


aere


health


This


anusaualy


large


participation f an


attributed


a large


-au.re


authority


veated


lodge


officials


aenoumo


from


their


stati Os


these


s>aiSn


and


urge


hearty


mooperati on


on the


part


era.


This


reapoa


mabem


enh


oed


the


fact


that


any


recast


fro


exalted


ruler


oona idered


as a o0


Item


five


Table


pae


aaow


that


lodges


except


Mae as


ad


Odd


Fellwsa


cooperated


t in


pr eating


duo at i al


rallies


. The


rallies


usually


originate


sohoole


or ohuroh e


d spread


lodges.


These


funds


are


expended


or are


tu med


for m

over


tohi n


BOlB


outside

school


aid

for


peru


as the


Roaen

[Droe


1A


rPand,


ate.


This


interest


eduoatt anal


rallies


gives


bamO


idea


the


awaktni g


thee


or gar isat on a


por tane


eduoes-


tion


for


youth.


siX.


fable


pego


gir es


opinions


part ot-


pat ion


lodges


ralig ou


o npl ign .


All


the


lodges


are


re or


less


oo t rib t in


the


r eigias


aotivit ie


*n g Ad


pai pa.


rant










40e


Attitude


Lodges


Toward


Ooop rative


Enterprises


A oomparlson


trang


and


weak


tendenore m


lodges


o neeti on


with


oo operative


enterpri es


Oan


bad


iro


fable


II.


Pe .


whilh


a bhoM


that


nights


Pythias


Wood


Union head


list;


meO'


Elks


be-


ginnigr


part iopate


this


sotli 7ty.


inder


lodges


favor


but


not


engaged.


Oooperation


bua ness


an


field


for


lodges,


whioh


pest


have


bee


ooneerneA


with


a ooiologloal


than


with


a00 o


o pro ble


0 Their


satitities


along


this


in


have


bnan,


Sad


still


greatly


haMai sappe d


because


laok


trained


leaderahip.


above


fats


pra.


taed


tables


II,


1.,


follow t


o aaol usi ons


arawn:


logese


that


are


engaged


o cooperative


eat erpri eaa


are


or l0os


with a oS


knowledge


ooopaa -


tire en


O.


4.


te pri e .


These
thee



thel


1oae 3


nterprisea


odtg


national.


prea t


looal


oo p.


ran


ooeinaed


oharater


town s


pomNs


lead-


- -A-- -- -


Pae


1.


I


-- A










-31-

TABI.


AttitndA


rd Certain
(42 Lodges


Cooper ativb
Cooperation )


En trpri ee


below
ity


he number of
* are found
are fomud in


Lodges
in oo lu
oolunI


favoring the
in A. Those
B.


sotivi ty
engaged in


listed
the aoti-


:uooperasve enierpnr e zoa maoDers or te
:lodge sobh as a store, iwrestinate in mate
:seeurlt and baing aend selling oi farm
:eouainmt and nrodnota.


SRon reanteL
Z ~ BBer a int4


U.


i :_ 2


a :


28


Union
X B.D


of
3
5 .


Sonu
toe
92M


Sona
term
4 B


wrie


wo se'
and T-
of Isael


evoL
and
of
DrTs


rogresaLve
sone ana h-
tre of Lsael
4 Ene rmata


Union


n res:


U a i -


__1


I I I


__ __


__ __










-8s-


should


directed


riAt


channel.


national


organic satil on


are


engaged


eduoatio al


aotivi ties


providing


hoes


aid


disabled


embers.


Attitude


Lodges
of t


Toward


he


Lodge


Coastruction
Hall


and


Table


III,


poe.


gives


the


reaction


forty-two


lodges


oons track ti n


lodge


hall


and


u8e.


Itera


On0


shows


that


while


the


iiflht


Pythias,


the


Ellt,


Wood


their


n of


halls


Union,


with


the


Story,


united


Amr ioan Band


ainder


shroud


lodges


o0m -


what


divii ed


on thi.


question.


This


tialee


phero


tha t


ur round


legro


lodges


ohurohem


draw


jority


the


raral


people


This


partiLular


feature


erial lised


in a


large


meuare


local


lodges;


on the


other


hand


national


lodges


are


getting


awq


from


this


practice;


the


paint


being


removed


from


wi ndows,


curtains


being


thrown


baok,


doors


stand


ajar.


other r


paraphernalia have


been


discarded.


more


tagible


ooantruo tir


rehens ve


program


aeoh


appeal


soholarahips,


being


oooper ativ


through
e enter-


priaees


life


inauranoe,


hospitalisatian,


em rgenoy


funds,


re creation.


flr


toward


"goa t"




TABIX


Atti tde


Towa trdhe Oonstruetlon
( 42 Leoda Coopes


and
14irg)


Use


Hall


The muber tisoP
la1 bolev are fotnd
"no" are found in elu


in aolm


A.


to the quetions
Those answering


bea
with :
tery?


L xa
L u.^^B^^^^^B


mha
San


thr


hall?


ootain
apeo for"
offi ,
eto.?


yaur
hall

tain
offl-i
oea?


lodge
uaed t
bring
a oom
darsta
among
huaroeh
ber?


be
o
about
a r-in
all


Nona
8 Bepreeentd


5 Repnsentd


K. of P.
5 Bpreented


Woodna of
Union
2 Repren~kd


Uni ed Band
America
3 Represented


aol
bu~


WOt




Table


III,


Cont'd.


amoula tSe
lodge hall
be shrouded
with
w'uterro


anou.a per-
sons other
tan
iuse th
hall?


LnouUM 1it
contain
spaoe for
offices,
o te..


your
hall

taia
offi-
0881


can Cme
lodge be
used to
bring about
a ooan un-
derstanAing


VBP9 WW


Benerolent 80oas:
and Danghters oft
Israel. s
9 Repreented a


Benevoleat S
and Daughters
Jaeob.
4 Represented


S I : :
0 0 3


ons:
oft
I
a


9. Progress ive
ons and Daugh-
nrs of Israel
4 Represented

10. Pall Beaersr
Union
5 Represented


:
S


11. You People' : : : : : : :
Christ an Aid : : : : : :
2 Represented :1 : 1 : 2 0 : : 0 0 2: : 0 : 1
0 9 :


lot

sol
bul









4-M


reoasved


a favorable


response


from a


Progressive


Sons


aad


Daughters


sleratel,


the


aoung


Peoples'


Ohristian Ald.


eni


the


United


American


idea.


Goda


Band ;


other


plea


those


voted


voting


almost


so id


against


against


other


per s one


usirg


thair


lodge


hall


are


onatrated


following


loges


three


uaitie s


where


theq


have


ndep nd ent


lodge


hall


very


lose


together


the


Pall


Bearero'


Union,


Benevoleat


Sons


Dau hters


Israel,


Pro gresiv


Sona


Daught ers


Israel.


so-0


unities


lodge


ball


serreb


several


lodges.


This


practice


should


adopt ed


all


ities


as to


sash


a large


invest


buildIngs


which


are


uaed


a an average


only


fifteen


per


year.


Another


angle


inter est


that


several


per eon


sBme


atty


belong


the a


lodges.


haer


o at rW b ted


fians ally


the


oon t rution


eaoh


hall,


and


oo ntinu -


ing


contrib te


its


intenanoe


and


upkeep .


This


sets


a serious


eoono


burden


well


as an over-


deaand


fr


looal


Aerahip.


wrter


ao quainted


with


several


o are


officers


eaoh


lodge;


this


illustrates


laok


local


leadership


and


almo


ind states


that


a given


leader


do a


not


get


the


offi oe


lodge


oan


anot her;


then


ratified


with


statue


quo,


me









4' a


offshoot


Beareolent


8OBs


and


Dw]nht rn


Jaoob,


bhi oh


turn


an offspring


Bwnvolaent


SOa


and


Da ghtera


Isra1l,


the


olAet


lodge


the


ouonty.


All


Boarers'


Union


re


divided


into


group


the


appear-


ane


a new


undertabr


tallahaseeo,


FlorLda,


ori g al


order


inning oaneoted


with


old


undertake r


while


offshoot


allied


itself


with


new


0e..


Prom the


abaoe


faots


foliotna


oonol


ione


may


ramwn


the re


a over-lapp


progr


and


a LuplLoati


effor ts .


bham


a duplication


fees,


taxation,


and


waste


nmy


the


o0a0 trun tl on


lodge


halLa.


There


leadership.


over -or0


ised


itl o.


are


apt


neglect


i t.l


aotlvi ties.


It-


Table


I",


pg.e


show


that


oent


lodge


stud led


voted


"ye. "


with


regard


office


mpaoe.


auditor


datia n


t which


voted


for


aga n t


other


this


business


etivLity


terprl es.


found


the


Knight


Pyth ias


lodge.


very


high


interest


this


activity


not


expressed


fatual


praoti ee


exo pt


lod


amall


towns.


has


laok


thra









4-T


It..


fo ur


fable


I".


pa. ga S,


haows


that


four


the


Masstio


lode08,


anA


ahob


, Knights


Pythisa,


Woodman


Union,


have


ofii e


poa,


dationa


for


other


tim nos


enterpri a


tbletrl


balls.


The


queati on


we8


aabLi


Lodge


oculd


uas~


bring


abo at


a o0


on intere t


and


undi erta


ang all


ohuroh


people .


anUwer


this


qpe:p boand


ool


five


Table


III.


pes*


shboe


that


100


14Bt


voted


"ye"


. t


very


high


int rest


carries


orer


into mveryay


the rtby


ing


peace


8ood


will


ozf tbw cos


tnity


people.


Sineo


ganisati a,


love,


lodge


based


regardless


a very


on the


oreed


pol itan


p rii ll-IUs a


or oirsal


and


Ae ooratel


Chriatiaity


tanses,


any


asd


or-


brotherly


assuring


the


require


land


man,


beoom


oInr


profeasi mal


amber,


t ealmt


n and


a situation


re O


borer


whio h


buainesa


tolerant


the


a more


viewpoint


tourda


saoh


other.


six


western


a o00


nali.tL o0*


the


lodges


not


only


tribute Ad


26,000


amual


soo al om0n0AtetS,


were


bringing


had a


ido.o


better


mootal


relatit on


with


their


neighbor as.


this


lKral


lodge


contributed


eve rage


16.9


per


oeat


moeUil


*ontaotsr


, T.7


praerrv-


Oe


eooo


lik,


OeO-









48-


33.9


per


oent


profeast onal


ma,


and


per


aent


laborers.


Itea


six


Table


II,.


paeg


shows


that


lodge


are


per


oent


favor


the


use


lodge


hall


as a school


bail ding,


especially


oaBe


emergenoy,


suoh


as destrauo-


tion


the


buildia


fire,


or delay


ereotion


school


house


whioh


there


diate


need


District.


lodge


hall


usually


a better


building


a aohool


than


does


the


ohuach;


first


place


ler, ,


the


o1


wall


as hkih,


oftenti


the


hall


better


reptir,


and heat


and


aentilati on


can


with


loes


effort


expen se.


This


anot her


ah ob


how


lodges


cooperate


ith


school s.


Attitude


Lodges


Toward


eoreat ional


Aot ititiea


Item


one


Tab le


pa.e


gives


an analysiea


attitude


thirty-or


lodges


toward


playing


tennis ;


thirty-ase


are


fair,


Ona


against ,


but


only


three


are


engaged.


Itea


o of


Tab le


p~aS


a that


forty, or


96.2


oent,


the


lodgs


favor


football,


one0


only,


oent,


this


form


athletic o.


three


Table


posge


showa


that


pio nio a


are


Tvery


h favored


lodges.


also


find


that


all


- -


lodiee.


Odd


fellowse


and the


Woodman


w -


Union


ezoont


p M


-- v


__




TABLE IV

Attitude Toward Certain Recreational Aotivities
(42 Lodges Cooperating)

The number of Lodges favoring the activities listed below are found in
column A. Those engaged in the activities are found in column B.

t Tnmis: Foot- Pioids: Band Quars Dawes: Con- BatWr ol-: w: Base-
: ball : : :ttem ats :ing :ley :ket :ball
3 r : : I:alat s ball :b
St : : : : : : : : : : :

. O : : : : : : : : : : : :: : : : : : : :
8 Represented 5: 1 :5 : : 6 : : : 1: 4: 2: 2: 4: 2: : 0: 5:1: 51: 5: 1
: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : :
5 Represented : 2 1 :0 2 3 2: 0: : 2 2 1: 1: 10: 2:0 1:0: 0
P:
5 Represented : 0 :3 :0 : 3 : : 0: 3: 1: : : : : l : 5: : O0: 3:0: 3: 0

4. Ke of P : I

80 WoodAen of
Union


SUnited Band : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : :
of : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : :
3 Represented : 0 :0 :0 : 3 : 0 : 0: 0: 0: 0 : 0: 0: 0: 0: 0: 0:0: 0:0: 0: 0

. Benevolent: : : : : : : : : : :
Sons and Daugh- : : : : : : : : : : : :
ter of Israel : : : : : : : : : : : : : : :
9 Represented : 4: 0 :50 : 9 : 9 : 6: 0: 6: 0: 5 : 0: 8: 0 7: 0: 5:0: 5:0: 5: 0





Table IV


- Cont'd.


xball

I l


1I 3uar



< t


Icon- :Bfl
:oarts ting

* :
ft a 0 2


* 1


:yo01- :Ba-e

Isbal :ball


---a-


* Moldat : t : :
ta of *, : 6

4 Rprnatod 4s 0: 4:t 0: 4: 4
9 Pg:n t !:
t r 4


9 Progrw ive :
Seons at -a.
terms of Isralt
4 Reprsentd : 4
Dali aan~a


1 I :
I t :
: 1 t
O4 4:4:
* 9
4 0 2


10. Pall Bnar : as :
Union I : :
5 Rqpresatd 3 5 :s 0: : 0:


t
It
a
4: 0


5: 6 : 5: 0:
: : :


11. Tn P6 P e: : t ;
ChritanAiA : : : :
t Bepreent4d 4 O: 4 O: O: 0
S t :: i : I


: : -~ ---


: : I
2: 0: 0


! I ; : r t t
6: 0: 5: O: : 0: 5t:
: t : : t


2: 0: 0


*: O :

0: 0: 0:0 o


I __ I


Ia l


II ______~ ~L


__


_~__


I_ __


a


01
a

3
O:
I





:




i


a


n~~ I- n I -- -- l i | i -- E Li


*


*











xiliaris


man 00co


together


:6 the


ooo a ion a


big


suooema.


Sour.


Table


PgB5


mow m


that


thirty*-tr ee,


or 95

four,


per


cent


or 4.9


per


the

oent,


lodges

have


are


batd.


favor


This


banda,


strong


but


only
toward


bands


exprease


a desire


daring


rituallatio


ax-


erol


this


funds


adaire


p urohaang


band


paralleled


instri


eoSaWary


t.


Item


fi t


Table


page


indioates


that


their ty -seen.


or 80 4


per


oant,


lodge.


have


vooal


rather


than


bands,


due,


ain.


the


expeas S


oonneoted


with


equipping


ab


Item


Table


page


aows


that


Knights


Pythias.


Odd


Pellos,


Blk.,


and


moonb


engage


dancing.


The


lodges


that


are


participating


this


activity


found


otty


Talls ahaasse,


lor ida,


eore


agai nat


dan -


very


strong.


re attention should


giv en


this


form


recreation,


beosae


healthful


feature a,


espeo-


tally

forms


the


Juvenile


phyteial


organ isati a


edaoatton


oould


h re


folk


sappi


danoa


ordinary


other

dance.


mare,


Table


a 39,


show


that


while


thirty


six.

oly


or 8T
cr8o,


per 1oat,
or 15 per


lodges


seat,


have


are


faro


oonoerta.


r of

Again


oOe nrtad
we find









.4B a


e igtt,


Table


pae


Shows


that


osnt


lodge


are


faror


bathing


parties,


none


voted


again at


only


one


lodge


enagaes


this


activity.


This


very


high


interest


this


activity


0an


attributed


fact


that


there


are


lama


the


o county


where


bath L


parties


can


had.


Item


nine


Tab le


show


that


twenty-eight


forty


-two


lodges


aere


favor


To 11 ball,


only


two


lodges,


whioh


are


fo und


the


.acs


lk.s,


engage


this


sotivity.


Item


Table


pge


sh ow


that


thirty-fo ur


lodgea


are


favo r


basketball,


only


the


thirty-tfour


votiQg


gages


this


pport.


Item


eleven


of Table


pSes


shows


that


thirty-four


lod ges


are


favor


baseball,


but


only


eaSages


this


nativity.


p as









-4.


OHAPTBE


TH


STUDY


CWEBHES


Chaurh


erahip


Oraph IV,


page


shows


that


range


church


bership


from thirty


four


had red,


with


tan


*t htl*.'


also


ber hi p


shoQw


rangi n


that


from


twenty-one


thirty


the ohurohes




hare


Ba a


inder


haTe


a mas erd hip


ranging


from


eighty


four


hundred.


The


ohurohae a


wit h


largest


enroll


are


found d


and


around


Tallahasei. t,


Bethel


Bapti at


Char ch


the


Bethel


have


largest


,abe rehips,


with


576


and


400


repee ti rely.


ChOroh


Attenanaee


Graph


. pga


giv e


range


'dian


average


attendame


for ty-to


ohurohes


per


year,


an a mljai


whiot a


sho s


that


th


rang.


fr


ten


on.


hundred


ninety


with


aediam


forty-si z.


average


attendance


tweaty-one


ahurohes


rages


from


forty-41x,


while


r emaindez


ranges


fro


ftrtye


attendance


a ix to

found


one


the


hundred


ni ty.


churobhe


largest


the


ate.


oity


?allahaagee


oere


the churh ee


hare


larger


ibe rahi p a


and


)r e of te.






- ---- ..-.-,- -y -t--i-i t \-t 1 rf1 II I II


-f-


---.-


I


-


4-4-4


-s --iI--i


Oraph
Church A


from


ttendanee
o 190, Me


Range


dian


I 1 i j i i --- ---- r


-


C *


.--I


-i--,







TI ,.-..-




4II I
------- ---

I I
i I



IhI




- -




/ ,-








1 0 4 4 _- S


Graph
Church


from


No. VI
Meetings
S8, Median


Range









e42.


Charoh


*etins


Graph


page


a that


fiber


weekly


ings


forty


-two


ohurehea


ranges


fro a


three


eight,


with


dian


or four


three


metal ngs


plu,


twenty-ose


per week


churches


inter


fro


havitL


four


three


eight


etiangs.


The


aSti ngrs


oompo


d of


Sunday


mna g,


Sund ay


even-


ing,


weekly,


d apcoial


tigs.


speelal


and


Sun ay


eveniIg


etinga


bhare


largest


attenAance


faot


that


oial


oooaa lon


church


carry


a strong


appeal


for


aterase


4 the


Suwnay


even Lag


neetlags


aore


largely


attended


the


young


people


the


day


atnsge


are.


Attitude


Charohea


Toward


Aotivitiea


Edaoational


question


was


asked,


should


churches


oombine


their


efforts


the


promotion


oortai n edacationral


aot ivitiem


unity?


analyst a


forty


-two


responaea


this


qua e-


tion


ahown


Table


paBe


this


table


gives


present


tendency


ohuarhea


toward


health


,paigne .


will


seen


that


thirty


ifaor


aignl.


three


again t,


aina


are


enaared


health


Spaigna.


Some


idea


as to


kint









-48-

TABLE.


Attltute


Ta!wrd


Olrteain


Oharohee


odu oti onal


Cooper at ing)


ottvittee a


* *
* a


Tea : Io :in


:oent


:oentl:


esr osent
Engage~


,, ; _: t:Ao Tl ty:Te8 : lo :__ ,,


Health


paig


X71.4


21.5


EAuoat ional
Ralli ea


Oauroh


Ball e


76.1 2


76.6


4. 7


4.8


19.2


19.7


Church


munty


as a


Center








-49-


Daily


he4ule,.


Day


Ready R feronee Health
Health Sere e)


Health


Day


Week


tatin


Publio


Day


Health *eraof ads
leo ta by Sl arst
dootoes, aa4 other :
qualified pe onbr .
Urge the carrying oat
of the Health Week
prore.. Oive xrfer-:
ones to health in- i
formation and urg :
oooperatio with or-:
ganiatd agencies. X 4
phasjiz mother and ow
fant welfare work to:
reduce high infeat
mwrtasity. i
a0


Personal and HoBm:
Hygi ne tas by
to1r, Visiting a
moolel worknr, antA:
other qualified pe .
sons. SOelal ft3i s
eduoationa a vn-e
N AL dLseame oO- :
trol merur showed:
be eonsidert i:
ipeial amet ingas
Health filml, lda :
ad exhibits shoulAt
be usod end deoa- :
stratlon given :
whrrer feeble. :
a


Destroy the bd-
ing plne of flie
antd osquitooe.
Talks on the and
of disease by in-
saeota and rats, and
mthods of destroy
ins bratdinmg P9*0
All hes, arkrts,
bakarit, and food
attabllashmanta
ohoald b sarened
Sai nst flis. Co-
operation with lo-
eel health depart-
ents should be


Health pro apa,
stories of odern
health ,ruaads, pa
radio, ote. School
building ad prem-
iees should be pt i
sanitary condition
and program weal
in school 1bul Amn
parents to bW Srit.
b~aai. in fant -n
ohild welfan ea
and oentkra. nl pi


e


Health eai na- :e
tioms. explain that:
organic diseases- :
hort, kidaoy, *to
are ohief oause oft
Alsability and Oatk
that tuberoulosis :
ad easr arM an
ha is (1) Msrlu
ir; (8) Blflt dtbt;
(8) oood oher; (4):
Proper living (5)


Ama h


ation


This day should
be devoted to th
foousing of publio
opinion on spoial1
oo-m ity health


problems
Ohurohe
reoaive u
tention, i
are often
fa toir,
their own
aend their


* should
peoial at-
as they
as to both


influace


_~ I -I -- YL ~ I Y L :-.i .~~- ---L_ -L- -


1


v--










*60e


Satfrtay, April : Suday. April 6

u al' : Bport and
Ole an-Up DP 1follow-Up Day


Coapl
home.,

MSould
pf the
carried
oeding
it tee
unity
iag tay
&ay to


ete all o

Spoial a
be givon
olem-up
out arl
days Su
should or
pro gra o
and dirn
final rea


leading of
* and prea-
ttentLon
to my pert
program not
ng thi pre-
pe rrisory a


ie


nt tbs


oo00


n the praoedA
ot last work-
ults.


o00s
thro
other
salt
prog

aeku

shou
r sun


ae ooI
ittaa
agh i
r per
a of
ram a
ary o
lati


Coa0l
orga
d be


nity


she
to s
Son,
the
nd a
f re
onal


I
|


I
\


uld
eore
reop
Heal
end
port
Net


ttee,
nisatLi
started


follow -up.


supe rvis ng


pro
tar
ort
th
oop
to
ro
nd
0B.


for


re-


8pap-
th
or-
ana


year-


Item


fable


pa


48,.


giTves


present


tend e my


the


church a


towrd


*dAcational


rallies.


will


seen


that


thirty-two


are


favor


this


sotivity,


two


ara


far o,


eighteen


thirty-two


actually


participate


*ahoati


1 ralle s.


educat imal


rallies


are


kida:


Loal.,


which


are


oarri e


on at


my


time


the


unity


38es


aid


looal


moay


mohool


or agency.


raised


for


Annual


support


state


gT en


rallies,


churo h


which


school.


Mah


church


pledge


as so naoh


oney


and


held


remponsi-


this


mount.


l
1
1


d
M










-41.


These


rallies


ar(e


carried


on periodieally


all


ohurohea


for


porpPse


ent


proem ant


for


State


and


hati onal


OoCa


tion


dtea.


SosUti


a tb


ohurohes


ootbiner


their


effort a


tnt erehange


vi it8


on general


rally


days


purpose


local


oharaoter.


Thee.


v isits


ten a


Aestroy


unity


linus


d olearage


caused


Leao


inati aall


The


qmeatlonu


was


asked


the ohuoroh


should


used


as a


unity


ter.


Item


four


table


pge


48.


nti on ad


above,


gire.


following


faots


regarding


resoti on


the


forty-two


ohurohe


event en


are


opinion


that


churoh


should


uAed


as a o aal


Center,


fifteen


are


agasiat


are


egageSA


auig


oharoh


aa a oo


ity


Center.


The


nity


oant er


Leae


wa Loh


haa


fo r


its


purpo se


reereati


, education,


and


soo iali nation


its


abere,


aa-


peoially


young


people,


general


interpreted


rural


Shaurch


people


anything


that


teads


supple


the


religious


esorednoaa


the


ohuroh


repulsive.


Thia


y problem


that


confront a


the


mn"


rural


leader,


epeolially


the


teacher


ooeat ional


qgri o culture


who


u8e


sharoh


am s


thro ugh


reaoh


people.


Attitude


Ohuarhea


Toward


Leadership


Training


the


cne










-52-

TABLE ~


A~tit aud


Toward
(42


the Training of Rural
Ohuroh e Cooperating)


Leaaereh ip


Ye


ZngageA
in the
AtLtyt


Should the ohuroh
assist in the train-
ing of rural leader-
ship


Per
oenat
Yes


70.S


Per
oeat




4.7


Per osnt
KgagedA


Should
follow
of boy.
that go


the obaroh
u p the lives
and girl
to the cityT?


82.5


12.5


_ _______ _~__*__ ____










45-


and


ty-tWO,


oaIt,


are


eagapd


the


training


ranl


leaders.


foll going


list


aotivitlee,


eaubitted


ohaurohes


will


gr v


some


idea


rvari ou


progr


fostered


training


leader ahip:


Toung


people


allied


nage


operate


thi r


own


organt iti on.


IYong


people


pointed


serve


trarious


ittees.


Young


people


are


allowed


hold


office


ohuroh.


Pro miing


young


people


are


gr en ftil ial


aid


at-


tend


high


school


college.


A pod


this


found


a young


n ho


now


gearal


aanager


Roland


Haye.,


far


Ourryvtlle


Georgia.


The


ohuroha


Singing


support


sehoolaL


several


held


sohoole.


purpose


trtlning


young


people.


the


soo ia l


oanter


idea


fostered


in oome


hurohles.


Speotal


lectures


are


psrt


regular


ohuroh


pro-


Tabla


pege


shOa


that


thi rty-three,


82.6


pr


, of


ohuroh oe


bel ieve


they


follow


lives


boys


girls


tat


oity;


five,


per


the


"Ange


shoulA


that


w


w









e54-


TABaI;


AttitL.e fe-ard
ilaistefr


Oertain Coadltlas Influno ing t b
(41 Church Offioiala Cooperati g)


Rural


Tea


in the
Aotlvit


Per
cent
Tea


Per
oent
No


Per cent
Enape~d


Shouldt.4
aental .


the o huroh
he minister
11y in at-


82.9


2.4


14.7


Sho bd thi obaroh

pastor ??


7S.7


26..


"" i L JL '""""









656-


Table


TII,


peg


O9.,


reaoti


forty-one


oaeroh


off totals


toward


the


beat oal


ata


pro -


fesetonal


improve, at


the


rural


sister.


oan


seen


that


thirty-four


re la


favor


giving


for


Improve


agai


actually


egapt


in aiding


their


past ors a


improve


elves


attend ia


school.


The


eall


for trained


pastors


growing


leaps


and


bonaAs.


espeotally


. .


Ohurch,


whioh


requires


all


its


pas


sonmille,


tors to

Plortia,


attend


for


five


Edward

wee'ks


Waters


College,


This


Jaok-


strong


tenado y


on the


part


the


Church


eduoate


pastors


train


le aders


Oan


attributed,


the


main


the


develop


eaartaia


church


prinoples


whi oh


pro-


vida


that


an edaoated


bishop


h ad


all


ohurohes


dio-


tate


policies


the


ohuro he


Interest


this


feature


eased


ong


by the


other


faot


daen


that


they


tions,


the


are


Baptist


for


less


exaP le,


ooratie


inamt


tuti oa,


with free


range


plan


aexsate


their


own


poliolee,


ith no


central


press


Agrioultaral


During the


weeak


there


and

and


free


gaute


five


hantoal


the


sisters


College,


p adding Sunaays


with


atteandng


oharoh.


mohool


tallahass. .


tS ir


Florid ,


reapeetive


me


mobh


laek


desti ny










*4'-


College


abore


anti onhed.


Aoaordlt


a stat


the


heeA


bt


lastitation


this


request


granted


the


near


feature.


Attitude


of Ohurohee
flu neing t


Touwrd


Condt tansu


Lster


In-


It'e


two


Table


II.


page


ahows


tlon


forty-ane


ohurah


of foi alas


toward


a resident


and


a UIn.-reSi-


dent


peitor.


will


seaB


froa


tkb


table


that


thirty-one


are


in favor


a resident


pastor ,


not


aga nst,


and


thir-


teen


habve


rsid ant


pastoral.


rural


people


beginning


real se


that


sister


able


spend


only


day


MV a


the oo


able


anity


touoh


t~e


lives


the


people


and


o o ntriute


very


general


improvement


the


t y.


How ee r.


this


urge


haa


paralleled


adequate


salaries


living


coandit ons


whi oh


are


essential


for


a reelaent


pastor.


Until


these


conditions


t by


rural


tite,


rural


pastor


ill1


o ontLnue


hae


charge


three


or teur


ohurohes


spend


Jority


h le


time


central


urban


ity.


Attitude


Chazohes


toward


Aotiv tt.e


Recreational


one,


Table


TI,.


page


shows


that


thirty-three,


or 78.5 per


eant,


ohuroh a


are


In favor


pionlos,


five.


-- w










-67-


nABLE


VIII


Attitude Toward O0oc


ala


(42 OCauh ene


Beoreant onal
Cooperating)


Aotititie 68


: .li.. : 1o


aingage
in the


:oea :o


Aotrvity :YTe


t:Per oent


Engaged


Pionlos


5 : 6


78.6:10.5


11.


2. Band


or Oroheatra


78.9:18.4


2.7


Quartette
Glee Club


6.2


18.8


Oonoerto


86.4


Claba


92.7


6.5


6. aBthit


beaohes


67.8:59.4


2.8


Athletios


66.?7


28.9


6.4


8. Literary
moi otlet


84.2


6.2


10.6


Leotures


:90.


2.1


7.9


- ,__ ,* _~ mmnn


_ ,-- nn I m -m l I --


_ ___ __ ly~ __ _L __


5 a









-L8-


It.


two,


fabl.


VIll.


peg.


shows


thirty,


78.9


sent


ohurohes


are


favor


oroh etras


and


bands,


Snt


or 18.4


per


cent


are


against,


and


on.,


or 2


per


sent,


earryl ze


on thiL


aetirity.


Thi very


high


Int re t


nitested


bands


and


orohestra8s


aoo mounted


for


part


aa a desire


for


all


beriloes


whLe h


irnolve


sing-


ing


and


sl.e,


high


prlee


instra


seat


bands


prevents


e ur ohes


fro


participating


more1


freely


this


activity.


three.


fable


VII.


pae


adi oates


that


thirty-two


ohurohe,


t y-o ur,


per


ost, expressed


orable


attitte


gloe


eluab


aaa


totes,.


two


opposed,


and


mix


have


these


organisati ons


al ready.


fear, .


Table


VLI,


page


shows


that


thirty -seren


ehurnhes,


thLrty-two,


86.4


per


Oent.


express e


rar oabl e


attitudes


toward


oonmerta,


li1e


one,


2.6


oent,


oppoaed


only


four


are


taking


an aatlive


part


giving


ooneerts.


tl ffrerat


kindtl


oonoertr


are.


ara


plays


and


pageants;

metivity


this


strong


l adlates


that


tendency


this


ohurohe


a fertile


fild


toward
for e


this


xpansl on.


Wore s


not


for


the


foot


that


looal


e ae rershi p


laoki ng,









*69-


five


ohurOh ,


Table.


thirty,,


VIII.


or 93


peag


abhao


sent


t at


favo r


thirly-


olabs ,


nonO


oharohe


are


against


the e.


but


only


are


d in


thiL


tiVi$ty7.


Some


allowaoe


should


ma&e


here


OssUal


inav lt gti on


oan th


part


certain


shuroh


offoiaals,


the


fst


that


alts


appreciate


seared


sapeots


ohuroh


re than


under


reoreatio mn


reoreat ion


treated


aspects;

with La


therefore,


&ifferrnoe .


anything


listed


wri t er


aware


faot


that


le art


oent


ohurohes


have


elabs


or oooperate


with agenoirm


ting


olub


work.


There


are


sewing


di ba,


reading


L roles,


young people'


anion,


eooeial


hour,


d4-e


whi oh


prove id


judging


oantats.,


fairs,


meaning a


oonteats,


and


out wings.


Itea


six


able


VTIl.


page


stows


that


ty-to.,


Ocnt,


the


sharohoe


expreseas


ITve


favor ab la


toward


bathiin


parties,


iftteen,


"9.4


sont


again st,


per


eat.


engages


this


activity.


bathing


baeshes


e after


superrvis on


church


lea aer


who n


duty


to guard


group


against


daruLng


avrantur aN


water


and


agail


t other


that


ooour


on maoh


oeasionse


STh ere


lakea


county,


several


htioh


are


provided


with


tents,


bath


houses


and


other r


fao liti s


areJ


Oaa*,










40-


They


restily


give


consent


thtfeI


tenant,


eare


take re


and


their


frt


Sto.


have


aeos .


It.


e*ven


Table


VIII,


pa .


shove


that


enty-five,


or 66


per


sent.


ohurehema ame


favor


soNm


form


athl etias.


eleven.,


per


oant are


opposed.


and


or 5.4


per


oat.,


enoouraige


foster


sotL Tty.


The


on are


different


baseball.


kind a


tennis.


athleNt


golf,


os which


Lal n ..


aight


volleyball,


oarriae


and


oroquat.


* aotivitee


are Wardly


negleote* .


isin-


terpretati. n


laok


app


reaoiwta


amtal


physical


develop


hio h


they


pro ide.


-thletiea


are


strongly


ff eo-


tLIe


holding


boys


and


girl


oh ool


and


ohuroohe o


There


several


olabs


oA04


out.--of-sehool


boy.


organized


teachers


vo oat ion al


agrinal


ture


oonneetion


with


ohurohes.


They


have


social


hornl,


play


croquet,


tennis


and


polf.


These


lubea


are


ohagi ne


attitude


the


adult a


toward


athlette a


also


tourt 1rlhe


teeaher


rioelture,


are


inal


iag


the


boye


tor rituo


school


take


otirve


part


oharoh


work..


ItaS


e*gh*


Table


VII,


give


reaotisn


ahareh


toward


lt erary


eooltL.aes:


thirty-two.


or 84


per


eat,


are 2


aro


alv


41A eoas


w w V


S aooiette


. two.


five


r


I


I


m vw











book


o1 erst


olubs,


and


orato rioal


oon tests.


proper


leadership


developed,


trae


sooceties


can


ta


seo ~re


aIvantage


books


Boe


and


wald


lit erature


Aid


atudy,


rural


after


libraries,


hiosh


and


reports


from


their


research


giv n


ooisety


and


OO -


It, .


foll owi


information


will


give


0so~


idea


au to


the


ait


supplied


Bose


und:


Ang


eagro


school


which


pod


eligible


rooe tr


a Roe ewald


elementary


* The


library


oaontai


166


volu


a and


oast


*a2.


On-athird


the oost


paid


legroea,


one-third


Oountt,


asd


an -third


t n


Pand.


Books


selected


rioan


Library


Assooli atioan


chipped


propa lA.


Appl Lo at ion


blanka


'ill


saet


upon


request.


Bohool


Library la


A fo ur -ear


*egro


high


school


elglble


reoaive


a high


school


library


addition


tary


library.


aost


high


eohool


library


*10 .


Max


oost


eoo .


Ona-th ird


the


ooat


will


paid


County.


-thirdA


legroes,


asd


third


lund.


library


psokad


an'


shipped


pr epaA4.


Appliationa


blaat


aid


liAt


Sbooks


for


king


seleo-


baUi dI


rU rn










44a-


two


are


against,


three,


or 7


per


oent


have


apeotal


lo tares.


This


particular


activity


negleoted


entirely


too


the


pe reatg


ohanrohea


Toning


indicate


that


there


* leok


le1 erahip


moat


ohuroh we.


state


offiio tale


and


here


State


College


faulty


are


very


willing


oo op rate


this


oonnectiona,


respond ing


readily


in-


Vl tat Ion


address


ohuronh audienoes


and


otner


public


gather-


ingp.


through


these


madinaus


that


better


raioal


undeartand-


lng


being


bailt


reLationship


between


so3 tern


white


When


n and


both


the


oupe


egro


being


brought


li erpreted


together.


a sy


through


ath ti o


laoturea.


attitude


often


taken


cooperation


assaurd,


and


a psaoeful


rela-


tl onahip


exista.


thbae


at ht io


white


friend


betag


oan-


vinoed


that


satisfied


oolor ed


tenants


better


neighbors


are


better


ottisena.


For


these


reasons,


lirvio


conditi one


being


improved ;


soo al


and


retreat l nal


features


are


bLang


ea-


phasiset.


Owne r


big


plantations


are


oal lng


tesohers


who


are


able


engage


these


extra-ourrioular


aotivitite.


aEgar


plantation


Al ar,.


Florida,


who re


4,000


legroes


are a


played


a good


the


growing


trained


_no


T










-68-


College.


Tallahasoee,


Florida,


March


for


IOoar


leaders


that


oould


met


qaliflioatiot a


euggested


abo e,...


prneent


three


student s


from


the


and


. Colis re


aje


played


tnohere


and


will


have


complete


charge


reornat ioial


center


other


rela ted


enterpri-t e .


Attit uie


Chuaohes


ard


hnterpr Lase


Cooper rat tU V


Table


page


ahow 8


t t t


thLrty-io ur,


80 pr


oeat,


oharohes


are


favor


of a oper


tiLng


with


zarer s


ooannoti on


with


tbk


buying


calling


their


pro duce,


five,


or 11.9


oent


are


asaisit,.


and


thr-e,


or 7.1


per


eaot,


re


aotuall7


easpred


this a ty


worTk.


two


Table


Ix,.


pee


shows


thb't


ti ty-itght,


77.T


per


ohurohoe


are


fator


lblldLng


under stand tgr


between


the


player


loyvee,


Lre.


or 13.8


cent,


are


agal


and


three,


or 8.1


Seint


are


oatually


oenaged


the


sotLvity.


ThIn


idea


butld ing


under standlo,


between


player


ployee


extres


Laportano, ,,


* sp really


plojee


a tUnant.


employer


should


o arLao ned


that


tisfie4d


tenant


san


better


pr odetiot


of ar ops


better


oare


sanaala


Sao


iapl


ata.,


and


better


ret urier


per uait


hie


a a


r r


1


r


I










-64-

TABLE


Att it d


Toward
(42


Certain
Chanrhe


Cooperative
Cooperastig)


Aotititit 8


yea


a gag ed
in the
Activity


oPr
oent
Tea


?er
oeat
No


Per oaet
Engaged


Shoal
aseist

for oo
work.
mark to
ig of


d the ohuroh
in malng
so oontmtu
operative
sach as
ing and buy-
tara wloa1


9

t
0
I
: *
s
9
:
9.


80.96


11.9


Should
Assist i
employee
* ployer
that is,
in Sthe o
an emplo
agecoy?


the oharoh
n getting
and
together;
serving
spelaty of
lart


T7.7


18 .8


I
9


I__,- I II I L ,,--I I OL


-- al u II ~ I- I I] I


~_ I_ I_ I__ II --II I









e" e


Opiniton of the florida Teahera of Vooaticmal
oaltare Baerding the Influen at Yal ae
Oe8 Aa d aMd CB In Voostieaal
Arionltanl Aot titis


A ri-
of


"All of the
mberm, and
or lodge."


tarser in
thq were


evenian olasa are
oonteated either


lodge
in the


and ohuroh
churoh


"The o roeh
all of our


in the rural
ario ult ural


di trlot
saetinge


a oo


unity


o ent er


"It
all
the


Li very important for
of the ehuarehem in his
approval of the ohuroh


the teacher
retpesptLre
leadere"


agrtnoltare to
unity so as to


visit
get


"All
pit


the


agri ultu ral
oharoh."


program m


are


annooneed


pul-


"The ohurohea
tions. ad in
planned."


and lodges in m oo
both, agrioul tral


mii ty are
aotiritie


rural tintitu-
are Al ouased a


"The ehurohee
etifl tie. *"


lodges


ooope rate


in all


agr aultaral


"So-m


beet


agrtoultural


pupils


ar e


i enters .


"By oontmattri the
show the r elatia


ohuroh
between


n d the lodge I
agriculture amd


bave been able
ohuroh work."


"5y speolal a
nrbting are
rioultare."


etin
held


wnion deal
the o hroh


in the main
with spool al


with cooperative
speakers on ag-


10. "The
bet


11.


agrioultural
aottititea in


"All of
for the


teaoher ma
hi e oomn


the ehranhes in
extenate of oar


at make
ity."


sch ool
school


hi-melf


a part


ooatrtbated


and









-66-


CHAPfl


THE


STUDY


ROSI WALD


AND


NOI-BOSEE WALD


SOIDOLS


Xteaest


Adults


Teeoherm


ibe


fit een


pap


ntj-thbree


6T,


gvrea


repeo ti ely


Alan


for


non


Seor0


enwal


itLee.


range


non-EBo enwal d


it .ea


from


six


twenty-aix,


and


for


Rose rmal d


ities


raCe


fifteen


twentJ- ight.


This


* in


groapa


soholas


aooounta


for


high


'ian


ao"re


for


the


Roee


Id


mea


It ie.


Table


page


gives


adian


0oo0r e


tweaty-onm


and


-on


ana


one*halfl


for


the


two


gr upm


mohools.


Thrm


a rve7


little


ifft eree


shown


will-


pupils


oo operate


with


the


teo other


the


schools.01


Itea C


Table


page


gives


a dlan


00 scores


fourteen


fifteen


fo r


groups


school ;


point


ftror


RBoeenwald


group.


ThLst


very


high


aver-


age


tt ar me


moo oated


very


pleasant


agreeable


weather r


winter


fable


Pege


gives


Mores


twenty-om


inh;


e range


Soore


fo r


groups


varied


OOmes8


inp s











TABLJ I


muanity Interest of
lon-Bo seonwald and


Pupils and
8 Bomenrald


Adults
Schools)


I. The Coomatn i :lErfoot
: Soore
'


:
a
a
0


weld.
Soo re


man-


0
0


sMedi an
:Soore
*


Pupils.
All ohil
distri ot
ished th
school r
exaased

SpirLt o
and pupi
op rate
for the
the scho


4rea in the
who have no
e eighth gra
egularly ccl
for good ou


f the

with
Level
ol.


sobuod;
t fl4
de in:
08 :


pupfla good
llLng to oo-
the teacher
opnaed of


Attendance
lg year u
rent year
crages 91
(lote: Abs
of severe
oauad the
generally
qluaran
or 1lln es
the ohild
-o coautedA


for


proo


r the
date,


or mor
came as
storms
roats
Lap saaa
tine, a
whioh
at home
).


a


our
a'


a reasu
whioh
to boo m
ble, or
pidleate
oontinad
nead at


I


Pnotual
of not a
nasa for
ashool y
oar r~at


or.
the
ear
year


iAn s

preoe*
and for
up to


Bohool property: Pa
ft A- --_ ^ -- -- t.. -


erag :
tanE-:
g :
thae
date. :

pila :


ab a


a


23




21*


s







-68 -


tabls


- OPt'A.


all^^^^^^


*. All lo
or all
soheol
inat i
twito
obhool
total o
houea a


*UI__


:. rdi t : Ion oema bsewo
SSaenr swuat. t-iian
, :8ee ,B, ,o


al oehool
aesra of
boart who


f


th
the
r in
ear
at
oh


ruglar a


e OOmaL
sohool
g the p
* spend
least
oboervi


ohool


alA


txastee:
the :
are rae-:


nit;
at
aut
itg
two
ag


work


the


At least 60% of th par-
ants (other than school :
trustees or embers of
the local school bo ar)
have Til oteL the aohool
during the oarrant sohools
paar, apu1ng an average:
of onp how ash obnrvlin
the replar work of the :
Mhool.
aote: Vsul t to oth :
ashool for oital pro
or on epPail oeaoion :
lo not ooaut in this.) :


Liiry oenaitiLom for the:
teacher: Obod liv aeo-
Altioae in a ho where :
h has aleepa roo :
to herself anA a warm ana:
private plam to o her :
work in the arini; ng a:
tohoageq. well eenatra&
eA, well oSalppa aPC
erlj hMate and lia tedo. *


ti eMa


in tions r


A


_ I1 |_ I l I I


n










-69 .


Table


- Oont'A.


I. T heO


eam ai


organit
min ob
mohool
it up.
(Note:
ent.-ea
or Mai
some ot
ity org
Votes a
inga a
tive pr
Velopa


nation u
Jaet to
and to


800 e


ith itsa
atudy the
help built


7ou have


oh

he
pn
t
Is


ogr
at,


As.
groa
type

atio
ast

* of


o*i at a
opatii
p but h
of oc
n which
throe *
amoo-


w


I
I
I


:uaU.
:Seors
9

0
0wl.

4
:
:*
:


:xosee

:5.k
:soore

4
0
:
:
:
0
9


, t
nae:


et-:


ohbool Aet
25 pta:


artti olpti on,


B ring


thb


pa t par, in a sohool :
play festival. school U.r:,
olub aehLrvent day, ar-:
bor 4ay pmpasja, ooaeaets:
in spelling, arit eti :
or other school ab $ota :
or any other type of t-:
nag uhio h he br cght the :
o-nity to gather aA fre:
that aq ham ooteret tho:
attentia of ths oamitg:


tha


aohOl.


The mohoo
oo-ity
(lote: If
saity ha
this purp
may be al

Other set
IPoo eoom


Ihotu
oente
there
11 tha
o0e, 2
loues)


Xr
ie a
t sern
all er


oag evid eme
unity spirit


:


0:
OOn-:
es :



of :
aM









-P0-


table


- Ooat'A.


[X The 0


Soores


onl-


:swald.
:Soor


ona -:


:Soo9re


a-m.
us',?o


t poi
this


ntl is
hoed, ).


14 1 7
** l *" '" '* "* *8 '


Total


Soore


on the


275


162


192









nfl a


iblel


fre


this


sliltt


A itfcreao.


Ite


Table


pe.


Pree


edia n


Norm


twelve


and


fortaen


rem poetv el y


for


o go up;


the


two


points


are


twror


the


Roe


weld


shal s.


Itea


A under


adult s,


Table


page


shows


thSt


the


moore oi

bears of


the ro
the m


for


ohool


both

board


Soup .*


were


few


enough


ehoolo


have


visited


any value


mooring.


sup ervi i an


the


shoole


left


the


Jeanes


Sop rrisor,


a traveliag


teacher


o visits


all


the


schools.


fable


Pae


Tr ee


di an


00or es


nine-


teen


for


enoh


group


aohool a.


rangs


tbar


twenty-


ouar


eaoh


groap.


This


andloates


the


parents


all


itLee


ias it


school .


0 of


table


p Se


gives


the


dian


moorc


four-


teen


sro0


aon-o seimalA,


Borsenwal


reape o-


timely.


Omly


three


Ro en


teacher


eoore


this


point


abwe


reO .


hil


mooundte


pert


aet,


that


all


Bose nal d


teahoer


ezoept


three


Arrive


their


moho ol


reftrn


Tall ahbasee


night,


have


invest gated


living conditions


Ite


Table


pa g


giva


aadala


soor e









-Te-


Rose


groap


range


tro


sero


thirty-three.


2Thi


ift ermeno


aedian


so rem


nooounted


fet


that


a larger


non-RoBeeaal d


schools


are


the


sero


eol


. Zhe


teaoher


largely


responsible


for


school


without


thee


oo manity


organisation.


Itea


fable


pap


gives


median


8sores


four


eight


for


non-Ro mecwald


and


the


Rose nal A


groups


respect ive y.


The


range


BoOee


for


groapa


aooaonte


difference


the


median


o0 trea;


range


for


non -Boa enwal d


group


from


sero


ten,


and


for


the


Roeanwald


group


range


five


ei lt.


I of


Table


page


gives


median


soore s


aeenD


and


eleven


for


groups;


range


the


scores


for


groups


aooeounta


for


difference


median


score;


range


non-ioaenwald


group


from


three


fourteen,


for


Rosea


group


from


eight


fourteen.


An*


other an

auWtiCee


g


ie to

with


these variables

Roaenwald sohoole


o0orea


hare


a suitable


that
and


eoo or table


building


whio h


hold


their


a etings.


Table


page


givae


sedia n


soorea


seven


and


aere


for


the


groups


school.


The


range


the


non-tosea


aid


schools


froa


three


eleven,


and










-73-


median


800 ores


The


superior


training


Roe nwald


teacher


probably


most


tpor at t


factor


their


8eUoess


in arousing


inte rest


80hoola.


This


point


will


dtsonueed


fully


under


reouir


for


Rosen-


*ald


taaohera.


total


adian


00ores1


are


162


192


reapeoti vely.


The


differanoe


these


s8or0 e


oome


item


unAer


pupils,


and


under


adult .


Organ station and


Wo&


Sohoole


Itea


Table


nI.


page


shows


ian


800 ore


three


and


aix


groups


schools;


range


thu


scorea


fo r


non-Roeoenald


schools


on


oevun,


and


for


the


Boase


aid


oshoole


range


fro a


on.e


seven,


larger


her


first t


above


itloned


graou


has


a soore


eon.


This


saoeount


difference


median


cores.


two


Table


page


dian


BO ore


four


for


eaoh


group.


There


no difference


shown


on this


point


the


groups


ochools.


three


Table


papg


gives


the


median


moore


fourteen


for


eaoh


group.


There


a very


little


difference


shown


the


range


scores


two


groups


eohools.


A----


a--- a1


YT


- A a -


-L a


-a 1 A a


--- -a a


goupp


gives


fl -1


L A









-74-

TABIE ,


m isatian of
a-RoBoesmwsl


he School
and 8 Boe


and It Work
walA Schools)


II.


Or anisati on
adIt Wo


School


rzr'ee
Seo re


soc-a
swalA.
:Booren
I


Doily program of reoitation
ad stay, with tiem oohedale
posted in the snoholroom.


iMedian
:8or
i


A copy
study


of the
on hana


state
in the


ooh ar o
school.


Classes 3O
gra o arr
are not sor
not ftiORm
(e: ed tA
aoh aAtttL
achealeA a
pro fim).


oo bined and pro-
and 'that then
* than 8)w pzate
S'cring the 4ay.
ot one point hor
el rotitatLa


the


regular


All
repo
Bape:

tion


r100
rint

btat
eat
sen


rdf up t
rqaireA
.ent of
* Departa
t in prom


date maL D
by tS Q*I
Shibools sa
ant of aReo
ptly.


the tie and atte
teacher equitably
amon the upper a
gra .


tion of
tlter


there
B
a
:


The oiniaity provide
-ad epnns U~ef7 for
teeohor to pred one o
vtiittLe dayp wh yea
*thnr mohools, uaaer t
restion of the OCanty
LntealAat of Sohoola.


tin
the
r two

Saper-
r at-


Wel







-75-


Table


- COont'd.


LX.


Orn anion
npd Ite Work


port uity tor
tenAing prof e


School


l siting or
L onal meti


Iore


swalA.
:8eore


*n- :ao enw

--29^


ate:
pg.:
3


Par
the
and
the


nts oooprate well with :
tesoher in the school ntk:
for the best process of :
oh ilAt :


Parensk oooperase wl
the teahser to maintain
st aard of iiaompline
school interest.


10. 8ood school
the part of
the pupils.


anth
and of


housekeeplag on
the teacher aiA


Buplar reports of the ohi
Arn's attedanoe a d pCogr
mat to the parents.
(lote: This *ah A be Loms
blaka prortlAe by the Oor
ity unless thg are otherni
provided by sat e county,
local uathoritle).


1-
a


on:


124

15.


14.


Regular
Aily in


play
fair,


out


doors :
nt mthMau


the schoolroom regularly
flashed with fresh aLr during
intemissions.

Parents oooperate well with
the teaohe mad other mohool
and health atheritie in the
school health pro gr.


S


16.


xtbool and other


school


11.









*76-


table


- Oamt'A.


II.


Orgaisation of
d4 t. Work_


School


*rzeo
Soore


:wma 1
:walt.


Medora
Boor a


( tIo o :
school
allow

to 88
yearly


or less
oredlt


you


h


* term of
40 polata

weks, al
school t


than
oan be


Sa t
; of
poi
low
I-
Or.


Syearly
o 96 weeks
88 to 88
nto; of 24
20. For a
of4 2-k


24 waets.
atllmed .


total
of the


Score on
School i


the Organt n
ad Iti Work.


tion


:1 :


140


_I I I _I ____~_~~~~__ __


__ __


I


I__


el_ I~__I I~~_ e I I


II I_ i_ I_ I iII Ii iJI










-77-


toas


*w id


group


whion


from


one


*ix.


while


for,


Rosen-


rvulAd


groap


range


from four


six.


It


flb


table


page


gives


median


scO re


t uhree


and


five


the


groups


schools.


range


lesore


thise


groups


rune


fro a


zero


three


firat,


Bati


zero


poootLt 3


the


six


range


score


seaod .


aooount b


differ ence


three


di ferenoe


eldani


Ooreos.


Ite~m


slx


and


nevae


Table


page


gire


the


median


sozes 8


both


proaps


sero.


The re


no opportunity


teacher to


get


this


sait.


Item


eight


Table


page


gives


the


median


cO ore


if o.rt


for


each


group.


These


ooresO


Ind ioate


that


parents


all


ooaunit iee


cooperate


very


well


with


teaoher.


Item nine


Table


pag*


gi' e0


median


mooOre


Slev en


fourteen


for


groups


schools.


range


soor s


Und&


for


Rosen


non-ioeenIwala


group


group


range


fro m


from


nine


ten


fifteen,


fifteen,


ith a


larger


percentage


moor.e


between


thirteen


aitf teen.


Itma


ten


Table


pge


gives


median


score


roren for


- -


- n


0o ups.


This


indioates


that


good


houaekeep-


tr a


tihe


r









-78-


the


two


groups;


range


0sOres


sooounta


for


this


very


high


di tforence


median


moo rea;


for


non-Rosenwald


group


a range


six


fourteen


was


fond,


and


for


Rosen-


weld


group


a range


seven


fourteen,


with


a larger


number


mooring


about


twelve *


Item


twelve


en for


eaoh


Table


group.


page


There


gives


no difference


dian


shorn


soore


on this


point


any


sohools.


Ite


thirteen


able


II,


page


gives


dian


oore


seven


for


eaoh


group.


Thi


more


indioate


that


th re


i _feranceo


found


eohools.


Item


fourteen


Table e


I,


page


gives


median


score


eler


for


and


gr oups


thi rteen


aooounts


group;


this


range


differeoe ;


moor.e


non- o en-


weld


group


range


Boore


from


five


fifteen,


Ros enwald


group,


from


nine


fifteen.


Itea


fifteen


Table


page


gives


dian


soore


six


eaoh


group;


this


indioatea


that


school a


'up-


plied


with


textbooks .


It e


at leen


for


esoh


Table


group.


page


These e


scores


gives


the


inditote


e dian


that


o0ore


aver-


ae.


oshool


term


all


schools


between


twenty-fo ur


and









-T7-


This


range


so ores


aooounted


foot


that


achoole


except


high


school


Tallahaasee,


Florida,


are


given


five


nthas


school


county,


but


several


oonunuiities


extend


their


school


terms


supple aent


sUlaries


their


teaohere.


total


amdian


moores


for


bot h


group


are


140.


ditferanoe


fo r


the se


sooTre


00oOUTr


iteas


one.


four,


five,


nine


and


fto fteen.


Qualificatin


and


Iat rest


Teach oer


Item


one


Table


1I.,


page


gives


di ta


800 oor


the


non-os enwald


and


Rose


teachers.


seen


that


first


group


abore


ntionad


a 0 ore


twentj-eoven


aoond


group


haa


a moore


ninety.


The


range


boozre


firat


group


above


ntioned


tweity


ninety,


and


the


*eoond


group


above


ntionad


range


from


twenty-ti ve


haM rea.


This


uaeasualy


high


Oore


Bosearal d


te oherao


Oan


aoo


for


faot


that


in Leon Oounty


they


t all


sure


part.


all.


the


qualifiL atio a


listed


unaer


before


they


eligible


teaoh


in a


Roseawalt


oahool.


Itea A


table


II,.


page


uatder


saeti a


two,


1ves


the


mei









-80-


fAIzR


Ill


Triniag, b rxpU ima a d
(89 NonBodBrflW4t ard 8


Atott ea
Roamwald


teachers)
)dQMbr


:br feot :o1 n-o a *:a- oel a
III. Tb tumeoher : Soore :wald YeMdbzMsAan
..,. :Boofe:Soor
*^ ^ ^- "M ^ -"" ^ ^^ ^ "*^ '-" ""I* ^" ^' _^^^ .


training and
(lot: he
county 8aps
Schools or
reprnsentat
glren upsei
part of the

The point
are:
A. Coral
B. Pro fea
0. eaeoh ln

A esrable
which is r e
r eatljy p
states. jut
A. Ihaeatic
eqar


Itra. M



ing Sp


Profess ionaa]


one


opinion of
rint*admet
his prcifees
ive shcOiall
al we*itt t
I moroL


of

be
in Vhit


100


oam iiASr d


eduoatm.
, saL tnl.inlng.
e xperdame.


, staMdt, a d
x1irtd 1la
sea Ijta Ievra

a: Orda em ofe
Ilh Shal or
t aof tls oIa
moats .pl..-a,

onal1 t ntaalag,
talent.
ee: At ls.enst 8
oroi*o1 to
rimees


a ad asst a
paofeasioal I


lba


:
:
or:
a
4 :
6 s-


st
sM.


.na & kl -- ,4


L4 I 66


Attiel il:


LI


tW -


as e-










-81-


tabla


aI


- CIot'A.


:. Pt::erfooe :on-aoen-: Boeawal
IX Th Thaohe a Score :wal. Mmn lian
S;:Soor :Soo
i ,t s: sS


aur&
yo~ur


g Oourse
,tate.


Attes aa
eattaal
the year.


eeal


Lirt


letias
et igs


two eta.
daring


Attita e:


S




U :20
S
S


water oted iL th
ity Ksd in mral

Bas vsiaita the b
majority of her p


ge
life.


LOS a
apilas.


Takes
oGMI


a


part
ity


La eastmnuot
notilties.


Shows a spirit
alLon with the
the ohildAr in


M. oooper-
pirente of
her raael


Tot


the 8e Teaeher B
the 8 S~hool at
Caasat ire ter .

al Soora on the


*tai e
Least


ohn


875


156


265


I _ __ __ ~ ~__ __ __ _I


I_


__









-me


coupo


zero


ten,


and


for


the


Roenvald


groap


the


range


froa six


ten.


This


diferene


otand


the


range


seoren


aeoounts


for


difference


median


soora.


Thls


s0ore


also


indioates


that


ODI


group


integrated


ore


pro-


fesalonal


liprove


than


the


other


Item


B of


Table


XII,


gives


ten


dian


sooreo


toue aend


nine


and


three-fourth


for


nonRRos oWald


and


Rosen-


wald


Gtahera


raspotiTvely.


The


range


mdsians


obtain


here


as in


ite A l


above


ntioned,


and


difference


here


oan


meoounted


for


iten


Itea


0 of


Table


II,.


pege


gives


ilan


S00ore8


eleven


and


twenty


for


the


two


group


teachers


addition


attending


professional


etings,


the


Roanwald


t aohers


were


all


attendance


r 5ohool


Florida


Agri-


cultural


and


ohaenual


College


last


June


and


July.


Another


anle


interest


that


the


nan-BRoa enwald


teachers


are


hand lapped


duo


their


ager


salariesa,


which


are


not


adequa te


allow


them


attend


hool.


Item


dian


A o


Table


soore 8


for


HI,


the


ader


two


emotion


groups


three,


nineteen


page


and


gives


twenty


reepio tively.


These


oo0rea


indicate


that


all


teaohers


are


ted


and


rural


life.


Os --- a wfl as a m a a aaa a a -


urn -


a~ 4..


11mJb


page


~ rll


Y et l


n ,r


1


41











Item


C of


Table


XII,


P. 81,


give


a median


score


twenty'


four


for


both


teanb


i floating


a strong


tendoney


on the


part


all


teaohere


ta take.


apart


omznity


aotrT-


cities.


Table


mI,


pamg 81,


gives


dian soore


nine-


ten


for


both


group


teaohe rs;


aeain


e find


a strong


ten-


denoy


toward


cooperati on


on tWit


part of


all


teachers.


four


Table


XII, eHpage


gives


a median


core


forty-eight


for


both


groups


teacher.


The


lowa


annual


turn-


Oer


indoeates


that


there


la a ure


or less


satitfaction


on the


part


all


oonoerned.


The


total


dian


poorest for


the


two


groups


are


155


and


2Co.


The


Roaena


teeohers a oore


110


points


higher


than


non-Rosefald


teaohera,.


The v ariables


which


are


responsible


for


these


001orea


found


iLat


one,


wh ere


a total


differ-


enOe


ixty


points


on the


quluestion


training


and


experience


oeours,


and C :


eOt ion


two,


whioh


bring


grand


total


110


points4


L*W"b


group










-84-


ehoeol


Item


fable


XIII,


tunir


the


mohool


groaALa,


gives


dian


0ore a


aerma


Mad


respetively


two


groap


oole;


there


very


little


dlft.


oe in


any


the


schools


on this


point.


Item.


B of


Table


ILLLI.


pges


gives


Nro


eaonh


gr oup.


31i


are


sand


and


not


require


oinaers.


0 of


Tab ~


JIII,


poe,


gTves


*d ian


moore


and


twelve


the


two


grouPe.


Ro enwal d


schools


are


only


schools


m sauring up


them


re qu Ire


nts.


Soar


non-Bose


sohools


maoored


as high as


*sTen


points


this


this


Indioates


that


there


80 Bo


*xoeptions


generally


untavonrb le


si tuation


the


non -Bo emral d


sohools.


Table


II,


ge 86,


gires


dian


soor.e


three


and


seven


for


o group s.


range


soorea


eaoh


oase


will


gre.


Idea


regard


differnoe


found


Alan


oo00 n.


raps


for


non-Rome rald


school


from


sero


seTIn,


and


Ro newald


aohools,


all


oshools


sooted


teven


points.


Table


II I.


page 86,


giT es


a eAdlan


Boore


three


-even


two


groups..


soh ools


should soore


hihb


on thi .


oint


sinoe


ood


Oam


from tnP


woodland


ner


La


Ar


e8


v v


W


__ _









-85-


XXI


The Sohool Psnt
-RoemwM ald ad 8 Ro omaelA)


SPt re
IT, ahe Plar t : Score


The

A.


School


Grouas:


Gn aAas at least one
fairly lwl ant wel
dratlnd. At least three-
fowrthe of the grouWa4
usable fer play. (Wete:
For groMds of on -half
aere bt less than ono
asre allow s points fo
ground of leas than one
half a lr, no pointe ar
al lad).


e
S:
*
*


mC-aolfen- : Roslnw
wald. MsdlaMedi an
Score ;Seore
*
a


I


-


I


talks or geeod
graveled path
from the read
and from the
outbuildings.


oinderd or:
s lesadinag :
to the ear:
door to the :


3
Toilets whith mot the x
quiremnta of your State :
Departnt of Uuatoa t
er of yowu State De part
-at o" Health. The o1i-
let may be either of to:
type pe ted bel, itft
if the type oi appa ed :
in ar state.


a. Sanltary ehei al or
fMS teolets built
ad art for aeeood-
Sto the apeelfila-


TABLE


(as









-8be


TABLE XIII


- Oont.f


:erret to-rx
IT. The Plant Seore :rial.

b. Two oomletely fly :
aorenpe or fly-poof i
toilets, at least 20 :
feet from the school*: :
house and M0 feet :
apart; or built at e :
posite ends of the :
fuel shed, with sep- : :


rate e
rated

Entreno
clioe
maOe wi
tlos o
ao Stat


ntranoes snp-
by the full


of
vi
th
f
S


se- :uOs
MIsdLllian





:
!oore
I t 9~TB~9a


the shedA :
eoreend fl
a in anoozr
the umggesr
your County :
Department :


of Kduoation.
Whatever the type, the:
toilets U t be eare-:
fully superrised anad
mat eet the folltow-
tig requirement to t
noeite a oy rdit :
lkakterr TYoileta not:
eared, arked nor :
eoilSed alel ventilaW
ed ad regulry Ae-:
inufeted ; provided :
with indoor latch at:
toilet paper; urinals:
of ao-absorbent ft-
terial for the boys; :
all seats with oveorr


Playreud
conitiona.


kept


00a









-87-


Tabla


nIIx


* Cont'd.


IV. The Plant : soor


a good

Strut


raveled or
path; placed
it does not
the views o:


WU4 S
Snoc


obr
r


iea t
SIa

s
2
:
:
:


soors


A pod plae
provided in
feat.


for fuel
the bama-:


At leue three pleoes o
plaerpound equlp nt, I
as ohiAmig bar, baseba
ground and equipnat, B
kstball ground and 9sFl
ant, jSwpine pit and
ataziards, volleyball
equipant, a stroa o
Asl oo water slide, gl
strike, moaern teeter
boro. (Note These way
b buolt by t.s boyrs
the a of the ooait
at vwry little oet).


f t

li:
1:
Sc
!e<
S


I


At blot four shads twee
properly plead, n th :
yard end so hrubbery :
artlatleally erraaE, but:
Splaed that it eooa t
laterfro with the psee :
for ply. :


Shool B


8la.t U
of air
ftw of
tnt~ S


a
1


uailig: a

aber of oble fete
ye ard square :
flo@r ua po r ]
* memarted hv a


The











Table


UtII


- 0


t "A,


IV. The Plant


Soore


:3Ieno,
:ll'a].do
= 8oz,


0e1>L


:Roa ar
uta Oan
;Utodlan


I~~~~ n1 Ii i iT 1 II
w--- -- -i -i


eubio
autb 1.
swill


fUll mott
frt of air
squar feet
per pupil).
s Of BItIAlU


*


for ao0t

of S
a

R :


If ftren. ltably
paintM ad paint t
gmod rpair all h
imq *an the grPoua
sa de altf* Ift
ooerte or trkel,
agoo rpatr at Weo
anoral oandl tin.


Goo'
M y^^


foua4ation
nPalr.


ALl udl and doon5
Sgood rpe ad :
with loos in aod :
orkiag order.

sooth ti ght floors,:
SJ e4.


I ks


roof


Ia lA finia oS bamlAtm:
Wall asdo oeillmg of eea:
limli 1Sa It tiat,
in eoort with ym
state las r the uuiiedrB
of your State Deat
of tuoat on. (C ItforMS
a to all requirmnts in


-88


!


"~ ~Y











Table


III


* Cnt*A4.


IV. ho Plant : Saor


Beating: Vaetilating
heater or satisfactory
jaokte stove with ar-
quate freiB ir iiet ead
foul air outlet; or, rus-
aaoe with adequate proTi-
lion for ventilatlo a
praorikbA in youw state
aohool law or suggesatS
by your State Departabnt
of Edoat io.


? NOCU
:wait.
:Snn
:9
0
q
6lc~I
.fZd
*So~


:Rosen_
noa isn
:aoor


MlR kept at eg
sture (about '1
rranhai t); to
ngulate4 by -m
saourat thbwmnm
properly plad.
moist by ksepiag
pn in heater or
filled or panu
on rdl atora.


n rm
psnature
s of an
oer,
At r


atar


YVn tllation:

a. Windows that san be
opened at both top
and bottom.


Ventilating
in at inest
dow. (lot :
may be wind


pref


sin


ariew r
Tou win-:
Thoe a


ea


Liatin s










-90.


oe III


* Qat' 4.


I, The P


Sar
e by
Itan


Glasa a
at lea
the .fl


s.
t
"""T


atate soeol a
the uggetWaB
your State ro
t of Imnoatlon

na in wrinaos:
tr Oe*p :
th 1~t 2


WIM wi
oolred ad
shades, of
mterial.
good work
with oord
eanf.


th li ht :
Justabio
transluome
hadso in
Sorder d
attached to:


oorr-
Soreo


:lon-H~
t
zwal'.
: Boor.


t


seaw


setdian

I
I


Proisiron f
artificial
*ithr with
lisy a r
bordaa,7y


ote a
vals.


aloe roa
oloak roo
and girls
e4, Feati
mad with


Cbard
urotaata


fraq


or Mefpat
lihatia, a
*Istrio :
ors

d in braSi
uat intend
i


*
t Separate a
- for tae bojy
p properly litatn
la4 and heatsd:
aoquate hoot. :

for luah bexa
and tar aaum


so that thoe l
kpt rmamaby
al father.


-wew
arn
a la


a*
r "











Table


XII


nrr-et ihSfrnoen-
IV. The Pleat : Soore stUal. Sl9
.S.o..re
2


the sum


W9ea
flsdian

: 5
*


Swpt daily ad
lag prepatiao
at least twioe


e. iting
left in
ater as


a d
wot


et-
flx


BiaMtst


a. Prrably of *l
ta sh 'w stao

yppraed by y
Dalrt At of
tina M be aum
(Imlo: No ondit
bo gien for Pi
plat r a shl
paintea boaris).


Ammat CO bla
m required or
getd by yatr
fio. (Not.: I
State Departo
Saet sotari
toual at I
to o lar


t
a


Snd

81S
-a-


san
at.'


board
Uf-
ster


m *
IetI
eOt :


eafal 1400 sq.
o board wspns
better).


- Oeatn*


161

a


91-









-92-


ile.


XIIf


* COont*.


IT. he P.aat : Sr
-


pll,a..


the


gaA

t


Ieam


-lW.


:Sc aanre
*
: 8
2


Blmstkbnzr t fitted
wi th sanitary ohalk


The


School


4quli


A fag at least S x
b1t flying In front
the sohoolhoueo on i
holi desm a otMr
oanujlo{ at other
l t a the socolhd
in ueb a way that i
propsPl (LaplayoS.
to .the isc rwtt-
(fte: If yonr stat
1 has certain r
Sb or yor State
up~ent of Iduoatio
jain auggestita M
aiN amA s of theb
llU erslt is gmins
~cr roq 1PQlrlmsa


8
a


U-
t is


D-
ml
t
riLa


Jinto flt*a
- tabb oM
three a four
the muils so
wry Mhll is
1e ehis t*t


the


tfer.


V p


*


of at Mlk

eatd that:
ai to :
bPr rM
IkPmlb


mwporin
e rb^y


Oat


--


__~_~_


I









-03-


XIIl


Table


IV. The Plant


A motern taoher's S*a
rith at Iast wo onarb
mnat hich ean be lookut
Oea of te should boe @
a suitable ai es to bolA
Moont form ndo s*


* Oont'd4


SoM


t


t
1





X


p. a


:Nsma


t


Good


otor


oet @hair for
r and at lea
subotantial *


the
tbo
t bsa
bairn


I those roo.

One good standad and B a
ern abridld diotlonary:
on stand or shelft or, os
of the ian. arord :
Gletinaries (apprve by:
your State Dspatant of :
Ndsnatlon) for eery 12 :
pupils, so plaed that
ppllo oan really un at


*00
tOO
hut
to


least
annn
a h
artd
g in

s t


thnro st ada
StMad to sa
ould b fret
with gl8sa, SBi
a light, a
hea wll.


Pliaty
books
pupil.

Oood


statsart trt-
suply nery


bo-tate


~IL


_ i~


L sI ,I s s, ,_ m_ Y I I I | J I










-94,


Table


LIIu


o- Cat'd.


SPlt
IT* The Plant : Seone


The


United


The World
p ojeotlon


iE h


States


roa


S0


*+ tumid.R
~SSI
swaldb

ia o


a
1


**
t


B


odia


1


A 600 g
than 10

mountSa

Panal a
urkiac
--Vld ^


Cloak


,k


not Ie
laohs lu


orbar.


eeo4


ooA


working or-:


Libry :


A library do at least
85 staMar4 booa
with at leat 5 m
me- ass .a year;
all books to we ahe
fro llsts prepare

State DplC t tf
ao tiox ad te ee-
eetio to met
the redisn ability
a4 testes *hiMm
f tvadtos w


at
-- A


a* saaS in a
riding to eamasia-


a.


S


Ietou









-95-


Taebl


XIII


- Ooast'4


IV. The Plant 2 Soonr


wuaa*
M ^^^^^^^^^^^^


gradr or lae-, aMA
Maequate nsereoe and
redming mkrial for all
other gra&Ad


. A supply of at least four
kids of pri amy a trr
approved by your County
Suerlntftent f Sohoola
oa your State Depar nt s
Mf KLatia.


ae -
water,


uW supp9gy of
*eml1 asse ible.


lea tu Ina

an


2 2






L : 1
*


DrinkiLg arranuma to: A
*n r tark with ftuot,
reulely clunAd and in
nahbi ea dtion, with
paper S1k iin oup a
smalty babbler of
spprond by your Statk
petrnt of taslatioa or
your State Departtnt of
ealta.


wahin


nt:


a. Paper

b. Liqu
b,Sn

from

o* ~ahh


al or
ad e
toe


directly
attainer.


empt


3
elea:
3
e
*


-r











ths


rnpoastbUItty


taL r.


Ioft


XX lL.


p89


i rs


tea


s


aix


tir the


two


XaUpa


ALtUenr


mN t


aooemAt


tot


* bet


tthat


SU


osnt-


uaiA


M


it .r


parts


Star


nterast


qolppi


the


oot


tMan


OA iO


l***.


It1e


0 of


table


A111,


p~. 867,


gvoes


adian


morea


tive


fouad


for


ad1


oh gro ap.


arane d


mhi


on *1U


Lad!olen


theo


that


school


treOe


g road


are


attrao-


U VTase8


s lo6


ar


LtUt


further


tin


fa t


that


*Liabbery.


sad


otabr


plaot


bn


had


with


vety


little


*fort.


d B


aPbl 1


1nXl.


pags


87, asAr


the


school


butllAl


* give


dlman oorms


seo.


all


polats


on tbo


a&on-a


rald


sobool


buJILA


and


a prtoot


mOot


for


all


Boses

emaO
mlll al


ald hnoale.

this obspter,


Tais


Ladi atOe.,


- will


shool


an st


-t


the


mar1


an1


4em


nqulr


natm.


All


blud 1sp


Uak


* or


'1-


after


three


tour


Za due


tenets


the


0 of


bit


XI ,


page 68,


0ve V


dLan


cores


of two


t for


tha


to Irow u


schools.


ralgo


school


She


*oamM


fowen,


te.










*4Y


sIx


te~.


thfes


etor e


iaAioa e


thLt


TTry


litle.


attention


given


thM


pLn tini


walls


aM


OeLlLsrg


the


non.


Rose


hooile .


1mt-


Table


ILL,.


seoors


two


mna


eilht


for


group


maoole.


rnae.


sooreo


nonRoeBanwald4


schools


troa


one


four,


the


range


for


Rosenaala


schools


fro five


nine.


Due


aLUa


bhat


problem


sobool.


It-e


ahble


mI',


pp.


gire


BOO re


four


onhb


group


Obhools.


no O


erstare


not


problem


for


any


schools.


I.e


Table


111,


page


g~tes


soor es


one


ana


sLix


for


two


groups


schools.


ltan


lor@03


for


are


and


two


Yettllati o


a seri9Us


probi


way


schools.


Itea


0 ot


Table


fI t.


Pva


giTes


~ia


-orel


tlenl


that


two


lighting


oalj


group
a probi


. ehools.


These


O rs


noa-Rofeail4


LnAteate


mhools.


, ',


Table


AI1,


p.ae


a perfect


moreI


for


all


Nosawald


shobolo,


while


all


aos-Roenwal


soe als


mon'd


Ian


thes


points.


- -


ad I of


labia


UfIt.


nO


ivLe


a pertee


Lan


Ahan


m


I


I


.









eISn


It e


four


fable


L five


III .


group


ivres


* thee


dLan


*oo0 re


0or0e


indieat


that


build


axe


oleaa4d


seveosl


tai


duriq


the


yar.


table


XE I.


paI.


gle.a


dian


soore8


and


four


for


group


shool0.


These


soO resa


Aloastoe


t all


tin


sohoola


are


swpt


daily


t r*rO


SOBM


doubt


wblbter


the


weepin


oomipounA


used.


Item


Tab le


XiiI.


peg 91,


vels


pI reot


coore


two hr


oame


group


Item K,


*,b,so,d.


bl.


XIII,


pse6


91, gvre


odtian


sorOe


and


two


retpotlv iTy


ieach


Proap


sohoola.


Thse


sore0


indlo abt


that


alt'.


all


school


arav


blaoIb


rdea


thboe


BoE mald


oshools


appgroh


mtsater4


olear


thea


c ot


aoaAomeaw.al d


aohool s.


It-


A of


bleab a


1Xu


* 92.,


under


eobool


ivea


a amdian a o0o


nonaRos


d14


eo.oole,


diman


m0ore


tbree


Bose


d sohools.


-ro


moore


for


aonb gnap will


ior


diff er.eo


ian


0 or1 .


for


irt at


group.


soore.


rang.


from


e0ro


four.


the


oond,


from


two


five.


f lags


wfre


foaod


1 sohoola


ditfered


alse;


s aI.


o hoolt


not


Mvo


mat tablb


flag


poles.


These


laest


S ioned


faot


aooant


oomooleo


fr


oqu L


a40ount


tby










ef99


the


oaat


tor t


the


lan


seorm.


aona toe


,roup


ng -


iroa two


ten,


a ad


loea ld


a rar


* ot


Zroa tire


tea


Th sle


soresT


aleo


laiLoata


that


those .


probl


all


swhoola


O*mnw--


tlmo


with


dBle]a


matLag


pupis.


t sa1,.


me


peoialy


during


seasoII0


when


th re


chil1'


labor.


w o.mrwO at.


Ite


C of


UttI,


pM5


IvT-


diaa


moor.


four


for


Rosszal s


sohoole


stro


for


the


aonaosanald


aehools.


mall


schools


table


prwide


*altL


whiLoh


ble


art.


sed


drawer


aon*lto rweld


coatfort


the


teaober.


Itea


T~blet


11 ,


pIgs


V ee


a seere


sero


for


all


eohoole.


Chairs


*qti


are8


uasally


left


ttne


sOUar.


Some


kind


eat:r


foand


school s


bat


very


few


bools


hMt


tha


h@Ltn


dGesigated


harh.


It-a


table


'U1X.


Pag 8


rime


an moors


for


emOh


aihools.


Thee.


aoorn


Ltat


tsat'


sO 06


'ind


4Loti


oar


fouaM


in all


aoO0els.


Itee


i t,


'v.


laa


soor.


for


sahe


ohools.


-. nort e


Idit


that


soe


tas


piLTruE


are


foad


ia all


uslools.


4Atiteraeml


oala


Q',












tfttppl j


txtboofk


schools.


Ite-


ul of


ULIl.


Mhon


tatM


6L"n


re for


poop,


Oouatg


aney


available


fallash


I.LrAa


the


ber


tO0


Ll


gLVe


orat


trea


oiol


table xI t,


pge


Lan


p, giv


Sor..


oa


sMt


for


two groaps


onoodls.


T hOe


sootroa


indoae


tWtt g


11 oe


umid


sohoola


apoL


aoRtcLaoe


aohooa


haeo


stat


P. .


All


tho


State


DSrD


Apialo-


tare


everX


ohaool


ahoIld


are


a state


an'


tablo


aIlt.


pgme


Ofrl


lor


both


rotupS


ofaoo]l.


Ito*


rea


ildi-


eate


tI LA1


mlhoosl


bar 6


8**t4


oC Tsble


JLL.,


poe


,Te


tan


*oo re


one


for


both


6?oLps


oola.


emild


lead


also


bid.


perohaU


for


toary


higb


ahools01


b8on


Abools


ouwht


this


aid


thou


Bson


the


otag oountis of


state


doLog.


Its Iof


Sblo JU,.


page


gLte u


4Lan


Boore


for


OSBh


noap of


school


2&A J


mO o


IldaLoate


that


all


SO0-


fth


* l6


ite


ome- it


KOi









4a01'


this


ptA


twsXt.


table


JL1,.


give


thu


ana


Oore


two


oup


0ooLa


Oaly


to 6


pr


ent


the


-ohoo


MVTe


Oare


ut.


P of


SIL.


ian


1s-O


moor.


xroap


Mar:ms.


fltoS aAf


Sere


oln"


toe


*Ity


*oaola


*.b,.O d.


XZ' .


WEs


96, fI ves


dlan


more


on0


ifor


fOapO


hOl.X


All


sohoorl


Mre


Wro


aohol


-o '


a prtfeot


ort e


o@ O.


All


sohoole


Ve a


perfeo


nor.


for


tbhe


total


iea


soon0


for


00o


oohools


easty


out


a mooible


two


bhudl


it'y,


and


the


han.'l


huakted


fifty-fio


oat


s pemlble


hurd Mr


fifty.


Th


d tffloee


teo


total


*oore


for


the


two


nroaps


fmoooumte


tl u.


ma


uader


school


ptous.


and


b .o ,;


*.bO,4d.


lmA l


batlAiL,


and


L-em ,


acd


if uder


seat


Linfor tl on


ns8art


H*o-a


-l


hool


t h


en


th&L


ohept r


wUll


Sre.


o0 Lf


La.


tor


emh


***


a.bod:


* Aft




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