Group Title: Plain talk about Florida : for homes and investments
Title: Plain talk about Florida
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 Material Information
Title: Plain talk about Florida for homes and investments
Physical Description: 2 v. 23 cm. : ;
Language: English
Creator: Macdonald, John A
Publisher: J. A. Macdonald
Place of Publication: Eustis Fla
Publication Date: 1883
Subject: Real property -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Description and travel -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Statement of Responsibility: by J. A. Macdonald.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00055743
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000126544
oclc - 40077858
notis - AAP2525

Full Text




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Talk will be


to acknowledge


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so if

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lands in

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cities nea
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amount of writing to ny correspondents, and talking to my cus-
tomers who call upon me, I have dededto embod such por-
tions of my own eperk. ascan be written from the imperfect
*data at hand, and from memo4, in a ok for general circuatb.
The reader will please paldon any seemdg egotism displayed; he will find
the facts set out true, or if not exact, they are at least not exaggerated or
distorted, with a view to deeive.
In giving the names and Pot Oice o the pens mentioned, I aim to -
put into the hands of all who desire to pursue the inquiry, the. mans of
Sacrtaining the exact truth and value as the statements niade,by reahing p.
the persons and paopelar mentioned.
e would not pernidt me ask the privilege of using the names of
Smy clients in this matter, but Mag peranally well acquainted
with moaet of them, I have taken this brty, believing that there are none
who would re.use to allow their rames ued in a cume so good as this.
To all my ,ient I ld b e to ay, that my purpo e a to give n
I g the most convincing timoy to wht has en done, and what can be
done in Florida, by rich or poor, who come to our mate with willing hands,
a frugal mind, and pfenei prp oe.
The or ma by my craen re of their own making ; they wa e
me not ing;y e they me all I s for my hands, ora my advice, arad I do
at wih anyone to think that I ly sy claim stla them, or that they
ui T"o any obligations Io me On tohe ntrmy, I am indebted to my

|i~for' sy own ll11e a th onfidenc in. my judgment has
n tiTn my tbhiness, and aotiO ce a be peu t undone, by me that
Snt:o to hold titd hh o pree who doee l iurpet ot my sitthlrs; to them

a scrtaii otmded be c t ut oa ae of the to the womsd, they may
f^tlw wouh e t paetnt a lm-y any ie p iv, arn th t a e on
* iS.J'.iat4'^ my. buiness. an nothin -im emA-* be lef undone ob mer' that* ^** '*

~ r M~'. Ms -

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rich or poor, have succeeded, and can succeed in Florida, and that there is
no gopd reason why anyone who comes pr advised should fail, except
for reasons peculiarly his own, and not blamale on larid. but also to
show that persons advised by me have invariably done well.
The object then is twofold, first, to induce people to invest in South
Florida, and make homes amongst us, earn fortunes for themselves, and
enhance the value of? our property, and the pleasures of living here, by the
increase of population and wealth, and the improvement of society; 'and
secondly, to increase my own business and convince my correspondents
that it is safest to act on the judgment of one who has had a long-and suc-
cessful career in making homes and investments for others, as well as for
As this will be simply a part of the history of my own land transactions
in Florida, it may be well to begin at the beginning and tell who I am,
where I came from, and where I lived before going South; this will help
answer the oft-repeated query, cnh a Northern man live in Florida? "


I am a native of Canada, where my grandfathers settled in 1828; after
20o years in the British army, in India, South Africa, South America.
Ceylon, and the Continental wars, including Waterloo; they were both born
in a country nearly as cold and inhospitable as Norway. Canada was a
singular choice, having lived in mild climates the best part of their lives.
Several years of my boyhood were spent in the City of Rochester. N. .,
and at the age of fourteen my parents returned to Canada, where they
owned a tract of wild land; this I helped to clear for a farm, but spent
much of my time in the wild, uninhabited north woods, and at sixteen de7
cided to become a surveyor. I mastered sufficient of the rudiments to en-
able me to locate the lands and extend the lines over the unsurveyed town-
ships, by protracting the lines of those already surveyed, and nearly
correct that when surveyed officially, it did not vary enough to b. noticed;
this was done with no other instrument than what I made myself, and a
mere boy, I located dozens of families on homes in advance of the Gov-
ernment surveys. Many of the old settlers in the townships of Digby

and Dalton remember how the ingenuity of a boy enabled them to
their homes.
I then followed the Crown land survey for three winters, till I
that my knowledge would be enough to start me on'my own acMoua
new country, and I naturally looked to the Geat Wet," of which
read and beard so miuck
twenty, robust, active, expert as a wo6dusdn at bee k i* bWC
on now shoes, I was nc ot IA fiodinempkotx^ at Iin
rnt ^wr, 11 r tn iiw Utn. T^ -n^J^.n.. *haa m hi r in ^


tip a.



time was spaet in exploring the woods of Northern Wisconsin and North-
ern Michigan, locating State and Government lands. My wages were ten
dollars per day and expena My employers bought what I recommended,
and no fault ha been found to this day. In the woods, by the camp fire,
I studied German and French, and acquire sufficient of these languages
to. settle many families of these nationalities on homes in the West-
people who could not speak English.
Hard work and .exposure in those cold latitudes caused me to become
alarmed at the condition of my lungs, and I decided to seek a milder climate;
so in the summer of 1866, my attention was .directed to Missouri, and
also to Florida. In the agricultural report, a letter by L. D. Stickney, of
St. Augustine (the bkt ever written on the subject), inclined me to prefer
Fldrida, but I went to Missouri where the climate was even more disagree-
able than Wisconsin, and gave me a severe attack of bronchitis ; returning
in the winter of '76 and '77. I read a paragraph in the New York Tribune,

written by Horace Greeley, advising consumptives to go to Florida,
decided my course.
Leaving home with a fixed purpose to go South until I reached
where snow was never seen, or below the snow line." my journey
in Orange County. Florida.
This sketch of my career is given to show my friends that my
was spent in pursuits well calculated to prepare me for practical
exploring, surveying and mapping Florida, and I found myself i

and this

xd a land
ey ended

early life
work in
in an en-

tirely undeveloped land, a country as well adapted to my tastes as I was
to understand and develop its resources.
On landing at Old Fort Mellon, on the south shore of the Lake Munro,
the only, sign of civilization was the small store building of Doyle &
Brantly, who had a short time before commenced a merycqtile business.
They were southern men, and had no conception of the possibilities I had
in view. They had been satisfied with the old system of slavery; now that
it was destroyed, looked forward to the future with the most gloomy fore-
bodings. A walk of less then two miles brought me to the celebrated
Speer Orange grove, then twenty-five years old. The public road runs
through the groves, and the trees were loaded with fruit and nearly all in
bloom. I had seea many new and interesting things on my journey, but
ths capped the cHimx. My Oenrwf w k& twyage, a Mr. Husband of
Phbidelphia, was thrown into ecstasies and the ilght of an orange grove
ih a hji ory of golden fruit and snowy bloumn, filling the air with its
iMrI t amel and delicate ertmum. cantrated me comoletelv and



was if they could only see these things, and forthwith uet about devising
means to let them know it .I L
Travellers ad gqpg ues bad all pured Flrida a laqd a of swtmps
and aliators, of Indians apd ptiletia marshes, and I kiew that ninety-
nine hundredths of the. ppop of the United States and Canada knew as
little, or less about what Flori.a really was, than I did myself before com-
ing to see.
My worldly possesMone did not amount to' over a thousanad dollars, in
lands in Wisconsin. My wife and baby were two thousand miles from me
and I had but a few dollars in money. Although I had expected to find a
poor country to make money in, no one can now realize how poor Florida
was at that time. In a tramp of a few miles we called at three habitations
of the rudest kind, and found that not a mouthful o(food could be pur-
chased from any one of them, and that they had absolutely nothing to eat
but Palmetto; and when tired and hungry at night, we found shelter and
a wholesome and palatable meal of sweet potatoes and stewed beef, at the
house of a good old citizen, the late Daniel Hartly, near Fort Reed, we
were grateful, indeed.
Early next morning we were awakened by the popping of cow whips,
the lowing of cattle, and the song of the cowboy. The Moft, bahpy air,
the waving banana leaves, the strange and beautiful foliage and flowers, were
so absorbinglyinteresting, that it seemed like a glorious resm, from which
I feared I might awaken, and find myself amongst the snowhaden and Ice-
bound forests of Wisconsin, Whence I had escaped but tWo weeks befqe.
Mr. Husband was at one. time a carpenter, but had studied law, was
admitted, and had married a grand-daughter of Robert Morris, of Rev
olutionary fame, and of course had taken upon himself very aristocratic
notions. His object in coming to Flbrida was to establish himself ad
family on a princely orange plantation, realize a milltk a year, and expect*
ed thi for a small outlay and in an incredibly short spam of tlMe. Finding
that my'profesado was surveying and that I was famiiLa with the public
surveys, he cultivated my acquaintanc, and notwithstadig the absurdity
of his notions of American nobility," founded upon the ancestry o his
wife, he was avery agreeable gentleman. My former wxp*ri. as a pio-
neer on a farm in Canada and in the western wilds wr my usdl now,
and we soda construtted a cam hIn a few wedsBavt &,t sdsct.edaid
surveyed our homesteads, t a hoUs b6.l4 Ior b.. My thbut nohSs
-oon dsapperad underthe bel$sll(^uKX ooth n
and Icould do uo mm of timbet, that bM^ to ilty. tdlp 6f ttt *&f.^ 1
endttr2.o PflUMMoi dttnB~il S ;

work in the sun all day long, till at length I took a attack of mld inter-
mittentfever; a good native neighbor gave me adose'of cate and a few
does d quinine, and in three days I was wd again, and for five years
afterwards I never was sick a day; the short ilnes 1 had was due to my
indiscretion in doing more than I had ever attempted to do before even in
cold climates.
During my first three years a living could not be made at my trade
entirely, so the only thing left was to do any and every kind of work that
would bring in a dollar.


A considerable portii

an of my first ye

South Florida, locating homesteads for
government gave every head of a fam
few of the people knew this, and many
lived on, so surveyingprivate lands
people, with few exceptions, were very
were gloomy, indeed. I knew that the
notice and attract immigration, but fec
faith in either the people or the lands o

ar was spent in
the squatters.
ily 8o acreq free

hard marches over
The United States
, and I found that

rdid not care to own the land they
was, not a lucrative business. The
poor, and the prospects sometimes
country must eventually come into
v of our northern people had any
f the South. Westward, Ho! was

the cry, and if any one said a word in favor of Fpidq as a place to seek
homes, they were bounded down by the paid and unscrupulous newspaper
correspondents, who were in the interest of western land speculators and
Having no money to advertise Florida, and not being able to travel and
talk for it, my only resource was to write for northern papers whose editors
were fair minded enough to publish my letters. In a short time after my
arrival, letters of inquiry came in such numbers that my mail amounted
to more than that of all the other inhabitants of Orange Co. This was
the etaering wedge, and from this commenced, in 1867, the tide of immi-
gration which has since swept over the entire county, and made it the
banpur county of the State. It took nearly two years to get the first few
settlers. In twelve monthss from the day we arrived, my friend Hus-
band had expended his last dollar, and a legacy then inherited by his wife
coming to hand, he went back to Pilqdephia; then I was the only
northern settler since the war in Oraage county. It looked blue, but I had
Stq stay. I had made some experimet and epended nearly my
hik capital. but brought my family, tad, like Cortes, burned my sbi,
.sot* yroi back was not to be taught of; I never woud saow
arpL MisbOoestead did ot quit wq dter I had toted over the

"se. nnib tfiu he mw ta! Wa ougt a
bd~amitn' ttf rtauf lasd ohi tbm Ksthac t asa uv the great

great disappointn
hundred dollars,
would not grow.
it is not a health3
were taken sick
soon overgrown


we found that .the seed cane, for which we paid one

was spoiled from exposure before
Lake Apopka is surrounded by
, place for a home on its banks.
with chills. A grove planted
by weeds and vines if not contil

trees required constant work. M
had failed on account of my own

y money was' all

it was md to me, and
a rich belt of land and
so my wife aid child
on new humntock is
nually cultivated. My
gone, and al my crops

inexperience with the'i ducts of the


my pro
while w
funds to

came the trying |
party, few needed
but a benevolent
'e were seriously
go back, and a

down where he lived. .I
out West, "' It is healthy
paid no attention to him,
our house stood it must
next week we moved, ho
Florida where a summer
are large areas where In
from my subject: all the
to settlers or homeseeke
begin by saying that the
my "homestead of 80o

period of my Florit

da pioneering.

No one wanted

ed my. services, not a northern family in the
t old settler, E. S. Dann, came along by my house
y discussing the propriety of sending home for
advised me to leave that "sickly place" and go
told him we had heard before of the old saying
at my place. but fearful sickly down yonder," and
believing that on the beautiful high ground where
be "as healthy as anywhere in" Florida." The
ever, and soon learned that there are spots in
residence will insure chills or fevers, while there

alarial diseases are unknown

n. f But I am trying

se questions of health and every other of interest
rs will be fully discussed hereafter, and I will
first tract of land selected by me in Florida was


In three years fro,
'has resided on it e
muck bed, which I
enormous crops of
or fourteen years.
haustible fertility, ai
Mr. Tanner was u
in trade. went.there
least ,o,ooo.oo. II
plans, which could I
place would be wor
band, and a few yea

m that time I mold it for $5oo.o to Miles Tanner, who
ver since. It was an excellent location, having a large
drained and partly cleared. This land has produced
different kinds; two to four crops a year, for thirteen
The muck is leaf mould, several feet deep. of inex-
nd valuable to apply to the higher lands as a fertilizer.
I poor man; bought the property- partly on time, and
with a large family, and to-day the farm is worth at
f I had remained there and carried out my original
have been done with my own labor and rothe
th i1oomooo. The next se ectia was for J. Laus*-
irs ago it was begkt for a few hbmAMd 4oli~ppr-

hap- three or four, and mow it is worth as many ithw Muk
The next location was my place on the shore of Lihe Apopt.
is now. known u Lavd's Lu". t Wf

at what
Rlli, -

.-t- -



steadily, advanced, year after year, ever since. It is now worth $soo.oo per
acre, by the regular increase in value'of the ianf, with no improvements.
I purchased a claim from a colond man at what is now known as
Apopka City, of high pine land, which I sold in 1868 for one hundred dol-
lars (16oacres)< Three years afterward, part of that tract sold at ten dol-
lars per tcre; seven years afte, part sold at twenty dollars per acre, and.
now that and adjoining land is selling at from fifty dollars per acre,
One of my objects in publishing this paper is to show, beyond possi-
bility of contradiction, that the so called boom in Florida is not an ex-
citement or evanescent thing of yesterday and to-day, which may collapse
tq-morrow, like many Dakota booms manufactured for the occasion, but
that the great advance in values of wild lands in Florida has been steady
and almost uniform, from year to year, ever since the date when northern
people first had their attention -turned to Orange County through my
efforts, and that no property that was ever selected or purchased by me,
for myself or for any other person, failed to prove profitable as an invest-
The business qf selecting lands in Florida is and has been altogether

different from the same calling in other countries
Florida I was first called upon to find people who

; and in peopling 'South
could be induced to set-

tie or make investments in a country, and follow pursuit which they had
never thought of, knew nothing about, and in which their own judgment
or experience took no part, relying wholly on my judgment and promises
as to what would be the general result. In'other words, I not only haf to
select the location, but had to select the State and the business they were
to follow for the remainder of their lives.

In the West I was
required mypservices
me to locate, and all

employed by men who knew what they wanted, and
only to find the timber soils or minerals they directed
they held me ahountable for was correctness of my

reports in letting them know what lands to buy.
In Florida, I had to undertake to' induce thousands of people to break
up old associations, leave callings in which they had been brought up, and
entirely alter the wholecourse of their lives, go to a climate different, en-
gage in avocations of which they had not the remotest idea, and do this in
the face of the most ignorant and obstinate opposition by people of the
coW countries, who have, as a rule, no knowledge oC mild climates, and no
one ai plain why, have conceived and nursed for ages the most ludic-
rous .noticns of .noxious. insects, venotnous reptiles, cavernous mouthed
crocdl savage, fevers, plagues and burning ans, perhaps based on
the absrd 1 of travellem, wbrteKight to magnify their own adven-
turn in warp climate, Sn.pabHish acting narratives without any regard
.1h .4; .
lt*A h d b tt zoftrdiI with in apf early cdnrspomdenoe, and how
*i~q9tMsuak panM wb ,lw^ AfterW Sya o(* ciareAl corespond-
^^^B u '4

ence with a good family, whom I suppoud wer aU rdy 'boeD, some
aimless simpleton would publish a tate of lam4 ians, depredats by alli-
gators, or other foolish stories, and cate me to write a dozen more four
page letters to meet and upset the mew objections qf my correspoodts.
But I digress again, and my readers will bear with me when I get away
from my subject, for these reminiscences briMg. p all my eel struagles,
so that -could talk a month and not say all that I would like to tell on a
subject so dear to me.
How my hopes were buoyed up, in 1868, when Col. B. F. Whitner,
an old North Florida planter, decided to lege North Florida, where the-
sub-tropical fruits could not be grown successfully, and come down to
Orange County to plant a large orange grove. He had secured a;" Yankeq "
to furnish capital and he the experience, and to divide equally. He
bought the property on which I slept the first night .in Orange County,
at about S65o (I to acres), a beautiful spot, and commenced work. The
place is now one of the finest in Florida. A part of the gr6ve sold some
five or six years ago for a large sum, nearly twenty thousand dollars, and
the whole grove laid out and managed for several years by Col.'Whitner,
now belongs to several owners, and could not all be bought for a hun-

dred thousand
The land is
tillable without
been made by
want to go aw
preferred land
as much in a
expense or lal
and where the

pine, and classed as third rate,
t draining, and not near so goo<
going a little further; but the '
'ay from transportation. If Col.
twenty-five miles away, where

" not high enough to be all
d a loatio as could have
'Yankee" partner did not
Whitner had his choice, he
he cauld accomplish twice

given time, and where transportation came long before it was

that is
fruit t

A few years after
another grove south
fine tract of this class

higher, more picturesque, and where .there was little
preparation needed, such as grubbing and ditching,
rees would thrive much better.
Col. Whitner settled in u ge County, he planted
of LakeJessup, oa hbl hummock, an exceptionally
s of land, and there his heirs now have a met magni-

ficent property, which, if it has continued to thrive as when 1 saw it last,
must now be worth at least fifty thousand dollars, and paying from five
to ten thousand dollars per annum in fruit. This is what one old gentle-
man, who was composed of good material, did for his anilly during the
latter years of a long and useful li. *
I could enumerate a hundred such cases as this, where a man or woman
6( means took irito partnership a good, reliable, industrious man, giving
him half. and- furnishing all .the money jneded to buy the land t,.

plant, etc., and hire labor, as well as all lidv.g w andi-n {act, re-
quire nothing of the resident pener but bh Ikifl al such labor asu be
could perform, and both pow rich out of the nuactbos. But the torld
no longer doubts the success of frul,1 ptku' Pdj .da. plu. .musyIfr




I migt m'euiml 'bundf6 of locatfds k by mi up to 186& but.dwr-
ing that ycarthth i 'M atm of im-o commenced to set in-a
very atteniited tifieand bmehne g ou 'only fw localities. At
this period ift *eemtd by most odLse;tera that orage.grqves. could
not be grow' very profitably on bany land bt umnmock, and that wild
orange groves budded were the at pfis nibr of orange lands; but people
had been experimmntlng, and many had Idided before 187o that high,
poor, pine land, properly fertilized and planted in young swelling trees,
was pefrable, aind thest the era of settling the "pine land" for homnes-
and groves began.

In r870 General Sanford purchased the Levy ,Grant
on the south shore of Lake Munrb. This was our first

from.that day commenced our growth.
he has done more for Florida than any
named the town of Sanford, expended

He was a great
other man living
$1,coo in building

" (12z,ooo actres),
"capitalist," and
boon to us, and
. I planned and
i'the first road to

it, was Gen'l Sanford's agent, and sold the first lots for him. A short
time before he bought, a 'friend and myself bought 8o acres of the best land
on the ract at lio per acre. This was the first unimproved land, to my
knowledge, that had ever been sold in Orange County at so high a price,
and people thought itrpreposterous. After Sanford's purchase, I bought
from him 80 acres at $25, and this was considered a very wild transaction,
indeed, on mypart. In less than eighteen months I sold part of the latter
purchase to Seth French, late commissioner of emigration, at $boo per acre.
In four years I refused too per acre for part of what I had .bought at ten,

and now,'ten years afterward, I have no doubt it is worth $300 per ap-e.
This is all for unimproved land. And now I desire to call attention tdthe
fact that this grat advance in 'price and ready sale was, ten and twelve
years ago, and there has been a steady advance down to the present day,
beca6* when I write to one Mf my correspondents that land has advanced
from $ip per acre three years ago tq $2o0 now, they are ineNited to look
upon this QgO advance as omnething that'has never happened kfore and
that may neappen again; but ) will prove that no good location in
South Florida has failed to increase ii value just proportion to the num-
ber of good northern MPople who settle there; and it s a .certainty that can
be relied up that o5t caf take any mileksquir dlhih .land, that is sur-
rounded by availablEiand for some distance, at Gomnment price, place
one hundred famalildgflhe'class coii~g to our State upon it, and the land
is wfltn-avet ,e'roo p acre; aid It there is something specially.
,pia sutif .ila kes r ope ttracv country, mush o-
the hiejvfl ibllM dobUe or treblcehat pr4..&, n it bs n ot mcnwea
to b" i i'ttMt Httlan, o even ,t a dys drive oit, as
# W4S t4: -- .P -, Z
*^ A~ ^ ^ ^ p -^^ w-<^ "^^ ^r -r' ^^ .r "-1*" aty-

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(I g


as good land in the same county evey day at I
sell for just as much as at Bartow when a few
At Maitland, C. C. Beasley took a homestt
years ago, and five years ago part ofit.sold at
A short time before Mr. Beasley took this

the one adjoining
sider it of much i
by Mr. Beasley, a
place was. simply
others lying vaca
had at a nominal

ts ,s are, hnd that
a dli* t 6* near it.
ad of land

honmstad, I ulscteddt



for Major Randolph, of New Orleans, but he did uat con-
importance, anM deferred entering the 4nd till it was taken
nd still Mr. Randolph did not express say regrets f the
a high Black Jack and Pine location like a thousand
nt at the time and hundreds that are still vacant, or CU be
price, and will bN equally valuable when the inevitable

settlement of South Florida moves on
A short time after this Maitland homr

over them.
iestead ias taken, I published a map

which attracted some attention, and a Mr. Galbraith of New Haven, in
making a tour of our State, met me. Finding that I was familiar with
nearly all parts of Florida he.was interested in my conversation, and I in-
duced him to take a trip over some of the wild lands in the interior of the
county. The wealthy people who visited Florida in those days merely
made the tour of the St. John's River, and went back knowing nothing what-
ever of the beautiful interior portions, and I saw that a break must be made
so as to attract them inland, where they supposed it was all a swamp. Mr.
Galbraith was delighted, and introduced me to Geo. 1. HtMOao, who was
spending a season at Green Cove Springs, and I unfoidd to him the
beauties of Orange County so well that he agreed to return next fsltf
and purchase land for a home. He came and met me in Jacksonville, but it
was imprActicable for me to go with him to show him the country ; so he
went up to Orange County and met a land agent, who took him to
Maitland, where then nearly all the land was vacant; he bought a claim.

His friend John Bigelow followed., and from this started the Maldand
"* boom," and'hence the beautiful propertyknown as the Bipelow Place.
This attracted others, and thus a mere chance shot, two hbudreld miles
from home, started the nucleus of one of the thriving places; a day's
journey from transportation. But this was not all that my work away
from home did for Maitland. Some time in S87o, I was boarding at Mra.


house, in Jacksonville, Florida, and in a conversation, dwelling on

the healing properties of.South Florida's climate, I attracted the attention
of a lady, Miss Cook, who was so much pleased with my description, that
she decided to take my advice and aindce her nephew, who was afflicted
with asthma, to come to Florida; b wa ths a pynuasm's clerk on a
sloop of warin Rio Janeiro, I located a hoeead for ber, and her purpose
was to have this nephew come, occupy. it, andtmake am brage,grove. The
ntpbew came. but nAnd h aould buy opam a saiv a place partly im-
proved, and )',lBrst toe r- clalt and mettd o the iaqov
placenear uikktA Ia erwnwd ww.,d1 a bm rid rtw ai n the

made a joint grove, and this commencement, made away out in

has pil
and hb

the pine

of Orange County twelve years ago; by an invalid young man who
before had performed a day's physical labor, and whose available
were only a few hundred dollars, has done more for the Maitland
, perhaps, than that of any other man; this is E. S. Kedney, Esq.,
indefatigable industry, and whose intelligent use of limited resources,
aced him among the most successful men of our State. His practical
ence has been given in his letters. They have been read by thousands,
ave done much for the cause of immigration. He is a gentleman of
lerable scientific attainments, and has made several valuable orange

groves for

About t
of course,
family on

was ap

himself, and -as


for others, and

is worth

these days, 1870, the Florida boom had assumed proportions, and,
my time was occupied. No day passed that I did not settle a
a home, and I was making at least ten thousand dollars per

Florida Improvement Company was organized in New York, and I
pointed their confidential agent to select i,ooo,ooo acres of State

lands. A contract was made with the Board of Internal
ten cents per acre, to be paid for in the coupon bonds of
before the war. The Company was bound to take all
quarter township if they took any in the township, and,


Improvement at
the.State, issued
the lands in any
in fact. it was a

stupid bargain on the part of the Company. As a practical land man
Sdid not want worthless land at any price, I would much prefer to pay
5 per acre, and take apy forty acre lot I wanted. But notwithstanding
the State really had the best of the bargain, as the Company was
ged in with a condition to put a family on every 320 acre. tract, a
Vose, a large bondholder against. the State, procured a decree in the
ted States Court, setting aside the contract, and an order against the
ipany to reconvey to the State.
'he Company had, in the meantime, expended about $1oo,ooo in adver-
it and sending immigrants, and had paid me $2,5oo in cash (and notes

in Pol
all of
of On


paid), for over 4ooo for



actions. I then urged upon the

my the propriety of paying the regular price for the land, secur-
unconditional deed, and selecting about apres of the best and
zing it. This thiy would not do, and they lost all. Had they
;qy advice I had selected all the Internal Improvement lands
k, Sumter, Orange, Volusia and choice tracts of State land in
these and other Counties. This property' to-day, without any
on their part, would be worth at least s4,ooo,ooo. It would em-
the fine locations on the lakes around Orlando, all the present site
fnge City, and the Big Deadening in the Pease Creek Valley, and
other finree tracts now worth- from o10 to $5oo pet acre. These

lands were afterward entered by diMffrct prtics, and ham been steadily in-


creasing in value yar by year ever since. o of th lad soid the at
$1.25. in a year sold Vt 5mno, in three yearsat $o.oo; in five years at $to;
and now it is selling at the prices mentioned above, the prke depending on
beauty of location ant the number of people in ar given radius. Making
money now plentifully for a young man, I spared no eqpnse in securing
settlers or attracting attention to Orange County, and although myrown
individual interests were somewhat. neglected, .I travelled everywhere
through our country and brought a stream of people to South Florida.
There were land'agents enough to offer property for sale when they came,
but it was my mission to bring the people.
The advertising done by the Company was very beneficial, as it was the
first-attempt at anything like Western land bustesl ever known in Florida,
and it attracted thousands; but, like all'such speculative enterprises, it was
managed by men who knew nothing about Florida. and exaggeration and
misrepresentation crept into all their publications, and I was permitted
to do nothing except select the land, and like the present Diston and
Okeechobee land schemes, hundreds went home disgusted, because they
found nothing as represented.
My belief has always been that Florida is good enough as it really is,
without claiming any more for it than can be verified:


to sel

vas on the -steamer going down

the St. John's, on my way north, In

when I met a gentleman and lady from Stcubenvflle, Ohio, who had
to Orange County, having read some favorable accounts of it, but
were going back dissatisfied, because they had failed to find what
wanted. They had met one of the land agents who always spring up
I activity in settlement of a new country begins, and he had attenipted
II them a small and really valuelesfplace for the snug sum of S6.c '
chk alir dv indmtrie told them that there'was no government hi
h having, and that there was no use in going artber as all the valu-

able land was in private hands, and of course I
Florida. Everybody they met wanted to dl A id
terously high prices, or had such poor property,
many others, had decided to return home. I got
them and satisaed tem t tat they ha be base
could find a spot beautiful and rtln, iist what th
and their Mfrimd could fin all th land they ee
than an'y they had ee ad o which they could

It wa th. po!cr O 6Ci "a l lan sha'
mlsrreuatsd ; iad. i to kla thet
cannot be nhiritssr,~I J uk it 'i.

and uhrkfci TUPlCha iM t^-ft IS

"in th

they eren driven out of
all aU such piceo
that th people,
inato ,ctiana wit
dee au d that I
ey wanted, hepa tbet

ite as te homestui.
t or~tftdjfrtc sowi

- F -



attention to cheap lands and give my clients the full benefit of any rise in
value that can cnme. o

This system of land iudsiesy requires some
amine the lands, and then to contend against the
land interests of those who wanted tO sell. In c
been a land agent at air till within the last two or
before sold half a dozen places on commission.
give advice to the new comer, h6me seeker or
that service, and when the Governmeatt land is a
t is still my purpose to continue selecting .for
cheapest lands to be had from private owners.
clientss who acted on my advice has been, that th
ne in ten minutes about where it was best to sel
>y many months of travel through Florida.

hard work. First, to ex-
whole combineil private
tther words, I have never
three years, having neven
My business has been to
investor, and get pay for
If t1ken, as it soon will be,
my clients the best aad
The experience of all my
ey could learn more from
title, than they could learn


No stranger in our State can depend on his own judgment, and it cer-
tainly is not well to depend on the honesty of any of the newly fledged land
agents, who have done nothing to show that their judgment is worth a
button, only as they try to steal around in my tracks and pick up th% fruit
hat I have shaken from the tree. Many of my coprespondents, who, after
wrting to me for years, at tist deie to come, on the way are picked up
y these sharks and made to pay dearly for their whistle. It is true, that
uter they have corresponded with me for a long time they have learned
y things that make it less easy to swindle them now than it was for-
merly, when Florida was new; for example, they go far,enough South ; as a
rule, they avoid hummocls; they ag, overned by my advice in most
things, but have not the firmness to run the gauntlet of sharks and reach
me, and if not induced to buy property of no value whatever, as many
have dote, they invariably pay more for what they do get, and do not get
as good. a. If they would come direct to me.
No matter how good thE property offered, or how plausible the story
told, it is almost a duty to me, as well as certainly a duty to themselves, for
my cortespondtnts to come to me before they locate. All the property for
sale ina this region is offered tb me as agent, at. oe time or another. I am
familiar with it all; know its advantage and disadvantages, and will with-
out any tiMto tell gas my frietd.s,what i is worth. no matter who

has it feort; I wtl nsbe Influenced by any mcd
an usbiaid udnemi, atd advise my fiends for 4
One ef 4u or fpt couA a cvd Ivep^
coae rt iiktto bc b He 8i5 a
moe.t *dmet pk*,; auh p h ea&re

taary motives, but give
.r own best interests.
S6edays ago, had he
lpl .but he paid
Somy own cor-

. qt

hear of those who drop out on the way, and invariably they regret it. I am
not so annoyed when they get god property, because, all such property
11ll in time redeem them,- no matter if they do pay too much at first, as
there is no case known to- me.where a tract of high pine land in South
Florida, in a healthy, picturesque locality, aid where there is plenty more
of the same kind, ever sold at a ross, no matter how high the price paid at
first, provided subsequent expenditures on the property were judiciously
.' But. to come back to the lady of Steubenville, whom I brought back to
Orange County, it was Mrs. Weiser, who has ever since resided at Island
Lake, and has raised three groves of over one thousand trees each, all in
bearing now, and has induced perhaps twenty or thirty other persons to
become interested in Orange County, while they and their friends paid me
about $3,000 for land and services.


A few days ago I
estate firm there, to
that the senior mem
and said he would n
travelling over our
Macdonald induced
fore they re yhed m
cases of this kind, as
been instrumental ii

homes in our State,
who are satisfied an
they came, or give r
mall fee made in

was at Bartow, in Polk County, and called upon a real
talk land matters, and was net at all surprised to find
iber, Col. Snoddy. was one of my old correspondents.
lever have seen Florida had it not been for me. In
State I meet every day men who are glad to say that
them to come to Florida, but were induced to buy be-
e. I hope my friends will bear with me when I mention
I naturally feel a species of pride in knowing that I have
n not only settling hundreds and thousands of people on
but have been the means of causing so many to come
d have done well, although they did not find me when
it any opportunity to earn anything from them', as the
selecting a home for a family is not of near so much

importance to me as to have the gratitude of those
and have reached success.
I could go on and make a book of a thousand >

who took my advice

ages, telling you the

different persons who came here through my exertions, and I do not know
of one who has a fault to find, or will say that they would be better off if
they never knew me.
Up to 1875 my office was, wherever I could find material to work upon.
that I could bring to Florida. I lectured in my native town, Lindsay,
Canada. in 187o, and visited every town and city in the country nearly; was
continually writing letters, pnvate and for publication ; and speaking of my
native town, I can refer any of my clients to Hon. William McDonnell of
Lindsay, Ontario.
a- -

- C


Dr. Bishop, Mrs. Weiser, Bald.yesliagcr, Davis, and others, amount-
ing .to over a thousand acres t oran$g.tree, are now-flourieing. A noted
cse is that of Dr. J. N. Bishop; who was a resident of-Columbus, Missis-
sippi, and who entered into a correspondence with me whkif lasted some
time; at length he came and met a shark who too himrout\ in a buggy, to
show him around, but he had come ** to see Macdonald," and became dis-
gusted with the twaddle of the sharks jumped out of the buggy, left the
fellow in the woods. and found me. I had five or six others with me in a
wagon, and we all went out together. Dr. Bishop bought inside of an
hour, and being a gentleman of ample means he has developed" seventy-
five acres of as fine a grove as there is in 'Florida, The, doctor would
never have seen Orange County, were it ndt for me and'he has been in-
strunrental in bringing many others, .mongst them our esteemed towns-
man, Frank W. Savage, who has one of the most beautiful properties on the
peerless Crooked Lake at Eustis, formerly of Geneva, N. Y: Mr. Savage
claims that Florida has saved his life. He has brought to bear intelligent
industry, and has provenathat many things not successful heretofore can
be relied upon in Florida, for1 example, he has milk and butter for his
family all the year round. So now I claim the honor of having brought
these gentlemen to our county, and who will blame me for talking and
scribbling to accomplish such results. Some one must get good people
to come down here amongst-us; good neighbors make our property valu-
able, and make life here delightful, 4ad e long as I can Inaky any impres-
sion by my arguments, it is my purpose to continue settling Florida. Now,
speaking of Mr. Savage, here is another typical example of success. He
took a free'homestead that I selected for a young man in Steubenville,
Ohio, seven years ago. Sold some of it four years ago at $so per acre;
sold some two years ago at $17 percar., and oow lh could sell it all,. not
including the improvements, at. o per acre. So the man who takes
United States land at $1.25 per acre makes money on the rise when it
reaches $g or $to per acre, and the pan who buys well at $5 or $1o makes

money as rapidly wh he sells at o or 3o paer acre,.
buys at the latter price makes as mch and as easily
$54 or $oo per 'cre. The incre is steady, and
goveraed by the increase of population od or near it.

whib the man who
when- it advances to
sure, and is wholly
For instance, I in-

dub Wi. M. Stone, of Toledo, Ohio to enter a homestead on tbe shore
onAe tLake Dora, seven years qe Four eyrs afterwards I sold some
of *ih S thly dollars per acm to Mr. Hutchiuson, of E. Liverpool,
Olbkmsi-rivfw. the a. I ba twenty acres of tem homestead for
mysvsm t s pr carm Thi )ile lpe t.. aei' at five hundred llars
per "Mftt whftemr plx fl a wU3~ ar ibqturd; already a few Canl
-^ hwtbea^M Ai atat pris iS M~suat ea.r
Aa: imymtsIs rt4u .M the Qip City Corn-
S -



and qMy omm w u vauImP I.ov. gPr4S + I iuot rt

son ag PrP 9WJ'b k b *qtd t h i nthear
homcab ;: yg rqmwI -M in 1swa p.w ingwu~ww themri,
they .had. prdtio Amtny. r r in. fiuor of .ild ~+aV ,j vs bud-
ded, that t .wywnr, asthey wpp undly pi Mn favor
of vikL hupqmock groy ad, didto had S 4itM ~ o dbcce on.
In a talk a tebout. tw.hedn J cSibced them that they wer dCeved .,
* and fortunately they're .at g ood point .to aagoe tfr subj for :right

before thei ey wuas the 6f t old gove in i odd. cm pine JM
far (tmg re were Cevysal d4b .mock grove, that wert omi
leg3. .d them the. Hmpa .ptce on the ridge, ner Sai
a gnmetfrw4 hundred u wgittfieot trees. They wre abs
Orange Coety when they found me, ad ertainly would tlre
had I not taken esDecial mim to correct an erroneous ide

formed of our pide and. county. -
I pas not lling lands on commisioa and got oae in this
but I work as I had for yars t get people ta~ted a right,
up South Florida, knowing *at my reward would comb.


i, and not
their last
ford, nor eave
e doe so,
they d

d to build


The Freach Bros were tt fsttiqm of a number of other Wisconsin
men from their owvt and' adpbhik towns, and about two years aferwards
I'organied, aon hers b note, a company who botht 5,$ acres of
State land in Volosu Cadnty. for *hIch I raer you to the.ketter of John
E. StiDlman, published In ths ij~per.
Thorsang. City Cpiiby we a pand ccess, and every one of the
aine .ginm shares paid at leau& htMtdyofla to ach Sdlar iinrsted. I
sdd ayr sfor an advanwe of .o anext day after oik ing
ood pfi r onme day's watr. Abt 'the iMbes wis W d oi ng ahost the
eatirb'rkbibMuSesa d thb a nt rd hk aIstad cans all over the
State f sy ar iat, was ta tociuay
on thewig, either hfvouab PtobM e hi& states, workpg fo ou

(. +* .- O; *' \ *

ooi downed te at Mt
that a instchlastb.)bl

V :

'?7$ t3d m'l <^
: +' .

*- '


i further residence in cold latitudes; o in order toeas fr as poible, ouan-
eract the evil influece in North Florida. it tMa necessary to "berd
he ifon in his den," and I opened office on Bay Street,. Jacksonville.
here was at that .time a large body of beautiful pine land vacant in
est Orange, remote from transportation, and altogether uninhabited ex-
pt by a few natives, or settlers from the cotton States, who had no con-
ption of what could be done by an influx of 'Yankees. During that win-
r I located not less than two hundred families in South Florida, a major-
of them in Orage County: nearly all of them allowed me to select for
em without going to see the land till after the purchase or entry was
ade. I will mention a few of these people: this will be sufficient to prove
e truth of what I say, as all the others can be reached through those
mentioned. One cae quite remarkable is that of Wellington Bramhall,
Seneca Lake. He had travelled over Florida the Drecedinr season.

ted the climate, but could not find
s return, came into my office, and
mtage. I selected a home for hin
sit the Seneca settlement now can
at it was wisdom on his part to I
rAmhad's land, unimproved, is no
A. S. Pendry, of Rochester, N. Y
found considerably, and hot finding
hat he wanted: a place where
nail store, and a boarding house.
here the village of Eustis is now s
boarding house or hotel, as there

what he wanted. He heard of me on
told me to locate him to the best ad-
n, sent him to it, and anyone who will
see how sound was my judgment, and.
leave his location entirely to me. Mr.
w worth from $30 to $50 per acre.
., strayed into my office after looking
g anything to suit his means, explained
he coulW have a steamboat wharf, a

I ha

d been reset
d for some o0
no place suil

seekers to stop in the whole region, so I entered
for Mr. Pendry. Subsequently kFinduced C. A
go into partnership with him and build a rough
' Hotel" in all West Orange for four ycars. Pel
land attIo per acre; in two years he sold a few

lidden, of Albi

ion, N. Y., at $25 per acre, and now h<

ving the homestead
ne who would start
table for a party of
I this choice home-
. 'Pratt, of Albion, N.
house; this was the
ndry soon sold some
acres to Hon. Henry
e is well to do, worth

i least $25,000 from the rise in value of his land, and his orange grove'is
rorth $1o,aoo in addition. It certainly was a lucky stroke for him when
e depended on me to select for him.
About the same time two enterprising young gentlemen from Rome,
ra., but natives of Western New York, called at my office. They had
ome to Florida with their effects. Finding the expense of travelling quite
heavy, and bqhng anxious to locate without unnecessary delay, they decided
> let me locate them, and take the coamquences. I located them near the
resent site 4 Butis. They gaged in a general country store business
I once adt lough was miles to th nearet settr when they located,
hey soon bad a g-d businem tb-sepportd their families well, and
av n arnt smrM d ar AA Lk. Ilan I otInoanr them i2 wurth


mitb & CUalrd, who ar e now t b et tmac her county, doing a
lrge asd.hiswwiubri o
Some time befoulr s em the lat' p mumi.mii, I[u as 6 a
journey to Tamtibaee, to eSthr sount d fr our 1e. fased Se atorD
Geo. C. Bratly (a s--ectIo ulu tit, o(-- mli ss n beou-
ing to COpt. t. Cta e Abramtr, Ra hiMch there yea ar bedr toatvul
locations), and in the auua-ri. coach ibsa cwweiii.u ,i~- a gen-
tleman and his son who were oatA tketr way to.Taaia smlou lookl at
their country. Some scoundreld i JdJksosel hadt Sfvjisd thel .to go to
Leon County to plant semi-trpical fruits. Of camn, tky..foand, on ar-
riving there, that such things were not grmon In that latitude, and that it
was not in any respect the country they sought; so they decided to leave
the location to me entirely, and I selected two homesteads in West Oragei;
these are the Woodward Brothers, ad they, of course, would neved ha
found their present homes had they not adentlly met e. I those days
I had. to be around ad at work to d settlers for South Florida. Let me
mention a few of the attlers Orage County who would ever hae
been there wiboat my edrts ray from home, and whose success mlft
me proud that I we the humble means of bringing them to our lovd
South Florida.
Geo. E. Sawyer, of Sanfted, Onef the'mot valuable men of the county,
a commissioner under two admnistratos, ad eve active and liberal with
his time and money in ae as of tmigratbu showing up our resource,
has. made about ,ocooo with but a fr huIndrd dolars .est, and
it would be hard to estimate the number ofood ne be has induced to s
amongut us.
I located Mr. J. 0. Faber on a d's land and on aomesta
He had mean, but he is now 'oI over pyfoo. He bought EtLd at
(ro tea. years ago. Five yeat go he sold part of it, udimproved, at
about $;o, and now any of is d would be cheap at Laoo per ac*.
Aaron Cloud came to Oange ih sS-~. iA aged man, not through
influence, with no capital. He dipd l 1yar, levint property .l
Stoo,ooo. But itwit dire you if I go lyfrther in this strai,'
finish by saying that I can uldijea of men and worf w6o
cAme to So6th TFlb~da ittlet ~h ntt orn me
iardli, who are ow o In th rile intrli.$

mfll- b~ tfrip;^^^HB'lfl^H^-.iB^ Q B
-^^y^*ia~- S1f
9^^-^^ ^1
9 -Lijf--

put him on his fet EtMy Finga.o Massqchusett ow of Eustis, FL.,
came into my office n 876. I selected x6o aiqi for him. It wa sold a
few irmonths go for 6,p aUd t, week ago he applied to me to
my 1,200 acre of Usited.StatCs aud for hiLm, tving it entirely to me to"
Mr. King &h moipproed his !risti to the extent of S30oin
e six years. So the rise in valoe cleared him jqst S1,oo a yer. This
came in a lump, and is doing ell, for a new country. While it requires

apitai to begin with, and god
lars a year in the West, not
icttlers does it. The rverne is
uHt of ten whom I have located
maay have doubled or trebled,

luck aftetwards, to make a thousand dol-
pne moan out of a hundred "of the new
the rule in Smith Florida, and not one man
bhas failed to make 1z,oo a year, while
and a few quadrupled these results. Any

working man who has a sensible wife, or who has no wife, and is willing
to go a few miles from neighbors at first, and wait for them to come, and
will take 40o acres or more of government land, or will let me select ten
icres for him of private land, at (.o to $25 per acre, and who will plant
roo orange trees, a few lemons, limes, guavas, pineapples and other
fruits, and will not go beyond his means, can be independent in seven
years. But he must do as others have done who have succeeded, and I
can tell him in ten minutes what to do. but it would take a whole day to


ell what nt to do.


Some time in 187 I was foolish enough to rent a hotel, so I would have
a place for my settlers to come to, and there were so many deadheads that
I lost money on the hotel, but secured many good settlers for Orange
County. I had in my employ a young man from Boston, M. R. Clark.
He had a friend in Philadelphia, .an thought it would be a good thing
to bring him to Orange County. I tola Pim about the government landw
and he wrote the friend, and also sent him a copy of my published ma.
on which I had laid down a proposed railroad from the town of Sahford,
which I had just plotted on paper, to the county site. Mr.4park's friend
was E. W. Henk,.EsqL who pame. and saw, and was conquered; took a
homestead at what is now Lonnrwoo and afterward actualkr went North

without a dollar of capital d
had only the ability to predict.
rod in South i ida, and.

Procured means to build the road which I
So one of my settlers built the. first rail-
the be pyin railroad .in the State. I

have ibe corn~spy:s:c4 with Mr, Heack. How much go this one
mant has d. towa development of Ordage County would be hard
to atq My hiua at hotel kepizsg w~ fully made up by. this
heip to tbcOty. 4 i I ..e Col HEm Poter at Tallaharee
al kiJ cqor ld -aftwrds
karill atglto;vjM pl trilflhim. He did as
( th iat '1 atUt? .af hbutan e ame spl
.0~I o I t ac.d hai raided


'1 `~'-7r


since 1876 in our county, and is worth y30,000. Re has bit
friends to Orange County.
During.the years 87o, '71 and "72 I became acquainted
Trafford in Tallaha-ee, and I induced him to enter 40 acres
ment land, which I selected for him in Orange County, and
by conversation and letter, r induced him to come to our count
-in the bustn&ss of land surveying, of which there was more t
do. He came, and has gained a reputation as an engineer, si

made a
are not
a start i

oughtt many

with E. R.
of govern-
y to engage
han I could
irvevor, and

is general agent for the English company at Stnford. He has also
nice little fortune in the rise in value of wild land. If my readers
satisfied now that South Florida is a'good country in which to get
n the world, it would be useless for me to enumerate furtherin-

of suce
to the

cess. It is true we have no millionaires yet who made their
and that is the best feature in it, because it almost insures

When I look back and think over my work during the past 17 years,
and see the hundreds I induced to come here, and see how well they have
done, and then look over the dozens of intimate friends' who would not
come or even invest a few dollars, and who are now as poor, or may be
poorer than years ago, and still struggling with cold, snow, mud, and
disease, or who have died of complaints such as our climate woulf certainly
cure, I feel a sadness which'it is difficult to overcome; and I feel after all
that it was not my persuasion that brought people here, but that thip
country was ripe for development and the people of intelligence only took
their cue from me.


of promise
ness. The
to wade in
every day
stock, and
first sight,

is certainly, for the intelligent poor, and cultured invalid-a "land
." Our fruit culture is a tnteel and exceedingly lucrative busi-
coarse, robust, sturdy people, such as thousands who go out West,
mud and battle with cyclones, to work from daylight till dark
in the year, raise great quantities of hay and grain to feed the farm
do the heavy manual labor of our adtion,'d not like Florida on
and rarely remain when they come. Those who like Florida

best are more intellectual than animal ih their tastes and tendSicies.
Some of our most successful people were pro-esional men at home, or
were engaged in sbme ente or light trade or calling.
In a climate like ours, any lady can woik at the 'cultivation of an orange
grove, and not only supetend the wirk, but actdblly peorm all the labor
required to b rin one hundred orange trees into beaui; when this b
done, the owet i.s ,'o So and "' at .the with hg fer-
t ,oISee must

port them, but who, in a cold climate, have no prospects for more than a
mere living, and who could in Florida make a handsome fortune by de-
voting a few years to rearing an orange grove of a few hundred trees.
But aWay I go. again; this taper is intended to show the advantage of
making investments in unimproved lands, and the subject-orange growing
for profit or pleasure-will be fully discussed in a separate paper devoted
to our products.
Investments in land have one advantage, the owner need not even visit
the State to make money.

If he buy at government price, it certainly can never be any lower, and
there is an absolute certainty that the government land will soon be all
taken, and those who own it will not sell at less than (5 per acre; then I

shall make a specialty of selecting from private lands the be
for the amount at my disposal. What I am selecting now
acre I expect to buy again ih a year or two for other clients a
$2o per acre, and part of that again at higher prices. Here is
my system. I located A. S. Pendry seven years ago; he sold

st to be had
at $.5o per
t from $5 to
a sample of

- S a. .. S S U.

acres in a year at i1o per acre. I bought twenty acres ot this tor a client,
John S. Cothran, of Medina, N. Y., at *I,25o, two years ago, and a few
weeks ago I bought fifteen acres, the unimproved part at $1,8oo, and the last
purchaser will make as much on the rise in value in the next year as any
former purchaser. I bought for my correspondent, Frank G. Hawley, of
Westfield, Mass., five acres of Pendry's land two years ago at $50o per
acre, and now it is worth 4oo per acre, apart from the improvements. I
bought for him 40 acres of government land at $S.5o per acre, it is now
worth 20o. He sent a check for $50o to invest for him where it could be
turned over. I bought 40 acres of la of which I have sold one half at
K6oo, thus getting back the original investment, and the best half of the
land left, which will sell for not less than $I,ooo in less than a year.
Dr. F. M. Oakly, ot Ypsilanti, Mich., permitted me to buy for him 160
acres of land at 800; he planted a small grove of ten acres at an expense
of about 6oo. I then bought the place from him for another client, Frank

Adams, of Akron, Ohio, at 9(3mo. Dr. Oakly allowed me to reinVest part
of the money. I bought 16o aues of United States land for him for 24o0,
and bought it of him a short time go for Gibson Brothers, of Cincinnati,
for gl8o; the .doctor promptly notied me to rehvest in good land, as I
thought s So now he has mile square, nearly, or an investment of
240 les then r ag pe
Now, so e of thios wao do not tpow me or understand how this can
b, wla y : .Why do ,o o t an the money yourself ?" In the

rSn i e a in Sooth Fr lsan
'- ~a '
tientv^^w~ ^wd^^^ ^ a Wentam^^e ^^l& ~ ^*e^

nov1ipe tin ppe care in.,
it increase ian alue jWt in
hr, i|n a wem s uae tm a

amd until



influence will oAfenenbancsthe valie of langs around his property. byji
name alone more than other men of smail means would by actual rtli-
dence. It is by pensIent and imdeftlgaldorts in getting every one
possible interested as owner or sttlers, that we have so many friends of
Florida in every city, town and hamlet in North Amurica. and eeiy time
land changes handy it is divided into smaller tracts, mas of which are sure
to-be improved, and this is what enhances the value.
My system of development extends back to the first successful efforts
made after the war, and having selcted.good locations where there are
large bodies of good lant, where it i. healthy and free from insect pests, I
am enabled through my immense correspondence to buy for my clients.
divide up and buy for others from the first purchasers, and so on,.till It all
falls into the hands of people who hold it, or till it is divided into the

.. -n *--

lots that will

do for fruit growing,

five acres being .the ideal

"grove. -
In the neighborhood of Eustis and Mount Dpra three years ago no land
had sold for above $12.50 par acre, except one lot. The land was all
entered by me for the settlers three years before. They were anxious for
development. and agreed to permit me to price the lands and get in more
settlers. I divided up several thousand acres, and now no land can be had
for less than $25, and some is sold at 4oo per acre.


On my lists of correspondnts I have nearly 1oo00o names of persons
who have written me about Florida, and many write now and then for as
long as seven years, and when we think it the roper time, they come; they
have confidence in my judgment, and the honesty of my motives, and are
willing to go where I think is bekr,4 .
Henry Harris, Esq.; of Aurorat Cuada, corresponded with me for five
years; a few months ago he came and bought a tlot near me, and has built
a nice home.
Dr. A. Shepherd, of Glendale, Ohio, corsponded with me four years,
and at last I entered 80 acres of U. S. land for him, and. through him I
secured twenty other excellent people Jrom Citcnnatl
A mere accident in mnetAng a man and getting him interested brings
dozens of his friends, and their friends, nd year after year the'ramifications
of his influence continue to sprad m that' there is no doubt about the
future e.
I, of ourse, l out form ownis an4 would be aabte
to expect me to permit eke m a .s wh I Mve at cwrk tobe used fr
the benefit of sapn t4bpo#r which I mew tbqgbt enough
to onm pfpp orth. -roe hclbho

'yseib a, jflw a'i. $ ^IHq.Lyyl -^Vy't^W!^^^^Hf~vs"^ww 1 ~


though* a family may own acres, when the unimproved land
bhe it munaximdm lue, tl *p tth to iitawt its vahe by
prov t is prcticalliyudtitd as that cauot be aabw .f ddubt
bhat there e orange grove deb as vid Stewart's; near Ap a City.
hat cannot be ought fortsa ,eit re, and that pay goo interest on
ht vauation, '
For my correspondent wb want to purchase orange groves, my facili-
ties and knowledge of the cantrty, tod the div-idual proprtis~ enable
e to purchase to the very best 'adWauge. I gve-to each one who ap-
lies the very best bargain to be found for th:amount he wishes to invest-
mWe at one time had an enterprising and sunsible dealr in horses, in Jack-
sonville, Florida, now deceased, James Thrasher. All any one need do was
to write hint a letter enclosing a check for the amount he wished to invest
in a horse or mule, and give him some outline of what he wanted, and by
return boat an animal would come ter selected than a man who was not
posted in horse buying could ad ad his own judgment in a month, I
would not for a moment undertake to select a horse or mule for myself
while Jim Thrasher was alive. I knew he would do better for me than
I could do for myself This was not morality, or what is called honesty
from a religious standpoint, but It wm simply byststss, and ever while
Thrashq lived, no one in this State could do more business in his line than
he did. He was not forced to cheat any one, because he could do enough
regular business to earn all the money he wanted. He understood his busi-
ness, could get all the consignments of horses he could handle, and was
allowed to sell at what he thought was right; both buyer and seller trusted
him; he was paid a fair compensation and no one was cheated,
Now, everyone knows what a reputation hone dealers have for.trickery,
so with laqd agents. I give you th -nrample of a sensible horse trader,
and I assure you there are land men who have brains enough to know that
swindlig don not pay in the long run.
To make a living squarely at trading in horses, no man without experi-
ence could under any circumstances succeed, and how much more does a
man need experience and ampit evidence of the superiority of his skill
when he offers himself to the public'as a suitable prison to be trusted and
implicitly relied upon in the important matter of selecting a home, and to
invest perhaps the savings'of yedrf Ifindi ry, or inpointing out the road
to a cowppetecy to those who have no mons; surely a sensbleperson will
Sask, who hba privd at thibgas through hi direeto ?" and if he can
show' be potebensiB.
How terW~ii~k p^ benrroed to the North curing Florida,

the other malignant fevers, while thousand, Orange ad adjacent health
ful regions have found health and pe;. all tte aitnre are due to
seeking and adopting the advice of the lewly fledged lad gets who
care'nothing for the success of the people tey ell to, except to fleece

them, and then lie in
I have a correspond
with me),'who read
ville, of a small place
he has kept it a year,
the fruit region at all,

wait for another victim.
dent here in New York (he
in an adertisement of a
near town. He was advpld
and now has discovered t
and that he cannot sell it

is now trying to take hold
sharking firm in Jackson-
to buy the place at t,oo ;
Hat his property is not in
tor anything near what it

cost him. He finds he can grow neither limes, lemons, 'peapples guavas,
or any other sub-tropical fruit except sweet oranges, and they take fifteen
years of nursing; so far out of their latitude, before they bear, and then are
dwarfed and sickly compared with orange trees two hundred miles further
South. To be restricted to sweet oranges alone was 'not what he expected
when he went to Florida. This is the result of dealing with either unscru-
pulous or inexperienced men. A man who offers his advice for a considera-

tion, and cannot show that he has knowledge from experience
or profession, is dishonest to begin with, because strangers in

in any trade
Florida can-

not well afford to submit themselves as material for new land agents to ex-
periment on.
If a prospective investor or home seeker when' he meets one of these
confidence operators calling themselves Real Estate Agents," qr Land
Agents," will just ask such fellows to show who has done well by follow-
ing their advice, it will put a stop to their Importunities


- -. -fln

ADout twelve years ago I was at Talianassee,
office, making an outfit of maps and field notes
Biscayne Bay and Indian River country; Col.
produced to me Mr. Jno. M. Katline, of Cortland
an hour I convinced him that Orange County,
him, and I located him and ten of his friends at


one of our




at the SurveyorGeneral's




>r an exploration of the
Taylor brought and in-
N. Y., and inside of half
lorida, wae the place for
bhat is now called Alta-
the founding of Alta-

moate, but I afterwards planted a number there, and they brought their
friends; then land agents sprang up,

It will, no doubt, be plain to my friends,;-that I have a weakness. It may
be unnecessary to point it out, but as I smy have manytnore that 1 am
not aware of, the particular hobby I refer Wt is my pride in feeling that,
through my solicitation mad pmrd.M diorton due, dfther directly r indi-
rectly, the grtt press of Oranap Cotauy Mand when ,traem l oer Pdk
or Sumter. and e the wvait tbrte of ai&d E' raod a- msa Ohrn.


to Orange through my work, no one can blame me for being a little vain of
my success; and I believe that the tills of Orange would be as wild and
uninhabite to-day a those of Polk and Sumter, were it not for my set-
tlers and their friends who followed.
I feel that my facilities are.growipg better every year, and I can
duce it to a mathematical certainty how much myself and friends can do
for a good location in a year or two.
My friends find fault at one feature in my work, that is, that I do not
identify myself with one place long enough, to the exclusion of others; to
bring it up to the maximum, and get the full benefit of the rise in value.
This is true; but although it does not pay me as well now as it would to
bend all my energies on one point, still it will be plain to my correspond-

ents that it is to their best interests to keep ahead of high prices as much
as possible, and give them the best possible bargains, regardless of per-
sonal interest, at present.
I started Orange City, and forthwith dropped i). It was in good hands.
The settlers put there by me brought their friend, and have made a spleo-
did colony. I started Sylvan Lake, and worked it up to $2o per acre, then
dropped it. Few have settled there since, but the groves have grown and
flourished, and there is not a finer region of orange groves in all Florida
than within a radius of three miles frgm Mrs. Weiser's house at Island
When I had all the U. S. lands and State lands entered for my clients,
it was my plan to open other new regions of cheap land. This cannot
last much longer, for all the public land will soon be taken ; then it is my
purpose to settle down in the town of my choice and attend to a grove for


The first work done by me in South Florida, within half an hour of my
arrival, was to save the seeds of a sweet orange and plant them. Trees
grew from those seeds, have borIe oranges, and the seeds from the pro-
duct have been planted and borne again, since my advent here. When I
take a retrospect of this, I could'almot wish that I had devoted my whole
time and' energies to the cultivation of the soil. I could have a fortune
long ago, and it would matter very little to the if no other settler had ever
come, except from a social standpoint. During every year in the Sun-
land State," I have experimented with (he products, and brought many

things to a swoessiul issue. For example, I brought the 6
apple plants rer imported to Orange County, in 1370, and
many ls ~s~t cq m uing their.eultivation, but only one
attentomA t4. Mntr.- W lpWy. of Sylvan Lake.; ad now, a

rst lot of pine-
wrote a great'
man paid any
ifter tet years'

doubt dM de t wrist. my ides hs.been prove a good one, practicable,
and mpineapgs -e bidding fair to becomeA* leading industry.




of wild stack, .cre ao budded wild grom Mbeed -o
mocks aad muck beds, myid spft rqbitrde'al- ms,. 'i 6
thoies were race. I aI. r.1Yb W0it r ir
lar ever pried im Florida, ad during a y ie t..i*
price to tbe lairgd tgg in the w pttetire
when I saypnythz abot oo sois r ap u ur als ~ts
riena, as wdl as obsmrvatios uderal porne b iciwuai

While I had large numraie, It wM
county t be bl to seil tre6s to my
instances on time, while Iky of -th i
could never have em isd bit for my i
sell, on long time, when settlers had n
In ten years I had accomplished a
County peopled, and a strong tide of
unfortunately the Democray elected

turned against us. It is noteworthy
vestors, and, in fact, of all our settlers,
demagogues amongst the. Democrats
Yankees if the Democracy should succe
and at once the result was felt. No Re
Florida people valued the threats or

dichead bhm-
ing thet ipy
a Ai'Jreca-
ithbMT my
pllnt, so that
my own expe-

a grear hwip to tbeMttlement of our
mtlemat Ja. pr ., and in many
he grPov now coming into bearing
r eight in having Itnty of trees to
onponey,to buy.
Sgood deal toward getting Orange

emigration maustc
the Governor ai
that the majority
are Republicans,
threatened the

red to Florida, but
nd veryhing was
y of our large in-
and a few ignorant
total expulsion of

ed. I wa at the pubef emigration,
publicans who knew Florida and the
dreaded any serious results, but to

honest people of the North it was difficult to explain. Republican dema-
gogues retailed with varitios the deeds of violence prptrated South, to
make political capital, and eii- of adesirable cas prctally
for a time, till confidence was reatod, and then it took a long time and
hard work to get it up to itu old volume. When emigation stopped I
availed myself of my enforced leisure to read law, and for two years did
very little in the matter of emig ntin wz.ep to keep up my corespond-
ence. I was admitted and at once dpnnimed to go to New York and try
to awaken a new interest in .SpathFlorida. I M oavned my carre-
spoadents that politics had nothing to do wik. a ma'sa suecca in Florida,
and the average Ku Klux was hot a amnidal caculated to inspire mnch far
in the 'heart of a Yankee They mi kt, in remote ad mciiled districts,
succeed in keeping a few negoes frm th e poal, butia as rle were an tU-
ceedingly low and cowardly brned, a4 did e~atitute many risd part
of the population, ad wer inaco t i f sby the emo-
Srantd ipol paper do to cds ald c d thea .
Cudai Cm u.sequmenty bvwlafyfrjh Nn, .ar^ ich
two ppew' we t .- r a to
South flutiaa;d m how wB I edrt
., 0m r -.dIis. S.
y^sna V^ aae? ^ .^3 -^ ^s-^ a hLm art-.^ ^


75,.0, and whic is wbrth t as in debti. tt i oi and I aLt prpet tyto p my
lebts and to cay uA iy p1 a wie tri. 1 ado.pttbd
ie rule to pay as you g" and t sixyaYr ie adhered to it so that
what I have is my own, and if A depa i 'market starts me in the
ace again, I- dal qantly wait for a better on .
In this connection I must say, mororer, that I never sold a tact of unim-
proved land for less than four time what it eost, .howh I aold many tracts
t one-tenth their value; and I feel espedal prde in being able to may that
there are npore titles on rtord in my name than there are in the name of
any other person it South Florida, and not oe has evyr been in litigation.
Being both a surveyor and a lawyer, enables mE to know that the bound-
aries and the titles to the land I by for myself or my customers are per-
fect and beyond dispute or litigation, while my experience with the pro-
ducts of our State enables me to select the proper soil; and my experience
as a colonizer or founder of settlements give me an exact knowledge of
what locations will enhance in value most rapidly and permanently.
I lived in New York City two years and retin'ed to. Orange County.
Florida, June, 188o. My publishing business cost me considerable, as I
sent out tens of thousands of samnpe copies of my japer, and got together a
correspondence amounting to nearly ten .thaocnd names of people
anxious to go to Florida. I sent hundreds down to Orange County, but I
found that they were nearly all coming back dissatisfied, and few of them
could reach the region I sent them' to, o many selfish and dishonest parties
would beset them on their journey that they often became disgusted and
returned. Many of them who went down to Florida whie I was in New
York have since come back, and Ng me here have settled near me, and
are now delighted with the country.
When I returned my ready mep's were limited, aid I had nothing but
some securities and a.tew hundr bcres of land. I had bougbtconsider-
able Florida property while in New York for my' dlits, and could have
done a good business. My papet was jus'begtining to pay, and by the
present time (1883) would pay tr $000,o to6 to, ow a year ; but I could
not stand the Northern cdnate aOy toejtr; ma tMt aid hun were as.
much affected as when I first cam~ ti tdSio" T peu I was sriding
to Floda to the Mds M'ad plain to me
that thae wa no ih r aeoune to gd atce ad inat my correspond-
ats to idy s ing mcy faItf h by making my

Mfa swyi^Wl l^ aio or
ownd^ the we

The first thint I did on arrival wps to secure the appointment of cenbus

enumerator in the portion of Orange County whee I had b
northern people during the five year preceding. My object i
an opportunity to visit every family and to inquire ijio their
arrive at a clear undertandlng as to the progress they hdd n
homes I had selected for them, and also to find whether my cc

ean settling
was to have
affairs, and
trade on the
)lonies were

ripe for
" second
i60 acre

a division of the land, and the beginning of wha
ary stage" of settlement; that is, whes it is time to
homesteads and invite a new influx of people with

it I term the
divide up the
more means

than the homesteaders had,
headquarters where all my
about forty days walking th
tants. I found that very" few
sent there, and at the best
land had yet been sold at m<
country was waiting patient!

were making groves slowly, because
" booming" the place. I had sent doi
was an unfortunate quarrel existing
and all the others. This kept many
present village of Eustis was for some
favorite locations for a future town, an
I made contracts with several of my
and divided themni; and any one wh<
less than three year more has been

and also to settle upon a point to make my
correspondents cbuld find me. ,It required
rough West Orange to enumerate its inhabi-
v had settled in my colonies except those I had
points, such as Eustis and Mount Dora,-no
we than ten to fifteen dollars per acre: The
tly for something to turn up. The settlers

money was scarce. No one was
vn a number of good men, but there
between one of my first settlers
from settling; but the site of the
twelve or thirteen years one of my
d I decided to give it a start.
settlers for the agency of the lands,
o will visit the place can see that in
done towards building up a village

than has ever before been done in the same time from
other point in the State.

the surt at any


To show my correspondents what c
of one person, without capital, let mJ
embraced in the village site of Eustis
Capt. St. Claire Abrams and Florence
land. I told them of a beautiful lake
land on its shores; showed them the

an be done by the individual effort
i give a short history of the region
. In the summer of I865 I found
J. Fitcmnb at Sanford, looking for
in West Orange, and government
government mpp, which they had

never seen before. They went with me to see it. They we
settled there. Capt. Abrams wrote some long and glowicn
Atlanta CoMMtutin, and brought. I am .told, Mr. Y
Grady, and perhaps others. I then settled the Woodward
brought Capt.'Kern, of Sorrento, from CnnE Ind.
August (otscie, of nrrjtqwu N. J; Iw Scbhplt, of
who brought his ouIn, Hj o 3bulW ot'a;
Clifford. Gn. W,. Bqwn,, whbo., afrtiq4 lqrq

re pleased, and
g letters to the
banes, Sexton
Brothers, who
Nestl ttued
&Brks Co, Pas,
then $.uitb4


settled Mr. A. S. Pendry, who soon after, with some assistance from me,
Ald to D. H. Herrick; and the Key Brothers, who afterwards brought Mr.




re, and his friend, laduced Mr. Way and Mr. Osborn, of the Sanford take land there, and through them we secured Mr. L. G. Pres-
, of Exeter, N. H, I settled Col. G. H. Norton, of Crowley Co., Kan-
who got his brother'interested fnd several others, and sold land to
Donnelly, Mr. Power, Doctor Rosecrance, John Dietlericks. Through
Florida New Yorker I secured Mr. N. L. Whitney, Dr. Fahnestock
Dr. Smith. Mr. Whitney brought Mr. Horton and son, and I bought
them, Mr. Farmer and Mr. Frost, of Wesleyville, Ohio. I located Mr.
cson, of Titusville, Pa.; and through him came CoL Hazzard, of Pitts-

urg, Pa., and
red. Johnsoi
brought Mr. E
L located Mi

others. I located E. F. King and P. P. Morin. I located
n, deceased; and he brought Mr. Ward, and Mr. Ward
uinman and several others.
r. Stephens, who came from California, and last year brought

ool. Taylor, who bought Mr. Stephens' grove, at
oo acre grove at Seneca Lake, and has brought u;
There are a few that I am not exactly positive <
attracted here, but it is safe to say they never
had I not put the machine in motion. Mr. Wood,
len, Dover, Delaware; Doctor Hutchins. of Tol
Ocean Grove, N. J.; Mrs. Hudnut, of Tuskegee,
Marcellus Falls, N. Y.; Dr. Cadwallkder, of Water
and Mr. Wallace, of Missouri; Mr. Frank Hawl
Mr. Mead and son of 674 Madison Ave., New Yc
Savage, and many others came directly through

nd who established the
s several settlers.

Is to how
would ha,
Utica, N.
edo, Ohio
Ala.; Mr
ioo. Neb.


persons mentioned and their friends and families c
entire population, and it is safe to say that not one of

they came to
ve come here
Y.; Mr. Cul-
; Mr. Bogert,
. Wicking, of
: Mr. Weaver

of Westfield,
Mr. Reddin
institute nea
the present p

g, Mr.
rly the

tion would ever have seen the place if I had not brought the
worked for it.
I mention this to show that by turning attention to a point ir
when it is a really desirable one, with my facilities, it is easy tF
impetus, and the first few, if of the right stamp, will bring mor
Eustis will thrive without any further help from me, if it should
to me to withdraw my. support.
Land at Eustis now is worth, within a radius of a mile, from
per acre, and within radius of half a mile,'fram $t5 to $500
has reached its maximum. Evidences of impending strife are
contention mty repd for t time, but eventually Eustis will be
It t vlchr t et ged at people at many of my
beul ard r hones on the future prawse

ga^bo~c '
'c. lbM B
T^^^^t ^^^fi~^ ^^ ^^*^y^

iYi. but

!m here and

n good faith
o give it an
e, and now
d seem best

$50 to $g1r
for lots. It
visible, and
a very fine

ts of towns.

or There is not the slightest
eventually be almost a contin-
Acre will never be any great

uw B'i

bortunme .hP .u .re w at q a score of small
business hou wk iall tt+t .C.or g tot p ,x, It any point, and
one pgIc ceing 4apt ^ ,14} for ^ 5te wil not go far
to towns. '
Each family wqi q ew Acrps for ve Aoe and .you wjI find
few who will huomp sere P t own l.. A a'ctry cna never be
a manufacturig, couwtn; .,nce we can h.e e qI agqegation of
people at any ptin aqd we. U swe that the t.lnd be to village
life. The whole pouwny will be a network 0o rad.m4s to carry off the
heavy products,..ifr't d .ve table, and to Edan back the enormous
quantities of fqtlIters that wi' be needed,. kimueMe numbers of people
will be required to care for the, groves and j.rdeus, to cultivate, to
gather, prepare and ship the fruits, but they wih not lye in the towns ; the
proper place for them is in the groves and gardens, whlre they will have
better health pod society than would be posdble in towns in a warm cli-
mate. So I advise owners of town lots in South Florida cities to not go in
debt on the supposition that town ,lots will gp off like hot cakes; for when
the land reaches the maximum that any one would pay for it, for the pur-
pose of planting a grove, that is the time to sell what you do not'need for
yourself. So it will not pay my settlers to quarrel about who is going to

have the cities, for I assure them there will be no large towns.
My plan is to concentrate my energies on the further development of the
region embraced in the Map of the Lake Regonp." When all my-colo-
nies-are located, and giving myself room enough, so that if the people of
one portion put such prices on their lands that my friends would not be
wise in paying, we can drop them and goto another part; but the chances
are that such arragements.wiU b made that we can get lands m a shape
to control them, and prevent any feverish excitement of the land owners
from blocking the settlement of the crptry.
There are plenty of people willing to sell a pat of tir lands, and there
is not the slightest danger that land will be put at prohibitory prices till
enough has changed hands to. guarantee the settlemn of the country,
and then land will. ell for very high price.
While in New York in z8.o, Win. Wcking o a Falls, N. Y.,
sent me S6o to buy 40 acres of L. S. land. A ftw months after my re-

turp he came to what is now Eustist
tion of Pendry' land for $ oo. He t
and I soured ihe lad for bm f(6o ac
has sold the lot ia Eusths fot g. an
first 40 acres is wprtb $L,o0 r ani hoe
ht Aboi te N. We
fo b u,4of 4 ,+ 1 .
tm p W. ,S. -.... .,.t ........

I them

* 4 J_

. t h an aacre and a frac-
*s o of my bomteers,
SMt. Doln. Mr. Wicking
oiaftelb for SS0d he
Sor worth bo. 'kSo

,~ r. ., N-a
,+-+ : r. + ,/, + :+ KX..-^-+- +. ,

:.m S

Mo. I persuaded him to go to Florida seletekd a homestead for him;
e we to it, ad with no ctal tita great deal of anmg and brains,
has mide property worth 'ove $Sioo The homneteMa selected b
e has alone made him 5,ooo.
Three young mnan strayed Into my office in New York; one is Philip
saacs, of Eustis, the other names I have forgotten. I sent them to Orange
county. Philip remained; the other two came back finding fault with
lorida. Philip is now worthtwo or three thousand dollars.
I could tell the names of many who went and came back disgusted or
homesick, but tkey a ieartly all in correspondence with me, and see that
the fault was their own. They can now see how foolish they. were, and I
am getting them back to Florida one by one, so I won't give their names,
as they do not want their folly made public.
Not one who ever returned dissatisfied with Florida has done near as
well as they could there, and to many it has amounted to a misfortune that
they did not take my advice. The opportunities are as good now as ever
before, and I never tire trying to get my old 'correspondents started
Among my settlers are: John H. Osborn, of Binghamton, N. Y., took a

homestead, s&6
ton, Ky., home
homestead, 16
homestead, wo
:875. homrest
homestead, 18:
i875, for self r
$1.25 per acre,
James M. Wilc
land, at $3.5o
Miss Lottie W
1878, at,
I bought for
acis in 88U ;
$15 to $3 per
worth $ 1,o00
(2o,o0o. W.
worth, without
stead, #73o.

m uw -

acres, 1876, now worth $5,ooo. Robt. Finley, of C
stead, 3876, worth i 15,000. A. K. Reeve, Brooklyn,
76, worth (8,000. August Gottsdhe; Morristown,
rth SMoo. Iaeac Schultz, now of Deer Lodge, Mo

aow wortt *$o oo.




Mrs. Donnelly,

of Weston,

now worth $26,ooo. D. W. Adams, of Watik
friends, over Io acres of State and U. S.
three homesteads, now worth an average of $5o
Glen Mills, Pa., 1878, r0oo acres sold him of
acre, now wortb average of 60o per acre.
it, of West Brighton, Stath Island, N. Y., 80


N. Y.,
N. J.,

lands, at
per acre.
my own
Sold to
acres in

now worth $25 per acre.
Hon. Horatio Bisbt, congressman from our district,
he gave me one fourth for locating; it is now selling at from
amre. Col. G. H. Norton, of Eusfis, homestead, 1876, now
; no capital. Geo. H. Stevens, homestead, 1876, worth
A. Gilbert, of Jacklonvilk, hoMutead, 1876, now
t improvements, $o,ooo. GCeo. W, Bonsm, 1875, home-
S.'Y. Finley, o:Jackso ilk, Floridai 4t75, homestead,
ited by non compliance wiA the lw, now worth $5,ao.
int), read (rtidnc. LAe City, FeridM), land now
* Codifgotn .4&or Atb14 ^Agrww~hAt Delnd, Fla.,
r4b`hvoth (3hJ*b; nrir dI^yd on or improu A.S.
St Mast a ti% haot & ser toSd 346, now
Mri h*1cu au a..edS oth propety, and 5 worth
S'm biurti tanrd with no ukU.



. King, dhaggist, Myrtle Avenue, Brooklyn, N.'Y., Homestead .No.

I ,876, now worth $ioobo; P. P. M6rln, Mass., 175, now worth $6,ooo;
Capt. St. Claire-Abrams, Tavares, 1875. jomestEd, now worth $1o,00.
Capt. Abrams has since branded out in various directions, is a. dis-
tinguished attorney, and has founded the town of Tavues. AHe estimates
his whole property at 30o,o000; he commenced with no capital. Florence
J. Titcomb, of Eustis, Florida, homestead in 1875, now Worth $4,ooo, their

property worth $2,ooo

began without capital.

But why continue on in this strain, whith I could do till I gave you five
hundred names at least, of good reliable citizens, any of those mentioned
you can'write to, or go and see, and verify my statements.
Now let me add another bit of my own history, and by the time you get
through reading this you will know just about what my capacity is. There
are thousands of men of more ability than mine, who cannot do as much
for themselves at the North in a lifetime, as I have done in. the last three
years in Florida. I have given some idea of what a few of my clients have
made by taking my adviCe, and now I will tell you what I have done for
I bought from A. J. Smith, of Eustis, 1oo acres of land, at $9 per acre,
and had only one hundred dollars to pay down. I sold within a year, at
$25 per acre, and then bought with the profits 80 acre at Mount Dora at
$r,8oo, of which I have since sold several lots at $loo per acre, all in less
than two years; took 40o acres as my commission for selecting one thou-
sand acres for Col. Bisbee, of Jacksonville, now worth $5.000; bought of
Diston six acre lots near Mount Dora, on Lake Simpson, now worth


bought. twelve 4-acre lots in the vicinity of Sorrento, which can be

sold anytime at $25 per acre. My home place at Eustis I have refused
$5,000 for, cost me $25 per acre, and got It for a bad debt three years ago.
My4o Acres at Eustis I am sellingat $25 per lot, which will amount to over
$5,000. 16o acres at Mount Dora cost me $300 two years ago, is now
worth on an average $50 per acre, or 8,000. My other property in Mount
Dora is well worth $rooo. My Cropked Lake, 40 acres, is worth what.)
have been offered, at least, $2,000oo; other scattering lamb in Orange County
at Sylvan Lake, and around Benton Prairie, together wmth about $ro,ooo,
and my Sumter County lands, all told, will make at a low valuation
r$10,000; nine-tenths of this is made in the rise on valme.
Now to-show you that,' do as well for those who depend on my judg-
ment as I do for myself, I Induced Cd. M. J. Taylor, in Decetbrof r,
to bty the Stevens place. and guaamhteed, verbly, that he weueB be able to
sell the unimproved land and prt d the rove in a yar of eighteen
months kbr enough t py bfr the old groe. Be -piwbo6 for 6g5 'acres,
andbhas soldeasough twqP itt .1 hisa ofsy t ~Ntckrawf ad the
orvangt gre he knriftS Is W*S&h tWO.OQ^ iu ot
saw4fl 1Mt __ S @1aLAJ tiatC Sterna ._- f


c anpmn-plao
at he could dm
rship vdth Co
5aoo, and we
Lture have oct
it a solitary ii
ey buy what I
aency who paid
id I will make

1. J.

Lake Dora, two years ao, at *3,60oo atd amura him
hb money in eghtens months. I bought it i pta-
M, Alexander. of Winhfi Kanasaftwards, at

have doubled ou. money, Doens ef cases f.the same
:urred every year simoe I have been in this bhshaess, and
instance of loss on the part of one of my clients, when
advise. If there is any one who bought land through my
more than he could sell it for, then let him come forward
up the deficiency.. If the foregoing is true, then there is

Doubt that money can be made by investing in Florida
rough my advice, and we will go on to the next question.



Ap to my reliability in money matters, my present correspondents and cli-
fts do not inquire any longer into this, but when I offer my services to a

tranger he is
payable to my
months. S. H.
> my order fr
> about $14,4
5, 5oo; Gibsol
:ent, of Corrn
2,000; Dr. J<
f Albany, N.

entitled to references. About $2oo,ooo in checks and drafts
order, hav passed through my hands in the past twelve
Mead, of 674 Madison Avenue, New York, has made drafts
om time to time, to purchase property'for him, amounting
Doo; Commander Borie of the Navy, Lynn, Mass., about
n Bros., of Cincinnati, and friends, about $3,ooo; A. M.
y, Pa.,,about $5,ooo; Myron Waters,'of Warren, Pa., about
ohn M. Evans, of Bethire, Ohio, $5,ooo; Wm. H. Stevens,

Y., $s,ooo; E

. Fi Kiug, of Mason, Florida, $r,6oo

Dr. R.

Nutting, Carlinville, Illinois, $,ooo. and many others of amounts of
me thousand dollars, and hundreds of checks under one thousand
irs. Any of the names mentioned I give as reference. Beside this
five references in any town or dty in the United States or Canada,
mun known in every part of our country; so if you find this true, you
tot hesitate to invest in Florida lands through my advice or agency.

I can
as I


This imperfect outline of what we are doing in South Florid# may seem
too good to be true, but the means are now in the reader's hands to inves-
igate and test its accuracy. But if you will reflect a moment, you will
ind that all the great fortunes in dhr country are based on real estate,
and nine tenths of our nwlth consists in land with its appurtenances. In
the new States, a he were opened up and peopled by the tide of eaigra-
ton ever since the ely settkmentsof our nation; individuals hate grown
rich on tis invale of l nd, when they have been ao fortunate as to
anctad tji w atown or city aad grew up. Those who selected
bad vY LadblQ& B i t Mly, d.alot comnplibh mor te rt genpera-
ion ht by ri;uuv 4d'coom, nf fro am th.t tMjyews1 the fam ing

bn- aw i t i tmber, it I. worth mre; tubr wS and duies it s

orth fuom.oo up. tq,g tpearm Sea this rdilead, boweve4r, g
Dot c. itstiute me tbhoqsmaj .part 4J af #gamMSrio 4i the settled
portico. of our Ono, IP Sm cd*AMiti. Jaatfwii *W rIAUbS yaia.I
$1,ooO pjr acre upwwi.a d t Nowu if r* 8Mwiu ktt meil :4s jines
cardully, we shall eetha e n an in a h mdnd a 3ew
State in the.Wet, will got land which in a number, yea will be worth
over $zo pr acre; w in a thousand may.7cue and keep land that wil
be worth $z,ooo. or upwards per acre jqr town. or city tots. So that
although the majority of ttUle of :thr.ilk a ii l do well. in our other
new States and territories by etarin. govermmaet land and beiag long
enough on it for .a rise, which corea in all countries with pemanqt popu-

lation, and is valuable just in proper
living within a given radius, still tl
located where a prosperous town will
secure farms worth ,@ooo to $.,ooo,
secure the valuable property.. Why i
land is valuable in proportion to the
raising crops alone; away from .cities

know of the best
ago, forty years
same now. while
although fortune
tions of our Unic

tled in Gence v
ago was worth |
e land very near
* have been made

tiok to the number of white people
heir chances are very remote to get

s this
! rent
, $100

4d will

n on the rise in value of la

: them rich, the thousands may
few Slooo, while a few may
?. Simply because agricultural
it will pay for the purpose of
per acre is the maximum. I
At was settled seventy-five years
acre, ad is worth about the
er uns up to *z,ooo; so that
continueto be made in all per
nd, it is very.uncertain, and at

best exceedingly slow, wth very rare
snow line. In the portion of Floral
true sub-tropical climate, sufficiaCly
vegetables," but "winter vegetable.,'

Cu.ptions, in countries north of the
which unquestionably possesses the
free from frosts to grow not "earl
"as there is quite a difference, and

the lemon, lime, citron, guava, baana, pihapple, as well a, the sweet
orange, the land has a maximum Yajpe, improved and planted in the fruit
trees of that latitude, of from $1,ooo per acre to $otoaoo, and unimproved
at present, for very choice spots as high as f0oo per acre* Nor, while
the value of unimproved land for horticultural puposes is entirely governed
by the stiety on or near it, and the number of white inhabitants tbe waluv
of bearing orange groves is not perceptibly governed by the number of
people living .near them, as we can see in the case of David Stewart's
grove near Apopka, where it may he said that he is miles from a village
and a mile from a nghbor almost; but the vaue of a bearing grove is
materially enhanced by beautiful natural pant*4 such as a high. dry
and healthy region of p land. This inures pp4y of society theb ar
future, while a grqve, no.pnmttq w poqtpl for fit, .buhvwurd
by, or on the borders of swamp. rweclalM b surbs or pthr ito.TB
Ibds. ~, ti no roo foer qtMh t. come jw and irprqtvds g macly. As
sot so vwal~mi^sxk andqr wl worpaft mu. beia al th#* nPt tveik iat*^ rf f ei 9(i^W^
im ',,t m jalCku ta. *. .' .. ,- F .- ..



Thereisbut me Florida io our Un irad but a tma pert of that
m the fruits &mntitedcan be .ebd upi.. Sea-trotmpal Florida is
st ald -o the rgios beWee the a9th and yth parallels of
Ltud ; below the 7th degree the whole face of the country is fat and
*ct t iundetiMn at presto. Grand dnage schemes have already
en inaugurated trd are progressing well, but no matter how successful
y may be, it is.plait that.a flat country. even when drained, i1l not be
imrable for bones; more than two thirds of the country, which may be
led semi-tropical, is also low andawt, or high, sandy barren, and com-
ratively worthless, or bordering oa rich marshes or swamps, and wholly
fit for remdences, so that tie man or woman who owns 4o0acres of the
ih pine land of South Flprida ten years from this time will have a nice
tie start in the world.
To return to the matter of making elections of cheap lands. It is my
irpose to continue seleictig for my friends till all the United States lan)s
e entered, and then to select the best from the railroad, Diston, and
her large grants, so loztg as they sell good land at $he minimum prices.
these lands I am locating principally for parties who seek good safe in-
itments, and intend to wait till such land is in demaAd, when they can
rtainly sell at from five to ten times cost. But there is another class of
elections which is of more importance than the purchase of public land ; I
fer to the selection qf choice home lots in the region already well settled;
man who has a family will not want to go out in the wild uninhabited
wnships and settle on the dollar and'a quarterland; it would not be wise
do so now till the olkr settlements are better populated; then people
ill have to push out further, but where a number of families go together

iey bring society with them. In the older settlements I am selecting
beautiful lots of froqi ten to forty acres each, at from $1o per acre upwards.
;uch lands have transportation and idighbors near them now, and are en-
ancing in value where they are settling up, as rapidly as any other property,
ad it is a question which I am not prepared to decide fully, whether $zoo
vested liS land, will not increase to *trooo as rapidly, as it would if
invested in dollar and a quarter land. I am continually buyidig both kinds
( property for myself, and each proves very satisfactory.


It is my firm bilie that before ten years a million Northern people will
ind hocr in South Florida, and my advice to all who desire to avail
hemsdves of the consequent rise in value of property, is to purchase as
CoP poiule as Such good lhnd b Florida as they cOn without endan-
uring t ob er utatrs.
Saiibell ftbrtsitM \can- ave a few dolam; business men Ao may
sltr at somme t t tie-to mre '; cletgymn, artisas, clerks, proes-
biud ,sme bl -rias wa dt o" mod women would do well
eatp idserteyar vla iinral Invsstoss n Soath Florida. If



one can only save one doUar a week, he or. she can buy a five acre lot of
$io land in twelve months, and this in five years will be worth from five to
ten times the original investment. This to many hard working people is
more money than they could ever get together in any other way. Through
my method of making small investments this can be done. I take a good
forty acre tract belonging to one of my clients,, divide into sixteen two and
a half acre lots, and sell it to parties who cannot buy larger tracts. It costs
neither party any more than if sold as a whole, and by this means I enable
the man or woman who wants a small piece to get it as cheaply as the
party who buys extensively. At present I am buying chiefly government
land for my clients, but in a few months the public land will be all taken,
and then the purchase of private tracts will be jny principal business.

To those who wish to plant groves I can offer the cheapest and surest
way to procure an orange grove. Col.'Taylor and H. F. Smith, of Wash-
ington, D... organized an orange grove association, and it has proved an
unquali.fd success. The.stock consists of two hundred shares of $Ioo
each ;ethe grove is one hundred acres ; a member may take one or more
shares. Col. Taylor took the 'contract from the association to furnish
everything, land, trees, labor and cultivation, and turnover the grove com-
plete, including the first year's cultivation, for a stipulated price per acre.
The association now has a fine grove, and all the stock is not yet paid up.

They pay in monthly assessments of five dollars per share, so that
male or female, can easily take two or more shares; in twenty n
the share is paid for; then till the grove comes into bearing there i
small assessments quarterly, to keep it cultivated and fertilized.
In seven years this will be a bearing grove, and each share will be
from $1,ooo to $2,0o0, and when in full bearing be worth more than
that amount. Five shares will bring in more money than the present

will be


of a clerk in a government office. This i
for a number of good parties to procure o
a clause in the articles of association prov
vidual shares so that after a few years,
shareholders could have homes on their
when they secure the proper resident

s a practical and

successful way

range groves, and them might be
'iding for stting apart the indi-
or at least when proftable, the
own lots. This is the best plan
contractor to make the grove,

and a competent man to attend to it afterwards. I selected. the land for
the "Lake Eustis Orange Grove Association," and the location a very
po matter.
.I .wcmtit a4vise people of maUll muas go o( this
kind on a leap scale, as they then beouacumbsberaoe.,.iprwtable ao.
I^qml*ihsto tOkCbblmtpicosftbati6agtQo p-cms d utrow-n wegbt.
.lThtre i. en ba ct aism: iSqmcatiognooe h.Sudnraawusn .hy be.
'- : u2ba n s~ki aY kn aunm a--- r;a~~+~~ ~: iniacfil

faith to procure orange groves, and theobject in uniting is to make a grove
of sufficient importance to secure the aid and superintedenee of com-
petent and reliable men; while if the same number o(.j suld tyy
to make a number of small groves, half ramight 4 bec matter
* would be in the hands of so.many different agents that some would be
sure to neglect; but by joining together, they are sure to succeed, if they
. work harmoniously and give their contracts to some on3 who has shown

his skill
SA nur
tracts to
ceed, as
no draw
ability to
he can
alone as
assist as
opens th
any bthe
city or t(

and tru
nber of

Istworthiness. ,..A/Y a .
persons can also buy land coniguous and let their con-

one man and get small individual groves, but they will not all suc-
some will neglect to furnish the requisite funds. However, this is
back to those who can and will furnish all that is needed.
is no trouble at all in getting groves made when the non-resident
will do their part, provided they employ a man of tried responsi-

do the
make a
in an a
\e gates
r way.
)wn of

country, but
capacity. TI
and modest
These associ;
affairs of the
paid in, if at


york. And if a party wants five acres or more of a grove
Arrangements to have it completed for him almost as well
Association. It is my purpose, however, to encourage and
associations as possible to organize and plant, because this
to an orange grove for a class who could never succeed in
An association of this kind could be organized in every
twenty-five thousand inhabitants and upwards in the whole
.y must be headed by persons of good repute and known
sands can thus lay the foundation for a comfortable home
mpetency when old age or disease makes work irksome.
ons, of course, elect their own officers and control all the

association. There is no danger in losing what has been
any time a member should find himself unable to go farther,

as the shares are always salable, and after the first year increase in value
About ten'years ago my old friend, Maj. Purman, who was at that time

ini Congress from Florida, conceived the idea o
grove association. I was sent for to go to W.
appointnient on the grounds and buildings under
the object was to enable me to remain in the city
the matter amongst some of the leading citizens
Florida did not have her quota of appointees, and
the. as any one, so I accepted it. When not

If.getting up an orange
ashington and given an
General O. E. Babcock,
long enough to work up
. There was a vacancy.
I was as well entitled to
at work for the Govern-

Ro1t I was busy at work for FloridM and them were all perfected, the
whole amount subscribed, and I was about to return to Flrida to plant
the flantt orange grove in the world, when the whole nation was shocked by
t~ Lure of Jay Cooke & Compy. Nearly all our m bewe crippled
Auaduly, and the assotio o. Geto be our
pIriatt and I got hitn so udkburtride on tbe not


I '

a .

dur association consisted of only ten members, including the superior

ten lots,
with the
then fo
under th

who was the only salaried officer. His duty was to make the
The association were to by a large tractof land and lay it out in
plant half of each lot in frut, and let each owner do as he pleasd
unimproved lot set apart for him. '4he intention was to prepum
r winter homes. This plan would work well, and should be
by well-to-do people who cannot come and make their groves
ieir own supervision. Say, take two hundred acres of land; plant

one hundred and fifty in ten groves of one thousand trees each, and reserve
ten five-acre lots for buildings and other trees; after two. three, or dive
years divide so that each grove would have a wood lot contiguous; this
would make a model colony, and a joint property in seven years worth half
a million of dollars, or in ten years a million.
Those who read these pages and know nothing or our State will say that
if such marvelloub results are obtained, why is it that everybody in Florida

is not rich ? And why do not people all go
There are many reasons why Florida is
Florida was not needed till now, and she
needed. The Western prairies were not de
lation of the world needed the grain. All
just as soon as m'an is ready for them and

there and become millionaires?
not already developed ; first,
is being developed as fast as
:veloped till the increased popu-
those things come in due time,
needs them. The productions

of Florida cannot be multiplied any faster than the demand by the increase
of population and wealth, and there is no danger of over production, be-
cause so few can bring themselves to do what I am about to urge upon all
who go into horticulture in South Florida.


I bought a. grove for a gentleman four yearsago.

names this time, but it
a fine place for which
what he had better do
it into profitable bea
a large quantity of gua
something more for th
money he did not need,

I will not mention

is a "true story When he becare-t owner of
he paid o8,o, he asked me, as all my clients do,
for it to get the best results, as he desired to get

ring as
Lno and
ie grove
to buy

soon as possible. I told hm to buy
apply it at once, and when he wanted to do
to apply some fertilizer, and when he had
more fertilizer for his grove. Four years will

soon have passed away since he bought the grove,and still It is not beari
a great many oranges. A few trees near the house arp btag heavily,
where they get the slops of the kidhen. The grove has n and "ob
well; is gi-n. and on the whole doing about as vcl i ti ajoy of
gpdu nes. ow ter keepsl tkte &. foo bontr op aeph"ce.g pys :r. hg,
piced man 0tr hhwcwioei M work kdis om K tw ter oesl
h tbuilt iie ioii. he ecotttfvgp sb.o ad iw h vddetahrs

<* ?
. '/ /

. a grfatf fc it,
back Mditido*eis<
siamr *t e fpi
fourltaa to (
ouyht. to ^hwd


keeping s Ane ma and c!r,, and traveHng
K to rlo ts ab oriqre jtowig, ,d not one
E, to am am iy'n acepe whit vadt be paid
r to app d ltaM re of the gro e. This
ytl wotkaaa be doe by rontae '

When Inb a grove for a customer, my advice, inv.riably given, is to
put a good. sihttial fence dose around the groVe, if there is net one
already; clear u, things generally; apply at theearliet possible moment
hfeuv, dk f w t eep the grad ean;
a"bh ts tw k etnd- mbe of the ts, and every three months
manure betily; One good man, with a horse, can take care of one
thousand trees, and do it well, 4Kp the trees ought to have g$ioo worth of
fe tiiai every year for four years. The fourth year from planting they
wil 'bear fruit enough to pay the fifth year's expenses, and the fifth year
the crop will be clear profit, and ought to amount to not less than $5 per
tree, or g5,ooo. Put one-fourth of this into manures and labor, and
always continue to put one-fourth back on your grove, and you will never
fill to have a heavy crop of good fruit. Your trees will continue to in-
crease in size and productiveness as long as they have room to grow
larger. This is "orange growing." There is'nothing intricate or mys-
terious about it. It is simply a question of "dollars and tents." A given

quantity of manure
cation, so long as it
bringing a given nu
tion is now reduced
certain quantity of I
among some so-call
will produce large, 1
as reasonable as i
from two bushels of
pie have for many y

lnts, and have not sa

will produce certain results, and the manner of appli-
reaches the tree, is a matter of taste. The matter of
mber of orange trees into a thrifty and prolific coodi-
to an exact certainty, just as much so as producing a
mef or pork; and the absurd idea that still prevails
ed orange growers that their particular spots of land
healthy and prolif trees with little or no fertilizer, is
t would be to expect a four hundred pound porker
corn, or a fat bullock from a lean pasture. .Our peo-
ears been trying to get a tree worth Sieo for about 75

icceeded; but those who have expended $5 to Sto on

Sk tree.(not in high living for themselves) have succeeded beyond any
question. It is astonishing how the majority of people will squirm and
twist to try to get out of fertlizing sove. Tbr will resort to all kinds of
experiments. Muck, compost, u salt (because it is cheap), and every
humbug recon(naded. Now, a g t many of them thins are pod
ePough in their way. They qake g'" s to speak, but your tires
may be wa d, pruned, scrpxd, cul t a everything else done for
them, and if you do .not gie their ,.yufin t itrogenous manure, they
mwiKkl Udc a^sule wJl stabled n's td, b u bd on straw.
I to ilred hpramp Jis&fadm see how theyignons
t'Main tuia. 'tA is a't'a m ktimare culture" rtms that

'1. .*-


engag i th. uaiweu., Cay's. for exarpp, epplqtely explodes the pet
theories of our Florida Fruit Growrs' Asaociatio in suepd to budding.
,Frpm mny.s siest days in range growing I decided that the "Citrus"
family arQ utcy .the seed, and that the only way to obtain a sub-
variet3is by budding or grafting. It is a pretty generally accepted theory
among horticulturists in northern fruits that the only way to produce a new
variety hybridizing through.the blossoms and to perpetuate by inocula-
tion (budding and grafting). Of course the position I have taken is
.directly opposite to that adhered to in all northern fruits, and I have been
alone amongst our southern theorists who adapted the northern theory to the
citrus family. We have a number of high. sounding names for sub-
varieties of sweet oranges claimed to be hybrids produced by the mixing
of pollen," and which I have always contended were produced by the mix-
ing of sap" in budding sweet orange into some other variety or species
of the citrus; that no such varieties can be transtnitted to a new tree,
either from seed or bud, and that the seeds of such will invariably revert
to the original seedling, and buds will mix with the new stock on which
they may be engrafted.
Now comes Mr. Cary to the front, and supports this theory, and shows

that it has been clearly demonstrated by
Southern California Horticulturists. It is
but was firmly fixed in my mind from wha
long standing before my time in Florida,
the State.
It is found that the sweet orange, or ar
the coarse lemon or citron, produces a fruil
acteristics of the lemon or citron, either in
Budding a sweet orange into a sour or b
once, as there is no very marked different
the lemon" and citron first made it plai
great possibilities to our frxit growers, and
showy, and excellent fruit by persistent gn

a report of a committee of the
not my own discovery, however,
,t I could learn from residents of
and from observations, all over

ny variety budded or grafted on
t partaking strongly of the char-
acidity or coarseness of rind or

Fitter sweet, would not show at
ce in outward appearance ; but
n. This being true, it opens
I why can we not obtain large,
afting on the grape fruit, for ex-

ample ? However, we have the finest orange in the world, which is known,
as .the Florida orange;" in all its purity it has no equal. It ha been
mixed up badly by budding and grafting on infyior stock, but, fortunately,
it goes back at once to .its original purity, when planted and grown from
thsed .or budded into swat orage stocks. t
' n wWf. formerly called the St. Augustine orange," because nearly all the
gro. .in Florida were at St. Aug4ue till the Indians were etirpated,
d o the C; bat larty. so many have obtained buds frona
the kcelbrated pumit grov, on t*p coast, f basr often bsd the
" hBaS .Rigveow -e Aind., l l want to wra my rfiua' triv s

allowing serasges to suppoqe that all thesw oranges are gmwn on Indian
Rier;,mad 4 api bhe grown elsewhere This dot true as any one can see
that hbe qaity Em osung -m grown anywhere that orange. can be
Grownn, th t lity mames no diereace tin the qudity. The soil makes
soQmWefcw as to the early or late madrrity of thei fruit, but the quality
of the variety when ripe, is the same wherever found. Thousands of
oranges sold last winter ip "IJdlan River oranges,"

were pgow in Orange County or near Tamp Baky.
St. Augusthee, at one time, resorted to the same trick, and all good fruit
were called "St. Augusrine oranges ;" great quantities of Jamaica fruit are
sold everyseason in our seaport cities, and called Florida oranges."
W&ln the winters are mild, as fine sweet oranges are grown- in North
Florida as anywhere else in the State, and, in fact, locality has nothing to
do with quality. But it is true that Florida, as a whole, does produce the
finest fruit in the wprld, on account of its peculiar soil and rainy cliinate,
and General Sanford has shown that, at our present prices in the grove.

* they can be shipped to Europe and sold at a l
a market where our surplus can always find a
ever comes that we have more that we need at
I hope that I have given an idea of what -I
hope that no one will be deceived by the people
land to sell that will make successful. orange
Such land does not exist in Florida. We have I


This opens to us
market, if the time

mean by fertilizing, and I
who claim that they have
groves without fertilizing.
and in the hummocks that

will produce fair trees and a few crops of fruit without fertilizer, but it is a
total failure, in a few years, beyond recuperation.
- Select high, dry pine land," with willow-oak and black jack inter-
spersed, a pleasant situation, above water, in a healthy section south of the
twenty-ninth dere, well awayfrom the coast gales and other bad feat-
ures mentioned in these letters; cdear your land well, fence it well, mark
out your places, make the ground rich, plant your trees well, water and care

for them well till
one his ever yet
or weeds, and in
Remedies for "

they start to grow, manure heavily, put on more than any
applied, keep the ground frequently stirred, clear of grass
four or five years you will have a bearing orange grove.
die back," "**frost protection," "scale insect," are only

needed where the spil
are poverty stricken and
We have large, gaun
are .waiting from year
know that they will nav
I will give ryou a samu

is not good; they are too far north, or the trees
It, hungry orange tuees in Florida, whose owners
to year for a h ,avy crop of fruit, and who do not
er realize their wh till they manure their trees.
le of what M ht kfrtliing means. Henry Schultz,

of Berks County, PLa., bour the HoObr plee, near Poinciania, Fla. On
the pLae wr faor esy ap ue t ye, fa where an old hpuse one
stood. The trws had grom in a door M aid wer fed in their early
dat fsl mthtMaoeftha ouse. The e~ ldhm had bee torn fown and

gry and bare of fruit. Mr; Schult 'thought
bought a barrn of strong fertilizer, dropped it
cluster of fqur trees, knocked the head out and
turned it under. Those trees grew amazingly
next year bore fifteen barrels of oranges. Thil
Schultz now manures all his trees highly, and h
If the owner of a hungry grove reads this, let

he w
in the
rftH t
s is "
las a I

of orange tree manure, or a of Peruvian gnano
trees, and if they are old enough and large enough, I
good crop the next year if kept cultivated and clean.
has been applying a shovelful when I recommend a t
pie hesitate about buying one dollar's worth of i
bring five or ten dollars' worth of fruit ?
So much for orange growing. While I think of
words more about the snow line and the frost li

Would trymanure. He
Square between the
ered tt.bmadast, and
hat summer, and the
high farming." Mr.
magnificent property.
at once apply a barrel
to every four of -his
will guarantee him a
The cihancs are he
>arrel. Why do peo-
fertilizer when it will

it, let me say a few

People who live within sight of lofty mountains, in cold climates, are
aware that there is a snow line on the mountain side, above which smow

never melts away entirely, aid
marked. However, this line is r
some seasons the warmth will cre
will at other times; there are two
peak, and it will vary a degree or


limit ot perpetual


.is plainly

6ot at the same altitude every year, and
ep up the mountain side higher than it
extremes to this zone around the lofty
two one year with another, but there is a

line below which it never remains though the summer, and there is
above which it never melts away. This illustrates the "snow line,
level plain about as well as it cah be done. Some years we do not
particle of snow below Middle Georgia while other cold winters
reach down into North Florida, of courm. lighter as it goes South,.
exact spot where it stops is reached, as on the mountain side. "Altet
the same effect that latitude has on temperature; as you go up h
higher regions of the atmosphere you And it growing colder, and

a line
" on a
have a
it will
till the
te has
nto the
on the

mountain tops we find glaciers and a climate as cold as Greenland, with

the arctic egetaton. At the equator it requires a greater aifdi.
to product a certain degree of cold than it would at Mount Hood, wbeit
both altitude and latitude arembined to produce it. On the oaerhi a
in the tropics there b a line 0o all ohfty mountains, below whch,
iafur fall, but k wltH come dow, low one year than aotber, ad
bat bnetwea hi enttraes nmy b pe pslpred to the zone met

wr~cp~ ira hb
whee tow is lable

(l^~~I~' (wiliae
aUM.4Mfk~;l~cc c orth~
X^^^^^iy ^^-^.^ ifsf^ ^^w

tofta duuiog udluSily cld seuaons. whersek it l*u&
;riut there ti. lH whiMreat ealv K anM^U^
atEb twitar 4.* the sei~als ai ie qhp 4 Udewi
*Btbt dn th asr Jit;. hut II r wcig n 6'`
tras 4*1Mw .(4lhdgpPrl.Miiill

4 .

1 I.

Gte the d of y im M ico one can fip. 'rictly topiul
palrs wrbatnahai gin:ing hi tbe fra t levet, ind'in a
fbouirs be ny p-through eotbaite ad egetio of llour States
from the cocoaht palm of bath FIorMai,'o th wld' red m pberry of Min-
neota, amd further up ke may mrI th e fimte 'of Alaska, to ftnd
hbn.df amo t grs.
On mountain ides these Mow inWs" sad first lies" are quite

down from
r came the
r came we
; if a sharp
should see
d mark the

marked, and if the Sate of. of wa t i lt planted ain the "
Blue Gum" te, qr Etlyptu Globues," and we could ook.
some high mountain, we should that when a dild winter
trees would flourish all over Fteoida, when at ordinary winter
would see a belt killed all along the northern rt of the State
frost should come with a high wind from the north-west, we
them killed down to the thirtieth parallel, and below, this would

northern limit of
will understand

belt will plant what it is intended for, but now the safe guide for a stranger
is to take no one's word for it, but go South till he finds the lime, lemon,
guava, orange and pineapple bearing, and if he desires to find a climate
strictly tropical in temperature, he must go till he finds the cocoanut.
We have talked a long time about the sweet orange, and now I want to
touch upon the tther fruits of the sub-tropcal belt, which in my opinion
are of as much or more importance than the orange.

But in all calculations made on the cultivation of
.mention hereafter, let it. be distinctly understood that
based upon high (arming and unstinted fertiliatio.
m any other great gardener will not, when he elects a
look for rich land," he will select a light, mellow


If t


any product I" may
my estimates are
'eter Henderson or
site for gardening,
, sandy loam soil,

at once proceed to maker rich. Such men have got down to
essence of agriculture, and look at the mechanical structure of the soil
supply the chemical properties required by the crops they cultivate.
he 'oil is not light, sweet and dry, they will underdmin it at great ex-
M ; if too dry, they will prepare to irrigate it when necessary. They do'
stop at an expene of from one to five hundred dollars per acre to pre-
rea garden for at crop. The crops we grlow in South Florida are in-
parbly more Vhuabke4han asy acrp gpwn where snowM fls, without
aid of t1as; ad why4 hold we hesiatet about fertiliing, when (at

is all required d of us gro in the ope ir cropsthiat ca be'grown no-
wmire else in or o aty except I hot-hooem, ad to grow many things,
that canot be gropy nt wha. uhsder *aawp mchI procm?
la cenqrcuon. I iq Ibse to sobsi, a Ctnstma ahr frn my lIenlts,
aS to s that PART wi oi rF PLAIN *TA AoUTn 'at lA," will
gin inuck flr Ta)L3jfabllflg smi nal h e nrtaad wlts seat
uymmdl fl &j iLwdi-b 0es1 j)*It tohfc A, 14cdaU

"Blue Gum." The time will ;ome when people in Florida
what latitude is required for certain products, and each




This letter I value very highly, as Mr. Clifford is a very conservative and
cautious business man, and would say nothing that he does not believe in
firmly: .

To wrme itmay aw eem .
This is to ay that I have been
Esq., since October, 1875, during
amounted to nearly Lsjoo, and I
dealings, both with my neighbor
that I know his trankactuous with

Esrirts, OrANGB Co., FLA., fJuy 13, rtSS.*

peronafly acquainted with John A. Maedonald,
which time my own dealings with him have
have be&n personally cognizant with many of his
and with strangers, and I can cheerfully certify
all to have been very generally satisfactory, and

that his judgment and ability to pleas in the selection and location of lands for
parties, both present and absent, have been successful to a degree that I have
never known for any one else following the same calling, and I take pleasure in
recommending him as being reliable and trustworthy, and diligent to his under-
takings to all engaging his services, and, in so doing, I can confidently assert
that I but express the general sentiment of this neighborhood, which he has
almost entirely settled during the past eight years, and is himself a resident of.


his certificate' is from a careful and well to
of our Presidential Electors for Florid.
acres of the first land be bought from me
,g grove at present owned by Mr. Arthur
sold for *to,aoo:

do citizen-a lawyer--and
a. on the Garheld ticket.
now contain the celebrated
Esdra, of New York, and

WASHINTON., D. C., Nov. 13, 188a.
This'is to certify that I have known John A. Macdonald, Esq., of Orange Cd.,
Fla., for over eight years Iast past; that he sold me the first land I bodgbt in
Florida, on which I relied a good profit. He also located the Orange City
colony, of which he was a member. In this we were successful. Land'on which
he located us then fo. $1.sS per acre is now worth $30 on an average. Is every
transaction had with him I made money, and he made ood all he agreed to with
me. I have not known him to wrong any person who has ever had dealings with
him. Very repectfully,

This is from moy friend, M. J. Taylor, well known both in Florida, Wash-
ington City, ad at his old home in Southport, Conn, Col. Taylor has
dome for me,muck mo;a.than it has ever been in my power to do for him.
Ik is,.a gtle o ample mans and is one of the safest men, fibn-
dily. in our State.
EusTl FLPoUDA, f/d r, t883.

rWhil. ynuwq
to .Qbnl
--e ,, -L a
dO^-.,T^. ,: T ,.1

in the woods last week examining government lads, I said
t Fos MatdheM lofI, paonic of my nuyg rtws,
FfWmlt ok oI.itmkehg LaM 0 f, a.. sie Ior a esur
d *. r Lh h < .-


very invetmeat, without a indae excptio, made with yo (ad. I have
made no others) has provd to be far superior to my' ep ios Let mS name
am of .em :
Beginning with my home place, the pri for which was S6,oo I would
state that I have received from the sale of portfcss of. It h. mos than I paid
for the whole place, and now have remain g o suce ao Cwoked Lake, on
which are my house and other buildings, and zo of of qoe, one-half of which
shows fruit this year. The o acres are to-dy worth $.ooo.
the Seneca Lake selectIo, on which I have set. out zoo acres of orange trees
for the Lake Eustis Orange Grove Company, of Washington, D. C., has proved
to be one of the most eligible sites in the county, not only as regards soil, but
location as well-the line of Gordon's railroad from Jacksonville to Tampa being
surveyed within two miles of the tract.
The selection of the Martin tract and grove near Tavares,. at tsoo, has
proven your good judgbtent, for the St. John's & Lake' Eustis railway, which is
now graded to Oxmore, will during the present year, run trains within so rods
of the grove. This property is now worth 5,0ooo, and is rapidly appreciating
in value.
Mr. Gotherman, of Ohio, paid me $5oo to-day for the $2oo worth of govern-
ment land which you selected for me last February. so miles south of here.
The two government eighties lying north of Sorrento, and three miles west of
the village of Macdonald," adjoin lands held at from $zo to $25 per acre, and
could not be bought for less than a,ooo. These tracts were selected in April
In fact, the beginning of my prosperity dates back to 1873, when I bought
i,5do acres of land selected bllqqa, and I udsitatingly recommend any of my
Washington or other friends to accept of your advice and judgment in the selec-
tion of improved or unimproved Florida property.
Very truly yours,

Eustis, Florida.


This is to certify, that John A. Macdonald has located for me eight forty acre
lots of land, and obtained in every case government titles to the ame. For four
of the above lots I have been offered two hundred per cent. ten months from date
of purchase, and have been well pleased with the others, except one tract-for
this Mr. Macdonald has refunded to me the entry money with interest. So that
I am sy mot heartily, tluat his bm tralsacdes with me have been not
only hones and hoeoraM e thrqoboaht, bt his ba capacity snd udgdpmt
of a high order.
Lake Eustis, Fla., Dec. 7, xs.
This letter isr from Re. Dr Cadwaldia r who, having h diem,
dnsred to move to a ooldMs I 'borMbt for him; which wum ao- am Ml as te l sa the imme .t

j -.-

J. x _M. Evufy ns, iSts.
b Sfr: A you a oret to kav for som time, in th intermt
Florida, I consider it my duty as well as a pleue to give ye a few limes h

testimonWl of my regard. I. ame to aboit two
your repreatation and advice, and I have never regretted
two years that I have lived ia Orange Co., and have men n
great many peopi whom youbhave located, I have never
was in any way diomatiBed when be had relied upob your
land. You take with you the good wil hundreds of (

U -

* *

'. A


year ago, ol uypon
it. Also, daring the
and convened with a
yet met with one who
judgment in eetding
our cities, who will

testify favorably as to your honesty and fair dealing.
Young respectfully,
GuY HUTcHIGos, M. D.
Dr. Hutchings iS one of our most popular citizens; is postmaster of our
town: owns a drug store, and is a regular practising physician. He is
well and favorably known in Toledo, Ohio. Sound in all respects.

LAKE Eusns, FLA, Nov. n,


Dear Sir: I have travelled the State of Florida from Tallahasee to Orlando
for two seasons. and I must confess.that the Lake Eustis country is the most
beautiful I have seen in the State.
Yours very truly,
Mr. Gray is a salesman in the wholesale drug house of F. Stearns, De-
troit, Mich., to whom I had the pleasure of showing some of the beauties
of the lake region. ___

EvsrIs, ORANGE Co., FLA. ,faly xI, z883.
I have beet acquainted with John A. Macdonald for the past eight years; my
attention having been first drawn to Florida through his writings. For the pst
two years I have been intimately acquaainted with him, both personally and
through business transactions, and h ve ever found him the courteous gentleman,
honest, reliable and faithful to the interests of thoae who c 'nided their business
to him, and beartily recommend him to any who may have business they wish
attended to, especially in the State of Florida, where his almost universal knowl-

edge of the people
haps none. other j
Capt. J. A Pin
aod iswUll knew
to South Florida.

and country give him special advantages which few, and per-
omS. JAMn A. PIN,

Bi L

now my assistant and attends to the correspondence,
Ginsvil, where be lived reveal years before moving

4.C Eisls, Fla.
l .a-?." s' J -. "
tin+ ItaSdM:Siel l. b -*tl;e aiks M1e 5 ,
t f~r blrirtCr r~kali ~

Housv, NAw. ar, x88x.

od your faiVn r
Liab iBras tlwoiJt

. '*'-k
.i ^ 1 ".
- "

'Si 41

' ^bcati flesvrdiay, ekbs for'S tvna of scenery tee Lake tastii!giouf can-
tm be bat at least in ^orid.. I ap s well pkased whi ittt taxI MN bougbt
pwfityiml t ",d psadp to buy ant at an erly day.

J. B. WirIs;
Trav. Agt. for btaoler, Blhbuma & Co.,
Mr. Wells is originally from Rocbhester, N, Y., and had travelled all over
Sour State, but declared this the most beautifMl he had seen.

This letter is given by Mr. E. B. Here, who is well known amongst the
jewelry dealers in Maiden Lane. New York, but now a resident of our town,
and although he .bought very little ladd through my agency, he has ex-
pressed regret that he did not buy more.

We take pleasure in adding our appreciation of
judgment of Col. J. A. Macdonald. wht we have kno
and who located us in Entis.
We have yet to learn of the first discontented one th
only regret is, we did not accept to a greater extent h
We believe him to be the best authority on anything
and more fully posted on contemplated improvements
* Co., and shall gladly confide our business to his care.

1s, FLA.. fJy II, 1883.
the business capacity and
wn for about two years,

at he has located, and our
kis advice to invest more

relating to Florida lands,
than any one ih Orange

Hons & Oslmao,
Builders, &c

Sanford, Orange Co., Fla., &S.. 23. 1879.
To o'm it may conCerns:
It gives us pleasure to testify that' Col. Jno. A. Macdonald, manager of the
CHlmat Car Adtcate, dnd who was a resident of this county many years, is
or familiar with the lands and localities in Orange County than any other per-
me. We relied entirely on his judgment, and permitted him to select lands for
a wet had not men, and aid lands have proved in every respect as he represented
them. We believe his judgmenat to be the best.
WAY & OssotN,
f Popreton ",fmwl."
These gentlemen are well and favorably kown in Orange county, sad
at their torms, home in W'ashington, Ohi. The land bought for them at
.25 per acre five years ago is now worth soo per acre,

* This circular was printed for me by Rsn-Corumbu Drew of Jackswavile,
sito thwiSptal w kM 07 eqherohbieiii muh cultg*s dmthgba* M th. amrtIdaysi b re
-^ .* S S* S r.. *

l' l ^
' -

The *armS Ooetl0a of
In the 8tate.

Ioo,ooo Sweet Orange Trees, one and two years old; from ten to forty cents
o,oo000 Gauva Trees, four varieties: $5 per hundred, or ten cents each.
zo,ooo Pine Apple Plants. the Sugar Loaf variety, six months old; to cents
each, $75 per 1,ooo.
i,ooo Giant Fig Bananas, the best known ; $ each.
a,oao Plantain Bananas. a large and showy fruit; 50o cents each.
We have on hand a great number of strictly Tropical Plants, which will be
offered next spring: Mangoes, mamayes, tamarinds, pappayas, sappadilos, alli-
gator pears, etc., etc.
There is a great demand for the larger size of orange trees at present, and
parties wishing to plant groves this winter would'do well to order early. Stran-
gers in this country ought to visit the Nurseries, or get advice from some reliable
man who has been successful. Advice given if deired. We can furnish all
sizes of sour orange stocks, and will plant groves by contract.
Civil and Agricultural Engineer,
December I, 187o. Mellonville, Florida.

The. following is a copy of certificate

as Attorney and Cousellor-at-

At a General Term of the Supreme Courtn of the State of N<
City of New York, on the eighth day of October, 1878
Present.-NoAH DAVIS, Prr idim Jtirer.
CHAs R. INGALL, 1fdtr.
John A. Macdonald, having Applied for admission as ao
sellor-at-Law, at the bar of the said Court, and of the m
State, and it appearing that he is a citizen of the Unite
twenty-one years of age, and that he is of good moral charac
duly examined, this Court do find that he is duly qualified t
of the profession.
lThefore, it is ordered that the sai Jh A. Macdonald
admitted as an Attorney and, to practice
this State.
In tetimomy whewof, I, Noak D qwbPheMdig Jfatae
hMamnto st my baed, and cMwl the mse of th maid CoeI t
t th day of Octobr, z878.

ew York, held in the
: 9*

Attorney and Coun-
veral Courts of this
d States, that he is
:ter, and haring been
o enter on the duties

be, and he is hnby
in all the aits of

o said Court, have
o beM hwutn affixed,

mona rAvti,

a-. -

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