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Title: An historical sketch of Pensacola, Florida embracing a brief retrospect of the past and a view of the present
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055742/00001
 Material Information
Title: An historical sketch of Pensacola, Florida embracing a brief retrospect of the past and a view of the present
Alternate Title: Gulf route, the new line
Physical Description: 96 p. : ; 18 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Robinson, Benjamin
Publisher: Advance-Gazette
Place of Publication: Pensacola Fla
Publication Date: 1882
 Subjects
Subject: History -- Pensacola (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: by Benj. Robinson.
General Note: Includes advertising on the verso of each page.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00055742
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000141263
oclc - 01868192
notis - AAQ7407

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Page 1
    Advertising
        Page 2
    Main
        Page 3
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    Back Matter
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
Full Text


AN




I-ISTORICAL SKETCH






E4S'ACOL--, -- LORIDA*
*? NSACOLJI, ILORIDA*


EMBRACING A BRIEF RETROSPECT OF THE PAST

AND A VIEW OF THE PRESENT.




BY BENJ. ROBINSON.




PENSACOLA:
PRINTED AT THE ADVANCE-GAZltTE BOOK AND JOB OFFICE.
1882.











1R


THE OLDEST AND THE BEST.
(GAZETTE -- ADVANCE
Established 1S24, -- As Established 1878.

ADVANCE-TA ETTE,
PUBLISHED SEMI-WEEKLY,
ON WEDNESDAY AND SUNDAY,
AT PENSAOt'A,' PLA.
This Journal is the best advertising medium in the
State. It rlirculation, local, domestic
and foreign, is very large.
SUBSCRIPTION, FOUR DOLLARS PER ANNUM.
-- -e---
In connection with the Newspaper office is
TI-i'E BEST TOB OFFICE
IN WEST FLORIDA.
--4--
READ IT! READ IT! READ IT!
ADVERTISE IN IT! ADVERTISE IN IT!
SEND IT YOUR JOB WORK!
Address: W. A. M)RSCHALK, Editor and Proprietor.







,p







AN HISTORICAL SKETCH


QF RF NSACOLA, FLA.



THE GAZE OF PENBACOLA is intently fixed upon the
Future. Despite all the alluring legends of.Roimance
in which its Past, teeming with historic associations,
is embalmed, these lose their charm in these stirring
days of enterprise and advancement, except insofar as
they serve to illustrate the origin and characteristics
of its population, and, thereby, indicate the methods to
which its people must resort to fulfill the surpassing
destiny of prosperity which invites their endeavor.
The consideration mentioned will constrain this an-
nalist in' the performance of the work which he has
projected. Inviting as is that misty field of antiquities,
which beckons a too willing pen, firing an imagination
that is prone to research amid dusty tomes and the
relics of a period that slumbers above the fervid ashes
of memorable and heroic deeds, and that has ever
fondly haunted the localities of renowned tradition,
seeking, amongst ruins for the revelations that His-
toiy has denied her votaries-he must pass all too
rapidly from epoch to epoch, that space and patience
may be reserved to deal more elaborately with the
concerns of thepresent. The state of our shipping and
commerce; our manufactures and internal improve-
ments; trade and agricultural interests will command





4


GEORGE B. LOUD,


JUSTICE OF THE PEACE,


NOTARY PUBLIC
-ANI)-

CUSTOM HOUSE BROKER.

0-

Entrances and Clearances of Vessts, Entries
of Merchandise, Seamens' Hospital
Accounts, Mortgages, Bills
of Sale, and all
MARITIME BUSINESS

-ATTENDED TO PROMPTLY.-:



MARINE PROTESTS CAREFULLY PRBPAIEBB.










n especial attention to the end that our Future may
e presaged and our prosperity anticipated.
When West Florida was ceded to the United States
n the year of our Lord 1819, a commission was ap-
)ointed by the Federal Government with a view to ad-
usting certain disputes as to titles to lands and lots in
he new purchase; and that commission sat Tor two or
three years, patiently examining into such claims as
were submiitted to it for adjudication, hearing evidence,
nd winnowing a mass of traditional accumulations,
segregating the authenticated from the alleged facts of
he town's history. The United States Commissioners
were Messrs. Samuel R. Overton, Joseph M. White,
fnd Craven P. Luckett, the two former only having
signed the report which confirmed the titles derived
from the British grants.
The annalist has had access to the Secretary's book
in which the record of the proceedings of that Commis-
sion is preserved ;apd from its pages has learned thtcon-
clusion arrived at by that distinguished inquisition
into the earliest muniments of Pensacola's history.
The town of Pensacola, it seems from this record,
was founded by the Spaniards, A. D. 1696; and, hence,
is nearly two hundred years old. This foundation was
made during the trying and memorable days of that
exciting struggle for colonial aggrandizement on the
American shores, which was so long, so earnestly, and
with such inveterate emulation waged, between those
rival nations, France and Spain. The town was cap-
tured by the French and was subsequently recaptured
by the Spaniards; but, whether, at that time, it was
simply a military post, inhabited only by garrison, or
whether it was a regularly established town, possessing
a civil government, is a question which is shrouded in
clouds of doubt and speculation. It is presumed, how-
ever, hy the Commission, that the vicissitudes of Revo-








J. B. ROBERTS. W. A. ROBERTS.

J. B. ROBERTS & SON,

I ivW, Salqp and Beardiqg
~ai*~lcr~ .atq sr .". 1


COR. JEFFERSON AND ZARRAGO0SA STS.,
(Opposite the Puhlie Square,)


-----o----
Carriages, Buggies, Drays, Wagons, Horses,
Teams, and everything in the Livery
Stable Line for Hire.

Horses and Mules always on hand for Sale.

Boarding for Horses, Mules and Teams, by the
Day or Month.

Especial arrangements made tith Parties Shipping Stock
to this Market.

Telegraphic and Telephonic Orders *rll receive
PROMPT ATTENTION.









lution, and the changes of dominion over the territory
in which it was situated were such as to preclude the
establishment of any stable civil administration, as well
ag to prevent its survey for the purpose of being laid
out upon any regular plan; and that such continued to
be the case until it came into the possesAion of the
British Government by the Treaty of 1763, sixty-seven
years after its original foundation. It is quite as un-
certain whether there was ever any corporation under
the Board of Tride and PlantErs, or other local authori-
ties of West Florida.
There were records, however, in the possession of the
Commission which mapri te4 i beyond peradyentuke
that a regllar plan of the town was made, and that Its
streets, squares and lots were systematically laid out
under the authority of the British Government. At
this time, duringthe British occupation, in 1764, a large
public square and other reservations were set apart;
and all the town and garden, lots were granted to in-
dividunls. In explanation of the last grants it must
be observed just here that ,ach lot, by number, located
on the map of the English grants of Pensacola real
estate, from which all the titles to lands in this city
were originally descended, had, as an appurtenance, a
lot on the outskirts of the town, numbered similarly
and designated as garden lQts, .tb p lots containing
half an acre each. The English deeds were nearly all
dated in the years 1764 or 1765.
Some very suggestive points, which should properly
be presented just here, age reserved for future com-
menting, that the continuous stream of this sketch may
not be obstructed by an episode that may seem to ob-
scure rather than illustrate this period of Pensacola's
history.
The most reliable traditions accessible to the annalist
lead him to believe that the original Pensacola, estab-












, -~uaomic*


ADJOINING THE DEPbT,

a VErSACLA, RA9

WILLIAM BLUMER, - -PROPRIETOR


RATES, $1.50 PER DAY.









Wished in, 1" whether merely a fillitary, or a regularly
hartered toVn, wasitutied on 8anta Ros Island, and
tood 'upon the present site of Fort Pickens. This
n or post was destroyed by a terrible gale. Whether
ithe capture o. the :wU' by the French aud Its subse.
uent, recapture by the Spaniards was before this gale,
as ever been a matter of profound uncertainty. One
thing, howevdrfaeenm to j~dmit of nq. dipqtle-when
the town was trestred 1y 'the Spanirsr that destruc-
tive tempest had so impressed them with the power of
the winds and waves that they determined to encoun-
ter no such perils again; and it was rebuilt on the main-
land at the point where Fort Barrancas now stand-,
nine miles below the present town of Pensacola. The
new town, it is presumed, although no authentic tradi-
tion on that subject has descended to these times, w\as
not captured by the French; for the high ground on
which it was located would seem to forbid the idea
that, in thoseprlmitive times, t would have been so ac-
cessibit t eaZture as its predecessor at the point of
Santa Rosa Island. The annalist, however, must deny
hliMNIl the luxury of speculation o0 tish tpici t and
prbceed,'ct-ritnte calamo, to the narration of shatters
that are less involved in mystery.
There is no question that West Florida was ceded to
Great Britain in fhe year 1764, at which time Pensa-
cola, on its present site, was literally nothing more than
the smallest and simplest fishing village. Then it was
that its solid history began; then it was that its streets,
its equares, it lots, its g.r4en lote, its reservations for
chqfrh and g)ve rierl, ourpoes, were laid adt with
I4Megion, afri ca efui survey, na when miaps were
made; and deeds were signed, sealed and delivered to
purohitbt#s from the Crown.
The English map shows that au immense square was
rstrved for'the public uses, which extended from the








t Io at Reh9TU1
L R. WaIW, .


AND DEALER IN
Gn ea I~ Vette,)
PITT BUILDING, PALAFOX STREET,
PENOSACOLA, FLA.
Families, Hotels and Ships supplied at the Lowest
Market Rates. Prompt attention given to the
delivery of orders in any part of the
City, or on Shipboard.

DR. R. B. S. HAIlGIS,
Wtypyiqin aid wLggeq,
Residence on Romana Street,
oZrrzc .A.T amoe&T^i_&-&'s xaVe BaLcBB.
PEI ACOLA, FLA.


DR. R. C.WHITE,
Physician and Surgeon, i
PENSACOLA ..............................FLORIDA.









Bay of lens*colis p QGorge Stteet (nowv Palafox) to
the present 'Intendentia Stteet, its northern boun-
dary running with that Street in an easterly direction
to ,harltte |treet (now Alenia and wir t.e oonre
f tatg rea. fni a6%thtdy Ajncttbt .to th e Wa.
George Street was so called in honor of the then
reigning monarch of Great Britain, and Charlotte Street
was named in honor pf,the British queen.
It may be property observe Just her, although not in
chronological sequence, that subsequently the Spanish
authorities divided this square, leaving as public parks
tha Ferdinand IIPlasa and 'evilleKPlas, as they stand
in tact to-day, making reservations for Church, for
Court House, for a Public Bake-House and for .other
public needs, and disposing the remainder of the pro-
perty to individual grantees.
In the year of our Lord 1780, the Spaniards, who
were at war with Great Britain, made an assault upon
the town, advancing overland from Mobile, in the
course of wbish attack, they slew tbe Coommaader of
the EngNilh Forue, esptured his fOrtifeations, and
victoriously en red his works and took possession of
thq pity. Frort that moment English dominion in
Florida wds determined, and the territory was held
under the Spanish flag until its cession to the United
States in 1819. The treaty of the United States, with
Great Britain in the year 1788, by which the indepen-
dence of the Thirteen Sovereign States of America
was recognized, stipulated that all English claim upon
the Floridas should be forever relinquished; and the
right of Spain to thileerritoy wBa thereby ratified and
confirmed.
-i.riy not be improper just at this point to revert'
a moment to the period of English occupation, which,
ip (nany respects, was the most important epoch in the
career of this city, whose life has been one of many













S--s------ '-.-s

IadpdeaE Ia 2ll thiage-seatral


QftA.i- MRf 04



gana.int obilor aub flrprietor.





One Yera~ $4.00
Six .bi, 200
Th, Months, 1.0








striking vicissitudes. The British Government took
possession of the Province of-West Florida in the sixth
year of the reign of George III, King of Great Britain,
France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, c., who
was represented by "George Johnstone, Esquire, our
CaStaoOelbeLal and Governor in Chief Iin and over
ou r ron aino; wt esi or t Pensco4." Itwas
under the administration of Captain General and Gov-
ernor-in-Chief, George Johns$one, that his majesty
directed the survey, upon which is based the English
map of Pe~n eo -4th-he ei g the survey apd map
which was solely recognized by the "Oerton-White-
Luckett Commission" in 1822; and the fixed point
from which titles to lots in this city are to this day
traced. The names of distinguished Englishmen were
bestdo d nipn the strets of the town, thwe of the
KInhls ti(en, the Princess iemuberi o the Cabinet,
and other British statesman behig' intended to be so
perpetuated. Le home propose et Dieu dispose; not a
vestige of English nomenclature remains upon our
street sign boards, for when the Spaniards captured
the city they made ehort'workr with the l)Iiqrs of their
predecessors in giving name to local habitations and
thoroughfares. In the center of the Southern bounda-
ry, or bay front, of the large English Square, as laid off
by Governor Johnstone's plan of the city, about where
the BA f hau1f Lis now -teled, an e teisive quay,
to be called King's Wharf was projected, but for some
reason it was never built; and the first quay was estab-
lished twenty years afterwards between Johnstone
and 'uimberlipan streets (pQw Barcelona and Baylen
street) by W- f Panton, for the dse of the gftet com-
mercial firm of Panton, Leslie & Co, who only com-
menced their operations after the English had literally
been fired out of Weot Florida.
Within the squre, and traterMfln the point at which






W. T. BRENT. D. G~ BRENT. R. J. 3R~NT.


BRENT BROTIteS,

STA1S Af RIAT


GROGERIES,

WIame at 1trasI


It m


'PA jOX ST., ABAQlt BOAXA,
-:bsai.b


"R. J. 1REINT.


W. T. BRENT.-


D. G.: BRENT.


=E~e~yi







156

KI tiouf~ra to bQjocaodwas a subqeservatin,
pr r, flk r mne 5e jur5k,
ihotf big lne on, HI 4ner betn d(~cased.
Immediately north of the square, and due north of the
proposed King's Wharf, (that is to say, above the pres-
ent Intendti 'tie.et and etndil E half way
to Alcaniz, and" running back about a block's depth
from a front that would be upon Intendenthi, facing
the bay,) was laid off into Jots an entire block of un-
numbered lots, which were held in reservation for
Court House, Cburches, and the various Public Bulil-
Itg neieatry'to the Odlbidal Goveraneikt
Uponthis Roearvation thezp. an be no dQagt that
the English G ovrnnent had hitended to erect, in a
most substantial manner, such edifices as would have
bee prnMlents o the Provlnoer--uI opg th6ei an jle
gahi'tovernorl'Palame, in which Governor Johnstone
would have held his Co i& with il the Vice-RelW
s l or ht aer I the rugOO U d tH.
oito 1 whppil mijdt hl b e, to'qlAd
bg irtswy ver the'prt~ d dQie naft&d Catstiliian

The belligerent complihatiose in which Great Britain
became involved, about this time, with Coqtinental
poir4 iand the Coloazal tr4bie w~P ith whlct she was
mel oi et dctate a procr4aitMon which pventtated
in ari abinlonmneht r all patepoe to carry out the aOh-
bitious schemes of her vice-regent in West Florida.
The stWt W~(ch we ktnpw q Bajylan 1t the Eng-
lish map was called Cumberland, after the celebrated
Duke, of whom Caipbell, the poet, has, in his Lochiel's
warning, written-
"Proud Oumberland prances, insulting the slain.
And their hoof-beaten bosoms are trod to the plain."
Barcelona street was known, an hundred and eight
years. A.g As dohnstenbei In honor of his Majesty's






A. V. CLUBt, J ,
BUTTIIIDERE.


Shop and Lumber Yard on
Florida Blanco Street.
(BETWEEN ZARAGOSA STREET AND THE BAY.)

Seamen's Ea h ne
-A N D-

SHIPPIN 6 OFFICE.
THOMAS GLENNON,
sImwtePP MAs4ila.
Crews procured for foreign and coastwise vessels at the
shortest notice.
f-ta~rf~asTOWaiOTir









CaptA rAlrk tdtiind Governor-in -Chlef. Odur present
Reas street was then known as Lindsay; York as
then known is now Florida Bl:ncoe and tht reeka
th yard, nn rt
fro ea tt d illl i v
.,we aSlre rdi and II Plza) Zar-
ragossa street was then called Mansfield; while, East
of the square, Zarragossa was, in those days, Alber-
marie. Gov~rnme street,.west,~was Pitt; east, Butt;
while West Intendentia was known as Granby, and
East Intendentia as Harcott.
opr(s rBeti att r i te Ieweetj youngK
Princess, whose loveliness, at that period, was the
theme of royal exultation and popular admiration,
How gladly would the pen that records these dry
annals turn ashldto A6r'w'flowersi of fancy along the
path that Johnstone hoped she would some day saun-

,te .: ,W w AME 'sIf b r i ten
Arragon, has contributed the footprints that make that
now seemwagly commonplace thoroughfare an ave-
nue where Romance, in, the olden days, held her
brilliant but evanescent court; and where she stirred
to an ecstacy of rivalry the hearts of the noble gallants

T Twtitr CLofltl Cetyhave-neen il-1 outIn
more recent times, and most of them had no place
on the English umap f/ the map of .the succeeding
Spaniards. .' :
Jus here, before yr, proceed to a presentation of
some of the salient facts of its more modern history,
it is well that we should recapitulate a few facts,
already noted, that we tmy. ha e a fresh starting
point from which to 'edtiefnee our advance to the

S h'Cy the lh paniards in (8.





18
Calvin Wells. ( Aaroan reaTn.


WELLS & FRENCH.

PITTSBURGH

CAST STEEL SPRING WORKS.

Ca.aa.nufai"cturx ofe

Extra Tempered Light ElIptic Cast Steel Springs,
With Patent Hot Compresved Bando for RaHroad Cars
and Locomotlves.



O~ice and 'Works:
COR. LIBERTY AND TWENTY-AIRST ST., PITTpSBlRGIH.

Agents:
M. M. Buck & Co., it. LOuis.








'The first *frgyrjt was adre ArBiE laawhQosonstructed
a small fot called San Carlos, and erected a church
upon the preset site of Fort Barranoas. The French
took Penqacola in 1719; the Spanish re-took it, and the
French again took it in the same year and kept it until
1722, when it was restored to Spain. The Spanish
constructed a fort near "Pickens," which afterwards
was Improved by the English General Halde-
mand. The settlement remained on the island until
1764, when, the town being partly inundated, the site
was removed to the magnifient location which it now
occupies.
Pensacgl as cqde4 0.tP Fipjsh i 1768by whom
it was a.s( l\n -14gu)ar Im Ith 17M. Thitown sur-
rendered to the Spanish arms in 1781. On the 7th of
November, 1814,~ general. andrw Jackson, with the
American army, entered the town, when the English
fleet in t.he bay destwYvd Jthe fate, San Carlos (at Bar-
rancas) and Santa Rosa.
ip ii recogpiwed. ". manifees dstlny in 1819, and
ceded to the United States the entire territory of Flor-
ida. She was admitted into the Union as a State in
1846. During the war between the States a consider-
able portion of the old Spanish buildings were de-
stroyed, but many still remain, and their quaint ap-
pearance strikes the stranger im mediately."
It may.ot,,o at o plcert this. mOeat,. to. Wer
briefly-to iofnd monuments of the prehistoric settle-
ments which were made in this vicinity by the aborig-
inal inhabiapts of West Florida. Although they will
throw no light on the pages of our history, they may
serve to feed the speculations of some of our Florida
antiquarian.s
Heretofore we have not mentioned some of the pre-
historic objects of interest which are to be found in the
vicinity of this city; and these are the remains of the










Obtained, and hIl other busiiess )a- the VUrtted AWtel Ntehk Offio'
attended to for moderate fees. ';-Our dgce Ic bppb)Ut t66 '&)Q
States Patent Office, and *e can ohtala patents iI .em. In(e
thdo, rem6te Wip 1Washington. SInd.mojelor 1a i
vise as to patentability free of cbarge, an4 we zakq A! Fppfgf unlg 9.
we obtain pp*cnt. We refer here.tq tRe
of Money, OrderJ Pvisjon, ald to 4iLa.o.f tbe,:Uked gtifeiel
Patent Office, Nor oirmli4 Adriom, tem*4h and I~frlatid VeDal'
clients ill your own State or county, address


op Pq'itpT,%tjn ,01%qoj WsohPCgPto D,)Oj: --i
:EM 95L QrVALJ;.- 1k~ ?''''
Sole Ageiit fOiOMudlrsl AM01,6i!te4 A0i 0#Ibvi'-VMJ~thws,

Wholesale and ieta:Vd AlIfeit,;' 1'"t

P4W9T& NSDL ;$,' iL M-AAW AVWIALIfl~N*JI,, i
P6TII iAD~IB~ ~PL I4JI F-4. t ~J'18,1 ,
The White, Si nger, 1K)eeje b j r .Wpe441 wngtop i
Ind alhee I Sith* m ac inqs, vi 1 Bomp ltjest
`1d, e I't h6~~~t~ l~
attbcrie'ad:dcredl~~dl a~tf~i iiith

*s- i'uu t d .l'tY7Tls l 'Tii.'"~I'YI7Y( r w/ ~~I'





Wboleasle Jobber. in alIl gwft of-
TOBACCO, CIGARB$, SNUFF ANP P Im*'.. j
Repreieniip the 4l TOaA*qc ann: 4,pI X:d%94ra1 i 1
tfnted '$tatex.









tAces ; ebse consisting of huge mounds, shell-heaps,
graves, sites of departed .and dismantled villages, im-
plements of stone, pottery, and images of men, ani-
mals and birds in clay and stoke. Just at Wdribors
there is little to command attention, but about a mile
above Garcon Point and eight or nine'miles north-east
of Pensacola, on a farm overxoking Escambia Bay, are
several shell-heap o6f an altkiude of about five feet and
several hundred/pet jcycumference, and in that neigh-
borhood we are told there is an Indian burying place.
Escribld" Point affords a cemetery, standing near the
site of an Indian village. Excavations have disclosed

beM pth. cement,
which were found portions of human crania, vertebrae,
etc.; while ap'tyasige~ePl nplyR tto_~3P white's
Point, there are quite a number of shell and earth
mounds. Says a writer, from whose, resarches we
have borrowed bome information on this subject:
Without stopping to notice the many minor details
alq1)W #qe Sbqp:,*rwwnljrqed"a<>e o tttle W irdeLt3rA
of East Pass, in Choctawhatchle Bay. Heietheancient
mound-builder executed his greatest monuments, and
in after years here was the great center of Indian pop-
ulation. In those old days Choctawhatchie Bay con-
tained # ggd tS) d flshl tluaiQ ,Whe~h
water streams and lakes afforded a never-failing sup-
ply of fish, while the outside beaches were convenient
and accessible.. Everytrhig uainit* to mirake savage
life comparatively easy and' cotmfttbtable, and conse-
quently here may be found evidences of the first dawn
of aAt Agrg ~ir. 5a IsaeepoM w ahel t.te r
an empty stomach.
"The large t dqleciliary mound.iqthisection iit-
uated iekldMP lxes above ti- at'aiEs-





22



Miallrftrrelluin.'~YIff ih

raOj'G BOX FiG8,;
C1.APiFlV PqCOTSAGEG
-WPY P;AGXS,,



LDATE",






ilso Pu~thdsbers' acn bhr the sale ot

A. flas Imw .,f %aem b fhIRbu~d Wff.

We. make, a a ecia&tV of 9 ur,

CANOND, CM M lb6W#nEL




F S
Prlw s 4~yY~*
~ d~Z ~ -~ B. Louis









their, at Pte E~tB.*S#Parallel-
ogram Iasape, with an inclined roadway leading to
the summit. It measures 250 feet along the crest b
1,.lmt d d isg'r b ,m t

16w'he' urI ce. In this ayer o she may be found
the bones of animals, birds and fishes, showing that
after al I ^eV rigqW^e>1'W of five
feet wae t thmlgrigMlmWir medi-
ate vicinity are many large shell mound, and in the
fields are found, year, after typar nuppqroW ,iMneie of
birds, animals and men. Some of these are extremely
rude, while others are excellent delineations of the hu-
man face. Alo/eg'thle "bhrs the duck And' oWl eem to
have bven favorites.
'Next in mnportaonq ad iptteres an, nclent canal,
connecting the waters of Choctawhatchie Bay with a
large inland lake. The canal is about one and one-
half miles i longthi and from five to fliteen feet in
depth. The canal begn.*t Me head of Horse Shoe
Bayou, on the southern side of the bay.
"At Black Point, on the north side of the bay, is a very
large domiciliary tound of earth; also, many hundreds
of mounds, shell-heaps and remains may be found on
Garner's Bayou at Four Mile Point, and at other points
long these shores."
Havltg devoted this anuch splice to a brief review of
the earlier history of Pemsola, the annalist now pio-
poses to take up in detail subjects of interest to the
present population of this city, with a view to demon-
Sstrating what has been achievdn l yrhe
develi t@ le,
to einMitr helm in their energetic endeavors to
advance this port to that importance which its com-
Smebr iethat branch
,^~~fS^"1 Ww^M,









LIZ!..



DIt~f EE EP .




at It' I~ i I.
REEDS ~tT~ OMT

-VP tOR 94W R IVAT~a FAMILY,
,! i r li I /

8.EDs FOR THE MARlir AW~ftI&IkIl

Grown by ouri*Mves on our own Ifarm, and -*a
oa iet* km :~
tII ,I ** -

Jtrdro wef !Hlupt-rate4 Cpktaeogue and AI~tsu ei utet


'a'- tFRA.DELJST

'I~~ ~ : a.a#
11HRIC ANTS,, ~~. SED S "YOV. 0 'CAPP -ps FOR'~
,I



a ItI~j ELI1J s5ll.
~ a
:6 (1 taiaAkA L
In
1 4W







No little interest attaches to the history of the several
wharves .o'Peniwo6l, especially as they are so in.
timately connected with the shipping business of this
port, the bosom of whose land-locked waters is now
plowed by so many foreign and domestic keels. Nearly
all ofthte se J afve have tgeir anala. full of Instruc-
tive entertainment, and each is a monument to the well
directed energy and capital of some valuable citizens
of this progressive mart's past or present. The oldest
of them all has a most engaging and romantic story
as eiaed with its ooastrqctlot and employment It
wan established ninety.ei t years- igo, by the umojp
William Panton, who embarked about that time upon
a career of commercial success seldom paralleled
in the records of American enterprise. The Wharf is
variously known as Panton's, Forbes' and Herron's, it
being, at pre~pet the property of our well-known and
public spirited townsman, Dr. J. 8. Herron. Thetradi-
tion goes that Wm. Panton, who projected it, had been
trained under the Scotch adherents of Charles Edward,
the Prbtender to the British Crown, who was over-
whelmed with irretrievable ruin at the battle of Cullo-
den, where his forces were either slain or scattered.
After this misfortune, the lives of many of the Scottish
Highlanders, who had supported his claims, were only
spared upon the terms that they should take the oath
of allegiance to the House of Hanover and migrate to
the American shores-which condition was accepted
by thousands of these brave, faitIfl, but unfortunate
men. Among them came to Carolina the ancestors of
Panton, who, when two or three decades afterwards the
War of Revolution having commenced, in common
with their coiperyer, espoused the Boyal casue, and
stood, unperjured, by the oaths which had saved them
from the fatal consequences which overtook so many
of their compatriots at the downfall of the Chevalier's







D.F. SULLIVAN,
Prmide. t


W. A. S. WHEELER,
CJI~.


TITHE FIRST



NA TIO NA BANK

--0 F-


-- I


FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC







Wg Collections made on all acceessble Pomte. -bf


_ __








bold but misguided effort to recover the throne of
Scotlan]1I (tEi iaJ with hey are alecated,
the selnti~li if Wvich 49 cherished by the PAntons
were neither popular nor safe; and, it is supposed, that
the fact that he was a marked man in a hornet's nest
of revolutionary patriotism induced the young adven-
turer to seek a home and a fortune in some less perilous
land. At all events he came to Pensacola and estab-
lished himself upon a foundation of such solid prosperi-
ty in conqetce tha thefuiat Os whithbe inaugWuAt
oontiuitd to fludlits wtu .iawdated thd vnatiL
success, and survived him many 'years, only having
waned, when, upon the cession of Florida to the United
States, some forty years afterwards, the.special privi-
leges enjoyed from Spain by himself and his successors,
were abrogated by the operation of the treaty of pur-
chase. The boldness of his commercial ventures was
the theme of anexalted admiration in all the Spanish
Main; and every speculation upon which he entered
was reoarded wth an .nvary.g good rtA*na Whilst
in the hey-dey of his business career, he called to his
aid his nephvwS&a tScot'h le n tlimlf; and trained
their kee4 G=ll1salty L4J tldbevaIIs of his Bria-
rian enterprises. Together with John Forbes, two
young men, John at!d James Inefarity, upon the death
of their uncle and having succeeded to the inheritance
of his fortune, formed the house of John Forbes & Co.,
which, for a series of years, oonducted a fabulous trade
with the leadiri g Parts of the world, being unrivalled
in the West Indla trade. At Havana, Forbes was
located, and James Inerarity had charge of the
Mobile House, while John Inerarity remained
in Pensacola ewloktng the interests oo the mother-
concern, diectig its inmense 'traffic, and year
after year, adding to its glory, its opulence and its
usefhuness.









PHILIP BROWN,


Wholesale and retail dealer In all kinds of



Household Furniture,


PENSACOLA, FLORIDA.


* and 7 Goveramnt Street, Opp~fte xerameur' HItel.
MAMMOTH CLOTHING
S. BAUs.. I ]OBB I L. BOLT.
s. BAUER& Oj ,
Dealers ia Gentlem's Olotbihg Mad Furnihiblltrods, ists,
Caps, Boots uad 8hoe, *to.. etc., Pslatox ,tt, west of
tb Public Square, Pna4ool*loid,
Always keeps an hud a large stoo*kf eitngods at ex-
treiely low prIce.
GEORGE W. COLLINS,
(Shrocabsoa Joeu Qouolto, B1.,)
Fashionable Boot and Shoe maker, sad dealer fI Leather and
Findings4 Palafax St., *xt* door to W. O. kent, Banlke.
PENBAOOLA, FLORIDA.
3LAZ. JACOBTY
FWouholes Tobooo, egar n, a o. Agast for J; Hadier A
Co. Tobacco Manufaetory, Lyachborg, V. ,
No. 81, Corner Plafex Street, Peumeola, FPora.






29

With 8sm.OWtbla otree of ships, hdrilds w of sea-
nIuttae~ter k anilA ter employees at tVeetr beck and
call; witlA fortune and lofty aspirations, liberal
and pulb' lt Panton ad fir successors were
foremost nl all the public enterprises and benefactions
of their daj. They erected hanideome mitkensio with
elegant grnonda ,they built commodious stores and
wiiroutisd, ithk the established the pioneer Wharf of
Pensaeoll, It s assured by those who played upon it
when chittiCh thit the Ilestiebtt ihteh it rested were
of ligmnm vUae, andth"kt' t was supposed that they
w 1er4 ctije either from rot or tasbels. TiE lit-
Sp SO which the annallst has in his possession
declares tht t was upon this Wharf that the venerable
Franqa q o" now morelhan four-score years of
age, ad waiting serenely, near the close of a life of un-
aiaui'a ~ ,;: isefultness and pos~ y,' for his aM m-
ri6s initf: 4~omUln of the Great Unknown, first
landed at' PdeUsaola 'a vltdrodi, hbpeftl, energetic
tlng Ni, itfp me of youth sidfbleaed with nn-
usua%4 6tl and physiodl stvAgth. iftnie vir ught
its inevitblo be naes, howevr,,ad both its owners
and the wharf passed away. Te change of flags from
Spain to the Unitedftates did not improve the business
oI PnaoI%* was anticipated; and soon after the
formal otee o do1 Pensaeola by the American Gov-
ernm iiOi M of OPtu rbe 0 & o, hbaviagceased
business operations, the Panton Wharf fell into disuse
and indS Iatm n decay. Bat' now after a long rest of
idleness, iA;.tae,bas again been brought'into requisi-
tion-ldueV, years ago Dr. Herron, who purchased,
th jgiJt9o fJri *he h Ak of thil Inerart$fs tb wbom
it bidedescended, entered upon 6ie work of erecting a
successor to t~i(MAtor e qayr, at which in a past cen-
t .*r-vessels locked freighted with the treasures of
many a foreign strand. With the kindling eye of a





80

Walker Mancel,
PHOTOGRAP S,
Have two g rles, one oandncted b 'Wlktr top ink, ,t the
corner qs sad latePdppti; at'the e on Intendentia street.
PESACOLA, FLA.
BRANCH HOUSE

H. Pfeiffer& Co,
Central merchandise
GoQ.vIAwNT T, a coLA.
CALL A.ND, 8E fI :

AT tHE MvftOBAif t'- E OHArGUi *AR.
"The bddtomest man in town," by- popla ssumt :

OTTO COLD TUKER,
SWhol*tle drealwri
LIQUORS, WINES, CIGARS, AND' TOBAOOO8.
PikATTOl t PiMn IAT "AW

ATTORNEY AT TLAW, :
Pnlkjb0el, *. '- :'1i<









faith 14 NLlos;tly
forw(6, Il l[ -thp c eft4 lufhe
waters that ripple against its pilings will bear to its

an

enrich the receiver no less than the sender, and that
will assidn'nf4 dlp ftP acol ldenireign of
unlimitela Mas a-ri&e C gladlelk.
Before leaving this v"ha _nd itte und associations,
Mwcannot omit to i'real Ad'tMi1on connected with its
original owners that is no less honorable to their mem-
ories than Alwill prove interesting to the antiquarian*
The house of Forbes & Co., through some kinship of
John Forbes to the soenlQ member 6f the celebrated
house of Forbes & Co., of London, engaged in the East
I nAiaNtrle, ,bcnre.mpoessepwf r$able information
ih ieferenc6 t the' fttentions'of Pickenham and his
coadjqtors n tle expelittio against New Orlean4 in
latter ipat t 114 orthe earl t pa of 1816. Forbea at
Havana, Jmbes IneravitO at Mobile ,-nd 'John Inera-
rity at Pensacola, had each and all-though born Brit-
ish subjects-been naturalized subjects of Spain at that
time. Whatever may have been their sympathies,
their interest ~,jtAted that teir ~~giaiess at Pensacola
and Mobile a be pro~te4dlk ~n Havana, where
Lord George Gordon corresponded freely with John
Forbes, it was a matter of frequent but futile specula-
tion as to the destination of the fleet, and the trans-
ports in its .convoy, which was dotting tjp Spanish
main with Itaesanvas. Forbep, With..a kdn' insight into
the future, ap'prlsed his partners at Pensacola and at
Mobile. The objective point, at first, was Pensacola,
where two birds might be killed with one stone: West
Florida might be recovered from the dominion of the
Spaniard, and a stinging blow might be stricken the







SOUTHERN

POTTERY WO S.
J. W. KONLER,
Proprietor.
Manufacturer of all klads of Stone and Earthen War, Milk Pans,
Stew Pans. Chicken Fountaas, Safe Saucets, Pler Pots, Or-
namental and Plain Hanging Baskets, Vams for Fountains, for
Garden and Cemetery use, Window Pots. etc. Antique Vases
made to order ; Ornamental and Plain Chilney Th ; all sises
of Drain and Sewer Pipe, etc.
PENSAOOLA, FLA.

S. S. LEONARD,





PENSACOLA, FLA.

ESTIMATES FURNISHED ON APPLICATION.








United St which nation was the object of unre-
lenting Jealg sy.
It was wiMpered after a whfil that Pensacola was
zot so accessible to attack as was New Orleans. It was
seretly re~Ioved that the origi-ial scheme of assault
should be abandoned, and that the mouth of the Mis-
pefippi sho5td be penetrated. 'No reticence was proof
against the keen Scotch insight of Forbes, who, while
English, was of Gaelic descent, John Inerarity, of
whom we shall speak more fully fater, and James Ine-
rarity were notified of the change of destination. Gen.
Andrew Jackson-illustrious and venerable name-was
then at Choctaw Point. James'Inerarty apprised him
of, the purpose 'of the English fleet, and he instantly
moved his forces to the metropolis of Louisiana. The
oli cotton-bale story that so mw'a boys and girls have
learned from the school-geogrpoby pictures has long
ben exploded. The British fore% having been landed,
approached the Crescent City along a road which on
either side was guarded with swamps. On the edge of
these morasses, sand-banks, or fortifications, were hur-
riedly thrown up; and, as an obstacle to Packenham's
progress towards "Booty and Beauty," cotton bales
.were piled across the arrny's route. The ambuscade
wwas completely and secretly established; and when the
banner of St. George was confidently advancing to
words the goal of anticipated victory, the stars and
stripes were unfurled and the riftmen of Old Hickory
slaughteredd the daring British Vyjerans who came val-
,jo tly into this avenue of death. On that 8th of Janu-
*try, 1815, When, for a second t|inq, American prowess
,*lipsed E tlish courage, the last disposition of Europe
to interfere In Columbian territory was disintegrated
and abandoed. Peace had already been patched up
at Ghent; 'lut this battle, fought after treaties were
signed, gave to American valor that world-wide repu-






H-
I1


K
p


I




p


r


H
3;

i










tatod whidhlit so richly deserved, and commanded for
Sthe yuing l0ubllc that universal esteem by which it
1s never been forsaken. It were an unjustifiable
omission, if the annalist did dare to close this episode
without some personal comment upon John Inerarity,
who so many years resided in Pensacola, an ornament
to its society and a director and benefactor of its com-
mercial concerns: Below the ordinary stature, Scotch
to the back-bone, of simple tastes and with profound
sagacity, he was par excellence an accomplished gen-
tleman. Masters of vessels who met him in his count-
ing-room, which was a model of business convenience
and luxury, averred that he coupled with a dis-
tingue address a directness of purpose, a clearness.
of brain and a terseness of speech that was unexam-
pled. In the charmed and charming circles of fashion,
where he capered in ladies' drawing-rooms "to the
lasciviovs pleasing of a lute," he was unapproachable.
The chemist's laboratory found him a votary there to
science. And with a head delightfully endowed with
mathematical superiority, he did not neglect the lan-
guages. Greek and Latin he understood with the
critical, classical acumen of thorough scholarship; the
Romance tongue.s,French,Italian and Spanish, he spoke
with the fluency of a native; and our own vernacular,
even with the Scottish dialect distinguished but under-
stood, he was the most complete master of-writing it
with elegance and speaking it with eloquence.
The next oldest wharf of this city is that at the foot
of Palafox street, which was constructed in the year
1828, at.which time there was a clear, open bay front,
extending from Bayou Texar to Little Bayou, and
the whole of which was an unobstructed beach. This
wharf was for quite a number of years the only one of
which Pensacola could boast, although it is asserted
that its facilities were quite adequate to all the com-
merce that sought to land at its quays. The next in or-







F. C. BREENT,


BANKER,



Palafox St., Pensacola, Fla.


Foreign and DomestI Exchange bought and sold, and prompt
attention given to collections in this city and vicinity.









der of conasrction. was the Commandancia street
wharf, originally built in 1856, and rebuilt by Messrs.
Simpson and Gonzales in 1869-after the war and about
the time that the prospect of an efficient railway ser.
vice was beginning to be organized for the promotion
of internal commerce. This was about the time that
our shipping received that revival which has made us
the most prosperous port on the habitable globe in pro-
portion to our population. Then in regular order came
the building of the Baylen street wharf in 1859, which
was permitted to go down, which was subsequently
purchased and rebuilt by Mr. Hickey a few years ago.
The Railroad wharf and Sullivan's followed suit, they
in turn to be followed respectively by the Perdido Rall-
road wharf, the Muscogee wharf, the rebuilding of
Herron's on the site of the old Panton quay, the con-
struction of the wharf at the foot of Barcelona street,
known as Burns', and the building of a wharf at the
foot of Jefferson street by W. L. Wittich. Besides,
there have been chartered at the foot of Alcaniz the
wharf of J. E. Callahan; at the foot of Florida Blanca
that of A. V. Clubbs; at the foot of Reus that of Royal
Putnam; at the foot of Devilliers that of H. W. Wal-
ter; at the foot of Coyle street, Gagnet & Co., and at
the foot of Adams street that of John Lear. All these
will soon be ready for the accommodation of the ship-
ping of our port, which increases every year with such
rapidity as to make it palpable that each will become
property of immense value, and will be the brilliant
scene of a remarkable activity, at which will stand
moored the loaded and loading vessels of every coun-
try of the universe.
In juxtaposition to what has been said about the
quays of this city, we may here present some facts in
reference to our immense foreign and domestic com-
merce, which will show how tremendous has bAen thA






38

JSBEPB J. eRANT,




--3-A-BT.& =3--f




CHOICE FAMILY GROCERIES.




AOrders or STh Beef WProty Fied.

Oreso FeSBAeOO PoAt, P FilAd.




Orders for Fresh Beef Promptly Filled.








timber trade of this port for the last twelve months
ending.on the 81st day October, 1882.
From the Annual Circular of Messrs. Hyer Brothers
we glean many facts that will tend to teach how great
has been our commerce, and how necessary those wharf
facilities which have been supplied by the enterprise
of our energetic citizens who have been developing
this particular interest in our community. For instance,
the increase from November 1, 1881, to October 81, 1882
in the tonnage that visited this port over that from No-
vember 1, 1880, to October 81, 1882, was an aggregate of
133 vessels, with an additional tonnage of 90,079 tons.
In the preceding year ending October 81, 1881, we had
at our wharves 529 vessels, carrying 819,807 tons, while
the year just ended we enjoyed the visited of 66$ vessels
Olth a capacity of 409,986 tons.
From the port of Pensacola there were shipped last
year, ending October 81, 4,861 loads of hewn timber,
45,941 loads of sawn timber, and 24,427,000 superficial
feet of lumber in excess of 1880-'81; while the stock of
timber on hand on that day amounted to 10,000 loads
of hewn and 24,000 loads of sawn timber, as against
14,000 loads of hewn and 17,000 loads of sawn at the
same time last year. The average price for timber at
the booms throughout the year has been 11@12c for
hewn, 100 feet average, and sawn 40 feet average.
Our traffic with the ports of the United Kingdom
show that during the year ending October 81, 1882, 100
vessels of 168,462 tons burden, and carrying 2,876,770
cubic feet of hewn timber, 4,940,275 cubic feet of sawn
timber, and 10,419,000 superficial feet of lumber cleared
for ports in England; while 66 vessels of 42,11 tons
burden, carrying 466,408 cubic feet of hewn timber,
1,667,502 cubic feet of sawn timber, with 2,253,000 super-
ficial feet of lumber, cleared for ports of Scotland, and
17 vessels of 14,504 tons burden, carrying 849,224 cubic










C. L. GILBERT & CO.,
SaZva nna, -Oa.,
OFFERS LIVERPOOL SALT IN SACKS AT LOWEST RATES.
Can be found at the office of
W Ie. MKOWES,
Insurance and Real Estate Agent,
GOVERNMENT ST., PENSACOLA,
JON 3B. BUePMdNNO


DIAMOBNDS WATCHES. JEWELRY.

Ghiekm, BSUIer ard Plated Ware,

Pn'esacolai, 7..
------0----
Chronometers Rated by Transit.
A ork de th d--- ch and gua-ante-ed.
W-All Uwork done tCith dispatch and guaranteed.^









feet of hewn timber, 806,790 cubic feet of sawn timber
and 824,000 superficial feet of lumber, sailed for the
ports of Queenstown, Dublin and Belfast, in Ireland.
To sum up: 268 vessels of 215,477 tons, with 8,191,417
cubic feet ot sawn timber, and 6,914,578 cubic feet of
sawn timber, together with 18,996,000 superficial feet of
lumber, was shipped from the port of Pensacola from
November 1, 1881, till October 81, 1882, to the ports of
Great Britain. These figures alone speak volumes for
our foreign commerce.
Our trade with the Continent of Europe for the year
ending, October 81, 1882, was as follows: Cleared for
Holland, 26 vessels of 15,787 tons, with 219,814 cubic feet
of hewn, 448,564 cubic feet of sawn timber, and 2,411,000
superficial feet of lumber. Cleared for France, 46 ves-
sels of 27,211 tons, with 874,896 cubic feet of hewn, 660,-
904 cubic feet of sawn timber, and 5,372,000 superficial
feet of lumber. Cleared for Germany 19 vessels 11,505
tons, with 170,170 cubic feet of hewn, 216,588 cubic feet
of sawn timber, and 1,786,000 superficial feet of lumber.
Italy received 18 vessels of 11,189 tons, carrying 158,948
cubic feet of hewn, 140,006 cubic feet of sawn timber,
and 8,244,000 superficial feet of lumber; while Spain
received 5 vessels of 2,688 tons, with 87,984 cubic feet of
hewn, 18608 cubic feet of sawn timber, and 909,000 su-
perficial feet of lumber. Shipments to Portugal, Bel-
gium, Austria and elsewhere make the total shipments
to the Continent foot up 184 vessels, of 80,250 tons, with
1,248,418 cubic feet of hewn timber and 1,647,931 cubic
feet of sawn timber, together with 17,805,000 superficial
feet of lumber.
We estate that our African and Australian trade
gave work to six vessels of 3,885 tons, which transported
24,782 cubic feet of hewn timber, 28,509 cubic feet of .
sawn timber, and 1,595,000 superficial feet of lumber.
And that our coastwise trade employed 126 vessels of












PRACTICAL WATCHMAKER.


Anda D er ia


GOLD A.4D SILV ER WATCHES,


CHA.NS, DIAMONDS, JE WELR Y,


SOLID SILVER AND SILVER-PLATED WARE-
NOVEL AND ELEGANT DESIGNS.


An entirely new stock-purchased since the fire. My new store is
now completely fixed up for the resumption and quick despatch
of business. Repair department ka running order, and
satisfaction guaanteed. Old gold and silver
purchased for cash, or til value
given in trade.



No. 89 DAUPHIN STREET,


MOBILE, ALA. .









55,716 tons which carried 81,042 cubic feet of hewn
timber and 87,948000 superfletalleet of lumber.
The value of these exports as they stood in the
booms and at the wharves of this city has been approx-
imated by one of our most intelligent shipping mer-
chants as follows: Value of lumber export, $1,877,868;
value of hewn timber, $858,806; value of sawn timber,
$871,559; total value, $2,817,229.
This lumber and timber trade In itself, great as are
the other sources of wealth which contribute to the
permanently and rapidly growing opulence which our
foreign and domestic commerce brings to our doors, re-
veals a wonderful stoly of the magnitude of our busi.
ness and the back-~ine of our prosperity.
But our shipping is not alone valuable for its general
effects-it produces specific blessings to the retail trade
of our city.
There are annually employed thousands of shippers
shipping clerks, stevedores, baymen and laborers, trans-
ferring this immense commercial tribute to the growth
of our city from the wharves and the bay on board the
transporting vessels; and all these are adequately re-
compensed for their work. The consequence is that
money from abroad flows in a strong current through
every artery of our local trade. These agencies for
the shipment of our timber and lumber are liberal
agencies for the promotion of the public good; while
the officers and seamen of every vessel that enters does
something in the direction of expanding the influence
of the general prosperity.
Population pohis in; and hew demands for building
and other expenditures invite many laborers to come
ahd lend their willng hands to the extension of our de-
velopment. We grow daily In numbers and strength
and riches. This none can deny.
The resultant effect is to put down a predicate for








MB~BABIA WKmKl,
LUMBER AND TIMBER MANUFACTURED AND
SOLD BY THE CARGO.
Special Care Taken to Fill Orders Promptly
and as Agreed.
E. F. e miwn, PoPmnurvo,

EDWARD :C. ,LEHDE,
WATCHMAKER AND JEWELER,

659 Magazine Street. 659

STECT.A.COZE -E OT.
All kinds of Fancy Articles Repaired. Old Gold and Silver bought.

NEW ORLEANS

COTTON ROPE FACTORY.

D. KETE RKYNOLDS, PROPER.
N10. iI AND IM8 CONSTANCE STREET.
Between Julia and St. Joseph Streets,
NEW ORLEAN8, LA.










the establishment of manufactures, the inauguration
of larger business and mercantile schemes, and the
support of such railroads as may be attracted here by
our matchless commerce. These, of course, as they
never fail to do, bring to our shipping new sources of
revenue and activity.
The export trade now chiefly relied upon for the sup-
port of that exceptionally opulent trade which we com-
mand will be supplemented; and, before we can quite
realize the full measure of our greatness as a port on
the Mexican Gulf, we shall have had the best trade of
South and Central America crossing our bars and seek-
ing the marts of the Eastern and Western States over
our splendid system of railways.
A writer thoroughly posted on the subject of these
lines of railway has observed:
"The greatest element of Pensacola's strength is its
railroad situation. Many unthinking people say, if
Pensacola has such wonderful natural advantages,why
has it not progressed more rapidly. For the reason
that before the day of railroads cities were built at the
mouths of navigable rivers. Pensacola has no rivers
of importance, and what was years ago a disadvantage
works to our city's benefit now; for the absence of
such rivers prevents the filling up of our magnificent
bay by washings from them.
"Our first railroad, completed just as the war
commenced, was destroyed during the war. It
was not restored in any state of efficiency until a
few years ago, and during these brief years Pensacola
has doubled in importance. The Pensacola road hav-
ing become a part of the Louisville and Nashville sys-
tem, is worked as one road, giving low rates of pas-
sage and freight, and through bills to all points.
"The Pensacola and Perdfdo road, terminating at
Perdido Bay, is a most Important auxiliary to our city's









CITY HOTEL,

GOVERNMENT STREET.

Pensacola, Fa.
-0
ED. SEXAUER, POP'Ro .
-0--
Within ive minutes walk of
steamers and railroad.,
station.
The rooms have all modern im-
provements, and are es-
pecially adapted for
travelers.


DUNN 'S EXCHANGE,

JNO. DUNN, PROP'B,

At which are served the choicest

LIQUORS, WINES,
BEER, CIGARS,

And refreshments of all sorts.

Adjoins the City Hotel.

Polite bar tenders welcome the
guests.


FLORIDA


EXPRESS.


LYMAN W. ROWLEY, Editor aid Proprietor.

IS-UE WEEL T .0 P NNM.
ISSUED WEEKLY AT $2.50 PER ANNUM.


--0--


The only Republican paper in West Florlda, and while advocating
Republican principles, it is fearlessly Independent and outspoken
on all subjects of interest to the people or State.










wood trade, bringing thousands of car loads of lumber
per annum to vessels in our bay. The extension of the
Pensacola and Selma road from Repton to Pine Apple,
forming an unbroken line from tide-water at our city
to the great cotton center at Selma, is promised, and
this consummation of the hopes of half a century will
fix our port firmly as an important cotton export point.
It will bring us new trade and a new impetus, and add
to Pensacola's immense wood commerce new features
and new life. But our cityls hopes turn with greater
expectation and more confidently for future advance-
ment to the great enterprise created only a few brief
months ago by one of our citizens--the Pensacola and
Atlantic Railroad. The spirit of improvement de-
mands the construction of this road, upon which 2,000
men were at work.
Pensacola, the chief commercial city of the State,
has upon the waters of its bay frequently each winter
more ocean-going tonnage (steamships excluded) than
can be found at New Orleans. Our city advanced in
population from 1870 to 1880, as shown by the last
census, 117 per cent, at least 90 per cent. of which oc-
curred during the last four years of the decade. The
last twelve months have witnessed more solid advance-
ment, and have offered better promises of future pros-
perity, than Pensacola's most sanguine friends could
have hoped for. The completion of the Pensacola and
Atlantic road will shorten the distance between this
part of the State and the State's capital. It will con-
nect all Welt Plorida by a direct line, and a line corre-
spondingly shorter:
Miles.
Distance from Pensacola to Tallahassee by shortest road now
built...................... ................ ....... 614
Distance by P. f A. road when constructed .................. 184
Distance saved........................................... 430








I. C. DuBOSE & CO.,

WHOLESALE DRUGGISTS,


NO. 7 NORTH WATER STREET,


MOBILE,


ALA.


Physicians, Merchants and Dealers will find it to their interest to
call before purchasing.
WM. MCKENZIE OERTING,

Vice Consul of Denmark for the State
of Florida.

362 ROMAN STREET, PENSACOLA, FLA.
WILLIAM EBERT,
ORNAMENTAL IRON AND WIRE WORK,
194 and 196 Magazine Street, New Orleans.
Wrought, Cast, and Wire House and Cemetery Railing, Verandahe,
Brackets, Bars, Shutters, Doors, Pastenings, and all descrip-
tions of Plain and Ornamental Work constantly
on hand or made to order.








The inr1 atftL* A 'Alt e peo-
ple of West Florida a voyage through three States and
labor of over 400 miles railroadftlavel in reaching tdheat
caiiLO lRiQflattin cwith the1c lloTW^-cIt;
zeMOJ i d-lege South florida, ca mst be oOet
estimated. The construction of the Pensacola and At-
lantic Railroad will save in distance:
Miles.
J~ceisonv~ler.,.. .i '.(. "' . .... . ...... 1:57
Bet ea Ile and the Soperest and Ila-

Fern......di. .. .. .. .'.. .. : ...... ... .. 157
Cedar Key. .... .'. 3.. ., ...... .. ...... 157
The distance by existing lines' fi~oi obile (taken as common
point) to Savannah is ......................... ... .. 55f
By the Pensacola and Atlantic Railroad........ .......... 598
An excess of 49 miles against the new line. The
CliH(4Hn # Iq bb"tJit hbjqujat 'M I
deed t..isji r F i Wion.
This link 1, lt1 1 ,' Mobile
to SavannaE Mvijril b P.- 1O minfles.
The association fivWkicoqtolq't#)4)and miles of
road from Richmond to Savannah and South, with the
saacaious, wealthy andh suEdofat9 cap1itsts at the
hel fe ih Florida ian W r vtilh
Sm 'f road' n on the r4v1 a k T p,"
no bf slow tos 11hnavail thOmfei tht ofletU^
P. will m vlable ab fge,4t (W, gr)
vannah to Climax. The associated roads of Vir-
ginia and the Carolinas, runfinlg in1 one interest froi .
RINhmod to (it o not comipeef' ties ~st,
of %1&6a anBi of0 Mof qntgTa, p ,
tio r 'Jrforms pen service, to V 9F% 9Pply. 1QQi
mil Peat o ge, and it w, W4raiJy ,sdopt.,a
lin from M ew Orleans and Texas, by which
their enytfi line ,cengbe utilized. .The distance frorr
Ric4lppAls VasvautUratatol Mobile is 902 miles; vil
Savannah and the P. & A, 1086; a difference of 184.



IMAGE BLEED










IINE


S TERMERS.


PLYING TB CIATTIAIOcIU,
APALAGIIAOLA ANrD PLINT
UVus8.


Ono* to I
invw~Tin~~u*rinunu
IP'1 AB.t


Leavea EiC.I.~. *
Arrive at l a"Ue.. raum.710
Arrive at Aftlabrid, i.
An~v* at *"eiaichit, a


194.3 I
"Me
S1'M


Airie at 3iMW& 0"
Arrivi at -
Arrtv* At C
Sunday*, Afihtacsel*and CoWatml s meet tb at 6 ttc
w avtsand.kM UL s Ate41*"4,


3F*3E*11303EMXAM99










This distance will not be regarded by the aeseiated
roads, because the P. & A. will offer the only entirely
cordial connection leading west. The Central road of
Gorgia has not been in the habit of taking them by the
hand in the past, and since the Central leased the
Georgia road no other outlet save the P. & A. is lft.
Moreover, the excess in distance is overcome by the
harmonious co-operation of the long line of the associ-
ation, all of which s utilized.
It Is aPonfg the certainties of the futtre that palace
sleepers will carry paengers through Pensacola to
New Orleans without change, between Richmond and
the Gulf of Mexico. In these estimates, If the road is
extended to Mobile, the P. & A. distance would be re-
duced over forty miles. Should -this extension occur,
it would afford the Mobile and Ohio, with' the Jay
Gould interest in the St. Loab o ld Iron Morptain back
of its only line Aito 'amt, 'ik lb Wid aod Florida.
Nor will this interest fail to see t, If offered to them.
The P. & A. will furnish the miambig Ilak in the short-
est Southern line between the Pacific roads centering
at'New OrleMif or at Vlksburg and i hehgoth Atlan-
tic. Naturally the Louisville and NauhVille will briug
all of its Immense traic of freight and peaengers to
the end of its line at Pensacola, and give them to the
P. & A. In preference to giving them up at Nashville
or Montgomery.
The mileage to Tallahaee, 8t. Marks and many
other points wood be les by the Peassoola rete, and
to otrs the (fIrepnce against th# .altkat the worst
wound be only abput forty miles, which wlt aot be con-
sidered in the face of the increased mileage to the L. &
N. road, and the aid to one of its prinelpal ports, which
will relmt frota atdolpng the Pensacola line.
As rapidly as the road reaches them, the lands adja-
cent to the road will futnls' naval stores, lumber and






52



eye A 3

'' *. 9 $

JUSTICE OF THEPEACE FOR ESCAMBIA COUNTY.



OFFICE OPPOSITE THE OFFICE OP THE
COUNTY JTIDGE,



... fsAcbLA,.IX."
/ tV



'c. 'C.T OGB,' JR.& .
O, "", *; oL -.AL *

,' .' .4 '" 'A
c)0 m I M'8 3 .XTj 0 1r & mi
NO.. II OI TH PALAOX ST., PENSAOOELA
Keep a .omplqte lipe of Printers' ,Mtor, Blank .Bobk, Letter
k, B k, Iq i oo et A o alr, T-
*, biob',;an d m0ers Articlu.



21op, -- -- --, A- Kn U; d.'.i ,1,., --L.
ta
,M l', C.' : .....,, ", "



Meal, Grits, a Pd 4ps cr .. g. .t.opqolm li4p s e*td
,Q z i in ro and otsa. .. b
T Ql o ., n, ,c ts' ,I I' 7 ,
~V dko,,t pdim, )cta ea op, te b I ,
Pr A 4.








timber for transportation by txr. The coQ ajyIwIll
al Ireluab n e raF r
,lj trirry tjo ,JM layu ,
' A company has already been organized to cut a log
canal from St. Andrew's through Otter Creek to Choc-
tawhatchie Bay. This can be done at small outlay,

pirny's chief terminus. These facts convey, very read-
ily and very strongly, the Value of lands covering sev-
eral degrees of latitude, and embracing not only the
finest Wrj ialsolo tH mate
adap:~: eB "d f < d fpln Bf erd tP1 W n the
State.
The through .tlvel of the t*uist, sportsman, plea1-
ure seek M9tth alid d~* WougtlWaers fr iJ,
froml Jacksonvile to ew Orleas, without change,
ia t a &cqif h i e MWidf Mj#kM& van-
nah, Pensacola, ] ille and New .leans wi be
mense. 4 29Vi, Y t Soul 1edaid dli t l tilve locations along
tbeheIA f At sAltleQt'nAy3'mieQ, after leaving
Pensacola, for residences Immediately on the salt
water. At this distance the line runs within a half
tmlei Blackw*at frmetlylh nown id 'Badad) aidd
throiigH MiIton-tAt vllgei *iilh' a "'ot latldi6n of
2,W00 lthsbitints- havhif sevi cirthe, schools,
mills of immi~n'se ~apaMity,'' for, hlid, and sash
factory, etc, etd. iht6' vl 1lae*s are remarkably
healthy, and are welf it6*oi1 esirable resorts for
pprte aficted withp.epolqon disea The eftcacy
of the climate, ip;thlisco xqq in, has been fully and
satisfactorily tested. About twenty miles from the
Apalaehicola River, the line runs through Marianna,
with a.gppglattn o~tl pt IoOO I whieh t t:the center
of the richest county in the State.


IMAGE BLEED









JONES, WILLIS & CO.,
-DEALERS IN-


-AND-

MILL FINDINGS,

Cas and Water Pipe,
Agricultural Implements,
Pumps, Stoves, Cuns,
Pistols, Etc., Etc.

AGENTS FOR TANITE EMIERY WHEELS,
LAFLIN & RAND'S CELEBRATED POW-
DER, FISCHER, LEAF & CO.'S MAN-
TELS AND GRATES, HOWE
SCALES, ATLAS EN-
GINE WORKS,
N. Y. BELTING AND PACKING COMPANY,
THE SIMONDS SAWS.

:P' E :" S A. OO L A, :FL A..
(COR. PALAFOX AND INTENDENTIA STS.)









The planters and merchants of Henry, Coffee, Dale,
Geneva and Covington counties, in Alabama, ow
without railroad facilti8s, asd who now haulovier fty
miles to Troy or the Chattahooehee River, would come
to the Pensacola & Atlantic Railroad, in many in-
stanc g with a saving of thirty miles haul. As stated,
the streams from these counties will bring to this road
great wealth In timber and logs for mUls on Its lIte.
The Pensacola & Atlantic road will make through
business for the Pensacola road, and it would carry ten
through passengers where the Pensacola road now
carries one.
By reason of Its connection with the Louisville &
Nashville system of railways, which owns a large pro-
portion of the capital stock of the Pensacola & Atlantic
Railroad, this line has splendid northern and western
connections.
The Louisville & Nashville Railroad (Pensacola
Division) is, also, one of the most important factors of
Pensacola's business development. When the connec-
tion with the Mobile & Montgomery road was com-
pleted some ten or twelve years ago, the city of Pensa-
cola immediately felt the beneficial effects of that high-
way of commerce, and population increased, business
was augmented and became more thrifty, while Pensa-
cola constantly grew in importance an a timber and
.lumber market, until it has reached that exalted posi-
tion which leaves it without a rival on the American
Continent. Great as were the benefits derived from
the construction of this line, whereby Pensacola was
placed In rail communication with the outside world,
still more beneficent have been the effects which have
,followed its transfer tothp L. & N. system. The old
discrimination as to freight and passenger fare have
been removed, and now Pensacola stands upon pre-
cisely the same plane tnat is held by Mobile. Indeed








ti p iiI WAUN A


0 ul mm&- h
i:: k~lJa 4d~ lni




~'AJ.SEVERA STATES


Ur, Sp~faI ittlention given ta inIoas" andmotMA~ Obikt*5
W., VJ: yA!U(Lco, .

g~ oE-tDWTh A,#Z1yi27S


pml LAODS AND EH1L PJMPERY Mk'SAL
2s M
*~4-~J .. I.. ~
OflTCR' iii't~l 'iabrn' C d~jll'T6TPInat (irhh ~ a~t~BFOnt-









every tl- Ifreftad, passenger faeP ,wch is
issued MoILisu aI iA c A d the
result has been that this liberal policy has given quite
aImituo t e wholesale an retail trade this
tp n ity oJ e I
i yn exte ed t
t tT e ha n lin Ittwl
the L. & N. system, but Mbile as such competition in
the Mobile & Ohio 0 TQ ;d,?W the L. & N. system
very g ousygives Pensacola all the beethiCh
f PerAjilt&&l qIte
an Important point for the importation of guano, and
over the line of this -gE Aalge quantities of this
fertilizer are distributed throughout Alabama and
'Tennessee. se = 4 of 'a' W--)
It is CffWMYy Lff f s f the L.
& N. and the P. & A. roads, that upon the completion,
thsoon t Lo^ed p of, the Al, tlor

preferred route of travel from the North and North-
west to the Wd
One evW 4 yO4 1 nsacola
Division of the L. & N. Railroad-due to the excel-
lence of4hq ,jcal management and thAM .m V
(or fd"Was the center ofa floturl dm1or
is the fact ascertained last Summer from the books of
thg mpany thatIts freights from JtqmQttftb l
February, March, April, May and June, increased in a
steady ratio, which wa a mn ,t,,rejanrkle showing
for a Southern' ity. It ha ainmoot Invariably been the
cese in this section that the towns and cities have de-


Winter months, and an increase of business in the
suresittrpe rinlisM ;l WiAR A W 44


IMAGE BLEED





58

BRADSTREE1^S
p I i

POCKET g ATT A
-OF T -' ..

UNITED STAX
-AND-
S1 i







4ig t 1


mJUti P P6CARC.
I, f I
400 WA ,BINGTON -ST.BOION.
400 WA HINTON .T.N.








tiop to phpdeneral rle. W e ave ery reince
th =J3i-y of he piedlctonb 1 thisb rild nMI
who prophesy that when the P. & A. trains commence
rtuanJg thro h, making regular connection with
Savan q il JackonOvilIp, tlRj( ,: business
will be immensely increased. In Juxtaposition to what
has been said as to our shipping and means of interior


vicinity, from which source so large a proportion of the
sawurmb4r nd lumberwhich constitute the leading

0. W. ROBINSON'S MILLS.
The mill known as the McLane Mill, the property of

Bay =1,1, rr in't acola Mn fw lWtA
in 1868, by Dr. McLane, subsequently purchased by Mr.
Robinson, who now operates it. It employs thirty-one
hands, with average wages per diem of $1.M6. Its ca-
pacity per day is 85,000 feet of lumber, and 60,000 for a
rPati b6bth day and Aght. Trtwe hundred le6g re
disposed of by this mill each'day. 'he production bf
this raill for h last year was 6 60,00 feet of lumber.
Mr. Robinson is justly called "King Lumberman of
West Florida," and owns in all three of the finest mills
in this section. His second mill Is known as "Robin-
son's New "aljjls bytf l* ntleman in
1878, and is locate at IMlviw. This employs about
thirty-two hands, at an average of $1.50 per day, and it
is bPr rwl*bg ta hot 6lhow io Wiet ig 6 bt gWfTMt
for the entire year. The capacity of this mill is 45,000
feet per day, and 90,000 aggregate for day and night
ru. 'Two hundred and fifty legs are ed a day,
wb~Me wnt to swell the productt~n of ,ist er to
11,000,000 feet of lumber. We are giving out more
facts regarding these mills, that Is their capacity


IMAGE BLEED











. ; 4I I .






mej ivai.vmn''m *



I, 11, s. I 'l ''
Wmpmw u rW11

r~x~~irl;rtc#~ l~p~~~alMirw

-Ott ~riceuIzIin r are marked on em s


ttt~~j941a ,7fr~'pianq A~i A' iI; iP''M RcY
by f91Q ~ $J~I 5 'Tpr~qjte~pw~ )~i~~ .t,1i 1'of it
niost .c h*~ktlt ruN RB'mU ~zdlVttr. :Ii io-iiii .'i l


~A' iiioii~L -I IIiw .I9ii P57 *l ~
4,10UIS 9e ,l4; ftbrs?







* Wre pI~n~eupjaa $l~tfj~lf'rldbriwthur~4la* .,trto .p*J
qr nofArekr#ri 44C~ fd 4lr4p~k te **lxiu~k~


115 MAIN STREET, CINCIONATI, OhIO.








and dr tails alo ne, g to want of
SDodr Sa
Jen mnakeHI
Iwner of ree mill, more than any other one ma
can boast of in this section of the country. It will be
seen that from the facts stated regard gh e otlr
mills, they are exMrl e b t a4a 'etIt
here will be th nest jd m astonenent i
section. It will be completed in May next. It will
g an average of 1.A50
and 100,000 feet of
umer. I capacity wi be ,000,000. Without doubt
it will be a vatable mill.
ESCAMBIA MILL
Is situated on the so 6 Ii iF9tq 4 B*y.t1
eight miles north fiom Pensacola, and two miles from
mouth of Escambla River. There has been a mill in
t lydiO t l mill was
hit jM.^^h A Ai ylO. IV. Wright.
The basement is of brick and the covering of corru-
gated Iron. Of the numerous mills that have been
0ton E this Iq 4 n one

wner4I'idse t p rr~ l"

in manu acting at at point for the past eght years,
employing some thirty men, and cutting from 25,000 to
30,000 feet p1 1Lrj am

This Institution was established in January, 1871, by
the present proprietor, B. R. Pitt, a gentleman of pror-
erbia*d sad iJ hl tfbt Yt Ay*rs has
manufactured aboul' n 0 91r f 6Q0,000 feet of lum-
ber each year Into ceiling, flooring, mouldings, case*
an*91M ai ioii-fAregod mnb** uso 1 1-
ngs. Mr.'VtWemioya'about ielve' mn, nd
out about $500 per month in wages. He is justly



IMAGE BLEED








MARVIN SAFE Co,
,1 A,
265 BROADWAY.'." "


.li /


3 CHESTNUT,


S- t. '*, .


1PHILADELPIA.
I. 1 1 '' 6"


r ""', B" 1 4' .

i LILL n
-,. n .s : -..
, I 4' 4 ,I,. "r ,,. ,, ) I-t,, 'r" 11 I"


62









regard o bo *oet l.
SIMPSON COI8 MILL8.
The first mill owned by the founder of this firm was
built by the father of Mr. E. E. Simpson, on Simpson's
River, near thi-rcK n!)101. Thie 4lm developed from
this first enterprise owned their first mill at Arcadia,
a place about two miles from their present location,
which 6aa WKte# mNLtaste"Ig IS9, 'by Mr; Josepb
Fo;rJtldd ti e Shnl ]t-wl T he 'co any t-
moved to their present location in 1840, but the mills
then owned by them were teatroyed during the war.
At the close of the war they started with what is called
the "Old Mill," which is now out of use. Their busi-
nei a w keaa 4teri W i*fiadj (b e #reilb4
of what is rnown as te "Island Mill," and yet later by
the "Gang Mill," which is as fine a mill as can be
desired.- a .nT ar*,dj Qow t ^ Isljpd4 nd Gang
Mills," which employ in the aggregate 120 hands. The
capacity of the two mills is 75,000 feet of lumber per
d Ilk As f0L the it
year was --,- feet or m r cationBc-
water, Florida, twenty miles from Pensacola.
.- ; fta ddBA T.iYrwsrs~li :4'aI.LE' *
This mill is situated immediately in Pensacola,
within the city limits, and is known as a fine piece of

h 1if 1La"V=KWWVV thevr fWmmitioAw rZo
the fact that being within the city limits, it disposes of
a vast amount of mn4lerJa. tor b that is burnt or
otherwise destroyed by other mifls. The old mill was
destroyed by fire last Summer. The capacity of this
I1.rwrP',oQQ 4 Efgim beM pwr da y-lTilg a t-
ployment to thlrty hands at $1.50 per day each. The
prod uaMtefiear 's mpW h of Mitir It
is located oQ tp i e p gerst roilsite in Florida.
This mill was bIitrhe dbwl ra l gii blt has ,been


IMAGE BLEED
















Ail


:-il wo I t



D, F-4 V
-filli oda (V: ') h.i )d. lid -l"01*A1I*,i V,
,Um o If- 1,0- 140"7 ii i' 'N.? -1I if -4 I

J4A im -


o Io

.11us (tft. wd f n
*jr i.; PD,,)~hL~j~l iat '.7 Y10i .j ~) ij ,' tj *)9








AT (1 1.1 ; ,hk .I&Iodhlvo
If V 7 0



!,1-r, '- 'q.i! t ,* Zltntqgi? vI) *F'~ igUjH ~nt'~ l1Jad h&1r 'hi
Ii, JDI IR a: gf I r iuuom a t:
.' ~i AlrdtbWl .)( rl wii~iJ~dbyoi''. iw;1
ii' I~ 'I' l iiI'tr l '~t .I9IILUU II'IMIu frl~tl (41t b9,Q1 J, '
Dia~1x 6wiuwd i Illf4n L JIi, I~) nurtc~lI



Df 'tfttt~i i: lus -IIlS~r~b~~ aI4










SbJtled, d i = Aa, trell

This mill is situated at Millview, on Perdido Bay,
and was built ip 1873, by Perdido Bay Lumber Com-
pany. It is now owned and operated by the Seminole
Lumber Company. It gives employment to eight -



This mill has been in operation about eight years,
but has been owned, by Mr. W. L. Wittich only about
three years. Its daily capacity, from six to srx o'clock,
day work Is 00 feetvhile itA sabott6M q feet with
adad 4Irhily ciu mptmiomo of togs
is fr o'ng theiie t year thimill cut
between 7,000,000 and 8,000,000 and manufactured be-
t*' =j r' 6f"O fe 9 iuof(dqi4 fh

There Is a number of other mills in this section, the
data con hpI clAhicvlCT- bLd. b Atather.
Conseqltat iia~H~'d s Iifn'tn their
location. They are one and all fine mills, and are
fitted up with All 6f the late modern mill improve-
ments, which the business in this section demands.

operated by Mr. George Marquis; "Molino Mills,"
situated on t4le pensacola rZfIroad twenty-one miles
from Pensanuea, owned aid opea&ted by Mr. D.
F. Sullivan; "Bluff Springs Mill," located at Bluff

water River, thirty-eight miles from Pensacola, owned
and o~I IBtW WStsrrP l T hoi'".OMIrman's



IMAGE BLEED







H. J. BAKER &BRO.,
PROPRIRETORS OFr T
H U lo' 0 :ih '
Bt In s orts,
MANUFACTITLERS OF

REFINED BORAX
CHEMICAL FERTILIZER,


AND IMPORTXEB OF ,

S--Tr- MCaT4itLB Sa, a7,
.. '; **' :
I -Q .1111 l ",L

O. 216IPEAIIRl'B'.v1W YORE.









Planing cIU i Jpeacola, owned ind operated by
Messrs. C & Co.l Bu r MilUj at Pen-
sacola, b 'esBrent EBr6s.; "Brint's MFll," near
Pensacola Junction, and any number of water mills all
through this section, the points concerning which it
would be impossible to glean or even give the number.
The mills also in the Choctawhatchie region, about
thirty miles from Pensacola, are without number, the
most prominent of which are the "McLane Mill,"
" Criglar Mill," and "Grey's Mill," with post office at
PoiWt Wssh4gtoh, Hodfla. 'Thea-mills, and all mills
mentioned as b;eirgout0 of Pertsacola, are still de-
ipndent on Pensacola as their shipping point, as there
is not a foot of lumber sawn at the mills mentioned
that is not shipped through Pensaco~. Consider then
;hWiVd*6adXof th<(e hinlos to p9r cffy.
BUFFALO MILL.
This mill is situated on the Escambia River, about
twenty miles above Pensacola, and is also owned by
Mr. Wittich. It give employment to about sixteen
hands, 'itl a ~aggr it pecity about 20,00 feet. Cut last year between 4,000),
N)0 and 6000,000 feet of lumber.
Escambia is.the location of the mill already referred

thebtautiful grov-rof live obis which ador' the ro-
mantic Bluffs of that vicinity, has grown up quite a
little village, including the charming residence of the
proprietor and the les pretentious residences of his
employes. There is here a public hall, used for both
religious services and school purpose. There is also a
church fo l4l4e l4 ffT ee)le$A #h4f used for
piling the lumber, extending Into the'biy to a depth of
eight feet of water, available for both steam and sail
craft drawing that depth of water.
"Agtl) nWWybo4"Wf Qhli)tc lthat hadorn the



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4 1 A 1 1 Ai I % R-T;- 1,ii61 ol IisWf1tP t -iiT 'i

p t- loo *,igf' -s-IA Tf1I~ Ifixid-s.#' btoll i-4ivi'ol,w'fII




... Vt sftvj..f. )_kI 0 I t-E l pi t,

112 and Hll VISY FOMRY! !YT.:9UiVN=AT











the beautll live oaks has been preserved intact by
the proprietor, and presents a weird and fascinating
attraction to t qt lst nd pleasure seeker,.
Oyster flktf ii iniij Jj M ~~.iJrequires
but the catching to procure a feast that will delight the
epicure. This is an old established point, with abund-
ance of fruit growtng,and has for the past thirty years
been a prosperous point for manufacturing lumber,
and never more so than under the direction of its pres-
ejt i0 4lAi T*' aW oC ut i al 61 ,i*. mil(i1
feet of lumber, and is being enlarged to increase the
capacity to double the present amount by the substitu-
tion of a larger engine an4d.te most modern saw mill
machinery, that will make it equal to any single mill
in the Port of Pensacola. For health the place is equal
to any loc & W.lilSyEC mnh bWi two deaths
occurring nlrlr W t flzi Ufl rlal disease.
Another spot of interest in the neighborhood is the
site of the Arcadia Manufacturing Company, which
wM di l4Tin iflkjnosd t ork.ath^ m li
from Bagdad. -This factory was projected by Jos.
Forsyth, Henry Hyer, E. E. Simpson and others, was
established in 1844, and 4ad a C~ap/ity of 2,000 spin-
dles and thirty lbliN." 'It beklF turned out 1,200
yatrdtn O&A4t MLU 3,<01e nd 4af ynan from
No. 5 to No. 12, using from 20 to 24 bales of cotton.
These goods sold from these mills commanded from t
to o of a cen ~ 4~ i tgarTy pt 14tS other coarse
S)goollpnl th.*Tb iera es wee Al slaves,
and ft lh mm l rtf h itfahi cdt'&vek $140,000.
The last three months of the mill's existence it cleared
$7,000. The water powr ,it-flient to run 5,00 spin-
dles easily and the st(eim "eEaDei. It is tuflted
on th& .l.-ftsj~1ibI mlpilie.:- 'Free



IMAGE BLEED








The Falls of Schylki
I ; : . .
/ i i i
;aet


l


BY JOHN & JAMES DO(BSON.

N F w.IA I E I" ,




S, 1 ,
/ / :

.s." ,.; :'- ft"',, ; ;; ,I,: L
40 ajad 42-W3est .ourteaothp Street.

S,' PHdIADEIJPNIA. :;,


*1 v:I BON t tt .,i
.' ,+ + i g g,., ,., .. r ,
654 ,,W,+i-^,a^,t..









labrls bia Lntbntn i ylclity, 9$ chap^r than
wAs slave flabr Tiere is no ener opening in e coun-
try for capitalists of manufacturin- skill to locate. The
magnificent saced" Tc the' A Aradir Co khijir *te
with before the war, when the mills were burned, attest
how much more proftable with all the new facilities
woeLib aid Iduit"( Atln this property. We hope to
see mills established there ere many months have
elapsed, especially as Arcadia Is one of the healthiest

Another point which promises to he very attractive
in the vicinity qfwPqaqoIt ts the new village of Lake
de Funlak, loc ated on 'te line'oT the P. & A. Railroad,
at a comfortable distance from this city. It is a point
of many natar j advatages, hlch are now being de-
veloped, and whh wlU assuredly attract large num-
bers of Summer and Winter visitors. The proprietors
of thisPMllrna da lp d I tpr" fo e(nut com-
modlous hoes, and o render the hunfing and fishing
convenient and accessible to the sportsmen who may
visit the State in search of all varieties ofgame. They
wJl tl a -n4 l It a center 9f edittationaed niuence,
Ihtenr ~tg t4 es blish ( tn stls th., b male jrd fe~itle,
of the highest standards of scholarship. Nearer home
and on a different scale, will be found within a pleasant
car-ride or boat-pall from Pensacola the pleasant little
resort of MXqgiipwhich tf., been: located -for the con-
venience of visitors as well as citizens, being only a
few miles from the heart of the city--ust a pleasant
row or drive, and in very quick reach by the P. & A.
Idtr A2 ai 'lYaUjL .' i i miles
Ielow this city, near the mouth of the harbor, and with
Warrlngton on one side and Woolsey on the other, is
one of the best situated in this country; and the yard
proper, toither with'the adjacent villges mentioned,


IMAGE BLEED








GEORGE f.)F..(, ,,A

GENERAL' MAOHI'1 S ?mIift a y.
I k it .11 u .$ilII4rtIt, o1r1m' j I I(I,


2281 to 24 Pennsy1v .,i


i4Ti i 'A i I

and HlindEI~vators. Brew I~ w Ak kw~1616 snLd t SaLIpd'So
of beivy ~wdi+ a sp~e Aaty. Phdkiiltd ifMbsfruh ( e
III I .- I (,P

ii 1 l
I I ivi. jt IIIlI'.iii* INt In l'~5'd it .NO l t ff! fIi(I

FINER EI I IStEL~ NS

.1 I n iWi' I fiIl OI fa .4 1' 4inIit !lI iff-11114,41 -to il hi ,





I I! II~i "n( (tn 1'i N jl7rf.I *0,lr i.1t l* 4111t D*i,

..I~ofitto Iftf [1,- 41)1 -OC140 lit) fV411*14 111-11-1
























































IC' i: f

St *
f


IMAGE BLEED








BENJ. ROBINSON,
ATTORNEY-AT-L:AW
WILL PRACTICE IN ALL TE COURTS.
an-1 ZWetset somen 4l Ea SOlA.
Retaiers in important oase so66pted in the
courts of all counties in Flort anmd
Alabsma asoessible by ral.
Fees resonable,
Puanetu Attetvon to all orresmpoRmn e Sad Bulae.
W. A. MAR8CA~LK E tBd, ditk Admve-4atte.
MAJ. F. O. fUMPHREYS, PodMtute.
COL. J. M. ITAABLB, Collector of Outose.
W. A. 8. WIMILER, ESQ., Oaue Pin national Bank.
F. 0. BR NT 9, Baker.
C. L. L aBARON, q., Speath oul.
DR.. A. RG. BEHA. AL~RT rIRA, SEQ.
D. 0G BRENT, B8Q. DL B. B. 8. kHARIS.



Is TaE 8sT P"LAO O BstTo D YOU*

8. KAHN & 00., Proprie s.

CADE E. SHACKEL;RD,
SOMMIFSRON ME stHAHT
.. -, : ., ;, 4 "
~.^* P ,,, i'W. # P.N NlK2SAju
SY*M Mf^1P










which is one of the oldest orange groves in West
Florida. The site is a beautiful one, and there are a
number of charming spots in its immediate vicinity
which we have no doubt will at no remote time be im-
proved pqas to become popular resorts for vialtors, not
only from tBie ty, l t from plRoes.aroad, both in the
ummwnerand itr? Nature has been very prodigal
with her gifts to all that bluff stretch on which they
stand, and the views are bewitchingly beautiful.
Further up the bay is the Ynelstra placg, which has
many 6alluremebt Ir the pleasure seeker, and where
none who ever visit it fiit to become enamored with
the delights which its lovely surrounding afford.
Below the city, and between its western shore-limit
and the Naval Reserve, is the Bayou Grande, which
has incomparable naturaladvantage, and which, with
the application of capital could be converted into a
very Paradise. So attractive a locality cannot long
remain in its present partially improved condition, but
must soon be converted into a resort of Fashion and
Amusement-Seekitn such as Lake End at New
Orleans. We have every reason to think that we may
ere long anticipate the inauguration of the necessary
steps to th c nswnaatloqn of tha$ end; and that a
beautiful dell maeadamiaed, 6r plank road will load
to it directly from the city over a short drive of six or
seven miles. ,
We mign t go on and il pageS-tth even the briefest
mention of similar points of'natural beauty, within
sight from the old Spanish fort at the north of the
city, where in time we shall see crowd of invalids and
merry-makleyr*ot aegaIng; ltptpace forbids, and wb
must asten t9 bther fields of narration.
Indenital no less to the shipping interests of the
port than to the retall trade of the city, we totih our
benevolent and religioms insittutions. Fir.t mentioned,










)obi e IW.

A Weekly Newsp..

PUBLISHED AT

NO. 48' NORTH ROYAL ST.,



iEEavr stauriwnum


SMOMIL, ALA.,
*i I '
JCit _,Ni ;' F ::. I, &,* *I 1 "

)UA









which must nqQOij thntied4 at thi point of this nar-
rative, it is deemed important, because of the numerical
streugkh Q!f;1 inejnbership apd, the eflWt wtich i
exertt$ $h gyberal #ktec t : of the. cO ntty,
that we s~iotd hietf notice the ytevedore ansd Bay-
men's organtlations of this pot: The parent society
was llra K 1 upder the napWerof tit'fOve-
doreat f ti'n io. 1 of. PeBnola. In
co-operation with it was a body of negroes calling
themselves Stevedores'lBenevolent Assoc t~g n No. 2.
It has mo 'w ig l and1 I'nas~, w ya split in
1877, anda ne. asoclatfonorganized, under the name
of Citiseo6' aid' ~yinen's Benevolent Association, the
old association w*Irkin with the negroesAndthe new
independently. thitlgs went well for a while, but an
overthrow was tbresthied, which was prevented by
the eo.il) 9gl te twol IxQjIQ^Bted' in 1879,
retaining the name of the old saaoelation. One must
be in thbM ftt Florida one yeay pevious to ppica-
tion rO a. bea*ra ip. Intattltfc e $8; 4 monthly
and funeral dues, 50 eats each. Up to Jan. 1, 1882,
wages were $8, $5, and $7 per day; but on that day an
increase ofit a dfty was asked auO obtained. The
aisocition burilc its members and pays the sick $1
per d1sy4 It Is a-claiteabe inIs*) io* andt-has ufteii
ree'edd'isttMVr thfit had no cIhtii upon'it. The ne-
groei of Pensacola are. on recount of the good wages
paid, iPt.e pet.pjLperous of theiX.race ijtthe South.
There ar r .iniy other benevolent organizations in
the city, the ghlef of these being the Masouic Frater-
nity, whleti Ia H 't1 .|i mmeft eraltp. The lodge at this
place is Facambhl Lodge No. 15, which owns a commso
diou. Masonic Building on the northwest corner of
Z imumsa'nd Comamndancta sheets. Of the pur-
p es of this order it is unnecessary to speak; for,
havilagexlstd for centuries, its esoteric teachings and






78



JEWELRY STORE


::0:
:P. ]. X3Ersr',

Dealer in Watches, Clock, Jeno/y, Etc., Etc.
Everything in his line carefully repaired. engraving In every style
of the art. Next door to Wright's Corner,
on Government Street.
ilmar & awUTr,

GONTRAGTORS, BUILDERS,



Wort Electel With lealess ad1 Dispatcli
Estimates Made on Wood and Masonry Work.

JOB WORK A SPECIALTY.

-ourr 3Plftat3q*x r.spth r opr Uy aotteed.
All orders left at D'Alembertt's Drag Store promptly attended.









practices Ore kiowa to he peqples of all civilized
lands. 'The' work o the Masonic Fraternity during
the Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1882 was constant, un-
remitting and effective, and was in keeping with the
admonitions of duty which the order Instrcts.
The Independent Order of Odd Fellows have two
lodges in this city, both of which are in a most flour-
ishing condition-the one Pensacola Lodge No. 4, and
the other Jopp. Lodge No. 6. They have their hall on
Palafox, between Intendentia and Romana streets.
During the recent Epidemic in tis, city. thee members
of these lodges were constant in their attentions to the
sick and destitute, and displayed a benevolence and
efdciency thatwas honorable alike to the individual
members themselves and to the ancient order of
which they are members.
The Knights of Pythias, also, have, lodge in Pensa-
cola, with about thirty-five members. It is Pensacola
Lodge No. 8. This order was organized Nov. 14, 1881,
and meets every Monday night at Odd Fellows' Hal.
The American Legion of Honor and the Knights of
Honor each have organized branches in this city. Be-
sides those enumerated there are several other benev-
olent associations.
The city of Peasacola is well supplied with religious
services. nuch the largest communion is that of the *
Roman Catholic Church. Its building on Government
street which wa njh too smill for the, 'eds of the
on.~g i it~ taltally burned a few months
ago. However, the Church had already taken steps to
erect a new edflee on Palafox street, the completion of
which will be hastened by the misfortune mentioned.
The new structure will be most commodious and com-
fortable, ait ~ie Of the most imposinlg architectural
ornaments of the city. May we not hope that few
moons will wax and wane before its portals am open.






80


Am. jgio. |iairgpii
OFFICE HOURS : s8 tpl,0 4.rA a, o ,43. M.,
and 6 to 8 P. ,

OMe, Bay/en $St, na 'V g.
*E-ossP:z P. .

ATTOrNEY AND COU Ct;UR-A-t AW.

Omee: N, W. OCeraer aafex ad latd i4. (Up toaLn),


ar nPaatices n 'the State ald Pedenil CO rt.
F. GC. RENrHA M. D.,

psrs.r=T4..3 9A ~ Az3? ar" tao -w.

OFFICE, 8. B. CO. PALAPOX AND ImAJA I tA.,




mM wr: tN* 0*-A1 DM*A13k T .*


IL L- ,**" ; ~
6, ~d~ljL






S11

~lt~'L~a~.~ CB~btr]~n p ~Etri41 Ptlk*s
'j,~c~r fk~r~li to v dW ed hridt Chmi andsr
s irts wdor aftmegure. The iamgvwpwos Is
Pro m SC Weima 01. 8Amsethat
flu ?rgbC4gda (hurch Ison In-tbdefta srtset,
~ b~m 1brllpr i Ahdlcs~afab an scored bqyk
IDA&icient, ,sti ft

The P Cebl herh, on G-Ovenqmeut shut mad aemr
SpSiiiitbupl1 not at S set remm nuppul* wo ta
wa s-ins tbW j~tpta that the toted
am's xq*.nie hWt tbd psubctlon of hi. aloble atiel
lO~Ilib USh~4tb knak at NOWiq lsb* do
bp~ta .l~t~s4UE w of
rxiiiial set only of books p&t
4j" E*t Maker, an -mtal*We iwj dId
yb~olly uqiersrW ut yrfinoludy ged6 he wa yen

am W10 W" he bed, t ough the dot"s of hIs mln.
11I79 bu. ss4*su~t, Tlp~wft~r tmik a mom"ib
tha Peinsees OWNld S .am to spa.l yet
aembrmwm Mw good


se.I kid ma IWub


01.00 WS *. --t





W:

















ST, PP iu it
Aiixn











-i n I







-WAI -.Vo.l d OF en- I 4't
q6

.i. .'0
c;--Ph~~~8~hns rtSm a~ hr


r~~~3;0,!~~~~~~a, ~ I,~~I~ ; $. ,EBO~b

,Emhu M,5flz;m*. W~ftwi BMieti Ef




(i r"l ~ ~ Ii
IA1Whm I .s-iiI11 tr










itiMsrg e, .ev, J.. BoiV t .very tMreet t his
work and a most agreeable preacher.
The-J4wnes.,of ensaaoamea principaUy bandled
by tI)BP 141 na4 rent'$ bM>e* of
the uio v|t nod 4d. ig injtiVtjlJi .) tihe
comrn ee of the city is such as to employ to the ut-
most te t.nkhly c;p ainvestas, and it is, reported
tltj'iltew be"l w1l be established., The bak-
nese publc has reason to congratulate itself upon the
fact that the officers of these institutions are most
obUgiag Mwd;elortes-4ai copsequently, Jiutly popuq
lar In thfedt. *-
The steamers in our Bay have been reduced in num-
besanndt the oR peket $that constantly visits us is
the Mary Morgan," Tb|jel tijo the Mobile, Warring-
ton, Pensacola and Miltoi trade. It is understood
that Mr. D. F. Sullivan, who is engaged in the shipping
a0d thihbr buspess of the port, has on Ahe Clyde docks
some steaq bipse,wIck.are Mteonded to ply between
this port and Liyerpopl. ,
We do not connect this enterprise with that of Mr.
Dialogue, of Wilmington, Delaware, who has recently
been to Mobile:consulting %ilth capitalists there in ref-
erence to the getphla4Bett of ,fey jftO*. Qitm cor-
rectly he anticipated a commerce with Mexico, but
qaite Inaccurately Mr. Dauner, of that city, who re-
gards the coal Jiteetas a 4tm optant oner and who
hopes to fld a new market in the republics south of
us,thinks that betpaPensacola has only ope railway
line, that wq wfl never beo competitors. Let Mobiledo
its ntmbost t advance ifts 'ittesat, and we shall make
no complaint. But rwe serve notice on those etter-
prising people when we state that the cosmopedls of
Florida intends( to. lead thb- iaa of --alb 4b Ollf
port In. their Brlarlan movements for commercial
conquest lit the countries, that lie south of us










CHILL AND FEVER
TONIC PILLR.

BEST RMEDY EVER DISCOVERED.
NO OuININE, NO ARS0NIC. #W MERCURY, n
NARCOTICS.
Can be taken with ipunity by all
Classes, Ages, Sexes
and Conditions.
A Cure Guaranteed if Directions are Properly
fotfowed, or money will be refunded.
Srioe F'fty Cents per box.
Sent marwhere in the United. States on receipt
of the price. Liberal discount to the trade.
---R :o:e
Address, '' -
-FRANCIS MARSCHALK, Proprietor,
Pensacola, Fla,









and -beckn ua to needed impulse of development.
The present business uf tis city, from the coal-
mines, is a small one; but it will grow immeasureably
when we ffan (raasportatToa to paying market. It
may bt trnee now, that our foreign exports mre all
timber or lumber; yet had W ttMs searee of health ,
aloqe, we would still stand far advanced beyond our
Anjirlkan qepoft rivals. The immddlate Future wr 1
reveal to our capitalists new fields of investment; the
pine foate~ will not only supply the hahitations of
men wtt bftdliug materfa, but they 11! mari e us a
mart d navarstores, attracting the attentloh of the
world's marine. And Cotton, the hoary monarch of
the e ld& j e heart of Alabqa wffl ff, pressed
through 'hose arteries of commerce, the Choctaw-
hatchie and the Conecuh, into our bay-to be trans-
mitted to the uttermost parts of the earth.
It nin not be kuown that our harbor has few rivals
on fhe Alantic or he Gulf shore. As to the Gulf, we
stand eret hii an unparalleled superiority. The
depth over our bar is adequate to the accommodation
of very large ships; and when the Federal Govern-
ment shall dispense us its bounty in the generous
manner tlat Mobile has been endowed, we shall be
able to float the navies of the universe. With the
railway and water communication of this city-as now
existant Iad as we have a right to expect-there can
be no possibility of expectation thAt we shall be neg-
lected In the coming time.
With a sailing Vebse bott6mry that by registry far
excies that of any United Slates port, we shall soon be
able to compete with those places that direct the
steamship tiade of the universe. And, while Pensa-
cola now is only in the wood business, we iftay soon
anticipate a large part of the carrying trade in iron
and'coal. This we will do despite all tariff bills; be-










UNRY


S.


WHlm,


S--MERCOMMERCIAL


iP I T




'I


son a
S. 'it

P--l, iN
.. ; *( .f ** .' : '' ^? *


NO. 11 BIRTH PAAFOJ ST.,


4. ,. #


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ii
I I,
dr : ~ :fatt, "; "; t ..? ~i~ iilrf~fi I?) Illcii
X


* r**-- *v *


* exuMMUIAlJc B n s TI? r


-. ,k:aes"e p6 pao &- ,a ble .' .
A~ ~6~i 3~4Sinp~ ~ ~VU~aSS~. l.40


__ ___~_ ~


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causethe hand of Nature has conferred qn Birming-
ham dad its adjuncts a superiority that1,eeds onl.. to
be tested to beappreciated.
Messrs. Dqun4n, JEwing & Co, who are at Liverpool,
England, have been printing their "Annual Circular,"
whbch'embraces a moat nstruotive and readable pre-
sentation of facts in respect .to the wood, lumber, and
timber trade between America, and, the ,seaports of
Great Brltaibh. IU.ascribes to Pensacola for 1878, only
40 esisels;I in'1876 as many as 80; in 1880 no more than
41; in 1881 an increase up to47; and, In 1882, vessels In
ni ubeAr L Bat,not a word is aiA alkout $he amowpt
oftinalgb I t may not be altogether ascribable to our
positive advantages as a shipping point that Mobile
and Pascagoula onlysent out 21 vessels in '82; 26 In '81;
1D n,0; n 6 '79 and I I 1 '7, Even the great prt; of
savannah, with a1 the shipping from Beaufort, 8. 0
aeqiqnat4t did not distance thi p.-Oqn i th
yea' having sent, with Fernandina and Apalachicola
thrown in only about A1 argoeqa .a in lags dqg
&np^ ft g apes, and wsalaukpood, imported
SSfie h~6nber of 8,981 logs, has been something of a
drug in that suneior center of trade. Good demand
and hgl. prleq are mentioned- but only p' ine, large-
sized wood commanded the top of the offered pay.
B t".ob handfaiTonoticed as 4smal; iid there ought
to be some ad Vance in the prevailing lrice. That, at
least, is o o n'on; on thl4 side erte Atlprtic.
The public buildings of the city have not as yet,
ith fe exceptionA, been aui 4 ,th apy .architeo
t irtge d'tlendor. One, loweer, that does not
tl in' this category Is the Grand Opera House, on
the cornet of al G O riq treets, built
during this as uim" r and Fall by Mr. D. F. Sulli-
va9. Th b'j ing will also be usged as ,a oQReafrj
t |fri2Q 2al Bank, of which the proprietor of







J-. C-. "WOOD,
HACK NO. 5.
The nicest bh'k and team in the city. Always ready to serve the
driving public. Refen to his c iutama-tbh
entire peoEle of Peaso ols.
DR. J. Z. CRAVEY,

"ea"sD.co ls, J.ea..

DEBAiS OF THE 8EB A SPlCIALT.
Dr J. C; itia. Dr. W. IBr

DRS. WHITING & ROSS,
Pensacola, Florida.
Opte.: Intendnt a5, between Pofoe and BA "
THOSE. C. WATSON,
Insura d-n and- Amga
NS=a TO CIT HIOMZL,
PENSACOLA, FLORIDA.










the building Is President It is nearly ready for use.
It is pretty weH understood now that tie building of
the Customs and Court House by the Federal Govern-
ment will sooh be commenced, and on the lot recently
enlarged for the purpose, at the corner of Palafox
and Governmenut a most handsome structure will be
erected, to costtwo hundred thousand dollars.
The Custom House office as well as the Court Room
of the UI, District and Circuit Court are at present
in rented quarters, Col. J. M. Tarble being Collector,
and Judges Pardee and Settle presiding in the United
SLatr C"trtn, with W. W, Wharton, Beq:, as teerk.
The Sfate Circuit Courts are held here semi-annu-
ally, and the County Court is-open continuously. There
is no County Court House, the officers having to use
rented baHdligs. However, we are pleased to know
that some steps are being taken in the direction of
building. The present Circuit Judge is the Honorable
A. F. Maxwell, and the County Judge is the Honorable
N. Shaocelfood.
The PoPt Office is kept In a rented bwAtding on Pala-
fox street, with Major F. C. Humphreys as Postmaster.
The new Union Depot of the P. & A.and the L. & N.
railroads Is a ery handsome and impodslg structure,
and stands in the northeastern part of the city, about
a mite from the bay. In this same vicinity is located
the Public School building, in which a large male and
female inbitute is- in operation, under the charge of
competent instructors.
Besides thi ere are severaL private schools in the
dty, which are well conducted and largely attended.
The youth of Pensacola have certainly no lack of
opportunities for the acquisition of education.
The recent epidemic which so disastrously visited
the city during the Summer and Fall of 1S82 has left
some tfeblded Impress upon the present business of








D. K. HICKEY,


IMPERIAL


m7xCE C


RUSSIAN


0O3,,73""r' ,


REl.7ST COA, FLOA G,
O "E.*T 3: O ? O TB :"S"T,
---IDA ALER IN--
DRY GOC DS, CLOTHING,


BOOT

Pensacola,


NOTIONS,


PROVISIONS, ETC.
Country order solicited.


SHOES,


Florida.
.5


N. C. SHACKELFORD,
COUNTY JUDGE.
ZAOffice i RRA nic SBuTldE.ia,
ZARRAGOSSA STREET.


PENSACOLA,


S,


.~Lc~Rs~Dn.










Pensacola; but this is fast wearing away, and we hope
we shall speedily have a return of that remarkable
prosperity, affecting every interest, which was ours (or
many months preceding that infliction.
It was a remarkable circumstance that freights both
to and from Pensacolk by rail and express had from
month to month for nearly a year increased, as had
every class of business; for it is not usual for Summer
in Southern cities to become the most busy of the
seasons.' The phenomena alluded to are probably ex-
plained by the fact that the principal export of 1882
was lumber and timber, which come to market at all
seasons, while the large cotton marts only receive their
best trade in the Fall and Winter. The cotton crop of
the adjacent county will probably be diverted in this
direction in the course of another season, and this,
augmented by the Naval Stores business, now being
rapidly developed, will, added to the pitch pine trade.
secure an unusual commerce. The present prices of
timber and lumber are not especially gratifying either
to the producers or shippers of our great staple; but
there is a prospect for improvement.
The steam-tug service of Pensacola Harbor is said
to be quite as good as that of any American port, and
we know it to be a most efficient one. The list em-
braces the Charles F. Nagle, the Toiler, the Water
Witch, theE. E. Simpson, the Echo, the Hercules, the
Ida Stockton, the Juno, the Mary Ida, the Mary
Louise, the Millie Wales, the Mary Wittich, the
Nellie, the Stella, the Santa Rosa and the W. J.
Keyser. Some idea can be had of the extent of the
exporting business of Pensacola when It is understood
that our population is only something between 10,000
and 18,000, yet almost constant and certainly very re-
munerative employment is given these seventeen
togs.








The New.Iron Steamer,


MARY


MORGAN.


The New Iron Steamer,


MARY


MORGAN.


The New Iron Steamer,


MARY I


W. CASTELLO, Master.


ORGAN.



.J. QUIGLEY, Purer.


For Warrington, Peneacota, Perdido, Bay Poffi Bagdad end
Milton.
Thif magnificent steamer has resumed her place in the above
trade. and will leave every Monday and Thursday evening at 4
o'clock.
Will leave Mqbile 4 o'clock Monday and Thursday evenIM and
Milton Tuesday and Friday evening about 2 o'clock. Fare, ehin,
to Milton, $5.00; round trip, $9.00; including all meals. Fare to
Pensacola, f4.00.
Having Ihad a thorough renovation, with model improvement ,
the trailing and shipping public may rely upon comoat and
promptness of asrtvals and departure.

*(-k.
\ .,-.: ^ ^ ;. ;- .. ^ :^
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There is only one Revenue Cutter at present em-
ployed in this Collection District, that being the new
vessel, the Walter Forward. Pensacola is about the
most central port of the district, which commences at
Mobile and extends to Key West on the extreme south-
ern territory of Florida.
It may not be out of place to say something of the
health of the place previous to and since the Yellow
Fever epidemic of 1882. The statistics established
most conclusively that our climate was an unequalled
one, and that nothing wap necessary to protect us from
endemic or epidemic diseases but a decent attention to
the drainage of the city, which can be made perfect
at a very small cost, and the establishment of a thor-
oughly effective quarantine. Last year the Board of
Health, composed of Robert B. S. Hargis, M. D., Presi-
dent; John C. Whiting, M. D., Secretary; D. G. Brent,
Obairman of the Executive Committee; G. A. Stanley,
Esq.; W.F. Fordham, M. D.; and B. R. Pitt, President
of the Board of County Commissioners and ex-offlcio
member, and the Mayor of the city, ex-officio member,
early in the season undertook to perfect the necessary
quarantine arrangements, but were not in a financial
condition to do so independently. Co-operation with
the National Board of Health, however, resulted, and
cribs and other improvements were constructed. Upon
the unqualified recommendation of Dr. Bemis, of New
Orleans, member of the National Board, a quarantine
physician was appointed and sent to the station.
Every confidence was reposed in the ability of the
Board to keep out the disease, and it relied implicitly
upon the quarantine physician sent them from New
Orleans, Dr. Carrington.. But the latter part of August
it passed the quarantine and made its appearance In
the hay and city. Whose fault this was has not yet
been ascertained and officially announced. One









thing, however, is certain-a great injury to the health
reoutatlon of Pensacola has resulted. It is hoped,
however, through the Sanitary Association and an
efficient quarantine, that epidemics will in future be
kept away. One thing is unquestionable, based on the
statements of old inhabitants of unquestionable verac-
ity and intelligence, that for years "Pensacola" was "a
place as distinguished for its health as any on the Con-
+inent," as wrote the late Commissioner Samuel R.
Overton to his brother as long ago as July 14th, 1822;
and another venerable gentleman says: It is a well
remembered fact that years ago, as long back as in
1841, thi city and vicinity was visited every summer by
large numbers of people who came here for their
health and for the splendid sea bathing, the fishing and
all the other tempting pleasures to be enjoyed in the
waters of our Bay. The old Ferdinand II Plaza in
those times was filled with the tents of families who
came down here from the interior of Alabama to spend
their Summers, and in the "forties there was a large
hotel, a few miles from the town, at Newton, which
was thronged with guests in Summer and closed in
Winter. The pine ridge on which the city is located is
drained perfectly by two streams on either side not
more than twenty miles apart."
The Fire Department here is a volunteer organiza-
tion, but quite as effective as could be expected with
the mail revenue which it commands to keep its ma-
chinery at work.
The wholesale business of Pensacola has not been
developed as could have been wished. Brent Brothersi
(p. 14) in Groceries, P. Brown (p. 28) and T. W. & 8, B.
Hutchinson (p. 96) in Furniture, J. J. Grant (p. 88) Ship
Chandlery, C. L. Gilbert & Co. (p. 40) in'Salt, J. B.
Guttman (p. 40) and M. E. Dey (p. 78) in Jewelry, I
Jones, Willis & Co. (p. 64) in Hardware and Mill









Findings, Dr. G. O. Brosnaham (p 82) in Drugs.
In the Real Estate and Insurance business are
the Messrs. Knowles Brothers (fly-leaf), Mr. T. C.
Watson (p. 88), and Mr. G. L. LeBaron (p. 56). W. A.
Vankirk is in the Real Estate business, and is Land
Agent for the P. & A. Railroad.
Our advertising pages will show that we do pot lack
for Hotels, as we have the Merchants', the City and
Dunn's Exchange, and the European. J. B. Roberts &
Son are in the Livery Stable business close to all these
hotels.
The Newspaper Press is highly creditable to the city.
The Advance-Gazette is Democratic, the Commercial,
Independent, and the Express, Republlcin.
Our Contractors and Builders are men of energy,
Messrs. A. V. Clubbs, S. S. Leonard and Berry & Drury
being the leaders in their line.
In the Clothing business is the old house of S. Bauer
& Co.; in Shoes, S. Kahn & Co. and Geo. W. Collins;
in Tobacco, Messrs. Laz. Jacohy and Otto Goldstuker;
in Photography, Messrs. Walker & Mancel; while in
the General Merchandise retail trade we may mention
the houses of H. Pfeiffer & Co., Cade Shackelford and
John Mooney. The Pottery of J. W. Kohler, recently
destroyed by fire, is being rebuilt. The Mills of M.
Gonzalez & Co. are advertised on page 52, and Escam-
bla Mills on page 44.
Messrs. C. C. Yonge & Co. have a notice of their Sta-
tionery business.
Among the leading consuls are Mr. C. L. LeBaron,
representing Spain; Mr. D. K. Hickey, representing
Russia; and Mr. W. McKenzIe Oerting, representing
Denmark.
This sketch Is closed. It has many imperfections.
It hasbeen a work of some labor and much love for
Pensacola.










HUTCHINSON I


HAVE THE LARGEST STOCK OF


ETC., ETC., IN WEST


FLORIDA.


WE ALSO SELL ON THE

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PENSACOLA,


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3"1.*r a2t11'e,

lc~aottreeses,












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(FPron' 0 o St. Ferdinand i
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A moat Acltcru rnd :tloeup" Theater, with t eatingg capacity of
I1OO. Anditdirium n the r.,ound ilnor, with Parquatte;
SDresi Citcl], at'd t-.od Cirile. A StAge 45Cx,
well sfockerd with mragnificeilt scenery.
rPlYt I sha, T re or will rent.
Apply to

S. IOWDEN, Manager.


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