* *-- r
ORANGE COUNTY, F
3y -. J:L
.A 0 A, ac. D.,
PUBLISHED BY THE
DR. Z, H. MASON
, PRESIDENT, REV*. W. G. F. WALLACE,
thi V .
* '' '-. < :'
s l ':
Iq i *
R. G. ROBINSON, SECRETARY.
I~ ~ I I-
: 1 '
NrD BY 'MARHLO
ety to prepare
vantaszes of th
solely the labc
years of reside
ing, and is thun
can be profital
ittee appointed by the Orange County Tmmingration Soci.
or publication a pamphlet descriptive of Orange County,
mit the following pages from the pen of Dr. Z. H. Mason,
hey will prove trustworthy and reliable as a source of in-
erning the Soil, Climate, Products, Resources and Ad-
beg leave to take this opportunity
under to Dr. Mason, who, at their
responsibility of authorship.
been well known for many years a
Florida, and brings to his aid n
tad experience in semi-tropical fruit
of expressing the
s an able and con-
nore than twenty
Culture and farm-
is able to speak advisedly of the resources, and of what
bly grown in this section of the State. To use his own
words, he has in the following pages "*confined himself to a plain state-
ment of facts without embellishment, believing that inquirers want truth
The article "Orange County as a Home for Invalids," is worthy the
careful consideration of those whose health require that they should
seek a climate with mild winters and pleasant summers.
Information not contained in this pamphlet, can be had by address-
ing the Secretary or either of the officers of the Society.
All letters contaniing return postage will be promptly answered. It
is requested that inquirers write their questions on sheets separate from .
their letters and leave space under each question for the answer.
W. G. F. WALLACE,
R. G. ROBINSON,
Committee of Publication.
r t *- '
LA ". ..:; ;
Topog raph ical
Orange County is in that poi
Florida, and is situated on the Pe
ninety miles, is midway between
ocean, and extends from Lake G
the south, occupying more than a
boundary is the St. Johns river t
The western line passes through
ed Oclawaha r
on the south a
Many of the
he County and
iver is a portion
ire Brevard and
empty into the
rtion of the State designated as South
miusnla, which averages in width about
the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic
ge on the north to Lake Winder on
:rce of latitude. ()n the cast the
a distance of one hundred miles.
ie great Lake Ahapopka, and the
the line between Sumter County,
n the Peniisula have their source
antic, Gulf and Lake Okeechobee.
TJhe elevation of the lands makes this County the water
tion of the State. The general contour of the coun
being more especially the case in the interior.'
On the St. Johns are large bodies of land term
alluvial, and subject to overflow during high waters
grazing for cattle. There are also many Prairies of v:
are only useful for pasturage. Swamp lands are on
streams. The country is dotted with lakes from an
those covering thousands of acres. Among the latter
to be the second in size in the State. These lakes ar
variety of fish, and that great delicacy, the
borders of many of the lakes and prairies are
lands, timbered with live oak, water oak, cherr
bay, (called Florida mahogany) cabbage-palm
*shed of this por-
try is rolling, this
ed Savannas, a
They furnish fia
various sizes whii
acre in extent
is Ahapopka. sa
e stocked with
soft shell turtle. On the
bodies of rich hammock
y, hickory, magnolia, red
and a variety of vines und
shrubs. In complete contrast are the scrub lands, covered w
vegetation consisting mainly of scrub oaks and pines, tietie as
ries, with a soil utterly worthless. The flat-woods are tim
pines, have an under strata of hard pan, and during the rn
are often covered with water. There is but little of (his kind
for cultivation or fruit raising.
The larger proportion of the lands in the county are high
with a natural drainage and are timbered with pine, several
oak, persimmon, and often wild cherry. In many parts of
-h a h as S
ith a sparse
nd gall ber-
I of laud fit
*^' -* .
ORANGE COUHfTY, FLORIDA.
groves are upon these lands, and the successful result of
shows the adaptation of such soils to the production of
Pine lands will produce fair crops of corn, cotton, oats and
toes when given what would be considered at the north
dressing of manure. BIkt few have tested their productive
the aid of large quantities of vegetable or animal manures.
experiment has been made the result has proved that it
has been'truthfully-said in regard to our soils. "That were
one.quarter the expense in fertilizers put upon them that
in the lands north and in New England, they would exc
known in the amriculltural line." The stately Dines commit
a very light
will pay. Ft
is yearly put
ngled with a
variety of oaks and undergrowth
their fertility. They differ from
(where the fi
the pine lands
res are kept
sections, which are entirely worthless when the timber has been
off. Our semi-tropical climate has much to do in developing the
fertility of this kind of soil when brought into cultivation. Most (
aImminock lands are naturally fertile, producing large crops of
sugar cane and cotton for a long series of years without manures.
the foregoing brief description it will be seen that in Orange (
can be found almost every conceivable variety of soil, adapted
growth of nearly every crop that may be desired.
The larger portion of the lands are timbered with yellow and pitch
pine, with black jack, turkey oak, post oak and persimmon. The ham-
mock land growth is hard wood, consisting of live oak, water oak, mag-
nolia, cherry, white bay, red bay. hickory, gum and cabbage palm. Ia
the swamps are found cypress of large size, cedar, wahoo or linden,
maple, ash and oaks. The cypress is especially valuable for shingles,
barrels, tubs, buckets, etc.; and as railroads are extended into the in-
terior our hickory, cherry and red bay will find a good market. Even
rnow pine timber is being carried from the interior by railroad to San-
Corn is one of
and horse feed
about ten bush
farmer, but it
soil enables us
1st of August,
tend to other
the second in
. When planted upon
fifty bushels per acre
Lnt grain products, both for bread
hammock land the yield is from
upon pine land the average is
els. This may be considered a sn
must be remembered that the
to cultivate three acres with less
the soil is stiff. This crop is rea
giving the Florida farmer a long
crops. Upland rice is successful
enough to amply supply a large
article of food. Sweet potatoes
Two rifantings are made, one
med standovers), the
Anril Ranasr rFann
friable character of our
labor than one in those
ly to be housed by the
season in which to at-
lly cultivated; an acre
family with this almost
are largely planted by
in May and June and
;y being ready to dig
a n rmn that nta wlIl
ORANGE COUNTY; FLflRTDA.
rich or that which has been heavily manured, as it is an, exhausting.
send up shoots for four or five successive years, and is termed' raltoon.
cane. so that upon rich soil one planting is sufficient for that length of'
time. The average yield per acre is from 350 to 400 gallons of syrup'
or 2,000 pounds of sugar. for which there is generally a home demand
at good prices. Sea island cotton is planted more or less by every
farrier, as it will purchase his supplies or bring cash. The usual yield
on pine land is 400 pounds seed cotton, and upon hammock about 800
pounds. Red rustproof oats are sowed in the fall and generally turn
out well. Other kind of oats are liable to be destroyed by rust. This
also prevents the raising of wheat. Irish potatoes are planted in De.
cember and January for northern markets. Watermelons are raised in
large quantities for shipment. They have a reput
luciousness. The first crop ripens about the middle
earlier. Tobacco, where it has been tried. has pgo
using fresh seed every two years a good article of (
duced. A plant crop. and often two sucker crops,
sava and arrow root yield heavily. There is a facto
a fine article of farina is prepared from these roots.
these starch producing plants should be entered into
pie. We have the assurance that where they are
quantities, factories will be established at convenient
ration for size and
of May, some years
ved a success. By
,uba has been pro-
are obtained. Cas-
ry at Wilcox. where
The cultivation of
largely by our peo-
raised in sufficient
growing of vegetables for market is being largely entered into
of our citizens, and the result is so encouraging that many
press their intention to plant largely this fall and winter.
vegetables cultivated for early shipment are
rs, tomatoes, Irish potatoes, cauliflower and
much as $600 has been received for the p
Onions are a good crop, do well here, and
at $9 per barrel. All the usual vegetables r
n here. One party exhibited at the County ]
varieties of his own raising near Apopka. A
annah News" writes in regard to the exhibit
Jacksonville last January: **As fine vegetU
product of an
sell north in April
raised at the north
Fair last February
at the State Fair,
ibles as ever were
displayed at a fair can now be seen on exhibition at the tair grounds.
Oranges as fine as ever were seen, are numerous, and many of them
plucked from the trees during the past week. The cold did not seem to
effect them in the least. The majority of these "unfrosted oranges, as
they are called, come from Orange, Volusla and Putnam Counties,
The largest turnips (rutabaga) that have ever been exhibited at a State
Fair are to be seen here to-day. Orange County is ahead of all other
counties in the vegetable line, and is the best advertisement that could
be had of the climate and soil. The cauliflower is equal to any seen in
Fulton Market, New York; one barrel of it brought in Philadelphis last
week ten dollars. An Orange County gentleman informed me to-day
that he sold seven hundred and fifty dollars worth of this food vegetable
ajh. ... -_ _-__l_,. -._ ft a..a -.4. aei*. La.... na 1 4 .. ..J a A U, In pm
ORANGE COUNTY, FLORIDA.
to a month earlier than
States north of us,
length of time a co
There is one
and this is commc
must be made so.
den a never ending
is required to be do
not a single week ii
wholesome may n<
not possess these
ensuring high prices for early products, and
ntrol of the markets.
requirement necessary to make gardening a
in to all countries-a rich soil, if not nature
ige County affords in t
d of profitable work ;
whole year in which
gathered for the tab
brts the fault must be
each month s
and if the fa
of skill in the cultivator, and not in the climate or soil.
even now a
this class of
citrus fruits is rapidly extending over the
fruit full time to thorough
be depended on. All kin
the following should be
with a hard pan subsoil.
ds of 1
r citizens are engaged in this busik
increases, and tins development will
are covered with fruit farms. ]
considerable portion of our lands
, lime, tangerine, and. other varieties:
e being so mild and uniform gives
mn. and makes this industry one that
and are not suitable for orange grow
ed. as swamp
Sof the grove
upon the latter, as it largely preponderates
tage of hammock is that the land is ni
to clear, while the pine lands will req
prepared for planting. Lands set o
centum on the investment than anythi
Five year old trees budded come into
and rapidly increase in fruit product
early cultivated and mania
exceed this, and some old
Lred, should av
cases are exceptional, and cannot be
, scrub. and flat pine lands
upon both hammock and
'es are necessarily planted
in the cou
naturally rich, though
mire manures but (
that can be pi
aring in from oi
Sixteen year o
erge 800 orange
. The advan-
it is expensive
:an be cheaply
a heavier per-
it upon them.
e to two years,
Id trees, prop-
s ; many trees
used as a basis for computing the
profits of a grove.
The apple is not suited in this latitude. The tree
green, blooms nearly all the year, becomes dwarfed,
small and worthless. A few trees of an early variety
matured fair fruit. Pineapples do well in some portion
they require a slight protection in the winter. They cc
in about eighteen months from the shoot or slip. Th
Is being tried, but it is too soon to determine wheth
success in this climate. The Japan plum and Japan
both raised here, and are of fine flavor. The first is a
the second will require further time to decide upon
The plum grows wild, and some of the varieties are sc
many of the cultivated sorts. There is no d
vnriatiat a n he hilarl urtmnm tha rilrl train
nces an ever.
the fruit is
said to have
will prove a
rcely inferior to
that the better
PaTschoa ran roAl anAtaati|
are being tried
uit is rich
luscious, and should be found in its season upon
banana patch, furnishing that w
h spring up aro
showing a semi.troplcal
the house, as well
ell known fruit, and is propagated front
'und the mother plant. The broad, long
an air of
as being highly ornamental.
t in this section seldom fail to yield p supply of fruit that
only furnishes the famed
jelly, but many a rich dish for the table.
the small fruits the strawberry stands pre-eminent. It is
ted and bears abundant crops. It requires a moist and
soil, and begins to ripen fruit in Deceo
continues in bearing for
uber, and if freely watered
i's Albany is considered the
crop to a northern market.
bay-heads, and in low
grows in old fields.
of wild grapes
a failure; the
3 and bearberric
It. pays well to send the early
grow on the banks of streams,
us grow o
grow luxuriantly in
been given to any kind but the S
extensively than any other variety
arbor extending over an acre.
free from the attack of insect,
gooseberries have thus
n the flat lands.
on good soi
will cover an
not require pruning.
s, and the fruit makes a good wine.
thus far made to grow the
they seem to do well
by the hot sun in May.
the Florida Agriculturist,
grass growing in
planted in the fall.
A few years ago C
but are killed out
Guinea grass so highly prized there. It furnishes a large amount of
forage, grows in large bunches. can be cut for hay or for soiling ; it is a
great acquisition. ara grass is found to be well suited for planting
upon low, moist land, makes a good pasturage, and is highly relished by
all kinds of stock. All varieties of millet do well, especially the cat-
tail, which can be cut for feeding green
every ten (lays.
-. -- -A
are giving me nermuaa grass a t
high enough to cut for hay. Rice st
far preferable to that of oats or rye.
hay that is highly prized, horses
the land is free from sand an
rial as pasturage ; it does not grow
raw is highly prized as forage, being
The cow nea vines also make a
being fond of it.
id grass spurs, crab.grass, which grows
1w-n.ia *ata In,I lAhnnllj-t~r nml'na n t A nu _mn1 in tmntbu H.Iut
ORANGE COUNTY,. FLORIDA.
Our cattle are not kbpt up. but are turned out on the natural.range,
where they live both winter and suLmmer, and will not eat dry feed unless
taught to do so when they are calves; therefore all the animal manure
we save is from horses and mules. The on]
our cattle for manuring is in the spring when
purpose of marking the calves; we pen them
as we wish to enrich. A few weeks of such
the production of vegetables or sugar cane.
with an unfailing source from which to draw o'
which experience has proved to b
our lands when properly compost
abundant in swamps, bay.heads, b
mnents made with fertilizers upon
one of the best manures for sugar
or potash it becomes an efficient
compost their stable manure with
and weeds. Lime stone, sufficient
found at Rock spring, one of. the
is a deposit on the Wekiva. one
burned into a fair lime. Oyster s
cost of ten dollars per ton in 1
chased at the agencies in this
e the very t
ly way ii
which we utilize
gathered for the
upon such land
t we cl
is found in m
lakes and prar
indicate that sw
for almost anr
ne straw, cone
the Wekiva r
I Clay spring.
is laid down
he land I
amp muck i8
;d with lime
or wire grass
er, and there
These can be
at Sanford at 'a
Special manures can be pur.
manufacturers' prices with
freight added. An efficient and cheap method of manuring is to plant
the land with cow peas (which have been well called southern clover) at
the rate of one and a half bushels per acre, and turn under the vines.
The mild winters of this
gets down to thirtvy-two degrees, precludes t
tight, expensive houses, such as are necessary,
for safety in cold climates. Our residences
lumber, and of such forms as are calculated t
(luring the long summers. A heavy item of
country : we do not dig cellars, as they are
sold at the numerous mills at from $8 to $20 !
to quality. For planed lumber the price is g
brick is found in many places in the county, ai
There is in the center of the county a sand stc
makes excellent hearths and chimney jambs.
mills are behind with their orders at least six
gration now going on requires additional
demand for lumber.
the thermometer seldom
bhe necessity of building
not only for comfort, but
are constructed of pine
o make them comfortable
expense is saved in this
not needed. Lumber .is
per 1,000 feet, according
greater. Clay for making
nd prices are reasonable.
me that will stand fire and
At present all
veeks. The rag
to supply the increasing
Good free stone water is obtained from wells which vary in depth
from eighteen to fifty feet. The water is not what would be called cold
ORAWOE COtUnT. FLORIDA.
hiamnlocks; some are free stone, others sulphur, while others again are
clmlybeate, and these different springs are often within a few feet of
each other. Clay spring, one of the heads of the Wekiva, affords a
sufficient quantity of water for steamboats to come into the spring,
The water is white sidplhr, and bhas proved beneficial in rheumatism and
skin diseases. The same kind of water is found at" Rock spring, which
bursts out of a deft iu the rocks at the base of a cliff .we twenty feet
A large proportion of the best lands bwIonghig to the government
subject to holesteading or entry have been taken; there are, however,
many homestead claims where parties have not complied with the law,
that cau be contested The state lands, except an occasional isolated
fraction, have been purchased. Thefetbre most of the desirable lands
Mre in second hands. Improved and partially improved places can be
purchased, the price depending upon the amount of improvement, fertile
Sty of soil, and nearness to transportation. Prices are rapidly enhancing
as railroads are ekteded. It therefore behoows those who wish to set,
tie in this couty to cace and iake their sections soon,
Provisions. grocries and al family supplies cau he purc
reasonable prices, being a slight advance vpon first cost. wit]
expenses added. Many of the stores are loiug a heavy busing
are located in nearly every setUiewent. Good famJyv flour can
chased at from .$8 to $ 9 per barrel Dry salted acon 12 c
pound. Batter three pounds for $1, Coffee four to five pound
Sfood sugar thirteen o fifteen pounds for $1. Florida syrup 6
cents per gallon. Dry goods, shoes. &c., at low prices. TI
~v.erage prices in J~uly, 1881. Tle intending imrnigr*xt ueed n
heavy furniture, stoves, Ac. as they can be purchased here.
be wfl to bring bed clothes and wearing apparel, but leather b
be left behind. All heavy aud bhlky articles had better be
(reigtts pon such art.ides are heavy,
There are eserf establisrhnents in the county that are manufactur,
ing buggies, wagons, bucic boards, carts, &c. .beir work is substantial
sand surted to the character of our roads. Thete are two .tin shops, one
at artford and i other at Oriado, also harness and sheemakers.
Theme ee opeDingS or eevera eteamn sew mil, a the demand for
lumber is greater than the ins can supply, and the rapid immigration
which is now going on through the year, and the large number that wiM
come in during the fall and winter, will rapidly increase the demand
Silt- I ^- ._. -_ P ...- .- --a -<- -_ -a a.- Li -i t _-
ORANGE COUNTY, FLORIDA.
The material preferred for these boxes
is pine. and
timber that would not answer for building I
Is needed a furniture factory with necessary
for the n
with a vi
oods and furnish goods here at rea
Factories are needed to make up
cets; also shingle machines; nmor
vatton of cassava and arrow root, I
ides and deer skins are
er and buck skins. Th
manufacture of pottery.
be sold at fair prices.
scarce, but fuel for s
openings in various se
large number of pel
ere is a d
w of making it their home,
and pleasure seeker.
umber could be used. There
y machinery to make up our
sonable prices, saving.freight
the cypress into barrels, tubs
e starch mills to encourage
,y creating a demand for the
but no tanner to make them
deposit of blue clay, suitable
quantity of jugs, jars, pans,
industries will pay. Water
nes is cheap and abundant.
good hotels, not only to en-
are examining the country
to accommodate the invalid
The climate of Orange
is a peculiar
countries north of
Those who have n
matter for these
Facts, however, p
sive, than the sat
us; mild in winter
ot passed through
:lves are apt to rec
rove contrary to
is much more ag
ne season in the
cool enough to r
before morning,. enabling the sleeper t
even during the hottest days it is pleas:
mometer seldom gets higher than ninet
and generally averages during the
Those who have lived he
account of the general un
sea breezes, which keep t
father does not debilitate,
rapid development taking
not excessively hot in sumn
seasons here and tested
inch a statement with doi
might be expected, that
,le. -and the heat less opp
or west, and the nights
some bed covering neces,
o obtain refreshing rest,
?re for n
prefer the summers
Irwe, and the delight-
and pleasant. The
lose their energy;
n is an attestation
"The winter to Florida resembles very much that season which it
the Middle States is termed "Indian Summer," e
da the sky is perfectly clear and the atmosphere
tic. Rain but rarely falls during the winter mon
not unfrequently five weeks of bright, clear and
continuously. This is one of the greatest charm
mate, and forms a striking contrast with almost
the Union," Mrs. Stowe writes. "The month ol
Letters from our northern friends speak of its chilli
winds, its long snow storms. Here in Florida it
the perfume of orange blossoms, and we look
general remembrance of a lone procession of s
!xcept that in Flori-
more dry and elas-
ths-three, four and
cloudless days occur
s of our winter cli.
every other State in
f March has passed.
iog blasts, its cutting
opened upon us in
on it now with the
lunny days. of blue
ORANGE COUNTY, FLORIDA. 11
flower borders. It is true every day has not been equally bright and
balmy. Changes of temperature here correspond to the severer ones
of the North. Where they record a three days' snow storm, we re-
member a three days* rain storm, in which it has been about as chilly
here as it usually is in a June rain storm at home."
The summer season is also peculiar. Showers are frequent, and
in June and July commences what is termed the rainy season, which
continues into September. There is rain nearly every day, but it sel.
dora rains all day. The rain cones in heavy showers accompanied
by thunder and lighting. and celdonm lasts more than three hours.
They generally occur in the afternoon and leave the remainder of the
day with a bright sky and cool atmosphere. The soil being of a
porous and absorbant character. the ground half an hour after a rain
is dry and pleasant to walk UDon.
[is are often fonued of
a correct idea. in oth
a country by comparison, sometimes
er cases an erroneous one. Such is
the case in regard to Florida.
by Orange County is traced acre
ecrn Africa and a portion of th
know anything of 1I
over that hiland of de
why there should b,
passing through a n
the east and the Gu
sion of sea breezes.
lorida are sa
e a difference
umber of de
ilf of Mexico
from ihe north passes down our coast on
Th'bus when the line of latitude embraced
>ss the Atlantic ocean, it takes in north-
e great Desert of Sahara. Those who
tisfied that no heated blasts such as pass
known here. There are several reasons
: We are on a long narrow peninsula,
grees of latitude,. having the Atlantic on
on the west, insuring a constant succes-
eason is that a' current of cold water
the east between the land and
the gulf streak
ted as we arec
on the one li
from the extr<
well as north
a few hours rose
m, which does much to a
upon the very borders of
nd from the rigors of a
emne heat which is experie
rn states during the sumr
wave of December 30.
eter for a short time stooc
e the freezing
odenate the temperature. Loan-
the torrid zone, we are relieved
northern winter, and on the other
rnced in many of the southern as
d at twen
formed. But little injury was done to vegeta
killed; bananas and guavas were considerably i
ered, and pine apples, where entirely unprotcted
orange, lemon and lime were not effected. even
of the limbs were not hurt, and the fruit opon th
or injured. In many places sweet potato vires,
did not show the least effect of frost Portions
large water protection on the northwet entirely e
occur, it lasts bi
and make their
peculiarity of our c
it a short time.
lengthy diseriptien I
culture a success.
limate is that
of climate is
rssed over this county.
ty-eight degrees, bui
thin skim of ice v
tion. Tomatoes w<
injured, but have rec
I, were hurt some. Ti
the tender extremit
e trees was not frozen
which are very tender,
of the county that have
escaped the effects of the
when a cold spell does
necessary to properly
flourish in this section,
A very important question asked by those who are thinking of emi-
ORANGE COUNTY. FLORIDA.
healthy? The following
on our part. There are
no epidemic diseases as
Sever is confined almost
ally visits them. There
is no reason to believe ti
are low and swampy, wit
facts must speak louder than any at
no acclimating fevers or diseases. 1
diphtheria, typhoid or typhus fevers.
exclusively to seaport towns, and only
has never been a case in our county, i
here ever will be. So e portions of th
th a rank and luxuriant vegetation, a
this is the case, the same tyl
characterize snch regions. I
type than in other States, a
A cogent reason has been as
riant vegetation which sprii
through the putrifactive fern
Florida (except during a porl
table matter dries up before
consequence the amount of i
mates more favorable to dec
to keep the atmosphere pure
Pernicious fevers and t
nt for t
found as elsewhere
generally of a milder
to proper treatment.
his fact. The luxu-
other states passes
n, this generates miasma; while in
the rainy season) this decaying veg-
dtng the petrifactive state, and as a
generated is much less than in cli-
ion. The constant sea breezes tend.
and carry off all noxious vapors.
hose diseases peculiar to semi-tropical cli-
mates are rare occurrences; our malarial diseases assume the lorm ot
There are a large number of physicians in the county who have
moved here to regain their health.. Among them all there are only
seven or eight who follow their profession for a livelihood. The United
States census of 1870 gives the death rate for the State at large as 1.06
per cent., and this includes those cases of consumptives who came here
too late to derive benefit from the climate. For further facts the reader
is referred to the census of 1880.
IT selecting a place
hood of swamps, hamn
Experience has proved
stances a less distance f
timber intervenes, render
are noted for health. It
year, either winter or sur
to come in October or ce
residence, it is well t
dark water lakes a
residence only a
healthy places, es|
e location healthy.
e to move here during
A majority of pe
as a Home fr
o avoid the neighbor-
nd sluggish streams.
mile, and in some in-
pecially if a body of
The high pine lands
ig any portion of the
op)e, however, prefer
In the cure of diseases, both pulmonary and bronchial, physicians
unite in the opinion that patients should reside during the winter months
in a dry climate of uniform temperature, where they can take daily
exercise in the penu air and enjoy the benefit of sunshine; and that
nothing can be more detrimental than confinement in an artificially
heated atmosphere. Another prerequisite insisted upon by many writers
upon these disease, is that the residence should be in a section free
from germs and gaseous products of decomposition. That the test of
atmabpheric purity is the Wesence of larre quantities of ozone. Obser-
*ORANGE COUNTY. FLORIDA.
show that the mean monthly amount for six months is but 8.8, while for
the same months and same length of time the observations made at
Jacksonville. Florida, at the Signal Service office, indicate 6.2, nearly
twice as much as Colorado. Another requisition is that the air should
be dry". A series of observations continued for five years show that
Florida possesses a less mean relative humidity than the State of Min.
nesota. These facts indicate that we have a dry and pure atmosphere
with a mild winter climate, conjoined with opportunities of fishing and
hunting as recreations, making bthis section pre-eminently attractive as a
home for the invalid. Dr. Lente, writing upon our climate, says: "In
Florida the sun shines so brightly, the air is so balmy, the song of the
birds so enlivening, and the orange trees in their bloom or ladened with
their golden fruit, lend such a charm to the outlook from the windows,
that the most indolent or the most cold-blooded invalid feel little inclined
to stay indoors.
An eminent northern physician writing in regard to the fitness of
Florida, more particularly as a place of resort for invalids, and especially
for consumptives, says: 8he is our southern Italy, but more
by geographical position than Italy, since she lies almost in
fountain of that gulf stream whose waters are freighted with
atmosphere; and also because her winter climate is comparati
from depressing humidity, which debilitates ,the healthy and
the invalid both in Italy and Cuba. This is a point of such
portance that you
climate which shall
who are suffering u
On this point there
must bear with me while
at once be mild and dry.
under chronic rheumatism
can be no disagreement s
[ insist upon it. To find a
is the first requisite for all
and pulmonary affections.
imong physicians unless it
be on the exact degree of temperature; and those who have personally
tried both the cold, and the dry warm climate, will very generally yield
to the greater attractions which keep one out of doors in the warm cli-
mate. The theory of the cold dry air may be right for those who can
resist the cold, but the practice, nine times out of ten, is wrong. Let it
be understood, once for all, that if the consumptive is to live at all, he
must be in the open air. Does the peninsula of Florida offer this desir-
able climate? I unhesitatingly say yes. One comes here in mid-winter
from the north, where he had been imprisoned by the pittiless cold, and
straightway begins to breathe and live again. You will pardon some-
thing to the sunny influences that fill him with enthusiasm. Besides I
find here hundreds of hopeful health-seekers full of joy at their libera-
tion, and many who came years ago as a last resort and who now give
every evidence of restored health."
Unfortunately many put off the journey to our land of sunshine and
flowers until the fell destroyer has taken such a .bold upon them that
they must die. Better for such to remain at home and pass their last
hours among friends. It is sad to see one die among strangers un-
cheered by the presence of loved ones.
There are many in this county who are thankful that they were in-
duced to come to Florida in time to be benefited, and have remained
here. The writer is among this number, and can attest, by renewed
health, that the climate possesses a healing and recuperative influence.
14 ORANGE COUNTY. FLORIDA.
chial diseases; to those afflicted with asthma, catarrh and rheumatism.
To derive benefit from the climate the visit should not be delayed;
come while you are yet able to take exercise by walking in the open air;
come, if possible, when the first symptoms of disease manifest them-
selves ; come while there is hope of regaining such a degree of health
as will enable you to pass the remainder of your days in comparative
Facilities of 1Transportation.
To make the growing of semi-tropical fruits and eariy vegetables a
success requires both rapid adx reliable transportation facilities. The
following statement of the facilities possessed by Orange County to get
products to market, shows that they are equal, and perhaps superior, to
any other county in South Florida : The great outlet of the county is
the St. Johns river, flowing north and emptying into the Atlantic. This
gives us access to the port of Jacksonville, with its sea-going steamers
and the various railroads which center at that city. Navigating this
river are elegant side-wheel steamers, the number of which is being
added to each year, to accommodate the increasing travel and traffic.
There has been during the past season over twenty arrivals of steanm-
boats weekly at Sanford on Lake Monroe.
The Wekiva river, taking its rise near the center of the county, is
navigable for a distance of twenty-five miles, and enters the St. Johns
northof Lake Monroe. A large portion of the traffic of this section of
the county passes over this river. The shipping point is Clay Spring,
distant from Apopka four miles. The semi-tropical scenery on this
river is very fine.
The Ockdawam river on the west ha. its source in Lake Ahapopka,
passes through a chain of large lakes, and enters the St. Johns opposite
Walaka, aad gives a water transportation for that portion of the county.
A number of steamboats run on this river from Jacksonville and .Palatka.
A company with a*gple means are now engaged with dredging ma-
chines in deepenag the channel of he Ocklawaha where it passes out
of Ahapopka into Lake IDra, and when completed will give transporta-
tion facilities by this route to those living oa and near the great
lake, besides draining many tbousaud acres of very rich land.
There are two railroads now in operation in the county. One,
the St. Johns and Lake Eustis railroad, starts from Astor on the St.
Johns, jwt south of Lake George, and passes in a southwesterly di-
rection to Fwrt Mason, on Lake Eustis. This road fnmihes more
rapid transit than the steamers on the Ocklawaha, and is a good
route by .which to reach the interior of the county. The amended
charter authorizes the conmpaay to extend their roed by way of
Apopka to OtHando the county seat, and wil pams through a thickly
settled portion which is rapidly developing.
Another road h in operation from Sanford, on Lake Monroe, to
Urlando. and onem Un the central art of the county. This corn-
ORANGE COUNTY, FLORIDA.
road from ]
the main ii
the route o
are some o
Longwood (a depot or
ne to Charlotte harbo
he proposed bran
sum of thirty.eig
he richest lands in
south to the Kissi
their road) to Apopka, and make it
r, of the Gulf. The citizens along
ich have contributed toward its con-
ht thousand seven hundred dollars.
Facilities to South Apopka, where
the county, with superior water pto-
company is now extending the road
mnmee river, and also contemplate a
branch to Titusville, on Indian river.
There are quite a number
obtained charters; one from
pleted, has been sold to heavy
in the county. who propose
Mason, thence to Ocala and
Another from Sanford by way
through the oldest settlements
lands, and is to be built entire
one crop of oranges from the
will build it.
of proposed railroads, which have already
Lake Jessup to Orlando, partially corn-
capitalists having large landed interests
to extend it by way of Apopka to Fort
connect with the roads uniting there.
of Fort Reed to Lake Jessup will pass
in the county, with large groves and good
ly with local capital. It is estimated that
groves along the proposed line of road
A road has been chartered to run from Clay. Spring by way of
Apopka to Lake Ahapopka, and will be a little over eight miles in length
to the lake, upon which will be placed a steamboat, bringing this popu-
lar section in direct communication with the St. Johns. There is an
important line being surveyed from Sanford by way of Sorrento to Lake
Eustis and Fort Mason. It is also the intention to construct a branch
from Sorrento to Apopka.
Thus it will be seen that there is no part of Orange County that will
not be within ten or twelve miles of either navigable water or a railroad.
Taking this in connection with its geographical position and climate.
Orange County becomes par excellence the region for fruit growing and
No one but an old settler can
changes that have taken place da
especially during\the past six years.
territory embraced in Orange County
with the exception of a few houses
have a just conception of the rapid
ring the last twelve years, and more
At that period the great extent of
was an almost unbroken wilderness,
at Fort Reed, an'
Mellonville; on Lake Monroe, used as a store, and
Orlando, the county seat; also some plantations 4
The remainder was a primeval forest, with an occal
residence of cattle men; the principal business
Nearly all else was a vast solitude, the home of deer
One steamboat arrival weekly at, Mellonville was
passenger ad traffic business, not only for this count
south. There were but three post offices in the cou
living rt a distance went by turns to the nearest offi
*l 1t Vt -- .l S n 9 1 a!
d but one house at
a small village at
on South Apopka.
ional clearing, the
was cattle raising.
, panther and bear.
sufficient for both
ity, but for points
inty. ,and neighbors
;e for mail. There
16. ORANGE COUNTY, FLORIDA.
was located at whet is know as Apopka. The population in 867 wa
1,616; in 1880 about 7,000. This may suffice as a brief description.of
the pst; the present is a bright' contrast. Now the cattle men's cabins
have given way to the neat residences of the immtigmats, swuounded,
in almost every instance, with trees and plants of semiatropi growth,
Orange groves are seen in nearly every place adapted to their growth,
Pest offices have increased to thirty-seven, and these scarcely
supply the demands of the rmmeroun settlements; and there are four
money order offices, being a greater number than any other acoty in
the State. Three telegraphic offices keep us in communication with
other portions of the country. Masonic Lodges have increased, there
.being .one at Sanford, Orlando, Apopkai and Fort Mmon, and over
twenty weekly arrivals of steamboats at Sanford are scarcefr able to
supply sufficiept transportation.
There are four newspapers poblshed in the county, one at each of
the following places r Sanford, Oriando, Apopka and Lake Kustis; they
are well patronized. There are forty-five public school, furnishing
educational facilities for all the children. There are about the same
number of churches, belonging to Presbyterimn, Metlodist, Baptft,.
Episcopalian and Lutherens; a number of the buildings are neat and.
commodious. Towns and villages have sprang, up rapidly in vainous
sections; the most prominent are Sanford, on Lake Monroe, and Fort
Reed, three miles distant, Maitland. OHandcr and Apopka, in the
interior, and Lake Enstis and Fort Mason on Lake Estis. There are
thriving settlements at Sorrento, Tmagerine, Zelfwood, South Apopka,
Lake Conway, Altasmonte and Lake Jeusnp, beside a number of others.
AlR ths i r connection with ralfoamds and increme of population, is
sufficient to indicate that the development of thr pest hae been rapid,
and the lookout for the future is very bright.
Why Settlers MotWd Select Oragas Coumty.
The climate enables a person to work out of doors throughout the
whole year, winter and summer alike, and the cool nights make sleep
refreshing. Tight, expensive houses are not required, and heavy cloth-
ing is not needed. The farm work, wMcbr at the north must necessarily
be performed within the limits of about six months, may here be allowed
the whole year. Thus the farmer is not hurried by the: shortness: of the
season, and be constrained to overwork himself. Corn is made and
ready to be housed by the first of Augmt.
The time and expense required to. obtain an abundant aspply of
tel l saved, as but little more is required than is used foe cooking
purpose. During a large portion of the winter monat doos and
windows are left open, unesa the weather is exceptional oldr
Nearly every portion of tbi county is within ea re ach of bUaRs-
. prtatieo either by water o railroad, and thaee beiit ing:
ipidly etended (Se aflh PaciYtiea of Irrtfi
The celnty being g-erlly beaiti, doctorhe balt.il, d .
Churches of different duominatiomn and pMblc schol are fowd
a swAPn. AtAmAnt .
ORANGE COUNTY, FLORIDA.
from surctroke, and dogs do not go mad; there are no cases of
The people. are moral and law-abiding, and cordially welcome all.
irrespective of political faith, who come to make this their home and
grow up with the development.
This section is the great sanitarium, where the invalid may reason-
ably expect to derive benefit from a mild and uniform climate.
The population is composed of people from all sections of the
country and from Europe, members of different political parties and of
different religious faith, who get along harmoniously.
This is a white man's country; there 'are but few negroes among us.
All the products of the county find a ready sale at remunerative
prices. Fruits and early vegetables find a market at the North. and
West. The great variety of fruits, vegetables and agricultural products
that can be raised with profit, gives the settler an opportunity of select-
ing the particular branch of culture that may suit his inclination, and
make it a specialty. -
There is another important fact that should not be overlooked in
selecting a home: that Orange County is south of the line of injurious
frosts, which makes the raising of early vegetables a business that can
be depended upon,*as well as enabling the farmer to cultivate the more
tender semi-tropical fruit. During the past winter in many places in
the county, sweet potato vines, which are very tender, did not show the
least effect of cold.
There are many fruits and plants that have not been in cultiva-
tion a sufficient length of time to determine whether they are fully
adapted to this latitude, or sufficient attention has not been given to
positively assert that they will prove valuable additions to the already
large list of products, therefore they have not been mentioned in the
body of the pamphlet, preferring to state what has been accomplished,
and which may be repeated by others.
But few who have not had their attention directed to the subject
can realize the value of fibrous plants as farm crops, or the immense
quantities required to supply the demand of manufacturers, a large pro-
portion of which is imported, and that by raising them at home millions
of dollars would be saved to the country.
Sisal hemp will grow upon land worthless for any other purpose.
A ton of cleaned hemp can be made to the acre, worth $800 per ton.
In addition to this plant, there was introduced from Yucatan the.pulqua
and century plants, which are the main dependance of that country for
material for cordage and rope, of which they export large quantities.
They have become perfectly acclimated in Florida.
Ramie fiber, which is so extensively used in dress goods, only awaits
the invention of machinery to successfully clean it at small cost; Large
quantities are now being raised in Louisiana, and there is no reason
why its cultivation should not be remunerative in this State. East India
autfa kIanA PAY n,..,A tiA n...ILC ~L n.rlnra..~~ a An &a kA) ...nl aaae4a 4 a
OlRANGE COUNTY, FLORIDA.
of the experiments made in this county show that from 3,000 to
pounds of fiber can be made upon an acre.
panish cockle burr or ceaser weed, now called Florida hemp, is
growing wild; takes possession of fence corners and is bard to
get rid of. The fib'
The attention of mi
which must prove of
tion will grow to six
Scrub and saw
I(ss, has now a coil
re is strong, intermediate between flax and hemp.
manufacturers has lately been directed to this plant.
F great value. It is easily raised, and with cultiva-
or eight feet high.
palmetto, heretofore considered a pest and worth-
miercial value for the purpose of making paper pulp.
The supply of the raw material is inexhaustible, and
can be supplied in
A large variety of grapes from the north and west have been tried,
and some of them have proved to be adapted to this section ; such as
tile Delaware, Maderia, Hartford and Diana. The Scuppernong is par-
ticularly a southern grape; adapts itself to almost every location, and is
free from the attacks of insects; produces an abundance of fruit, and
makes a good wine. The Catawba ripens unequally, rots, and cannot
be depended upon. I have had two crops ripen the same season, and a
third crop set.
The Surinam cherry does well, and the papaw, tamarind, mango
and camphor tree are doing well when planted in sheltered places on the
south of large bodies of water. Pecans grow well upon any soil that
will produce hickory. A sufficient number of persons have planted tea
ily use, and thb
years from the
oil plant grows
green during tl
the fact that each family can raise
at it is of superior quality.
has been extensively distributed by
nd promises to be a success. T
seed, and is easily propagated from
to the size of a tree, often lives for
new plants and fruits are being intr
prove to be adapted to the country, add to
and material wealth.
sufficient tea for fam-
the Commissioner of
he tree fruits in nine
cuttings. The castor
years, and continues
oduced, and such as
the already large resources
MAITLAND, Orange Co., Fla., Aug. 16, 1
DR. Z. H. MASON, Apopka, Fla.,
Dear Sir:-Most gladly do I respond to your request for
ment of the beneficial effects of the climate upon me. I
Orange county about seven months ago from Chicago, where for
years I had suffered much from catarrh; for years my headache
ing for days in succession, were almost unendurable. Now.
hasily a. vestige of the disgusting disease left with me; have n
ache worth mentioning, and consider myself cured.
I am enthusiastic over the climate, andshall do all I can to
thousands in the north who are affected as I was, know what a re
here will do for them. Very truly yours,
let the .
T ntlTr TrT
Irr A aWt
ORANGE COUNTY, FLORIDA.
From New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore 'there are regular
steamers to Jacksonville, Fernandina and. Savannah.
Regular steamer rates from New York or Philadelphia to Jacksoi-
ville are, including meals, First Class. $25; Emigrant, $18.
From all northern cities there are through routes by railroad to
Jacksonville and other points in Florida, with parlor and sleeping cars
and fast freight lines.
Present regular rates by railroad are about as follows:
From Boston to Jacksonville...................
New York to ...................
Philadelphia to .....................
Baltmnore to .....................
Richmond to .. ................
Cininnnati to .....................
Chicago to .....................
St. Louis to a .....................
St. Paul to .....................
The time from New York to Jacksonville
forty-six hours. From Philadelphia to Jacks
At Jacksonville the traveler connects
Johns river, which land at any of the river poi
s. Second clIss.
now reduced to
onville, forty-three hours.
with steamers on the St.
ints in the county.
At Astoria and Sanford connections are made with lines of railroads
running int, the interior of the county.
ORANGE COUNTY has made greater progress in tle successful cultiva-
tion of the orange and other fruits, the product of a.genial climate, than any
niary returns, are assured. ZELLWOOD is situated near the west-central part
of Orange County. upon the watershed of the Florida peninsula. latitude
about 28' 30' N. To reach ZELLWQdD, tl'e most direct route is by steamboat
from Jacksonville to Astor, the ter'minus of the St. John's and ake. Eubtits
Rail road. The other term
present within 12 miles of
carriages umay he procllurc
near ZI:.LWOOD is studded with v. ry beautiful blear-water lakes, the surface
of the country'
nm:rkable for it,
this road, at Fort Mason, ends for the
)D. Near this terminus, at'Lake Eustis,
for c0nveyaHlce further.
is by tie Ocklawaha River to Clift'ord's
other, and a very
or Badger'A wharf,
is highly and 1rol
ng, timbered with large pine trees, and re-
MAP OF >
aAANGCE f a
Published weekly by
Editors and Proprietors,
coluities of the State.
of Orange antd Volusia, the
a Inug orange grow-
was established in
January. 1874; is a well-printed,
th-votes its colulnlns
t is published.
1 how to g
to the aidva'lcementlt
Will give frmcii tilm
lhnnn paper; ignores politics, and
of tile region of Florida in which
ne full Information of tile prices
State and private lands, and of thle enl-
es, and all fruits and vegetables common
sent for twv
three mnonlthp. 50
The largest and
south of Jacksonville.
establishment of the
, PROPRIETARY PREPARA-
BRUSHES, COMBS, TOOTH
other kinds of Toilet and Fancy Articles (including
and varied stock of Holiday Goods in season.)
PENCILS. PENS. DIARIES. ALBUMS
TR MMINGS AN
SMOKING AND CHEWING TOBACCOS. PIPES AND
and anything and everything to be found in a Ilrsl-clas Drug Srore in or
neuat nv9 thg nIlLm.a DTuvQrifl A n,7 DDr'ulfrm'n iafkaru *wai PII GlW? h AT .
QOANWQE. CUyf fWOpdA.
WT LSQN, N
- .Sanford, Tla
Syllan T ae
Will contract for and ba
or Volatia Counties.
and warrant satisfa
Finishlilg a spe
lih ResPldenep Bridgt.. etc.. in any part of ODauige
Will also do a genleril carpenter Jobbing business,
rtion. Connte~r, Shelving, Desks, and Inside
. Also buildings moved and raised,
Is nowolen for goeqts.
'Fhi salt.e sc farrb Banlwd el fl Tdid'ng.B
.,M TMM r
O lOls R CoimTw
A L L
Made from High Grade Chemioals,
Under Formula of GEO. B.
OITGINA'lOR AND .PROPRIITOR OF
.A..d all other Oomplete ManUtres.
eiglt, .nd dry articles. prepared specially for each crop. and for
TRUCK FAIMEHB clilnol afford to farm without uwing these
Tliese mautres have no superior, as reliable chemists and con-
whfd have applied them on the same land for seven conmecut
for the same crops can testify.
for iereular, and be sure you get one.
(Formerly of Tallahalsee. Flu.)
Has opened and wllt keep oonstantly on hand a full stock of
HA TS and
OMSiBRl 8As INS, LUSHE S,.RIBBONS .OF ALL KINd)S
SPANISH FI~lHUZ BLACK AND WHITE,
And all other Idtul. and styles of gods nlnally kept In a flrst-class Millinery
0ia RtmeD9 % 1 at her new store, east aide Phltinetto venA betwetli
UW k tA au AAkT n4lrb UT .1
*WOfc2BfDERc-' U J
ORANGE COUNTY, FLORIDA.
MITTIR, DOL I.
ifl D 1,
fact, everything in the Harcdware line
on hand, of
AND AT THE LOWEST PRICES.
And we will
than you can possibly
by sending away
PIPE AND STIAM-FITTING, AND JOB WORE,
Done to order on short notice by the most 'experienced workmen.
you what we promise.
PIS ,IIi, fIl -
ORANGE COUNTY. FLORIDA.
Near Full-Grown Orange Groves and Beautiful
11Z and 113.
The Florida Land and Improvement Co.. of New York. Iyaving pur.
chased from the State of Florida. Four Million Acres of Land, Intends
placing the same in the market for sale at low prices. and upon easy terms.
The first Colony will be located In Orange County, near Orlando, the
county seat, and in the vicinity of Lake Conway-upon 20, 40 and 8Q acre
farms-at prices ranging from one dollar and tweuty-tive cents per acre, to
five dollars per acre.
The quality of the soil, the equable climate, and the vast productions
of the State need no exaggerated statements to induce any person to locate
ill any of the Southern Counties of Florida.
'ile climate is very similar to that of California, and a farmer can em-
ploy his time every day in the year, without fear of extreme heat or cold.
We are now preparing for publication, a pamphkt on the "Resonrces of
Florida,' which will be forwarded by mail, upon receipt of stamp.
Colonies desiring large tracts will obtain special rates and long credits.
WM. H. MARTIN, Land Commissioner,
Florida Land & Improvement Co., 115 Broadway, N. Y., Booms 111 & 113.
Agent in Chicago, 111., W. H. NICHOL~. 101 Clark Street.
Agent in Bufto, N. Y.. J. T. McLAUGHLIN. 350 Main Street.
ORANGE COUNTY, FLORIDA.
w--- I ,
QUEENSWARE, WOODENWARE, TOBALCOO, CIGARS, 4qc.,
()RANGE COUNTY. 1
with Iron palace steamer ST. JOHNS for
and all points on St.
Jolns, Ocklawaha and Indian ri
ADGER & CO.
, Agents, N
ew York and Charleston
S. 8. Co.
W. A. COURTENAY, Agent, New York and South Carolina 8. 8. 4
RAVENEL & CO
., Agents. C.
and F. Steam Packet Company,
R. J. ADAMS, Agent,
H. OAILLARD, Agent.
If you want an Orange Grove anywhere from
$300 to $20,000
If you want unimproved land convenient to transportation, from one
acre to thousands:
If you want to purchase, or procure reliable information in regard
land or prospective railroads;
If you want first-class High Pine Land
If you want Hammock Land
If you want Bay Land
If you want Saw Mills or Hotel Sites near sulphur springs
If you wish for reliable information in regard to climate,
of soil, expense of clearing land, cost of trees,
and caring for Groves ;
If you desire to be put in correspondence with
and orange growers;
If you desire information in regard to best routes to reach Florida
from any section of the country, either for freight or passengers;
TrN" ( .
ORANGE. COUNTY, FLORIDA.
If you want an
or a lot o wild lad to plant one on,
South of Lake Monroe, the head of certain navigation on the St. Johns
river, la that portion of the peninsula where the laands are generally
where you can obtain ,
GOOD SOCIETY, GOOD SecOOLS, GOOD CHUBRCEfl
GOOD WATER, GOOp PEELrING. GOOD TRANA -
PORTATIOW AND FEW IN OBCTCS,
where almost every maa you meet is a Non-c mmissiened Land Agent, who
wants to speculate on you, come to my house at this place, and
judging entirely by the amount of cash you want to invest, and I will buy
you the land as cheap as it ean be had. I am handling over
from $1.25 to $250.00 per acre, and over
from $1,000 to $75,000. I will deal with you justly and honorably. I have
settled over 900 good men in Orange, Volsela and Polk counties.
I represent myself io Orange, John Snoddy of Bartow in Polk, And E,
E. Ropes at Volusla in Volusla. M. R. MARKS
ORANGE COUNTY, FLORIDA.
Those in search of a delightful winter home cannot fail to be pleased witt
P A 1 E
One and a half
1 two miles south
Steamers from Jacksonville and Sanford make regular landings at the
last named place, and parties coming to, or returning from Zufrieden. will
have but two miles to ride, over a pleasant road, through natural forests,
and past orange groves covering hundreds of acres.
STHE SOUTH SIDE 0:
HIH AND HALT
LAKZ JEsuP IS
and the soil, mostly GRAY AND BLACK HAMMOCK, IS THE BEST
KNOWN FOR EARLY VEGETABLES AND TROPICAL FRUITS.
THE ORANGE GROVES IN THIS VICINITY ARE THE FINEST OF
THEIR AGE IN THE STATE OF FLORIDA. These are facts of which
you will be fully convinced on making a visit to this favorite section and in-
vestigating for yourself. No orange trees have evv'r been injured by frost
or cold south of Lake Jesup. The people are intelligent and enterprising,
and the oouctry is improving with great rapidity. Methodiet, Baptist ad
Temperance societies hold regular meetings.
A commodious and beautiful church, named after Dr. Wm. Foster, of Clif-
ton Springs, New York, at whose expense the building was ereCted, and
whose winter reIdeeae o on Lake Charm, is in the vicinity. Our house is
well finished and furnished, and the table Is supplied with resh vegetables,
fish, game and tropical fruits.
From fifteen dollars to twenty-five dollars per week a.crding to loca-
-e A_ R a --a- --- 2. as... nea~S &n ,ae~t AAt~cim.e n star
ORANGE COUNTY, FLORIDA.
The town of Tavres is located on a nigh ridge, on a peninsula
formed by LakeEaDstis and Dmra and the Ocklawaha river, and embraces
nearly one thousand acres of oak, pine and high hammock land, all of
which rauk as first-class orange land. A large orange grove, just. north
of the town, on Lake Eustis, now in full bearing, the property of the
proprietors, Messrs. St. Clair-Abramus & Sumraerlin, attest the quality of
the land and its adaptability for successful orange culture.
The town is laid out in lots suitable in size for business purposes,
villa sites, hotels and manufactories. The streets and avenues vary in
width from seventy to one hundred feet. The principal avenue, called
Tavares Boulevard, extends along the banks of Lake Dora over a half
mile and varies from one hundred to one hundred and fifty feet in width.
On this avenue the proprietors will expend a large sum of money, to
make it one' of the ruost beautiful and attractive drives in the State.
On the eastern end of the Boulevard, lots have been set apart upon
which to erect winter hotels. On one of these lots, fronting Shore Park,
will be erected next year the largest hotel in the State. The hotel will
contain one hundred and fifty bed-roonus, beside other rooms necessary
for a house of this size.
The view from the town across Lake Eustis on the north and Lake
Dora on the south is unequalled for beauty in the State. The Ocklawaha
river on the west, uniting the two lakes, is a tributary of the St. Johns
and is noted for its beautiful scenery.
Three railroads will center at the town. Work on the Tavares and
Lake Monroe railroad has been commenced and its early completion to
Sanford i 'a fixed fact.
are located at
feet of lumbe
order to keep
with" accommodations for one hundred guests, and thirty
being built. The largest lumber mills in South Florida
Tavares, the capacity of the mills being twenty thousand
r per day. Calcium- lights have been ordered, to furnish
r light to enable the mills to run uight as well as day, in
up with the demand for lumber.
The present transportation facilities are unsurpased by any towns
in the State. Steamers from Jacksonville via Ockliwaha river land on
the wharves of Lake Eustis the year round. From Fort Mason, the
present terminus of the St. JohuM & Lake Eustis Railroad, distant four
miles, steamers arrive daily.
The healthfulness of Tavares is noted; the easterly winds which
AMta) Cdn aN A..r- k mam .. a aL an .at -mew -mIe -lahV nkMht nAn man ad
Ss ORANGE COUNTY, FLORIDA.
Church and school privileges rank among the best in the State.
Arrangements have been made for the inmmediate erection of a school
building, and lots have been set apart on which to build a church for
every denomination, to aid in the building of which the proprietors will
donate lumber sufficient to erect a suitable church edifice on each lot,
so that the expense to the.congregation will be very lig4t.
The lumber mills, the orange growing, and market gardens, the
' erection of buildings and the construction of railroads furnish employ-
ment for a large number of skilled and unskilled laborers, and the de-
mand is increasing. Good opportunities are open for all the different
branches of business and one hundred men now find employment
The proprietors own and keep constantly employed a steamboat,
(in addition to the other boats plying on the lakes,) in connection with
their lumber mills. The lumber mills at Tavares are the only ones fur-
nishing orange boxes and vegetable crates in a territory now producing
seventy thousand boxes of oranges and a like number of crates of vege-
tables per annum, and the demand will increase rapidly in the near
future. The capacity of the mills is fully equal to the requirements at
present and will be kept up in the future.
In addition to the town property, the proprietors own a large tract
of first-class orange and vegetables lands, situated from one mile to three
miles of the town, which will be sold to actual settlers for improvement
at $5.00 per acre and upward.
Lots will be sold at reasonable prices to actual settlers and facilities
given for improving homes.
For further particulars, prices of lots, etc., address
St. CtifAb ras m Sumtzwmella ,
Tavares, Orange Co., Fla.
ORANGE COUNTY, FLORIDA.
.r ier' RIJIZ-EEP,
ORANGE GROVES PLANTED AND SUPERINTENDED,
And Buildig items Improvd for Non-Eesidents.
Also Manufacturer of
Wholesale dealer in
i, LAGER BEER, IF
Families supplied with
Orange and Volnahu
LAGBE BB3M AND
in oonpection.with the bakery. It shal
supply my patrons with the best articles
1 always be my earnest desire to
In my line, and attend to all order"
Largest Variety of Teoy amd Camder la tme Couty.
L. F. HOEFER.
In the Parrampre Cottage, on Suhmtt Ave., bet. Lefler'sand Kelly's Stores.
i. IWT *sbwll bi 3utDfiM with Fh and mune in Sema.
84 ORANGE COUNT, FLORIDA.
Ar P rAW CITar -
Apopka City is located in the center of the county, upon high roll-
ing land, at a distance from swamps or local causes of disease, having
been selected in 1868 as a residence, by a physician, on account of its
dry atmosphere, elevation and good water. It has between three and
four hundred inhabitants, and each residence surrounded by orange
trees, and consequently covers a large area of ground.
The public buildings are a Town Hall, Masonic Lodge, neat Metho-
dist and Baptist Churches, with a prospect of soon having a Presbyterian
Church edifice. A Drug store and four stores doing a general mercan-
tile business, with fair stocks of goods, which are sold at reasonable
prices. A Post Office and Money Order Office, with a Daily mail from
Sandford and Orlando, and a Semi-weekly mail from Fort Mason.
SThe Public School has an average attendance of one hundred
pupils. The South Florida Citizen, a weekly piper is published here.
A Musical Academy to be under the charge of Professor John Esputa
is now being erected. We have a Wagon and Blacksmith shop, and a
Steam Saw-mill, with the prospect of another shortly. Also a regular
The facilities for transportation tre rapidly increasing. An exten-
sion of the South Florida Railroad from Longwood through Apopka
City to Charlotte Harbor on the Gulf of Mexico, will in all probability
be finished to this place by the 1st of January. The citizens on this
portion of the route, have contributed $88.700 towards its construction.
There is another proposed line from Orlando by way of this place
to Fort Mason. By way of Clay Spring, four miles distant, we have
water transportation to the St. Johns, twenty-five miles and connection
with steamers on that river. A company is now engaged in deepening
the channel of the Ocklawaha river, where it passes from Lake Apopka
into Lake Dora, distance from Apopka to landing on the lake three and a
half miles; this will give water communication with Fort Mason and the
railroad at that place.
There is a fine opening for a good hotel, which would be well
patronized. There are no drinking saloons here, and the citizens are
determined to use all lawful means to keep them away.
W. A. LOVELL & SON.
DRY COO.DS GROCERIES,
,Boots, Shoes, and General ..Merchandise,
FARH StPPLIES AID MUII'DS FERTIUIERS,
All of whlp are oesed M reo MaWejle. im uAw.
nflnna' hv tha hew ni nnantlt.v' r* ala at one nwfl known moveB at
ORANGE COUNTY, FLORIDA.
OFFICES AT SANFORD AND APOPKA
CITY, ORANGE CO., FLA.
Will purchase and sell Lands and Real Estate. survey lands, clear lanils,
it groves, and furnish trees if desired. Will also take charge of groves
and see to the cultivation of the same.
on long time.
sale on easy terms.
Have several improved ind nd unim-
Wild lands and homestead claims for sale; this Orange land
Also several thousand Orange, Lemon and Limhn seedling for
J. T. CHAMPNEYS, C.
IN ITS THIRD
PNbllhhd Every trdy at Apopka Oity
Subscription rates 2.00 per year, postage free.
THE CITIZEN Is non-partizan, either In politics or religion, and is a fear-
les advocate of the Truth and the Right
deems the interests of its readers require; 1
; discussing whatever subject. it
cooking SPECIALLY to the 8ET-
TLEuMT and DEVBLOMBDNT of SOUTH FLORIDA, and the promotion of
unity, harmony and good feeling among al
classes; discriminating in favor
of no locality to the injustice or prejudice of another.
Remittances by P. 0. Money Order or in Registered Letter at our risk.
Try it a year.
Apopka City, Orange County,
a, Armn A
ORANGE COUNTY. FLORIDA.
G. L. JONES, M.
D. A. A.MILLER.
3NES & CO.,
Druggists and Pharm
APOPKA CITY, FLOOR
Keep a general assortment of
Al-o a full line of GARDEN SEEDS for family and market gardening, and
every article usually found in a country Drug Store.
Ihyslclansn Prescriptioes C'arefthly Compoumded.
and a general
have for sale
We also keep
oods, Groceries, Boots
and Caps, Hare
assortment of Notions. which
THEIR. SHOE FINDINGS an'd
fine bodies of rich Hammock
a hack and good teams to carry
will be sold low for cash or
I OILS a SPECIALTY. We
and Pine Lands at low prices.
passengers to any point.
O. W. RANSOM.
J. D. IUDGE.
We have a large amount of improved and unimproved property on our
books, consisting of Hammock and Pine Lands, Orange Groves, and Town
Property. Said lands are on and near the great Lake Abapopka4 Stark
Lake, Lake Butler, Apopka City, and Altamonte. Correspondents prompt-
J. J. COMBS.
E. E. MORRISON.
Hats, Boots, Shoee
I^ 4 I
F LOt D A.
This beautiful region is situated in t
Orange, and embraces the scope of country
and eastern sides of Lake Eustis. That on
Ocklawaha river (forming the boundary line
Yale; the northern section consists of the F
includes the country along the
the eastern part, the territory
tending to the Ocklawaha river
ITearly the whole of the
rolling pine lands, much of it
there hammock lands are found
of scrub, grass-p
soil covered with
clear, high bank
ture, as is eviden
seen in various
he northern portion of west
around the western, jiorthern
the west extending from the
of Sumter County) to Lake
ort Mason neighborhood and
*t. Johns and Lake Eustis Raili
between Lakes Eustis and Dor
joining these two lakes.
country indicated consists of f
first-class South Florida land,
portion that can be coi
onds. marshes, or swamp
a growth of large pines
lakes; and admirably adc
ced from the number of fl
places, and the different
. of the year, and the gre
a, and ex-
areas, aud there is but a com-
isidered worthless, or composed
s;: but consists of a yellow sandy
and interspersed with beautiful,
lapted to semi-tropical fruit cul-
ourishing bearing orange groves
t fruits thriftily maturing in the
.at number of fine, fast growing,
large, young orange groves already started, and the numerous others
being under way.
The lands within our region have been almost entirely taken posses.
sion of by homesteaders, nearly all of whom have lands for sale, and
pood bargains can be obtained by timely prospecting and application.
Very many excellent locations to suit all tastes can be secured at very
The general description of Orange County is applicable to this re.
gion in every particular in all meritorious attributes, as we enjoy all the
advahtageous characteristics possessed by any of the other sections of
our county, and furthermore claim a preeminence in some respects,
* especially as regards our unique and fortunate geographical location,
which will be presently adverted to. The three great requisites which
should always engage the consideration of the prospective settler as
matters of the first importance, we can with pleasure confidently present.
These are, a-country of extreme healthfulness, convenient transportation,
by water and rail-the Ocklawaha river and the St. Johns and Lake
Eustis Railroad-and a fairly good soil.
The Lake Eustis region also offers unusual inducements to those
desirous of engaging in winter vegetable gardening; our southern situa.
tion and our soil combined, the many localities here having good water
protection against' frot and the direct transportation render quite pppA
pitiqus the conditions for the prosecution of this business. It has bqgs
engaged in here somewhat extensively and quite successfully and lurcwa
tively for several seasons past and is destined to become a resource of
great commercial importance. And here it is well to observe that be.
sides the almnat inenmnarahlt whnlmana nam d nur hlohlbnd annrnkv
ORANGE COUNTY., FLORIDA.
presents many attractions and charming merits for invalids, winter
visitors, tourists and sportsmen.
Lake Eustis being one of five large lakes (of the Great Lake Begion)
forming the head-waters of the faorous Ocklawaha river, and lying in
close proximity to Lakes Dora and Harris. two of the four others, poss.
moes from its situation peculiar advantages that do not belong to the
other lakes and other pirts of Orange County; among others, it may be
mentioned that it is the Key so to speak, as regards transportation
facilities and improvements through a large scope of the surrounding
country. The improvements in the opening up of the navigation of the
river and Lakes Dora and Apopka above, now being prosecuted, will
redound to the benefit of this Lake Eustis region. And there is a great
likelihood of railroads being made on all sides of this lake, There are
already six or seven roads recently chartered. and a
one half or more of them being made. Besides the
Rustis Railroad already in operation, whose terming
(on the lake.) two or more railroads to the north and
great probability of
St. Johns and Lake
ws is at Fort Mason,
the westward which
are to be the grand outlets and thoroughfares of our great county to di.
rectly connect her with the principal markets of the world, and the grand
systems of northern railroads, mwat necessarily pass through our region
and close by our lake.
So we are situated at the gateway of commerce of our county and
an extensive region adjacent, for here will be the traversing and crossing
of such a number of roads as to eventually make it a center of no small
importance. And furthermore, the most important railroad lines con.
necting the city of Jacksonville most directly with South Florida. eithert
to the Atlantic, or Gulf Coast most advantageously, most certainly must
traverse our locality,
So it can at once be seen that the immigrant can not well go amiss
in casting- bis lot among us. and selecting a home hereabouts. And in
our endeavors to engage attention and enlist an interest in our commu.
nity, it is with a pleasing consolation and pride that we can inform the
new-comer that this region is inhabited by excellent society and posses.
e goid facilities in the way of school and church privileges, con-
venience to well stocked stores with goods at reasonable rates, also to
hotels, saw-mills and workshops, Ac., to be found at the flourishing
villages of Port Mason. Eustis and Tavaree. We have a telegraph office
at Eustis and a weekly newspaper, the Semi-Tropical is also published
there. And withal, the prospects are quite favorable for this being
the central part of a new county, to be established in all probability, at
no distant day.
Pew localities in Florida are receiving greater accessions to its
population, or are improving faster in every respect than this, and we
co etelously usert the .belief that none will make more gigantic
ie stride in 'the nr futhm We ilrdy pao ry neady
if It a the d ei rte fior the creation of attractive and
the. mt pleasant of boeai, the r4edfijhttMni delightfl and happy
to iwitmnYo^ wW> *ndh i wrmwK^ wkh the Swutofuts
Opb, ad heefreal thatci to a hahanntnance ofa bahlthy
-a--- at A ^- .'^ *i
. ...._w F -
farious productions, our various resources, Ac., but apace forbids farther
"seeing is believing,
Invite all home seekers and health seekers to come and see
a and our
J. M, Bryan, E.
desirous of further information can address
G. Rehrer, B. McS. Byrne and Dr. E. B. Miles at
. G. H. Norton
A. St. Clair.
Abrams, Lake Eustis P
O., Ornge Co., Fla.
those contemplating growing oranges or lemons should go to
is situated among the
high rolling bills, among
Eustis, and from
For further information
8A NF ORlD,
Wll oandut surveys In all par of Surat Florida.
Offiae t tbs Oouw
.. ._ m o e p u = i
ORANGE COUNTY, FLORIDA.
In looking on a good map of the State of Florida, near the heal
of the Ocklawnha river, will be found Lake Dora; Lake Beauctair liis
just south of it and, with the river as it passes northward from Lake
Apopka, form the western boundary of our locality. We are located
midway between Royallieu and Zellwood postoffices, We are ten miles
from the present terminus of the 8t. Johns and Lake Eistis railroad, at
Fort Mason. In connection with the railroad, a little steamer plies
about Lake Eustis. A small expenditure in improving the channel be-
tween Lakes Eustis and Dora would enable this steamer to come to the
various proposed landings on Lake Beauclair and the Ocklawaha river
along the western border of our region. This, it is hoped, will be ac-
complished within a year.
The region which we are trying to bring more thoroughly to the at.
tention of persons seeking first-class orange-growing. healthful locations
includes twenty sections, mostly of high, rolling, first-class pine landl.
Our locality is peculiarly adapted to semi-tropical fruit culture. on ac-
count of its freedom from killing frosts, the effect of lying to the east
and southeast of Lakes Beauclair. Dora, Eustis, Harris and Griffin.
Improved and unimproved land can be had at reasonable prices in
.lots to suit purchasers, from private parties. Our neighborhood is rap-
idly settling up. about ten new families having come in within the past
year. Our population (all white save one family) is of the quiet, order-
ly class, and we have no liquor saloons within ten miles. Our locality is
devoid of malaria. No doctors needed here, if they propose to obtain
a living by their profession.
The lakes of this region are well stocked with fish-the varieties
being trout (black bass of the north) cat and bream. Deer are found
on the hills, especially in some '"scrub" or waste land adjoining us. and
in the 'flatwoods" near by. Quail and squirrel are also found, and
doves and blackbirds sometimes become a nuisance. Sunday school is
held each week at Zeliwood. and also near by at Sorrento. Episcopal
church service is held monthly at Zellwood. and four miles south of
Tangerine the Methodists hold meetings once or twice monthly. A
public day school will certainly be established within our borders during
the coming fall. At the proposed town of Tangerine a small store has
been opened where the prime necessaries of life can be obtained. A
fuller stock is kept at other stores from five to ten miles distant. Good
building lumber retails at the mills, threb, five and eight miles distant,
at $8 to $12 per 1,00 feet, and dreamd flooring at about $15.
In looking at the map iss d by the State. you must bear in mind
that there an thoumnds of bemauSfdilttle clear water lakes of from 10
to 400 acres, and a few of 400 to 8,000 not shown on it. Our locality
has a goodly number of them. The proper way to reach our locality is
the usual one .* via Jsemowille, Fla" The St. Johns river steainer
will carry you from Jacksonville to Astor. and then the railroad takes
OR ANGE COUNTY, FLORIDA. 41.
you will see one of the choice spots of Florida. We ht.ve no black
gt its or sand flies, and a bar at night protects us from the mosquitoes
during the few weeks in summer when we are subject to them. They
never annoy us in daytime, as they do in some parts of New Jersey,
There are less snakes on our uplands than in any unsettled part of the
Drinking water is from our clear water lakes, springs and wells; it
is soft and healthful. Boarding might be obtained among some of the
families here for $12.00 per month, or $4.00 to $5.00 per week; and at
the Bourland House, on Lake Ola, at reasonable rates. A post office
has recently been established at Tsungerine, and we have senmi-weekly
mail service. *" The Tangerine Development Society" is an association
composed chiefly of persons who have.taken homesteads in this region,
and who desire to see the merits of this locality more thoroughly made
known to intending settlers. The officers of the society are D. W.
Adams P. M. National Grange), President; J. C. Buss, Vice President;
R. J. Wright, Treasurer; J. I. Foster, Corresponding Secretary. For
further particulars address the secretary.
LoNGewooD-Nine and a half miles from Sanford, on the South
Florida Railroad, offers inducements to immigrants, and those wishing
beautiful and healthful homes many advantages. It has been but a few
years that the tide of seekers after Florida homes turned their steps this
way, and now may be seen surrounding the beautiful clear water lakes,
many large flourishing orange groves and comfortable homes.
Being on the line of the South Florida Railroad, we have rapid and
convenient transportation for fruits, vegetables, lumber, &c. We have
a railroad depot. a post office, two stores furnishing general supplies, a
public school during the regular term, two churches, Episcopal and Bap-
tist, a good boarding house, to which additions are to be made in time
fi," winter travel, a first class carriage and wagon factory, conducted by
a practical machinist, also two saw mills, turning out rough and planed
Our lands are high, rolling, and healthy; well adapted to the grow.
ing of all kinds of semi-tropical fruits and vegEtables. Lying between
the South Florida Railroad mud the Wekiva river are the high, rolling
pine bills of Orange Coaty; a ridge running from the Sylvan Lake
settlement on toward the southern portion of the county, "healthy and
alubrious, and rapidly being settled up .by entetpriing people from the
North and West. Land i, large sad small lots can be had at reasonable
rates by actual settlers. Let of inquiry will be duly answered by
addrMsng either of the Ibllonjjg gentlemen
.. AND, .P.OVE_
ORANGE COUNTY, FLORIDA.
ALToQNA, in Orange County, is aiJtated on the line of the St,
Johns and Lake Eustis Rlilroad, seventeen miles from Astwr on the St.
Johns river, and eight (iles from Fort Mason on Lake Eustis, and
about the center of the mct elevated section through which the said
road leads. Altocna is one mile south of Lake ]orr, which is four
miles long by three in width a this s oone axf the most beautiful bodies
of water in western Orange.
The situation of Altoona s strikingly attractive, being on and
among heavy rolling land, and surrounded by a number of beautiful
clear water lakes. The soil is a sandy loam with a clay subsoil varying
from one to four feet from the surface. This belt of country extends
from the north of Lake Dorr to beyond Tmatilla north and south for a
distance of seven miles on the railroad, and from Acron to N'ggertown
Creek east and west, for a distance of twelve' miles, This-belt of coun-
try leading to the northeast and east of Lake vrr is a high, rolling pine
country, embracing about six thousand unoccupied acres of land taken
by the State to supply the deficiency of the sixteenth section of the
school land. which Is an evidence of its superior quality,
There are here more young and flourishing groves, with many bear-
ing. than in any other portion of our common ooemty, with a well organ,
Ized society, having the advantage of good church and school facilities,
This land can be entered under the homestead law f the State, Acts of
1881. which is as follows: By actual residence and cultivation for three
years, and paying for the land at three annual installments, one.third
each year, the land being sold to settlers at one dollar and a quarter per
acre, This land can be bought in locs from forty to ote hundred and
The country directly east of Altoona, conmencing two miles from
ame, is a flat country. interspersed with rising knoull of elevated land,
many of which contain beautiful orange groves, and famous among
them in this locality may be meatvued those of Dykes, Kirkland, Shultz
and Crow. This section is also specially adapted to raising of stock,
where they can be kept at no cost and little attention,
The county directly north of Altoona, and along the line of railroad
to the head of Lake Dorr, b level but sufficiently elevated to insure per.
feet drainage and affording some of the best hands in this section.
The coauty west and northwest of Altoona is a high, hilly and roll.
iog Wd, intespeud with wny awaiL but beautiful clear water lakes,
mkalog it a very desirable lalIity for thee in search of health. This
section is being settled up rapidly by persons from the north and wet.
To the morth and auth.vea of Aboua towards Port Mason for a
few n the we y is a beautiftd sc en of rolling land, and
It thb mectton nay be found mme of theo mo t beautiful ea, surround-
ed by live oak, and affording aine of the bet land for general agricut.
tar and dpi ol.
flemnA.. at n. a-d-asta.a. at all naa af 1k. I ian*
ORAKNGU COUNTY, FlORIDA.
pased by any spot in the United States, water pure, sweet and as good
ae could be desired, though not as cold naturally 0s the water further
north, owing to the evexaeus of the temperature of the cd Mlak. We
have convenient schools fore c nelghl Re/od. under the management
of efficiat teachers, the church facilities are not as dedsred, btt move-
ments are being inaugurated to apply the deficiency. Our section ei
well supplied with steam saw mills, situated immediately on the railroad,
which makes them accessible to each and every neighborhood.
ZELLWOODD-Latit] 28o north, is sitUatad iv thae beautiful
lake region of West Orange County. twenty-five miles from the St.
Johns river, four niles and a half from the Ocklawaha river, and ten
miles southeast of Lake Wsstis, the present terminuas of the St. Johns
and Lake Eustis Railroad. The topography of the country immediately
surrounding is high. roling and picturesque the usual pnonotony of the
piny woods being broken by hills, valley and nitneros clear water
lakes. The 6sdlt&d&laid with clay riod fee frogn undergrowth, is of
fair quality pad well adapted to the puodiction of all kinds of semi-
tropical fruits. The location is perfectly haldthy, and affords me*y
desirable sites for groves and residences.
We have a school, post office, and a rapidly inceasing population
largely composed of people of refinement and intelligence. The
enlargement of the channels connecting lakes Dora, Beauclair and
Apopka, which is nos rapidly pogneasingi Wt give us water transportar
don within three miles; while the railroad proposed from Lake Eustjs
to Orlando via Zellwood and A popka il1 giwe ys a speedy and cop
venient outlet inith'e near future. Victors can best reach gellwood by
rail from Astor on the St, Johns to Lake Eustis, where cowweyance .cao
he r ae.. Caresqadlena solicited.
CzSaOGE w. WEI4BY.
aZefwood, Orange Co., Fi1
. V- -
W1l nwanM In Ahb fitSA and
TaRMS OP SUB& IPTION.-8-2 per year; $1 for six months
for three months. Slugle copies by mail for two 3-cent stamps.
The REPORTEPR is devoted to the development of
aims in all things to keep fully abreast of the tines in I
South Florida, and
fnfo rmition ooncern-
lug this favored region.
No other portion of the
United States is at pres-
ent attracting so much attention as this; no other portion offers
attractions to home-seekerd, or capitalists desiring te invest money. It has
the finest climate in the world, both in winter and summer; and statistics
prove it to he the most healthy portion of the habitable globe. It is the
home of the semi-tropical fruits, and only required development to make it
all that can be desired for an earthly home.
I am prepared to build or repair, at short notice,
Buggies, BuckBoar& s, Carts and Wagons of all nds.
H1iM PATENT WHEELS WITH BROAD TIRES A SPECIALTY.
A general assortment of Wagons, Ac.,
, constantly on hand for sale.
WA- hT.IED ONE YEAR.
Please call and examine my work and give me your orders.
do my best to please you bhth in QUALITY OF
WORK and PRICE. You will
ORANcGE COUNTY, FLORIDA.
ALEX. ST. CLAIR-ABRAMS,
B. L. SUIMMERLIN,
ATTORNEYS AT LA
.a.,n Coo.E'r OI"o .r
Will practice in Orange. Volusia, Brevard, Sumter and Polk
Counties. Prompt attention given to collections.
Examination of Land Tites a specialty.
BRUCH OFFICE AT SANFORD, FLA.
ORULADO. ORANGE CO., FLA.
Devoted to the Diffusion of Truth, the Establishment of Justice,
semination of Pure Literature, and the Development of the
Industrial and Agricultural Interests of
"the Italy o( America."
GEO. EUGENE BRYSON,
SVSSB TT~f*LZTZOT WfZlZO
FIrry CENTS per annum, postage prepaid; payable Invariably In ad-
vance. Specimen copies. 5 cents each. W A CASH commission of 20 per
cent. will be allowed those who procure subscribers for the Florida.
Money should be sent by P. 0. money order or registered letter, so as
to provide as tar as possible against its loss by mail. S Postage stamps
will only be accepted for specimen copies of paper.
Address all letters, etc., to
Orlando, Orange County, Florida.
Telegrams for all parts of the United States and Europe received at the
offices ofS these companies for transmislon. Line to Maitland, Orlando and
tihdmmae In nAMtirtlon.' JOHN S. ARNOLD. SuDt.
* 1 -
s OEIiNGx CO-wfoy, PLO:
F LO I "" I.A
Land on this Grant, the property of The Florida Land and Colhn.
ization Company, Limited, is mno offered for sale in lots to suit par-
chaser, at prices varying, according to location and quality, on easy
terms and long time to actual settlers. This property is, for the mart
part, an old Spanish Grant, confirmed under treaty wfth Spain by the
. United States Supreme Court, and, consequently, has a perfect title. It
embraces nearly 25 square miles; and is situated in Orange County, on
the south side of Lake Monroe, at the head of navigating for large
steamers on the St. Johns River, in latitude 28 dcg. 50 m'm. North.
The population of the county has been increased tenfold in as many
This section is nowT, without doubt, recognized as among the best
in the State for the cultivation of the Orange and Lemon, by its ex-
emption from injurious frost, accessibility to market, and facilities for
transportation. It is a notable fact that during the most severe cold
the thermometer ranged 10 higher at Sanford, than 100 miles further
north on the 8f Johns River. The lowest vange en the 80th ef Dec.,
1880, (the great freeze) was, at 6 a. m., 280, and at 8 a. m., 82, while
it was S2 at Enterprise, across Lake Monroe north, and at Jacksonville
and St. Augustine, 18. At the State Fair at Jacksonville, on thejidtb
of Jutry, the tnt pris were given to pineapples lemon, aad to the
lime, lemon and citron blossoms; cabbage, cauiflowers, turnips, c., o
Sanford-In all, nine premiums for the Grant-a unique exhibit after
the frost which did so much damage in the Jacksonville region.
Its AsItmo on the msoh se f udk Mearoe i veiy favorable
for the growth of fruits, vegetables, Ac.. as it. gives almost complete
perfection from front.
Sanford is a arnif, n3 arttu incomorated town. with Shom.
OB1ANGE COUNTY, FLORIDA. 47
newspaper (South Florida Journal), Expresse and Telegraph, and the
usual facilities of a growing town, and is the terminus of the South
orida Bilroad, now completed to the head of the Klaslamee E ver,
onthe way to the Gdlf of Mexuic; it is the terminus for several lines
of steamboats plying on the 8t. Johns River-one of them daily to and
from "Jacksonville; there is a steam saw, box and planing mill in the
town, which supplies lumber at low prices; steam sash, door and blind
factory; also car shops, in which all the cars of the S. F. R. R., with
two or three exceptions, have been made.
There are fine openigs for business of various kinds, especially
factories for making paper, brushes, &c., of the palmetto; for utilizing
the Spanish moss for mattresses and upholstery; for preserving and
making jelly, marmalade, &c., of the guava, sweet and sour oranges,
and other fruits. There is also an opening for a tannery-as annually
large numbers of hides are sent North from this and adjoining counties
for sale, while the very best tannin known can be had in unlimited quan-
tities near at hand-and, in fact, this town offers good openings for all
industries needed to supply a back country of over 15,000 population
having its outlet here.
The Sanford House, one of the best hotels in the State, and
numerous boarding houses, meet the requirements of travelers of every
condition. Boating and fishing on Lake Monroe furnishes an unfailing
resource for the pleasure seeker. A large, warm Sulphur Spring, within
a mile of the hotel, possesses invigorating properties, while a cold spring
of sulphur water supplies this healthful beverage to the invalid. An
ever-flowing Artesian Well in the hotel grounds supplies the guests with
an abundance of Sulphor Water, the beneficial effects of which are
Lots in the town of Sanford for sale. Special rates and terms for
the trades and those bringing new business enterprises.
JAMES E. INGRAHAM, Agent,
Sanfor c., Ozanre COo.n-, fl
O' RANGE COUNTY, .PLORIDA.
This road 1i now completed as ar a
On Lake Tohoptaluga, the head waters of the Kisslruee River, and offer
every aclty to the Settler and to the
Its rites of freight and bg are oer than many of the old eetb-
ashed roads. Its eqtpmeno are frst-dcae ad its roed bed one of the
best in the State.
.ThB Company hs for rale, on remonabe terns,
Well adapted to the culture of the fruits of.the citrn famOy, as well as
vegetables, cne, cotton, etc.
T^^^^ IIZ^^T~ 'LU+S;RLWW^rw
of the Company, will be open for guests about th 156th of
All oorrsponden.e regudhigff hod. S dd be addreued to the Chief
3RATnGE 'COUiTr, PLORTIDA.
This town is the county seat of Orange County. "tlis located near
'the geographical center of the county. The region about it is a high
:pine country. dotted here and there with clear, fresh water lakes. The
.pine timber of this regions being rapidly cleared away and the ground
set out in fruit. trees. When all of the native timber shall give place to
,orange groves, and the rolling lands be embellished with tasteful resi-
dences, surrounded with groves and well kept grounds, this will be one
,of the most attractive portions of the State. The town is small, and
although one of the oldest in the county, yet is essentially new. It is
only during the past year that the town has sprung into life and vigorous
.growth. Prior to that time the land upon which the place is.located was
'in litigation, and ,valid titles to the property cold not be given. For
'this reason people who wished to locate in this vicinity were compelled
0to settle outside, and the country adjacent was developed far in advance
of the town itself. With the settlement of the. litigation came a de-
mand for lots.; new buildings were erected, new life seemed to pervade
:the community, an.d the place has taken on a vigorous and sturdy growth
like that witnessed in many Western towns.
The completion of the South Florida Railroad 'from Sanford to
Orlando, which was almost simultaneous with the ending of the litiga-
tion, contributed in no small degree to the boom which the town and
surrounding country has enjoyed. This road has opened up transporta-
tion for fruit and vegetable products, and at the same time brought an
army of enterprising home-seekers from other States, who, recognizing
the fine attractions offered, have cast their lots here, and are contrib-
uting largely to the general development.
One of the most gratifying features of this new growth is the fact
that these later accessions are from the most intelligent and substantial
element of the several sections they represent. Society, which is now
forming, promises to be of an excepienally high order-socially, intel-
.lectually and morally.
The town is regularly incorporated and has a municipal organiza-
:tion. It has public schools during the public term with a totdi list of
nearly one hundred add fifty pupils. Private schools are maintained
-during the months whpp there 'are no public school, qo that children
-can have the advantage of eight or, nine moerhs oT cbheol in the year.
There are no church edifices as yet, although there are several regular
*church organizations. Baptists, Methodists, Episcopalians and Presby-
terians are taking preliminary steps toward putting up church buildings,
and the Catholics have secured ground for church and school in the near
future. There are fifteen stores and business houses, covering the gen-
eral range of merchandise, wagon and carriage factory, saddlery, livery
stable, blacksmith and gunshops. A furniture factory and tannery are
9- .. -_ .... M _- ... A _I _- J t_- l-*_ .- .- JL. 1L.. .., &
Ot ORANtXE COUNTY, FLORIDA.
tain. A large number of neat and convenient cottages would find
ready tenents at good rtes. Money judiciously invested in such build-
ings wonid give the owner satifactory returna.
A pressing need of this section-as of the greater portion of the
county-is lumber. Several mills ame ocated ear here, but they have
not been able to keep up with the demand, and this scarcity of lumber
has retarded building operations greatly. Them need b.e no fears that
the demand will be less for some years, as the rapid growth of towa and
country bids fair to, increase rather than demlnish.
Under judicious municipal relations the taxes are low, and have
steadily decreased for the past tmee or four years. Florida taxes are
never burdensome. The 3South Bondda Railroad is being extended
southward to the head of navigatie an lbe Ki.snmee. 'This will give
us direct rail and water communication with the Kisskmnee and Oke-
chobee regions. Other lines are prQjected boCh eastward and westward,
-and a few years at farthest will place Orlando on direct lines of con-
munication with the Atlantic and Gulf coasts, and but three or four
hours ride from either. This wi .insure 'a daily supply of salt water fish
and oysters in the season, and make a "trip to the coast" but a
One thing which is contdbatig largely to the prosperity and de-
velopement of this portion of the county is the fact that lands mre being
subdivided into smal holdings of five, ten and twenty acmes, and each
of these small tracts is being taken for settlement and cultivation.
People are beginning to ndemstand that for fruit and vegetable culture
in Florida, ten acres is seough. This system of subdivision insures
better improvements, high culture and greater population.
Two practical smarymnen. of abundant means and extensive ex-
perience hase purchased land adjacent to Ae town, and are now engag-
*ed in the pediminary work of these enterprise. This will be of great
value to th section, as it will enable peope to get supgples of trees at
home, and at the same tie give' &em te benefit ef the intelligent
experiments f practical horticulturist.
A private school of high grade, woudd be welcomed, and liberasly
patYnaed from the heart. The manufacture of furniture umdid be
proftllMe. A merchant tailor and shoemaker are needed, and if com-
petent would do well. The manufacture of marmalade from ranges
and guavas a field which is invitfig attention, and orange wine from
the cracked fruit, could be aade large quantities and at a hand-
To htb. who are seeking bomen in Florida, Orlando extends a
.cordial invitation to come and see for themselves. Come and see us.
If you am pleased and wish to locale he, earty welcome awaits ymJ.
ORANGE COUNTT, FLORIDA.
The efforts of this agency are eoalned almost entirely to
Because it it HuArxrnY. Becaue it is Bpow DAMAaGIN FaOTr LINu.
Because, after thorough examination and investigation of other sections, I
believe it to be, everything considered,
for the profitable culture of the semi-tropial fruits.
It is Attrating to it the
Eery te in the
and of Foreign Countries, and
In the increase of its population, as shown by the last census.
a county greater in area than many states in the Union,
are yet Plenty
Lands For Bale.
Because confining my attention to this particular locality, I ean obtain
a more accurate knowledge of every playe I hae for sale, and am less liable
o hbe deceived or to deoeie others as to their merits. I take no place.on my
booka which personal and eooe inspe ton has not eonvineed me is well
worth the price demanded for t; and I hold myself personally responsible
for an honest and fair state/itn, in every instance, of advatitages or dis-
advantages. Parties at a distance wlshng to purchase, will do well to give
their limit as to price; I can then write them more defiuite descriptions of
properties coming within their range.
TELL MB A EAdLY
As POfOlBLL WHAT YOU WANT, AND I'LL FIND
IT IF IT IS TO aB HAD.
Florida to-day presents mor ladueaments to thle immigrant, rich or
poor, than any other State or territory in the Union; and Orange Cwnty
as many, at least, as any County in the State. She has
navigable by large vmel to the ocean,
Opening to Her the Best markets in the WorM
hr h, fruits by ehe pet rporton. She has a railroad now, onmeet-
ing her with the hedw rs od hev steamboat navigation at Lake Monroe,
and whleh will soon be completed to the Gulf of Mexieo-net works ot
railways.already ohqtered, and soon to be built, will give her saetty trans.
poraton to all thams tnpl points. Correpondenoe on all points of later-
eWt to tihe lmlfrnmi reoanttly wiltod and nromntlv answered.
ORNq PX9W, FLORIDA.
w.. A. PATI OK.
C- "1 -
orrier Churc and Orange Streets.
C~rrer ~t ur~i:~ an
Oa L.A AD O
CROC KER Y,
IRON RKING, cook, and duplicate pieces theret)r, constantly on hand.
SUGAR-CANE MILLS & PAINS;
i .-. A ; .
Wv WAlP POWVD3Z YLAP,'l, SSt aO nitfl A
&r4G CQOuNTY, !tOQJP A.
OF THE THRIVING
ALSO THE MOST VALUABLE
These lots Jiave recently been
A BAPD 4L3S ORE
lie- rtcent growth of thb town is upon the tract of ilnd oQ w\lduh
aU ai portion.
on account of ihe gr
Uld terms, apply to.
rowing demand for them.
as to picsi.
lim nl. Fla.
thl lot.I ,
ORANG COUNT, FLOWIDA.
BON. D F. HAMMOND.0
J'0o, O, JONRB
Will practice in all the court.,
epresenting Fist Orange Groves and Un-
Land. in the
QVF O ua aT
A FULL LINU O0
HARNRs, SADDLES. BRIDLES,
COLLARS, W HSOW, OL CHOlC
BITS. AmD 8ADDLERY HADIWAUE
ALL WOR, DOfE BY HAND.
@3 ae dA rL
OWB 8~Y MH, PBOPrY A TO.
Ogpx@ SY MAIL PB OCFLY A TO.
m on oq addMre,
This house is pleaan
mnes portion of the town.
situated wlthia two winates' walk of the bust-
and the summrndngseare attractive.
It is the aim of theproprietor to beep a
where Tourists and Visitorsecaa find a pleasant home.
IN T THE THRIVING
Adjoinig and near to the
AS KO BE B
I am offeitg te testlrgmla s to TI w niots of any one.
dtAishe wE trflbrtba.)
twoXett&, Sea Besui Shea Jewey.
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