Group Title: Negro ethnography : races that make up the population of Jacksonville
Title: Negro ethnography
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055671/00001
 Material Information
Title: Negro ethnography races that make up the population of Jacksonville
Alternate Title: Races that make up the population of Jacksonville
Physical Description: 13, 1 leaves : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Richardson, Martin D
Simms, John A
Federal Writers' Project of the Work Projects Administration for the State of Florida
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: S.l
Publication Date: 1936?]
 Subjects
Subject: African Americans -- History -- Florida -- Jacksonville   ( lcsh )
Ethnology -- Florida -- Jacksonville   ( lcsh )
History -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references (leaf 14).
Statement of Responsibility: Martin Richardson, field worker ; John A. Simms, editor.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: "Federal Writers' Project, American Guide (Negro Writers' Unit), Jacksonville, Florida."
General Note: "March 20, 1936."
General Note: Typescript for the Federal Writers' Project.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00055671
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002106486
oclc - 35205457
notis - AKU5904

Full Text










Fie
Oou
257
13


-aerxo

t~ i

tin Rlohardon
Id trker
plete
8 trdi


PACES TIl? A


DRAL" 'lpRSo P
an uido (Ifeo
Jaolreonvil, le Y


lori t


Snit)


hgro h
John A.
Editor


r -'w -


raoe


the

and


district


that


a aoattered f


ebraoes


w Japane


whites


foreignborn;


reeks.,

oensus)


Jews,.


81,755.


native-born


Spaniards,


Steero


Oarrib


latter


yards,


o


0


lauded


WBst


Ila.


that make up the population of

Jaokonville are Whitoe, Woro

ee, Ohinoee and other Aaiatioe.

are divided into natiw-born and

ategory takes in mainly Italian.

bana and Syriane. otal(Nederal


I tho Nogro population are the

Indiana, Oubane, .Potueuese,

snaer and ilipinoa. their total


amne


oen


T


that


State


0011


of ?


hcban


Swm


lorid


*uw as 48,

'he tal pop

was 129,549;

a i 1935, i


the


and oth
a nea .


*1


788.


ulation

bowver


SoBe

~??oO


r foreign-born


In nWnA f


for


oity


sa o0


e this


total


**et


Stion


taen

1 to


ted


by te

M8,8W.O(1)
*i 9 i


the


constitute
1


4h4a


be-


At A nfl1 I'P a


tnan #


W mtwa a


I


t


M amm


I







Negro Ithuogi
Martin iohar
Jatokonville,


this


oategoy


wald


bout


three


* There a


said


half


that


land


who


not


olamified I


In, the


egfroes
Negro


oeasn.


diatriot


Jaokmonville


several


languages


are


frequently


hoardt


Among


a large


number


the


proprietors


ptoree,


fruit


stands


and


liar


enterprteea,


Syrian,


Italian


and


other


language


are


fnly


used;


dry


goods


etoroa,


wholesale


fruit


nrehousn


and


rmrkets


and groori ee


T$ddlsh


may


heard


quite


often.


their use


Tho
altoat


speakers


entirely


these


their


foreign


business


Stongfee,


confine


transnotlons.


that


when


t 'iy


l:)ave


for


t'seir


homes,


which are


invariably


other


parts


the


oity,


those


languages


are


not


heard.


oan


readily


deduced


that only


really


bi-


lingual


dieatriote


the


oity


are


the


wMhre


Spanish


speakl


ing


people


triote
section


that
of


live


Amhle


adjacent
within

,, Davis


to En 11 sh
this oategor


and Beaver


speatint


are


Street


Spahlsb-.


the


T


west


o dis

mt ei
eIP-


and


t.e


idos


section


et9o,


border

$ats1.


these


tw


ng


on a


Outroh' and
o distriote


olgar


$aotory on


et


a oorrwupton


the


apeni


tongue


prera ent,


along


with English.


orto


Spall


about


two


the


II




I*
E~th
Ktbno mphy


legro
Marti
Jaoks


Fori

am


DI nrk


dA


ttering of


Potugu-.s.


west


Bide


area,


taurants


faot


that


upon


and

tho


with


'shops


oustomar

more d


Be&ver


who


slay


ivethan
than


and


him

he w


Ashley


order


Streets

Spanish


given


eglih.


han pna


quite


often


that


four


five


person


found


hitting


Stheose" plasoo


running


a rapid


fire


OOnvrl


tion,


whioh questions


are


asked


En rlish


ad readily


awered


S!anjah.


Notable


insatnoe -of


this


pnay


observed


Cafe


ita.,


Ashley


Joffoeron


Streets and


the f.


Manuel,


8O One


Boavor


but


onoe


Davia


erous
hoes';


Streets.


the

'he


Jcoksonville


people


who


raotal


desorioe


ielSn


hen8,
this


are


group


Oharleaton


teri etio


South
'@0819


Oarolina.

they have


Despite


their


a languse "and


pbysloal

flu


are


bo

9t

is


not ri


oallSd

under

word

found


readily


The


- -


traoeable,

Oeohees s


O n


'peak


a langsage


experts )


olsaetfi


-m -. .. -


that has

~tMOea "


tio


dtinitely


other tare


OOO


diff


studj


onrlle,


providit


WI


- ti;-
' -N
''I


'*


is t


hoeo order


vanished from


saelve


near


Ihile


a wegro


origin.


11 letito


with a


no other


foreeIn


stst


L


no a&XE


!


iah,




1
4

HW


fattin Rioh rtaon
Jaoksonville,. no:


The Geooh


til


nogrT


air o
. tho


sharper.


a"d


one


oapabli


roa


oe hae f
n; the oh

forehead


mont


long
for


ow outstanding ,pyhaOibal


eekbonea


are


nhe
hour
their


&re


similar,

group, th
e of hard
ready ad


the


cugh,


I


work;


olraoter-


low


noses
are


ohookbones


are


11ittle,


as a rule


this


thought


to waterfrontt


work.


onl

in


y


after


They a

r long


re


superstition an


seorotive,


aoquaintanoe


lore,


cmnnoitivoe


-with


although


aJloof


people,


their neighbors.


few of


carry


ixing


ar.


rioh


their


torlo


tales


bookh


Sewyral


others,


all


taken


that


from


ty farther than
'xplanationn of


they
vest


are


Afr


the e
their


deaoendante

ioan tribe.


early


days


orii n


have


ber


truth


slavery.


been
of a


given


laves


this, though!i
-


aoording


e ho


are.


studied


them


stiU


hidden


somewhere


queer


GUllah


the

dialed o


he@


reluctance


talk


too


and


their


. (a)


i fr


Indian


population


11e


Indian


berm


who


the others
9


olaimn


a Ohippewa


Tribe


and a


yWenq nadin ro


ather.


The


pree


t descendant


istioe


the

any


strong


IU


lp ability


1--








Jaotti Rileha
Jaoktpaviieli


tlid


John


ha elai


hia


sral


found at


ward t
what r


handng


8800


nori


eluotant


English


Street.


talk a

sUally


bout


a esort
the 8cst
himself,


betrays


sand


horn


kbt n

things


ra noh in g


path
Raily


his


foreign


, He


sinese
about


Physiaiolly,


has


none


toaturea


WITro .


Hi S


plexion


dark,


but


an even roJdish3


hue


found mong


oolo


folk.


His


hair


a startling


book


ary*


innocent


brush


and


and


spreading where


wil ,'over


hoad.


atrands


Stand


straight


'up,


prodding


an odd


e feot.


Amona


things


Caddy


tbalO


interviewers


about


h Ie


middle


his


skull


large


enough


innart


a half-dollar


"e


depth


an inoh


re.


0


known


radd is o:
in Jaokeon


oreate 1
oity for

bette r t


relief


a quarter


ian


a fiery,


11o
and

of


and


quiok-


its


disposition,


ouirrons


the


job office. He ota:
a oentuit, although


well


ronen


nv li


tMhi


still


Sa Eglihb.


With


into


'riet


the
is


lgro i t
r latinli


increase,
infreovant


el-ew


racial


" 1 lie
e la nori


nonIM.


tbhe


h :


Speed


*poaka


11







Nepro Ztjnogra
,lHartin Riohard
Jaokn onlfl*9,


This


tiona


aMowg


t iM


I however

8pAnish


dO49


have


speaking


its


eatsIt


no tabl


who


xo


xonp-


bave


iaed
igrattod


tries,

group. I

'otill o

Chinese

mranrx ied


and


Ot'i

ffo

in

to


to tflil

a few

er Exoo

r inter

t'o oi

onerro


state

f the

tons,
sting


omen a


from


cuba


isalnds

while


rat ria

.instan

,t 'preno


and


tNt m

lees fr

Sfor i


nt. Ono


oteir


ako


Oarr bbear


t'io


Seu ntly


woat


noou-

Indies


enoountored,


nves tigaton.


loeat


case


has


two


Among

persons


a large


tho


Chinese-


wegro
few A


fm nily.


siatios


Iil.

are


The
oharaoterlotion


racial


like

found


and

ion,


I


the

in


group a

the pu
n that

The

brows


lone

re 0


race

oae


are


oase


io, p

own to


Idren

,t ara


Their


ortwunes


have


nineoa-


of

not


this


a few

ried.


into


in tanoesa


anM a


rafro.


Chinono-Nao


noconesarily


eyoe,


e nor


ione


likewise


are


whila


they


high,


union


podullar


Nall,


have


aro.


to

not


alant


re Ohinee


nantly


t ln


rilental.


hare

either

as alsond.


generally


Wepzo,


The


a light


yellow,


ktt 't


lips


:e not


the


thin


linea


the
a.^


Ohinea


south.


C .9


- a- -U


1


---- -I- ~--LI--I


I


_____ __~ I_


\






wagro .tbnogr
Martin Rlohr
JIoknonvlle,.


Ida


both group,


a thcos


apteasr


little of


division


botwo


t hir


oharaotrietion and


the usawl


oraWIO


oriatiooe


either


indivtvid


gTrap.


Tho


ronreeontlnfr


foimd


and moro


gonorat


tormacrlrago,


district


,m Iarr


an ago-old


thoir


not


Etoup


or

thin


ona


that


more


prodqt


rtoes.,


violnity


however.


exoopt


roroved tron


:O oole.O


one


but


desire


an far


fathilie

the


and


Te


a npoolfio


bo alno


attoapt,


sibles,


the


atn
and


deLmonI

Sorigin


Creole of
rpOUP (a


*to


a apoolfio


oonnoloun


the original


or
whit


wre originally


xt


ancestors *
of which nothing
Ante two throo

al br.olas,. In-

day A 0nd of tal
result uj inter-

.youp beoAuse of
ot"eorwle to pr-
;o etrin through


>Um of spanish


and


Frenoh


people


saott ered,


l r~ely


over


Gulf


of Mexioo


resione.


Loui


Iprobbly


has


or had


but


bile,


Pan


ooaat


ol t ie


and other


point


tbhir


na t4ir ari


Uaok


tfe


of


da eniant a


far


?a ma


these original


Oreolee.


Into


I


-t


09a3*ie


now


abulk


no4


I1


I







Jero Ethnozg
Martin Biobhr
j.ohkeonvillo,

have lost aoi
as the *ooal


Os401


,aistio


all


thoir


the


pbtraoal


feon


this


stea d


into


rtaW


with


eoonoeso
economto


hllioh is
reatons,


have


Creole


plantftion


bogun


f oantury


owners


iled


ago, re
their


Nocto


elavesa


and


havo


continued


throup


a period


for


sooial


reaeona,


Oroole


daoeondnte


found


wives


other


T ,oroes


tore.


availablo


*a groupp hav


thornm.
e beon


mo st


lout(in


foLmer


-thil


diatinotiv


seotion).


The


ligtf


Iplexiona


are


varying


shRdea


brown;


the


straight


blaok

es~ 4


rapidly


blonde


peouliar


the


dai


raoe


aro


wpering,
seldom


and

"8On


the

in


Orsole


population


fewr

These
theme
ness,


t
be


iogl


*elves


an one him

long to at
; the Negro

e refusal.
Oe with whi


into


a jalouly


slit
8me


eioally, So'"e

ed, aooordi


alf-dosed fi
population


mingle


and.


daendanta


n1


Seol
g to

ilelo


with


with


wh


available

I. Their e
a there ,4


Nertoe


the volun


rioh tore


and

*ag


t


here


intornation.


ooial

well,
heir


oUI


tieo of


but


folk


and


pasb


-


n in


this


via


m fl


dAltinmuih, them


dosendante


e




I- --<
C.


* *g
' -- -


NeOro IthnomraO .
Martin Riohardaon
JaoLaontllie, lor


in lorid, kbut no

Jaokeontlle, are

restdonte of the N


aroted In


' who re-


voltOd


shortly


indigo


the imrpol

white and


raising


egro


hbnoes


etate.


found in.


Auunati


many of


One o


foreign


elation


into


t:)i8


wioh nwegro

tards and P

oooupations


ot lire

ortugu


Oubnus,


,1 ungW e and

often erronaoo-


live


a looal


*Spsniarda*.


have


ftol


lowod


8po,,nih'


when


ganeal and


Jaokeontill

ufaoture of


Oitar


mak


in pwr

oigara

Sprvoed


oth


* were


Ost 0


beooaing noted


oduot


for


d around


their


Sam


toboeOOo


principal ocow tion


O.


8psaiah

oiar i


tor


otoortie


than


to


half of


their


laonr


.thie


Toutp.


a -


a- -


- a -~


a


I


'.4
B q


. .


rlddt





.


..(5)


pop-


grivo


T*e pe


L .-


r.l






to Itnowgra
tin Riolatrd


AMkanvi


have


ns,


U-larged


industry


inesa tr
ouatoas,


the


and tI


Woo-ro


atwhe
when


attendtno

waently t


diatrictt


and
into


'opnety


the


hrifty,


whloh


they


ownership)


has


Oathl1o


they


bVs.


live


their


ocoured,


ohurohes


the


and iaor


effeot


has


been


on reoola

notloeably


constructive.


The


brought


iti


'lu


anbthor


the


f aotor


Oubhns
whioh


and ot el


Lntina*


ap are rrioloum


aurtaoe,


ebt o
but a


wut


soolol


oaoee


-hioh


and


a generation


am


has


condition


aorati y would real.


r


This


had


1 set


eratfk


ftafr


efteot a

any thin
t'e FrnbL


whioh
whioh

ruge


t o


perant


a oonmtleas


com t
mge of

legion


mnd


it,-e


a leisurely


nWo
Ate a


a prt '
throat


of
to


patil


tho well


boing of


i others.


Wegro


ioat


I

on local'

and John


Two

fa00


ntwreating


aphy


are


shown


es of


the.


the


affeot of


Loui


ins.


r thb


teora


Civil


xoita
oity


ieotion


hin,


south of


the


1i4'


I I


iae e


Spaniard


Both


w dp







6pso Ktlnosz
Jasnrtln Bl
JaolconV leo


nors


'a
S-4
U'.4
*^p
4
i


moat


rem


dentil


al-a.


k8om


tbe


bad


d'fits!,.


and one


ore.


sored M S


half


suffio


late


Srightstille


nany


year,


dry1
d the:

. tril
until


on.e


t held


the-


ohurob

thi at


aft tr


first
in b


Npgro


Onor


portion


fvernida


tbodlst


of Wight,


oh6io


wM


holding


Notion


bad


named


for


begin


The ot


what


Greek.

thoe
tine.


with

on t
to t


To


her major


Fdiaon Avenue,
business corner


holding.

o egroSe


'the
rtle


his


exception

Avenue a


day


knoen


now


the


eoldin


west


'I


live


s of

Uyrti


on Noreet


Wriht

Sand


Street w


on little


but


reek .


dense


The


-'hole


settle


seot


waa


north


aouth of Hocoy'i
ere Includd .in



* territory,

maet bordering

ion, holweve,


MIaiightsville.'


i-n'i


populated area


ration


resinenoes


the
as


1in


tonm ,


a-a


although


of

the


Ihe hold

out kirts


, a dittri
. i


is found


OmeO
i arci


iman


Sin
tie


this

otty,


area


were


oonertd4 into


property


poesibly


the


inaity white


four


bloo


entirely


Jafk


l1e.


I


uildigt xxp


?eOo


ing


er(10)






WeRO


Jak onvUll,


olty'


ooouplod


the


rte


knmt1A


they


A tew


were


better


Soa.


in d

aott

of

t'10


a rvttron a


nwy,


mattrona


floae


few Rinutfem


a oon


L howvorsa
bory a few

uoed hin L


tho

odrn


pilot r

wlia


Iarwtlion


R aorIXW


blookn


nbora.


W.an


away;


The


wadily


start


smoking
tonslng


oig~retto


Ilnitot
li ttle
d that


o


a oig&ntt


tho

uigh


m trial

btildiln,


anf


li hted

t a pile


spr
and


level


oa
in &
a


Ilrgo


portion


The


aaokonv ille


[onroe


gtroot


a pile
square


kiyn1


berm.


question as a->


moot


totally


don


oyed,


and


eesultin


rooona tr tion


enmtie.o
and often


-wre rep
impoain


a narprlis l


group


weall


oonetruotMe


ntruoturtO.


-Int


these


homeo


movod


what


wa's


beoono


the


Jowish


artitoornoy


per sono


of thi
Jerwish


oity


for


extnotion


nearly


who


two


had


ivred


tlwd
yrer.
. tTM A


hoe


Ultriot


appeared in

eighbors.


finer

Other


hOasen.


swish


with

people


thoir

moved


friends eadrelatTve


and


insi


for


a few year


. of


finest


e in


oity


aere


found


them


bLook..


mwIn


and Jeffe


thik


en


Street m


Je.


f. a Jwle*


h0 9


ftans ,


doaen





V


1








Negro tlmaog
ar tia Rioh
Jaokonvtllel


dlioa
nori


a hOis


that


stil


a1s8


despite


the


nied


several


ooat


paint


type of
pl~ a
pireccy


that


wreO


arohet urd

plant wpr


aedd
found


loroly


usally


only


t:lo


larg9,asy


goath. Trees
others wore


planted.


Bsyo n


son


Street


on the


wrest


and


Dval


on the


I


ed and o.;ouplsd
tion aurroundedd


north,

by h
the


hoIw er


moro


Mad


Uonroe


ide6t


an irreslatibl


8troet


a dintriot


were
" lL


eLO.


being


popular


bTho


any


have


n divided and


nub-d v dod


into


aparments


and


waLerO


d elli


plAoes


for


sremrl


fautliln,


where ono


they


loimurely


housed


vanlahod into


a eeoond


one


pOre


handed

emot:


or .thrye
oBGorur-


tire


uoratlw,


individual
seotlon0s


but


Buainena


1aVinR one


house
grocery


eatabls 1


lle1al


hare
store,


t and


bialnena


entire


unity


tnetr


vioinity.


center


Other


oitues


Tho


gast berin


fferantly now


tin.
1..*


the


urely an


and


oobwebs and


thon.


oityteo@, 1
outt n.d


0. (e)


'y.


anltivatt andl bniat ff1


Street


uot-


other


store,


a tailoring


hiLghy


.I
^;~-4


C




oday


agr(. *


*ynaeog u


but








mearl


13.


bitrle
nor ts


lfxo tba
John A
butter~


WVL.fEHK


Jnaokonvl3le


n8..


Lmaphart(deo


mooej
1i50 Mk
nilo.


egroi
norief
Floor idt


BAlue
Ave


Book.

*8 JtoksuOu


John rddy,
Intentyl.


* J;P. 8too
Bowr Pub
*. Ertin Ri
. Oonoeasn
Ednh' k
Street; &
.k M Em


Barjorie


3800


kbrid g
iliAhin


ohardaon,


lCD
wy
ly,


inter
744

North


Jones,


L. King, V. r
Jaokaonvlle,o

4Aloo niag


410


unal a
Flon'


Sr.,


it street,

n Perry *F
ay, WiT. 1
0 Maonorlet


stree


381


n, ariag


1
9


ortld in
326.
AvTnue,


iewe with residanta
I Ohuoh streenl P.
, 408 vi 8gtrett.


:ing


Broad


eate


real ent)


the


Jacokaonville,


Bd.


notion, il.a
sonto, 71n8 .
woonville, IrJo


t, jsaokeonvtlle,


406


Bmoat


m9


oril


roils


street.


*t .


aJok


Martin R
Ooeplee.


?1oZ


8.
9.

*10,
10.


bur


*. eonds,


:C


i'l


Unit)


im4,


'oh


Soad,




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs