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Group Title: Chronology of the most important events connected with Florida history during four hundred and fifteen years, 1513 to 1928; : with lists of the reigning monarchs and popes in Europe influencing Florida affairs for the first three hundred years of her conquest and settlement, etc. ...
Title: Chronology of the most important events connected with Florida history during four hundred and fifteen years, 1513 to 1928
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 Material Information
Title: Chronology of the most important events connected with Florida history during four hundred and fifteen years, 1513 to 1928 with lists of the reigning monarchs and popes in Europe influencing Florida affairs for the first three hundred years of her conquest and settlement, etc. ..
Physical Description: 38 p., 1 . : illus. (port.) ; 20cm.
Language: English
Creator: Ranson, Robert
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: St. Augustine Fla
Publication Date: 1928
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Subject: History -- Chronology -- Florida   ( lcsh )
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Statement of Responsibility: By Robert Ranson.
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Bibliographic ID: UF00055639
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000123490
oclc - 01538292
notis - AAN9437
lccn - 28029151

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Page 1
    Frontispiece
        Page 2
    Main
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
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        Page 21
        Page 22
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Full Text



Chronology of the'Most Important
Events Connected with Florida
History During Four Hundred
and Fifteen Years


1513 to 1928



WITH LISTS OF THE REIGNING
MONARCHS AND POPES IN EUROPE
INFLUENCING FLORIDA AFFAIRS FOR
THE FIRST THREE HUNDRED YEARS
OF HER CONQUEST AND SETTLE-
MENT, ETC.



PRICE, 25 CENTS


ROBERT RANSON
Member Florida Historical Society
Life Member St. Augustine Historical Society
ST. AUGUSTmIE, FLOIDA


Copyright, 198, Robert Reason, St. Ausutine, Florlda



























O-a3( %w % f n" -0






EVENT


1492 August 3rd, First Voyage of Christopher Columbus,
lands at San Salvador, Bahamas; discovers Isa-
bella (Cuba) and Hispaniola (San Domingo).
1493 March 15th, returns to Spain. Leaves again on his
second voyage September 25th. Juan Ponce de
Leon accompanies him.
1494 Bull of Pope Alexander VI giving Spain lands in
the Western Hemisphere.
1495 Ponce de Leon in Cuba and Hispaniola with
Columbus.
1496 Ponce de Leon returns to Spain.
1497 Sebastian and John Cabot, under Henry VII of
England, sail and probably map, the entire At-
lantic coast from Labrador to Mexico. First
voyage of Americus Vespucius along the same
route. Vasca da Gama reaches India, via Cape
of Good Hope.
1498 Third voyage of Christopher Columbus.
1499 Pinson's voyage. Ponce de Leon in military service
in Spain.
1500 Voyage of Gaspar Cortreal (Portugese) along the
Florida coasts. Lepe, Cabral, Bastidas las Cosas,
West Indies.
1501 Vespucius' third voyage. West Indies and prob-
ably Florida. Gasper Cortreal lost at sea; his
records never found.
1502 Ponce de Leon sails with Ovando for Hispaniola
(Hayti). Date of the Alberto Cantino Map.
First map of Florida.
1503 Vespucius' fourth voyage to the Western Hemis-
phere.
1504 Ponce de Leon appointed Adelantado of Hiquey
the eastern Province of Hayti.
1505 Complete conquest of San Domingo and death of
Cotubanama, great chief of Hiquey.
1506 Ponce de Leon's wise rule of Hiquey brings order
and wealth. Death of Christopher Columbus.
1507, Ponce de Leon grants great freedom to the natives.
[3]


Date






1508 Ponce de Leon explores Boriquen (Porto Rico).
Date of the second known map of Florida by
Waldseemuller.
1509 Ponce de Leon appointed Governor of Porto Rico
by Ferdinand, king of Spain.
1510 Ponce de Leon wars with Agueybana, chief of
Porto Rico.
1511 Supreme Council of the Indies established in Spain
by Ferdinand. Ponce de Leon builds his castle
at Capara, Porto Rico.
1512 Ponce de Leon receives his commission to conquer
Bimini and adjoining lands from the court at
Burgos, Spain.
1513 Ponce de Leon embarks for Bimini March 3rd, in
search of The Fountain of Youth, discovers land
March 27th, on Easter Sunday (Pascua Flor-
ida), christens it Florida, the Land of Flowers;
landing a little north of St. Augustine April 2nd.
Shortly returns to Porto Rico, after discovery and
charting of islands and parts of the coast.
1514 Ponce de Leon proceeds on expedition to conquer
the cannibals in southern islands, hoping to cap-
ture them for slaves but fails. Later proceeds to
Spain and is received with high honors by
Ferdinand.
1515 Second attempt to conquer the cannibals, disastrous
voyage.
1516 Death of King Ferdinand and Cardinal Ximenes,
Juan Ponce resumes life in Porto Rico, founding
the city of San Juan.
1517 Hernandez de Cordova voyaging to Mexico, touches
the Florida coasts.
1518 Grijalva's first slave raid to Florida and the Baha-
mas.
Luke Velasquez voyages from Cuba to St. Helena,
now South Carolina.
1519 Alvarez Pineda cruises up the Florida Gulf Coast
and discovers the Mississippi River, naming it
Rio de Santo Espiritu.
Cortes conquers Mexico.






1520 Grijalva's second slaving expedition to Florida.
Repulsed.
1521 Ponce de Leon's second voyage to Florida. Wound-
ed by an Indian arrow, is carried to Cuba; dies
there and buried in his castle in Porto Rico.
1522 Date of Magellan's first circumnavigation of the
Globe.
1523 Voyage of Juan Verazzano to the Western Contin-
ent, claims to have visited Florida. Discovers
the Hudson River.
1524 Congress at Badajos to settle boundaries of western
possessions between Spain and Portugal.
D'Allyon's voyage to Florida coasts.
Probable date of voyage of Diego Miruello from
San Domingo to Florida, exploration of the Gulf
of Mexico.
1525 D'Allyon's vessels wrecked on their return on Flor-
ida coasts.
1526 The few saved from drowning enslaved by Indians.
1527 Pamphilo de Navaez succeeds to D'Allyon's com-
mission.
1528 Pamphilo's expedition embarks for Florida, land-
ing near Tampa.
1529 Pamphilo's expedition wrecked and its leader
drowned.
1530 Alvar Nunez Cabezza da Vaca, treasurer of Pam-
1531 philo's expedition wanders across the American
1532 Continent for seven years and was the first
European to cross it from the Mexican Gulf to
the Gulf of California.
1534 Alvar Nunez returns, first to Mexico, thence to
Cuba.
1535 Alvar Nunez returns to Spain.
1536 Nunez publishes an account of his travels.
1537 Fernando De Spto, having acquired great wealth in
Peru, returns to Spain and is appointed Adel-
antado of Cuba.
1538 Alvar Nunez's books in French and Spanish excite
all Europe.






1538 De Soto makes elaborate preparations to conquer
Florida.
1539 May 25th, De Soto embarks with an imposing force
from Cuba, lands at Tampa Bay and winters at
Apalache in northern Florida.
1540 De Soto travels on north to the headwaters of the
Savannah River and thence west.
1541 De Soto arrives at the Mississippi River.
1542 De Soto's death and burial at night in the Missis-
sippi.
1543 Remnant of De Soto's force arrives at Tampico.
Loss of 700 men. Death of Bobadilla, De Soto's
wife, of grief.
1544 First publication of De Soto's expedition.
1545 Important map of the Florida coast appears for the
first time, probably made from the notes of
Sebastian Cabot, forty-eight years previously.
1546 First mission established on a large scale in Flor-
ida by Luis de Barbastro.
1547 Dominican friars endeavor to christianize Florida
natives.
1548 Assassination of the Friars.
1549 Dominican missions and entire settlement de-
stroyed.
1550 Sebastian Munster's map of the Atlantic Coast and
Florida.
1551 Reformation doctrines spread through Europe,
embodied in forty-two Articles.
1552 First proposal to establish Lutheran colonies on the
Atlantic coast of North America, favored by the
Court of France.
1553 Mary ascends the throne of England.
1554 Marries King Philip of Spain.
1555 First Huguenot expedition to the New World, settle-
ment in Brazil near present site of Rio de
Janeiro.
1556 Elaborate expedition planned in Spain to colonize
and christianize Florida. Don Tristan de Luna
chosen to command.






1557 Second Huguenot expedition to Brazil; complete
failure.
1558 Exploration of the Gulf coasts preparing for de
Luna's expedition. Great preparations made to
insure its success.
1559 De Luna's departure from Mexico to Florida and
landing near what is now Pensacola. Hurricane
destroys his fleet.
1560 De Luna's party wandering round Apalache, suf-
fering great loss and hardship.
Tobacco introduced into Spain and Portugal from
America.
1561 Remnants of De Luna's force return to Mexico.
Complete failure of the whole expedition.
1562 Ribault's first voyage to colonize Florida. Discovers
the River May (St. Johns), tablishing colony
of thirty men near Port Royal and returns to
France.
1563 This colony, dissatisfied, builds ship and leaves for
France; small remnant only arrive home.
1564 June 22nd, Rene Laudoniere arrives on the Florida
Coast at the River May (St. Johns), builds Fort
Carolina and explores the country generally.
1565 August 29th, marks the arrival for the second time
of Jean Ribault, followed on September 4th by
Pedro Menendes de Aviles.
September 8th, St. Augustine established with great
pomp and ceremony and temporary fortifica-
tions built.
September 16th, Ribault's fleet destroyed by trop-
ical storm.
September 18th and 19th, Menendes marches with
500 men to Ft. Caroline, capturing it September
20th with great slaughter.
September 25th, captures first band of shipwrecked
Huguenots at Matanas and destroys them, re-
peating the operation four days later. Returns to
Ft. Caroline and rebuilds it, leaving later for
Cuba.
1566 Menendes returns to Spain*and receives royal wel-
come.






1566 Small colony, including fourteen women, sent from
Spain to St. Augustine.
1567 Dominique de Gourges plans revenge for Huguenot
massacre and leaves France for that purpose.
1568 De Gourges arrives at the St. Mary's River and
proceeds south to the St. Johns and destroys Ft.
Mateo and garrison, avenging his countrymen,
returns to France.
1569 Menendez returns from Spain, rebuilds Mateo, de-
stroys St. Elena, then returns to Spain.
1570 Mutinies in the Spanish forts in Florida.
1571 Threats of the Huguenots in France to reconquer
Florida.
1572 Serious charges brought against Menendez in Spain
by the Council of the Indies, for the second time.
1573 His nephew, Pedro, temporally in charge of Flor-
ida, charts the coast and having much trouble
with the Indians.
1574 Death of Menendez September 17th. Aged 55 at
the height of his fame at Santander. Elaborate
burial in Avilles, Spain.
1575 Hernando de Miranda appointed governor of Flor-
ida to succeed Menendez.
1576 Pedro Menendez, nephew of the great Adelantado,
killed by Indian arrow, aged 28.
1577 St. Helena, which had been reestablished, again dis-
mantled and inhabitants sent to St. Augustine.
1578 St. Augustine and Florida's importance stressed at
the Court of Spain and appropriations made for
same.
1579 Henry, the Cardinal of Spain, assumes the throne
of Portugal.
1580 Spain takes the rule of Portugal.
1581 Revision of the Julian Calendar ordered by Pope
Gregory XII.
1582 The adoption of the Georgian Calendar in Spain,
Portugal and France, later all over Europe, the
reckoning of time changed from Old Style to
New Style.






1583 Armament of St. Augustine's fortifications largely
improved.
1584 Marked influx of missionaries to Florida from
Spain.
1585 Sir Francis Drake leaves England for a punitive
expedition on Spanish possessions in the West
Indies
1586 Drake destroys St. Augustine and loots its treasury.
1587 St. Augustine rebuilt and much improved, with
funds from Spain.
1588 The destruction of the Spanish Armada on the
English coasts. Spain's naval power completely
crippled. Spanish colonies suffer accordingly.
1589 Unmolested by outside troubles, Florida and St.
Augustine enjoy peace and prosperity for a few
years.
1590 Urban VII ascends to the papacy and aids Florida.
1591 Maps made by Le Moyne, 26 years previously, of
Florida, first published, excite great European
interest again in Florida.
1592 Franciscan mission founded in Florida, also a con-
vent named St. Helena at St. Augustine.
1593 Death of Dominique de Gourgues, the avenger of
the Huguenots.
1594 Twenty missions reported flourishing in Florida
this year.
1595 Hernando de Mestas plans to build the Forts at
St. Augustine of stone, voyages to Spain for that
object and obtains royal authority to do so.
1596 Commencement of the building of the Governor's
residence in St. Augustine (now post offie).
1597 Destruction of Spanish mission near St. Augustine.
Murder of priests and brothers.
1598 Troublous times with recalcitrant Indians.
1599 Burning of the Convent at St. Augustine.
1600 Plans made under Elizabeth of England to acquire
Florida and the West Indies from Spain.
1601 Elizabeth obtains reports on Florida.
[9]






1602 Juan Altimurano, Bishop of Cuba, voyages to St.
Augustine to look into the spiritual welfare of
this part of his diocese.
1603 Governor's house at St. Augustine finished by
Gonsalo Mendez de Canso.
1604 Important new maps of Florida appear this year
by Mateo Peccioli and Albara Mexio.
1605 Leo XI becomes Pope.
1606 Charter from James I of England to establish colony
in Virginia, formerly claimed by Spain.
1607 Settlement by the English at Jamestown, May 2nd.
1608 Second colony arrives.
1608 Death of Henry IV of France.
1610 Philip Ifl of Spain charters religious institutions in
Florida.
1612 Eleven convents reported flourishing and active in
Florida.
1613 First accounts of experimental tobacco growing in
Florida.
1614 Legal marriage of John Rolfe with Pochahontas,
Indian princess.
1615 Probable date of building Mission near St. Marys.
Walls still standing.
1616 Best map of Florida issued up to date, unnamed.
1617 James I of England endeavors to make alliance with
1618 Spain but failing, war is declared and Florida
suffers.
1619 English settlers commence the importation of
African slaves following Spain in Florida.
1620 Pilgrim fathers land at Plymouth Rock.
1621 Five hundred Franciscan missions said to be operat-
ing in Spanish America at this time. Philip IV
ascends the Throne of Spain.
1622
1623 Urban VIII succeeds to the Papacy.
1624
1625 Charles I ascends the English throne.
1626 John Speed's excellent map of North America
showing Florida.
1627
[10]






1628
1629
1630 Sir Robert Dudley Duke of Northumberland sur-
veys and charts the coasts of Florida the second
time.
1631
1632 Gerard Mercator's first map and chart of the Vir-
ginia and Florida coasts.
1633 Mercator's second map.
1634
1635
1636
1637 Expedition planned by Spain to conquer the Indian
tribes of West Florida successful.
1638 Building of stone fort and other improvements com-
menced with forced Indian labor of prisoners.
1639 Large quarries opened on Anastasia Island to
supply rock for fortification and Seawall.
1640 Spanish rule in Portugal.
1641 Great progress reported in fortification work by
Indians.
1642 Sir Robert Dudley surveys and charts the Florida
coast from Cape Canaveral northward.
1643 Louis XIV ascends the throne of France.
1644 Inocent X succeeds to the papacy.
1645 Probable date of building fort at MatanIas.
1646
1647 Population of St. Augustine reported as two thou-
sand.
1648 Franciscan monastery built at St. Augustine, fifty
inmates.
1649 Great activity in mission work and success reported
in christaniaing Indians
1650 First year of the Commonwealth in England under
Oliver Cromwell, exploration and conquest en-
couraged in all the West Indies. Florida alarmed.
1651 Franciscan fathers petition for amelioration of
forced Indian labor on public works and their
burdens are lightened.


[U]







1653 Great increase in English and Scotch colonization
of Maryland, Virginia and South Carolina.
1654 Border troubles between Spanish and English
colonies.
1655 Separate bishopric requested for Florida and fav-
orably recommended to Spain and Rome, but
postponed from time to time.
Alexander VII succeeds to the papacy.
1656 Sanson map showing Ribault's first settlement in
Florida, later called South Carolina.
1657 Funds received from Spain for missions.
1658
1659
1660 Charles I ascends the throne of England.
1661
1662 Religious persecution in Virginia causes establish-
ments of new and independent colonies. Quak-
ers and Baptists.
1663
1664 Pierre du Val's map of Florida.
1665 Centenary of the establishment of St. Augustine by
Menendes.
The English freebooter Davis destroys the city.
Charles I ascends the Spanish throne.
1666 New English settlement named St. Helena started
on Amelia or Talbot Island.
1667 French explorations and maps of Florida.
1668
1669
1670 Port Royal again settled by the British.
1671 Immigration of Hugenots encouraged by South
Carolina, large numbers arrive.
1672 Hendrik Ddncher's Dutch map of Florida appears.
1673
1674
1675 Expedition from Florida to destroy the British
settlement at St. Helena.
1676
1677 Revolt of colonists against British rule in Virginia.
[12]





1678 Name Colonies, changed to Royal Provinces.
1679
1680 Capture and execution by Spaniards of the christ-
ian chief, Nichosatty, for alleged aid to British.
1681 William Penn establishes colony in Pennsylvania.
1682 Great activity reported in building operations in
St. Augustine.
1683 New Seawall commenced to protect the city from
high tides.
1684 Carried to completion by voluntary contributions
of labor and money.
1685 Spanish raid on South Carolina defeated.
James II ascends the English throne.
1686 British succeed in conquering all Spanish territory
to the north of St. Augustine and driving Spani-
ards out.
1687 Juan d'Aila's expedition to Spain for men and
supplies.
1688 Great activities of the British in South Carolina.
1689 English plant a colony on the Ashley River later to
become Charleston.
Bienville commences French settlement at Biloxi
on supposedly Spanish territory.
1690 Don Diego Losada appointed Governor of Florida.
1691 First mention of successful rice culture in Florida.
1692 Agriculture prospers all along the Atlantic Coast.
1693 Don Andrae de la Paez sent as Governor from
Mexico to West Florida.
1694 Great activity noted in Pensacola and West Florida.
1695 Pensacola built up and fortified.
1696 D'Ariola founds Pensacola.
Jonathan Dickenson's shipwreck on the Florida
coast, which later being published excited great
interest.
1697 Perdido River in West Florida accepted as a bound-
ary between France and Spain.
1698 War being declared between France and Spain, re-
acts unfavorably on colonies in West Florida,
formerly helpful to each other.
[13]






1699
1700
1701 Mutterings of border wars between South Carolina
and Florida.
1702 Governor Moores' first expedition to conquer Flor-
ida from South Carolina. Aid arrives from Cuba.
1703 Failure of attack on St. Augustine. Moore disgraced
for cowardice.
1704 Governor Moore's second expedition to West Flor-
ida with Indian aid. Great destruction of Spanish
missions and property.
1705 Complete defeat and destruction of all Spanish
allied Indians.
1706 Combined French and Spanish fleet sail to destroy
South Carolina without results. Governor
Moores' last expedition a failure.
1707
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712 Great famine in St. Augustine.
1713
1714
1715 Wreck of Spanish treasure fleet on Carysfoot Reef,
Florida.
1716 English ships loot much of the recovered treasure
amounting to $700,000.00, carrying it to Jamaica.
1717 Carefully planned expedition by Spain on South
Carolina with aid of Indians, but repulsed by
prompt action of Governor Craven of South
Carolina.
1718 Don Antonio Malini appointed Governor of Flor-
ida. All Indians driven away from Spanish
settlements to their great loss.
First account of any settlement at St. Josephs Bay,
first by the French and later by the Spaniards.
1719 Flags changed four times this year at Pnnsacola,
from Spain to France and vice versa.
1720
[14]





1721
1722 Peace in Europe concluded between France and
Spain.
Pensacola and West Florida returned to Spain by
France.
1723 Noted English botanist and student of Nature, Mark
1724 Catesby, toured through Florida, compiling a
work on the products of Florida and the Baha-
mas.
1725 Col. Palmer's attack on Florida from South Caro-
lina.
1726 Palmer returns home with immense booty in cattle,
etc., looted from the Spaniards in Florida.
1727
1728
1729
1730 Publication of Catesby's monumental work in two
volumes of the Flora and Fauna of Florida in
French and English.
1731
1732 General Oglethorpe brings his first colony from
England to Georgia.
1733 Second shipment arrive safely.
1734 John and Charles Wesley, founders of Methodism,
arrive to aid Oglethorpe.
1735 Active colonization commenced with influx of
Moravians.
1736 Treaty with the great Creek Chief Tomoehichi.
1737
1738 Malaria decimates Oglethorpe's Georgia colony.
1739 England declares war on Spain. Oglethorpe in-
structed to harrass Spanish possession in Flor-
ida.
1740 Oglethorpe proceeds to Picolata, Florida, and be-
sieges St. Augustine.
1741 Indigo culture first mentioned in Florida.
1742 Spanish expedition from Havana and Florida
attack Oglethorpe in Georgia. Defeated at the
battle of Bloody Marsh Island near St. Simons.
1743 Oglethorpe's second expedition to Florida.
[15]






1744 Oglethorpe returns to England.
1745 Three years' peace and progress in Spanish Florida,
1746 in spite of a state of war existing between the
1747 Mother countries.
1748 Nine years of war between Spain and England
cease. '
1749 Rum and slavery interdicted by Oglethorpe in his
Georgia colony, re-introduced by the authorities
there.
1750 Great suffering from yellow fever epidemic in St.
Augustine.
1751
1752 Georgia's status changed from a colony to a Royal
Province.
1753
1754
1755 Fernando de Herreda appointed Governor of Flor-
ida, great building activity.
1756 Castle of San Marco in St. Augustine finished com-
pletely in this year after 161 years' work on same.
1757
1758 Clement XIII succeeds to the papacy and aids Flor-
ida missions.
1759
1760 George HI ascends the British throne, influencing
Florida's future in his long reign, more than any
other European monarch.
1761 War again breaks out between Spain and England.
1762 Havana and Manilla captured by England's navy
with immense booty totaling $28,000,000.00.
1763 Havana restored to Spain in exchange for Florida.
Peace.
1764 Great English immigration to Florida, mills and
1765 plantations started, great industry and activity.
1766 English oppression becomes insufferable to the
Northern American colonies.
1767 Dr. Andrew Turnbull receives grant of land and
brings large colonies of Greeks and Minorcans
to Florina.
1768 Mutinies and troubles break out on Turnbull's
plantations.
[16]






1769 The botanists, William and John Bartram, father
and son, travel through Florida and compile
valuable information for the Colonial govern-
ment, works still extant.
1770 Clement XIV becomes Pope. Very complete maps
and charts of Florida's East Coast published by
Thos. Jeffrys.
1771 Publications of maps and charts by Bernard Rom-
1772 ans, also much other information as to Florida of
those days.
1773 Date of the Boston Tea party, first overt act of
Colonies.
1774 Governor Patrick Tonyn succeeds Governor Moul-
trie as English governor of East Florida, bitterly
opposes Dr. Turnbull.
1775 William Bartram's second botanical visit to Florida.
1776 Year of Independence. Florida remains loyal to
England.
Declaration of Independence with eigies of John
Hancock and John Adams publicly burned in the
park at St. Augustine.
1777 Death of John Bartram, noted botanist.
Breaking up of the Turnbull, New Smyrna, Colony.
1778 Revolutionary rumblings of France have a marked
effect on Florida.
1779 Invasion of West Florida threatened by Spaniards
in Louisiana.
1780 Don Galves and Admiral Solana concentrate their
forces to attack Pensacola.
1781 Forts of Pensacola under CoL Campbell (British)
surrender to Spanish attack.
1782 English successes against Spain in the West Indies.
Bahama Islands conquered by the British.
1783 September 3rd, treaty of Peace signed in Paris, end-
ing the Revolutionary war.
Peace also made with Spain.
Florida exchanged for the Bahama Islands.
First newspaper printed in Florida in St. Augus-
tine by John and Charles Wells.
[17]






1784 Alexander McGillivray, noted Indian leader of the
Creeks, holds sway in West Florida.
1785 Makes treaty with Spain against interests of the
United States.
1786 September 11th, Convention called at Annapolis
to consider the adoption of a Constitution.
States met in Philadelphia, November, for this
purpose.
1787 May of this year saw a meeting of States and four
months later the Constitution was submitted for
adoption.
1788 William Augustus Bowles, military adventurer,
attacks Spanish interests in Florida.
1789 Bowles assumes control of the Muscogee Indians.
The Constitution being ratified, becomes the sup-
reme law of the United States.
George Washington elected first President.
1790 Treaty made between the United States and Creek
Indians in Florida in which the Indians agree to
return runaway slaves.
First ten Amendments added to the Constitution,'
known as the Bill of Rights, causing the last two
States to completely ratify the Constitution.
First United States Census taken this year showed
a total population of nearly four million.
1791 Bowles captured, sent to Spain and later to the
Philippines where he was imprisoned for six
years.
1792 Indians and negroes enlisted by border ruffians to
incite troubles with Spanish Florida.
1793 Death and burial with high Masonic honors of Mec
Gillivray in Pensacola.
1794 William Genet, ambassador from French Republic,
causes great trouble in organizing expeditions
against England and plans a raid on Florida.
Shortly recalled to France.
1795 Treaty between the United States and Spain as to
Florida's western boundary.
1796 Boundaries finally agreed on by Commissioners
of both countries.
[18]






1797 Bowles escapes frosp Spain, proceeds to England,
there aided to harrass the United States in West
Florida.
1798 Second Boundary Commission, after delay of two
years, reports their work completed as between
Spain and U. S. A.
1799 December 14th, death of George Washington.
1800 Spain, by secret treaty, cedes Louisiana to France.
Part of Florida seems to be included.
Monuments later erected, satisfactory to both
parties.
IOP1 Bowles captured the second time, sent to Cuba.
1802 Bowles died in Moro Castle, Havana.
1803 The purchase from France of Louisiana for $15,-
000,000.00, giving the United States control of
the Continent.
Boundaries between this territory and Florida again
questioned.
1804 Napoleon Bonaparte proclaimed Emperor of
France.
1805 Napoleon's career in Europe watched with great
1806 anxiety by Spain in Florida, the last territory
1807 owned by a European power in the southern part
of the North American Continent.
1808 Fernandina declared a free port became a rendez-
vous for much questionable trade.
Law passed by United State, making the importa-
tion of African slaves, piracy.
1809 Napoleon, having conquered Spain in Europe,
claims all her colonies, Florida included. This
was stoutly resisted by the United States and later
in 1823 became elaborated in the Monroe Doc-
trine.
1810 Republic of West Florida organized September
10th, at Pensacola, to control disputed territory.
Dissolved after an existence of 58 days by orders
from Washington, without trouble.
1811 War imminent between United States and England.
Republic of East Florida.
[19]






1812 June 18th, war declared on England by the United
States.
1813 All American influences withdrawn from Florida
by order of President Madison, with apologies.to
Spain and pardon to former disturbers of the
peace.
1814 Fierce engagement off Cape Canaveral, Florida,
between British and American war vessels.
British troops occupy Pensacola, speedily driven
out by Andrew Jackson.
Articles of Peace signed in Ghent, Belgium, be-
tween England and United States, December
24th.
1815 Battle of New Orleans, fought fifteen days after
peace treaty was signed in Europe.
1816 Negro fort on Apalachicola River-destroyed by
United States troops.
Trading posts established at Palatka and Jackson-
ville.
1817 McGreggors' invasion of Florida, on Amelia Island.
United States interferes and drives him out, by
orders of President Monroe.
1818 Spain's occupancy of Florida becomes daily more
untenable and final transfer to the United States
inevitable.
Great speculation in West Florida's lands.
1819 Treaty drawn up in Washington for Florida's trans-
fer to United States.
1820 October 24th, Treaty of Transfer duly approved
and signed.
1821 Transfer of West Florida accepted by Andrew Jack-
son.
Flags changed at Pensacola from Sapin to United
States of America July 7th.
July 10th, transfer of East Florida at St. Augustine,
to Gen. Wm. Butler.
July 21st, St. Johns and Escambia created Counties,
and municipal Government established in St. Au-
gustine and Pensacola.
[20]






1822 Civil government displaces .military in Florida.
Wm. P. Duval appointed Governor.
John James Audubon, noted naturalist, visits and
writes of Florida.
1823 Second Legislative Council held in May, in St. Au-
gustine and decision made that a central point
of meeting be chosen for future Legislation.
First treaty made, September 18th, with Florida
Indians at Moultrie Creek, signed by 32 leading
chiefs,
First mention of orange groves.
1824 Dr. Simmons and John Lee Williams select Noe-
mathla's village at Tallahassee for future State
Capital.
Leon County created.
1825 Appropriation of $23,000.00 by the Legislative
Council to build road from Pensacola to St. Au-
gustine.
Mosquito County created.
Congress voted $200,000.00 to Lafayette and 23,000
acres near Tallahassee, Florida. Later settled
by emigrants from France.
Achile Murat, son of the King of Naples, emigrates
to Florida, first living in St. Augustine, and later
in Tallahassee where he died in 1847.
1826 Congress grants to Florida the elective franchise for
their representatives in Congress and State Legis-
lature.
1827 Jefferson County set off from Leon.
Section number sixteen in each Township reserved
by Congress for educational purposes, later this
splendid provision was nullified in 1848.
1828 Judicial District formed for the whole of South
Florida Court to sit at Key West.
First bank organized in Florida, at Tallahassee.
1829 Privilege extended to elect all officers for Florida
except the Governor, he being appointed by the
President.
1830 Founding of St. Joseph.
[21]






1830 Commencement of era of wildcat banking and boom
towns in Florida.
1831 Legislative Council encourages plans for roads and
canals to aid internal transportation.
Bank of St. Augustine chartered.
1832 Treaty with the Indians at Payne's Landing on the
Ocklawaha.
Jacksonville's first Charter of Incorporation.
1833 Encouragement to establish banks and newspapers
in the Territory.
1834 End of Governor Duval's successful administration
of affairs of twelve years. Succeeded by Gover-
nor John H. Eaton.
1835 Beginning of Indian War. Dade massacre Decem-
ber 25th. Osceola becomes a prominent leader
in Indian affairs.
Bank & Trust Co. chartered at St. Augustine, $2-
000,000 capital.
1836 First steam railroad in Florida, third in the United
States.
1837 Osceola's capture and imprisonment.
Year of much financial distress and bank failures
all over the United States.
1838 Osceola's death at Ft. Moultrie near Charleston,
S. C.
First Constitutional Convention held at St. Joseph.
1839 Convention adjourned having given Florida its
first Constitution.
1840 Murder of Dr. Henry Perrine at Indian Key and
destruction of Lighthouse at Cape Florida by so-
called Spanish Indians.
Company of play actors murdered by Indians near
Picolata.
1841 Closing scenes of the Indian War. Couacouchee
captured and deported.
Yellow fever wipes out the town of St. Joseph.
1842 General Worth's final subjugation of Florida
Indians.
[22]






1842 Passage on August 4th of the Armed Occupation
Act, giving lands in Florida.
Act of repudiation of State bonds passed by the
Legislative Council.
1843 New Era of settlement in South Florida by impetus
of the Armed Occupation Act on both east and
west coast.
1844 Preparation to enter Statehood.
1845 March 30th, Florida and Iowa become States by
the same Act.
1846 First Courthouse erected in Jacksonville.
1847 War with Mexico, Florida largely drawn on for
troops.
First City map of Jacksonville.
Lighthouse built at Cape Canaveral
1848 Treaty with Mexico and discovery of gold in Cali-
fornia.
1849 Breaking up of the Indian River colony near Ft.
Pierce by the murder by Indians of Trader
Barker at Barker's Bluff.
1850 Renewed Indian scares.
Plantations largely increased with slave labor.
Swamp Land Act passed by Congress. Cause of
much later fraud in Florida lands.
1851 New banks started in Florida and general return-
ing prosperity.
1852 Fears of Indian outbreaks found to be exaggerated,
much legislation on the subject.
1853 Homestead law first discussed in Congress.
1854 Great activity in internal improvements.
Railroads planned from St. Augustine to Pensacola,
aided by land grants.
1855 January 18th, oranisation of the Board of Trustees
of Internal Improvements at Tallahassee. Gov.
James E. Broome, chairman.
1856 Lands granted to the Florida Railroad Co., and con-
struction begin on first through State railroad.
1857 Yellow fever rages in St. Marys and Jacksonville
with great mortality.
1858 Commencement of great production in cotton in
Florida.
[23]






1859 First and only appearance in Florida of the Aurora
Borealis. Inhabitants greatly overawed by its
solemn beauty.
John Brown's Raid on Harpers' Ferry, January
9th, impressed the whole South with the certainty
of coming civil war.
1860 A year of painful and bitter differences between
leaders and people.
November 20th South Carolina secedes from the
Union.
1861 January 10th, Florida secedes, and on February
17th, joins the Confederacy at the Montgomery
Convention.
April 12th first shot fired on Ft. Sumter, Charles-
ton, S. C. Civil War commenced.
1862 During February and March all principal towns in
Florida in occupation by Federal troops and its
whole coast blockaded.
1863 Large numbers of Florida negroes enlisted in the
Northern Army and various expeditions sent
against the fortifications along the St. Johns
River.
1864 February 20th, at Olustee, Florida, was fought the
one great battle on Florida soil; more than 9,000
men engaged. Federal badly defeated.
1865 Death on April 1st of Governor Milton.
Lee's surrender at Appomattox to Grant, April 9th.
Abraham Lincoln assassinated April 14th.
Final surrender of Confederate troops May 26th by
Gen. E. Kirby Smith in Texas.
President Jefferson Davis captured and imprisoned
and his cabinet scattered, some finally reaching
Cuba via the Indian River and the Keys.
1866 Reconstruction begins under Federal supervision.
Establishment of the Freedman's Bureau.
1867 State divided into five military Districts under
military governors with absolute authority.
Act vetoed by Andrew Johnson but passed over his
veto March 2nd.
[24]





1868 Carpetbaggers in full power and fraudulent elec-
tions the order of the day. Negro rule.
1869 Civil government re-established in Florida, July
4th.
1870 Florida affairs much improved by President Grant.
1871 Death in New York of Buckingham Smith, a worthy
resident of St. Augustine, and valuable student
and collector of Florida's past History, leaving
his estate for indigent negroes.
1872 Great improvements in the South and in Florida's
affairs due to the wise Administration of Gen-
eral Grant as President.
1873 End of Harrison Reed's term as Governor, election
of Ossian B. Hart (Republican).
1874 Failure of the Freedman's Bank in Jacksonville,
causes much distress among the negroes.
1875 Final settlement with England of the Alabama
claims.
1876 Presidential election claimed by Democrats and
Republicans on disputed returns from Florida
and Louisiana. Hayes elected.
1877 Disastrous Yellow fever epidemic in St. Augustine.
Federal supervision of Florida affairs ends and re-
construction times closed under President Hayes.
1878 Severe West India hurricane visits the East Coast
of Florida, heavy floods.
1879 First telephones installed in Jacksonville.
1880 Uniform text books adopted in the Public Schools.
1881 Great improvement in school buildings under
1882 Superintendent of Education, Judge E. K.
Foster. State's educational facilities improved in
1883 many ways. Establishment of Institute for Deaf
Mutes in St. Augustine, and Academy established
in DeLand by H. A. DeLand.
1884 First appearance of statistics of agricultural pro-
duction in Florida, as to Citrus, etc., etc.
1885 Great era of railroad building in Florida, and
marked increase in population.
1886 January 12th, great damage to oranges and groves
by severe frost.
[25]





1886 August 31st, the whole State shaken by the Char-
leston earthquake, but with slight damage.
1887 Indian River Steamboat Co. makes the inland
waterways of the whole east coast accessible.
Building of palatial hotels in St. Augustine by
Henry M. Flagler, and in Tampa and elsewhere
by H. B. Plant.
1888 Yellow fever epidemic in several places causes a
panic in Florida.
1889 Special session of the Legislature called by Gover-
nor Fleming and State Board of Health organized
with splendid effect, on contagious and infectious
diseases.
1890 First exhibition of professional bicycle racing at
Pablo Beach.
1891 Sub-Tropical Exhibition opened in Jacksonville,
doing much to advertise Florida's products.
1892 Flagler railroad reaches Titusville and proceeds
down the East Coast.
1893 World's Fair opened at Chicago. Florida excel-
lently represented.
Severe tropical hurricane, August 27th.
1894 Flagler railroad reaches Palm Beach, opening up
new territory to the traveling public.
1895 Severe frost, in February, destroys practically the
entire citrus production of Florida for some years
to come.
1896 Florida East Coast railroad reaches Miami June
26th.
1897 Activity in railroad building on the West Coast of
Florida.
1898 Spanish-American war gives Florida great impetus.
1899 Yellow fever epidemic in Miami, excellently con-
trolled with no loss of life, due to activity by the
State Board of Health.
Fire destroys Miami.
1900 Last Democratic Convention held in Florida for
nomination of State officers.
William Sherman Jennings nominated for Gover-
nor.
[26]





1901 May 3rd, 466 acres in Jacksonville laid waste by
disastrous fire, with some loss of life and untold
value in records, etc.
1902 First strike of mechanics for the eight-hour day.
1903 Heavy rains flood Jacksonville badly.
First Automobile Association formed in the State.
1904 Rebuilding of the Mayport jetties improves naviga-
tion of the St. Johns River to Jacksonville and
large ships enter safely.
1905 First cut to the ocean for Miami Harbor.
Florida East Coast Railroad commences extension
to Key West. Overseas railroad.
1906 Joe Landers, of Atlanta, breaks the world's record
by driving an automobile at Pablo Beach five
miles in five minutes.
1907 Everglades drainage commences under supervision
of Governor Broward.
Buckman Bill passed consolidating educational
institutions.
Great money panic this year. Florida suffers little
therefrom.
1908 Year of general prosperity, new industries and
three-million-box orange crop.
1909 Horse racing and track gambling started in Jack-
sonville, with disastrous results socially, etc.
1910 Hurricane damage the Key West railroad for the
second time.
Incipient negro riot in Jacksonville.
1911 Horse racing prohibited by law.
Four world's records broken by automobiles at At-
lantic Beach, 77 miles per hour.
1912 Woodrow Wilson, candidate for Presidency, speaks
to large audience in Jacksonville, Fla.
Florida East Coast Railroad runs first train into
Key West.
1913 Banner orange crop, eight million boxes.
1914 Germany declares war on France, and England on
Germany, causing great uncertainty and depres-
[27]






1915 sion in Florida business circles, especially in
naval stores, timber and phosphate; shipping at
a standstill.
1916 Woodrow Wilson runs the second time for the
Presidency on a "keep us out of the war" plat-
form.
1917 United States enters the World War April 6th.
Shipyards and camps greatly increase Florida's
activities.
1918 Florida largely oversubscribed her quota for war
bonds and Red Cross contributions.
Price fixing hurts Florida farmers many crops not
paying sufficient to harvest.
November 11th, Armistice declared which closes
hostilities.
1919 Strike in the phosphate mines hurts Florida trade.
General demobilization of all troops and return of
soldier citizens.
1920 Notable activity in all lines of production follow-
ing the war, prices of naval stores, timber, etc.,
soar.
1921 Overproduction brings on financial difficulties with
great shrinkage of business.
1922 Orange crop largest ever known, 16,000,000 boxes,
with fair prices.
1923 Floods followed by fires in the Everglades shake
confidence in this reclamation project.
1924 Renewed activities and increase in land values.
Great road building program laid out and work
commenced, giving Florida unexcelled com-
munication as never before dreamed possible.
1925 Height of the Florida land boom.
1926 Slackening up of real estate speculation.
September 18th marks date of destructive storm
one lower east coast. Miami greatly damaged
but speedily rebuilt. Great loss of life at Moore
Haven on the southwest shore of Lake Okeecho-
bee.


[28]






1927 In spite of financial depression due to inordinate
land speculation, remarkable progress in educa-
tional lines, road building and public health
control and farm activities.
1928 Excellent prospects for large orange crop some-
what marred by storm August 10th doing damage
to groves and again on September 16th, causing
loss of life by drowning in the Everglades and
great damage to buildings in the Palm Beaches
but so actively restored as to seem almost incredi-
ble, practically obliterating signs of damage in
thirty days thereafter. Outside aid and deter-
mination of sufferers to rebuild already resulting
in a recovery that bids fair to make these beauty
spots more attractive than ever.




















NoTE.-The writer will appreciate any suggestion and
correction from correspondents.


[29]






A COMPARATIVE CHRONOLOGY OF THE REIGNING
KINGS, POPES IN EUROPE FROM 1492-FROM
THE BEGINNING TO THE END OF THE
TIME OF FLORIDA'S HISTORY.
SPAIN


1479 Ferdinand the
Catholic.
1516 Charles I.
1556 Philip II
1598 Philip mI.
1621 Philip IV.
1665 Charles II.


1700 Philip V.
1746 Ferdinand VI.
1759 Charles HI.


1788
1808
1808


Charles IV.
Ferdinand VII.
Joseph Bonaparte.


PORTUGAL


John II. 1640
EmanueL 1656
John II. 1668
Sebastian. 1706
Henry the Cardinal. 1750
Spanikh rule. 1777
Spanish rule. 1786


Francis I.
Henry H.
Francis IL
Henry II.
Henry IV.
Louis XIIL
Louis XIV.


1481
1493
1521
1557
1578
1580
1640

1515
1547
1559
1560
1589
1610
1643

1485
1509
1547
1553
1558
1603
1625
1649


FRANCE
1715
1774
1792
1795
1799
1803
1814
ENGLAND
1660
1685
1689
1702
1714
1727
1760
1820
[30]


John IV.
Alphonso VI.
Peter H.
John V.
Joseph.
Peter I.
Mary Frances.

Louis XV.
Louis XVI.
Republic.
Directory.
Consuls.
Napoleon.
Louis XVII.


Charles II.
James H.
William and Mary.
Anne.
George I.
George II.
George HI.
George IV.


Henry VII.
Henry VIIH.
Edward VI.
Mary.
Elizabeth.
James I.
Charles I.
Commonwealth












CATALOG OF POPES-FROM FLORIDA'S DISCOV-
ERY TO END OF HISTORICAL TIMES.


Pope Date
Alexander VI ......1492
Pius I f..........1503
Julius H ..........1503
Leo X............1513
Adrian VI ......... 1522
Clement VII .......1523
PaulII ............1534
Julius I ..........1550
Marcellus II .......1555
Paul IV ...........1555
Pius IV ........... 1559
St. Pius V..........1566
Gregory XIII ....... 1572
Sixtus V ...........1585
Urban VII ......... 1590
Gregory XIV .......1591
Innocent IX........1591
Clement VIII ....... 1592
Leo XI ............1605
Paul V ...........1605


Pope Date
Gregory XV ........ 1621
Urban VIII ........1623
Innocent X ........ 1644
Alexander VII......1655
Clement IX ........1667
Clement X .........1670
Innocent XI........1676
Alexander VIII .... 1689
Innocent XII....... 1691
Clement XI ........1700
Innocent Xm ......1721
Benedict XIII......1724
Clement XII .......1730
Benedict XIV ......174Q
Clement XIII ....... 1758
Clement XIV....... 1769
Pius VI ...........1775
Pius VII ......... 1800
Leo X ...........1823
Pius VIII..........1829


[31]






GOVERNORS UNDER ENGLAND

EAST FLORIDA


James Grant ..........................
John Moultrie .........................
Patrick Tonyn ........................

WEST FLORIDA

Geo. Johnstone ........................
Monforte Brown .......................
Elias Durnford ........................
Peter Chester ..........................


GOVERNORS UNDER SPAIN

EAST FLORIDA

Manuel de Zespedes ...................
Juan Quesado .........................
Enrique White ........................
Juan Estrada .........................
Sebastian Kindelan ................... ..
Juan Estrada ..........................
Jose Coppinger ........................


WEST FLORIDA


Arturo O'Neill ......................
Enrique White ....................
Paula Gelebart.................. ...
Juan Folch .........................
Francisco Maxent ...................
Mauricio Zuniga ....................
Manrique Gonzalez .................
Jose M asot .........................
Jose Callavo .......................


.....1783-1793
... 1793-1795
... 1795-1796
... 1796-1811
... 1811-1812
... 1812-1813
... 1813-1815
.....1816-1818
.... 1819-1821


[32]


1763-1770
1771-1774
1774-1783


1763-1767
1767-1769
1769-1770
1770-1783


1783-1790
1790-1795
1796-1811
1811-1812
1812-1815
1815-1816
1816-1821






TERRITORIAL GOVERNORS, U. S. A.
Andrew Jackson ...................... 1821-1822
William P. Duval ...................... 1822-1834
John H. Eaton ......................... 1834-1836
Richard Keith Call ..................... 1836-1839
Robt. Raymond Reid ................... 1839-1841
Richard Keith Call ..................... 1841-1844
John Branch ......................... 1844-1845


SINCE FLORIDA WAS ADMITTED TO STATEHOOD


William D. Moseley ....................
Thomas Brown .......................
James E. Broome ......................
Madison Perry ........................
John Milton ...........................
William Marvin (provisional) ............
David Shelby Walker ...................
Harrison Reed ........................
Ossian B. Hart ........................
Marcellus L. Stearns ....................


Geo. F. Drew ......
William D. Bloxham
Edward A. Perry ..


Francis P. Fleming ....................
Henry L. Mitchell ......................
William D. Bloxham....................
William Sherman Jennings ..............
Napoleon Bonaparte Broward ............
Albert W. Gilchrist .....................
Park Trammell ........................
Sidney J. Catts ........................
Cary A. Hardee ........................
John W. Martin .......................


[33]


1845-1849
1849-1853
1853-1857
1857-1861
1861-1865
1865-1866
1866-1868
1868-1873
1873-1874
1874-1877
1877-1881
1881-1885
1885-1889
1889-1893
1893-1897
1897-1901
1901-1905
1905-1909
1909-1913
1913-1917
1917-1921
1921-1925
1925-1929
1929-1933


..............
..............
..............






FLORIDA COUNTIES AND DATES ON WHICH
CREATED


Alachua ...........1824
Baker ............1862
Bay .............1913
Bradford ......... 1858
Brevard ...........1844
Broward ..........1915
Calhoun .......... 1838
Charlotte ......... 1921
Citrus............1887
Clay ..............1858
Collier ...........1923
Columbia ......... 1832
Dade ..............1836
DeSoto ............ 1887
pixie .............1921
Duval.............1822
Escambia ......... 1821
Flagler ........... 1917
Franklin ..........1832
Gadsden ..........1823
Gilchrist .......... 1925
Glades ........... 1921
Gulf ..............1925
Hamilton ......... 1827
Hardee............1921
Hendry ........... 1923
Hernando .........1843
Highlands .........1921
Hillsborough .......1834
Holmes ...........1848
Indian River .......1925
Jackson .......... 1822
Jefferson .......... 1827
Lafayette .......... 1856


Lake............. 1887
Lee ..............1887
Leon..............1824
Levy............. 1845
Liberty............1855
Madison...........1827
Manatee .......... 1855
Marion............ 1844
Martin ........... 1825
Monroe .......... 1824
Nassau ...........1824
Okaloosa ..........1915
Okeechobee .......1917
Orange............ 1824
Osceola .......... 1887
Palm Beach......... 199
Pasco ............ 1887
Pinellas ..........1911
Polk .............1861
Putnam .......... 1849
Santa Rosa ........1842
Sarasota ......... 1921
Seminole ......... 1913
St. Johns ..........1821
St. Lucie .......... 1905
Sumter ............ 1853
Suwannee ........ 1858
Taylor ........... 1856
Union ............1925
Volusia .......... 1854
Wakulla.......... 1843
Walton............ 1824
Washington ........ 1824


[34]







FLORIDA'S EARLY NEWSPAPERS


Name of Paper Loction
East Florida Gazette ........St. Augstine ..
Florida Gazette ............. i. Augustine ..
The Floridian ...............Peneacola .....
East Florida Herald .........St Agustine ..
Pensaeola Gatte ........... eneola .....
Florida Intelligener ........ allahassee ....
Florida Advocate ...........Tallahassee ....
Florida Argus .............. Peaeola .....
The Floridian ..............Tallahaee ....
Magnolia Advertiser ........Magnolia ......
Key West Register .......... Key Wet .....
Florida Courier .............Tallahassee ....
Key West Gazette ............Key Wet .....
The Advertiser ............. Apalachicola ...
Key Weet Enquirer ........ Key Wet .....
Jacksonville Courier ........ Jacksonvlle ...
St. Joseph Telegraph ........St. Joseph .....
Tallahassee Guette ..........Tallahassee ....
Florida Intelligencer .........Tallahassee ....
Apalachicola Gazette ........ Apalaehieola ..
Florida Watchman ...........Tallahassee ....
St. Joseph Times ........... St. Joseph .....
South Floridan .............Key W t .....
The News ...................St. Augutine ..
The Star ...................Tallahasee ....
The Courier ................ Apalachiola ..
Apalachicola Gaette ........ Apalachieola ..
East Florida Advocate ......Jacksonville ...
The Quincy Sentinel .........Quincy ........
The Commercial Advertiser ..Apalachicola ..
Florida Journal .............Apalachiol ..
Apalachicolian .............Apalachicola ..
Florida Sentinel ............Tallahaee ....
Peoples' Friend .............Tallahassee ....
Tropical Plant .............St. Augutine ..
Commercial Advertiser .....Apalachicola ..
Republican Herald ......... Apalachiola ..
Commercial Gaette .........Port Leon .....
Watchman of the Gulf ......Apalachieola ..
Newport Patriot ............Newport ......
Light of the Reef ...........Key Wet .....
Florida Statesman .......... Jackonville ...
Key Wet Gazette ............ey Wet .....
Florida Whig ............... Jacksonville ...


Data
1783
1811
lX21
1821
1822
1824

ims
182t
1828
1828
1828
1829
1830
1831
1833
1834
1835
1835
1835
1836
1836

1836
1836
1838
183840
1839
1839
1841
1839
1839
1840
1840
1839
1841
1841
1842
1845
1843
1845
1843
1843
1843
1845
1845
1845


Joe. and Chas. Well
Rieard Edes
Nicholas Tmntal
El Couldd
W. H. Hut
Gordea Crane
Edgar Maeon

William Wiln
Amugus Steel
Th s. Eatih
Wmn. M. Smh
O. Strbel
Dinsmore W teaett
Jesse AskiHs
LCrrier
Dimere Westeett
John Baldwin
Edward Chadler
C. E.Brdeott
Josha Kmnwles
Peter G tier
William Whrton
D. W. Wbitemr
J. B. Webb
Joseph Creskey
C.L Bartlett
Alfred Joes
Johas Knowles
T. H. Tbompean
J. B. Webb
C.E. Bartlet
Knowles & Smith
David Levy
Geo. Greard
R. J. Youn
Ge. W. Smith
A. & Alnader
W. T. Robinse
A. R. Aleander
EL Ware
Ge. Grmard
Edwin Searborough
Isih Hat


[35]




















EARLY FLORIDA BANKS

Following is a list of the early banks of Florida with
their capital stock, dates of incorporation and locations.


Name Capital
Bank of Florida .............$ 500,00.00....
Bank of West Florida........ 100,00.00....
Bank of Pensacola ........... 300,000.00....
Bank of St. Agustine ........ 300,00.00....
Bank of Magnolia ........... 300,00.00....
Central Bank of Florida...... 1,000000.00....
Commercial Bank of Florida.. 500,000.00....
Union Banklof Florida....... 1,000,000.00....
Farmers Bank of Florida...... 300,000.00....
The Bank of Jacksonville..... 75,000.00....
Southern Life Insurance
and Trust Company ....... 2,000000.00....
Bank of St. Joseph........... 500,000.00....
Franklin Bank of Florida..... 1,000,000.00....
Marine Insurance Bank ...... 1,500,00.00....
Bank of Apalachicola ........ 500,000.00....


Date
1828
1829
1839
1831
1832
1832
1833
1833
1834
1835

1835
1836
1837
1837
1839


Location
Tallahassee
Marianna
Pensacola
St. Augustine
Magnolia
Tallahassee
Apalachicola
Tallahassee
Marianna
Jacksonville

St. Augustine
St. Joseph
Apalachicola
Apalachicola
Apalachicola


[36]







All events listed in foregoing chronology and many
more are described in detail in RANSON'S CHnONoLoCICAL
HISTORy OF FLORIDA, now in course of publication, as per
following chapter index:


CHAPTER INDEX
Chapter Subject Dte
I Christopher Columbus ........................ 1435 to 1506
II Ponce de Leon ............................... 1460 to 1521
SPineda, Pamlo, Alvar Nune, De Soto.......... 1519 to1549
IV Tristan de Lmna ............................. 1558 to 1561
V Huguenot Colonies ............................ 1555 to 562
VI Ribault & Laudoniere ....................... 1562to 565
VII Mnenedes ................................ 1519to 1566
VIII Destruction of the Huguenots................. 1565
IX Revenge of de Gourgues, Death of Menendes.... 1567 to 1574
X Sir Francis Drake, Mission, Etc............... 1586 to 92
XI Spanish Colonial Life ........................ 168to1697
XII Border Wars ................................ 170to 1739
XII Ogleho .............................. 1732 to 1744
XIV Spanish building Activities ....................1748to 1756
XV Florida UnderBritish Rule.................... 1763to 178
XVI The Revolutionary War ...................... 1776to 1783
XVII Men of Note and Interest...................... 1782 to 1803
XVIII Republic of West Florida, Etc.................. 1810to 1812
XIX War of 1812, Etc............................... 1812to 1821
XX Change of Flags to the United States............ 1821
XXI Florida as a Territory ....................... 1821to 1845
XXII Early Banks of Florida ....................... 1824 to 1845
XXIII St. Joe and Boom Towns...................... 1829to 841
XXIV Florida's Early Newspapers .................... 178to 1845
XXV The Indian of Florida ....................... 1534to 1928
XXVI The Indian War .............................. 1835to 1842
XXVII The Forts of Florida.
XXVIII The Armed Occupation Act ................. 1842to 1849
XXIX Retrospect and Development ................. 1849to 1860
XXX Admission to Statehood .................... 1845
XXXI Governors of Florida ........................ 1863 to 1928
XXXII Internal Improvements ....................... 1854to 1928
XXIII Maps and Surveys of Florida .................. 1502to1928
XXXIV The Civil War ................................ 1861to65
XXXV Reconstruction ............................... 1865to 1877
XXXVI Progres and Development .................. 1878to l92
XXXVII The Everglades ............................... 1847to 192
XXXVIII The Florida Land Boom ...................... 1924 to 1926
XXXIX Florida Hurricanes ........................... 1565to 1928
XL Penitentiaries ................................. 1 t91t928
XLI Education ................................... 1822 tl92
XLII Farming and Fruit Growing.................... 1884tol927
XLIII Shrimping and Sponging ...................... 1905to 192
XLIV The Counties of Florida ................... 1821to1927
XLV Public Health ............................... 1885to 1928
Conclusion.
Chronological Tables. Apendix. Subject Index.

[37]










Dr. Robert T. Morris, of New York, writes: "Your
clear explanation of the Florida Everglades situation is
worth the price of the book if it contained nothing else."

Another Reader remarks: "Your chapter on the maps
and surveys of Florida and your account of the Florida
land boom are valuable contributions to Florida history
and can not be excelled."

A Lady Reader writes: "I do not know of any writer
of history or historic novels who so adequately grasps and
interprets the atmosphere of romantic charm or dramatic
tragedy with which people like to surround the happenings
of the Latin races and more particularly those of Spanish
origin.

"The words flow freely and have the charm of conver-
sation rather than any trace of the pedagogue and one feels
that it is more like sitting in the presence of the writer
and listening to a narrative told in a simple yet convincing
manner, that holds the attention in a most satisfying man-
ner and that is so accurate in detail and dating that there
is no disposition to interrupt the writer with doubts or
questions."

A Friend in Jacksonville writes: "Where did you find
so many happenings of interest in Florida which have so
far never appeared in print before? Truly a mine of in-
formation."


[38]




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