• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Matter
 Title Page
 Copyright
 Main
 Index














Group Title: A tour through the southern and western territories of the United States of North-America, the Spanish dominions on the river Mississippi, and the Floridas, the countries of the Creek nations, and many uninhabited parts
Title: A tour through the southern and western territiries of the United States of North-America
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055631/00001
 Material Information
Title: A tour through the southern and western territiries of the United States of North-America the Spanish dominions on the river Mississippi, and the Floridas; the countries of the Creek nations; and many unhabited parts
Physical Description: 104, iv p. : ; 23cm.
Language: English
Creator: Pope, John
Publisher: Printed by J. Dixon, for the author
C.L. Woodward
Place of Publication: Richmond
New York
Publication Date: 1792. [|1888]
 Subjects
Subject: Creek Indians   ( lcsh )
Description and travel -- Southern States   ( lcsh )
Ohio River Valley   ( lcsh )
Mississippi River   ( lcsh )
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: By John Pope.
General Note: A reprint with index.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00055631
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000128212
oclc - 01620291
notis - AAP4210
lccn - 01021338

Table of Contents
    Front Matter
        Page i
    Title Page
        Page 1
    Copyright
        Page 2
    Main
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
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        Page 66
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        Page 68
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        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
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        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
    Index
        Index page i
        Index page ii
        Index page iii
        Index page iv
Full Text











AUuUSrT,


I take pleasure and pride in sending you the reprint of Pope's Tour.


I think you will


admit


that it is in every way equal to the promise of the


prospectus.


Every


copy printed


has been


subscribed


trust


customers will


recognize the difference


between


this course of


procedure and the stereotyped


toot of


publishers who would have you suppose


necessary


to order by telegraph to "secure a copy


" of their limited edition


" who then, after skimming


the market, foist another


upon


the trade at a small discount; and who still have enough


left to hammer some off at every trade sale for the next twenty years.


thank


subscription, and shall feel obliged if you will accept this notice in lieu of a
earliest convenience send me two dollars for each book received.
Very respectfully,


you for your


bill, and


your


L. WOODWARI.


NASSAU


NEW


YORK,


CHASE.









THROUGH


SOUTHERN AND WESTERN TERRITORIES
OF THE


UNITED


NORTH


STATES


AMERICA;


THET


SPANISH


DOMINIONS


ON THE RIVER MISSISSIPPI,
AND THE
FLORIDAS;
THE COUNTRIES OF THE


CREEK


NATIONS


AND MANY
UNINHABITED PARTS.


OHN


POP


MULTORUM, PAUCORUM, PLURIUM, OMNIUM, INTEREST.


RICHMOND:


PRINTED B Y


JOHN DIXON.


FOR THE AUTHOR AND HIS THREE CHILDREN, ALEXANDER D.
POPE, LUCINDA C. POPE, AND ANNE POPE.


M,DCC,XCII.


THE





.0 o 5


REPRINTED WITH INDEX
FOR


CHARLES L. WOODWARD, NEW YORK, 1888.



















ERY
timent


Man who commits his


's


public


Criticifm,


Honor,


will


Sen-
whe-


Interef,


furofed


hope


for


Public


Patronage,


Plaufe. But t
vily condescend


Man


who


obtain


hlall


iuccefs


fer-
who


/hal


elevate
private


debafinA
or exalt


Regard


himself,
another,


or Public


attempt
deserves


Favor.


The Author


Jfrongly


and


following


imprefed


alto'


with
feels


thefe


as all


Skeets,
Senti-


Au-


thors


muft


who


commit


themselves


their
other


Motive


Consideration,


or Af-


ments,










great


Friendfh
whofe P


nor;


ltho'


ref/pedable


leafe


knows


Men,


him,
him
their


man


who/e


and
Ho-


fentation


tary
than


Labors,


their


as the


own


volun-
learts,


Solicitation.


Thus


thinking,


none


will


blame,


who


thus


acting,


all
" the


will


native


applaud,


Inde-


pendancy,
Man.-


which


Birth-right


Inaccuracies


probably


reflect,


will,


this


Work,
Rea-


genuine


Offsp
taken
times


ring


poftive


sometimes


Stump,


Observation,


always


Hafje,


informed
Janions.


amidjf


and


Hurly


generally


Burly
Indian


TOUR,


WIorld
and


would


'atronage
prefers


would


obtain


Effufons


as the


Tribute


Flattery


admirers


obtain,


that


on Horfeback,


fome-


un-


Corn-











&yc.


the firft


Day


June, 1790, I


my Departure from the City of
with an Intention of visiting the


took
Rick-
Wef-


tern Regions of Kentuckey, and exploring the
Spanzik Dominions of LouiFiana and the two
Floridas; as alfo the Territories of the Creek


Nation, now under the Governance of


Alex-


ander M'Gillivray, Efq; who
current Approbation which h


from


the con-


Le hath merited


received


from


whole


Nation,


may,


with Propriety, be faid to hold imperial Pow-


er, having many
nate to him.


Kings and


Princes fubordi-


How far I have fucceeded


the Explora-


termine


June


thofe
from


Ioth.


Countries,
a candid


Contrated


the Reader will de-


Perufal of


a violent


Jour-


Rheu-


matifm from wetting my Feet, in an Attempt
to crofs the Rapedan, which retarded my Pro-
A 3 grefs


mond,









grefs for about eight Weeks in the County of
Culpeper; where the Humanity and Politenefs
of Col. John Thornton and his Lady mitigated
my Diftrefs, and ultimately restored me to my


priftine


Heal


man, as well


Ith and Vigour. This Gentle-
as his Brother William, poffeffes


a rare


mechanical


Genius, and


to which he


hath fuperadded a practical Knowledge in Me-
dicine and Surgery; the Advantages of which,
his poor Neighbours often experience with
Tears of Gratitude.


Some Years fince, the Affembly of Virgi-
nia voted a Premium to Mr. John Hobdy, for


Invention


Machine,


which


mitted to their Infpe&tion, well calculated for
the Purpofes of beating out Wheat and other
fmall Grain. Col. William hath improved


upon Hobdy's Invention by conftrudting a


Wa-


ter-Mill,


which


without


animal


Exertion, shatters out and prepares more fmall


Grain of any Kind in one Day,


than Hobdy's


can in one Week.


With


Mill


alone,


fpeedily prepares his Flax and Hemp for Mar-


ket or the Diftaff.


It is a Model


well worth


the Attention of every opulent Farmer, or of
thofe who raife large Crops of Flax and
Hemp.
A uguft


_


__ 1


I I









Auguf/


Croffed


the Blue-Ridge,


halted
about


for three


eight


flourishing


Days


Miles


little


Town


at New- Town


"inchefjer.


think,


within


This


bids fair


eclipfe


Winchefter in a few Years, or, be con-


nefted with her by a lengthy Village


Its Lo-


cality gives it


a decided Preference to


Win-


chefter,


as being


in a fertile


Neighborhood,


and nearer to Mills, Iron-Works and


ture Navigation of the


the fu-


Shenandoah.


From


Place


made fome few Excur-


fions


Country,


particularly


to the


Houfes of
former of


ty of


Colonels


Zane


and Thruf/on


whom poffeffes a greater Originali-


Thought, Speech and Ation, than any


other Gentleman I ever was acquainted with.


many


Waters


Knowledge


great


he hath


acquired,


From


reading Books as well as Men,


For fMning


Parts


admir'd:


From


v' ry great Metropolis,


He fome


Inftruaion


draws,


afcertaining


Police


Of Manners,


Cuftoms,


Laws.


He
which


is the


Proprietor


Iron-Works,


, under his judicious Management yield


an amazing


Profit.


Works


which


are very complex, are driven by the Water if-
A 4 fuing








fuing from one Spring, whofe Source is
above a Quarter of a Mile from the Spot.


not


Auguft 14th. Found myfelf happy in the
Family of the fenfible, humane and generous


Col. G. M.


Tkrufton,


whofe public


vate Characters will bear the ftridteft Scrutiny.
His late Difplay of unparralled Generofity to
a diftreffed, though reputable Family, will be
enrolled in the Court above; and from the


recording Angel, instead of


a Tear, extort an


approbative


Smile.


This


Gentleman


early Period of the War, laying afide his fa-
cerdotal Habit, appeared at the Head of a Re-


giment


in Defence of


Achievements in


Council,


his injured
the Field, his


general


Country.
Wifdom


Tenour


ConduA, through the various Scenes of


Life,


Honour,


claim


from


a grateful


Country its warmeft Acknowledgments.


On this Gentleman's
an Acre of Ground wel


Artichokes, of


Farm I obferved about
1 befet with Jerufalem


a most luxuriant Growth


Colonel told me that he was confident the Pro-


dudion would exceed one


Thoufand Bufhels.


To this


Vegetable, Swine and horned


Cattle


every Defcription,


particularly Sheep, are


furprifingly attached-I do not discover it to
be









be any Way inferiour to the Garden Artichoke
for Table Ufe.


Auguft 17th.
relaxed from tl


Arrived in Winchefter much


Heat of


Weather, and


whilft lolling on a Couch, was faluted by a
Mr. John Welch, who had served in my Regi-
ment in the Capacity of a common Soldier du-
ring the laft War. With great Self-Compla-


cency he informed me, that fince the War


been


profperous


in Life, had acquired a


fnug little Retreat in the Country, and then
had a large Drove of Cattle within four Miles
of the Place, which he meant to difpofe of to


the French emigrants then stationary in


chefler--that
Drove and hu


Win-


he wished to go back, meet the
irry them into Town, leaft others


might fupplant him in the Sale; but that he
had fent his Horfe to the fame Pafture where
his Cattle were, fo that he should be under the


Neceffity of
beg, borrow


going


on Foot, unlefs


he could


or ifeal a Nag to ride that fmall


Diftance: Mr. Welch, I am happy to hear of
your Profperity, and you are entirely welcome


to the Ufe of my Horfe to ride that Diftance-


Sir, you are very good, and I'll embrace


your


generous Offer, and on my Return this Even-


ing give myfelf the


Pleafure


Dining with


you.


I fear fome Accident has happened


Mr. Welch,


as I


have


neither


feen him, the


Horfe


b








Horfe,


Bridle


or Saddle from


that


Hour to


Miles in


Situation,
Rear, and


on a Journey with


500 in


Front,


gan like Strap
Difference, he f


is foon


parted


to moralize,


ufed


with


only this


Fool and his Money
the Word Horfe in-


ftead of Money.


During my
was frequently


whofe


high


mies-Poffeffed


Continuance


Company


Winchefler,


General


Charader as a Military


Eftimation


an eafy


Man,


even by his Ene-
Fortune, he now


enjoys all the Sweets of Domeftication, and
the Heart felt Pleafure arifing from a conscious


Reditude.


He is fond of the social Pleafures,


sometimes


in his


gayer


Moments,


amufe the Company with Narratives


mar-


Feats,


was,


Tarlton's


and how


plucked
Brow.


Somebody,
ie Laurels


from


fierce


September.


Hearing that the


Monongalia


and Ohio were innavigable, I resolved to fpend


Time


Friends


until


they


Berkeley


should


County,


ie among my
which for its


Temperature of
Fertility of Soil,


Air, Salubrity of
juftly claims the


Baths


Preference


of every other County in Virginia, but lefs fo


Frederick


than


whether for the


Properties


Morgan,
is held i









Properties already mentioned, or the Hofpita-
lity and Independence of its People in general.


paid a


Vifit to Mr.


Charles


tzkington,


the Brother of our beloved Prefident, where I


had th


Pleafure of feeing a moft


affectionate


Meeting between him and his Sifter, attended


with


several


Female


Relations


from


Frede-


rickfburg.
ber of the
contributed
Company,


Mr. Robert


Rutherford,


a Mem-


Virginia Senate was alfo there, and
d much to the Chearfulnefs of the


by singing


several


moft


excellent


and sentimental Songs.
Gentleman and Mr. I


I am indebted to this


tzfington


for furnifh-


ing me with
to fome of


a joint


Letter


Introduction


moft reputable Chara6ters in


Kentuck
Hunter


: Meffrs.


David


Gray


are among the number


Ind Mofes
thofe who


have impofed Obligations on me.


October.


Purfued


Route


through


Shepherd'


s Town and Martinfburg, two flou-


rifhing
General


little


Towns.


former


Gates and his Family on their Way


to New-


phen,
now


York, and at the latter,


who observed that the


entirely


diffolved, allud


General Stc-


Triumvirate was
ing to Generals


Gates


and himself:


Whom


ey








Whom


Dame


Fortune


in a


merry


Mood,


Concenter'd in


one Neighbourhood;


Evincing


Birds


Feather,


Always


chirp


and flock


together.


Began to afcend


Company


with


Alleghany
Col. Skep


Mountains


herd,


who


obferved


that


many


Years


had made


it an


invariable


Rule to take a hearty Drink


of Grog
where th


a Spring


near


Eaftern and Wefftern


Road-Side,
Waters very


amicably take their
timating that we a


Leave


each


our Weftern


other, in-
Brethren


ought


to do


likewife.


hall


not under-


take


a Defcription


over thofe


Alpine


of a
Hills,


Sixty Miles Paffage
but content myfelf


with


faying,


that


paffed


through


the Sha-


dow of Death-faw General


r/kington's In-


trenchment at the Meadows, and undifmayed,


rode


over


Braddock's


Grave.


From


Weftern
Evening,
of Beefon


was


Laurel
ravifh'd


Town and


Hill,
with


on a pleasant
the Profpe-t


the circumjacent


Coun-


Ten


Miles


from


Beefon


Town lies the


Old Fort, at the Jundcion of


called
Place


Redftone,


were


periencing


every


a fmall


and the Monongalia.


detained


Difguft


about a


which


Stream,.
At this


Week,
Rooks


Harpies could excite.


October.









October.


Went on Board a Kentuckey Boat


in Company with three Danville Merchants,
and a Mr. Fooley from the State of Maryland,


Twenty-three


Hours


reached


Pittf-
t-


burg.


The


mentioned


Gentleman from


his Singularities and


Fooleries


merits a mi-


nute
Lofs


Thomas


Defcription,


give.
Fooley,


which,


however,


Suffice


I am at a


that


of a very reputable Family in


Maryland,


about


Feet


three


Inches


high, and every Way disproportionate in his
Shape and contradi story in the Lineaments of


Face,


which


at firft


View excited a Refi-


ability in the moft serious Beholder.


The De-


formities c
his Perfon.


Condudt


with


thofe


It was fometime laft Month that


Fooley


eloped


from


Lady, under


Apprehenfion that fhe was preparing through


the Medium of her


Friends an Infirument of


Writing for


able Part


him to fign,


of his


Fortune


whereby a confider-
was to be vefiled in


Hands


of Trufitees,


troul.


fubje&t


was


to her Con-


utterly


pofed-However, previous to his
he left her an unlimited Power of


which


delivered


Ha


Elopement
Attorney,
nds of his


Overfeer.


At Redjfone he difpofed of his ele-


gant H
Watch,


lorfe


Furniture


which


an old


Property


Brafs
being
right


Fooley


__


I









right


once


every


withstanding this, Mr.


Twelve
Fooley is


Hours


: Not-


of Refinement, being both a


Philofopher and


Politician,


with


fome


Knowledge


Aftro-


logy and Palmiftry.


OtFober.


Apprehending


a Return


Rheumatifm,


Pitt/burg,


refolved


where


to awart the


could


Event


comfortably


lodged


duly attended


I ftaid ten Days.


Here I faw the celebrated


Hugh


Henry


Breck-


enridge,
in the b


Author of
beginningg c


ix political
War, and ol


Sermons
f various


other


Traits


fince-He had been lately mar-


ried to a Mifs Sabina


Wolfe, Daughter


old Dutch


Farmer


in Wafington County-


The
riage
with


Circumftances
and fubfequent


fome


flight


Conduct


References


Mar-


hall relate,


to the


Perfon,


Temper and Difpofition of the Man.


Breckenridge


Court,


on his


called


Way
t:Mr.


from


Wolfe's


have his Horfe


was then descending.


d efcape a Rain which
The Horfe was fed, the


Rain
avoid


brought


fubfided,


Feet,


to the


ordered


Door


Mifs


Breckenridge
s Horfe to
Wolfe was


reed to perform that Office.


Nut


a Gentleman


Courtihip,


ington









Nut brown were her


Locks,


her Shape


was full


ftrait,


Eyes were as black as


a Sloe;


Milk


white were her


Teeth,


fmart was her


Gait,


And fleck


was her Skin


Thefe


upon


Allurements


made


fufceptible


a deep


Heart of


Impref-
Brecken-


ridge-He prevented her in the fervile Office,


mounted


not gone more


Nag and off he went.


than


a Sabbath


Day


He had
s Jour-


ney,


fuch


really


was)


before


Horfe, at the Initigation of


the Rider, turned


thort about and revifited Mr. Wolfe's.
miliar Application was made to the old


tleman


Daughter,


which


Afa-
Gen-
confi-


dered


as nothing more than Pleafantry in Mr.


Breckenridge, for which he


remarkable.


Breckenridge


declared


that he


was


feri-


ous, that his Intentions were honourable, and
that this future Happinefs refuted on the Event


then


Application.


Mifs


Sabina


been


employed in


Shrubbing


the old


Man's


Meadow,


which


faved


annual


pence of about


ten Dollars.


This with


was an infuperable Objedion


to parting with


his Girl-Mr. Breckenridge obviated the Dif-


ficulty by p
obtained the


saying down a
Young Lady's


Sum of Money,
Confent, married


her to


Philadelphia, where


now is under the Governance of


a reputable
female


as a










female


Character,


whofe


Bufinefs


polifh the 1
cities which


banners, and
Mrs. Brecke


wipe
nridge


Ruffti-


had acquired


whilft a Wolfe.


Introduction
Gentleman,


with


and fent to him on the


following


without my


hafty


Knowledge


Acquaintance


I composed,
Evening of


Produdion
or Confent,


inclofed


r Arri-
which


infected in the


Pitt/burg


Gazette.


BRECKENRIDGE,


Egq


on his


being


fairly


NOOS'D.


THYgreat


fr


Which


"om the
in the


and independent


faireft


Wild


Stalk


unknown


Soul s
feletf


to public


Flow r:
View.


In mild Pudicity fo


fweetly


grew.


SABINA


learn !


was not giddy


Chance,


That


'twas


When


The Matron


To fpeak


Merit


Heaven


and he


fall


and atd


up to high


which opened


view'd thee


e'er long


aboon


Advance ?


his Eyes,


him t


the vulgar


with Surprize.
be taught,
Thought.


His plastic


turn


That


Hand fall fashion


as werer,


neither


and fo


hy unwrought
nor Romance,


mould,


to Gold.


Or in Metropolis


Shall


Dame


r polifh'd
found to


France;
equal thee,


In Manners foft,


and true


Gentility.


Thus









Thus


augur


I of thee,


oh purelefs


Dame,


Whose C
And well


ondut foon


evi


inc'd whe


fall well
'n formed on


the Trump
Wifdom's


of Fame.
Plan.


can reward and foothe


Company with


ed the Fort and


Pitt/bu
ploy tl
ftrange


at present,
Exceptions,


feffed of a


filch


from,


Creatures,
neceffitous


various


, which
historic


an honeft


Gentleman


neighboring


one


Pen,


melancholy
is inhabited


Mortals


Charter


annoy anc
particularly
many who


Parts


Charge-Goods


Day


view-


Eminencies of
or other em-


as being replete with


Events.


with


who


Exclufive


harrafs


have


to Kentuckey


every


The


Town


only fome few
.at as if pof-


Privilege to
her Fellow


incautious
emigrated
can verify
Defcription


from
this


dearer in
I attribut


Pitt/burg than in Kentuckey,


e


Combination


which


penfioned


Scoundrels who infeft the Place.


" Some


Men in


Pow'r


Trufts,


have made


one Hand with the other


trade;


" Gain'd vaftly by


" The right


Thief,


ir joint
the left


Endeavour,
Receiver ;


" And what the


" The other


one b


by as fly


Tricks foreftalfd,
retail'd."


HUDIBRAS.


Was


Man.









a Spaniard to refide among the
only one Week, he would be


exclaim in the W


fords of


Quevedo:


" Menca la cola


el Can,


" No por ti fino por el Pan."

TRANSLATED.


' Tis not for


his Tail


; but for


and fakes


proceeded


Bread,


his Head.


down the Ohio in


BealC


s Boat,


which


was


a moveable


Fortification


having about one Hundred and


Fifty Salt Pans fo arranged, as to render a few


Men
their


within,


Number


capable


without.


repulfing ten


Times


Nothing materially


occurred-W


had a tolerable Paffage of five


Days and
Town, fit


Nights down


:uate on


to Lime/tone


Banks of


, a little
Ohio, at


Mouth


Lime/fone


Creek,


where


Emi-


grants from Virginia and a
States moft commonly debark.


Eaftern


Leaving this


Place, I paffed on in a


the moft fertile Parts of
ington, Bourbon and Le.
Danville, the present M


direct


Route


Kentuckey,


xington


through
y Waf-


Townfhips to


[etropolis of


trit.
tinued


this Place


about


and its


Month,


Vicinage I con-


experiencing


every


Civility and


Hofpitality which


fo remarkably
charac-


burgers


Pittf-
apt to


November.









characterize
of Kentuckey


People.
foreign


The


Topography
Purpofe, as


Mr. Filfon and others have treated that Sub-


je&t with great Candour and Preciflion.


Mere


Occu rrencies,


moft


conspicuous


Traits of Men and Manners, are the principal
Obiets of my Invefti ation. General Wil-


0


kin/fon and Scott are too generally known both


at Home and abroad, to require any


Eulogi-


um from me


hall, therefore,


wishing them


every Profperity, proceed on to Louzifville and


its Neighbourhood, and roufe up Gen.


George


Rogers


Clarke,


who,


Kentuckians


hath actually been
for upwards of four


in a profound


Years,


Slumber


without the leaft


Symptoms of Wakefulnefs whatever.


December 15th.


an Apprehenfion


Arrived at his


that


Houfe


forgotten


e immediately


recognized


without
though


was highly


Ceremony,


defultory


pleaded


entered


into a


Converfation,


with


familiar,


which


Atticifm


Wit


, the genuine Offspring of


serious


important


native Genius.


Occafions


plays a P
Reflection


'rofundity


Judgment,


matured


aided


Experience.


cannot
serving,
forth in


difmifs


Gentleman


that fome


Small


Glory


without


Years fince


military


fhone


Prowefs.


-- -J v v. T








He appeared from his Plans and Succeffes to


have poffeffed an
Manoeuvres and


intuitive
Defigns of


ing in no Inftance out of
Operations injudicioufly.


Knowledge of the
the Enemy, hav-


many concerted his


ObjeA


my Attention was the ludicrous


Having exhausted all his
changed his fine long tail'd


for a
within


Sailor's


four


coarfe


Inches of


Jerkin,


that caught
Mr. Fooley-


Cafh,


broad Cloth Coat


which


Waiftband's


reached


of his


Plufh


Breeches-He


fwapped


Beaver
brimm'd


a coarfe


Wool


Hat,


high
which


pedient, though contrary


throw


crown'd


to all


narrow


thought ex-
Precedent, to


a fmart triangular Cock


by the


laft Exchange he gained a round


Piece.


In this


consummate
Adventures.


Garb, our


Impudence,
As he had


Hero


fet out


Half Dollar
fraught with
in Queft of


been a Fellow


Tra-


veller in a firange Land, I
monfirating with him upe


could
n the


not help re-
Impropriety


ConduA,


which,


however


endea-


voured to defend, by


obferving that his then


Appearance was in Honour to the Memories of
Mr. Sterne and Lord Verulam.--For Sir, added


he, Mr. Sterne, hath


written


exprefsly on the


Subjed of Jerkins in thefe


Words,


"A Man's


Body and


Mind,


with reverence


fpeak


Louifville the


3o








it, are exadly lil
Lining- Rumple


Jerkin


one,


. a Jerkin's
Rumple the


other


" And


as to my Lord Verulam,


" Smell


fungus


in his


Hifftory


England


represents


his Lordfhip's
now covers the


Chappo,
Noddle


as similar
of your hu


what


imble Ser-


vant."


In the


Neighborhood


of Louifville I con-


tinued


upwards


Months


thofe with


whom I affociated, were affable and


humane


The Stranger here may consider


himself


as at


Home-for fuch


extreme


People, that unknown


Hofpitality


to their


Gueft,


they will confer, or rather impofe Ads of


neficence,
Rudenefs.


which


cannot


refused


without


March
Ohio in


179i.


Company


with


Proceeded


down


a Frenchman,


who


was taking
along with


his American Wife


Children


to Langue la Grazije, or, the


Greafy
Neuvo


Bent


Madrid,


now


called


on the


by the


Wefftern


Spaniards


Side


Mijzfzppi.


The Governor of Penfacola fays,


that the Etymology of


Langue la Graiffe ori-


ginates from the Rivers forming an extenfive


Curve; where,


upon


Settlement


Place,


great


Quantities


Bear-Meat


were ftored up for the Ufe of the Garrifon and
the









French


Spaniz


Navigators


down the Mif/fippi, which


Meat is of


a very


oleofe


Quality


Greafinefs of


though
e Soil,


in my
with ti


the River, sufficiently juftify the


Opinion, the
Devexity of
Epithet.


During our Paffage from


Louifville


to this


we were frequently alarmed at the hof-


tile Appearance of Indi
the Ohio and Miffifippi


ians on


both


Sides of


fufpe6ting our Num-


bers to


fuperiour to their own,


deterred from
which had they


coming
done,


they


against us in
we should have


were


Force;
fallen


Victims without


Poffibility


Efcape


their mercilefs


Barbarity.


Marck 12th.


'791.


Breakfafted and dined


with


Signior


Pedro


Foucher,


Commandant at


Neuvo Madrid.


The Garrifon confift of about


Ninety
Food a


Men,


who


Raiment


well


they


supplied


have an


with


excellent


Train of Artillery,


which appears


to be their


chief Defence-Two Regular Companies of
Mufqueteers with charged Bayonets might take


Place.


mandant


himself,


who


Opinion is
complains


Com-


that


not sufficiently fupported-He


Creole


French


Extradtion,


in his


Manners,


Patagonian
nd of a m


Siz


oft


e, po-
noble


Prefence.


On the Evening


Day em-
barked









barked in


a Boat


bound to New


Georgian
Madrid.


Shore,


23

called


Orleans,


about


Smoke-Houfe,


anchored


Thirty


Miles


on the
below


13th. Setting at the Veffel's Head
pied about a Dozen Fowls as large as A
vite Ducks, of a bluifh grey Colour,


fu/co-
with


remarkable


fhort


Necks,


the


Name of which


no one on Board


knew, as never


having feen


any
long


Kind


been


before,


accustomed


to t


though they 1
he Navigation


the Miff/ippi, and


habitable


visited


Globe.


moft


Parts


Hibernian


Board


fwore that from the


fhortnefs of


their Necks


they were


either


Cygnets


or young


Cranes


for that the old


Ones


Necks


ten Times


as long.


14th.


The


Trees


on the


Margin


River in


Verdue.


o'Clock


encounted


a Congeries


Chickafaw


Bluff,


Aiots
where


paffed the firft
River is about


Five


Hundred


we loft Sight


Yards


wide-At


of Monfeur's


Boat


12 o'Clock
in a firong


Gale of


Wi


Craig's


nd-8 o'Clock at Night one of
Tobacco Boats, with Forty Hogf-


heads


Flour and


Tobacco,


Plank paffed


a large Quantity
us whilft we lay


Harbour, fhe had loft her Rudder and fprung
a Leak


__ ~


__








a Leak.


Hands
which


this
Board


through


Situation,
, they in


prudentia


I


with


only


nplored
Motives


our
was


three
Aid,
de-


nied.


i5th.
Boat ii


Sunrife


good


efpied


Harbour and


Frenchman


uninjured


different was


Fate


Crazigs,


which


had fprung a Leak in her


Bow and appeared


to be stranded


opposite


afaw Bluff, where
Hundred Yards


the
wide.


to the second


River
At


Chick-


about Four
o'Clock we


viewed


third


to the Bayone .
not quite Four
Colours of this


blue
the


, grey, black,
Chickafaws o


Chickefaw


7ohn,


Hundred


Bluff


where


Bluff,
e the


Yards


are white,


brown,


nce


had


purple,
a fmall


opposite
River is


wide.
red,


The


yellow,
Here


Pottery-


Upon this Bluff is the molt


for a


Banks
Bluff,


Rate


affailed
of this


Town which


have


eligible Situation
as yet feen on the


Mizfffi. -J u fi


within


Man of


Feet


War might


Winds,


Bluff


is an


under


Shore,


ride in
At the


a firft


Safety, un-


upper


Blockhoufe,


End


built


a Captain Befheare's


Company, who had the


Convoy of military Stores for the Chickafaws,


which


they


deposited


therein,


until


they


could procure the Affiftance of additional and


frefh


Hands.


From


lower


End


Bluff,









Bluff, the


River suddenly


opens


to the ama-


zing
Upon


width


four,


Examination,


our


fixth
Crew


Miles.
confift


of one IriJ/man, one Anfpacker, one


kean, one Perfon born on


one


We lch man


r, one Virgin
Total. At


o'Clock


with


came


violent


Difficulty we evited, by


Storm,


exerting


which
every


Nerve to gain the Shore.


March i7th.


S791.


The Irifman


nour of


Patrick,


dy, Sugar and


Nog,
whilft


of which


Eggs
he
Helm


purloined
to make a


drank
. he


our


Bran-


Tub of Egg-


copioufly,


infenfibly


run


that
the


Veffel into a ftrong
which, employed all


Eddy, to
Hands in


her out of


hard


Labour


the Balance of the Day.


March i8th.


Sunrife


came


on a flight


Snow,


which


formed


a curious


Contract


Verdure of the


Trees-All the Afternoon


of this Day we run due North.


19th.


o'Clock


we run


South-


All this Day the Weather was
the Wind blowing from North.


intenfely cold,
About Noon


fix Indians of


Board and


Chactaw


presented


Nation


us with


jerked Venifon, for which we


came on


o Strings of
Return gave
them


Kentuc-








them fix Pound of


Bacon and a Peck of Salt,


which they pronounced to be very good.


i o'Clock we were hailed


by a Pennfylvanian


and a Lad


in a Peroch,


laden


with


Bear and


Buffaloe


Meat,


taken


on the


Francis


ver, and bound up


Of/arue River,


where


there is a Settlement of Thirty Families about


Thirty Miles from its


Mouth.


At 3 o'Clock


overtaken by two
Tobacco.


20th.


Boats laden with Flour and


At Sunrife drew up a Kitten of about


Twenty
of GOD


moft


Weight,
an Iri/


excellent


which
Cook,


Broth.


with


we made


o'Clock


Help
into
came


up with two large


Pitt/burg Boats at Anchor


laden
which,


with


was a


Flour,


on the


Concourfe of


Shore, opposite


Of/arque


Indians.


An old
having


Man among them


Face


blackened


was in


Mourning,


over with a Corn-


mixture of Bear's


of red and


under
white,


Oil, Charcoal
Lis Jowls were


which


and Turpen-
two Streaks


ran parallel


to each


other-The Indian


displayed their


Ladies


Navels, and


very


innocently


the curious


Eye


might have explored


other


Parts which civi-


lized


Nations


induffrioufly conceal.


Twenty


Miles up


O/arque


River are


their


Wig-


warns, oppofite to which, on the Eaftern Side,


SpanzAi


Garrifon


of Twenty-nine


Men-


The


is a









The


Place


high,


27

well


watered, and


as yet


the Garrifon have experienced no Sicknefs.


8 o'Clock


defcried


a Keel


tom'd Boat with a fquare


Sail, bound to New


Madrid--Her


Progrefs


under


a fair


Wind


was at the Rate of
Hour, which might


two and a half Miles per
have been accelerated by


Addition


Oars.


o'Clock


tered a narrow Part of the Miffifippi, where
it is not more than Two Hundred Yards wide.


12 o'Clock


discovered another


Keel


bot-


tom'd


Boat, defined


to the fame


Place with


the former.


At Sunfet, three of


Crazi's


Tobacco


Boats came


with


us whilft


lay in


Harbour, the


Command


fourth


Rear


being fill


Admiral,


under
whofe


Intrepidity


hath


often


endangered


his Veffel


by opposing the poor
who have taken uo


Planters and Sawyers,


their


Residence


in this


spacious River.


is shrewdly fufpe&ed


that


the Rear Admiral will


be tried by a Board of


Dons,


Loon


makes


Port


Natchez.


neral


Captain


At Sunrife,
Wilkinfon's,


Swaine,


efpied
under


bound


a Veffel


Command of
Orleans-At


o'Clock we had


View


Line.


to New









12 o'Clock we ran


North


Weft-


wardly--Here


Mizfffipp


forms on


Spanzh Side an exat Refemblance of an Horfe
Shoe.


24th.


Break of


Day


efpied


Wal-


nut Hills about ten


River,


which


Miles


Catholic


Boundary,


below


below


Majefty
which,


e Yafous
limits as


Vice-


gerents fay, that Citizens of the United States
hall not inhabit, unlefs they throw them-


felves under the


Laws,


Banners


Protec-


Spain.


lo o'Clock


efpied a Shingle roofed Houfe, occupied by a


Family of New-


Governor of the Natchez


Eminence for the


hath


Ereftion


Spot the


fixed upon an
a Fort. The


Family informed, that the


were


Stores
to the
Yards


Natchez,


Provifion.


intended


wide.


cription


fertile


Fort


Whoever
e Walnut


Imagination,


Painting,
or he will


intended


taking


The River
is about Six


undertakes


Hills,
happy


ife Something
infinitely fhort


muft


Garrifon
military
oppofite
hundred


Def-


have a


at Landfcape
ike Romance,


that


Eulo-


gium which the Place fo juffly merits.


Sunrife,


fmall


H oufes


on the Eaftern Side of the River upon a beau-
tiful


Yorkers-Near this









tiful


Eminence, from whence runs off a great


Extent


very


level


fertile


Ground


The


Eminencies resemble the round Hills of Staf-


ford County,
ginia. At 2


G
Governor


the Northern


o'Clock
Natchez'


went


Barge,


:Neck of
on Board


Vir-
the


Name


Gayofo.
Nuts a


Here


was regaled


excellent


Wines.


with
This


delicious
Gentle-


man


has a majeftic


Deportment, softened


Manners the moft engaging and polite.


Hav-


ing been brought up at the Court of London,


he is well
Mortals wh


acquainted
o move in


with
the


the Etiquette of
more exalted and


splendid
pany with
armed Sc


Scenes
him


Life.


Vi6tualling


hooner, laden with


Com-


Boats and an


military


Stores.


could not afcertain


their


Deftination, tho'


was


probably


to the


Walnut


Hills.


Soldiery including


Mariners and


Mechanics,


not exceed


one


Hundred


Men.


Door


Agent


ardently pants for the


licious Soil


he Yafous Company,
Cultivation of this de-


but by Connoifeurs, it is fhrewd-


ly conjedured, that having pitched his
in the Grotto of Mifs Clarke, his Ar<


Conftitution,


turn


Tent
dency,
down-


right Frigidity.


24th.
Gulph,


Sunrife,


opposite


which,


either


Grand


Side,


O'Fallan,


f









the Cane


grows


to the enormous


Height


Forty


sometimes


Forty-five


Feet.


At 8


o'Clock an impervious Fog arofe, fo as to pre-
vent a Difcoverv of Sawyers and other Ob-


ftacles not more


than


J


ten Feet from us.


might with
" Darknefs


the Bayone
are 'three


Propriety
vifible." A
Pierre, on


fmall


Houfes


have
9 o


been


,'Clock.


Banks


about


called
paffed
which
Thirty


Acres of


Ground


under Cultivation-About


ten Miles higher up
thickly inhabited b:


he Country
Virginians,


it is pretty
Carolineans,


Georgians, and
Eaftern States.


fome


few Stragglers from the


26th.


Town
Bank


t Sunrife
Natchez,


River.


came
fituate


Sight


Eaftern


contains


about


Hundred


H oufes,


Metropolis


Diftrift


the Governor


Residence


laft mentioned.


Vicinage


Don
In th


continued


Gayofo,
iis Town
about a


Week.


27th.


Sunday


took a


View


Governor's Palace, as alfo of the Fort


from


its elevated


Situation


has a fine


which
Com-


mand of the


double
think it


that
might


River for about a


Diftance


be affailed


down


with


Mile up, and
: though I


Succefs


bya
tingle








tingle
a lefs


Regiment,
Number.


Ground, and


or taken


The


lying


Paucity and


Surprize with
of the back
Infignificance


Garrifon


would


favour


either


Plan.


They have a good


very


injudicioufly


Fort


being


Train of
arranged


pregnable


Artillery, though


back


to -a


Part


Dozen


Men.


28th.


Paid a


Vifit to Don Granfrey,


Com-


mandant of the


Regular


Forces


throughout


Natckez


Miles
with


from


different


DifftriA
Town.


Kinds


lives


Here


about


was


Fruits,


Two


regaled


Wines and


Parmefan


Cheefe,


which


were fucceedent


a very good
and Urbanit'


Lady


fubftantial
y prefided


Dinner.


is young, handfome


Vifitants conffifed


men and


three


Ladies.


Hofpitality
Board: His
polite-His


. reputable
One of the


Gentle-
Gentle-


men fpoke the


Englifk


and Spani/k Languages


with


great


Propriety


Eafe.


Him


fixed upon as


Linguift to


Company, and


through whom we carried on a brifk and chear-


Converfation.


The


Spanz/


Gentlemen


and Ladies with whom I had an Opportunity


converting,


do not


poffefs


that Auffterity


Referve, which are


their


Nation.


The


fo generally afcribed
; Chara&er of the


Spaniards


thus drawn


by the celebrated









Mr. Swinburne, after his late Travels through
the Country.


" The Catalans appear to


the molt


tive, ftirring Set


Bufinefs,


Men


Travelling and


calculated


Manufactures-


The


Valencians a more


fullen,


fedate


Race,


better adapted


bandry, lefs eager to change


Occupations of Huf-


Place, and


much
than t
be the


more


timid, fufpicious


former-The


Caft


Mind


feem


greatest Talkers and Rhodomontadoes


of Spain-The Cafjilians


have a manly Frank-


nefs,


Appearance of


Cunning and


Deceit-The New Cafilians are


perhaps


leaft in
OldCa


duftrious of


/filians


antient


whole


are laborious, anc


Simplicity


Nation-The
1 retain more


Manner


both


of a firm determined


are a


Mixture


Spirit-The
: Cafiilian a


A rragonefe
nd Catalan,


rather incling to the former-The


Bifcayners


are acute and


diligent, fiery and


impatient of


Control,


publicans,


more


than


refembling


a Province


a Colony


an absolute


Monarchy-And


Galacians


are a


plod-


ding
over


Painftaking


Spain


Race of


Mortals, that roam


in Search of an hardly earned Sub-


fiftence.


From


Defcription


thofe


with


whom


I converted are certainly


CaJfilians,


or of that
Pedigree.


Andalujians









Pedigree.
the Nation
as I hall b


To Mr.


hall
much


Mortals


Defcription.


Swinburne's C
have frequent
among them,


answering


About


each


fome


:harader of
Reference,


nd proba-
provincial
or fifteen


Miles


above


Town


of Natchez,


Settlement of the Bayoue Pierre--It


hends


Neighborhood


about


Miles in Length and Twenty Miles in


compre-
Thirty
Width,


composed


generally


People


who


have


moved, and fill continue to move in elevated


Station


when


compared


thofe,


who,


though now poffeffed of Wealth, u
to Life without the Advantages of


fhered


in-


Fortune,


Family, or Education.


29th.


At the Natchez


0


vertifement relating to a ftray
Setting up of which, the Owr


bferved
Horfe,


an Ad-
for the


ler was obliged


to get the previous Santion of a Magiffrate.
An Inhabitant under the Jurifdi&ion of Spain
may be faid to be,


" Homo fine Spe,


fine


Sede, fine Re."


The Soil of this Diftri&


better adapted


than


e Growing
of Tobacco,


Corn,


Rice and


Cultivation


Indigo,
which,


is gradually
mittance of i


falling into


Difufe


as an


King's Store is


Ad-
now


positively


\









positively


refused,


34

from


fome


political


Mo-


tives,


which


Governor


thinks


himself


under no Obligation to communicate; though
the orefent CroD was raised under a Confi-


1-


dence repofed in his Promife,


to receive and


allow eight Dollars per Hundred for it.


3oth.


o'Clock


discovered


Wreck of one of Mr. Craig's


Tobacco


B


which he had directed to be got under
Into this Boat, exclusive of Tobacco, he


oats,
Way.
had


Riowed


considerable


Quantity


Bacon,


Butter, Flour and


Plank-He loft almost the


whole.


Boatfmen


whom


now


no longer had Occafion) appeared to bear his


Lofs


with


great


Compofure


Chriftian


Fortitude.


At i o'Clock


Natchez, and in two Hours


moved
viewed


from


the white


Bluff on the Eaftern Side of the River.


This


Situation


Romantic and


boats a


Gentle-


man's
bacco


Seat,
Boats


near which


unlaunched.


lay three large


Ellis,


from


Amelia


County,


Virginia,


refides at this


Place.


Here I discovered the firiR Pine


Trees


fince I croffed the Allegheny Mountains.

31ft. At 12 o'Clock part Loftus's Bluff,
where the River is about Two Hundred Yards


wide.


This


Situation


beauteous, and


two Plantations on the fummit laid off


in ob-


long


I









long


Squares, and


a little


Way


below, a fine


extensive


Meadow.


o'Clock hailed


a Row Galley
New Madrid.


from


New


bound


At 4 o'Clock efpied the Long


Reach, where the Eye may


take


in an unin-


terrupted


Miles.
Reach


Water


our


we viewed


ProfpeAt
Entrance


Red


Twenty-three


into


River,


a Long
about a


Quarter of a Mile
of the Miffifippi;


the Bayoue
Leave of tl


wide, on the


three


Chappaliere,


Weftern


Miles


which


River, difembogues


Side


below


taking its
its gentle


Stream


Gulph


Mexico,


several


Leagues from the Mouths of the Miffifippi.


April ift.


Sunrife


we heard


ville beaten on the Wefftern Side of the River,
where there is a mall Spanijk Garrifon.


to the


Hailed
Natchez,


Perochs,


the other to


one


bound


erre.


For two Days paft we have been much


harraffed by


Mufquettoes-T he


poor


Indians


who
Bed


almost
Reeds,


naked,
which


conftrul
they Su


an elevated
iffumigate, fo


as to banifh Infects of every Defcription from


their


Lodgements.


Slight


whitewashed airy


Buildings


become more common on the Eaf-


tern Side of


River, and are,


in general,


occupied


People


from


United States.


D 2


Here


Orleans,


the Bayoue







Here are the


moft


delightful


ever caught my View-On


Profpeds
Western


that
Side


there is a Meadow three Miles in Length and


Half


Clover


a Mile


about


n Width,
eighteen


befet with


Inches


high,


Englik


which


departures
Horfes, a


about


Three
equal


Hundred
Number of


Head


horned


Cattle.


At 10


Village


o'Clock


Twenty-one


viewed


Point


Miles


Coupee,
Length,


though narrow, confifting


inferiour


Build-


ings, interfperfed now and then with dwelling


Houfes, and


Chapels of


tolerable Elegance.


At 4 o'Clock faw eight Country Seats on the


Eaftern Bank, and at the lower


End


fome


high Bluffs, a large Building of extraordinary


Workmanfhip,
a Mile below
Alexandrian


a Dock-yard
Lt 6 o'Clock


Bluffs,


from


about
viewed


which


Half


on both


Sides of the River there is a Continuation of
beauteous Farms and elegant Buildings for the


Distance


Width


ixty-one Miles.
River all this


The
Day


general
is about


three Quarters of a Mile, or rather lefs.


About Noon efpied


o'Clock


: Suburbs of
came abreaft


of the City on the Eaftern Side of


the River,


in an Ifland formed by the Mi/fifpi and the
Bayoue


New Orlekans, and at









Bayoue St.


7ohn.


City is the Refidence


of Don Miro a


Spanzi


Viceroy,


rium of Louifana and the Indian


and Empo-
Territories


dependent thereon-It lies in almoft an exact


Square.


The


Streets


which


are wide,


fome of them well paved with Brick,


interfed


each


other


Buildings


right


Angles.


are capacious


The


elegant.


public
The


private
dious.


Houfes


Both


generally


Defcriptions


neat


commo-


lie compa&


cover a Space of Ground of rather more than
Half a Mile fquare. As the Situation of


New


Orleans


was


originally


Nothing


more


than an extensive


Inundation


Morals, and fubjed


the Miffifippi,


ceffary to exclude the


Water, by


to the


became


conftru6ting


Dikes from about ten to fifteen Feet in Height,


double


that


Meafure


Width.


The


fteady


Exertions


many


Hands were,


are employed


Bufinefs


notwith-


(landing
broken
fuftained


which,


through,


and c
Influx


Dikes


are sometimes


:onfiderable
of Water in


Damage
ito their


Cellars, Gardens and lower Rooms.


Along a spacious


Canal from


the Bayoue


yohn,


to the


Weftern


Entrance


City,
great


both


Fifh and


Abundance are


Fowl


brought


every


to their


Kind in


Mar-








which


is alfo


supplied


with


frefh


Meats from various other Quarters.


April 7th.


The French and SpanziA


Sub-


jets of 1
therefore,


their


rouzfiana,


are ftri&t


enthufiaftically


religious


fond


Feftivals.


RomanVifs, and


f Pageantry
This I can


avouch from a Proceffion


a crucified


of Yesterday, when


Redeemer was crucified afrefh, in


being represented like a Felon,


in the


Habi-


liment


a refuit.


The


Virgin-Mother was


drefs'd out a-la-mode


Paris


Traitor


7udas,


for political Reafons, appeared in the


Regimental U
under Sentence


uniform


a Spanzi#


Death,


Soldier,


having divul-


ged the Counterfign to the


Enemy


Confi-


deration of a


Bribe.


In this Proceffion


, I observed a young


Ken-


tuckean


who


been


educated


in all


Strianefs


Prefbyterianifm, from


which he


apoftatized,
Methodifm,


ufing each


and
which


Profeffion


embraced


highly


Anabaptifm
t honoured,


alternately,


as Hy-


pocrify


might


with a waxen


fuggeft.
Candle,


He
which


was


presented


devotionally


received


Countenance,


, like the Knight of


joined


woeful


cheating


cheated Throng.


The









On the Morning of the Proceffion, I planted


myfelf
had a


near the


Door


faint Glimpfe of


f the Monaffry, and
the Nuns whilft they


were adjusting


their


Capuchins.


The


Mo-


naftery is near the Centre
remarkable only for its


mistake


is about


The Hospital is fituate in the


Town, and


Length, whi<
wo Hundred


Western


:h if


Feet.
Edge


City,


where


Nothing


interrupts


Ventilation from the Eaft, South and North


unfortunately,


Chearfulnefs


from


as 3f intended
its Manfions,


banifh
Priefts


have


laid


off a Burial


Ground,


which


closed on one Side by the


Front


Wall of the


Building.


The Chapel is in a ruinous State,


and will not be repaired-A new one is ered-


ing, to which, all the internal
of the Old will be transferred.


Decorations


Don


Andrea,


a Catalan,


arrived


New


Orleans about


Twenty


Years ago


" Propt on a Staff, deft
" And hung with Rags


orm'd with Age
that flutter'd in


and Care,
the Air."


For ten


Years paft he hath been the richest


SubjeA in Louifiana or either of the Floridas.


About


three


Years


fince,


)t difguffed


with his Lady, against whom he prayed and
obtained a Divorce a Vinculo Matrimonii, and


Difpenfation from


Archbifhop


ledo,


en-


Tu









ledo,


Primate


Spain and


great Chancellor


Caflile,


for an


incestuous


Marriage


with


ner younger
gence of this
Largefs from


Sifter.
Kind,
the (


procure an


required
offers of


Indul-


a considerable


Mam-


momift.


God,


He is now erecting to the


Atonement of his


Glory


Rafcalities a


fuperb
when


Church


thefe


hall


Hospital.
completed,


Doubt


but that


reminded


know
and ]


how
Fear:


to excite


that


fome


Priefts,
Paffions


other


who


expiatory


Hope
Ads


remain, and
to perform,


which
under


he is indifpenfably


no lefs


bound


Penalty than


having his Soul


liquid
Vanity,


Flames


everlaftingly
>f Hell-fire.


Name and


Pious


damned


foothe


Deeds,


enfculptured over the Front Doors and other
Parts of the Buildings.

Who builds a Church to God, and not to Fame,


" Will


never


mark the Marble with his Name."


POPE.


The


ftaunch


other


tics,
nied


Orleanois


Romanifts,
r religious
I to whom


chriftian


observed
consider


Denominations


they


Burial.


before,


People of
as Here-


not long fince de-


Their Cuffom


was to


throw the Body of


deceafed,


unfhrouded









and uncoffin'd into the Mififippi.


Years ago, an Englijhman,


by the


Not many
Name of


Howard,


influenced


Motives


Huma-


nity, purchased about four Acres of
the Suburbs of the Cityv. and gene


fignec
and
Corp


it as a Burial


Strangers.
fe. The


0


Ground for


Land


.roufly af-


Protefjants


Interment


Grave


was


about


four


Feet


deep.


The


Water rofe within


ten Inches


Surface,


Coffin


was funk


down


with heavy Stones.


Private Adventurers from New- York, Phi-
ladelphia and Baltimore, carry on a tolerable
Trade at this Place-They have an Advance


of Cent per Cent on


their


Goods,


which are


nevertheless


tions.


I could


cheaper than Spanifh


not afcertain


what


Importa-
Impoft is


exated


here,


but imagine it


to be about fif-


teen per Cent ad Valorem.


During


my Continuance


I got acquainted
Fairlamb, whofe


with 1
Name


in New


the celebr2


Orleans,


Lted Major
memorable


from


Circumstance of his


having in


Courfe


War,


with


only


Sixty-


three


Men


in a


Blockhoufe,


withifood and


repulfed General Wayne's whole Brigade.


now


Spain


Survevor-General


in Louifiana.


had an


the King of
ironical Mef-


fage


d


d









fage


from


to General


Wayne,


whom


had not the Pleafure of Seeing, in


through


Route


Georgia.


May


I6th.


Went


nor's Packet at the


on Board


yohn,


Gover-
bound


to Mobille and


Penf/acola.


Bayoue


counted


could


Seventy-three Alligators,


easily take in at one


which


View.


the
The


Tail


part


Animal


yields a


very


tritious
Negroes


Food, and on which, the Indians and


voracioufly


They are eafily


killed


nglut
with


and gormandize.
a Rifle Ball, dif-


charged


about an


Inch below the Eyes-All


other Parts except the Belly, are clothed with


impenetrable


Scales.


The


ufual


Length


thofe I faw, were from fix to ten Feet


fome few are now and then


upwards


Twenty


feen,
Feet.


though


which


mea-


was


formed by an intelligent Spaniard that they


are of the fame Genus with


Crocodile on


the River Nile,


many


which


he had


cally examined in the Courfe of his late


criti-
Tra-


vels.
gers,


Board


Veffel


were


Paffen-


ten miserable Spaniards and a poor Ne-


laden


with


combrous


Chains,


whofe


ceffant clangous


Sounds,


united


with


Heart-


rending Groans, tranfpierced
fadden'd all my Soul. They \


Ear,


vere under the


Care of an Enfign,


whofe


Feelings


appeared


Bayoue


nu-









to be equally wounded


Fate


with my own.


confinement in a


Prifon


Their
Ship,


till they,


with many


others,


now


libou/e


at Mobille, reach their ten


Years gloo-


my Abode in the Copper


Mines,


where


they


will be excluded from the Light of Heaven,
and drag out a miserable Exiftence under the


Iron Rod of ruthlefs Oppreffion, in
unremitting Labour. Providence


hard and


was


kind


to thefe poor Wretches.


At times they were


cheerful, and by no


Means seemed


to antici-


pate the
them.


fubterraneous


Horrors


which


await


I 7th.
polis c


Arrived


Weft Florida.


Pen/acola,


Metro-


There are fome ele-


gant Buildings in this
Palace, Barrack and


Place,
Chapel


particularly the
l. Whilft Pen-


facola


was


Poffeffion


the Britifh


vernment, it was


under an


excellent


Police,


and wore a very different Afpe& from what it


now does


a great


Part


Town


being


in a ruinous State.


Accommodation


There is but one Tavern


Americans


Foreigners, and its Rates are enormoufly high.


Their


Market


is well


supplied


with


aquatic


Productions of


Climate, and


wi


every
th flig


Species peculiar to the


ht


Industry,


might vie


with
Pork,


Northern


with


Markets in Mutton, Beef and


the fuperiour and additional


vantage









vantage


of Venifon.


Perennial


Fruits of all


Kinds, except Apples, they have in the great-
eft Profufion.


Don Arturo O'Neil, Governor of


Pro-


vince
Years


informed


that


Residence in


experienced a


during


Pen/acola,


Moment's


eleven


had never


Sicknefs


that


all the Citizens enjoyed uninterrupted Health,
except the Spanif Garrifon; whofe Mode of


Living,


will, at all


Times,


and in


Places,


produAive of


complicated


Difeafes.


ordinate Ufe of Ardent Spirits and bad Wine,


fuperadded to high feafoned
mifcuous Intercourfe with


Meats and
lewd Wo


pro-
'men,


disorder


moft


robust


Habit


Body.


Immediately


back


Town


lightful
bubbling


Acclivity,


from


Fountains


whence


wholefome,


iffue many


pleafant


Water, filtrated through the Sand which con-


t t *l


e1t


ititutes tne nill. ne upper
Creek Nation trade to this Place,


are uniformly


impofed


upon


and
where
a Mr.


lower
they
Pan-


The


who
poor


hath


Indians


monopolized


their


Trade.


barter their Deer Skins at


fourteen


Pence Sterling per


Pound, for Salt


at nine Shillings
ton is Part Owner


Sterling per
of the Salt


Bufhel.
Works


Pan-


Ifland


n -


1









Ifland


Providence,


it brought


Penfacola


rage t
Bufhel.


own


xpence c
I think


Bottoms,


about


three


at the
Pence


Goods at Mobille,


Ave-
per
Pen-


facola and St. Marks, are generally vended at
about Five Hundred per Cent on their prime
Coft.


After


having fpent about a


Week


in Pen-


Jacola,


experiencing


greater


Civilities


from


Lordfhip


than


my moft fanguine Expec-


stations could have depicted,


an Efcort of eleven


Indians,


I departed
to whom ]


with
was


introduced I
Ambaffador
endeavoured


through
Miles,


1


Incog.


Governor,
This lu<


as an


licrous


to support, during


Wildernefs


by affuming wife


Three


Catonia


Englij
Title I


Paffage,
Hundred


Looks,


with momentous and myftical Concerns.


mock
over


Gravity


forfook


Stage


me whenever


drew


Imagination, a Groupe


old Acquaintance viewing


me in my new and


farcial


Capacity


Ambaffador


from


Court of London to an Indian Emperor.


Indian


dut


I judge)
Parts of


Companions
were much


Drefs,


(from
pleaded


which


their Con-


with


vari-


they would


in my Prefence, try on and


pull off, and pack


away in their


Budgets


always remembering









to make


a Bow


Sir,"


" Tank


which


extorted


from me a


with the Addition of,


men.


Nod


You're


The very ample Stock of


welcome
Rum,


Confent,


Gentle-
Wine,


with


me,
other


was,


which


Governor


with like Ceremony


Parties which


fumed


about


we frequel


three


Days.


had supplied
by them, and
ntly met, con-
In about 20


Miles from Pen/acola we reached the Indian


Boundary, no


Part of their


Territory ever ap-


preaching
Sea-board.


nigher than


that


Diftance


to the


Notwithstanding the natural Ste-


rility of Soil from Penfacola almoft to the Tal-


lizoofee


River,


the Long-leaf'd


Pine,


Hickory


Oak, Poplar, and Walnut Trees grow to their


ufual
Rays


Height,


and proteAt from the fcorching
;un the tall and tender Grafs;


among which Plants, Shrubs and


Flowers of


variegated Hue, and of rare medicinal Virtues,


are interfperfed


a Catalogue of


which


hall


be fubjoined to fome future Page.


7une


Arrived at General M'Gillivray


Houfe,


fituate on


Coufee


River, about 5


Miles above its


Jundtion with the


Tall@oofee,


which
with t
-At


forms


the Alabama


Tombigbee
Mouth


empties into


Name,


which


whofe Confluence


forms the Bay of Mobille.


Mobille


Bay, is ;
, having


River,


Town


only


which
similar


a tranfient


View


w









View, I hall not attempt


a Defcription


only obferve that it is garrifon'd, and from its


Locality, mu
Population,


ft 'ere long furpafs Penfacola, in
Trade and Buildings.-The fer-


tile Grounds upon all the above laft mention-


Rivers are fettled


and fettling by Corn,


Hemp


Tobacco-Makers,


who


have


a nearer and better Navigation to Mobille than
to Pen/acola--add to this the Peltrv-Trade,


B,


which


will trebly exceed that of Tenfacola, as


being nearer to


Hunting-Grounds


from


whence they may have Water-Carriage, except
at one or two places, where a very flight Por-
tage will be neceffary.


On my Arrival at M'Gillivray's where


Indian


Efcort


left me,


was


informed


that


he had juft gone to
the fame River, al


b


his present Refidence:


his upper Plantation, on
out 6 Miles diftant from


Thither I impaired in


Company


with


me with an Indian's


Nephew, who supplied
ftray Horfe.-We had not


ridden
Owner,


before


who,


with a


we unfortunately met the


menacing


Countenance


dered
Hour


Ceremonie,


me to difmount


feized the Bridle and


immediately. --An


's Walk brought me to the Place,


the General


was fuperintending fome


where
Work-


men 1
lifhed


in the
with


Eredion
dormer


of a Log Houfe embel-


Windows,


on the


very


Spot


fans









Spot where his Father refided whilft a Trader


in the Nation.


Here


are fome


pie-trees planted by his Father,


which make a


venerable Appearance, tho' greatly obftruA the
Profpe&t to and from his rural humble Palace.
He received me with Franknefs and Civili-


modeftly enquired into


promised


every


Affiftance


my Bufinefs, and
n his Power to-


wards


Accomodation,


whilft


should


think proper to make his Houfe my Home:-


Do they order


Things better in France ?


This


Gentleman to Appearance is at leaft Five and
Forty, tho' in Fa& only Thirty-two Years of


Age-Diffipation


marked


juvenile Days,


and fapped a


Coniftitution originally delicate


feeble.-He


fubjeEt


habitual


Head-Ach and Cholic, notwithstanding which


Temper is


placid


and ferene,


and at


tervals of Eafe quite joyous.


Atticifm of


He poffeffes an


Di6tion aided by a liberal Educa-


tion,


a great


Fund


Wit


Humour,


meliorated
litenefs.--H


by perfect
is Lady c


Education to which ihe


good


Nature


nfidering the Mode of
was fubjeAed in the


early


Part of Life,


a Model of


Prudence


and Difcretipn


which


olive,


could


be commuted


Complexion,
r the lovely


Tints of red and white, fhe would be


" A Woman lovelieft
"Perfetl in Body, a;


of the lovely
nd complete i


Kind,
n Mind."










Children,


Lady the
Alexander


General
and E


has two lovely


,lizabeth.


They


fpeak the Englifh


Tongue as well as Children


of a similar Age usually do among us.
He has a considerable Number of Negroes


at his


different


Plantations,


probably


more


than Fifty, and common


that


Number in


S


Report
panifh V


fays, double
Veft-India If-


lands
and 1


as alfo


horned


C


large Stocks of Horfes, Hogs,
battle. Two or three White


Men fuperintend theii refpetive Ranges, and


now and then collet them together in


Order


to brand, mark, &c


This


they effeAt by giv-


ing them a little Salt in their Inclofures.


His


Table fmokes with good fubftantial Diet, and
his Side-board difplays a Variety of Wines
and ardent Spirits.-The General encourages
his People in all Kinds of gymnastic Exercifes;


Motives for which


may be eafily


conjec-


tured He invited me to a Ball-Match, about


io miles from his


hips.
feleded


Houfe, between two


Sixty-two alert young F
from each Town. The


Town-


'ellows were


Goals


were


fet up about a Quarter of a Mile apart, near the
Center of an extenfive Campaign or Praire.-


They confift of


the Ground


End,


thro'


blazed


Saplings fixed in


about Io Feet afunder at


which


every


Time


either


either
Party


throws


Ball with


their


Rackets, they are
entitled









entitled
Game 1
Goals, 1


to count one-The


arbitrary.--Midway
Ball is thrown uo


Men,


who are mutually


Number of the


between


alternately by


chofen


the contending


Parties to decide, all Contro-


verifies which
Game-Upon


may


arife


in the Courfe of the


throwing up the Ball a violent


Struggle


enfues


between


Parties


which


sometimes lafts


or io Minutes, before either


Side


can give


it a caft


when


they


there are others of their


Opponents ready to


intercept and give it an adverfe Dire&ion.-
On this Game Property to a very considerable


Amount
Broaches,


is generally


Bracelets,


rifqued,


confifting


Gorgets, Medals, Paints,


Arms and


dical


Form


Ammunition piled up in a pyrami-
. Sometimes their whole Family


Stock of Food and


Raiment


is hazzarded.


A diflocated Joint or fraAured Bone is not un-


common:


Suffer what they may, you'll never


fee an angry Look or hear a threatening Word
among them.


The


Players deveft


themselves of all


their


Cloaths,


except


their


Flaps.


They


ingeni-


oufly difguife themselves with various coloured


Paints and affume


Semblance


Rattle-


Snakes entwin'd about their Legs Thighs and
Arms; whilft fpiral Streaks of red, white, black
and blue, alternately adorn their other Parts.-
The









The vanquifhed Party


immediately


upon


Conclufion


Game,


betake


themselves


to their


Heels, in


Order to avoid the Scoffs


and Ridicule of their boaftful Conquerors.


Our


President,


whilft


M'Gillivray was in


York, complimented him with a Seledtion


of elegantly gilt bound Books


Golden
out the


ders


as alfo with the


Epaulet which he had worn through-


War.


as a great
therefore,


ubies


nual


which


muck


Presents


The latter M'Gillivray
Honor conferred upon


fays,


fine


from


modeftly


"prizes


Gold."


confi-


above


He receives an-


Father


displays


in Scotland,


to his


Friends,


saying, thofe I received from my natural, thefe
from my political and adopted Father.

The Reader is here presented with a Speci-


men of M'Gillivray


epiftolary


Compofition,


extracted from two Letters addreffed to Meffrs.


Boyd


Ker of Richmond, and to Mr. Collin


Douglaf/s of Manchefter, both written in Hafte,


and in


Garrulity


a Circle of


would


many


have


Chieftains,


confused


whofe
other


Man than M'Gillivray.


" Little


Talhifee,


"DEAR SIRS,


Upper Creek Nation,


5tk June,


" MR.
* Abr
" Acknowle


Pope having called here on his Way Home, I em-
ace the Opportunity of making you my warmeft
:dgements, for the polite Attention which you


" were pleaded to thew to
" being with you laft Summer.


me, when I had the Pleafure of
The


New-


I79z.










The Indifpofition with which I
" York, rendered me unable to return


was attacked a
by the Route


" promised myfelf, and induced me to make a Pa:
" neceffary to eftablifh my Health.
In the Hurry of getting out at an early Hour


fflage


t New-
I had
by Sea,


from Rich-


" mond, I forgot to discharge a fmall Account I owed you;
" Not recollecing the exacn amount; but imagine it to be
" within the Compafs of a Guinea; I have given Col. Pope
" one to deliver to you on my Account.
Wiihing you every Profperity, I remain
Gentlemen, your very obliged
Humble Servant,
ALEXANDER M'GILLIVRAY."


" MESS'RS.


BOYD


& KER.


" Upper


Creek


Nation


, 8thA une,


" DEAR


SIR,


" THE Bearer Col. Pope being


on his


Return Homeward,


" I from a Weftern Tour, and learning that he lives
" in your Neighbourhood, I embrace the favourable Oppor-
" tunity to make you and your very accomplished Lady my
" warmest Acknowledgements, for the polite and friendly
" Attention hewn me when on my Tour laft Summer.
The Effects of a severe Indifpofition at New-York rendered
" me incapable of returning by the Route in which I came ;


" and after a tolerable Paffage
" St. Mary's in Georgia.
I felt great Regret that it
" my Refpecds in Perfon, 1


of Manchefter


" Gentlemen


" I hall long remember
" deen," fill vibrates on
That you and your
" Happinefs. and every


" COLLIN DOUGLAM


e of Fifteen Day,
was not in my
to the hofpitablh
and. Richmond:


them--And
my Ear.


" Sweet


s, we landed at
Power to make
e and friendly
but be affured


yim of


accomplished Lady may long en
Profperity, is the With of
DEAR SIR,
Your moft obedient
Humble Servant,
"ALEXANDER M'GILLIVRAY.
SS, ESQUIRE.


Having fpent an agreeable


Time among the


upper


General'
cort to


Creeks,


Horfe,


took
with


the Lower


Towns


Departure on


Overfeer
of Coweta


as an Ef-
. Broken-


Arrow


I79L.


Aber-


Ijoy









Arrow and


Cuffatee.


The two former-lie on


the Weftern, and the latter on the Eaftern Side


Chattakoutchee River,


which


takes


Name
Stone,


from


Indian


and Houtckee,


or infcribed.


This


Words


which


Stone


C/iatta,


signifies marked


lies about 3 Miles


above the


Coweta,


at the Rapids, covered over


with


hieroglyphic


Infcriptions,


which


present
Wefftern


understand.


Race
Side


River,


upon


Grounds of the Cuffatees is a Mount, on whofe
Summit are the evident Traces of a Parapet
sufficiently large to have contained one Thou-


fand Men.


This Mount appears to have been


Work of Ages and of many Hands, being


upwards of


Yards in


Circumferrence at


its Bafe, and about 100 Feet in perpendicular


Height.


Weftern


Side


imme-


diately opposite to the Mount, are the Vefftiges
of a very large and deep Intrenchment, thrown
up in a circular Form by the Anceftors of the


present Race,


as a Defence against a nume-


rous


Tribe of the


Seminolies,


whom the Creeks


after a long and bloody Conteft of


20 Years,


extirminated, and re-peopled the defeated Vil-


lages by
victorious


the oral


flow
Tribe


Emigrations
:s. This Ev


Tradition


from


their own


rent- according to


Creeks,


happened


about Ten Thoufand Years ago,when they had









a Giant-King of molt flupendous


Billy


who


Times


Size,


Dearth,


called
would


flop the Chattahoutchee with his Foot, and di-


vert


Current


over all


neighboring


Fields


That the Alligators got offended at


his Condud, and begged
af rr^ '


t V


their


King to
P* I S i


fnap


oft his great loe; the Lofs of wnlcn pre-
vented him from damming up the Water any
more with that Foot; and fo he died of Grief,


and was buried under the circular


Mount al-


ready mentioned, coil'd up like a Rattle-Snake.


During my Tarriance at the lower Towns,
I formed an Intimacy with the Little King of


Arrow,0


who


intelligent.


is friendly, commu-
Through him; with


the Aid of an Interpreter, I attempted to com-
pofe a fmall Vocabulary of the Creekijh Tongue,


particularly of fuch


Words as moft frequently


occur


common


Intercourfe.


In the


pro-


fecution


this,


enquired of him what Ap-


pellation he had for God ?


Putchehtafjee,


which


he replied, Sa


fignifies


Giver


wgee
and


Taker


Breath:


And pray with what Epi-


thet is your Majefty pleaded to honor the poor


Devil ?


with


Emotions of


replied; there is no Devil:
too much of a Gentleman


vants


Majefty


about


him.


received


Contempt he


God Almighty is
to keep bad Ser-
this Inflant, his


Invitation


a Rum-


Drinking


the Broken


nicative


m


1









Drinking,


which


Opposition to all my Dif-


fuafions, he resolved to honour with his


Pre-


fence.
Match
guous


This


was


hel


to their


Rum-Drinking or Spewing-
d in the public Square, conti-


Hot-Houfe


one


or other


of which Places, as


Seafon


may require,


the Wittenagemote of the DifftriA affemble for


Difcuffion


Subjects,


or military, moral or divine.


hold


their


War


Dances,


whether


Here alfo


display


their


civil
they
Tro-


phies of War, and keep'their annual


called the Bufk.


mences


about


the


Feftival


This Feftival generally com-
e middle of 7uly, upon the


Difcovery


ripen'd


Corn,


grand Epocha of the Creeks. All the Male
Clafs who have attained the Age of Puberty,
religiouflv abitain from all Intercourfe with


.- .. --.--- -


the other Sex, and every Kind of Suftenance,


except Water, for
the Cathartics and


three


Days;


Emetics


the3


which
I then


low, are called the Days of Purgation.


from
fwal-
Thus


cleaned


from


Impurities of


the former


Year, they extinguish ev
throughout their Diftrit,


ery


Particle of Fire


and rekindle more


by the Frition of a round SaJfafras Stick, in an
Augur Hole bored into a Piece of dry Poplar.
This Relighting of the Fire. is performed by


their
cated


Cd communi-
Chief Prieft or Sackim, and communi-


Torches


to the


After or


Miftrefs


__


w -- -- -- -- -


I









of each refpecive Family.


This done, a mul-


tifidous Mefs of


new Corn,


cooked


over


new Fire, is brought in
Square, and distributed


to


Centre


with great Formality


among the Guefts, agreeable to Seniority and


Rank, by old
that Purpofe.
rife UD with


Men


Women


deputed for


When the Repaft is over, they


one


Content,


with


many


ftrange Gefticulations and loud


Shouts of In-


dian


Triumph,


dance


down


Sun,


Moon,


and Seven Stars.
Day throughout


At the Clofe of almost every


Year,


about


or 20


principal Townfmen affemble


Square,


for the Purpofe of giving or receiving the moft
recent Intelligence, whether foreign or do-


meftic,


which if important, is reported to their


grand Council, and


Affembly,


whofe


by them


to the


Decrees


National
Occasion,


are generally ratified


by their


Emperor,


has Power alfo of rejecting them.- -The Creeks
consider Fornication as a Faux Pas or venial


Crime at


molt


to the


Sons and


Daughters who commit Adultry


: Vengeance


in a fwift Career purfues them and cannot be


appeared, but


the Aggreffors.
Crime, about 5


by the corporeal


Upon
or 60


repair to a Thicket,
with Hickory Clubs;


Sufferance of


Detetion


Perfons of


and fupply tl
his done, the


each Sex,
hemfelves
Men de-


termine









termine upon the Meafure of


Punifhment


inflicted


on the


Woman


Women to decide upon the Man's.


permit the
They then


separate,


brandishing


their


Clubs


Men


in Queft of the


Woman, the Women in Queft


the Man.


The


Adultrefs when


found,


feized upon, and ignominioufly dragged into a


Circle


formed


by -the


Men,


who


beat


with their Clubs till fhe can no


longer ftand


whilft


vengers


extended


proceed


on the


to doek her


Ground, the A-
Hair, crop her


Ears, and flit her Noifrils


of all this her Ina-


morato, is made an
sometimes an Agent


similar
his fair
here m,


unwilling
; who, in


T
'I


Difgrace in the Circle of
Dulcinea looking on.
mentioned are the highest


;pe6Lator, and
"urn, suffers a
the Women,
What I have
Punifhments


they ever inflift, even upon the moft atrocious


Offenders.-Sometimes


they


difpenfe


with


cropping their


Ears and flitting the Noftrils,


and content


themselves,


with


giving the


fender a found Drubbing and a ihort Dock:-
This Lenity was extended a few Days ago to
a Mr. Patrick Murpky,who plead Juftification;


alledging that he w
of their Ufages and


ras


La


a Foreigner, ignorant
ws; that the Woman


was no Chriftian, having never been baptized


and that


not having the Fear of God before


her Eyes
accidental.


what


had done was altogether









If the Club


Bearers


ever relinquish, or lay


down their Clubs through any Mifhap or Ne-


ceffity


before they encircle the ObjeA of their


Vengeance, they dare not refume them again,


as it is prefumed,


that


it was to


ordered


their God, in tender Mercy to the Delinquents,
who are accordingly acquitted of that Offence.


Upon the Deceafe of an Adult of either


Sex,
e^CA


the Friends and Relations of the Decedent re-


ligioufly colleA whatever he or the


held


moft


dear in Life, and inter them clofe by and fome-


times


their


Owner's


Grave.


This pious


Tribute to their Dead includes Horfes, Cows,


Hogs and Dogs, as well as
A Girl of about 16 Yea


Days


Things inanimate.


rs


Age


before I left the Nation.


died a


She had


procured from a Spanzih Officer at Penfacola,


a likely Boar-Pig of the Spantih Breed,


which


brought
until h


Home,
; waxed


and cherished in her Bo-


firong,


ufeful Member in his Generation.


became an
Now when


her Brethren, and the young Men of the Land,


perceived ti
arofe up and


him.


Ille


Damfel


was dead


they


purfued after the Boar and flew


And a certain young Man of the Houfe
fenekaw flood up in the Midit of the


Congregation,


unto my


Lord the King and unto the Elders and Chief


Men of the Land, and fay unto


them,


Verily








Boar of


the Arrows of the


Chattaloutchee is flain
Sons of Ninewaw is


fallen


departed


And
d and


they faid unto him Go


I


went


A


unto the King, and


nd he
unto


Elders and


reported all th


Chief


Men of the Land, and


efe Things; saying, Ve


.rily the


Big Boar c
Arrows of


)f Chattakoutchee is flain, by the
the Sons of Ninfewaw is he fallen.


And when the King and the Elders and Chief
Men heard thereof, they drank firong Drink


and grew exceeding Wroth, faying
of the Boar be upon the Head of


the Blood


thofe,


who


have wrought
wift not that


this
the


Evil


Damfel


Coweta; for they
was dead This


extraordinary Circumftance extorted from me
an Epitaph on the Damfel and the Boar, who


are now


Jointenants of one Grave.


Beneath this Turf a Woman,


buried with a


Boar;


Which to all Sows was common,
As /he to all Men, Whore.


The
ing of
licious


Creeks regularly make a Burnt Offer-
what they conceive to be the moft de-
Parts of every Animal taken in Hunt-


ing, before they prefume to tafte a Mouthful


The


Parts


they


commit to


Flames are


proportioned
bably about


fill lefs
fmalleft


to the Size of the Animal, pro-


2 or 3


from a Buffalo,


in a regular gradation


Quadrupede,


Fifh


down
Bird.


to the
The







(
The Creeks like


the Otakeiteans as menti-


oned in


Cook's


Voyages,


have


a Cuftom


Tatowing themselves, and probably upon fimi-


lar Principles.


The


young and


both


Sexes


undergo this Operation in Silence, and


without the leafi muscular


Diffortion.


I faw


it performed upon a Child of 4 Years old, who


when


released


gave a


Shout, and


faid,


now


"I'm a Man, and a


Warrior too.


Thofe who live in


Townfhips are


Tenants


in Common of large extensive Fields of Corn,


Rice


Potatoes,


which


commonly


lie on


the fat low-Grounds


fome


River


convenm-


ent to their


Towns.


The Cultivation of the Soil and almost every
domestic Drudgery are impofed upon their Wo-


men, who are lefs prolific than ours


owing to


their


hard


Labour and


; probably
exceflively


coarfe and fcanty Diet.


A long rainy Seafon


had rendered


their


Fields fo quaggy that all


Cultivation was impradticable


they durfi not


even venture to cut down the tall rank
which towered above their Corn. In


Weeds
this ge-


neral Diftrefs an old Conjuror, of the Name of


Senetahawgo flept forth into


Square, and


thus harrangued the listening Crowd:
" Men &' Warriors of Coweta, Broken-Arrow & Cuffatee,


"THE gr
ning and of


'eat God


Thunder and Light-


Rain, who stands upon the aerial
Battle-









Battlements of Heaven, hath raised his angry


terrifonous


flashing


Voice,


from his


with


Eyes,


Lightnings


hath rent the Bofom


the Clouds


He hath hidden the Sun be-


hind the Moon, and covered her Face with


Bear-Skin


With the


Tails of numerous Bea-


vers,


hath


have been


concealed
Traitors


the twinkling Stars!
to our God, to Hit


po ilk Meco, to Lauco


Wafiington


have


rejected the good Talk of Hippo ilk Meco, and


listened to the lying


have infringed the
ington in ftealing I


Talk of


Treaty with Lauco


-orfes from


Wajf-


Children


Our young


Men


refufe to hunt :-their Guns


are ruity and their Hatchets dull!


their


Horfes,


Cloaths and


filver


They fell
Ornaments


for Rum.


Our


Women


laugh at us and re-


fufe to work


they are Proftitutes and fuckle


Children


white


Men


Our


Men


worfe


than


ards:-Our


the Excrement of Dogs or Spani-
Women viler than the Urine of


Pole-Cats or the


Vomit


Buzzards


thefe Caufes are our


Fields drenched by the


angry Clouds of the Firmament.
When will the gladfome Rays of Sol return


and deficcate our flooded Fields?
till in Duft and Afhes we repent,


never


and forfake


our evil
confefs


Ways.


Men


Warriors,


Faults and amend our Manners


Cherokees!








and then Sawgee PutchekaJfee will forgive us,
and bid the Sun to ihew himself, and with a
genial Warmth revive our drooping Corn.--
My Sons, I'm very old and chilly; the Mar-


row


Bones is dry, and fcarcely creeps


the Blood along thefe Veins, which once in
rapid Currents flow'd-I want a Keg of Rum.
-My Daughters, I have failed for three Days


Nights, and


invoked


God


your


Behalf.--I am hungry as a Wolf.--I
eat fome Hog and Hominy."


want to


A plaintive dull Monoty conifitutes the vo-


M ufic


Creeks.


They are paffion-


ately fond of infirumental


that of the


Mufic,


Violin, to which like


particularly
Perfons bit-


ten by the Turantula, they will dance


for fe-


veral Hours without the leaft Intermifhion.

No People under Heaven are more attached


to, or fwerve lefs from,


the Cuftoms of


their


Anceftors than the Creeks.


Whether this At-


tachment originates in filial Piety, or in Igno-
rance I cannot determine: Butasa Clue for Con-
jeAure, let me relate their Mode of Cropping.

They plant their Corn in Holes at an une-


qual, tho'


never greater Diflance than


Tobac-


co Hills, from one another.


Twenty or thirty


Grains are


frequently thrown


an Hole


which








which


produce


as many


earlefs


Stalks, and


which they will upon


no Confederation fuffer


to be thin'd.


They fay a


plough


is nothing


but a Horfe-trap, and


therefore never


ufe it,


- -


contenting themselves with light Weeding
Hoes, with which they barely fcalp the graffy


Surface of their Fields.


Fork


Rail


Fences


keep out horned Cattle.


Their Inclofures are
juft high enough to
Whilft their Crops


are in the Ground they tether out their Horfes,


Hogs &c, t
they have


Spring


0


Trees, Stumps and Stakes.


Tho'


numerous limpid Streams of excel-


Water gufhing from their River


Banks, yet like old Seneca they prefer the tepid
Waters from their Creeks and Rivers. They
fcarcely ever weed, hill, prime, top or fuccour


their
green


Tobacco, and always cut and cure it very


over a hafty


blaft of


Fire,


as they do


their Killicanic or Sumac Leaves, which when


mixed


with


Odour from


Sumac


Tobacco,
the Pipe.
Tobacco,


emit a moft delightful


This


Preparation


Indians constantly


fmoke, and consider


as a fovereign Remedy in


all cephalic and pectoral Complaints.


The


Creeks


in approaching the Frontiers


of Georgia, always encamp on the right Hand


fide of


Road


or Path,


affigning the


as ominous, to the Larve or Ghofts of


left,
their


departed Heroes who have either unfortunate-
ly





-1


_I








ly loft their Scalps, or remain unburied.


.The


Ghoft of an


Hero


either


Predicament,


refused Admittance into the Manfions of Blifs,
and sentenced to take up its invifible and dark-


fome


Abode,


the dreary


Caverns of


Wildernefs


until


the Indignity hall be reta-


liated on the Enemy, by fome of his surviving
Friends.


Agriculture among the Creeks is little
derftood and lefs Dra&ifed.-I know of


J.


un-


but


one Man in the


whole


Nation,


who


poffeffes


tolerable


called


Industry, and


the Bully,


that is a private Citi-


who from a very hum-


ble Beginning hath accumulated an eafy For-


tune, confifting <
Property, viz. Of


men and


Negro


26 Children.


following SJ
ies, 16 Men,
Of Horfes,


species of
1o Wo-


Studs,


32 Geldings, I
black Cattle, 19
and 132 Calves.


Mares and


Bulls, 58


Colts.


Steers,


Cows,


Of Hogs about 300 Head


besides Houfhold Furniture, Peltry and Store


Goods, to a very considerable Amount.


Two


likely young


20, are


Wenches between


the only Children


the Ages


the Bully


has, and from his advanced Age, its probable
he will never encreafe the Number. It is
faid the Black Dog is a Man of Property, tho'
a moft egregious Sot and Sluggard.-I once
faw his Majefty in a Puddle of his own Ex-


crement








ment and Urine,


which


attra&ed


Swarms of


Span if


Flies


Beetles,


whofe constant Buzz


had lull'd him into fweet Repofe.


The


Pow-


ers of their


Kings appear to be very circum-


fcribed and nearly on a


Par with


thofe of


common


County


Magiftrate


with


us, the Li-


mits


their refpe&ive


sometimes
a Spot of


confined


Governments


to a tingle


Ground not more than


being


Township, or


Ten Miles


Square.


M' Gillivray who


is perpetual


Dic-


tator,


Time of


War 'fubdelegates a Num-


ber of Chieftains for the Direftion


litary


Operations


when


of all
War


con-


eludes,
martial


they,


Compenfation


Atchievements, are


their


invefted


Di&ator


fedes


with


civil


the hereditary


Authority


Powers of


which


their


fuper-
Demi-


Kings.
June


29th.


The


Little


King


of the Brok-


en-A rrow


returned


following


with


a literal


furnished


Catalogue <
Tranflation


f Indian
to each


me with
Words,


Darifoux, Linguift to the Lower


Sawgee Putchekaffe, God, or the
Giver and Taker of Breath.
Hippo ilk Meco, M'Gillivray, or
the good Child King.
Honuntauckee. Do. or the


great Man.
Chuloehawjo,
wood.
Chuketawbe, tl
Mecokawjo, thi


the mad


Light-


he dry Pine.
e mad King.


Creeks.


Sow a ki gee, Lie by his Side.
Cowawigee, Mr. Thomas Kerr,
or the Little Partridge.
Illefenekaw, the Baboon.
Chulfenekaw, the mad Dog.
Ninewaw, lie in the Path.
Senetehamo. wait for the Dav.


efcaped from his


Pu/tcAefua


IuleJiga, he
Enemy.
Aifs Sukee,










Putchefua, An axe,
Waweaw Nunnowaw,


Chutkfacvu.
Hatchee, a C


A tchee,


Hoffcu.ff
Etcwoo, a
Toatloa,
Ak Hifte


Corn.


a Bridle.
:reek.


a Bull.


a Child.
Deer.
an Eye.
e, my Friend.


Cappo took, an
Chatto, Iron.


Meco, a
Ocunna,
Ife Hat
If/e Ch.
Man.
Itee Li
Man.
Hoakta,
Stignee,
Catcha,
Chitloc,
Itchca,


King
Land
kee, a
iutee,

ufe,


white Man.
an Indian


or red


a negro or black


a Woman.
an Owl,
a Panter.
an Horfe.
Gun.


Slaufcau, a
Cappo, a Co
Caffo Lauce
Chautee, Bl


Stillipiga,


Toatk
Tofee


Knife.
'at.


a great


ood.


a Moccofon


a tree.
fa, Fire.
na. Bacon..


Wawcaw Pisfee
Wawcaw Piffee
WawcawPiffee
Tuckaira. Bre


1


OckcAaunfwaw,


Hafwaw,,
Hafnilcaw


Coat.


Shoe


, Milk.
Nehaw, Butter.
Tuckaliga, Cheefe
id.
Salt.


Penes.
t. Tefticuli.


C/ulua, Pudendum Muliebre.


Hiefka, Faminam
Pijfee, the Breaft.
Epha, a Dog.
Epha Hoakala, a B
Nawenfree, a Bear.


Chawcauwaw,


fubagitare.


iitch.


a Goofe.


Futchu, a Duck.
Pinnua, a Turkey.
Ilklo, a Squirrel.


Fufwa
Chofee,
ChofocA
Wootcoo


w, a Bird.
a Sheep.
ee, a Hare or little Sheep


Racoon.


uka, a Hog.
vka Hatkee,
white Hog.


Telafo, a
Ponunga,
Ninnce


an Opoffum


Town.
an Indian Talk.


the Way ?
Ife na afcha ?
going?
Na afcha Pea


Matteed

where


nfacola,


ing to reniacoia.


fe nata ifca
come from ?


is this

are you


I am


where did


Nata efca New Oltkans,
from New-Orleans.
Wee Hummee, Rum, c
Water.


Fo in Chumra,
in Sweetnefs.
iNetta Hfaffe, th
NVetle Htafee, th
Cocheechumba, a
Tuflaniga, a W


I came

)r fitrong


a Bee, or

e Sun.
te Moon.
Star.
arrior.


Telawgo
River from


HatcheL, P
a Bay of


ea Creek,


great


Extent


Chaulee
between


Hatchee, Red
St. Marks and


Penfacola.
Wee launco Haichee,
in Sight of Penfacola.


Wee Lufee,
ter River.
Wee Hatkee,


Water


yellow water River, makes


black Water Creek, empties into


white


Water


Creek, empty into


Bay of Penfacola.


Creek, and


Conakee


Hatchee,


a large Bay


yellow


Wee Cufappee,


which forms the


Took


, a


o,


rf








Took


Departure


from


Nation


Company with


a Mr.


yokn


Turvin,


who


Courfe of the laft War, to efcape the Perfecu-


tion of the Georgians, fled for
the Britifa Standard, where he


ProteCtion to
:continued till


the Surrender of St. Auguftine, from whence
he repaired to the Creek Nation, took a Wife,


and commenced a Trader.


is a friendly


honest


Man,


though


very irritable


when


conceives the leaft Indignity


offered


to him.


To footh his captious


Temper which involved


both


and me


in frequent


Difficulties, I


Recourfe


to Adulation, fuch as, I'm fur-


prifed Mr. Turvin, that a Gentleman of your
good Senfe should condefcend to word it with
fuch low-liv'd Wretches !-You, who have


been 4
Officer
Fie!


1


I *


.1 7% *tfl


educated in tne trlttzt L.amp, among
rs of the firft Rank and Dignity !-Fie!
For a Gentleman to put himfelf upon a


Level with fuch Cattle!


7une


30oth.


Late in the Evening we arriv-


ed at an old


on the Banks of


dred


Miles


from


defeated Indian


Flint


River,


Village,
near an


Chattakoutchee, with


fituate
Hun-
which


it unites, and empties into the Ocean 50 Miles


South
from tl
fettling


Marks. -About


Chattakoutchee


Place.


Families


Townfhips are


The


Rains


forced the River out of its Banks and rendered
it


yr







it impaffable


to Mr.


Turvin' s


Horfes which


were loaded with Beaver-Skins.


In this


plexity two young Fellows very opportunely
came up and proffered their Affiftance in the


Confirution of a Raft, compofed of the


Tim-


bers


from


the old


Village


Houfes. -When


we had


croffed


Stream,


they proposed


going with us as far as the federal Fort on
the Oconee, to which we readily affected, and
found them very tradable in rendering every
poffible Aid in similar Predicaments.


July


Encamped


on the


Banks


Ock-


mulga about 30 Miles from Flint. Here alfo
we had Recourfe to our Indian Friends for an-


other Raft


as well as a Shelter from a moft vio-


lent Rain which was then defending.


They


foon


conftruted


Logs, the
Ockmulga


latter


both
with


unites with


Alatamaha


which


the former with


Bark


the Oconee,
empties int


Pines.-
and forms
o the Sea


North of St. Mary's River, and is navigable
for Veffels of 40 or 50 Tons Burthen 300 Miles


from its Mouth.


Late in the Evening arrived


at, and continued on the Banks of the Oconee,


which


our


was impaffible


Proviffions


were


exhausted,


Days.-Here
and Turvin


and myfelf appeared like Men without Hope,
having left all our Ammunition on the South


Bank


Ockmulga at our


Encamp-


ment









ment. We communicated our Diftrefs and
Misfortune to our Indian Friends. They
fmiled at our Perplexity, and without inform-


ing u!
differ
turned
about
fared
finemi


s of their I
ent Routes,
d, one with
a Peck of
fumptioufly
ent.


intentions, immediately took
and in about 3 Hours re-
an Opoffum, the other with
Turtle Eggs, on which we
during our two Days Con-


July Early in the Morning we diverted
ourselves of all our Cloathing, and confined it
on the Tops of the Beaver Packs; then each


Man with one end of a long
his Horfe's Neck, and hole


his left
fwam to
and volt
imitated


Love of F
ing braved
which was
Width, we
Nags, and
deral Fort
about xo 1
croffed, an<
ing. At tl


Hand, plunged
the opposite Sho
antary Attempt


I


into
re.
we


what Caefar did thro


ame,


I


Oconee'
then
refum
in 2 H
on the


Miles


vnen can a
s rough, roc
upwards
ed our Dr
our's Time
Eaftern B;
below the


Rope tied round
ing the other in
the Stream and
In this hazardous
in fome Meafure
ugh Accident and
Lway. Thus hav-
:ky, rapid Stream
of 200 Yards in
efs, mounted our
reached the Fce-


ank
Pla


1 2 Miles below the
ie Fort I continued 4


of the
ce whe
Rock
Days;


invited by Major Call, Capt. Rudolph,
Martin and Enfign Clay to fpend the


River,
re we
Land-
being
Lieut.
Anni-


verfary


w








verfary of American Independence with them.


The


Rejoicings of


Day were


ufhered in


by the Difcharge of Mulketry and Cannon
under the Dire&ion of skillful Officers in each
Department, at whofe Expenfe a genteel Din-
ner was provided under a spacious Booth; to


Participation


tlemen
veral f


from


sentimental


of which, Ladies and Gen-
Country were invited. Se-
Toafts suitable to the Celi-


brity of the Day were drank, and at 6 o'Clock


Company


repaired


to a large


Room


Town and partook of an excellent Supper, af-
ter which, with the Introdulion of Minuets,


Cotillions and Country Dances, the


Evening


was closed to the entire fatisfadion of all Par-


Occasion


Major


Call with his


ufual P
panions
lift into
that a


,


3litenefs


invited my two Indian Com-


who expreffed


a strong Defire to en-


our service, in which they concluded
Man might wear fine Cloaths and fare


fumptuoufly every Day.


The Town lies about


half a Mile below the Fort, and the Buildings
at both Places, confift of very rough, flight


Materials, as if


intended


merely to


answer a


temporary Shelter for a few Sojourners


The


Citizens however like other Southern People,


are indolent,


luxurious, fond of gaudy Appa-


rel and pompous Equipage. Hither the Creek
Indians, fince their late Treaty with Congrefs,


bring


their


Peltry,


Furs,


Barter


Weft












Weft-India and European Goods to the almost
entire Exclufion of their former Merchants at
Mobile, Pen/acola and St. Marks.--In Dig-
ging a Well at this Place near the River Bank,
the Workmen discovered many Strata of white


black


friable


Loam,


which


are ap-


propriated to three several Ufes,viz: the white
for Starch, the black for Soap and the red for


common
Curiofity


Pail
of


induffrioufly


nt.


The latter Kind excited the


an Indian fo
employed nf


that I law him


ear an Hour, in


Collection of about a dozen Pounds which he
carefully packed away in his Paint-bag.


July


. Took


leave


Place


about


Io o'Clock, and


Evening


arrived at, and


mall


Township


paffed through Wajington, a
fituate on the South Side of


Oguechee River, at the upper End of the Falls,


and moved on to another


little


Town about a


Mile below it on the North Side, at the mouth


of the Falls.


only a tranfient


View of


thefe


little


Towns,


which


been very lately erected
fore cannot be expected.


about


I appeared to have
a Defcription there-


At Sunfet,.encamped


half a Mile from the Road, convenient


a Spring,


on whofe


little


Stream,


Horfes met with


moft delightful


tender vir-


gin Cane.
the Lord's


Here I undertook to teach Turvin


Prayer,


which


Loon


learned,
having


our








having, as he faid, had fome little Smattering
of it before he went to the Creek Nation and
married a damn'd Heathen. After a fhort


Repofe in order to


Noon,


we arofe,


4


avoid t
collected


he fultry


our


Heat of


Horfes,


purfued our Journey till
Day, when we halted and


io o'Clock the


refrefhed


next


ourselves


and Nags till 3.
Battle Ground


feated


by the


o'Clock we paffed the


where
Creeks,


Turvin
previous


been


to our


War


with


Britain.


The


Recollection


former


Difafters rendered him somewhat phlegmatic;
but when at 6 we came in Sight of the Houfe
in which he had been born and raifed to Man's
Eftate, and from which he had been driven


His lab' ring


Breaft inton'd a fullen


" And Melancholy marked him


for hi


Moan,
er own."


What's
be melai


the Matter my Friend, you appear to
ncholy ? Oh! no Nothing, in parti-


cular :-I was thin
the Lord's Prayer.


Why, that


Hiking about fome


What


Parts


Parts my Friend ?


Part where it fays "as


them that trefpafs again/I us," its very good I
agree, but by G-d I don't think it will ever
be in my Power to comply with it.


Encamped within I


Metropolis of


next


Miles of Augufta, the
and entered it early


morning.-Here my Friend


forgive


Georgi,a


Turvin









and I feparated, with mutual Expreffions of Re-
gret, and folemn Affurances of lasting Friend-
(hip, and future Remembrance. He wifhed me


Health,


Peace


Competence, and advised


that whenever I should encamp in the Woods,
always to raife a good Fire, and fleep with my
Feet next to it. I wifhed him the like, and


recommended to his particular


Lord's


Attention


Prayer, as the beft Dire&ory that was


ever given to man.

The Soil, from Penfacola to Augufta, except
upon the Water Courfes where it is very fertile
wears the gloomyFace of uniform Sterility; tho'


being in a mild


Region, is more ProduAive


than Ground of a fimilar Appearance


ginia.


-I was much pleaded with AugufLa and


its high level Situation, but more fo with her
Citizens and the reputable Families in its Vi-


cmnage.


Previous


Arrival here


was


told by common Fame,


a great


propor-


them


confifted


from the northern States


* infolvent Refugees
: but this is not the


only Inflance in which her


Ladyfhip


hath di-


viated from the Line of Truth and


Candour.


Influenced


fome


Nabobs


the Modern


Colchis, fhe hath alfo mifreprefented the whole


State of Georgia, together with all Perfons and
Things whatsoever, unto her belonging or in


any wife appertaining.


Vir-


V Y


*








A wonderful Spirit for Building feems to
have permeated every Rank and Clafs of Peo-


pie in and about this


Place--A


fine elegant


Bridge of superior Strenth to any of its Size I


ever faw, fitretches itself


over the noble River


Savannah,


right abreaft


it is navigable for


Veffels


Town,


50 or 60


where
Tons


Burthen. The Bridge, together with many
fine Houfes now ereded and erecting here and


in its Neighbourhood,


honor to


Augufta,


which will e're long vie with, if not eclipfe
the former Seat of Government, in Buildings,
Population, Trade and Commerce.--The Au-
guifians are remarkable for their Generofity and
Politenefs, the EffeAs of which, I as a Stranger
particularly experienced, at the Hands of two


profeffional


Gentlemen,


Meffrs


Smeldt


Wil-


liamfon. --During my


Continuance


in this


Neighborhood,


paid


a Vifit to


his Excel-


lency William


Telfair,


the present Governor of


the State. He appeared to be aworthyhoneft
Man, endowed with plain good Senfe and great
Simplicity of Manners. I am told that he is
an Encourager of Agriculture and Mechanics,


a good Moralift and bounteous


Benefa&or to


meritorious


Poor


Indigent.


After


having fpent an agreeable Time at this Place,
in the Society of both old and new Acquain-


tance,


proceeded


down


the River in a long


Keelbottomed


decked


Boat,


laden


with


Hogfheads









Hoglheads of Tobacco, and several Thoufand
Pounds Weight of various Kinds of Peltry, &c.
This Boat had a decent Cabin sufficiently large


for the


Accommodation


the Captain and


myfelf.
Juft below Augufja large extensive Corn and


Tobacco


Fields


commence,


from


their


Luxuriance


Growth,


evince the amazing


Fertility


Soil.


Beeck


Ifland


Plantations of


Meffrs Bugg and


Watkins, I


faw Cornfields of equal, if not superior Growth
and Produftion, to the beft Spots in Kentuckey.
On the 4th Day of our Paffage from Auguf/a,


we anchored abreaft of


Ebenezer,


an old incon-


fiderable and


declining Village, fituate on an


high commanding Bluff, on the Georgian Side,


from whence runs off a great


Extent of level,


very fandy, piney barren Land-Here the


Britif Troops, whilft in Poffeffion


nak in 1779, eftablifhed a


Garrifon


Savan-
about


1500 Men, aided by a good Train of Artillery,
strong Fortifications and deep Intrenchments,


which


however were


no Impediment to


rapid Career of General


Wayne, at the


Head


of his victorious Myrmidons.
At Break of Day weighed Anchor and pro-


ceeded down to a Col. M---e's


on the


North


Side of the River, in Order to land fome Dry


Goods for a neighboring Gentleman.


Previ-










ous to my


Arrival at his


Houfe,


Captain


given


me a particular Detail of his puni-


tory Inflidions, on the


Tories and others dur-


ing the laft War, all which he carried on under


the fpecious Pretext of his being a
cer in the American Service: tho'


Whig-Offi-
in Fad no-


thing


more


than


a common


Free-booter.


ever remember the Voice and patibulary,


Cain-like Countenance of


the Man,


when the


Captain


introduced


to me.


Tho'


he is


very uxorious of his


prefent


Spoufe, and ten-


der of her Offspring, yet common Report does
not hefitate to fay, that he dispatched his for-


mer Wife and


deadly


only Son, by a Bowl


Poifon,


which


he impofed


ftrong
upon


them as a Dofe of Indian Phyfic.


" A Rugged Wight the worit of Brutes
" On his own Fellow-Creatures ruthless
" The fironget lie, the weakest over-rai
" And o'er each Band of Brother-Robbr
" For Guile and ruffian Force were all h
" His Life a Scene of Rapine, Want an
" Swift as an Indian Arrow Blood to fhi
"And caufe the Ornhan's. Widow's Tei


K,


-OR THU


this Man
prey'd
ers fway'd;
his Trrde :
dWoe;
ed
ars to Flow."


S:-


Dame Nature once produced a Dunce,
Her plastic Art to ihew,
And o'er his Head, replete with Lead,
A brazen Helmet threw.
2
With folid Block from Mountain Rock,
Hew'd out with little Art,
She tho't the heft, to fill his Cheft,
And represent a Heart.


Thus


I










Thus Head and Heart,


the did impart,


Adapted to the Size.
Of this huge Breaf, who stands confeR,
A Bug-bear to our Eyes.


His Wife and Son, he firft feiz'd on,
And foon depriv'd of Breath;


His


tortured Slaves next found their
And feal'd their Woes in Death.


Graves,


The Tory Herd next felt his Sword,
Diftain'd with Human Gore;
And heard the Cry of Traitor die,
Beneath the Hand of M---e.


ly 2oth.


Early in the Morning weighed


Anchor, and took a final


Iniquity. -Before


Adieu
dread


Tribunal


Almighty


God he muft e're long appear, and


receive his


final Doom


....... May the Lord


have


Mercy


on his


Soul


.... At


Noon


paffed a fmall and almost


depopulated Town,


on the North Side of the River, called Purzf-


burg,
man-


which was once to Savannah, what


Town


is now to Philadelphia.


Ger-


Late in the


Evening of this Day, our Pilot run our Veffel


aground, oppofite to the Seat of


the late Ma-


jor General
4 o'Clock P


Greene,


where we continued unti


of the succeeding


Day,


when


with 'Difficulty we got afloat, by the Affiftance


of the General'


Slaves,


Here begin on both Sides of the River very


extensive


Fields of


Corn,


Rice and


Indigo,


convenient to


which


are Mills,


Vats,


manufac-










manufacture


Produce:-- but


when


turn my View toward the numerous Herds of


poor miserable


Slaves,


whofe Powers of Body


are worn down amidft Stripes and


Infults, in


clearing


Woods and


draining


Marfhes,


very Soul revolts and fickens at the

Many and fharp the numerous Ills'
Inwoven with our Frame!
More pointed fill we make ourselves,
Regret, Remorfe and Shame.
And Man, whofe Heav'n-ereded Face
The Smiles of Love adorn,
Man's Inhumanity to Man
Makes countlefs Thoufands mourn!
See yonder poor o'er-labour'd Wight
So abjedt, mean, and vile,
Who begs a Brother of the Earth,
To mitigate his Toil;
And fee his lordly Fellow- Worm
The poor Petition fpurn
Unmindful, tho' a weeping Wife
And helplefs Offspring mourn !
Oh Death! the poor Man's deareft Frie
The kindeft and the beft:
Welcome the Hour my aged Limbs
Are laid with thee at Reft!
The Great, the Wealthy fear thy Blow,
From Pomp and Pleafure torn;
But oh! a bleft Relief to thofe
That weary-laden mourn.


Thought.


and,





Burn's Poems.


From this Place to Savannak, the Eye is de-


lighted


with


a continued


Succeffion of beau-


teous Farms and elegant Buildings, inhabited
by gay and liberal Proprietors, who in general


Sat*


n r a


appear to be of french ExtraCtion.-Came
abreaft of the City about 8 o'Clock at Night,
and altho' denied the Light of Moon or Star,
yet






(

yet a tall white fandy


public


Bluff


Wharf, served as a


attiguou
Pharos


to the


to direct


our Veffel fafely into Port.

Early the next Morning took Breakfaft, and
engaged Lodgings at the CityCoffeeHoufe,and


then fauntered till 10o o'Clock


thro


' the


moft


public Parts of the City, in order to fee, or be
feen by, fome old Friend or Crony, who might
probably be engaged upon a fimilar and equal-


important


Bufinefs


with


myfelf.


To my


great Joy, the firft Perfon that faluted me was
Col. Jofepk Haberflam, a Gentleman who in
the Courfe of the laft War, had been a Refugee


County


tided,


of Am/erf?,


and got acquainted


where


with


then re-


him. -He is


a Gentleman of ftriAt Honor and Integrity, a
fafe Companion, and an eafy Friend, and tho'
a Mortal, he cannot be altogether exempt from
the Failings of Humanity, yet few and trivial


as they are, they always
By this Gentleman I


' lean to Virtue's Side.'
was introduced to Ge-


neral
merely


M'lntojk,


acquainted,


with


whom


whilft on


the grand Army in the North.


been


Way to join
As an Officer


he is too generally known to require any


comium


from my Pen


but as a private Citi-


zen is a moft excellent
He is defcended from


Model


for the State.


a very antient Family


in Scotland.


Father who


was a famous


Chieftain








Chieftain of a numerous
remarkable for his Valo


Highland


Clan, and


,ur, and that rare


Vir-


a Soldier,


called Temperance, fell in


Battle,


whilft our Hero was


yet a Minor, and


bequeathed


thofe


Virtues to his Son,


with an


Injuntion on him to fettle in America as foon


as he should attain the


Age


of 21.


His Mother


whofe Chriftian Name wasFortune did not long


furvive her Hufband.
called our Hero to her


On her Death-bed, fhe


was


her favo-


rite Son) and thus addreffed him


:-" My Son


Patrimony which


my honoured


Hufband


your valiant


Father left you, may be of


Service to you, in the Hurly Burly Scenes of


bluftering


War,


it is


therefore


that you never part with them :-but


Requeft,
as when


you come


to be


may exchange the


Army for the peaceful Walks of Life,


I here


deliver into your Poffeffion for a Beginning,
all my Dower, confifting of two faithful Hand-


maids


named Indufjry and Frugality-Take


them my Son, and ufe


them


well-they'll


of Service to you,
or continue here:


whether you go to America
tho' my Advice is to obey


your


Father's


Requeft."


-Bleffed


with


vigorous Conflitution and a virtuous Educati-


on, our


Hero croffed the Atlantic and fettled


in the State of Georgia, bringing along with
him his paternal and maternal Legacies. By
Means of the former he rofe to high Preferment
in









in the United States Army


and by the latter


hath


accumulated


an almost


immenfe


princely Fortune.
In this Place I fpent


Days, chiefly at


Houfes of the two laft mentioned Gentlemen.


Being much


relaxed


by Fatigue and Heat of


Weather, I declined taking fuch


an accurate


View of the City,


as I at firft


intended.


It is


however happily situated for both foreign and


internal


Trade, as verging on the Atlantic to


the Eaft, and lying about


Midway on the in-


land Navigation, which extends from Charlef-
ton to St. Mary's River, the Southern Extre-
mity of the United States.


Savannah


Opulence, fo


is, and


ever will


long as human


a Place of


Nature


hall


quire Food and Raiment, or, Commerce fpread
her Canvafs to the Wind.


7uly About
Board a large


2 o'Clock


Packet


Schooner,


went
bound


Charleifon, and commanded by a Captain Rofs,


in Company with
onal Senator, Mr.


Major Butler, a Congreffi-
-- a Charleflon Merchant


Mifs


Savannah.


Com-


pany I promised myfelf a pleafant Paffage en-
livened with agreeable Converfation, in which


however I was miferably disappointed;


fooner had we put to Sea,


than


fqually


for no
Wea-


their









their and adverfe


rock'd


our


Winds arofe, and fo toft and


Veffel, that "we reeled to and fro


and flaggered like drunken Men, and were at
our Wit's End."-In this Situation we conti-


nued till


Io o'Clock the following Day.


Agitation


Veffel


The


brought on a violent


Sea ficknefs upon all the Paffengers except my-
felf, and lasted with little Intermiffion, till we


made the wished for


Port of


Charlefton-Be-


tween the Paroxifms of the Major's Qualms, I


found him to be a lively


converfable


Gentle-


man,


poffeffed of a great Fund of Wit, found


Judgment, and
Morning of our


good


Breeding.--The


Paffage,


faluted


laft
Mer-


chant with, a


good Morning to you Sir, how


does Mr.


find himself to day ?


Why Sir


I have caft up my Accounts over and over again,
and find myfelf, upon firiking a Balance, a bet-
ter Man by an Hundred Per Cent, than I was


Time


Yeffterday,


pray how does Mifs -
you Sir. I'm inclined to


And


find herself ?


believe


think


I thank


I feel


little better at the Stummick.


Auguf I ft.
o'Clock P. 1


'Entered Char/efion about two


immediately


repaired


M'Crady's Hotel,


and found


which I had been told was,


to be superior to any other in the


City,


whether


Accommodations,


Civility of


After,


or, the amazing


Con-


course









courfe of polite People from all the other States


who frequent it.
ington on his late


At this Hotel General Wa/f-


Vifit through the


Southern


States took up his Refidence, and during which


Perfons of


Ranks vied with each other in


paying every Homage to him, which Gratitude
could excite, and splendid Tables, Garb and
Equipage atteft.


The Situation


of Charleflon, the Character


of her Citizens and the Nature of her


Police


fit her for


Trade and Commerce,


which


how-


ever are not driven to that Extent


as is obferv-


able in


fome


Northern


Towns which do not


poffefs the third Part of her Opulence. The
Topography of this City, is too generally known


require


Defcription


hall therefore only


from my Pen.


obferve that


Point


Profpe t, it eclipfesall other Cities in the Union


and is inferior to only


Three in Size,


Wealth,


Population,


Trade and Elegance of Buildings.


Her Citizens are a gay, luxurious People, fond
of Drefs and pompous Equipage, in which they


give the


Ton to Auguf/a and


Savannah, who


are moft excellent Copyifts. Was the young
Phaeton of this State with his fervile Imitators,
to repairto Charleflon,he would be to the Gentry
there, what his Imitators here, are to him.


At M' Crady's


formed an


Intimacy with


Andrew Robert/on, Efq


who had been a Cap-


1


md


I








tain in the Britifh Service, which he quitted up-
on an honorable Connexion with a Staten If-


landyoung Lady of moft exquisite Beauty.


The


debonair and manly Appearance of young Ro-
T n n r\ 1 j A r .1


oert/on
Lady,


r attracted me Attention of tne young
which he improved by his Affiduity, and


moft excellent good Senfe.


Altho'


IMfs


was


strongly fortified by Whiggifm, yet fhe was ul-
timately obliged to fuccumb to the Prowefs of
the young Officer, and about a Year aro be-


came his Bride.


This Gentleman is nearly re-


lated to the celebrated Robert/on, Author of the
Hifftory of the Reign of Charles the Fifth, Em-
peror of Germany,and under whofe plastic Hand
he received the Rudiments of that liberal Edu-


cation,


which fo eminently


dorn his Charater.


From


diftinguifh and a-
this Place I paid


a Vifit to Col. William Wa/hington, whom I
found in Company with my old Preceptor the
Rev. Mr. Wilfon. They were feated oppofite


to each other, about


by two


Feet afunder, separated


Wine Glaffes and a Decanter of gene-


rous old Madeira.


Room,


Upon


after


my Entrance into
Gratulations and


mutual


Profeffions of


Friendfhip


were over,


a third Glafs and


another


Decanter (as if by


Enchantment) made their Appearance on the
Table, and the Duumvirate was foon converted


into a


Triumvirate


by the


Addition


their


humble Servant.


Here gentle Reader, let me
whilft









whilft
pand


Friendfhip
ny Heart,


and the generous Glafs ex-
detain thee, with what Gra-


titude commands


Eulogy of


mer's


, in listening to


Wa fington.


Defeat that thefe


humble


'Twas juft after Har-
Thoughts occurred.


Young Wafhington a former Friend in Need,
I view him mounted on his generous Steed;
The Foe he views with circumfpedtive Care,
Cries Havoc! and lets flip the Dogs of War:
His smoking Horfes at their utmoft Speed
He lathes on and urges o'er the Dead:
Their Fetlocks run with Blood and when they bound,
The Gore and gathering Dult are dafh'd around.


Every
with the


Body is, or ought to be, acquainted


Brilliancies of this Gentleman


as an


Officer and Soldier:-extraordinary as they are,


mild


Walks


engaging


Virtues


Domeftication,


e peaceful
Society of


Friends, keep an equal Pace with his military


Talents,


draw from


his admiring Coun-


trymen, the Plaudits of Sincerity.
Ravith'd with Wars and Danger's horrid Charms,
He with impetuous Ardour flew to Arms:
Soon as the rang'd Battalions came in Sight
He felt fierce Joy and terrible Delight,
And fhudder'd with an Eagernefs to fight. )
What Flames flew from his Eyes, when he from far
View'd the four Brows, and murdering Jaws of War !


-OR


THU S.-


--------------- ----..-rough


in Battle


As the firft Romans when they went to War;
Yet after Vitory more pitiful,


Than all their


praying


Virgins left at Home.


DRYDEN.
A uguft








Auguf 6th. Returned to my Lodgings where
I found Capt Robertfon under Preparation for


Duel


with


Gentleman and


Capt.


Sweetman,


Merchant.-I a&<


an Englih
ed as a Me-


diator


Dit


betwixt them, and happily terminated
fpute to their mutual Satisfadion, by


decreeing, that they both poffeffed indubitable


Courage,


which was often


called


Adion


by their too puntilious Adherence to the mi-


litary


Character


for which


their refpef6ive


Countries had for many Centuries been fo re-


markable,


contributed


equally with anti-


ent Greece and Rome, to give the hifftoric Pen
a juft and full Employ-That inheriting thefe
national Principles, what they had done, might
be fairly traced up to the Source of an Amor


Pugnandi:


-That Capt.


Sweetman


been


too precipitate and Capt Robert/on too hafty:-
that they therefore make their reciprocal Con-


ceffions,


be at


Peace


that


neither


might infringe the Puntilios of military Eti-


quette,


they should


ftand


io Yards afunder,


then advance to the Centre, make their Con-


ceffions at the fame Inftant,


dextral Hands, until they


protruding


came


their


Contac7ion,


as an Indication and Declaration of a Continua-


Pacification


that they should then re-


pair to the Hotel and take a Compotation of a


Importation


from


the Madeira Plantation,


Corroboration


the aforefaid Pacification.
Quicquid









Quicquid volumus facile credimus--The Du-


ellift wishes to defend his Condu.


I will here


tranfcribe the Sentiments of a modern Author


upon tne
ferves, has


SubjeA o
in many


f Duelling,


which


he ob-


Countries a Law against


it-but can never be prevented.


The Law can


inflid no greater Penalty for any Breach of it
than Death; which the Duellift contemns-


There


Law


are alfo fome


cannot


Cafes


prevent,


n


of Injury which
or punish when


committed.


Thefe muft


redreffed


Man


who suffers,


ONLY.


He is


prompted to do this by something antecedent,


and superior to


Law,


eager as Hunger or Luft


and by a Defire as
fo that it is as eafy


for Law to prevent or refrain the two


as the former.


latter,


Very luckily for us Occafions


for the Gratification of this Paffion occur


feldom


and though a Man may be restrained


from
only


a Duel


by personal


Countera6or,


there


Fear,


which


is its


are very


flances, perhaps none of its


considering


it as a


Brea


being prevented
.ch of Law. In


the Beginning of the laft Century Duels were


frequent,


particularly


in France, as to oc-


cation a fevere EdiA to prevent them-Indeed
by their Frequency, they were by Degrees im-


proved into


Combats of


2, 3, and sometimes


more of a Side-In thofe Days a French


bleman


was making up his Party to decide a
Quarrel









Quarrel with another Man of equal Rank


came


to the


Ears of


King,


who


fent to


him one of the moft rifing Men at Court, with
a Command to defift, affuring him of the ftri&t


Execution of the


Edi&t


Cafe


Difobedi-


ence-Every


one knows


Attachment


the F
weak
fion.


rench
when
The


to their Soverign,


fet against
Nobleman


but yet it proved


this all-powerful


not only


refused


obey the King, but actually engaged the Mef-


fenger to be
feem to be th<


one of his
; principal


Party.-The


Reafons


why


above
Duel-


ling has fo deep a Root in the


-but


there


are others


which


Mind
come


Man


in Aid.


The Defire


of Superiority


is of


itself


almost


sufficient to produce this great Effett.


Having


fpent an


agreeable


Time


among


thefe gay and


hofpitable


Citizens, I took my


Departure on Board the Exchange Schooner,


Property


Capt.


Robert/on,


comn-


manded by Capt. Baine


her Defftination was


to St.


Mary


's River in Queft of Live-Oak.


Boftonian
contracted


Paffage from


New-


York.


Years of Age,
his Wife and


Name of


with


7ames


Foote,


the Captain to work his


Charleflon, via
He appeared tc
and extremely
five Children,


left in Bo/Jon about a


Mary's
about


anxious


to fee


whom


Year before I


him.









been


detained by Sicknefs.


On the


second
State


Day


our Paffage, being as yet in a


Convalefcence,


he expreffed


Words and


A6ions a


preaching to a State of


fixed


Defp


Melancholy, ap-
eration. 'Twas


about


2 o'Clock


Morning,


when


Foote. to court the cooling Breeze, had feated


himself upon the Quarter


Deck and received


an accidental


Stroke from


Tiller on


Head.-He rofe


up and exclaimed, My God,


My God, I cannot bear it all! and quickly dif-
appeared.-I fincerely regret, that when I faw
him melancholy and defpondent, I had not


fpoken


to him--I


might


probably


have


Something to him, or done Something
him, that might have footh'd the Anguifh
his Soul. and by exciting Hooe. have cha


/ 0 1 '


gloomy


Demon


from


Breaft,


caused the poor defpairing Mortal yet to live.


This


Voyage


usually performed in about 4


Days,


though


Ignorance of


through the
the Captain,


Inadvertency, or
we made it even,


having


over-ran


our


Reckoning,


instead


Mary's


failed a considerable


Diftance


up the St.


7ohn


's River in Eajf-Florida; when


to our


great Aftonifhment we were hailed by


a SpaniZk
manded o


Officer,


f us,


who


authoritatively


we knew where


we were


We anfwer'd Yes


in St. Mary's River-Gen-


tlemen I can affure you, that you are mistaken


fed


_








you are now in the Dominions


Spain, and


have rifqued the Forfeiture of your Veffel and


Cargo, together with that of


your


Liberties.


However


Mary's


are welcome


River the


to depart-St.


Place of your Deftination,


lies about 6 Leagues to the Eaftward of this.


We thanked the Officer,


instantly


about,


in 5


Hours


reached


Mouth


Mary's,
of a Pil<


caft Anchor, and waited the Approach
ot.-On our Entrance into this fine


River, I observed the Remains of an old Fort,
composed of Portland Stone, Liverpool Brick,


strong


Cement,


which,


from


Expo-


to the Sun and


Wind, hath acquired a


greater
Stone.


Durability than


The


either the


Channel at the


Bri


Mouth,


ck or
which


extends above an
is generally from


Hundred Yards in


to 4 Fathom


Width,


deep, and in


no Part lefs than 2j.


navigated a large


Schooner deeply laden about 16 Miles up this


River,


ever.


and met with


A similar


no Impediment


Diftance


what-


we run


ohAn's,


previous to our Arrival here-I think


Width and Depth they are nearly on a Par.


The St. Mary's


is navigable


Sloops


about 60 Miles-Boats may proceed on as far
as the Lake which feeds this Stream.-It is


about


8 Miles


long and 3 Miles


wide,


fituate


in the Centre of a very extensive Swamp, and


diftant about 150 Miles from


the Ocean.


fmall









fmall


Town


the fame


Name with


the Ri-


ver, now


the early


Dawn


Infancy, lies


about 6 Miles up the Stream, where they have


a Fort


garrifoned


Troops-The


Eva


by a Company of Foederal
icuation of this Fort was


talked


when


strengthen


I left the
Garrifon


Place, in Order to


stationary


Oconee.

Difappointed in having our Frieght of Live
Oak in Readinefs, we had much Leifure on


our


Hands,


which


Capt Robertfon and


folved
several


to appropriate
Parts of Eaft-


to the


Exploration


Florida-For this


Pur-


pofe we chartered a fmall keel bottomed Boat,


taking four


Oars-men


with


us, proceed-


ed along the inland


Navigation,


which


leads


directly to the


Neighborhood of St. Augu/-


tine,


which


however we


were


not permitted


to enter, and


received


repeated Intimations,


that a fpeedy Return to


Mary's


would ar-


Height


Prudence


with


which


chargeable


Captain
:For


were


we had


by no means


concerted no


Plan


or plaufible Excufe by which we might elude


Vigilance


Guarda


Coftas.


Jealoufy
Robert/on


Pocket, a Pencil and a fmall


carried
Book, i


Spanziy
in his


which


he had made fome rough Sketches of Clarlef-


Ion and


Mary's.


wished


Book


Pencil


\









Pencil


been


his -- -- ------- Bureau.


Our


Oars-men


who


were


much


alarmed,


raised a Blanket Sail, and plied the Oar with


unremitting Affiduity, until
Mary's, which exclusive of


we reached


Fort already


mentioned,


boats


Stores,


and a


Tavern


under the Dirediion of a Captain Kearns, who


is a


fenfible,


intelligent


Man,


furnifhes


superior
nerally
River a


Accommodations


obtained
Bounds i


than


in populous
Scale and


what are ge-
Cities. The


Shell-Fifh,


excellent
shadowed
of Swans,


their


by the Fli
Geefe and


Kind,


is often


ght of numerous


Ducks.


over-


Flocks


Thefe aquatic


Productions are


perennial, and from the Fa-


cility with


which


they are


taken, render the


Inhabitants near the


Water, extremely averfe


to agricultural Purfuits.


Having now explored the
Weft and had a curfory Vie


principal Parts
;w of Eaft-Flo-


rida,


am induced


to hazzard


Opinion


founded on Obfervation as to the former, and


on Conjecture as


to the latter.


do by a Quotation from


Guthrie's


This I hall
Grammar,


which


conveys


both Eaf/ and


Sentiments.


W


wholefome-The Size,
of the Floridian Indi


far exceed their more


Jft-Florida
Vigor, an
ans. in the


Southern


"The


is pure and
i Longevity
fe Refpe&s,
Neighbours


,









the Mexicans:


-and I think


Propriety may


add,


with


Exceptions,


their


Northern


Neighbours too.-The Soil
is in general fandy, especially
time Coafts, tho' far from be


near the


mari-


ing unfruitful.-


It produces two Crops of Indian Corn a Year,
and Garden Vegetables in great Perfetion and
Abundance. Without Cultivation the Orange


Lemon


produce
The int


Trees attain


a large


erior


Co


a proper Size, and


and highly flavoured Fruit.
untry is hilly, and on the


Flats


adjoining,


extremely


producing fpontaneoufly, and in
riance, similar Fruits, Vegetabl


and fertile,
great Luxu-


es and


Gums


with Georgia and the Carolinas; as alfo Rice,


Indigo,
Lapis


Ambergrife,
Lazuli, and


Cochineal,


other


precious


Amethyfts,


Stones


Copper, Q

Pearls a
Mahogany
inferior in


maica.-The


uickfilver,

Ire found
on the


Size


Animal


Pit-Coal


upon tne
Southern
1 Quality 1


Creation


Iron-Ore.


Coafts-and


Peninfula,
to that of


here, are in-


credibly
advanced,


numerous. -What


muft be


taken


under


have
fome


here
Limi-


station; as in applies in toto and positively to
Earf, and only in Part to Weft-Florida.


Milton


cured


's Ode


to my


on May


RecolleAior


Morning,
i. whilft


often


traversing
thefe


the Floridas,


V


=


*









thefe delightful


Regions,


dreffed


out by


Hand of Nature, with


Flowers feleAed


from


her Lap.
ODE.

Now the bright Morning Star, Day's Harbinger,
Comes dancing from the Eaft, and leads with her
The flow'ry May, who from her green Lap throws,
The yellow Co.wflip, and the pale Prim-rofe.
Hail! bounteous May that does infpire
Mirth and Youth and warm Defire ;
Woods and Groves are of thy Drefling,
Hill and Dale doth boat thy Blefling:
Thus we falute thee with our early Song
And welcome thee and with thee long.


Here


on the extreme Southern


Verge of the
Latitude with


United


States, and in a fimilar


the Place where I promised to


fubjoin


a Catalogue


medicinal


Plants,


Herbs, &c. I will attempt a Compliance.


WHITE WALNUT.


make


Bark


a fitrong
Tree, and


thartic and a Dye.


Juglans
Decodion


alba.


The


from


it both as a Ca-


former,


they


cify it with a little Honey, or the Syrup from


Sugar-Maple-It


very


draftic


Operation, an
great Caution.


therefore


administered


with


BLACK POPLAR.


Populus nigra.


Large


Potions of a Decodion from the Bark of


Tree,


especially


Root, is a fovereign An-
tidote


Creeks









tidote to the Bite of theRattle-Snake and other
Serpents-I was informed of this by General


Clarke,


whilif


n Kentuckey, who had feen its


falutary Effects on five different


Soldiers


Command.


The


constant


Indians


make


similar


Occasion s,


corroborates the General'


Affertion.


DOGWOOD.


Cornus Florida.


The pul-


verized


Bark of this


Tree, is cooling,


drying,


afiringent and ftomachic, and appropriated to
similar Purpofes among the Creeks that 7e-


fits


Bark


is among us, and for which it is a


moft excellent Subftitute.
T HE CASSINE is a low umbrageous Tree:
the Flower of which is patent, divided into
five fuboval, obtufe Segments larger than the
Cup; the Fruit is a roundifh Berry with three
Cells, containing folitary fuboval Seeds-'Tis


from


Leaves of this


Tree,


which are fer-


rated and terminating in a Point, the Creeks
make their Black Drink, of which they fwal-


copious


Draughts,


whenever


they


con-


vene in their Square or Hot-Houfe, and which


holding themselves ered,


regurgitate
medicinal


they


am unacquaint


Virtues, if


it has


any


as copioufly
ed with its
.-It is ufed


by the Spaniards as a


Tea and has a superior


Flavour to the Green, Bohea, or Souchong.
SASSA-









SSA


FRA


Laurus


Saffafras.


A yellow


odoriferous


Wood


, of a brifk, aromatic Scent,


somewhat resembling


Fennel


being the Pro-


duce of a


Tree, of which there are whole


refts growing in the Floridas,


as well


as in this


State.
which


The principal Virtue lies in the Bark,


warms,


dries,


rarifies,


attenuates,


traAs and promotes Sweats and Urine.


Indians


The


deco& and ufe it in all venerial Com-


plaints, and I am told with great Succefs.


ELDER.


Sambucus


nmgra.


The Creeks de-


corticate the Stalk. and ufe the


ral Decotions.


Bark in pe&o-


William Temple extols it


as a Medicine in dropfical Complaints.


The


Creeks


exprefs the


Juice, and ufe it


as a Lotion


in Burns, Scalds and fcabious Complaints.


SUMAC.


Rhus.


Applied to the firft Pur-


pofe as mentioned of the Elder, as alfo to the


Ufe of smoking with


Tobacco.


POKE.


Phytolacca decandra.


The


Creeks


colled the


Berries


whilft in a greenifh State,


exprefs


Juice, and


until it coagulates,


expofe
they


it to the


in Plaiffters


over


fchirrous


Thorns,


Sores,


from


their


or to extra&t


Hands and


Briars
Feet.--


I have known it to be


ufed


in extrading the


Claws or Roots of Cancers,









ASH.


Fraxinus Americana.


A Deco&ion


from the Root of prickly A/, is a good
gative and Lotion in a confirmed Lues


as fuch is ufed by the


Creeks.


JUNIPER.
Berries of this


zuniperus.


Tree,


An Infufion of the


Water or


Spirits,


ftomachic,
provokes
ons of the


expels Wind, clears the Lungs,
the Menfes and removes Obfitrudfi-


Vifcera.


LOBELIA.


With


a Deco&ion


Root of this Plant, the


Creeks


cure the


Vene-


rial Difeafe in every Stage.


Meadows, and


Rivers,
crimfon


perty
oval
very


on the


Creeks,


monopetalous


somewhat


Capfule,
fmall Sc


It usually grows
fat low-Grounds of


a beauteous


Flower,


tingent.


containing


eeds.


Pro-


The Fruit is an


a great Number of


The Decocion is usually


dulcified


percent.
Sweat
though


with
The


Honey,


which


Operation is


ExpeAoration, all


moderate


a confirmed


Lues


Degree.
, from


is a great Ap-


by Stool,


Urine,


in a conftant,


Vide Buchan on


Beginning


Page 598 to the end of the Page following.


SERPENTARIA


pharmic and


fovereign


Virginiana, is an alexi-


Remedy or


Antidote


against the Bite of the Rattle-Snake.-The
different species of Serpentaria or Snake rool,
M are


Pur-









are universally known throughout the United


States, by


Ranks of


People.


The


Kind


I allude to, is what is popularly called Rattle-


Snake Root, which


from


its strong aromatic


Smell, the Rattle-Snake will


is accordingly


ufed


never approach,
the Indians to


banifh


that


other


erpents


from


their


Lodgments.


VALERIAN,


Valeriana


Ivefiris,


Verbo


valer


somewhat


-e. It
foetid


is warm and aromatic


cent.


The Indians


ufe it in nervous Diforders.


Efficacy


a Sudorific, is supported by the Teftimony of
both antient and modern PraAice.


ANGELICA.


Angelica


Sylvejiris.


Is ufed


as a Luxury in


Smoking and Chewing.


ANATA.


Is a Shrub


about


Feet


high, bearing a red Flower,
infufe in Water or deco6.


which


Creeks


With this Infu-


or Decotion,


Moccafons,


they


Feathers,


their


Belts,


Leggens,
other or-


namental Parts of Drefs.


The
the Cr


Seminolies


weeks ,


are faid,


who


though


conneAed


more


with


unpolished


their


Manners, to


have a greater


Know-


ledge in Botany, than
or Weftern Brethren.


their niore


Northern


Sept,









Sept. -Weighed
entered the Gulph


Anchor,
Stream,


left St. Mary's,
and after a Paf-


fage


of Thirteen


New- York
continued


Days, reached


where,


about


Fortnight,


the City of
Vicinage I
experiencing


Nothing more than
the Citizens.-The


common Civility


City


from


fituate


on Mankatan


handsome,


Ifland


populous


Place


being a large
: where there


is an excellent Harbour, furnifhed


modious
whence


Quays


numerous


are annually
and Fifheries.


with


Ware-houfes,


Ships


employed


other


foreign


com-
from


Veffels
Trade


Paffed


Schooner


New-7erfey,
who refides


New-York


to Brun/wick,


where


visited


Place.


Packet


Metropolis of
Col. White,


is a brave,


Continental Officer, and made


a conspicuous Figure on 1
laft American War with


Place


Chevallie,
Gentlemen


New-York


Higbee,
from


Attention


Theatre


Britain.
Meffieurs


Laurence,


At this
Paine,
Griffin


Virginia, rendered me po-
d Affiftance. Gratitude


hall im]
on the
glif man
during r


prefs a


Tablet of


long


Remembrance of


my Heart.


Name


WilliC


Indifpofition


them


young Lzn-
im Collier,


New-York,


played


New- York


generous,




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