orothy Atkinson : epa*it .*'
Complete 1 ubeytaber r1,
-Lilberty County mae established on Deoeber: 15, 8B6 l,
after Dismkes froma Gadeden County had introduced earlier
for the purpose of giving voioe to the sentiment of the
Amerloan people. The county pesent boundaries were 6t'
fixed until 1909 though. (A.f:6.D)
Liberty County was part of the territory inolody in
,. I. ..!
Forbes Grant, 1803. Forbes was a British trader and Las tain--
Sed trading posts on Apalohio ol Rivero It was desteoy by -:i
hicOh were Spanish eabjeots. The'British, Gove0ny
eor oed the Spanish government to oompeeate to r Fore a.,
for be lsses t hio grant inolatded approximately all o
Shat i 'nop Libertyh, Frantkly n W akull, ooun.ties. Pwe .',
settled Liberty Oranty and boua t homesteads fri -the iInited
States government ean thia grant wras disooered.by he aI of
Forbes before the oi'0il War 1836. ivder the p ohas e territory '
of nlorida fron Spain by the nitid States all 8panio greater,
were to be recognized unat 1921 Theo heirs of Torbesoame
fro Sootland; they olaiMod the grat, and John 8. r a s
a reoeir. People who oooped wan part of thigl at
f.0rieoe phlleg.d to_ rnUmhn t ohe land or ate. t .
SS tnt tohis p..ropet wjy ere ibo e o" the r y .....of
e i e eips
.5 ~ ~ ~ *
kofothy Atkinson* P&e
L .as n
brothers litve iis itated on road amber one just ott -e
the city- limits Of Quino to the west Heotor Broe iai a
captain in the Oo nederate ArWander General Loe.
The Indians oooupation of tbis section Is quite
evident in the amber of Indian names used and the na br
of mounds located ere. Indian relies have been foun during
the excavation of some of the mounds by the .Saithsonan
Institute. Quite a few mounds remain untouched even p to
this late date. (
The chief soroes of resources to the county are the
samills, shinKle ains, twpentine distillries and naval
stores plants. All of these plants are open to visIt s at
any time. lA
*abwr of farm for demonstrated purpes 1W e
been started uari the supervision of the ty ar l-
twat. eat L o-.,
W U 5 ".1A .I -
ib ooutr ia one of tbr ilnteri oounties in -
norttwasten dW"rida between the Apalaohioela and e*k-
oaee Rivers, with Oadd00a County on the north ead r ia "-t
en the south. Braeghes eof beth #hss rivws flew from the
lateris east nd (west, so'that the outry is well drained
-and satewed. This eunty Inoludes some of the best faramiag
len in f'nsrsida L'geat agi of. the laad now in ultitvati
S- ri- .. .s .a n .
DPer ethy 'Atkinason Page 3
aores of stale farm erops, toluding oran, sweet pota~e5,
Sootton, su oane, pei ti, velvet beasf, and forag or.ps
ae aern. Peaches figp, pears, pecans and utleberries are
also gr5w. IB M ) -
Besides vegetable of all sorts honey is also fo d
on almost every far and all is famu for peculiar deioacy
of flavor. Oranges replanted in too few instances are
claimed to excel any grown. PoagranStes and figs are
ay "yards" and'oould be largely developed. Pears exel.
Liberty Oouaty a it, timber line is noted for I
oak, magnolia, many, and some of large asis, ash, -olp
ga, juniper, (valuable for telegraph poles) black Ja
red, water ad othe oeake, -persimon, haw, hickory,
m'lberry, bay(oftea 60 feet high) cottonwood and Many
S Among the extremelyrare Aees whioh growia L
Comty is that kaoni as te gopher tree, or teouha
I : .
variety called the florida Terora, Tadon'Tazifelin
8ti*iwag Oedar. It is supposed to be the same variety
wood used in the constrmotia of eah''s Ark, although
is. w pratioeally oofit to norida,. Califernia, -
Japaa. The forest of these trees in Liberty .County is
on the east bank of the Apelaohiola River, a short
a -t .- .. ..
V.. *r.s a '
O0emrioal fishing is a contributing source of nooe,.
aad the Apalaohioola River and tributary stream yield con-..
siderable quantities of fish annually, particularly catfish,
which are quite plentiflta ) ,
Large. treat along the Apal3.ahioola ad OOckio e
Rivers are wooded and finish the raw material for 9g
industrial founded on layering and the anufaoture o
naval stores. According to the official informtioa oU
1980, 8,303,000 capital was invested in the saw mlln of
Liberty County aad $968,000 in the plants devoted to
preduotion of turpentine and rosin. The output of t tie
at this time was 47,950 gallons valued at .46,300 d 11,000
barrels Wf robi were awuamfaotured, valued at $308,95. (
The area of Li" )OT[1 Cuty in square miles of 1i
SI ,' ,0 .
surface is 735, or 464,000 .aores* I t population in 1 as
1,453, in 1900 it s ,958 .(1,459 were white and 1,46 e
neogroe), but today the pieplatiea is 3,883.# 88
The original settlers of Libeity County included those
from Georgia whtoh were: oreforda, Revills, Durhas, Xer,
*I -. I.
. rrel, rnrs, Sad Sikq 'ad thos fhom
oCar 1a whi. were: ialere,; Stoutares, Ohas os, O
. Sandera Birds, Ohesters .ad Jaoke.on. (A)
The desoendante of the above famlies live I.a t
toay ii from t" 6oouyty CAm
6- LIZ t
'~ '::-LL\-r~Li~-` -...... ~. .'~
S. Liberty County furnished Company H of the fifth
r Florida Infantry, Loee s ari, and part of company I.
W a1111 Gregory was the* captain of Compeand (A)
Bristol, the county sest and chief town of Liberty
County, is located on a high bluff a mile from-. the Apalchi
oela River. It was first known as Riddeys~vlle but its naae
was changed in 1858 to Bristol when it was separated tfoz
Os ed n County. It is 42 ailes on the base line directly
west of State Capital* (. )
Bristol became the trading center for the county about
'the year 1850..Through the river stream, Bristol ia in con-
neotion with palpaohioola and the Gulf 06ast to the a t ,
saui with Columibu, Georgia and Isfaula, Alabama, to te north,
the Apalaohiola Iorthem Railroad rmns from Ftratlin and
oomots with the Louisville and the Seaboard Air Line U-
Bristol'. rich fertile soil was the ocaue of the first
settlement, but the trpentine industry ownoed the population
to laorease. The wild game was plentiful and eay to kill;
Stherei~~e this attracted the sett rs lo.
A r. Strace deeed this land to Liberty County and a
small log court house vas built in,1860, thi build
also ued fai at seee 1.- ton -began to develop y.
.. ; :.-' + .. .. ... ,+ ,, + .% + + +. .- + : .. .. + .
.,~i i t r ilii~ ;",.* +,. + + .;o + +( + ..' -, +
F a I
ato of about 300 to 900 "population. jg
losford was orgial ly oe's 1ill, built by manwue
8ikes in 1859. 'coesi' m11 became a Post Office about 1870.
It uwa called Coets Mill from the mme of the people who
-operated a water mil1, grinding grits, sawing lumber, olean-
ing rice. Naturally making it a oommunity center. It took
the name of Hosford, as established in 1907, when the name
of the Post Office was changed in honor of senator R. F.
Hosford, who had spent years rooting the building of the
only railroad in the county. A.
S Telogia was founded in 1907 took its name from the
T a la River which runs near by*. )
It was founded in 1907 and took its' nae fro the
Seimatra tobaooo. .
This name belngst to the second largest island of
Malay Peninsula. It is bf dubious origin by some athorl-
ties has been tracid to Saskrit umantera, which signified
an islaM 'situated between two seas"- phrase referring
-to the Indian ooopa and the strait of Malaoo. Other
authorities to Sansrit Samdra, "sea," and dipa "islaM,
that is island of the sea. Most plausible sorce i s
*B ~ '-^.f ^ a'** .- i. >~v. **^*:'. '-j l ^ --'<':"^ "- V.' -.*.t : :*> *-.*.* > '**'*..<*:.'/.-^*."i-/;a- **-^ ^*
BOQlt BLOF .,
SOne of.the oldest oommnities in the county and
former home of Doctor Ja-kso who was prominent in thq affairs
of Liberty County, for a number of years and a relative of
* AE UW d4lU. .L*/ i
AnIrFew JacO n.B *rj ^
POFIT8 OF I1TMST
Mystio Lake, six miles south of B.istol, is one of
the points of interest in Liberty county. It is alstransl
as its name iplies in that no fish have ever lived in it.
The land around this .lake furnished an ideal spot fer
the annual 4th of July pienio held there. jCI. ze-'a: "
Lf1 c1-, CounVy)
STate's Heli' .
SPary it Liierty COounty and partly in Franklina oat
iI the iapenetratsabl sweap known as Tatesi Hell. It is all
its name signifies in that the undergrowth is so deoae it
-' \ -:,,,j ..
equals that of the Africes Jvugle. Thebosat surpriagg .fst
is that this .oopious aMunt of wild life is, on its sevat
S ide, not three miles from he nohly travel-d State Highay
S' " .
This swamp oovers an area of approxiatPly eighy square
mile It. i filled with e y wild ani that ever toaM .
sh eoo of. f or In see: Vs .a. l s driven ,
ooa .oI forida1 aseewai
L .* aai mlri.veu -: ;4.2 :_
Dorot~ Atkinson Page 8
S On a trip into the nswp it is a comon sight to see wild;
oats, panthers and bears. A eightt spent there is filled
with the sounded predoinent in the jungle. .
At places the undergrowth of brush and vines is so
thick that it is twenty-five and thirty feet to the ground.
It is not an unasual thing while walking in this ungle to
be twenty feet above the ground. Beer have been killed at
., the usual hootrange and when reached, found to be fifteezg
Sfeet below the level of the hunter. l) *
There are any nauber "of tales told about the horrors
.,oef Tatells ell. oes are true, some legendary, bat a ough
is. know to oonvince one that it a name is not altogether
uasuitid. ja .
S There is an old lesg to th eeffeot that a M. Tate
S was last seen entratig thil jugle He aa never been feund
ainoo so it is believed he as a. violst of oie of the any
w ild miW ml which inhabi the sa.ap. Thence the name '
Tate a ll*. f- .
--. The Lasslies were eigrants from Sotland, and settledd
on the Ocklocknee itvae, now the .far of i. ste8 a e.
A band of Indians attao1(ed the on June. 0, 188s. 5Lasslies
"id. thne ves 'in th ir `de 4a' ** 4* T.e -faly po-
.-. ^ ..-.S-I- ', *.^^..^ I, *.
,. W. ~r
li te ,gone .e* s.
e ye. T e t nof
two men aM slate? decided to leavefor. Vestl*C@ in
olet FredP. Cone threw the Indians owd of the -co Vt -
and buried the Lass.e.
r removal" + -.al ,ha,. I
towr dnk -saw aneo
the wen ooneotedwi t be
river ba ka nbd threw te ba6S 'h
Doratib AtkiusO -
W I *,v L *?
ZVOT R 7 U -C OUpa
an r .ijout Ory
- ~.17h4~i It3m44'
B. igt y of FljoriLd, VatadPesa ar Garn
l 1923; LeWis8 COmpan.
Do. Mrs. Joe Hienryt Sorapb@0k; TallabassOS, nr oI
N. orda iudustriga, DirectOTY7 Stute Chamber of 0.ineroe 5'
I~c I 5
r.7-.nforidi P1800 Names of Indan rg n SOmS~l
-lj S *P'/; -. 5 -* 5 5 K4 t'
Persoal.game* Wllia"-A,. Reals Ph.':,, t~050 ~
-of PNgl-hi.ltU andiLd, aeiL'ii&~ b
d '-~ sr-?-:r ti~y -
i. IIia..r Sam ierJSr VW~f aI~lP ~bQ::
0. *; 8 fe s rt. I -.,
/~~~~-. --1p~r.a a
*, .' Ibr 'o`b oaboL alral.. n2" ~5-'
.5- -.5' 5'.s 5~i ~ ~