Front Cover
 Half Title
 Title Page
 The author's apology
 Table of Contents
 Lesson 1: Of the body
 Lesson 2: Of a mother's care
 Lesson 3: Of the soul
 Lesson 4: Of the good angels
 Lesson 5: Of the wicked angels
 Lesson 6: The world, part I
 Lesson 7: The world, part II
 Lesson 8: The world, part III
 Lesson 9: Adam and Eve
 Lesson 10: The first sin
 Lesson 11: The son of God
 Lesson 12: The virgin Mary
 Lesson 13: The birth of Jesus
 Lesson 14: The shepherds
 Lesson 15: The wise men
 Lesson 16: King Herod
 Lesson 17: The temptation
 Lesson 18: The twelve disciple...
 Lesson 19: The first miracle
 Lesson 20: Several miracles
 Lesson 21: The sinner and...
 Lesson 22: The storm at sea
 Lesson 23: Jairus' daughter
 Lesson 24: The loaves and...
 Lesson 25: The kindness of...
 Lesson 26: The Lord's prayer
 Lesson 27: Jesus foretells His...
 Lesson 28: Lazarus
 Lesson 29: Jesus enters Jerusa...
 Lesson 30: The temple
 Lesson 31: Judas
 Lesson 32: The last supper, part...
 Lesson 33: The last supper, part...
 Lesson 34: The last supper, part...
 Lesson 35: The garden
 Lesson 36: Peter's denial
 Lesson 37: Pontius Pilate
 Lesson 38: Death of Judas
 Lesson 39: The cross, part I
 Lesson 40: The cross, part II
 Lesson 41: The cross, part III
 Lesson 42: The soldiers
 Lesson 43: The grave
 Lesson 44: The resurrection
 Lesson 45: Mary Magdalene
 Lesson 46: The two friends
 Lesson 47: Thomas
 Lesson 48: The dinner
 Lesson 49: The ascension
 Lesson 50: Peter in prison
 Lesson 51: John
 Lesson 52: The judgment-day
 Hints to teachers
 Questions on the lessons
 Verses to be committed to...
 Back Cover

Group Title: The peep of day, or, A series of the earliest religious instruction the infant mind is capable of receiving : : with verses illustrative of the subject.
Title: The peep of day, or, A series of the earliest religious instruction the infant mind is capable of receiving
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055490/00001
 Material Information
Title: The peep of day, or, A series of the earliest religious instruction the infant mind is capable of receiving with verses illustrative of the subject
Alternate Title: Series of the earliest religious instruction the infant mind is capable of receiving
Physical Description: xiv, 2, 208 p., 11 leaves of plates : col. ill. ; 19 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Mortimer, Favell Lee, 1802-1878
Hatchards (Firm) ( Publisher )
Strangeways & Sons ( Printer )
Marcus Ward & Co
Publisher: Hatchards
Place of Publication: London (Piccadilly)
Manufacturer: Strangeways & Sons
Publication Date: 1888
Edition: Seven hundred and fifty-ninth thousand.
Subject: Bible stories, English -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Christian life -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Christian education of children -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Bldn -- 1888
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
General Note: Anonymous. By Favell Lee Mortimer.
General Note: Illustrations are engraved and printed in colour by Marcus Ward & Co.
Funding: Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00055490
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002234607
notis - ALH5040
oclc - 63065962

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Cover 1
        Cover 2
    Half Title
        Page i
        Page ii
    Title Page
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
    The author's apology
        Page vii
        Page viii
        Page ix
        Page x
        Page xi
        Page xii
    Table of Contents
        Page xiii
        Page xiv
        Page xv
    Lesson 1: Of the body
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Lesson 2: Of a mother's care
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
    Lesson 3: Of the soul
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    Lesson 4: Of the good angels
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
    Lesson 5: Of the wicked angels
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
    Lesson 6: The world, part I
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
    Lesson 7: The world, part II
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
    Lesson 8: The world, part III
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
    Lesson 9: Adam and Eve
        Page 35
        Page 36
    Lesson 10: The first sin
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
    Lesson 11: The son of God
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
    Lesson 12: The virgin Mary
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
    Lesson 13: The birth of Jesus
        Page 47
        Page 48
    Lesson 14: The shepherds
        Page 49
        Page 50
    Lesson 15: The wise men
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
    Lesson 16: King Herod
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
    Lesson 17: The temptation
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
    Lesson 18: The twelve disciples
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
    Lesson 19: The first miracle
        Page 65
        Page 66
    Lesson 20: Several miracles
        Page 67
        Page 68
    Lesson 21: The sinner and Simon
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
    Lesson 22: The storm at sea
        Page 73
        Page 74
    Lesson 23: Jairus' daughter
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
    Lesson 24: The loaves and fishes
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
    Lesson 25: The kindness of Jesus
        Page 82
        Page 83
    Lesson 26: The Lord's prayer
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
    Lesson 27: Jesus foretells His death
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
    Lesson 28: Lazarus
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
    Lesson 29: Jesus enters Jerusalem
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
    Lesson 30: The temple
        Page 98
        Page 99
    Lesson 31: Judas
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
    Lesson 32: The last supper, part I
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
    Lesson 33: The last supper, part II
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
    Lesson 34: The last supper, part III
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
    Lesson 35: The garden
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
    Lesson 36: Peter's denial
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
    Lesson 37: Pontius Pilate
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
    Lesson 38: Death of Judas
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
    Lesson 39: The cross, part I
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
    Lesson 40: The cross, part II
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
    Lesson 41: The cross, part III
        Page 134
        Page 135
    Lesson 42: The soldiers
        Page 136
        Page 137
    Lesson 43: The grave
        Page 138
        Page 139
        Page 140
    Lesson 44: The resurrection
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
    Lesson 45: Mary Magdalene
        Page 144
        Page 145
        Page 146
        Page 147
    Lesson 46: The two friends
        Page 148
        Page 149
        Page 150
        Page 151
        Page 152
    Lesson 47: Thomas
        Page 153
        Page 154
        Page 155
    Lesson 48: The dinner
        Page 156
        Page 157
        Page 158
        Page 159
        Page 160
    Lesson 49: The ascension
        Page 161
        Page 162
    Lesson 50: Peter in prison
        Page 163
        Page 164
        Page 165
        Page 166
        Page 167
        Page 168
    Lesson 51: John
        Page 169
        Page 170
        Page 171
        Page 172
    Lesson 52: The judgment-day
        Page 173
        Page 174
        Page 175
        Page 176
        Page 177
        Page 178
    Hints to teachers
        Page 179
        Page 180
    Questions on the lessons
        Page 181
        Page 182
        Page 183
        Page 184
        Page 185
        Page 186
        Page 187
        Page 188
        Page 189
        Page 190
        Page 191
        Page 192
        Page 193
        Page 194
        Page 195
        Page 196
        Page 197
        Page 198
        Page 199
        Page 200
    Verses to be committed to memory
        Page 201
        Page 202
        Page 203
        Page 204
        Page 205
        Page 206
        Page 207
        Page 208
    Back Cover
        Cover 1
        Cover 2
Full Text

The Baldwin Library
Im B
'I ^RjnS


jjai 1

4 .










'Truly the light is sweet; and a pleasant thing it is for the
eyes to behold the sun.'-EccLES. xi. 7.

Bihtn ljuibt b mj jrilelii- iiijitli lusi t.


Tower St., Cambridge Circus.


THIS little work aims to be the very least of all ;-not in
size, but in the humility of its contents. It aims at the
superlative degree of littleness; and in this point seeks
to resemble the least watch ever made,-the least picture
ever painted,-the tiniest flower that ever grew. It
desires to be among books as the humming-bird among
As soon as a child's mind is capable of receiving
systematic instruction, this humble work attempts to
convey it.
From a very early period a pious mother will, by
casual remarks, endeavour to lead her child to the know-
ledge of his Creator and Redeemer; and in due time she
will impart systematic instruction. It may be at three
years of age-it may not be till five-that the child is
prepared to listen to these little lessons. But-sooner


or later--he will give evidence of his immortality by
willingly hearkening to discourse concerning the INVI-
The simplicity of the language may seem unworthy of
the sublimity of the subject treated of in these pages ; and
some may smile at the contrast;-but the little one will
not smile-except with joy to hear of his Heavenly
Father, and of his Incarnate Redeemer; for the merry
inmates of the nursery are capable of tasting higher
pleasures than toys and dainties can afford.


WVHEN a new work, however insignificant, appears, it is natural
to inquire why it was written; and it is natural for the writer to
desire to prove that there was a sufficient cause. The present work
attempts to impart religious instruction to the infant whose
faculties are just opening. But some may reply-' Is not the
attempt premature? Is an infant capable of understanding
sacred truths ? Or, if capable, is it desirable that it should be
Upon trial, it will be found that children can understand
religious truths at a very early age; although the exact period is
of course very different in different individuals. The sophistries,
which sinful inclinations suggest to the mind as life advances, do
not obscure the infant intellect. The child easily perceives that
there must be a God, and acknowledges His power to be great;
the only objections he raises to any doctrine are such, in general,
as have never been solved by man, while he finds no difficulty in
believing that God's understanding is infinitely superior to his


And will it be deemed undesirable to instruct the infant in
religion, when it is remembered that impressions made early on
the mind are the most vivid and the most durable;-that the
readiest access is obtained to the young and tender heart;-that
wrong notions will be conceived by the ever-busy intellect, if left
uninstructed; and that, life being uncertain, the eternal happiness
of a child, already knowing good from evil, may be endangered by
delay ?
If these arguments be admitted, the next question will regard
the means of imparting religious instruction to young children.
Shall they learn simple and short catechisms? Shall the
Scriptures be read to them with explanation ? or shall a few
general truths be briefly stated to them ?
Our minds are so much darkened by sin, that when we would
ascertain our duty concerning spiritual things, we shall often find
assistance by examining what we should do in an earthly matter of
an analogous kind.
Suppose, then, a father compelled to leave his wife and child,
and to sojourn in a distant land. In parting, he commits the
unconscious infant to the care of the mother, and thus expresses
the feelings of a father's heart-' I know not when I shall return;
the time may be near or far distant. This is my earnest request,
that whenever I do, I may find my child acquainted with my
love for it, and prepared to love me. Inspire it, if possible,
with a desire to please me, and mould its character in con-
formity to my views. To the ingenuity of your affection I confide
the task.'


How would the mother betake herself, in pursuance of this
request? Would she take the letters of the father, written to
herself, and read them to the child, while yet its faculties were
hardly unfolded? Would she not fear by this method producing
weariness and disgust? Much less would she attempt, by a series
of written questions and answers, to be learnt by heart as a task,
to interest the child in its father. Nor would she content herself
by giving a general description of his goodness.
Would not a mother, thus circumstanced, often talk to the
child of its father, in language suited to its capacity; relate
anecdotes of his virtue, such as the child could comprehend;
repeat the gracious sayings he had uttered, yet translating them
into language intelligible to the child? How carefully would she
guard against producing confusion, by entering into complicated
details; while she would love to dwell upon the most minute
incidents that would arrest infantine attention! She would fear
the consequences of giving set lectures-but would intersperse
narrative with conversation, carefully watching favourable oppor-
tunities for dropping a reflection. Verses in the father's praise
would be familiar to the baby's lips; yet even those would be
taught with discretion, and not forcibly imposed. It would be the
mother's aim to infuse a principle of love, and thus to prepare the
child for the performance of filial duties.
And has not Christ left His infant family with us ? Has He
not given us a charge concerning them in the well-known words
-'Suffer the little children to come unto me, and forbid them not;
for of such is the kingdom of heaven?' Touching and compre-


hensive words! charge too imperfectly fulfilled! How often have
efforts been made to bring these children to their Father's bosom,
that have, in fact, driven them further from it!
Yet there are many mothers at the present time who are
seeking to bring their children to Christ; and to them, as well
as to the teachers of the infant poor, this little volume is
But lest a fear should arise, that in adapting sacred truths to
infantine capacities their awful dignity may be lowered, let us
remember that the reverence God demands is principally that of
the heart; and that words which excite reverence in the child's
heart should not be condemned because they may offend the ear
of the bystander. The use of language in the communication of
sacred truth involves vast condescension on the part of God
towards man. Had He not chosen to use this condescension
towards us, and even to speak as though He had passions and
bodily parts, He must ever have remained to us 'an unknown God.'
Compared to this condescension, how slight is any that can be
used by us in instructing children!

And did our Shepherd bid us feed His lambs ?
Behold, I have prepared the tenderest grass
That grows on Zion's hill. Here feeble lambs
May find sweet nourishment, and gather strength
To climb the verdant heights, where the fair flock
On richer pasture feed." Say not too soon

'Their pasture shall be in all high places.' Isa. xlix. 9.


I urge their tottering steps. Should I forbear,
On every side deceitful strangers' stand,
And beckon them away;-in flowery paths
Awhile to sport; and then to wander long
Amidst the hills of darkness and of death ;
Where hungry beasts, in every thicket hid,
Wait to devour ; and should they e'er return,
With fleeces all defiled, and bleeding feet,
The wanderers would come. O can they know
Too soon their Shepherd's voice, or love His name
Too soon, or in His gentle arms repose.

Then come, my little ones, and hear me tell
Of Jesus' dying love. If God should pour
His Spirit from on high, your infant hearts
Shall thrill with tenderness: you'll run to meet
Your Shepherd's fond embrace; who shall forbid ?
'Tis Jesus bids you come, and calls you His;
And who shall pluck you from that pierced side ?II

John, x. 5, 8.
t 'My sheep wandered through all the mountains and upon every
high hill.' Ezek. xxxiv. 6.
1 'They were scattered because there is no shepherd; and they be-
came meat to all the beasts of the field, when they were scattered.' Ezek.
xxxiv. 5.
'He shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his
bosom.' Isa. xl. 11.
|1 'They shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of
my hand.' John, x. 28.


'Tis Jesus' arms encircle you around;
In sight of all your foes, they'll bear you safe
O'er many a rugged path and dangerous steep,
To the sweet fold on Zion's summit fair.*

And have you lodged your darling in those arms,
Fond Mother? Did you, as his reason dawn'd,
And he began to muse on things unseen,
Unfold the history of a Saviour's love,
And painful death ? And has that love won his ?
Oh! then, should death's dark cloud arise,
And from your sight conceal his cherub form,
How sweet 'twill be to catch his parting smile,
To see the infant angel, as he soars,
Cling fondly round his own beloved Lord!

'Upon the high mountains of Israel shall their fold be.' Ezek.
xxxiv. 14.
'He that scattered Israel shall gather him as a shepherd doth his
flock. Therefore they shall come and sing in the height of Zion.'
Jer. xxxi. 10, 12.




28. LAZARUS 91
30. THE TE1iPLE 98
31. JUDAS .. 100
35. THE GARDEN 113
39. THE CROSS, PART I. 128
42. THE SOLDIERS .. 136
43. THE GRAE 138
47. THOMAS .. 153
48. THE DINNER 156
51. JOHN 169

As it '.s evident that the greatest accuracy is essential
in th(' FOUNDATION of an edifice, the writer has endea-
voured to pro'e every statement either by the notes or
by/ the I'reerences prefixed to each chapter, both of which
are intended solely for the use of the Teacher.
The hymnis, also, are not designed to be learned by




M Y dear little children;-You have seen the sun in
the sky.
Who put the sun in the sky ?-God.
Can you reach up so high ?-No.
Who holds up the sun that it does not fall ? *-It is
God lives in heaven; heaven is much higher than the
Can you see God ?-No.
Yet He can see you, for God sees everything.1
God made everything at first, and God takes care of
God made you, my little child, and God takes care of
you always.11

Upholding all things by the word of his power.' Heb. i. 3.
t 'He ascended up far above all heavens.' Eph. iv. 10.
( 'The eyes of the Lord are in every place, beholding the evil and
the good.' Prov. xv. 3.
'0 Lord, thou preservest man and beast.' Ps. xxxvi. 6.
] 'In him we live, and move, and have our being.' Acts, xvii. 28.


You have a little body; from your head down to your
feet, I call your body.
Put your hand before your mouth. What do you feel
coming out of your mouth ?
It is your breath. You breathe every moment. When
you are asleep, you breathe. You cannot help breathing.
But who gives you breath ? "
God does everything. God gave you this little body,
and He makes it live, and move, and breathe.
There are bones in your body. God has made them
strong and hard.t There are some bones for your arms,
and some bones for your legs. There is a bone for your
back, and more bones for your sides.
God has covered your bones with flesh. Your flesh is
soft and warm.
In your flesh there is blood.
God has put skin outside,j and it covers your flesh and
blood like a coat.
Now all these things, the bones, and flesh, and blood,
and skin, are called your body. How kind of God it was
to give you a body! I hope that your body will not
get hurt.
Will your bones break ?-Yes, they would, if you
were to fall down from a high place, or if a cart were to
go over them.
'He that giveth breath unto the people that are upon (the earth).'
Isa. xlii. 5.
t 'Thou hast fenced me with bones.' Job, x. 11.
$ 'Thou hast clothed me with skin and flesh.' Job, x. 11.
'I will praise thee, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made.'
Ps. cxxxix. 14.


If you were to be very sick, your flesh would waste
.away, and you would have scarcely anything left but skin
and bones.
Did you ever see a child who had been sick a very long
while ?
I have seen a sick baby. It had not round cheeks like
yours, and a fat arm like this. The baby's flesh was almost
gone, and its little bones were only covered with skin.
God has kept you strong and well.
How easy it would be to hurt your poor little body !
If it were to fall into the fire, it would be burned
up. If hot water were thrown upon it, it would be
scalded. If it were to fall into deep water, and not be
taken out very soon, it would be drowned. If a great
knife were run through your body, the blood would come
out. If a great box were to fall on your head, your
head would be crushed. If you were to fall out of the
window, your neck would be broken. If you were not
to eat some food for a few days, your little body would
be very sick, your breath would stop, and you would
grow cold, and you would soon be dead.
You see that you have a very weak little body.*
Can you keep your own body from being sick, and
from getting hurt ?
You should not try to hurt yourself, but God only
can keep your body from all harm, from fire and water,
from wounds and bruises, and all kinds of sickness.-
(They) that dwell in houses of clay, which are crushed before the
moth.' Job, iv. 19.
t 'The Lord shall preserve thee from all evil.' Ps. cxxi. 7.


Kneel down and say to God, 'Pray keep my poor little
body from getting hurt.' God will hear you, and go on
taking care of you.

1 My little body's made by God
Of soft warm flesh and crimson blood:
The slender bones are placed within,
And over all is laid the skin.

2 My little body's very weak;
A fall or blow my bones might break:
The water soon might stop my breath;
The fire might close my eyes in death.

3 But God can keep me by His care;
To Him I'll say this little pray'r:
0 God! from harm my body keep,
Both when I wake and when I sleep.'



I HAVE told you, my darling, about your little body.
Was your body always as big as it is now ?
No. Once it was very small indeed.
What were you called when your body was very
small ?-A baby.
Now you can take a little care of yourself, but then
you could take no care at all.
Can babies walk, or talk, or feed themselves, or dress
themselves ?-No.
But God sent you to a person who took great care of
you when you were a baby.
Who was it?
Your dear mother; she took care of you then. She
nursed you in her arms, and fed you, and took you out in
the air, and washed you, and dressed you.
Do you love your mother ?-Yes.
I know you do. But who gave you a mother? It
was God who sent you to a kind mother.
A little while ago there was no such little creature as
you.f Then God made your little body, and He sent you

This lesson is especially adapted to poor children. It would be
easy for a parent or teacher to speak to children of a higher class
upon the same subject in an appropriate manner.
t We are but of yesterday.' Job, viii. 9.


to your mother, who loved you as soon as she saw you.
It was God who made your mother love you so much,*
and made her so kind to you.
Your kind mother dressed your poor little body in
neat clothes, and laid you in a cradle. When you cried
she gave you food, and hushed you to sleep in her arms.
She showed you pretty things to make you smile. She
held you up, and showed you how to move your feet.
She taught you to speak, and she often kissed you, and
called you sweet names.
Is your mother kind to you still ?-Yes, she is, though
she is sometimes angry. But she wishes to make you
good : that is why she is sometimes angry.
Your mother has sent you to this nice school, and she
gives you supper when you go home. I know she will be-
kind to you as long as she lives.
But remember who gave you this mother. God sent
you to a dear mother, instead of putting you in the
fields, where no one would have seen you or taken care of
Can your mother keep you alive ?-No.
She can feed you, but she cannot make your breath
go on.
God thinks of you every moment.t If He were to
forget you, your breath would stop.

God had brought Daniel into favour and tender love with the
prince.' Dan. i. 9.
t 'Are not five sparrows sold for two farthings, and not one of them
is forgotten before God But even the very hairs of your head are all
numbered.' Luke, xii. 6, 7.

-L4 .



Do you ever thank your mother for her kindness ?-
Yes. You often say, 'Thank you,' and sometimes you put
your arms round her neck, and say, 'I do love you so
much, dear mother !' Will you not thank God who gave
you a mother, and who keeps you alive ? You should
kneel down when you speak to God; then you should say,
' 0 God, how good you have been to me I thank you,
and love you.'
Would God hear your little thanks ?-Yes, God would
hear, and be pleased.*

1 Who fed me from her gentle breast,
And hush'd me in her arms to rest,
And on my cheeks sweet kisses press'd?
My Mother.

2 When sleep forsook my open eye,
Who was it sang sweet hush-a-by,
And rock'd me that I should not cry?
My Mother.

3 Who sat and watch'd my infant head,
When sleeping on my cradle bed,
And tears of sweet affection shed ?
My Mother.

4 When pain and sickness made me cry,
Who gazed upon my heavy eye,
And wept for fear that I should die ?
My Mother.

'I will praise the name of God with a song, and will magnify him
with thanksgiving. This also shallplease the Lord better than an ox, or
bullock, that hath horns and hoofs.' Ps. Ixix. 30, 31.


5 Who ran to help me when I fell,
And would some pretty story tell,
Or kiss the place to make it well ?
My Mother.

6 Who taught my infant lips to pray,
And love God's holy book and day,
And walk in wisdom's pleasant way ?
My Mother.

7 And can I ever cease to be
Affectionate and kind to thee,
Who wast so very kind to me?
My Mother.

8 Ah, no! the thought I cannot bear,
And if God please my life to spare,
I hope I shall reward thy care,
My Mother.

9 When thou art feeble, old, and gray,
My healthy arm shall be thy stay,
And I will soothe thy pains away,
My Mother.

10 And when I see thee hang thy head,
'Twill be my turn to watch thy bed,
And tears of sweet affection shed,
My Mother.

11 For God, Who lives above the skies,
Would look with vengeance in His eyes
If ever I should dare despise
My Mother.
MJrs. Gilbert's Original Poems.



HAS God been kind to dogs?
Has He given them bodies ?-Yes.
Have they bones, and flesh, and blood, and skin?-
The dog has a body as well as you. Is the dog's body
like yours ?-No.
How many legs have you?-Two.
How many legs has the dog ?-Four.
Have you got arms ?-Yes, two.
Has the dog got arms ?-No, it has got no arms, nor
hands. But the dog has legs instead. Your skin is smooth,
but the dog is covered with hair.
Is the cat's body like yours ?-No; it is covered with
Is a chicken's body like yours? How many legs has
the chicken?-Two.
And so have you. But are its legs like yours?-No;
the chicken has very thin, dark legs, and it has claws
instead of feet.
Have you feathers on your skin? Have you wings?
Is your mouth like a chicken's beak? Has the chicken
any teeth?-No; the chicken's body is not at all like
yours. Yet the chicken has a body-for it has flesh, and
bones, and blood, and skin.


Has a fly got a body ?-Yes, it has a black body, and
six black legs, and two wings like glass. Its body is not
at all like yours.
Who gave bodies to dogs, horses, chickens, and flies?
Who keeps them alive ?
God thinks of all these creatures every moment.*
Can a dog thank God?
No; dogs and horses, sheep and cows, cannot thank
Why cannot they thank God?
Is it because they cannot talk?
That is not the reason.
The reason is, they cannot think of God. They never
heard of God. They cannot understand about God.t
Why not?-Because they have no souls, or spirits, like
Have you got a soul ?-Yes, in your body there is a soul
which will never die. Your soul can think of God.
When God made your body, He put your soul inside.
Are you glad of that ? When God made the dogs, He
put no soul like yours inside their bodies, and they cannot
think of God.
Can I see your soul ?-No; I cannot see it. No one can
see it but God. He knows what you are thinking of now.1

Are not five sparrows sold for two farthings, and not one of them
is forgotten before God Luke, xii. 6.
t 'Be not as the horse or the mule, which have no understanding.'
Ps. xxxii. 9.
: 'Thou, even thou only, knowest the hearts of all the children of
men.' 1 Kings, viii. 39.


Which is the best, your soul or your body ?-Your
soul is a great deal the best. Why is your soul the best ?
-Your body can die, but your soul cannot die.*
Shall I tell you what your body is made of?-Of dust.
God made the dust into flesh and blood.
What is your soul made of ?
Your soul, or spirit, is made of the breath of God.t
That little dog will die some day. Its body will be
thrown away.1 The dog will be quite gone when its body
is dead. But when your body dies, your soul will be
alive, and you will not be quite gone.
Where would you be put if you were dead ?-Your
body would be put in a hole in the ground, but your soul
would not be in the hole.|1
Even a baby has a soul, or a spirit.
One day as I was walking in the streets, I saw a man
carrying a box. Some people were walking behind, crying.
There was a dead baby in the box-Was the soul of the
baby in the box?
No; its soul was gone up to God.
Will you not thank God for giving you a spirit ? Will

'What shall a man give in exchange for his soul?' Matt. xvi. 26.
t 'And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and
breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and man became a living
soul.' Gen. ii. 7.
'The beasts that perish.' Ps. xi. 26.
'Who knoweth the spirit of man that goeth upward, and the spirit
of the beast that goeth downward to the earth ?' Eccles. iii. 21.
| Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was, and the spirit
shall return unto God that gave it.' Eccles. xii. 7.
I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me.' 2 Sam. xii. 23.


you not ask Him to take your spirit to live with Him when
your body dies? *
Say to God, 'Pray, take my spirit to live with Thee
when my body dies and turns into dust.'
Tell me, mamma, if I must die
One day, as little baby died;
And look so very pale, and lie
Down in the pit-hole by his side?
Shall I leave dear papa and you,
And never see you any more ?
Tell me, mamma, if this is true?
I did not know it was before.
'Tis true, my love, that you must die;
The God who made you says you must:
And every one of us shall lie,
Like the dear baby, in the dust.
These hands, and feet, and busy head,
Shall waste and rumble quite away;
But though your body shall be dead,
There is a part which can't decay.
Jane Taylor's Hymns for Infant Minds.
What is that part which can't decay ?
It is your soul.
Your body will decay; it will turn into dust; but
your soul will live for ever : it will never decay.
'We are willing rather to be absent from the body, and present with
the Lord.' 2 Cor. v. 8.



YOU know that God lives in heaven. He has no body,
for He is a spirit.*
Does He live in heaven alone ?-No; angels stand all
round His throne.t
What are angels?
Angels are spirits.t They are bright like the sun,
but they are not so bright as God, for He is brighter than
the sun.11 The angels are always looking at God, and it
is God that makes them shine so bright.
They sing sweet songs about God.**
They say, 'How good God is how wise how great!'

God is a spirit.' John. iv. 24.
t 'All the angels stood round about the throne.' Rev. vii. 11.
T 'Who maketh his angels spirits.' Ps. civ. 4.
'His countenance was like lightning.' Matt. xxviii. 3.
11 'I saw in the way a light from heaven, above the brightness of the
sun.' Acts, xxvi. 13.
Their angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in
heaven.' Matt, xviii. 10.
** 'I heard the voice of many angels, saying with a loud voice, Worthy
is the Lamb, &c. And every creature which is in heaven, &c., heard I
saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto him that
sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb, for ever and ever.' Rev.
v. 11-13.


There is no night in heaven,* for the angels are never
tired of singing, and they never wish to sleep.t
They are never sick, and they will never die.
They never weep; there are no tears upon their
-cheeks, but sweet smiles, for angels are always happy.1
If the angels were naughty, they would be unhappy.
Naughtiness always makes people unhappy.
The angels are quite good. They love God very
-much, and mind all He says.|1
They have wings, and can fly very quickly.** God
sends them down here to take care of us.tt As soon as
God tells an angel to go, he begins to fly.ff They are
very strong, and can keep us from harm.
There shall be no night there.' Rev. xxii. 5.
t It is said of the four beasts (which certainly signify saints), 'That
they rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty.'
Rev. iv. 8. Angels 'excel in strength.' Ps. ciii. 20.
I It is said of the saints, God shall wipe away all tears from their
eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying,
neither shall there be any more pain.' Rev. xxi. 4. And the saints will
then be 'equal unto the angels.' Luke, xx. 35, 36.
God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down into
hell.' 2 Pet. ii 4.
II 'Bless the Lord, all ye his hosts; ye ministers of his that do his
]pleasure.' Ps. ciii. 21.
91 'Above it stood the seraphim: each one had six wings.' Isa. vi. 2.
** 'The man Gabriel, being caused to fly swiftly.' Dan. ix. 21.
ft 'Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for
them who shall be heirs of salvation?' Heb. i. 14.
+ + '(They) do his commandments, hearkening to the voice of his word.'
Ps. ciii. 20.
S' (Angels) shall bear thee up in their hands, lest thou dash thy foot
against a stone.' Ps. xci. 12.


Should you like the angels to be near you at night?:
Do you know this pretty verse or hymn ?
I lay my body down to sleep,
Let angels guard my head,
And through the hours of darkness keep
Their watch around my bed.

You must ask God to send the angels, for they never
go, except when God sends them.*
God is their Father.f They have not two fathers, as
you have. The angels are the children of God, and live
in God's house in heaven. When you' mind what your
father tells you, then you are like the angels who mind
The angels love us very much. They wish us to grow
good, and to come to live with them in heaven.t When
a child is sorry for its naughtiness, and prays to God to
forgive it, the angels are very much pleased.
When a little child who loves God falls sick, and is
going to die, God says to the angels, 'Go and fetch that

'Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, and he
shall presently give me more than twelve legions of angels Matt.
xxvi. 53.
t 'Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth
When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted
for joy Job, xxxviii. 4, 7.
1 'Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say
unto you, That in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my
Father which is in heaven.' Matt. xviii. 10.
There is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner
that repenteth.' Luke, xv. 10.


little child's soul up to heaven.'* Then the angels fly
down, the little darling shuts its eyes, it lays its head on
its mother's bosom, its breath stops;-the child is dead.
Where is its soul ? the angels are carrying it up to
How happy the child is now Its pain is over ; it is
grown quite good ;t it is bright like an angel.- It holds
a harp in its hand, and begins to sing a sweet song of
praise to God. Its little body is put into a grave, and
turns into dust. One day God will make its body alive
Dear children, will you pray to God to send His angels
to fetch your souls when you die?

Around God's glorious throne above
The happy angels stand,
And ever praise the God they love,
And fly at His command.

Their faces, like the sun, are bright,
And sweetest smiles they wear;
They never sleep; there is no night,
Nor need of candle there.

'And it came to pass that the beggar died, and was carried by
angels into Abraham's bosom.' Luke, xvi. 22.
t 'The spirits of just men made perfect.' Heb. xii. 23.
1 'Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of
their Father.' Matt. xiii. 43.
I heard the voice of harpers harping with their harps. These were
redeemed from among men.' Rev. xiv. 2, 4.


But though the angels live so high,
They love us men below,
And hope to see us in the sky
In garments white as snow.

And when a dying infant lies
Upon its mother's breast,
The angels watch it while it dies,
And take its soul to rest.




W HEN did God begin to live in heaven?
God always lived in heaven.*
Once there was no such little child as you, but there
always was God.
Once there was no sun, but there always was God.
Once there were no angels,tj but there always was God.
No one made God ; God was the first of all things, and
God made everything.
A very long while ago God made the angels. How
many angels did He make?
No one could tell how many. There were more than
could be counted.f They were all good and happy.
But some of the angels grew bad. They left off loving
God, and grew proud, and disobedient.
Would God let them stay in heaven after they were
No; He cast them out, and put them in chains and
'From everlasting to everlasting thou art God.' Ps. xc. 2.
t 'By him were all things created that are in heaven, and that are
in earth, visible and invisible.' Col. i. 16.
T An innumerable company of angels.' Heb. xii. 22.
'The angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own
habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness, unto
the judgment of the great day.' Jude, 6.


One of these bad angels was called Satan. He is the
chief, or prince of the bad angels. He is called the
The devil is very wicked,t and hates God. He can
never go back to heaven again,j but he comes here where
we live, and he brings the other devils with him.|1
We cannot see Satan, because he is a spirit, but he
is always walking about, and trying to make people
Satan loves mischief; he does not wish to be good. It
pleases Satan to see people in pain and in tears ;** but it
pleases him best to see them naughty, because then he
thinks that they will come and live with him in his dark
place. He wishes that there should be a great many

'The old serpent, called the Devil and Satan, which deceiveth the
whole world : he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast
out with him.' Rev. xii. 9. 'The prince of the power of the air.'
Eph. ii. 2.
t 'The devil sinneth from the beginning.' 1 John, iii. 8.
S' But the angels which kept not their first estate he hath reserved
in everlasting chains.' Jude, 6.
S' Then Satan answered the Lord, and said, From going to and fro
in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.' Job, i. 7.
I (Satan) was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out
with him.' Rev. xii. 9.
The spirit which now worketh in the children of disobedience.'
Eph. ii. 2.
** In mine adversity they rejoice.' Ps. xxxv. 15. 'Thou lovest evil
more than good.' Ps. lii. 3. 'He loves cursing.' Ps. cix. 17. All that
is said of the wicked applies in a higher degree to Satan as the author of
sin, for Christ said to the wicked, '-Ye are of your father the devil, and
the lusts of your father ye will do.' John, viii. 44.


people in hell, so he tries to make us do wicked things,
and keep us from praying to God.*
I cannot tell you how very bad Satan is. He is very
cruel, for he likes to give pain.t He is a liar and teaches
people to tell lies.F He is proud, and wishes people to
mind him more than God. He is envious, and cannot
bear to see people happy.|[
The devil hopes very much that you will come and
live with him when you die. He knows that if you are
bad like him, you will live with him. So he tries to make
you like himself. When you are in a passion you are
like the devil. When you say, 'I don't care,' you are
like the devil. When you think yourself good, you are
proud like the devil.
Can God keep you from minding the devil? Yes ; He
can: for God is a great deal stronger than Satan.T

Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to have you, that he may sift
you as wheat.' Luke, xxii. 31. 'For if our gospel be hid, it is hid to
them that are lost : in whom the god of this world hath blinded the
minds of them that believe not.' 2 Cor. iv. 3, 4.
t Satan is called'a roaring lion.' 1 Pet. v. 8. His 'fiery darts'are
spoken of, Eph. vi. 16.
S' He is a liar, and the father of it.' John, viii. 44.
All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and wor-
ship me.' Matt. iv. 9.
SThis is proved by Satan having ruined man, and by his continuing
to tempt him.
'0 Lord God of hosts, who is a strong Lord like unto thee '
Ps. lxxxix. 8.
To. Teachers.-A very young child would not understand the re-
mainder of this chapter, except the last sentence ; therefore it would be
better to miss this passage when the pupil is of a very tender age.


Besides this, God is always near you, for God is every-
where. Now Satan cannot be everywhere at the same
time. It is true that Satan has a great many angels who
go where he tells them ; and that Satan and his angels
come near you very often. But God is always with you;
He is before you and behind you, and on every side of
you; He is about your bed when you sleep, and about
your path when you walk."* Therefore you need not be
afraid of Satan; only ask God to help you, and He will
do so.
Satan is much stronger than we are ;t but God is
stronger than all. If anybody were to come to hurt you
when you were alone, you would be frightened ; but if
you saw your father coming you would run to him, and
you would not be frightened any more. Now God is our
Father; He can keep Satan from hurting you. Pray to
Him, and say, '0 dear Father, keep me, from being wicked
like the devil, and from going to hell.'I
Satan was once an angel bright,
And worshipped God on high;
But now he dwells in darkest night
And endless misery.
Daring his God to disobey,
He lost his happy state :

'Thou compassest my path, and my lying down, and art acquainted
with all my ways. Thou hast beset me behind and before.' Ps.
cxxxix. 3, 5.
t 'For we wrestle not against flesh and blood,bnt against principalities,
against powers.' Eph. vi. 12.
1 Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.' Jam. iv. 7.


Sinners above could never stay
Around God's throne to wait.

Thousands of angels with him fell,
Who own him as their king;
Hoping with us to share their hell,
They tempt our souls to sin.

God, unto Thee I'll lift my pray'r,
(He'll hear an infant cry,)
Save me, 0 Lord, lest I should share
In Satan's misery.'

On the subjects of the preceding Lessons.
God lives on high-beyond the sky,
And angels bright--all clothed in white,
The praises sing-of heaven's King.

This God can see-both you and me;
Can see at night-as in the light;
And all we do-remembers too.

'Tis He bestows-my food and clothes,
And my soft bed-to rest my head,
And cottage neat-and mother sweet.

And should not I-for ever try
To do what He-has ordered me,
And dearly love-this Friend above?


I always should-be very good:
At home should mind-my parents kind;
At school obey-what teachers say.

Now if I fight-and scratch, and bite,
In passions fall-and bad names call,
Full well I know-where I shall go.

Satan is glad-when I am bad,
And hopes that I-with him shall lie
In fire and chains--and dreadful pains.

And liars dwell-with him in hell,
And many more-who cursed and swore,
And all who did-what God forbid.

And I have not-done what I ought;
I am not fit-with God to sit,
And angels bright-all clothed in white.

I will confess-my naughtiness,
And will entreat-for mercy sweet.
0 Lord! forgive-and let me live.

My body must-be turned to dust.
Then let me fly-beyond the sky,
And see Thy face-in that sweet place.


GEN. i. 1-10.

T HIS large place we live in is called the world.
It is very beautiful. If we look up we see the blue
sky, if we look down we see the green grass.
The sky is like a curtain spread over our heads, the
grass like a carpet under our feet, and the bright sun is
like a candle to give us light. It was very kind of God to
make such a beautiful world, and let us live in it.
God was in heaven, and all His bright angels around
Him, when He began to make the world.* God's Son was
with hinm-for God always had a Son,t just like Himself.1
His Son's name is Jesus ('ihri-. He is as good and
great as God His Father. The Father and the Son are
God : they always lived together, and they love each other
exceedingly. The Father and the Son are one God, and
they made the world. (

S' Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth ? and
all the sons of God shouted for joy V Job, xxxviii. 4, 7.
t 'I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the-
earth was. When he appointed the foundations of the earth, then I was
by him.' Prov. viii. 23, 29, 30.
$ 'The express image of his person.' Heb. i. 3.
'I was daily his delight.' Prov. viii. 30. 'But that the world may
know that I love the Father.' John, xiv. 31.
S' In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and
the Word was God. All things were made by him.' John, i. 1, 3.


How did God make the world?-By speaking. First
of all, God made the light. God said, 'Let there be
light,' and there was light. No one can make things by
speaking but God : God made things of nothing. He only
spoke, and the light came.*
Then God made the air.
You cannot see the air, but you can feel it. The air is
everywhere. You can sometimes hear the noise it makes,
for you hear the wind blow, and the wind is air.
Next God put some water up very high. The clouds.
are full of water, and sometimes the water comes down,
and we call it rain.
God made a large deep place, and filled it with water.
God spoke to the water, and it rushed into the deep place.
God called this water the sea.t
The sea is very large, and it is always moving up and
down, and tossing itself; but it cannot get out of the
large deep place in which God has put it; for God said,
'Stay there.'}
When the wind blows hard, the sea makes a loud
noise, and roars.

'Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the
word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things
which do appear.' Heb. xi. 3.
t The waters stood above the mountains. At thy rebuke they fled :
they go down by the valleys unto the place which thou hast founded for
them.' Ps. civ. 6-8.
+ '( lWhen I) brake up for it my decreed place, and set bars and doors,
and said, Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further; and here shall thy
proud waves be stayed.' Job, xxxviii. 10, 11.


God made some dry land for us to walk upon : we call
it ground. We could not walk upon the sea nor build
houses on the sea : but the ground is hard, and firm, and
Now I have told you of five things that God made :-
1. The light.
2. The air.
3. The clouds.
4. The sea.
5. The dry land.
Let us praise God for making such a large and
beautiful world.

'Twas God who made this world so fair,
The shining sun, the sky, the air;
'Twas God who made the sea, the ground,
And all the things I see around.

When He began the world to make,
These were the mighty words He spake;
'Let there be light:' His voice was heard,
And the obedient light appeared.

The angels saw the light arise,
And with their praises filled the skies.
How great our God! How wise! How strong!'
Such is their never-ending song.



GEN. i. 11-19.

W HEN God made the dry land, there was nothing on
it: it was bare. So God spake, and things grew
out of the ground.
Trees came out of it; they were covered with green
leaves of different shapes. Some were called oak-trees,
and some were called elm-trees, and some beech-trees.
And some trees bore nice fruit, such as plum-trees, apple-
trees, orange-trees, and fig-trees.
Vegetables grew out of the earth ; potatoes and beans,
cabbages and lettuces : they are called vegetables.
Corn came out of it. Some corn is called wheat, and
some corn is called barley, and some is called oats. The
ears of corn bend down when they are ripe, and look
yellow like gold.
God made the soft green grass to spring up, and
flowers to grow among the grass; flowers ofall colours, and
of the sweetest smell. The yellow buttercup, the white
lily, the blue violet, and the rose, the most beautiful of all
I have told you of five sorts of things that grow out of
the earth :


1. Trees.
2. Vegetables.
3. Corn.
4. Grass.
5. Flowers.
The world looked very beautiful when it was covered with
grass and trees. But only God and the angels saw its beauty.
Afterwards God placed the sun in the sky, and bade
it shine all day, and go from one end of the world to the
other.* God made the moon to shine at night, and He
covered the sky with stars.
You never saw anything so bright as the sun. It is.
very large indeed, only it looks small, because it is a great
way off. It cannot fall, for God holds it up.t God makes
it move across the sky. Did you ever hear this pretty
verse about the sun?-
My God, who makes the sun to know
His proper hour to rise,
And to give light to all below,
Doth send him round the skies.
Dr. Watts.
The moon does not shine as brightly as the sun, for
God lets it be dark at night, that we may rest and sleep

God demands of Job, Hast thou commanded the morning since
thy days ; and caused the dayspringto know its place V' Job, xxxvii. 12.
t 'Upholding all things by the word of his power.' Heb. i. 3.
H He appointed the moon for seasons; the sun knoweth his going
down. Thou makest darkness, and it is night. Man gooth forth unto
his work and to his labour until the evening.' Ps. civ. 19, 20, 23.


Who could count the stars ?-No one but God.U He
knows their names and their number too.t When we look
at the moon and stars, let us think how great God is!'
Yet He cares for the little birds, and loves little children.t
I saw the glorious sun arise
From yonder mountain gray;
And as he travell'd through the skies,
The darkness went away;
And all around me was so bright,
I wished it would be always light.
But when his shining course was done
The gentle moon drew nigh,
And stars came twinkling, one by one,
Upon the shady sky.
Who made the sun to shine so far,
The moon and every twinkling star ?
'Twas God, my child, who made them all
By His almighty skill;
He keeps them, that they do not fall,
And guides them as He will:
That glorious God who lives afar,
In heaven, beyond the highest star.
Jane Taylor's Iymns for infant Minds.
'As the host of heaven cannot be numbered.' Jer. xxxiii. 22.
t 'Behold, who hath created these things, that bringeth out their
host by number : he calleth them all by names by the greatness of his
might.' Isa. xl. 26.
S' When I consider the heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon
and the stars, which thou hast ordained; what is man that thou art
mindful of him?' Ps. viii. 3, 4.



GEN. i. 20-25.

GOD had made a great many things ; but none of these
things were alive. At last He made some living
things. He spoke, and the water was filled with fishes,
more than could be counted.
Some were very small, and some were very large. *
Have you heard of the great whale? It is a fish as long
as a church.t Fishes are cold, and they have no feet, and
they cannot sing, nor speak.
God made some creatures, more beautiful than fish, to
fly about in the air. The birds :-they perched upon the
trees, and sang among the branches.f
Birds have wings, and are covered with feathers of all
colours. The robin has a red breast ; the goldfinch has
some yellow feathers; and the jay some blue ones : but

'This great and wide sea, wherein are things creeping innumerable,
both small and great beasts.' Ps. civ. 24.
t Some have been taken of 100 feet long, and almost as much in cir-
cumference : though now, in consequence of the increased activity of the
fishery, whales seldom live long enough to attain their full growth.-
Encylopcedia Britannica, Art. Cetology.'
$ 'The fowls of the heaven, which sing among the branches.' Ps.
civ. 12.


the peacock is the most beautiful of birds.*" It has a
little tuft upon its head, and a long train that sweeps
behind; sometimes it spreads out its feathers, and they
look like a large fan. The thrush, the blackbird, and the
linnet, can sing sweetly : but there is one bird that can
sing more sweetly still-it is the nightingale. At night,
when all the other birds have left off singing, the night-
ingale may be heard in the woods.
Some birds swim upon the water; such as geese, and
ducks, and the beautiful swan, with its long neck and its
feathers like the snow.
Some birds are very tall. The ostrich is as tall as a
man. It cannot fly like other birds, but it can run very
fast indeed.
The eagle builds its nest in a very high place.t Its
wings are very strong, and it can fly as high as the
The gentlest of the birds is the dove. It cannot sing,
but it sits alone and moans softly, as if it was sad.
I cannot tell you the names of all the birds, but you
can think of the names of some other kinds.
There is another sort of living creatures, called insects.
God made them come out of the earth, and not out of
Gavest thou the goodly wings unto the peacocks .' Job, xxxix. 13.
i 'Doth the eagle mount up at thy command, and make her nest on
high?' Job, xxxix. 27.
t 'They that wait upon the Lord shall renew their strength; they
shall mount up with wings as eagles.' Isa. xl. 31.
'They that escape of them shall escape, and shall be on the moun-
tains like doves of the valleys, all of them mourning, every one for his
iniquity.' Ezek. vii. 16.


the water, like fishes. Insects are small, and creep upon
the earth ; such as ants. Some insects can fly also ; such
as bees and butterflies. The bee sucks the juice of flowers,
and makes wax and honey. How gay are the wings of
the butterfly! they are covered with little feathers, too
small to be seen.
All the insects were good and pretty when God made
At last God made the beasts. They came out of the
earth when God spoke. Beasts walk upon the earth;
most of them have four legs. You know the names of a
great many sorts of beasts. Sheep and cows, dogs and
cats, are beasts. But there are many other sorts besides :
the squirrel that jumps from bough to bough, the rabbit
that lives in a hole underground, and the goat that climbs
the high hills; the stag with his beautiful horns, the
lion with his yellow hair, the tiger whose skin is marked
with stripes. The elephant is the largest of the beasts,
the lion is the strongest, the dog is the most sensible,
the stag is the most beautiful, but the lamb is the
gentlest. The dove is the gentlest of the birds, and
the lamb is the gentlest of the beasts.
Now God had filled the world with living creatures,
and they were all good : even lions and tigers were good
and harmless. I have told you of four sorts of living
creatures :
1. Fishes.
2. Birds.
3. Insects.
4. Beasts.


All these creatures have bodies, but they have not
souls like you. They can move and breathe. God feeds
them every day, and keeps them alive.* The Lord is
good to them all.

When God first clothed the earth with green
And sprinkled it with flow'rs,
There was no living creature seen
Within its pleasant bow'rs.
Soon by His word God fill'd the earth,
And waters underneath,
With things above the plants in worth,
That feel and move and breathe.
The fishes cover'd o'er with scales,
In ocean swiftly glide;
With their vast tails the wondrous whales
Scatter the waters wide.
The birds among the branches sing,
And chief the nightingale:
The peacock shines with painted wing,
The dove does softly wail.
Insects with humming fill the air,
And sparlde in the sun:
The butterfly by colours fair
Surpasses every one.
The beasts tread firmly on the ground;
The goat has nimble feet;
The stag's with branching antlers crown'd;
The lamb's most soft and sweet.

'These wait all upon thee ; that thou mayest give them their meat
in due season.' Ps. civ. 27.


Pleasure the whole creation fills;
They leap, they swim, they fly;
They skim the plains, they climb the hills,
Or in the valleys lie.
With herb for meat the Lord provides
His numerous family;
The lion with the lamb abides,
The dove and hawk agree.
In all the woods no sound of strife,
Or piteous moans arise;
None takes away his fellow's life,
And none expiring lies.
Those happy days, alas! are past,
And death has entered here;
Why did they not for ever last ?
And when did death appear ?


GEN. i. 26, to the end of chap. ii.
OW I shall tell you of the last thing God made.
God took some of the dust of the ground, and made
the body of a man; then He breathed on it, and gave it a
soul; so the man could understand about God. Adam
was quite good like God.* Adam loved God very much.
God put him in a very pretty garden, full of trees
covered with fruit. This garden was called the garden of
Eden. God showed Adam all the beasts and birds, and
let Adam give them what names he pleased. He said to
Adam, 'I give you all the fishes, and insects, and birds,
and beasts; you are their master.' So Adam was king
over all things on the earth.
God said to Adam, 'You may eat of the fruit that
grows on the trees in the garden.' Still God did not let
him be idle, but told him to take care of the garden. You
see how very kind God was to Adam.
But Adam had no friend to be with him; for the
beasts and birds could not talk to Adam. Then God said
He would make a woman, to be a friend to Adam. So
God made Adam fall fast asleep. God took a piece of
bone and flesh out of his side, and made it into a woman.
When Adam woke, he saw her. He knew that she was

'God hath made man upright.' Eccles. vii. 29.


made of his flesh and bone, and he loved her very much.
Her name was woman,' and afterwards her name was
You have heard of all the things God made. They
were all beautiful; and all the living things were quite
happy; there was no pain, and no sighing, and no sin in
all the world.
God had been six days in making the world. And
when He had finished it, He rested on the seventh day,
and made no more things.
The angels saw the world that God had made : they
were pleased, and sang a sweet song of praise to God."
Jesus Christ the Son of God was pleased, for He loved
Adam and Eve.f
How did I know about the world being made ? It is
written in the Bible, which is God's own book.
Let us count over all the things that God made:
1. Light.
2. Air.
3. Clouds.
4. Sea.
5. Dry land.
6. Things that grow out of the earth.
7. Sun, moon, and stars.
8. Living creatures.

'Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? When
the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy'
Job, xxxviii. 4, 7.
t 'Rejoicing in the habitable part of his earth; and my delights were
with the sons of men.' Prov. viii. 31.


GEN. iii.

A DAM and Eve were very happy in the garden of
Eden. They talked to each other, and walked to-
gether, and they never quarrelled, and they praised God
for all His kindness to them.
God used to talk with them sometimes. They were
pleased to hear His voice, for they were not afraid of Him.
There was one thing that God had told them not to do.
There was a tree in the middle of the garden. Some
beautiful fruit grew upon it; but God said to Adam and
Eve, You must not eat of the fruit of that tree; for if
you eat of it, you shall die.'
Adam and Eve liked to obey God, and they did not
wish to eat of this fruit.
You know that the wicked angel, Satan, hates God,
and he hated Adam and Eve.*" He wished to make them
naughty, that they might go to hell and be burned.in his
fire. So he thought he would ask them to eat of that
fruit. He went into the garden, and looked like a
serpent. _
S' Love is of God; and every one that loveth is born of God, and
knoweth God.' 1 John, iv. 7.
t 'That old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the
whole world.' Rev. xii. 9.


He saw Eve alone near the tree.
He said to her, Why do you not eat of this fruit ?'
Eve answered, No, I will not; we must not eat of
that fruit. If we do, God has said we shall die.'
Then the serpent said,' You shall not die; the fruit
will make you wise.'
Eve looked at the fruit, and thought it seemed nice
and pretty and she picked some and ate it; and she gave
some to Adam, and he ate it.
It was very wicked of them to eat this fruit. Now
they were grown naughty, and did not love God.*
Soon they heard God speaking in the garden; then
they were frightened, and they went and hid themselves
among the trees.
But God saw them; for He can see everywhere.
So God said, 'Adam, where art thou ?' Then Adam
and Eve came from under the trees.
God said to Adam, 'Have you eaten the fruit that I
told you not to eat ?'
And Adam said,' It was this woman who asked me
to eat some.'
And God said to Eve, 'What is this that thou hast
done ?'
And Eve said, 'The serpent asked me to eat.'
God was very angry with the serpent, and said he
should be punished for ever and ever.f
God said to Adam and Eve, 'You shall die. I made
your bodies of dust, and they will turn to dust again.'
'By one man's disobedience many were made sinners.' Rom. v. 19.
t 'It shall bruise thy head.' Gen. iii. 15.


God would not let them stay in the sweet garden. He
made them go out. He would not let them come back.
He told one of His bright angels to stand before the gate
with a sword of fire, and to keep Adam and Eve out of
the garden.

Near Eden's land, in days gone by,
A lovely garden stood:
The trees were pleasant to the eye;
The fruit was good for food.
Two holy creatures spent their days
Within that garden fair:
In love they dwelt; they sang God's praise,
And humbly knelt in prayer.
In that sweet land one tree was placed,
Their faithful love to try,
'That fruit,' God said, 'you shall not taste:
Who eats shall surely die.'
O why did Eve to Satan's lies
So readily attend ?
Upon the fruit why fix her eyes,
Then pluck it with her hand ?
No more shall Eve or Adam stay
Within that garden fair;
An angel stands to guard the way,
That none may enter there.


GEN. iii. 14-24.

ARE you not very sorry to hear that Adam and Eve
were turned out of the garden ?
It was not so pleasant outside of the garden. A great
many weeds and thistles grew outside; but in the garden
there were only pretty flowers and sweet fruits.
Adam was forced to dig the ground till he was hot and
tired, for he could not always find fruit upon the trees.
Now Adam felt pain in his body sometimes; and his
hair became gray, and at last he was quite old.
Eve was very often sick and weak, and tears ran down
her cheeks.
Poor Adam and Eve! if you had obeyed God you
would have been happy for ever.
Adam and Eve knew that they must die at last. God
gave them some little children; and Adam and Eve knew
that their children must die too. God had told them that
their bodies were made of dust, and that they must turn
to dust again.
But there was something more sad still. They were
grown wicked. They did not love praising God, as they
once had done, but they liked doing many naughty things.*

'The carnal mind is enmity against God, for it is not subject to the
law of God, neither indeed can be.' Rom. viii. 7.


They were grown like Satan; so Satan hoped that when
their bodies were put into the ground their spirits would
be with him; for Satan knew that the wicked could not
live with God in heaven.*
And they would have gone to hell, and all their children
too, had not God taken pity upon them. God, who is
very kind, had found out a way to save them.
God had said to His Son, a long, long while before,
Adam and Eve and all their children must go to hell
for their wickedness, unless you die instead of them.t
My beloved Son, I will send you; you shall have a
body; you shall go and live in the world, and you
shall obey me, and you shall die for Adam and his
The Son said to His Father, 'I will come: I will do
all that you desire me to do. It is my delight to obey
So the Son promised that He would die for Adam and
Eve, and for their children.

'And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to
have you.' Luke, xxii. 3.
The constant efforts of Satan to tempt man to commit sin show that
he is aware of the destructive nature of sin; as it is undeniable that he
desires to destroy man.
S' Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and
sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins.' 1 John, iv. 10. 'Who
verily was fore-ordained before the foundation of the world.' 1 Pet. i. 20.
t I have kept my Father's commandments, and abide in his love.'
John, xv. 10.
'Then said I, Lo, I come: I delight to do thy will, 0 my God: yea,
thy law is within my heart.' Ps. xl. 8.


How kind it was of the Father to spare His dear
Son, whom He loved so very much!* How kind it
was of the Son to leave His throne of light, His bright
angels, and His dear Father, and to take a body and
to die!t
You know that we are some of Adam's children's
children. It was for us that Jesus came to die. We are
wicked, and we should go to hell, if Jesus had not
promised to die for us.t We ought to love the Father
and the Son, because they had pity on us.
Let us praise God with the angels, and say,-
'We thank Thee, 0 Father, for Thy tender love, in
giving up Thine only Son.
'We thank Thee, 0 Son, for Thy tender love, in
coming down to bleed and die.'
The Father waited a long while before He sent His
Son down to be a man.
All the time the Son waited in heaven He thought
of what He promised to do; Il but He would not

*' Thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world.' John,
xvii. 24.
t 'The glory which I had with thee before the world was.' John,
xvii. 5.
T 'As in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.'
1 Cor. xv. 22.
I heard the voice of many angels, saying, Worthy is the Lamb
that was slain. And every creature heard I saying, Blessing, and honour,
and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and
unto the Lamb, for ever and ever.' Rev. v. 12-14.
l| Visits of the Son of God to man, in anticipation of His sacrifice,
are recorded often in the Old Testament. His visit to Abraham, in


go and be a man till His Father pleased to send
Adam has sinn'd: and on the ground
Shall thorns and thistles grow;
His body lie in dust; his soul-
Ah whither shall it go?
Shall one who dared to disobey,
With God for ever dwell?
When angels sinn'd God did not spare,
But cast them down to hell.
Yet long before the world was made
Our God contrived a plan,
By which his sinful soul to save,
And pardon guilty man.
The Father said His Son should die,
The Son replied, 'I will:
A feeble body I will take;
This body men shall kill.'
Father, how great Thy love to man,
To send Thy Son from high!
How great Thy love, O glorious Son,
To come and bleed and die!

Gen. xviii.; to Jacob, Gen. xxxii.; to Moses in the bush, Exod. iii.; to
Joshua, Jos. v.; to Isaiah, Isa. vi., compared with John, xii. 41.
The Son of God is evidently referred to in the following passage:
'He bare them and carried them all the days of old.' Isa. 1xiii. 9.
When the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son.'
Gal. iv. 4.


LUKE, i. 26-55.
GOD told Adam and Eve that He would send His Son
down some day to die for them. But Adam and
Eve did not love God; for they were grown wicked.
Could God make them good?
Yes; He could: for there is the Holy Spirit in heaven,
and the Holy Spirit could come into them and make
them good.
You know, my little children, we are wicked, and God
can make us good with His Holy Spirit. If God puts
His Holy Spirit in us, we shall not go to hell, and live
with Satan.*
I hope you wiill ask God to give you His Holy Spirit.
Say to God,' 0 give me Thy Holy Spirit, to make me
Adam had a great many children and grandchildren,
and they had more children; at last the.world was full of
people-more people than you could count.
After Adam and Eve had been dead a long while, and
when the world was full of people, God said to His Son,
'Now, my beloved Son, go down into the world.'

S' God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation, through
.n,, .,r ,r," .,1 of the Spirit, and belief of the truth.' 2 Thess. ii. 13.


But God chose that His Son should be a little baby at
first-because everybody is a little baby at first.
God sent His Son to be the baby of a poor woman.
This woman's name was Mary. Mary had no little
children. She was a good woman and loved God.
God's Holy Spirit was in her, and made her meek and
One day an angel came to her. When Mary saw the
bright angel, she was frightened: but the angel said, 'Fear
not, Mary; God loves you. He will send you a baby,
that shall be the Son of God. You shall call His name
Jesus. He will come to save people from Satan.'
Mary was much surprised at what the angel said. She
thought she was not good enough to have such a baby as
the Lord Jesus.
When the angel was gone back to heaven, Mary sang
a sweet song of praise to God for His goodness. Mary
said, 'My soul praises God, and my spirit is glad because
of my Saviour.'
Mary called her baby her Saviour, for she knew that
He would save her from hell.

I wonder not that Mary fear'd
When Gabriel to her appeared;
How could she know he came to bring
So sweet a message from his King ?

Full long the Son in heaven had stay'd,
Since first the promise had been made
To shed His blood for Adam's sin,
And happiness-for man to win.


But yet the Son had ne'er forgot,
And what He said He changed not;
The time was come He should be born,
And in this world should live forlorn.

Mary shall be the mother dear,
Who in her arms the child shall bear;
The angel came this news to bring,
And Mary listen'd wondering.

And did the Lord a poor maid choose-
And all the great and rich refuse?
High honours God delights to place
On those who humbly seek His face.


LUKE, ii. 1-7.
MARY had a husband called Joseph. He was a good
man, and very kind to Mary.
Now before Mary's baby was born, a great king said
that everybody must have their names written down.*
So Mary and Joseph left their house, and went a great
way off. At last they came to a town called Bethlehem.
It was night. Where could they sleep?
They went to an inn, and said, Do let us in. We
have come from a great way off.'
But the master of the inn said, 'I have no room in my
inn for you.'
What could poor Mary do? Must she sleep in the
street ?
Mary said she would sleep in the stable if the master
would let her.
So Mary and Joseph went into the stable. There were
cows and asses in the stable.
While Mary was in the stable, God sent her the little
baby He had promised her. She knew He was the Son of
God, though He looked like other little babies.

The word translated 'taxed,' signifies 'enrolled.' A general census
of the Roman empire was made at this time.


She wrapped Him in some long clothes, called swad-
dling clothes ; but she had no cradle for Him to sleep in,
and she could not lay him on the ground, lest the beasts
should tread upon Him; so she put Him in the manger,
and she sat by Him to take care of Him.
How dearly Mary loved this sweet babe!
This baby had not a naughty heart, as other babies
have.* Jesus had no sin, but was quite meek and lowly.
Yet other babies have cradles and soft pillows, while Jesus
lay in a manger.
I will tell you a verse to say to your little baby-
brother when you rock his cradle:-

Soft and easy is thy cradle;-
Coarse and hard thy Saviour lay
When His birthplace was a stable,
And His softest bed was hay.
Dr. Watts's Cradle Hymn.

'That holy thing which shall be born of thee.' Luke, i. 35. Was
in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.' Heb. iv. 15.

-- _

....... ... ..



LUKE, ii. 8-20.

T HERE were some fields near Bethlehem. On the ri-_LP
when Jesus was born, some shepherds were sitting
by their sheep in those fields. Why did they sit up at
night? To keep their sheep from the wolves and lions
which walk about at night. There are no lions where we
live, but near Bethlehem there were some.
These shepherds saw a great light. A 1-.it a : 1
came from heaven. The poor shepherds were i;i
but the angel said, 'Fear not, I have sweet news to r :
you. God has sent His own Son from heaven to save -i.
from hell. He is a baby now, lying in a ,n _t..:-. Go to
Bethlehem, and you will find Him.'
When the angel had done speaking,-hundreds and
hundreds of bright angels filled the sky, and 1.--._
singing and praising God for having sent His Son to save
At last the angels went back to heaven, and the -'i. --
herds were left alone.
Did they stay with their sheep?
No; they said, 'Let us go and see the Son 4I i .'
They ran to Bethlehem, and went to the stable -the
inn. There was a babe lying in the I.-:'.; ; -


and Joseph were sitting by. The shepherds said, This:
is the Son of God. Angels have spoken to us to-night,
and told us where to find Him.'
All the people in Bethlehem were much surprised
when the shepherds told them about the angels and the-
Son of God.

Blessed Babe! what glorious features
Spotless, fair, divinely bright:
Must He dwell with brutal creatures ?
How could angels bear the sight ?
Was there nothing but a manger
Wretched sinners could afford,
To receive the heavenly stranger?
Did they thus affront the Lord ?
See the kinder shepherds round Him
Telling wonders from the sky;
Where they sought Him, there they found Him,
With His virgin mother by.
See the lovely babe a-dressing,
Lovely infant, how He smiled !
When He wept, the mother's blessing
Sooth'd and hush'd the holy child.
Dr. Watts's Cradle Hymn.



MATT. ii.

T HERE were some wise and rich men. They lived a
great way from Bethlehem. They knew that God
had sent His Son to be a babe; but they did not know
where to find Him; so God put a beautiful star in the
sky, and God made it move towards the place where
Jesus was.
So the wise men left their houses, and set out on a
long journey; but first they said, 'Let us bring some
presents for the Son of God : for He is a king.'
They took some gold, and some sweet-smelling stuff
to burn.
They looked at the star as they went.
At last it stopped over a house in Bethlehem..
The wise men were very glad indeed.
They longed to see the Son of God.
They went in, and there they saw Mary and her child
Jesus: they fell down, and began to praise Him, and to
call Him the Son of God, and the King.
They took out their presents, and gave them to Him.
Mary was poor; but now she had some money to buy
things for her little baby.


Lo! travellers enter Bethlehem's gate;
Arrived from some far-distant land;
They seem to be of high estate,
And hold rich presents in their hand.

They swiftly pass from street to street,
Nor need they fear to go astray,
Nor need they ask the men they meet
To guide them in their unknown way.

For see where shines a beauteous star;
On it they fix their joyful eyes:
That heavenly guide has led them far,
And now it lightens Bethlehem's skies.

But lo! it stops, its course is done;
On Mary's roof it sheds a light:
Enter! there dwells God's blessed Son-
Enter! enjoy the glorious sight.

But where is He, the Lord of all,
Who made the heavens and earth and seas?
Behold Him there, an infant small,
Lying upon His mother's knees.

Their Lord full well the strangers know,
And humbly worship at His feet,
Joyful their golden treasures show,
And burn their precious spices sweet.

O happy they who knelt that day
Before the lovely Infant's face,
And who believed, though clad in clay,
That He was Lord of every place!


And shall not I be happy too,
If, though His face I never saw,
I feel for Him affection true,
And still obey His holy law?

Nor gold nor spices need I give,
To show my Lord how much I love;
But I may serve Him while I live,
And thus my warm affection prove.



MATT. ii. LUKE, ii. 51, 52.

T HERE was a very wicked king called Herod. He lived
a little way from Bethlehem. He heard that a
babe was born in Bethlehem, and that some people said
that the babe was a king.
Now Herod did not like that there should be any
other king besides himself. Herod did not like that even
the Son of God should be king.
So Herod said, 'I will kill this babe that is called a
Herod knew that this babe was in Bethlehem; but
there were many babes in Bethlehem, and Herod did not
know which was the babe that was called a king.
Some people knew which it was; but they loved
Jesus, and they would not tell Herod. A very wicked
thought came into Herod's mind. He thought, 'I will
kill all the babes in Bethlehem.' Do you think God
would let Herod kill His Son? No. God knew what
Herod meant to do. God sent one of His bright angels
to speak to Joseph when he was asleep.
The angel said, 'A wicked king wants to kill the baby.
Get up, Joseph; take Mary and the baby a great way off.'



So Joseph got up quickly; he took his ass, he put Mary
on it, and she held the baby. It was dark when they set
off. Nobody saw them go.
The next morning some men came with swords.
Herod had sent them. They were come to kill all the
babies. They opened every door, and said, 'Is there a
baby here ? Then they snatched it from its mother, and
killed it, and the poor mother cried bitterly. Had you
walked down the streets you would have heard nothing
but women weeping and crying out, 'My pretty babe is
dead; I shall never see it more!'
Was Jesus killed?
No: He was gone far away. His Father, God, had
sent Him-away. Herod could not kill Him, for God would
not let Him die so soon.
At last King Herod died. Then God sent an angel to
speak to Joseph when he was asleep. The angel said,
'Joseph, go back to your own country; Herod is dead.'
So Joseph took the ass, and Mary, and the sweet
child, Jesus, and they all came back to their own
Joseph was a carpenter. Jesus lived with Joseph and
Mary, and minded all they said. He was a wise child,
and loved to think of God. God His Father loved Him,
and everybody loved Him, because He was so meek and
kind. The older He grew the more they loved Him.
From babies dear the blood is streaming;
Around behold the mothers screaming;
For cruel Herod sent an order
To kill the children of that border.


He seeks to kill the heavenly stranger,
But God has saved His Son from danger:
An angel-Joseph did awaken;
To distant lands the Babe is taken.

How safe are those within God's keeping!
How safe awake, how safe when sleeping!
For night and day His eye can watch them;
His hand from every evil snatch them.




MATT. iv. 1-11.

AT last Jesus grew to be a man. He knew that He must
go from place to place, and teach people about God.
But first He went into a place by Himself-called a
wilderness. He had no house to sleep in there, no friend
to speak to, no food to eat. In the night it was cold, in
the day very hot.
There were no men, but there were lions, wolves, and
bears.* At night they roared and howled; but Jesus
trusted in His Father.
He ate nothing for forty days and forty nights: God
kept Him alive. When Jesus was alone, then He spoke
in His heart to His dear Father.t
At last some one came and spoke to Him.
Who was it ?
Not a man, not a bright angel, not God : it was Satan.
I do not know how he looked. He was come to tempt
Jesus to do wickedly, and not to mind God His Father.
Satan knew that Jesus was hungry. He said to Him,
'And he was with the wild beasts.' Mark, i. 13.
t 'Yet I am not alone, because the Father is with me.' John,
xvi. 32.


'Turn these stones into bread!' but Jesus would not, for
*God had promised to feed Him Himself.
After that, Satan took Jesus to the top of a great
building, that was much higher than a church. It is
dreadful to be on the top of a very high place; it makes
one tremble to look down from the top.
Satan said to Jesus, 'Throw yourself down from this
place; your Father will send His angels to keep you
from being hurt, for you know that He has promised to
take care of you.
Would Jesus have done right, had He thrown Himself
down? No: Jesus knew that His Father would be dis-
pleased if He threw Himself down ; and Jesus always did
the things that pleased His Father.
Then Satan took Him to the top of a very high hill.
He showed Him the most beautiful things in the world,
gardens and houses, ships and carriages, and fine clothes
and feasts. He said, 'Look at these fine things. I
will give them all to you. You shall have all the world
for your own ; only kneel down and call me God.'
But Jesus said, I will pray to my Father, and not to
Jesus loved His Father better than all the things in
-the world.
Adam and Eve minded Satan, and disobeyed God;
but Jesus did all His Father had told Him. Adam was
disobedient, Jesus was obedient.
Then Satan went away; and angels came from heaven
and fed Jesus.
Satan goes about, trying to make children naughty.


A lion could only eat your body, but Satan wants to have
your soul and body in hell. Satan hates you. He is
your enemy. But God is stronger than Satan.* Say to
God, 'Keep me from minding Satan,' and God will keep
Upon that mountain's height
Two mighty princes stand;
Jesus the Prince of Light,
Satan at His right hand.
Below them lies the prospect fair
Of all earth holds of rich or rare.
Tables are seen around,
Spread with delicious meats;
Gardens where fruits abound,
And thousand tempting sweets:
Silver and gold and precious stones,
Chariots and palaces and thrones.
Satan did once prevail
On Eve to disobey:
And now why should he fail
To tempt the Lord astray ?
For Eve abundant food possessed,
While Christ with hunger is distress'd.
In vain the tempter tries
The Saviour to deceive,
For Jesus left the skies
Our misery to relieve:
His Father dear IIe sought to please,
Nor wished for earthly joy and ease.

'Greater is He that is in you, than he that is in the world.'
1 John, iv. 4.


He had seen brighter things,
And sweeter joys had known,
Where angels touch the strings
Around His Father's throne.
And shall He from that throne descend
Before the evil one to bend ?
No! He will hunger bear,
And suffer sharpest pain,
Till God shall hear His prayer,
And His weak life sustain.
And lo! ashamed the tempter flies,
And angels feed Him from the skies.

Full oft does Satan try
To draw my steps aside;
Now bids me tell a lie,
My faults from all to hide,
And tempts me soon to sin again,
That I new pleasure may obtain.

Whenever I consent
To walk in Satan's ways,
It is as though I bent
My knee before his face.
And what reward will Satan give ?-
In his own hell with him to live.

How shall my feeble heart
Be kept from Satan's power?
O Lord, Thy strength impart
In ev'ry tempted hour,
That I may sinful joys refuse,
And Thy sweet service ever choose.



MARK, i. 16-20.

W HEN Jesus was a man, He began to teach people
about His Father. Jesus used to preach.
Where did He preach ?
Sometimes He preached to people in a place like a
church; sometimes He preached in the fields; sometimes
He sat on the top of a hill and preached ; and sometimes
He sat in a ship, and the people stood by the edge of the
water to hear Him.
Jesus did not always live in the same place: He used
to walk about from one place to another.
Did Jesus walk about alone ?-No; He had twelve
friends always with Him. He called them His twelve
How many are twelve?-Let us count the little
children in this room. Here are twelve. Jesus had just
so many disciples.
One was called Peter, and another John, and another
James, and another Thomas. But I will not tell you the
names of all, lest you should forget them.
Peter was a fisherman. He had a little ship, and he
used to catch fish in the day and in the night. James


and John had another little ship, and they used to catch
One day Jesus passed by their ships, and Jesus saw
Peter and his brother Andrew throwing a net into the
sea to catch fish, and Jesus said to them, Come with me.'
And Peter and Andrew left their nets, and their ships,
and went with Jesus.
And Jesus went a little farther, and He saw James and
John sitting in their ship, mending the holes in their
nets, and Jesus said to them, Come with me;' and they
left their nets, and went with Jesus.
Jesus called what people He pleased to come with
Shall I tell you why Jesus chose to have twelve
friends always with Him? What do you think was the
reason ?
Jesus wished to teach them about God His Father,*
that they might teach other people about Him.t They
liked being with Him, and listening to His words.+
Would you have liked to be always with Jesus ?
When Jesus was alone with His disciples, He used to
tell them secrets about God and heaven. They loved
Christ said in prayer to His Father, I have manifested thy name
unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world.' John, xvii. 6.
t 'And he ordained twelve, that they should be with him, and that
he might send them forth to preach.' Mark, iii. 14.
'Then said Jesus unto the twelve, Will ye also go away ? Then
Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go ? thou hast the
words of eternal life.' John, vi. 67, 68.
'When they were alone, he expounded all things to his disciples.'
Mark, iv. 34.


Him very much indeed ; they called Him Master, and
Lord.t Jesus loved them still more than they loved
Him, + and He called them His friends.
Jesus used to give them part of His things. But
Jesus had no house to live in,[| and He had very little
money[ Sometimes Jesus and His friends were very
much tired with walking far, and sometimes they were
very hungry and thirsty.tt But kind people often
asked them to come into their houses, and gave them
food.1: Other people laughed at Jesus, and called Him
Were the disciples good?-They were bad, like us;
but Jesus put His Spirit into them, and made them

'The Father himself loveth you, because ye have loved me.'
John, xvi. 27.
t 'Ye call me Master, and Lord.' John, xiii. 13.
: 'As the Father hath loved me, so have I loved you.' John,
xv. 9.
S' I have called you friends.' John, xv. 15.
II 'The Son of man hath not where to lay his head.' Luke, ix. 58.
T Jesus having recourse to a miracle to procure money to pay
tribute, testifies to His poverty; and His sharing it with Peter (' Give
unto them for me and thee') shows that He shared His supplies with His.
disciples. Matt. xvii. 24-27.
** Jesus, therefore, being wearied with his journey, sat thus on the
well.' John, iv. 6.
-t 'His disciples were an hungered, and began to pluck the ears of
corn.' Matt. xii. 2.
I 'A certain woman named Martha received him into her house.'
Luke, x. 38. There they made him a supper.' John, xii. 2.
'Say we not well that thou art a Samaritan, and hast a devil .
John, viii. 48.


better.* The disciples were not quite good, like Jesus;
they often quarrelled with each other,t and sometimes
they were unkind to poor people.1

How happy they.who shared the bread
Of Jesus here below!
From place to place He travelled,
And they with Him did go.

What though they never had a place
Where safely to abide,
They saw their loving Master's face,
And followed by His side.

They heard Him preach from hills and ships
Of things to men unknown;
But sweeter words dropped from His lips
When they were all alone.

For then He would the things explain
They could not understand,
That heav'nly wisdom they might gain,
And teach it through the land.

'Tis true I cannot here below
With Thee, my Saviour, dwell;
To heaven one day I hope to go,
And there to know Thee well.
'Now ye are clean through the word which I have spoken unto
.ou.' John, xv. 3.
t 'And there was also a strife among them which of them should be
.accounted the greatest.' Luke, xxii. 24.
$ Witness their conduct to the woman of Canaan. Matt. xv. 23.



JOHN, ii. 1-11.

I TOLD you that some people used to ask Jesus to come
into their houses. I shall now tell you of a man
who did ask Jesus. This man gave a feast, and Jesus
came to the feast. Mary, Jesus' mother, came; and the
disciples came. There were a great many more people
besides at the feast.
There was some wine for the people to drink: but
there was so little, that very soon it was all gone.
Jesus knew that the wine was gone. Could not
Jesus give the people more wine?-Yes; for He made
the world and all things in it.
There were some large stone jars in the room. Jesus
said to the servants, 'Fill the jars with water,' and they
filled them quite full.
Then Jesus said, 'Take some, and give it to the master
to drink.' The servants did so; but Jesus had turned
the water into wine.
When the master had tasted it, he said, 'What nice
wine this is where did it come from ?'
The servants told him how Jesus had told them to fill


the jars with water. Then all the people at the feast knew
that Jesus had turned the water into wine.
This was the first wonder that Jesus did ; it was
called a miracle.
Why did Jesus do miracles?
To show people that He was the Son of God.
The disciples now felt quite sure that Jesus was the
Son of God.

Once Jesus to a marriage went;
The numerous guests surround the board,
When lo! they find the wine is spent;-
This-Mary hears, and tells the Lord.

Before the guests' astonished eyes
Christ makes His heavenly glory shine;
The thing desired He soon supplies,
And changes water into wine.

How ready does our Lord appear
Our fond desires to satisfy !
And all that we can wish for here
He is well able to supply.



LUKE, vi. 11-16.

AFTER Jesus had turned the water into wine, He did
a great many wonders. He made blind people see,
and deaf people hear, and dumb people speak, and lame
people walk.
When Jesus came to a place, all the sick people
crowded round Him.
Jesus did not send them away because they disturbed
Him, but He cured them all-yes-every one.*
This was the way in which He cured one blind man.
He said, 'See !' and the man could see that moment.,
This was the way in which He cured a man who was
deaf and dumb. Jesus put His fingers into his ears, and
touched his tongue, and looked up to His Father in
heaven, and said, 'Be opened !' and immediately the
string of his tongue was loosed, and he could speak
Once Jesus saw a poor sick man lying on a bed, and
Jesus said to him, Should you like to be made well?'

'He laid his hands on every one of them, and healed them.'
Luke, iv. 40.
t Luke, xviii. 42. ( Mark, vii. 32-35.


The poor man said he wished very much to be made well.
Then Jesus said, Get up, carry your bed, and walk.'
The man tried to get up, and he found that he could ; for
Jesus gave him strength.*
One day Jesus was in a place like a church ; He was
preaching; when He saw a poor woman whose back was
bent, so that she could not lift up her head. Jesus
said, 'Woman, I have made you well;' and then Jesus
touched her with His hands, and her back grew straight,
and she began to praise God.t
Sometimes Jesus made dead people alive again. That
was more wonderful than making sick people well.
Once Jesus was walking on the road. A great many
people were walking after Him, for people liked to see
Him do wonders, and to hear Him talk. They met some
men carrying a dead man to put him in the ground.
A poor old woman came after, crying very much. She
was the mother of the dead man. He was her only son.
Jesus was very sorry to see her cry. He came up to her
and said, 'Do not cry,' and then He touched the coffin.
There was no top to it; the dead man was lying in it.
Jesus said, Get up, young man.' He sat up and
began to speak. Then Jesus said to his mother, 'Here is
your son.'
All the people were surprised, and said, This must
be the Son of God. He can make dead people live
John, v. 5-9. t Luke, xiii. 11-13.



LUKE, vii. 36 to end.

W HY did Jesus come into the world ?-To save us
from hell.
But why did God say that people must go to hell ?-
Because everybody was naughty.
Jesus can forgive people their naughtiness, and make
them good. But Jesus will not forgive people who are
not sorry. I will tell you of a proud man who was not
sorry, and of a poor woman who was sorry.
A rich proud man asked Jesus to come and dine with
him. Why did he ask Jesus ? he did not love Him ;-he
only asked Him, that he might hear Him talk; but Jesus
said He would come.
The proud man treated Jesus very unkindly. He gave
Him no water to wash His feet, put no sweet ointment
upon them, gave Him no kiss.
A poor woman, who had been very naughty, saw
Jesus go into the rich man's house. She came up behind
Jesus, and began to cry for all her naughtiness. She
knew Jesus could forgive her, and she loved Jesus.


She had brought a box of ointment with her; she
stooped down, and her tears fell upon Jesus' feet, and
with her tears she washed them : she wiped them with
her long hair, and then poured the sweet ointment upon
them, and kissed them.
The rich man looked at the woman very angrily ; he
knew she had been very naughty, and he was angry at
seeing Jesus so kind to her.
But Jesus said to the proud man, 'This woman has
been very naughty: but I have forgiven her, and she
loves me very much. She loves me a great deal more
than you do. You gave me no water for my feet; but she
has washed my feet with her tears. You gave me no
kiss ; but she has kissed my feet ever since I came in.
You gave me no ointment; but she has poured very
sweet ointment upon my feet.'
Then Jesus spoke kindly to the woman, and said to
her, 'Your sins are forgiven.'
So Jesus comforted this poor woman, but the proud
man and his friends grew still more angry.
Jesus will forgive your sins if you are sorry, and if
you ask Him; but if you think yourself good, He will
not forgive you; for Jesus cannot bear proud people.,
Though you are but a little child, you have done a great
many wrong things; and you do not deserve to go to
heaven. Oh, I hope Jesus will forgive you! I hope the
Holy Spirit will come into your heart, and make you feel
If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our
sins.' 1 John, i. 9.
t See the parable of the Pharisee and publican, Luke, xviii.


very sorry for your sins. Then Jesus will forgive you,
and you will love Him, as this poor woman did.

Oh! tell me who is standing there
With weeping eyes and flowing hair,
And box of ointment sweet.
Now on the ground she's bending low;
Her tears yet fast and faster flow-
They fall on Jesus' feet.
To her dear Lord such love she bears,
His feet she washes with her tears,
And wipes them with her hair;
And then, with pious tenderness,
Fond kisses ceases not to press,
And pours the ointment rare.
Ah! she whose love is now so strong,
Has wander'd far, has wander'd long,
And from her God has gone;
But now with willing feet returns,
And now with deepest sorrow mourns
The deeds that she has done.

And will the Lord in pity look,
And blot her crimes out from His book,
And words of comfort say?
Ah! yes; e'en now He pardon gives,
E'en now the weeping sinner lives,
And wipes her tears away.
And would the Lord thus deal with me,
If I should humbly bow my knee,
And all my sins confess ?


For though I'm young, I've wander'd far;
My sins, I know, most hateful are
Unto God's holiness.

But if the Lord one mourner heard,
And sweetly spake the pard'ning word,
Why should He not hear me ?
He once was kind; (I well know this;)
And what He was, He always is,
And evermore will be.



LUKE, viii. 22-25.

JESUS often went into a ship with His disciples. Peter
had a ship of his own, and John had another ship,
and they liked to lend their ships to Jesus.
Once they were all in a ship, when the wind blew very
hard and the water moved up and down, and came over
the ship. The disciples were afraid that they should be
Jesus had fallen asleep, and was lying on a pillow.
The noise of the wind and of the water had not awakened
His disciples ran to Him, and cried, '0 Master! do
you not care for us? will you let us die?'
Then Jesus got up and said to the wind, 'Wind, be
still!' and He said to the water, Be still!'
The wind left off blowing, and the water was smooth
and quiet.
Then Jesus said to His disciples, 'Why were you
afraid? Why did you not believe that I would take care
of you?'
Jesus knew that they were tossed about, and He
would have kept them safe, though He was asleep.


The disciples said one to another, 'Jesus is the Son of
God; even the wind and the water obey Him.'

The disciples with Jesus their Lord,
At sea in a vessel were toss'd;
The winds loudly blew, the waves roar'd;
They fear'd that they all should be lost.

The waters rush'd into the ship:
For Jesus all eagerly look:
He lies on a pillow asleep-
Had He His disciples forsook ?

Not so; while He slept He still thought
Of them, and their bitter distress:
His merciful eye slumbers not,
But watches His children to bless.

He rises His work to perform:
The wind and the waters obey:
Soon hush'd is the terrible storm,
The hurricane passes away.

How ready is Jesus to save !
How strong is His arm to protect!
His mercy we ever will crave;
And deliv'rance will ever expect.



LUKE, viii. 41 to end.

A RICH man came to Jesus, and fell down at His feet
and said, I have one little girl, and she, is very
sick : pray come and make her well.'
Jesus went with the rich man.
When they were near the house, some servants came
out and said, The little girl is just dead; no one can
make her well now.'
But Jesus said, 'Do not be afraid; I can make her
Jesus said to the father and mother of the little girl,
' Come with me into the house. Peter, James, and John,
you may come in, but no one else.'
So they went up into the room where the little girl
was lying in bed. A great many people were in the room,
playing sad music, and singing sad songs, and crying
because the child was dead. But Jesus said, 'Leave off
crying. The girl is only sleeping: she is not dead.'
Jesus said she was asleep, because He meant to make her
alive so soon again. But the people laughed at Jesus,


and said, 'She is dead;' and they would not believe that
He could make her alive again.
Jesus said, 'These people must be put out of the room.'
So He sent them out, and shut the door ; but He let the
father and mother, and Peter, and James, and John, stay
in the room. He took the little girl's hand, and said,
'Arise!' At first she sat up, and then she rose up
out of bed, and walked about the room. She was twelve
years old. Jesus then said, 'Bring her something to
The father and mother were much surprised at what
had happened.

Hark! 'tis a father crying,
And this is what he saith:
My little daughter's lying
Just at the point of death.'

The Saviour soon consented
To come and heal the maid;
Nor was He e'en prevented
By hearing she was dead.

He found the people weeping
Because her breath was gone;
And when He said, 'She's sleeping,'
They laughed Him to scorn.

The Lord no sinful mocker
Would suffer to remain;
Then by the hand He took her,
And bade her rise again.




-"' .. :i.. .. ... .. -. _f



Ah! see the maid arising
According to His word;
Does not the deed surprising
Show Jesus to be Lord ?

See in their fond embraces
The parents clasp the maid:
Ashamed are now the faces
That mocked at what He said.


MATT. xiv. 13-22.

O NCE Jesus went into the wilderness with His disciples,
and a great many people came after Him: then
Jesus preached to the people, and told them about His
Father, and how He Himself had come down from heaven
to save them from Satan. They listened to Him from
morning till night.
When it was getting dark, the disciples came to Jesus
and said, 'Will you not send the people home, for it is
But Jesus knew that the people had had nothing to
eat all day, and He did not like to send them home tired
and hungry. So He said to His disciples, 'Cannot you
feed them?'
'No,' said they; 'we have only five loaves and two
small fishes, and see how many people there are!'
But Jesus said, 'Make them sit down on the grass,
and bring the loaves and fishes to me.' So the disciples
made them all sit down.
There were a great many people, as many as would
fill ten churches-five thousand men, besides women and
little children. How tired the little children must have
been! it was time for them to have their supper and go
to bed.

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