(Approval Pending USAID/S&T Review)
1987 Annual Work Plan
Farming Systems Support Project
Cooperative Agreement No. Dan 4099-A-00-2083-00
Project No. 936-4099
The United States
Agency for International Development
Prepared in cooperation with
FSSP Support Entities
I. INTRODUCTION/SUMMARY ........................ 1
II. PROGRAM GOALS ........................... 2
III.IMPLEMENTATION: 1987 CALENDAR, OBJECTIVES AND PROCESSES
A. Africa Program ........... ......................... 3
B. Training Program ........... ........................ 6
C. Networking ............. .......................... 7
IV. STATUS AND INSTITUTIONAL CAPABILITY OF THE SUPPORT ENTITY NETWORK 8 V. APPENDIX
A. FSSP budget presentation ............................. 10
B. Training Summary .......... ........................ 14
C. FSSP Calendar .......... .......................... .16
D. Support Entities Collaboration ..................... . .21
The 1987 FSSP work plan builds directly on planning activities and
programs established in the early years of the project generally and upon 1985 and 1986 specifically. The 1986 Annual Report provides a basis for two major directions in FSSP planning activity. Short term implementation and delivery is focused on 1987, a time of significant human and financial reductions in core. Long term activity, while quite uncertain, will evolve from a series of considerations by FSSP Support Entities (SEs) for continuation of the FSSP.
This work plan is focused entirely on the 1987 FSSP program and in many ways is predetermined by past work, evolving present demand in West and Central Africa and constrained budgets. It is a January through September plan with no assured funding beyond June. Nevertheless, certain networking and training activities have longer term requirements. Planning will account for potentially meeting these needs should USAID or other funding sources desire to fullfil the commitment and continuity anticipated by the FSSP Cooperative Agreement-in 1982. The budget is presented and discussed for calendar year 1987 as a working base for planning (Appendix A). Flexibility in redefining short term activity to meet emerging long-term goals has been replaced by circumstances of uncertainty. Potentials beyond 1987 are numerous for farming systems support to West and Central Africa some of which are noted in Appendix 4. Similarly, potentials for work in Latin America and Asia remain significant and similar to the opportunities foregone when FSSP was asked to curtail operations in those regions in 1985. This work plan does not accomodate those potentials.
Support needs for research and extension programs designed to utilize an FSR/E approach were anticipated in 1982 by USAID/S&T Agriculture in design of the Farming Systems Support Project. It was anticipated that the effort would require at least ten years. The initial Cooperative Agreement was signed for five years. Program and network development is well underway with results that will be most effective if a redisigned FSSP II is possible. Returns on the initial investment are significant but opportunities to capture important national program benefits in training and networking are only now possible. Thus, some of 1987 will be dedicated to support entity development of program options for which donor and buy-in funding may result to sustain a long term support effort. Core time invested in this effort will be limited because development of training materials, training of trainers, national training program development and publication of the newsletter and other reports will necessarily require a maximum core effort.
A most impressive and commited group of US universities and consulting firms make up the FSSP. Through leadership by their Administrative Coordinators (primarily university directors of international programs), and their FSSP Program Leaders along with the Technical Committee and Advisory Council, considerable effort goes into both long and short term FSSP planning. Other US universities and some third world universities have expressed desires to join this network. Recognition that exchange of experience in FSR/E applications is but one reason for this interest, there
1987 Work Plan 1
is network potential for strengthening a wide range of research and curricula needs as a means for improving agricultural research and extension.
II. PROGRAM GOALS
The primary goals of the FSSP in 1987 are:
1. To further strengthen the FSSP training base through additions to
and revisions in the training volumes. In particular emphasis will
be given to the areas of economic analysis, livestock systems,
management of research and extension programs and intra-household
and gender issues in FSR/E.
2. To publish various materials as output of the first five years of
FSSP particularly with reference to state-of-the-art advances in
FSR/E methodology and applications in national programs. Continue
expansion of newsletter contributions from practitioners throughout
the world isexpected and emphasis will be given to continuation of
the effort to serve both new and experienced programs.
3. To continue program delivery on a buy-in basis in West Africa in
particular and in training and networking activities specifically with emphasis on national training program development. Important
in these efforts will be training of trainers, establishment of
national training plans and encouraging regional and national
strategies to support these training programs.
4. To respond as appropriate and where possible to demands on a full
buy-in basis from Asia and Latin America.
The FSSP Support Entity network will assist in all of the above
activities given adequate timing, programming and resources. of particular interest is the collaboration among bilateral contractors with the regional networking, training and support needs of West Africa. With emphasis primarily focused upon training programs to provide a continuing education base for a wide range of practitioner needs, systems and approaches must be designed to augment and complement educational efforts of universities both in Africa and the US. To that end, communication and programming will focus upon future development of a support base for training in West Africa. The attached FSSP training strategy/executive summary (Appendix B) represents a deliverable base for further strengthening, and ultimately, institutionalizing those activities best suited to or adaptable to regional and national needs.
III. IMPLEMENTATION: 1987 CALENDAR OBJECTIVES AND PROCESSES
The calendar for 1987 programs is summarized as follows (complete
calendars are in the Appendix C). Emphasis is given to follow through on several important tasks initiated in earlier years and to building upon the program base. Presently no activities are scheduled for Asia and the Near East, but the FSSP Near East and Asia Advisory Committee consisting of interested support entities continues in proposal development for special funds to provide a small basis for support work. Similarly, no specific
1987 Work Plan 2
program activities are scheduled for Latin America. Several countries, however, such as Argentina and Honduras are exploring in-service and short course training programs with FSSP and with the University of Florida.
A. Africa Program
Because of the uncertainty regarding whether additional budget and a
time extension will be given to the FSSP, it has been difficult to program the remainder of the FSSP delivery effort in West and Central Africa. Current end of project date is September 1987. However, FSSP assistance has been requested for several activities which will or have the potential to extend beyond this date. Where applicable, this information is noted. This section of the workplan related to activities projected for 1987 is organized by country for support to specific national programs or projects. Proposed networking activities involving two or more countries are listed at the end. Please refer to the workplan calender for the chronological flow of events.
Country Level Activities
FSSP has been involved in discussions for several years about the possibility of locating an institution in West or Central Africa which could serve as a regional site for an annual FSR/E training course which could be offered in English and French. The International Development Research Centre, IDRC-Canada, has invited the University Centre Dschang, UCD-Cameroon, to submit a proposal to host such a regional course, using FSSP materials and experience, in collaboration with the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, IITA-Nigeria, and the West African Farming Systems Research Network, WAFSRN. UCD and IDRC will hold a planning workshop to design a proposal for this course, March 30 April 3, 1987. FSSP project director and the coordinator for FSSP training and networking activities in Africa will attend. At FSSP recommendation, representatives of other African institutions already engaged in the process of training in FSR/E have been invited to attend. These include persons from ISRA, Senegal; Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria; CIMMYT East African Economics Program, Kenya; and the University of Zimbabwe. FSSP hopes it will be possible to schedule the three-week regional training course, held once in English and once in French during 1986, after the UCD workshop.
FSSP will also organize and manage the evaluation of the National
Cereals Research and Extension Project (NCRE/IITA/USAID) during February 1987 at the request of the USAID mission in Cameroon. The University of Florida will support a participant add-on to the evaluation team, as part of the FSSP in-service training of support entity faculty.
As a result of discussions in Gainesville and Niamey, FSSP has received a request to support a series of FSR/E training efforts in Niger, on a buy-in basis, in collaboration with two USAID funded projects: the Agricultural Production Support Project (Labatt-Anderson/SALUT) and the
1987 Work Plan 3
Projet Productivite (DAI). The buy-in will be handled by DAI. The proposed training activities will build on the expertise developed by the six Niger participants, from these same two projects, who attended the FSSP regional FSR/E training course in Bamako, Mali, in November, 1986. The targetted participants for the in-country training course, planned for two weeks during April, 1987, are researchers with the cereals program, extension leaders, and faculty of the extension training college at Kollo. FSSP expects to use the training materials developed or translated for the regional course, along with materials focused on economic analysis, scheduled for completion in early 1987. FSSP also intends to use this opportunity to better adapt existing materials and course structure to fit the needs for training extension workers in FSR/E. It is expected that if FSSP is continued beyond the current end of project date, that collaborative training efforts with these same projects in Niger would continue.
Before, during and following the FSSP Regional FSR/E course in Bamako, the FSSP discussed the possibilities for further training support for Mali practitioners on a buy-in basis with SECID through their PRSPR/USAID project. FSSP trainers for the regional course worked with DRSPR and PRSPR leaders to develop alternatives for a training strategy which could meet the needs for national capability in FSR/E methods. SECID has subsequently asked FSSP to assist them in running three training activities in 1987. The first would be a short (2-3 day) workshop on FSR/E policy issues for decision makers. The second would be a 3-4 day course focused on diagnostic survey methods as an orientation and overview to beginning an actual diagnostic survey in the project area. The third would be a diagnostic survey workshop in which the participants from the earlier overview course would participate in an actual diagnostic survey. Prior to these training activities, the SECID project will conduct a training needs assessment in February. Actual design and implementation of the courses and workshop will depend on the outcome of the assessment. FSSP has been asked to brief the person who will be conducting the assessment. The person tentatively assigned by SECID for the assessment is currently the head of the FSSP technical committee. This should ensure optimal use of FSSP experience in the planning of training for the Mali project.
SECID has also informed FSSP of their desire for development of a
mechanism whereby they can assess FSSP assistance beyond the current end of project date for support in organizing two workshops per year for their contract.
FSSP has supported the Mauritania AGRES II Project (University of
Arizona/UJSAID) through training of Mauritanian program leaders in the FSSP regional training courses, and through individualized training at the FSSP Gainesville office in collaboration with University of Florida faculty. The Arizona campus backstop for the project will visit FSSP in February to discuss a potential buy-in for continued training support in scheduled FSR/E courses to be held in Mauritania during 1987.
1987 Work Plan 4
FSSP staff have collaborated with ISNAR in the development of a study of the management and institutionalization of FSR/E (called OFCOR at ISNAR) in national agricultural programs. A case study approach, drawing upon some of the experiences of the FSSP/Population Council Project, provides the methodological framework for the project, and nine countries have been selected as the cases. Because of FSSP's comparative strength in the region, one FSSP core staff member will work with the ISNAR project management in the research and development of the Senegal case study (February and April, 1987), as well as in the comparative analysis of all the cases (July-August, 1987).
A tentative request (pending final project award) has been made to FSSP by R.R. Nathan, DAI and Global Exchange for a training course to be held in Zaire for two weeks in June. The participants would be largely come from volunteer and missionary NGO projects which will be part of the USAID funded Project 102 "Food and Marketing Development".
West African Integrated Livestock Network
Following the successful regional networkshop in Sierra Leone, efforts will proceed in 1987 to produce the networkshop proceedings. These will be published in two Volumes. Volume I. will contain the overview of the networkshop events, discussions and evaluation. Vol. II. will contain the papers presented either as country or thematic reports. These should be completed and distributed by June.
The newly-elected steering committee of the network will meet in June in Mali to visit animal power project efforts and prepare proposals for continued funding of network activities. FSSP will support the steering committee meeting, but outside support is necessary to hold the third networkshop, tentatively scheduled for May-June, 1988. FSSP has initiated a proposal for funding to GTZ and is guardedly optimistic about the possibilities for partial support. Since this activity will take place beyond the termination date for FSSP, discussions are already underway to determine whether the University of Florida and WINROCK are able and willing to take over this effort.
West African Farming Systems Research Network (WAFSRN)
No request has been formally made by the WAFSRN steering committee for collaboration in networking activities during 1987. However, FSSP has offered to assist the new network coordinator, when selected, in developing the network program. (IDRC has agreed to fund the network coordinator.) However, in the meantime, FSSP will work with UCD Cameroon to develop a training base for the network, and will work to better integrate the animal power networking effort within WAFSRN as soon as there is a coordinator in place.
1987 Work Plan 5
CIMMYT Regional Networkshop on Gender Issues
in Farming Systems Research
FSSP has been asked by CIMMYT to assist them in conducting a regional networkshop on gender issues and FSR. They wish to use some of the FSSP/Population Council case studies during the first half of the proposed one-week activity. CIMMYT will fund two trainers to prepare and lead the networkshop in collaboration with one CIMMYT project team member. The activity will be held in Lusaks, Zambia from April 27 to May 3.
B. Training Program
An overall base for FSSp in FSR/E training is presented in Appendix B. The tasks to fulfill that program in 1987 include 1) the revision and production of a second edition of both Volume I and II, 2) development of an economic analysis unit to be included in Volume II, 3) integration of livestock task force material into existing Volumes I and II, 4) development of a volume on Management and Administration for FSR/E, and 5) development of a user's guide to accompany the materials. FSSP has discussed inclusion of an FSR/E-Water Management Unit as part of the design and analysis volume in cooperation with Utah State University and the Water Management Project.
1. Revision of Volume I and II based on feedback received from
developers, trainers and trainees, FSR/E specialists, as well as
experience in short courses.
2. Development of Economic Analysis Unit The main objective of this
effort is to develop a training unit emphasizing skills and tools
used in economic analysis of on-farm trials. The training unit
will be included in Volume II of the FSSP Training Units,
"Techniques for the Design and Analysis of On-Farm Trials."
The strategy of development includes formation of a core working
group of four individuals (including FSSP training coordinator) as well as a consulting group who will act in a direct capacity. The
task of the core working group is to produce a unit using the
format of the existing training volumes. Any necessary additional material to supplement some of the existing units in both volumes
will also be considered.
3. Integration of Livestock Material into Volume I and II The
results of the FSSP livestock task force and other related
activities will be considered relative to topical areas within the
existing training units. Material will be integrated to the
existing units as needed.
4. Development of Management and Administration of FSR/E Volume The
main object of this effort is to develop a training resource
directed toward institutional and program managers of research and
extension organizations. It will address basic planning and
implementation activities as well as helping participants
understand their roles as institutional managers. Experiential learning is included in preparation for program management and
1987 Work Plan 6
organizational administration in support of integrated research and
5. Development of User's Guide The objective of this effort is to
provide a document for trainers which will help them to optimize
their use of the training units. It will include general
orientation to FSR/E, a basic outline of sample courses, and a
strategy for a national training program.
The FSSP newsletter will continue to be produced in English, French and Spanish and distributed in 1987. However, given the current budgetary situation the time frame and production of the Newsletter will be accelerated. Four issues will be completed by September, 1987.
Kansas State University
The KSU Bibliography containing approximately 1250 entries and its
supplement of 300 entries will continue to be available to the public. All the holdings to date are on microfiche. These bibliographies represent the cataloging and microfiching of KSU's vertical files, and include the David Norman collection of farming systems materials.
Kansas State University is now working on cataloging and microfiching the Peter Hildebrand collection of farming systems documents. The incorporation of these documents continues to increase the value of the bibliographies to farming systems practioners and all those interested in the farming systems approach. The bibliographies will reach final completion once these collections are cataloged and microfiched.
Farming Systems Support Project
As part of its mandate to support the growth and development of farming systems research, the FSSP has been working to increase the availability of farming systems research literature. Kansas State University has been designated the lead institution for the documentation efforts of the FSSP, and manages the annual selection of one hundred key farming systems research documents for their annotation and publication in a current-awareness, non-cumulative, selective bibliography. Annotation, publication, translation into French and Spanish, and distribution of the bibliography is also handled by KSU's Document and Information Handling Facility. Early in 1987, both the French and Spanish translations of Volume 3 of the bibliography will be available.
The Technical Committee is now completing its screening of final
selections for Volume 4 of the bibliography. Anticipated completion date is early in 1987. With the publication of Volume 4 in late 1987, FSSP's documentation effort will be completed. The KSU/CDIE documentation center and duplicating services will continue after the life of the FSSP, thus
1987 Work Plan 7
ensuring that the documents contained in the farming systems research bibliographies will remain available.
Farming Systems Symposium
After six years of hosting the Farming Systems Symposium, Kansas State University will no longer serve as the host institution. The annual Farming Systems Symposium will move to a new location for 1987, to the Center for Continuing Education of the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville, Arkansas. The University of Arkansas will be hosting the Symposium in collaboration with Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development. Both institutions are support entities of the FSSP.
A proposal was presented at the 1986 Farming Systems Annual Meeting by the University of Arkansas that included recommendations to establish four committees within the network and in collaboration with the FSSP to support continuation of the symposium, and to insure a high caliber conference. These committees are;
1. A Program Committee to interface with the FSSP Technical Committee,
2. A Host Committee,
3. A Funding Committee, and
4. A Steering Committee to interface with the FSSP Advisory Council.
A Proceedings Publication Committee was recommended as a sub-committee of the Program Committee.
Kansas State University graciously volunteered to provide files and consultation relative to relocation of the Symposium to Arkansas. It was agreed that the symposium would be held in Arkansas in 1987 with deliberations relative to further positioning of the synposium on a rotation basis at other universities and/or international locations. The proposal recommended that the rotation be on a two or three year basis so that hosting institutions might take advantage of the experience to further strenghthen the program.
Dates for the Symposium have been set for October 18-21, 1987. The
theme for 1987 is "How Systems Work". Five sub-themes have been identified for papers and poster sessions: 1) information and communication systems; 2) macro-systems; 3) agroforestry systems; 4) crop/livestock systems; and 5) crop systems.
IV. STATUS AND INSTITUTIONAL CAPABILITY OF THE SUPPORT ENTITY NETWORK
Future funding of the FSSP beyond September, 1987, remains uncertain.
However, the consensus of many support entity representatives, expressed at various meetings, is that the FSSP should be continued if core funding can be secured. The FSSP has asked the Support Entities to assess their interests and commitments relative to the future of the FSSP (see Appendix D). The Support Entities were given a list of thirteen potential FSSP II activities as well as twelve packages taken from the thirteen potential activities, and asked to reply to the following questions:
1987 Work Plan 8
1. Does the configuration of potential FSSP program activities and
program packages conform with your perception of the needs and
potentials, and to our combined ability to respond?
2. Where and how will your Support Entity want to commit to
involvement with the FSSP?
3. what specifically can your entity become involved with relative to
campus, consortium, bilateral assistance, CRSP and other programs
where FSSP linkages would be effective?
Not all Support Entities would be compelled to enter with the same
degree of participation. Support Entities and/or donors should be able to share in lower scale benefits while higher involvement would require greater commitment to program and funding development. Some Support Entities might join together to assist with development of the program and funding base for one of the potential program packages as well as participate in implementation.
Donors or other funding sources can be approached to support all activities, specific program packages, or parts of programs. The managerial preference is to gain as broad a base as possible in support funding but to make entry points flexible enough to allow participation for special interest or where there is restricted funding.
Unit and core base requirements can be somewhat discrete for each of the activities but an overall core is necessary, or a secured minimum core funding base, because funding will rise and fall from program activities over time. The overall effort cannot function on stand-by status. Thus, core operations, regardless of To6caton (at the Support Entity, F SSP lead entity or a regional site) must have sustained support but-can be partially nurtured through activity fees for administration and management.
1987 Work Plan 9
The FSSP budget reflects continued reductions in both the funding base and ability to respond. Both reductions are contrary to increased demand for training materials in FSR/E and training program development and delivery in West and Central Africa.
Specific reductions in the personnel base are apparent (columns 1-16). Emphasis is given to support for the African program including training and networking coordination, development materials and publication through the newsletter and several network documents. In support of this work are budgets for training of trainers (23), training unit development (30), the newsletter and reports (20,28,29).
Regional training courses were held in the Gambia and Mali in 1986 but future work, both at the regional and national levels, will be possible only on a complete buy-in or fully participant-burdened fee basis. Collaborative planning with IDRC, scheduled for Cameroon, will lead to a basis for long-term regional training.
Network support remains for both WAFSRN (21) and WPJLSN (19) which is devoted only to program planning. Actual workshops must be participant funded through donor support which appears likely at this time.
The funding base makes several assumptions leaving program security in question until further confirmation is available. The final quarter of the budget would be oriented primarily to conceptualizing new program activities or to phase out of the project, depending on the direction of funding options emerging during the year for a phase II. If major buy-ins occur, budget support must be included in those buy-ins but the core base will be severely strained to manange delivery given the present budget.,
1987 work Plan 10
FSSP Expenditure/Funding Base Oct 1, 1986 Dec 31, 1987 (in Thousands)
Oct I- Jan 1- July 1- Oct 1Dec 31 June 30 Sept 30 Dec 31
Expenditures -232.6 -337.8 -147.6 -101.8
Carry-over +375.0 +241.7 +248.9 +101.3
Modification + 99.3 +345.0,*
Balance +241.7 +248.9 +101.3 0.5
Is estimate including call back on project activity, reduction of
encumbrances, indirect cost average and potential $30,000 from CDIE.
* Minimum necessary from FY 1987 funds based upon previously determined rate
by USAID/S&T at $57,500 per month and projected for 6 months.
FSSP BUDGET October 1, 1986 June 30, 1987
October 1- Dec 31, 1986 January 1 June 30, 1987
1 Program Management
2 Director (base & 23% fringe) 0.75 FTE 15.0 0.50 FTE 20.0
3 Secretarial (base & 23% fringe) 0.50 FTE 1.9 0.50 FTE 3.7
4 Travel & office (Director & Adv. Council) 3.7 2.3
5 Total (2-4) 20.6 26.0
6 Indirect cost (47.5% on campus) 9.8 12.4
7 Total Management (5,6) 30.4 38.4
8 Program Delivery-Africa Support Base
9 Editor (base & 23% fringe) 0.50 FTE 4.9 0.50 FTE 9.8
10 Training & Network Coordinators (base & 23%) 2.00 FTE 28.5 1.75 FTE 48.1
11 Training Unit Coordinator (base & 23% fringe) 1.00 FTE 6.9 1.00 FTE 6.9
12 Secretarial (base & 23% fringe) 2.50 FTE 9.2 2.00 FTE 14.8
13 Travel & office 13.5 14.0
14 Total (9-13) 63.
15 Indirect cost (47.5% on campus) 29.9 44.5
16 Total Support Base (14,15) 92.9 138.1
17 Training & Network Activities
18 Case Studies 3.0 3.0
19 West African Integrated Livestock Systems Network 10.0
20 Pub & Dist. of Network Papers 2.0 8.0
21 WAFSRN General 5.0
22 Regional Short Course 20.0
23 Training Trainers 15.0
24 Total (18-23) 25.0 41.0
25 Ind Cost 1/2 @ 26% off-campus 1/2 @ 47.5 on-campus 9.2 15.1
26 Total Training & Networking (24,25) 34.2 56.1
27 Program Development & Worldwide Network
28 Newsletter 10.2 20.3
29 Reports 6.8
30 Training Unit Development 13.6 43.2
31 Technical Committee Travel & Communication 10.8 1.0
32 Symposium and annual Meeting 16.3
33 Total (28-32) 50.9 71.3
34 Ind cost @ 47.5 % 24.2 33.9
35 Total Program Development (33,34) 75.1 _1-0._2
36 TOTAL (7,16,26,35) 232.6 337.8
FSSP BUDGET July 1, 1987 December 31, 1987
July 1 Sept 30, 1987 Oct 1 Dec 31, 1987
1 Program Management
2 Director (base & 23% fringe) 0.50 FTE 10.0 0.25 FTE 5.0
3 Secretarial (base & 23% fringe) 0.50 FTE 1.9 0.50 FTE 1.9
4 Travel & office (Director & Adv. Council) 3.7 3.7
5 Total (2-4) 10.6
6 Indirect cost (47.5% on campus) 7.4 5.0
7 Total Management 23.05
8 Program Delivery-Africa Support Base
9 Editor (base & 23% fringe) 0.50 FTE 4.9 0.50 FTE 4.9
10 Training & Network Coordinators (base & 23%) 1.25 FTE 17.2 1.25 FTE 17.2
11 Training Unit Coordinator (base & 23% fringe) 1.00 FTE 6.9 1.00 FTE 6.9
12 Secretarial (base & 23% fringe) 2.00 FTE 7.4 1.50 FTE 5.5
13 Travel & office 7.0 5.0
14 Total (9-13) 43.4 39.5
15 Indirect cost (47.5% on campus) 20.6 18.8
16 Total Support Base (14,15) 64.0 58.3
17 Training & Network Activities
18 Case studies
19 Animal Systems Network
20 Pub & Dist. of Network Papers 3.0 2.0
21 WAFSRN General
22 Regional Short Course
23 Training Trainers
24 Total (18-23) 3.0 2.0
25 Ind Cost 1/2 @ 26 % off-campus 1/2 @ 47.5 on-campus 1.1 0.8
26 Total Training & Networking (24,25) 4.1 2.8
27 Program Development & Worldwide Network
28 Newsletter 10.2 10.2
30 Training Unit Development 27.1
31 Technical Committee Travel & Communication 1.0 6.8
32 Symposium & Annual Meeting
33 Total (28-32) 38.3 17.0
34 Ind Cost @ 47.5% 18.2 8.1
35 Total Progrm Development (33,34) 6.5 25.1
36 TOTAL (7,16,26,35) 147.6 101.8
FSSP TRAINING PROGRAM
INTRODUCTION: Farming Systems Research and Extension is a methodology directed toward improvement in technology
development for limited resource farmer&. This brochure outlines the FSSP training strategy
promoting understanding and implementation of FSR/E.
GOAL: The goal of the FSSP training program is to provide the basic foundations for development of
indigenous training capacity in Farming Systems Research and Extension (FSR/E) within National
OBJECTIVE: The specific objectives of the program are to initiate and implement regional and national
practitioner level short-term FSR/E training in English, French, and Spanish actuating a base for a
long term training program for the region.
ACTIVITIES: DEVELOP MATERIALS DELIVER SHORTCOCRSES SUPPORT TRAINING PROGRAMS
OFFERED: Slide Tape Modules Regional Shortcourse, Train Trainers
Selected Readings English (3 weeks) prepared to offer
Supporting Documents training-for-trainers
networking papers Regional Shortcourse, workshop on a buy-in
newsletter French (3 weeks) basis
Training Units Regional Shortcourse, provide participantDiagnosis Spanish (3 weeks) add-on opportunities
On-Farm Experimentation for non-trainer
Livestock (pending development) Individual Shortcourses resource persons for
Economic Analysis (pending) on various aspects of in-service training
Management and Admin. (pending) FSR/E offered on a buy-in on an institutionally
Case Studies basis. Possible topics supported basis
Diagnosis- Dominican Republic include:
On-Farm Trials- Paraguay orientation to FSR/E Advise National Programs
FSSP/Population Council Intra- diagnosis on a training strategy
Household Case Studies on-farm experimentation on a buy-in basis.
Burkina Faso analysis of on-farm ex. provide orientation,
Botswana management/administration in-service and
Kenya methodological skills
Eastern Caribbean provide networking
MSTAT a microcomputer program for
the design, management and
analysis of agronomic experiments
developed by Michigan State
CURRENT FSSP AND RELATED ACTIVITIES, 1987 CALENDAR
5-6 Meeting with Mike Norvelle, Campus representative for the
Meeting with S & T for approval of FSSP 1987 work
plan. C. Andrew.
Volume 3 Bibliography of Readings (Spanish)- S. Kearl.
Synthesize Review comments from TU Volume I
Econ Analysis Training Unit Technical Editing/initial
processing L. Walecka.
Livestock Training Unit identify integrator L. Walecka.
Management/Administration Training Unit -writing L.
Walecka and K. McDermott.
User's Guide outline developed L. Walecka.
5-9 Bean Cowpea/CRSP East Lansing, Michigan P. Hildebrand.
6 -Ap. 23 Teach Agriculture, Pests and Human Culture IDH-3931
C. Barfield (UF Entomology Department) and S. Poats.
6 Teach Science and Research Methodology, AEB 6815
April 23 C. Andrew.
15-19 Custom Short Course for Swazi/Penn State Participants
22-23 National Research Council (Washington) P. Hildebrand.
24- Preparation of Brochure for USAID Cameroon and IITA on the
Feb. 28 National Cereals Research and Extension Project S. Kearl
30- Mid-Project Evaluation of the NCRE/Cameroon Project
March 15 implemented by IITA K. McDermott, B. Jackson and D.
Advisory Council Meeting to discuss SE program interests
beyond 1984 C. Andrew.
1987 Work Plan 15
1 Complete draft editing of book "Gender Issues and FSR/E"
Publication of Impact Oriented Project Report for FSSP
V. Crowder, G. Hermance & C. Andrew.
9-20 ISNAR Case Study work on Senegal case S. Poats.
Work on West African Integrated Livestock Networkshop
Report Publication S.Poats.
TU Volume I Tech Editing (revise) L. Walecka.
Econ Analysis Training Unit Review & integrate
Volume 3 Bibliography of Readings (French) S. Kearl.
FSSP Newsletter (English), Volume 5, No. 1 S. Kearl.
Livestock Training Unit revisions made L. Walecka.
Mgmt/Adm. Training Unit writing L. Walecka.
User's Guide drafted L. Walecka. 16-18 Tropsoils (Hawaii) P. Hildebrand.
26-28 FSSP/Population Council Case Studies Advisory Committee
Meeting on Training Use for Case Studies at Cedar Key
Advisory Council Meeting C. Andrew.
Begin Final Report-FSSP S.Poats.
TU Vol. I processing L. Walecka.
Econ Analysis Training Unit process reviewed material
include in Vol. I L. Walecka.
Livestock Training Unit processing L. Walecka.
Mgmt./Adm. Training Unit production L. Walecka.
User's Guide processed L. Walecka.
1987 Work Plan 16
FSSP Newsletter (Spanish) Volume 5, No. 1 S. Kearl.
FSSP Newsletter (French) Volume 5, No. 1 S. Kearl.
30 4 of PCCMCA evaluation/Cornell ICTA Bean Cowpea CRSP project
April P. Hildebrand.
30 Consultation with University Center Dschang, Cameroon on
April 4 Development of training proposal to AID and IDRC S. Poats
& C. Andrew.
TU Vol. II Synthesis of reviews L. Walecka.
TU Vol. I Production/printing L. Walecka.
Livestock Training Unit Production/printing L. Walecka.
User's Guide Printed L. Walecka.
Volume 4 Bibliography of Readings (English) S. Kearl.
FSSP Newsletter (English) Volume 5, No. 2 S. Kearl. 15-17 AWID Conference & Case Study Workshop S. Poats.
27-May 3 CIMMYT Networkshop for East and Southern Africa on Gender
Issues and OFR/FSP, using FSSP/Population Council Case Studies in Lusaka, Zambia S. Poats and H. Feldstein.
Two-week FSR/E Methods Course for Niger S. Poats.
Mali PRSPR/SECID/USAID FSR/E overview and concepts
shortcourse for practitioners and FSR/E workshop for
decisionmakers on policy issues S. Poats.
Advisory Council Meeting C. Andrew.
May Case Studies Training for Trainers Course- WIAD/UF and
FSSP/Population Council S. Poats.
TU Vo. II Revisions made L. Walecka.
4 Teach Agricultural Development Administration
June 12 K. McDermott and C. Andrew.
FSSP Newsletter (Spanish) Volume 5, No. 2 S. Kearl.
FSSP Newsletter (French) Volume 5, No. 2 S. Kearl.
1987 Work Plan 17
4-8 Annual Review-Tropsoils (tentative) P.Hildebrand.
May-June West African Integrated Livestock Networkshop on Animal
Power in a Farming Systems Perspective S. Poats. June 1987
June 1 Deadline for submission to Westview Press of "Gender Issues
and FSR/E" S. Poats
FSSP Project Overview S. Kearl & Core.
TU Vol II Processing L. Walecka.
Vol. I & II/French identify recipients & distribute
complementary copies L. Walecka.
Completion of FSSP/Population Council Case Studies
West African Integrated Livestock Network Steering
Committee Meeting Tentative (Bamako, Mali) S. Poats.
July Personal leave/Consulting for ISNAR S. Poats.
FSSP Newsletter (English), Volume 5, No. 3 S. Kearl.
FSR/E Three-week Short Course for USAID Participants
Presently in US and Others University of Florida August 1987
August-Sept Mali PSRPR/SECID/USAID Diagnostic Survey Workshop (2
Weeks) S. Poats.
Advisory Council Meeting C. Andrew.
3-7 AAEA-East Lansing, Michigan P. Hildebrand
FSSP Annual Planning Meeting (contingent upon project
Aug-Dec Teach AGG 5505 Plant Protection in Tropical Ecosystems
C. Barfield and S. Poats.
1987 Work Plan 18
September FSSP Newsletter Volume 5, No. 4 S. Kearl.
FSSP 1987 Annual Report FSSP Core Staff October 1987
October 18-21 FSR/E Symposium, University of Arkansas FSSP Core Staff.
22-23 (FSSP) Annual Meeting, University of Arkansas FSSP Core
1987 Work Plan 19
SUPPORT ENTITY COLLABORATION
TABLE I: POTENTIAL FSSP II ACTIVITIES
Activities SE Involvement/Commitment Funding Required
1. Informal communication 1. Network membership small 1. Minor funding clearing house. fee provide information to (Varied term).
2. Core support base to 2. Collaboration with 2. Funding for a core
manage any or all of the Advisory and Technical minimum of two FTEs
programs listed below responsibilities for the and support. Size of
(3-13). the support network base. core budget depends on
number of program
activities and contribution to core from
buy-in activity (5 yr
3. Newsletter and 3. Network user fees if 3. Funding for informapublication/information necessary, assist with tion package (editor &
Service current FSSP proposal development, support) to maintain
newsletter,documentation provide FSR/E state-of- worldwide FS informatand publication program. the-art and program tion network(5 yr term).
4. Symposia or workshop 4. Participant and 4. Funding for secretarand experience exchange institutional user fees iat support to compleCurrent FSR/E Symposium along with commitments to ment user fees (5 yr
(US) & possible regional assist in proposal & fund term). affiliates through development, hosting,
region based networks. committee actions, etc.
5. Regional networking 5. Commitment to assist 5. Funding for core
support and US Network. in proposal and fund support and for regional
development, participation secretariat support with technical & advisory (Varied term). committees, and in program
delivery. Possible institutional membership fee in
US network if necessary.
6. Centralized training 6. Commitment to assist in 6. Proposals (group of materials development & proposal and fund develop- units or unit by unit) state-of-the-art ment participation and/or for funding by potential
synthesis. lead in task forces(varied user agencies such as
degrees of funding) for donors, IARCs national
training unit development programs (Varied term). and delivery (testing).
1987 Work Plan 20
Activities SE Involvement/Commitment Funding Required
7. Training of Trainers 7. commitment to assist in 7. Proposals (series of program and centralized proposal & fund development courses or course by support network for participation and/or lead course) for funding by
trainers, in development & delivery potential user agencies
of short courses, and for regional and
identification of high national support to
potential trainers, trainers (varied termplanning horizon
8. Regional training 8. Commitment through bi- 8. AID mission leader(W. Africa for example). lateral contracts to ship and other donor &
collaborate in program core participation
development and funding as in commiting general well as delivery through support through partifully funded participant cipant fees to nourish fees (including adminis- program core developtrative management fees. ment & delivery. General donor collaboration in
support (5-10 year
9. National Training 9. Commitment through bi- 9. Action by donor
program support service, lateral contracts to agencies on funding
achieve national "training needs for national
programs" with planning training programs and
for support interventions support to long term on a program & fund basis. ventures drawing on Commitment to strengthen worldwide training support capability and to support intervention lead and/or participate in as appropriate assignments. Assist with (5-10 year term). proposal & fund development for core base.
10. Formal U.S. Training l0.Commitment to curric- 10. Prescription by
(BS, MS & PhD) ulum development in FSR/E donors in funding
as complement to majors in student programs rebio-phys. and soc. sci. quiring some FSR/E
Provide assistantships, course work. Either
minors and other stimuli added funding or some to augment participation. reallocation to stimulate balanced
training (long term).
1987 Work Plan 21
Activities SE Involvement/Commitment Funding Required
11. Regional institution- 11. Collaborative support 11. Core support by alization. Regional of bilateral contractors donors to selected
training and support and other national support region based univerbases established projects to participation sities and/or other
through core transition. with the selected institut- entities to assume ions. SE commitment to pro- functions similar to posal and fund development. FSSP (5 to 10 yr term).
12. Limited technical 12. Utilization by SEs in 12. Increased sensiassistance. orientation/training/ tivity & commitment to
participant add-on ser- strengthening TA human
vices for TA participation resource base. and/or leadership in
13. Full technical 13. Commitment to sub- 13. Commitment by USAID
assistance support for contracting from central missions to rational
FSR/E team development unit to deliver services timing and planning
and deployment, to USAID. Commitment to framework (past
lean and uncomplicated experience is good).
procurement process. Con- Commitment by USAID tributions to development Bureaus to core manageand maintenance of a ment fund as well as
bio-data service, fee or mission delivery
to sustain core.
1987 Work Plan 22
PROGRAM PACKAGES RESULTING FROM VARIOUS COMBINATIONS OF PROGRAM ACTIVITIES PROGRAM PACKAGES PROGRAM ACTIVITIES
A. minimum Networking 1
B. World Wide Network Base 1,2,3,4
C. Regionally Extended World Wide Network 1,2,3,4,5
D. Minimum US Training Base 10
E. Minimum Training and Network Base 1,10
F. World Wide Training Development Base 2,6,7,10
G. World Wide Formal Training Base 2,10,11
H. Regionally Extended World Wide Formal and
Informal Training Base 2,6,7,8,9,10,11
I. State-of-The-Art Synthesis Base 1,2,3,4,6
J. minimum Technical Assistance 2,12
K. World Wide Technical Assistance 2,12,13
L. Total World Wide Farming System Support Program 1 through 13
1987 Work Plan 23