Title Page
 Current status

Title: Soil Management Collaborative Research Support Program administrative report for the period September 25, 1981 - February 28, 1983
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055431/00001
 Material Information
Title: Soil Management Collaborative Research Support Program administrative report for the period September 25, 1981 - February 28, 1983
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: McCants, Charles B.
Stevens, Kim S.
Publisher: Soil Management CRSP, North Carolina State University
Publication Date: 1983
Subject: Farming   ( lcsh )
Agriculture   ( lcsh )
Farm life   ( lcsh )
Funding: Electronic resources created as part of a prototype UF Institutional Repository and Faculty Papers project by the University of Florida.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00055431
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Title Page
        Page 1
    Current status
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
Full Text




SEPTEMBER 25, 1981 FEBRUARY 28, 1983

Prepared by:

Charles B. McCants
Kim S. Stevens

Management Entity
Soil Management CRSP
North Carolina State University
Raleigh, North Carolina




SEPTEMBER 25, 1981 FEBRUARY 28, 1983


The final program proposal for the Soil Management CRSP was sub-
mitted to the Agency for International Development (AID) by the Plan-
ning Entity on October 14, 1980. It provided a high degree of speci-
ficity on research strategy, collaborating host country institutions,
participating U.S. universities, staffing patterns and budgets. These
recommendations were based on information obtained from detailed on-
site discussions with potential host country participants, expres-
sions of interest from local AID missions, written proposals from
universities and suggestions by an External Advisory Panel composed
of scientists experienced in international agricultural development.

The rant to the Management Entity was effective September 25,
1981 The duration is five years and differs from the proposal submit-
tedby the Planning Entity only in limitations caused by budget con-
straints. The number of agroecological zones for research was reduced
from four to three, the number of participating U.S. universities
from six to four and the authorized AID budget from $25,851,000 to

Subgrants between the Management Entity and the participating
universities were completed in January, 1982, and actions initiated
at that time to develop the protocol to permit on-site posting of
personnel in host countries. The humid tropics/Peru program is based
on one initiated with previous AID funding; the Memorandum of Agree-
ment (MOA) developed for it has continued to be used. For the other
countries, the Director of the Management Entity and the Principal
Investigator for the respective agroecological zone prepared a draft
MOA, transmitted it to the country and later made on-site visits to
discuss the MOA in detail and make mutually acceptable revisions.
The dates of these visits were: humid tropics/Indonesia--March and
September, 1982; semi-arid tropics/Niger--February and September,
1982; acid savannas Brazil--April, 1982. In addition, exploratory
discussions have been held with the government of ,Mali, the govern-
ment of Upper Volta and with ICRISA1, The MOA with Niger is the only
one that has been officially approved.



Management Entity

The staff of the Management Entity consists of the Director and
an Administrative Secretary. Initial steps have been undertaken to
upgrade the support position to Administrative Assistant and to estab-
lish a secretary and a communication specialist position.

The Board of Directors and Technical Committee approved the acro-
nym "TropSoils" for the program and a logo has been developed. The
first issue of the periodical news organ TropSoils Communiques was
issued on October 1, 1982. The intent is that it be published on a
quarterly basis. However, the absence of a communication specialist,
the high priority given by the Director to negotiating host country
agreements and the assistance provided by the Management Office to
the participating universities have prevented preparation of the sec-
ond issue.

Growth of the program has resulted in a dramatic increase in
the number of questions that need attention. Many of them relate to
policies, procedures and allowable expenditures that are not ad-
dressed in sufficient detail by current references. In response to
an evident need, the Management Office, in collaboration with the
participating institutions and AID, is developing a policy and proce-
dures manual.

Humid Tropics/Indonesia

The lead institution. University of Hawaii, has employed an
on-site coordinator-' and a research leader; the support institution,
North Carolina State University, has employed a research leader.
Both research leaders have extensive experience in working in develop-
ing countries. However, the inability to obtain approval of a MOJ
has prevented the posting of any-personnel in the host country.

Each University has made a commendable effort to initiate such
research as can be done under the constraints. Data from 88 soil
profiles from the transmigration area in West Sumatra have been ob-
tained. A geostatistical analysis of these data shows that there
is considerable structure in the variance indicating that it will
be possible to produce computer generated maps of the distribution
of soil pH, phosphorus, aluminum saturation and sand, silt and clay
content. The objective is to use geostatistics to develop soil con-
straints maps for guiding the application of soil management inputs
into locations of greatest influence.

- On-site coordinators for each agroecological zone also conduct
independent research.

Humid Tropics/Peru

The internal situation in the host country has not been condu-
cive to opening negotiations for developing a MOA for the boil Manage-
ment CRSP. This action will be taken as soon as appropriate. Previous
~areemens with a host country institution and with the International
Potato Center provide a satisfactory umbrella for current*operations.

Attention has been given to revision of the previous program
to meet the CRSP objectives. New and continued field research experi-
ments, mostly near Yurimaguas, are concentrated on the following sub-

a. Evaluating the medium and long-term stability of fertilizer-
based continuous cropping systems. The three-crop-per-year
'rotation, which averages nearly 10 t/ha yield, is very goo9
as long as the required fertilizer inputs are made. Wee4
control is becoming a limiting factor and major research
efforts are being initiated on this topic.

b. Developing minimum input crop production systems. The most
promising components appear to be 1) use of acid-tolerant
species and varieties leading to a new rotational system
of rice-peanuts-cowpeas which requires little lime and 2)
use of rock phosphate which allows the soil's acidity to
solubilize the phosphorus rather than employ an expensive
industrial process. Other potential components are minimum
tillage and managed kudzu fallows.

c. Developing alternate farming systems for soils on various
landscape positions. Major efforts are underway on 1)
legume-based pastures; 2) agroforestry and 3) intensive man-
agement of alluvial soils.

d. Extrapolating, validating and adapting improved agronomic
technologies on 1) surrounding farm lands; 2) research sites
in other areas of the Peruvian jungle and 3) areas of the
Brazilian jungle near Manaus.

e. Characterizing soils, especially via the Fertility Capabili-
ty Classification (FCC) System to assist the extrapolation
efforts; including 1) refinement of FCC and near completion
of an PCC map of the developing world and 2) soil genesis
research on pockets of Alfisols within the Amazon Basin.

f. Fostering technology transfer via participation in 1) re-
search networks; 2) conferences and symposia; 3) publishing
technical and general articles and 4) formal training of
soil scientists from developing and developed countries.

Semi-Arid Tropics/Niger

The MOA to permit posting of personnel in Niger is expected to
be approved in March. 1983. TgSaAsAMUniversity has an employeepre-
pared to move to the host country shortly thereafter.

A report is nearing completion on a soil survey made by Texas COyP g i
A&M personnel of the ICRISAT Sahelian Center near Niamey, Niger.
Field work for the survey of this 500 ha research station was fin-
ished in 1982 and laboratory characterization of soil samples is in
progress. The data and associated text will be compiled in a formal
document which will include classification of the soils by both the
U.S. and French systems. The publication will be printed in English
and French languages.

Details have been developed on two research projects: 1) soil
temperature modification and 2) amelioration of wind erosion/sand
blasting by soil surface manipulations. Components of these will be
conducted in Niger and in Texas.

The potential for establishing secondary research sites have
been examined in Upper Volta, Mali and Cameroon. Some encouraging
evidence has developed.

Campus-based research supportive of the program objectives is
in progress. It includes studies on the role of iron in soil crusting
and on cropping systems, wind erosion control and water management
for dryland conditions.

Acid Savannas/Brazil

The original grant did not provide for research in this agroeco-
logical zone. However, a communication from the Administrator of AID
requested that consideration be given to work in this region. In
November, 1981, a formal recommendation was made that Cornell Univers-
ity shift its research from the humid tropics/Peru to the acid savan-
nas. However, formal action was not completed until October, 1982.
During the interim, discussions were initiated with EMBRAPA, the
Brazilian research organization, and following AID approval for the
program a MOA submitted to Brazil for action. The verbal response
has been positive, but formal approval has not occurred. Thus, it
has not been possible oopost on site the senior scientist and junior
scientist employed by Cornell University and, thus, to initiate the

Considerable effort has gone into developing analyses of re-
search needs and proposals for investigations at the Cerrado Center
of EMBRAPA at Planaltina, Brazil. A high priority objective is to -
maximize the uilation of nitroen in the cropping system. With
the high cost of synthetically fixed nitrogen, the use of biological-
ly fixed nitrogen becomes more attractive. Along with this is the

need for soil erosion control and development of long-term cropping
systems. The conventional lime, phosphorus and potassium requirements
will be developed as part of longer term management systems.

A specific research proposal has been prepared with the objec-
tives of identifying tropical legumes capable of accumulating large
amounts of nitrogen and which have good potential as green manure
crops on acid savanna soils. An associated objective is to evaluate
management requirements necessary to utilize the potential of these
tropical legumes as nitrogen fixers. The goal of this particular re-
search is to develop a legume green manure management program that
can be used within a non-legume cropping system.


Management Entity

Management Office
Charles B. McCants, Director
Kim S. Stevens, Administrative Secretary

Board of Directors
Morris E. Bloodworth, Chairman
Ada B. Demb
J. Lawrence Apple
Edwin Oyer

Technical Committee
Frank G. Calhoun, Chairman
Douglas J. Lathwell
Goro Uehara
John J. Nicholaides

External Evaluation Committee
John K. Coulter, Chairman
Marlowe D. Thorne
Peter E. Hildebrand

Country Programs

Name Position Salary from
CRSP Funds

Humid Tropics/Indonesia
University of Hawaii
Uehara, Goro Principal Investigator 0
Thompson, John On-Site Coordinator 0
Colfer, Carol On-Site Research Leader 100
Cagauan, Bernardino, Jr. Research Associate 10

Name Position Salary from
CRSP Funds

Chan, Clement P. Y.
Chang, Annette
Manuelpillai, George
Murabayashi, Naomi
Sakumoto, Suemi
Tsuji, Gordon
Yost, Russell

Nicholaides, J. J.
Wade, M. K.
Makarim, K.

Nicholaides, J.
McCollum, R. E.
Benites, J. R.
Alegre, J. R.
Ara, M. A.
Bandy, D. E.
Buol, S. W.
Cassel, D. K.
Gichuru M. P.
Gill, D. W.
Hoag, R. E.
Johnson, D. F.
Katz, L. B.
Miller, R. H.
Monar, B. I2/
Piha, M. .-
Powell, J. A.
Sanchez, P. A.
Silsbee, D. M.
Smithson, P. C.
Szott, L. T.

Calhoun, F. G.
Chase, R. G.

Computer Specialist
Administrative Assistant
Administrative Manager
Clerk Typist/Word Processor
Account Clerk
Project Manager
Assistant Agronomist

Humid Tropics/Indonesia
North Carolina State University
Principal Investigator
On-Site Research Leader
Junior Scientist

Humid Tropics/Peru
North Carolina State University
Principal Investigator
On-Site Coordinator
On-Site Research Leader
Junior Scientist
Junior Scientist
Assistant Prfoessor
Junior Scientist
Junior Scientist
Junior Scientist
Junior Scientist
Department Head
Administrative Assistant
Research Assistant
Research Technician
Research Technician
Junior Scientist

Semi-Arid Tropics/Niger
Texas A&M University
Principal Investigator
On-Site Coordinator

-Terminated October 31, 1982.


Name Position Salary from
CRSP Funds

Bui, Elisabeth Junior Scientist 100
Caldwell, Kimberly Secretary 100
Gardiner, James Junior Scientist 100
Landeck, Jonathon Junior Scientist 100
Moreno, Christiana C. de Clerk 100
Pearcy, Carol A. Student Researcher 100
Ramirez, Alejandro Student Worker 100
Shadfan, Harbi Research Associate 100
Yerima, Bernard P. K. Junior Scientist 100

Acid Savannas
Cornell University
Lathwell, D. J. Principal Investigator 0
Stoner, Eric R. On-Site Coordinator 100
Bowen, Walter T. Junior Scientist 100


AID Funding

Unit Allocation Expenditures Balance

Management Entity
Cornell University
Univ. of Hawaii
N.C. State Univ.
Texas A&M Univ.


$ 451,000.00


$ 198,863.48


$ 252,136.52


University Cost Sharing

Cornell University
N.C. State University
Texas A&M University
University of Hawaii

$ 33,293.34

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