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Annual report
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055292/00010
 Material Information
Title: Annual report
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 23-28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Bean/Cowpea Collaborative Research Support Program
Publisher: Michigan State University
Place of Publication: East Lansing, Mich
Publication Date: 1987
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Beans -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Numbering Peculiarities: Issued in parts: Part one. Technical summary.--Part two. External review panel.
General Note: Description based on: 1983.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 19930082
lccn - sn 89013327
System ID: UF00055292:00010

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Full Text



















1987 ANNUAL REPORT
PROJECT TITLE XII- BEAN COWPEAA
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

















1987 ANNUAL REPORT


PROJECT TITLE XII - BEAN / COWPEA

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC


I.- PROGRESS.

A.1 - Breeding for the resistance of Bacterial blight of red
mottled bean type, coming from the National Breeding Program,
through the crossing of the following strains :

a) PC-50 x BAT-1274
b) BAT-1274 x PC-50
c) PC-50 x BAC-42
d) PC-50 x DOR-198
e) DOR-198 x PC-50

From the above materials, we have selected 47 strains, in
generation Fm - Fs, from which we can high light the following :


Elite Strains


Progenitors


1- PCM-21Fe-HI-SM
2- PM-21Fa-HI-SF.1
3- PC-21Fs-HI-SF.3
4- PCM-17Fa-HI-SM
5- PC-17F,-HII-SF.1
6- PC-18F,-HII-SM
7- PM-18Fs-HII-SF.3
8- PC-18Fw-HII-SF.2
9- PCM-18Fm-HII-SF.1
10- PC-2OF,-HII-SF.2
11- PC-16Fm-HII-SF.1


DOR-198 x PC-50
11 ii 1 i
S " ,x It
BAT-1274 x PC-50


BAC-42 x PC-50
11 " x II I
" " : I" "
FC-50 x BAC-42
PC-50 x BAT-1274


These elite strains have a Bacterial evaluation of 1.5 - 2.0
with artificial inoculation in San Juan de la Maguana, an in
natural infections of field conditions in Constanza valley.
We should say that we have recover the shape, color and size of
the Pompadour type grain, and de resistance to bacterial blight.

We can observe the selections with growth habit II,wich keep a
grain size from middle to big; this of vital importance to
increase the productivity rate of these materials, with growth
habit II.

A.1.2 Breeding for the resistance of the golden Mosaic Virus.

The Projet has carry out a series of crossings with the
tolerant strain DOR-3SO. The following crossing are highlighted
from them :





















Segregant Materials

1- PTR-22eF-HI I-SF.2
2- PC-E2F.-HII-SF.1
3- PCM-22F-HI I-SF .3
4- PCM-22F,-HII-SM


Progenitors


PC-50 x DOR-303

II II x i
II II ... II II
II Ii *. Ii II


Evaluations on the resistance to Golden Mosaic Virus through
inoculations under controled greenhouse conditions have permitted
to detect tolerance grades of segregant strains, among which we
can pick out the following strains :

PC-27Fa.-HII-SF.2
RM-27F,-HII-SF.3
RM-22F--HI-SF.1

These strains presented late symptoms (31 days) after inocula-
tion. We should say that the crossing with DOR-303 have been
susceptible to Bacterial blight, so we are planning a crossing
system of double hybrid with the better strains for Golden Mosaic
Virus and the better for Bacterial blight, with the grain, shape
and color similar to Pompadour type.

A.1.3 Selections of Segregant Material coming from UPR.

During the period September 1986 - April 1987, we have two
cycles of consecutive selection of 830 segregants materials in F.
referred to : Precocity, Growth habit, Bacterial blight, Rust and
Golden Mosaic, mainly.
These materials have color, shape and grain size similar to
Pompadour and Jose Beta types and correspond to crossing between
the following lines :


Jos6 Beta x PAD-1
PAD-1 x JosE Beta
PC-50 x PAD-1
PAD-1 x PC-50


5- DOR-213 x Jose Beta
6- 78631 x PC-50
7- PC-157 x BAT-1272
8- PC-157 x L10846


Among 44 selected materials, we should pick out :


Denomination
Elite
PR-PCM-27Fm-HI-SF.1I
PR-PC-27Fm-HI-SF.2
PR-PC-27Fm-HI-SF.3
PR-PC-18Fm-HI-SM
PR-JB-175Fm-HII-SM
PR-PC-569Fm-HII-SM


Generals
Flower Bact.
31 1.5
31 1.5
31 1.5
36 - -
36 1.5
33 2.0


Observat ions
Mildid Rust
1.5 - -
1.5 --
1.5 - -
2.5 -3.
1.5 v-8Y%


No.


(8)
(8)
(8)
(5)
(62)
(147)

















In short, during this year, we made evaluations to about 1,200
segregant materials, from which it was selected a total of 110
materials in F.5 - Fe, that have passed to increase blocks of Elte
Materials and Adaptation Nursery, so that they can accomplish
all the stages in selection system.
With the incorporation of Experimental Station Centro Horticola
de constanza, the Projet is in capacity of made three generations
of segregant materials /year, which accelerate the process of
increase and selection.

On the other hand, we should highlight the importance of the
selection o strains, growth habit, which allow us to have a
better view, in order to increase the productivity rate and
production in reaction to the strains, growth habit I.

2. Research Results disseminated and in use in the Host Country
and in the United States.

a.2.1 Cultivars Breeding.

The Projet is still supporting the genetic seed production
of strain PC-50, which has been released by SEA. For this objective
we printed a brochure, about the main features of the released
material. This brochure is attached to this report.

a.2.2 Methodology for the Disease Control.

The project finished the study about determination of
commercial use fungicide in Dominican Republic, for the control
of Web Bligt, produced by the fungus Thanetephorus cucumeris
(Frank), imperfect stage Rhizoctonia solani-Kuhn.
The obtained results show that the better control efficiency and
the better economics results are gotten from the fungicide Fentin
Acetato de Sn (BrestAn 60) in a dose of 0.8 kgr/ha of active
ingredient,in four applications the 15 - 25 - 40 - 55 days since
the planting date.
This work was presented in the XXXII PCCMCA Annual Meeting, held
in Guatemala, from 30th to April 4th,1987.
This work is of vital importance for the dominican beans produ-
cers,because variety Pompadour is susceptible to the disease,
report losses among 60-80% in commercial plantations.













-4-


b.1 Evidence of extent of use.

The Secretarfa de Estado de Agricultura, Seed Department
planted a surface of 8 hectares of Basic Material PC-50, with a
production of 9.31 metric tonss of Foundation Seed, which volume
is to be used in the planting corresponding to november,1987, a
surface of 128 hectares for the production of bean certified
seed,with an estimated production volume of 148 metric tons of
commercial seed.

3- Other Researches and Results.

a. Germplasm : Use and Maintenace.
We keep the whole collection of Pompadour types, constituted
b.y 28 strains gathered at at National level. Some of these
materials, have been sent to the Universities of Puerto Rico and
Nebraska to be uded in studies about the Non-especific Resistant
Mechanism to the disease Bean Rust.
In sum, we kept 1200 experimental bean strains at the Germplasm
Bank of the Experimental Station Arroyo Loro and in Seed Depart-
ment at CESDA- San Cristobal.

a.1.2 There were sent to UPR, 600 games approx. of seed of the
strains shown below :

PM--28F.e-HI-SF .2
PC-18F--HI-SF.1
PC-20F7-HI-SF.1
PC-18F,-HII-SF.2

The increase of these strains will be used to make evaluations
through the Adaptation Nursery Caribbean type, in coordination
with the ean Cooperative Program for Centralamerica and the
Caribbean - CIAT.

d. Contribution and Attendance to International Net of Bean/Cow-
pea Research.

The Projet carries out the coordination and integration of
the activities that are to be developed by the CIAT- Bean
Program and COSUDE Projet to elaborate the work Plan and identify
materials for the breeding program,at it also serves for the
capacity of technical personnel.















e. How the Research finding address the Needs of Small Farmers
and Women.
The Projet correspond to the research needs, based on the
priorities of capability and technological transfer,wich allow a
better use of technical-ecomical available resources, within the
politics of global research of SEA-DIA.

B- Changes in the National Production of Bean and Cowpea at the
Host Country.
In general sense, the planted area of red and black bean
decreased a 34.0% and 39.0% In 1986, related with 1985. This is
so mainly because of tie changes in the seed distribution
system, which was supported by the Dominican State, for the small
and middle producers located at the mountainous zones.
Graphs 1 and 2 show the development of the planted area, of the
production and of the productivity of red and back beans
cultivars.Graph 3 show the productivity of the red and black
beans per planting seasons.

Graph 1

Evolution of planted area of.red and black bean, per planting
time during the Period 1979-86
-Hectares-

I- Red Mottled Bean
Planting
time 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986

Spring 14984 12273 9411 8062 22086 17905 15111 10933

Fall 16184 15946 14396 12066 26014 15896 17820 13086

Winter 19722 21138 17423 20714 21551 32275 24808 14138

Total 50890 49357 41230 40842 69651 66826 57739 38147

II- Black Bean.
Spring 8619 2901 3007 1016 1437 3101 3946 1261

Fall 5560 7751 8488 4851 4669 2778 4712 2366

Winter 2752 3430 2054 1188 1055 8968 2700 781

Total 10931 14088 13549 7055 7161 9847 11358 4408

Source : Memorias Anuales 1979-86. Program Nacional de Fomento
de Leguminosas Alimenticias.Depto. de Produccidn-SEA.



















Graph 2


Evolution of the Production and Productivity of red mottled and

black bean during the Period 1979-86.


I- Red Mottled Bean


Harvested Area
-Hectares-

33,992
52,269
45,736
35,939
48,577
58,647
43,370
38,295


Product ion
-Metric Tons-

30,622
38,350
36,126
27,781
33,918
42,247
35,066
25,173


Product ivity
-Index-

900 kgr/ha
734 1
790 "
773 "
698 "
720 "
809 "
658 "


II- Black Bean


1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986


Note : In August 1987, we have imported
bean "Pinto" of 2,500 t.m.


from USA a volume of dry


Source : Memorias AnLales 1979-86. Program Nacional de Fomento
de Leguminosas Alimenticias. Depto. de Produccidn-SEA.


Years


1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986


9,140
14,960
13,401
8,277
7,075
5,100
8,426
4,292


9,254
11,531
14,091
7,176
5,318
4,724
8,071
3,193


1012
771
1051
867
752
926
958
744


kgr/ha
Ifi

It
I,

II













-7-



Graph 3


PRODUCTIVITY OF RED AND BLACK BEAN PER PLANTING TIME

DURING THE PERIOD 1979-86

KILOGRAM / HECTARES


YEARS R e d M

Spring

1979 325

1980 571

1981 526

1982* 508

1983 491

1984 477

1985 563

1986 486


o t I e

Fal 1

824

744

752

636

520

690

715

610


d Bean

Winter

824

846

802

773

961

831

939

798


B a

Spring

795

752

715

838

961

701

788

710


c k

Fall

795

795

1019

798

578

1012

708

740


Be a n

Winter

1084

939

860

867

744

976

781

762


* the produtivity average of Spring and Fall, 1982 was calculated
based on the average of 1981-82.

Source : Memorias Anuales 1979-86. Program Nacional de Fomento
de Leguminosas Alimenticias - Depto. de Produccidn.













-8-


C- Institutional Development of the Bean / Cowpea Research and
Improvement of the System.

C., Here, we should mention the institutional strength in the
improvement of the utilized system. to determine the priorities
that are to be taken into consideration for the research activi-
ties :
There are three basic steps at the institutional development:

lest. The evaluation at a National Level of the problems confron-
ted by the crop in order to measure their importance. Among
them, we can mention the Survey about the Common Mosaic
Virus incidence and the incidence of Root rot, produced by
Sclerotium rolfsii at San Rafael de Yuma- Higuey zone. The
obtained results shown that these problems are strongly
located and that their incidence ain the production and
bean productivity in lessen.

2nd. We herd a workshop about Bean Crop Shortened Diagnosis,with
the attendance of 35 technicians from the Department of
Agricultural Reseach, Extension Service and Production, to
establish the priorities in the area of Capability,Technolo-
gy Transfer.
This will allow us have schedules for Short, Mid and long
times .

3ed. The ingress of technical - administrative personnel of
Project Title XII into the payrool of SEA.
The following personnel was incorporated to the SEA
payroll :

A- Technical personnel.

1- Ing. agrdn Cristdbal Adames-EEAL salary RD$700.00
2- Ing. agrdn Alfonsina SAnchez-EEAL salary RD$700.00
3- Ing. agrdn Julio Cesar Nin-EEAL salary RD$700.00
4- Ing. agrin M.S. Eladio A. Santana-EEAL salary RD$700.00
5- Ing. agrdn. Freddy Saladin GarcIa salary RD$900.00
6- Ing. agr6n. Marino Tejada - CENDA salary RD$850.00

Total salary to technical personnel ......... RD$4700.00

B- Administrative personnel.

1- Secretaria Maria T. Bidd salary RD$450.00

Total salary to Administrative personnel .......RD$450.00

















C- Worker personnel.


1- Manuel Mateo Mora-EEAL salary RD$250.00
2- Agustina Valenzuela-EEAL salary RD$250.00

Total salary to Worker personnel ...............RD$500.00

Grand total of fringes/month incorporated to
the SEA payroll ..............................RD$5,650.OO

In the case of the DR Projet Principal Investig a nd Coordina-
tor, the salary payed by SEA represents th 839.0%of the whole
salary that he used to get by the Projet payr - .
In the case of the technical personnel, Projet Title XII will
pay a complete the amount that is to be their full-time salary.

In short, the ingress to the SEA payrolls of a part of the the
Administrative-Technical personnel represents a reduction of
37.8% of the costs.This a significant step for institutional
strengthening of the Leguminosae National Program.Department of
Agronomical Research-SEA.

C.e Present Phase of the Projet.

The Projet is in the second year of the 1986-88 extension.
We have concentrated our work in the search of new materials
with resistance to Bacterial blight, Golen Mosaic and Web blight
mainly, but addressed to the type growth habit II indeterminated.

This orientation is the result of the analysis of advantages
made on the materials with a greater tolerance grade than the
pompadour Checa - strain PC-50, that have not increased
significantly the yield grain of the selected creole material.

C.> Prospect.
It is considered that by 1989, we will count with selected
basic material from strains with growth habit II, with the
characteristics of precocity, tolerance to Bacterial blight,
Bean rust and Golden Mosaic, with a greater yield capacity
than strain PC-50.

With this basic material, we would start a commercial produc-
tion with certified seed, coordinated with the SEA Seed
Department.

C., Projet training targets during three year-year extension
period 1986-88.













-10-


In a general sense, the competence of the technical perso-
nnel, regarding Master and Doctorae scholarship, has been
discontinued as a general politics of CRSP - Projet Title
XII.
However, Technical Training is being impelled in coordina-
tion with the Tropical Agriculture International Center-CIAT
and the Agriculture Sciences I-nteramerican Institute-IICA,
in order to cover those specific areas that mean interest
for the Dominican Republic.

Within those areas , we should mention the following :

- Training in service to selected interesting materials for
the Bean Golden Mosaic Virus.

- Training in service to identify and selected source resis-
tance for the Bean Web Blight.

- Training in service for research in producers'farms and
priorities determination.

On October 1987, we will offer a Course about " Research in
Producers'Farms", emphasizing the bred materail that are to be
released, with attendance of people from Projet title XII and
the Bean Cooperative Program for Centralmerica and the Caribbean-
CIAT.


II- Funds / Fiscal Management.

A.- Custody and Maintenance of Vehicles, Equipment and other
non-usable properties bought by CRSP.

1- Station Wagon Chevrolet-Malibu,#14402, assigned to the
Research Dept. Director.
2- Jeep Cherokee,#15223, assigned to the PI-Investigator.
for the general service.
3- Honda motorcycle, #89640, assigned to the technical
personnel of EAAL- San Juan de la Maguana.
4- Honda motorcycle, #38616, assigned to the technical
personnel of EEAl-SJM.
5- Tractor Ford 5000, assigned the Arroyo Loro Station-SJM.
6- Rome-plow, assigned to Arroyo Loro Station-SJM.
7- Generator Honda, assigned to Arroyo Loro Station-SJM.
8- Water pump 2", Honda, assigned to Arroyo Loro Statio-SJM.
9- Grass-cut, Grand Prix O20", assigned to Arroyo Loro Station
in San Juan de la Maguana.
10- Two Radios "Wilson" for communication between EEAL-SJM.
and Jeep Cherokee # 15223.














-11-


A., Office Equipment and Furniture.

A.1.1 Projet Title XII, Main Office,CESDA- San Crist6bal.

1- Three-drawers desk "COPEY"
1- Two-drawers desk "COPEY"
1- Four-drawers file "COPEY"
1- Two-doors locker "VULCANO"
1- Armless chair, fix.
4- Iron chairs, covered with natural fibers.
1- One-drawer, aid secretarial desk.
1- Electronic calculator,SHARP EL-1615 series #4100517FY.
1- Pocket calculator, Texas Instruments -TI 5010.Series
#239119.
1- Mini-computer, Compaq, UNL-25481.Series 31450052390.
1- Computer printer, Epson FX-80+.Series #071089.
1- Stability voltage,TEI electronics,Inc. 35-1000.
1- Slides projector without carroussel, Kodak,EKTAGRAFIC.
1- Elecrical typewriter,IBM,Selectric II.Series 3 266783436.

Note : The computer Compaq and its printer were exchanged for an
IBM computer-PC XT and printer C.TOH , property of
Agricultural Research Department-SEA in order to get
better work management.

A.1.2 Account Office- CESDA, San Cristdbal.

1- Four-drawer, file "INMETAL"
1- Calculator "SHARP",EC-1615.Series 4100564Y

A.1.3 CESDA Directors'Office, San Crist6bal.

1- Four-drawers,file "OMAR"

A.1.4 Leguminosae Program Office, CESDA, San Crist6bal.

1- Four-drawers, file "OMAR"

A.1.5 Subsecretariat of Agricultural Research, Extension and
Capability - SIEECA, Santo Domingo.

1- Executive metal desk, six drawers.
2- Jet giratory chair
3- Visitors armed-chairs, model SL.

A.1.6 Agricultural Minister Office.

1- Giratory chair.














-12-



A.1.7 Arroyo Loro Experimental Station - SJM.

6- Three-drawers desks.
1- Four-drawers file, "OMAR"
1- Four drawers file, "VULCANO"
6- Desk's armless chairs.
1- Mechanical typewriter, "OLIMPIA"
6- Ceiling-fan, desk.
1- Air-conditioned, Tempair.
40- Iron chairs,covered with natural fiber.
1- Calculator, "SHARP", model EL-1615, series # 4100429Y
1- Calculator, "SHARP", model EL-1615, series # 4100521Y
1- Aid-secretarial desk-one drawer.
1- Photocopier, "SHARP", model FS 756, series # 46213904.

B- Laboratories Equipment. EEAL- SJM.

1- Electronic balance,"SARTORIUS", model 1401 MP.
1- Mechanical incubator, economic , model 4EM.
Series 10 AW 74.
1- Stereoscopy, "American Optical", model 569-A
1- Microscope, "American Optical", series 2559555.
1- Autoclave, "AMSCO", model 608A,series 0204882-005.
1- Spectrofotometer, "Bausch Lomb".
1- Electrical Oven "Sargent Welch"
1- Refrigerator "NEDOCA",series 81051-A.

C- Local CounterPart Vehicles, Assigned to the Projet.

1- Minibus "TOYOTA", Coaster, 18 passengers, #17664, assigned
to EEAL-SJM.
1-Jeep " DAIHATSU", #14470, Assigned to the Project Principal
Office CESDA-SC.
1-Pick-up DATSUN, Diesel #18925, assigned to EEAL-SJM.

D- Audit/ Project Manage, Revision.

During June 1987, they conclude an audit made by the firm
Arthur Anderson and company, Through their local branch
Ramirez Francisco y Asociados.

The Audit results were sent to the firm Arthur Anderson and
Company. The Agricultural Research Department and CESDA and
Project Title XII Coordinator have no information concerning
it.


C- Fonds Adequacy by the CRSP participants.














-13 -


C, Hcst Contry Comments.

We, practically, keep the same comments of last year, since
there is not a definite politics yet, for the budgetary
fonds used in the Project execution. This is based on the
constant budget reductions made at a Host Country level,
as well as in the Universities os Nebraska and Puerto Rico,
which affect the technical and operational capability of
the Project personnel.

D- Problems Related to Budget, Release and Acquisition of Funds
in US and in the Host Country.

No Comments.

E- Adequacy of Current Politics and Procedures, specially in the
Use Of Fonds and Commodities.

No Comments.

III- Plans for 1987.

A-I Research to be made at the Host Country.

The research to be carried aut by Project Title XII are
within the work outline of the Leguminosae National
Program- Department of Agricultural Research, coordinated
with the University of Nebraska and the University of
Puerto Rico.

Within the joint activities we are thinking to carry out
some of the applied research, for the solution of the
priorities problems that affect the crop, as well as basic
Research of some relevant aspects. Within this work frame,
we can mention the main activities to be done:

1 - Selection of materials Red Mottled type for resis-
tance to the disease Bean Web Blight.

2 - Increase of segregant materials in F, - F9, selected
for Resistance to Bacterial Blight, Golden Mosaic and
Bean Rust. These materials come from the Breeding
National Program and the University of Puerto Rico,
to be included in the Adaptation and Yield Nurseries,
that are to be established at a national level.














- -14-

3 - Establishment of a crossing program for double
hibrids coming from selected strains resistant to
Golden Mosaic and Bacterial blight to incorporate
both resistant source in one genotype.

4 - In the Breeding Program, we will emphasize the
selection of individuals with a indetermined growth
habit (type II) with the purpose of breaking
productivity levels gotten with the selection
of habit I, so that we can produce an impact on the
bean production based on: Precocity, Growth habit,
Tolerance to Bacterial blight, Golden Mosaic and
Bean Rust, as well as in .color, shape and size of
the grain similar to the Pompadour type.


5 - Study on the interaction between Web blight and
Bacterial blight, to determine the interaction
mechanism between both diseases having similar
agroclimate requirements.

6 - Study about persistency of Bacterial blight on the
field residue of harvest (debris).

7 - Study about Chemical Control and Economic analyzes
of Bean Rust in the Norwest zone of the country.

8 - Determination of Rust Phisiologycal Races at the
Norwest zone of the country.

9 - Increase of Genetic and Basic material of the
promising lines of Red mottled, Black and White
beans.

10 - Establishment of verification lots, at a Semi-
commercial level, of promising lines to be evaluated
under the different condition prevailing at the main
producing zones.

11 - Yield trial of 22 White beans for selection at a
national level, with the purpose of offering alterna-
tives of production in those zones called "Problem
with the production of mottled Red Bean,Pompadour
type.

12 - Study about "intercropping" and cultural practices
for the control of Web blight.

13 - Study about the stratification environment - genotype
for strains, indeterminated type, growth habit II.




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