• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Farming systems research paper...
 Introduction
 Table of Contents
 Parts of the citation
 Abbreviations, acronyms, and...
 Subject headings
 Citations
 Keyword index
 Title index
 Author index






Group Title: Paper ;, no. 4S2
Title: A farming systems research bibliography of Kansas State University's vertical file materials
CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE PAGE TEXT
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055287/00001
 Material Information
Title: A farming systems research bibliography of Kansas State University's vertical file materials 1990 supplement
Series Title: Paper
Physical Description: xvi, 97 p. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Meyn, Tod L.
Donoghue, Nancy H
Kansas State University -- Libraries. -- Resources on Developing Countries
Publisher: Resources on Developing Countries, Farrell Library, Kansas State University
Place of Publication: Manhattan Kan
Publication Date: [1990]
 Subjects
Subject: Agricultural systems -- Bibliography -- Catalogs   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
catalog   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: Tod L. Meyn and Nancy Donoghue, compilers and editors.
General Note: "Office of International Agricultural Programs U.S. AID Title XII Strengthening Grant."--Cover.
General Note: "Fall 1990."
General Note: "Supplement two to the revised edition."
General Note: Includes indexes.
Funding: Farming systems research paper series ;
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00055287
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 23103361

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Title Page
        Page i
    Farming systems research paper series
        Page ii
    Introduction
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
    Table of Contents
        Page vi
    Parts of the citation
        Page vii
    Abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms
        Page viii
        Page ix
        Page x
        Page xi
        Page xii
        Page xiii
        Page xiv
    Subject headings
        Page xv
        Page xvi
    Citations
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
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        Page 45
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        Page 52
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        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
    Keyword index
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
    Title index
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
    Author index
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
Full Text
075"


OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL
AGRICULTURAL PROGRAMS
U.S. AID TITLE XII
STRENGTHENING GRANT


FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH

PAPER SERIES


Ii


KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY
MANHATTAN, KANSAS 66506 U.S.A.
























A FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH
BIBLIOGRAPHY OF KANSAS STATE
UNIVERSITY VERTICAL FILE MATERIALS:
1990 SUPPLEMENT


Tod L Meyn and Nancy Donoghue
Compilers and Editors

Paper No. 4S2
(Supplement Two to the Revised Edition)
Fall 1990







Resources on Developing Countries
Farrell Library
Kansas State University
Manhattan, Kansas 66506
USA







FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH PAPER SERIES


Kansas State University's Farming Systems Research (FSR) Paper Series is supported
by the U.S. Agency for International Development Title XII Program Support Grant. The
goal of the Program Support Grant is to increase the University's ability to implement
Title XII agricultural and nutritional development assistance programs in developing
countries. This paper series is maintained by the FSR Program Associates -- a
multidisciplinary team of professors who are aiming their activities at applied research on
farming from a systems perspective.

The purpose of the FSR Paper Series is to disseminate information on FSR.
Publication categories include updated bibliographies from KSU's FSR data base;
proceedings from KSU's FSR Systems Symposium; selected papers presented in KSU's
FSR Seminar Series; and selected papers prepared by KSU's Program Associates.

Copies of these papers may be obtained from the Distribution Center, Umberger Hall,
Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas 66506; phone (913) 532-5830. There will be
a charge for selected papers and multiple copies to help defray the cost of printing.

Vernon C. Larson
Director
International Agricultural Programs







NOTICE OF NON-DISCRIMINATION

Kansas State University is committed to a policy of non-discrimination on the basis of
race, sex, national origin, handicap, or other non-merit reasons, in admissions, educational
programs or activities, and employment, all as required by applicable laws and regulations.
Responsibility for coordination of compliance efforts and receipt of inquiries, including
those concerning Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 and Section 504 of the
Rehabilitation Act of 1973, has been delegated to Jane D. Rowlett, Ph.D., Director,
Affirmative Action Office, 214 Anderson Hall, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas
66506 (913-532-6220).








FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND THE KSU COLLECTION


Kansas State University is one of the increasing number of institutions involved in
farming systems research (FSR). The Library has organized a collection of materials
available to persons interested in the subject.

The Technical Advisory Committee's Review Team of Farming Systems Research has
defined a farming system as:

"a complicated, interwoven mesh of soils, plants, animals, implements,
workers, other inputs and environmental influences with the strands held
and manipulated by a person called the farmer who, given his [or her]
preferences and aspirations, attempts to produce output from the inputs
and technology available to him [or her]. It is the farmer's unique
understanding of his immediate environment, both natural and
socio-economic, that results in his [or her] farming system."

It goes on to describe FSR as:

"research (including training) which: (1) is conducted with a recognition
of and focusing towards the interdependencies and inter-relationships that
exist among elements of the farm system, and between these elements
and the farm environment; and (2) is aimed at enhancing the efficacy of
farming systems through the better focusing of agricultural research so as
to facilitate the generation and testing of improved technology.

"The major activities involved in FSR are:

(a) The collection and analysis of base data;
(b) The study of existing farming systems;
(c) The design of new farming systems;
(d) Farm systems experimentation; and
(e) The evaluation and monitoring of new farming systems."'







THE SUPPLEMENT ...


is the result of the KSU Farming Systems Research Program's ongoing documentation
effort, and lists FSR vertical file material and selected publications with Library of
Congress classification numbers found within KSU's Farrell Library. A complete listing
of FSR documents at KSU cited prior to this supplement can be found in the following
two previously issued bibliographies:

Graham, Gretchen A., ed. A Farming Systems Research Bibliography of Kansas State
University's Vertical File Materials (Revised). Farming Systems Research Paper Series
no. 4. Manhattan, Kan.: Resources on Developing Countries, Farrell Library, Kansas
State University. 1986.

Young, Noel D. and Elsa Eaton, eds. A Farming Systems Research Bibliography of Kansas
State University's Vertical File Materials: Some Selections from the Peter E.
Hildebrand Collection. Part One. Farming Systems Research Paper Series no. 4S1
(supplement 1 to the rev. ed.). Manhattan, Kan.: Resources on Developing Countries,
Farrell Library, Kansas State University. 1988.

Two other bibliographies in the FSR Paper Series are:

Young, Noel D. and Tod L. Meyn, comps. and eds. Women in Development: Selections
from Kansas State University's Vertical File Materials. Farming Systems Research
Paper Series no. 21. Manhattan, Kan.: Resources on Developing Countries, Farrell
Library, Kansas State University. 1989.

Young, Noel D. and Tod L. Meyn, comps. and eds. Botswana and Bechuanaland Items
Held in Farrell Library: A Compendium of Books, Documents, Reports, Journal
Articles, and Fugitive Literature. Part One. Farming Systems Research Paper Series
no. 20. Manhattan, Kan.: Resources on Developing Countries, Farrell Library, Kansas
State University. 1989.

The vertical file material includes unpublished papers, drafts, house organs and other
non-conventional items. Keyword, title and primary author indices are provided. The
standard for keywording is an "enhanced" CAB Thesaurus. Those items marked with a
"++" in the location code have not yet been assigned a Library of Congress classification
number.








Materials cited in this bibliography may be obtained in the following manner:

1) For KSU Library card holders, by coming to the Resources for Developing Countries
department, Room 314, Farrell Library, and checking out the material from the
librarian;
2) For all other United States' requestors, through interlibrary loan service, according to
interlibrary loan and KSU guidelines;
3) For persons outside the United States, and without interlibrary loan services, by mail
(requests will be filled subject to copyright status and length of item). Send your
inquiries to:

Resources on Developing Countries
Farrell Library
Kansas State University
Manhattan, Kansas 66506-1200
USA.
Tel.: (913) 532-7451
FAX: (913) 532-6144

We welcome suggestions and donations of new materials for the Farming Systems
Collection.


Nancy Donoghue
Librarian
Resources on Developing Countries
BITNET: NANCYDON@KSUVM







TABLE OF CONTENTS



Farming Systems Research Paper Series .............................. ii

Introduction ............... ................. ..... ....... ............ iii

Parts of the Citation ...... ...... ........... .......................... vii

Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Initialisms ............................ viii

Subject H eadings .............................................. xv

Citations .................................................... 1

Keyword Index ............................................... 64

Title Index ..... .................. ............ ............. 87

Author Index ..................... ..... ........ ............ 95








PARTS OF THE CITATION


accession number title place of publisher citation to larger work
j publication

2812 FOOD CONSUMPTION SURVEY IN GUIEIMAKA, GORGOL, BRAKNA AND
TRARZA REGIONS. IN: Farming Systems R search Along the Senegal River Valley
Frankenberger, T.R. (1986) Tucson, Ariz.: Uhiv. of Arizona, College of Agriculture.
(Mauritania Agricultural Research Project II; Report No.3, Apr. 1986) 105p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Mauritania, semiarid zones, surveys, food
consumption, food preferences, food preparation, food prices, food storage, food
distribution, wild plants, diseases, women, gardens, food shortages, seasonality MR.3.D


keywords location code







ABBREVIATIONS. ACRONYMS, AND INITIALISMS


AAAS
AABGA
ACDI
ACIAR
AD
ADB
ADC
ADNP
AFTRCW/UNEC

AHS
AIA
AICRPDA
AID/S&T
AID
ALDEP
APCWD

ASA
ASAE
ASPAC/FFT
ASTA
ATIP
AVRDC
BAEP
BARC
BIFAD
BDPA
c
C.I.A.T.
CAEP
CARDI

CATIE
CATIE/ROCAP

CDR
CENDA


American Association for the Advancement of Science
American Association of Botanical Gardens and Arboreta
Agricultural Cooperative Development International
Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research
Agricultural Administration
Asian Development Bank
Agricultural Development Council
Agricultural Development Ngamiland Project
African Training and Research Centre for Women/United Nations
Economic Commission for Africa
American Horticulture Society
Agricultor-Investigacion-Agricultor
?
Agency for International Development/Bureau for Science and Technology
Agency for International Development
Arable Lands Development Program
Asian and Pacific Centre for Women and Development (Bangkok,
Thailand)
American Society of Agronomy
American Society of Agricultural Engineers
Food and Fertilizer Technology Center of the Asian and Pacific Region
American Seed Trade Association
Agricultural Technology Improvement Project (Botswana)
Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center
Bureau of Economic Analysis and Planning
Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council
Board for International Food and Agricultural Development
Bureau pour le developpement de la production agricole
copyright
Centro de Investigacion Agricola Tropical (Bolivia)
Caribbean Agricultural Extension Project
Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute (U. of the
West Indies)
Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensenanza
Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensenanza/Regional
Office for Central American Programs
Centre for Development Research
Centro de Desarrollo Agropecuario (Zona Norte)








CENDERCO
CENDHRRA
CENTA/BID
CENTA
CEPAL
CES
CGIAR
CIAR
CIARLA
CIAT
CID
CIDA
CILSS

CIMMYT
CIP
CIPEA
CLADES
CLSR
CLSU
comp., comps.
CRDI
CRIA
CRIFC
CRSP
DAI
Dept.
DESFIL
ed., eds.
EFSAIP

EMBRAPA
et al.
FAO
FAO/SID

FONAIAP

FSDP-EV
FSIP
FSR
FSR/E
FSR/D


Centro para el Desarrollo Rural y Cooperativo
? (San Juan, Rizal, Philippines)
Centro Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria/? (El Salvador)
Centro Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria
Economic Commision for Latin America (Santiago, Chile)
Cooperative Extension Service (U.S.)
Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research
Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical
Centro de Investigaciones Agropecuarias Region Los Andes
Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical
Consortium for International Development
Canadian International Development Agency
Comite permanent interetat du lutte centre le secheresse dans le Sahel-
Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel)
Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo
Centro Internacional de la Papa
Centre international pour 1'elevage en Afrique
Latin American Centre for Economic and Social Documentation
Crop-Livestock Systems Research
Central Luzon State University
compiler, compilers
Centre de recherche pour le developpementinternational
Central Research Institute for Agriculture (Indonesia)
Central Research Institute for Food Crops
Collaborative Research Support Program
Development Alternatives, Inc.
Department
Development Strategies for Fragile Lands
editor, editors
Evaluation of Farming Systems & Agricultural Implements Project (Sebele,
Botswana)
Empressa Brasiliera de Pesquina Agropecuaria
(used when there are more than 3 authors)
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations/Swedish
International Development Agency
Fondo Nacional de Investigaciones
Agropecuarias(?)/Development(?)(Project)
Farming Systems Development Project Eastern Visayas (Philippines)
Farming Systems Improvement Project (Rwanda)
farming systems research
Farming Systems Research/Extension
Farming Systems Research/Development







FSSP
FSSP/GARD

FSSR
FY
GARD

GERDA

GIS
HYVs
IAAE
IADS
IAF
IAFP

IARCs
IARI
IBPGR
ICA
ICAR
ICARDA
ICLARM
ICMRD
ICRAF
ICRISAT
ICRW
ICTA

IDIAP
IDRC
IDS
IDS
IDWSSD
IE&R, IPIA

IFAD
IFDC/IRA

IFOAM
IFPP
IFPRI
IIAP


Farming Systems Support Project (University of Florida, Gainesville)
Farming Systems Support Project (University of Florida,
Gainesville)/Gambia Agricultural Research and Diversification (?)
Farming Systems Southern Region
fiscal year
Gambia Agricultural Research and Diversification (?)/Development (?)
(Project)
Groupement d'etudes et du recherches pour le developpement de
I'agronomie tropical
geographic information systems
high yielding varieties
International Association of Agricultural Economists
International Agricultural Development Service
Inter-American Foundation
International Agricultural and Food Program (Cook College, Rutgers
University)
International Agricultural Research Centers
International Agricultural Research Institute
International Board for Plant Genetic Resources
Institute Colombiano Agropecuario
Indian Council of Agricultural Research
International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas
International Centre for Living Aquatic Resources Management
International Center for Marine Resource Development
International Center for Research in Agroforestry
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
International Center for Research on Women
Institute de Ciencia y Tecnologia Agricolas-Institute of Agricultural
Science and Technology (Guatemala)
Institute de Investigaciones Agropecuarias de Panama
International Development Research Centre
Institute for Development Studies
international development strategy
International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade
International Education and Research, International Programs in
Agriculture (Purdue U.)
International Fund for Agricultural Development
International Fertilizer Development Center/Institute du recherche
agronomique
International Federation of Organic Agricultural Movements
Integrated Farming Pilot Project (Pelotshetlha)
International Food Policy Research Institute
Institute de Investigaciones Agropecuarias de Panama








IICA/INR

IICA/CIDIA



IITA
ILCA
ILO
INCAP
INIA
INIAP
INRA
INRAN
Inst.
INSTRAW

INTERPAKS

INTSORMIL/CRSP
INTSORMIL
IPIA
IPM
IRAEN
IRAT
IRCs
IRCT/Mali
IRRI
ISA
ISAR
ISNAR
ISRA

ISS
IUFS&T
IUNS
KKU
KKU/FCSP
KSU
LASA
MAFC
MARC
MARIF


Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture/Institute national
de recherches agronomiques
Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture Instituto
Interamericano de Ciencias Agricolas de la Organizacion de Estados
Americanos/Centro Interamericano de Documentacion e Informacion
Agricola
International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
International Livestock Center for Africa
International Labour Organisation
Institute de Nutricion de Centroamerica y Panama
Institute Nacional de Investigaciones Agrarias
Institute Nacional de Investigacion Agropecuaria
Institute national de la recherche agricole
Institute national de recherches agronomiques des Niger
Institute
International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of
Women
International Program for Agricultural Knowledge Systems (U. of Illinois,
Urbana-Champaign)
International Sorghum/Millet/Collaborative Research Support Program
International Sorghum/Millet
International Programs in Agriculture (Purdue University)
integrated pest management
International Rice Agro-Economic Network
Institute des recherches agronomiques tropicales et des cultures vivrieres
International Research Centers
Institute de recherche du coton et des textiles exotiques (Mali)
International Rice Research Institute
Investigation de Sistemas Agropecuarios
Institute for Agricultural Research (Rwanda)
International Service for National Agricultural Research
Institute S6engalais de Recherche Agricole Senegal Agricultural Research
Institute
Institute of Social Studies
International Union of Food Science & Technology (Goteborg, Sweden)
International Union of Nutritional Sciences (Zurich)
Khon Kaen University, Thailand
Khon Kaen University/Ford Cropping Systems Project
Kansas State University (Manhattan, Kansas)
Lesotho Agricultural Sector Analysis Project
Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Affairs (Barbados)
Monitoring and Assessment Research Centre
Malang Research Institute for Food Crops







MDP
MF
MIAC
MIDAS
MP
MSTT
MSU
n.d.
NADP
NARS
NERAD
NGA
NGO
NIEO
NOAA
NRDP
NSW/ACT
OAS
OAU/STRC
OAU
ODA
ODI
OECD
OLC
ORD
ORSTOM
PACO
PAR
PARC
PASITA

PC
PCARR
PCARRD

PCCMCA

PGRCE
PN
PR
PRC
PROTAAL


Molapo Development Project (Maun)
microfiche
MidAmerica International Agricultural Consortium
Managed Inputs and Delivery of Agricultural Services
miscellaneous papers
Modular System for Technology Transference
Michigan State University (East Lansing, Michigan)
no date of publication
Ngamiland and Agricultural Development Project (Gomare)
national agricultural research systems
Northeast Rainfed Agricultural Development Project (Thailand)
National Grains Authority (Quezon City, Philippines)
non-governmental organization
new international economic order
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
National Rural Development Project (Malawi)
New South Wales/Australian Capital Territory
Organization of American States
Organization of African Unity/Scientific Technical Research Commission
Organization of African Unity
Overseas Development Administration
Overseas Development Institute
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
Overseas Liaison Committee (American Council on Education)
Organisme regional de developpement
Office de la recherche scientifique et technique outre-mer
Project Agricole du Centre-Ouest (Ivory Coast)
planning-centered approach to research
Pakistan Agricultura Research Council
Program of Advanced Studies in Institution Building and Technical
Assistance Methodology
paper copy
Philippine Council for Agriculture and Resources Research
Philippine Council for Agriculture and Resource Research and
Development
Program Cooperativo Centroamericano para el Mejoramiento de Cultivos
Alimenticios
Plant Genetic Resource Center for Ethiopia
publication number
progress report
People's Republic of China
Proyecto Cooperativo de Investigacion sobre Tecnologia Agropecuaria en
America Latina








PSCPA

PTPA
RD
ROC
ROCAP
RPO
RRFH
RTN
s.l.
s.n.
S&T/AGR/AP
SACUC
SADCC
SADDC
SAFGRAD
SAREC
SAT
SEADAG
SEARCA

SIRDO
SOA
SR-CRSP
SSRC/SERP
STRC/OAU
SURIF

T&V
TARO
TES
TFNC
TIF
Trans.
U.
UN
UN/ESCAP
UNAZA
UNDP/FAO

UNESCO
UNU
US


Proyecto de Sistemas de Cultivo para Pequenos Agricultores y del Istmo
Centroamericano
Proyecto de Tecnologia para Pequenos Agricultores
reporting documents
Republic of China
Regional Office of Central American Programs
? (World Bank)/International Finance Corporation
regular research field hearings
Research and Training Network
no location of publisher/printer
no name of publisher/printer
Bureau for Science and Technology/Office of Agriculture/?
Swaziland Agricultural College and University Centre
Southern African Development Coordination Committee
Southern African Development Coordination Committee
Semi-Arid Food Grains Research and Development Program
Swedish Agency for Research Cooperation with Developing Countries
semi-arid tropics
Southeast Asian Development Advisory Group
Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in
Agriculture
Integrated System for Recycling Organic Wastes
School On-The-Air
Small Ruminant-Collaborative Research Support Program (Germany)
Social Science Research Centre/Socio-Economic Research Project
Scientific Technical Research Commission/Organization of African Unity
Sukamandi Research Institute for Food Crops (Subang, West Java,
Indonesia)
training and visit system
Tanzania Agricultural Research Organization
typical (Developing Country) extension systems
Tanzania Food and Nutrition Centre
Technological Improvement File
translation
University
United Nations
United Nations/Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
? (Zaire)
United Nations Development Programme/Food and Agriculture
Organization of the United Nations
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
United Nations University (Tokyo)
United States







USAID United States Agency for International Development
USDA United States Department of Agriculture
var. various (paging)
VITA Volunteers in Technical Assistance
VLS village level studies
VLS village level studies
vol., vols. volume, volumes
WA West Africa
WARDA West Africa Rice Development Association
WHO World Health Organization
WIADP Women in Agriculture (Development Project)
WIDRIC Women and International Development Research and Information Center
(U. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota)
Winrock Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development
WIP Winrock International publication
WIRFS Women in Rice Farming Systems
WP working papers
WSARP Western Sudan Agricultural Research Project










SUBJECT HEADINGS


I. FARMING SYSTEMS: DESCRIPTIVE (General and Inclusive) ..
A Cropping Patterns ..................................
1. Polyculture ..................................


2. Double or triple crops .................
3. Fallowing and cover cropping, tillage systems .
4. Crop rotations ......................
5. Shifting cultivation ...................
6. Plantations and agro-silviculture ..........
Animal Systems ......................
Mixed Systems (animals and plants) ...........
Aquaculture and Agriculture ................


1
1.A
1.A.1

1.A.3
1.A.4
1.A.5
1.A.6
1.B
1.C
1.D


II. PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
A. Physical Factors .................
1. Land, soils, and fertilizer ........
2. Agroclimatology ..............
3. Water and water management ....
B. Biological Factors ................
1. Crops ..................
2. Crop protection ..............
a. W eeds .................
b. Animal kingdom ..........
c. Fungi and bacteria .........
3. Animals ..................
a. Animal parasites ..........


Page
1
5
6

6
7
7
7
8
10
13


2
2.A
2.A1
2.A2
2.A.3
2.B
2.B.1
2.B.2
2.B.2.A
2.B.2.B
2.B.2.C
2.B.3
2.B.3.A


III. HUMAN ELEMENT: EXOGENOUS FACTORS ..................... 3
A. Social Organization and Community Structure ................ ..... 3.A
B. Physical Environment (built environment) ................. ...... 3.B
C. Community Norms and Beliefs ................................ 3.C
D. Population, Nutrition, and Health .............................. 3.D
E. External Institutions ....................................... 3.E
1. Infrastucture, support systems ............................. 3.E.1
a. Input ........................................... 3.E.1.A
aa. Input distribution ............................... 3.E.1.A.AA
bb. Extension ...................................... 3.E.1.A.BB
cc. Credit ....................................... 3.E.1.A.CC
b. Output .......................................... 3.E.1.B
aa. Marketing .................................... 3.E.1.B.AA
bb. Post harvest storage ............................. 3.E.1.B.BB
cc. Processing .................................... 3.E.1.B.CC
2. Policies and structural reform programs ...................... 3.E.2
F. Technological and Mechanical Factors ........................... 3.F
1. Mechanization (animal traction falls in Mixed Systems) ........... 3.F.1
2. Energy ...: ....................................... 3.F.2
3. Technology transfer .................................... 3.F.3
4. Appropriate Technology ................................. 3.F.4
5. Recommended technology ................................ 3.F.5


...o.o..oo..
............

............

............

............


. o
. . . .

. . . .


. . . .
...........
...........
...........

. . . .
...........
...........
...........
. . .. .








SUBJECT HEADINGS (cont.)
Page
IV. HUMAN ELEMENT: ENDOGENOUS FACTORS (Household) .......... 4 39
A. Goals and Risks .......................................... 4.A 40
B. Economic Inputs .......................................... 4.B 40
1. Land ........................................... 4.B.1 44
2. Labor management .................................... 4.B.2 44
3. Capital, finance ....................................... 4.B.3
C. Economic Output ............................... ............ 4.C 44
1. Incom e ........................................... 4.C.1
2. Food ........................................... 4.C.2 45

V. FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH METHODOLOGY ................. 5 45
A. Survey Techniques (descriptive and diagnostic methods) .............. 5.A 48
B. Design of Improved Technology ............................... 5.B 49
C. Testing ........................................... 5.C 50
D. FSR Methodology Extension and Transfer ........................ 5.D 51
E. Systems Analysis .......................................... 5.E 53

VI. INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS IN IMPLEMENTATION OF .............. 6 54
FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH








FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH BIBLIOGRAPHY:
1990 SUPPLEMENT

1 FARMING SYSTEMS: DESCRIPTIVE (GENERAL AND INCLUSIVE)

2668 ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY OF FARMING SYSTEMS STUDIES IN
TANZANIA. Minde, I. (1986)* s.l.: Tanzania Agricultural Research Organization
(TARO). (Tanzania Farming Systems Publications No.137; Contract AFR-0156-C-00-
3033-00) 52p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Tanzania, bibliographies ++

2669 BASELINE SURVEY FOR HANANG DISTRICT, TANZANIA: A DESCRIPTION
OF AGRO-ECOLOGICAL ZONES, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AND THE
IMPACT OF VILLAGIZATION. Kjarby, F. (1982)* Copenhagen: Centre for
Development Research. (CDR Project Papers, No.D.82.1, Jan. 1982) 47p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Tanzania, baseline data, surveys, agricultural production, villages,
agroecosystems TZ.1

2670 BENEFICIARY PROFILE OF HAUTE CHAOUIA MOROCCOO). Morton, A.
(1982) s.l.: s.n.. (Contract Number USAID/M-PSC-608-136-S-00-2006-00) 148p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Morocco, socioeconomic constraints, Rainfed Agriculture
Project, woman's status, small farms, medium sized farms, large farms, cereals, credit,
mechanization, FSR, cropping systems, social history, social organization, land
accumulation, land fragmentation, animal sharing, employment MA.1

2671 BURUNDI SMALL FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH PROJECT. [1982?]
[Washington: U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)]. (USAID Project
No.695-0106; includes USAID Inspector General Audit Report No.3-695-88-27, Sep.
23, 1988) 130p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Burundi, programs and projects, small farmers,
institutions, appropriate technology, nutrition, food crops, evaluation BI.1

2672 DIAGNOSTIC SURVEY OF MASWA AND MEATU DISTRICTS. (Phase 1:
Informal Survey) (1989)* Amsterdam: Royal Tropical Institute.
(Tanzania/Netherlands Farming Systems Research Project, Lake Zone; Working Paper
No.4, July 1989) 64p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Tanzania, surveys, problem identification,
environment, soils, population, livestock, land use, livestock, crops, crop husbandry,
marketing, socioeconomic conditions, zoning, cropping patterns TZ.1

2673 DIAGNOSTIC SURVEY OF BUKOBA DISTRICT. (1989)* Amsterdam: Royal
Tropical Institute. (Tanzania/Netherlands Farming Systems Research Project, Lake
Zone; Working Paper No.3, April 1989) 53p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Tanzania,
surveys, soils, population, livestock, land use, crops, marketing, socioeconomic
conditions, zoning, ecology, cropping patterns TZ.1







2674 EVALUATION, CHOICE AND USE OF POTATO VARIETIES IN KENYA.
Crissman, L.M. (1989) Lima: International Potato Center (CIP). (Social Science
Dept. Working Paper No. 1989-1) 44p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya,
potatoes, varieties, evaluation, food preferences, food crops, cash crops, food production
KE.1

2675 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH PROGRAM: INTRODUCTION. (1980)
Aleppo, Syria: International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas
(ICARDA). (Internal Document, Research Report No.2, Section 1 of 7) 15p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, Middle East, Syria, farming systems research, FSR, project design
SY.1

2676 FARMING SYSTEMS IMPROVEMENT PROJECT. (1986) [Kigali, Rwanda:
U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)]. (USAID Project No.696-0110-
C-00-5016-00; includes USAID Inspector General Audit Report No.3-696-89-05, Dec.
9, 1988) 79p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Rwanda, ISAR, programs and projects, small
farmers, institutions, appropriate technology, training; food crops, beans, tubers, sweet:
potatoes, yields, diseases, evaluation RW.1

2677 FARMING SYSTEMS SURVEY OF MANY DIVISION, SOUTH WEST
PROVINCE, REPUBLIC OF CAMEROON. Almy, S.W. [1989]* Buea, Cameroon:
S.W. Almy, Cameroon National Institute of Agricultural Research (IRA)-Ekona,
National Cereals Research and Extension Programme. 54p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
Cameroon, surveys, planning of research, baseline data, environment, resources,
cropping systems, tree cropping, maize, cassava, cocoyams, taro, plantains, bananas,
yams, groundnuts, melons, beans, potatoes, rice, households, land, labor, cash crops,
income, extension, livestock, markets, recommendations, farmers' attitudes CM.1

2678 FARMING SYSTEMS SURVEY OF NDIAN DIVISION, SOUTH WEST
PROVINCE, REPUBLIC OF CAMEROON. Almy, S.W. [1989]* Buea, Cameroon:
S.W. Almy, Cameroon National Institute of Agricultural Research (IRA)-Ekona,
National Cereals Research and Extension Programme. 50p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
Cameroon, surveys, planning of research, baseline data, environment, resources,
cropping systems, objectives, households, livestock, food crops, management, maize,
cassava, cocoyams, taro, plantains, bananas, yams, groundnuts, melons, markets, cash
crops, problem identification, income, labor, land, recommendations, farmers' attitudes
CM.1








2679 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AT THE NDFRS KATUMANI (With Special
Reference to Semi-Arid Areas of Eastern Province of Kenya) Bakhtri, M.N. (1983)
Machakos, Kenya: Ministry of Agriculture, Dryland Farming Research and
Development Project. (Project Field Document No.2; Farming Systems Economics
Research Program; Dryland Farming Research and Development Project
(UNDP/FAO/KEN/74/017)) 65p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, arid
regions, semiarid zones, surveys, land use, soils, maize, beans, pigeon peas, cowpeas,
sorghum, millets, labor productivity, animal production, cropping patterns, problem
identification, recommended technology, evaluation, innovation adoption KE.1

2680 FARMING SYSTEMS DATA AND ON-FARM TRIALS OF BEANS (PHASEOLUS
VULGARIS): MGETA AND KILOSA AREAS, TANZANIA, 1985. Due, J.M.
(1986) Morogoro, Tanzania: Sokoine Univ. of Agriculture, Dept. of Rural Economy,
and Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Dept. of Agricultural Economics.
(Technical Report No.5; Sponsored by USAID through a Title XII Bean CRSP
between Washington State Univ. and Sokoine Univ. of Agriculture) 97p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Tanzania, beans, phaseolus vulgaris, on-farm trials, economic
analysis, pests, diseases, seeds, soils, precipitation, households, cropping patterns, food
preferences TZ.1

2681 FARMING SYSTEM OF LOWLAND MACHAKOS DISTRICT, KENYA. (Report
on Farm Survey Results from Mwala Location) Rukandema, M. (1981) Machakos,
Kenya: Ministry of Agriculture, Dryland Farming Research and Development Project.
(Technical Report No.l; Farming Systems Economics Research Program;
UNDP/FAO/GK Dryland Farming Research and Development Project (KEN/74/017))
38p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, arid regions, semiarid zones, surveys,
land tenure, farm size, labor, resource use, cropping patterns, crop husbandry, livestock
management, food supply, food preferences, subsistence farming, income KE.1

2682 FARMING SYSTEMS OF SEMI-ARID LOWER EMBU, EASTERN KENYA.
Rukandema, M. (1983) Machakos, Kenya: Ministry of Agriculture, Dryland Farming
Research and Development Project. (Project Field Document No.4; Farming Systems
Economics Research Program; Dryland Farming Research and Development Project
(UNDP/FAO/KEN/74/017)) 35p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, arid
regions, semiarid zones, surveys, land tenure, farm size, labor, resource use, cropping
patterns, crop husbandry, livestock management, education, food crops, beans, pigeon
peas, cowpeas, sorghum, millets, animal production, mixed farming KE.1







2683 FARMING SYSTEMS OF SEMI-ARID SOUTHERN KITUI, EASTERN KENYA.
Rukandema, M. (1983) Machakos, Kenya: Ministry of Agriculture, Dryland Farming
Research and Development Project. (Project Field Document No.3; Farming Systems
Economics Research Program; Dryland Farming Research and Development Project
(UNDP/FAO/KEN/74/017)) 35p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, arid
regions, semiarid zones, surveys, land tenure, farm size, labor, resource use, cropping
patterns, crop husbandry, livestock management, education, food crops, beans, pigeon
peas, cowpeas, sorghum, cassava, millets, animal production, mixed farming KE.1

2684 INDEX TO LIVESTOCK LITERATURE MICROFICHED BY THE ILCA/IDRC
TEAM IN ZIMBABWE. Berhane, T. Compp.) (1986) Addis Ababa, Ethiopa:
International Livestock Centre for Africa (ILCA). (IDRC MP/RH 1542/83) 235p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Zimbabwe, ILCA, IDRC, indexes, bibliographies, livestock,
research centers, databases Z5074/.L7/I57/1986b

2685 INDEX TO LIVESTOCK LITERATURE MICROFICHED BY THE ILCA/IDRC
TEAM IN THE GAMBIA. Berhane, T. Compp.) (1987) Addis Ababa, Ethiopa:
International Livestock Centre for Africa (ILCA). (IDRC MP/GM 0230/86) 41p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Gambia, ILCA, IDRC, indexes, bibliographies, livestock,
research centers, databases ++

2686 INDEX TO LIVESTOCK LITERATURE MICROFICHED BY THE ILCA/IDRC
TEAM IN KENYA. Berhane, T. Compp.) (1988) Addis Ababa, Ethiopa:
International Livestock Centre for Africa (ILCA). (IDRC MP/KE 1794/84) p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Kenya, ILCA, IDRC, indexes, bibliographies, livestock, research
centers, databases ++

2687 PROMOTING SMALLHOLDER CROPPING SYSTEMS IN SIERRA LEONE: AN
ASSESSMENT OF TRADITIONAL CROPPING SYSTEMS AND
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE BO-PUJEHUN RURAL DEVELOPMENT
PROJECT. Engel, A.E. (1984) Berlin: Seminar fur Landwirtschaftliche
Entwicklung, Institut fur Socialakonomie der Agrarentwicklung, Technische Universitat
Berlin. (Schriftenreihe des Fachbereichs; Fachbereich Internationale Agrarentwicklung,
No.IV/86) 227p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sierra Leone, cropping systems, evaluation,
recommendations, rural development HD2146.5/.P76

2688 SURVEY OF THE SMALL SCALE FARMING SYSTEM IN MTUKANIO AREA,
NJORO DIVISION, NAKURU DISTRICT, KENYA. (Paper originally presented at
Conference on Farming Systems, Egerton University College, Njoro, Kenya, Aug. 19-
23, 1985) Egerton College. (1986) Njoro, Kenya: Egerton Univ. College. (Research
Paper Series No.5, May 1986) 20p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, crop
production, food crops, beans, tubers, vegetables, livestock, cropping patterns, mixed
farming KE.1








2689 TANZANIA FARMING SYSTEMS PROJECT: FINAL REPORT. Lev, L.S.
(1986) Corvallis, Ore.: Oregon State University, Office of International Agriculture.
(Contract No.AFR-0156-C-00-3033-00; Project Publication No.135; Dec. 1986) 16p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Tanzania, programs and projects, reports TZ.1

2690 VILLAGIZATION AND THE CRISIS: AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN
HANANG DISTRICT, NORTHERN TANZANIA. Kjarby, F. (1989)*
Copenhagen: Centre for Development Research. (CDR Project Papers, No.89.2, June
1989) 100p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Tanzania, intensive husbandry, demography, agro-
ecological zones, villages, history, tsetse fly, mechanization, land tenure, land use, price
policy, marketing, agricultural production, resource control, oxen TZ.1

1A CROPPING PATTERNS

2691 BARLEY, CORN, HARD WHEAT, AND SOFT WHEAT FIELD SIZES IN THE
ABDA REGION. Rafsnider, G. (1986) Lincoln, Nebr.: MidAmerica International
Agricultural Consortium. (MIAC Agric. Econ. Info. Rpt. No. 3) 3p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, Morocco, barley, maize, hard wheat, wheat, field sizes, enterprise budgets, data
MA.1.A

2692 BEANS IN THE FARMING SYSTEMS IN TWO REGIONS OF TANZANIA, 1980-
82. Due, J.M. (1985)* Morogoro, Tanzania: Sokoine Univ. of Agriculture, Dept.
of Rural Economy, and Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Dept. of Agricultural
Economics. (Technical Report No.4; Submitted to Dr. Matt Silbernagel, Principal
Investigator, Bean/Cowpea CRSP, Tanzania) 62p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Tanzania,
food crops, beans, economic analysis, credit, labor, seeds, yields, food consumption,
postharvest systems, income, nutrition TZ.1.A

2693 METHODOLOGIE DE RECHERCHE-DEVELOPPEMENT EN AGRICULTURE.
Trebuil, G. (1982) Songkla, Thailand: Universite Prince de Songkla. (Projet de
recherches sur les systems de production agricole) 19p. KEYWORDS: research
methodology, development theory, foundations, research development objectives, labor,
production systems, rotations, cultivation 1.A

2694 PRE-HARVEST BARLEY, HARD WHEAT, AND SOFT WHEAT PRODUCTION
PRACTICES USED BY FARMERS HIRING CUSTOM TRACTOR SERVICES.
Hamida, M. (1986) Lincoln, Nebr.: MidAmerica International Agricultural
Consortium. (MIAC Agric. Econ. Info. Rpt. No. 4) 5p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
Morocco, tractors, cereals, barley, maize, hard wheat, wheat, enterprise budgets, crop
production, pre-harvest operations, tillage, data MA.1.A







2695 PROGRAM RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT VEGETABLES IN
MAURITANIA. Hamidou, S. [1985?]* Kaedi, Mauritania: S. Hamidou;
CNRADA. 6p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Mauritania, truck farming, vegetables,
experimental stations, on-farm testing, intercropping, irrigated farming, seasonality,
marketing, seeds, problem identification, crop rotations, constraints MR.1.A

1.A.1 POLYCULTURE

2696 COMPETITION FOR RADIATION AND OTHER GROWTH RESOURCES IN
MULTIPLE CROPPING SYSTEMS. IN: Animal and Plant Sciences Francis, C.
(1988) (Vol.1 no.1 p.105-09) 5p. KEYWORDS: cropping systems, multiple
cropping, intercropping, polyculture, solar radiation, sustainability, plant competition,
resource utilization, nutrients, water use 1.A.1

2697 FARMING SYSTEMS ECONOMICS: FITTING RESEARCH TO FARMERS'
CONDITIONS. (Paper presented at the Second Symposium on Intercropping in Semi-
Arid Areas, University of Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania, August 1980) Gathee, J.W.
(1980)* Thika, Kenya: J.W. Gathee, Grain Legume Project, National Horticultural
Research Station. 10p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, semiarid zones,
intercropping, maize, beans, recommendations, economic analysis, socioeconomic
constraints KE.1.A.1

2698 INTERCROPPING IN TROPICAL SMALLHOLDER AGRICULTURE WITH
SPECIAL REFERENCE TO WEST AFRICA. (2nd ed.) Steiner, K.G. (1984)
Eschborn, W. Germany: Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit. (AID
Doc. No. 080-PN-AAT-797) 304p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, tropics,
intercropping, small farms, cropping systems, multiple cropping, agricultural production,
constraints, food production, cassava, plantains, yams, rice, sorghum, millets, maize,
environmental factors, polyculture, agronomy, yields, hybrids, soil fertility, fertilizers,
pest management, weed control, plant diseases, problem identification, planning of
research, land use, socioeconomic analysis, objectives, extension, methodology ++

1.A.3 FALLOWING AND COVER CROPPING. TILLAGE SYSTEMS

2699 EVALUATION OF PRELIMINARY FARMING SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGIES:
ZERO-TILLAGE SYSTEMS IN WEST AFRICA. IN: Agricultural Systems
Knipscheer, H.C. (1983) (Vol.11 p.95-103, 1983) 9p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West
Africa, appropriate technology, technology development, evaluation, legumes, leuceana,
maize, alley farming, minimum tillage systems S3/.A45








1.A.4 CROP ROTATIONS


2700 SUMMER CROPS IN SYRIA. IN: Studies of Farming Systems in Syria. 1977-79
Harvey, J. (1980) Norwich, England: ICARDA Farming Systems Research
Programme, Overseas Development Group, Univ. of East Anglia. (Complementary to
Vol.2, Farming Systems in Six Aleppo and Two Hama Villages) 36p. KEYWORDS:
Asia, Middle East, Syria, farming systems research, FSR, crop production, watermelon,
sesame, musk melon, agricultural zones, soil types SY.1.A.4

1A.5 SHIFTING CULTIVATION

2701 CROPPING SYSTEMS AND ROTATIONS DEVELOPMENT FOR IMPROVING
SHIFTING CULTIVATION AND RELATED INTERMITTENT PRODUCTION
SYSTEMS IN TROPICAL AFRICA. IN: FAO Soils Bulletin Okigbo, B.N. (1984)
(Vol.53 p.121-40, 1984) 20p. KEYWORDS: Africa, tropics, shifting cultivation,
cropping systems, rotations, traditional farming, alley farming AFRICA.1.A.5

1.A.6 PLANTATIONS AND AGRO-SILVICULTURE

2702 ALLEY SHRUBS IN A HIGH-ALTITUDE, SEMI-ARID ENVIRONMENT. IN:
IITA Research Briefs Balasubramanian, V. (1989) (Vol.9 no.l, p.3, Mar. 1989;
abstracted in Heifer Project Exchange, No.50 p.4, Sep./Oct. 1989) Ip. KEYWORDS:
Africa, Rwanda, semiarid zones, woody. plants, alley farming, shrubs, biomass,
byproducts, fuelwood, hedges, altitude, agroforestry RW.1.A.6

2703 OPPORTUNITIES AND CONSTRAINTS OF SMALL SCALE FARMS TO ADOPT
AGROFORESTRY METHODS IN THE WESTERN USAMBARAS OF TANZANIA.
IN: Der Tropenlandwirt, Zeitschrift fur die Landwirtschaft in den Tropen und
Subtropen Baum, E. (1984) (p.67-76, Apr. 1984) 10p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
Tanzania, small farms, agroforestry, erosion, soil conservation, constraints, land use,
livestock farming "TZ.1.A.6

2704 PROMOTING THE "FERTILIZER BUSH" AMONG NIGERIAN FARMERS. IN:
VITA News Cashman, K. (1988) (p.7-10, July/Oct. 1988; to locate at KSU see
Johnson, "Skits, Extension Agents...") 4p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Nigeria, alley
farming, participation, agroforestry, fertilization, soil fertility, cropping systems
CF.3.E.1.B.AA







2705 PROMOTION OF TREE PLANTING ON SMALL FARMS IN THE AREA OF
ACOSTA-PURISCAL, COSTA RICA. (Prepared for the planning workshop "Planting
Trees With Small Farmers," organized by the Pan American Development Foundation
(PADF), Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Aug. 1985) Beer, J. (1985)* Turrialba, Costa Rica:
J. Beer, Centro Agron6mico Tropical de Investigaci6n y Ensefianza (CATIE). 9p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Costa Rica, agroforestry, fruit trees,
tree cropping, constraints, timber production, afforestation, demonstrations, objectives
CR.1.A.6

2706 ROLE OF FORESTRY IN DRY AFRICA. IN: Journal of Forestry Harou, P.A.
(1985) (p.142-47, Mar. 1985) 6p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sahel, Sudan, arid regions,
forestry, deforestation AFRICA.1.A.6

2707 USE OF ETHNOECOLOGY IN AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS RESEARCH: AN
EXAMPLE OF AF TECHNOLOGY AND PEST MANAGEMENT RESEARCH IN
KENYA. (Paper presented at the Farming Systems Research and Extension
Symposium, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas, Oct. 18-21, 1987
Rocheleau, D. (1987)* [Nairobi: D. Rocheleau, International Center for Research
in Agroforestry (ICRAF)]. 50p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya,
agroforestry, case studies, appropriate technology, pest management, indigenous
knowledge systems, ethnic groups, land use, traditional farming, ecology, cultural
ecology, anthropology KE.1.A.6

1.B ANIMAL SYSTEMS

2708 ADAPTATIONS OF FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH TO THE STUDY OF
PASTORAL PRODUCTION SYSTEMS: THE NIGER RANGE AND LIVESTOCK
PROJECT. IN: Social Sciences and Farming Systems Research: Methodological
Perspectives on Agricultural Development. J.R. Jones and B.S. Wallace, eds. Curry,
J.J., Jr. (1986) Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press. (Westview Special Studies in
Agriculture Science and Policy; p.195-220) 26p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa,
Niger, livestock production, animal husbandry, pastoralism S494.5/.S95/S6/1986

2709 CHARACTERISATION OF KENANA CATTLE AT UM BANEIN, SUDAN.
Saeed, A.M. (1987) Addis Ababa, Ethiopa: International Livestock Centre for Africa
(ILCA). (ILCA Research Report No. 16, May 1987) 46p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
Sudan, ILCA, livestock, cattle, Kenana cattle, reproduction, growth, lactation, milk,
mortality, cattle management ++








2710 FARMING SYSTEMS IN SIX ALEPPO AND TWO HAMA VILLAGES. IN:
Studies of Farming Systems in Syria, 1977-79 Harvey, J. (1980) Norwich, England:
ICARDA Farming Systems Research Programme, Overseas Development Group, Univ.
of East Anglia. (Vol.2; originally produced as an ICARDA Internal Document:
Research Report No. 2, Sections 3 and 4; see also: Harvey, J., "Post-harvest Processing
of Winter Crops in NW Syria") 346p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Middle East, Syria,
farming systems research, FSR, comparative analysis, crop production, agricultural
productivity, agricultural planning, rotations, commodity system analysis, labor, livestock,
sheep, cash flow analysis, wheat, barley, lentils, vetch ++

2711 GETTING MARKETING INTO FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH: A CASE
STUDY FROM WESTERN SUDAN. IN: Social Sciences and Farming Systems
Research: Methodological Perspectives on Agricultural Development. J.R. Jones and
B.S. Wallace, eds. Reeves, E.B. (1986) Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press. (Westview
Special Studies in Agriculture Science and Policy; p.99-121) 23p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, Sudan, methodology, agricultural economics, marketing, technology analysis,
target selection, economic analysis, recommendation domains, market prices, surveys,
prices, evaluation, anthropology S494.5/.S95/S6/1986

2712 INDEX DES DOCUMENTS MICROFICHES PAR L'EQUIPE CIPEA/CRDI AU
NIGER. Gasana, O.N. Compp.) (1987) Addis Ababa: Centre International Pour
l'9levage en Afrique. 149p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Niger, livestock, bibliographies,
animal husbandry Z5074/.L7/G36/1987

2713 LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION IN ABDA MOROCCOO). Primov, G. (1987) Settat,
Morocco: Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique. (Morocco Dryland
Agriculture Applied Research Program under USAID Project No. 608-0136, INRA-
MIAC, Programmed Aridoculture) 12p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Morocco, livestock
production, surveys, cattle, sheep, small ruminants, livestock diet, livestock health,
livestock, production constraints, crops MA.1.B

2714 MARGINAL AND STEPPE LIVESTOCK FARMING SYSTEMS IN ALEPPO
PROVINCE. IN: Studies of Farming Systems in Syria. 1977-79. Martin, A. (1980)
Norwich, England: ICARDA Farming Systems Research Programme, Overseas
Development Group, Univ. of East Anglia: (Vol.3; originally produced as an ICARDA
Internal Document: Research Report No. 2, Section 6). 66p. KEYWORDS: Asia,
Middle East, Syria, farming systems research, FSR, livestock, sheep, crop production,
cropping patterns, agricultural productivity, livestock feeding, metabolizable energy,
feeding habits ++







2715 PRODUCTION RATIONALES: THE COMMERCIALIZATION OF SUBSISTENCE
PASTORALISM. Behnke, R.H. [1983?]* s.l.: s.n.. 33p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
East Africa, Libya, Somalia, Botswana, Finland, pastoralism, commercial farming,
subsistence farming, livestock, history, labor, ranching, changes, land tenure, animal
husbandry, demography, reindeer, sheep, goats, camels, cattle, productivity, economic
analysis, range management, domestication, herd size, progranis and projects 1.B

2716 UNDERSTANDING EAST AFRICAN PASTORALISM: AN ECOSYSTEMS
APPROACH. IN: The Keeping of Animals: Adaption and Social Relations in
Livestock Producing Communities. R. Berleant-Schiller and E. Shanklin, ed. Dyson-
Hudson, R. (1983) Totowa, N.J.: Allenheld Osmun and Co.. (p.1-36) 36p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, pastoralism, agroecosystems, livestock
HT421/.K43/1983

2717 WORKSHOP ON DEVELOPMENT AND AFRICAN PASTORAL LIVESTOCK
PRODUCTION. Little, P.D. (1982) Binghamton, N.Y.: Institute for Development
Anthropology. (Submitted to USAID; Contract: No.AFR-0085-C-00-1033 19p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, livestock production, pastoralism, institutions, policy, research,
institution building, farmers' associations, programs and projects, land tenure
AFRICA.1.B

1.C MIXED SYSTEMS

2718 ANIMAL TRACTION IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA. IN: ILCA Bulletin (1981)
(No.14 p.2-17, Dec. 1981) 16p. KEYWORDS: Africa, animal traction, draught
animals, environmental factors, constraints, feed requirements, socioeconomic
constraints, productivity SF15/.A25/Ill

2719 ANIMAL TRACTION IN AFRICA. Munzinger, P., Compp.) (1982) Eschborn,
Germany: German Agency for Technical Cooperation. (Translated by H. Burgess)
490p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Cameroon, Mali, Madagascar, Ghana, animal traction,
animal husbandry, harnesses, oxen SF180/.H3613/1982

2720 COWPEAS: THE PERFECT LISA CROP FOR LAMBS. IN: Sheep! Magazine
Swartz, H. (1990) (p.29, June 1990) Ip. KEYWORDS: sustainability, cowpeas,
legumes, feed crops, sheep 1.C

2721 DRAUGHT POWER AND SMALLHOLDER GRAIN PRODUCTION IN THE
ETHIOPIAN HIGHLANDS. IN: ILCA Newsletter Gryseels, G. (1986) (Vol.5 no.4
p.5-7, Oct. 1986)' 3p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Ethiopia, ILCA, small farms, draught
animals, animal traction, crop production, cereals, oxen, surveys ET.1.C








2722 DRAUGHT ANIMAL MANAGEMENT FOR EARLY PLOUGHING. IN: Draught
Animal News Koch, B. (1986) (No.5 p.16-19, 1986) 4p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
Botswana, ATIP, draught animals, mixed farming, feeding SF180/.D72

2723 ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE ROLE OF OX-PLOWING AND CATTLE-
FEEDING IN THE STRATIFICATION OF WEST AFRICAN LIVESTOCK
PRODUCTION. (M.S. Thesis, University of Maryland) Sleeper, J.A. (1979) Ann
Arbor, Mich.: Univ. of Michigan, Center for Research on Economic Development.
(Livestock Production and Marketing in the Entente States of West Africa; Working
Paper No.4; USAID Contract No.AID/afr-c-1169) 160p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West
Africa, Sahel, Sudan, oxen, cattle, plowing, livestock production, stratification, economic
analysis, grazing, crop production, fodder crops, pastures, animal traction, mixed
farming, conservation, feeding, forestry, desertification, meat, yields, animal manures,
intensive husbandry, small farms, technology transfers, income, problem identification,
constraints, innovation adoption, integrated systems, appropriate technology, climatic
factors AFRICA.1.C

2724 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND EXTENSION: INTRODUCING OXEN
CULTIVATION IN ZAIRIAN FARMING SYSTEMS. (M.S. Thesis) Lianabo, S.
(1986) Athens, Ga.: S. Lianabo, Univ. of Georgia. 119p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
Central Africa, Zaire, temperate zones, oxen, draught animals, animal power, mixed
farming, budget analysis, risk analysis, agricultural economics, technology transfers
S473/.Z28/L53/1986a

2725 IMPROVED INTEGRATION OF LEGUME CROPS INTO THE AGRO-PASTORAL
SYSTEM OF THE NUBA MOUNTAINS, SUDAN. (Paper submitted to the Fifth
Annual Farming Systems Research and Extension Symposium, Kansas State University,
Manhattan, Kansas, Oct. 13-16, 1985) Bunderson, W.T. (1985)* [Khartoum, Sudan?:
W.T. Bunderson, Western Sudan Agricultural Research Project (WSARP) &
Agricultural Research Corporation]. 27p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sudan, semiarid
zones, mixed farming, legumes, diet, cash crops, constraints, cropping systems,
intercropping, animal husbandry, food shortages, land use, planning of research,
economic analysis, livestock, on-farm trials, forage, animal production, problem
identification SD.1.C

2726 LIVESTOCK ECONOMY IN EGYPT: AN APPRAISAL OF THE CURRENT
SITUATION. Fitch, J. (1981) Davis, Calif.: Agricultural Development Systems:
Egypt Project, Univ. of California. (Economics Working Paper Series, no.29) 41p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Egypt, livestock production, livestock planning, irrigated farming,
mechanization, feedstuffs, policy, livestock sector, data evaluation, tenure systems,
production trends, technological improvements EG.1.C







2727 LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION IN CENTRAL MALI: THE 'MOUTON DE CASE'
SYSTEM OF SMALLHOLDER SHEEP FATTENING. IN: Agricultural Systems
Kolff, H.E. (1985) (Vol.16 p.217-230, 1985; USAID Doc. No. PN-AAT-644) 14p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Mali, semiarid zones, livestock, sheep, animal
husbandry, feeding, diet, animal protein, value systems, rice, millets, mixed farming,
socioeconomic status, constraints S3/.A45

2728 MARKET FORCES AND LIVESTOCK DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA: PART II:
INTENSIVE PRODUCTION. (Draft) (1982)* Ann Arbor, Mich.: Univ. of
Michigan, Center for Research on Economic Development. 29p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, West Africa, Sahel, intensive production, objectives, rangeland, income, livestock,
meat, feedlots, migration, exports, animal traction, feeding, cattle, small ruminants,
seasonality, animal manures, oxen, feed supply, problem identification, programs and
projects, marketing, stratification AFRICA.1.C

2729 NOTE ON SELECTED EFFECTS OF ALTERNATIVE TECHNOLOGIES ON
FARMING IN THE SALOUM AREA OF SENEGAL (Paper presented for
Workshop on Sahelian Agriculture, West Lafayette, Ind., Purdue University,
Department of Agricultural Economics, May 1980) Versel, M. (1980)* s.l.: M.
Versel. 9p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Senegal, Sahel, USAID, groundnuts, millets,
animal traction, alternative technology, planting methods, intensive farming, traditional
farming, fertilizers SN.1.C

2730 ROLE FOR SMALL RUMINANTS IN SUSTAINABLE CROPPING SYSTEMS IN
THE HUMID ZONE OF WEST AFRICA. (Paper prepared for the Conference on
Land Clearing and Development in the Tropics, International Institute for Tropical
Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria, Nov. 23-26, 1982) Sumberg, J.E. .(1982)* Ibadan,
Nigeria: J.E. Sumberg, Small Ruminant Programme, International Livestock Centre
for Africa (ILCA). lip. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, humid zones,
ruminants, small ruminants, cropping systems, sustainability, alley farming, crop
production, animal production, livestock feeding, grazing, sheep, goats, mixed farming
NG.1.C

2731 SUMMARY REPORT OF A TOGO NETWORKSHOP: ANIMAL TRACTION IN
A FARMING SYSTEMS PERSPECTIVE. (FSSP Networkshop, Lama-Kara, Togo,
Mar. 4-8, 1985) Poats, S. (1985) Gainesville, Fla.: S. Poats, Univ. of Florida, Institute
of Food and Agricultural Sciences. 18p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, FSSP,
animal traction, technology transfers, mixed farming, appropriate technology, programs
and projects, diffusion of information, baseline data, surveys, solution design, training,
planning of research, cattle, animal feeding, innovation adoption, methodology, tillage,
livestock, soil fertility, evaluation, weeding, extension, on-farm testing AFRICA.1.C








1.D AQUACULTURE AND AGRICULTURE


2732 ECONOMICS OF TILAPIA CULTURE IN KASAI OCCIDENTAL, ZAIRE. Low,
J.W. (1985) Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University, Department of Agricultural Economics.
(Cornell International Agriculture Mimeograph 109) 43p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
Zaire, fish culture, fish farming, USAID, economic analysis, food production, tilapia,.
aquaculture, households, income, extension, protein, labor, feeding, waste utilization,
appropriate technology, innovation adoption, programs and projects ZR.1.D

2 PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL FACTORS

2733 AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS. Winrock International.
(1987) Morillton, Ark.: Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development.
(pamphlet; Statistical Comparisons of 138 Developing Countries) 12p. KEYWORDS:
agricultural development, statistics 2

2734 ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT, 1986-87. (1987?) Institut National de la
Recherche Agronomique: Settat, Morocco. (Aridoculture program, INRA-MIAC,
USAID project no. 608-0136) 77p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Morocco, farm size,
tractors, cereals, legumes, operating costs, crop production, agricultural economics,
cereal breeding, semiarid zones, arid regions, resistance genes, plant pathology,
sociology, methodology ++

2735 ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT, 1985-86. [1986?] Institut National de la
Recherche Agronomique: Settat, Morocco. (Aridoculture program, INRA-MIAC,
USAID project no. 608-0136) 320p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Morocco,
dry farming, insect pests, Hessian fly, wheat, cereals, plant diseases, fertilizers, water
management, weed control, tillage systems, mechanization, forage crops, range
management, legumes, crop production, livestock production, agricultural economics,
plant breeding, semiarid zones, arid regions, resistance genes, plant pathology ++

2736 BACK TO EDEN. IN: The Atlantic Eisenberg, E. (1989) (p.57-89, Nov. 1989)
20p. KEYWORDS: USA, Kansas, sustainability, alternative farming, prairies, prairies-
-native, prairies--domestic, grasses, Land Institute, environment, plant genetics, genetic
diversity, feral varieties, no-tillage systems, soil management, cultivation AP2/.A8

2737 CIAT AND SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION. IN: CIAT
International (1989) (Vol.8 no.1 p.3-5, July 1989) 3p. KEYWORDS: sustainability,
agroecosystems, pastures, savanna, beans 2







2738 DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS FOR THE SMALL FARMER: LESSONS FROM
EASTERN AND CENTRAL AFRICA IN ADAPTING CONSERVATION. IN: Soil
Erosion and Conservation. S.A. El-Swaify, W.C. Moldenhauer, and A. Lo, eds.
Stocking, M. (1985) Ankeny, Iowa: Soil Conservation Society of America. (p.747-
58) 12p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Central Africa, Zambia, Tanzania,
programs and projects, small farmers, environmental factors, soil erosion, soil
conservation, cattle, intercropping, polyculture S622.2/.S65/1985

2739 DRYLAND FARMING APPLIED RESEARCH PROJECT.. (1986) s.l.: Institute
national de la recherche agricole (INRA) & MidAmerica International Agricultural
Consortium (MIAC). (Scientific Review Panel Report, USAID Project No.608-0136
41p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Morocco, arid regions, dry farming, problem
identification, technology analysis, agronomy, cereal agronomy, soil fertility, weed
science, entomology, plant pathology, forage agronomy, food legumes, cereal breeding,
agricultural engineering, socioeconomic conditions MA.2

2740 DRYLAND FARMING APPLIED: RESEARCH PROJECT. (1988) Settat,
Morocco: Institut National de la Recherche Agricole (INRA) Centre Regional de la
Recherche Agronomique & MidAmerica International Agricultural Consortium (MIAC).
(Scientific Review Panel Report, USAID Project No.608-0136 41p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, North Africa, Morocco, arid regions, dry farming, problem identification,
technology analysis, plant pathology, cereal breeding, agricultural economics,
socioeconomic conditions MA.2

2741 DRYLAND FARMING APPLIED RESEARCH PROJECT: INTEGRATED PLAN
OF WORK. (Projet Aridoculture) [1986?]* [Settat, Morocco: MidAmerica
International Agricultural Consortium]. (An INRA-MIAC project; USAID Project No.
608-0136 307p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Morocco, dry farming, project
design, work plans, cereal breeding, food legumes, forage agronomy, soil fertility, soil
management, entomology, training, institution building, technology transfers ++

2742 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH PROGRAM: BACKGROUND TO STUDIES
IN ALEPPO PROVINCE. (1980) Aleppo, Syria: International Center for
Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA). (Internal Document, Research
Report No.2, Section 2 of 7) 36p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Middle East, Syria, farming
systems research, FSR, environment, agroclimatology SY.2

2743 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH PROGRAM: REVIEW, DISCUSSION AND
RECOMMENDATION. (1980) Aleppo, Syria: International Center for
Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA). (Internal Document, Research
Report No.2, Section 7 of 7) 28p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Middle East, Syria, FSR,
environment, natural resources, farm inputs, agricultural productivity SY.2








2744 INDEX OF SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE PERIODICALS. IN: International
Ag-Sieve (1989) (Vol.2 no.3 p.1-7, 1989) 7p. KEYWORDS: indexes, periodicals,
sustainability, organic farming 2

2745 KENYA: DRYLANDS CROPPING SYSTEMS RESEARCH PROJECT. (1979)*
Washington: U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). (Project Paper;
USAID Project No.615-0180) 125p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya,
semiarid zones, programs and projects, project proposals, appropriate technology,
recommendations, technology transfers, cropping systems KE.2

2746 OAU/STRC JOINT PROJECT 31: IITA/SAFGRAD FINAL REPORT, PHASE 1.
Rodriguez, M. (1986) Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso: International Institute of
Tropical Agriculture (IITA). (USAID Doc. No.PD-AAU-169; Funded by USAID and
IDRC) 42p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Sudan,
semiarid tropics, savanna, maize, cowpeas, drought resistance, disease resistance, variety
trials, varieties, soil fertility, fertilizers, crop rotations, tillage, crop residues, tie ridging,
ditches, scarification, planting, animal traction, pest control, pest resistance, germplasm,
soil management, water management, plant breeding, programs and projects, training,
constraints, problem identification AFRICA.2

2747 PAPEL DE LAS LEiOSAS PERENNES EN LOS SISTEMAS
AGROSILVOPASTORILES. Torres, F. (1985)* Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro
Agron6mico Tropical de Investigaci6n y Enseiianza (CATIE). (Originally published in
Agroforestry Systems and titled: "Role of Woody Perennials in Animal Husbandry;"
Vol.1 p.131-63, 1982) 46p. KEYWORDS: agroforestry, woody plants, animal
husbandry, fuelwood, fodder crops, perennials, mixed farming, soil conservation, water
conservation 2

2748 POTENTIAL FOR REGENERATIVE AGRICULTURE IN THE DEVELOPING
WORLD. IN: American Journal of Alternative Agriculture Francis, C.A. (1986)
(Vol.1 no.2 p.65-74, Spring 1986) 10p. KEYWORDS: sustainability, alternative
farming, food production, inputs, nitrogen, nutrients, diseases, weeds, yields, organic
farming, pest control, integrated pest management S605.5/.A475

2749 SAHELIAN/SUDANIAN ZONES OF AFRICA: PROFILE OF A FRAGILE
ENVIRONMENT. Thomas, G.W. (1981) Las Cruces, N.M.: New Mexico State
Univ., Center for International Programs. (New Mexico State Univ. International
Publications Series Technical Information Publication 0001-81; Report to the
Rockefeller Foundation) 139p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sahel, Sudanian zone,
environment, natural resources, demography, food production, infrastructure,
development organizations, desertification, land use, education, training, technology
transfers ++







2750 SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION. IN: International Agriculture
Update York, E.T. (1989) (Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Vol.4 no.4 p.1-
4, 1989) 4p. KEYWORDS: sustainability, environment, policy, agricultural production
2

2.A.1 LAND, SOILS, AND FERTILIZER

2751 ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE OF EIGHT FERTILIZER COMBINATIONS FOR
GRAIN AND STRAW PRODUCTION DURING THE 1984-85 CROP YEAR.
Rafsnider, G.T. (1986)* [Settat, Morocco?: G.T. Rafsnider, MIAC Agricultural
Economist]. (MIAC Agric. Econ. Info Rpt. No. 2) 4p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North
Africa, Morocco, fertilizers, economic performance, cereals, straw MA.2.A.1

2752 FERTILIZER ALLOCATION, DISTRIBUTION, AND USE IN EGYPT. Lynch,
J. (1980) 55p. KEYWORDS: North Africa, Egypt, fertilizers, policy, allocation,
chemical fertilizers, precipitation, arable land, crops, nitrogen production, credit, price
policy, black market, soils EG.2.A.1

2753 FOOD CROP FERTILIZATION AND SOIL FERTILITY: THE IRAT
EXPERIENCE. IN: Appropriate Technologies for Farmers in Semi-Arid West Africa.
H.W. Ohm and J.G. Nagy, eds. Pieri, C. (1985) West Lafayette, Ind.: Purdue
University. (p.74-109) 36p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, semiarid zones,
IRAT, fertilization, soil fertility, food crops, yields, crop residues, nitrogen. fixation,
leguminosae ++

2754 KENYANS SHORE UP HOPES AND TOPSOIL WITH TERRACES. IN:
Christian Science Monitor Press, R.M. (1988) (p.11, May 9, 1988) Ip.
KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, semiarid zones, erosion, soil conservation,
terracing, terrace farming KE.2.A.1

2.A.2 AGROCLIMATOLOGY

2755 AGROCLIMATOLOGY OF WEST AFRICA: BURKINA FASO. Sivakumar,
M.V.K. (1987) Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India: International Crops Research
Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics. (Information Bulletin no.23) 192p. KEYWORDS:
West Africa, Burkina Faso, agroclimatology, physiology, soils, vegetation, animal
husbandry, climate, data, precipitation, temperature, evapotranspiration, water balance,
growing season, probability analysis ++








2756 CASE STUDY OF A SUCCESSFUL SOIL MANAGEMENT RESEARCH AND
EXTENSION PROJECT MOUNTED WITHIN THE SEMI-DECIDUOUS
RAINFOREST ZONE OF GHANA. Obeng, H.B. [198?] Ames, Iowa: H.B.
Obeng, Visiting Scientist, Dept. of Agronomy, Iowa State Univ.. 55p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, West Africa, Ghana, soils, soil management, agroforestry, case studies, programs
and projects, rainforests GH.2.A.2

2757 DEPENDABLE PRECIPITATION AND POTENTIAL YIELDS FOR SENEGAL:
A PRACTICAL GUIDE FOR RAINFED AGRICULTURE. Hargreaves, G. (1982)
Washington: U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). (USAID Doc. no.
PN-AAL-110) 34p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Senegal, USAID, rain-fed farming,
precipitation, growth factors, climate, climatic factors, crop research, crop production,
cropping systems, methodology, yields, surveys--long term SN.2.A.2

2758 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH PROGRAM: PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT
AND CROP PRODUCTION. (1980) Aleppo, Syria: International Center for
Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA). (Internal Document, Research
Report No.2, Section 5 of 7) 106p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Middle East, Syria, farming
systems research, FSR, crop production, natural resources, agricultural productivity,
agroclimatology SY.2.A.2

2759 WHY THE POOR SUFFER MOST: DROUGHT AND THE SAHEL. Twose, N.
(1984) Oxford: Oxfam Publications Dept., 274 Banbury Rd., Oxford OX2 7DZ.
(Behind the Weather Series) 20p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Sahel, drought,
famine, weather, climate, food production AFRICA.2.A.2

2.A.3 WATER AND WATER MANAGEMENT

2760 EVALUATION INTERIM DE DEUX PROJECTS DE LA PRODUCTION
AGRICOLE AU SENEGAL: L'ANALYSE ECONOMIQUE DE CULTURE
IRRIGUEE ET SUR TERRAIN SEC. Franzel, S. 1979 East Lansing, Mich.:
Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural Economics. (African Rural
Employment/Economy Working Paper No. 28) 66p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Senegal,
arid regions, evaluation, agricultural production, economic analysis, irrigation, rain-fed
farming, dry farming HD2144.5/.F72/1979

2.B BIOLOGICAL FACTORS

2761 CONSERVING THE WILD RELATIVES OF CROPS. Hoyt, E. (1988) Rome:
Food and Agriculture Organization of the U.N. (FAO), International Board for Plant
Genetic Resources. 45p. KEYWORDS: genetic resources, genetic diversity,
varieties, gene banks, conservation, plant genetics, food crops, feral varieties, wild plants
2.B







2762 DESIGN OF A MILLET PRODUCTION/ INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT
PILOT PROGRAMME FOR THE GAMBIA. (Report of a workshop held in Banjul,
Gambia, April 11-20, 1984) (1984)* s.l.: s.n.. (Report to the Food and Agriculture
Organization of the U.N. (FAO)) 48p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Gambia, programs and
projects, pilot projects, project design, FAO, millets, pest control, integrated pest
management, surveys, planning of research, problem identification, baseline data,
insects, weed control, crop production, seeds, fertilizers, technology transfers GM.2.B

2763 GLIRICIDIA SEPIUM (JACQ.), STEUD: A SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY.
Sumberg, J.E. (1986) Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: International Livestock Centre for
Africa. 12p. KEYWORDS: bibliographies, leguminosae, gliricidia sepium,
agroforestry, green manure, fuelwood, fodder crops, alley farming 2.B

2764 ROLE OF FODDER TREES IN LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION. IN: Asian Livestock
Samuel, C. (1990) (Vol.15 no.1 p.1-9, Jan. 1990) 9p. KEYWORDS: agroforestry,
fodder crops, livestock feeding 2.B

2765 WATER CAUSED DESERT, DESERT EVERYWHERE. IN: Christian Science
Monitor (1988) (May 19, 1988) lp. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya,
water, desertification, deforestation, nomadism, environmental degradation KE.2.B

2.B.1 CROPS

2766 AMARANTH: WILD GREENS AND ANCIENT GRAIN. IN: New Mexico
Magazine Seidel, M. (1983) (p.65-6, Dec. 1983; to locate at KSU see Masson, "Old-
Time Honest...") 2p. KEYWORDS: cereals, food crops, amaranth, amaranthus
hypochondriacus, amaranthus retroflexus, feral varieties, varieties 2.B.1

2767 ANCIENT SEEDS AGAINST MODERN HUNGER. IN: Santa Fe Reporter
Basquin, S. (1985) (Living Section p.1, May 8, 1985; to locate at KSU see Masson,
"Old-Time Honest...") 2p. KEYWORDS: cereals, seeds, vegetables, varieties, maize,
amaranth, drought resistance 2.B.1

2768 ANCIENT, NUTRITIOUS GRAIN REDISCOVERED BY SCIENTISTS. IN: The
New Mexican Brody, J.E. (1984) (p.C-8, Oct. 24, 1984; to locate at KSU see
Masson, "Old-Time Honest...") Ip. KEYWORDS: amaranth, cereals, nutrition,
varieties, heat resistance, vegetables 2.B.1








2769 COLLOQUIUM ON GENETICS AND BREEDING OF SMALL GRAINS FOR
SEMI-ARID CONDITIONS OF THE NORTH AMERICAN GREAT PLAINS AND
MOROCCO. (Proceedings of a Colloquium held at the University of Nebraska,
Lincoln, Nebraska, July 11-12, 1985) Bigbee, D.E. Sr. (ed.) (1985) Lincoln, Neb.:
Univ. of Nebraska, MidAmerica International Agricultural Consortium (MIAC).
(Sponsored by MAROC/INRA/MIAC Dryland Farming Research Project and
UNL/IANR International Programs Division) 78p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Morocco,
North America, Great Plains, semiarid zones, cereals, food grains, plant breeding,
genetics, disease resistance, pest resistance, nutritional value, wheat, barley MA.2.B.1

2770 CROP IMPROVEMENT IN DEVELOPING NATIONS. IN: Seed World
Underwood, W. (1984) (p.38-9, June 1984; to locate at KSU see Masson, "Old-
Time Honest...") 2p. KEYWORDS: crops, improved varieties 2.B.1

2771 DEVELOPING COWPEA VARIETIES WITH IMPROVED YIELD UNDER
CONDITIONS OF EXTREME DROUGHT AND HEAT. IN: Research Highlights:
Michigan State University. Bean/Cowpea CRSP Ghaderi, A. (ed.) (1984) (Vol.1
no.1 p.1-4, 1984) 4p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sahel, Senegal, semiarid zones, cowpeas,
drought, ISRA, cultivars, rain-fed farming, heat resistance, variety trials, performance
testing, high yielding varieties, drought resistance SN.2.B.1

2772 EVALUATION DU POIS-CHICHE D'HIVER PAR DES AGRICULTEURS DE LA
CHAOUIA (1986-1987). Herzenni, A. (?) (s.l.): (s.n.). 13p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, Morocco, chickpeas--winter, food preparation, fertilization, mechanization, soils,
yields, chickpea variation, grain calibre, commercialization MA.2.B.1

2773 FARMER MANAGEMENT OF VARIETAL BEAN MIXTURES IN CENTRAL
AFRICA: IMPLICATIONS FOR A TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY.
Voss, J. [1988?]* Cali, Colombia: J. Voss, Centro Internacional de Agricultura
Tropical (CIAT). 26p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Central Africa, beans, seed mixtures,
yields, food supply, farmers' attitudes, experiment stations, plant diseases, varieties, seed
selection, women in agriculture, marketing, disease resistance, consumer preferences,
phaseolus vulgaris, prices, genetic variation AFRICA.2.B.1

2774 HIGH-YIELD CORN FROM ANCIENT SEED STRAINS. IN: Christian Science
Monitor Stea, V. (1985) (p.29, Aug. 20, 1985; to locate at KSU see Masson, "Old-
Time Honest...") 2p. KEYWORDS: cereals, maize, varieties, seeds, drought resistance
2.B.1

2775 HOW DOMESTICATED PLANTS CAME TO THE PREHISTORIC SOUTHWEST.
IN: El Palacio Tierney, G.D. [1983?] (Vol.? no.? p.11-17, 1983?; to locate at KSU
see Masson, "Old-Time Honest...") 7p. KEYWORDS: cereals, legumes, varieties,
seeds, maize, beans 2.B.1








2776 KSU/INTSORMIL SORGHUM/MILLET AGRONOMIC RESEARCH IN NORTH
KORDOFAN, SUDAN, AFRICA. Berhe, T. (1985) Lincoln, Neb.: University of
Nebraska, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources and International
Sorghum/Millet Collaborative Research Support Program (INTSORMIL/CRSP).
(Progress Report No. 7; Annual Report 1985; USAID Contract No. DSAN/XII-G-
0149) 35p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sudan, INTSORMIL, USAID, sorghum, millets,
fertilizers, on-farm trials, dry farming, intercropping, seeds, sowing, legumes, germplasm,
experiment stations, evaluation, recommendations, yields, technology transfers,
genotypes, drought resistance SD.2.B.1

2777 NEW DIMENSIONS FOR FABA BEAN RESEARCH AND PRODUCTION IN
EGYPT AND SUDAN. (A Profile of the ICARDA/IFAD Nile Valley Project)
(1982) Aleppo, Syria: International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas
(ICARDA). 20p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Egypt, Sudan, ICARDA, IFAD, dry
farming, faba beans, constraints, on-farm trials, yields, nutrition, hybrids, water
management, disease resistance, surveys, programs and projects, extension, experiment
stations, seed production, objectives SD.2.B.1

2778 NEW LOOK AT THE IMPORTANCE OF CULTIVARS IN COWPEA RESEARCH:
EVIDENCE FROM NORTHERN CAMEROON. IN: Research Highlights: Michigan
State University Bean/Cowpea CRSP Ta'Ama, M.E. (1985) (Vol.2 no.5 p.1-4, 1985)
4p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Cameroon, semiarid zones, cowpeas, cultivars, SAFGRAD,
on-farm testing, yields, disease resistance, drought resistance, variety trials, surveys
CM.2.B.1

2779 OLD-TIME HONEST AMARANTH IS A GOOD CROP FOR SUMMER. IN: The
New York Times Masson, W. (1984) (p.H-29, May 27, 1984) Ip. KEYWORDS:
amaranth, amaranthus tricolor, heat resistance, vegetables 2.B.1

2780 POTATOES IN CENTRAL AFRICA: A SURVEY OF BURUNDI, RWANDA AND
ZAIRE. Scott, G.J. (1988) Lima: International Potato Center (CIP). 159p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Central Africa, Burundi, Rwanda, Zaire, potatoes, crop
production, food distribution and marketing ++

2781 QUINUA: GRAIN OF THE INCAS. IN: The Ecologist Cusack, D.F. (1984)
(Vol.14 no.1 p.21-31, 1984) lip. KEYWORDS: South America, Andean region,
altiplano, cereals, food crops, staple crops, quinoa, varieties, drought resistance,
Chenopodium quinoa, Chenopodium palidacuale, Chenopodium nuttaliae
QH540/.E295/E25

2782 SEED POTATO PRODUCTION IN EAST AFRICA. Wiersema, S.G. (1980)
Lima: International Potato Center (CIP). 24p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa,
potatoes, seed potatoes, seed production, methodology AFRICA.2.B.1








2783 SEEDS OF WEALTH SEEDS OF RISK? THE VULNERABILITY OF HYBRID
MAIZE PRODUCTION IN THE SOUTHERN HIGHLANDS OF TANZANIA.
Friis-Hansen, E. (1989) Copenhagen: Centre for Development Research (CDR).
(CDR Project Paper No.88.2) 67p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Tanzania,
maize, seeds, hybrids, varieties, sustainability, pest resistance, high yielding varieties,
food crops, plant genetics, environmental degradation TZ.2.B.1

2784 SORGHUM IMPROVEMENT IN EASTERN AFRICA. (Proceedings of the Regional
Workshop on Sorghum Improvement in Eastern Africa, Oct. 17-21, 1982, Nazreth and
Debre Zeit, Ethiopia Gebrekidan, B. (ed.) (1982) Nazreth, Ethiopia: Ethiopian
Sorghum Improvement Project. 196p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Eastern Africa,
Ethiopia, Rwanda, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe,
sorghum, national programs and projects, plant genetics, institutions, diseases, pests,
striga, nutrition, plant breeding ++

2785 TEPARY BEANS: A RESOURCE FOR IMPROVEMENT OF COMMON BEANS.
IN: Research Highlights: Michigan State University Bean/Cowpea CRSP Webster,
B.D. (1985) (Vol.2 no.3, 1985) 4p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, arid
regions, beans, tepary beans, phaseolus acutifolius, drought resistance, heat resistance,
varieties, varietal improvement KE.2.B.1

2786 TRUE POTATO SEED: A POTENTIAL ALTERNATIVE FOR POTATO
PRODUCTION IN KENYA. (Paper originally presented at a research seminar at
Egerton University College, Njoro, Kenya, Feb. 7, 1985) M'Ribu, H.K. (1986) Njoro,
Kenya: Egerton Univ. College. (Research Paper Series No.12, Dec. 1986) 13p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, potatoes, seeds, crop production, food
crops KE.2.B.1

2787 USE OF LABLAB BEAN (DOLICHOS LABLAB) BY TRADITIONAL FARMERS
IN HONDURAS. Flores, M. (1989)* Tegucigalpa, Honduras: International Cover
Crop Clearinghouse; Apdo. 278-C; Tel.32-6474. 8p. KEYWORDS: Central
America, Honduras, traditional farming, beans, lablab beans, dolichos lablab,
intercropping, maize, fodder crops, food crops, feed crops, legumes HN.2.B.1

2788 VARIETAL TRAITS LIMITING THE GRAIN YIELD OF TROPICAL MAIZE I,
II, II, IV. IN: Soil Science and Plant Nutrition Yamaguchi, J. (1974) (Vol. 20
nos.1-3 p.69-78 (I), p.145-54 (II), p.155-61 (III), p.287-304 (IV), 1974) 38p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, Mexico, tropics, cereals, maize, yields, growth yield
relationship, growth analysis, growth factors, growth inhibitors, growth promoters,
growth period, altitude, varieties, tillage MX.2.B.1







2.B.2 CROP PROTECTION


2789 INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT: RICE CROP PROTECTION IN THE
PHILIPPINES WITHOUT HAZARDS FOR THE ENVIRONMENT. IN: AT Source
Reus, J. (1990) (Vol.17 no.2 p.4-11, 1990) 8p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Pacific,
Philippines, integrated pest management, pest control, environment, rice, diseases, pest
resistance PH.2.B.2

2.B.2.C FUNGI AND BACTERIA

2790 ADAPTION OF THE POTATO TO THE LOWLAND TROPICS. International
Potato Center. (1975) Lima: International Potato Center (CIP). (Report of the
International Potato Center Planning Conference held in association with the Sixth
Triennial Conference of the European Association for Potato Research, Wageningen,
Netherlands, Sep., 1975) 25p. KEYWORDS: potatoes, tropics, diseases, varieties
2.B.2.C

2.B.3 ANIMALS

2791 PERFORMANCE OF EXOTIC DAIRY CATTLE UNDER DIFFICULT
ENVIRONMENTS. IN: Asian Livestock Khan, U.N. (1990) (Vol.15 no.2 p.17-
23, Feb. 1990) 7p. KEYWORDS: tropics, subtropics, dairy cattle, cattle breeds,
diseases 2.B.3

2792 POULTRY WASTE IN CATTLE RATIONS. IN: East African Agricultural and
Forestry Journal Odhuba, E.K. (1987) (Vol.52 p.16-26, 1986; abstracted in Heifer
Project Exchange, No.50 p.4, Sep./Oct. 1989) 11p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa,
Kenya, livestock feeding, animal nutrition, ruminants, nitrogen KE.2.B.3

2.B.3.A ANIMAL PARASITES

2793 EFFECT OF PPR CONTROL AND DIPPING ON VILLAGE GOAT
POPULATIONS IN SOUTHWEST NIGERIA. IN: ILCA Bulletin Reynolds, L.
(1988) (no.32 p.22-27, Nov. 1988) 6p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Nigeria,
goats, ruminants, diseases, livestock, animal health SF15/.A25/I11








HUMAN ELEMENT: EXOGENOUS FACTORS


2794 ANIMATION RURAL AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT: THE EXPERIENCE OF
SENEGAL Gellar, S. (1980) Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University, Center for
International Studies, Rural Development Committee. (Special Series on Animation
Rurale: No.2) 211p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Senegal, rural development, USAID,
Animation Rurale, development theory, extension, development projects, development
policy, analysis, case studies, social policy, history HN829.Z9C63

2795 APPLIED AGRONOMIC RESEARCH PROGRAM FOR DRYLAND FARMING IN
200-400 MM RAINFALL ZONE OF MOROCCO. (1977) [Lincoln, Neb.?:
MidAmerica International Agricultural Consortium]. (Contract No. AID/NE-C-1284,
Univ. of Nebraska) 187p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Morocco, arid regions,
agronomy, dry farming, training, participation, evaluation, USAID, agrarian reform,
institutionalization, precipitation, soil moisture, cropping patterns, soil types, extension,
fertilizers, soil fertility, productivity, tillage, soil testing, forage, livestock systems, range
management, forage seed production, livestock nutrition, machinery, equipment,
socioeconomic conditions, rural households, land use, cereals, draught animals, animal
power, tractors, marketing, price policy, credit, cooperatives, land tenure, labor supply,
women, land tenancy, technology transfers ++

2796 DEVELOPPEMENT ZONAL DANS LA TUNISIE CENTRAL: RAPPORT FINAL
DE CONSULTATION. Boyle, W. (1986) Worcester, Mass.: Clark University.
(Cooperative Agreement on Human Settlements and Natural Resource Systems
Analysis) 127p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Tunisia, development zones, exploitation
model, socioeconomic analysis, annual production, financial planning, investment, credit,
projects, environment, resources, social environment, population, living conditions,
human resources, irrigation TN.3

2797 FARM AND VILLAGE PRODUCTION SYSTEMS IN THE SEMI-ARID TROPICS
OF WEST AFRICA: AN INTERPRETIVE REVIEW OF RESEARCH. Norman,
D.W. (1981) Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India:: International Crops Research
Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). 94p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West
Africa, semiarid tropics, agricultural production, production systems, village level studies,
research, economic analysis, FSR, institutions S472/.W4/N67

2798 NEW APPROACH OF TACKLING ZAMBIA'S ECONOMIC ILLS A CRITIQUE.
(Paper presented to Professor E.W. Nafziger as partial fulfillment of course
requirements for "Economics of Underdeveloped Countries," KSU, Summer 1987)
Mulenga, K.B. (1987)* Manhattan, Kan.: K.B. Mulenga, Kansas State University.
39p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Zambia, economic analysis, poverty, income distribution,
employment, migration, population growth, rural development, infrastructure, policy,
economic theories ZM.3







2799 PAPERS AND PROCEEDINGS OF THE THIRD ECONOMICS POLICY
WORKSHOP ON MIGRATION AND MECHANIZATION IN EGYPTIAN
AGRICULTURE. (1982) Davis, Calif.: Agricultural Development Systems: Egypt
Project, Univ. of California. (Economics Working Paper Series, no.56) 23p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Egypt, migration, mechanization, labor shortage, Agricultural
Development Systems Project, policy, food security, economic growth, constraints, prices
EG.3

3A SOCIAL ORGANIZATION AND COMMUNITY STRUCTURE

2800 ABSENTEE HERD OWNERS AND PART-TIME PASTORALISTS: THE
POLITICAL ECONOMY OF RESOURCE USE IN NORTHERN KENYA. IN:
Human Ecology Little, P.D. (1985) (Vol.13 no.2 p.131-51, 1985) 21p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, pastoralism, resource management, political
economy, communal tenure, communal grazing, range management, environmental
degradation, tenure, grazing patterns, livestock sector KE.3.A

2801 AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN A MATRILINEAL SYSTEM. (Paper
presented at the Farming Systems Research Workshop, Lusaka, Zambia, Nov. 27-29,
1984) Kishindo, P. (1984)* Lilongwe, Malawi: P. Kishindo, Univ. of Malawi,
Chancellor College. (at KSU, located with "Reaching Female Farmers...," No.972) 7p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Southern Africa, Malawi, matriliny, technology, innovation
adoption, case studies, anthropology, family structure MW.3.E.1.A.BB

2802 EGYPTIAN VILLAGE STUDIES: AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY.
Mehanna, S. (1981) Davis, Calif.: Agricultural Development Systems: Egypt Project,
Univ. of California. (Economics Working Paper Series, no.44) 70p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, Egypt, bibliographies, community structure, social change, technology transfers,
land reform, agrarian reform, resettlement, communication, leadership, community
development, power structure, class conflict, social structure, households EG.3.A

2803 FAMILY FARM IN BUGANDA. IN: Development and Change Robertson, A.F.
(1978) (Vol.9 p.415-38, 1978) 24p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Central Africa, Uganda,
economic analysis, anthropology, family structure, kinship, marriage, family farms,
generations conflict, land tenure, households, development planning UG.3.A

2804 FARM AND COMMUNITY FORESTRY. Foley, G. (1985) London: Chameleon
Press Ltd., 5-25 Burr Road, SW18 4SG. (Overseas Development Institute Social
Forestry Network; Network Paper Ib; Winter 1985; based on Earthscan Technical
Report No.3 of same title; Earthscan, 3 Endsleigh St., London WC1H ODD) 12p.
KEYWORDS: forestry, agroforestry, communal forestry 3.A








2805 LOCAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS AND SUSTAINABILITY. (Paper prepared for
the Annual Meeting of the Society for Economic Anthropology, Riverside, California,
Apr.3-4, 1986) Brokensha, D. (1986)* Santa Barbara, Calif.: D. Brokensha, Dept.
of Anthropology, Univ. of California. 26p. KEYWORDS: Africa, indigenous
knowledge systems, management, natural resources, sustainability, agricultural policy,
households, innovation adoption, change, anthropology AFRICA.3.A

2806 ORGANIZATION OF PRODUCTION AMONG THE SERER (REGION OF
THINS). (Paper presented for Workshop on Sahelian Agriculture, West Lafayette, Ind.,
Purdue University, Department of Agricultural Economics, May 1980) Stomal-Weigel,
B. (1980)* s.l.: B. Stomal-Weigel. 27p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Senegal, Sahel,
USAID, rain-fed farming, sorghum, groundnuts, millets, socioeconomic organization,
production systems, surveys SN.3.A

2807 PASTORAL NOMADS OR MIGRANT WORKERS? THE BEDOUIN IN LEBANON
SEARCH FOR THEIR FUTURE IN THE 20TH CENTURY. Stewart, B.A.
(1982?)* Las Cruces, N.M.: B.A. Stewart, Center for International Programs, New
Mexico State Univ.. 20p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Middle East, Lebanon, Syria, nomadism,
technology, technological change, socioeconomic change, traditionalism, pastoralism,
Bedouin, households, labor, social structure, family structure, women LB.3.A

2808 SOCIAL ANALYSIS OF AN AGRICULTURAL INVESTMENT PROJECT WITH
EMPHASIS ON THE ROLE OF RURAL WOMEN: A CASE STUDY ON THE
CREDIT AND MARKETING PROJECT FOR SMALLHOLDERS IN SWAZILAND.
Carloni, A.S. (1985) Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the U.N. (FAO).
(Training Materials for Agricultural Planning No. 11 ESP/TMAP/11) 43p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Swaziland, FAO, social analysis, rural women, case studies,
credit, marketing, small farms, subsistence farming, women in development, migration,
methodology, rapid rural appraisal, food production, labor, training, constraints, roles,
surveys SZ.3.A

2809 SOCIAL FORESTRY IN 1985: LESSONS LEARNT AND TOPICS TO BE
ADDRESSED. Shepherd, G. (1985) London: Chameleon Press Ltd., 5-25 Burr
Road, SW18 4SG. (Overseas Development Institute Social Forestry Network; Network
Paper la; Winter 1985) 33p. KEYWORDS: forestry, agroforestry, communal forestry,
tenure, social stratification, women 3.A

2810 THE ROLE OF SPECIALIZED COOPERATIVES AND THE MARKETING OF
POTATOES IN EGYPT. Shazly, F. (1982) Davis, Calif.: Agricultural Development
Systems: Egypt Project, Univ. of California. (Economics Working Paper Series, no.68)
10p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Egypt, cooperatives, potatoes, marketing, background,
cooperative structure, Central Agricultural Cooperative Union, credit, specialization,
commodities, potatoes EG.3.A







2811 ZIMBABWE RURAL AFFORESTATION PROJECT: WORLD BANK APPRAISAL
MISSION. Horowitz, M.M. (1982) Binghamton, N.Y.: Institute for Development
Anthropology. (Social Analysis Working Paper, Sep. 1982) 55p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, Zimbabwe, forestry, afforestation, socioeconomic analysis, land tenure, land use,
women's roles ++

3.D POPULATION. NUTRITION, AND HEALTH

2812 FOOD CONSUMPTION SURVEY IN GUIDIMAKA, GORGOL, BRAKNA AND
TRARZA REGIONS. IN: Farming Systems Research Along the Senegal River Valley
Frankenberger, T.R. (1986) Tucson, Ariz.: Univ. of Arizona, College of Agriculture.
(Mauritania Agricultural Research Project II; Report No.3, Apr. 1986) 105p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Mauritania, semiarid zones, surveys, food
consumption, food preferences, food preparation, food prices, food storage, food
distribution, wild plants, diseases, women, gardens, food shortages, seasonality ++

2813 IRRIGATION TECHNOLOGY AND COMMERCIALIZATION OF RICE IN THE
GAMBIA: EFFECTS ON INCOME AND NUTRITION. von Braun, J. (1989)
(International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) Research Report No. 75) 116p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Gambia, tropics, rice, rice production, irrigation, food supply,
nutrition, income, women in agriculture, innovation adoption, agricultural development,
appropriate technology, labor, economic analysis, IFPRI HD9066.G25

2814 KENYA'S EXPERIENCE WITH WOMEN'S GROUPS IN AGRICULTURAL
EXTENSION: STRATEGIES FOR ACCELERATING IMPROVEMENTS IN FOOD
PRODUCTION AND NUTRITIONAL AWARENESS IN AFRICA. IN: Agricultural
Administration Muzaale, P.J. (1985) (Vol.19 p.13-28, 1985) 16p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, East Africa, Kenya, women in agriculture, extension, nutrition, food production
HD1401/.A36

2815 NUTRITIONAL CASE STUDY OF SWAZILAND. Hix, D.K. (1987)* Manhattan,
Kan.: D.K. Hix, Kansas State University. (Term Project for course, FN [Foods and
Nutrition] 702: "Nutrition in Developing Countries," Dr. Meredith Smith) 29p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Swaziland, nutrition, socioeconomic analysis, diet, problem
identification, objectives, planning of research, malnutrition, health, solution design, crop
production, small farms, case studies SZ.3.D








2816 RAINY SEASON FOOD CONSUMPTION SURVEY IN GUIDIMAKA, GORGOL,
AND BRAKNA REGIONS. IN: Farming Systems Research Along the Senegal River
Valley Stone, M.P. (1986) Tucson, Ariz.: Univ. of Arizona, College of Agriculture.
(Mauritania Agricultural Research Project II; Report No.6, Jan. 1987) 99p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Mauritania, semiarid zones, surveys, food
consumption, food preferences, food preparation, food prices, food storage, food
distribution, feral varieties, wild plants, diseases, women, gardens, food shortages,
seasonality + +

2817 REVIEW OF LITERATURE RELEVANT TO FOOD: CONSUMPTION ACTIVITY.
Abdou, A. (1982) Davis, Calif.: Agricultural Development Systems: Egypt Project,
Univ. of California. (Economics Working Paper, no.41) 21p. KEYWORDS: North
Africa, Egypt, bibliographies, Food Consumption Activity, food shortages, cereal
production, agricultural policy, rationing, income, food expenditures, demand, nutrition,
diet, protein EG.3.D

2818 SEMINAR ON FOOD CONSUMPTION AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN
RURAL COMMUNITIES. El-Shennawy, M. (1982) Davis, Calif.: Agricultural
Development Systems: Egypt Project, Univ. of California. (Economics Working Paper
Series, no.61) 12p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Egypt, food consumption, economic
development, food shortages, nutrition, exports, imports, national income, food security,
labor supply, price policy, social institutions, small farmers, village zoning, family
structure, tenure systems EG.3.D

3.E EXTERNAL INSTITUTIONS

2819 MAINTIEN D'UNE PROMESSE: LE DEVELOPPEMENT AGRICOLE AU SAHEL
(1987) Washington, D.C.: U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment.
(Rapport Special De L'OTA) 36p. KEYWORDS: West Africa, Sahel, background,
development programs, poverty, technology, politics, USAID, development aid, Peace
Corps Africa.3.E

2820 PROGRESS OR CATASTROPHE IN AFRICA?. IN: Africa Report Norman, D.W.
(1981) (Vol.26 p.4-8, Jul.-Aug. 1981) 5p. KEYWORDS: Africa, farming systems,
changes, socioeconomic conditions, food shortages, rural development,
recommendations, price policy, technology development, development agencies, aid
DT1/.A2







3.E.1 INFRASTRUCTURE SUPPORT SYSTEMS


2821 CO-OPERATIVE VEGETABLE GROWING AND MARKETING IN THE GAMBIA.
IN: Agricultural Administration Sargent, M. (1986) (Vol. 21, p. 67-79, 1986) 13p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Gambia, vegetables, onions, cooperative farming, cooperatives,
marketing HD1401/.A36

2822 IMPACT OF MODERN CHANGES IN THE CHITEMENE FARMING SYSTEM
IN THE NORTHERN PROVINCE OF ZAMBIA. (Paper prepared for Conference
on the Gender Issues in Farming Systems Research and Extension, University of
Florida, Gainesville, Florida, Feb.26-Mar.1, 1986) Tembo, M.N. (1986)* Lusaka,
Zambia: M.N. Tembo, Department of Agriculture, Home Economics Section. 26p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Zambia, women in agriculture, women's status, peasant farming,
nutrition, cash crops, food production, rural women, problem identification, training,
sociological analysis, policy, migration, constraints, food supply, extension, subsistence
farming ZM.3.E.1

2823 PROGRAMME OF SUPPORT FOR THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR OF
ERITREA. (Report to Euro Action Acord, Feb.22-Mar.18, 1985) Barnett, T. (1985)
Norwich, U.K.: T. Barnett, University of East Anglia, School of Development Studies,
Overseas Development. (Manuals and Reports in Development Studies No. 25) 40p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Ethiopia, agricultural development, drought, baseline data,
programs and projects, irrigation, problem identification, resource management, training,
resource conservation, technology transfers, livestock, recommendations, institution
building, international cooperation, development aid ET.3.E.1

2824 TRIP REPORT ON THE APPLIED AGRONOMIC RESEARCH PROGRAM FOR
DRYLAND FARMING IN 325-450 MM RAINFALL ZONE. Anderson, M.A.
(1979)* [Lincoln, Neb.: M.A. Anderson, Executive Director, MidAmerica International
Agricultural Consortium (MIAC)]. 51p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa,
Morocco, semiarid zones, dry farming, work plans, training, credit MA.3.E.1

3.E.1A.BB EXTENSION

2825 1982 SORGHUM RESEARCH AND EXTENSION VILLAGE APPROACH
PROGRAMME IN WESTERN KENYA. IN: Farming Systems Newsletter Njeru,
E.S. (1982) (No.10 p.16-27, July-Sep. 1982) 12p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East
Africa, Kenya, semiarid zones, sorghum, millets, food production, extension, villages,
programs and projects, evaluation KE.3.E.1.A.BB








2826 CONSTRAINTS TO AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR EXTENSION TRAINING IN
SWAZILAND. (Paper presented at Farming Systems Research & Extension
Symposium, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, Oct. 8-10, 1984) Easter,
G.W. (1984)* s.l.: G.W. Easter, Swaziland Cropping Systems Research & Extension
Training Project. 7p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Swaziland, extension, training,
constraints, diffusion of information, objectives, institution building, education
SZ.3.E.1.A.BB

2827 EXTENSION EDUCATION AND FARMERS' PERFORMANCE IN IMPROVED
CROP FARMING IN KAKAMEGA DISTRICT, KENYA. IN: Agricultural
Administration Chitere, P.A. (1985) (Vol.18 p.39-55, 1985) 17p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, East Africa, Kenya, education, extension, recommendations, innovation adoption,
cropping systems, performance testing, crop husbandry, crop production, yields
HD1401/.A36

2828 EXTENSION AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE. IN: Proceedings
of Sustainable Agriculture in the Midwest Conference Lucas, L.E. (1988) Lincoln,
Neb.: Univ. of Nebraska, Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Agriculture and
Natural Resources, Dept. of Agronomy. (Lincoln, Nebraska, Mar. 22, 1988; to locate
at KSU see Francis, "Agricultural Systems Research...") 7p. KEYWORDS:
sustainability, extension 5

2829 EXTENSION SYSTEM AND SMALL-SCALE FARMERS: A CASE STUDY FROM
NORTHERN ZAMBIA. IN: Agricultural Administration and Extension Francis, P.
(1987) (Vol.26 p.185-96, 1987) 12p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Zambia, maize,
extension, communication, diffusion of information, planning of research, technology
transfers, farmers' attitudes, socioeconomic conditions, innovation adoption, evaluation,
appropriate technology, education HD1401/.A36

2830 FARM MANAGEMENT AND EXTENSION IN SMALLHOLDER AGRICULTURE:
PART 2-APPROPRIATE FARM MANAGEMENT SKILLS AND THEIR USE IN
EXTENSION. IN: Agricultural Administration Dorwald, A.R. (1986) (Vol.22
p.117-33, 1986) 17p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Malawi, management, extension, training,
technology transfers HD1401/.A36

2831 FARM MANAGEMENT AND EXTENSION IN SMALLHOLDER AGRICULTURE:
PART 1-THE ROLE OF FARM MANAGEMENT IN EXTENSION. IN:
Agricultural Administration Dorwald, A.R. (1986) (Vol.22 p.21-37, 1986) 17p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Malawi, management, extension, training, technology transfers
HD1401/.A36







2832 FSR AND THE DANGLING /E: EXTENSION, INFORMATION FLOW AND THE
FARMING SYSTEMS APPROACH IN NIGER. (Paper presented at the Seventh
Annual Farming Systems Research and Extension Symposium, Univ. of Arkansas,
Fayetteville, Arkansas, Oct. 18-21, 1987) Sowers, F.W. (1987)* [Niamey: F.W.
Sowers, National Cereals Program, Min. of Agriculture, Niger]. 28p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, West Africa, Niger, extension, information exchange, communication.
NE.3.E.1.A.BB

2833 MAKING AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION TRAINING PRACTICAL: FROM
EVALUATION TO CURRICULUM CHANGE IN SOUTHERN SUDAN. IN:
Agricultural Administration Jones, S. (1985) (Vol.18 p.81-88, 1985) 8p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Sudan, extension, training, evaluation, national programs and
projects, institution building, curriculum, educational planning, teacher training, diffusion
of information HD1401/.A36

2834 MANUAL OF TEACHING METHODS FOR USE IN AGROFORESTRY
INTENSIVE SHORT COURSES. Major, M. (1985) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro
Agron6mico Tropical de Investigaci6n y Ensefianza (CATIE). (Sponsored by USAID'
and CATIE) 72p. KEYWORDS: agroforestry, education, teaching methods
3.E.1.A.BB

2835 PERFORMANCE OF AN AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE: THE
CENTRE DE TRAVAUX OF OULAD SAID. (Draft) Frissel, M. (1988)* Settat,
Morocco: M. Frissel, MIAC-INRA. 27p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa,
Morocco, extension, agricultural production, productivity, evaluation, livestock, cattle,
sheep, goats, wheat, barley, cereals, maize, mechanization MA.3.E.1.A.BB

3.E.1.B.AA MARKETING

2836 ELEMENTS DE STRATEGIC DE COMMERCIALIZATION DES PRODUCTS
AGRICOLES. Driouchi, A. (1988)* [Meknes, Morocco?: A. Driouchi?, Professor,
Department D'Economie Rurale, Ecole Nationale D'Agriculture]. (Guide Numero 5
Pour L'Analyse en Economie Rurale; Working Paper, February, 1988; poor photocopy)
21p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Morocco, commercial farming, marketing
MA.3.E.1.B.AA

2837 SKITS, EXTENSION AGENTS, AND GRANARY RATS. IN: VITA News Johnson,
F. (1988) (p.4-6, July/Oct. 1988) 3p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Central African
Republic, extension, education, pest control, rats CF.3.E.1.B.AA








3.E.1.B.CC PROCESSING


2838 POST-HARVEST PROCESSING OF WINTER CROPS IN NW SYRIA. IN: Studies
of Farming Systems in Syria. 1977-79 Bailey, E. (1980) Norwich, England: ICARDA
Farming Systems Research Programme, Overseas Development Group, Univ. of East
Anglia. (Complementary to Vol.2, Farming Systems in Six Aleppo and Two Hama
Villages) 18p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Middle East, Syria, farming systems research,
FSR, postharvest systems ++

3.E.2 POLICIES AND STRUCTURAL REFORM PROGRAMS

2839 EVALUATION OF THE ARID AND SEMI-ARID LANDS PROJECT. (Working
Draft of paper prepared for the Center for Development Information and Evaluation)
Carloni. (1985)* s.l.: s.n.. (USAID Project No.615-0172) 38p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, East Africa, Kenya, arid regions, semiarid zones, programs and projects,
evaluation, women KE.3.E.2

2840 FOOD SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT IN EGYPT. Hindy, M. (1981) Davis, Calif.:
Agricultural Development Systems: Egypt Project, Univ. of California. (Economics
Working Paper, no.58) 15p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Egypt, food systems, land, crops,
production, yield factors, population growth, income, consumption, development
strategies, investment, resource use, price policy, marketing, inputs, research, extension,
policy EG.3.E.2

2841 FOOD PRODUCTION IN A LAND-SURPLUS, LABOR-SCARCE ECONOMY:
THE ZAIRIAN BASIN. Tshibaka, T. (1989) Washington: International Food
Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). (Research Report No. 74) 70p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, Zaire, humid zones, IFPRI, food production, tropics, small farms, land, labor,
constraints, food supply, agricultural development, ecology, cropping systems,
productivity, capital, farmers' attitudes, economic analysis, land preparation, policy, tree
cropping, development policy, resource allocation ++

2842 IMPACT OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT ON A PASTORAL SOCIETY:
THE SHUKRIYA OF THE EASTERN SUDAN. (Report submitted to the U.S.
Agency for International Development (USAID)) Salem-Murdock, M. (1979)*
Binghamton, N.Y.: M. Salem-Murdock, State University of New York at Binghamton,
Department of Anthropology and Institute for Development Anthropology. 57p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Sudan, USAID, agricultural development, semiarid zones,
pastoralism, irrigation, pastoral society, animal husbandry, nomads, ethnic groups,
socioeconomic analysis, irrigated farming, sorghum, wheat, groundnuts, cotton, women,
history, evaluation, national programs and projects SD.3.E.2







2843 INTEGRATED AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS IN SIERRA
LEONE SOME IMPLICATIONS FOR THE FUTURE ADMINISTRATION OF
AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT. IN: Agricultural Administration Cusworth,
J (1985) (Vol.18 p.65-79, 1985) 15p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sierra Leone, programs
and projects, national programs and projects, evaluation, organization, management,
personnel, problem identification, policy, planning, institution building, agricultural
development HD1401/.A36

2844 LOW-RESOURCE AGRICULTURE IN AFRICA. (Draft) Staatz, J.M. (1986)*
East Lansing, Mich.: J.M. Staatz, Michigan State Univ.. (Draft of U.S. Congress Office
of Technology Assessment document) 47p. KEYWORDS: Africa, sustainability,
inputs, small farmers, appropriate technology, organic farming, alternative farming,
economic development, food security, environmental factors, constraints
AFRICA.3.E.2

2845 MANAGERIAL CONSTRAINTS TO RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA-
LESSONS FROM THE GAMBIA AND ELSEWHERE. IN: Agricultural
Administration Reilly, W. (1987) (Vol.26, p.137-149, 1987) 13p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, Sahel, Gambia, programs and projects, management, management training,
problem identification, constraints, rural development, decision making, cultural
environment, organizational structures, organization, finance, development aid,
development administration HD1401/.A36

2846 POLITICAL REALITIES OF AFRICAN MANAGEMENT. (Paper prepared as
background material for the AID Workshop on the Evaluation of Management in
African Agricultural Development Projects) Leonard, D.K. (1984) Binghamton, N.Y.:
Institute for Development Anthropology, 99 Collier St., Suite 302, P.O. Box 818. 39p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, politics, development policy, agricultural policy, development
administration, programs and projects, management, leadership, bureaucracy
AFRICA 3.E.2

2847 REPRESENTATIVE FARM MODELING FOR EVALUATION OF NEW
TECHNOLOGIES AND ANALYSIS OF AGRICULTURAL POLICIES IN
MOROCCO. Roth, M. [1988]* Madison, Wise.: M. Roth, Land Tenure Center,
Univ. of Wisconsin. 6p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Morocco, innovations,
technology development, farm models, evaluation, agricultural policy, appropriate
technology, technology analysis, pest control, price support, price policy, subsidies
MA.3.E.2

2848 SPECIAL STUDY: THE ADMINISTRATION OF AGRICULTURE. Riddle, R.
(1985)* Rabat, Morocco: R. Riddle, Institut Agronomique et Veterinaire Hassan II.
4p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Morocco, administration, agricultural policy, intervention,
regional agricultural policy MA.3.E.2








2849 TECHNICAL REPORT OF THE INTSORMIL PROGRAM TEAM. (Paper prepared
for Semi-Arid Food Grains Research and Development Project Farming Systems
Workshop, Jan. 12-15, 1981, Dakar, Senegal) (1981)* Lincoln, Neb.: University of
Nebraska, International Sorghum/Millet (INTSORMIL). 13p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
West Africa, Senegal, Mali, SAFGRAD, INTSORMIL, ISRA, ICRISAT, IDRC,
programs and projects, farming systems research, sorghum, millets, research institutes,
training, institution building SN.3.E.2

3.F TECHNOLOGICAL AND MECHANICAL FACTORS

2850 AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION AND THE EVOLUTION OF FARMING
SYSTEMS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA. Pingali, P. (1987) Baltimore, Md.:
Johns Hopkins University Press. (Published for the World Bank) 216p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, tropics, humid tropics, mechanization, animal traction, history,
animal husbandry, oxen, technology transfers, tillage, trypanosomiasis, -policy, tractors,
intensification, cultivation methods, labor, constraints, destumping, markets, yields,
utilization, highlands, seasonality, land use, income, fodder, plowing, tree crops, fallow
S760/.A357/P56/1987

2851 ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF SELECTED AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGIES
WITH IMPLICATIONS FOR DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES IN BURKINA-FASO.
(Paper prepared for the Farming Systems Research and Extension Symposium, Kansas
State University, Manhattan, Kansas, Oct. 7-10, 1984) Roth, M. (1984) West
Lafayette, Ind.: Purdue Univ., International Education and Research, International
Programs in Agriculture. 45p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Burkina Faso,
technology analysis, evaluation, economic evaluation, farm models, animal traction,
fertilization, tillage, tie ridging HV.3.F

2852 LOW-INPUT, ENVIRONMENTALLY SENSITIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR
AGRICULTURE. (Grant F. Walton International Lecture presented at Rutgers, The
State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey, Oct. 16, 1984) Nickel,
J.L. (1987) Cali, Colombia: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT).
(Reprint Series 001) 22p. KEYWORDS: technology, environment, sustainability,
organic farming 3.F

2853 SHRINKING PLANET: U.S. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. Elkington, J. (1988) New York: World
Resources Institute. p. KEYWORDS: technology, information exchange, computers,
sustainability HC59.72/.I55/E45/1988







2854 UTILISATION DES BUDGETS PARTIES DANS L'EVALUATION
ECONOMIQUE DES INNOVATIONS EN AGRICULTURE. Driouchi, A. (1988)*
Settat, Morocco: Centre Regional de la Recherche Agronomique de la Chaouia Abda
et Doukkala. (Guide Numero 3 Pour L'Analyse en Economie Rurale; Working Paper,
February, 1988; USAID Project No. 608-0136) 25p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North
Africa, Morocco, economic evaluation, techniques MA.3.F

3.F.1 MECHANIZATION

2855 AVERAGE SIZED FARM OPERATED BY TRACTOR OWNERS IN ABDA
REGION OF SAFI PROVINCE, MOROCCO. Rafsnider, G. (1987) Settat,
Morocco: MidAmerica International Agricultural Consortium-Morocco Project
Aridoculture Center. (MIAC Agric. Econ. Info. Rpt. No. 5) 4p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, Morocco, Safi province, tractors, MIAC-INRA study, statistics, mechanization,
rain-fed farming, farm size, cropping patterns, methodology, land tenure, cereals,
legumes, land tenure, technology MA.3.F.1

2856 AVERAGE SIZED FARM OPERATED BY FARMERS NOT OWNING
TRACTORS IN ABDA REGION OF SAFI PROVINCE, MOROCCO. Rafsnider,.
G. (1987) Settat, Morocco: MidAmerica International Agricultural Consortium-
Morocco Project Aridoculture Center. (MIAC Agric. Econ. Info. Rpt. No. 6) 3p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Morocco, Safi province, tractors, average farm size,
mechanization, Aridoculture Center project, cereals, legumes, land tenure, cropping
patterns, small farms MA.3.F.1

2857 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION: THE
EGYPTIAN/USAID AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION PROJECT, A CASE
STUDY. (Paper presented at the Farming Systems Research Seminar, Kansas State
University, October 1984) El-Haddad, Z. (1984) s.l.: Z. El-Haddad. 10p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Egypt, project implementation, USAID, Agricultural
Mechanization Project, productivity, technology, research, development, extension,
service center, village workshop development, land improvement, manufacturing,
planning, evaluation, farming systems EG.3.F.1

2858 MECANISATION DU SEMIS ET DE LA RECOLTE DES LENTILLES. Herzenni,
A. (n.d.) (s.l.): (s.n.). (Essai devaluation de scouts) 10p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
Morocco, mechanization, seeds, harvesting, lentils, methodology, cost, soil preparation,
cereals MA.3.F.1








2859 MECHANISATION AND AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT. Bergmann, T.
(1984) Gattingen, West Germany: Edition Herodot. (Socio-economic Studies on
Rural Development, Vol.49; General Report, 1984) p. KEYWORDS: West Asia,
South Asia, mechanization, development policy HD1459/.B47/1984/Vol.1

2860 MECHANIZATION, MIGRATION, AND LABOR IN AN EGYPTIAN VILLAGE.
Hopkins, N. (1981) Davis, Calif.: Agricultural Development'Systems: Egypt Project,
Univ. of California. (Economics Working Paper Series, no.47) 25p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, Egypt, mechanization, migration, labor, villages, agricultural commercialization,
capitalist market system, self-sufficiency, land tenure, women's roles, labor organization,
households EG.3.F.1

2861 PLANTING METHODS FOR WINTER CROPS IN NW SYRIA. IN: Studies of
Farming Systems in Syria, 1977-79 Harvey, J. (1980) Norwich, England: ICARDA
Farming Systems Research Programme, Overseas Development Group, Univ. of East
Anglia. (Complementary to Vol.2, Farming Systems in Six Aleppo and Two Hama
Villages) 29p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Middle East, Syria, farming systems research,
FSR, crop production, planting, seed drills SY.3.F.1

2862 RESULTATS DE TESTS SUR QUELQUES MACHINES A FAIBLE PUISSANCE.
Herzenni, A. [1988?]* s.l.: A. Herzenni. lip. KEYWORDS: Africa, North
Africa, Morocco, mechanization, technology analysis MA.3.F.1

3.F.2 ENERGY

2863 CONSOMMATIONS DE COMBUSTIBLES DOMESTIQUES AU SiENGAL SUR
FOYERS TRADITIONNELS ET SUR FOYERS AMiLIORi S. (Domestic Fuel
Consumption in Senegal in Traditional and Improved Hearths) Madon, G. (1982)
Washington: U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). (USAID No. PN-
AAL-818) 40p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Senegal, Sahel, arid regions, USAID,
deforestation, fuelwood, appropriate technology, energy, technology transfers, BAS
stoves, innovation adoption, cooking, cookstoves, urban areas, household consumption
SN.3.F.2

3.F.3 TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER

2864 ACCEPTANCE OF CERTAIN AGRICULTURAL INNOVATIONS IN THE
DITSOBOTLA DISTRICT OF BOPHUTHATSWANA. Redelinghuys, H.J. (1981)
Pretoria: Human Sciences Research Council; South African Institute for Manpower
Research. 51p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Southern Africa, South Africa, technology
transfers, innovation adoption, maize, crop production, labor organization ZA.3.F.3







2865 ALTERNATIVES POUR LA TRANSFORMATION DU MAiS. Muchnik, J.
(1980) Republique Francaise: Ministere de la Coop6ration. (Technologies et
Developpement) 85p. KEYWORDS: Central America, Mexico, agricultural history,
irrigation, consumption, nutrition, technology, technological history, maize MX.3.F.3

2866 COMMUNICATION OF AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION IN SUDANESE
VILLAGES. Nazhat, S.M. (1987) Lexington, Ky.: University of Kentucky, College
of Agriculture, Department of Sociology and International Sorghum/Millet
(INTSORMIL). (Report No. 5; INTSORMIL Contract No. AID/DSAN-G-0149) 51p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Sudan, INTSORMIL, sorghum, millets, hybrids, diffusion of
information, innovation adoption, communication, sesame, seeds, extension, villages,
gender, markets, farmers' attitudes, technology transfers SD.3.F.3

2867 FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE RAPID DEVELOPMENT OF SMALL-
SCALE IRRIGATION SCHEMES ALONG THE SENEGAL RIVER. IN:
Agricultural Administration van der Laan, E. (1984) (Vol.17 p.203-213, 1984) lip.
KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Senegal, rural development, irrigated farming,
irrigation systems, technology transfers, farmers' attitudes, land, labor, income,
institution building, socioeconomic organization, women in agriculture, food production,
rice, innovation adoption, political systems, methodology, small farms HD 1401/.A36

2868 MiCANISMES INFORMELS ET TRANSFER DE TECHNOLOGIES: LE CAS DU
PROJECT PACO EN C6TE D'IVOIRE. Eponou, T. (1990) The Hague:
International Service for National Agricultural Research (ISNAR). (Document de
Discussion sur les Liens No.5f) 14p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Ivory Coast, technology
transfers CI.3.F.3

2869 MODES OF FARMER PARTICIPATION IN FSR/E. Youmans, D. [1986?]* s.l.:
D. Youmans, Extension Specialist, Washington State Univ. FSR Project Lesotho. (at
KSU, located with "Lesotho: Extension from Africa...," No.2273) 8p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, Southern Africa, Lesotho, farmer participation, participatory strategies,
innovation adoption LS.3.E.1.A.BB

2870 RECENT CHANGE IN VILLAGES AND RAINFED AGRICULTURE IN
NORTHERN CENTRAL KORDOFAN: COMMUNICATION PROCESS AND
CONSTRAINTS. Coughenour, C.M. (1985)* Lexington, Ky.: University of
Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Department of Sociology & International
Sorghum/Millet (INTSORMIL). (Report No.4; INTSORMIL Contract No. AID/DSAN-
G-0149) 83p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sudan, INTSORMIL, rain-fed farming, hybrids,
innovation adoption, socioeconomic constraints, sorghum, millets, agricultural
development, seeds, gender, communication, extension, ecology, technology transfers,
diffusion of information, women, recommendations, villages SD.3.F.3








2871 ROLE OF ADAPTIVE RESEARCH IN TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION: THE CASE
OF MANGROVE SWAMP RICE FARMERS OF WEST AFRICA. IN: Appropriate
Technologies for Farmers in Semi-Arid West Africa. H.W. Ohm and J.G. Nagy, eds.
Prakah Asante, K. (1985) West Lafayette, Ind.: Purdue University. (p.145-53) 9p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, semiarid zones, appropriate technology, mangrove
swamps, rice, innovation adoption ++

2872 TECHNOLOGY AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY IN THE SAHEL
Jayne, T.S. (1989) Washington: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research
Service, Resources and Technology Division. (Agricultural Economic Report No.612
(AER-612)) 27p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sahel, arid regions, sustainability,
technological change, technology transfers, tie ridging, animal traction, fertilization, soil
management, water management, productivity, dry farming AFRICA.3.F.3

2873 TESTING OF A -DELIVERY SYSTEM TO TRANSFER AGRICULTURAL
TECHNOLOGY TO SMALL FARMERS IN LDC'S. (Report of the Ghana
Experience) Harris, T.S. (1979)* Prairie View, Tex.: T.S. Harris, College of
Agriculture, Prairie View A & M Univ.. 23p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa,
Ghana, technology transfers, appropriate technology, models, intercropping, on-farm
testing GH.3.F.3

3.F.4 APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY

2874 APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGIES FOR FARMERS IN SEMI-ARID WEST
AFRICA. (Proceedings of a SAFGRAD/OAU/STRC/Farming Systems Unit Workshop)
Ohm, H.W., ed. (1985) West Lafayette, Ind.: Purdue University. (USAID Contract
AFR-C-1472) 359p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Sahel, Sudan, Niger, Nigeria,
Burkina Faso, Senegal, Ghana, SAFGRAD, OAU/STRC, semiarid zones, appropriate
technology, tillage, water management, water conservation, soil conservation, soil
preparation, soil fertility, fertilizer, sorghum, rice, millets, maize, cotton, cereals,
cowpeas, mixed cropping, hybrids, cropping systems, crop production, livestock, animal
traction, tie ridging, planning of research, inputs, economic analysis, small farms ++

2875 EXHAURE PAR TRACTION ANIMAL POUR LE MARAICHAGE:
REALISATION D'UN MANEGE-POMPE A ANE TYPE SAHORES 81. (Rapport
de mission, Janvier 83) Monod, G. (1983)* Verberie, France: Institut Technologique
Dello. 42p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Senegal, Sahel, arid regions, animal power,
pumps, pump technology, technology development SN.3.F.4








2876 FARM LABOR BY AGE AND SEX IN NORTHWESTERN SYRIA:
IMPLICATIONS FOR TWO PROPOSED TECHNOLOGIES. (Draft of paper
presented at the Farming Systems Symposium: Farming Systems Research and
Extension: Management and Methodology, Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, Kan., Oct.
13-16, 1985) Rassam, A. (1985)* Aleppo, Syria: A. Rassam, Social Scientist, Farming
Systems Program, ICARDA, P.O. Box 5466. 20p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Middle East,
Syria, labor, technology, legumes, harvesting, chickpeas, gender analysis, appropriate
technology, households, household labor, technology transfers SY.3.F.4

2877 GENERATING APPROPRIATE MAIZE TECHNOLOGY IN MANGWENDE A
HIGH POTENTIAL COMMUNAL AREA IN ZIMBABWE. (Draft) Shumba, E.
(1985)* [Harare?, Zimbabwe: E. Shumba, Ministry of Agriculture, Dept. of Research
and Specialist Services]. (Working Paper No.l) 43p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
Zimbabwe, maize, appropriate technology, communal tenure, crop production, animal
power, methodology, precipitation, soils, labor ZB.3.F.4

2878 PRODUCTION SYSTEMS IN LOWER CASAMANCE AND STRATEGIES
ADOPTED BY FARMERS FOR THE WATER SHORTAGE. IN: Appropriate
Technologies for Farmers in Semi-Arid West Africa. H. Ohm and J. Nagy, eds.
Posner, J. 1985 W. Lafayette, Ind.: Purdue University. (p.179-203) 25p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Senegal, semiarid zones, appropriate technology, rice, millets,
maize, groundnuts, production systems, drought, cassava, farming systems research,
cultivars, sorghum,.cowpeas, cropping systems, rural development, technology transfers,
on-farm trials, diversification, intensification, land reclamation, climatic factors,
innovation adoption ++

3.F.5 RECOMMENDED TECHNOLOGY

2879 SEMI-ARID FOOD GRAINS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT: PROJECT
EVALUATION. Albert, J. (1984) Washington: U.S. Agency for International
Development, Bureau for Africa. (USAID Project No.698-0393; Includes documents
no. PD-JAC-534 and XD-JAC-534-A) 463p. KEYWORDS: Africa, technology
development, technology transfers, SAFGRAD, small farmers, programs and projects,
USAID, semiarid zones, soil management, varietal improvement, cereals, maize,
sorghum, millets, legumes, legumes -- grain, cowpeas, groundnuts, field tests, staple
crops, information exchange ++


38








HUMAN ELEMENT: ENDOGENOUS FACTORS (HOUSEHOLD)


2880 EMPLOYMENT GENERATED BY PROJECTS OF THE CENTRAL TUNISIA
DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY. Schaefer-Davis, S. (1985) Worcester, Mass.:
Clark Univ.. (Cooperative Agreement on Human Settlements and Natural Resource
Systems Analysis) 128p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Tunisia, farmer groups,
CTDA projects, families, labor, expenditures, income, livestock, marketing, irrigation,
project implementation, business conditions, credit TN.4

2881 HOUSEHOLD REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE PATTERNS IN
SABENEBOUGOU, MALI. (Paper prepared for Workshop on Sahelian Agriculture,
Purdue University, West Lafayette, Ind., May 1980) Ritchie, D.K. (1980)* s.l.: D.
Ritchie. (USAID Contracts AFR-C-1257 & 1258)5p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sahel, Mali,
households, income, economic analysis, expenditures, socioeconomic systems ML.4

2882 RAPPORT DEVALUATION DES IMPACTS SOCIO-ECONOMIQUES DANS LE
PPI DE GARAAT ENNAAM. Larson, B. (1986) Worcester, Mass.: Clark
University. (Cooperative Agreement on Human Settlements and Natural Resource
Systems Analysis) 42p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Tunisia, irrigation, public perimeter
irrigation, USAID, recommendations, popularization, extension, families, living
conditions, labor, revenues, division of labor, women TN.4

2883 SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS AFFECTING DECISIONS OF TRADITIONAL
FARMER ON INVESTMENT IN LIVESTOCK IN SHARKIA GOVERNORATE.
Soliman, I. (1982) Davis, Calif.: Agricultural Development Systems: Egypt Project,
University of California. (Economics Working Paper Series, no.65) 27p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Egypt, traditional farming, livestock, investment, land holdings,
cropping patterns, family labor, family consumption, education, age, family size,
occupation EG.4

2884 UNDERSTANDING AFRICA'S RURAL HOUSEHOLDS AND FARMING
SYSTEMS. Moock, J.L., ed. (1986) Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press. (Westview
Special Studies on Africa) 234p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Botswana, Cameroon, Nigeria,
small farms, households, women, FSR, economic analysis, anthropology, social change,
management, labor, crops, cattle, social structure, sheep, goats, small ruminants,
training, personnel, roles, methodology, policy, productivity HD1476/.A357/U53/1986

2885 WOMEN MADE VISIBLE: THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS TO FARMING SYSTEMS
AND HOUSEHOLD INCOMES IN ZAMBIA AND TANZANIA. Due, J.M.
(1985) Urbana, Ill.: Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Dept. of Agricultural
Economics. (Illinois Agricultural Economics Staff Paper No.85 E-313, Apr. 1985 lip.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Zambia, Tanzania, women in agriculture, households, income,
socioeconomic status, labor, credit, surveys, technology, training AFRICA.4








4A GOALS AND RISKS


2886 RISK AS MEDIUM OF DIFFERENTIATION UNDER UNIMODAL
DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES IN THE SEMI-ARID TROPICS OF WEST
AFRICA. (Draft of paper prepared for presentation to the Society for Economic
.Anthropology, University of California-Riverside, Apr. 3-4, 1987) Carter, M.R. (1987)*
Madison, Wisc.: M.R. Carter, Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Univ. of Wisconsin.
28p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, semiarid tropics, risks, development
planning, growth, socioeconomic analysis AFRICA.4.A

2887 RISK BEARING BY SMALL FARMERS IN ABDA REGION OF SAFI PROVINCE,
MOROCCO DURING THE 1985-86 CROP YEAR. Rafsnider, G. (1988) Settat,
Morocco: MidAmerica International Agricultural Consortium-Morocco Project
Aridoculture Center. (MIAC Agric. Econ. Info. Rpt. No. 9) 5p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, Morocco, risks, crops, crop production variabilities, methodology, cereals,
legumes, land, data MA.4.A

4.B ECONOMIC INPUTS

2888 COLONIZACI6N Y DEFORESTACI6N EN AMiRICA CENTRAL: DISCUSI6N
SOBRE MATERIAS DE DESARROLLO. Collins, J.L. (1986) Worcester, Mass.:
Clark University and Institute for Development Anthropology, Binghamton, N.Y..
(Cooperative Agreement on Human Settlements and Natural Resource Systems
Analysis; Working Paper No.31; also in english, see "Settlement and Deforestation...")
39p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, settlement, deforestation, labor,
infrastructure development, policy, land use, land tenure, land tenancy, resource control
LATIN AMERICA.4.B

2889 ENTERPRISE BUDGETS FOR CEREALS PRODUCED BY FARMERS WHO
OWNED TRACTORS AND OPERATED BETWEEN 10 AND 250 HECTARES IN
THE ABDA REGION OF SAFI PROVINCE, MOROCCO DURING THE 1985-86
CROPPING YEAR. Rafsnider, G. (1987) Lincoln, Neb.: University of Nebraska.
(Morocco Dryland Agriculture Applied Research Program under USAID Project No.
608-0136, Agricultural Economics Bulletin Number 1) 21p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
Morocco, enterprise budgets, cereals, tractors, barley, maize, hard wheat, wheat,
technical production, farmer surveys, operating costs, revenues, capital, tillage,
fertilization, planting, crop husbandry, harvesting, storage MA.4.B








2890 ENTERPRISE BUDGETS FOR CEREALS PRODUCED BY FARMERS WHO
RENTED TRACTOR SERVICES AND OPERATED LESS THAN TEN HECTARES
IN THE ABDA REGION OF SAFI PROVINCE, MOROCCO DURING THE 1985-
86 CROPPING YEAR. (Research carried out as part of the Morocco Dryland
Agriculture Applied Research Program under USAID Project No.608-0136 Rafsnider,
G. (1987) Lincoln, Neb.: G. T. Rafsnider, Assoc. Professor, Univ. of Nebraska and
MIAC Agricultural Economist. (Agricultural Economics Bulletin No.5) 13p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Morocco, arid regions, evaluation, cereals, barley,
maize, wheat, enterprise budgets, surveys--short term, statistical analysis MA.4.B

2891 ENTERPRISE BUDGETS FOR CEREALS PRODUCED BY FARMERS WHO
RENTED TRACTOR SERVICES AND OPERATED BETWEEN TEN AND
THIRTY HECTARES IN THE ABDA REGION OF SAFI PROVINCE, MOROCCO
DURING THE 1985-86 CROPPING YEAR. Rafsnider, G. (1987) Lincoln, Neb.:
University of Nebraska. (Morocco Dryland Agriculture Applied Research Program
under USAID Project No. 608-1036, Agricultural Economics Bulletin Number 3) 16p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Morocco, crop enterprise budgets, cereals, tractors, barley,
maize, wheat, technical production, production, tillage, planting, crop husbandry,
cultivation, harvesting, storage, revenues MA.4.B

2892 ENTERPRISE BUDGETS FOR FOOD LEGUMES PRODUCED BY FARMERS
WHO RENTED TRACTOR SERVICES AND OPERATED LESS THAN TEN
HECTARES IN THE ABDA REGION OF SAFI PROVINCE, MOROCCO DURING
THE 1985-86 CROPPING YEAR. Rafsnider, G. (1987) Lincoln, Neb.: University
of Nebraska. (Morocco Dryland Agriculture Applied Research Program under USAID
Project No. 608-0136, Agricultural Economics Bulletin Number 6) 15p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, Morocco, crop enterprise budgets, legumes, tractors, chickpeas, faba beans,
lentils, peas, technical production, surveys, operating costs, tillage, planting, crop
husbandry, cultivation, harvesting, storage, revenues MA.4.B

2893 ENTERPRISE BUDGETS FOR FOOD LEGUMES PRODUCED BY FARMERS
WHO RENTED TRACTORS AND OPERATED BETWEEN 10 AND 250
HECTARES IN THE ABDA REGION OF SAFI PROVINCE, MOROCCO DURING
THE 1985-86 CROPPING YEAR. Rafsnider, G. (1987) Lincoln, Neb.: University
of Nebraska. (Morocco Dryland Agriculture Applied Research Program under USAID
Project No. 608-0136, Agricultural Economics Bulletin Number 2) 21p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, Morocco, enterprise budgets, legumes, tractors, chickpeas, faba beans, peas,
lentils, technical production, farmer surveys, operating costs, revenues, capital, tillage,
cultivation, planting, crop husbandry, harvesting, storage MA.4.B







2894 ENTERPRISE BUDGETS FOR FOOD LEGUMES PRODUCED BY FARMERS
WHO RENTED TRACTORS AND OPERATED BETWEEN TEN AND THIRTY
HECTARES IN THE ABDA REGION OF SAFI PROVINCE, MOROCCO DURING
THE 1985-86 CROPPING YEAR. Rafsnider, G. (1987) Lincoln, Neb.: University
of Nebraska. (Morocco Dryland Agriculture Applied Research Program under USAID
Project No. 608-0136, Agricultural Economics Bulletin Number 4) 15p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, Morocco, enterprise budgets, legumes, tractors, chickpeas, faba beans, peas,
lentils, technical production, farmer surveys, operating costs, revenues, capital, tillage,
cultivation, planting, crop husbandry, harvesting, storage MA.4.B

2895 GUIDE GENERAL POUR L'EVALUATION DES COURTS DES ANIMAUX ET
PRODUITS ANIMAUX. Driouchi, A. (1988)* Settat, Morocco: Centre Regional
de la Recherche Agronomique de la Chaouia Abda et Doukkala. (Guide Numero 2
Pour L'Analyse en Economie Rurale; Working Paper, January, 1988; USAID Project
No. 608-0136) 35p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Morocco, production costs,
livestock production, animal products, economic evaluation MA.4.B

2896 GUIDE GENERAL POUR L'EVALUATION DES COURTS DE PRODUCTION DES
CULTURES. Driouchi, A. (1988)* Settat, Morocco: Centre Regional de la
Recherche Agronomique de la Chaouia Abda et Doukkala. (Guide Numero 1 Pour
L'Analyse en Economie Rurale; Working Paper, January, 1988; USAID Project No.
608-0136) 38p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Morocco, production costs, crop
production, economic evaluation MA.4.B

2897 HOUSEHOLD DYNAMICS AND THE ORGANIZATION OF PRODUCTION IN
CENTRAL TUNISIA. Salem-Murdock, M. (1986) Worcester, Mass.: Clark
University. (Cooperative Agreement on Human Settlements and Natural Resource
Systems Analysis) 81p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Tunisia, households,
irrigation, farming systems, labor, agricultural productivity, inter-household research,
intra-household research, land, water, capital, livestock, kinship, tribal affiliation, social
status, political position, marketing, production strategies TN.4.B

2898 LESOTHO FARMING SYSTEMS: A CLOSER LOOK AT WOMEN FARM
MANAGERS AND THE PROBLEMS OF SUBSISTENCE PRODUCTION. (Paper
presented at the Eleventh International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological
Sciences, Vancouver, British Columbia, Aug. 21, 1983) Butler, L.M. (1983)* Puyallup,
Wash.: L.M. Butler, Dept. of Rural Sociology and Extension Anthropology, Washington
State Univ.. 21p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Southern Africa, Lesotho, women in
agriculture, management, subsistence farming, socioeconomic status, land, labor, animal
traction, migration, baseline data LS.4.B








2899 SETTLEMENT AND DEFORESTATION IN CENTRAL AMERICA: A
DISCUSSION OF DEVELOPMENT ISSUES. Collins, J.L. (1986) Worcester,
Mass.: Clark University and Institute for Development Anthropology, Binghamton,
N.Y.. (Cooperative Agreement on Human Settlements and Natural Resource Systems
Analysis; Working Paper No.31; also in spanish, see "Colonizaci6n y Deforestaci6n...")
36p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, settlement, deforestation, labor,
infrastructure development, policy, land use, land tenure, land tenancy, resource control
LATIN AMERICA.4.B

2900 SIGNIFICANCE OF DISTANCE CONSTRAINTS IN PEASANT FARMING
SYSTEMS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA.
McCall, M.K. [1985?]* Enschede, Netherlands: M.K. McCall, Twente University of
Technology, Technology and Development Group. 41p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
farming systems, work studies, time allocation, geography, geographical distribution,
distance travelled, constraints, women, labor, planning, settlements, intensification
AFRICA.4.B

2901 SUMMARY OF THE FOUR PRINCIPAL CEREAL AND FOUR PRINCIPAL
FOOD LEGUME PRODUCTION COSTS PER QUINTAL FOR EACH OF THE
THREE CLASSES OF FARMERS IN ABDA REGION OF SAFI PROVINCE,
MOROCCO DURING THE 1985-86 CROP YEAR. Rafsnider, G.T. (1988)*
[Settat, Morocco?: G.T. Rafsnider, Assoc. Professor, Univ. of Nebraska and MIAC
Agricultural Economist]. (Agricultural Economics Bulletin No. 7; Research carried out
as part of the Morocco Dryland Agriculture Applied Research Program under USAID
Project No. 608-0136) 14p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Morocco, cereals,
legumes, production costs, food production MA.4.B

2902 TRACTOR OWNER OPERATING CAPITAL AND LABOR REQUIREMENTS
FOR CEREAL PRODUCTION IN ABDA REGION OF SAFI PROVINCE.
Rafsnider, G. (1987) Settat, Morocco: MidAmerica International Agricultural
Consortium-Morocco Project Aridoculture Center. (MIAC Agric. Econ. Info. Rpt. No.
7) 4p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Morocco, Safi province, tractors, mechanization, capital,
labor, cereal production, technology, dryland agricultural research, tillage, fertilization,
planting, crop husbandry, cultivation, harvesting, storage MA.4.B

2903 VARIABLE COSTS OF PRODUCTION FOR CEREAL AND FOOD LEGUME
CROPS IN ABDA REGION OF SAFI PROVINCE. Rafsnider, G. 1987* Settat,
Morocco: G. Rafsnider, MIAC-Morocco Project, Aridoculture Center. (MIAC Agric.
Econ. Info. Rpt. No.8) 3p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Morocco, Safi province, production
costs, cereals, legumes, economic analysis MA.4.B







4.B.1 LAND


2904 FACTORS INFLUENCING THE REDUCTION OF MAIZE ACREAGE ON SWAZI
NATION LAND. IN: Agricultural Administration and Extension Sithole, V.M.
(1987) (Vol.27 p.201-213, 1987) 13p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Swaziland, maize, land
tenure, farmers' attitudes, food production, production costs, self sufficiency, national
programs and projects, labor, land use, markets, policy HD1401/.A36

2905 LAND TENURE AND TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS IN THE ETHIOPIAN
HIGHLANDS. (Draft prepared for the ARPT/CIMMYT Workshop on the Role of
Rural Sociology in Farming Systems Research, Lusaka, Zambia, Nov. 27-29,1984)
Whalen, I.T. (1984)* s.l.: I.T. Whalen. 14p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Ethiopia, land
tenure, ILCA, rural organization, land use, appropriate technology, livestock, rural
sociology, planning of research, forage crops, problem identification, animal production,
mixed farming, cooperatives, peasant farming, innovation adoption ET.4.B.1

4.B.2 LABOR MANAGEMENT

2906 PROBLEMATIQUE D'UN THEME TECHNIQUE AGRICOLE: LE LABOR DE
FIN DE CYCLE AVEC ENFOUISSEMENT DES PAILLES. (Seminaire sur les
technologies combines dans l'ecosyst6me Sahelien du 4 au 14 Janvier 1977 a Dakar)
Faye, J. (1977)* Bambey, Senegal: J. Faye, Centre National de Recherches
Agronomiques. (Delegation Generale a la Recherche Scientifique et Technique 10p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Senegal, arid regions, Sahel, problem identification, labor, labor
allocation, labor requirements, mechanization, seasonal labor SN.4.B.2

4.C ECONOMIC OUTPUT

2907 SOCIO-ECONOMIC DETERMINANTS OF FOOD CONSUMPTION AND
PRODUCTION IN RURAL SIERRA LEONE: APPLICATION OF AN
AGRICULTURAL HOUSEHOLD MODEL WITH SEVERAL COMMODITIES.
Strauss, J (1983) East Lansing, Mich.: Michigan State University, Department of
Agricultural Economics. (MSU International Development Paper No. 5, 1983) 91p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Sierra Leone, food consumption, households, nutrition,
sociology, demand, production, household consumption, models, income, commodities
SL.4.C








4.C.2 FOOD


2908 RAINY SEASON FOOD CONSUMPTION SURVEY IN THE MIDDLE VALLEY
BETWEEN PODOR AND MATAM, SENEGAL IN: Farming Systems Research
Along the Senegal River Valley Stone, P. (1987) Tucson, Ariz.: University of
Arizona, College of Agriculture, Office of Arid Lands Study. (Report No.2, Jan. 1987;
Senegal Agricultural Research Project II) 70p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Senegal,
USAID, food, food consumption, food preferences, food distribution and marketing,
seasonality, food storage, gathering, women in agriculture, surveys, food habits,
socioeconomic organization, arid regions ++

5 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

2909 1986 GAMBIA/WEST AFRICA FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH/ EXTENSION
(FSR/E) WORKSHOP: DIAGNOSIS, DESIGN AND ANALYSIS. Caldwell, J.
(1986)* Blacksburg, Va.: J. Caldwell, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State
University. 26p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Gambia, extension, surveys,
sondeos, problem identification, project design, programs and projects, analysis, training,
agricultural research, planning of research, models GM.5

2910 AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS RESEARCH: WHAT IS IT AND WILL IT
INCREASE SUSTAINABILITY?. (Lecture presented in Issues in Agricultural and
Life Sciences Spring Lecture Series, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, Univ.
of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, Apr. 7, 1988) Francis, C.A. (1988) Lincoln, Neb.:
Univ. of Nebraska, Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Agriculture and Natural
Resources, Dept. of Agronomy. 12p. KEYWORDS: sustainability, research, farming
systems theory, methodology, technology, extension, information exchange 5

2911 BURKINA FASO: A CASE STUDY OF THE PURDUE UNIVERSITY/SAFGRAD
FARMING SYSTEMS PROJECT. Nagy, J. West Lafayette, Ind.: Purdue
University. (FSSP Case Studies Project and Population Council, USAID Contract
AFR-C-1472) 90p. KEYWORDS: West Africa, Burkina Faso, SAFGRAD Farming
Systems Project, programs and projects, physical features, climate, demography, regions,
economy, food security, policy, research institutes, farming systems, methodology,
problem identification, objectives, cropping decisions, marketing decisions, production
constraints, research technology, experimentation, monitoring, socioeconomic conditions,
evaluation, modification, recommendations, farmer-managed trials, sorghum, tie ridging,
fertilization, millets, volta phosphate ++








2912 CONTRIBUTION A L-'TUDE DES SYSTiMES DE PRODUCTION EN
RiPUBLIQUE CENTRAFRICAINE: FAISABILITE DE INTRODUCTION DE LA
MOTORISATION INTERMIDIAIRE SUR UNE EXPLOITATION. IN: Cotton et
Fibres Tropicales Dubernard, J. (1981) (Vol.36 fasc.3, p.209-25, 1981) 17p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Central African Republic, mechanization, cropping systems, crop
production, cotton, maize, groundnuts, rice, management, production costs, cash flows
CF.5

2913 CRITERIA FOR RE-APPRAISAL AND RE-DESIGN: INTRA-HOUSEHOLD AND
BETWEEN-HOUSEHOLD ASPECTS OF FSRE IN THREE KENYAN
AGROFORESTRY PROJECTS. (Paper presented at the Farming Systems Research
and Extension Symposium, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, Oct. 7-10,
1984) Rocheleau, D.E. (1984)* [Nairobi: D.E. Rocheleau, International Center for
Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF)]. 66p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya,
agroforestry, methodology, ICRAF, case studies, on-farm trials, households, evaluation,
project design,. problem identification KE.5

2914 CROP PRODUCTION IN ABDA MOROCCOO). Primov, G. (1987) Settat,
Morocco: INRA/MIAC. (Morocco Dryland Agriculture Applied Research Program
under USAID Project No. 608-0136) 64p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Morocco, crop
production, methodology, farm size, soils, equipment, labor, rotations, barley, durum
wheat, bread wheat, maize, tillage, planting dates, planting methods, cropping patterns,
seeds, fertilizers, weeds, harvesting, yields MA.5

2915 DEVELOPMENTS IN PROCEDURES FOR FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH.
Sukmana, S. (ed.) (1989) Jakarta, Indonesia: Agency for Agricultural Research and
Development. 411p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Pacific, Indonesia, on-farm research, FSR,
agroforestry, horticulture, livestock, cropping systems, methodology, sustainability,
extension, communication, institutionalization ++

2916 EXPLOITATION AGRICOLE FAMILIALE EN AFRIQUE SOUDANO-
SAHELIENNE. Benoit-Cattin, M. (1982) Paris: Agence de Cooperation Culturelle
et Technique; Presses Universitaires de France. 94p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sahel,
Sudan, FSR, production, social structure, socioeconomic analysis
HD1476/.S38/.B4/1982

2917 FARMING SYSTEMS APPROACH TO RESEARCH IN THEORY AND
PRACTICE. Norman, D.W. (1985)* s.l.: D.W. Norman, Agricultural Technology
Improvement Project (ATIP) Botswana. (Apr. 14, 1985; USAID Doc. No.PN-AAT-
794) 37p. KEYWORDS: FSR, methodology, research, extension, problem
identification, technology design, trials, technology transfers, on-farm testing 5








2918 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH UNIT IN BURKINA FASO: 1984 ANNUAL
REPORT. Ohm, H. (1985) West Lafayette, Ind.: Purdue University. (Semi-Arid
Food Grain Research and Development Program, Contract AFR-C-1472) 123p.
KEYWORDS: West Africa, Burkina Faso, crop conditions, tie ridging, fertilizers,
sorghum, maize, volta phosphate, millets, participatory strategies, trials, maize-cowpea
relay, millet-cowpea association, manure, sorghum, varieties, socioeconomic conditions,
credit, informal credit, farmer lending, farmer borrowing, cost, capital, land tenure,
stocks, cereal consumption, cereal purchases, technology transfers ++

2919 GUiAS PARA LA FASE DE DIAGN6STICO DE LA INVESTIGACI6N EN FINCAS
CON SORGO, PARA LOS SISTEMAS DE PRODUCCI6N LATINOAMERICANOS.
(Trabajo presentado durante el taller de INTSORMIL sobre "Sorgo y Mijo en los
Sistemas de Producci6n Latinoamericanos," Mexico, Sep. 1984) Tripp, R. (1984)*
s.l.: R. Tripp, CIMMYT Economics Program. 21p. KEYWORDS: Latin America,
problem identification, sorghum, crop production, production systems LATIN
AMERICA.5

2920 LINKING FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH/EXTENSION (FSR/E) AND
COMMODITY RESEARCH: FSR/E TEAM IDENTIFICATION OF
HORTICULTURAL RESEARCH PRIORITIES. Caldwell, J. [1987?]* Blacksburg,
Va.: J. Caldwell, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 26p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Gambia, extension, surveys, baseline data, interviews,
horticultural crops, commodities, on-farm trials, methodology, marketing,
multidisciplinary research, problem identification, commodity research GM.5

2921 LISTENING ABILITIES AND THE COMMUNICATION OF INFORMATION
AMONG GROUPS OF AGRICULTURAL EXPERTS IN COUNTRIES OF SOUTH
AMERICA. Rincon, H. (1987)* Lima: H. Rincon, International Potato Center
(CIP). 14p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, communication,
information exchange, extension, education LATIN AMERICA.5

2922 OVERVIEW OF SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE. (Presented at Sustainable
Agriculture in the Midwest, North Central Regional Conference, Lincoln, Nebraska,
Mar. 22, 1988) Francis, C.A. (1988) Lincoln, Neb.: Univ. of Nebraska, Cooperative
Extension Service, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Dept. of Agronomy.
(to locate at KSU see Francis, "Agricultural Systems Research...") 6p. KEYWORDS:
sustainability, research, methodology, environment, technology 5







2923 REPORT ON THE PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES OF FARMING SYSTEMS
RESEARCH USED BY THE FARMING SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT PROJECT.
Lightfoot, C. (1986) [Tacloban, Leyte, Philippines: Ministry of Agriculture, Region
VIII]. (Farming Systems Development Project, Eastern Visayas; Report No.42, Apr.
1986) 62p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Pacific, Philippines, methodology, on-farm testing,
statistical analysis, national programs and projects, soil fertility PH.5

2924 RESEARCH AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE. (Presented at
Sustainable Agriculture in the Midwest, North Central Regional Conference, Lincoln,
Nebraska, Mar. 22, 1988) Francis, C.A. (1988) Lincoln, Neb.: Univ. of Nebraska,
Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Dept.
of Agronomy. (to locate at KSU see Francis, "Agricultural Systems Research...") 7p.
KEYWORDS: sustainability, research, farming systems theory, on-farm research,
recommendation domains, methodology, technology, extension 5

2925 STRATEGIES FOR PLANNING, MANAGING AND IMPLEMENTING FARMING
SYSTEM RESEARCH IN THE HUMID TROPICS. Agboola, A.A. [1984?]*
Ibadan, Nigeria: A.A. Agboola, University of Ibadan, Department of Agronomy.
21p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, humid tropics, planning of research, policy,
problem identification, solution design, methodology, food production, objectives,
technology transfers, innovation adoption, appropriate technology, cropping systems, soil
fertility, conservation, management, participation AFRICA.5

2926 SUSTAINING FOOD, INCOME, AND FAMILIES: FUTURE PERSPECTIVES ON
LOW-INPUT AGRICULTURE. (Paper presented at the Farming Systems
Research/Extension Symposium, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas, Oct. 10,
1988) Francis, C.A. (1988) Lincoln, Neb.: Univ. of Nebraska, Cooperative Extension
Service, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Dept. of Agronomy. (to locate
at KSU see Francis, "Agricultural Systems Research...") 8p. KEYWORDS:
sustainability, research, methodology, technology, extension, information exchange 5

2927 USING MODELS TO EXPLORE FARMING ALTERNATIVES. IN:
Agrotechnology Transfer Thornton, P.K. (1990) (No.ll p.1 & 6-9, May 1990) 5p.
KEYWORDS: models, cropping systems, GIS, alternative farming 5

5A SURVEY TECHNIQUES (DESCRIPTIVE AND DIAGNOSTIC METHODS)

2928 FSR GAINS A FOOTHOLD IN THE GAMBIA. IN: FSSP Farming Systems Support
Project Newsletter Russo, S. (1984) (Vol.2 no.3, p.9-10, 1984) 2p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, Gambia, FSSP, programs and projects, methodology, mixed farming, sondeos,
surveys GM.5.A








2929 IS IT THE HOUSEHOLD OR THE HOMESTEAD THAT IS THE BASIC UNIT
FOR RESEARCH?: SOME CONSIDERATIONS ON DATA COLLECTION
METHODOLOGY IN RURAL SWAZILAND. (Paper presented at Workshop on the
Role of Rural Sociology in Farming Systems Research, Lusaka, Zambia, Nov. 27, 1984)
Simelane, F. (1984)* s.l.: s.n.. 7p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Swaziland, baseline
data, households, homesteads, sociological analysis, rural sociology, anthropology,
extension, methodology, interviewing, small farms, socioeconomic organization, surveys
SZ.5.A

2930 METHODOLOGY FOR CONDUCTING RECONNAISSANCE SURVEYS IN
AFRICA. IN: Farming Systems Newsletter Frankenberger, T. (1986) (No.25 p.11-
27, Apr.-June 1986) 17p. KEYWORDS: Africa, surveys--short term, methodology,
sondeos, interviews, rapid rural appraisal AFRICA.5.A .

2931 MOROCCO: APPLIED RESEARCH PROGRAMS FOR DRYLAND FARMING.
(1985) Lincoln, Neb.: Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of
Nebraska. (Report to the Agency for International Development, Department of State,
MidAmerica International Agricultural Consortium (MIAC) Project 608-0136, Contract
Number AID/NE-C-1666) 30p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Morocco, dry farming,
programs and projects, cereal agronomy, forage agronomy, soil management, soil
fertility, cereal breeding, weed science, pest control, station management, equipment,
social science, recommendations, seeding, livestock, water conservation MA.5.A

2932 RURAL SOCIOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY GENERATION FOR SUBSISTENCE
FARMING SYSTEMS: A ZAMBIAN EXAMPLE. (Paper prepared for
ARPT/CIMMYT Rural Sociology Networkshop, Lusaka, Zambia, Nov. 27-29, 1984)
Sutherland, A.J. (1984)* Lusaka, Zambia: A.J. Sutherland, Ministry of Agriculture
and Water Development, Mount Makulu Central Research Station. 22p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Zambia, rural sociology, subsistence farming, farmers' attitudes,
appropriate technology, communities, sociological analysis, surveys, ethnic groups, maize,
millets, sorghum, draught animals, methodology, baseline data, problem identification
ZM.5.A

5.B DESIGN OF IMPROVED TECHNOLOGY

2933 DESARROLLO DE TECNOLOGiA PARA SISTEMAS DE PRODUCCI6N
AGRfCOLA: ENFOQUE METODOL6GICO Y APLICACI6N. Escobar, G.
(1984)* Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agron6mico Tropical de Investigaci6n y
Enseiianza (CATIE). 38p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America,
Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Panama, technology
development, production, methodology LATIN AMERICA.5.B







2934 EVALUATION OF POLICY IMPACTS AT THE ABDA REGION LEVEL OF SAFI
PROVINCE. Rafsnider, G. (1988) Settat, Morocco: MidAmerica International
Agricultural Consortium-Morocco Project Aridoculture Center. (MIAC Agric. Econ.
Info. Rpt. No. 10) 8p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Morocco, Safi province, policy, case
studies, methodology, linear models, insect resistance, fertilizers, policy changes, wheat,
data MA.5.B

5.C TESTING

2935 ANALYSIS DE RIESGO EN EL CONTEXT DE LA INVESTIGATION EN
FINCAS DE AGRICULTORES. (Trabajo presentado ante la Conferencia Sobre
Sorgo y Mijo en los Sistemas de Produccian Latinoamericanos Sain, G.E. (1984)*
s.l.: G.E. Sain, CIMMYT Economics Program. 36p. KEYWORDS: risk analysis,
sorghum, environmental factors, testing, evaluation, technology analysis, production
systems 5.C

2936 CONSIDERATIONS ECONOMIQUES LIEES AUX EXPERIMENTATION CHEZ
LES AGRICULTEURS. Driouchi, A. (1988)* [Meknes, Morocco?: A. Driouchi?,
Professor, Department D'Economie Rurale, Ecole Nationale D'Agriculture]. (Guide
Numero 4 Pour L'Analyse en Economie Rurale; Working Paper, February, 1988; poor
photocopy) 11p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Morocco, trials, economic
evaluation MA.5.C

2937 ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE OF TEN DURUM WHEAT VARIETIES IN GRAIN
PRODUCTION IN THE 1984-85 CROP YEAR. Rafsnider, G. (1986) Settat,
Morocco: MidAmerica International Agricultural Consortium-Morocco Project
Aridoculture Center. (MIAC Agric. Econ. Info. Rpt. No. 1) 3p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, Morocco, durum wheat, grain production, plant breeding, MIAC-INRA study,
statistics, dryland production, research, economic analysis, risks, fertilizer MA.5.C

2938 EVALUACION AGRONOMICA DE ENSAYOS A NIVEL DE FINCA. (Preparado
para el taller sobre Sistemas Agricolas del Programa de Sorgos y Mijos en
Latinoamarica, CIMMYT, Sep. 17-21, 1984) Woolley, J. (1984)* Cali, Colombia:
J. Woolley, Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT). 32p.
KEYWORDS: on-farm testing, evaluation, experimental design 5.C

2939 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT. (Report Der Season
1983) Lindsay, B.W. [1983]* s.l.: B.W. Lindsay. 27p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
Somalia, target selection, methodology, farmer testing, on-farm trials, baseline data,
surveys, extension, farming systems research, planning of research, seed testing, problem
identification, development projects SO.5.C








2940 ON-FARM RESEARCH IN SWAZILAND: RESPONSES TO UNIQUE FARM
PRESSURES. (Paper prepared for Farming Systems Research Symposium, Kansas
State University, Manhattan, Kansas, Oct. 18-21, 1987) Dlamini, S.M. (1987)*
Mbabane, Swaziland: S.M. Dlamini, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives,
Swaziland Cropping System and Extension Training Project. 9p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, Swaziland, national programs and projects, objectives, problem identification,
on-farm testing, planning of research, food production, extension, technology transfers,
personnel, training, diffusion of information, coordination, methodology SZ.5.C

2941 PRODUCER EVALUATION OF SEED DRILLING. Herzenni, A. [1987?]* s.l.:
A. Herzenni. 3p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Morocco, on-farm trials,
sowing methods, evaluation MA.5.C

2942 PRODUCER EVALUATION OF IMPROVED BARLEY (TAMALLALT 1703).
Herzenni, A. [1988?]* s.l.: A. Herzenni. 4p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa,
Morocco, barley, on-farm trials, evaluation, hybrids, project design MA.5.C

2943 PRODUCER EVALUATION OF TRITICALE JUANILLO 97. (Transect Study)
Primov, G. [1988?]* s.l.: G. Primov. 7p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa,
Morocco, cereals, triticale, evaluation, on-farm trials, cropping systems, hybrids, project
design MA.5.C

2944 PRODUCER EVALUATION OF TRITICALE JUANILLO 97. Primov, G.
[1988?]* s.l.: G. Primov. (Abda Study, Second Year) 7p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
North Africa, Morocco, cereals, triticale, evaluation, on-farm trials, cropping systems,
hybrids, project design MA.5.C

2945 PRODUCER EVALUATION OF BREAD WHEAT SD 8036. Primov, G. [1988?]*
s.l.: G. Primov. 4p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Morocco, wheat,
evaluation, project design, hybrids, Hessian fly, on-farm trials MA.5.C

5.D FSR METHODOLOGY EXTENSION AND TRANSFER

2946 CONTRIBUTION A L'ANALYSE DE QUELQUES ASPECTS
METHODOLOGIQUES DE LA RECHERCHE SUR LES RELATIONS
AGRICULTURE ELEVAGE. (L'experience de la D.R.S.P.R. en Zone Mali-Sud)
Berthe, A. [1985?]* [Bamako, Mali?: A. Berthe, Zootechnicien, Division de
Recherches sur les Systemes de Production Rurale, Institut d'Economie Rurale,
Minister de l'Agriculture]. 22p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Mali,
methodology, livestock production, pastoralism, cultural environment ML.5.D








2947 NILE VALLEY PROJECT: A MODEL OF COOPERATION BETWEEN
INTERNATIONAL AND NATIONAL PROGRAMS IN RESEARCH AND
EXTENSION. (Paper presented at the Fourth Annual Farming Systems Research and
Extension Symposium, Kansas State University, October 7-10, 1984) Hawtin, G. C.
(1984) G. C. Hawtin: International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas
(ICARDA), Aleppo, Syria. 15p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Nile Valley,
Sudan, Egypt, ICARDA, Nile Valley Project, faba beans, cropping systems, extension,
project implementation, budget formulation, project design, monitoring, extension, cost
effectiveness Africa.5.D

2948 ON FARM TRIALS 1977/79. IN: Studies of Farming Systems in Syria, 1977-79
(1980) Norwich, England: ICARDA Farming Systems Research Programme, Overseas
Development Group, Univ. of East Anglia. (Manuals and Reports in Development
Studies Vol.4 no.10; originally produced as ICARDA Research.Report No. 8) 82p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, Middle East, Syria, farming systems research, FSR, on-farm
research, wheat, fertilizers, nitrogen ++

2949 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR A STRENGTHENED AGRICULTURAL
EXTENSION PROGRAM IN EGYPT. (1981) Washington, D. C.: U. S. Agency
for International Development. (Increasing Agricultural Production Through More
Effective Use of Technology) 55p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Egypt,
extension, agricultural history, agricultural production, rural life, technology application,
natural resources, human resources, institutional resources, recommendations,
environment, nutrition, families, women EG.5.D

2950 RESEARCH AND EXTENSION LINKAGE THE CASE OF KENYA. (Paper
presented at the Farming Systems Research and Extension Symposium, Kansas State
University, Manhattan, Kansas, Oct. 7-10, 1984) Anandajayasekeram, P. (1984)*
Nairobi: P. Anandajayasekeram, International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center
(CIMMYT) Eastern African Economics Program. 20p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East
Africa, Kenya, extension, technology transfers, on-farm research, recommendations
KE.5.D

2951 SCIENTIFIC REVIEW PANEL REPORT, INRA-MIAC, 4-8 MAY, 1987. (1987)
Settat, Morocco: Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique. (Dryland Farming
Applied Research Project, INRA-MIAC, Programme Aridoculture, USAID Project No.
608-0136) 23p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Morocco, INRA-MIAC research, cereal
production, soil management, crop management, fertilizer application, weed control,
crop physiology, cereal agronomy, farm research strategy, technology transfers, feed
supply, livestock, rotations, cropping systems MA.5.D








2952 WOMEN FARMERS AND FOOD IN AFRICA: SOME CONSIDERATIONS AND
SUGGESTED SOLUTIONS. IN: Food in Sub-Saharan Africa Spring, A. (1986)
Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc.. (p.332-48) 17p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, women in agriculture, food production, rural women, roles, households, problem
identification, women in development, labor, division of labor, small farms, land tenure,
migration, livestock, food supply, income, diffusion of information, curriculum,
technology transfers, programs and projects, extension, credit, training, inputs, woman's
status, policy, baseline data, capital, appropriate technology, food crops, small ruminants
HD9017/.S82/F66/1986

5.E SYSTEMS ANALYSIS

2953 INTEGRATING LIVESTOCK INTO FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH: AN
EXAMPLE FROM NORTH KORDOFAN, SUDAN. IN: Human Organization
Frankenberger, T.R. (1986) (Vol.45 no.3 p.228-238, Fall 1986) 11p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, Sudan, Sahel, INTSORMIL, farming systems research, tenure systems, grazing
tenancy, livestock, economic analysis, desertification, animal husbandry, mixed farming,
resources, resource conservation, environmental factors, range management;
cooperation, farmers' attitudes, systems analysis GN1/.H83

2954 LAND EVALUATION AND FARMING SYSTEMS ANALYSIS FOR LAND USE
PLANNING. Fresco, L. (1990) Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the
U.N. (FAO). (FAO Guidelines: Working Document) 208p. KEYWORDS: land
evaluation, land use planning, farming systems, analysis, food supply, Sri Lanka, regional
planning, LEFSA, socioeconomic conditions, agro-ecological zonation, FSR,
optimization, data collection, data interpretation, relational data bases, GIS, models,
linear programming, expert systems, planning limitations, Indonesia, surveys ++

2955 PROPOSITION D'UN PROGRAMME NATIONAL A LONG TERME DE
RECHERCHE AGRICOLE. IN: Programme de Developpement de la Recherche
Agricole en Tunisie Tunisia, Ministry of Agriculture. (1987) The Hague:
International Service for National Agricultural Research. (Vol.3) 126p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, Tunisia, development programs, agricultural research, national programs and
projects, planning, territorial allotments, technology, program implementation, five-
year plans, investment, cereals, legumes, industries--cultural, markets--cultural,
vegetables, arboriculture, irrigation, machinery TN.5.E







2956 RESEARCH ON THE RURAL ECONOMIES OF SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA: A
CRITICAL SURVEY. Eicher, C.K. (1982) East Lansing, Mich.: Michigan State
Univ., Dept. of Agricultural Economics. (MSU International Development Papers, 1)
335p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sahel, history, policy, agricultural economics, models,
programs and projects, small farms, prices, marketing, economic analysis, land tenure,
labor, surveys, technology, crops, soil fertility, fertilizers, cropping systems, irrigation,
mechanization, extension, FSR, animal traction, livestock production, animal husbandry,
trade, credit, consumption, storage, nutrition, cooperatives, migration, employment,
planning of research, women in development, industry, fisheries, evaluation, objectives
HD2117/.E36/1982

2957 WHAT KIND OF FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH? SOME ALTERNATIVE
MODELS AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS FOR THE FARMING SYSTEMS
IMPROVEMENT PROJECT (FSIP) OF RWANDA. Voth, D.E. [1987?]*
Fayetteville, Ark.: D.E. Voth, Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology,
Univ. of Arkansas. 17p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Rwanda, models, FSIP, evaluation,
research philosophy, methodology RW.5.E

6 INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS IN IMPLEMENTATION OF FARMING
SYSTEMS RESEARCH

2958 1988 SCIENTIFIC REVIEW INRA/MIAC. (1988)* Settat, Morocco: MidAmerica
International Agricultural Consortium-Morocco Project Aridoculture Center. 5p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Morocco, programs and projects, national
programs and projects, dry farming, project design, evaluation, agricultural research
MA.6

2959 ADJUSTING THE INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF RISK AND
UNCERTAINTY: IMPLICATIONS FOR AGRICULTURAL POLICY IN MALAWI.
IN: Agricultural Administration Phiri, C.D. (1986) (Vol.23 p.45-59, 1986) 15p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Malawi, risk analysis, institutions, agricultural policy
HD1401/.A36

2960 AFRICA BUREAU AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH STRATEGY PAPER.
(1983)* [Washington: U.S. Agency for International Development, Africa Bureau,
Office of Technical Resources, Agriculture and Rural Development Division]. (Apr.
4, 1983) 13p. KEYWORDS: Africa, USAID, planning of research, institution
building, NARS AFRICA.6








2961 AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH IN THE PRIVATE SECTOR IN AFRICA: THE
CASE OF KENYA. Hobbs, S.H. (1987) The Hague: International Service for
National Agricultural Research (ISNAR). (Working Paper No.8, Dec. 1987) 21p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, agricultural research, private sector, private
organizations, case studies, evaluation, institutions KE.6

2962 ANNUAL REPORT. (1986) [Corvallis, Ore.: Tanzania FSR Project, Oregon State
Univ.]. (Farming Systems Research Project (Tanzania) Annual Report, Project Year
III, Jan. 1 Dec. 31, 1985; Publication No.118, Feb. 1986; USAID Contract AFR-
0156-C-00-3033-00) 56p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Tanzania, programs and projects,
annual reports S473/.T35/F37/1985

2963 ANNUAL REPORT 1982-83. Zambia. Adaptive Research Planning Team. (1983)
Chilanga, Zambia: Department of Agriculture, Research Branch. 22p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Zambia, national programs and projects, socioeconomic analysis,
FSR, on-farm testing, problem identification, evaluation, maize, groundnuts, rice,
fertilizers, sunflowers, sorghum, beans, intercropping, appropriate technology, draught
animals, mulching, millets, cassava, weeding, labor, planting methods, extension,
methodology ZM.6

2964 BASELINE INFORMATION FOR ARIDOCULTURE PROJECT IMPACT
EVALUATION. (1988)* Settat, Morocco: [Mid-America International Agricultural
Consortium]. (MIAC Project) 6p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Morocco,
programs and projects, dry farming, rain-fed farming, technology transfers, baseline
data, cereals, legumes, arid regions, evaluation MA.6

2965 BEYOND THE PROJECT: THE QUEST FOR SUSTAINABILITY IN THE THIRD
WORLD. (Paper presented at the symposium Sustainable Development: In Search
of Lasting Solutions, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Apr.
22-23, 1988) Gow, D. (1988) Washington: Development Strategies for Fragile Lands
(DESFIL). 38p. KEYWORDS: sustainability, research, development theory,
environment, technology, institutions 6

2966 BRIEFING FOR BIFAD MEMBERS ON AID-AFRICA BUREAU'S
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH STRATEGY. Johnson, W.F. (1984)* s.l.: s.n..
7p. KEYWORDS: Africa, USAID, BIFAD, planning of research, institution building
AFRICA.6








2967 CHANGING DYNAMICS OF GLOBAL AGRICULTURE. (A Seminar/Workshop
on Research Policy Implications for National Agricultural Research Systems, DSE/ZEL
Feldafing, Germany, Sep. 22-28, 1988) Javier, E. (1988) The Hague: International
Service for National Agricultural Research (ISNAR). 378p. KEYWORDS: research
policy, research, research centers, ISNAR, national programs and projects, food policy,
food surpluses, economic growth, sustainability, institution building, NARS, information
exchange, research funding ++

2968 DESIGN, IMPLEMENTATION, EVALUATION, AND EVOLUTION OF THE
NATIONAL FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH OF NIGER. (Paper presented at
the Workshop on Farming Systems Research for Limited Resource Farms, Alabama
A & M Univ., Normal, Alabama, Aug. 10-12, 1987) Deuson, R.R. (1987)* [Niamey:
R.R. Deuson, Institut National de Recherches Agronomiques du Niger (INRAN)].
21p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Niger, implementation of research,
evaluation, national programs and projects, on-farm trials, cereals, millets, grain
legumes, forage crops, cowpeas NE.6

2969 DEVELOPMENT OF AFRICAN FARMING SYSTEMS: SOME PERSONAL
VIEWS. IN: Agricultural Administration and Extension Collinson, M. (1988)
(Vol.29 p.7-22, 1988) 16p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Southern Africa,
Ethiopia, Kenya, Zambia, history, institution building, FSR, changes, policy, CIMMYT,
programs and projects, education, agricultural economics, evaluation, innovation
adoption, coordination HD1401/.A36

2970 EDUCATIONAL AND TRAINING OPPORTUNITIES IN ORGANIC, LOW INPUT
OR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE. Gates, J.P. (1989) Beltsville, Md.: U.S.
Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Library, Alternative Farming Systems
Information Center. (Tel. (301) 344-3704; Aug. 1989) 14p. KEYWORDS:
directories, sustainability, alternative farming, organic farming, conservation, education,
training 6

2971 END-OF-PROJECT EVALUATION: SIERRA LEONE ADAPTIVE CROP
RESEARCH AND EXTENSION PROJECT (636-0102). (Draft) (1987)* s.l.: s.n..
59p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sierra Leone, programs and projects, extension,
evaluation, problem identification, USAID, crop production, income, nutrition, sweet
potatoes, rice, cassava, maize, technology transfers, recommendations, planning of
research, objectives, methodology, analysis, research centers, national programs and
projects, women in agriculture SL.6








2972 EVALUATION OF THE GWEMBE SOUTH DEVELOPMENT PROJECT,
ZAMBIA. Scudder, T. (1982) Binghamton, N.Y.: Institute for Development
Anthropology. (IDA Working Paper Series) 48p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Zambia,
programs and projects, evaluation, rural development, research institutes, planning of
research, objectives, dry farming, irrigation, livestock, personnel, training, fishing,
institution building, alternative technology, infrastructure ZM.6

2973 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND EXTENSION: AN APPROACH TO
SOLVING FOOD PROBLEMS IN AFRICA. IN: Food in Sub-Saharan Africa
Fresco, L.O. (1986) Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc.. (p.305-31) 27p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Francophone research, Anglophone research, FSR, research
institutes, history, appropriate technology, food crops, food production, planning of
research, institution building, environment, objectives, programs and projects, small
farms, constraints, innovation adoption, methodology, extension, food supply, farmer
testing, multidisciplinary research, universities, infrastructure, personnel, women in
agriculture HD9017/.S82/F66/1986

2974 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND EXTENSION ACTIVITIES AROUND
THE WORLD A RESULTS INVENTORY. IN: Culture and Agriculture
McArthur, H.J. (1989) (No.38 p.11-19, Spring/Summer 1989; to locate at KSU, see
Frankenberger, "Identification of Results...") 9p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Latin America,
Africa, Indonesia, Guatemala, Botswana, evaluation, programs and projects,
sustainability, institutions 6

2975 FRAMEWORK FOR ASSESSING FARMING SYSTEMS ACTIVITIES IN
NATIONAL SETTINGS IN WEST AFRICA: WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO
SENEGAL AND NIGERIA. (Paper prepared for the West African Farming Systems
Research Networkshop, Mar. 11-14, 1986, Dakar, Senegal) Baker, D. (1986)*
Gaborone, Botswana: D. Baker, Agricultural Technology Improvement Project. (ATIP
MP 86-1) 26p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Senegal, Nigeria, objectives,
programs and projects, research policy, planning of research, methodology, ATIP,
national programs and projects, research institutes, institution building, changes SN.6

2976 FSR/E: SHIFTING THE INTERSECTION BETWEEN RESEARCH AND
EXTENSION. IN: Agricultural Administration Johnson, S.H. (1986) (Vol.21 p.81-
93, 1986) 13p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Zambia, extension, FSR, appropriate
technology, organizational structures, technology transfers, institution building,
methodology, diffusion of information, education HD1401/.A36








2977 GHANA'S TRADITION MAKERS: CHANGING PATTERNS IN FOOD CROPS
RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND PRODUCTION. IN: CIMMYT Today Russell,
N.C. (1989) Mexico, D.F.: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center
(CIMMYT). (No.19) 29p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Ghana, extension,
food production, food crops, maize, cassava, sorghum, intercropping, monocropping, on-
farm research GH.6

2978 GUIDELINES FOR STRENGTHENING NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL
RESEARCH SYSTEMS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA. (1987) Washington:
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank; International
Service for National Agricultural Research (ISNAR). (Special Program for African
Agricultural Research, SPAAR) 28p. KEYWORDS: Africa, food security, history,
problem identification, objectives, national programs and projects, institution building,
planning of research, personnel, training, policy, extension, information, evaluation,
income, employment, environment, sustainable agriculture, management, diffusion of
information, applied research, international cooperation AFRICA.6

2979 HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY: THE
ZAMBIAN PORTION OF THE MIDDLE ZAMBEZI VALLEY AND THE LAKE
KARIBA BASIN. Scudder, T. (1985) Worcester, Mass.: Clark University and
Institute for Development Anthropology, Binghamton, N.Y.. (Cooperative Agreement
on Human Settlement and Natural Resource Systems Analysis) 84p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, Zambia, history, national programs and projects, problem identification,
evaluation, rural development ZM.6

2980 HUMAN CAPITAL, AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AND THE AFRICAN
FOOD CRISIS. IN: Agricultural Administration and Extension Ames, G.C.W. (1988)
(Vol.28 p.1-17, 1988) 17p. KEYWORDS: Africa, food shortages, human resources,
productivity, agricultural policy, NARS, IARCs, agricultural research, education, training,
extension, institution building, donor agencies HD1401/.A36

2981 IDENTIFICATION OF RESULTS OF FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND
EXTENSION ACTIVITIES: A SYNTHESIS. IN: Culture and Agriculture
Frankenberger, T.R. (1989) (No.38 p.8-11, Spring/Summer 1989) 4p. KEYWORDS:
evaluation, implementation of research, programs and projects, institutions 6

2982 IMPACT OF THE COLLABORATION BETWEEN THE INTERNATIONAL
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SYSTEM AND THE NATIONAL
AGRICULTURAL SYSTEM IN MALAWL (Draft) Billing, K.J. (1984)* s.l.: K.J.
Billing. 108p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Malawi, institutions, linkages, national
programs and projects, agricultural research centers MW.6








2983 IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH
CENTRES. IN: Agricultural Administration Jahnke, H.E. (1986) (Vol.22 p.175-
96, 1986) 22p. KEYWORDS: IARCs, evaluation, agricultural research, institutions,
programs and projects, information exchange, innovation adoption 6

2984 IMPACT OF CROPPING SYSTEMS RESEARCH IN INDONESIA. Siwi, B.H.
(1986) s.l.: Central Research Institute for Food Crops (CRIFC), Indonesia;
International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Canada. 30p. KEYWORDS:
Asia, Pacific, Indonesia, cropping systems, rice, irrigated farming, dry farming, national
programs and projects, institutions ID.6

2985 IMPLEMENTATION LETTER NO. 7: DRYLAND AGRICULTURE APPLIED
RESEARCH PROJECT 608-0136. Johnson, C. [1988?]* Rabat, Morocco: C. W.
Johnson, U.S. Agency for International Development. (USAID Project 608-0136,
Includes -Project Paper Supplement) 12p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa,
Morocco, programs and projects, baseline data, evaluation, technology transfers,
innovation adoption, project design, dry farming, training, technology development,
extension MA.6

2986 INRA-MIAC DRYLAND FARMING APPLIED RESEARCH PROJECT. (Scientific
Review Panel Report) Keith, D. (ed.) (1988)* Stillwater, Okla.: D. Keith, Dept. of
Agronomy, Oklahoma State Univ.. (Includes Materials from the Project Paper
Supplement, 65 pp.; USAID Project No. 608-0136) 45p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North
Africa, Morocco, plant breeding, cereal breeding, plant pathology, programs and
projects, MIAC, agricultural economics, evaluation, rural sociology MA.6

2987 INSTITUTIONAL CONSTRAINTS ON THE TRANSFER OF AGRICULTURAL
AND COMPLEMENTARY RESOURCE-CONSERVATION TECHNOLOGIES
APPROPRIATE FOR SEMI-ARID AFRICA. Thomson, J.T. (1987) Burlington,
Vt.: Associates in Rural Development, Inc.. (USAID Contract No.PDC-0000-I-00-
4104-00, Work order 11; Apr. 1987) 97p. KEYWORDS: Africa, semiarid zones,
technology transfers, conservation, constraints, appropriate technology, political
economy, tenure systems, land tenure, legal systems, marketing, finance, infrastructure
AFRICA.6

2988 INSTITUTIONALIZING RURAL SOCIOLOGY INTO AGRICULTURAL
RESEARCH THE ZAMBIA CASE STUDY. (Working Paper presented at
ARPT/CIMMYT Rural Sociology Networkshop, Lusaka, Zambia, Nov. 27-29, 1984)
Kean, S. (1984)* s.l.: s.n.. 22p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Zambia, rural sociology,
agricultural research, multidisciplinary research, social anthropology, anthropology,
methodology, institution building, technology, innovation adoption, appropriate
technology, planning of research, national programs and projects, constraints ZM.6








2989 LESOTHO FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH PROJECT. (Draft) Byrnes, K.J.
[1987?]* Washington: K.J. Byrnes, U.S. Agency for International Development
(USAID). (USAID Project No.632-0065) 17p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Lesotho,
programs and projects, evaluation LS.6

2990 MATHEMATICAL MODELS IN SCOPE OF WORK FOR SCIENTIFIC PANEL
Rafsnider, G. (1988)* [Washington, D.C.: G. Rafsnider, MidAmerica International
Agricultural Consortium]. (Reference to memo by R. B. Stryker, USAID-Rabat) 4p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Morocco, programs and projects, evaluation, project design,
MIAC, national programs and projects, mathematical models, technology MA.6

2991 NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SYSTEM OF RWANDA. ISNAR.
(1983) s.l.: International Service for National Agricultural Research (ISNAR).
(ISNAR R9e; Report to the Government of the Republic of Rwanda) 9p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Rwanda, institutions, national programs and projects,
information exchange, communication, education RW.6

2992 NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH PROGRAMMES IN SAHELIAN
COUNTRIES OF WEST AFRICA: PROBLEMS AND RECOMMENDATIONS. IN:
Agricultural Administration and Extension Nwanze, K.F. (1988) (Vol.28 p.227-238,
1988; submitted as JA No. 694 by the International Crops Research Institute for the
Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)) 12p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Sahel,
national programs and projects, food production, agricultural productivity, technical
assistance, training AFRICA.6

2993 ORGANIZATION AND STRUCTURE OF ARAB NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL
RESEARCH SYSTEMS. Hariri, Ghazi (1990) The Hague: International Service
for National Agricultural Research (ISNAR). (Working Paper No.31, May 1990) 62p.
KEYWORDS: North Africa, West Asia, Middle East, Arab countries, national
programs and projects, institutions, organizational structures, agricultural research,
management ++

2994 ORGANIZATION AND STRUCTURE OF NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL
RESEARCH SYSTEMS: SELECTED PAPERS FROM THE 1989
INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH MANAGEMENT WORKSHOP.
ISNAR. (1990) The Hague: International Service for National Agricultural
Research (ISNAR). 42p. KEYWORDS: national programs and projects, institutions,
agricultural research, organizational structures, management + +








2995 PERSPECTIVES OF THE UNIVERSITIES. (Paper presented at the Title XII
Regional Seminar, Fort Collins, Colorado, Jan. 26-27, 1989) Wilken, G.C. (1989)*
Fort Collins, Colo.: G.C. Wilken, Dept. of Earth Resources, Colorado State Univ..
(BIFAD Workshop: Implementing BIFAD Strategy on Sustainable Agriculture) 9p.
KEYWORDS: sustainability, research, institutions, technology, problem identification
6

2996 PLACE OF AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS IN THE TROPICAL FARMING
SYSTEMS RESEARCH: THE CASE OF INITIATED AGROFORESTRY
FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM IN
GHANA. (Paper submitted for the Farming Systems Research and Extension
Symposium, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, Oct. 5-8, 1986) Owusu-
Bempah, K. (1986)* Mampong-Ashanti, Ghana: K. Owusu-Bempah, Program
Director, Rural Agroforestry and Forestry for Development Programs, Box 58. 20p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Ghana, programs and projects, agroforestry
GH.6

2997 PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP ON SAHELIAN AGRICULTURE. (Papers
prepared for Workshop on Sahelian Agriculture, West Lafayette, Ind., Purdue
University, Department of Agricultural Economics, Feb. 1-2, 1979) (1979)* (USAID
Contracts AFR-C-1257 & 1258) 497p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Sahel,
Chad, Mali, Burkina Faso, Senegal, USAID, dry farming, programs and projects, data
collection, analysis, sorghum, millets, models, farmers' attitudes, irrigation, cost benefit
analysis, women in development, evaluation, methodology AFRICA.6

2998 RECOMMENDATIONS AND RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE
PARTICIPANTS OF THE INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON SUSTAINABLE
LAND USE SYSTEMS. (1990) [Kutztown, Penn.: Rodale Research Center].
(Workshop Working Group on Sustainable Land Use Systems Research, New Delhi,
India, Feb. 16, 1990) 4p. KEYWORDS: land use, sustainability, research, policy
6

2999 REPORT OF THE JOINT IFAD AND MINISTRY OF CO-OPERATION (FRANCE)
REVIEW MISSION OF THE OAU/STRC/SAFGRAD FARMING SYSTEMS
RESEARCH PROGRAMME. (1987)* Rome: International Fund for Agricultural
Development (IFAD). (IFAD TA 110, Nov.-Dec. 1987) 45p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
Burkina Faso, Benin, Cameroon, semiarid zones, SAFGRAD, OAU, programs and
projects, FSR, evaluation, international cooperation, planning of research, objectives,
evaluation, institution building, data collection, training, recommendations, food
production, animal husbandry, agroforestry, varietal trials, agricultural economics
AFRICA.6







3000 ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTERS IN
AFRICA. IN: Food in Sub-Saharan Africa Plucknett, D.L. (1986) Boulder, Colo.:
Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc.. (p.292-303) 12p. KEYWORDS: Africa, CGIAR,
research institutes, history, technology, food crops, food production, hybrids, disease
resistance, livestock production, marketing systems, management, animal diseases,
germplasm, policy, technology transfers, training, diffusion of information, yields,
institution building, environment, objectives, surveys, programs and projects,
organizational structures, international cooperation HD9017/.S82/F66/1986

3001 ROLE OF A COUNTRY PROJECT IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT. IN:
Agricultural Administration Potts, M.J. (1985) (Vol.20 p.63-71, 1985) 9p.
KEYWORDS: national programs and projects, programs and projects, administration,
funding HD1401/.A36

3002 SENEGAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND PLANNING PROJECT. (Draft)
Byrnes, K. [1988?]* Washington: K. Byrnes, U.S. Agency for International
Development (USAID). (USAID Project No.685-0223) 16p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
Senegal, USAID, programs and projects, national programs and projects, ISPA,
institution building, production systems, evaluation, agricultural research, policy,
appropriate technology, training SN.6

3003 SMALL FARMER PRODUCTION SYSTEMS. (Draft) Byrnes, K.J. [1987?]*
Washington: K.J. Byrnes, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID).
(USAID Project No.596-0083) 20p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America,
Costa Rica, programs and projects, evaluation, USAID, CATIE, small farmers,
production systems, research institutes, institution building, training, technology transfers
CR.6

3004 SMALL-FARM SYSTEMS RESEARCH IN CISKEI. IN: Development Southern
Africa Rose, C.J. (1984) (Vol.1 no.2 p.166-79, Aug. 1984) 14p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, South Africa, programs and projects, small farms, extension, methodology
ZA.6

3005 SOYBEAN PRODUCTION AND UTILIZATION IN AFRICA: AN "AGRO-
NUTRITIONAL" FARMING SYSTEMS PACKAGE. (Prepared for the Strategic
Planning Study, IITA) Mebrahtu, S. (1986) Ibadan, Nigeria: International Institute
of Tropical Agriculture (IITA). (Oct. 1986) 30p. KEYWORDS: Africa, soybeans,
crop production, utilization, socioeconomic conditions, programs and projects,
agricultural policy, recommendations, documentation, nutrition, institutions, cooperation,
communication, networks, extension, training AFRICA.6








3006 STRENGTHENING BASIC SERVICE DELIVERY IN RURAL AFRICA:
AGRICULTURAL MANAGEMENT TRAINING IN GHANA. (Presented at the
Twenty-Fourth Annual Meeting of the African Studies Association, Bloomington,
Indiana, Oct. 21-24, 1981) Wunsch, J.S. (1981)* Omaha, Neb.: J.S. Wunsch,
Creighton Univ.. 31p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Ghana, programs and
projects, training, agricultural education, management GH.6

3007 SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH SOURCEBOOK: A COMPILATION
OF CURRENT ACTIVITIES ON SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE AT U.S.
UNIVERSITIES. Haney, W.G. (1986) Black Earth, Wise.: Wisconsin Rural
Development Center, Inc.. 56p. KEYWORDS: sustainability, institutions, research,
programs and projects ++

3008 TALE FROM THE BUNDUNI WOODS: PART 2-THE MORAL OF THE TALE.
IN: Agricultural Administration Le Breton, R.J.G. (1986) (Vol.22 p.135-47, 1986)
13p. KEYWORDS: programs and projects, development aid, evaluation, development
administration, political attitudes, development agencies, sustainability HD1401/.A36

3009 TALE FROM THE BUNDUNI WOODS: PART 1-THE BUNDUNI NATIONAL
RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT. IN: Agricultural Administration Le Breton,
R.J.G. (1986) (Vol.22 p.79-87, 1986) 9p. KEYWORDS: programs and projects,
development aid, evaluation, development administration, sustainability HD1401/.A36

3010 TANZANIA FARMING SYSTEMS PROJECT: ANNUAL PROJECT REVIEW
REPORT, JULY 1985. Acker, D.G. (1985) Corvallis, Ore.: Tanzania FSR Project,
Oregon State Univ.. (Publication No.101, July 31, 1985; USAID Contract AFR-0156-
C-00-3033-00) 20p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Tanzania, programs and projects, annual
reports ++

3011 TANZANIA FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH PROJECT. (Draft) Byrnes, K.J.
[1987?]* Washington: K.J. Byrnes, U.S. Agency for International Development
(USAID). (USAID Project No.621-0156) 13p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Tanzania,
programs and projects, evaluation TZ.6

3012 TRAINED AGRICULTURAL MANPOWER ASSESSMENT IN AFRICA. (Prepared
for the 13th FAO Regional Conference for Africa, Harare, Zimbabwe, July 16-25,
1984) FAO. (1984) Rome: FAO. 37p. KEYWORDS: Africa, FAO, personnel,
agricultural manpower, labor, training, forestry, fisheries, livestock, technicians, human
resources, education, programs and projects, planning of research, women, problem
identification, surveys, employment, constraints, extension, policy, management,
curriculum AFRICA.6








KEYWORD INDEX


afforestation 2705, 2811
Africa 2668-2674, 2676-2692, 2694,
2695, 2697-2699,
2701-2704, 2706-2709,
2711-2713, 2715-2719,
2721-2732, 2734,
2735, 2738, 2739,
2740, 2741, 2745,
2746, 2749,
2751-2757, 2759,
2760, 2762, 2765,
2769, 2771-2773,
2776-2778, 2780,
2782-2786, 2792-2803,
2805, 2806, 2808,
2810-2827, 2829-2833,
2835-2837, 2839-2851,
2854-2858, 2860,
2862-2864, 2866-2875,
2877-2887, 2889-2898,
2900-2909, 2911-2914,
2916, 2918, 2920,
2925, 2928-2932,
2934, 2936, 2937,
2939-2947, 2949,
2950, 2951-2953,
2955-2964, 2966,
2968, 2969,
2971-2980, 2982,
2985, 2986-2993,
2996, 2997, 2999,
3000, 3002,
3004-3006, 3010,
3011, 3012
age 2883
agrarian reform 2795, 2802
agricultural commercialization
2860


agricultural


development 2733,
2799, 2813, 2823,
2841-2843, 2870


Agricultural Development Systems
Project 2799
agricultural economics 2711, 2724, 2734,
2735, 2740, 2956, 2969,
2986, 2999
agricultural education 3006
agricultural engineering 2739
agricultural history 2865, 2949
agricultural manpower 3012
Agricultural Mechanization Project
2857
agricultural planning 2710
agricultural policy 2805, 2817,
2846-2848, 2959, 2980,
3005
agricultural production 2669, 2690,
2698, 2750, 2760, 2797,
2835, 2949
agricultural productivity 2710, 2714,
2743, 2758, 2897, 2992
agricultural research 2902, 2909, 2955,
2958, 2961, 2980, 2982,
2983, 2988, 2993, 2994,
3002
agricultural research centers 2982
agricultural zones 2700
agro-ecological zonation 2954
agro-ecological zones 2690
agroclimatology 2742, 2755, 2758
agroecosystems 2669, 2716, 2737
agroforestry 2702-2705, 2707, 2747,
2756, 2763, 2764, 2804,
2809, 2834, 2913, 2915,
2996, 2999
agronomy 2698, 2739, 2741, 2795, 2931,
2951
aid 2819, 2820, 2823, 2845, 3008, 3009
alley farming 2699, 2701, 2702, 2704,
2730, 2763
allocation 2752, 2841, 2900, 2906








alternative farming 2736, 2748,
2844, 2927, 2970
alternative technology 2729, 2972
altiplano 2781
altitude 2702, 2788
amaranth 2766-2768, 2779
amaranthus hypochondriacus 2766
amaranthus retroflexus 2766
amaranthus tricolor 2779
analysis 2680, 2692, 2697, 2698,
2710, 2711, 2715,
2723-2725, 2732,
2739, 2740, 2755,
2760, 2788, 2794,
2796-2798, 2803,
2808, 2811, 2813,
2815, 2822, 2841,
2842, 2847, 2851,
2862, 2874, 2876,
2881, 2884, 2886,
2890, 2903, 2909,
2916, 2923, 2929,
2932, 2935, 2937,
2953, 2954, 2956,
2959, 2963, 2971,
2997
Andean region 2781
Anglophone research 2973
animal diseases 3000
animal feeding 2731
animal health 2793
animal husbandry 2708, 2712,
2715, 2719, 2725,
2727, 2747, 2755,
2842, 2850, 2953,
2956, 2999
animal manures 2723, 2728
animal nutrition 2792
animal power 2724, 2795, 2875,
2877
animal production 2679, 2682,
2683, 2725, 2730,
2905


animal products 2895
animal protein 2727
animal sharing 2670
animal traction 2718, 2719, 2721, 2723,
2728, 2729, 2731, 2746,
2850, 2851, 2872, 2874,
2898, 2956
Animation Rurale 2794
annual production 2796
annual reports 2962, 3010
anthropology 2707, 2711, 2801, 2803,
2805, 2884, 2929, 2988
applied research 2978
appropriate technology 2671, 2676,
2699, 2707, 2723, 2731,
2732, 2745, 2813, 2829,
2844, 2847, 2863, 2871,
2873, 2874, 2876-2878,
2905, 2925, 2932, 2952,
2963, 2973, 2976, 2987,
2988, 3002
aquaculture 2732
Arab countries 2993
arable land 2752
arboriculture 2955
arid regions 2679, 2681-2683, 2706,
2734, 2735, 2739, 2740,
2760, 2785, 2795, 2839,
2863, 2872, 2875, 2890,
2906, 2908, 2964
Aridoculture Center project 2856
Asia 2675, 2700, 2710, 2714, 2742,
2743, 2758, 2789, 2807,
2838, 2859, 2861, 2876,
2915, 2923, 2948, 2974,
2984, 2993
ATIP 2722, 2975
average farm size 2856
background 2810, 2819
bananas 2677,2678
barley 2691, 2694, 2710, 2769, 2835,
2889-2891, 2914, 2942
BAS stoves 2863








baseline data 2669, 2677, 2678,
2731, 2762, 2823,
2898, 2920, 2929,
2932, 2939, 2952,
2964, 2985
beans 2676, 2677, 2679, 2680,
2682, 2683, 2688,
2692, 2697, 2737,
2773, 2775, 2777,
2785, 2787,
2892-2894, 2947, 2963
Bedouin 2807
Benin 2999
bibliographies 2668, 2684-2686,
2712, 2763, 2802,
2817
BIFAD 2966
biomass 2702
black market 2752
Botswana 2715, 2722, 2884, 2974
bread wheat 2914
budget analysis 2724
budget formulation 2947
bureaucracy 2846
Burkina Faso 2746, 2755, 2851,
2874, 2911, 2918,
2997, 2999
Burundi 2671, 2780
business conditions 2880
byproducts 2702
camels 2715
Cameroon 2677, 2678, 2719, 2778,
2884, 2999
capital 2841, 2889, 2893, 2894,
2897, 2902, 2918,
2952
capitalist market system 2860
case studies 2707, 2756, 2794,
2801, 2808, 2815,
2913, 2934, 2961
cash crops 2674, 2677, 2678, 2725,
2822
cash flow analysis 2710


cash flows 2912
cassava 2677, 2678, 2683, 2698, 2878,
2963, 2971, 2977
CATIE 3003
cattle 2709, 2713, 2715, 2723, 2728,
2731, 2738, 2791, 2835,
2884
cattle breeds 2791
cattle management 2709
Central Africa 2724, 2738, 2773, 2780,
2803
Central African Republic 2837, 2912
Central Agricultural Cooperative Union
2810
Central America 2705, 2787, 2865,
2888, 2899, 2933, 3003
cereal agronomy 2739, 2931, 2951
cereal breeding 2734, 2739-2741, 2931,
2986
cereal consumption 2918
cereal production 2817, 2902, 2951
cereal purchases 2918
cereals 2670, 2694, 2721, 2734, 2735,
2751, 2766-2769, 2774;
2775, 2781, 2788, 2795,
2835, 2855, 2856, 2858,
2874, 2879, 2887,
2889-2891, 2901, 2903,
2943, 2944, 2955, 2964,
2968
CGIAR 3000
Chad 2997
change 2802, 2805, 2807, 2872, 2884
changes 2715, 2820, 2934, 2969, 2975
chemical fertilizers 2752
Chenopodium nuttaliae 2781
Chenopodium palidacuale 2781
Chenopodium quinoa 2781
chickpea variation 2772
chickpeas 2772, 2876, 2892-2894
chickpeas--winter 2772
CIMMYT 2969
class conflict 2802








climate 2755, 2757, 2759, 2911
climatic factors 2723, 2757, 2878
cocoyams 2677, 2678
commercial farming 2715, 2836
commercialization 2772, 2860
commodities 2810, 2907, 2920
commodity research 2920
commodity system analysis 2710
communal forestry 2804, 2809
communal grazing 2800
communal tenure 2800, 2877
communication 2802, 2829, 2832,
2866, 2870, 2915,
2921, 2991, 3005
communities 2932
community development 2802
community structure 2802
comparative analysis 2710
computers 2853
conservation 2703, 2723, 2738,
2747, 2754, 2761,
2823, 2874, 2925,
2931, 2953, 2970,
2987
constraints 2670, 2695, 2697, 2698,
2703, 2705, 2713,
2718, 2723, 2725,
2727, 2746, 2777,
2799, 2808, 2822,
2826, 2841, 2844,
2845, 2850, 2870,
2900, 2911, 2973,
2987, 2988, 3012
consumer preferences 2773
consumption 2692, 2812,
2816-2818, 2840,
2863, 2865, 2883,
2907, 2908, 2918,
2956
cooking 2863
cookstoves 2863
cooperation 2823, 2953, 2978,
2999, 3000, 3005


cooperative farming 2821
cooperative structure 2810
cooperatives 2795, 2810, 2821, 2905,
2956
coordination 2940, 2969
cost 2858, 2918, 2947, 2997
cost benefit analysis 2997
cost effectiveness 2947
Costa Rica 2705, 2933, 3003
cotton 2842, 2874, 2912
cowpeas 2679, 2682, 2683, 2720, 2746,
2771, 2778, 2874, 2878,
2879, 2968
credit 2670, 2692, 2752, 2795, 2796,
2808, 2810, 2824, 2880,
2885, 2918, 2952, 2956
crop conditions 2918
crop enterprise budgets 2891, 2892
crop husbandry 2672, 2681-2683, 2827,
2889, 2891-2894, 2902
crop management 2951
crop physiology 2951
crop production 2688, 2694, 2700, 2710,
2714, 2721, 2723, 2730,
2734, 2735, 2757, 2758,
2762, 2780, 2786, 2815,
2827, 2861, 2864, 2874,
2877, 2887, 2896, 2912,
2914, 2919, 2971, 3005
crop production variabilities 2887
crop research 2757
crop residues 2746, 2753
crop rotations 2695, 2746
cropping decisions 2911
cropping patterns 2672, 2673,
2679-2683, 2688, 2714,
2795, 2855, 2856, 2883,
2914
cropping systems 2670, 2677, 2678,
2687, 2696, 2698, 2701,
2704, 2725, 2730, 2745,
2757, 2827, 2841, 2874,
2878, 2912, 2915, 2925,








2927, 2943,
2944, 2947,
2951, 2956,
2984
crops 2671-2674, 2676-2678, 2682,
2683, 2688, 2692,
2713, 2720, 2723,
2725, 2735, 2747,
2752, 2753, 2761,
2763, 2764, 2766,
2770, 2781, 2783,
2786, 2787, 2822,
2840, 2850, 2879,
2884, 2887, 2905,
2920, 2952, 2956,
2968, 2973, 2977,
3000
CTDA projects 2880
cultivars 2771, 2778, 2878
cultivation 2693, 2701, 2736, 2850,
2891-2894, 2902
cultivation methods 2850
cultural ecology 2707
cultural environment 2845, 2946
curriculum 2833, 2952, 3012
dairy cattle 2791
data 2669, 2677, 2678, 2691, 2694,
2726, 2731, 2755,
2762, 2823, 2887,
2898, 2920, 2929,
2932, 2934, 2939,
2952, 2954, 2964,
2985, 2997, 2999
data collection 2954, 2997, 2999
data evaluation 2726
data interpretation 2954
databases 2684-2686
decision making 2845
deforestation 2706, 2765, 2863,;
2888, 2899
demand 2817, 2907
demography 2690, 2715, 2749,
2911


demonstrations 2705
desertification 2723, 2749, 2765, 2953
destumping 2850
development 2687, 2693, 2699, 2733,
2749, 2794, 2796, 2798,
2799, 2802, 2803, 2808,
2813, 2818-2820, 2823,
2840-2847, 2857, 2859,
2867, 2870, 2875, 2878,
2879, 2886, 2888, 2899,
2933, 2939, 2952, 2955,
2956, 2965, 2972, 2979,
2985, 2997, 3008, 3009
development administration 2845, 2846,
3008, 3009
development agencies 2820, 3008
development aid 2819, 2823, 2845,
3008, 3009
development organizations 2749
development planning 2803, 2886
development policy 2794, 2841, 2846,
2859
development programs 2819, 2955
development projects 2794, 2939
development strategies 2840
development theory 2693, 2794, 2965
development zones 2796
diet 2713, 2725, 2727, 2815, 2817
diffusion of information 2731, 2826,
2829, 2833, 2866, 2870,
2940, 2952, 2976, 2978,
3000
directories 2970
disease resistance 2746, 2769, 2773,
2777, 2778, 3000
diseases 2676, 2680, 2698, 2735, 2748,
2773, 2784, 2789-2791,
2793, 2812, 2816, 3000
distance travelled 2900
ditches 2746
diversification 2878
division of labor 2882, 2952
documentation 3005








dolichos lablab 2787
domestication 2715
donor agencies 2980
draught animals 2718, 2721, 2722,
2724, 2795, 2932,
2963
drought 2746, 2759, 2767, 2771,
2774, 2776, 2778,
2781, 2785, 2823,
2878
drought resistance 2746, 2767,
2771, 2774, 2776,
2778, 2781, 2785
dry farming 2735, 2739-2741,
2760, 2776, 2777,
2795, 2824, 2872,
2931, 2958, 2964,
2972, 2984, 2985,
2997
dryland agricultural research 2902
dryland production 2937
durum wheat 2914, 2937
East Africa 2674, 2679, 2681-2683,
2688, 2697, 2707,
2715, 2716, 2738,
2745, 2754, 2765,
2782, 2783, 2785,
2786, 2792, 2800,
2814, 2825, 2827,
2839, 2913, 2950,
2961, 2969
Eastern Africa 2784
ecology 2673, 2707, 2841, 2870
economic analysis 2680, 2692,
2697, 2711, 2715,
2723, 2725, 2732,
2760, 2797, 2798,
2803, 2813, 2841,
2874, 288i, 2884,
2903, 2937, 2953,
2956
economic development 2818, 2844


economic evaluation 2851, 2854, 2895,
2896, 2936
economic growth 2799, 2967
economic performance 2751
economic theories 2798
economy 2800, 2911, 2987
education 2682, 2683, 2749, 2826, 2827,
2829, 2834, 2837, 2883,
2921, 2969, 2970, 2976,
2980, 2991, 3006, 3012
educational planning 2833
Egypt 2726, 2752, 2777, 2799, 2802,
2810, 2817, 2818, 2840,
2857, 2860, 2883, 2947,
2949
El Salvador 2933
employment 2670, 2798, 2956, 2978,
3012
energy 2714, 2863
enterprise budgets 2691, 2694,
2889-2894
entomology 2739, 2741
environment 2672, 2677, 2678, 2736,
2742, 2743, 2749, 2750,
2789, 2796, 2845, 2852,
2922, 2946, 2949, 2965,
2973, 2978, 3000
environmental degradation 2765, 2783,
2800
environmental factors 2698, 2718, 2738,
2844, 2935, 2953
equipment 2795, 2914, 2931
erosion 2703, 2738, 2754
Ethiopia 2721, 2784, 2823, 2905, 2969
ethnic groups 2707, 2842, 2932
evaluation 2671, 2674, 2676, 2679, 2687,
2699, 2711, 2726, 2731,
2760, 2776, 2795, 2825,
2829, 2833, 2835, 2839,
2842, 2843, 2847, 2851,
2854, 2857, 2890, 2895,
2896, 2911, 2913, 2935,
2936, 2938, 2941-2945,








2954,
2956-2958,
2961, 2963,
2964, 2968,
2969, 2971,
2972, 2974,
2978, 2979,
2981, 2983,
2985, 2986,
2989, 2990,
2997, 2999,
3002, 3003,
3008, 3009,
3011
evapotranspiration
expenditures 2817,
experiment stations
2777


2755
2880, 2881
2773, 2776,


experimental design 2938
experimental stations 2695
experimentation 2911
expert systems 2954
exploitation model 2796
exports 2728, 2818
extension 2677, 2698, 2731, 2732,
2777, 2794, 2795,
2814, 2822,
2825-2833, 2835,
2837, 2840, 2857,
2866, 2870, 2882,
2909, 2910, 2915,
2917, 2920, 2921,
2924, 2926, 2929,
2939, 2940, 2947,
2949, 2950, 2952,
2956, 2963, 2971,
2973, 2976-2978,
2980, 2985, 3004,
3005, 3012
faba beans 2777, 2892-2894, 2947
fallow 2850
families 2880, 2882, 2949
family consumption 2883


family farms 2803
family labor 2883
family size 2883
family structure 2801, 2803, 2807, 2818
famine 2759
FAO 2762, 2808, 3012
farm inputs 2743
farm models 2847, 2851
farm research strategy 2951
farm size 2681-2683, 2734, 2855, 2856,
2914
farmer borrowing 2918
farmer groups 2880
farmer lending 2918
farmer participation 2869
farmer surveys 2889, 2893, 2894
farmer testing 2939, 2973
farmer-managed trials 2911
farmers' associations 2717
farmers' attitudes 2677, 2678, 2773,
2829, 2841, 2866, 2867,
2904, 2932, 2953, 2997
farming systems 2675, 2700, 2710, 2714,
2742, 2758, 2820, 2838,
2849, 2857, 2861, 2878,
2897, 2900, 2910, 2911,
2924, 2939, 2948, 2953,
2954
farming systems research 2675, 2700,
2710, 2714, 2742, 2758,
2838, 2849, 2861, 2878,
2939, 2948, 2953
farming systems theory 2910, 2924
feed crops 2720, 2787
feed requirements 2718
feed supply 2728, 2951
feeding 2714, 2722, 2723, 2727, 2728,
2730-2732, 2764, 2792
feeding habits 2714
feedlots 2728
feedstuffs 2726
feral varieties 2736, 2761, 2766, 2816








fertilization 2704, 2753, 2772,
2851, 2872, 2889,
2902, 2911
fertilizer 2874, 2937, 2951
fertilizer application 2951
fertilizers 2698, 2729, 2735, 2746,
2751, 2752, 2762,
2776, 2795, 2914,
2918, 2934, 2948,
2956, 2963
field sizes 2691
field tests 2879
finance 2845, 2987
financial planning 2796
Finland 2715
fish culture 2732
fish farming 2732
fisheries 2956, 3012
fishing 2972
five-year plans 2955
fodder 2723, 2747, 2763, 2764,
2787, 2850
fodder crops 2723, 2747, 2763,
2764, 2787
food 2671, 2674, 2676, 2678,
2680-2683, 2688,
2692, 2698, 2725,
2732, 2739, 2741,
2748, 2749, 2753,
2759, 2761, 2766,
2769, 2772, 2773,
2780, 2781, 2783,
2786, 2787, 2799,
2808, 2812-2814,
2816-2818, 2820,
2822, 2825, 2840,
2841, 2844, 2867,
2901, 2904, 2907,


2908, 2911,
2940, 2952,
2967, 2973,
2978, 2980,
2999, 3000


2925,
2954,
2977,
2992,


food consumption 2692, 2812,
2816-2818, 2907, 2908
Food Consumption Activity 2817
food crops 2671, 2674, 2676, 2678,
2682, 2683, 2688, 2692,
2753, 2761, 2766, 2781,
2783, 2786, 2787, 2952,
2973, 2977, 3000
food distribution 2780, 2812, 2816, 2908
food distribution and marketing 2780,
2908
food expenditures 2817
food grains 2769
food habits 2908
food legumes 2739, 2741
food policy 2967
food preferences 2674, 2680, 2681,
2812, 2816, 2908
food preparation 2772, 2812, 2816
food prices 2812, 2816
food production 2674, 2698, 2732, 2748,
2749, 2759, 2808, 2814,
2822, 2825, 2841, 2867,
2901, 2904, 2925, 2940,
2952, 2973, 2977, 2992,
2999, 3000
food security 2799, 2818, 2844, 2911,
2978
food shortages 2725, 2812, 2816-2818,
2820, 2980
food storage 2812, 2816, 2908
food supply 2681, 2773, 2813, 2822,
2841, 2952, 2954, 2973
food surpluses 2967
food systems 2840
forage 2725, 2735, 2739, 2741, 2795,
2905, 2931, 2968
forage agronomy 2739, 2741, 2931
forage crops 2735, 2905, 2968
forage seed production 2795
forestry 2706, 2723, 2804, 2809, 2811,
3012
foundations 2693








Francophone research 2973
fruit trees 2705
FSIP 2957
FSR 2670, 2675, 2700, 2710, 2714,
2742, 2743, 2758,
2797, 2838, 2861,
2884, 2915, 2916,
2917, 2948, 2954,
2956, 2963, 2969,
2973, 2976, 2999
FSSP 2731, 2928
fuelwood 2702, 2747, 2763, 2863
funding 2967, 3001
Gambia 2685, 2762, 2813, 2821,
2845, 2909, 2920,
2928
gardens 2812, 2816
gathering 2908
gender 2866, 2870, 2876
gender analysis 2876
gene banks 2761
generations conflict 2803
genetic diversity 2736, 2761
genetic resources 2761
genetic variation 2773
genetics 2736, 2761, 2769, 2783,
2784
genotypes 2776
geographical distribution 2900
geography 2900
germplasm 2746, 2776, 3000
Ghana 2719, 2756, 2873, 2874,
2977, 2996, 3006
GIS 2927, 2954
gliricidia sepium 2763
goats 2715, 2730, 2793, 2835, 2884
grain calibre 2772
grain legumes 2968
grain production 2937
grasses 2736
grazing 2723, 2730, 2800, 2953
grazing patterns 2800
grazing tenancy 2953


Great Plains 2769
green manure 2763
groundnuts 2677, 2678, 2729, 2806,
2842, 2878, 2879, 2912,
2963
growing season 2755
growth 2709, 2757, 2788, 2798, 2799,
2840, 2886, 2967
growth analysis 2788
growth factors 2757, 2788
growth inhibitors 2788
growth period 2788
growth promoters 2788
growth yield relationship 2788
Guatemala 2933, 2974
Guinea 2746
hard wheat 2691, 2694, 2889
harnesses 2719
harvesting 2858, 2876, 2889, 2891-2894,
2902, 2914
health 2713, 2793, 2815
heat resistance 2768, 2771, 2779, 2785
hedges 2702
herd size 2715
Hessian fly 2735, 2945
high yielding varieties 2771, 2783
highlands 2850
history 2670, 2690, 2715, 2794, 2842,
2850, 2865, 2949, 2956,
2969, 2973, 2978, 2979,
3000
homesteads 2929
Honduras 2787, 2933
horticultural crops 2920
horticulture 2915
household consumption 2863, 2907
household labor 2876
households 2677, 2678, 2680, 2732,
2795, 2802, 2803, 2805,
2807, 2860, 2876, 2881,
2884, 2885, 2897, 2907,
2913, 2929, 2952








human resources 2796, 2949,
2980, 3012
humid tropics 2850, 2925
humid zones 2730, 2841
hybrids 2698, 2777, 2783, 2866,
2870, 2874,
2942-2945, 3000
IARCs 2980, 2983
ICARDA 2777, 2947
ICRAF 2913
ICRISAT 2849
IDRC 2684-2686, 2849
IFAD 2777
IFPRI 2813, 2841
ILCA 2684-2686, 2709, 2721, 2905
implementation of research 2968,
2981
imports 2818
improved varieties 2770
income 2677, 2678, 2681, 2692,
2723, 2728, 2732,
2798, 2813, 2817,
2818, 2840, 2850,
2867, 2880, 2881,
2885, 2907, 2952,
2971, 2978
income distribution 2798
indexes 2684-2686, 2744
indigenous knowledge systems
2707, 2805
Indonesia 2915, 2954, 2974, 2984
industries--cultural 2955
industry 2956
informal credit 2918
information 2731, 2826, 2829,
2832, 2833, 2853,
2866, 2870, 2879,
2910, 2921, 2926,
2940, 2952, 2967,
2976, 2978, 2983,
2991, 3000


information exchange 2832, 2853, 2879,
2910, 2921, 2926, 2967,
2983, 2991
infrastructure 2749, 2798, 2888, 2899,
2972, 2973, 2987
infrastructure development 2888, 2899
innovation adoption 2679, 2723, 2731,
2732, 2801, 2805, 2813,
2827, 2829, 2863, 2864,
2866, 2867, 2869-2871,
2878, 2905, 2925, 2969,
2973, 2983, 2985, 2988
innovations 2847
inputs 2743, 2748, 2840, 2844, 2874,
2952
INRA-MIAC research 2951
insect pests 2735
insect resistance 2934
insects 2762
institution building 2717, 2741, 2823,
2826, 2833, 2843, 2849,
2867, 2960, 2966, 2967,
2969, 2972, 2973, 2975,
2976, 2978, 2980, 2988,
2999, 3000, 3002, 3003
institutional resources 2949
institutionalization 2795, 2915
institutions 2671, 2676, 2717, 2784,
2797, 2818, 2959, 2961,
2965, 2974, 2981, 2982,
2983, 2984, 2991,
2993-2995, 3005, 3007
integrated pest management 2748,
2762, 2789
integrated systems 2723
intensification 2850, 2878, 2900
intensive farming 2729
intensive husbandry 2690, 2723
intensive production 2728
inter-household research 2897
intercropping 2695-2698, 2725, 2738,
2776, 2787, 2873, 2963,
2977








international cooperation 2823,
2978, 2999, 3000
intervention 2848
interviewing 2929
interviews 2920, 2930
intra-household research 2897
INTSORMIL 2776, 2849, 2866,
2870, 2953
investment 2796, 2840, 2883, 2955
IRAT 2753
irrigated farming 2695, 2726, 2842,
2867, 2984
irrigation 2760, 2796, 2813, 2823,
2842, 2865, 2867,
2880, 2882, 2897,
2955, 2956, 2972,
2997
irrigation systems 2867
ISAR 2676
ISNAR 2967
ISPA 3002
ISRA 2771, 2849
Ivory Coast 2868
Kansas 2736
Kenana cattle 2709
Kenya 2674, 2679, 2681-2683,
2686, 2688, 2697,
2707, 2745, 2754,
2765, 2784, 2785,
2786, 2792, 2800,
2814, 2825, 2827,
2839, 2913, 2950,
2961, 2969
kinship 2803, 2897
lablab beans 2787
labor 2677-2679, 2681-2683, 2692,
2693, 2710, 2715,
2732, 2795, 2799,
2807, 2808, 2813,
2818, 2841, 2850,
2860, 2864, 2867,
2876, 2877, 2880,
2882, 2883-2885,


2888, 2897-2900, 2902,
2904, 2906, 2914, 2952,
2956, 2963, 3012
labor allocation 2906
labor organization 2860, 2864
labor productivity 2679
labor requirements 2906
labor shortage 2799
labor supply 2795, 2818
lactation 2709
land 2670, 2672, 2673, 2677-2679,
2681-2683, 2690, 2698,
2703, 2707, 2715, 2717,
2725, 2736, 2749, 2752,
2795, 2802, 2803, 2811,
2840, 2841, 2850,
2855-2857, 2860, 2867,
2878, 2883, 2887, 2888,
2897-2899, 2904, 2905,
2918, 2952, 2954, 2956,
2987, 2998
land accumulation 2670
land evaluation 2954
land fragmentation 2670
land holdings 2883
land improvement 2857
Land Institute 2736
land preparation 2841
land reclamation 2878
land reform 2802
land tenancy 2795, 2888, 2899
land tenure 2681-2683, 2690, 2715,
2717, 2795, 2803, 2811,
2855, 2856, 2860, 2888,
2899, 2904, 2905, 2918,
2952, 2956, 2987
land use 2672, 2673, 2679, 2690, 2698,
2703, 2707, 2725, 2749,
2795, 2811, 2850, 2888,
2899, 2904, 2905, 2954,
2998
land use planning 2954
large farms 2670








Latin America 2705, 2788, 2888,
2899, 2919, 2921,
2933, 2974, 3003
leadership 2802, 2846
Lebanon 2807
LEFSA 2954
legal systems 2987
legumes 2699, 2720, 2725, 2734,
2735, 2739, 2741,
2775, 2776, 2787,
2855, 2856, 2876,
2879, 2887,
2892-2894, 2901,
2903, 2955, 2964,
2968
legumes -- grain 2879
leguminosae 2753, 2763
lentils 2710, 2858, 2892-2894
Lesotho 2869, 2898, 2989
leuceana 2699
Libya 2715
linear models 2934
linear programming 2954
linkages 2982
livestock 2672, 2673, 2677, 2678,
2681-2686, 2688,
2703, 2708-2710,
2712-2717, 2723,
2725-2728, 2730,
2731, 2735, 2764,
2792, 2793, 2795,
2800, 2823, 2835,
2874, 2880, 2883,
2895, 2897, 2905,
2915, 2931, 2946,
2951-2953, 2956,
2972, 3000, 3012
livestock diet 2713
livestock farming 2703
livestock feeding 2714, 2730, 2764,
2792
livestock health 2713
livestock management 2681-2683


livestock nutrition 2795
livestock planning 2726
livestock production 2708, 2713, 2717,
2723, 2726, 2735, 2895,
2946, 2956, 3000
livestock sector 2726, 2800
livestock systems 2795
living conditions 2796, 2882
machinery 2795, 2955
Madagascar 2719
maize 2677-2679, 2691, 2694,
2697-2699, 2746, 2767,
2774, 2775, 2783, 2787,
2788, 2829, 2835, 2864,
2865, 2874, 2877-2879,
2889-2891, 2904, 2912,
2914, 2918, 2932, 2963,
2971, 2977
maize-cowpea relay 2918
Malawi 2801, 2830, 2831, 2959, 2982
Mali 2719, 2727, 2849, 2881, 2946, 2997
malnutrition 2815
management 2678, 2681-2683, 2698,
2707, 2709, 2715, 2735,
2736, 2741, 2746, 2748,
2756, 2762, 2777, 2789,
2795, 2800, 2805, 2823,
2830, 2831, 2843, 2845,
2846, 2872, 2874, 2879,
2884, 2898, 2912, 2925,
2931, 2951, 2953, 2978,
2993, 2994, 3000, 3006,
3012
management training 2845
mangrove swamps 2871
manufacturing 2857
manure 2763, 2918
market prices 2711
marketing 2672, 2673, 2690, 2695, 2711,
2728, 2773, 2780, 2795,
2808, 2810, 2821, 2836,
2840, 2880, 2897, 2908,








2911, 2920,
2956, 2987,
3000
marketing decisions 2911
marketing systems 3000
markets 2677, 2678, 2850, 2866,
2904, 2955
markets--cultural 2955
marriage 2803
mathematical models 2990
matriliny 2801
Mauritania 2695, 2812, 2816
meat 2723, 2728
mechanization 2670, 2690, 2726,
2735, 2772, 2799,
2835, 2850,
2855-2860, 2862,
2902, 2906, 2912,
2956
medium sized farms 2670
melons 2677, 2678
metabolizable energy 2714
methodology 2693, 2698, 2711,
2731, 2734, 2757,
2782, 2808, 2855,
2858, 2867, 2877,
2884, 2887, 2910,
2911, 2913-2915,
2917, 2920,
2922-2926, 2928-2930,
2932-2934, 2939,
2940, 2946, 2957,
2963, 2971, 2973,
2975, 2976, 2988,
2997, 3004
Mexico 2788, 2865
MIAC 2855, 2937, 2951, 2986,
2990
MIAC-INRA study 2855, 2937
Middle East 2675, 2700, 2710,
2714, 2742, 2743,
2758, 2807,


2838, 2861, 2876, 2948,
2993
migration 2728, 2798, 2799, 2808, 2822,
2860, 2898, 2952, 2956
milk 2709
millet-cowpea association 2918
millets 2679, 2682, 2683, 2698, 2727,
2729, 2762, 2776, 2806,
2825, 2849, 2866, 2870,
2874, 2878, 2879, 2911,
2918, 2932, 2963, 2968,
2997
minimum tillage systems 2699
mixed cropping 2874
mixed farming 2682, 2683, 2688,
2722-2725, 2727, 2730,
2731, 2747, 2905, 2928,
2953
models 2847, 2851, 2873, 2907, 2909,
2927, 2934, 2954, 2956,
2957, 2990, 2997
modification 2911
monitoring 2911, 2947
monocropping 2977
Morocco 2670, 2691, 2694, 2713, 2734,
2735, 2739-2741, 2751,
2769, 2772, 2795, 2824,
2835, 2836, 2847, 2848,
2854-2856, 2858, 2862,
2887, 2889, 2890-2896,
2901-2903, 2914, 2931,
2934, 2936, 2937, 2941,
2942, 2943-2945, 2951,
2958, 2964, 2985, 2986,
2990
mortality 2709
mulching 2963
multidisciplinary research 2920, 2973,
2988
multiple cropping 2696, 2698
musk melon 2700
NARS 2960, 2967, 2980
national income 2818







national programs and projects
2784, 2833, 2842,
2843, 2904, 2923,
2940, 2955, 2958,
2963, 2967, 2968,
2971, 2975, 2978,
2979, 2982, 2984,
2988, 2990-2994,
3001, 3002
natural resources 2743, 2749,
2758, 2805, 2949
networks 3005
Nicaragua 2933
Niger 2708, 2712, 2832, 2874,
2968
Nigeria 2704, 2793, 2874, 2884,
2975
Nile Valley 2947
Nile Valley Project 2947
nitrogen 2748, 2752, 2753, 2792,
2948
nitrogen fixation 2753
nitrogen production 2752
no-tillage systems 2736
nomadism 2765, 2807
nomads 2842
North Africa 2735, 2739-2741,
2751, 2752, 2795,
2817, 2824, 2835,
2836, 2847, 2854,
2862, 2880, 2890,
2895-2897, 2901,
2936, 2941-2945,
2947, 2949, 2958,
2964, 2985, 2986,
2993
North America 2769
nutrients 2696, 2748
nutrition 2671, 2692, 2768, 2777,
2784, 2792, 2795,
2813-2815, 2817,
2818, 2822,


2865, 2907, 2949, 2956,
2971, 3005
nutritional value 2769
OAU 2874, 2999
OAU/STRC 2874
objectives 2678, 2693, 2698, 2705, 2728,
2777, 2815, 2826, 2911,
2925, 2940, 2956,
2971-2973, 2975, 2978,
2999, 3000
occupation 2883
on-farm research 2915, 2924, 2948,
2950, 2977
on-farm testing 2695, 2731, 2778, 2873,
2917, 2923, 2938, 2940,
2963
on-farm trials 2680, 2725, 2776, 2777,
2878, 2913, 2920, 2939,
2941-2945, 2968
onions 2821
operating costs 2734, 2889, 2892-2894
optimization 2954
organic farming 2744, 2748, 2844, 2852,
2970
organization 2670, 2806, 2843, 2845,
2860, 2864, 2867, 2905,
2908, 2929
organizational structures 2845, 2976,
2993, 2994, 3000
oxen 2690, 2719, 2721, 2723, 2724,
2728, 2850
Pacific 2789, 2915, 2923, 2984
Panama 2933
participation 2704, 2795, 2869, 2925
participatory strategies 2869, 2918
pastoral society 2842
pastoralism 2708, 2715-2717, 2800,
2807, 2842, 2946
pastures 2723, 2737
Peace Corps 2819
peas 2679, 2682, 2683, 2892-2894
peasant farming 2822, 2905
perennials 2747








performance testing 2771, 2827
periodicals 2744
personnel 2843, 2884, 2940, 2972,
2973, 2978, 3012
pest control 2746, 2748, 2762,
2789, 2837, 2847,
2931
pest management 2698, 2707,
2748, 2762, 2789
pest resistance 2746, 2769, 2783,
2789
pests 2680, 2735, 2784
phaseolus acutifolius 2785
phaseolus vulgaris 2680, 2773
Philippines 2789, 2923
physical features 2911
physiology 2755, 2951
pigeon peas 2679, 2682, 2683
pilot projects 2762
planning 2677, 2678, 2698, 2710,
2725, 2726, 2731,
2762, 2796, 2803,
2815, 2829, 2833,
2843, 2857, 2874,
2886, 2900, 2905,
2909, 2925, 2939,
2940, 2954-2956,
2960, 2966,
2971-2973, 2975,
2978, 2988, 2999,
3012
planning limitations 2954
planning of research 2677, 2678,
2698, 2725, 2731,
2762, 2815, 2829,
2874, 2905, 2909,
2925, 2939, 2940,
2956, 2960, 2966,
2971-2973, 2975,
2978, 2988, 2999,
3012
plant breeding 2735, 2746, 2769,
2784, 2937, 2986


plant competition 2696
plant diseases 2698, 2735, 2773
plant genetics 2736, 2761, 2783, 2784
plant pathology 2734, 2735, 2739, 2740,
2986
plantains 2677, 2678, 2698
planting 2729, 2746, 2861, 2889,
2891-2894, 2902, 2914,
2963
planting dates 2914
planting methods 2729, 2914, 2963
plowing 2723, 2850
policy 2690, 2717, 2726, 2750, 2752,
2794, 2795, 2798, 2799,
2805, 2817, 2818, 2820,
2822, 2840, 2841, 2843,
2846-2848, 2850, 2859,
2884, 2888, 2899, 2904,
2911, 2925, 2934, 2952,
2956, 2959, 2967, 2969,
2975, 2978, 2980, 2998,
3000, 3002, 3005, 3012
policy changes 2934
political attitudes 3008
political economy 2800, 2987
political position 2897
political systems 2867
politics 2819, 2846
polyculture 2696, 2698, 2738
popularization 2882
population 2672, 2673, 2796, 2798, 2840
population growth 2798, 2840
postharvest systems 2692, 2838
potatoes 2674, 2676, 2677, 2780, 2782,
2786, 2790, 2810, 2971
poverty 2798, 2819
power structure 2802
prairies 2736
prairies--domestic 2736
prairies--native 2736
pre-harvest operations 2694
precipitation 2680, 2752, 2755, 2757,
2795, 2877







price policy 2690, 2752, 2795,
2818, 2820, 2840,
2847
price support 2847
prices 2711, 2773, 2799, 2812,
2816, 2956
private organizations 2961
private sector 2961
probability analysis 2755
problem identification 2672, 2678,
2679, 2695, 2698,
2723, 2725, 2728,
2739, 2740, 2746,
2762, 2815, 2822,
2823, 2843, 2845,
2905, 2906, 2909,
2911, 2913, 2917,
2919, 2920, 2925,
2932, 2939, 2940,
2952, 2963, 2971,
2978, 2979, 2995,
3012
production 2669, 2674, 2679, 2682,
2683, 2688, 2690,
2693, 2694, 2698,
2700, 2705, 2708,
2710, 2713, 2714,
2717, 2721, 2723,
2725, 2726, 2728,
2730, 2732, 2734,
2735, 2748-2750,
2752, 2757-2760,
2762, 2777, 2780,
2782, 2786,
2795-2797, 2806,
2808, 2813-2815,
2817, 2822, 2825,
2827, 2835, 2840,
2841, 2861, 2864,
2867, 2874, 2877,
2878, 2887, 2889,
2891-2897, 2901-2905,
2907, 2911, 2912,


2914, 2916, 2919, 2925,
2933, 2935, 2937, 2940,
2946, 2949, 2951, 2952,
2956, 2971, 2973, 2977,
2992, 2999, 3000, 3002,
3003, 3005
production constraints 2713, 2911
production costs 2895, 2896, 2901, 2903,
2904, 2912
production strategies 2897
production systems 2693, 2797, 2806,
2878, 2919, 2935, 3002,
3003
production trends 2726
productivity 2679, 2710, 2714, 2715,
2718, 2743, 2758, 2795,
2835, 2841, 2857, 2872,
2884, 2897, 2980, 2992
program implementation 2955
programs and projects 2671, 2676,
2689, 2715, 2717, 2728,
2731, 2732, 2738, 2745,
2746, 2756, 2762, 2777,
2784, 2823, 2825, 2833,
2839, 2842, 2843, 2845,
2846, 2849, 2879, 2904,
2909, 2911, 2923, 2928,
2931, 2940, 2952, 2955,
2956, 2958, 2962-2964,
2967-2969, 2971-2975,
2978, 2979, 2981-2986,
2988-2994, 2996, 2997,
2999, 3000, 3001-3012
project design 2675, 2741, 2762, 2909,
2913, 2942-2945, 2947,
2958, 2985, 2990
project implementation 2857, 2880,
2947
project proposals 2745
projects 2671, 2676, 2689, 2715, 2717,
2728, 2731, 2732, 2738,
2745, 2746, 2756, 2762,
2777, 2784, 2794, 2796,








2823, 2825,
2833, 2839,
2842, 2843,
2845, 2846,
2849, 2879,
2880, 2904,
2909, 2911,
2923, 2928,
2931, 2939,
2940, 2952,
2955, 2956,
2958,
2962-2964,
2967-2969,
2971-2975,
2978, 2979,
2981-2986,
2988-2994,
2996, 2997,
2999-3012
protein 2727, 2732, 2817
public perimeter irrigation 2882
pump technology 2875
pumps 2875
quinoa 2781
rain-fed farming 2757, 2760, 2771,
2806, 2855, 2870,
2964
Rainfed Agriculture Project 2670
rainforests 2756
ranching 2715
range management 2715, 2735,
2795, 2800, 2953
rangeland 2728
rapid rural appraisal 2808, 2930
rationing 2817
rats 2837
recommendation domains 2711,
2924
recommendations 2677, 2678,
2687, 2697, 2745,
2776, 2820, 2823,
2827, 2870, 2882,


2911, 2931, 2949, 2950,
2971, 2999, 3005
recommended technology 2679
regional agricultural policy 2848
regional planning 2954
regions 2679, 2681-2683, 2706, 2734,
2735, 2739, 2740, 2760,
2785, 2795, 2839, 2863,
2872, 2875, 2890, 2906,
2908, 2911, 2964
reindeer 2715
relational data bases 2954
reports 2689, 2962, 3010
reproduction 2709
research 2675, 2677, 2678, 2684-2686,
2693, 2698, 2700, 2710,
2714, 2717, 2725, 2731,
2742, 2757, 2758, 2762,
2797, 2815, 2829, 2838,
2840, 2849, 2857, 2861,
2874, 2878, 2897, 2902,
2905, 2909-2911, 2915,
2917, 2920, 2922,
2924-2926, 2937, 2939,
2940, 2948, 2950, 2951,
2953, 2955-2958, 2960,
2961, 2965-2968,
2971-2973, 2975, 2977,
2978, 2980-2983, 2988,
2993-2995, 2998-3000,
3002, 3003, 3007, 3012
research centers 2684-2686, 2967, 2971,
2982
research development objectives 2693
research funding 2967
research institutes 2849, 2911, 2972,
2973, 2975, 3000, 3003
research methodology 2693
research philosophy 2957
research policy 2967, 2975
research technology 2911
resettlement 2802
resistance genes 2734, 2735







resource allocation 2841
resource conservation 2823, 2953
resource control 2690, 2888, 2899
resource management 2800, 2823
resource use 2681-2683, 2840
resource utilization 2696
resources 2677, 2678, 2743, 2749,
2758, 2761, 2796,
2805, 2949, 2953,
2980, 3012
revenues 2882, 2889, 2891-2894
rice 2677, 2698, 2727, 2789, 2813,
2867, 2871, 2874,
2878, 2912, 2963,
2971, 2984
rice production 2813
risk analysis 2724, 2935, 2959
risks 2886, 2887, 2937
roles 2808, 2811, 2860, 2884, 2952
rotations 2693, 2695, 2701, 2710,
2746, 2914, 2951
ruminants 2713, 2728, 2730, 2792,
2793, 2884, 2952
rural development 2687, 2794,
2798, 2820, 2845,
2867, 2878, 2972,
2979
rural households 2795
rural life 2949
rural organization 2905
rural sociology 2905, 2929, 2932,
2986, 2988
rural women 2808, 2822, 2952
Rwanda 2676, 2702, 2780, 2784,
2957, 2991
SAFGRAD 2778, 2849, 2874,
2879, 2911, 2999
SAFGRAD Farming Systems
Project 2911
Safi province 2855, 2856, 2902,
2903, 2934
Sahel 2706, 2723, 2728, 2729,
2749, 2759, 2771,


2806, 2819, 2845, 2863,
2872, 2874, 2875, 2881,
2906, 2916, 2953, 2956,
2992, 2997
savanna 2737, 2746
scarification 2746
seasonal labor 2906
seasonality 2695, 2728, 2812, 2816,
2850, 2908
seed drills 2861
seed mixtures 2773
seed potatoes 2782
seed production 2777, 2782, 2795
seed selection 2773
seed testing 2939
seeding 2931
seeds 2680, 2692, 2695, 2762, 2767,
2774-2776, 2783, 2786,
2858, 2866, 2870, 2914
self sufficiency 2904
self-sufficiency 2860
semiarid tropics 2746, 2797, 2886
semiarid zones 2679, 2681-2683, 2697,
2702, 2725, 2727, 2734,
2735, 2745, 2753, 2754,
2769, 2771, 2778, 2812,
2816, 2824, 2825, 2839,
2842, 2871, 2874, 2878,
2879, 2987, 2999
Senegal 2729, 2757, 2760, 2771, 2794,
2806, 2849, 2863, 2867,
2874, 2875, 2878, 2906,
2908, 2975, 2997, 3002
service center 2857
sesame 2700, 2866
settlement 2888, 2899
settlements 2900
sheep 2710, 2713-2715, 2720, 2727,
2730, 2835, 2884
shifting cultivation 2701
shrubs 2702
Sierra Leone 2687, 2843, 2907, 2971








small farmers 2671, 2676, 2738,
2818, 2844, 2879,
3003
small farms 2670, 2698, 2703,
2721, 2723, 2808,
2815, 2841, 2856,
2867, 2874, 2884,
2929, 2952, 2956,
2973, 3004
small ruminants 2713, 2728, 2730,
2884, 2952
social analysis 2808
social anthropology 2988
social change 2802, 2884
social environment 2796
social history 2670
social institutions 2818
social organization 2670
social policy 2794
social science 2931
social status 2897
social stratification 2809
social structure 2802, 2807, 2884,
2916
socioeconomic analysis 2698, 2796,
2811, 2815, 2842,
2886, 2916, 2963
socioeconomic change 2807
socioeconomic conditions 2672,
2673, 2739, 2740,
2795, 2820, 2829,
2911, 2918, 2954,
3005
socioeconomic constraints 2670,
2697, 2718, 2870
socioeconomic organization 2806,
2867, 2908, 2929
socioeconomic status 2727, 2885,
2898
socioeconomic systems 2881
sociological analysis 2822, 2929,
2932


sociology 2734, 2905, 2907, 2929, 2932,
2986, 2988
soil conservation 2703, 2738, 2747,
2754, 2874
soil erosion 2738
soil fertility 2698, 2704, 2731, 2739,
2741, 2746, 2753, 2795,
2874, 2923, 2925, 2931,
2956
soil management 2736, 2741, 2746,
2756, 2872, 2879, 2931,
2951
soil moisture 2795
soil preparation 2858, 2874
soil testing 2795
soil types 2700, 2795
soils 2672, 2673, 2679, 2680, 2752, 2755,
2756, 2772, 2877, 2914
solar radiation 2696
solution design 2731, 2815, 2925
Somalia 2715, 2784, 2939
sondeos 2909, 2928, 2930
sorghum 2679, 2682, 2683, 2698, 2776,
2784, 2806, 2825, 2842,
2849, 2866, 2870, 2874,
2878, 2879, 2911, 2918,
2919, 2932, 2935, 2963,
2977, 2997
South Africa 2864, 3004
South America 2781, 2921
South Asia 2859
Southern Africa 2801, 2864, 2869, 2898,
2969
sowing 2776, 2941
sowing methods 2941
soybeans 3005
specialization 2810
Sri Lanka 2954
staple crops 2781, 2879
station management 2931
statistical analysis 2890, 2923
statistics 2733, 2855, 2937
stocks 2918







storage 2812, 2816, 2889,
2891-2894, 2902,
2908, 2956
stratification 2723, 2728, 2809
straw 2751
striga 2784
subsidies 2847
subsistence farming 2681, 2715,
2808, 2822, 2898,
2932
subtropics 2791
Sudan 2706, 2709, 2711, 2723,
2725, 2746, 2776,
2777, 2784, 2833,
2842, 2866, 2870,
2874, 2916, 2947,
2953
Sudanian zone 2749
sunflowers 2963
surveys 2669, 2672, 2673,
2677-2679, 2681-2683,
2711, 2713, 2721,
2731, 2757, 2762,
2777, 2778, 2806,
2808, 2812, 2816,
2885, 2889, 2890,
2892, 2893, 2894,
2908, 2909, 2920,
2928-2930, 2932,
2939, 2954, 2956,
3000, 3012
surveys--long term 2757
surveys--short term 2890, 2930
sustainability 2696, 2720, 2730,
2736, 2737, 2744,
2748, 2750, 2783,
2805, 2828, 2844,
2852, 2853, 2872,
2910, 2915, 2922,
2924, 2926, 2965,
2967, 2970, 2974,
2995, 2998, 3007-3009
sustainable agriculture 2978


Swaziland 2808, 2815, 2826, 2904, 2929,
2940
sweet potatoes 2676, 2971
Syria 2675, 2700, 2710, 2714, 2742,
2743, 2758, 2807, 2838,
2861, 2876, 2948
systems analysis 2953
Tanzania 2668, 2669, 2672, 2673, 2680,
2689, 2690, 2692, 2703,
2738, 2783, 2784, 2885,
2962, 3010, 3011
target selection 2711, 2939
taro 2677, 2678
teacher training 2833
teaching methods 2834
technical assistance 2992
technical production 2889, 2891-2894
technicians 3012
techniques 2854
technological change 2807, 2872
technological history 2865
technological improvements 2726
technology 2671, 2676, 2679, 2699,
2707, 2711, 2723, 2724,
2729, 2731, 2732, 2739,
2740, 2741, 2745, 2749,
2762, 2776, 2795, 2801,
2802, 2807, 2813, 2819,
2820, 2823, 2829-2831,
2844, 2847, 2850-2853,
2855, 2857, 2862-2868,
2870-2879, 2885, 2902,
2905, 2910, 2911, 2917,
2918, 2922, 2924-2926,
2932, 2933, 2935, 2940,
2949-2952, 2955, 2956,
2963-2965, 2971-2973,
2976, 2985, 2987, 2988,
2990, 2995, 3000, 3002,
3003
technology analysis 2711, 2739, 2740,
2847, 2851, 2862, 2935
.technology application 2949




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