Citation
A farming systems research bibliography of Kansas State University's vertical file materials

Material Information

Title:
A farming systems research bibliography of Kansas State University's vertical file materials 1992 supplement
Series Title:
Paper
Creator:
Donoghue, Nancy H
Hargett, Dean A
Kansas State University -- Libraries. -- Resources on Developing Countries
Place of Publication:
Manhattan Kan
Publisher:
Resources on Developing Countries, Farrell Library, Kansas State University
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
xviii, 124 p. : ; 28 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Agricultural systems -- Bibliography -- Catalogs ( lcsh )
Genre:
bibliography ( marcgt )
catalog ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
"Office of International Agricultural Programs U.S. AID Title XII Strengthening Grant."--Cover.
General Note:
"Fall 1992."
General Note:
"Supplement four to the revised edition."
General Note:
Includes indexes.
Funding:
Farming systems research paper series ;
Statement of Responsibility:
Nancy H. Donoghue and Dean A. Hargett, compilers and editors.

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University of Florida
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Resource Identifier:
28566624 ( OCLC )

Full Text
( 077
OFFICE OF INTERI-ATONALIAGRICULTURAL PROGRAMS
U.S. AID TITLE XII
STRENGTHENING GRANT
A FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH
BIBLIOGRAPHY OF KANSAS STATE
UNIVERSITY'S VERTICAL FILE MATIALS:
1992 SUPPLEMENT
Nancy H. Donoghue and Dean A. Ekrgett Compilers and Editors
Paper No. 4S4 Supplement Four
to the
Revised Edition
Fall 1992
FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH
PAPER SERIES
KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY MANHATTAN, KANSAS 66506 U.S.A.




A FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH
BIBLIOGRAPHY OF KANSAS STATE
UNIVERSITY'S VERTICAL FILE MATERIALS:
1992 SUPPLEMENT
Nancy H. Donoghue and Dean A. Hargett
Compilers and Editors
Paper No. 4S4
Supplement Four
to the
Revised Edition
Fall 1992
Resources on Developing countries Farrell Library Kansas State University Manhattan, Kansas 66506-1200 USA




NOTICE OF NON-DISCRIMINATION
Kansas State University is committed to a policy of nondiscrimination on the basis of race, sex, national origin,
handicap, or other non-merit reasons, in admissions, educational programs or activities, and employment, all as required by applicable laws and regulations. Responsibility for coordination
of compliance efforts and receipt of inquiries, including those concerning Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, has been delegated to Jane D. Rowlett, Ph.D., Director, Affirmative Action Office, 214
Anderson Hall, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas 66506 (913-532-6220).




FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND THE KSU COLLECTION
Kansas State University is one of the increasing -number of institutions involved in farming systems research/extension (FSR/E). The Library has organized a collection of materials available to persons interested in the subject.
The Technical Advisory Committee's Review Team of Farming Systems Research has defined a farming system as:
"a complicated, interwoven mesh of soils, plants, animals, implements, workers, other inputs and environmental influences with the strands held and manipulated by a person called the farmer who, given his [or her] preferences and aspirations, attempts to produce output from the inputs and technology available to him [or her]. It is the farmer's unique understanding of his immediate environment, both natural and socio-economic, that results in his [or
her] farming system."
It goes on to describe FSR as:
"research (including training) which: (1) is conducted with a recognition of and focusing towards the
interdependencies and inter-relationships that exist among elements of the farm system, and between these elements and the farm environment; and (2) is aimed at enhancing the efficacy of farming systems through the better focusing of agricultural research so as to facilitate the generation and testing of improved
technology.
"The major activities involved in FSR are:
(a) The collection and analysis of base data;
(b) The study of existing farming systems;
(c) The design of new farming systems; (d) Farm systems experimentation; and
(e) The evaluation and monitoring of new farming systems."'
Farming Sy~tems Research at the International AGricultural Research Centers, Washington, World Bank for TAC Secretariat/FAO, 1978, page 8.
iii




THE SUPPLEMENT...
lists FSR vertical file material and selected publications with Library of Congress classification numbers from KSU's Farrell
Library. This Supplement continues the FSR documentation ef fort at KSU from the following four previously issued bibliographies:
Graham, Gretchen A., ed. A Farming Systems Research Bibliography of
Kansas State University's Vertical File Materials (Revised Edition). Farming Systems Research Paper Series no. 4.
Manhattan, Kan.: Resources on Developing Countries, Farrell
Library, Kansas State University. 1986.
Young, Noel D. and Elsa Eaton, eds. A Farming Systems Research
Bibliography of Kansas State University's Vertical File Materials: Some Selections from the Peter E. Hildebrand
Collection. Part One. Farming Systems Research Paper Series no.
4S1 (supplement 1 to the rev. ed.). Manhattan, Kan.: Resources on Developing Countries, Farrell Library, Kansas State
University. 1988.
Meyn, Tod L. and Nancy Donoghue, eds. A Farming Systems
Research Bibliography of Kansas State University's Vertical File Materials: 1990 Supplement. Farming Systems Research Paper
Series no. 4S2 (supplement 2 to the rev. ed.). Manhattan, Kan.: Resources on Developing Countries, Farrell Library, Kansas State
University. 1990.
Donoghue, Nancy H. and Dean A. Hargett, eds. A Farming Systems
Research Bibliography of Kansas State University's Vertical File Materials: 1991 Supplement. Farming Systems*Research Paper
Series no. 4S3 (supplement 3 to the rev. ed.). Manhattan, Kan.: Resources on Developing Countries, Farrell Library, Kansas State
University. 1991.
Two other bibliographies in the FSR Paper Series are:
Young, Noel D. and Tod L. Meyn, comps. and eds. Women in
Development: Selections from Kansas State University's Vertical File Materials. Farming Systems Research Paper Series no. 21.
Manhattan, Kan.': Resources on Developing Countries, Farrell
Library, Kansas State University. 1989.
Young, Noel D. and Tod L. Meyn, comps. and eds. Botswana and
Bechuanaland Items Held in Farrell Library: A Compendium of Books, Documents. Reports. Journal Articles, and Fugitive
Literature, Part One. Farming Systems Research Paper Series no.
20. Manhattan, Kan. : Resources on Developing Countries, Farrell
Library, Kansas State University. 1939.
iv




The vertical file material includes unpublished papers, drafts, house organs and other non-conventional items. Keyword, title and primary author indices are provided. The standard for keywording is an "enhanced" CAB Thesaurus. Those items marked with a "++" in the location code have not yet been assigned a Library of Congress classification number.
Materials cited in this bibliography may be obtained in the following manner:
1) For KSU Library card holders, by coming to the Resources on
Developing Countries Department, Room 314, Farrell Library, and
checking out the material from the librarian;
2) For all other United States' requestors, through interlibrary
loan service, according to interlibrary loan and KSU Libraries
guidelines;
3) For persons outside the United States, and without interlibrary
loan services, by mail (requests will be filled subject to copyright status and length of item). Send your inquiries to:
Resources on Developing Countries
Farrell Library
Kansas State University
Manhattan, Kansas 66506-1200, USA
TEL: (913) 532-7451 FAX: (913) 532-6144
We welcome suggestions and donations of new materials for the Farming Systems Collection.
Nancy H. Donoghue
Librarian
Resources on Developing Countries BITNET: NANCYDON@KSUVM
v




TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction ......... ...................... iii
Parts of the Citation ....... ................... vii
Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Initialisms .. ........ viii
Subject Headings ........ .................... xvi
Citations .............. ........................ 1
Keyword Index ........... ..................... 83
Title Index .......... ....................... 107
Author Index ......... ...................... 117
Farming Systems Research Paper Series .. .......... 124
vi




PARTS OF THE CITATION
accession number title place of publisher citation to larger work
I publication
2812 FOOD CONSUMPTION SURVE4 IN GUIDIsMAKA4 GORGOL, ieRAKNAvAND
TRARZA REGIONS. IN: Farming Systems Research Along the Senegal River Valley Frankenberger, T.R. (1986) Tucson, Ariz.: Uhiv. of Arizona, College of Agriculture.
(Mauritania Agricultural Research Project II; Report No.3, Apr. 1986) 105p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Mauritania, semiarid zones, surveys, food
consumption, food preferences, food preparation, food prices, food storage, food distribution, wild plants, diseases, women, gardens, food shortages, seasonality MR.3.D
keywords location code
vii




ABBREVIATIONS, ACRONYMS, AND INITIALISMS
AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science
AABGA American Association of Botanical Gardens and
Arboreta
ACDI Agricultural Cooperative Development International
ACDI Agencia Canadiense para el Desarrollo Internacional
ACIAR Australian Centre for International Agricultural
Research
AD Agricultural Administration
ADB Asian Development Bank
ADC Agricultural Development Council
ADNP Agricultural Development Ngamiland Project
ADP Agricultural Development Programme (Pakistan)
AFTRCW/UNEC African Training and Research Centre for
Women/United Nations Economic Commission for Africa AHS American Horticulture Society
AIA Agricultor-Investigacion-Agricultor
AICRPDA ?
AID/S&T Agency for International Development/Bureau for
Science and Technology
AID Agency for International Development
ALDEP Arable Lands Development Program
APCWD Asian and Pacific Centre for Women and Development
(Bangkok, Thailand)
ASA American Society of Agronomy
ASAE American Society of Agricultural Engineers
ASPAC/FFT Food and Fertilizer Technology Center of the Asian
and Pacific Region
ASTA American Seed Trade Association
ATIP Agricultural Technology Improvement Project
(Botswana)
AVRDC Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center
BAEP Bureau of Economic Analysis and Planning
BARC Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council
BARI Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute
BIFAD Board for International Food and Agricultural
Development
BDPA Bureau pour le developpement de la production
agricole
c copyright
C.I.,A.T. Centro de Investigacion Agricola Tropical (Bolivia)
CAEP Caribbean Agricultural Extension Project
CARDI Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development
Institute (U. of the West Indies)
CATIE Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y
Ensenanza
CATIE/ROCAP Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investig.qacion y
Ensenanza/Regional Office for Central American
Programs
CDR Centre for Development Research
viii




CENDA Centro de Desarrollo Agropecuario (Zona Norte)
CENDERCO Centro para el Desarrollo Rural y Cooperativo
CENDHRRA ? (San Juan, Rizal, Philippines)
CENTA/BID Centro Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria/? (El
Salvador)
CENTA Centro Nacional.de Tecnologia Agropecuaria
CENTO Central Treaty Organization
CEPAL Economic Commision for Latin America (Santiago,
Chile)
CES Cooperative Extension Service (U.S.)
CGIAR Consultative Group on International Agricultural
Research
CIAR Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical
CIARLA Centro de Investigaciones Agropecuarias Region Los
Andes
CIAT Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical
CID Consortium for International Development
CIDA Canadian International Development Agency
CILSS Comite permanent interetat du lutte contre le
secheresse dans le Sahel-Permanent Interstate
Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel)
CIMMYT Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y
Trigo
CIP Centro Internacional de la Papa
CIPEA Centre international pour 1'elevage en Afrique
CLADES Latin American Centre for Economic and Social
Documentation
CLSR Crop-Livestock Systems Research
CLSU Central Luzon State University
comp., comps. compiler, compilers CONAE Coordinadora Nacional de Agricultura Ecologica
(Peru)
CRDI Centre de recherche pour le
developpementinternational
CRIA Central Research Institute for Agriculture
(Indonesia)
CRIFC Central Research Institute for Food Crops
CRSP Collaborative Research Support Program
DAI Development Alternatives, Inc.
DAP Draught Animal Power
Dept. Department
DESFIL Development Strategies for Fragile Lands
DRSPR Division de Recherches sur les Systemes de
Production Rurale, Mali
ed., eds. editor, editors
EFSAIP Evaluation of Farming Systems & Agricultural
Implements Project (Sebele, Botswana)
EMBRAPA Empressa Brasiliera de Pesqcuina Agropecuaria
et al. used when there are more than 3 authors)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
Nations
ix




FAO/SID Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
Nations/Swedish International Development Agency FONAIAP Fondo Nacional de Investigaciones
Agropecuarias(?)/Development(?)(Project)
FSDP-EV Farming Systems Development Project Eastern
Visayas (Philippines)
FSIP Farming Systems Improvement Project (Rwanda)
FSR farming systems research
FSR/E Farming Systems Research/Extension
FSR/D Farming Systems Research/Development
FSSP Farming Systems Support Project (University of
Florida, Gainesville)
FSSP/GARD Farming Systems Support Project (University of
Florida, Gainesville)/Gambia Agricultural Research
and Diversification (?)
FSSR Farming Systems Southern Region
FY fiscal year
GARD Gambia Agricultural Research and Diversification
(?)/Development (?) (Project)
GERDA Groupement d'etudes et du recherches pour le
developpement de l'agronomie tropical GIA Agrarian Research Group (Chile)
GIS geographic information systems
GRET Groupe de Recherche et d'Echanges Technologiques,
France
HYVs high yielding varieties
I.A.P.M.P International Agricultural Production and Marketing
Project (KSU)
IAAE International Association of Agricultural
Economists
IADS International Agricultural Development Service
IAF Inter-American Foundation
IAFP International Agricultural and Food Program (Cook
College, Rutgers University)
IARCs International Agricultural Research Centers
IARI International Agricultural Research Institute
IBPGR International Board for Plant Genetic Resources
ICA Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario
ICAR Indian Council of Agricultural Research
ICARDA International Center for Agricultural Research in
the Dry Areas
ICLARM International Centre for Living Aquatic Resources
Management
ICMRD International Center for Marine Resource
Development
ICRAF International Center for Research in Agroforestry
ICRISAT International Crops Research Institute for the
Semi-Arid Tropics
ICRW International Center for Research on Women
ICSU International Council of Scientific Unions
x




ICTA Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnologia AgricolasInstitute of Agricultural Science and Technology
(Guatemala)
IDIAP Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias de
Panama
IDRC International Development Research Centre
IDS Institute for Development Studies
IDS international development strategy
IDWSSD International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation
Decade
IE&R, IPIA International Education and Research, International
Programs in Agriculture (Purdue U.)
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFDC/IRA International Fertilizer Development
Center/Institute du recherche agronomique
IFOAM International Federation of Organic Agricultural
Movements
IFPP Integrated Farming Pilot Project (Pelotshetlha)
IFPRI International Food Policy Research Institute
IIAP Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias de
Panama
IICA/INR Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on
Agriculture/Institute national de recherches
agronomiques
IICA/CIDIA Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on
Agriculture Instituto Interamericano de Ciencias Agricolas de la Organizacion de Estados Americanos/Centro Interamericano de Documentacion
e Informacion Agricola
IIED International Institute for Environment and
Development
IITA International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
ILCA International Livestock Center for Africa
ILEIA Information Centre for Low-External-Input and
Sustainable Agriculture (Netherlands) ILO International Labour Organisation
ILRAD International Laboratory for Research on Animal
Diseases, Kenya
IMF International Monetary Fund
INCAP Instituto de Nutricion de Centroamerica y Panama
INIA Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agrarias
INIAA Instituto Nacional de Investigacion Agropecuaria y
Agroindustrial (Peru)
INIAP Instituto Nacional de Investigacion Agropecuaria
INRA Institute national de la recherche agricole
INRAN Institute national de recherches agronomiques des
Niger
Inst. Institute
INSTRAW International Research and Training Institute for
the Advancement of Women
INTERPAKS International Program for Agricultural Knowledge
Systems (U. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign)
xi




INTSOIL International Soil Management Program
INTSORMIL International Sorghum/Millet/Collaborative Research
Support Program
IPIA International Programs in Agriculture (Purdue
University)
IPM integrated pest management
IRAEN International Rice Agro-Economic Network
IRAT Institute des recherches agronomiques tropicales et
des cultures vivrieres
IRCs International Research Centers
IRCT/Mali Institut de recherche du coton et des textiles
exotiques (Mali)
IRRI International Rice Research Institute
ISA Investigacion de Sistemas Agropecuarios
ISAR Institute for Agricultural Research (Rwanda)
ISNAR International Service for National Agricultural
Research
ISRA Institut Sdnegalais de Recherche Agricole Senegal
Agricultural Research Institute ISS Institute of Social Studies
IT Intermediate Technology
IUFS&T International Union of Food Science & Technology
(Goteborg, Sweden)
IUNS International Union of Nutritional Sciences
(Zurich)
KIT Koninklijke Instituut voor de Tropen (Royal
Tropical Institute), Netherlands KKU Khon Kaen University, Thailand
KKU/FCSP Khon Kaen University/Ford Cropping Systems Project
KSU Kansas State University (Manhattan, Kansas)
LASA Lesotho Agricultural Sector Analysis Project
MAFC Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Affairs
(Barbados)
MARC Monitoring and Assessment Research Centre
MARIF Malang Research Institute for Food Crops
MDP Molapo'-Development Project (Maun)
MF microfiche
MIAC MidAmerica International Agricultural Consortium
MIDAS Managed Inputs and Delivery of Agricultural
Services
MP miscellaneous papers
MSTT Modular System for Technology Transference
MSU Michigan State University (East Lansing, Michigan)
n.d. no date of publication
NADP Ngamiland and Agricultural Development Project
(Gomare)
NARS national agricultural research systems
NERAD Northeast Rainfed Agricultural Development Project
(Thailand)
NFTA Nitrogen Fixing Tree Association
NGA National Grains Authority (Quezon City,
Philippines)
xii




NGO non-governmental organization
NIEO new international economic order
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NRDP National Rural Development Project (Malawi)
NRECA National Rural Electric Cooperative Association
NSW/ACT New South Wales/Australian Capital Territory
OAS Organization of American States
OAU/STRC Organization of African Unity/Scientific Technical
Research Commission
OAU Organization of African Unity
ODA Overseas Development Administration
ODI Overseas Development Institute
OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and
Development
OLC Overseas Liaison Committee (American Council on
Education)
ORD Organisme regional de developpement
ORSTOM Office de la recherche scientifique et technique
outre-mer
PAC Pakhribas Agricultural Centre (Nepal)
PACO Projet Agricole du Centre-Ouest (Ivory Coast)
PAR planning-centered approach to research
PARC Pakistan Agricultura Research Council
PASITA Program of Advanced Studies in Institution Building
and Technical Assistance Methodology
PATA Provincially Administered Tribal Areas (Pakistan)
PC paper copy
PCARR Philippine Council for Agriculture and Resources
Research
PCARRD Philippine Council for Agriculture and Resource
Research and Development
PCCMCA Programa Cooperativo Centroamericano para el
Mejoramiento de Cultivos Alimenticios
PGRCE Plant Genetic Resource Center for Ethiopia
PN publication number
PR progress report
PRC People's Republic of China
PROGETTAPS Proyecto de Generaci6n y Transferencia de
Tecnologia Agropecuaria y Producci6n de Semillas
(Guatemala)
PROTAAL Proyecto Cooperativo de Investigacion sobre
Tecnologia Agropecuaria en America Latina
PSCPA Proyecto de Sistemas de Cultivo para Pequenos
Agricultores y del Istmo Centroamericano
PTPA Proyecto de Tecnologia para Pequenos Agricultores
RD reporting documents
ROC Republic of China
ROCAP Regional Office of Central American Programs
RPO ? (World Bank)/International Finance Corporation
RRFH regular research field hearings
RTN Research and Training Network
s.l. no location of publisher/printer
xiii




s.n. no name of publisher/printer
S&T/AGR/AP Bureau for Science and Technology/office of
Agriculture/?
SACUC Swaziland Agricultural College and University
Centre
SADCC Southern African Development Coordination Committee
SADDC Southern African Development Coordination Committee
SAFGRAD Semi-Arid Food Grains Research and Development
Program
SAREC Swedish Agency for Research Cooperation with
Developing Countries
SAT semi-arid tropics
SEADAG Southeast Asian Development Advisory Group
SEARCA Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study
and Research in Agriculture
SIRDO Integrated System for Recycling Organic Wastes
SOA School On-The-Air
SR-CRSP Small Ruminant-Collaborative Research Support
Program (Germany)
SSRC/SERP Social Science Research Centre/Socio-Economic
Research Project
STRC/OAU Sc i ent if i c Technical Research
Commission/Organization of African Unity
SURIF Sukamandi Research Institute for Food Crops
(Subang, West Java, Indonesia) T&V training and visit system
TARO Tanzania Agricultural Research Organization
TES typical (Developing Country) extension systems
TFNC Tanzania Food and Nutrition Centre
TIF Technological Improvement File
Trans. translation
U. University
UN United Nations
UN/ESCAP United Nations/Economic and Social Commission for
Asia and the Pacific
UNAZA ? (Zaire)
UNDP/FAO United Nations Development Programme/Food and
Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and
Cultural Organization
UNU United Nations University (Tokyo)
US United States
USAID United States Agency for International Development
USDA United States Department of Agriculture
var. various (paging)
VITA Volunteers in Technical Assistance
VLS village level studies
VLS village level studies
rol. vols. volume, volumes WA West Africa
WARDA West Africa Rice Development Association
WHO World Health Organization
xiv




WIADP Women in Agriculture (Development Project)
WIDRIC Women and International Development Research and
Information Center (U. of Minnesota, Minneapolis,
Minnesota)
Winrock Winrock International Institute for Agricultural
Development
WIP Winrock International publication
WIRFS Women in Rice Farming Systems
WP working papers
WSARP Western Sudan Agricultural Research Project
xv




SUBJECT HEADINGS
FARMING SYSTEMS: DESCRIPTIVE (GENERAL AND INCLUSIVE) ....... ..................... 1
A. CROPPING PATTERNS ........... .................................. 2
1. POLYCULTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2. DOUBLE OR TRIPLE CROPS
3. FALLOWING AND COVER CROPPING, TILLAGE SYSTEMS ...... ................ 4
4. CROP ROTATIONS
5. SHIFTING CULTIVATION .......... ............................. 4
6. PLANTATIONS AND AGRO-SILVICULTURE ........ ...................... 5
B. ANIMAL SYSTEMS ............ .................................... 6
C. MIXED SYSTEMS ............ .................................... 9
D. AQUACULTURE AND AGRICULTURE .......... ............................. 12
I PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL FACTORS ........... ............................... 12
A. PHYSICAL FACTORS ..................................................... 13
1. LAND AND SOILS, FERTILIZER ......... .......................... 13
2. AGROCLIHATOLOGY .......... ............................... 16
3. WATER AND WATER MANAGEMENT ......... .......................... 16
B. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS ........... .................................. 17
1. CROPS ............ .................................... 17
2. CROP PROTECTION .......... ............................... 20
a. WEEDS
b. ANIMAL KINGDOM ........ ........................... 21
C. FUNGI AND BACTERIA ...... ........... ............. 22
3. ANIMALS ........... ................................... 22
[. HUMAN ELEMENT: EXOGENOUS FACTORS .......... .............................. 24
A. SOCIAL ORGANIZATION AND COMMUNITY STRUCTURE ....... ..................... 27
B. PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT (BUILT ENVIRONMENT)
C. COMMUNITY NORMS AND BELIEFS .......... ............................. 28
D. POPULATION, NUTRITION AND HEALTH ......... ........................... 29
E. EXTERNAL INSTITUTIONS ................................................. 30
1. INFRASTRUCTURE, SUPPORT SYSTEMS ........ ....................... 32
a. INPUT
aa. INPUT DISTRIBUTION ....... ..................... 35
bb. EXTENSION ......... .......................... 35
cc. CREDIT ................. .................... 36
b. OUTPUT ........... ............................... 37
aa. MARKETING ...... .......................... .. 37
bb. POSTHARVEST STORAGE ....... ..................... 38
cc. PROCESSING ..................................... 38
2. POLICIES AND STRUCTURAL REFORM PROGRAMS ...... ................... 39
F. TECHNOLOGICAL AND MECHANICAL FACTORS ........ ......................... 42
1. MECHANIZATION (OTHER THAN ANIMAL TRACTION, WICH
FALLS IN MIXED FARMING) ........ .................. .... 43
2. ENFRGY .......... .................................... I
TFCHNOLC, GY TANSFER ........ .............................
. APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY ........ ............................
5. RECOMMENDED TECHNOLOGY ......... ............................ 50
xvi




IV. HUIIAN ELEMENT: ENDOGENOUS FACTORS (HOUSEHOLD) S i
A. COALS AND RISKS. .. ... .... ..... .... ... .... .... ......53
B. ECONOMIC INPUTS. .. ... .... .... ..... .... .... .... ......54
1. LAND. .. .. ... .... .... ..... .... .... .... ......54
2. LABOR MANAGEMENT. .. .. ... ....... ... .... .... .... ...55
3. CAPITAL, FINANCE
C. ECONOMIC OUTPUT. .. ... ..... .... .... .... .... .... ......55
1. INCOME. .. .. ... ..... .... .... .... .... .... .....55
2. FOOD. .. .. ... .... ..... .... .... .... .... ......56
V. FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH METHODOLOGY. .. .. .... ..... .... ....... .. .....56
A. SURVEY TECHNIQUES (DESCRIPTIVE AND DIAGNOSTIC METHODS). .. .. .... .... .....60
B. DESIGN OF IMPROVED TECHNOLOGY .. .. .... ..... .... .... .... .....63
C. TESTING. .. ... .... ..... .... .... .... .... .... ......65
D. FSR METHODOLOGY EXTENSION AND TRANSFER. .. .. .... .... .... .... .....67
E. SYSTEMS ANALYSIS.. .. ... .... ..... .. .. .... ..... .... .....69
VI. INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS IN IMPLEMENTATION OF FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH .. ... ....... ....72
xvii




xviii




FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH BIBLIOGRAPHY: 1992 SUPPLEMENT
1 FARMING SYSTEMS: DESCRIPTIVE (GENERAL AND INCLUSIVE)
3356 AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION PRACTICES IN THE GAMBIA, 1989/90.
(1989/90 National Agricultural Sample Survey (NASS 89)). (1990) Banjul, The Gambia: Ministry of Agriculture, Dept. of Planning, National Agricultural Data Centre (NADC). (NASS Technical Bulletin no.89-11) 22p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Gambia, national programs and projects, surveys, reports, cropping systems,
technology GM.1
3357 CARACTERISTICAS DE LOS PEQUENOS PRODUCTORES EN ZONAS DE
IMBABURA, ECUADOR. (1982) Quito, Ecuador: Instituto de
Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP)/Universidad de Cornell, EEUU.
(CRSP Working Paper 82.2) 50p. KEYWORDS: INIAP, CIMMYT, Latin America, South America, Ecuador, recommendation domains, socioeconomic conditions, traditional farming, geography,
subsistence farming EC.1
3358 CHRISTINE'S ORGANIC FARM. IN: ILEIA Newsletter. Njoroge, J.
(1991) (Vol.7 no.1/2 p.46-47, May 1991) 2p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, women, organic farming, innovation adoption, farmers' attitudes, integrated systems, labor, soil fertility,
inputs S494.5/.S86/I44
3359 ESTRUCTURA Y EVOLUCION DE LA PRODUCCI6N AGROPECUARIA EN EL
DEPARTMENTODE PUNO: PERIODO 1970-1988. Ccama, F. (1990) Puno, Peru: Proyecto de Investigaci6n de Sistemas Agropecuarios Andinos (INII-PISA). (Estudio Tecnico No.1) 115p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Peru, Andean region, national programs and projects, production systems, economic analysis, crops, livestock,
prices, statistics ++
3360 LIST OF DOCUMENTS ON CROPPING SYSTEMS PREPARED AT CATIE.
(1983) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agron6mico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensehanza (CATIE). (Cumulative List no.10) 35p.
KEYWORDS: CATIE, bibliographies, agronomy, cropping systems,
research centers 1.A
3361 MODERN VERSUS PREHISTORIC AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN THE
CENTRAL ANDES: LOST STRATEGIES. (Society of Economic Anthropology Meetings, April 3-4, 1987, Univ. of California at Riverside (Draft)). Hastorf, C.A. (1987)* Stanford, Calif.: C.A. Hastorf,
Univ. of Minnesota and Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences. 20p. KEYWORDS: South America, Latin Ameri.ca, Peru, Andean region, traditional farming, community organization, prehistoric agriculture, anthropology, archaeology, intensive
farming 1
1




3362 ONION GROWING IN SWAT: DIAGNOSING RESEARCH AND EXTENSION
PRIORITIES. Defoer, T. (1991) Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept. of Planning & Development. (PATA Pub. 68) 48p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan, onions, cash crops, traditional farming, agricultural research, research methodology, environment, climatic factors, socioeconomic conditions, labor requirements, marketing systems,
PATA Groundwater Irrigation Project PK.1
3363 QUESTIONS RELATED TO AGRICULTURE ON THE PERUVIAN ALTIPLANO:
RESEARCH RESULTS AND HYPOTHESIS FOR DEVELOPMENT. IN:
Ecodevelopment News. Morlon, P. (1981) (No.7 pg.23-27 & 38-41, June 1981) 9p. KEYWORDS: South America, Latin America, Peru, Andean region, Altiplano, highlands, climatic factors, soil types,
problem identification, indigenous knowledge systems PE.1
3364 SISTEMAS AGRICOLAS TRADICIONAIS E OS ELEMENTOS DE
MODERNIZAQAO NO SERTAO OCIDENTAL DA PARAIBA. Grabois, J. (1980) Sio Jos6 do Rio Preto, Brazil: Universidade Estadual Paulista, Insituto de Biociincias, Letras e Ciincias Exactas. (Inter
Facies, No.22) 22p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Brazil, traditional farming, modernization, cropping systems, sisal
BR.1
3365 TAIWAN'S SPECIALIZED VEGETABLE PRODUCTION AREAS: AN
INTEGRATED APPROACH. Menegay, M.R. (1975) Tainan, Taiwan, R.O.C.: Asian Vegetable Research & Development Center (AVRDC).
(Technical Bulletin no.1) 17p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Taiwan,
vegetables, food supply, population growth, national programs and
projects, intensive production TW.AVR.1
3366 TERMINOLOGIES IN CROPPING SYSTEMS: "DEFINITIONS AND
PARAMETERS" (Lecture Notes). Zandstra, H.G. (1976)* s.l.: H.G.
Zandstra. 8p. KEYWORDS: cropping systems, farming systems,
terminology, cropping patterns, yields, environmental factors 1
1.A CROPPING PATTERNS
3367 ALTERNATIVES TO MONOCULTURE IN THE HUMID TROPICS OF LATIN
AMERICA. IN: Professional Geographer. Dickinson, J.C. (1972) (Vol.26 no.3 p.217-22, Aug. 1972) 4p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, tropics, land use, energy, sustainable agriculture, monoculture,
polyculture, labor G3/.P7
3368 CROPPING SYSTEMS PROJECT: RAINFED RICE AREAS. (IRRI-PCAR
Cooperative Applied Research Project on Rainfed Rice). (1975)* Manila, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute (IRRI).
12p. KEYWORDS: IRRI, development agencies, rice, rain-fed
farming, multiple cropping, project design, handbooks, cropping
systems PH.IRR.1.A
2




3369 RICE GROWING IN NORTHERN SWAT. van Nieuwkoop, M. (1990)
Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept. of Planning & Development. (PATA Pub. 56) 41p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan, rice, yields, cropping systems, socioeconomic conditions, PATA Groundwater Irrigation
Project PK.1.A
3370 SISTEMAS DE PRODUCCION DE SORGO. (Presented at the Seminar
of the National Sorghum Program, Dominican Republic, March 26-27, 1984). Francis, C.A. (1984) Lincoln, Neb.: C.A. Francis, Univ.
of Nebraska. 7p. KEYWORDS: Central America, Latin America, Dominican Republic, sorghum, cropping systems, climatic factors,
monocropping, polyculture DO.1.A
3371 SISTEMAS DE PRODUCCION Y TECNOLOGIA, DEL FREJOL ARBUSTIVO EN
PIMAMPIRO. Ardvalo, V. (1985) Quito, Ecuador: Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias(INIAP)/Cornell Univ.
(INIAP-Cornell Bean/Cowpea CRSP) 21p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Ecuador, INIAP, beans, maize, Bean/Cowpea CRSP, crop rotations, cropping systems, plant diseases, fertilizers ++
(ACH0997)
3372 SOIL FERTILITY IMPLICATIONS OF CROPPING PATTERNS AND
PRACTICES FOR CASSAVA. IN: Intercropping with Cassava: Proceedings of an International Workshop Held at Trivandrum, India, 27 Nov.-1 Dec., 1978. McIntosh, J.L. (1978) Ottawa, Can.: International Development Research Center (IDRC). (p.77-85, 1978; USAID Doc. No. PN-AAT-792-42087) 9p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Indonesia, cassava, cropping patterns, soil fertility,
interplanting, cropping systems SB211/.C3/I58/1978
3373 STRENGTHENING SORGHUM AND PEARL MILLET RESEARCH IN MALI.
Shetty, S.V.R. (1991) Patancheru, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). 84p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Sahel, Mali, ICRISAT, sorghum, pearl millet, national programs and projects, cropping systems,
agronomy, plant breeding, recommendations, training ++
1.A.1 POLYCULTURE
3374 ABSTRACTS. ON INTERCROPPING. (1987) Eschborn, Germnay:
German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ). (Vol.5 1986) 224p.
KEYWORDS: bibliographies, intercropping, plant physiology, pests, plant diseases,-fertilization, traditional farming, agroforestry,
soils, tropics 1.A.1
3




3375 DESIGN AND EVALUATION OF ALTERNATIVE PRODUCTION SYSTEMS:
PEARL MILLET/MAIZE AND CEREAL/GROUNDNUT SYSTEMS IN MALI. IN:
Soil, Crop and Water Management Systems for Rainfed Agriculture in the Sudano-Sahelian Zone: Proceedings of an International Workshop, January 11-16. 1987. ICRISAT Sahelian Center, Niamey, Niger. Shetty, S.V.R. (1989) Patancheru, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT).
(p.291-301; ICRISAT Conference Paper no.CP411) 11 p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Mali, evaluation, sorghum, pearl millet,
maize, groundnuts, experimental design, intercropping, cereals
S625/.S78/S6/1989
3376 EVALUATION OF YIELD STABILITY IN INTERCROPPING: STUDIES ON
SORGHUM/PIGEONPEA. IN: Experimental Agriculture. Rao, M.R.
(1980) (Vol.16 p.105-16, 1980) 12p. KEYWORDS: ICRISAT, sorghum, pigeon peas, yields, intercropping, monocropping, research
methodology S3/.E9
3377 FARMERS INNOVATED PRACTICE OF GROWING CHILLI. IN: ILEIA
Newsletter. Basak, N.L. (1991) (Vol.7 no.4 p.29-30, Dec. 1991) 2p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Bangladesh, chillies, Sesbania, indigenous knowledge systems, traditional farming, innovation
adoption, technology development, cropping systems
S494.5/.S86/I44
1.A.3 FALLOWING AND COVER CROPPING, TILLAGE SYSTEMS
3378 MODIFICACIONES A UNA SISTEMA TRADICIONAL DE CERO LABRANZA
PARA LA PRODUCCION DE MAIZ EN LA ZONA ATLANTICA DE COSTA RICA.
(Presentado en 28th Reuni6n Anual del Programa Cooperativo Centroamericano para el Mejoramiento de Cultivos Alimenticios, 22-26 de Marzo, 1982, San Jose, Costa Rica). Shenk, M. (1982)* Turrialba, Costa Rica: M. Shenk, Centro Agron6mico Tropical de Investigaci6n y Ensefianza (CATIE) 7p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Costa Rica, traditional farming, maize, tillage
systems, cropping systems, weed control CR.1.A.3
1.A.5 SHIFTING CULTIVATION
3379 DEVELOPMENT OF SWIDDEN AGRICULTURE (SHIFTING CULTIVATION).
IN: Development and Change. Grandstaff, T. (1978) (Vol.9 p.547-79, 1978) 17p. KEYWORDS: shifting cultivation,
socioeconomic conditions, fallow, history, recommended technology
1.A.5
4




1.A.6 PLANTATIONS AND AGRO-SILVICULTURE
3380 AGRO-FORESTRY SYSTEMS IN LATIN AMERICA: WORKSHOP PROCEEDINGS.
(Workshop sponsored by United Nations Univ. and CATIE). (1979) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensehanza, Program of Natural Renewable Resources. 80p.
KEYWORDS: CATIE, Latin America, agroforestry, case studies,
livestock, soil management LATIN AMERICA.1.A.6
3381 AGROFORESTRY SEEDS. IN: Sustainable Agriculture Newsletter.
Fernandez, P.G. (1990) (Vol.2 no.3, Sept. 1990) 44p. KEYWORDS: sustainable agriculture, seeds, seed production, agroforestry, reforestation, information exchange, institutional resources, seed
testing 1.A.6
3382 CURA O BENEFICIO DEL CACAO. (Curso Corto, Nicaragua; Nov.
16-18, 1982). Enriquez, G.A. (1982) Turrialba, Costa Rica:
Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensefianza (CATIE)
99p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Nicaragua, CATIE, cocoa, agricultural education, tree crops, processing, postharvest
technology NI.1.A.6
3383 EFECTO DE CUATRO METODOS DE TRANSPLANTE EN EL DESAROLLO DE
PARKIA VELUTINA DURANTE LOS PRIMEROS SEIS MESES DE PLANTACION.
Blaser, J. (1985) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensefianza (CATIE), Dept. de Recursos Naturales Renovables. 18p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South
America, Peru, CATIE, silviculture, plantations, Parkia velutina,
reforestation PE.1.A.6
3384 ERYTHRINA: NEGLECTED MULTIPURPOSE TREES OF THE TROPICS.
Muthuchelian, K. [1990?] s.1.: s.n. (Also available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel.:501-376-6836; request no.6610) ip. KEYWORDS: agroforestry,
tropics, fodder, fuels, soil fertility, green manures 1.A.6
3385 EVALUATING NITROGEN FIXING TREES ON SMALL FARMS. IN: NFTA
News. Roshetko, J. (1991) (No.13 p.1-2, Dec. 1991; Also available from Heifer Project International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark., 72203; tel:501-376-6836; request no.6507) 2p.
KEYWORDS: NFTA, Latin America, Caribbean, Jamaica, agroforestry,
nitrogen fixation, fodder crops JM.1.A.6
3386 FORESTS, TREES AND PEOPLE. Clarke, R. (1985) Rome, Italy:
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Forestry Dept. (Forestry Topics Report no.2, March 1985) 40p.
KEYWORDS: FAO, forestry, agroforestry, tree crops, resource management, cooperatives, development agencies, case studies,
community focrestry, social forestry 1.A.6
5




3387 ON-FARM VARIETY TRIAL OF MAIZE UNDER COCONUT IN DAVAO DEL
SUR, PHILIPPINES. (Paper submitted for presentation at the 11th Annual FSR/E Symposium, Michigan State Univ., E. Lansing, Mich., Oct. 5-10, 1991). Satorre, C.E. (1991)* Davao City, Philippines: C.E. Satorre, Dept. of Agriculture. 14p. KEYWORDS: Asia,
Southeast Asia, Philippines, national programs and projects, maize, CIMMYT, geography, cropping systems, on-farm research, economic
analysis, yields, coconut, intercropping PH.1.A.6
3388 OVERVIEW OF TREEPLANTING ON SMALL FARMS IN THE TROPICS. IN:
Multipurpose Tree Species for Small-Farm Use: Proceedings of an International Workshop held Nov. 2-5, 1987 in Pattaya, Thailand.
Evans, J. (1988) Arlington, Va./Ottawa, Canada: Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development/International Development Research Centre (IDRC). 5p. KEYWORDS: tropics, agroforestry, tree crops, farmers' attitudes, integrated systems,
extension, objectives SB172/.M86/1988
3389 POTENCIAL DE LA PRODUCCION FRUTAL ASOCIADA A LA PRODUCCION DE
CACAO EN LA REGION BRUNCA DE COSTA RICA. Jimdnez, G. (1982) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensefianza (CATIE), Dept. de Produccion de Vegetal. 19p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Costa Rica, CATIE, fruit trees, cocoa, cropping patterns, interplanting, technology
transfers, plantations CR.CAT.1.A.6
1.B ANIMAL SYSTEMS
3390 "EL CUY" A PRODUCTIVE SOURCE OF MEAT IN THE ANDES. Chauca
F., L. [1986?]* s.l.: L.Chauca F., Insituto Nacional de Investigacion Agraria y Agroindustrial (INIAA). 10p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Andean region, Peru, guinea pigs,
food, livestock, animal husbandry PE.1.B
3391 CHICKEN TILLER. IN: Heifer Project Exchange. Gudahl, D.
(1989) (no.51 p.1, Nov.-Dec. 1989; Also Available from Heifer Project International; P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203, tel: 501-376-6836; request no.5101) 3p. KEYWORDS: poultry, chickens, livestock management, animal husbandry, appropriate technology
1.B
3392 COMPARISON BETWEEN THE PRODUCTIVITY OF TRADITIONAL LIVESTOCK
SYSTEMS AND RANCHING IN EASTERN BOTSWANA. IN: ILCA Newsletter.
de Ridder, N. (1984) (Vol.3 no.3 p.5-7, July 1984.) 3p.
KEYWORDS: ILCA, Africa, Southern Africa, Botswana, traditional farming, pastoral systems, ranching, livestock, animal production,
stocking rate, milk production, meat production SFl1/.122
6




3393 FEEDING PIGS ON LOCAL RAW MATERIALS. IN: Developing World
Agriculture, 1991. Machin, D. (1991) London: Grosvenor Press
International Ltd. (p.158-65) 8p. KEYWORDS: pigs, feeding, cost
benefit analysis, waste utilization, silage, fodder, forage
S482/.D48/1991
3394 FODDER HEDGES WITHIN DAIRY PROJECTS. IN: ILEIA Newsletter.
van Gelden, B. (1990) (Vol.6 no.2 p.16-17, June 1990; Also available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel.: 501-376-6836; request no.5505) 2p.
KEYWORDS: ILEIA, Africa, East Africa, Kenya, fodder, dairy cattle, protein, on-farm trials, hedges, feed S494.5/.S86/I44 (Dev.Co.)
3395 HOW WATER SHORTAGE CAN BENEFIT PASTORAL SOCIETY. IN: ILCA
Newsletter. Nicholson, M. (1986) (Vol.5 no.2 p.4&7, April 1986) 2p. KEYWORDS: ILCA, Africa, East Africa, Ethiopia, cattle, pastoral systems, water conservation, traditional farming, indigenous knowledge systems, feeding, animal nutrition, labor
allocation, drought SFl/.I22
3396 IMPLEMENTACION DE UN MODELO DE TRANSFERENCIA DE TECNOLOGIA
PECUARIA EN LA COSTA SUR DE GUATEMALA. (Paper submitted to the 11th Annual FSRE Symposium, Michigan State Univ., E. Lansing, Mich., Oct 5-10, 1991). Archila C., W. [1991?]* Guatemala: W.
Archila C., Rural Development Project for small producers in Zacapa and Chiquimula/International Fund for Agricultural Development (FIDA). 8p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America,
Guatemala, livestock, cattle, models, technology transfers,
statistical analysis, PROGETTAPS GT.1.B
3397 INDO-SWISS PROJECT KERALA, 1963-1990: A CASE STUDY OF AN
INTEGRATED DAIRY CATTLE DEVELOPMENT PROJECT. (Paper prepared for Tanzanian Dairy Development Conference, Feb. 20-22, 1990).
Schneider, F. (1990) Bern Switzerland: F. Schneider,
Intercooperation. (Also available from Heifer Project
International, P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel:501-376-6836; request no.6506) 29p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, India, dairy cattle, case studies, breeding, livestock
feeding, milk production, geography IN.1.B
3398 LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION IN CENTRAL MALI. IN: ILCA Bulletin.
Wilson, R.T. (1982) (No.15, March 1982) 23p. KEYWORDS: ILCA, Africa, West Africa, Mali, livestock, arid regions, semiarid zones, cattle, livestock production, population density SFI5/.A25/Ill
3399 MOLASSES COULD HELP COMBAT AFRICA'S DROUGHT. IN: ILCA
Newsletter. Chater, S. (1984) (Vol.3 no.4 p.3-4,8, Oct. 1984) 3p. KEYWORDS: ILCA, Africa, East Africa, Ethiopia, feed supply,
molasses, urea, drought, animal health, waste utilization
SFl/.I22
7




3400 OUKAIMEDENE: A HIGH MOUNTAIN AGDAL. (Paper to be presented
at workshop on Common Property Management in Annapolis, Maryland, April 21-26, 1985). Gilles, J.L. (1985)* Columbia, Mo.: J.L.
Gilles, Univ. of Missouri. 23p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North
Africa, Morocco, rangeland, desertification, traditional farming, indigenous knowledge systems, communal grazing, range management,
pastoral systems MA.1.B
3401 POULTRY MANAGEMENT IN THE TROPICS ON THE VILLAGE LEVEL.
Francis, M. (1968)* Tanzania: Sr. Mary. Francis, Maryknoll Sisters. (Also available from Heifer Project International., P.O.
Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel:501-376-6836; request no.5009) 40p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Tanzania, village level studies, poultry, livestock, tropics, socioeconomic
conditions, development planning TZ.1.B
3402 PROBLEMS WITH POULTRY. Carter, M. [n.d.]* (p.7-9; Also
available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel.:501-376-6836; request no.6605) 3p.
KEYWORDS: poultry, chickens, feed requirements, poultry feeding,
handbooks, animal health 1.B
3403 PRODUCTION, STORAGE AND FEEDING OF HERBACEOUS FORAGES TO
SUPPORT RUMINANT LIVESTOCK IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES OF THE TROPICS AND SUBTROPICS. Sprague, H.B. [n.d.] Washington, D.C.: United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Bureau for Science and Technology, Office of Agriculture. (Agricultural
Technology for Developing Countries, Technical Series Bulletin no.27, USAID Doc. no.PN-AAM-014) 58p. KEYWORDS: animal feeding, ruminants, forage crops, soil management, manures, feeding,
grasses, legumes, animal traction 1.B
3404 RAISE AND EAT YOUR OWN IGUANAS. IN: International Ag-Sieve.
(1989) D. Werner, FPIV, Apdo 1501-3000, Heredia, Costa Rica.
(Vol.2 no.5 p.1-2, 1989; Also available from Heifer Project International., Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel:501-376-6836; request no.5109) 2p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, livestock, iguanas, conservation, meat production, alternative
technology LATIN AMERICA.1.B
3405 RANGELAND RESEARCH FOR INCREASING SMALL RUMINANT PRODUCTION.
IN: Partners in Research: A Five Year Report of the Small Ruminant Collaborative Research Support Program. O'Rourke, J.T.
(1983) Davis, Calif.: Univ. of California. (p.131-36) 6p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Morocco, SR-CRSP, breeding, land
use, range management, forage, small ruminants, pastoral systems
MA.1.B
8




3406 VEGETATIONS ET LES RESOURCES FOURRAGERES DANS LES SYSTEMES
PASTORAUX. IN: Pastoral Systems Research in Sub-Saharan Africa: Proceedings of the IDRC/ILCA Workshop, ILCA, Addis Ababa, March 21-24, 1983). Hiernaux, P. (1983) Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: International Livestock Centre For Africa (ILCA). (p.113-131, English Summary; USAID Doc.no. PN-AAT-641) 19p. KEYWORDS: ILCA, Africa, West Africa, Mali, forage, pastoral systems, livestock
feeding, constraints, vegetation mapping S542/.A4/P3
3407 WHERE HAVE ALL THE LIVESTOCK GONE? IN: ILCA Newsletter.
Bourn, D. (1987) (Vol.6 no.1 p.3-4, Jan. 1987) 2p. KEYWORDS: ILCA, Africa, West Africa, Niger, drought, cattle, camels,
livestock, animal health, surveys SFl/.I22
3408 WILL TURKEY TAKE THE BIRD? IN: African Farming. Morgan, D.
(1991) (p.9-12, March/April 1991) 3p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
turkeys, poultry, intensive production, livestock production
AFRICA.1.B
1.C MIXED SYSTEMS
3409 ANIMAL DRAUGHT TECHNOLOGY: AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY.
Bartlett, J. (1984) Norwich, England: Univ. of East Anglia, School of Development Studies. (Bibliography no.2, Feb. 1984) 90p. KEYWORDS: bibliographies, animal traction, draft animals,
appropriate technology Z5074/.D73/B27/1984
3410 ANIMAL POWERED SYSTEMS: AN ALTERNATIVE APPROACH TO
AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION. L6we, P. (1986) Wiesbaden, Germany: Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgellschaft mbh. (Publication of
Deutsches Zentrum ftr Entwicklungstechnologien (GATE)) 60p.
KEYWORDS: animal power, animal traction, draft animals,
appropriate technology TJ830/.L64/1986
3411 ANIMAL-DRAWN IMPLEMENTS FOR SMALL FARMS IN MEXICO. IN:
Developing World Aqriculture, 1990. Sims, B.G. (1990) London: Grosvenor Press International Ltd. (p.157-63) 7p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Mexico, animal traction, appropriate technology,
implements, mechanization S482/.D48/1990
3412 COMPATIBLE LIVESTOCK. IN: International Agricultural
Development. (1991) (Vol.11 no.5 p.13-14, Sept./Oct. 1991; Also available from Heifer Project International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel: 501-376-6836; request no.6309) 2p.
KEYWORDS: Kenya, East Africa,.Africa, mixed systems, livestock, dairy farming, alternative agriculture, population growth, grazing
patterns, national programs and projects HD!401/.I5
9




3413 CROP LIVESTOCK INTERACTIONS: ENTRY POINT FOR APPROPRIATE
TECHNOLOGY. Cornick, T.R. [n.d.] Ithaca, N.Y.: T.R. Cornick,
Cornell Univ. 2p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Philippines,
Latin America, Ecuador, mixed systems, appropriate technology
1.C
3414 CUTTING BOX: A SIMPLE TOOL FOR IMPROVING ANIMAL TRACTION
FARMING IN SOMALIA. IN: Tillers Report. Mire, Y.A. (1990)
(Vol.10 no.2 p.8-10, Summer 1990) 3p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Somalia, animal traction, constraints, feed supply, forage,
fodder, appropriate technology S683/.T55/v.10/no.2
3415 DRAUGHT ANIMAL POWER. Barton, D. (1983) Norwich, England:
Univ. of East Anglia, School of Development Studies. (Discussion Paper no.125) 19p. KEYWORDS: animal traction, draft animals, oxen, cattle, horses, appropriate technology, case studies, energy
requirements SF180/.B37/1983
3416 DUCK RAISING IN VIETNAM. IN: Asian Livestock. Dong, L.X.
(1991) (Vol.16 no.9 p.97-100, Sept. 1991; Also available from Heifer Project International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark.
72203, tel: 501-376-6836; request no.6405) 4p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Vietnam, livestock, ducks, Hungary, case studies,
fish, aquaculture, fodder, integrated systems, mixed farming
VN.1.C
3417 EFFECTS OF CROP/LIVESTOCK INTERACTION ON LIVESTOCK
PRODUCTION. McDowell, R.E. [1985?] Ithaca, N.Y.: R.E. McDowell,
Cornell Univ. 21p. KEYWORDS: tropics, subtropics, livestock, ruminants, swine, poultry, feeding habits, cash crops, cropping
systems, national programs and projects 1.C
3418 ENQUPTE SUR LA RENTABILITE DE LA CULTURE ATTELEE DANS UNE
ZONE SAHELIENNE. Tahirou, A. (1992) Niamey, Niger: Institut National de Recherches Agronomiques du Niger, Departement de Recherches en Economie Rurale. (Programme de Recherche sur le Systemes de Production Agricole, Doc. no.25F) 101p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Niger, appropriate technology, surveys, cost benefit analysis, animal traction, economics, production systems,
draft animals NE.1.C
3419 IMPORTANCE OF DAP IN THE THIRD WORLD. IN: Cartman.
Ramaswamy, N.S. [n.d.] (Vol.1 no.2 p.23-30; also available from Heifer Project International, Request No. 4603) 8p. KEYWORDS:
animal traction, draft animals, economic analysis 1.C
10




3420 INTEGRATED FARMING FOR A SECURE FUTURE. IN: World Neighbors
in Action. (1990) (Vol.20 no.4E, 1990; Also available from Heifer Project International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock Ark., 72203; tel: 501-376-6836; request no.5609) 8p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Indonesia, traditional farming, shifting
cultivation, livestock, integrated systems ID.1.C
3421 NUTRITION AND FEEDING SYSTEMS RESEARCH. IN: Partners in
Research: A Five Year Report of the Small Ruminant Collaborative Research Support Program. Johnson, W.L. (1983) Davis, Calif.: Univ. of California. (p.126-29) 4p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Morocco, SR-CRSP, animal nutrition, sheep, goats, small ruminants, mixed farming, livestock feeding, byproducts MA.1.C
3422 PROLIFICACY AND PRODUCTIVITY OF MOROCCAN BREEDS OF SHEEP AND
THEIR CROSSES. IN: Partners in Research: A Five Year Report of the Small Ruminant Collaborative Research Support Program.
Bradford, G.E. (1983) Davis, Calif.: Univ. of California.
(p.123-25) 3p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Morocco, SR-CRSP, animal production, land use, sheep, animal fertility, mixed
farming, breeding MA.1.C
3423 REGENERATING FARMING SYSTEMS AFTER DROUGHT: ILCA'S OX/SEED
PROJECT. IN: ILCA Newsletter. Gryseels, G. (1986) (Vol.5 no.1 p.1-3, January 1986) 3p. KEYWORDS: ILCA, Africa, East Africa, Ethiopia, drought, famine, oxen, dryland farming, project design,
innovation adoption, seeds SFl/.I22
3424 TOGO IMPROVES OX YOKES. IN: Tillers Report. Rice, P.M.
(1992) (Vol.11 no.1 p.l&17-18, Spring 1992) 3p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Togo, draft animals, oxen, animal traction, animal power, farmer participation, technology transfers, innovation adoption,! technology development S683/.T55/v.ll/no.l
3425 TREE PLANTING AND LIVESTOCK DON'T MIX...OR DO THEY? IN:
Agroforestry Today. Thapa, B. (1991) (p.11-13, Apr.-June 1991; Also available from Heifer Project International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel: 501-376-6836; request no.6402) 3p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Nepal, deforestation, national programs and projects, PAC, agroforestry, livestock, mixed farming
NP.1.C
3426 TURNING THE ARK: NEW DIRECTIONS FOR ANIMAL AGRICULTURE.
(Special Report). Krcil, L. (1991) Walthill, Neb.: Center for Rural Affairs. (Sept. 1991; Also available from Heifer Project International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel: 501-376-6836; request no. 6302) 4p. KEYWORDS: US, livestock, sustainable agriculture, family farms, integrated systems, croppinc)
systems, livestock management, rural development US. .
11




3427 UNCONVENTIONAL FEEDSTUFFS FOR LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION. (Paper
presented at the 8th Annual Institute on Livestock in Development, New Windsor Service Center, Maryland, August 11-16, 1991). Iyayi, E.A. (1991)* Njoro, Kenya: E.A. Iyayi, Edgerton Univ. Dept. of Physical Sciences. 20p. KEYWORDS: feedstuffs, livestock,
nutrition, appropriate technology, economic analysis, coffee, sweet
potatoes, cassava, byproducts, waste utilization 1.C
1.D AQUACULTURE AND AGRICULTURE
3428 AQUACULTURE AS A FARMING SYSTEM: POTENTIALS AND LIMITATIONS
OF THE FSR APPROACH. Molnar, J.J. (1983) Auburn, Ala.: Auburn Univ., Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, International Center for Aquaculture. 24p. KEYWORDS: aquaculture, fish
farming, socioeconomic conditions, farming systems theory 1.D
3429 ECONOMIC VIABILITY AND FARMERS' ASSESSMENT OF A NEW
TECHNOLOGY. (Paper submitted for presentation at the 11th Annual FSR/E Symposium, Michigan State Univ., E. Lansing, Mich., Oct.
5-10, 1991). Gupta, M.V. [1991?]* Manila, Philippines: M.V.
Gupta, International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management (ICLARM). 16p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Bangladesh, fish,
tilapia, economic analysis, farmers' attitudes BD.1.D
2 PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
3430 DOMINIOS DE RECOMENDACION PARA TRIGO, CEBADA Y AVENA EN
COCHABAMBA. Stilwell, T.C. (1982) Cochabamba, Bolivia:
Instituto Boliviano de Technologia Agropecuaria (IBTA), Ministerio de Asuntos Campesinos y Agropecuarios. 51p. KEYWORDS: South America, Latin America, Bolivia, wheat, barley, oats,
recommendation domains, fertilizers, pesticides BO.2
3431 POTAIO GROWING IN BUNER. van Nieuwkoop, M. (1989)
Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P, Dept. of Planning & Development. (Technical Report 36) 18p. KEYWORDS: Pakistan, Asia, South Asia, potatoes, cropping systems, surveys, national programs and projects, PATA Groundwater Irrigation Project, seeds, yields, fertilizers, manures, plant
diseases PK.2
3432 PROSPECTS FOR ASIAN RICE PRODUCTION. IN: Food Research
Institute Studies. Herdt, R.W. (1977) (Vol.16 no.3 p.184-203,
1977-78) 20p. KEYWORDS: Asia, rice, rice production, food supply, nutrition, food production, varietal improvement,
fertilizers, models ASIA.2
3433 STRATEGIC PRUNING OF LEUCAENA FOR OPTIMUM HERBAGE YIELD. IN:
Leucaena Research Reports. (1991) (Vol.12 p.75-77, 1991: Also available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel.:501-376-6836; request no.6608) 3p.
KEYWORDS: Leucaena, fodder crops, biomass, pruning 2
12




2.A PHYSICAL FACTORS
3434 ETUDE METHODOLOGIQUE D'UN PARCELLAIRE D'EXPLOITATION AGRICOLE
EN TANT QUE SYSTEME. IN: Agronomie. Morlon, P. (1990)
(p.499-508, June 1990) 10p. KEYWORDS: research methodology,
field tests, constraints, land use SB7/.A36
3435 SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION IN THE FARMING AREAS OF LESOTHO:
A REVIEW AND SOME PROPOSALS. IN: Extent of Soil Erosion Regional Comparisons. E. Baum, P. Wolff, M. Z6bisch, eds. Wenner, C.G. (1989) Witzenhausen, Germany: German Institute for Tropical and Subtropical Agriculture. (p.57-86; Topics in Applied Resource Management in the Tropics, Vol.1) 16p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
Southern Africa, Lesotho, soil conservation, water conservation, soil management, water management, environmental degradation, erosion, terracing, soil fertility, project evaluation, project
proposals S627/.C53/E97/1989
3436 SYNTHESE DES ACTIVITIES DE RECHERCHE DE LA DRSPR SUR
L'AMENAGEMENT ANTI-EROSIF (1986-1989). van der Poel, P. (1990) Sikasso, Mali/Amsterdam: Ministere de L'Agriculture, Institut d'Economie Rurale/Koninkliyk Instituut voor de Tropen (KIT). (KIT Publication) 20p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sahel, West Africa, Mali, national programs and projects, erosion, soil conservation, drainage, water management, ecology, alley cropping, constraints
MALI.2.A
3437 AGROFORESTRY FOR SOIL FERTILITY MAINTENANCE IN THE COMMUNAL
LANDS OF ZIMBABWE'S SEMI-ARID AREAS. IN: GATE. Kotschi, J.
(1990) (p.39-42, April 1990; Also available from Hiefer Project International, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel: 501-376-6836; request no.6209) 4p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Southern Africa, Zimbabwe, agroforestry, soil fertility, communal forestry, common lands, traditional farming, afforestation, livestock feeding, erosion,
fuelwood, fodder crops ZM.2.A
2.A.1 LAND AND SOILS. FERTILIZER
3438 AVALIAQAO ECONOMIC DE AGROECOSISTEMAS COM MILHO E FEIJAO NO
BREJO PARAIBANO. IN: Agropecuria Tecnica. (Paper presented at the 19th Brasilian Congress on Economics and Rural Sociology, July 19-23, 1981). Zaffaroni, E. (1981) (Vol.2 no.2 p.87-97, 1981) 11p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Brazil, cropping systems, intercropping, maize, beans, Phaseolus vulgaris,
fertilizers, field tests, economic analysis BR.2.A.1
13




3439 CROP-LIVESTOCK INTERACTIONS AFFECTING SOIL FERTILITY IN
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA. IN: International Ag-Sieve. (1990) (Vol.3
no.6 p.4-5, 1990; Also available from Heifer Project
International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel:501-376-6836; request no.6105) 2p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
manures, soil fertility, crops, livestock, mulches, fertilizers
AFRICA.2.A.1
3440 EFEITO DE SISTEMAS CULTIVO DO FEIJOEIRO (PHASEOLUS VULGARIS
L.): EM ALGUMAS CARACTERISTICAS FISICAS DO SOLO. IN: Agropecuaria Tecnica. Zaffaroni, E. (1981) (Vol.2 no.2
p.111-19, 1981) 9p. KEYWORDS: Brazil, Latin America, South America, cultivation methods, no-tillage systems, beans, soil
preparation, Phaseolus vulgaris BR.2.A.1
3441 FARM ANIMAL MANURE AND URINE IMPROVE YOUR SOIL. (1990)
Toronto, Canada: Developing Countries Farm Radio Network, 595 Bay Street, 9th Floor, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 2C3. (Radio
script: 855 words, approx. 6 min.; Package 18, Item 3, June 1990.
Heifer Project International. no.6410) 5p. KEYWORDS: manures, compost, nutrient cycles, fertilizers, soil fertility, appropriate
technology, training, radio, diffusion of information 2.A.1
3442 LONG TERM FERTILITY STUDIES AT SAMARU. I. Direct and
Residual Effects of Single Superphosphate and Farm Yard Manure on Yields of Cotton, Sorghum and Groundnuts Grown in a Rotation.
Baker, E.F. (1977) Zaria, Nigeria: Ahmadu Bello Univ., Institute for Agricultural Research, Samaru. (Samaru Miscellaneous Paper 67) 6p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Nigeria, soil fertility, cotton, sorghum, groundnuts, crop rotations, superphosphate,
manures, fertilizers, surveys NG.2.A.1
3443 LONG TERM FERTILITY STUDIES AT SAMARU NIGERIA. III.
Comparative Effectiveness of Separate and Combined Applications of Mineral Fertilizers and Farmyard Manure in Maintaining Soil Productivity under Continuous Cultivation in the Savannah.
Abdullahi, A. (1978) Zaria, Nigeria: Ahmadu Bello Univ., Institute for Agricultural Research, Samaru. (Samaru Miscellaneous Paper 75) 12p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Nigeria, fertilizers, fertilizer application, manures, cotton, sorghum, groundnuts, yields, continuous cropping, soil productivity, surveys
NG.2.A.1
3444 MAINTAINING SOIL FERTILITY. Carter, I. [n.d.]* (p.6-7;
Also available from Heifer Project International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark., 72203; tel: 501-376-6836; request no.6205) 2p.
KEYWORDS: soils, soil fertility, compost, manures, green manures,
mulches 2.A.1
14




3445 NATURAL FERTILIZERS: NEW LIFE FOR TIRED SOILS. IN: African
Farmer. Ouattara, S. (1991) (No.6 p.21-27, Dec. 1991; Also available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel.:501-376-6836; request no.6604) 7p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, fertilizers, manures, green manures, compost,
yields S23/.A37/1
3446 NOTAS SOBRE EL USO DE LA TIERRA. Komives, R. (1985)
Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agonomico Tropical Ensehanza
(CATIE). 7p. KEYWORDS: CATIE, resource use, land management,
conservation 2.A.1
3447 ORGANIC FERTILIZERS AS AN ALTERNATIVE FOR SOILS AND CROPS.
IN: CEMAT's Publication on Appropriate Technologies, RED Bulletin.
[n.d.] (p.8-10; Also available from Heifer Project
International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203, tel:501-376-6836, request no.5607) 3p. KEYWORDS: fertilizers,
soils, crops, green manures, compost, manures 2.A.1
3448 POTENTIAL OF AGROFORESTRY FOR SOIL CONSERVATION AND
SUSTAINABLE LAND USE. IN: Extent of Soil Erosion Regional Comparisons. E. Baum, P. Wolff, M. Z6bisch, eds. Young, A.
(1989) Witzenhausen, Germany: German Institute for Tropical and Subtropical Agriculture. (p.35-55; Topics in Applied Resource Management in the Tropics, Vol.1) llp. KEYWORDS: soil
conservation, soil management, conservation, agroforestry, erosion, soil fertility, socioeconomic constraints, sustainability, policy
S627/.C53/E97/1989
3449 PROCESSES OF DESERTIFICATION AND THE CHOICE OF INTERVENTIONS.
Jodha, N.S. (1979) Hyderabad, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). (Progress Report 2, Economics Program) 18p. KEYWORDS: ICRISAT, Asia, South Asia, India, desertification, environmental degradation, indigenous
knowledge systems, land reform IN.2.A.1
3450 SOIL AS A FACTOR AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE
TROPICS. IN: Developing World Agriculture, 1990. Murdoch, G.
(1990) London: Grosvenor Press International Ltd. (p.103-11) 9p. KEYWORDS: tropics, soils, environmental degradation, soil fertility, soil management, soil classification, agricultural
development S482/.D48/1990
3451 SOIL SURVEY AND CROP PRODUCTION. IN: Farming Systems
Newsletter. Muchena, F.N. (1980) (p.13-18, Oct. 1980) 6p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, soil1 surveys, crop
production, soil classification, geography KE.2.A.1
15




3452 SULFUR RESPONSE OF MAIZE IN WESTERN NIGERIA. IN: Agronomy
Journal. Kang, B.T. (1976) (Vol.68 no.2 p.333-336, Mar./Apr.
1976, IITA Journal Reprint Series 50) 4p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Nigeria, field tests, maize, sulfur, soil fertility,
fertilizers, IITA S22/.A7
3453 YOUR TINIEST LIVESTOCK. IN: Farm Journal. Steel, S.
(1990) (January 1990; Also available from Heifer Project International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock Ark. 72203; tel.: 501-376-6836; request no.5507) 2p. KEYWORDS: sustainable agriculture, microorganisms, ecology, inputs, soil management, soil
fertility, organic farming Sl/.F25
2.A.2 AGROCLIMATOLOGY
3454 ANALYSIS OF AVERAGE ANNUAL RAINFALL ZONES IN THE SEMI-ARID
TROPICS OF INDIA, AFRICA AND BRAZIL. Ryan, J.G. (1975)*
Hyderabad, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). 8p. KEYWORDS: semiarid tropics, India, Africa, Brazil, ICRISAT, precipitation, agroclimatology,
land classification 2.A.2
3455 TIME, PHENOLOGY AND THE YIELDS OF CROPS. IN: Weather.
Bunting, A.H. (1975) (Vol.30 p.312-25. 1975) 7p. KEYWORDS: meteorology, agronomy, weather, climate, crops, biomass, yields,
plant physiology QC85/.W4
2.A.3 WATER AND WATER MANAGEMENT
3456 IRRIGATION AND HUMAN WELFARE: A WORKSHOP REPORT. Small
L.E. (1984) New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers Univ., Cook College, International Agricultural and Food Program. (Working Paper No. 4) 29p. KEYWORDS: irrigation, water management, technology analysis, project design, project implementation, health, sanitation,
diseases, environment 2.A.3
3457 IRRIGATION PLANNING TO TRANSFORM SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE:
LESSONS FROM EL SALVADOR. IN: Human Ecology. Quiroga, E.R.
(1984) (Vol.12 no.2 p.183-201, 1984) 10p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, El Salvador, irrigation, subsistence
farming, technological change, productivity, institutions
GFI/.H84
3458 IRRIGATION RESEARCH INSTITUTE, RESEARCH REPORT 1981/82
1983/84. (1984) Tatura, Victoria, Australia: Dept. of
Agriculture, Irrigation Research Institute. 99p. KEYWORDS:
Australia, reports, irrigation, fuel crops, soil management, water
management, salinity, horticulture AU.2.A.3
16




3459 IRRIGATION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT RESEARCH AND SELECTED
METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES. Bhuiyan, S.I. (1982) Manila, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). (IRRI Research Paper Series no. 81, Oct. 1982) 9p. KEYWORDS: Asia, IRRI, rice, irrigation, water use, water management, methodology, data
collection, analysis, evaluation SB191/.R5/L596b/no. 81
3460 OPPORTUNITIES FOR INCREASE OF WORLD FOOD PRODUCTION FROM THE
IRRIGATED LANDS OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. (Report to the Technical Advisory Committee of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR)). Pereira, C. (1979) Ottawa, Canada: International Development Resource Centre (IDRC) 15p.
KEYWORDS: IDRC, CGIAR, tropics, arid regions, dryland agriculture,
irrigation, food supply, water management 2.A.3
2.B BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
3461 BIOLOGICAL FACTORS AFFECTING CROPPING SYSTEMS. (Lecture
Notes). Zandstra, H.G. (1977)* s.l.: H.G. Zandstra. llp.
KEYWORDS: cropping systems, pests, insect pests, weeds, plant
diseases, soils, environmental factors 2.B
3462 SUGERENCIAS PARA EL CULTIVO DE SOYA DE TEMPORAL EN LA ZONA
COSTERA DEL NORTE DE NAYARIT. (1978) Santiago Ixcuintla, Mexico: Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agricolas, Centro de Investigaciones Agricolas del Pacifico Norte. (Mimeograficado Popular #4, Oct. 1978) 6p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Mexico,
soybeans, field tests MX.2.B
2.B.1 CROPS
3463 BREEDING AND SELECTION FOR DROUGHT RESISTANCE IN TROPICAL
MAIZE. Fischer, K.S. (1983) Mexico, D.F. Mexico: Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT). 19p.
KEYWORDS: CIMMYT, tropics, maize, sorghum, drought, drought
resistance, plant breeding, varietal improvement 2.B.1
3464 BREVE RESUMEN DE LOS RESULTADOS DEL EXPERIMENTO CENTRAL DE
PLANTAS PERENNES DE LA MONTARA. (Documento preparado para ser presentado en el Curso Corto Intensivo Practicas Agroforestales con Enfasis en la Medici6n y Evaluaci6n de Par~metros Biol6gicos y Socio-Econ6micos, Enero 1983). Enriquez, G.A. (1983) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensenanza (CATIE). 9p. KEYWORDS: Central America, Latin
America, tropics, mountains, perennials, experimental design,
cocoa, coffee, laurel LATIN AMERICA.2.B.1
17




3465 CULTIVATION UNDER SIMPLE STRUCTURES IN THE TROPICS AND
SUBTROPICS. IN: ASPAC Food & Fertilizer Technology Center Newsletter. (1991) (no.94 p.6-7, Dec. 1991) 2p. KEYWORDS: Asia, tropics, subtropics, horticulture, greenhouses, protected cultivation, plant protection, appropriate technology ASIA.2.B.1
3466 CURRENT STATUS OF PLANT RESOURCES AND UTILIZATION. (Paper
presented at the World Food Conference of 1976, June 27-July 1, 1976, Iowa State Univ.). Sprague, E.W. (1976) Mexico, D.F., Mexico: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) (Translations & Reprints No. 19) 5p. KEYWORDS: CIMMYT, food supply, cereals, food shortages, evolution, germplasm, plant
physiology, crop production, crop husbandry, varieties 2.B.1
3467 ESTABLECIMIENTO DE 6 HIBRIDOS DE CACAO POR EL METODO DE
RENOVACION "TURRIALBA". Enriquez, G. (1983) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensefianza (CATIE). 10p. KEYWORDS: CATIE, cocoa, improved varieties,
research methodology, cost benefit analysis LATIN AMERICA.2.B.1
3468 FRONTIERS FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN VEGETABLE PRODUCTION.
Wittwer, S.H. (1983) Tainan, Taiwan: Asian Vegetable Research
and Development Centre (AVRDC), Office of Information Services.
(10th Anniversery Monograph Series) 19p. KEYWORDS: Asia,
vegetables, genetics, plant breeding 2.B.1
3469 GUIA PARA EL CULTIVO DEL CACAO EN NICARAGUA. Peralta V.,
J.R. (1980) Managua, Nicaragua: Ministerio de Desarrollo
Agropecuario, Instituto Nicaraguense de Tecnologia Agropecuaria.
37p. KEYWORDS: Central America, Latin America, Nicaragua, cocoa,
guides, handbooks, climatic zones, cultivation methods NI.2.B.1
3470 IMPROVING ADAPTATION AND YIELD DEPENDABILITY IN MAIZE IN THE
DEVELOPING WORLD. Paliwal, R.L. (1981) Mexico, D.F., Mexico:
Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT).
17p. KEYWORDS: CIMMYT, tropics, maize, hybrids, varieties,
varietal improvement, yield factors 2.B.1
3471 LEAF AREA, LIGHT TRANSMISSION, ROOTS AND LEAF DAMAGE IN NINE
TROPICAL PLANT COMMUNITIES. IN: Agro-Ecosystems. Ewel, J.
(1982) (Vol.7 p.305-26, 1985) 22p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Mexico, Costa Rica, plant physiology, photosynthesis, tropics, perennials, coffee, leaves, monoculture,
polyculture QH540/.A36
3472 LEAF-BUD CUTTINGS, A RAPID MULTIPLICATION TECHNIQUE FOR
POTATOES. Quevedo B., M. (1981) Lima, Peru: International Potato Center (CIP). (CIP Slide Training Series I: Rapid
Multiplication Techniques, Guide-Book 1/4) 10p. KEYWORDS: CIP,
potatoes, training, plant propagation 2.B.1
18




3473 MANUAL FOR FIELD COLLECTORS OF RICE. Chang, T.T. (1972)
Los Bafos, Laguna, Philippines: International Rice Research
Institute (IRRI) 31p. KEYWORDS: IRRI, rice, genetic resources,
seeds, seed selection, handbooks 2.B.1
3474 ORIGINS AND EARLY HISTORY OF MAIZE IN EAST AFRICA WITH
SPECIAL REFERENCE TO KENYA. Sammons, D. (1987) Njoro, Kenya: Egerton Univ. College. (no.2, Feb. 1987) 12p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
East Africa, Kenya, maize, cultivars, food habits 2.B.1
3475 PHOTOPERIODISM IN RELATION TO FORAGE YIELDING PEARL MILLET.
IN: Sabrao Journal. Patil, B.D. (1978) (Vol.10 no.2 p.126-29, 1978) 4p. KEYWORDS: tropics, millets, fodder 'crops, forage
crops, seasonality, plant physiology 2.B.1
3476 POTATO TAXONOMIES IN ANDEAN AGRICULTURE. IN: Indigenous
Knowledge Systems and Development D. Brokensha, ed. Brush, S.B.
(1980) Lanham, Md.: University Press of America. (p.37-47) llp.
KEYWORDS: South America, Latin America, potatoes, classification,
indigenous knowledge systems, taxonomy GN476/.I52
3477 RECURSOS GENETICOS PARA EL ALTIPLANO. IN: Perspectivas de
la Investigaci6n Agropecuaria para el Altiplano. Luis Arguelles and Rubdn Dario Estrada, eds. Holle, M. (1991) Lima, Peru: Proyecto de Investigaci6n en Sistemas Agropecuarios Andinos (PISA).
(p.305-18) 13p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Peru, Andean region, Altiplano, genetic resources, germplasm, resource
conservation, traditional farming ++
3478 RICE IMPROVEMENT IN THE MANGROVE SWAMPS OF WEST AFRICA. IN:
Developing World Agriculture, 1991. Aygen-Sampong, M. (1991) London: Grosvenor Press International Ltd. (p.97-106) 10p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, rice, swamps, mangrove swamps,
improved varieties, salinity, WARDA S482/.D48/1991
3479 SIMULATION MODEL FOR SORGHUM CROP AND ITS APPLICATION. IN:
Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. Huda, A.K.S. (1986) (Vol.29 no.4 p.317-30, Dec. 1986) 13p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, India, ICRISAT, cropping systems, sorghum, plant physiology, models
IN.2.B.1
3480 SINGLE-NODE CUTTINGS, A RAPID MULTIPLICATION TECHNIQUE FOR
POTATOES. Bryan, J.E. (1981) Lima, Peru: International Potato Center (CIP). (CIP Slide Training Series I: Rapid Multiplication Techniques, Guide-Book I/2) 8p. KEYWORDS: CIP, potatoes,
training, plant propagation 2.B.1
41 SPROUT CUTTINGS, A RAPID MULTIPLICATION TECHNIQUE FOR
POTATOES. Bryan, J.E. (1981) Lima, Peru: Inte-rnational Potato Center (CIP). (CIP Slide Training Series I: Rapid Multiplication Techniques, Guide-Book I/1) o10p. KEYWORDS: CIP, potatoes,
training, plant propagation 2.B.1
19




3482 STEM CUTTINGS, A RAPID MULTIPLICATION TECHNIQUE FOR POTATOES.
Bryan, J.E. (1981) Lima, Peru: International Potato Center (CIP). (CIP Slide Training Series I: Rapid Multiplication
Techniques, Guide-Book I/3) 16p. KEYWORDS: CIP, potatoes,
training, plant propagation 2.B.1
3483 TRUE POTATO SEED: AN ALTERNATIVE METHOD FOR POTATO
PRODUCTION. (1983) Lima, Peru: International Potato Center (CIP) (CIP Slide Training Series III-1) 12p. KEYWORDS: CIP, potatoes,
training, plant propagation, seeds 2.B.1
2.B.2 CROP PROTECTION
3484 DESIGNING INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE AND
PRODUCTIVE FUTURES. (Modified version of a paper presented at the Asian Farming Systems Research and Extension Symposium, Bangkok, Thailand, November 19-22, 1990). Pimbert, M.P. (1991) London: International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), Sustainable Agriculture Programme. (Gatekeeper Series no.SA29) 19p. KEYWORDS: IIED, integrated pest management, pesticides, health, plant protection, farmer participation, technology development, innovation adoption, sustainable agriculture,
biological control 2.B.2
3485 MEJORAMIENTO GENATICO PARA RESISTENCIA A CINCO ENFERMEDADES
DE CACAO. (Paper prepared for the 6th International Conference for Cacao Research, Caracas, Venezuela, Nov. 6-12, 1977). Enriquez, G.A. (1977) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensehanza (CATIE). 35p. KEYWORDS: CATIE,
cocoa, plant diseases, resistance genes 2.B.2
3486 OUTLOOK ON FARMING SYSTEMS AND ROOT-KNOT DAMAGE TO CROPS IN
EASTERN NIGERIA. IN: GeoJournal. Ogbuji, R.O. (1979) (Vol.3
no.6 p.567-70, 1979) 4p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Nigeria, disease control, cropping systems, monocropping, traditional
farming, plant diseases HC79/.E5/G425 Arch
3487 PESTS IN TOMATOES: OCCURENCE, SYMPTOMS, CAUSES, LOCAL NAMES
AND MANAGEMENT. Khan, N. (1992) Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept. of Planning and Development. (PATA Pub. 82) 48p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan, tomatoes, cash crops, irrigated farming, rain-fed
farming, pests, insect pests, plant diseases, indigenous knowledge
systems, integrated pest *management, farmer participation
PK.2.B.2
3488 TROPICAL PLANT DISEASES. Thurston, H.D. (1984) St. Paul,
Minn.: American Phytopathological Society. (USAID doc.
PN-AAT-798-42094) 208p. KEYWORDS: tropics, plant diseases, plant pathology, crops, environmental factors, crop protection,
bibliographies SB608/.T8/T49/1984
20




2.B.2.B ANIMAL KINGDOM
3489 CASSAVA PRODUCTION AND VEGETATIVE GROWTH RELATED TO CONTROL
DURATION OF SHOOT FLIES AND FRUIT FLIES. (Paper presented at the Cassava Plant Protection Workshop at CIAT, Nov. 7-12, 1977).
Saunders, J.L. (1977)* Turrialba, Costa Rica: J.L. Saunders, CATIE. 11p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Costa Rica, cassava, pests, pest control, insects, crop production,
yields CR.CAT.2.B.2.B
3490 COMPARAISON DES METHODES DE TRAITEMENTS PHYTOSANITAIRES DE
NIEBE. Ibro, G. [1991?] Niamey, Niger: Ministeres de
l'Agriculture et de l'Elevage, Institut National de Recherches Agronomique du Niger, Departement de Recherches en Economie Rurale.
(Programme de Recherche sur les Systemes de Production Agricole; Doc. no. 23F) 37p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sahel, West Africa, Niger,
cowpeas, insecticide application, yields, labor, on-farm trials
NE.2.B.2.B
3491 FARMER MANAGEMENT OF POTATO INSECT PESTS IN PERU. (Report of
an Interdisciplinary Research Project in Selected Regions of the Highlands and Coast.). Ewell, P.T. (1990) Lima, Peru:
International Potato Center (CIP). (Food Systems Research Series no. 6) 87p. KEYWORDS: South America, Latin America, Peru, CIP, potatoes, insect pests, pesticides, pest control, integrated pest management, storage, Andean weevil, leaf miner fly, potato tuber moth, on-farm research, surveys, farmer participation, indigenous
knowledge systems ++
3492 NEW RICEFIELD RAT CONTROL IS SAFE AND NONCHEMICAL. IN: IRRI
Reporter. (1992) (No.1, March 1992) 2p. KEYWORDS: rice, rats,
pest control, appropriate technology SB191/.R5/L596a
3493 PROVISIONAL LIST OF INSECT AND MITE PESTS OF FOOD CROPS IN
CENTRAL AMERICA. King, A.B.S. (1978) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensefianza (CATIE) (CATIE Program of Annual Crops) 9p. KEYWORDS: Central America, Latin America, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, pests, insects,
mites LATIN AMERICA.2.B.2.B
3494 VERTEBRATE PESTS IN CENTRAL AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN: AN
ANTHROPOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION. IN: Katunob: a Newsletter
Bulletin on Mesoamerican Anthropology. Rhoades, R.E. (1977)
(Vol.10 no.4 p.58-71, Dec. 1977) 14p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Caribbean, Guatemala, Dominican Republic, anthropology, pests, pest control, indigenous knowledge systems,
appropriate technology LATIN AMERICA.2.B.2.B
21




3495 WORKING WITH NATURE: PROGRESS IN BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF
CASSAVA PESTS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA. IN: Developing World
Agriculture, 1990. Herren, T.R. (1990) London: Grosvenor Press International Ltd. (p.91-94; Article taken from IITA Annual Report and Research Highlights 1987-88) 4p. KEYWORDS: Africa, cassava, insect pests, integrated pest management, international
cooperation, biological control S482/.D48/1990
2.B.2.C FUNGI AND BACTERIA
3496 DESARROLLO E IMPACTO DE LA MONILIASIS DEL CACAO EN COSTA
RICA. Enriquez, G.A. (1983) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensebanza (CATIE). 9p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Costa Rica, CATIE,
cocoa, plant diseases CR.2.B.2.C
3497 EFECTO DE PERIODOS DE DESCANSO DE SUELO EN EL RENDIMIENTO E
INCIDENCIA DE PSEUDOMONAS SOLANACEARUM EN PAPA EN HONDURAS. IN: Fitopatologia. Mateo, N. (1982) (Vol.17 no.1 p.24-29, May 1982) 6p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Honduras, crop production, plant diseases, bacteria, disease control, potatoes,
fallow, yield factors, pseudomonas solanacearum HN.2.B.2.C
3498 PROCEEDINGS OF THE FIFTH BIENNIAL SMUT WORKERS' WORKSHOP.
(Held at Cuidad Obregon, Sonora, Mexico, April 28-30, 1986).
(1986) Mexico, D.F., Mexico: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) 42p. KEYWORDS: CIMMYT, cereals,
plant diseases, disease control, disease resistance, fungi
2.B.2.C
2.B.3 ANIMALS
3499 APPROPRIATE ANIMAL HEALTH INFORMATION SYSTEMS FOR NOMADIC AND
TRANSHUMANT LIVESTOCK POPULATION IN AFRICA. IN: Revue
Scientifiaue et Technique Office International Des Epizooties.
Sollod, A.E. (1991) (Vol.10 nol p.89-101, 1991) 7p. KEYWORDS: Africa, arid regions, semiarid zones, livestock, animal health,
nomads, pastoral systems, appropriate technology, transhumance
AFRICA.2.B.3
3500 I.A.P.M.P. TECH PACK TESTING: BASIC SUGGESTION FOR CARE
AND MANAGEMENT OF THE BROOD SOW AND LITTER. (1979) Manhattan,
Kan.: Kansas State Univ. (Animal Husbandry, 1979) 4p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Philippines, pigs, livestock production,
animal health, animal nutrition, reproduction, lactation
PH.2.B.3
22




3501 I.A.P.M.P. TECH PACK TESTING: BASIC SUGGESTIONS FOR CARE
AND MANAGEMENT OF THE GROWING-FINISHING PIG. Koch, B.A. (1979)* Manhattan, Kan.: B.A.Koch, Kansas State Univ. (Animal Husbandry 1979) 4p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Philippines, pigs,
livestock, animal husbandry, animal nutrition PH.2.B.3
3502 LEUCAENA: AN END TO TOXICITY IN RUMINANTS? IN: ILCA
Newsletter. Chater, S. (1986) (Vol.5 no.2 p.1-3, April 1986) 3p. KEYWORDS: ILCA, Africa, agroforestry, livestock feeding, animal nutrition, Leucaena, cattle, goats, sheep, ruminants,
toxicity SF1/.122
3503 MANUAL ON HEAT DETECTION, ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION AND
PREGNANCY DIAGNOSIS FOR WATER BUFFALO. (Prepared from discussion and papers presented during "Pregnancy Diagnosis (PD) and Artificial Insemination (AI) for Buffalo Training Course", Philippines, Thailand and Taiwan, Sept. 4-17, 1988). de Guzman, M.R. (1989) Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.: Food and Fertilizer Technology Center for the Asian and Pacific Basin (FFTC) 16p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, buffalo, reproduction, handbooks, artificial
insemination ASIA.2.B.3
3504 N'DAMA CATTLE: MANAGING AFRICA'S GENETIC RESOURCES. IN:
ILRAD Reports. Dwinger, R. (1989) (p.1-6, Oct. 1989; Also available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203, tel.: 501-376-6836; request no.5608) 6p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Gambia, ILRAD, livestock, cattle, genetic resources, traditional farming, milk, animal diseases,
tsetse fly, disease resistance SF600/.I14 (Vet. Med.)
3505 NATURAL VETERINARY MEDICINE. IN: GATE. Matzigkeit, U.
(1991) (No.3 p.36-37, Sept. 1991) 2p. KEYWORDS: veterinary medicine, animal diseases, animal husbandry, biological control,
parasites 2.B.3
3506 PLANNED HEALTH CARE PROGRAMS FOR SMALL-SCALE LIVESTOCK FARMS
IN THE PHILIPPINES. Molina, J.Q. (1991) Taipei City, Taiwan: ASPAC Food and Fertilizer Technology Center. (Extension Bulletin no. 337, Sept. 1991) 13p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Philippines, livestock, income, animal diseases, animal health,
production costs, veterinary services ++
3507. SUSTAINABLE SWINE PRODUCTION IN THE U.S. CORN BELT. IN:
American Journal of Alternative Agriculture. Honeyman, M.S.
(1991) (Vol.6 no.2 p.63-69, 1991) 7p. KEYWORDS: US, Iowa, pigs, maize, sustainable agriculture, alternative farming, livestock, nutrient cycles, manures, animal health S695/.5/A457
23




3508 TRAINING NOMADIC "BAREFOOT VETS". IN: ILEIA Newsletter.
Ali, T. (1991) (Vol.7 no.3 p.26-27, Oct. 1991; Also available from Heifer Project International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark.
72203; tel: 501-376-6836; request no.6403) 2p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Somalia, nomads, cattle, animal health, training,
veterinary services, livestock S494.5/S86/I44
3 HUMAN ELEMENT: EXOGENOUS FACTORS
3509 ACCESSING THE NON-GOVERNMENTAL LITERATURE OF TROPICAL
AGRICULTURE. (Paper presented at the CGIAR Documentation and Information Services Meeting, Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP),-Lima Peru, May 4-8, 1987). Posnett, N.W. (1987) Surbiton, Surrey, U.K.: N.W. Posnett, Overseas Development Administration (ODA), Land Resources Development Center. 23p. KEYWORDS:
tropics, agricultural research, documentation, information
retrieval, diffusion of information 3
3510 ADDING A REGIONAL PERSPECTIVE TO FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH:
CONCEPTS AND ANALYSIS. IN: Human Organization. Little, P.D.
(1985) (Vol.44 no.4 p.331-338, Winter 1985) 8p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, case studies, regions, evaluation, problem identification, production constraints, linkages, economy
GN1/.H83
3511 AFRICAN FAMINES AND FOOD SECURITY: ANTHROPOLOGICAL
PERSPECTIVES. IN: Annual Review of Anthropology. Shipton, P.
(1990) (Vol.19 p.353-94, 1990) 42p. KEYWORDS: Africa, famine, anthropology, food security, socioeconomic conditions,
bibliographies GN4/.A59/v.19/1990
3512 BUENA ESPERANZA: UNA ESPERANZA PERDIDA. Lago Y, M.S.
(1985) Santiago, Chile: Academia de Humanismo Cristiano, Grupo de Investigaciones Agrarias (GIA). (Documento de Trabajo No.10) 52p.
KEYWORDS: GIA, Latin America, South America, Chile, forestry, farm
workers CL.3
3513 CARACTERISTICAS AGRICOLAS Y SOCIALES DEL VALLE DEL RIO
PORTOVIEJO. Uquillas, J. [1987?]* Ecuador: J. Uquillas. 40p.
KEYWORDS: South America, Latin America, Ecuador, socioeconomic conditions, physical features, research methodology, INIAP, cropping systems, case studies, pesticides, credit, technical
assistance EC.3
3514 CAUSES OF DEFORESTATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. IN: Annals
of the Association of American Geographers. Allen, J.C. (1985) (Vol.75 no.2 p.163-84, 1985) 22p. KEYWORDS: energy, fuels, fuelwood, forestry, deforestation, population growth HD140/.A36
24




3515 DESARROLLO RURAL: POSIBILIDADES Y LIMITACIONES EN PUNO.
Ccama, F. (1991) Lima, Peru: F. Ccama; Casilla 388, Peno, Peru, Apartado 110677, Lima 11, Perd. 126p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Peru, rural development, methodology, poverty, planning of research, problem identification, appropriate technology, crop production, women, socioeconomic analysis ++
3516 DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES AND THE ENVIRONMENT. (For
Presentation at a Conference on the Environment held at WIDER, Helsinki, Sept. 2-7, 1990.). Adelman, I. (1991) Berkeley, Calif.: Univ. of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Dept. of Agricultural and Resource Economics. (Working Paper no. 587, March 1991) 41p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Mexico, Africa, Senegal, environmental factors, development strategies, environmental degradation, economic development, deforestation,
case studies, models, intensive farming, imports, exports
HD1415/.W67 (Ag. Docs.)
3517 DIAGNOSTICO AGRO-SOCIOECONOMICO DE LA PROVINCIA DE MANABI.
Uquillas, J. [1985?]* Ecuador: J. Uquillas. 38p. KEYWORDS:
South America, Latin America, Ecuador, physical features, ecology, demographics, cropping systems, socioeconomic conditions EC.3
3518 ESTIMATING FOOD PRODUCTION CHANGES AND PROJECT MONITORING AND
EVALUATION IN NIGERIA. IN: Agricultural Administration. Lai, K.C. (1986) (Vol.22 p.161-73, 1986) 7p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Nigeria, food production, population growth, national
programs and projects HD1401/.A36
3519 FAMINE IN ETHIOPIA: RELIEF AND RECOVERY. IN: ILCA
Newsletter. (1985) (Vol.4 no.1, Jan. 1985) 6p. KEYWORDS: ILCA, Africa, East Africa, Ethiopia, famine, drought, livestock,
development strategies, desertification, remote sensing SFl/.I22
3520 FUELWOOD, AGRO-FORESTRY AND NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT: THE
DEVELOPMENT SIGNIFICANCE OF LAND TENURE AND OTHER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT/UTILIZATION SYSTEMS. Brokensha, D. (1984)
Binghampton, N.Y.: Insitute for Development Anthropology (IDA)
64p. KEYWORDS: fuelwood, agroforestry, natural resources, ecosystems, socioeconomic conditions, cultural ecology, land tenure, resource management, national programs and projects, social
forestry, communal tenure, waste land 3
3521 INVESTIGACION DE LOS SISTEMAS AGROPECUARIOS ALTO ANDINOS
(3,000-4,000 M.S.N.M.) EN COMUNIDADES CAMPESINAS DE AYECUCHO PERU. Rivera, J.V [1987?]* Ayacucho, Peru: J.V. Rivera, Univ.
de Huamanga, Programa de Investigacion de Cultivos Andinos (PICA).
16p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Peru, Andean
region, food, socioeconomic conditions surveys, vilae level
studies PE.3
25




3522 LAND TENURE, INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS AND PRODUCER DECISIONS ON
FRAGILE LANDS. (Presented to Land Tenure Workshop, Annapolis, Md., April 23-26, 1984). Collins, J. (1984) Worcester,
Mass./Binghampton, N.Y.: Clark Univ./Insitute for Development Anthropology (IDA). (Cooperative Agreement on Human Settlements and Natural Resource Systems Analysis) 13p. KEYWORDS: tropics, social analysis, socioeconomic conditions, ecology, environmental
degradation, land tenure, employment, poverty 3
3523 MAKING AID PROJECTS MORE SUITED TO LOCAL NEEDS. McNeill, D.
[1986?] Edinburgh, Scotland: Edinburgh Univ., Centre for African Studies. (Occasional Papers no.10) 26p. KEYWORDS: development agencies, development strategies, development theory, planning of
research 3
3524 MODERN CROP PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY IN AFRICA: THE CONDITIONS
FOR SUSTAINABILITY. IN: Africa's Agricultural Development in the 1990's: Can It Be Sustained? (Proceedings of a Workshop, May 14-18, 1991, Arusha, Tanzania). Plucknett, D.L. (1991) s.l.: Centre for Applied Studies in International Negotiations (CASIN), Sasakawa Africa Association (SAA), Global 2000, Inc. (p.127-40) 14p. KEYWORDS: Africa, agricultural history, fertilizers, yields, development theory, productivity, sustainable agriculture, agricultural technology, genetic resources, resource management,
international cooperation, NARS ++ (ACJ8646)
3525 PROFILES OF TEN TECH PACK TOWNS. Koch, B.A. [1979?]*
Manhattan, Kan.: B. Koch, Kansas State Univ. 3p. KEYWORDS:
Asia, Southeast Asia, Philippines, village level studies,
demographics, infrastructure PH.3
3526 SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF SMALL RUMINANT PRODUCTION SYSTEMS.
IN: Partners in Research: A Five Year Report of the Small Ruminant Collaborative Research Support Program. Nolan, M.F.
(1983) Davis, Calif.: Univ. of California. (p.129-31) 3p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Morocco, small ruminants, sheep, goats, sociological analysis, socioeconomic conditions, pastoral
systems, SR-CRSP MA.3
3527 WORKING TOGETHER SMALL FARMERS' COOPERATIVES AND FAO.
(1987) Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 34p. KEYWORDS: FAO, farmers'
associations, cooperatives, rural development, poverty, international cooperation, development objectives, development
strategies 3
26




3.A SOCIAL ORGANIZATION AND COMMUNITY STRUCTURE
3528 ALCANCES DE LAS POLITICAS AGRARIAS EN COMUNIDADES CAMPESINAS.
Ccama, F., ed. (1990) Puno, Peri: Proyecto de Investigaci6n en Sistemas Agropecuarios Andinos (INIAA-PISA). (Estudios Tecnicos No.2) 79p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Andean region, Peru, Altiplano, policy, surveys, baseline data, community organization, inputs, farmers' attitudes, crops, livestock,
socioeconomic analysis ++
3529 ETHNICITY AND SOCIAL CLASS FORMATION IN THE BOLIVIAN
LOWLANDS. Painter, M. (1985) Worcester, Mass./Binghampton, N.Y.: Clark Univ./Institute for Development Anthroplogy. (Cooperative Agreement on Settlement and Natural Resource Systems Analysis) 26p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Bolivia, lowland areas, class conflict, marketing systems, ethnic groups,
resettlement BO.3.A
3530 INSTITUTIONS AND ECONOMIC LINKAGES AT THE VILLAGE LEVEL IN
WEST JAVA, INDONESIA. Adelman, I. (1992) Berkeley, Calif.: Univ. of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Dept. of Agricultural and Resource Economics. (Working Paper no.623) 39p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Indonesia, Java, mathematical models, economic analysis, village level studies,
markets HD1415/.W67/Ag.Docs.
3531 PEASANTS RELATIONSHIPS SYSTEMS IN SOUTHERN THAILAND. IN:
Proceedings of the Franco-Thai Workshop on Natural Rubber "Tapping Practices on Smallholdings in Southern Thailand", Nov.
21-24, 1989, Hat Yai/Pattani, Thailand. Le Roux, P. (1990) Hat Yai, Thailand: Songkhla Rubber Research Centre. (p.74-106) 33p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Thailand, socioeconomic conditions, social status, marketing, anthropology, interdisciplinary research, geography, demographics, rubber,
agroforestry ++
3532 REHABILITATION DES PERIMATRES IRRIGUES: SYNTHESES DES
TRAVAUX DU GROUPE EN 1989. (1991) Paris: GRET. (Travaux de Recherche Developpement) 80p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sahel, Senegal, Mali, Niger, Madagascar, Latin America, Haiti, irrigation systems, infrastructure, programs and projects, management, farmer participation, water management, irrigated farming, villages, farmer groups, community development, public perimeter irrigation,
networks ++
3533 ROLE AND TRAINING OF VILLAGE AGRICULTURAL COMMITTEES IN
FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH IN LESOTHO. Matabo, T. [1984?]* Maseru, Lesotho: T. Matabo, Ministry of Agriculture. 12p. K7YWORDS: Africa, Southern Africa, Lesotho, farmer participation, national programs and projects, training, education, technology transfers,
farmer groups, villages LS.3.A
27




3534 ROLE OF SMALL ENTERPRISES AND SMALL TOWNS IN THE DEVELOPING
COUNTRIES AND IN THE DEVELOPED. Pederson, P.O. (1989)
Copenhagen: Center for Development Research (CDR). (CDR Project Paper 89, May 1989) 98p. KEYWORDS: CDR,-Africa, Denmark, small businesses, development theory, informal sector, rural development
AFRICA.3.A
3535 SAN JULIAN: BALANCE Y DESAFIOS. (Paper presented at the
Conference on Settlement and Settlement Policy in the Amazon, Sponsored by the Amazon Research and Training Program of the University of Florida, the Pontificia Universidad Cat61ica del Peri1, and the Instituto Andino de Estudios de Poblaci6n; Lima, Peru, May 1985). Perez-Crespo, C.A. (1985) Worcester,
Mass/Binghampton, N.Y.: Clark Univ./Institute for Development Anthropology (IDA) (Cooperative Agreement on Human Settlements and Natural Resource Systems Analysis) 30p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Bolivia, case studies, resettlement, village level
studies BO.3.A
3536 TECNOLOGIA APROPIADA PARA PEQUEROS PROPIETARIOS: ALGUNAS
IMPLICACIONES DE LA ESTRATIFICACION SOCIAL PARA LA INVESTIGACION DE SISTEMAS AGROPECUARIOS. Garrett, P. [n.d.]* s.l.: P. Garrett.
(Sumario) 8p. KEYWORDS: appropriate technology, social
stratification, socioeconomic conditions 3.A
3537 VIABLE OBJECTIVES FOR SMALLHOLDER PROGRAMS: VARIATION BY
SOCIAL STRATA. IN: Agricultural Administration. Garrett, P.
(1986) (Vol.22 p.39-55, 1986) 8p. KEYWORDS: small businesses, social class, socioeconomic conditions, subsistence farming, social stratification, commodities, project appraisal, national programs
and projects HD1401/.A36
3.C COMMUNITY NORMS AND BELIEFS
3538 BEYQND THE FARMER: POTATO CONSUMPTION IN THE TROPICS. IN:
Research for the Potato in the Year 2000: Proceedings of the International Congress, CIP Tenth Anniversary, Lima, Perd, Feb.
22-27, 1982. W.J. Hooker, ed. Poats, S.V. (1983) Lima, Perd: International Potato Center (CIP) (p.10-17, 1983; CIP Reprint) 8p. KEYWORDS: CIP, potatoes, tropics, cultural ecology,
-socioeconomic conditions, food habits, food preferences 3.C
3539 DEATH OF TARO: LOCAL RESPONSE TO A CHANGE OF SUBSISTENCE
CROPS IN THE NORTHERN SOLOMON ISLANDS. IN: Mankind.. Connell, J.
(1978) (Vol.11 no.4 p.445-52, 1978) 8p. KEYWORDS: Oceania, Papua New Guinea, taro, sweet potatoes, socioeconomic conditions, social change, cultural environment, anthropology, plant diseases,
food habits GN1/.M35
28




3540 REVITALIZING INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE. IN: ILETA Newsletter.
Rist, R. (1991) (Vol.7 no.3 p.22-23, Oct. 1991) 2p. KEYWORDS: South America, Latin America, Bolivia, Andean region, indigenous
knowledge systems, traditional farming, sustainable agriculture
S494.5/.S86/I44
3541 SOME METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES IN THE MEASUREMENT, ANALYSIS AND
EVALUATION OF PEASANT FARMERS' KNOWLEDGE OF THEIR ENVIRONMENT.
Barker, D. (1977) London: Monitoring and Assessment Research
Centre (MARC), Chelsea College, Univ. of London. (MARC Report no.9, 1977) 13p. KEYWORDS: indigenous knowledge systems,
methodology, research, environment 3.C
3.D POPULATION, NUTRITION AND HEALTH
3542 FEEDING CHINA'S BILLIONS: GEOGRAPHIC CONSTRAINTS AND
AGRICULTURAL SUCCESSES. (Agricultural Resources and Development in the People's Republic of China, Draft). Youguan, K. (1990)* Beijing, China: K.Youguan, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Institute of Agricultural National Resources and Regional Planning. 22p. KEYWORDS: Asia, East Asia, China, geography, constraints, arable land, water management, population growth, crop
production, food supply CN.3.D
3543 FOOD LACED WITH CYANIDE. IN: Partners in Research for
Development. Ferrar, P. (1992) (No.5 p.29-33, April 1992) 5p.
KEYWORDS: ACIAR, Africa, Asia, West Africa, Nigeria, cassava, health, food preparation, poisoning, processing, toxicity, cyanide
NG.3.D
3544 GOING QUIETLY: THE BORANA PASTORALISTS OF SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA.
IN: ILCA Newsletter. Cossins, N. (1985) (Vol.4 no.2 p.3-4, April 1985) 2p. KEYWORDS: ILCA, Africa, East Africa, Ethiopia, drought, famine, pastoral society, food consumption, animal health,
cattle, food supply SF1/.122
3545 NUTRITION IN AGRICULTURE: COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT. (Phase III
Workplan; Oct.1, 1988 Sept.30, 1989). (1988) Tucson,
Ariz./Lexington, Ky.: Univ. of Arizona/Univ. of Kentucky. 13p.
KEYWORDS: nutrition, food consumption, planning of research,
programs and projects 3.D
3546 PATTERNS OF CONSUMPTION AND NUTRITIVE VALUE OF HUMAN DIETS IN
FOUR EGYPTIAN VILLAGES OF THE RICE ZONE. Aziz Mohamed, A.A.
(1982) Davis, Calif.: Univ. of California, Agricultural
Development Systems, Egypt Project. (Economics Working Paper Series no.83, July 1982) 30p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Egypt, food consumption, rice, nutrition, health, food habits,
-ocoleconomic conditions, diet EG.3.D
29




3547 WEANING PRACTICES AND WEANING FOODS OF THE HAUSAS, YORUBAS,
AND IBOS OF NIGERIA. IN: Ecology of Food and Nutrition.
Uwaegbute, A.C. (1991) (Vol.26 p.139-53, 1991) 15p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Nigeria, weaning foods, diet, food consumption, food habits, infant feeding, nutrition, women,
children TX341/.E26
3.E EXTERNAL INSTITUTIONS
3548 ACDI WORKSHOP ON ASSISTING AND ORGANIZING SMALL FARMERS.
(Workshop at International Conference Center, Reston, Va., Oct.
23-25, 1975). (1975) Washington, D.C.: Agricultural Cooperative Development International (ACDI). 45p. KEYWORDS: ACDI,
farmers' associations, cooperatives, rural development, development
planning 3.E
3549 AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT. (Course
Reference and Reading Materials, July 15, Aug. 23, 1985). (1985) Norwich, England: Univ. of East Anglia, Overseas Development Group. 34p. KEYWORDS: bibliographies, planning of research,
management, training, agricultural education 3.E
3550 ANALYSIS ON SUSTAINABILITY OF CHINA'S AGRICULTURAL
DEVELOPMENT AND COUNTERMEASURES. (Paper submitted for presentation at the 11th Annual FSR/E Symposium, Michigan State Univ., E.
Lansing, Mich., Oct. 5-10, 1991.). Xu, C. [1991?]* Beijing, China: C. Xu, Beijing Agricultural Univ. 9p. KEYWORDS: Asia, China, production constraints, policy, yields, sustainable agriculture, environmental degradation, national programs and
projects CN.3.E
3551 APPROACH OF THE CARIBBEAN AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION PROJECT.
IN: Agricultural Diversification: Policies and Strategies: Proceedings of the 19th West Indies Agricultural Economics Conference. C.A. Pemberton, ed. Pemberton, C.A. (1990) St.
Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago: University of the West Indies, Dept. of Agricultural Extension. 6p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Caribbean, diversification, cropping systems, extension, research
methodology ++
3552 FEEDING MANKIND IN THE 19801S THE ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH. (Third Annual Agricultural Sector Symposia, Jan. 5, 1982, World Bank, Washington, D.C.). Borlaug, N.E. (1982) Mexico, D.F. Mexico: Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT). (CIMMYT Reprint) 33p. KEYWORDS: CIMMYT, food security, food production, yields, cropping systems, technology
transfers, socioeconomic conditions, IARCs 3.E
30




3553 FINAL REPORT: AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN THE GAM4BIA,
1989/90. (1989/90 National Agricultural Sample Survey (NASS 89)).
(1990) Banjul, The Gambia: Ministry of Agriculture, Dept. of Planning, National Agricultural Data Centre (NADC). (NASS
Technical Bulletin no.89-13) 25p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Gambia, national programs and projects, surveys, reports, crop production, farm size, yields, maize, rice, cassava, data
collection GM.3.E
3554 INCREASING ROLE OF WHEAT CONSUMPTION AND IMPORTS IN THE
DEVELOPING WORLD. Byerlee, D. (1983) Mexico, D.F., Mexico: Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT) (CIMMYT's Economics Program Working Paper No.05/83) 87p.
KEYWORDS: CIMMYT, wheat, imports, food distribution, food aid,
consumer prices, food security 3.E
3555 MARCO DE DESARROLLO APROPIADO PARA LAS PEQUEIAS FINCAS DE
LADERA: PROYECTO MANEJO DE RECURSOS NATURALES 1982-1985. Dulin, P. (1986) Tegucigalpa, Honduras: Proyecto Manejo de Recursos Naturales. 20p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America,.
Honduras, resource management, natural resources, land management,
national programs and projects, objectives HN.3.E
3556 NATIONAL AND AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES IN NIGER:
A REVIEW OF DEVELOPMENT PLANS, 1961-1983. Conly, S. (1979)*
Niamey, Niger: United States Agency for International Development (USAID). (Part I; see S. Conly, GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND INSTITUTIONS AFFECTING RAINFED AGRICULTURE for Part II) 88p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Niger, national programs and projects, development planning, development agencies, drought,
income, resource allocation, socioeconomic conditions NE.3.E
3557 NETWORKING FOR ECOLOGICAL FARMING IN PERU. IN: GATE.
Kolmans, E. (1991) (No.4 p.11-13, Dec. 1991) 3p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Peru, NGOs, organic farming, networks, sustainable agriculture, CONAE, development
administration, ecology PE.3.E
3558 PLANNING FOR LONG-TERM INSTITUTIONAL LINKAGES WITH FACULTIES
OF AGRICULTURE IN AFRICA. McBreen, E.L. (1987) Washington, D.C.: Board for International Food and Agricultural Development (BIFAD), United States Agency for International Development (USAID).
(Occasional Paper no.11, Feb. 1987) 46p. KEYWORDS: Africa, universities, schools, agricultural education, international
cooperation, land grant system ++ (ACE7508)
31




3559 PRODUCERS' PRICE SYSTEM AND THE COFFEE AND COCOA TRADE AT
VILLAGE LEVEL IN WEST AFRICA. Muntjewerff, C.A. (1982) Leiden, Netherlands: African Studies Centre (ASC). (Working Papers no.6/1982) 23p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Cameroon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, price policy, economic analysis,
transportation, credit, constraints, coffee, cocoa, trade
AFRICA.3.E
3560 REGIONAL PLANNING FOR PEOPLE, PARKS AND WILDLIFE IN THE
NORTHERN PORTION OF THE SEBUNGWE REGION, ZIMBABWE. Scudder, T.
(1982) Worcester, Mass./Binghamton, N.Y.: Clark
University/Institute for Development Anthropology. (Cooperative Agreement on Human Settlements and Natural Resource Systems Analysis) 39p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Southern Africa, Zimbabwe, anthropology, regional planning, national programs and projects, settlement, natural resources, game management, fisheries, sociological analysis, socioeconomic conditions, wildlife ZB.3.E
3561 SOURCES AND MODELS OF AGRICULTURAL INNOVATION IN DEVELOPED
AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. IN: Agricultural Administration.
Jarrett, F.G. (1985) (Vol.18 p.217-34, 1985) 10p. KEYWORDS: agribusiness, innovation adoption, technology transfers,
traditional farming, models, on-farm testing, schools
HDI401/.A36
3562 TOWARDS AN UNDERSTANDING OF MANAGEMENT EDUCATION IN
AGRICULTURE. Loftus, L. (1980) Melbourne, Australia: Univ. of Melbourne, School of Agriculture and Forestry. 66p. KEYWORDS: small businesses, management training, socioeconomic conditions,
training, agricultural economics, agricultural planning 3.E
3.E.1 INFRASTRUCTURE, SUPPORT SYSTEMS
3563 BASELINE STUDY OF THE PERUVIAN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH,
EDUCATION AND EXTENSION SYSTEM, VOLUME I: SUMMARY. (Translated
from the Summary Document prepared by the Baseline Editorial Group for submittal to the Government of Peru, Dec. 1979). Fernandez Ddvila, J.G. (1979) Lima, Peru: Instituto Nacional de Investigaci6n Agraria. 87p. KEYWORDS: Peru, South America, Latin America, food production, food supply, coordination, education, extension, agricultural research, institutional
resources PE.3.E.I
32




3564 BASOS DE DATOS: UNA HERRAMIENTA MODERNA QUE CONTRIBUIRA A LA
OPORTUNA DIFUSION DE INFORMACION CIENTIFICA Y TECNICA. (Trabajo presentado en el Curso de Escritura Tecnica y Cientifica, Sala de Ex-Rectores, Biblioteca Central, Universidad Nacional, Heredia, Costa Rica, 20 al 22 de noviembre de 1985). Gutidrrez Jim4nez, M.
(1985)* Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensefianza (CATIE). 22p. KEYWORDS: CATIE, Latin America, databases, information specialists, diffusion of
information LATIN AMERICA.3.E.1
3565 COSTOS DE PRODUCCION EN SIETE VIVEROS FORESTALES DE COSTA
RICA. Navarro, P.C. (1985) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agronomico de Investigacion y Ensefianza (CATIE). 20p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Costa Rica, CATIE, nurseries,
climatic factors, cost benefit analysis, production costs
CR.CAT.3.E.1
3566 CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION AND EXTENSION IN
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. IN: Agricultural Administration. Chaudry, M.A. (9185) (Vol.20 p.169-186, 1985) 10p. KEYWORDS:
agricultural education, institutional resources, extension,
constraints, education, administration, training, coordination
HD.1401/.A36
3567 EFFECTIVE INFORMATION MANAGEMENT IN FORESTRY: AN APPLICATION
TO FUELWOOD RESEARCH. Rose, D.W. (1985) St. Paul, Minn.: Univ.
of Minnesota, College of Forestry. llp. KEYWORDS: Central
America, Latin America, forestry, management, decision making,
diffusion of information, fuelwood LATIN AMERICA.3.E.1
3568 INFORMACION Y DOCUMENTACION FORESTAL EN AMERICA TROPICAL.
(Contribucion voluntaria presentada en el IX Congreso Forestal Mundial, 1-10 de Julio de 1985, Mexico, D.F., Mexico). Robles, A.X. (1985) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensefianza (CATIE). 14p. KEYWORDS: Latin
America, CATIE, tropics, diffusion of information, forestry, documentation, research evaluation, human resources LATIN
AMERICA.3.E.1
3569 INVESTIGADORES AGRICOLAS LATINOAMERICANOS NO DIVULGAN LA
INFORMACION QUE GENERAN; BREVE ANALISIS DE LA SITUACION.
(Documento presentado en el Seminario de Produccion de Cultivos Anuales, CENTA, San Andrds, El Salvador, enero 30-febrero 2, 1978).
Jim6nez-Saa, H. (1978) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensenanza (CATIE). 17p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, CATIE, diffusion of information, education, research
workers, training, documentation LATIN AMERICA.3.E.1
33




3570 LESSONS FROM THE U.S. LAND GRANT EXPERIENCE FOR CREATING
AGRICULTURAL COLLEGES. (Prepared for the Role of Agricultural Universities in Rural Development Workshop, Center for Development Information and Evaluation, Agency for International Development, July 25, 1985). Flora, C.B. (1985)* Manhattan, Kan.: C.B.
Flora, Kansas State Univ. 21p. KEYWORDS: land grant system, models, universities, constraints, institution building 3.E.1
3571 NETWORKING A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM FOR GENUINE NON-FORMAL
EDUCATION. IN: Appropriate Technology. Cox, E. (1984) (Vol.11 no.1 p.28-30, June 1984) 2p. KEYWORDS: Oceania, Papua New
Guinea, networks, women, education, communication Tl/.A66
3572 RURAL POULTRY DEVELOPMENT DIRECTORY FOR AFRICA. [n.d.]
s.l.: African Network for Rural Poultry Development. (Also
available from Heifer Project International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel: 501-376-6836; request no.6303) 5p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, poultry, directories, research workers, networks
AFRICA.3.E.1
3573 SMALL FARMERS AND LANDLESS LABOURERS' DEVELOPMENT PROJECT.
(Proceedings of the Workshop held at Comilla, Bangladesh, June 1979). Bari, F. (1981) Comilla, Bangladesh: Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development. 106p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia,
Bangladesh, national programs and projects, labor, farmer participation, landlessness, income, credit, marketing, farmer
groups, self sufficiency ++
3574 SURVEY OF SUCCESSFUL EXPERIENCES IN ASSISTING THE SMALLHOLDER
LIVESTOCK PRODUCER. McCauley E.H. (1973) Washington, D.C.: World Bank. (See related item #3136 in 1991 Supplement) 71p.
KEYWORDS: cooperatives, farmers' associations, livestock, cattle,
milk production, buffalo, credit, marketing systems 3.E.1
3575 TOWARD AN INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR WATER MANAGEMENT
RESEARCH AND TRAINING. (Discussion paper prepared by staff of the Ford Foundation's New Delhi office, Group II Irrigation Development Projects, A&P Agricultural & Resource staff seminar, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, Nov. 13-17, 1979). Collins, N.R. (1979) New Delhi, India: Ford Foundation. 49p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia,
tropics, water use, water management, irrigation systems, research
objectives, institution building, international cooperation
ASIA.3.E.1
34




3.E.1.A.AA INPUT DISTRIBUTION
3576 THAI FARMERS LIKE BEING BUFFALOED BY THIS BANK: BUFFALO
LOANS HELP DOUBLE RURAL INCOMES. IN: Christian Science Monitor.
Hiebert, M. (1987) (p.14, Nov. 20, 1987) ip. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Thailand, credit, buffalo, income, appropriate
technology, banks, draft animals, social customs, inputs
TH.3.E.1.A.AA
3.E.l.A.BB EXTENSION
3577 ADOPCION DE TECNOLOGIAS EN FUNCION DE ESQUEMAS DE
TRANSFERENCIA PARA DIFERENTES TIPOS DE CLIENTELA. (Paper submitted to the 11th Annual FSRE Symposium, Michigan State Univ., E.
Lansing, Mich., Oct. 5-10, 1991). Rivera, O. [1991?]* Guatemala City, Guatemala: O. Rivera, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Nutrition, Directorate General of Agricultural Services. 12p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Guatemala, innovation adoption, technology transfers, extension, national programs and
projects, project appraisal GT.3.E.1.A.BB
3578 AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION FOR WOMEN FARMERS IN AFRICA. Saito,
K. (1990) Washington, D.C.: World Bank. (World Bank Discussion Papers 103) 73p. KEYWORDS: Africa, women, extension, handbooks, socioeconomic conditions, gender roles, training, education, human
resources S544.5/.A4/S25/1990b
3579 EXTENSION RURAL EN EL CONTEXTO DE LAS CUENCAS HIDROGAFICAS.
(Paper prepared for the course; Methods and Techniques of Extension (Level I) Panama, IDIAP IRHE, May 28-June 1, 1984). Andrade Martinez, E. (1984)* Panama: E.Andrade Martinez. 15p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, Mexico, extension, rural development,
hydrology MX.3.E.1.A.BB
3580 FARMER INVOLVEMENT AND MOTIVATION FOR DIVERSIFICATION
PROGRAMME IMPLEMENTATION. IN: Agricultural Diversification: Policies and Strategies. Proceedings of the 19th West Indies Agricultural Economics Conference. C.A. Pemberton, ed. Henderson, T.H. (1990) St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago: Univ. of the West Indies, Dept. of Agricultural Extension. (p.107-110) 4p.
KEYWORDS: Caribbean, socioeconomic conditions, farmer
participation, sociology, national programs and projects,
international cooperation, extension, diversification ++
3581 HOW TO WORK WITH FARMERS: A MANUAL FOR FIELD WORKERS, BASED
ON THE CASE OF THAILAND. Heim, F.G. (1990) Weikersheim, Germany: Josef Margraf Verlag. (Tropical Agriculture.4) 81p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Thailand, handbooks, farmers' associations,
socioeconomic conditions, education, training, extension
HN700.55/.Z9/C638/1990
35




3582 PROBLEMS FACING NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION IN DEVELOPING
COUNTRIES. Sigman, V.A. (1984) Urbana, Ill.: Univ. of Illinois, Office of International Agriculture, International Programs for Agricultural Knowledge Systems (INTERPAKS). (Series no.3, May 1984) 16p. KEYWORDS: extension, problem identification, human
resources, technology transfers, agricultural education
3.E.1.A.BB
3.E.1.A.CC CREDIT
3583 CREDITO AGROPECUARIA EN EL ECUADOR Y SU ACCESO AL SECTOR
CAMPESINO: ESTUDIO DE CASO EN EL CANTON PIMAMPIRO, PROVINCIA DE IMBABURA. Barril Garcia, A. (1983)* Quito, Ecuador: A. Barril Garcia, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias
(INIAP)/Centro de Planificacion y Estudios Sociales (CEPLAES)
21p. KEYWORDS: South America, Latin America, Ecuador, credit,
case studies, socioeconomic analysis EC.3.E.1.A.CC
3584 ESTIMACION DE COSTAS DE PRODUCCION PARA PROGRAMAS DE CREDITO
AGRICOLA: NORMAS PARA PAISES EN DESARROLLO. Tinnermeier, R.L.
(1984) Fort Collins, Colo.: Colorado State Univ., Dept. of Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics. 85p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Caribbean, Dominican Republic, production costs,
credit, USAID, surveys, handbooks DO.3.E.1.A.CC
3585 FARMER GROUPS IN CAMEROON: SOME EXPERIMENTS IN CREDIT
DELIVERY. Oxby, C. (1981) London: Overseas Development Institute (ODI), Agricultural Administration Unit. (Agricultural Administration Network Discussion Paper 7, Nov. 1981) 17p.
KEYWORDS: ODI, Africa, West Africa, Cameroon, credit, farmer groups, loans, economic policy, collective farming, farmers'
attitudes, cash crops CM.3.E.1.A.CC
3586 MICRO LOANS ON MACRO SCALE REAP RETURNS THIRD WORLD AND
DONORS GAIN FROM FUNDS TO SMALL ENTERPRISES. IN: Christian
Science Monitor. Helmore, K. (1988) (p.7&10, Jan. 11, 1988) 2p. KEYWORDS: USAID, credit, small businesses, business
conditions 3.E.1.A.CC
3587 PUBLIC VS PRIVATE SUPERVISED CREDIT INSTITUTIONS FOR SMALL
FARMS. (CENTO Seminar on Increasing the Productive Capacity of Small Farms, Dec. 17-21, 1978, Lahore). Malik, M.H. (1978)* Islamabad, Pakistan: M.H. Malik, Agricultural Development Bank of Pakistan. 19p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan, credit, private sector, development strategies, infrastructure, marketing
PK.3.E.1.A.CC
36




3588 PUBLIC VS. PRIVATE SUPERVISED CREDIT INSTITUTIONS FOR SMALL
FARMS. (Presented at CENTO Seminar held at American Centre, Lahore, Pakistan, Dec. 17-21, 1978). Sindhu, C.R.A. (1978) Lahore, Pakistan: National Bank of Pakistan, Supervised Rural Credit Programme. 27p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan, credit, bank loans, national programs and projects, modernization,
loans PK.3.E.1.A.CC
3.E.1.B OUTPUT
3589 ANALYSIS OF PROGRESS AND ACHIEVEMENTS IN REGIONAL DEHULLING
PROJECTS. IN: Utilization of Sorghum and Millets, M.I. Gomez, ed.
Schmidt, O.G. (1992) Patancheru, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). (p.9-18) 10p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Southern Africa, SADCC, dehulling, sorghum, pearl millet, food security, processing, technology development, arid regions, IDRC, national programs and projects,
household consumption, postharvest technology ++
3590 ESTIMATION OF SUPPLY ELASTICITIES OF SEMI-ARID TROPICAL
CROPS: METHODOLOGY AND SOME RESULTS. (Paper presented at the 7th Indian Econometric Conference at Trivendrum, Dec. 19-21, 1977).
Bapna, S.L. (1977) Hyderabad, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). 18p.
KEYWORDS: ICRISAT, semiarid tropics, farmers' attitudes, crop
management, models, evaluation of research 3.E.1.B
3591 ESTUDIO DE LOS PROCESOS DE MERCADO Y COMERCIALIZACION DEL
FREJOL EN LA ZONA DE PIMAMPIRO, ECUADOR. Barsky, O. (1983) s.l.: O. Barsky, Facultad Latinomericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLASCO) and Centro de Planificaci6n y Estudios Sociales (CEPLAES). 40p.
KEYWORDS: South America, Latin America, Ecuador, marketing,
commercialization, case studies EC.3.E.l.B
3592 SMALL FLOCK PROSPERITY. IN: Sheep! Magazine. Simmons, P.
(1989) (p.30-31, June 1989; Also available from Heifer Project International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel: 501-376-6836; request no.5103) 2p. KEYWORDS: sheep, wool, small businesses, animal products, cottage industries, marketing, income
3.E.1.B
3.E.l.B.AA MARKETING
3593 COMERCIALIZACION DE LEGUMINOSAS EN EL VALLE DEL RIO
PORTOVIEJO. Chavez, N. [1987?]* s.l.: N. Chavez. 21p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Mexico, legumes,
commercialization, marketing systems, prices, food consumption
MX3E.3.B7AA
37




3594 ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF FARM INCOME INSTABILITY IN KENYA: THE
CASE OF SELECTED MARKETED COMMODITIES. Arap Rop, I.K. (1986) Stillwater, Okla.: Oklahoma State Univ., Dept. of Agricultural Economics. (International Development Series, No.86-4, Dec. 1986) 27p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, marketing systems, commodities, economic growth, economic analysis, cash crops,
income, policy, commercial farming KE.3.E.1.B.AA
3595 PRODUCE MARKETING CO-OPERATIVES IN WEST AFRICA. Muntjewerff,
C.A. (1982) Leiden, Netherlands: African Studies Centre (ASC).
(Working Papers no.7/1982) 15p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, cooperatives, coffee, cocoa,
price policy, marketing AFRICA.3.E.1.B.AA
3596 SOURCES OF FARM INCOME INSTABILITY IN KENYA: THE CASE OF
SELECTED MARKETED COMMODITIES. Arap Rop, I.K. (1986) Stillwater, Okla.: Oklahoma State Univ., Dept. of Agricultural Economics.
(International Development Series No.86-2, Dec. 1986) 45p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, cash crops, commodities,
income, policy, exports, market prices, commercial farming
KE.3.E.1.B.AA
3597 UNRAVELLING ZIMBABWE'S FOOD INSECURITY PARADOX. IN: Food
Policy. Jayne, T.S. (1991) (Vol.16 no.4 p.319-29, 1991) llp.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Southern Africa, Zimbabwe, marketing systems, food security, food marketing, food grains, income, socioeconomic
conditions HD9000.1/F65
3.E.1.B.BB POSTHARVEST STORAGE
3598 WET SEASON POST-HARVEST FOOD LOSSES. IN: ADAB News.
Greeley, M. (1981) (Vol.8 no.1 p.33-41, Jan.-Feb. 1981) 9p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Bangladesh, food losses, food storage,
seasonality, postharvest systems BD.3.E.1.B.BB
3.E.1.B.CC PROCESSING
3599 MILK DRIER. Nichols, P. [n.d.] Arlington, Va.: Volunteers
in Technical Assistance (VITA). (VITA Technical Bulletin) Also available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel:501-376-6836; request no.6510) 11p.
KEYWORDS: VITA, milk, dairy equipment, evaporators, processing,
handbooks 3.E.1.B.CC
3600 PROCESSING OF SORGHUM IN BOTSWANA FOR FOODS AND FEEDS:
PROBLEMS AND OPPORTUNITIES. IN: Utilizaion of Sorghum and Millets, M.I. Gomez, ed. Nicholson, N.F. (1992) Patancheru, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). (p.99-101) 3p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Southern
Africa, Botswana, sorghum, processing, food, feeds, constraints
++
38




3601 STATUS OF SORGHUM MILLING TECHNOLOGY AT RURAL INDUSTRIES
INNOVATION CENTRE, BOTSWANA. IN: Utilization of Sorghum and Millets, M.I. Gomez, ed. Dinat, S. (1992) Patancheru, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). (p.33-39) 7p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Southern Africa, Botswana, sorghum, milling, marketing strategies, small businesses,
technology development, rural development ++
3602 TRADITIONAL TECHNOLOGIES IN SMALL GRAIN PROCESSING. IN:
Utilization of Sorghum and Millets, M.I. Gomez, ed. Mukuru, S.Z.
(1992) Patancheru, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics. (p.47-56) 10p. KEYWORDS: Africa, India, semiarid tropics, sorghum, millets, traditional technology, processing, milling, nutrition, food grains, appropriate technology
++
3603 WINNOWER. [n.d.] Arlington, Va.: Volunteers in Technical
Assistance (VITA) /Tool Foundation. (Reprint of TOOL Foundation publication; TOOL, Postbox 525, Eindhoven, Netherlands) 35p.
KEYWORDS: appropriate technology, postharvest technology,
handbooks, winnowing 3.E.I.B.CC
3.E.2 POLICIES AND STRUCTURAL REFORM PROGRAMS
3604 BREAKING THE CIRCLE OF POISON: THE INTEGRATED PEST
MANAGEMENT REVOLUTION IN NICARAGUA. Swezey, S.L. (1983) San
Francisco, Calif.: Institute for Food and Development Policy.
25p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Nicaragua, integrated pest management, environmental degradation, history,
political systems NI.3.E.2
3605 COMMONWEALTH REGIONAL (ASIA/PACIFIC) RURAL TECHNOLOGY
PROGRAMME. (Report on the first meeting of the Steering Committee, New Delhi, India, Nov. 15-18, 1978). (1979) London: Commonwealth Science Council (CSC) (CSC [78] RT-3) 20p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Oceania, rural development, appropriate technology, programs and
projects, technology transfers 3.E.2
3606 DIMENSIONS SOCIALES DE LA GESTION DEL L'ENVIRONNEMENT ET
PROBLEMATIQUE DU CHANGEMENT CLIMATIQUE A L'ECHELLE DU GLOBE.
(Paper presented at the International Conference on the Impact of Climatic Variation on Sustainable Development of Semi-arid Regions ICID). Dia, I. [1992?]* Dakar, Senegal: I. Dia, Institut Sen~galais de Recherches Agricoles. llp. KEYWORDS: climatic factors, ICSU, environmental degradation, ecology, resource
management, policy 3.E.2
3607 DROUGHT AND FAMINE RELATIONSHIPS IN SUDAN: POLICY
'I'llLICATIONS Teklu T (1991) Washington D.C. ..-,n ,e .. ..1
Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). (Research Report 08) 135p; KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Sudan, famine, drought, surveys, marketing systems, national programs and projects ++
39




3608 EVALUATING THE FIRST INTEGRATED RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT IN
GAMBIA. (From the African Association for Public Administration and Management, 16th Inter-African Public Administration and Management Seminar, Banjul, Gambia, Nov. 28-Dec.3, 1977). Lowe, G.
(1977) Gambia: G. Lowe, Rural Development Project. 13p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Gambia, rural development, case
studies, project evaluation, project design GM.3.E.2
3609 EVOLUTION OF THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC APPROACH TO FOREST OCCUPANCY
(KAINGIN) MANAGEMENT IN THE PHILIPPINES. IN: Philippine
Geographical Journal. Scott, G.A.J. (1979) (Vol.23 no.2
p.58-73, April/June 1979) 15p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Philippines, forestry, traditional technology, national programs
and projects, socioeconomic conditions PH.3.E.2
3610 FRESHWATER FISHING IN MEXICO: SOME CONSEQUENCES OF
LARGE-SCALE DRAINAGE PROBLEMS. IN: Human Ecology. Rice, R.A.
(1984) (Vol.12 no.3 p.315-18) 3p. KEYWORDS: Latin America,
Mexico, fish, food consumption, national programs and projects,
fisheries GF1/.84
3611 GEOGRAPHER'S PERSPECTIVE ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT.; Dickinson,
J.C. [1978?] Gainesville, Fla.: J.C. Dickinson. 14p.
KEYWORDS: development strategies, socioeconomic conditions.,
environmental degradation, economics, conservation 3.E.2
3612 GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND INSTITUTIONS AFFECTING RAINFED
AGRICULTURE. Conly, S. (1979)* Niamey, Niger: United States Agency for International Development (USAID). (Part II; see S.
Conly, NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES IN NIGER for Part I) 117p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Niger, national programs and projects, rain-fed farming, land tenure, soil
conservation, human resources, marketing, cash crops, policy
NE.3.E.2
3613 INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURE FAMILY FARMING SYSTEMS POLICY
STATEMENT. (1985) Columbia, Mo.: Univ. of Missouri, College of Agriculture, International Agriculture Committee on Family Farming Systems. 4p. KEYWORDS: universities, family farms, planning of research, project design, households, women in development, policy,
children 3.E.2
3614 MASAGANA 99. (Paper presented at the workshop on Technology
Generation, Verification and Dissemination in Asia, Iloilo City, Philippines, April 25-28, 1978). Carangal, V.R. .[1978?]* Manila, Philippines: V.R. Carangal, International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). 32p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Philippines,
rice, high yielding varieties, self sufficiency, national oroqrvs and projects, development strategies, project evaluation, project
design PH.3.E.2
40




3615 MEXICO'S PROSPECTS FOR RESUMING A GROWTH PATH U7DER
INSTITUTIONAL REFORM. (Working paper for the research panel on "Alternative Development Strategies for Mexico in the Next Sexenio"). Street, J.H. (1986) New Brunswick, N.J.: J.H.
Street, Rutgers Univ. 9p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Mexico,
IMF, financial planning, policy, economic development, political
systems MX.3.E.2
3616 MODERNIZATION AND INSTITUTIONAL CHANGE IN MARKET ECONOMIES:
THE DYNAMICS OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH ORGANIZATION IN LATIN AMERICA. Trigo, E.J. (1980) San Jose, Costa Rica: Instituto Interamericano de Ciendias Agricolas. (PROTAAL Document no.39, Feb. 1980) 24p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, policy, national programs and projects, private sector, public sector, research institutes, socioeconomic change, technology development LATIN
AMERICA.3.E.2
3617 NEW-LANDS SETTLEMENT AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT: THE CASE OF
SAN JULIAN, BOLIVIA. Painter, M. (1984) Worchester,
Mass./Binghampton, N.Y.: Clark Univ./Institute for Development Anthropology (IDA) (Cooperative Agreement on Settlements and Natural Resource Systems Analysis) 56p. KEYWORDS: South America, Latin America, Bolivia, settlement, resettlement, subtropics,
lowland areas, development strategies, socioeconomic conditions
BO.3.E.2
3618 NUTRITION RELATED POLICIES AND PROGRAMS: PAST PERFORMANCES
AND RESEARCH NEEDS. Kennedy, E.T. (1983) Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) (USAID Doc.
No. PA-AAM-536) 104p. KEYWORDS: rural development, nutrition, food prices, food supply, socioeconomic conditions, development
agencies, policy, programs and projects, research objectives
3. E.2
3619 ON ORGANISING EQUITY: ARE SOLUTIONS REALLY THE PROBLEM? IN:
Journal of Social & Economic Studies. Gupta, A.K. (1985) (Vol.2 no.4 p.295-312, Oct.-Dec. 1985) 18p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, India, development administration, socioeconomic analysis, public
sector, private sector, resource allocation IN.3.E.2
3620 ON THE ANALYSIS .OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE IN DEVELOPMENT
PROJECT PLANNING. (Paper prepared as background material for tha AID workshop on the Evaluation of Management in African Agricultural Development Projects). Boyle, W.P. (1984)
Binghampton, N.Y.: Institute for Development Anthropology. 27p.
KEYWORDS: USAID, Africa, Mauritania, Senegal, Morocco, development planning, value systems, project evaluation, sociological analysis,
social institutions. project implementation, organization
ICA. 3. E. 2
41




3621 PARTICIPATION IN PRACTICE. IN:- Rural Development. (Special
section adopted from Participation in Practice: Lessons from the
FAO People's Participation Programme (FAO- 1990)). (1991?]
(No.12, Also available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box .808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel 501-376-6836; request no.6508) 8p. KEYWORDS: FAO, development strategies, rural development, farmer participation, poverty, income, participatory strategies, technology transfers, community development, credit, savings, cost
benefit analysis 3.E.2
3622 REPORT OF THE EXTERNAL EVALUATION OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH
DEVELOPMENT PROJECT II. (Draft for Discussion only). (1984) Los Bahos, Philippines: Philippine Council for Agriculture and Resources Research and Development (PCARRD). 48p. KEYWORDS:
Asia, Southeast Asia, Philippines, national programs and projects, institutional resources, evaluation, economics, research objectives
PH.3.E.2
3623 REPORT ON THE WORKSHOP ON NEW LANDS SETTLEMENT AND AREA
DEVELOPMENT. Brokensha, D.W. (1982) Worcester,
Mass./Binghampton, N.Y.: Clark Univ./Institute for Development Anthropology (IDA). (Cooperative Agreement on Human Settlement and Natural Resource Systems Analysis; AID Contract No.
DAN-1135-A-00-1078-00) 13p. KEYWORDS: development agencies,
settlement, land use, national programs and projects 3.E.2
3624 TREE PRODUCTS IN AGROECOSYSTEMS: ECONOMIC AND POLICY ISSUES.
(Earlier version of paper presented at a workshop on forest policy convened by the Agriculture and Rural Development Dept. of the World Bank, Dec. 1990). Arnold, J.E.M. (1991) London:
International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED),
Sustainable Agriculture Programme. (Gatekeeper Series no.SA28)
19p. KEYWORDS: IIED, forest products, forestry, households, communal tenure, nutrition, income, social forestry, economic
policy, agroforestry 3.E.2
3.F TECHNOLOGICAL AND MECHANICAL FACTORS
3625 BROILER TECHNOLOGY SHIFTS THIRD WORLD TRADE IN POULTRY AND
GRAIN. III: World Agriculture: Situation and Outlook Report.
Vocke, G. (1988) Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.
(WAS-52 p.21-28, Oct. 1988) 9p. KEYWORDS: poultry, feed grains, agricultural commercialization, trade, exports, chickens, poultry
feeding 3.F
3626 COSECHADORA NO DESTRUCTIVA DE PEQUENA ESCALA PARASEMILLA DE
GRAMINEAS TROPICALES. (Based on the primary author's graduate thesis). Romero, I. (1982) Santa Cruz, Bolivia: Centro de investigacion Agricola Tropical (CIAT)/14 isin Britanica Agricultura Tropical. (Informe no.15) 12p. KEYWORDS: tropics,
grasses, harvesters, appropriate technology 3.F
42




3627 INTERNATIONAL TRANSFER AND ACQUISITION OF TECHNOLOGY: FINAL
REPORT. (Prepared for Bureau for Program and Policy Coordination, Agency for International Development). Black, R.P. (1983) Denver, Colo.: Univ. of Denver, Denver Research Institute. 43p.
KEYWORDS: USAID, technology transfers, diffusion of information, development strategies, international cooperation, management,
institutional resources, appropriate technology 3.F
3628 PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS IN THE USE OF BATTERIES IN THE ULV
HAND SPRAYERS. Beeden, P. [1975?]* s.l.: P. Beeden. 8p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Nigeria, implements, pest control,
pesticide application, technology analysis 3.F
3629 SMALLHOLDER MECHANISATION: MAN, ANIMAL OR ENGINE? IN:
Outlook on Agriculture. Morris, J. (1983) (Vol.12 no.1 p.28-33, 1983) 6p. KEYWORDS: mechanization, appropriate technology,
animal power, technology analysis, economic analysis 3.F
3630 VALIDACION DE TECNOLOGIA EN CONTROL DE MALEZAS PARA PEQUEROS
AGRICULTORES: ANALISES DE EFICIENCIA ECONOMICA RELATIVA. Escobar, G. (1983)* Turrialba, Costa Rica: G. Escobar, Centro Agron6mico Tropical de Investigaci6n y Ensenanza (CATIE), Dept. de Producci6n Vegetal. 12p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, CATIE,
technology analysis, weed control, economic analysis 3.F
3.F.1 MECHANIZATION
3631 PROCEEDINGS OF THE REGIONAL SEMINAR ON: APPROPRIATE
MECHANIZATION FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO SMALL FARMING IN THE ASEAN COUNTRIES, JAKARTA, INDONESIA, JANUARY 26-31, 1981. (1981) Jakarta, Indonesia: Republik of Indonesia, Dept. of Education and Culture, Direktorat Jendral of Higher Education.
(p.31-92, 207-10, 215-24, 247-52, 256-64, 269-72) 91p. KEYWORDS:
Asia, appropriate technology, mechanization, rural development
ASIA.3.F.1
3632 WHOLE CROP HARVESTER FOR THE DEVELOPING WORLD. IN:
Developing World Agriculture 1991. Metianu, A.A. (1991) London: Grosvenor Press International Ltd. (p.233-242) 10p. KEYWORDS:
Asia, Middle East, mechanization, farm machinery, cereals, wheat, harvesters, processing, threshing, winnowing, appropriate
technology, straw S482/.D48/1991
3.F.2 ENERGY
3633 CARIBBEAN ALTERNATIVE ENERGY PROGRAMME. (Report on the Rural
Biogas Generation Project Formulation Meeting, Dec. 11-13, 1978, Kingston, Jamaica). (1979) London: Commonwealth Scince Council.
CSC [78] AER-4) 27p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Caribbean,
energy, alternative technology, biogas LATIN AMERICA.3.F.2
43




3634 COMPORTAMENTO DE ALGUNAS ESPECIES PARA LENA EN GUATEMALA.
Martinez H., H.A. (1985) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro
Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensefianza (CATIE), Dept. de Recursos Naturales Renovables.. 20p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Guatemala, CATIE, fuelwood, forestry, tree
cropping, energy GT.3.F.2
3635 COW DUNG "OPLA" AS AN ALTERNATIVE CHEAP SOURCE OF FUEL IN
PAKISTAN. Lullo, R.J. [n.d.]* Peshawar, Pakistan: R.J. Lullo.
(Also available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel.:501-376-6836; request no.6602) 3p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan, manures, fuels, waste
utilization 3.F.2
3636 DIAGNOSTICO SOCIO-ECON6MICO SOBRE EL CONSUMO Y PRODUCCI6N DE
LERA EN FINCAS PEQUERAS DE LA PENINSULA DE AZUERO, PANAMA. Jones, J.R. (1982) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensefianza (CATIE). (Serie Tecnica Informe Tecnico no.32; USAID Doc. No. PN-AAM-107) 83p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Panama, CATIE, fuelwood, fuels, demographics,
forestry, interviews, energy PA.3.F.2
3637 MICRO-HYDROPOWER SOURCEBOOK: A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO DESIGN AND
IMPLEMENTATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. Inversin, A.R. (1986) Washington, D.C.: NRECA -International Foundation. 275p.
KEYWORDS: hydroelectric schemes, appropriate technology,
electricity, energy, rural development TK1081/.I66/1986
3638 ROOTFUEL: AN ALTERNATIVE TO SCARCE WOODFUEL FOR RAPID
DEPLOYMENT IN ARIDLANDS OF THE WORLD. Schultz, E.B. [n.d.]
(Also available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel.: 501-376-6836; request no.5610) 4p.
KEYWORDS: arid regions, fuelwood, deforestation, desertification,
Mexico, Senegal, Niger, Africa, Latin America 3.F.2
3639 SMALL FARM ENERGY PRIMER: AN ENERGY SAVING TOOL TO ASSIST
SMALL FARMERS IN LOWERING THE HIGH COSTS OF ENERGY INPUTS ON THEIR FARM. (Final Report Summary). (1980) Walthill, Neb.: Center for Rural Affairs, Small Farm Energy Project. (July, 1980) 57p.
KEYWORDS: US, small farms, inputs, energy, appropriate technology, solar energy, wind power, grain drying, food preservation,
fuelwood, methane US.3.F.2
3.F.3 TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER
3640 ADOPTION, SPREAD, AND PRODUCTION IMPACT OF MODERN RICE
VARIETIES IN ASIA. Herdt, R.W. (1983) Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). 54p.
KEYWORDS: IRRI, Asia, rice, innovation adoption, varieties, high
yielding varieties, technology transfers ASIA.3.F.3
44




3641 BIOLOGICAL SIMULATION MODELS IN FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH.
Dent, J.B. [1989?]* Edinburgh, Scotland: J.B. Dent, Edinburgh School of Agriculture, Division of Agricultural Resource Management. 14p. KEYWORDS: field tests, technology transfers,
computers, models, households, appropriate technology 3.F.3
3642 DEFINICION CONCEPTUAL Y OPERATIVA DE LA DIRECCION DE
TRANSFERENCIA DE TECNOLOGIA. (Draft). Andrade Martinez, E.
(1983)* Panama City, Panama: E. Andrade Martinez. 26p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Panama, technology transfers, national programs and projects, farming systems theory
PA.3.F.3
3643 NEW MODEL FOR TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER IN GUATEMALA: CLOSING THE
GAP BETWEEN RESEARCH AND EXTENSION. Ortiz, R. (1991) The Hague: International Service for National Agricultural Research (ISNAR).
(OFCOR Discussion Paper no.2) 43p. KEYWORDS: ISNAR, Latin America, Central America, Guatemala, technology transfers, national programs and projects, farmer participation, extension, innovation
adoption ++
3644 PROGRAM FOR THE TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY APPROPRIATE TO THE
RURAL ENVIRONMENT PTTA. [n.d.]* s.l.: s.n. 36p. KEYWORDS:
appropriate technology, rural development, programs and projects,
technology transfers, project design 3.F.3
3645 PROGRAMA DE TRANSFERENCIA DE TECNOLOGIA, DEL INSTITUTO DE
INVESTIGACI6N AGROPECUARIA DE PANAMA: CLIENTELA A ATENDER.
Andrade Martinez, E. (1984)* Panama City, Panama: E. Andrade Martinez. 15p. KEYWORDS: Panama, Central America, Latin
America, IDIAP, technology transfers, extension, national programs
and projects, farming systems theory PA.3.F.3
3646 PROTECTED HORTICULTURAL SYSTEMS IN THE BOLIVIAN ANDES: A
CASE STUDY OF NGOS AND INAPPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY. Kohl, B. (1991) London: Overseas Development Institute (ODI), Agricultural Administration Unit. (Agricultural Administration (Research and Extension) Network Paper 29, Dec. 1991) 30p. KEYWORDS: ODI, South America, Latin America, Bolivia, Andean region, horticulture, technology development, NGOs, development agencies, development policy, farmers' attitudes, farmer participation, technology
transfers BO.3.F.3
3647 RAISED FIELDS FOR LOWLAND FARMING. IN: ILEIA Newsletter.
Reijntes, C. (1991) (Vol.7 no.4 p.6-8, Dec. 1991) 3p.
KEYWORDS: tropics. salinity, lowland areas, flooding, sorjans: ridging, raised fields, prehistoric agriculture, traditional
farming development strategies S494.5/.S86/44
45




3648 RAPID APPRAISAL OF PRODUCER FODDER BANKS IN NIGERIA. IN:
ILCA Newsletter. von Kaufmann, R. (1987) (Vol.6 no.3 p.6, July 1987) ip. KEYWORDS: ILCA, Africa, West Africa, Nigeria, fodder,
extension, innovation adoption SF1/.122
3649 SOME ASPECTS OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER ON FARMING SYSTEMS. IN:
International Journal for Development Technology. Warboys, I.B.
(1983) (Vol.1 p.59-69, 1983) llp. KEYWORDS: technology transfers, appropriate technology, policy, development theory,
mechanization, problem identification T49.5/.I563
3650 TRANSFERENCIA DE TECNOLOGIA EN EL SECTOR AGROPECUARIO.
Sanchez Diez, R. (1983) Panama City, Panama: Instituto de Investigaci6n Agropecuaria de Panama (IDIAP). 28p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Panama, IDIAP, national programs and projects, technology transfers, appropriate technology,
extension, agricultural education PA.3.F.3
3.F.4 APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
3651 AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH DESIGN, MANAGEMENT, AND ANALYSIS
SOFTWARE PROGRAM FOR MICROCOMPUTER USE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.
Everson, E.H. (1983)* E. Lansing, Mich.: E.H. Everson, Michigan State Univ., Dept.of Crop and Soil Sciences. 14p. KEYWORDS: computers, data interpretation, experimental design, MSTAT, statistical analysis, economic analysis, training, appropriatetechnology 3.F.4
3652 ANIMAL DRIVEN CHAIN PUMP. Mast, A.D. (1979) Arlington,
Va.: Volunteers in Technical Assistance (VITA) 32p. KEYWORDS: appropriate technology, water transport, pumps, animal power,
handbooks 3.F.4
3653 ANIMAL-DRAWN WHEELED TOOL CARRIER. (1981) Andhra Pradesh,
India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid tropics (ICRISAT) (Information Bulletin no.8) 8p. KEYWORDS:
ICRISAT, animal traction, implements, farm equipment 3.F.4
3654 CASSAVA GRINDER. Eaves, S.W. [n.d.] London: Intermediate
Technology Publications Ltd. (Agricultural Equipment and Tools for Farmers Designed for Local Construction, No.27) llp. KEYWORDS: cassava, appropriate technology, processing, postharvest
technology, handbooks, farm equipment 3.F.4
3655 DERIVING FUEL FROM FARM PRODUCE. IN: Food & Farm. Rice, B.
(1991) (Vol.1 no.1 p.11-12, Jan.-March 1991) 2p. KEYWORDS: Europe, fuels, alternative technology, resource management,
rapeseed, oilseeds S3/.F315
46




3656 DYNAPOD: A PEDAL POWER UNIT. Weir, A. (1980) Arlington,
Va.: Volunteers in Technical Assistance (VITA) 54p. KEYWORDS: VITA, handbooks, postharvest technology, appropriate technology,
energy, human power 3.F.4
3657 ECOFARMING: A SYNTHESIS OF OLD AND NEW. IN: ILEIA
Newsletter. Egger, K. (1990) (Vol.6 no.2 p.3-5, June 1990; Also available from Heifer Project International. P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel: 501-376-6836; request no.5502) 3p.
KEYWORDS: tropics, ecology, agroecology, ecosystems, indigenous knowledge systems, traditional farming, traditional technology, modernization, technology transfers, agroforestry, integrated
systems, green manures, manures S494.5/.S86/I44
3658 ECONOMICALLY APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGIES FOR DEVELOPING
COUNTRIES: A SURVEY. (Paper distributed at the workshop on Science and Technology Priorities for International Development, sponsored by the Office of Science and Technology, USAID, U.S.
Dept. of State, Dec.17-19, 1971, Airlie House, Warrenton, Va.).
Jackson, S. (1972) Washington, D.C.: Overseas Development Council. 22p. KEYWORDS: appropriate technology, terminology,
constraints, economic evaluation 3.F.4
3659 EVALUATING TECHNICAL INNOVATIONS UNDER LOW-RESOURCE FARMER
CONDITIONS. IN: Experimental Agriculture. Flinn, J.C. (1980) (Vol.16 p.91-101, 1980) 11p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Nigeria, appropriate technology, technology analysis, on-farm
research, socioeconomic factors, maize, development theory
$3/.E9
3660 EVALUATION OF RESEARCH STRATEGIES FOR DEVELOPING APPROPRIATE
AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES. (Paper presented at the International Studies Association Meeting, Washington, D.C., Feb.
25, 1978). Dahlberg, K.A. (1978)* Kalamazoo, Mich.: K.A.
Dahlberg, Western Michigan Univ., Dept. of Political Science.
29p. KEYWORDS: research strategies, research development
objectives, appropriate technology, evaluation of research
3.F.4
3661 HAND-OPERATED BAR MILL FOR DECORTICATING SUNFLOWER SEED.
Beaumont, J.H. (1980) London: Tropical Products Institute.
(Rural Technology Guide No.9) 32p. KEYWORDS: postharvest technology, milling, processing, appropriate technology, sunflowers
++
3662 HAND-OPERATED DISC MILL FOR DECORTICATING SUNFLOWER SEED.
Beaumont, J.H. (1980) London: Tropical Products Institute.
(Rural Technology Guide No.10) 34p. YEYWORDS: postharvest technology, milling, appropriate technology, sunflowers, orocessino
++
47




3663 HAND-OPERATED WINNOWER. Beaumont, J.H. (1980) London:
Tropical Products Insititute. (Rural Technology Guide No.11) 28p.
KEYWORDS: postharvest technology, winnowing, appropriate
technology ++
3664 HANDPUMPS FOR VILLAGE WELLS. Spangler, C.D. (1975)
Arlington, Va.: Volunteers in Technical Assistance (VITA) 15p.
KEYWORDS: appropriate technology, pumps, water use, water
transport, handbooks, wells 3.F.4
3665 HARROWS: TRIANGULAR SPIKE-TOOTH, HIGH CLEARANCE PEG TOOTH,
FLEXIBLE PEG TOOTH, JAPANESE HARROW. [n.d.] London: Intermediate Technology Publications Ltd. (Agricultural Equipment and Tools for Farmers Designed for Local Construction) 5p. KEYWORDS:
appropriate technology, harrowing, farm equipment, handbooks
3.F.4
3666 HOW BIG IS THAT FIELD? IN: ILCA Newsletter. Lawrence, P.
(1991) (Vol.19 no.4 p.7-8, Oct. 1991; Also available from Heifer Project International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel: 501-376-6836; request no.6404) 2p. KEYWORDS: field sizes, computer software, handbooks, appropriate technology SF1/.122
3667 IMPROVED TECHNOLOGY FOR HIGHER FARM YIELDS. IN: Development
and Cooperative. Reeves, J. (1991) (No.1 p.29, 1991) lp.
KEYWORDS: Africa, ILCA, appropriate technology, animal traction,
implements, plowing HC60/.D455
3668 INDIGENOUS SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION IN AFRICA. Reij, C.
(1991) London: International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), Sustainable Agriculture Programme. (Gatekeeper Series no.SA27) 32p. KEYWORDS: Africa, soil conservation, water conservation, indigenous knowledge systems, traditional technology,
socioeconomic conditions AFRICA. 3.F.4
3669 LESS IS MORE: AGROECOLOGY AND PEASANT FARMING IN LATIN
AMERICA. IN: WEI Reports. Alturi, M. (1991) (no.29 p.17-20,
1991; Also available from Heifer Project International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel: 501-376-6836; request no.6308) 4p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Chile, peasant farming, appropriate
technology, self sufficiency, fertilizers, agroecology, training
LATIN AMERICA.3.F.4
3670 LOW INPUT TECHNOLOGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS.
IN: Policy for Agricultural Research. V.W. Ruttan and C.E. Pray, eds. Harwood R.R. (1987) Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.
(p.319-31) 13p. KEYWORDS: inputs, appropriate technology, national programs and projects, sustainable agriculture, technology application, terminology, integrated systems S540/.A2/P65/1937)
48




3671 MANUAL ON THE HYDRAULIC RAM FOR PUMPING WATER. Watt, S.B.
(1978) London: Intermediate Technology Publications Ltd. 40p.
KEYWORDS: IT, pumps, handbooks, water management, appropriate
technology 3.F.4
3672 NEW IMPLEMENTS FOR CROP PRODUCTION IN THE SEMI-ARID TROPICS.
Awadhwal, N.K. (1989) Patancheru, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT).
(Information Bulletin no.27, 1989) 16p. KEYWORDS: ICRISAT,
semiarid zones, tropics, implements, appropriate technology
3.F.4
3673 PLANTS, GENES AND PEOPLE: IMPROVING THE RELEVANCE OF PLANT
BREEDING. (Abbreviated version of a paper in Experimental
Agriculture, Vol.26 p.341-62, 1990). Haugerud, A. (1991) London: International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), Sustainable Agriculture Programme. (Gatekeeper Series no.SA30) 17p. KEYWORDS: IIED, plant breeding, Africa, IARCs, farmer participation, farmers' attitudes, improved varieties, indigenous knowledge systems, potatoes, maize, innovation adoption, technology transfers, sustainable agriculture, research policy AFRICA.3.F.4
3674 PLYWOOD WORKBOATS FOR SMALLSCALE FISHERIES. Visel, T.C.
(1982) Kingston, R.I.: Univ. of Rhode Island, International Center for Marine Resource Development. 46p. KEYWORDS:
fisheries, fishing, appropriate technology, boats, handbooks
3.F.4
3675 POOR MAN'S WISDOM TECHNOLOGY AND THE VERY POOR. Moyes, A.
(1979) Oxford, England: Oxfam. 40p. KEYWORDS: Oxfam,
appropriate technology, technology analysis, political attitudes,
technology transfers, indigenous knowledge systems 3.F.4
3676 RIGHT BALANCE. IN: African Farming. Mabbett, T. (1991)
(p.16, March/April 1991) ip. KEYWORDS: chickens, livestock
feeding, feed requirements, appropriate technology,- poultry
AFRICA.3.F.4
3677 SALAWEPUMP CONSTRUCTION MANUAL. (1975) Amsterdam: Tool
Foundation. 12p. KEYWORDS: appropriate technology, water use,
pumps, handbooks 3.F.4
3678 SWING PUMP. Blair Research Laboratory, [n.d.] Salisbury,
Zimbabwe: Blair Research Laboratory, Box 8105. 2p. KEYWORDS: pumps, water management, handbooks, appropriate technology 3.F.4
3679 TECHNOLOGY FOR GARDEN IRRIGATION. Lambert, R. [n.d.] s.l.:
s.n. (p.10-11; Also available from Heifer Project International, V.0. Box 303, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel. :501-376-636; reest no.6201) 2p. KEYWORDS: ODA, irrigation, pumps, water,
appropriate technology 3.F.4
49




3680 TECHNOLOGY TO BENEFIT THE POOR: A REVIEW OF ODA'S
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY PROGRAMME. Biggs, S.D. (1981) Norwich, England: Univ. of East Anglia, School of Development Studies.
(Manual/Report Series no.12, March 1985 (reprint)) 57p. KEYWORDS: ODA, appropriate technology, policy, programs and projects,
development agencies, organizational structures 3.F.4
3681 THRESHING TECHNIQUES IN BANGLADESH. IN: Postharvest
technologies; implications for food policy analysis. Greeley, M.
(1991) Washington, D.C.: World Bank. (p.21-43, 71-75) 28p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Bangladesh, case studies, appropriate technology, threshing, postharvest technology, socioeconomic
conditions, economic analysis HD9046/.B22/G74/1991
3682 TRADITIONAL BORANA MILK PROCESSING EFFICIENT USE OF SUBTLE
FACTORS NEEDS FURTHER RESEARCH. IN: ILCA Newsletter. Bekele, E.
(1987) (Vol.6 no.4 p.4-5, Oct. 1987) 2p. KEYWORDS: ILCA, Africa, East Africa, Ethiopia, pastoral systems, milk, processing, indigenous knowledge systems, dairy cattle, traditional technology
SF1/.122
3683 UNDERGROUND RABBITRY. [n.d.]* s.l.: s.n. (Also available
from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark.
72203; tel.:501-376-6836; request no.6601) 5p. KEYWORDS:
rabbits, animal husbandry, appropriate technology 3.F.4
3684 WEEDER MULCHER. Intermediate Technology, [n.d.] London:
Intermediate Technology Publications Ltd. 8p. KEYWORDS: IT,
farm equipment, tools, mulching, implements, handbooks 3.F.4
3. F. 5 RECOMMENDED TECHNOLOGY
3685 APPLICATION OF MICRO-COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY TO INTERNATIONAL
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT. IN: Agricultural Administration. Duff, B. (1984) (Vol.17 p.135-48, 1984) 8p.
KEYWORDS: IRRI, agricultural research, multidisciplinary research,
computers HDI401/.A36
3686 BIOTECHNOLOGY IN AGRICULTURE: IMPLICATIONS FOR
SUSTAINABILITY. (Symposium Proceedings). (1986)* Washington, D.C.: s.n. 61p. KEYWORDS: biotechnology, research philosophy, research development objectives, alternative farming, public
sector, small businesses, on-farm testing, technology analysis
3.F.5
3687 NOTES ON TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE, MODERN KNOWLEDGE A1ND RURAL
DEVELOPMENT. (IDS Workshop in the Use of Indigenous Technical Knowledge in Rural Development). Swift, J. [n.d.]* s.l.: .
S5. KEYWORDS: traditional farming, traditional
technology, indigenous knowledge systems, technological change,
technology transfers 3.F.5
50




3688 PERSPECTIVES ON ASSESSING THE IMPACTS OF IMPROVED
AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGIES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. IN: Australian
Journal of Agricultural Economics. Hardaker, J.B. (1984)
(Vol.28 no.2-3 p.87-108, Aug./Dec. 1984) 12p. KEYWORDS:
technology analysis, rural development, development theory,
technology transfers 3.F.5
3689 PREVENTION OF FOOD LOSSES PROGRAMME. (Report on the
Consultancy Mission on Rice Harvesting, Threshing, Drying and Cleaning Equipment, June 13-August 14, 1981). Ilangantileke, S.G.
(1982) Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 59p. KEYWORDS: FAO, Asia, Africa, rice, food security, harvesting, threshing, winnowing, drying, equipment, postharvest systems, alternative technology, recommended technology
3.F.5
4 HUMAN ELEMENT: ENDOGENOUS FACTORS (HOUSEHOLD)
3690 ECONOMICS OF DUG WELLS. van Nieuwkoop, M. (1990) Peshawar,
Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept.
of Planning & Development. (PATA Pub. 47) 58p. KEYWORDS: Pakistan, Asia, South Asia, irrigation, wells, cropping systems, yields, yield factors, models, income, PATA Groundwater Irrigation
Project PK.4
3691 ENTERPRISE ANALYSIS FOR SUSTAINABLE FARMING: CASE STUDIES AT
HOUSEHOLD AND COMMUNITY LEVELS. (Paper submitted for presentation at the 11th Annual FSR/E Symposium, Michigan State Univ., E.
Lansing, Mich., Oct. 5-10, 1991). Das, C.S. [1991?]*
Narendrapur, India: C.S. Das, Ramakrishna Mission Lokasiksha Parishad. 14p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, India, on-farm
research, farmer participation, inputs, yields, rain-fed farming, rice, households, income, vegetables, women, mixed farming,
livestock, fish, poultry, goats IN.4
3692 ESTRATEGIAS DE REPRODUCCION DE LA ECONOMIA CAMPESINA EN
IMBABURA. Uquillas, J. (1985) Ithaca, N.Y./Quito, Ecuador: Cornell Univ./Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP) (Proyecto INIAP-Cornell Working Paper 85.SE.5,
AID/DSAN/XII 6-0261) 30p. KEYWORDS: South America, Latin America, Ecuador, case studies, socioeconomic analysis, production
strategies EC.4
51




3693 FARM SYSTEM AND HOUSEHOLD ECONOMY AS FRAMEWORKS FOR
PRIORITISING AND APPRAISING TECHNICAL RESEARCH: A CRITICAL
APPRAISAL OF CURRENT APPROACHES. IN: Rural Households in Emerging Societies: Technology and Change in Sub-Saharan Africa. Hunt, D.
(1991) New York: Berg Publishers Limited. (p.49-76, 1991) 28p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, rural households, case studies, rural development, development theory, households, economic analysis,
models, appropriate technology, non-farm employment
HN780/.Z9/C6722/1991
3694 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND ANTHROPOLOGY: A NOTE ON THE
CHAYANOV PRODUCTION FUNCTION. Baber, W.L. [n.d.]* W. Lafayette, Ind.: W.L. Baber, Purdue Univ., Department of Sociology and Anthropology. 17p. KEYWORDS: anthropology, economic
development, social change, social analysis, analytical methods
4
3695 GROWTH CYCLE, INCOME STREAM AND DECISION-MAKING: A CASE
STUDY OF YORUBA SMALLHOLDERS. IN: Nigerian Journal of Economic and Social Studies. Zuckerman, P.S. (1978) (Vol.20 p.273-93, 1978) llp. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Nigeria, development programs, farmers' attitudes, resource control, resource use, age
HB1/.N5
3696 HERRAMIENTA DE ANALISES DE ASPECTOS ECNOMICOS: EL CASO DEL
MODELO SECTORIAL. IN: Perspectivas de la Investigaci6n Agropecuaria para el Altiplano. Luis Argtelles and Riben Dari6 Estrada, eds. Ccama, F. (1991) Lima, Peru; Proyecto de Investigaci6n en Sistemas Agropecuarios Andinos (PISA). (p.67-86) 19p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Peru, Andean region, Altiplano, economic analysis, mathematical models, linear
programming, models, yields ++
3697 HOUSEHOLD AND RELATIONS OF PRODUCTION IN SOUTHERN PERU. IN:
Comparative Studies in Society and History. Collins, J.L. (1986)
(Vol.28 no.4 p.651-71, Oct. 1986) 20p. KEYWORDS: Latin America,
South America, Peru, households, demographics, production,
peasantry, resource allocation Hl/.C73
3698 IMPORTANCIA DEL CACAO EN LA PRODUCCION INGRESO Y USO DE
RECURSOS EN FINCAS DE LA REGION BRUNCA DE COSTA RICA. Jimenez V., G. (1982) Turrialba, Costa Rica: G. Jimenez V., Centro Aqronomico Tropical de Investigaci6n y Ensefianza (CATIE), Dept. de Produccion Vegetal. 21p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central
America, Costa Rica, cocoa, income, economic resources, crop
production, inputs CR.4
52




3699 OPPORTUNITIES FOR ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF COMPONENT TECHNOLOGY
AT FIELD SITES. Flinn, J.C. [1980?]* Los Bahos, Laguna, Philippines: J.C. Flinn., International Rice Research Institute.
(p.69-96) 27p. KEYWORDS: economic analysis, yields, income,
budget analysis, project appraisal 4
3700 PAYSANS DU NORD-CAMEROUN FACE AU RISQUE CLIMATIQUE. (Paper
prepared for the International Conference on the Impact of Climatic Variation on Sustainable Development of Semi-arid Regions ICID, Forteleza, Brasil, Jan. 27-Feb. 1992). Bikoi, A. [1992?]*
Yaounde, Cameroun: A. Bikoi, Mesires/ORSTOM (Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer). 8p. KEYWORDS: Africa; West Africa, Cameroon, rain-fed farming, erosion, climatic
factors, risk, mountains, plains, indigenous knowledge systems
CM.4
3701 PRODUCCION Y PRODUCTIVIDAD DE LOS RECURSOS ASIGNADOS A GRANOS
BASICOS EN FINCAS PEQUERAS DE MATA GALPA, NICARAGUA. Treminio Ch., R. (1981)* Turrialba, Costa Rica: R. Treminio Ch., Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensehanza (CATIE). 16p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Nicaragua, CATIE, models, food grains, food production, cost benefit analysis, resource allocation, labor requirements, pesticides, fertilizers
NI.4
3702 REMOVING CONSTRAINTS TO SMALL FARM PRODUCTION: THE CAQUEZA
PROJECT. (Version of a paper presented at the annual meeting of Canadian Agricultural Economics Society, Brandon, Manitoba, June 22-25, 1975). Zandstra, H.G. (1976) Ottawa, Canada:
International Development Research Center (IDRC). 32p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Colombia, innovation
adoption, income, rural development, marketing, credit, risk
HD1885/.C32/Z36
4.A GOALS AND RISKS
3703 CLIMA A LA COMERCIALIZACI6N: UN RIESGO PUEDE OCULTAR OTRO:
EJEMPLOS SOBRE EL ALTIPLANO PERUANO. IN: Agricultura y Sociedad.
Morlon, P. (1987) (No.45 p.133-82, Oct./Dec. 1987) 50p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Peru, Altiplano, commercialization, climatic factors, risk, temperature, frost protection, traditional farming, resource allocation, food security
PE.4.A
3 704 STRATEGIES TO PROMOTE LIVESTOCK INSURANCE INDIA'S
EXPERIENCE. IN: Asian Livestock. (1991) (p.78-81, July 1991)
4p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, India, Nepal. insurance,
livestock, program implementation ASIA.4.A
53




3705 RAPPORT SUR LES CARACTERISTIQUES DE RISQUE DES TECHNOLOGIES
MIL-NIEBE TESTEES EN MILIEU REEL A MAIGUERO ET RIGIAL OBANDAWAKI.
Lowenberg-DeBoer, J. (1992) Niamey, Niger: Institut National de Recherches Agronomiques du Niger, Departement de Recherches en Economie Rurale. (Programme de Recherche sur le Systemes de Production Agricole, Doc. no.27F) 33p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Niger, millets, cowpeas, risk, technology analysis, on-farm
trials NE.4.A
4.B ECONOMIC INPUTS
3706 CONTRAINTES SOCIO-ECONOMIQUES AU NIVEAU DE L'EXPLOITATION
' POUR L'INTENSIFICATION DE LA CULTURE DE NIEBE AU NIGER. Abdoulaye,
T. (1991) Niamey, Niger: Ministere de l'Agriculture et de l'Elevage, Institut National de Recherches Agronomiques de Niger, Departement de Recherches en Economie Rurale. (Programme de
Recherches sur les Systemes de Production Agricole, Doc. no. 24F) 66p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sahel, West Africa, Niger, cowpeas, family labor, soil fertility, capital, socioeconomic constraints, millets,
intercropping, improved varieties, crop rotations NE.4.B
3707 COST OF PRODUCING PALAY IN LAGUNA (WET SEASON, 1975-76). IN:
Cost of Producing Palay. Abarientos, E.P. (1977) Los Bahos, Laguna, Philippines: Univ. of the Philippines, Dept. of
Agricultural Economics. (Series No.9, Feb. 1977) 50p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Philippines, palay, economic analysis,
yields, fertilizers, cost benefit analysis PH.4.B
3708 INCORPORATING DISTANCE CONSTRAINTS IN THE ANALYSIS OF PEASANT
FARMING SYSTEMS. McCall, M.K. (1984) Enschede, The Netherlands: Twente Univ. of Technology, Technology and Development Group.
(Working Paper no.9) 37p. KEYWORDS: Africa, village-level studies, labor, fuelwood, animal husbandry, socioeconomic conditions, data collection, decision making, women, distance
travelled, constraints, time allocation AFRICA.4.B
3709 LABOR AND LAND USE ON MIXED FARMS IN THE PASTORAL ZONE OF
NIGER. Eddy, E.D. (1979) Ann Arbor, Mich.: Univ. of Michigan, Center for Research on Economic Development (CRED) for U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). 493p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Niger, pastoral systems, land use, labor, mixed farming, markets, livestock management, cattle, goals, households, food consumption, millets, sorghum HD9427/.A42/L781/1979/vol.3
4.B.1 LAND
3710 DISTRIBUTIONS OF LAND HOLDINGS FROM THE NATIONAL SAMPLE
SLTRVEY. IN: Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics. Sawant, S.D. (1990) (Vol.45 no.2 p.134-140, April-June 1990) 7p.
KEYWORDS: India, Asia, South Asia, surveys, land tenure, rural
organization, land use HD101/.I533
54




3711 LAND OPERATIONSHIP AND TENANCY TN MADHYA PRADESH. IN:
Agricultural Situation in India. Jain, H.C. (1990) (Vol.45 no.7 p.457-60, Oct. 1990) 4p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, India, land
tenure, land reform, tenancy HD207/.A75
4.B.2 LABOR MANAGEMENT
3712 LABOUR REQUIREMENTS SURVEY FOR VARIOUS CROPS IN NORTHERN
BUNER. Khan, N. (1991) Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept. of Planning & Development.
(PATA Pub. 70) 73p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan, labor requirements, labor allocation, surveys, socioeconomic conditions, cash crops, division of labor, PATA Groundwater Irrigation Project
PK.4.B.2
4.C ECONOMIC OUTPUT
3713 FORESTS, TREES AND HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY. IN: Developing
World Agriculture, 1991. Falconer, J. (1991) London: Grosvenor Press International Ltd. (p.194-206) 13p. KEYWORDS: food security, forest products, agroforestry, fodder, fuelwood, tree
crops, food supply, households, income, employment
S482/.D48/1991
3714 PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN IN HOMESTEAD KAKROL PRODUCTION WITH
ITS ECONOMIC VIABILITY IN BANGLADESH. (Paper submitted for
presentation at the l1th Annual FSR/E Symposium, Michigan State Univ., E. Lansing, Mich., Oct. 5-10, 1991). Ullah, M.M. [1991?]* Joydebpur, Bangladesh: M.M. Ullah, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), On-Farm Research Division. 15p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Bangladesh, women, households, cost
benefit analysis, demographics, kakrol BD.4.C
4.C.1 INCOME
3715 ALGUNAS CONSIDERACIONES METODOLOGICAS EN EL ESTUDIO DE
DESIGUALDADES. Francis, J.D. (1984) Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell Univ., Dept. of Rural Sociology. (Bean/Cowpea CRSP Working Paper 84.56, July 1984) 16p. KEYWORDS: US, poverty, research methodology, income, institutions, socioeconomic analysis 4.C.1
3716 LOW-INCOME GROUPS IN BRAZILIAN AGRICULTURE: A PROGRESS
REPORT. Patrick, G.F. (1975) W. Lafayette, Ind.: Purdue Univ., Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Experiment Station.
(Station Bulletin No.79, April 1975) 39p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Brazil, income distribution, socioeconomic factors, households, education, migration, research design, poverty
BR.4.C.1
55




4.C.2 FOOD
3717 ROLE OF SOYBEAN IN SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN AFRICA. IN:
Africa's Agricultural Development in the 19901s: Can It Be Sustained? (Proceedings of a Workshop, May 14-18, 1991, Arusha, Tanzania). Katoh, K. (1991) s.l.: Centre for Applied Studies in International Negotiations (CASIN), Sasakawa Africa Association (SAA), Global 2000, Inc. (p.141-49) 9p. KEYWORDS: Africa, soybeans, sustainable agriculture, Asia, food legumes, food supply,
protein, technology transfers, soy products ++ (ACJ8646)
3718 VEGETABLES THROUGHOUT THE YEAR. IN: Baptist Farmer. Tacio,
H.D. (1991) (p.2-3, July 1991; Also available from Heifer Project International, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel: 501-376-6836; request no.6310) 2p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Philippines, gardens, self sufficiency, handbooks, cropping systems
PH.4.C.2
5 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3719 AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH FOR RESOURCE-POOR FARMERS, PART II: A
PARSIMONIOUS PARADIGM. IN: Agricultural Administration &
Extension. Chambers, R. (1987) (Vol.27 p.109-128, 1987) 20p.
KEYWORDS: farmer participation, indigenous knowledge systems, on-farm research, farmers' attitudes, research methodology,
technology transfers HDI401.A36
3720 ANALISIS REGIONAL DE LOS SISTEMAS DE PRODUCCION AGROPECUARIA
EN MANABI, ECUADOR. Uquillas, J. [1987?]* Ecuador: J. Uquillas.
26p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Ecuador, regional
planning, national programs and projects, cowpeas, beans, project
appraisal, sondeos, socioeconomic conditions EC.5
3721 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH PROGRAM:
1975-76. (Informal report). Krantz, B.A. (1976) Hyderabad, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). (April 1975 March 1976) 70p. KEYWORDS: ICRISAT, semiarid tropics, annual reports, research institutes,
research design, land use, conservation 5
3722 APPROACHES OF THE ON-FARM AGRONOMIST: ILLUSTRATED
METHODOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS. Sebillote, M. (1989) Nakhom Pathom, Thailand: Kasetsart Univ. 36p. KEYWORDS: on-farm
trials, agronomy, yields, experimental design, farming systems theory, research methodology, surveys, problem identification,
models 5
56




3723 DESIGN AND TESTING PROCEDURES IN LIVESTOCK SYSTEMS RESEARCH:
AN AGRO-PASTORAL EXAMPLE. von Kaufmann, R. [1980?] Kaduna, Nigeria: R. von Kaufmann: ILCA, Subhumid Zone Program. 18p.
KEYWORDS: ILCA, Africa, West Africa, Nigeria, subtropics, animal production, cattle, methodology, planning of research, pastoral systems, problem identification, testing, small ruminants, mixed
systems NG.5
3724 ESTRATEGIA PARA LA IMPLEMENTACION Y DESAROLLO DE LA
INVESTIGACION AGROPECUARIA EN LA REGION DE LOS LLANOS CENTRALES DE VENEZUELA. Fr6meta Bello, L. [1980?]* Venezuela: Centro de Investigaciones Agropecuarias de la region de los Llanos Centrales
(CIARLLACEN), Fondo Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias.
38p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Venezuela,
implementation of research, research strategies VE.5
3725 ETHNOLOGY: A GLOBAL APPROACH IN FARMING SYSTEM. IN:
Proceedings of the Franco-Thai Workshop on Natural Rubber "Tapping Practices on Smallholdings in Southern Thailand", Nov.
21-24, 1989, Hat Yai, Pattani, Thailand. Ivanoff, J. (1990) Hat Yai, Thailand: Songkhla Rubber Research Centre. (p.51-73) 23p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Thailand, interdisciplinary research, anthropology, rubber, socioeconomic conditions, cultural
ecology, ethnology, agroforestry ++
3726 EVALUACION DE LA ACEPTACION DE LA TECNOLOGIA GENERADA POR
ICTA PARA EL CULTIVO DE MAIZ EN LA REGION I, 1975. Ruano A., S.R.
(1976) Guatemala City, Guatemala: Instituto de Ciencia y
Tecnologia Agricolas (ICTA), Ministerio de Agricultura del Gobierno de Guatemala, Sector Publico Agricola. 23p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Guatemala, ICTA, maize, innovation
adoption, technology transfers, evaluation, methodology GT.5
3727 EVALUATING TECHNOLOGIES WITH SMALL FARMERS. IN: Developing
World Agriculture, 1991. Ashby, J.A. (1991) London: Grosvenor Press International Ltd. (p.12-19) 8p. KEYWORDS: farmer participation, technology transfers, farmers' attitudes, planning of research, innovation adoption, technology analysis, evaluation
of research S482/.D48/1991
3728 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH: 1976 PROGRAM AND SUMMARY OF
RESULTS. (Informal Report). Krantz, B.A. (1976) Hyderabad, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) 62p. KEYWORDS: ICRISAT, annual reports,
project evaluation, agroclimatology, hydrology, machinery,
agronomy, land management, water management, watersheds, soils
5
57




3729 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH: A CHANGE IN FORM BUT NOT IN
CONTENT. Oasa, E.K. (1984)* s.l.: E.K. Oasa. 20p. KEYWORDS:
FSSP, analysis, development theory, farming systems theory, history
5
3730 FRANCOPHONE AND ANGLOPHONE FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH:
SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES. IN: Farming Systems Research and Development in Thailand. Guy Tr~buil, ed. Pillot, D. (1988) Haad Yai, Thailand: Prince of Songkla Univ., Thai-French Farming Systems Research Project. (p.3-25) 23p. KEYWORDS: research methodology, Anglophone research, Francophone research, farming systems theory, innovation adoption, diffusion of information,
evaluation of research, research theory ++
3731 INTEGRATING NUTRITIONAL CONCERNS INTO ADAPTIVE SMALL FARM
RESEARCH PROGRAMS. IN: Anthropology and Food Policy: Human Dimensions of Food Policy in Africa and Latin America D.E.
McMillan, ed. DeWalt, K.M. (1991) Athens, Ga.: Univ of Georgia Press. (p.126-44; Southern Anthropological Society Proceedings, No.24) 10p. KEYWORDS: nutrition, food, health, malnutrition, food consumption, women, labor requirements, farming systems
theory, research methodology GN2/.S9243/no.24
3732 LIMITS OF FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT: SHOULD
DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATORS BE INTERESTED? IN: Agricultural
Administration. Oasa, E.K. (1986) (vol.23 p.201-21. 1986) 21p.
KEYWORDS: agricultural research, appropriate technology, research
methodology, constraints, development strategies, socioeconomic
conditions, farming systems theory HD1401/.A36
3733 METHODOLOGICAL INNOVATION FOR RUBBER RESEARCH IN SOUTHERN
THAILAND: THE SYSTEMATIC APPROACH OF THE NATIVE KNOWLEDGE OF THE FARMERS AND THE REAL CONDITIONS OF PRODUCTION AT THREE LEVELS OF PERCEPTION. IN: 1991 Annual Research Conference Experts' Presentation, April 22-26, 1991, Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand.
Besson, I. (1991) Bangkok, Thailand: Thailand Dept. of Agriculture. (p.4-6) 3p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Thailand, national programs and projects, rubber, tapping, hevea, surveys, constraints, research methodology, yields, agroforestry,
indigenous knowledge systems TH.5
3734 METODOLOGIA PARA TRABAJAR CON EXTENSIONISTAS DEL MIDA.
Andrade Martinez, E. (1984)* s.l.: E. Andrade Martinez. 23p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central Aierica, Panama, IDIAP, national programs and projects, extension, human resources, problem
identification, institutions, research methodology PA.5
58




3735 ON-FARM EXPERIMENTATION: PROCEDURES AND METHODS. IN:
Proceedings of the Franco-Thai Workshop on Natural Rubber "Tappina Practices on Smallholdings in Southern Thailand". Nov.
21-24, 1989, Hat Yai/Pattani, Thailand. Jouve, P. (1990) Hat Yai, Thailand: Songkhla Rubber Research Centre. (p.149-168) 20p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Thailand, on-farm research, research methodology, planning of research, problem identification, rapid rural appraisal, surveys, farmer participation, economic
analysis, evaluation of research, innovation adoption ++
3736 PARTICIPATORY-ACTION-RESEARCH AND THE FARMING SYSTEMS
APPROACH WITH HIGHLAND PEASANTS. Fernandez, M. (1986) Columbia, Mo.: Univ. of Missouri, Department of Rural Sociology. (Small Ruminant Collaborative Research Support Program Technical Report Series No. 75) 33p. KEYWORDS: South America, Latin America, Peru, Andean region, highlands, appropriate technology, indigenous knowledge systems, traditional farming, traditional technology, extension, research methodology, socioeconomic conditions, small
ruminants LATIN AMERICA.5
3737 PROGRESS TOWARDS FARMER PARTICIPATION, A BROAD
INTERDISCIPLINARY FOCUS AND AN APPLIED ORIENTATION IN FSR/E.
(Paper prepared for presentation at the Farming Systems Research and Extension Symposium, Univ. of Arkansas, October 11, 1987).
Villa, I. (1987)* East Lansing, Mich: I. Villa, Michigan State Univ., Dept. of Resource Development. 15p. KEYWORDS: farmer participation, multidisciplinary research, research strategies,
development planning 5
3738 ROLE OF CASE STUDIES IN FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH. IN:
Agricultural Administration. Maxwell, S. (1986) (Vol.21
p.147-80, 1986) 34p. KEYWORDS: case studies, interdisciplinary research, Bolivia, South America, Latin America, social science,
data collection, research methodology HDI401/.A36
3739 SISTEHAS DE EXPLORAqAO PARA AS PROPRIEDADES DO TR6PICO
SEMI-ARIDO DO NORDESTE; REGIAO-SERID6. (1982) Brasilia, Brazil: Empresa Brasileira de Assistdncia T~cnica e Extens~o Rural (EMBRATER) (Estudos diversos, 12) 28p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Brazil, semiarid tropics, farmer participation,
water, soils, credit, markets BR.5
3740 SMALL FARMER CROPPING SYSTEMS PROJECT (CATIE/ROCAP), WITH
EXAMPLES OF OPERATION IN HONDURAS. Casement, S. (1982)*
Manhattan, Kans.: S. Casement, Kansas State Univ. 14p.
KEYWORDS: Central America, Latin America, Honduras, CATIE,
cropping systems, project design, project appraisal, evaluation,
faner participation HN.5
59




3741 TALLER INTERNACIONAL SOBRE SISTEMAS AGRICOLAS (FARMING
SYSTEMS), SANTIAGO, CHILE, JULY 30-AUG.3, 1984. (1984) Santiago, Chile: FAO, Regional Office for Latin America. 42p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, research development objectives, technology
transfers LATIN AMERICA.5
5.A SURVEY TECHNIQUES (DESCRIPTIVE AND DIAGNOSTIC METHODS)
3742 AGRONOMIC TECHNIQUES FOR THE DIAGNOSIS OF FARMERS' PROBLEMS.
(Research and Methodology Notes). Lightfoot, C. (1984)* El Batan, Mexico: Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT). 5p. KEYWORDS: agronomy, project design,
project evaluation, problem identification, development objectives,
target selection 5.A
3743 APROXIMACI6N METOL6GICA AL DIAGN6STICO DELIMITADO PRO EL
PROGRAMA DE TRANSFERENCIA DE TECHNOLOGIA. Andrade Martinez, E.
(1983)* Panama: E. Andrade Martinez, IDIAP. 14p. KEYWORDS:
Latin America, Central America, Panama, rural development, technology transfers, rapid rural appraisal, research methodology,
national programs and projects PA.5.A
3744 BEWARE THE PITFALLS IN SMALLHOLDERS SURVEYS. IN: Partners
in Research for Development. Allen, B. (1991) (No.4 p.25-31, April 1991) 7p. KEYWORDS: ACIAR, Oceania, Papua New Guinea, surveys, coffee, cocoa, copra, tree crops, subsistence farming, processing, marketing systems, women, income, socioeconomic
conditions, data collection, remote sensing PG.5.A
3745 BREAKDOWN POINTS IN THE DATA GATHERING PROCESS. Matlon, P.J.
[n.d.]* s.l.: International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), West African Programme. (p.8-18) llp. KEYWORDS: data collection, interviews, surveys, research
methodology 5.A
3746 COMPARING THE RESULTS OF AN INFORMAL SURVEY WITH THOSE OF A
FORMAL SURVEY: A CASE STUDY OF FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH/EXTENSION (FSR/E) IN MIDDLE KIRINYAGA, KENYA. (Paper submitted to the
Farming Systems Research/Extension Symposium, Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, Kan., Oct. 7-10, 1984). Franzel S. (1984)*
Washington D.C.: S. Franzel, Development Alternatives Inc. 26p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, surveys, informal surveys,
case studies, research design, data evaluation KE.5.A
3747 DESIGNING AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT:
ICRAF'S D&D APPROACH. Raintree, J.B. (1984) Nairobi, Kenya: International Council for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF) 19p.
KEYWORDS: ICRAF, agroforestry, rural development, research design,
evaluation of research, diagnosis, solution design 5.A
60




3748 DIAGNOSING RESEARCH AND EXTENSION PRIORITIES FOR FARMING
SYSTEMS IN NIKPIKHEL (SWAT). van Nieuwkoop M. (1990) Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept.
of Planning & Development. (PATA Pub. 62) 81p. KEYWORDS: Asia,
South Asia, Pakistan, diagnosis, rapid rural appraisal, research methodology, socioeconomic conditions, geography, climatic factors, extension, cropping systems, livestock systems, irrigation, rain-fed farming, research objectives, surveys, PATA Groundwater
Irrigation Project PK.5.A
3749 DIAGNOSING RESEARCH AND EXTENSION PRIORITIES FOR SUGARCANE
CULTIVATION IN BUNER. Naeem, M. (1991) Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept. of Planning & Development. (PATA Pub. 64) 37p. KEYWORDS: Pakistan, Asia, South Asia, sugarcane, cropping systems, cash crops, labor requirements, rapid rural appraisal, PATA Groundwater Irrigation
Project PK.5.A
3750 DIAGNOSING RESEARCH AND EXTENSION PRIORITIES FOR TOMATO
CULTIVATION IN NIKPIKHEL (SWAT). Defoer, T. (1990) Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept.
of Planning & Development. (PATA Pub. 63) 48p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan, agroecology, tomatoes, cropping systems, crop management, pests, pest management, PATA Groundwater Irrigation
Project PK.5.A
3751 EXECUTION OF RAPID RURAL APPRAISALS: A MANUAL. Gul, S.
(1991) Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept. of Planning & Development. (PATA-Pub. 73) 29p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan, rapid rural appraisal, handbooks, national programs and projects, PATA Groundwater
Irrigation Project PK.5.A
3752 GUIA DE DIAGNOSTICO A NIVEL DE AGROSISTEMAS. Pinchinat, A.M.
(1984) Lima, Peru: Instituto Interamericano de Cooperacion para la Agricultura (IICA). (Miscellaneous Publication no.455, August 1984) 15p. KEYWORDS: Peru, South America, Latin America,
handbooks, diagnosis, baseline data, data collection PE.5.A
3753 GUIDELINES FOR AGROFORESTRY DIAGNOSIS AND DESIGN: AN
INTRODUCTION TO ICRAF METHODOLOGY. (Draft). (1983) Nairobi, Kenya: International Council for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF) (Diagnostic and Design Methodology Manual Series No.1 1, Working Paper Nd.6) 28p. KEYWORDS: ICRAF, diagnosis, multidisciplinary research, agroforestry, research methodology, project design,
problem identification, solution design 5.A
61




3754 IDENTIFYING FARMER TARGET GROUPS IN AN AREA: METHODOLOGY AND
PROCEDURES. Franzel, S. [n.d.]* Nairobi, Kenya: S. Franzel, Centro de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo,(CIMMYT), Eastern African Economics Program. 12p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, target selection, research strategies, farmer participation,
baseline data, questionnaires, surveys KE.5.A
3755 ILCA/NLPU ON-FARM ALLEY FARMING PROJECT: CONSIDERATIONS ON
DATA COLLECTION AND EVALUATION. Atta-Krah, A. [1986?] Ibadan, Nigeria: International Livestock Centre for Africa (ILCA),
Nigerian Livestock Project Unit. 15p. KEYWORDS: ILCA, Africa, on-farm research, alley farming, social environment, extension, soils, cropping patterns, tree crops, livestock, data collection,
data evaluation AFRICA.5.A
3756 MANUAL EXPLICATIVO Y CUESTIONARIO PARA UN ESTUDIO INICIAL DE
FINCA. Navarro, L.A. (1979) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensefianza (CATIE).
(Programa Cultivos Anuales) 38p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Costa Rica, CATIE, handbooks, questionnaires,
surveys CR.5.A
3757 MONITORING AND EVALUATION OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
PROJECTS: DEFINITIONS AND METHODOLOGY. IN: Agricultural
Administration. Smith, P.J. (1985) (Vol.18 p.107-20, 1985) 8p.
KEYWORDS: data collection, target selection, project appraisal,
research methodology HD1401/.A36
3758 QUESTIONING THE PREJUDICES AGAINST RUBBER SMALLHOLDER IN THE
FAR SOUTH OF THAILAND: THE IMPORTANCE OF A GLOBAL APPROACH TO UNDERSTAND THE DIVERSITY AND RATIONALITY OF RUBBER FARMERS. IN: Proceedings of the Franco-Thai Workshop on Natural Rubber
"Tapping Practices on Smallholdings in Southern Thailand", Nov.21-24, 1989, Hat Yai/Pattani, Thailand. Besson, I. (1990) Hat Yai, Thailand: Songkhla Rubber Research Centre. (p.107-48) 42p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Thailand, surveys, rubber, socioeconomic conditions, economic analysis, tapping, harvesting, yields, farmer participation, farmers' attitudes, cropping systems,
forest products, agroforestry ++
3759 RESULTATS PRELIMINAIRES DE L'ENQUATE PILOTE REALISEE DANS LE
DEPARTMENT DU SUD. Bertelson, M.K. (1986) Port-au-Prince, Haiti: Ministere de l'Agriculture. (ADS-II, Report no.15, March 1986) S18p. KEYWORDS: Haiti, Caribbean, Latin America, surveys, national programs and projects, Winrock, data collection, research
organization, pilot projects HT.5.A
62




3760 SELECCION Y PRIORIZACION DE AREAS GEOGRAFICAS PARA LA
INVESTIGACION AGRICOLOA APLICADA EN PANAMA. Cudllar M., M. (1984) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Instituto de Investigaci6n Agropecuaria de Panama (IDIAP), Centro Agron6mico Tropical de Investigaci6n y Ensefianza (CATIE), Departmento de Produccion Vegetal. (Proyecto de Investigacion en Sistemas de Produccion en Fincas Pequehas, Convenio CATIE/ROCAP no.AID 596-0083, Acuerdo IDIAP/CATIE) 37p.
KEYWORDS: Central America, Latin America, Panama, planning of
research, target selection PA.5.A
5.B DESIGN OF IMPROVED TECHNOLOGY
3761 AGROFORESTRY RESEARCH GOES TO THE FARM. IN: Agroforestry
Today. Avila, M. (1990) (Vol.2 no.3 p.10-12, July-Sept. 1990;
Also available from Heifer Project International, Little Rock, Ark.
72203; tel.: 501-376-6836; request no.5705) 4p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, West Africa, ICRAF, on-farm research, agroforestry, farmer
participation, technology transfers AFRICA.5.B
3762 COMPARATIVE TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY IN RICE PRODUCTION.
Kalirajan, K.P. (1981) Los Bahos, Philippines: K.P. Kalirajan, International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). (IRRI Agricultural Economics Paper no.81-12) 15p. KEYWORDS: IRRI, Asia, rice, rain-fed farming, irrigation, extension, technology analysis,
policy ASIA.5.B
3763 DEVELOPING APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGIES THROUGH ON-FARM RESEARCH:
THE LESSONS FROM CAISAN, PANAMA. IN: Agricultural Administration.
Martinez, J.C. (1984) (Vol.17 p.93-114, 1984) 22p. KEYWORDS: Central America, Latin America, Panama, IDIAP, CIMMYT, on-farm research, national programs and projects, farmers' attitudes, farmer participation, innovation adoption, technology transfers,
evaluation of research HD1401/.A36
3764 EXTRACTING AND MEASURING FARMER'S VALUES AND ATTITUDES TO
AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY. Onyango, C.A. [1983?]* Njoro, Kenya: C.A. Onyango, Egerton college, Agricultural Extension Dept. 11p.
KEYWORDS: farmers' attitudes, surveys, technology, research methodology, innovation adoption, socioeconomic conditions,
programs and projects 5.B
3765 FACTIBILIDAD DE APLICAR LABRANZA MINIMA EN LOS SUELOS DE
APTITUD AGRICOLA DEL CENTRO DE LA PROVINCIA DEL CHACO. Ruiz Diaz, E. (1982) Sdenz Pefia, Chaco, Agentina: Departmento de Recursos Naturales. (Informaciones Tecnicas, Serie 2, Manejo de Suelos No.8 Enero '1982) 10p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America,
.Argentina, soils, inputs, minimum tillage systems, extension
AR.5.B
63




3766 FARMER'S SECTION: A FARMER'S APPROACH TO ON-FARM RESEARCH
DESIGN. [1987?]* s.l.: s.n. 23p. KEYWORDS: on-farm
research, research design, farmer participation, research
methodology, planning of research 5.B
3767 FARMER-BACK-TO-FARMER: A MODEL FOR GENERATING ACCEPTABLE
AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY. Rhoades, R.E. [1982?]* Lima, Peru: R.E. Rhoades, International Potato Center (CIP) 17p. KEYWORDS: CIP, models, farming systems theory, farmer participation,
postharvest technology, technology design, technical assistance
5.B
3768 FARMERS, ON-FARM RESEARCH AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF NEW
TECHNOLOGY. IN: Experimental Agriculture. Sumberg, J. (1988)
(Vol.24 no.3 p.334-42, 1988) 9p. KEYWORDS: Africa, alley farming, farmer participation, on-farm research, technology
development S3/.E9
3769 IMPROVED LIVELIHOODS, GENETIC DIVERSITY AND FARMER
PARTICIPATION: A STRATEGY FOR RICE BREEDING IN RAINFED AREAS OF
INDIA. IN: Experimental Agriculture. Maurya, D.M. (1988)
(Vol.24 no.3 p.311-20, 1988) 10p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, India, rice, rain-fed farming, genetic diversity, plant breeding, crops, traditional technology, farmer-managed trials, farmer
participation, improved varieties S3/.E9
3770 LAND USE PLANNING WITH RURAL FARM FAMILIES AND COMMUNITIES:
PARTICIPATORY AGROFORESTRY RESEARCH. (Workshop on Social Science
and Farming Systems Research, Nov. 27-29, 1984, Lusaka, Zambia).
Rocheleau, D.E. (1984) Nairobi, Kenya: International Council for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF). 41p. KEYWORDS: ICRAF,
Africa, East Africa, Kenya, agroforestry, forestry, technology design, on-farm trials, households, village level studies, labor,
case studies KE.5.B
3771 SOCIAL-SCIENTISTS' ROLE IN GENERATING INNOVATIONS FOR SMALL
FARMERS: MAIZE IN NIGERIA. IN: Experimental Agriculture.
Bartlett, C.D.S. (1981) (Vol.17 p.373-82, 1981) 10p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Nigeria, social science, innovation adoption, experiment stations, maize, economic analysis, technology design
S3/.E9
3772 SOIL TAXONOMY: A VALUABLE TOOL FOR THE FARMING SYSTEMS
RESEARCH APPROACH. IN: Benchmark Soils News. McIntosh, J.
(1980) (Vol.4 no.3 1980; USAID Doc. no. PN-AAT-793) 6p.
KEYWORDS: technology transfers, soils, soil classification, cropping systems, farmers' attitudes, innovation adoption,
Tndonesia, Asia, Southeast Asia, case studies 5.B
64




5.C TESTING
3773 AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME, KHARIF 1990: MONITORING
REPORT OF ON-FARM TRIALS AND DEMONSTRATIONS. Defoer, T. (1991) Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept. of Planning & Development. (PATA Pub. 66) 145p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan, national programs and projects, on-farm trials, crop production, economic performance, risk, maize, rice, mung beans, groundnuts, cowpeas, potatoes, vegetables, sugarcane, fodder, inputs, outputs, PATA Groundwater
Irrigation Project PK.5.C
3774 ENSAYOS DE CAMPO EN INVESTIGACIONES DE SISTEMAS DE
PRODUCCION. Flora, J.L. (1984)* Manhattan, Kan.: J.L. Flora, Kansas State Univ., Dept. of Sociology, Anthropology and Social Work. 27p. KEYWORDS: field tests, experiment stations,
rain-fed farming, semiarid zones, risk, farming systems theory
5.C
3775 FARMER'S PARTICIPATORY METHODS: ON-FARM RAINFED RICE
RESEARCH (IFAD SUPPORT) A CASE HISTORY. (Paper submitted for presentation at the 11th Annual FSR/E Symposium, Michigan State Univ., E. Lansing, Mich., Oct. 5-10, 1991.). Prasad, S.C.
[1991?]* Ranchi, India: S.C. Prasad, Birsa Agricultural Univ.
42p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, India, farmer participation, on-farm research, IRRI, ICAR, IFAD, rice, geography, socioeconomic constraints, rain-fed farming, cropping systems, farmers' attitudes
IN.5.C
3776 IMPACT OF FSR/E PROJECT IN RISK PRONE RAINFED LOWLAND RICE
BASED CROPPING SYSTEM IN BIHAR, INDIA. (Paper submitted for
presentation at the 11th Annual FSR/E Symposium, Michigan State Univ., E. Lansing, Mich., Oct. 5-10, 1991). Thakur, R. [1991?]* Samastipur, India: R. Thakur, Rajendra Agricultural Univ. 14p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, India, rain-fed farming, rice, risk, lowland areas, environmental factors, production constraints, traditional farming, on-farm trials, research evaluation IN.5.C
3777 IMPACT OF REGULAR RESEARCH FIELD HEARINGS (RRFH) IN ON-FARM
TRIALS IN NORTHEAST BRAZIL. IN: Experimental Agriculture. Baker, G. (1988) (Vol.24 no.3 p.281-88, 1988) 9p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Brazil, livestock, research methodology,
farmer participation, experimental design, on-farm testing
S3/.E9
3778 ON-FARI EXPERIMENTS: SOME EXPERIENCES. IN: Intercropping:
Proceedings of the Second Symposium on Intercrooping in Semi-Arid
Areas, Morocoro, Tanzania, Aug. 4-7, 1980. Muriithi, C.N. (192
... ... u ..9h 2
-Ottawa, Canada: International Development Research Csnter' (ITD. C (p.141-45) 5p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, extension,
innovation adoption, socioeconomic analysis, on-farm trials
S603.5/.S95/1980
65




3779 ON-FARM TRIALS, KHARIF 91 SEASON: MONITORING REPORT.
Defoer, T. (1992) Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic Republic of
Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F-P., Dept. of Planning and Development.
(PATA Pub. 80) 62p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan,
on-farm trials, maize, rice, onions, pulses, potatoes, fodder, sugarcane, farmer participation, evaluation of research, cost
benefit analysis PK.5.C
3780 ON-FARM TRIALS, RABI 1990-91 SEASON: MONITORING REPORT.
Defoer, T. (1992) Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept. of Planning and Development.
(PATA Pub. 76) 69p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan, on-farm trials, national programs and projects, irrigation, farmer participation, peas, potatoes, onions, wheat, rain-fed farming,
project appraisal, planning of research PK.5.C
3781 PARTICIPATORY ACTION AND ON-FARM RESEARCH WITH FSRE APPROACH
IN TRIBAL UPLANDS OF ORISSA, INDIA. (Paper submitted for
presentation at the lth Annual FSR/E Symposium, Michigan State Univ., E. Lansing, Mich., Oct. 5-10, 1991). Rath, S. (1991)* Bhubaneswar, India: S. Rath, Orissa Univ. of Agriculture and Technology. 18p. KEYWORDS: India, South Asia, Asia, tribal societies, farmer participation, on-farm research, cash crops,
farmers' attitudes, technology transfers IN.5.C
3782 REPORT ON THE ON-FARM EXPERIMENTATION TRAINING WORKSHOP HELD
AT N.A.E.S., NYANKPALA/GHANA, JULY 3-13, 1984. (1984) Heidelberg, Germany: German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ), Projekt Mischkulturen, Forschungsstelle f Ur Internationale
Agrarentwicklung. 208p. KEYWORDS: on-farm testing, traditional farming, innovation adoption, technology transfers, farmer participation, extension, production constraints, rapid rural
appraisal 5.C
3783 TAPPING SYSTEM IMPROVEMENT TRIAL IN SOUTHERN THAILAND,
DESCRIPTION AND GENERAL ASPECTS. IN: Proceedings of the
Franco-Thai Workshop on Natural Rubber "Tapping Practices on Smallholdings in Southern Thailand", Nov. 21-24, 1989, Hat Yai, Pattani, Thailand. De La Serve, M. (1990) Hat Yai, Thailand: Songkhla Rubber Research Centre. (p.45-50) 6p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Thailand, international cooperation, national programs and projects, rubber, hevea, tapping, living standards, yields, planning of research, on-farm research, anthropology,
farmer participation, agroforestry ++
66




5.D FSR METHODOLOGY EXTENSION AND TRANSFER
3784 AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH FOR RESOURCE-POOR FARMERS, PART I:
TRANSFER-OF-TECHNOLOGY AND FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH. IN: Agricultural Administration and Extension. Chambers, R. (1987) (Vol.27 p.35-52, 1987) 13p. KEYWORDS: technology transfers,
extension, multidisciplinary research, farmer participation
HD1401/.A36
3785 ALGUNOS ASPECTOS METODOLOGICOS DE LA INVESTIGACION EN SISTEMA
DE PRODUCCION AGROPECUARIA: LA SELECCION DE LAS TECNICAS
APROPIADAS PARA LA RECOLECCION DE DATOS. Garrett, P. [n.d.]* s.l.: P. Garrett. (Summary only) 5p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Ecuador, INIAP, regional planning, extension,
surveys, socioeconomic conditions EC.5.D
3786 APPLICATION OF FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH TO COMMUNITY
FORESTRY: A CASE STUDY IN THE HARARGE HIGHLANDS, EASTERN ETHIOPIA.
Poschen-Eiche, P. (1989) Weikersheim, Germany: Josef Margraf Verlag. (Tropical Agriculture 1) 260p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Ethiopia, forestry, community forestry, environmental degradation, research methodology, case studies, national programs
and projects, fuelwood S494.5/.A45/P67/1989
3787 DEVELOPING A PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN FARMERS AND SCIENTISTS: THE
EXAMPLE OF ZAMBIA'S ADAPTIVE RESEARCH PLANNING TEAM. IN:
Experimental Agriculture. Kean, S.A. (1988) (Vol.24 no.3 p.289-99, 1988) 11p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Southern Africa, Zambia, farmer participation, farmers' attitudes, extension, research
methodology S3/.E9
3788 ENQUPTE SUR L'ADOPTION DES TECHNOLOGIES MIL-NItBE A KOUKA,
MAIGUERO, RIGIAL ET KANDAMO. Lowenberg-DeBoer, J. (1992) Niamey, Niger: Institut National de Recherches Agronomiques du Niger, Dept. de Recherches en Economie Rurale. (Programme de Recherche sur les Systemes de Production Agricole, Doc. no.26F) 61p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Niger, socioeconomic conditions, technology transfers, innovation adoption, surveys, farmers'
attitudes, millets, cowpeas NE.5.D
3789 EQUIPOS INTEGRADOS DE INVESTIGACION Y EXTENSION AGRICOLA EN
EL ALTIPLANO CENTRAL DE GUATEMALA. (Paper submitted to the 11th Annual FSRE Symposium, Michigan State Univ., E. Lansing, Mich., Oct. 5-10, 1991). Yoc, F. [1991?]* Guatemala: F. Yoc. 7p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Guatemala, extension, technology transfers, innovation adoption, maize, beans, cost benefit analysis, PROGETTAPS, women, home economics, youth,
families GT.5.D
67




3790 EVALUATION OF AN ON-FARM DESIGNED TECHNOLOGY: APPLICATION TO
THE ADOPTION OF A NEW TWO-PAN STOVE AMONG THE PALM SUGAR PRODUCERS IN SATHING PHRA AREA --SOUTHERN THAILAND. IN: Farming Systems Research and Development in Thailand. Guy Tr4buil, ed. Trdbuil, G. (1988) Haad Yai, Thailand: Prince of Songkla Univ., Thai-French Farming Systems Research Project. (p.139-72) 33p.
KEYWORDS: innovation adoption, on-farm research, technology analysis, stoves, processing, project appraisal, extension,
technology transfers ++
3791 FARMER INVOLVEMENT. Lowdermilk, M. (1981) s.l.: Water
Management Synthesis Project, Consortium for International Development. (Planning Guide no.2, Water Management Synthesis Project, AID Doc. no.PN-AAL-389) 40p. KEYWORDS: irrigation, water management, project design, development agencies, project
implementation, handbooks, farmer participation 5.D
3792 LINEAMIENTOS ESTRATEGICOS PARA LA TRANSFERENCIA DE
TECNOLOGIA. Sanchez Diez, R. (1983) Panama City, Panama: Instituto de Investigacion Agropecuaria de Panama (IDIAP), Direccion de Transferencia de Tecnologia. 12p. KEYWORDS:
technology transfers, research methodology, extension, farmer
participation, evaluation of research PA.5.D
3793 METODOLOGIA PARA EL DESARROLLO DE TECNOLOGIA AGRICOLA
APROPIADA PARA PEQUENOS PRODUCTORES: EXPERIENCIAS DEL PROYECTO QUIMIAG-PENIPE, ECUADOR. Kirkby, R. (1980) Rio Bamba, Ecuador: Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias. 38p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Andean region, Ecuador, INIAP, interdisciplinary research, evaluation of research, on-farm trials, farmer
participation EC.5.D
3794 MISSION REPORT. Poey, F. (1984) Coral Gables, Fla.:
Agricultural Development Consultants, Inc. (AGRIDEC). 6p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Paraguay, training,
extension, reports PY.5.D
3795 PARTICIPATORY DEVELOPMENT DEMANDS PARTICIPATORY TRAINING.
IN: Convergence. Bhasin, K. (1991) (Vol.24 no.4 p.5-15, 1991;
Also available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little Rock Ark. 72203; tel.:501-376-6836; request no.6603) 11p.
KEYWORDS: NGOs, participatory strategies, farmer participation,
training, extension, technology transfers LC501/.C68
68




3796 PROCEEDINGS OF THE JORDANIAN FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND
EXTENSION TRAINING WORKSHOP, AUGUST 5-24, 1989. Gaudreau, M.
(1989) Amman, Jordan: Ministry of Agriculture, National Center for Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer, Monitoring and Evaluation Unit. (Training Report no.0189; USAID Contract No.
ANE-0264-C-00-7006-00; Jordan National Agricultural Development Project, Amman, Jordan/Pullman, Wash.) 395p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Middle East, Jordan, extension, training, methodology, handbooks,
technology transfers ++
3797 ROLE OF EXTENSION IN FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH PROGRAMS. IN:
Animals in the Farming System: Proceedings of Kansas State
University's 1983 Farming Systems Research Symposium. Kellogg, E.D. (1984) Manhattan, Kan.: Kansas State Univ., Office of International Agricultural Programs. (FSR Paper Series, paper no.6 p.887-98) 18p. KEYWORDS: farming systems theory, extension,
programs and projects S539.5/.F37/No.6
3798 SYSTEMS APPROACH FOR USE AT FARM LEVEL IN DEVELOPING
COUNTRIES. IN: Agricultural Systems. Wadsworth, J. (1983)
(Vol.12 p.67-73, 1983) 7p. KEYWORDS: extension, research methodology, farmer participation, research strategies S3/.A45
3799 TRAINING STRATEGY FOR MIDDLE LEVEL TECHNICIANS IN FARMING
SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND EXTENSION. (Paper prepared for the 5th Annual Farming Systems Research and Extension Symposium at Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, Kans., Oct. 13-16, 1985). Cheema, S.S. (1985)* Ludhiana, India: S.S. Cheema, Agricultural Univ., Dept. of Agronomy. 10p. KEYWORDS: training, extension, human resources,
case studies, education 5.D
5.E SYSTEMS ANALYSIS
3800 A PARTIR DE FONSEBOUGOU...: PRtSENTATION, OBJECTIFS ET
METHODOLOGIE DU "VOLET FONSEBOUGOU" (1977-1987). Kleene, P.
(1989) Bamako, Mali/Amsterdam, Netherlands: Institut d'Economie Rurale/Koninklijk Instiuut voor de Tropen (KIT). (Systemes de Production Rurale au Mali, Vol.1) 145p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Sahel, Mali, national programs and projects, constraints, objectives, research methodology, mixed systems, livestock, integrated systems, soil conservation, irrigation, technology transfers, farmers' associations, desertification, village level
studies ++
69




3801 ANTHROPOLOGICAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO RECOGNITION AND ANALYSIS IN
FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH. (Paper presented at the Networkshop on the Role of Rural Sociology (Including Anthropology) in Farming Systems Research, Lusaka, Zambia, Nov. 26-28, 1984). Hansen, A.
[1984?]* Gainesville, Fla.: A. Hansen, Univ. of Florida, Dept. of Anthropology. 21p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Southern Africa, Zambia, farming systems theory, anthropology, social science, research
strategies, cost benefit analysis ZM.5.E
3802 APPLICATION OF AGROECOSYSTEM CONCEPT AND METHODOLOGY IN THE
FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND EXTENSION: THE KHON KAEN UNIVERSITY EXPERIENCE. IN: Farming Systems Research and Development in Thailand. Guy Tr~buil, ed. Limpinuntana, V. (1988) Haad Yai, Thailand: Prince of Songkla Univ., Thai-French Farming Systems Research Project. (p.65-83) 19p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Thailand, farming systems theory, research methodology,
agroecosystems, rapid rural appraisal, systems analysis ++
3803 CHARACTERIZING A CONCEPTUAL MODEL TO ATTACK PROBLEMS OF
SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE. (Draft). Schmehl, W.R. [1991?]* Fort Collins, Colo.: W.R. Schmehl, Colorado State Univ., Dept. of Agronomy. 26p. KEYWORDS: sustainable agriculture, alternative agriculture, organic farming, problem identification, models,
terminology, systems analysis 5.E
3804 ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF THE ANAMBRA/IMO (ANIMO) RICE PROJECT
IN NIGERIA. IN: Agricultural Administration. Mabawonku, A.F.
(1986) (Vol.22 p.149-60, 1986) 7p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Nigeria, rice, national programs and projects, project
appraisal, rice production, yields, improved varieties
HDI401/.A36
3805 FARMERS OF YURIMAGUAS: LAND USE AND CROPPING STRATEGIES IN
THE PERUVIAN JUNGLE. Rhoades, R.E. (1987) Lima, Peru:
International Potato Center (CIP). 102p. KEYWORDS: Latin
America, South America, Peru, Amazon, tropics, environmental degradation, alternative technology, traditional farming, indigenous knowledge systems, farmer participation, socioeconomic
conditions PE.5.E
3806 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH: TWELVE LESSONS FROM THE MANTARO
VALLEY PROJECT. IN: Agricultural Administration. Horton, D.
(1986) (Vol.23 p.93-107, 1986) 15p. KEYWORDS: South America, Latin America, Peru, CIP, CIMMYT, project evaluation, ecology, technology transfers, interdisciplinary research, surveys, informal
surveys, anthropology HDI401/.A36
70




3807 FOOD CONSUMPTION AND FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH: A SUI IMARY.
(Prepared for Nutrition Economics Group, Technical Assistance Division, Office of International Cooperation and Development, USDA). Frankenberger, T.R. (1987) Tuscon, Ariz.: Univ. of Arizona/Univ. of Kentucky 7p. KEYWORDS: food consumption,
technology design, project design, women, extension 5.E
3808 GOLDEN FORESTS. (Report of an Anthropological,
Socio-economic and Technical Survey on Rubber Plantations in the Provinces of Patani, Yala, Narathiwat and Songkla (Southern Thailand) April 1988-Dec.1989). Le Roux, P. (1991) Patani, Thailand: Prince of Songkla Univ. (Part 1, General Report) 152p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Thailand, rubber, forest products, socioeconomic conditions, technology analysis, surveys, anthropology, cropping systems, yields, tapping, hevea,
agroforestry ++
3809 IDENTIFICATION OF RESULTS OF FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND
EXTENSION ACTIVITIES. (Draft). [1988?] Tuscon, Ariz.: Univ. of Arizona, Office of Arid Land Studies. (Information on Cooperative Agreement 58-319R-014 included; See also #2981 IDENTIFICATION OF RESULTS OF FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND EXTENSION ACTIVITIES: A SYNTHESIS) 19p. KEYWORDS: USAID, project evaluation, evaluation
of research, development agencies, extension 5.E
3810 LAND-USE IN THE ANDES: ECOLOGY AND AGRICULTURE IN THE
MANTARO VALLEY OF PERU WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO POTATOES. Mayer, E. (1980) Lima, Peru: International Potato Center (CIP), Social Science Unit. 115p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Peru, Andean region, land use, potatoes, traditional farming,
cropping systems, maps, ecology PE.5.E
3811 OBSERVATIONS SUR LA COMPETITION MAIS-POIS CONGO DANS
L'ASSOCIATION MAIS POIS CONGO-SORGHO SUR VERTISOL CALCAIRE: PENINSULE DUD A'HAITI. IN: Proceedings of the Caribbean Food Crops Society, 1979). Cavalie, J. (1979) s.l.: Caribbean Food Crops Society. (Vol.16 p.153-69, 1979) 9p. KEYWORDS: Latin
America, Caribbean, Haiti, maize, peas, sorghum, dryland farming
SB13/.C37a (copy 2)
3812 SISTEMAS AGROPECUARIOS EN EL ALTIPLANO: AVANCES DE UN
PROYECTO DE INVESTIGACION. (Resumen del Informe Anual 1988-1989).
Palao, J., ed. (1990) Puno, Peri:. Proyecto de Investigaci6n en Sistemas Agropecuarios Andinos (INIAA-PISA). (Convenio
INIAA-CIID-ACDI) 135p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Altiplano, Peru, national programs and projects, methodology,
systems analysis, crops, livestock, annual reports ++
71




3333 SMALL-FARM AGRICULTURE: STUDIES IN DEV-LOPING NATIONS.
(Selected, revised papers presented at the Workshop on Empirical Studies of Small-Farm Agriculture in Developing Countries, Purdue Univ., W. Lafayette, Ind., Feb. 1972). Patrick, G.F. (1975) W.
Lafayette, Ind.: Purdue Univ., Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Experiment Station. (Station Bulletin No.101, Sept.
1975) 178p. KEYWORDS: farm size, yields, wheat, credit, labor, research design, problem identification, evaluation, institutions
5.E
3814 SOCIO-ECONOMIC MODELLING OF FARMING SYSTEMS. IN:
Agricultural Systems Research for Developing Countries Proceedings of an International Workshop held at Hawkesbury Agricultural College, Richmond N.S.W., Australia, May 12-15, 1985.
Anderson, J.R. (1985) Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR). 13p. KEYWORDS:
socioeconomic analysis, models, households S542.3/.A38/1985
3815 TAPPING SYSTEMS APPROACH FOR SMALLHOLDERS IN SOUTHERN
THAILAND. IN: Proceedings of the Franco-Thai Workshop on Natural Rubber "Tapping Practices on Smallholdings in Southern Thailand".
Nov. 21-24, 1989, Hat Yai, Pattani, Thailand. Anekachai, C.
(1990) Hat Yai, Thailand: Songkhla Rubber Research Centre.
(p.27-32) 6p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Thailand, rubber, tapping, yields, hevea, harvesting, constraints, socioeconomic
conditions, agroforestry ++
6 INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS IN IMPLEMENTATION OF FARMING SYSTEMS
RESEARCH
3816 AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME OF THE PATA GROUNDWATER
IRRIGATION PROJECT POLICY PAPER. Defoer, T. (1990) Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept.
of Planning & Development. (PATA Pub. 48) 66p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan, national programs and projects, irrigation, development policy, agronomy, extension, geography,
institutionalization, research policy, field tests, PATA
Groundwater Irrigation Project PK.6
3817 AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME, KHARIF-91: OPERATIONAL
PLAN. Agricultural Development Programme Team, (1991) Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept.
of Planning and Development. (PATA Pub. 67) 116p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan, PATA Groundwater Irrigation Project, research policy, research methodology, training, extension, crops,
budget formulation PK.6
72




3818 AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME: POLICY PAPER. (2nd
ed.). Agricultural Development Programme Team, (1991) Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept.
of Planning & Development. (PATA Pub. 69) 87p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan, PATA Groundwater Irrigation Project, research policy, development objectives, geography, socioeconomic conditions, extension, institution building, planning of research,
field tests PK.6
3819 AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH AND EXTENSION PROJECT
(611-0201). (Draft). Byrnes, K.J. [1986?]* Washington, D.C.: K.J. Byrnes, AID/PPC/CDIE/PPE. llp. KEYWORDS: Africa, Southern Africa, Zambia, extension, project design, project evaluation, food
production, research objectives ZM.6
3820 BALANCING THE DIVERSE PRODUCTION SYSTEMS OF RUBBER
SMALLHOLDERS WITH NATIONAL OBJECTIVES. IN: 1990 Annual Research Conference Experts' Presentation, April 25-27, 1990, Pattaya Chon Buri, Thailand. Besson, I. (1990) Bangkok, Thailand: Thailand Dept. of Agriculture. (p.3-4) 2p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Thailand, rubber, surveys, extension, yields, tapping,
national programs and projects, agroforestry TH.6
3821 BUILDING ON SUCCESS: AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, TECHNOLOGY AND
POLICY FOR DEVELOPMENT. (Report of a Symposium held at Canberra, May 14, 1987). Ryan, J.G. (1987) Canberra, Australia:
Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR).
(ACIAR Technical Reports no.7 1987) 39p. KEYWORDS: ACIAR,
technology analysis, development agencies, development policy
6
3822 CENTRE FOR DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH AND OTHER SOCIAL SCIENCE
DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH IN DENMARK IN 1979. (1980) Copenhagen, Denmark: Centre for Development Research (CDR). (Annual Report) 79p. KEYWORDS: CDR, Europe, Denmark, development agencies, programs and projects, project proposals, annual reports, research
centers, social science DK.6
3823 DESARROLLANDO TECNOLOGIA APROPIADA PARA EL AGRICULTOR:
INFORME DE PROGRESO DEL PROGRAMA DE CAISAN EN PANAMA. Aradz, J.R.
(1983) Panama City, Panama: Instituto de Investigacion
Agropecuaria de Panama (IDIAP). (Serie de Estudios Especiales No.1; USAID Doc. No. PN-AAT-775) 120p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Panama, IDIAP, national programs and projects, reports, development strategies, project appraisal, appropriate
technology, maize PA.6
3f DEVELOPING A NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL G .-I. S. LESSOIS PRGM
CHINA AND THE U.S. (Draft). McColl, R.W. 1990 Lawrence, Kans.: R.W. McColl, Univ. of Kansas, Dept. of Geography. 17p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, East Asia, China, US, GIS, constraints, national
programs and projects, baseline data, data analysis CN.6
73




3825 DOMESTIC IMPLICATIONS OF UNIVERSITY INVOLVEMENT IN FSR/E.
(Luncheon address presented at the Farming Systems Research Symposium, Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, Kan., Oct. 7-10, 1984 ).
Woeste, J.T. (1984)*- Gainesville, Fla.: J.T. Woeste, Univ. of Florida, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science. 4p. KEYWORDS: US, extension,
institutionalization, development administration, universities
US.6
3826 ESQUEMA OPERATIVO A NIVEL DE SUBPROGRAMAS DE LA DIRECCION DE
TRANSFERENCIA DE TECNOLOGIA DEL IDIAP: APRECIACION PERSONAL.
Andrade Martinez, E. (1984)* Panama: E. Andrade Martinez.
13p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Panama, IDIAP, technology transfers, evaluation of research, project appraisal,
national programs and projects PA.6
3827 ESTUDIOS DE "BENCHMARKS" Y SU PAPEL EN EL DESARROLLO
AGRICOLA. (Documento Presentado a la Septima Sesion de la Comision Regional para Asia y el Lejano Oriente en Administracion Rural, Agosto 1981). Carpenter, N.R. (1981)* Rome: N.R. Carpenter, FAO, Divisi6n de Servicios Agricolas, Servicio de Administraci6n Rural y Economia de la Producci6n. 15p. KEYWORDS: rural
development, surveys, research methodology, extension 6
3828 FARMER-FIRST: ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE DRYLAND DEVELOPMENT IN
AFRICA. IN: Rural Households in Emerging Societies: Technology and Change in Sub-Saharan Africa. Chambers, R. (1991) New York: Berg Publishers Limited. (p.23-48) 26p. KEYWORDS: Africa, dryland farming, socioeconomic constraints, extension, resource allocation, technology transfers, farmers' attitudes, technology
development HN780/.Z9/C6722/1991
3829 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AT BPT CIAWI SOME PROGRESS AND
CONSTRAINTS. IN: Proceedings of the Workshop on Farming Systems Research and Development, Central Research Institute for Animal Sciences (CRIAS), Ciawi-Bogor, Indonesia, March 21. 1985. J. Levine and M. Sabrani, eds. Petheram, R.J. (1986) Bogor, Indonesia: Central Research Institute for Animal Sciences (CRIAS) (p.32-50) 18p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Indonesia, Java, research philosophy, research methodology, institution building, analysis,
multidisciplinary research, problem identification ID.6
3830 FIELD VISITS TO ICTA (THE INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE
AND TECHNOLOGY) GUATEMALA, MAY 14-16, 1979. Redclift, M.R. (1979) New York: M.R. Redclift, Ford Foundation. 7p. KEYWORDS: ICTA, Latin America, Central America, Guatemala, on-farm research, organizational structures, national programs and projects, project
evaluation GT.6
74




3831 FOOD PRODUCTIVITY AND NUTRITION IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
(520-0232). (Draft). Byrnes, K.J. [1984?]* Washington, D.C.: K.J. Byrnes, AID/PPC/CDIE/PPE. 22p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Guatemala, USAID, food, nutrition, programs and projects, project implementation, project evaluation, development
agencies GT.6
3832 GIA AND THE NEW CHILEAN PUBLIC SECTOR: RELATIONS BETWEEN
NGOS AND THE STATE IN THE GENERATION AND TRANSFER OF AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY. Sotomayor, O. (1991) London: Overseas Development Institute (ODI), Agricultural Administration Unit. (Agricultural Administration (Research and Extension) Network Paper 30, Dec.
1991) 26p. KEYWORDS: ODI, South America, Latin America, Chile, private sector, NGOs, national programs and projects, institutional cooperation, technology transfers, case studies, technology
development, organizational structures, training CL.6
3833 HONDURAN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH PROJECT. (Draft). Byrnes,
K.J. [1987?]* Washington, D.C.: K.J. Byrnes, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) (USAID Project No. 522-0139) 18p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Honduras, agricultural research, programs and projects, evaluation HN.6
3834 IMPROVEMENT OF INTERNATIONAL TRAINING IN AGRICULTURE. (Paper
prepared for the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Office of International Cooperation and Development, Office of International Training).
Compton, J.L. [1980?]* Ithaca, N.Y.: J.L. Compton, Cornell Univ., Extension Education. (Designing the Improvement of Training in International Agriculture; Working Paper #1, Survey Report) 43p. KEYWORDS: USDA, international cooperation, training, research design, project design, interviews, surveys, development
agencies 6
3835 INFORME ANUAL (1989-1990). (1990) Puno, Perd: Proyecto de
Investigaci6n de Sistemas Agropecuarios Andinos (INIAA-PISA).
(Serie Administrativa Memoria No.1) 155p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Andean region, Peru, national programs and projects, methodology, annual reports, potatoes, research objectives, mixed systems, alpacas, sheep, cattle, systems analysis, technology analysis, extension, computers, human
resources -++
3836. INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR TECHNOLOGY GENERATION AND
TRANSFER SYSTEM: EXPERIENCES FROM ZAMBIA. (Paper submitted for presentation at the 11th Annual FSR/E Symposium, Michigan State Univ., E.. Lansing, Mich., Oct. 5-10, 1991). Njobvu, C.A. [1991?]* Zambia: C.A. Njobvu, Dept. of Agriculture, Research Branch. 9p.
YWORDS: Africa, Southern Africa, Zambia, on-farm research,
otensi.o technology development, technology transfers, d ion
of information, institutional cooperation, institutions ZM.6
75




3837 INSTITUTIONALIZING FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND EXTENSION:
CORNELL UNIVERSITY'S EXPERIENCE IN ECUADOR AND THE PHILIPPINES.
Cornick, T.R. (1987) Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell Univ., New York State College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, International Agriculture Program. (Cornell International Agriculture Mimeograph 115.
Available from Program in International Agriculture, P.O. Box 16, Roberts Hall, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, New York, 14853) 55p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Latin America, Philippines, Ecuador, farming systems theory, institutionalization, training, educational institutions, research methodology, on-farm research,
farmer participation, extension ++ (ACG4463)
3838 INTEGRATED ROUTE TO SUSTAINABLE FARMING. IN: International
Agricultural Development. Lightfoot, C. (1990) (Vol.10 no.2 p.9-11, March/April 1990; Also available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel.:501-376-6836; request no.5603) 2p. KEYWORDS: sustainable agriculture, interdisciplinary research, poverty, aquaculture,
integrated systems, ICLARM, organizational structures 6
3839 INTSORMIL: THE FIRST FIVE YEARS, 1979-1984. INTSORMIL,
[1985?] Lincoln, Neb.: Univ. of Nebraska, International
Sorghum/Millet (INTSORMIL) (Sorghum/Millet CRSP;
AID/DSAN/XII-G-0149) 37p. KEYWORDS: INTSORMIL, development agencies, reports, Africa, Latin America, sorghum, millets, institution building, international cooperation, Sorghum/Millet
CRSP 6
3840 KENYA: EGERTON COLLEGE. Anderson, M.B. [1978?] Cambridge,
Mass.: Harvard Institute for International Development. 38p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, institution building, women, agricultural education, socioeconomic analysis, institutional resources, training, rural women, gender analysis, extension, human
resources, development planning KE.6
3841 KSU/SUDAN INTSORMIL PROJECT AGRONOMIC RESEARCH IN NORTH
KORDOFAN, SUDAN. Berhe, T. (1983) Lincoln, Neb.: Univ. of Nebraska, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources.
(Progress Report no.2, April-Sept. 1983) 9p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sudan, KSU, INTSORMIL, agronomy, sorghum, millets, reports, project
evaluation, project design SD.6
3842 LEARNING FROM EXPERIENCE: IMPLEMENTING FARMING SYSTEMS
RESARCH AND EXTENSION IN THE MALAWI AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH PROJECT.
IN: Anthropology and Food Policy: Human Dimension of Food Policy in Africa and Latin America E. McMillan, ed. Hansen, A. (1991) Athens, Ga.: Univ. of Georgia Press. (p.40-65; Southern
Anthropological Society Proceedings no.24) 13p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, East Africa, Malawi, national programs and projects, food policy, socioeconomic conditions, case studies, research
methodology, farming systems theory, evaluation of research
GN2/.S9243/no.24
76




-3843 LESSONS LEARNED FROM A.T.D. SUPPORTED FSR/E PROJECTS.
(Draft). Byrnes, K.J. [1985?]* s.l.: K.J. Byrnes,
AID/PPC/CDIE/PPE. lip. KEYWORDS:. USAID, development projects,
development agencies, project evaluation, research methodology
6
3844 LIVESTOCK TRIALS THAT CAN BE RUN BY AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
SCHOOLS. IN: Agricultural Progress. Petheram, P.J. (1985)
(Vol.60 p.28-33, 1985) 3p. KEYWORDS: Asia, livestock, on-farm trials, educational institutions, animal husbandry, training,
villages 6
3845 LONG TERM VS. SHORT TERM CONSULTANCIES: ADVANTAGES AND
DISADVANTAGES FROM AN AID MISSION VIEWPOINT. Smith, M. [n.d.] Washington, D.C.: Myron Smith, USAID Direct Hire on detail to BIFAD/S. 18p. KEYWORDS: USAID, consultants, technology
transfers, economic development, development agencies,
institutions, universities 6
3846 MAINTAINING THE MOMENTUM IN POST-GREEN REVOLUTION
AGRICULTURE: A MICRO-LEVEL PERSPECTIVE FROM ASIA. Byerlee, D.
(1987) East Lansing, Mich.: Michigan State Univ., Dept. of Agricultural Economics. (MSU International Development Paper no.10) 57p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Green Revolution, technology
development, research philosophy, inputs, extension, education
HD2056/.B94/1987
3847 MALAWI AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH PROJECT. Byrnes, K.J. [1984?]*
Washington, D.C.: K.J. Byrnes, USAID. 17p. KEYWORDS: Malawi, national programs and projects, project evaluation, project design,
institution building, institutionalization MW.6
3848 MONITORING AND EVALUATION OF FORESTRY PROJECTS FOR LOCAL
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT. IN: Agricultural Administration. Hyman, E.L. (1985) (Vol.19 p.139-60, 1985) 12p. KEYWORDS: community development, forestry, project appraisal, land use, monitoring,
development administration HDI401/.A36
3849 NGO INTERACTIONS WITH THE PUBLIC SECTOR: THE EXPERIENCE OF
PROSHIKA'S LIVESTOCK AND SOCIAL FORESTRY PROGRAMME. Khan, M.
(1991) London: Overseas Development Institute (ODI), Agricultural Administration Unit. (Agricultural Administration (Research and Extension) Network Paper 26, Dec. 1991) 46p. KEYWORDS: ODI, Asia, South Asia, Bangladesh, private sector, NGOs, forestry, social forestry, livestock, development theory, rural development,
case studies, institutional cooperation BD.6
77




3850 NIGER AGRICULTURAL SECTOR ASSESSMENT 1979 (Volume :
Synthesis). Enger, W.J. (1979) Niger: U.S. Agency for International Development .(USAID)/Niger. 131p. KEYWORDS:
USAID, Africa, West Africa, Niger, dryland farming, economic analysis, policy, social analysis, women, marketing, cooperatives
NE.6
3851 PEANUT CRSP PLANNING REPORT. Jackson, C.R. (1982) Athens,
Ga.: Univ. of Georgia (Planning Entity). (AID/DSAN-G-0247) 49p.
KEYWORDS: groundnuts, planning of research, yields, constraints, research objectives, project implementation, research institutes,
institutional resources 6
3852 PLANNING HANDBOOK FOR THE PLANNING OF THE SEASONAL PLANS OF
THE ADP. Brummelman, G. (1991) Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept. of Planning & Development. (PATA Pub. 71) 38p. KEYWORDS: Pakistan, Asia, South Asia, handbooks, national programs and projects, planning of research, farmer participation, PATA Groundwater Irrigation Project
PK.6
3853 PLANNING OF RESEARCH PRIORITIES. Stilwell, T.C. (1980) La
Paz, Bolivia: Consortium for International Development (CID).
(Working Paper no.7/80) 49p. KEYWORDS: CID, planning of research, research strategies, research development objectives,
.project evaluation, experiment stations 6
3854 PREPARING AFRICAN WOMEN FOR LEADERSHIP IN THE AGRICULTURAL
SCIENCES: A CONCEPT FOR DEVELOPMENT. (1988) Morrilton, Ark.:
Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development.
(Working Paper no.2) 26p. KEYWORDS: Winrock, Africa, women, education, training, agricultural education, educational planning,
human resources, women in development AFRICA.6
3855 RAPPORT ANNUEL 1984: PROJET D'APPUI AU DEVELOPPEMENT
AGRICOLE. (1985) Port-au-Prince, Haiti/Fayetteville,
Ark./Morrilton, Ark.: Haiti, Ministry of Agriculture/Univ. of Arkansas/Winrock International. (USAID Project no. 520-0092) 170p. KEYWORDS: Haiti, Latin America, Caribbean, Winrock, national programs and projects, annual reports, project design,
project evaluation HT.6
3856 REFORZAMIENTO DEL INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE INVESTIGACIONES
AGROPECUARIAS: BASE PARA UN SISTEMA NACIONAL DE INVESTIGATION
AGROPECUARIA. (1989) The Hague/Quito, Ecuador: International Service for National Agricultural Research (ISNAR)/Instituto
Interamericano de Cooperaci6n para la Agricultura (IICA). (ISNAR R43s) 196p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Ecuador, national programs and projects, institution building, ISNAR, INIAP,
NARS ++
78




3857 REPORT ON RESULTS OF CONSULTATION ON INTERNATIONAL TRAINING
WITH PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT RECOMMENDATIONS. (Paper prepared for the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Office of International Cooperation and Development, Office of International Training). Compton, J.L.
[1980?]* Ithaca, N.Y.: J.L. Compton, Cornell Univ., Extension Education. (Designing the Improvement of Training in International Agriculture. Working Paper #2, Consultation Report) 12p.
KEYWORDS: USDA, international cooperation, training, surveys,
research design, research evaluation, development agencies 6
3858 RESEARCH GUIDELINES AND PROCEDURES. (1985)* Zaria, Nigeria:
Ahmadu Bello Univ., Institute for Agricultural Research, Farming Systems Research Programme. 38p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West
Africa, Nigeria, educational institutions, surveys, on-farm
research, village level studies, handbooks NG.6
3859 ROLE OF GOVERNMENT AND OTHER INSTITUTIONS IN THE DEVELOPMENT
OF RICE-FISH CULTURE. Sollows, J. (1991) London: Overseas Development Insititute (ODI), Agricultural Administration Unit.
(Agricultural Administration (Research and Extension) Network Paper 28, p.1-23, Dec. 1991) 23p. KEYWORDS: ODI, Asia, Southeast Asia, Thailand, NGOs, rice, fish, extension, technology transfers, innovation adoption, international cooperation, national programs and projects, case studies, public sector, institutional
cooperation, farmer innovation, private sector TH.6
3860 SOCIAL RESEARCH IN INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL R&D: LESSONS
FROM THE SMALL RUMINANT CRSP. IN: Agriculture and Human Values.
McCorkle, C.M. (1989) (Vol.6 no.3 p.42-51, Summer 1989; Also available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel.: 501-376-6836; request no.5708) lop.
KEYWORDS: anthropology, sociology, agricultural development, research institutes, multidisciplinary research, small ruminants,
SR-CRSP HT401/.A35
3861 SOIL MANAGEMENT CRSP FINAL PROGRAM PROPOSAL FOR THE
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL SOIL MANAGEMENT PROGRAM.
(INTSOIL). (Draft). (1980)* Raleigh, N.C.: North Carolina State Univ. 51p. KEYWORDS: INTSOIL, soil management, marginal land, production constraints, rain-fed farming, project design, project
proposals, institutional resources 6
3862 SOME THOUGHTS ON BUILDING DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE NETWORKS.
(Presented at the 1985 Annual AUSUDIAP Meeting, Univ. of Georgia, Athens, Ga.). Kauffman, H.E. (1985)* Urbana, Ill.: H.E.
Kauffman, Univ. of Illinois, International Soybean Program (INTSOY). 5p. KEYWORDS: research centers, networks,
institution building 6
79




3863 STAFF MANAGEMENT ISSUES IN ON-FARM CLIENT-ORIENTED RESEA1:CH.
Bingen, R.J. (1990) The Hague: International Service for National Agricultural Research (ISNAR). (Special Series on the Organization and Management of On-Farm Client-Oriented Research (OFCOR) Comparative Study No.5) 41p. KEYWORDS: ISNAR, case studies, on-farm research, research workers, management, problem
identification S540/.053/B46/1990
3864 SUMMARY OF SOME THAI NGO EXPERIENCES IN SUSTAINABLE
AGRICULTURE IN COLLABORATION WITH GOVERNMENT AGENCIES.
Jonjuabsong, L. (1991) London: Overseas-Development Institute, Agricultural Administration Unit. (Agricultural Administration (Research and Extension) Network Paper 28, p.24-41, Dec. 1991) 18p. KEYWORDS: ODI, Asia, Southeast Asia, Thailand, 'NGOs, national programs and projects, rice, fish, problem identification, farmer participation, institutional cooperation, pesticides, technology transfers, case studies, private sector, mixed systems
TH.6
3865 SYNTHESIS OF AID EXPERIENCE: FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND
EXTENSION (FSR/E). (Draft). Byrnes, K.J. \(1988)* Washington, D.C.: K.J. Byrnes, Agency for International Development (USAID), Center for Development Information and Evaluation, Program and Policy Evaluation Division. 34p. KEYWORDS: USAID, development theory, development strategies, project evaluation, research
evaluation 6
3866 SYSTEMS THINKING AND PRACTICES IN THE EDUCATION OF
AGRICULTURALISTS. IN: Agricultural Systems. Bawden, R.J. (1983)
(Vol.13 no.4 p.191-203, 1984) 23p. KEYWORDS: Oceania,
Australia, agricultural education, systems analysis, educational
institutions, training S3/.A45
3867 TRAINING PROGRAMS WITH A FOCUS ON WOMEN. (Roundtable on
Goats for Smallholders with a Focus on Women's Roles, 5th International Conference on Goats, New Delhi, India, March 6, 1992). Jiabi, P. (1992)* New Delhi, India: P. Jiabi, Heifer Project International. (Also available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel:501-376-6836; request no.6509) 10p. KEYWORDS: women, goats, livestock, literacy, training, extension, project design, education
6
3868 TRAINING TO SUIT RURAL WOMEN'S NEEDS. IN: TLEIA Newsletter.
Vukasin, H. (1991) (Vol.7 no.3 p.8-9, Oct. 1991) 2p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Southern Africa, Zimbabwe, women, rural women, education,
training, self sufficiency, surveys S494.5/.$86/T44
80




3869 TRAINING, NETWORKING AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE THE PRODUCT
AND PROCESS OF THE FARMING SYSTEMS SUPPORT PROJECT, 1982-1987.
*[1988?]* Gainesville, Fla.: Univ. of Florida, Farming Systems Support Project (FSSP) (Cooperative Agreement No.
Dan-4099-A-00-2083-00, Project No. 936-4099) 24p. KEYWORDS: USAID, FSSP, development agencies, technology transfers,
communication, networks, training 6
3870 TRIP REPORT: SUDAN. Coughenour, M. (1983) Lincoln, Neb.:
Univ. of Nebraska, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources.
4p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sudan, INTSORMIL, project appraisal
SD.6
3871 VIABILITY AND METHOD THE POSSIBILITIES FOR FARMING SYSTEMS
RESEARCH IN BIHAR, INDIA. (Paper prepared for the Conference on Gender Issues in Farming Systems Research/Extension, Gainesville, Fla., Feb. 26-March 1, 1986). Grosvenor-Alsop, R. (1986)* s.l.: R. Grosvenor-Alsop. 18p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, India, problem identification, research strategies, gender, interdisciplinary research, problem identification, women in
development IN.6
3872 WEST AFRICAN FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH NETWORK (WAFSRN):
ACTIVITIES AND WORK PROGRAMME FOR 1988-1989. (1988) Ougadougou, Burkina Faso: West African Farming Systems Research Network (WAFSRN). 18p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, networks,
information exchange, training AFRICA.6
81