• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Notice of non-discrimination
 Introduction
 Table of Contents
 Parts of the citation
 Abbreviations, acronyms and...
 Subject headings
 Citations
 Keyword index
 Title index
 Author index
 Farming systems research paper...






Group Title: Farming Systems Research Paper Series paper no. 4S4
Title: A farming systems research bibliography of Kansas State University's vertical file materials
CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE PAGE TEXT
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055241/00001
 Material Information
Title: A farming systems research bibliography of Kansas State University's vertical file materials 1992 supplement
Series Title: Paper
Physical Description: xviii, 124 p. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Donoghue, Nancy H
Hargett, Dean A
Kansas State University -- Libraries. -- Resources on Developing Countries
Publisher: Resources on Developing Countries, Farrell Library, Kansas State University
Place of Publication: Manhattan Kan
Publication Date: [1992]
 Subjects
Subject: Agricultural systems -- Bibliography -- Catalogs   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
catalog   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: Nancy H. Donoghue and Dean A. Hargett, compilers and editors.
General Note: "Office of International Agricultural Programs U.S. AID Title XII Strengthening Grant."--Cover.
General Note: "Fall 1992."
General Note: "Supplement four to the revised edition."
General Note: Includes indexes.
Funding: Farming systems research paper series ;
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00055241
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 28566624

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Title Page
        Page i
    Notice of non-discrimination
        Page ii
    Introduction
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
    Table of Contents
        Page vi
    Parts of the citation
        Page vii
    Abbreviations, acronyms and initialisms
        Page viii
        Page ix
        Page x
        Page xi
        Page xii
        Page xiii
        Page xiv
        Page xv
    Subject headings
        Page xvi
        Page xvii
        Page xviii
    Citations
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
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        Page 24
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        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
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        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
    Keyword index
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
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        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
    Title index
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
    Author index
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
    Farming systems research paper series
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
Full Text

(G,


0 77


OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL-
AGRICULTURAL PROGRAMS
U.S. AID TITLE XII
STRENGTHENING GRANT


A FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH
BIBLIOGRAPHY OF KANSAS STATE
UNIVERSITY'S VERTICAL FILE MATERIALS:
1992 SUPPLEMENT
Nancy H. Donoghue and Dean A. Hargett
Compilers and Editors
Paper No. 4S4
Supplement Four
to the
Revised Edition
Fall 1992


FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH

PAPER SERIES


t


KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY
MANHATTAN, KANSAS 66506 UiS.A.



























A FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH
BIBLIOGRAPHY OF KANSAS STATE
UNIVERSITY'S VERTICAL FILE MATERIALS:
1992 SUPPLEMENT

Nancy H. Donoghue and Dean A. Hargett
Compilers and Editors

Paper No. 4S4
Supplement Four
to the
Revised Edition
Fall 1992











Resources on Developing Countries
Farrell Library
Kansas State University
Manhattan, Kansas 66506-1200
USA








































NOTICE OF NON-DISCRIMINATION


Kansas State University is committed to a policy of non-
discrimination on the basis of race, sex, national origin,
handicap, or other non-merit reasons, in admissions, educational
programs or activities, and employment, all as required by
applicable laws and regulations. Responsibility for coordination
of compliance efforts and receipt of inquiries, including those
concerning Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 and Section
504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, has been delegated to Jane
D. Rowlett, Ph.D., Director, Affirmative Action Office, 214
Anderson Hall, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas 66506
(913-532-6220).









FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND THE KSU COLLECTION


Kansas State University is one of the increasing number of
institutions involved in farming systems research/extension
(FSR/E). The Library has organized a collection of materials
available to persons interested in the subject.

The Technical Advisory Committee's Review Team of Farming
Systems Research has defined a farming system as:

"a complicated, interwoven mesh of soils, plants,
animals, implements, workers, other inputs and
environmental influences with the strands held and
manipulated by a person called the farmer who, given
his [or her] preferences and aspirations, attempts to
produce output from the inputs and technology available
to him [or her]. It is the farmer's unique
understanding of his immediate environment, both
natural and socio-economic, that results in his [or
her] farming system."

It goes on to describe FSR as:

"research (including training) which: (1) is conducted
with a recognition of and focusing towards the
interdependencies and inter-relationships that exist
among elements of the farm system, and between these
elements and the farm environment; and (2) is aimed at
enhancing the efficacy of farming systems through the
better focusing of agricultural research so as to
facilitate the generation and testing of improved
technology.

"The major activities involved in FSR are:

(a) The collection and analysis of base data;
(b) The study of existing farming systems;
(c) The design of new farming systems;
(d) Farm systems experimentation; and
(e) The evaluation and monitoring of new farming systems."'








Farming SyStems Research at the International Agricultural
Research Centers, Washington, World Bank for TAC Secretariat/FAO,
1978, page 8.


iii










THE SUPPLEMENT .


lists FSR vertical file material and selected publications with
Library of Congress classification numbers from KSU's Farrell
Library. This Supplement continues the FSR documentation effort at
KSU from the following four previously issued bibliographies:

Graham, Gretchen A., ed. A Farming Systems Research Bibliography of
Kansas State University's Vertical File Materials (Revised
Edition). Farming Systems Research Paper Series no. 4.
Manhattan, Kan.: Resources on Developing Countries, Farrell
Library, Kansas State University. 1986.

Young, Noel D. and Elsa Eaton, eds. A Farming Systems Research
Bibliography of Kansas State University's Vertical File
Materials: Some Selections from the Peter E. Hildebrand
Collection, Part One. Farming Systems Research Paper Series no.
4S1 (supplement 1 to the rev. ed.). Manhattan, Kan.: Resources
on Developing Countries, Farrell Library, Kansas State
University. 1988.

Meyn, Tod L. and Nancy Donoghue, eds. A Farming Systems
Research Bibliography of Kansas State University's Vertical File
Materials: 1990 Supplement. Farming Systems Research Paper
Series no. 4S2 (supplement 2 to the rev. ed.). Manhattan, Kan.:
Resources on Developing Countries, Farrell Library, Kansas State
University. 1990.

Donoghue, Nancy H. and Dean A. Hargett, eds. A Farming Systems
Research Bibliography of Kansas State University's Vertical File
Materials: 1991 Supplement. Farming Systems Research Paper
Series no. 4S3 (supplement 3 to the rev. ed.). Manhattan, Kan.:
Resources on Developing Countries, Farrell Library, Kansas State
University. 1991.

Two other bibliographies in the FSR Paper Series are:

Young, Noel D. and Tod L. Meyn, comps. and eds. Women in
Development: Selections from Kansas State University's Vertical
File Materials. Farming Systems Research Paper Series no. 21.
Manhattan, Kan.': Resources on Developing Countries, Farrell
Library, Kansas State University. 1989.

Young, Noel D. and Tod L. Meyn, comps. and eds. Botswana and
Bechuanaland Items Held in Farrell Library: A Compendium of
Books, Documents, Reports, Journal Articles, and Fugitive
Literature, Part One. Farming Systems Research Paper Series no.
20. Manhattan, Kan.: Resources on Developing Countries, Farrell
Library, Kansas State University. 1989.










The vertical file material includes unpublished papers, drafts,
house organs and other non-conventional items. Keyword, title and
primary author indices are provided. The standard for keywording
is an "enhanced" CAB Thesaurus. Those items marked with a "++" in
the location code have not yet been assigned a Library of Congress
classification number.

Materials cited in this bibliography may be obtained in the
following manner:

1) For KSU Library card holders, by coming to the Resources on
Developing Countries Department, Room 314, Farrell Library, and
checking out the material from the librarian;
2) For all other United States' requestors, through interlibrary
loan service, according to interlibrary loan and KSU Libraries
guidelines;
3) For persons outside the United States, and without interlibrary
loan services, by mail (requests will be filled subject to
copyright status and length of item). Send your inquiries to:


Resources on Developing Countries
Farrell Library
Kansas State University
Manhattan, Kansas 66506-1200, USA

TEL: (913) 532-7451
FAX: (913) 532-6144


We welcome suggestions and donations of new materials for the
Farming Systems Collection.




Nancy H. Donoghue
Librarian
Resources on Developing Countries
BITNET: NANCYDON@KSUVM










TABLE OF CONTENTS



Introduction . . . . . .iii

Parts of the Citation . . . . .. vii

Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Initialisms . .. viii

Subject Headings . . . . . xvi

Citations . . .. . . . 1

Keyword Index . . . . . 83

Title Index . . . . . 107

Author Index . . . . . 117

Farming Systems Research Paper Series . . .. 124


































vi









PARTS OF THE CITATION


accession number title place of publisher citation to larger work
/ publication
2812 FOOD CONSUMPTION SURVEY IN GUIDIMAKA, GORGOL, BRAKNA AND
TRARZA REGIONS. IN: Farming Systems Research Along the Senegal River Valley
Frankenberger, T.R. (1986) Tucson, Ariz.: Univ. of Arizona, College of Agriculture.
(Mauritania Agricultural Research Project II; Report No.3, Apr. 1986) 105p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Mauritania, semiarid zones, surveys, food
consumption, food preferences, food preparation, food prices, food storage, food
distribution, wild plants, diseases, women, gardens, food shortages, seasonality MR.3.D


keywords location code










ABBREVIATIONS, ACRONYMS, AND INITIALISMS


AAAS
AABGA

ACDI
ACDI
ACIAR

AD
ADB
ADC
ADNP
ADP
AFTRCW/UNEC

AHS
AIA
AICRPDA
AID/S&T

AID
ALDEP
APCWD

ASA
ASAE
ASPAC/FFT

ASTA
ATIP

AVRDC
BAEP
BARC
BARI
BIFAD

BDPA

c
C.I..A.T.
CAEP
CARD

CATIE

CATIE/ROCAP


CDR


American Association for the Advancement of Science
American Association of Botanical Gardens and
Arboreta
Agricultural Cooperative Development International
Agencia Canadiense para el Desarrollo Internacional
Australian Centre for International Agricultural
Research
Agricultural Administration
Asian Development Bank
Agricultural Development Council
Agricultural Development Ngamiland Project
Agricultural Development Programme (Pakistan)
African Training and Research Centre for
Women/United Nations Economic Commission for Africa
American Horticulture Society
Agricultor-Investigacion-Agricultor
?
Agency for International Development/Bureau for
Science and Technology
Agency for International Development
Arable Lands Development Program
Asian and Pacific Centre for Women and Development
(Bangkok, Thailand)
American Society of Agronomy
American Society of Agricultural Engineers
Food and Fertilizer Technology Center of the Asian
and Pacific Region
American Seed Trade Association
Agricultural Technology Improvement Project
(Botswana)
Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center
Bureau of Economic Analysis and Planning
Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council
Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute
Board for International Food and Agricultural
Development
Bureau pour le developpement de la production
agricole
copyright
Centro de Investigacion Agricola Tropical (Bolivia)
Caribbean Agricultural Extension Project
Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development
Institute (U. of the West Indies)
Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y
Ensenanza
Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y
Ensenanza/Regional Office for Central American
Programs
Centre for Development Research


viii










CENDA
CENDERCO
CENDHRRA
CENTA/BID

CENTA
CENTO
CEPAL

CES
CGIAR

CIAR
CIARLA

CIAT
CID
CIDA
CILSS


CIMMYT

CIP
CIPEA
CLADES


CLSR
CLSU
comp.,
CONAE


comps.


CRDI

CRIA

CRIFC
CRSP
DAI
DAP
Dept.
DESFIL
DRSPR

ed., eds.
EFSAIP


et al.
FAO -


Centro de Desarrollo Agropecuario (Zona Norte)
Centro para el Desarrollo Rural y Cooperativo
? (San Juan, Rizal, Philippines)
Centro Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria/? (El
Salvador)
Centro Nacional.de Tecnologia Agropecuaria
Central Treaty Organization
Economic Commision for Latin America (Santiago,
Chile)
Cooperative Extension Service (U.S.)
Consultative Group on International Agricultural
Research
Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical
Centro de Investigaciones Agropecuarias Region Los
Andes
Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical
Consortium for International Development
Canadian International Development Agency
Comite permanent interetat du lutte centre le
secheresse dans le Sahel-Permanent Interstate
Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel)
Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y
Trigo
Centro Internacional de la Papa
Centre international pour l'elevage en Afrique
Latin American Centre for Economic and Social
Documentation
Crop-Livestock Systems Research
Central Luzon State University
compiler, compilers
Coordinadora Nacional de Agricultura Ecologica
(Peru)
Centre de recherche pour le
developpementinternational
Central Research Institute for Agriculture
(Indonesia)
Central Research Institute for Food Crops
Collaborative Research Support Program
Development Alternatives, Inc.
Draught Animal Power
Department
Development Strategies for Fragile Lands
Division de Recherches sur les Systemes de
Production Rurale, Mali
editor, editors
Evaluation of Farming Systems & Agricultural
Implements Project (Sebele, Botswana)
Empressa Brasiliera de Pesquina Aqropecuaria
(used when there are more than 3 authors)
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
Nations










FAO/SID

FONAIAP

FSDP-EV

FSIP
FSR
FSR/E
FSR/D
FSSP

FSSP/GARD


FSSR
FY
GARD

GERDA

GIA
GIS
GRET

HYVs
I.A.P.M.P

IAAE

IADS
IAF
IAFP

IARCs
IARI
IBPGR
ICA
ICAR
ICARDA

ICLARM

ICMRD

ICRAF
ICRISAT

ICRW
ICSU


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
Nations/Swedish International Development Agency
Fondo Nacional de Investigaciones
Agropecuarias(?)/Development(?)(Project)
Farming Systems Development Project Eastern
Visayas (Philippines)
Farming Systems Improvement Project (Rwanda)
farming systems research
Farming Systems Research/Extension
Farming Systems Research/Development
Farming Systems Support Project (University of
Florida, Gainesville)
Farming Systems Support Project (University of
Florida, Gainesville)/Gambia Agricultural Research
and Diversification (?)
Farming Systems Southern Region
fiscal year
Gambia Agricultural Research and Diversification
(?)/Development (?) (Project)
Groupement d'etudes et du recherches pour le
developpement de l'agronomie tropical
Agrarian Research Group (Chile)
geographic information systems
Groupe de Recherche et d'Echanges Technologiques,
France
high yielding varieties
International Agricultural Production and Marketing
Project (KSU)
International Association of Agricultural
Economists
International Agricultural Development Service
Inter-American Foundation
International Agricultural and Food Program (Cook
College, Rutgers University)
International Agricultural Research Centers
International Agricultural Research Institute
International Board for Plant Genetic Resources
Institute Colombiano Agropecuario
Indian Council of Agricultural Research
International Center for Agricultural Research in
the Dry Areas
International Centre for Living Aquatic Resources
Management
International Center for Marine Resource
Development
International Center for Research in Agroforestry
International Crops Research Institute for the
Semi-Arid Tropics
International Center for Research on Women
International Council of Scientific Unions










ICTA


IDIAP

IDRC
IDS
IDS
IDWSSD

IE&R, IPIA

IFAD
IFDC/IRA

IFOAM

IFPP
IFPRI
IIAP

IICA/INR


IICA/CIDIA




IIED

IITA
ILCA
ILEIA

ILO
ILRAD

IMF
INCAP
INIA
INIAA

INIAP
INRA
INRAN

Inst.
IINSTRAW

INTERPAKS


Institute de Ciencia y Tecnologia Agricolas-
Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology
(Guatemala)
Institute de Investigaciones Agropecuarias de
Panama
International Development Research Centre
Institute for Development Studies
international development strategy
International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation
Decade
International Education and Research, International
Programs in Agriculture (Purdue U.)
International Fund for Agricultural Development
International Fertilizer Development
Center/Institute du recherche agronomique
International Federation of Organic Agricultural
Movements
Integrated Farming Pilot Project (Pelotshetlha)
International Food Policy Research Institute
Institute de Investigaciones Agropecuarias de
Panama
Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on
Agriculture/Institute national de recherches
agronomiques
Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on
Agriculture Instituto Interamericano de Ciencias
Agricolas de la Organizacion de Estados
Americanos/Centro Interamericano de Documentacion
e Information Agricola
International Institute for Environment and
Development
International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
International Livestock Center for Africa
Information Centre for Low-External-Input and
Sustainable Agriculture (Netherlands)
International Labour Organisation
International Laboratory for Research on Animal
Diseases, Kenya
International Monetary Fund
Institute de Nutricion de Centroamerica y Panama
Institute Nacional de Investigaciones Agrarias
Institute Nacional de Investigacion Agropecuaria y
Agroindustrial (Peru)
Institute Nacional de Investigacion Agropecuaria
Institute national de la recherche agricole
Institute national de recherches agronomiques des
Niger
Institute
International Research and Training Institute fcr
the Advancement of Women
International Program for Agricultural Knowledge
Systems (U. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign)









INTSOIL
INTSORMIL

IPIA

IPM
IRAEN
IRAT

IRCs
IRCT/Mali

IRRI
ISA
ISAR
ISNAR

ISRA

ISS
IT
IUFS&T

IUNS

KIT

KKU
KKU/FCSP
KSU
LASA
MAFC

MARC
MARIF
MDP
MF
MIAC
MIDAS

MP
MSTT
MSU
n.d.
NADP

NARS
NERAD

NFTA
NGA


International Soil Management Program
International Sorghum/Millet/Collaborative Research
Support Program
International Programs in Agriculture (Purdue
University)
integrated pest management
International Rice Agro-Economic Network
Institute des recherches agronomiques tropicales et
des cultures vivrieres
International Research Centers
Institute de recherche du coton et des textiles
exotiques (Mali)
International Rice Research Institute
Investigation de Sistemas Agropecuarios
Institute for Agricultural Research (Rwanda)
International Service for National Agricultural
Research
Institute Sdnegalais de Recherche Agricole Senegal
Agricultural Research Institute
Institute of Social Studies
Intermediate Technology
International Union of Food Science & Technology
(Goteborg, Sweden)
International Union of Nutritional Sciences
(Zurich)
Koninklijke Instituut voor de Tropen (Royal
Tropical Institute), Netherlands
Khon Kaen University, Thailand
Khon Kaen University/Ford Cropping Systems Project
Kansas State University (Manhattan, Kansas)
Lesotho Agricultural Sector Analysis Project
Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Affairs
(Barbados)
Monitoring and Assessment Research Centre
Malang Research Institute for Food Crops
Molapo'Development Project (Maun)
microfiche
MidAmerica International Agricultural Consortium
Managed Inputs and Delivery of Agricultural
Services
miscellaneous papers
Modular System for Technology Transference
Michigan State University (East Lansing, Michigan)
no date of publication
Ngamiland and Agricultural Development Project
(Gomare)
national agricultural research systems
Northeast Rainfed Agricultural Development Project
(Thailand)
Nitrogen Fixing Tree Association
National Grains Authority (Quezon City,
Philippines)


xii










NGO
NIEO
NOAA
NRDP
NRECA
NSW/ACT
OAS
OAU/STRC

OAU
ODA
ODI
OECD

OLC

ORD
ORSTOM

PAC
PACO
PAR
PARC
PASITA

PATA
PC
PCARR

PCARRD

PCCMCA

PGRCE
PN
PR
PRC
PROGETTAPS


PROTAAL

PSCPA

PTPA
RD
ROC
ROCAP
RPO
RRFH
RTN
s.l.


non-governmental organization
new international economic order
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
National Rural Development Project (Malawi)
National Rural Electric Cooperative Association
New South Wales/Australian Capital Territory
Organization of American States
Organization of African Unity/Scientific Technical
Research Commission
Organization of African Unity
Overseas Development Administration
Overseas Development Institute
Organization for Economic Cooperation and
Development
Overseas Liaison Committee (American Council on
Education)
Organisme regional de developpement
Office de la recherche scientifique et technique
outre-mer
Pakhribas Agricultural Centre (Nepal)
Project Agricole du Centre-Ouest (Ivory Coast)
planning-centered approach to research
Pakistan Agricultura Research Council
Program of Advanced Studies in Institution Building
and Technical Assistance Methodology
Provincially Administered Tribal Areas (Pakistan)
paper copy
Philippine Council for Agriculture and Resources
Research
Philippine Council for Agriculture and Resource
Research and Development
Program Cooperativo Centroamericano para el
Mejoramiento de Cultivos Alimenticios
Plant Genetic Resource Center for Ethiopia
publication number
progress report
People's Republic of China
Proyecto de Generaci6n y Transferencia de
Tecnologia Agropecuaria y Producci6n de Semillas
(Guatemala)
Proyecto Cooperative de Investigacion sobre
Tecnologia Agropecuaria en America Latina
Proyecto de Sistemas de Cultivo para Pequenos
Agricultores y del Istmo Centroamericano
Proyecto de Tecnologia para Pequenos Agricultores
reporting documents
Republic of China
Regional Office of Central American Programs
? (World Bank)/International Finance Corpcration
regular research field hearings
Research and Training Network
no location of publisher/printer.


xiii










s.n.
S&T/AGR/AP

SACUC

SADCC
SADDC
SAFGRAD

SAREC

SAT
SEADAG
SEARCA

SIRDO
SOA
SR-CRSP

SSRC/SERP

STRC/OAU

SURIF

T&V
TARO
TES
TFNC
TIF
Trans.
U.
UN
UN/ESCAP

UNAZA
UNDP/FAO

UNESCO

UNU
US
SAID
USDA
var.
VITA
VLS
VLS
vol., Vols.
WA
WARDA
WHO


no name of publisher/printer
Bureau for Science and Technology/Office of
Agriculture/?
Swaziland Agricultural College and University
Centre
Southern African Development Coordination Committee
Southern African Development Coordination Committee
Semi-Arid Food Grains Research and Development
Program
Swedish Agency for Research Cooperation with
Developing Countries
semi-arid tropics
Southeast Asian Development Advisory Group
Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study
and Research in Agriculture
Integrated System for Recycling Organic Wastes
School On-The-Air
Small Ruminant-Collaborative Research Support
Program (Germany)
Social Science Research Centre/Socio-Economic
Research Project
Scientific Technical Research
Commission/Organization of African Unity
Sukamandi Research Institute for Food Crops
(Subang, West Java, Indonesia)
training and visit system
Tanzania Agricultural Research Organization
typical (Developing Country) extension systems
Tanzania Food and Nutrition Centre
Technological Improvement File
translation
University
United Nations
United Nations/Economic and Social Commission for
Asia and the Pacific
? (Zaire)
United Nations Development Programme/Food and
Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and
Cultural Organization
United Nations University (Tokyo)
United States
United States Agency for International Development
United States Department of Agriculture
various (paging)
Volunteers in Technical Assistance
village level studies
village level studies
volume, volumes
West Africa
West Africa Rice Development Association
World Health Organization


xiv










WIADP Women in Agriculture (Development Project)
WIDRIC Women and International Development Research and
Information Center (U. of Minnesota, Minneapolis,
Minnesota)
Winrock Winrock International Institute for Agricultural
Development
WIP Winrock International publication
WIRFS Women in Rice Farming Systems
WP working papers
WSARP Western Sudan Agricultural Research Project











SUBJECT HEADINGS


I. FARMING SYSTEMS: DESCRIPTIVE (GENERAL AND INCLUSIVE) .
A. CROPPING PATTERNS . . . . .
1. POLYCULTURE . . . . .
2. DOUBLE OR TRIPLE CROPS
3. FALLOWING AND COVER CROPPING, TILLAGE SYSTEMS
4. CROP ROTATIONS
5. SHIFTING CULTIVATION . . . .
6. PLANTATIONS AND AGRO-SILVICULTURE . .
B. ANIMAL SYSTEMS . . . . .
C. MIXED SYSTEMS . . . . .
D. AQUACULTURE AND AGRICULTURE . . . .


II. PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL FACTORS . .
A. PHYSICAL FACTORS .........
1. LAND AND SOILS, FERTILIZER .
2. AGROCLIMATOLOGY . .
3. WATER AND WATER MANAGEMENT .
B. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS . . .
1. CROPS . . .
2. CROP PROTECTION . .
a. WEEDS
b. ANIMAL KINGDOM ..
c. FUNGI AND BACTERIA
3. ANIMALS . . .


III. HUMAN ELEMENT: EXOGENOUS FACTORS . . .
A. SOCIAL ORGANIZATION AND COMMUNITY STRUCTURE .
B. PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT (BUILT ENVIRONMENT)
C. COMMUNITY NORMS AND BELIEFS . . .
D. POPULATION, NUTRITION AND HEALTH .. ..
E. EXTERNAL INSTITUTIONS . . .
1. INFRASTRUCTURE, SUPPORT SYSTEMS . .
a. INPUT
aa. INPUT DISTRIBUTION .
bb. EXTENSION . .
cc. CREDIT . ..
b. OUTPUT . . . .
aa. MARKETING . .
bb. POSTHARVEST STORAGE .
cc. PROCESSING . .
2. POLICIES AND STRUCTURAL REFORM PROGRAMS .
F. TECHNOLOGICAL AND MECHANICAL FACTORS ... ..
1. MECHANIZATION (OTHER THAN ANIMAL TRACTION,
FALLS IN MIXED FARMING) .
2. ENERGY . .. ... ....
3. '. ;' .' T SFE . . .
1. APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY .........
5. RECOMMENDED TECHNOLOGY . .... ...


. .
. .CH


xvi


S . 4











IV. HUHAN ELEMENT: ENDOGENOUS FACTORS !HOUSEHOLD) ...
A. GOALS AND RISKS ..... ... .... .......
B. ECONOMIC INPUTS ...................
1. LAND . . . . . .
2. LABOR MANAGEMENT . . .. .
3. CAPITAL, FINANCE
C. ECONOMIC OUTPUT ...................
1. INCOME . . . . .
2. FOOD.. .. .............. .....


V. FARMING
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.


SYSTEMS RESEARCH METHODOLOGY . . . .
SURVEY TECHNIQUES (DESCRIPTIVE AND DIAGNOSTIC METHODS)
DESIGN OF IMPROVED TECHNOLOGY . . .
TESTING . . . . . .
FSR METHODOLOGY EXTENSION AND TRANSFER . .
SYSTEMS ANALYSIS ............... .....


VI. INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS IN IMPLEMENTATION OF FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH . . .... 72









































xvii










FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH BIBLIOGRAPHY:
1992 SUPPLEMENT


1 FARMING SYSTEMS: DESCRIPTIVE (GENERAL AND INCLUSIVE)


3356 AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION PRACTICES IN THE GAMBIA, 1989/90.
(1989/90 National Agricultural Sample Survey (NASS 89)). (1990)
Banjul, The Gambia: Ministry of Agriculture, Dept. of Planning,
National Agricultural Data Centre (NADC). (NASS Technical Bulletin
no.89-11) 22p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Gambia, national
programs and projects, surveys, reports, cropping systems,
technology GM.1

3357 CARACTERISTICAS DE LOS PEQUENOS PRODUCTORES EN ZONAS DE
IMBABURA, ECUADOR. (1982) Quito, Ecuador: Instituto de
Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP)/Universidad de Cornell, EEUU.
(CRSP Working Paper 82.2) 50p. KEYWORDS: INIAP, CIMMYT, Latin
America, South America, Ecuador, recommendation domains,
socioeconomic conditions, traditional farming, geography,
subsistence farming EC.1

3358 CHRISTINE'S ORGANIC FARM. IN: ILEIA Newsletter. Njoroge, J.
(1991) (Vol.7 no.1/2 p.46-47, May 1991) 2p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
East Africa, Kenya, women, organic farming, innovation adoption,
farmers' attitudes, integrated systems, labor, soil fertility,
inputs S494.5/.S86/I44

3359 ESTRUCTURA Y EVOLUCION DE LA PRODUCCI6N AGROPECUARIA EN EL
DEPARTMENTO DE PUNO: PERIODO 1970-1988. Ccama, F. (1990) Puno,
Peru: Proyecto de Investigaci6n de Sistemas Agropecuarios Andinos
(INII-PISA). (Estudio Tecnico No.l) 115p. KEYWORDS: Latin
America, South America, Peru, Andean region, national programs and
projects, production systems, economic analysis, crops, livestock,
prices, statistics ++

3360 LIST OF DOCUMENTS ON CROPPING SYSTEMS PREPARED AT CATIE.
(1983) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agron6mico Tropical de
Investigation y Ensehanza (CATIE). (Cumulative List no.10) 35p.
KEYWORDS: CATIE, bibliographies, agronomy, cropping systems,
research centers 1.A

3361 MODERN VERSUS PREHISTORIC AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN THE
CENTRAL ANDES: LOST STRATEGIES. (Society of Economic Anthropology
Meetings, April 3-4, 1987, Univ. of California at Riverside
(Draft)). Hastorf, C.A. (1987)* Stanford, Calif.: C.A. Hastorf,
Univ. of Minnesota and Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral
Sciences. 20p. KEYWORDS: South America, Latin America, Peru,
Andean region, traditional farming, community organization,
prehistoric agriculture, anthropology, archaeology, intensive
farming 1










3362 ONION GROWING IN SWAT: DIAGNOSING RESEARCH AND EXTENSION
PRIORITIES. Defoer, T. (1991) Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic
Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept. of Planning &
Development. (PATA Pub. 68) 48p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia,
Pakistan, onions, cash crops, traditional farming, agricultural
research, research methodology, environment, climatic factors,
socioeconomic conditions, labor requirements, marketing systems,
PATA Groundwater Irrigation Project PK.1

3363 QUESTIONS RELATED TO AGRICULTURE ON THE PERUVIAN ALTIPLANO:
RESEARCH RESULTS AND HYPOTHESIS FOR DEVELOPMENT. IN:
Ecodevelopment News. Morlon, P. (1981) (No.7 pg.23-27 & 38-41,
June 1981) 9p. KEYWORDS: South America, Latin America, Peru,
Andean region, Altiplano, highlands, climatic factors, soil types,
problem identification, indigenous knowledge systems PE.1

3364 SISTEMAS AGRICOLAS TRADICIONAIS E OS ELEMENTS DE
MODERNIZACAO NO SERTAO OCIDENTAL DA PARAIBA. Grabois, J. (1980)
Sao Jose do Rio Preto, Brazil: Universidade Estadual Paulista,
Insituto de Biociencias, Letras e Ciincias Exactas. (Inter -
Facies, No.22) 22p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America,
Brazil, traditional farming, modernization, cropping systems, sisal
BR.1

3365 TAIWAN'S SPECIALIZED VEGETABLE PRODUCTION AREAS: AN
INTEGRATED APPROACH. Menegay, M.R. (1975) Tainan, Taiwan,
R.O.C.: Asian Vegetable Research & Development Center (AVRDC).
(Technical Bulletin no.l) 17p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Taiwan,
vegetables, food supply, population growth, national programs and
projects, intensive production TW.AVR.1

3366 TERMINOLOGIES IN CROPPING SYSTEMS: "DEFINITIONS AND
PARAMETERS" (Lecture Notes). Zandstra, H.G. (1976)* s.l.: H.G.
Zandstra. 8p. KEYWORDS: cropping systems, farming systems,
terminology, cropping patterns,,yields, environmental factors 1

1.A CROPPING PATTERNS

3367 ALTERNATIVES TO MONOCULTURE IN THE HUMID TROPICS OF LATIN
AMERICA. IN: Professional Geographer. Dickinson, J.C. (1972)
(Vol.26 no.3 p.217-22, Aug. 1972) 4p. KEYWORDS: Latin America,
tropics, land use, energy, sustainable agriculture, monoculture,
polyculture, labor G3/.P7

3368 CROPPING SYSTEMS PROJECT: RAINFED RICE AREAS. (IRRI-PCAR
Cooperative Applied Research Project on Rainfed Rice). (1975)*
Manila, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute (IRRI).
12p. KEYWORDS: IRRI, development agencies, rice, rain-fed
farming, multiple cropping, project design, handbooks, cropping
systems PH.IRR.1.A









3369 RICE GROWING IN NORTHERN SWAT. van Nieuwkocp, M. (1990)
Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of
N.W.F.P., Dept. of Planning & Development. (PATA Pub. 56) 41p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan, rice, yields, cropping
systems, socioeconomic conditions, PATA Groundwater Irrigation
Project PK.1.A

3370 SISTEMAS DE PRODUCTION DE SORGO. (Presented at the Seminar
of the National Sorghum Program, Dominican Republic, March 26-27,
1984). Francis, C.A. (1984) Lincoln, Neb.: C.A. Francis, Univ.
of Nebraska. 7p. KEYWORDS: Central America, Latin America,
Dominican Republic, sorghum, cropping systems, climatic factors,
monocropping, polyculture DO.1.A

3371 SISTEMAS DE PRODUCTION Y TECNOLOGIA, DEL FREJOL ARBUSTIVO EN
PIMAMPIRO. Ardvalo, V. (1985) Quito, Ecuador: Instituto
Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias(INIAP)/Cornell Univ.
(INIAP-Cornell Bean/Cowpea CRSP) 21p. KEYWORDS: Latin America,
South America, Ecuador, INIAP, beans, maize, Bean/Cowpea CRSP, crop
rotations, cropping systems, plant diseases, fertilizers ++
(ACH0997)

3372 SOIL FERTILITY IMPLICATIONS OF CROPPING PATTERNS AND
PRACTICES FOR CASSAVA. IN: Intercropping with Cassava:
Proceedings of an International Workshop Held at Trivandrum. India,
27 Nov.-l Dec.. 1978. McIntosh, J.L. (1978) Ottawa, Can.:
International Development Research Center (IDRC). (p.77-85, 1978;
USAID Doc. No. PN-AAT-792-42087) 9p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast
Asia, Indonesia, cassava, cropping patterns, soil fertility,
interplanting, cropping systems SB211/.C3/I58/1978

3373 STRENGTHENING SORGHUM AND PEARL MILLET RESEARCH IN MALI.
Shetty, S.V.R. (1991) Patancheru, India: International Crops
Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). 84p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Sahel, Mali, ICRISAT, sorghum,
pearl millet, national programs and projects, cropping systems,
agronomy, plant breeding, recommendations, training ++

1.A.1 POLYCULTURE

3374 ABSTRACTS. ON INTERCROPPING. (1987) Eschborn, Germnay:
German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ). (Vol.5 1986) 224p.
KEYWORDS: bibliographies, intercropping, plant physiology, pests,
plant diseases,-fertilization, traditional farming, agroforestry,
soils, tropics 1.A.1










3375 DESIGN AND EVALUATION OF ALTERNATIVE PRODUCTION SYSTEMS:
PEARL MILLET/MAIZE AND CEREAL/GROUNDNUT SYSTEMS IN MALI. IN:
Soil, Crop and Water Management Systems for Rainfed Agriculture in
the Sudano-Sahelian Zone: Proceedings of an International
Workshop, January 11-16, 1987. ICRISAT Sahelian Center, Niamey,
Niger. Shetty, S.V.R. (1989) Patancheru, India: International
Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT).
(p.291-301; ICRISAT Conference Paper no.CP411) 11 p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, West Africa, Mali, evaluation, sorghum, pearl millet,
maize, groundnuts, experimental design, intercropping, cereals
S625/.S78/S6/1989

3376 EVALUATION OF YIELD STABILITY IN INTERCROPPING: STUDIES ON
SORGHUM/PIGEONPEA. IN: Experimental Agriculture. Rao, M.R.
(1980) (Vol.16 p.105-16, 1980) 12p. KEYWORDS: ICRISAT,
sorghum, pigeon peas, yields, intercropping, monocropping, research
methodology S3/.E9

3377 FARMERS INNOVATED PRACTICE OF GROWING CHILLI. IN: ILEIA
Newsletter. Basak, N.L. (1991) (Vol.7 no.4 p.29-30, Dec. 1991)
2p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Bangladesh, chillies, Sesbania,
indigenous knowledge systems, traditional farming, innovation
adoption, technology development, cropping systems
S494.5/.S86/I44

1.A.3 FALLOWING AND COVER CROPPING. TILLAGE SYSTEMS

3378 MODIFICACIONES A UNA SISTEMA TRADITIONAL DE CERO LABRANZA
PARA LA PRODUCTION DE MAIZ EN LA ZONA ATLANTICA DE COSTA RICA.
(Presentado en 28th Reuni6n Anual del Programa Cooperativo
Centroamericano para el Mejoramiento de Cultivos Alimenticios,
22-26 de Marzo, 1982, San Jose, Costa Rica). Shenk, M. (1982)*
Turrialba, Costa Rica: M. Shenk, Centro Agron6mico Tropical de
Investigaci6n y Ensefanza (CATIE) 7p. KEYWORDS: Latin America,
Central America, Costa Rica, traditional farming, maize, tillage
systems, cropping systems, weed control CR.1.A.3

1.A.5 SHIFTING CULTIVATION

3379 DEVELOPMENT OF SWIDDEN AGRICULTURE (SHIFTING CULTIVATION).
IN: Development and Change. Grandstaff, T. (1978) (Vol.9
p.547-79, 1978) 17p. KEYWORDS: shifting cultivation,
socioeconomic conditions, fallow, history, recommended technology
1.A.5










PLANTATIONS AND AGRO-SILVICULTURE


3380 AGRO-FORESTRY SYSTEMS IN LATIN AMERICA: WORKSHOP PROCEEDINGS.
(Workshop sponsored by United Nations Univ. and CATIE). (1979)
Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion
y Ensehanza, Program of Natural Renewable Resources. 80p.
KEYWORDS: CATIE, Latin America, agroforestry, case studies,
livestock, soil management LATIN AMERICA.1.A.6

3381 AGROFORESTRY SEEDS. IN: Sustainable Agriculture Newsletter.
Fernandez, P.G. (1990) (Vol.2 no.3, Sept. 1990) 44p. KEYWORDS:
sustainable agriculture, seeds, seed production, agroforestry,
reforestation, information exchange, institutional resources, seed
testing 1.A.6

3382 CURA O BENEFICIO DEL CACAO. (Curso Corto, Nicaragua; Nov.
16-18, 1982). Enriquez, G.A. (1982) Turrialba, Costa Rica:
Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensefanza (CATIE)
99p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Nicaragua, CATIE,
cocoa, agricultural education, tree crops, processing, postharvest
technology NI.1.A.6

3383 EFECTO DE CUATRO METODOS DE TRANSPLANT EN EL DESAROLLO DE
PARKIA VELUTINA DURANTE LOS PRIMEROS SEIS MESES DE PLANTACION.
Blaser, J. (1985) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agronomico
Tropical de Investigacion y Ensenanza (CATIE), Dept. de Recursos
Naturales Renovables. 18p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South
America, Peru, CATIE, silviculture, plantations, Parkia velutina,
reforestation PE.1.A.6

3384 ERYTHRINA: NEGLECTED MULTIPURPOSE TREES OF THE TROPICS.
Muthuchelian, K. [1990?] s.1.: s.n. (Also available from Heifer
Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203;
tel.:501-376-6836; request no.6610) ip. KEYWORDS: agroforestry,
tropics, fodder, fuels, soil fertility, green manures 1.A.6

3385 EVALUATING NITROGEN FIXING TREES ON SMALL FARMS. IN: NFTA
News. Roshetko, J. (1991) (No.13 p.1-2, Dec. 1991; Also
available from Heifer Project International., P.O. Box 808, Little
Rock, Ark., 72203; tel:501-376-6836; request no.6507) 2p.
KEYWORDS: NFTA, Latin America, Caribbean, Jamaica, agroforestry,
nitrogen fixation, fodder crops JM.1.A.6

3386 FORESTS, TREES AND PEOPLE. Clarke, R. (1985) Rome, Italy:
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO),
Forestry Dept. (Forestry Topics Report no.2, March 1985) 40p.
KEYWORDS: FAO, forestry, agroforestry, tree crops, resource
management, cooperatives, development agencies, case studies,
communizy forces tr, social forestry i.A.6


1.A.6










3387 ON-FARM VARIETY TRIAL OF MAIZE UNDER COCONUT IN DAVAO DEL
SUR, PHILIPPINES. (Paper submitted for presentation at the llth
Annual FSR/E Symposium, Michigan State Univ., E. Lansing, Mich.,
Oct. 5-10, 1991). Satorre, C.E. (1991)* Davao City, Philippines:
C.E. Satorre, Dept. of Agriculture. 14p. KEYWORDS: Asia,
Southeast Asia, Philippines, national programs and projects, maize,
CIMMYT, geography, cropping systems, on-farm research, economic
analysis, yields, coconut, intercropping PH.1.A.6

3388 OVERVIEW OF TREEPLANTING ON SMALL FARMS IN THE TROPICS. IN:
Multipurpose Tree Species for Small-Farm Use: Proceedings of an
International Workshop held Nov. 2-5. 1987 in Pattaya. Thailand.
Evans, J. (1988) Arlington, Va./Ottawa, Canada: Winrock
International Institute for Agricultural Development/International
Development Research Centre (IDRC). 5p. KEYWORDS: tropics,
agroforestry, tree crops, farmers' attitudes, integrated systems,
extension, objectives SB172/.M86/1988

3389 POTENTIAL DE LA PRODUCTION FRUTAL ASOCIADA A LA PRODUCTION DE
CACAO EN LA REGION BRUNCA DE COSTA RICA. Jiminez, G. (1982)
Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion
y Ensefanza (CATIE), Dept. de Produccion de Vegetal. 19p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Costa Rica, CATIE, fruit
trees, cocoa, cropping patterns, interplanting, technology
transfers, plantations CR.CAT.1.A.6


1.B ANIMAL SYSTEMS

3390 "EL CUY" A PRODUCTIVE SOURCE OF MEAT IN THE ANDES. Chauca
F., L. [1986?]* s.l.: L.Chauca F., Insituto Nacional de
Investigation Agraria y Agroindustrial (INIAA). 10p. KEYWORDS:
Latin America, South America, Andean region, Peru, guinea pigs,
food, livestock, animal husbandry PE.1.B

3391 CHICKEN TILLER. IN: Heifer Project Exchange. Gudahl, D.
(1989) (no.51 p.l, Nov.-Dec. 1989; Also Available from Heifer
Project International; P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203, tel:
501-376-6836; request no.5101) 3p. KEYWORDS: poultry, chickens,
livestock management, animal husbandry, appropriate technology
1.B

3392 COMPARISON BETWEEN THE PRODUCTIVITY OF TRADITIONAL LIVESTOCK
SYSTEMS AND RANCHING IN EASTERN BOTSWANA. IN: ILCA Newsletter.
de Ridder, N. (1984) (Vol.3 no.3 p.5-7, July 1984.) 3p.
KEYWORDS: ILCA, Africa, Southern Africa, Botswana, traditional
farming, pastoral systems, ranching, livestock, animal production,
stocking rate, milk production, meat production SFl/.I22









3393 FEEDING PIGS ON LOCAL RAW MATERIALS. IN: Developing World
Agriculture, 1991. Machin, D. (1991) London: Grosvenor Press
International Ltd. (p.158-65) 8p. KEYWORDS: pigs, feeding, cost
benefit analysis, waste utilization, silage, fodder, forage
S482/.D48/1991

3394 FODDER HEDGES WITHIN DAIRY PROJECTS. IN: ILEIA Newsletter.
van Gelden, B. (1990) (Vol.6 no.2 p.16-17, June 1990; Also
available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little
Rock, Ark. 72203; tel.: 501-376-6836; request no.5505) 2p.
KEYWORDS: ILEIA, Africa, East Africa, Kenya, fodder, dairy cattle,
protein, on-farm trials, hedges, feed S494.5/.S86/I44 (Dev.Co.)

3395 HOW WATER SHORTAGE CAN BENEFIT PASTORAL SOCIETY. IN: ILCA
Newsletter. Nicholson, M. (1986) (Vol.5 no.2 p.4&7, April 1986)
2p. KEYWORDS: ILCA, Africa, East Africa, Ethiopia, cattle,
pastoral systems, water conservation, traditional farming,
indigenous knowledge systems, feeding, animal nutrition, labor
allocation, drought SF1/.I22

3396 IMPLEMENTATION DE UN MODELO DE TRANSFERENCIA DE TECNOLOGIA
PECUARIA EN LA COSTA SUR DE GUATEMALA. (Paper submitted to the
11th Annual FSRE Symposium, Michigan State Univ., E. Lansing,
Mich., Oct 5-10, 1991). Archila C., W. [1991?]* Guatemala: W.
Archila C., Rural Development Project for small producers in Zacapa
and Chiquimula/International Fund for Agricultural Development
(FIDA). 8p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America,
Guatemala, livestock, cattle, models, technology transfers,
statistical analysis, PROGETTAPS GT.1.B

3397 INDO-SWISS PROJECT KERALA, 1963-1990: A CASE STUDY OF AN
INTEGRATED DAIRY CATTLE DEVELOPMENT PROJECT. (Paper prepared for
Tanzanian Dairy Development Conference, Feb. 20-22J, 1990).
Schneider, F. (1990) Bern Switzerland: F. Schneider,
Intercooperation. (Also available from Heifer Project
International, P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203;
tel:501-376-6836; request no.6506) 29p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South
Asia, India, dairy cattle, case studies, breeding, livestock
feeding, milk production, geography IN.1.B

3398 LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION IN CENTRAL MALI. IN: ILCA Bulletin.
Wilson, R.T. (1982) (No.15, March 1982) 23p. KEYWORDS: ILCA,
Africa, West Africa, Mali, livestock, arid regions, semiarid zones,
cattle, livestock production, population density SF15/.A25/Ill

3399 MOLASSES COULD HELP COMBAT AFRICA'S DROUGHT. IN: TLCA
Newsletter. Chater, S. (1984) (Vol.3 no.4 p.3-4,8, Oct. 1984)
3p. KEYWORDS: ILCA, Africa, East Africa, Ethiopia, feed supply,
molasses, urea, drought, animal health, waste utilization
SFI/.I22










3400 OUKAIMEDENE: A HIGH MOUNTAIN AGDAL. (Paper to be presented
at workshop on Common Property Management in Annapolis, Maryland,
April 21-26, 1985). Gilles, J.L. (1985)* Columbia, Mo.: J.L.
Gilles, Univ. of Missouri. 23p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North
Africa, Morocco, rangeland, desertification, traditional farming,
indigenous knowledge systems, communal grazing, range management,
pastoral systems MA.1.B

3401 POULTRY MANAGEMENT IN THE TROPICS ON THE VILLAGE LEVEL.
Francis, M. (1968)* Tanzania: Sr. Mary. Francis, Maryknoll
Sisters. (Also available from Heifer Project International., P.O.
Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel:501-376-6836; request
no.5009) 40p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Tanzania, village
level studies, poultry, livestock, tropics, socioeconomic
conditions, development planning TZ.1.B

3402 PROBLEMS WITH POULTRY. Carter, M. [n.d.]* (p.7-9; Also
available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little
Rock, Ark. 72203; tel.:501-376-6836; request no.6605) 3p.
KEYWORDS: poultry, chickens, feed requirements, poultry feeding,
handbooks, animal health 1.B

3403 PRODUCTION, STORAGE AND FEEDING OF HERBACEOUS FORAGES TO
SUPPORT RUMINANT LIVESTOCK IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES OF THE TROPICS
AND SUBTROPICS. Sprague, H.B. [n.d.] Washington, D.C.:. United
States Agency for International Development (USAID), Bureau for
Science and Technology, Office of Agriculture. (Agricultural
Technology for Developing Countries, Technical Series Bulletin
no.27, USAID Doc. no.PN-AAM-014) 58p. KEYWORDS: animal feeding,
ruminants, forage crops, soil management, manures, feeding,
grasses, legumes, animal traction 1.B

3404 RAISE AND EAT YOUR OWN IGUANAS. IN: International Ag-Sieve.
(1989) D. Werner, FPIV, Apdo 1501-3000, Heredia, Costa Rica.
(Vol.2 no.5 p.1-2, 1989; Also available from Heifer Project
International., Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel:501-376-6836; request
no.5109) 2p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America,
livestock, iguanas, conservation, meat production, alternative
technology LATIN AMERICA.1.B

3405 RANGELAND RESEARCH FOR INCREASING SMALL RUMINANT PRODUCTION.
IN: Partners in Research: A Five Year Report of the Small
Ruminant Collaborative Research Support Program. O'Rourke, J.T.
(1983) Davis, Calif.: Univ. of California. (p.131-36) 6p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Morocco, SR-CRSP, breeding, land
use, range management, forage, small ruminants, pastoral systems
MA.1.B










3406 VEGETATION ET LES RESOURCES FOURRAGERES DANS LES SYSTEMS
PASTORAUX. IN: Pastoral Systems Research in Sub-Saharan Africa:
Proceedings of the IDRC/ILCA Workshop. ILCA. Addis Ababa, March
21-24. 1983). Hiernaux, P. (1983) Addis Ababa, Ethiopia:
International Livestock Centre For Africa (ILCA). (p.113-131,
English Summary; USAID Doc.no. PN-AAT-641) 19p. KEYWORDS: ILCA,
Africa, West Africa, Mali, forage, pastoral systems, livestock
feeding, constraints, vegetation mapping S542/.A4/P3

3407 WHERE HAVE ALL THE LIVESTOCK GONE? IN: ILCA Newsletter.
Bourn, D. (1987) (Vol.6 no.l p.3-4, Jan. 1987) 2p. KEYWORDS:
ILCA, Africa, West Africa, Niger, drought, cattle, camels,
livestock, animal health, surveys SF1/.I22

3408 WILL TURKEY TAKE THE BIRD? IN: African Farming. Morgan, D.
(1991) (p.9-12, March/April 1991) 3p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
turkeys, poultry, intensive production, livestock production
AFRICA.1.B

1.C MIXED SYSTEMS

3409 ANIMAL DRAUGHT TECHNOLOGY: AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY.
Bartlett, J. (1984) Norwich, England: Univ. of East Anglia,
School of Development Studies. (Bibliography no.2, Feb. 1984)
90p. KEYWORDS: bibliographies, animal traction, draft animals,
appropriate technology Z5074/.D73/B27/1984

3410 ANIMAL POWERED SYSTEMS: AN ALTERNATIVE APPROACH TO
AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION. Lowe, P. (1986) Wiesbaden, Germany:
Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgellschaft mbh. (Publication of
Deutsches Zentrum fir Entwicklungstechnologien (GATE)) 60p.
KEYWORDS: animal power, animal traction, draft animals,
appropriate technology TJ830/.L64/1986

3411 ANIMAL-DRAWN IMPLEMENTS FOR SMALL FARMS IN MEXICO. IN:
Developing World Agriculture. 1990. Sims, B.G. (1990) London:
Grosvenor Press International Ltd. (p.157-63) 7p. KEYWORDS:
Latin America, Mexico, animal traction, appropriate technology,
implements, mechanization S482/.D48/1990

3412 COMPATIBLE LIVESTOCK. IN: International Agricultural
Development. (1991) (Vol.11 no.5 p.13-14, Sept./Oct. 1991; Also
available from Heifer Project International., P.O. Box 808, Little
Rock, Ark. 72203; tel: 501-376-6836; request no.6309) 2p.
KEYWORDS: Kenya, East Africa,.Africa, mixed systems, livestock,
dairy farming, alternative agriculture, population growth, grazing
patterns, national programs and projects HD1401/.I5









3413 CROP LIVESTOCK INTERACTIONS: ENTRY POINT FOR APPROPRIATE
TECHNOLOGY. Cornick, T.R. [n.d.] Ithaca, N.Y.: T.R. Cornick,
Cornell Univ. 2p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Philippines,
Latin America, Ecuador, mixed systems, .appropriate technology
1.C

3414 CUTTING BOX: A SIMPLE TOOL FOR IMPROVING ANIMAL TRACTION
FARMING IN SOMALIA. IN: Tillers Report. Mire, Y.A. (1990)
(Vol.10 no.2 p.8-10, Summer 1990) 3p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East
Africa, Somalia, animal traction, constraints, feed supply, forage,
fodder, appropriate technology S683/.T55/v.10/no.2

3415 DRAUGHT ANIMAL POWER. Barton, D. (1983) Norwich, England:
Univ. of East Anglia, School of Development Studies. (Discussion
Paper no.125) 19p. KEYWORDS: animal traction, draft animals,
oxen, cattle, horses, appropriate technology, case studies, energy
requirements SF180/.B37/1983

3416 DUCK RAISING IN VIETNAM. IN: Asian Livestock. Dong, L.X.
(1991) (Vol.16 no.9 p.97-100, Sept. 1991; Also available from
Heifer Project International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark.
72203, tel: 501-376-6836; request no.6405) 4p. KEYWORDS: Asia,
Southeast Asia, Vietnam, livestock, ducks, Hungary, case studies,
fish, aquaculture, fodder, integrated systems, mixed farming
VN.1.C

3417 EFFECTS OF CROP/LIVESTOCK INTERACTION ON LIVESTOCK
PRODUCTION. McDowell, R.E. [1985?] Ithaca, N.Y.: R.E. McDowell,
Cornell Univ. 21p. KEYWORDS: tropics, subtropics, livestock,
ruminants, swine, poultry, feeding habits, cash crops, cropping
systems, national programs and projects 1.C

3418 ENQUETE SUR LA RENTABILITE DE LA CULTURE ATTELEE DANS UNE
ZONE SAHELIENNE. Tahirou, A. (1992) Niamey, Niger: Institut
National de Recherches Agronomiques du Niger, Departement de
Recherches en Economie Rurale. (Programme de Recherche sur le
Systems de Production Agricole, Doc. no.25F) 101p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, West Africa, Niger, appropriate technology, surveys, cost
benefit analysis, animal traction, economics, production systems,
draft animals NE.1.C

3419 IMPORTANCE OF DAP IN THE THIRD WORLD. IN: Cartman.
Ramaswamy, N.S. [n.d.] (Vol.1 no.2 p.23-30; also available from
Heifer Project International, Request No. 4603) 8p. KEYWORDS:
animal traction, draft animals, economic analysis 1.C










3420 INTEGRATED FARMING FOR A SECURE FUTURE. IN: World Neighbors
in Action. (1990) (Vol.20 no.4E, 1990; Also available from
Heifer Project International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock Ark.,
72203; tel: 501-376-6836; request no.5609) 8p. KEYWORDS: Asia,
Southeast Asia, Indonesia, traditional farming, shifting
cultivation, livestock, integrated systems ID.1.C

3421 NUTRITION AND FEEDING SYSTEMS RESEARCH. IN: Partners in
Research: A Five Year Report of the Small Ruminant Collaborative
Research Support Program. Johnson, W.L. (1983) Davis, Calif.:
Univ. of California. (p.126-29) 4p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North
Africa, Morocco, SR-CRSP, animal nutrition, sheep, goats, small
ruminants, mixed farming, livestock feeding, byproducts MA.1.C

3422 PROLIFICACY AND PRODUCTIVITY OF MOROCCAN BREEDS OF SHEEP AND
THEIR CROSSES. IN: Partners in Research: A Five Year Report of
the Small Ruminant Collaborative Research Support Program.
Bradford, G.E. (1983) Davis, Calif.: Univ. of California.
(p.123-25) 3p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Morocco, SR-CRSP,
animal production, land use, sheep, animal fertility, mixed
farming, breeding MA.1.C

3423 REGENERATING FARMING SYSTEMS AFTER DROUGHT: ILCA'S OX/SEED
PROJECT. IN: ILCA Newsletter. Gryseels, G. (1986) (Vol.5 no.l
p.1-3, January 1986) 3p. KEYWORDS: ILCA, Africa, East Africa,
Ethiopia, drought, famine, oxen, dryland farming, project design,
innovation adoption, seeds SF1/.I22

3424 TOGO IMPROVES OX YOKES. IN: Tillers Report. Rice, P.M.
(1992) (Vol.11 no.l p.l&17-18, Spring 1992) 3p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, West Africa, Togo, draft animals, oxen, animal traction,
animal power, farmer participation, technology transfers,
innovation adoption,' technology development S683/.T55/v.ll/no.l

3425 TREE PLANTING AND LIVESTOCK DON'T MIX...OR DO THEY? IN:
Agroforestry Today. Thapa, B. (1991) (p.11-13, Apr.-June 1991;
Also available from Heifer Project International., P.O. Box 808,
Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel: 501-376-6836; request no.6402) 3p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Nepal, deforestation, national
programs and projects, PAC, agroforestry, livestock, mixed farming
NP.1.C

3426 TURNING THE ARK: NEW DIRECTIONS FOR ANIMAL AGRICULTURE.
(Special Report). Krcil, L. (1991) Walthill, Neb.: Center for
Rural Affairs. (Sept. 1991; Also available from Heifer Project
International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel:
501-376-6836; request no. 6302) 4p. KEYWORDS: US, livestock,
sustainable agriculture, family farms, integrated systems, cropping
systems, livestock management, rural development US.1.C









3427 UNCONVENTIONAL FEEDSTUFFS FOR LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION. (Paper
presented at the 8th Annual Institute on Livestock in Development,
New Windsor Service Center, Maryland, August 11-16, 1991). Iyayi,
E.A. (1991)* Njoro, Kenya: E.A. Iyayi, Edgerton Univ. Dept. of
Physical Sciences. 20p. KEYWORDS: feedstuffs, livestock,
nutrition, appropriate technology, economic analysis, coffee, sweet
potatoes, cassava, byproducts, waste utilization 1.C

1.D AQUACULTURE AND AGRICULTURE

3428 AQUACULTURE AS A FARMING SYSTEM: POTENTIALS AND LIMITATIONS
OF THE FSR APPROACH. Molnar, J.J. (1983) Auburn, Ala.: Auburn
Univ., Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, International
Center for Aquaculture. 24p. KEYWORDS: aquaculture, fish
farming, socioeconomic conditions, farming systems theory 1.D

3429 ECONOMIC VIABILITY AND FARMERS' ASSESSMENT OF A NEW
TECHNOLOGY. (Paper submitted for presentation at the llth Annual
FSR/E Symposium, Michigan State Univ., E. Lansing, Mich., Oct.
5-10, 1991). Gupta, M.V. [1991?]* Manila, Philippines: M.V.
Gupta, International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management
(ICLARM). 16p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Bangladesh, fish,
tilapia, economic analysis, farmers' attitudes BD.1.D

2 PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL FACTORS

3430 DOMINIOS DE RECOMENDACION PARA TRIGO, CEBADA Y AVENA EN
COCHABAMBA. Stilwell, T.C. (1982) Cochabamba, Bolivia:
Institute Boliviano de Technologia Agropecuaria (IBTA), Ministerio
de Asuntos Campesinos y Agropecuarios. 51p. KEYWORDS: South
America, Latin America, Bolivia, wheat, barley, oats,
recommendation domains, fertilizers, pesticides BO.2

3431 POTATO GROWING IN BUNER. van Nieuwkoop, M. (1989)
Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of
N.W.F.P, Dept. of Planning & Development. (Technical Report 36)
18p. KEYWORDS: Pakistan, Asia, South Asia, potatoes, cropping
systems, surveys, national programs and projects, PATA Groundwater
Irrigation Project, seeds, yields, fertilizers, manures, plant
diseases PK.2

3432 PROSPECTS FOR ASIAN RICE PRODUCTION. IN: Food Research
Institute Studies. Herdt, R.W. (1977) (Vol.16 no.3 p.184-203,
1977-78) 20p. KEYWORDS: Asia, rice, rice production, food
supply, nutrition, food production, varietal improvement,
fertilizers, models ASIA.2

3433 STRATEGIC PRUNING OF LEUCAENA FOR OPTIMUM HERBAGE YIELD. IN:
Leucaena Research Reports. (1991) (Vol.12 p.75-77, 1991, Also
available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little
Rock, Ark. 72203; tel.:501-376-6836; request no.6608) 3p.
KEYWORDS: Leucaena, fodder crops, biomass, pruning 2









2.A PHYSICAL FACTORS

3434 ETUDE METHODOLOGIQUE D'UN PARCELLAIRE D'EXPLOITATION AGRICOLE
EN TANT QUE SYSTEME. IN: Agronomie. Morlon, P. (1990)
(p.499-508, June 1990) 10p. KEYWORDS: research methodology,
field tests, constraints, land use SB7/.A36

3435 SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION IN THE FARMING AREAS OF LESOTHO:
A REVIEW AND SOME PROPOSALS. IN: Extent of Soil Erosion -
Regional Comparisons. E. Baum, P. Wolff, M. Z6bisch, eds. Wenner,
C.G. (1989) Witzenhausen, Germany: German Institute for Tropical
and Subtropical Agriculture. (p.57-86; Topics in Applied Resource
Management in the Tropics, Vol.1) 16p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
Southern Africa, Lesotho, soil conservation, water conservation,
soil management, water management, environmental degradation,
erosion, terracing, soil fertility, project evaluation, project
proposals S627/.C53/E97/1989

3436 SYNTHESE DES ACTIVITIES DE RECHERCHE DE LA DRSPR SUR
L'AMENAGEMENT ANTI-EROSIF (1986-1989). van der Poel, P. (1990)
Sikasso, Mali/Amsterdam: Ministere de L'Agriculture, Institut
d'Economie Rurale/Koninkliyk Instituut voor de Tropen (KIT). (KIT
Publication) 20p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sahel, West Africa, Mali,
national programs and projects, erosion, soil conservation,
drainage, water management, ecology, alley cropping, constraints
MALI.2.A

3437 AGROFORESTRY FOR SOIL FERTILITY MAINTENANCE IN THE COMMUNAL
LANDS OF ZIMBABWE'S SEMI-ARID AREAS. IN: GATE. Kotschi, J.
(1990) (p.39-42, April 1990; Also available from Hiefer Project
International, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel: 501-376-6836; request
no.6209) 4p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Southern Africa, Zimbabwe,
agroforestry, soil fertility, communal forestry, common lands,
traditional farming, afforestation, livestock feeding, erosion,
fuelwood, fodder crops ZM.2.A

2.A.1 LAND AND SOILS. FERTILIZER

3438 AVALIAQAO ECONOMIC DE AGROECOSISTEMAS COM MILHO E FEIJAO NO
BREJO PARAIBANO. IN: Agropecuria Tecnica. (Paper presented at
the 19th Brasilian Congress on Economics and Rural Sociology, July
19-23, 1981). Zaffaroni, E. (1981) (Vol.2 no.2 p.87-97, 1981)
1lp. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Brazil, cropping
systems, intercropping, maize, beans, Phaseolus vulgaris,
fertilizers, field tests, economic analysis BR.2.A.1









3439 CROP-LIVESTOCK INTERACTIONS AFFECTING SOIL FERTILITY IN
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA. IN: International Ag-Sieve. (1990) (Vol.3
no.6 p.4-5, 1990; Also available from Heifer Project
International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203;
tel:501-376-6836; request no.6105) 2p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
manures, soil fertility, crops, livestock, mulches, fertilizers
AFRICA.2.A.1

3440 EFEITO DE SISTEMAS CULTIVO DO FEIJOEIRO (PHASEOLUS VULGARIS
L.): EM ALGUMAS CARACTERISTICAS FISICAS DO SOLO. IN:
Agropecuaria Tecnica. Zaffaroni, E. (1981) (Vol.2 no.2
p.111-19, 1981) 9p. KEYWORDS: Brazil, Latin America, South
America, cultivation methods, no-tillage systems, beans, soil
preparation, Phaseolus vulgaris BR.2.A.1

3441 FARM ANIMAL MANURE AND URINE IMPROVE YOUR SOIL. (1990)
Toronto, Canada: Developing Countries Farm Radio Network, 595 Bay
Street, 9th Floor, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 2C3. (Radio
script: 855 words, approx. 6 min.; Package 18, Item 3, June 1990.
Heifer Project International. no.6410) 5p. KEYWORDS: manures,
compost, nutrient cycles, fertilizers, soil fertility, appropriate
technology, training, radio, diffusion of information 2.A.1

3442 LONG TERM FERTILITY STUDIES AT SAMARU. I. Direct and
Residual Effects of Single Superphosphate and Farm Yard Manure on
Yields of Cotton, Sorghum and Groundnuts Grown in a Rotation.
Baker, E.F. (1977) Zaria, Nigeria: Ahmadu Bello Univ., Institute
for Agricultural Research, Samaru. (Samaru Miscellaneous Paper 67)
6p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Nigeria, soil fertility,
cotton, sorghum, groundnuts, crop rotations, superphosphate,
manures, fertilizers, surveys NG.2.A.1

3443 LONG TERM FERTILITY STUDIES AT SAMARU NIGERIA. III.
Comparative Effectiveness of Separate and Combined Applications of
Mineral Fertilizers and Farmyard Manure in Maintaining Soil
-Productivity under Continuous Cultivation in the Savannah.
Abdullahi, A. (1978) Zaria, Nigeria: Ahmadu Bello Univ.,
Institute for Agricultural Research, Samaru. (Samaru Miscellaneous
Paper 75) 12p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Nigeria,
fertilizers, fertilizer application, manures, cotton, sorghum,
groundnuts, yields, continuous cropping, soil productivity, surveys
NG.2.A.1

3444 MAINTAINING SOIL FERTILITY. Carter, I. [n.d.]* (p.6-7;
Also available from Heifer Project International., P.O. Box 808,
Little Rock, Ark., 72203; tel: 501-376-6836; request no.6205) 2p.
KEYWORDS: soils, soil fertility, compost, manures, green manures,
mulches 2.A.1










3445 NATURAL FERTILIZERS: NEW LIFE FOR TIRED SOILS. IN: African
Farmer. Ouattara, S. (1991) (No.6 p.21-27, Dec. 1991; Also
available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little
Rock, Ark. 72203; tel.:501-376-6836; request no.6604) 7p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, fertilizers, manures, green manures, compost,
yields S23/.A37/1

3446 NOTAS SOBRE EL USO DE LA TIERRA. Komives, R. (1985)
Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agonomico Tropical Ensehanza
(CATIE). 7p. KEYWORDS: CATIE, resource use, land management,
conservation 2.A.1

3447 ORGANIC FERTILIZERS AS AN ALTERNATIVE FOR SOILS AND CROPS.
IN: CEMAT's Publication on Appropriate Technologies. RED Bulletin.
[n.d.] (p.8-10; Also available from Heifer Project
International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203,
tel:501-376-6836, request no.5607) 3p. KEYWORDS: fertilizers,
soils, crops, green manures, compost, manures 2.A.1

3448 POTENTIAL OF AGROFORESTRY FOR SOIL CONSERVATION AND
SUSTAINABLE LAND USE. IN: Extent of Soil Erosion Regional
Comparisons. E. Baum, P. Wolff, M. Z6bisch, eds. Young, A.
(1989) Witzenhausen, Germany: German Institute for Tropical and
Subtropical Agriculture. (p.35-55; Topics in Applied Resource
Management in the Tropics, Vol.1) lip. KEYWORDS: soil
conservation, soil management, conservation, agroforestry, erosion,
soil fertility, socioeconomic constraints, sustainability, policy
S627/.C53/E97/1989

3449 PROCESSES OF DESERTIFICATION AND THE CHOICE OF INTERVENTIONS.
Jodha, N.S. (1979) Hyderabad, India: International Crops
Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). (Progress
Report 2, Economics Program) 18p. KEYWORDS: ICRISAT, Asia, South
Asia, India, desertification, environmental degradation, indigenous
knowledge systems, land reform IN.2.A.1

3450 SOIL AS A FACTOR AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE
TROPICS. IN: Developing World Agriculture, 1990. Murdoch, G.
(1990) London: Grosvenor Press International Ltd. (p.103-11)
9p. KEYWORDS: tropics, soils, environmental degradation, soil
fertility, soil management, soil classification, agricultural
development S482/.D48/1990

3451 SOIL SURVEY AND CROP PRODUCTION. IN: Farming Systems
Newsletter. Muchena, F.N. (1980) (p.13-18, Oct. 1980) 6p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, soil surveys, crop
production, soil classification, geography KE.2.A.1










3452 SULFUR RESPONSE OF MAIZE IN WESTERN NIGERIA. IN: Agronomy
Journal. Kang, B.T. (1976) (Vol.68 no.2 p.333-336, Mar./Apr.
1976, IITA Journal Reprint Series 50) 4p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West
Africa, Nigeria, field tests, maize, sulfur, soil fertility,
fertilizers, IITA S22/.A7

3453 YOUR TINIEST LIVESTOCK. IN: Farm Journal. Steel, S.
(1990) (January 1990; Also available from Heifer Project
International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock Ark. 72203; tel.:
501-376-6836; request no.5507) 2p. KEYWORDS: sustainable
agriculture, microorganisms, ecology, inputs, soil management, soil
fertility, organic farming S1/.F25

2.A.2 AGROCLIMATOLOGY

3454 ANALYSIS OF AVERAGE ANNUAL RAINFALL ZONES IN THE SEMI-ARID
TROPICS OF INDIA, AFRICA AND BRAZIL. Ryan, J.G. (1975)*
Hyderabad, India: International Crops Research Institute for the
Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). 8p. KEYWORDS: semiarid tropics,
India, Africa, Brazil, ICRISAT, precipitation, agroclimatology,
land classification 2.A.2

3455 TIME, PHENOLOGY AND THE YIELDS OF CROPS. IN: Weather.
Bunting, A.H. (1975) (Vol.30 p.312-25. 1975) 7p. KEYWORDS:
meteorology, agronomy, weather, climate, crops, biomass, yields,
plant physiology QC85/.W4

2.A.3 WATER AND WATER MANAGEMENT

3456 IRRIGATION AND HUMAN WELFARE: A WORKSHOP REPORT. Small
L.E. (1984) New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers Univ., Cook College,
International Agricultural and Food Program. (Working Paper No. 4)
29p. KEYWORDS: irrigation, water management, technology analysis,
project design, project implementation, health, sanitation,
diseases, environment 2.A.3

3457 IRRIGATION PLANNING TO TRANSFORM SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE:
LESSONS FROM EL SALVADOR. IN: Human Ecology. Quiroga, E.R.
(1984) (Vol.12 no.2 p.183-201, 1984) 10p. KEYWORDS: Latin
America, Central America, El Salvador, irrigation, subsistence
farming, technological change, productivity, institutions
GF1/.H84

3458 IRRIGATION RESEARCH INSTITUTE, RESEARCH REPORT 1981/82 -
1983/84. (1984) Tatura, Victoria, Australia: Dept. of
Agriculture, Irrigation Research Institute. 99p. KEYWORDS:
Australia, reports, irrigation, fuel crops, soil management, water
management, salinity, horticulture AU.2.A.3









3459 IRRIGATION SYSTEM MANAGEMENT RESEARCH AND SELECTED
METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES. Bhuiyan, S.I. (1982) Manila, Philippines:
International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). (IRRI Research Paper
Series no. 81, Oct. 1982) 9p. KEYWORDS: Asia, IRRI, rice,
irrigation, water use, water management, methodology, data
collection, analysis, evaluation SB191/.R5/L596b/no. 81

3460 OPPORTUNITIES FOR INCREASE OF WORLD FOOD PRODUCTION FROM THE
IRRIGATED LANDS OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. (Report to the Technical
Advisory Committee of the Consultative Group on International
Agricultural Research (CGIAR)). Pereira, C. (1979) Ottawa,
Canada: International Development Resource Centre (IDRC) 15p.
KEYWORDS: IDRC, CGIAR, tropics, arid regions, dryland agriculture,
irrigation, food supply, water management 2.A.3

2.B BIOLOGICAL FACTORS

3461 BIOLOGICAL FACTORS AFFECTING CROPPING SYSTEMS. (Lecture
Notes). Zandstra, H.G. (1977)* s.l.: H.G. Zandstra. llp.
KEYWORDS: cropping systems, pests, insect pests, weeds, plant
diseases, soils, environmental factors 2.B

3462 SUGERENCIAS PARA EL CULTIVO DE SOYA DE TEMPORAL EN LA ZONA
COSTERA DEL NORTE DE NAYARIT. (1978) Santiago Ixcuintla, Mexico:
Institute Nacional de Investigaciones Agricolas, Centro de
Investigaciones Agricolas del Pacifico Norte. (Mimeograficado
Popular #4, Oct. 1978) 6p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Mexico,
soybeans, field tests MX.2.B


2.B.1 CROPS

3463 BREEDING AND SELECTION FOR DROUGHT RESISTANCE IN TROPICAL
MAIZE. Fischer, K.S. (1983) Mexico, D.F. Mexico: Centro
International de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT). 19p.
KEYWORDS: CIMMYT, tropics, maize, sorghum, drought, drought
resistance, plant breeding, varietal improvement 2.B.1

3464 BREVE RESUME DE LOS RESULTADOS DEL EXPERIMENT CENTRAL DE
PLANTS PERENNES DE LA MONTARA. (Documento preparado para ser
presentado en el Curso Corto Intensivo Practicas Agroforestales con
Enfasis en la Medici6n y Evaluaci6n de ParAmetros Biol6gicos y
Socio-Econ6micos, Enero 1983). Enriquez, G.A. (1983) Turrialba,
Costa Rica: Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y
Ensenanza (CATIE). 9p. KEYWORDS: Central America, Latin
America, tropics, mountains, perennials, experimental design,
cocoa, coffee, laurel LATIN AMERICA.2.B.1









3465 CULTIVATION UNDER SIMPLE STRUCTURES IN THE TROPICS AND
SUBTROPICS. IN: ASPAC Food & Fertilizer Technology Center
Newsletter. (1991) (no.94 p.6-7, Dec. 1991) 2p. KEYWORDS:
Asia, tropics, subtropics, horticulture, greenhouses, protected
cultivation, plant protection, appropriate technology ASIA.2.B.1

3466 CURRENT STATUS OF PLANT RESOURCES AND UTILIZATION. (Paper
presented at the World Food Conference of 1976, June 27-July 1,
1976, Iowa State Univ.). Sprague, E.W. (1976) Mexico, D.F.,
Mexico: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT)
(Translations & Reprints No. 19) 5p. KEYWORDS: CIMMYT, food
supply, cereals, food shortages, evolution, germplasm, plant
physiology, crop production, crop husbandry, varieties 2.B.1

3467 ESTABLECIMIENTO DE 6 HIBRIDOS DE CACAO POR EL METODO DE
RENOVACION "TURRIALBA". Enriquez, G. (1983) Turrialba, Costa
Rica: Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensefanza
(CATIE). 10p. KEYWORDS: CATIE, cocoa, improved varieties,
research methodology, cost benefit analysis LATIN AMERICA.2.B.1

3468 FRONTIERS FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN VEGETABLE PRODUCTION.
Wittwer, S.H. (1983) Tainan, Taiwan: Asian Vegetable Research
and Development Centre (AVRDC), Office of Information Services.
(10th Anniversery Monograph Series) 19p. KEYWORDS: Asia,
vegetables, genetics, plant breeding 2.B.1

3469 GUIA PARA EL CULTIVO DEL CACAO EN NICARAGUA. Peralta V.,
J.R. (1980) Managua, Nicaragua: Ministerio de Desarrollo
Agropecuario, Instituto Nicaraguense de Tecnologia Agropecuaria.
37p. KEYWORDS: Central America, Latin America, Nicaragua, cocoa,
guides, handbooks, climatic zones, cultivation methods NI.2.B.1

3470 IMPROVING ADAPTATION AND YIELD DEPENDABILITY IN MAIZE IN THE
DEVELOPING WORLD. Paliwal, R.L. (1981) Mexico, D.F., Mexico:
Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT).
17p. KEYWORDS: CIMMYT, tropics, maize, hybrids, varieties,
varietal improvement, yield factors 2.B.1

3471 LEAF AREA, LIGHT TRANSMISSION, ROOTS AND LEAF DAMAGE IN NINE
TROPICAL PLANT COMMUNITIES. IN: Agro-Ecosystems. Ewel, J.
(1982) (Vol.7 p.305-26, 1985) 22p. KEYWORDS: Latin America,
Central America, Mexico, Costa Rica, plant physiology,
photosynthesis, tropics, perennials, coffee, leaves, monoculture,
polyculture QH540/.A36

3472 LEAF-BUD CUTTINGS, A RAPID MULTIPLICATION TECHNIQUE FOR
POTATOES. Quevedo B., M. (1981) Lima, Peru: International
Potato Center (CIP). (CIP Slide Training Series I: Rapid
Multiplication Techniques, Guide-Book 1/4) 10p. KEYWORDS: CIP,
potatoes, training, plant propagation 2.B.1










3473 MANUAL FOR FIELD COLLECTORS OF RICE. Chang, T.T. (1972)
Los Bafos, Laguna, Philippines: International Rice Research
Institute (IRRI) 31p. KEYWORDS: IRRI, rice, genetic resources,
seeds, seed selection, handbooks 2.B.1

3474 ORIGINS AND EARLY HISTORY OF MAIZE IN EAST AFRICA WITH
SPECIAL REFERENCE TO KENYA. Sammons, D. (1987) Njoro, Kenya:
Egerton Univ. College. (no.2, Feb. 1987) 12p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
East Africa, Kenya, maize, cultivars, food habits 2.B.1

3475 PHOTOPERIODISM IN RELATION TO FORAGE YIELDING PEARL MILLET.
IN: Sabrao Journal. Patil, B.D. (1978) (Vol.10 no.2 p.126-29,
1978) 4p. KEYWORDS: tropics, millets, fodder 'crops, forage
crops, seasonality, plant physiology 2.B.1

3476 POTATO TAXONOMIES IN ANDEAN AGRICULTURE. IN: Indigenous
Knowledge Systems and Development D. Brokensha, ed. Brush, S.B.
(1980) Lanham, Md.: University Press of America. (p.37-47) llp.
KEYWORDS: South America, Latin America, potatoes, classification,
indigenous knowledge systems, taxonomy GN476/.I52

3477 RECURSOS GENETICOS PARA EL ALTIPLANO. IN: Perspectivas de
la Investigaci6n Agropecuaria para el Altiplano. Luis Arguelles
and Ruben Dario Estrada, eds. Holle, M. (1991) Lima, Peru:
Proyecto de Investigaci6n en Sistemas Agropecuarios Andinos (PISA).
(p.305-18) 13p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Peru,
Andean region, Altiplano, genetic resources, germplasm, resource
conservation, traditional farming ++

3478 RICE IMPROVEMENT IN THE MANGROVE SWAMPS OF WEST AFRICA. IN:
Developing World Agriculture, 1991. Aygen-Sampong, M. (1991)
London: Grosvenor Press International Ltd. (p.97-106) 10p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, rice, swamps, mangrove swamps,
improved varieties, salinity, WARDA S482/.D48/1991

3479 SIMULATION MODEL FOR SORGHUM CROP AND ITS APPLICATION. IN:
Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. Huda, A.K.S. (1986) (Vol.29
no.4 p.317-30, Dec. 1986) 13p. *KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia,
India, ICRISAT, cropping systems, sorghum, plant physiology, models
IN.2.B.1

3480 SINGLE-NODE CUTTINGS, A RAPID MULTIPLICATION TECHNIQUE FOR
POTATOES. Bryan, J.E. (1981) Lima, Peru: International Potato
Center (CIP). (CIP Slide Training Series I: Rapid Multiplication
Techniques, Guide-Book I/2) 8p. KEYWORDS: CIP, potatoes,
training, plant propagation 2.B.1

%1 SPROUT CUTTINGS, A RAPID MULTIPLICATION TECHNIQUE FOR
POTATOES. Bryan, J.E. (1981) Lima, Peru: International Potato
Center (CIP). (CIP Slide Training Series I: Rapid Multiplication
Techniques, Guide-Book I/1) 10p. KEYWORDS: CIP, potatoes,
training, plant propagation 2.B.1









3482 STEM CUTTINGS, A RAPID MULTIPLICATION TECHNIQUE FOR POTATOES.
Bryan, J.E. (1981) Lima, Peru: International Potato Center
(CIP). (CIP Slide Training Series I: Rapid Multiplication
Techniques, Guide-Book 1/3) 16p. KEYWORDS: CIP, potatoes,
training, plant propagation 2.B.1

3483 TRUE POTATO SEED: AN ALTERNATIVE METHOD FOR POTATO
PRODUCTION. (1983) Lima, Peru: International Potato Center (CIP)
(CIP Slide Training Series III-1) 12p. KEYWORDS: CIP, potatoes,
training, plant propagation, seeds 2.B.1

2.B.2 CROP PROTECTION

3484 DESIGNING INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE AND
PRODUCTIVE FUTURES. (Modified version of a paper presented at the
Asian Farming Systems Research and Extension Symposium, Bangkok,
Thailand, November 19-22, 1990). Pimbert, M.P. (1991) London:
International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED),
Sustainable Agriculture Programme. (Gatekeeper Series no.SA29)
19p. KEYWORDS: IIED, integrated pest management, pesticides,
health, plant protection, farmer participation, technology
development, innovation adoption, sustainable agriculture,
biological control 2.B.2

3485 MEJORAMIENTO GENETICO PARA RESISTENCIA A CINCO ENFERMEDADES
DE CACAO. (Paper prepared for the 6th International Conference for
Cacao Research, Caracas, Venezuela, Nov. 6-12, 1977). Enriquez,
G.A. (1977) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agronomico Tropical de
Investigation y Ensehanza (CATIE). 35p. KEYWORDS: CATIE,
cocoa, plant diseases, resistance genes 2.B.2

3486 OUTLOOK ON FARMING SYSTEMS AND ROOT-KNOT DAMAGE TO CROPS IN
EASTERN NIGERIA. IN: GeoJournal. Ogbuji, R.O. (1979) (Vol.3
no.6 p.567-70, 1979) 4p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Nigeria,
disease control, cropping systems, monocropping, traditional
farming, plant diseases HC79/.E5/G425 Arch

3487 PESTS IN TOMATOES: OCCURENCE, SYMPTOMS, CAUSES, LOCAL NAMES
AND MANAGEMENT. Khan, N. (1992) Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic
Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept. of Planning and
Development. (PATA Pub. 82) 48p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia,
Pakistan, tomatoes, cash crops, irrigated farming, rain-fed
farming, pests, insect pests, plant diseases, indigenous knowledge
systems, integrated pest "management, farmer participation
PK.2.B.2

3488 TROPICAL PLANT DISEASES. Thurston, H.D. (1984) St. Paul,
Minn.: American Phytopathological Society. (USAID doc.
PN-AAT-798-42094) 208p. KEYWORDS: tropics, plant diseases, plant
pathology, crops, environmental factors, crop protection,
bibliographies SB608/.T8/T49/1984










2.B.2.B ANIMAL KINGDOM


3489 CASSAVA PRODUCTION AND VEGETATIVE GROWTH RELATED TO CONTROL
DURATION OF SHOOT FLIES AND FRUIT FLIES. (Paper presented at the
Cassava Plant Protection Workshop at CIAT, Nov. 7-12, 1977).
Saunders, J.L. (1977)* Turrialba, Costa Rica: J.L. Saunders,
CATIE. lip. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Costa
Rica, cassava, pests, pest control, insects, crop production,
yields CR.CAT.2.B.2.B

3490 COMPARISON DES METHODS DE TRAITEMENTS PHYTOSANITAIRES DE
NIEBE. Ibro, G. [1991?] Niamey, Niger: Ministeres de
l'Agriculture et de l'Elevage, Institut National de Recherches
Agronomique du Niger, Departement de Recherches en Economie Rurale.
(Programme de Recherche sur les Systemes de Production Agricole;
Doc. no. 23F) 37p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sahel, West Africa, Niger,
cowpeas, insecticide application, yields, labor, on-farm trials
NE.2.B.2.B

3491 FARMER MANAGEMENT OF POTATO INSECT PESTS IN PERU. (Report of
an Interdisciplinary Research Project in Selected Regions of the
Highlands and Coast.). Ewell, P.T. (1990) Lima, Peru:
International Potato Center (CIP). (Food Systems Research Series
no. 6) 87p. KEYWORDS: South America, Latin America, Peru, CIP,
potatoes, insect pests, pesticides, pest control, integrated pest
management, storage, Andean weevil, leaf miner fly, potato tuber
moth, on-farm research, surveys, farmer participation, indigenous
knowledge systems ++

3492 NEW RICEFIELD RAT CONTROL IS SAFE AND NONCHEMICAL. IN: IRRI
Reporter. (1992) (No.l, March 1992) 2p. KEYWORDS: rice, rats,
pest control, appropriate technology SB191/.R5/L596a

3493 PROVISIONAL LIST OF INSECT AND MITE PESTS OF FOOD CROPS IN
CENTRAL AMERICA. King, A.B.S. (1978) Turrialba, Costa Rica:
Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensefanza (CATIE)
(CATIE Program of Annual Crops) 9p. KEYWORDS: Central America,
Latin America, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, pests, insects,
mites LATIN AMERICA.2.B.2.B

3494 VERTEBRATE PESTS IN CENTRAL AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN: AN
ANTHROPOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION. IN: Katunob: a Newsletter
Bulletin on Mesoamerican Anthropology. Rhoades, R.E. (1977)
(Vol.10 no.4 p.58-71, Dec. 1977) 14p. KEYWORDS: Latin America,
Central America, Caribbean, Guatemala, Dominican Republic,
anthropology, pests, pest control, indigenous knowledge systems,
appropriate technology LATIN AMERICA.2.B.2.B









3495 WORKING WITH NATURE: PROGRESS IN BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF
CASSAVA PESTS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA. IN: Developing World
Agriculture. 1990. Herren, T.R. (1990) London: Grosvenor Press
International Ltd. (p.91-94; Article taken from IITA Annual Report
and Research Highlights 1987-88) 4p. KEYWORDS: Africa, cassava,
insect pests, integrated pest management, international
cooperation, biological control S482/.D48/1990

2.B.2.C FUNGI AND BACTERIA

3496 DESARROLLO E IMPACT DE LA MONILIASIS DEL CACAO EN COSTA
RICA. Enriquez, G.A. (1983) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro
Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensehanza (CATIE). 9p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Costa Rica, CATIE,
cocoa, plant diseases CR.2.B.2.C

3497 EFECTO DE PERIODS DE DESCANSO DE SUELO EN EL RENDIMIENTO E
INCIDENCIA DE PSEUDOMONAS SOLANACEARUM EN PAPA EN HONDURAS. IN:
Fitopatologia. Mateo, N. (1982) (Vol.17 no.l p.24-29, May 1982)
6p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Honduras, crop
production, plant diseases, bacteria, disease control, potatoes,
fallow, yield factors, pseudomonas solanacearum HN.2.B.2.C

3498 PROCEEDINGS OF THE FIFTH BIENNIAL SMUT WORKERS' WORKSHOP.
(Held at Cuidad Obregon, Sonora, Mexico, April 28-30, 1986).
(1986) Mexico, D.F., Mexico: International Maize and Wheat
Improvement Center (CIMMYT) 42p. KEYWORDS: CIMMYT, cereals,
plant diseases, disease control, disease resistance, fungi
2.B.2.C

2.B.3 ANIMALS

3499 APPROPRIATE ANIMAL HEALTH INFORMATION SYSTEMS FOR NOMADIC AND
TRANSHUMANT LIVESTOCK POPULATION IN AFRICA. IN: Revue
Scientifiaue et Technique Office International Des Epizooties.
Sollod, A.E. (1991) (Vol.10 nol p.89-101, 1991) 7p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, arid regions, semiarid zones, livestock, animal health,
nomads, pastoral systems, appropriate technology, transhumance
AFRICA.2.B.3

3500 I.A.P.M.P. TECH PACK TESTING: BASIC SUGGESTION FOR CARE
AND MANAGEMENT OF THE BROOD SOW AND LITTER. (1979) Manhattan,
Kan.: Kansas State Univ. (Animal Husbandry, 1979) 4p. KEYWORDS:
Asia, Southeast Asia, Philippines, pigs, livestock production,
animal health, animal nutrition, reproduction, lactation
PH.2.B.3










3501 I.A.P.M.P. TECH PACK TESTING: BASIC SUGGESTIONS FOR CARE
AND MANAGEMENT OF THE GROWING-FINISHING PIG. Koch, B.A. (1979)*
Manhattan, Kan.: B.A.Koch, Kansas State Univ. (Animal Husbandry
1979) 4p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Philippines, pigs,
livestock, animal husbandry, animal nutrition PH.2.B.3

3502 LEUCAENA: AN END TO TOXICITY IN RUMINANTS? IN: ILCA
Newsletter. Chater, S. (1986) (Vol.5 no.2 p.1-3, April 1986)
3p. KEYWORDS: ILCA, Africa, agroforestry, livestock feeding,
animal nutrition, Leucaena, cattle, goats, sheep, ruminants,
toxicity SF1/.I22

3503 MANUAL ON HEAT DETECTION, ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION AND
PREGNANCY DIAGNOSIS FOR WATER BUFFALO. (Prepared from discussion
and papers presented during "Pregnancy Diagnosis (PD) and
Artificial Insemination (AI) for Buffalo Training Course",
Philippines, Thailand and Taiwan, Sept. 4-17, 1988). de Guzman,
M.R. (1989) Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.: Food and Fertilizer
Technology Center for the Asian and Pacific Basin (FFTC) 16p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, buffalo, reproduction, handbooks, artificial
insemination ASIA.2.B.3

3504 N'DAMA CATTLE: MANAGING AFRICA'S GENETIC RESOURCES. IN:
ILRAD Reports. Dwinger, R. (1989) (p.1-6, Oct. 1989; Also
available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little
Rock, Ark. 72203, tel.: 501-376-6836; request no.5608) 6p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Gambia, ILRAD, livestock, cattle,
genetic resources, traditional farming, milk, animal diseases,
tsetse fly, disease resistance SF600/.I14 (Vet. Med.)

3505 NATURAL VETERINARY MEDICINE. IN: GATE. Matzigkeit, U.
(1991) (No.3 p.36-37, Sept. 1991) 2p. KEYWORDS: veterinary
medicine, animal diseases, animal husbandry, biological control,
parasites 2.B.3

3506 PLANNED HEALTH CARE PROGRAMS FOR SMALL-SCALE LIVESTOCK FARMS
IN THE PHILIPPINES. Molina, J.Q. (1991) Taipei City, Taiwan:
ASPAC Food and Fertilizer Technology Center. (Extension Bulletin
no. 337, Sept. 1991) 13p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia,
Philippines, livestock, income, animal diseases, animal health,
production costs, veterinary services ++

3507. SUSTAINABLE SWINE PRODUCTION IN THE U.S. CORN BELT. IN:
American Journal of Alternative Agriculture. Honeyman, M.S.
(1991) (Vol.6 no.2 p.63-69, 1991) 7p. KEYWORDS: US, Iowa,
pigs, maize, sustainable agriculture, alternative farming,
livestock, nutrient cycles, manures, animal health S695/.5/A457










3508 TRAINING NOMADIC "BAREFOOT VETS". IN: ILEIA Newsletter.
Ali, T. (1991) (Vol.7 no.3 p.26-27, Oct. 1991; Also available
from Heifer Project International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark.
72203; tel: 501-376-6836; request no.6403) 2p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
East Africa, Somalia, nomads, cattle, animal health, training,
veterinary services, livestock S494.5/S86/I44

3 HUMAN ELEMENT: EXOGENOUS FACTORS

3509 ACCESSING THE NON-GOVERNMENTAL LITERATURE OF TROPICAL
AGRICULTURE. (Paper presented at the CGIAR Documentation and
Information Services Meeting, Centro Internacional de la Papa
(CIP),-Lima Peru, May 4-8, 1987). Posnett, N.W. (1987) Surbiton,
Surrey, U.K.: N.W. Posnett, Overseas Development Administration
(ODA), Land Resources Development Center. 23p. KEYWORDS:
tropics, agricultural research, documentation, information
retrieval, diffusion of information 3

3510 ADDING A REGIONAL PERSPECTIVE TO FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH:
CONCEPTS AND ANALYSIS. IN: Human Organization. Little, P.D.
(1985) (Vol.44 no.4 p.331-338, Winter 1985) 8p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, East Africa, Kenya, case studies, regions, evaluation,
problem identification, production constraints, linkages, economy
GN1/.H83

3511 AFRICAN FAMINES AND FOOD SECURITY: ANTHROPOLOGICAL
PERSPECTIVES. IN: Annual Review of Anthropology. Shipton, P.
(1990) (Vol.19 p.353-94, 1990) 42p. KEYWORDS: Africa, famine,
anthropology, food security, socioeconomic conditions,
bibliographies GN4/.A59/v.19/1990

3512 BUENA ESPERANZA: UNA ESPERANZA PERDIDA. Lago Y, M.S.
(1985) Santiago, Chile: Academia de Humanismo Cristiano, Grupo de
Investigaciones Agrarias (GIA). (Documento de Trabajo No.10) 52p.
KEYWORDS: GIA, Latin America, South America, Chile, forestry, farm
workers CL.3

3513 CARACTERISTICAS AGRICOLAS Y SOCIALES DEL VALLE DEL RIO
PORTOVIEJO. Uquillas, J. [1987?]* Ecuador: J. Uquillas. 40p.
KEYWORDS: South America, Latin America, Ecuador, socioeconomic
conditions, physical features, research methodology, INIAP,
cropping systems, case studies, pesticides, credit, technical
assistance EC.3

3514 CAUSES OF DEFORESTATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. IN: Annals
of the Association of American Geographers. Allen, J.C. (1985)
(Vol.75 no.2 p.163-84, 1985) 22p. KEYWORDS: energy, fuels,
fuelwood, forestry, deforestation, population growth HD140/.A36









3515 DESARROLLO RURAL: POSIBILIDADES Y LIMITACIONES EN PUNTO.
Ccama, F. (1991) Lima, Peru: F. Ccama; Casilla 388, Peno, Peru,
Apartado 110677, Lima 11, Perd. 126p. KEYWORDS: Latin America,
South America, Peru, rural development, methodology, poverty,
planning of research, problem identification, appropriate
technology, crop production, women, socioeconomic analysis ++

3516 DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES AND THE ENVIRONMENT. (For
Presentation at a Conference on the Environment held at WIDER,
Helsinki, Sept. 2-7, 1990.). Adelman, I. (1991) Berkeley,
Calif.: Univ. of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural
Resources, Dept. of Agricultural and Resource Economics. (Working
Paper no. 587, March 1991) 41p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Mexico,
Africa, Senegal, environmental factors, development strategies,
environmental degradation, economic development, deforestation,
case studies, models, intensive farming, imports, exports
HD1415/.W67 (Ag. Docs.)

3517 DIAGNOSTIC AGRO-SOCIOECONOMICO DE LA PROVINCIA DE MANABI.
Uquillas, J. [1985?]* Ecuador: J. Uquillas. 38p. KEYWORDS:
South America, Latin America, Ecuador, physical features, ecology,
demographics, cropping systems, socioeconomic conditions EC.3

3518 ESTIMATING FOOD PRODUCTION CHANGES AND PROJECT MONITORING AND
EVALUATION IN NIGERIA. IN: Agricultural Administration. Lai,
K.C. (1986) (Vol.22 p.161-73, 1986) 7p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
West Africa, Nigeria, food production, population growth, national
programs and projects HD1401/.A36

3519 FAMINE IN ETHIOPIA: RELIEF AND RECOVERY. IN: ILCA
Newsletter. (1985) (Vol.4 no.l, Jan. 1985) 6p. KEYWORDS:
ILCA, Africa, East Africa, Ethiopia, famine, drought, livestock,
development strategies, desertification, remote sensing SF1/.I22

3520 FUELWOOD, AGRO-FORESTRY AND NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT: THE
DEVELOPMENT SIGNIFICANCE OF LAND TENURE AND OTHER RESOURCE
MANAGEMENT/UTILIZATION SYSTEMS. Brokensha, D. (1984)
Binghampton, N.Y.: Insitute for Development Anthropology (IDA)
64p. KEYWORDS: fuelwood, agroforestry, natural resources,
ecosystems, socioeconomic conditions, cultural ecology, land
tenure, resource management, national programs and projects, social
forestry, communal tenure, waste land 3

3521 INVESTIGATION DE LOS SISTEMAS AGROPECUARIOS ALTO ANDINOS
(3,000-4,000 M.S.N.M.) EN COMUNIDADES CAMPESINAS DE AYECUCHO -
PERU. Rivera, J.V [1987?]* Ayacucho, Peru: J.V. Rivera, Univ.
de Huamanga, Programa de Investigacion de Cultivos Andinos picaA).
16p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Peru, Andean
region, food, socioeconomic conditions, surveys, ville level
studies PE.3










3522 LAND TENURE, INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS AND PRODUCER DECISIONS ON
FRAGILE LANDS. (Presented to Land Tenure Workshop, Annapolis, Md.,
April 23-26, 1984). Collins, J. (1984) Worcester,
Mass./Binghampton, N.Y.: Clark Univ./Insitute for Development
Anthropology (IDA). (Cooperative Agreement on Human Settlements
and Natural Resource Systems Analysis) 13p. KEYWORDS: tropics,
social analysis, socioeconomic conditions, ecology, environmental
degradation, land tenure, employment, poverty 3

3523 MAKING AID PROJECTS MORE SUITED TO LOCAL NEEDS. McNeill, D.
[1986?] Edinburgh, Scotland: Edinburgh Univ., Centre for African
Studies. (Occasional Papers no.10) 26p. KEYWORDS: development
agencies, development strategies, development theory, planning of
research 3

3524 MODERN CROP PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY IN AFRICA: THE CONDITIONS
FOR SUSTAINABILITY. IN: Africa's Agricultural Development in the
1990's: Can It Be Sustained? (Proceedings of a Workshop, May
14-18, 1991, Arusha, Tanzania). Plucknett, D.L. (1991) s.l.:
Centre for Applied Studies in International Negotiations (CASIN),
Sasakawa Africa Association (SAA), Global 2000, Inc. (p.127-40)
14p. KEYWORDS: Africa, agricultural history, fertilizers, yields,
development theory, productivity, sustainable agriculture,
agricultural technology, genetic resources, resource management,
international cooperation, NARS ++ (ACJ8646)

3525 PROFILES OF TEN TECH PACK TOWNS. Koch, B.A. [1979?]*
Manhattan, Kan.: B. Koch, Kansas State Univ. 3p. KEYWORDS:
Asia, Southeast Asia, Philippines, village level studies,
demographics, infrastructure PH.3

3526 SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF SMALL RUMINANT PRODUCTION SYSTEMS.
IN: Partners in Research: A Five Year Report of the Small
Ruminant Collaborative Research Support Program. Nolan, M.F.
(1983) Davis, Calif.: Univ. of California. (p.129-31) 3p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Morocco, small ruminants, sheep,
goats, sociological analysis, socioeconomic conditions, pastoral
systems, SR-CRSP MA.3

3527 WORKING TOGETHER SMALL FARMERS' COOPERATIVES AND FAO.
(1987) Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the
United Nations (FAO). 34p. KEYWORDS: FAO, farmers'
associations, cooperatives, rural development, poverty,
international cooperation, development objectives, development
strategies 3









3.A SOCIAL ORGANIZATION AND COMMUNITY STRUCTURE


3528 ALCANCES DE LAS POLITICAL AGRARIAS EN COMUNIDADES CAMPESINAS.
Ccama, F., ed. (1990) Puno, Peri: Proyecto de Investigaci6n en
Sistemas Agropecuarios Andinos (INIAA-PISA). (Estudios Tecnicos
No.2) 79p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Andean
region, Peru, Altiplano, policy, surveys, baseline data, community
organization, inputs, farmers' attitudes, crops, livestock,
socioeconomic analysis ++

3529 ETHNICITY AND SOCIAL CLASS FORMATION IN THE BOLIVIAN
LOWLANDS. Painter, M. (1985) Worcester, Mass./Binghampton, N.Y.:
Clark Univ./Institute for Development Anthroplogy. (Cooperative
Agreement on Settlement and Natural Resource Systems Analysis)
26p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Bolivia, lowland
areas, class conflict, marketing systems, ethnic groups,
resettlement BO.3.A

3530 INSTITUTIONS AND ECONOMIC LINKAGES AT THE VILLAGE LEVEL IN
WEST JAVA, INDONESIA. Adelman, I. (1992) Berkeley, Calif.:
Univ. of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources,
Dept. of Agricultural and Resource Economics. (Working Paper
no.623) 39p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Indonesia, Java,
mathematical models, economic analysis, village level studies,
markets HD1415/.W67/Ag.Docs.

3531 PEASANTS RELATIONSHIPS SYSTEMS IN SOUTHERN THAILAND. IN:
Proceedings of the Franco-Thai Workshop on Natural Rubber -
"Tapping Practices on Smallholdings in Southern Thailand". Nov.
21-24, 1989. Hat Yai/Pattani. Thailand. Le Roux, P. (1990) Hat
Yai, Thailand: Songkhla Rubber Research Centre. (p.74-106) 33p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Thailand, socioeconomic
conditions, social status, marketing, anthropology,
interdisciplinary research, geography, demographics, rubber,
agroforestry ++

3532 REHABILITATION DES PERIMETRES IRRIGUES: SYNTHESES DES
TRAVAUX DU GROUPE EN 1989. (1991) Paris: GRET. (Travaux de
Recherche Developpement) 80p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sahel, Senegal,
Mali, Niger, Madagascar, Latin America, Haiti, irrigation systems,
infrastructure, programs and projects, management, farmer
participation, water management, irrigated farming, villages,
farmer groups, community development, public perimeter irrigation,
networks ++

3533 ROLE AND TRAINING OF VILLAGE AGRICULTURAL COMMITTEES IN
FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH IN LESOTHO. Matabo, T. [1984?]* Maseru,
Lesotho: T. Matabo, Ministry of Agriculture. 12p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, Southern Africa, Lesotho, farmer participation, national
programs and projects, training, education, technology transfers,
farmer groups, villages LS.3.A










3534 ROLE OF SMALL ENTERPRISES AND SMALL TOWNS IN THE DEVELOPING
COUNTRIES AND IN THE DEVELOPED. Pederson, P.O. (1989)
Copenhagen: Center for Development Research (CDR). (CDR Project
Paper 89, May 1989) 98p. KEYWORDS: CDR, Africa, Denmark, small
businesses, development theory, informal sector, rural development
AFRICA.3.A

3535 SAN JULIAN: BALANCE Y DESAFIOS. (Paper presented at the
Conference on Settlement and Settlement Policy in the Amazon,
Sponsored by the Amazon Research and Training Program of the
University of Florida, the Pontificia Universidad Cat6lica del
Peri, and the Instituto Andino de Estudios de Poblaci6n; Lima,
Peru, May 1985). Perez-Crespo, C.A. (1985) Worcester,
Mass/Binghampton, N.Y.: Clark Univ./Institute for Development
Anthropology (IDA) (Cooperative Agreement on Human Settlements and
Natural Resource Systems Analysis) 30p. KEYWORDS: Latin America,
South America, Bolivia, case studies, resettlement, village level
studies BO.3.A

3536 TECNOLOGIA APROPIADA PARA PEQUEROS PROPIETARIOS: ALGUNAS
IMPLICACIONES DE LA ESTRATIFICACION SOCIAL PARA LA INVESTIGATION DE
SISTEMAS AGROPECUARIOS. Garrett, P. [n.d.]* s.l.: P. Garrett.
(Sumario) 8p. KEYWORDS: appropriate technology, social
stratification, socioeconomic conditions 3.A

3537 VIABLE OBJECTIVES FOR SMALLHOLDER PROGRAMS: VARIATION BY
SOCIAL STRATA. IN: Agricultural Administration. Garrett, P.
(1986) (Vol.22 p.39-55, 1986) 8p. KEYWORDS: small businesses,
social class, socioeconomic conditions, subsistence farming, social
stratification, commodities, project appraisal, national programs
and projects HD1401/.A36

3.C COMMUNITY NORMS AND BELIEFS

3538 BEYOND THE FARMER: POTATO CONSUMPTION IN THE TROPICS. IN:
Research for the Potato in the Year 2000: Proceedings of the
International Congress, CIP Tenth Anniversary, Lima, Perd, Feb.
22-27, 1982. W.J. Hooker, ed. Poats, S.V. (1983) Lima, Peru:
International Potato Center (CIP) (p.10-17, 1983; CIP Reprint)
8p. KEYWORDS: CIP, potatoes, tropics, cultural ecology,
-socioeconomic conditions, food habits, food preferences 3.C

3539 DEATH OF TARO: LOCAL RESPONSE TO A CHANGE OF SUBSISTENCE
CROPS IN THE NORTHERN SOLOMON ISLANDS. IN: Mankind.. Connell, J.
(1978) (Vol.11 no.4 p.445-52, 1978) 8p. KEYWORDS: Oceania,
Papua New Guinea, taro, sweet potatoes, socioeconomic conditions,
social change, cultural environment, anthropology, plant diseases,
food habits GN1/.M35









3540 REVITALIZING INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE. IN: ILETA Newsletter.
Rist, R. (1991) (Vol.7 no.3 p.22-23, Oct. 1991) 2p. KEYWORDS:
South America, Latin America, Bolivia, Andean region, indigenous
knowledge systems, traditional farming, sustainable agriculture
S494.5/.S86/I44

3541 SOME METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES IN THE MEASUREMENT, ANALYSIS AND
EVALUATION OF PEASANT FARMERS' KNOWLEDGE OF THEIR ENVIRONMENT.
Barker, D. (1977) London: Monitoring and Assessment Research
Centre (MARC), Chelsea College, Univ. of London. (MARC Report
no.9, 1977) 13p. KEYWORDS: indigenous knowledge systems,
methodology, research, environment 3.C

3.D POPULATION. NUTRITION AND HEALTH

3542 FEEDING CHINA'S BILLIONS: GEOGRAPHIC CONSTRAINTS AND
AGRICULTURAL SUCCESSES. (Agricultural Resources and Development in
the People's Republic of China, Draft). Youguan, K. (1990)*
Beijing, China: K.Youguan, Chinese Academy of Agricultural
Sciences, Institute of Agricultural National Resources and Regional
Planning. 22p. KEYWORDS: Asia, East Asia, China, geography,
constraints, arable land, water management, population growth, crop
production, food supply CN.3.D

3543 FOOD LACED WITH CYANIDE. IN: Partners in Research for
Development. Ferrar, P. (1992) (No.5 p.29-33, April 1992) 5p.
KEYWORDS: ACIAR, Africa, Asia, West Africa, Nigeria, cassava,
health, food preparation, poisoning, processing, toxicity, cyanide
NG.3.D

3544 GOING QUIETLY: THE BORANA PASTORALISTS OF SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA.
IN: ILCA Newsletter. Cossins, N. (1985) (Vol.4 no.2 p.3-4,
April 1985) 2p. KEYWORDS: ILCA, Africa, East Africa, Ethiopia,
drought, famine, pastoral society, food consumption, animal health,
cattle, food supply SF1/.I22

3545 NUTRITION IN AGRICULTURE: COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT. (Phase III
Workplan; Oct.l, 1988 Sept.30, 1989). (1988) Tucson,
Ariz./Lexington, Ky.: Univ. of Arizona/Univ. of Kentucky. 13p.
KEYWORDS: nutrition, food consumption, planning of research,
programs and projects 3.D

3546 PATTERNS OF CONSUMPTION AND NUTRITIVE VALUE OF HUMAN DIETS IN
FOUR EGYPTIAN VILLAGES OF THE RICE ZONE. Aziz Mohamed, A.A.
(1982) Davis, Calif.: Univ. of California, Agricultural
Development Systems, Egypt Project. (Economics Working Paper
Series no.83, July 1982) 30p. KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa,
Egypt, food consumption, rice, nutrition, health, food habits,
socioeconomic conditions, diet EG.3.D










3547 WEANING PRACTICES AND WEANING FOODS OF THE HAUSAS, YORUBAS,
AND IBOS OF NIGERIA. IN: Ecology of Food and Nutrition.
Uwaegbute, A.C. (1991) (Vol.26 p.139-53, 1991) 15p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, West Africa, Nigeria, weaning foods, diet, food
consumption, food habits, infant feeding, nutrition, women,
children TX341/.E26

3.E EXTERNAL INSTITUTIONS

3548 ACDI WORKSHOP ON ASSISTING AND ORGANIZING SMALL FARMERS.
(Workshop at International Conference Center, Reston, Va., Oct.
23-25, 1975). (1975) Washington, D.C.: Agricultural Cooperative
Development International (ACDI). 45p. KEYWORDS: ACDI,
farmers' associations, cooperatives, rural development, development
planning 3.E

3549 AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT. (Course
Reference and Reading Materials, July 15, Aug. 23, 1985). (1985)
Norwich, England: Univ. of East Anglia, Overseas Development
Group. 34p. KEYWORDS: bibliographies, planning of research,
management, training, agricultural education 3.E

3550 ANALYSIS ON SUSTAINABILITY OF CHINA'S AGRICULTURAL
DEVELOPMENT AND COUNTERMEASURES. (Paper submitted for presentation
at the 11th Annual FSR/E Symposium, Michigan State Univ., E.
Lansing, Mich., Oct. 5-10, 1991.). Xu, C. [1991?]* Beijing,
China: C. Xu, Beijing Agricultural Univ. 9p. KEYWORDS: Asia,
China, production constraints, policy, yields, sustainable
agriculture, environmental degradation, national programs and
projects CN.3.E

3551 APPROACH OF THE CARIBBEAN AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION PROJECT.
IN: Agricultural Diversification: Policies and Strategies:
Proceedings of the 19th West Indies Agricultural Economics
Conference. C.A. Pemberton, ed. Pemberton, C.A. (1990) St.
Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago: University of the West Indies,
Dept. of Agricultural Extension. 6p. KEYWORDS: Latin America,
Caribbean, diversification, cropping systems, extension, research
methodology ++

3552 FEEDING MANKIND IN THE 1980'S THE ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH. (Third Annual Agricultural Sector Symposia,
Jan. 5, 1982, World Bank, Washington, D.C.). Borlaug, N.E. (1982)
Mexico, D.F. Mexico: Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz
y Trigo (CIMMYT). (CIMMYT Reprint) 33p. KEYWORDS: CIMMYT, food
security, food production, yields, cropping systems, technology
transfers, socioeconomic conditions, IARCs 3.E










3553 FINAL REPORT: AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN THE GAMBIA,
1989/90. (1989/90 National Agricultural Sample Survey (NASS 89)).
(1990) Banjul, The Gambia: Ministry of Agriculture, Dept. of
Planning, National Agricultural Data Centre (NADC). (NASS
Technical Bulletin no.89-13) 25p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa,
Gambia, national programs and projects, surveys, reports, crop
production, farm size, yields, maize, rice, cassava, data
collection GM.3.E

3554 INCREASING ROLE OF WHEAT CONSUMPTION AND IMPORTS IN THE
DEVELOPING WORLD. Byerlee, D. (1983) Mexico, D.F., Mexico:
Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT)
(CIMMYT's Economics Program Working Paper No.05/83) 87p.
KEYWORDS: CIMMYT, wheat, imports, food distribution, food aid,
consumer prices, food security 3.E

3555 MARCO DE DESARROLLO APROPIADO PARA LAS PEQUEIAS FINCAS DE
LADERA: PROYECTO MANEJO DE RECURSOS NATURALES 1982-1985. Dulin,
P. (1986) Tegucigalpa, Honduras: Proyecto Manejo de Recursos
Naturales. 20p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America,.
Honduras, resource management, natural resources, land management,
national programs and projects, objectives HN.3.E

3556 NATIONAL AND AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES IN NIGER:
A REVIEW OF DEVELOPMENT PLANS, 1961-1983. Conly, S. (1979)*
Niamey, Niger: United States Agency for International Development
SAIDID. (Part I; see S. Conly, GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND
INSTITUTIONS AFFECTING RAINFED AGRICULTURE for Part II) 88p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Niger, national programs and
projects, development planning, development agencies, drought,
income, resource allocation, socioeconomic conditions NE.3.E

3557 NETWORKING FOR ECOLOGICAL FARMING IN PERU. IN: GATE.
Kolmans, E. (1991) (No.4 p.11-13, Dec. 1991) 3p. KEYWORDS:
Latin America, South America, Peru, NGOs, organic farming,
networks, sustainable agriculture, CONAE, development
administration, ecology PE.3.E

3558 PLANNING FOR LONG-TERM INSTITUTIONAL LINKAGES WITH FACULTIES
OF AGRICULTURE IN AFRICA. McBreen, E.L. (1987) Washington, D.C.:
Board for International Food and Agricultural Development (BIFAD),
United States Agency for International Development (USAID).
(Occasional Paper no.11, Feb. 1987) 46p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
universities, schools, .agricultural education, international
cooperation, land grant system ++ (ACE7508)









3559 PRODUCERS' PRICE SYSTEM AND THE COFFEE AND COCOA TRADE AT
VILLAGE LEVEL IN WEST AFRICA. Muntjewerff, C.A. (1982) Leiden,
Netherlands: African Studies Centre (ASC). (Working Papers
no.6/1982) 23p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Cameroon, Ghana,
Ivory Coast, Nigeria, price policy, economic analysis,
transportation, credit, constraints, coffee, cocoa, trade
AFRICA.3.E

3560 REGIONAL PLANNING FOR PEOPLE, PARKS AND WILDLIFE IN THE
NORTHERN PORTION OF THE SEBUNGWE REGION, ZIMBABWE. Scudder, T.
(1982) Worcester, Mass./Binghamton, N.Y.: Clark
University/Institute for Development Anthropology. (Cooperative
Agreement on Human Settlements and Natural Resource Systems
Analysis) 39p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Southern Africa, Zimbabwe,
anthropology, regional planning, national programs and projects,
settlement, natural resources, game management, fisheries,
sociological analysis, socioeconomic conditions, wildlife ZB.3.E

3561 SOURCES AND MODELS OF AGRICULTURAL INNOVATION IN DEVELOPED
AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. IN: Agricultural Administration.
Jarrett, F.G. (1985) (Vol.18 p.217-34, 1985) 10p. KEYWORDS:
agribusiness, innovation adoption, technology transfers,
traditional farming, models, on-farm testing, schools
HD1401/.A36

3562 TOWARDS AN UNDERSTANDING OF MANAGEMENT EDUCATION IN
AGRICULTURE. Loftus, L. (1980) Melbourne, Australia: Univ. of
Melbourne, School of Agriculture and Forestry. 66p. KEYWORDS:
small businesses, management training, socioeconomic conditions,
training, agricultural economics, agricultural planning 3.E

3.E.1 INFRASTRUCTURE, SUPPORT SYSTEMS

3563 BASELINE STUDY OF THE PERUVIAN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH,
EDUCATION AND EXTENSION SYSTEM, VOLUME I: SUMMARY. (Translated
from the Summary Document prepared by the Baseline Editorial Group
for submittal to the Government of Peru, Dec. 1979). Fernandez
Ddvila, J.G. (1979) Lima, Peru: Instituto Nacional de
Investigaci6n Agraria. 87p. KEYWORDS: Peru, South America,
Latin America, food production, food supply, coordination,
education, extension, agricultural research, institutional
resources PE.3.E.1










3564 BASOS DE DATOS: UNA HERRAMIIENTA MODERNA QUE 'CO;TRIBUIRA A LA
OPORTUNA DIFUSION DE INFORMATION CIENTIFICA Y TECNICA. (Trabajo
presentado en el Curso de Escritura Tecnica y Cientifica, Sala de
Ex-Rectores, Biblioteca Central, Universidad Nacional, Heredia,
Costa Rica, 20 al 22 de noviembre de 1985). Gutidrrez Jim4nez, M.
(1985)* Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agronomico Tropical de
Investigation y Ensehanza (CATIE). 22p. KEYWORDS: CATIE, Latin
America, databases, information specialists, diffusion of
information LATIN AMERICA.3.E.1

3565 COSTS DE PRODUCTION EN SIETE VIVEROS FORESTALES DE COSTA
RICA. Navarro, P.C. (1985) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro
Agronomico de Investigacion y Ensefanza (CATIE). 20p. KEYWORDS:
Latin America, Central America, Costa Rica, CATIE, nurseries,
climatic factors, cost benefit analysis, production costs
CR.CAT.3.E.1

3566 CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION AND EXTENSION IN
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. IN: Agricultural Administration. Chaudry,
M.A. (9185) (Vol.20 p.169-186, 1985) 10p. KEYWORDS:
agricultural education, institutional resources, extension,
constraints, education, administration, training, coordination
HD.1401/.A36

3567 EFFECTIVE INFORMATION MANAGEMENT IN FORESTRY: AN APPLICATION
TO FUELWOOD RESEARCH. Rose, D.W. (1985) St. Paul, Minn.: Univ.
of Minnesota, College of Forestry. llp. KEYWORDS: Central
America, Latin America, forestry, management, decision making,
diffusion of information, fuelwood LATIN AMERICA.3.E.1

3568 INFORMATION Y DOCUMENTATION FORESTAL EN AMERICA TROPICAL.
(Contribucion voluntaria presentada en el IX Congreso Forestal
Mundial, 1-10 de Julio de 1985, Mexico, D.F., Mexico). Robles,
A.X. (1985) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agronomico Tropical de
Investigation y Ensenanza (CATIE). 14p. KEYWORDS: Latin
America, CATIE, tropics, diffusion of information, forestry,
documentation, research evaluation, human resources LATIN
AMERICA.3.E.1

3569 INVESTIGADORES AGRICOLAS LATINOAMERICANOS NO DIVULGAN LA
INFORMATION QUE GENERAL; BREVE ANALYSIS DE LA SITUATION.
(Documento presentado en el Seminario de Produccion de Cultivos
Anuales, CENTA, San Andrds, El Salvador, enero 30-febrero 2, 1978).
Jimenez-Saa, H. (1978) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agronomico
Tropical de Investigacion y Ensenanza (CATIE). 17p. KEYWORDS:
Latin America, CATIE, diffusion of information, education, research
workers, training, documentation LATIN AMERICA.3.E.1









3570 LESSONS FROM THE U.S. LAND GRANT EXPERIENCE FOR CREATING
AGRICULTURAL COLLEGES. (Prepared for the Role of Agricultural
Universities in Rural Development Workshop, Center for Development
Information and Evaluation, Agency for International Development,
July 25, 1985). Flora, C.B. (1985)* Manhattan, Kan.: C.B.
Flora, Kansas State Univ. 21p. KEYWORDS: land grant system,
models, universities, constraints, institution building 3.E.1

3571 NETWORKING A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM FOR GENUINE NON-FORMAL
EDUCATION. IN: Appropriate Technology. Cox, E. (1984) (Vol.11
no.l p.28-30, June 1984) 2p. KEYWORDS: Oceania, Papua New
Guinea, networks, women, education, communication T1/.A66

3572 RURAL POULTRY DEVELOPMENT DIRECTORY FOR AFRICA. [n.d.]
s.l.: African Network for Rural Poultry Development. (Also
available from Heifer Project International., P.O. Box 808, Little
Rock, Ark. 72203; tel: 501-376-6836; request no.6303) 5p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, poultry, directories, research workers, networks
AFRICA.3.E.1

3573 SMALL FARMERS AND LANDLESS LABOURERS' DEVELOPMENT PROJECT.
(Proceedings of the Workshop held at Comilla, Bangladesh, June
1979). Bari, F. (1981) Comilla, Bangladesh: Bangladesh Academy
for Rural Development. 106p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia,
Bangladesh, national programs and projects, labor, farmer
participation, landlessness, income, credit, marketing, farmer
groups, self sufficiency ++

3574 SURVEY OF SUCCESSFUL EXPERIENCES IN ASSISTING THE SMALLHOLDER
LIVESTOCK PRODUCER. McCauley E.H. (1973) Washington, D.C.:
World Bank. (See related item #3136 in 1991 Supplement) 71p.
KEYWORDS: cooperatives, farmers' associations, livestock, cattle,
milk production, buffalo, credit, marketing systems 3.E.1

3575 TOWARD AN INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR WATER MANAGEMENT
RESEARCH AND TRAINING. (Discussion paper prepared by staff of the
Ford Foundation's New Delhi office, Group II Irrigation Development
Projects, A&P Agricultural & Resource staff seminar, Yogyakarta,
Indonesia, Nov. 13-17, 1979). Collins, N.R. (1979) New Delhi,
India: Ford Foundation. 49p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia,
tropics, water use, water management, irrigation systems, research
objectives, institution building, international cooperation
ASIA.3.E.1









INPUT DISTRIBUTION


3576 THAI FARMERS LIKE BEING BUFFALOED BY THIS BANK: BUFFALO
LOANS HELP DOUBLE RURAL INCOMES. IN: Christian Science Monitor.
Hiebert, M. (1987) (p.14, Nov. 20, 1987) Ip. KEYWORDS: Asia,
Southeast Asia, Thailand, credit, buffalo, income, appropriate
technology, banks, draft animals, social customs, inputs
TH.3.E.1.A.AA

3.E.1.A.BB EXTENSION

3577 ADOPCION DE TECNOLOGIAS EN FUNCTION DE ESQUEMAS DE
TRANSFERENCIA PARA DIFERENTES TIPOS DE CLIENTELE. (Paper submitted
to the 11th Annual FSRE Symposium, Michigan State Univ., E.
Lansing, Mich., Oct. 5-10, 1991). Rivera, O. [1991?]* Guatemala
City, Guatemala: O. Rivera, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and
Nutrition, Directorate General of Agricultural Services. 12p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Guatemala, innovation
adoption, technology transfers, extension, national programs and
projects, project appraisal GT.3.E.1.A.BB

3578 AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION FOR WOMEN FARMERS IN AFRICA. Saito,
K. (1990) Washington, D.C.: World Bank. (World Bank Discussion
Papers 103) 73p. KEYWORDS: Africa, women, extension, handbooks,
socioeconomic conditions, gender roles, training, education, human
resources S544.5/.A4/S25/1990b

3579 EXTENSION RURAL EN EL CONTEXT DE LAS CUENCAS HIDROGAFICAS.
(Paper prepared for the course; Methods and Techniques of Extension
(Level I) Panama, IDIAP IRHE, May 28-June 1, 1984). Andrade
Martinez, E. (1984)* Panama: E.Andrade Martinez. 15p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, Mexico, extension, rural development,
hydrology MX.3.E.1.A.BB

3580 FARMER INVOLVEMENT AND MOTIVATION FOR DIVERSIFICATION
PROGRAMME IMPLEMENTATION. IN: Agricultural Diversification:
Policies and Strategies. Proceedings of the 19th West Indies
Agricultural Economics Conference. C.A. Pemberton, ed. Henderson,
T.H. (1990) St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago: Univ. of the
West Indies, Dept. of Agricultural Extension. (p.107-110) 4p.
KEYWORDS: Caribbean, socioeconomic conditions, farmer
participation, sociology, national programs and projects,
international cooperation, extension, diversification ++

3581 HOW TO WORK WITH FARMERS: A MANUAL FOR FIELD WORKERS, BASED
ON THE CASE OF THAILAND. Heim, F.G. (1990) Weikersheim, Germany:
Josef Margraf Verlag. (Tropical Agriculture.4) 81p. KEYWORDS:
Asia, Southeast Asia, Thailand, handbooks, farmers' associations,
socioeconomic conditions, education, training, extension
HN700.55/.Z9/C638/1990


3.E.1.A.AA









3582 PROBLEMS FACING NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION IN DEVELOPING
COUNTRIES. Sigman, V.A. (1984) Urbana, Ill.: Univ. of Illinois,
Office of International Agriculture, International Programs for
Agricultural Knowledge Systems (INTERPAKS). (Series no.3, May
1984) 16p. KEYWORDS: extension, problem identification, human
resources, technology transfers, agricultural education
3.E.1.A.BB

3.E.1.A.CC CREDIT

3583 CREDIT AGROPECUARIA EN EL ECUADOR Y SU ACCESO AL SECTOR
CAMPESINO: STUDIO DE CASO EN EL CANTON PIMAMPIRO, PROVINCIA DE
IMBABURA. Barril Garcia, A. (1983)* Quito, Ecuador: A. Barril
Garcia, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias
(INIAP)/Centro de Planificacion y Estudios Sociales (CEPLAES)
21p. KEYWORDS: South America, Latin America, Ecuador, credit,
case studies, socioeconomic analysis EC.3.E.1.A.CC

3584 ESTIMACION DE COSTAS DE PRODUCTION PARA PROGRAMS DE CREDIT
AGRICOLA: NORMAS PARA PAISES EN DESARROLLO. Tinnermeier, R.L.
(1984) Fort Collins, Colo.: Colorado State Univ., Dept. of
Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics. 85p. KEYWORDS:
Latin America, Caribbean, Dominican Republic, production costs,
credit, USAID, surveys, handbooks DO.3.E.1.A.CC

3585 FARMER GROUPS IN CAMEROON: SOME EXPERIMENTS IN CREDIT
DELIVERY. Oxby, C. (1981) London: Overseas Development
Institute (ODI), Agricultural Administration Unit. (Agricultural
Administration Network Discussion Paper 7, Nov. 1981) 17p.
KEYWORDS: ODI, Africa, West Africa, Cameroon, credit, farmer
groups, loans, economic policy, collective farming, farmers'
attitudes, cash crops CM.3.E.1.A.CC

3586 MICRO LOANS ON MACRO SCALE REAP RETURNS THIRD WORLD AND
DONORS GAIN FROM FUNDS TO SMALL ENTERPRISES. IN: Christian
Science Monitor. Helmore, K. (1988) (p.7&10, Jan. 11, 1988)
2p. KEYWORDS: USAID, credit, small businesses, business
conditions 3.E.1.A.CC

3587 PUBLIC VS PRIVATE SUPERVISED CREDIT INSTITUTIONS FOR SMALL
FARMS. (CENTO Seminar on Increasing the Productive Capacity of
Small Farms, Dec. 17-21, 1978, Lahore). Malik, M.H. (1978)*
Islamabad, Pakistan: M.H. Malik, Agricultural Development Bank of
Pakistan. 19p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan, credit,
private sector, development strategies, infrastructure, marketing
PK.3.E.1.A.CC










3588 PUBLIC VS. PRIVATE SUPERVISED CREDIT INSTITUTIONS FOR SMALL
FARMS. (Presented at CENTO Seminar held at American Centre,
Lahore, Pakistan, Dec. 17-21, 1978). Sindhu, C.R.A. (1978)
Lahore, Pakistan: National Bank of Pakistan, Supervised Rural
Credit Programme. 27p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan,
credit, bank loans, national programs and projects, modernization,
loans PK.3.E.1.A.CC

3.E.1.B OUTPUT

3589 ANALYSIS OF PROGRESS AND ACHIEVEMENTS IN REGIONAL DEHULLING
PROJECTS. IN: Utilization of Sorghum and Millets, M.I. Gomez, ed.
Schmidt, O.G. (1992) Patancheru, India: International Crops
Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). (p.9-18)
10p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Southern Africa, SADCC, dehulling,
sorghum, pearl millet, food security, processing, technology
development, arid regions, IDRC, national programs and projects,
household consumption, postharvest technology ++

3590 ESTIMATION OF SUPPLY ELASTICITIES OF SEMI-ARID TROPICAL
CROPS: METHODOLOGY AND SOME RESULTS. (Paper presented at the 7th
Indian Econometric Conference at Trivendrum, Dec. 19-21, 1977).
Bapna, S.L. (1977) Hyderabad, India: International Crops
Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). 18p.
KEYWORDS: ICRISAT, semiarid tropics, farmers' attitudes, crop
management, models, evaluation of research 3.E.1.B

3591 STUDIO DE LOS PROCESS DE MERCADO Y COMERCIALIZACION DEL
FREJOL EN LA ZONA DE PIMAMPIRO, ECUADOR. Barsky, O. (1983) s.l.:
0. Barsky, Facultad Latinomericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLASCO)
and Centro de Planificaci6n y Estudios Sociales (CEPLAES). 40p.
KEYWORDS: South America, Latin America, Ecuador, marketing,
commercialization, case studies EC.3.E.1.B

3592 SMALL FLOCK PROSPERITY. IN: Sheep! Magazine. Simmons, P.
(1989) (p.30-31, June 1989; Also available from Heifer Project
International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel:
501-376-6836; request no.5103) 2p. KEYWORDS: sheep, wool, small
businesses, animal products, cottage industries, marketing, income
3.E.1.B

3.E.l.B.AA MARKETING

3593 COMERCIALIZACION DE LEGUMINOSAS EN EL VALLE DEL RIO
PORTOVIEJO. Chavez, N. [1987?]* s.l.: N. Chavez. 21p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Mexico, legumes,
commercialization, marketing systems, prices, food consumption
MX7 E.1.BAA










3594 ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF FARM INCOME INSTABILITY IN KENYA: THE
CASE OF SELECTED MARKETED COMMODITIES. Arap Rop, I.K. (1986)
Stillwater, Okla.: Oklahoma State Univ., Dept. of Agricultural
Economics. (International Development Series, No.86-4, Dec. 1986)
27p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, marketing systems,
commodities, economic growth, economic analysis, cash crops,
income, policy, commercial farming KE.3.E.1.B.AA

3595 PRODUCE MARKETING CO-OPERATIVES IN WEST AFRICA. Muntjewerff,
C.A. (1982) Leiden, Netherlands: African Studies Centre (ASC).
(Working Papers no.7/1982) 15p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa,
Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, cooperatives, coffee, cocoa,
price policy, marketing AFRICA.3.E.1.B.AA

3596 SOURCES OF FARM INCOME INSTABILITY IN KENYA: THE CASE OF
SELECTED MARKETED COMMODITIES. Arap Rop, I.K. (1986) Stillwater,
Okla.: Oklahoma State Univ., Dept. of Agricultural Economics.
(International Development Series No.86-2, Dec. 1986) 45p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, cash crops, commodities,
income, policy, exports, market prices, commercial farming
KE.3.E.1.B.AA

3597 UNRAVELLING ZIMBABWE'S FOOD INSECURITY PARADOX. IN: Food
Policy. Jayne, T.S. (1991) (Vol.16 no.4 p.319-29, 1991) llp.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Southern Africa, Zimbabwe, marketing systems,
food security, food marketing, food grains, income, socioeconomic
conditions HD9000.1/F65

3.E.1.B.BB POSTHARVEST STORAGE

3598 WET SEASON POST-HARVEST FOOD LOSSES. IN: ADAB News.
Greeley, M. (1981) (Vol.8 no.1 p.33-41, Jan.-Feb. 1981) 9p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Bangladesh, food losses, food storage,
seasonality, postharvest systems BD.3.E.1.B.BB

3.E.1.B.CC PROCESSING

3599 MILK DRIER. Nichols, P. [n.d.] Arlington, Va.: Volunteers
in Technical Assistance (VITA). (VITA Technical Bulletin) Also
available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little
Rock, Ark. 72203; tel:501-376-6836; request no.6510) llp.
KEYWORDS: VITA, milk, dairy equipment, evaporators, processing,
handbooks 3.E.1.B.CC

3600 PROCESSING OF SORGHUM IN BOTSWANA FOR FOODS AND FEEDS:
PROBLEMS AND OPPORTUNITIES. IN: Utilizaion of Sorghum and
Millets, M.I. Gomez, ed. Nicholson, N.F. (1992) Patancheru,
India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid
Tropics (ICRISAT). (p.99-101) 3p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Southern
Africa, Botswana, sorghum, processing, food, feeds, constraints
++









3601 STATUS OF SORGHUM MILLING TECHNOLOGY AT RURAL INDUSTRIES
INNOVATION CENTRE, BOTSWANA. IN: Utilization of Sorghum and
Millets, M.I. Gomez, ed. Dinat, S. (1992) Patancheru, India:
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
(ICRISAT). (p.33-39) 7p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Southern Africa,
Botswana, sorghum, milling, marketing strategies, small businesses,
technology development, rural development ++

3602 TRADITIONAL TECHNOLOGIES IN SMALL GRAIN PROCESSING. IN:
Utilization of Sorghum and Millets, M.I. Gomez, ed. Mukuru, S.Z.
(1992) Patancheru, India: International Crops Research Institute
for the Semi-Arid Tropics. (p.47-56) 10p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
India, semiarid tropics, sorghum, millets, traditional technology,
processing, milling, nutrition, food grains, appropriate technology
++

3603 WINNOWER. [n.d.] Arlington, Va.: Volunteers in Technical
Assistance(VITA)/Tool Foundation. (Reprint of TOOL Foundation
publication; TOOL, Postbox 525, Eindhoven, Netherlands) 35p.
KEYWORDS: appropriate technology, postharvest technology,
handbooks, winnowing 3.E.1.B.CC

3.E.2 POLICIES AND STRUCTURAL REFORM PROGRAMS

3604 BREAKING THE CIRCLE OF POISON: THE INTEGRATED PEST
MANAGEMENT REVOLUTION IN NICARAGUA. Swezey, S.L. (1983) San
Francisco, Calif.: Institute for Food and Development Policy.
25p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Nicaragua,
integrated pest management, environmental degradation, history,
political systems NI.3.E.2

3605 COMMONWEALTH REGIONAL (ASIA/PACIFIC) RURAL TECHNOLOGY
PROGRAMME. (Report on the first meeting of the Steering Committee,
New Delhi, India, Nov. 15-18, 1978). (1979) London: Commonwealth
Science Council (CSC) (CSC [78] RT-3) 20p. KEYWORDS: Asia,
Oceania, rural development, appropriate technology, programs and
projects, technology transfers 3.E.2

3606 DIMENSIONS SOCIALES DE LA GESTION DEL L'ENVIRONNEMENT ET
PROBLEMATIQUE DU CHANGEMENT CLIMATIQUE A L'ECHELLE DU GLOBE.
(Paper presented at the International Conference on the Impact of
Climatic Variation on Sustainable Development of Semi-arid Regions
ICID). Dia, I. [1992?]* Dakar, Senegal: I. Dia, Institut
Sen6galais de Recherches Agricoles. llp. KEYWORDS: climatic
factors, ICSU, environmental degradation, ecology, resource
management, policy 3.E.2

3607 DROUGHT AND FAMINE RELATIONSHIPS IN SUDAN: POLICY
!:,ILICATIONS. Teklu, T. (1991) : .chi .gton D.C. International
Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). (Research Report 38)
135p- KEYWORDS: Africa, North Africa, Sudan, famine, drought,
surveys, marketing systems, national programs and projects ++










3608 EVALUATING THE FIRST INTEGRATED RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT IN
GAMBIA. (From the African Association for Public Administration
and Management, 16th Inter-African Public Administration and
Management Seminar, Banjul, Gambia, Nov. 28-Dec.3, 1977). Lowe, G.
(1977) Gambia: G. Lowe, Rural Development Project. 13p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Gambia, rural development, case
studies, project evaluation, project design GM.3.E.2

3609 EVOLUTION OF THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC APPROACH TO FOREST OCCUPANCY
(KAINGIN) MANAGEMENT IN THE PHILIPPINES. IN: Philippine
Geographical Journal. Scott, G.A.J. (1979) (Vol.23 no.2
p.58-73, April/June 1979) 15p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia,
Philippines, forestry, traditional technology, national programs
and projects, socioeconomic conditions PH.3.E.2

3610 FRESHWATER FISHING IN MEXICO: SOME CONSEQUENCES OF
LARGE-SCALE DRAINAGE PROBLEMS. IN: Human Ecology. Rice, R.A.
(1984) (Vol.12 no.3 p.315-18) 3p. KEYWORDS: Latin America,
Mexico, fish, food consumption, national programs and projects,
fisheries GF1/.84

3611 GEOGRAPHER'S PERSPECTIVE ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. Dickinson,
J.C. [1978?] Gainesville, Fla.: J.C. Dickinson. 14p.
KEYWORDS: development strategies, socioeconomic conditions,
environmental degradation, economics, conservation 3.E.2

3612 GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND INSTITUTIONS AFFECTING RAINFED
AGRICULTURE. Conly, S. (1979)* Niamey, Niger: United States
Agency for International Development (USAID). (Part II; see S.
Conly, NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES IN NIGER for
Part I) 117p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Niger, national
programs and projects, rain-fed farming, land tenure, soil
conservation, human resources, marketing, cash crops, policy
NE.3.E.2

3613 INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURE FAMILY FARMING SYSTEMS POLICY
STATEMENT. (1985) Columbia, Mo.: Univ. of Missouri, College of
Agriculture, International Agriculture Committee on Family Farming
Systems. 4p. KEYWORDS: universities, family farms, planning of
research, project design, households, women in development, policy,
children 3.E.2

3614 MASAGANA 99. (Paper presented at the workshop on Technology
Generation, Verification and Dissemination in Asia, Iloilo City,
Philippines, April 25-28, 1978). Carangal, V.R. .[1978?]* Manila,
Philippines: V.R. Carangal, International Rice Research Institute
(IRRI). 32p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Philippines,
rice, high yielding varieties, self sufficiency, national programs
and projects, development strategies, project evaluation, project
design PH.3.E.2









3615 MEXICO'S PROSPECTS FOR RESUMING A -GRG7;TH! PATH 1UDER
INSTITUTIONAL REFORM. (Working paper for the research panel on
"Alternative Development Strategies for Mexico in the Next
Sexenio"). Street, J.H. (1986) New Brunswick, N.J.: J.H.
Street, Rutgers Univ. 9p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Mexico,
IMF, financial planning, policy, economic development, political
systems MX.3.E.2

3616 MODERNIZATION AND INSTITUTIONAL CHANGE IN MARKET ECONOMIES:
THE DYNAMICS OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH ORGANIZATION IN LATIN
AMERICA. Trigo, E.J. (1980) San Jose, Costa Rica: Instituto
Interamericano de Ciencias Agricolas. (PROTAAL Document no.39,
Feb. 1980) 24p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, policy, national
programs and projects, private sector, public sector, research
institutes, socioeconomic change, technology development LATIN
AMERICA.3.E.2

3617 NEW-LANDS SETTLEMENT AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT: THE CASE OF
SAN JULIAN, BOLIVIA. Painter, M. (1984) Worchester,
Mass./Binghampton, N.Y.: Clark Univ./Institute for Development
Anthropology (IDA) (Cooperative Agreement on Settlements and
Natural Resource Systems Analysis) 56p. KEYWORDS: South America,
Latin America, Bolivia, settlement, resettlement, subtropics,
lowland areas, development strategies, socioeconomic conditions
BO.3.E.2

3618 NUTRITION RELATED POLICIES AND PROGRAMS: PAST PERFORMANCES
AND RESEARCH NEEDS. Kennedy, E.T. (1983) Washington, D.C.:
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) (USAID Doc.
No. PA-AAM-536) 104p. KEYWORDS: rural development, nutrition,
food prices, food supply, socioeconomic conditions, development
agencies, policy, programs and projects, research objectives
3.E.2

3619 ON ORGANISING EQUITY: ARE SOLUTIONS REALLY THE PROBLEM? IN:
Journal of Social & Economic Studies. Gupta, A.K. (1985) (Vol.2
no.4 p.295-312, Oct.-Dec. 1985) 18p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia,
India, development administration, socioeconomic analysis, public
sector, private sector, resource allocation IN.3.E.2

3620 ON THE ANALYSIS .OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE IN DEVELOPMENT
PROJECT PLANNING. (Paper prepared as background material for tha
AID workshop on the Evaluation of Management in African
Agricultural Development Projects). Boyle, W.P. (1984)
Binghampton, N.Y.: Institute for Development Anthropology. 27p.
KEYWORDS: USAID, Africa, Mauritania, Senegal, Morocco, development
planning, value systems, project evaluation, sociological analysis,
social institutions, project implementation, organization
FRICA.3.E.2










3621 PARTICIPATION IN PRACTICE. IN:- Rural Development. (Special
section adopted from Participation in Practice: Lessons from the
FAO People's Participation Programme (FAO- 1990)). [1991?]
(No.12, Also available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box
.808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel 501-376-6836; request no.6508)
8p. KEYWORDS: FAO, development strategies, rural development,
farmer participation, poverty, income, participatory strategies,
technology transfers, community development, credit, savings, cost
benefit analysis 3.E.2

3622 REPORT OF THE EXTERNAL EVALUATION OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH
DEVELOPMENT PROJECT II. (Draft for Discussion only). (1984) Los
Bahos, Philippines: Philippine Council for Agriculture and
Resources Research and Development (PCARRD). 48p. KEYWORDS:
Asia, Southeast Asia, Philippines, national programs and projects,
institutional resources, evaluation, economics, research objectives
PH.3.E.2

3623 REPORT ON THE WORKSHOP ON NEW LANDS SETTLEMENT AND AREA
DEVELOPMENT. Brokensha, D.W. (1982) Worcester,
Mass./Binghampton, N.Y.: Clark Univ./Institute for Development
Anthropology (IDA). (Cooperative Agreement on Human Settlement and
Natural Resource Systems Analysis; AID Contract No.
DAN-1135-A-00-1078-00) 13p. KEYWORDS: development agencies,
settlement, land use, national programs and projects 3.E.2

3624 TREE PRODUCTS IN AGROECOSYSTEMS: ECONOMIC AND POLICY ISSUES.
(Earlier version of paper presented at a workshop on forest policy
convened by the Agriculture and Rural Development Dept. of the
World Bank, Dec. 1990). Arnold, J.E.M. (1991) London:
International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED),
Sustainable Agriculture Programme. (Gatekeeper Series no.SA28)
19p. KEYWORDS: IIED, forest products, forestry, households,
communal tenure, nutrition, income, social forestry, economic
policy, agroforestry 3.E.2

3.F TECHNOLOGICAL AND MECHANICAL FACTORS

3625 BROILER TECHNOLOGY SHIFTS THIRD WORLD TRADE IN POULTRY AND
GRAIN. IN: World Agriculture: Situation and Outlook Report.
Vocke, G. (1988) Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.
(WAS-52 p.21-28, Oct. 1988) 9p. KEYWORDS: poultry, feed grains,
agricultural commercialization, trade, exports, chickens, poultry
feeding 3.F

3626 COSECHADORA NO DESTRUCTIVE DE PEQUENA ESCALA PARASEMILLA DE
GRAMINEAS TROPICALES. (Based on the primary author's graduate
thesis). Romero, I. (1982) Santa Cruz, Bolivia: Centro de
Investigation Agricola Tropical (CIAT)/Mision Britanica n
Agriculture Tropical. (Informe no.15) 12p. KEYWORDS: tropics,
grasses, harvesters, appropriate technology 3.F










3627 INTERNATIONAL TRANSFER AND ACQUISITION OF TECHNOLOGY: FINAL
REPORT. (Prepared for Bureau for Program and Policy Coordination,
Agency for International Development). Black, R.P. (1983)
Denver, Colo.: Univ. of Denver, Denver Research Institute. 43p.
KEYWORDS: USAID, technology transfers, diffusion of information,
development strategies, international cooperation, management,
institutional resources, appropriate technology 3.F

3628 PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS IN THE USE OF BATTERIES IN THE ULV
HAND SPRAYERS. Beeden, P. [1975?]* s.l.: P. Beeden. 8p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Nigeria, implements, pest control,
pesticide application, technology analysis 3.F

3629 SMALLHOLDER MECHANISATION: MAN, ANIMAL OR ENGINE? IN:
Outlook on Agriculture. Morris, J. (1983) (Vol.12 no.1 p.28-33,
1983) 6p. KEYWORDS: mechanization, appropriate technology,
animal power, technology analysis, economic analysis 3.F

3630 VALIDACION DE TECNOLOGIA EN CONTROL DE MALEZAS PARA PEQUEROS
AGRICULTORES: ANALISES DE EFICIENCIA ECONOMIC RELATIVE. Escobar,
G. (1983)* Turrialba, Costa Rica: G. Escobar, Centro Agron6mico
Tropical de Investigaci6n y Ensenanza (CATIE), Dept. de Produccion
Vegetal. 12p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, CATIE,
technology analysis, weed control, economic analysis 3.F

3.F.1 MECHANIZATION

3631 PROCEEDINGS OF THE REGIONAL SEMINAR ON: APPROPRIATE
MECHANIZATION FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO SMALL
FARMING IN THE ASEAN COUNTRIES, JAKARTA, INDONESIA, JANUARY 26-31,
1981. (1981) Jakarta, Indonesia: Republik of Indonesia, Dept. of
Education and Culture, Direktorat Jendral of Higher Education.
(p.31-92, 207-10, 215-24, 247-52, 256-64, 269-72) 91p. KEYWORDS:
Asia, appropriate technology, mechanization, rural development
ASIA.3.F.1

3632 WHOLE CROP HARVESTER FOR THE DEVELOPING WORLD. IN:
Developing World Agriculture 1991. Metianu, A.A. (1991) London:
Grosvenor Press International Ltd. (p.233-242) 10p. KEYWORDS:
Asia, Middle East, mechanization, farm machinery, cereals, wheat,
harvesters, processing, threshing, winnowing, appropriate
technology, straw S482/.D48/1991

3.F.2 ENERGY

3633 CARIBBEAN ALTERNATIVE ENERGY PROGRAMME. (Report on the Rural
Biogas Generation Project Formulation Meeting, Dec. 11-13, 1978,
Kingston, Jamaica). (1979) London: Commonwealth Science Council.
(CSC [78] AER-4) 27p. ,r : Latin America, Caribbean,
energy, alternative technology, biogas LATIN AMERICA.3.F.2










3634 COMPORTAMENTO DE ALGUNAS SPECIES PARA LENA EN GUATEMALA.
Martinez H., H.A. (1985) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro
Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensefanza (CATIE), Dept. de
Recursos Naturales Renovables.. 20p. KEYWORDS: Latin America,
Central America, Guatemala, CATIE, fuelwood, forestry, tree
cropping, energy GT.3.F.2

3635 COW DUNG "OPLA" AS AN ALTERNATIVE CHEAP SOURCE OF FUEL IN
PAKISTAN. Lullo, R.J. [n.d.]* Peshawar, Pakistan: R.J. Lullo.
(Also available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808,
Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel.:501-376-6836; request no.6602) 3p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan, manures, fuels, waste
utilization 3.F.2

3636 DIAGNOSTICO SOCIO-ECONOMICO SOBRE EL CONSUME Y PRODUCTION DE
LERA EN FINCAS PEQUERAS DE LA PENINSULA DE AZUERO, PANAMA. Jones,
J.R. (1982) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro Agronomico Tropical de
Investigation y Ensefanza (CATIE). (Serie Tecnica Informe Tecnico
no.32; USAID Doc. No. PN-AAM-107) 83p. KEYWORDS: Latin America,
Central America, Panama, CATIE, fuelwood, fuels, demographics,
forestry, interviews, energy PA.3.F.2

3637 MICRO-HYDROPOWER SOURCEBOOK: A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO DESIGN AND
IMPLEMENTATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. Inversin, A.R. (1986)
Washington, D.C.: NRECA -International Foundation. 275p.
KEYWORDS: hydroelectric schemes, appropriate technology,
electricity, energy, rural development TK1081/.I66/1986

3638 ROOTFUEL: AN ALTERNATIVE TO SCARCE WOODFUEL FOR RAPID
DEPLOYMENT IN ARIDLANDS OF THE WORLD. Schultz, E.B. [n.d.]
(Also available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808,
Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel.: 501-376-6836; request no.5610) 4p.
KEYWORDS: arid regions, fuelwood, deforestation, desertification,
Mexico, Senegal, Niger, Africa, Latin America 3.F.2

3639 SMALL FARM ENERGY PRIMER: AN ENERGY SAVING TOOL TO ASSIST
SMALL FARMERS IN LOWERING THE HIGH COSTS OF ENERGY INPUTS ON THEIR
FARM. (Final Report Summary). (1980) .Walthill, Neb.: Center for
Rural Affairs, Small Farm Energy Project. (July, 1980) 57p.
KEYWORDS: US, small farms, inputs, energy, appropriate technology,
solar energy, wind power, grain drying, food preservation,
fuelwood, methane US.3.F.2

3.F.3 TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER

3640 ADOPTION, SPREAD, AND PRODUCTION IMPACT OF MODERN RICE
VARIETIES IN ASIA. Herdt, R.W. (1983) Los Banos, Laguna,
Philippines: International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). 54p.
KEYWORDS: IRRI, Asia, rice, innovation adoption, varieties, high
yielding varieties, technology transfers ASIA.3.F.3









3641 BIOLOGICAL SIMULATION MODELS IN FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH.
Dent, J.B. [1989?]* Edinburgh, Scotland: J.B. Dent, Edinburgh
School of Agriculture, Division of Agricultural Resource
Management. 14p. KEYWORDS: field tests, technology transfers,
computers, models, households, appropriate technology 3.F.3

3642 DEFINITION CONCEPTUAL Y OPERATIVE DE LA DIRECTION DE
TRANSFERENCIA DE TECNOLOGIA. (Draft). Andrade Martinez, E.
(1983)* Panama City, Panama: E. Andrade Martinez. 26p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Panama, technology
transfers, national programs and projects, farming systems theory
PA.3.F.3

3643 NEW MODEL FOR TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER IN GUATEMALA: CLOSING THE
GAP BETWEEN RESEARCH AND EXTENSION. Ortiz, R. (1991) The Hague:
International Service for National Agricultural Research (ISNAR).
(OFCOR Discussion Paper no.2) 43p. KEYWORDS: ISNAR, Latin
America, Central America, Guatemala, technology transfers, national
programs and projects, farmer participation, extension, innovation
adoption ++

3644 PROGRAM FOR THE TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY APPROPRIATE TO THE
RURAL ENVIRONMENT PTTA. [n.d.]* s.l.: s.n. 36p. KEYWORDS:
appropriate technology, rural development, programs and projects,
technology transfers, project design 3.F.3

3645 PROGRAM DE TRANSFERENCIA DE TECNOLOGIA, DEL INSTITUTE DE
INVESTIGACI6N AGROPECUARIA DE PANAMA: CLIENTELE A TENDER.
Andrade Martinez, E. (1984)* Panama City, Panama: E. Andrade
Martinez. 15p. KEYWORDS: Panama, Central America, Latin
America, IDIAP, technology transfers, extension, national programs
and projects, farming systems theory PA.3.F.3

3646 PROTECTED HORTICULTURAL SYSTEMS IN THE BOLIVIAN ANDES: A
CASE STUDY OF NGOS AND INAPPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY. Kohl, B. (1991)
London: Overseas Development Institute (ODI), Agricultural
Administration Unit. (Agricultural Administration (Research and
Extension) Network Paper 29, Dec. 1991) 30p. KEYWORDS: ODI,
South America, Latin America, Bolivia, Andean region, horticulture,
technology development, NGOs, development agencies, development
policy, farmers' attitudes, farmer participation, technology
transfers BO.3.F.3

3647 RAISED FIELDS FOR LOWLAND FARMING. IN: ILEIA Newsletter.
Reijntes, C. (1991) (Vol.7 no.4 p.6-8, Dec. 1991) 3p.
KEYWORDS: tropics, salinity, lowland areas, flooding, sorjans:
ridging, raised fields, prehistoric agriculture, traditional
farming, development strategies S494.5/.S86/I44










3648 RAPID APPRAISAL OF PRODUCER FODDER BANKS IN NIGERIA. IN:
ILCA Newsletter. von Kaufmann, R. (1987) (Vol.6 no.3 p.6, July
1987) 1p. KEYWORDS: ILCA, Africa, West Africa, Nigeria, fodder,
extension, innovation adoption SF1/.I22

3649 SOME ASPECTS OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER ON FARMING SYSTEMS. IN:
International Journal for Development Technology. Warboys, I.B.
(1983) (Vol.1 p.59-69, 1983) llp. KEYWORDS: technology
transfers, appropriate technology, policy, development theory,
mechanization, problem identification T49.5/.I563

3650 TRANSFERENCIA DE TECNOLOGIA EN EL SECTOR AGROPECUARIO.
Sanchez Diez, R. (1983) Panama City, Panama: Instituto de
Investigaci6n Agropecuaria de Panama (IDIAP). 28p. KEYWORDS:
Latin America, Central America, Panama, IDIAP, national programs
and projects, technology transfers, appropriate technology,
extension, agricultural education PA.3.F.3

3.F.4 APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY

3651 AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH DESIGN, MANAGEMENT, AND ANALYSIS
SOFTWARE PROGRAM FOR MICROCOMPUTER USE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.
Everson, E.H. (1983)* E. Lansing, Mich.: E.H. Everson, Michigan
State Univ., Dept.of Crop and Soil Sciences. 14p. KEYWORDS:
computers, data interpretation, experimental design, MSTAT,
statistical analysis, economic analysis, training, appropriate
technology 3.F.4

3652 ANIMAL DRIVEN CHAIN PUMP. Mast, A.D. (1979) Arlington,
Va.: Volunteers in Technical Assistance (VITA) 32p. KEYWORDS:
appropriate technology, water transport, pumps, animal power,
handbooks 3.F.4

3653 ANIMAL-DRAWN WHEELED TOOL CARRIER. (1981) Andhra Pradesh,
India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid
tropics (ICRISAT) (Information Bulletin no.8) 8p. KEYWORDS:
ICRISAT, animal traction, implements, farm equipment 3.F.4

3654 CASSAVA GRINDER. Eaves, S.W. [n.d.] London: Intermediate
Technology Publications Ltd. (Agricultural Equipment and Tools for
Farmers Designed for Local Construction, No.27) llp. KEYWORDS:
cassava, appropriate technology, processing, postharvest
technology, handbooks, farm equipment 3.F.4

3655 DERIVING FUEL FROM FARM PRODUCE. IN: Food & Farm. Rice, B.
(1991) (Vol.1 no.l p.11-12, Jan.-March 1991) 2p. KEYWORDS:
Europe, fuels, alternative technology, resource management,
rapeseed, oilseeds S3/.F315










3656 DYNAPOD: A PEDAL POWER UNIT. Weir, A. (1980) Arlington,
Va.: Volunteers in Technical Assistance (VITA) 54p. KEYWORDS:
VITA, handbooks, postharvest technology, appropriate technology,
energy, human power 3.F.4

3657 ECOFARMING: A SYNTHESIS OF OLD AND NEW. IN: ILEIA
Newsletter. Egger, K. (1990) (Vol.6 no.2 p.3-5, June 1990;
Also available from Heifer Project International. P.O. Box 808,
Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel: 501-376-6836; request no.5502) 3p.
KEYWORDS: tropics, ecology, agroecology, ecosystems, indigenous
knowledge systems, traditional farming, traditional technology,
modernization, technology transfers, agroforestry, integrated
systems, green manures, manures S494.5/.S86/I44

3658 ECONOMICALLY APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGIES FOR DEVELOPING
COUNTRIES: A SURVEY. (Paper distributed at the workshop on
Science and Technology Priorities for International Development,
sponsored by the Office of Science and Technology, USAID, U.S.
Dept. of State, Dec.17-19, 1971, Airlie House, Warrenton, Va.).
Jackson, S. (1972) Washington, D.C.: Overseas Development
Council. 22p. KEYWORDS: appropriate technology, terminology,
constraints, economic evaluation 3.F.4

3659 EVALUATING TECHNICAL INNOVATIONS UNDER LOW-RESOURCE FARMER
CONDITIONS. IN: Experimental Agriculture. Flinn, J.C. (1980)
(Vol.16 p.91-101, 1980) lip. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa,
Nigeria, appropriate technology, technology analysis, on-farm
research, socioeconomic factors, maize, development theory
S3/.E9

3660 EVALUATION OF RESEARCH STRATEGIES FOR DEVELOPING APPROPRIATE
AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES. (Paper presented at the
International Studies Association Meeting, Washington, D.C., Feb.
25, 1978). Dahlberg, K.A. (1978)* Kalamazoo, Mich.: K.A.
Dahlberg, Western Michigan Univ., Dept. of Political Science.
29p. KEYWORDS: research strategies, research development
objectives, appropriate technology, evaluation of research
3.F.4

3661 HAND-OPERATED BAR MILL FOR DECORTICATING SUNFLOWER SEED.
Beaumont, J.H. (1980) London: Tropical Products Institute.
(Rural Technology Guide No.9) 32p. KEYWORDS: postharvest
technology, milling, processing, appropriate technology, sunflowers
++

3662 HAND-OPERATED DISC MILL FOR DECORTICATING SUNFLOWER SEED.
Beaumont, J.H. (1980) London: Tropical Products Institute.
(Rural Technology Guide No.10) 34p. KEYWORDS: postharvest
technology, milling, appropriate technology, sunflowers, processing
++










3663 HAND-OPERATED WINNOWER. Beaumont, J.H. (1980) London:
Tropical Products Insititute. (Rural Technology Guide No.11) 28p.
KEYWORDS: postharvest technology, winnowing, appropriate
technology ++

3664 HANDPUMPS FOR VILLAGE WELLS. Spangler, C.D. (1975)
Arlington, Va.: Volunteers in Technical Assistance (VITA) 15p.
KEYWORDS: appropriate technology, pumps, water use, water
transport, handbooks, wells 3.F.4

3665 HARROWS: TRIANGULAR SPIKE-TOOTH, HIGH CLEARANCE PEG TOOTH,
FLEXIBLE PEG TOOTH, JAPANESE HARROW. [n.d.] London: Intermediate
Technology Publications Ltd. (Agricultural Equipment and Tools for
Farmers Designed for Local Construction) 5p. KEYWORDS:
appropriate technology, harrowing, farm equipment, handbooks
3.F.4

3666 HOW BIG IS THAT FIELD? IN: ILCA Newsletter. Lawrence, P.
(1991) (Vol.19 no.4 p.7-8, Oct. 1991; Also available from Heifer
Project International., P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel:
501-376-6836; request no.6404) 2p. KEYWORDS: field sizes,
computer software, handbooks, appropriate technology SF1/.I22

3667 IMPROVED TECHNOLOGY FOR HIGHER FARM YIELDS. IN: Development
and Cooperative. Reeves, J. (1991) (No.1 p.29, 1991) lp.
KEYWORDS: Africa, ILCA, appropriate technology, animal traction,
implements, plowing HC60/.D455

3668 INDIGENOUS SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION IN AFRICA. Reij, C.
(1991) London: International Institute for Environment and
Development (IIED), Sustainable Agriculture Programme. (Gatekeeper
Series no.SA27) 32p. KEYWORDS: Africa, soil conservation, water
conservation, indigenous knowledge systems, traditional technology,
socioeconomic conditions AFRICA.3.F.4

3669 LESS IS MORE: AGROECOLOGY AND PEASANT FARMING IN LATIN
AMERICA. IN: WEI Reports. Alturi, M. (1991) (no.29 p.17-20,
1991; Also available from Heifer Project International., P.O. Box
808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel: 501-376-6836; request no.6308)
4p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Chile, peasant farming, appropriate
technology, self sufficiency, fertilizers, agroecology, training
LATIN AMERICA.3.F.4

3670 LOW INPUT TECHNOLOGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS.
IN: Policy for Agricultural Research. V.W. Ruttan and C.E. Pray,
eds. Harwood R.R. (1987) Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.
(p.319-31) 13p. KEYWORDS: inputs, appropriate technology,
national programs and projects, sustainable agriculture, technology
application, terminology, integrated systems S540/.A2/P65/1987)










3671 MANUAL ON THE HYDRAULIC RAM FOR PUMPING WATER. Watt, S.B.
(1978) London: Intermediate Technology Publications Ltd. 40p.
KEYWORDS: IT, pumps, handbooks, water management, appropriate
technology 3.F.4

3672 NEW IMPLEMENTS FOR CROP PRODUCTION IN THE SEMI-ARID TROPICS.
Awadhwal, N.K. (1989) Patancheru, India: International Crops
Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT).
(Information Bulletin no.27, 1989) 16p. KEYWORDS: ICRISAT,
semiarid zones, tropics, implements, appropriate technology
3.F.4

3673 PLANTS, GENES AND PEOPLE: IMPROVING THE RELEVANCE OF PLANT
BREEDING. (Abbreviated version of a paper in Experimental
Agriculture, Vol.26 p.341-62, 1990). Haugerud, A. (1991) London:
International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED),
Sustainable Agriculture Programme. (Gatekeeper Series no.SA30)
17p. KEYWORDS: IIED, plant breeding, Africa, IARCs, farmer
participation, farmers' attitudes, improved varieties, indigenous
knowledge systems, potatoes, maize, innovation adoption, technology
transfers, sustainable agriculture, research policy AFRICA.3.F.4

3674 PLYWOOD WORKBOATS FOR SMALLSCALE FISHERIES. Visel, T.C.
(1982) Kingston, R.I.: Univ. of Rhode Island, International
Center for Marine Resource Development. 46p. KEYWORDS:
fisheries, fishing, appropriate technology, boats, handbooks
3.F.4

3675 POOR MAN'S WISDOM TECHNOLOGY AND THE VERY POOR. Moyes, A.
(1979) Oxford, England: Oxfam. 40p. KEYWORDS: Oxfam,
appropriate technology, technology analysis, political attitudes,
technology transfers, indigenous knowledge systems 3.F.4

3676 RIGHT BALANCE. IN: African Farming. Mabbett, T. (1991)
(p.16, March/April 1991) ip. KEYWORDS: chickens, livestock
feeding, feed requirements, appropriate technology,- poultry
AFRICA.3.F.4

3677 SALAWEPUMP CONSTRUCTION MANUAL. (1975) Amsterdam: Tool
Foundation. 12p. KEYWORDS: appropriate technology, water use,
pumps, handbooks 3.F.4

3678 SWING PUMP. Blair Research Laboratory, [n.d.] Salisbury,
Zimbabwe: Blair Research Laboratory, Box 8105. 2p. KEYWORDS:
pumps, water management, handbooks, appropriate technology 3.F.4

3679 TECHNOLOGY FOR GARDEN IRRIGATION. Lambert, R. [n.d.] s.1.:
s.n. (p.10-11; Also available from Heifer Project International,
P.O. Box 308, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel.:501-376-6835; request.
no.6201) 2p. KEYWORDS: ODA, irrigation, pumps, water,
appropriate technology 3.F.4










3680 TECHNOLOGY TO BENEFIT THE POOR: A REVIEW OF ODA'S
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY PROGRAMME. Biggs, S.D. (1981) Norwich,
England: Univ. of East Anglia, School of Development Studies.
(Manual/Report Series no.12, March 1985 (reprint)) 57p. KEYWORDS:
ODA, appropriate technology, policy, programs and projects,
development agencies, organizational structures 3.F.4

3681 THRESHING TECHNIQUES IN BANGLADESH. IN: Postharvest
technologies; implications for food policy analysis. Greeley, M.
(1991) Washington, D.C.: World Bank. (p.21-43, 71-75) 28p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Bangladesh, case studies, appropriate
technology, threshing, postharvest technology, socioeconomic
conditions, economic analysis HD9046/.B22/G74/1991

3682 TRADITIONAL BORANA MILK PROCESSING EFFICIENT USE OF SUBTLE
FACTORS NEEDS FURTHER RESEARCH. IN: ILCA Newsletter. Bekele, E.
(1987) (Vol.6 no.4 p.4-5, Oct. 1987) 2p. KEYWORDS: ILCA,
Africa, East Africa, Ethiopia, pastoral systems, milk, processing,
indigenous knowledge systems, dairy cattle, traditional technology
SF1/.I22

3683 UNDERGROUND RABBITRY. [n.d.]* s.l.: s.n. (Also available
from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark.
72203; tel.:501-376-6836; request no.6601) 5p. KEYWORDS:
rabbits, animal husbandry, appropriate technology 3.F.4

3684 WEEDER MULCHER. Intermediate Technology, [n.d.] London:
Intermediate Technology Publications Ltd. 8p. KEYWORDS: IT,
farm equipment, tools, mulching, implements, handbooks 3.F.4

3.F.5 RECOMMENDED TECHNOLOGY

3685 APPLICATION OF MICRO-COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY TO INTERNATIONAL
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT. IN: Agricultural
Administration. Duff, B. (1984) (Vol.17 p.135-48, 1984) 8p.
KEYWORDS: IRRI, agricultural research, multidisciplinary research,
computers HD1401/.A36

3686 BIOTECHNOLOGY IN AGRICULTURE: IMPLICATIONS FOR
SUSTAINABILITY. (Symposium Proceedings). (1986)* Washington,
D.C.: s.n. 61p. KEYWORDS: biotechnology, research philosophy,
research development objectives, alternative farming, public
sector, small businesses, on-farm testing, technology analysis
3.F.5

3687 NOTES ON TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE, MODERN KNOWLEDGE AND RURAL
DEVELOPMENT. (IDS Workshop in the Use of Indigenous Technical
Knowledge in Rural Development). Swift, J. [n.d.]* s.l.: J.
Swift. 5p. KEYWORDS: traditional farming, traditional
technology, indigenous knowledge systems, technological change,
technology transfers 3.F.5









3688 PERSPECTIVES ON ASSESSING THE IMPACTS OF IMPROVED
AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGIES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. IN: Australian
Journal of Agricultural Economics. Hardaker, J.B. (1984)
(Vol.28 no.2-3 p.87-108, Aug./Dec. 1984) 12p. KEYWORDS:
technology analysis, rural development, development theory,
technology transfers 3.F.5

3689 PREVENTION OF FOOD LOSSES PROGRAMME. (Report on the
Consultancy Mission on Rice Harvesting, Threshing, Drying and
Cleaning Equipment, June 13-August 14, 1981). Ilangantileke, S.G.
(1982) Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
Nations (FAO) 59p. KEYWORDS: FAO, Asia, Africa, rice, food
security, harvesting, threshing, winnowing, drying, equipment,
postharvest systems, alternative technology, recommended technology
3.F.5

4 HUMAN ELEMENT: ENDOGENOUS FACTORS (HOUSEHOLD)

3690 ECONOMICS OF DUG WELLS. van Nieuwkoop, M. (1990) Peshawar,
Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept.
of Planning & Development. (PATA Pub. 47) 58p. KEYWORDS:
Pakistan, Asia, South Asia, irrigation, wells, cropping systems,
yields, yield factors, models, income, PATA Groundwater Irrigation
Project PK.4

3691 ENTERPRISE ANALYSIS FOR SUSTAINABLE FARMING: CASE STUDIES AT
HOUSEHOLD AND COMMUNITY LEVELS. (Paper submitted for presentation
at the 11th Annual FSR/E Symposium, Michigan State Univ., E.
Lansing, Mich., Oct. 5-10, 1991). Das, C.S. [1991?]*
Narendrapur, India: C.S. Das, Ramakrishna Mission Lokasiksha
Parishad. 14p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, India, on-farm
research, farmer participation, inputs, yields, rain-fed farming,
rice, households, income, vegetables, women, mixed farming,
livestock, fish, poultry, goats IN.4

3692 ESTRATEGIAS DE REPRODUCCION DE LA ECONOMIC CAMPESINA EN
IMBABURA. Uquillas, J. (1985) Ithaca, N.Y./Quito, Ecuador:
Cornell Univ./Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias
(INIAP) (Proyecto INIAP-Cornell Working Paper 85.SE.5,
AID/DSAN/XII 6-0261) 30p. KEYWORDS: South America, Latin
America, Ecuador, case studies, socioeconomic analysis, production
strategies EC.4










3693 FARM SYSTEM AND HOUSEHOLD ECONOMY AS FRAMEWORKS FOR
PRIORITISING AND APPRAISING TECHNICAL RESEARCH: A CRITICAL
APPRAISAL OF CURRENT APPROACHES. IN: Rural Households in Emerging
Societies: Technology and Change in Sub-Saharan Africa. Hunt, D.
(1991) New York: Berg Publishers Limited. (p.49-76, 1991) 28p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, rural households, case studies, rural
development, development theory, households, economic analysis,
models, appropriate technology, non-farm employment
HN780/.Z9/C6722/1991

3694 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND ANTHROPOLOGY: A NOTE ON THE
CHAYANOV PRODUCTION FUNCTION. Baber, W.L. [n.d.]* W. Lafayette,
Ind.: W.L. Baber, Purdue Univ., Department of Sociology and
Anthropology. 17p. KEYWORDS: anthropology, economic
development, social change, social analysis, analytical methods
4

3695 GROWTH CYCLE, INCOME STREAM AND DECISION-MAKING: A CASE
STUDY OF YORUBA SMALLHOLDERS. IN: Nigerian Journal of Economic
and Social Studies. Zuckerman, P.S. (1978) (Vol.20 p.273-93,
1978) llp. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Nigeria, development
programs, farmers' attitudes, resource control, resource use, age
HB1/.N5

3696 HERRAMIENTA DE ANALISES DE ASPECTS ECNOMICOS: EL CASO DEL
MODELO SECTORIAL. IN: Perspectivas de la Investigaci6n
Agropecuaria para el Altiplano. Luis Argielles and RUben Dari6
Estrada, eds. Ccama, F. (1991) Lima, Peru; Proyecto de
Investigaci6n en Sistemas Agropecuarios Andinos (PISA). (p.67-86)
19p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Peru, Andean region,
Altiplano, economic analysis, mathematical models, linear
programming, models, yields ++

3697 HOUSEHOLD AND RELATIONS OF PRODUCTION IN SOUTHERN PERU. IN:
Comparative Studies in Society and History. Collins, J.L. (1986)
(Vol.28 no.4 p.651-71, Oct. 1986) 20p. KEYWORDS: Latin America,
South America, Peru, households, demographics, production,
peasantry, resource allocation H1/.C73

3698 IMPORTANCIA DEL CACAO EN LA PRODUCTION INGRESO Y USO DE
RECURSOS EN FINCAS DE LA REGION BRUNCA DE COSTA RICA. Jimenez V.,
G. (1982) Turrialba, Costa Rica: G. Jimenez V., Centro
Aqronomico Tropical de Investigaci6n y Ensefanza (CATIE), Dept. de
Produccion Vegetal. 21p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central
America, Costa Rica, cocoa, income, economic resources, crop
production, inputs CR.4










3699 OPPORTUNITIES FOR ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF COMPONENT TECHNOLOGY
AT FIELD SITES. Flinn, J.C. [1980?]* Los Bahos, Laguna,
Philippines: J.C. Flinn, International Rice Research Institute.
(p.69-96) 27p. KEYWORDS: economic analysis, yields, income,
budget analysis, project appraisal 4

3700 PAYSANS DU NORD-CAMEROUN FACE AU RISQUE CLIMATIQUE. (Paper
prepared for the International Conference on the Impact of Climatic
Variation on Sustainable Development of Semi-arid Regions ICID,
Forteleza, Brasil, Jan. 27-Feb. 1992). Bikoi, A. [1992?]*
Yaounde, Cameroun: A. Bikoi, Mesires/ORSTOM (Office de la
Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer). 8p. KEYWORDS:
Africa; West Africa, Cameroon, rain-fed farming, erosion, climatic
factors, risk, mountains, plains, indigenous knowledge systems
CM.4

3701 PRODUCTION Y PRODUCTIVIDAD DE LOS RECURSOS ASIGNADOS A GRANOS
BASICOS EN FINCAS PEQUERAS DE MATA GALPA, NICARAGUA. Treminio Ch.,
R. (1981)* Turrialba, Costa Rica: R. Treminio Ch., Centro
Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensehanza (CATIE). 16p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Nicaragua, CATIE,
models, food grains, food production, cost benefit analysis,
resource allocation, labor requirements, pesticides, fertilizers
NI.4

3702 REMOVING CONSTRAINTS TO SMALL FARM PRODUCTION: THE CAQUEZA
PROJECT. (Version of a paper presented at the annual meeting of
Canadian Agricultural Economics Society, Brandon, Manitoba, June
22-25, 1975). Zandstra, H.G. (1976) Ottawa, Canada:
International Development Research Center (IDRC). 32p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Colombia, innovation
adoption, income, rural development, marketing, credit, risk
HD1885/.C32/Z36


4.A GOALS AND RISKS

3703 CLIMA A LA COMERCIALIZACION: UN RIESGO PUEDE OCULTAR OTRO:
EJEMPLOS SOBRE EL ALTIPLANO PERUANO. IN: Agriculture y Sociedad.
Morlon, P. (1987) (No.45 p.133-82, Oct./Dec. 1987) 50p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Peru, Altiplano,
commercialization, climatic factors, risk, temperature, frost
protection, traditional farming, resource allocation, food security
PE.4.A

3704 STRATEGIES TO PROMOTE LIVESTOCK INSURANCE INDIA'S
EXPERIENCE. IN: Asian Livestock. (1991) (p.78-81, July 1991)
4p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, India, Nepal. insurance.
livestock, program implementation ASIA.4.A










3705 RAPPORT SUR LES CARACTERISTIQUES DE RISQUE DES TECHNOLOGIES
MIL-NIEBE TESTEES EN MILIEU REEL A MAIGUERO ET RIGIAL OBANDAWAKI.
Lowenberg-DeBoer, J. (1992) Niamey, Niger: Institut National de
Recherches Agronomiques du Niger, Departement de Recherches en
Economic Rurale. (Programme de Recherche sur le Systemes de
Production Agricole, Doc. no.27F) 33p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West
Africa, Niger, millets, cowpeas, risk, technology analysis, on-farm
trials NE.4.A

4.B ECONOMIC INPUTS

3706 CONTRAINTES SOCIO-ECONOMIQUES AU NIVEAU DE L'EXPLOITATION
POUR L'INTENSIFICATION DE LA CULTURE DE NIEBE AU NIGER. Abdoulaye,
T. (1991) Niamey, Niger: Ministere de l'Agriculture et de
l'Elevage, Institut National de Recherches Agronomiques de Niger,
Department de Recherches en Economie Rurale. (Programme de
Recherches sur les Systemes de Production Agricole, Doc. no. 24F)
66p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sahel, West Africa, Niger, cowpeas, family
labor, soil fertility, capital, socioeconomic constraints, millets,
intercropping, improved varieties, crop rotations NE.4.B

3707 COST OF PRODUCING PALAY IN LAGUNA (WET SEASON, 1975-76). IN:
Cost of Producing Palay. Abarientos, E.P. (1977) Los Bahos,
Laguna, Philippines: Univ. of the Philippines, Dept. of
Agricultural Economics. (Series No.9, Feb. 1977) 50p. KEYWORDS:
Asia, Southeast Asia, Philippines, palay, economic analysis,
yields, fertilizers, cost benefit analysis PH.4.B

3708 INCORPORATING DISTANCE CONSTRAINTS IN THE ANALYSIS OF PEASANT
FARMING SYSTEMS. McCall, M.K. (1984) Enschede, The Netherlands:
Twente Univ. of Technology, Technology and Development Group.
(Working Paper no.9) 37p. KEYWORDS: Africa, village-level
studies, labor, fuelwood, animal husbandry, socioeconomic
conditions, data collection, decision making, women, distance
travelled, constraints, time allocation AFRICA.4.B

3709 LABOR AND LAND USE ON MIXED FARMS IN THE PASTORAL ZONE OF
NIGER. Eddy, E.D. (1979) Ann Arbor, Mich.: Univ. of Michigan,
Center for Research on Economic Development (CRED) for U.S. Agency
for International Development (USAID). 493p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
West Africa, Niger, pastoral systems, land use, labor, mixed
farming, markets, livestock management, cattle, goals, households,
food consumption, millets, sorghum HD9427/.A42/L781/1979/vol.3

4.B.1 LAND

3710 DISTRIBUTIONS OF LAND HOLDINGS FROM THE NATIONAL SAMPLE
SURVEY. IN: Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics. Sawant,
S.D. (1990) (Vol.45 no.2 p.134-140, April-June 1990) 7p.
KEYWORDS: India, Asia, South Asia, surveys, land tenure, rural
organization, land use HD101/.I533










3711 LAND OPERATIONSHIP AND TENANCY TN MADHYA PRADESH. IN:
Agricultural Situation in India. Jain, H.C. (1990) (Vol.45 no.7
p.457-60, Oct. 1990) 4p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, India, land
tenure, land reform, tenancy HD207/.A75

4.B.2 LABOR MANAGEMENT

3712 LABOUR REQUIREMENTS SURVEY FOR VARIOUS CROPS IN NORTHERN
BUNER. Khan, N. (1991) Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic Republic of
Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept. of Planning & Development.
(PATA Pub. 70) 73p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan, labor
requirements, labor allocation, surveys, socioeconomic conditions,
cash crops, division of labor, PATA Groundwater Irrigation Project
PK.4.B.2

4.C ECONOMIC OUTPUT

3713 FORESTS, TREES AND HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY. IN: Developing
World Agriculture, 1991. Falconer, J. (1991) London: Grosvenor
Press International Ltd. (p.194-206) 13p. KEYWORDS: food
security, forest products, agroforestry, fodder, fuelwood, tree
crops, food supply, households, income, employment
S482/.D48/1991

3714 PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN IN HOMESTEAD KAKROL PRODUCTION WITH
ITS ECONOMIC VIABILITY IN BANGLADESH. (Paper submitted for
presentation at the llth Annual FSR/E Symposium, Michigan State
Univ., E. Lansing, Mich., Oct. 5-10, 1991). Ullah, M.M. [1991?]*
Joydebpur, Bangladesh: M.M. Ullah, Bangladesh Agricultural
Research Institute (BARI), On-Farm Research Division. 15p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Bangladesh, women, households, cost
benefit analysis, demographics, kakrol BD.4.C

4.C.1 INCOME

3715 ALGUNAS CONSIDERACIONES METODOLOGICAS EN EL STUDIO DE
DESIGUALDADES. Francis, J.D. (1984) Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell
Univ., Dept. of Rural Sociology. (Bean/Cowpea CRSP Working Paper
84.56, July 1984) 16p. KEYWORDS: US, poverty, research
methodology, income, institutions, socioeconomic analysis 4.C.l

3716 LOW-INCOME GROUPS IN BRAZILIAN AGRICULTURE: A PROGRESS
REPORT. Patrick, G.F. (1975) W. Lafayette, Ind.: Purdue Univ.,
Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Experiment Station.
(Station Bulletin No.79, April 1975) 39p. KEYWORDS: Latin
America, South America, Brazil, income distribution, socioeconomic
factors, households, education, migration, research design, poverty
BR.4.C.1










4.C.2 FOOD

3717 ROLE OF SOYBEAN IN SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN AFRICA. IN:
Africa's Agricultural Development in the 1990's: Can It Be
Sustained? (Proceedings of a Workshop, May 14-18, 1991, Arusha,
Tanzania). Katoh, K. (1991) s.l.: Centre for Applied Studies in
International Negotiations (CASIN), Sasakawa Africa Association
(SAA), Global 2000, Inc. (p.141-49) 9p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
soybeans, sustainable agriculture, Asia, food legumes, food supply,
protein, technology transfers, soy products ++ (ACJ8646)

3718 VEGETABLES THROUGHOUT THE YEAR. IN: Baptist Farmer. Tacio,
H.D. (1991) (p.2-3, July 1991; Also available from Heifer
Project International, Little Rock, Ark. 72203; tel: 501-376-6836;
request no.6310) 2p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia,
Philippines, gardens, self sufficiency, handbooks, cropping systems
PH.4.C.2

5 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3719 AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH FOR RESOURCE-POOR FARMERS, PART II: A
PARSIMONIOUS PARADIGM. IN: Agricultural Administration &
Extension. Chambers, R. (1987) (Vol.27 p.109-128, 1987) 20p.
KEYWORDS: farmer participation, indigenous knowledge systems,
on-farm research, farmers' attitudes, research methodology,
technology transfers HD1401.A36

3720 ANALYSIS REGIONAL DE LOS SISTEMAS DE PRODUCTION AGROPECUARIA
EN MANABI, ECUADOR. Uquillas, J. [1987?]* Ecuador: J. Uquillas.
26p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Ecuador, regional
planning, national programs and projects, cowpeas, beans, project
appraisal, sondeos, socioeconomic conditions EC.5

3721 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH PROGRAM:
1975-76. (Informal report). Krantz, B.A. (1976) Hyderabad,
India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid
Tropics (ICRISAT). (April 1975 March 1976) 70p. KEYWORDS:
ICRISAT, semiarid tropics, annual reports, research institutes,
research design, land use, conservation 5

3722 APPROACHES OF THE ON-FARM AGRONOMIST: ILLUSTRATED
METHODOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS. Sebillote, M. (1989) Nakhom
Pathom, Thailand: Kasetsart Univ. 36p. KEYWORDS: on-farm
trials, agronomy, yields, experimental design, farming systems
theory, research methodology, surveys, problem identification,
models 5










3723 DESIGN AND TESTING PROCEDURES IN LIVESTOCK SYSTEMS RESEARCH:
AN AGRO-PASTORAL EXAMPLE. von Kaufmann, R. [1980?] Kaduna,
Nigeria: R. von Kaufmann: ILCA, Subhumid Zone Program. 18p.
KEYWORDS: ILCA, Africa, West Africa, Nigeria, subtropics, animal
production, cattle, methodology, planning of research, pastoral
systems, problem identification, testing, small ruminants, mixed
systems NG.5

3724 ESTRATEGIA PARA LA IMPLEMENTATION Y DESAROLLO DE LA
INVESTIGATION AGROPECUARIA EN LA REGION DE LOS LLANOS CENTRALES DE
VENEZUELA. Fr6meta Bello, L. [1980?]* Venezuela: Centro de
Investigaciones Agropecuarias de la region de los Llanos Centrales
(CIARLLACEN), Fondo Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias.
38p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Venezuela,
implementation of research, research strategies VE.5

3725 ETHNOLOGY: A GLOBAL APPROACH IN FARMING SYSTEM. IN:
Proceedings of the Franco-Thai Workshop on Natural Rubber -
"Tapping Practices on Smallholdings in Southern Thailand", Nov.
21-24, 1989. Hat Yai. Pattani. Thailand. Ivanoff, J. (1990) Hat
Yai, Thailand: Songkhla Rubber Research Centre. (p.51-73) 23p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Thailand, interdisciplinary
research, anthropology, rubber, socioeconomic conditions, cultural
ecology, ethnology, agroforestry ++

3726 EVALUACION DE LA ACEPTACION DE LA TECNOLOGIA GENERADA POR
ICTA PARA EL CULTIVO DE MAIZ EN LA REGION I, 1975. Ruano A., S.R.
(1976) Guatemala City, Guatemala: Instituto de Ciencia y
Tecnologia Agricolas (ICTA), Ministerio de Agricultura del Gobierno
de Guatemala, Sector Publico Agricola. 23p. KEYWORDS: Latin
America, Central America, Guatemala, ICTA, maize, innovation
adoption, technology transfers, evaluation, methodology GT.5

3727 EVALUATING TECHNOLOGIES WITH SMALL FARMERS. IN: Developing
World Agriculture, 1991. Ashby, J.A. (1991) London: Grosvenor
Press International Ltd. (p.12-19) 8p. KEYWORDS: farmer
participation, technology transfers, farmers' attitudes, planning
of research, innovation adoption, technology analysis, evaluation
of research S482/.D48/1991

3728 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH: 1976 PROGRAM AND SUMMARY OF
RESULTS. (Informal Report). Krantz, B.A. (1976) Hyderabad,
India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid
Tropics (ICRISAT) 62p. KEYWORDS: ICRISAT, annual reports,
project evaluation, agroclimatology, hydrology, machinery,
agronomy, land management, water management, watersheds, soils
5









3729 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH: A CHANGE IN FORM BUT NOT IN
CONTENT. Oasa, E.K. (1984)* s.l.: E.K. Oasa. 20p. KEYWORDS:
FSSP, analysis, development theory, farming systems theory, history
5

3730 FRANCOPHONE AND ANGLOPHONE FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH:
SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES. IN: Farming Systems Research and
Development in Thailand. Guy Trebuil, ed. Pillot, D. (1988)
Haad Yai, Thailand: Prince of Songkla Univ., Thai-French Farming
Systems Research Project. (p.3-25) 23p. KEYWORDS: research
methodology, Anglophone research, Francophone research, farming
systems theory, innovation adoption, diffusion of information,
evaluation of research, research theory ++

3731 INTEGRATING NUTRITIONAL CONCERNS INTO ADAPTIVE SMALL FARM
RESEARCH PROGRAMS. IN: Anthropology and Food Policy: Human
Dimensions of Food Policy in Africa and Latin America D.E.
McMillan, ed. DeWalt, K.M. (1991) Athens, Ga.: Univ of Georgia
Press. (p.126-44; Southern Anthropological Society Proceedings,
No.24) 10p. KEYWORDS: nutrition, food, health, malnutrition,
food consumption, women, labor requirements, farming systems
theory, research methodology GN2/.S9243/no.24

3732 LIMITS OF FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT: SHOULD
DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATORS BE INTERESTED? IN: Agricultural
Administration. Oasa, E.K. (1986) (vol.23 p.201-21. 1986) 21p.
KEYWORDS: agricultural research, appropriate technology, research
methodology, constraints, development strategies, socioeconomic
conditions, farming systems theory HD1401/.A36

3733 METHODOLOGICAL INNOVATION FOR RUBBER RESEARCH IN SOUTHERN
THAILAND: THE SYSTEMATIC APPROACH OF THE NATIVE KNOWLEDGE OF THE
FARMERS AND THE REAL CONDITIONS OF PRODUCTION AT THREE LEVELS OF
PERCEPTION. IN: 1991 Annual Research Conference Experts'
Presentation. April 22-26, 1991. Hat Yai. Songkhla, Thailand.
Besson, I. (1991) Bangkok, Thailand: Thailand Dept. of
Agriculture. (p.4-6) 3p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia,
Thailand, national programs and projects, rubber, tapping, hevea,
surveys, constraints, research methodology, yields, agroforestry,
indigenous knowledge systems TH.5

3734 METODOLOGIA PARA TRABAJAR CON EXTENSIONISTAS DEL MIDA.
Andrade Martinez, E. (1984)* s.l.: E. Andrade Martinez. 23p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Panama, IDIAP, national
programs and projects, extension, human resources, problem
identification, institutions, research methodology PA.5










3735 ON-FARM EXPERIMENTATION: PROCEDURES AND METHODS. IN:
Proceedings of the Franco-Thai Workshop on Natural Rubber -
"Tapping Practices on Smallholdings in Southern Thailand", Nov.
21-24. 1989. Hat Yai/Pattani. Thailand. Jouve, P. (1990) Hat
Yai, Thailand: Songkhla Rubber Research Centre. (p.149-168) 20p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Thailand, on-farm research,
research methodology, planning of research, problem identification,
rapid rural appraisal, surveys, farmer participation, economic
analysis, evaluation of research, innovation adoption ++

3736 PARTICIPATORY-ACTION-RESEARCH AND THE FARMING SYSTEMS
APPROACH WITH HIGHLAND PEASANTS. Fernandez, M. (1986) Columbia,
Mo.: Univ. of Missouri, Department of Rural Sociology. (Small
Ruminant Collaborative Research Support Program Technical Report
Series No. 75) 33p. KEYWORDS: South America, Latin America,
Peru, Andean region, highlands, appropriate technology, indigenous
knowledge systems, traditional farming, traditional technology,
extension, research methodology, socioeconomic conditions, small
ruminants LATIN AMERICA.5

3737 PROGRESS TOWARDS FARMER PARTICIPATION, A BROAD
INTERDISCIPLINARY FOCUS AND AN APPLIED ORIENTATION IN FSR/E.
(Paper prepared for presentation at the Farming Systems Research
and Extension Symposium, Univ. of Arkansas, October 11, 1987).
Villa, I. (1987)* East Lansing, Mich: I. Villa, Michigan State
Univ., Dept. of Resource Development. 15p. KEYWORDS: farmer
participation, multidisciplinary research, research strategies,
development planning 5

3738 ROLE OF CASE STUDIES IN FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH. IN:
Agricultural Administration. Maxwell, S. (1986) (Vol.21
p.147-80, 1986) 34p. KEYWORDS: case studies, interdisciplinary
research, Bolivia, South America, Latin America, social science,
data collection, research methodology HD1401/.A36

3739 SISTEMAS DE EXPLORAqAO PARA AS PROPRIEDADES DO TROPICO
SEMI-ARIDO DO NORDESTE; REGIAO-SERID6. (1982) Brasilia, Brazil:
Empresa Brasileira de Assistdncia Tecnica e Extensao Rural
(EMBRATER) (Estudos diversos, 12) 28p. KEYWORDS: Latin America,
South America, Brazil, semiarid tropics, farmer participation,
water, soils, credit, markets BR.5

3740 SMALL FARMER CROPPING SYSTEMS PROJECT (CATIE/ROCAP), WITH
EXAMPLES OF OPERATION IN HONDURAS. Casement, S. (1982)*
Manhattan, Kans.: S. Casement, Kansas .State Univ. 14p.
KEYWORDS: Central America, Latin America, Honduras, CATIE,
cropping systems, project design, project appraisal, evaluation,
farmer participation HN.5










3741 TALLER INTERNATIONAL SOBRE SISTEMAS AGRICOLAS (FARMING
SYSTEMS), SANTIAGO, CHILE, JULY 30-AUG.3, 1984. (1984) Santiago,
Chile: FAO, Regional Office for Latin America. 42p. KEYWORDS:
Latin America, research development objectives, technology
transfers LATIN AMERICA.5

5.A SURVEY TECHNIQUES (DESCRIPTIVE AND DIAGNOSTIC METHODS)

3742 AGRONOMIC TECHNIQUES FOR THE DIAGNOSIS OF FARMERS' PROBLEMS.
(Research and Methodology Notes). Lightfoot, C. (1984)* El
Batan, Mexico: Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y
Trigo (CIMMYT). 5p. KEYWORDS: agronomy, project design,
project evaluation, problem identification, development objectives,
target selection 5.A

3743 APROXIMACI6N METOLOGICA AL DIAGN6STICO DELIMITADO PRO EL
PROGRAM DE TRANSFERENCIA DE TECHNOLOGIA. Andrade Martinez, E.
(1983)* Panama: E. Andrade Martinez, IDIAP. 14p. KEYWORDS:
Latin America, Central America, Panama, rural development,
technology transfers, rapid rural appraisal, research methodology,
national programs and projects PA.5.A

3744 BEWARE THE PITFALLS IN SMALLHOLDERS SURVEYS. IN: Partners
in Research for Development. Allen, B. (1991) (No.4 p.25-31,
April 1991) 7p. KEYWORDS: ACIAR, Oceania, Papua New Guinea,
surveys, coffee, cocoa, copra, tree crops, subsistence farming,
processing, marketing systems, women, income, socioeconomic
conditions, data collection, remote sensing PG.5.A

3745 BREAKDOWN POINTS IN THE DATA GATHERING PROCESS. Matlon, P.J.
[n.d.]* s.l.: International Crop Research Institute for the
Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), West African Programme. (p.8-18)
llp. KEYWORDS: data collection, interviews, surveys, research
methodology 5.A

3746 COMPARING THE RESULTS OF AN INFORMAL SURVEY WITH THOSE OF A
FORMAL SURVEY: A CASE STUDY OF FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH/EXTENSION
(FSR/E) IN MIDDLE KIRINYAGA, KENYA. (Paper submitted to the
Farming Systems Research/Extension Symposium, Kansas State Univ.,
Manhattan, Kan., Oct. 7-10, 1984). Franzel S. (1984)*
Washington D.C.: S. Franzel, Development Alternatives Inc. 26p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, surveys, informal surveys,
case studies, research design, data evaluation KE.5.A

3747 DESIGNING AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT:
ICRAF'S D&D APPROACH. Raintree, J.B. (1984) Nairobi, Kenya:
International Council for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF) 19p.
-F.'OP : ICRAF, agroforestry, rural development, research design,
evaluation of research, diagnosis, solution design 5.A









3748 DIAGNOSING RESEARCH AND EXTENSION PRIORITIES 73fP FARMING
SYSTEMS IN NIKPIKHEL (SWAT). van Nieuwkoop M. (1990) Peshawar,
Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept.
of Planning & Development. (PATA Pub. 62) 81p. KEYWORDS: Asia,
South Asia, Pakistan, diagnosis, rapid rural appraisal, research
methodology, socioeconomic conditions, geography, climatic factors,
extension, cropping systems, livestock systems, irrigation,
rain-fed farming, research objectives, surveys, PATA Groundwater
Irrigation Project PK.5.A

3749 DIAGNOSING RESEARCH AND EXTENSION PRIORITIES FOR SUGARCANE
CULTIVATION IN BUNER. Naeem, M. (1991) Peshawar, Pakistan:
Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept. of Planning
& Development. (PATA Pub. 64) 37p. KEYWORDS: Pakistan, Asia,
South Asia, sugarcane, cropping systems, cash crops, labor
requirements, rapid rural appraisal, PATA Groundwater Irrigation
Project PK.5.A

3750 DIAGNOSING RESEARCH AND EXTENSION PRIORITIES FOR TOMATO
CULTIVATION IN NIKPIKHEL (SWAT). Defoer, T. (1990) Peshawar,
Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept.
of Planning & Development. (PATA Pub. 63) 48p. KEYWORDS: Asia,
South Asia, Pakistan, agroecology, tomatoes, cropping systems, crop
management, pests, pest management, PATA Groundwater Irrigation
Project PK.5.A

3751 EXECUTION OF RAPID RURAL APPRAISALS: A MANUAL. Gul, S.
(1991) Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of
N.W.F.P., Dept. of Planning & Development. (PATA Pub. 73) 29p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan, rapid rural appraisal,
handbooks, national programs and projects, PATA Groundwater
Irrigation Project PK.5.A

3752 GUIA DE DIAGNOSTIC A NIVEL DE AGROSISTEMAS. Pinchinat, A.M.
(1984) Lima, Peru: Instituto Interamericano de Cooperacion para
la Agriculture (IICA). (Miscellaneous Publication no.455, August
1984) 15p. KEYWORDS: Peru, South America, Latin America,
handbooks, diagnosis, baseline data, data collection PE.5.A

3753 GUIDELINES FOR AGROFORESTRY DIAGNOSIS AND DESIGN: AN
INTRODUCTION TO ICRAF METHODOLOGY. (Draft). (1983) Nairobi,
Kenya: International Council for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF)
(Diagnostic and Design Methodology Manual Series No.l 1, Working
Paper Nd.6) 28p. KEYWORDS: ICRAF, diagnosis, multidisciplinary
research, agroforestry, research methodology, project design,
problem identification, solution design 5.A









3754 IDENTIFYING FARMER TARGET GROUPS IN AN AREA: METHODOLOGY AND
PROCEDURES. Franzel, S. [n.d.]* Nairobi, Kenya: S. Franzel,
Centro de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo,(CIMMYT), Eastern African
Economics Program. 12p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya,
target selection, research strategies, farmer participation,
baseline data, questionnaires, surveys KE.5.A

3755 ILCA/NLPU ON-FARM ALLEY FARMING PROJECT: CONSIDERATIONS ON
DATA COLLECTION AND EVALUATION. Atta-Krah, A. [1986?] Ibadan,
Nigeria: International Livestock Centre for Africa (ILCA),
Nigerian Livestock Project Unit. 15p. KEYWORDS: ILCA, Africa,
on-farm research, alley farming, social environment, extension,
soils, cropping patterns, tree crops, livestock, data collection,
data evaluation AFRICA.5.A

3756 MANUAL EXPLICATIVO Y CUESTIONARIO PARA UN STUDIO INICIAL DE
FINCA. Navarro, L.A. (1979) Turrialba, Costa Rica: Centro
Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensefanza (CATIE).
(Programa Cultivos Anuales) 38p. KEYWORDS: Latin America,
Central America, Costa Rica, CATIE, handbooks, questionnaires,
surveys CR.5.A

3757 MONITORING AND EVALUATION OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
PROJECTS: DEFINITIONS AND METHODOLOGY. IN: Agricultural
Administration. Smith, P.J. (1985) (Vol.18 p.107-20, 1985) 8p.
KEYWORDS: data collection, target selection, project appraisal,
research methodology HD1401/.A36

3758 QUESTIONING THE PREJUDICES AGAINST RUBBER SMALLHOLDER IN THE
FAR SOUTH OF THAILAND: THE IMPORTANCE OF A GLOBAL APPROACH TO
UNDERSTAND THE DIVERSITY AND RATIONALITY OF RUBBER FARMERS. IN:
Proceedings of the Franco-Thai Workshop on Natural Rubber -
"Tapping Practices on Smallholdings in Southern Thailand".
Nov.21-24, 1989, Hat Yai/Pattani. Thailand. Besson, I. (1990)
Hat Yai, Thailand: Songkhla Rubber Research Centre. (p.107-48)
42p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Thailand, surveys, rubber,
socioeconomic conditions, economic analysis, tapping, harvesting,
yields, farmer participation, farmers' attitudes, cropping systems,
forest products, agroforestry ++

3759 RESULTATS PRELIMINAIRES DE L'ENQUETE PILOTE REALISEE DANS LE
DEPARTMENT DU SUD. Bertelson, M.K. (1986) Port-au-Prince, Haiti:
Minister de l'Agriculture. (ADS-II, Report no.15, March 1986)
S18p. KEYWORDS: Haiti, Caribbean, Latin America, surveys, national
programs and projects, Winrock, data collection, research
organization, pilot projects HT.5.A









3760 SELECTION Y PRIORIZACION DE AREAS GEOGRAFICAS PARA LA
INVESTIGATION AGRICOLOA APLICADA EN PANAMA. Cudllar M., M. (1984)
Turrialba, Costa Rica: Instituto de Investigaci6n Agropecuaria de
Panama (IDIAP), Centro Agron6mico Tropical de Investigaci6n y
Ensefanza (CATIE), Departmento de Produccion Vegetal. (Proyecto de
Investigation en Sistemas de Produccion en Fincas Pequehas,
Convenio CATIE/ROCAP no.AID 596-0083, Acuerdo IDIAP/CATIE) 37p.
KEYWORDS: Central America, Latin America, Panama, planning of
research, target selection PA.5.A

5.B DESIGN OF IMPROVED TECHNOLOGY

3761 AGROFORESTRY RESEARCH GOES TO THE FARM. IN: Agroforestry
Today. Avila, M. (1990) (Vol.2 no.3 p.10-12, July-Sept. 1990;
Also available from Heifer Project International, Little Rock, Ark.
72203; tel.: 501-376-6836; request no.5705) 4p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, West Africa, ICRAF, on-farm research, agroforestry, farmer
participation, technology transfers AFRICA.5.B

3762 COMPARATIVE TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY IN RICE PRODUCTION.
Kalirajan, K.P. (1981) Los Bahos, Philippines: K.P. Kalirajan,
International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). (IRRI Agricultural
Economics Paper no.81-12) 15p. KEYWORDS: IRRI, Asia, rice,
rain-fed farming, irrigation, extension, technology analysis,
policy ASIA.5.B

3763 DEVELOPING APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGIES THROUGH ON-FARM RESEARCH:
THE LESSONS FROM CAISAN, PANAMA. IN: Agricultural Administration.
Martinez, J.C. (1984) (Vol.17 p.93-114, 1984) 22p. KEYWORDS:
Central America, Latin America, Panama, IDIAP, CIMMYT, on-farm
research, national programs and projects, farmers' attitudes,
farmer participation, innovation adoption, technology transfers,
evaluation of research HD1401/.A36

3764 EXTRACTING AND MEASURING FARMER'S VALUES AND ATTITUDES TO
AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY. Onyango, C.A. [1983?]* Njoro, Kenya:
C.A. Onyango, Egerton college, Agricultural Extension Dept. llp.
KEYWORDS: farmers' attitudes, surveys, technology, research
methodology, innovation adoption, socioeconomic conditions,
programs and projects 5.B

3765 FACTIBILIDAD DE APLICAR LABRANZA MINIMA EN LOS SUELOS DE
APTITUD AGRICOLA DEL CENTRO DE LA PROVINCIA DEL CHACO. Ruiz Diaz,
E. (1982) Saenz Pefa, Chaco, Agentina: Departmento de Recursos
Naturales. (Informaciones Tecnicas, Serie 2, Manejo de Suelos No.8
Enero '1982) 10p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America,
.Argentina, soils, inputs, minimum tillage systems, extension
AR.5.B









3766 FARMER'S SECTION: A FARMER'S APPROACH TO ON-FARM RESEARCH
DESIGN. [1987?]* s.1.: s.n. 23p. KEYWORDS: on-farm
research, research design, farmer participation, research
methodology, planning of research 5.B

3767 FARMER-BACK-TO-FARMER: A MODEL FOR GENERATING ACCEPTABLE
AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY. Rhoades, R.E. [1982?]* Lima, Peru:
R.E. Rhoades, International Potato Center (CIP) 17p. KEYWORDS:
CIP, models, farming systems theory, farmer participation,
postharvest technology, technology design, technical assistance
5.B

3768 FARMERS, ON-FARM RESEARCH AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF NEW
TECHNOLOGY. IN: Experimental Agriculture. Sumberg, J. (1988)
(Vol.24 no.3 p.334-42, 1988) 9p. KEYWORDS: Africa, alley
farming, farmer participation, on-farm research, technology
development S3/.E9

3769 IMPROVED LIVELIHOODS, GENETIC DIVERSITY AND FARMER
PARTICIPATION: A STRATEGY FOR RICE BREEDING IN RAINFED AREAS OF
INDIA. IN: Experimental Agriculture. Maurya, D.M. (1988)
(Vol.24 no.3 p.311-20, 1988) 10p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia,
India, rice, rain-fed farming, genetic diversity, plant breeding,
crops, traditional technology, farmer-managed trials, farmer
participation, improved varieties S3/.E9

3770 LAND USE PLANNING WITH RURAL FARM FAMILIES AND COMMUNITIES:
PARTICIPATORY AGROFORESTRY RESEARCH. (Workshop on Social Science
and Farming Systems Research, Nov. 27-29, 1984, Lusaka, Zambia).
Rocheleau, D.E. (1984) Nairobi, Kenya: International Council for
Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF). 41p. KEYWORDS: ICRAF,
Africa, East Africa, Kenya, agroforestry, forestry, technology
design, on-farm trials, households, village level studies, labor,
case studies KE.5.B

3771 SOCIAL-SCIENTISTS' ROLE IN GENERATING INNOVATIONS FOR SMALL
FARMERS: MAIZE IN NIGERIA. IN: Experimental Agriculture.
Bartlett, C.D.S. (1981) (Vol.17 p.373-82, 1981) 10p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, West Africa, Nigeria, social science, innovation adoption,
experiment stations, maize, economic analysis, technology design
S3/.E9

3772 SOIL TAXONOMY: A VALUABLE TOOL FOR THE FARMING SYSTEMS
RESEARCH APPROACH. IN: Benchmark Soils News. McIntosh, J.
(1980) (Vol.4 no.3 1980; USAID Doc. no. PN-AAT-793) 6p.
KEYWORDS: technology transfers, soils, soil classification,
cropping systems, farmers' attitudes, innovation adoption,
Indonesia, Asia, Southeast Asia, case studies 5.B










5.C TESTING


3773 AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME, KHARIF 1990: MONITORING
REPORT OF ON-FARM TRIALS AND DEMONSTRATIONS. Defoer, T. (1991)
Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of
N.W.F.P., Dept. of Planning & Development. (PATA Pub. 66) 145p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan, national programs and
projects, on-farm trials, crop production, economic performance,
risk, maize, rice, mung beans, groundnuts, cowpeas, potatoes,
vegetables, sugarcane, fodder, inputs, outputs, PATA Groundwater
Irrigation Project PK.5.C

3774 ENSAYOS DE CAMPO EN INVESTIGACIONES DE SISTEMAS DE
PRODUCCION. Flora, J.L. (1984)* Manhattan, Kan.: J.L. Flora,
Kansas State Univ., Dept. of Sociology, Anthropology and Social
Work. 27p. KEYWORDS: field tests, experiment stations,
rain-fed farming, semiarid zones, risk, farming systems theory
5.C

3775 FARMER'S PARTICIPATORY METHODS: ON-FARM RAINFED RICE
RESEARCH (IFAD SUPPORT) A CASE HISTORY. (Paper submitted for
presentation at the 11th Annual FSR/E Symposium, Michigan State
Univ., E. Lansing, Mich., Oct. 5-10, 1991.). Prasad, S.C.
[1991?]* Ranchi, India: S.C. Prasad, Birsa Agricultural Univ.
42p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, India, farmer participation,
on-farm research, IRRI, ICAR, IFAD, rice, geography, socioeconomic
constraints, rain-fed farming, cropping systems, farmers' attitudes
IN.5.C

3776 IMPACT OF FSR/E PROJECT IN RISK PRONE RAINFED LOWLAND RICE
BASED CROPPING SYSTEM IN BIHAR, INDIA. (Paper submitted for
presentation at the 11th Annual FSR/E Symposium, Michigan State
Univ., E. Lansing, Mich., Oct. 5-10, 1991). Thakur, R. [1991?]*
Samastipur, India: R. Thakur, Rajendra Agricultural Univ. 14p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, India, rain-fed farming, rice, risk,
lowland areas, environmental factors, production constraints,
traditional farming, on-farm trials, research evaluation IN.5.C

3777 IMPACT OF REGULAR RESEARCH FIELD HEARINGS (RRFH) IN ON-FARM
TRIALS IN NORTHEAST BRAZIL. IN: Experimental Agriculture. Baker,
G. (1988) (Vol.24 no.3 p.281-88, 1988) 9p. KEYWORDS: Latin
America, South America, Brazil, livestock, research methodology,
farmer participation, experimental design, on-farm testing
S3/.E9

3778 ON-FARM EXPERIMENTS: SOME EXPERIENCES. IN: Intercropping:
Proceedings of the Second Symposium on Intercropping in Semi-Arid
Areas, Morogoro, Tanzania, Aug. 4-7, 1980. Muriithi, C.N. (19 2
Ottawa, Canada: International Development Research Center (TD.C)
(p.141-45) 5p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, extension,
innovation adoption, socioeconomic analysis, on-farm trials
S603.5/.S95/1980










3779 ON-FARM TRIALS, KHARIF 91 SEASON: MONITORING REPORT.
Defoer, T. (1992) Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic Republic of
Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept. of Planning and Development.
(PATA Pub. 80) 62p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan,
on-farm trials, maize, rice, onions, pulses, potatoes, fodder,
sugarcane, farmer participation, evaluation of research, cost
benefit analysis PK.5.C

3780 ON-FARM TRIALS, RABI 1990-91 SEASON: MONITORING REPORT.
Defoer, T. (1992) Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic Republic of
Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept. of Planning and Development.
(PATA Pub. 76) 69p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, Pakistan,
on-farm trials, national programs and projects, irrigation, farmer
participation, peas, potatoes, onions, wheat, rain-fed farming,
project appraisal, planning of research PK.5.C

3781 PARTICIPATORY ACTION AND ON-FARM RESEARCH WITH FSRE APPROACH
IN TRIBAL UPLANDS OF ORISSA, INDIA. (Paper submitted for
presentation at the llth Annual FSR/E Symposium, Michigan State
Univ., E. Lansing, Mich., Oct. 5-10, 1991). Rath, S. (1991)*
Bhubaneswar, India: S. Rath, Orissa Univ. of Agriculture and
Technology. 18p. KEYWORDS: India, South Asia, Asia, tribal
societies, farmer participation, on-farm research, cash crops,
farmers' attitudes, technology transfers IN.5.C

3782 REPORT ON THE ON-FARM EXPERIMENTATION TRAINING WORKSHOP HELD
AT N.A.E.S., NYANKPALA/GHANA, JULY 3-13, 1984. (1984) Heidelberg,
Germany: German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ), Projekt
Mischkulturen, Forschungsstelle fir Internationale
Agrarentwicklung. 208p. KEYWORDS: on-farm testing, traditional
farming, innovation adoption, technology transfers, farmer
participation, extension, production constraints, rapid rural
appraisal 5.C

3783 TAPPING SYSTEM IMPROVEMENT TRIAL IN SOUTHERN THAILAND,
DESCRIPTION AND GENERAL ASPECTS. IN: Proceedings of the
Franco-Thai Workshop on Natural Rubber "Tapping Practices on
Smallholdings in Southern Thailand". Nov. 21-24, 1989, Hat Yai,
Pattani. Thailand. De La Serve, M. (1990) Hat Yai, Thailand:
Songkhla Rubber Research Centre. (p.45-50) 6p. KEYWORDS: Asia,
Southeast Asia, Thailand, international cooperation, national
programs and projects, rubber, hevea, tapping, living standards,
yields, planning of research, on-farm research, anthropology,
farmer participation, agroforestry ++










5.D FSR METHODOLOGY EXTENSION AND TRANSFER


3784 AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH FOR RESOURCE-POOR FARMERS, PART I:
TRANSFER-OF-TECHNOLOGY AND FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH. IN:
Agricultural Administration and Extension. Chambers, R. (1987)
(Vol.27 p.35-52, 1987) 13p. KEYWORDS: technology transfers,
extension, multidisciplinary research, farmer participation
HD1401/.A36

3785 ALGUNOS ASPECTS METODOLOGICOS DE LA INVESTIGATION EN SISTEMA
DE PRODUCTION AGROPECUARIA: LA SELECTION DE LAS TECNICAS
APROPIADAS PARA LA RECOLECCION DE DATOS. Garrett, P. [n.d.]*
s.l.: P. Garrett. (Summary only) 5p. KEYWORDS: Latin America,
Central America, Ecuador, INIAP, regional planning, extension,
surveys, socioeconomic conditions EC.5.D

3786 APPLICATION OF FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH TO COMMUNITY
FORESTRY: A CASE STUDY IN THE HARARGE HIGHLANDS, EASTERN ETHIOPIA.
Poschen-Eiche, P. (1989) Weikersheim, Germany: Josef Margraf
Verlag. (Tropical Agriculture 1) 260p. KEYWORDS: Africa, East
Africa, Ethiopia, forestry, community forestry, environmental
degradation, research methodology, case studies, national programs
and projects, fuelwood S494.5/.A45/P67/1989

3787 DEVELOPING A PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN FARMERS AND SCIENTISTS: THE
EXAMPLE OF ZAMBIA'S ADAPTIVE RESEARCH PLANNING TEAM. IN:
Experimental Agriculture. Kean, S.A. (1988) (Vol.24 no.3
p.289-99, 1988) llp. KEYWORDS: Africa, Southern Africa, Zambia,
farmer participation, farmers' attitudes, extension, research
methodology S3/.E9

3788 ENQUPTE SUR L'ADOPTION DES TECHNOLOGIES MIL-NItBE A KOUKA,
MAIGUERO, RIGIAL ET KANDAMO. Lowenberg-DeBoer, J. (1992) Niamey,
Niger: Institut National de Recherches Agronomiques du Niger,
Dept. de Recherches en Economie Rurale. (Programme de Recherche
sur les Systemes de Production Agricole, Doc. no.26F) 61p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, Niger, socioeconomic conditions,
technology transfers, innovation adoption, surveys, farmers'
attitudes, millets, cowpeas NE.5.D

3789 EQUIPOS INTEGRADOS DE INVESTIGATION Y EXTENSION AGRICOLA EN
EL ALTIPLANO CENTRAL DE GUATEMALA. (Paper submitted to the llth
Annual FSRE Symposium, Michigan State Univ., E. Lansing, Mich.,
Oct. 5-10, 1991). Yoc, F. [1991?]* Guatemala: F. Yoc. 7p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Guatemala, extension,
technology transfers, innovation adoption, maize, beans, cost
benefit analysis, PROGETTAPS, women, home economics, youth,
families GT.5.D










3790 EVALUATION OF AN ON-FARM DESIGNED TECHNOLOGY: APPLICATION TO
THE ADOPTION OF A NEW TWO-PAN STOVE AMONG THE PALM SUGAR PRODUCERS
IN SATHING PHRA AREA SOUTHERN THAILAND. IN: Farming Systems
Research and Development in Thailand. Guy Tr4buil, ed. Trebuil,
G. (1988) Haad Yai, Thailand: Prince of Songkla Univ.,
Thai-French Farming Systems Research Project. (p.139-72) 33p.
KEYWORDS: innovation adoption, on-farm research, technology
analysis, stoves, processing, project appraisal, extension,
technology transfers ++

3791 FARMER INVOLVEMENT. Lowdermilk, M. (1981) s.l.: Water
Management Synthesis Project, Consortium for International
Development. (Planning Guide no.2, Water Management Synthesis
Project, AID Doc. no.PN-AAL-389) 40p. KEYWORDS: irrigation,
water management, project design, development agencies, project
implementation, handbooks, farmer participation 5.D

3792 LINEAMIENTOS ESTRATEGICOS PARA LA TRANSFERENCIA DE
TECNOLOGIA. Sanchez Diez, R. (1983) Panama City, Panama:
Institute de Investigacion Agropecuaria de Panama (IDIAP),
Direccion de Transferencia de Tecnologia. 12p. KEYWORDS:
technology transfers, research methodology, extension, farmer
participation, evaluation of research PA.5.D

3793 METODOLOGIA PARA EL DESARROLLO DE TECNOLOGIA AGRICOLA
APROPIADA PARA PEQUENOS PRODUCTORES: EXPERIENCIAS DEL PROYECTO
QUIMIAG-PENIPE, ECUADOR. Kirkby, R. (1980) Rio Bamba, Ecuador:
Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia, Instituto Nacional de
Investigaciones Agropecuarias. 38p. KEYWORDS: Latin America,
South America, Andean region, Ecuador, INIAP, interdisciplinary
research, evaluation of research, on-farm trials, farmer
participation EC.5.D

3794 MISSION REPORT. Poey, F. (1984) Coral Gables, Fla.:
Agricultural Development Consultants, Inc. (AGRIDEC). 6p.
KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Paraguay, training,
extension, reports PY.5.D

3795 PARTICIPATORY DEVELOPMENT DEMANDS PARTICIPATORY TRAINING.
IN: Convergence. Bhasin, K. (1991) (Vol.24 no.4 p.5-15, 1991;
Also available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808,
Little Rock Ark. 72203; tel.:501-376-6836; request no.6603) lip.
KEYWORDS: NGOs, participatory strategies, farmer participation,
training, extension, technology transfers LC501/.C68










3796 PROCEEDINGS OF THE JORDANIAN FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND
EXTENSION TRAINING WORKSHOP, AUGUST 5-24, 1989. Gaudreau, M.
(1989) Amman, Jordan: Ministry of Agriculture, National Center
for Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer, Monitoring and
Evaluation Unit. (Training Report no.0189; USAID Contract No.
ANE-0264-C-00-7006-00; Jordan National Agricultural Development
Project, Amman, Jordan/Pullman, Wash.) 395p. KEYWORDS: Asia,
Middle East, Jordan, extension, training, methodology, handbooks,
technology transfers ++

3797 ROLE OF EXTENSION IN FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH PROGRAMS. IN:
Animals in the Farming System: Proceedings of Kansas State
University's 1983 Farming Systems Research Symposium. Kellogg,
E.D. (1984) Manhattan, Kan.: Kansas State Univ., Office of
International Agricultural Programs. (FSR Paper Series, paper no.6
p.887-98) 18p. KEYWORDS: farming systems theory, extension,
programs and projects S539.5/.F37/No.6

3798 SYSTEMS APPROACH FOR USE AT FARM LEVEL IN DEVELOPING
COUNTRIES. IN: Agricultural Systems. Wadsworth, J. (1983)
(Vol.12 p.67-73, 1983) 7p. KEYWORDS: extension, research
methodology, farmer participation, research strategies S3/.A45

3799 TRAINING STRATEGY FOR MIDDLE LEVEL TECHNICIANS IN FARMING
SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND EXTENSION. (Paper prepared for the 5th Annual
Farming Systems Research and Extension Symposium at Kansas State
Univ., Manhattan, Kans., Oct. 13-16, 1985). Cheema, S.S. (1985)*
Ludhiana, India: S.S. Cheema, Agricultural Univ., Dept. of
Agronomy. 10p. KEYWORDS: training, extension, human resources,
case studies, education 5.D

5.E SYSTEMS ANALYSIS

3800 A PARTIR DE FONSEBOUGOU...: PRESENTATION, OBJECTIFS ET
METHODOLOGIE DU "VOLET FONSEBOUGOU" (1977-1987). Kleene, P.
(1989) Bamako, Mali/Amsterdam, Netherlands: Institut d'Economie
Rurale/Koninklijk Instiuut voor de Tropen (KIT). (Systemes de
Production Rurale au Mali, Vol.1) 145p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West
Africa, Sahel, Mali, national programs and projects, constraints,
objectives, research methodology, mixed systems, livestock,
integrated systems, soil conservation, irrigation, technology
transfers, farmers' associations, desertification, village level
studies ++









3801 ANTHROPOLOGICAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO RECOGNITION AND ANALYSIS IN
FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH. (Paper presented at the Networkshop on
the Role of Rural Sociology (Including Anthropology) in Farming
Systems Research, Lusaka, Zambia, Nov. 26-28, 1984). Hansen, A.
[1984?]* Gainesville, Fla.: A. Hansen, Univ. of Florida, Dept. of
Anthropology. 21p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Southern Africa, Zambia,
farming systems theory, anthropology, social science, research
strategies, cost benefit analysis ZM.5.E

3802 APPLICATION OF AGROECOSYSTEM CONCEPT AND METHODOLOGY IN THE
FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND EXTENSION: THE KHON KAEN UNIVERSITY
EXPERIENCE. IN: Farming Systems Research and Development in
Thailand. Guy Tr6buil, ed. Limpinuntana, V. (1988) Haad Yai,
Thailand: Prince of Songkla Univ., Thai-French Farming Systems
Research Project. (p.65-83) 19p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast
Asia, Thailand, farming systems theory, research methodology,
agroecosystems, rapid rural appraisal, systems analysis ++

3803 CHARACTERIZING A CONCEPTUAL MODEL TO ATTACK PROBLEMS OF
SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE. (Draft). Schmehl, W.R. [1991?]* Fort
Collins, Colo.: W.R. Schmehl, Colorado State Univ., Dept. of
Agronomy. 26p. KEYWORDS: sustainable agriculture, alternative
agriculture, organic farming, problem identification, models,
terminology, systems analysis 5.E

3804 ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF THE ANAMBRA/IMO (ANIMO) RICE PROJECT
IN NIGERIA. IN: Agricultural Administration. Mabawonku, A.F.
(1986) (Vol.22 p.149-60, 1986) 7p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West
Africa, Nigeria, rice, national programs and projects, project
appraisal, rice production, yields, improved varieties
HD1401/.A36

3805 FARMERS OF YURIMAGUAS: LAND USE AND CROPPING STRATEGIES IN
THE PERUVIAN JUNGLE. Rhoades, R.E. (1987) Lima, Peru:
International Potato Center (CIP). 102p. KEYWORDS: Latin
America, South America, Peru, Amazon, tropics, environmental
degradation, alternative technology, traditional farming,
indigenous knowledge systems, farmer participation, socioeconomic
conditions PE.5.E

3806 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH: TWELVE LESSONS FROM THE MANTARO
VALLEY PROJECT. IN: Agricultural Administration. Horton, D.
(1986) (Vol.23 p.93-107, 1986) 15p. KEYWORDS: South America,
Latin America, Peru, CIP, CIMMYT, project evaluation, ecology,
technology transfers, interdisciplinary research, surveys, informal
surveys, anthropology HD1401/.A36










3807 FOOD CONSUMPTION AND FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH: A SUMMARY.
(Prepared for Nutrition Economics Group, Technical Assistance
Division, Office of International Cooperation and Development,
USDA). Frankenberger, T.R. (1987) Tuscon, Ariz.: Univ. of
Arizona/Univ. of Kentucky 7p. KEYWORDS: food consumption,
technology design, project design, women, extension 5.E

3808 GOLDEN FORESTS. (Report of an Anthropological,
Socio-economic and Technical Survey on Rubber Plantations in the
Provinces of Patani, Yala, Narathiwat and Songkla (Southern
Thailand) April 1988-Dec.1989). Le Roux, P. (1991) Patani,
Thailand: Prince of Songkla Univ. (Part 1, General Report) 152p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Thailand, rubber, forest products,
socioeconomic conditions, technology analysis, surveys,
anthropology, cropping systems, yields, tapping, hevea,
agroforestry ++

3809 IDENTIFICATION OF RESULTS OF FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND
EXTENSION ACTIVITIES. (Draft). [1988?] Tuscon, Ariz.: Univ. of
Arizona, Office of Arid Land Studies. (Information on Cooperative
Agreement 58-319R-014 included; See also #2981 IDENTIFICATION OF
RESULTS OF FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND EXTENSION ACTIVITIES: A
SYNTHESIS) 19p. KEYWORDS: USAID, project evaluation, evaluation
of research, development agencies, extension 5.E

3810 LAND-USE IN THE ANDES: ECOLOGY AND AGRICULTURE IN THE
MANTARO VALLEY OF PERU WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO POTATOES. Mayer,
E. (1980) Lima, Peru: International Potato Center (CIP), Social
Science Unit. 115p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America,
Peru, Andean region, land use, potatoes, traditional farming,
cropping systems, maps, ecology PE.5.E

3811 OBSERVATIONS SUR LA COMPETITION MAIS-POIS CONGO DANS
L'ASSOCIATION MAIS POIS CONGO-SORGHO SUR VERTISOL CALCAIRE:
PENINSULE DUD A'HAITI. IN: Proceedings of the Caribbean Food
Crops Society. 1979). Cavalie, J. (1979) s.l.: Caribbean Food
Crops Society. (Vol.16 p.153-69, 1979) 9p. KEYWORDS: Latin
America, Caribbean, Haiti, maize, peas, sorghum, dryland farming
SB13/.C37a (copy 2)

3812 SISTEMAS AGROPECUARIOS EN EL ALTIPLANO: AVANCES DE UN
PROYECTO DE INVESTIGACION. (Resumen del Informe Anual 1988-1989).
Palao, J., ed. (1990) Puno, Perd:. Proyecto de Investigaci6n en
Sistemas Agropecuarios Andinos (INIAA-PISA). (Convenio
INIAA-CIID-ACDI) 135p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America,
Altiplano, Peru, national programs and projects, methodology,
systems analysis, crops, livestock, annual reports ++









3833 SMALL-FARM AGRICULTURE: STUDIES IN DEVELOPING NATIONS.
(Selected, revised papers presented at the Workshop on Empirical
Studies of Small-Farm Agriculture in Developing Countries, Purdue
Univ., W. Lafayette, Ind., Feb. 1972). Patrick, G.F. (1975) W.
Lafayette, Ind.: Purdue Univ., Dept. of Agricultural Economics,
Agricultural Experiment Station. (Station Bulletin No.101, Sept.
1975) 178p. KEYWORDS: farm size, yields, wheat, credit, labor,
research design, problem identification, evaluation, institutions
5.E

3814 SOCIO-ECONOMIC MODELLING OF FARMING SYSTEMS. IN:
Agricultural Systems Research for Developing Countries -
Proceedings of an International Workshop held at Hawkesbury
Agricultural College, Richmond N.S.W., Australia, May 12-15, 1985.
Anderson, J.R. (1985) Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for
International Agricultural Research (ACIAR). 13p. KEYWORDS:
socioeconomic analysis, models, households S542.3/.A38/1985

3815 TAPPING SYSTEMS APPROACH FOR SMALLHOLDERS IN SOUTHERN
THAILAND. IN: Proceedings of the Franco-Thai Workshop on Natural
Rubber "Tapping Practices on Smallholdings in Southern Thailand",
Nov. 21-24. 1989, Hat Yai, Pattani, Thailand. Anekachai, C.
(1990) Hat Yai, Thailand: Songkhla Rubber Research Centre.
(p.27-32) 6p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Thailand, rubber,
tapping, yields, hevea, harvesting, constraints, socioeconomic
conditions, agroforestry ++

6 INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS IN IMPLEMENTATION OF FARMING SYSTEMS
RESEARCH

3816 AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME OF THE PATA GROUNDWATER
IRRIGATION PROJECT POLICY PAPER. Defoer, T. (1990) Peshawar,
Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept.
of Planning & Development. (PATA Pub. 48) 66p. KEYWORDS: Asia,
South Asia, Pakistan, national programs and projects, irrigation,
development policy, agronomy, extension, geography,
institutionalization, research policy, field tests, PATA
Groundwater Irrigation Project PK.6

3817 AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME, KHARIF-91: OPERATIONAL
PLAN. Agricultural Development Programme Team, (1991) Peshawar,
Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept.
of Planning and Development. (PATA Pub. 67) 116p. KEYWORDS:
Asia, South Asia, Pakistan, PATA Groundwater Irrigation Project,
research policy, research methodology, training, extension, crops,
budget formulation PK.6










3818 AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME: POLICY PAPER. (2nd
ed.). Agricultural Development Programme Team, (1991) Peshawar,
Pakistan: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept.
of Planning & Development. (PATA Pub. 69) 87p. KEYWORDS: Asia,
South Asia, Pakistan, PATA Groundwater Irrigation Project, research
policy, development objectives, geography, socioeconomic
conditions, extension, institution building, planning of research,
field tests PK.6

3819 AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH AND EXTENSION PROJECT
(611-0201). (Draft). Byrnes, K.J. [1986?]* Washington, D.C.:
K.J. Byrnes, AID/PPC/CDIE/PPE. lip. KEYWORDS: Africa, Southern
Africa, Zambia, extension, project design, project evaluation, food
production, research objectives ZM.6

3820 BALANCING THE DIVERSE PRODUCTION SYSTEMS OF RUBBER
SMALLHOLDERS WITH NATIONAL OBJECTIVES. IN: 1990 Annual Research
Conference Experts' Presentation. April 25-27, 1990, Pattaya Chon
Buri, Thailand. Besson, I. (1990) Bangkok, Thailand: Thailand
Dept. of Agriculture. (p.3-4) 2p.. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast
Asia, Thailand, rubber, surveys, extension, yields, tapping,
national programs and projects, agroforestry TH.6

3821 BUILDING ON SUCCESS: AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, TECHNOLOGY AND
POLICY FOR DEVELOPMENT. (Report of a Symposium held at Canberra,
May 14, 1987). Ryan, J.G. (1987) Canberra, Australia:
Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR).
(ACIAR Technical Reports no.7 1987) 39p. KEYWORDS: ACIAR,
technology analysis, development agencies, development policy
6

3822 CENTRE FOR DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH AND OTHER SOCIAL SCIENCE
DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH IN DENMARK IN 1979. (1980) Copenhagen,
Denmark: Centre for Development Research (CDR). (Annual Report)
79p. KEYWORDS: CDR, Europe, Denmark, development agencies,
programs and projects, project proposals, annual reports, research
centers, social science DK.6

3823 DESARROLLANDO TECNOLOGIA APROPIADA PARA EL AGRICULTOR:
INFORMED DE PROGRESS DEL PROGRAM DE CAISAN EN PANAMA. Aradz, J.R.
(1983) Panama City, Panama: Instituto de Investigacion
Agropecuaria de Panama (IDIAP). (Serie de Estudios Especiales
No.l; USAID Doc. No. PN-AAT-775) 120p. KEYWORDS: Latin America,
Central America, Panama, IDIAP, national programs and projects,
reports, development strategies, project appraisal, appropriate
technology, maize PA.6

3F?'1 DEVELOPING A NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL G.I S. LSSONS FROM
CHINA AND THE U.S. (Draft). McColl, R.W. (1990) Lawnce,
Kans.: R.W. McColl, Univ. of Kansas, Dept. of Geography. 17p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, East Asia, China, US, GIS, constraints, national
programs and projects, baseline data, data analysis CN.6










3825 DOMESTIC IMPLICATIONS OF UNIVERSITY INVOLVEMENT TN FSR/E.
(Luncheon address presented at the Farming Systems Research
Symposium, Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, Kan., Oct. 7-10, 1984 ).
Woeste, J.T. (1984)* Gainesville, Fla.: J.T. Woeste, Univ. of
Florida, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food
and Agricultural Science. 4p. KEYWORDS: US, extension,
institutionalization, development administration, universities
US.6

3826 ESQUEMA OPERATIVO A NIVEL DE SUBPROGRAMAS DE LA DIRECTION DE
TRANSFERENCIA DE TECNOLOGIA DEL IDIAP: APRECIACION PERSONAL.
Andrade Martinez, E. (1984)* Panama: E. Andrade Martinez.
13p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Panama, IDIAP,
technology transfers, evaluation of research, project appraisal,
national programs and projects PA.6

3827 STUDIOS DE "BENCHMARKS" Y SU PAPEL EN EL DESARROLLO
AGRICOLA. (Documento Presentado a la Septima Sesion de la Comision
Regional para Asia y el Lejano Oriente en Administracion Rural,
Agosto 1981). Carpenter, N.R. (1981)* Rome: N.R. Carpenter,
FAO, Divisi6n de Servicios Agricolas, Servicio de Administraci6n
Rural y Economia de la Producci6n. 15p. KEYWORDS: rural
development, surveys, research methodology, extension 6

3828 FARMER-FIRST: ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE DRYLAND DEVELOPMENT IN
AFRICA. IN: Rural Households in Emerging Societies: Technology
and Change in Sub-Saharan Africa. Chambers, R. (1991) New York:
Berg Publishers Limited. (p.23-48) 26p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
dryland farming, socioeconomic constraints, extension, resource
allocation, technology transfers, farmers' attitudes, technology
development HN780/.Z9/C6722/1991

3829 FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AT BPT CIAWI SOME PROGRESS AND
CONSTRAINTS. IN: Proceedings of the Workshop on Farming Systems
Research and Development, Central Research Institute for Animal
Sciences (CRIAS), Ciawi-Bogor, Indonesia, March 21. 1985. J. Levine
and M. Sabrani, eds. Petheram, R.J. (1986) Bogor, Indonesia:
Central Research Institute for Animal Sciences (CRIAS) (p.32-50)
18p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Indonesia, Java, research
philosophy, research methodology, institution building, analysis,
multidisciplinary research, problem identification ID.6

3830 FIELD VISITS TO ICTA (THE INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE
AND TECHNOLOGY) GUATEMALA, MAY 14-16, 1979. Redclift, M.R. (1979)
New York: M.R. Redclift, Ford Foundation. 7p. KEYWORDS: ICTA,
Latin America, Central America, Guatemala, on-farm research,
organizational structures, national programs and projects, project
evaluation GT.6










3831 FOOD PRODUCTIVITY AND NUTRITION IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
(520-0232). (Draft). Byrnes, K.J. [1984?]* Washington, D.C.:
K.J. Byrnes, AID/PPC/CDIE/PPE. 22p. KEYWORDS: Latin America,
Central America, Guatemala, USAID, food, nutrition, programs and
projects, project implementation, project evaluation, development
agencies GT.6

3832 GIA AND THE NEW CHILEAN PUBLIC SECTOR: RELATIONS BETWEEN
NGOS AND THE STATE IN THE GENERATION AND TRANSFER OF AGRICULTURAL
TECHNOLOGY. Sotomayor, O. (1991) London: Overseas Development
Institute (ODI), Agricultural Administration Unit. (Agricultural
Administration (Research and Extension) Network Paper 30, Dec.
1991) 26p. KEYWORDS: ODI, South America, Latin America, Chile,
private sector, NGOs, national programs and projects, institutional
cooperation, technology transfers, case studies, technology
development, organizational structures, training CL.6

3833 HONDURAN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH PROJECT. (Draft). Byrnes,
K.J. [1987?]* Washington, D.C.: K.J. Byrnes, U.S. Agency for
International Development (USAID) (USAID Project No. 522-0139)
18p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, Central America, Honduras,
agricultural research, programs and projects, evaluation HN.6

3834 IMPROVEMENT OF INTERNATIONAL TRAINING IN AGRICULTURE. (Paper
prepared for the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Office of International
Cooperation and Development, Office of International Training).
Compton, J.L. [1980?]* Ithaca, N.Y.: J.L. Compton, Cornell
Univ., Extension Education. (Designing the Improvement of Training
in International Agriculture; Working Paper #1, Survey Report)
43p. KEYWORDS: USDA, international cooperation, training,
research design, project design, interviews, surveys, development
agencies 6

3835 INFORME ANUAL (1989-1990). (1990) Puno, Perd: Proyecto de
Investigaci6n de Sistemas Agropecuarios Andinos (INIAA-PISA).
(Serie Administrativa Memoria No.l) 155p. KEYWORDS: Latin
America, South America, Andean region, Peru, national programs and
projects, methodology, annual reports, potatoes, research
objectives, mixed systems, alpacas, sheep, cattle, systems
analysis, technology analysis, extension, computers, human
resources -++

3836. INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR TECHNOLOGY GENERATION AND
TRANSFER SYSTEM: EXPERIENCES FROM ZAMBIA. (Paper submitted for
presentation at the 11th Annual FSR/E Symposium, Michigan State
Univ., E, Lansing, Mich., Oct. 5-10, 1991). Njobvu, C.A. [1991?]*
Zambia: C.A. Njobvu, Dept. of Agriculture, Research Branch. 9p.
:.EYWORDS: Africa, Southern Africa, Zambia, on-farm research,
extension technology development, technology transfers, dic music n
of information, institutional cooperation, institutions ZM.6









3837 INSTITUTIONALIZING FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND EXTENSION:
CORNELL UNIVERSITY'S EXPERIENCE IN ECUADOR AND THE PHILIPPINES.
Cornick, T.R. (1987) Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell Univ., New York State
College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, International Agriculture
Program. (Cornell International Agriculture Mimeograph 115.
Available from Program in International Agriculture, P.O. Box 16,
Roberts Hall, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, New York, 14853) 55p.
KEYWORDS: Asia, Southeast Asia, Latin America, Philippines,
Ecuador, farming systems theory, institutionalization, training,
educational institutions, research methodology, on-farm research,
farmer participation, extension ++ (ACG4463)

3838 INTEGRATED ROUTE TO SUSTAINABLE FARMING. IN: International
Agricultural Development. Lightfoot, C. (1990) (Vol.10 no.2
p.9-11, March/April 1990; Also available from Heifer Project
International, P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203;
tel.:501-376-6836; request no.5603) 2p. KEYWORDS: sustainable
agriculture, interdisciplinary research, poverty, aquaculture,
integrated systems, ICLARM, organizational structures 6

3839 INTSORMIL: THE FIRST FIVE YEARS, 1979-1984. INTSORMIL,
[1985?] Lincoln, Neb.: Univ. of Nebraska, International
Sorghum/Millet (INTSORMIL) (Sorghum/Millet CRSP;
AID/DSAN/XII-G-0149) 37p. KEYWORDS: INTSORMIL, development
agencies, reports, Africa, Latin America, sorghum, millets,
institution building, international cooperation, Sorghum/Millet
CRSP 6

3840 KENYA: EGERTON COLLEGE. Anderson, M.B. [1978?] Cambridge,
Mass.: Harvard Institute for International Development. 38p.
KEYWORDS: Africa, East Africa, Kenya, institution building, women,
agricultural education, socioeconomic analysis, institutional
resources, training, rural women, gender analysis, extension, human
resources, development planning KE.6

3841 KSU/SUDAN INTSORMIL PROJECT AGRONOMIC RESEARCH IN NORTH
KORDOFAN, SUDAN. Berhe, T. (1983) Lincoln, Neb.: Univ. of
Nebraska, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources.
(Progress Report no.2, April-Sept. 1983) 9p. KEYWORDS: Africa,
Sudan, KSU, INTSORMIL, agronomy, sorghum, millets, reports, project
evaluation, project design SD.6

3842 LEARNING FROM EXPERIENCE: IMPLEMENTING FARMING SYSTEMS
RESEARCH AND EXTENSION IN THE MALAWI AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH PROJECT.
IN: Anthropology and Food Policy: Human Dimension of Food Policy
in Africa and Latin America E. McMillan, ed. Hansen, A. (1991)
Athens, Ga.: Univ. of Georgia Press. (p.40-65; Southern
Anthropological Society Proceedings no.24) 13p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, East Africa, Malawi, national programs and projects, food
policy, socioeconomic conditions, case studies, research
methodology, farming systems theory, evaluation of research
GN2/.S9243/no.24









3843 LESSONS LEARNED FROM A.T.D. SUPPORTED FSR/E 7.CJECTS.
(Draft). Byrnes, K.J. [1985?]* s.l.: K.J. Byrnes,
AID/PPC/CDIE/PPE. lip. KEYWORDS:. USAID, development projects,
development agencies, project evaluation, research methodology
6

3844 LIVESTOCK TRIALS THAT CAN BE RUN BY AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
SCHOOLS. IN: Agricultural Progress. Petheram, P.J. (1985)
(Vol.60 p.28-33, 1985) 3p. KEYWORDS: Asia, livestock, on-farm
trials, educational institutions, animal husbandry, training,
villages 6

3845 LONG TERM VS. SHORT TERM CONSULTANCIES: ADVANTAGES AND
DISADVANTAGES FROM AN AID MISSION VIEWPOINT. Smith, M. [n.d.]
Washington, D.C.: Myron Smith, USAID Direct Hire on detail to
BIFAD/S. 18p. KEYWORDS: USAID, consultants, technology
transfers, economic development, development agencies,
institutions, universities 6

3846 MAINTAINING THE MOMENTUM IN POST-GREEN REVOLUTION
AGRICULTURE: A MICRO-LEVEL PERSPECTIVE FROM ASIA. Byerlee, D.
(1987) East Lansing, Mich.: Michigan State Univ., Dept. of
Agricultural Economics. (MSU International Development Paper
no.10) 57p. KEYWORDS: Asia, Green Revolution, technology
development, research philosophy, inputs, extension, education
HD2056/.B94/1987

3847 MALAWI AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH PROJECT. Byrnes, K.J. [1984?]*
Washington, D.C.: K.J. Byrnes, USAID. 17p. KEYWORDS: Malawi,
national programs and projects, project evaluation, project design,
institution building, institutionalization MW.6

3848 MONITORING AND EVALUATION OF FORESTRY PROJECTS FOR LOCAL
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT. IN: Agricultural Administration. Hyman,
E.L. (1985) (Vol.19 p.139-60, 1985) 12p. KEYWORDS: community
development, forestry, project appraisal, land use, monitoring,
development administration HD1401/.A36

3849 NGO INTERACTIONS WITH THE PUBLIC SECTOR: THE EXPERIENCE OF
PROSHIKA'S LIVESTOCK AND SOCIAL FORESTRY PROGRAMME. Khan, M.
(1991) London: Overseas Development Institute (ODI), Agricultural
Administration Unit. (Agricultural Administration (Research and
Extension) Network Paper 26, Dec. 1991) 46p. KEYWORDS: ODI,
Asia, South Asia, Bangladesh, private sector, NGOs, forestry,
social forestry, livestock, development theory, rural development,
case studies, institutional cooperation BD.6










3850 NIGER AGRICULTURAL SECTOR ASSESSMENT 1979 (Volume I:
Synthesis). Enger, W.J. (1979) Niger: U.S. Agency for
International Development .(USAID)/Niger. 131p. KEYWORDS:
USAID, Africa, West Africa, Niger, dryland farming, economic
analysis, policy, social analysis, women, marketing, cooperatives
NE.6

3851 PEANUT CRSP PLANNING REPORT. Jackson, C.R. (1982) Athens,
Ga.: Univ. of Georgia (Planning Entity). (AID/DSAN-G-0247) 49p.
KEYWORDS: groundnuts, planning of research, yields, constraints,
research objectives, project implementation, research institutes,
institutional resources 6

3852 PLANNING HANDBOOK FOR THE PLANNING OF THE SEASONAL PLANS OF
THE ADP. Brummelman, G. (1991) Peshawar, Pakistan: Islamic
Republic of Pakistan, Govt. of N.W.F.P., Dept. of Planning &
Development. (PATA Pub. 71) 38p. KEYWORDS: Pakistan, Asia,
South Asia, handbooks, national programs and projects, planning of
research, farmer participation, PATA Groundwater Irrigation Project
PK.6

3853 PLANNING OF RESEARCH PRIORITIES. Stilwell, T.C. (1980) La
Paz, Bolivia: Consortium for International Development (CID).
(Working Paper no.7/80) 49p. KEYWORDS: CID, planning of
research, research strategies, research development objectives,
.project evaluation, experiment stations 6

3854 PREPARING AFRICAN WOMEN FOR LEADERSHIP IN THE AGRICULTURAL
SCIENCES: A CONCEPT FOR DEVELOPMENT. (1988) Morrilton, Ark.:
Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development.
(Working Paper no.2) 26p. KEYWORDS: Winrock, Africa, women,
education, training, agricultural education, educational planning,
human resources, women in development AFRICA.6

3855 RAPPORT ANNUEL 1984: PROJECT D'APPUI AU DEVELOPPEMENT
AGRICOLE. (1985) Port-au-Prince, Haiti/Fayetteville,
Ark./Morrilton, Ark.: Haiti, Ministry of Agriculture/Univ. of
Arkansas/Winrock International. (USAID Project no. 520-0092)
170p. KEYWORDS: Haiti, Latin America, Caribbean, Winrock,
national programs and projects, annual reports, project design,
project evaluation HT.6

3856 REFORZAMIENTO DEL INSTITUTE NATIONAL DE INVESTIGACIONES
AGROPECUARIAS: BASE PARA UN SISTEMA NATIONAL DE INVESTIGATION
AGROPECUARIA. (1989) The Hague/Quito, Ecuador: International
Service for National Agricultural Research (ISNAR)/Instituto
Interamericano de Cooperaci6n para la Agricultura (IICA). (ISNAR
R43s) 196p. KEYWORDS: Latin America, South America, Ecuador,
national programs and projects, institution building, I.:.<.-.., TNIAP,
NARS ++









3857 REPORT ON RESULTS OF CONSULTATION ON INTERNATIONAL TRAINING
WITH PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT RECOMMENDATIONS. (Paper prepared for the
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Office of International Cooperation and
Development, Office of International Training). Compton, J.L.
[1980?]* Ithaca, N.Y.: J.L. Compton, Cornell Univ., Extension
Education. (Designing the Improvement of Training in International
Agriculture. Working Paper #2, Consultation Report) 12p.
KEYWORDS: USDA, international cooperation, training, surveys,
research design, research evaluation, development agencies 6

3858 RESEARCH GUIDELINES AND PROCEDURES. (1985)* Zaria, Nigeria:
Ahmadu Bello Univ., Institute for Agricultural Research, Farming
Systems Research Programme. 38p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West
Africa, Nigeria, educational institutions, surveys, on-farm
research, village level studies, handbooks NG.6

3859 ROLE OF GOVERNMENT AND OTHER INSTITUTIONS IN THE DEVELOPMENT
OF RICE-FISH CULTURE. Sollows, J. (1991) London: Overseas
Development Insititute (ODI), Agricultural Administration Unit.
(Agricultural Administration (Research and Extension) Network Paper
28, p.1-23, Dec. 1991) 23p. KEYWORDS: ODI, Asia, Southeast Asia,
Thailand, NGOs, rice, fish, extension, technology transfers,
innovation adoption, international cooperation, national programs
and projects, case studies, public sector, institutional
cooperation, farmer innovation, private sector TH.6

3860 SOCIAL RESEARCH IN INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL R&D: LESSONS
FROM THE SMALL RUMINANT CRSP. IN: Agriculture and Human Values.
McCorkle, C.M. (1989) (Vol.6 no.3 p.42-51, Summer 1989; Also
available from Heifer Project International, P.O. Box 808, Little
Rock, Ark. 72203; tel.: 501-376-6836; request no.5708) 10p.
KEYWORDS: anthropology, sociology, agricultural development,
research institutes, multidisciplinary research, small ruminants,
SR-CRSP HT401/.A35

3861 SOIL MANAGEMENT CRSP FINAL PROGRAM PROPOSAL FOR THE
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL SOIL MANAGEMENT PROGRAM
(INTSOIL). (Draft). (1980)* Raleigh, N.C.: North Carolina State
Univ. 51p. KEYWORDS: INTSOIL, soil management, marginal land,
production constraints, rain-fed farming, project design, project
proposals, institutional resources 6

3862 SOME THOUGHTS ON BUILDING DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE NETWORKS.
(Presented at the 1985 Annual AUSUDIAP Meeting, Univ. of Georgia,
Athens, Ga.). Kauffman, H.E. (1985)* Urbana, Ill.: H.E.
Kauffman, Univ. of Illinois, International Soybean Program
(INTSOY). 5p. KEYWORDS: research centers, networks,
institution building 6










3863 STAFF MANAGEMENT ISSUES IN ON-FARM CLIENT-ORIENTED RESEARCH.
Bingen, R.J. (1990) The Hague: International Service for
National Agricultural Research (ISNAR). (Special Series on the
Organization and Management of On-Farm Client-Oriented Research
(OFCOR) Comparative Study No.5) 41p. KEYWORDS: ISNAR, case
studies, on-farm research, research workers, management, problem
identification S540/.053/B46/1990

3864 SUMMARY OF SOME THAI NGO EXPERIENCES IN SUSTAINABLE
AGRICULTURE IN COLLABORATION WITH GOVERNMENT AGENCIES.
Jonjuabsong, L. (1991) London: Overseas -Development Institute,
Agricultural Administration Unit. (Agricultural Administration
(Research and Extension) Network Paper 28, p.24-41, Dec. 1991)
18p. KEYWORDS: ODI, Asia, Southeast Asia, Thailand, 'NGOs,
national programs and projects, rice, fish, problem identification,
farmer participation, institutional cooperation, pesticides,
technology transfers, case studies, private sector, mixed systems
TH.6

3865 SYNTHESIS OF AID EXPERIENCE: FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND
EXTENSION (FSR/E). (Draft). Byrnes, K.J. (1988)* Washington,
D.C.: K.J. Byrnes, Agency for International Development (USAID),
Center for Development Information and Evaluation, Program and
Policy Evaluation Division. 34p. KEYWORDS: USAID, development
theory, development strategies, project evaluation, research
evaluation 6

3866 SYSTEMS THINKING AND PRACTICES IN THE EDUCATION OF
AGRICULTURALISTS. IN: Agricultural Systems. Bawden, R.J. (1983)
(Vol.13 no.4 p.191-203, 1984) 23p. KEYWORDS: Oceania,
Australia, agricultural education, systems analysis, educational
institutions, training S3/.A45

3867 TRAINING PROGRAMS WITH A FOCUS ON WOMEN. (Roundtable on
Goats for Smallholders with a Focus on Women's Roles, 5th
International Conference on Goats, New Delhi, India, March 6,
1992). Jiabi, P. (1992)* New Delhi, India: P. Jiabi, Heifer
Project International. (Also available from Heifer Project
International, P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203;
tel:501-376-6836; request no.6509) 10p. KEYWORDS: women, goats,
livestock, literacy, training, extension, project design, education
6

3868 TRAINING TO SUIT RURAL WOMEN'S NEEDS. IN: TLEIA Newsletter.
Vukasin, H. (1991) (Vol.7 no.3 p.8-9, Oct. 1991) 2p. KEYWORDS:
Africa, Southern Africa, Zimbabwe, women, rural women, education,
training, self sufficiency, surveys S494.5/.S86/I44










3869 TRAINING, NETWORKING AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE THE PRODUCT
AND PROCESS OF THE FARMING SYSTEMS SUPPORT PROJECT, 1982-1987.
*[1988?]* Gainesville, Fla.: Univ. of .Florida, Farming Systems
Support Project (FSSP) (Cooperative Agreement No.
Dan-4099-A-00-2083-00, Project No. 936-4099) 24p. KEYWORDS:
USAID, FSSP, development agencies, technology transfers,
communication, networks, training 6

3870 TRIP REPORT: SUDAN. Coughenour, M. (1983) Lincoln, Neb.:
Univ. of Nebraska, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources.
4p. KEYWORDS: Africa, Sudan, INTSORMIL, project appraisal
SD.6

3871 VIABILITY AND METHOD THE POSSIBILITIES FOR FARMING SYSTEMS
RESEARCH IN BIHAR, INDIA. (Paper prepared for the Conference on
Gender Issues in Farming Systems Research/Extension, Gainesville,
Fla., Feb. 26-March 1, 1986). Grosvenor-Alsop, R. (1986)* s.l.:
R. Grosvenor-Alsop. 18p. KEYWORDS: Asia, South Asia, India,
problem identification, research strategies, gender,
interdisciplinary research, problem identification, women in
development IN.6

3872 WEST AFRICAN FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH NETWORK (WAFSRN):
ACTIVITIES AND WORK PROGRAMME FOR 1988-1989. (1988) Ougadougou,
Burkina Faso: West African Farming Systems Research Network
(WAFSRN). 18p. KEYWORDS: Africa, West Africa, networks,
information exchange, training AFRICA.6




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