Front Cover
 Title Page
 The solution of the drainage...
 A young farmer's field
 Location and description
 Life here is many sided
 Richest soil in the United...
 The key to paradise

Group Title: Agriculture in Martin County, Florida, Atlantic gateway to the Gulf of Mexico : better living and bigger profits for the farmer.
Title: Agriculture in Martin County, Florida, Atlantic gateway to the Gulf of Mexico
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055207/00001
 Material Information
Title: Agriculture in Martin County, Florida, Atlantic gateway to the Gulf of Mexico better living and bigger profits for the farmer
Physical Description: <24> p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Stuart Chamber of Commerce (Stuart, Fla.)
Publisher: Stuart Chamber of Commerce
Place of Publication: Stuart Fla
Publication Date: <1926?>
Subject: Agriculture -- Florida -- Martin County   ( lcsh )
Description and travel -- Martin County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00055207
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002656128
oclc - 01748510
notis - ANC3207

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
    Title Page
        Page 2
    The solution of the drainage problem
        Page 3
    A young farmer's field
        Page 4
    Location and description
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Life here is many sided
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
    Richest soil in the United States
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
    The key to paradise
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
Full Text

(Jgriculture in

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Atlantic QatewaK to the Qulf of orexico

Better Living and Bigger
Profits for the Farmer

Compliments of


g9/e StJ eite Ganal nmides
both 3>ratinae and 9anspfortation
________ :- ---------------- ---*

he Solution of the
DTh.inage 9yoblem _

F30 97593] 6403928
S932a 71

View of Riesdeuces and Yards, Poultry Farm of Mr. H. N. Gaines

A Young Farmers" Field

MARTIN COUNTY, Florida, has agricultural advantages such
as are possessed by no other region in the world. Its nearly
perfect climate, free from extremes of heat and cold and
practically frostproof; its accessibility by rail and water to state
and foreign markets its central position in the middle of the famous
East Coast-All these destine it to agricultural leadership.
Such advantages, coupled with the fact that much of the county is
virgin soil that has not been over-exploited, present an exceptional
opportunity to the farmer, young or old, but one that is especially
attractive to the young farmers of less favored regions who want
to strike out for themselves in a land with a future.

With Martin County's abundant rainfall, the question of drainage
is of supreme importance; and this has been worked out in one of
the most remarkable drainage systems in existence. This system,
more fully described in the following pages, and centering in the
St. Lucie Canal with its splendid locks, has now made available for
cultivation many thousands of acres of the richest soil in the United

To all sturdy men and women who want to live in Florida's favored
climate and make their living from the soil, Martin County beckons
with inviting hand. It offers pioneer opportunities without pio-
ner hardships in a land of glorious climate and scenic attractive-
ness that is one of the few real garden spots of the world.

Location and

ated by the 1925 Florida
legislature from parts of
Palm Beach and St. Lucie Coun-
ties, and was named in honor of
the Governor of the State. It lies
Shalf-way between Jacksonville
and Key West, on the famous
East Coast. The county seat,
Stuart, is on the St. Lucie River,
and is a growing seaport with the
9k'"," finest natural deep-water harbor
south of Savannah, Ga., and, fur-
thermore, is the eastern outlet for
the cross-state freight water-

"'E" The county has an area of 456,-
000 acres. It is thirty miles wide,
and is bounded on the east by the
Atlantic Ocean and on the west
by Florida's inland sea, Lake
Okeechobee. These two factors,
combined with Martin County's
location at the juncture of tem-
perate and tropical zones, keep
temperatures nearly even and cli-
mate equable all the year 'round.
Rainfall is abundant and is
evenly distributed throughout the
year. The land is high, and level
or slightly undulating, and is,
therefore, easily drained. With
the aid of state funds, a drainage
system of wide ramifications is
rapidly being pushed to comple-
Vo.w'- tion.

The backbone of the drainage
system is the St. Lucie Canal, ly-
ing wholly within Martin County,
and linking Lake Okeechobee
with the Atlantic Ocean. Work
on this canal, third largest in the


world, is more than 98 per cent
completed. It is 30 miles long,
200 to 250 feet wide, and is now
from 8 to 15 feet deep. It will
have a depth of 15 feet when

Numerous benefits besides drain-
age will be derived from the con-
struction of this huge waterway.
Deep enough to float water-borne
commerce, it will be an important
link in the cross-state freight
route connecting the Atlantic
Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico.
Martin County produce can thus
reach market by cheap water

At the mouth of the St. Lucie
Canal lies the county seat, Stuart,
260 miles south of Jacksonville
and 120 miles north of Miami. A
network of waterways, including
the Indian River and four forks
of the St. Lucie (into which emp-
ties the Canal) almost completely
surrounds this flourishing East
Coast City. A quarter-million
dollars is now being spent to
deepen the harbor mouth and an
'additional million has been voted
for further harbor development

Completion of this work will give
Stuart an impetus that will be felt
throughout Martin County. What
it will mean to farmers and grow-
era in the matter of increased fa-
cilities for distribution of live-
stock and produce can readily be


Apiary-Busy te year 'round-Flowers Always

Life Here is Many Sided

ADEQUATE educational and social advantages, and recrea-
tional outlets unsurpassed, are at the command of the Mar-
tin County farmer.
One hundred and twenty-five miles of hard-surface highway criss-
cross the county, giving the farm family easy access to town; and
$1,800,000 is now available for the building of additional high-
At Stuart, the county seat, are grammar and high schools with fine
records for scholarship and faculty personnel. They are accred-
ited institutions. Any scholar graduating from the Stuart High
School is admitted to colleges without examination. Methodist,
Baptist, Episcopal, Catholic and Christian Science churches are
active in community life. Boat clubs, country clubs, music clubs,
women's clubs, invite the Martin County resident to membership
and participation in activities.

Gathering the Famous Indian River Oranse

Wholesome outdoor sports can be engaged in at all seasons of the
year. Fishing? The canals and wide reaches of the St. Lucie
river teem with gamey fish. Motor boating and yachting can no-
where be enjoyed so well as on the broad St. Lucie and Indian
rivers. As for surf-bathing, mile upon mile of glorious beach, eas-
ily accessible by motor car along the ocean highway that winds in
and out of the sand dunes, are a constant invitation to enjoyment.
The Gulf Stream is just offshore, its warm waters tempering the
surf at all seasons of the year.

For the motorist nothing more delightful than a jaunt along this
same ocean highway south from Stuart can be found. Here is an
enchanting vision of a turquoise sea; there, another of some de-
lightful country home to which a wealthy Northern family retreat
every winter from the cold and ice. And just before you reach
Jupiter Inlet and the southern boundary of Martin County, there is
Olympia Beach, with its great estates embowered in trees and
lawns-truly, a little bit of Paradise.

Easter ilies Being Grown for Market

DUE to the vast extent of its water boundaries, Martin County
enjoys an even more delightful semi-tropical climate than
many sister communities of this same favored state.
It has thirty-one miles of coast line on the Atlantic Ocean, fifteen
on Lake Okeechobee, and approximately 160 miles of deep wide
The result is an even year-round climate free from extremes of
both heat and cold. The average winter temperature is 61 degrees,
the average summer temperature 83 degrees, and the average an-
nual rainfall is 58 inches.
Summer days are delightful, and nights cool. Winters are so milrd
as scarcely to deserve the name. Flowers bloom everywhere
throughout Martin County the whole year 'round.
In some quarters, there is the mistaken thought that Florida's sum-
mer season is too hot for comfort. But this is not true of the state
as a whole, and least of all is it true of Martin County. The United


States Weather Bureau figures and the experience of all who have
visited or lived in this delightful region during the months between
April and October make it clear that, if that were possible, life here
in summer is even more desirable than in winter. Salty trade
winds, fresh from the Atlantic, never fail; the periodic "heat
waves" of the North and West are unknown; and there has never
been a single heat prostration.

Such a climate is wonderful for crops, for livestock, dairy herds
and poultry. But it is wonderful for humans, too, as it makes
working conditions as nearly perfect as can be. Moreover, it means
camping, hiking, touring, fishing, boating, ocean and lake bathing
and every other form of wholesome outdoor recreation every month
in the year.

The climate of Martin County has long been attractive to winter
visitors. Each season celebrities by the score are listed among its
visitors. In past years these visitors have included four Presidents
of the United States, Presidents Arthur, Cleveland, Roosevelt and
Harding. Among notables who have large holdings or estates in
Martin County are to be found Ward Wickwire of Buffalo, Col. T.
F. Murphy of Philadelphia, Gen. George R. Dyer of New York, and
Lucius W. Robinson of Rochester, N. Y.

Aylbury Ducks are at Home in Martin County


Richest Soil in the United States
FLORIDA may safely claim to have the Richest Soil in the
United States. Government comparisons show that the yield
per acre is larger here than any other place in the country.
The Blue Book of Southern Progress (1926 Edition) presents a very
interesting analysis of the average crop yield per acre for every
,state in the Union during 1925. It is worthy of note that Florida
heads the list. The. average yield per acre of farms under cultiva-
tion was $107 per acre, a yield per acre of $28 greater than the
average of $79 per acre of California, which state ranked second.
To a marked degree, this predominant leadership is due to Flor-
ida's large yield of early vegetables and fruits for the quickly-
reached Northern and Western markets. Florida produce reaches
these markets, furthermore, at a time when there is tremendous
demand for green vegetables, and fresh fruits, and when there is
practically no competition from other producing states. There-
fore, the farmer in Florida is in a position to command top prices
for his crops.
The market conditions under which his crop must be sold are very
important for the farmer. A dollar or two additional per bushel,
may be the difference between prosperity and poverty. In Martin
County, the farmer is certain to get the highest price for his pro-
Moreover, Martin County's fertile soils yield crops far higher in
value than even the Florida average. A typical instance is fur-
nished by the experiences of the Millett brothers, farming near
Palm City.

Naphw Grar Under Cultivathies Marti Curty

A Fine Crop of Tomatoes in Martin County

Becoming interested in the agricultural possibilities of Martin
County, they purchased ten acres a little more than one year ago.
The first year they cleared 41/ acres, which they planted to egg-
plant, peppers and tomatoes. The eggplant alone yielded 300
crates to the acre, and these were sold for more than $6 a crate.
It is very true that the farmer in Florida, and particularly in Martin
County, will be able to grow a more productive crop, with greater
profit to himself, on half or even one-quarter of the land under
cultivation that he would have to till up north.
Another fine money-maker is the potato. Experts pronounce Mar-
tin County soil among the finest in all Florida for this crop. Imag-
ine eating fine big new potatoes from your own fields at Easter!
Yet this is the experience that Martin County farmers enjoyed this
year. (See cut on back page.)
Oranges, grapefruit and pineapples also flourish here. The largest
citrus grove on the East Coast is near Stuart. Every year thousands
of boxes of the finest grade of these fruits are shipped north where
they bring top prices in the winter markets. And 80 per cent of
all the pineapples grown in America come from Martin County.

^- -'

Education i mot
Martin County is well below the frost line and injury to crops be-
:ause of cold weather is unknown in this vicinity. The grower in
Martin County plants his winter crop with freedom from worry on
account of freezing. While people up north are complaining of
ice and snow, the sun will push his crop along, and bring it to ma-
:urity when prices are highest.

3o rich, in fact, is Martin County soil-so productive of bumper
:rops at the off season elsewhere, is its climate, so abundant are
its transportation facilities-and so accessible to northern and
western markets is its location, being only forty hours from New
York-that nowhere in the world can the advantages enjoyed by
Farmers in this favored region be even approached.

So certain of this is the noted journalist and leader of public
opinion, Arthur Brisbane, that he himself has purchased a ten
thousand acre tract of land in Martin County. And here in co-
operation with the Seaboard Air Line Railway, whose immense
holdings immediately adjoin his property, Mr. Brisbane is having
laid out an experimental farm for the benefit .of Martin County's

^ 'US^ "'^ ,*.-?: *' *

Pma.s View of the Largst Chia

M Martin Coauty
new farm colonists. This farm will be supervised by the most
competent men obtainable under the direction of the General
Agricultural Agent of the Seaboard Air Line Railway. It is in sec-
tion 23, township 39, south, range 40 east, north of the Stuart-Annie
road and south of the St. Lucie Canal.
But the richest soil in the United States would be valueless without
good transportation. Three railroad lines traverse Martin County's
fertile fields. They are a branch of the Seaboard Air Line Railway,
and the main line and a branch of the Florida East Coast Railway
system. The latter is being double-tracked from Jacksonville to
Miami, through Stuart. When this work is completed, Martin
County will have 200 miles of railway. These lines tap the great
East Coast centers of population north and south of Martin County,
and also the numerous flourishing communities of the central sec-
tion of the state. Everywhere are markets, quickly reached by
rail or water, and all waiting to absorb Martin County's fresh veg-
etables and fruit. Right of way along the banks of the St. Lucie
Canal has been granted the Seaboard Air Line Railway for its pro-
jected line from Indiantown into Stuart.

"0 om nhC Ease Cea of Florida

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9 mand aoln
a G94itableomM2aewna

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I amutla& L~

in m9Srn County




MORE dairy farms rather than more golf courses, according
to Roger Babson, noted statistician of business, is the need of
the hour in Florida. And Martin County stands ready to
answer this call.
Mr. Babson's diagnosis is borne out by the facts. In the great pop-
'ulation centers of the state, such as Miami, Tampa, Jacksonville,
St. Petersburg and Palm Beach, milk consumption has increasingly
outstripped production for the last three years. Right today Flor-
ida annually imports $24,000,000 worth of dairy products that
might just as well have been produced at home.
Yet, while Florida is admittedly backward in dairying, the state
possesses some of the record cows of the Nation, showing that the
right man with the right cow can obtain real results.
Martin County lands are splendidly adapted to the raising of live-
stock, especially dairy herds, and our climate is ideal for the pur-
pose. There is abundant acreage for pasture and feed production.
The U. S. Bureau of Animal Industry certifies the county to be a
tick free area, thus permitting importation of foreign breeds with-
out fear of Texas Fever. And our year-round growing season and
even climate make possible the maintenance of dairy herds with no
expense for shipped feeds and no need for elaborate housing.
In Napier Grass, moreover, Martin County dairymen find a green
feed which is revolutionizing the dairy industry. This grass intro-

Thwmug Med Jersy Herd-Naplor Gras Forae for ti Group


duced into this country in 1913 from South Africa, by the U. S.
Department of Agriculture, is essentially a southern plant which
can be raised only in a southern climate. And it was first success-
fully grown in Florida, where in 1923 at the Florida State Fair at
Jacksonville it was awarded first prize of all forage crops.
Too much cannot be said in praise of Napier Grass, for stock cannot
overfeed on it and suffer ill results thereby; it is the surest crop
in all kinds of weather; it is cheap but high-grade, and it can be
utilized as pasture, ensilage, hay or meal. The average yield on
Martin County soil may safely be estimated at from 40 to 60 tons
of green fodder per acre to the season.
With abundant water, green feed, ready markets right in the state
waiting to absorb all the milk one can produce, and an open climate
that permits the herd to range month in and month out without
oversight or housing against bitter weather, the Martin County
dairyman faces assured success.
Another important feature for the dairy farmer is transportation.
The completion of the double-tracking of the Florida East Coast
Railway, and the entrance of the Seaboard Air Line Railway into
this territory gives excellent transportation facilities by rail. The
completion of the Stuart Harbor project will offer the same facili-
ies by water. Dairy farmers located in Martin County will have
cheap transportation to all parts of the state, and easy access to the
important markets of Miami, Tampa and Jacksonville, as well as
the smaller markets between these points.

A Ibtw Cmty Dair

White Lerhoras-Omly a few of the 6,000 in this flock

HE climate of Martin County is highly favorable to poultry-
raising. As one successful poultryman puts it: "In the
North you have one season of the year to do certain things;
here, because of our mild all-year climate, we do our work when
we please."
Laying flocks are managed much as elsewhere, but the work is far
simpler due to the fact that the birds can be permitted out of doors
practically every day in the year. In a recent issue of The Poultry
Tribune, Prof. F. H. Stoneburn points out, among other things,
that our mild climate simplifies the housing problem to such a
marked degree that satisfactory laying houses can be built at about
$1 per hen capacity; also, that the producer of market eggs should
make a "profit above feed costs of at least $3 per bird."
To make a success of a "one-man" poultry farm is not only possible
in Florida; it is being done in many places throughout the state.
And Martin County, with its reasonably priced land and fertile soil
and mild climate, is particularly well adapted to such plants.

tr/eur 9 brisbane

7he 9(ey to paradise

TO OWN and live upon a piece of good land that provides his
support and something over, is perhaps man's chief ambition.
But farm ownership in the United States, generally speaking,
is becoming more and more difficult each year. Men still seek the
land but they cannot always own it, for prices are steadily on the
rise and have now reached the point where many a young farmer
cannot afford to buy. Government statistics for 1925 tell a vivid
story: they show that since 1900 farm-ownership has steadily gone
down and farm-tenancy as steadily has increased.
The day when the poor man could take his family in a covered
wagon and strike west in the assured expectation of being able to
homestead and clear good land in the wilderness, and have it for
his own, is definitely past.
The pioneers won their battle for freedom and independence, but
in doing so they cleared away the wilderness. Where once they

got free land or cheap land, the young warmer of the present gen-
eration must pay a price too often beyond his reach.
It is to these men and women of today who are imbued with the
pioneer spirit, and with a desire fot homes of their own at a price
within their reach, that Martin County holds out the invitation:
"Come." To them is said: "Here are thousands of acres of virgin
soil at prices and on terms within your reach. For you, the day of
pioneer opportunities still exists in Martin County."
But how different the life of the newcomer to Martin County today
from the toilsome, drab existence of the bygone pioneer. There
was little joy for the settler in those old days and sterner lands.
He fought wild men and beasts; battled ice and snow in winter,
and drought in summer; lived in a log shack without any conven-
iences, without churches, schools, neighbors, lights, telephones,
roads. And today-
Today the Martin County settler has all that the old pioneer lacked.
Nature works for him, instead of against him. The elements that
united to make life miserable for the pioneers of the last century
now join to help him grow more profitable crops with less labor.
Pleasant weather, plenty of moisture, rich soil, adjacent cities and
good living may be his in Martin County. In fact, he may have the
best of life in as nearly perfect a climate and environment as the
world affords today.
Darwin P. Kingsley, president of the New York Life Insurance
Company, who has made a close study of the effect of climatic
conditions upon health and prosperity, in a public address recently
"Climate is the key that unlocks the door to paradise."
In Martin County, Florida, that key is found.

Track Farmia in Martin County


PEOPLE live well in
M a r t i n County.
The farm homes
are beautiful modern
bungalows, as substan-
tial and conveniently-
appointed as the best of
moderately priced
homes in a city suburb.

Embowered in the
wealth of flowering
vines, shrubs and trees
for which this garden-
like region is famous,
and which bloom the
year 'round, these
homes reflect the spirit
of the land. A rich
land, overflowing with
plenty; a genial land,
where Nature is always
at her smiling best,
where life is just a little
bit better than any place
else on earth ..... no
wonder it is a proverb
that "Nobody ever fail-
ed on a Florida farm."

In the concluding pages
will be found pictures
of a few typical farm
homes of Martin Coun-
ty, and of the scenes of
beauty and abundance
which surround them.
These have been kept
for the last, in order
that this thought might
be left: Martin County
is a good place in which
to live.

Martin County Ce tmmeu Palm


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and Ohrs am eSrdbnse ictn

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Home Industry-Seminole Bead Worker

Hometead of Tom Tiger, Seminole, at ladlatown




IS is but the briefest descrip-
tion of the attractions that
Martin County offers to all
farmers who come to live and work
in this All-Year Land. Perfection
is not claimed. But it is believed
that, taken day in and day out,
month in and month out, enthusiasm
is justified and that in all the world
there is no place quite so good as
Martin County for the farmer.
Personal investigation is invited.
Upon request, advice upon values
and prices of land will be given.
Detailed information will be fur-
nished and every possible assistance
will be rendered. Address-

Chamber of Commerce
Stuart, Florida

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