Results of spirit leveling in Florida, 1911 ( FGS: Bulletin 516 )

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Title:
Results of spirit leveling in Florida, 1911 ( FGS: Bulletin 516 )
Series Title:
U.S. Geological survey. Bulletin 516
Physical Description:
24 p. : pl. ; 23 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
Marshall, Robert Bradford, 1867-1949
Publisher:
Govt. Print. Off.
Place of Publication:
Washington
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Altitudes -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Funding:
Geological Survey bulletin ;
Statement of Responsibility:
R. B. Marshall, chief geographer.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:

The author dedicated the work to the public domain by waiving all of his or her rights to the work worldwide under copyright law and all related or neighboring legal rights he or she had in the work, to the extent allowable by law.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000457963
oclc - 05297848
notis - ACM0683
lccn - gs 12000538
System ID:
UF00055173:00001

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
    Title Page
        Page 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 3
    Introduction
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Primary Leveling
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
    Elevations by Coast and Geodetic Survey Precise Leveling
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
    Index
        Page 24
Full Text


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
GEORGB OMO SMNITH, DemUm.

BmIJ~TMr 516



RESULTS OF SPIRIT LEVELING

IN FLORIDA


1911


R. B. MARSHALL, CHIEF GEOGAPHE


WASHINGTON
GOVYRNMHNT PRINTING OFF10
1912





















CONTENTS.

Page.
Introduction ............----- .. .------------------------------ ---------- 5
Scope of work.................... ..... ....... .................... 5
Personnel ............................................................ 5
Classification......................................................... 5
Bench marks........................................................... 5
Datum ..............................------ ....................------ 6
Topographic maps ..................................................... 6
Primary leveling.............-........................--. .--....------ .... 7
Dinner Island, Greencove Springs, Hague, Hawthorn, Interlachen, Palatka,
Starke, and Welaka quadrangles (Alachua, Bradford, Clay, Marion,
Putnam, and St. John counties)..................................... 7
Appendix. Elevations by Coast and Geodetic Survey precise leveling...... 20
Arredonda, Bronson, Cedar Keys, Dinner Island, Hawthorn, Interlachen,
Palatka, St. Augustine, and Younglove quadrangles (Alachua, Levy,
Putnam, and St. John counties).................................... 20
Index... ................................................................. 25




ILLUSTRATION.

Page.
PLAT I. Geological Survey bench marks.................................. 5







U. S. OSOLOGICAL sunvSv SULLETI'~ 516 PLAIS I


GEOLOGICAL SURVEY BENCH MARKS.

A, Tablet used in cooperating States. The State name is inserted at G.
B and I). Copper temporary bench mark, consisting of a nail and copper washer.
A. C, and E. Tablets for stone or concrete structures.
F, Iron post used where there is no rock.


U. S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY


BULLETIN 516 PLATE I










RESULTS OF SPIRIT LEVELING IN FLORIDA, 1911.


R. B. MARSHALL, Chief Geographer.


INTRODUCTION.
Scope of the work.-All results of spirit leveling in Florida by the
United States Geological Survey are included in this report, arranged
by quadrangles. The elevations are based on 1903 adjustment heights
of bench marks along the precise level line of the Coast and Geodetic
Survey from St. Augustine to Cedar Keys and are not likely to be
changed by any future adjustment.
Personnel.-The field work was done under the supervision of
Frank Sutton, geographer, under the general direction-of R. B. Mar-
shall, chief geographer. Credit is given tothe different levelmen in the
introduction to each list. The office work of computation, adjustment,
and preparation of lists was done mainly by S. S. Gannett, geog-
rapher, under the general direction of E. M. Douglas, geographer.
Classification.-No precise leveling has been done by the United
States Geological Survey in this State. For primary lines standard
Y levels are used; lines are run in circuits or are closed on precise
lines, with an allowable closing error in feet represented by 0.05 &-,
in which D is the length of the circuit in miles, sufficient care being
given the work to maintain this standard. For circuit closures
careful office adjustments are made, the small outstanding errors
being distributed over the lines.
Bench marks.-The standard bench marks are of two forms. The
first form is a circular bronze or aluminum tablet (C and E, P1. I),
31 inches in diameter and one-fourth inch thick, having a 3-inch
stem, which is cemented in a drill hole in solid rock, in the wall of
some public building, in a bridge abutment, or in other substantial
masonry structure. The second form (F, Pl. I), employed where
masonry or rock is not accessible, consists of a hollow wrought-iron
post 31 inches in outer diameter and 4 feet in length after being split
at the bottom and expanded to 10 inches in order to give a firm bear-
ing on the earth. A bronze or aluminum-bronze cap is riveted over
the top of the post, which is set about 3 feet in the ground. A third
style of bench mark with abbreviated lettering (B and D, P1. I) is
used for unimportant points. This consists of a special copper nail
1i inches in length driven through a copper washer seven-eighths of
an inch in diameter.






SPIRIT LEVELING IN FAOBIDA.


The tablets, as well as the caps on the iron posts, are appropriately
lettered, and for cooperating States the fact of such cooperation is
indicated by the addition of the State name (G, P1. I). The num-
bers stamped on the bench marks described in the following pages
represent the elevations to the nearest foot as determined by the
levelman. These numbers are stamped with A-inch steel dies on the
tablets or post caps, to the left of the word "feet." The office ad-
justment of the notes and the reduction to mean sea-level datum
may so change some of the figures that the original markings are 1
or 2 feet in error. It is assumed that engineers and others who have
occasion to use the bench-mark elevations will apply to the Director
of the United States Geological Survey, at Washington, D. C., for
the adjusted values, and will use the markings as identification num-
bers only.
Datum.-All United States Geological Survey elevations are re-
ferred to mean sea level, which is the level that the sea would assume
if the influence of winds and tides were eliminated. This level is
not the elevation determined from the mean of the highest and the
lowest tides, nor is it the half sum of the mean of all the high tides
and of the mean of all the low tides, which is called half-tide level.
Mean sea level is the average height of the water, all stages of the tide
being considered. It is determined from observations made by means
of tidal gages placed at stations where local conditions, such as long,
narrow bays, rivers, and like features, will not affect the height of the
water. To obtain even approximately correct results these observa-
Stions must extend over at least one lunar month, and if great ac-
curacy is desired they must extend over several years. At ocean
stations half-tide level and mean sea level usually differ but little.
It is assumed that there is no difference between the mean sea level
as determined from observations in the Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of
Mexico, or the Pacific Ocean.
The connection with tidal stations for bench marks in certain areas
that lie at some distance from the sea coast is still uncertain, and this
fact is indicated by the addition of a letter or a word to the right of
the word Datum" on tablets or posts. For such areas corrections
of published results will be made from time to time as the precise-
level lines of the United States Geological Survey or other Govern-
ment organizations are extended.
Topographic maps.-Maps of the following quadrangles in Florida
have been published by the United States Geological Survey up to
July 1,1912. They may be obtained for 5 cents each, or $3 a hundred,
on application to the Director of the Survey at Washington, D. C.
Arredopdo. Panasoffkee.
Citra. Teala Apopka.
Dunnellon. Williston.
Ocala.

















PRIMARY LEVEING.


Dinner Island, Green Cove Springs, Hague, Hawthorn, Interlachen, Palatka,
Starke, and Welaka quadrangles.

A-ACRoA, BDRADFORD, CUT, alIO, PTA, AN STr. JONX COUNTIR .

The following elevations were determined by primary leveling and
are based on the Coast and Geodetic Survey precise leveling.
The leveling was done in 1911 by J. B. Metcalfe.
0nKm"0 COVE sP IGS QvADNAGrL.
Point .10 mll north of Woe Oroek station north along rilroad to Bostwolk,
theo west along highway to Bunuervie schoolhoue.
Bostwick, 150 feet west of, southwest corner of station, in northwest
corner of crossroads, at outer corner of fence; iron post stamped Feet.
"34 Prim. Tray. Sta. No. 23 "-- -------------------------- 34.372
Bostwick, 1.3 miles west of, 50 feet southwest of road forks to
northwest, about 000 feet east of old tramway grade; nail in root
of pine tree, marked "52.5"--------- ------.---------- 52.49
Bostwick, 2.9 miles west of, about 0.2 mile west of creek, 15 feet
southeast of culvert; nail In root of small cyprus tree, marked
363 "-----------_------------------------ ----- 36. 21
Bostwick, 8.4 miles west of, in southeast corner of crossroads, about
600 feet east of one bridge over Sims Creek, and about 400 feet
north of another over same creek; iron post stamped "37 Prim.
Trav. Sta. No. 22 ".-------------------------------------- 36.706
Sims Creek, center of bridge over; marked "33.4"---------------- 33.4
Bostwick, 4.7 miles west of, at top of hill, 500 feet southwest of
house, 10 feet north of road; nail in root of small black oak tree,
marked "61.7 "-. ----------- -- --- --------------------- 61. 65
Bostwick, 5.7 miles west of,'in angle of road forks to northwest; nail
in root of small red oak tree, marked "84 "--------------- 83.91
Bostwick, 6.2 miles west of, in northeast corner of crossroad, at
east corner of Bannerville schoolhouse; iron post stamped "89
Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 21 ".----------------------------------- 89.234
Bostwick east miles (ucheoked spur line).

Bostwick, 1.1 miles east of, 400 feet west of second-class road forks to
south, 150 feet west of fence corner, 10 feet north of road; nail in
root of large pine stump, marked 24.7 "--------------------- 24.70
Bostwick, 2 miles east of, 6 feet east of T road west, 100 feet east
of creek crossing; iron post stamped "19 Prim. Tray. Sta. No. 24 "- 18.975






8 SPIRIT LEVELING IN FLORIDA.

HAGUZ QUADRANGLE.

Point about 18 miles west of aztem sotheast along highway to a point about
3.5 adle south of New RiTvr.
New River, 200 feet south of, southeast corner of railroad station,
300 feet east of store and 75 feet northwest of northwest corner Feet.
of cotton gin; iron post stamped "146 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 73 "- 144.813
New River, 1 mile south of, in northeast angle of road forks to east;
nail in root of large pine tree, marked "155.5"------------------ 153.93
New River. 1.6 miles south of, on main Starke road, 50 feet north-
east of culvert, 15 feet north of road; nail in root of large pine tree,
marked 157" ---------------------------------------- 155.41
New River, 2.6 miles south of, in northwest corner of crossing of old
tramway and road; nail in root of pine tree, marked "157.3 "--. 155.76

DINNER ISLAND QUADRANGLE.

Hastings south along highway to Roy station.

Hastings, in yard of Thomas H. Hastings' residence, near back steps
of veranda, on west side of house; bottom of square cut in top of
marble post (Coast and Geodetic Survey bench mark)--.------ 7527
Hastings, about 300 feet south of station, in northeast corner of
yard, west side of street; iron post stamped "9 Prim. Trav. Sta.
No. 8---- ------------------------------------ 9.0877
Hastings. 1.2 miles south of, in southeast angle of T road south, near
schoolhouse. 30 feet east of road; nail in root of-pine tree, marked
"11.3 -------------------- -------------------- 12. 29
Hastings. 2.8 miles south of, 400 feet southwest of large white house,
10 feet west of road; nail in top of fence post, marked "18"------ 19.11
Hastings, 3.4 miles south of, west side of road, 'opposite barn, 200
feet east of road. 50 feet northwest of second-class road forks east;
iron post stamped "17 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 9"-------------- 18. 118
Hastings, 4.5 miles south of, at corner of wire fence, 25 feet west of
road; nail in root of pine tree, marked "20.7"----------------- 21.78
Hastings, 5.7 miles south of, 50 feet south of forks to southeast,
15 feet east of road; nail in root of pine tree, marked "24.6"..-- 25.63
Roy, in southeast corner of A. E. Campbell's yard. 150 feet north of
railroad crossing; iron post stamped "23 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 10"- 23.345

HAWTHORN QUADRANGLE.
Point 8.1 miles southwest of Putnam Hall west along highways to MoMeXkin.
Putnam Hall, 3.2 miles southwest of, 20 feet west of road forks,
200 feet south of lake; iron post stamped "102 Prim. Trav. Sta.
No. 29" ------------------------------------------- 102.243
Putnam Hall, 4.4 miles southwest of, 20 feet northwest of road forks,
to southeast, 8 feet north of road; nail in root of pine tree, marked
"149"---- --------------------------------------------- 149.15
Melrose, 0.3 mile east of post office, in southwest corner of cross-
roads, near signboard "Stark 18 mi., McMeekin, 9;" nail in root of
pine tree, marked "153.7 "-------------------------------- 153.61
Melrose, 1.1 miles south of, 100 feet north of road northeast to house,
150 feet northeast of drain crossing, 8 feet east of road; nail in
top of stump of twin tree, marked "115.3"------------- __---- 115.19






PRIMARY LEVELING. 9

Melrose, 2.4 miles south of, in northwest corner of crossroads, near
signboard "Interlachen 10 mi., Melrose 21;" iron post stamped Feet.
"122 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 0"--------- ---------- 122. 249
Melrose, 3.8 miles south of, 80 feet north of road forks northwest,
near signboards pointing north and northwest, 15 feet east of road;
nail in root of pine tree, marked "146"--------------------- 145.93
Melrose, 5.9 miles south of, 100 feet northwest of crossroads, 10 feet
northeast of corner of old schoolhouse; iron post stamped "179
Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 31" ...------------------------------ 178.953
Melrose, 6.9 miles south of, 15 feet west of road forks to northeast,
8 feet west of road; nail in root of small black oak tree, marked
"161.2"-----..-----..... ------------------------- 161.07
Melrose, 7.5 miles south of, about 1 mile north of McMeekin, in north-
east corner of crossroads; nail in root of sapling, marked "139"__ 138.70
McMeekin, northeast corner of L J. Stokes's store; artificial stone
post (Coast and Geodetic Survey bench mark).------------ 120. 230
Mwexeka g fth along U ihway .T1 il
McMeekin, 3.1 miles south of, in south angle of forks to southeast,
200 feet north of forks to southwest; iron post stamped "117
Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 32 "---- --------------------------- 117.296
McMeekin, in enclosure just north of L. J. Stokes's store, 2 feet south
of Coast and Geodetic Survey bench mark; Iron post stamped "120
Prim. Trav. Sta."---------------------------------- 120. 364
McMeekin, at railroad crossing; top of rail....----------...-- --- 107
McMeekin, 1. miles southwest of, 80 feet southeast of second-class
road forks to northwest; nail in root of water oak tree, marked
"10 10 _----------------------------------------------_ 10. 9
McMeekin, 2.7 miles south of, In northeast corner of road crossing;
nail in root of pine stump, marked "11&5 -- ------------ 113.47

zeeo lle math lag Ukhiw via Ms meY Jmst to palt milrs eat of


Rochelle, north end of one-story dwelling owned by S. S. Phifer; cop-
per bolt set in brick chimney (Coast and Geodetic Survey bench
mark) ---------- ----------- ---------------------- 83.16
Rochelle, 15 feet southeast of main entrance to schoolhouse; iron
post stamped "88 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 40 -------------------- 82.703
Rochelle, 4 miles south of, in southwest corner of railroad crossing;
iron post stamped "72 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 41"_---- ----------- 72.442
Rochelle, 5 miles south of 20 feet northeast of railroad crossing; top
of a piece of iron rail driven in ground, marked 68 "----------- 67.59
Micanopy Junction, in front of station; top of rail ---------------- 72.4
Micanopy Junction, 0.4 mile south of, in southeast corner of railroad
crossing, east of railroad track; iron post stamped "68 Prim.
Trav. Sta. No. 42 "---------------------- ----------- 68. 424
Micanopy Junction, 1.3 miles southeast of, 15 feet north of road forks
to southeast; nail in root of pine tree, marked 63 "-------- 62.73
Micanopy Junction, 2.4 miles southeast of, 25 feet south of road forks
to northeast of house; nail in root of pine tree, marked 73 ".--- 72.94
Micanopy Junction, 8.6 miles east of, in southeast corner of cross-
roads; iron post stamped "77 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 43"------ -- 76. 894
Micanopy Junction, 4.8 miles east of, in southwest corner of cross-
roads; nail in root of pine tree, marked "91 ---------------- 90.74
46778-Bull. 516-12---2






10 SPIRIT LEVELING IN FLORIDA.

Micanopy Junction, 5.8 miles east of, in east angle of road forks to
south, about 600 feet southwest of house; nail in root of pine tree, Feet.
marked "74" .....-------------------------------- ---- 74.27
Micanopy Junction, 7.1 miles east of, about 300 feet east of bridge
over Lochloosa Creek, in east angle of forks to north; Iron poet
stamped "73 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 44"----------------------- 72.900
Micanopy Junction, 80 miles east of road forks, 200 feet west of drain
crossing, 6 feet south of road; nail in root of pine tree, marked
06 -----.. ------------------------------------ 65.83
Micanopy Junction, 9.4 miles east of, 800 feet south of drain, 15 feet
east of road; nail in root of pine tree, marked "76"------------- 76.17
Micanopy Junction, 10.47 miles east of, on Seaboard Air Line Rail-
way; top of bolt on southeast corner of truss 108.5, marked 80 ".. 80.02
Lochloosa, 200 feet southeast of station, between main public road
south and railroad; iron post stamped "Prim. Tray. Sta. No.
45, 65 "------------------------------------------ 65.827
Loe~oosa, 1 mile east of, 50 feet east of road forks to southwest,
15 feet south of road; nail in root of pine tree, marked "------ 86.12
Lochloosa, 2.1 miles east of, in southeast corner of crossroads; Iron
pest stamped "82 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 46 "------ -- --- 82.206
Lochloosa, 3.3 miles east of, 50 feet northeast of dim road southeast,
500 feet west of crossroads, 15 feet north of road; nail in root of
pine tree, marked 87 "-.....------------------------------- 8 86.89

oeekle north along highway to point 4 miles nrthest of Tairbeaa.

Rochelle, 1 mile north of, in southwest angle of road to west; nail in
root of pine tree, marked "98"------------------------- 98.32
Rochelle, 2.4 miles north of, 400 if& north of culvert, 300 feet south
of second-class road west, 8 feet west of road; nail in root of water
oak tree, marked "91.6 ".--------------, ------------- 91.60
Rochelle, 3 miles north of, 20 feet west of road forks, to northwest;
nail in root of pine tree, marked 88.7 "------------------ 88.74
Windsor, in northeast corner of crossroads; iron post stamped "114
Prim. Tray. Sta. No. 52"-----.. -------------------------------- 114.293
Windsor, 1.32 miles northwest of, 6 feet north of road; nail in root of
pine tree, marked 83 "..------------------------------------- 83.05
Windsor, 2.9 miles northwest of, 300 feet south of drain, 10 feet west
of road; nail in root of pine tree, marked "80.1 "---- ------- 80.13
Windsor, 3.6 miles northwest of, 300 feet west of west end of bridge over
Big Hatchet Creek, in northeast corner of T road north; iron post
stamped "78 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 53 ----------------------- 77.743
Windsor, 4.7 miles northwest of, 25 feet south of road, 100 feet south-
east of drain; nail in root of pine tree, marked "95.9"---------- 95.95
Windsor, 5.4 miles northwest of, in southeast angle of road forks to
south, 000 feet north of house; iron post stamped "115 Prim. Trav.
Sta. No. 54 "---------------------------------------- 115.423
Fairbanks, 10 feet southwest of, southwest corner of post office in
southeast corner of inclosure, 450 feet north of station; iron post
stamped "168 Prim. Trav. Sta. 55"--------------------------- 162.951
Fairbanks, 3 miles northeast of, 150 feet southwest of east end of
dead-head switch, in corner southwest of railroad crossing, near
Milligan's still; iron poet stamped "157 Prim. Tray. Sta. No. 56 157.486






PRIMARY LEVELING.


Point s miles stheat of Waldo stheast alona highway to point miles north
of olirose.

Waldo, 7.9 miles southeast of, 10 feet north of road forks to south-
west, about 1.5 miles northwest of Melrose; nail in root of pine Feet.
tree .---- ......-----......--------------------- 145.31
Melrose, southwest corner of town hall, 200 feet north of post office;
iron post stamped "162 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 60 "--------------- 162.223
Melrose, 1.4 miles northeast of, in northeast angle of road forks to
northeast, just behind large pine tree; nail in root of small water
oak tree, marked "161.8" -------------------------------- 161.71
Melrose, 2.2 miles northeast of, 30 feet west of road forks to south-
west, about 850 feet south of drain crossing; iron post stamped
"146 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 61 "------------- ------------ 145.867
Melrose, 8.3 miles northeast of, at top of hill, 20 feet west of road, 2
feet southeast of 18-inch pine; nail in root of blazed oak tree,
marked "144.5 "------ --------- -------------------- 144.53

INTERLAOCEN QUADRANGLE.

Point 5.8 miles northwest of Woodburn north and west along hishhway to point
5 miles west of Putna Hall.

Woodburn, 5.7 miles northwest of, 50 feet west of road forks, about
500 feet northwest of old shack; nail in root of red oak tree,
marked "92.4"-------------------------------------- 92.44
Woodburn, 6.6 miles northwest of, in south angle of road forks south,
100 feet east of bridge over Sims Creek. (Bench mark set by a
canal survey of the War Department; it is a pile of concrete with a
tin can at the top. In center of can is a nail, marked "U.S.B.M.")- 50.76
Woodburn, 7.7 miles northwest of, in southwest corner of crossroads,
600 feet southeast of house; nail in root of pine tree, marked
"1121 ----------------- ------ ----- 112.11
Woodburn, 8.9 miles northwest of, 100 feet southwest of creek cross-
ing, 12 feet south of road; iron post stamped "72 Prim. Trav.
8ta. *25 "--,------------------------- 71 623
Woodburn, 10.8 miles northwest of, in southeast angle of road forks
to northeast; nail in root of red oak tree, marked "126.5 "-------- 126.44
Woodburn, 11.8 miles west of, 6 feet north of road, about 0.2 mile
northeast of Florahome-Palatka road; nail in root of water oak,
marked "91" ..-----...... ----- ---.---.---......------... 91.00
Florahome, 0.2 mile east of, at railroad crossing; top of rail-------. 113
Florahome, 150 feet southeast of station, in southeast corner of T
road south; iron post stamped "125 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 26 ".- 124. 518
Florahome, 0.8 mile west of, on southwest corner of railroad truss
over creek; head of bolt marked 92.7 "------------- 92. Gt
Grandin, 200 feet north of railroad station, at northeast corner of
store, inside fence; Iron post stamped "101 Prim. Trav. Sta.
No. 27 "-------------------------------------- 100. 528
Grandin, 1.6 miles west of, at bottom of grade, near telephone pole,
on south joint of rail; marked 97.8 ----------------------- 97.8
Putnam Hall, 50 feet north of railroad station, 10 feet east of four
water oaks in a cluster; iron post stamped 106 Prim. Trav. Sta.
No. 28 "------------------ ----------------------- 105.568






12 BPIBIT LEVELING IN FPLORbA.

Putnam Hall, 1 mile southwest-of, opposite dim road west, 000
feet south of house, 3 feet east of road; nal in root of pine tree, Feet.
marked "94" ------------------------------ 98.97
Putnam Hall, 2.4 miles southwest of, 15 feet north of road, 800 feet
south of lake; nail In top of pine stump, marked 107.1 "---- 107. 07
Paoat m mmies sth of seMsela 9soth sad wet lms lshwym via Oa2g
asap and zedma to pmat .8 mils mertht of k"ma.
McMeekin, 4.1 miles south of, 20 feet southeast of forks; nail in root
of pine tree, marked 104.2 "------------- --------- 104.20
McMeekin, 5.4 miles south of, 25 feet southeast of road forks to
northwest; nail in root of red oak tree, marked "99.8"----------- 99.76
McMeekin, 6.1 miles south of, about 300 feet east of lake, in north-
east corner of crossroads; Iron post stamped 87 Prmn. Trav. Sta.
No. 33 ------------------------------ 86.754
McMeekin, 7.1 miles south of, in northwest angle of T road west,
about 200 feet west of creek and old mill; nail in root of red oak
tree, marked "66.8 "-------- -------- ------------------- 6.78
McMeekin, 7.8 miles south of, 500 feet west of center of bridge over
Orange Creek, 30 feet west of road forks; nail in root of red oak
tree, marked "57.8 ------------------------------------ 57. 72
McMeekin, 8.2 miles south of, about 1,800 feet southwest of Orange
Creek, in triangle of T road east; iron post stamped "69 Prim.
Tray. 8ta. No. 84"------------------------------------- 68.612
McMeekin, 9.8 miles southeast of, in southeast corner of crossroads,
about 4 miles west of Orange Springs; nail in root of pine tree,
marked "78.2"--- ------- -------------------------- 78.10
MMeMekin, 10 miles south of, about 8 miles west of Orange Springs,
20 feet south of road forks to northwest, 200 feet north of small
lake; nail in root of water oak, marked "75.4 "------------ 7. 28
McMeekin, 11.5 miles southeast of, in northwest angle of road forks
to northwest; nail in root of pine tree, marked "73"------------72.75
Orange springs, 200 feet east of post oce, in inclosure, northwest
corner of road crossing; Iron post stamped "68 Prim. Tray. Sta.
No. 5 "- -------------------------------------- 62. 572
Orange Springs, 11 miles east of, in northwest corner of crossroads;
naIl in root of pine tree, marked 6.7" ------ -------------- O60
Orange Springs Ferry, water surface of Oklawaha River, Mar. 13,
1911 ------- -------- ----------------- 1I
Orange springs, 2.8 miles east of, at top of hill, in east corner of
forks to south; nail in root of tree, marked "68.6"-..--..... 68.44
Orange Springs, 84 mfes east of, in southwest corer of crossroads;
Irn post stamped "135 Prim. Tray. Sta. No. 86 -------------- 134.42
Orange Springs, .1 miles east of, on top of rise, 150 feet east of
forks to southwest, 200 feet south of old house, 6 feet south of
road; nail in root of red oak tree, marked "182.5 "----------- 182. 88
Cedar Landing, water surface of Oklawaha River, Mar. 15, 1911 --. 10.
Orange Springs, 6.1 miles east of, about 0.2 miles north of Cedar
handing, 50 feet southwest of forks, 6 feet west of road; nail in
root of water oak tree, marked "14.8 "-- -------- -- 14.12
Orange springs, 7.4 miles east of, In northwest corner of dim cross-
roads, about 1.5 miles northeast of Cedar Landing; nail in root of
pine tree, marked "25.2 ---------------------------------- 27. 0






PRIMARY LEVELING.


Orange Springs, 8.2 miles east of, 30 feet north of tramway crossing,
at southwest corner of shack; iron post stamped "26 Prim. Tray. eet.
8ta. No. 37" .---------------------------------- ---- 5. 469
Orange Springs, 9.9 miles east of, south side of road, opposite T
road north, 20 feet north of old schoolhouse; nail in top of pine
stump, marked "48.8 "..----------------------------- 48 62
Orange Springs, 11.1 miles east of, 200 feet northeast of forks to
west, 20 feet west of road, 400 feet northwest of low place in road;
nail in root of pine tree, marked "28.8 --------------------- 28.56
Rodman, on top of west concrete foundation for iron gate post,
southeast corner of park; cross in concrete, marked 28.6"----- 28.37
Rodman, 3.3 miles northeast of, in southeast corner of crossing of
old Palatka-Rodman road and Wilson Lumber Co. tramway; iron
post stamped "27 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 39"-------------------- 27.110

P.1t 1 mile eat of Rodma to Turpate landing (anMeheod spa line).

Rodman, 2.04 miles southeast of, in southeast corner of crossroads,
250 feet south of drain crossing; nail in root of pine tree, marked
21.5" .------------------------------------------------- 21. 24
Rodmal, 3.5 miles east of, 20 feet east of road, pine tree located as
primary traverse point marked "P. T." in large white letters and
bearing warning sign marked "21.2"; nail in root--------------- 20.97
Rodman, 4.6 miles southeast of, at Turpentine Landing, 30 feet south-
east of road forks to north, 20 feet east of road; iron post stamped
"9 Prim. Tray. Sta. No. 88"--------------- ---------- 8 952

PALATA GVADRANxeGZ.
OiWst 1 mile so s of Mer wsmh elMa MhAway to shells li-, thme
arthwest g highways to pmlat sabt 1 dlle soth of a Mate theme
sthwest teI hihway via sato to pelat L. miles sethwet of

Boy, 1 mile south of, about 800 feet south of second-class road cross-
ing, 26 feet east of road; nail in root of pine tree, marked 25.4 "-. 25.48
Roy, 2.7 miles south of, 700 feet south of two-story house, in north
angle of road forks to northwest; iron post stamped "27 Prim.
Tray. Sta. No. 11 ".-----. --------------------------------- 27.479
Hastings, 3.9 miles south of, 50 feet south of second-cla road forks
to southeast, 6 feet east of road; nail in root of pine tree, marked
23.2 ----------------------------------------- 23.32
Roy, 5 miles south of, in south angle of road forks to southwest;
nail In root of pine tree, marked 21.8 "---------------------- 21.94
Roy, 6.2 miles south of, 6 feet east of road; nail in root of pine tree,
marked 20.2".-----.... -------------------------------- 20.27
Roy, 7.4 miles south of, 6 feet east of road; nail in root of pine tree,
marked 14.2 ".--------..---------------------------- 14.29
Boy, 8 miles south of, about 12 miles north of Schell's Bluff, in north-
east angle of T road north; iron post stamped "6 Prim. Trav. Sta.
"No. 12 ----- ---------- ---------------------- 6.191
Schells Bluff, 1 mile northwest of, in northeast angle of road forks
to southwest, 25 feet east of road; nail in root of pine tree, marked
"10.2 "-------.... ------------------------------ --- 10.33





SPIRIT LEVELING IN FLORIDA.


Schells Bluff, 2.1 miles northwest of, 300 feet south.of second-class Fst.
road west, 80 feet west of road; nail in root of pine tree, marked
"17.5 "-------------------------------------- 17.65
Schells Bluff, 2.5 miles northwest of, 50 feet south of creek, In south-
east corner of sharp turn in road to east, in inner corner of fence;
Iron post stamped "12 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 13 "----------------- 12.014
Schells Bluff, 3.6 miles nthwest of, 6 feet east of road; nail in root
of dead-top pine, marked 254 "--------------------------- 25. 55
Schells Bluff, 4.7 miles northwest of, 6 feet east of road and 30 feet
sopth of forks, 100 feet east of lake; nail in root of pine tree,
marked 27.4 "-..-----... ----------------------------- 27.52
Schells Bluff, 5.9 miles northwest of, 6 feet south of road; nail in root
of pine tree, marked "29.5 --------------------------- 29.66
Schells Bluff, 7.3 miles northwest of, 300 feet west of road forks to
southwest, 6 feet north of road; nail in root of pine tree, marked
222 "---------------------- --------------- 22.34
Schells Bluff, 8.6 miles northwest of, about 1.2 miles south of San
Mateo, 200 feet north of bridge over creek, 20 feet east of road; Iron
post stamped "15 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 14"-- --------------- 15.851
Schells Bluff, 9.9 miles northwest of, about 1.5 miles east of bridge
over Dunns Creek, 20 feet east of road; nail in root of pine tree,
marked "13"------ ----------------------------- -- 18.18
Schells Bluff, 11.3 miles northwest of, on northeast abutment of
bridge over Dunne Creek; chiseled square in concrete marked
&90 "--------- --------------------------- 4.14
Dunns Creek, 1.5 miles west of, 25 feet southwest of road forks to
southeast; nail in root of pine tree, marked "39.4 "------------- 89.62
Satsuma, 150 feet west of station, in southwest corner of yard, 50 feet
east of railroad track; iron post stamped "78 Prim. Trav. Sta. No.
15 ------------------------------------------- -- 78. 64
Satsuma, 11 miles southwest of, at top of rise, 300 feet south of
house, 10 feet east of road; nail in root of water oak tree, marked
98.4 "----------------- ---------------------------------- 98.
Satsuma, 2.8 miles southwest of, in southwest corner of road forks,
150 feet southeast of schoolhouse, near signboard "Satsuma 2)
mL, 1isco 2 mi," 600 feet north of Nashua post offce; nail in root
of tree, marked "87.8 ----- ----------------------------- 87.99
Satsuma, 4.3 miles southwest of, in southeast corner of road cross
ing; nail in root of large pine tree, marked "81.1"----------- -- 81.80

feitt U miles at ft emm, athwust sl al l Attsts t O iU* a hia
via Iatama to PSlats.

Buffalo Bluff, railroad crossing; top of rail ...-. ------- 15. 8
Buffalo Bluff, 1,200 feet north of station, at end of switch, 10 feet
west of railroad track, at northeast corner of base of signal tower;
nut marked "15"------------------------------------ 15.16
Hodges Mill, railroad crossing; top of rail--------------------- 12.
Pomona, 86 miles north of, on southeast abutment of bridge over St.
Johns River, 10 feet east of railroad track and 14 feet below it;
top of iron rod that holds wooden structure In place, marked "9.7 9.98
rental, 1,600 feet west of station, on northwest abutment of bridge over
drain, 2 feet below level of railroad track; top of bolt, marked "24 24.34
Penlal, railroad crossing at station; top of rail---.... ---------. 25.





PRIMARY LEVELING.


Pomona, 10.9 miles north of, 300 feet west of milepost, at cross- Feet.
roads; top joint of north rail, marked "30 "------------------- 30.2
Pomona, 11.6 miles north of, 20 feet south of railroad crossing, at
base of southeast corner of signal tower; bolt marked 32.4 "----- 32.72
Palatka, at southeast corner of train shed of Union Station, on corner
of concrete curb; chiseled square marked "23.6 "--- ------- 23. 87
Palatka, in southwest corner of courthouse square; iron post stamped
"19 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 7" ---------------------------------- 19.390

Pranos north and wet along highways aM Atlantil Coast Line Railroad to
point 4.7 ils northwest of Woodburn.

Springside, 150 feet southwest of railroad crossing, at southeast cor-
ner of L. M. Upchurche's store; iron post stamped "14 Prim. Trav.
Sta. No. 14"---------- ---------------------------- 13. 520
8pringside% 0.8 mile west of, at second-class railroad crossing; Joint
of north rail, marked "16 ".--.---.. ------------------------- 16.0
Woodburn, 30 feet south of railroad crossing, at inside corner of wire
fence, west of road; iron post stamped "15 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 19 ". 14.600
Woodburn, 1.4 miles north of, 150 feet south of crossroads, 10 feet east
of road; nail in root of pine tree, marked 24.7 "--- -------- 24.67
Woodburn, 2.6 miles north of, in southwest angle of road forks south;
nail in root of pine tree, marked "31.5 ---------------------- 31.50
Woodburn, 4.7 miles northwest of, in northeast corner of road cross-
ing, about 2 miles north of Caraway station; iron post stamped
"89 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 20 "--------------------------------- 88. 65

Falatha north alone Atlantio Ooast Line Railroed to point 2.8 miles north of
Rioo Creek station.

Palatka, 1 mile north of, 300 feet south of milepost, 8 feet west of
railroad track, northeast corner of base of signal tower; bolt,
marked "18.3 "--------------------------------------- 18.31
Rice Creek, at railroad crossing opposite station; top Joint of east
rail, marked "10.3 "-.--...------------------------------- 10.3
Rice Creek, 0.8 mile north of station, 55 feet west of railroad track,
just behind milepost, about 500 feet east of main Palatka-Bostwick
road; iron post stamped "27 "----------------- --------- 26. 580
Teasdale, at railroad crossing; top of rail-------------------------- 65.5

Point 7.8 miles west of Boetwtok southwest along highways to point 4.7 miles
northwest of Woodburn.

Bostwick, 7.2 miles west of, in southwest corner of crossroads, about
1,200 feet east of creek crossing; nail in root of red oak tree, marked
"87.6 ".-----.----------------------------------- 87. 55
Bostwick, 8.7 miles west of, 400 feet northeast of bridge over Sims
Creek. 10 feet east of road; nail in root of large pine tree, marked
85.4 ".----- ...-------.... ------------------------ 35.31

Point 414 mile northeast of Bodasn northeast aler highway to Franis.

Rodman, 4.4 miles northeast of, in southeast angle of road forks to
east; nail in root of pine tree, marked "27.2 ------------------- 26.91
Rodman, 6 miles northeast of, 25 feet southwest of road forks to
southwest, 300 feet south of old house at road forks to west; nail
In root of pine tree, marked 42.5 "-- ----- ---------- -- 42.23






16 SPIRIT YLVEoNG IN F MBIDA.

TALu QuVA WOUXI.

Nor.-The line begun near Melrose and run north via Lake Geneva to
Kingsley Lake, west to New River, and south to a point near Fairbanks had
an excessive error (+1.518 feet), and the line from Graham west via Hampton
and Theressa to a point 6 miles north of Lake Geneva closed 1.592 feet high.
A line of secondary levels run from a point about 6 miles north of Lake Geneva
agreed with the first line fairly well up to a point 1.41 miles northwest of Kings-
ley Lake, where an apparent error of -0.6 feet was found. Frdm this point the
line checked closely until a point 2 miles west of Saxton was reached. Here
an apparent error of -1.20 feet was found. The second line was not carried
beyond the latter point. These differences were used as correction, thus giving
closures of -0.282 feet and --0.208 feet at the tie points, and the circuits were
adjusted for these errors, but the results are still considered uncertain.

Aelat 4.8 miles northeast of lairbaks nerteast salre seaesert Air Lne Mail-
wa to Walt, t thes othmast st highways U mEl.
oeet.
Waldo, southeast corner of school building; iron post stamped "157
Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 57----------------------------------- 16.925
Waldo. 1.2 miles southeast of, 600 feet east of culvert, in east corner
of road forks to northeast; nail in root of pine tree, marked
142.5 "-------------------------------------- 142.55
Waldo, 2.2 miles southeast of, in northeast angle of road forks, 250
feet south of house; nail in root of water oak tree, marked
17.4 "---------------- ------------------------------ 157.54
Waldo, .4 miles southeast of, in southeast corner of crossroads, at
southwest corner of church; iron post stamped "171 Prim. Trav.
8ta. No. "-- -------------------------------------------- 171.133
Waldo, 4.6 miles southeast of.100 feet north of crossroads, 10 feet
east of road and 150 feet north of fence corner; nail in root of pine
tree, marked 1566 -------...... ---------------------------- 15. 28
Waldo, 5.8 miles southeast of, in southeast angle of road to eas'; nail
in root of pine tree, marked "190 ----- ----------------- 190.11
Waldo, 6.8 miles southeast of, in northwest angle of road, forks to *
west, about 8 miles northwest of Melrose; irne post stamped "188
Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 5"----------------------------------- 188.457

Pfait a.8 miles netheast of Idre sorth ulea highways via Zak*e Geva
to inguery Lake, thasm wet aler hitgways via kuxtem to peoit 71 ile
wet atf Mse.
Lake Geneva, 200 feet south of railroad station, at northeast corner
of Baldwin & Kennedy's store; iron post stamped "180 Prim. Trav.
Sta. No. 2 "-------------------------------------- ------ 180.065
Lake Geneva, 1.2 miles north of, 15 feet west of road, 800 feet east of
large sink hole; nail in root of dead pine tree, marked "158.6 "1-- 158.50
Lake Geneva, 2.2 miles north of, 140 feet northwest of road forks to
southeast, about 700 feet east of lake; nail in root of pine tree,
marked "182"--8--- --------------------------------- 12. 06
Lake Geneva, 3.2 miles north of, 50 feet west of road, 800 feet south-
west of road forks, at top of rise; nail in root of pine snag, marked
"149 "------- ------------------------------------- 148.93
Lake Geneva, &.8 miles north of, in southwest corner of road cross-
ing, northeast of lake; Iron post stamped "158 Prim. Trav. Sta.
No. 638 ".....-------- ------------------------------- 17. 7






PRIMARY LEVELING.


Lake Geneva, 4.8 miles north of, 10 feet northeast of road forks to
southeast, 300 feet south of bridge over lake outlet, on sandhill; nail Feet.
in root of black oak tree, marked "144.4 "----------------_--- 144.38
Lake Geneva, 6.1 miles north of, 250 feet north of drain crossing, in
northeast corner of intersection of Green Cove-Theressa and Starke-
Lake Geneva roads; iron post stamped "167 Prim. Trav. Sta.
No. 64" ____ ---------------------------------_ 167.429
Lake Geneva, 7.9 miles north of, in southwest corer of forks of road
to west, 500 feet west of lake; nail in root of red oak tree------- 192.10
Lake Geneva, 9.1 miles north of, 300 feet north of old mill stand, 13
feet north of old tram road; nail in root of blazed pine tree------- 226. 80
Lake Geneva, 9.8 miles north of, in northeast corner of crossroads,
10 feet south of charred pine snag; iron post stamped "234 Prim.
Tray. Sta. No. 65 "---------------- ----------------- 233. 786
Lake Geneva, 10.6 miles north of, in southeast corner of crossroads,
1 mile north of primary traverse station No. 65; nail in root of
dead pine snag...---- _____.---- --------------------_ 238.66
Lake Geneva, 12 miles north of, in northeast corner of crossroads;
iron post stamped "246 Prim. Tray. Sta. No. 66 "----------- 246. 227
Lake Geneva, 13.5 miles north of, in southwest corner of crossroads,
250 feet southwest of deserted house, 6 feet west of road; nail in
root of red oak tree__----------- --_------------------__ 228.06
Lake Geneva, 15.2 miles north of, west side of Kinsgley Lake, north-
west corner of crossroads; nail in root of red oak tree---------- 215.04
Kingsley Lake, north end of, at intersection of Laute-Green Cove
Springs and Starke-Green Cove Springs roads, in west corner of
forks, 150 feet south of deserted house; iron post stamped "211
Prim. Tray. Sta. No. 67 "---- ----------------_------- 210.867
Kingsley Lake, 1.4 miles northwest of, about 0.2 mile west of drain
crossing, 6 feet north of road; nail in root of red oak tree-------- 236.44
Kingsley Lake, 2.6 miles northwest of, in south corner of tram and
road crossing; iron post stamped "239 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 68 "- 238.382
Kingsley Lake, 3.8 miles west of, east angle of Starke Lumber Co.
tramway forks to southeast, 30 feet east of junction; nail in top of
pine stump, marked "194" -- __------ -----_-----___--- 193.51
Kingsley Lake, 5.1 miles west of, 200 feet east of tramway crossing,
in slight concave curve; nail in root of large pine tree----------- 173.19
Saxton, 400 feet north of railroad crossing, 30 feet west of Seaboard
Air Line Ry. track, 50 feet northeast of one-story frame dwelling,
on outer corner of fence; iron post stamped "165 Prim. Trav.
Sta. 69 --------------------------------------------- 164.990
Saxton, 4.2 miles west of, 8 feet west of Starke-Sanderson road, 150
feet north of mail boxes 26 and 27, in southwest corner of second-
class road crossing, at corner of picket fence, 100 feet northeast of
one story frame dwelling; iron post stamped "141 Prim. Tray.
Sta. No. 70 "---------------------------------------------- 139.354
Saxton, 5.4 miles west of, 50 feet south of sharp turn of road to
west; nail in root of pine tree, marked "149 "--------------147. 30
Saxton, 6.2 miles west of, 50 feet south of road forks to southeast,
100 feet southeast of culvert; nail in root of pine tree, marked
"139.1" -...------ --..... --.. ----------...------_ _-------_ 137. 51







SPIRIT LEVEIJN IN FIN RIDA.


Sexton, 72 miles west of, on Starke-Raiford road, in northwest angle
of road to north, 400 feet east of home, about same distance
southeast of mall box No. 44; iron post stamped "189 Prim. Tray. Peet
Sta. No. 71 ---"-- --------------- 187.205
Saxton, 8.6 miles west of, 400 feet southeast of road forks, 200 feet
west of Anderbilt schoolhouse, 8 feet wbet of road; nail in root of
pine tree, marked 142.1 "------ -------------------- 140.50
Sexton, 9.6 miles west of, in west corner of c roads, 800 feet
west of house; nail in root of pine tree, marked "142.8"-------- 140. 61
Saxton, 10.8 miles west of, on Starke-Lake Butler road, about 7
miles west of Starke, in west angle of road to southwest; iron post
stamped "149 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 72"--------------------- 147.854

Clay. southeast alon highways via enram a O Cyril to a point 8.8 mall
eat of rTarbaa.

Clayno, northwest corner of house, 100 feet southwest of railroad
crossing, 300 feet southeast of water tank; iron post stamped "155
Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 74" _--------- --------------------- 158.517
Clayno, 1 mile south of, 15 feet southwest of road forks to south; nail
in root of large pine tree, marked "149.7 ----- ------- 148.19
Clayno, 2.6 miles south of, 150 feet southeast of J. C. Padgett's mail
box, 250 feet south of house, 25 feet south of road; nail in large
pine tree -------------------------------------- -- 160.33
Clayno, 3.4 miles south of, in east corner of road crossing, 300 feet
north of large white house; iron post stamped "155 Prim. Trav.
Sta. No. 75 "-------------------------------------- 153.805
Graham, 8 feet east of, southeast corner of station, at road cross-
ing; top of west joining of railroad track, marked "144.4 "----- 142.9
Louisa, 50 feet southwest of station, about same distance west of
crossing; iron post stamped "152 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 76"------. 150.917
Cyril, 150 feet north of station, at railroad crossing; joint of west
rail, marked "150.8 "---------------------------------- 158. 3
Cyril, 2 miles southwest of, 18 feet southwest of road, 10 feet south
and southwest, respectively, of two pine trees painted "U.S.B.M.,"
in large white letters; iron post stamped "156 Prim. Trav. Sta.
No. 77 --------- -------------- --------------- 154.912
Cyril, 3.6 miles southeast of, 200 feet northeast of small swamp, 6
feet north of road; nail in root of pine tree located by primary
traverse ---------- ------------------------------- 151.79

Graham wst along highway via Rampton aad Therw to point 6.1 mile
north of Zake Gsma.

Graham, 1.8 miles east of, 200 feet east of Graham-Starke and
Graham-Hampton crossroads, opposite wide road entrance to house
to south; iron post stamped "147 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 78"------- 145.209
Graham, 3 miles east of, 50 feet northwest of second-class road to
southwest, 6 feet north of road; nail in root of pine stump, marked
"139.8 ------------- ------------ ----------- -- 138. 82
Graham, 4 miles east of, in west angle of road forks to northwest,
about 400 feet northwest of house, 1 mile west of Hampton; nail
in root of pine tree, marked "152.8"------------------------ 151.28






PRIMARY LEVELING.


Hampton, 150 feet east of, northeast corner of station, 50 feet south
of northwest corner of hotel, 8 feet north of pavement, 2 feet south
of old concrete well top; iron post stamped "150 Prim. Trav. Sta. Feet.
No. 79 "----------------- ------------------------------- 148.432
Theressa, 150 feet south of railroad station, 30 feet southwest of
railroad crossing, at northeast corner of one-story dwelling house;
iron post stamped 168 Prim. Tray. Sta. No. 80 ----------------- 166.181
Theressa, 0.8 mile east of, in southeast corner of intersection of
Starke-Melrose and Theressa-Spring Lake roads; nail in root of
pine stump, marked "164.2--------------------------------- 162.66
Theressa, 2.1 miles east of, 25 feet north of road forks to southeast;
iron post stamped "191 Prim. Trav. Sta. No. 81"-------------- 189.837
Theressa, 3.3 miles east of, 150 feet north of road forks, 10 feet east
of road; nail in root of charred pine stump, marked "188.7 "--- 187.11

WELAXA QUADRANGLE.
Point 5 miles southwest of Satstmi west along highways to Pomona.

Satsuma, 5.3 miles southwest of, 75 feet north of entrant to Oak-
wood Cemetery, in sharp angle of road to west; nail in root of pine
tree, marked "24.5 "--------- ------------------------- 24.73
Welaka, In southwest angle of two cross streets, corner of Winston
Stevens's yard; iron post stamped "27 Prim. Tray. Sta. No. 16 "_ 26.886
Welaka, 1.1 miles east of, in southeast corner of second-class road
crossing; nail in root of water oak tree, marked "53.2"---------- 53.36
Welaka, 3 miles east of, at top of hill, 300 feet east of crossroads, 15
feet north of road; nail in root of water oak tree, marked 55.5 "-- 55.70
Welaka, 3.9 miles east of, in northeast angle of crossroads, about
1.5 miles west of Pomona; nail in root of pine tree, marked 66.7 "- 66. 85
Pomona, 300 feet north of station, in southwest angle of railroad
crossing; iron post stamped "63 Prim. Tray. Sta. No. 17 "...---. 63.160














APPENDIX.


ELEVATIONS BY COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY
PRECISE LEVELING.
Arredoda, Broson, Cedar Keys, Dianer Island, Hawthorn, Interlachen, Palatka,
St. Augutine, and Tounglove quadrangles.
ALACHUA, LEVY, PUTNAl, AND iS. JOHN COUNTIES.
The following descriptions and elevations are taken from reports
of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, and are republished by permission
of the superintendent of that bureau. The bench marks were estab-
lished by the Coast and Geodetic Survey and were included in the
1903 adjustment by that survey. The elevations are likely to be
changed but little by any future adjustment.

ST. AUevTrNZa ovADoANOL.
t. Austin sothwest aloea lorida east Coast Railway to Toool aUoti.o
St Augustine, about 6 inches from east and south edges of granite
coping of sea wall, at corner of entrance to basin opposite plaza; eet.
cut (C. & G. S. "Fairfield") --- ------------------- 7.256
St Augustine, in vertical face of sea wall about 1.5 feet from base
28.2 feet south of wharf; triangle with hole in center (C. & G. S.
"Hitchcock ") -------------------------------- ------- 1.307
St Augustine, in face of sea wall, 1.9 meters below top, few feet
south of bench mark A., of wall; upper surface of iron rod 1 inch
square (C. & G. 8. "Tidal") ------------------------------- 0.872
St. Augustine, near center of top of granite coping of sea wall, 3 feet
south of south side of basin opposite plaza; bottom of square cut
lettered "U. 8. C. & O G. S. B. M." (C. & G. "A")----------- 7.046
St Augustine, granite coping of sea wall, near southwest corner of
sixty-seventh stone south of south side of basin opposite plaza,
107 meters south of basin; surface of a smooth place 2 by 2 Inches,
lettered U. 8. O B. M." (C. G. B ")--------------------- 6.689
St Augustine, at southeast corner-of United States reservation west
of plaza, bottom of square cut in top of marble post. Edges of top
of post are broken off; post marked 0 U. S." (C. & G. 8. C ")- 7.896
St. Augustine, United States reservation, west of west end of custom-
house, near building, at center of a marble post 8 by 8 inches by
3 feet, buried in ground 30 inches; bottom of a square cut lettered
"U .8. O. & O G. S. B. M." (C. & G. D ") ---------------- 7.88
Tocol Junction, yard of residence of Mr. H. Wood, near southeast
corner of house, at center of artificial stone post 8 by 8 inches in
cross section and 3 feet long, projecting 6 inches above surface and
lettered "U. S. B. M."; square cut (0. & G. S. E")----- ------ 35.583
20






APPENDIX.


PALATZA QUADRAI GLZ.
astlan othwest along T orlia Rt oast Rallway and wet aloa the
Atlnto oast Line Ralrae to Fruanl.

Buena Vista, northeast corner of railroad station platform, at center
of artificial stone post 8 by 8 inches in cross section and 3 feet
long, projecting 6 inches above the surface; square cut in center Feet.
marked "U. S. 0 B. M." (C. & 8. H ")- .-------.. --.---- 14.722
East Palatka, front yard of residence of Mr. J. E. Gould, in top of an
8 by 8 by 18 inch marble post buried 16-inches in ground and let-
tered "U. S. B. M."; Itottom of a square cut (C. & G. S. I") _-- 16.846
Palatka, near south side of north door on west side of Atlantic Coast
Line Railroad offices, in two-story brick building near St. Johns
River, at west end of bridge over river; bottom of a square cut in
granite doorsill lettered U. S. 0 B. M." (C. & G. S. J ")-------- 12.706
Francis, southwest corner of yard of small dwelling house belonging
to B. D. Howell, north of track, facing railroad, second house west
of railroad station; bottom of a square cut in top of an artificial
stone post 8 by 8 by 86 inches buried 30 inches in ground, lettered
"U. S. C. & O G. S. B. M." (C. & G. S., Francis) ------------------ 69.397
DINNER ISLAND QUADRANGLE.
lXUdlton wuthwst along florida Knst Coat Railway to autings.
Middleton, southwest corner of front yard at residence of Philip
Weedman, near fence, at center of marble post 8 by 8 inches in
cross section and 3 feet long, projecting 6 inches above the surface
and lettered U. S. 0 B. M."; square cut (C. & G. S. F ") ----. 34.590
Hastings, near back steps of veranda on west side of house, at center
of artificial stone post 8 by 8 inches in cross section and 3 feet long,
projecting 6 inches above the surface and lettered U. S. 0 B. M.";
square cut (C. & G. S. "G") -------------- -------------- 7. 527
INTERXLACM E QUADRANGLE.
rruis west laong Atlanti Coast Line Railrd to nterlalohn.

Hollister, southwest corner of yard of dwelling house of Mr. T. W.
Ralp, facing railroad, a short distance west of railroad station,
north of track; bottom of a square cut in top of an artificial stone
post 8 by 8 by 86 inches buried 30 inches in ground and lettered
U. S. C. & 0 G. S. B. M." (C. & G. S. K")------------------- 80.268
Interlachen, on north side of small triangular inclosure in front of
Mr. James M. Erskine's feed store, opposite railroad station; bot-
tom of a square cut in top of an artificial stone post 8 by 8 by 36
inches, buried 30 inches in ground and lettered "U. S. C. & 0 G.
S. B. M." (C. & G. S. "L")---------------------------------- 105,431

HAWTHORN QUADRANGLE.

Intrlaohea west along the Atlatio Coast Line Ballroad to ochelle.

McMeekin, in inclosure north of L. J. Stokes's store, north of track,
short distance west of railroad station; bottom of a square cut in
top of an artificial stone post 8 by 8 by 36 inches, buried 30 inches
In ground and lettered "U. S. C. & 0 G. B. M." (C. & G: S.
M") M9)----------------- ------ --------- 120.230






SPIRIT LEVEING IN FLORIDA.


Hawthorn, on south side (next railroad track) of frame dwelling
house of W. T. Broswell, east of railroad station, in brick chimney,
in eighteenth course above ground, second brick from southwest
corner of chimney; intersection of cross in end of copper bolt Feet
(C. & G. 8. "N") ------...............--__--_- 145.150
Hawthorn, In brick chimney at north end of one-story house of J. N.
Cralg, north of railroad track, half a block from railroad station,
in eighteenth course above ground and in corner brick at northeast
corner of chimney; Intersection of cross in end of copper bolt
(C. & G. S. "0") --------------... ................---- 148.840
Grove Park, in northeast corner of lot owned by M. Spray, across
street south of railroad station; bottom of a square cut in top of
artificial stone post 8 by 8 by 38 inches, buried 30 inches in ground
and lettered U. 8. C. & G. S. B. M." (C. & G. "P ")------- 100.542
Rochelle, in brick chimney at north end of house, In fifteenth course
above ground, In brick which extends to northwest corner, on west
side of chimney; Intersection of cross In end of copper bolt.
(C. & G. 8. "Q")-------------------------------- 83.165

ALranZDOA QVABANGLIw.
Reekle slathwt aleao Atlantle OCst LIe railroad aat Beabord Air Ise
Ravway to ?ainar.

Gainesville, southwest corner of courthouse yard; bottom of a square
cut in top of an 8 by 8 by 26Anch marble post, buried 24 inches in
ground and lettered "U. S. C. & G. 8. B. M." (C. & G. 8. "R")-- 176.992
Gainesvllle, middle of doorway leading to second story of brick Bar-
nett Block facing courthouse square, in middle of front of build-
ing; middle of raised, smooth band on outer edge of iron doorsill.
(C. & G. ")---------------------------- 177. 210
Gainesville, west entrance to brick courthouse, lowest step on right
hand, near wall; bottom of a square cut in the upper surface of
step, lettered U. 8. C. & O G. B. M." (C. & G. T ") ----. 178. 727
Arredonda, corner of orchard of D. G. Harvard, 0.9 meter from near-
est corner post; bottom of a square cut in top of a piece of artificial
stone 8 by 8 by 14 Inches, buried with its upper surface 10 inches
beneath surface of ground, and lettered "U. S. C. & [ G. S. B. M."
(C. & G. 8. U ")_ --- -------------.-_-__ -._ 88.818
Palmer, top of foundation, at northwest corner, 2 feet above ground,
at west end of small house north of track and a little west of rail-
road station; bottom of a square cut in top of one of the stones
forming foundation of brick chimney, lettered "U. 8. B. M."
(C. & G. S. "V")__------------ -- -------------------..... 76.848

TONOGLOVI QVADRAeGLS.
alawr methbwet alons S ear udAir fmt e T aiway to Aroer.

Archer, In brick chimney on south side of Mr. C. W. Banknight's
house, short distance north of track and opposite freight depot of
Seaboard Air Line Ry., In ninth course above ground and in second
brick from southwest corner of chimney, about one-fourth inch
inside oute; surface of brick; intersection of cross in end of copper
bolt (C. & G.S "Archer") -----------------------..------. 85.070






APPENDIX. 23

MO01X0X QAZD.ANGLZ.
Aroner efthwest salS kboua Air aine Rallway to eeswood.

Albion, in foundation of small new chimney on west side of frame
building north of railroad station; bottom of a square cut in top Feet.
of brick (C. & 0. S. "Albion") ----------------------------- 88.578
Bronson, south side of brick chimney at west end of Mrs. L E.
Taylor's house, north of track and nearly opposite railroad sta-
tion, ninth course above ground, in second brick from southwest
corner of chimney; intersection of cross in end of leaded copper
bolt (C. & G. S. W "--------------------- ------- --- 72.088
Otter Creek, in south si4e of brick chimney on east end of two-
story frame house, eighteen courses above ground, in second
brick from southeast corner of chimney; intersection of cross in
end of copper bolt (C. 4 G. S. Otter Creek ")----------------- 32.384
Ellsey, in northeast corneT of front yard of house occupied by J. A.
Williams, south of track and west of railroad station; bottom
Sof a square cut in top of an artificial stone post 8 by 8 by 36
inches, buried 30 inches in the ground and lettered U. S. C. &
0 G. S. B. M." (C. & G. S. "X") .-------. --------------. 25.481
Rosewood, near front of store and post office, inside fence, near west
side of front porch; bottom of a square cut in top of an artificial
stone post 8 by 8 by 36 inches, buried 30 inches in ground and
lettered "U. S.. C. &O 8. B. M." (C. & G. S. Rosewood")-..- 14.570

IEDlA KXIY QIUADRAOKGE.
Rosewood southwest along Seaboard Air ine Railway to Cedar Key.
Cedar Keys, southwest corner of carpenter's shop at south end of
D Street; iron rod, 6 feet long and 1 inch in diameter, with head
2 by 2 inches, driven in sand, with head a little below surface
(C. & G. 8. "Tidal")1.------- -------------------- ----- 3.051
Cedar Keys, "Bench mark is the under edge of the sill of the front
window at the southeast corner of the new concrete store, built in
1877 by Thomas Barnes"; lower edge of window sill (C. & G. S.
"Perkins ") ------ ----------------------------------- 717
Cedar Keys, north iron pier of Transit of Venus station, in surface
of round pier 0.73 metre below top; intersection of cross cut in
south face of Iron pier marked U. B. M." (C. & G. S. Y ")-- 13.130
Cedar Keys, In south side of south iron pier used at Transit of
Venus station, rectangular opening in side of pier 0.10 meter wide
and 0.15 meter high; upper surface of bottom of square opening
of iron pier marked U. S. B. M." (C. & G. S. Z ")---------__ 13.300
Cedar Keys, leaded in south face of brick transit pier of Transit
of Venus station, sixth course above ground, in second brick from
southwest corner of pier; intersection of cross in end of a copper
bolt (C. & G. S. "Transit") -- ------ ---------------- 12.749
SThs bench mark can be reached in one station from tide sta.













INDEX.


A. Page.
Alblo...................................... 23
A~cer ...................................... 2n
Anedundt.................................. 22
Aimdoads quadrgle ......................
AtIntli Coest L e Ralhroad.......... 14-16,21-22

B.
Beft marks, dmlcriptik of ................. 6
Buil B pltesbowi ................ 5
Bo k. ................................. 7,15
OD a m.................................... 23
Bmson quadrangle ...................... 23
Bmsu Vts ................................ 21
Butalo Blu................................ 14
C.
Cedar KyS................................. 2
Cedar ys quadanle..................... 23
Ced LaTnl .............................. 12
Chyo. ..................................... 18
Cyrl ........................................ 18
D.
Dinner hI and quadra le................... 8,21
Dogl, M., work .....................
Dune Creek................................ 14
E.
East Palath................................ 21
BEOu ......................................... 23
F.
Farboa .................................. 10
loraome .................................. 11
Florids Est Coast Railway................. 0-21
Frane..................................... 21
G.
Gainesville............................... 22
Gannett, 8. 8., work of ..................... 5
Graham.................................... 18
Orandin.................................... 11
Green Cove springs quadrangle.............. 7
Grove Park............................... 22
H.
Hague quadrangle......................... 8
Hampton................................... 19
Hastings................................. 8,13,21
Hawthorn.................................. 22
Hawthorn quadrangle................ 8-11,21-22
Hodges M ............................... 14
BoHster................................... 21
I.
Interlabhm.,........... ................... 21
Interlaaeem quadrang.le.. .............. 11-13,21


L. Pae.
Lake Gmva............................... 1-17
Lo oos................................. 10
Louls.............................. ...... 18
M.
M eekin................................. ,1,21
Map ofquadrangles in Florida, list at....... 6
MeIro[ .................................... ,11
Metalfe, J. B., work of..................... 7
Mmopy Junction.......................... 9-10
Middleto.................................. 21
N.
New River............................... 8
0.
Orange Springs............................. 12-1
Otter Creek................................ 2
P.
Patka...................................... 15,2
Palatka quarangle.......................... 13,21
Patlmer................................... 22
Pena .................................... 14
Pomone................................. 14,15,19
Potam Hanl................................ 8,11-1
R.
Rice Cooek................................. 15
Roelle............................... ,10,22
Rodman.................................... 1,15
Roewood.................................. 2
Roy........................................ 8,13
8.
t. Augutine.................................
St. Augustine quadrangle .................. 20
Satiuma............................... 14,19
Sxtom................................... 17-18
Scells Bluff.............................. 13-14
Seaboard Air Line Railway............. 16,2-23
ea level, men, definition of ............... 6
Sim Creek................................ 7
Springtde................................. 15
Starks quadrangle........................... 16-19
Button, Frank, work of.....................
T.
Teedale................................. 15
Thereme................................... 19
Toool Junction............................ 20
W.
Waldo..................................... 11,16
Welk ..................................... 19
Welsk quadrangle........................ 19
Windsor................................. 10
Woodburn................................. 11,15


igsly lad .............................. 17 I Younglove quadrangle...................... 2