Group Title: Indian River County : Walter Sansbury.
Title: Indian River County
Full Citation
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 Material Information
Title: Indian River County Walter Sansbury
Physical Description: 6 leaves : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Sansbury, Walter
Federal Writers' Project of the Work Projects Administration for the State of Florida
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: S.l
Publication Date: 1936]
Subject: History -- Indian River County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references (leaf 6)
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: Typescript for the Federal Writers' Project.
General Note: "The Federal Writers' Project, The American Guide, West Palm Beach, Florida."
General Note: "By consultant, Indian River County, February 25, 1936."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00055111
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002037563
oclc - 33232171
notis - AKM5338

Full Text

The Federal Writers Project P.5.0. j
The American Guide l*
West Palm Beach, Florida /?

By Consultant Indian 3Rver County LU

K.s & _* February 25, 1936
1000 words Walter Sansbury

Indian River county was organized from a part of St. Luoie

in 1925. The 1930 census gave it an area of 407 square miles with

a population of 6724. uhe county is comparatively flat with a few

small rises in the vicinity of uslo and Winter Beach. In the
western part of the county is Lake Wilmington. The Sebastian

River passes through the north eastern section, but goes into
Brevard county before emptying into the Indian River. The latter
river cuts through the eastern Aide of the county isolating a
narrow strip of land between it and the Atlantic ocean. The river

is bridged at Wabasso, Quay (Winter each) and Vero Beachm thus

giving access to the ocean, The county is mainly flat woods with

muck soil around Lake Wilmington and sandy soil through the

coastal section. The mean temperature from November to February
is 48 degrees and from February to November about 80degrees.

Citied and Towns

Sebastian, located ain the north eastern part of the county,

was incorporated in 1925 and had, a population of 386 in 1930 .

fellemere, with a population of 356 in 1930, is located

west of Sebastian.

Wabasso, south of Sebastian, was incorporated in 1925 and

had 300 people in 1930.

Quay is a small community, unincorporated, south of Wabasso.

Gifford, further south, has an entirely negro population

and is ~ot incorporated. ,

F, E. c. Page 2

Walter Sanebury Indian River County

Vero Beach is the largest community in the county, it

grew in size of population from 793 in 1920 to 2268 in 1930.

it is located south of Gifford,

Oslo is a small unincorporated community south of vero

Natural Resources

The region has not been exploited for mineral resources

if any. Numerous artesian wells are available giving sulfur

water, This water has the usual therapeutic value attributed

to sulfur water.


The flatwwods lands of the county are made available for

cultivation by the Indian River Drainage District. As in many

other f'lorida counties, the land in the interior would be

inundated by heavy rains but for the drainage system.


Citrus products are one of the most important crops in the

county. Sugar cane is grown and other products of the usual

farming type. A small amount of logging is engaged in. A County

fair is held annually at which the products are exhibited. 'his

fair usually takes place in Yebruary, weather permitting.
Plora and Yauna

Unusual plants of tropical varieties may be seen at the

MacKee Jungle Gardens. They are located five miles south of

Vero Beach on Federal Highway Do. 1 and the admission price is

one dollar*
iist ori cal

The boom of 1926 saw the arise of numerous subdivisions
thrro.hout the co'-nt;7. -'elsmre ';rrdens, north of ?ellsmere.;

P EC. Page 3

Walter Sansbur7 Indian River County

Broadmoor, west of V'ellsmere; Homewood, south of Iellsmere;

Grassland, in the center of the county; and Orchid, Enos,

and Stanwood all on the ocean are among the boom communities

that have practically faded from view. Vero Beach saw a large

increase in population due to the boom, and though a large

portion of the increase was lost, the bity did grow in size.

The boom program resulted in many better roads throughout the


There are a few legends of treasure along the coast. Some

of these were investigated by interested individuals but no

great finds ever resulted.


Thepopulation of the county is about 80 per cent white

and 20 per cent negro. Gifford, on federal highway vo. 1, is

totally negro.


The Ylorida East Uoast RAilway connects the eastern coast

towns and has a branch line to Iellsmere. The coastal towns are

also connected by the Florida Motor Lines busses. A municipal

Airport is located at Yero Beaoh. Local trarspuitation is by

private a*romobiles.

Hotels and Markets

The principle hotels at Vero Beach are the Vero Del Mar

and The Royal Park, the latter of which is open only during the

season. A small hotel is found at Sebastian called the Sebastian

Inn and at Wabasso is the Wahasso Inn.

There are no cooperative markets. The Indian River Fruit
Growers Association, the iTee Gold .'ruit Packers 0o. and the

Blue fGoose Packing ao. are the principle cooperative selling

P.O E C. Payge 4

Walt er Sansbury Indian River County

organizations for citrus fruits.

Manufacturing and Industry
imports and Exports
There is a sugar mill south of Fellsmere. The grinding

period,when the sugar is made, is taring February and March.
Visitors are welcome. They should turn west at Sebastian over

State Highway No. 167 for about eleven miles to Fellsmere.
Here it is necessary to turn south for some seven miles to the
mills. The raod is passable, but not too good.

The principle exports are sugar, citrus and fish. imports

are of a general nature.


public tennis and shuffleboard courts are available in

Vero teach. A public park is located near the center of the c

city. Canoeing is possible on the Indian River and bathing

facilities are to be found across the bridges at Wabasso,

Quay or Vero Beach on the ocean. Salt water fishing is found

along the ocean also. Fresh water fishing may be had, free to

residents, but with an annual fee of five dollars for non-

residents. Hunting in season is possible. A game preserve

extends one mile north and south of State highway No, 50.

The hunting fee is ten dollars per year. Fishing contests are

conducted during the season. Tennis matches and shuffleboarA

tournaments are carried o0 at the public courts.


Commercial fishing is conducted along the Indian River. This

river is part of the Intercoastal Waterway connecting Jacksonville

with Miami via an inland route.

Walter Sansbury

. : . .. .

* 'Indian River County

Environs-- .

Indian River county is out by two.principle highways*

Federal highway :o. 1 passes through Sebastian, Wabasso, Quay,

Gifford, vero Beach and Oslo and is paved the whole distance.

The road is a little too far west after leaving Sebastian to

observe the Indian River. At Sebastian the traveller may t*rn

west over State Highway i.o. 167 to Fellsmere. About seven miles

south of rellsmere is the sugar mill, The road to v'ellsmere is

paved but south to the Sugar M il may be rather bad. A graded,

unpaved, road leads notth from F'ellsmere and then west to

-nsansville. rom there it is possible to go by paved road to

url-i do.

At Vero -each, the tourist may turn east across the Indian

river to Rio I.Mar and the Atlantic Ocean where ocean bathing is

available. Some five miles south of vero Beach on the federal

+i?.hway ic the clee Jungle gardens, admittance one dollar.

State highway io. 30 passes through the center of the

county, east and west, from vero .each to Yeehaw, a small

hamlet. The road is paved and continues on to Lake Wales and

the bok Singina Tower about eighty miles from vero Beach,


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Most of this material was received from Oaptai

anton, Box 912, vero beach, la. We sudbwitted a

to him and he

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in f rrr~~iaon was


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