Eighland C.nfederationClan Chattan,
most ancient of all Highland clans.
Finley, Ph.D. of Penny
family history and oev
searches in Scotland,
ancient anc noble fami
a Campbell, a Stuart,
During the 17th
ware fro r Inverness.
others settled on the
Finleys of Castle Towr
crossed over into the
Fror the Irish
i in Scotlan
a CaL:eron or
is said to be one of the
The late Johr,-Borland
was an ardent lover of
and labor ro f&nily re-
the Clan Finley is the .mast
., ar:c was proriicent before
. EcDonald had an existence.
clcn began to migrate .outh-
's stopped in -t.tLe lowl.-.:dd ,
western coast of Scotland, where the
rd in Argyleshire now are, while other
North of Ireland.
branch. the ancestors of the American
strong in the presbyterian religious
their descent. In fact there
that the American Finleys are
is ? tradition
- ac \
THE FI IJEYS OF VIRGINIA
Armst- Argent an a chevron, Azure, between three roses, Gules,
two swords points downward and conjoined at the po=mels
of the field, halted and pommeled, or, a bordure of the
Crest:- A boar passant proper.
Another Cresto- A dexter hand holding a scymitar ppr.
Motto: Fortis in Arduis "Steadfast in adversity,"
(Burkets "General Armory", P. 351, Lodon,
The clan of Finley of Scotland, a Pighland fai:ily of
the country in the vicinity of Inverrness, a sect of the great
from the same ancesto:
Finley, who was burnt
and had two sons, Ale:
James Finley born in
Finle., who followed
1769, when he came ov
Princeton College in
Finley, whk- graduated
tutor and trustee of
r as the martyred covenanter, Rev. John
at the stake for Lis adherence to his
in Edinburg, 15 Dec., 1682.
born in Balchrystie, Mewbern Parish,
9, 1631, ma
r, born 1669
was the anc
ev. Jcl-ohn W it
accept a a
jersey. He w
e t cr
James, born 1670.
of Rev. James
;on to America in
the presidency of
Father of Robert
, and later was. a
kho died in 1817,
while serving as president of the Universi
ty cf Georgia at
Alexander, the oldest son of James, who was born in Bal-
chrystie, Scotland, in 1669, removed to the north of Ireland
about 1679, married in 16P5-9, (name of wife unknown), and had
Four sons, John, James, Samuel and ^-ndrew. The history of
Chester County, Pa., shows that these four brothers came td
America with their families and settled in East Nottingham
Township, Chester Co., Penn., (now in karyland), in the year
Of these four sons of Alexander Pinley, James, the second-son,
born about 1687, who married in .relrnd, Elizabeth
'moved from Chester County, I'd., in 1733, and took up his
residence in Cumberland County, Pa., where he died in 1764.
dames Finley had eight sons as followed: Thomas, John, Robert,
William, George, Alexander, James and Andrew. Of these sons,
John, Robert and Williams Finley moved fror: Pennsylvania to
Virginia in 173601737, and became the progenitors of the
Virginia branch of the family.
Early in the Spring of 1736, Benjamin Burden, an agent
for Lord Fairfax, who held, under a patent from ring James II,
of England, all that part of Virginia known as the Northern Neck,
came over, and after remaining a short tire in Williamsburg,
accepted an invitation to visit John eewis, then living 'vest of
the Flue Ridge Yountains in Virginia, where he Lad settled in
1732. Retur:.ing shortly after to "illiamsburg, Burden presented
a fine buffalo calf he had captured to Governor Gcoch, which se
much gratified thc.t functionEry, that -.e fcrthwith directed a
warrant to be made out, authorizing Burden, the agent, to locate
500,000 acres of land on Shenandoah, or James River, west of the
Blue Ridge Mountains. The grant required that Burden should
settle one-hundred families upon said land within ten years,
(DeFess' "History of Western Virginia", P. 38). For this
purpose Burden brought over from England, Scotland, Ireland and
' from Pennsylvania ir 1737, upwards of one tuhdred families. Re
did not receive his grant from the Virginia Council until .1739,
however, (Val Iag. Vol. XXXI, P. 2421; the first settlers of this
grant 'to Burden were EphriamrEcbowell and James Greenlee. And
th their wake followed that atsry .cotch-Irish race from
Pennsylvania, represented by the families of Pinley, Cald ell,
"'atthews, Crawford, Stuart, Lyle, Tilford, Paxton, oore, Doak,
L :.: '
...-..: --- ---------- --~-----"-~
4 '. .
Brown, Wilsen, Caruthers, Pet~terson, Ransey, Grigsby and others,
Cne of the first Presbyterian ministers to settle here was the
Rev. John Craig, a native of Ireland. The Sir6 church to be
built was Tinkling Spring Presbyterian Church, of which John
Finley, Sr., was an elder in 1740. In compliance with the
petition of John ,inley, Sr., wnd John Caldwell, the synod of
Philadelphia in 1738, addressed a letter to Governor Gooch soli-
citing his favor in behalf of.such persons as should remove to
western Virginia in allowing their the free enjoyment of their
civil and religious liberties, an-d the Governor gave a favorable
The early settlers in this portion of Virginia had to
contend with titles obtained by individuals and companies for
large tracts of land, and such grantees were usually favorites
of the king, or the king's councillers. On the 6th of September,
1736, *illiam Gooch, Lieutenant-Governor of firginia, issued
a patent for the "Manor of Peverley", covering one hundred and
eighteen thousand and ninety-one acres of land lying in the
county of Orange between the great mountains and on the Riuer
Sherando, and on Sept. 7, 1736,, William everyl. of Essex
County, Va., became the owner of the entire gran n. This-
patent covered most of the fine lands in the VallJey of Vi ginia
near Staunton and Waynesboro, and it was from this grant t
Augusta County was carved out.of the "palanainate* of Orange in
1738, although'the county was not o anized until 1745. Te-
grant to Benjamin Burden of five hundred thousand area was
situated south of every Manorv and on the waters of the ies
and Shenandoah rivers (h~a sters' 'Riptory of Whahingten
County", P. 39).
In studying the nationality of the early settlers of
southwest Virginia, it must be kept in mind that there was a.. _
great difference between the people inhabiting the eastern '
shores of Tirginia and the early settlers in the.mountains of .
Western Virginia. They differed-both in their ancestry and in --
their religion. The early settlers of Eastern Virginia were
English by birth and Episcopalians in religion; while the early
settlers of Southwest Virginia were Scotch-Irish by birth
and Presbyterians in religious belief. The people thus invited
to settle the g-rden spot of Virginia -.er- the sons of the men
who followed Cromwell. They were mren -ho regarded themselves
according to 1Macaulay, 'as kings by the right of a earlier
creation and priests by the interposition of an Almighty hand ,
King James I, when speaking of a Scotch Prespytery, said, *3Peam-,
bytCry agreath as well with monarchy as Gold7 and the devil.-"
(Ibid. pp. 117, 118.)
Writing about the western movement of the Scotch-Irisrii-'.:
4, ._ .- .
Fiske, the historian says: "This development occurred in'
way even far-seeing men could not have predicted. It introedu8 -
into Virginia a new set of people, new forms of religion, neri,.:.
habits of life. It affected all the colonies south of Pennsyl
,vania most profoundly, and did more than anything else to deteoif.'
mine the character of all the.states afterwards founded west of
the Alleghanies and' south of the latitude of middle Illinois*
Until recent years, little has been written about the coming eWf ..
the so-called Scotch-Irish to America, and yet it is an event @4 '
scarcely less importance than the exodus of English Puritans .
..c .'. 4
New England and that cf the English Cavaliers to Virgini It
is impossible to understand the drift whiich American history,
social and political, hos taken since the time of Andrew Jackson,
without studying the early life of the Scotch-Irish population
of the Alleghaney regions, the pioneers of the Americab back-
John Finley, Robert Finley and William, Finley, sons of
James and ElizU.Leth Finley of Cumberland County, Pa., who
moved to Virginia in 1736-1737, received a grant of 3143 rcres of
land out of the "-everly Yaner* tract, lying on South river in
Augusta County. (See Virginia Deed Books for 1736, 1737, 1741
rf Robert Finley little is known. He dou-ltes never
married. Fe served in Captain David Stua.rt's company of
Augusta Ccunty militia in 175?, and was dead prior to October
1765, as John Finley acknowledges receipt from 1,is father, James
Yinley, of certain notes and bond: "as his full part of his
- uncle, Robert Finley's estate." (Chalkley'b "Augusta County
Records", Vol. III, P. 437). Also on 20th of May, 1766, James
inley of Staunton Conveyed to-Sampson and George Matthews
certain land. described in a lease from James Brown to the A-id
Robert Finley, 16th Jan. 1754, for the term of 57 years; all .
which land wee conveyed to Robert 1inley, late of Augusta
Bounty, deceased, and descended to .ases linley as his brother
and heirmat-law.o (Ibid. Vol. fII, P. 448).
SWilliama linley received 500 acres of the "Beverly Manor
tract. He served in the Augusta County militia in Captain
Preston's company under Iajor Andrew Lewis, in the Sandy Cre ..
expedition, 1756-57, against the Shawnees on the Ohio niver,
also in the Trench and Indian Wars. He rrried Mary.Wallace,
daughter of Rev. Caleb Wallace. She died prior to 1781, and
he died in 1789. In his will, dated July 28, 1781, he le t his
old cutlas and gun to his son William. His descendants live in
SI. John Finley, Sr., second son of James and Elizabeth
"inley of Cumberland County, Pa., was born idr Ireland in L702.
He married in Pennsylvania in 1723, Thankful Doak, sister of
three brother, Robert, Samuel and David Doak, who had c ne
from the north of Ireland and settled in Chester County, Penn.
in 1720. John Yinley with his family moved to Augusta CoUnty,
Va. in 1737, and was the progenitor of the Finleys of Lincoln -
County, Ky. and Wilson County, Trnn.
On December 1, 1740, Governor Blair of Virginia,
patented to John Finley Sr., 183 acres of land in Augusta
County, and he took up his residence on the tract. In 1742
he is listed as a member of Capt. John Smith's company of Auigusta
County Militia. Although the act providing for Augusta Coupty
te.be carved out of Orange County was passed by the Virginia"
House of Delegates in 1738, the county was not organized until
' 1748.. The first Justice Court assembled at Staunton, the county
seat, on December 9, 1745, and John Finley, Sr., was aamemnber 'af
this court. On the 19th day of Nove~ber,1747 Wnm. thompson and
wife deeded to John linley, Sr., and others, W'ommissioners
and Trustees of the Presbyterian congregation of Tinkling Spring
110 acres called Tinkling spring in Be verly Maner It wa l
on this land that the noted Tinkling Spring church was built
and John linley, Sr., was active as an elder in the organization
for many years. In 1749 John Minley, Sr., conveyed the 183
acres of land patented to him by Gov. Blair, 'to Alexander Gardner,
and in the deed the land is described as being on *'inley's
Branch of Cathey's River", and took up 297 acres on South -iver
in "Beverly Manor" adjoining the lind of .W. Finley, presumably
his brother, to whom he sold the tract for 150 pounds on the
18thrcf March, 1765. (In the deed both John and Williram inley
are described as "gentlemenW!. This was part of the original
"tract of 892-acres on Shannondore surveyed for John Finley, Jr."
John Finley Sr., served in Captain rm. Preston's company of
Augusta County Militia, under Major Andrew Lewis, in the Sandy
Creek expedition against the Shawnees on the Ohio in.1756,
and in the French and Indian Wars in 1757; (Henning's *Statutes
of Virginia*, Vol. VII, P. 179). The time and place of his
death is not known. He was living on South River as late as
1771. The children of John and Thankful (Doak) inley were:
John Finley, Jr., born in Pennsylvania in 1724; died in
Augusta County, Va. in 1791, of whom later; tHbert linley, boft
1725; James Finley; born 1728; riargaret finley born 1730;
Samuel inley, bori 1732; Andrew Yinley, born 1736; Alexander.
Finley born 1738; Thankful finley born 1739; slizabeth kinley
born 1741 William Tinley born 17435..George iinley born about
IT. John Tinley, Jr., eldest son of John and Thankful
C(oak) l3inley, was born in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, in'
1724, andmoved with his father, John Jinley, Sr., to what was
later Augusta County, Virginia, in 1737. (He was the lineal'
ancestor of the Kentucky and Tennessee finleys).
vn the 13th of say, 1748, he bought of teorge robinson
for *100: ounds-current money Virginia, 892 acres, part of
Eeverly Manor, and granted by ieverly to ,eorge 21st reb. 1738,
on Shannandore -iver*. (Chalkley s Augusta Records, Vol, III,
p. 254). In 1755 he was a member of Capt. Thomas Armstrong's
i Company of Augusta rIilitia (Ibid. Vrol. II p.44Z), and in 1757
served with his father, John Finley, Sr., in the French and
Indion Wars. (Eenning's Statutes of Virginia, Vol. TII. PP 179-
200), under Captain Williar Preston; was county surveyor in
1758 and again 1769; appointed M1ay 18, 1768, one of the com-
missioners to build a meeting house; John Finley an.- John Fin-
ley, Jr., added to tithables Aug. 18, 1762. (Augusta Records
Vol. I, p. 99); September 1776, John Jinley,as commissary of the
Washington Co. Militia, gave a voucher to Hugh Barclay for corn
for Tm. Lyle's brigade on the Cherokkee Expecition (Preston Lndi
Va. papers, Draper, Col-. pub. by Wisconsin His. Soc. Vol. 'I,
p. 181). In March, 1768, John Brown and Margaret, his wife,Adeeded
to John Finley and others as trustee, the *stone-meeing-house
by a branch-of the Meadow River, a branch of Middle River of.
Shenandore*. The fee book of Augusta County locates John
Pinley, Jr., on middle River.in 1765; and again in 1774, and
John 1inley; Sr., on South River in 1T71 (Vol. II, P. 402,
40&). middle River is a small stream running through the
central portion of Washington County, Ta., which was cut out t.
Augusta County, midway between the north and soutl
Holston River. John Finley was married by the Ree
on April 22, 1741, to Mary thankful Caldwell, dauE
David and Mary Caldwell of Prince Edward County, I
of Mairtha Caldell, who married Patrick Calhoun al
mother of the grect statement, John C. Calhoun, of
The Caldwell family is a very ancient one.
to be descended from the Albigenses and Waldenses
i forks of
r. John Craig
nd became the
mcnt section of Italy, who were dr
Roman Catholic persecutions. Some
living at iount Arid, near Toulon,
of Francis I. of France, and after
under Charles T. of Germany, three
Alexander and Cliver, emigrated to
the consent cf Jtaes I. purchased
Douglas, located near Solney Frith
iven into France by the
of the Caldwells, who were
France, earned the enmity i
his escape from imprisonment
Caldwells, Brothers, John,.
Scotland, and thete with
the estate of a Bishop named
I t was provided that
*the said brothers, John, Alexander and Oliver, late of Mount
Arid, should on condition that when the kind should require,
they should each send a son with. twenty men. ofa sound limbs, to.
aid in the wars of the king. (Account of Elsie Chapline
Pheby Cross, in Journal of American History). Therels a cup,
S.,preserved as an heirloom, which represents a chieftain and
/twenty mounted men, all armed, and a man drawing water from a
%well, with the words underneath, gAlexander of Caldwellw. It
sAle shows a fire burning on a hill, over the words ount
idw, and also a vessel surrounded by high waves, which latter
W intended te commemorate the foot that their ancesetrs ware
in the Mediterranean, in the latter part of the kour-
Century. (Ibid) .
Oliver Cromwell's grandmother was Ann Caldwell, and
Joseph, Yohn, Alexander, Daniel, David and Andrewr, of Cauldwell,
went with Cromwell to Ireland and in various capa.clties served
his interest there, after his accession to the Protettorate..
Upon the restoration of Charle. II, a number of the family'
emigrated to America. There are traceable three distinct
immigrations of the Caldwells to America fr o. Ireland.
We are concerned chiefly with the first emigrant, John
Caldwell and his group, comprising his wife, five children and
three brothers-in-law, Eoore, Riche3 and Dudgeon, who landed
at New Castle, Delaware, Dec. 1C, 172.7, for he -vas-6ne of
the three pioneer settlers of the territory created into Lunen-
burg County, Va.; after landing and before emigrating to Virgini-
he located for a time in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.
STi.e circumstances under which he and his Presbyterian
.associates came to Virginia are given in the account of the earl;
Presbyterians in Chapter IX, Vol. on the Early C urdhes.
He was born in Ireland, (probably in County Derry) and there
married Margaret Phillips. Five of their children were born;
before they came to America. John Caldwell (b. in Ireland,
d. 1750-51, in Lunenburg County, Virginial, married in Ireland,
:Margaret Phillips (d. evidently before 1748, for the will of
XJohn Caldwell dated Nov. 26, 1748, makes no mention her).. His
will was probated in Lunenburg County, Va., Xpril 3, 1751.
("The Old Free State*, Lunenburg
County, Va., by Landon d.
Bell, LL..B., Vol. II, p. 182, Richmond, 1927). (Note in
passing, I may remark that John Caldwell's great-grandmother,
Rebecca Caldwell (1765-1848), was the ancestress of the wiTfe
of lr. A. F. France, of Annapolis, Rd., who has rendered invalu-
albe assistance in straightening out the Vinley genealogy.)
SJohn Finley, Jr., died in 1791; his will dated April 17th,
was proved in Augusta County, Va., Sept. 20, 1791. By his
wife, Mary Thankful Caldwell, he had eight children, five.
sons and three daughters, as follows;
S. John C. linley, eldest son of John and Mary
-(Caldwell. Finley., w-s born in Augusta County, Va. Jan. i1,
1742, and died in Gaston Co. N. C. where he moved in 1762.
His old home on the South Fork of the Catawba River was not-
far from the famous battlefied of King's Mountain. .He enlisted
on June 7, 1766, age 24, (N. C. Military Records) in Capt.
Adam Alexander's company of militia against the Cherokeese
served under Capt. Even Shelby in the battle of Point Pleasant,
Oct. 10, 1774, and with the Lincoln County men, under Lieut.
Edmondson in Capt. Evan Shelbyrs company, &t the battle of
King's Mouttain, Oct. 7, 1780; His old sword and flint gun -i
now in the possession of his great-great-grandson, Herbert -
Wallace inley. John C. Finley married inn, daughter, of David
Miller of iGaston County, N. C. They had eight children:
Their eldest daughter, 1iary Finley,.. married Joseph Sevier,
son of Col. John Sevier, one of the heroes of King's Mountain
and Governor of Tennessee 1803-1819. Their eldest sena
Williaa yFinley, married Jean Kennedy, and were the parents
of Eary Finley, wife of the pioneer soldier and politician, ;
David Crockett, one of the heroes of the Alama.
2. George Finley, second son of JIohn and Kary (Cald-
welli. Finley, of whon later*
3. Robert Osborn Finley,. third son of John and ih&ry
(Caldwelll Finley, was born in Augusta Co. Va, March 21. 1745,
and baptized by Rev. John Craig, April 21, 1745. He moved
in early life to Lincoln Co., N. C. where he enlisted June 7,
1766, at the age of 21 years, in the T. C. militia under
Captain Adam Alexander; was a Sergeant in Captain Pazuling's
company at the battle of Point Pleasant, Oct. 10, 1774
(rs. Piffenbargerts History of Pattle of Point Pleasant, -. FI
Lieutenant in Tashington Co., 7a. egiment in 17P0; took lp .
land near his brother John in Lincoln Co. T1. C. T.o record of
his marriage, tut in the census of 1785-90 he is l-sted in that
county with three sons over 16 years, two under 16 years and
4. .David Finley, fourth son of Iohn and Eary (Caldwell)
Finley was born in Augusta Co. Va., and was baptized Jan.. 20
1748, by Rev, John Thompson. He grew up on his father's farn
and &t h.s death inherited it. He served as Lieutenarntin
Captain Kirk"s company in the Revolution (Augusta Records,
Vol. I, p.232), and on April 5, 1781, was granted 1000 acres et
land on lDix River in Lincoln Co. 'KyT. presumably o account ef
his service in the war. (Virginia Grants B.l.p.2711. His old
homestead was known Ps MCamp Diek Robinsn' to rich he moved
about 1783. He signed a petition Kay l.st, 1783, as a citizen .:
of Lincoln County, to the General Asedialy f Virginia, to.
'' ," '
pass a law authorizing *some civil power to solemnize the rites
of matrimony". (RobertsonCs 'Petitions 1769 to 1792 p.681
Before he. removed to Fentucky he married Elizabeth ounts,
and by her had a large family of children. He subsequently
sold his farm in Kentucky and moved to Grange County, Ind.
Little is knowr..of his descendants. Ee died in 1843, aged 95
5. Thomas Finley, fifth son of John and Lary (Caldweill
Finley, was born in Augusta Co. Va., Feb. 26, 1749, and tap-
tised in April _,1749, by Rev. John Thompson. He
moved to ITorth Carolina at an early age and settled in KYcklen-
berg County. He was a private in a company of foot soldiers
cormnanded byiCapt. Adam Alexander at Clecr Creek; E.eklenberg
County, June 7, 1766. (M. C. State Records Vol, XII, p.396).s
Later in life he:.moved to South Carolina tnd settle on a planta-
ti&n in the Ninety-Six, or Abbeville District. Thomas Finley,
with one son 16 years nd one son under 16 years and wife .ra re-
ported in the Ninety-Six District, S. C. in the 1790 census of
the United States. He was granted several large tracts of land
according to the records of the Land Office at Columbia. Two If
his neices, Aifn and Catherine Finley., came to live with him on
the death of their father and his brother, George Jinley, 1809.
Ann married Major Robert Green of the Abbevile District, and had
one daughter, Sary Gaines Green, who married P. H. Earle. a
banker of Birmingham, Ala.
6. Jean Finley, first daughter of John and' KEry (Cald-
well) .inley, was born in Augusta Co. Va. Feb. 16, 1744, and'
baptised April 21, 1744, by Rev. John Craig, She married inj .
1764, John Trimble, son of William Trimble, of Washihgton Co;
Va. They had four sens, all of whom became distinguished citi-
"zens. Robert Trimnble was chief justice of the Supreme Court of
Kentucky in 1826, and John Trimble was a Prigadier General in
the Confederate Army.
'7. Margeret Finley, second daughter of John and .ary
(CaldwellY Finley, was born in Augusta Co. Va. Yarch 2nd, 1746,
and baptised by Rev. John Craig, Dec. 1746. Sie married
June 26, 1768, John Shiedids, who died 1802, scn of JAmes
Shields, ,wh had emigrated to Americ. in 1737, and settled in
R? Rocingham Co. Va. John Shields moved to Nelson Co. Va.
8. Thankful Finley, third oaa.ghter of John anc .'.ry ..
(Caldwell~ Finley, was born May 3, 1751, and married -
McKarter. She was living as a widow with her father at the time
of his death in 1791. No further record.
I come back now to George Flnley, second son of John and
Srary (Caldwell) Finley, hte lineal ancestor of the Kentucky
and Tennesssee Finleya.
III. George Finley waasborn in Augusta County, T; a.d
was baptised by Rev. J.ohn Craig, J n. 30, 1743. e died in
Vayne Co. Ky. in 1809. The first mention we find of him in thie
records of Augusta County is on the 17th of Iov. 1767, when'his
father, John Finley, Jr. and Thankful, his wife, for 5 shillings,
conveyed to him 0176 acres of land, part of the tract John
now lives on). He at that time had married for his first wife,
Dec. 18, 1761, Ann, daughter of eIsac Jewland, who died in
1782, at the age of 36 years, and lies buried in the Sinking
Spring church graveyard in Washington Co., Va. In 1774, in the
battle of Point Pleasant on the 10th of October, George linley
served as a private under that great warrior Captain (afterwards
Major General) Andrew Lewis, when he defeated the Shawnee Chief
Cornstalk in that most notable contest between the Whites and
the Indians. (Mrs. Poffenbargeres *History of Battle of Point
Pleasant*, p.8P; see also Summer's Southwest Virginia*, p.156).
He was conmissry to, the Washington Ocunty TAilitia in 1777.
.(Va. Mag. of His. Vol. VITI, p. 196'. In 1778 he -.ne commissioned
by the Governor, Lieutenant of T'ilitia, and served in that
capacity against the British in the decisit battle of Tin'rs
mountain Cct.,7 170C. Suinmners' "Scuthwest Virginia"' p.3C2,
859). Served in Captain las. Davie'Company from catol:er 25th
to Tcvember 25th, 1782, under George Rogers Clark, i n anexpe-
dition against the .Sawnees ("Tllin is Paperslt in Va. State
Library). In 1783 he w s a dele te to the Asermbly- that met to
memorialize the Congress of the United States to erect a new '*
state (Franklin) cut of the country west of the Alleghany aAd
south of the Cumberland Mountains. (Summers' "Southwest Virgiuia*
p 394); .Elder in the Sinking Spring Church in 1782; Surveyqr
of Washington Co. 1784; moved to Kentucky in 1785, and settled. \
first in Bourbon County that he was partly instrumental in
having cut out of Fayette in 1786. C(ilson Club. Pub. No. 27,
p.85). On June 29, 1786, George #iiley nmrried in Lincoln Co.
Ky.,'for his second wife, Yary. (Pbllyl Gaines, daughter of
81-* C ~1~
Williams and Sarah (Strother) Gaines, who had moved in 1783 from
Albemarle Go. Va., and settled in Linceln o. Kentucky. On
the 10th March, 1786, depositions were taken at the house of
Captain Thomas Price on Clinch River, where George kinley
testified in : half of Col. Arthur Campbell charged pv.ith
inciting rebellion against the Governor and Council of Virginia
for collecting unnecessary taxes. (Summers' "Southwest Vir-
ginia, page 394). Jan. 13, 1786, he was granted 250 acres of
land in Nelson County, and Dec. 16, 1786, 323 acres on Glen's
Creek in W odford County, yy. (Jillson's "Kentucky Land
Grants"). This latter tract adjoined a tract of 1400 acres
belonging to Cyrus McCrackin, and of which George inley was
to receive 4C0 acres for food and sup-lies he furnished
YcCracken from his farm near Holston, Va., as he passed there .d
his way to Kentucky in November 1779. EcCracken failed to
stand by his written agreement aid died in 1795, leaving all
his land to his wife and children. A suit followed, but
Finley finally lost the case in the Supreme Court in 1805,
because he did not bring action during I6Cracken's lifetimes
The next mention. of George 1inley in the court records of
Kentucky is in October 1797, when he bought of Jesse Helton a
tract of 100 acres on Dick's River in Lincoln County, "the
place that said Helton now lives on* adjoining Col. McKee'se
and had the deed to the place executed to his wife, Mary
4 .*Oe 'S
Finley. He subsequently must have mneed to Wayne Co., where
he died in, 1809, for in deed book No. 7, p. 229 of that county,
appears the following: 0George Finley of Wayne Co., Ky., Miarch 4,
1809, deeds to Wi. Gaines of Mercer 0o. for 5 shillings and for
love and affection I have for my wife, Mary Linley, I transfer
and make over to said Wvf. Gaines in trust for use of said Mary
finley and her heirs the following property,- stock, furniture,
etc. Wts. Samuel C. Pulliam, ,m. rmcDowell, Oct. 3, 1809*.
The children by the first marriage of George Finley with
Ann Newland in Augusta Co. Va., were as fellows:
1. Issac Minley, eldest son born in Augusta Co. Va.,
Sept. 22nd, 1762; married Sarah moved to Jefferson Co.
Ky., where he died.
2. John linley, second son, born in Agusta Co. va.Apri
14th, 1764, married Mary school teacher, enidied in
Cannon County, Tenn. in 1846.
3. George Finley, Jr., third.son, born in Augusta Co. Va
May 13, 1765. He first went to Kentucky, thence to Tennessee,
and finally set-led permanently in Orange Co. Ind., where he die
4. Ann Pinley., only daughter by the first marriage,' born
in Augusta County, Va. in 1769 Died young- unmarried.
The children by the second marriage of George 'inley (with
Mary Gaines) in Lincoln Co. Ky. were as follows:-
1. Obadiah Gaines Winley, only son, bern in Aourben o.
Kentucky May 24, 1787 of whom later.
2. Sarah Finley, first daughter, born in Lincoln so. K,
Jan. 12, 1799; married in Danville, Ky. dt. 5, 1819, 5amuel.
Pennebaker, born Nay 20, 1796, and die at Lebanon, Tenn. Oct. 250
1835, by whom she had five children. e,. married for her secei
,cSr 6 JP7
husebnd, John Wiseman, a baptist minister, but hbd no issue by I
3. Ann Finley, second daughter, born i- Lincoln, Co. "Ky
May 24, 1801; married Jan. 15, 1829, a-jor Robert Green, of-
Abbeville, S. C., and died there Aug. 13, 1857, leaving a fail:
of seven children.
4. Kittie Bruce Pinley, third daughter, born in Lincoln
Co. Ky. May 24, 1803; married first July 19, 1821, William
Brewster, born Oct. 20, 1793; and died Oct. 13, 1854, by whom s]
had ten children: She married secondly major -obert H. Green,
of Abbeville, S. C. husband of her deceased.sister, Ann Finley
Green. Noeissue by this marriage.
5. Mary 'inley, fourth daughter, born 1804; no record.
6. Lucinda Ponley, fifth daughter, born 1866; no record.
I come back now to Chadiah Gaires Finley, only son of
George Finley by his second marriage with Mary (Polly) Gaines,
daughter of Williem and Sarah (Strother) Gaines, of Lincoln Co. Ky.
IV. Col. CObdiah Gaines 'inley was born in Bourbon County,
Ky., ay 24, 1a87. He mov d vith his father to Lincolr CountyrKy"
in 1797, wheie he continued to reside until 1809, when, on'the
death of his father, George rinley, he sold his property in i
Lincoln County and moved to Lebanon, Wilson Go. Tenn. There he
first engaged in the manufacture of leather, later (1830) moving
to a large farm two miles from Lebanon, on the Trousdale Ferry
Pike that he had purchased many years before. *He was a man af:
strong character, reared in Kentucky, when it wae a frontier sat ea
He received a limited early education, but owing to his fondness.
for books and thirst for knowledge he became a finely educated ian,
and was pronounced by the Rev. Dr. Lindsley, president of the
Nashville University, one of the best read historians in the-
fGoodsoeed's History of Tennessee, p. 191). Col. Finley was a
member of the Tennessee State Sei
was at Knoxville. He served in
Andrew Jckson (Ibid) and helped
at Tehopeka or Horsehoe Fen, Ala
destroyed the Indian power in th
according to the Enc. AJer. vol.
Orleans. He was married three t:
iary Lewis Johnson (born Aug. 20
dauLghter of Jesse Johnson of ITor
(N. C. Army Rev. Accts. vol. II,
2ndly, in 1831, he married Sarah
1812-1813, when the capitoI%.,
reek 'Tar under General
overTrheln the Creek Indians
., 27th Mr.
at regicn and
XV. p. 575,
imes: 1st on
, 17 1; died
John so i
wife (born 1788) died Aug. 20, 1757 (No
ory at New
of his firi
18E1, he married Bettie Wasson of Tennessee (No issue) Colopel,'
irnley died Mar. 27, 1870. Children by the first marriage we r
1. General Jesse Johnson 'inley, eldest son of Col. --
Obadiah Gaines and Mary Lewis (Johnson) Finley, was born at
Lebanon, Tem n. Nov. 17, 1812, and received an academic educ .! l
He was a Captain of Mounted volunteers in the Seminole Wars i. :,:
1836; studied law and ad:.itted to the bar in 1838; located in-.
Arkansas in 1840, and was elected to the State Senate in 184.L:o:,
He removed to Memphis, Tenn. in 1842, and began practicing 1~V#^
elected Mayor of Memphis in 1845, but a year later moved to ..
Florida and was there elected to the State Senate in 1850, gUiS
appointed candidate for Presidential elector on the Whig tickbi,
in 1852. He became Judge of the Western Judicial Uircuit oZf.: di
N - -x- - - %01
vz te in
,and was elected to the same tw;o :erm-3 thereafter
opposition. In 1861 he wvs elected Judge of the Confede-
tes Cout, but resigned in 1862, and enlisted as a pri-
the Confederate Army, and rose to the rank of Captain,
!-nd Brig:adier-General of the 6th Ploridct Regiment. In
Le located in Jacksonville, Flh., a::d in 1374 .Tat elected
United States Congre :s," nd -e-elected in 1875, but de-
to be c ca ndi'ate in 1878. Hle vT '- :in elected in l O
p.. 1~-1~r oppointe- by the Governor as United 3Sa.=q Senator,
to fil' o-t -n unexpired term. Tie emphtically declined to suc-
cee d hi:elf or io0;7 hi3 n -e to be used, eer.i. n hil .1f
bound by ties cf friendshi. and loa-e r" feeling himself mor'lly
obli-gated to Gov. Perry, .7hoanz 0 Ie:retc .:;ish s3 t: 5e elected
t:S tie u. S. Sen:.te. Perry was not the ch-oice of the caucus,
and a-fter his cause seemed to be hopeless one, delegation
: s. sent ito Gen. Finley. pleading -Sith l.iri to let his n; me to be
used that he >2?.s the choice of the Senmte but Gen. Finley,
ever true to his hih- standar:i of principle a.d honor, still re-=
fused. An outside -as elected. Hee ,w-as later appointed Judge'
of the superior Court (or Circui-t Court it v s then called) fo'
the District of Florida. After retiring Jirom thp Judicial
bench at 84 years old, he moved to Lake City, Florida, and for
six ye-r,3 before his death mide his home with his son Charles-
A. M. Finley. He 4ied in Lake City, Pla. Nov. 12, 1904.
whom he had two
sons- Lucius, a lieutenant in the
Yer er Finley, wpunded in battle,
Army, and Samuel
from active servibo
2ndil married Eliza H. Lamb, by whom he h'd one son Gaston Fin-
ley, a soldier in the Confederate Army., and one daughter, Sidney,
who died in infancy; 3rdly married Margaret Harris Martin, of
nolly Sprin-gs, Ess., by whom he had -Charles alexanderr and Mar-
arbet srinley, both of whom are still living, the letter -the widow
of illim vllc-ce 'uynner, vl:orn she married in Europe and who
died in 1924, without issue. Charles Alexander Finley v-.o born
in rianna, Fi. April 21, l4; M rgaret F-inley as b':r~n ov. 2D
1362, married 1,t, Gec. Gleason ..rif.'it:, ho died in 1l87; second-
ly, ,villim ~_ ---ll-ce ?'.ynner, died 1924. S::e is nor: ivi: in
nil-inton,- iTor,th C r.lina.
Charles le--rnder Finley mz--'ried Ar-bell'- Kcncrcief in
etc. ''heir children.
2. 2fapoleon B. Finley, : cod son of Col bObc.dih Gaines
n: .-E .ry Le,:is (Johnson) Finley:, .::3 b rn Dec. 5, 1 and died
"e e:n onl- 12 years :of -;e
3. Dr. lilli.mr M. Finley, third son of Col. Obadii.h
.*'.jenes ..nd eMry Levis (Johins n) Finley s was b.rn .t Lebanon, Tenn.
uct. 11, 1816, an-. received an ac.demie education; volunteered in
.1836 as a private and served in trhe Seminole YTar; returned home.-
in 1337, and entered Cincinnati Colle;e of Medicine, but in 1858F
removed to Tr.nsylvani? University :rt Lexington, Kentucky, from-
whic: institution he was graduated in 1839 with the decree of M.Dl
te loc-.ted in Arkans.s in 1840 and in.2.842 was elected to -he
6tate Legil3ature; in 1843 he removed to Clarksville, Tenn.-, where
he practiced his profession for thirty years. In 1871, owing to -
impaired hearing, he gave up his profession, and purchased and
located on1 the old Finley homestead, called "Grassland", near Leba-
non -renn. ie died Dec. 26, 1890. He ma--ried Se--t. 20, 1369,
ar s. Virginria (Conrad) Boyd, (born at S rin fiTld, Tenn. Tov 4,
1824; .ied June 29, 1901), ;,ido-v of George Boyd, ? noted Tennessee
U1 'yer, and druthter of Nicholas s.nd Mrry (Coon) Conrad, of
prir -:fie e), Ten. (by who she "ad one d:aiu.hter, E. ry 3oyd, :ife
of 20oll': TohnsQon ani Mother of 3oyd Johnson, pf Cl-rksville, n'en.)
'"e'r ch-ldren Pe e:
), Vi -:c;nih Lee i _le,- b31r..: in Crksville, Ten., Oct.
207, 1862,t aaried Dec. 21, l11a2, Clifton roocl 3ra2sford, c.r' in
-en-3br., :y., n. 24, 1385, 3sc of :3en. cnin annc rr ny le.nor
(At-) 3rn-ford..., of 0 ensboro, -.
1. iMry 3oyd 3r nsf-or c_, born in O':'ens .ro, sy.
Liov. '3, 1383, am.rried April 14, 1910, Sher: od' >HuTo,'rd Ztandish,
of :e-;roit, lic.., b:-rn June 25. 1583. The: ha.e. thr-e children:
virZgnia Caroline, born at R-.ci--, /is., A.g. 19, 1911;
ag,--ret -ichai-cs, born .t MilJ-.ukee ,/is M r. 31, 1917; Sherwood
nubbzrni Sitndish, Jr., born t St. Louis, Mo. April 12, 1921.
2. Virginia Lee 3ransford, born in 0"-:ensboro, Ky.
june 30, 1338., and died. Nov. 26, 1920; married June 15, 1911,
-..om.s K1arr riivens, born at Providence Ky. Their children --ere.
ulifton .ra-nsford GiVens, born June 27, 1912, died Aug. 30, 191k;
.homas Karr "ivens, Jr., born Nov. 14,"1913, died Dec. 25, 1914;
rcry Finley "ivens, born Nov. 12, 1920.
3. Benjamin Amonet Bransford, born in Owensboro-
Ky., Feb. 7, 1896, died March 6, 1907.
(3) 4. Jessie Conrad Pinley., born intClsrksville,
.Lenn. Mr.rch 18, 1865; married May 8, 1861, Samuel M. Anderson,
born 1859, .t Lebanon, Tenn.
1. l.rginic. Lee Anderson, born at Lebanon, Tenn.
june 23, 1662; married 3ept. 3, r9102, G. G. Bryson. No issue Mar-.
ried 3 scondly ijn 118, 1TilTlia. H. acadox of YTew York City; They
.-ha.-:e one ciil; Jeanne -de ..re ie M bdox, born Jan. 20, 1920.
2. M th. .Motley Anders;.-n, born June 23, l`o4,- m~r
ried at Fine Dluff, jArk., Feb. 21, 1904i, 0-car Gordon Johnston,
of Pri-r's- Point :iss.
3. --nley T. Ane: on, bor.- June 5, 13C-, at Le'a:on
,enn. m.rr ieId .ept. 21, 1920, E1sie Booth. They hwve one child,
oanuel motley Anderson, born Oct. 27, 1921.
4. Mary liz-n 'inley,. first id u rhter and fourth child
of Col. ubd'diah Grines nd M ary Le-!is (Johnson) Finley, -;-s born
.iept. 15, 1lj, and died Dec. 1821.
5. ut. John B. *inle--, fourth son of Col. Obadil:h Gaines
and iary .Lewis '(Johnson) 'inley,--r-,s born June 13, 1820, at Leb;-
non, rerin. ie received a practical deduction, '-nd e3,rly evinced
a fondness for milit ry tpcti.cs. ne is said to h:-ve posesesed
d splendid physique ;:nd -t ; the comnencpemer.t of the Wviil w.r Tas
md.e captain of .n Arkansas Company in the Confederate Army. He
haa previously taken the degree of Doctor of Medicine, and ranked
high in the community where he practiced. Owing to-disease he was
compelled to resign his command in the army, and die. at 'Searcy,
Ark. lMr. 16, 1868. He married Nov. 2, 1845, Elizabeth Lamb,'of
Raleigh, N. C., who died in Sept. 6, 1901. Their children were
nC + B""
Miry Uaines, born Sept. 2, 1846; married Sept. 2, 1569, Jacob
zrolich, and died Aug. 2, 1919; "idney Lamb, born Dec. 5, 1848,
married .ec. 13, 1871, George B. Faxon, and died June 13, 1914; Louise
Estelle, born NTov. 30, 1851, married *Tov. 6, 1893, Teal Youn
Bailey, living at MKephis, Tenn.; Serah dilliFms, born June 29,
1854, married June 28, 1,388, Benjamin Archer 'ills, :.nd died Jan.28
1919; Spence Poster Green, born Oct. 31, 1859, died SeOt. 1, 1%76,
6. Foster .ne: Finley, r:'ifth son of Col. Oj-diah .2-.ines
_nd Try Leris (:ohnson) Finley, w rs brn E:rch 22, 1o.2. -Ie ;-as
edc'-ciedi t Uamnpbell's Ac demy Leb non, -enn. He .oved to ArI: n3s-"s
in 1635, 'aut soon r-turned to '.il.3on CCunty,'enn. and t. k. up
arriin, to n:iich he devoted the re- of hit life. 'rried fir ;-
in 1-:2, Mary uckner, wbh died the same year,. He nr.rried. secondly
in June 1845, Almira 'Ta-:,r, bor Oct. 10, 1826, and aied iay 14,
1893, d:u;lhter of Isaac and ii.r -re- T.ylor: T eir chilien ere:
Is:-c rylor, o rn June 20, 1847, married Tov. 9, lool; Ma-gie
0-e. rn, of S3t. --u:-ustine, Fl1. ; ]MKry Lou, born Dec. 1, 1852, married
Joseph U.. Peyton, orn April 15, 1854, died Oct. 15, o87. (lrs.
.Peyton is living (1928) in Lebanon, Tenn., and to her indefatigable
efforts iflarc ely dre this genealogy of the Finley f.-mily). Marg.ret
.::ylor born June 15, 1356, died 1928, married -LMrch 27, 1879, August
-. Lampton, of Louisville, Ky,, died A,.ril 29, 18825; William M.-
born Nov. 10, 1857, married in 1686, Nannie J, Carns; Charles D.,
born nov. 11, 1880,drowned in Florida, Nov. 28, 1886; Obadiah
Gaines, born Oct.
ton; they live in
1, 1866, married June
18, 1894, Margaret L. Hes-
S7. Sar h 'nn Finley, second daughter and seventh child
of' ol Obadiah Gaines and MWry Lewis (Johnson) Yinle-:, was born-Nov.
15, 1323 (1623) married Nov. 4, 1845i Elisha Williams, born Aug.
20, 1624, and died May 21, 1699. She died July 5, 1668. Their
children were: Finley, born Feb. 25, died Feb. 27, 1346; 3ettie
77est, born Dec. 5, 1848, married Feb. 28, 1866, '. E. McCullock,
of olerksvil'le, tern. and -ied Aug. 25, 1920; Marg-aret Phillips,
born '.ov. 15, 1850, married 3e-t. 17, 1884 Dr. A. S. Cook,.
of ,onticello, Ty.., a nd died r rch 13, 36;l 01rar. Lewis, born
Jept. 3rd, 1852, n ver m-rried, living (1928) :t -Henderson, _..y.;
in, born Aug. 2, 1355, married June 6, 1894, Kate T7al.'r, who
die' Oct. 3, 1915; maried seccndly, Oct. .16, 1922, Lillian
Elam, of Henderso Xy. Mary, Finley, born Oct. 23 r359, married
Yov. 17, 1386, 7i liPn S. VTollowey; Sar.h Ii.!y brr-. Au2. 1WC,
1354, carried arch 17, 1391, E-rtin ". 'Ider, of Clarksville, Tenri.
3. Mary "liz: Fiiley, third d :-ughcer ,.nd eighth child
o: Col. Obr-di.h Gaines and Mrry Lewis (Johnson) i-.ey7, nwas born
*,t Leb non, '_'enn., Dec. 4, 1826, married April 1d47 James Horn'
willirs, and died Nov. 1850. Their children were: "illiam
-Winley, born 1348, married 1875, Christine Keiser, and died 1904;.
Sallie E. bron 1349, married IT. G. C.rtwright; .Alice Eartin, born-
1351, married 1876, Prank Moseley, -.nd died 1o96; Mlry Kate, .
bor; 1853, married 1871, Benjamin H. Bacchus, and died 1897.
The above genealogy wwa. compiled by the undersigned.
(S) Clifton W. Bransford, of Owensboro, Ky
19 \8 -
Aug. 25, 1928 1 ...