FEDERAL WRITERS' PROJECT
209 )range Ave.
Daytona Beach, Florida
. W. Trainor
April 17,'1936 -
A. Wp T
CARICA PAPAYA (PAPAYA FARM)
The most northern papaya farm in the U. S.
miles southeast of Broadway on Peninsula Drive. There are.*
"2,000 trees in this grove, situated in a hollow/ midway\be-
Stween ocean and river, surrounded by Sabal m~acarpa scrub
palmetto, which serves as a wind break. The trees are ap-
proximately 20 ft. in height, bear melon-like fruit weigh-
ing from 2 to 10 lbs., picked from Nov. to June. The
local grove was started in 1933. Although producing ap-
proximately 20,000 melons, annually, the crop is barely
sufficient to supply the local-deimand.
The Carica papaya is believed to be a
native of tropical America. Golden melons that grow on
trees, the popular Carica paaya of the tropics, univer-
sally used in those regions as a breakfast firit, a base
for salads, cocktails and desserts, and s a remedy for
dyspepsia and other ailments. The Carica papaya differs
from most fruits in its flowering habits. Some trees pro-
duce only female flowers which, when pollenized, develop
into melons. otherss have only male flowers which occasion-
ally bear fruit that generally is inferior in quality. A
third type is bi-sexual, having both male and female
eatureRA (Daytona Beach)
Saytona Beach, Fla.
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flowers, the most desirable but most difficult type of tree
SThe Carica papay- heart is considered a
,great delicacy in Brazil. This is the7interior of the trunk
Which is taken out when the tree is cut down after its three
,years of service. The bark is used in the manufacture of
-ropes. The roots are used in the preparation of a nerve,
-tonic and tea is brewed for that purpose by South American
.natives. The seeds are very good for the digestion and are
-,also used to quench thirst. The ripened fruit is used an an
ingredient in certain syrups and elixers, especially bene-
Sficial for .its tonic and sedative qualities.
HOLLY HILL JUNGLE GARDENS
Twelve acres of great white lilium candidum
, (Easter lillies) wafting perfume to the breeze from hundreds i
. of thousands of enowy.blossoms, one of the treats for
,visitors near iaytona Beach, lasting from late March until
June. Flanking the lilium candidum are tall sabal almetto
.cabbage palmettos0 and evergreens from which the grey den-
droporon usneoides a Spanish moss) drapes nearly to the ground.-
-."Colorful bougainvillea glabra and tropical flowers border
the fields of. liium. The lilium has been accepted univer-
' sally as a symbol of purity. In some countries it is rolled
Sthe Anannciation lilium. Others name it the Lent lilium,
:and still others know it as the Madonna lilium, for many
,. years the chief source of supply for Easter comingiprom Ber-
rnmuda, until forida entered the field of production. Until
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ature: FLORA (Daytona Becoh)
aytona Beach, Fla.
SO years ago, all lili4m candidum in the U. S. were produced
under glass and cold frames, chiefly along the-North Pacific
coast. Now,._r. and Mrs. Charles Nutting, owners and super-
Visors of the Gardens, raise lilii with the longest stems
nd largest blossoms, growing them in the open air. They /
,have been operating 8 years.
Nearly all bulbs are believed to have ori-
ginated in various sectors of Africa. They were transported
.to China, Japan, Portugal and the Netherlands. In the U. S.,
IFlorida produces a greater amount of bulb flowers than Cali-
i|fornia and Washington (the 'two competing states) combined,
,|as they do nothave to be cultivated under glass in the sub-
tropica. Flowers are shipped to every corner; of our country,*
Sand Canada, as well as foreign ports.
SSeveral years ago Jungle Garden6 extended
i experimental department to include the cultivation and
development of the remarkable new type of huge heavy-
Stextured oak-leaf euhorbia pulcherrima poinsettia,) which
They brought from, California." Today, they have over a thou-
SJungle Gardens are located approximately
3, miles from Daytona Beach. Follow the Dixie Highway from
.Daytona Beach to Holly Hill, turn west on llth St., continu-
ing west crossing the canal to the rustic entrance of Jungle
feature: FLORA (Daytona Beach) "
Paytona Beach, Fla.
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SORMOND TROPICAL GAI DE NS
.Tropical Gardens, a unique, luxuriant garden,
^-has been carved out of the tangled mess of ab palms and
imoss-draped Querous oaks. What a sight tourists view when
they come upon 40 acres of tropical landscape gardening with
~1skelets built to reflect trees that have existed more. than
In the nave of a-cathedral of trees, one
w may gaze at a profusion Mnd endless variety of indigenous
and exotic lilii, shrubs, trees, ferns, grasses, flowering
plants, and cacti. Separating each beautiful spot are rustic
Bridges and stepping stones crossing the waterways, pools
Sand lakelets. These are flanked by tiny waterfalls and
- surrounded with tropical vegetation brought from all parts
i of the world. Cypyrus papyrus (Egyptian bulrush) and agapan-
thus africanus African lily grows in the banks just as on
.-the Nile. Lily pools, copies of which may be built on es-
" states, with Musa sa ientum banana trees) and cortaderia ar-
.. 'a n a
v gentea pampus grass on one side,palms on the other, and a
Il rustic bridge, are there to view. A swimming pool, con-
structed with native Coquina, the rock which geologically
was the bed of the Atlantic and today underlies the soil of
the Gardens.. The pool is supplied with pure, soft water
from an artesian well. This well also furnishes the water
that is guided in a circuituous flow to all the smaller
pools. A little distant is a coquina rock garden, 'exhibiting
4 vegetation from Australia.
feature: FLORA (Daytona Beach)
paytona Beach, Fla. .
%he Lily'Pools Water Lillies of all sizes
and..olors, about 50 varieties, thrive here. Some bloom
only at night, coming to light in the brilliance of the
Tropical moonlight. Some open'only under the touch of the
sun. Gigantic lotuslillies bloom, a leaf of which, fully
grown, floatingon. the water, will support a child. Some
K.blooms are 15 inches in diameter. .The bulbs are shipped to
.enthusiasts in Europe as well as the U. .
Adjacent to the lillies are the smallest
perfect plants known in the botanical world: Duckweel
Sportulaca oleracea, which, with all its leaves, bloom and
root system, is the size of an infant's finger nail. T*opi-
a cal Gardens exhibit .uriosities of botany from every tropical
Nation. Japan is represented by the Japanese Imperial Taro,
Sthe native food plant; Manilla by agave sisalana-Sesal
.he )from which Manilla rope is made; South Africa by the
ZanzibaroLily; Aus-tralis by the giant tree fern; China
V by the dendrocalamus latiflorus giant bambo 100 ft. high
.. = <=.- y = ,
and still growing;, used by Chinese to build houses and irri-
STropical Gardens shows how to plant as an
artistic decoration the tetrapanax panyriferumxn hinese rice
paper plant) from which oigaret paper is made; _ymboooon
citratus lemon grassqwhich furnishes oil of citronella;
russelia equisetiformisGlRusselia. the exotic cigar plant
whose red blossoms pop like a fire cracker when pressed be-
tween the fingers; Sultana, the explosive pod, bursting
feature: FLORA (Daytona Beach)
)aytona Beach, .Fla,
and scattering its seed when touched; Centipede Grass, which
a.s especially adapted to Florida, withstanding heat and drought,
and rTsistant to pests; and Cyperus panyrus, upon whode three-
(oornered stem the ancient Egyptians wrote their manuscripts.
SIn addition to the specialized lily project, are
a0actus Garden and a large formal garden, where the rose is
undergoing experimentation to hybridize and adapt it to Florida
'climatic conditions. Here is "a little bit of Old England", as
rsome roses bloom 11 months of the year..
STropical Gardens is 6 miles north of Daytona
.Beach. To see it, follow the scenic Dixie HJghway (U. S. 'l1)
';from Ormond or Daytona BeAch, turning west on Division St., a
-half mile south of the center of Ormond. Continue west for
one block past the railroad tracks. The Gardens are owned
and supervised by Henry J. Stockmans.
Eight miles -west of the heart of the city
Sof Daytona Beach is the head waters of this picturesque
Stream, rivalling the beauty of the famed Suiwannee. The
br-anks are lined with moss-draped oaks and a growth of dense
Shammiock vegetation. A deep winding coffee-colored stream,
. it flows from the backlands into the north Halifax River,
Sat Sunset Park, 11 miles north of Daytona Beach on Dixie Hw"
It takes its name from the tribe of Indians which inhabited
the region in early days. From its mouth, the river runs in
-long lazy curves, a wooded bank rising gradually to a bluff
Xof shell rock coquina; "on the east and on the west wild
}(grassy marshes. Along the banks are seen Sabal palmetto
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Feature: FLORA ,(Daytona Beach)
.Daytona Beach,. Fla.
cabbage palmetto palms and Quercus virginian ive oaks
overhanging the water, the tangle of vegetation on both
'banks growing most luxuriantly. The variety of color in
This Flpridbn vegetation ia unusual.
A favor/scenic drive, covering 37 miles '
Sof the vicinity north of Daytona Beach, is known as "The
SLoop'!. The entire route follows hard-surfaced roads. The
southern section of the drive follows the Halifax River on
Both sides where may be seen tall Sabal palmettos, Quercus
Soak trees, covered with Dendropogon usneoides Spanish moss>
.Phoenix sylvestris< ate palms at tropical and semi-
tropical vegetation. In the spring of the year may be
seen wide areas of blooming orange trees. Along the edge
of the Tomoka river is found Rupia maritima ea grass,
SAN ANTONIO DE ANACAPE MISSION, also known as
Anacape or Tissimi Mission is located on
SU. S. Highway No. 1, Fla. Highway No. 4, miles north of
STomoka River bridge at Sunset Park. Built by Franciscan
Friars in 1655 as one of a chain of 44 missions extending
From Georgia to New Smyrna, with quarters in St. Augustine.
This Mission was destroyed during the English invasion'in
S1706. It was later rebuilt and used as a sugar mill under
-. English occupation. The northern wall is 'still standing
in fair state of preservation. At one end of the wall are
-u the remains of a watch tower and dry cistern. In what
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feature: FLORA (Daytona Beach)
Daytona Beach, Fla.
Throughout the park are tall Sabal palmettos
cabbage palmetto palms, beds of roses -and petunias, calendula
Ioffclinalis and other garden favorites. Groups of Thuja occi-
entalis Ilex opaca.olly codiaeum varietatum
crotons ,colocasia escuilentum elephantt ear Lilium superbum
Turk S capS ITeohrolepis biserrata.word ferny are also added
attractions. Lily ponds surrounded with Ovyyrus papyrus
gyptian bulrush and other exotic plants captivate the eye.'
Two markers, both dedicated to George Washing-
ton in 1932: .by the Penwomens. Club,and .the Masonic Bodies
when they planted the Washin-ctonia fifierawashintoniaP alms.
.These palms, interspersed with Phoenix sylvestriaIndia date
-.palms are planted in 4 parallel rows, 2 on the east and 2 on
Sthe west side, the length of the northern half of the park.
STT. TU ERT ED SABAL PALMETTO
S(Cabboage Palmetto Palm)
SAththe northwest corner of-Volusia and Ridge-
,-wood Aves., is a freak three-trunked Sabal Palmetto cabbage -
' palmetto palm, resembling an inverted pitchfork; branching off
iat the top are 3 normal tree-like growths, each having a bud
OWENS FLO`MR FARMI
Lathyrus ornatus sweet peas, Pentstemon an-
tirrhino ides snapdragons, Calendula officinalis .calendulas,
and other old garden favorites such as Matthiola stock, Del-
phiniums, Viola odorate semperflorens violets, and petunia
hybrida are on display through the winter months at the
4sen Oen oer Farm
scenic Owens Flower Farm.
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nature: FLORA (Daytona Beach)
&ytona Beach, Fla.
One mile west of Ridgewood Ave., on the De-
and road (U. S. 92). is a 10-acre mass of flowers. Flanking
nem are tall Sabal palmettos cabbage palmettos and Quercus
ririniana ive oaks from which the soft gray DendroVogon,
sneoides panish mos drapes nearly to the ground. A flourish-
Ing Citrus sinensis orange grove and tropical jungle border
ithe flower gardens. Dahlia variabilisdahlias bloom continu-
uusly from march until December. PyrethUumu
large Thanksgiving flowers, cutting thousands of blossoms
weekly for sales in Nov. and Dec., is one of their outstanding
activitiess. These rank fourth in importance in the U3. S. as a
Vcommeroial flower. Polianthes tuberosatuberose are extremely
fragrant, especially'at night.
SMr. and Ars. Owen have built orotectionettes
,c(oloth houses) that protect tender plants and ferns from in-
sects, wind, rain heat, and cold. The farm has been in
Operation for 7 -years. Two artesian wells, maintaining con-
-Atinuous flow, supply the lily pools with pure,water and keep
itheii at the desired level and uniform temperature. Many
c- brightly colored varieties of tropical fish live lBre.
SThe banks of the pools are covered with
Aroides aethipiopum lla lillies olocasia esoulentum
elephant ears Pa.rus the short unmbrella palms, Cyerus
Saltermifolius, and many other moisture-loving plants.
H earbyael heberta
SNearby are gladioli beds, herbertia
.oaarulea, coleus bluemei coleus, Tithonia divers iolia
MI' kexican sunflower, as well as viola tricolor pansies, and
elpinium. One particularly interesting vine is a snow-
S' '. ,
Feature: FLORA (Daytona Beach)
)aytona Beach, Fla.
h white thunberaia grandiflora that bears'quantities of large
-`blossomns in Nov. This variety is not common to this vicinity
: where orange and blue varieties are ore often seen. Here,
Itoo, &re found Ounyrus Papyrus Egyptin bulrush, codiaeum
-variegatum, croutons, Texas roses, cacti, the "spring" of the
-4desert, whose tru home is America, aloe, Iasturtiums tropaeolum,
salvia, biononiai cruciaera, calyha hisida! euphorbia pul-
; cherriia poinsettias, and numerous other varieties growing
Side by side proving their adaptability to the climatic con-
Sditions of Florida.
'1 HALRWOUO "
The largest live oak, quercus virginiana, ofV
the Halifax River region is the Harwood Oak on Highway #4, 4
Smiles north of the -bridge over the Tomoka River. From the
I highway, a small dirt road leads east about a thousand feet
to the greAt tree which is screened from the highway and
Surrounded by other fine u0ercus, pinus palust.is long-leaf
pine, Sabal palmettos cabbage palmettos, magnolia foetida
i.agnolias, and tamala borbonia sweet bays, dendropo on us-
f neoides Spanish moss, hanging from the trees.
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S THE ROCKS
Just off the Ocean Shore Blvd., approximately
30 miles north of Daytona Beach, a sandy track leads to The
SRocks, an interesting and beautiful wild shcae with rock for-
mation resembling in a small way similar views on the rocky
Maine coast. This is in contract to the usual.wide Florida
Beach. The Flora is limited at The Rocks on account of the
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salt spray from
the ocean, but
lia scrub oak,
Sabalmegacarpa scrub pal-
and Capriola daotylo n
By Rubye K.
Edited by A.
roe a tUure.:
(DAYTON A BEACH)
Daytona Beach. Fla.
Standardized Plant I-nes,' American Joint Commititee on Horti-
cultural Nonenclature, Salem, Mass.. 1924. Daytona Beaoh
of Florida, by
rby Author 1913.
A Handbook of the Native arnd at
John Kunkel Small, Ph.D., Sc.D.,
Daytona Beach Public Library.
L Gardens, by Mrs.
Pub. by the authe
VJilson and Mrs.
. D. B. Public
Manual of the
Southeastern Flora, G.
& 0. Mertiau Co.
-A Guide to Florida, Harrison Rhodes and Mary Wolfe Demont,
N. Y., Dodd, head and Co.. 1912. Daytona Beach Public Library.
intent, Nevin 0. Winter. The Page
Daytona Beach Public Library.
From personal observation of
A Map of Florida for
Daytona Beaoh, Fla.