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 Carica papaya (Papaya farm)
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Title: Carica papaya (Papaya Farm)
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055091/00001
 Material Information
Title: Carica papaya (Papaya Farm)
Physical Description: 12, 1 leaves : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Trainor, A. W
Federal Writers' Project of the Work Projects Administration for the State of Florida
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: S.l
Publication Date: 1936]
 Subjects
Subject: Architecture, Tropical -- Florida -- Daytona Beach   ( lcsh )
Genre: bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references (leaf 1)
Statement of Responsibility: A. W. Trainor.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: Typescript for the Federal Writers' Project.
General Note: "Federal Writers' Project, 209 Orange Ave., Daytona Beach, Florida."
General Note: "Feature: Flora (Daytona Beach), April 17, 1936."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00055091
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002055093
oclc - 33597778
notis - AKP3081

Table of Contents
    Carica papaya (Papaya farm)
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    Bibliography
        Page 13
Full Text

FEDERAL WRITERS' PROJECT
209 )range Ave.
Daytona Beach, Florida


. W. Trainor


Feature: FLORA
(Daytona Beach)

April 17,'1936 -

A. Wp T


CARICA PAPAYA (PAPAYA FARM)

The most northern papaya farm in the U. S.

miles southeast of Broadway on Peninsula Drive. There are.*

"2,000 trees in this grove, situated in a hollow/ midway\be-

Stween ocean and river, surrounded by Sabal m~acarpa scrub

palmetto, which serves as a wind break. The trees are ap-

proximately 20 ft. in height, bear melon-like fruit weigh-

ing from 2 to 10 lbs., picked from Nov. to June. The

local grove was started in 1933. Although producing ap-
'A
proximately 20,000 melons, annually, the crop is barely

sufficient to supply the local-deimand.

The Carica papaya is believed to be a

native of tropical America. Golden melons that grow on

trees, the popular Carica paaya of the tropics, univer-

sally used in those regions as a breakfast firit, a base

for salads, cocktails and desserts, and s a remedy for

dyspepsia and other ailments. The Carica papaya differs

from most fruits in its flowering habits. Some trees pro-

duce only female flowers which, when pollenized, develop

into melons. otherss have only male flowers which occasion-

ally bear fruit that generally is inferior in quality. A

third type is bi-sexual, having both male and female


S..


F.o
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.*'r.'




eatureRA (Daytona Beach)

Saytona Beach, Fla.
-r : : :

flowers, the most desirable but most difficult type of tree

-to produce.

SThe Carica papay- heart is considered a

,great delicacy in Brazil. This is the7interior of the trunk

Which is taken out when the tree is cut down after its three

,years of service. The bark is used in the manufacture of

-ropes. The roots are used in the preparation of a nerve,

-tonic and tea is brewed for that purpose by South American

.natives. The seeds are very good for the digestion and are

-,also used to quench thirst. The ripened fruit is used an an

ingredient in certain syrups and elixers, especially bene-

Sficial for .its tonic and sedative qualities.

HOLLY HILL JUNGLE GARDENS

Twelve acres of great white lilium candidum

, (Easter lillies) wafting perfume to the breeze from hundreds i

. of thousands of enowy.blossoms, one of the treats for

,visitors near iaytona Beach, lasting from late March until

June. Flanking the lilium candidum are tall sabal almetto

.cabbage palmettos0 and evergreens from which the grey den-

droporon usneoides a Spanish moss) drapes nearly to the ground.-

-."Colorful bougainvillea glabra and tropical flowers border

the fields of. liium. The lilium has been accepted univer-

' sally as a symbol of purity. In some countries it is rolled

Sthe Anannciation lilium. Others name it the Lent lilium,

:and still others know it as the Madonna lilium, for many

,. years the chief source of supply for Easter comingiprom Ber-

rnmuda, until forida entered the field of production. Until

-I. I -* 7.




-I 4 e V .-- I' FEO 3-

ature: FLORA (Daytona Becoh)

aytona Beach, Fla.


SO years ago, all lili4m candidum in the U. S. were produced

under glass and cold frames, chiefly along the-North Pacific

coast. Now,._r. and Mrs. Charles Nutting, owners and super-

Visors of the Gardens, raise lilii with the longest stems

nd largest blossoms, growing them in the open air. They /

,have been operating 8 years.

Nearly all bulbs are believed to have ori-

ginated in various sectors of Africa. They were transported

.to China, Japan, Portugal and the Netherlands. In the U. S.,

IFlorida produces a greater amount of bulb flowers than Cali-

i|fornia and Washington (the 'two competing states) combined,
,|as they do nothave to be cultivated under glass in the sub-

tropica. Flowers are shipped to every corner; of our country,*

Sand Canada, as well as foreign ports.

SSeveral years ago Jungle Garden6 extended
i experimental department to include the cultivation and

development of the remarkable new type of huge heavy-

Stextured oak-leaf euhorbia pulcherrima poinsettia,) which
They brought from, California." Today, they have over a thou-

qand bushes.
SJungle Gardens are located approximately

3, miles from Daytona Beach. Follow the Dixie Highway from
.Daytona Beach to Holly Hill, turn west on llth St., continu-

ing west crossing the canal to the rustic entrance of Jungle

Gardens.




,. ,
feature: FLORA (Daytona Beach) "

Paytona Beach, Fla.
_V 1 ,rf /
o )

SORMOND TROPICAL GAI DE NS

.Tropical Gardens, a unique, luxuriant garden,

^-has been carved out of the tangled mess of ab palms and

imoss-draped Querous oaks. What a sight tourists view when

they come upon 40 acres of tropical landscape gardening with

~1skelets built to reflect trees that have existed more. than

400 years.

In the nave of a-cathedral of trees, one

w may gaze at a profusion Mnd endless variety of indigenous

and exotic lilii, shrubs, trees, ferns, grasses, flowering

plants, and cacti. Separating each beautiful spot are rustic

Bridges and stepping stones crossing the waterways, pools

Sand lakelets. These are flanked by tiny waterfalls and

- surrounded with tropical vegetation brought from all parts

i of the world. Cypyrus papyrus (Egyptian bulrush) and agapan-

thus africanus African lily grows in the banks just as on

.-the Nile. Lily pools, copies of which may be built on es-

" states, with Musa sa ientum banana trees) and cortaderia ar-
.. 'a n a
v gentea pampus grass on one side,palms on the other, and a

Il rustic bridge, are there to view. A swimming pool, con-

structed with native Coquina, the rock which geologically

was the bed of the Atlantic and today underlies the soil of

the Gardens.. The pool is supplied with pure, soft water

from an artesian well. This well also furnishes the water

that is guided in a circuituous flow to all the smaller

pools. A little distant is a coquina rock garden, 'exhibiting

4 vegetation from Australia.
/ ^




1. ~


feature: FLORA (Daytona Beach)

paytona Beach, Fla. .



%he Lily'Pools Water Lillies of all sizes

and..olors, about 50 varieties, thrive here. Some bloom

only at night, coming to light in the brilliance of the

Tropical moonlight. Some open'only under the touch of the

sun. Gigantic lotuslillies bloom, a leaf of which, fully

grown, floatingon. the water, will support a child. Some

K.blooms are 15 inches in diameter. .The bulbs are shipped to

.enthusiasts in Europe as well as the U. .

Adjacent to the lillies are the smallest

perfect plants known in the botanical world: Duckweel
Sportulaca oleracea, which, with all its leaves, bloom and
root system, is the size of an infant's finger nail. T*opi-

a cal Gardens exhibit .uriosities of botany from every tropical

Nation. Japan is represented by the Japanese Imperial Taro,

Sthe native food plant; Manilla by agave sisalana-Sesal

.he )from which Manilla rope is made; South Africa by the

ZanzibaroLily; Aus-tralis by the giant tree fern; China

V by the dendrocalamus latiflorus giant bambo 100 ft. high
.. = <=.- y = ,

and still growing;, used by Chinese to build houses and irri-

gation systems.
STropical Gardens shows how to plant as an

artistic decoration the tetrapanax panyriferumxn hinese rice

paper plant) from which oigaret paper is made; _ymboooon
citratus lemon grassqwhich furnishes oil of citronella;

russelia equisetiformisGlRusselia. the exotic cigar plant

whose red blossoms pop like a fire cracker when pressed be-

tween the fingers; Sultana, the explosive pod, bursting


-1' '~*
1''


"-ii





feature: FLORA (Daytona Beach)

)aytona Beach, .Fla,


and scattering its seed when touched; Centipede Grass, which
a.s especially adapted to Florida, withstanding heat and drought,

and rTsistant to pests; and Cyperus panyrus, upon whode three-
(oornered stem the ancient Egyptians wrote their manuscripts.

SIn addition to the specialized lily project, are

a0actus Garden and a large formal garden, where the rose is
undergoing experimentation to hybridize and adapt it to Florida

'climatic conditions. Here is "a little bit of Old England", as

rsome roses bloom 11 months of the year..

STropical Gardens is 6 miles north of Daytona
.Beach. To see it, follow the scenic Dixie HJghway (U. S. 'l1)

';from Ormond or Daytona BeAch, turning west on Division St., a

-half mile south of the center of Ormond. Continue west for

one block past the railroad tracks. The Gardens are owned

and supervised by Henry J. Stockmans.

SOMOKA RI

Eight miles -west of the heart of the city

Sof Daytona Beach is the head waters of this picturesque
Stream, rivalling the beauty of the famed Suiwannee. The

br-anks are lined with moss-draped oaks and a growth of dense
Shammiock vegetation. A deep winding coffee-colored stream,
. it flows from the backlands into the north Halifax River,
Sat Sunset Park, 11 miles north of Daytona Beach on Dixie Hw"
It takes its name from the tribe of Indians which inhabited

the region in early days. From its mouth, the river runs in

-long lazy curves, a wooded bank rising gradually to a bluff

Xof shell rock coquina; "on the east and on the west wild
}(grassy marshes. Along the banks are seen Sabal palmetto
i; /


ilra




"' 'I ' '' ' I' L r

Feature: FLORA ,(Daytona Beach)

.Daytona Beach,. Fla.


cabbage palmetto palms and Quercus virginian ive oaks

overhanging the water, the tangle of vegetation on both

'banks growing most luxuriantly. The variety of color in

This Flpridbn vegetation ia unusual.


LOOP DRIVE
-- ite
A favor/scenic drive, covering 37 miles '

Sof the vicinity north of Daytona Beach, is known as "The

SLoop'!. The entire route follows hard-surfaced roads. The

southern section of the drive follows the Halifax River on

Both sides where may be seen tall Sabal palmettos, Quercus

Soak trees, covered with Dendropogon usneoides Spanish moss>

.Phoenix sylvestris< ate palms at tropical and semi-
tropical vegetation. In the spring of the year may be

seen wide areas of blooming orange trees. Along the edge

of the Tomoka river is found Rupia maritima ea grass,


SAN ANTONIO DE ANACAPE MISSION, also known as
-TISSIMI MISSION

Anacape or Tissimi Mission is located on

SU. S. Highway No. 1, Fla. Highway No. 4, miles north of

STomoka River bridge at Sunset Park. Built by Franciscan

Friars in 1655 as one of a chain of 44 missions extending

From Georgia to New Smyrna, with quarters in St. Augustine.

This Mission was destroyed during the English invasion'in

S1706. It was later rebuilt and used as a sugar mill under

-. English occupation. The northern wall is 'still standing

in fair state of preservation. At one end of the wall are

-u the remains of a watch tower and dry cistern. In what
a.








Page 8
Missing
From
OrigianI




*" '*FE 9

feature: FLORA (Daytona Beach)

Daytona Beach, Fla.


Throughout the park are tall Sabal palmettos
cabbage palmetto palms, beds of roses -and petunias, calendula

Ioffclinalis and other garden favorites. Groups of Thuja occi-
entalis Ilex opaca.olly codiaeum varietatum

crotons ,colocasia escuilentum elephantt ear Lilium superbum

Turk S capS ITeohrolepis biserrata.word ferny are also added
attractions. Lily ponds surrounded with Ovyyrus papyrus

gyptian bulrush and other exotic plants captivate the eye.'

Two markers, both dedicated to George Washing-

ton in 1932: .by the Penwomens. Club,and .the Masonic Bodies

when they planted the Washin-ctonia fifierawashintoniaP alms.

.These palms, interspersed with Phoenix sylvestriaIndia date
-.palms are planted in 4 parallel rows, 2 on the east and 2 on

Sthe west side, the length of the northern half of the park.

STT. TU ERT ED SABAL PALMETTO
S(Cabboage Palmetto Palm)

SAththe northwest corner of-Volusia and Ridge-
,-wood Aves., is a freak three-trunked Sabal Palmetto cabbage -

' palmetto palm, resembling an inverted pitchfork; branching off
iat the top are 3 normal tree-like growths, each having a bud

-and fronds.

OWENS FLO`MR FARMI

Lathyrus ornatus sweet peas, Pentstemon an-
tirrhino ides snapdragons, Calendula officinalis .calendulas,

and other old garden favorites such as Matthiola stock, Del-

phiniums, Viola odorate semperflorens violets, and petunia

hybrida are on display through the winter months at the
4sen Oen oer Farm
scenic Owens Flower Farm.




: ]: .. ... :

nature: FLORA (Daytona Beach)

&ytona Beach, Fla.


One mile west of Ridgewood Ave., on the De-

and road (U. S. 92). is a 10-acre mass of flowers. Flanking

nem are tall Sabal palmettos cabbage palmettos and Quercus
ririniana ive oaks from which the soft gray DendroVogon,

sneoides panish mos drapes nearly to the ground. A flourish-

Ing Citrus sinensis orange grove and tropical jungle border
ithe flower gardens. Dahlia variabilisdahlias bloom continu-

uusly from march until December. PyrethUumu

large Thanksgiving flowers, cutting thousands of blossoms
weekly for sales in Nov. and Dec., is one of their outstanding

activitiess. These rank fourth in importance in the U3. S. as a

Vcommeroial flower. Polianthes tuberosatuberose are extremely

fragrant, especially'at night.

SMr. and Ars. Owen have built orotectionettes

,c(oloth houses) that protect tender plants and ferns from in-
sects, wind, rain heat, and cold. The farm has been in

Operation for 7 -years. Two artesian wells, maintaining con-

-Atinuous flow, supply the lily pools with pure,water and keep

itheii at the desired level and uniform temperature. Many

c- brightly colored varieties of tropical fish live lBre.

SThe banks of the pools are covered with

Aroides aethipiopum lla lillies olocasia esoulentum

elephant ears Pa.rus the short unmbrella palms, Cyerus

Saltermifolius, and many other moisture-loving plants.
H earbyael heberta
SNearby are gladioli beds, herbertia

.oaarulea, coleus bluemei coleus, Tithonia divers iolia
MI' kexican sunflower, as well as viola tricolor pansies, and
elpinium. One particularly interesting vine is a snow-
I -"




S' '. ,

Feature: FLORA (Daytona Beach)

)aytona Beach, Fla.


h white thunberaia grandiflora that bears'quantities of large

-`blossomns in Nov. This variety is not common to this vicinity

: where orange and blue varieties are ore often seen. Here,

Itoo, &re found Ounyrus Papyrus Egyptin bulrush, codiaeum
-variegatum, croutons, Texas roses, cacti, the "spring" of the
-4desert, whose tru home is America, aloe, Iasturtiums tropaeolum,

salvia, biononiai cruciaera, calyha hisida! euphorbia pul-

; cherriia poinsettias, and numerous other varieties growing

Side by side proving their adaptability to the climatic con-

Sditions of Florida.

'1 HALRWOUO "


The largest live oak, quercus virginiana, ofV

the Halifax River region is the Harwood Oak on Highway #4, 4

Smiles north of the -bridge over the Tomoka River. From the

I highway, a small dirt road leads east about a thousand feet

to the greAt tree which is screened from the highway and

Surrounded by other fine u0ercus, pinus palust.is long-leaf

pine, Sabal palmettos cabbage palmettos, magnolia foetida

i.agnolias, and tamala borbonia sweet bays, dendropo on us-

f neoides Spanish moss, hanging from the trees.
.'-' i /


S THE ROCKS

Just off the Ocean Shore Blvd., approximately

30 miles north of Daytona Beach, a sandy track leads to The

SRocks, an interesting and beautiful wild shcae with rock for-

mation resembling in a small way similar views on the rocky

Maine coast. This is in contract to the usual.wide Florida

Beach. The Flora is limited at The Rocks on account of the

V^ -C,/'""


i I'
*'t

;1'*~'


-F /i 2.2




1 ~ ~ ---;-i l~-


*. '4--'T
* f


*P~0~; 12


feature: FLORA

paytona Beach,



salt spray from

Vpuercus myrtifo.


(Daytona Beaoh)


Fla.


the ocean, but


lia scrub oak,


thebee


can be


seen cacti,


Sabalmegacarpa scrub pal-


mettos,
I*


and Capriola daotylo n


Bertauda


gras s.


&


j'*





By Rubye K.

Edited by A.


April


17,


Goebel

W. Trainor


1936


BIBLIOGRAPHiY


roe a tUure.:


FLO-rU


(DAYTON A BEACH)


Daytona Beach. Fla.


Standardized Plant I-nes,' American Joint Commititee on Horti-
cultural Nonenclature, Salem, Mass.. 1924. Daytona Beaoh
Public Library.


SFlorida Trees,
of Florida, by
rby Author 1913.


A Handbook of the Native arnd at
John Kunkel Small, Ph.D., Sc.D.,
Daytona Beach Public Library.


)iralized
N. Ye,


Trees
Pub.


In Flbrida
Fergmlson,


L Gardens, by Mrs.
Pub. by the authe


r


Millar
s, 1984


VJilson and Mrs.
. D. B. Public


John A..
Library.


Manual of the
Daytona Beach


Southeastern Flora, G.
Public Library.


& 0. Mertiau Co.


-A Guide to Florida, Harrison Rhodes and Mary Wolfe Demont,
N. Y., Dodd, head and Co.. 1912. Daytona Beach Public Library.


Florida, the
Co., Boston.


Land
Pub.


of Encha
1918.


intent, Nevin 0. Winter. The Page
Daytona Beach Public Library.


Manuscript of
Daytona Beach,


Mary Frances
Fla. .


Moore,


717 N.


Peninsula


From personal observation of


research worker.


A Map of Florida for
Daytona Beaoh, Fla.


Garden


Lovers,


Writers


Project


office,


1913.


Dr.,


p I,
'I




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