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YOUNG CANADA IN WINTER DRESS
- .. .-- .
FRANK & ETHEL'S TRAVELS
AMERICA AND CANADA.
D. J. D.
AUTHOR OF "OUR PICTURE BOOK."
S. W. PARTRIDGE & CO. 9 PATERNOSTER Row.
Printed by HAZELL, WATSON, & VINEY, Ld., London and Aylesbury.
To THE W EST ... ..... ... ... ... ... ... ... 7
THE DEPARTURE ... ... ... .. ... ... ... 12
THE SABBATH BELL AT SEA ... ... ... ... ***. 16
FRANK AND ETHEL IN NEW YORK ... ... ... ... ... ... 22
FURTHER EXPLORATIONS ... ..... ** ... ... 26
IN THE CARS FOR PHILADELPHIA ... ... .. ** ... 32
INDEPENDENCE HALL ... ... *** *.* .* *....* 36
A RAMBLE IN FAIRMOUNT PARK ... ... ... *** *** ** 38
WILLIAM PENN AND THE INDIANS ... .... ... .. 41
BALTIMORE AND WASHINGTON ... ... .. ... ... *.. 48
VISIT TO THE CAPITOL ... ... *** **. ... ... ... 52
MRS. MAITLAND'S STORY ... ... .. *. ... ... 58
THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER ... ... ... ... .. 61
AT CHICAGO ... ... .. ... ... ... ... .. ... 64
WHAT FRANK AND ETHEL SAW AT NIAGARA ... ... .. ... 68
TORONTO ... ...... ... ... ... 74
SHOOTING THE RAPIDS .... ... ... ... 76
MONTREAL, AND WHAT THEY SAW THERE ... ... ... ... 78
QUEBEC, AND THE PLAINS OF ABRAHAM ... .. ... .. ... 81
BOSTON, ITS SITES AND ASSOCIAIIONS... ... ... .. ... 84
THE HUDSON RIVER .. ... ... .. ... ... ... 92
NEW YORK PATROL BOAT. [p 31.
TO THE WEST.
- -_--- UR travellers were going to
J the "Land of the West"
with happy hearts, save for the
cloud that sometimes oppressed
2~ ~ them as they thought of leaving
---' .....--,--- -i-- papa and mamma, from whom they
_.._ _..i were soon to be separated by three
-., thousand miles and more.
S But youthful hearts are gener-
S ally buoyant ones; and indeed, with
--~ such high hopes of enjoyment as
I are occasioned by the anticipation
S -- of foreign scenes and travel, there
are few boys or girls who would not be joyous, and give
evidence of their joyousness by sundry gesticulations, much
animated talk, occasional jumps,and many exclamations-these
being apparently the approved methods by which young folks
give expression to their emotions when such happen to be of
a pleasant nature.
Now the youthful travellers whom we are going to follow
in their wanderings were, in this respect, neither better nor
worse than-ordinary, every-day boys and girls, and gave vent
8 Pets Abroad.
"-^ to their pent-up joy with such energy --
that papa was heard to say to '-,
i.:' mamma, one day after there had -ir
been more noise than usual, "My
/ dear, I am sure there will be no
/ i more quietness for us till those ((i'
two wild creatures are gone."
The "two wild creatures," whose names
were Frank Hunt and his merry sister Ethel,
introduce themselves by presenting their portraits, doing so
with the hope that whether the reader be a staid young
gentleman or a demure little lady, either will pardon the
wildness of which papa complained, when it is known that the
subjects of it were really going to America, and that they were
to start for that country in three more days.
Three days!-three times twenty-four hours !-how slowly
the time went by Frank and Ethel made many calculations
to see how it was passing. They did not wish to leave papa
and mamma, yet they were veryanxi-
ous to begin their _journey; and when,
two days before the time of departure,
uncle Roverton, whom they were
to accompany, called to make final
arrangements, their heads were so filled
with thoughts of their travels, that
but the tiniest possi- ble room remained
for other thoughts I- to enter..
Cab, railway, tender, steamship,
the broad Atlantic.- such were the
means Uncle in- 'formed them by
To tIe West. 9
which the New World was to be reached ; and cab, railway,
tender, steamship, the broad Atlantic, all appeared
confused together in the dreams of Master Frank and
Mistress Ethel, as they lay in their pretty beds, in their
cosy rooms, that night. Uncle had travelled to many
parts of the world before, and now he was going to take
his nephew, aged ten, and his niece, aged eight, to see
MIDLAND RAILWAY TERMINUS, ST. PANCRAS.
the beautiful Land of the West, and they were actually quite
ready to go, even though they left papa and mamma behind.
The day arrived at last. Three times twenty-four became
twice twenty-four, then once twenty-four, then going to bed
for the last time at home, and awaking next morning to find
the day of departure had really come. The big trunk had
been packed, the portmanteau was ready, warm wraps were
near at hand; nothing remained but to give papa and mamma
the farewell kisses, puss the final strokes, and Carlo his last
caress, and then to await the arrival of the cab, with Uncle
Pets Abroad. B
1IO Pets Abroad.
in it, to fetch them away. At last this took place; and with
final leave-takings, kisses, and waving of hands, our youth-
ful voyagers set out upon their travels.
To the Midland Railway Terminus, St. Pancras," said
Mr. Roverton to the cab driver; so after threading their way
among the streams of vehicles, thronging the London streets,
they arrived in time to catch the express for Liverpool, at
which city they intended to stay that night, and from whence
they were to embark on the morrow. Tickets were taken,
IE ;,ll r _e was put in the
a, guard's van, and
their wraps in
the railway car-
genl'en, aIiInd I t Uncle and his
ready for the
-- train to start.
"THE LATE PASSENGER." The bell rang,
the guard waved his flag, the engine puffed, and the wheels
moved, when in rushed a gentleman, all heated and flurried,
who managed to scramble into the carriage. He was the
gentleman, always a little behind time, who is generally
known as the late passenger." Onward went the train,
through cuttings, tunnels, and open country, past telegraph-
posts, fields, houses, cows, horses, and sheep, till Frank and
Ethel grew tired of looking out of window, and changed their
To Ite West. 11
occupation from viewing the beauties of nature to that of
eating some of the good things which mamma and cook had
provided for them during their railway journey.
About five hours after leaving London, and after having
stopped at a few principal stations, the train drew into the
Central Terminus, Liverpool, when another cab was hired,
and our travellers, with their luggage, were driven to the hotel
where uncle had arranged for them to pass the night. Before
entering the cab, however, Mr. Roverton went to the telegraph
office, and sent a telegram to Frank and Ethel's papa, saying
that thus far their journey to the West had been accom-
plished in safety, and that they were all looking forward to
the morrow. Soon afterwards Uncle, with his nephew and
IS Pels Abroad.
niece, were seated round a table in the hotel, enjoying tea, which
they much needed after their long ride. A little later on
our young travellers went to bed, and Mr. Roverton, after
taking a walk through some of the streets of Liverpool, was
not sorry to follow their example. Thus when darkness had
closed in, and the bells from the neighboring church tower
chimed the hour of eleven, Uncle and his young companions
were all fast asleep.
When the sun shone in at the window next morning it
found Frank awake, but Ethel's pretty head lay quite still
upon her pillow. But both were up and dressed ready for
breakfast, talking away quite merrily about going on the big
ship which was to carry them away from England. One
o'clock was the time when they were to embark, and, as they
did not wish to stop in the hotel till that hour, Uncle took
them to see St. George's Hall and some of the other handsome
buildings that adorn Liverpool, getting back in time to have
lunch and prepare for their departure.
NCE again their luggage was put on a cab, and after
getting in themselves, and seeing that nothing had
been left behind, Mr. Roverton and his young com-
,. panions drove to the landing-stage, where the
tender was waiting to convey them and the other
passengers to the large White Star steamship,
.:'. lying in mid-stream in the River Mersey, with
S-J the steam up, all ready to start.
The Departure. 13
The tender was a steamboat which carried passengers
from the landing-stage to the outward-going ocean steamships.
There were two of them, when Uncle, Frank, and Ethel em-
baiked-one to carry the passengers, and the other their
luggage. Shortly after they stepped on board the moorings
were cast loose, the boat carrying the passengers put out
into the stream, followed by the boat containing the luggage;
then it passed under the stern of the great ship, and drew up
THE LANDING-STAGE, LIVERPOOL.
on its left, or port, side, the top of the paddle-box of the steam-
boat being about level with the deck of the steamship. All
soon passed from the boat to the ship, and the baggage was
transferred. Then the hoarse whistle of the big vessel sounded,
the screw began to revolve, the objects on the banks of the
river began to recede, and the ship was fairly under way.
Gently it glided onward; the bar at the river's mouth was
passed ; New Brighton, with its lighthouse, was left astern,
and the American liner was standing out to sea.
14 Pets Abroad.
Meanwhile Uncle had seen to his luggage being properly
stowed, ready for use, and taken his young friends to see the
saloon of the steamer, and the state-room in which they were
to sleep. The saloon was a large and elegantly-fitted cabin,
with a library and pianoforte at its farther end; seats,
cushioned in red velvet plush, ran along its sides; four long
tables were placed parallel down its centre, with velvet plush
seats along their sides, turning on pivots like music-stools ;
silver-plated lamps hung from its ceiling; and numerous ports,
or round windows, were placed throughout its entire length
on both sides, admitting the air, and furnishing a view of the
The state-room afforded both Frank and Ethel much
pleasure and fun. It was a small room, with. an iron ceiling,
containing a white marble wash-stand with silver-plated
fittings, a looking-glass, and racks to hold water-bottles and
glasses. On one side was a broad shelf, with' a polished
mahogany front about twelve inches deep, and on the other
side of the room were two shelves, one above the other, with
similar fronts. These were the berths. In these mattresses
and bed coverings were placed, forming very comfortable beds,
in which to sleep.
On the ship was a lady, a friend of Ethel's papa,
who had promised to watch over and care for her during
the voyage; and it was arranged between her Uncle and this
lady that Ethel should occupy one of the berths in her state-
room. But to sleep on a shelf seemed very funny to the
little maid, and to get into bed almost like getting into a sack
very curious indeed. But before Ethel reached New York
she learned to sleep quite comfortably in her strange bed
The Defparture. 15.
All four afterwards came on deck : Uncle, the lady, Ethel,
and Frank. The deck was a raised one, occupying about one-
third of the length of the ship, in the middle, or amidships,
as a sailor would- express it, -with a railing all round; and
down the centre were the wheel-house, the captain's cabin,
the funnel-casing, and a
deck-house; leaving room --
for a good promenade -
besides. The tall masts ,~
towered aloft, but as yet -
no sails were set. The
deck below, or the main
deck, was allotted to the
steerage passengers., i--- l~-
The vessel was now
steaming down the Irish -
Sea and St. George's I
Channel, leaving the coast
of Wales on the left and
Ireland on the right. The
breeze blew softly, and the
ship rose gently with the
waves, and rolled from
side to side with a regular
and easy motion. So the
afternoon wore away, and time drew nigh for dinner. Break-
fast at eight o'clock, lunch at one, and dinner at six, were the
hours for meals; and as all the members of our little party
were thus far keeping well, they were quite ready for dinner
when the time came.
16 Pets Abroad.
Next morning, when they looked through the port-lights
(windows), they found themselves in a beautiful bay; and upon
reaching deck Frank and Ethel were informed that the ship
had cast anchor in Queenstown Harbour, and that it would
wait there for the mail-bags. An opportunity was also afforded
of going on shore, and also of writing home to papa and
mamma. Frank wrote quite a long letter to his parents, and
Ethel sent a short one to mamma. Then a steamboat came
alongside, to which all the saloon passengers who wished to
do so passed, and were landed at Queenstown. Many of them
went to Cork, among whom were Uncle and our young
travellers, all being brought back to the steamship when
the mail-bags arrived. Then the great vessel steamed ahead
again, passed the lighthouse at the entrance to the harbour,
and was soon steering away across the wide Atlantic.
THE SABBATH BELL AT SEA.
SHE next day was the Sabbath. When Ethel came
on deck nothing was to be seen around but the
blue ocean and the sky. Very calm and peaceful
all looked, and she could hardly think that this
calm sea was the great Atlantic, upon whose
,..1 waters so many ships had been wrecked.
A little later, Uncle and his companions, sit-
ii''' ting in their deck-chairs, heard : "Dong ding!
V- ding! Dong I ding! ding! "-the Sabbath bell at
sea, calling to worship. Service was held in the saloon, where
WHITE STAR STEAMER.
18 Pets Abroad.
the passengers assembled. The Scriptures were read, prayers
offered, and the beautiful hymn was sung, commencing-
Eternal Father, strong to save,
Whose arm hath bound the restless wave,
Who bidst the mighty ocean deep
Its own appointed limits keep;
O hear us, when we cry to Thee
For those in peril on the sea."
The voyage was a fine one; at times the sea was rather
rough, and once poor Ethel became sea-sick. She was very
unwell all day, but the doctor was kind, and she soon got
better. After this, when the waves broke against each other
and sent up their crests of foam, showing beneath a beautiful
pale-green colour, Ethel clapped her hands with delight. Days
went by, till the eighth day since leaving Queenstown came,
and they drew near to New York, where they hoped to anchor
As they sat on deck watching the waves, and the smoke of
a steamer on the horizon, Uncle told Frank and Ethel a story
of a man overboard at sea. This story we relate in verse:-
"As the steamer was ploughing the deep, blue sea,
On board there was one, most important was he;
With telescope pointed at every sail,
He deemed him a sailor, and never did fail
To discourse of the weather and nautical lore,
Till the captain and passengers thought him a bore.
Said the captain, who worried had been one day
By this wise little man with so much to say,
If he overboard fell, I should not much care,
To save him, I really and truly declare,
A boat I'd not lower to keep him from drowning.'
And away walked the captain, angry and frowning.
T-_- --_ --_ -: --_ = =_--- _- = ~- =- -_ ..... xd.-..:-_ ----= _ --c --__- ----_-=- ,
:s:_-~- --', --~
-~,,', '. .
\\,\ ,, ,,',' ,,
~, /, / /'
/ v"' /'" '
A MAN OVERBOARD.
20 Pets Abroad.
This amateur sailor a sharp look-out kept,
And with telescope daily the horizon swept ;
But mounting the rigging-he'd no right to do,
One day lost his hold, disappearing from view
In the midst of the waves, being left far behind
By the captain who threatened to be so unkind.
The passengers shouted, and overboard threw
Deck-chairs, life-buoys, and things not a few;
But the captain a boat to the rescue sent;
His ire was all gone and his mind fully bent
On saving the man who was struggling for life,
Whom only he'd threatened when anger was rife.
The boat went onwards, and quickly took in
The man who in danger of drowning had been;
But when on the deck he once again walked,
He looked quite crestfallen, and never more talked
Of his nautical skill, or of how things should be,
But left them to those who were wiser than he."
Soon a boat, which looked but a speck upon the water,
was seen, and, by the aid of a glass, it was found to be the
pilot's boat. As it came nearer, a flag was discovered flying
high above the mast-head, and a number painted in large
figures was seen upon the mainsail. Gracefully the boat glided
along, and, when it drew near to the ship, appeared as though
it would pass by, but stopped a little distance away. Then
a small rowing boat was lowered, which rowed to the steam-
ship, and a few minutes later the pilot came up the side of the
vessel, and mounted to the bridge, alongside of the captain.
The pilot now took charge of the ship, and safely he steered
it clear of rocks and sand-banks, with Fire Island on the right,
till by-and-by the lighthouse at Sandy Hook was passed, and
the good ship anchored safely in the outer harbour of New
I I MMM
NEW YOK BAY
22 Pets Abroad.
York. Early next morning the anchor was weighed, and the
large vessel steamed carefully forward, passing through the
Narrows-the entrance to New York Bay-with forts on the
right and left; and presently the lofty Brooklyn Suspension
Bridge was seen high above the houses and water, spanning
the river between New York and Brooklyn.
Shortly after breakfast the steamship was made fast to the
landing-stage belonging to the White Star Line at New York;
and after satisfactorily passing the Customs examination,
Mr. Roverton, Frank, Ethel, and their lady friend drove away
in a "hack," or closed carriage, to the hotel at which they
were.to reside during their stay in New York.
FRANK AND ETHEL IN NEW YORK.
', N describing what our young voyagers saw in New
York we must commence with the hotel where
they stayed. This was situated in the principal
business street of the city, named the Broadway.
It was a large building, containing over seven
hundred rooms. As they entered Uncle had their
names registered in the visitors' book; then an
attendant, an Irishman, took charge of their
luggage, and they stepped into a steam lift, like a
little room, which in a few seconds lifted them
to the second storey, in which their apartments were to be.
A coloured lad controlled the motion of the lift, and
Frank and Etlel in New York. 23
stopped it at the different floors. The lady, whose name was
Mrs. Maitland, still took charge of Ethel, who was to sleep in
her room; while Frank was to share his Uncle's apartment.
The dining-hall, into which our travellers were ushered
after completing their toilet preparations, was on the first floor.
ELEVATED RAILWAY, NEW YORK.
It was a very large and lofty hall, lighted by stained glass
windows at each end, and by many cut-glass chandeliers hang-
ing from the roof, or projecting from the sides. A spectacle
novel to the eyes of Frank and Ethel met them as they entered
this hall for breakfast. Numerous waiters were rushing about,
24 Pets Abroad.
holding trays high above their heads, all these waiters being
coloured men, varying in hue from nearly white to black.
Tables were arranged, each to accommodate six persons, at
which gentlemen, ladies, and a few children, were seated, par-
taking of the good and tempting dishes which the waiters set
On the following day, while Mrs. Maitland visited some
friends, Frank and Ethel went with their Uncle to look at
the city. Strolling down Broadway, they saw the City Hall;
the Post Office, a large stone building, having a high roof;
Trinity Church, with its graceful spire; and, in the adjoining
churchyard, the tomb of Robert Fulton, the inventor of the
steamboat. They also stopped, as later on they turned down
one of the avenues, to watch the trains run along on the
After lunch-for the hours for meals at the hotel were
nearly the same as on the steamship-Uncle, Frank, and Ethel
entered a tram-car for Central Park. This is a large and
beautiful park, in which are several lakes, numerous statues,
bridges, and arches, pretty rockwork, and many miles of
carriage drives, bridle-ways, and footpaths. Birds flitted
about, and bright-hued flowers added beauty to the scene as
our travellers looked upon it. They examined the Egyptian
obelisk, and saw the Zoological Gardens, but time did not
allow them to visit the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Frank and his sister kept their eyes open, and their
mouths were not often shut; there was so much to talk about.
As they passed along one of the broad walks they noticed
some handsome goat-carriages-regular open landaus, drawn
by two goats, with an attendant in uniform walking alongside.
CENTRAL PARK, NEW YORK,
26 Pets Abroad.
"Oh Uncle, just look," shouted Ethel. "Are they not
beautiful ? Do let Frank and me have a ride."
Uncle was quite willing, and Ethel was soon seated like
a grand lady in her carriage, and Frank sat opposite, as her
An elderly negress, who put them in mind of Aunt Chloe,
was keeping watch over a sleeping baby in a perambulator,
and looked so smiling and kind that Frank and Ethel felt
ready to make friends with her at once. Further on they saw
a roundabout, on which boys and girls were seated on wooden
horses, with swords in their hands, tilting at rings suspended
from an arm, which rings they tried to take on their swords
as they passed by.
Somewhat reluctantly our travellers left this charming
park, and returned to their hotel by a different route.
SUR pages are not sufficient to tell of all the sights
seen by our youthful voyagers and their adult
friends while they stayed in New York. One day
they went by the ferry across the Hudson River to
Jersey City, which place is opposite to New York.
Here they were taken by Uncle to see the Lake:
Erie grain elevator, over which an attendant very
courteously showed them. An elevator is a large
and lofty building like a huge mill. In the base-
ment are platforms like railway platforms, with
lines alongside, on which trucks filled with grain are placed.
Further Explorations. 27
The grain is scooped out of the trucks by wooden scoops,
worked by machinery, it falls through gratings upon inclines,
and thus reaches endless bands, moving from the bottom to
the top of the building. Receptacles, like wooden trays, are
fixed at short intervals on these bands, into which the grain falls
as it descends the inclines from the waggons, and as the bands
move upwards the grain is
carried with them to the top
floor and there turned out
into huge weighing-ma-
chines. It is then either
stored in immense bins, or
shot through long pipes,
GRAIN DESCENDING FROM AN ELEVATOR INTO SACKS.
28 Pets Abroad.
projecting from the walls of the building, into the holds of
ships. In our picture we see the corn coming down one of the
pipes and running into sacks, which the men are storing in the
hold of a ship.
Another day they went across the Brooklyn Suspension
Bridge, which is over a mile in length. Its towers each rise
268 feet above high water, or 66 feet higher than the Monu-
ment of London; and the floor of the bridge is 135 feet above
high-water mark. Our readers see therefore what an elevated
position Frank and Ethel occupied when they stood in the
centre of this wonderful bridge. It is 85 feet wide, and has a
promenade down the middle, with a tramway on each side,
and beyond the tramways are roadways for vehicles, up and
down. The bridge is supported by four massive cables, 15-
inches in diameter. Each cable is composed of 5,434 steel
wires, and is capable of bearing a very great weight. The
framework of the bridge is suspended from these great cables
by a large number of thick wire ropes.
After crossing the bridge Uncle and his young friends
took a tram-car for Greenwood Cemetery, the most beautiful
cemetery in the world. This is like a large park, but it is
reserved for tombs. Over the entrance gates are Scripture
scenes carved in stone, and inscriptions suitable to the place,
such as Weep Not," The Dead shall be Raised," etc. The
paths have suggestive names, Highland Avenue," Fern
Path," and others. Tombs are cut in the rocks, and ex-
quisitely sculptured monuments abound. One particularly
attracted the attention of Ethel as she was looking about. It
was the statue of a chubby little boy in his nightdress, with
his hands clasped in prayer. Behind him stood an angel,
THE FULTON FERRY AND BROOKLYN BRIDGE.
30 Pets Abroad.
whose outstretched arms were ready to enfold the little pleader.
SUpon the pedestal
at his feet was the
Wylie was born
1875; and died
three years old.
are obtained from
this cemetery of
New York Bay
with its shipping,
and the cities of
New York with
One day while
passing along the
city they saw a
and noticed the
FIREMAN SAVING AN INFANT. gaily- painted en-
Furlter Explorations. 31
gine inside, with the horses standing by, ready, directly the alarm
sounds, to walk to their places beside the pole in front of the
engine. When the horses take their places, their collars drop
upon them,the firemen hurry down fromabove, fastenthe horses
to the engine by electric snaps, and take their positions ready
to dash away to the fire. Our travellers also saw the fire-alarm
boxes fixed on the lamp-posts at intervals along the streets,
and both saw and heard the fire patrol as, with bright red
helmets and jing-
ling bells on the 1 -
to see that all was i-
secure. Uncle told -
them many stories
of the bravery of the
New York firemen, w -
one of which was
about a fireman
named Schuck, who AMERICAN LOCOMOTIVE. [Page 34.
fought his way through a house that was burning like a furnace
to save the life of an infant, and who had the pleasure of safely
restoring the little one to its mother's arms. Glad, indeed,
was the mother to have her babe again in safety, and the
spectators heartily cheered the brave man who had rescued it
at the risk of his life.
At another time, when crossing the ferry, they saw the
patrol boat, with the police patrol guarding the property on
board the ships, etc., in New York Harbour.
IN THE CARS FOR PHILADELPHIA.
S' UCH as our travellers were interested in New
l / York, the time came when they had to leave, so
we find them one Monday morning seated in the
hotel coach on their way to the dep6t of the
Pennsylvania Railroad for Philadelphia. Rail-
ways in America are called railroads, railway
carriages cars, and all principal stations dep6ts.
To reach the cars for Philadelphia, passengers
have to cross the Hudson River to New Jersey,
so, after their baggage had been checked, our
voyagers entered the ferry-boat-a steamboat with a carriage-
way down the centre and cabins for passengers on each side-
where Frank watched the beam of the steam-engine as it
moved up and down aloft.
The train in which they travelled was an express, com-
posed entirely of Pullman cars. There were palace-cars,"
luxuriously cushioned, and so contrived that at night they
could be converted into sleeping-cars; also dining-cars, where
meals were served in excellent style; and a car with materials
and conveniences for writing, where letters could be written,
posted, and delivered as the train went along. Mr. Roverton,
Mrs. Maitland, Frank and Ethel stepped on board the train
-for so they speak of getting into the cars-and with the
bell on the engine sounding, "Clang, clang! clang, clang !
clang, clang!" the train moved slowly away, quickly in-
creasing its speed till it was flying along.
Uncle I look there there's a cow on the line," shouted
Frank, who noticed a cow grazing close to the railroad track
In the Cars for Philadeiphia. 33
as the engine dashed past, dragging the cars behind it. How
did it get there, Uncle ?"
Mr. Roverton pointed out to his nephew that the rail-
roads in America are not fenced in as in England, but in
many parts are open. Where the carriage-road crosses the
railway-track, frequently a simple notice-board only is put up,
INTERIOR OF A PULLMAN PALACE-CAR.
with the words, Railroad crossing. Look out for the cars."
Presently they came to one of these crossings, and saw a man
standing at the head of his horses, to keep them from rushing
forward against the passing train.
Philadelphia is ninety miles distant from New York, and
this distance was run in two hours, without stopping. As
they walked along the platform of the dep6t there, Frank
34 Pets Abroad.
wanted to look at the engine which had brought them along.
What is that great iron thing in front for, Uncle ? said
he, "and-what a chimney !-and, Ethel, now, do look at that
enormous lamp: it is a funny engine I "
Ethel ran to look, and Uncle explained that the iron
grating in front was a cow-catcher, to clear cows or other
animals off the rails if they got in the way of the train. Then
he and his friends went to a large hotel in Chestnut Street,
opposite the grand new post-office.
Our travellers were now in the city which the good
Quaker William Penn founded, who came over from England
with a number of companions in I682.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the United States, being
twenty-two miles long, and from five to eight miles broad. Its
houses are all built in square blocks, and its streets all cross
one another at right angles. Many of the streets have trees
planted along each side, so that they look quite pretty and re-
freshing in the warm season. At the time when Penn came
the country was thickly covered with forests, in which were
many noble trees. The names of some of these have been
given to the streets, Chestnut Street and Walnut Street being
two of the principal thoroughfares.
Philadelphia contains many fine buildings. The new
Public Buildings, of white marble, have a tower fifty feet
higher than the cross of St. Paul's Cathedral in London.
There is also the Academy of Music, in Broad Street, and
many elegant churches, likewise hospitals, colleges, libraries,
the United States Mint, etc. But my readers are getting im-
patient of this description, and are wanting to know what has
become of Frank and Ethel. Well, Frank and Ethel had
INDEPENDENCE SQUARE IN WINTER. page 37.
36 Pets Abroad.
been taking lunch at the hotel, and resting after their journey,
and Uncle had been giving them some particulars about the
city they had now come to visit.
NE of the first places visited by Mr. Roverton and
his companions was Independence Hall, the most
,4 interesting building in the United States. It is a
S red brick structure, decorated with white stone
facings, and has a square clock-tower and a spire..
/"f. In the tower was a bell, which is now seen in the
hall below, called Liberty Bell," because it was
the bell that pealed forth the tidings of American
Independence. The Hall is named Independence:
Hall because it was from its steps that the:
Declaration of Independence was read, which the American
patriots had drawn up and signed, on the 4th of July, 1776,.
declaring that the United States of America were entirely
free from the control of Great Britain. The 4th of July in
each year is kept as a general holiday in commemoration of
As Frank and Ethel looked round the hall in which the
Continental Congress-the first parliament of the United
States of America-met, they saw the chairs in which the:
members sat, and other articles of furniture used by them, also
their portraits, and a statue of Washington. They likewise
saw in a case several relics of the early Indians, among others
iIndependence Hall. 37
the wampum belt, presented to Penn by these people
when he made his first great treaty with them. This is
a belt made of shells, with many curious figures worked
upon it. Afterwards our young travellers had a good
look at Liberty Bell, and at many curiosities contained in
another room in the same building; finally going upstairs into
-- Congress Hall, in which place Washington
delivered his farewell address. Leaving
Independence Hall by the door at
-I the back, they passed into Inde-
pendence Square, and sat down for
a while under some of
S- the fine old trees,
looking up every
11I nowv and then at
the tower and spire
M.I of thebuilding they
had just left.
I Said Uncle, and
_--w I ag-ain our friends
--went onward; and
presently they were
standing by the
_side of Benjamin
...F franklin's tomb.
i Some of my readers
know all about
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN'S TOMB. lin, the printer's
38 Pets Abroad.
boy, who became the learned United States citizen, and their
agent to England and ambassador to France. Yes," I think
I hear some young reader saying, why, that was the man
who flew his kite into a thunder-cloud to find out whether the
lightning was the same as electricity." Quite right, young
reader, that was the very man.
Philadelphia is built on the banks of two beautiful rivers
On the east it is bounded by the Delaware, on which large
steamboats travel, and up which vessels of all kinds come
from distant parts. The other river is the Schuylkill, a pretty
stream, which branches off from the Delaware, and then flows
along its winding, rocky bed, clear, bright, and bubbling,
through the western part of the city, past Fairmount Park,
and onwards for several miles.
Fairmount Park !" cried Ethel, as she skipped beside
Uncle, do let us go to Fairmount Park to-morrow."
And so it came to pass that, on the morrow, Uncle, Mrs.
Maitland, and our two young travellers were seated in a tram-
car on their way to Fairmount Park.
S A RAMBLE IN FAIRMOUNT PARK.
'- 'fl' S they went along, Frank and Ethel were informed
', it. that Fairmount Park is the largest city park in the
world, covering an area of 2,740 acres, about six
i times as large as Regent's Park, London. In it.
was held the Centennial Exhibition of 1876, and
some of the buildings erected for that exhibition
la-Ax-~ ~a~f~df~~ ~ -Pe~atn~s~cw ~n~a~k-L~
THE SCHUYLKILL RIVER AND FAIRMOUNT PARK.
40 Pets Abroad.
Small steamboats convey passengers along the Schuyl-
kill to different landing-places in the park. Our four friends
entered one of these steamboats, and, passing under the
railroad bridge, much enjoyed watching the current as it
whirled and eddied among the rocks, and the scenery upon
the river's banks. A small stream, named Wissahickon
Creek, flows out of the Schuylkill, through another portion
THE MEMORIAL HALL, FAIRMOUNT PARK.
of the park, for six miles; here the scenery is wild and ro-
mantic. Leaving the steamboat our friends rambled through
the park, stopping again and again to gaze on the ever-chang-
ing views as they passed along. Merry Ethel chased Frank
up and down the grass slopes, and all admired the many-tinted
foliage of the trees. Then Uncle hired a carriage, and in this they
drove along the roads, noticing the Memorial Hall, with its
picture gallery, and the Horticultural Building, which is filled
William Penn and the Indians. 41
with tropical and other plants; then, alighting from the
vehicle, they entered the Zoological Gardens to see the animals
there; after which they continued their drive, leaving the park
at the gate where they entered it, and, taking another tram-
car, reached their hotel in time for dinner. This they all
needed, after their long and pleasant ramble.
WILLIAM PENN AND THE INDIANS.
Ti;TROLLING down Market Street our travellers
came to the ferry across the Delaware to Camden,
S and, as Frank and Ethel gazed upon the clear
"' waters and the pretty little island in the middle
-of the stream, nothing would content them but
that Uncle should take them across in the steam
ferry-boat. So the fare was paid, they stepped on
board, and soon were out in mid-stream, and a
few minutes later were landed on the other
side. As, however, they had simply crossed for
the pleasure of being on.the water, they recrossed by the next
boat, and as Uncle saw how much they enjoyed being on
this beautiful river, he took them for an excursion next day by
a large river steamer to Burlington, a city on the Delaware,
nineteen miles above Philadelphia. This ride they very much
appreciated, and as they were silently gliding over the water
upon their return, gazing upon the pretty scenery, Uncle
recalled to mind an incident which took place in the woods
close to where the city of Philadelphia now stands, but before
there were any signs of a city there. He said-
Pets Abroad. D
42 Pefs Abroad.
In the days when King Charles II. sat upon the throne
of England, there lived a noble young Quaker, whose name
was William Penn. He was the son of an admiral, had been
educated at Oxford, and travelled on the Continent; but being
brought to Jesus Christ, and holding the views of the Quakers,
he suffered with other of his companions of like faith, and
was cast into prison. At last, in consideration of a sum of
money owing to him by the Crown, a large tract of land on the
banks of the Delaware River was granted him, which the King
named Pennsylvania, and of which William Penn was the pro-
prietor and first Governor. He sent out a party of Quakers
under the leadership of one named Markham, designing to
follow himself shortly afterwards. By Markham he sent a mes-
sage to the Indians, saying that the White man and the Red
man should enjoy equal rights in the sight of God.
Not long afterwards he sailed himself with another
company, and landed in America, at a place called Newcastle,
in 1682; and in 1683 he made his first grand treaty with the
Indians. These came from the banks of the Delaware, from
the border of the Schuylkill, and probably from the more
distant Susquehannah. They met around a large elm-tree at
a spot called Shakamaxon, on the northern edge of what is
now Philadelphia. Penn was accompanied by a few Quakers,
all unarmed; while the Indian warriors were adorned in all
their barbaric splendour. He spoke to them of peace and
love, and told them that the English and the Indian should
obey the same moral law, should both be secure in their
pursuits and possessions, and that every difference should be
adjusted by a peaceful tribunal composed of an equal number
of men from each race.
VWilliam Penn and the Indians. 43
S' We meet,' said he, 'on the broad pathway of good faith
and good will; no advantage shall be taken on either side, but
all shall be openness and love. I will not call you children,
for sometimes parents chide their children too severely ; nor
brothers only; for brothers differ. The friendship between
PENN'S TREATY WITH THE INDIANS.
me and you I will not compare to a chain; for that the rains
might rust, or the falling tree break. We are the same as if
one man's body were to be divided into two parts; we are all
one flesh and blood.'
The children of the forest were touched by the message
of love, and cast away their guile and their revenge. They
-, ,,, ,, ." ri,, '
,---. ___ _, ._,_,- ... _
-,- ,::- - ---
-- -: -?_
of love, and cast away their guile and their revenge. They
44 Pets Abiroad.
received the presents of William Penn in sincerity; and with
hearty friendship they gave a belt of wampum as a token of
peace. 'We will live,' said they, 'in love with William Penn
and his children as long as the moon and sun shall endure.' "
"And did they keep their promise?" inquired Ethel.
"Yes," Uncle replied. The treaty of peace was made
under the open sky, by the side of the Delaware, with the sun,
and the river, and the forest for witnesses. The simple sons of
the wilderness returned to their wigwams, kept the history of
the covenant bystringsof wampum, and long afterwards recalled
to their own memory, and repeated to their children, or to the
stranger, the words of William Penn. War waged in the
states around, but not a drop of Quaker blood was ever shed
by an Indian."
Why, Uncle," said Frank, that puts me in mind of the
story I read some time ago about the white feather of peace."
And then Frank told his Uncle and Ethel about a party
of Indians who were out on the war-path, and who approached
a cabin on the borders of the forest, occupied by a worthy
Quaker and his family; As they drew near, the white man
came forward to greet the Indians as friends; and these,
terrible in all their war paint and cruel weapons, were so
affected by the open-hearted. confidence and kindness of the
Quaker and his family, that their purposes of cruelty were
disarmed, and they, who had come thirsting for blood, departed
as brethren, leaving the Friend's humble and peaceful cottage
untouched. They did more than this, for before leaving one
of the Indians took a white feather and stuck it over the
Quaker's door, as a mark to all his fellow Indians that that
house was not to be molested. The white feather remained
TE WI ..1TH OFPA
T-....... WITEFEATE O C E..
'"; i .,, I,-' :- -
J~~i~~l !'.i ','111 i I!" r .=
THE VHIE FETHEROF PACE
46 Pets Abroad.
there, war raged all round, many cruel deeds were perpetrated,
and numbers were slain, but the pious Quaker and his family
dwelt in safety, and slept without fear of harm from their red
The time came for Uncle and his companions to leave
Philadelphia, but before doing so they took rather a long
journey to see the beautiful scenery of the Delaware Water
Gap. Here the river Delaware, after a journey of two hundred
miles through a wild, rugged, and romantic country, forces its
way through the Blue Mountains. The Gap, or rent in the
mountains, is about two miles long, and is a narrow gorge
between walls of rock nearly two thousand feet high. At one
end these walls approach so near to each other that there is only
room left for the river and the railroad. The valley to the north
of the Blue Mountains was called by the Indians Minnisink,
which meant, "Where are the waters gone?" because they
seemed to have disappeared. The two great mountains stand-
ing, one on the west or Pennsylvania side, and the other on the
east or New Jersey side, are named after the Indians, the first
being called Minsi and the second Tammany, the latter being
the name of an ancient and celebrated Indian chief. When
Uncle and his young companions were seated in a small boat,
rowing along the silent river and gazing up at the grand walls of
rcck, or viewing the pretty cascades, as the springs of water de-
scended from the high land to the river, or the delicate ferns
and moss, they were quite enchanted, and Ethel, clapping her
hands, exclaimed, Oh, what a many things we shall have to
tell papa and mamma when we get home again "
When they returned to Philadelphia, Uncle explained to
them that the river Delaware is often frozen over in winter,
Will'iam Penn and the Indians. 47
and told them how a great and powerful steamboat, called the
" Ice Boat," is used to clear a passage through the ice for
vessels to pass.
But it was summer when our young travellers gazed their
farewell glances upon the waters of this beautiful river, and
i :. - --i- -:--:.
--- '- .. .
PHILADELPHIA ICE BOAT.
the bright sunshine danced and sparkled upon its ripples
until they were almost too bright to look upon. Frank and
Ethel turned away, carrying .with them happy memories, and
in the quietness of their own room talked of the many pleasant
places they had seen during their visit to this interesting city.
BALTIMORE AND WASHINGTON.
ll UR youthful travellers would have liked to spend
more time in Philadelphia, had they been able to
do so; but, not being able, they acted, like sensible
young people do act, and forgot all about their
wish to stay in the city they were leaving, in the
joyous expectations of new scenes yet to come.
-*- Bright and warm was the day as they drove
-_ to the depot of the Philadelphia, Wilmington,
and Baltimore Railroad, and took their seats in one of
the large American cars for Baltimore. The ordinary
American railroad cars are very long, having seats with
reversible backs along each side, leaving a passage down the
centre. Each seat holds two persons, and is so arranged that
passengers can either sit facing towards the engine, or each
couple can face another couple, thus forming little groups.
Uncle, Frank, Ethel, and Mrs. Maitland formed a little group,
and gaily chatted as the train went along. They passed
Chester, the oldest town in Pennsylvania, where some Swedes
settled in 1643, and four miles beyond they crossed the
Brandywine River, where Washington's army was defeated in
September, 1777 ; then, after a ride of about six hours, the
train drew into Baltimore, a pretty view of the Patapsco River
having been seen from the windows of the car in passing.
Baltimore is situated on the north branch of the Patapsco
River, fourteen miles above its entrance into Chesapeake Bay
-so Uncle informed his young companions; and Frank, who
had heard of the fierce sea-fight between the American ship
Chesapeake and the British frigate Shannon, immediately in-
T AS TN A B IO
50 Pets Abroad.
quired if they were near the place where that engagement
happened. Uncle informed him that such was not the case,
the action between these two vessels having been fought off
Boston, Massachusetts, in 1813.
Baltimore is a large city, having great smelting furnaces
for copper, which comes from the shores of Lake Superior,
also extensive iron-works, locomotive-works, cotton-factories,
etc., and a growing export trade. A small stream flows through
the centre, spanned by numerous bridges, and, from the
number of monuments contained in the place, Baltimore is
often called the Monumental City." The principal one is the
Washington Monument, which stands on a hill one hundred
feet above the river, and from that rises to a height of two
hundred and twelve feet, somewhat higher than the Monu-
ment of London. On the top is a statue of Washington, which
itself is sixteen feet high. Our travellers went up this monu-
ment, and from the balcony obtained magnificent views of the
city, river, and surrounding country. Ethel got so tired in the
ascent-such a many, many steps to climb !-that, although
she was quite eight years old, Uncle lifted her in his arms and
carried her like a little child.
Next day all went on board the train again, and were
speedily rushing along towards Washington. This city is the
political capital of the United States, and was soon reached,
being only forty miles distant from Baltimore.
The city of Washington is intimately associated with the
great hero of American Independence and first President of the
United States. It is named after him; the site was either
chosen by him or through his agency, and the corner-stone of
the Capitol was laid by him. His desire was to call it the
Baltimore and Washinglon. 5
" Federal City," but the name of Washington was conferred
upon it on September 9th, 1791.
Washington is situated on the Potomac River, and in it
the Parliament of the United States assembles ; this Parlia-
ment being known as the Senate and the House of Represen-
tatives; just a little like the English House of Lords and
THE BRITISH MINISTER'S RESIDENCE, WASHINGTON.
House of Commons. These sit during a portion of the year
only, and while they are sitting a flag is displayed over the
north wing of the building in which they assemble.
Mr. Roverton and his companions after resting for a time
walked through a portion of the city, and passed the hand-
some residence of the British Minister, this putting them in
mind of dear old England and the loved ones at home.
VISIT TO THE CAPITOL.
SS Mr. Roverton and his friends visited Washington
"" while Congress, as the American Parliament is
"called, was assembled, the galleries of the two
Houses were open to visitors ; they had, therefore,
S an opportunity of seeing something of the manner
in which the government of the United States is
conducted. But Frank and Ethel did not care
'r much for debates ; they liked seeing places and
things better, so they were more interested in the
building where the Congress assembled, than in the Congress
This building is named the Capitol, and is the chief
attraction of Washington. It is probably the most magni-
ficent public building in the world. It stands on a hill,
is 751 feet long, and covers three and a half acres. The
centre building is surmounted by a dome, rising 360 feet high,
crowned by a fine bronze statue of Liberty. The main front
has three grand porticoes of Corinthian columns; on the steps
of the central portico are groups of statuary, and marble statues
of Peace and War stand on the right and left of the entrance.
As our visitors passed through to the Rotunda, beneath the
Dome, Frank noticed the bronze door, on which are scenes
commemorating the history of Columbus and the discovery
of America. The pictures painted on the walls, illustrating
scenes in American history, were very interesting to Frank
and his sister, and when they looked up to the lofty ceiling,
180 feet above the floor, Ethel felt amazed at the great
height and vast size of the place.
STHE CAPITOL, WASHINGTON.
54 Pels Abroad.
Afterwards they saw the Library and the other magnifi-
cent halls contained in the Capitol, with their pictures and
statuary; then they went up to the Dome, viewing the fresco-
painting by the way. When they got down again, both Frank
-. _. .. .. .
S and Ethel were tired,
and glad to rest on a
seat in the beautiful
cgrrounds that sur-
round the Capitol.
These are carefully
cultivated and embel-
lished with fountains
THE WHITE HOUSE, WASHINGTON. and statuary. After
resting for some time, watching the fountains and the birds
flitting about, Uncle and his companions returned to their
hotel. They were pleased with their visit, but very tired,
as the day had been a warm one, and Washington is a very
Visit to the Capitol. 55
hot place in summer. As they moved about the city, Frank
and Ethel felt that they had never been among so many black
people before, there being a great many coloured folks in
Washington in the busy season.
Next day they went to see the White House," the Presi-
dent's residence. This is built of stone, and painted white;
hence its name, the "White House." It stands in a beautiful
THE POTOMAC FALLS.
park which runs down to the Potomac. A portion. of this is
enclosed as the President's private grounds, and these are
handsomely laid out, and contain a fountain and extensive
conservatories. Our travellers saw the President, not with a
crown on his head and a sceptre in his hand, like a king or
queen, but a plain-looking gentleman, who was dressed in an
ordinary manner, and seemed quite full of business.
56 Pels Abroad.
While in Washington they took a pleasant drive to the
Potomac Falls, seventeen miles distant from the city. The
scenery was pretty, and as Frank and his sister beheld the
waters rushing along amidst the boulders and leaping over the
rocks they thought they had never seen anything so grand
They also took the steamboat for Mount Vernon, to see
the house in which George Washington spent many happy
years in his youth, the house to which he returned when the
affairs of his country permitted of his retirement to private
life, and the place where he died, after having been twice
elected as President of the United States. They found the
house situated on the Virginia shore of the Potomac, fifteen
miles distant. It was an old one, partly, built of wood, and in
it they saw many historical relics-portions of Washington's
military and personal furniture, the key of the French Bastile,
etc.; they likewise saw in the grounds attached a plain brick-
built tomb, containing the stone coffins of George Washington
and his wife, Martha.
Butperhaps the most interesting moment was when stand-
ing near the house and looking down upon the Potomac River,
Uncle. told them it was there that, one hundred and forty
years ago, George Washington stood to bid his mother good-
bye before leaving for sea in an English man-of-war. "The
great ship lay at anchor in the Potomac, plainly visible from
Mount Vernon," said Mr. Roverton; the lad's luggage was
on board: all was ready for him to sail. Then he turned to his
mother to say farewell. He saw the tears that stood in her
eyes, he noticed her grief-he longed much for the sea, but he
loved his mother more ; so he turned arid ordered his things to
DELAWARE WATER GAP. pagef 46.
Pets Abroad. E
58 Pets Abroad.
be brought back, and gave up his prospects of a sailor's life.
The tall masts of the vessel gradually disappeared behind the
wooded banks of the river, and George returned again to
MRS. MAITLAND'S STORY.
S they were returning and gazing upon the Virginia
S shore, Mrs. Maitland related the following story
of events which took place not far distant, but
-- more than two hundred and fifty years before
.: the time of their visit. She said:
S "A band of Englishmen entered the bay of the
Chesapeake, in 1607, and formed a colony at a
., place on the banks of the James River, which
they called Jamestown. About one half of them
soon died of privation, and the management of affairs fell into
the hands of a brave and able man, whose name was John
Smith. He had passed through many strange adventures in
Europe, had been taken prisoner in Wallachia and sent as a
slave to Constantinople, but eventually escaped, and after
passing through several dangers, reached England in time to
join the expedition then leaving to found a colony in
Virginia. The native chieftain of the country where the
colonists settled was Powhatan, a powerful chief, who had
great influence with the surrounding tribes. The savages
murmured at the intrusion of the white men, but the old chief
disguised his fear and said, 'They hurt us not, they take but
a little waste land.'
Mrs. Mainland's Story. 59
Shortly afterwards Smith started with some companions
upon a journey of discovery up the river Chickahominy, going
by boat as far as possible, and then onward by land. His
companions, disobeying his instructions, were surprised by the
Indians and killed; but he fearlessly showed the savages a
-, A 4 N
I -.. .
POCAHONTAS PLEADING FOR JOHN SMITH.
pocket-compass that he had, and amused them by explaining
its powers. They kept him a prisoner and regarded him
as a superior being, their wonder being heightened when they
saw him impart speech to a piece of paper, by writing a mes-
sage to. his countrymen at Jamestown. Yet they did not know
whether his powers would be used for their good or evil, so a
60 Pets Abroad.
great council met to decide his fate. The grim warriors,
arrayed in their gayest apparel, sat around, and were on the
point of ordering his immediate death. Smith's head was
bowed, and the savage stood by with tomahawk in hand ready
to deal the fatal blow; but then a fair Indian maiden, twelve
years old, named Pocahontas, the daughter of Powhatan,
g-- a f.
WASHINGTON STATUE, RIC-MOND, VIRGINIA.
whose love John Smith had gained, clung firmly round his
neck, and entreated the council to spare the agreeable stranger,
who might make hatchets for her father, and rattles and strings
of beads for herself. Her pleadings prevailed, and not only
was the life of John Smith preserved, but peace was made
between the English and the Indians, and Pocahontas, with
other maidens, afterwards, came every few days to the fort
with baskets of grain for the garrison.
The Mississzii River. 61
"A few years later Pocahontas became a Christian, was
married to a young Englishman, and with him came to Eng-
land, where her beauty and child-like simplicity caused her to
be a general favourite. She died at the age of twenty-two, as
she was about to return to America."
As Mrs. Maitland concluded, Frank and Ethel felt that
they could have loved the Indian maiden. But soon their talk
turned to Washington again, and Uncle told them about the
handsome monument which the city of Richmond has erected
in his honour. This consists of a bronze horse with its rider,
George Washington, placed on a massive granite pedestal,
surrounded by bronze figures of some of the greatest men of
the Southern States of America.
THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER.
DiW ITHERTO our travellers had not taken any really
long journeys by railroad, but now Uncle
7 fl decided to go to St. Louis, and then to Chicago;
L'C i. afterwards returning to New York by way of
"What a long journey I" exclaim some of
^-^ my readers ; and so it was. The first portion, that
to St. Louis, was nearly nine hundred miles; and
as the trains run day and night, and young folks
cannot sit up day and night together, they have
S to go to bed on board the train. So it came to
;. pass that the night after leaving Washington
62 Pets Abroad.
both Frank and Ethel were snugly tucked up in bed, in berths
something like those on the ship. These berths are arranged
on each side of the railroad-car, leaving a passage down the
centre, and are screened from each other and from the passage-
way by heavy curtains looped together down the middle.
At last, after travelling continuously for two days and
nights, the train crossed the Mississippi on the magnificent St.
Louis Bridge, and entered the city. St. Louis is built on the
west bank of that river, twenty miles below its junction with
the Missouri. As Mr. Roverton's principal object in visiting
the city was to see something of the scenery on the Mississippi,
he and his companions paid but little attention to the build-
ings and other places of interest in St. Louis. They noticed
the Court House with its lofty dome and porticoed front in
passing, but the steamboat was just then the great centre of
attraction. This was a large vessel, containing a handsome
saloon and cabins. These rose high above the surface of the
river, and great paddle-wheels revolved at the sides of the
boat. A mighty torrent was that upon which our travellers
steamed along, rough and muddy, rolling onward between
low banks; the vegetation on the banks being somewhat
tropical in nature. Not long after starting they gazed upon
the grand scene of the Meeting of the Waters, where the
Mississippi and the Missouri unite their immense streams and
roll onward for nearly two thousand miles to the sea. Still
forward they went, towns and villages dotting the river's
banks; but soon the scenery became monotonous, and at
Hannibal, nearly one hundred and fifty miles from the point
of starting, Mr. Roverton and his companions left the vessel,
determining to return to St. Louis by the next steamboat.
__-_ __ __ -_
m i l -1' ... .
ON THE MISS P IV
ON THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER.---
'J%-RROM St. Louis, a journey of two hundred and
i*i'*l eighty-three miles brought our travellers to
.-S-j Chicago, the city that was destroyed by fire in
1871. It was speedily rebuilt, and is now one of
the principal cities in the United States, being
next in commercial importance to New York. It
'. is situated on the western shore of Lake
Michigan, at the mouth of the Chicago River, and
railroads run into it on all sides. It has a great
number of grand business stores, and some fine
public buildings; also splendid boulevards run-
ning all round, and joining together the six public parks,
which afford most pleasant means of recreation to those
dwelling in the city.
By this time Frank and Ethel had become somewhat
wearied with looking at grand buildings; they were therefore
more interested in gazing out over the waters of the lake, or
in roaming through the pretty Lincoln Park on the lake shore.
Uncle showed them the great grain-elevators that stood on the
river's bank, similar to that they had seen in Jersey City, but
here there were twenty-four standing alongside of each other,
capable of storing nearly twenty-four millions of bushels of
Chicago is the largest market in the world for cattle and
hogs, as many as four millions of the latter having been pur-
chased, killed, salted, and packed for export in a single year.
As one of the sights is to see the method of killing and prepar-
ing salt pork for transit to various parts, Uncle took Frank
At Chicago. 65
and his sister to see one of the large houses where these opera-
tions were carried on. They saw poor piggy driven up an
incline to a pen at the top, then a cord, hanging from a frame
overhead, attached to a pulley, was slipped over his leg, he
was jerked up aloft, his throat cut, his body lowered into a
E itf' II -b III
TELEPHONE SIGNAL BOX, CHICAGO.
long vat of boiling water, lifted out, scraped, the inside
removed, and then he was hung up to cool. Afterwards he
was cut up, salted, packed and sent away; to be eaten by
papas and mammas and young folks, who were fond of salt
pork; or to be served out to sailor Jack on board ship at sea.
66 Pets Abroad.
As they were about to leave Chicago, and were passing
along one of its streets, they saw a gentleman lying on the
ground, who had met with an accident. Close by was the
telephone signal-box, with a policeman inside, who had sent
a message to the police-station for the ambulance waggon.
This is always kept in readiness at each police-office, horsed
and manned, and equipped with appliances necessary for
taking care of any one who may be ill or wounded. The
waggon came rapidly along, and was soon on the spot, render-
ing succour to the wounded gentleman.
From Chicago our young voyagers commenced to turn
their faces homewards, though they were then nearly four
thousand miles away from papa and mamma. Both Frank
and Ethel had written many letters to their parents ; Frank's
being written iri a bold school-boy hand, and Ethel's being
rather short, because she so soon filled up a sheet of paper
with her scrawling characters. By this time both had become
quite used to railroad travelling, and so looked forward to the
journey of four hundred and fifty miles to Erie without con-
cern, though it necessitated another night passed in one of the
sleeping cars. Mr. Roverton simply proposed to break his
journey at that city, staying there but a short time. They
walked to the harbour, which is situated on Lake Erie, and
strolled through the principal streets, noticing the objects of
interest by the way.
The city is a busy place, having manufactories for
machinery, ironware, railroad-cars, organs, boots and shoes,
etc. It has a large shipping trade in grain, coal, lumber
(trees felled and cut into logs), and iron-ore. In the docks
the vessels are moored alongside railroad tracks, so that the
At Chicago. 67
transfer of their cargo can be made direct to the cars. The
scene looked upon by our travellers was a busy one, and the
smoke from some of the factories put then in mind of the
manufacturing towns of old England.
Continuing their railroad journey next day, Mr. Rover-
ton, Mrs. Maitland, and our two young voyagers skirted the
eastern shore of Lake Erie till they came to Buffalo; thence
they turned somewhat aside to reach Niagara Falls. It was
evening when they arrived there, but as the hotel omnibus in
which they were seated passed over the Suspension Bridge,
just below the Falls, they obtained their first glance at
Niagara, and the roar of the cataract remained with them day
and night until they left the neighbourhood.
WHAT FRANK AND ETHEL SAW AT NIAGARA.
MERICA has a great series of inland lakes,
'I stretching from Lake Superior, in the far North-
/ west, to Lake Ontario, whose waters reach the
---,-:- Atlantic Ocean by the majestic St. Lawrence
S-,;. River. The waters of the great upper lakes-
Superior, Michigan, and Erie-pass into Lake
SOntario, through the channel of the Niagara River,
I which river, twenty-two miles below Lake Erie,
Falls over ledges of rock and forms the cataracts
known as the Niagara Falls. Niagara is an Indian
name meaning "Thunder of Waters," so Uncle informed
Frank and Ethel.
Mr. Roverton had engaged apartments at the hotel named
"The Prospect House"; and when our two young tourists
awoke on the following morning and looked out of window,
such a view met their eyes as certainly they had never
seen before. Slightly to the left was the American Fall, one
hundred and sixty-four feet in height, divided by a small island
called Luna Island. In front was a larger island called Goat
Island, covered with trees, which divided the American from
the Canadian or Horseshoe Fall. Then on the right was the
Horseshoe Fall, extending from the farther side of Goat Island
across to the Canadian shore, this Fall being one hundred and
fifty-eight feet high, and nearly half a mile broad. The river,
in fact, a short distance above the Falls spreads out to the
width of nearly a mile, and is divided by Goat Island into two
streams, the waters of which, passing over great ledges of rock,
form two cataracts, that on the American side being named
What Frank and Ethel saw at Niagara. 69
the American Fall, and that which divides between America
and Canada, the Canadian, or Horseshoe Fall; the name
Horseshoe being given to it because its shape is something
like that article.
Frank, Ethel, and Mrs. Maitland gathered on one of the
window seats and watched the great torrent as it came leaping
and foaming along, until it reached the edge of the precipice,
when it bounded over and disappeared among the rocks
beneath. As it passed over, with a grand curve, the waters
took the appearance of mighty wheels in motion, their surfaces
showing masses of white and tinted foam, causing them to
look like moving wheels of variegated coral, changing as they
fell into festoons of lace of many patterns. Turning their heads
70 Pets Abroad.
to the right, our three friends saw the long line of the Horse-
shoe Fall, and the wide river above, eddying and whirling and
rushing along, until it fell, at the sides simply trickling down
over the rock, but gradually deepening and increasing in volume
towards the middle; at which part it is indented, somewhat
like a horseshoe, and is so deep that on one occasion an old ship
drawing eighteen feet of water passed over without touching
the rock. Peculiarly soft and graceful the mighty torrent
appeared at this spot with its grandly rounded outline, the
waters from one side of the shoe falling against those from
the other side, and all disappearing amidst a cloud of spray that
rose high into the air. Immediately below the spot where our
friends sat was the deep gorge, with its walls of rock some two
hundred feet high, through which the dark river, one hundred
or more feet deep, flowed along; a moderate current on its
bosom only hiding the mighty torrent beneath, which presses
forward until, two miles below the Falls, it rises to the surface
and forms what are known as the Whirlpool Rapids.
The three friends looked and looked again; young eyes
watched the waters, the foam, the dark flowing river below,
and the beautiful light green colour in the centre of the Horse-
shoe Fall; then young hands were clapped, and young feet
bounded and skipped round the room.
Oh, Mrs. Maitland, is it not lovely ?" exclaimed Ethel;
and Frank said, It is just the grandest thing I have ever
And Mrs. Maitland softly repeated the beautiful lines
which a famous poet wrote concerning this scene:-
"Flow on for ever, in thy glorious robe
Of terror and of beauty. Yea, flow on,
NIAGARA IN WINTER.
72 Pets Abroad.
Unfathomed and resistless. God hath set
His rainbow on thy forehead, and the cloud
Mantled around thy feet. And He doth give
Thy voice of thunder power to speak of Him
Eternally-bidding the lip of man
Keep silence-and upon thine altar pour
Incense of awe-struck praise."
But Uncle knocked at the door and said they must make
haste to breakfast, and then all should go to Goat Island and
get a near view of the Falls.
Leaving Prospect House, they kept along the side of the
gorge a short distance till they came to an opening in the
fence and saw a board, on which were the words, Ferry to
the United States, twenty-five cents." By this time Frank
knew the value of American money very well, and told Ethel
that twenty-five cents were equal to one shilling, and that she
might always reckon a cent as a halfpenny. They went by a
zig-zag path down the face of the cliff, and stood close beside
the river, which looked dark, had masses of foam floating on
its surface, and a swift current in the middle. Here they got
into a rowing boat and were rowed across, above the mighty
rushing torrent below, and nearly in front of the American Fall.
Ethel was a little afraid when the boat rocked, but they got
safely to the opposite side, and then went to the top by taking
their seats on a car and following the directions written on a
board, which said, Take your seat in the car and pull the
cord." Uncle pulled the cord, then the car ran up an inclined
railroad, and all were soon at the top.
Here they stood on the rock close beside the falling
water, and threw little pieces of stick into the rushing stream
to see how quickly it was running. Then they walked onward
What Frank and'Ethel saw at Niagara. 73
and passed from the mainland to Goat Island across two
bridges, which span the river just before it leaps over the
American Fall. The impression produced on their minds as
they watched the angry, foaming, rushing waters, leaping
along beneath their feet, dashing onward, and then with
majestic roar falling into the depths below, they could not
easily describe. Frank said, "It beats everything I have
ever seen," and Ethel felt a little nervous and whispered, I
like to see it, but hadn't we better go to the other side?" So
they went forward again and crossed another bridge to the
little rock which they saw from the window of the Prospect
House, dividing the American Fall. Here they stood just by
the great curling torrent, as, covered with foam, it passed like
gigantic wheels in motion over the precipice; and as they
gazed upon it Uncle told them a sad story, how a little girl
fell into the stream from this island in 1848, and both she, and
a gentleman who jumped in to try and save her, were imme-
diately carried over the Fall into the depths beneath.
Next they drove round Goat Island, stopping-to look at
the Horseshoe Fall. Here they went across a little bridge to
a mass of rocks situated at the brink of the precipice over
which the river dashes. These are called the Terrapin Rocks,
and from these the grand wide river can be seen coming on
with a broad sweep, leaping and foaming, then with a tremen-
dous plunge passing into the abyss below. Forward they
passed to the three rocks that jut out into the stream, called
the Three Sisters, and saw the river coming along, rushing
and falling, for a mile or more above the Falls. Altogether
they saw such views of these mighty cataracts that their only.
difficulty was how they should be able to make papa and
Pets Abroad. F
74 Pets Abroad,
mamma understand the wonderful scenes they had gazed
In winter, they were informed, the view is very grand, the
surrounding scenery being covered with ice. Icicles hang like
stalactites from the overhanging rocks, or climb up from those
beneath; while the spray that falls on the trees and bushes is
turned into ice of beautiful whiteness and transparency.
EAVING the Prospect House in the hotel omnibus,
our four travellers were driven to the dep6t on the
Canadian side of the Railroad Suspension Bridge.
Here they joined the cars for Toronto, and, after a
journey of about three hours, reached that city.
Toronto is situated on a beautiful bay on the
north-west shore of Lake Ontario, and next to
Montreal is the largest and most populous city in
Canada. So our readers see that our friends were
now in British territory, though so far away; and the flag flying
over the Government buildings was no longer the American
stars and stripes, but the English flag. There are many hand-
some churches and public buildings in the city, but the finest
is the University of Toronto, which stands in a large park, and
is approached through ah avenue of noble trees.
Mr. Roverton did not intend to stay long in Toronto, but
he took Frank and Ethel down its principal street, named
King Street, where they looked at many of the shops; also
they admired the graceful tower and spire of St. James'
Cathedral as they passed along. Then they went to Queen's
Park, a pleasant and tastefully laid out place of recreation, and
KING STREET, TORONTO.
saw the Volunteer Monument, erected to the memory of the
Canadians who fell in repelling the Fenian invasion of 1866.
But they were thinking more of the steamboat on which they
were to steam across the lake and down the St. Lawrence
River, passing the Thousand Islands and shooting the Rapids
on their way to Montreal, than of anything else.
SHOOTING THE RAPIDS.
/ ,FTER lunch, Mr. Roverton, Mrs. Maitland, and
our two, now seasoned, travellers, walked to the
Swharf and stepped on board the huge river
steamer. This was a great vessel with two fun-
nels, large paddle-wheels, a main deck and an upper
7. deck; along the sides of the latter were small
-. sleeping cabins or state-rooms, comfortably fur-
S-2"' nished, in which the passengers passed the night.
The centre of the upper deck was an elegant
saloon with luxurious couches, easy chairs, and other seats,
and a glass front, so that an uninterrupted view could be
obtained ahead without exposure to the weather.
All the afternoon they steamed along Lake Ontario.
Evening came on, and supper was taken; then Mr. Roverton
took Frank into one state-room and Mrs. Maitland took Ethel
into another, and they went to bed, sleeping peacefully, while
the steamer went onward, over the waters of the lake.
"Early to bed and early to rise," Uncle said must be
their maxim, as the boat would arrive at Kingston by five
o'clock next morning, and all must be up then if they wanted
to see the beauties of the river St. Lawrence. So shortly after
four o'clock Frank was shaken and roused up, and Ethel was
gently awoke and dressed; then all stepped out on deck to
find a clear fresh morning, and the steamer just drawing near
to' Kingston. Shortly after it entered the St. Lawrence River,
and was steaming along among the beautiful collection of isles
known as the "Thousand Islands." The scenery here was
delightful; and later on as the steamer progressed and reached
the different rapids," passing over the ledges of rock with a
Shooting the Rapids. 77
motion as if it were gliding from beneath the feet of those on
board, our youthful travellers were much surprised and thought
the sensation experienced a highly novel one.
On nearing Montreal, rapids, more dangerous than the
others, and requiring very skilful pilotage, had to be passed.
These are called the "Lachine Rapids." The pilot who
STEAMBOAT SHOOTING THE RAPIDS.
guided the vessel through was an Indian, named Baptiste" ;
and all eyes were on the watch to see him come from the
village, Caugknawaga, where he and other Indians live. The
village takes its name from the converted Indians who dwell
there, who are called Caughnawagas," or praying Indians.
Frank and Ethel looked steadily towards this place, and
presently saw a canoe shoot out towards the steamer, paddled
by two Indians, while a third had a pair of oars, and sat in the
78 Pets Abroad.
middle. The canoe- soon reached the vessel, when Baptiste
and his Indian companion sprang on deck, and went aloft to
the wheel-house, where Baptiste in front and his companion
behind firmly held the wheel of the steamboat.
The vessel glided onwards, talking ceased, all looked
anxiously forward. The pace increased, the angry waves
foamed around, and in their midst the huge steamer was
carried forward, with quickening speed, straight towards a
rock, rising a few feet out of the water. A little further and
the boat would be on the rock; but, no, the pilot stood with
clear eye and firm grasp above, and just before the vessel
touched, the wheel spun round, the steamer turned aside,
plunged down the fall, and a few moments after all were
steaming smoothly along in calm waters, with the Victoria
Tubular Railroad Bridge, that spans the river St. Lawrence at
Montreal, fully in view. A little later they passed under this
bridge, and safely landed.
MONTREAL, AND WHAT THEY SAW THERE.
i S Frank and Ethel wandered through the streets of
J% : ~Montreal they did not see much to put them in
mind of the Indian village, called Hochelaga,
which was the forerunner of the present hand-
,:/I. some city. But then that was many long years
S01'^ ago. A Frenchman, named Jacques Cartier,
-,*- arrived in the sixteenth century, and later on, a
': r', French settlement was formed, which was named
after the Virgin Mary-Ville Marie. Then, in
Montreal, and what they saw There. 79
1761, the English took possession of the place, and called it after
its mountain-" Mont Real," or Montreal, meaning the Royal
Mountain. Now it is a prosperous city, with nearly 150,000
inhabitants. So our readers see that although our youthful
travellers were so far from home, they were by no means away
in the wild and lonely forest.
Mr. Roverton took his nephew and niece along the river
frontage, and pointed out the-large ocean-going steamers lying
there; likewise the monster steamboats and the pretty plea-
80 Pets Abroad.
sure yachts. Then they turned into the square called the
Place d'Armes, and entered the Roman Catholic Cathedral of
N6tre Dame, noticing its gorgeous high altar with its many
lighted candles, the shrines of saints,the stained-glass windows,
and, as they left, its two towers, each 227 feet high. Next
they walked along the principal business streets, and saw the
handsome shops and public buildings; and, being market-
day, they watched the curious rough vehicles of the French
countrymen in Jacques Cartier Square, in which produce had
been brought for sale in Bonsecours Market, a spacious build-
ing with a dome that stood near by. Then the new City Hall
was visited, and the parade ground of the Champ de Mars,"
after which, feeling somewhat tired and hungry, they turned
their steps towards their hotel for lunch.
In the afternoon, after admiring the elegant Christ Church
Cathedral (Protestant), with its graceful spire rising higher
than the Monument of London, a pleasant drive was taken
round the Montreal Mountain, whose summit is 750 feet
above the level of the river. An ascent was made to the top,
and a charming view obtained of the city, as it lay at their
feet; also of the noble river, the opposite shore with the Green
Mountains of Vermont, the clear waters of Lake Champlain,
the great Victoria Bridge, and, away- beyond, the Lachine
Rapids; then of a beautiful island, called Nun's Island, and
the dark waters of the Ottawa River. In the opposite direction
the mountains above Quebec were seen, with the country
between, interspersed with farmsteads and patches of forest;
and, like a tiny white streak, a train passing along the Canadian
Pacific Railroad appeared, on its way to the Far West.
The keen air and delightful scenery took away all sense
Montreal, and what they saw There. 81
of fatigue, and Frank and Ethel gambolled about full of glee;
finally they much enjoyed a descent by the long ladder-
like steps, which have been erected for the benefit of those on
Next day Uncle proposed taking his youthful companions
a trip by the river steamboat to Quebec, Mrs. Maitland pre-
ferring to stay at the hotel in Montreal until they returned,
as she was fatigued and needed rest.
--' : ".-v
--_-. -_- .
as she was fatigued and needed rest.
QUEBEC, AND THE PLAINS OF
A, FTER a pleasant voyage of one hundred and
eighty miles down the river St. Lawrence, our
travellers saw the frowning precipice with its
fortifications, these forming the most striking
feature of Quebec. Soon afterwards they landed,
and found a home for the short time they remained
at one of the hotels in the upper town. Leaving
this, they quickly stood on Durham Terrace, at the edge of
the cliff, two hundred feet above the river, and enjoyed the
beautiful views to be seen from that spot. Then they looked
at the grim fortifications, and went to the Grand Battery,
from which elevated site they were able to see the country
around for very many miles. Afterwards they glanced at some
of the convents contained in the city, entering the chapel
of the Ursuline Convent, and looking at the fine paintings
Later on Frank asked Uncle to take him and Ethel to see
General Wolfe's monument, as he had seen the picture of
that brave officer's death. So they went to the Plains of
Abraham just outside the city, and as they stood gazing upon
the modest column which commemorates that hero's death,
Frank told Ethel the story as follows:-
"There was war between England and France in 1759.
The French army was under the command of General Mont-
calm, and was posted in such a manner as to prevent any near
approach to Quebec. But the English forces were led by a
clever and brave young officer named Wolfe, who in the dark-
Quebec, and tIe Plains of Abraham. 83
ness of the night, with his troops, crossed the river St.
Lawrence, and ascended the heights of Abraham. Such a
daring undertaking had not been deemed possible, and when
Montcalm looked out in the morning and saw the British, he
knew that unless he could dislodge them from their present
DEATH OF GENERAL WOLFE.
position the city of Quebec must fall. He therefore led his
troops out, and a terrible battle commenced.
Early in the battle General Wolfe received two wounds,
but he still rushed on at the head of his men. Then a third
ball struck his breast, and he fell never to rise again. But he
84 Pets Abroad.
watched the battle from the rear, with great anxiety, until he
heard the cry, They run! they run !' Then he inquired who
ran, and when he was told it was the French, he said, 'Then
I die contented,' and immediately he expired.
"Indians," continued Frank, "were employed on both
sides, and very great cruelties were often perpetrated. In the
picture which you and I have often looked at, Ethel, you re-
member there is an Indian looking sorrowfully upon General
Wolfe as he lay dying."
Next day Uncle and his two youthful tourists returned
by the steamboat, and the following morning reached Montreal,
where they found Mrs. Maitland quite well and refreshed by
her rest, and ready to commence her travels again.
BOSTON, ITS SIGHTS AND ASSOCIATIONS.
N arriving at Montreal, Mr. Roverton and all on the
steamboat went under the Victoria Tubular Bridg e;
upon leaving that city, he and his three companions
entered the railroad cars for Boston, and passed
through the long iron tube, noticing, as they went,
the many openings at the sides, like windows, for
the admission of light and air.
At first they travelled through Canadian
territory; then, crossing the boundary, they entered
Vermont. As they.went onward frequent views
were obtained of the beautiful Lake Champlain and the
HUNTER IN THE ADIRONDACKS.
86 Pets Abroad.
romantic Adirondack Mountains, with their lofty peaks, numer-
ous streams, and dense forests; where the black bear, wolf,
lynx, and other wild animals may yet be found. On the other
hand rose the Green Mountains of Vermont; then they ran
alongside of the White River, and got charming views as they
followed its course. Pressing still forward, they reached the
sparkling waters of the Merrimac River, which they kept
in sight for several miles.
And at last, after a journey
n_ of nearly three hundred
-- and fifty miles, the train
n l reached Boston, and gladly
the travellers, whose for-
tunes we follow, stepped
from the cars, and sought
rest and refreshment at
their hotel. After a good
night's rest, and a hearty
breakfast, they were quite
ready to begin searching
THE STATE HOUSE. for the many objects of
interest that Boston presents to the eye of the visitor.
"Tremont Street and Shawmut Avenue-why do they
give their streets such queer names? inquired Ethel.
And then Uncle told her that rather more than two hundred
and fifty years ago there was no city of Boston; but the
peninsula on which it now stands bore the Indian name of
"Shawmut," meariing Sweet Waters." At that time the only
white man living there was a clergyman, who arrived in 1623.
There were three mountains, or hills, on this peninsula, and
Boston, its Sights and Associations. 87
the early settlers from this fact called the city they founded
" Tri-mountain," or "Tremont." So, Ethel, you see," said
Uncle, these queer names mean a great deal in connection
with the history of Boston."
BOSTON, FROM THE DOME OF
THE STATE HOUSE.
Then away they all went to the Common, which is a large
open space, prettily laid out with a lake and fountain, and
having many noble trees. At the northern corner of the
Common, standing on Beacon Hill-the remains of one of the
88 Pets Abroad.
"three mountains"-is the State
House, with its colonnade in front and
its gilded dome. Entering, our
-- i : visitors passed into a large hall, in
-. which were a statue of Governor
1 r i -Andrew, some other sculptures, and
i |[ a large collection of battle flags.
'"i i i 'li'i These flags had been borne by the
volunteers of Massachusetts, who
O had left their homes at the time of
the great civil war. Frank and Ethel
FANEUIL HALL. went from case to case looking at these
flags, seeing the broken staves and the bullet-torn colours ; and
Mrs. Maitland sighed as she thought of the many young and
noble men who had marched beneath them to the fierce battle,
and who had never returned to their homes again. Next, all
went up to the dome, where they looked down upon Boston,
and saw the country and sea for many miles around.
Descending and passing again to the Common they
noticed the Soldiers' Monument on Flagstaff Hill, erected in
memory of those who fell in the Civil
War, and, crossing to the Public Gar-
dens that adjoin the Common, they
watched the curiously shaped boats
on the lake, and gazed at the statue
of General Washington standing close
by; also the beautiful monument
erected in honour of the discoverer of
ether as a deadener of pain in surgical
operations. WASHINGTON STATUE.
Boston, its Sights and Associations. 89
1 Boston contains many elegant buildings
-_ J and handsome churches, some of which our
travellers saw; one building they specially
visited was the old Faneuil Hall, the base-
ment of which is now used as a market.
S7"7 Next to Independence Hall at Phila-
delphia this is the building that possesses
the greatest historical interest in the
United States; it being in the hall, over
the market, that the patriots held their
Meetings in the stormy days which usher-
ed in American independence. The hall
contains many portraits, and a large
ETHER MONUMENT. with the inscription
" Liberty and Union, now and for ever."
"Were there any letters from papa?"
inquired Frank, as they left Faneuil Hall.
"I have not yet inquired," replied Mr.
Roverton ; "but we are near the post-office,
so we will go and see."
Then they went to the massive and hand-
some post-office, the finest
building in New England, and
going up to a small window,
Mr. Roverton asked if there
were any letters for him. The
female clerk looked, and
speedily handed him two, one
of which was from Frank's BUNKE' HI NNT.
Pets Abroad. G
90 Pets Abroad.
papa. Passing on, they saw the City Hall, a noble structure,
built of white granite, and at another time the large United
States Custom House, with its handsome porticoes.
Before leaving Boston they took one of the tram-cars for
Cambridge, visited the Harvard University, and saw its
many interesting buildings; especially noticing Memorial
Hall, with its high tower, which was erected in memory of
the students and graduates who lost their lives in the civil
war. Charleston was also visited, and Bunker's Hill, with
its tall obelisk. This is higher than the Monument of London,
and Ethel would gladly have been carried up, but she did not
like to seem a baby, so, with a few rests by the way, she
ascended the stone steps with the others, and gained the top.
Here they found some cannons and other relics of the battle,
which,, in 1775, was fought on this spot, when a small body of
American patriots, fresh from their farms and ploughs, with-
stood the attack of a large British force, aided by some ships
of war in the river, and only retreated when all their cartridges
had been used. The obelisk has been erected to com-
memorate this battle. A statue to Colonel William Prescott,
who commanded the patriots, also stands on the spot where
the action took place; and likewise a stone marking the
position of the fort, which the Americans erected to help them
withstand the British attack. From the top of the obelisk,
the three friends, for Mrs. Maitland was not with them,
obtained a fine view of the country and sea for many miles,
as they looked through the openings in the walls of the
chamber in which they stood.
On reaching the ground again, they gazed for a few
moments at Colonel Prescott's statue, and the stone that marks
Boston, its Sights and Associations. 91
the position of the fort. While doing so the merry voices of
children were heard, who were playing near, running and
rolling on the grass,-a contrast to the sad scene which the
memorials here placed commemorate.
ALBANY FROM THE HUDSON RIVER.
But Boston, like all the other places our travellers had
visited, had to be left, for the tourist has always to be
" moving on," and Mr. Roverton was now going to move
on" with Mrs. Maitland to Albany, on the Hudson River;
and unless Frank and Ethel wanted to be left behind, they
had to move on as well.
THE HUDSON RIVER.
| UR travellers, after a journey of two hundred miles,
reached Albany, the capital of New York State,
distant 145 miles from the city of that name.
Here Mr. Roverton and his companions simply
,--. rested a short time, their intention being not so
S much to see the objects of interest to be viewed
.._ in the city, as to take the steamboat thence down
^ ~the Hudson River to New York, gazing upon
the picturesque scenery presented to the eye of
the tourist by the way.
Embarking on board one of the large and handsome
steamboats that daily make the journey, Frank, Ethel, Mrs.
Maitland, and Uncle were soon steaming along; Albany,
with its buildings and noble Capitol, passing like a panorama
before their eyes. A swing bridge, worked by steam, opened
to let the vessel through, and slowly closed again when it had
gone by. Onward it sped, passing various kinds of craft during
its progress, and also several towns and villages. Then Hyde
Park was reached, a handsome town, built on the east bank
of the river, from which place very pretty views may be obtained
of the mountainous scenery lower down the stream. Next
Poughkeepsie, the largest city between New York and Albany,
built on an elevated plain 200 feet above the river, receded from
view; and, as the steamer went onward across a beautiful bay,
bold and dark mountains rose in front, those on the west
being called the Cro' Nest and the Storm King, and on the
east were the jagged precipices of Breakneck and Beacon Hill.
Further on they passed West Point, the seat of the
National Military Academy. Then came more mountains
THE HUDSON RIVER AT HYDE PARK, NEW YORK.
94 Pets Abroad.
with their bold and rugged sides jutting out into the stream,
and afterwards the river widened to a width of four miles and
formed the beautiful lake, the Tappan Zee.
We cannot state all that Frank and Ethel saw during
this journey; their eyes watched the shores and the river, and
their tongues were seldom still; suffice it to say they were
greatly pleased, and added to the store of information which
was to be made known to papa and mamma by-and-by.
But the steamer went forward, and the bold steep cliffs,
named the Palisades, came into sight. These rise like a wall
of vertical columns and extend for upwards of twenty miles
along the river's bank, almost to New York City. Then the
landing-stage was gained, the huge vessel was made fast, and
our four travellers stepped ashore, not far distant from the
spot where they had at first landed when leaving the White
And now the thoughts of these travellers turned towards
home. Frank and Ethel were longing to meet their parents,
and even Mr. Roverton and Mrs. Maitland had a desire to see
old England again. So after spending a few days in New
York all four embarked on a steamship for Liverpool, and
soon after might have been seen standing on the deck taking
farewell views of New York city and bay, as the vessel pro-
ceeded out to sea.
The return voyage was a pleasant one. When off the
banks of Newfoundland several porpoises and some whales
were noticed, also, as the ship went onward, some sailing
vessels, and a steamer on the horizon, were observed.
So the days passed by, another Sabbath was spent at
sea, passengers sat in deck-chairs, reading and talking, or
-- -- --- --- ku I:
_______________ _____ ______ 'p -~
TH PALIADES HUSNRVR
96 Pets Abroad.
paced about the deck, the captain took observations each day
at noon, until at length the coast of Ireland was neared,
and a sharp look-out kept for the Fastnets Light. This was
soon afterwards sighted, and a few hours later Queenstown
was reached. Then the vessel proceeded to Liverpool, where
our voyagers disembarked and stepped ashore on English soil
again. Then came a railway journey to London, a ride in a
cab, a loud rat-tat-tat at a well-known door, and-well, we will
not undertake to describe the scene that followed. Papa,
mamma, Frank, and Ethel were all together once more, the
young folks received a warm and loving welcome, there was
kissing, and talking, and so much to tell that a great deal had
to be left for a future day.
Thus Frank and Ethel's visit to the United States and
Canada came to an end; but the pleasant memories remain,
and will do so for many years to come.
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