• TABLE OF CONTENTS
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 Title Page
 Acknowledgement
 Table of Contents
 List of Tables
 List of Figures
 Abstract
 Chapter 1: Social and economic...
 Chapter 2: Background and the context...
 Chapter 3: Agroforestry and agroforestry...
 Chapter 4: Socioeconomic and enviromental...
 Chapter 5: Farming and forestry...
 Chapter 6: Summary, conclusions...
 Reference
 Biographical sketch






Title: Agroforestry systems in Acre, Brazil
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00054867/00001
 Material Information
Title: Agroforestry systems in Acre, Brazil variability in local perspectives
Physical Description: x, 154 leaves : ill. ; 29 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Cartaxo Nobre, Francisco Rildo, 1962- ( Dissertant )
Schmink, Marianne ( Thesis advisor )
Hildebrand, Peter E. ( Reviewer )
Buhr, Kenneth L. ( Reviewer )
Nair, Ramachandran P. K. ( Reviewer )
Wood, Charles A. ( Degree grantor )
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1998
Copyright Date: 1998
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Latin American Studies thesis, M.A   ( lcsh )
Agroforestry -- Brazil   ( lcsh )
Agroforestry -- Economic aspects -- Brazil   ( lcsh )
Dissertations, Academic -- Latin American Studies -- UF   ( lcsh )
Genre: bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Brazil--Acre
 Notes
Abstract: This study presents the importance of agroforestry systems and the role they play in the livelihood of two types of producers in the state of Acre, located in the Western Brazilian Amazonia. The study built on PESACRE’s work, a local non-governmental organization, by carrying out a comparative analysis of two rural communities: Grupo Novo Ideal, an agricultural colonist group, and Comunidade Sao Joao of the Seringal Sao Miguel, a rubber tapper group. The work focused on how rubber tappers and agricultural colonist see agroforestry systems in relation to their current production systems, immediate needs and problems, as well as aspirations and hopes for the future. The main field research tools used were the land use feltboard, to map the social and physical smallholders’ resources, and field walks, as a pre=participant observation tool. By using participatory research tools, the study provided opportunities for all family members to express and share their opinions about their livelihood. To address key issues regarding agroforestry systems, it is fundamental to recognize that farmers’ decision-making behavior toward agroforestry systems adoption differs from farmer to farmer. For example, rubber tappers association agroforestry systems with their entire economic system and perceived more “in kind” benefits (food, aesthetic pleasure) of the agroforestry systems introduced by PESACRE than did colonists. The latter were more focused on plantation crop combinations geared toward cash generation and food production. Also, gender aspects were being influenced by the decisions about agroforestry strategies in achieving food security and cash income because non-traditional agroforestry systems seemed to demand more intensive labor from the household. As seen among smallholders in Acre the labor has been reorganized as a means to ensure the necessary labor force for the household’s innovations. Women have had a primordial importance in this “redimensioning” process, especially in the rubber tapper community, even though women have little participation in the decision-making process. Among colonists, women and men shared more equitably the responsibility of the overall production systems under the agroforestry approaches. Marketers also have influenced the development of agroforestry systems I both communities. However, distance to markets was not a major factor influencing agroforestry systems adoption, but rather access to them dictated the agroforestry composition and development. Then, when formulating agroforestry development projects, all questions must be analysed historically, regionally, and locally. Considering social as well as biophysical heterogeneity helps to discover hidden specificities of the effect of agroforestry on the household’s strategies.
Thesis: Thesis (M.A.)--University of Florida, 1998.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references (leaves 143-153).
Statement of Responsibility: by Francisco Rildo Cartaxo Nobre.
General Note: Typescript.
General Note: Vita.
Funding: Electronic resources created as part of a prototype UF Institutional Repository and Faculty Papers project by the University of Florida.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00054867
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002366566
oclc - 39540382
notis - ALX1210

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Page i
    Acknowledgement
        Page ii
        Page iii
    Table of Contents
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
    List of Tables
        Page vii
    List of Figures
        Page viii
    Abstract
        Page ix
        Page x
    Chapter 1: Social and economic strategies underlying agroforestry systems development in the state of Acre
        Page 1
        Introduction
            Page 1
        Problem statement
            Page 2
            Page 3
            Page 4
            Page 5
            Page 6
            Page 7
        Objectives of the study
            Page 8
        Research hypothesis
            Page 9
        Methodology
            Page 10
            Study sites
                Page 10
            Pre-research activities
                Page 10
            Approaches
                Page 11
                Secondary data collection
                    Page 11
                Farm surveys
                    Page 12
                    Page 13
                    Page 14
                    Page 15
        Analysis, significance and limitations of the study
            Page 16
            Page 17
        Plan of the study
            Page 18
            Page 19
    Chapter 2: Background and the context of the study
        Page 20
        Introduction
            Page 20
        Physical, economic and social environment of acre
            Page 20
            Physical environment of acre
                Page 20
                Page 21
            Political economy of Acre
                Page 22
                Page 23
                Page 24
                Page 25
                Page 26
                Page 27
                Page 28
            Agroforestry systems in the state of Acre: A brief history
                Page 29
                Page 30
                Page 31
            The Seringueiros and the Seringal organization
                Page 32
                Page 33
                Page 34
                Page 35
            The agricultural colonists and settlement organization
                Page 36
                Page 37
                Page 38
                Page 39
                Page 40
                Page 41
    Chapter 3: Agroforestry and agroforestry systems
        Page 42
        Introduction
            Page 42
        Agroforestry systems: a land use
            Page 42
            Page 43
            Page 44
        Agroforestry: A discipline
            Page 45
            Page 46
            Page 47
            Page 48
        Agroforestry: A socioeconomic strategy in Acre
            Page 49
            Page 50
            Page 51
            Page 52
            Page 53
    Chapter 4: Socioeconomic and enviromental context of smallholder livelihood systems
        Page 54
        Introduction
            Page 54
        Socioeconomic and environmental context
            Page 54
            Social origin
                Page 54
                Page 55
                Page 56
                Page 57
            Religion
                Page 58
            Social relations
                Page 59
                Page 60
            Diet
                Page 61
            Settlement characteristics
                Page 62
                Page 63
                Page 64
                Page 65
                Page 66
                Page 67
        Environmental and socioeconomic farming contraints
            Page 68
            Biophysical constraints
                Page 68
                Page 69
            Credit
                Page 70
                Page 71
            Market and roads
                Page 72
                Page 73
                Page 74
                Page 75
                Page 76
                Page 77
            Labor
                Page 78
        Intra-household dynamics
            Page 79
            Page 80
            Page 81
            Page 82
            Page 83
            Page 84
            Page 85
            Page 86
        Farmers' goals and expectations
            Page 87
            Page 88
            Page 89
            Case 1
                Page 90
            Case 2
                Page 90
                Page 91
                Page 92
        Ideal farm
            Page 93
            Page 94
            Page 95
            Page 96
    Chapter 5: Farming and forestry systems of the communities
        Page 97
        Introduction
            Page 97
        Agriculture and forestry system
            Page 97
            Swidden fallow system
                Page 97
                Page 98
                Page 99
                Page 100
                Page 101
                Page 102
                Page 103
            Livestock production
                Page 104
            Pasture
                Page 105
            Home gardens
                Page 106
                Page 107
            Plantation crop combination agroforesty systems
                Page 108
                Page 109
                Page 110
                Page 111
                Page 112
            Forestry activities
                Page 113
                Page 114
                Page 115
        Land use criteria
            Page 116
            Choice of land
                Page 117
                Page 118
            Tillage
                Page 119
                Page 120
                Page 121
                Page 122
                Page 123
                Page 124
                Page 125
                Page 126
                Page 127
                Page 128
    Chapter 6: Summary, conclusions and recommendations
        Page 129
        Introduction
            Page 129
        Summary
            Page 129
            Agroforestry systems
                Page 130
                Page 131
                Page 132
            The age factor
                Page 133
            Market relations
                Page 133
            Gender relations
                Page 134
            Ideal farm
                Page 135
        Conclusions
            Page 135
            Agroforestry adoption
                Page 136
            Food security and cash flow
                Page 136
                Institutional, political and biophysical constraints
                    Page 137
                Market accessibility
                    Page 138
            Gender relations
                Page 139
        Recommendations
            Page 140
            Page 141
            Page 142
    Reference
        Page 143
        Page 144
        Page 145
        Page 146
        Page 147
        Page 148
        Page 149
        Page 150
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 153
    Biographical sketch
        Page 154
        Page 155
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