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UFPKY NEH LSTA



The new era
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00054656/00003
 Material Information
Title: The new era
Uniform Title: New era (Gainesville, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ; 62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: W.H. Robertson
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Creation Date: October 5, 1867
Publication Date: 1865-
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Gainesville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Alachua County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Alachua -- Gainesville
Coordinates: 29.665245 x -82.336097 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (July 8, 1865)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1874?
General Note: Editors: J.M. Arnow and W.H. Robertson, July 8, 1865; W.H. Robertson, July 15-Dec. 2, 1865; J.M. Arnow and W.H. Robertson, Dec. 9, 1865-<Nov. 23, 1866>.
General Note: Publishers: W.H. Robertson, 1865-<1867>; M.E. Papy, <1873>.
General Note: "In God is our trust."
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002013766
oclc - 11288614
notis - AKK1121
lccn - sn 84027578
System ID: UF00054656:00003
 Related Items
Preceded by: Cotton states
Succeeded by: Alachua citizen

Full Text




A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER
piuBLISHED1 EVERY SATURDAY MOrNING,
AT" GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA,
BY W, H. ROBERTSON.

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
1 year '- $3 00
For 6 months, 2 00
Always in advance.
S" RATES OF ADVERTISING:
One square, (10 minion lines) or
'. less, for first insertion, $ 1 50
For each subsequent insertion, 1 00
When Advertisements are continued for one
monLh, or longer, thie charge will be as follows:
Number Co I
o-0 0
of
'n~ sa Sw E? .


1 Squares.
1 Square
-2 "
4 '
5
i Col'mn
1


$5 00
8 00
12 00
*16 00
20 00
85 00
60 00


$10 00
15 00
18 00
24 00
85 CO
55 00
80 00


$ 15 oo
25 00
85 00(
40 00
45 00
S80 00
180 00


$ 20 00
85 00
45 00
58 00
60 00
120 00
200 00


Estate and Legal Notices will be charg-
ed at the following rates:
Application for Letters of Adminis-
tration, $ 7 00
Notice to Debtors and Creditors, 8 00
Application for Dismission, 18 00
Marriages and Deaths charged as other
advertisements.


JAMES B. DAWKINS,

",ATTORNEY AT LAW
AND
SOLICITOR IN EQUITY,
.GAINESVILLE, E. FLA. 29

G. J.ARNOW,

ATTORNEY AT LAW,

MICANOPY, FLA.

C P. COOPrER,

ATTORNEY AT LAW,
FERNAND*I-A, FLA. -77 tf

J. C. GARDNER, S Y. FiNLrY.
GARDNER & FINLEY.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
GAINESVILLE, FLA.,
WILL attend.putiCually to all i.u-i-ne-s
whi,--l may be entrusted'to them.


0. A. MYERS,4


Administrator's Sale.
By virtue of an order from the lion. J.
C. Gardner, Judge of Probase for Ala-
chua county, we will sell to the highest
bidder.. before the Court. IHouse Door, in
the town of Gainesville, on the 11th day
of November next, the real estate belong-
ing to the estate of J. H. Burgheim, de-
ceased, late of said county.
The property consists of the Store now
occupied by Savage& Haile, t' e residence
of the late Mr. Burgheim, and a house on
the street leading to the ford. formerly
occupied by Louis Orbits, together with
the land on which said buildings are situ-
ated and by which they are surrounded.
M. G. JOSEPH, Adm'r,
JOHANNAH LONG, Adm'x.
Sept. 14th, 1857. 1-8t
IN PROBATE COURT.
Whereas John R. Beville, administra-
tor of John Lohllair, deceased, late of
Alachua County and State of Florida, hav-
ing filed in my office a written suggestion
of the insolvency of said estate,
It is therefore ordered by the Judge of
Probate of said county that all persons
having claims against said estate appear
and file the same in my office on or before
the 22d day of December, 1807, properly
authenticated according to law.
Given under my hand and seal, this 22d
day of June. 1867.
J. C. GARDNER,
6rn Judge of Probate.


IN CIRCUIT COURT.
SUWANNEE CIRCUIT.-ALACHUA COUNTY.
John T. Dominey, 1
versus
Rachael P. Crankfield,-Ex-
ecutrix of Isaiah Crankfield |
deceased. J
Attachmnent.-Damages $177,00.
The Defendant and all others interest-
ed are hereby notified of the commence-
ment of this suit, returnable to the Cir-
cuit. Court. to be held at Gainesville on
Monday, the llth day of November, 1867,
and to appear and plead, answer or de-
mur to the same.
GEO. J. ARNOW, Plff's At.'ty.
July 3, 186)7. 91-3m


IN SUWANNEE CIRCUIT OF FLORIDA,
ALACHUA COUNTY--TO WIT--IN CHANCERY.
"JAME.i MAHONEY .
vs. Bill for Divorce.
1ABY A. MAHONEY )
IT tipp.earing to the satisfaction of bhe
Court by the return of the Sheriff,
in the ahb v e netilpd ,1fan tsie t t.hit dp-


I\ pendant, Mary A. Mahoney, is not to be
,', fu| l e1 l, fund'irgtlis County, and residing beyond
--. _h iJ .risdiction of tlis court,.
.0 A \l J.NES ILEL2 blt. .. .f. -icitor. tiit, notice-be giver& ;y '.p biica'
ft~ rC"-+ **. 1-.a^.4 i-- .." tair--- -. icc~ l in ^'i ~. n. rws'paiper. pub-
,B-t, , n ' RC.. _. ^B\ 1E -l"?,.l ,ni ,-q- .Juiia Distriet, once a'iL" '.
I .. .. J. 'u d a-"tr-" oc week far three orn 'ths, requiring. lie
,. :"- S.*-- 7. -.irt- ""-- '!-- .. -S-- -,.-.,L?.'."-::-;'(lt." ^-'._ 'J.ai,-r'-,at the
'a J T t )- R IN R g Y A f I LtA V (' ., u -i i ni,.e i te : t t he
f. A ': .Mondayia'Augst A,. D.-1667, and plead,
T v. .'T E, LL'E-F .. .4L L .n r.rFt' ,ur 'R, complainant's bill


S T M. HENRY. -R. W."WALKtR
: '*-LA'W.CAlX>.- ,;
S, r. SPENCE R,'
A tao -ey-at- L arw,
G .. A ALNESVILLE,B FIA.
'" Associated .witta'.Henryy, & Walker, of
S-'. ahhington' Ciiy, "D..C., Attornies ,and
Agents for the Collec bn of Claims, and
transaction of all. kindgof'business before
ihe various- Deparimenis. ',Will attend
Promptly vJ. (U '.-'ori',n of Pension
-iolls and. the prosecution .of claims for
p r{>p eC 'tj ,:& .; .. : < '. ;
J- iJAly 6th, 1866. 49-tf

A.A.KNIHT,



Soliitoer in Chancery;
_AND .
('Cornnilessoner .Fothe Slff,''cnt ,'.t-, .
LAKE'. CITY, FLORIDA.
Will practice, in all the&State.and Fed-
eral Courts'in Fvurid-i.-and 1"i the Su-
.. preme Court of the United States, and
collect claims against theGeneral Gov-
ernment. ; : 75 tf.

SmIallwood, Hodgkiss & Co.,

-.bTTOK. FAbATORS
\ "' ."' '. "" AN.l> ." .- .

GENERAL ..COMMISSION


No. 10 WEAVER %7T., NiEW YOUK.

J. Li Snsallw...h:1. f,.rmerlv 'mnallwor.,d. E.'ri,- iE
.-: Co.'arr .I L '?u,-i .....-:l' ':..Nei r k.
"" Thos. H. Hu',jas-.. G.'V.. ,'.;t Fl',:rda, CSo:,tL Co., Nw
DH.. Pe.e.le. Gemtgs ) York.,

'WE, are preparedd, thrnugh' resident
A gents, t(o-*'dvince. n .and., sell Cot-
.n: ton in all uthe S"'urhf'nPrs, or forward
'-from'these PRort. 1o New t Yot or "
,I1.VTERPOd.I DIRECT,
as our friends may prefer. O'ur connec-
tionsip Liverpqol are' uch as will give
our cuitonierw ail ihe ava'niages .Df -thajt
juiafrket.'. 'pply' to "
Q.. o$ Itt :Co., )
e TAL' AHASSEE,, F'LA.:
Septenter..Sl, 1.86. y


:.. deffreysjc Brother,

S.0cmmisslan 16- Forwardn'

-MER CI-1ANTS,
AlVE.; OPENED' AN. OFFICE AND
5 .W. ,REIOU'SE IN
Ana ill We- plea-d to serve their patron
eiLber here, ort at Jacksonville.; con
*.- cldlctiDg bugini'sa i~bonhipiaces. -75tf


of comlpaintA, otherwise it witl be taken
as confessed. *
Witn-- A. P:. Bevill. Clerk of our
said ('.u:an ;Ind seal otf office this 22d
day o.' Mly, A. D. 1867.
*.*' S. P. BEVILL,
May =:5- Clerk.


'. NOTICE. .
OFFICE FLA. RAIL ROAD Co.,
'E"E.RNANDINA, April 10th, 1867-4
The'ttention ofCohsignees of-.F'Fbight-
over bris"'Road, especially at the.,,Gaines-
,ville Depot, is- again called to an order
heretofore issued from' thisOfmice upon'
the 'subject of godss received at the
Depots. I I .
btorago at the'rate of 25 per cent willl
be.charged upon all goods remaining in
Depot'over'48 hours. .
This is rendered net.essary to makee,
room/'for goods constantly arriving, and-
will ble strictly enforced. .. -
J. C. wrCKLIPFE ,.
'79 tf .. Ass't Supt. Fia. R :'"'.


-. -.'.. NOTICE. *
Six months after date;Itwill present'
my accounts and vouchers' to the Hon.,
Juid 'f Probate of Alachua County and-
asc to'be discharged from further admin-
istration-of ti'e Estate of Wiley S. Bea-
nett;'.deceased. -
MATILDA BENNETT, Adm',x.,
June lst,'1867.:


NOTICE.
IX months after date application wili
-S be made to the. HonrableJ-uud-e i.f
"Probato 'of Alachuf' County, for- a t in I
setthement-writh the heirs of ilie t*.t,t'l
A. McHin, deceased, of Alachua c.,oiny,
and for dismissal from furtheradmi-nis-
tration 'on Said estate. .. 7
S. B -McIeAN,'
-May 25-6m Executor.


N .O TI .C'E .. '
Sx weeks after dael. will irake appli-
cation to'the Judge 'of Prpbate of Alaehua
county for letters 'of adm.iisqration on
the estate of Norinagr"'ilkers.on, deceased,
'late of said cur,11 .'. .
Asg. 31st, 867 IC. I ,',M N..u*


S NOTICE.. ... .
U t ds after date application will'
I be mde to -h664..'J,,ge uf Probate of.
Alachua County, for'lave to"sell the real
Estatebelonging. to the Estate of John G,
IRawls, deceased.' -
SMARTHA RAWLS, Adm'tx."
: JOHN R, BEVILL, Admrat.,.
August 26 99 4t.


NOTICE.
,.IX MONTHS after ,date,we will present
S our accounts sAnd vouclhrs to the Hon.
,Judge ocf Probate''of Alachua County for
"a.final settlemeit-o the estate of JohtiH.
JBurgieim, deceased, late. of said county,
'andat the sameotime ask to be discharged
fom the further administration Of said
estate. r -
S"": :GM. -. J.OSEPH, Adm',..
-,: JO HANNAH LONG, Adm'x;
SApril 6th, 1807


NOTICE.
Thirty days after date, I will apply to
the Hon. Judge of Probate of Alachua
County for leave to sell the real estate
belonging to the estate of Wmin. E. Ste.,
phens, deceased, late of said county.
JOHN K. STEPHENS, Adm'r.
$, 8t. 21, 1807.. .-;. 2,4t*


Phillips and Mr.,Sumner, 'of the Uni-
ted States Senate. .
"The writer isof Revolutionary and
Historic ancestry.. Your reply on its
mqaits and other.advantages .ibfor pres-
ent necessities of our people and'sqates,
is earnestly requested at your earliest
coknyvenience, but not for publication.
Very respectfully,
B. H. PAYNE."
Direct to care of Payne, Jones & Co.


From the Greenville (S. C.) Southern Enterprise.
UHERE THE NEGRO CAME FROM.
lessrs. Editors :-I herewith send
you, for publication, the subjoined
correspondence,' in reference to a most
extraordinary pamphlet, recently is-
sued from the Press, entitled--'The
Negro : What is his ethnological sta-
tus ? Is he the progeny ofH1am ? Is
he a descendant of Adam and Eve ?
Has he a soul ? or is he a beast in God's
nomenclature ? What is his status,
as fixed by God in creation ? What
is his relation to the white race ?"-
The author undertakes to prove, from
the Bible, that the negro is a beast,
without a soul! That he was created
by God, with the other animals, be-
fore Adam anti Eve That the negro
was the serpent who seduced Eve to
eat of the forbidden fruit I That the
"sons of God," spoken of in Genesis,
were the descendants of Adam, and
"the daughters of men" were the
children of the negro This misce-
genation was so offensive to God, that
he caused the Flood to destroy the
World. The negro went into the ark
with other animals. The apostle Pe-
ter, is quoted for authority, that there
were but "eight souls in the ark."-
Noah and his wile, his sons and their
wives, composed the eight; hence the
negro has no soul! That miscegena-
tion took place after the Flood, which
caused the destruction of the Tower of
Babel, the slaughter of the Canaanites,
and the destruction of the cities of
Sodomn and Gomorrah. '.
The writer shows conclusively,, that
neither l1am, nor#Canaan, nor. their
descendants, were ,i,:,,.u.L.. blt white
persons. He shows wl.atj.l-'ji,,'etvnlts
have been brought about by slavehold-
ers, fieau Abrahamn to General Wash-
ington, and'honcludes by',-a-i that
cffmu'^I L' rf
be .'.Itl ',nre- by jud-'l-7 iTrnt' ,|T..
misceociKittii, is the hiig-t tffence

emitted. flu ,ver e le murder
of Abel. and'the incest ofiLot; but the
mixture of men and beasts he could
not, and cannot overlook,"
The writer i-a man oflearningand
great Biblical knowledge, and writes
well. I do not endorse his views at
"'ll .a.will be seen by. my letter in re-
-ply.te Mr. Payne. But it would be a
little funny if the fanatical Black Re-
publicans North, should do as the no-
torious Helper has' done, 'fom one extreme to the other, and
'become the proselytes of this book..

S NAsIIVILLE, July 29, 1867.
i&s Ececellenewy Gov. Periy-Dear
Sir :-By this mail 1 send you a pam-
phlet on. "the uecro," said by all our
ablest scholars and 'Biblibdcan students
to be the most extroardinary document
that has appeared since the flood, the
Divine Writings -excepted, and to'bl.
unanswerable, irrefutable and true.
SIt.will compel all to revive their
Biblical and historical knowledge from
the creation to the flood, dnd from the
flood to the settlement of Canaan, by
the Hebrews, under-Moses and Aaron,
and m'ust-change the'opinions of the
world in regard to the negre toto ceolo,
and -make the destiny of our country
turn on its rejection or assumption.--.
Dr. Lillenthal and wise Professor A-
gassiz et al think so. -
"It has been stereotyped, and- the
.State of Ohio has ordered 100,000 co-
pies for distribution, and New York a
much larger number,;and will be dis-
'tributed generally all over the North
first, and'then to come South. Only"*
a few private copies' are& keing now
se t South', to 'leading citizens to ob-
35'1n their opinion of it, and whether
^Kd the South now or when. -For
tl. view it is sent to you, and your
.opinion of its truth or falsity desired.
If it can be Qverturn.ed, the writer
iwish'es it done, and for this purpose
has sent a copy, and written..-a request
to Messrs: H. W. Beecher, Wendell


I will make himn'a help meet ftor him.
And the Lord .God caused a deep sleep
to fall upon Adam", and he -slept, and
He took-one of hip ribs and closed up
the flesh thereof. And the rib which
the Lord God 41ad taken fron, man,
made He a woman, and brought her
unto the man." This was all after
the first creation in seven days, and
after God had rested Qn the seventh


GREENVILLE, S.C., Aug. 5, 1867.
B. H. Payne, Esq.-Dear Sir :
I have received your letter and pam.
phlet, and thank you kindly for the
same. I have read the pamphlet with
great interest. It is, indeed a most
extraordinary publication, and will as-
tonish the religious world. There are
portions of it, in reference to the des-
cendants of Ham, unanswerable, and
must put to rest forever the idea that
he or Canaan was converted into-ne-
groes by the curse* of God. Many
other parts are plausible and seeming-
ly logical. But the main point, that
the negro is a beast, without a soul, is
bold assumption, contradicted by rea'
son and observation. -
That the negro and white man have
h-Ad the Ame origin, and are descend-
il from the same parents, is sheer
nons6.ise, in my opinion, contradicted
by a thousand unanswerable facts and
arguments. "The negro, is no more
the brother of the white man than the
jackass Is the brother of the horse, or
the .owl is the sister of the eagle."
heree have been different creations
qf men anid animals since the earth was
formed. The latter fact, is incontes-
tably proven by geology. The remains
of a great variety of animals, which do
not now exist, have been fund in the
earth; and still no vestige has been
discovered of" many others which now
live. 3Iin i- evidently a much later
creation than animals, or sonime vestige
of him would have been found with
the remains of birds, and animals, and
creeping things of which the bowels
of the'earth are-full,. Instead of one
creation.-of man there have been, per-
haps, a dozen, all'of recent dates, comn.
jfiard with. the- cratiton of the earth,
'-lIint,, fowls, fishes and animals. And
all the,1 5eaUtiofV man have been


=. .e I e, I ,I mp ,m.
giod rcts.,.,: ng with an As j,.a ,

The oat, t pr,libtard ard liouie'`all-
of one class of animals..- The -Pegro,
Indian, hinanamen' and Caucasian, are
likewise, all one class of-huaian beings.
But.theyare.-do mWuor, kn.to each oth-
er, than. the. cat is' to. the lion, or the
jackass to the ,horse, the owl to the
eagle, or the perch to the shad. Nor
have the negreis descended from the
white mad, any more than'the cat from-
the lion, theojackass from the horse,
the.pwl from the eagle, or the perch
fro*n the shad. These different varie-
ties of man, animal s and fishes, were
created by God as they now exist.-..
This is proven inexorably' by history
,as weil as science. For five thousand
years past, history teaches us that there
-has been no0hadow of change in the.
differentvarieties or' species of men,
animals, birds, fishes or creeping things.
-.They exist now as they did then.-
There has not been :the slightest ap-
proach on the part of the cat .to be.
come a lion,,or the jackass- to become
a horse, or. the owl to become an eagle,
era negro to become a white man.-^
The representation of the negro in
Egypt four thousand years ago, and
his muminy of as ancient a date, are
perfect types of the negro of the pres-
ent day. His woolly head, his black-
skin, his'face, body and limbs were
theo precisely what they ate now, and
what they we're when created by the
Almighty hand. In the Bible we
have three distinct 9treations mention-
ed. In the first, "God said, let us
make man in our image, after our like-
ness"-"Male and Female, created He
them." In thu second chapter, of Gen-
esis we are informed that, "there was
not a man to till the ground." This
was after he had. made man, ".male and
female created He them." We are
informed then that "the Lord God
formed man of tle dust of the ground,
and breathed Into his nostrils the
breath of life, and man becaine a liv-
ing soul." "'And the Lord God said,
it is not good that man should be alone,


rooouy eise J. woatid-so. soon join for--
tunes with'again'-s you.". '
"That's the way to talk-. .I'F now
bid you good-bye, hoping that- no ae-a
cident will happen to the other .fel-
low, and that he will live long to en-
joy your delightful society.. Good
day." ." .
And the careless husband traveled
off, with his knapsack on his back,
whistling, in cheery, clear tones, "The
Girl left behind me." -

A MODEST WIDO W.
The following story. concerning an
amiable and modest widow; lady who
resides in Maso'n county, anad in whih.-
our'old. friend, Fred. 'Weeden, 'the"
sheriff, figured conspicuously, was told
to us a few days since, and which we-
think is too good'to be -lost. '-.It up-
pears that soon after the widaw's hus-
bp.nd had'paid the. debt of nature,-
leaving-her his legatee, a claid was-
brought against the estate by 'his
brother, and a process was served-upon
her by our sheriff, who, by .lte'r'ay,
hIppens to be a widower* of middle
agoe. She was much alarmed, and'
meeting.with a female friend, she ex-
caijned -with. agitation.' "What do
you think ? the sheriff has been after
me!" "Well," said the considcratV
lady, with perfect coolness', "fieis a
very.fine 'xman." "But her- sas. he^
'has an attachment for me," repliU he.
widow. "Well, I havelo"ig'sU&pced
that he was attached to you, my dear."
"But you don't understand, he 'says I
musj'go to court." Oh 1 that's quite
another affair, ir.y child; don't you go
so far as -that, it is.his place' tb come
and cou-t you."-Ex.




mote c'spieuously into notice .eory
year. In that State 1000 vines are
planted upon one'i6cre of ground, hnd .
tftr the lapse of four years these-vines
yield- one-half gallon of wine each,' or
five hundred gallons to the acre. As
a-large portion of the State is especial-
lyadapted to vine culture, this branch
of'industry there is capable of almost
indefinite expansion. The statistics
given by county assessors, with refer-
enue to the vines under cultivation
and-thc product in wine, are'widey.at.
variance with the estimates of those
in 'ie tradp. 'The whore numfbe%'of
vinesin California at the end of.the
"eari 1865, is reported to have been
40J,172,f659, while the county assessors
only give 16,220,905 for the year fol. '
lowing. The San" Francisco Market*'
Review carefully analyzes the various'a
statements furnished, and after mak-
ing large deductions for possible errors,
aud for vines that are young, and,
taeretbre, non-producing, also for
fruit consumed in its natural state,
arrives at the conclusion that the crop
Xor 1866, yielded .8j369,768 gallons,
without including the yield of some
2,000,000. vines in certain counties,
of which the assessors gave no returns,
fThe aggregate value.of wine manu-
facture in 1866, was $5,880,000.-
An Item of such importance cannot
ong- be overlooked.

Girls kiss one another, hug one
other, but never marry one another,
if they kno.w them es.-. -


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"IN GOD IS OUR TRUST."



Volume III.-No. 4. GAINESVILLE, FLA., SATURDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 5, 1867. Whole Number 104.
';- Whole iu' be r 104


day! This creation of Adam and and thereby injure the State. What
Eve was after He had created man ; we.now want infthe Southern States,
"male and feniale created He them." is an industrious, intelligent and
The Bible was not intended to in- thrifty population.,wbo..will build com-
struct us any more in ethnology ahd.'ir-.ri.d.le houses, plant .uorch'ards, erect
natural philosophy, than in astronomy 'thachinery, and develop the hidden
and geology. It is an inspired book resources of the country. This the
of religion and morals and nothing negro never will do. There may be a
more. Science and philosophy it does few exceptions, but so few as not to be
not pretend to teach. 16 was notne- worth considering. Whilst the negro
cessary that they should be taught to continues to hire himself as a lai6brer
man, either for his happiness in this to the c&-fon planters, he maiy add to
life, or the world to come. And all the wi,.ath of the State, if he does not
oI man's wonderful explorations in the toai's own; others will be benefitted
mysteries of nature, ogb teach him by his labor, if. he himself is not. But
how utterly ignorant l],c F. f God's this will not continue, as I have al.
universe. The earth, instead of hay- ready said. The experience of Jamai-.
ing been created six thousand years ca and all the other West India I's
ago, has existed, 'beyond all doubt, lands, where the negro has l:oeeh'. et.
tens of thousands of years, a -,'wvu, free, proves Qiis fact. The history of
incontestably, by geology. Aid int;ll the negro" in" the Northern States
probability the earth is of a very re- where he has been free for more than
cent origin, compared to that of the half a -entury, shows that he will only
world. In bulk or space, it is not.to work enough to obtain a bare subsist-
the world that a grain of sand would ence. He does not grow rich there'
be to the earth. The stars, instead of or accumulate property. As it at.-all
being made "to shine on the earth," likely that he will do better in tlT'
were made suns illuminating other Soutbern States ? The history of the
worlds like ours negro in Africa, where he has always
The negro is not a mere beast with- been free proves the' same thing. I
out a soul, as this pamphlet would do not believe, therefore, that three or
teach us, but 'an inferior species of four miliionsf negroes in-the course
man, as the cat is of the lion and the of, a fw years, will-make more than
zebra of the horse. But arc createdF I.rire sabsiktencde.-And'if they con--
by God, as they now exist, perhaps at ft'ue here, to the exclusion of other
different periods, for wise purposes.- labor, the Southern States are dest'in-
And it is as muh, impossible to make ed to poverty and misery.
a white man or an Indian out of a ne- I am with great respect,
gro or his descendants in a thousand yours truly, &c,
years, as it is to convert a. cat into 'a B. F. PERRY.
lion, or a jackass into a horse, in the A COOL HUSBAND.
same space of time. God's creations T .o -. ,
.. 'There is one sensible marriedj man
cannot be changed by time, or circum- .,i at. i. a,'am-
S .. in this tate.- He is a sod-i.Or,'ard
stances,: or human skill or science. As w-. .. i., ,
;-<- was reported t0nhave beep k.'led, but
they were, made, so must they con- w o -.- ..H -' *, rne
was only ,-a prisoner. He returned
tinuae, in all their essential characteris- home to fi that hi wif .had tirnd
tics. The Chinamen-have 'for thous- overa i l fijn thJ_*ntriate -r
A'*^S d f years compressedthe..feet.of ...'t.h-.., .at f .cuie.
-. ,8 rfv v^c.,, pn..haf,=anotne r mmf--occU-pled'-
bhel, enbut all children are horn vc ile...
women.. ; ': -n seat it~l~'J~r". ney't~u,' m
-' *~n):curLI. bd
in
s ivr~'i^^!^^!., ,r^Infyg~7%!~i ne.# L~^o
If the nero i to have the .rihter o "w",elo I&-. ''
sunrage a,, equal;t.y wIeT '* eheh-. ",-'
n t al waIV, ,rcs on "fr rutty gcod Bill said fhe double-
man, politically, a'war of races; soonermarewonotaknbckra-
an .or _ae tm a r e O married woman, not taken aback great,
or later, must -inevitably ensuo,.and .
one or thQ other exterminated in the "Which, d- o a, t. o
.. .. "W cn do you prefer, the'old or
Southern States. That. slavery can the new love ?"
ever be restored, or the negro re-en-.. Sh esitatedor an instant, and
-,,. .j, C, .0*, She hesitateds o nisat^n
slaved, isas impossible as it would be then gaid
impolitic and unwise. That the whole- "I don't like thur yo'. feelings,
race can be sent all at once to Africa, but -but-" ''
is impossible. What then can- be done ih, spit it ri-ht nd
fourth? )-spi i rihtoat. Don't mn
for them? common sense andmreaison my feelings nor the other chi.,'s -I:I
would answer : Let them remain in o' te agry if you
_we t be angry if yo ru conje down a
the Southern States,as free men, enti- 'ltle rough on my Vaniity Count on.
ti... ., ',little rough- on my vanity. .Count on.-
tied to equal rights, in the protection- -me si- n g a '. u u p
me as being amiable. Won't cut uip
of their lives, property and liberty, be- rusty ifyn sh- uld go ak ." .
Srusty i yu should go back me.'
fore the law-but do notforceon them glad you're so t-ou'htful
~~~J -, i J glad .you're so thoughtful
political rights, which they are incapa- Bl' d I ko ",- ta I d 0 -
1 o** t Joill, a 'id I acknowlage that Icote'
ble of exercising wisely or prudently. m -" ,. .. ---..
..... .. -" my prsent niusiuand ,te:t; bat-if any .
And in the exercise of which must re ,- r shoul- ,ha 4t; I
t t thiug-shouldi.rai to him, I knlw,
sult their destruction. T -- .,


ROW


The next best plan of disposing of
the negro, which suggests itself to my
mind, is to colonize them, in one or
or two.States, as a'separate or distinct
community, or- nation, as has been
done with the India i he lands
may be purchased by the Government
for this purpose. *If they could be
sent to Liberia, and supported there
for twelved months, it would be infinite-'
ly better. Could not this -be done in
the course of ten or twenty years ?-
That sent first would make provisions'
for other who are to fellow.
The labor of the negro in the South-
ern States, as a farmer, will be utterly
worthless in a few years. They. will
soon cease to hire themselves to wprAk
on large cotton plantations, as they
have done in Jamaica to work on the
sugar plantations. This is too much
like slavery to be continued any length
of time. The natural desire of the ne-
gro, in the Sbouthern- States, will be,"
and must be, as it has been in Jamai-
ca, to be master of his own time, and
indulge his own idle inclinations and.
pursuits, This he can do, as soon as
he is able-to get "a shanti'" and "a
patch,"- where he, may possibly eke out
a'miserableexistence. Citizens of this
character can not possibly 'add to. the
improv.em'ektt or help td enricla dcoun-
try. It.matteir not, whether there
are five th6usan4 'or five hundred
thousand such laborers in a State, they,
will not increase the prosperity of the
State, or add' to its wealth. On the
contrary-will exclude other laborers,


'T .


*4


*


IIMETHINcf NEW fM H
SAccording to the Paris cO.
ent of the Loudon' Sthr, the m
Zouave in Paris, whose 'gifts of l
ing rival those ofDr. N'ewton, w,
was much talked of in New Yorr
some time ago. The Star's corres ii-
dent says: -, ."- -
The great-novelty of' the day, and
the subject of all conversatirwm, is tb h-' 2,
in i racul'.ius giftfofhealing pui:se sd.by .
a Zouave'of the nwine of .'accol.,, whd,
by the mere exsre:ise of hiswill, per-
forms daily the' most .ext'raon:dii:iary
cures of paralyzed persns, who' f;,r
years have been unable to 'nove with-
out assistance. The Zouave. receives
o payment for the boon he confers;
be is perfectly unassuming in manner,
and does not attempt to explain -by
what means he accomplishes the curos
he undoubtedly effects.' His regi-
ment is quartered at Versailles, but .
in consequence of the difficulties the/"
poor experienced in reaching the onljy
portion of this barrack in which .he
was allowed to receive his patients,th'e
Count de Chatteauvillaid, himself a
parallytic, offered him the use of-ser,-
eral rooms in his hotel, where Zouave
Jacob daily administers relief to thou-
sands who flock-"from all Varts. The
Connt publishes'in La Petite Presse
a plain statement of his own experi-
ence in the efficacy of Jacou o influ-
ence. He drove in 'his carriage, aa,
companies by his wife, to'the: manu-
factory of M.IDu Noyft, where Jaceo'b
was engaged with several poor anddis-
abled patients. The Count, who .h1d
been paralyzed for years, was -tlp, o,
ed by his footman and a workman,
who -ili:'jlv lent him his arm-from
his c'-,'iage to the room, where he
was.allowed to take a place in thle cir..
cle of the sick surrounding ojacob. .
Persons were being transported qon -
litters carried in men's arms to'his- "-
presence, many being so utterly lihej.-
less as to be unable to6sit upright; 'a'nd
only able to support themsetlves'by
leaning.against each'other. As soon
loom was full, Jacob'entered,
':,ii.r.,d : "Letno ore speak until I
question him, or I shall go away."-
Perfect ilence ensued.: Th& Zouave
then wentrtrom..one. sick person to
another, telling each ex'acily the -dis-
ease from which he or..she wts suffer-'
ing. Tlhi.n*to the, paralytics he sim-
ply said "Rise." The fount, being
of the number, arose, and that without
the slightest difi-,:lft. In about
twenty minuttes Ja'cob dismissed the
crowd. 'M. De Chateauvillaid walked
to his carriage without the slightest-
difficulty, and when his wife, wished
to express'her gratitude to Jacob, he
replied that he had no time to listen,"
for he had other patients to attend to.
Medical mren are themselves taken by -
surprise, but the facts are not contra-
dicted.

A LESSON OF TRUST.
Some time ago a boy~was discover
in the street, evidentlyzright and
telligent, bat sick: 'man, who
'the feeling of kindness stro'nigly
*'wprA went t~nenlr w~iat'e wasJ^ H
thie~re.. 4- q- _
- "Waithmo for God to come for me,"



.4ake e.C .d,
of tL'e bv, in whose eve and flusWT
face h'e saw the evidence of fever.,
"God-sent for mother and father,
and little'brother, sad he, "and took
them away up in the sky; and mother
t6ld me. W4en she-was sick, that God -
would .cme far me'.. I havoc no""hotne,
nobo'.j.give me anything, and so I
came "hei.re, and have, been looking
so long .ia the sky for God to come and
take dare of me, as" mother sait he'
woul. tie will come, won't he ?-
Motheiqever told a li." .
"';?s;y lad," said the gentdcman,
OtMrc'0i_ '-w-th" emotion. "He -ias.
segtume' t,, take oare of .you."
, Y'6.4" fl,'ist', he smile of Iriinmph break
vvr 1 face, ashe s aid--
'"Mot-hir sever told a lie, sir; but
yfopf have been so long on the way !V
hpt a; le-sosuf trust and how this
ineri, lphw3 (the effectof never d'e-
c eili i ,hr j df er i w ith ta le's. '

Te CAttFeiteIArst A fINE.hoOUNTRY.
The wvine interest of'California comes




STATE CONVENTION.-The Consti-
SH tutional Union State Convention of
r Florida assembled in Tallahassee on
FOATURDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1867. thle25th ult.,five counties only being
W. ROBERTSON, represented. Though the attendance c
w. BOBERTSO, o. of delegates was small, the spirit man- 1
JOHN A. GRUBB, ESO., ifested was excellent, and it is a mat- c
Is our authorized General Agent to pro- ter of deep regret that there was not a
eare and receipt for advertisements and larger representation present. We v
subscriptions for the Nsw ERA. are of the opinion that the Convention I
was premature, and if the call had e
Mexican correspondence declares been delayed tthe had
that annexation to the United States is been ordered, a much larger attend- I
generally looked for and desired. an oud probably have been ob-
ante would probably have. been ob- ir

Gen. Grant's father is speaking on tained.
the Democratic side in the Ohio can- The meeting just passed, however, I
vaes. has done no harm, but on the contrary, 1
.will have a beneficial effect.
A $10 ticket held in New York, Speeches were made by Capt. C. E.
,drew, on Tuesday last, the grand prize Dyke, Hon. Wilk Call, Major Van p
of $30,000 in the Georgia State Lot- Ness and others, all breathing a pirlt
tery, of harmony and good will.
Col W.T. Thompson, associate edi- A series of resolutions and an ad- I
tor of the News & Herald, has return- dress to the people of Florida were.
ed to Savannah after an European tour adopted. We shall endeavor to give
of six months duration, the address in full next week.
Senator Cameron Is in Washington, GEN. POPE's HANGERS-ON.-In his
with a view, it is said, to prevail on speech to the people of Butts county, I
the loyal Governors to have a meeting last-weck, the Hon. B. H. Hill is re-
to bead of the President. ported to have accounted for General's
The Rev. S. C. Craft has retired Pope's opinion of the white people of
from the editorial management of the the South as follows;
Tampa Peninsular. He is succeeded Many of our people seem to be dis,
gusted with that portion of General's
by H. S. Mitchell, Esq., a lawyer of Pope's letter to Gen. Grant in which
distinction, he represents that the negro race bids
fair to become the intellectual supe-
It is reported that the President riors of the white race, and, there-
will, in a few days, issue a pardon to fore, the proper race to govern. They
Alexander A. Stephens, Vice Presi- are holding Gen. Pope in mute con-
dent, and S. R. Mallory, Secretary of tempt for such an idea. 1 think, my
the Nvy of the Confederate States. friends, you may do the General in-
teN of th Confede)stice, Crtainly, much allowance
A North Carolina Registar estimates ought to b. made for him. -He is a
that at least on third of the blaks strnger..s in ithe South. It is said he
twas in Savannah once, but did not re-
will forfeit their newly acquired prir- main very long. Still he is a strang-
ilego by reason of inability to remem- Pr to our people, He can only judge
her at the polls the names under us by those who hang about him, and
whioh they were registered, come in contact with him. He com-
Smits the natural, error of judging all
Mrs. Mumford., tbhe widow of the by these few. And judging by that
unfortunate custom-house officer who standard, we must admit that the Hen-
was cruelly murdered by Beast But eral is not so thr wrong,
ler in the early part of the war, is now Integrity purpose, consuisteny of
action, candor and truthfulness, are
living in great destitution in the town all essential attributes of a sound and
of Wytheville, Va. reliable intellect. This being so, how
#0 can he marvel that men, who,
General 6chofield has decided that for selfish ambition, betrayed the
t..e only restriction imposed upon eli- Union-who, for selfish gain, used
gibility to membership of the State the war-who, for selfish safety,
Convention, is in having taken the betrayed the Southern Confeder-
0 s acy-and who seek now for property
oath to support the Constitntion of the and the removal of certain disabilities,
United States and then having aided to betray the honor of their people,
the rebellion. should be considered by Gen. Pope, or
anybodyy else, as inferior to the negro.
A respectable white lady in Mobile None.of ournegroes have ever exhibi-
Is recently-' dragged through the ted such a total absence of all the high-

ret, and her clothes torn, by two gst attributes of reliable intellect.
k scoundrel policemen, for calling Georgi.correpondent of the New
l~~~ .. p" -" AGeorgitceorrespon dent of the New1
rla-,' '., -" -* t -yoyR rsys'TaTon: Herschel
run ov er 'oer ca% l ad act-
ru oer er child, a black rascal.- V. Johnson and his law partners con-
The mitary Mayor fined her $19. tend tbat the cotton tax is unconstitu"
L The Houstofl.e,, wd ionaand thaL parties who hLve naid
,"tto ured' thousand' -it Rre entitled to recover all that they
ra:t-lat'"two-hundred thousand vi -
pes" should be e se in the South have paid. They advertise their rea-
'"pers" should be6le loose in the South "cf-. .;.
than that the school books' of the dics to aot professionally for parties
Appletons and Barnes, ontbutd in who have thus paid the tax in their
Appletons an& Barnes, cont-nbuted in I~ i i.
id of the Peabod iund, shorud be own wrong, and they have been alr.a-
Aid of the Peaboff 0)d hudb ""1 ',,<' ,, ,
circulated there. dy employed by hundreds of claimants.
SIf they succeed they will make an
Revy. Mark P. Judd, a loyal mem- immense sum, as they are to receive
berof the loyal Legislathre of loyal half the amount recovered as their fee;
Massachusetts, committed suicide by but should they fail they get nothing
hanging himself on the- 25th ult,- and have to pay all expenses.. They
history y is repeating itself.: 'The Holy express perfect confidence of success,
Scriptures tell us of one who, shortly and are laboring to inspire others with
after the crucifixion, ".went out and a like faith in their capacity to make
-hanged himself,'" the United States disgorge.
R. G, Horton, One of the editors Lettrs from LaGrange, Texas, state
of the New York Day B'boois daad. that the number of citizens remaining
Ia his demise the South has lost a in town are barely five hundred, yet
friend whom neither mobs nor bastiles the interments reached twenty-four in
could intimidate. Subscribers will be two days. The average mortality has
pleased to learn that the -Day -Book "been eigfat a day, and those attacked
will be published as usual without the are almost sure to die, the disease pro-
slightest change. .. ,vig fatal in nine cases out of ten.-
The St. Louis .jenwcrrat, most. The fe~pr is spreading-in the country,
violent Radical organ, attributes, the and no provisions are in the town. The
Democratic victory in Catifornia to, coutry people will not venture tn
the nomination of eorrupt'mea by the- fith produce, and sometimes not even
'Badicals. It rejoices-of.ythe,defeat meal can beprocured to make gruel
of Gorham, the Repubiia candidate for the sick. Business has ceased eh-
for Governor, sn-W hi elect iop tirely, the stores ,re closed, and the
would have been a triumph of rascal-, newspapers have stopped publication.


ity and fraud." This'is rtmilj1 a TIhe jail has been emptied of its in.
candid acknowledgement. "- mates,-who fled to the interior from
*... the terrible Acene of desolation.
The negroes .continue to ba'-.very -
willing, to have their radials frierand MORAL TIDEAS.-A fellow named
elp them to a living. But.theCelat- Callicott, an Internal Revenue Collect.
te begin to object. Representatives or in Brqoklyn, N..Y., has keen arrest-
qfthe a'eral Freedmen's AidaS.ie-' d -for stealing $150,000 of govern-
tiegSately wamet in New Pork to;co-isult went money., This is the same beauty
asto'planp'ofoperation or the fture.- whoa the radical leaders bought up
SIt was the general exp-ession that'the in 1863 and madehim speaker of the
Ofreedmen' are too willing to depend New York Assembly. He was ap,
up6n others to supply their wants', And pointed Collector on recommendation
th c e.. c t r 'i of t-Horaee Greely and other "great
the conference theefore reaoledthat -da rpn, an as stealing is
-1 --~idea" me, and as stealing is
no new schools should be established their creed, hg has been practicing
Si, the South except where the people thereon. He is "trooly loil."
will cooperate in their support. / .. r t
Inspedtors of revenna have reported
WADE AND BjUTLER.-Ben. Butleri to ihe Treasury' Department the dis-
said toa correspondent of the Hoston- .-overy of another mode of smuggling
Advertiser :,"It would seem to be Fis* ,utiable goods from Canada into, the
dom, in the first played, to have all na- t.hited States, which has been prac-
tional securities taxed.'"- At Ports', ticed by baggage masters on the rail-
mouth, Ohio, Wade said : "Show toe roads. The fraud is perpetrated by
a man who is in favor of taxing Unit- 4:cing among the baggage after it has
p4 States bonds, ad I Vill show you been inspected, trunks-,ind valises
A penitentiary bird. I would tot trust containing smuggled goods. One .case
such a man in my sheep pasti.re after O as been discovered where baggage
ar. e u ely -ad r m asters have been carrying on this
dark." He undoubtedly had er species of fraud for over two years.-
in his eye when he made that remark. A considerable quantity of goods have
They know o=6 another, been seized and the parties arrested,


For the "New Era."
EDUCATION.
NO. XI.


Having considered the importance
f mental culture with some of its va-
ious helps, let us now look at a few
f the benefits it confers upon man.
But these are so numerous, and so
aried that we scarcely know where to
egin or where to end. It. will be
vident, however, to every scholar that
without this culture lif.'would be a
blank, and existence would be almost
intolerable. It makes the timid youth
fe yet modest advocate of all
h s-towelevate our race. The
09 ,but for this, would have
ived unknowing and unknown, be-
comes under its benign influence a
>hilosopher, like our own Franklin,
chaining the lightning in its hurried
narch-a statesman, like that immor-
al trio, Clay, Calhoun and Webster,
expounding the principle of the Con-
titution-a hero like Washington or
WVellington leading the armies of his
country to victory ; a Minister, like
Baxter or Bunyau, or Wesley, or
Thornwell, pointing erring mortals t3
the skies,
Nor are these principles applicable
only to the boy in whatever depart-
ment of life he may yet move! no,
they apply equally as well to the girl
as she fillsfl quiet but potent mission
ipon earth. Without this same men"
tal culture a Hannah More could nev-
or have wielded with such popular ef-
'ect the pen of instruction-a Felicia
Hemans could never have swept with
almost superhuman power the chords
of sweet melody ; nor could Florence
Nightingale, or Harriet Newell enter
eficicntly upon their perilous yet glo-
rious missive of love and mercy to the
poor heathen. In a word, without this
culture no girl attains her high calling
here, and none fill their interesting
missive on earth properly.
So much then for the benefits a libe-
ral education bestows upon us. But
ourplan under this head would not
be complete unless we were to men-
tion also sone of itspleasures. Burn-
ing with a love for mind and its hap-
py expansion, we would be instrumen-
tal, if possible in rousing thus, our
youth to the superior attractions of
literature.
Conscious, as we are, of its aid tc
virture and to comfort, we would; as
it were, take you on a somewhat pro-
tracted tour through a few of our
classic spots, in order that your minds
may be stirred up to the exquisite
pleasure such visits afford. Come
with us then and inspect the places
sacred to the presence of genius. Will
you go to Greece ? the land of Ho-
mjntaf.of song ? the.home of Plato,
an oietbe Actremy r n .13--V4iS"
of past glory flit before the mind, as
you listen with deepening interest to
the melodious warblings of its gifted
and cultivated bards.
Let us pass over into Italy anc
view it, not so much as the seat of the
Casar's, as it is the synonym of the
Cicero's and the Virgils. If you have
a taste for the literature of ancien
Greece and Rome, your very soul wil
be ravished not merely with the must
of her songs but also with the digni
fled sentiments they embody. As
such sit, and read or listen, their
thoughts are carried back to the gram
old stages on which those orator
spake, or on which those bards hymn
ed their classic productions. Am
history has handed them down for ou
enjoyment. PIIILO.

THE PROGRESS OF A GOOD WORK
The application of northern capital an(
skill to agricultural and industrial im
provements in the Southern State
does more good than all the politics
discussions. Such "material aid t
reconstruction, for instance, is furn
ished i~fhrecent purchase of mint
ral lands in Virginia by a New Yorl
capitalist-said to be Commodore Van
derbilt. This gentleman has bough
a large tract of land on the James nv
er, in Nelson county, Virginia, which


is rich in iron ore, and smelting work
will be promptly erected upon th
spot, thus giving occupation to hun
dreds of laborers and practically add
ing to the prosperity and comfort c
the region. This is only one-th
most recent--of many similar invest
mnents in Virginia,' and is a prope
subject of congratulation to the citi
gens of that State, as well as a credit
to those who have been founding an
are founding these industrial ente;
prises.

OuR HAYTI.-The New York E;X-
press of the 12th inst., says :
Three negroes have been hose
Assistant Recorders in New Orleans
and several others have ben appoin
ed to municipal positions. This is i
strict accordance with the Radioc
programme. The next thing will b
Negro Mayors, Negro, Judges, Negi
Senators and Assemblymen, Negr
Congressmen, and so on. The Yam
kee just now is using the negro-bu
the signs are, that as soon as the ne
groes get at the offices, the Yankee
aswell as other "mean whites," wvi
have to eniigrate-

There is danger in being too nea
An old lady in Holland scrubbed he
sitting-room floor until she fe
through it into the cellUar.


I- cursed the negro'by too rapidly eleva- GEN. LEE.-The White Sulphur
it ting him, ani in the coming reaction Sprigs correspondent of the South-
She will curse us. We have done this
h for political purposes, says the Herald, ern Opinion says-
cs and in the emancipation of the black Gen. Lee reached these Springs
e have gone so far that we threaten to about August 1st, and occupied a cot-
-. enslave the white. After comment- tage in "Baltimore Row"' with his
I- ing upon the eminently proper action family, who subsequently dispersed to
)f of the President in removing such of other springs. General Lee came in
e the military commanders as forget, in search of health, retirement and re-
t- their partisan ardor, their duty and creation, but he found notoriety in-
r obligation to superior officers, it ur- stead. Gentlemen, otherwise well be-
- ges that they all be swept away until hayed, thronged his cottage, and in-
it a set be found who can understand that sisted upon shaking Lee by the hand.
d they are responsible to the Executive. At Dry Creek, within musket shot
r- The blaak must now take his place in of the springs, the circus pitched its
the ratio of his ability, and, in coin- capacious tent, and a throne, simil-r to
mon with all our people, work out his that accorded to Roman generals wien
own salvation, as brain light brings they had achieved a great Ikinal
form. The wave ofmilitary dictator- triumph, was erected for him and
ship, and the wave of ignorance, that dressed with flags. Gen. Lee, after
S are threatening our republicanism, great reluctance and hesitation, ac-
s must be swept away, and the found cepted the high place, and was the
t tion of o u r g o ve r 1)tl id u o h e '
tion of our government laid upon the greatest (lion" of the circus.
al educated brain.
Do .#.I ANOTHER NEGRO IURDER.-We
.r A young lady of good standing in are called almost weekly to announce
'o Knoxville, complained of a dentist, for the murder of some negro by another
n- taking improper liberties with her of their color. On Saturday morning
t when operating on her teeth. Her last, at the plantation of Thos. Barnes,
operating on her teeth. Her of this county, two negro women were
Sbetrothed met the doctor and gave disputing, one picking up a gun, and
i him a terrible drubbing. The case attempting to spring the hammer dis-
wa(B tried before the Recorder, and a charged the load in the breast of the
fine of $2,5 irmposed for the assault, other, from the effects of which she
It. which brought an immediate contribu- died in about two hours. A jury was
er tion of greenbacks frem the audience, empanelled and returned a verdict
jl more than twice the amount necessa- substantially the above.-Ocala Ban-
ri to pay the fine. nr.


.T. WILKES BOOTH STILL ALIVE. WAR SENSATION IN EUROPE.
We have never been of the number Foreign correspondents continue to
believing that Booth was killed,ac- report that the opinion is gaining
cording to the popular report general- ground that there will be war in Eu- 1
ly accepted throughout the country.- rope next summer. There is but lit- f
We have asserted, again and again, tie trade in anything but breach-load-
that heescaped safely; that he is now ers. Every word uttered by the J
in secure hiding; that he is well; and French Emperor is scanned with a
we believe that in due time, he will feverish curiosity. The ranks of his
return to this country, not as a hated army are full. Immense quantities of|
assassin, but as one, who, loving lib- oats are going from the North of Eu-
erty, struck down a tyrant in the rope to France. As fast as a French f
highest hour of his prosperity and at regiment is trained in the use of the
the zenith of his power. The grounds Chassepot rifle it is moved toward the
for our belief were strong and plain Rhine frontier. Sixty thousand men
enough, bat for obvious reasons, not are massed near Luxembourg. The
to be enlarged upon the present time. new cannon, which fires twenty balls
Hardly a day passes now, but new a minute and mows down a forest a
evidence is offered all going to prove mile off, is exciting a great sensation.
the truth of our assertions. A dozen If half reported of it is true, nothing
journals, in as many different quarters, can stand before it. Then, night bat-
within the past fortnight, have pub- tles are being organized and night
lished articles bearing on this point, signals arranged, s) that if the French
and all asserting, in the most positive cannot shoot their opponents, they
manner that Booth is still living, and can attack them with the bayonet un-
that the grossest deceptions have been der cover of darkness. Napoleon is
practiced on the American people by to be the master of the situation, how-
knaves in office for the purpose ofse- ever the war may begin. Though
curing the large rewards offered for the who will be his enemies, and who his
apprehension or death of the Lincoln- allies, is not yet apparent. Private
killer, From the Washington corres- letters from influential persons speak
pondentof the Cincinnati Enquirer, quite as gloomily of the threatening
of the 27th, we copy the following in- aspect of affairs.
teresting particulars bearing upon
this subject, which we submit to those WHAT"CUFFEE" BuYs.-The New
of our readers whose reason and judg- York correspondent of the Charleston
ment are not blinded or clouded by Courier writes:
Radical falsehoods. The correspon-
dent says : curious change in the class of
There are many persons in Wash- goods generally offered to the South-
ington who have always believed that ern merchant, has been noticed in
John Wilkes Booth is alive in a fore- many stores, owing to the taste of the
ign country. At the time of his pre- African population. While slaves,
tended murder in a barn, by Sergeant that class of people contented them-
Boston Corbett, the notorious Laathy- selves with sober, quiet garments; now
ette Baker was at the height of his that they have become their own mas-
power. He had under hil control a ter, a demand has sprung up for bright
whole regiment of pimps, spies and colored cotton Madras handkerchiets
Sinformers; men of the most infamous and gay ribbons. These goods, of
character, who would commit any which a large supply is now on hand in
crime for a few dollars. An immense New York, are readily purchased by
reward was offered for B oth, dead or business men from your section of the
alive, and Baker determined to secure country for the use of the colored peo-
it. It was easy, with the instruments pie, whose tastes run in that direction.
he had to work with, to get a corpse The perfumers, too are' driving a very
which should somewhat resemble brisk Southern trade; large quantities
Booth. Stanton might have been-de- of Bergamotte, Jockey Club and oth-
ceived. He might have supposed that er oils being forwarded South for the
the bogus corpse was that of Booth.- Sable majesties to anoint their limbs.
SBut, certain it is that he took effec- Their taste for "Lucent syrups, tinc-
tive measures to prevent the identifi- tured with cinnamon," being exactly
cation of Booth's alleged body. Not the same in our Southern States as is
only were all of Booth's- old associates the case with the colored population
excleuded, and the public prevented residing in the West Indies.
from seeing the corpse, but the latter -
was destroyed by a chemical process, BLAIR'S S P E E C H.-Montgomery
so that no vestige of it now remains.- Blair, in an able speech before a Demni
SBaker's only object was to get the ocratic meeting in Maryland, a few
offered reward, and he succeeded. T f
f But how did Booth escape ? Easy days since, said :
enough. He was a cool, determined That he looked upon the present pe-
resolute man, and had laid all his rinod as transcending all others in in-
plans beforehand. He was an actor, portance in the political history of the
and a consummate one. No one knows country. He looked upon Mr. John-
how he escaped. -But what is more son's Cabinet as a terrible weight
probable than that to suppose that af- dragging the Administration down.-
Ster the murder he went quietly to Of Secretary Seward he said he was
some room near by and spent an hour even now endeavoring to divide the
or two in making up a mist elaborate Conservative element in New York,
disguise; one in which his atst inti- with a view of betra v -.; -- m ti ,
mate friends w4Id not kiu.-im ?-=- tQ -
The next n ,ndredIn n,; .- radceas, ecred, had proposed
gIse, looking' lrfectly natural but the dictatorship to General Grant,
tuC'e loo 1-,Z like/'John Wilkes which that distinguished official had
D ot 1, ,uld havegoe bpe -y to spurned; and he leiieved thatThe des-
' Th'Depot and left in the cars for Bal- operation of the Radicals was such as
s timore without suspicion. Everything to insure the impeachment of the
o would have depended, of course, on President within the next six months.
d his disguise; but I repeat, it was in his He alluded to Butler's charge that
power to have made this disguise im- Speaker Colthx had packed the Judi-
penetrable. Or, since it is admitted ciary Committee so as to prevent im-
d on all hands that he did get away from peachment at the last session, and pro-
e Washington to Baltimore that very ceeded to show up the consistency of
night, and there have assumed the Coliax's recent declaration in favor-
disguise and proceeded North by rail- ing impeachment.
road. At all events, since the publi-
t cation of the recent articles in the En- ONLY A FRACTION OF A JURY.-
1 quirer on the subject, the interest in We see not why the Executive branch
c the affair has been revived here, and of the federal government shonld not
the opinion that John Wilkes Booth protect itself against the encroach-
is still alive has grown into a strong ments of the legislative branch. In
s belief. There is only one single cir- other words, we cannot see why Pres-
r cumstance that militates against this ident Johnson, in view of the de-
d belief, and that is the testimony ofI clared purpose of Congress to oust him
s Dr. May, that he saw the body andi from his seat, should not avail himself
know it to be Booth's. No doubt Ba- I of every means of defence and self-
" ker took care that the corpse should protection. If a bitterly partisan
d resemble Booth. But on the other Congress is to be judge aad jury both,
r hand there is the positive testimony of the President has a right to object to
gentlemen well known in New Orleans the panel, that it is not full. It is not
who have seen Booth alive.-LaCross competent for half-a-dozen jurors to
:. Democrat. try any question. It is not competent
d **. for a Rump Congress that will not
THE REBOUND.-The New York only not admit the ten States that se-
;s Herald contains an editorial upon ceded, but is disposed to oust Kentuc-
al what it calls the "Development of the ky, Maryland and Delaware, to sit
o Political Struggle," which is spiced either as judge or jury on the incum-
, with sound doctrines. It says the bent of the presidential office.--Bostoli
e- black man is losing his force. The Courier.
s tide has reached its flood. We have '


John C. Breckinridge, at a dejeuner
yesterday, told us of his last act of au-
thuority as Secretary of War. It was
on the coast of Florida-the General
was pursued by the Federal cavalry;
they were beating the country in eve-
ry direction; a "friend in need came to
his rescue--he was one of Brevard's
gallaut old regiment of the army of
Virgnia. He said : "Gineral, I have
an old boat here that mout carry us to
Kurby; anyhow, we'll try it on." So
he worked away all that night raising
the boat fromta were he hadsunk it to
conceal it Iromn prowling Yankees; he
worked faithtfuhy and energetically in
patching it up and bailing it, artificial-
ly finishing it up and putting in a few
provisions. Gen. B. grasped the no-
ble yellow by the hand and said to him:
"I will have but few more hours of
authority, but such services as you
have rendered your country deserve
reward. You shall be a Major. I will
make out your commission now." He
was exceedingly thankful, but re-
mained scratching his head in i\
thoughtful attitude. "Well, my friend'
said the G e.-'Wl
iWnKaTlain t one nothing and lie is a
Major and a Quartermaster, and if it's
all the same to you, I would just like
to rank him foronst." Itis needless
to'say that the "going out" Secretary
of War instantly wrote the battle-
scarred but humble hero a commis-
sion as Lieutenant Colonel. A fect.
AMERICAN LINEN.-The New York
Journal of Commerce says : "We ex-
amined on Saturday some specimens
of goods manufactured from the raw
or unrotted flax, which will unques-
tionably create no little interest in the
commercial world. The inventor
claims that he can produce any kind
of course or fine linens, cordage, &c., at
a very much less price than* cotton
could be manufactured for within the
past ten years. The cost of raising
cotton is very great, and the crop is
not always certain, whereas flax is
nearly as certain as grass.

A Birkholtz, formerly of Colt's
factory in Hartfoid the inventor of a
metallic composition resembling brass,
for the manufacture of which, a com-
pany has been formed in Providence,
R.I., with a capital of' $300,000 has
sold his patent to them for $40,000 of
the stock, three cents i.uty on every
pound manufactured, and a salary of
$4,000 for superintending the manu-
facture. -
A Yankee being asked to describe
his wife, said-
"Why, sir, she'd make a regular
fast going steamer, my wife would-
she has such a wonderful talent for
blowing up."

A Norfolk paper does not see why
so much applause should be bestowed
on Sheridan, the hero of Five Forks,
whereas Butler is notoriously the hero
of Five Thousand Spoons.

Chase defends the civil authorities
in the Sickles imbroglio. He is but
standing up for himself.


F. M. Thompson, S. C. Tucker.
THOMPSON & TUCKER,
ATTORNEYS
AND
CO UNVSELLORS AT LAW,
AND
SSOLICITORS IN CHANCERY,
GAINESVILLE. FLA. 4

TO CARPENTERS
AND
House Builders !!

The undersigned have on hand a large
stock of
Tools and Hardware
Of every description which were purchas-
ed under peculiar advantages, and will
be sold cheap for Cash.
J. D. MATHESON & CO.,
At J. M. Richardaon's Old Stand.
October 2d. 18-7. .4


WHO ARE THE REBELS ?-Some of
;he Radical journals, we see, persist in
calling the Maryland "Democrats" re-
bels. The immense majority thrown
for the new Constitution of that State
last week, it seems, was a "rebel" ma-
jority, and the nominations for the
'Court of Appeals and other offices on
Tuesday are likewise all "rebel."-
We have no idea that this kind of
chaff will deceive even intelligent Re-
publicans, who must know that there
ire no "rebels" in Maryland nor else-
where, etc., now, except a certain class
of persons who call themselves Radi-
cals. These persons are the real rebels.
It is they that are threatening to re-
volutionize the government unless that
Government is administered according
to their Jacobinical ideas. Wendell
Phillips is a type of the class, and the
Tribune editor is another.-New York
Express.
A BARBAROUS MURDER.-A young
man named Magrath was murdered by
a negro at his home, near Pocataligo,
on Friday last It seems that a free
negro went into Mr. Magrath's yard,
and was at once ordered out. At this
time Mr. Magrath was sitting on the
steps of his house talking to his father.
The negro, after receiving the order
to leave, crawled round the fence and
then fired at Mr. Magrath, inflicting a
mortal wound. The negro was free
before the war, and has always lately
been in the habit of carrying a gun.-
We have not learned whether the ne-
gro has been arrested.
Mr. Magrath was a gallant soldier,
and received a serious wound in ac-
tion, from the effects of which he nev-
er entirely recovered.---Uharleston
Mercury, 27th ult.
GEN. BRECKINRIDGE'S LAST OFFI-
CIAL ACT.-Major T. P. Ochiltree, of
the Houston Telegraph, tells the fol
lowing, in a late letter from Paris :


W. G. ROBINSON,
WHOLESALE DEALER IN


DRY GOODS,



AND


Boots and Shoes,
170 Broughton Street,
Corner of Jefferson,
SAVANNAH, CEO.,
Has now in Store a large stock of the
above goods suitable for the Fall and
Winter trade, to which the attention of
Merchants is respectfully invited.


ORDERS SOLICITED.


2.2m


',JOHN T. GILCHRIST. GEO. D. GILCHRIST.

J no.T.Gilchrist& Son.

JACKSONVILLE, F LA.,


TtiiLi; ^Ur VANCES on Cotton or Naval Stores, con-
igned to
Messrs. Duncan, Sherman & Co.,
Bankers, New York,
Or their correspondents in Savannah or
Charleston _
-Also~ritse ror Florida 1'g sae'of
"Henery's McCarthy Gins" and fixtures
at manufactory prices..
.Agents for East Florida, for sale of
"Brown's McCarthy Roller and Saw Gins"
at mainufactory prices.
Sight and time drafts on Northern ci-
ties purchased, and checks on New York
for sale. ; 99.3m


I. BLUMENTHAL,


WIHOLESALE DEALER IN

Domestic and Foreign


WINES,


LjQU O-RS,)


AND


Fernandina, F la.


ouirbon, Ionougahala and -=W
Whiskey, free and In Bond, Ia
lots to'"suit Purchasers,
All orders punctually attended to.
Goods shipped 'in Original Packcges,
by the case and cask of 5 and 10 gallons.
Quality and ;price of our goods will com-
pare favorably to any point on the Coast
south .of New York.
99 6m I. BLUMENTHAL.

OTICE.

DEPUTY COLLECTOR'S OFFICE, "
United States Internal Revenue,
9th Division, District of Florida.f
FEBNAMDINA, Sapt- 7th, 1867.
Notice is hereby given that I will be
at the time and places hereifilafter-nien,
tioned to collect the Taxes due the U. S,
Government for Internal Revenue pur-
poses:
Fernandina, September 23 and 24.
Waldo, Alachua County, September .27,
- Gainesville, Alachua County, Septam,
ber 30 and Ootobei 1 and 2
Newnansville, Alaclua County, Oot.i-
ber 4 and b.
Micanopy, Alachna. County oto :
Archer, ,,&
Bronson, Levy. ". MA .V*
Levyville, 4 "16&
Cedar Keys, "'2i& 22,
Tax Payers will avoid cost and twou--
blM by prompt attention to this notice.
J. C. WICKLIFFE,
1 4t D. C. Int..Rer.
FRANKLIN DIBBLE,
Commission Merchant,

.TACKSON.VILLEiFLA.
Produce purchased, or advOaces-in cash
or supplies, male on consignment to .C. B.
Dibble, New York. 8-tf
N 0 T I C. E.
All persons having Watches, Clocks &o.
deposited with me for repair, are hereby
notified to call and get the same, as I
shall leave Gainesville on ftM tenth of Oo-
to ber next, positively. _.


- ~


k.


Dancing School.

The undersigned begs to announce that
he will open a Dancing School in the
Court House in Gainesville, commencing
on Saturday afternoon, October 6th.
Lessons will be given three days each
week, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Satur-
days-in the afternoon for ladies and in
evening for gentlemen
Terms, $15 per quarter.
References,-S. P. Beville. and Judge
S. C. Gardner. W. H. ALLMON.
October 1st, 1867. 4.2w


East Florida Iron

FOUNDRY,

LRe-Opened.

LOCATED AT

GAINESVILLE, FLA.,
On the Florida R. R., one hundred miles
from Fernandina and forty miles from
Cedar Keys, by
P. F. REEDY & JOS. GOUGH,
They are prepared to do all kinds of en-
gine, sugar mill, railroad and all other
wcrk usually done at a first class foundry
with dispatch and in the best style.
Casting of all descriptions.
Terms cash on delivery of work.
Sept 7 tf


%". l-r It. 7,, 2OU 0L- "M/


t7%




S .- -
1 '?.


. focal StteM.

Look Out for the Cross (X) Mark.
Subscribers whose term of subscrip,
tion has expired, and those who are in


arrears, will notice a cross X mark on
their paper. They will please notify
us if they wish to continue their sub-
scription, as every name not credited
up to date will be erased from our list
- on the 1st day of November next.--
This will be done without fail, and we
trust our friends will govern them
selves accordingly.

-H Rev. F. C. Johnston, will
preach in the Presbyterian Church to.
morrow at the usual hour,

*%, The next Term of the Circuit
Court for this county, will commence
on the 2nd Monday in next month.

se, Carpenters and house-build-
ers will find an advertisement in this
issue addressed to them. They will
find it to their interest to take special
notice.

11s. The civil officers of this coun-
ty still exercise the functions of their
office, and wepresnme will continue
to do so until their successors elected
under the amended constitution are
duly qualified.

SW- The Deputy Collector of In-
ternal Revenue will be at Micanopy
on the 8th, Archer, on the 11th, and
Bronson on the 14th inst., for the
purpose of collecting the United States
taxes.

SA- Next week we shall commence
the publication of an original story,
written expressly for the NEW ERA,
entitled "Ellen Faulkner. or the Gam-
bier's Wife." It is well written,
has a local application, and some of
the characters may be readily recog-
nized.

&- The Savannah News & Herald
tells us that the small burgh of Waldo,
Alachua county, Florida, has pro-
duced a volunteer tomato plant which
covers a bed almost eighteen feet
square. From June 1st to the
latter part of August, it produced
ahout six bushels of tomatoes.

t@. We call attention to the Law
Card of Thompson & Tucker, of this
town. Both of the members of this
traps, and "cute" as Philadelphia law,.
years, and we hope their claim to a p
s hare of legal business will not og
0*0er1oofed.
gMi.A dancing school will be open-
"04 inid the Court House in this place
fhis evening. Mr. Allmon comes
aprong us with good recommendations.
The votaries of Terpsichore will no
doubt be pleased with the opportuni-
ty to receive instructions in the "poetry
pf motion."

DSe Large quantities of merchan-
dise for the merchants of this and sis-
ter towns ark arriving by every train.
Very little cotton has been shipped,
owing to the small crops made, and
the inability of planters to gather it
in consequence of the continuous and
bpeavy rains, which have. fallen in this
section of the country.
a-W' Hon. Charles P. Cooper, of
ernandina, has been on a visit to our
Town during the past week. He re-
prep~nts the "'Island City" as improv-
ing somewl'it, despite the difficulties
under whjch that'community has la-
bored since the surrender, owing .to
the complicated condition 'in which
Real Estate has been, and other
causes with which oure readers are no
doubt quite- familiar.
ag., Miss Mary E. Bryan, a native
of this county, was burned so badly at
Valdosta, Ga,, on Tuesday morning of
last week, that she died the same day.
The sad accident was caused by her
Clothes taking fire, and being unable to
extinguish the flames, she was past re-
covery before assistance could reach
her. She. was about sixteen years
of .age, and leaves an orphan., brother


and many friends to mourn her fate.

SW Owing to the recent heavy
rains which have almost deluged this
section of the country, a considerable
S portion of the track of the Florida
Rail Road Company between this
place and Baldwin was washed up on
Monday last, 'The passenger 'train
went down on Tuesday ard returned'
pon Thursday evening. We are conse-
quently debarred from publishing our
usual quantity of news heins in this
week s issue, "
ai M ,iany of our subscribers have
taken the hint cofitained in a X mark
we put on certain of-our. papers now,
and have paid up for the last and the
coming year. There are many others
wo would bp pleased to see do -likewise
for.we do not want to erase a single
name from our books, but shall be
compelled to if parties do not call and
I renew their subscription.


B_. In the advertisement of the
steamer Dictator, on the last page of
thispaper, a mistake occurs. Instead
of leaving Charleston every "Thurs-
day evening," read every Tuesday
evening. This error was discovered
too late for correction in this issue.
B_. Cool nights, encroaching more
and more on the daylight, undissolved
shirt bosoms, brains cool and clear, af-
ter the muddle of the dog days, cotton
bales moving about, the appetite whet-
ted by the temperature-all these par-
ticulars indicate the presence of Octo-
ber, one of the most comfortable
months in the calendar. November is
ahead, and we hope that month will
prove still more agreeable to us.
iA& Col. J. C. Wickliffe, Deputy
Collector, was in Gainesville on Mon-
day, Tuesday and Wednesday of the
present week, collecting Internal Re-
venue Tax on licenses, incomes, &c.-
All our citizens expressed a willing-
ness to settle up, but some were ne-
cessarily precluded from doing so, in
consequence of the present unparral
leled scarcity of money.
aso We are pleased to announce
that James Denton, Esq., who was ar-
rested some two months ago by the
military authorities, has been released,
He was incarcerated in a little seven
by nine room with three or four other
white men for over seven weeks, and
was not once informed of the Pbargeg
preferred against him. He was re-
leased in the same mysterious man-
ner, not a word being vouchsafed io
him as to the why or wherefore of his
arrest and long imprisonment. A
pretty commentary on the condition
of affairs, truly.
6@ We take pleasure in calling
attention to the advertisement of the
Micanopy Carriage Factory. The es-
tablishment is the most extensive of
the kind in this State, and is indeed
quite a novelty. Carriages, buggies,
&c., of any desired shape or style can
be furnished on short notice, and as
cheap, or perhaps a little cheaper than
the same could be obtained here from
New York. Mr. G. S. Riggs, the
practical man of the firm, is well skill-
ed in all the branches of his business,
and no work is allowed to leave the
shops until it has passed under his
critical examination. We have no
doubt the firm will find as much busi-
ness as they can do this fall and win-
ter.
DE B The "Gainesville Literary As-
r;nntrinn" met q9 Wednesday evening
last, and a very ale an' ..,ui
Essay on President Johnson was read
by S. Y. Finley, Esq. After the read-
ing of the Essay, a conversation, assu-
ming the character of a discussion, was
indulged in and brought out several
meritorious speakers.
On Wednesday evening next, the
question chosen for debate is : "Is the
theory of the unity of the origin of the
human races sustained by natural
science ?" It is understood that the
leading debatants will be Rev. F. C.
Johnston, in the affirmative, and V.
W. Perry, Esq., in the negative. This
will doubtless prove an interesting de-
bate, and we advise our citizens to be
in attendan ae.
We are surprised to see so few la-
dies at these meetings, but we pre-
sume when the weather becomes more
favorable, they will lend the light of
their countenances to the disputants,
many of whom we know would make
greater efforts, if only a fair sprinkling
of the ladies were present to be charm-
ed with their mystic eloquence.


-D I ED.,


In Rye, N. H., Sept. 13th, at the resi-
dence of liis father, Hon. T. J. Parsons,
Mr. Charles H. Parsons, aged 32 years,
of Cedar Keys, Fla.


A CARD.


1'.\


HAVING PERFECTED ARRANGE-
MENTS, of a very favorable nature, for
the shipment of Cotton to any of the Eu-
ropean or American markets. we respect-
fully solicit 'consignments of the same.
Liberal advances made, and account
sales promptly rendered.
Parties designing to ship through us
can be supplied- with Tucker, Carter &
Co's S. I. Bagging at reasonable rates.
J. D. MATHESOW & CO.
Gainesville, Fla., 29 Aug.. 1867. 99


TOWN PROPERTY FOR SALE.
The undersigned will sell at private
sale, that valuable property in front of
the Railroad Depot, consisting of two en-
tire blocks, with two store and dwelling
houses, and other outbuildings. For par-
ticulars enquire of
WALTER S. LAND,
Sept 7-tf on the premises


WHEAT FLOUR
W E have received a supply of very
choice NEW WHEAT FLOUR.
August 91 SAVAGE & HAILE.

Barber's Shop.
I am now prepared to perform all busi-
ness in my line in the best style:-. Shay,
ing, hair-cutting and shampooning done
in a manner that will please the most
fastidious. Shop next door to Thomas &
Kennedy's drug store.
CHARLES BULLARD.


CARRIAU. FACTORY

AT

Mr4CA IONtPY, FL-.q


G. S. RIGGS,


RIG GS


W. F. LEITNER.


& LEITNER,


MANUFACTURERS OF

Carriages, Buggies, Sulkies, Wagons, and other Vehicles

OF ANY SIZE OR STYLE.


Ours is the largest establishment of the kind in this State. We have recently
enlarged our Factory by fitting up the Seminary buildings and erecting additional
workshops. We now work four forges, to which is attached a "Pressure Blower"
of latest patent, and we are consequently enabled to do any and every kind of
Blacksmithing work on short notice,
Attached to our establishment is a powerful Steam Engine, with planing ma-
chine, circular and scroll saws, boring machine, lathe &c.
All the materials used by us are of the first quality and well seasoned.
Buggies and Wagons constantly on hand, for sale.
We are prepared to fill orders for plows and the usual plantation tools. Plows
in large quantity and of all kinds on hand at all times.
We also run a fine GRIST MILL of the best Burr stone, and parties can be
supplied with meal and hominy on short notice.
We are now running a number of McCarthy Gins, and will gin cotton at the
lowest rates. A trusty watchman is kept on the premises, and every precaution
will be used aga nst loss or injury to cotton sent to our gins.
Po you want a neat, handsome and substantial buggy, carriage, or wagon,
or anything else in our line, CALL and you can be accommodated.
Work d(ne to order with neatness and dispatch.
Our Terms: CHEAP FOR CASH.
4-3m RICCS & LEITNER,


Gainesville Advertisements.


SAVAGE & HALLE,


COTTON FACTORS,

G.AINTES VILLE, FLA._


In soliciting consignments of Cotton and other Produce, we beg to state
that every effort has been made and will be made throughout the season to place
such consignments in the best market, at the time being, and under the most
favorable auspices.
Having receutty perfected arrangements, of the most thorough character, in
Savannah and in Charleston, we are enabled to assure our friends that any
shipments they may desire us to make for them to either of these markets will be
carefully managed in accordance with their wishes and with due regard to economy.
Our arrangements also embrace the markets of New York, Liverpool and
Havre, in any of which we can place Cotton, entrusted to us, on the most favor-
able terms.
The recent extension of Telegraph lines to this centre of the Florida Sea Island
country, places us within daily communication of all the Cotton Markets of the
world-thereby enabling us to make shipments to the one, where, at each particu-
lar period; speedy sales and full prices are most likely to be obtained, and to se-
cure to our friends all the advantages possible from the fluctuations of price and
demand to which the different markets are subject.
We are prepared to afford all reasonable money facilities to those who place
their consignments with us. And we can at all times supply our friends with a
superior ar icle of BAGGING.
Shipments can be made to us from Archer, Waldo, and other points on the
Florida Rail Road, direct through to Fernandina, as also from Lake City and
the St. Johns River. Our Agent at Fernandina will be always there to receive
them.


SeStember, 1067.


SAVAGE & HAILE.
I 2 2tf


FRESH ARIhVAL


A Large and Carefully Selected Stock of the Best

LAN.DRET TH'S


Varieties of


Comprising such as are.especially adapted to

FALL AND WINTER CULTURE.
To insure success, purchase reliable Seed. Those put up by Landreth & Son
require no recommendation at our hands.


For Sale at Apothecary Hall, by
Gainesville, Aug. 10th, 1867.


J. T. McMILLAN & CO.
96.tf


Savannah Advertisements.


AGENCY



ORFF


OF DOMESTICS T



& WATKINS,


SOLE AGENTS IN SAVANNAH "
FOR THE

Graniteville, S. C., Manufacturing Co.,

AND THE


IALmANCE, N. C., COTTON COMPANY


WE HAVE IN STORE,

The Graniteville 4-4 Sheetings, Heavy ;
i" 7-8 Shirtings, Heavy;
'6 "8 3-4 Shirtings, Light;
Brown Drillings;
The Alamance Plaids;
The Alamance Checks.
AY- WE WILL FURNISH THESE GOODS TO MERCHANTS AT THE
FACT 0 R Y PR IC ES, AND WILL GUARANTEE THEM AT ALL
TIMES TO CORRESPOND WITH THE PRICES OF THE NEW YORK AGENTS.


1-3m


ORFF & WATKINS.


WIIOLESA.LE HIIOUSE.

1867. FALL AND WINTER. 1868.



JOHN C. MAKER & CO.,

importers and Jobbers of






NOTIONS, MILLINERY

AND


Corner Broughton and Whitaker Streets,


- E~-eorgia.


4G e E w T s ion


Elastic stitch


(Formerly'of)
U. B. WILKINSON ... ..--


Sewing


Machines.


B .., ,of)
B. $. WILSON,-
-r - "f4'_' Alabama.


WILKINSON & WILSON,


C 0 T T 0 N F A C T R

AND



Commission M er aIs,

90 Bay Street, Savannah, Ga.
AGENTS FOR THE SEA-FOWL GUANO, WAILEY'S BUCKLE IRON TIE

And Purchase on Commission

Bagging, Rope, Bacon, Corn, Flour, &c., &c.


LIBERAL ADVANCES MADE ON CONSIGNMENTS.


Importt lNotice.



A supply of the following goods has just been re
ceived :
10 inch wide 4 ply Rubber Belting.
Rubber Packing.
Steel Gin Plates,
Italian Hemp Packing.
2 inch wide Leather Belting.
Roller Leather, cut to suit Gin Rollers.
Sides of superior Lacing Leather.
Plantation Steelyards.
Extra Stout Cotton Osnaburgs.
Sea Island Bagging, heavy.
For sale by SAVAGE & HAILE,
Gainosville, Fla., August 27th, 1857. A 97 ,f


C. A. RAMSEY,

Commission, Receiving & Forwarding
1M3r ER C II A N T,
AND DEALJiR IN


rn, Hay, Bacon, Flour
SFernandina, Fla,


&c.


May 20th, 1,867,
E. H. JORDAN,
Late of Micanopy, Fla.,
Will have charge of the books, and will
be pleased'to see his friends and acquain-
tances at the Commission House of C. A.
Ramsey, when they visit Fernandina.


THOMAS & McKINSTRY,

Physicians & Surgeons
GAINESVILLE, FLA. :


- A CHEAP BUGGY with good Harness
for sale at a very low price. Apply to
J & BROWN.


SHERIFF'S NOTICE.
SHERIFtF'S OFFICE, )
GAINESVILLE, FLA.,
August 10, 1867. J
To all those whose property has been
levied upon, or that executions have been
issued against, or to any person who is
indebted to this office for costs, I earnest-
ly request that they will call before the
1st day ot October and settle up.
I regret vbery much to make this public
announcement, as it has been my earnest
endeavor to favor as much as possible all
who were so unfortunate as to be in debt
n the present prostrated condition of th'e
country. But I am necessarily compelled
to adopt this course, andtall claims in
my office are not satisfied by that time,
I shall proceed to collect as the law di-
rects. JNO, 0. COSBY, Sheriff.
Aug. 10th, 1867. 96.5m


JOHN A. GRUBB,


General Newspaper
AD>VET ISIWN G,
AND
COLLECTII4C ACENT,


96.4m


GEORGIA


State


Lotte


For the Benefit of the:
MASONIC



Great Extra Scheme !!
CLASS B.
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 9th, 1867.

CAPITAL PRIZE

$20,000!

One Dollar Fu.ll Ticket
A-$50,000 IN PRIZES 1--!
For $1 per Ticket. *~
Ten (10) Dollars will purchase a Package
of Ten Ticketh liable to draw $30,000.
All the Prizes will be Drawn.
All Prizes Cashed at this Office !
)g&Correspondents may rely on prompt
attention to orders by simply enclosing
money with full address.
f" Send in your Orders as soon as
possible.
#b All orders for Tickets, Schemes,
and information, to be addressed to
Office Corner of) J. P. HORBACH,
Drayton and Managers' Agent,
Congress Sts., J Lock Box 820 Post Office,
2.td SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.


Jos. S. Claghorn. I Jno. Cunningham.
CLAGHORN & CUNNINGHAM,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
Grocers and Ship Chandlers,
Corner of Bryan and Drayton Sts.,
SA VAN-TV CE A "TI. -t'.."T A.


TALLAHASSEE, FLA. Keeps constantly on hand a complete as-
sortment of Family, Plantation and Ship
fie Address in Tallahassee, care of supplies; also a choice selection of Li-
"Sentinel Office," in Savannah, care of quors, Wines and Segars. Orders prompt-
"Pulaski House." 99, y att,,ndd t') aduaUty.gur d. 1
ad W, "*;u


ED ICAL COLLEGE,
SAVANNAH, CA.
THE ELEVENTH ANNUAL COURSE
OF LECTURES in. this Intit.u.ion will
commence i.rthe A.rst Mlloniay in Novem-
ber next, and continue four months.:


R. D. ARNOLD, -M. D., -
Prof. Theory and Practrice of .Medicine.
P. M. KOLLOCK, M. D.f
Prof. Obstetrics and Diseases of .WogRen
and Children.
Adjunct-Tnos. SMITH, M. D.'; Will Leo-
tare on Diseases of Women and'Children.
W. G. BULLOCH, M. D.,
Prof. Principles and Practice of Surgery-
Adjuuct-'. J. CHARLTON, M. D.; will
Lecturbeon Minor and Operative Surgery.
J. B. READ, M. D.,
Prof. Materia Medica and Medical Juris-
S prudence:
I Adjunct-R. J. NUNN, M. D.. Will Lec-
ure on Medical Jttrisprudence and Tox-
icology.
i J URIAH HARRISS, M. D.,
Prof. Physiology and Pathology.
Adjunct-J. G. THOMAs, M. D.; Will Lec-
ture on Pathology.. -
W. R. WARING, M. D,j-
Prof. Anatomy.
W. M. CHARTERS, M. D.
Prof. Chemistry.
Adjunct-W. HI. ELLISTT, M. P. ;ill
Lecture on Pharmaceutical Chentry,
and Uses of the Microscope. ,,
SW. DUNCAN-, M. D.,
Demonstrator of Anatomy. '
R. P. MYERs, M.D., Assistan'tDemonstra-
tor and Curator.
REQUISITES FOR GRADUATION..
The applicant must-be of. good moral,
character, and have attended two courses
of Lectures; the first in a College 6f gopd
standing, and the. last in the Savannah
Medical College. .
CHARGES.
Fqr Course of Lectures, ', $105
Matriculation, 5
Dissecting Ticket, (paid only once) 10
Diploma. 80,


AND -

For Young Ladies and Children.

This institution will be opened in
GAINESVILLE, FLA, on Monday the
2d day of SEPTEMBER, 1867.
A commodious Dwelling has been secur-
ed, and every arrangement made, condu-
cive to the happiness and comfort of the
pupils. Boarders will be under the im-
mediate control and supervision of the
Principal. who from her successful ex-
perience in other States, hope to render
satisfaction to all Patrons of the School.
A corps cf efficient teachers will be em.
played.
For particulars, see circular, or address
MISS A, M. V1S. CLARKE,
Principal.
RE FREE S:
Rev. J. R. Wilson, Augusta, Ga.
Dr. Joe Eve. Augusta, Ga.
B. B. Russell, Esq., Augusta, Ga.
R. F. Urquhart, Augusta, Ga.
Dr. Joseph Jones, Nashville, lenn.
Hon. G. B. Baldwin, Staunton, Va.
Col. M. G. Harmon, Staunton, Va.
Prof. J. L. Campbell, Lexington, Va.
Hon. J. M. Leach, Lexington, N. C.
Rev. J. B. Dunwoodie, Georgia.
Rev. John Montgomery, Ocala, Fla.
When several pupils are entered from one
family, reasonable deductions will be made.


SCHOOL BOOKS

FIOR SAL E.
Sanders' Pictorial Primer
Webster's Spelling-Book
Webster's Primary Dictionary
McGuffey's 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Rea-
ders
Davies'.Primary Arithmetic
Davies School Arithemitic
Davies' Elementarh Algebra
Davies' Elementary Geometry
Mitchell's Primary Geography .
Mitchell's Geography. and Atlas
Smith's English Grammar *
Robbins' Outlines of History. .
Comstock's Philosopy -
Comstock's ('hemisiry, =-,'." ".
Slates, eojW-boo PenB, '
rif% ply2 of be aboveJ f e'
.Sept 7 -



American Standard Series.
E' EAD t R S.
Butler's First Reader,
Butler's. Second Reader,
Butler's Third Reader,
Butler'i Fourth Reader,
Butler's' Fifth Reader,
butler's Sixth Reader.
S"GRAM MAk S.
Butl-r's Introductory Grammar,
Butler's Practical Grammar.
.R H E T 0 R IC .
Butler's Common School Speaker.
M AT H E M T.1 C S.
Towne's P'rimary Arithmetic,
Towne's Arithimetic,
Towae's Algebra.

The above Books are electrotyped,
printed and bound in Louisville, Ky,.-
They are offered. to the Schools of the
country as equal in every respect and
,superior in many essential features to. any
books -of their kind published elsewhere.
.We invite teachers to carefully compare
thea wih others, and to use them in their
school vhe.n satisfied of their intrinsic merits.
*Many,. of the best educators of the coua-
try have already given their unqualified
preference for our books. We shall gra-
dually increase the list till it embraces
,all the subjccts taught in the schools of
the UnitedStates. ". -
'- f P. MORION & CO.,
'" hese" '"hblisher.-Louisyille, Ky.-
These!Stclio oBediks can be had at Dr.
McMILLAN'S Drug Store, Gainesville,
Fla: 98
Ltrmiber! Lumber

GREAT REDUCE ON IN PRICE.
A f
PARDE'ES' TEAM MILL,
North of Gainesvil..
Fron and after this -date, ., wifl ur-
nish 'first quality Lurtrb at $15'per
thousandi't aud rogh edge at $7.
thousand tot bCA' A tthe mill. If rf
paid. at the timnej. -lu'mber is.. carried
away, the old pr l8, 1 will be charged.
We.wisi it. distinctly understood that we'
will not do:a credit b'usiines hereafter, .
,abd 11llumber must be *paid for within-.
sixdays of its removal from the mill. "-
Parties not being able to comply with the
above terms will please not apply, for we
ulttt refuse them. "Self-preservation is
the 'firat law of nature," and we are .0om-
p.elled to this course *in order to prptect
-ourselves.. F. & H. PARDEE.
*-' Lumber will be delivered in town for
$3 on the above prices.
.August 24, 1867. 98 im.

LEqNANI DOZIER." JOHN C. MCGEHEF.
L. DOZIER & CO.,
-- Fotors and


Rt eiv*uqnd Forparding Agentl.
.AA80,'DEALERS IN
Bagging, Rope, Salt, G'a1l, Hay
Flour, and Produce Generall.
Fernandina,, FNla ,


S


East of the Suwannde


The next session of this Institution will
commerce on the first Monday in Sep-
tember.
A competent corps of Teachers has been
employedbyy the Board of Education.
The County Commissioners of the coun-
ties east of the Suwannee are hereby no-
tified and solicited jo sedd, tuition gratis,
to this institution, as many pupils as
their respective counties Have Represent-
atives in the lower House of the General
Assembly of Florida.
Good boarding facilities for young la-
dies have recently been perfected. Young
gentlemen can be accommodated in pri-
vate families on reasonable terms.
All friends of education may .rest as-i
sured that instructors of ability and ex-
perience-thoroughly versed in the vai.-
ous sciences and arts taught at our best
literary institutions will be employed to
meet our growing necessities.
Co-operating with all measures which
may be instrumental in developing the
intellectual resources of Florida, we with
pleasure present the claims of this flour-
ishing institution to the favorable consid-
eration of an intelligent and appreciative
pubic. S. McCALL,
President Board of Education.
J. C. GARDNER, Sec'y. 72


S a v an in a i,


oAttzu




* ~


Savannah Advertisements.


- URDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1867.


A. SLIk F MISUNDERSTANDING.
An old ]utch farmer had a hand-'
some daughter named Minnie, who
lately joined, The Methodist church,
against which the old fat muvr)ras some-
what prejudiced. Th. young minister
under whose instrumentality Miss
Minnie walr,,onverted visiting her
frequently, excited his suspicion that
all was riot right. Accordingly, he
visited the church on Sunday night,
and seated himself unobserved, among
khe congregation.
-oon after taking his seat the min-
ister, who was preaching from Daniel
v. 25, repeated in a loud voice the
words of his text, "Mene, mene, tekel
upharsin," upon which the old farmer
spring to his feet, seized the affrighted
girl by the arm, and hurried her out
of the meeting house. Having reach-
ed the church yard he gave vent to
his feelings in these words :
"'I knowsdare vas somedings wrong,
and now I schware to 'em."
". "Why, father, what do you mean?"
replied the bewildered and 'innocent
girl.
"Didn't I," shouted the old man,
striking his fists together and stamp-
ing witll his foot, "didn't I hear the
parson call oat to you, Minnie, Min-
nie, tickle do parson."
"Sam, why am members ob Con-
gress like the fishes ?"
"I don't meddle wid de subject,
4Pomp/"
"'Why, don't you see nigga? Dey's
so fond' of de-bate,"
During a medical examination a
.student was asked the question-
"When does mortification ensue ?"
",When you pop the question and
are answered no."


&GOLD PENS,

Teell Pens,

VPen Holders Ace.


A MAGNIFICENT LOT OF EXTRA
FINE GOLD PENS with Gold Plated
Ebony Desk Holders and Morocco Cases,
just received.
Also Steel Pens and Pen Holders of
every size'and quality.
For sale by
J. T. McMILLAN & CO.,
Apothecary Hall, .Ginesyille.
Augtist 3d: 1867- 95 tf

Attentiofr Tax-payers!
I will e present at- the following Pre
for the purpose of collecting the State and
County Taxes for Alachua County for
the. year 186,7.
,:Boulware's Store, Sept. 18 and Oct. 17.
Providence 19 18.
Orange Creel; 20.. 19.
Waldo t 2'1 Nov, 15&16.
Micanopy .21, ot., 22 & 28.
Fort Walkber 26 24.
,Archer 27 25.
EjT. Geiger's 28 26.
Newnansville 'Oct. 3 & 4 "29 &30
G 'rdon 5- 81.
. Gainesville 13 & 14 Nov. 1 & 2.
CowCreek 10 6.
Waccasassee 11 7.
sikesville .
W.C. BECKHAM,


Tax Collector,


Fit Mtowo


4 STODDARD'S LOWER RANGE,
BAY STREET,
Savannah, Ga.
Liberal advances on Cotton consigned'-
to our correspondents in New York and
Liverpool.
Having been appointed agents for tho
sale of the Albany Star Cotton din and
Condensers, we take pleasure in offering
the same to the public
These Gins having been tested, show a
marked superiority over all others, both
as to the facility of working and the im-
proved appearance of the Lint.
Circulars giving full information can
be obtained by application to the under-
signed SLOAN, GROOVER & CO.,
No. 4 Stoddard's Lower Range,
1-3,m Savannah, Ga.


BRYAN, HARTRIDGE & CO.,

COMM I SSIO N

MERCHANTS,
SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
We solicit consignments of Produce to
ourselves; -also to Liverpool, Northern
Correspondents, and give all customary
facilities. Planters supplies promptly
furnished. Refer to Editor Gainesville
Era. ly Sept. 7


Heidt & Ludlow,

MVL anufaEctxur'ers

AND
DEALERS IN READY MADE

CLOT IN G,

AT
WHOLESALE & RETAIL,
154 CONGRESS & 78 ST. JULIAN-STS,

:SAVANNAH, GA.
Have now in store a large stook of
Readymade cloth ug and men's furnish-
ing goods for thedFall and Winter trade,
manufactured by the Junior partner ex-
pressly for this market. Our Senior part-
ner, Mr. Heidt, formerly of the firm of
Pierson and Heidt, having had long expe-
rience in the trade, and our firm posses-
sing ample means and every facility for
conducting our bfsiness'we are able to of-
fer inducements unsurpassed.
- We would respectfully invite buyers
visiting our city to call and examine our
stock before making their purchases.
Mr. J. S. Neidlinger, lately of the firm
of Henry Lathrop & Co., is- with us, and
would 1* pleased to see his friends.
Sept. 7 3m


1867.


BRILLIS & CO.,


1867.


A. MSLOAN, C. E. GROOVER
Rome, Ga. Brooks Co., Ga.
C. FaSTUBBS, A. T. MAC INTYRE,
acony,Ga. Thomasvitle, Ga.
'S.loan, Groover & Co.,

Cotton Factors
AND
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,


Ready made


Ckt1 Jg,


A N ID


Gentlemens' Furnishing


CALL AID A EXNATINIE

THE .


MERCHANT TAILORS.,


WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN


J^FD GrOO.S


Goods,


GAINESVITLLE, FLA.



The Subscribers beg leave to announce to the citizens of Gainesville
and Alachua County that they have just opened, at the Store formerly occu-
pied by Mr. S. McCALL, a pew and magnificent assortment of Goods in
the above line, which they offer for sale at Charleston ,and New York
prices.


DOMESTICS,


PRINTS,


DELAINES,

CLOTHS,


CASSIMERES,

CLOAKINGS,

HOSIERY'
GLOVES,

DRESS SHIRTS,

COLLARS AND TIES,


DRESS GOODS,

WHITE GOODS,

LINEN GOODS,


EMBROIDERIES, ,


ENGLISH CRAPES,

SHAWLS,

CLOAKS,
RIBBONS,

SKIRT BRAIDS,

LACE ARTICLES,


YANKEE,NOTIONS, &c., &c.. &o.

Clothing and Gentlemens' Furnishing Goods of every description made
to order on short notice, in the most fashionable
style, and at reasonable prices.


* J. BRILLIS,
Gainesville, Fla., July 20th, 1867.


H. ASCHER.
93-ly


L. J. Guilmartin." John Flannery.
~,E. W. Drummond.

L. J. Guilmartin & 00Co.,



AND
GENERAL COMMISSION


Savannah,


Liberal advances made on consignments..


Orders promptly filled at lowest market


I am now offering at the lowest prices the follT-wing articles in


D BY GOODS:
Dress Goods,
Prints,
Bleached Domestics,
Unbleached do.,
Tickings,
Denimc,
Flannels,
S Hoop Skirts,
Ladies' Hats,
Hosiery, Notions, &c., &c.


Of Every Variety, including a fine Assortment of


Flour,


Butter,
Crushed Sugar,


Spice,


Baconf,
Irown Sugar,
Pickled.Pork,


Lard,
Hams,


Cheese, -


Pepper,


Salt,


FINE AND COMMON LIQUORS, &c., &c.

Splendid Smoking and Chewing Tobacco,

Cigars, &e., &e.

Canned Friuits, Pickles, Sardines, &c., &c.


CROCKERY WARE,


WO OD WARE,


TIN WARE,


HARD WARE.


AMofCLE LLAN SbA IDDLES,
FAXR]l: NG UTENSILS, &c,, &o.
All of which,willbe sold cheap, for I am determined not to be undersold by anyone"


February 23d, 1867.

I.,* -


JAMES BEATTIE.


THOMAS & KENNEDY,



DEALERS IN


J fD. Matheson & Co.,


rates.


July 25t1, 1867.^ Bagging, Rope and' Iron Ties,


Important tp Planters.
REDUCTION OF PRICE!

STEAMT COTT ON GINS,

AND


L" FROM AND AFTER .THITDATE, I
* 'hMill be ready to gin cotton at- my Steam
SGinning Establishment in Gainesville at
the reduced'price of three (8) cents per
' pound. All,cottons entrusted to me will
be taken the greatest care of, and will be
ginnped and packed' "i.-the- most vt.irn(
style. A-night watehr'an'wilh be kept
hi the est.ablilhme-t.r during the whole
: ginning season. "
Here is tile place to get your corn ground.
Meal and Grits constantly on hand for
i sale. .
Having just fitted up a lot of new lathes
, and tools, I am prepared to itepair majchi-
iery of'all kinds, on short notice and at
teasoniable price, .
S A.H.LEONARD.
Gainesvile, July 20th, 1867. 92


THE NEW YORK .


S-tarch Gloss- Co9.s


STARCH GLOSS.
-- .
Gives a fine, ivory-like polish to linen
or muslin.
Effectually prevents the iron and dust
from.adhering to the cloth.
25 cents per cake.
THE NEW YORK
starch Gloss Co o

"IMPERIAL BLUE.
BESTrIN THE WORLD.
Ten cents per box.
For Sale by
J. T. McMILLAN & CO.,
Apothecary Hall,, Gainesville.


CORN .


ON CONSIG NMENT.
O[ SACKS PRIME WHITE BALTI-
-2 U MORE CORN; in. store and for
. eale. .. SAVAGf & HAILE.,
-4Paesville, Aug, 31


Constantly on Hand.
August 3, 1867. 95.3m



John W. Anderson, G. W. Anderson, Jr.
R. H. Anderson, A. H. Cole,
J. W. Anderson, Sons & Co.,



General Commission.
AND
fotw arbinig $ lj ante,

Corner of Drayton and Bryan Sts.
S A V A N N A IS, G A..
W- ILL SELL on commission, Cotton,
Rice, Naval Stores, Timber, Lum-
her, Real Estate, Produce and Merchan-
dise, and will do the business of Receiv-
ing and Forwarding with despatch, to all
Ame;ican and European Ports, on reason-
able terms.
The usual facilities afforded customers.
Consignments and Orders -olicited.
Aug. 10. 96. tl


CHAMPION & FREEMAN,


WHOLESALE GROCERS,
AND
PROVISION DEALERS.
CO0%, BAY AND DRAYTON-STS.,,
SAVANNAH, GA,


A. H. CHAMPION.
Sept. 7


G. C. FREEMAN..


lm


E. L. NEIDLINGER,
DEAtER IN

Saddles, Bridles,

AND HARNESS,

SADDLERY-WARE, LEATHER,

S' Trunks, Valises, &c.,
COR. BROUGHTON & BARNARD STS.,
Savannah, Ga. 'L9-Sm


Groceries and


Provisions,


and well


rgs and Medicines,


&c., &c.,&c.


HAVING MADE


FURT


ADDITIONS TO OUR STOCK,


we offer for sale at the very lowest prices,


DRY GOODS of


every Variety,


Both Fine and Common,


GROCERIES, inh groat abundance,

And our Stock of

DRUGS is exceedingly complete,

Embracing everything us4 ly kept at a first class Drug Establishment,

The facilities now offered for obtaining fresh supplies on short notice, ena-

bles us to offer none but fresh articles. We purchase none but the best,

and only from reliable Houses, .Physicians and others are invited to exam-

ine our stock, all of which we warrant.

A Large Lot of


'. RESH GARDEN


SEEDS


Just received and for sale cheap, Call and procure a supply before they are


all sold,


G. P. THOMAS,

T. R. KENNEDY.


Have now


received a


large


selected stock of


8POEFtITO- GOODS,

Embracing every variety of


DRESS GOODS,

WHITE GOODS,

EMBROIDERIES,


RIBBONS,


DRESS TRIMMINGS,-


LADIES' HATS,


CLOTHIJ -

IJATS and SHOES.


GROCERIES,

HARD WARE,


WOOD WARE, )

HOLLOW WARE,

&C., &C,


Which will be offered at the lowest cash


prices.


An inspection


is respectfully


invited.

QGqjaeoyille, 29 March, 1867 -


Feltuary 23d,,.1867


&tku 1 i laVlti 1I-,"


..River, making close connections with the
%.iharleston and Savannah New York
-Steamers coming South. "
4Ieturiing; Will leave Palatka every'
every Friday morning' at 7 d'clock,'Pico-
lata at lI o'clock, Jacksonville every S'at-
urday morning at 3 o'clock, .and, ernan-
dina same day.
Through Tickets from New York via
Charleston- to Fernandina,. $28. Jack-
sonville, $30. Palatka and Picolata $32.
Agents at Charleston, J. D. A-ilen & Co.
Savannah," L. J. Guilmartin &a;o
Fernandina, Jeffreys & Beo.
Jacksonville, Jeffreys & Bro.
Palatka, McCants & Rdberts.
Sept. 28th, 18i7., 8tf A


Provide for Your Families '
By taking out a Life Policy in the,

JETNA LIFE
Insurance Company, *
OF
HARTFORD4, CONN.
Capital and Assets, aver. $5a,o00o,0o.
Many of the citizens of this county hava
already availud themselves of the advan.,
tages offered by this Company, which -has
never had a law suit. For information
and pamphlets, apply to
W. H. BABCOCK, Agent,
Oice at McMilla & Co's Drug Store,
GAINESVILLE, FLA: '"

Insure your Goods.!
" Insure.your Dwellings !
Insure your 'Cotton!

Underwriters -Agency
'OFF-NEW YORK.
-Aggregate Cash Assets over $3,000,000,
JAMES RIVER INSURANCE CO.,
Howardsville, Va.
JEFFERSON INSURANCE CO.
Scotsville,Va. '
Policies of insurance issued:by
W. H. BABCOCK, Agent.
Office at McMillan" & Co's Drug Storem
tf .. Gainesville, Fla,


01UFIRE ARMS.
Sold by the Trade Generally.
A Liberal Discount to Dealers


200,000 furnished the U.S. Governm',t
Army Revolver,, 44-100 in Calibre,
Navy Revolver, 86-106 in. Calibee,
Belt Revolver, Navy Siae Calibre,
Police Revolver, avy Size Calibre.
New Pocket Revolver, 81-100 in.'Calibre, .
]Pocket Revolver,- (4.ider' Pit.). 31.100 in.
-Calibre.
Repeating Pistol, (Elliotpt:) No. ,22 and
32 Cartridge.
Vest Pocket Pistol, No. 22, 80, 32 and
41 Cartridge.
Gun Cane, .'. No. 22 and 82 Cartridge.
Breech Loading Rifle, (,Reli') No 32 and
88 Cartridge.
Revolving Rifle, 86 and 44-100 in. Calibre.
E. REMINGTON & SONS,
s I .. io, Y.


- Georgia.


AT

JAMES BEATTIE'S




Dry Goods and frotry

e 1 r LF" .J' 1 1 .


12


*
1


I


1


^
f-


.


Ak


.ti


*


$T$oK


FLORIDA Bill ROAIL



Change of Schedule

ON AND AFTER MONDAY, July ls,.
1867, and until further notice, trains o':
this road will run as follows:
Leave Fernandina for Baldwin and
Gainesville every Tuesday, Thursday and
Saturday at 8 o'clock A. M. The train .
on Thursday will extend its trip to Arch-
er,. and on Saturday to Cedar Keys.
Returning, will leave Gainesville every
Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 8 o'-
clock A. M. arriving at Fernandina at 4
o'clock P. M. connecting with steamers
for Charleston and Savannah.
A train will leave Cedar Keys every
Monday at 4 o'clock A. M., arriving a
Fernandina at 4 o'clock P. M.
A train will leave Archer every Friday
at. 7 o'clock A. M.. arriving at Fernandi-
na at 4 o'clock P. M.


I ,The Steamer 'LIZZIE BAKER'
.r1^js will leave Fernandmina for Sa-
vannali on the arrival of the train from
Gainesville and Baldwin every MONDAY
EVENING.
The Steamer "DICTATOR" will leave
Fernandina for Savannah and Charleston
on the arrival of the train from Gaines-
ville and Baldwin, every FRIDAY
EVENING.
The Steamer "SYLVAN SHORE" will
leave Fernandina for Savannah on the
arrival of the train from Gainesville and
Baldwin, every THURSDAY EVENING.
jMi Passengers- and Baggage trans-
ferred from Road to steamers free of
charge.
R. D. MEADER,
Engineer and Superintendent.
Fernandina, June 27, 1867. 75tf 't


For Savannah,
VIA FERNANDINA, BRUNS.
WICK, AND INTERMEDI-
ATE LANDINGS.
The Steamer

CAPT. JAS. TUCKER,
Leaves Jackssnville every Thursday
Night after arrival of train from the West,
arriving at Savannah in time to connect
with New York steamer.
The Sylvan Shore has been purchased
and fitted up expiressly for it;:- inside
route between Savannah and Flqrida.
F. DIBBLE Agent.
Jacksonville, June 7, 1866. 46-tf

THE STEAMER- .

~ -U

W DICTATOR
CAPT. L..M. COXETTTR,
*-a
Will leave Charleston every" Thursday
evening at 9 o'clock, Savannah every
Wednesday evening at 3 o'clock for Fer-