Florida mirror
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00054505/00181
 Material Information
Title: Florida mirror
Uniform Title: Florida mirror (Fernandina, Fla.)
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: A.B. Campbell, Geo. Burnside
Place of Publication: Fernandina Fla
Creation Date: August 18, 1883
Publication Date: 1878-
Frequency: semiweekly[<1894-1899>]
weekly[ former 1878-<1886>]
triweekly[ former <1890-1891>]
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Fernandina (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Nassau County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Nassau -- Fernandina Beach
Coordinates: 30.669444 x -81.461667 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Nov. 30, 1878)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1901.
General Note: "Democratic" <1880>.
General Note: Editor: Geo. R. Fairbanks, <1887>.
General Note: Publishers: George R. Fairbanks, <1885-1886>; Moore & Manucy, <1887-1891>; The Mirror Pub. Co., <1894-1898>.
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002057832
oclc - 33834378
notis - AKP5868
lccn - sn 95047336
System ID: UF00054505:00181
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Nassau County star

Full Text


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18, 1883. NO. 38. : ___

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TIIROUGII THE ORANGE BELT with April 1st, 1879, and closing with March I be seen that a judicious selection of crops : .- 7} I : : : The
:1 """ International Railroad
= co from the
I :: O O O O
31st, 1880. The year is thus constituted because and the same employment of means used in = O < 0 0 0 1-
;;;; Q 'Cico"O ::G CICO Georgia line to Key West, has graded most
From the Atlantic to the Gulf. it is the only consecutive time in other States will,and does_ make equally fair i-..o... 5- I : : : : f =.ci... of the distance from Jacksonville to Palatka. ,

which I have remained in Florida a whole returns to the farmer; while in the depart- . and the Jacksonville
< Tampa & Key West
THE SECTION OF COUNTRY TRAVERSED BY THE year round. ments for which she ;alone can claim preeminence ll-:: I.;-. .:. .:.S8COO :.. :.. .:. :.. .:. 3_
.-r.... Road have also graded and their line 1
: ; :. .. :. :. :. :. .:. :. : prepared
RAILROAD "Now, I desire to say, right here, that I the profits exceed any other industry 2i X0 .
FLORID.TR.NSIT I d r n //1- ::_Ii : ::" .0... : : : : :. for the iron over the same territory both &
was more comfortable i in regard to excessive dependent the : .4 : : 1' : : : :
cultivating soil.
upon o 0-1 . .
ITS ADVANTAGES CAPABILI I II . roads having Tampa and Key West as their
heat, than in any summer spent in Washington RICE yields, on the flat lands of the State, I ulterior

TIES AND FUTURE-FACTS THAT District of Columbia, or at my homein from 30 to as high as 80 bushels per acre in ct- 1>noQ, OOI008or- termini. A narrow-gauge road has
.tt .00 !:.. !. been chartered, and in part constructed
WILL BEAR INVESTIGATION. Mohawk New York. The truth is, it is the rough; or unhulled state, and is usually Potatoes PotatoesBushels Bushels 410 rl/5-;0 -'roc C:! 0 0r from ,
1 1 _oii co r I ttl ft CC Cove Spring, on the St. John's,
hotter in the long of and worth to the ..1cu
In response to many inquiries from various days July Augustin producer $1 per bushel. Thereis Melrose..

Quebec in Lower Canada than it is here. limit the .. -. .- .. .. .. ..
scarcely any to extent to which c ,
Motions of the Union, in regard to the landsof -o i :o o :. :. :. .: :. : From Live Oak a broad-gauge road has
Then, too, we have breezes Cither from the this valuable ,be .::: X) rr1 Q :o. .o. .
crop may grown. 03; O CJ:) : : : : : : : been built south to New Branford
Florida Transit& Peninsular Railroad, on the
Gulf of Mexico on the west, or from the COUN.-In the counties- the line of g > t':co :cfa tiGI : : : : : : Suwanee
I river at the head
: : : : : : : of navigation on
the Land Commissioner in this city, Mr. Chas. Atlantic Ocean on the east. These, with the the Transit it Peninsular, Railroad corn is that river. It is intended to this "'

\\'. Lewis, has prepared a circular, giving as trade-winds, have a cooling influence upon quite largely grown, thbugh not a great deal U:n, :?;!; 1 p o-rcc.I +! L 00000I.- r-I!: 0 IoS into South Florida the carry extension '
c-'i 60 for .
T !.co 1'1'_ :o!ri i5ooc.co grading
full and trustworthy information in regardto the atmosphere."If of care is bestowed ,.upon it. The yield is "33 I O'"i'r- --J"co"C5"o"'i:) coo < ci"prsco a portion of which extension has been already t l.,

the following tables show a less degreeof about an of twenty bushels .'.;.:.;.0
this section as it was possible to obtain by per acre. done. Roads have been chartered 1
heat than the statements of the Signal Governor Drew, on his farm at Ellaville -
on c from Leesburg to Indian river Tavares '
personal observation. The matter is of so Corps it will be due to the fact that their o M C2 00 O ;. T-IOOOPQO: to
the Suwanee river, made 100 bushels to the ......._ O p OO CO 1-1 '"i'I-O.10C Orlando
<.1.1.1 o < < etc. No portion of the State is
d ?
.... co now
much value to the people at large that we thermometer is located in the central part acre by the use of manure and skillful culti- 0-o, :.f 1 o.t-r'i without railroads,built,constructing or con

take the liberty in quoting largely from this of Jacksonville, where it must be more or vation. The soil at Ellaville is similar to "'TJ templated. The opinion !has been advancedby
less affected by reflections from the streets that of Marion and Hernando. 42* 'Z co-;o :. :: off O O O O ::11':)
circular T O I-O
: s tocfoi-r : :xooo-rw-r_ _ :c an experienced railroad man that the I
and houses, while mine is placed in the ..
OATS, though not generally planted, can o : v COt .-top... products of Florida would sustain a railroad s
FIRST IMPRESSES ON ENTERING where such p :. .: vl .: ;,
country no
THE STATE. can be depended on to yield a fair return in the rn over every strip twenty miles in width.
ence it. -'Z 0 r- CoI 0 0 010 0 00
central counties of the State. 1
o ooo :t'OOIC 00C:! The Transit & Peninsular Railroad, from
The individual who enters Florida from Very respectfully yours, =:: 1_* >C:_'-G.O >C 0 CO_C-l.:O <:!.0_
COTTON is not so extensively grown as in 0'I :r. r-IC L its central location and directness of its' lines
the east t'ia the ocean route, or by the various "F. E. SPINNER. 1-101:) < .:Xfi CS CO:) iQ
times past, other crops proving more profit- CI .ip8 of communication northward, will necessarily ,
railroad lines, will meet on the threshold -- .
MONTHLY STATEMENT OF TEMPERATURE. able and more easily produced. 73 :>-t o : :0 be the great trunk line of the penin
'co frco :808 h
with many surprises. and perhaps with dis- April, 1879......Mean maximum...........73.53 SUGAR and MOLASSES are as yet only produced 8:j- : Oti :O r ::CO sula. Numerous branches will be constructed t
appointments also. Coming from a section Mean minimum ...........58.00 -4 'o ::Ch-4 :moo : _oo:2:.... .ctO'i 1
by farmers in a small with the as the country advances in
way, : : ww : : population, ;Sand
::1 for
of the Union which abounds in all the facil- average month..65.76

ities and methods of civilization and wealth May, 1879.......Mean maximum..78.0011ean rudest of appliances. The. following letterto :: OO O II'I':) :) O CO O :00 O! LO <:-! <:-l.+ CO i-l OC -fcocococoociCs'Mot
from ntinimunt..66.00;( the CommissiOJ f Immigration was '=.,d & .xJ_ _..._ *q.;0_ olnLw : line and branches can be loaded in through r,'
he finds a new country just emerging Mean for d 8 :) -ofOfOOCCOTCSClpaO :
average month..72.00 written by Dr. S. Stringer, of Brooksville cars and sent to their destination, either by It %
the disabilities of frontier and pioneer life. June, 1879......Mean maximum..........82.30 >aU -! 1C r-l: C-l ?l : ? t

Accustomed to the noble scenery of moun- Mean minimum ...........:70.70 Hernando county, and will" convey about all o #>,. ... : steamship from Fernandina and Savannah, '
Mean average for month..76.50 that can be offered, as X"et? on the subject! of = _00 0 .. L 0 r-0 0 C:! -r L7u 0 or by rail to the West with the utmost
tainous or hill country, he encounters a July, 1879.......Mean maximum............87.90 farm crops. It was written in 1870, to Hon. d. o 00 r-L t-xM 0 0-8. 8 speed which can be g'l'n.. So far as the '
flat region but !slightly elevated above the Mean minimum ...........,7.4.60Mean $ '::: 5" r0 r-: 1.5LSfS'0 -t* oo cfo_
J. S. Adams :: ::
: oN .r.:1 i-l 00 CH-aw-r-rc" I country adjacent to this great trunk line is r
level of the ocean ; along the coast and the average for month..81.25 i .> rh-

margins of the larger streams he casts his August, 1879..Mean maximum............84.20 )K\R SIR:-Yours of the first inst., ask- -. -.- i concerned, the question of transportation i is

Mean minimum ...........74.40 0m;;; 'B :--1 1-0 .....I IOO ro happily and favorably settled. As a natural
eye across vast stretches of marshes. On a Mean for month.. ing for some statistical information as to =:_ o to-<:-1 r-*N c: 1-1 :I oco -r
average 79.30 us "i' towns
0001yJ.-it-Lot--Mn. i'
consequence new are building
superficial observer: this will have a depressing September79..Mean maximum............78.90 what had been done in the way of crops in Upy, F: r'r-rM.Ot-t'-Inr-Ar'-' jx'-4 I every

and discouraging influence-}in fact hundreds Mean minimum ............G9.80Mean this (Hernando) county, came to hand a 1 C I II I station along its line growing, the country c '
for c-i'-4'- : :) r-I is being fast occupied and advancing -. r
month..74.35! p property
of persons have been so unfavorably average week or ten days ago. In reply, 1 regret to -I-t) r-r-o a6 r-0..8r-C:! J 1- ,
October, 1879...Mean maximum.....,......7G.OO i oc-ioirji'iooct'.oJST-too! in value.
!I impressed at the outset that they have gone Mean minimum ...........08.00 say that I have not been able to make search "Iy- 0 1l C5 rIOIC5i- t '1 1o I The State of Florida iiv "'

; away from Florida without making an effort Mean average for month..72.00 for such information as I would like to have 1'0 I'I occupies a position '.

!; to learn more of her claims to favorable con- November/79..Mcan maximum ...........71.60 given ; still, such as I have collected conies I I = l- *}) -O O I"O! O! OO 01 O C5 1C QO COT1 -* II relation to the great international lines of
Mean minimum ...........55.00 I ;; -'.twt C2 CO--.l-ryJM XI O C5 Tl: 'Ci"rO?O 2S II|'I| commercial highways, so favorable that its
sideration than this first from men of intelligence and 1.- t
: hasty glimpse may unimpeachable t ,

have conve 'L(1. In some cases the State has December, '79..Mean Mean average maximum for.month..G3.30...........71.00 veracity. In gathering these facts, I ,-....-....-;...-.... .... .... .... .... .... .... ......-toFLORIDA'S .. I'I importance of has long been In attracting the attention ,'

lost those who would have made good citi- Mean minimum .............51.00lIean selected those who represent different partsof ;:.Q I : : : : : : : : : : capitalists. these days of rapid }
average for month..G2.50 :: : :. :. :. ... d :. '.: : : 8 transit and gigantic enterprises, commerce '.
zens; but in the greater number she has the county in order that a fair exposition I = .0
January, 18 Mean maximum..69.10 COUNT t; r:.; ::2..::: : p .B :.0 seeks the more direct route between the great c#
undoubtedly been a gainer by their absence, Mean minimum ..........54.60 of what had been! dongrjn! the county! at I 7'T.} Q) .s.:. >.'!;j ::) >>.'!- = .!!l
d d centres of trade
4 --
... d ._ -going across .taF
as they were evidently too !shallow-minded Mean average for mbi 1 th..61.85 large, and not favorite localities, might be I. I r d d .:.. r. Ca r.r;: M.=MigAU."h ::: or throughnatural {
j. to make a careful estimate or just discrimination : February, 80..Mean maximum..67.00 given. The figures below are intended to iriinediinents without reirard- to cost
Mean minimum .............53.00Mean when by so doing time may be saved or distance '
between the advantages or disadvantages show what has been produced per acre:
average for mon th..oo.OO RAILROAD SYSTEM. shortened. In the have .
Europe Alps
to be encountered in a new country. March, 1880..Mean maximum..74.00

However, with each passing year the obstacles Mean minimum} ............60.30 I I v .... I I c.O. The peculiar conformation of Florida nat been tunneled and magnificent bridges
c .
I j
Mean for ; urally suggested, at an early period after thrown across straits and rivers in America '
to be met by the immigrant are be- average month..67.15 N.UIE. :: ti C: V..o... v .fj ; 'r..
coming obliterated; the means of transport- STATEMENT OF TEMPERATURE BY SEASONS. o b o I. (5 1 >j I" I Ih.oCt0 ;: the admission of the State into the Union, a the Hoosac tunnel, and the great bridges: t

ation are greater and more comfortable; the Spring...........Mean maximum...........75.18 -1-- -- -J J1 system: of internal improvement by railroad spanning the St. Lawrence, the Mississippi, t

for observation Mean minimum ...........61.60 A. T. Frienson..... 56,40 400 700 ...... 251.' ..... which would reach all parts of the State as the Ohio, and lastly, the wonderful wire ,r..l
cost traveling or for pleasure Mean average for season..68.30 Jesse; Clarudy...... 63150, ...... 1000,3400,43, ...... advanced. The State of Floridais the felt rry
population bridge East River between
across New
is greatly reduced; so that now a per- Summer......,..Mean maximum...,.......84.80 J'T H., O\lld........ ,1400 ,,,,,...... t,
son who may contemplate making his homein Mean minimum ...........73.27 Ill. NICks........ 30 ".1 1400 ,1000 1100'36001 26001"" ...... like an L upside down. At its northeast- York and Brooklyn' are all striking proofsof

State have for Mean average for season..79.00 James Parkston.: ... .. .....,''...... ...... ... 1800 eastern terminus the St. Mary's river forms the impatience of commerce at the delays .
our can
no excuse failingto Autumn.........Mean maximum............75.50 Dr. W. T. [ayo.. 60 GO.1......1.' ..... ......!52_...... the boundary line between the States of caused by obstacles which delay or check i
know all there is to learn concerning the Mean minimum ...........64.30
Florida and Georgia. The entrance to the the speedy realization of her schemes. The
physical features of Florida. The longest Mean average for season..69.90 Mr. Frierson made 200 gallons of wine from

stage journey in the peninsular portion of Winter...........Mean maximum..69.00 eleven scuppernong vines-over one-sixth of St. )[ary's was by far the best seaport pos- long struggle to discover the northwest pas--

the State, between the Georgia line and the Mean minimum ............53.90Mean an acre. sessed by the State on its eastern coast. On sage from Europe to Asia shows how persistently -

average- for season..61.45 the Gulf of Mexico it had several harbors, she seeks the nearest route for the-
Everglades, is one of about sixty miles; the STATEMENT OF Mr. Gould says the above is his average
means of travel are either by rail or water Mean maximum TEMPERATURE FOR THE YEAR. the most important of which was Tampa means of transit; and the long battles with

76.10; mean minimum, cropMr. Bay. and further south Charlotte Harbor.At the Arctic ice-fields having demonstrated: .
routes all comfortable reliable and in 63.20 Nicks
most ; mean average for 366 days, 69.65. gives the above as-ihis average
cases as good as will be found elsewhere. Highest temperature, July llth. 99. The crop. the angle where the coast trenched west- the impracticability of ever making a commercial -

The "prospector" may have no fears of en- mercury reached 90 but eleven times and Dr. Mayo makes 4.900 pine-apples per acre. ward was the harbor formed by the Cedar highway through that high latitude;
fell below 40 but seven times during the the mouth of the Suwanee river. the wonderful
Keys, near development of railways and
countering hardships while seeking to please year. Lowest temperature, November 21st It is not to be understood that these crops
Further west was St. )Jark'convenient:; of steamships having revolutionized the meth-
himself 33 .
in the
selection of
a new home; are every year, nor by every farmer;
railways, steamboats and hotels are at his As General Spinner is neither land agent but they have been raised by the gentlemen access to Middle Florida. At the extreme ods of transportation ; the discovery of the

service in every direction on the main lines nor a hotel keeper, his statements may be time and again, and, with labor that could western end of the State was the noble harbor electric telegraph, by means of which timeis

of travel, while for shorter excursions\ good considered to be wholly disinterested. be controlled, could' be raised successively.Mr. and bay of Pensacola.As annihilated; the development of new

horses and light vehicles are to be hiredas Below we give a tabular statement of observations Frierson says l he can do so now if the the peninsula was, in its eastern part, commercial centres from which shall radiate
accommodated by the St. John's river the trade of the world it is of
almost a system great importance -
cheaply as anywhere else. In as summarized in the Army Meteorological seasons are not unfavorable. Suffice it that .f
fact the Florida of 1883 is for the these of railway, beginning at Fernandina at to the capitalist to discover which of '
widely differ- Register, purpose of com- figures have been attained, and, too, t

ent, in many particulars, from the Floridaof paring the temperature of Florida with other by the old-fashioned way of farming, there the mouth of the St. Mary's, extending the many projected and existing lines of

1870. Time has cured many evils and points in the United States: not being a single improved farming imple- south centrally through the peninsula as a communication shall prove the more econ--
trunk line to be connected with the omical both in
has country and cost. '
many virtues and advantages ment in the county-none being used save

in our condition and surroundings. We I : I I -- y'ri f I .:_:: the turn-plow, scooter, sweep and hoe. Mr. on either side of it by lateral branches, was There are now five great railway lines
OQ ..: .s:::.. :: :;
no seek induce ;:! s... ::: ..... ':_"::> decided upon. Also a line of railway from across the continent of North America, two
longer to settlement and the fj- .'"> c- Clarady says that he fully believes with .Ise
investment ;:! ::::w rj Jacksonville, on the St.John's river, to Pen- of them already completed and the others in ,
of capital by pleading "what -r.a- s::: '-" {) improved methods of farming now in use in
E > .xI"1 wk .;-; saeola. The wisdom of this system is seen active progress-all soon to be the patient .t ,y
may be done in Florida, but we point E;;; ::::: the Middle and Northern States, with the
w at a glance. The railway was constructed servants of the volume
proudly to what.lugs been done and is doing -- energy pf the people of those sections, 'we mighty of trade and f
in January..... 57.03 61.53 66.68 28.28 before the war to Cedar Key from Fernan- travel between Asia and Europe. Notwithstanding
13.76 could .
our noble State; and on the strength: of cope with any of the States in raising ,
what Februa!)'... 59.94 63.54 68.88 28.80 17.57 dina, and to Quincy from Jacksonville, all this, there comes an imperative
is already accomplished, we invite the l\arch......., 63.34 67.72 72.88 37.63 cereals. He has seen an experiment madein
with a short branch to St. Mark's. Withina demand for still
intelligent farmer and the active businessman ApriL....... 68.78 71.82 75.38 4M.70 46.34 wheat-growing in this county, on a small quicker time, for still shorter

to embark their means and cast in their May........... 73.50 76.64 79.10 59.82 58.97 scale, and says that it was as fine as any he new years past the system has been extended distance, in the transit of the world's commodities t

lot with June........ 79.36 70.46 81.63 68.41 68.46 ever saw in Tennessee on its original line from Quincy to between the Pacific and the Atlan- },
us.SALUBRITY July........... 80.00 80.72 I 83.00 73.75 73.40 ; Kentucky or Georgia; Pensacola, and from Waldo to Wildwood in tic. And to meet this call there has been a ,
August-...... SO.56 80.43 82.00 71.83 70.05 in almost every instance there were
OF FLORIDA'S CLIMATE. September.. 78.60 78.28 81.92 64.31 58.86 four grains in each mesh, while in those of the direction of Tampa, which is expectedto sixth great corporation organized, whoso

The question as to the salubrity of our October...... 71.88 74.02 78.11 53.04 47.15 other States two were common, three very be reached in a few months ; lateral lines stretch across the continent at its narrowest -

climate has been settled to our advantage by December.No\.ember._. .57.26 64.12 61.99 66.94 71.03 74.66 31.98 42.23 31.67 good, and four extra! Wine can be raisedon branches have been made to Leesburg and available point. A glance at the map

the evidence of thousands of persons whose - -16.86 these lands with but little trouble. Mr. Silver Spring. of the world will show how admirably the

permanent or temporary residence has given :-ear......... 69.61 71.92 76.51 50.73144.54 Frierson makes one hundred and fifty to From the St. John's river narrow-gauge j position of Florida brings her into impor- I

the strongest confirmation of every claim two hundred gallons every year from only roads have been built from Tocoi, on the tant relations with this great international t .

set up for the Peninsular State, so that there The above. table shows the monthly andyearly eleven scuppernong grape-vines, and othersin St. John's, to St. Augustine, from Jackson- thoroughfare. Lying in a zone exactly suited l'

need be little more said upon this subject, I mean of 20 years at St. Augustine; of the county do equally well from small ville to St. Augustine, .from Palatka to to uninterrupted traffic throughout the year, ;_

though it may be useful to give a table or 25 years at Tampa; of 14 years at Key West; arbors. I Gainesville, and some distance south from with harbors on both the oceans capable of '

of 31 at West Point and of 35 there in the direction of Lake and from
years City the
two for purposes of reference, and by the ; years "Hoping this brief but reliable report of receiving largest vessels, this line must
at Fort Snelling. While at the latter point the vicinity of Gainesville to Ocala on the become of vast
one importance and its ter-
way of enforcing the many arguments to be what has been done in the way of crops in .
the mean annual variation in the range of west side,of Orange Lake, and the same roadis minal points become great aggregations of
advanced in our favor. The following letter this county will be of some service, I subscribe -
the thermometer is 59.64 at St. being continued to population'and
from General Spinner to the Commissionerof degrees Au- myself your obedient servant, Leesburg. of trade. FERNANDINA, by

Immigration in 1880 gives an account of gustine it is but 23.87 degrees, and at Key "S. STRINGER." From Astor, south of Lake George, a nar her natural advantages, bids fair to becomeone

his observations made at Jacksonville for West but 16.32 degrees. These figures, from row-gauge; road has been constructed and.is of these terminal points where the rail-

one year : the most authentic sources, show conclusively 'Ve think the statement,given above maybe being extended to Tavares. way and the steamship line must meet each

I that the claim made for the equabilityand taken as furnishing a satisfactory show- From Sanford a narrow-guage road has other. Her magnificent harbor invites, andwe .I

"DEAR SIR:-As requested by ;you, I have desirability of the climate of Florida ing as to the capabilities'' of the soil of the been built to Kissimmee, which will be soon think will compel,.the adoption of Cumberland -

the honor to make the following statementin rests upon something more than an imaginary peninsular part of Florida. for the productionof extended to Tampa. Sound as the port on the Atlantic '

regard to the temperature on the Bluff, in basis.FLORIDA. farm crops. From Palatka several roads have been ocean the best suited to all the requirementsof

the village of Brooklyn, a suburb of the cityof The following table, compiled from the projected for the coast and Indian river,and an uninterrupted traffic throughout the

Jacksonville, Duval county, Florida, as AS A FARMING COUNTRY United States tables for 1880
census gives a partial grading has been done. A few miles year. Beside this "Transcontinental Short r

ascertained by me, with the aid of a registering While Florida has not taken a high place- comprehensive view of what had been done of .narrow-gauge road have been built from Line, of which ex-Senator Windom, of

thermometer, for the year commencing among the States for general farming, it will inn agriculture up to that time : Rollstown towards the Halifax river.. :Minnesota is president, the State of FlorJt3cJtItID -

b t'aiw '


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1 i >' < ':. /THE FLORJDA M.I11KOU 1 l : AUGUST 18. ,

? nr ..
-. -
-- -- ----- :----- -- -- -------- -

c t t ; a. Ida last winter granted charters to two corporations begin at ,the eastern end and "go west." shores suitable for wharves begin within : from Fernandina, and is; twenty-five feet '. The number of boxes of oruf.*s s-JJipl'{ i

t 'i.. for the of First then is three miles of the sea buoy. : above the sea-level. Here the land is from this
t + -one construction a outer Among principally station last: season was about 2,V>0 p- :,

:p i ship canal across the State, and the other NASSAU mUSTY other incidental advantages of this l harboris pine, dry, and easily prepared for ALACHUA COUNTY. 1 I

+ for a barge canal which shall follow the lying in the northeast corner of the State, 1 I that the water procurable for ships is of cultivation. Clay underlies the entire region. This is one of the largest and richest counties

i+, ; ,;4 .r natural waterways from Cumberland Soundto with an area of 600 square miles; is boundedon such remarkable quality that it is carried But little is done in agriculture, logging and I in the State, having an area of 1.3to; :\

s 3 to the Mississippi river at New Orleans. the east by the Atlantic'ocean, on the upon voyages across the equator to Montevideo the production of naval stores engaging the I square miles, and a population of 18.700.

'it; fy kl There is not the slightest cause to doubt north and west by the St. Mary's river, and and other South American ports attention of almost every one. I I The first village in this county. on the line

a i lY'r''a f the ultimate construction of both these on the south by Duval county. The countyis and back to Fernandina, without undergoing ITALIA, about twenty miles from Fernan of the Transit Road is

canals. It is easy to see the importance mostly low and flat, with'many rivers and any change, or losing its purity and fit- diva, is the site of a village devoted to 'Y.\LDO.-This |point is the junction of

of these enterprises, and to feel that their I creeks coursing through its eastern border. ness for drinking. brick-making, there being at this point one the Transit and Peninsular roads-the Peninsular -

J influence on the prosperity of Florida will The lands are adapted to agriculture, lum- General Gillmore states in! the following of the best beds of clay for this purpose in division extending south through

r' : ; ::44 r : be of Incalculable value. The ship canal bering, and to the production of turpentine. letter what results are designed by the East Florida. Among other crops that can Alachua and Marion counties. Waldo has*

i ,', will afford a safe and short water-way .fort There are also excellent beds of clay, from works in progress at the entrance of Cum- be successfully cultivated here Is the peach, a population of 400 and has many advantages -

large vessels from the Atlantic ocean to which bricks are now being made that are berland Sound : the soil being to a large degree favorable to in her location. The lands around the

; ,, the Gulf of Mexico, thus avoiding one of equal to the Northern bricks usually sold in UNITED STATES ENGINEER'S OFFICE, this fruit. town are strong clay soil, peculiarly favorable

{ ; ; the most dangerous regions on the globe our ports. These bricks are sold at the kiln NEW YORK, August 16, 1881. }j Seven miles from this point is to garden and fruit crops-particularly

known to the navigator. The other, b)' for$6.00 per 1,000. Thus far the :supply has lIon. D. L. Yulee : CALLAHAN, where the Waycross Railroad the peach and the pear of which fruits there
DEAR SIR In to communication
: reply -
; means of inland navigation through channels not been equal to the demand. Gardening of the 15th inst., I have your the honor to crosses the Transit Road. The principal are many fine orchards already planted.

't t'i f u p ,t easily constructed, will draw to our in this county has not yet assumed large say that the low jetties I am now construct- business of this region has been logging and From this point the Santa Fe Canal affords

;.ti ports the great volume of produce yielded proportions, although a few persons have ing at the entrance to Cumberland Sound the production of naval stores. There is:: communication by steamer with the lakeson

.fck : I by the valley of the Mississippi. These great for several years been very successfully en- depth will, in of my twenty-one opinion, maintain feet ; and a low-water a greater now a mill devoted to the making of shin- the southeast, the largest. Santa Fe lake, .'W

,i: ':! projects are promoted by the large-minded, gaged in trucking on Amelia Island and on depth than that can be secured by buildingthe 1 gles and the manufacture of material for being a beautiful body of water with hold, "'"

i. n' ,' 1 1 far-seeing "captains of Industry" whose armies the main land near the rivers. It is unfor- jetties higher than they were originally vegetable crates and orange boxes. The altitude clean banks. At, the south end of this lakeis

? s envelop the face of the earth, whose tunate'in, some respects, that the many advantages designed.If of Callahan i is thirty feet. The countryis dlelrosetbe western terminus of the Green
made in accordancewith
.r i '::. ; enterprises draw into their vast network the 1 1r which this county offers have been appropriations my estimates the are workscan be finishedin flat, the soil of good quality, with clay] Cove SIringIelrose Railroad, now under

', '" ;.: '.'.r ;;.. 'f, produce of all sections, and from whose passed by for more remote regions. It is three to four years. subsoil. But little cultivated land near the construction and on the eastern end of

.>: '; 'l.! .' -schemes all must receive benefits in proportion from twenty-four to thirty-six hours nearerto Very respectfully, your obed't serv't, village, though to the west there are some which several miles of the iron are already

u' : ':;' to the intelligence with which they the port where produce must be trans- Lt.-Col. Engineer Q. A.and GILLMORE Bt. Ma],.-Gen. good farms. From Callahan to the St. Mary's laid. The altitude of Waldo is 150 feet. The
..:, ;:< ;may comprehend and cooperate with them. ferred to steamers than the more distant river is about nine miles; to Jacksonville oldest and largest orange tree in Florida i is

!. .;:.i' 'This activity cannot fail to produce a beneficial counties, thus permitting the producer to The mean rise of tide at Cumberland en- about twenty miles. near this place at Fort Harley. It measures

;' : 4 r influence upon every interest of Florida. put his vegetables on board in a fresher con- trance is G feet, and of spring tides 7 to 8 DUTTON and BRANDY BK.YNCH are the last:; 8 feet 6 inches at its base,and is 37 feet high.It ; .

j' :: The farmer, the gardener, the grower of oranges dition than can his neighbor in Alachua, feet.The points in Nassau county. Altitude fortyfivefeet has borne as many as 9,000) ) orange in a
.; the merchant and the mechanic-all following extract from report of Gen-
+ Marion or Sumter.FERN.NDINA above ocean-level. Lumbering and tur- single season.

1' .j shall feel the impulse given by these large the most town eral Totten, Chief Engineer United States pentine are the principal industries.: The YULEE, six miles west of Waldo is a lumber -

.t ;. projects. And the immigrant, seeking a new business, and important the line as Army, in 1844, (Ex. doc. 2, 2d sess. 28th soil is similar to that at the preceding points, station, and is in the midst of a rapidly
regards population on
k! ,; home, shall he not find it to his interest to Cong..) is a very pointed tribute to the mer- is easily subdued, and has natural drainage. improving agricultural settlement.
of the Transit Road, is situated on the northern '
its of the harbor
; share in these beneficent results? The mag- end of Amelia Island, and extends from : DUVAL COUNTY. FAIRBANKS, two miles from Yulee, i is a settlement -
; nificent domain offered to all by the United "A very fine survey, recently completedby made by people principally from
the river to the ocean. Population about This county lies to the eastward of the
officer of of
f States and the State and an topographical engineers,
governments, by : Northern Illinois and partakes largely, in
3,200. There are nine churches, namely Transit Railroad which its territory
runs across -
the mouth of St.Iary's river of Cumber-
'i or
the various affords to ,
corporations, everyman its general tone and guise of the
: spirit of
lrC'b'terianIetho:: ist
: ( Episcopalian, Bap- land Sound, confirms the opinion long for a distance of about twelve miles.
'' the opportunity of !securing a home- en- the region whence came its population.The .
tist, Roman Catholic, and four colored (two tertained that this the most southern har- The area of Duval county is: JSfJO; square<
*' stead at low that need be ,
a price so none
all and
buildings neatly
are of
Methodist and two Baptist.) The principal miles and is almost equally divided hthe many
bor on the coast of Georgia is also of ,
; from choice from willful one
; landless.except or
them elegantly built. The altitude here i is
offices and the machine of the railroad
shops the safest and most accessible." St. Johns river. The surface of the country
; improvidence. And where shall all the conditions 155 feet. The lands are rolling, the soil
company are located here. There is a weekly In 1861 pending the late civil conflict the is flat, with a mean altitude of about thirty pro-
:< t favorable to and ,
<< so a rapid easy way ductive. Corn long cotton and
newspaper and three good( hotels in the Secretary of the Navy appointed a commis- feet. BALDWIN is the only (point in this vegetablesyield
to competence be more readily secured than
Fruit is
place. The Egmont is the principal hotel, on the Transit Road. Here the Florida good crops. receiving large
sion of remarkably eminent in naval county
in Florida? Not, in the :North not in the men ,
share of attention here, as, indeed, it does,
which the three winters
during past Central Road crosses the Transit Road.
military, and civil employment for the *
East in the West which has selection -
nor yet great
in all this ection of the State.
secured wide and favorable for
a reputation From Baldwin to Jacksonville the distance
of a suitable harbor the Southerncoast
: :already for a generation absorbed so largely on
GAINESVILLE, the site of Alarhna
its solid comfort and excellent fare. The county
miles i is that with but
is the
for naval rendezvous and twenty ; country :: ,
+ o..; r:: the best blood and brain-force of the nation. supply. They
calculated county, is I oca toil in the central portion of
site of Fernandina is
admirably little improvement until near the latter
made the
Ko-grand as the great Northwest is in report:
opportunity the Arredondo of land about
grant, a
to attract and please all who visit the town. JULY 5, 1861. place. Jacksonville: is the largest city in
and! achievements Florida can
..1 iii""' The land is high and rolling,affording ready Hon. Gideon riles : Florida, having a population of about 15,000. twenty miles square famous for its fl'rtility.I.11"6e .
offer much more. Added to a soilS
generous of cotton oats and
corn -
: drainage, while the hills offer many very SIR: We have the honor to inform you It has many fine hotels and extensive business crops vegetables
< V rr' she possesses a climate of unequaled cqua- desirable building sites, from which a wide that the conference, in compliance with houses. have always been produced in this-
{ : t. t ,bilit ., and a geographical position which is wishes
t; view of the surrounding is spread your conmunicatedthrough Captain the north- section, and now the vegetable crops from
scenery The railroad next cuts
.' ,, ; t .attracting the attention of capitalists from Dupont, has had under consideration that this region exceed other portion of
i, before the observer. As a summer residence, of This any
letter west
part of your of instructions, of the corner Clay county.: countyhas
: .all parts of Europe and America and which
Florida of equal extent. Tomatoes cucumbers -
.t there be Atlantic 25th ultimo which relates ,
l cannot named on the coasta to the necessityof an area of 425 square miles, and at this
: f ''will ere long place her in the front rank of two the At- beans, Irish and melon
town with superior natural advantages ; occupying or more points on point the rapid increase in altitude begins : peas potatoes
prosperous States. So the magnificent domain lantic coast! Fernandina being particularly are now the chief planted for market.
while as a permanent abiding place, it has mentioned as one of these points. which at Highland station and Trail Ridge is crops
of Florida presents unequaled -
opportunities The and other members of the citru
4 its own peculiar advantages, one of whichis It seems to be indispensable that there 210 feet above the ocean-level. From this:: orange
1 F t' to men of moderate means to come its healthfulness, being surrounded by should exist a convenient coal depot on the point southward through the counties of family are extensively planted, and many
i. in and secure, at a small outlay, excellent southern extremity of the line of Atlantic fine groves are to be !seen around this city.
salt water with rise of the tides of
a mean : Bradford Putnam Alachua )Marion
Clay ,
+: land which to build a home amid blockade ; and it occurs to the conferencethat ,
; r upon The LeConte and the peach are also
f' f six feet. The beach, extending the entire if this coal depot were suitably selectedit Sumter and Hernando, for a distance of 140 pear
'i pleasant surroundings, where his own handscan
this is the northern
largely planted. point -
length of Amelia Island, furnishes a delightful might be used! not only as a depot for miles, by a width varying from forty to seventy -
produce a plentiful yield of life's com coal but of and terminus of the Florida Southern Railroad -
r drive of seventeen miles and back, while as a depot provisions com- miles the country is hilly dotted with
forts. The State offers lands as low as eighty mon stores, as a harbor of refuge, and as a which is now running its cars to Ocala,
the in the surf is made safe and
bathing beautiful lakes, and with a mean altitude of
rendezvous for that
cents for her lands" when general or headquarters
an acre "swamp and to Palatka on the St. John's river. The
F pleasant by a firm, clean bottom and the part of the coast. about 175 feet. The railroad points in Clay
: t'I taken in lots greater than eighty acres; ands population of Gainesville is 3,000 and there
m'f' absence of dangerous currents. The fine We separate in our minds the two enter- county are MAXVILLE, BR.VINARD and HIGH ;
: <, some of these are excellent agricultural prises of a purely military expedition, and are two papers (one daily) published! in the
summer hotel, the Strathmore, on the beach, LAND. The lands arc of excellent quality,
..lsri lands. She also has school and internal improvement an expedition the principal design of whichis city. There is a machine shop two planing
is a well-kept, roomy house, with ample the establishment of a naval station for and trucking is becoming a large feature in
lands all at low
i prices-the highest mill box ,
mills and
vegetable factory
a saw
S veranda space, where the non-resident pop- promoting the efficiency of the blockade. the industries of this region. There are also
being$} per acre. The United States lands We shall have the honor to present plans cotton gins, etc. The East Florida Seminary,
ulace may find )hospitable: shelter while tem- fine in this sec
't "' many young orange groves
t t'i 1 are subject to homestead entry, or are sold the of for both expeditions : but we will begin a high school sustained by a fund set, apart
porarily enjoying delights sea-bathing. tion.
at $1.25 per ai-re. The Disston lands and the with the latter, premising, however, that we by the State for the is located here.
The Beach Railroad under BRADFORD COUNTY. purpose
now contract, think both of them should be conducted
i lands of the Reed :syndicate are also sold at There large mercantile houses established -
r. ? will facilitate the trawl to this beach, and simultaneously. The Transit Road next cuts through the are
t 9'' $1.25 per acre. Both these companies have Fernandina its trade III'i
is. by position, obviouslythe here, all well sustained by the
g .i eventually result\ in building a village on eastern end of this county for a distance of
+ .,, offices at Jacksonville, and local agents in most desirable point for a place of de- a rich agricultural region, of which iaiiH-s- ,
1 f u .p the sand-dunes along the eastern shore of about miles1. Bradford has
posit, answering at one end of the line, to twenty county ;
the counties: where their lands lie. The
ville i is the centre. There also six goat
i the island. To the tourist in search of mere Hampton Eousat the other. an area of COO :square miles, and is largely are
t' I; Transit t Peninsular Railroad Company pleasure, or the invalid seeking to restore: In addition to -its position in this respect, devoted to agriculture. hotels, the principal one being the Arling
also has large bodies of the most desirable it enjoys soveral'other advantages almost
ton. The altitude at this place is 12S feet!
exhausted nature's Fernandina ,..
powers, pre- to itself and well suited to the ob- L.\WTEY is sixty-six miles from Fernan- ,"
lands lying along the lines of their roads, in ARREDONDO BATTONVILLE and ARCHER arethe
:' sents many claims to consideration, and she ject in view. It has fourteen feet of wateron dina, and is one of the most! flourishing set- ,
,,: : each county through which the roads pass; I next three stations the Transit Roail
the bar at low and at on
water high
must eventually become one of the most: twenty tlements on the road. Its altitude;; 140
f n; ': and it is the policy of this company to give water a convenient depth for all steam vessels within the limits of Alachua! county. The
in south
e t popular resorts the presentingasshe feet ; the soil is of the best quality of high
I the most favorable terms to persons who buy of the navy, either propelled by screws, soil and surface of the are pretty
does, pleasant scenery, the hest climate, or side wheelsrated, as "second-class steam pine land. There are now l between 50,000
to and cultivate its land The Land
occupy much alike this section. Vegetable -
accommodations for the and under for all those rated throughout
superior traveling sloops" as and 00,000 orange trees in this neighbor-
,' Commissioner will furnish information re- healthful and convenient location "first-class steam sloops" which are propelled growing the dominant industry! : fruit,
f 'l 1 public, a hood, some of the most promising young
:, pecting t the quality, location and means of by and by most of the is
screws, same including the peach, etc..
and unlimited facilities for engaging in the orange pear
in the State being here. A impetus -
; :.l access to all property under his control. As class propelled by side-wheels when light, groves great largely planted: At Archer there is a very
i. various enjoyments by land and water so" and by all the newly-purchased and chartered was 1 given to orange growing in this
$ to their at the tables showing
products glance
a -
t41 fine : owned by Messrs.; Lipsey A;
dear to the sportsman and the lover of the steamers of every description, with the locality by the settlement of a colony of enterprising nursery,
:; t -. the amount of vegetables shipped from beauties of nature. The town is one of the exception, perhaps, of one or two of the gentlemen from Chicago, who, by Christie, who have devoted many years to ,
,. ;, the different stations; will give a fair idea. very largest mail-packet steamers when the business, and particularly! to the improvement -
best built and most little
neatly arranged
: and the
industry intelligence, judicious ex-
F rl+ ,Suffice it to say, in this place, that the lands deeply and of the peach.
l cities in the South. The streets arc wide These depths are perfectly convenient for penditure of money, have made Lawtey one acclimatizing
l of this of the best in the State
f' company Peach from this have given
and well drained. The business houses are the new sloops and gunboats now on the of the most attractive places along the line trees nursery
f .having been selected by men well acquainted stocks and for the merchant
r r{ the soundest in the carryinglarge ordinary ves- general 1 satisfaction.LEVY.
among of the road.BURRIN'S.
t : with the counties in which they lie; so that purchased or chartered for freight. The
jthe person desirous of carrying on a turpentine stocks! and having a trade extendingto main ship channel over St. Mary's bar into two miles beyond Lawtey, is a COUNTY.
the southern and western limits of the Fernandina harbor though not direct is by
lumbering and turpentine station. This This county has an area of 1,000 square
farm the lumberman be suited .
j can
rf tortuous or difficult it is easily
f. .k State, and largely into the :southern border no means ; place is the home of Mr. T. J. Burrin, the miles, and is bounded on the southwest anal
the best and
Ho advantage for his purposes; while defined by buoys. a range by means of
t :the gardener, the farmer, or the orange of Georgia. beacons renders the passage of the bar itself gentleman from whom it takes its name. west by the Gulf of Mexico and Suwanec

will also find the best of soils for The entrance from the sea to the harborof secure. lIe came to Florida soon after the war, river. In this county lies the famous Gulf
: grower,
Inside of the bar there is unlimited
: .his Fernandina is through the Cumberland an extent bought a large tract of land and built a mill Hammock. the largest body of hammock
fr purposes.V of deep-water accommodation and also
t "1 Sound. This sound or bay is very capaciousand the protection of smooth water before reaching in the then unbroken pine wilderness. land in Florida, of unbounded fertility but

affords well protected anchorage, in the land-locked basins. TEMPLES MILL is another point where as yet almost! untouched by the axe or the

FROM OCEAN TO GULF. I depths of from 30 to 70 feet, the depths of 30 The anchorage in Amelia river possesses lumber is the chief commodity. Vegetable plow. Where plantations have been workedthe

V The line of the Florida Transit Railroad to 50 feet at low water extending up and the Repairs quiet: of all and kinds safety may of an be carried enclosed on dock.with- crates and boxes are made here on a large crops have been unequaled in the abundance -

,:. :-passes: through the counties of Nassau, into the harbor of Fernandina. The en- out the fear of accident arising from motionof scale. There is a tram-road from this pointto of their yield. Sugar has been made

.Duval, Clay, Bradford, Alachua and Levy, trance to Cumberland Sound is obstructedby the water. Kind ley's Lake, the highest body of here to the amount of 4,000 pounds to the

p$ .. .a distance of 155 miles. The eastern terminus a narrow sand bar. which at present admits $ eWe water in this portion of Florida.- Altitude acre. Owing to the financial depression

: is at Fernandina, at the mouth of the only the same draught at Charlestonand are careful to avoid making this com- 143 feet. The orange is largely planted here, which immediately followed the war aUlIto

iSt. Mary's river; the western terminus is Savannah. This obstruction removed, upon munication a comparison unnecessarily of Fernandina long by entering with and thrifty young groves may be seen in all the almost exclusive devotion of attention -

j .at Cedar hey, on the Gulf of Mexico. the deepest vessels afloat could sail up to other places in the same region of coast- directions. From Kingsley for a distance of to the orange for the last few years, this

: 'There are twenty-three towns and villages the wharves at Fernandina. An improve- such as Brunswick, for example, which is about fifty miles southwest, the country is hammock has not received the attention

: on the line of this road, some of them of ment of this Cumberland entrance is now now connected by railroad with Savannah, thickly dotted with beautiful lakes and which its inherent merits entitle it to. These
and being more" in the interior is less
considerable importance, while the country in progress, under charge of engineers of the healthy ; or St. John's entrance, $ ponds, which add greatly to the many other lands are held at very low prices, and will in-

long the road i is becoming rapidly brought United States, which will afford an available which has an insuperable objection in its charming features of this region. Some of e..itabIpro'c to be the most valuable for

under cultivation. In some of the older settlements draught at ordinary high tide of 26 to 27 bar ; but we take pains, to say that such the lakes are very deep, and all of them are agricultural purposes of any on the Gulf
comparisons have formed a large part of
farming was conducted on a large feet, and at spring tides of 28 to 29 feet and our study of the whole subject. We have clear with good shores, and abound in fish. coast.

scale before the late war. Cotton was the General Q. A. Gillmore. under whose super- not spoken of the peculiar advantages of STARKE of which Temple's may be con- BRON.SON, the county site of Levy county

principal crop, while corn, oats, rye and vegetables intendence the work is being executed, reports Fernandina as a depot and naval station sidered a suburb, is a handsome town of lies among the hills. just at the edge of the

were kept subordinate to the great to the Secretary of War that a greater without attaching a meaning. F. DUPONT to the word.S. about 000 inhabitants. It has two good great hammock. It is thirty-three miles

staple. This is all altered now: while cot- depth can be secured by raising the heightof Captain U. S. Aiury, President.J. hotels, schools, and a good newspaper. from Cedar Key, and has a population of

: ton is still cultivated, the orange, the peach: the jetties." G. BARNARD, There is a large business done at this place, about 250. The country is:: rolling: and fer

1 the pear and vegetables take the first place The harbor proper is extensive, deep, Major U. S. Engineers, Member. as it is the trade centre of a prosperous com- tile, and the business of the town sustainedby

with most cultivators. closely land-locked with good holding Superintendent U. S. Coast A. D.Surrey BACHE, Member., munity. The lands in this section are of the farming interest principally. Large

It is with a view of calling attention to ground, and has bold shores, making wharfing C. II. DAVIS the best quality, and the orange and vegetable quantities of cotton and cotton seed an

E the advantages of this section as an agricultural easy and cheap ; and has connected with Com. U. S. jYary, Member and Secretary. growing' are each year becoming of shipped from this station.' The altitude of

region, that we.shall briefly sketch the it very capacious and well protected anchor- HART'S ROAD, the junction of the Fernan greater importance. The groves are yet Bronson is 120 feet.

counties and villages alluded to. We will ages between its wharves and the sea. The dina & Jacksonville Railroad, is twelve miles young, and but few of them in bearing. OTTER CREEK and ROSEWOOD' are the next


I -- -'. -- ,.., '" -- ... ..
; t v
\ ,
\..'._, j '


--- -- -- ---
--- -
-------- ------ -
. -I,
points to be noted. They both lie in the has long been famous for the fertility of her hl' able to pursue their inquiries with the residence of the Superintendent of the International FLORIDA VS. MINNESOTA. .

Gulf Hammock, and partake of the same' soil, which yielded the largest crops of sugar utmost f.lcilitThe, principal branch office Telegraph Line. There are two When one carefully considers the wide .
in the State while her of the Land Department( of the Transit saw-mills in this settlement and
peculiar features. The land; under cultivation ever yet produced two stores, difference of the conditions: under which the
are chiefly devoted to the citrus family sea-inland cotton still holds the market as and Peninsular Railroad Company is also carrying; stocks of goods suited to the needs farmer in the State of Florida pursues his

and to the production of'vegetables.' They the finest grown and is bought;, up eagerlyby located at this place. of the settlers. There are some fine bearing calling as contrasted with the farmer in
both afford healthful winter home to the the agents; of the great manufacturers, of From Ocala to Wildwood, the present ter- groves in this region. Farming and stock-. Minnesota, Iowa or Wisconsin, it is impos-
invalid, while to the sportsman the abun- spool thread. Corn, oats. Irish and sweet minus of the road, the-country presents a raising are theJeading industries. The cat- sible to overlook the great advantages whichlie

dance of game, such as! deer, bears, panthers, potatoes are largely produced this county, rolling profile, the land.mostly covered with tle are larerIu1; better than those of the on the side of the tropical State. In the .
and the smaller sorts of game animal: ?, gives while vegetables for shipment beginning pine with here and there a small hammock. counties further north. The range for stockis Northwestern States all the operations of
unlimited means of enjoyment. to receive attention at all points where Long Swamp is not. as its name would imply good, and grows better as you go south. the farmer are conducted on a large scale-

CEDAR KEY the western terminus* of the transportation is conveniently near. The a swamp, but a region of excellent From the south line of Hernando county, his work covers wide areas, and is performedwith
Transit Road, is situated on Way Key, one first point in this county is farming land, long noted for its fertility. through Hillsboro' and Manatee counties, the most efficient machinery that the

of the group from which the town takes its ORANGE; LAKE-"Citra," as the station has Midway between the railroad and the Ock- the country is flat and a great deal of it only genius of the inventor has been able to de

name. The population is 2,500 or more. been named-is the most famous of the orange lawaha River lies Lake Weir, a beautiful suited for stock ranges, though there are vise. He has a rich and retentive soil ; he-
The harbor is one of the safest and most groves of Florida. Here capital and body of water, with good banks and clean, quite large bodies throughout the entire re- has transportation at his door-in fact he

accessible on the Gulf coast. There is a good business: talent have joined hands and sandy beach. This lake has become quite a gion which are very rich and will yield has every advantage: which soil machineryand
large business done in pine lumber and red the result is an accumulation of wealth resort for the citizens of Marion count}*, and large crops of sugar cane, corn and rice. railroads afford, and yet to make more
c<'llar. A large amount of the cedar is sawed quite unusual in the history of agricultural the lands adjacent are rapidly becoming The county site of Hernando is at Brooks- than a bare subsistence he has to work early

into thin strips, and then boxed and shippedto pursuits. From this station during the past subject to the skill of the planter, many ville, a pretty village among the hills, almost and late, and every man and work animal
the pencil factories. Cedar logs are also season 57,700 boxes of oranges were sent to fine groves having ready been set out. in the geographical centre of the ('onnt under him is urged to the utmost to make
an article of commerce. In the Gulf Hammock market. This, it must be remembered, is This region is noted for its healthfulness; ).. It is about sixteen miles from the Gulf the crops on which they all depend for their 1
there arc valuable timber trees other the crop produced by trees which ten years and quite a large proportion of its inhabitants and about twelve from ths Withlacoochee common support. Beside the food crops for
than the pine and cedar, but they have not ago were in the dense jungle of a heavy are from the Northern States. It is avery river. There are two hotels two churches, man, the Northwestern farmer has also to

as yet been utilized to any considerable ex- hammock, most of the buds having been desirable region in every respect. a newspaper a livery stable and saw-mill provide food for all his animals, be they "

tent. Lines of steamers ply along the coast, put in less than seven years since. The two SCMTER COUNTY. here, with several fine business houses, car- many or few, for the space of seven months t

touching at the ports in Tampa Bay, Charlotte principal groves, those of Mr. J. A. Harris This county lies south. of Iariun and rying large stocks of dry goods and groce- of the year. The month of November finds P
Harbor, and Key West. There is also and the Bishop & Hoyt grove, produced respectively east of Hurnando.: Its area,- is 1,300 square ries. A daily stage line from Wildwood to his pastures cut off by the frosts and he

steam communication with the Suwanee 22,000 and 19.000 boxes, the net miles, and it may be said tQ contain a greater Tampa passes through Sumterville and cannot turn his stock out to feed until June,
river, St. Mark's, and Apalachicola: and a returns from which must reach nearly, if number of beautiful lakes than any other Brooksville, crossing the Withlacoochee at so that his barn must contain sufficient

line of steamships; connecting with New not fully, $3 per box. Besides these thereare county in Florida. The Ocklawaha river Pemberton's ferry giving this region the grain, hay, and roots to feed his faithful ser-
Orleans and the Island of Cuba. The trade many other younger groves on the south has its headwaters in Sumter, steamers running benefits of a daily mail. vants of the harness for this long period of

of Cedar Key is increasing rapidly, and"the shore of the lake, which are beginning to into Lake Griffin. Steamers also find each recurring year. His corn cannot safelybe
town will soon be one of the most important yield fruit, so that each year will witness their way into Panasotfkee Lake from the LANDS IN MARKET.In planted earlier than the middle of June,
commercial ports on the Gulf of Mexico. immense additions to the already large product Withlacoochee river, thus providing ample the following table we give in round and must be made in ninety days to escape .

There is considerable trade in fish, oysters of oranges at this point. Quite a village facilities for moving crops. There are many numbers the amount of land in market be- injury from the early frosts of autumn ;
and sponge conducted here. Cedar Key has has grown up at this station there villages in this county, and the northeast longing to the United State, and to the different there is very small margin for the contingencies

two good hotels and a weekly newspaper. being three stores a hotel and many private corner is quite densely settled. Sumterville, corporations owning land in the of bad weather, poor seed or a late

residences. Beside oranges, a considerable the county site, is two miles southeast from counties ell I unmeratcrl I. frost.: Such a thing as making two crops
THE PENINSULAR DIVISION. degree of attention is given to vegeta- the southern end of Lake Pana otrkee. It Tmllsit ; ''R United from the same piece of land in one season is
Disat/nl. l.
BOUNTY.: ee(
We shall now give a brief description: of bles here. Cucumbers, tomatoes cabbages, has a newspaper! two saw-mills and two .1 Railrofll, : I ,JtaleaNassau..48,334. almost impossible. Yet by skill, untiring

the region through .which the Peninsular peas, beans, etc., are easily produced from hotels. There is much excellent land in ............=,= industry, and by the use of the many laborsaving -
Division; of the road is laid. The first pointof the extremely fertile soil. Lands consideredas this region and around Panasoffkee Lakeare Baker. ..... 7,410 ............ ........ ........ devices at his command, the Northwestern -
interest after leaving Waldo i is particularly adapted to orange growing some large orange groves. Panasoffkee Duval..I 12.370........... 10.38.1., ......... farmer makes enough to support
establishment bring fancy prices-in fact it is hardly possible is i located the line of the Peninsular Clay ...........! 27.8G3........... 9011Bra'dford ......... himself and all that are his. and in addition
CAMPVILLE a lumbering village on ..... 3(5,178; ........... 04,239 .........
owned by the Camp Brothers, who broke to give a price for to-day which would Road, at the southern extremity of the Alachua .....- 29,582 29,000( 2S,51G'' ......... thereto grows a large share of the food for
ground in the pine woods in 1larch,1881. betaken tins day week. Still there are ex- lake, and offers large inducements to business Levy..i. ; 140,371; 61,000 21,247 ......... the dense populations of the mother country t.'y +4
Beside !successfully carrying on an extensive i cellent: bodies of land near by and along the men. The Withlacoochee is navigable Marion......+ 146,640 7.000 16,723: 3s,50USumter : after supplying the 50,000,000 at home. M +2,
.......: 2 ,()..10 75,000 11,140 17,500
lumber business, these gentlemen have made railroad that can bought all the way from for a distance of fifty miles, south of the Hernando...' ........... 300.000 17,951X ......... Now, suppose this Northern farmer should
a grove of 4,000 orange trees, which, we venture $1.25 to $3, $.3, .etc., according to location lake. and flows into .the Gulf of Mexico '01 rv ...........1.! ..:........' :!Wr) jJJ\*t......... ......... bring his capital to Florida should use the
to say, it will be difficult to match in and other advantages. The country south about twenty miles southeast of Cedar Key, Hillsboro'i ... '...... ..... (jO.OOOI.; .................. same amount of skill practice the same untiring -
of Lake rises rapidly and a I Putnam..... 10.280: ............'......... 5000 industry in pursuing his calling does
any part of the State. In addition to their Orange presents affording, with the railroad unlimited facilities ----
grove they have in nursery 125,000 young rolling surface covered with pine, with for trull l'urtatillJl. This town must any one question the success which would
orange trees and 4,000 young peach trees. black-jack undergrowth interspersed with eventually become, an important point. CHEAP HOMES. attend his efforts here? The absence:: of
They have an orchard of 100 LeContu pear small hammocks. Thirteen miles= from Orange There are many natural' advantages: ; the At the last session of the Legislature i of I' winter would take from his shoulders the
trees, and a large number of peach trees, Lake isANTHONY I scenery delights the eye and the curious Florida the following I.Iwas enacted. heaviest tax he has to bear at the North in ,.

among which is i the famous Peen-to, which PLACE: altitude seventy-two may find much in the sinks, springs; and While the grants to railroads will absorb: a the necessity of providing forage: for his domestic 1'
does well here. They have also quite a collection feet ; high rolling pine hind of good quality. creeks to amuse them as well as affording large amount of the internal improvementlands animals! for seven months of the year
of grapes on trial, among which are This section was settled long before the late excellent'sport.WEBSTER. there will still be a considerable por- Then in Florida the skillful farmer would : ;

Rogers'; Nos. 1.2.3 and 15. war, and had some extensive plantations.The .-This is a large and populous tion subject to the provisions of the act : I make two, and even three crops on the same g
The grove and nursery are under the air is exceptionally pure here and favorable settlement about ten miles south of Panasoffkee. SECTION 1. That any person who is the piece of land during the year, thus: making:
management of Mr.1V. II. Kayton, who informed to invalids seeking: repose and recu The surface of the country around head of a family, and is a citizen of this ten acres equal thirty at the North. He can l ea.
State, be entitled to purchase 80 acres or C
us that vegetables grown among peration Webster varied, the soil being sand clay, less quantity, of any of the internal improvement have fully as great a variety of products r
the trees paid all costs of cultivating the SILVER SPRING one of the. celebrities of marl, and in some places quite rocky from lands of this State donated to though different in kind. In the absence
trees and nursery. It will be well worth Florida scenery, is reached by a branch the cropping out of the limestone. In this this State I by act of Congress September 28, his dearly-loved wheat comes: in rice which rl,
the time for any one interested in orange about four miles from Ocala. There is a precinct general 'farmirig" is the dominant 1850. fur the price and sum of 25 cents per acre for acre, is the more valuable of the

growing to visit Campville\ and take a lesson large body of excellent land surrounding pursuit. There are large herds of cattle, acre.SEC. 2. The person applying\ : for the benefit I two. He can make as much corn to the "
from one of the most successful young the Spring, and within a few years much attention and there are also some horses bred here. of this act shall file with the Commis- are here on our best lands as he can in Illi-
groves in Florida The soil is the usual has been given to the cultivation of Horses sell at from $80 to $150 for the aver- sioner of Lands and Immigration his or her nois. He can pursue all the operations of
pine land, sandy surface, with strong clay the and to animals. fine serviceable statement that he or >he is the head of a the farm in a climate free from the extremesof
orange, more lately vegetables. age They are family, or i is "-1)'t'arsrJ\lotc of age. and
subsoil. The trees were mostly sour stumps, Steamers now run so as to make close con- creatures medium sized and much that Midi purchase is fur his or her exclusive heat and cold which he will have to encounter ,'
brought from Orange Lake and budded. Linearly nection with the trains on the Peninsular used under the saddle. Ponies sell at from UM! and benefit, and that such purchaseis at the North, and at the year's end 4
instance the buds had more or made for the purpose of actual settlement the old stocking'"will) be heavier than he
every Road, thus affording to the tourist one of the $50 to $80 each. There is considerable red and cultivation and not directly or
less fruit on them, and the growth was most attractive excursions in the State. By cedar in this region, most of which is indirectly for the use and benefit of any Has been accustomed to find it at the Korth
strong and healthy. Mr. Kayton also makesan taking the morning train at. Jacksonville shipped to the pencil makers. A great deal other person or persons whomsoever ; and Therefore, we advise: farmers to come to
insect exterminator! which he offers for passengers: can reach the Spring in time to of the smaller cedar is used for fence posts. upon filing with the Commissioner Lands Florida and lire. She pays better wages, 1.and

sale to those who don't know how to grow connect with a steamer in the evening, and White oak rails are largely used for fencing and the payment Immigration of 25 the cents same per acre statement, he or and she entertains her guests, and maintainsher
trees without it. make the round trip in twenty-four hour also, in the hammocks. shall thereupon be entitled to and shall receive sons in a more hospitable and even lavish A
These gentlemen intend laying out one One mile west of the Spring a company of Few counties in the State are so favorably a title to not exceed 80 acres, at the i manner than her Northern sisters can Ft..
thousand acres in village lots of 5 and 10 capitalists has bought 4.000 acres of land situated in every respect as Sumter. She price of 25 cents per acre. afford! to do. Her ummer lasts all the x
When entitled to the
Lands in this sell at, from SEC. 3. any person ," and it i is such a summer as can be r
acres. vicinity where they have laid out the town of now has means of transportation in three benefit of thi act has, or may settle upon :year
$10 to $15 acre where near the railroad.HAWTHOUNK under this act found in no other part of the earth. Her
per lands to
FOREST:: CITY.-This tract is high rolling different directions : To the eastward by any subject purchase: ,
a village born of the railroad, pine land, easily cleared, and lies within rail to Astor on the St. John's river; to the and; made i improvements thereon by erecting -. position between two oceans! is such as to- -
I ; buildings and fencing; it and cultivating her climate all the and invigorating J
has now a population of 300, a newspaper, the orange belt The company has the north by Peninsular Road and to the Gulf : not los than one acre. he 111" she shall have give modifying -
several stores, a good school house, two capital to build up a town here, and are of :Mexico: by the Withlacoochee river. Her : the first right purchase the land so settled effects produced by breezes com J?
churchesandan altitude 150 feet above the going energetically work to that end. The soil is as diversified as her surface is varied. I and any other person desiring to purchase ing across large bodies of water-never too .

ocean. This part of Alachua county, as the tract will be divided into twenty-acre lots She has a mean altitude of nearly 200 feet, original, the settler land so six settled months'shall notice first of give his the intention hot, never too cold never too dry, and very :,

adjacent portion of Putnam has long been with streets and avenues passing each lot. and the breezes from the Ocean or from the of doing so. seldom too wet. +
known, is a very rich agricultural region.At These lots will be sold to actual settlers at a Gulf I continually acting{ on the atmosphere 1 ---- The advantages which Florida possesseswill
Morrison's mill, near Hawthorne, is one low figure and on reasonable terms. Forest make the temperature cool and exhilarating, R.AXGID VEGETABLE SHIPMENTS become apparent to any man who shall
of the best water powers in the State. Cotton City is four miles from Ocala and only six to an extent that can hardly be understoodby Oranges and vegetables shipped at the fol- carefully study all the conditions that go to

ginning and grinding of grain for the hours by rail from Jacksonville. G. R. Bennett a person who has not had actual: personal lowing points along the Transit.& Peninsular make up the sum of human happiness as

planters afforded a good business. Recentlythis Jacksonville, Fla., will attend to all experience of it.HERNANDO. Railroad for the season beginning with d.pendent upon climate and the soil. )r

property has been sold to Mr. B. D. inquiries respecting this property. COUNTY. November 1, 18S2, and ending May 311883.

Weaver, a gentleman from Pennsylvania, OCALA, the county site of Marion county This magnificent territory is sixty miles This table docs not include shipments by EDUCATION. h'g
who has beside buying the mill, made large : The State of Florida has established system
: is a handsome little city situated in long by about forty in width, with an area a
purchases of real estate in the neighbor- lies between the express of public schools which are supportedby
the centre of the county and surrounded I uf 1,000 square mil s. It' i I Uratt'-s Bauds
T hood. )[Weaver has added a planer and by a body of the richest : counties of Marion.: Sumter and Polk and i elcla.I 1-eJ cta'a a tax upon the assessed value of the
a shingle mill to the outfit, and contemplates hammock land in the State, whichis I the Gulf of Mexico, and may, without exaggeration -- 1---I property and by funds arising from the :sale
': going into the manufacture of orange of Fenr.tuduCallahan na.........1.........................' 32 of lands set aside for the purpose.
Hawthorne now being rapidly converted into orange be called the leading county ............, 17i............1............ I
The State school is
boxes and vegetable crates. At tax one mill on the
groves, two thousand acres being already Florida in all that conduces to material Maxville........... -.a.--).............,I...... .....
the Florida Southern Railroad crosses the planted and many of the groves coming into wealth, and to the health and happiness of 'fcnlple's ............. 18 ............ ............ dollar, which i is paid into the State treasury C
track of the Peninsular Road, making connection bearing. The first at Ocala was the populace. Large as this county i is, there Starke................! 2473, 13 25 and is afterwards distributed to the several f
with Palatka on the east and with grove Thurston...........: 93 42............ counties: in proportion to the number of
planted by Mr. A. L. Eichelberger, who now i b only one incorporated town in it, but it 1Valdo...............I' 10.31 77 22Yulee.
Gainesville on the west. Vegetables are has a magnificent property at his home is well supplied with farming settlements. .................' 11 50 ........ scholars in each county of the proper age to F
rapidly becoming the leading crop in this stead. His first grove was made from sour Stores, shops, .'aw-millsand churches are so Fairbank ..........1 3 763' 34Gainesville. attend the public schools. In addition to
section, though there is still a good deal of stumps, set in 1870, and budded the following distributed: as to meet the Requirements of ..........! 2:3O-t8: 2S.184 2964Arre(1ondo. this, the County Commissioners have power,
cotton made. Corn has always been and is .......... 282 12,200 1771 in their discretion to raise a tax of 21 mills
season. In these young groves vegeta- the farmers, bringing all within easy reach att um"ill e.. .......'............ 397 G
long likely to be, a regular crop with the bles are grown and yield enough to pay the of the settler. In the Fort Dade settlement Archer ......... ..... 3.U 97G' 54Bronson. (the lowest sum fixed by law) to four mills,
farmers of this region. There are many 1 expense of carrying on the grove. There are there are !several stores, a Masonic lodge, ...... ......o' 231 ::18.'' 45Otter to be used for the support of the common
,. beautiful lakes hereabout affording abundance I and Creek.......... 19 35'............ schools of the several counties.! This sum
settlers from almost every Northern State wheelwright blacksmith carpenter 21.: .......
Rosewoopl ........... 12 ....
of fish and in the winter waterfowlare is at the disposal of the Board of Education,
now engaged in making orange groves in shop, three saw-mills and a weekly news- Cedar Kew .......... 3,337 717; 51
plentiful. this hammock, the streets of the town having paper. In many respects, this may be lookedon Cam Jlvillt!...........:............: 83;, 4 and as the State becomes richer, so the increased -
I K"IILOOS.the next station, takes its been extended through it in the south as a model settlement. The face of the Iawthorne........1! 128, G63, 5 valuation augmentstheschool fund, '
i h.chluosa...........: 1742 1749, 273
from the lake by which it lies. This and each year sees increased efficiency of
name and westerly direction to a distanceof country is hilly, with beautiful clear lakesin Island (;rU\.l........; 1G0i.( ...........1.! ...........
lake is connected with Orange Lake, and three miles. Ocala has several many of the valleys. Some of the higher Orange Lakc........ rJ4,317t 202k; IGAllthony teaching, and marked improvement in the +
: boats connect it with the many points on churches, a saw and planing mill, a ridges in this section reach an altitude exceeding Iacc...' 520, 8G; 10 character of the school .throughout the
Silver pring.....:' 4051 4.33: 400 State.
the shores of the larger lake. The land and Limestone out in ,
newspaper and a large number of 300 feet. crops Ocala.................. 3170. 084! 142 Beside i the schools the State has-
the natural growth are of the same general Ocala House is the The soil varies to considerable 3Im 14 common '
large stores. The prin- many places. Lake 1Veir.......... 6,301 ;
character as about Orange Lake, and it possesses cipal hotel, and is capable of affording ac- extent, though all of it i is of very good 'yiltl"ooc1. ..........;; G OOI 103 i GSEureka. established two schools of a higher; grade--
natural advantages. The orange marlis ............... ............ 62S'', 5 the East Florida Seminary, at Gainesville) ,
many commodation to 100 guests. There are quality. Clay predominates, though I II'' ......... I ...........
Dixie..................' ... .1. and the Wcst Florida Seminary, at Tallahassee. -
and vegetable constitute the principal many opportunities to make profitable investments largely present, in the hammock e:>pe- Ilmill pton, ............:............' 10,............
industries thus far. in and near this town, as it is cially. The With lacuochee river penetratesthe tT n k.n..1 I I I\& _' 5 These schools are supported froma
:. fund accruing from the sale of lands set
MARION COUNTY. growing with great vigor. Two rtilroadsal- eastern side of this county to withinten
roal...............!1. 104,5'30: 4S.4m-! 6042 apart for this purjKise, and are eacji; )..l'artr.'inJ
This county has an area of 1,000 square ready: run through it-the Peninsular and miles of its south line, when it bends I
miles, and in 1880 had a population of 13- the Florida Southern, a narrow-gauge road. abruptly to the east into Polk county.Tuekertown Hamnvick Ridge shipped 183 refrigerators more in favor with the public.
000. which has been largely augmented The principal land companies have agentsat ; is a settlement in the >
during the past three years Marion county Ocala, so that parties seeking lands will corner of the county. At this point is the of peaches. (C't/nttitral: on Sulk J'tflf!.)


,.1, I"-- .

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I f(

: ; ; .
\ '" 'ri.ik

;; ;:;l ;;1 ;" THE FLORIDA M1RR011 : AUGUST 1 18. t I

------------ -- .
/! Jf. 1 : THE FLORIDA Iimoi I tains are rich in gold, silver and precious POLITICAL. I plated, they find it more comfortable and I i law makes it my duty, after the first Monday ---
J 1' .
1.I n a1"r stones, and nearly all of the country is favorable Some of our contemporaries in remote less expensive to spend the warm months at in May-if returns are not made, to ascertain -
the value of the road from the best
to health and active industries. parts of the State seem to be engaged in some place .in the mountains of Georgia, information I can obtain, and
apportion the
1, SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 1883.
Separated from us by vast mountain political outlookingt So far as we can see, South Carolina or Tennessee, and go to New same among the counties through which it

F HOMESTEAD SETTLERS ON PUB1' ranges, inhospitable plains, their language, the material and ,immediate L interests of York the latter part of September. Octoberis best passes.steel Your rails,road and constructed i is new, ironed, according with the

: LIC LANDS. religion and customs foreign to us, we have fruit-growing, truck-farming! and railroad by far the pleasantest time to be in New the report of the State Engineer, in a supe ,

"t*, Our esteemed contemporary, the Lees- only known Mexico in the hostile collisions building occupy the K attention of our peo- York or to visit Niagara, or to take the circuit ; rior in every manner.respect It and i is claimed reported to to be have first-class been '

: burg Newt, in its ,issue of August which have occurred between thetwo coun ple a great deal I, n ;poJiti s'verY'little. The of Northern travel. built at a cost of more than two and a half

I' ;+. 1st, discusses the comments,, of the tries. Democratic party, .of the State, comparedwith The low rates of round trip tickets to the millions. It was known to have recorded
.1..f: mortgages for purpose of construction
,. ;. : Mirror upon its previous article at Texas, one of her largest provinces, having Independentismvis! like the broad deep Southern summer resorts will enable our equipment to the extent of $3,000,000. Now and

.a ',: considerable length. The Mirror threw secured its independence and subse- river in its silent flow, "contrasted with the people living in the lower Atlantic and Gulf I submit whether it is reasonable to charge

is : out such suggestions as naturally occurred quent annexation to the United States, has sputtering brooklet which splashes here and regions to spend the warmest portion of our that new it railroad is oppressive of that character to value 161 and cost miles and 7>f

r to it, and did not assume to represent or rapidly developed in wealth and popula- there with some noise but little force. The summer in the cool and bracing upland securing that amount of investment, at Si.-

speak: for the managers of the Florida Rail- tion. The railroad system, connecting the Democratic party in the last campaign was country of Southern States to far greater 610,'.00-a little more than half of its
pledges? This afforded the best evidence
,+,t.M.. r road. It has 1 had no communication with East and West, has, within a few years, by over-confident of success, and failed to come advantage, as regards health, comfort and command of the value placed upon the

,:f4 t them, and knows nothing more on the subject great trunk lines, passed over that enor- out to the polls. expense, than in the North, which is subjectto property by the management itself. But

t, t than the public generally. mous State and reached the Rio Grande, the There are more Democratic voters in the such great variations of temperature. you say :
"If the assessment is made upon the cash
t, ; i :3; The Leesburg News, as well as we can boundary between the United States and State than there were ever before. Thereare For the: sums reasons, the educational institutions value of the road we should be credited with

Mexico. and have determined divisions that of in the of the South located in these 150648.43, which represents the steamer
t t, : tr ,; gather from its article, faults the Railroad Capital enterprise no we are aware high Mobile, lost at sea, amount expended upon

j.i Company for taking an appeal from the decision to cross the barrier and create new rank and file which constitute the great upland regions present better advantages to telegraph line, upon which the Western

i of the register and receiver in allowing business, permeating the productive regionsof mass of the party. When the occasion demands our people, apart from the importance of Union Telegraph Company pays taxes, the
difference between cash price of rails and
; entries made upon the odd sections prior :Mexico, carrying to her people our goods we believe they will rally to their education among those whose interests, feelings spikes, at time of assessment and date when 1

t A1 to March, 1881, and from the action of the and manufactures, and bringing back her colors. The next Presidential campaign is : and pursuits:! are the same, and where we bought, the amount paid for damage to

Y. minerals wool and other materials. to be the issue of the and formed buildings! and ferries in right of way, none
i .,t commissioner of the general land office in raw fought on good govern- acquaintances friendships of which adds to the cash value upon which

( a; n confirming the same. It states that "the Liberal concessions have been granted by ment, civil reform I and reduced Federal taxation will be of very great advantage in the future assessments are based.

.. ,, ,,' appeals are based upon questions of law Mexico to encourage their railroad enter On these questions the Democratic lives of those who have been educated to- We would also deduct over$100,000 paid
+ t for extra despatch in building our road, an
;,' '; arising out of a recent decision rendered by prise, and active work is going on in their party are a unit.s gether. The comradeship of school life is item less than the matter of interest would

; + :l the Supreme Court of the United States." construction. One great line leads south to To carry out these principles they will one of the most interesting and enduringties have amounted to, had we adopted the old
: and consumed two
p It further admits the legal construction, the City of Mexico, and from Mexico to the doubtless select candidates who have the which bind men together. constructing our line.a year This or reduces more appa-in

i which it says is claimed by the Railroad Northwest. Another, which we have here- public confidence. The insignificant question Here, as everywhere, the greatest interestis rent cash cost for taxing purposes to 2,230:
Company, when it says : We know very tofore referred to, from the Rio Grande to of petty offices, and the individual nar- : felt in Florida. Thousands would go 765.99.
How these losses and expenditures can detract -
,,. well that under the construction placed by Topolobampo, on the Gulf of California row ambitions of would-be leaders, will be there if they had the means or could dis- from the value of the property, when

the judges of the highest court in the land with branches. A road has been for sometime swallowed up in the broader National and pose of their property here. I notice the the amount they represent is not taken into
; ., account in the assessment, I confess
,, : t upon the statute that the company can, by ; in operation from Vera Cruz to Mexico, State questions, which reach home to every almost ludicrous complaints of the home- to comprehend, nor do I see the my force inability -

f due process of law, lay claim to and perhaps and other lesser lines are being operated. citizen. sick lady, whose tearful eyes made the very of the reasoning that the road should be

secure the land embraced within the What will be the outcome of all this but It is not now in the power of small bosses, respectable frame hotel ;atCallahan look likea credited for the extra outlay caused by rea-
f son of the despatch with which it was built.
t t : additional sections and already occupied by the Americanizing of Mexico? These roadsare or large, to direct the opinions and votes of shanty ; who was horrified by the ants Mr. A has a new residence which the tax

lonn fide settlers." The News proceeds fur- built by Americans, although not alto- intelligent men on public questions. and melted by a temperature below that of assessor values at $10,000, but A objects because .
he that while the house
says, was in
: M ther to concede their legal rights, when it gether with American capital. An American In Florida we know exactly what we haveto Northern cities. We meet such people everywhere process of construction, and near completion -

1 says : The que.'Stion resolves itself merely population will follow these roads across contend with, und ..that the attempt will whose limited experience in traveling a fire broke out and destroyed it, and

M 1 to a matter of equity and fair play." the Rio Grande, establish mercantile housesat be made to withdraw enough Democratic and whose peevish dispositions seem to he lost $0,000 from the thereby assessed, and value that of must the be prop-deducted -

t That being the case, if there are no legal every available point. The surveyor's votes to allow the nearly solid phalanx of take delight in fretting over very common erty. Again, Mr. B's house is valued at

:. rights to sustain what must, in the light of chain will be run around tho most desirable colored Republican, under the lead of their discomforts instead of cheerfully makingthe 8000. and he complains that his house was
rtf '' constructed with
f t4 j1 > extra despatch,causing an
'", these concessions, be deemed to have been lands which will bo obtained by grant or white bosses, to out-coutit! the' Democracyat best of them. They seem to delight in additional outlay of $1,000 and that sum

,, illegal: decisions of the register and receiver, purchase, and soon occupied by an American the polls. Nothing I hut the grossest neg- self-torments and to enjoy discomforts for should be taken from the assessment.! This

introducedby lect and apathy will lose Florida to the the ofthem. The festive may he thought to be very absurd and unreasonable -
\ the whole question resolves itself into the population or a population pnrposeofconiplaining on the part of Messrs. A and U.

: exercise of a sound discretion by the com the Americans, and under their control Conservative majority, which should, as a mosquito is found everywhere, from the but to me it Is quite as reasonable as the position -

: pln: '. The News expresses its opinion as and influence. We use the name American matter of preservation, retain its control north pole to the equator.' None of our assumed in the above extract, when
you ask to be credited with the loss of the
;' ) follows : in default of any other to designate b! the .neo- upon the State government. No Democrat great cities of the North-New York, Philadelphia Mobile and for extra despatch in building

:1 t ,,*YS ," If the present managers of the railroad pIe of the United States. who deserves the name is prepared to sur- Baltimore, Cincinnati-are free your road. Had the assessment been based
from them but the homesick the actual outlay in the constructionof
: will be satisfied to allow homestead settlers ; very likely poor upon
f :. Wheat fields will spring up all along the render the interests of the Sateits finances,
road there would be force in
old sections who have had either of these cities your some
I \ on the fully complied lady never seen
with the requirements of the law, to temperate zone of Northern Mexico ; sugarcane its industries, and its places of trust to that in the summer. Florida has its discomforts, your reasoning, but it is plain to see that it
remain undisturbed in possession of their cotton, coffee and tobacco in thesouth- disastrous rule from which we escaped in was not, for after all the deductions to bethought
1 t. and the other hand avail its drawbacks, its annoyances to those who of: including price of rolling stock
:, r homes, they, on ,
; : themselves of the benefit of the act of June ern portion. Mexico can raise everythingwe 1876. There may be differences of opinionand from circumstances are not in a position to and buildings, the decline in iron, and $100-

.' 22, 1874 as: stipulated and agreed to by Mr. raise in the United States, and many criticism within the party, but n<> true be free from them. Wire netting placed in 000 for despatch in work. you make the
cash value of road whichis
i 1' k Yulee, when in management, all will go tropical products we do not raise at all. man will, in order gratify his resentments, the window frames will exclude the mosquito $118.2d3.0f: your more than$1.728.293.03 the: assessment,
a well but if the present managers of the
I ''f railroad; insist upon taking advantage of the Naturally we inquire : Will this region,so overwhelm his neighbors; his friends and ; cleanliness and well-known precau- placed on it. In view of this, the illustration -

; ry position which these settlers have been to be to himself in a common ruin by putting the tions will exclude the troublesome: little ant; ; put by you of Messrs. A and B building -
soon opened rapid transportation,
the favorable and
a factory, one a
$ j Pt fr I placed in by a recent decision of the United It insecticide and borax will dispose! of the upon
Radical-Republican ring again the other unfavorable foundation
t i t States Supreme Court heretofore referred to affect our Florida products, and compete power. upon an
i : there, all will go wrong." with us in the markets in which we now would be simply political and social suicideto roaches, and well-shaded houses with broad amounts to nothing. After settling upon
I verandas] and wide halls will relieve from $1,723,293.03 as the cash value of the road
:. I Now, we are not in possession of the facts reign supreme? Will truck-farming and do so.EDITORIAL. I the discomforts of the vertical of the you claim that you should be assessed at
I ---------- rays
t ; i j which would enable us to advise the railroad orange growing in Mexico rival our own showers in the only 50 per cent. of that amount. In this:
CORRESPONDENCE sun. Frequent summer, as in the whole line of your argument, you
; I '. : company in this particular matter, and similar pursuits? We do not believe that -- cool sea breezes, and heavy dews and radia- lose sight of what the law requires. It i ismade

t: ',I ( do not would be governed in Florida will be affected. the the duty of the revenue officers to assess -
;, i ..4{ we suppose they we injuriously TIlE MOUNTAIN REGION SOUTHERN CHAUTA- tion deprive earth of heat at night and .
property its full cash value and I
1 Ft' I ,)! ; by our advice. The much greater distances and the perish- QUA-HOTELS:\EIW1W-OPE\\G FOR FLORIDA make Florida a comfortable summer home. have no power or purpose to disregard its

: As we understand the matter, according able nature of tropical products will always HOTEL-KEEPERS-HOMESICK ----- ----- provisions when it comes within my province -
to act.Having
I ,. .,.' to the News' representations, it. is simply a give us a certain advantage in reaching CRITICISMS, ETC. TO COL. CHIPLEY. shown that your railroad has not:

;'. r i ,. question whether the railroad company markets, and ourclimate seems better adapted SEWANEE, August l-t, 1883. COMPTROLLER'S OFFICE, } been assessed above its "cash! value" even

1\; .. 1 will forego their legal rights in favor of the probably from its peninsular position, to It is claimed that the Mont Eagle Southern STATE OF FLORIDA, }[ by your own figures, your complaint to the
fi TALLAHASSEE= August 11. 1883. ) public i is:! reduced simply to this : Teat I
.I E i g.r: homestead who have settled upon the perfection of the orange. Chautaqua Assembly: was a decided Col. IF. D. Chij>ley, Vice-President Pensncnfa did not assess: it at one-half its cash value."

:,\. : .(i lands ou which it now appears that they The Southwestern portion of Texas is as success.:: Over 4,000 people have visited or (C' Atlantic/ liaiffoad: You have much more to ain your letter
I SIR :-Your open letter addressed: to mel upon the practice and policy"of taxing; railroads -
.I :'I' .g had no right to do, and take other lands in far south as the peninsula of Florida but it taken: part in it. It is proposed to enlargeits : Comptroller, on the subject of the tax assessment generally. As that mutter pertain

1 : 't, ;i ,,1 their place, or whether they will, after establishing does not seem capable of producing the scope.increuse: its buildings and facilities, of the Pensacola & Atlantic Railroad solely to the legislative department of the

I "; their legal rights, compromise same fruits and is subject to greater variations and make it. still more attractive next reached me about the same timeit was Government and as the Constitution! and
,..' ;given to the public. Indeed I wnot: advised laws of the State ore clear on that point, I
) with the settlers:: of temperature. season. of any complaint against the value do not feel that it is my duty to discuss tin-

y i In this, as in all other matters involving Mexico, no doubt, will very soon appearin The climate of this Cumberland plateauis placed upon your road until I saw it in subject. Very respectfully(
I print. To make no reply to your letter W. D. BARNES, Comptroller.
'f hardships, which are the resultof misunderstanding our markets an active rival to the grain- certainly most favorable for such an 'n- would be treating a document of the importance ---- -. --.-- --

.1 t or ignorance, we think a liberal growing region of the United<: States.<: Its terprise. For ten days past the temperatureat : of that with an indifference it does GOOD ADVICE.You will prevent and curt

and conciliatory policy should be pursued by more tropical portions, for various rea- midday has been about. 75. No annoyances not merit and to reply through any other the greater part of the ills:: that anlirt man
medium than the selected In" to
1 one : YOU kind in this or any section, if you keep your
w( both parties. Self-interest will naturally sons, will be much behind its temperate regions of any kind mar the pleasure of breath- convey it to this office would also be less stomach, !i"f'r1111\ kidneys in perfect working -

induce the railroad company to deal equitably in settlement and development. Our ing this fresh mountain atmosphere. than it deserves, and probably not meet order. There is nu medicine known
your expectation.It that does this as surely as Parker's (Jlnirrr;!
I and generously. people will take a run down to Mexico as Sewanec bus: been crowded all the season may be said further too, that as this Tonic It will keep your: blood rich and;

i '' We have no'authorit), to speak for the they do now to New Orleans, and we shall and still remains so. Almost every house is complaint is more in the nature of an address pure, and give you good health at little cost.:
I' to the public, than a direct appeal to
p t railroad company or to express their views, become familiarized with that country, and perforce a boarding house in the absence; of this! department which alone! can remedy See other column. -_.-

and we suppose our esteemed contemporary annexation will follow in due time. hotels. The greatest want felt here is of I the wrong complained 01 Its lair to con-

r> claims no especial right to call upon them ample hotel accommodations. There is no clude that it was intended to create public
d. ,1' sentiment against this office, and against the
it for declaration of their views and inten- Sir Henry Thompson, the London sur- ,
; a question that a hotel of the largest dimensions system of taxing railroads adopted in this

tions in advance of their own pleasure as to geon, recognizes in fish a combination of would be filled for three or four State. This intention Gin in my opinion,

Jime and of all the elements of food that the human be defeated by simply showing the errors
manner expression. months of every year. The only objection into which you have fallen.

ti't----- -------_.- body requires in almost every phase of life, made by hotel men is that under the regulations You say in the outset that the assessment

:MEXICO-A POSSIBLE RIVAL more especially by those who follow seden of the University and the laws of placed upon the railroads for the current ROYAL m.wcrGMT Btwb"1q ;
year i is $7,705,209.72, against $4,720,942.40last !
i, The relations between Mexico and the employment. To women he considersfish Tennessee, a bar-room would not be al- year, and regard this increase as evi- essu'ttresr p

"United States have of late been growing to be an invaluable article of diet, but lowed. This:: feature would, in fact attract dence of 'oppressive discrimination"
against the roads. The fact that the rail-
much more intimate. For many years past he scouts as a complete fallacy the notion more people than it would repel. I am roads were not assessed last year at what

the political situation of that country has that fish eating increases the brain power. quite sure some of our Florida hotel men was thought to be their real value and were

"The only action fish had on the brain was raised to it the present: year affords in itself
a been more settled, and the country, consequently would find it to their advantage to establish
no evidence of "oppressive discrimination"Heretofore .: llkLdI
Y : more prosperous than at any former to put a man's body into proper relation a summer hotel here. The season; is longer in most instances, they fixed .

period. with the work he had to do." than the Florida season, and the patronage their own valuation, from which there was (1
no appeal until the act of 1883 gave to the
Mexico has now a population of over ten ------ would be more certain. I shall be"glad to Comptroller the power to assess them, when

G> i', millions scattered through some 27 States. Bricks impregnated at a high temperaturewith give information to any one desirous of em- he shall have cause to believe that any re-
asphalt are being successfully used in turn made does not give complete and
Ur ;t On its Northern boundary it stretches in co- barking in such an enterprise. There are "
correct value of such railroad and ,
I 'terminus lines with the United States from Berlin for street pavement. By driving out enough people here now in private housesto from the best information he can obtain.
the air and water with heat, bricks will take Besides, there are 261 miles more of com- r4G
vi' the Gulf Mexico to the Pacific some 2,000 fill a good-sized hotel, and the attractions
from 15 to 20 cent. of bitumen, and pleted road to be taxed this year than there 4fl
"t up per
miles ; its southern territory goes far downs of the climate, pure air, freestone spring- was last. Before yon can justly charge
the brittle material becomes durable
into the tropic. Its area is some 750,000 porous, water, chalybeate springs, with the interest "oppressive discrimination" you should
and elastic under The bricks show that the roads are assessed at more
pressure. are
square miles and covers in its length some' afforded by the University of the South, "
than their full cash value, as other prop-
15 decrees of latitude, being about as goodas then put endways on a beton bed and set its library, lectures, etc., have increased erty in the State is required to be. Let us POWDER
with hot tar. It is said that the how the
rough see case stands in respect to the
that of the United States. The northern every year the number visitors.. Just at
Pensacola fc
which the Atlantic Railroad :
portion of it is a vast broken plain, averaging usage pavement made of these this time a fine opening exists for the pur- A circular letter was addressed to you

an elevation of five thousand feet above bricks will stand is astonishing.The chase of property :well located, which would under date of March 22d, inviting your attention Absolutely Pure.
to and quoting the law on the sub
the sea, presenting a climate of great cool- form the nucleus of a hotel. marvel
of railroads POWDER varies. A
cultivation of the succiruba tree, ject taxing which required you never
ness, while the southern portion is in the The tendency of our people is to make full return of the property, includ-- THIS purity, strength and wholesomeness.More .
from which the chincona is
febrifuge ob- ing the value economical than the OfI1inarkind:,.
thereof bthe first Monday
of heat. In end of this to seek in the
region one resorts
I tained, has been very successful in England.The summer upland in May, and blanks were forwarded for that and cannot be sold in competition with the
vast empire wheat and corn can be cultivated saving to the British Government by regions of the South. Few, purpose. The only return made was the multitude of low test, short weight, alum or

with success, while at the other coffee, j:t j.,I the substitution of the cheap chincona for comparatively, now go .to Saratoga or number of miles of road in each county and phosphate. powders. Sold onJv in cans.
the number and value of locomotives and ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO.,
spices and tropical fruits abound. Its ruoun- quinine amounts to a large sum. Long Branch. If a trip North is contem cars, omitting the value of the road. The 33 106 Wall Street New York.


% I,

ii : S I

." .. '. _.._ '
I I ._ 1, :_'1A1S JIL -
1. -.... ._,. -- .- ,,' .'"t .



-- -
-- -
---- -
:E r-.AnLI8J.IE1> 187;:;. E. LEROY JONES, .11.D., A B. NOYES. .

-- (Successor to W. A. SAXBORN), ---

Fourth St., between Centre and Alachua GROCERIES, PROVISIONS, SHIP STORES, I Spring and Summer Goods ;s ,


Corner of Second, and Centre-i.Streets' near- IN ORDER TO MAKE ROOM: FOR FALL STOCK, 'VE' .;
Calls answered promptly day or night,and
Medicine furnished without extra charge. Steamboat Landing, WILL CLOSE OUT THE BALANCE OF OUR >;., : "

::PHARMACISTS |=: Office hours:-a. m. until 8; p. m. 1 to 2 FERXANDINA, FLORIDA. SPRING AND SUMMER STOCK AT :i;>'.,
and 7 to 8. 22 ly* Owner and Agent for Schooner Silas C. I i
Evans. Special rates for Merchandise in GREATLY REDUCED PRICES.

Centre Street.FERNANDINA IE1. "W. .A..NSLEY, large quantities.
Agent for Hazard Manufacturing Compa-
.1 best in the world.
constantly on hand a fine assort- I' Q Agent for B.F.AVERTS CELEBRATED -IN- 9


and Chemicals ::
Drugs ,
C. H. HUOT, ,
Homoeopathic and Patent Medicines,

Proprietary and Fancy Goods, .. ,
South side Centre St., near the Depot. J'
=1 II i=H =
j! YI
f All work warranted. I *
p .' <
IN GREAT VARIETY. Groceries, Hardware, T '
WM. B. C. DUUYEE, -1 I CLOTEmSTG1WE: : \- ; ,

/:#- l'I1YHieians'reHcrilttiolis r\ ENERAL COMMISSION: :: RCHA1'T.CENTRE .
carefully compounded with pure Drugs, atreasonable WILL OFFER- I
? prices. ST., NEAR II. R. DEPOT, Second Street i




-++-1-++- 11-+I I M I I I 11 I iIIPHARMACISTSt +I I M I I 11 I I 11 I I 11 I I 11 I l-t- JAMES McGIFFIN, x

fiCentre fi- /* *v /* *V -

II II I I I I I II I -j-l HI I I HIHH, Alachua Street, between Second and Third, Northeast Corner Centre and Third Streets kPL


Street, near Depot, EFl..rq.A.rqJJJSf: .. 'A :
Orders and estimates from a distance carefully -
attended to. 25-tf constantly on handLumber -
FERNANDINA, FLORIDA. HAS New York Office : 38 Walker Street.
------------------- ----
LOUIS A. C. LANGE, ;&J- by Cargoes. .

UPHOLSTERER.SADDLE Office on Second Street. vie i
Foot of Centre Street I -- .. t


Furniture repaired in the best manner. _
Standard Patent Medicines, Hair Mattresses made to order at short I O

em.- notice. 36 01 FLORIDA AND NEW YORK.

-J Fancy TOILET ArticlesT- DR. "". E. SNY1>ER, ,, -r.
.......-_...... ww ..-...+..r.w..t
'\ 8 Q- '9 t(yv
mH ;... 01 A. B. NOYESDEALER _- = ---
I.4Ul1TN'S EXTRACTS, oto .- v
Q :_: '
J 01- C5 ...
INFamily -
Jidr Especial and careful attention }paid 1 ..:.J.' --:
111 .-. -- CO -

an experienced Druggist.; f1 ? Supplies, c

J:&: :\11:. It.the :Manager, will sleep ==

over the store and will respond to all calls OPERATIONS FIRST-CLASS; 20 years' HEAVY GROCERIES, + c -
;; charges r'-'H onable. Set '
at niirh of Teeth on CM*!.1.! YHiiloiil or Rubber and r. ,',-'-"...;-
every warranted to fit or money refunded. -

Loose or ill-looking Sets: re-set, and Hay, and Grain, i't .
4-1! ,' 03
r'I.,. made entirely satisfactory. Consultations O I r.._ Y J
'} 1,;,.I'": III and advice<< free, and: willingly given. 10
-- ---- I
'r\t; H ; SHIP STORES g

J /IEND Lrs 1 (I r'or" 1 ,II I ,-., STATE OF TEXAS 1,=:i"12 TON

ANt E5 1 Stoves, rp.I
!'rlf11 I eiler: in Ice I .


r( A \ DnooM STREET WHARF, o Crockery, !, I00 I-.!"! i
.' /.J
to J
.. J -- I -
'. :'. _/;':-:--":;i1: -- ---' 19-tf FERNANDINA, FLA. r of the above STEAMERS will sail from FERNANDINA FOR NEW YORK
.' : :
.:: Hardware ONE
CO THURSDAY AFTERNOON on arrival of afternoon trains from Jacksonville n
'- -- -- -------
: SUCCESSFUL REMEDY THE PAIRMOUNT COLLEGE ; I-I II Cedar Key, and Peninsular Railroad.
THEIOST) "'<,rells it is certain in its ""-+ WillowWare.Tili I This Line, having 110 Transfers between Feriiamliiia and Sew
elterts anil does not blister. READ PROOF FOR r'or" w York, offers the BEST: AND QUICKEST TRANSPORTATION TO SHIPPERS OF
BELt)W. YOUNGLADIES.. "1.- .,. ..I.r .... FRUITS, VEGETABLES and others. '
:,) r + The traveling public: are offered the advantages of a DIRECT LINE and UNSURPASSED :- 1

Saved, 180000. O j :: connections at FERXANDIXA with FERNANDINA & JACKSONVILLE RAILROAD i

AO\M", N. Y., .}.muar\,' :'W, 18.SJ.Dr. ;; MOUNT EAGLE. TENX. for JACKSONYJLIiE.:" and thence by !Steamers to all }points on the ST.
ft. J. K'nd'M&: Co.: i JOHNS. OCKLAWAtlA and INDIAN RIVERS: and with the FLORIDA TRANSIT '1
oil the plateau of the Cumberland Mountains : .nd GULF; PORT:: OF FLORIDA and with the
(IEXTS-Having used a (good; deal of your ; I RAILROAD for ALL :STATIONS : ; : ;
Keud.iH's: Spavin Cure with great SUCll'SI ,a few miles from the University of the t t t..r PENINSULAR RAILROAD for OCALA. and with :FLORIDA TROPICAL RAILROAD: tt t
thought; I would let you know what it has South. The location presents unequaled advantages .. rrc! s &SLOW S tn tow .r for LAKE WEIR. t
for health, being on the mountainand w
done for Two I had speedy .
ma. years ago TIIZ&OUtiH KILLS OF LADING TO1..1. POINTS.
colt raised in Jefferson free from all malaria or liability to contagious -
a When as I was was ever breaking him he kickcl'rr county. diseases. REAL ESTATE. For freight, passage rates and schedules, or further information apply to

the cross-bar and got fast and tore one of his All the branches usually pursued in ---- -- I?. \\. SOITTIIWICK, Agent,
-- --
bind legs; all to pieces. I employed the best French Seminaries are taught, inclusive ofModern THE FLORIDAIMPROVEMENT FERNANDINA FLORIDA.
farriers: but they all said<< he was spoiled. : Languages.Music C. H. MALLORY it CO.,
, He had a very large thorough-pin; and I is made: a specialty under :MADAMEDE : COMPANY. Pier 20 East River. New York. 51- t
f tiNed two bottles of your Kendall's Spavin ARRY. a teacher of very high reputa l'O'YK
'ure,and it took the bunch entirely off, and tion. whose testimonials are from the first
he .()afterwards for$lF00(dollars). have musical professors from abroad and in this Fentamliiia, GROCERIES PROVISIONS SHIP CHANDLERY; ETC.
used it for hone and wind-galls,andit country. --- ---
: spavins ---- -- -- -- ---- -------
---- -----
The charges of this school are moderate.For --
cured and left the
has completely
leg: smooth.always terms and circulars address Towns 011 R. R. Line. T HBEL FCR
It is a splendid medicine for rheumatism.I SILAS B. MoBEE, Principal. And Cedar Key.
have recommended it to a good many and References: G. R. Fairbanks, Esq., Fer- .
they all say it does the work. I was in With- nandina; Dr. II. Robinson, Jacksonville: ; INVITES ATTENTION TO HIS LARGE AND VARIED ASSORTMENT OF
l'riligt+)nCKneehtml'sdrugstore.! in Adams, Rev. A. W. Knight, Crescent City. 24 -
the other day, and saw a very fine pictureyou '
sent them. I tried to ouy it, but. could SEA ISLAND ROUTE. Offers to Lessees and Purchasers a large I;*; --* -*- *-= *::_c-::*---- -*--_=_:f.--*- *11I II+-
not; they said if I would write to you that
you would send me on{'. I wish you would, number of the most eligible and desirable (FINE TAMiLYGROCERIESJ ill! }
and I will Very respectfully. E. S. LYMAN. Lots, suitable for Business Purposes, or f If -r -
?7U iK $ *| $ $ $ 3? # # # # *!
,li.; ': 1.
City or Suburban Residences
Liberal Discounts on Values allowed to FANCY IMPORTED GROCERIES.
INn, August 12, 1881.
Dr. B. J. Kendall& Co.: NICHOLAS parties engaged in manufacturing or indus- i

I, Please send<< me some with my imprint, "IT/"ILL leave Fernandina for Savannah rial enterprises, who will erect on the property .
printed on one side only.I The Kendall's 11 every Tuesday-, Thursday and Saturday -
Spavin Cure is in excellent demand with us, mornings, arriving at thc.lattt'T place purchased substantial improvementsfor PURE AND OF GOOD QUALITY.
and not only for animals but for human the same evenings.Returning .
ailments also. Mr. Jos. Voris. one of the will leave Savannah for Fer- residence, or in which to conduct their ESPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO SELECTIONS OF
leading farmer in our county sprained\ an nandina on Monday. Wednsday and Friday -
ankle badly and knowing the value of the nt 8 a. m. Business. .u.J.;;; -;-
remedy for horses,tried it on himself, and it- ( COFFEES-!
without Meals $3.00 FINE TEAS AND
did far better than he had expected; cured Deck Pass INDUCEMENTS: TO MANUFACTURERS I '
the sprain in very short order. Cabin 4.00 -, 'J -t *m -%-
Yours respectfully, C. 0. THIEBAND. Excursion 7.00 by exemption for a term Of years from
Price$1 per bottle, or C bottles for$5. All Through tickets sold<< to New York, Philadelphia .' THE BEST GOODS OF THIS DESCRIPTION THAT CAN BE pnOCUDED.lTE'V .

druggists: have it or can J get it for you, or it Boston, and Baltimore.For taxation, offered by the several cities and
will be sent to any address<< on receipt of tickets and state-rooms, apply at the
rice? by the Proprietors. DR. 15. J. KENDALL Company's office, foot of Centre Street.J. towns. Apply GOODS Received l>y Every Steamer.
& CO.. Enosburgh :Falls Vt. A. MERCIER, CHAS. W. LEWIS ,
Send for Illustrated Circular. General Passenger Agent.J. .
sts..Fernandina. Cor. Second and Centre Sts.. FERNANDINA, FLA.TilE .
Sold by nil Druggists. N. HARRIMAN Manager. ? Office cor.Beach &7th _

:., ,
-/- -
',. ';:;_ ,":- _, ; : -_ :. i:: < -




j jr
; "


". i ii : .
-- -- ---- -
C -- ------- ------ -
.1.j/, --- I
J ; ,, ;
... I
,' I.: .I : \.I,1' /' -'; (Continued from Third Page.) IGR\TIOs-As an indication of the beans from. the,same. vines., After .the first of transportation for the settler with a I VINEYARD? ;AND '\ 1NF.

-i t: ,j )ti. !) ; lege, or can acquire a; fair English education rapidity with which the Southern section of crop had been sent to market the vines put health record- unsurpassed by any section !' In connection with certain articles I have

" )' '.. .t. ;f equipped with which lie is enabled to Florida is settling along the line of the Peninsular on a new growth and turned off a_very respectable of the. South-with lands suitable for the' written on this subject indicating them asa

VV'lt, t: .' l., enter early upon a business career. Railroad, we give a statement of supplementary crop, which were culture of semi-tropical fruits vineyards .1: !sure source of wealth to those wlm mav

i i ;:;{.IP'i.1 :* While the common school has not been the deeds recorded in Sumter county since duly picked and sent to market. and truck fanning than any with which cast their lot amongst us. and us it Were i in;

t, J: :.ftA'' :; ..t rece \'cdwith much fa\.orb'thebetterc1ass January 1st, 1883 : I THE area devoted to peaches pears and purchasable now at very low figures. Fer- I corroboration of my views::, one of mv correspondents -

} i t < :. :t 1 of people in the South still, in Florida, it isreceiving January............ 94 deeds 17. homesteads. I strawberries ''is rapidly extending. These: nandina and St. Iaf\'s can offer inducements in EuroiHj has :sent: mesome

; i ; a fair trial and is steadily gaining February.......... 74 11 the most prufitahle to settlers such as are not to be found must interesting and
BMil crops are now among \ suggestive :
it" statistics
: March ......._...... 89 -
: ground especially in the larger towns where + market in any other section ;. while the opening of furnished during the late
f April........ ......134 34 products of hardener I "International
; :4..., A 'al'lbt-"lat'\l, : \ \

k1 ir"vr'l: ..like the same class of schooj( in the North-. '. '. '"..,. Northern Atlantic pouring the treasures of the largest : at Bordeaux France, last January.
t 14 Total......... ..574 02 -...".. tivated by the truck farmers for I
J"1 in the Union-the of
"I-1, products
i;"j ;. d'' ern and Eastern States. markets are cucumbers, tomatoes, Irish potatoes commerce From this it, would appear that since i>7;>

; ,:..:! rVyl: :1} Besides the provisions thus made b)' the BUSINESS OPPORTIJMTEs.---There: are yet peas, beans, squashes, egg-plant twenty-two States and Territories, and valued there has nut been a single good vintage in

L I' .; : ,,} ., State large sums are expended by' people many unoccupied points in Florida where okra and watermelon The white tur- already at hundreds of millions-along Sunny France, and it was remarked: with

r'. ;:!.1. + }i l : ;W.: ,Yh'o prefer that their children shall be educated active men with capital may establish themselves nip sent out by Peter Henderson is, perhaps egg its shores to the wharves and warehouses at i astonishment: and. dismay that out of sixj .

I \!r,," :.!3 i'lt: whole, Florida may be said to give as much localities where hotels and boarding housescan i family.Mr. Fernandina St.Mary's and this section havea dred and ninety-five came from Sjuin

t,". ::':..,\ :i:t.J.; ':c, p attention and money for the education of be made popular and pleasant places of I B. J. Burnett, who lives near Fish future unrivaled in our Union and fully I against five hundred and ninety-two fruia,

,. ''' f' .' ''L. : her children as her :sister: States of the resort. The various railroads now in pro bearing out their forecast in the recent edi- France. Simultaneously it
Hawk, in this county, made last year on H was discovered!
ii' .1, '1; ::: ( South. In fact, the per cent. of tax i it is cess of construction lead through sections torial of the New York Sun. that last year Spain exported into France
acres of land 16 barrels of which in
r ; t r I:", :'3l greater in Florida than in some of the richest hitherto difficult of access, where the invalid sugar St. Mary's-next to St. Augustine the oldest less than five million seven hundred >
> : : netted him $257; 13 barrels of syrup, that t10l.!
?1; V f',.t of the Northern States. the sportsman, or even the mere idler city in the South, is beautifully situated sand hectolitres of wine.
brought him $170.60. He also made corn
r i 1" (' ':f'\ The colored people as well as the whites may find life enjoyable. Hence it. will be and tomatoes on the same piece of land on the great St. Mary's river, opposite Fer- [ Among the competitors were. also .
r *.t ; 1':, receive the benefits of the school system well worth while for persons seeking new nandina, Florida and on the direct l line of enty-six aspirants from the far-off isle
which he sold and realized $15. Total of
I R. 1 ., ",,,.",r" ", vji '>1.' the schools I I being' separately maintained, locations to look the State over with a view $443.00. And still Oscar Turner will be inland navigation from Savannah and the Australia, which were highly commeiuktl.,

t' .,r. \ ,: .*>. and each sharing equally in the distribution valuable discoveries. North to the St. John's river and all points And my friend writes me that "the
to cannot
foolhardy enough, say man Capabilities
> of the fund. in Florida. No place south of New York
:t. !{
of the new (to us)
TilE DIFFERENCE.-Last winter the Hon. raise anything! in Florida.-Tampa Tribune.As xcvppenumy Fll.
t- : -t 1'1 offers a more desirable place for a winter riety uf with its
Oscar Turner, a Kentuckian, paid a flying grape ease of culture niul remarkable
I' .., :::1 -:: J;. COTTON SEED. : visit to'that portion of Florida covered by an indication of the prosperous condition residence than St. Mary's. During tie} win- freedom from all kinds of iliwiife (-0
of Hernando
\ of the people county we
': of the thermometer is
months the
r 'J, ::1' ;:i .: .. : ., For; many years the cotton planters of the waters of the St. John's river, and only the following from the Fort ter range earnestly championed by you), came \in
.1' : .I.j; f ;'}Florida; have been in the habit of selling I'saw what might be observed from the deck copy paragraph the same as at Palatka. Florida but in sum for a large measure of discussion and alien-
.'" r.. ; Dade Messenger of April 28, 1883: its the Atlantic
i'i : t. ', .. their surplus cotton seed for export. Each of a steamer or the veranda of a hotel. On mer, owing to proximity to tion.
'. For several weeks of
past a great.
,.' ,.. / : I ,year has!' seen hundreds of tons of this valuable returning to his home he wrote a letter in our State exchanges have been filled many with ocean the temperature at St.Iary's is some No doubt the exceptional imnmr.iiy of

I; .. ,;:...\ ;,,; : product sent to Europe to be manufactured which Florida was painted in the most som tax sales. Up to this time no property has ten degrees cooler. (See United States Government the scuppernong variety ( Vitis Ifotitwlify.I .

9 't: r into oil and meal. This has been a bre colors. The land was a "sand-hill" or a been offered forsale for taxes in this county, returns.) It is surrounded with ) from the attacks of all kinds of insects

:" direct loss! to the State of the business to be "swamp"-in fine, a desert in which it was and we do not know that there will be. pine forests, magnolia and groves of live- and disease: render it one of the mo-r" useful
This well for Hernando. Her
speaks peopleare
: drawn from home industries besides the oak while in gardens may be seen orange with which we are
.i ;.r : impossible to earn a subsistence-a region industrious and prosperous and her grapes acquainted.

.:: wrong done to the soil from which the elements without a single inviting or redeeming, fea scrip is worth one hundred cents on the dollar and lemon trees, bananas, pomegranates excellent .still wine has long been manufactured -

"' i ';" f: in the seed have been abstracted ture. Of course Mr. Turner was equippedwith The Grand Jury failed to find a single apricots figs, nectarines, Japan; plums, native from it. but we should all be glad

a. t ,yt, .: ,; never to be returned. Both the oil and the short-range spectacles and saw but ,avery true Court bill, and at the the court last session docket was of the cleared Circuit in and foreign grapes, strawberries and all to hear that experts have latterly dNc.ncmlproperties

l\ ek." meal now find a ready sale at home, and short distance beyond,the end of his two or three days. Where is another countyin kinds of vegetables, which are produced in one of the varieties: \\lj-ii

1:;' (,;! there is, undoubtedly, a good opening in nose and as that organ was never further the State can'make such a showing ? continuously throughout the year. promise to yield a magnificent I/, Mpag.ie. -

.: ; the State for several mills for working up the from the steamer than to the nearest hotel, ----- Repeated testimony has been borne to its ."

.:. ,:. \ ;I seed. A mill consisting of one heavy hydraulic his vision, like that of Sam. Weller, was THE ST. MARY'S RIVER SECTION singularly beautiful and revivifying clil1lHte.1 Are the days of Mimim and HIll'rprlllllll-

,.. ,;I.>w press pump, huller, rollers and "limited/ The following communication Among the most! recent and i bered? Is Piper Heidsieek dead( and our

F.f : steamer, with all necessary attachments, capable to the Orange County Reporter, giving the actual ITS ADVANTAGES IN SOIL, CLIMATE, I'RICE OF that of the eminent Dr. Samuel Thayer. honored friend, the Veuve Clicquot, widow

:: ; }. of crushing and pressing two tons ort experience of a man who, at least LANDS, AND CHEAP TRANSPORTATION.Few dean of'the University of Vermont, con- indeedVho can tell what another .decade

i" .. 0/..J""i. about 125 bushels of seed in twelve hours, stayed over night i in Florida, presents the sections in the South will better sulting physician to the Government and will bring; forth?
the tourist in search of the beauti-
rq. '. -, will cost at the factory about 1800. There other side of the picture. repay for many years director-general of hospitals: Thegrowth of the demand fort'.rttI'I/almp-

t"t of.. is ma mystery about t the I making of cotton As I will ful, or the settler in search of a home, than and sanitariums during the war. who visited plies has been equally :startling a,nl,I rapid,
requested, give you my expe-
$ seed oil ; it is easily learned, and it will not rience with high pine land. that known as the St. Mary's river. Takingits St. Mfiry's on his official tours and who !since within five years the :sum: paid for

,. "" When I came to Florida eighteen months rise in the plateau of theOkefinokee, and writes as follows : them has
". !' be long before there will be such small mills ; sprung! up from less than tm- million
since I believed such land worthies, ex- rapidly acquiring volume, this noble riverin "It affords me much pleasure to refer to dollars in
'. \ erected in all parts of the South. pressing 1877 to upwards of fifty! Millions -
for I had read much of
j ." ; ;. : : seed on toll.) In every ton of seed there are cept their adaptability orange groves.for gardening, and I determined many respects one of the most remark- St. Mary's, Ga., as a place of health resort in 1882, and during; the first ll> months

1.1, ; :, about thirty-six gallons of oil, worth about to test it ; but not to waste much able in the South-pours its stately flood, possessing more of all the requisities of a of 1882 France paid nearly sixty )?ill;' ( fJf

-" manure in what I regarded; as a useless ex unimpeded by rock or shoal, with a chan- desirable climate for invalids than other d'tflarx It'iJ
t: tj' ui:: $10. and 900 pounds of cake worth $14. Thus any for earning from a'ndftd.
j'j't ; periment. I selected a place cleared and nel in places from thirty to feet
1. 'I t a ton of seed which farmers are now beguiled many forty place I visited during my travels through In "rl"lIb(' it spoken 1 of the five million
f" ; ploughed a since.containingabont three
: t: : \ .::1t.J:: into selling to the large mills for square rods year, and planted it in Irish pota- in depth, and navigable for upwards of seventy the Southern States in the winter of 1S7J>-80. acres of that sunny land devoted to the culture -

i;, ..<;, about $9! or $10 would, if retained and toes, peas, beans, lettuce, radishes cucumbers miles, into the broad: bosom of the At- It i is particularly adapted to meet the wants of the vine no less than one million

". .. ..., .tjJI and cymlings, using about half as lantic at Fernandina. Saw-mills are found of large class of invalids, who desire rest four hundred
I t' ., ; } pressed on toll have a value of $30 less the a thousand acres have been ut-

:"M't. "".j: :,M toll. And farmers should remember that dener much stable would on manure his best as the garden Kentucky land gar-and .: along its banks utilizing the magnificent from the busy cares of life and retirement terly destroyed by the ravages of the phyl

I l' ,.ft wI r 900 pounds of the pressed cake are as beneficial the result is past my understanding. Never forests of yellow pine which stretch for from scenes of bustle and excitement. Surrounded loxera and I the efforts to stay the !plague
: heretofore have I raised so vegetablesfrom miles on either hand, enriching the lumbermen it is' three sides tidewater
by have
1 n.. : to the soil as 2,500 pounds! of the whole many as upon hitherto been in vain.It .
; .t the same amount of the richest and vessels from sixteen to
:" j : '!,, !. seed. There arc several mills now being land. drawing possessing broad, well-shaded streets! is sad to think that an insect nearly

J "rtf, ::' made that are intended suppl'the need I cannot understand how such a soil is so eighteen feet of water bear their valuable seventeen of which extend to the water's akin to the dreaded European variety is

1! 'I. of low priced mills known to exist, and productive. There must be something in cargoes to all parts of the world. edge, and six others which, crossing themat found in America, and is not unknown in
: river affords series of the right. angles, lead into a forest of vast ex-
this pine yellow sand not discovered The St. Mary's a
yet by
the West
1 i manufacturers would do well to advertiser tent ; and at so many of the street crossings and California. One of the largest
the chemist. May it not also have an un- most charming woodland and river
; ; ,y them, so that farmers may know where to usual capacity for absorbing ammonia and scenery there are Wells of excellent drinking water vineyardists! and choicest wine makers in
to be found in the South. Vast forests of which percolates a gravelly soil the kind of
; Af aIpp ly. nitrogen!. !. from the atmosphere! ?_ i the latter State when looking over my notebook -
soil best for site.
II I* The Hon. Oscar Turner of Kentucky, live-oak yellow pine magnolia, red bay, adapted a healthy village I and statistics of the capabilities and
The equable mild temperature, the ,good ho-
has lately abused Florida in real Oscar Tur- and many other valuable as well as orna-
ft added the quality of our vine,
4 t, tel accommodations to interesting scuppernong warmly
ner style. I assert that I can make more
F', t I }!' we give a list of the newspapers hard cash from ten acres of Orange county mental trees clothe its banks with varying surroundings, pleasant drives, sporting and urged its extensive cultivation, stating that

1 ,} published in the counties through which pine land in vegetables, than he can from shades of green ; the orange lemon and gar- excursion facilities combine to make it the for case of culture and lnryent of! prnlit they
desirable for those who seek
the with their delicious most place a
his best I denia balmy ac -
hundred acres in Kentucky culti- perfume
if' ; hR the Florida Transit & Peninsular Railroad Southern winter residence either for healthor had nothing In Califuruut comparaMe to it.
1 .t I vated in he select and I while in the azaleas
any crop may i fragrance; spring "
the wise
fair of the local recreation. then a word should he sufficient -
They are exponents
would half
: : ; passes. agree to use only the manure to i and thousand wildflowers
'Lr.t interests they represent, and will be found the acre commonly used in Kentucky. yellow jessamine, a In conclusion, we would cordially invite and let every man who has an acre to
,. i ,,, "
rs "deck the bank's side and mir-
r ,
t 4r': + : : to contain information of value to the immigrant A. MCDONALD. green and welcome settlers to this section. The spare set out his vineyard.The .
j, rored in the clear deep waters, form a pic-
\:. ,
'.:,. :,', : STANDING PINE IN FLORIDA.-Competent foregoing independent testimony ought, to good book which so often commends: vj

'fi.l.r t ; & \ The Florida Mirror, Fernandina, Nassaucounty. authority gives the amount of pine lumber ture never these to be forgotten.All charms. weigh seriously with those wishing to locate good wine (that maketh glad the heart of

." .I' yet standing in the State of Florida to be varying are brought South ; and we put that consideration first, man "], considers him blest indeed whom
the view of the tourist the
.t.': ',j, ::1 t v Dally Time. -Uuion, Jacksonville. Duval 6,015,000,000 feet. The greater portion of river though easy clear and deep flows between, as as we hold it ought to be. Next as to priceof sit under the shadow of his own vine and

l'! county. this vast mine of wealth is now within easy lands, we can as yet compare most favorably fig tree. (Of the latter I could speak too,
within hail of each other.
'\ 'q Dally Herald, Jacksonville, Duval county. reach of the various railroads now under with any section. had not this communication already trespassed :"
the St. river is
Mary's now
Interesting as
1' Starkc Telegraph, Starke. Bradford county. construction and can easily be sent to mar- All fruits and vegetables capable of being so much on your space.) ,;
whether to the tourist settler or ,
1 Bee, Gainesville, Alachua county. ket. raised with profit are available here as well In our section no one is so )poor but that
1 the time is rapidly approaching when its !
as in the neighborhood of Palatka or even he attain the beatitude,
Advocate Gainesville Alachua county. may "Scriptural
t LUI IQER.-Early settlers in Florida met wonderful capabilities will be developed to I
r. I Advertiser, Waldo, Alachna county. with much hardship in procuring lumber their utmost. The fact that the Government I further South, while in the matter of cheap and amongst the coming industries in our

'j Graphic Hawthorne, Alachua county. for building. Now there is less difficulty in has selected it as the eastern terminus of the and direct transportation this section with happy and rapidly developing land f few deserve -

: ..,;R:.':t y* State Journal Cedar Key, I.ecounty.. this respect, as portable saw-mills are freely Mississippi and Atlantic canal (now about the facilities afforded shippers at Fernan greater attention, as few will yield

I : Manner-Lacon. Ocala Marion county.SinntervlUe scattered throughout the State-each neighborhood dina. unquestionably possesses great ad- larger profit than the culture of the grape and
being commenced) has already caused inquiries -
:;: .1 Times, Sumterville Sumter vantages. manufactures of a }pure and wholesome
having one or more. price of
: to be made as to the price of lands alongits r.
: county. common lumber from $10 to $12.50 Truck farmers, fruit growers, vineyardists, wine which will tend to eradicate drunkenness -
ranges banks and in its vicinity ; while its won-
,\I; ,.I g. Sumter CUlwtl/.4/1l'flllce.. Leesburg. : Sumter per thousand. Planed weather-boarding is derful adaptability for ship-building pur- can do as well here as in many more boast- :: more than pages of anti-"Jersey lightning" -

:;',;' t county. sold at the mill from $14 to $18 per thou- will doubtless attract capital in con- locations. I legislation.For I '

:\I'., ;. t Crescent, Brooksville Hernando county. sand. Flooring, 1} inch $16 to $22, and poses nection with that inlnstry-speaking of Along the river, and at St. Mary's, are admirable the truth of the latter assertion, I ap- ,I

: i i Fort Dade Messenger, Fort; Dade. Hernando ceiling at $14 per thousand feet. The best which, and the successful launching of a sites for lumber mills, ship yards, peal to the experience of all those who have ,

: ; cotton factories, paper mills (the supply of traveled through such wine-producing countries
: county.
sell at from
t cypres shingles: $3 to $4 per steamer built at St. Mary's, and the fact that
fir I; (; t 4 Tribune. Tampa I Hillsborough county. thousand. Pine shingles sell at from $2.50 during the nine months occupied in its con- palmetto being both convenient and practically as France, Spain, Italy, or the Rhine-
'a : y Guardian inexhaustible), and in fact, any industry land.
: I : Tampa, Hillsborough county. to $3 per thousand. struction no workman had lost one day
".t.t: t The Florida Agriculturist.: DeLand, Voliisia suitable for the South, and capable of To help the "good cause." perhaps, you
HAY BERMUDA Government
FROM GR.\8S.-J.. Inglis, from bad weather, a inspector
!!l- county, is devoted to agriculture. C. Cod- being prosecuted in the most delicious cli- will give this letter a place in your agricultural -
of Madison county, in 1879! exhibited at the
i:.!: rington, editor and proprietor.The Florida State Fair bale of hay made from mate known\ on our continent, can be estab- column, and now and then favor us

t Florida Dispatch Jacksonville, Duval lished under the most favorable conditionsfor with hints as to the best way of making
Bermuda grass. The yield was two tons to knew of no such favorable site for shipbuildingas
!/; county, agriculture; Ash mead Bros., pub- success. that "good wine which needs no bush." If
the from
.. acre one cutting. the St. Mary's river"The ALEX. CURTIS.
listens I j my figures anything it is that France
SUEEP.-In Hernando county sheep have singular purity of the water and its St. Mari/s, Ga., May, 1883. prove
(. and through and outside France. Europe.
y t- proved to be profitable. They are free from admirable keeping properties, found so val-
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS needs the of vineyards -
disease, and the mildness of the weather the uable to sea-going vessels, has also attractedthe As bearing on all sections of our Southern generous products" our
F IMPROVED ms.-The newly arrived set- ; that-in truth- there's millions in
year round leaves but little care attention of the Government and formed country we publish with pleasure a very
4 tier will find many valuable places offered necessary. its"! and more than this, that in no sectionof
a The worst;; drawback in Florida is the raids the subject of highly favorable reports,which interesting communication on Wines and
for sale in section of Florida. If he our broad land can a finer and purer article
t 4 every of dogs, l lynx and wildcats.A point to the removal of the Navy Yard from Vineyarding, from the pen of our correspondent -
shall seek know be made than own-the !home and I
why so many persons Pensacola to the more salubrious sites of Mr. Curtis, of St. Mary's, Ga. our
j:,, if I are willing to dispose of improvements LARGE NURSERY.Messrs. Jeffords. Ag- native soil of our hitherto too much-neg-
Fernandina or St. Mary's.Highly Few persons acquainted with the hitherto
;. e, a which have taken years to make and on new & Jeffords have, in Hernando county, lected scuppernong//'
importantjetty works, under the enormous exportation of wines from France,
which large expenditures of labor and a nursery of one million young orange trees. Yours etc.. ALEX. CURTIS.
directions of General Gillmore, are also in will be prepared for the extraordinary .statistics -
money have been bestowed he will find the These gentlemen are also preparing one progress on the bar at the mouth of the St.Iary's marshalled in the letter, and to all St. Mint's, Gn.

''I S causes as numerous as are the parties offering thousand acres in the Annuttelaga Hammock ___.
by the construction of which it is intelligent readers a wonderful field for remuneration d
near Brooksville, which they intend
; them. A good many men have planted intended increase the of the channel and
in to depth delightful occupation is Valuable Orange Lands for Sale.
planting out a mammoth
orange groves and made other improvements orange grove. from 18 to 26 or 27 feet, and by so doing opened up. The moral of these statistics Tracts containing twenty acres each of
4 as an investment from which GARDENING IN THE YOUNG GROVES.: -Hon.E. .
pro- render this already commodious roadstead being that if we Americans only turn our choice, high hammock land on Orange Lake
fitable return is expected in their sale to : J. Harris, of Ocala, has a ten-acre
grovein one of the finest. harbors of refuge on the attention to vineyarding, and the produc- suitable for orange growing and truck firming

new comers. Others, preferring, the free the hammock in which he planted tomatoes Atlantic coast; and suitable for the enor- tion of that honest wine which maketh are now offered for sale. These land

.... and nomadic life of the cow-driver, sell to last year. He sold eleven hundred traffic about being diverted to it by the heart of "
mous glad man, we have a market are very conveniently situated for transptr'tation
the encroachments of the settler who crates of tomatoes from this: lot which I
oeape goes
the opening of the Mississippi and Atlantic open for us practically illimitable. To thefifty by water or rail, and will be sold on
fences and cultivates! the land.. And so on. to show how much the garden crop.helps towards -
canal. million of our own people, we have to terms to purchasers. Titles are unques:

One significant fact is, that there is no emigration i- paying for the grove. Thus, if the advantages of a great river add the whole", of Northern, and under I tionable. Also valuable timber lands in

from Florida.P Mostof the people. I I STRING \xs.-ThN !season Adam Eich- navigable for many miles by ocean ships the present unhappy circumstances nearly I large bodies. G. R. FAIRBANKS.

here have come to stn)". elbcrger,' of Ocala, had a double crop of and steamers, affording the cheapest means all of Southern Europe, as our customers. February it;, 1882. Fernandina, Fla.

'..:. ,,". ., I
5i .. .. ..- ..



..' -..,- .- .. .... .- \--:" '. ..- '- .'-
: .. ,. -. ___- _v

I ,

;- ,.. r ;. -


-- --
","""" -- .. .
- --- -


PARKER'S HAIR BALSAM. Central and Western Railroad.

Sale. and Through tickets via this line at the .Com-
The Best,Cleanest
VIRTUE OF AN ORDER OF, OR ino-t Economical Hair I pany's Depot Ticket Office; and at No. 7West .5 BLOOD
BY decree of the Circuit Court. Fourth ;i 1>ressng.Hfitr! Bay Street. SYRUP

judicial Circuit in and for Nassau County, } fails to Restore W. M.: DAVIDSON, .. .
granted by His Honor. James M. Baker, the youthful color to grey General Manager,
Judge of aid Court, on the 16th day of a- ,'lair. sot and $x sizes at Jacksonville, Fla. Cures all diseases of the Stomach, Liver Bowels.Kidneys .
July .\. D. 1883, in the suit of Louis A. 'Inli: : ti. WILLIAM O. AMES, .
Skin and Blood. MILLIONS testif'to its
Davis\ vs. C. J. Davis and Anna Davis, wewill }Florfston; Cologne. Gen'l Passenger Agent, ,

sell at public outcry, in front of the 4 5_ 1/ ,w,: rs A kw and rxrmniinirlv fr Jacksonville, Fla. efficacy in healing the above named diseases, and
court-house in the city of Fernandina. Nassau 1._ _,_' t"snl and li-linj ].ierfuuM. j. s. MCELROY,
County. Florida on the first. Monday in l'r-CO Si mid 1;"". Master Transportation, pronounce it to be the Best Remedy Known to MaD

.September 1 A. D. 1883, being the third day PARKER'SGINGERTONIC Tal'ahassee' Fla.TU1E .
of the month, the following described real
<>>tate: situated and being in said County of CARD GUARANTEED TO CURE DYSPEPSIA. ;

a'sau. State of Florida, that, i is. that por- OF THE Trade Mark.Laboratory
tion of the Orange Bluff, or James Rouse
tract, in section number one ((1)), townshipfour FLORIDA; TRANSIT & PENINSULAR : 'AG-ENTS .ANTED I

((4)), north of range ((24)) twentyfoureast RAILROADAND
and described as that portion of said A Pure Family Medicine that Never Intoxicates.If 77 West Third St., New York City. Druggists sell it.

tract lying westward of the ice-house and you are a mechanic or farmer, worn out with FERNANDINA & JACKSONVILLE
blazed, the line beginning at the westward overwork or a mother nun down hv f.imily or house R.R.
tree: hold duties try PAKKEK'S GINGEK TONIC. CEDARTOWU, GA., June 20th, 1881.
corner of the ice-house and running In Effect July 2d, 1883. Dr. Clark
Johnson children
:-My were sick with Fever, and a short trial of your
If minister business
trees blazed to the back line of the you are a lawyer or man exhausted Indian -
us per Blood Syrup completely cured them.
by mental strain or anxious cares do not GOING SOUTH. ;

:swill Sold tract.for partition. Purchaser to pay for take GINGER intoxicating TONIC. stimulants, but use PARKER'S Leave Fernandina...................::.11.00 a.m. 46 RUDIE CANTLER. s

tltle t Leave Hart's Road......................11.40a.m.
WILLIAM T. RUSSELL, Urinary If you have Complaints Dyspepsia., or if you Rheumatism are troubled Kidney with any or Leave Callahan.......................... 12.40p.m.
JAMES E. DAVIS, disorder of the Jl1n s.stOIlld1 bowels blood nerves Leave Dutton...................'.... ..... 1.07 p.m. CUASAMTEED TO CURB ALL CASES OF
JACKSON MIZELL you can be cured i t.y PAKKEK'S GINGER!: TONIC Leave Brandy: Branch ......Y.--....;. 1.22 p.m. I INDIGESTION LOST APPETITE. BILIOUSNESS;
Commissioners. Ifyouare nesting! away from age, dissipation or Arrive Baldwin.. .... .. p.m. COSTIVENESS. ENLARCED SPLEEN, COLIC,
Fernandina, Fla., August 1st, 1883. any disease or weakness and require a stimulant take Leave Baldwin................1'! ......... 2.10 p.1l1. &C.
GINGER TONIC at once; it will invigorate and build Leave Maxville.................'......... 2.35p.m. Her.J R. Graves, Editor and Proprietor "Baptist,* J. R. Johnson M. D.. of Abbeville Miss.. Aug .
you up from the first dose but will! never intoxicate. Memphis,Tenn. Bays: 1 received a package of your 11.1882, says: I am a graduate of Georgia Medical j
Leave .......................... 2.5G
Commissioner's Sale. It has saved hundred of lives it save Highland p.m. Liver Medicine, and have used about half of it. It j College and have practiced thirty-five years I use
may yours. Leave Lawtey ............................. 3.12p.m. works like a charm. want no better Liver Regulator your medicine in my practice. It is not only a good |
BY VIRTUE OF AN ORDER OF THE ont KI5COX dollar Mzf& k CO., a1 nil m tieairrt William in nieuirtnix.GREAT St. New. York. SOc. and Leave Temple's.................. ........ 3.28 p.m. and cartainly no more of Zeilin's mixture. Liver Medicine,but Rev.it is a sovereign remedy for fl ax.j
of Rev. 3!. A. Huffins, Frank'in.Ky.Aug. J.8. Summertoo. 1
]Hon. H. J. Baker, County Judge SAVING: BUYING: DOLLAR SIZE. Arrive Starke.............................. ............ .t ,says: It is the best medicine p 8 C.,Jan.' BeasleyiO' need Zeil
Na'au County Florida, I will sell to the :; Leave Starke ...................:.:........ 3.3G p.m. I have overtaken in my life. It i ins preparation a great deal but find I
highest bidder, in front of the Court-House Leave Thurston .......................... 3.48p.m. another is caring package.me of Dyspepsia.Must have Send it.me I in your its effect medicine on the altogether nystem.The superior best. i

orof Nassau County, on the first Mondayin obtained for new inventions Arrive Waldo.............................. 4.10 p.m. Rev. J. L. Brittain. of Blountsville. Dr. S. Mansfield. Wholesale Druggist. Memphis,
September A. D. 1883, the following real l PATENTS or for improvements in old Leave 4.20 Ala.. March 1882,says: 1 suffered with Tenn.,says: "Have Bold* 30 -"7s: predecessor
of Nelson Parker. p.m. "a=. torpid fiver and costiveness.and your sold it many before me.That;this medicine i*a
c:tate belonging to the estate ones. Caveats, Infringements, TradeMarksand Leave Gainesville....................... 5.00p.m. .- medicine cured me. My wife has used it good one.no one years can deny;and that iris the trap and I
deceased situate, lying and being in theBounty all patent business promptly attendedto. Leave Arredondo ............... ......... 5.24 p.m. with admirable effect for sick-headache genuine'Simmons Liver Medicine*none dare gainsay|

of Nassau and State of Florda debcnbed INVENTIONS THAT HAVE BEEN Leave Batton............................. 5.36 p.m. Original and Oslj Gemilae. EsUt. 1810.! ''

as follows : That portion of Little REJECTED may still, in most cases, be patented Leave Archer............................. 5.52 p.m. Put up in S5c. and, SI packages | MEDICINE ..
Pine Island, known as section ((47)) forty- by us. Being opposite the U. S. Pat- Leave Bronson ........................... G.21 p.m. and bottles by r
north of ?.F.SIMMONS& CO.,ST. Louis,Mo. ;
seven, township ((3)) three that is contained range in ent Office, and engaged in PATENT BUSINESS Leave Otter Creek........................ G.51 p.m. 0Lt/> BY ALL ORu6GfSTSr ;

((23)) twenty-eight east = EXCLUSIVELY, we can secure pat- Leave Rosewood..... ................... 7.30p.m.
lots one ((1)), one and a half ((1J), two (2)), ents in Ics time than those who are remote Arrive Cedar Key........................ 80.2 p.m.
three ((3): ). three and a half ((3i), six ((6)) and from .

seven ((7)), according to map, showing subdivisions Washington.When Inventors send model sketch, GOING NOKTH. COLLINS & CO. HARTFORD i,

of said island, containing 2377100acres : we make search in the Patent Olnce or and Leave Cedar Key......................... 7.00 a.m. ,
more or less. Leave Rosewood..............:'.......... 7.38a.m. i
advise as to its patentability free of
Terms cash. Purchaser to pay for titles.J. confidential Leave Otter Creek........................ 8.13 a.m. Established 1826.MANUFACTURERS '
Correspondence fees
A. EDWARDS, able ; reason Leave Bronson. .............. ......... 8.55a.m. 0\
Commissioner. ; IS OBTAINED. Leave Archer................................ 9.25 a.m. I A,
Fernandina, Fla., August 1, 18R3. Leave Batton .................'. ........... 9.42 a.m. .
We refer
by permission to the Post-
City Leave Arredondo ..........:...'.:........ 9.57 a.m. -.J- I
master and to the of the .
ORDINANCE IN RELATION Post-Office: Money Order Superintendent Division in Wash Leave Gainesville........................10.24 a.m. II I

TO DOGS. Arrive \V aldo..............................11.13= a.m. .
ington. For special references, circular
service Leave Waldo........................... ...11.2.' 1.111. -
E IT ORDAINED BY THE MAYORand terms etc. address .. .. .
1) Leave Thurston.........................11.54 p.m. r_ .:-0.":",:- -.
D Council of the of Fernandina" C. A. SNOW & CO., '. .
City : i Arrive *ji irtvt............................... .*........... ., '- -
SECTION) 1. That dog snail be allowed Opp.P.itcnt Offing ""ashingto1I\P\ 2tf .
no Leave Starke................................12.15p.m.: i ,
to run at large in the city of Fernandina .
without a license has first been obtained HORACE DREW.Tooltseller Leave Temple's..........................12.24 p.nl. -- f

from the Collector of Revenue for the city. Leave Lawtey ...........................12.48 p.m. T"

and a collar and. badge obtained such asmiy Stationer, Leave Highland......................... 1.10 p.m. : S-
.. ............ .... .. '":....
: be provided by order of the City Council *-* Printer and Kinder. Leave Maxville: ; ... 1.35 p.m. .. dw -=- -
; such license to be due and paid for on Arrive Baldwin......... .................. 2.05 p.m. :... .,.r"

or before the first day of August each year- School Books and Leave Baldwin ........ ................. 2.30p.m. .jrS..
one dollar and fifty cents. Orange Wraps Leave Brandy Branch................. 2.55 p.m. I.

SEC' 2. It shall' be the duty of the Mar- NOW A SPECIALITY. Leave Dutton ............................. 3.15p.m. OP r

hal (or police) to take np any: dog running Leave Callahan........................... 4.05 p.m. '
at large, not so provided with collar/ and .7.iJ"" Liberal discounts: to Teachers and Leave Hart's Road....................... 4.50 p.m.Arrive .
badge, and impound or take care of such Tr.ide. Special prices and Catalogue free on Fernandina ......... ..... ..... ;-J.J, p.m. Axes Hatchets Picks f

dog( forty-'i h t hours. When the owner of application. Trains daily, except Sunday.PENINSULAR .
such dog can be found notice shall be givenby 59 lBAY STREET, i

the :Marshal or police, and if the owneror JACKSONVILLE FLA AND OTHER EXTRA QUALITY ,

( any other person for them) shall procure ------------- DIVISION. ;
a collar and badge ot the Collector ami pay RAILROADS GOING SOUTH. TOOLS FOR FARMS AND PLANTATIONS.
the fees due (the Marshal 2-> cents for arrestof ,
: --- -- -- ---. -. -- ----- Leave Waldo Junction................ 4.18
--- --- p.m.
same dog), and the 15 Marshal cents each shall day turn for over keeping the dog the FLORAL CITY ROUTE.FLORIDA I Leave Dixie................................. 4.40 p.m. Also, FINE STEEL AND CHEAPER PLOWSOf

Leave Hawthorne ................. ..... 4,5"p.m..
to said claimant. Whenever dog not $3 $ J J. Also Machines.
all sizes and fm
any CENTRAL Leave Lochloo....... prices: : ti Plowing
above provided for shall be seized d! by the & WESTERN n. R. ................. 5.15p.m.
Marshal: or police as directed, the Marshal Leave Orange Lake........:........... 5.42 p.m. Farmers will receive valuable information, catalogues, &c.,
shall make such disposition, by sale or killing JACKSONVILLE July 1st, 1883.COMMENCING : Leave Anthony Place.......!,........ 6.07 p.m. by writing to the makers, -
he ordered by the : in his this date, Trains on this Leave Silver Spring.................... (;.33 p.m.
as Mayor
discretion.SKC. may. I will run as fol- Leave Ocala................................ 7.00p.m. COLLINS & CO., 212 Water St., New York. I

;;. So vicious dog shall be allowed lows : Leave Lake Weir Station....:......... 7.45 p.m. -
Arrive Wildwood........... I
to run at large, with without : .11.. .. 8.10p.m.
or a badge; WKSTWARD.No. !i STOVES TIN-WARE ETC. '
:3. No. ,
and any owner that allows such a dog to goat 1. GOING NORTH. 4'Q _... .... ... ..
--- -
Accom. : ::= -= : : : = ---------= : :;:::
large shall be liable to a line of not exceeding Leave Jacksonville....... Mail. Leave Wildwood........... .............. 7.00a.m. I
7.r.0 1.30 I W. P. STREET
twenty-five dollars, on conviction: before pin p mArrive Leave Lake Weir Station............. 7.233.m.
Baldwin........... 8.45 m 2.14
the Mayor. Lake City.......... 1.10am p : p m Leave Ocala.....................:..........: 8.30 a.m. II I I Second Street, opposite the Post-OfKce.:: r(,
SEC. 3. All Ordinances or parts of Ordinances 4.53pm Leave Silver Spring.. .....:.::.......... 8.48a.m. r> I hFERNANDINA.
Live Oak............ '
3.15 a in 5-55: '
conflicting with the provisions of Madison ............ 5.25a m 7.42 p m Leave Anthony Place.....:{?..;....... 9.15 a.m. i MILLiONS i FLA.

this Ordinance are hereby repealed. U Dri ftun............... 7.20am 0.05 pin Leave Orange Lake .........t,!).......... 9.43: a.m. OF THEM
Passed: : first second and third readings, ., ......... 0.35 pinMonticello Leave Lochloosa......,..............,,..J.O,10a.m. I -- --' ':=:-' --. .-
. -
and adopted, July 2o. 18S3. Tallahassee........ 9.05 10.30 1 pm Leave Hawthorne..............;......,.10.29 a.m. For FLORISTS and : --::= -- --- -.. -- -
a m
FRED W. HOYT, ......... }p inLeaveTallahassee Leave Dixie...........'....;.....'..f*:.......::10.47a.m. : .
10.45pm fAMAtEUilS.
Attest: President pro tent of ( )Uncil. ArriveQuincy .............11.05 a m 12.00 pm Arrive Waldo Junction.....;.........11.10 a.m. Dutch Bulbs, J.an ;I

IEALI] W.M.: P. WOOD, JR., City Clerk. Chatta. Hi\'er..12.10 p m 1.00 a in Trains daily except Sunday. \ Bulbs, French :Uulbs, ,i iI
Approved : Leave River Junction... 1.10am American Bulbn. Also I
C. A. HALEY, :Mayor. Arrive Marianna.......... -".41 am FERNANDINA & JACKSONVILLE R. R. -' -- 1.1 Plants f or Greenhouses f ;
Pcl1o1acola...... .. and Window Gardens 1 +
: .. 9.30: a m I .
In the Circuit Court: ., Fourth Judicial .". Montgomery..... 8.50 p m I I .
Circuit Florida. Mobile.............. 4.25 pm I Fernandina..... 2.00p.m. 7.15p.m. 1.dI0.3 i' -
Leave Hart's Road..... 2.35 ) SEsnsMEx
New Orleans... p.m. 7.48 p.m. t. I.. N.
10.15 pm FREE 4i1 Eochester.N.Y.&Chicajro.H!. 4"IUp
FHEDY.. HOYT and W. 0. JEFFREYS, Arrive Jacksonville.... 3.37p.m. 8.45p.m. 9M 1
Houston............ G.50 a m
Partners as Fred W. Hoyt & Co., --
I). FOX and S. L. BURNS Partners as 4. No. 2.:? Leave Jacksonville.... 7.30a.m.:; 4.15p.m. II .'
Fox & Burns. Accom.ail.: Leave Hart's Road..... 8.30 a.m. 5.20 p.m.Arrive I
ArriveJacksonville....... 8.25am 3.00 GINGER CORDIALIS {
pm Fernandina.... !>.OJ n.m. G.OOp.m. I ,
USDEH..XD BY VIRTUE OF AN Baldwin............ G.50 am 2.02pm Trains double daily except Sunday. 1 fy
i med in r
. : the Fourth Judicial Lake: City.......... 3.00am 11.38am NOT AN ALCOHOLIC EXTRACT,
Circuit, in and for Nassau County, Florida h Live Oak............ 1.25 a m 10.37 a in SUNDAY' TRAINS. but contains all the medicinal proper- STOVES, HEATERS, RANGERS. i {
in a suit wherein Fred W. Huvt. andW. Madison: ............11.05 pm 9.12 a mDrifton. Leave Jacksonville..................... !>.OO a.m. ties of the finest Jamaica Ginger Root. It I t
(). Jeffreys are plaintiffs: and R. D. Fox .. .-............ 9.0. pm 7.30am Arrive Fernandina..'....................10.25 a.m. is very pleasant to take, and TIN AND SHEETInOX.AIE *
and S. L. Burns are defendants I have levied U Monticello ......... 8.00 a m Leave Fernandina.......................5.00 p.m. ,
l upon and will sell at public auction, in Tallahassee........ 7.15pm 6.05 a 111 Arrive Jacksonville:.................... 6.25 p.m. CURES INDIGESTION, HEADACHE, ROOFING AND GUTTERING,

nandina front of ,the on Court-House the first Monday in the city of August of Pl'r-., Leave Tallahassee! ........ 6.38 pm 5.55.a in ... COLDS, CHILLS, CRAMP COLIC, PUMPS, DRIVEN WELLS. ETC.A I
Arrive Quincy............. 5.20pm 4.45am CONNECTIONS.AT .
18S3. being the sixth day of said month, the r
N. Leave Chatt'chee River 4.15 p m 3.45 a m DIARRHCEA, DYSENTERY, large stock of Stoves on hand. Give
i S.W. J Sec. 3:). T. 3 N., II. 20 E.-483 mea
acres. Levied upon as the property of Fox Arrive" River Junction.. 3.10 a m FERNANDINA, FLA., PAINS in the Sto.uach: and Bowels, call, and compare my prices with those of ;
A; Burns, to satisfy said judgment, togetherwith 1.39am With New York and Fernandina Steam- other houses, here or elsewhere. si
Leave Pensacola...........
interest and of 7.15pm Line from New York and [ALARIA, by warming and stimulat-
cost suit. Terms cash. ship on Tuesday, at ,1
Leave :Montgomery...... 8.30
purchaser for title.J. amLea'e 6.15 and for ing the Stomach and Bowels into a healthy
paying a.m.,11.35 a.m., or : New
Mobile.............. 2.00pm Sold
A. ELLERMANN, York on Thursday, at 10.40 a.m., 500. p.m.or action. by
Leave New Orleans...... 8.40 a m PALMER DRO'S.Centre _
Sheriff 5.50
Nassau: Countv. Leave Houston............ p.m.
0.15pm Street Fernandina Fla. i TIIE NEW STORE.
Fernandina Fla., July 7, 1883. With Sea Island Route from and to Savannah ,
Trains 1 and 2 daily ; Trains 3 and 4 daily
except Sllntia '. Sunday Wednesday and Friday.AT 0ST Also, Agents for DOW'S JAMAICA '

NOTICE.) SOLID TRAINS Jacksonville to Pensacola. CALLAHAN. GINGER ALE, the only Ginger Ale made 22 s 1 W. F. WOOD, Jr., |r SC

ALL CREDITORS LEGATEES AND SLEEPING CARS Madison to Pensacola. To and from Savannah and Charleston at without peppel. II

entitled to distribution of the CONNECTIONS. 7.25 and 9.45 a. m., 7.30 and 4.22 p. m. .
, O. S. OAKES > {{ Proprietor } E: r
with ,
estate of Win. Marson, deceased arc hereby At Jacksonville Waycross Line by AT B.\LDWI ,.FLA., I
notified to present tH! claims, duly authenticated No. 4 in the a. m. and No. 2 in the p. m., for CONTRACTOR' i
and from
To Tallahassee aM.45 AND BUILDER
within two years from date or the all points North and East; with the Fernan- p.m.AT C> Cr >
same will be barred. dina & Jacksonville Railroad for Fernan- HAWTHORNE,

JOHN A. ELLE11MANN, dina ; and with Steamers for all points on To and from Palatka at 10.45 a.m. and 2.40 MANUFACTURES 1''
Executor. the St. Johns River. p.m. DOORS AND WINDOW FRAMESOF ::a: .

:Fernandina. Fla., Jnne 2$,11883. At Baldwin by No. 1 and 2 with Florida AT WILDWOOD. ALL SIZES.

Transit & Peninsular Railroad for Gainesville With Stage Line to and from Brooksville Post Office Box 174. &:::::! .. ;-
NOTICE.'SIX Ocala, Leesburg, Cedar Key, and all and Tampa daily except Sunday. jan4 Fernandina, Fla f :::JI .) ,,'
Gulf Ports. With Stage Line to and from Leesbnrg S. ANDS
' WEEKS AFTER DATE WILL At Live Oak with the Savannah, Florida HO FOR THE BEACH. : ,
to the Judge of the County Court & Western Railroad. daily except. Sunday. S 'S

in and for the County of Nassau, Fla., for At Tallahassee with St. Marks Branch AT CEDAR KEY, FLA.T AND A MOONLIGHT DRIVE i

letters of administration on the estate of Railroad Tuesdays Thursdays and Saturdays. With Tampa Steamship Company's Steamers wr :E1C .
Nelson Parker deceased. for Key West. .Monday and Thursdayp. The three elegant Omnibuses of McGinnis

F. C. SUHRER. At Chattahoochee River, with the Pensa- m.; for Tampa and Manatee, Monday and & Rawson can be secured for private partieson
Fernandina, Fla.. May 12, 1883. 6 cola & Atlantic Railroad for Marianna. Pen- Friday. very reasonable terms at any hour, either > C> ,

: acola.. Mobile, Montgomery, New Orleans, With Morgan's Line Steamships for Key day or night. )
Admiiii&trators"Notice. and all points m the West Southwest and West and Havana every Saturday 4 p. m.; :i G McGINNIS & RAWSON.To r
. SIX WEEKS 'AFTER DATE I WILL Northwest forming : the SHORTEST, for New Orleans every Friday at 4 p. m.. O { Fernandina, \ ::mJ3 t

to the Honorabl Judge of the QUICKEST AND BEST ROUTE to these For information respecting routes, rates Rent.

. the estate of Spicer C. Braddock, deceased. Line Boats on Sundays and Thursdays for A. 0. MAcDON ELL, Apply for particulars to
JOHN OWENS. Apalachicola, and Tuesdays and Saturdays Gen'l Ticket: and Pass.Agent.D. A. B. NOTE*.

Fernandina,"Fla.;July'2,, 1883.I ; for Columbus and Eufaula.; E. MAXWELL, Gen'l Supt. 12 Fernandina. July 15-tf. i TJIE XEU-




qq ,{4s
'r -

:t -
!7 :

- ; : :
--------- -- ------
,,1'1'rr t":1J: iI; -
l< t mri : Cut the Ti'eels. '. I List of Letters NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.Xotice. ----
!.. ,i'_ .h4 It would be well for the Street or Sanitary I Remaining in the Post-Office at Fernaudiui -

"'" ; '(I"'. ", {. I\ Committee of the City Council to compel Nassau county, Florida, Aug. 11, 1883. ,

: '; Z "t, i ?.00 A rEAR $1.00 FOR SIX MONTHS the of the rank and noxious weedson 'a''y ,
I' H ; cutting
: ;, .:I Persons calling for these letters must say A REGULAR MEETING OF THE ,,: '' '"tV\..
.... AT ;: :
.,. ,. ;' .". ; ,many of the vacant lots about the city. advertised: ;, I Board of Public Instruction, for the -." ,' ,

,. tt". ; ; ; z! Reflections. The have been cleared of them and county of Nassau, held in Fernandina. Fla., : ,'
t j streets {
Brown )Irs.,' -ane, McCrnll, Charles '
. ;I v :$: ..' on the 9th day of August., 1S83 the Board -
1 while there may, not be any danger from Dothins, L. J. eJruse, Charles F. authorized Superintendent thereof to I::
; : AnimPromPtuhoPwasgivenattheStrathmore -
:' f 1 them just now while growing in a week or Hampton, Mrs. Mary' Philips, A. E. 'issue certificates to those teachers whose certificates -
Fi'-5f; ; Tuesday evening. Rhodes John W.Hughes. .
two they will begin to dry and decay thus Hoges, Janey have expired, provided they shall
of Mr. J. M. Boone Mrs. Angelia Robinson, Richard
i : A little infant son be of the same grade as those that have ex
lMI;" I' ; ;;: "died Wednesday last of marasmus. making prolific sources of malaria. They Johns, W. M. Small. Richard pired. The Board! of Public Instructionwill
;: \ should be cut and hauled ,off to the garbage Jones, Hary Smith, J. C. hold its in SchoolRoom
: next regular meeting
;> ; ;.1'. ,##; ,Colonel J. II. Roper, of Gainesville died\ dumping ground, or burned Too much La Chaue] )[rs. Tucker, lIon. J. W. No. 1. Fern mllina. on the 13th day FRED W. HOYT & CO.

r', at Mt. Gilead, X. C., on the 8th inst. Morsemann, John ,
',,' ;j T ? ." precaution cannot be taken during Augustand September, 1883,and will open at 8 o'clocka.
': :' Friend and left for Ohio SAM'L T. RIDDELL P. M. ,. for the of teachers
i :1l'l : : ,11 Emil 0. family September to keep the city in perfect n purpose examining
4 ,
"' ''* .. <'d '" : ,M Mrs. Friend's old home, last Monday. who desire to obtain certificates. Also if FERNANDINA, FLA.,
sanitary condition. Range of ThermometerFOR there should be, any of our teachers whose

""'1 ; .:\J H'' t Little Palmer Van Giessen died at the residence THE WEEK ENDING FRIDAY, AUGUST 17, certificates have expired who desire to have

: T f '.:i. $. Colonel D. J. Taylor last Monday. The City Council. IIORSEY'S:: DRUG STORE. certificates of a higher grade than those they

;, f : ..; ..'.:.: "' Misses Helen and Fannie" Moore, of Green A regular] meeting of the City Council was have had they will have to appear before Grocers, Grain Dealers
hi -
: the Board for examination. ,
.. 'I t ;::: Cove Springs are in the city visiting friends. held on Wednesday evening, with the following I.: -= 1 -= -= ... Furthermore, I desire to reach the trustees

t.' "I,, "j l aldermen present: Hoyt, Avery, d C-l... ci. :; and patrons in general by informing them AND
i, ,'. 1 ): Major W. B. C. Duryee and wife left for It-- icq Q r
Robinson, King Kelly and Williams that it is quite time that they were at work,
S f'l', V the North via the Sea Island Route Inst.Sunday. -
.: } .t..,,. t Alderman Hoyt was elected president pro Saturday..Aug.lI 80 I 00 1 00 87 W. in order that they may be in readiness, as General lI ei chal It

;,. : Sunday ..............12 79 00 SEe .the Public Schools will open the 1st of October S.
!y N : 't, : : L Hon. J. M. 'Baker, Judge of the Circuit tern Monday ............13 781 186 189 861 E.Tuesday..14 next. If there are any of the School
'I"' 'i' '' The following bills were ordered paid : 79 86 86 E. Districts where the trustees term of office
is with his the I
: Court, stopping family at 831
: J.'t: .i', \ Jno. Alberti! 14i days' work on streets.$14.50 Wednesday..15 77 \ 88 RR E. has expired or from any cause that there is

: 1 ". : .. .d f Strath more. Ned Small, 71? .. 7.50 Thursday ..........16 79 00 00 88 SE. no trustee, in such case the patrons should CHOICE FAMILY GROCERIES

. ,. '.'j, .1. t' A case of yellow fever has occurred among George Demott. nursing John Jackson 18.00G. Friday ...._........17 .9 I 00 1 00 8. 1 SEe recommend some one, and I will appoint

? .. .;'" :1.:\ the marine guard Pensacola., The case is F. Aver, boarding city horse for such person at once.

.J ;' :.. July.......................... .................. 15.00 I... W. HIGGINBOTHAM. HAY, CORN, OATS, BRAN FEED
in the ,
r hospital.Mr. M..tnINE.Port
t .; :; Mordecai, scavenger work for July..ll8.00 County Superintendent.
.: : ,: {, J1f: R. H. Jones, a rising young merchant R. F. Smith, marshal, salary for July.] 40.00R. Fernandina, Fla., August 18. 1883.

.'",.!' of Jacksonville arrived here Thursday F. Smith, meals furnished prisoners 6.20 HIGH of Fernandina.WATER. FLOUR, GRITS AND MEAL,

::, 1t.f:j : : with his wife, to spend a few weeks at the Bills referred: Saturday, Aug. 18...... 7:47: A.M. 8:10: P. M. -THEUNIVERSITY -

':', ..: ;; seashore. W. B. C. Duryee, 9 barrels lime.......... 11.25 Sunday, 19...... 8:35" 8:55" OF THE SOUTH
W. B. C. 1326 feet lumber...... 24.14J.
Duryee, AT
20...... 9:11" 9:41"
Monday : :
; Cotton-picking in Middle Florida has begun ,
'. .: ; C. Read repairing plank walk to Old "
j. r '{ ,. ;. i.r: and the bringing in of the first. new Town, etc., to July 31..................... 56.25 Tuesday Wednesday 21..10:07: 10:27 IS LOCATED AT SEWANEE, TENN.,
<: ', bales" is mentioned in several of the local W. H. Pope, on account of vaccinatingcity 'V .' 22..10:5: 11:16 upon the Cumberland Plateau 2,000 feet
23.11:44 0:00
,:. ? I poor....................................... 70.50A Thursday, : : above the sea-level. This School, under the
;. papers. Friday 24...... 0:09": 0:42 special patronage of the Bishops of the Protestant -

i'' ', t )fr. S. D. Reed, formerly conductor on the communication of James Bell and oth- Episcopal Church in the South and -=j F-

ers, relating to the nuisance of cattle run- ENTERED. Southwest offers the healthiest: residenceand
Florida] Transit Railroad is
now running ning at large in the streets of Old Town, was Aug. 12-S. P. St. Nicholas] :Fitzgerald] Sa- the best advantages, both moral and
r, ; on the Fernandina & Jacksonville road, vannah. with freight and passengers educational in its Grammar School and its
referred to the Committee Streets.
vice Wm. F. Livingston, resigned. to C. A. Haley. Collegiate and Theological Departments.For Crockery, Hardware, Tinware
e JT. The special committee to whom was referred 11-Bark Devereaux New the special claims of this University for ,
\ Zingarella, ,
: The office of Mr. A. O. MacDonell
r; ?\ t R'. 1t I general the communication of :Mr.: G. Stark, York ; bricks and spikes to patronage, apply for documents to the
t ; ;' 11 t ticket and passenger agent of the Flor- girder. REV. TELFAIR HODGSON,
in relation to costs in the case of G. Starket BUILDING MATERIAL
'fl, ida Transit & Peninsular Railroad, has just 14-S. P,'. St. Ni holas, Fitzgerald, Savannah Vice-Chancellor, ,
ale C. S.
et o/ returned the
: communication -
} M been provided with a handsome new safe. :, ;; with freight and pas- 37-4t Sewanee, Tenn.
: with the request that a of .
copy .seu' ers to C. A. Haley.
-oj o 0' -
r' ; ; :. ..' Mr. John L. Clay and wife returned last bill be furnished. Aug. 15-S.. S,, Western,Texas, J. Risk, 1,210 J. H. PRESCOTT PAINTS, OILS, CORDAGE, ETC.

.., ;_ night from Hampton Sulphur Springs. We The Committee on Lamps and Lightingwere 'tons,'. New York ; freight and ,

i :E'= are glad to be able to state that Mr. Clay's authorized to purchase six additional agent.passengers, to R. "'. Southwick, DEALER IN

,: health has much improved during his star street lamps. .' 1P S. P.' St. Nicholas] Fitzgerald Savannah -
; r Men's, Roys' and Youth's, GOODS DELIVERED TO ANY P Aor\
+ ;'a there. The report of the City Treasurer, Win. F. with freight and passengers -
\ Ladies'!' Misses'!' and Children's,
: '.; i The 1 Western Texas sailed for New York at' Wood, Jr.. for the quarter ending July 31st, .' to C. A. Haley, agent. THE CITY FREE OF CHARGE.
17-Bark Sprithof(Nor.), Hansen, Pas-
+ .r; 4 p.m yesterday with eighteen passengers was referred to the Finance Committee.On cagoula ; in distress.

?', r .;.( and the following cargo: 523 barrels rosin, motion of Alderman Avery, the Finance CLEARED. -TFINE SHOEsr-!
I' :. <.{ 160 barrels spirits turpentine, 150 tons old Committee were authorized to pro- 13-S. P. St. Nicholas. Fitzgerald, Sa- 1 ORDERS CAREFULLY FILLED.

1. I 1 rails, 299 cases cedar, G4 packages merchandise cure, for the use of the city, books and vannah ; with freight and passengers -

x ; ? and 110,000 feet lumber. blanks needed for the various officers. by C. A. Haley. AND

The Norwegian bark Sprithof. Hansen 6-Sch. Ruth T. Carlisle,' McBride, ..................... .................... ,.....,........
3 : I:. NEWS NOTES. Baltimore ; lumber, by C. H. r ',. ..
I master! which cleared from Pascagoula,was ., Huot. \ ,GENTLEMEN'S FURNISHING GOODS, > "

:: : I towed into this port leaking, Thursday, by HOME. 15-S. P. St. Nicholas, Fitzgerald, Sa- -...--...-'-"'-" '-"-...- -...--...--...-
the Seth Low. The ashore vannah ; with freight and pas- .
tug Sprithof ran
t The New York Labor Unions promise to
C. A.
t'\ sengers, by Haley.
c t 0 1= at St. Augustine. She will probably repair raise $100,000 in aid of the striking telegra 15-S. S. State of Texas, J. Risk, 1,210 ,

n. : I! and proceed on her voyage. phers. tons, New York ; freight and

K '! ; ; Mr. L. D. Tavel], who has been ailing for passengers,by R.W. Southwick,
t x' Orange peel is now said to be collected agent.
d ------ -
: ;r a some time, died in Savannah Wednesday, dried in ovens, and sold for kindling fires.It 17-S. P. St. Nicholas] Fitzgerald Savannah ZESLUNT' '

"; .' kr k ,i .where he had gone for recuperation. His burns readily and with great fierceness, with freight and passengers Florida Lands.
sent here and the funeral took by C. A. Haley.
: : \ body was on
and is than
17-8ch. Roger Drury Smith, Philadelphia Curiosity c Variety StoreOffers
j! 4 ,! place yesterday. The family have the sympathy -
lumber J. C. Read.IN .
'' : The Kimball House at Atlanta, Ga., was ; by
., of the community.
E t,: totally destroyed by fire Sunday night. The PORT.
t ,. a large and carefully selectedSTOCK
: : 'l j .1 The Brennan Base Ball Club played two
; Bark Zingarella (AmJ'). Deveraux.
., loss on the building and the stocks on the
1': :. match games with the Florida Heralds in first floor is estimated at over $1,000,000.The Bark Sprithof (Nor.), Hansen. The Peninsular -'-' OF HOSIERYFor

.: Jacksonville on Thursday and Friday, coming Brig Mary E. Powell, Mitchell.

.' .'p off victorious in both games, as was to lawyers of Georgia have formed a Sch. Tom Williams, Wheaton.Sch. .
: : Silas C. Evans Sylvanus. AND Gentlemen Ladies and Children..
;. ; be expected. In the first game the score State Bar Association, and elected L. N.

.. stood 9 to 2, and in the second 3 to 0. They Whittle, of Macon, president, with five vice- MarrIed.ERICKSONODDy.August. :: 3AN: :c K= ,CHI:: :=PS,

left Friday evening for their home. presidents, and W. B. Hill, of Macon, secretary 17th, by G. W. -,Tropical[ Florida

.;:': I An excursion train was run }yesterday : and treasurer. Schuyler, Justice, Henry Erickson, of Citra, Silk, Linen, and Cotton.
;;: i': '(; l jS I 1 the Fernandina & Jacksonville Railroad, to1 FOREIGN. Florida, to Annie Oddy, of Bradford, Eng- Gloves Neckties Ribbons
r.c afford here to witness The river Nile is rising rapidly. Great
-1 i < people an opportunity Laces, Towels, Napkins!' ,

r' : ; the match game of base-ball between the damage has already been done to crops. I Sale of Earthenware.On Dress Lining, Buttons

I I i her Brennans of New Orleans, and the Florida English doctors in Egypt who have had Saturday the 1st day of Septembernext ARE OFFERING LANDS IN THE and Notions Generally.
I will offer for sale to the highest bid-
'\. ??'.' Heralds, of Jacksonville. Nearly two hundred experience in India with cholera epidemics ,
Transit &
der at the depot of the Florida
+. took of the rates. A new lot of LACE COLLARS and NECKTIES
advantage cheap state that the disease now prevailing in Peninsular Railroad, in Fernandina, one
received and marked low.
1;,. ', The County Commissioners have instructed Egypt is of a distinctly different character hundred and sixty casks of Earthenware just

4. Tax Assessor Garland to notify from Asiatic cholera. more, Macon or less, Georgia; shipment, to various by one consignees.Sale Mr. Crawford -. ALACHU, Our Stock of CORSETS is Very Superior.:

i property owners in the county, whose propertv Over 709 miles of subterranean telegraphlines made to satisfy claim for freight and
: 1 has been raised in valuation by the are completed in France, and 1,300 charges. PUTNAM: : 1 -
VASES, TOILET SETS, we offer a
: 37 F. W. SIMMONS
: Board of the fact and the
Equalization that
miles are in course of construction, to be Fernandina, Fla.. August 10. 1883. fine variety.
: ..I { -w Board will meet on the 5th day of September completed by the end of this year. MARION
; ',i to hear any objection the}' may have in For Sale.A FLORIDA AND SEMI TROPIC.\L CURIOSITIES w
The Mexican Financier states that a vein of

: ) : I {1, regard to the action of the Board. ore has been struck in San Augustine mine good horse and wagon. Apply to SUMTEP ANDHERNANDO A SPECIALTY.

""t George S. Brown, conductor of the construction MRS. EMMA FLETCHER,
I atCatorce San Louis Potosi which
yields Third Street. SS* Orders from the Country SolicitedZKIZISFG'S .'.
I" I train on the Florida] Transit & about $16,000 ton. This mine has
a long Fernandina, August 11,1883-tf,
:," I Peninsular Railroad, died at Bronson on
t been distinguished for the great treasures it ,
'F' d last of of the liver after For Rent.
Tuesday congestion has produced.
17 tf Cor. Centre and Fourth Sts.
a short illness. The body was taken to Pa- One of the best truck-farms inthis sec- AT PRICES FROM

latka for interment. :Mr. Brown was for Perack, in the Malay Peninsula, now pro- tion of the country. For particulars applyto PROCLAMATION"Revoking
duces about as much tin every year as Corn- MRS. EMMA FLETCHER.
,t many years a resident of this city, where he Third Street.
wall. Last Perack exported not less -
was well known. He leaves a wife and two than 7,000 tons of that valuable metal. In Fernandiua:: August 11,1883-tf. $1.25 to $10 per Acre.All all Proclamations Offering Rewards

i children. for the Arrest of Fugitives from Justice
the works there
mining are 40,000 Chinese Stable at a Bargain.I .
'l Sea Island Route. employed at present. Issued Prior to January 1, 1883.
offer at a bargain my entire establish- these lands are in the central
The steamer Florida which was towed to ment in this city, consisting of Carriages,

Charleston a few weeks to have some Arrivals at the Strathmore.B Buggies, Wagons, Carts, Saddle and Carriage peninsular portion of the State, and STATE OF FLORIDA, )
improvements made to machinery and OFFICE "
to nave'alterations made in her cabins and F Walterraire] St Louis; Dr A J Spencerand Horses Terms, Harness of purchase, etc., CASH. within fifteen miles of Railroads in TALLAHASSE, FLA., July 20, 1883)JWHEREAS
wife L 0 Gold Daniel Bowen
r" other woodwork, is expected to return to Samuel G. F. AVERY. successful THE LEGISLATURE of
Jacksonville J F operation traversing a territory -
Rybrey. ; Atlan-I I ,
c Savannah during the latter part of this Office and Stable-First Street, near Broom the to
ta R W Cater. Jr Baltimore E L Brooks appropriation
1 ;:,, week, when she will be run temporarily on ; ; Street Wharf. 46 which is being more rapidly
DC M L crimi
the inside route to Florida in place of the Washington ; Hartridge, GeorgeS I pay rewards offered for the arrest of

t steamer St. Nicholas, which is to be with- Harding, Captain Chas Rrock, R 0 Harri- In the Justice's Court, Nassau settled and developed than any other nals to the years 1883 and 1884 as shown by
man, W Cutler, J M Roehers and wife, Dr ,
l drawn and overhauled. A S Baldwin, H E Holmes. Jacksonville; County, Fla. part of the State. the Laws of Florida, Chapter 3426, Acts of
The steamer City of Bridgeton, which is
also being overhauled at Charleston, will be Mrs W F Sylvester and two daughters, Miss RILEY E. ROBINSON vs. MAR-)) The fertility of the soil and accessi- 1883 :

in readiness for service about the 10th of Bucki, Ellaville; F Hubbard, St Louis; GARET BRISTOL and V.J. BRIS-I THEREFORE, I, WILLIAM D. BLOXHAM
D G Proctor Coneville C L and THE bility to the largest and best markets
i' ; Bucki, Ella- TOL, her husband }
September and will be run to Fernandina Governor of the State of Florida, by virtueof
1 after that time with the St. Nicholas, when ville; John E Hartridge, wife, child and FLORIDA TOWN IMPROVEMENT j make these lands particularly desira-
the vested in the Constitu
''. the Florida will be withdrawn from the inside maid, W T Forbes. George :M Smith ; R M COMPANY. J power me by

route and run on the St. John's river Call, Jacksonville; A S Proskey, Phoenix State of Florida, Nassau County. rable for the cultivation of fruits and tion and Laws of said State, do hereby revoke

It H from Jacksonville the winter. The Mills Fla; George Wilson Mrs Baldwin, all proclamations offering rewards for
during Altamonte L H You are hereby notified that a writ of attachment early vegetables for shipment. For
Temple, Tempe'sIills] \ C
Florida has been greatly improved in ap- ; has heen issued against you the the arrest of fugitives from justice issued
H Whitner
and will hereafter be Sanford; R H Whitney, A M : large and immediate profits there is
pearance, operated asa said Margaret Bristol'and: J. Bristol, her
Ingersoll, A Fisher, wife and child,Jackson- prior to January 1,. 1883.
high instead of a low pressure boat. The ville Mrs H J Bond child and husband, and your property attached, to no industry in Florida equal to the
condenser which occupied a great deal of ; servant, satisfy the demand of Riley E. Robinson, IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF, I have hereuntoset

room on the lower: deck has been removed, Tallahassee Fla C E Udal; J Miss A Richardson, Maitland,, amounting-fo the sum of one hundred dol- raising of early vegetables for Northern my hand and caused the Great
; Mamie Crocker Iowa.
;: while the officers' quarters in the after part lars. Now, unless you shall appear beforeG. markets.For Seal of the"State of Florida to be
;= of the boat on that deck have been transferred W. Schuyler a Justice of the Peace in .
Shingles.All [L. s.I affixed. Done at the Capitol,
to the upper deck. In this way: a and for Nassau county, at his office at Fer- new 'and descriptive circular
deal of additional has kinds at City of Tallahassee, this the 20th
great freight room nandina Fla., on the 18th day of September -
:k k been secured for: the convenience of ship- 38-tf FRED W. HOYT & Co's. A. D. 1883, at 10o'clocka.in.,judgmentwill address day of July, A. D. 1883.

; pers. The boat has also been furnished be rendered against you, and your prop- CHAS. W. LEWIS, WILLIAM D. BLOXHAM
with a new set of wheels, which will ma- Notice.I erty sold to pay the debts. Dated this 17th

terially assist in promoting her speed, and have appointed Mr. Hugh Boring as my day of July, 1883. Land Commissioner, Governor.
it is understood that quite a saving in fuel deputy. J. E. MEDDACGH RILEY' E. ROBINSON, Fernandina Fla. By the Governor-Attest:

will result in consequence of the alterations I City Tax-Collector. Pai] JI tiff. JOHN L. CRAWFORD,

made in the machinery.-Savannah News.; Fernandina, August 11, 1883. Fernandina, Fla.] August 18, 1883-4w. I Or Ocala, Florida. 38 35-4t Secretary of State.


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