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UFPKY NEH LSTA



Florida mirror
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00054505/00004
 Material Information
Title: Florida mirror
Uniform Title: Florida mirror (Fernandina, Fla.)
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: A.B. Campbell, Geo. Burnside
Place of Publication: Fernandina Fla
Creation Date: February 9, 1884
Publication Date: 1878-
Frequency: semiweekly[<1894-1899>]
weekly[ former 1878-<1886>]
triweekly[ former <1890-1891>]
semiweekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Fernandina (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Nassau County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Nassau -- Fernandina Beach
Coordinates: 30.669444 x -81.461667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Nov. 30, 1878)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1901.
General Note: "Democratic" <1880>.
General Note: Editor: Geo. R. Fairbanks, <1887>.
General Note: Publishers: George R. Fairbanks, <1885-1886>; Moore & Manucy, <1887-1891>; The Mirror Pub. Co., <1894-1898>.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002057832
oclc - 33834378
notis - AKP5868
lccn - sn 95047336
System ID: UF00054505:00004
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Nassau County star

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efnI o uit>. I cj ne ii ,n i. ,,,,. .... i,-,!n': t
f S t. M a r '-y 1, 1.i t1,:l tl -rv t'. re tli,:- [i ,,'-t [ 'I i 'I'tL -'* .
Ie point for the .-,_,ntrh .l,:hit, [art's Rbad. As to slil i-:,-. f ilit.. :
essels leaving-thleiwharv-\- ;it ,.t. M.ai,.,-aie
lear of the bar in one IoLr--a iumore tfavora-
le showing than any liarlh.o:,r ,n titn- r-.t,
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fi ele! U el !. t._, ee Will ,, ee jl-ls n!t
h i l [ I i eul i r tile fi,- t h r In-- t,_,l i lil t" ,'X-

i, r:I ,-' t- l,- rI.. r.il- t t. .' lao i. iti .- \I.i[,.'\\,
I Vll ic t i t' in i t lilt ,, Aii. I ,,.,i ,i l -l n, .i thft i t
'i nilihk r ,:.,_,l'l w axv:- lI.i~l \i',it,:,_l F l,,iriild i n
_L7 _C>, .ilirl, l ui," .Rli.,l- \i T]l eL-iit(li iT i-, .1 i 'i i
li^,c, Allen. t,..> see 1Sb^. \',:,t will .*e>-_ Jlu't
S.n:lie ai l, |:'>--I::11.' I ;:,oi ndi the- re,: rdr
u l,_, l vi \'i-it t,:,' _t. l i.'t -tilie, Il,,.l tlird
now that lie uiilv ini :lm d the return one
year. Yet, added Mr. Allen thoughtfully.
we may have another scorcher next, year! "
Mr. Allen Ip.sses-ses a'retenlive lueniory
alld. tile i i Il. inatiol n is iu ip rtant. First,
we Imay look for these cold blasts to .omeO
every fifty 'ears. Second, nift'" years w.ill
give anmple tiie for any oelldesiring tW gr,_,w, /,
ora'-iges for profit to ilant. his grove 'anid .-. .-.,
realize his fortune. rle...s, -owever, t.he ,
Predictions of"Mr. Lev'y w\,ill he veitied .ao .'
c l"*,itt>-lV liil-t Vyejl', I.S t,, ti6 m0e alid, severity, ,.-.
\\e, -.1,ftlie hol'rtln-rli ilIte- i r, l".'..e0-"iio- have 'v,,
0iS arC, i iy ,ld I maII t, L : i ll'3as. a tIIrl..1 'i .'- .. ,Q
have lie d a entirey ofl n erruptqlp r,, .
Perint i n ,-ranl ie och litui e l,. tit ,. i--.lc. - --
itext c.--l wd ve period.- Llk f /.'tf A ,1p lrl.'- ..
THE FREEZE AND ITS RESULTS. '.. r ',.*"."
A n1 i':', tht e l r'lsk ine l-ildeliit [ t -i l a ii .
ttre in Florida, the ,wcca>ioinal.klpw .e. ,[P er'- '"';"
turf. w'l ie i.iJ li.le toi:, j :ch ii, thsl'h latitude : .
;has "ih reto, ire )ee '1c, ns dere t.116 1"m io st I.r- -
rnidale. DurinI t hIe past rew yearstwere v ,e1..-
h -l.tnL-n st ver i o",,,-. '',yt_ ,i.."wheiri t h6cg Bier- -.
CUiV hlias irilick't dtV,1 3J5 ,ad .d.'leleven- Jl.wterA" '
"witho-ut any appreciable injury to the orange '. ;
interests. .^, ;.";
' -^rphe ,l sti,-, *n.aluraly *al 'ise thre I r tr ';
'i, Cw low a iie.:ee, c n til'e .ornge'1tree'p i '."'-.
:its fruit en ire witt, illmunity'.'-In'frbh ;N *" '
iN,_irtli, where the orange is soreti e cu)ti- ,.
,va 'e I as a l, : t hu. plva t it' is-embef d .
inl,,r 1-1. u|.,,"-n th-1e s li test iudieation of.
frot, and there is but lit-tle doubt but that '.. "J
;.i, .irang -e tree il New Y,.,rk citiy exposed to ....
t teiper;lature of 255 wtuld be destroyed. "
Are there, t hen, c certain climatic ,cod--'; ,,(
t.i,;,os e.-sisLirng i u Flwi.'.p w.bio,,.ea&^W ^:-
orange tree to inure itself t,, tlipee sxfrpefeu.... ,e% ..-,*'
.'rnother words,-does the orange jfbom r-.,.,,.
climated o.0 w,,uld an t-,range p ro tfram?- ....
planted here from a,the tropics be,.,equaJly .,..*;;
;able to stand ,uih intensely qMd weather as
',one propagated here;? Th^S lJexoeedingly.., .. .
[interesting ques.io-is which .*CI propWrly. :
within tlie province ot"scientists to e'ludast. .'
But tbhe nomunity at large can canva ".
the facts, and by comparing notes from th. .*

I+ ; ,.r


THE FLORIDA MOR: FEBRUARY 9, 1884.
THE FEBRUARY 9, ....S4


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t t I~I l y:: t~
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18i2, coldest d5- *44." in 1827, cold- We are glad to learn that -the Benate 0o
W t'


1826, coldest day-,1 44:0 in 1827, c oi d We ar gldt er ht teSnt
est day was 431 in 1828, the coldest Military Committee has made a favor- b
day, April 6th', 27,:.; in 1829, coldest able report upon the claim of the StateL
32. of Florida to be reimbursed for the ex- v(
In 1835, on'the 7th of February, penditures made by the State in sup- b
came the gref., freeze, succeeding a pressing Indian hostilities in 1857. !
very mild andop@en winter. It will be a.great relief to the State,
Since that period we have had, at va- Land will enable the amount of the
rious times, t ,iii'lrature as-low as 24, State bonds held by the Indian T,.ut
and every few years the nursery stock Fund to be paid off and cancelled, and r
is killed down or injured, but the in- leave a considerable .,.,1..,..e in.favor
jury is only t,m,,.:,orary as the immense of the State. We hope oiur Se.. i:.1,
vitality and vigor of the Orange re- will secure early action on the bill in
plates the injured shoct, and soon order that it Q .-, i'.':" tlf.-. i
obliterates all traces Af thee::pld. A WORD ONV L.A XD A TS. :
'.. _' _*. Our tgood contemporary, the Jacksonville .
POINTS OFP PROGt(ESS,.REA IED Tii es-f,,;..., is quite unne,-eril :ir,
1Z.Y l.l L ii TNas to th e liikbili i.y .of the Stabe crl.'-.i-i,..i,:.,:,,-,
~By ~I:. I of lands, if so. ni^ch laind as they may claim
The present'month will witness sev- is not found by-railroad corporations which ,
er very imornt eventsin the ri- obtained .grants. It need not apprehend
er'al very important -events in thle rail- n^^gt illaet uns neuv
That the State will, have to furnish an equiv--
road system of Florida. The South talent fo4- non-existent lands" in millionss
oa sof dollars worth o bonds," for. the (o,,-titi-
Florida Railroacd has already been tion, Sec. 7, Article XII, says the Legisla-',
Scompleted- to T,-,aip. The Florida ture shall have power to provide for is.,tin +,
,-om.pleted- to I- .". State bonds bearing interest for securing the
Southern has reached Leesbrrg via debt of the State, for the ;erection of State
T r ,-,. -- buildings, and( for the support of State in-
Lake Weir. Th6 Ti,ansit and .enm.su- stituiont's; but the credit of the State shall '
lar Ralroad haslso reached Leesburg not be,,-dorloaned,to ayi'ini ,
lar ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ay c~lr,o...... .+orpiAoration or .~iai, !Sec-
via Wildwood. IThe Rowland's Bluff tio,,n8: l No tax shall :ie le-ied pon per--
*4 sons for the -benefit of ay chartered conin-
Railroad will lre--.i Gainesville in the sons for the benefit of ay ch oarteredconsl-
pany, or by counties or bV (t,.11oratinsf
course of the month. It is true that 'the above-mentioned purposes." So if tlhe
. +' r .. "Legislature had v,.. millions of d.,llf ir... in,
no unbroken lno. of railroad has, yet. bonds int-tea -of millions f a.- oflandi,
-1._ .e..., T l.i ,-,but the Trni Bl- t o hegranteescould,,,t i e% liz ,, t
~ ~ ~ v r eJe t l l u y w a i n w n d h a 'v e b e e n U ri,-_ ,,i st it u~ t it, n al
road ir"'t'd t- PShasoffkee, and fthe Neither can they recover any equjiva!et
*"1 *'*-]+.,-r,+,-,,,,- *o d s '-i rededA for die-,-ioij-ies in lands which they took
ordo'n. International road is graaea. ^ ghnces ofgetting when t ey aske
,the chances of getting when' theyask-ed and
twenty miles north of Tampa, so that accepted charters granting sichl lands as,
S "' . o. were to be fouiid. '
Sbut seventy miles of gradcm'g remain, Further, when:the lands granted by act
which can readily be accomplished of Congress of 1850.are -all, takei -up :%here .
A:rie more to be haq for it was out._of these
during the present year., When this Ulands the gran, :ser. tooe tilledd, Tri..,ih-' ;
S'is done the Florida System of Internal : + *.
SImprovement d,, ided- up,, n "in. 1,854 NOTii-ER WONDER iN ELE:.-' r r:.'IirY'--Profes-
"txuve "uu. -'V' "" t r,,1 Siemens has-ilpplle' liisommmul" ;
.will have been accomplished, ;tL t theRova Society "O fithe;effect
:,trun lines of broad g aucge railway of the electric light on thligrowthiof.plants,.
. tunk l s o rd g e r a by a derhonstration-.of its +effectsd-n the ripe-
:will extend frbm;*Tampa to Pensacola ening of fruit. He exhibited two pots of
i., ee. ." .--ex tre ity of ,the-State, straw\\l:,r'ri;-, 'whicweh weret,'edl under pre-
S,;rn. the .w'm e xt ret o e ...... .cisely.the same conditions. -One had been.
' and Jaeksonvill and Fernandina' on exposedd todaylight only in tile usual.wa.,
arid i-o,; ,t- a bunch of green e.rrles-; .hre
;its nort]e rri bor,:er.. the other, which, i ad.lition aylig t,
T .Tle other roaqs, which have been hali''t.,ai"ith
.. night, bore a cluster :of large, ripe,-well
Constructed' trom'the St. ohns into the ,.: formedstrawb.erries.'. If *experience should
3' be'reardedas feeders confirm this result, viz.:, that the, electric
.interior, may. be regarded as eeers light is very efficaciougs in promotingthe-
'f thei,,4 -- e .at + .ll rod formation "Of the saccharine and aromatic
t, geat- .I ,.o ..- matter in p].ants, horticulturists, will have,
The Atlantic i:.,,at wi- be connected .tj e means ofrmaking.thlemselves piactically.-
" .h-t, *+LT i i i.k a .n -,ail. from In- independent of solar light, in producing a
" .with-the Tiul_ ie- s by rail. rom. high quality of fruit at all seasons of the
dian river to Leosburg, and by, per- year.
I


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.d!!lll.iHr n HIS1'O1T. hi
eb p-iblih sewhere an item rela- tt
e to :, .-.iods of cold weather- o1
n t.h :'" ity Reporter. r
E?%^66 -(o Id snaps were not as
1" 5 h .
ere on as"', uri,:us as that of the
,h of Decemlir, 1S8,_, and there has 6
ver blen chronicled to our knowl-
e:anT)V fre to equiial that of Febru- C
. 1S35. tea tihe tempe-rature went
1W;47'. .'1b,'e zero,. We have no s,
"' e "^ f:^ ~o:,in_ belowl9 at a
,.pj-, Y-lu-.^ Fl,:riil:, during the
r. -. r Ir, 1S135 it went
1111i-i. In an at- a
-,'",f A ,.. ..-,,Vist it-r is t
2; ,V,,:, ..7, ti n Spa n,
Be! t L:.-' 7, above zero,
,:l,:,,tl:,t ,ut that the .
-,_;lc.t,-'l,-,rih-, i, December
.. 1:-: i ,n'red ma-
rially by l'0.Pbove zero. "
We have it i',, our power to refer to
veral periocdsjt cold weather during
e past 120 3-..' -.. John Bartram, the. '
ninent bot,,i.-, was on the St. Johns
ver.in 176,_ .--,nd recorded the fact
[at on the 3d t' -January of that year
n the St. JohorF- river, south of Lake
eorge, the tlr-,inometer stood at 26,
ind 'northw,'-'.- and ground frozen,
nd that on the ame night the lime,
emon and b',,::u,, trees'in St. Augus-
ne were kill',.
In .1774 11,_-.-,. "*as q i-- s.-:, torm
vhich exten,1" ,,mer most of. the

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ST. MARS RIIVEKR SECTION.
-NEW 'RAILROAD ROUTE FROM' FLORIDA .NORTH ,
VIA. ST. MARYS," GA. .. ,
.Amid the many -"niifway rumJlig.." '.
whose echoes have unfortunately, hittierto
beeni very distant for us dwellers by the
sea," at St. Mary*s, we have been, especially
pleased oflate to find the attention of cer-
tain prospectors" (if our railway friends
will excuse the application of the famiiliar
mining term to thlieir proceedings), turned
to this point., and anxious inquiries being
made as to the best crossing near, or at St. '
Marys, for a railway connecting the existing
systems in Georgia with those of Florida at
Hart's Road, etc. But better than any" of
th-ese fragmentary schemes, So to speak, is.
the far more comprehensive one, Whlii-ch,
looks to a line from Millen to Jesup. Ga.,
and from thence via. St. Marys to Hairt's
Road or Jacksonville, Fla. ; ,:':
The' charter 'firm Jesup to St. Mea rys has : "- '
already been obtained, and .the charter F
parties are willing to cooperate andciom-
plete the line from 'Miller, to Jacksonvile.
This line will revolutionize the ,iii-tirll.
travel from'New York anld- the E.i,-."-rn
States, inasmuch. as, being almost a bee line .
from Millenr t6 Jacksonville, the distance to'
Wwi.-1,in-ton or New York will be shoffrtened, ,
so we are informed, by six to seveii hutrs,
and the position of the company be 1i.
solntely unassailable by any rival 'at any
future time, as it will be impossible to out-
flankl it. A line so located would not,
only attract alnd absorb all the Northernr or
Southern-bonnd freight and passenger traffic',
but at St. Marys possess one of the finest.'
ports in the South.
Our representatives iI ..( I'!-- r ,- li:iv\-I: re-
cently introduced, *a bill l:., t -,. :i :propria-
tioun of $100,000, to be expended in ,..,n ri:,,i.'.
forward the jetty -y-t,-tm on our bar, de-
.;. ....by General Q. A. Gil-lmore, adil.1-
;llri-.,[v ,.ti~i-,_til '-' a l ui kiltr_, iln |.,r,_,xt.l-in~ l t,
tilt- I, [ 'kh. l Pi, ,1 .I l i. l: l.i t ,' t '\ 1 l] .'1i.
,.,1 tlie I' l |l'lti...rLn _.,I' t lne j't ty \v Irk it i.
., ii i. i i l l r,-1i,.- II,. il l I _.,, i i .- ,-_,:, Jv.,
... i I, *-- 7 ',"-I .
T ill i'- ,iI',, ,,,i'.ii,,i ,.,1' tit- i.i':.,,r- ia a n il
F I, .! I I l'2i-2 i- iljl d,_. jk'-, \,:r\ Il. .-ro nl
[lI .-I t l -, i,,':, ii i i 1, ,. ,'iLr liln iln L .,,ii-
i, ,, ',\ i l l 1i,_' l .i,,It,_'l t t "t r i .,jt i~t L ,'t--l- y "- ^'T *''
;.ill.l \V..lp I.I.. ,.,,l1 ,itli tl -d .
I s,. 1 t lie iI
"" .-ul1ti \,it'^ M !~il im


aps, other roads from the coast to
he Sto Johns river intersecting a line
F- road tobe built parallel with the
river. .
THE COLORED CONVENTION.
The colored convention held at
iainesville resulted inthe following
platform, which we clip from the
iainesville Bee:
1. We want increased facilities of common
school education and thle higher branches, so
s to be able to reduce the high rate of il-
iteracy which thle last census shows to exist
m111n11g our people in this State.
2. We want a fair representation on juries,
-nd a fair sllhow in tle courts and before jus-
ices of tlhe peace.
3. We want to cast our votes freely and
have them fairly counted, and also a better
ysteni of registration; one which shall
give county commissioners less power to dp
njiistice to colored. voters.
4. We want a fair recognition and representa-
ion in the offices of the State and county, and
also under city j,,Il-,I.//, l III'I.
5. We want to enjoy the same rights aid
privileges accorded to others in all public
places, on railroads and steamers, when we
pay the same fare.
' 6. We want a law enacted restoring to the
right of suffrage all men (most of whom are
colored) disfranchised for alleged petty
offenses tried before justices of the peace.
The following addition ,to tlie platform,
\v i~.,-.,, adopted :
Resolved, That we determine on such a
conr'PfFaction as will unite our vote in fa-
vo' ,,t.'-.e election of an Independent for
Goverhor, should circumstances exist to
w arrnit.,itr.',
- L ... 1 ,ii.il,..-,.of sympathy with the temper
ance movement were passed, and a vote of
thanks was also extended to the President,
tof the United States, for his recognition o'f
, t ,, .. i' ,- 1 *. : .1-

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he great steamship 'carriers, which
will be needed to transport our fr
[p ome and foreign markets.

ernandina and Jack ...
NAn furnish to meet tht
which will soon be upo$ti '
already good harbor be-sp I-
proved, and let the work "t. l. uth '
of the St. Johns be al:-o ,r ed for-
ward irn the interest of FlI,:, an d its
real tutllle. I ii

ONEROUS COUN'ITY A-ND -I '-
P.A L T.AX 1 T ION. '
County, tax }:,l- r tao
C',,llun .'ty s chu l 17'1:., l,:,.nr t,,iti.:. y h

and, pu ,l ic ,B,, r 1 :,,il,_li ,-, .-i.: i
t.ot l, f, urteen m ill, t,:,r -',:,,
We take tthes-e item?-- aI the e:..bl


FLORIDA NEEDS DEEP SEA HARA-
BOB&.
The importance 'of Fernandina bar
to Florida seems too self-evident to
need much argument. From the
earliest times the entrance to the St.
Marys river has been referred to by


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travelers, by historians and by geo-
graphers as one of the best natural
harbors on the Atlantic coast, and the
only entrance on the eastern coast
of Florida admitting the approach
of vessels of burthen. Thirty years
ago it compared favorably with any
harbor south of Norfolk. During these
., thirty years the harbors north of us
**'"*:""-';have been improved to meet the ,e-
mands for'larger ships of greater
draught. Within the last four years
work of a similar character has been
inaugurated to improve the entrance
to this harbor. The appropriations
have been small compared with the
magnitude of the work, but the char-
acter of the bottom of the basin is such
that the work which has been done
has stood remarkably well, and re-
mains in place, so much so that. it has
actually been built upon by the action
of the sea and strengthened. The
further gratifying fact is stated upon
the' authority of-our pilots that already
the bar depth has been favorably
affected, and an increased depth of at
least one foot obtained.
These are encouraging facts, and
give a powerful reason for increased
appropriations with the assurance thus
obtained that the contemplated depth
of water will be -obtained.
The entrance to the St. Marys river,
commonly called the Fernandina bar,
is the"deep-water port of peninsular
Florida.
Does Florida need such a deep-
S water port ;:on the Atlhntilc? '.


mile:' in 1.-n-th :-id 1,--H in breadth.
It is a ,ourtry .l.,eul irlh s-uited to the
production of tropical fruits and early
vegetables. In the peninsula there are
being- set out thousands of orange
groves, all .the product of which will
'be, exported from the State--let us
estimate what transportation will be
S required when'ten thousand orange
'grove.yi.-- -,in.;; ten n-cres. e.ach are in
fIll bethie' wei :nd:th+ : follwin|i
item i a. :l.eri t. Oalarndo .'. .., ..i r
XMr. ERc. W. er"-' hosee thrifty grove is
tcocated about half a mile north of the court-
lrouse, hi- shiipped'350 boxes, or abou
5nnFn~ (.I'm Ie.-, gathered from trees upon om
acre ofland, one of the trees livi nearly
S ,'O Oran ges by actual count; Return
from virl't ,]-,i:.iernwnt,'made this season aver
aged ..:iper box, net, and he expects to ge
.F7 5' per box on-the last shipment.
ST:;, ingtwo-thirds only of the yioel
S .above re1fferr__'d to a's the average yielh
: 0f full bearing orange .groves:, and. w
will have 225 boxes to the ac ie or 2,25(
b,:,xes as the yield of :each ten-ac:r
;r \, grove, being the *equivalent of nin
Sr : i car-b1;,load (of 250 bolsr e;ea,.h, sand th
: ' i, product. off-ten, thlousaind such g'ove
;;, ^:. would requlie 90,000( cars to transp r
S,\ '.. : .s: tth m t,:l~, r tik t. ,If o ehah f ,f th
/II;'' ut iS sent by sea It wouldll,. give 2,25
.:--i c.,.,,,se' ,,f tern tho,:usa~n,: 1.oxes- ea,:.-h ; ,:
if we redui:.e t~he:,e.timate ,_ne-half
,w-nlid 9till reqifii 1,125 shipl,.o. m,;i.,;
.. + ,:,ine-ha~lf of! the product oft t~er tl-iotsanl
: e: r.goves~i'^'-is the 'estimate, extravagant
IHIw; iman y, less "than ten t h,:u-r,


i y iI; i@t a;er nqw. min exi-ternle in. Flor:id
-. ; i'Lvbli,-sl. l_, stages of'progress ? , +;; :
,,, ': ./.' The oit. \,e,, retopti.ron
.* i ,he importaI-,,. of ^etfal.,lihlling "c
.:0i1; At.ln, tic,:,it a deep se: ,harb<
t:, m,-eet tlhe, imei e. ,demand for ;-,
t.rt: r-p:,,:,':;rt;f whi:'h \ will soon be up,:
1 s I : ; ***
Tli-' i.- 1r-1 F eM -i',i. iit.A in-t re.s
lhe-e .;:r, e, \.- hi,;-h .are to. pr,:",, :.':,t tl
' ;i.tit. ,l,, nr:t, lie in thi vi-l:Ni, ity, but a
the w\ay-dolwan tlie 'peninsula, and it
t he ir,.eri,:r ,;:,rt.-me growers- whbo- a
alm,:,st es:lu.ively int.erested in t]
ir,-:,:,rtar, t ,questi,:n of providing f


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rates f t. ,:.ix it ,r ,:t ,-,i,_ r.'ther "
sparsely 6ettlied eastern cLintIIes, ,,vter' '
very stray efforts are made to induced
immigration. With the. State tax
added, the rate in that county is nearly si
-two per cent. We doubt very much
whether such a rate of taxation would e
commend itself to a new settler. Five r
mills only for the State and fourteen
mills' for the county indicates an ex- o
pensively managed county. It wouldG
be well for County Commissioners to "
consider that the effect of high taxes a
is deterring immigration. 1
In our cities it is much worse. Taket
for instance one of our leading cities
where the city tax is two per cent. and
the State an .i,, .,:I:-i : t
half per ceint. -.i :i ,-
case of a w i.-l,:'v l- tt -.,:-t. ,..'
e ig h t th o u s ,, ,! i l l ,:,1 ,i.?. H ,,- -'
valued at $;:;.1 "-ic ::,m ,-I th i,-u-n\ 'iti ,,
h er estate,,$ ., ,0 ": 1 -1 1 -.-:.,,-,:l i l:,,,u l.-
and m ortga .-_.,-, i.hr. 1 t-,, _--i: -l,_ v.Q i .h
constitutes i-' ,:,,I ,- i .- ,, iil.,: t.
S h e is taxe Id 1"" -" ""-'. I-,
h o m e a n d I .' : .t "C i;,.,t,,:.y .,I
in terest, m ;,l:in,. .. t,.,l, .,1 s"-'.'- .-
com e -out of her i -,A,-:41_, H '.1 i p_:,:r
.year from l ,,:i 0,r1 a d iu.--rt-,-;., ie,
N r ^ L',, d .-_hel- y ., t-,I .l.,_,.ejLU~si d" 'J e.t

,(i>ii-li -airnv,,.ste, in trelitable prop-
erty; taxes, insurance and repairs
would lenve her but a small pittance,.
The necessary consequence of such
I a rate of taxation is to discourage in-,
I vestmentsby a refined and cultivated
I class'of people, who cannot afford to
pay out nearly all their .income in,
taxes, and who, must perforce seek more
I economical places to live in.
S ..In a county of about the same popu-
lation adjoining the one we have re-
ferred to., the whole county tax is'but
s eight mills, the amount being divided
- between the. 'school t--: and county
e purposes. Supposing the two counties
r possessed equal advanc'-', the. new
s settler would n -it :i,-:tlly c-! ".- .- the lo-
Scation where his taxes would be
lightest. '
COLORED INDEPENDENTS.
d Mr. Bisbee haswritten a very long
e letter in reference to theconference
0 of the representatives of'the colored
e race at Garinesville,,the main purlpi:,,rt
. of which' covered up with many plati-
e ,tudes and unmeaning: get, erlit.ies is
's tthat. the,:coloi'ed people sioul do
rt; nothingbut a tta:.h themselves to the
i Republlican kite. It remains to be
-0 seen. h i\\W*, potent the mAndate :, 0 -
:r H,:,ratio:, \\-il be..r:- If 'his advice is foi=
lt lowed it. \will b:e nilame c-ind impoten~t
".':.c,n,-.li.is.,n tur' a ,-::,';n-enti,:,n, t-h,- imin
;'.i purpose ,:,f \ihidi,' w\as. ,:e,'-l,.,red t~o :,e
- 1-'oliticLal'indepen'lence" ..
,... THE billt-:-,rt-the -lief--;'f G+
hi,' Fitz John Porter passe'dthe Houie of
,, Representatives by a vote of 1800 t,.78.
13" The' negative votes were all cast by
)n Republicans, uider the leadershipp: of
r+ the unwary Keifer, Horrt: etc.,! The
:l high-t.,:,ie,:l, : gentlemanly Poland;, of
:111 Vermont, voted aye, indel:penrdent of
,,. party associations. ,
* '/ MA.'NY of-t ohe W! eastern ,liii'd' Sou:tK


" \vest.-err, l..Ind grantto r;ilroa'.ls ~.have
been repeale,1, but as&yet .,no Florida
roads have been included in the re-
re, :pealing laws. The t ruthli is that the
he 'Florida roads are showing satisfactory
or progress, and earning their grants.


M ,. M, .- m. ,,I
"'. n ," i i i "!
[', L *' l,, r i ,- ,-
It ..,- i;:, I d... ;~ ,.





T RUG&S, YIEDICOTNES, E1;TC

ES'ITABLIBSTED 1875.


DRUGS and MEDiCiNES


_r~W__Ya~___X__~_Y_^_lt~aP_~~L~(


Bedsteads,
Springs, Mattresses,
Pillows, etc., etc.

CALL AND EXAMINE.

FRED W. HOYT 8& CO.


i rni it'rl1'e r v pil'ed in til t }he .w ,i!;ali! M rT.
dlair Mattended s made to inr att wo.



0 0ONTRACT0 RI AND B UI I) D;*,


FEINANDINA, FOLDIA.
Orders and estimates fro'mre a dista.'.Kc i'-ar.
fuqlly attended to. _5-:



OQNTRAOTOR ..... BU LDr ,

Aid M'in i' uf
FLOORING, CEILING, HOLDINGSS,

FANCY SCROLL SAWING,

BRACKETS, TURNED 'BALUSTERS,
NEWEL POSTS, STAIR RAILINGS.

STAIR and CHURCH WORK a SPECIALTY.

Elevations and Floor Plans, with esti-
mates, furnished at reasonable rates.
,a" Orders by mail promptly attended to.
Address P.O. Box 174, Fernandina, Fla. 5

F_ W-_ A-TST, Y,








.--W a 6 U


STOVES, TIN-WARE, ETC.
WV. P. STREET,
Second Street, opposite the Post-Office.
FERNANDINA, FLA.


South side Centre St., near the Depot.
FLORIDA JEWELRY FOR SALE, AND
MADE TO ORDER.
--All work warranted.
NEW YORK
BAKERY and CONFECTIONERY
WILLIAM iHYNES
W ISHES TO REMIND THE PUBLIC
that he is now ready to make any
kind of
BREAD. CAKEIOR PIES.
on the shortest possible notice. He will also
have on hand, for the Holidays, a fine assort-
ment of
ENGLISH FRUIT CAKE,
ranging from one pound upwards.
_& All orders thankfully received and
promptly attended to.
51 tjan WM. HYNES,

L UCY COTTAGE,
Seventh-St., near Egmont Hotel,
FERNANDINA. FLORIDA.
Offers pleasant rooms, well furnished, with
or without board. Table Boarders will be
accommodated; also transient.
2 Miss LUCY.O. THOMPSON.

SEED POTATOES.
EARLY ROSE,
EARLY VERMONT,
BEAUTY OF HEBRON,
WHITE ELEPHANT.
Also a full assortment of
THORBURN'S RELIABLE GARDEN SEEDS.
Forsale low by a W. F. SCOTT.


STOVES, HEATERS, RANGERS.
TIN AND SHEET-IRON WARE
ROOFING AND GUTTERING,
PUMPS, DRIVEN WELLS, ETC
A large stock of Stoves on hand. Give me
a call, and compare my prices with those of
other houses, here or elsewhere.
THE CELEBRATED


MONITOR OIL STOVES

FOR SALE BY
FRED W. HOYT &d CO.


THE FLOIDA MIR1RO',:


FE BRUARYI


9, 1884.


Professional and Business Cards.

E. IESI.ROY JONES. :-i.D.,

HOMEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN and SURGEON,
Fourth St., etw.e'. C( ltr an1i Alachua,
F I ,N I.NIA, t.LA.

,i'il .icin i'irnisiK;c \\it inl[ extra ciu)argLe.
u ) ili in ;l .l :- :i i ll 'l I. H I
.,: 7 to S. 2 *I '. '


GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS.


A Western View of Eastern Tourists. The Self-Helpful Young Woman.
The men wear black caps pulled down There came down on a northern train
over their heads till the bands touch the other day a girl whose case has a
their shirt collars, and dusters so long as good deal of interest to all of ius be-
to almost sweep the ground, and which cause it is typical. Bright and pretty,
are creased and limp as if they had been well educated and well 1red, she came
used to sweep the car floor. One man from a Vermont village to work in a
tourist always looks like every other "Massachusetts factory, and her frank
man tourist. His costume is a disguise, talk to a traveling companion furnished
just as his manners, talk and way of abundant food for reflection. "I have
living on a tour give him an identity to take care of myself," she said, "and
different from that which belongs to in the place I lived there was absolutely
him at home. But if the men are com- nothing for girls like me to do except
monplace and uninteresting, it may be teaching and sewing; circumstan: es
said of women tourists that they look prevented my teaching, even if I could
dowdyish. They wear on their heads get a school at the small pay, and wilh
shapeless "walking" hats of a style the needle I can barely keep body and
fashionable some years iago, adorned soul together. So I come here; what
with dull-hued artificial flowers, which else can I do? If I go to a large city
have been mashed I:at while the owners and have the good luck to find employ-
have been lol,ing against the backs of ment at all it must almost certa nly be
car seats or on convenient shoulders. at very low wages. and that would
The woman tourist who picks her way mean a cheap boarding--house, cheap
in slippers from the car to the dining- society, and a 1 fe hardly worth having.
hall, or who clumps along in her hus- I am everywhere at a disadvantage be-
band's rubbers, also wears a duster. It cause I am a woman; it sometimes
is "mussed" into a thousand lumps and seems to me that women are a superflu-
folds, and has streaks of dust and cin- ity in the world altogether. Yes, I
ders on it running in every direction. know that women who take care of
There are two characteristics aside themselves are not infrequently happier
from slovenliness which mark tfie than those who are married, but the
woman tourist. The first is that her taking care is a hard ,iob, and it ought
face is utterly devoid of complexion, to be eai; er. I don't like to go into a
and the second that, instead of speak- mill and do little stupid work all day
ing, she always squeaks. long, and I hope in time to find some-
When a mob of touris's have assault- thing better, but if I were a man I
ed the dining-room they take possession could find something now. There is a
of it. There is no cne in the dining- great wrong; I won't pretend to say
room to be considered except those what or where it is, but it is some-
of their party. And how w 11 they all where." And so she went on, not in
know each other! Such familiarity as lamentation or des;:ond ngly, but in
prevails among them, one would think, deep indignation because she was de-
could only be the result of living for nied an equal chance in the struggle
years as members of the same house- for bread and butter.
hold. But they have ; een acquainted, It was the old story. Every one with
in most cases, no longer than it takes an an acquaintance among women of the
express train to run to Cheyenne from the class indicated who earn their own
wilds of Jersey or Egyptian Illinois. In living-and New England is full of them
the dining-room they clatter the dishes, -has heard it in one shape or another
"hist" anl the waitress, rattle knives time and again: the supply of the better
and forks, srape chairs noisily on the class of female heads and hands is greatly
flo:;r, talk from one table to an other, a in excess of any demand, and so the
dozen at a time and make a bedlam of girl on the train was able to find a fac-
it beautifully. The meal over, they tory employing dozens of others like
walk up and down the station-platform herself in simple manual labor, and her
in couples or fours, or, selecting a "'na- case is not unlike thousands of others.
tive," a knot of them will set to work Itis useless to say that these women
pumping him. Then their wit and ought to become servants, for they can
knowledge crop out. They kn-mw they not and will not; they will not because
are west of the Missouri River and that of the social aspect of the case, and can
they have passed many shanty towns not because they are Yankees-there
along the Union Pacific. Therefore, may be good "hired men" and "hired
they are on the frontier-in the West- girls" here, but no genuine New En-
ern wilds-and they proceed to show glander ever made a good servant, and
that theyhave left their civilizationbe- it is the servant that is demanded. The
hind them. It was too thin to wear old hired help has disappeared. Of
this journey through. When they talk course there are exceptions to the gen-
with one of the benighted here whose eral rule; many women can be found
experience away from home has not, with pract'cn'ly the same work and
perchance,been limited to a single trip, pay given to men of the same mental
they sin era igrle aincasknd .whast -_and.phlysiosleapa mty, amnd-there are in-
er this town's name is really Siam or dividual women enough who succeed
Shanghai or Shy Ann, and whether better than individuals of the other sex
there is really any town back of the who are their equals; but the rule re-
Phoenix Block, the Inter Ocean Hotel mains. The actual difference will be
and the opera house? Thev have heard realized by remembering that the edu-
all about the cattle business. Where cated man without a family who merely
do the ranches begin? Where do the gets a living is thought to be doing
cowboys keep themselvesO Where are nothing, while the woman who gains
all the Indians? Are' there buffaloes the same is reckoned doing well. The
near town? What State is Cheyenne causes of the trouble are complex
in? Is there such a Territory as Wyo- enough-custom, prejudice, social pro-
ming? Do the people here ever 2oo East? prieties and other good reasons, and
What is the population? Were there what not-- and the remedy can not be
never any trees here? Is it always as named off-hand, nor will it come in a
hot, or as cold. or as wet, or as dry as moment. The best that can be said is
to-day? But the bell rings. there is a th ththe improvement actually made in
scramble for the car steps, the tourists the last generation promises well for
disappear into the doorways of the the future, and meantime it is a pity
sleeping cars. note books are soon in that tiiose who are the real sufferers do
hand, and many interesting data con not hftener make their complaints heard.
cerning prairie dogs, antelopes, owls, -Springfield(Al'as.,.) Republican.
rattlesnakes, the profits of stock raising *
and the "high altitude" of the region is Fraud by Telephone.
entered with the purpose of instructing It is interesting to note the way in
and astonishing, when the journeys which the progress of fraud keeps pace
lover, the sty-at-home greenies back in with that of science. It seems clear
"'Filadelfv. --CheyenneWy.T.) Leader. that forgery, which, indeed, has long
ago reached its limit as a fine art, will
Cured His Hump. gradually pass out of fashion as modern
business cones to be more and more
A day or two ago. as the passengers conducted through the telephone instead
were leaving one of the ferry boats, a of by the post or the telegraph wire.
gentleman who stood beside a customs To a barrister's clerk at Birmingham
officer remarked: belongs the credit of being the first to
"When I see a poor fellow like that show how fraudulent ingenuity must
I am consoled for not being rich." adapt itself to the new conditions, and
"Who?" the robbery of his master through the


"Why, that man with the hum on telephone, for which he is now
Why, that man with the hump on "wanted," was a very clever perform-
his back. I had rather be poor all my ance. The golden r clever perform-
davs than be deformed and have mill- ance golden ru of art
ions of money y.e plicity, and nothing could be simpler
than to connect the telephone with a
"I can cure him in about five minutes friend of his employer; but to success-
-come and see," replied the officer, as fully imitate his master's voice in ask-
he walked towards theunfortunate and ing for the loan of somemoney and add-
invited him to pass up stairs. There was ing that the clerk should be sent to
a kick, but he had to go, and three or fetch it was a more difficult business.
four minutes' time sufficed to remove The subsequent forgery of a telegram
his deformity, which consisted of twen- to call the barrister into the country
ty-two yards of flannel and six pairs of was comparatively easy, for the clerk
socks, was a, past master in the art, having al-
"Purty smart!" growled the smug- ready undergone a term of imprison-
gler, as he was allowed to go. ment for filling up another master's
"Not so very," was the reply; *a checks. Clearly ventriloquism must be
man who carries a hump on his back iddrd to the list of "technical" sub-
should carry a stiff neck. "You didn't." jects which have a "commercial" value.
-.Detroit Free Press. -Pall-Mall Gazette.


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WIT. B. C. IJWRYEE,
f"- ENERAL CO",rD .... EK;ri ANr'<
CENTRE ST., NEAR li. R. DEPOrT,


_i SHIP STORES,-'


Furniture,

Stoves,


Crockery,

Hardware,


I'ERNANDINA,


Ft ..',.


Pain


ilay, "[orna, ?a:ts


WV. K. BAURNIGHT.
AGENT,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
UTCHER AND STOCK DEALER,
AND
0Ei-;aE.r i"K fee
TENNESSEE BEEF A SPECIALTY,
BROOM STREET \VHlARF,


Willcowlwa


i


tl-tf*


FERNANDINA, FLA.


LOUIS A. C. L.,NGE,
SII OLST E RE ,
ISADD LE AND'U Iv.NESS-MAKE .
Foot of Centre Street,


FILURIDA.


HIIE .MOST SUCCESSFUL IEEI3EDY
ever discovered, as it is certain in its
effects antd tdoes not blister. READ PROOF
BELOW.

Saved Him $1,800.00.
ADAMS, N. Y., January 30, 1882.
Dr. B. J *Kendall & Co.:
GENTS-Havii used a ,good deal of your
Kendill's Spavin Cure with great success. I
thought I would let you know what it has
done lor me. Two years ago I liad as speedy
;Ia (cit as \ways ever rai*'Ied ill Jc'erson comnity.
WI,hen I[ way b>;rekiiiu, lhim Le kicked over
the cro:l'ss-balr a11(d (ot li, ;ai[l.i tore c e oi Iia
liind legs all to pieces. im!ployed the best
farriers, but they ail saii lie was spoiled.
He liad a very large thiorough-pin, and I
used two bottles ol "otr Keedall's Spavin
--(ii-i--,-au< tit k-th '.buicl entireiy-ofY,-a-nd
e sold afterwards for O (dollars).I have
used it for hone spavins an-d wind-galls, and
it has always cured completely and left the
leg smooth.
It is a splendid medicine for rheumatism.
I have recommended it to a good many, and
they all say it does the work. I was in With-
erington & Kneeland's drug store, in Adams,
the other day, and saw a very fine picture
you sent thcm. I tried to not; they said if I would write to you that
you would send me one. I wishl you would,
and I will do you all the good I can.
Very respectfully, E. S. LYMAN.


Kendall's Spavin Cure.
ON HUMAN FLESH.
\VEVAY, IND., August 12, 1881.
Dr. B. J. Kendall & Co.:
GENTs-Samlde of circulars received to-
day. Please send me some with my imprint,
printed 1oni one side only. The Kendall's
Spavin Cure is in excellent demand with us,
and not only for animals, but for human
ailments also. Mr. Jos. Voris, one of the
leading farmers in our county, sprained an
ankle badly, and knowing the value of the
remedy for horses, tried it on himself, and it
did far better than he had expected; cured
the sprain in very short order.
Yours respectfully, C. 0. THIEBAND.
Price $1 per bottle, or 6 bottles for $5. All
druggists have it or can get it for you, or it
will be sent to any address on receipt of
price by the Proprietors, DR. B. J. KEN-
DALL & CO.. Enosburgh Falls, Vt.
Send for Illustrated Circular.
Sold by all Druggists.


UST RECEIVED THIS
| week, a new loq of

Chamber Suits,
Parlor Suits,
Tables, Lounges,
Rockers, Chairs,
Wardrobes,


A .


B. NOYES,.
(Successor to W. A. SANBORN),


Wholesale and Retail Dealer in

GROCERIES, PROVISIONS, SHIP STORES,
CHOICE WrNES AND LIQUORS, HAY, GRAIN,
Corner of Second and Centre Streets, near
Steamboat Landing,
FERNANDINA, FLORIDA.
Owner and Agent for Schooner Silas C.
Evans. Sp-lrci.l rates for Merchandise in
large quan ti ties.
Agent for Hazard Manufacturing Compa-
IVny's CHAMPION BARBED WIRE-the
best in the world.
Aent for B.. F. AVERY'S CELEBRATED
PLO WS.
Local 'Agent for BANK OF JACKSON-
VILLE. 33


ATENTS obtained for new inventions
or for improvements in old
ones. Caveats, Infringements, Trade-Marks
and all patent business promptly attended
to. INVENTIONS THAT HAVE BEEN
REJECTED may still, in most cases, be pat-
ented by us. Being opposite the U. S. Pat-
ent Office, and engaged in .PATENT BUSI-
NESS EXCLUSIVELY, we can secure pat-
ents in less time than those who are remote
from Washington.
When Inventors send model or sketch,
we make search in the Patent Office, and
advise as to its patentability free of charge
Correspondence confidential; fees reason-
able; and NO CHARGE UNLESS PAT-
ENT IS OBTAINED.
We refer by permission to the City Post-
master, and to the Superintendent of the
Post-Office Money Order Division in Wash-
ington. For special references, circular, ser-
vice, terms, etc., address
C. A. SNOW & CO.,
Opp.Patent Office. Washington, D.C.2t


Valuable 0 range Lands for Sale
Tracts containing twenty acres each of
choice, high hammock land on Orange Lake
suitable for orange growing and truck farm-
ing, are now offered for sale. These lands
are very conveniently situated for transpor-
tation, by water or rail, and will be sold on
terms to suit purchasers. Titles are unques-
tionable. Also valuable timber lands in
large bodies. G. R. FAIRBANKS,
February 16, 1882. Fernandina, Fla.
Sauer-Kraut,
10 cts. a pound AT J. KLARER'S,
+ Corner Ash and Sixth.


Messrs. Colby & Rich
Wish to announce that they are now pre-
pared to do Copying and Enlarging, at their
Tent Gallery, on Centre street. Old Tin-
Types or Pictures of any kind copied and
enlarged lo any desired size.
Amelia Beach.
THE IDLE HOUR is again open, under the
supervision of Mrs. Sweeney, who will be
pleased to receive her old friends and the
public generally. Choicest oysters, fish, etc.,
constantly on hand. tf.


MiWHOLAL AND R TAIL,







A. B. NOYES,

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