The East Floridian
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00054486/00007
 Material Information
Title: The East Floridian
Uniform Title: East Floridian (Fernandina, Fla.)
Alternate title: Weekly East Floridian
Physical Description: v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 63 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Wm. H. Babcock
Place of Publication: Fernandina Fla
Creation Date: April 26, 1860
Publication Date: 1859-
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Fernandina (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Nassau County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Nassau -- Fernandina Beach
Coordinates: 30.669444 x -81.461667 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 26, 1859)-
General Note: "Democratic" 1860.
General Note: "Confederate" <1861>.
General Note: Editor: T.J. Wombwell, <May 29, 1861>.
General Note: Publishers: Wm. H. Babcock, 1859-<Mar. 13>, 1861; E.A. Papy, <May 29>, 1861- .
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002057494
oclc - 02702036
notis - AKP5520
lccn - sn 83016245
System ID: UF00054486:00007
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily East Floridian
Preceded by: Florida news (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1852)

Full Text


+ V -. .. ..,- r .. *

^ 0'o-Morrow,

; 'Did we bUut41now what lies beyond,
K' Thit varid, shadowy path we tread,
How olton would our sBuls despo'd,
Ottr ey the tearA of sorrow shed ?
But God, who knows what's besc to do,
Who sees us from nhisiarry throne,
Has wisell hidden from our view'
That which had best remain unknown.

We walk to-day in 'consciodis pride;
And hang-the flag of hope on high ;
But ah rto-morrow by our side

Some friend may lay him dpwn and die :
Some early flower that won our praise,
Some altar where we laid our trust
Such flower, ere dies the evening rays,
May trampled be and laid in dust.




thirty to sixty minutes pet, day, and Pre s
believe that every other ditty is to be pre- "Occasional
ferred to daily practice. Washington t
Bearing in mind the unimber of mus- describes a dil
cles, I aim to bring each of them into ac- follows :
tion, and.have constantly fbllowe'd the The hour i
rule never to weary myself at any kind of o'clock, p. m.,
exercise. When I begin to feel weary I taking their st
cease exercising. about the siz
Much has been said of the importance and if you ar,
of diet to bodily strength. Let it be the dimensions
borne in mind that, with renewed physi- generally reads
cal strength, there is an increased appetite, "The Presi(
and any wholesome food will be healthy your company
to a sound body. I cannot close without 6, at six oyclo
referring to a matter whilh pei'plexes is requested."
inany young men in gymnastics. They I you go t
are afraid of their dainty little hands- expected to d
afraid of manly exercise. [Applause]. and to wear wl
Until the Chinese practice of dwarfina duced into tl
hands had feet is adopted ii) America where yon, find
I cannot believe that diiniutivw member.c jrm]s. Judge R
will bttalk n as guarantees of either hlilij an th res
or bluM l. [Gheat applause]'. being duly p,'
One-half the complaints which ."lll'ct' the ar,'ival of
women arise from too much in-door labor. secretary, Mr.
Give our American youth power, and the forns yu tthe
wold's best prizes are within their grasp. dinner such a
Happiness does-hot conist in display or duces to you, r
political tilIinl)lh. Success in life is'suc- pany is preset
cess 'i n living. O ld D an B oone succeeded whl is tres
beIter in life than a hundred of the fussy fest. The hot
politicians who figure in telegraphic des-
in C>patty move intu
patches aid newspapers. [Applause]. Jf where they an
young men wduld be happy let them adopt display of plat
manual employi(aits--become tillers of nunirbe. of grace
-.fi an .l lzrleulturistsh goves. whose
114111'An c'lcurse-we to the guests
meat.' our brow. hssa a
't h : -i t fine classic o il the 6sri't- ex
ex iractL ptiro thu u..t-rhr titl health, and a tn s i
[,r,.ct.dl,. 0 to l -A'-'%.i .- T,,lartment to your name bel
prepare for the muscular lfals. laidupon the
BI a short, time lie emerged upon thlre to,^wi;,a
platform, with bare arms and without col- ,. T cool
lao or coat. The volume of 1nnscie which gylins, T hecoo
swelled and trLmbled in his lull arm was you will soon
powerful. lie proceeded to mount tleihearing the '"gr
platform which we have described, to lift, c" b inforn
according to promise, the 1,000 pounds. o t me.-
There were nine kegs of nails already sus- wold I h
pended, which, with the rope and chains. t li a va
weighed 086 pounds. Thechain which held de a a I
these passed through the platformh and was
n ~of the jilice of
secured above. Through the protruding s, r
link Dr. Winship placed a stout stick, and the repast goes
having firmly thrust lis feet-against the ,
0 0 the other.-of t
stout beams, gl.-ap,_-, i 6 stick at both
ends -and lifted. His chest quivered and copients t e
the m in -I,., gathered in Wis arm T he ta wine w
the President t
A lit 1..ufl,-i below creaked for a- insta t, wait tu be ,

gid then l,,.tiy1rose ul,,ut four inll -'
"J "c :, thiS d-.. 1..
+ .ours, at, a lv
raking 1,03 pounds, wAh.hich was :also h tg
raybed a!AIt t,,,4nches. The "strongest te o m r
man in Amruec ," descended front his perch r w t
+ and liquers, or
amid prolonged applause.brandy, after"W
All eyes were now impatient to behold b afe^
the mighty dumb bell weighing 180 pounds a g h
managed. Dr. Winship grasped it with tisyuhv
both hands and lifted it until he stood dinners arc dull
w have known th
upright. Ile'then slowly and with diffi-
0 ,the must genial
culty brought it to his shoulder and M
essayed with one hand to lift it aloft. The D]ickel]'g PS
great veins in his temples quivered, and ].ir i.
his throat trembled. Slowly the copper
bell ascended, but suddenly slipped and Dickens give.'
safnk to the floor. Striding aerpss the of the great L(
stage and securing temporary draught and upon a windy
rest: he returned to his unaccomplished It .broke ou
feat. Thfis time it was successful. Lonldon Bridg
The dumb bell was lifted fairl'y above monument now
his head. and held on high for about fifty of those ragin
s'ecoftds. Loud applause hailed the perr- spread: and but
forinance. '_
Barrel of flour which haed been pro- The night s'a
vided was next brought into play. It iu the day l11
weighed, 217 p'ountas. 'The Doctor grasped cloud of smok,
it in hts arms,.rolled it to his thigh, a~ld*1there was. a gr
finally rested it on his-shoulder, when he up into the sk
strutted across the platform atrd carefully country landses
replaced it on the floor. The tafit feat Showers of h
was swinging himself by his little finger, and fell oft dis
This he dtd equally well with preceding areteco
feats, and afterwards lifted himself about ees, and kindle(
three feet, three successive thme, with the alt a timle. chul

second finger of his ldft hand, after which tremendous era
he made two bows and retired. [Tremen- cinders by the I
dous applause.I_ The summer
dri y, thte street
Marriage of Near Relatives. tde houses m,
The Ohio Legislature has been passing Jlaster.
some lawp on this subject, and if one-half Nothing codl
is true that has been affirmed in regard -re. bit the want ol
the effect of cousins intermairying, 'it "dPnf i stop unt
would seem as if it were the duty of Tower to Temr
parents and guardians-to interfere, and posed of the a
even of all Legislat'-cs to do what can houses and 4egi
well be done to prevent so injurious a This was a
custom. It is said that in Massachusetts, time and occasi
out of seventeen families formed by the ing to the tw(
marriage of cousins, there were ninety-five out people, wh,
children ; and in Ohio,,in 873 such families, fields under I
there were 3,900'children. It would' thus haftily made I
seem that the average6 number of children while the lance
is not diminished by such intermarriages, impassable by
the Massachusetts statistics giving five ken down as tl!
and-a-half children to each such marriage., But the fire
But of these ninety-five children fort- city afterwards
four were idiots, twelve scrofulous, and very mue'h im
only thirty-seven in tolerable health! larly, more m
while in Ohio 2,490 out of 3,900 were therefore much
either intellectually or physically defec- Present Con
tive. In all families some of the children row limits thai
will be more or less defective, and were territory over
records made, the proportion of perfectly Pope may hold
healthy children would be found smaller w a spiritt
than most imagine. But forty-four idiots ductive of any
out of ninety-five children, is a piopor,- Ci, t Oiy, although
if true, sufficient to startle any one, ar ,,4 merc'al Metro
to demand some vigorous remedy. .The merce to sustf
,records and inquiries of insane and idiotic population. 'I
asylums might throw great further liiht most en'tirrly
upon the subject. In one case of double porari!y % i'4t I
cousins,.nine child-ren-all there were= the sale, of fr
were. idiots of low grade. Enough, the1, relics and curi,
may be demonstrated to make all sensible Tiber, upon wl
cousins abstain from marrying. Families, of Egypt and
like the opening leaves of a flower, are up that only
formed not to grow" together, but apart, can. navigate ii
Friends and guardians, aud, all who hav, e which was onI
the confidence bf the young ; ministers become reduce
and medical attendats, should bear that ditiou. The F
tac.(hn mind, aud exert the full measure of soldiers, 2,000
+h-- : ;"toll1:anr. r .una iflaIm.njoA rt iimvnt. n off r1IfIlRcmel


ROUX & Col.)
Receiving and Forivardii; A, iw
PECIAL attention given to the sate of GOT
LW-Cottou and other Mercn'adid*, forwarded
with caro and dispatch.
July 7 7

Grhn, Flour, Bacon, Liquors and
Groceries, Generally;
TERMSi .................................... CASH.
References --J. A. Butckmyer, CharlestoL
S. C. ; E. H. Rogers A Co., do.; Lanneau, Smitea
& Whilden, do.; R. Q. Pinckney, Jr., do. ; W.M
Tunno, do.; Jeffords & Co., do.
.Aug.,18 13 ly

SPECIAL "n.mo,t.u) given t" KECEVIN,"
nnd FIOr W A rnIG, and Sale (4..COTTON"
and oth.er Pi. duod u: .
Dolner Potter & C,:,I.... New York.
'Richard I. .'er. ...... do.
E. Robbins-and LBra-.lley, do
John Fraser & Co,... ,,Charlestomi $8 .,
D. L. Mce ay,.......* 46. ,
Gilliland, Howell & Co., do.,
Felix Livingston,.-, Fcrnminina.Fla
A. H. Co e,....... ". *.. d,,.
G5o. W Call,.........: do. "
M. S. Perry,.......... ;. Micanopy, .Ffit.
Fernaridina, Flam., April 7,. 1658-ly

_ ~a ~lr~eP~e~~



. f

Eimajiufhi Alientin a MIe.

idential Mi-ner,
I," in his last letter from
o the Philadelphia Press,
nier at the AWhite House as

is generally 'fixed at six
the time whet millions are
upper. You receive a card
o of an ordinary placard,
e invited by the President
of the card are double, and
as follows :*
lent requests tlie honor of
to dinner on Friday, April
ck, p. in. An early answer

o the President's you are
ress in your best clothes,
whitee gloves. You are intro.
he small reception room,
ithe President, Miss Lane,
'oosovelt. James Buchanan,
t of the household, After
estnted to them, you wait
other guests. The private
Buchanan. jr., quietly in-
t you are to escort to thle
lady,, whom he now intro-
and the lady in your corn-
deal to._another gentleman,
her companion during the
iur having arrived, the com-
e the large drawing room,
e dazzled by the gorgeous
e and gaslight, and see a
;eful waiters, also in white
business it is to attend to
S. The President takes
the head of the table, but
eacily iniid'ay, Miss Lane
s vis-a-vis. You filld
uil'ifully written on a card
plate, before the seat you
and the eicertaiinmet' be-
i).ing is generally French
iues costly and rare; and
have an opportunity of
[at man"' talk. You neud
ied that Mr. Buchanai, is
st delightful diners in the
s a fund of small talk- for
iety of olil-fashioned LuL...'-
Ie is by no means sparing
the gtape, lie grows more
ble, and mnore agrecable as
on, calling out one after
the compnay, and paying
o the ladies, occasionally
ith them. You never ask
o take wine wILji you, but
T, I by him. -' :.. remain-
;t-'i ,,t _s.. a .b!" several-
, S]g'nn !i t,..',I: PCIL si, ent
Se, returnito 'tl'e reception
icy are serveei with coffee
r, if they prefer it, with
hich you take your leave,
o remember the hospitali-
enjoyed. Some of these
I and stately enough, but I
cm to be as delighitfuil as
could desire.

scription of the Great
a Loadun in 1666.
s the following description
ondon fire, which occurred
night, September 3d, 1666 :
ut at a baker's shop, near
on the spot on which the
stands as a remembrance
g flames. It spread and
rned and burned, for three

Orere lighter than the days ;
me there was an immense
e, and in the night time
eat tower of fire mounting
y, which .lighted the whole
ape for ten miles round.
>ot ashes rose into the air
tant places ; flying sparks
}flagfatipn to great distan-
d it inlto twenty new spots
reh steeples fell down with
shes ; houses crumbled into
hundreds and the thousand.
iad been intensely hot and
s were very narrow,-and
ostfy :built of wood and

d stop the tremendous fire
f more houses to burn ; nor
til the whole way from the
ile Bar was a desert, com-'
.shes of thirteen thousand
hty-nine churchies.
terrible visitation at the
toned groat loss and suffer-
o hundred thousand burnt

o were obliged to lie in the
the opeYn night sky, or in
huts of mud1 and straw.
es .and roads were rendered
carts which had bcnri bro-
hey tried to save their goods
was a great blessing to the
s, for it arose from its 'ruins
aproved-built more .regu'-
widely, more cleanly, and
h more healhhily.
edition of Rome.-The nar-
tt have been set aside as tie
which his Holinessatthe
d his temporal and civil, as
ual sway, is the least pro-
part of Italy. The Eternal
h situated for a great corn-
polis. has not enough corn-
1a11 a hundredth part of its
'he inhabitants depend a]-
on the foreigners who tem-
them fbr'the rent of rooms.
uits and flowers, of sacred
osities, as subsistence. The
which once floated the ships
Southern Europe, is so filled
: small flat-bottomed boats
t, and the great Campagna,
ce the vnoeyard of Italy, has-
ed to an almost barren con-
V>ope's army consists of 8,000
dragoons stationed at Rome,
M and 4.000) Austrian and

I The Bird T"crai fN-pNew York, Phleniomenon at iea,
'"Iarmony" write: o mthe Mobile Reg- Capt. Robert A. S. Pittman, of the ship
ister:- James Gulthrie, has published the follow-
Early this m,w.rtwx, started out to pro ing interesting extract. giving the particu-
cure a pair of hlit;:! n,een, parroquets. It jars of an immense water-spout which he
found them scarce an Ihigh priced. For saw on his outward passage. His journal
a pair scarcely larger~han Jav sparrows, says :
$8 was asked. I listed five large bird "September 1, 1859, lat. 40 31, long,
stores devoted to n.',,F..ielse. Each co1- 59 34 W., at 2 P. M., took strong breese
tained thousands 0 ianary birds. Each from the siouth-east, which put us under
bird has its ow ,-'O. ne bird store double- reefed topsails, with the mercurial
had at least 250'- lil anary birds, e'6ih |column at 30. 1: at 5 P, M. it ran down to
in its own little '.v.*.lr- would seem "m- 029. 5; the winq increasing close reefed, and
possible to give ze. %ater to each furled all light sails and courses. Observ-
tcnement and its i Y'.,," yet i, is done, ad in the southwest a dark. cumbrous
not precisely in the ^ay that -one thous- looking cloud, which approached the ship
amt locks in the St:,,. prison are turned, with amazing rapidity, while the wind
and onne thousand h1,, s hut at the same continued to increase, wearing to the op.-
moment. The ca, -..,, tied together, and polite quarter. When the cloud was
an adroit bird feede. ,vii put seed in the within about three miles of the ship the
box of each cage, and wter in the jar very wind suddenly fell to a dead calm, and the
speedily. Ile wiil1.ed 1,000 birds an phenomenon presented a terrific appear
11 o 177ance. The cloud now assumed the form
-TI'ese Canary hire upsb n
y s r suppose, by un- of an inverted cone, and gradually deseen-
sophisticatedz l t have come from ded towards the sea, which also formed
in Germany via itself into a lofty peak, until the two
tHa.re, France, oro.al the R,ilhWn points nmet, completing a water.-spout of
terdai. I, howevera, a Te,- -,.,fn gigantic dimensions.
that the millions arc ,eared -on the Chanm- Around the mountain of water a whrl.
p,1:'1h- Districts of .=-._... .;,.,O,. A good wind immediately commenced, tearing and
singer retails at $4; the wholesale price is scattering the sea in every direction, de-
2i.5'P. But they rt`it be males and sing- aching and carrying in its course large
ers. Females are It s.t 1 each. Java asses of clouds. The appearance was
sparrows, parrots, if.cking birds, robin like a vast horizontal wheel turning around
red-breasts and rif .- make up the this mountain of water, with the spout
main stock of the I "-- .:'es. Yo can- for its centre, with an amazing velocity ;
not get cagoe. ti Olt
nat- f same places where the and, as the sky near the horizon was per-,
birds are sold. -T ,.; a nice cage you vis- fectly clear, the revolutions of this won-
it j- I,. Uul-r cage ~.4, ewheie you can dcrful w-ind'and water-wheel wero distinct
proyUie a vast assorti.tent. ly visible, making its revolutions complete
* Java Sparrows se'lKt $1 each. A boy in twenty-six seconds, and with a regular-
--proprietor now ofe uf the bird stores ity and precision that were truly aston-
I visited this 11101 n.ir.. and worth $50,000 ishng. This continued for about twenty
commenced his care, peddling a pair of minutes, during which time the connection
Canaries. ._ of the clouds with the sea was several
The bird merchant, take orders for any times broken off, without reducing the al
kind of bird men.i..;,ed by Audubon.- titnde of the sea mountain, but inimedi-
They~will send to tife Phillipine Islands ately became reunited, until finally it ter-'
for Bird-s of Paradi Charleston for a minated with a splash, agitating the ship
Turkey Buzzard, or t(, !linois for a White and passing over her, ending in torrents
crow. s. of rain. Very soon the sky became beau-
The variety of Pal "_i in the bird stores, tifully clear, the wind zst in fresh -from
is remarkable. Tihery is the Macaw,th the Southwest, and all nature seemed re-
White Parrot, tha i<.v and Green. -Thei joiced at the destruction of so formidable
latter are the only spiecies that arrive at,'- a machine."
any perfection as lin' _isti. The price is j'-,-
from $9 to 15 for V\1; Green. I kfti" The Tclescope and Microsecpe,
the last bird store wt ..a Canary, that -, s o ^ e u o s
my little one has chmustened Frank. So ,,,, n testr, th microscope un
"-; ." ;'1,.n i eer y "star, t "crsc pe, un-
mnuch for birds,. +. l-
S= i folds to us a world in every atom. The
P ... .. ;ii-,- r i z '- '-i. ti 'li ..;i-y + -

There is no ,,et t n.,l C'IPt'U %y :ilabhlli 'I e, e- .untries, is but a grain of sind i thlie
ed in the physiology iV mart than thl ,IIz-- I, field of immensity,; the other, that.
that the brain expen,,s& its.energies and every atom may harbor the tribes and
itself during the hours: of wakefulness, and- families of a busy population, The one
that tlfese are re,uperfated during sleep ; if. shows us the insignificance of the world
the recuperation doesgnot equal the ex- we inhabit; the other redeems it from all
penditure, the brain vithers-this is in 4 its insignificance, for it tells us that in the
sanity. Thms it is fitht. in.,early English '.eaves of ever" for-est,'lih+'the'lowers of
history, persons who were condemned to every'garde-n, in the waters of ever 'rivul.
death by being prevented from sleeping et thetreoare worlds teeming with life, and
always died raving u4pniacs ; thus it is, numberless as are the stars- of the firma-
also, that those who ale starved to death ment. The one suggests to us that, above
become insane ; the brain is not nourished, and beyond all that is visible to man,
and they cannot sleep,2 The practical in- there may be regions of creation which
ferences are these: First, those who sweep immeasurably along, and carry the
think most, who d4 most brainwork, impress of the Almighty's hand to the re-
require must sleep; 'Second, that time motest scenes of the universe; the other.
saved frotm necessary. sleep, is infallibly that within and beneath all thatminuteness
destructive to mind, blody, and estate.- which the unaided eye of man is able to
Third, give yourself, your children, your explore, there may be a world of invisible
servants-give all that are under you the beings ; and that; could we draw aside the
fullest nniunt of sleep-ithey will take, by mysterious vail which shrouds it from our
compelling them to g~o to bed at some senses, we might behold a theater of as
regular early hour, awid to rise in the many wonders as astronomy can unfold-
morning the m.':,t they wake; and, a universe within the compass of a point,
within a fortnight, naltut', with ahnost so small as to elude all the .powers of the
the regularity of the r~isin'g sun, will un- microscope, but where the Almighty Rdl-
loose the lIonds of asleep the moment er of all things fiuds room for (he exercise
enough repose has beeun secured for the of his attributes, where h0 can raise nun-
wants of the system, |l This is the only ;.her mechanism of worlds, and fill and an-
safe and sufficient ru~le--and as to" the imate them all with evidences of his glory.
quegtton how much sle:p, any one requires, Dr. Chalmers.
each must be a rule for himsi-lf--gieat
Nature will never fail t+o write it out to ]Tie Dead.
the observer under t~e regulation just
There is perhaps no feeling of Ouir nra-
given.--Dr. Spicer. "+.. .... ....1,., .. _

From the Cornhill Magazine for April.


Here, where the tall plantation firs "
Slope to the river, down the hill,
Strange impulses-like vernal stirs-
Have made me wander at their will,

I see. with half attentive eyes,
The buds and flowers that mark the Spring.
And Natur'is myriad prophecies
Of what the Summer suns'will bring,

For every sense I find deltght-
The new-wed cushatis murmurous tones,
Young blossoms bursting into light,
Andd tho rich odor vf the cones. -

The larch, with tassels purple-pink,
.Whisperslike distant falling brooks;
And sun-forgotten dewdrops wink;
fkinid the g,+ess, in shady nooks. <,

' The breeze, that, hang. round every bush,
Steals sweetness from the tender shoots,
WNith, here and there, a perfumed gush .
From violets among the roots.

See-where behind the ivied rock
Grow drifts Of white anemones*'
As if the'Spring-in Winter's mock-
Were mimicking his snows with these.

Thb single bloom yon furzes bear
Gleams like the fieryVplanet Mars;
The r,!-anly primroses appear
In galaxies of vernal stars ;

And, grouped in Pleiad clusters round,
Kent-lillies-blpw--some six or seven ;
With blossom constellations crowned,
This quiet nook resembles Heaven.

Affecting Iniedent--Baptism of a
Dying Girt.
The Albany Express says : On Sunday
morning several young folks were baptized
at Rev. Dr. Magoon's church. The first
person baptised was a young girl, perhaps
sixteen years old, in the last stage of con-
sumption. She was literally in her grave
clothes, it being-understood that the white
..... .i which she was baptized was to be
worn :)V her when she was placed in her
coffin. .
o!. obtained her mother's pCren,,'_oi-i
to bec it, A f.rf thbn, acquainted tht.
pastor wAth her desire. She was brought
,,'Aj-J.'. i.E the arms of her uin.le,' at-I

si in ,-f tlef p.,t,:Ir, who gently im"nn,:r.-d
her head,]after repeating the usuaJ wutds.
The scene was very affecting-,clusing
some of t~he spectators to sob with emo-
tion. '
She wa'is so far gone that it was feared
she mig-M expire during the ceremony, yet
after it, ,was performed she expressed a
-wish to be brought to, the church in "t'le
afternoon, partook of the Lord's Supper,
which was granted. After the supper,
w-hen in another room, she sang the dox-
ology 'Praise God,' and when in her car-
riage, Dr. Magoon asked her how she felt,
she whispered, 'I have fought a good
fight.' e a n
Dresses that will not Burn.

Youth; dreams of many a glorious thing,
As oil lie hies In pleasure's track ;
ryutday some iew-born promise brings,
-- tuc'1ttirns no ciq of sorrow back;

hid+., unr' oo,
| ms flo try fields are all before,
His W, o.n soeno bright star are set ;
eif, is to hh sunny shore,
041l1 learn it h ts shadows yet.

-Toi-miorro W In i~ts sccrt f; ad 4
I. littllekow what is fnr .o ;
I may be with my fathers la6id,
Or wrecked on dire misfor une's sea;
But far beyond life's boundary'ites
Tho everlasting army bright ;,.
-And He ahne who take: orgives, .
Can guit4 my Wande ing feet aright.'-
.... -, ADgel of the House.-

vjjiaid that ever round our path
The unseen angelsI stray,
That give us lissful dreams by night,
< And guard our asep. by davy.
But there's an angel in th-: hlousei
-^ Meek, watchful and sincere,
That whispers wur (if ho1jpe to us I '
"''*'When none blitsf-re nuar ; .
..It i 1 tla ne, ithe chosen ,If,
Tlihat lX ked 1d, us fiur life,
The angel or Ihle lhal,!,y ionmw,
The fAilliu;, itrusin- wife.

'Tie said thal angels walk tte earti'--
I'm sure it minutt be so-
%Then round our path, scarce seen by us,
Such bri'Sglt things come and go.
Are theie not beings by our side,
'As fair as angels are ?
As pure, as stainless as the forms
L That dwell beyornd-the stars?.
Yes There are atngels of the earth,
l Pure, ihlnucent. aiud Wild.
,I11t tn igels of o(i hearts and luH1105,
"k Each i ve.d anduloving ild. -

Factors and General Commission, Merchant.,
Charleston, 9. C.
.W, M LAVO_, R. WAINWRIaw'oito',)
.Cotton, II'des, &P., wi!I be re-evcInn.',f
warded by tbhd;d'erent, Forwardling Housea
Fernandina pn,'l .Jj. L.-.aville.
Sept. 15, 1859 17 ly
C 0>. BEIA NAIID........ .............. H. C BUI.. l

1).EAI.ErSR c IN ~ ~ g
H .Ai D Vi A fkE ANI) 0

r '-4w Mill.P
June ,' It :,.9 4 8

The &trug Man. ,
? .A ~Dr. \yV ntship, whu60el'ta'a S -f 6rengh,das
rda' in the newspapfr.reevntly de.
--- ^l.JS i r P0"N -f?" Klfl(t4 1
hli, attelnthed lv exhibitih ii whichh pruduc,.',l iiu'h SLmpuse.
rotpiri was crowded t., hear hirm lee-
ure ,anrl witness Ills achievements. The
reporter ol. tie Philadelpihia Inquirer

the crowd amhused themselves, prior to
^.f )r. Winship's appearance, wilih examining
S" the tchin 'ry l"niii the platf,,rmi and
gpecul.ting uip., lle usos to which it
would be put, The immense '"dumb-bells" C
were regarded with astonishment akin to
awe. Of these there wri'e three, one of 9
which wvr about two feet long afnd"
weighedd one hundred and eighty pounds I
-the other two constit Uted at pir, weighing E
*' one huidred pounds each. A11. were made
ot copper. On the left of the stage stood
it, platform, twehe feet high, suspended f
ftum Whichl, by Cout i..,e.-, were nine.
keg uf nails wvigliing one hundred and
on the platfuo to be used ii emergemny.
On the right was a pair of tt..-sgels, Joined
by a beam. F'bim -he tftir., hung a pair
of iron rings. . i ' i
This mystedous apparalui exacted un-
d 96 to wlhetlher,-ke Sampson, Dr. Winship
intended to Arry uff ihe gates of Gaza,
With rods of gy.mnastic trt-r3sl Alter someseneral remarks on PhysicalI
Ade 4l.on he_ proceeded as follows ;
ILam liemr. to exhibit an illustrated ac.
bovnt of ,P.Y own bodily training, the ef-
atoo" of a y'tcm of regular exercise Hapooti
"* mne biatlh. Muscular strength isggen6-
rally attthuted to heiehoary power. In
b fay own cage this cannot be alleged. I
have no antecedents of more thrn average
Bireilglh, and attribute usy development
chiefly LU gymnastic exercise. From my
seventeenth year I have devoted portions
-of every day to gymnastics, and for the
labt four yeafr have undergone thorouh
gymnastic courses of+ training. I have
found the 'institution of Hildebrand &
-L.ewis, in this city, one of the best acade-
mles' in 'America. I- commenced some
time Ugo Ito test my powers of lifting and
g*usuaining. Although a professed gym-
ost, I could only raise between four and
.4tv' hunlred pounds, which to me was
vi-dletci of great deficiency in physical
ttrength. In a half year I could lift 700
pounds-then 800; last autumn I lifted
105g pounds. and a week ago 1203 pounds.
(Applause). In two years I expect to lift
1600 pounds. (Great applause).
I adviie all young men not to begin
hiftingy with the hand greater weighs than
a14 hundred pounds. (Laughter).
If I spoke much lunger under this chan-
delier, I should be knocked dow% by
carbonic soid. (Applause).
Sir David Brev&ster asserts that the
iuwer extreitnics in an upright position
are capable -Of sustaining 5,00( pounds,
There are many feats wonderful to appear-
ance whigh,'derive their effect' only from
dexterity afid wbei closely inestigated,
proved to k)e impoLoalon.' Such are the
f"aa of so .0aled magic. We hear much
c' of the bad' policy o( using heavy dumb-
bells. To-'my miud a barrel of flour is
t6 be4, instrument to' practice with.
tLughpr and applause. 1 regard. those
Wf*hi oeloim to determinedly the advan-
-_ .. r lit hedll MB seekal.incr In hide thb ,ir

ROBELHT 1.11 IN. ........ CHAS, 8. HA-RD @ D ;
Factors and Commission Merchant, -.+

N. A. HaIrdee & Co., Savanuaa Ga.
R. A. Allen, "
A, A. Sm-etsi + '
Col.A.S. JoneA, ," "
Ifiram Roberts, -
Judge D. R- Tucker, Milledgev!ili0. ,'.-
1-on. Chas. J. Jenkens, Augusta.
Capt. David Bush, 4 mile, So. (a.1
Col. A. P. Aldrich; Barnwell C, R., S.'f.
Gefi. L. M, Ayer. "1 it,,
077 COTTON shipped kId. F ernandifia and
addressed to the care of aiyq f Ahe Forwaidtit
Merchants of thtat place, will ba promptly-.rB-
ceived. July 7-=Iy_

Sole Importers Imperial. in;
J.M'. Adams. D.MeKinney. Wb/,aAdAfAJ
l.Represented by J. J. *S0bf], Of
.Ordrs" respectfully solicited a('do 1ntd
promptlyr, J -J. X;
Feb 16 38 ly

Receiving and Fo.warding, erchanit,
April 28. -
j*S. 6:RtrA*tN. 9A"-L'.A. 8wAlqK

G E NERL Co 0 M M1 1s ON,
Ani Fmorwarding Merchan.to#
FEBNAND1141, FrtA;
STRICT attention paid to the collection of Bu-
siness Paper, and to the purchase aio.le of
Real, Es tate, Stocks, Bonds and other securiLio
We Refer To-Jog. Bryan & Son, SavanmBa,
Ga.; Erwin & Hardee, Savannah, Ga.; Jno. S.
Ryan, Charleston, So. Ca.; Hanckel, Tunno &
Nowell, do.;- John MuRae, President- Bazik of
Wilmington, Wilmington, N.C.; T. H. Wright,
-'President Bank of Cape Fear, N. C.; Whedbe#
Dickingon, Balt, Md.;+ Watson & Meares, New
York; Bro0f, D'eRosset & Co., N. Y.
July 11' *' 8 "

Of W ilnffirgt.,. N0. Of Rleigh, JR.


Wm- B. Giles & Co., Savannah ; DeRoSset, tDw&,
& Co.q Wilmington; Butler & Bee, Charleston 1
Swann & Brother, Fernandina. "inir. 22-1m

Co-partnership Notice P
HE subscribers having entered into partner_
T ship on the llth of July last, would respect-.
fully inform their friends, the people of 1taB-
dina and vicinity, that they have estaulak"
themseIves in business, in Fernandis,
and respectfully solicit their patronage. Offie.
over McRorv's Griat Mill. "
Q. F. P
a. W.
N. B.-Plan; nnd SreeLcfiu' h i
r,,uonRlile ter M .acd"t'withl
FX raaaaHHI

At the meeting of -the Pbarma-ceutical
Society vuf Edinburg, Dr': Stevenson Maca-
dam exhibited a dress, one-half of which
had been immersed lit a solution of, sul"
phate (f ammonia, in order to test Itks noa-
combustibility. On a light having been
applied to.the part not steeped in the so-
lutiun it was-at once enveloped in flamie,
but the only effect the light hadi on the
other part Was to char it. This was con-
sidered a satisfactory experiment ; aied it
was stated that as amnifonia was only Id.
per pound, it Wasaccessible to the hum-
blest classes. It was stated tb'at the
crinoline used in the roval establishntelt
was steeped In a totally different solutiow.-
but that its cost prevented its general use,
and that the cheaper solution was equally
efficacious. Z

Lure so vage stQ.oj umicait^.io~u, so irvo~tO
rious as that with which we look upon the
cold remains of our fellow-mortals. The
dignity with whief Death invests -the
meanest of his victims inspires us with an
awe that no living thing can create, The
monarch on his throne sinks beneath the
beggar in his shroud. The marble fea-
tures, the powerless' hand, the stiffened
limb-oh, who can contemplate these with
feelings that can be defined These are
the miockersy of all our hopes and fears-
our fondest love, our fellest fate. Can it
be that we now shrink almost with horror
friom the touch of the hand that but yes-
terday was fondly clasped in our own ? Is
that tongue whose accents efet now dwell
in our ears, forever chained in silence and
death I Those dark and heavy eye-lids,
are they forever to sean up in darkness the
eyes whose glance no earthly power could
restrain ? And the spirit which animated
that cla4 where is it now ? Does it wit-
ness our grief? does it share our sorrow ?
Or is the mysterious tie that linked it
with mortality broken forever ? And re-
membiances of earthly scenes, are they
to the enfranchized spirtis as the morning
dream or the fading cloud 7
Alas !' tall that we kmow is, nothing can
be known,' i, tilmvwc ourselves salt have
passed the ordeal .

A Word for |ld Maids.
As a class, and oA the whole-the
world'sleast sinful inh bitants, we have
always thought! And& we are glad to see
a kind word in their faror in the London
Saturday Review. Thr'ns says the writer :
"There is something -ouching in the lot
of a woman who has courageously got over
an early disappointment, and who sets
herself to do good in hNer generation, and
gave her neighbors as nuceh happiness as
she can. That she should preserve her
beauty undiminished ad fifty, and foster a
permanent but hopeless affection in the
breast of a curate or doctor, are rewards
of her goodness, which,- if they could be
but transferred from fiction to real life.
we certainly should not grudge her. ,But
although there are omd maids who bear dis-
appointment in this noblo way, they are
other old maids whose disappointment
consists in 'never having had any disap-
pointment to bear; and this is a trial
which, at one period of life, is hard to en-
dure, and aught to awaken more sympa-
ihy than it does." I

Strength in Ice-From experiments
lately made in G'ermriny,. for the purpose
of testing the strength of ice when a pond
or river is frozen over, itf appear that
when its thickness is an inch and a half,
it will just bear the weight of a single
man ;. when about three inches and a half,
it will bear detachmient.s of infantry, with
their rank rather wide -art ; mith a
thickness of four andl I',.,n-tentlis inches,
eight pounders cany be c ,nveyedd ov>.-r it ou
sledges;, five and tivo-tenlh inches will
bear twelve' pounders; eight inches will

? Life's Happiest Period,
] Kingsley gives his evidence on this dis-
puted point. HIe thus declares: 'There
is no pleasure that I have ever experieno,-
ed like a child's mid-surmmer holiday,-,
The time I mean, when. two or Oee of, us
used to go away up the brook, And take
our dinners with us, and come home at
night, tired, dirty happy, scratched be-
yond recognition witlh a great nosregay,
three little trout, and one shoe, the other
having been used for a boat, till it had
gone down, with all hands, ojt of sound-
ings. How poor out Derby days, our
Greenwich dinners, out evening parties,
where they are plenty of nice girls; and
after that? Depend upon it, a man never
experiences such pleasure or grief" after
fourteen as he does" before, unless, in some
cases, in his first love-making, when the
sensation is new to him.")

Origin of 'A Feather in his Cap.'-
Among the manuscripts of the British
Museuti says an English writer, there are
two copiev of af curious description of
Hungary, which appears to have been
written by a military adventurer of the
Dalgetty tribe, in 1598. The writer,
speaking of the inhabitants, whom-he des-
cribes as. being 'of stature and -omplexion
not unlike untu the Inglishe, and in habits
like untu the poor Irishe" says, 'It hath
been an ancient cust,,me atuongst then,
that none should woate a freaher but he
who had 1ldled. a Turk, to whom, onlie P
was lawful to show the number of 'laine
enn'yes by the number of feaLliers in
hi6 capple Does otl ibis account for

bear twenty-four puundeirs; a;,J a thlck-

The Power of Music.-A few evenings
since a lady in Lexington, Michigan, was
playing upon a melodeon, when a mouse
enie'rg,..d from a coiner of the room, ran
up ieniblingly to the instrument, then
ascended the dress of the performer into
Stier lap, anitd finally nemled un.ler her bas-
I que. The little animal was in such a high
Elate ol ecstacy that it was utterly pow-
eiles', and had tlhe perforruar continued

the expression, 'That will be a fcatht


. .. . .. .. . .. ':


D. J. Taylor. .T. C. Beckham. .E. L. Haiison.

AND'- .

Agents for Steamer Carolina, and the
, Savannah and Florida Line of-team-,
ers St. Marys and St. Johns, and
New York Line of Packets,
Liberal CASH advances'tmale om Cotton
consigned to our friends in Charleston
and Savann&h.
*LZ+ , -----

Col. 0. W. Call, Fernandina., Fia.. Win. M
Lawt(,n & Co E. Lafitte Co., CharlestAq, S.C.
A. Brantly; Madison Fla. ; Go, KS. S Perry,
Micqnopy, Fla. ; W, Brantly, Ocola, Fla. Pad-
elford, .Fay & Co., Messrs. Boston & Vilralonga,
Messrs. Tison & Gordon, Savannah Ga. ; Gen.
A. McRae, Wilmington N. C. Messrs. Dollar
Potter & Co., New York. ""
Fernandina, Fla. October 14, 1.58--tf "

Sum omI et Pu Ni


S NO. 48.


______~__ ~ ~~~~__ ~__~______ __ ~_~ ~~~~~


From the Charleston Courier.
\s FO. IIr.
GAINF.VILi.r. FLA.. April 12, 1860.
I" I ( will be seen, by reference to the brick
And imperfect sketch of lands given in m
last letter, that Florida 'possesses at lea"
k due proportion of soils of the most fer
tile and desirable character, and, moreover
that there is prubahly no Southern Stal
that eonhians son small a proportion c
". Unavailable Inbds.
Probably the largest bodies of rich ham
mock land in East Florida are to be foun
in Levy; Alachua. Marion, Hernando an
Summer -counties. There are in tev
county alone not less than one hundre
thousand acres of the best description c
atigar lands; and there is but a small pro
portion of lands in any of the five count
ties here cited, that will not produce re
Inunerative crops of Sea Island and Shor
8japle Cotton, without the aid of ma
But, whenever manure is 'required, th
facilities of obtaining .the materials for!
are. In every part of the Peninsula, ex
ceeelingly great. The marshes along th
sea-coast, and the extensive savannas c
the interior present thousands of acres o
the most luxuriant grass, which only re
quires to be mown and carted in, either t
blastd green as manure, or to be con
*"- 'feed into a compost. Besides this, mar
"of the richest kind is to be found in earl
every part of the Peninsular.
As regards timber, it can be agserte
with confidence, and there is no othe
State in the Union over which valuabi
timber is so extensively and so uniformly,
distributed as over the whole State o
Florida. With the exception of the Ever
glades,, there cannot be found in any pat-
t0f this extensive State, an area of tei
miles square that is not covered witl
valuable timber. The best species 6
yellow pine is everywhere at hand, an(
the hommocks. with which the State is s(
regularly interspersed, abound in live oalk
wBit6 oak, red oak, water oak, hickory
sweet gum, red cedar, red bay. wild cher
ry, magnolia, mulberry and various othe
species of valuable timber, all of whice
rows to a very large size, and may be al
found in the same hammock. The mos
remarkable characteristic of the Florid;
hammocks is tire great variety of its tim
ber. It is not uncommon to find all th(
different species of timber above remune
.r rated on a single acre of haimmock land
Hammocks, acet rding to my observation
are nowhere to be found in the Unite(
States, except in Florida; and I doub
very much if precisely the., name descrip
tier. of land is to be found in any othe
part of the world.
The first-rate swamp and low hammock,
lands are covered 'with cypress of enor
iocus size, and red cedar, sweet gum an(
cabbage trees, of large growth, also abound
in them.
The Florida Keys, in the extreme Souti
of the Peninsula, produce mahogany, lig
num vitre, rosewood, ebony, and varion
other species of valuable hard woods. It
short, there is no other State in th
Union that can compare with Florida it
the value, in the variety, and the universa
distribution of its timber.
As respects water there are few Conn
tries -in any part of the world, through
which so ample a supply of good- atn
wholesome water is distributed as thlftigl
the State of Florida. The very larg(
number of rivers, creeks qnd lakes whict
may be seen so regularly distributed ove
^.,tie map of the country, afford of them
4selves sufficient evidence that there car
bf no scarcity of water; and no one whi
Seded t mn"h through that country,
SSha'.,- 'quality of the water
M Jl und Li~i the l6kci, rivers anm
is country is' generally _good

water or Florida, I shall ne.V'^ roceVd tc
the consideration of the lands. tInber and
fater of Texas., -
4he quantity of righ lands in, Texas ii
Tery great ; for the State is a vei* large
a- on, and it possesses, probably, as large a
prVojortion of fertile lands as any other
State in~the Union. The alluvial lands on
the water courses of Texas are not sur
passed in depth of soil and in fertility by
any lands 'on this continent. Here'xten-
aive prairies and her "muskite" lands are
also, with but few exceptions, extremely
rich. Without entering into a detailed
description. of those lands, it will be
enough to state that immigrants lute
Texas will find but little difficulty in pro-
curing lands ef the richest and most du-
rable quality, at very moderate prices
Indeed, if the inducements which rich
and cheap lands present, preponderates
;over all olher considerations, with emi-
grants, Texas would command a preference
Over every other new State. But as abun-
dancei opfrtich and durable lands can still
be procured in Florida. and in other new
St~es, on such moderate terms as bring
h~mn within. the reach of nearly every
emigrant, tho important question to be
determined is, which country p,'esets ti
ihe emigrant, besides rich and cheap lands,
the greatest amount of other advantages ?
l hen fairly estimated by this test, it will
be clearly seen that the inducements which
the rich and cheap lands of Texas offer to
the emigrant, (all very far. short of those
which the rich and cheap lauds of Florida

I have already shown, that in point of
climate, whi6h is a paramount considera-
tion, the advantages are altogether on the
s aide of Florida. The a me is true,.both
as *'regards timber and water ; objects
which, next to that of climate, are of the
most serious consideration to emigrants.
While the fact is indisputable that Florida
Is the best timbered State in the Union. it
is equally certain that Texar is one of the
worst. Texas is a prairie State, and with
.the .exceptions of some post-oaks, (a
stunted and inferior species of oak ) which
covers some districts in the Eastern portion
of e State-; a few very limited pine dis-
tricts. some narrow strips of large timber
on the banks of the rivers, and the small
-brush-like trees which grow on the mus-
quite land, there is nothing which resem
Mes timber in any portion of Texas be-
tween the Sabine and the Rio Grande.
This, it must be admitted, forms a serious
drawback to the rich end'cheap lands of
Texas, and adds greatly to, their price too,
when every plank has to be imported from
Florida and Alabama.
T ohe great scarc4y of trmber in Texas is
only equaled by the great scrcity of
water, especially during. the stammer
months Cattle, in Texas, often perish
for want of water, and not unfrequently
they are necessitated to,*ravel fifty miles
before they can reach it. In the prairie
llmds of Texas, (which form about nine,
tenths of the State) water can only ble
found by digging wells some seventy feet
What a contrast Texas forms in this
respect with Florida. Although the State
of Florida is about 400 miles long, and
about 140 miles wide, there is'no point in
,itss wh(.qe, extent that is so far as 30 miles
distant from steamboats or keel-boat navi-
gation. Besides the ample supply of water
which the numerous rivers, creeks, and
rmall running streams afford, the State of
Florida abounds in beautiful fresh water
lakesi in nat-iiral wells and never-failing
S ,of timber and scarcity of water
vory serious and very insur-
ILobjections to Texas, as they
krieh lands, to a great extent,
a,.H^^ deed, it i difficult to find
lW^zexas, exception the banks
B*ofl hir rier4rs8,good land
te idsInaa I reqni-

is understood that the rivers of TexasI THE T FLOW D IAN
nearly every ear overflow their banks. 1 EAS FLOR[DIA
frequently to the extent of several miles, .... .
some estimate may be formed of the very *rM. 1v H BA]3COQ3K.
f small proportion even of these hrnds (hat o .o n .
cy can be profitably cultivated b.%the planter. .. .. .
at It is scarcely necessary to ad that these ___ z:
extensive overflows occasion severe forms T 3 il 391 3T -K.ATL[V?3 T.A1.
r. of malarial diseases to prevati in the vi-
r, cinity of those riversB so that notwith- THURSDAY, APRIL 26, 1860.
of standing the great amottnc of rich lands
wlich Texas contains, it is a most difficult -TIME OF HOLDING JCOURT
n- matter to procure a plantation, anywhere In the different Countieseof Suwann
id within her extensive bonndary, which Circuits. as enacted by the Legislature a,
id combines the essential requisites of good approved by the Go'vernor, 4Jmnary 1
land, good water, good timber, and good 1859": ,*
'y health. In the prairie districts the lands
of are rich, but timber and water are very ; 8prlng Term,
_ scarce, if not entirely absent. In the Alachua ................. 2nd Monday in Apr
post-oak regions, the lands are pour, ard Levy..................,, 3rd M lnday in Apr
L- the timber of the most interior description. Lafayette.............. ...4th Mondiay in Apr
r- In the river .bottoms the lands are very S 11st Monday after 4th Mo
t rich, and the timber good and abimdna t, Swannee.. day in April.
but overflows are frequent and the heaPth Columbia... 2nd Monday after 4th Mo
e and navigation very bad. I day in April.
*e Here, again, the contrasts which Florida .. 3rd Monday after 4th Mo
,t and Texas present are striking. The Iarn- New tRver, day in April.
i- mocks of Florida, on the river banks as ,s l 4th Monday after 4th MA(oi
o well as elsewhere, combine every essential. ...... day in April.
of requisite that the planter can desire. The __
1 soil is rich and durable, the timber is in lall "errit.
to great variety very large and far apart, so Alachuta............. 2nd Monday in Octobe
that they are easily cleared ; water is al- o i Octobe
r" ways convenient to them if not within Levy.................3rd Monday in Octobt
them ; they are nearly if not quite ps Lafayette ........ ... 4th ',on.hy in Octobe
Y healthy as the pine woods by which they u,-nnc 1st Moa at'er 4th Mo
A are surrounded.'and which offer a cthmce day in October.
of residence. The rivers of Florida are, Columbia.. 2nd Monday after 4th Moi
with rare exceptions, all navagable, and o day in October.
that. too, at all seasons of the year ; and New River. 3rd Monday after 4th Mo;
fy as they run but very short courses, and day in October.
f are not affected by melting snows, they Nassau ...... 4th Monday after 4th Mo
r- never overflow. I day in October.
't So it is with the rich pine lands, with
01 the "pine, oak and hickory" lands; and, E TrW. C. H. RAINEY, Esq., will act s o
5rifn' 'abort.,withl every description of g0(d 'gn o teTwf Gainesville and vicinit:
land in Florida. They qall combine goodAgnfothTwno anylianvint
id t and is authorized to receive subscriptions a
timber, good v ihter, good health, and t ~le .
m neans .of transportation to market, alof advertisement, and givo receipts for same,
\' which, requisites are important, if not 1n, 1_'gJOsEP WALKER, -Esq., No. 120 Meetit
' dispensable to the prosperity, comfort and' St., is our Agent for the city of'Charleston, S9
happiness of the immigrant, and all of
^ which are rarely, if ever .found combinedi 1;7 'The absence of the Editor is ou
in any portion of the State of Texas. f ,
st So far, then. as my discussion of Florida apoy for the sarcity ofeditorial ready
* and Texas has extended, it is apparent J Pursers Fash and Bird, of th
that the former State presents to thn emi S a
grant tte following advantage over the Steamers Gordon and Carolina, will pleai
' latter, viz : First, a much more salubrious accept our thanks for late Charlestcn file
i. climate. Second, a much more agreeable
climate. Third, much better seasons. ,DESTROYED BY FIRE 1I
, Fourth, a much heater abundance, a much The Lumber Mill of Mr. Burns, locate
d greater variety, and a much more general t ot May-, Ge w
t distribution of timber. And, fifth, a mucht I
" more abundant supply, and more general by fire on the night or the 22d inst.
distribution of wholesome t*ater. was insured in the Southern .Mutual Insu
, Respecting the lands of Florida as corn- ance Company for $7000. This, however
. pared with the lands of Texas, it will be is not sufficient to cover the loss.
d seen that the only advantage that the lat-
d ter Slate presents to the emigrant over SHI T L
d the forwernis, that her rich lands can be $HIP TAMERLANE.
purchased at lower rates than in Florida, This handsome and fast sailing vesse
hard I feel very sure that no one who will Capt. D. F.Tinkham, from Newport. Wale,
" duly estimate the five collateral advan- 45 days ont, and drawing 17 feet 8 inch,
ges above enumerated, which the lands' of
n Florida possess over those of Texas, will of water, arrived a few days since, anrd
e be surprised that lands of the same quality now engaged in discharging a cargo of 90
n should sell much lower, and continue to tons of Rail Road iton for the Georgia
sell much lower in Texas than in Florida. Pensacola Road.
But the important advantages already
b set forth are not the only .ones which the ANOTHER SOLIHER OF THE
h State of Florida presents to the emigrant RE V OLUTION O N E
h over Texas. I shall, in my next com.- REVOLUTION GONE.
munication, commence the discussion of In another column will be found a- no
e the productions of these two States, and tice of the death of MR. JOHn DANIE
hin this discussion it will be -'Un that VAUGHAN, a soldier of the Revolution, wiv
r- Florida, in the valuable charac, a brief history of his life Une by one-,q
great variety of her agricultural, P ut"ta- i w i o t e
L tions, not only surpasses Texa#'.but fa; lik, which conet the e.i of the birt
o excell every other State in the r1-tn'., of our nation with the present 'have bee
r Vy-. broken, and but few now remain to r<
d y~ mind is by their presence of the pvr-,.l ,
L. Can the Ethiopian Change htis .*?'in I- darkness and, of storrn wbich pr,'c,:de

0 uur exchanges.. 11 tatemcnt, &Lat the skin wn(,ae glorious light it,:was 'fndly 1,"Ivu,.
d of a cerjAin novro, living, w& think, in would dispel tonight of oppression L.%e,
Savanniaho'r Augusta, Georgia, as chang- where, and teach to a world the grei
3 ing color and becoming white. f We recall lesson of self government and well regu
to mind this instance, from the fact that lated freedom,
r there is an old negrb on one f our river But few of these iron men still linger
n. steamers, who has h(llowed tlm business upon earth, grand monuments of the tim
of a pilot since 1819, whose ik-in is now when patriofism-was not a cloak to cove
Y "likewise changing from jet black to thik avarice of power anti hst of-wealth,, bu
e fairest white. His neck ini arms- as a passion springing from the heart, coloi
v far down -as his fingers, are of a smooth, ing every thought and influenceing ever
Soft, delicate whiteness, that would rival action. Will some of these look upon th
That of the tenderest, purest Circassian. death of the nation who beheld its birth
I His lips are of a soft ruddy hue, and his The clouds hang thick and dark above us
- face and body beginning to show the same are they tokens of the coming night ? I
*radical wonderful change. His name is indeed, the fearful signs we now behol
,'Peter, and a more faithful, true-hearted are true omens, happy will be the fate
.servant can't bo found. He has been the those venerable patriots who shall not lie
}means of rescuing fr'om watery graves to mourn over the degenerate race fi"
Several persons, in, cases of accidents to whose liberties they labored in vain.
boats on the Chattahoocheo River ; and
\bu a few years since, saved from drown- GEORGIA FORESTER.
Sing a lady now living in our city. The We have received the first number of
>Ethiopian's skin changes--not by his own new paper bearing the above caption, pub
'power, it is true--still it changes. What lished at Waresboro', Ware Co.. Ga., b
? is the explanation of this strange physio- E. L. Pearce, and edited by Carry W
| logical phenomenon ? Styles, Esq. The mechanical appearance
i Eufaula Spirit of the South. of the Forester reflects credit upon it
; ;' t publisher. Mr. Styles is not only a grace

'.... Crime Among the Colored Population fnl writer, but bold and fearless in the ex
of .New York.--We have shown that pressten of his sentiments; and we feel sat

about the-third of the colored inhabitants ]stied that the paper will soon become un
of our city are partilly or wholly depen- d er his management, well deserving of
dent upon charity for a subsistence ; and, large support. In principle, it is Demo
as is only, abut another third having any cratic. Terms, $2 per annum, payable ii
settled' occupation, Uhe remaining thigd advance.
are without any employment whatever,
and live on their wits--tat i, on wlat .LONG COTTON.
ever comes within their reach, or in otler The sales of Long'Cotton in Charlestoi
wayi that are not conclusive either io and Savannah, for the week ending the
their own well being or well doing. Now, 20lh inst., were as follows:
as the colored population of. our city SEA ISLAND.-The enquiry has beer
numbers about eleven thousand. it follows quite limited,-and with the exception of
hat en e nd fu t d one crop consisting of 160 bales on private
that ween three and four' thousand termsthe'transactions have been ,f but
must beWong to this last named class, little moment. The dullness of the mar.
which, considering their limited numbers, ket gives buyers an advantages, Mnd to ef-
is an enormous proportion. The criminal feet sales concessions k ave to-be made.-
statisc r t yr 18ow t The sales of the week foot 252 bales, at
statics for the ear 1858 show that. e following particulars: 4 at 23, 8 at
while oi.e out of every twenty-four of the 24 12, 6 at 25, 5 at 25 1-2, 27 at 27, 160
white population of New York was com. at prices not transpired, itnd 42 bales
minted' to prison for various offences stained as follows : 12 at 4. 22 at 7, 1 at
against the laws, the proportion among 16, 2 at 16 1-2, and 5 bales at 17 cents.-
The irregularity of the market eventss
the colored population was one to every our giving quotations.-Sav. Republican.
eleven or about two colored to every one
white criminal. This certainly does not The demand for Long Cottons is rapidly
wite na. Ts c y ds n increasing, and the sales are confined to a
speak vervyhighly of the moral condition few occasional buyers only. The transac-
of the colored race in our midst ; but tion of the past week do not, exceed -300
while they take up so prominent a place bales-prices ranging similar t our last
on the criminal calendar, when their limi- quotations. The receipts of the ast week
d ae it m t amount to 215 bales, against the exports
ted number are considered it must be of 2064 bales, and remaining on shipboard
acknowledged that they are not so daring not cleared 183 bales.--Chas. Mercury.
or' desperate in' crime as- the whites.
Thus there are comparatively few bur- The Labor upon a Fashionable Dress.
glars, and, we believe forgers ape also very A correspondent of the Boston Traveller
rare among them. Crimes, in fact, that writes : In the fashion plates of the April
require a high intellectual' development number of the Ladies' Bw.k, the skirt of a
are seldom to be found among the negroes dress is represented with fifteen flounces.
of New York, and we might add among I had the curiosity, with the assistance of
the negroes of any other place, lady friends, to assertain the number of
New York Herald. feet of sewing necessary to complete one
of these fashionable skirts to a modern
The following from the Louisville Jour- dress, and I found that the busy hand of
nal is one of Prentice's best:-A strolling the seamstress must stitch and sew, to
vocalist writes to us from the North, ask- finish this one dress, to the extent of nine
ing whether he can 'aing a-rti-slavery songs hundred and,, seventy-seven feet. Add to
-n the .S*ouuth 71 0h, yes, as he- wiln be this twenty-tfree feet for the waist, and
nirred",and featheredt"he, will be sture to, youl have one thousand feet, or one miae

-IrThe friends of Capt. JE3SE DeBRUHL,
announce him as a c.ndldate for the office of
Brigadier General of the 3d Brigade of Florida,
Militia, at the electionron the first Monday in
May next. %pl 26


Doors, Sashes, Blind t
J J'. ROSENTHAL & BR., Fernandina,
Fla., Agents for the a oV .m, ...will ttenc
strictly to all orders. apl. 26-6m

SAMUEL JhAMS, PRINCE, Master, v ,1l
Smake to trips per ,month, bettW'een
this place ati.Charleston, during the .-uai&
mer. For fright apply to
.,'/ Or, Master on ,Uard. .
Fern- ina, Aprr 2%6 43 tf


1dS1-jLuJb i 3AKE9
W 7ILL be gerea] pt CL AT-KSq
V RESTAl;R.\.\T, e-verv Tiucs- d-,_
dlay dtid Frid.av. b tueen I I x
and 12 o'clock. "
U:Vl Faaili .:,m lc i pii.t r'y Ins1- ,;ti4 their
orders the (lay prpsi..u,. r IV J-7

to the citizens or Fl'a..n, AnaI ml avicinity.
Officeein Dr. Lesu.is -I ml.lin%, F,.,urth-strect.
April 5 ;













c d


ESPECTFULLY offers hi Professional Ser-
vices to the inhabitants-of ST. MARY'S,
Goo., and the sroundiuS country. 129,

i ll I II~ l


- '-~-




Gleanings 1a Pres4W

Thfe Talla-v- jat & Journal re-
cord$ IF 'F Thomas Ross.for-
merly or -Mr. lkms emigrated
from Eelll'e ^ Bct, S, C., and was
highly < s w.,rth and useful-

ness ...... 1 lie %t. -'.'er learns that the
six negroes olfit '"- ithe Madison jail,
fur the tm'de,' e?- r M. 1). Griffin,broke
out of thme -ame on lie Nth instant.
The Jacksonvill Standard, of' the 19th
inst., pubihshesa c unuication fi'om`Gen.
Elias Earle. of-f*io, County, in whicll
that gentleimari decliness being a candidate
The Floridla St'"nel announces the de
raise of M'r. Jares, L. Hart, a highly re-
spectable citizen''f rfallahassee, and father
of one of the Ed, '- f that paper.
The Madison )!essenger says that Col.
'1'. F. Wardlaw, -as discovered upon his
premises, sulphu' water strongly impreg-
nated with chalyweate properties of excel.
lent qualties...X..1meeting of the young
men of tli..- a i,, 'ace i called for the
purpose of fmle.ri al- independent Rifle
corps. F,,wirldui, I ue to her'-Rip Van
W inkle" .:.-. -^ t . sh miibcrs still ......
The1 have a 1.,t ':i l Madison, under the
management of anm S. Livingston, which
the Messenger sap is becoming quite a
popular institutional ......The same paper in
speaking of the s'Pe' of the six negroes,
which we noticed 1.bve, from the jail of
that place, says:-"By means of the wire-
rhandle attached -_ tie water bucket in
their cell, they. r';.nag"d to wrench the
locks to pieccr :,'At"ned them to the
wall. Thus f"t, :,I -Ill.i r shackles they
tore up two Il-.ila, the floor, tqre a
rotten sRin t og. irir way, scratched
a 1,1,0rr%,- 4r t 1- 'u,1 llr*zed the r,..;K from
the foundation ol thpl*Auilrhn. \i~i,'l ex-
tended s.,ui"- d i-'ri e ilt9 lilthe gi.und, and
made thuir escape.' '_
The Ilndepende_ PLress says t04t the
Raulcrson Ferry o-ks are without a Post
Office, and that thn' establishment of one,
'" would do morvfO')wards moralizing and
enlightenml i hng lhC ,T'O. (hal two hard
shell sermons.III-r awmI lls and five gro-
ceries." ...... One,.Qx- 'he Fditor's of the
above plpcr~pa, -J visit to Fer'ni'lna, a
few days since, an to "ok It
Murray llouSe.!7, le seems to have been
well cared for, ain i speaks of 1" mine host
and hostess," as hibiting decided profi-
ciency in the way .f Hotel keeping.
The Tampa Peignsular says that prepa-
raiUons are being nade to furnish that mar-
ket with live fish or the ensuing season.
...... The same pag.er announces that the
Engineers of the Florida Peninsular Rail-
road Company are, now surveying the pro-
posed route for tl* oad to this place ...
The same paper 1-*driis that G. \V. Whil-
.ln ..h -i. ,..r .. i rivictuad of foraerr, and

liks ,l,, lhome teas di:.lAcyid by csi liy edi.
fices. He left l,ton, when there wai nro
N,,rth. no Soulh"l, no Egt, no Wewt, ain1 tj
the end of his longA life. cherisyqgd a longing
love for the Union fo)r whieh he hadfougli't
so hard. and was fi'eq16wh iiy heard to a'g,'
that he "prayed Gyn_ not to extend his lifk
lTo behold the downfall of Anydricin Iadez
pendence." .
Thus has pasaeed away,' almost the last
of our Revolutionary hreroes, W are. wdesc
little prized by us. (! wni eIverra '-erno-
crai qf the Jefferson school, anJd iio,1 us he
had lived, an honest meen. Uiiveis.illy be-
loved-by all wAo knew hihn in life. he has
died and left a large and wvidlely extended
circle of friends and relatives to mourn his


MR. EDITOR :-Haying been so fortun-
ate As to receive anl invitation to a ball
to be given by the ladies of St. Mary's, I
eagerly embraced the opportunity, and
found myself on the afternoon of the 18th
inst., safely landed in that charming little
town, celebrated equally for its beau-
ty and the'loveliness of its fair inhabitants.
Nature has been liberal to our sister across
the river. Yon, Mr. Editor, have been
therc, and can bear testimony to the many
natural advantages which she presents.
Wide streets delightfully shaded by state-
ly trees of several varieties, tasteful resi-
dences, handsome gardens and soft sea-
breezes all combine to produce a very
pleasant impression upon the senses of a
visitor. But St. Mary's offers another at-
traction before which those that I have
mentioned grow dim and fade into insig-
nificance. I allude of course to the nuzm-
ber, charms and accomplishments of her
And here I am compelled to notice the
wise dispensations of Providence. While
in Fernandina the disparity between the
sexes is greatly in favor of the males, in,
St. Mary's. the reverse is lhe ca:,vc As
in the early days of Rome, the inhabitants,
in consequence of the scarcity of women,
were reduced to the necessity of stealing
their wives from their neighbors, the
Sabines. so, from a similar condition of
affairs at Fernandina, it is not at all unrea-
sona6le'to suppose that many a foray wiJl
be made by the bachelors of that plat
upon the hearts of the fair.at St.. Mary'I
After this digression, allow me to speak
of thli ball and what I saw there. After
partaki,,g of a most excellent supper at
Cllier's Hotel. the party of us consisting
of nine or ten, proceeded to don our most
captivatbig appeal, and thus arrayed f,,r
conquest, started for the Academy, the
scene of our anticipated pleasure. Arrived
.there, we found the building anhlow with
;g;ight and prettily decorated with flowers
and evergreens. Sylph-like figures were
flitting across the floor, "And when
Music arose with its voluptuous swell,
Soft eyes look'd love to eyes which spake again,
And all went merry as X' irrria.iS% ill." ";
We were entire strang.-r', bji; hanks to
the courtesy of gentri'enci present, were
soon introduced and were speedily mingled
in the mazy dance.
I cannot remember when I have, enjoyed
an occasion with greater zest than the one
of which I am now giving you a descrip-
tion. The ladies were so agreeable and
unaffected in manner, that we were soon
placed entirely at our ease and upon the
fooling of recognized acqfaintances.-
While I admire a spice of coquetry in a
woman, which is her prerogative and
serves to render her more captivating, I
utterly detest and abhor affection, which
often renders more transparent tile faults
it is de.-ined to conceal. It is a flimsy
veil and should be tabooed by the sex.
An elegant collation of substantials and

Mayor's Court. lie shall receive the
taxes assessed, collect tihe saine anil piy it
over to the Treasurer. Ile shall make a
proper hist of all persons subject to patrol
duty and detail a suitable number to per-
foirm said service each night, and report 0o
the Mayor all failures of parties to perform
the same. Ile shall be required to make
a correct list of all persons subject to road
duty, and summon parties to perform tlhe
same unde such ordinances as the Council
may prescribe, and collect all fines for non-
pelformance of same. That the annual
salary of the Marshal be fixed at six hun-
dred dollars, and his fees of the Mayo'"s
Court. And al-o. that the entire amount
of fines imposed and collected be paid
over by him to the Treasurer, and that in
addition. to his other duties, the Marshal
sha11 act as overseer of all hands employed
in City improvements, under'ihe direction
of tile Street Committee.
Be it ordained, That the Treasurer
shall receive all money collected by the
City Marshal, and shall be entitled to re.
ceive one per ernt. for all amounts drawn
out of his hands by proper warrants,
signed by thee Mayor, which warrants
shall be his vouchers in svttlemnent with
the Council.
Be it ordained, That the City Engineer
be required to locate all private lots, when
called upon for that 'purpose by parties
owning the same, from whom lie shall re-
ceive for said service when perfbrm~ed, the
sum of three dollars for each lht so su--
veyed and located, and for all services pur-
forned for the City, he shall be'kuaid such.,
reasonable and adequate compensation as'
may be prescribed by the Council,
The following resolution then passed :
Resolved, That all claims ag-ainst tie
City of Fernanlina shall be presented at
the next regular meeting of Council, to be
held on the 7th day of May next. and tw(
notice of same be published ii the k-iast
ffe il ordained by the Mayor and City
Council, of the city of Fernaeditma, that
from and after the 71[h day of May, A. D.
i naO, cl, e ach lan dg,' 'lv Tl e.
for the r..t;,l ,,f 1 / l/ in

a .-tax (Y .I wuti~l ;nr.fl l ~
every plan? ita}Jle rt- k..-fde 1 i
ordinlane, v a(", 6- driq A-"11up yI lie
Marshal, unless the same ,.hall be pa id
within tel days after the said Ith day of
Be itfurther ordained, That every ap
plication for,license,, to retail intoxicating
liquors; shall be approved by the CiH%
Council. at a regular meeting before the
saine shall be granted.
Be it further ordained, Thiat the fore-
gC5uing ordinances, shall We published in the
East Floridian, until May 7tit ]8G60.
By order of the Council. -.
C. 11. PELOT, Clerk.
April 26, 48 2t

Good News kor Fernandina.
Which I will sell by large or small qtmntitieo,
at lower prices than ever before offered in ih;s
*place. It is manufaetured especially for this
market, and I can please all those who .wish a
good article and cheap.
For the present I will sell -in the house o0
Messrs. Roux & Co. -
Orders from the interior, with gnod refere nceP
promptly attended toL D. C. BAMSAUR.4M
April 5 ~<

UI ne 11(1 Uoce1 con,l*---" -- 0 ^ "11U
i sentenced to pay aWfi of $400.
T Tle Florida Ilotne 'ompanion, says that
2 J. 11. M. Munroewho was serving out a
t term ofimpri-fflnt for the murder of J.
of L. Cothran, last summner, made his escape
from Jail on Wednesday night last.
fi The Pcn-ac..1a Observer says, a drunken
iseillr wv:is kUck.d tidwn by two men in
's '* !- c'hc e,,: i;,nd robbed of
I n tli%]i...... same aper
" a) L Ii.iL r o I D A l,- bl autil'ul Salmon are
Pt being caught in thn bay of Pensacola.
u, The Marianna Patriot says that R. L.
; Smith, J. Myrick |Gorrie, Russel P. Juhn-
. son and Edward .V. B. Langstroth, Esqrs..
were admitted to practice in the Supreme
r Court of this Statp.
ut The Apalachicolla Times says the Bark
r- Fanny IHolmes, wAs burnt to thee water's
y edge, a few days sdnce.
he Drunkenness iT4 Europe.-Rev. Theo-
dure Parker, in Oine of his letters from
; Europe, published in tho Liberator, says :
I "In Europe, voti see many things which
d seem strange to a6' American. Take the
of use of wine. If I fam right, the Europeans
e consume about 6,SpOO,000, gallons of wine.
or In France, leave ovit of account the pasture
land which is not slowed, and the forests.
of the actual arable land, one-third is de-
voted to the cul ture of the grape. Yet
a there are immense districts where no
" wine can be raised at all. I see it stated
Y Lhat the Governniftntteturns make it ap-
pear that the people of France drink 850,-
e 000,000 gallons il wine, and the calcula-
s tion is that the a:znount is not Much less
c- than 1,000,000,00C. Yet I don't believe, in
K the year 1859, thfwre was so much drunk-
e enness among the 39,000,00 people of
" France, as among-. the 3S000,000 Yankees
a of New England. .I haye been four months
" at Rome; there ar wine shops evirywhere;
n [ am out ofdoorsfiom three to six hours
a day, and I have ;never yet seen a man
drnnk; now and -mn one is merry, never
intoxicated. The .0jrjanii, Italians, French,
n &c., are quite teniparate ; they drink their
e weak wine within water, and when they
take liquors, it is only a little glass-full at
n a time, which doep not make a spoonful
f I don't believe thvre is a bar in all Italy
e where men step iP and drink rum and
i water, gin and ;water, &c.' Excessive
r, drinking is not to- the taste of the people.
- In the North of Europe, and even in Swit-
terland, it is not so. The English, with-
', out help from the Irish and Scotch, drink
s about 600,000,000 or 700,400,000 gallons
t of beef- every year, not to speak of the
- wine, spirits, &c., they take to wash it
down withal." ;
A Beautiful Scene.-The New York
Evening Post of the 12th instant, thus de-
scribes'a beautiful' scene at Passaic Faj!fl-
"A portion of t0he rock forming the-. r"
cipice has fallen nto the upper and _nar-
rowest part of tfie chasm, partially ob-
structing the descent of the flood. On
Sunday the neighboring grounds were un-
usually attractive} from the spray fseezing
as fast as it alighted on the adjoining veg-
etation. Speers of grass, and the Jeaves of
other plants became the nuclei on which
were formed tall, stalks of crystal, file-
quently two feet high, gnarled, bulbed and
twisted intoevery Vonceivable shape. Here
would be presented the picture of a mother;
with her babe clinging to her bosom ;
there a serpent coiled beneath the leav~es.a
and elsewhere cherubim with wangs ex-' -
panded. Several rods of ground were liua
covered, while from the cliffs thousands of b
icicles hug pendaet, glistegiag ifa the solar c
ravs ; the whole surmounrted by rainbows
painted upon the spray, and dancing, over, s
i hi,. Ffoarw\\ng. cautililm^/ n e.I t hlio .11^ al


delicacies 4'as served up at twelve o'clock, Per steamer Gordon, Captain Adkins,
after discussing which, dancing was re- fromn Charleston, Aprilr20.-DrItalehurst.
surned, atd kept up with "inremittlig Jaf Clubb, H Harris. N G Evans, James C
vigo, -- t.'h*a ticleer proclaincdA the ..,, II A ,Baisdfn,V ii -Wi lins, 1rs.
aWvent ..r( iwn. Cohen, C S l-arby-_2I!on deck. '
When aU were engaging and attractive, ipersteamer Curolina, Capt. Flinn,Jron
"tis very difficult to particularize, yet there Charleston, April 22.-J Clark. C YV
were several who mert more than a, gen- Savage, J M Crews, A D Holins, G U
eral notice. El-s, C Ellis, II Townesden, T H Bassy,
Two present, 'par noble sororum," B Kanl.
attracted a large share of attention and .25.-L F Roux, D 0 Anderson, John
were always surrounded by a circle of iad-Golby, J L Cooper, T Ingrain.
mirers. Their piquant conversation, affa- ,C.'
bin manners and graceful movements, elic- OBITLTAUY.
ited thecommendation of all and proved 01OBITUARY,
fatal to the peace of more thany one pres- Departed this life, at his residence, in
ent. The poetry of motion in another Nassau County. Florida, JOHN DANIEL
lady, caused us involuntarily to acknow. VAUGH.N, in the 98th year of his age.
ledge the truth contained in the following Ilewas born in the city o" Boston, on the
extract tr,,n Bailey's1Festus. 1st day of March, A. D., 1763; when the
"How sweetly-- -sweeps along! ancient Boston was the eradl w l4ib-
Her step is music, and her voice is song, e, ty." Ile was at tihw.4-tlle of texington,
Silver-sandal'd foot how bleat though a mere bo'., ad plIrticipated in the
To bear the breathing heaven above, v ,. of tha i r stugl
Which on thee, Atlas-like, doth rest, eo
And round thee moved." which eventuated so gloriously fur us as a
, nation. The father of the deceased, and
There was yet another-, with a wealth two o4his ala, pt a"" "ted in the stru-
of ebon curls, clustering around a classic gPS r he0ty0they wepresent and fught,
brow and face, whom w cannot soon for- gjimaforli et the bytwoe, o Stiahfuater and
get. The bewildering glances emitted Saratoga ; and in that fight, whmU tur-
from (he ,iauiug orbs of a certain lady. gone surrendered, he received his mor-
appeared to exectise a magnetic effect up- wily wounded uncle in his arms. who died
on the minds of some of her attendants, a few moments afterwards. He was with
fir it appeared almost absolutely impossi- the father ol his country during that try-
ble to escape from their fascinating latinfli- at Vally Forge, and was, with
ence. Then there was Miss- and others, cheered in suffering by-his approv-
Miss- and Miss- and Miss- Iin, smile. He was continually in the ser-
who during that night inflicted wounds vi- of his country, from the first fire at
upon divers hearts which only time or Lexington to the surrender of Lerd Corn-
matrimony can heal. 0
The ffar, yu mst udertandMrwallia, and passed consecutively through
The affair, you must understand Mr, thbattles of Trenton alnd.Monmouth.-
Editor, was a Leap Year party, got, After the war, he, with a few others, di-
up entirely by the ladies, to whom ll re atn
hooi u Isnerl op ht reected th ,eir course westward.,aav"gatn
honor ts due. I smncereiy hope that le ter oi th OhtoA.1 /
.I .h that early day the waters of the Ohio.
-nie success which attended their efforts "i- i i. i 1
ent tWhile on one of these expeditions, he, with
will soon induce them to repeat the exper- three others, was captured by the Indians
iment. You can judge of the effect which 1 t 1 s t 1e rn Fo rt
J c~i,, andi tie to stakes to he burned.. Foartun,
has been produced upon your correspon-
1 ately, he with t.wouthers uqne their es-
dent, when I state that I have deliberate- c d a i roly F V t er
ly come to the determTination of investing d rived ry
C5 wards Pittshurg. Ile took part ;n must
all my surplus capital in the purchase of a of the Indian difficulties i the West, and
Safl-boat, studying navigation and making c *.,.
sa-bL, s a maing was among the first who navigated the
semi-weekly trips to St, Mary's, Further, g Mssp i n i tt near
deonn sat not great Mississippi River. Ile settled near
deponent sayeth not, New Orleans, where he resided some years,
from thence he moved to West Florida,
Proceedings of C0o1ncil. sad thenceto Savannah, where he engaged
in mercantile pursuits, atim was there dur-
The following Ordinances were duly ing 1 the great fire," (so called when he
phingsd by the City Council o4 Fern jAlinn, |O .t all, there being no insurance compa-
..,heir regular meeting, on A1,ri6ht lk, Tes in existence then. In 1796, he re,
1860, to wit : moved to Amelia Island, and has lived ever
Be it ordained, That the QW-A. 4 ,t tie since iA this County, until on the 16th
City Council, in addition tq tie duy of inst.., after a short but not painful illness.
recording the proceedings o4 council, and he sank into,Q ttB sleep of death The aub-
mqking copies of the same for publication, jeqt of this s~lort biography, was ,a all
when required by Con,il, shah keep a things a mTost extraordinary man, physi-
book, in which all fines collected shall be tally and -mentally. .le retained his fa
recorded, and a book in which the marks culties to the last, and.even the day before
and brands of all b,^ef, cattle, swine and h% fell .asleep in death, he walked acroas
sheep offered for sale in the market shall -hits room. His entire life was on., -f4 un-
be recorded, for which service the Clerk tiring perseverance and independence, and
stialt -receive from the owners thereof if an honest man is the noblest work of
twenty-five cents per head. Ale shall also God, then was he indeed that work:--For
attend all. aittixkgs of the Mayor's Court, truly, honesty adoi.ned his life, &ad it has u
and, Wis qompeunstiort therefore shall be ever been characterized hy all those vir
ow? hundred and fifty dollars per annum, tues whlih strketly Adorn a man. An in- \
Be it ardaid.4, That the Marshal shall cide.et itA hi* long life may not be amiss.-
be required to report all violation of the Just frty years after he left Boston, he r
ordinances of the City to theMayor. Hle returned to see his native place, when be-t
hall keep order in the City at all times, hold, he wasaLq stranger in a ,strange and.
,hall, attend: all meetings of, the Cotpcil, Knew np one--no one. kpneW him ; and
Lnd' be nremr nL at t nf a | 11 c tinrra ff, t,..> n ftf,* lili.onr o.s 15,,r h imn ono. nn....,-n ,

Whole Tickets $10( Halves $5; Quirteors V $,tt2.
Certificates of Pakagea in the Ordinaryjra"-
ings will bea sol4t a tlq (olltqwing rate& which is
the risk ; ....
Certificate of Prekage of, 10 W'hoe Titets, 10
1 l0 Half, 40
10 Quartlr '. 20
10 Eight? 10

lin Ordr*#g( Tlo0kets or, certiflcates.
{,w;aIoas thb oa aunt of money to our address foar
what yot wisb to purchase : nam# theo L,,ttoy
in which you wish i t invest ed.SA ad wawheryp a
wish W40olet8J.lvea or uLarters, on receipt of.
which, we sev.dwhat a, ordorid, by first mail
together, with the gehema. i
Immediately after tW, drqwig, a printed,
DtawIng, certified to by'tfie cuMirissqiunn. r til
be sent, with an-expianation.
Purchasers will plegae wr;lc Lheir eignntature
plain, aAd give th.-ir Post, (fl e, County and,
Alt Communications strictly (xkl1ienlial. *'
All prizes of $1,000 nnd undit,, paid immiedi-.
ately after the drawing OthVi'priias at thio
usual time of forty days. f- r J
I--v'Wood, 'Eddy & Ca's l-oUerics are'
drawn at Augusta, Ga., audMigllifpngton%.
Delaware. "
Orders for Tickets or 0crtige'eI to bodi-%
recteo4to ^
WOOAt EDDY x COL. .Aulta 069.
or, WOOl), HDDY & Go.,. tl ta' ^,
9?r, WiOOP BUD); 4-CO(.0 11into Dl'
1 Qircu,10trs conining Sehape iMjar 4o
month, will be sent frese ofcsponsp bymlgw


Wood, Eddy & Co's





Grand Extraordinary Di w i. g. p k
Class N o. 25 2 Draws Saturday. Away 26.
Nearly one Prize to evcry Two Tickets.'


100,000 Dollars'!
1 PriM eVor. ,... $J ).00O 11,00 Prizesof.... 1,0009
Z Pri*& ( *...., 20Od0 1'70 IPrizes of .... 00
12 Prizesof. .... h000, I 65 Prizes of..:. 00
2 prizesof .... j,0. 65 Prizes of.... ; 75
2 Prizes of .... 5,009 65 Prizes `f. '60
i2 lrizesof .. .4,iW 65 Prizes of. Bd
2 Prizes"ttS.. ,,000 ,1,R Prises <.f "401
2 Prices of, .... GQ00 21046 Prizes of' 2WZ
3'2,.]96 Priles aTont6i-g t6;......... *l, ?
-Wholo Tickets .20; ll.Ll ighths 8'2,50.
Certificates of P',ckae- ivill b.e sol1, at the'fo)h
lowing rates, whlfth is the risk.
iCerti&%cate of P -aoge1?6 WAhle Tickets $299 00
k c L 26 Ilf a f19 501
C 9 ,>r 26 Q uQ{ter 1 74 75
k 9, 2, 6 Ehi"l lb 37 3t

of Wood, E1,3ly & Cco'4 Single.Number Lotteries
will take place in public&, j fllows--
Class 71 Draws o, mSahirdai, May 6, 1660.
CMas 7"-2 D rawon-,Salurd,y;-May 12, 1SW
Vlass ?.3 Draws on Saturday. _May 19, 1860.
Clams 74 Draws on Saturday, flay 26, ISGf
Nearly One Prize to every Nine Tickets,.
Taa kae plapeo as above !Vedified. ,-=
1 firand Vaphial Prile of' &0,000
I Prime cf ...... $2 9 \I P m-of.....
I t 10, 04 W 0
I Ec ::::....5,000 169^ ^;.;. 0
1 C ..,%..... 4,000 100 10 ..... .
1 ( i ........3,0u0 100 .. ........150
100(" .....,..:1

4 Prizes of $400 Ap. to $50-b are 1T 6-U
4 300 20,000 ae,,l200
4 250 ,, oOO are 10m,
4 225 6,000 art & 900
4 200 410 ae 1 00
4 ~ 150 3,600 are 60
4 100 1,500 aoes W00
5,000 20 are \ ,s K0(OOO
5,485 Prizes a qontiugta5,... .. ,.O

-- -- ----- ---- --~--r-- I IC~ T~ 7-

1T B L S.



N.IENT w. TriE
0' A D D Y-0 T

AND TrIe -

ges Moderate.,i
38 tf .


r-- ~---- --e -~9~d19t- '~^

L . . ...

I.S-. N1)OW OPEN .I.)lR lI, 1 E C:EC PrjCvPON'
;- o. t- i ..'f -.

Situated 100 Yards from the Depot,
0. J. MURRAY, Proprietor.
April 12 46 tf

^!h,. ISLAND CITY '5-

TED his building, begs leiavd to notify the citi-
zens of Fernnndina anl those visiting the place,
that his estab ishment
For, their accoottmolation. Io will anlwayosibc
prepared to serve up the various delicacie' of
t1h1A ,o n-4 .wqn f

ed to accommodate Regular
Wardirs, ,-
39 ," tf

Worsted Sacks, Mantles, Opera Hoods,
Lace and Muslin Embroidered Collars,
8l1eves anid Chemizetts,
Sash, Belt, Sarcenet and Scotch Plaid Ribbons,
All the Newest Styles of Press, Cloak an"l
iq['.ANTrJIT .T /

Together with a splendid variety of

Freich & Fancy Articles,


-. At Wholesale and Retail.
_'S--^Onler for all kinds of Embroideries, Tra-
- -,n-, t.o ., .Il be promptly attended to.
Dec..-l 56m

Coni, Bacon, Flour, &c.,
I| f\ t 'r Bushels of Corn.
1 )UU 100oo ibs. Sides and Shoulders
30111) lbs. HIAMS--some very choice.
l barrels Superfine and Extra Flour.
*1.1 Kegs Prime Butter.
81"0 bulel QOats. "
500 bales Hay.

~ ~- - --7 Tg -



C'Iry PLAN !

FOR $1,06!
Sie ize's I)aiable % I i -out Deduction l!1
F3C!MX:E3MA&31; .
Any$1,00 Ticket, 8 drawn numbers on it, $50,000
1; "4 ". 7 25,000
i t 6 10,000
I 5 2,500
cc ,I ,' 4 500
.' 3 100
1 2 30
4; "C1 5
Any $1,00 Ticket with a drawn number
on it stationed to come out at any par-
ticular place, -such as 57, 1st, 2d, 3d,
or any other station in the drawing... 60
Tickets from One Dollar to any Price.
At the above rates per Dollar.


TICKETS- -04,Y $8.00!
Halves 84.0-Quarte's'-^"'- Eighthis $1.00.
Prizes Payable in Full, Without Reduction.
Purchasers buying 10 Tickets, when the num-
bers ono] in 1, 2. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9; 0, are guar-
anteed a Prize of $25,00.
Class 27, draws Saturday, April 7, '10
Class 28, draws Stifet',/ ,y, Ap'l. 14, '60.
(,'lass 29, draws .',,,7'., ,;:,AIp'l. 21,'60.
lass 30, draws Saturday, Ap'l. 28, '60.
Class 31, draws Saturday, May,. ',-1

TO 271,200 DOLLARS!
Will be distributed according to the following

T. bu'draiwn c~bry Saturday.
I Prize of 870.000! 5 Prizes of $500
1 Prize of 20,000 10 Prizes of 300
1 Prize of 10,000, 20 Prizes of 100
I Prize of 5,000' 100 Prizes of 50
I Prize of 3,000 100 Prizes of 25
1 Prize of 2,000 25,000 Prizes of 5
3 Prizes of 1,000!
976 Approx'tion Prizes amounting to $18200.
Certificates of Packages 10 Whole Tickets, $55.00
10 HaFlf Tickets, 27,50
1( 10 Quarter Tickets, 13,75
-i 10 Eighth Tickets, 6,87
This is the risk, and entitles the holder of a
Certificate of a Package of the Whole Tickets to
all he draws over $25. Tlilf, quarter and eighth
certificates in proportion.
Draivs every day, 4I o'clock.
$40,000! $32,000! $'25,000! $20,000!
$10,000 f'$5,000 $92,500! etc.
Tickets from $1 to, $10.
In ordering ticket or certifirjqo-e enclose the
M.)ney1o oqr address for the tj.ekcts ordered, on
_r_:. i),t.lf. hicb the will 1.. i.. .1 by first ,
I m a il T h e lis t -o 0 dt a w n : ,' ; I i .r' zb i
be sent to pu:'.}'a- cr'. .. j' after the
drawing. All prizes under one thousand dollars
payable immediately after the drawing.
Those who prefer not sending money by mail,
can use the express comp,);ies, whereby money
for 'iekets, in the sum of eight dollars and up-
wards, can be sent to us at bur risk a.nd expense,
from any city or town where there is an express
office. The money and order must be enclosed in
a Government Post Office Stamped Envelopef or
the Express Companies eannot receive them.
U.vAll1 communications strictly confidential.
Purchasers will please write their _. i igi.,,ti..-
plain, and give their Post Offile, County and
Containing full explanations of our ]. i.
&c., will be forwarded, by mail, to aoNy ..n1.
sending us his name. '
CWOrders for tickets or certificates by mail or ex-
press. should be addressed to
Nov. l1-59. MACON, GA.



ON and after February 2tst, 1860, daily Pus;
senger Trains will run as follows :
Leave Ferr, ndina at.. ............2.00 P. 3.
Bahldrin at .....;1. ............ 4.55 '*"',
Starke at ..................... 6.30 *";
'* W aldo at ......................7.15 ":
"t Caiinosyvie at ............... 8.20 V
Archer at ..................... 9.15 '"
Arrive at Bronson .................. 9.51 '
Leave Bronson at ................... 3.00 A. 1.
Archer at ..................... 3.30 '+
Gainesville at ............... 4.30 "'T
W ahdo at ................. ...5.20 "' '-
Starke at ..................... 6.00 "*/
"Baldwin at ............. ...... 7.55 "J
Arrive at Fernandina .. ......... 10.46 "\'
|Freight Tra~in will leave Fernandina on Men-
]days, Wednesdays and Fridays. at 4.20 A. M.,
; and returning leave Bronson, on Tuesdays,
' Thursday and Saturdays, at 3.10 A. M
| These Trains connect with Boats to and from
Charleston daily and with Boats to and from
!Savannah four times a, week,

Throu,"k Tickets between all the above Sta-
tions andCharleston,,:2n be secured by the daily
Boats, and between all the aru,"? Stations and
Savannah, at reduced rates by the" Sth,^Ler
Augusta, which leaves Fernandina on Wednes-
days and Saturdays. and Savannah on Mondays
and Wednesdays.
-Freight will a-so be taken by the Eteamer
Augusta at two-thirds of present rates.
Persons desiring to avail themselves of these
reduced rates, should notice particularly the
sailing days of the Augusta, and instruct their
agenfg as to shipping.
A. H. COLE. b.p't.
Fernandina, Feb. 20, 1860. ,

- *- .Si.AVI4N-G formed a, connection with the long
-J[ established houses of Thos. Iloyt & Co., New
York, ari-l t..t, I; u'bour & Co,, Louisville, Ky.,
3 .h:ill kv.,|. .,n h.and and offer at Wkholetale to
"' dait.5 in lntb.,-e ;:,,dg, both in city and country,
-At ch:ie I -i t .on of extra brands of imported
anud domestic
at pii. eq l)it cannot fail Cto e eet their view.,
-a "'"; td rr tii .=. Si'eeiaL cl:,l t t,, our r.Lr. f.ineI k ,ut H oard s P...".-*t.
-:Lin'fdil,!^.l S ...:ch ._* ff put up in an ,.,,;'.-ely
new anA.supcrior style, and .it less price than is
kko any othe r house.
Ferliadina, Fla.
.. TRANDE, 1860,

new store, the bandsomest stock of Staple and
FANCY GOODS, -which, in style and price, sur-
passes anything \ver offered before, to which
_I they rei ,,...,iuh.i ..invite close cash buyers-fecl-
ing sIiure.j rti.it Ate most fastidious will be

PCoats, hlr.ts and Vests at $5,00.
H gS K I 'iTrs from 50c. up, and everything,
I" ; t~r) ft. aeAeIndt exa i'n oe
'' J" iIOSENT1HAL6 &; CO.
_-; ". A .nL- ) 4 ,

rORI'% in mi's .. r;. ia Japan, ws cured orf
;" ,-.nt, S I ^ ,,,' 1 all t her M eans ha d failed.
b" hv' L.- a're'i -t ,, ,' I from a learned physician
reidin" in thegroat city of jeddo. This recipe
'Ihs earg trr'l re.i|t umbeas who were suffering
;from C-.,I-,t--W ,0-,,.1, Bronehitis, Sore Throat,
"S 'Cough, rind Colds, and the debilityand nervous
S;. -Uopre;-i.n ,: us'ed. by these disorders.
;^+ Ieshr.ous ,,f benefiting others, I -will send this
reripe,"'vllich I ha:ve brought lioiio with me, to
u ii hojfir-ed it" free of chatu e.
Address Rnv. WM. COSGROVE,
230 Baltic-st., Brooklyn, N. Y.
.Apiil 5

MtVernIonAgents Wanted.
(+I- AGENTS wanted to canvass Ea.t Flo-
-" *")0v r,. ',,,,d Georgia, for .the sale of Mount
Vereiiu Pictures, Liberal inducements offered.
,Addrezs ivith stamip,
ST. J. WOMBWELE, Gen'l. Agt.
4 ;6-31t Fernandina, Fla.

:r i- IF you want any

=Yttf cri ge; them by applying at the Book Store.
Lh.lie:' ia.ndBook of Patterns; Beulah ; Wild
: -Sports ,:,r the South-The Largcst collection of
li.iiis inade"iu the Unwed States--and any-
thir.g (.Ise you *ant,
46-3t T J. WOMBWELL, Agt.
.f rHE' subscribers would respectfully announce
d ,o the citize:nolofFernandina and surround-
ing country, that they havegentered into co-pait-
.mership as
-Contractors and Builders,
"fheyo.,lieit a share-of public patronage.
.. / ++ B. J. FARMER,
.+ +, + .... WM. H. C. FAUCETT.
', April 1 .2 46 ly.

%r'ho has had oeper;eo,,e in teaching, in
t-'lorlJ1 '!r anyarfdbe Stai.'e. libe advertiser
mould a86u fiay to
tLDIT 'V ho m.y he io want -of an Ona'sista~nt, that he
"'lia s,%rved long in the "EDITORIAL IIAR-
"T 'ES, *,in, want sn a s Luation as assistant, local
or Editor in charge.
+.ge'lu in want 6,fi& Teacher or Editor, can be
satisfied of the good morals of the lVantant, and
the.capability to do either. For further infor-
Irntion, a.t l e'a C. C. )iCHOLSON,
March 29-tf '.Charleston, S. C.

Co-partnership Dissolved!
rTp FlE firmi ,.f RAMSEY A RAINEY, has this
,ty l :n dissolved by mutual consent. All
persons indebted to the lateofirmi are hereby
tantified to inake immediate payment to either of
the indlerinc.d, as the business must be promptly.
settled. I C. A. RAMSEY.
e.aine~illto, Fla., Mar. 22, 1860.

THE-unCk.'"-sigced having purchased the in.
terc'st of W. C.HI. t'iiriev, in the late firm of
'-a'mfev A Rainey,'!r.t continue the business at
'be ,,Id st:)ndi as formerly. Tliankflul f,.,r past
furvors, he solijs tho patronage ."1

? usl'-'mcr'i. an.,I hopies by.- ket(. men*.,.-... t ..).?,,." ^ 'd
'.dispusing ,.,f' ihe tauje .it ,'e,_:"ii,i~lf- t_.ric<.. ....
melit [he >c the class (,1 puchasE-r; iiinli,:,neJ.
. C. A. RAMSEY."
'; ,. "*".sy pl.a., iai. "3', 1 j tf
i s -" "

M-..., ESS&S. TAYLOR, BEClfUI A' ,. '0 ill
! keep on baw a supply' t" SU]'TiR N
...VIHI -KEV. frocm 2 to "5 .'ear olq, made ..l
"$ linm lerdeap Fac~tory, V !I. !11 persona wishing~
& h*same, ;ill apply to t.lel*or to the W^c~-



ROBES A'JUPE, &c.. &c..
October 13 s



9w- Ht.*




Gainesville "Academy, ..
THE iX rRirIsLs of thi, ,nsituLion were FERNA
T resomel January 2r,.I. IS60 .. r ER 1AN1
TV, Female Departmnet in connection with ; ....
the Male; commenoed in (he new Academy, l:
about the flrml of March, ander the superintend- "M S.
ence ofaft accomptishe' d 'orpi ol'f Tenhers, who -
will impart instrtaction' in Music, French, Ornn- ,
mental Branches, &c,, at the' costomarty rates of
Tuition. .. I.LI.-
It is our design and highest .aspiftf ion t6 make + -Olqt
this Academy merit the patronage of the entire, R A I T R
community. W RAI R1
Tuition as previously published.
"No dedttionsf unlet in case of plutracted
sicknes.. TE MB
Board $10 or $il per month. TA MiDU
Parent desirous of having their sons and 1;7 Char
daughters p epredr fo eirter college( of wishing Fe,. 16
them to receive a thorough Aecadektnie Educa-
tion, either Lifiguisffc or Mathematical, are re- M AGNC
spectfuIlly solicited to give us a trial. M AGNO
Too much of our wealth is expended in other GAIN
States instead of our own, for the purposes of
Education. Let us rear up, foster, and patron- R, M. HEAT:
ize our own literary institutions. [ I6 prepare
Gainesville is one of the healthiest locations in aud Translent ]Iki
the interior of the State. It is accessible East % Dee. 8
and West by Florida Railroad ? North mnd South
by tri-weekly stages. PIO NEI
Foy further information reer (to ,I N -
J. H ROPER, A. M., Principal, A. C6
Feb. 2-36-tf Oainesville, Fla. FERN'AN

....ioE HOUSE

-W E are prepared to furnish our rricn-ts arid
customers both in tre eity. nd cotintry.
with this cooling and indispensable hiLury, "in
any quantity.
One of ohr company gives his personal atteh-
tion to the receipt of all orders, and to the put.
ting up and shipping nf all packltages of Ic6 in
the best manner, and at at late a moment as pos-
sible, and secure the 8hipmerit of dabi same As
'>. duringg the Stuimner wo siall kbe on handanid
.In fine order) the best quality of
Goshen Butter and Lardi
Vf Our tfrms are CASIH, or good (ity ac-
Orders as above areolicited.
April 10-3hA Iernaoudina, Fla.

LT Tl he frinds of SAMUEL R. PYLES of
Atcu'nta t .6any, announce him as a candidate
*for the Office of MAJOR GENERAL, of the
Hlastern Division of the Florida Mititia on the
first Monday in Ma.y next. te

",V' We are autthorized to announce
Col. A. J. T. WRIGHT, of Lake City, as a Can-
lidate for the office of Brig.idier generall of the
3d Brigade, at the ensuihtijj|tion. April 5

.?' The friends of Col. S. ST. GEO. ROGERS,
of Marion County, announce him as a Candidate
for Major General of the Eastern Division of
Florida Militia, at the election (n the First Mon-
day in May next. mar. 1-te


Attt fidon is catlld to the large assortment ofI

German Zephyr Worsted
Embroldering Silks,

aWoosteMd .
Of all shades and colors: for EMBlt0IDERING.

ss \\ s' KEEPon

^<*^"1 j hox adifeofor-
ent sizes of this un-
rivailled Refrigera-
torfor its frigorific
properties, and
which is so cox-
.. !.ctetly aidapted to
M Fwa-ily, Saloon and
I lote'I use. The lee
Box is made of cor-

ruted zinc, and divides the Provieion chamber
1. ecwo distinct apartments TherDe Box is also
-di'ided in two distinct apartments--the upper
dTorthAD ic and the lower for water, which may
":be drawfir by~a faucet for drinking or culinary
purposes. If is self-ventilating,k and the provi-
iion chambers are free from nmuisture--that be-
ing taken up by the corrugate,1 zinc-, which is ex-
posed thT'-eto. This Rofrigerntor )proves a great
economist find convenience wherever it is intro-
duec~d, and' is eomamended by ;01 associations and
Individuals who have tested it'.- Coll and examine.
'" 'CRI'.AM FREEZERS, furnishe'd to order.
April 19-3mu Fernandina, Fia.

July 7

Y, Proprietor.
7 ; + tt

1H Y V J. H. 4 HOR-Y,0 .
Location Pleasant,teal!th#, and convenient to ihM
June 2 2 17

upon 6th Stt'eet nedt Centre, in Ihe dt v .
of Fernandina, will be opened SMhs M. J.
Pattohj to-morrow, lhe first day ef jtfly.
The Roase has just been eotnpleted-is com-
modi6os, andhpleasaftify sittated--within a short
distance of the


The Steamboat Land'ngs,
Yet far enough removed to avoid thes onbyance
which a very close' proximity to either, would
Every ar'angement has been made to supply
the able with the best which the ,caenn affords,
and he pains will be spared to render ihe guests
of the house comfortable.
A Share of the pfblto 'p1itfonage is solicited
M. J. VATTrOk.
J tm s a o0 t ,; 18 5 9 -- 0 tf

lhead Dresses,
1W,)rstid Shves,


41 tf


r I sul.,riber would respectfully fiform the
T r0ler and Mercants in the Cauntry par-,
,l,.,,), a tna, h s.is ,

are made from the best of Sugars, oard wdllfla-
vored and shape], constantly fresb, n6f wa.r-
ranted to keep well in any climate.
Any orders for CANDY, BREAD or CAKE
ER ICED CAKES, of any description, for Par-
ties, &c., will be put up in the best style, with
dispatch and. at moderate prices.
- In addition to the above he offers-for sale a
large variety of Goods, carefully selected by
himself in New York, and such as are generally,
found in a good Confectionary--among which he
wouli name the following articles :
Choice Segars and Tobacco, together with a fine
selection of- real Meerschaum Pipes, impor-
ted and Domestic Liquors fand Wines,
for'Medical Purposes, Pickles and
Sauces, Nuts, Almonds,Raisons,
Dates, Sardines, Sweet-
meats, Jellies, Teas,
LEMON SYRUP, of his own make, &c., &c.
--- ALSO: --- ;
Toys, Doll-babies, Willow Baskets,
: Work-boxes,; Cabases,
And a great many other Fancy Notions. Piease
give a call and see for yourselves.
6AFCash orders from the country will be
promptly attended to.

March 8


The State o. F _rida--Nassau Colg'
. Spring Term Siuwannee Circuat,.
George W. Call ) |
vs. ,Petition for Partition.',
Steamer Everglade. i
TO Arthur 11E. Coioran, S.. Sne'ldn, I E.
T .... t *"... I.^, ,t l I ,:. r ',r, U -' 4--* f -f"! s, v*

a r e i n.1. n .t .,l ,. ..l." l i,g ,.,t'l t i e ., i ,,,x 'o =-
tition for the Partitiond the Steatner EVerglhde,
ind that the Petitioner will move the said Court
%t the Spring Term thereof, for the appoinrtuntst
*if Commissioners to divide the same nnder-".;2p
Statute in such cases made and provided.
Jan 26-3m Att' s. for Petitioner.


FATTOJRNfev T 1.,4.w
October 13 ly


0 F F I C P& in the Court House, Gairgvillt,
Alachua County, Fla. july 21.-Iy

S. M. G. GARY9
Ocala, Marffn C.';i Flit
LTrWili practice in flhe State and Fedfratxfrt
.Nov. 3 a tf

THE anJerdfgned having removed his rat-
.A dence frf.m Jacksonrille &0 Fernaodina, will
continue the'practi6e ofWfhe taw in all the Courts
of th&Easfern Circuit of Florida, and in the
United States District Court, at St. Augastine.
Address me at this place. 6.,
Att'y at Law, and Solicitor in Cihaneefy.
Fernandina Sept. 26th 1857


ZC-R1 E M 0 VA L._
i Fernandina, Fla.-
T IIE subscriber has removed his shop to the
residence of Capt. Burn, opposite the Rail
Road Depot, where he is prepared to repair
in a workmanlike manner, and on the most rea-
sonable terms. All work warranted if well
OLD GOLD and SILVER, taken in exchange
for work. sept. 15, '59-ly
$50 TO $100 PER MONTH 11
AN energetic young man is wanted in each
section of the South and West, to act as
agent inein easy and useful business, by which
the above wages may yertain'y be realized.-
There is no humbug here. d For ful
*irtieu a-s, terms, &c.,address (incluAing stamp
to pgiy return postage) W. R. TERRY,
Jani 5-32 tf Rockingham, N. C.
IX months arker date I will (as Administra-
trix of the Eq e e "f Jo)-n A. Cavedo,) pre-
sent mi" account and ..v-ucher?, to the Judge of
Probate of Nassau Coupty, for fiaal settlement,
and will at -the same ti pe, nk to be discharged
from the a-hninietratuni"J'f ,,id Estate.
Jan 26-6m i i Administratrix.
3Fcmrx ||5zfle,.
A NEGRO WOMAN wabout thirty years
IL of Age. She is a. excellent hoube-B%
servant and is sol. & fo fault F" fur-faut.
ther particulars apply J. TAYLOR
-Oct. 20-22-tf Fernandina.

OFFEBS his Professil nal services to the citi-
zens of Feruandina jond adjacent country.
; Dr. C. will be found at|Dr. Cohen's DrugStore
during the day, and &0 the Pioneer Hotel at
night' feb.16-38-tf
IBooks, Iymn Books. &c, &e,,' it

Lime -andi Hay!
00 Casks Fresh Bu nt Lime,
300 300 Bales Superior Hay. -
For sale by ROUX & Co.,
J~an 19-tf Fernandina.
Lake City, East Fla. Lake City, East Fla.

Lake City, Columbia county, East Fla.

Ferinandina Female Seminary,
T he second year of this flour-
fishing Institute, under the superintendence
of'f tiss E. P. BROWNE (late of Charleston,
S. C.) will commence on Monday the third of
< !.. e r 1 8 5 9 .
The healthy and romantic location of this de-
lizffnful city renders it a very desirable point for
a Fenmale College.
G.i,,l board on ;a.sona.ble terms can be ob-
tairieSd in private families, or with the Principal.
Ab;,- good media attendance in ease of ill-
Itas the design of the Principal and Teachers
to m-ake school a home, and study a pleasure.
Superior advantages for Music, Drawing and
Paritting. Every thing will be done for acquir-
ingij horough and accomplished Education.
ljl|citizens of Fernandina generally.
$ Bishop Rutledge of Florida,
Rev. J. B. Campbell, Charleston, S.C.,
Rev. C. P. Gadsden,
Rev. Cranmore Wallace, "
Dr. Wm. M. Fitch, '
Professor Guenebault, and others.
Jpe 16 1859. 4 6m

Their Stock consists in part .Af
Ladies' Dress Goods,
White and Colored Brillia-nts,
Fancy and Mourning Prints,
White Goods, -Hosiery, Domestics,
Ladies', Gents. and Children's,

Boots, Shoes and Gaiters,

Building-and House Furnishing
X- cL 3r cal' Nv i3r ,

To which they invite the attention of all.
March 22 43 tf


Oct. 20


T[ E subscribers have on hand a ST I LL
.]-- which they desire tosell. It is nearly'new,,
having been run only one year-in size it will
hold-, fifteen barrels, and is complete in all its
fixtffres. We will sell it on six months time by
glv.ing good City acceptance. Apply to Roux &
Co"-, Fernandina, or to F. M. Myrell, Steamboat
Agent, Savannah, or to the subscribers. .
Waldo, Fla.
[iprJacksonville Standard, Savannah News,
,aN dCharleston Courier, will advertise once a
week for four weeks and send bill to this office.
' Feb. 16 38 4t

WM. TEMPLE, Adm'r.
43 td

Mar. 22



Will be sold in the Town of Ualdo, on the 21st
of April next, the following described property
to-wit:-EaAt half of the North east quarter,
section 30, in township 7, S of range 21 E,
80 344100 aeres.
Will be sold in the city of Fernandina, on the
5th of May, the property below specified, to-wit:
Lots 27 and 28, in square 13, 25 feet on Centre
street, 100 feet deep..
No. 29 in the same block, bounded north by
Centre street, 100 feet deep.
Lot N0f. 4 in block No. 50-being 100 feet
front on Ash, which" bounds it on the South and
100 feet on NoYrth street, which bounds it on the
M: +43 td

T Y Se.hr. BI.,'k.-rJ, l'r.j& Baltimore,
Y10011 lu-hei BE:'1'Tl WRITE CORN* 1
5. 0 b -rrels FLIjL'R "
,-Jach 15.,; BROOME & THO4PSON.

T E Fir o VERT
by milunt consent; -
:xfter will bo d..oe in the

.......... WOOL DfAINX&,

THE citizens of Fernandina a-e informed that
I will deliver LUMBER of all descriptions
at the Rail Road Depot in Fernandina, at the rate
of $14.50 cents per thousand feet. I will
guarantee said Lumber to be of the very best
quality, free from all imperfections, and of uni-
form thickness. I will deliver the rough-edge
plank, suitable for out-buildngs, for Seven Dol-
lars per thousand. Cash must in all cases ac-
company the order. JAS. PICKLES,
July 14-8-6m Starke, Fla. R. R.

Administrators Notice!
A LL persons indebted to -the estate of J. J
Smallwood, late of Waldo, Fla., docoased,
are i.!u,?-tcd I.- make immediate payment and
those hw, 6o f.lam- against said e&tAte, are re-
quessiklt., p.> i.r P-, them duly athentioati-,;
within the time prescribed by law.
WM. C. TEMPLE, .Uw$-;
Mar. 1-40-t" W al.I., ,la-


ontractor and Bufllr,
Plain and Oriime.il. .Grates, pills, and.
lanr iv+orl,




THIIE subscriber, having been connected with
JL.the Florida Division of the General Land
Office in Washington, for the past seven years,
would respectfully inform the citizens of Florida,
that he has established an Agency at Fernan-
dina, for the transaction of public Land business
-before"the Ueneral Land Office.
He will itten0l.to contested cases, cbrrecting


T] H E undersigned hae thi -day .ffln
Formed a copartnership under the
name and style of the above entitledB J
firm, for the purpose of carrying on a
They will keep always on hand a good as-
sortment ef

11 business entrusted
s of Nassau, Duval,
, Columbia, and Ham-
Circuit. Also, in the
ts. mar. 22-ly

date of this notice,
ade by pe, to the
Alachua County, at"
sell the eal Estate.:
said Couinty, dcc'd.,
e'-debts of said J. J.

WitV promptly attend to .
to thyr care in th Count)i
MaridI, Sumpter. Alachua
ilton ,'uinty, -,flthe '. ;ddl6
Un'tC I Stu.va lstricL Cout

'11IRTY days after the I
applicatio\ will bo
-ion. Judge of TProbate," -
Gainesville, for authority t(
of J. J, Smallwood, late of
for the purpose of painxg t
Smallwood. W
Mar. 15-4t

RAL cash advances on any quantity of
cotton shipped to'their friends for sale in Sava&no
nab, CharlestonNeww York 9rLiverpool -"

IErrors of EDtry ,n.l Location, perfecting Gra- T>T'y Cr OCB;S,
.Pduation and Pre-emption untrics, and Armed 3D -
+O+ccpation Claima G 0 0 :E3M 0 C :3 E :L I X 30 9
Attontiwfi also given to prosenutlitg Bounty
Land, and Pensio .laimsi; purchasing, selling, A17-S0W SA SkBW e
and locating Land Warrants, and all other bus! an everything in their line needed by Mer-
ness relating to Puhlic Laaiad. :.hunts and Planters generally, whbih they will
Fernandina, D. COAN18T. sell aC l w nas can be huaght in tho market for
Fernandina, !at Dec. 1859. ^ r P od c .J
&j" Cash or Country Produce. -f"
R E F E'R E N C E S: In addition to their Ooenral Business, they
Hon. S. A. Smith, Commis'r. General Ia" OMPOe. Will alSA. do a
Hon.J.S. Wilson, Acting Com'r. 1 t. Recei ing, Forwarding Wtd C^mmissioln
Dr. Wn V. H. Brown, Chief Clerk Pabltc Lanm6. BUSHilcS.
Hov. D. L. Yulee ......... Hon. Goo. S. IHawdira. ._'Strict attention pail to the rale of Cotton
Hon. G-eo. W. Call_...... Ex-Gov. J. E.];r,:,om<. land ,tl.Imr rr.:,Auos.
& pI P,,i- R,.- T1---.1 Vi:--' i.-! r\'v Y roomP.rR

Fresh Corn andG rist, Low
TIE public are Mnti Bed that I
Lion, and fresh Meal, Grita fr
at nBy time and in j7ew
91hipped l09 order. itf8 |1
. ]p n, and A&. G,1 4'1-*-",fB tB~


Consolidated T T .1,E PAVILION HOTEL.
T e\m m, vrv T ^..IGNENIN. BUTTEBF]LIELD, Prprfetor,
S '1']''& '0 .* e andAUSED'bythe large, weli assorted, andL. B, krop fet r
M cheap stuek of C ]- A It L, S T1 0 : 4 C .
Authorized by a special Act of the Legislature, Dec. f. 1& y
for the benefit of Academies and other purposes. 9 E P UY L E
MACON, GEORGIA. Miscellaneo0 i d 8cli.,l Bjfok's, se

lahree Planl^y JITST+. RECElE 238 KING STREET, (in the Bend)


Fervandi sa Book Stofe!
Consisting of Ebr.uv, Tearl and, Silver Pen Hold<
ers, Qold and Steel !'en, C" r.) Cases, Visiting
Cards, Chess-men iawl I V. jBack-gamfimon
Boards, Dominoes, &0,&c. "
Ladies' Port Folios, Lad. "'. ...r13 Boxes, and
many other arti',les.

Waverlv NoveNs-coomplete Lib try style:
Works of Mrs. ltcntz, Mrs Sout: worth, Dr.
Dick's, Dickens, T. S. Arthur, Libt,.ry Edition
of all the Poets Ir, fact, almost anything you
wish, sold at harleslOii and SaVttlnnah
Prices. Call atnd give me a trial.
P. S.-Pahroni2e ytif own Mten aud buitd -p
the great Southern? City !" mar. 15-6m

" ARLY in April, *. "iit commnenco the pub-
Jj lication of a D \[L PAPER in Fernan-
dina, to be called the

The paper wilt% LTRA Southern in senti-
ment. and strongly||oeioc.atic in principles. It
will be at the sa ii.ne Irlflr, elass cornmercittl
and literary papeD;ving the very latest Tele-
graphic intellig0"^ ,tter by 2AI hours than can
be received by'\ S -pthe Savannah or Charles=
ten papers).
The subscription pr'e will be Siv.D,,1l.ir' per
annum, paysible invariably in" a.-- me.
Advertisements will be inserted at the usual
0.*'?Subscriptions k+-.invited.
F,=-= .ll Comrmunications to be addressed to
W. 11. BABCOCK &-CO.,
or, Editors East Floridian.
N. B.-All eopies/ot the paper sent to those
who have not paid in advance are gratis.
Feb 23. 39 tf

F try School will-commence on Monday, the
' IF 1 -'instant, and.continue twenty weeks.
Tuition, per Session :
Reading, Spelling and Oral Arithmetic..$12.00
Geography, Eng. Grammar, Arithmetic,
History and Composition.......... .... 15.00
Higher Mathematics and Natural Sciences, 19_.00
Latin, with the above .................... 20 1.11
French and Greek, esira-each .......... 5.00
Music on P ano................ ......... .. 20.00
Use of instrument....................... 2:50
Payable One-Half in Advance.
Ifaving obtained Female Assistants, and in-
tending to increase the corps of Teachers as the
school demands, Ihope to receive a liberal pat-
ronage in both
Good Board in private families can be had on
reasonable terms.
E_'A few Boarders will be taken in the fam-
ily oj the Teacher.


( Uartletts Patenu*)--'

A PERMANENT situation is wanted imme-
diately by a Scuthern Lady, to take charge,
or assist in the Music Department of a large
School-one in East Florida Ig preferred, but
will not object to go to- any other part of the
State. She is thoroughly qualified to teach the
Piano, Guitar and Singing. Also, sacred vocal
music in classes, and is an organist. If desired,
she will impart to her pupl a knowledge of
Newborn, Newton Co., Gco.,
Feb 2 36 tf



Genuine Chemicals!! .

Imported and Domestic Perfumeries!

BEGS to inform the citizens of Fernandina
and Eastern Flofta, tonerallyj that he is
how prepared to furnish them'sttuh goods as are
usually to be found in a

First Clas Drug Store,
Every article has been selected by him with
the utmost care as to QUALITY, and h6 flatter
himseU4 that hi& long experience as a. Physician
has enabled bhin to use such care as. will recom-
mend his goods toPhysicians" and those desiring

Pure Medicines.
Having ,r)mbased hi .goods for Cash., ho has
concluded t.o nd,'pt Ihe CASH PRINCIPLE in
selling, and will not hW undersold in any South-
ern market.
87-A call is respectfully solicited by
- [7 Physlclans Prescriptions put up at
any hour of the Day or Night.
Nov. 17 26" ly

Utti ta so 4: 1 ru
Having engaged one of the most experienced
caterers and cooks of the city of Charleston, lie
pledges himself tf,,t every effort shall ibe made
to gratify the pailates and proinoto the comfort
of his guests.
Will constantly be received by the daily line of
stniamers from Charleston. "*'
PRTV A+',- ;.O*;0lS
-For parties pr.'.r,"i "'' a n-ttontive sorvants al-
ways e, h;ll,,.:'-\ ,!".l ': ... W,

Of PItELAN'S make, has been placed in the
second& story.
By unwearied efforts to please, and a deter-
mination to keep his table supplied with the
choicest an d finest comestibles, he hopes to enjoy
a liberal share of the public patronage
'"2March 2") F. J. CLARK.

Fresh Arrivals

Would respectfully announce tPh! )lthe have

.H.A.WA R...,.


Remarkably Low Prices !

SSegars, Tobacco and Snuff,


Ang. 11 12 ly

May 26 I

WILL. practice in the Superior fC6trirs of
Glyni, Charlton and Camdem, Georgia
and Dural, Alachua, Columbia, Nassauo and
Marion, Fi,4ja. I mch. 17-1y


Boots and& Shoes, Hats and-Caps, Crock-
ery a:,d Glassware, IHardware and
Ci~tlcr-' Clothif. SaTld~ory
egry .1!, Glassae Hardwareandita

And a great variety of other articles.
All ;f[ which arc offered very low in ex-
change for CASH, COTTON, NAVAL
April 12 46 tf

WE have just received by the *Barquel F.
400 bushels Egyptian Black Onts.,
600 do. super Dark and White Oats.
It,0 do. -See&* Rye.
25 barrels Super Fine Plour.
6) do. Extra Family Flour.
100 do. Super Irish potatoes.
10 do. Onions.
10 do. Apples.
1000 lbt. BUTTER.
" + 400 ibs. (EwSE.
1500 lbs. LEAR LARD. "
350 Bales Hay. '
5000 lbs. BACON.
2000 lbs. HAMS.
25( Pairs Extra Negro BLANKETS ;
Clothing, Furniture, Kerseys, Oonaburgs,
Brogans, &c., 8w.,f
All of which will be sold
Or, in Exchange for Cotton.
Oct. 20 2, tf

FULLY inform the citizens of Fernandina
and surrouuding country, thbit there, have mt
opened a ..
x=ax ovxtsxOw,


rGrocery Store,
where wIll be constantly on hand the -following
articles, vi :--Flour, Bacon, Pork, Fish, Pota-
toes, Onions, Teas, Sugar, Loffee, Cheese, Btittev;.
Lard, Soap, Candles. Syrup and Vinegalk Atelo
Liquors and real Havana Segars, nafl other
things too numerous to mention. County ordered
promptly attended 4P.
Torms Cash. JAS. J. KELLY & BBlO
December 1 I6to.

Administrators Sale, +
W"ILL BE SOLD in the Town of Waldo, on
the 21st, of April next, the following de-
scribed property, to-wit;: Lots one and two, in
block 19, Lot 10 in block 16, 86-100 acres,
east half of the South east quartet, of section 20,
In totynahip 6, of Range 22 East.- Property be-
jonging to the estate of J. 1. Smallwood.
' -'- WM. TEMPLE, Adm'r;
Mar.122 P td

Will be sold, in the Tcwn of Wtldo, on the
21st of April next, thefollowing described pio-
perty, to-wit;-One large Store House, 1 mile
from Waldo, situated on the' Florida Railroad, 5
acres of land, and two buildings on the south
east quarter, of the south east quarter of sec-
tion 22, in township 8, south of range 21 east,
near Waldo. Property belonging to the estate
of J. J. Smallwood.

Millinery & Dress Making.
HAVING located in the City of Fernandina,
is prepared to furnish the Ladies of the
City and vicinity, with the most approved
styles of
Flowers, Laces and Embroideries,
with.inhany other Fancy Articles-wholesale or
retail-on the most reasonable terms for CASH.
3 Orders from the country promptly at-
tended to. feb. 16-38-3m


Ladies' Dress Good,

General Commission Iferchants






[H AVING prmariently in Fernaudina,
reapectfully offers his s. oes in tba q t-
ticea of:$.
+to tie^ uahabiltntsa of thei citv a lt^.l vi;-lf..


- n . i I n n p .. . .....--.. .-I.I




We would call the attention of our Country friends to our large and well selected stock o

.Mc F= LXri' Cr cf "F MW X---

Family, Dress and Plantation Goods.

Our DPESS STOCK is supplied with all the newest and rkil,'pa Stylesof +tfe Season, together
with a large assortment of s!" .- -. -'.


Are supplied as far as practicable, from SOUTHERN FACTORIES, and will be sold at the LOW
Our extensive assortment of Dry Goods embraces every variety and style for Family and Plan
station use, and will be sold at the very LOWEST CASH PRICES.

Miller's Almanac, for 1860,
with a list of our stock, ran be had as usual gratis, on application to
257++King Street, corner of Wentworth,
Dec. 15-30-6m / I CHAURLESTON, S. C.

f -of the
, "ll .Dllruiueo or a. a ,rer of the ^..jg--.hi
4[t ~ilted States Ditdrict Court, iBE
rr Ihe Northers District of Florida, it, a certain
kdmlttlty cruse pending injid Court, wherein
. H. .. Cole and othere"I, j ibellant, and the
tlfamer Everglade is Heslpdeant, 1 ill expoee
iSteamer with bet'feekel, apparel and fur-
niture, to the highest bidder, wheie she now lies,
at tli mouth of BLick Creek, St. Jhn'a Iftiver,
twenty milem ebo'ie Jngkfpfltfte, 'on rT.Asda.a
the 22nd day ul'fMay neft.
." E. K BLACKDUrlN, U. .'( M
per WM ,ltjIOTKE, Deputy
.April 19 47 tf
tSt'" Xg.ots for fSale.
.rP (CF valuable lols In this City, Lots No 20
L' A. and 21)j in Block 1, situated on tile corner
of Second nnti Ahiclhia Sireet- Ap| 13 to
Aug.,,4- I tf. TA.YLOIr, BCECh'i ,\M & CO
SIX miontba rifter date, I will, as Administra
tor of the Estate of Leroy J. 1iagin, present
my account and voucif&'s to the Jud- o of Pro-
bate of Nassau County, for final settlement, and
will at.the same time ask to be discharged from
.the administration of said Estate.
+ t JOHN H..- B. HAGIN,
Oct.'20-22-6m Administrator.

A *^out 20 years of age, dark eomplex-B
Ion, With a tlemish in ono oye. She form- k .
orly belonged to W. Clark, Gainesville, Fla.
A Reward of $25 will be paid for her delivery,
or if stolen, 3200 for the thief. She is now own
. ed by H. WESTBERG & CO.,
Fob 23-39-tf Micanopy, Fla.

The Last Notice!
ALL persons indebted to the subscribers, are
hereby notified that unless payment is
made before the Spring Term .of Court, their
notes and ac,.-unt, wdll be most positively placed
in the hands of a Lawyer for collection, with in-
structions to bring suit without any discrimina-
tion. Longer indulgence cannot and will not be
Gainesville, Fla., Feb. 1, 1860. 36-tf

:he next ordinary drawing of the Royal Ilava
na Lottery conducted by the Spanish Gover-
nment, under the supervision of the Captain Gen-
eral of Cuba, will take place at Havana,

_ _____ ~~___~_ I




A P 0.. .HECA.R.Y' l^^^l....THE ELI' AMMAN.
Fernandina-and Savmnah N ,NA SAU .,UT*LA
-obe ol n hrdS*'~ -7. -C .- -~-
Corlner e" ,A and Third Streets, --.-- -TE.Rs:--$2.00 per anm'.m in adranme.
___---n--_ SCAIE e1O'PRIlES
17LJiTHI E is kept : -_
c .statlyon FEIGHT AND PASSAGE To be charged by te -Press of Florida for of-
hend an full assort-o| ery description of Advertising.
R i.,f.'- E: -DUU lS.inare. (,cWeal,.irglthe spaceof12
aofQT ,DI .-_r T Brevi(-r line8,orless )I.insorlion, $1 00
o f '1!= '^ -^- T-!-'I.,llE, Ail1.ND ELE.;.NT ;.I,r etcry u,,l cnt insrtion.. ,. 0

&G, i & f^ '~ ^ <^ gi:'*s~- of the best quality. 6--;44,,- =- 1 6 ...................... 8 00
Prescripti,.,is put up with Care. y ;??E=^:?f :_:_.- I 1 year....................... 12 00
r ,.. -,,'. 2 .....7 .{ ,. "- ::__- ,. 1 ,..... 2
-- A L SO i J1 a- -.. 2 0 0
--/--if-' U +k'-' .:+-i/'/'-'+-M9 '- .,S '* 5t ++ +1 "i 00
r P erfum cry; Lul-.o's C 11., ,7 I .l w.+y .n ---. P ,.,.>m t iii .- z> ^ ^^_^ ^.S a ,g ^ ^. ..';-- .. ....... ........ ........--" 0 -^
4. .1 ........ .................2 00,
lIain Tonics, Sbaps, in variety, Hair Brushes, -A. 9 6c" "-"' 4 ... g o
Cloth Brushes, Tooth and Nail Brushes, --- '.:.. -r_ & ^ ^ .o ;.'. -' .: '" .
Shaving Brushes. --,3 _-. u ...................---.1-2.".1.
... ..s ~ ... ..... .. 1-2 1 ....................... 60 00
-ALSO 12:1)0
Dye Stuffs, Paints, Oils, Burn.ng Fluid, Spirits A U G U ST 1 ". V .. ... .................. ;. 100 00,
Turpentine, Varnish, Paint Brushes, Yel- I-'toi!e a:,,lr Legal Notices to be
low Ochre, Whitipg Spanish Brown, G cared Che satrit as traisie 't
White-wash Brushes--GLASS of charged the saide ai traiisieol
all kinds, Glue, Chalk, &c., &c. Having been purchased expressly for this Route, Advertisements, except Notice of
A L S 0 :-Will be found constantly on hand will hereaiter make regular trips between the Dismissin as .1dimLr;Astralor, fur
Landreth's Warranted Garden Seeds, above named ports, touching at Brunswick and
1tamilton Landing Only. which the charge shall be.. ..... 10 0()
u- Flower Seeds and Roots, Plants. Onion Setts, &c. Leaving Savannah every Monday and Thurs- Advertisement,-handed iln for p ication,
-ALSO-- day, at 3 o'clock, P. M.. ..
The best quality of Old Brandies and Wines, Returning, leaves Fernandina, every Wednes- not spieciO-ing the number of insel.'io/.s,
Porter, Scotch & London Ales, MoInrongaehlai day and Saturday, at 11 o'clock, A. M. to be ptblished till forbid and charged
Portker S a ndW onlfe' schiedam Moongapsl: Making close connections at Fernandina with
Whiskey and Wolfe s Schied .Schnpp .helidaRail Road,. and thence to- all points : in aeco:dance with above Scale. +

in the interior of Florida,.
gPIPassage, $4.00.
I'Freight taken at one-third below present
Cotton from Fernandina to Savannah, 50c. per
Mar. 15-tf Savannah, Ga
S. S. --_I__- .O _.

'--- :" ;- .--.,: ,.-- ..ai


I f ,. .
| V T-:. -ST r,-T'R SE STEAA- *-
.. ^ .-;:- "*-*


Expressly for Invalids and Medical purposes.
London flickles, French and English Mustard,
American, do., Olives, Raisins, Curranti
and Citron.
Center, Table and Mantle Fluid Lamps.
Stationary, Paper. Pens, Ink6 Envelopes, &c,
Almanacs gratis.
A ug 4, 1859 11 '-y

Purify *our Blood


Contra,.t advertisement payable quarterly,
advertisements for straageis and Iransient per-
*sons tuyyable in advaime. All oterisa ill ba
considered due when called, fur. "
In ..,nnc.:tiion %mth thb;? e -_ lai:ihment is a DOOK
A JOB PRINTXN0- OFFICE. -here every de-
scription of Piiiiting is executed with neatness
and despateh. Particular attention paid to &I
kindswof Mer,.teinle Pril;ng.

N V:DWorla u1Y
3' yI!E(BURGll, -1H", y. .


BY the Syrup of Saxsaparilla highly concen-
trated with the addition of Iodide Potassslum,
...nlh-.:.i with other vegetables and rooti, form-
ir., .:.', ..1 the most efficient alteratives know to
the M.:.i,..al Faculty, in removing glandular ob-
stru. it. i,,-, promoting the discharge of ll1 un-
healthy secretions, thereby restoring the system
to a pure and healthy state, andros a preventive
u.di,:a.p., so simple and safe, that an infant can
tA i[ -v, 0 h the greatest efficacy in eruptions of
the skin, Scald IHead, &c. ; also, in Rheumatic :
diseases. Prepared only at Apothecary I1alli
Fernnndina, Fla., by
Jan lq-3m 111 ,.THOS. MuMILLAN.
A Sure and Infallible CVue for Cho-
lera, Diarrhwa, Dy :y)", ak!
all Bowel Complaints.

THt E su.-.U.-'LT r" l.el' would] l'espac.--
full.. ,.ii,..ui6e to their friends and thefue-
h,. Lh., li. J ii -,; re.-.nti/ ;added t, their lSa... .
i-_liuen i the entire 'oek',f'T ii ,,T r. -,' P- T '-r.
*', '* i ** i l i -.'^ r j ,,i -^ 3

*;.'5" -" :"' c:",!
*" -. ... ? ++ -. -"*"
_- . ..r : w ._ ', .-
'.._ ,- .+ -- -".., .. --i*^ '. '" i ',.
_. %,2 I.. .- ^ ,- _., .--^
": -.' -^' e vi" :
..- -' r ,. d+ 2,' ,i m k'.


2 + v - -" ( rist- ...... ....1,1 .....,a, i.I-I

PASSAGE AND FREIGHT ..r,,i ...,h..
t i ., ] i I i.', l .,n
-E4.OCX'LU C Q"! t.,. i..I. ,. t,,.,,.,. ,.., H.,-,^pr'rH jg
*'* Bai.. Mi~ll ai,.l,'.;,.hi.:.-rl ~l~li -llW BS W -
Cotton taken by this Line, at SIXTY CENTS Wrought and C,-L, Iron Pipe. fr SLteaW, Wateir
PER BALE, and ail Merchandize at r Gas ,: a
very Low Romes. h.,i, "ig, ll.insg-r-, Pull-y,, Pillow Blocks, and
-]- atl d :, n liti rS ( f ecriii,..
T ZEAVE Fernandina daily, (Sunday. x.op- I'Tron ar-d DraR- Cairing{,.f etery variety.
1-d ted) at 4 P. M., or immediately irfter the %%.-,ug-ht and .o-oi IIrn F'.ingp fo-Rail) Road
arrival of ihe Mails and Passeugers by the FH-.,. Cars.
rida Rail Ro:ad. \ Artesian Well Tubes, of0 alsl izes, with ioth
' Passengers for Wi'mington, Weldon, Rich- Screw and Locket Joint.
mond, Washington, Baltimore, Plila~delphia, %\ ,..,nght, and Cast Iron Railing for Fences, Te-
and New Yor,wfwll take the Cars of the 'North randahs,,A. A
Eastern Rail Road, leaving Charicston daily, at All of our work'will1- d.!,leio, ered .,n shipboard
1P. 1M., and I I P .-M .,, c arein ]New York, 'if requi*i ,fl frtie" of, ab extra
Dec. 8-29-3m Azo.'ts Being near the Ciry of Ne,w Tnrl 'Vand d 'ldy
N r SCrHEDU'TLE. communication ih ,ill. p ars 01,, t,.:countrv, the
ANESW SC DULE. subscribers canal, h .i.rL imi ;,.e 'pITlv nalld
T1.' i"1 qF TT T T'\T" ]-for any descrlpti,..n o.f inr.wiic r in "lllggg f
S- "" ,.'* r!'r r.... na\ i, ,| hal to t(, ,| 1. ,lle. 7 ..^
FL9R[DA AND SAIVA."VAH. moth ro.% u..f,,, (-Lr M.ichineryT. ,..*i, ^
+ I'Messrs. Peaeo.:-k & Sk.h, .Ma, -r..n
ST:EAMLF!?S!- COL J- 11- ^ 'Col. J. B. Stanmllky. New,',rl:.'
STEAE. ll, E.q, Linlc Iv,.r Ci,^^^
; .... Meks's AnderQ,,n & I~ulh-ck e.V,-
: "i ,-G. VV -. ;ah .t.;'a+.

SJ..G. n,
" ".^,;. *-'+ '" ^'T -.-^*',^""'';''^ .?'^ -Messrs. Brooje A Th.:.inf..+,,,, of' ,. 1-. f
will act as 6Ur age.rt1 l(r tm e .Mate of "- -'--'
rTi T jA .= v ;.,E and keep cois,.,nt,., odn'h-in.. Sugar. '., f
Plantation U"e ilh Pans, Buileres, &a.,, --"
+" 1. __ +<--.^ --+^ +Mr. E. R. Bell, or Nli,:-an1.vy, will ah...'-"Jl
r. local Agitt-r' for recei% ing utdera .11Ad i ,.'- ,"
~0 1 Tn JT\ 7 '""++'iTrv +-
U + J IAny-order tranr.,:ited ihr,,ugh ouY0 '.t.-g-t'- f-"
above, will'+ite;ve ,.ur pr'uipt airentif`n.
Leave Savanna,, every WEDNESDAY and It ST.\AINTI &, C' &

CIOLERA SYRUP, prepared from Rof4te-nnd,
Herbs, and arranled purely vegetable-all
the product of the South, am never known to
faith in curing the mnost inveterate cases, Nwhen
used according to directions. It- combines-Tonic,
Stimulant and Astringent pri, ciples, consistent
with the Laws of nature in restoring the stomach
and bowels Lo ouatthy action. Prepared only at
Apothecary Hall, Fernandin., Fla., by
Jan 19-3mn T110S, MuMILL/N.

T HE undersined _
_L execute aul kinds _,a -. -._.
rrn XT rT '.r ,m T. f...--,_ =.'.I-- P


Blankets, Plains and Kerseys, Brown and Bleached Sheetings and Shirtings, Plaid HIomespuns,
Plain and Striped Osnaburg.- r Q'
We would respectfully inform outrr ailonds and the public generally, that we keep at a-1, times
-one of the I r ;"--p t.,.._ to be found in'the Southern CouRtry,. and confidently invite an examina-
tion-W iit, both as r.t-.i. d.id Stk e;.-:Ld-Pr;,e.:.

Dec. 15-30-6m


n-s tiharlestup, S. (C..
/ed T N \ITES the attenrion, I' pur, haiser,- of Piar.,r
to his St,,ek of the wide-known, superior and
dur ble mi.hkers, DUNHAM &.-MUNNS. fo-
e y i;t .... .Instruments
raiwvoevery modern improvement, na ar, tWily
ra.-Pianos palickd frte ,.f-cLa-'g.
; ec. 15-tf -*G P. 1._-.

A Political, C'ommerclal aud Literary
Newspaper, ..
Published Daily and- Tri-' 1 'f-ely.

USUAL ear'netire;.- in ,..,hitieil matters. The
raid of JIGNN Bnvun' vid tbh asr-pathy ac-
corded lotlini(*,iui*lugh,.,ul theNojrth, h.ive opened
the eye, k-" thi S..,uhfern p..ople to the dangers
that menaeo their ,:i\ il? ititn, and have essen-
tially contributed to iid.-rn the breach Letween
the sections c-f the U'ai.n The- Convention of
the National Doain,..:,'ati.; party, to sit at Charle-
, too in April. will detericine the destlnyof that
great organization on atn important: occasion.
From its dellheratn,.ii, will be seen, whether it
stands true to vit.il cuwiititiuional rights of the
South, where its strerigth e.\init; or-.hether, by
ttaciLcorsenr, yi*.lditig ihese 1. urii--lavtry al-
li'es at the North, wilere it is ali,,o.r p.,.,werle3s,
it will seek offii. il ; ucce+, de %,id of princIple,
adil fall before tho condeinicalon of a hbitrab,:,l
South, with a FoiltLeru party risine front its dis-
orgpniztion. After the <:.n:einn will cowi-
mence the seitiunal struggle of the Picsidential
election, hich way tuii, the -.'ale in favor of
northern mastery in the Ooverau, en, briii1i1ing
lubjugation for the South beneath the iTva.y of
the hosilth niajurlty. In f ILali" .-O lull nf g'lret
events and'so pregnant Wtih gnjd [t willi (vil f.,r
lhe.future, political principles berimub of giv-n,
.moment, Und Siate pI.,ltiet are re(,.gnized as
topics of keen intlrt;.l Iu all who ire 11oriby the
name of citizens in a e,inlederate,il Itepublican
Government. I .. .
The AMercuy represent; Ihe St tae R;ghts resis-
tance element of the South. Ili F.,litical creed
iconsmitl idtibe principles of the Ilewocratli Party,
as laid down in the Virginia and Kentacky De-
mocratic Resoluti'rn5 ,of 179S and 1790-the So-
vereicmy of the Stale,, and Strict Construction
of the Federal Constitution by the General Go-
vanrmont, the Agent of the States: Free Tra.eI,
and,1 no Reonoinical Admiriistration of the Gene-
ral Government, its policy is the Union of the
Southe,'n States in maintaiping their rights and
a8tablishlng their security. -
The jVocury gives daily-reports of' markets
and JManne Intelligence of Charleston and of
Charleston Commerce in the leading seaports of'
the world. The Tri-Weekly Price Current i,
made up with much care and from the mbst re-
liable aources. A vn...netiun with the "Associa-
led Press" insi5res the latest intelligence by
Telegraph and the carliest, news*by Steamers
from Europe. It. has an ,ahle and accomplished
correitiderit in L Iudut, la gentleman connected
with the eaitorial -aff of the London Times),
and regular Corresi. oandeiV in New York, Wash
ington, New Or.eau-', Key West and Havana.
!the 1luothly Fasihion Lelters are an additonat
attraction to lady redders,. Its literary.notice's,
-from the pan of a gentleminan who vcupfie per-
.'haps the highest %muili.,n (nhons tho literary
men of the South are diisctiunmating ind L-i.-
prehenaivc. Attention is paid to all matter (of
general c.ue'ern, tspteei.ll3 thi.>e in riloreuue tu
the South. the Platinig and Agrittullmal untu-
rets, and to ihecurreiit newiof theday. Ureat
eare is taken that nu.tbing shall appear in its
coinain. which should tbe excluded from the
family circle. -
Daily, pW anuum ............. I..... ;$10.00
Tri-W eekly ............... ?......... 5.00-1
Clubs will be fit rushed as follows :
Irive Copies of the Daily for .......... $4. -
Five Copies of the Tri-Weekly ......... 20 00
The name- of no person out of *Charleston will
be entered on ,our b..lhs, uIleuss th,% p.a ment. of
the subseripi'i"n .-c n 'in adunne Nr will
orders frora iith,,ut the ,.it%- tI p bij'ih Adver-
tisemetrs Ma'rriago Noicea ...r Obituaries, be at-
teaded to, unlei [ the cxsh, or an a.:c.:i.jiI.ale hiiy
reference acomp-iV the order. M.,ney may
always be forwarde-d at our riik in regiAired
letters. '
l.4W Poltmaslters are Euth,,irz.| t lu a4 a ciir
Agepts in obtaining subscrLrihcr and f.rm.irdiag
tihe money ; and may retain Twenty per eCInL. ,f
S'- t pre-paynients i;)r ieir trouble.
.In the Stale, bMr Sam3 el E. Burgoge ie. our
..regular Agent tr, iuake ellations and prou'u
bu~nsarei subseripti,,ns.
Charlesta, Mr. James D. Budds, conneat-
iS "4 the jlke is o-ur regularly authorized
i hwo hu full power to receipt fNr moncy
he papere, iw~d a c.ittract. fur future

JOHN KENIFICK ............ ..W. AAsW SERINE, If. D. I ^ I i*' M 1 T IO I N'S, E H' <=.- o .. V +-T
ki FlI C &r 5 MlillJNE:, The Perfection of SRipIc Arrangement and such slO0FI'NG &" *.*A'. ,:-+.
.4 IS ATTA1NFED B3Y THE r emlig ''.L '--'-''^ .* -**'
D R ,I P PWS A,.IC-I N-do v-- & B A.K.ER 'S PT.- .-EL Is i A,-
SE "WING '1AINE-Uh-9 SES WekeIpahio
-2:ra..JlLXXE.ejl.:R.,. a ^ Jlv, on hand ,all de,1r,,3riptiin of STOVES. We anlso
-- ------ A T O -" n-b f-b.+ PCS....., *-_ .... IN *,ifEIR .. *' 'maalifaeiri," *-i'k-, I eep always for sale, Whol-
l"AlR'IKia, filj&, lli, .*-s3" ......I,, ', U i-,<,.......P"o T ...'... sale a ;t verv vnietv nf TinWar and
N D r', . ... .- _- _- -- - : I - ; .., -; -. fu i ,i .; "
+, +.P ^ -C+l ,,,,lS -,,S ,X S i'",f have til e <,l,'Vl In. *I.].., over all ot el ++++ty ., ,it.ria ,-;
,+'e'S g. -i.,S"e'-o /. others :--They haive no pinlJs to keep in or- All ork anted to give satihfaction, and
*'"der; no bobins to wi' t ", '.1al o rders promptly attended to,
On the most reasonable terms."l.- S .wn o tn an^gluigorwaste.of '"Storan ..Shopo ....cond Street, near the R. "
liread; -ni(oo ling trio thread or work; no tool R. Dyepo.nd t,. . .., .. .
NO. 860 KI:NG STREET, .|eststocked with wrenches, pliers, pickers,. o ,P .. ,
+ (LATE IAVILAND'S), le, t'il er, &. & c. Frnandina, Fla
A .- H. .A N 'T h e in c u r e ti on s a r e s im p le e a s ily u n d e r s t oo '), O ul 2 .19" "
C11A R and easily explained hy the instructors. There July 2. 9 tf
I L8.N ., i.ns taking apart, cleaning or rolling. They .
Dee. 15 30 tf require ten drops o. oil per day, when in con- *A,-j,'**". l +
stant use They make no more noiso than a. VO'^ [ P(MARIA, S.'CA .,?,'^
CO -MPOUND FLUID EXTRACT 01F i common clock, even when making fifteen hundred -w ,- ^'- 75 t$i, y
ar?.~ arila, Qu!11 e ni 's. De~ilight;i*-:c,, ;stitches per minute. They run easy-a child t^iS <-'j
Farsaparilla, Quleens I ll~i,,\, ten years old-can work them to full speed. They N. VT t rSE0 -n- T` I ES
OR Purifying-the Blood and remnovir,? l a1,1;.,. i run fast or+';low without, any danger of altering,.
OR ePsurifying frmthe Bloiadrmpurity III -Es-i~n.. the leii-th"or tightness (if the stitch. They will
andis especially recommended for the iurrit o f H)em, Fill, Gather, Bind, Stitch and Embroider, CATALOGUES SENT TO ALL WHO
I in so superior a manner that we challenge cornm- 'PPL Y.
Rheumatism, Scrofula: Erysipelas, Ulceration or Iparison The aiue MMachine will sow pavilion Ca A i rL IH
the Throat and Legs, Pains and SwellilngS ,I'' gause and plantation-goods. The seam is ela-:(.;' Charleston Agents--Messrs'INGRAIIAM A
the Bones, Tetter, P'imples in tht Fa.:.., aa the most e1li i al'.-,rr.., and will not brn.,k. ,, .W EBB
Old os, d al C u washing or ironing. The same Machine runs lRU*T TREES-APPLE, APRICOT, CnIER-
Old Sores, and all Cutaneous Er up,- silk, linen thread and commonu-pool cotton, with F RI1ES, Nectarines, Peach, Pear, Plum,
tions, Neuralgic, Affections, equal facility.+ The needles are hborter, and Quinces, Figs, Service Trees, &c. All the ap-
Mercnrial Diseases, 1 therefore stronger than any other high or low prove, varieties adapted to Southern culture.
And for assisting the operation and .preventing priced Machine. That, they are superior to all NUT-TREES--Aimonds, English WClenut, or
fata on sseuengies ofMercurials iny iin. others is evident from the fact of tk-ere having Madeira uls,larage fruited Spa"nn Chesnuts,
foatal consequences of Mercurials in Syr S. been thirty thousand Machid PecanNats; all of which bear car.y in our eli-
For, the Composition of this Preparat and in competition with others already il successful mate. .
the Medicinal Properties of tie Queen's Might, operation. The question is nolonger which is the GAPES--Native and Foreign; the best sorts.
Physicians are referred to the 5th and 6tof Nos. best maker, but which of the numerous patterns St.;theIbest variety giving a
Vol. r, of the "*Soukthern Journal of Molcine of BAKER'& GROVER 8iz-al. I take..-' ]1ii.rLI Ir 1.:In* the seast aton ginga
and Pharmacy." T 0 3 1 ..r. I. i E the Sonson. *
The Stilingia Syivatica, (Queen's Dight.) P -ICE .s'.-,O- O TO $130_ .VEg,, k;l;EN 11!EES AND SIRUBS. ROS-
deserves much mor notice than has been be- N. B.-Orders on F ctors taken in paymp-A i.,i h S. T he rgest and most. varied collection
stowel upon it. It has been used forthe last aHiaG, tkAespas, S than ge, and Ros
ten or fifteen years by several of our 1cst dis- IT., W KINSMAN, I tDERose. forfieSd0 a Or..ge, adt Ma-
tinguished Physicians, and I believe h, ha-Ae n forarhee l A,.ne. fr fe ; A rorritaererss, l-
never had cause to denytoWita highrIt-,..rS- Ae r th ah, 0; these ratedc ing". a'g. lleatd
ilS111Cl. LLANEOt-S--Embracn retv-
our inakigenouscmedieal pland tal Ed -7d "_of .J,,n,'yI,f .1 ^.C- ..... n +; sogiv Srsais to
Med. and Phar.) ead B dec.LPnjiD fB- l T H "absrbehaving sold out their ennd other Garden'Rloots,
JKENIFIC? K & AKRIN 24 King St resr a.stn-,C. %,f'tr whii asee CatalogueS
O/eis~ & D'u~~t& .. "DR. THOS. McMILLAN, P, 'M., at Fer-
. - de c. 15-6m D B .'H A E-s ,lena er
Sole, Proprietors of the celebrated III t be tnea, sa oy Agertl d Df orders fled
PALMEfTTOYEAST P0WD11fT jl E ,,,,.1, bepr ao gti1V01,satisfacind toc
Fo .r making Buckwheat and all kinds of akc, pi r schua- ane r st'ge atsatint
Biscuits and Light Broad. dee. BS-11 HE subscribers b~aving sold out their entire "WIALrSUMMER,
T-_Lstock ef CUR-TAINS to"Mvr. H.'WKINS- -iWn,.SUMMRC *
J.E UA E MAN, would rebrpe,,[.rit Iuly solicit for him aeon poutinal ,,
J.E U R S tinuation of the patro%,Iage so liberally besto 'ed Dec. 23. 1858-...tf
282 AND 284 KING STREET. on them in that depADnt. A we
' rn;u e,+ +Is++oze +CEDAR KEY9 MAILS:
which he is constantly receiving by every arri- THEn TAGES will leave Archer on the 1st, or 2nd,
val from the North, and principally trom .the 0 QtA6Ew and 26th, on the 1st, ond,
best manufactories in New York, consistinfg.of S r&K i ? ^ 12th, I6th and 26th, of each month, on the
B>.sewo-d. Walnut.. Oak and Mahogany Furhi- arrival if the Cars from Fernandma.
.- .COIjpRI$ING a esnxdy
ture ; Parlor Setts, in Broatelle, Reps and Ilair ARRIVE at Cedar Keys next day.
Cloth; also, large assortment of Enamel ham- Brocatelles, Saten Z)eLanes, Lace and Muslin" CONNECT on the Ist and 16th, with Steamers
her Sctts; together with a general assortment, Curtains, Cornices, |.Pins and Bands, Drapery.- bound to Tampa, Key West and Blavana; and
which he offers in as good and reasonable terms Tassels and Loops. on the 1 2th and 26th with Steamers bound to
al any offer ousgte nded t o h dsath. Gd Ca. oO eSt. Marks, Apalaehicola, Pensacola and Now
All orders attended to with dispatch. Goods RETUhNING, will leave Cedar Keys on the
carefully packed for the country. Hlade and put u in the Latest arrival of the Iavana and New Orleans

ee" is t-- -^ 'w KINSMAN, .AR113 VE at Archer next day by 6 A. M., con-
C) 'O .S* Iea -l--* G 223 Kilg Strdet, Charleston, S. C. necting with Cars to Fernandina..
F i'O J. I. McGINNIS, Contractor.
F O IICI11A Dee, 15 i m E, a, RlC-ADS, & CO.,
flanP lt PmDen 15n .... I_^ .- Agts, Cedar Keys.

FRfDAY Morintgs, at half-past 9 o'clock,
The new Iron Steamer, ST' MARY'S-Capt.
The favorite Steamer, ST. JO IN'S--Capt. N.
- Leave Sitvanrah regularly as above for Pa-
latka., East Florida, touching at all the principal
They will arrive at Fernandina every Thurs-
day and Saturday mornings, in time to connect
with the Trains going West.
lReturning they will leave Fernandina every
Friday and M1onday afternoon, after the arrival
of the Train, and arrive at Savannah every Sat-
urday and "uesday mornings, connect- -.,'ith
he Steamers leaving: Sawtnnah, Saturday and
Wednesday, :-.r Ntw 1',rl: and'other Northern
ports, and Steamer Gordon for Charleston and
RailRoads North and West-,---" I
These Boats have been -built expressly for this
Route ; are commanded by careful and experi-
enced Captains, and have. large and elegant
State Room accommodations f6r.Passengers.
F or furt her ,,rl il ia r ir.i 1h( -.4.
('L.-;I['.'[,:; A C^r.NM N III.'M,
Av ,mt. '':,,'.annah.
B. A, (.(ACHMAN,
Agent, Fernandina.
The Boat leaving Savannah on Friday,_ will
stop at Darien, going and returning.
AI :Tf;6, 1860. 48 tf

G.I .r%!M, "
ISAAC -i l<-jr.iN r %% X-.
o. At. CLAlP. may 26-I-tft .

AT a meeting of'. the,,c .lrd ol' Directors of te, "
Florida Railroad C.,mpilny held al t Ffan-
dina on the 7th day ofNovember, D; 1851, the
following resolul ion was adopted; :
SWHHERAS, The work on the Florida .Raiiroad
having advanced to a condition which bingt it inj
co useful connection with the builnes, of the in
terior, and the practicalility of a unccegsrul pro.
section of it Ito Lhe end '.eing reasonably domon-
straicd, the Cni p,,ny. wlIirh hits thas far conduct
ed the enterprise 4-f.us0l.'r that a point has too
reached where they nin,y hope to be mat by the
-confidence ,,.d l UU-q.frailo of the Plaalers a"
merchants of the interi-or.. ". .-
Therefbre Resjlr, d, Tl'.ht the Seeretn b de-
rected to invite+ aubscr'.i. jns leto ih. Stock& of tho
Company upon the same teris _as heretofore, -i
to take su, h steps a m.ay afford the mod; 4=-'
venient ol,i ,rlunt 13m the inhabitCants o ltheST-
eral interested c,,untrie in take Stook.
A true copy from thc minutes. -' *
GE0.W -ALL, Se'y.
In pursuance filtho foregoing resolati
tice is hereby given that the b= thaGoes-
pary arepormanently open atFernandinit' hw
subscriptions may he made either in person -,
letter, the amount of (he present a.sessment .
$1000 on each share of 3104W.. This Compmy
is the owner of town siteR Vf Fernandinkalndpl.-
dar Key, and also 750,000-.scres of flnd, Ie-
perty which had been aF.praiadt stayer ,- '.o
000, and it'is believed that further agwease
offrom $8 00 to $10 00( .," ]..... ,1 lcI. .ffci-t
ent to finish the road.
1Y. -.,C .' ..L '- ''. .- ... .
-.ja *roq6 __ -^
VA LIT..., -- "- 4-

Real- Est" -o v y"
T rHE "ISOLAIN': GI.I A"A'Nr iuated i sl "- -"
East side ol'fthe St John's river below t
late, containing 1000 acres, Iliver front od2-1-Z
miles and an
price very low. Alo -
A Valuable Plantation of 2O40
A acres in Leon County
in good order either with or without negroe '
plIntation fixtures. A rare chance. For furtlm
particulars enquire of
april 7, 18'9-tf BROOMB & THOMPSON.
P. S. A number of lots in this city with.
without improvements for sale. :

4 'Prizes of
8 "


$2 0 Ap'g to $60,000 Prize are 8800
150 + 210,000 0 600
" 125 '- ..., 10,0 "0500
100 ;- 5,000 400
80 1,,000 640
60 3,00 480
50 2,o00 400
40 1,500 320
20 0 8,o00
8 i2t00,000

: $366,040
will be sold
is the risk :.

25,828 Prizes amounting to :
at the following rates, which

Certificate- of P'kges of 10 Whole Tickets, $60
-:;, ; ""' 10 [I ilt" Ti'-lets, 30
+" .:" 10 Quarter Tirlects, 15
S" +, -.10 Eighth Tickets, 7.50
1In Ordering Tickets'or Certificates
-.Enclose the mohey to-our address for the tick-
ets ordered, on receipt of whichthey will be for
Warded by first mail. Purchasers can have tick-
ets ending in any figu re they mav .le'? ignate.
The List of Drawn nunnberl'and Prizes will
be sent t, purehae.s: immedlatiely after the
dr.Awinz. :
The iis-t of drawn'nuubers and pri2ei will be
sent t( purchasers immediately alter the draw-
Those who prefer not sending money by mail,
ean use
whereby money for Tickets, in sums of
Ten Dollars, atd* upwards, can be sent us
from any city or town where Aey have 06
office. The Money and order must be ell
.lo'el in a "Government Post office stanlf-
ped Envelope," or the express company
cannot receive them.
All communications strictly confidential.
Orders for Tickets or Certificates, by
Mail or Express, to be directed
Oclcer S 2 Savannah, Ga.

House Ke ping Articl ': -" t
D U y A T ,,

.- 298 K I| GC '
CHARE" ". :?v ,
C A :L SI .-- "-,, +. u.!*' / y ^
D iE AI.E kD -> -,- :
Britannia an4 El-:, -Tin 13-'. ~ -.-4 ..' "
Japannedw tvWar, -P itrA"l .' -' aryHall, a FRESH
Watr, "I. .1 1, .\ I; D EN-and FLOWER
HOUSE-KLEEr ,PI 1 --";. ...." i h..fthis year-warrant-
O1 L L \- 1 : .....S ,I td114 es,
O F A :, -viti, do., Cabbage, do.,
r- n1I1'. ) .1. Leek-London, Let-
TXNB Jw ."it-I. White, Parsley, culled
O hL' L F\'Er' Dl .S,.l'I1'-1 i l1,r I, Radish in variety,
"' J a l Yellow and White.
W ANTT0 p 'r! +. 't . :-:+'-7 ..Aoothecary Bihl, Furnandilr.

D)^NGr `;TA ^^ T.:--- ^B~: ^
)u.'tRT ST 'A PL'- D -'OTit t ,c"".ntq of the lhne h
-' _1" I.. il kNM, aru it. the hail
T -] AND collection. All peroot|lB
D E S ( : _-. . ......me forward and Eat
yiI D!- E 8- ..no.t.. ice. a
In 'n.y ,,uti'.0 tiee, for which tl- ousts wil efou d
TiIl I nIe'PL.i inA -, I irh or metchnnd'i;.' i k Co.
a t Cl "' o ur .. .. *P '*", .C. B EC H .A
r,4..,,m t+ P.R ,M E & r I rnandiin a^

T HE subscribers having enjoyed a lib-l
eral share of the public patronage, foraS.
which they feel very grateful, would potify the
public by way uf 't:iinger evidence of gratitude,
Ihat tbhy ib.0'e r'iLr eh:ied OVER ONE HUN-
and l':-ie.. kera-ing Ihuir -talls supplied with the
ch.Ace fi-e'4h meats.
-Aug 18-13.tf LA:NG & CO.
BR00ME I TII:'MPSON ) .Nttihmint.
tis. Su'um Si...rn to S191
.WILLMAM "MIZE. 5Bund Fileod 93
the instiltuti~uif this -uit. All parties are
hereby q6ti1h6d thorevf, tbat tLey must appear
and plead to the du..I ,rail,. filed in said case.
October 13 1 BROOME & THOMPSON.
Copartnership Nottce.
H ,E uindersigiied have this
T da.Y f,,rme-l a C'- artu:-rship f,.,r the practice
of MEDICINE aud SURGERY, in uli their

The utmost care taken in finishing the work
in the most perfect style. In" u n o
A~l orders received will be promptly executed
and sold at Savanna& prices
L"^ TSilver Medal awardedhy the South Caro- Southern Mutual Insurance Co., Athens,.0.
lina Institute Fair, in 1857. for the best work. Reserve Fund, i00Q,
REFERS TO : ALBON CHASE, St--relary, .
-Col. A. G. Summer, Marion County, Fla. Augusta lusurance s i t-! [au &tl .' ,- "
Ex-Gov. J. E. Broame, Fernandina, Fla. ."!';tal.T, ,
Co. "c ,.. .--
Col ,,4rlll $ mF'll- -
,-'.I% -,",'. .. ,-

fromw theblesat of VForie- nand American Manrble.


-" ./ .-' + 'r <,

.. *1* *A

,. '' .-^w '"'"*

"+-' *v .^ r "
- **- ". ^i'

in. the State aad thr-ugh,:.ult the
Meebve ou TTri-W. kly ifr their
tewtfuiy eqlsf-tta- cempen-:
I'aiffeprne !, valia by M"iating
Ain B Ra .r. Bh'.J .

D. P. BEAT'1 V, M D.
Fernan.lina, May 26 1 tf
.4.ncy .fr Fairuans arid .o's, Counler ard
F3 40p at', 3-mn0E

A Good assortinohut 'on haud.
: I unhr aftor date wa will (is Execaif.-r
s and Exeu.trix cof the EstateA 1' Thos. King)
present our avrount and \..uhern, t-, the JuJ io
ul Probate 'f *1N.,|4au Cuunt .vy, f'r tital settle-
rmeut, and will at the same line, ,>L u t,' be lis-
oargea-frim the admniifLration of s.iid Eetate.
MARIA T. KING. Exe,:utrii

A % .op
.I. i.nd Is sit"-!Ri nln r '. ,Q
i : hina, rIv:'io. 11^ n j "
"1 i0 0 k* t s :1' .- r e nud
,. ie t .' .-, t, H 3.irlH .... '
.^ U i .iu i.L 'i o ': +
.g 3i.Jir;O ,
f Flr rJla


' #"7'

above named goods, at & N S
gJ'Next to Robert Adger & Co..gM
J. C. LOGAN, Supeit,
F. C. MILLER, .1
E. W. P0OSER,-- -,
Dec, 15-6m JAMES M NELSON.

JUST received a large assortment of the lat t
approved Patent "' t
f..r Cisterns, Wells, Rpilroad Tanks, and Planta-
LIon use.
The Force Pumps are furnished with hose atid
n,:,zlcs, so that by the power of one man, a stream
o* ii, be carried to any part of the largest building,
thereby forming one of the most ready and effi-
iieiit Fire Apparatus now in use.
t-ilers receive from Cording & Co's celebra-;
te-d'l own, Fire Engines. Hrmp, Rubber orLeath-'
er House, Suction Pipes, &b., &c.
Fcrnandinai Jan. 20.
6,)0(\( SACKS SALT, on consignment, must
^WT-9 be sold by

JP'of^ Sale !-

12,000 Acres

0NE u' the Le t timl.-ne.i Tr,.,-,r n-w i, the
counlrt. I jandy to waler, airl hlia greater
portion g,..,ud

Turpentine Land,
accessible to vessels drawing 10 feet of water;
and also, water communication direct to Fer-
nandina. Apply to
At Charleston or Fernandina.
Dea. 8 29 tt
The Fort Ciark Plantation
j-" R 3 ALT ._'-t!
THIS Plantation is a portion ofm# lrSL
the Aredondo Grant, in AI.i-.",pl
chua County, East Florida, altd._

1000 ACRES;
One-half of which is cleared and in cultivation.
The improvements are NEW, AMPLE AND
CONVENIENT-the locality .good, being only
six miles from Gainesville, and three from the
Florida Rail Road, with a Baptist and Presby-
terian Church in the immediate neighborhood.
The character of the soil is pine land-mixed
land and hammock. .
With the place will be sold. if desired, CORN,
FODDER, and tha stock of
LT'Persons wishing to purchase lands in Flo-
rida, will do well to examine the above place
before investing elsewhere.
SeI. Z Fetner, on the plantation, will show
the lands, &c., to any one wishing to buy.
re-For further particulars enquire at this
Office. Nov. 3-24-tft

A LADY Is desirous of obtaining a situation'
as Governess in a private family or as
Teacher in some. School. She has no objectio-
to going into the country. The most satisfac-
tory references can be given. For further infor-
mation apply at the office of the East Floridian.
I Oct 20 22 tf



CH~at~:: :r -STOJ^, j^ii. C*.


We invite attention to our extensive st,-.k of Goods, suitable for Family and Pfantation purpo-
panes, comprising .


Silk RPAhes and Plain Silks, for Evening Dresses, Embroidered and Full Robes for Da., Pl. in
Black Silks. Des. Goods, Plain and Printe6! DeLainot, Phain and Plaid l,plini, French Chintzes,
Best English' Prints, Cloaks, Mantillas and h.,. .1, I.- ii..,' Misses' and Chilhren's H1oope Skirts.
Cloths and Cassimeres, Flannels of every ariei.vy .....', -,J]..,ii's Linens, Be I Blankets and Tickings



Authorized by Special Act of the Legislature.
25828 PRIZES.
More than One Prize to every Two Tickets.,
McKINNEY & A;OC Manawers.
ir % .

H1alveg, Quarters and Eighths in proportion
In the city of Savaunah, Georgia.
Cluss 39, 'to be drawn October 1, 1859.-
Class 40, to be drawn October8,- 1859.
(lass 41. to be drawn October 1.5, 1859.
Class 42, to bf drawn October 22. 1859.
Class 43, to be drawn October 29, 1859.
-- ,i.^ ^.-.^-.' A.... 1 _, ........ 5,.6c,|X
1 .. .of. .... .. is ........ 201000
t ....of.........10000....is........1I0 000
1 ....of..........51000...is ......1'-5,000
l .(i~f .-....4.000....is.........4"000
1 .'; '........c 3., 00...;.s.........3,000
1 ..e.of........ 2.000.. .... .. 2,000
1 ...of......... 1,000..... is....f," 1,000
1 .... of......... 1500 .....is ....| ,oo
1 ... ...t ... .. ... i i 0. ... is.. S .1. 1 ,l
5 Prjiz s ofr.... !.....l..ar ........ 5.-.i1ii.i
ii t"+ ...<*!.............0.1i'.) .rc.......... 5 1ili
2 .- ,ff ............ 4i ii ;r," .......... i-i l
2 ...5 ..... .....300.... are ..........600
' 2 'R ..()f '.... ...... 200.1- .are .......... 400
6 50 ...orf............1. 50...ar,..........7,500
100 ...of.............100-..are ...... 10,000
100 :' ...of.............. 95...are.-...... 9.500
100 ...of ............. 85.-.are ........ 8,500
Approximation Prizes.

360,000 Dollars!

i Prize of, J100,0) 50" "_. 000
t It .. ... .. 5" .1:1.1 ( j 500
1 30,000 13 '31 400
.1 20,000'. .
1 10,000 20Aproximations 8,800
4 Approximations to the $100,000 of $600 each
of $400 to $50-.000 ; $0i)0 to s.53,000 ; 4 of $400
to 320,000 ; 4 of $400 to $Il,021.1.
whole Tickets S20<; Ilalves $10;
Q(uarmers 8.5
Prices cashed at sight at 5 per lent discount.
Bilhi on all solvent Banks Laken at par.
A drawing will be forwarded as soon as the re-
sult.beconies know n.
W Comnuoinni,.,nii.s aldre.].ed to DON ROD-
RIGUiEZ, (care -I City P..-I, "hlirleston. S.C.
nlil the 2nd ofl May. %vill be atti-nded to.





TIIE subscriber keeps constantly on hand, and
is prepared to furnish