<%BANNER%>

UFPKY NEH LSTA



The East Floridian
ALL ISSUES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS MAP IT! PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00054486/00006
 Material Information
Title: The East Floridian
Uniform Title: East Floridian (Fernandina, Fla.)
Alternate title: Weekly East Floridian
Physical Description: v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 63 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Wm. H. Babcock
Place of Publication: Fernandina Fla
Creation Date: April 19, 1860
Publication Date: 1859-
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Fernandina (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Nassau County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Nassau -- Fernandina Beach
Coordinates: 30.669444 x -81.461667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 26, 1859)-
General Note: "Democratic" 1860.
General Note: "Confederate" <1861>.
General Note: Editor: T.J. Wombwell, <May 29, 1861>.
General Note: Publishers: Wm. H. Babcock, 1859-<Mar. 13>, 1861; E.A. Papy, <May 29>, 1861- .
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002057494
oclc - 02702036
notis - AKP5520
lccn - sn 83016245
System ID: UF00054486:00006
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily East Floridian
Preceded by: Florida news (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1852)

Full Text
















FFRNANDINA, FLA., THURSDAY, APRIL 19, 1860.


VOL. I. i


SNO.. 47.


_. .. IJ J. ..L .. rt _


_ L_


,RPM.


'r


40


[From thp Journal of Commerce.]
-Ie Golden Gate.


Far- away 6b the bright Southwest,-
Where the sunset clasps the sea,
/Where the broad. Pacific's billowy breast
R[eam anti'urges in wild unrest,!
TI turn, bright' land to thee !
'And a dreamw of thy skies, and I hy melodies
Comes to my soul, with the cheer
That soft winds bring, in the early Spring,
Saying thilt Summer is near,
So, .GoldenOGate,
I.turn to thee; with a heart elate.


BY WM. H. BABCOCK. ]


Sum Homo et Puto Nihil Humanum Ajenum a Me.


[ TERMS:-TWO DOLLARS, IN ADVANCE.


From the Pittsburg Post.
Owen Stanley, the Gipsy King.
Owen Stanley, the recognized leader of
a large band of Gipsies in this country,
died a short time since at Madison Ind..
and his remains were taken to Dayton for
interment beside those of Harriet Owen,
a Gipsy Queen who was buried there
some two years ago. The ceremonies were
announced to have taken place with great
pomp, and roving bands of this singular
people were gathering at Dayton in all di-
rections to participate in the funeral cere-
monies, which were to be of a curious and
imposing character, becoming the inter-
ment of deceased royalty. a
In noticing the fact of his death, we ob-
serw.v that the papers make no remark up-
on the character, life, and personal history
of the decease,].
The 'Gipsy King,' Owen Stanley, and
his numerous family, have frequently vis-
ited thiq part of Pennsylvania, .and we
know them well. The government of this
peculiar people, among themselves, is pa-
triarchal-theuhlest member af the tribe
or family receiving peculiar reverence and
implicit obedience from all its members.
The Stanley family of Gipsies, of which
Owen was the patriarch, chief, or king,
came to America some seven or eight years
ago from England, by way of Canada.-
The Gipsy King was the father of seven-
teen children, all of whom, we believe, are
in America and living. These with their
descendants, now number about two hun-
dred persons. They still keep up their
nomadic, Gipsey mode of living, traveling
from place to place in bands, subdividing
according to circumstances. The tribe is
possessed of considerable wealth in horses,
wagons, and money, the latter ot which
they are not averse to loaning to persons
in whom they have implicit confidence.-
Knowing themselves suspected, they are
naturally a suspicious people, but when
once their confidence is acquired they are
free hearted, open handed, and jovial. In
all matters of practical life they are well
informed. They drive a, sharp bargain,
are cautious and prudent, and we can say
that the Stanley family have proved them-
selves honest, for in all charges made
against them, which are not unfrequent,
they insist upon investigation and come
out triamp!r.-t. : We rc,>llecl thft at ono
-time, when in this city, a man from Ohio
.swore positivelykto the ownership of a
horse which was in the nssession of a
imner ber of-the tribe ;,:..] ot)I.eiel for sale at
ho l,.su i'ark-t, and ho 1vs arr lted.
After he-had, bY q iiestiurinjf and cross-
questioning, 'indMc>d tihe complainant to
swear-positively that the horse was his
fathers's, Stanley produced the bill and re-
ceipt for the purchase of the horse, gave
bail for a stay of proceedings for a couple
of days, and not only proved his legal own-
ership in the horse but also that the man
who was said to have been its owner still
had his own horse.
When the Stairley tribe, first came to
this country the father and mother 're-
mained in England, and joined their chil-
dren in this country at the request of their
son Levi Stanley, who sent to 'England a
thousand dollars to aid them and some of
the poorer members of the tribe to come
to the United States.
The old man had many valuable articles
which had descended to him from his
ancestors, and which he desired to
preserve as. relics of the olden time. They
were silver cups and silver quarts or tank-
ards, which had been presented to various
members of the tribe by English hoble-
men and gentlemen, as rewards for feats
of agility, strength, running, jumping,
dancing, &c. When encamped upon large
common grounds belonging to the nobility
and gentry of England amusements of this
sort were common, but by an set of Par-
liament, passed about twenty years ago
these grounds were enclosed and the camp
grounds and the grazing of the gipsies, like
the hunting grounds of our Indian tribes,
were taken away from them. This fact,
together with the fear that the young
members of the tribe-might be impressed
for the Russian war, induced the Stanleys;
together with several other gipsy tribes,
to emigrate to America. where they could
find plenty of room without being regard-
ed as trespassers,
When the Stanleys resolved t0 come to
America, one and all, the question arose
as to how they should convey the family
relics above spoken of:. which were numner-


ous, and, being of silver, valuable. They
feareq.that both in England and in this
country the popular prejudice 'which sets
down the gipsy as a thief might induce the
authorities to seize. them, under the sup-
position that they-Were stolen, and that
thus they might be put to trouble and de-
lay, or might lose their cherished treasures
altogether. They accomplished the affair
with true gipsy cunning. Purchasing a
cask of liquor, they secretly placed the
silver ware in it, wrapped up so as to
deaden the sound, and then entered their
liquor for regular exportationt the cus-
tom-houso. The cask and its valuable
con tents came safely through official hauds,
and the liqu.jr was uninjured by the val.
trable deposit. w_.ich it contained. Thlh
family are still in peaion~of these relics,
which they regard as' Af1.'lono s tlo be
hand-d down to.future generations.
Owen Stanley, at the tIimeof his death,
was abowt eighty Ngars of age. He was of
very .small stature-- nly about five feet
two inches in _ieight-but lithe and active
as a cat, n tWiLhstanding his? advanced
ege. Vin the vicinity of
011 tylatyear', he
Up@a there back


longevity and for their robust health.
showing that the nomadic life, with all its
discomforts, as we dwellers in cities would
esteem them, is conducive to sound bodily
vigor and length of days.
Now that the patriarch has ceased his
wanderings in the land of his adoption,
Levi Stanley, the oldest son. will mount
the Gipsy throne. Ile is a man of more
than ordinary intelligence, and with a
decided turn for speculation. He is a
thorough Yankee in this respect-ready to
trade anything he has-, except his wife and
children, to turn an honest penny. He is
a fine looking man, and tis wife is a noble
specimen of the Gipsy race. She is tall
and stately, with the presence and the
action of a born queen. Her hair and eyes
are black as jet-the latter brilliant and
sparkling-her complexion is a dark, rud-
dy brunette-her features handsome. Her
mien and step are as independent as those
of the 'McGregor on his native heath.'-
With her broad~brimmed hat and holiday
attire, brilliant with strong contrasts of
colors, when we saw her last she looked
like the queen as much as Victoria or Eu-
geniaever could do.
The wife of Owen Stanley d'ed. and was
buried in South Carolina, ab.-,iit, three
years ago, and since the death of the old
patriarch, Levi Stanley and his hand-
some wife are now the Gipsy king and
queen of the United States.

A "Colored" Convention.
The negroes of Essex and Kent counties,
in Canada, held a Convention oi the 6th
inst., to express their indignation at the
reports recently published about them in
the American press. The first step was the
expulsion of a man who was suspected of
being a newspaper reporter. Of the other
proceedings the Detroit Free Press gives
the following-4aughable account:
Having accomplished this feat, they re-
turned and made an attempt to proceed to
business, but their proceedings were in-
terrupted b4.a fight between two colored
clergymen, who fell into a dispute on some
knotty theological topic, and came to
sturdy blows. The combatants" were the
Rev Th". Jones, pastor of the Zion Society,
at, Windsor, and the Rev..Mr. Boler, of
Philadelphia, a distinguished colored di-
vine,-who had come all the way from the
Quaker City to attend the Convention.-
The Ruv. Jones Isailed in' unexpectedly,
and delivered a scientific 'one, two,' on
Rev. Boler's nose, bringing the claret.-
The Rev. Boler retaliated by getting in a
stunner o n.the R rev ',es-' .rea.. b ,?'.:e;
which the' Convention, now deeply inter-
ested, pronounced foul.
Loud cries of 'Butt him, Jones; butt
him,' emanated from the audience, acting
upon which the Rev. Jones doubled up
and planted the top of his skull in the
Rev. Mr. Boler's abdomen with fearful
effect. The downfall of Philadelphia
caused a shout of triumph from the spec-
tators, which was cut short by an artful
dodge on the part of the Rev. Boler, who
shut himself up like a jack-knife, and open-
ed with such velocity that the collision
tripped up the Rev. Jones and brought
him down, where, with his head 'in- chan.
cery,' he took a healthy pummelling.-
They were finally pulled apart by some of
the sisters and turned out, after which
they procured clubs and waged an uncom-
promising warfare until both their beads
;werv seriously damaged. They were then
arrested by officer Port and locked up for
trial.
The fight between the reend gentle-
men excited so much debate that the Con-
vention- was forgotten, and the discussion
turned upon the merits of the combatants.
The general opinion was in favor of the
Rev. Jones, as a home champion, the sen-
timent being decidedly averse to allowing
Philadelphia darkies to come out here and
take on airs over the aborigines. A ma-
jority of the sisters sided with .'de gem-
manSfromQ Fillimadelfy,' on account of his
wearing a white hat, and being, withal,
rather a good looking darkey ; but they
were indignantly frowned down. ,Some of
the knowing ones went so far as to inti-
mate that the good clothes he wore were
a part of the proceeds of some $700 which
he had collected for the Abolition cau~se.
and appropriated to his own benefit.
Young Man, Read This.
Major Wood, hn his harangue to the
cartmen of :New York told them the'fol-
lowing interesting story of his success in
life : *


Education and Habits of the Mormons. Tile Human Hand. Love Me Last.
s On the 15th ult., Judge Cradlebaugh. Issuing from the wrist is that wonder- Other souls may find their joy
late one of the U. S. Judges in Utahmade ful oigan-the human hand. "In a French In the blind love ofa boy-
a speech at Circleville, Ohio, on the sub- book, intendedd" says Sir Charles Bell, to Give me that which years have tried
ject of Morrnonisin. We make a single teach young people philosophy; the pupil Disciplined and purified,-
5 extract: asks why the fingers are not of equal Such as braving storm and blast.,
The little education the children get length ? The master* makes the scholar You will bring to me at last!
consists in preparing them for the recep- grasp a ball of ivory to show him that the
tion of polygamy. So at variance is that points of the fingers are then equal It There are brows more fair than mine-
practice with all the instincts of humanity would hare been better had he closed the Eyes of more bewitching shine-
that it has to be pressed upon the people fingers upon the palm, and then asked Other hearts more fit in truth,
1 with great assidnity as a a ,rt of their re- whether or not they corresponded. This For the passions of your youth-
ligious duty. To prepare the woman for difference in the length of the fingers serves But the;r transient empire past,
S the reception of the revolting practice, it a thousand purposes-as in holding a rod, You will surely love me last !
is necessary to brutalize them by destroy- a sword, a hammer, a peu, a pencil, or en-
Wing 'hway your summer time-
ing their modesty. The sentiment of love graving tool, in all of which a secure hold Find a love in ev,;ysl;me--
is ridiculed, cavalier gallantry and atten- and freedom of motion are admirable."
Roani in liberty and light--
tions are laugeed at, the emblematic de- On the length, strength. and perfectly free I shall stayyour flight;
vices of lovers and the winning kindness movements of the thumb depends more- Fr I 11 w
that with us they doat on are hooted at over the power of the human hand. To the You will come to me at last
in Utah. The lesson they are taught, and thumb, indeed, has been given a special
that is inculcated above all others, is 'in- name polledex," from a Latin verb mean- Change and flutter as you wi.l,
crease and multiply,' in order that Zion ing to be able, strong, mighty) bEcause of I shall smile securely still;
may be filled. The young people are fam- its strength--a strength that is necessary Patiently I trust and wait,
iliarized to indecent exposures of all kind ; to the power of the hand, being equal to Though you tarry long and late ;
the Mormons call their wives their cattle; that'of all the fingers. Without the fleshy Prize your spring till it be past,
they choose them pretty much as they ball of the thumb, the power of the fingers Only, only love me last I
choose their-cattle; and that great pink of- would be of no avail, and accordingly the
delicacy, Heber C. Kimball, the next in large ball formed by the muscles of the The Way EngJish Bring up Children.
prominence, as also the next in sin to thumb is the special work of the human The English bring up their children very
Young, calls his women his cows. hand and particularly that of a clever differently from tlhemanner in which we
., man is not considered a good Mor- workman. The loss of the thumb amounts bring-up ours. They have an abundance
mon who does not uphold polygamy by to tie loss of the hand. Conscripts un.- of fresh, out door air, every day, whenever
precept and example, and he is a suspec- willing to serve in the army of France, it is possible. The nursery maids are ex-
ted Mormon that does not practise it.- have been known to disable themselves ef- pected to take all the children out airing
The higher the man isin the church the ectually by cutting off the thumb of tho every day, even to the infant. This cus-
more wives he has. Brigham Young and right hand. The loss of both thumbs torn is becoming more prevalent in this
HI.. Kimball are supposed to have each would reduce a man to a miserable'depen- country, and should be pursued wherever
between rifty and a hundred. -The rever- dence, it is practicable. Infants should be early
end Mormon bishops, apostles and the Nor should we overlook another peculi- accustomed to the open air. We confine
presidents of stakes have as many as they arity. Were the tips (f the fingers and them too much, nnd heat them too much .
desire, and it is a common thing to see the thumbs bony, instead of being covered for a vigorous growth. Oile of the finest
these hoary headed old Turks surrounded with flesh, many things we readily do features of the London At'ks is said to be
b11 a troop of robust young wives. The would be absolutely impossible. We can the crowds of nursery maids with their
common people take as many as they can now take up what is small, soft, and round groups of healthy children., It is so with
support, anld it is not uncommon to see a -as a millet seed, or even a particle of hu- the promenades of our large cities to a
hQuse with but two rooms, inhabited by-'a man hair. So exquisitely prehensible are great extent, but is less common in our
man, his half dozen of wives, and a pro- the human fingers. The nails are often of country towns than what it should be. In i
portion are children, like rabbits in a special service-perhaps always in works consequence of their training, English girls
warren, and resembling very much the of art which require nicety of execution, acquire a habit of walking that accompa-
happy family that we read of-the prairie Their substance is just what is needed- nies them through life, and gives them a
dog, the owl and the rabbit. Incest is they are easily kept at the precise length much healthier middle life than our wo-
common. Sometines the same man has which answers -every purpose. Had they men 'enjoy. They are not fatigued with a
a daughter and her mother for wifes at been placed on the tips of the fingers, they walk of five miles, and are riot ashamed to
once ; some have as wives their own neices, would have been a loss of power, but their wear, when wa'kinp, thick soled shoes, fit-
and Aaron Johnson, of-Spring-ville., one (if position ensures their highest efficiency, ted for the dampness they must encounter.
the nio6-,, ,I'j!, ..ui menmin his parts, has in Aln interchange of power for velocity which Ball ot ttie consumptive feebleness of our c
his harrem of twelve women no less than takes pcaee in the arm adapts the hand and girls results from the thin shoes they wear
five of his brother's daughters. One :i','--, to a thousand acts, requiring quick and the cold feet they must necessarily
Watts, a Scotchman, wLt is "one of the ortively.- motions. in setting up the type have.. ...English chfidren especially- girls,
eblrebh repor.errs_. : ^l .'u*- oo..... 7 g%--.c h.-ia-beeh mOtvuents are ia thl;,ti. ry,'i.id fcluk tem 1


.'Twaa a thought a poet heart mi
claim, II
0 Southwest land of ours,
To give thy rock.bound shores a name,
To live alikl in song and fame,
'With glowing skies and flowers.
To'fty pillotry bay is a royal way,
That leads.tou land of gold :
And the Sea I1oiia6 guard, with watch a
, ward, .
Thy shining s,) les untold,
0 Golden Gate A
Oped to a land in prom-se great.


gilt








and


Ships more pre(6us than argosies
Of Orient clime, have gone.
Freighted nith'jife and its mysteries,
-o breast the~storms of Southern seas,
A"n-- And the blast of fierce Cape Horn,
By the desolaqe shore of the Land of Fire,
Till the broad Pacific's swell
Bore them awfiy to the sparKling bay
Of the land, I love so well;
T'he G,,hden,'G ale.
There the6omyriad ships of the nations
wait.

Oh hathaiot every soul a dream
Of a Southwest land that lies
In a light more pure than the golden gleam
That out of the'gatus of the West' may
stream, J
Or the morning's Orient dyes ?
Those silvery chimes are tuieful rhymes,
U'hich poets sun-,n ofold,
And the sparkling sand of whose distant
strand
Is bright with sunset glo'; ,;
,The Golden Gate,
iWhero dreams, like ships at anchor, wait,

Such. Land of Song, art thou to me !
From a.Norhlband bleak and cjld
I[send iny bark, and its freight shall be
-All blessed hopes, and the melody
That minstrel lips have told,
Oh! beautifulland, with thy golden strand;
Shining forever more. .
(Sweet Land of Song I have loved so long.
-1 shall yet gain 'hy shore !
At thy Goldet,,Gate,
.. 'Like an anchored baiqne my soul shall-
wait.
New Haven, Conn. # E.G. B.

-4 C A Water->sied.
x A correspolvitl, of the I1arrisburz Pa-
triot wriles-Is full.,ws;
If you take a recent map of North
.America and trace out the headwaters of
* *" th Mississipp.i. you will observe westward
.*-. from them na:degree or two the source of
another river, which curiously just takes
the opposite direction of the Mississippi
, ft'nd runs down hill up towards the North
Pole, till away a in a cold, bleak region
itrfalls into Iludsin's Bay. This stream
is called the Re4 River, or the North.-
To the east.ward'-f the headwaters of the
Rlcd River, emptylog into lludson's Bay.
&d of the Missiskppirmptying into the
(ulf of Mexico, aero rises a small stream,
called the St. Loniriver, which empties
into the Lake Su erior. T'ius you see
that within the boundaries of Minnesota
there riqe three gre. channels that drain
the Norih American c,,tinent, whose wa-
ters reach the ocean ft points as widely
separated as Hudson, Bay. the Gulf of
; St. Litwrence and th Gulf of Mexico. The
water-shed of the continent thus falls
within the limits of'innesota-indeed in
times, of highest wato the Mississippi and
theRed River ahloil intersect at their
sources and. as I amo credibly informed,
)/the headwaters of the-'Minnesota, a tribu-
U :tary of the Missisiippic'and the Red River
do actually communicate at such times
through the medium Sta lake or marsh.

Effect of Sleeping in I0oonshine.


nla .siser. "un ifieT'arriva. in thq country,.
he applied for permissioin to marry her,
but Brigham at first refused, and settled
the matter by taking her into his own
harem;-but in a few weeks he relented,
the sea', was broken, and he gave her to
Watts.
To suppose that polygamy conduces to
happiness is to suppose a total subversion
of woman's nature. In the matter of af-
fection woman is.a complete monopolist:

she must have all the heart or none. But
in Utah_e has to be contented, with a
small fri-tio-i of that smallest of all hearts.
a Mormon heart, little attention, and no
devotions. The little home, which ought.
to be her throne and her empire, is lost to
her._ They are jealously watched, and
dreadfull" abused if they are seen to show,
by even ,o much as a glance, that they are
unhappy. But the long and anxious
counterances of the 'mothers in Isarel'
proclatm to plainly their entire misery.
The ill assorted children-the offspring of
one fathe': and many in.thers-run about
like so mtny. wi!d animals. The first
thing they dz. after learning vulgarity is to
wear a leather belt wih a butcher-knife
stuck in it; and the next is to steal from
the Gentiles, then to ride animals; and as
soon as they can, -by hook or by crook,'
get a horse, a pair of jingling Mexican
spurs and a revolver, they are then Mor-
mon cavaliers, and are fit to steal, rob and
murder emigrants. The women and girls
are coarse, masculine and uneducated, and
are mostly drafted from the lowest stages
of society. It is but seldom you meet
handsome or attractive woman among
them.
The foreign element largely predomina-
tes in Utah. The persons emigrating to
the Territory are generally from the min-
ing, manufacturing and rura! districts of
England. The American" portion of the
Mormons are generally shrewder than the
rest, and are chiefly from the New Eng-
land States. Most of these men are no


,.,n file I 1to tne compositor of surprising
rapidity to an ordinary observer, and the
execution of performers on the piano-forte
as well as on many wind instruments, is
often astonishing. These are among many
instances of the advantages gained by this
sacrifice of force for the velocity of move-
men t.

',Crime among the Colored Population
of. Newv York.-We have shown that
about one-third of the colored inhabitants
of our city are partially or wholly depend-
ant upon charity-for a subsistence; and,
as theree is only, about another third hav-
ing any settled occupation, the remaining
third are Without any employment what-

w-er. and live on their wits-that is,--n
whatever comes within their reach, or in
other ways that are not conducive either
to their own well being or well doing.-
Now, as the colored 'population of our
city numbers about-eleveu thousand, it fol-
lows that between three and four thousand
must belong to this last named class,
which, considering their limited numbers.
is an enormous proportion. The criminal
statistics for the year 1858 show that,
while oncoout of every twenty-four of the
white populkoon was committed to prison
for various offences against the laws, the
proportion among the colored population
was one in every eleven, or about two col-
ored to ever.one white criminal. This
certainly does not speak very highly of the
the moral condition of the colo6red race in
our midst; but while theywtake up so pro-
minent a place on the criminal calendar,
when their limited numbers are consider-
ed, it must be acknowledged that they are
not so daring3r desperate in crime as the
whites. Thus there are comparatively
few burglars, aad, we believe, forgers are
also very rare amongst them, Crimes, in
fact, that reqtiire a high intellectual deve.
lopment are seldom to be found among the
negroes of New York, and we'might add
among the negroes of any othLr place.-N.
Y. Herald.

A Remarkable Substance!-P-We were
yesterday s'n'uwn a letter from a gentle-
man at Randolph Macon, who has in his
possession a substance purporting to be
from the Beer Springs," an interesting
account of which was written by Washing-
ton Irving, and the qualities of which are
very remarkabtk It is a white glanular
substance, resembling in appearance boiled
rice, A small quantity of the substance
or seed, as iR. :,. be termed, Is placed in
a pitcher or gta., a quantity of weak mo-
lasses water is placed upon it, and in a
short time the liquid is transformed into a
most delightful drink. And what is most
marvelous, the fermenting power of the
seed is never diminished, but continues to
grow, and the pitcher may be filled and re-
filled indefinitely, and with invariable suc-
cess.' The seed itself increases by the pro-
cess, and the letter states by proper addi-
tion of molasses a-d water daily, a tea-
spoonful of the seed will increase in the
course of a month to a half a bushel, A
armall portion of the substance mixed with
flour, will make excellent leavened bread,
and the liquid, after being poured off and
left to stand for some time, will make very
good vinegar. It is a truly wonderful


fashionable society ani all the frivolities
of dress, at an age when our girls are in
the very heat of flirtation, and are think-
ing of nothing but fashionable life. *

How to Sustain Your Local Paper.
1. If you have a father, mother, brother.
sister or friend of any kind residing at a
distance, who are unable to subscribe, pay<
for and have a copy sent to them.
2. If you have any printing you wish
done, do not "jevv" the editor down to a
starvation price, and -when he comes to
make a purchase of you spike on the
tariff."
3. If you have any advertising or job
work to be done, take it to -your county
paper, except; perhaps, when you may wish
to advertise in more than one paper.
4. Do not run off to the city to get your
handbills, labels, cards, etc., printed, be-
cause forsooth you can get a reduction of
a few cents in price. Support your own as
you wish to be supported. A man who is
always running away from home with his
business little deserves the patronage of
the community in which he lives ; and, so
far as we are concerned, such will receive
the cold shoulder.
5."If you have control of any legal ad-
vertising, send it to your friend. This
kind of business pays better than any oth-
er, and the more you can send to the edi-
tor of your paper, the better for him and
it. In proportion to the amount of the
receipts of a paper, an editor is enabled to
make it useful and amusing to the commu-
nity in which it is published,
6. Do not expect much of a paper when-
an editor is driven to be his own composi-
toe, proof reader, pressman and devil, to
buy something for his dinner,
7. Do not expect the editor to make
honorable mention of you and your busi-
ness every.few weeks- or nothing. The
space in a paper and a man's time are
worth something, and every notice comes
back to the drawer of the recipient in dol-
lars and cents. An editor should not be
allowed to go hungry, barebacked or bare-
footed, They "eat, drink and wear,"Just
like other people,
8. If the editor owes you a shilling, do
not chase him from "rosy morni to balmy
eve" for it, gnd when you happen to get
the balance. .on the other side, "cut the
gentleman's-acquaintancex."
9. Finally, my brethren, if you wish to
properly sustain your county paper, to live
the balance of your days in peace with
God and man, and occupy a seat in Para-
dise after death, practice the golden rule :
"Do unto others as you wish them to do
unto you," under like circumstances.-
Printers' News Letter,

Two persons were once disputing so
loudly on the subject of religion, that they
awoke a big dog which had been sleeping
on the hearth beside them, and he forth-
with barked most furiously. An old di-
vine present, who had been quietly sipping
his, tea while the disputants were talking,
gave the dog a kick, and exclaimed, "Hold
your tongue, you silly brute you know
no more about it than they do."

Strict punctuality 4, perhaps, the cheap-
est virtue which'cau give force to an other-


ROBERT ERWIN ................ CHAlWS. HARDtE.
ERWIW & HARDEE,
Factors and Commission Merchants, ,
BAY..STREET, SAVANNAH, GEa.

REFERENCES:
N. A. Hardee & Co., Savannah, (a.
/ R. A. Allen, 9
A. A. Smets, '
Col.A. S. Jones, ,
Hiram Roberts, t% ,
Judge D. R- Tucker, Milledgevilie.
Hon. Chas. J. Jenkens, Augusta,
Capt. David Bush, 4 mile, So. ca.
Col. A- P. Aldrich, Barnwell C, H:t. -'
Gen. L.M.-Ayer. 14 4 99
M-COTTON shipped vla. Feraindina'and
addressed to the care of any qf 4a Forwardbng
7Merchants of that place, will be premptr y m;
ceie. July 7--Iy

ADAMS, 9'KINNEY &
IMPORTERS

BRANDIE8, GINS, WINES, &e,,
Sole Importers Imperial CGih,
96 LIBERTY STREET,
NEW YORXK.
J. M. Adams. H. D. MKeinngy. W..b, Adaims,
WReprosented by J. J, NEWSOMXI, Mf
Georgia.
17Orders respectfully solicited and filled
promptly. J. J. NT.
Feb. 16 3 : Y'*


E. H. RICHARDS & CO.,
Receiving and Forwarding Rterthants.
CEDAR KEYS, FLORIDA.
.April 28.
JAS. 0. SWAN*. 9AKtl. A. g^ANSt

SWANN & BRO.
G rEZ ERA1, COMMISSIONw
Ana Vorwardin Merehantsa
AND COLLECTING AGirNTSe
FE R:AANDIfA, LA,
STRICT attention paid to the collection of Bu-
siness Paper, and to.the purchase and sale of
Real Estatej Stocks, Bonds and other aseuritle,
We Refer To-Jos. Bryan & Son, Savannah,
Ga.; Erwin & Hardee, Savannah, Ga.; Jno. S.
Ryan, Charleston, So. Ca.; Hanckel, Tunno &
Nowell, do.; John McRae. President Bank of
Wilmington, Wilmington, N. C.; T. H. Wright
President Bank of Cape Fear, N. C.; Whedbee &
Dickinson, Balt. Md.; Watson & Mearet, New
York; Brown, DeRosset & Go., N. Y.
July 14 8 tf

SOUTHERN HOUSE-
JOHN R. LONDON, JOHN H. BRYAN! IJn
Of Wilmington, N.C. Of Raleigh, X.,C,

LONDON & BRYAN,.
COMMISSION' MERCHANTS,
32 INDIA STREET,
BOSTON.


" A correspondent of the Mobile Register,
0bo has been down to the sea-In ships,
*ays, hi a recent letter :
My appraprialion of the ham'Inobk-net-
.o tino wap not exactly regular, according
to the vigor of a manmof-war's discipline.
but I opjoyed it without interruption, un
til frightened out of it in a different way.
: Those who have been much among sail-
orp, must have remarked the greater pre
valeme of distortions and nervous affect
tioi'of the face among them than am ong
laodlmen. This is generally a&t/ibuted to
'len!g ia. the moonlight.' 'Whether the
mooflight, or The dew, or something else
is the real cause, T leave to more learned
authoritfes to decide, but certain it is, that
"the idesaof lunar in;Ibence upon the facial
bteliB of unatrsal prevalence among
uilors. while at/the same time they are
Senrally as re.kless and indifferent about
expoeugto ih~moolight. as about every-
thing else.
Oe night, 41le T was enjoying my fav-
orite retreat -in the haminock-neltings,
be heath the |i#t of Vull, unclouded moon,,
I fell utleonsodously asleep and continued
go uflil far mtn the small hours. When
'I &woke, my (,ce was twitching, .jerking
"*td making a Arietv of involuntary grim-
--t I 'turneal in' with some uneasiness,
w". ,hen I wo e np, the next morning.
'v ^AlE -enongh I Ind myselfstill twitching.
"-lprocess 0 ing through life in this
U111bd{hiuab ^isking and wincing and
........ jif every body--,waanything
Bg ^ ^ ^eal.Happily, ibety-mptoms
.tr or a dy W ar Iqo,
J.:: .. -
..... "j"i


'It has been one of the secrets of my doubt fugitives from justice, and most of
little success in life that I have never said them are bankrupt in both, fortune and
'I cannot,' [Applause.] I have always character.
said 'I would (Wood 7) I have done it if
I could; and if I did not I had the satis- Excessfve Cleanliness.
faction of knowing that I had exhausted Even cleanliness can be exaggerated, as
every energy of my life and being to suc- in the case of Pharisees, and the late Duke
ceed. The highest position is as open to of Queensburg who would wash in noth-
you as it is to any other man. The wealth, ing but milk. Our own Queen uses dis-
iest men in this city were much poorer tilled water only for her toilet; but this
than any of those sitting within the sound is not a cas in point, since it is for the
of my voice. There is no man here who sake of her health, I believe, with her.-
at the age of twenty-one was more poor, A sad case, however, was that of the love-
,more obscure, than the humble individual ly Princess Alexandriana of Bavaria. who
standing before you. I do not speak in this died mad of over-cleanliness. Tt began
mannerI because I assume to be anytllinq- bv extelne sorupn.,-uncs. .kt dinner
ner b a a,, b n she woulnM minut=l\" exatiuii h,-,r ,Il.xe,
bilt I have been a wurkihng n. a11d) navd and ifzl e saw the lightest speek ,.n it,
earned my livhtg in the City- c-f New Y,:,rk would 6en.l f.r aicthei. She wonlt [lien
by theso hands. I am uot ashatinied to sqv turn thl n.,pkia i.,un.a and rour,.l toexam-
It. l~et evervman rely upu hims.lE Do me ewv y cainer, and often like fr,.., the
S TIahle because she thought. ia wai not
not leui upon others. Walk abroad un- sErv..,l properly in thi respect. At last
d& r the great caiiupy orf h ,v.-.?n, .J i',. it, Luconie a mo'nomania. till, on plaes,
that within yourselves is all that the Al *i" ins, dthilie%, I ih .:lo-l.h. an.] every-
miehtr vouchsafes to any or his chld ,. *ing? else, h,' h-,mlieved -he saw n,-,il.ing
I ,It d t. It ne, hi, her min.l. ,1,p or
You have life, energy, 3-,luh, and all y,.u 1gg she e-ul r,,,tlie clean en. i,, h, aud
want is determination, vigur, and indomi- it drove her into iusanriy.-]';glish 1--ind
table perseverance.' bo,-" ,-,f Etiquelte.
ZS7"To make a lady stick ut.her fin- A Stranger, ineeiing a man in the it,'e,?ts
ger, give her a diamond ring; to n1'.e1 eor Bosten n few days since, roughly aC:,.?t-
.... .. i i ... t .'-.. ',t di ni h with, 'H ere, I saY, I \vant to tO lo
Mi1ck out hear ey' 4 tvr er a sill "- --" ,, ,
---k out r .M W -.--5- .,hk remote House.' Tho delhberrte-,ep,
you around, you n1 ,g y if you don't be


REFER TO
Win. B. Giles & Co., Savannah ; DeRosset, Brown
& Co., Wilmington, Bttler & Bee, Charleston:
Swann & Brother, jFernandina. mar. 22-1 m

Co0partnership Notice!
THIE subscribers having entered into'partnere
..ship on the Ilth of July last, would respect-
fully inform their friends, the people of Fernan-
dina and vicinity, that, they have .establish;.
themselves in business, in Fernandina, as
CONTRACTORS & BUILDS,
and respectfully solicit their patronage' fo%
over McRory's Grist Mil!.
G. V. SPER,
G. W_ ARNETT.
N. B.-Plans and Specifications farmishe, "
reasonable terms and witi'promptnewa ?
Fernandina, Fla., Sept. 8, 1 .859 2 6
^^ -,-p 189 1
NOW IN #TVR


i~'~s~Fp-e~F~;'


t


BUSINESS CiBS

D. J. Taylor. .T.-C. Aekham .E. L. Harrisoa.

TAYLOfR,BECKHAM CO.
COMMISSION MERCHANTS
AND -,
RECEIVING AND FORWARDING AGENM S
FERNANDINA FLA.f, < *- **;
Agents for Steamer Carolina, and the
-eavannah and Florida Line of-team.
ers St. Miar %s and St. Johns, and
New Vork: Line oftPackets, .
Liberal CASH advances made on; Cotton
consigned to our friends in Charleston
and Savannah.


Col. 4. W. Call, Fernandina, Fia. Wi. M.
Lawton & Co., E. Lafitte & Co., Charleston, S.C.
A. Brantly, Madison Fla. ; Gov. M. S. Perry,
Micanopy, Fla.; W, Brantly, Ocala, Fla. Pad-
elford, Fay & Co., Messys. Boston & Villalonga,
Messrs. Tison & Gordon, Savannah Ga.; Gen
A. McRae, Wilmington. N.C. Messrs. Dolluer
Potter & Co., New York.
Fernandina, Fla. October 14, 1958.-tf
LEWIS F. ROUX. GEORG& ,; R) nUX.

-ROUX & CO.,
Receiving and Forwarding A;a:t,.t
---AND-
GENERAL C0 MXMXISS I0 N MERCHANTS
FERNANDINA, FLA.
PECIAL attention given to the sale of COT
TON, MOSS, HIDES and PRODUCE gen
erifly.
W'Cottou and other Merchandise, forwarded
with ea~r, and dispatch.
July 7 *7

E. A. & A H. JEFFORDS
SECOND STREET,
FERNANDINA, FLA.
DEALERS IIN
Grain, Flour, Bacon, Liquors and
Groceries, Generally.
TERMS .................................... CASH.
References:-J. A. Burckmyer, CharlestoI
S. C.; E. H. Rogers Co., do.; Lanneau, ,Simta
& Whilden, do,; R. Q. Pinckney, Jr., do. ; W M
Tunno, do.; Jeffords & Co.,.do.
Aug. 18 13 13

B. A, COACHMAN,
FORWARDING &. COMMISSION
MERCHANT AND GROCER*
FERNANDrNA, FLA.
SPECIAL attention given to RECEIVING
and FORWARDING, and Sale of COTTOI-
and other Produce.
REFERENCES:
Dolner Potter & Co:,".... New York.
Richard Lathers, ....... do.
E. Robbins and Bradley, do.'
John Fraser & Co.,......Cbalrlesto, S .C.
D. L. McRay,.......... do.
Gilliland, Howell & Co., do.
Felix Livjngston,-.... -Fernandina, Fla
A. H. Cole............. do.
Goo. W. Call,... ... :. do.
M. S. Perry,.......... Micanopy, Fla.
Fernandina, Fla., April 7, 1858-ly

WM. M. LAWTON & CO.,
Factors and General Commission Merchants,
NO. 13 SOUTHERN WHARF,
Charleston, S. C.
Wm. M. LAWTOX, R. WAIXWaIGHB 1,)-
WINBORN LAWTON, JR,
Cotton, H'des, &c., will be received and ,r
warded by the different Forwarding Houses
Fernandina and Jacksonville.
Sept. 15, 1859 .. 1 -r. ly .
. 0. BERNA RD .. ..... ..... .' u t

BERiA-RD, &_ BMjrK
W1.
44EAJERS IN* ^-
1AR3DWARB *A- G&3 k0C BRIE ,
FERNAINDINA, FLA.
Agents ior D. .Callatihan & Co.'s Steam
Saw Mill,
June 16 1858. 4 l'


-4~%






I I I El I I II I I I .. I. .. ,." "'' ' --' -ON-.


Y


THE EAST FLO0IDIAN,

WM. I-1. BABCO<&3K,
EDITOR AND PROPitlltl'Ott.-



TfiUISDAYi APRIL 19, 1860.


---- -I


_ I_~


Per Steamer Ca'olina, Capt'.Flinn, froul
Charlesto', April !1S.-P II Wilson, I D
Chresetnan; W A aNpfit; J IfI W Vlso1, 5M(rs,
Waldorn, Mr., Chprihn atid on' deck.
April 18S.-J lR M'end'ihnal; ,rs. R Men-,
denhal and 4 on de-,k.",
Per Stefner (Gordoh, Capt. Adkins, front
Chareto:.-LUut. Sivisiner, U. S. A.
Lady and servant, W IVall, J Jackson, GI
H Tresper. T Wk Brc ar.I, S S Iunting and
,one on dock.
April 17.-J J O'Neill, J L Agnew and
Lady, Mrs. J Miot, ahilid and servant, J Cd
A'yer and Lady, Mrs. Aver, W II Geuver;
E Fogarty, C II C1akue O Douliiure, I"
Boulware,
Per Steamer AnguisW. Capt.. ('otetteri
from Saunvah.-- F Brownhngi ( 0 Nor-
ton, J Lovte. I Joh'nsun, J I1 Corley, W
G Oliver, J Dubinydn, 2 childrelf, and !I
sertatrts, If Dubin'yon, L Belows,. Mr.
Waldburg, Mr. Friend, A 11 Chanipin, R
Merell & Son, Aaton Salnons. S S David-s
son, W R Mooret G W Young and 12 on
le ic,; '


One oV our condpany gives LiO Ieraonfal atten-
tion to the receipt of all orders, aMd to the put-
till^ up and shipping of al I padka.es of Ice irg
the best wanner, add at a fale a-mayaeot atea
sible, and secure the .shipment of the same as
ordered. -<
Duridie the Surdmtfr we sihal ,keep oa hr(4*O
in fine order, the best ynility of

G0lien Butter and Larde
1-r Ou'r t'rms are CASH, or good (ity a.c,
deptffnco. i
Orders as above ftTo] ooicd.
M. ST()DARD & CO.,
April -19-3m- l Fernauainir, Fix.
THIE C14LFABRATED A

-LAR REF GERATOM,
(Ba.-rtlet atent.)


*- '-


F Prom the Charleston Courier. posed to a tropical sun,) should generally r
VLORIDA AND TBXAS. be of a much milder form than those whidh
No. I. prevail in more Northern latitudes. That -
GAINESVILLE. FLA.. April 6,1860. suh2hwveis the fact.there can be no
* ,1 doubt ; for this fact is proved by an aggre-
Having in my former letter, adduced ate ofevidence, (extending over more than
facts to prove that the climate of Florida tey a wi i i impossible to
Is oluch linrs, salubrious and agreeable.tet er, hc ti mosbet
he srgeass resist. It is suggested in explanation of
than that of: Texas, and that the Seasons this fact. that tife luxuriant vegetation,
in the former are much more favorable to w h in t Southern and Middle States,
agriculture than in the latter country, I passes through all the stages of decompo-
shall next proceed'to discuss the soils'and sition, is, in East Florida, generally dried
productions of those two States respec- up before it reaches the putrefactive stage
timely, of fermentation, and that consequently the C
Therd is in every State and Territory in quantity of malaria generated is much less
the Union, a very large proportion of bar- than in climates more favorable to decum- I
ren and poor lands ; but the ratio of these position. This view is strengthened by
lands differs greatly in different States.-- the facts that the soil of Florida, is almost
Plorida has a due proportion of poor lands j everywhere of so porous and absorbant a 2
but compared with other States, the ratio character that moisture is seldom long re- I
of her barren and worthless lands is very gained on its surface ) that its atmosphere I
small. With the exception of the Ever- is in Constant motion, and that there is
glades, (which though at present unavaila- much more clear sunshine than in the i
ble, are capable of being reclaimed at mud- Northern States, It is further suggested
rate expense,) and her Irreclaimable that the uniform prevalence of sea breezes, (
swamp lands, there is scarcely an acre in and the constant motion of the atmosphere
the whole State of Florida that is entirely in the Peninsula, tend so much to diffuse
worthless, or which cannot be made, under and attenuate whatever poison is genera-
her tropical climate, tributary to some ag- ted. that it will generally produce but the
cultural production, Lands which are in a mildest forms of malarial disease, such as
more Northern climate worthless, will in intermittent fever.
Florida, owing to her tropical character, The lands which. in Florida, are, par
yield valuable productions. For example, excellence, denominiated "rich lends," are. Z
the poorest pine barren lands of Florida first the "swamp lands;" second, the ;,low
will produce, without manure, a luxuriant hammock lands;" third, the '- high ham-
crop of Sisal Hemp, which yields more mocks," and fourth, the "first-rate pine,.
profit to the acre than the richest land will oak. and hickory lahas."
when cultivated in sugar, Cotton or tobac The swamp lands are, unquestionably,
co. So it is with numerous other valua- the most durably rich lands in the coun-
ble tropical products that are adapted to try. They are the most recently formed
the lands, that, in more Northern climates ,ands, and are still annually receiving ad-
would yield nothing to agriculture, Be- editions to their surface. They are intrisi-
sides this, there are in Florida no moun- cally the most valuable lands in Florida,
tain wastes-no barren prairies-and there being as fertile in the beginning as the
are but few acres in the whole State not hammocks, and more durable. They are,
under ctultivation that are not covered with evidently alluvial and of recent formation.
valuable timber. T T hey occupy natural depressions or basins,
I shall here give a brief sketch of the wich have been gradually filled up by de-
different descriptions of the lands in Flo- posits of vegetable debris, &0,, washed in
rida. ,from the adjacent and higher lands, Ditch-
Pine lands (yellow pine) form the basis ing is indispensable to all of them in their
of Florida. These lads are usually divid- preparation for successful cultivation,.-
ed into three classes, denoting first, second Properly prepared, however, their ineX.
and, third rate pine lands, haustible fertility sustains a succession of
That which is denominated :rst rate the most exhausting crops with astonish,
pino land" in Florida hap nothing analo- ing vigor. The 'greatest yield of sugar
gous to it in any of the other States. Its ever realized in Florida, was produced on
surface is covered, for several inches deep, this description of land. viz: four hogs-
with a dark vegetable' mould, beneath heads per acre. That this quantity was
-which, to the depth of several feet is a produced on Dummitt's plantation, near
chocolate colored sandy loam, mixed. for New Smyrna, is a fact well known to those
the most part, with limestone pebbles, and conversant with sugar plantling in East
resting on a substratum of marl, clay or Florida. Sugar cane is here instanced as
limestone rock. The fertility and dura- a measure of the fertility of soil, because
ability of this description of land may be it is one of the most 'exhausting crops
estimated from the well known fact that known, and is generally grown without
it has, on the Upper Suwannee and in sev- rest or rotation. It is not, however, a
eral other districts, yielded, during four- fair criterion by Which to judge of the re
teen years of successive cultivation, with- native fertility bands situated in different
out the aid of manure, four hundred lbs. climates ; for, V find that on the richest
of Sea Island Cotton to the acre. These lands in Louisiana or in Texas, the average
lands are still as productive as ever, so product of sugar per acre, is not more than
that the limit of their durability is still one hogshead; or about half that of East
unknown&. Florida,
The "second rate pine'" lands, which This great disparity in the product of
form the largest proportion of Florida, are those countries is accounted for not by any
All productive-, and can, by a proper sys- inferiority in the lands of Louisiana or
.tern of cultivation, be rendered much more Texas, but by the fact that the early in.
valuable than the best lands in Texas.- cursions of frost in both those States ren-
These lands afford fine natural pasturage, ders it necessary to cut the cane in Octo-
they. are heavily timbered with the best ber, which is long before it has reached
species of yellow pine ; they are, for the maturity, while in East Florida it is per-
most part, high, floling, healthy, and well mitted to stand, without fear of frost. till
watetred. They are generally based upon December, or till such time as it is fully
mail, Clay, or limestone. They will pro- matured. It is well known that sugar
dope for several years .Without the aid of cane "tassels" in East Florida, and that it
m ianure, -urT-RA r'1-" '.'-p' ^.r c-^ riv ^ ^ L f.- ^ .;,' ;.. ^", .,.
will yieWj iwQ thousand pounds of the bestS 'When cane "tassels" it is evidence of its
aljg -If p?,,Sar to the aero. ar about three I ....* -, f.\ ... -
hundred :' i .. v.*^ .... P`e ; i .... : ",.',;," -" .,,,' "
They w, ^ v :*;' -3 -,^ e, .. y ; ,. :
,,, = t ll, L W" .t ; '. i ;' ," :- '- ) ; ; *. -i :: .. .
b a eco, or'ariq.' 'i :- : e, .e i ^ .' ,^ ,>: ., '.... i;_,,:, ;"r', v
other tropics ii lc,.'i ,. .* ;i h, w'.- .. 1 :..-.v ,i:;' .:. ,'"e,;''" .. ,,. ; :. :,..
mnany instai ; .- "d 7- .' "- ss -" v .;8 h ; i > '. '' ~ .- :'
ble than tf,,.,, J_.....,. :..^-^,,n ""
northern ( ,; :: -,i m ,,, .: ,, .
Even pine lands of the third rate," or acres of the very best description of this
most inferior class, are by no means worth- land vacant In the country, and which can
less under the climate of Florida. This be secured at less than two dollars per
class of lands may be divifd into two or- acre, Vast bodies of it lie convenient to
ders1 the one comprising high. rolling, navigation and railways, and doubtless
sandy districts, which are spalsely cov- will be sought after with avidity as soon
ered with a stunted growth Jr' "black; a, the sugar planters of Louisiana and
Jack" and pine j the other embracing low, Texas become apprized of Mts character,
flat. swampy regions which are frequently and of the many advantages which sugar
studded with "bay-galls," and are occa- planting presents over ary other State in
sionally inundated, but which are covered the Union-,
with luxuriant vegetation, aind very gen- Low Hammocks. which. from the fact,
erally with valuable timbre., The former of their participating of the nature of
of ;these, it is now ascertained, area, owing-hammocks and swamps, are sometimes
to their calcarious soil i\-ell adapted tO the termed SwatmMock, are not inferior to
growth of Sisal hemp, which is a valuable swamp lands in fertility, but perhaps are
topicalcl production, his plant (the not quite as durable. 'They are aliyays
*..* Agave Sisiliana) and the Agave Mexlcana level, or nearly so, and trove a soil of
or Mexican hemp, also known as the Ma,, greater tenacity than that of tho high
guay, the Pulke plant, the Century plant, hammocfss. Some ditc'hing is necessary in
&c., have both been introduced tinte Fie- many of them, The soil mn them is always
ri~da, and they both grow in great perfee- deep, These stands are also extremely well
-tidn on the poorest pine lands of the conni- adapted to the growth of the gane. as has
try. As these plants derive their -chief been well attested by the many plantations
support from the atmosphere, they will, which wer'e formerly in operation here on
like the common air-plant, preserve their this description of land. There is not
vitality for many mqnths when left out of nearly s.o large a proportion of low ham.
Ihe ground, mock in East Flortda as there is of swamp
It is scarcely necessary to add, that the lands.
secondond order of third rate pine lands, as High HantockiSare the lands in great-
:, ,here described, is, far from being" worthless est repute in Florida. These differ from
These lands afford a most excellent range low hammocks in occupying higher ground,
for cattle, besides being valuable for their and in generally presenting an undulating
., timber and the naval stores which they surface. They are formed of a fine vergo
t will pro.'acs. table mould, mixed with a sandy loam in
There is one general feature in the tope- many places two feet deep, and resting, in
graphy of Florida, which no other country most cases, on a substratum of clay, marl
in tho United Slates possesses, and which or limestone. It will be readihr under-


affords great security to the health of its stood by any one at al1 acquainted with
inhabitants. It is this, that the pine lands agriculture, that such a soil, in such a cli-
which form the basis of the country, and mate as Florida, must be extremely pro-
which are almost universally healthy, are ductive. This soil scarcely ever suffers
nearly everywhere studded at intervals of from too much wet; nor does drought af-
a few miles, with hammock lands of the fect it in the same degree as other lands.
richest quality. These hammocks are not, High hammock lands produce, with but
%6g ab is'generally supposed, low, wet lands; little labor of cultivation, all the crops of
on the contrary, they are high, dry, undu- the country in an eminent degree. Such
t lating lands, that never require either lands have no tendency to break up in
ditching or draining. They vary in extent heavy masses, nor are they infested with
from twenty acres to twenty thousand pernicious weeds nor grasses. Their ex-
acres, and-will probably average about five traordinary C rtility and productiveness
hundred acres each. Hence the inhabi- may be estimated by~the fact that, in sev-
tants have it everywhere in their power eral well known instances, in Marion couu..
to select residences in the pine lands, at ty, (Clinch's, McIntosh's, &c..) three hogs-
such convenient distances from the ham- heads of sugar have been made per acre on
-Mocks as will enable them to cultivate the this description of land, after it had been
tatter without endangering their health, if in cultivation six years in successive crops
it should so happen that any of the ham- of corn, without the aid of manure.
-, mocks-proved to be less healthy than the To sum up its advantages, it requires no
pine woods. 4'o their preparation than cleat ing and plow-
= experience in Florida has satisfactorily ing to fit it at once for the greatest nossi-
s hown that residences only half a mile dis- ble production of any kind. of ciop adapted
.4nt from cultivated hammocks are entirely to thbeclimate. In unfavorable seasons it
,exempt from malarial disease, and that the is much, more certain/to produce a good
negroes who cultivate those hammocks. crop than any other k 51d of land, from the
and retire at night to pine land- residences, fact that it is loes affected by excessively
maintain perfect health. Indeed, it is dry or wet weather I It a cultivated
found that residences i the hammocks with much less labor than any other lands,
themselves are generally perfectly healthy being remarkably mellow. Aisd its vicinity
S--After they have been a few years cleared, sgeralhihndealthy. These rea-
Newly cleared lands, whether pine or haim- sons are sufficient to entitle it to the-esti-*
iniock, aie generally attended with the de- mation in which it is held over all other
"velopmont of more or less malaria. In lands. The only objection that can be
3riorida the diseases which result from brought against it is that, when subjected
*those clearings are, as fitaled in my former to the injudicious and impoverishing mode
"* letter, generally o0 the mildest type (sim- of culture pursued in the South, it may
V yieintermittent fever) ; while mi nearly all not be quite as durable as the first rate
the other Southein statess they are most swamp lands.
frequently of a severe grade of bilious The first 'rate pine, oak and hickory
fever, lands are found in pretty extensive bodies
The topographical feature here noted, in many part;, of the .State. From the
nainl"ly, a gentele iuterspersion of rich fact that those lands can be cleared at
hammocks, surrounded by high, dry, roll- much less expense than ihe swamp and
ing, heahN y pinte woods, is au advantage hammnck lands, they have heretofore been
which no omiler State in the Union enjoy ; preferred by the small planters, and have
and Florida forms, in this respect, a strik- proved remarkably productive.
ing conEramt with Louisiana, M1is And Texas. whoic Sugar-and Collon lands ticed,exicnhivo tracts of Saeunna lanwls,
are generally surrounded by vast alluvial which approximate in character, texture
regions, subject to frequent inundations, of soil and period aud mode of formation,
so that it is impossible to obtain Within to the swamp lands, differiug only in being
Sal,. many miles of them a healthy residence, destitute of timber. Some of these lands
-' R" It would deem paradoxical that the ma- are, however, extremely ponr.
'a" -i a,... l.., diseases of East Florida (abounding I shall resume the suiect of lands in my
,:".;< .' I t. kj at a A in ilf$' hammnoi Inn| da *an1 y .n ,nv ..,. rr VI D1A t 1II


sideration c-f the Convention, which m,,-
lion was adopted and the following gen-
Alemen appointed said Committee :
Alachua--Ienry Bradford Calhoun-
J.M. Gorrie ; Duval-Hollnes Steele -
Franklin--R. J. Floyd ; Jackson-W. E.
Anderson ; Leou-C. E. Dyke ; Liberty-
John Chason ; Wakulla-A. B. Noyes;
Jefferson-(-Ge.. \VhitlldM; Madison-B.
F. Wardlaw ; Levy-E. Graham ; Marion
-S. II" Owens; Hillsborotigh-A Do LatU-
nay; Lafayette-- J. J, MGehee;
Gen. Whitfield offered tlltfollouWii' re-
solution !
1. Resolved; This Convenition Will eleet
six delegates to represent the Democracy
of Florida in the National Democratic Con-
vention to be held in dlharleston on the
23d inst., arid to bast the vote of the State
for a nominee for President of the united
States-one regular delegate from each of
the four sections of the State-West, Mid
die, East and South, With alternates, and
two from the State at large with alterna-
tes.
2. Resolved, That the elections shall be
conducted under the following rules :
1st. The election shall be viva voice.
each vote designating the Delegates and
alternates from the respective divisions.
2d. The election shall be made by Coutn-
ties, each County casting the number of
vwtes assigned to it by the apportionment
already adopted by this convention.
3d. That a majority of all the voters of
all the counties represented in this Co1-
vention shall be necessary to a choice. o
Which were read.
Mr. Graham offered the following as a
substitute :
Resolved, That this Convention appoint
one hundred delegates to represent the
State of Florida in the approaching Nat-
ional I,,in.m:,ratii Convention to be held in
Charleston, and that one delegate frum
each county compose a committee for said
purpose; and
Resolved further, That the delegation,
to Charleston be governed in their vote
by the majority.
Which was read.
On motion, the Cont+ermtion to)ok a re-
cess until 8 o'clock, P. M.

8 O'CLOCK, I. M.
The Convention rewumed its session.
On motion the rule was waived and Col.
Floyd. from n Select Committee, ura'de the
following report 1
The Co)mmittee appointed to report re-
solutions for the action of the Conveation,
beg leave to submit the following;
Resolhed, That we heartily approve and
fully endorse the recent resolutions of the
Democratic Senatorial Caucus in Washing-
ton, as a full and compete embodiment of
our political sertimeitsi and tender them
without comment as the platform of this
Convention.
1. Resalved, That in the adoption of
the Federal Constitution, tlhe States adopt-
ing the spa-,e acted severally as free and
independent g-vereignties deleg-ting s#
] portion of their powers to be exercised by


and hereb%" tender it our thanks fr tho
broad and patriotic principles by which it
has been controlled.
Respectfully submitted.
R. J. FLOYD, Chairman.
Which report was read and the resold.


account received by129M.i

tbra. Factors have been unable to
at old quotailisr. and the-t "ri--.,'
ate ioo light to enable us to o r
iutls. The sales or the week. o>ot tip 96
bags, at the Sitbjoiiwd particilars : 1 at
18 ; 2 at 22 ; 7 at 24 ; 13 asti 4 at 28;(
and 9 bags at ,6c.--St. ,


Pursuant to previous ndtice, the Dem-
ocratic Convedntion for the State of Florida
met at tho Capitol ia the city of Tallahas-
see this day for the purpose of appointing
delegates to represent the Democracy of
Florida in the Charleston Convention,
whereupon, on thotion of V. L. Villepigue,
Esq., lion. Philip Dell of Alachua was
called to the Chair, and on motion of T.
J. Eppes, Esq., J. Myrick Gorrie of Frank-
lin requested to act as Secretary.
On motion a call of the counties was
had, when it was found that the following
Were represented, viz :
Walton, Jackson F ranklin, Calhoun,
Liberty, Gadsdenu Leon, Wakulla, Jeffer-
son, Lafayette, Madiaon, Columbia, Alach-
ua, Duval, Marion) Levy, Hillsborough,
Dade, Monroe.
On motion of Hon. T. J. Vppes; it was
resolved that a committee composed of one
from each county represented be appoint-
ed to select permanent officers for this
convention and to report rules for the
government of the'same.
The chair appointed the following gen-
tlemen said committee : Messrs. Eppes,
Anderson, Gorrie, Chasont White, Park-
hill, Walker of Jefferson, Walker, of Wa-
kulla, Wardlaw, McGehee, Bradford,
Owens, Doggett, Noyes and DcLaunay,
who, after retiring, reported the following
gentlemen as permanent officers of this
Convention, viz
For President-Hon. Philip Dell, of
Alachua,
For Vice Presidents-lion. John Fiin-
layson, of Jefferson, A. DeLaunay,. Esq.,
of Hillsborough, Col. S,11. Owens, of
Marion, Heon, T. J. Eppes, of Franklin.
For Secretary-J. Myrick Gorrie, of
Franklin.
For Assistant 8ecretaries-0. E. Dyke,
C; E. L. Allison, F. R. Fildes, and 15r.
Holmes Steele.
The committee also recommended that
the rules of the last House of Representa-
tives be adopted as those for the govern-
ment of this body.
The report oft, he committee was unani-
mou.sly concurred in and the officers sel-
ected conducted to their seats, whereupon
the President elect returned his thanks for
the honor conferred uipon him in a pertin-
ent and eloquent address.
The Convention having been organized,
the Rev. G, W. Pratt, by invitation, ad,
&resscd the Throne of Grace and invoked
the blessing of the God of Nations upon
its deliberations.
On motion a committee of one from
each cohinty *a's appointed to examine
and report upon credentials and to appor-
tion the ratio of voting, a follows :
Messrs. R. J, Floyd, Gorrie, Andcrson,
Chason; Jesse Wood, Williams, Barbour,
Whitfleld, Viers, Bradford, Martin, Steele,
NI uyes, 'T^.U.yA ^., ti .,!vh. vV--0., and
McGehee. 'Ir







Col. R. J. Floyd, viz :
The Committee who Were appointed to
examine the credentials and apportion the
ratio of voters each county is entitled to
in this Convention beg #leate to report
that they find the NIIoWinmg counties re-
presented by delegates a.td proxies, viz !
Alacha--Philip Dell and Henry Brad-
ford.
Calhoun-J Myrick G,,rric^,,xy.
Columbia-Philip Dell prorY' for A. J.
Smiley and M. Whit Smith.
Franklin--Robert J. Floyd, T. J. Eppes
and J. M'yrick Gorrie.
Gadsden--A. 1' Melvor, James M.
Smith, P. W. White, Jesse Wood, Gabriel
Smith, W. II. Scott, J. W. Oiiver, V. M.
Stafford, Win. Gortman and C, E. Allison.
Jackson--W, E. Anderson.
Jefferson--0. IH. Gadsden, Asa May,
W. 0. Bira, J. P. Anderson, Jchn Finlay-
son, T. B. Lamer, G. W. ?loney, "Wi.
Bailey, Jr., D. Walker, Sr., B. F. Tread-
well, J. M. Raysor, F. R-. Fildes, Gee.
Whitfield, D. B. Bird, W. 0. Bird arid S.
R. Williams.,
Lafayette-Tl. J. McGehee,
Leon--J. B. GaIbraith, D. W," Gwynn,
F. A. Byrd, J. B. Christie, Jno. Miller, J.
J, Williams, J~toes FelkeII, A. S, Cole,
John Bradford, Richmond Gardner, R.
Van B'runt, A. P. Amaker' proxy for R.
Manning, James Willis, "IL. 8. Dual, N~oah


McAIvy, J. J. Ohaires, Green Chairesf C,
P. Chairs, G. W. Parkhilly 0. E. Dyke.
P. B. Brokaw, D. P. Hogue, J. S. Rust,
W. D. Bbxham, T. W. Brevard, Jr., Jno,
P. Coles, F. L. Villepigue, 9. R. Cotton,
Wm. Branch, J. Y. Jones, J. B, Carlisle,
Stuart White, A.-"L, Woodward.
Marion-S. H. Owens, and Jno, M,
Martin.
Madison-B. F. Wardlaw, R, J. Mays
and Wm. A Viers.
Duval-Holmes Steele and A. Doggett.'
Monroe and Dade-A. B, Noyes.
Hillsboroigh--A. DeLgunay.
Wakulla J. L. Barbour, A. Di Noys, 1-.
H, Walker, E, B. Smith, W, U. Anderson
and James CaverLy.
Walton-W. E. Anderson, Proxy.
Levy-Edgar Graham, George Helven-
ston and Capt. Tucker.
Liberty-Jno. Chason,
The Committee have apportioned the
vote of each County as follows: Every
County entitled to one vote as a county
and one additional for every 50 Democrat-
ic votes cast in the Congressional election,
to-wit :
Calhoun 3, Franklin 5, Jackson 9, Wal-
ton 4, Gadsden ( Liberty 3, Leon 10,,
Wakulla 4, Jefferson 9, Madison 7, Laf-
ayette 2, Column-bia 4, Alaehua 91 Duval 6,
Maition 8, Levy '2 Hillsborough 7, Dade 1.

The Committ,-e recommc-nd thal the
vote of each County be cast by _. 'ntamj-rlty


ti.jnq unanlimolsly adopted.
Tle Convention then riiimedl Llah coll-
tideratlon of the resolutioW offered by
Gen. Whitfleld and the amendment pro-
posed by Mr. Graham of Levy.
Tt wats moved and seconded that the
substitute be laid on the table, on which
motion the yeas and nays were called by
counties With the following result i
Yeats-COtalhoun 3, Franklin 5, Jackson
9, Walton 4, Gadsden 9, Liberty 3, Leon
10, Jefferson 9, Marion 8, Hillsborough
--64.
Nays-Waukulla 4 Alachua 8, Duval 6,
Levy 2, Dade 1, Monroe 6-27.
Blank--Madison 7, Columbia 4-11.
So the substitute was laid on the table.
The question then recurred on the ad-
option of thd first resolution, with the
following result :
. Yeas-Calhoun 3, Franklin 5, Jackson
9. Walton 4, Gadsden 9, Liberty 3, Leon
10, Jefferson 9, Madison 7. Marion 8 Hills-
borough 7-74.
Naovs-Alachua 8, Duval 6, Levy 3,
Dade 1. Monlrbe 6, Lafayette 2, WlkaltA.
4-29.
Blank-Columbia 4,
So the first resolution wasa afl)pte(j.
The question was then taken on the
second resolution, which was adopted Un-
animously.


TIME OF HOLDING COURT
In the different Counties of Suwannee
Circuits, as enacted by the Legislature and
approved by the Governor, January 15,
1859 i
Spring Term.
Alachua........,......... 2nd Monday in April.
Levy ..................... 3rd Monday in April.
Lafayette ............... 4th Monday in April.
Suwannee 1 1st Monday after 41h Mon-
""( day in April.
Colurnbia... 2ndMondaay afteri4th.Mon-

New River 3rd Monday after 4th Mon-
day in April.
Nassau .... 4th Monday after 4th Mon.-
uday in April,

Vall Term.
Alachua ............. 2nd Monday in October.
Levy .................. 3rd Monday in October
Lafayette ........ ... 4th Monday in October.
Suwannee.. 1st Mouday after 4th Mon-
I day in October.
Columbia... 2nd Monday n afte.4th Mon-
( day in October,
New River. 3rd Monday afterr 4th Mon-
Nasa ..I.. day in aotober.
Nasu.. .... 4th Monday after 4th Mon-
C~asa...I da^y in October.


The Latest News t.

From the Charleston Meivury.
WASHINGTON, April 16.--Washington id
crowded with delegates to the blitwrestof
Convention, who will renaintf here until
Wednesday or Thursday," ae they will
depart for your city. <: "
Delegates from the North wotern States;
poar in by every tr&M. Thel are confi-
dent, jubi ant, and veiy knowing. They-
say they have seen delegates Ifrom every,
Southern State, and that in ,f fet ballots
Mr. Douglas will be nominated. They
say there is not:a Southern ,State that'
does net contain more or- 'A.,* onaj'tde
Douglas delegates. -j '

WAHsai-PON, April th.--=ithe Sna'to;
to day, Mr. Wilson., ot Nmsachuseats, in;
troducd a bill for t6)e 1) oF efr.cttl su p
-pregsson of the Slare ti. ,
T46 lbeonmi'ttee on th Judiciary were
irfstrueted to inquire into'the expediencyi
of furtlhr legislation' ri-t.-ive toE thie arrest
' of Brovwn ..?r., amidS .S nbor,.;
In the Htouse a rtsulun'in to adjour-H.f
over to Mayy 1, wa talj^-d by 43' muoiuonS. _,
;ty, c"
A bill wag inrodtirebd >'nd referred. airm=
ing at the suplpesehy of" thq'.-ooli'etrad&
in Aziii,,i r.ui le'ssels' -.
A biff apapropriatibig $40060,00 to re'-
,store curtailed poysid! service, ",ivas passed,


FLORIDA AND TEXAS.
We publish to-day the second number
of these interesting articles. Our readers,
we feel assured, will peruse them with
pleasure and profit.
THEATRICAL.
Scott's'varieties will play at "Tlmanus'
Hall," on Thursday evening, ( this even-
ing, ) 19th Inst. They will make a stay of
only three nights. For particulars, see
small bills.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
We call attention to the advertisements
of Messrs. M. Stoddard & Co. These
gentlemen have quite a variety of.articles
for sale on very accommodating terms.
They will be pleased to receive and fill all
orders from the interior and elsewhere.
Mr. Stoddard informs us that he is in daily
expectation of another ctrgo of ice, that
almost indispensable luxury.
ST'AMERI AUGUSTA.
Capt. Coxetter, tie former popular and
well-known commander of the Everglade.
has takerl charge of the above fine stea-
mer. His numerous friends will be de-
lighted to learn that he is again at the
helm.
CUBA TELEGRAPH;


On motions the Gonvetttiorrpro'eeded t6
the selection of delegates to the CUlnirles-'
ton Coavention, when the foil6wing dele-
gates Were elected by acclamation ft0rm
the four Districts, vig .
Prom West Florida--=-Gen. Johrn M'iltonf
of Jackso'm County ; alternate, Col. eJ, C.
fongp of Escambiad.
from Middle Florida--Charles R. Dyke
of Leon Coufty alternate U.. H. Gadsden
of Jefferson' (JoUnty;
From Eaist FIorida--Gen; Jatnes4 .B.
Owens of Malrioni Cointy ; alternate, Maj.
Geo. tIeltenston of Levy.
From South Florida--George L'. ]B)rowe
of Monroe County ; alternate, James Mc-
Kay of Hillsborough.
The Convention then proceeded to the
selection of two delegates from the State
at large. On counting the votes, it was
found that T. J. Eppes and D. P. Ward-
law bad received the greatest number.
On motion of M1. Odrrie. Hor.i T: J,
Eppes of Prahklinand Col. R F. tardlaw
of Madison, were elec-ted by acclamation
as the delegates from tho Stmte at large.
The Convention there proceeded to select
two alternate delegates from the State at
large. whetupon Col. W. E. Anderson of
Jacksoh, was elected as the alternate of
Mr,. Wardlaw, and Jos John Williams,
Esq., of Leon as the alternate of Judge
Eppes.
Mr. Oor'a=c moved that t.lo St-ato on.-"


I


Mr. Kennedy, the contractor of the
above company, has kindly exhibited to
us a letter which he has recently received
from the Superintendent, Mr. Walden, in
which that gentleman states that bavan-
"ft-b 'n^ 'r:. -]^rir>n-. il ,..; t! ),, }n o.--v,,


I _


t I


,* 7 ,- :. .. . s.. ..;-
tfe "o11- of the Convention were tendered to the
a so inter- President and other offeis for the effi-
)stie peace
vhich the dient manfet'in which they had discharged
by neces, the duties of their respective positions
saken and during its session;
On motion of p. B. L, Allison, Esq., the-
cry, as tH Democratic pape'os of the State were re-
hiesl, Cum-
their (Ih,- quested to copy the proceedings hereof,
i-ore their and then, at 1-2 past 12-? o'clock, A. M.,
option of tiie Conventin adjourned shie die.
reeogniz- PHILIP DELL, President;
t element
amoug the JOHN FiNLAVSON. 1
o pin i onn or A -A D E L A UM A Y,
opinion or 'I OWy ^Vice Presidents.
beholdi & U. O* WENS, J
to this in- "J" EPPES, J
,ir citizens J. M. GORRIE, Secretary.
Yn with a C. E. X)YK, "1
t all such 0. E. L. ALLISON,-.
>n of the F. R. Fi.DES, Assit Secretaries.
t and f-I HOLMES STEELE, J
States, re-
consiitu-,
he Union, Gleanings from the Florida Press.
%ith and a .--
t0 o tse The last number of the' Newnansville

oifhts and DisPapteh contains the valedictory of the
and that it late proprietor, M. E. Papy, Esq., As an
rate, which evidence of the influence exerted by a
sovereign well-man.ged paper, Mr. Papy says:-
c"srim '"More money has been invested in the
is, or prop-.
e the cin- improvement of town property in New-
ates, so as nansvilie during the time, that had been
ns of one done in the preceding five years/' He
aured to adds further, "I may announce myself
ngrrei nor again soon at another pointe" The game
er by di- paper is informed, that the Orange Ifisect
m indirect may be effectually routed, by planting the
s power to seed of the common goerrd around the
orail right trees and permitting. them to entirely cov-
tes to take
anon ter- er them by properly training tht vfras.
enjoy the We learn from the Family Friend that
ition re- there is a prospect of the organization of a
Cavalry, Company at Monticello.
ee should The Home Companion states that the
iciary and Rev, Dr. Bachman of ChaTrCston, the em-
seas means
Constitu- inent Divine and Naturatlmry has recently
nd if the visited Marion C'(..- While' there, he' vis.
fail or re- cited several places of interest and enjoyed
of for rare opportunities of pursuing his inves-
tigations in Natural History. We hope
tants of a that he will gratify the public with a pub-
when they location of his adventures.
be admit- The Key of the Gulf says "that the
may then, thermometers are not tall enough to indi-
eople of a ..
institution, cate the intense heat we have suffered for
slavery as a week past." The same paper hiforms
naintained us that a fine schooner of t170 tones has
risdi)cion ; recently been tluncaed at Key West.
'Jto UIrion,
,ir c(,,sti- The St. Augustine Examiner hoists the
e uF their name ofJ.C.Breckenr;dge as its candi".
date for the office of President,, and that
ion of the of Danel Dickinsor% for the Vicoy Presi-
f fugitives dency.
tb. nA,.-- .tU


the adop-
not have
f 1793 and
ure its ex-
-vf which
( nearly
e highiest

r.tamed by
L, compact
ndividuals
o purpose
at proviso.
mmee of it,
iive of the
n their ef-

pprove in.
stic pollto


Ul BUI1VUIBI'M II, IS if] V(,ilal nO o 01
stitution, insulting to the States
fered with, endangers their dome
and tranquitity--objects for w
Constitution was formed-and.
sary consequence, tends to we;
destroy the Union itself.
2. Resolved, That negro slave
exists in fifteen States of this U,
poses an important portion of
mestic institutions, inherited fi
ancestors, and existing at the a<
the Constitution, bX which it is
ed as constituting an important
in the apportionment of powers a
States ; and that no change of
feeling on the part of the non-sla
States of the Union in relations t
stitution can justify them or the
in open oyr covert attacks there
view to its overthrow ; and tha
attacks are in manifest violation
mutual solemn pledge to protect
fend each other given by the 8
spectively, on entering into the
tional cylgact which formed tl
and are ananifest breach of fa
violation of the most solemn obli
3. Resolved, That the Union
States rests on the equality of r
privileges among its, members, a
is especially the duty of the Sen
represents the States in their
capacity, to resist all attempts t(
inate either in relation to person
erty in the Territories, which arf
mon possession of the United S'-t
to give advantages to the citize
Slate, which aie not equally a
those of any other State.
4. Resolved, That neither Car
a Territorial legislature, whetbe
reel legislation, or legislation ofa
and unfriendly character, possess
annul or impair the Constitutic
.of any citizen of the United Stat
his slave property into the eom
ritories, and there hold and e
same while the territorial cond
mains.
5. Resolved, That if expetieni
at any time prove that the Judi
Executive authority do riot poss
to insure adequate protec'tion to
tional rights in a Territory; a
Territorial government should fi
fuse to provide the neiesggry reir
that purpose, it will be the duty
gress to supply such deficiency.
6. Resolved, That the inhabit
Territory of the United- States, v
rightfully form a constitution to
ted as a State into the Union. r
for the first time, like the pe
State. when forming a new con
decide for themselves whether s
a domestic institution, shall be n
or prohibited wi-thin their jut
and 'they shall be received irxii, .
with or without slavery, as the
tution nmay prescribe pt Lt}e :i
admission,.'
7. Resolved, That the provisi
Constitution for the rendition of
from service or labor, without I
tion of which the Unioa could
been formed,_and that the laws of
1850, which, were enacted to secL
ecution, anjd the main fealures
beii, g similar, bear the impresa
sFventy years of sar.n'tiou [,.' th
Jiu.tciI'l aadthori s, l se huItild ba
and fiiltl'ful!y observed and rma.
all who, crnjy the be-neft of ou0,
of [_'irioli ; and that all act,.-of it
or State legislatures to defeat th
or nolliry the requirements of tha
ion, Annd ihe laws made in parstm
ar.'i hos0ile0- in character, subvert
CtnltituLion,and revolutionary ii
T et." "
Re a& maln-thik1 oSrdi'a~es


THE TELEGRAtPH.
We regret exceedingly to hear that some
persons, either thoughtlessly or malicious-
ly, have been breaking the wires and
throwing down the poles, along the line of
the Telegraph in this County. We cannot
but think that this has becih done thought-
lessly by those who ,are riot aware of
the extent of the mischief. Surely we
have ho one in our County so 'ontempti-
bly mean as to do mischief of this desdcip-
tion with a full knowledge of its extent.-
We trust that the citizens generally, wil
take occasion to impress upon the young-
iters in their neighborhoods, the etceeI-
ing impropriety of in any mahnet Interfer-
inig With these poles and wires. A very
heavy penalty is by l1ir attached for ma-
liciots mischief of this description I buttwe
should regret to see itnecessary to inflict
this punishment upon any of our people,
and trust that this word of warning will
prove sufficient. But for these wanton
inijuries the telegraph would have been in
operation before this.
DEMObjRATIC STATE CONVEN-
TION. 'I
The proceedings af this body will be
found (1 another Cdolumn, We learn from
our exchanges that the% 5Party" was well
represented both as to numbers and talent.
Their deliberations were marked by great
decortim add perfect harmony. It is sup,
posed that Hunter, of Virginia, will be
the favorite .of the delegation. Douglas
appears to have been totally repudiated.
The delegates reeeivedno instructions.
The Convention for the nomination of
State officers and a candidate fou Congress
will assemble in Quit.cy on the second
Monday in June.
The delegates appointed to the Charles-
ton Convention were as follows:
From the State at Large.-Hon. T. J.
Eppes, of Franklin-alternate, Jos. John
Williams, Esq., of Leqn, B. F. Wardlaw.
Esq., of Midison-alternate, Col. W. E.
Anderson, of Jackson.
From the Body of-the State.-Gen.
John Milton, of Jackson-alternate, Col.
0. 0. Yonge, of Eacambia, 0. E. Dyke, of
Leon-alternate, 0. H. Gadsden, Esq., of
Jefferson, Jas. B, Owens, Esq., of Marion-
alternate, Maj. Geo. lelvenston, of Levy,
G. L. Bowne, Esq., of Monroe-alternate,
Capt. Jas. McKay, of Hillsborough.
BOUNTIES TO THE FLORIDA
VOLUNTEERS.
We perceive that our member'of Con-
gress, the Hon. Mr. Hawkins, has recently
introduced a bill into the House of Repre-
sentatives, granting bounty lands to sol-
diers engaged in the Indian wars of Flo-
rida, since the 3rd of March, 1856. The
bill was referred to the Committee on Pub-,
lie Lands. Its future fate, is of course
uncertain. While Congress is donating
millions of acres of the public d.,main for
all sort. of visionary prr.ji-cls, the p ti,:,t.
ism and gallantry f ouir brave volunteers
should not be frgotten. The seric.s-
which they perr-irmed. wer! of a peculiarly


hW iftddfer.,
nt Bxisa e of this un-
riivalend mefrfpra-
tor fo i ftfrigotifia

wi wio s so Com-a
'pletely adapted to
Fami' ly, Saloon and
H otel use. The fee
Beatis;nmade of cor-
rugated zinc, ad d* Mes the Provision chamber
in two istnct apfents. The Ice Box is also,
divided in two distinct apartments-the ,upper
for t-" iw and the lower tor water, which may
be drawn by a fauce for drinking or culinary
purposes. It is sel ventilatiigi and the provi-
sion chambersrate ^pjee frbnr moistu're--that be-
A ing taken up by th corrugAted zinc, which is e-,.
posed" thereto. ThRefrigerator proves a groat .
;cpnonmrt and conyeniefte wherever 'it is intro- "
'du o.d, and is comjeDndod by all, assooiations-and .
indirviduals la*ho hlvQtested it. Call and examine.
WATER PHE'KS, COOLERS AND xCE,
C"EAkM FREEZERS, furnftlvd to orf: '..
)" )I. STODDARD & CO.,
April- 9AJm Fernandina, VFfim

Sears, T0c0 a, M
AT WHOL MAIAB
v TAVING formed a eonnetublirth the; long
'H established housesef Thas. H yt & Co eW2
Tork, and Hoyt, Barbour & go,, L4iville, Ky.-,
I shall keep' on0 handt and otrer at -W'holeale to
dealers in those goods, both in city and oinntry,
a choice assortment of extra brands of imporedl
and domesfie'
'SEMfARS, CUT, CHEWINff. SVAINtf A"tf1 -
$CA ,ARLATTI SMMING:. TBACC0,
-SNUFF, HAVANA SIXES AND 0G.1=0yS
at pgS_ that cannot fail to meet their views,
and 1o6 i.than usual. special attention iiaked
to Hoyt's far-famed fine cut HeaWt's JhU )ht, f t
in foil and Scotch Snuff put up in aq. entirely
neownd superior style, and q$ lew i o t*aa if,
offered by any other housh. '*
M. STOTDADi T
April 19-3m Ferno dina, .1 .

TURTlLNE SOUP
iS"E ....

. "W 7ILL be serr6d up Va CIII'S .
RV RESTAURANT, etery 'ues li
,Aay and Friday, b.:veM _4 |
and lo0clock. ."
f auuse oas; b c san iie by leaving their.
orders thB day pryviost ap" 19-47

TU. So MANSI U a$. 6
*I '' paimuance oC an or r-at. the-qj f'*h
. United States Dist it Court,2 9,,r
for the Xorktker. Distrioe f Florida, in ai ertain '
admirtly oamie pendinsin said Coqr%,,wiierein
A. II. Cole and .others,_re Lilellan a ta "*
Steamer Evergiade ir a l,ndent,, I .
said Steamer with hs~e AM, apparel [
niture,, t,[he highest lder, whate she
ut ther mouth oel Bael Cre~ek,,'St.JL 9htp 9._
twenymyirelis a Ot.FJ,('
-.- S. B
.... ., --a.!


LONG COTTON.


The sales of Long Cotton in Charleston
and S.avannah, for the week enliug the
13Lh iUls., were as follows:
l'h o transactions i Long Cottor, during
the period under review, will, probably,
reach 3W0a401 baleg, rt abou9 previouS
quotations, which we renew, viz ; :om-
mon. to Prime Flouidas io 30ft., and
ui.f$rd.s for ino and' -ti&a i; Cean Oom-.
monrto G.ood and Fine hins and $ante(.%
28- to3.e., and middggFin. to- F.fne %-,
land owp,


tedious, harassing and .li'agrecabl'o char- On motion of Dr. L. S, Duval, the Hon.
acter, and we hope that a grateful people John Branch. Ex-Governor of Fl')rida,
will not be backward in acknowledging the present as a visitor, was invited to a seal
obligation. \We trust that the Florida dele-1 near the President of the Convention. _
nation will persist in pressing the claims Co!.- Floyd moved that a cotamit._r-.^.
,;f these brave fuilows upon the favorable one from-each County represents ..
.. -r.i. .. ... I ..... ., -..S S S~


of the delegates present.
Which rep.,itE was read, and adopted.


Democratic State Convenl ion.
TALi.UL ..Lc, Apilil 9, IS O.


BY TELEGRAPH.


r- ." !.i f~rng oar. riOnds andl(.
L.;t!> in wfy yand country,
tu-"A' uikin al' iLe lttv'rn, ia




























































































































































Contractor and Bilder,
O'F BRICK WORK AND PLASTERINO-
Plain and Ornameaaul. Grakee, Stills an.1
Furnaces fixed.
All work- warran.ed to givo eatdfaction
U- Q_ A-1 *j


I


L-----~- --


__


I I


.01K


__


_ _


A


GENERAL


-'s-^h.;.,


a


ANNOUNCEMENT 1'ODGES DAVfS& OS
^^^3^ BplCTHALL -3-Th. t r ircnds. (.f SAMNUEL JR. PYLESu or COnlSOlliaat6d
.r tiy iAI.INCF MOWV, AT THE^R Alaofmua County, announce him as a e-andi.1 lte ^ WV
l ,'thabdsomeat stock 4i Staple and or lhb diffie of IAJOR 0ENERAnL, o.f the 1611II 'I^'I | I
^^" DRY GOOD-, CLOTHINO, HAT, er Division of the Flurida Mlilitia ,r, the' L 0 YA P & J`l m RK 1 ,
S""CAPS. BOOTS, SHIOES, EMIBROIDERIES fand f" dainayit.te Authorized by a special Act of the Legislaturer,
SFANCY GOODS, wicb, in byo and prico, IU i % ae authorized t^ or'the benefit of Academies and other purposes.
pAwN any-thing. ever offered before, to which ao ainnbune MACON, 'GEORGIA.
thyripeS an llyinrit ever offeredas buersfore, owh Cbl. A. J. T. WRIGHT, of Lake City, as a Can-
,: -" they resp~aclfully inrite-olosa0-oash buyers--fel- didato for the office of I gadier General of the T J ree E l^ H !
' :, ing assured that the most riastidious will be 3d grade at the ensuing el6etior Atpril
plsed.. SOMETHING NEW !
Coats) Pants td" Vests at $5.00. &VThe friends of Col. S. ST. GEO. ROGERS,
,_aL ,of Marion County, announce him as 4 Canididato CITY PL AN !.
,HOOP S~KIRTS from 50c. up, and everything ^ p ^ e
'HOP'I{RTfrmSc'u'adeerthngfor Major General of the Eastern IDivision of oi C3 C3jQ 00 0 :
elso m propert.d. Come and examine. Florida Militia, at the election In the FirstMon-
J ROSEN'qrHIAL C & CO. FORB 1,00!
Apri 5 4 day in M~ay next. mar. l'tb
5 4 DRAWN DAILY AT FIVE O'CLOCK
91 Good News tor Fernandina, MURRAY HOUSE, Prizes Payable luithout Deduction ;
I HAVE RECEIVED A QUANTITY OF IS NOW OPEN FOR THE RECEPTION 75 NUMBRS-12 DRAWN NUMBEnS !
~OF GUESTS. go ", ':M
.GOOD CHEWING TOBACCO. I-^ -. a^fn lpnnn t ^ 1S1EE
,OO HW ToB, c0.. Situated 100 Yars fronm tleDepoti An7"i,00Ticket,8drawnnumbersonit,650,000
: Which I will sell by large or small quantities, 6 000
at'lower prices than ever before offered in this AND CONVENIENT TO THE 25 | 6 10,000
place. It is manufactured especially for this STEAMBOAT LANDINGS, ,I 1, 5 It (1 2,500
,market, and I can please all those who wigh a cc U 4 i "500
g;Tod article and cheap. 0. J. MURRAY, Proprietor, ;i i 3 i to00
,For .the present I will sell in thee hlose of April 12 46 tf ;t it 2 "4 c c
Messrs. Roux & Co. '3 1 1 5
Orders from the interior, with goodreferenoes, Any 1,0 Tiketwith a drawn number
promptly Kttended to. D. 0. RAMSAUB. ISLAND Ifl S on it, stilohed to come out at any pCI-
*Aprit 5. ticular place, such as 57, Ist, 2d, 3d,
.AcA~D O T E UFFRIG, ESorafiy other station in the drawing... 60
CARD. TO THE SlMERING. E TRA ^^S 6
.... M O(1OR ST U A T Ticket;s from One Dollar to any Price.
THE REv.WM. COSGROVE, WITILE LA- e At the above rates per Dollar.
pRi.NP as a missionary in Japan, was cured of THE SUBSCRIBER HAVING COMPLE-H AV A 3 A IP'AN
Consumption, when all other means had failed, TED his building, begs leave to notify the citi- iAV A P LA N !
by a recipe obtained from a learned physician o Fernandina and those visiting the place,- A I
residing in the great city of Jeddo. This recipe that his establishment M()RE PRIZE'4 TIIAN BLANKS!
has cured great numbers who were suffering
from Gonsivinption, Bronchitis, Sore Throat, IS N O W OPEN CAPITAL PRIZE
Couhs, and Colds, and the debility and nervous For their accommodation. 11o will always be S T O O O
'depression caused by these disdrders. prepared to sprvo up the various delicacies of "
6iesrous of benefiting others, I W hll seid the season TICKETS ONLY $8.00 !
ii- ipe, thich I have broughtL hom e w it hi m e, to T I C K E T S O N L Y $8 .00!
all who need it, free Of dltatge. IN SUP E RI STYLE, Halves $4.00--Qarters $2 00- Eighths $1.00.
Ad dress REV. WMX COSGROVE, IHaving engaged one of the most. experienced Prizes Payable in Full, Without Reduction.
23D Balticmst., Brooklyn, N. Y. caterers Charleston, he Purchasers buying 10 Tickets, when the num-
i 5fe cy of h bers enu in 1, 2.3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9; 0, are guar-
i. tpiil 5; pledges himself that every effort shall be made anteed a Prize of $25,00.
hlt j Ag d j TTT 3 to gratify tlte palates and prdinote the comfort
,tVernOn, Agents W anted, of hisguests. Class 27, draws Saturday, April 7, y '60
^ F t AGEN TS wanted to canvags East Flo- F R E Sn r A I E F IS ]I 0 ST E RS ck .ss draw s t ,' -1 ',,'60 .
OU rida and Georgia, for the sale of Mouht F E 1 AME, FISH, OYSTERS, Class 29) draws 1 *toin1. *J, Ap'L 21, '60.
Vernon Picures, .Liberi)l inducements" oifored. cN Class 30, draws Saturday, Ap'l. 28, '60.
Address with stamp, AN l0
-T Jj.WOMBW hLt, jeni. Agt. Class 31, draws Saturday, Xad 5' '60.
46-3t F i-ernandina, Fla. MEATS OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS, 2e,220 PRIZES AMOUNTING
I -'' K'?ES Will constantly be rdecived by the daily line of 2 TO 2 71,PIZ ESA AMOUT IN
C>3E-- Va 2E1&-- steamers from Charleston. TO 271,200 D LA RS!Aj^O
".' IF you want ary sWill be distributed according to the following
MACHIESEQ 1*IYT ROM"^m^^^%mT
'SEW ING A tM^ A T1E o pitic pidfde Id and attentive servants a]- S^ 0^
You, can get them by applying at the Book Store. ways on hand. 'A superior To be"drawn every -5., iurel I .
-Ladies' Hand Book of Patterns; Beulah ; Wild I Pre of $70.000! 5 Prizes of $500
Sports of the South-T'h.o Largest collect on of 1ab S s *f 1 Prize of 20,0001 10 Prizes of 300
Albums made in the t'natc.1 States-and arW- 1 Prize of .- 10,000 20 Prizes of 100
timing else you want,,, Of PHtLAN'S nmakb, has beeri placed in the I Prize of 5,000 100 Prizes of 50
46-3t T J. WOMBWEtL, Agt. pedond stdry; I Prize of 3, OCO1 100 Prizes of 25
By tintVearied bttorts to pleaPe, an.td a deter- 1 Prize of 2,000125,000 Prizes of 5
1,0-P. ARTIJERSilbHIP NOTCE, mination to keep his table supplied with the 3 Prizes of- 1,0001
TH-iE subscriberts would respectfulliy announce
.to the citizens of Fernandina and surround- choicest and f!nbA comestibles, be hopes to enjoy 976 Approx'tion Prizes amounting to $18200.
ilng country, that they- ha.elentered into cozpait- 6 liberal share of tWte ptiblie patrodage Certificateo of Packages 10 Whole Tickets, $55.OU
99 10 14alf Tickets, 27,50
nership. as March 23 F.J. ClIARK. 10 Quarter Tickets, 13J75
0ontractors.iid Builders, ,, "0 Eighth Tickets, 6,87
:' .0L''i O I'-- -'H E This is the risk, and entitles the holder of a
hTesey solicit, share of public- patrorlage Certificate of a Packaso of the Wilole Tickets to
:- B. T. FARMEl, alithc draws over $25. HEilf, quarter and'eighth
"1* '" ** " "- WM, I f 2. FAVC. E Fr. certificates in proportion.
.April 12 : 4'6 ly o0
,;:- -. :W = .n n m TIIE NEW AND SUPERIOR COMBINATION PLAN. -
Draws every day, 4 o'clock.
A""A PRIMARY SCHOOL, BY A YOUNG MAN / CAPITAL PRIZES
who has had -experience in teaching, id 'k $40,000! 832,000! $25,000! $20,000!
Florida or any of the- States. The advertiser
.ku.id a]-,,,,y to $ | 1---.-:- 810(wo $5,000 $2,500! etc.
EDI'TORS AND PRINtER, Tickets from $1 to $10.
Who may be in want of an- %3sista.nt, that he E3]
-has, served long im. thte EDITORIAL HARz. W In ordering tieketr or certificates, enclose the
NESS,or nd Wants a.ituatiou as assistaIFt, local -J money to our address for the tickets ordered, on
-r Editor in ,h.harB. g receipt of which they will be forwarded by first
Ti..-c in wan of a T,-.h,:r or Editort can be *x mail The list of drawn numbers and prizes will
satisfiedof the g.,,.l.n.r.i,-..fthe Wantant, and g 8 T be sdnt t..plirehagers iinnme,lijtelo hfte the
the cipahil.v l,,do either. For further infor- drawing. All prizes finder one 0-i._; h.J dollars
nation, address C.C. NICHOLSON, payable immediately after tht drawing.
March 20-tf Chaflestou, S. C. AA S- Tb AiVm N eitCE TO aOfRthPOIwDENTS.
A, I AAVE FERNAybINA ON SATUR- Those who prefer not sending money by mail,
r A rr T* DAl Ci |i n Y* n V S ,I^ April 21st,[ J60, after the arrival of the .anusotheexpress cofapanis, wherby money
Acas, for Charleston via Brunswick and Savan- for Iickets, in the sum of eight dollars and uip-
., "-^ ." i r: Onah. Remaining during the Convention-fur- wards, can bo sent to us at our risk and expense,
nishing her passengers board and lodging, from any city or town where there is an express
i -yM rW 0 0 gReturning, will leave Charleston after the office. The money and order must be enelose'a in
adjournment. a Government Post Office Stamped Envelope, or
N EW .-G O O D & Fare for the round trip ............. $3.0 the Express Companies eann.t receive them.
<: .. "" W All communications strictly confidential.
"-- -.0. -o: State'",.,.,'ins ..ui;-.l by application to Purchasers will please write their signatures
ttTH SUBSCRIBETS rOUX & CO., plain, and give their Post (IL o, 0.Bounty-vand
)-. T e.hq TlT R FerCa!ndina, Fla, State. - 0
WYould respectfully announce that they have N .B.--Should the Convention not. adjourn by f t*^tB~ ~ --
** i'- TTC-n *-C~nT~rr\1Saturday,-28th inst., $2.50 pe- day;ofrom that circu^ l ar~f LS9
*-- JfUST RECEIOJVED! day, extra, will be charged, until adjournmuent. Containing full explanations of our ,Schemes,
*<3 NE\V AND ELEG^ANT STOpK- n*> Mi.rch 29 4 < ^c., will bo forwarded, by mail, to any one
^ \ ^ \ V N D L E G N 1 r O C 0 'E T h J a k s o v i l e S a n d a d a d F o r d i a & s e n d i n g u s h i s n a m e .
W& W 4>.S^ Th&e& J aournal villplae Scopy.r an ^Odin&_rders for tickets or certificates by mail or ex-
jl.- ~nt BJ ] press: should be addressed to .
ItOSI W IP lO THE 'HODGES, DAV'S 6 CO.,
LI'tA 'D Tl'T r A 'O "l PrhQ nofnn Irnnrontlnn NSov.10-'59. MAC0N, GA.


FLORIDA RAIL ROAD.


___~_


T iE Ittf!',' heT" ,a^.e uvcdE his shopto the
residence of Capt. Burn.s, opposite6 he Rail
Road Depot, where he is prepared to repair ."-
W.WTA ES, CLOCKS, AND JEWELRY
I ] w 1or4 nllkoift maner,' and on the most rea-
_-,,liiMlio lirm, All work 'warranted if well
used.
OLD GOLD and SILVER, taken in exchange
for work. sept. 15, '59-1y
EMPLOYMENT!
$50 TO $100 PER MONTH !1


Gainesville Academy,
THE E^J.CISES of this Institution were
resijaed .Tantiary' 2d, 1860, ..' ..
The Female Dej,a,'tment in confieetion with
the Male, ,-.,eiceIv in fhe new *Aa.my,
about ilia. i'it ul'M birth, cihder the Smdprijatend-
ence Jf a, imCjapli hed co' s Qf Teachers, who
will imi. ,rt.inti'ruclin in Husic, French, Orna-
mental, Brandhesi c., af the customary rates of
Tuition; 4. .. 1 1 0
, It is bpu design and highest aspiration to make.
this Acadsi-y mrerit the patronage of the entire
commun'ftyl.; ,. ." >.
Tuition ns previously publihed. ..... ".r.,
No dediubtions, unless in edae of protracted
sicknes&, ; ,- ,
Board $10 or $12ip,,br month.. ,.-
parents: desirols f. having thei- sons- and
daughters Prepared I-.? tcr ,olleg.,por wishing
them to receive a thorough Academical Educa-
tion, either Linguistic or Xathemi~icai, are re-
s).cbtfully solicited to give as a trial.:,.- '
Too irmuch ef' odr wealtjh is epend'ead i other
States instead of oUr wQiiq, for the purposes-of-
Education; Let us. reaii-up, foster, and patron-
ize ouir oni lltbeary institutions .,
Gainesville iA one of the healthiest locations in
the interior 4. th State I{ is accessible East
and West by Frloria Rilroad ;8 Narih'Wnd South
by tri-weekly stages.
- For further information retef id
J. H ROPER, A. 31';; PtriMipA, .
Feb. 2-36-tf Oainesville, Ftlk.


HOTELS:
10


PAVILION-- H.OTEL.
H. L. BUTTERPIEHD, Prrbprietdk;
0HARLLcST614; ; C.
Dec. 15 :d .y


CONVENIENT, T.0TFE
RAIM ROAD D, iEyoT
;.: ~ AND THE "
STEAMBOAT LANDINOS-
E Chfarges i(ldiier'atc fS*

MAGNOiLIA HOUSE'
- -,, '.. A!NEVILLE, FLA. ..,
. M, HEATH, PROPAtTft,.
anT, s prepared" to accommodate Regula"
andTran-sieitfitarafbra *r
"Dee. 8 29 tt

PIONEER, HOTEL,
.^ A. COY, Pr6prietor., .
., FENAN~NA,"FLORIDA.
idly? -7, 7 ., .

WHITFIELUD 0'USEM
FAN FEEJ ANDIN-A, FLA.,'
B Y J. 14. "M '.t o n Y" -
Location Pfeistaft,116althikanc conveniiett to thy
]RAIL. 11040 ANiD ITUAM ^T;
.June 2 2 f

PATTON HOUSEIP
THE "PATTON HOUSE," BITrATEV
upon 5th Street near Centre, in the citvk .
of Fernandina, will be opened byMiss M.$.
Patton, to-morrow, the first day cf July. .
The House has just been completed-is eora;,
modious, and pleasantly situated-within a short
distance of the
. RAIL ROAD DEPOT


11kU V U A BSiURLAUL Loo
A PERMANENT situation is wanted imme-
diately by a. Southern Lady, to take charge,
or assist in the Music Department of a large
School-one in East Florida is preferred, but
will not object to go to any other part of the
State. She is thoroughly qualified to teach the
Piano, Guitar and Singing. Also, sacred vocal
music in classes, and is an organist. If desired,
she will impart to her pupils a knowledge of
thorough-Base.
Address,


FERNANDINA.
E ARLY in April, we will commence the pub-
lication of a DAILY PAPER in Fernan-
dina, to be called the
DAILY EAST FLORIDIAN.
The paper wid be UL'AA Southern in senti-
ment and strongly Democratic in principles. It
will be at the same time a first-elass commercial
and literary paper-giving the very latest Tole-
grapliic intelligtnce, later by 24 hours than can
be received by either the Savanmnh or Charles-:
tcij papers);
The subscription pi-ce will be Six Dollars per
annum, pafathlc invariably in advance,
AdvertiSCiaents will be inserted at the usuiail
rates.
6;ySubscriptiong are invited.
LfAll Coni ninications to be addressed to
W. 11. BABCOCK & CO.,
or, 1icditofs East Floridian.
N. B.--Aii copies oi the '4 r sent to those
who have not paid in advahce are gratis;
FebA23. 39 tf


-A RO'Ll NA,
]Newborn. Nc it,.n C., ,.nso.
36 tf


Feb 2


AND
The Steamboat Landings
Yet far enough removed to avoid the annoyancilq
which % vry close proximity to-either would
produce.
Every arrangement has boen made to supply
the (able with the begt wici; thU season .affordas
and no painss ill e V pare {b re1nder'the guests
of the house coriftrtdbley ..
:A share of the public patronage .is sffltctted.: ,
M.J. PA.TTO
June 30th, t859. ATO


PROFESSIONAL' O'A'~

GEO. DEWSON',
ATTORNEY AT LAW$'
FERNANDINA', FLA. ,
Ang. 11 12 f^

Rk W. CAJIPBEL.U,
ATTORNEy AT LAW,
FERAND5NA. f,A.


OF my School will, cQmmence on Monday, the
12th instant, and 6dntifiu6 twenty weeks.
Tuition, pei" WeWIIn
Reading, Spelling and Oral Arithlnetic. .$12.00
Geography, Eng. Grammar, Ari il-Jmui...,
History and Composition............... 15.00
Higher Mathematics and (Natural Sciences, 18.00
Latin, with the above ................... 20.00
French and Greek, extra-each.......... 5.00
Music on Pa.io .......................... 20.00
Use of Instrument .......... ............. 2 50
Payable One-Half in Advance.
YIaving obtained Female Assistants, and in-
tending to increase the corps of Teachers as the
school demands, I hope to receive a liberal pat-
ronage in both
MfALE, AND FE_.MAL LD PA ,ET4 R r.[ -.'., F.
Good B,.jr.I in private families can be had on
reasonable terms.
FW A few Boarders will be taken in the fam-
ily of the Teacher.
TMQS. A;E. EVANS.
March 8 41 tf


May 2G 1
CALL, LONG BUTtElt,
ATTORNEYS, AT LAW.
FERNANDINA; FLA:.
WILL practice in the Superior Courts of
W Glynn, Charlton and. COapdg.i Georgw
and Duval, Alachua, ColumbiA.ssaiiP auad
Marion, Florida. inmch,l17-ly,.

Ts. A. OctbDOJrtE.,
ATTOpIEy. AT LA .
i; OQA.INBSVILE,' FItA"
October 1.3 -y

,AtA. 1. DAWJKXNS-



-ATTORNEY AT LA,


SOIFICITOA IN ECLUITY,
o F F I C E in the Court H.,n(, Gaii.cvqIle'
Alachua County, Fla. july 21-9-Iy

.A...G. GARY;
A TV 6. .A)P'P A^W,
Ocala, Marion Co., Fla.
W Will practice in the State and Federal Courts
Nov, 4 24 tf -


The State of Florida-Nassau County
Spring Term, Suwaniec Circuit.
George W. Call )
vs. ,Petffion fOr Partitfon.
Steamer Everglade: "
TO Arthhr E; C.., S. Snefdon, L. E.
Trcscott, Cooper & 'r.zor, Colin Lightbody,
Hancktli Tifnno & Co:, and, Robert Mult.-You
are hereby notified of tlhe,fitjing of tlie above Pe-
t-oh fu r t-hb Parteli _t ,,f.thS eanmr EVerzlade,
ind tfhaL t ti t will ,mor:oi e ai-' '* ri:"
"t the Spring Term thereof/for the appointment
-f Ccouwaissioners to divide" the sam6 under the
Itatute in such cases mad, and piov'ided.
FLEMING, L Jan 26-3ih A tt'ys, fbr Petitioner.


IR E M 0 VAL. ,:g
FLORENCE MIASKOSKI,


SWATCIIMAKER AND JEWELER,
i Fernandina, Fla. -L-:


JL- fA 'Bt.JI*J yy X'Jn j v jpn tii~iotmu v vnv ^muin,
[x'nl',l-~.- I TIE U. S. M. STEAMERS

BOOTS, SHOES & GAITERS, iA MA
W1.10WIC THEY ARF- OFFERtNG AT AW

Remarkably Low Prices! ,4
o -.... ae y c .L J^
-, ... Their Stock consists in part f WILL ISSUE TICKETS TO AIL PERSONS
desiring'to attend the Charleston Convention for
Ladies' Dress G0ods, the sum of -Zight Dollars for the round trip.
going and returning, Theseitickets will be good
White and Colored Brilliants, rom the 20th of April to the lst of May.
TAYlLOR & BECIKIIAM, Agents.
Fancy and Maurning Prints, April 6
:- White os, Hosiery, Domestis, Administrator's Sale,
.jadieO, Gentso and Chitldren's,
0t ."t I W it BE SOLD in the Town of Waldo, on
MIS, e s aid Gaiters, tV the 21st of April next, the following de-
'-* scribed property, to-wit J Lots one and twoj in
6 R O CEWt S fW Vblock lp, Lot 16 in block 16, 7f9 96-100 wres,
east half of the South east quarter of section 20,
In township 6, of Raige 22 East. Pfoperty be-
longingg to the estate of J. J. Smallwood.
'OF EVERY DESCRIPTION, WX. TEMPLE, Adm'k.
A-Va, ** I Mar. 22 4'a td
NEdi* and House Furnishing 2 -; o -
3 rCIL-wVC AT=.94>O,
a W3" an SEI ^% ^Will be sold in the Town of Waldo, on the
*d f21st of April next, thefollowing described pio-
_C. BP -.-- porty, to'wit,-One large StOM6 HouseI, inile
-CARPENTERS' TOOLS, NAILS, &c. &c. from Waldo, situated on the Florida Railroad, 5
acres of land, and two buildings oft the south
To 'Which they invite the attention of all. east quarter, of the south east quarter of sec-
n lItion22, in township 8, south of range 21 east,
-:", ,SBERSNARD & BUERR near Waldo, Property belonging to the estate
March 22 tf of J. J. Smaallwood.
-7 ~WXl TEMPLE, Adm'r.

;o0-partne h'sti Dissolved I Mar2 --,o:43-
4rpE firin of RATMSEY & RAIXET, Bag this I& Mn fi C> z
JL dav been dissolved by Inutftal consent. All Will b sl i t T
PeisoflW"indebted to the late firm are hereby Will be sold in the Town of Waldo, on the 21st
rectified to make immediate payment-to either of of April next, the following described property
the undersigned, as the business must be promptly to-wit."-East half of the North east quarter,
sated*. .. :C,-A. RAMSEY. section 30, in township 7, S of raage 31 E,
W. C. IL RA1NEY. 80 64-400 aere's.
Gainesville, Fla., Mar. 22, 1860. ALSO:
":, I f^- TT"I Will to -e sold n the city of Fernandina, oni the
-5th of May,. (he property below specified, to-wit:
THE undersigned having purchased the in-. Lots 27 and 28, in square 13, 25 feet on Centre
terestof W. C. H. hainey, m the late firm of street, 100 feet deep.
Iaiuiioy & Ra.iney, %ifll continue the business at No. 291 in the same block, bounded north by
the 6], stand as ffaikerly. Thankful for past Centre street, 100' feet deep.
favors, he -olicits tbe patronage of Lot No. 4 in block X9. 50-being 100 feet
.*^--__. ^Iri front on Ash", whirift botinds it on thle South, and
X J B. T5ANNI JH X 3M 40w 1J0l:i feet ua,, N 'rth stre:.t, which h .Iin-l6 it -ino ie
VWest.
ustomeras, and hopes Ly, koeping g,-.,:,d t,,cks, and WM. TEMPLE, Adui'r
disp,.,sinrg of the ame at rea31jnable prices. I-) Mar. "'2 43 id
Aneiit the confide I e and ultain the cufiom of
the claw of purywaserfl netilio~uaxl. *n r-n ~ _
.,f ,ser t,. A. RAMSEY. NOW RECEIVING
.i le F T."x4Y S.-.hr Blarki.ir,., frr.m- Baltimore,
.Wr. -- *l' "*--'.r. 10t)O bshellB LEST H'"ITE CORN.
50 bar relic FLOUR.
r r- Mch 15 BROuNIE & THiOMPSON.


t T~pB~rcXHAM-.v cfv,vmn tC-partnership D ssolved !
=4l06 pE Firm of EV]fRETT I LEE. is dissolved'
W10ig Aby.mutual ionsent. and the business here-
I the amc w LEE & CO.,
viilbosold bythem.
L IE.E &CO.'


%20% A N energetic young matt is wanted in each
section of thie South and Wbst, to act as
agent.in an easy and useful business, by which
CHANGE OF- -. DU E...the above wages mdy certaiin.y be realized.--
CHANGE OF- S DULE IV There is no "humbug h'ere.,I JFor fdl
N and after February 21 60,t erms, &e., address (i including stamp
N adafer ebuar X, 0,daiy Ps-to paj returri l pstagej W. R TERRY.,
0 senger Trains will run as follows : Jan 532 tf Ipkingham, N. C.
Leave Fernandina at ............... 2.00 P. M.
Baldwin at..................:.4.55 ;4 N O J C 2
Starke at......................6.30 IX months afterdate I will (as Administra-
'; Waldo at ..................... 7.15 O trix of fbe E stdte of John A. Cavedo,) pre-
( Gainesville at ............... 8.20 11 sent my aecoynt and vouchers, to the Judge of
Archer at ..................... 9.15 Probate of Nassau County, for final settlement,
Arrive tBronn.................9... andiwill all the same time, ask-to be discharged
Arrive at Bronson .................. 9.51 t from the administration of said Estate.
Leave Bronson at....................3.00 A.M 6- -6I A. sCAVEDO i
". Archer at..................... 3.30 Ja 26-6m Admiaisttatrix.
Gainesville at ............... 4.30 S'OX3 MzLle
Waldo at ..................... 5.20 NEGROWOMAN .bou thirty yea ft.
Starke at ..................... 6.00 I of gg. She iU an excellent% house-l)S
Baldwin at...... ..............7.55 servant and is sold for no fault. For fur k
Arrive at Fernandina .. ......... 10.46 -4 other particulars apply to
D. J. TAYL0t'R,
Freight Train *ill leave Fernandina on Mon- Oct. 20z22-tf Fernandina.
days, Wednesdays and Fridays, at 4.20 A. M.,
and returning leave Bronson, on Tuesdays, DR. D. P. CUTCf IN
Thursday and Sathrdays, at 3.10 A. M. 1). P. 1 UT1 IN
tT'These Trains connect with Boats to and from FFERS MAt Professioaal services to thfe citi-
Charleston dail9 and with Boats to and from 0_ zen. of Fernandina and adjacent country.
Savannah four times a Week. Dr. C. will be found at Wr. Cohen's Drug Sforo
Through Tiekets between all the above Sta- during the day, and at the Pioneer Hotel at
tions and Charleston, can be secured by the daily night. feb.'16-38-tf
Boats, and between all the above Stations and
Savannah, at r;educed rates by the Steamer A FEW SCtlO BOOKS, 3PRAYER
Augusta, which leaves Fernandina on Wednes- X Books, Hymn Books. &c, &c., at
days and Saturdays, and SaVannah on Mondays BRO0ME &-THOMPS6N'S.
and Wednesdays. -
_reight will also be taken by the Steamer Lime and flV !
Augusta at two-thirds of present rates. tV
Persons desiring to avail the'thse!lts-of these 300 Casks Fresh Burnt time,
redubod rates, should notice particularly the 300 300 Bales Superior Hay.
sailing days of the Augusta, and instruct their For sale by ROUX CO.,,
agents as to shipping; Jan 19-tf Fernandina.
A. H. COLE, Sip't.
Fernandina, Feb. 20, 1860. JAMES BANKS. F. M'LEOD, ,
.P OI !__ _Lake City, East Fla. Lake Ciy,. East Fla.
BANKS & M'LED,,
THE citizens of Fernandina are informed that
I will deliver LUMBER of all descriptions ATTORNEYS AT LAW
at the Rail Road De'pot ip Fefnandin'Si at the rate AND
of *l4.,0 cents per. tousand feit, I will SOLIPITOBD IN CHANCB,
guarantee said Lum~ber to bo 0f the very best OLICITO IN CHNCERY
quality, free from all i mpertsctions, and of uni- Lake City, Columbia County, East FIa.
form thickness. I will deliver the rough-edge Wi n to a business orntrus
plank, suitablS for lot buildings, for Seven Dol- W io 1 pT promptly attend toiahlC bt s iness trusted
farsperthosan. Csh uatm at csesac-to thet cute'in the Counties of NassaiuV Duval.
lars per thousand. Cash must in all eas8 ac- Marion, Sumyteri Alachua, Columbia,-and Ham-
company th1e- d. JAS. PICKLESi. ilon County, of the Middle Circuit, k&, hi the'
July 14-8 Starke, fla. R. R ^ntid Stategstrict Courts. mar. 22-ly
A,T,,,,,:,;.4... ^-,+^< ^T-H,., l -- __.rv _.. ---- .


IF-ORl SAtLii!
r Hb sbscribert have on hiidel a T I L L
r which tW'e, desire to' sell. It is'n6arly new,
having been run only one yeat-in size it will
hold fifteen, barrels, and is co'mplb'tb in all its
fixtures. We will sell it on ix monthly t'me by
giving good City acceptance. Apply to Roux &
Co., Fernandina, or to F. M. Myrell, Stemniboat
Agent, Savannah, or to' the subscribers.
TEMPLE & BRO.
Waldo, Fla.
- g Jaqksanville Standard, Savannah News,
and Chatlestm Cou'rier, will advertise once a
* week for four weeks and send bill to this office.
Feb. 16 38 4t


Grocery sord
ON


S SECOND S,'T'.R E E T ^
where will be oonsgtapl on n: t&e fo=4 owing-
articles, viz :HlIOur,, Bacon, Pork Wis ,ota-.
toes, Onions, T4a i; SifS.^aroffoe,j ae, u~ttet<,
Lard, Soap,. Candles. Syv a64 Vinegar. AlsO
Liquors aad ,real Hava" d 4.ges, i Qth0e.
things too numerous to rdeltion. Cuntaly oYd0fai
promptly attended to., 1, 1 1 r
Toras. Caah. JAS )CUKBLLY & lag -.,
. Decm.er I f.mo

SBROOiMB THOMPSO H f
,jjAVJR. BBCHIVEVf BEAUTIMY S--'
. SORTMENT of

'Ladiesd Drf 6O '
CONSISTING OF ... .. i
,,, .:. ; ^Lf^C0rAd PLAIDS" "


fl A -M'r-''t -RTl L


"UA~ajHJBKJI-B, .. .. .
WOOL D LANES,
MOUbSSELI E DELAINES, .. ,:
DjeBERGliS,"
DRES SILKS, -* .. ,
...... ..... ; CHALLIES,
ROBES A'nJPE, &c.. &c.. *^,", ,
S CLVOAKS, SHAWLS, 'i."; ETC.:
S CALL Alb SEE.
October 13


Alllllllllms tH1U s lUot[Iv ;
A LL per;-..n. in'lobteld to thui e.talo ..f J J
-1 fmialhic...J, lute -.-f W ald.1, 'la ,h.:.asell,
aire rt.ai -4k-i to make ume,.liate ipayment v ,in,
th.:c haning.:laim- agamit -.iiJ esiate, are \r-
quetrv'l t., present ithem dully a thv e ,lict utud,
w ithil, ItU liiu^, pre?.:iib','-,l ) w.%v.
WI 1. C. TEM 11LV. AdImf'r
Mar. 1-40-if W ll,.,, Fla.

GEORGE BELL,


THIIFrY d[y.D aftec the date of ittas notice,
apl.lr.ati,,n' will ke made by me, to. the
II.-,n Judge4." "i' -r1at(-, of Alachua County, at,
of J J. Smalhn.>,..d, laie of said Cointy. dcc'd.
r.,r l< purp-'.... :'of p"3 ng the debt of said J.,3.
;nalhl-....J. WM. C. TEMPLE,
M,1r 15-4r Adm'r.


Fresh' Crn C ao d irris lw for Cash.
pblic ae'notid talit ite" FIWAN
li ,DINA" gRIST, MrLL," isio daily opera-
tion, alid firfefh'Melil, Grits, or Cori>, can bo h&d
at any timq and ii" anyquantityi-ground -
shipped t6 order The Meal and Grit.ihbll be.
cetan and free of bran, if required. Addves-i.
Fernahdina, Grist Mill, or,
ar^. It;t -IVIt '~i'Jt


DR. JOHN P. WALL,
A VINO'. permanently located in Fernanot'na,,
respc,.-!"lly (,ffers his services in the prac--
tice "
SURGERY, MEDICINE/&c.,
I') the inhabitants of the city and & i4ir, itv.
^.OFFICE at the P.,ator Hotel. "',


HENRY C. DOUVIK,
JOHN D. BROOME. "
,i Am.


Al-. A


..r OP5


Iu -/i '


CHARLESTON ADVERTISEMENTS&


GREAT EXCITEMENT
AT THEl
CHARLE3TON CONVENTION!
CAUSED by the large, well assorted, and
che.p stock of

Miscellaneousmand School Books,
JUST RECEIVED
AT THE

Fernandina Book Store!
Consisting of Ebony, Pearl and Silver Pen eoldo
ers, Gold and Steel Pens, Card Cases, Visiting
Cards, Chess-men and Boards, Back-gammon
Boards, Dominoes, &c., &c.
Ladies' Port Folios, Ladies' Work Boxes, and
many other articles.

Waverly Novels-complete Library style ;
Works ot Mrs. Hentz, Mrs. Southworth, Dr.
Dick's, Dickens, T. S. Arthur, Library Edition
of a!] the Poets. In fact, almost anything you
wish, sold at Charleston and Savap ah
Prices. Call and give me a trial.
-TERMS CASH. T. J. WOMBWELL,
Agent.
P. S.-Patronize your own men aud build up
;he great Southern City !" mar. 15-6m


FERNAND!NA HOUSE,
,s:o F L A .
": .E.^[ s mi Ap3. *.


E. P. CUYLEI
238 KING .StREET, (ih lt B, ,,.0)
OPPOSITE DihAtJ^AIN STREkTT;
KEEPS CONSTAtLt 0-L^ OiiLN
A SUPPLY OF FRESl


GOODS FOk THE FALL fkAt
Attention i0 called to the large assortment of

Germah Zephyr Worste'
EMBROIDERY PATTERNS.
CANVASS, FLOSS, SEWING TWIST
Embroidering Silks.

Worse a-js

Of all shades and colors: for EMBROIDERING
Lead Dresse, Rigolettes,
Worsted Shoes, Leggins.
MITTS AND MITTENS.
Worsted Sacks, Mantles) Opera Hoods
Lace and Mnslin Embroidered Collars,
Sleeves and Chemizetts,
FUR MUFFS,-CAPES AND CUFFS,
Sasb, Belt, Sarcenet and Scotch Plaid Ribbons
CHENAILLE, BEADS, BUGLES,
-GOLD AND SILVER BRAID,
All the Newest Styles of Dres.s, Cloak and


Together' with a splendid variety of

French & Fancy Articles,
FOR
4adcc i in g7


BIRTH-DAY PRESENTS,
At 117i,../.i, and Retail. I.
!T.IOrders for nil kindsOf E/ul.r..;. -ri.., Tra-
ciiig, 1c;, wiht be promptly attended to.
E. P. CUe-LER, -
238 KIN(d STREET,
C-IARhLETON. S. C,
Dec. 15 6m


d ~ arhMe: cc ~r~ rr3r 6


DAILY PAPER
IN


NEW STORE!

FRESH DRUGS!
Genuine Chemicals!!

Imported and Dometid Perfumeries!
WARRANTED OF THE BEST QUALITY.

DR. 1. 00iun
EGS to inform the eitieips of Fernandina
and Eastern Florida, generall, ihaht'he is
now prepared to furnish them such go'b'ts as are
usually to be found in a
First Class Drug Store,
Every article has been selected b, him with
the utmost care as to QUALITY, and he flatter
himself that his long experience as a Physician
has enabled hin, to use such care as will recom-
mend his goods to Physicians and those desiring

Pure lMedicines.
Ik.vi "ng purchased his goods for Cash, he has
concluded to adopt the CASH PRINCIPLE in
selling, and %ill not be vnderod in any South-
ern market.
"-A dll fs respectfully solicited by
Ji COHEN, MA. D.
g77PIhysicians Prescript!ols put up at
any hieur of he Day or Night;
Nov. 11- 26 Iy

CANDY FACT04RY
---AND---


FERNANDINA, FLA.
THE subscriber wouid respectfully infor-.0 the
public afld Merchants -in the Country par-
r' .r- hy, that `;is





Any orders for CANDY, BREAD oir CAKE
BAKING, DRESSED PYRAMIDS, or SMALL-
ER ICED CAKES, of any description, for Pa
ties, &c., will be put up i the best style, with
dispatch ti. at w61dcirnaye prices.
In CAdKLiEin to f he anye e"o5ffersi forPalera
,1tage,_.variety of Goods, carefully selected by
himself in New York, and such as are generally
found in a good Confectionary-among which h3
would name the following articles :
Choice oegars and Tobacco, together with a fine
selection of rea! Meerschaum Pipes, impor-
ted and Domestic Liquors alpd Wines,
for Medical Purposes, Pickleo and '
Sauces, Nuts, Alfnonds,Raisons,
Dates, Sardines, gweet.-
meats, Jellies, Teas,
Chocolate,
LEMON SYRUP, of his own make, &c., &c.
--ALSO r---
A LARGE ASSORTMENT OF
Toys, Doll-bqbies, lillow Baske&s,
And a great many other Fancy, ioeionn. Please
give a cll cdrtf tee for yourselivs';
.F-Ciq or c.r.k'g.fron; foe country will be
'promptly attended ti.b"
: .?; STARK.
* Oct. 20 t1 2 tf

'NOW IN STORE!
1W1 hive Yfst fa~etV'ei by the' 'Bdrque F.
S B A ] S-," .
400 bushels Egyjtian Black Oats.
00Q dd'. s _er iarE nd White Oats.
100' do.., Fddtfye.
5 barrbli Super Fine Flour.
do. Exitra Family.Flour.
100. do. Super Irishr Po 9&es.
10 do. Onions, ;
10 do. Apples.
1000 Ibs. BUTTERL
400 Ibs. CHEESE.
15:00 Ib1. LEAF LARD'.
350 Bal6s Hay.
5000 tbs. BACON.
2000 lbs. HAMS. -
25C Pairs Extra Negro BLANKETS ;
AND A HEAiVY STOCKOP
Clothing, Furituxe, Kerseys, Osnaburgs,
Brogans, &c., &C.,
All of which .will b4 sold .
r4 y.LoW FOR CASH;
Or, i. Exchange for Cotton.
0BRO IE & THOMPSON.
oct. 20 i" f2 tf


THIRD SESSION


Corn, Bacon, Flour, &ci,
10 ,000f~\r Bushels of Corn.
1/5 U^ ,U_ 10SOU"Wb, Sides and Shoulders.
3000 Ibs. HAMS-some very choice.
80 barrels Superfine and Extra Flour.
25 Kegs Prime Butter.
800 bushels Oats.
500 bales Hay,
WITH A LARGE STObK OF
STAPLE AND rIANCY
BI{ 600D


AUJRNITURE,
Boots a 1-' 1- I,,ev, Et'tis and Caps, Crock-
try .i. i. ,,:,'B,.wnre, IIai'd-ace and
Culh.y. .-'],,'hIL' Saddlety,
Agricultual [ emenil,
And a-great *al',iw ov 0( ,,,h.., ftieiicl-:.
ch1ange for CASH", COTTON, NAVAL
STORES, HIDES, or GOOD CITY AC-
CEPTANCES. by
aBROON1E & THOMPSON.
April 40 tf


EDUCATION!
Fernadind a Female Seminary.
Ihe se~et7nd yearsbf-Iiais-iour-
t. ish- Institute, under the superintendence
o4 MiLl E. P. BROWNE (late of Charleston,
'S, C.) will, owmeneo on onday the third of
October 1859.
The healthy and romantic location of this de-
ligntful city renders it a very desira-ble point for
a Female College.
Good board on reasonable terms can be ob-
tained in private families, or with. the Principal.
Also good medical attendance in case of ill-
,ness.
It is the design of the Principal and Teachers
to make echool a home, and study a pleasure.
Superior advantages for Music, Drawing .and
Painting. Eyery thing will be. done- for acquir-
ing a thorough and accomplished Education.
RHFr'itmmK
The citizens of iernandina gent'rlly.
Bishop Rutledgo of FloY-ida,
R Kev. J. B. Campbell, Chaiisiba6n 9S..,
Rev. C. P. Gadsden. CC
Rev. Ciantnore Wallaei ,
Dr. Wm. M. Fitch, -
Professor eie4b'aalt, 61nd oMthes.
June 16 f859... 4 "m


I


LAW NWTIGE;
-pRE .undersignied. h~aving renwved his Atir-,
_ .L dence from Jacksonville to Fomandia, will.
"continue thiiprae'ie (" the l inti-al yi :Ourts.
of the Eastern Circuit 6f Floeida; and tha1.
United Stats> District Court, it St-,4jgk'jiVe.-
,Addriis' me' at this place. v "
'' FELIX LtVINGgT6ON,-
-Att aty w, andfolicitor in Chancer,
. Ferfiandiria Sept. 26th 1857 .


GROCERIES




T HE SUBSORIBERS WOLULDtRBSS: .T-,
F.LLY inform the citizen of.-. Feriandinal
.and surroundingg country, that they beao j ast
opened.a "

AND


Millinery & Dress Making,
MRS. D. ONES
H AVING- locatedd in the City of Fernandina,
is prepared to furnish fhe L dies of the
City atdc vicinity, witlh the most. approved
styles of
BONNETSU FLATS, RIBBONSt
Flowers, Laces and Embroideries,
with many other Fanc'y Articler-wh0lesalM or
retail-on the most reasonable terms for*CASH.
g i' Orid irom' tlh'e' cofdry promptly at-
tended to. feb. 16-38-3m


DOZIER & BROOME
Generat commission ermhatts
AND DEALERS IN

DRY UUODHS
GROpERIES-
H-A RDWARE, S&e.

FERNANDI1CK F'L,;A.
rj H E tin'dersigned' hav0. this' dayat s
TL foime d copartnership under the H
name andstyle of the above entitled
firm, for the purpose of carjrying-o* aan
GENERAL MERCANTILE BUSINESs.
*- 4 j f7
They wt'rill kebp always on hand a good as-
sortment ef
M -:>ry G-ood3,

and everything.in their line needed by Mer-
chants and4 Planters generally, which they will,
sell as low as -can be bought in the market for
(3 j asli'or Country Prodkpdu ? i ,
In addition to their General Busineis, t'e'y
will also do a ......
RBclviug," Forwar InIIaf* 1puoWI8is1tot
Business.' "
qtrictta~tieti p aiath thefalb of Cotton
ard, other Prodo .. .


LAND AGENCY
fo6 THt
SllATE OP FLORIDA.
TrHE subSicitboY,; having been' onnected with.
the Florida Division of the General Land
Office in Waahiigton, for the past. seven', years,
would respectfully inform the citiZens'Of Florida, .
thatkhe his establised a* Agency ai Fernan-
dina, for the' trahkw'ation of public Land business
b'cforethe tkentral and 0Orfe'.
He will attend to cobtestect eases, corTecting
Lirroro of Entry afid Location, perfecting Gra-
duation aml Pre-emption Entries' and Armed
Occupation Claims,
Attention' also given to prosecuting Bounty
Land, and P]ension Claims ;: purchaMsing, selling,
fin'l l,,cat i.jg Land' Warrants, and' all other Busi
ness relating to Public La'as. J a.
*'""x t .E COiNfAXT.
Vernandina, lt Dec. 1859.
RErE R E N C E ':
Ron. S. A Smith, Coihnkis'r. General Land Offioe.
Hon. J.S. Wilson, A'cting'Com'r.. 1 c I
Dr. Wm. V. H. Brown, Chief Clerk Pablic Lands,
Hov. D. L. Yulee .........Hon. Geo. S. Hawkins,
Hon. Geo. W. Call......... Eg-Gov. J. E. Broome.
A. H. Cole, EsqJ..........Joseph Fineeaa, Esql
M. A. Will:am,8 Esq. ~


CASH ADVANCES
ON

T-HIE UNDE-SrGNPD WILI, J 'A9SE LIBE-
RAL cabh d4yarMves on any uanzity OS
cotton-shipped to their friends for salq in Savan-
nah, Charlestpn, Nev iurk or Livorpgol
Dcmber1, BROOME& THOMPSON..




























































































































































House Keeping Articles!


J B. DUVAL & SON,
298 KING STREET,
CHARLESTON, S. 0.
DEALERS IN


FIRE, MARINE AND LIFE


- ------ -- --- -- -- -


-


----


_______ ____


FLORIDA RAIL ROAD.
AT a meeting of the Board of Dircelors ofthe
Florida, Railroad Company held at Fert%
dina on the 7th dayofNovember, A. D. 1857, the
following resolution was adopted;
WmHotEAs, The work on the Florida Railroad
having advanced to a condition which binge it in]
co useful connection with. the business of the in -
terior, and the pri. hilly of a y nc eta ssIfui pro-
secution of it [oihe en-l being reasonably donmon-
strated, 4cher0,,mpany wt1iit.h ha s thus far conduct-
ed the enterprise consider that a point has been
reached'where they may hope to be met by the
confidencewand co-operation of the" Planters and
merchants of the interior.,
Therefore Resolved, That the Secretary be de-
rected to invite subscriptions to the Stocks of the
Company upon the saine terms as heretofore, and
to take such steps as may afford the most con-
venient opportunity) to the inhabitants of th;erv-.
eral interested counties to take Stock.
A true copy from the minutes.
GEO. W. CALL, See'l.


J. E. SUARES,


~


I


The Last Notice!
A L' ersons indebted to the subscribers, are
hereby notified that unless payment is
made before the .rpring'Term of Court, their
notes and accounts will be most p,,iiibrci placed


~9~~-~


<%-


-lo Y


CHARLESTON ADVERTISEMENTS.


I


PUBLISHED IiVCT-RY. "T"HtillajP-
DINA, NASSAU 7CCIW -TNMy.FkA.
T ER MS,_-., .00 Dc_. a.. in tI
TEAIs,:--$2.00 per annual inz -"


~ Corner of A and Third Strlets,


SCALE OF PBIUE9 ,
To be charged by the Press of Florida for e,.
ery description of Advertising.


FERNANDINA, FLA.,


1 Square, (occupying the space of 12
Brevierlines, or less.) loinsertion, $1 00
EVor every subsequentiiiscri Ion .. 50
1 Square, 3 months... .................... 5 W
S 6 .................. 8 Of
1 1 year ........................ 12 00'


AUGUSTA,
Having been purchased expressly for this Route,
will hereafter make regular tri-ps between the
above named ports, touching at Brunswick and
Hlamilton Landing only. 1
Leaving Savannah every Monday and Thurs-
day, at 3 O'clock, P. M.
Returning, leaves Fernandina every Wednes-
day and Saturday, at 1I o'clock, A. M.
Making close connections at Fernandina with
the Florida Rail Road, and thence to all points
in the interior of Florida.
IF[ Passage, $4.00.
e-Freight taken at one-third below present
rates.
Cotton from Fernandina to Savannah, 50c. per
bale.
JOHN C. FRASER & CO.,
Mar. 15-tf Savannah, Ga.

U. S. IAIL ROUTE.
FOR CHARLESTON, S. C.


4


GEORGE S. SETON,
At Charleston or Fernandina.
29 tt


2 1 I
3 1 '
4 c 1 "
1-3 colu'n 1 "
1-2 4 "
1 1 "


.......................... 20 00
........ ................. 25 00
. .......... 30 .
......................... 4000
......................... 60 00
.........................100 00


Deo.8


Our DPESS STOCK is supplied with all the newest and richest Styles of the Season, together
with a largo assortment of


The Fort Clark Plantation

THIS Plantation is ft portion of ggiB,
the Aredondo Grant, in Ala-
chua County, East Florida, and^^l ,
contains

1000 ACRES;
One-half of which is cleared and in cultivation.
The improvements are NEW, AMPLE AND
CONVENIENT-the locality good, being only
six miles from Gainesville, and three from the
Florida Rail Road, with a Baptist and Presby-
terian Church in the immediate neighborhood.
The character of, the soil is pine land-mixed
land and hammock.
With the place will be sold. if desired, CORN,
FODDER, and tho stock of
HO G.7 CATTLE, &c.
R7'Persons wishing to prrebase lands in Flo-
rida, will do well to examine the above place
before investing elsewhere.
-yt. Z Fetner, on the plantation, will show
the lands, &c., to any-one wishing to buy. '
EVFor further particulars enquire at this
Office. Nov. 3-24-tf


Estate and Legal Notices to be
charged the same as transient
Advertisements, except Notice of
Dismission as Administrator, for
which the charge shall be ....... .. 10 00
Advertisements handed in for publication,
not specifying the number of insertions,
to be published till forbid and charged


I Prize of.....$50,000
2 Prizes of..., 20,000
2 Prizes of .... 10,000
2 Prizes of .... 6,000
2 Prizes of .... 5,00%1
2 Prizes of.... 4,000
2 Prizes of.... 3,000
2 Prizes of.... 2,000


100 Prizes of.... 1,000
170 Prizes of.... 600
65 Prizes of... 100
65 Prizes of.... 75
65 Prizes of.... 60
65 Prizes of.. 50
1,810 Prizes of 40
27,040 Prizes of 20


In accordance with above scale.
Contract advertisement payable quarterly,
advertisements for strangers and transient per-
sons payable in advance. All others'will bo
considered due when called for. .V
BOOK &; JOB PRINTING.
In connection with this establishment is a BOOK
& JOB PRINTING OFFICE, where every de-,
scription of Printing is executed with neatbee
and despatch. Particular attention paid to U-
kinds of Mercantile Printing.
WASHINGTON


32,396 Prizes amommting to......... .81,186,,7P6


Whole Tickets $20; Halves $10; Quarters $5
Eighths a2,50.
Certificates of Packages will be sold at the fol-
lowing rates, which is the risk.
Certificate of Pack'ges 26 Whole Tickets $299 00
26 Half 149 50
i26 Quarter 74 75
ot 26 Eighth 37 37

THE ORDINARY DRAWINGS
of Wood, Eddy & tCos. Single Number Lotteries
* will take place in public, as follows-
* Class 62 Draws on Saturday, March 3, 1860.
Class 63 Draws on Saturday, March 10,1860.
Class 64 Draws on Saturday, March 17,1860.
'Class 65 Draws on Saturday, March 24,1860.
Clauss66 Draws on Saturday, March 31, 1860.
Clas67 Draws on Saturday, April 7,1860.
Class 68 Draws on Saturday, April 14, 1860.
Class 69 Draws on Saturday, April 21,1860.
lia aso 70 Draws on Saturday, April 28, 1S60.
Nearly One Prize to every Nine Tickets.
ORDINARYY DRAWING,
To take place as above specified.
1'Grand Capital Prize of 8S0,000
I Prize cf...... $20,000 1 Prize of.....81,500
1 ". ....;. 10,000 50 ........ 500
1 ........5,000 160 ....... :.400
1 ........ 4,000 100 ...... .300
1 ...:.....3,0 0 100 ........ I50
100 .......... 100

APPROXIMATION PRIZES.


FOGARTIES & STILLMAN,
257 King Street, corner of Wentworth,
CHARLESTON, S. C.


Dec. 15-30-6m


THOSE. McMILLAN.
11 :--


Aug.4, 1859


EDUCATION.
A LADY Is desirous of obtaining a situation
as Governess in a private family or as
Teacher in some School. She has no objectio-
to going into the country. The most satisfac-
tory references can be given. For further infor-
mation apply at the office of the East Floridian,
Oct 20 22 tf
GEORGIA

STATE LOTTKEY
FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE
MONTICELLO UNION ACADEMY,
OF JASPER COUNTY, GEORGIA,
Authorized by Special Act of the Legislature.
25828 PRIZES.
More than One Prize to every Two Tickets.
McKINNEY & CO-, Managers.
CAPITAL PRIZE



TICKETS ONLY $10.
Halves, Quarters and Eighths in proportion
TO BE DRAWN
EACH SATURDAY IN OCTOBER, 1859
In the city of Savannah, Gtorgia.
Class 39, to be drawn October 1, 1859.
Class 40, to be drawn October 8, 1859.
Class 41. to be drawn October 15, 1859.
Class 42,' to be drawn October 22. 1859.
Class 43. to be drawn October 29, 1859.
MAGNIFICANT SCHEEME.
1 Prize....of...... 960,000...is$...... 60,000
1 ....of........20,000 .... is ........ 20.000
'-1 ...eo ...... 10.000 ....1is........ 10.000
I ....of.........*5,000....is .........a5,000
1 ....of......... 4,000 .... is....... A OO0
1 ....cf ......... 3,000....is ...... A000
1 ....of.........2.000 ....tis .........2,O00
1 .. ,of.........1000 .... is ......... 1,000-,
1 .....of.........1.500 .... is.......... 1,500
1 .' .... of..........1.100....is ......... 1.100
5 Prizes of..........1,000 .... are ........ 5,000
10 ...of............ 500....are........_.500
2 ...of.............400....-are .......... 800
2 ...of............300....are ..........600
2 ...of..... ...... 200....are .......... 400
50 ...of ............ 150...are ........ 7,500
J0OQ- ...nf ............l!l,...a'e ...... 10,000
100 ...(if...... .......' .. .....9,500
100 ...of .............. 85...are..... ...5i,0n


m


Iron. "WoraEs.
NEWBURGH, N. Y.

THE subscribers would respect-
fully announce to their friends and the pub
lie that having recently added to their estab
lishment the entire stock of TOOLS, PATTERNS,
&c., from the Highland Iron Works, they are
prepared to furnish at short notice
Marine and Stationary Steam Engines and Boil-
ers of every description.
Propeller and Propeller Engines, of all sizes.
Portable Steatm Engines and Boiler, from 2 to
12 horsepower.
Sugar Cane Mill and Sugar Refining Maelinery.
Including Vertical and I-orizontal Mills ferw
Horse or Steam Power, for Plantation Use, Boil-
ers, Ladles, & c. *
Grist Mills for Wheat and Corn, with attendant
'Machinery. "
Gang Circular and Sash Saw Mi:ls, of most mod-
ern construction.
Brick Machinery, for Horse or-Steam Power.
Bark Mills and General Mill Workfor Tanners.
Wrought and Cast Iron Pipes for Stqam, Water
or Gas
Shafting, Hangers, Pulloy, Pillow Blocks, and
all descriptions cf Geering.
Iron and Brass Castings of every variety.
Wrought and Cast Ir.nqitliings for Rail Road
Cars.
Artesian 'Well Tubes, of all sizes, with both
Screw and Locket Joint.
Wrought and Cast iron Railing for Fences, Vo-
randahs, &o.
All of our work will be delivered on shipboard
in New York, if required, free of any- extra
charge.
Being near the City of New York, and in ready
communication with all parts of the country, 'ae
subscribers can at short notice supply all demands
for any description of-machinery in the f6regoiug
schedule, (n the mostreasouable terms.
Referenee may be bad to the following gentle-
men now using our Machinery.
Messrs. Peacock & Sasht-Madison C. H., Fla.
Col. J. B. Standley. Nownansville, Fla,
S. M. Hull, Esq., Little River, ColumbiA, Fla.
MeFsrs Andersdn & "3uilock, Silver Sprihgi Fla.
E. B6uknight, Micanopy. Fla.
G. W. Means, '
J. M. Feaster, 6
J. G. Cameron, "
Messrs. Broo-ne & Thompson, of Fernandina,
will act as our agents for the State of Florida:-
and keep constantly on hand Sugar Mills, for
Plantation Use with Pans, Boilers, &c., &o:
Mr. E. F. Bell, of Micanopy, will also act as a
local Agent for receiving orders and putting up
Machinery. c ..
Any order transmitted through our Ageoats a
above, will icccive our Ij erupt atrwntion.
I. sT.\;ITON A CO.


THE SUPERIOR SEA STEAMERS


A


4 Prizes of
4 '
4- |
4 t ,
4 *
4 *
6,000 "


$400 Ap. to
300
250
225
200
160
100
20 are


$50,000 are $1.600
20,000 are 1,200
10,000 are 1,000
5,000 are 900
4,000 are 800
3,000 are 600
1,500 are 400
100,000


6,485 Prizes amouting to............... $320,000


Whole Tickets $10; Halves $5; Quarters $2 1-2.
Certificates of Packages in the Ordinary Draw-
Ings will be sold at the following rates, which is
the risk :
Certificate of Prekage of 10 Whole Tickets, $80
"' 10 Half 40
10 Quarter 20
"- 10 Eighth 10

In Ordering 1Tckets or .Cerliffeates.
Enclose the amount of m,:,ney 0o o01 r address for
what you wish to purchase ; name the Lottery
in which you wish it invested-gnd whether you
wish Wholes, Halves or Qu4-tors, on receipt of
which, we.,.send what ;s ordered, by &ist, mail,
togither-bwiththe sch--eme. .
Immediately after the drawing, a printed
Drawing, certified to by the'commissioners, will
be sent, with an explanation.
Purchasers will please write their signatures
plain, and give their Post Office, County and
State. *
All communications strictly confidential.
All prizes of $1,000 and under, paid immedi-
ately after the drawing. Other prizes at the
usual time of foIiy days. ;. _-* _
... 1WoAEtddy'& Co's Lotteries are
draw-n at Augusta, Ga., andWilmington,
Delaware.* 1
Orders for Tickets or Certificates to be di-
rected to
WOOD, EDDY & CO., Augusta, Geo.
or, WOOD, EDDY,& CO., Atlanta Geo.
or,, WOOD EDDY & CO., Wilmington Del..
K Circulars containing Schemes for the
month, will be sent free of expense, by address-
Ing as above. Oct 13


Dec. 15-30i6m


tf


July 21


Approximation Prizes.


G. W. nAIM,
ISAAC STANTON.
G. M. CLAPP.


$2 0 Ap'g to $60,000 Prize are $800
150 20,000 600
125 10,000 500
100 5,000 400
80 ,OOG 640
60 3,00 480
55 2,000 400
40 1,500 320
20 100 8,000
8 1200,000


4 Prizes of
4
4 '
4 "
8 "
8
8 "
400 "
25,000


may 26-1-tf


25,828 Prifes amounting to : : $366,040
CERTIFICATkS or PACKAGES will be sold
at the following rates, which is the risk :
Certificate of FVkges of 10 Whole Tickets, $60
10 Half Tickets, 30
10 Quarter Tickets, 15
10 Eighth Tickets, 7.50
In Ordering Tickets or Certificates
Enclose the moiley to our address for the tick-
ets ordered, on receipt of which they will be for
warded by first mail. Purchasers can have tick-
ets ending in any figure they may designate.
The List of Drawn numbers and Prizes will
be sent to purchasers immediately after the
drawing.
The list of drawn numbers and prizes will be
sent tc purchasers immediately after the draw-
ing.
NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENCE.
Those who prefer not sending money by mail,
ean use
THE ADAMS EXPRESS COMPANY,
whereby money for Tickets, in sums of
Ten Dollars, and upwards, can be sent us
AT OUR RISK AND EXPENSE,
from any city or town where they have an
office. The Money and order must be en.
closed in a "Government Post office stam-
ped Fnvelope,". or the express company
cannot receive them.
All communications strictly confidential.
Orders for Tickets or Certificates' by
Mail or Express, to be directed
McKINNEY & CO..
OctobsT 3 Savannah, Ga.


4


In pursuance of the foregoing resolution no-
tiee is hereby given.tlmt the books of the Com-
pany are permanently cmpen at Fernandina where
subscriptions may he mgineither in person or by "
letter, the amount of there present assessment being
$10u0 on each share'of $100 00, This Company
is the owner of town sites of, Ferna-dina and Co-
dar Key, and alsQ 750,000 acres o0i had, pro-
perty which had been appraised at over $2,VOo,
000, and it is believed that a further assessmaljt
of from $8 00 to $10 00 per share will m oe suf .i-%
ent to finish the road.


WM. SUMMER,
Pomaria, S, C.


Dec. 23, 1858.---tf


282 AND 284 KING STREET.
OFFERS HIS LARGE AND WELL SE-
LECTED STOCK OF FASHIONABLE
:VTL urnaxl uLre,
which he is constantly receiving by every arri-
val from the North, and principally trom the
best manufactories in New York, consisting of
Rosewood, Walnut, Oak and 'Mahogany Furni-
ture ; Parlor Setts, in Brocatelle, Reps and Hair
Cloth; also, a large assortment of Enamel Cham-
ber Setts; together with a general assortment,
which he'offers on as good and reasonable terms
as any other house.
All orders attended to with dispatch. Goods
carefully packed for the country.
Dec- 15 tf
03L O T -II NK G-

FOR

Gentlemen and" Youth,

A LARGE and FRESH STOCK OF LATEST
AND MOST DESIRABLE STYLES, of the
above named goods, at
JONES & HANABERGH'S,
213 KING STREET,
W'Next to Robert Adger & Co..M
J, C. LOGAN, Super't,
F. C.. MILLER,
E. W. POOSER,
Dee, 15-6m JAMES M NELSON.

PUMPS, PUMPS.


GEO. W. CALL SeMS


jan 13'68


BEEF, BEEF.
THE subscribers having enjoyed a lib- r--3
oral share of the public patronage, for-W.
which they feel very grateful, would notify the
public by way of stronger evidence of gratitude,
that thoy have purchased OVER ONE HUN-
JDRED HEAD OF CHOICE BEEF CATTLE,
and intend keeping their, stalls supplied with the
choicest fresh meats.
Aug. 18-13-tf LANG A CO.


T HE subscriber keeps constantly on hand, and ]
is prepared to furnish
MONUMENTS, SLABS, GRAVE-
STONES, TABLETS,
BAPTISMAL FONTS, &c.,
from the best of Foreign and American Marble.
MOSAIC, BROCATEL, AND'TENNESSEE
MARBLE MANTLES, made to order.
The utmost care taken in finishing the work


01'ty cotjs Jfor Sile.
'WO valuable lots in this.City, Lots No 20
"[.and 21, in Block 1, situated on the corner
.f Second and Alachua Street#. Apply to
,Aug.14-1 tf TAYLOR, BECKrIA & CO


BROOME & THOMPSON ) Attachment.
vs. > Sum Sworn to $194
WILLIAM MIZE. ) Bond Filed $380
N OTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN OF THE
the institution of this suit. All parties are
hereby notified thereof, that they must appear
and plead to the declaration filed in said cause.
October 13 BROOME & THOMPSON.


IX months after date, I will, as Ad'ministra-
tor of the Estate of Leroy J.- Hagin, present
my account and vouchers to the Judge of Pro-
B&te of-Nasau County, f6r final settlement, and
will at the same time ask to be discharged from
the'vinin strat ion of stid Estate.
JOHN H. B. HAGIN,
Oct. 20-22-6= Administrator.


^' -C^^til ^^ ^^ in the most perfect style, -TK --t~ T*^ r~ I n s u r n ce
^^ / 2,11^All orders received will be promptly executed -
and sold at Savannah prices.' Stneto MurTtu iiTrk>aw Co. Athen. n.
A ^ ^ t^ W S^^'T/ B3T~~L~ Silver Modal awarded by the South Caro-oter nalIsaneC.Ahn,.0
lina Institute Fair, in 1857. for the best work. Reserve Fund, .- $20.i000
NORMAN BROWNSON, Agent. ASBI.IRY IIQI.L, President.' :, ,
R.^^ EFERS TO: .ALTON CHASE,$.aretarg,
'tP" -? Col. A. G. Summer, Marion County, Fla, Augusta Iiisuraiir(gand Banklug Cea'.,o
JUST received at Apothrary Hall, a FRESH Ex-Gov. J. E. Broim, Fernandina, Fla. At OUSTA. GEORGIA., _
assortment of GAR D E N and FLOWER Roux & Co., Captal, D'ANTT- 8375.0t .
SEEDS, all of the growth of this year-warrant- Col H. Timanus, ". M. DANTTGident.
ed in kind and good qualities. Rev. Wm M. Kennedy, (9 C. F: MoOAy, Secretary. .
Beets in variety, Beans, do., Cabbage, do., Joseph Finegan, Esq., Southern Mutual Life Insurance C6 "t
Carrot, do., Cucumber, do., Leek-London, Let- Nov. 24 27 tf 'COLUIRVA. S. C.
tucein variety, Mustard, White, Parsley, culled Cash on hand, Sept. 1, 158, *- $167.37
and plain, Peas in variety, Radish in variety, a t r S l 1 on. W. D.'j.iAlV-7|RE, Fresident. *,*
Turnips, do.-Ruta Ba.ga, Yellow and White. F. W. McMASTER, Actuary.
Herhb and Flower `rods Lad/ for S al.e M..CAY, Consulting Aodam.
TF-1.;. IlMl,1ILLAN. T II-S land I iitaialed near the eitv of Fpr- I The uaderiigned i6 prepared to take rlsk s1k
fAr.,-.thl...,r) lall, ir~ ard.u Jl ),,,),.i,,,|ia, Fl.i;da, and e .niains S;, Acres, he above reslcnslble Companref, and frBBth
.%1.t 22 IS l" j a. l.~lll.fXan acre, andV61 lt t.k.,H up,,nrea- well known liberal I PoioY In the sallW06-
I -.,nal.le ternims -,early applinunit,. 'er '.'r.s do. los-ia, ad well as ui gnt
Ea 3Totl( =! | siring I-) pur.ht-- are referred to the printed will reconmeandth to the
T FIE ,unou,,ki, Ac.:.,.unt, or' lf ,,o e firm .I' M,,p ..,f Fcrnmarlira, for its I.eati.n. It has been r ...
YOUNG -1 BEChIiA,, ale in the hin.lof r ieutly re-surreveth and the uTVeyo6 rapotrB My9
the uniJ~rs'?iiBl fur colle,tli,n. All pers..ns in- it as ricb and well wuoded land. ForpMahwvmr- r- -.. 't
,lelbte,/ sillileaa ce oume forwn rd and cittlo the ticul.irs ap ,ly to R. lieFu'l T P, v .T _B
: n;am.,,, k,., r.,, a..,.., t n iQ_ _rr '1u T i' -hnm r T an 1 T6 11, .1 1JiS


C-opartnerslhip Nottce.
T H E undersigned have this
day formed a Copartnership for the practice
of MEDICINE and SURGERY, in all their
branches.
J. F.-LESESNE; M. D.
D. P. BEATTY, M D.
Fernandina, May 26 1 tf


Britannia and Block-Tin Goods, Table Cutlery,
Japanned Ware, Brooms, Bru'shes, Wooden
Ware, Plated Spoons, Forks, &c.
HOUSE-KEEPING HARDWARE,
OF ALL KINDS.


A NEGRO GIRL, named MATILDA, -;
nbuuut 20 years of age, dark complex-t
ion, with a blemish in one 6ye. She form- .
erly belonged to W. Clark, Gainesvillei Fla.
A Rewlard of *'25 will bIaIe pnfbr her delivery,
or if sBolen, S200 fci the thief. She is now own-
etbby H. WESTBERU & CO.,
-Feb 23-39-tf Micanopy, Fla..


JUST received a large assortment of the latest
'approved Patent A %AI W A .XaLR-6Eq,
LIFT, SUCTION AND EORoE PUMPS, OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
for Cisterns, Wells, Railroad Tank? and Planta- Dec. 15 6m
lion use.
The Force Pumps are furnished with hose and W N TED TO PUR HAS
nozzles, so that by the powerofone man, a Lctream WANTED TO R CHASE
can be carried to any part of the largest bui uang, *
thereby forming one of the most ready and eCfi- LONG STAPLED -COTTON,
fient Fire Apparatus now, in use.
Orders receive from Cording & Co's celebra- SHORT STAPLED COTTON,
ted Town Fire Engines, Hrmp, Rubber or Leath-
er Heuse, Suction Pipes, &c., &c. -AND
BROOME & THOMPSON, I-I D E S


Agency for Fairbqnk8 and Co's., Counter and
-latforwm
9S l cIL Xx3

A Good assortment on hand.
Ai BROOME & THOMPSON.


WTO'ICES !
SIX months after date we will (as Executor
and Executrix of the Estate of Thos. King)
present our account and vouchers, to the Judge
of Probate' of Nassau County, for final settle-


3?'o:r 93!


12,000 Acres
OF

L. A 3M X> 4
ON NASSAU RIVER, FLA.
NE of the best timbered Tracts now in the
country ; handy to water, and the greater
portion good

Turpentine Land,
accessible to vessels drawing 10 feet of water;
and also, water communication direct to Fer-
nandina. Apply to


WOOD, EDDY & CO'S
G 6EOR6I6 AND DELAWARE

STATE LOTTERIES!

GRAND CAPITAL PRIZE
100,'000o


THE EXTRAORDINARY DRAWINGS
of Wood, Eddy & Co's. Three Number Lotte-
ries will take place in public, underthe Super
ibtendence of Sworn Commissioners, as follows:
Class 96 draws Saturday, February 25,'60.
Class I'6 draws Saturday, March 31,'W0.
Class 20q draws Saturday, April 28,'60,
Nearly ote Prize to every Two Tickets.

OrankS Extraordinary Drawings,
Te, itike place as above !peeified.
ONE GRAND CAPITAL PRIZE OF

100,000 Dollars!


If


ST E A MBOATS


APOTHECARY


Fernadina and Savannah.


FOGARTIES & STILLMAN.


T-T A631-mZ mm


SEMI-WEEKLY STEAM PACKET,

FREIGHT ANq PASSAGE

GREATLY REDUCED?

THE SUPERIOR AND ELEGANT


SPItNG & sUMpi G0OBSM
:o0:

We would eall the attention of our Country Friends to our large and well selected stock of

P Z3Nrr f S l:^a.~ar<-c

Family, Dress and Plantation Goods.


W HERE is kept --;i
W constantly, on -
hand a full assort- -. "
ment of ^ ^.^ J^-- -

MEDICINES, 7 ...... ,
CHEMICALS' f-"- ^^ =
&c., &c., &c., "-= -^^g
of the best quality. =
Prescriptions put up with Care.
ALSO.:-
Perfumery, Lubin's Extract. Colognes, Pomatum,
Hqair Tonics, Soaps, in variety. Hair Brushes,
Cloth Brushes, Tooth and Nail Brushes,
Shaving Brushes. *
-- ALSO:-
Dye Stuffs, Paints, Oils, Burn'.ng Fluid, Spirits
Turpentine, Varnish, Paint- Brushes, Yel-
low Ochre, Whitirg Spanish Brown,
White-wash Brushes-GLASS of
all kinds, Glue, Chalk, &c., &c.
A L S0 :-Will be found constantly on hand
Landretl's Warranted Garden Seeds,
Flower Seeds and Roots, Plants. Onion Setts, &c.

The best quality of Old Brandies and Wines,
Porter, Scotch & London Ales, Monongahela
Whiskey and Wolfe's Schiedam Schnapps:
Expressly for Invalids and Medical purposes.
--ALSO :-
London Pickles, French and English Mustard,
American, do., Olives, Raisins, Currants
ard Citron.
Center, Table and Mantle Fluid Lamps.
Stationary, Paper. Pens, Ink, Envelopes, &e,
Almanacs gratis.


MANTILLAS, WHITE, CRAPE, STELLA AND BAREGE
SHAWLS, EMBROIDERIES, LACES & WHITE GOODS.

DOMESTIC & PLANTATION GOODS

Are supplied as far as practicable, from SOUTHERN FACTORIES, and will be sold at the LOW-
EST PRICES FOR CASH OR SHORT CITY ACCEPTANCE.
Our extensive assortment of Dry Goods embraces every variety and style for Family and Plan-
tation use, and will be sold at the very LOWEST CASH PRICES.

Miller's Almanac, for 1860,

with a list of our stock, r.an be had as usual gratis, on application to


n--- ---- :o:


Purify your Blood

AND PREVENT DISEASE!
bY the Syrup of Sarsaiparilla highly concen-
) r ,',': ",, i the addition of Iodide Potassium,
,. .1.1.. .I pirl-. other vegetables and roots, form-
ing one of the most efficicut alteratives known to
the Medical Faculty, in removing glandular ob-
structions, promoting. the discharge of all un-
healthy secretions, thereby restoring the system
to a pure and healthy state, and as a, preventive
of disease, so simple and safe, that an infant can
use it with the greatest efficacy in eruptions of
the skin, Scald Iiead, &c. ; also, in 11heumaltic
diseases. Prepared only at Apothecary Hall,
Fernandina, Fli., by
Jan lq-3a THOSE. McMILLAN.

A Sure nd Infallible Cure for Cho-
lera, Diarrhea, Dysentery, and
all Bowel Complaints. z
CIOLERA SYRUP, prepared from Roots and
Herbs, and v;arrantcd purely vegetable-all
the product of the South, and never known to
fail in curing the most inveterate cases, when
used according to directions. It combines Tonic,
Stimulant and Astringent pri, ciplcs, consistent
with the Laws of nature in restoring the stomach
and bowels to healthy action. Prepared only at
Apothecary Hall, Fernandina., Fla., by
Jan 19-3m THOS, McMILLAN.
TO O10USE-]KEEPER9 AND

MERCHANTS.
THE undersigned _
execute a-l 01kiids ^-a ,-- ^
of TIN, STIIEIEIT -:3 U % _.Z_>
IRO-N. ZI 1\'C and *.^ ''"-^-
C 0 P P E R AWORK, .-" :. *'=---,..4
such q s ROOFING& -&
Q. T FA '' .C. 7- &'_ --- ",-
ses, making STOVE -: SBa _--r^
PIPES, and Air- W- ('-"*?Yt-
Tight BURIAL CA- *^ -1 ,.^r --
SES We keep also
on hand all descriptions of STOVES. We also
manufacture and keep always for sale, Whole-
sale and Retail, every variety of 'Tin Ware, and
a general assortment of House-Furnishing Goods,
of the best quality and material.:
All work warranted to give satisfaction, aind
all orders promptly attended to.
Store and Shop on Second Street, near the R.
R. Depot.
REMLEY BENNETT,
Fernanrdina,. F]a.


RQBERT ADGER


& CO.,


209 AND 211 KING STREET, CORNER OF MARKET,
C-TT ]lT ,'iS-=$'IOi, 8. 3.

:0;

We invite attention to our extensive stock of Goods, suitable for Family and Plantation purpo-
pases, comprising


HICH IBESYDR SIES,Y
RFILCfE {STT ,Tt. 3F1.3BESS,

Silk Robes and Plain Silks, for Evening Dresses, Embroidered and Full Robes for Do., P! in
Black Silks. Bes Goods, Plain and Printed DeLaincs, Plain aind Plaid Poplins, French Chintzes,
Best English Prints, Cloaks, Mantillas and Shawls, Ladies', Misses' and Children's Ilooped Skirts'
Cloths and Cassimeres, Flannels of every variety. Richardson's Linens, Be.1 Blankets and Tickings


PLANTATION GOODS,

Blankets, Plains and Kerseys, Brown and Bleached Sheetings and Shirtings, Plaid HI{.-e-pur,.
Plain and Striped Osnaburgs.
We would respectfully inform our friends and the public generally, that we keep at all times
one of the largest Stocks to be found in the Southern Country, and confidently invite an examina-
tion of it, both as regards Styles and Prices.


oAROLINA,
J. J. FLINN, Commander:



S. ADKINS, Com'mander,
PASSAGE AND FREIGHT


Cotton taken by thls Line, at SIxTrY CEN'rs
PER BALE, and all Merchandize at
very Low Rates.
LEAVE Fernandina daily, (Sundays excep-
ted) at 4 P. M., or.,immediately after the
arrival of the Mails and Passengers by the Flo-
rida Riul Road. '
Passengers for Wilmington, Weldon, Rich-
*mond, Washington, Baltimore, Philadelphia,
and New York, will take the Cars of the North
Eastern Rail Road, leaving Charleston daily, at
1 P. M., and 11P.M.
TAYLOR, BECKHAM & CO..
Dec. 8-29-3m Agents.
NEW SCHEDULE.

U. S. MAIL LINE.
FLO R[IDA AND SAVANNAH.

-'BTEAMERS







"-AD--

ST, JoH0's.
Leave Savannah every WEDNESDAY and
FRIDAY Mornings, at half-past 9 o'clock.
The new Iron Steamer, .; :'" M A f. 1"S- Capt.
JAS. FREEBORN.
The favorite Steamer, ST. JOHN'S--Capt. N.
KING.
Leave Savannah regularly as above for Pa-
latka, East Florida, touching at all the principal
landings.
They will arrive at Fernandina evyry Thurs-
day and Saturday mor,,;in-, ji.Xinr'mi"o connect
with the Trains going 1V e't.
Returning they will leave Fernandina every
Friday and Monday afternoon, after the arrival
of the Train, and arrive at Savannah every Sat-
urday and Tuesdayy mornings, connecting with
he Steamers leaving Savannah, Saturday and
Wednesday, for New Ycrk and other Northern
ports, and Steamer Gordon for Charleston and
Rail Roads North and West.
These Boats have been built expressly for this
Route ; are commanded by careful and experi-
enced Captains, and have large and elegant
State Room accommodations for Passengers.
For further particulars inquire of
CLAGHORN & CUNNINGHAM,
Agents, Savannah.
TAYLOR, BECKHAM, & CO..
Agents, Fernandina.
The Boat leaving Savannah on Friday, will
stop at Darien, going and returning.
July 14, 1859. 8 f


ROBERT ADGER & CO.


JOHN KENIFICK ..............W. A. SKRINE, -M. D.

KENIFICK & SKRINE,
WIIOLERSA.LE AND RETAIL DEAL.-,Tt5 -i;

DRUGS, MEDICINES,

iPA.INTS,, 0I% BRUSHE-S,

AND

On the most reasonable terms.
NO. 60 KING STREET,
(LATE IIAVILAND'S),
CHARLEHSTON, S. C.
Dec. 15 30 tf
C05OMI'nND IFLU7ID 'EXTILCr ,.'F
Sarsaparilla, Queen's Delight, &c,,
F"OR Purifying the Blood and removing artI-dis-
eases arising from the impurity of the same,
and is especially recommended for the cure of
Rheumatism, Scrofula, Erysipelas, Ulceration of
the Throat and Legs, Pains and Swellings of
the Bones, Tetter, Pimples in the Face,
Old Sores, and all Cutaneous Erup-
tions, Neuralgic Affections,
Mercurial Diseases,
And for assisting the operation and preventing
fatal consequences of Mercurials in Syphilis.
For the Composition of this Preparatiob. and
the Medicinal Properties of the Queen's Delight,
Physicians are referred to the 5th and 6th Nos.
Vol. I, of the "Southern Journal of Medicine
and Pharmacy."
The Stillingia Sylvatica, (Queen's Delight.)
deserves much more notice than has been be-
stowei upon it. It has been used for the last
ten or fifteen years by several of our most dis-
tinguished Physicians. and I believe they have
never had cause to deny to it a high rank among
our indigenous Medical plants. (Ed. So. Jour.
Mled. and Ph.Vr) PnEPARED BY
KENIFICK & SHRINE,
chemists & Druggists.
Sole Proprietors of the celebrated
PALMETTO YEAST POWDER,
For making Buckwheat and all kinds of Cake,
Biscuits and Light Bread. dec. )5-tt


i SEWING MACHINES
The Perfection of Scientific Ar-angement and
Mee-bani._cal .1- L^t
IS ATTAINED BY THE,
GROVER &-BAKERS
SEWING:MAICHINE CO..
'IN THEIR
, Hi PROVED ]I.SELES, MACHINES
T'PHEY have the iol owing advantages over all
others :-They have no pads to keep in or-
der ; no bobbing to wind; no tangling or waste of
thread; no oiling the thread or work; no tool
chest stocked with wrenches, pliers, pickers,
leather, &c., &c.
The directions are simple, easily understood,
and easily explained by the instructors. There
is no taking apart, cleaning. or rolling. They
require ten drops of oil per day, when in'con-
stant use They make no more noise than a
common clock, even when making fifteen hundred
stitches per minuaS._They v ea .... lu-III
ten years old eihn work them to full speed. They
run fast or slow without any danger of altering
the length or tightness of the stitch. They will
Hem, Fill, Gather, Bind, Stitch andjipbroider,
in so superior a manner that we parison. The same Machine will sew pavilion
gause and plantation goods. The seam is elastic
as the most elastic fabric, and will not break in
washing or ironing. The same Machine runs
silk, linen thread and common spool cotton, with
equal facility. The needles are shooter, and
therefore stronger than any other high or low
priced Machine. That 'hey are superior to all
others is evident from the fact of tkere having
been thirty thousand Machines made and sold,
in competition with others already in successful
operation. The question is no longer which is the
best maker, but which of the numerous patterns
of BAKER & GROVER hall I take.
PRICES $50 TO "130.
N. B,-Orders on Factors taken in payment.
H. W. KINSMAN,
Agent for the Sale of these Celebrated
lmCaz"'ll In eas,
249 King Street, Charleston, 8, C.
dec. 15-6m D B. HASELTON, Manager.

!OIC
T HE subscribers having sold out their entire
stock of CURTAINS to Mr. H. W KINS-
MAN, would respectfully solicit for him a con
tinuation of the patronage so liberally bestowed
on them in that department.
ROBERT ADGER & CO.

CURTAIN GOODS.
THIS STOVK IS THE LARGEST
IN THE

COMPRISING
Brocatelles, Saten DeLanes, Lace and Muslin
Curtains, Cornices, Pins and Bands, Drapery
Tassels and Loops.

Made and jut up in the Latest Styles.
H. W. KINSMAN,
223 King Street, Charleston, S. C.
Dec.15 6m


''t- 0 -" P(M AR1IA, S. C


NURSERIES.
CATALOGUES SENT W"0ALL WHO
APPLY.
Charleston Agents-Messrs- INGRAHAM &
WEBB.
F-RUIT TREES-APPLE, APRICOT, CHER-
RIES, Nectarines, Peacb, Pear, Plum,
Quinces, Figs, Service Trees, &c. All the ap-
proved varieties adapted to Southern culture.
NUT TREES-Almonds, English Walnuts, or
Madeira Nuts, large fruited Spanisn Chesnuts,
Pecan Nuts; all of which bear early in our cli-
mate. W_
GRAPES-Native and Foreign; the best sorts.
STRAWBERRIES AND RASPBERRIES--
Lawton Blackberries, the best varieties, giving a
succession oaitit in the season.
EVERGIIWN TREES AND SHRUBS, ROS-
ES, A.c.-The largest and most varied collection
in the South.
HEDGE PLANTS--Osage, Orange, and Ma-
cartney Rose. for field ; ArborVitae, Prints, Cas
sina, &c., for Gardens.
MISCELLANEOUS-Embracing a great va-
riety of Plants, Vin-s and small Shrubs, as well
as Dahlias, Asparagus, and other- Garden Roots,
for which see Catalogue.
DR. THOSE. McMILLAN, P. M., at Fer-
nandina, is my Agent. and orders left with
him will be promptly forwarded and filled
in such a.manner as to give satisfaction to
purchasers.


ROYAL

HAVANA LOTTERY!
The next ordinvy drawing r," the Ruyal Hava
-a Lottery conducted by the Spanish Gover-
meat, under the supervision of the Captain Gen-
'rI| of Cuba., Will take place at Havana,

FRIDAY MAY 2ND, 1860.


360,000 Dollars!
SORTIE NUMERO 635 ORDINARIO!

CAPITAL PRIZE $100,000!
-Prizeof 100,000 60 1,000
1! "" 50.000 60 500
1 30,000 153 400
# I i" 20,000
10, 0,00r 20Aproximations 8,800
4 Approximations to the 0100,000 of $600 each
of $400 LO #60.000 ; $400 to $30,000; 4 of $400
to 820,000 ; 4A>f S.,U to $10,000.
Whole* Tftkets $20 ; Halves S10;
Otuarters ,5.
Prizes cashed at sight at 5per lett discount.
Bills on all solvent Banks taken at par.
A drawing will be forwarded as soon as the re-
talt becomes known.
L3'Communications addressed to DON ROD-
RIGTJEZ, (care ot City Post, Charleston: S. C.
vntif the 2nd of May, will be attended to.'


FERNANDINA
MARBLE WORKS.


A. L 3EL A.::! XX 30E:L



CEDAR KEYS MAILS@
TAGES will leave Archer on the 1st, or 2nd,
12th, I6th and 26th, of each month, on the
arrival of the Cars from Fernandina.
ARRIVE at Cedar Keys next day.
CONNECT on the Ist and 16th, with Steamers
bound to Tampa, Key West and Havana; and
on the I 2th and 26th with Steamers bound to
St. Marks, Apalachicola, Pensacola and New
Orleans.
RETURNING, will leave Cedar Keys on the
arrival of the Havana and New Orleans
Steamers.
ARBJVE at Archer next day by 6 A. M., con-
necting with Cars to Fernandina.
J. H. McGINNIS, Contractor.
E. H. RICHARDS, & CO.,
Agts. Cedar Keys.
Sept. 16 tf


VALUA4LE-

Real Estate I0o rIe.
THE "SOLAND GRANT" siLtated on th*
East side of the St. John's river below Pie|
late, containing 1000 acres. River front of 2 I 1 &
miles and an re
ORANGE GROVE OF 500 TRtEES
price very low. Also
A Valuable Plantation of 3240
S Acres in Leon County
in good .order either with or jyith6ut negrom and
plantation fixtures. A rare hence. FOrfurther
particulars enquire of
april 7, 18'9--tf BROOME & THOMPSON.%
P. S. A number of lots in thip city with &ad
without improvements for sale.


PIAN08, MELODEONS,&o.
GEORGE F. COLE.
6O. 179t King-st., Charleston, S. C.,
NVITES the attention of purchasers of Pianos
to his Stock of the wide-known, superior and
durable makers, DUNHAM & MUNNS. for-
merly Munns & lark, all ef wh-ich Instruments
have every modern improvement, a.nd are fully
warranted.
|*afPianos packed free of charge.
Dec. 15-tf G F. C.