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!-- Fernandina observer ( Newspaper ) --
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sobekcm newspaper
mods:identifier type ALEPH 002020493
OCLC 10587487
LCCN sn 84022765
mods:languageTerm text English
code iso639-2b eng
mods:physicalLocation University of Florida
mods:note dates or sequential designation displayLabel Cf. Gregory, W. Amer. newspapers, 1937. Began in 1871; ceased in 1876?
"Official paper for the Fourth Judicial Circuit."
Editors: S.E. deForest, <1872>; D.M. Hammond, <1873>; F.M. Hoyt, <1874>.
Publishers: F. Livingston, <1872>; D.M. Hammond, <1872-1874>; Fernandina Press Assn., 1875; Wm. Watkin Hicks, 1875-<1876>.
Proprietors: David L. Yulee, Samuel A. Swann.
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 11 (Jan. 19, 1872).
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
mods:publisher W.F. Scott
mods:placeTerm marccountry flu
mods:dateIssued marc point start 1871
end 1876
mods:dateCreated July 31, 1975
mods:frequency Weekly
marcfrequency weekly
mods:recordIdentifier source UF00054481_00003
mods:recordCreationDate 840403
mods:recordOrigin Imported from (ALEPH)002020493
mods:recordContentSource University of Florida
marcorg NPX
mods:relatedItem original
mods:extent v. : ; 62 cm.
mods:detail Enum1
mods:caption 1975
mods:number 1975
mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
mods:geographic Fernandina (Fla.)
Nassau County (Fla.)
mods:country United States
mods:state Florida
mods:county Nassau
mods:city Fernandina Beach
mods:nonSort The
mods:title Fernandina observer
mods:typeOfResource text
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sobekcm:BibID UF00054481
sobekcm:VID 00003
sobekcm:Point latitude 30.669444 longitude -81.461667 label Place of Publication
sobekcm:EncodingLevel #
sobekcm:Name W.F. Scott
sobekcm:PlaceTerm Fernandina Fla
sobekcm:statement UF University of Florida
sobekcm:SerialHierarchy level 1 order 1975 1975
2 7 July
3 31 31
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The Fernandina observer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00054481/00003
 Material Information
Title: The Fernandina observer
Physical Description: v. : ; 62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: W.F. Scott
Place of Publication: Fernandina Fla
Creation Date: July 31, 1975
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Fernandina (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Nassau County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Nassau -- Fernandina Beach
Coordinates: 30.669444 x -81.461667 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1871; ceased in 1876?
General Note: Republican.
General Note: "Official paper for the Fourth Judicial Circuit."
General Note: Editors: S.E. deForest, <1872>; D.M. Hammond, <1873>; F.M. Hoyt, <1874>.
General Note: Publishers: F. Livingston, <1872>; D.M. Hammond, <1872-1874>; Fernandina Press Assn., 1875; Wm. Watkin Hicks, 1875-<1876>.
General Note: Proprietors: David L. Yulee, Samuel A. Swann.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 11 (Jan. 19, 1872).
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002020493
oclc - 10587487
notis - AKK7961
lccn - sn 84022765
System ID: UF00054481:00003

Full Text

C.EN\TRET .S7:, FE;.AXD y.l,

I -- -- era -- =--u ~ I,, '-----L. ~I qarrac~*


, -N.. N ION. .
DA S + N3M 39 ,

JI^ L 3t",31 18Z5, ,5'. + *"* ^ ; J .*_-.V. IX<,~ 39;

~_ ~_ ~~____~~~ _~_ __

p *a-Y


ATryP_ X '"k 'i:A .
A'~TTG~nTr;^EY~I AhT JiPtl.'.A',
-AND---" : f
ATQTOi',,b S- FERN A.W, ,
?liiOMB ?'T FfRNANDNA Fr.A''

*Rk ~ ~ I I h A1 > . PINE
YKaLId i,.B,:r LI




41 ,i^;i St., New Tork. *
{-'i,v-i NV.;I-:'i"Oy yFRUTT9 AND VIGa.
1. l- .iJ.l.-, &*,., will 'l.,',_I-' *: plu rtipr iiinl
,.':'', i al attention, and- i..'- IighI ('c-r i;i.ik ;il ..." .*litatine~d. ....
.\ n ih :brnation as to t, he. -, iioh., of pack-
1.- ,' sblppii H)(andIO thu- .,oilil'l, of tle
,..-. ,.rk nip rko will befurnlshcd on appli-
r '1i,;.':,!11. >x .- "' :
1-., v de 'sp iptiori of oa(* a jds 1, 4l: i. I I n
'0'1111ii." ;i' 11 ,1t i.h. I>J',;'"L. ].'3a'l>. ~ il'hy^ ow w i tr -rtjt
,. ,:41 Whtteo uN.,.t,3ew York


lion th Iqtte doisTll
I oPuut the ononies. ll>:. I:i[;i_,.; \\;;s, in r.:ini,..i iiiinl~-r-.,-')',:26Jf)'-.
-41i!si Ilaual. R git'l of 177V., ;,,,l ;, .11 b ', _2 1- N ,:,-t.., : 1. p -
M de O.ije r.sciatiic-ilt of thel . .
p e p .t t tt h eyt -" .lt; -
..f changed their ,.,loi.i fit, 1 i", iti i,- tiil 1' l !! ,_ ii, air., 'It th,-
-roun&d, w l-,i elli,,- I,,,l shia:d tir,-, it i- [!1:,- l: ,'L, tit\ in
,i sas flaig w\ itii thiit:,:ei, r,:-,p,,,..-t it,:, "t:'.-r :,,..i. ,,,:eupil, ;ieI, at
S a sym bti, .,f !,e I'.1111 1 tii' l I L t c Of l11 n
b' e n .o lo i y ll iis n inil y P, r t i.
i .l,6 ie nt om d aii,g W ,,. i. !.,' :r,. ,_ n' ,.,'t.. ^ ll'le ,.it3";ii .\ u i,:r ,:.a.w !,ilr

ndvr .{opkeits, in Fk l..,brali i iii l'':iri,, ,:,''lv L.,,,l,,.i, P.u'i.s t i,..
ibut w as not the one h,/i-,.j., I.,v M ..-, ,,\- x,. ,:d....] it ill n i:,t.:,n ; It
a .l --e ,-..* Ira .-. n,,-,'re h,,"n-,:.-, r:.'l tivL l t,-, i(i I"'"ip-
The union flag of tl ,,n..;, pl:in, i .1 : "
stripes prevailed l)r uI ,til pL V 1?i' .ni. l .
a half, w 1i happy W t.A..-'.,,f m r l,. t"he w,,rl 1 !iid.I is thliq t (.lI; i.,h.
uil nhow n-..i.Dtdi_,i th l s,.gg'e t,.,';"ltv n,: w ,*f' l d Il,.'.,rii,- .h,.lt,..r lr t i h: r e
,em .bellishnm ent, andl it rectiv.-I tl. r., l- o iiu l_.rs wlio ,,,ill ,:l.-u ,l.; *itten,
.difion of deALe ', .lyv a r. oliilti-,n rd,I" t }"thc iin ,l t.ek!,rhcti,., tliti U vly
Congrehk i the Ioliowin.,; \\,1:,ril-i: LZI%,
.... '.6l u C n r ess, Ju n.ii 14 tli, 1 7: 7 7? e l city t m t e,:,ui!l h a e ,n ele '
7o a llat the fia> ._ f thju tlh irL..-. 1 I.. r tl. ,,e ;-i.:.n,
Mittef -'Stiates, le tlbiet,..en +trit. ,e-,
:zfternitelv red and \wihl,: tha ; t h l,,. .OT.,. T ;.
.union be t irteen s. t rs, \ hiiL in ;, ..... ill- -.. ....
blae field, .i'repreal i ,ti ag a i 111 ; .-o ,-. r -, l ; i -1' .'
`h f e wv s (a t e s \\' i- 'e :1.M1 .. t o:, t h e
U ion ,.'i,:ni tim e t ., liit.., i 4 ,w .- i ,il. I le ,.,:r. T i ali.i, :u il'.,IB :,i r ST..,
We added to t,,e flan |^4 As T >'er7 -* .N A FIILrA. -
laa .dj creiii e, 1.) i '-<+i{-e ,er "4.:? ....... .. -+
J l ti.t^ "t'it'.i', l!-h -' :4i-'g-.r-/,,) r: '- I\,,^,r.r,v,.^.
,I V -W V 1 ,., t ). o. ..t
t o i[,e- w, .: !,_+,li,.V..i ., ;l. of 1 ,ill- . .. .
*u I .T S t o_ [ : i r' .;, l i i l i ;. il il U i n h ei r o f t h ii r T i :- t l :, ,r,[ ,- ,1 .. i~ i i l -I.. I -,l t r. f o l (, \ t'
teen. .o .on desl.unh.r Id.+guest.a.
In the Same co netion we give tle NEWLY, FURPNISHED TH1?oL IiL)tT,_
o p i i.e dolightfilly situated and will be found one
following reminiscences of the Mele- of.thiu 'most, comfortable Winter homes in
brated Albert Gallatm, who was cal- 'oi t,.. i- *.., *i Yacehtman, teimunt-
led to many distinguished positioDin int Ittrac tionsareu'iv-
l uv xxt** ttau*- S t J'~ux.' a2t l led a da .rveo, t. -. u "AtI.. ..
the Government in its early years of Beach, ])rings hetl-,11,_ tO those
.s .whioeltvetficrig6i'softr:,. ..h
trial, on assuming place and rank TABLE FIRST-CLA SS.
among the nations. and well furnished frorn New York markets
J. by Fer.mn dina and New York Steamship Aine.
G EN JACKSON 'S F IRST A P PE S.Na l C E IN .. . T .- M O-- -
CoNGREss-When Mr. Gallatin was a. 1\O1 V1.0 -(U sL.
member of Congress, in the year 1796, 'FElR'NAINADI.A, .Fla. "
Tennessee N as admitted a State in g_ ,,,,,:., : ._ 2.:; --
the Union, and sent her first member -;o:-
to"> Wauhton. One day- when in Business-mem, Plesure .Seekers Invalids. and
to ashington. One day, ,hen in others will find this house cheerful ;ad liome
his seat in the. House, Mr Gallatin like.
noticed a tall, lank, uncouth looking -C110102 TABLE ATREAS0,ALE PP.ICE0.
individualwith long locks of hair hang- DAY BOARD, $K5 .PER MONTHI-.
ing over his brows and. face, while a Or>N J^LL THE YEAR
queue hung down his back tied in an ---:o:----
eelskin. The dress of this individual 7'nSIMV A VD BOAT.V
was singular-his manner and deport- LiveryStatibhwniiiin two iniinus waik-.. .
ment that of a backwoodsman.. The
appearance ,of so singular a character ARSETS.
on the floor of the .House of ilepre-
sentatives naturally attracted atten- \r 5 A i'T 17r7\1'T ''
tion, and a member at his side asked t .. iA- i. 1-.
who he was?i Mr. Gallantin replied AGT.,
that it was the-member for the new Ts C0NSTANTLY EOEIVING
State. "Well," said Iis fiend," lie 1 froln the Gulf Iammoek and :othcr
seems jlIst the sort of chap one might points full supplies of- very ,fli-fa ...
expect from suchan uncivilized region C --+
as' Tennessee." The individual in 13_.1l, 'tAl'iA_
question was Andrew Jackson.., x pre:]ssly for this'merklt,", and will" farnishi
PARTY VIOOLENCE IN PAST. TwlES.--IMr. customers xwith anyii arn'o,,rit by' -the'pouII
Gallatin once related several, a nec- r whole b ef, HewiUl!ecp ,1
: .." " qu t]'tersorwo le b, d. "' il l-keop "1-"
dotes illustrative of party violence in. -o.,' plies of MU-ON, PIORK, '$a UI-,
by-gone times; for instance, how the S ,,, ,,.,.. .
house in which he and his cebleag 'ueo '3- .M-'S. -, -: -
lived in Philadelphia was at one time He is a.lsoprepirea to .farn-ish V;.-A,
[during an ele4(tiin,I think,] comll.te-o COWS, Isny. I wishing to purchase.
ly invested by a body of ten -men Thankful for, the very liberal patrona.-._
hired by their political opponents, b-stowed upon hiim. he will endeavor I.
and how they soon raised the siege by mr a eojitinuanc.-
playing off the same game agaiw*the ^
enemy; how a body of them once : o
came to the house ofCom. Nichqlson, SELCO.).ST. FERI.NA&M'DNAi 'FL"..
at the lower end of Broadwray, in -
New York, and played the "'ogue's "-,-V "
Marcf '-his father-in-law, Who had NEW BEE I" l Et IT.
never heard the tune 6 -f-rv.-, sitting C.rner of
complacentlyin the porch all the time,. FOURTH AND ASH STREETS.
under the idea that it was intended as. (attlheold stand ofAl\. D)owney & Co.)
a cQmplimentary serenade, and being 1,U sorts of
on the point ofinviting the party in (.10 CO_ .N"1:_. PRODUCE,,,
to an entertainment, till the character RW.,:I_'r,-4
and meaning of the music were made TO B A CC,-),
known to him; and how at- Reading, The.beef market will open'on 'Tuesday, Jily
in Pf,,iylv~uiia, he once walked .to 13th. .JOHNO 'DONALD.
his carriage through a mob, who were ... .
busily engaged in burning him in Yv-
effigy LIVERY. ..'I IiL E...
ST. SIMON-- HIS OPINION oF WAsHt,. : "T ** .
INGTON AND FRANKLIN.-WithSt..Sin~on,. 'Tp Pppitn.TllI na ,1p a~n tvPP'
the founder of the sect of St. Simon- .^ I."iilu
tans, Mr. Gallatin was well acquainted. C^^-d.-^-3
He was a republican in principle,"a'nd *.^.^
at the tim e of the restoration of ttie. '--.. *'.l 1 .-... .-,o-.
Bourbons under Lomts XVIII., ex- ,>ore^^l '^'':S2v ,.,:-IK.',
pressed himself so openly as to be :-....^^ ... =- -<-t ...
compelled to leave France for securi- ( ''T '' =:t-^'^1^^,, r-, \:.
ty H ie told M r. G allatin that" th e -'? --"-2 .; --- -'*- .- % : ="^
restoration of the Bourbo .dynasty ...:P'- ........
would prove the connecting link be- ]?. 1:. <_;0 [U ]Kl Jl-b li~tiPRl 01
tween a monarchy and a republic. St,. -=----:o:-.....
Simon belonged to an illustrious fami- Buggies, Calrnages, Saddle horSes, &c., &c.
ly whose history M'r. G. related, par- The ^ ^ ^ Fenan,.k w l uif t-ri-wceeK-
t icularly that of the one wyho lived in *y iaiip u>o ij beiactii......

/-- 0. .-.C t-iTT+Yrr ,~

-_. 0 1 ,
C., I i fiited to order. A first, class stock 0o1
r""L'd 011,.mim-014 i,"Climor

it'a- w l hand. .. :- ,
I_>- ~ u, l .... ...;-!,-e-oI y S((l,- .'t'ill ? I l i'. (.i Jl) inIilr.I lilt. ,
.... ...rli ...
...... U UTIt l,. T TAI. T .R

_- ._ -^ .1TS -i, I- J.- l I)

hnl s largely Increased his stock',i-" orr> -"n 'il
domestic goods, and also his fac.iliti es fo
meetinigthe increasing demands of liis
-rolns. *:
!' I ;"i': t '. "', 'l ,'i l l' ] ,n^ -\ ;.
Cutting done ill the latest .Fro.nch and
American and hi' glish styles. .:" :: '
A long career in .first-class buSiness houses
of Geneva, Paris nnd New york uill enable
him to. maintain lis already acqitir"ed good
reputation in this place..
-Prices reduced to the lowest point consisten-
with first-class material, wolk, and the strin
goncy of the times. --

S AL 00N,',"
Secol Street, Fernandina,:Fla.
A large assortment of line DOMESTIC ANJ.
IMPORTElD (IJGAlS,.keptoonstantly on hand.


\+ -

* .-*. -**., .(T,Wri/.- ,_--^t--.

i ~ l


- -. 'A



mistake in. on W{*e nature
of the flagir. of its first ap-
pearance. v g!'anted that
the nationO lM displayed in
the revulu l tsirg 6...As that of
the stars and strikes ; this"-* 'dt the
fact ; nor is- it. qrie that 'any 'Con-
tinental colors w 61 hoisted for the
first.time on the 3 of D,6 eiber, 1775.
The birthday of e American ihflag, if
it he I:at'l ^g e-.etr,
\.11,mc, 1777. e

Rt,.Ivorlinetii:'n. it^^^ 'alol, the
bv.)r h~ b 11fgj~sg tafile
hIt111i lr of tlli afirs t,
aty whieen aii- Anoerbianopl
AT Il-4a hi(:.l ` u-'t emt
t un f r l e ,fir- ) r wae f ita
Ih, fir.4t a01o1
ti. K ri .Ir a,
,,t 10- In, W l,i '
,-, St. j teorge out Wi
1i,2h t,,I a Pvof

':>l thll ire red ,l ue. S

iii.l.,:,l'lLI'.Hy it~ waiue\d Ei. 'derS.
tilt- ol 1 g,11E~ l (,,l
gene,'al. We c'bua"ue,"ntine
,_s l tillt~he ..outt od- the

o0 -r thi. -I thi s .j"- nga, nnt ior it
:tl Nan,.lal o fip Rei- 'ever
t, been -d by the people
l)f N,-1w ECnIdgl .t e aptin"BISrenl.
,fa ,-..-oloniaf ear'ly- se 1ol6ny

i~i-.'ri-'<-d on t^rio he mil ita.
-,_'ar aas,,. PrelB l~:it weH the
11.,,i,- vT. ,,:ti,-iIn'Y .ma repre 'sen~to,-
i,-,nax+, ,:l,,,,,I. uu 1701 eyghibit-
tlte li41 tri' t,'t,, -d Witi h ti "l-e
Its!,il ,:rss cd, it'aa sA., w'.!:-
,A [ litA 10 11 : 11 I i t. Ae el
,':1rlivr da td It e a- e Ui
losilh th il Lio ,i l ted iu -j .1 siar
Tr-et roi nd was L

whi,,.ct,. wecntru hu:" o,
;,,pa_ td usthNw e,,'h ,lla ,.ssta9in

in.' the 4cout 011 te 10 tl of
hi:' ,_,11 C 1.1an a th ] -.t)' ""'[ "'t !a Bre
Buer," ,_,er'lla f'ometiohe .tf -
gi.I,, tiandardh bit ely they didan, i4

theuha apbi c lbebrati lo'n i 82
Iaid to have boe. e rnto 'havetio en-w
i n, vS,.i_,:, on to rens of the Iniliti...
,it wst t i tie. *ewhen 'the 18Nw
En 17ld.111. tt'd a'c I ,.I to B to-i,
ofr Jule ,ba.75 aft. xington. -A. letrea
ter dated Ese G-. 775, of ay ofa ri
on Pstpect, Hill, iI:on .on
%,i the W' .,, moit ", ',,, pea ;to s,,-
1;ttet," rrou||d it. ii|, h.ttrrsof g-Ad,
which we'aonsthue thus*.e" Qod, Whno
translated us hither, will sustain
us.m t, Thae cotailets of the battle of
"nBudsero becl made no'mention of a
stanhae d being used by the Anericoans,
though at a public celebration in 1825,
a flag was displayed, .wtich, according
to tradition, was hoisted in the re-
doubt on the top ofthe bhill. It is
waid to have bore andiscriptio which
the British officers in m~oston attempt-
edin vain to read. with the help of
their telescopes, till a sWhig toldthem
it was aCopte iadyou-are. pOn the 18th
of Julw,1775, after the battle,gwearead
in the Essex Gazette of a flag raised
on Prospect Hill, "1 b,,aring on one
side the motto "1 an appeal to Heav-
en, and on the other side, Qui trans-
stulit sustinet."a
The pine tree--lag, however,n
seems to have prevailcad over all others,
and soon became tae national ensign.
Col. Reed, in apletter written from
the besieging army at Boston, October
20th, 1775, says to Col. G-hover and
Moylan, "Please to flxupon some par-
ticular color for~a flag, and a signal,
by wsch our vessels may know each-
other, pine tdo bou think of a flag

unfurled upoh the moeoan App.ewaEn

sesolar uloand private. areIeslstrsm

time previous. An English paper of
January, 1776, has the following:
" The flag taken from a provincial
privateer, is now deposited in the
Admiralty. The field is white bunting,
with a spreading green tree: the
motto, 'An appeal to Heaven. "
We have in our possession two
very rare pictures, the only ones of
their kind,perhaps, in existence. Tley
are full-length portraits of Cora. Hop-
kins and Gen. Gates, with the Ameri-
can flag as they existed .in 1776 and
1777. These pictures are engravings
finely covered, and cemented by trans-
parent varnish to Aiass plates,in order
to preserve the tion gin all its fresh-
ness. They were executedin London
by sone friend of the American cause.
That of Hopkins was done' in 1776.
It represents the Commodore, sword
in hand, standing (tthe quarter-deck
of a ship, in the old- Continental blue
.and buff uniform, and a cocked hat
Another ship in tha back ground
bears tw6.flagsj the pine-tree ensign,
with the .motto, iAn appeal to

-St. Ignatius Loyola is now the
patron saint of Buenos Ayres,vice St.
Martin some time-Bishop of Tours,
removed. Martin didn't keep away
,the yellow fever nor the smallpox;
didn't give rain when they wanted it
nor stop it when they had too much.
So they have displaced him and will
try our friend Ignatius.
--The Khledive of Egypt has about
five hundred ladies in his household.
And on Sunday morning when he
hears them all talking at once about
drawback dresses and crimped fringe,
and shell jabots and knife plaiting,
and grenadine plaids and ecru batiste
sacques, and watteau folds, -,all the
while they are getting ready for
church, he even wishes they were dead.
--In political reform,the work is of-
ten accomplished by one swift, bloody
coup, and the first man to mount the
:barricade and give his heart to the
bullet is a hero.
In service reform it is different;
and the man who, to his wounding
and his hurt, disregards chalked lines,
at the bidding of conscience, is sure to
be reminded of what lie "owes to so-
I gentleman of this city has sent a box
filled with soil from Bunker Hill, in
which are buried twelve small hatch-
i ts, to come parties in Georgia, to be
S^]'-. in tlOw celebration of the Fourth
." ^ J1ly. Inside the box are also the
i.r _. llowing lines,:
flhi, hitci", t lies buried in Bunker Hill soil,
f dl I " ^ t' *I"'lil lie longer is heard ;
S t iw iini'V U I peace sThines froma out the tur-
ni^ k IIPA 'illt one country the word."
M,,,,i,.,,'/ J,-unal.
f-The full count of money in the
FIVE Iit L, f the Treasury is complet-
.',hlid .agrees exactly with Gen.
it yrm a.,_;<-ount of what it contained.
thi te estimate of $20 shortage
I .hen the currency, was counted,
,en ,,I' taken'according to the
L -1 1 lte bags, has disappeared,
o (:,-,.u nt comes out exactly right.
All *6 coin -that was in -any degree
,,,-, L3B.aa .A v.coanticd. Tihe iii-
n 1V 3 Con 'wacoHtd WweighiltIV aitidj'
ll~llll()0)00 or

-M. Michel, dealer inll,-ki of art,
gh ght in April, 1874, of M. Coquet,
uI ulptor at Rheims, a landscape
Hied '"Ch. J.,," and bearing on the
k the name in full, "Ch. Jacque."
e price paid was 1600. The paint-
was : afterward submitted for veri-
t:ioin to the artist to whom it was
[ibiiuld and he returned it to
fli,.-hel with two notes written on
CC-ff n('c mon ink ; at the top, in front,
ris daub'is, not one of mine ;" and
on the back, "Those who put my
.name here.are thieves." M. Michel, in
,consequence, called on the seller to
take back the picture,which the other
refused to do saying that it had been
-poilt by the inscriptions put on it.
:n nation was brought before the
'ivil Court ,it Rheims, and a verdict
VaS given for the plaintiff, Coquet
teein g a I I-o w ed to deduct from the 600,
e had to rimburse,a sum o f for
lie depreciation, the painting had
Si,,:crgone. On appeal the judgment
a? ,',nred. :
.orreslpondent. of the London Times
"ilakes some very startling assertions
nregard to the sermon trade."
Iaving explained in-what a deplora-
bly. unfit rendition for their life's
work young men take .Orders few of
them having written a sermon before
,rdination, he says : ;
Then the effort is so great, the abili-
ty so small, the time so limited, the
parish work so urgent, that'many an+
*ppy curate utterly breaks down.
is driven to adopt ve^'-questiona-
expedients to meet the emergency.
rowing from friends, copying
books, buying old manuscript, are
din turn .; till .at last in. sheer de-

Mir, he yields to the tempting propo-
in a sermons-purveor's circular a
K, r supply of original sermons at
s. 6d. a quarter,in strict confidence.
e lulls conscience to sleep, preaches
other man's discourse as his own,
d deceives any lynx-eyed members
of-is congregation whose seats com-
,mand the pulpit by placing on his
velvet cushion a lithographed imita-
t -ion of handwriting, instead of plain,
h ..onest print.
p., .. The first indulgence leads to a
L- *Modbtiniaunee of the practice, and the
?|erhappiy ,.lergn,,, who tries to
|^^S!ak off the Ieal.lt only runs the
xri( of expoliure. The purveyor not
B,i\' refuiaes to discontinue his weekly
1..r4, but arises the price of sermons
-Ifl threatens tile victim with legal
[-+wCLv.di-Ps and exposure. These

rit.6 ea rv am'nnetime-i actually carried
"_o'Si, ext ,.itioi,:,, and i,,1less than fifteen
Clergymen were at one time summoned
"'. before a county court in consequence
. ; of having refused to pay fbr sermons
I thcy did not want..

Seed Corn.
-Before he fought a battle,Bonapar-
te thought little about what lie should
do in case of success, but a great deal
about what he should do in case of a
reverse of fortune. The same prud-
ence and good sense marked all his
behavior. His instructions to his
secretary at the palace are worth re-
membering: "During the night, en-
ter my chamber as seldom as possible.
Do not wake me when you have any
good news to communicate,; with
that there is no hurry: but when you
bring bad news, rouse me instantly,
for then there is not a moment to be
lost" His achievement of business
was immense, and, enlarges the known
powers of' man. Thert+'have beil
many working kings, from-Ulysses
to William..of:OrAnge, but none wlho
accomplishlt- a .'lithe of this masti'
-Revolutions that have no definite
objects made clear by the positive ex-
perience of history,--revolutions, in a
word, that aim less at substituting one
law or one dynasty for another, than
at changing the whole scheme of so-
ciety, have been little attempted by
real statesmen. Even Lycurgus is
proved to be a myth who never exist-
ed. Such organic changes are but in
day-dreams of philosophers who lived
apart from the actual world, and
whose opinions (though generally they
were very benevolent, good sort of
men, and wrote in an elegant poetical
style) one would no more take on a
plain matter of life than one would
look upon Virgil's Eclogues as a faith-
ful picture of the ordinary pains and
pleasures of the peasants who tend
our sheep. Read them as you would
read poets, and they are delightful.
But attempt to shape the world ac-
cording:to the poetry, and fit yourself
for a mad-house.-Lytton.
-What has the war decided ? First,
all men agree that our war's close
has settled this point; that we-all
the States composing the Federal Un-
ion-are not a mere confederacy; we
are not a league; we are not an alli-
ance; we are a nation.
This country of ours, this American
people, compose a nation; and your
allegiance is due, primarily, to the
country, to the United States, and
not to New York, nor to New Jersey,
nor Pennsylvania, nor Virginia, wher-
ever we may happen to li'e,-not to
our State, thut to ourlcountry. There_
were differences of opinion bIhout' thi4
l,.l,.rve the wur, i.uL I beljoiou.lh- t ._Al
m-en- n-ow-^"!^+r -t-lj--tT e pKi rt. 4feaf
boen istN ^^M ecr^have
I'.,,-e;, In.Nre,_,t,:,re l:,eheved .9 1' taught
with regard to -State rights or, the
right, of secession, it is generally con-
ceded now that that issue has been
settled, and that, first and above all
things, we are a nation.-Greeley.
-When my eyes turn tobehold for
the last time the sun in heaven, may
they not see her shining on the brok-
en and dishonored fragments of a
once glorious Union; on States, dis-
severed, discordant, belligerent; on a
land rent with civil feuds; or drench-
ed, it may be, in fraternal blood. Let
their last feeble and lingering glance
rather behold the gorgeous ensign of,
-the Republic, now known and hon-
ored-throughout the earth, still full
high advanced; its arms and trophies
streaming in all their original lustre;
,not one stripe erased or polluted; not
a single star obscured; bearing for
,its motto no such miserable inter.roga,
tory as "what is all this worth ?" Nor
those, other words of delusion,and fol-
ly, of Liberty first, and. Union after.
wards, but everywhere, spread all
over in characters of living light, and
blazing on all its ample folds, as lheyg
float over the sea and over the ianU,
and in every wind under t'hs. whole
heavens, that other sentiment, dear to
every American heart,-2Liberty iAND
Union,--now-*and forever,--one an~d
,inseparable.-- Webster. *

Horace Oreeley's Reveng-e.
The vengeance whioh Mr. Greeley
took upon the editor of the !ffta l
was of the kind described in s-cripture
as "heaping coals of fire upon, ithe
head." D|'iii,_;"the Presid pa~ign of 1.:.A, Mr. Lincoln and ; his
friends deemed the support of Ithe
tHerald almost essential to his success,
and thait support was deliberately
purchased. The price paid was the
proffer of the mission to France. This
bargain Was made known to several
editors of Republican papers who
agreed not to denounce it. Mr. G. Was

even prevailed'upon to insert in the
Tribune a paragraph, written by an-
other hand, in which the editor of
the _Herald was commended as a prop-
er person to represent the United
States at the court of France. I have
no more .doubt that Mr. Greeley's
motives in commending this bargain
were patriotic than I have. that the
act was wrong. It was not only
wrong, but impolitic, since the city of
New York, where the Herald chiefly
circulates, and where- alone it can be
said to have any influence over votes,
gave to the candidate for the Presi-
dency opposed to Mr. Lincoln a
majority of thirty-seven thousand.
We must remember, however, that
when this compact was made the pro-
spects of the United States were
gloomy in the extreme; and to many
men the clamorous support of the
Herald was. supposed to be desirable,
even though purchased by the sacri-
fice of honor.--RayntondPs Life. j of
(;,',, L ,.7

Virginia the Foinder'of Civil E(nulity.
The oldest was Civil freedom.
Virginia was truly the mother of
States. More than all other provinces,
she cultivated the political arts. She
cared nothing for religious nor mer-
cantile matters. A fanatic devotee
of the English Church, she never
yielded her grip on dissenting sects
till that Church, as a national institu-
tion had ceased to be. This grill WAs
loosened in the war of the Revoluti,-n,
and at its beginning. It was not unhlou6-
ed before the success of the war h1ind
broken all previous ecclesiastical re-
ations. Even then, Jefferson had no.,
more difficult task than that ofsec|'(r-
ing religious equality before the law
to the despised, and because despieI.
powerful, Baptist sect.
But her civil -pomp' was lrT
strength. Nowhere on the .conlinvnt
was so magnificent a court as that hvl, I
.annually at the city of William and
Mary. 'Our capital today, bear. in
its topography the form of that V i r-
.ginia 'political metropolis. This 4i
the xeascn why Virginia so Iiig
was mother of statesmen and of pro-
sidents. The principle of Jivil
equality, of course, never shot its
light athwart her mind. It was ,only
the instinct of government that p,:,--
sessed her, and that instinct 11,1le
her lead at the start all her allies.
Now, this seat of political Anivri,.n
strangely enough, was the seat when,<.e
sprang political equality. It was Vir-
ginia that gave us our first and groat-
est defenders of the Democratic idea
of the political equalityof all men. Out
of that sane courtly court,and from one
of its most lordly youth, the pet o 6 its
proudest peers, the son of its mot a 'r-
istocratic family, came the strong,.
doctrine of the Declaration all.]
organization of the Democratic p:-irty.
What could have possessed the indi,.I
of Jefferson, son of a Randolph, t._v,.,r-
ite of Dinwiddie, beau of the capital,
rich in lands, the most aristocra..ik ,.I'
all accepted wealth, ri ch also in sl. i v..,
a yet more lordly., if less namt'il
property--what could, have, poss!.',.d
him to have started forth on sucj zi\n
errand--mos~t unnatural most foib-igii
to his house and instinct? God, G-,-I
working through his colonial iM,:',.
God, enlarging and verity iyig
thatidea, in strange forms, uncxj,,:.,
ed, undesired, but most logical.
"I first found Democracy" said tlhi.,
great political equalist, "in the Baipt i~t
..Church." Why did God put thnt
most dem,-4,rtii-, of, Clbirchus ilI, .tltLAL
-State,-. pA _Li atnui.tllew yoke -of. eop-
pression, and of obloquy? Simply
that this searching political thinker,
drawn to its humble conventicles by'
sympathy for its oppression, might
learn the lesson of A*,ierica's political
nature, the only lesson that can be
learned, taught or practiced on this
continent -the absolute political
equality .of' all -men. He was sent
there to learn to call no man common
Or unclean. What Adams and
Franklin, New Englanders, saw not
Jefferson, th"e Virginian, saw almost
exclusively.' His arraignment of
George is feeble. John Adams could
have done that better, for he had felt
the kingly rod the more severely.,;
+but he would never have put in that
immortal preamble ; he never believed
in it. Yet that alone, of the Declara-
tion, lives to-day ; all the rest you
forget as often as you hear it. That
lives, and shall forever live. It is the
greatest American political idea.
-It was not merely an idea but a
passion of Jefferson.. Fran klin sympa-
thized with it but never worked for
it, Adaps opposed it, as did
Washington. But .Jefferson devoted
his life Irom.p the beginning to the end
to its national adoption He founded
the party that made ;it its watchword.
He ,fought those fierce, terrific .battles
of the ,first and see-on and especially
t~hi~rd admaini.tra~tion_ that gave him
the v victory, arid .he proceeded to
fight on till New York and New Eng-
land, this last the last, succumbed to
his idea;. Not till this generation did
Massachusetts accept this Jeffersonian
d togm a-of the political (,quality of .all
nlen.--Bishop Haven.
+ .*, -.-.-+:+= -+ -... .
"" ftiMn'ioan Flag. -?
"In +'these ;centennial days, every-
thing relating to that period in our
country's history is of interest to the
public We, therefore, lay .before our
readers the following matter, culled
.from the columns'of the Pennsylvania
newspaper of January 14th, 1850,
published in Philadelphia at the time
as the leading organ[ini.tlhQ] State of

the democratic party, by'Mr. John
W. Forney, concerning
The 2Vational Intelligencer-has the
following statement and-.suggestion
respecting this tiil.jji., from a cor-
respondent ; ;
"On the .31,4 of December, 1775,
the Continental flag was displayed
for the first.. time. t. was on that
day hoisted on board of the flag ship
of Eseck I-Topkins, who on the 5th of
the preceedinig month, had been
appointed Commander-in-chief of the
first American fleet. The third -day of
December, Athen, is the birthday Of tho
American flag. Why not celebrate it
annually as a Navy'festival ? Let it
be observed as our ocean holyday at
all our naval stations, aad on board
of our vessels cf war, 'at home and
abroad:.* It
Tie writer of the abovd is ti-nder

Heaven," and another exhibiting a
rattlesnake, with the motto, "Don't
tread upon.me." The rattlesnake flag
is said to have originat-d at the South.
According to some accounts it was
hoisted on board the Alfred. and'_the
Alliance, but of'this we hve' no posi-
tive knowledge ... .
The portrait of .Gen. Gates was
done in 1778.'. It represents. him on
the teinte.l ->:.ld, ;J't,;r hiaving De igr-Il
the<.oiiVe|,tion lfur th-& 6u i-ndler of
Buirgoynie. Over tlie Gei e/;il r-arI Oe
is a flag with thlrtev!i red and white
sLripc-, blut no t1'.LIFS. Thi. w\Vas the
tho'lke wh i.,bre th'ei' i rle ofIilthe
n ) LJ fl zl t". 1] t iSc n-- -
,-,ng th..

.,o.e n tl h,- ;ia
eb l nol et h i Nee<..
it title si
0 (t01 ell with thi|.tcen
ht:"UAP5 iigah. 'Thleir
the like mnT .! Ier `i s
was tile 8s qf QfGrge Ill to [,ar-
I iamleut, Ul uik. in. g:th Aliic A rI,:I'.II-a I|I i
re bel s+.~l'% C ex i t e, l.l c: ,,,.h.,,]i-,:-

the time of Louis XIV., and who "has'
left such a voluminous work of per-
sonal me|Doirs. On an occasion when
Mr. G. gave a dinner on7 the 4th
of July, the first toast drunk was the-
memory of Washington, the second of
Frankfin. St. Simon heard of this,1
and next morning called on Mri. G. to
express his surprise that Washington
should, have been noticed before
Fraiiiii. If, ,iIiv was no, friend
oi' nirili ;'it'" V lie i' 'ilnd tloii'i- it.
Fr'anklii tiHit.,-- eater ni i ,i,- the tw'-,
and tl;tt lie e sh'.-uld be first tr,:lqLkd.
Sl. SiL i,.,ii' r Uliet.- w;IS a L^.a nt. r;! f ,,ti,.-.r
uude-r C. uint K(l.'. iiinil.>:.ittl, a1 ,d ,:r-'v t.,d
in Anierk-io iii the v;iiie: igri tlrn.:h
7., tKH l, in llt e.-aSurr(i, dlr'.,11 of Lo.rd
< 6 m r is-4 l/ fe u i + ^ S w ) t l ie


.*'. .. .-AffD-
(jENTgE ?,.., FE)'iNrA'VN,, FjA

.delipphiat,', where the IM-1 kioin of
Ameriean Independe-uce, as well::as:
the Constitutkon of the Uhjited States
were both adt)pted, the first by .6-e
(','utinvntal Congr,.;s, and the ,second,
liv a c.,nvoitih.u of hie-. States e -t he;,
A :,]*:! b'..in Ui~iir,. In I'.'41 tilie p)optl->

ENIRE S T ., F i- p [t. 'Y

.MASON, 0Proprietor,
-.- The Bar is -,iii.r h.,, ,iihi ,t-',; :of
_\1,-, Wines'Liq'uol o 1,l,.i _1 g k .

->i] H a ii it .i i- i f '' '
O R;' T- 'i ***
. ..,A B ^ -- -, .. ._ p! : .lll., o.
DefIS. ,.-. .. "- ,a,. "
'L <"I N n,)S '-..ti '
rtlways o n hand aund fUrnished lo order.

,' B 1 L ,DERS.
,PfIE VNiiMA]'& A8.',
Manufacturers tSl.il'
SCROLI. ;and [ i ; ft N !L 1 *W iVR 1<,
.;-..r,.. &i .f.ived (Q, .: e .' Shingles,
&c', &e. "'* +"'
i" \ -',':,'1'i *LUTNIBE constantlsy ii hart
0gAll orders promptly flled. mayl-6m

-SECOIN-D .;.7',
.Manufacturer of
Mry.Job Work a specialty. Repairing done
with dispatch. myl-3m

R. M. 4I1NI)DEllSON,
and dealer in U dnertaikr's tMalarial,

ar *' *' ,rf"' * *:*** : ". .... :
il '" ". .* .* .- *. *:



~C r

I .. .

-- %-- ~

ernandimt bIfrmar


Our thoughts are heard in heav-

Proclamation of the Governor.
The readers of theriiiVER will
ff1=" id~ In anluiberl_,oMMmn^pir oc M l-
tion of His Excellency M. L. Stearns,
Governor of Florida, offering one
thousand dollars cash, in addition to
the thousand dollars offered by the
authorities of Nassau county, as a re-
ward for the apprehension and proof
of guilt of the party who assassinated
the Hon., E. G. Johnson, State Sena-
Itor from.the 14th District. 4&leasy
will lay the head of the guilty wretch,
neither will the rocks or the moun-
tains, the brush, or the plains conceal
him long. Justice is awake and in
his pursuit, while, at the same time,
suspicion is alive.

"Bvery man is his own greatest
* dupe.,
"Look on this Picture, then on thaLt"
The Tallahassoe Sentinel says,
that "the Republican constitution of
Alabama erected fourteen new offices,
with salaries amounting in the aggre-
gate to $3,440. The last democratic
General Assembly of the' State erect-
ed 717 offices, with salaries amount-
ing in the aggregate to $143,500.
This was the work of one session.
Will the opposition press reproduce
these figures,, or will it continue its
unjust denunciations of the repub-
licans as solely responsible for the
extravagant expenditure of the peo-
ple's money in theoSouth?"


* f1


SLand Now
"Buy Land Now I"


Notes from the Capital.
[Fronm our Rcgular Correapoui.ent.l

We insert entire the following
mysterious editorial notice, given to
its following," in the last Floridian.
What does it really mean? If it is
intended to promote the interests of
those with whom the Floridian. is
identified, then we advise those with
whom we are identified to hold their
lands at high figures, and at the driv.
ing of the bargain to sell them very
dearly, at a price not less than three
for one that is offered. If it be a
time to buy lands, it is equally a time
to sell at the best prices. Here is what
the Floridian says:
BUy NoW!
There is scattered throughout the State
& good deal of valuable land. It is in whole;
sections, and in fractional parts of sections
and if there be any citizens who know where
desirable land is, and they wish to secure a
lew acres for themselves and children, our
advice is TO BUY NOW, and be in a hurry
about it! Three millions of acres of States
lands have been deeded and sold to a
Yankee company of speculators at twenty-
five cents an acre or thereabouts. Gov.
Stearns, who has a keen eye to.the main
chance, has gone North to manipulate the
sale. It means mischief to the future of
Florida, and we say, and repeat with empha-;,
sis buy your land now! Under carpet-bag rule
and it grieves us to say it, almost all specu-'
lators can buy land cheaperthan 'home peo-
ple. Having no access to the records, we
demand, in the name of the people, that
the official organ shall furnish the deed
.:lately made -to Reverdy Johnson, to the end
$hat such of the people Us de-ire to pur-
iAie a homestead may know that if they
------ delay their chance is poor indeed!

T There is music in all things men
\ had ears." ....

Not a Haven of Rest.
We clip the following from the At-
lanta Advocate, if it needs a comment
or two, our readers can ready furn-
ish them. We may be allowed to re-
mark, however, that when it comes to
&c., &c., &c., the conductors 'f-he
Telegraph NS Messenger,are the very
last persons in the .South to throw
stones, eh, Master Clisby; speak:
deacon Jones; blush Romeo Reeesel
What a trio, to sit in judgment on
the worst miseegenatioriist in the
world, let alone a christian bishop I
To show the importance of a visit of
the 'fool-killer to the editorial offices
of some of the Georgia newspapers we
give the following from the Macon
(Ga.) Messenger, a journal a part at
,least of whose editors and publishers,
(like that .at Gxiffin, and most of the
meaner sort,) were formerly from the
1North, and who take this method of
demonstratingtheir "loyalty" to the
South and of making money (their
main object) out of the Southeru peo-
ple. In speaking -of the Atlanta
University, and under the sub-head
of "Bishopl Haven," the Messenger
,says :
"Yes there he .sat, with the cheek of Ju-
das, the very impersonation in appearance
of a rowdy, bibulous rough, who had
luckily escaped with unbroken bones from
Donnybrook Fair. ins crauium cropped

,I --~ IIC -

i '^ -"

- .

* -low 961-*


put'witlf every villainous bump of acquisi-
tiveness, amativeness, combativeness,
swectiveness, and every other protuberance
that phrenology would ascribe t6 a first
class unscrupulous, carpet-bagger and
miscegenator. The very air felt foul and
oppressive in his presence,, and the neusea
and disgust of those who looked upon him
were but illy! concealed..
This Magnus Apollo among scalawags at
first seemed to enjoy his triumph, and
began to show off, ky asking the poor pu-
pils all sorts of impossible questions.
The examination turned upon the 'Eng-
lish language, past and present, and he
wanted to know of one of them in what
language the Queen of England affixed her
royal signet in any document. Of course
the inexperienced youth could not answer,
and the pedantic upstart took him down.
He tried, too, to be facetious, and brusquely
inquired of an intelligent half-breed, 'Has
any oe the right to coin words for the.
English language?' 'Yes, sir,'he promptly'
replied, 'Mark Twain enjoys that privilege.
Professors, scholars and visitors all joined
in the laugh against the sanctimonious old
reprobate, and pretty soon he subsided and
took his departure.
When the door closed upon his'retratbing
form, every one felt easier and happier,
andthe writer for one felt glad tlhat he had
been spared the task of scouting at intro-
duction to this miserable marplot, who is a
more deadly enemy to the unsuspecting
and credulous negro than the rattlesnake in
his lair. And now wetfeel better."
One would suppose that he would
"feel better" after thit elnission*, "But
what of the people? Even tht'readero
of the Messeg&er jaa" nil
-9S nhi- o' -the v6mit of uch dogs';
That is a specimen of "high-toned
Southern journalism."

from the region of Tampa-Bay through
Middle Florida and across Georgia and
Tennessee, to the Mississippi River, and ov-
er it and back again, on its backs to die,
and in its turbid Waters to be buried, nev-
er had the indefatigable patience and per-
severance to turn from his course in Taylor
county to find the mouth of a cabalistic
jug buried there upon the outer limits of
an active and turbulent volcano keeping
guard over it in the swamps of that region,
with the thermometer standing at near one
hundred degrees in the shade, and mosqui-
oes'and other vampire insects by the myr-
iad* Old Governor Spotswood, with his
Knights of the golden horse-shoe, sur-
mounted the Allegbany Mountains, until
then unexplored, and looked out upon the
mighty West beyond, where nu white mans
foot had trod. Nunez-de-Balboa ascended
the Cordillera height of tho' Isthmus, and
caught the first immortal view of.tho Pa-
cific Ocean accorded to the Caucasian Race.
Cortes, Alvarado and Pizarro performed
wondeful deeds in their conquests of the
continent. But what were these, were
those, were all, to thbi most wonderful and
sublime achievement? Old MIunchausen
travelling in Siberia hitched his horse to a
post in the snow, as he supposed, and lay
down to rest. When he awoke he found
the snow. melted and his horse suspended to
'the top of a church steeple, and he heard
an endless multitude of voices and sounds
(Itimoring" aL-,! -h Imou -ini t-lat h dl-been
frozen up on their first utterance.But in tI-is
expedition, marvellous to relate, following

the opening of the cabalistic jug that was
first found, the grave leader of the expedi
tion, deserted by his companions, found
himself in "the top of a pine tree one hun .
dred and twenty,,seven feet high, heard
volcanic detonations in his ears, and saw
before his eyes thick columns of smoke as
black as Erebus." Now, Brother Pratt,
you may produce your biggest 'gator,' or
again sink Orange county, beneath the
ocean, but beat this performance of our
great modern explorer if you can ; and all
!ye Florida tourists and searchers after the
9'sea serpent," come and see the wonder in
Taylor county, for whether you find the
veritable pine tree and hear -the volcano,
and see the smoke, or not, you will surely
be paid for your trouble by a visit to one
of the finest mineral springs in the coun-
try, of which there is no doubt. But the
Floridian says, ",id you want to get into
business in Tallahassee, justsay "volcano !"
6_In the third'place, "our set" and "our so-
ciety," like the old women mentioned. by
Burns in his inimitable poem of "Tain 0'-
Shanter," are still, in respect to 'Jonathan'
"Nursing their wrath to keep it warm."
And our amiable democratic Mayor is
: still endeavoring, to the very best of his
ability, to catch the rogues in our midst, as
Swill .be snco- from the ,follo-wing commend-
able aoico in theicolumnis of the Florikian
"*Late au Sat-urady night, Mr. Peter Protz
was awakened by a noise in his yard pro-
ceedingtf"om the.direction of his chicken
coop, where Ie kept &alot of nice fowls.
Getting up and gouig out he saw by the
light of the, moon (wlinh was shining
brightly) two cedorcd fellows ia the a-t of
climbing the fence and pulled down on
themf witlh his revolVer. The negroes
dropped over on the outside 3Mr. Protz supposed that was the end of it,
but thought he would go around to the coop
and see ift rny damage had been done. Just
as he opened the. coop door and being
entirely off his guard, a burly negro sprung
out upon him and wrested the pistol from.
his hand. He grappled with him for some,
minutes, but the negro finally bore him to
the ground and succeeded in getting off
with a whole-Akin.
There is toa much of this stealing going
on, and it is to be regretted that in this,
instance Mr. Protz did not succeed in hurt-
ing some of the rascals."
But that which has most stirred the good
people is the assassaiation of the Hon. E.
G. Johnson, State Senator of the 14th di:-
trict. It is known that, he being a South-
erd republican, and an active republican
partizan, had incurred the bitter animosi-
ty of the native white people, especially in
Columbia country, and that he had bitter
persofial enemies, growing out of his po1li
tical course, rather than originatiitg in any
private and personal matters. This state
of facts existing in connection, with the
further fact that" tho Senato, as constituted,
it,-r^ twvelyo democrats ar-d twelve republi-
cans, so that although the democrats have,
tihe President pro tern. they ,still were with-
outa working quorum in the body and,there-
fore, (as was proven last winter,) could be
at any time checkmated in their action, by
the withdrawal of the republicans, leads
many to think that the assassination of Mr.
Johnson was in fact a political murder to
political end. And those who thus think,
strengthen their view of the ease, through
tho additional fact, that tho democratic
leaders have always asserted that, but for

Johnson, the democracy could surely carry
Columblia county, and the Columbia coun-
ty Senatorial District, which would give
the democratic party a clear majority in
tho Senatte,,if.noA;in the Legislature. They
moreover believe that with a working ma-
jority in the Senate, the democrats would
proceed to oust Sturtevant and others until
they came to have matters their own way,
and this in more ways than one, considering'
the attitude of the Conoverites and Lis gu--
bernatorial game. Furthermore,-those who,
thus talk say, that this assassination makes
the safety of the republican party, as well
as the possession of thegubernatoria.l office,
dependent entirely ,upon the single life of
Governor Stearns, for if any fatal accident
now occurred to him, the .vesidentpro tern.
of the Senate, Mr. McCaskil, who is a
democrat, .would forthwith become Gover-
) On the contrary, the democrats scout the
idea of its being ai political murder, for say
'they, it was in their power last winter to
have 6cnL Steams to the United States Sen-
ate, after McCaskill was made President
pro tina. of the.State Senate, and they res
fused-to.do it, although by so doing the
democracy could have grasped the guberna-'
torial office. Of course they keep back the
fact that there were certain democratic ass
pirants for Senatorial honors last winter,
who would not have surrendered their
chances for the United States Senate either
for the iterests of their party or those of
the whole State Mtseef, jdgqif th4em by their
acts. But be this as it ma-, it iq ,- ;y to see
that, whatever nigy h i : -I.-d to the .'i ,'a-i-
nation of Sen:,tor J..>lti5o'ri. there i,. .a \eiry
decided though -iup|.r,':--,il r;.ilin X ,,' jy
am ong the de? ,,.,. t ; ,l Ih. l r u';i i.,li.

tical prospects in consequence of his death.
I merely give you tie on diMs on the sub-
ject, without meaning to express any opin
ivn whatever for myself in respect to it, ex-
cept to say that a more atrocious murder
was never committed in any civilized com-
munity on earth, it matters not who did it,
or what the motives were-that lad to it
This assassination, together with the dis-
graceful and degraded scenes at Live Oak'-
a few days since, and the violent teachings
of the "Ishmaelite Detective Press," as it
has been styled by the Nationftl RepubUcan
of Washington city, are equally matters
for all citizens ot property-holding interests
in the State, well to consider the effect such
things must have upon the minds of thous.
ands in the North and West who were
contemplating a .move in this direction
with their capital, their energy, and -their
intelligence. The personal success of a'few
trading politicians can scarcely compensatory
them for the loss which such acts and con,
duct entail upon their property interests
and the general welfare. Those who coun-
tenance, or in any manner extenuate such
atrocities, and such moral degradation, deo
serve to be classified with the brutes who
enact the idmas and sentinents they express
and would have no right t6 Complain if the
law regarded them equally as 'hosts humani
generis.' -

"'8olitude is.the home of the strong;
silence their prayer. "

In our local columns will be found the par-
ticulars associated with the assassination of
the Hon. E. G. Johnson, State Senator for the
14th District of the State, on the night of the
Sipt inst., and by whose death the republican
party in the State lhas not only lost a Senator,
but the majority In the Senate, while giving
the democracy a quorum in that body.-Fer-
nandtna Observe. h.
The covert insinuation contained in the
above paragraph is worthy of the source
from whence it proceeds.
Nothing contained in the evidence elicit-
ed before the Jury of Inquest, and none of
the facts connected with the murder, in a
single jot or title, indicate that the act wask
the result of political prejudice. We ut-
terly repel and throw back with contempt,
the above cowardly and baseless aspersion
upon the democratic party. No intelligent
man can weigh all the circunimtances with-
out being forced to the conclusion that
private tanimosity prompted the occurrence.
The above vile slander is the first flop-
ping of the "bloody shirt" business, which
we expect to see followed in succession by
the other radical papers.. Such attempts
will only recoil upon their author.
Now in order that all decent people
.may know how easy a thing it is for
those-despicable wretches of the Press
.boniisrepresent the truth, ,listort
Things as they are, and lie unblushing-
ly as to.any and every thing whatso-

r, either ignorantly, e1 delil.,vrate-
$[P,we take from the editorial c6tumne
of tbecFloridif, ,the 27th inst. the
AK&Powing statement, and plaeo it stide
"-b iaide wi ,"ejtiffh OnsBVEII,
so lyingly afed lupon -by the
Press, and asythie Press if it will
dare to make tthe same comments up-
on the Floridian as it has made on
the OBSERVER? The Floridian says:
"By the killing of Dr. Johnson of
Columbia county, a vacancy is creat-
ed in the Senate from that district,and
it-becomes the duty of the ,Governor
to order a special election. The Con-
servatives have always carried.olum-
,bia county fairly, but have Meen as
.regularly swindled out of tloh" ;rights,
and it is generally il. cvI-l tlhat the

deceased Senator was .always promi-
nent in the swindle. Perhaps now
the elections will go as the, people
order them. The success of the Con-
servatives in Columbia will give the
.arty. majority of two in the 1en-
ate." "
Further comment on our part is
unnll ssary !

"The mother's hIea't is rite chih!P-s

In a recent tissue of tthe Cincinnati
Gazette we have been deeply impressed
with the force and truth of the
following declaration:
"There has never been a time when
journalists and public speakers were
more. imperatively called upon for
plain expositions of party antecedents
than now. Events and facts which
to older men appear too familiar for
notice will surprise anll influence ma-
ny a young voter who fancies that
democracy in name is really demo-
cracy in principles."
Another journal in commenting up-
on this paragraph from the Gazette
has pertinently added:
"Many a man is deceived *by the,
word democracy, ,-d imagines that
because Ahe'Bo-called democratic par-
ty arrogates -the name, it must per se
be based upon- democratic principles,
Take, for instance, the recent paper-
money inflation platform of the Ohio
Democracy. Who, in view of the ad-
vocacy of this platform by the Ohio
Democracy, would imagine that An-
drew Jackson, under whose banner
the democratic party was first array-
ed, became the idolized "hero" of that
party because he crushed the life out
of the paper-money-bank-"monster?"
and that Thomas .Hart Benton was
-the demi-God of that party by reason
of his great championship of its "hard-
money" shibboleth ? It will thus be
readily seen how easy a thing it is for
the unr'eflecting to be deceived by a
We propose, therethre, to address
to our readers a series ,of editorials
illustrative of parties, or those polit-
ical organizations which have had ex-
istence in our country since the adop-
tion of the Federal constitution in
1788-89. Without this review no one
*can understand properly the present
attitude f parties, mad there is many

a man ,who in view of the facts, will
he.amazed to find himself entirely out
of his. true-po.itpn wliere he now
stands. It will be unquestionably
seen, before we conclude, that the
republicann party is the very embody-
mentofthe Whig party, in respect
to. public measures, and of the Demo-
cratic party in xespect to principles;
that, in fact, the Whig and democrat-
ic parties were the parents of the
republican party; that since the Re-
publican party came to maturity the
measures and principles, or vital forc-
es of the Whig and democratic par-
ties, have alone had existence in the
Republican party; and that the pres-;
ent so-called democratic party is en-
tirely a bogus imposition, without
principles, made up of heterogenious
elements without cohex-ence, .and -that
every old-line Whig in its ranks is,
allied with it only by past accident
.and the force of uncontrollable cir-
cumstances, and, therefore, is occupy-
ing altogether a false position in re-
spect to his own &avowed principles,
-and should n6 lo ,tger continue in the
doubtful attitude he has been unhap-
pily compelled to assume, the oppor-
tunity having arrived when he can
take up a new departure and allign
himself in support of all his original
ideas and conceptions ao perfectly as
if Henry Clay were still alive and
marshalled him to the front. We
commence with our initial numer.-to-

day and

ecial attention

Constitution, the leaders, on both
sides, fresh from the struggle of the
revolution and war for independence,
were operated upon equally 'by liigh
and patriotic motives, and influenced
alone by considerations of public pol-
icy. Though in this respect widely
separated in their views, and furious-
ly antagonistic, they were, neverthe-
less, severely conscientious. Their
division originated in the progress of
the new Government upon questionsI
affecting the construction to be given
to the provisions of the Constitution,
through which the powers of the cen-
tral authority or general Government
should be limited and restricted in
action, or otherwise enlarged and
rendered dominant and supreme.
The one side, deeply impressed with
the disastrous civil administration of
the old Confederation of "perpetual
Union," consequent, as it was suppos-
ed, on the want of unity and strength
in the central or Federal head, by
reason of the limitations imposed up-
on its powers by the States, each in
the plenitude of its independent sov-
- zeignty, savi fearing (similar results
from the operation of sirni'r causes
in the new Government of "a more
perfect Unior," declared in favor of
so construing and applying the exec-
utive, legislative and judicial func-
tions assigned to the latter under the
Constitution, as to assure to it not
only resisting capacity, but subduing
force, as against State antagonism,
and hence were styled, in the party
nomenclature of the times, Latitudin-
arians or "F'ederalists."
The other side, remembering the
tyranny and exactions of Great-Bri-
tain, when bound in their dependent
colonial condition to her central au-
thority, and having in their view the
still more obnoxious and centralized
despotisms of Europe as then existing,
,considered that oppression -from cen-
tral authority as more to be dreaded
than any evils that could possibly
arise from the defection of the States,
and, therefore, declared in favor of
limiting and -restricting the executive,
legislative and judicial functions of
the new central Government accord-
ing to the plain and direct import of
the letter of the Conatitotioa, admit-!
ting the exercise of no power -not e ;-
pressly set forth -in thl charter, orv
which, otherwise, was not plainly and
positively necessary- to give effect to
that which was obviously expressed,,
reserving to the States absolutely, in
their sovereign capacity, separately
and independently, a3 r;ghts, duties,
powers, franchises, liberties and obli-
gations not so specified in the Consti-
tution, and hence the advocates of
these ideas and conceptions were
styled Strict-Constructionists or
State-_iights-J~epubliccins. "

On the one side Adams the elder,
and Alexander Hamilton became the
chief representative men or leaders of,
the firstor "-Federal party," whereas
on the other side Thomas Jefferson
and James Madison became the lead-
ers of the latter or "State-Rights par-
ty." The first w-as also known a tlhe
Massachusetts and New England par.
ty, and the last as the Virginia and
Southern party.
(ITo be continued.)
NOTE.--In .Virginia, during the war of tlhe
revolution .for independence, her people were
a unit in sentiment and therefore, tlhe nomen-
clature of parties as "Whig, and "Tory," ex-
isting everywhere else uuder the confedera-
tion, did not obtain in Virginia. The people
of Virginia were all "patriots," within the single
exception of the family of Lotel Fairfax, and
even this family, through their friendship for
Washintgton, attempted tQ raise no faction and
remained silent in tlhe struggle. Under these
circumstances the "patriots" of Virginia were
designated, as among themselves, in relation
to their condition In life, either aa -high-met-
tled nags," or "old-field colts," according to
their personal states among the."c~ommonal-

sentiment on the question of independence.

"Poverty is the test of courtesy and
civility and the touchstone of friend-
ship ."

of our ree
shall here
ject, for V
ters _trer
good will
of the SU

id to all that
:upon the sub-
,hat if the mat-
lously weighed,
" it to the future
people .

No. ,Sqs. I1 Week I11 M. 13 Mo. 1 6 MO --i-- ooea-r
1 | $1 4 3 | 5.:54 $ $10 (1$15
8. 3 8 | 8 r .1 I 25 40
Adtrti nts running oer, three nonths,- -
10 lines nonpareil type make one square.
CASU must accompany the advertisement.
except whero'we have a special contract. One
copy ot the paper will .x 9seWt to each advertis-
er, of over one month du;-at4on.
Rates of Legal AdvertiSements $1.10 per
square for each insertion.
Pr Annum ................................... $2.00
re six monhtls............................... 1.00
Fernandlna, Fla.

ts the more toe


|es in the United

The Hi,


In the I lMikl f the United
States unra:,i Constitution nation-
al political parties were not organiz-
ed distinctive until the Presidential
contest between the elder Adams and
Mr. Jefferson in 1800. Tiue, during
the period of the revolutionary war
for indepo.lenoo, un'.l>r the articles
of Conf~doiat.oan between the old thir-
tWoniPS*, ,0o lRoyalists, or king's
partiman4,' wa fityle "Tories,". and
the Rebes, r patriots, were called
"Whigs," w^ the days of the revolu-
tion and o tl, old confederation had
94jbcc, Nb^eredl; -0e 'dlsbinc~tin-_
telweenlR iat,,niI BRe.iLl had coas-d
to ie kho ,; thle compact between
the original. hirteen States, although
purporting to be one of "/":*' /,.'
Union,', had been broken and dis-
solved by the secession of the smaller
-States chiefly of New England; "a
more perfect Union," in the place of
"the perpetual 7ni'on,"had been formed
chiefly through the generous and
magnanimous action of Virginia and
her influences; a new government, as
"the general agent," and representa-.
tive of the nation, had been ordained
and established, and "Whig and To-
ry"--"high-mettled nags" and "old-
field colts"*-all joined their voices
together ff gigt years in assigning
to Washington the task of adjusting
its political functions. The people,
however geographically divided, had
n ny the successful issue of the Te-
rolution metamorphosedfirst, in their
primary, oirhf4ividual character, from
the condition of "subjects" to that of
4"cleizens,"-or, in other words, from
being subdue, and passive instruments
of Governnment, into active elements
or generating principles ot of,
through, and by whom Government
emanates and proceeds; next, in their
secondary, or reflected corporate char-
*acter, from the c6ndition of dependent
"colonies" or "provinces," to that of
separate and distinct "independent-
States fan d oroignties;1 --or, in
otherN w(q! r xeing communities
bound to central authority, into self-
sustaining powers -exacting allegiance
even from central authority itself
within the ,limitations of the written
charter of Union; and now all, alike
rejoicing in these blood-bought per-
sonal tights and privileges, political
liberties and public franchises, sought
to incarnate them, through the Con-
stitution, in Washington, as the ex-
emplar of freedom for all coming
time. In hjifwisdom, his 'virtue, his
patriotism, and his devoted singleness
of purpose all were willing to abide,
and to await, without division, the de-
terminations of his administration as
to the new order of affairs, State and
Federal, uoler the new Government.
But GoVernment being once insti-
tuted and established, differences and
divisions -in sentiment and object
soon take, place, and parties, either as
effective exponents of public policy,
or, less happily, as the organized
methods of personal ambition soon
arise. As methods of personal am-
bition they subordinate patriotism to
selfishness, but as exponents of public
policy they subordinate selfishness to
patriotism, In the former 'case the
State, by their operation, is reduced
to the necessity of choosing between
men, and of looking through men to
measures, prostrating the public iiv
terests before personal ambitioji. In
thglattcr case the public welfare is
chiefly Considered, tlhe principal choice
is as -to-measures, through measures
turn'are alone regarded" and personal
ambition is sublimely chastened by be.
ing compelled to consult the public in-
terests in all that it does. The wise and
observant rarely fail to understand
the real meaning of the party and
partisan, standards that thus come to
bo elevated before the public, nor are
they, if conscientious, easily seduced

from a true allegiance to the common
welfare. But the wise and observant
are few in comparison with the un-
reasonirg many, controlled .alone by
their ignorance and their passions,and
the debauched demagogue and low
political intriguer, artfully advancing
his personal ambition while displaying
the standard of patriotism, too often
receives the M'fidoec'es of the unre-
flecting people, and betrays the laws
and liberties of his country. Thus,
indeed, history teacher us to know,
all popular governments have fallen,
like the eagle' tho shaft feathered
from its own wing, until, at length,
the profoundest minds have come to
despair of the ability of the people to
govern themselves and maintain re-
publican institutions.
thtt this, however, be as it may. In
the!fir-t division of, piuti,:s i 'l,:r tile

SATRDAY, JULY 31, 1875,

TVoe unto you when all me, speak
well of you."
"Let the Galled Jade Wince."
We learn that some of the votaries
of salt water and sea bathing are
highly indignant because the OBSER-
VER in the proinotiron of its high pur.
poses in behalf of the public welfare,
sees fit, in regard to matters that in-
vite public attention, not only to ex-
pose political wrong-doing- and wrong-
doers, but-
"To.shoot follyras it flies,
Apd catch the manners living, as they rise."
We furthermore learn that ruffianly
throats have been made against us
personally; by some of those of the
following of the political crew we
have felt it to be our public duty, in
our public character as public jour-
"To lash as with a whip of scorpion-s."
We have now to say thatthe meth-
ods and practices of the latter are not
only well-known to us, but recently
have become startlingly revealed to
ARMED I We repeat, the whispered
slander from mouth to mouth, the
well-considered inuendos and covert
understandings, the studied personal
bearing in the presence of others, to-
gether with the manufactured libels,
the bitter, denunciations, and the eus.
of the "Ishmaelite Press," are all, both
in motive and design well understood
by us and by the public. THEY NEED
It is evident, in the particular mat-
ters to which we refer, that the poli-
ticians and their political dupes, who
alone are involved in any thing that
has been said by the OBSERVER, and
whose passionate folly and impotent
knavery we have only so far satirized,
are endeavoring, for a purpose, to
identify their case as politicians with
others in their private relations, thus
to acquire for themselves meretricious
sympathy, while urging forward ruf-
fianism to personal acts of atrocity, to
silence our pen. This we call the
method, not of reason and argument,
but of terrorism. Be itSO--THE ERESS
As.tothe whole matter, however,
we have just this to say in conclusion:
Those who have been particepscrimi-
nis in attempts at our moral, as well
as political assassination, are fully ca-
pable, we doubt not, of any other .act
of cowardly atrocity, even though it
should be actual personal assassina-
tion, provided the perpetrators can
make sure of their escape from the
clutches of the law, and the domina-
tion of such leaders of the deifcratic
party can be secured thereby in the
State. NZous verons.

",The most difficult thing in life ,s
to know thyself."

The AssasSination. *
We ,dip the following precious char-
aeteristic 'morceau' from the "pious"
-sheet of the ."truly good Elder," only
remarking that, although there is not
one single word in the extract from
the OBSERVER that the "good -Elder"
quotes, to warrant the interpretation
he has lyingl~y-s& usual, for a purpose,
put upon it, the extracts being only a
statement of facts as they positively
exist, yet .it.daes not surprise us that
his ,cB8ience should have been start-
led $hy the ghost that alarms it, know-
ing well, as he does, what his "pious":
teachings have been through the
Press, and seeing in this assassination,
as he doubtless does, their solution in
the eyes of' the public. :Nor do we at
all .wonder that the apprehension ,of
the bloodyy shirt" should .just now be
uppermost in his "pious' mnaid. The
result of the investigation .into the
case may yet produce qgiscene in the
office of the .Press, not less graphic
than .that called" up by Shakespeare,:

when Banquo's spectral form, with
his throat all torn and bloody,.appear-
ed to Macbeth in the midst,of his feast;'
and then too, he may exclaim, as did
the guilty Thane:--

4th. Judicial Circuit Bradyord County.
vs. L Libel for Divorce.
,_ George R. Dickson, the Defendant; resides
-out of the Fourth Judicial Circuit, it is there-
fore ordered that service be perfected by pub
lication in the-Fernandina OBSERVER an official
paper in the Circuit for the space of four
months, and that the Defendant plead, answer
or demur to the bill filed against him by the
ruled day in July next or a decree will be taken
pro confesso.
Fernandina, May 3,1875.

A LL persons indebted to the Riddell House
(or tbe late Firm of Riddell & Downie) are
hereby notified to come forward immediately,
and settle their accounts with me-Andall per-
sons having any claim against said Firm, are
hereby required to present the same at once,
at my office in the store of Sanborn Hoyt & Go.
D. LEFILS, --,
Receiver Riddell House.
Fernandina June 26,1875-tf.

me by law, I will ell on Monday, the 2nd
of August, 1875, within the legal hours ofsala
before the CourtHouse in the City of Fernan-
dina, Fla., the following tracts or parcels of
land, or so much thereof as will pay the City
Taxes thereon for the year 1874, wit) costs ; to
Lots 9,10,11,12,13,14 in block 1I), Itnown as
the property of the now Mansion Hlouse; taxes
and cost, $132.46.
Waterlot 19 and improvement-. assessed am
the property of John Darby, tixv. lor IL73 and
costs, $35.76.
Waterlotl9 and imlrovu.en1(. asseawd as
the property ofJolin lu,'mly, lnxe, and costs
for 1874, $19,73. -
Tt'arin L D Ia,",' "

1A" ( IRf'UIT I'OUR 7' Oh" FLORIDA,.)
I',,ir/t Jieiil C!drettt, Nta.wi'/r Couity.)_
-lIn Chanecce'y :
vs. } -1Bill ]u"I l 'i\V .
JAMES F. JouIxsO-sN. .
S ,Tnilneq F tli l lit lL ii H all u 111 tit, .:
...i.,'.,',: l O, r,.- "'j-.l O lr ,if thi' [1o,. r i Jn l i l -
Circuit." "
IP i t-.,,itwe ordered. Tlit fill! .MalT Idefend-
rant ])lea I i anl, -or J-,r iir Io l the bill filed
.ii-,t pt |lhii, onl or D iorr rnl 1,.r. '.ext. or Ii decree j], ro .,,.I, z,.., '\ill be Taken
~; -ji oi et' ,'ordered, T a.9l I i\l, order i.e( pulp-
lished in an official new.iiiRi'.r in m"aid ('Ciruit,
to .vit-; The Fernandinau 'n-.i ,,' [ R, t'(." th e r<.-
rHod of four months.
R. R. _.\J-.'LllflAr-I1), Ju..4gc.
June 12, 1875.-1 m.
IN OCI r',0,T ,"OUy'-,t OF FLOR"tD.I ,)
4th ,T .,.L-','1 (.'11 '.i,,i, Ni ,.,jr ( ",W hiy. "
ROBT. M. SMITH, Pltff., ) .ttfehnment.
v:. 8 Lliia'-zes & suni .
JAMES M. I0OGE, and JAS. 0 -11 to, 'lt. $-1.ui.w
M. HOGE, Trustee, &c.. Dft.
f' IIE defendant and all other per.-ons inter-
ested are hereby notified of tI,---coin mene--
ment *if this suit by attachment, iouil are re- '.
quired to appear and plead to th.,- leclarat ion
filed in this action on or before the iinst Mori-
day in October, 1875. Dated June 19, 1875.
jn26-3m AttorPi-y i,| 1 ,a1"o er.
Fourth Judicial Circuit, Nassau County.
-In Chancery :
Charles Byrne, Bernard Byrne
Ellen Byrne, minor heirs of Ber-
nard M. Byrne, dee'd, by Louisa Bill for
A. Byrne, their next friend,
VS. Relief and
Joseph Finnegan, Daniel Calli-
han, Royal Boulter, and Harris Injunntiin. .
Young. J .
TT appearing by affidavit, that Joseph, Fine-
L gan and Daniel Callihan reside beyond- the -
limits of said State, and uiiiin the United
States, and that the place ocfreidence Of Har- -,
ris Young and oyal Bou'iter are unknown.
Itis therefore ordered. That -aid defendants 5-'
Joseph Finnegan, Daniel Clliahan, anti Harris
Young appear and answer the Ijll fied by
complainants in above can-s-, In mail (_'urt o01
or before the first Monday in October, A. D., ...
1875, being the fourth day of said month, or
decree pro confessd will be' tnken.
WITNESS the Hon. R. B. ARCHIBALD, Judge "
of said Court Hnd the Seal tlhereouj,
this 26th day of May, .%. 1. 1B75.
(Clerk Circuit Coiurt.

nw-, "let them obey that know how to

may ..-4m.

months after date I .will present my final
returns and accounts to the Judge of Probate
Court of Nassau county, Florida, for his ap-
proval, and.will at the same time apply for fin-
al discharge from administration of the estate
of A. J. King, deceased.
Administrator de bonis non
Eilate A. J. King, dec.-
Fernandina, Fla., June 1, 145. jn5-6m


TALLAHASSEE, July 27th,- 1875.
We have had high times, both jolly;
times and serious times, hereabouts since I
last wrote you. In the f ist plaqe we have
had a game of base-ball, worth telling
about, one hardly contested and strenuous-i
ly played out. Which side won, it is diii,
ficult to sny,'.but it as generallyy conceded,
however, that Bernreuter is decidedly the
best striker, that pitted against I he blows-
of tio striker De'Leon is the best catcher,
and that Bowes, equally agile and swift of
foot, can also fall to in the game g uicker
than any other man, particularly when
Bernreuter is impel-led into action irresista-
bly by Mundce.
In the second place, we have had the
teat of Ponce-de-Leen in search "ftthe foun-1
tain of youth surpassed, and Ah e story of
Barou-, Munchausen eclipsed. Who says
that your Southern Bourbon is not a man
of enterprise ? Who dare say it aitcr this
chividric perlfrni|cee'.' Even DeSoto, al-
thouh heu ndo his way through the will
,l,.rn..-;-, -.m l it; :a\:, t|' i t bwe, all the way

n"monthl after dale I %%ill present my final
returns nnd accounts to the Judge of ro bate
Counrof Na-ssufcounty, Florida, for bis ap-
proval, and will at the same tile apply for
final discharge from ndminiltration of the
estate e1 John Jones, deceaw(.d.
Surviving ExeCutor.
F -rrindina, Fla., July 31, 1675.-I;in

Tallahassee, Fla., May 20,18 'I
S at this office, until November 1,1875, for the
Labor ofall the Convicts, together with the- "
Farm, Workshops- and Utensils3, t the .State
Prison of Florida, at Chattahoochee, for the
term of five years from date of contract. The
average number ,of convicts to he employed.
will be about eighty. The Farm consists of
thirteen hundred acres of land, two hundred
acres of which are now under cultivation. A
creek affording a large water power, runs
through the Farm near the Prison. Further
particulars may be obtained by addressaing the
Warden at Chattahoochee, or l\m-self, at this
office. Proposals must be sealed, addressed to
the Atjutant-General of the State of Florida
and marked .Proposals.for Conkact Labor.
jn5-5rtfa Adutant-General.

rTHE following persons have left their
_L Watchestiwith le for repllirs, amii some of
them have been repairn..d a'l all ready for de- .
livery for over orer y>:-pr.
John Floid, $ 8am Sikes,
Abe Young, Satmuel .Levi, "
Wash Owens, Henry Scott,
S. David, Isaac Morris,
G cliihll, Franlk Do-ion,
lRo-;1 iibh r,1. Tom W ildElr,
W. R. Ellik
I tib-.-b.%" si\'i. no)i-c' > that if" thtr r:lll)vC pcr-
zo_ l( r lo tit (.rtll ,"h- lli> W.l[ Mh15 wi tln tell
,'in s ift-r hi-l3 ate, llk-th y ill be- Aold for re-
}..i'1n-. ,. II. TW 1.,GG7. 1 .
h nIil li'iI .Ii1 '7. 1"7' -' t

Official Paper for the Fourth Judicial