<%BANNER%>

UFPKY NEH LSTA



xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8 standalone no
fcla dl
!-- Fernandina observer ( Newspaper ) --
METS:mets OBJID UF00054481_00002
xmlns:METS http:www.loc.govMETS
xmlns:mods http:www.loc.govmodsv3
xmlns:xlink http:www.w3.org1999xlink
xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance
xmlns:sobekcm http:digital.uflib.ufl.edumetadatasobekcm
xsi:schemaLocation
http:www.loc.govstandardsmetsmets.xsd
http:www.loc.govmodsv3mods-3-4.xsd
http:digital.uflib.ufl.edumetadatasobekcmsobekcm.xsd
METS:metsHdr CREATEDATE 2006-10-05T09:43:21Z ID LASTMODDATE 2009-03-04T16:08:20Z RECORDSTATUS METADATA_UPDATE
METS:agent ROLE CREATOR TYPE ORGANIZATION
METS:name UF,University of Florida
OTHERTYPE SOFTWARE OTHER
PreQC Application, 3.4.8
INDIVIDUAL
SMATHERSLIB\ranrenn
METS:note Updated pubdate from serial hierarchy
METS:dmdSec DMD1
METS:mdWrap MDTYPE MODS MIMETYPE textxml LABEL Metadata
METS:xmlData
mods:mods
mods:genre authority marcgt newspaper
sobekcm newspaper
mods:identifier type ALEPH 002020493
OCLC 10587487
NOTIS AKK7961
LCCN sn 84022765
mods:language
mods:languageTerm text English
code iso639-2b eng
mods:location
mods:physicalLocation University of Florida
UF
mods:note dates or sequential designation displayLabel Cf. Gregory, W. Amer. newspapers, 1937. Began in 1871; ceased in 1876?
Republican.
"Official paper for the Fourth Judicial Circuit."
Editors: S.E. deForest, <1872>; D.M. Hammond, <1873>; F.M. Hoyt, <1874>.
Publishers: F. Livingston, <1872>; D.M. Hammond, <1872-1874>; Fernandina Press Assn., 1875; Wm. Watkin Hicks, 1875-<1876>.
Proprietors: David L. Yulee, Samuel A. Swann.
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 11 (Jan. 19, 1872).
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
mods:originInfo
mods:publisher W.F. Scott
mods:place
mods:placeTerm marccountry flu
mods:dateIssued marc point start 1871
end 1876
mods:dateCreated December 1, 1874
mods:frequency Weekly
marcfrequency weekly
regular
mods:recordInfo
mods:recordIdentifier source UF00054481_00002
mods:recordCreationDate 840403
mods:recordOrigin Imported from (ALEPH)002020493
mods:recordContentSource University of Florida
marcorg NPX
NPU
NVK
MGN
FUG
mods:languageOfCataloging
English
eng
mods:relatedItem original
mods:physicalDescription
mods:extent v. : ; 62 cm.
series
mods:part
mods:detail Enum1
mods:caption 1874
mods:number 1874
Enum2
December
12
Enum3
1
1
Year
1874
1874
Month
December
12
Day
1
1
mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
mods:geographic Fernandina (Fla.)
Newspapers
SUBJ651_2
Nassau County (Fla.)
Newspapers
mods:hierarchicalGeographic
mods:country United States
mods:state Florida
mods:county Nassau
mods:city Fernandina Beach
mods:titleInfo
mods:nonSort The
mods:title Fernandina observer
mods:typeOfResource text
DMD2
OTHERMDTYPE SobekCM Custom
sobekcm:procParam
sobekcm:Aggregation FDNL1
FDNLN
sobekcm:MainThumbnail 54481_002_001thm.jpg
sobekcm:Wordmark UFPKY
NEH
LSTA
sobekcm:bibDesc
sobekcm:BibID UF00054481
sobekcm:VID 00002
sobekcm:Coordinates
sobekcm:Point latitude 30.669444 longitude -81.461667 label Place of Publication
sobekcm:EncodingLevel #
sobekcm:Publisher
sobekcm:Name W.F. Scott
sobekcm:PlaceTerm Fernandina Fla
sobekcm:Source
sobekcm:statement UF University of Florida
sobekcm:serial
sobekcm:SerialHierarchy level 1 order 1874 1874
2 12 December
3 1
METS:amdSec
METS:techMD TECHMD1
File Technical Details
sobekcm:FileInfo
sobekcm:File fileid JPEG1 width 630 height 853
JP21 5440 7364 servicecopy UFDCUF\04\08\04\51\0000254481_002_001.jp2
METS:fileSec
METS:fileGrp USE reference
METS:file GROUPID G1 imagejpeg CHECKSUM df4bbabf682ba98366592e550c37faa4 CHECKSUMTYPE MD5 SIZE 334447
METS:FLocat LOCTYPE OTHERLOCTYPE SYSTEM xlink:href 54481_002_001.jpg
imagejp2 df816038c6d1cbf2d77d70692b319ff5 5007625
54481_002_001.jp2
METS:structMap STRUCT1 physical
METS:div DMDID ORDER 0 main
PDIV1 Chapter
PAGE1 Page
METS:fptr FILEID
METS:behaviorSec VIEWS Options available to the user for viewing this item
METS:behavior VIEW1 STRUCTID Default View
METS:mechanism Viewer zoomable JPEG2000s Procedure xlink:type simple xlink:title JP2_Viewer()
VIEW2 Alternate
JPEGs JPEG_Viewer()
INTERFACES Banners webskins which resource can appear under
INT1 Interface
UFDC UFDC_Interface_Loader
INT2
FDNL FDNL_Interface_Loader


The Fernandina observer
ALL ISSUES CITATION SEARCH MAP IT! PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00054481/00002
 Material Information
Title: The Fernandina observer
Physical Description: v. : ; 62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: W.F. Scott
Place of Publication: Fernandina Fla
Creation Date: December 1, 1874
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Fernandina (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Nassau County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Nassau -- Fernandina Beach
Coordinates: 30.669444 x -81.461667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1871; ceased in 1876?
General Note: Republican.
General Note: "Official paper for the Fourth Judicial Circuit."
General Note: Editors: S.E. deForest, <1872>; D.M. Hammond, <1873>; F.M. Hoyt, <1874>.
General Note: Publishers: F. Livingston, <1872>; D.M. Hammond, <1872-1874>; Fernandina Press Assn., 1875; Wm. Watkin Hicks, 1875-<1876>.
General Note: Proprietors: David L. Yulee, Samuel A. Swann.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 11 (Jan. 19, 1872).
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002020493
oclc - 10587487
notis - AKK7961
lccn - sn 84022765
System ID: UF00054481:00002

Full Text
Il


fi


FENADTN A lRTEWER.


, LOCAL NEWS.
LOCAL NEWS.


New Goods.
SJ. & T. Kydd have just received large
I.nes of new goods in every department of
their stock at great bargains. 4w
Sudden 'Death.
J. C. C. Jones, Esq., a prominent
'citizen of our county, dropped dead
'on Thursday morning at the residence
f Mr. Stewart at Trader's Hill, Ga.
At J. & T. KyWd4
S Latest styles .hawls just received Balnio-
mal skirt's from % cents upward. 4w
The Masquerade. -
The Masquerade Ball of the Ama-
'teur Club will take place on Christ-
tnas night, December 25th, instead of
"- 'the 24th, as stated in our last.

o Xt J. & t. Kydd's.
Colored Alpacas, splendid quality, 25
cerits a yard. Their black alpaca at 50 cents
1s a decided bargain. 4w
And Still Another.
The steamer Rockaway is hourly
expected at this port from New York.
She is to ply between Fernandina and
Palatka and will run in connection
iWith the New York steamers.
".- .... '. .... Iew Dress Coods.
'J. & T. Kydd have just received a line
of double width Plaids in bright c6lors, .t
dents a yard, worth 40. 4w
$2_ Reward.
Attention is called to the notice of
$fr. Lawtey, in another column, offer-
ing a reward of $25 for the arrest
of persons who broke into his office,
bn Tuesday night.
""
At J. & T. jd '19
The best selection of fine Cassiln' a
ind Doeskins, Broadcloth,Flann IS &e., foi
6ents'wear at low prices. 4w
Soreign Exports.
The British barquentine "Etowah"
S capt. Petherbridge, was cleared for
Queenstown or Falmouth for orders,
on Saturday last, by Mr. Win. Lawtey,
4 ith 1370 barrels, of rosin, and 749
,barrels spirits turpentine. Value of
., cargo $13,000.

,Bleached and Bro*n Shirtings a'nd
S ,Sheetings
At New York prices, at J. & T. Kydd's.
-..... Personal.... ..
S-B. Camp, ecialgent of the
PT'."" ost Office Department, iA at the
Norwood House.
-Messrs. Friend, Hammond, Smith
a. 'd Andrews, were in attendance at
;: .' S. -District Court at Jackson-
.. ill, this week.
8300 Pieces New Style Prints
S" t bottom prices, at J. '& T. Kydd's.
Walls Declared Elected.
W" e take the following dispatch, an-
bouncing the election of Walls, from
he Jacksonville Union of the *th.
,T TALAHASSEE, Dec. 9, 1874.
S- ': ainvass finished. Walls declared
6 elected by about four hundred majorli-
ty, and Purman by six hundred.
S Legislature Republican.
*: W allace and Witherspoon tickets
S declared elected. -
Santa Rosa delegation rejected.

64..' re and Gloves.'
: A fresh assortment just received. 2 but
Ion Kid Gloves, fine quality, $1.25 a pair.
,, Also silk Cloth, and Castor.Gloves, for fall
;' and winter wear at J. &T. Kydd's. 4w

; Nassau Agricultural Society.
Tbis society met on Thursday eve-
ing of last week.
.,. The President and Secretary re-
S, orted quite a large amount of seeds
:"*" received and distributed among mero-
b' : hers of the Club, at prices favorable
to the purchaser. Samples of all seeds
S6n hand were given to the Seed Cora-
n ,( nittee, to be tested and reported on
at the next meeting.
The secretary was reqiiest&e to cor-
:'.. irspond with tho-e.Commissioner 'of
"--"- Agriculture at Washington and solicit








































































































s : eeds, cuttings, etc., for distribution
among the members of the Club.
Mrj .. Jacob Ballard was elected mem-
ber of the society.
Mr. Place, reported that his exlieri-
m eiit to ship radishes by the New
\ York and Feirandina Steamship Line
., ;-- ;o'New York had proved a success,
and justified future shipments. lIe
stated that he would plant large quan-
tities for the early Spring market.


The seed ordered for the members
of the Club will be sold at the store of
,, Byrne on Second Street,
notion, it was agreed, that the
-regular meetings of the CluI hereafter
be held on the first and third Saturdays,
in each month, at 2 o'clock: P. M.

tindershirts "d Drawers.
A large assortment, from 50 cents up,
every grade good value, at J. &. T. Kydd's.
4w
Blankets.
A largestock of blankets just received
nid offt-red at New Yolk prices at J. & T.
_ r d's. 4w


the National Government; that while
entirely faithful to the Confederacy
until 't became "the lost cause," no
man in all the broad land hailed the
return of peace more cordially or
more conscientiously than Mr. Yulee.
Mr. Yulee is a conservative Demo-
crat,,in the highest ;and best sense of
the word, and although differing en-
tirely with him in party creed; we
have been so thrown, by confisultation
in reference tb immigration, internal
improvement, transportation and
State development, in direct and in-
tinate personal haquaintance with
his views, that as a political opponent
we chfinot well refrain from contra-
dicting the action and thought imput-
ed to Mr. Yulee in the paragraph at
the beginning of this article. It is, as
we know, false in every particular,
and no living man can be found who
ever heard Mr. Yulee advance any


1~


BOOTS AND SHOES.


Mis-Represenafiohis always Iie-Aet.
We take from the Jacksonvilhle
New South, the following conclusiv
refutation of the fooli h canard float
ing about in regard to reported or
ganized action for the reclamation of
slave property. Coming from a Wel
kniowti Republican source, it carries
more than its intrinsic weight.

The hopes inspired in certain local-
ities by the late Democratic victory
are very significant. "A gentleman
of high standing, who has spent mrouch
time in Florida for two years, and is
acquainted there, brings the iiiliI II
tion that since the election gentlemen
in that State are engaged in buying
claims for slaves, and actually paying
cash for this class of claims, in some
instances 100 dollars each having
been paid. Among others engaged
in this business is ex-Senator Yulee."
We take the above from the Wash-
ingt(n Chlironuicle, and copy it as a
type of a style of mis-representation
of th'e condition of things at the
South, with which leading papers in
ithe N1orth have allowed themselves
to be duped, and to which they have
given wide circulation. Li&e the
base slanders that the same papers
have for years been habitually en-
doising, both f'omn la k of informa-
tiin as well as a want of courage,
against all Southern Republicans un-
der the general style of carpet-bag-
gers and scallawags; attempting to
vieit upon a whol, 1:iaA the sins of a
small fraction of that class. They
are untrue, and of course are evil in
all their influences and will always,
like curses, "come home to ro6st."
That frequent cases of'oufrage and
violence have occurred in the South,
none but a fool or a blind partizan
can doubt; but to accuse all the peo-
ple of the South who vote the Demo-
cratic ticket, of conniving at and sus-
taining all the low, base acts that oc-
curamong them under the combined
influence of bad whisky and worse ig-
norance and brutality is as transpar-
ently and foolishly false as the en-
deavor to fix upon the whole South.
ern Republicanf party the special sins
of the few among them, who, whether
convicted or not, are knoWn to have
committed g oss frauds upon the gov-
ernment. In neither case are the
criminals sustained by ev'eV a respect-
able numerical proportion of their
political associates. It is full time
that this stupid interchange of exag-
gerations atnd rnts.TSprest stations
should be brought to an end, and the
consequences of every sin, by a rigid
and imip:irtial administration of law,
be visited upon the guilty persons
themselves. In this matter the pregs
of the country may find a beneficial
sphere of action.
And now to recir to the paragraph
at t he head of this article, we desire
to say that while it is more than pos-
sible that here and there in the'South,
may be band a few wh'6 are wild and
fanatic enough to hope for a compen-
sation for slave property destroyed
by the rebellion, we do not believe
that one intelligent man in a thous-
and in the, South, has any such expec-
tation. At the same time we have
no doubt that reckless 'speculators
may occasionally be found to endeav-
or to cater to prejudice and make a
dishonest penny by talking large
about possible reclamation of slave
property. But no sane man, within
our acquaintance in the South, deems
the possibility of success in any such
scheme worth the trouble of discus-
sion.
We bring the mat er prominently
forwar to enable us to brand as ut-
terly and entirely false, the statement
therein made in regard to a most able
aiid juiblic spirited citizen of this
State, the Hon. David L. Yulee, of
Fern ndina. It is perfectly well
known in this State that Senator Yu-
lee, at the breaking out of the war,
as connected with the Florida Rail-
road, and as a private individual, had
a larger material interest in the pre-
servation o( pel (-e th'inii an" other cit-
izen of ilorida; tlit' lie very reluc-
tantly joined the minority nhat forced
the State into armed o, i,,iiin to


such thought or 'countenance any
e such scheme. A United States Sena-
e tor at the beginning of the war, of
comrfianding influence in the govern-
Sment, carrying in his hand tlhe whole
political faith and influence of his
f State and possessing to an unusual
degree the respect and confidence of
s the whole people, Mr. Yuilee saw the
end fr-oh the beginning, but like
many other noble and true men, and
as men in the North would have dore
* under reversed circumstances, conclu-
Sded to cast in his lot with his own
1 State and the people who so long and
so lhiitlilIlly had honored him. But
he liailed, and in pri perl'y, in political
Spromineiice and il ieelilyi, none have
paid more dearly for their mistake
Than 'MI. Yulee. Since the war, it is
Entirely within our personal know-
ledge that while acting with the Con-
; servatives iteither his losses, his long
I imprisonment, nor his bitter reverses
have sown in his mind and heart any
Seeds of bitterness oi hatred to the
government that vanquished him or
his fellow citizens fromi other parts of
the country. .Devotedly attached to
his own State of Florida, nearly every
thought is given to the development
of her resources ; and, among the
ablest and best informed of'tie whole
country, so foolish a scheme as the
reclamation of slave property, never
employed a moment of his thought.
No better sample of a truly patriotic
and conservative I democrat can be
found than ex-Senator Yulee. -
We are glad that circumstances en-
able us t6 prove the truth of' whfiat we
allege. In 1867 and 8 the late 'Gov-
ernor Hart Was acting as superinten-
dent of registration in Florida, pre-
paratory to the organization of the
new State government under the, re-
construction laws of Congress, Mr.
Y ulee, with a characteristic provision
of impending difficulties, a full appre-
ciation of the delicacy and difficulty
of reconstruction, and the desirability
of securing thrQughout the State a
disosition on all hands to co-work in
a practical plan of reconstruction
that by its wise conciliation should
commend universal partiality; came
over to this city and in a prolonged
interview with Governor Hart, en-
deavored to induce him to adopt a
series of resolutions which he had
drawn, as a basis of action in framing
the new constitution. They differed
in their views, and the resolutions of
Mr. Yulee were rejected. They sub-
sequently came into our possession,
arid, written in Mr. Yulee's own
hand-writing, have been quietly rest-
ing in our drawer, without any re-
cent knowledge on the part of their
author as to their existence; certain-
ly not in our possession, awaiting
publication'. They look old and yel-
low, but they are genuine, and by the
interpolations and erasures show the
labor and thought bestowed upon
them. Since they afford irrefragible
eviden e of the cordial and cheerful
acceptation, years ago, of the situa-
tion, by one who had more provoca-
tion to bitterness than most of the ad-
herents of the lost cause, and thus
best refute the base imputation that
is cast upon their author, we deem
the proper time for their publication
to have arrived. Here they are:
Resolutions of lion. ). L. Yudee,
Offered in 1867 as a Basis of a
State Government Under the BRe
construction Laws of Congress.
Resolved, That we accept as set-
tled principles in the policy of our
country,, the perpetual union of the
States, and the liberty and civil
equality of all citizens.
Lesorved, That as resulting from
the foregoing it is the plain duty of
every citizen to promote, by concilia-
tion and justice, a rating and pros-
perous union, and to respect and pro-
Wect the equal rights of' each other.
Resolved, That one of the highest
and most indispensable necessities of
civil society is good government, and
that it is proper for all good citizens,
in the existing emergency of the State
to unite for this object without regard
to antecedent or personal considera-
tions.
Resolved, That in view- of the re-
cent history of the country and its
present condition, the great duty of'
the day is conciliation, and the great
want of society is peace; and that-
sacrificing to our love of country all
our _prejudices, and burying all the
animosities engendered by our late
unhappy strife, and banishing all its
bitter mcmol ies, except for their use-
ful lesson of the dreadful consequen-
ces of civil discord, we will do all in
-our power to reconcile differences,
heal dissensions, and proriiote harmo-
ny between all thm people of ourm land.
csOved Tnat free government is
practicable and consi tent with civil
order and social progress' only in the


HOTEL ARRiVALS.
RIDDELL iiOUSE.-SAM'L T. ItrDDELL PROP.
Cant.,"Merrymnan, p _--- ar i- M I'F r'
Jacksonville, Ca M .i 1., ri a il. 1'ri.. l.
Lewis Lavis, Orangt inl I \l.., J.. -
sonville, W S Hartl, N Y, t Moore, Charles o1n,
Ca")t. Pe iheli I'; 1 .- I '..i Ca+. r, elin,
France, Geo. Ii.ii al.. 1 r., C, W H Brick-
More, Schr _ii, 1,.'I"h..I,,". L Howell, Wood-
stock, Geor *,111ill .1..i. -learns,' Mass., M
W Bond, do, N lReed, do, R Beers, Kceney,
Capt. N lgmestine, Gree-e, Capt DmnIig.e,
Havana, F R Payne, Fiorir?, J .. ,. p.r'.hn, l:-
van,,tli.1. i. ..ii %'i-. -i M.,, -, I rI"- r. ,.L, I. I .
SB -r.i' I\.tul.l'..r..iii ., rank D Heywarl
New York, tDr C J Kemnow(dr. hy, Charles S Ab-
ell, Baltim6re, D C Stewart, Nassau County.
NORWOOD IIOUSE.-J. 8; Mu-E Y, PosP'.S
M iss E lla ii,, .. ,. h ii --..,.. \w" 1 ... .... i -
sonville, J 3 1 .-, _. .I'. A ,'l, ir., I. I'... I.'.hi
E Gilliard, Ilri',Iii-,' ,. M .A ,In ..','. ,I-I'- .MI -
Allard, St. Augustine.'J Potler, Enterinise. R
Sawyer, Bostou, Dr. Adhims, Livernool, Miss
Moody, Cedar Key, Mr. and'Mirs. Turner2 chil-
dren with servant, New York. J A Holzendorf
and wife, Georgia, Isra Whieher, Woolville,N
H., B H Camp and wife, Bos on.


L IST OF LETTElS REMAINING UN-
CLAIMED in the Fetmandina POST-OF-
FICE, at noon.
ON THURl1 .\Y Y. III," ."-, 1 10,1874.
w i.To'0'ibtain, a,, '' i ,l rl-I ers, thie ap-
plicant must say !- I ., i...u '. i give the date of
this Wit.
N-If not called f.,i m I l, one. Month they
will be sent to the 1,,., L, t,.i Office.
Jr.. -, Frui'il;n P Ni .1;,.r-.n, J
L.,." r",. I" I, ,I B l-,I;. iiii-,:'i>."k >.'piii y
I i'l.'h <.>"l. I i' .axilon, -.il.. "
M2 'll. n. H .i-r ri,r t l.n[i ua
M l tI .- "TrL : ,j S W ll 0 1 .. J ,- ,hln
'a".l'li. i.on, Il-i.t
..AIAU% IN HI,
P,.'-t ln;-i'_Irr.


Oj


r-mm4


C)


0
ri~




0


0


1


W .











C!)


II
L


z
0
-a

z

CD
H
z


6


1-x









Cr)


0

hir


ject deserTig special attention and
effort, aind at we will unite in giv-
ing prom nce to the p licey of in-
dustridl rie .:il.
,'I llant one of the eh',nents
in the resto-titioii of values, ind of so-
cial activityCantd indui-.trial ,o-.
is popula-iwiL, un'd that v'e Invi? 2aI
who can better their o;dicio i by .
change of h'4mes, and especially the
people of ou1 sit-ter States, to come
with their strong arms, the r useful
skill, and thair accumulated wea.lth,
and casting their fortunes with u.-i,
partake of thf inviting attr',tio'!,- of
this section of' our C,)uantrv.

who come, t.,:,. l wc;,icmn", iM",
appreciation tccc'rding to their pe5-
sonal worth, full protection in the en-
joyment and expression of their opin-
ions, and in the security of their per-
sons and homes, and a friendly and.
just participation with us in 11 the
benefits and honors of, our local gov-
ernment. .
.' ,,, ',. -, a part of the
means of promoting thb6 interest of
moral and material progress, we will
advocate the completion of thle inter-
nal improvement system of the State
and all other cognate improvements,
and the liberal endowment of schools
and colleges; and that we will en-
courage investments in manufacturers,
and foster the commercial develop-
ment of our seaports.
Iesolmvld, That a a measure favor-
able to the policy of material develop-
ment we will favor the liberation of
the public lands of the State from the
existing lien upon some just basis ac-
ceptable to all .concerned, and their
appropriation lo the encouragement
of immigration and the support of
common schools.. .-.
Resolved, That the recovery of self-
government and the reign of law is an
object of first consideration to _the de-
pressed a il u .'ippy communities of
the South, and 'that we will, therefore,
as the best practical policy, conform.
to the terms of the late reconstruction
acts of Congress, aud in good faith,
regarding it as'a finality, proceed to
organize our governments in accord-
ance with the principles and require-
ments of its provisionL.
Resolved, That equality of all citi-
zens ii their civil rights and obliga-
tions is hereby frankly pledged as a
fundamental principle in the adjust-
nment of our government.


eei "', Ft"I F-AYr,.Y x, IJeceI(be' 11, )i71.
Ar/i'!Z lED.
i",P r.-._r o',, Vo el, ,.ickts 'r 'le

') "- ; L ,l I',. ia l e '. i, a'
.rl- P i '-,Fi }ea:d. a!? so" nv: lu
!'" -- Di. "rc", Vo-el ,. -. Chaie c:
10 L-- i.' .7.v,' '; i!:(c3f.,'O h
S A i
77,




'( ;--,-, "-. ; 8.,, S G" i-'t.' f.'n 0, M n4 a '.-
Tit





re-S mr F raonin Latler av, I'avis. Phiiia
i a'r" 7-SS'V;" .. I ., .., y..il
LL(- e7 I (s .l'l



7-5 8 V; a
7-S r i', 1', ..'1,l.1. I -. .i ville
9-Schrll Erriiia McfAdauiiMiurch,3Barbados
S9" Carrie A Bentley, Falkenbnrig,
Baltimore
9-Str 'r-; 1% P,.;nt, Fitzgerald, Charleston
10- Str I I. n-''r, Vogel, Jacksonville
10- Lizzie Baker,LaRose, Jaxcksonville

NR.F -, IVERTISEMENTS.


$25.00 REWARD !
i WI!,L ,\ '" T V'SY-1,IVE DOLLARS for
thi'' trii's'., .v ,- eu.:. i';t. of .hi e Inerson
'\-) !" I)'"1'"J'' .1' "*l]'' ') '; r! ( !w, ol ( in the
0~ 'W
,t ;,. 'I,. IA5VTEY.
.' -I .]*',*;*!i .:,. ;o ". 9, 1l 7tl.

N ORDINANCE
To anl'en, Section 1 of an Ordinance of the City
of F ,. .4,10s"'..r.,.j Rules rid Regula-
tions '. I,, .: ,irn t .., cho city, &c.,&c.,
E TIT '1DA1iNE) 1iY THE CITY COUNCIL
f lm:'iraidal, That Section 1 of the
i(tore'ail or'dinli 1c( b' amended so as to
read : "Be it ordained by the City Council of
Fetriiiidiia, That the annual Election ojAll
city officers is to be held I.glab--. l:"
,ors 0, t"ie W ia .-- -i' oncay 1 iii A p il
c r year, instead on thle first
Monday after the first day of January, as
heretofore."
This Ordinance to take efect on the appro-
vl! of the Mayor.
Passed Council, November 30. 1874.
Attest, N. L. GANO.
President of Council.'
GEORGE WASHINGTON,
City Clerk., .
Approved, December 1, 1874.
JOHN FRIEND,
Mayor.

ERNANDINA OYSTER HOUSE
SECOND STREET,
(opposite Hoscy's Drug Store,j
-0:-
ELLENWOOD & BLESS, Props.
;1- :0:-'-
Oysters served in every style, at all hours,
Inrin.h day and night.
e-'- Ce lar Key Oysters furnished for Hotels
and Private Houses by the quart.


LIVERY STABLES.


LIVERY, SALE and BOARDING
BT I :H


G. F. AYERY, pri.
Office ar Stables at the foot of
BROOME St.. FERNANDINA
(Near the Cuietom House.,"
AmuUSh,1872


FOi, 20 LA1z" TIlE
Standard of Excellence
THROUGHOUT THE WORLD.
OVJH IL 900,000 5OLID.
100,000 MORE THAN ANY OF ANY OTIIER
KIND.
T'lhe New Wlheeler & Wlson
RECER'IE1)n IN 1873: ,
The HIGITEST AWAIVDS at the VI'A-IeA EXPo-
I 810IN. a .. <
The GOLD MkDAI. of'I'rI TE MARYLAND Ixeri-
'TUTE FAII.
The FOU ItAIOII'ST' PiEilMIUS, (including
two me'ilals,) at GEORGIA STATE -VA'I'.
Best of all:.
The Wheeler and Wilson has the approval
of millions of Ladies who have used this well
tried machine. Physicians certil'y that it is
t1-e onlly Tioel-i4tlehtcl ewvlng
aIl('liinfe 1it for" l'anilly use. Its
;"*irht rid ea-y mOtion does not fatigue inva-
lids. Its rapid execution of work recommends
it to all who sew for a living. Tt- Is tihe
most econolal >eca.tllse, tlhe
most dtlurtrble.
Our new and popular No. 6 Machine adapted
for Leather work and general Manufacturing
purposes is. now >ied by the fading tailoring
establishments and shoe factories..
Send for our, circulars. Machines sold on
easy terms, or monthly payments taken. Old
machines put in order or received in ex-
(Ithe.-.
'AII I. E & WILSON MF'G CO'S OFFICE
A. K. PERC VAL, Agent
S Jacksonville, Fia.
WV. n. CLEVES, General /o-r\t


tz

C


C~


Cf~
H


AA

l,-*J


-wd


I


O'2f


0 I
t



LOUIS LAiNGE & CO.,

SADDLERS, HARNESS MAKERS, UPHOLSTERERS$
Mid dealers iL

BLACK WALNUT FUNITURE;-
TIHIRID STREET, 7ERNANDIYNA$, 1ZLA.


R. M. HEN)ERSON,
MANUFACTURING, FURNISHING AND COUNTY


and Dealer in Ui-idertahcer's Matecial,


S SECOND STREET, FERNANDINA. FLA.


NEW FATI,


GOODS!


Just received at the popular


DRY GOODS


i


J*


&


EMPORIUMj


T. KYDD.


A veery large shipment has just been received which will be sold iAt

THE VERY LOWEST PRICES.

large additions by every steamer, 'consisting of


New tr'ess Good,;i


?



;




a







?i



^


riD


C'.ODiD -:Siate a.d I(',)unly Scrip
SCRI.P1'. orr bal at Lbt-e i.ice of
SAM'L. A. SWANN


'N'eiv Blanket-,


New Dormestics t New Hosier
SNew Pelainos, New 8haw
New Cassimers "New Ta
New Alpacas, New
New Fall Prints, New
Sgew Flannels,
New Quilts, .. .
AT GlEAT BARGAINS

An elegant assortment of


r;,

bible ien,
Towels,


rew Chiton, Flanan**
Riw TTb4 Cotvrsn.


LADIES' TIES, SASHES, SASH RIBBONS,
In all the new Fall shades and colotings.

FANCY GOODS AND NOTIONS

i complete assortment.


3OO pieces of new and hahidsbme FALL PRINTS, at bottom prio.

latest Styles DREsS SOODs, at Popular Prices.
Special Bargains in Mien and Boys

OIJOD'jiI*TG AND TFWA T$S
(iENTS' FURNISHING GOODS,
New Styles, at greatly reduced prices.

BLEACHED and BROWN COTTON, -t New York Prim.


g iLai'ge Buyels',in search of cheap Dry qoods, are invited to i11l
and examine our prices before purchasing elsewhel're-
Orders by mail promptly attended to. I T .
J. & T. KYDD.

Wholesale and Retail at the Brick Store,
eCOlR- OEa TTm 3 s&a THiTItEI> ST mDTIS.


I.


cI


~.___-.... _I_ 1


''C

5'",


IN MEMORIAL.
Pastor's Study, 1 Presbyterian Church,
Fernandina, Dec. 6th, 1874.
WHEREAS, it hath seemed best to the
Gre't Head of the Church to call
away from earth our fellow laborer
and brother in j.hrist, Charles Henry
Allen, whom w esteemed greatly be,
cause of the priiinvit Christian gra-
ces which nrm!' teL his character
(for his fr'e-a rnv, humility, faith,
and patience w1'e conspicuous in his
daily walk); because of his wholesome
advise as he lhldI counsel with us in
this Session from time to time respect-
ing thle interests of our loved Zion to
which ho was devoted, and because
of the salutary influence which the
combination in 'his conduct of firm-
ness with gentleness, and of patiereo
with earnestness was so well adapted
to exert over all, but especially the
young, in the congregation over which
the Holy Ghost had made him a ruler,
therefore,
Be it resolved. 1st, That while vwe
meekly submit to the will of Him
who doeth all things well, yet with a
deep sense of our loss in his death of
a co-worker, brother, and friend aid
of the loss to the Church, his family,
and tlhe community, we lament that
he hath been l'.-mro'ved from us.
Resolved 2nd.l. Tlimat we herewith
extend our symi-iti. to the house-
hold sadly bereaved bfthis dispensa-
tion of Pr'.i.h.,-ie, and pray that
grace sufficient -may be given them
for this day of affliction; forbl with him
we know it is well.
Resolved 3rd. That these resolu-
tions be spread on the minutes of this
Session as a token of affectionate re-
membrance; that a copy be sent to
the family of the deceased, and that a
copy be. also furnished the Fernandi-
. da OBSERVER and the Southern P,'res-
'yterian with the request to publish
in their columns, .
By order of the Session.
WM; N. THOMPSON,
Clerk.


degree that communities are ad-
vanced in virtue and intelligence;
and; therefore, the education of all the
people is a proper subject of public
concern in .ll republics.
Resovold; That the object of civil
government is the security of life,
liberty and property; and that wise
a, d humane laws, a firm but impar.
tial administration of them, and a
prompt and cordial obedience to their
mandates, as interpreted and executed
by lawful officers, are indispensable
to the end, and concern all alike.'
Resolved, That the material prog-
ress of all communities depends upon
the useful and profitable emfiploymen(,
of their inhabitants; that steady and
useful Occupation is a social duty;
and that while every citizen is utinder
obligation to contribute by his indi-
vidual labor to the general productive
ability of society, it is also a proper
concern of society to provide, by a ju-
dicious and liberal promotion of pub-
lic improvements, the facilities neces-
sary to secure to industry its best re
suits.
Resolved, That the prostrate condi-
tion of the State renders the resusci-
tation of its material interests ani ob.


NOTICE TO TAX-PAYERS.
CITY TAX-COLLECTOW'S OFFICE,
Fernandina, Nov. 14, 1874.
A LL PROPERTY HOLDERS OF THE
City of Fernandina are hiereby notified
that on and after Monday, November 16ith, I
will be at the City Council Rooms, on Centre
Street, at the usual business hours, to collect
thie taxes assessed for city purposes for the
veru' 1871.
TURNER DURING,
City Tax-Collector.


hi

0

cj~

0

&
Cr)


I _


I


/


!&-* *W .'- .**


SHIIPiNi- INTELLIGENCE.


8-0.


~C~)


'^ ^LJ J[_ A M?&