Front Cover
 Title Page
 Aunt Louisa's alphabet
 My dog Tray
 Miss Rich and Little Hungry
 The book of animals
 Back Cover

Group Title: Aunt Louisa's nursery book : comprising: Aunt Louisa's alphabet, My dog Tray, Miss Rich and Little Hungry, The book of animals
Title: Aunt Louisa's nursery book
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00054279/00001
 Material Information
Title: Aunt Louisa's nursery book comprising: Aunt Louisa's alphabet, My dog Tray, Miss Rich and Little Hungry, The book of animals
Alternate Title: Aunt Louisa's alphabet
My dog Tray
Miss Rich and Little Hungry
Book of animals
Physical Description: 1 v. (various pagings) : col. ill. ; 27 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Valentine, L ( Laura ), d. 1899
Kronheim, Joseph Martin, 1810-1896 ( Printer of plates )
Frederick Warne and Co ( Publisher )
Publisher: Frederick Warne and Co.
Place of Publication: London ;
New York
Publication Date: [1885?]
Subject: Animals -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Human-animal relationships -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Poverty -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Social classes -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Natural history -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Children -- Conduct of life -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Conduct of life -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Children's poetry   ( lcsh )
Alphabet books -- 1885   ( rbgenr )
Children's poetry -- 1885   ( lcsh )
Bldn -- 1885
Genre: Alphabet books   ( rbgenr )
Children's poetry   ( lcsh )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
United States -- New York -- New York
Statement of Responsibility: with twenty-four pages of illustrations printed in colours by Kronheim.
General Note: Date of publication from inscription.
General Note: Contains non-fiction prose and verse.
Funding: Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00054279
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002222691
notis - ALG2937
oclc - 65190062

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Cover 1
        Cover 2
    Title Page
        Page i
        Page ii
    Aunt Louisa's alphabet
        Unnumbered ( 6 )
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    My dog Tray
        Poem 1
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Miss Rich and Little Hungry
        Poem 1
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    The book of animals
        Unnumbered ( 41 )
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Back Cover
        Cover 1
        Cover 2
Full Text


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O NCE more the Publishers offer an Aunt Louisa" Toy Book
to their Little Friends in the Nursery. A new A alphabet
will be found a pleasant variety from the well-known ones. My
Dog Tray"-founded on a real and recent instance of canine
sagacity will give them fresh cause to love our household pet and
faithful friend, the Dog. Miss Rick and Little Hungry will,
they trust, teack lessons of thankfulness for blessings possessed, and
of pity for the Poor; and The Book of Animals" will delight,
by its pictures and descriptions, the boys who love Natural History,
even in their Nursery days.
It is holed that the givers of this Volume may find their gift
as acceptable to the Little Ones as Aunt Louisa's former Toy
Books have been.


Bell, Boat,
Anchor, Alphabet Bottles, Barrel,
Arrow, Book, Beetroot, Broom,
Antlers, Ark, Barley, Boot,
Awl, Apples, Bit, Bread,
A A. B.., Bellows, Basket,
Axe Al Basin, Ball,
Album. Bat.

Clock, Cradle, Door, 'Doll,
Curtain, Can, Dagger, Drum,
C, Dish, Drumsticks,
Cag, Chad, Dumb-Bells, Dresser,
Cat, Chair, Dice, Drawers,
Cane. Decanter, Dustpan.

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Fan, Fork,
Eye-Glass, Egg, Feather, Flask,
Europe, Ewer, Fire-Place, File,
Easel, Envelope, Frying-Pan, Flag,
Elephant, Engine, Fish, Form,
Fender, Funnel,
Egg Cup, England. -Fende,

Hat, Hoop,
Goat, Grater, Horn, Harp,
Globe, Glue Pot, Horseshoe, Hour Glass,
Gas Jet, Glove, Hammer, Hamper,
Gun, Gimlet, Ham, Hobby
Goblet, grammar Handle, Horse,
Goblet, Grammar. Hoo


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Inn, Jam, Kennel, Knife,
Ivy, Jew's-Harp, Knot, Key,
Ice, Jar, Kite, Kings (Cards),
Ink-Pot, Jug, Kettle, Knight (Chess),
Jelly. King (Chess).

Ladder, Lantern, Music Book, Mug,
Lion, Lemon, Mallet, Measure,
Mask, Mouse
Lamp, Looking- Mask Mouse
Magic Trap,
Ladle, Glass, M c
Lantern, Money,
Lock, Locket.Mathes.
M atches.

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Needle, Nibs,
Neele, Ni, Oar, Opera Glass,
Necklace, Nail,
Net Nest, nions, Oysters,
Net. Nest,
Night Light, Nuts, Oven, Oranges,
Nine Pins, Nutcrackers. Oats.

Pepper, Pudding, STANDS FOR
Palette, Pencil,
Plates, Pipe, Queen, Quoits,
Pill Box, Poker, Quiver, Quill,
Pie, Pail, .
Pinc Pitch Quart, Quires.
Pincushion, Pitcher.

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Rope, Rocking Sea Gulls, Shell,
Rings, Horse, Sun, Saw,
Sea, Spade,
Rake, Rule,
Rael, Roue, Ship, Scissors,
Reel, Rose, Steamer, Slate,
Rug, Rattle. Sand, Spectacles.

Trumpet, Table, STANDS FOR
Tub, Table Cloth,
Teapot, Tongs, Unicorn, Urn,
Tray, Top, Union Jack, Umbrella.
Tumbler, Thimble.

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STANDS FOR Wind Mill, Walking
Well, Stick,
Venetian Van, Wine Glass, Whip,
Blind, V. Watering Whistle,
Bl, Violn' Can, Watch,
Vase, Violets. Wheel- Watch Key,
barrow, Windlass.

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STANDS FOR Yacht, Zig-zag,
Xmas Tree. Yule Log. Zebra,



TWICE every week a poor, thin man, He thought her honest-but, alas I
Holding his little daughter's hand, Most sadly was poor Bruce deceived;
Walked feebly to a hospital, She kept herself the orphan's gold,
Close by the busy London Strand. That as a trust she had received.

He hoped the clever doctors there She dressed poor little Nell in rags,
In time would make him strong and well, All her good, decent clothes she sold;
That he might go to work again, She scarcely gave her daily bread,
And live to care for little Nell. And kept her shivering in the cold.

Beside wee Nell, her faithful friend, For in an empty loft she slept,
Good old dog Tray was always seen, A ragged blanket all her bed;
Never a day apart the pair And there till sleep her sorrow hushed,
Since Nelly's babyhood had been. Poor Nelly's nightly tears were shed.

But all the doctors' skill was vain, But ever crouching at her side,
Poor William Bruce soon passed away, With pitying love lay faithful Tray;
Leaving his little orphan child He nestled up to keep her warm,
Without a friend-save poor dog Tray. And licked her bitter tears away.

The little money he had saved And Nelly shared with him her crusts,
He left to his landlady's care, And both were hungry and forlorn;
That Nelly, till she older grew, While many a kick and cruel blow
The woman's humble home might share. Most patiently by Tray were borne.


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At last the cruel woman said He found Tray had a broken leg,
She had no bones to throw away; And set and bound it up so well,
She could not keep a useless cur, That Tray, delighted and relieved,
She really must drive off old Tray. Sought all his gratitude to tell.

And, with a broomstick in her hand, He wagged his tail and loudly barked,
She hunted the poor dog about, And licked the surgeon's kindly hand;
Until, with many a cruel blow, He tried to make his human friend
From his old home she drove him out. His thanks and joy thus understand.

Limping and howling forth he went, "Oh, turn him out I" the doctors cry,
While Nelly, with a breaking heart, The sleeping patients he will wake;
With agonizing sobs and cries, We cannot have their rest disturbed,
Beheld her only friend depart. By letting him this hubbub make."

n te h l t The porter then put poor Tray out,
Within the hospital that day,
Th. But gave him, when they reached the
The porter with amazement saw
A dog appear, who limped along, tee,
A mutton bone, well covered yet,
Holding well up an injured paw. That Tray was very glad to eat.
That Tray was very glad to eat.

Straight to the doctors' room he went, Now in the streets the dog must live;
Jumped on a chair, held up his leg, But far from Nell he would not stray,
And seemed by a beseeching whine He howled about her home all night,
Their kindly aid and skill to beg. And lingered near it all the day.

Laughing, the kind house-surgeon said, Poor Nelly in her dismal loft,
"A stranger patient I ne'er saw; That mournful sound in sleep would hear,
Well, let us see what we can do,- And smiles would play upon her lips,
Old fellow, let me hold you paw." Because in dreams her friend was near.


The landlady, who could not sleep At length the hospital they reach,
For Tray's loud howling, angry grew; Where Tray before found kindly aid,
Her guilty conscience he awoke, And Nelly is dragged quickly in,
And now no peace or rest she knew. Though trembling now and much afraid.

At length one morning, in her wrath, He drew her to the doctors' room,
She gave poor Nell a cruel blow, And straight up to his former friend;
And bade her join that yelping cur, With wistful eyes and bark that asks,
And with him, begging, henceforth go. ill you to this poor child attend ?"

The child fled screaming to the street,Why, what is it" the surgeon cries;
Why, what is it? the surgeon cries;
Where Tray in ambush always lay; "Another patient do you bring?
He leaped upon her with delight, A child, too-speak, poor little one,
But Nelly pushed her friend away. Can we for you do anything?"
Can we for you do anything ?

"Oh, Tray she said, you hurt my arm,"
-The arm she struck "Oh, how it Then Nelly, sobbing, shows her arm.
aches." "'Tis broken !" all the doctors say.
And in her little trembling hand They set it, and then call a nurse-
The fallen arm she shrinking takes. For Nelly in the house must stay.

Tray at his little mistress looks, Soon in a snowy little bed
With thoughtful eyes and wagging tail; The suffering child is snugly laid.
Then seems as if he understood Ah I what a change from the bare loft,
Why Nelly screamed and looked so pale. Where in the dark and cold she stayed.

With a loud bark he seizes then And dainty food is to her brought;
The little maiden's ragged gown, While gentle words and tender smiles
And pulls her rapidly along, Soothe the slow hours of burning pain,
Down to the busy crowded town. And pity half her grief beguiles.





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Yet the nurse sees an anxious look "What's the child's name?" the doctor
In the wide eyes of loveliest blue, asked.
And asks what troubles Nelly still- Eleanor Bruce," the nurse replied;
What more for her they all can do. Her father was a patient here
For many months before he died."
"Oh! please," said Nelly, "do not think
I am not happy-you're too good; Bruce? Yes, I well remember him,
I never was in such a room, He told me of a little store
I never tasted such nice food. lie had laid by for this poor child,
'Twas thirty pounds, I think, or more.
Only--I do so want to know
What has become of old dog Tray, The dog has saved poor Nelly's life,
Who brought me here-my only friend- And brought to light a cruel wrong;
Where is he gone ?-oh, tell me, pray." What wondrous instincts, God's great gift,
To His dumb creatures do belong."

My darling," said the smiling nurse, When Nelly's broken arm washealed,
When Nelly's broken arm was healed,
Your clever dog is safe and well; .
Your clever dog is safe and well; The doctor took her to his home;
The doctor who lives in the house
He could not let the helpless child
Has found a place where Tray may dwell." About the streets of London roam.

Then Nelly gently fell asleep, The housekeeper the child attends,
And from that moment better grew; And Tray with wild joy greets her there;
And soon the nurse-her tender friend- Once more he watches at her side-
The hapless orphan's story knew. They are a glad and happy pair.

Indignant at such cruelty, The cruel landlady one day
The nurse the kindly surgeon seeks, Was sitting by her fireside,
And of poor Nellie's hapless lot Rejoiced that she had gained the gold,
With warm, indignant pity speaks. Meant for poor Nelly to provide.




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When open flew the kitchen door, The wicked woman's heart was touched
And in a tall policeman came, By the sweet pity of the child;
And laid his hand upon her arm, Repentant tears ran down her cheeks,
And gruffly called her by her name. As Nelly's words fell soft and mild.

Behind him, then, the woman saw They left her to her grief and shame;
The child whom she had dri-ver away, No more will little Nelly stay
And near, a stately stranger stood, .,Within her power to harm or kill-
While at her growled the old dog Tray. She goes with her new friends away.

They charged her with her cruel theft, The surgeon's mother heard the tale-
Her guilt she angrily denied'; A very strange and touching one-
Till the tall stranger, stern and grave, Of how the dog, with instinct strange,
With solemn voice and words replied, Had sought the succour of her son.

Her father told me he had saved, And how po r Nelly he had brought
And given his gold to you, his friend, To ask for her the same kind aid;
To keep his little, helpless child, And how a kicked d woman's sin
And on her wants the sum to spend. Had been by this same act betrayed.

"But you have kept that hard won sum, And, dwelling in her home alone,
And driven his orphan out to die; She asked her son the child to send
Say, what does such a crime deserve?"- To dwell with her and chccr her age,
The guilty soul cannot reply. By being a merry little friend.

They made her give up all that's left, She wished, too, that the dog should come,
They would have sent her off to jail; And in her house with Nelly dwell;
But Nelly's voice for pardon prayed, A trusty guardian for them both,
And Nelly's tears and prayers prevail. Certain to do his duty well.


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And thus through Tray's strange cleverness Together o'er the pastures green,
The pair a country home have found, Nelly and Tray delighted run,
Where all things dogs and children love Chasing the yellow butterflies
About them everywhere abound. That flutter in the summer sun.

Meadows all golden in the sun, Or resting by the singing brook,
With buttercups of golden sheen, Sit side by side amidst the flowers;
And daisies, with their silver eyes, Two quiet happy playfellows
On every side by them are seen. All through the sunny noontide hours.

Tall trees that give a pleasant shade, And Nelly thinks, How good is God,
And birds that in the branches sing; Who made this lovely summer day,
Sweet apple blossoms, pink and white, And gave me for my own dear pet,
The orchard trees around them fling. As friend and guard, MY OLD DOG TRAY."

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I MUST tell you a tale about money, She went into shops to buy sweeties;
And two little girls who had none; She went into shops just for play;
Although it's an every day story- There was not a happier couple
No novelty under the sun. Then Blanche and her dolly that day.

The first one-I think you must know her- There crouched into one of those corners
She lives very likely next door; Where winter winds play hide-and-seek,
And the second-you've certainly met her A child who seemed waiting for courage
A hundred times, maybe, or more. Or waiting for power to speak.

But listen, and see if you know them Her face was so thin and so frozen,
As well as they ought to be known; Her lips were so blue with the cold,
And if any part of my story That whatever her pitiful story,
Sounds just like a part of your own. It seemed it could hardly be told.

Miss Rich once went out for an airing Sometimes as the ladies swept by her
On a bitterly cold winter day; She held out one little stiff hand,
And many a one smiled upon her, And pleadingly looked in their faces,
As she carried her dolly so gay. For surely they must understand.

Her face was so round and so rosy, And, then, as they passed her unheeding,
People said as they passed one by one, And floated away gay and sweet,
"She looks like a dear little bundle, She patiently waited and shivered-
A bundle of comfort and fun I" And looked up and looked down the street.


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But when she saw Blanche and her dolly, "And there, perhaps, some blessed lady,
Her deep sunken, hunger-worn eyes Or gentleman, kindly and good
Couldn't leave her again for a moment, Might pity the poor little beggar-
And even grew bright with surprise. My mother said, maybe they would.

And Blanche, every bit as astonished, "Oh, Miss, please to give me a penny;
Stopped short where she was in the street; Dear lady-to buy me some bread,
And stood there and gazed at the beggar- For mother can't work as she used to,
Her rags and her bare head and feet. And father has long since been dead."

And while other people strode onward, Poor girl I would give you a penny;
And the wind whistled carelessly by; I had two whole shillings to-day,
Blanche listened and heard little Hungry But the things that I liked were so
Break forth with her pitiful cry. many,
I've paid all my money away.
"A penny, oh please, Miss, a penny I
Sweet lady, oh please give me one- 1 wanted a hat for my dolly,
I am so cold and tired and hungry And little red shoes for her feet;
And the day is now nearly done." By that time, you know, we were hungry
And had to get something to eat.
"Poor girl," Blanche asked, why are you
ragged ? "And then, after all, I ate nothing,
And why do you stand here and beg? But two little pieces of cake;
And why don't you wear a warm stocking For the icing they put on the last one
To cover your bare little leg ?" Made this little wicked tooth ache.

"Oh lady, because we've no money, "So, poor little girl, I have nothing-
And scarcely a morsel to eat; My very last shilling I've spent,
And mother says since we are starving, If I had one left you should have it."
We may as well starve in the street. Then onward she smilingly went.


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Miss Rich then went home to her dinner, "My dear," said her mother, "what non-
And failed not to chatter to nurse, sense;
Of all they had seen in the morning, Why, what makes you talk of such things?
And how she had emptied her purse. But what has become of our dinner?
Blanche, give the bell two or three rings."
Nurse took off her cuffs and her tippet,
And put them both down on the bed, Miss Rich rang the bell, and the servant
And carefully lifted the bonnet Flung open the dining-room door,
That covered her gay little head. And the room seemed to glitter with comfort
As it never had glittered before.
"Now go down," she said, "to the parlour,
Mamma is there waiting for you; The firelight danced up the chimney,
I know who'll have turkey for dinner, The gas-lights burned clear overhead;
And custard and apple-pie, too." The dinner for two spread, seemed really
Enough for a dozen instead.
Miss Rich then went down to the parlour,
And gave her mamma a good hug; You'd hardly have thought it was winter,
And then she stood still by the fire-place, The room was so cheerful and warm,
Her feet on the soft velvet rug. Within all was shining and cheery,
Without was a wild, winter storm.
The bright fire was blazing and crackling,
And Blanche warmed each fat little hand, So gravely Miss Rich ate her turkey,
And thought about beggars and candy,- And gravely took pieces of bread;
Things, wiser heads don't understand. She scarcely could relish her dinner,
With so many thoughts in her head.
" Mamma," she said, gravely, when
people She looked at the gay crackling fire,
Have nothing to wear or to eat, At mamma's dress of rich silken stuff,
Why do you suppose they like better And thought of that poor beggar's basket-
To come out and die in the street ?" Her plate, where was more than enough.


She tasted the pie and the custards, "What nonsense you talk" said her mother,
And wondered, and wondered, and As foolish as foolish can be.
thought, Go read your new story-books, darling,
Till the footman again cleared the table, Or play with your dolly till tea.
And almonds and raisins were brought.
These beggars you talk of are naughty;
Mamma, why don't people get money, They're children for whom no one cares;
And not be so dreadfully poor? They won't wash their clothes or their faces.
And I daresay not one says her prayers."
And buy themselves bonnets and stockings, r
'Twould be a good plan, I am sure."
And then, were they pretty and cleaner,
And if they had dresses and lace,
" Indeed," said mamma, "I can't tell you; And said their prayers, too, God would love
Just hand me a nut-cracker, dear; them ?"
If people will choose to be wicked, Said Blanche, with her serious face.
Why, then, they must suffer, I fear."
"Why, yes-I don't know-I suppose so;
" Oh are all the poor people wicked ? Dear me, what strange things children say!
Said Blanche, with her wide open eyes; You can talk of such things when you're
" Mamma, would my poor little beggar older,
Be better for turkey and pies ?" Now, darling, run off to your play."
Blanche went and sat down on the hearth-rug
And pray who is your little beggar ? And tried on her dolly's new hat;
And where have you been all the day? But for waiting till she was much older-
And could nurse find nothing more pleasant Her thoughts would not hear about that.
Than beggars to see in your way ?"
"Yes, mamma, we saw many people, PART II.
es, mamma, we saw many people, Little Hungry crept round the corner,
Dressed out just as fine as could be; And trotted away down the street,
Would dress make my child a good beggar ? In one little summer-thin garment,
I should like to try that-just to see." With two little icy cold feet.


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Then seated herself on a doorstep, Another day came in its brightness,
And opened her basket and store, The world looked all glad as before,
And brought out two crusts dry and mouldy, And Blanche gaily tripped down the stair-
Little Hungry could find nothing more. case,
And opened the heavy street door.
So mouldy you would not have touched
them; Then turned down the very next crossing,
So dry it was all she could do, And marched off the very same way,
Though her teeth were well sharpened by And eagerly looked for her beggar-
hunger, For Blanche had a great deal to say.
To bite the hard bits through and through.

And presently, where the green ivy
And there she sat munching her dinner, r r
Wih p l t s so n ; Climbs lovingly up the church walls,
With plentiful tables so nigh;
Where church goers weekly come thronging,
Fresh loaves in plain sight at the baker's,
SWhen bells sound their musical calls,
The smell of roast beef floating by.

A lady in green and in purple She found little Hungry, just standing,
Passed by in her elegant dress, Her face on the iron rails pressed,
She was loaded with all sorts of blessings, And fingers thrust through, vainly striving
But she never attempted to bless. To pull one green leaf from the rest.

The gentleman clothed well and warmly, Now, Blanche was not learned in lectures,
Never stopped by the way to enquire Nor knew much of giving advice;
If the beggar child lived in a cellar, So the minute she saw little Hungry,
And if she had food and a fire. She poured out her thoughts in a trice.

And who shall describe the dark alley Poor girl, it's because you are naughty,
Our poor little Hungry dwelt in, That you have so little to eat;
That byway of dirt and of sorrow, If you were a good little beggar,
Of poverty, suffering, and sin ? You never need stay in the street.




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"But then you must always remember And in spite of the dark, noisy alley,
To say your prayers twice every day; In spite of the dull, aching head,
You can ask for just what you wish for, Though without any fire or supper,
God hears every word that you say." Little Hungry went happy to bed.

Little Hungry listened and wondered, She did not kneel down on the hearth-rug;
With face that said, Is it all true?" No carpet nor hearth-rug was there;
And when Miss Rich spoke about praying, The boards were all dirty and broken
Her thin blue lips uttered, Do you ? Where she knelt to say her short prayer.

"Why, yes!" said Miss Rich; "what a But the words went as straight up to
question! heaven,
Of course I do, morning and night, And God was as ready to hear,
Before I go down to my breakfast, And the little child wearily rested,
And before nurse has put out the light." For Jesus seem'd there, very near.

" I don't know any pray'rs," said the beggar, Though she was a poor little beggar,
Looking up with her pitiful eyes ; So ragged, so helpless, so small;
" You see I live down in the alley, Yet Jesus remembered and loved her,
And God's away up in the skies." And Jesus is King over all,

" But God can look down on the alley, She crept to her place in the corner,
And hear just as well all you say; And lay on the hard wooden floor,
I only say just 'Our Father,' The wind stirred her hair and her tatters,
And 'for Jesus' sake,'-that's how I pray." Roaming in through the old broken door.

Miss Rich turned away with her dolly, She thought of her Father in heaven,
The sunshine dropped down in the west, "Our Father "-the words came so sweet!
And everything bright on the pathway Then breathed out the dear name of Jesus,
Went off to its home and its rest. And fell fast asleep at His feet I




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THE Cat is the children's pet, THIS great cat is found in the
and they love her little kittens. hot parts of South America. It
She is very useful in keeping down can swim and climb, and eats not
rats and mice, that would be very only large animals but birds and
troublesome if she did not hunt fish. It does not often attack men.
and kill them. Pussy is a good It is called sometimes the tiger of
mother and a very clever animal. the New World.

WHO could think that the Lion THE Tiger is the most terrible of
is a cat? But it is, and a very all the wild cats. It is cruel and
large, fierce one. It lives in Africa savage, very strong and swift, and
and other hot countries in the takes great bounds. It lives in the
forests where its terrible roar is jungles, that is, the woods of India,
heard at night; but it can be and in other parts of Asia. It can
tamed, and is then affectionate and ary off a man in its great mouth.

THE Leopard is also a cat. It THis animal is very savage,
lives in the forests or jungles of though it is not so much to be
India, Africa, Persia and China. feared as the tiger, for it prefers
It can climb trees and often springs eating beasts to eating men. It
upon its prey from their branches, lives chiefly in Africa. It springs
It is a fierce and savage animal. on its prey from its hiding place in
Its skin is very valuable, the woods as the tiger does.

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THE Dog is the faithful and EVERY child knows the pretty
loving friend of man. It is a Cow that gives him or her nice
very clever animal, and seems to fresh milk, cream, and butter. It
understand all we say to it. It is one of the most useful animals
guards the house; watches over We eat
.that God has given us. We eat
our safety, swims to save people
ur safy, swis to sae p le its flesh as beef; its horns make
from drowning, and is always
trying to be kind, useful, and cups; its skin,leather
THE Wolf is a cruel, savage THIS animal lives in the most
animal, though it looks so like a northern parts of America. It is
dog, and is indeed a kind of rela- called "Musk Ox" because its
tion to him. It lives in the forests flesh smells of musk; but it is good
of Russia, and most other Euro- .
to eat. These oxen live in herds
pean countries. Once there were
wolves in this country, but they or flocs of twenty or thirty to-
have all been killed. gether.

E JAC AL. The Buffalo is a kind of ox found
THIS animal has been called the -
Sanimal has been called the ild in India. It likes moist places
" lion's provider," because when the and stands fr hours at a time in
. and stands for hours at a time in
lion hears the noise of a pack of
ackals hunting deer, &c., he shallow waters. It is used for draw-
jackals hunting deer, &c., he
follows them; and eats their prey ing carts. The American buffalo or
leaving them only the remains, bison, is a much fiercer animal with
It lives in India and other parts of a great head and mane. It lives
Asia, and in South Africa. in herds on the prairies.


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THE Donkey is well known to THE Zebra lives on the plains of
the little ones, who have often en- South Africa, beyond the Orange
joyed riding on it at the seaside. River. Zebras keep together in
It is a useful animal, patient anderds, and if they are attacked by
strong and content with poor food. a l o they pu al tei
Thi n ,1 Ih dka lion or men they put all their
good for sickly, weak people. The heads together in a circle and kick
good for sickly, weak people. The
largest and best donkeys live in at the enemy with their strong
Spain. hoofs.
THIS noble animal is as much THE Giraffe's long neck is meant
the friend of man as the dog, and for him to reach his food, for he
is quite as clever as he is. Horses eats the leaves of very high trees,
came at first from the east, the best especially the acacia. He has a
from Arabia; now they are in all long tongue and can draw down
lands, and in America, where the the branches with it. A blow from
Spaniards took them, they run wild its horns is very dangerous.
in herds.

THE Nylghau is one of the largest THIS great deer likes cold coun-
of antelopes. It is found in the tries best, so he lives in the north
thick forests of India, and is very of America, Asia and Europe. He
strong and fleet when in flight. It is gentle, but fierce and brave if
used to be much hunted there by attacked by hunters. His flesh is
the Indian emperors. It feeds on like beef. The Elk has a very short
grass and vegetables. Its flesh is neck so he manages to eat from
coarse venison. sloping banks and sides of hills.

THE Goat, tame and useful, or THE Pig is well known to us all.
wild on the hills, is to be found in He is a useful animal and rather
every land. Its milk is sweet and clever; he can be taught tricks;
nourishing, and good for invalids. but he is a greedy creature, and
Its skin is made into morocco will eat almost anything. His flesh
leather, and its kid's skin is so soft makes bacon and hams, and his
that it is used for gloves, skin saddles his bristles also are

THELynx lives in the cold parts THIS immense animal, called also
THE Lynx lives in the cold parts .
the river-horse, is found in the
of Asia, America, and Europe, in riverors is fu i
rivers of Africa. It walks about
forests, where it feeds on hares,
Sat the bottom of the water, lifting
deer, birds, and sometimes even its head out now and then to
its head out now and then to
fish, if a stream is near. It is a breathe. By night it comes on
sullen, cowardly beast, but it has a shore, and eats the grass and grain,
beautiful skin with long glossy fur. if it can find any.

THIS animal is not a very nice THE Fox lives in most countries.
one. It lives in caves and rocky He makes a house for himself in
places, and comes out at night to the earth, or sometimes turns the
feed on the remains of dead badger out of his hole, and takes
animals, or anything it can get. It that; for he is very strong and very
will, if it can, carry off and eat little cunning. He likes best to live
children, but it only attacks men to near a farm, so that he may steal
defend itself, the poultry.

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THIS animal is a great wild pig, THIS Great White bear, clothed
very fierce and bold, with terrible in thick fur, lives in the coldest part
tusks, which rip up his foes. of the world, on the ice and among
He lives in thick woods and is the snows of the polar lands and
often hunted. He hides by day, seas. He feeds on seals, fish or
but comes out at night to feed in dead whale, which he finds on the
the grain fields, where he does ice, or on hares and birds when on
great mischief shore.
THE Bear lives in Europe and THECamel is a most useful ani-
Asia, on the mountains, or in theo wi t w r
mal. He can go without water and
colder parts. He feeds on vege-
tables or small animals and is fond food for several days, and when he
of honey. e makes his den in does eat he likes thistles and sharp
of honey. Hie makes his den in
caves or hollow trees, and stays in vegetation better than grass; so he
it all the winter with very little food is used in the great deserts, where
and often asleep, water and grass are scarcely to be
THIS great animal lives in Asia
and Africa only. He is very sensi- THE fore legs of the sloth are
ble and clever, can be tamed and twice the length of his hind legs,
made useful for drawing heavy so he cannot easily walk or stand;
weights, and grows fond of his but he was made to live on trees,
keeper. He is also ridden on tiger and he hangs on their branches day
hunts. He feeds on grain and and night. He climbs fast but
other vegetables, and lives in otherwise moves very slowly. He
troops in the jungle, lives on green food.

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THIS animal lives in South THE pretty little squirrel lives in
America. It is covered with a trees, and in summer lays up quite
thick shell like a suit of armour a store of nuts and acorns against
that no wild beast's teeth can break. the winter. It makes its nest in
It burrows, and hunters are often a hollow tree or between the
obliged to smoke it out of its hole. branches of a tree. It runs very
Then it rolls itself up like a hedge- fast and jumps from tree to tree if
hog. It eats fruit and vegetables, pursued.

THE ape has four hands, and
THIS animal lives in the forests ,
t very clever those hands are. He
of Asia; his cousin, with two horns, v c t h .
t o can climb easily with them and
in Africa. He feeds only on vege- an ees He can walk
hang on to trees. He can walk
tables and loves to bath in rivers. e can m i
n. almost upright. The ape can mimic
and lakes. It moves slowly and is nearly everything he sees done. He
nearly everything he sees done. He
of a quiet temper, but when attacked lives on fruit and insects in the
u iu lives on fruit and insects in the
uses its horn dangerouslyforests of Africa and India.

THIS animal is covered all over THE OTTER.
with sharp quills. It lives in Africa THIS animal lives in the water,
and India and some parts of Europe. but when it has caught a fish it
When it is attacked it rolls itself comes on shore to eat it. It can
up and cannot be touched easily be tamed and taught to catch fish
on account of its quills. It makes for its master. It is often hunted;
its home under ground and feeds its flesh is of no use and its skin is
on roots, fruit and vegetables, valuable.


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