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Title: Summary of flowering bedding plant trials
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00054205/00009
 Material Information
Title: Summary of flowering bedding plant trials
Series Title: Bradenton GCREC research report
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Gulf Coast Research and Education Center (Bradenton, Fla.)
University of Florida -- Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Publisher: University of Florida.
Place of Publication: Bradenton Florida
Publication Date: Spring 1996
Copyright Date: 1996
Frequency: irregular
completely irregular
 Subjects
Subject: Bedding plants -- Varieties -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Bedding plants -- Field experiments -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Spring 1994-
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Winter 1997-1998.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00054205
Volume ID: VID00009
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 62677465
lccn - 2005229094

Table of Contents
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    Back Cover
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Full Text



%--'t- UNIVERSITY OF
SFLORIDA
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


Gulf Coast Research and Education Center
5007 60th Street East, Bradenton, FL 34203
GCREC-Bradenton Research Report BRA-1996-16


SUMMARY OF FLOWERING BEDDING PLANT
TRIALS, SPRING 1996


T. K. Howe and W. E. Waters








GCREC Research Report BRA1996-16


SUMMARY OF FLOWERING BEDDING PLANT TRIALS SPRING 1996

T. K. Howe and W. E. Waters'
Gulf Coast Research and Education Center
University of Florida, IFAS
5007 60th St. East
Bradenton, FL 34203


The performance of flowering bedding plant cultivars in demonstration plots has been evaluated two
to three times a year at the Gulf Coast Research and Education Center in Bradenton, FL since 1982.
In the spring (March June) season of 1996, 356 entries from 24 genera, supplied by 14 companies,
were examined in unreplicated nine-plant plots. This trial allowed the variety trials coordinator, along
with interested growers, seed companies, landscapers, breeders, and extension service master
gardeners to view new releases from commercial breeders and to make preliminary assessments of
cultivar suitability for use in central Florida.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Seeds were sown in a peat:vermiculite medium (see below) and germinated under environmental
conditions as required for each species. Seedlings were transplanted to Todd() planter flats (1.5 x
1.5 x 2.5 inch cells, model 128) filled with peat:vermiculite medium (1:l,v:v) amended with dolomite,
super-phosphate, and hydrated lime at 11.3, 5.6, and 2.8 lb/cu yd, respectively. Additionally,
Gliocladium virens GL-21 was blended into the medium at the rate of 1.1 lb/ 0.9 cu yd to control
damping-off and root rot pathogens. Plants were fertilized with soluble 20-20-20 (rates and times
varied with the species) after the appearance of the first true leaf. Plants were not given plant growth
regulators.

Beds of EauGallie fine sand were raised and formed, with NutricoteR) 14-14-14 (180 day release)
slow release fertilizer broadcast across the width of the bed at a rate of 83 lb/1000 sq ft which was
incorporated three to four inches, fumigated (methyl bromide: chloropicrin, 66:33) and covered with
white on black polyethylene film. Finished beds were 2.7 ft wide and 8 inches high on 5 ft centers.
Irrigation water was supplied by subsurface seepage from lateral ditches spaced every 42 ft.

Transplants were taken to the field when roots were well developed and filled the containerized cells
of the planter flats. Transplants, based on estimated mature dimensions, were placed in beds on 12
inch centers in three rows across each bed with nine plants per plot (staggered layout), or on 9 inch
centers in three rows across the bed with nine plants per plot. Plants were grown in full sun. Dates
for sowing and field planting are included in the trial summary table.


'Variety Trials Coordinator and Center Director, respectively.


August










Pesticides were used preventively or on demand for lepidopterous larvae, thrips, leafminers, spider
mites, silverleaf whiteflies, bacterial and fungal pathogens. Rhizoctonia spp and Fusarium spp
infections were identified in some species during the course of the field trial, while Alternaria spp was
suspected but not quantified. Thrips were the most damaging insect, especially to impatiens.

This flower trial emphasized the performance of cultivars in ground beds. No manipulation of the
plants such as the application of growth retardants, pinching of the apical buds, or detaching the old
flowers occurred. A complete listing of companies which contributed seed and the designation of
each company as referenced to in the summary table are found in Table 1.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

Temperature and rainfall conditions for the spring of 1996 as compared to the 42-year averages
appear in Table 2. Maximum and minimum daily temperatures were below normal compared to the
42-year averages during March and April, but at or above normal during May and June (Table 2).
Rainfall was well above the 42-year averages during March, May and June (+2.05, +6.66, +3.79,
respectively). Rainfall was -0.25 inches below normal in April. Additionally, high winds were
prevalent during March and April.

The following discussion highlights and augments the information found in Table 3. Focal points of
the discussion will include those entries with superior performance or those that were new
introductions.

Ageratum houstonianum. (Floss Flower). Of the five ageratum cultivars examined, only 'Blue
Blanket' was a strong garden performer. While not as early to flower or fill in with flowers as the
'Hawaii' cultivars, it had excellent uniformity and a tight hemispherical growth habit.

Begonia semperflorens. (Fibrous-rooted Begonia). Sixteen fibrous-rooted begonia cultivars entries
achieved only fair performance ratings in early May. Rhizoctonia infection of begonia plots caused
some plant losses with the onset of warm weather. The more vigorous growth from the 'Baron'
series seemed to give an advantage over the more dwarf cultivars. A unique new color introduction,
'Varsity Bicolor', had flowers which were rose with a prominent white center.

Catharanthus roseus. (Vinca, Periwinkle). Unusual colors and an entirely new series dominated the
vinca plots this season. The most unusual new floral colors came from: 'Apricot Delight' flowers
were a peachy pink with a dark rose eye; 'Raspberry Red Cooler' flowers were rosy magenta with
a large distinct eye; and 'Heatwave Pink' flowers were a mid-pink with a dark pink halo around a
yellow eye. These breakthroughs in vinca color development by the various seed companies provide
a great versatility in vinca color landscape programming. 'Heatwave' was introduced as a new series
this year and was impressive in earliness to flower and compact growth. Overall excellence
throughout the season came from: 'Icy Pink Cooler', 'Orchid Cooler', 'Peppermint Cooler', 'Pink
Cooler', 'Heatwave Grape', Heatwave White' and 'Tropicana White'. It was obvious by the end
of the trial, although not particularly so when plant measurements were taken, that 'Heatwave
Peppermint', 'Heatwave Pink' and 'Heatwave White' produced more compact plants than the
'Coolers' or the other two 'Heatwave' colors.










Celosia cristata. (Cockscomb Celosia). 'Prestige Scarlet' is a 1997 All-America Selections winner.
This celosia gained perfect ratings in early May for flowering and uniformity. It had a unique
combination of a scarlet comb and glossy foliage which was green with bronze edges. The plants
were bushy and full, vigorous and sturdy. However, by the end of May branches began to fall over
which led to complete plant collapse by mid-June. The cause was unclear.

Celosia plumosa. (Plumed Celosia). 'Kimono Mixed' and 'New Look' were not new items for trial,
but they served as comparisons to 'Prestige Scarlet'. 'Kimono Mixed' was somewhat erratic in
uniformity of plant size and shape, and the foliage became progressively more chlorotic through the
season. It also collapsed during the end of May. However, 'New Look' provided superior
performance past the end of May.

Cuphea platycentra. (Cigar Plant). 'Dynamite' plants were diminutive, but were packed with bright
orange, tubular flowers surrounded by a deep green foliage. From the ultimate size, it should be
ideal as an edging plant, like dahlberg daisy or alyssum.

Dianthus hybrid. [D. chinensis x D. barbatus]. Unfortunately the daily temperatures rose and
Rhizoctonia and/or Fusarium infection became evident very quickly in the dianthus section. Plants
wilted and died before measurements could be made on seven cultivars, which included the 'Floral
Lace' series and 'Duchess Mix'. All flowered for the first time between April 4 and April 12.
Estimates from the few remaining plants at the end of April were that plant heights were between 7
and 10 inches, with flowers about 1.5 inches in diameter.

Eustoma grandiflorum. (Lisianthus). Of the seven lisianthus entries evaluated, one was a dwarf,
'Blue Lisa'. This variety flowered much earlier than all of the remaining entries which meant that it
also reached its peak performance and declined ahead of the others. Ratings for 'Blue Lisa' reflect
its seasonal performance. Ratings for the other entries were given near their peak flowering time in
late May. Only one of those, 'Mermaid Blue' had unacceptable garden performance in the spring.
It had very erratic flowering, which was a reflection of the divergence of flowering at 18 days and the
poor plant coverage by flowers. Highest ratings for the intermediate height lisianthus went to 'Florida
Blue' and 'Tiara Purple'.

Gazania splendens. 'Daybreak Bright Orange' is a 1997 Fleuroselect Gold Medal winner. It was not
difficult to see why that award was given. While the bright orange flowers were appealing, so were
the large flowers and the free-flowering, robust plants. 'Daybreak Bright Orange' got an overall
rating of 9.5 for the season, while its companion, 'Daybreak Bright Yellow', got a 9.0.

Gomphrena globosa. (Globe Amaranth). The dwarf 'Gnome' series provided fair to good garden
performance this spring, compared to exceptional performance in the fall of 1995 (Howe and Waters,
1996). The globe-shaped plants of 'Gnome Pink', 'Gnome Purple', and 'Gnome White' were very
compact and petite. However, overall ratings suffered because of foliar discoloration and necrosis
due to a Cercospora spp. infection. This condition was regrettable, because overall the series was
well balanced and had good visual impact. This trio would be ideally suited in border plantings.










Hypoestes sanguinolenta. (Polka Dot Plant). Polka dot plant is grown as a colorful foliage plant.
'Red Splash Select' is a dark red-leaved dwarf cultivar which grows very slowly compared to other
traditional bedding plants. Establishment of this species was difficult. Even with gradual pre-
exposure to full sun conditions to reduce the potential for sunburned foliage, the plants set in the field
sunburned. Gradually the plants grew out of this damage, but only leaves less exposed to the sun by
coverage from leaves above retained good color definition and were free from sunburn. It is felt this
species was stressed beyond its limits under full sun conditions and is best suited for a partial shade
environment.

Impatiens wallerana. Seventy-two cultivars of impatiens were examined from five companies. Early
season growth was hampered by the presence ofthrips and struggled with Rhizoctonia throughout
the season. However, the thrips infestation had the most severe effect on the impatiens. Foliar
growth became distorted and growth was stunted. After corrective action was taken over the course
of three weeks, the plants did grow out of these problems and produced a stunning display. In fact,
the impatiens were the only species to still have good visual appeal well into July just prior to discing
the field. Impatiens plant dimensions were taken in mid-May, and plants essentially doubled their
height by the end of June. Ratings for many of the cultivars became progressively higher with time.
Overall ratings give an indication of plant growth problems or plant losses to disease.

In the 'Accent' series the newest color is 'Accent Salmon Picotee' bringing the available colors in the
series to 24. Plant uniformity among the 'Accent' colors was superior, flowering was stalled by thrips
early in the season and generally recovered well, and plant lodging was not a problem. While overall
ratings were not generally outstanding for the 'Accent' series, it was a response to field location and
the stresses inherent there.

'Carousel Red' is a new double impatiens and was released with the claim that it would produce 40%
fully double flowers. In this trial doubling was virtually 100%.

The newest colors to the 'Dazzler' series are: 'Dazzler Blush' which had soft pink flowers highlighted
with a light pink blotch; 'Dazzler Burgundy' which had violet flowers; 'Dazzler Deep Pink' which
had dark rosy pink flowers; and 'Dazzler Lilac Splash' which had lavender flowers displaying a large
rose blotch. As with the 'Accent' cultivars, the 'Dazzler' series flowered better later in the season.

The 'Cajun' series is an entirely new series developed by S&G Seeds as an exclusive for Vaughan's.
Promotional materials say the seven 'Cajun' cultivars were bred to resist stretching, particularly in
the southern U.S. This study did not examine the claim. However, garden performance was similar
to the 'Impulse' series, another S&G Seed series, with the exception that the flowers were a bit
smaller.

'Mosaic Lilac' was a truly distinctive and unusual impatiens. A new cultivar developed by Goldsmith
Seeds, the flower color is a reddish-violet complemented with white streaks that radiate out along
the petals from the eye. Unfortunately, this cultivars declined ahead of most impatiens in the trial due
to infection by Rhizoctonia spp.










The 'Showstopper' series introduced two new colors this spring, 'Showstopper Rose' which had
cherry-colored flowers and 'Showstopper Soft Blue' which had blue-lilac flowers with a rose blotch.
Both of these cultivars had very high ratings in all categories by mid-season and finished the season
extremely well.

New colors in the 'Super Elfin' series included 'Super Elfin Apricot' with light orange flowers,
'Super Elfin Deep Pink' with rose-pink flowers, 'Super Elfin Lavender' with blue-lilac flowers with
a rose blotch and 'Super Elfin Lilac' with dark rosy violet flowers. All of the 'Super Elfin' cultivars
provided superior garden performance this spring, once they recovered from the thrip's damage.

New 'Tempo' colors included: 'Tempo Peach Frost' which had light salmon flowers edged by dark
salmon; 'Tempo Pink Frost' which had pink flowers edged with rose; 'Tempo Salsa Mix' which is
a custom blend of hot colors such as red, white, salmon, and peach frost; and 'Tempo Wedgewood
Mix' which is a custom blend of cool colors such as lavender, burgundy and white. The advent of
custom color blends to establish moods or themes in a landscape planting is a significant development.
Custom mixes allow landscapers a foolproof way to install the perfect blend of colors without making
the decisions themselves. The 'Tempo' cultivars as a group performed well.

Lobelia erinus. Waller Flowerseed released two series of lobelia in 1995: the 'Regatta' which has
a creeping or spreading growth habit, and the 'Riviera' which has an upright growth habit. Additional
colors were released in 1996. Three of the earlier releases captured Fleuroselect Quality awards,
which gives an indication of the uniqueness of these lobelias. Unusual colors include: 'Riviera Blue
Eyes' with flowers that were dark purple-blue with a white eye; 'Riviera Blue Splash' and 'Regatta
Blue Splash' with flowers which were white with blue throats; 'Riviera Lilac' with light rosy-purple
flowers; and 'Regatta Rose' with dark plum-rose flowers. Individual ratings for flowering and
lodging were generally superior to excellent, but scores were slightly lower for plant uniformity.
Plant losses were low, and were suspected to be caused by Rhizoctonia spp. Profuse flowering was
the overwhelming appeal of the cultivars. They performed well through the end of May and had
more staying power in the increasing heat than expected for lobelia.

Lobelia speciosa. The 'Fan' series oflobelia was very late to flower. Consequently, overall ratings
early in the season did not place a heavy value on the lack of flowers, since it was expected to flower
no earlier than July. However, when flowering did commence, two colors ('Fan Cinnabar Rose' and
'Fan Scarlet') were earlier and more prolific than the other two ('Fan Deep Red' and 'Fan Orchid
Rose'). Later overall ratings did consider lack of flowers as well as plant mortality.

Pelargonium x hortorum. (Geranium, cutting). Oglevee's floribunda series (those named after ladies'
names) were not a well-matched series. 'Maureen' and 'Angela' were particularly weak. They did
not fill out well and were much smaller than the other cultivars in their series throughout the season.
Their lack of vigor was very obvious. Especially superior performance among the floribundas came
from 'Gypsy' and 'Lucille'. One Oglevee variety that was not a floribunda was 'Lollipop'. 'Lollipop'
was very impressive, with very attractive, solid dark green leaves giving a striking contrast to the
large scarlet flowers.










The best cutting geranium series of the spring was the 'Designer' series. They had outstanding
garden performance through early May and did reasonably well thereafter as the days became
warmer. They were a well-matched, attractive series producing full, sturdy plants with large flower
heads. They did not all flower in a timely fashion as seen from the divergence of flowering, but they
did make a nice presentation.

The Fischer geraniums arrived a month later than the other cutting cultivars, and struggled to
establish themselves in a warmer environment than the Ogelvee and Ball FloraPlant items. The field
ratings were a bit liberal, since the plants did not fill out as well as the other cutting geraniums in trial.
They are best compared only with other Fischer cultivars.

Pelargonium x hortorum. (Geranium, seed). All of the seed geranium cultivars are new within the
last year. Overall ratings are lower than for the other categories because many plants began to die
upon flowering. The causal agent was not diagnosed, but the presence ofRhizoctonia and Fusarium
in other species in the trial leads to speculation that these pathogens played a role. A couple of the
most impressive seed geraniums, the survivors, were 'Glamour Light Salmon' and 'Ringo 2000 Rose
Bicolor'.

Pentas lanceolata. (Star-cluster). 'New Look Pink' was the first pentas cultivar available from seed.
Now two new colors have been added, 'New Look Red' with vibrant, clear red flowers with a white
eye, and 'New Look Violet' with rosy-purple flowers. All three of these are extremely slow growing.
Additionally, plants were healthy until about the third week of April (they had been in the field one
month), then began showing symptoms of leaf margin necrosis, which led to the death of several
plants. The cause was not immediately evident, but "salt" damage type symptoms suggested
nutritional imbalance. Therefore overall ratings are not good. Surviving plants were fairly attractive,
but small.

Petunia x hybrid. One hundred nineteen cultivars including 14 major series and two individual
cultivars were evaluated during the spring. The sheer number of cultivars makes individual discussion
of all cultivars cumbersome. At least a quarter of the entries were new introductions. In the interest
of brevity, the discussion will focus on these items.

However, first and foremost, a summary of the petunia growing area is appropriate. Petunias
provided a spectacular show from start to finish this spring. Peak flowering began about May 1 and
flowering remained strong through July. The plant quality gradually declined due to lodging in heavy
rain and the appearance of chlorosis as nutrients were depleted from the soil, but the profusion of
flowers in the field masked these problems to some extent. In short it was a perfect season for
petunias.

Nine new items were added to the 'Aladdin' series to expand its offerings to 15 individual colors and
mixes. New single colors include: 'Aladdin Blue Ice', 'Aladdin Burgundy', 'Aladdin Cherry',
'Aladdin Lilac', 'Aladdin Peach Mor', 'Aladdin Pink Morn' and Aladdin Sky Blue'. New custom
mixes were interesting combinations. 'Aladdin Cherry Morn Mix' incorporates the new 'Aladdin
Cherry Morn' with colors like white and burgundy for a cheerful mood, while 'Aladdin Nautical Mix'
highlights calming blues with the new 'Aladdin Blue Ice' plus colors like white, lilac, and solid blue.








All 'Aladdin' entries had superior to excellent uniformity and flowering. As with other series in trial,
overall ratings were lower to mainly due to lodging after rainfall.

An entirely new series was developed by S&G Seeds for Vaughan's and named 'Bravo'. The five
colors include blue, pink, red, salmon and white. 'Bravo White' was a little later to flower than the
other 'Bravo' colors. There also was some height difference among the mature plants. The blue and
red were about 9 inches tall in early May, while the pink was 10 inches and the salmon and white
were over 12 inches. The red and white were a little weak in flowering compared to the others. One
interesting observation was that when 'Bravo Blue' plants fell over, they produced a spectacular
blanket effect on the bed.

Two new colors, 'Bright Red Carpet' and 'Blue Star Carpet', and one cultivar improvement, 'White
Carpet Improved', were made to the 'Carpet' series. 'Buttercream Carpet' and 'Bright Red Carpet'
both received lodging and overall ratings of superior or greater. All cultivars in the 'Carpet' series
provided superior to excellent flowering. 'Buttercream Carpet' was a little later to flower than the
other colors in the series.

Twenty-three cultivars or custom mixes from the 'Celebrity' series were examined in the spring. Only
four of these were new introductions; 'Celebrity Lilac Mor', 'Celebrity Neon', 'Celebrity Yellow'
and 'Celebrity Watercolors Mix'. 'Celebrity Yellow' had the least uniform plants and plants that
were much smaller than many other cultivars in the series, especially early in the season. 'Celebrity
Blue Ice' and 'Celebrity Yellow' had the greatest divergence of flowering. 'Celebrity Salmon',
'Celebrity Orchid' and 'Celebrity Neon' had the largest flowers in the series. Best overall ratings in
this series were given to: 'Celebrity Burgundy', 'Celebrity Chiffon Mor', 'Celebrity Pink Mor',
'Celebrity Raspberry Ice', and 'Celebrity Strawberry Ice'. The most striking addition to the series
was 'Celebrity Watercolors Mix' which had a combination of sky blue, two "Mor" colors, yellow
and lilac in the blend. It was pleasing to the eye and an appealing way to incorporate yellow into a
custom mix. One of the best red-flowered cultivars in the trail was 'Celebrity Scarlet' which
produced a thick, vigorous plant.

One of the most spectacular new arrivals this spring was the 'Double Cascade' series. Currently with
three floral colors, the series was extremely impressive at the initiation of flowering. The first double
flowers to open were easily 5 inches in diameter. (The flower measurements in Table 2 were taken
late in the season when plants were in full flower). The three cultivars were fairly well matched in
the series, with 'Double Cascade Pink' flowering slightly earlier than the other two colors. 'Double
Cascade Burgundy' was misnamed for its floral color was distinctly orchid (lavender purple), and was
not typical for petunia cultivars called "burgundy". It also had long, unbranched stems which gave
it an unusual growth habit.

'Double Madness Salmon' appears to have been the earliest cultivar of the 'Double Madness' series
by at least 10 days, but the divergence of flowering indicates that some plants in the plot were very
late and not flowering with the others. In fact the entire series had large divergence of flowering.
'Double Madness Silver Shades' was given the highest overall rating in the series.

'Dreams White' has been promoted as a new product, but in fact it is a re-introduction of the original
'Dreams White'. The 'Dreams' series was well-matched except for 'Dreams Red' which was much










shorter than the other colors; however this made it lodge resistant. 'Dreams Pink' was also lodge
resistant, although not as short as the 'Dreams Red'.

The 'Eagle' series was a new introduction. The six colors are well-suited to each other with the
exception of the short red flowered cultivar, as noted previously with other series.

The 'Fantasy' series once again, was one of the star performers of the trials (Howe & Waters, 1995,
1996). Their unique miniature plant habit, excellent flowering, superb longevity and earliness to
flower made them especially noteworthy. 'Fantasy Blue', which draped the beds at the end of the
season, was the most vigorous of the series colors. 'Fantasy Red' grew in a very compact, ball
shaped habit, unlike the other colors which created more of a spreading blanket, 'Fantasy Pink'
seemed misnamed since the flowers were a dark rose with a cream throat. Meanwhile the base color
of'Fantasy Pink Morn' was adequately described as pink.

'Heavenly Lavender', a double multiflora, received a superior rating or better in flowering and plant
uniformity, however lodging was a significant problem and influenced overall appearance. The first
flowers were also overgrown by the foliage, so that by mid-April very little flower color was obvious.

Nineteen 'Madness' cultivars were evaluated, but none were new introductions to the market. As
a series, the 'Madness' cultivars were relatively uniform in plant height, flower size and flowering
times, but were variable with respect to plant lodging. The best overall ratings were given to:
'Burgundy Madness', 'Red Madness', 'Simply Madness' and 'Sugar Madness'.

The 'Merlin' series of cultivars were bred for 4-inch pot production and had a tendency to stay
slightly dwarf in the landscape compared to other standard multiflora series. Shorter plants also
alleviated lodging compared to other series.

There were no new colors introductions in the 'Primetime' series this season. 'Primetime' cultivars
performed well as a group and seemed a coordinated series.

'Purple Wave', the only creeping petunia in trial, was the only entry in the petunia area to receive
perfect 10 ratings in all categories. This vigorously growing cultivar flowered profusely and cascaded
over the sides of the bed.

'Lavender Storm', introduced last year, was joined by 'Pink Storm' and 'Salmon Storm' this season.
Flowering times, plant size and flower diameter were coordinated among the three cultivars. Lodging
was the most detrimental thing observed.

The 'Ultra' series were not as consistent as a group as some of the other grandiflora series. 'Ultra
Crimson Star' and 'Ultra Scarlet' did not flower as profusely as the other 'Ultra' cultivars and the
rating for flowering was elevated due to decent flower distribution throughout the plot. Lodging was
a serious problem for 'Ultra Sky Blue' and 'Ultra Blue'.

Portulaca grandiflora. (Moss Rose). 'Sundial Mango' was a new addition to the 'Sundial' series this
year. The pale apricot flowers are a nice complement to some of the vibrantly hued colors offered










by the rest of the series cultivars. The newcomer also received the best ratings of all 'Sundial' entries.
Ricinus hirta. (Castor bean). This huge plant was impressive by stature alone. The large palmate
leaves on plants that eventually reached 6.5 feet tall was eye-catching even at a distance. The rose-
pink flowers were inconspicuous unless sought out for inspection. The plants were mostly weather
tolerant, with only some leaning following heavy rainfall.

Salvia farinacea. (Blue Sage, Mealy Cup Sage). 'Reference' was a stunning landscape item and only
lacked perfect ratings because one plant in the plot died. This cultivar was later to flower than most
of the other species in trial, but well worth the wait. The blue and white bicolored flowers were a
nice compliment to the Salvia signum in the next plot with its dark purple-blue flowers. Both of these
species were excellent and had similar flowering characteristics and plant dimensions.

Salvia splendens. (Scarlet Sage). The salvia evaluation area was very interesting this season because
of the twenty-nine entries, eleven were experimental, and nine were new releases. The experimental
#155, 162, 165, 167, and 171 were an exceptional group because all of these entries produced full,
bushy, sturdy plants. Only the white, #155, had flower spikes were not as long as the other colors
in the group and those spikes were couched down in the foliage out of full view. The entries
numbered in the 4000 and 6000 group all produced very long spikes on small stature plants and
therefore lacked pleasing visual balance. The two entries in the 9000 group were very pleasing to
the eye in the balance of plant size and shape to the flower spike size and placement, as well as in
floral color.

The 'Salsa' series drew a lot of attention since the entire series was new. The cultivars were not well-
matched for uniformity in plant dimensions or vigor, but several were definitely outstanding when
considered alone. 'Salsa Scarlet Bicolor' was the most vigorous of the series, and along with 'Salsa
Burgundy' had the longest flower spikes. The best of the series were 'Salsa Scarlet Bicolor' 'Salsa
Scarlet' and 'Salsa Salmon Bicolor', which had sturdy full plants and well displayed flower spikes.
'Salsa White' was not as vigorous as any other 'Salsa', while 'Salsa Salmon' was variable in vigor
from plant to plant.

'Express Red' and 'Red Vista' were the other new cultivars, and both performed admirably.
Sanvitalia procumbens. (Creeping Zinnia). 'Orange Sprite' was very impressive and would have
garnered a better overall rating if some of the plants had survived in the field. Plants surviving past
field establishment were vigorous and prolific. Transplant production was also difficult, providing
a plant yield too low to ensure 100% plant stand in the field.

Tithonia rotundifolia. (Mexican Sunflower). 'Fiesta del Sol' became heavily blighted with a foliar
and floral disease. It was tentatively diagnosed as an Alternaria, but this was not verifiable. Weekly
applications of fungicide did not seem to alleviate the condition. The plants had excellent uniformity
and the daisy-like flowers were an attractive bright orange. May 9 was a little early to rate flowering,
since the plants had not reached their peak. By May 31, the second rating time, the flowers were
infected by disease, and not high in number.

Verbena x hybrid. 'Quartz Formula Mix', a mildew resistant verbena, was superb in early May,
producing very vigorous, thick, spreading plants covered with vibrantly colored flowers. Heavy rain










in mid-May greatly diminished the flower load, but by the end of the month, flowering was again quite
impressive. 'Novalis Mix' had superior flowering on May 9, but was not as effected by the mid-May
rains as 'Quartz'. However, 'Novalis Mix' steadily declined in flower number and distribution
through the end of the month. 'Novalis Mix' also lacked superior plant uniformity.

SUMMARY

Outstanding performance based on the above superior to excellent overall ratings at the end of the
spring of 1996 came from: Begonia 'Baron White-Green Leaf: Catharanthus 'Orchid Cooler',
'Peppermint Cooler', 'Raspberry Red Cooler', 'Heatwave Grape', 'Heatwave White', and 'Tropicana
White'; Eustoma 'Blue Lisa' and 'Tiara Purple'; Gazania 'Daybreak Bright Orange'; Impatiens
'Accent Rose', 'Cajun Lilac', 'Cajun Orange', 'Cajun Violet', 'Impulse Lilac', 'Impulse Orange',
'Showstopper Burgundy', 'Showstopper Rose', 'Showstopper Soft Blue', 'Super Elfin Deep Pink',
'Super Elfin Lavender', 'Super Elfin White', 'Tempo Blue Satin', 'Tempo Burgundy', 'Tempo
Coral', 'Tempo Lavender', 'Tempo Orange', 'Tempo Rose'; Lobelia 'Regatta Sky Blue', 'Riviera
Lilac'; Pelargonium 'Designer Rose'; Petunia 'Celebrity Burgundy', 'Celebrity Chiffon Mor',
'Celebrity Pink Mor', 'Celebrity Raspberry Ice', 'Celebrity Strawberry Ice', 'Fantasy Blue', 'Fantasy
Ivory', 'Fantasy Pink', 'Fantasy Red', 'Fantasy Salmon', 'Burgundy Madness', 'Red Madness',
'Simply Madness', 'Sugar Madness', 'Merlin Light Salmon', 'Purple Wave'; Portulaca 'Sundial
Mango', Salvia 'Empire Dark Salmon', #155 White, # 165 Salmon, # 167 Lavender, # 1171
Purple, # 92509 Burgundy, 'Salsa Scarlet', 'Salsa Scarlet Bicolor', 'Scarlet King'. Many of these
cultivars were recently released to the bedding plant industry.
The authors' favorite was: Catharathus 'Raspberry Red Cooler'.

NOTE

The information contained in this report is a summary of experimental results and does not provide
recommendations for crop production. Where trade names are used, no discrimination is intended
or endorsement implied.
ACKNOWLEDGMENT

The authors thank American Takii Inc, Ball Seed Co., E. Benary Seed, Bodger Seeds Ltd.,
Daehnfeldt, Floranova, G. S. Grimes, Goldsmith Seeds, Oglevee, Pan American Seed, Sakata Seed
America, S&G Seeds, Vaughan's, and Waller Flowerseed for their financial support during 1995 and
1996
LITERATURE CITED

Howe, T. K. And W. E. Waters. 1996. Summary of flowering bedding plant trials, fall 1995.
Bradenton GCREC Res. Rept. BRA1996-9.

Howe, T. K. and W. E. Waters. 1995. Summary of flowering bedding plant trials, spring 1995.
Bradenton GCREC Res. Rept. BRA1995-29.

Stanley, C. D. 1996. Weather report for 1995, Gulf Coast Research and Education Center,
Bradenton, Florida. Bradenton GCREC Res. Rept. BRA1996-6.








11

Table 1. Seed suppliers with designations referred to in Table 3.


Company/Supplier Designation

American Takii TAK
301 Natividad Rd., Salinas, CA 93906
Ball FloraPlant BFP
622 Town Road, West Chicago, IL 60185-2698
Ball Seed BLL
622 Town Road, West Chicago, IL 60185-2698
E. Benary Seed of America, Inc. BEN
1444 Larson Street, Sycamore, IL 60178
Bodger Seeds, Ltd. BOD
1800 North Tyler Avenue, South El Monte, CA 91733-3618
Fischer Geraniums USA, Inc. FIS
2955 Valmont Road, Suite 110, Boulder, CO 80301
Goldsmith Seeds GLD
P. O. Box 1349, 2280 Hecker Pass Hwy., Gilroy, CA 95020
Oglevee Ltd. OGL
150 Oglevee Lane, Connellsville, PA 15425
Pan American Seed Co. PAA
P.O. Box 438, W. Chicago, IL 60185
S & G Seeds, Inc. S&G
5300 Katrine Avenue, Downers Grove, IL 60515
Sakata Seed America, Inc. SAK
18095 Serene Drive, Morgan Hill, CA 95037
University of Florida Gulf Coast Research & Education Center UF
5007 60th Street East, Bradenton, FL 34203
Vaughn's Seed Company VAU
5300 Katrine Avenue, Downers Grove, IL 60515-4095
Waller Flowerseed Company WAL
P.O. Box 70, Guadalupe, CA 93434






12
Table 2. Temperature and rainfall at the GCREC during the spring of 1996 and the 42-year averages
(Stanley, 1996).


Average Daily Temperature (0F)
Maximum Minimum Rainfall (in.)
Month 19962 42-yr avg 1996z 42-yr avg 19962 42-yr avg

March 75 78 52 55 5.50 3.45
April 81 82 58 60 1.58 1.83
May 88 87 67 64 9.52 2.86
June 90 89 70 70 11.75 7.96


'First transplanting March 13, 1996. Last evaluative notes taken July 2, 1996.




Table 3. Observations of assorted flowering bedding plants, Spring 1996.


Field Date" Divergence" Flower- Plant' Plant' Ratings
Genus species (Common Name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant"
Cultivar Source Flower Colory Date Date Flower Flowering (inin. ) n.) (in.) Uniformity Flowering"' Lodging' Overall'


Aieratum houstonlanum (Floss Flower)

Blue Blanket

Blue Horizon

Hawaii Series


VAU It blue

SAK It blue


Blue Hawaii BOD

Royal Hawaii BOD

White Hawaii BOD

Antirrhlnum maius (Snapdragon)

Floral Showers Mixed SAK

Sonnet Mixed SAK

Begonia semperflorens (Fibrous-Rooted Begonia)


1-29 3-13 4-17

1-29 3-13 4-18


It blue

dk red-blue

white


3-13 4-9

3-13 3-29

3-13 4-10


0.3/1.1

0.3/1.6



0.5/1.2

0.3/1.2

0.3/1.2



1.0/2.0

1.3/3.9


1-29 3-13 3-31

1-29 3-13 4-13


9.3 17.1 10

16.5 20.3 8.5



6.9 11.9 7.5

6.3 10.5 8

8.2 15.1 8



6.7 8.5 9.5

15.4 10.3 8.5


Baron Series


Baron Red-Green Leaf

Baron Rose-Bronze Leaf

Baron White-Green Leaf


Prelude Series

Prelude Coral

Prelude Pink

Prelude Rose

Prelude Scarlet

Prelude White

Varsity Series


Varsity Bicolor

Varsity Bronze Leaf Pink

Varsity Bronze Leaf Rose

Varsity Bronze Leaf White


red

rose

white


coral

rose

violet-rose

red

white


rose w/white ctr

pink

rose

white


3-18 4-5

3-18 4-18

3-18 4-7



3-18 4-5

3-18 4-13

3-18 4-14

3-18 4-20

3-18 4-14



3-18 4-14

3-18 4-14

3-18 4-15

3-18 4-14


12.7 8.3 8.5

18.8 9.2 8/9

16.8 10.3 8/9



5.5 6.6 8

6.5 8.5 9

5.3 7.0 9

5.8 5.9 7

4.0 6.3 8



4.8 6.2 8

5.7 6.2 8

3.9 5.4 8

5.1 6.3 8


10

10/10

8/10


8

8/9

7.5/9.5





Table 3. Continued 2.


Field Date" Divergence' Flower" Plant' Plant' Ratings
Genus species (Common Name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant"
Cultivar Source Flower Colore Date Date Flower Flowering (in.) (in.) (in.) Uniformity Flowering"' Lodging' Overall'


Victory Series


Victory Pink

Victory Rose

Victory Scarlet

Victory White

Catharanthus rose (Vinca or Periwinkle)

Apricot Delight

Cooler Series


GLD pink

GLD dk rose

GLD red

GLD white


3-18 4-9

3-18 4-16

3-18 4-12

3-18 4-9


WAL pale peach w/red eye


1-29 3-25 4-15


4.8 6.5 8.5

5.6 7.1 8

4.9 5.2 8

5.4 6.2 8


5 1.6 7.0 11.1 8.5/8


Icy Pink Cooler

Orchid Cooler

Peppermint Cooler

Pink Cooler

Raspberry Red Cooler

Heatwave Series

Heatwave Grape

Heatwave Orchid

Heatwave Peppermint

Heatwave Pink


Heatwave White

Heatwave Mixture

Pacifica Mixed

Tropicana White

Celosla cristata (Cockscomb Celosia)

Prestige Scarlet


It pk w/med pk ctr & yel eye 1-29

dk orchid w/yel & wh eye 1-29

wh w/red eye 1-29

dkpk w/wheye 1-19

rosy magenta w/ig wh ctr 1-29


BOD dk purple-pk w/red eye 1-29

BOD orchid w/wh halo & yel eye 1-29

BOD wh w/red eye (faint peach tint) 1-29

BOD mid pink w/lg dk pink halo
around yel eye 1-29

BOD wh w/yel eye w/pink ring 1-29

BOD mix 1-29

WAL mix 1-29

WAL white 1-29


3-25 4-22

3-25 4-26

3-25 4-25

3-25 4-30

3-25 4-25



3-25 4-21

3-25 4-20

3-25 4-13


9.9 13.8 9.5/8.5/9 9/9.5/9.5 10/10/8 9/9/8

8.9 12.7 9/8.5/10 8/9.5/9.5 10/10/10 9/9/9.5

10.4 14.3 10/9.5/10 9/9.5/9.5 10/10/10 10/9.5/9.5
p-
9.5 12.4 10/10/10 8/8/9 10/10/10 9/9/9

9.9 11.6 10/9/9 8/8.5/9.5 10/9/10 8/8.5/9.5



10.1 13.4 10/9.5/10 9.5/9.5/10 10/10/10 10/9.5/9.5

9.6 11.7 9/8/8.5 9/9/10 10/10/10 7/7/6.5

8.6 11.0 8.5/9.5/10 9.5/9.5/10 10/10/10 8/8.5/9


9.3 11.1 9.5/10/10 9.5/9/10 10/10/10 8.5/8.5/9

8.5 10.4 9/9.5/10 9.5/9.5/9.5 10/10/9 9/9.5/9.5

9.3 12.3 8.5/8.5/7 9.5/9/9.5 10/9/9 8/7.5/6

8.3 11.4 9/8 8.5/9 10/10 5/3.5

8.9 12.6 9/10 9.5/10 10/10 9.5/10


3-25 4-24

3-25 4-15

3-25 4-19

3-25 4-17

3-25 4-15


1-29 3-13 4-4 14 2.9 14.1 NM 10/9.5


10

10

10

10



10/10


SAK scarlet


10/10 10/7 10/8





Table 3. Continued 3.


Field Date" Divergence' Flower" Plant Plant Ratings
Genus species (Common Name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant"
Cultivar Source Flower Color' Date Date Flower Flowering (in.) (in.) (in.) Uniformity Flowering"' Lodging' Overall'


Celosla plumosa (Plumed Celosla)

Kimono Mixed

New Look

Cuphea platycentra (Cigar Plant)

Dynamite

Eustoma grandiflorum (Lislanthus)

95-158

95-265

Blue Lisa

Florida Blue

Mermaid Blue

Tiara Purple

Gazanla silendens

Daybreak Series

Daybreak Bright Orange

Daybreak Yellow Improved

Gomphrena globosa (Globe Amaranth)

Gnome Series


SAK mix

BEN red w/dk brz Ivs



PAA red-orange


3-13 3-18

3-13 4-1


1-29 3-13 4-1


purple 12-22 3-13 5-16

purple 12-22 3-13 5-13

purple 12-22 3-13 5-1

purple 12-22 3-13 5-20

purple 12-22 3-13 5-17

purple w/wh halo & dk ctr 12-22 3-13 5-15


PAA bright orange

PAA bright yellow


1-29 3-13 4-18

1-29 3-13 4-11


7.6 8.2 8/8

13.5 15.5 9.5/8.5


3 0.9 7.3 14.7 9


26.7 15.4 10

24.8 15.5 10

8.9 9.0 10

16.8 14.4 9

10.1 9.8 8

15.0 13.7 9


6.1 8.8 10

5.2 9.5 9


SAK It pink

SAK red-purple

SAK white


3-18 4-5

3-18 4-3

3-18 4-4


5.5 9.4 9/9

6.6 10.9 9/9

7.8 11.3 8.5/7.5


Hpostes sanguinolenta (Polka Dot Plant)

Red Splash Select PAA no flower

Impatiens wallerana


1-29 3-18 DNF


DNF DNF 3.2 6.0 8


Accent Series


1-29 3-18 4-5 17 1.8 10.1 11.9 7/8.5/10 6/8.5/8


9/10

10/10


10/10

10/10


Gnome Pink

Gnome Purple

Gnome White


10/10

10/10

10/8


Accent Blush Pink GLD pk w/rose blotch


10/10/10 6/8/9





Table 3. Continued 4.


Field Date" Divergence" Flower" Plant" Plant" Ratings
Genus species (Common Name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant"
Cultivar Source Flower ColorY Date Date Flower Flowering (in.) (in.) (in.) Uniformity Flowering"' Lodging" Overall'


Accent Burgundy

Accent Cranberry

Accent Lavender Blue

Accent Lilac

Accent Orange

Accent Red

Accent Rose

Accent Salmon Picotee

Cajun Series

Cajun Carmine

Cajun Deep Pink

Cajun Lilac

Cajun Orange

Cajun Red

Cajun Violet

Cajun White

Carousel Red

Dazzler Series

Dazzler Blush

Dazzler Bright Eye

Dazzler Burgundy

Dazzler Coral

Dazzler Cranberry

Dazzler Deep Pink

Dazzler Lilac Splash

Dazzler Orange Improved


GLD

GLD

GLD

GLD

GLD

GLD

GLD

GLD


purple-red

cranberry

orchid pk w/rose blotch

violet-rose

dk orange

clear red

rose

salmon w/dk edge



cherry

pink

dk lilac-violet-orchid

dk scarlet-org

clear red

violet

white

red


10.5 8.5/8/9.5

8.8 8/7.5/9

9.9 8.5/7/9

9.9 7/7.5/9

NM 7/8.5/8.5

NM 8/9.5/9.5

10.4 7.5/8.5/10

10.9 8.5/9/9



NM 6/6/-

NM 6/7/8.5

NM 7.5/9.5/10

NM 7/8.5/10

NM 7/8.5/9

NM 8.5/9/10

NM 9.5/9/10

9.9 6.5/6.5/9



NM 8.5/8/9

NM 9/9/9

NM 8/9/9

NM 10/10/10

NM 7.5/8/10

NM 7/7.5/7.5

NM 6.5/8.5/9

NM 8/8/9


soft pink w/lt pink blotch 1-29 3-18

wh w/vio eye 1-29 3-18

violet 1-29 3-18

salmon 1-29 3-18

cranberry 1-29 3-18

rose-pink 1-29 3-18

lav w/dk rose blotch 1-29 3-18

dk orange 1-29 3-18


7/4.5/8

6.5/4.5/6

7.5/8/8

7.5/8/9

7.5/4.5/8

8.5/7/8.5

8/7/10

9/8/7



7.5/8/8

4/8/9

8/8.5/9

6.5/8.5/10

6/8/9

5.5/7/9.5

8.5/8/9.5

7/7/8



5.5/7/7

5.5/9/9

7.5/8/8.5

9.5/9.5/10

7.5/8.5/10

7/7.5/7.5

7/8/8

6.5/8/7.5


10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/9/9

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10



10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10



10/10/10

10/10/9

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10


7/5/8

7/5/6

6/7/6.5

7/7.5/8

7/3/1

8/7/8.5

7/7.5/10

8.5/7.5/7


4/1/1

5/6/7

7.5/9/9.5

5/8.5/9.5

7/7.5/8

7/7.5/9.5

8/8/9.5

6/6/6



6/7/1

7/8.5/4

7.5/3.5/2

9.5/9.5/6

7.5/8/9.5

6/7/7

6/8/8.5

6/8/8.5





Table 3. Continued 5.


Field Date" Divergences Flower" Plant' Plant' Ratings
Genus species (Common Name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant"
Cultivar Source Flower ColorY Date Date Flower Flowering (inin. ) n.) (in.) Uniformity Flowering"' Lodging' Overall'


Dazzler Pink

Dazzler Red

Dazzler Rose

Dazzler Salmon

Dazzler Scarlet Plush

Dazzler Violet

Dazzler White


dk pink

dkred

dk rose

It orange

scarlet

violet

white


Deco Series


Deco Salmon

Deco Tri-Color Mix

Impulse Series

Impulse Coral

Impulse Lilac

Impulse Orange

Impulse Red

Impulse White

Mosaic Lilac


PAA dk rose-salmon

PAA mix


S&G

S&G

S&G

S&G

S&G

GLD


1-29 3-18 4-8

1-29 3-18 4-7


v It sal wlg It org blotch

It violet-orchid

dkorg

clear red

white


dk red-vio w/radiating wh
streaks w/vio-rose blotch 1-29


6.4 NM 8.5/9/9.5

5.7 NM 8.5/8.5/9

7.9 NM 8/9/10

5.5 NM 8/8.5/9

6.7 NM 7.5/8/8

9.0 NM 8/10/10

11.9 NM 8.5/9/10



9.3 NM 7.5/8.5/9

7.5 NM 5/4.5/5.5



9.9 NM 7.5/9/10

10.8 NM 8/8/10

12.0 NM 8/9.5/10

11.9 NM 9/8/9

10.3 NM 6.5/8/9


3-18 4-1 10 1.7 8.4 10.8 8/8/9.5


8/8.5/7

0/7/7

7/9/9

7.5/7.5/7.5

5/8.5/8

6/8/10

9.5/9/9



5.5/9/9

4/7/5



5.5/9.5/10

7.5/9/10

7/10/10

9/8/10

6/7.5/8


10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10



10/10/10

10/10/10



10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10


6/7/6

4/7/8

7.5/9/9

7.5/7.5/8

4/8.5/8

6/9/9.5

9/9.5/9


5/9/9

4/4/1


6/9/9

7.5/8.5/9.5

7/8.5/9.5

9/8/9

7/7/8


7.5/3.5/6.5 10/8/10 7/2/1


Showstopper Series

Showstopper Burgundy

Showstopper Cherry Flair

Showstopper Deep Orange

Showstopper Lavender

Showstopper Pink

Showstopper Rose

Showstopper Soft Blue


violet (red-pur)

wh w/lg cherry blotch

dk orange

violet

pink

cherry

blue-lilac w/rose blotch


1-29 3-18

1-29 3-18

1-29 3-18

1-29 3-18

1-29 3-18

1-29 3-18

1-29 3-18


10.3 NM 8/9/10

8.8 NM 7/9/10

10.3 NM 9/9/9

8.5 NM 9/8.5/9

6.5 NM 7/7/0

10.4 NM 7.5/8/9.5

11.2 NM 8.5/9/10


1-29 3-18 3-31 23 1.8 10.3 NM 7.5/7.5/8.5


7.5/8/9.5

4.5/6/8.5

8/8.5/10

8.5/8/7.5

6.5/6/0

6.5/9/9.5

8/8.5/10


10/10/10

10/10/10

10/9/10

10/10/10

10/10/0

10/10/10

10/10/10


7.5/8/9.5

5/6.5/8

8.5/8.5/9

9/8.5/7

6/5/0

7/9/9.5

8.5/9/9.5


Showstopper White BLL white


7.5/9/9.5 10/10/10 7/8/9





Table 3. Continued 6.


Field Date" Divergence" Flower" Plant Plant" Ratings
Genus species (Common Name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant"
Cultivar Source Flower Colory Date Date Flower Flowering (in.) (in.) (in.) Uniformity Floweringe' Lodging' Overall'


Super Elfin Series

Super Elfin Apricot

Super Elfin Deep Pink

Super Elfin Lavender

Super Elfin Lilac

Super Elfin White

Swirl Series


Peach Swirl

Pink Swirl


Tempo Series

Tempo Apricot

Tempo Blue Satin

Tempo Blush

Tempo Burgundy

Tempo Coral

Tempo Deep Pink

Tempo Lavender

Tempo Lilac

Tempo Orange

Tempo Peach Frost

Tempo Pink

Tempo Pink Frost

Tempo Red

Tempo Rose

Tempo White

Tempo Salsa Mix


BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD


It orange

rose-pk

blue-lilac w/lg rose blotch

dk rose-violet

white



It peach w/dk coral edge

pk w/rose edge



It org w/lg org blotch

blue-lav w/rose blotch

v v It pch w/org blotch

violet-red

peach-pink

dk pk w/lg rose blotch

rose-lay w/ros blotch

purple-rose

dk orange

It salmon w/dk salmon edge

pk w/rose eye

pk w/rose edge

deep red

dk cherry rose

white

hot mix


1-29 3-18 4-7

1-29 3-18 4-2


1-29 3-18

1-29 3-18

1-29 3-18

1-29 3-18

1-29 3-18

1-29 3-18

1-29 3-18

1-29 3-18

1-29 3-18

1-29 3-18

1-29 3-18

1-29 3-18

1-29 3-18

1-29 3-18

1-29 3-18

1-29 3-18


10.6 NM

8.8 NM

10.8 NM

11.7 NM

11.1 NM



10.6 NM

11.6 NM



9.4 NM

9.7 NM

11.9 NM

10.0 NM

11.6 NM

10.1 NM

8.8 NM

11.1 NM

9.1 NM

10.2 NM

11.8 NM

8.1 NM

10.4 NM

13.2 NM

12.2 NM

11.1 NM


8.5/9/9

7.5/10/9.5

9/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/9.5



7.5/9/10

8.5/9/9.5



8/9/10

8.5/9/9

6.5/9.5/10

6.5/9/10

8.5/9/10

6/7.5/9

7/8/10

8.5/10/10

7.5/7/9.5

8/8/9

8.5/9/9

7/8/9

9/8.5/8.5

8.5/9/10

9.5/9.5/9

9/9/9.5


7.5/9.5/9.5

7.5/9.5/10

9/9.5/9

9/9/9.5

9.5/10/10



5.5/8.5/8.5

8/9.5/9



7/9/4.5

7.5/9/10

7.5/10/9

7.5/8.5/10

8/9.5/10

7/9/9

8/8/8.5

8/9.5/10

8/7/10

7.5/8/9

8.5/9/10

5.5/8/9

8/8.5/9.5

8/9/10

8/9.5/10

7/8/8


10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10



10/10/10

10/10/10



10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/10

10/10/9


7/8.5/9

7/9.5/9.5

9/9.5/9.5

9.5/9/8.5

9.5/10/10


5/8.5/8

8/9/9


7/9/5
i-.
00
8/9/9.5

6/9.5/9

6/9/10

8/9.5/10

6/8/9

7/8/9.5

8/9.5/9.5

7/7/9.5

8/8/8

8.5/9/8

5/6/9

8.5/8.5/9

9/9/10

9/8.5/7

8/8.5/2




Table 3. Continued 7.


Field Date" Divergence" Flower" Plant' Plant' Ratings
Genus species (Connon Name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant"
Cultivar Source Flower Colory Date Date Flower Flowering (in) (in.) (in.) Uniformity Flowering"' Lodging' Overall'


Tempo Wedgewood Mix

Lobela erinus

Palace Blue with Eye

Regatta Series

Regatta Blue Splash

Regatta Lilac

Regatta Marine Blue

Regatta Midnight Blue

Regatta Rose

Regatta Sky Blue

Regatta White

Riviera Series

Riviera Blue Eyes

Riviera Blue Splash

Riviera Lilac

Riviera Marine Blue

Riviera Midnight Blue

Riviera Sky Blue

Riviera White

Royal Palace

Lobelia speclosa

Fan Series

Fan Cinnabar Rose

Fan Deep Red

Fan Orchid Rose

Fan Scarlet


BOD cool mix



BOD dk purple-blue w/eye


WAL

WAL

WAL

WAL

WAL

WAL

WAL



WAL

WAL

WAL

WAL

WAL

WAL

WAL

BOD


1-29 3-18 4-5 19 1.9 11.2 NM 9/9/9 7/8.5/8.5 10/10/10 8/9/7.5



1-16 3-18 4-4 7 0.5 4.9 7.2 7.5 10 10 7


white w/blue tube

lilac

dk elec blue w/gm Ivs

dk elec blue w/brz Ivs

ros-violet w/wh eye

brt sky blue

white



dk pur/blue w/wh eye

wh w/blue tube

pk lilac w/rose-lilac tube

dk pur-blue w/gr Ivs

dk pur-blue w/brz Ivs

brt sky blue

white

dk pur-blue


rose-pk

purple-red

pink

ruby-red


11.0 9

11.1 8.5

11.1 7.5

10.5 8.5

11.4 9.5

13.1 9

11.4 9



11.1 9.5

7.6 7.5

7.7 9

9.4 8

8.5 8.5

9.9 8.5

8.0 8.5

9.2 8.5


14 0.9/11.8 28.2 12.4 8.5/9

1.1/7.0 30.4 16.7 9/9

-- 0.8/7.0 19.8 NM 8/8

14 1.1/11.3 30.9 13.7 8/8.5


10/10

10/10

10/10

10/10




Table 3. Continued 8.


Field Date" Divergence" Flower" Plantv Plant' Ratings
Genus species (Common Name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant"
Cultivar Source Flower Color' Date Date Flower Flowering (in.) (in.) (in.) Uniformity Flowering' Lodging' Overall


Melampodimn paludosm


1-29 3-13 4-11


15 1.1 15.3 15.4 10/8


Nicotlana alata (Flowering Tobacco)

Starship Series

Starship Burgundy BLL

Starship Lemon BLL

Starship Pink BLL

Starship Red BLL

Starship Rose Pink BLL

Starship White BLL

Pelargonlum x hortorum (Geranium ,Cutting)

Angela OGL

Elizabeth OGL

Gypsy OGL

Julia OGL

Lollipop OGL

Lucille OGL

Marilyn OGL

Maureen OGL

Designer Series

Designer Bright Lilac BFP

Designer Bright Red BFP

Designer Bright Scarlet BFP

Designer Hot Pink BFP

Designer Red BFP

Designer Rose BFP


rose-violet

creamy lime

dk pink

cherry red

rose w/crm ctr

white



mid pink

scarlet

lav-pink

coral-pink

scarlet

coral

dk pink

dk sal & crm bicolor



pk mixed w/rasp-pk

cherry red

sl org-scarlet

dk pink w/wh ctr

cherry red

cherry


2.0

1.6

1.6

2.0

1.7

1.7



1.3/2.3

1.2/3.0

1.2/2.7

1.4/3.1

1.5/4.1

1.1/2.5

1.2/2.6

1.2/2.6



1.5/4.7

1.3/4.0

1.7/4.1

1.2/4.4

1.7/4.2

1.4/4.1


17.3 20.8 10/9

19.3 23.1 10/9

16.6 18.3 9/7

18.3 22.3 9.5/9

18.0 19.7 9/8.5

17.4 19.3 8.5/9



8.5 11.8 8.5/8

9.7 18.3 8.5/9

11.3 19.1 10/9

13.8 20.9 9/9

10.2 15.7 9/8.5

12.4 19.3 10/9.5

11.4 16.1 9.5/9

9.2 14.4 8/8.5



11.7 16.3 9.5/9.5

12.7 14.3 10/10

10.4 15.0 9/8.5

12.4 15.8 9.5/9.5

13.4 17.6 10/10

11.6 14.7 10/10


Derby


10/9

10/8.5

10/7

10/9

10/9

10/10



9/10

9/10

9.5/10

10/10

9.5/9

9.5/10

9.5/10

9.5/10



9.5/9.5

9/10

10/10

9/10

10/9.5

10/10


10/8

10/7

10/9

9/8

10/9

9/9



10/10

10/10

10/10

10/10

10/10

10/10

10/10

10/10



10/10

10/10

10/10

10/10

10/10

10/10


10/6

9/6.5

6.5/3.5

9.5/8

7.5/6.5

7/7



5/4 4

9/8

9.5/9

9.5/8.5

9/8.5

9.5/9

9/8.5

7/7



9/8

9/7

9/8.5

9/8.5

10/6

9.5/9.5




Table 3. Continued 9.


Field Date" Divergence' Flower" Plant PlantC Ratings
Genus species (Common Name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant"
Cultivar Source Flower Color Date Date Flower Flowering (in.) (in.) (in.) Uniformity Flowering't Lodging' Overall'


Designer Salmon Rose

Designer Scarlet

Showcase Series


Showcase Light Salmon I

Showcase Scarlet E

Atlantis '96 F

Blues F

Bravo F

Diablo F

Lotus F

Madison F

Magic F

Samba F

Schoene Helena F

Tango F

Pelargonium x hortorum (Geranium, Seed)

Glamour Series


It ruby-It red

scarlet


IFP It salmon

IFP scarlet

IS cherry

IS dk pk w/rose freckles

IS rose w/pk freckles

IS scarlet


mix of pur-cherry & wh

pink-salmon

cherry red

scarlet

orange-salmon

scarlet


3-18 4-13

3-18 4-16


NA 3-18

NA 3-18

NA 4-9

NA 4-9

NA 4-9

NA 4-9

NA 4-9

NA 4-9

NA 4-9

NA 4-9

NA 4-9

NA 4-9


1.6/4.6 11.5 17.1 10/9.5

1.5/4.1 12.6 16.1 10/10



1.3/3.9 11.1 18.3 9.5/8.5

1.5/4.4 12.2 14.2 9.5/10

1.3/3.1 7.7 9.4 9.5/8.5

1.4/3.4 7.6 11.3 9.5/9.5

1.5/3.7 7.9 11.4 10/9

1.5/3.8 9.4 10.9 10/9.5

1.4/3.1 6.6 8.3 9/9

1.3/3.0 6.1 8.7 9/7

1.4/3.4 8.7 10.1 10/8.5

1.3/2.7 5.8 9.1 9/9

1.2/3.3 7.0 9.4 9.5/9

1.5/4.3 8.3 11.2 9/8.5


Glamour Light Salmon

Glamour Rose Pink

Glamour Scarlet

Glamour White

Maverick Series

Maverick Pink

Maverick Red

Maverick Salmon

Maverick Scarlet


pink-salmon

pink-rose

scarlet

white


GLD

GLD

GLD

GLD


dk pink w/mah edge

scarlet

dk salmon

scarlet


3-13 4-30

3-13 5-1

3-13 4-30

3-13 4-29



3-13 4-30

3-13 5-2

3-13 4-30

3-13 4-30


1.5/4.3 14.4 16.9 10/9.5

1.5/3.5 11.0 13.6 8/8.5

1.3/3.9 11.7 14.5 9.5/7

1.3/3.6 14.3 15.5 9/8



1.3/3.9 11.4 12.9 7/6

1.5/3.9 13.3 14.2 7.5/6

1.2/3.5 12.5 14.3 8.5/8.5

1.3/3.9 12.8 12.9 9.5/8


10/9.5

9.5/9.5



9.5/10

9.5/9.5

9.5/10

10/10

10/9.5

9.5/9.5

9/9.5

10/8.5

10/10

8.5/8.5

9.5/8.5

9.5/10


10/10

10/10



10/10

10/10

10/10

10/10

10/10

10/10

10/10

10/10

10/10

10/10

10/10

10/10


9/8

9.5/9

9.5/8

9/2

9.5/8.5

9/3

8.5/8

8/5

10/6

8.5/5

8/7

9.5/7.5


10/10

10/10

10/10

10/10



10/10

10/10

10/10

10/10


9/9.5

9/9

9/9.5

9.5/10




Table 3. Continued 10.


Field Date" Divergence' Flower" Plant' Plant' Ratings
Genus species (Common Name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant"
Cultivar Source Flower ColorY Date Date Flower Flowering (in.) in.) (in.) Uniformity Flowering"t Lodging' Overall'


Maverick White

Pinto Coral

Ringo 2000 Rose Bicolor

Pentas lanceolata (Star Cluster)

New Look Series

New Look Pink

New Look Red

New Look Violet

Petunia x hybrida

Aladdin Series (grandiflora)

Aladdin Blue

Aladdin Blue Ice

Aladdin Burgundy

Aladdin Cherry

Aladdin Cherry Mor Mixture

Aladdin Lilac

Aladdin Nautical Mixture

Aladdin Peach Morn

Aladdin Pink

Aladdin Pink Morn

Aladdin Red

Aladdin Salmon

Aladdin Sky Blue

Aladdin White

Aladdin Mixture

Bravo Series (grandiflora)


GLD

S&G

S&G





BEN

BEN

BEN





BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD


white

rosy red

raspberry rose & white bicolor


mid pink


clear red w/wh eye 1-16

dk orchid 1-16





dk purple 1-29

orch w/veins (fades) 1-29

red-violet 1-29

cherry 1-29

mix:wh, pk mom & burg 1-29

blue-rose w/wh thrt 1-29

mix: lilac, blue, blue ice,wh 1-29

mix: mom, lilac, sky 1-29

rose w/wh thrt 1-29

dk pk w/crm ctr & yel thrt 1-29

solid red 1-29

dk salmon w/wh thrt 1-29


mid purple w/wh thrt

white

mix


1-29

1-29

1-29


1-22 3-13 4-30

1-22 3-13 4-30

1-22 3-13 4-29


1.4/4.1 14.3 15.0 8.5/9

1.8/4.3 13.9 18.1 10/10

1.5/4.0 11.6 13.9 9.5/9.5


1-16 3-25 5-8 8 0.7/2.2 7.0 7.3 7.5/7.5 6.5/10


3-25 4-24

3-25 5-1


0.7/2.7

0.6/2.2





3.0

3.1

3.1

3.0

3.1

2.8

2.9

2.9

3.2

2.9

3.1

3.1

2.9

3.3

3.1


3-13

3-13

3-13

3-13

3-13

3-13

3-13

3-13

3-13

3-13

3-13

3-13

3-13

3-13

3-13


11.9 NM

13.9 NM

9.5 NM

9.5 NM

11.8 NM

16.1 NM

15.7 NM

13.1 NM

13.2 NM

12.1 NM

10.7 NM

12.8 NM

14.2 NM

13.6 NM

12.5 NM


6.5/7

6/5

8.5/8.5





4/5.5


10/10

10/10

10/10





10/10

10/10

10/10





3

4

10

8

7

5

5

7

5

3

9

8

7

10

5




Table 3. Continued 11.

Field Date" Divergence" Flower" Plant' Plant' Ratings
Genus species (Common Name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant"
Cultivar Source Flower Color' Date Date Flower Flowering (in.) (in.) (in.) Uniformity Flowering'' Lodging' Overall'


Bravo Blue

Bravo Pink

Bravo Red

Bravo Salmon

Bravo White

Carpet Series multifloraa)

Blue Carpet

Blue Star Carpet

Butter Cream Carpet

Bright Red Carpet

White Carpet Improved

Celebrity Series (floribunda)

Celebrity Blue

Celebrity Blue Ice

Celebrity Burgundy

Celebrity Chiffon Mom

Celebrity Hot Pink

Celebrity Lilac

Celebrity Lilac Morn

Celebrity Neon

Celebrity Orchid

Celebrity Peach Ice

Celebrity Pink Mor

Celebrity Raspberry Ice

Celebrity Red


S&G

S&G

S&G

S&G

S&G



PAA

PAA

PAA

PAA

PAA



BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD


dk purple

dk rose

red

dk salmon

white


dk purple

dk purple w/wh star

It yel w/dk yel ctr

red

white


dk purple 1-29

It purple w/dk purple veins 1-29

cherry-violet 1-29

pale pk w/crm ctr & yel thrt 1-29

rose 1-29

blue-lavender 1-29

rose w/white ctr 1-29

cherry rose w/clr wh thrt 1-29

It orchid w/plum veins 1-29

pk sal w/sal veins 1-29

rose w/wh thrt 1-29

dk pk w/rose veins 1-29

red 1-29


1-29 3-13 4-2 12 2.1 9.1 NM 9


5 2.5

5 3.1

8 2.9

5 2.8

8 3.1


8.6 NM

10.3 NM

9.1 NM

12.8 NM

12.8 NM



11.5 NM

13.6 NM

13.2 NM

10.1 NM

15.9 NM



11.9 NM

12.1 NM

9.0 NM

11.7 NM

13.3 NM

14.6 NM

12.4 NM

15.4 NM

13.7 NM

14.9 NM

14.2 NM

10.0 NM

7.3 NM


Celebrity Red Morn BOD cherry w/wh ctr


8.5 9 7





Table 3. Continued 12.


Field Date' Divergence' Flower" Plant Plant" Ratings
Genus species (Common Name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant"
Cultivar Source Flower Colory Date Date Flower Flowering (in.) (in.) (in.) Uniformity Flowering' Lodging' Overall'


Celebrity Rose Star

Celebrity Salmon

Celebrity Scarlet

Celebrity Sky Blue

Celebrity Strawberry Ice

Celebrity Summer Ice

Celebrity White

Celebrity Yellow

Celebrity Watercolors Mix

Double Cascade Series (double grandiflora)

Double Cascade Burgundy

Double Cascade Pink

Double Cascade Plum Vein

Double Madness Series (double floribunda)

Double Madness Burgundy

Double Madness Red & White

Double Madness Rose

Double Madness Rose & White

Double Madness Salmon

Double Madness Sheer

Double Madness Silver Shades

Dreams Series (grandiflora)

Dreams Burgundy

Dreams Midnight

Dreams Neon Rose

Dreams Pink


BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD

BOD



PAA

PAA

PAA



BLL

BLL

BLL

BLL

BLL

BLL

BLL



PAA

PAA

PAA

PAA


7 2.4

5 2.7

5 2.3

9 2.2

16 2.5

11 2.5

12 2.4

17 2.2

10 2.3


purple-rose & wh star

pink-salmon

red w/white thrt

mid purple (fades)

pink w/rose veins

dk salmon w/red veins

white

It yel w/dk yel ctr

mix



dk plum

vdk rose-pk

orchid w/veins



red-purple

It red & white

rose

rose & white

dk coral

pk w/rose veins

lilac w/plum veins



wine red

dk purple

orchid-rose

dk pink w/wh thrt


8.5 NM

13.3 NM

11.6 NM

17.4 NM

12.7 NM

14.4 NM

13.3 NM

9.6 NM

16.1 NM



14.8 NM

14.5 NM

12.6 NM



11.8 NM

15.5 NM

12.6 NM

13.0 NM

15.0 NM

10.8 NM

13.8 NM



11.9 NM

12.2 NM

15.7 NM

12.6 NM




Table 3. Continued 13.


Field Date' Divergence" Flower" Plant' Plant' Ratings
Genus species (Common Name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant'
Cultivar Source Flower ColorY Date Date Flower Flowering (in.) (in.) (in.) Uniformity Floweringe' Lodging' Overall'


Dreams Red

Dreams Salmon

Dreams White

Eagle Series (grandiflora)

Eagle Blue

Eagle Pink

Eagle Red

Eagle Red Star

Eagle Salmon

Eagle White

Fantasy Series (milliflora)


PAA

PAA

PAA



SAK

SAK

SAK

SAK

SAK

SAK


Fantasy Blue GLD

Fantasy Crystal Red GLD

Fantasy Ivory GLD

Fantasy Pink GLD

Fantasy Pink Mom GLD

Fantasy Red GLD

Fantasy Salmon GLD

Heavenly Lavender (double multiflora) GLD

Madness Series (floribunda)

Burgundy Madness BLL

Burgundy Star Madness BLL

Just Madness BLL


Lilac Madness

Midnight Madness

Orchid Madness


red

salmon w/wh thrt

white



dk purple

dk rose pk w/wh thrt

red

red & white star

dk coral

white


1-29 3-13

1-29 3-13

1-29 3-13


dk purple 1-29

dk pink w/red veins 1-29

yellowish cream 1-29

dk rose w/pink thrt 1-29

pk w/crm ring around yel thrt 1-29

red w/white thrt 1-29

It red w/yellow thrt 1-29

blue-orchid 1-29


dk plum

dk red-violet & wh star


1-29

1-29


veins mix 1-29

rose-lilac w/wh thrt 1-29

dk purple 1-29

blue-lilac w/dk plum veins 1-29


4-3

3-31

3-30



4-1

3-30

3-31

4-4

3-28

4-3



3-26

3-29

3-26

3-26

3-24

3-28

3-26

4-18



4-6

3-31

4-1

3-31

3-30

4-4


8

6

6



6

7.5

9

6

6

6.5


to
9.5 t.n

9

9.5

10

9

9.5

10

5.5



9.5

9

8.5

5

6

6


3-13

3-13

3-13

3-13

3-13

3-13




Table 3. Continued 14.


Field Date' Divergence" Flower" Plant' Plant' Ratings
Genus species (Common Name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant"
Cultivar Source Flower Color' Date Date Flower Flowering (in.) (in.) (in.) Uniformity Flowering"' Lodging' Overall'


Pink Madness

Plum Madness

Plum Crazy Madness

Red Madness

Rose Madness

Rose Star Madness

Sheer Madness

Simply Madness

Spring Madness

Sugar Madness

Summer Madness

Total Madness

White Madness

Merlin Series multifloraa)

Merlin Light Salmon

Merlin Rose Improved

Merlin Mixed Colors

Merlin Picotee Mixed

Primetime Series multifloraa)

Primetime Light Blue

Primetime Pink Mom

Primetime Salmon Morn

Primetime Lavender

Primetime Carmine

Primetime Rose

Primetime Scarlet


dk rose w/wh thrt 1-29

dk rose-orchid w/plum veins 1-29

It pk-plum w/dk plum veins 1-29

red 1-29

rose 1-29

rose & white star 1-29

pink w/rose veins 1-29

dk salmon 1-29

pink w/red veins 1-29

It orchid w/plum veins 1-29

dk pink w/red veins 1-29

mix: solids & veins 1-29

white 1-29


shell pink

cherry-rose w/wh thrt

mix: brt solids

mix


It bl-purple w/wh thrt 1-29 3-13

dk pink w/wh thrt 1-29 3-13

pk sal w/wh ctr& pale yel thrt 1-29 3-13

dk rose-lilac w/wh thrt 1-29 3-13

cherry-rose w/wh thrt 1-29 3-13

rose 1-29 3-13

red w/white thrt 1-29 3-13


13.7 NM 10

12.2 NM 9.5

14.8 NM 9.5

10.4 NM 10

12.5 NM 10

15.1 NM 9.5

12.1 NM 10

13.2 NM 10

14.3 NM 10

13.9 NM 10

11.8 NM 9

14.4 NM 9

16.2 NM 10



9.9 NM 9.5

10.4 NM 8.5

9.9 NM 7

13.6 NM 10



16.6 NM 10

14.0 NM 10

16.8 NM 10

15.6 NM 10

14.2 NM 10

11.1 NM 9.5

11.1 NM 9.5




Table 3. Continued 15.


Field Dates Divergence" Flower" Plant! Plant Ratings
Genus species (Common Name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant"
Cultivar Source Flower ColorY Date Date Flower Flowering (in.) (in.) (in.) Uniformity Floweringe' Lodging" Overall'


Purple Wave (trailing)

Storm Series (grandiflora)

Lavender Storm

Pink Storm

Salmon Storm

Ultra Series (grandiflora)

Ultra Blue

Ultra Crimson Star

Ultra Pink

Ultra Scarlet

Ultra Sky Blue

Ultra White

Portulaca grandiflora (Moss Rose)

Sundial Series


PAA



GLD

GLD

GLD


dkplum



dk rose-orch

rose w/wh thrt

dk pink sal w/wh thrt


GLD dk purple


GLD

GLD

GLD

GLD

GLD


red-pur & wh star

rose w/wh thrt

red

mid blue w/wh thrt

white


1-29 3-13 4-14


3-13 4-1

3-13 3-25

3-13 3-26



3-13 4-3

3-13 4-2

3-13 3-27

3-13 3-30

3-13 4-3

3-13 4-4


3 2.1 8.3 NM 10


13.7 NM 10

11.3 NM 9.5

13.1 NM 10



12.9 NM 9.5

12.8 NM 9

11.7 NM 9

12.8 NM 10

14.1 NM 10

13.7 NM 9


Sundial Fuchsia

Sundial Gold

Sundial Mango


Sundial Orange BOD

Sundial Pink BOD

Sundial White BOD

Ricinus communes (Castor Bean)

Carmencita Pink BEN

Rudbeclda hirta (Black-Eyed Susan or Gloriosa Daisy)


Toto


Salvia farinacea (Blue Sage)

Reference


fuchsia

yellow w/red ctr

pale apricot

tangerine

pink

white



salmon-pink



gold w/brown disc



blue petals w/wh calyx


3-18 3-31

3-18 4-2

3-18 4-2

3-18 4-3

3-18 4-3

3-18 4-2


2-15 3-13 4-16



1-22 3-25 5-20



1-22 3-13 4-29


4.5 15.1 8.5

3.3 12.8 9

4.7 16.3 9.5

4.3 15.4 9

5.3 14.4 9.5

3.4 11.6 9


4 1.3/11.3 61.0 42.3 10



19 NM NM NM 8



7 0.7/7.7 18.6 15.9 10/9.5


1-22 3-13 4-28 18 0.7/7.0 18.2 17.2 9.5/9


10



6

5

5



5

7

7

7

5

7 -J


9.5 9


10/10


10/10 10/9 9.5/9


Salvia s m BOD dk purple-blue






Table 3. Continued 16.


Field Date" Divergence Flower" Plant' Plant' Ratings
Genus species (Common Name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant
Cultivar Source Flower Colore Date Date Flower Flowering (in.) (in.) (in.) Uniformity Floweringe' Lodging" Overall'


Salvia splendens (Scarlet Sage)

Bonfire Elite

Cleopatra Series

Cleopatra Rose

Cleopatra Violet

Cover Girl Scarlet


Empire Series

Empire Burgundy

Empire Dark Salmon

Empire Lilac

Experimental

155 White

162 Red & White

165 Salmon Orange

167 Lavender

171 Purple

4108 Red

4114 Red

4171 Early Red

6024 Red

92509 Burgundy

92510 Lavender

Express Red

Grenadier

Hot Stuff Red


VAU orange-red


1-22 3-13 4-15 11 1.9/11.0 21.3 21.7 8


raspberry

dk purple

red



plum

dk red-rose

dk lavender


PAA

PAA

PAA

PAA

PAA

PAA

PAA

PAA

PAA

PAA

PAA

PAA

VAU

VAU


yel-cream

red & wh bicolor

dk coral

dk lavender

v pk-purple

red

red

red

red

rose-purple

dk lavender

red

red

red


8.5 10


1.9/6.7 14.3 13.3 7.5

2.0/6.7 11.8 12.3 10

1.9/7.7 14.1 18.2 9



2.0/9.1 15.1 15.6 10

1.8/8.4 14.1 13.4 9.5

1.8/7.6 12.2 12.6 7



1.4/4.8 15.9 11.8 9

1.6/5.9 12.8 15.8 10

1.7/6.7 15.6 15.1 10

1.6/6.3 13.4 13.0 10

1.8/6.7 13.0 11.6 10

1.8/8.0 12.7 12.5 10

1.7/6.4 10.1 10.9 8.5

1.8/7.6 12.4 13.9 8

1.6/7.3 11.5 11.1 7

1.9/7.3 12.9 13.2 10

1.8/7.7 16.1 14.5 10

2.0/7.8 14.2 15.5 8.5

2.0/6.9 14.3 14.4 9

1.8/6.7 11.9 12.5 7





Table 3. Continued 17.


Field Date" Divergence" Flower" Plant' Plant' Ratings
Genus species (Common Name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant"
Cultivar Source Flower Colory Date Date Flower Flowering (in.) (in.) (in.) Uniformity Flowering'' Lodging' Overall'


Red Vista PAA red 1-22 3-13 4-14 28 1.8/7.1 13.3 12.9 8 10 9 8.5

Salsa Series

Salsa Burgundy GLD plum 1-22 3-13 4-9 18 1.9/8.5 14.4 12.9 8 10 10 8

Salsa Salmon GLD It pink 1-22 3-13 4-4 7 1.9/6.8 12.8 12.9 8 10 10 8

Salsa Salmon Bicolor GLD It pk-sal/cream bicolor 1-22 3-13 4-16 12 1.9/7.0 13.0 13.5 9 10 10 8.5

Salsa Scarlet GLD red 1-22 3-13 4-15 14 1.8/7.5 14.4 14.0 9 10 10 9.5

Salsa Scarlet Bicolor GLD red & cream bicolor 1-22 3-13 4-8 7 1.8/8.5 16.6 17.2 9 10 10 9.5

Salsa White GLD white 1-22 3-13 4-7 12 1.7/7.0 14.6 13.0 9.5 9 10 8

Scarlet King PAA red 1-22 3-13 4-16 14 1.7/7.5 14.2 14.8 10 10 10 10

Sanvitala procumbens (Creeping Zinnia)

Orange Sprite PAA gold w/brown disc 1-29 3-25 4-1 8 0.9 8.5 NM 9.5/9.5 9/10 10/10 8.5/8.5

Tithonia rotundifolia (Mexican Sunflower)

Fiesta Del Sol BEN bright orange 1-29 3-25 5-4 15 2.8 22.1 NM 10/9 9/6.5 10/9 8/5

Verbena x hybrida

Novalis Mix BEN mix 1-29 3-13 4-16 23 0.6/1.8 9.5 14.5 7.5/8.5 9/6.5 10/8 7/6

Quartz Formula Mix PAA mix 1-29 3-13 4-8 16 0.7/2.0 8.1 NM 9.5/10 10/8.5 10/10 10/9



'Source is not necessarily the developer. Refer to Table 2 for source designations.
YAbbreviations: brt = bright; brz = bronze; burg = burgundy, crm = cream; ctr = center, dk = dark; elec = electric; freck = freckles; gm = green; lav = lavender; Ig = large; It = light; Ivs = leaves; mah = mahogany; med = medium; orch =
orchid; org = orange; pch = peach; pk = pink; pur = purple; rasp = raspberry; sal = salmon; scar = scarlet; thrt = throat; v = very; vio = violet; w/ = with; wh = white; yel = yellow.
'Abbreviations: DNF = did not flower. Divergence of flowering was the number of days between when the first plant in the plot flowered until the last.
"Ageratum, Pelargonium, Pentas, Verbena = flower diameter/head diameter; Antirrhinum, Lobelia, Ricinus, Salvia = flower diameter/spike length. DNF = did not flower.
'NM = not measured.
"Rating: 10 = excellent, 9 = superior, 8 = very good, 7 = good, 6 = fair, I = very poor, 0 = all dead. NR = not rated. Multiple ratings in chronological order.
'Density and distribution rating.
'Rating: 10 = no lodging, 1 = plants flattened to ground. NR = not rated. Multiple ratings in chronological order.
Inclusive rating for appearance and vigor: 10 = excellent, 9 = superior, 8 = very good, 7 = good, 6 = fair, 1 = very poor, 0 = all dead. NR = not rated. Multiple ratings in chronological order.







The Gulf Coast Research and Education Center


The Gulf Coast Research and Education Center is
a unit of the Institute of Food and Agricultural Sci-
ences, University of Florida. The Research Center
originated in the fall of 1925 as the Tomato
Disease Laboratory with the primary objective of
developing control procedures for an epidemic out-
break of nailhead spot of tomato. Research was ex-
panded in subsequent years to include study of sev-
eral other tomato diseases.

In 1937, new research facilities were established
in the town of Manatee, and the Center scope was
enlarged to include horticultural, entomological, and
soil science studies of several vegetable crops. The
ornamental program was a natural addition to the
Center's responsibilities because of the emerging in-
dustry in the area in the early 1940's.

The Center's current location was established in
1965 where a comprehensive research and extension
program on vegetable crops and ornamental plants is
conducted. Three state extension specialists posi-
tions, 16 state research scientists, and two grant
supported scientists from various disciplines of
training participate in all phases of vegetable and
ornamental horticultural programs. This interdisci-
plinary team approach, combining several research
disciplines and a wide range of industry and faculty
contacts, often is more productive than could be ac-
complished with limited investments in independent
programs.


The Center's primary mission is to develop new
and expand existing knowledge and technology, and
to disseminate new scientific knowledge in Florida, so
that agriculture remains efficient and economically
sound.

The secondary mission of the Center is to assist
the Cooperative Extension Service, IFAS campus
departments, in which Center faculty hold appropri-
ate liaison appointments, and other research centers
in extension, educational training, and cooperative
research programs for the benefit of Florida's pro-
ducers, students, and citizens.

Program areas of emphasis include: (1) genetics,
breeding, and variety development and evaluation;
(2) biological, chemical, and mechanical pest manage-
ment in entomology, plant pathology, nematology,
bacteriology, virology, and weed science; (3) produc-
tion efficiency, culture, management, and counteract-
ing environmental stress; (4) water management and
natural resource protection; (5) post-harvest physiol-
ogy, harvesting, handling and food quality of horti-
cultural crops; (6) technical support and assistance to
the Florida Cooperative Extension Service; and (7)
advancement offundamental knowledge ofdisciplines
represented by faculty and (8) directing graduate
student training and teaching special undergraduate
classes.


Location of
GCREC Bradenton


IFAS IS:
" The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences,
University of Florida.
Q A statewide organization dedicated to teaching,
research and extension.
Q Faculty located in Gainesville and at 13 research
and education centers, 67 county extension
offices and four demonstration units throughout
the state.
Q A partnership in food and agriculture, and natural
and renewable resource research and education,
funded by state, federal and local government,
and by gifts and grants from individuals, founda-
tions, government and industry.
Q An organization whose mission is:
Educating students in the food, agricultural,
and related sciences and natural resources.
Strengthening Florida's diverse food and
agricultural industry and its environment
through research.
Enhancing for all Floridians, the application
of research and knowledge to improve the
quality of life statewide through IFAS exten-
sion programs.




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