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Summary of flowering bedding plant trials
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 Material Information
Title: Summary of flowering bedding plant trials
Series Title: Bradenton GCREC research report
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Gulf Coast Research and Education Center (Bradenton, Fla.)
University of Florida -- Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Publisher: University of Florida.
Place of Publication: Bradenton Florida
Creation Date: 1997
Frequency: irregular
completely irregular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Bedding plants -- Varieties -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Bedding plants -- Field experiments -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Spring 1994-
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Winter 1997-1998.
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: oclc - 62677465
lccn - 2005229094
System ID: UF00054205:00007

Table of Contents
    Copyright
        Copyright
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Materials and methods
        Page 1
    Results and discussion
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Summary
        Page 7
        Page 8
    Note
        Page 8
    Acknowledgement
        Page 8
    Literature cited
        Page 8
    Tables
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
    The gulf coast research and education center
        Page 16
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HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida





,~ 3~nu


/' UNIVERSITY OF
s FLORIDA
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


Gulf Coast Research and Education Center
5007 60th Street East, Bradenton, FL 34203
GCREC-Bradenton Research Report BRA-1998-05


JUL 2 0 998
University of Florida


SUMMARY OF FLOWERING BEDDING
PLANT TRIALS
Fall 1997


T. K. Howe








GCREC Research Report BRA1998-5


SUMMARY OF FLOWERING BEDDING PLANT TRIALS FALL 1997

T. K. Howe1
Gulf Coast Research and Education Center
University of Florida, IFAS
5007 60th St. East
Bradenton, FL 34203

The performance of flowering bedding plant cultivars in demonstration plots has been evaluated two
to three times a year at the Gulf Coast Research and Education Center in Bradenton, FL since 1982.
In the fall (September-December) of 1997, 153 entries from 12 genera, supplied by nine companies,
one grower and the University of Florida, were examined in nonreplicated nine-plant plots. This trial
allowed the variety trials program coordinator, along with interested growers, seed companies,
landscapers, breeders, and extension service master gardeners to view new releases from commercial
breeders and to make preliminary assessments of cultivar suitability for use in central Florida.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Seeds were sown in a peat:vermiculite medium (see below) and germinated under environmental
conditions as required for each species. Seedlings were transplanted to ToddR) planter flats (1.5 x
1.5 x 2.5 inch cells, model 128) filled with peat:vermiculite medium (1:1,v:v) amended with dolomite,
super-phosphate, and hydrated lime at 11.3, 5.6, and 2.8 lb/cu yd, respectively. Plants were treated
with soluble fertilizers, as appropriate, after the appearance of the first true leaf. Plants were not
treated with plant growth regulators.

Raised beds ofEauGallie fine sand were formed on August 28 and NutricoteR) 13-13-13 (180 day
release, with minor elements) slow release fertilizer was broadcast across the width of the bed at a
rate of 83 lb/1000 sq ft and incorporated three to four inches deep. Beds were fumigated (methyl
bromide: chloropicrin, 66:33) and covered with white on black polyethylene film. Finished beds were
2.7 ft wide and 8 inches high on 5 ft centers. Irrigation water was supplied by subsurface seepage
from lateral ditches spaced every 42 ft.

Transplants were taken to the field when roots were well developed and filled the cells of the planter
flats. Transplants were placed, based on estimated mature dimensions, in beds on 12 inch centers
in three rows across each bed with nine plants per plot (staggered layout), or on 9 inch centers in
three rows across the bed with nine plants per plot. Dates for sowing and field planting are included
in the trial summary table. Pesticides azadirachtinn, Bacillus thuringiensis, thiophanate-methyl,
iprodione, mancozeb, fludioxinil, thiophanate-methyl plus 5-ethoxy-3-trichloromethyl-1,2,4-
thiadiazole) were used preventively or on demand for lepidopterous larvae, bacterial and fungal
pathogens. A Rhizoctonia infection was identified in some species during the course of the field trial.


1Research Program Coordinator.


March 1998








2

This flower trial emphasized the performance of cultivars in ground beds under full sun, therefore no
manipulation of the plants such as the application of growth retardants or pinching of the apical buds
was undertaken. Measured parameters included flower size and mature plant dimensions. Subjective
ratings were assigned for floriferousness, plant uniformity, lodging and overall appearance.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

In the fall, average daily temperatures were near normal as compared to the 43-year mean (Table 1).
Rainfall was about 3 inches above normal in September. Particularly unusual was the record-breaking
rainfall in November, which was nearly 7.5 inches above the 43-year mean, followed by another
record-breaking 11.94 inches in December, which was 9.6 inches above normal. Disease pressure
was high during the season due to heavy rainfall.

A complete listing of companies which contributed seed and the designation of each company as
referenced to in the summary table are found in Table 2.

The following discussion highlights and augments the information found in Table 3. Focal points of
the discussion will include those entries with superior performance or those that were new
introductions.

Begonia semperflorens. (Fibrous-rooted Begonia). Twenty-three fibrous-rooted begonia cultivars
entries were evaluated. Rhizoctonia infection of begonia plants caused losses soon after transplanting
and decreased the vigor of surviving plants. However, as the season progressed and temperatures
became cooler, the begonia area became increasingly attractive and plants were at peak appearance
when the trial was terminated on December 31. Divergence of flowering was extremely variable
within each of the begonia series. Ratings of begonias for overall performance ignored plant losses
due to Rhizoctonia, since no real differences among the cultivars were discernable with respect to
disease severity. Ratings in all three categories were best late in the season. Flowering was very
good to superior (8 to 9) for most cultivars and was most consistent for two series: the 'Super
Olympia', a green-leaved type, and 'Senator', a bronze-leaved type. Best overall appearance ratings
late in the season (December 24) came from 'Senator White', 'Eureka Rose', 'Eureka Scarlet',
'Eureka White', 'Super Olympia Coral', 'Super Olympia Pink', 'Victory Green Leaf Bicolor',
'Victory Green Leaf Pink', and 'Victory Green Leaf Rose'.

Brachycome iberidifolia. (Swan River Daisy). These tumbleweed-like plants had finely textured
foliage and small, daisy-like flowers similar to Dahlberg daisy. Flowers of the 'Bravo' series were
vibrantly colored in reddish-purple, white and a dark bluish-purple, all with striking black centers.
Like the begonia, this species was infected with Rhizoctonia, which killed some plants. 'Bravo White
with Black Centre' was more vigorous, as evidenced by the plant dimensions, than the other two
cultivars and lost fewer plants to the infection. Divergence of flowering was very poor for 'Bravo
Violet with Black Centre' in that the time from first to final flowering was more than one month, but
flower density and abundance was superior to excellent for all three cultivars. Plant uniformity was
uneven and plants lodged to such an extent that production in a bed as a large grouping would be ill-
advised. This species is better suited in a mixed container as an accent.










Capsicum annuum. (Ornamental Pepper). 'Red Rooster Spur' was provided by Highwoods Nursery,
Inc. in Winter Haven, FL. This cultivar is essentially an heirloom, an open pollinated pepper that has
been grown from grower-saved seed for many decades. These decorative plants bore fruit on branch
terminals in clusters reminiscent of upright fingers. Fruit was extremely hot and began to show red
color in late December. This plant added interest, texture, and a culinary aspect to the trial area.
Pinching the plants was recommended by Highlands Nursery to promote sturdier plants with more
branching and therefore more fruit, but this was not done to see the natural habit of the plant. Even
without pinching, 'Red Rooster Spur' received excellent ratings in all three categories.

Catharanthu roses. (Vinca, Periwinkle). Rhizoctonia dominated the vinca plots this season. This
species was the most severely affected in the trial and plant losses were substantial. Measurements
of plant dimensions and ratings were taken on surviving plants. Singular among all the vinca cultivars
was 'Blue Pearl' in that only one plant died. The 1997 "Product Information Guide" from
PanAmerican Seed Co. states that plants are 25% larger in the garden. It was speculated that the
hybrid vigor of 'Blue Pearl' enabled it to survive and thrive when other cultivars did not. However,
due to the nonreplicated nature of the trial layout, 'Blue Pearl' may also have been exposed to less
Rhizoctonia than the other cultivars simply by virtue of where it was planted in the trial site. Also,
the most unusual new floral color came from 'Blue Pearl' which had pale bluish-lavender flowers
with a prominent white eye and yellow center. Ratings assigned on October 29 ignored plant losses
due to disease and focused on surviving plants. Overall ratings were superior to excellent for nearly
all cultivars.

Eustoma grandiflorum. (Lisianthus). 'Pink Lisa' was one to three weeks earlier to flower than any
of the other eight lisianthus cultivars. However, 'Pink Lisa' had a distinct lack of foliage in
proportion to its prolific flowering and had, along with 'Blue Lisa', the least longevity. These two
cultivars flowered much earlier than the other entries. Ratings were assigned when the 'Lisa' series
reached peak flowering, but the other series were not yet prime, so the timing favored the 'Lisa'
series. Plant uniformity was best for the 'Lisa' series. The 'Tiara' cultivars were well branched and
stocky. Of the two 'Mermaid' cultivars, 'Mermaid Pink' was better due to the robustness, uniformity
and compactness of the plants, and the longevity of the flowering. 'Florida Pink' was the best of
the 'Florida' cultivars in plant uniformity, whereas 'Florida Light Blue' was slightly earlier to flower
than the other two 'Florida' cultivars. In summary, the best garden performance among the series
came from the pink-flowered cultivars in each series.

Gazania splendens. 'Daybreak Red Stripe' is a 1998 Fleuroselect Gold Medal winner and continues
the award winning tradition of other colors in the 'Daybreak' series. This unique cultivar had bright
yellow flowers boldly striped with mahogany red. 'Daybreak Red Stripe' got an overall rating of 9
for the season.

Helianthus annuus. (Sunflower). 'Pacino' is a dwarf cultivar that was a very pleasant surprise as in
the spring (Howe and Waters, 1997b). It had a multiflora habit producing numerous 7.7-inch
flowers on 26-inch plants, which were slightly larger dimensions as compared to the spring when it
produced 5-inch flowers on 22-inch plants. As in the spring, it was fairly sturdy in heavy rains and










secured superior overall ratings for its very short season in which plants peaked October 19 and were
ready for removal by October 29.

Ocimum basilicum. (Basil). 'Sweet Dani' was the recipient of an All America Selections award for
1998. Unfortunately, this was not an ideal ornamental item. By mid October foliage was chlorotic
and later bronzed. The two-foot plants were full and bushy but lacked any unusual texture, color,
habit or shape that distinguished it from a typical culinary herb.

Petunia x hybrid. Sixty-one cultivars of petunia were evaluated such that slightly over one-third of
the assorted bedding plant trial was devoted to petunia. The vast majority performed very admirably,
despite the repeated heavy rains. All petunia were rated at their peak performance on October 29.

'Aladdin' grandiflora petunias with a ruffled flower edge performed well as a group. Only two,
'Aladdin Burgundy' and 'Aladdin Peach Morn' did poorly, losing plants to an undiagnosed disease
presumed to be either Rhizoctonia or Phythium. Mature plant heights among the 'Aladdin' cultivars
varied from 5.6 inches to 12.4 inches with white and blue being the tallest and cherry, peach morn,
red and burgundy the shortest. Plant heights were not as variable in fall 1996 (Howe and Waters,
1997a). 'Aladdin Sky Blue' was noted as being lush and full, but compact for its height.

Overall ratings for 'Dreams' grandiflora petunias were very good to superior as a group. However,
variability existed among the cultivars in plant height and flower size. 'Dreams Red' in particular
was very short (6.3 inches average height) while 'Dreams Pink Vein' was very tall (11.9 inches).
Several 'Dreams' cultivars were infected with Botrytis, but three were free of flower blight: 'Dreams
White', 'Dreams Salmon' and 'Dreams Pink Vein'.

'Fantasy Carmine' and 'Fantasy Crystal Light Salmon' and 'Fantasy Crystal Red' are the newest
additions to the 'Fantasy' series. 'Fantasy Carmine' was more vigorous and robust than the other
'Fantasy' cultivars, but is the first cultivar in a move to "bulk up" the 'Fantasy' series plant habit
while maintaining the petite flowers unique to the milliflora class of petunia. Plant dimensions were
more consistent among the 'Fantasy' cultivars this fall as compared to fall 1996 (Howe and Waters,
1997a). 'Fantasy Red' also seemed to be an outlier among the 'Fantasy' cultivars in that flowers
were positioned well above the foliage and gave a "sputnik" or pincushion appearance to the plants.

Cultivars within the 'Horizon' series were dissimilar, and in two cases, were not true to type.
'Horizon Flame' was the most diminutive of the group and was more akin to the 'Fantasy' series in
plant size. 'Horizon Pastel Coral with Pale Throat' was taller, but not consistently so, whereby
individual plants ranged from 7 to 11.5 inches in height. 'Horizon Red' had variable leaf sizes where
some plants had long, narrow leaves and some plants had wider leaves. 'Horizon Red Halo' had the
best plant uniformity but lacked flowers.

The 'Pearls' cultivars constitute an old multiflora series, with several cultivars gaining superior overall
ratings this fall. 'Pearls Deep Rose', 'Pearls Light Salmon', 'Pearls Rose & White' and 'Pearls
White' had superior overall ratings and were among the tallest petunias in the trial. 'Pearls Royal








5

Blue', while providing a huge blanket of plants, also buried the flowers under its foliage. 'Pearls
Tahitian' was an obvious mis-match in the series with both diminutive flowers and plant size.

Only four 'Prism' cultivars were in trial, and those four were mis-matched. 'Prism Bright Rose' wa,
low-growing and compact, while 'Prism Sunshine', a yellow-flowered grandiflora and an All America
Selections winner for 1998, produced tall vigorous plants which were taller than the 'Prism White'.
An interesting observation since white petunias tend to be the most vigorous of all petunia colors.

Three of the five 'Primetime' cultivars, 'Primetime Lavender', 'Primetime Light Blue' and 'Primetime
Mid Blue', were very well suited as being part of the same series having very compact, well-filled out
plants which were very close in plant height. 'Primetime Rose' and 'Primetime Scarlet', however,
were very prostrate compared to the other three.

Surprisingly, the 'Storm' series suffered the same inconsistencies in plant size as the other series this
fall. 'Storm White' which joined 'Storm Salmon', 'Storm Pink' and 'Storm Lavender' this year was
taller than the other 'Storm' colors. 'Storm White' lodged in heavy rain and thus got lower
performance ratings. 'Pink Storm' and 'Salmon Storm' were both shorter than 'Lavender Storm' and
'White Storm'. This series has been more consistent in plant size in previous trials (Howe and
Waters, 1997a, 1997b, 1996). The flower color of'Pink Storm' was too dark to be called pink, it
was closer to what is commonly referred to as rose in petunia. 'White Storm' plants lodged severely
in heavy weather.

The 'Ultra' series had two cultivars, 'Ultra Pink' and 'Ultra Scarlet', which were much shorter than
their series companions. 'Ultra White' produced very large flowers, was free ofBotrytis flower
blight, but did lodge in heavy rain. 'Ultra Sky Blue' was more a mid blue, and not as pale as it should
be to be called a "sky". 'Ultra Lilac' was introduced as the eighteenth 'Ultra' color.

This year 'Pink Wave' joined 'Purple Wave' as a creeping type petunia grown from seed. Differences
between 'Purple Wave' and 'Pink Wave' were apparent from the beginning of the season and
progressively became more pronounced. 'Purple Wave' was more aggressive in growth, maintained
a very low, flat and even canopy, tended to grow vegetatively then flower close to the terminals and
fill in back toward the crown. It also had very few flowers on December 31. 'Purple Wave' is known
to be a long day plant, however it will continue to flower, albeit less prolifically, if plant growth has
exceeded nine nodes before 8-hour days occur. 'Pink Wave' tended to be a bit more compact,
flowered more uniformly across the entire plant and produced a rolling canopy rather than flat habit.
'Pink Wave' also had many more flowers than 'Purple Wave' on December 31 (note final rating for
flowering compared to 'Purple Wave').

Salvia farinacea. (Blue Sage, Mealy Cup Sage). 'Reference', 'Signum', and 'Victoria' were
stunning landscape items in the spring (Howe and Waters, 1997b), and were again at their peak
performance this fall. These cultivars were rated early on October 29; and ratings exemplify the fact
that 'Victoria' was quicker to come into fullness of flower and produced larger fuller plants than
'Signum' or 'Reference'. The blue- and white-bicolored flowers of 'Reference' were a nice
complement to the 'Signum' and 'Victoria' in the adjoining plots with their solid-colored flowers.










'Victoria' was slightly taller and wider than the other two, as it was in the spring of 1997. All three
of these cultivars were very attractive and free-flowering at their peak. The final ratings taken on
December 31 reflect the durability of these salvias in the landscape. 'Victoria' was clearly in better
condition at the end of the season.

Salvia splendens. (Scarlet Sage). The 'Salsa' salvia series introduced last year by Goldsmith
consisted of four new, vibrant colors this year: 'Salsa Light Purple', 'Salsa Purple', 'Salsa Rose' and
'Salsa Rose Bicolor', bringing the series up to ten colors. These colors bring added versatility to the
series for landscapers. All but three 'Salsa' cultivars received overall ratings of 9.0. 'Salsa Salmon'
plants were petite and not full, as was 'Salsa Salmon Bicolor'. 'Salsa Scarlet' was also shorter than
most 'Salsa' cultivars, but had excellent landscape appeal late in the season. It was one of two Salvia
splendens types which was still acceptable for landscape use on December 31. 'Salsa Scarlet Bicolor'
was very vigorous and bushy (the tallest Salvia splendens in trial) with striking red- and white-striped
flowers.

Of the 'Vista' series, 'White Vista' was the shortest Salvia splendens and also had the shortest flower
spikes, but was fairly bushy for a white salvia. On average when rated on October 29, the 'Vista'
group was a few days later to flower and had fewer flower spikes than the 'Salsa' series. 'Red Vista'
was one of two Salvia splendens that remained suitable for landscape use by the end of the trial on
December 31. 'Purple Vista' and 'Lavender Vista' were the best performing colors in the series,
both in ratings and the divergence of flowering. 'Purple Vista' was very compact and had very dark
green leaves, but the flowers were a bit couched in the foliage. 'Lavender Vista' also had very dark
green leaves on compact, columnar plants.

Tagetes erecta. (African or American Marigold). Marigolds started to peak October 17 and were
rated on October 29 after a heavy rain which pushed over flowers in all plots of African type
marigolds. The 'Antigua' and the 'Discovery' series were not that different from one another in
ratings and plant dimensions. However, the 'Antigua' cultivars did provide slightly larger flowers
and, except for 'Antigua Gold', flowered a few days earlier than the 'Discovery' cultivars. Flower
shattering was obvious for 'Antigua Primrose' and 'Discovery Orange'.

Tagetes patula. (French Marigold). 'Little Hero Flame' was the best performing 'Little Hero' due
to superior to excellent ratings, earliness and a low divergence of flowering. Ratings for the other
'Little Hero' colors were very good to excellent. Flower size in the series varied by as much as one-
half inch. 'Little Hero' cultivars were earlier and more dwarf than the 'Safari' series, but the 'Safari'
series had larger flowers and lower divergence of flowering on average. The only weak cultivar in
the 'Safari' series was 'Safari Tangerine', which had much larger plants than the other colors and
contributed to its breaking open in heavy rainfall. 'Safari Bolero' and 'Safari Red' had slight
inconsistencies in floral color from plant to plant.

Tagetes =s.. (Triploid or Mule Marigold). The two 'Zenith' cultivars withstood heavy rainfall
poorly as evidenced by low ratings for lodging on October 29. Divergence of flowering for these two
was poor, ranging from two to three weeks.










Verbena x hybrid. 'Quartz', a mildew-resistant, prostrate verbena, was impressive in season-long
performance. 'Quartz Mix' and 'Quartz Scarlet' produced very vigorous, dense spreading plants
covered with vibrantly-colored flowers. This species was rated before fullness of flower, so that the
ratings are slightly lower than those which would have been assigned later in the season.

SUMMARY

Outstanding performance based on superior to excellent overall ratings (9 or above) for the fall of
1997 was exhibited by: Begonia 'Eureka Bronze Rose', 'Senator White', 'Super Olympia Coral',
'Super Olympia Pink', and 'Victory Green Leaf Pink'; Capsicum 'Red Rooster Spur'; Catharanthus
'Blue Pearl', 'Peppermint Cooler Improved', 'Heat Wave Grape', 'Heat Wave Peppermint', 'Heat
Wave White', the entire 'Pacifica' series; Eustoma 'Florida Pink', 'Lisa Blue', 'Lisa Pink'; Gazania
'Daybreak Red Stripe'; Helianthus 'Pacino'; Petunia 'Aladdin Cherry', 'Aladdin Lilac', 'Aladdin
Pink', 'Aladdin Salmon', 'Aladdin Sky Blue','Aladdin White','Dreams Neon Rose', 'Dreams Pink',
'Dreams Pink Vein', 'Dreams Salmon', 'Dreams White','Fantasy Blue', 'Fantasy Pink', 'Pearls Deep
Rose', 'Pearls Light Salmon', 'Pearls Rose & White', 'Pearls White', 'Prism Salmon', 'Prism
Sunshine', 'Prism White', 'Primetime Rose', 'Lavender Storm', 'Salmon Storm','Pink Wave'; Salvia
farinacea 'Victoria'; Salvia splendens 'Salsa Burgundy', 'Salsa Light Purple', 'Salsa Rose', 'Salsa
Salmon', 'Salsa Salmon Bicolor', 'Salsa Scarlet', 'Salsa Scarlet Bicolor', 'Lavender Vista', 'Purple
Vista'; Tagetes 'Antigua Gold', 'Antigua Orange', 'Discovery Yellow', 'Little Hero Flame', 'Little
Hero Yellow', 'Safari Gold', 'Safari Red', 'Safari Yellow'. Many of these cultivars were recently
released to the bedding plant industry.

The author's favorites were: Petunia 'Dreams Salmon' and 'Primetime Light Blue', 'Salmon Storm'
and Tagetes 'Little Hero Flame'.

NOTE

The information contained in this report is a summary of experimental results and does not provide
recommendations for crop production. Where trade names are used, no discrimination is intended
or endorsement implied.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The author thanks Ball Seed Co., E. Benary Seed, Bodger Seeds Ltd., Daehnfeldt, Floranova, G.
S. Grimes, Goldsmith Seeds, Florida Nurserymen & Growers Assoc., Oglevee, PanAmerican Seed,
Sakata Seed America, S&G Seeds/Novartis, Suncoast Greenhouses, Inc. and Waller Flowerseed for
their financial support during 1997 and 1998.

LITERATURE CITED

Howe, T. K. and W. E. Waters. 1996. Summary of flowering bedding plant trials, spring 1996.
GCREC-Bradenton Res. Rept. BRA1996-16.








8

Howe, T. K. and W. E. Waters. 1997a. Summary of flowering bedding plant trials, fall and
winter 1996-1997. GCREC-Bradenton Res. Rept. BRA1997-10.

Howe, T. K. and W. E. Waters. 1997b. Summary of flowering bedding plant trials, spring 1997.
GCREC-Bradenton Res. Rept. BRA1997-17.

Stanley, C. D. 1997. Weather report for 1996, Gulf Coast Research and Education Center,
Bradenton, FL. Bradenton GCREC Res. Rept. BRA1997-11.








8

Howe, T. K. and W. E. Waters. 1997a. Summary of flowering bedding plant trials, fall and
winter 1996-1997. GCREC-Bradenton Res. Rept. BRA1997-10.

Howe, T. K. and W. E. Waters. 1997b. Summary of flowering bedding plant trials, spring 1997.
GCREC-Bradenton Res. Rept. BRA1997-17.

Stanley, C. D. 1997. Weather report for 1996, Gulf Coast Research and Education Center,
Bradenton, FL. Bradenton GCREC Res. Rept. BRA1997-11.








8

Howe, T. K. and W. E. Waters. 1997a. Summary of flowering bedding plant trials, fall and
winter 1996-1997. GCREC-Bradenton Res. Rept. BRA1997-10.

Howe, T. K. and W. E. Waters. 1997b. Summary of flowering bedding plant trials, spring 1997.
GCREC-Bradenton Res. Rept. BRA1997-17.

Stanley, C. D. 1997. Weather report for 1996, Gulf Coast Research and Education Center,
Bradenton, FL. Bradenton GCREC Res. Rept. BRA1997-11.








8

Howe, T. K. and W. E. Waters. 1997a. Summary of flowering bedding plant trials, fall and
winter 1996-1997. GCREC-Bradenton Res. Rept. BRA1997-10.

Howe, T. K. and W. E. Waters. 1997b. Summary of flowering bedding plant trials, spring 1997.
GCREC-Bradenton Res. Rept. BRA1997-17.

Stanley, C. D. 1997. Weather report for 1996, Gulf Coast Research and Education Center,
Bradenton, FL. Bradenton GCREC Res. Rept. BRA1997-11.







9

Table 1. Seed suppliers with designations referenced in Table 3.


Company/Supplier Designation

American Takii TAK
301 Natividad Road, Salinas, CA 93906
E. Benary Seed of America, Inc. BEN
1444 Larson Street, Sycamore, IL 60178
Bodger Seeds, Ltd. BOD
1800 No. Tyler Avenue, So. El Monte, CA 91733-3618
Daehnfeldt DFT
P.O. Box 947, Albany, OR 97321
Floranova FLO
P.O. Box 1362, 106 Third Street, San Juan Bautista, CA 95045
Goldsmith Seeds GLD
P.O. Box 1349, 2280 Hecker Pass Hwy., Gilroy, CA 95020
Highwoods Nursery, Inc. HWN
144 North Rifle Road, Winter Haven, FL 33880
PanAmerican Seed PAN
622 Town Road, West Chicago, IL 60185-2698
S&G Seeds/Novartis S&G
5300 Katrine Avenue, Downers Grove, IL 60515
Sakata Seed America SAK
18095 Serene Drive, Morgan Hill, CA 95037
University of Florida UF
GCREC, 5007 60th Street East, Bradenton, FL 34203
Waller Flowerseed Co. WAL
P.O. Box 70, Guadalupe, CA 93434



Table 2. Temperature and rainfall at the GCREC during the fall of 1997 and the 43-year
averages (Stanley, 1997).


Average Daily Temperature (oF)
Maximum Minimum Rainfall (in.)
Month 19972 43-yr avg 19972 43-yr avg 19972 43-yr avg

September 91 90 71 71 11.10 8.15
October 85 85 63 64 2.62 2.98
November 78 79 57 58 9.40 2.02
December 73 74 54 52 11.94 2.30










Table 3. Observations of assorted flowering bedding plants, Fall 1997.


Field Date of Divergence Flowe r" Plant Plant" Ratings'
Genus species (Common Name) Seed Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant
Cultivar Source' Date Date Flower' Flowering' (in.) (in.) (in.) Uniformity Floweringu Lodging Overall' Flower Color'

Begonia semperflorens (Fibrous-rooted Begonia)
Eureka Series


Bronze Rose
Bronze Scarlet
Bronze White
Rose
Scarlet
White
Senator Series
Deep Rose
Pink
Rose
Scarlet
White
Super Olympia Series
Coral
Pink
Red
Rose
White
Victory Series


S&G 7-11 9-22 10-26 19
S&G 7-11 9-22 10-25 22
S&G 7-11 9-22 10-24 41
S&G 7-11 9-22 10-12 22
S&G 7-11 9-22 10-24 12
S&G 7-11 9-22 10-18 28

DFT 7-11 9-22 10-13 23
DFT 7-11 9-22 10-20 31
DFT 7-11 9-22 10-16 29
DFT 7-11 9-22 10-23 21
DFT 7-11 9-22 10-4 34

FLO 7-11 9-22 10-18 29
FLO 7-11 9-22 9-28 16
FLO 7-11 9-22 10-15 18
FLO 7-11 9-22 10-27 16
FLO 7-11 9-22 10-11 24


Bronze Leaf Pink GLD 7-11 9-22 10-6 23
Bronze Leaf Scarlet GLD 7-11 9-22 10-24 35 1.3
Bronze Leaf White GLD 7-11 9-22 10-7 27
Green Leaf Bicolor GLD 7-11 9-22 9-25 4
Green Leaf Pink GLD 7-11 9-22 9-23 12
Green Leaf Rose GLD 7-11 9-22 10-3 16
Green Leaf Scarlet GLD 7-11 9-22 10-4 11
Brachycome iberidifolia (Swan River Daisy)
Bravo Series
Deep Blue with Black Centre BEN 7-25 9-22 10-1 14
Violet with Black Centre BEN 7-25 9-22 9-26 37
White with Black Centre BEN 7-25 9-22 9-28 14
Capsicum annuum (Ornamental Pepper)
Red Rooster Spur HWN 8-1 9-16 10-11 5


4.9
6.7
7.0
6.6
6.1
5.5

4.3
4.9
4.2
4.0
6.1

6.4
6.3
NM
5.4
6.3

5.8
6.9
4.4
4.7
5.5
5.8
4.8


4.5
3.3
6.5


6.7 9.0/8.5 8.0/8.5 NR
9.1 6.5/7.5 6.5/9.0 NR
8.5 8.0/8.0 4.0/6.5 NR
8.9 9.0/8.5 8.0/9.5 NR
7.2 8.0/8.5 8.0/8.5 NR
8.3 9.0/NR 7.0/9.0 NR

6.8 6.0/9.0 5.5/8.0 NR
6.5 7.5/7.5 7.5/8.5 NR
6.7 7.5/8.0 7.5/8.0 NR
6.4 7.5/9.0 8.0/8.0 NR
8.5 8.0/10.0 8.0/10.0 NR

7.6 7.5/8.0 8.0/9.0 NR
8.5 7.0/9.0 8.0/9.0 NR
NM NR/NR NR/8.0 NR
7.6 8.0/8.0 7.5/8.0 NR
6.8 9.0/8.0 8.0/8.0 NR

7.7 8.0/8.0 8.5/7.0 NR
8.5/9.0 8.5/7.0 NR 8.5/8.0
7.3 8.5/8.5 9.0/8.0 NR
7.6 8.0/8.5 7.0/9.0 NR
8.2 8.0/9.0 8.5/9.0 NR
9.1 7.5/8.0 8.0/9.0 NR
7.0 7.5/8.0 8.0/8.5 NR


7.5 7.5
6.0 6.5
8.6 8.0


10.0
9.5
9.0


9.0/9.0
6.0/8.0
8.0/6.0
8.5/9.0
8.0/8.0
8.0/9.0

6.0/8.0
7.0/8.0
7.5/8.0
8.0/8.0
8.0/10.0

8.0/9.0
7.5/9.0
NRi7.0
8.0/8.0
8.5/8.0

8.0/7.0
scarlet
8.5/8.0
7.0/8.0
8.0/9.0
7.0/8.0
7.0/7.0


7.0
6.0
8.0


dk pink
scarlet
white
pink
scarlet
white

dk rose
pink
dk pink
scarlet
white

dk red
pink
red
rose
white

pink

white
rose & white bicolor
It pink
v dk rose
scarlet


bl-pur w/blk disc
red-pur w/blk disc
white w/blk disc


22.0 10.0/9.0 (NR/10.0) 10.0/10.0 10.0/10.0 white (red fruit)


(2.3/0.4) 17.1










Catharanthus roses (Vinca or Periwinkle)
Apricot Delight WAL 7-25 9-22 9-22 9
Blue Pearl PAN 7-25 9-22 9-21 10
Peppermint Cooler Improved PAN 7-25 9-22 9-26 11
Heat Wave Series
Grape BOD 7-25 9-22 9-24 10
Orchid BOD 7-25 9-22 9-22 15
Peppermint BOD 7-25 9-22 9-20 7
Pink BOD 7-25 9-22 9-29 16
White BOD 7-25 9-22 9-23 10
Pacifica Series
Blush WAL 7-25 9-22 9-29 9
Lilac WAL 7-25 9-22 9-19 9
Orchid WAL 7-25 9-22 9-24 21

Pink WAL 7-25 9-22 9-20 12
Polka Dot WAL 7-25 9-22 9-24 12
Punch WAL 7-25 9-22 9-27 7
Red WAL 7-25 9-22 10-1 12
White WAL 7-25 9-22 9-26 9
Eustoma grandiflorum (Lisianthus)
Florida Series
Blue UF 7-11 9-11 10-16 30
Light Blue UF 7-11 9-11 10-14 40
Pink UF 7-11 9-11 10-21 17
Lisa Series
Blue PAN 7-11 9-11 10-12 14
Pink PAN 7-11 9-11 10-5 8
Mermaid Series
Blue SAK 7-11 9-11 10-22 21
Pink SAK 7-11 9-11 10-27 23


Tiara Series
Pink
Purple
Gazania cigens
Daybreak Red Stripe
Helianthus annugs (Sunflower)
Pacino
Ocimum basilicum (Basil)
Sweet Dani
Petunia x hybrida
Aladdin Series (grandiflora)
Blue


TAK 7-11 9-11 10-21 30
TAK 7-11 9-11 10-25 28

PAN 7-25 9-16 9-20 13

BEN 8-22 9-22 10-14 4

PAN 8-14 9-11 10-13 7


8.6 10.9 9.0
12.3 15.7 9.0
9.0 11.7 8.5


NM
8.3
NM
10.5
8.5


NM 9.0
8.6 8.5
NM 9.0
11.5 8.0
10.0 8.0


9.9 12.9 10.0
NM NM 9.0
9.5 11.8 8.0


7.0 8.5
10.8 9.0
12.7 9.0
9.3 8.5
10.9 8.5


7.9 9.0 7.5
7.2 7.6 7.5
7.4 7.6 9.0

6.5 7.1 9.0
6.6 6.6 10.0

6.7 7.0 9.0
6.8 7.9 8.5


8.2 8.0
7.9 7.0


2.3 5.1 8.2 9.0


7.7 25.7


17.7 9.0


25.0 NM 9.0


8.5
8.5
9.0

9.0
8.5
8.5
8.0
9.5

8.5
9.0
9.5

9.5
8.0
8.5
8.5
9.0


8.0
8.0
8.5

8.5
10.0

8.0
7.0

7.5
7.0

8.5

10,0

NR


10.0
10.0
10.0

10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0

10.0
10.0
10.0

10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0


10.0
10.0
10.0

10.0
10.0

10.0
10.0

10.0
10.0


9.0
9.5
9.0

9.0
8.5
9.0
8.0
9.0

9.0
9.0
9.0

9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0


8.0
7.0
9.0

9.0
10.0

7.0
8.0

8,0
7.0


It peach
lav w/white eye
wh w/red eye

red-pk w/rose eye
rose w/white eye
white w/red eye
2 tone pink
white

pink w/lg rose eye
red-violet w/rose eve
dk magenta w/sm wh
eye
dk swirl pink
white w/eye
dk rose w/lg red eye
dk carmine red
white w/pink eye


dk purple
It purple
It pink

mid blue
dk pink

mid blue
It pink

It pink
dk purple


NR 9.0 gold w/mah stripes

8.0 9.0 gold-yellow


7.0 7.0


white


BOD 8-1 9-16 10-9 6 2.4 -. 8.6 NM 9.0


7.0 9.0 8.0 dk purple











Blue Ice
Burgundy
Cherry
Lilac
Peach Morn
Pink
Pink Mom
Red
Salmon
Sky Blue
White
Dream Series (grandiflora)
Burgundy
Midnight
Neon Rose
Pink
Pink Vein
Red
Rose
Salmon
White
Fantasy Series (milliflora)
Blue
Carmine
Crystal Light Salmon
Crystal Red
Ivory
Pink
Pink Morn
Red
Salmon
Horizon Series multifloraa)


BOD 8-1
BOD 8-1
BOD 8-1
BOD 8-1
BOD 8-1
BOD 8-1
BOD 8-1
BOD 8-1
BOD 8-1
BOD 8-1
BOD 8-1

PAN 8-1
PAN 8-1
PAN 8-1
PAN 8-1
PAN 8-1
PAN 8-1
PAN 8-1
PAN 8-1
PAN 8-1

GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1


Flame FLO 8-1
Pastel Coral w/Pale Throat FLO 8-1
Red FLO 8-1
Red Halo FLO 8-1


Pearl Series multifloraa)
Deep Rose
Light Salmon
Rose & White
Royal Blue


FLO 8-1
FLO 8-1
FLO 8-1
FLO 8-1


9-16 10-6 11
9-16 10-5 11
9-16 10-8 2
9-16 10-9 4
9-16 10-1 6
9-16 9-28 16
9-16 9-30 9
9-16 10-8 4
9-16 9-24 10
9-16 10-9 9
9-16 10-2 7

9-16 10-9 13
9-16 10-6 7
9-16 9-26 9
9-16 10-5 11
9-16 10-3 14
9-16 10-7 2
9-16 10-2 11
9-16 9-24 4
9-16 9-22 10

9-16 9-27 21
9-16 9-21 8
9-16 9-19 5
9-16 9-21 11
9-16 9-22 14
9-16 9-19 2
9-16 9-18 4
9-16 9-21 7
9-16 9-18 2

9-16 9-21 9
9-16 9-28 14
9-16 9-20 4
9-16 9-24 5


9-16 10-6 7
9-16 10-6 5
9-16 9-25 14
9-16 10-8 4


10.0
6.5
5.6
10.5
6.3
8.9
9:0
6.5
8.5
12.4
11.6

8.5
10.7
11.1
7.5
11.9
6.3
9.8
9.6
11.1

7.9
7.1
6.5
7.5
6.6
6.3
5.6
6.8
5.7

6.4
9.1
7.6
10.0


13.4
9.9
12.7
13.6


NM 9.0
NM 8.0
NM 10.0
NM 9.5
NM 9.0
NM 8.5
NM 10.0
NM 8.5
NM 8.0
NM 9.0
NM 9.5

NM 8.5
NM 9.0
NM 8.5
NM 10.0
NM 8.5
NM 10.0
NM 10.0
NM 10.0
NM 10.0

11.1 9.0
11.5 8.5
10.1 10,0
10.2 8.0
10.1 8.0
9.2 9.0
9.8 8.5
8.9 8.5
10.0 10.0

NM 9.0
NM 8.0
NM 8.0
NM 10,0


NM 10.0
NM 9.0
NM 10.0
NM 8.5


7.5
7.5
8.0
8.5
8.0
8.5
8.0
8.0
9.0
9.0
8.5

8.5
8.5
9.0
8.5
9.0
7.5
8.0
9.0
8.5

9.5
6.0
7.5
7.5
7.5
8.5
8.0
8.0
7.5

7.0
9.0
7.0
5.0


9.0
9.0
10.0
7.5


10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
8.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0

10.0
7.0
10.0
10.0
9.0
10.0
10.0
9.0
8.0

10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0

10.0
9.0
10.0
9.0


8.0
9.0
8.0
10.0


lay w/vein
burgundy w/vein
dk cherry
dk grape w/wh thrt
pale pk w/lg wh thrt
rose w/wh thrt
It pink w/lg wh thrt
red
dk coral w/wh thrt
mid purple
white

burgundy
dk purple
plum
dk pink
It pink wlrose vein
red
rose
dk salmon
white

dk purple
dk orchid
It pk w/rose vein
mid pk w/rose vein
ivory
rose w/wh thrt
It pk, yel ctr, wh halo
red w/wh thrt
dk red-salmon

red
It pk w/cream thrt
red
dk rose w/yel ctr, wh
halo

dk rose w/wh thrt
It sal w/wh thrt
rose w/wh thrt
dk purple










Tahitian
White
Prism Series (grandiflora)
Bright Rose
Salmon
Sunshine
White
Primetime Series multifloraa)
Lavender
Light Blue
Mid Blue
Rose
Scarlet
Storm Series (grandiflora)
Lavender
Pink
Salmon
White
Ultra Series (grandiflora)
Blue
Lilac
Pink
Scarlet
Sky Blue
White
Wave Series (creeping)
Pink
Purple
Salvia farinacea (Blue Sage)
Reference
Signum
Victoria
Salvia splendens
Salsa Series
Burgundy
Light Purple
Purple
Rose
Rose Bicolor
Salmon
Salmon Bicolor


FLO 8-1 9-16 10-5 9
FLO 8-1 9-16 10-7 26


FLO 8-1
FLO 8-1
FLO 8-1
FLO 8-1

GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1

GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1

GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1


9-16 9-21 6
9-16 9-27 12
9-16 10-8 7
9-16 9-22 10

9-16 9-21 7
9-16 9-22 8
9-16 10-5 17
9-16 9-27 11
9-16 10-3 9

9-16 9-28 16
9-16 9-20 8
9-16 9-23 12
9-16 9-26 8

9-16 9-30 12
9-16 9-22 5
9-16 9-22 5
9-16 10-3 14
9-16 9-27 16
9-16 9-27 9


PAN 8-1 9-16 10-8 4
PAN 8-1 9-16 10-10 7


BOD 8-1
BOD 8-1
BEN 8-1


GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1
GLD 8-1


9-22 10-20 17
9-22 10-22 15
9-22 10-24 34


9-22 10-28 11
9-22 10-26 5
9-22 10-27 10
9-22 10-25 10
9-22 10-28 14
9-22 10-21 8
9-22 10-21 19


1.6
2.1

2.4
2.5
2.4
2.7

1.8
2.0
1.7
1.9
1.6

2.1
2.1
2.2
2.4

2.4
2.3
2.5
2.4
2.3
2.8

2.1
1.9

0.4/6.5
0.5/6.1
0.6/7.5


1.9/8.1
1.9/7.4
2.0/7.1
2.0/8.5
1.8/7.8
1.7/6.8
1.9/7.6


7.7 NM 10.0
12.9 NM 8.0

7.6 NM 9.5
9.6 NM 9.0
13.8 NM 9.0
11.1 NM 9.0

12.8 NM 9.5
13.2 NM 10.0
14.2 NM 9.5
8.0 NM 9.5
8.9 NM 9.5

12.7 NM 8.0
8.6 NM 7.5
8.0 NM 9.5
13.1 NM 9.5

12.1 NM 9.5
11.7 NM 9.0
6.5 NM 8.5
7.9 NM 9.0
11.8 NM 8.5
10.8 NM 9.0


NM 9.5/9.0
NM 10.0/9.0


16.4 15.8 7.5/8.0
15.8 16.8 9.0/7.5
20.3 17.8 8.5/9.0


16.7 NM 10.0
17.1 NM 10.0
15.5 NM 8.5
17.2 NM 9.0
18.2 NM 7.0
14.3 NM 9.5
14.3 NM 10.0


8.0
10.0

8.0
9.0
8.5
9.0

7.0
9.5
8.0
9.0
6.5

10.0
9.0
10.0
10.0

8.0
9.0
9.0
6.5
7.0
8.5


10.0
10.0

10.0
10.0
10.0
8.0

9.0
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.0

8.0
9.0
10.0
4.0

9.0
6.0
10.0
10.0
6.0
7.0


9.0/8.0 NR
8.0/5.0 NR


8.5/9.5
7.0/8.5
8.5/9.5


8.0
8.5
7.5
8.5
7.5
9.0
9.0


red w/wh thrt
white

rose
dk salmon
pale yel w/gold veins
white

grape w/wh thrt
It-mid purple
mid-pur w/wh thrt
rose
red w/wh thrt

grape w/wh thrt
rose w/wh thrt
salmon
white

dk purple
grape w/wh thrt
dk pk-rose w/wh thrt
red
mid pur w/wh thrt
white


9.0/7.0 pink
8.0/4.0 dk pur-rose


9.0/10.0 8.0/8.0
10.0/9.0 8.0/7.0
10.0/10.0 9.0/9.0


GLD 8-1 9-22 10-28 7 2.0/6.4 15.1 NM 9.5


dk blue & wh bicolor
blue & wh mix
blue


dk raspbeny
lavender
dk purple
dk coral
dk rose & wh bicolor
It-med salmon
It salmon & wh
bicolor


8.5 10.0 9.0 red


Scarlet











Scarlet Bicolor GLD 8-1 9-22 10-28 4
White GLD 8-1 9-22 10-26 10
Vista Series
Lavender PAN 8-1 9-22 10-25 9
Purple PAN 8-1 9-22 10-31 8
Red PAN 8-1 9-22 10-31 21
White PAN 8-1 9-22 10-30 14
Tagetes erecta (African or American Marigold)
Antigua Series


Gold
Orange
Primrose
Yellow
Discovery Series
Orange
Yellow
Tagetes patula (French Marigold)
Little Hero Series
Fire
Flame
Orange
Yellow
Safari Series
Bolero
Gold
Queen
Red
Tangerine
Yellow
Tagetes M. (Triploid Marigold)
Zenith Series
Lemon Yellow
Mixed
Verbena x hybrida
Quartz Series
Formula Mix
Scarlet


GLD 8-9 9-11 10-10 11
GLD 8-9 9-11 10-4 4
GLD 8-9 9-11 10-3 9
GLD 8-9 9-11 10-5 1.1

BOD 8-9 9-11 10-10 7
BOD 8-9 9-11 10-8 5


BOD 8-9 9-11 9-19 15
BOD 8-9 9-11 9-17 5
BOD 8-9 9-11 9-24 15
BOD 8-9 9-11 9-21 19

BOD 8-9 9-11 9-30 8
BOD 8-9 9-11 9-28 17
BOD 8-9 9-11 9-30 8
BOD 8-9 9-11 10-3 15
BOD 8-9 9-11 9-26 1
BOD 8-9 9-11 9-28 6


FLO 8-9 9-11 9-21 15
FLO 8-9 9-11 9-22 22


PAN 8-1 9-22 10-13 19
PAN 8-1 9-22 10-17 9


1.9/7.2 20.7 NM 9.5
1.6/7.1 19.4 NM 8.0


1.8/7.4 17.4
1.9/6.8 14.4
1.9/6.4 15.3
1.6/4.8 14.1


2.8 10.7
2.9 9.7
2.8 8.6
2.7 7.9

2.5 8.1
2.6 8.9


1.9 9.3
1.9 10.5
2.4 11.I
2.0 11.4

2.3 14.
2.3 13.(
2.2 11.
2.3 12.
2.6 15.
2.4 14..


2.6 12.
NM 12.(


0.7/2.2 5.8
0.8/2.1 6.1


3




9


NM 9.0
NM 9.0
NM 8.0
NM 8.5


13.4 9.0
13.6 10.0
12.0 8.0
11.4 8.5

10.9 8.0
13.1 9.0


17.3 9.5
17.5 9.0
18.8 8.0
18.4 9.5

19.4 9.5
17.7 8.5
17.1 8.0
17.6 9.0
23.4 9.0
16.4 10.0


4 19.6 8.0
) 18.8 9.0


13.7 8.5
16.2 9.0


8.0
8.0

8.5
7.5
7.0
7.5


10.0
10.0
10.0
9.5

9.5
10.0


9.0
9.5
10.0
10.0

10.0
9.5
9.0
10.0
10.0
10.0


10.0
9.0


7.5
7.0


10.0
10.0

10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0


8.0
8.0
8.0
8.0

8.0
9.0


9.0
10.0
9.0
9.5

8.0
9.0
9.0
10.0
5.0
9.0


4.0
5.0


NR
NR


scarlet & wh bicolor
cream-white

It purple
dk purple
scarlet
cream-white


gold
orange
It yellow
brt yellow

orange
yellow


gold & mah bicolor
org & mah bicolor
orange
yellow

gold & red bicolor
gold
orange & mah base
red
orange
yellow


yellow
mix


mix
red


zSource is not necessarily the developer. Refer to Table 2 for source designations.
YAbbreviations: DNF =did not flower. Divergence of flowering was the number of days between when the first plant in the plot flowered until the last.
xFruit size (length/diameter) for Capsicum. Verbena = flower diameter/head diameter; Salvia = flower diameter/spike length. DNF = did not flower.
"NM = not measured.








15

'Rating: 10 = excellent, 9 = superior, 8 = very good, 7 = good, 6 = fair, 1 = very poor, 0 = all dead. NR = not rated. Multiple ratings in chronological order.
"Density and distribution rating. Capsicum rated for fruit coverage.
'Rating: 10 = no lodging, 1 = plants flattened to ground. NR = not rated. Multiple ratings in chronological order.
'Inclusive rating for appearance and vigor: 10 = excellent, 9 = superior, 8 = very good, 7 = good, 6 = fair, 1 = very poor, 0 = all dead. NR = not rated. Multiple ratings in chronological
order.
'Abbreviations: bl = blue; blk = black; brt = bright; ctr = center; dk = dark; lay = lavender; Ig = large; It = light; Ivs = leaves; mah = mahogany; med = medium; org = orange; pk = pink; pur
= purple; sal = salmon; sm = small; thrt = throat; v = very; w/ = with; wh = white; yel = yellow.








The Gulf Coast Research and Education Center


The Gulf Coast Research and Education Center is
a unit of the Institute of Food and Agricultural Sci-
ences, University of Florida. The Research Center
originated in the fall of 1925 as the Tomato
Disease Laboratory with the primary objective of
developing control procedures for an epidemic out-
break of nailhead spot of tomato. Research was ex-
panded in subsequent years to include study of sev-
eral other tomato diseases.

In 1937, new research facilities were established
in the town of Manatee, and the Center scope was
enlarged to include horticultural, entomological, and
soil science studies of several vegetable crops. The
ornamental program was a natural addition to the
Center's responsibilities because of the emerging in-
dustry in the area in the early 1940's.

The Center's current location was established in
1965 where a comprehensive research and extension
program on vegetable crops and ornamental plants is
conducted. Three state extension specialists posi-
tions, 16 state research scientists, and two grant
supported scientists from various disciplines of
training participate in all phases of vegetable and
ornamental horticultural programs. This interdisci-
plinary team approach, combining several research
disciplines and a wide range of industry and faculty
contacts, often is more productive than could be ac-
complished with limited investments in independent
programs.


The Center's primary mission is to develop new
and expand existing knowledge and technology, and
to disseminate new scientific knowledge in Florida, so
that agriculture remains efficient and economically
sound.

The secondary mission of the Center is to assist
the Cooperative Extension Service, IFAS campus
departments, in which Center faculty hold appropri-
ate liaison appointments, and other research centers
in extension, educational training, and cooperative
research programs for the benefit of Florida's pro-
ducers, students, and citizens.

Program areas of emphasis include: (1) genetics,
breeding, and variety development and evaluation;
(2) biological, chemical, and mechanical pest manage-
ment in entomology, plant pathology, nematology,
bacteriology, virology, and weed science; (3) produc-
tion efficiency, culture, management, and counteract-
ing environmental stress; (4) water management and
natural resource protection; (5) post-harvest physiol-
ogy, harvesting, handling and food quality of horti-
cultural crops; (6) technical support and assistance to
the Florida Cooperative Extension Service; and (7)
advancement of fundamental knowledge of disciplines
represented by faculty and (8) directing graduate
student training and teaching special undergraduate
classes.


Location of
GCREC Bradenton


IFAS IS:
" The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences,
University of Florida.
Q A statewide organization dedicated to teaching,
research and extension.
" Faculty located in Gainesville and at 13 research
and education centers, 67 county extension
offices and four demonstration units throughout
the state.
D Partnership in food and agriculture, and natural
and renewable resource research and education,
funded by state, federal and local government,
and by gifts and grants from individuals, founda-
tions, government and industry.
O An organization whose mission is:
Educating students in the food, agricultural,
and related sciences and natural resources.
Strengthening Florida's diverse food and
agricultural industry and its environment
through research.
Enhancing for all Floridians, the application
of research and knowledge to improve the
quality of life statewide through IFAS exten-
sion programs.