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Summary of flowering bedding plant trials
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 Material Information
Title: Summary of flowering bedding plant trials
Series Title: Bradenton GCREC research report
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Gulf Coast Research and Education Center (Bradenton, Fla.)
University of Florida -- Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Publisher: University of Florida.
Place of Publication: Bradenton Florida
Creation Date: 1997
Frequency: irregular
completely irregular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Bedding plants -- Varieties -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Bedding plants -- Field experiments -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Spring 1994-
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Winter 1997-1998.
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: oclc - 62677465
lccn - 2005229094
System ID: UF00054205:00006

Table of Contents
    Copyright
        Copyright
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Materials and methods
        Page 1
    Results and discussion
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Summary
        Page 7
    Reference
        Page 8
    Tables
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
    The gulf coast research and education center
        Page 21
Full Text





HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida








\ UNIVERSITY OF
e o FLORIDA
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


Marston Scip-,
Li hr -
JUN 0 31998

Gulf Coast ResearVeUf iAt MAt0er
5007 60th Street East, Bradenton, FL 34203
GCREC-Bradenton Research Report BRA-1997-17


SUMMARY OF FLOWERING BEDDING
PLANT TRIALS
Spring 1997


T. K. Howe and W. E. Waters









GCREC Research Report BRA1997-17


SUMMARY OF FLOWERING BEDDING PLANT TRIALS SPRING 1997

T. K. Howe and W. E. Waters'
Gulf Coast Research and Education Center
University of Florida, IFAS
5007 60th St. East
Bradenton, FL 34203


The performance of flowering bedding plant cultivars in demonstration plots has been evaluated two
to three times a year at the Gulf Coast Research and Education Center in Bradenton, FL since 1982.
In the spring (March June) season of 1997, 300 entries from 23 genera, supplied by 14 companies
and the University of Florida, were examined in unreplicated nine-plant plots. This trial allowed the
variety trials program coordinator, along with interested growers, seed companies, landscapers,
breeders, and extension service master gardeners to view new releases from commercial breeders
and to make preliminary assessments of cultivar suitability for use in central Florida.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Seeds were sown in a peat:vermiculite medium (see below) and germinated under environmental
conditions as required for each species. Seedlings were transplanted to Todd(R planter flats (1.5 x
1.5 x 2.5 inch cells, model 128) filled with peat:vermiculite medium (1:l,v:v) amended with
dolomite, super-phosphate, and hydrated lime at 11.3, 5.6, and 2.8 lb/cu yd, respectively. Plants
were treated with soluble fertilizers, as appropriate, after the appearance of the first true leaf. Plants
were not given plant growth regulators.

Beds of EauGallie fine sand were raised and formed, with NutricoteR) 14-14-14 (180 day release)
slow release fertilizer broadcast across the width of the bed at a rate of 83 lb/1000 sq ft which was
incorporated three to four inches, fumigated (methyl bromide: chloropicrin, 66:33) and covered with
white on black polyethylene film. Finished beds were 2.7 ft wide and 8 inches high on 5 ft centers.
Irrigation water was supplied by subsurface seepage from lateral ditches spaced every 42 ft.

Transplants were taken to the field when roots were well developed and filled the containerized cells
of the planter flats. Transplants, based on estimated mature dimensions, were placed in beds on 12
inch centers in three rows across each bed with nine plants per plot (staggered layout), or on 9 inch
centers in three rows across the bed with nine plants per plot. Dates for sowing and field planting
are included in the trial summary table. Pesticides were used preventively or on demand for
lepidopterous larvae, thrips, bacterial and fungal pathogens. Rhizoctonia and Phytophthora
infections were identified in some species during the course of the field trial.


1Research Program Coordinator and Center Director, respectively.


September











This flower trial emphasized the performance of cultivars in ground beds under full sun, therefore
no manipulation of the plants such as the application of growth retardants or pinching of the apical
buds was undertaken. However, old flowers were routinely removed from the cutting geraniums.
A complete listing of companies which contributed seed and the designation of each company as
referenced in the summary table are found in Table 1.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

Average maximum daily temperatures were six degrees above normal during March, but near or at
normal in April, May, and June (Table 2). Average minimum daily temperatures were also higher
than normal in March, while near or at normal in April, May, and June. Rainfall was above normal
all season. Particularly unusual was the record- breaking rainfall in April, which was nearly seven
inches above the 42-year average.

The following discussion highlights and augments the information found in Table 3. Focal points
of the discussion will include those entries with superior performance or those that were new
introductions.

Amaranthus tricolor. (Love Lies Bleeding). By mid April 'Aurora' plants segregated for size by
color. Two-thirds of the plants were light yellow and were very dwarf (less than 3 inches), while
the remaining third of the plants were medium green and were tall (greater than 3 feet). The green
plants survived through early June and displayed prominent butter yellow leaves at the plants' apex.
This coloration did not manifest itself until very late in the season (May). 'Tricolor Splendens
Perfecta' had leaves which were mahogany red at the base and green at the tips. The colors were
consistent, but muted throughout the season. Plants of both cultivars were nearly three feet tall in
early May. By early June plants were going to seed and past their prime.

Begonia semperflorens. (Fibrous-rooted Begonia). Thirty-two fibrous-rooted begonia cultivars
entries achieved only fair performance ratings in early June. Rhizoctonia infection of begonia plants
caused some losses. Ratings of begonias for overall performance ignored plant losses due to
Rhizoctonia, since no real differences among the cultivars were discernable with respect to the
disease severity. Divergence of flowering was under two weeks for all colors of the green leaved
selections of the 'Victory' series and only 8 days for the cultivar 'Vodka'. Flowering ratings were
best for the 'Encore' series, whereas plant uniformity was best for the 'Victory' series. 'Encore', a
more vigorously growing series of plants, produced the tallest and widest plants. The 'Eureka',
'Prelude', 'Super Olympia' and 'Victory' series were very similar in plant dimensions. A unique
new color introduction, 'Victory Green Leaf Bicolor', had rose flowers with a prominent white
center.

Brachycome iberidifolia. (Swan River Daisy). These tumbleweed-like plants had finely textured
foliage and small daisy-like flowers similar to Dahlberg daisy. Flowers of the 'Bravo' series were
vibrantly colored in reddish-purple, white and a dark bluish-purple, all with striking black centers.
Flowering was erratic, but provided superior to excellent coverage for 'Bravo Violet with Black
Centre' and 'Bravo White with Black Centre'. Landscape longevity was not good as plants died










prematurely as the season progressed; however, this area of the field had been diagnosed with
Rhizoctonia in surrounding begonia and vinca.

Browallia speciosa major. 'Cascade Beauties Blue', unlike its name, did not cascade, and the seed
supplier, G. S. Grimes, is considering a name change. 'Cascade Beauties Blue' had exceptional
landscape performance. Plants were well filled out and globe-shaped (12 x 9.5 inches) with dark
green leaves. Half inch flowers were dark purple with distinct white centers.

Catharanthus roses. (Vinca, Periwinkle). Unusual colors dominated the vinca plots this season.
The most unusual new floral colors came from: 'Blue Pearl' which had pale bluish-lavender flowers
with a prominent white eye and yellow center; and 'Sunsplash Papaya' which had very dark
reddish-orange flowers with a prominent white and yellow eye. These breakthroughs in vinca color
provide a greater versatility in vinca color landscaping. 'Heat Wave' was introduced as a new series
last year and was impressive in earliness to flower and divergence of flowering; however, color
selections within the series had differing growth habits. 'Heat Wave Orchid' was not as compact
as the others in the series. Rhizoctonia retarded initial growth of the vinca area, but overall superior
performance or better throughout the season was evident for: 'Blue Pearl', 'Grape Cooler', 'Icy Pink
Cooler', 'Pink Cooler', 'Raspberry Red Cooler', 'Rose Cooler', 'Strawberry Cooler', 'Heat Wave
Orchid', 'Heat Wave Peppermint', 'Heat Wave White', 'Sunsplash Papaya' and 'Sunsplash Bright
White'.

Celosia cristata. (Cockscomb Celosia). 'Prestige Scarlet' is a 1997 All-America Selections award
winner and lived up to its status. Plants had a unique green foliage with a distinct bronze margin and
an abundance of scarlet cockscombs. This cultivar is a multiflora, so it was uniformly covered with
flowers. Plants were 10 inches tall and 14 inches wide with combs that were about 2 inches across.
'Prestige Scarlet' received very good ratings in early May for flowering and uniformity, which then
improved in early June. The plants were bushy, full, vigorous and sturdy.

Coreopsis tinctoria. (Tickseed). 'Premium Red' coreopsis had erratic flowering and irregular flower
coverage initially. The eventual showiness of the cultivar did not sustain itself for an appreciable
time in the landscape, being ready for removal from the beds by early June.

Dianthus chinensis. (Pinks). 'Award Frosted Mix' was the only D. chinensis type dianthus in trial.
All ratings were superior for the season. Surprisingly for a cool season species, it did well into the
heat of early June.

Dianthus hybrid. (Pinks). The 'Floral Lace' series were the only D. hybrida cultivars in trial.
'Floral Lace Light Pink' and 'Floral Lace Picotee' had overall ratings of 9.5; and 'Floral Lace
Cherry', and 'Floral Lace Violet Picotee' had overall ratings of 9 for the season. Four of the colors
had divergence of flowering of one week or less. The 'Floral Lace' series did well into the heat of
early June.

Eustoma grandiflorum. (Lisianthus). Of the nine lisianthus entries evaluated, two were dwarf, 'Blue
Lisa' and 'Pink Lisa'. These cultivars flowered much earlier than all of the remaining entries, so











they also reached their peak performance and declined ahead of the others. The 'Tiara' series was
later than the others which meant peak appearance was also delayed. Ratings for all lisianthus reflect
their seasonal performance, so the ratings do not reflect the early decline of the 'Lisa' cultivars or
the lateness of the 'Tiara' cultivars. All cultivars struggled with Rhizoctonia infection throughout
the season, which probably contributed to uneven plant sizes in the plots. This unevenness was the
most noticeable problem in the lisianthus area. Best overall performance came from the 'Florida'
series.

Gazania splendens. 'Daybreak Red Stripe' is a 1998 Fleuroselect Gold Medal winner and continues
the award winning tradition of other colors in the 'Daybreak' series. This unique cultivar had bright
yellow flowers boldly striped with mahogany red. 'Daybreak Red Stripe' got an overall rating of
8 for the season, due to slightly uneven plant sizes, flowering and the single plant which bore solid
yellow flowers.

Helianthus annuus. (Sunflower). Two cultivars 'Del Sol' and 'Pacino' were very different in
performance. As much as 'Del Sol' was a disaster, 'Pacino' was a success. 'Pacino' is a dwarf
cultivar that was a very pleasant surprise. It behaved as a multiflora, producing numerous five-inch
flowers on 22-inch plants. It remained free of foliar disease, was sturdy in heavy rains, and secured
superior overall ratings for the season. 'Del Sol' should have produced full-sized (5-6 ft) plants, but
gave only 19 inch plants. It is a possibility that 'Del Sol' was not suitable for transplant production
and "stalled" its growth while in the transplant flat.

Ipomopsis rubra. (Prairie cypress). 'Presidio Pink', 'Presidio Red Shades', and 'Presidio Yellow
Shades' are not included in the table because so many plants were lost to Rhizoctonia. However,
surviving plants were impressive very late in the season. Flowering did not occur until early June,
but was worth the wait. The long spikes were heavily laden with one-inch tubular flowers. The
plants were reminiscent of fennel with its soft, finely textured foliage. Elegant as a cut flower, the
plants were about two feet tall and tended to lodge.

Lobelia erinus. All 'Palace' cultivars are of the upright, compact lobelia growth habit. The
diminutive flowers were 0.6 inches in diameter for all colors in the series. Lack of plant uniformity
and vigor, along with plant mortality brought overall ratings down for this series.

Melampodium paludosum. The dwarf 'Derby' performed well early in the season (late April), but
progressively became poorer through early June, primarily due to sustained plant losses. Flowering
was excellent on one foot tall plants throughout the season.

Nicotiana alata. (Flowering tobacco). Two exceptional nicotianas vied with each other for
excellence in performance. Both 'Starship Cherry Blossom' and 'Merlin Peach' were very uniform,
free-flowering, weather resistant, and offered pleasing pastel floral colors. Decline started in early
June. 'Starship Cherry Blossom' will be sold as 'Hummingbird Cherry Blossom'.

Pelargonium x hortorum. (Geranium, cutting). Many of these cultivars were already in flower at the
time of planting the field, therefore the date of first flower was obscured. So the reported first flower










date in Table 3 was modified for cutting geranium to give an indication of earliness of flowering.
Where a percentage appears under date of first flower, this indicates the percentage of plants in
flower at the time the plants were brought to the field. Where a date appears, none were in flower
at planting time; they flowered entirely in the field. The best peak season performance (May 6)
came from: 'Designer Bright Red', 'Designer Dark Red', 'Designer Lilac Chiffon', 'Designer Pink
Parfait', 'Designer Purple Rose', 'Designer Red', 'Designer Salmon Rose', 'Gypsy', 'Lollipop',
'Sweet Tempation', 'Valentine' and 'White Truffle'. While 'Sweet Temptation', 'White Truffle',
and 'Valentine' had smaller plants, they were very uniform and showy. 'Lollipop' was very
impressive, with very attractive, solid dark green leaves giving a striking contrast to the large scarlet
flowers. The 'Designer' series was a well-matched, attractive series. They had outstanding garden
performance through early May and did reasonably well thereafter as the days became warmer.

Pelargonium x hortorum. (Geranium, seed). Overall ratings are lower than for the cutting
geraniums because many plants began to die upon flowering. The causal agent was not diagnosed,
but the presence of Rhizoctonia in other species in the trial lead to speculation that these pathogens
played a role. A couple of the most impressive seed geraniums, were 'Blueberry Ripple' and
'Strawberry Ripple'.

Petunia x hybrid. One hundred seven cultivars were evaluated. One-third of the assorted bedding
plant trial area was devoted to petunias this spring. The vast majority performed very admirably,
even despite the repeated heavy rains. Several newcomers were evaluated. 'Dreams Appleblossom',
a gorgeous new grandiflora from PanAmerican produced large, 3.2-inch, yellow throated, creamy-
pink flowers. 'Carmine Madness' and 'Royal Madness' bring the 'Madness' multiflora series from
Ball to 19 individual colors. 'Carmine Madness' was one of the earliest petunias to flower. 'Royal
Madness' has very dark reddish purple flowers which faded to a creamy purple. A new series,
'Hurrah', debuted with six colors: blue, pink, pink vein, rose star, salmon, and white. 'Hurrah Blue'
did extremely well in response to heavy rain, due to the fact that it assumed a cascading habit evenly
and heavily filled with dark purple flowers. It was rated better after the heavy rains than before.
'Hurrah White' seemed to have good tolerance to Botrytis flower blight, which was remarkable
because several other cultivars reputed to have Botrytis resistance were heavily infested. 'Fantasy
Carmine' and 'Fantasy Crystal Red' expand the milliflora 'Fantasy' series from Goldsmith to ten
colors. 'Fantasy Carmine' had a more vigorous habit than the other 'Fantasy' colors. However,
Goldsmith intends to "bulk up" the 'Fantasy' series with a somewhat larger plant, but still covered
with the unique, petite flowers. The 'Fantasy' series as a group had excellent field performance.
'Storm White', a Goldsmith grandiflora petunia, has joined 'Storm Salmon', 'Storm Pink' and
'Storm Lavender' which have repeatedly garnered excellent reviews in recent trials. 'Ultra Lilac',
also a grandiflora from Goldsmith, was introduced as the eighteenth 'Ultra' color. It had flowers
which started out a pink-lavender which later faded to lighter shades, ultimately giving a multicolor
appearance. Of the cultivars not newly introduced several stood out with weather tolerance:
'Aladdin Blue', 'Carpet Bright Red', 'Celebrity Blue', 'Celebrity Burgundy', 'Celebrity Pink Mom',
'Purple Wave', 'Bravo Blue', 'Double Madness Sheer', 'Fantasy Blue', 'Fantasy Pink', and 'Fantasy
Red'.










Phlox drummondii. Only a single phlox was in trial this spring, but it was fabulous. 'Premium
Scarlet' from Grimes provided numerous orange-scarlet flowers on small globe shaped plants. These
plants only got better as the season progressed. It was very heat and weather tolerant.

Portulaca grandiflora. (Moss Rose). Portulaca transplant production was difficult this season and
consequently less than desirable plants went to the field. Overall ratings reflect the fact that plants
never fully recovered from the curtailed growth in the greenhouse. A better indication of
performance was gained from rating remaining plants for flower coverage and plant uniformity.
While plant vigor was lacking, plants maintained a reasonable degree of plant uniformity and
flowering. The 'Sundial' series outperformed the 'Sunnyside' series. 'Sundial Mango' was a new
addition to the 'Sundial' series last year. The pale apricot flowers are a nice complement to some
of the vibrantly hued colors offered by the rest of the series cultivars. The newcomer also received
the best ratings of all 'Sundial' entries.

Rudbeckia hirta. (Black-eyed Susan). Thirty percent of'Sonora' plants were dead before flowering
began the end of May. Plants were robust and dark green and bore large 3-inch gold and mahogany
red bicolor flowers. The ray petals were red closest to the disc and gold on the tips. Ratings were
low due to erratic and sparse flowering as well as plant losses.

Salvia farinacea. (Blue Sage, Mealy Cup Sage). 'Reference', 'Salvia Signum', and 'Victoria' were
stunning landscape items. These cultivars were later to flower than most of the other species in trial,
but well worth the wait. The blue and white bicolored flowers of 'Reference' were a nice
complement to the 'Salvia signum' and 'Victoria' in the adjoining plots with their dark purple-blue
flowers. 'Victoria' was slightly taller and wider than the other two. All three of these cultivars were
very attractive and free-flowering.

Salvia splendens. (Scarlet Sage). The 'Salsa' salvia series introduced last year by Goldsmith had
four new vibrant colors released this year: 'Salsa Light Purple', 'Salsa Purple', 'Salsa Rose' and
'Salsa Rose Bicolor'. Not one of these new colors received below a 9.5 out of a possible 10 in
overall performance rating. Other notable performers were 'Firecracker Red' and 'Landscaper
Bright Scarlet' both from Grimes, and 'Red Vista' from Pan American.

Tagetes erecta. (African or American marigold). Marigolds peaked in early May when the first set
of ratings were assigned. Late season ratings in early June gave an indication of longevity and show
that the more dwarf 'Discovery' series held up better than the 'Antigua' series.

Tagetes spatula. (French marigold). All French marigolds were still in prime condition in early June
after coming into peak production a month earlier. Best performance in May came from
'Troubadour Yellow' and the two series, 'Bonanza' and 'Safari'. Later, overall ratings were best
for the 'Bonanza' series. 'Little Hero' cultivars were the earliest to flower and also the most dwarf.

Verbena x hybrid. 'Quartz', a mildew resistant verbena, was superb in early May, producing very
vigorous, thick, spreading plants covered with vibrantly colored flowers. This species is not heat
tolerant and declined with the increasingly warm and rainy weather.










Zinnia angustifolia. (Creeping zinnia). This species is well known for its heat tolerance and weather
resistance. 'Starbright Mix' did indeed hold up well in warm, wet weather. Plants of 'Starbright
Mix' were full and robust, nearly 12 by 12 inches, with many small, 1.4-inch daisy-like flowers in
a streaked golden orange and white.

SUMMARY

Outstanding performance based on the above superior to excellent overall ratings (9 or above) for
the spring of 1997 came from: Begonia 'Encore Pink', 'Encore White/Bronze', 'Stara Deep Rose',
'Victory Bronze Leaf White', 'Victory Green Leaf Pink', 'Victory Green Leaf Rose'; Browallia
'Cascade Beauties Blue'; Catharanthus 'Blue Pearl', 'Grape Cooler', 'Icy Pink Cooler', 'Pink
Cooler', 'Raspberry Red Cooler', 'Rose Cooler', 'Strawberry Cooler', 'Heat Wave Orchid', 'Heat
Wave Peppermint', 'Heat Wave White', 'Sunsplash Bright White', 'Sunsplash Papaya'; Celosia
'Prestige Scarlet'; Dianthus 'Floral Lace Cherry', 'Floral Lace Light Pink', 'Floral Lace Picotee',
'Floral Lace Violet Picotee', 'Award Frosted Mix'; Eustoma 'Florida Pink'; Helianthus 'Pacino';
Nicotiana 'Starship Cherry Blossom', 'Merlin Peach'; Pelargonium 'Gypsy', 'Lollipop', 'Sweet
Temptation', 'Valentine', 'White Truffle', 'Designer Bright Red', "Designer Dark Red', 'Designer
Lilac Chiffon', 'Designer Pink Parfait', 'Designer Purple Rose', 'Designer Red', 'Designer Salmon
Rose'; Petunia 'Aladdin Blue', 'Aladdin Salmon', 'Bravo Blue', 'Carpet Blue', 'Carpet Bright Red',
'Celebrity Burgundy', 'Celebrity Chiffon Mom', 'Celebrity Pink Mom', 'Celebrity Red', 'Celebrity
Scarlet', 'Dreams Red', 'Dreams Salmon', 'Eagle Red', 'Fantasy Blue', 'Fantasy Carmine', 'Fantasy
Crystal Light Salmon', 'Fantasy Ivory', 'Fantasy Pink', 'Fantasy Red', 'Fantasy Salmon', 'Hurrah
Pink', 'Purple Wave'; Phlox 'Premium Scarlet'; Salviafarinacea 'Reference', 'Salvia signum',
'Victoria'; Salvia splendens 'Firecracker Red'; 'Landscaper Bright Scarlet', 'Red Vista', 'Salsa
Burgundy', 'Salsa Light Purple', 'Salsa Purple', 'Salsa Rose', 'Salsa Rose Bicolor', 'Salsa Salmon',
'Salsa Salmon Bicolor', 'Salsa Scarlet', 'Salsa Scarlet Bicolor', 'Salsa White', 'Sizzler Salmon
Bicolor'; Tagetes 'Bonanza Bee Improved', 'Bonanza Orange Improved', 'Bonanza Yellow
Improved', 'Little Hero Orange', 'Safari Yellow', 'Troubadour Yellow'; Verbena 'Quartz Formula
Mix', 'Quartz Scarlet'; Zinnia angustifolia 'Starbright Mix'. Many of these cultivars were recently
released to the bedding plant industry.

The authors' favorite was: Petunia 'Purple Wave'.

NOTE

The information contained in this report is a summary of experimental results and does not provide
recommendations for crop production. Where trade names are used, no discrimination is intended
or endorsement implied.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

The authors thank Ball Seed Co., E. Benary Seed, Bodger Seeds Ltd., Daehnfeldt, Floranova, G. S.
Grimes, Goldsmith Seeds, Oglevee, Pan American Seed, Sakata Seed America, S&G Seeds, and
Waller Flowerseed for their financial support during 1997.










LITERATURE CITED

Stanley, C. D. 1996. Weather report for 1995, Gulf Coast Research and Education Center,
Bradenton, Florida. Bradenton GCREC Res. Rept. BRA1996-6.




Table 1. Seed suppliers with designations referenced in Table 3.


Company/Supplier

American Takii
301 Natividad Road, Salinas, CA 93906
Ball FloraPlant
622 Town Road, West Chicago, IL 60185-2698
Ball Seed
622 Town Road, West Chicago, IL 60185-2698
E. Benary Seed of America, Inc.
1444 Larson Street, Sycamore, IL 60178
Bodger Seeds, Ltd.
1800 No. Tyler Avenue, So. El Monte, CA 91733-3618
Daehnfeldt
P.O. Box 947, Albany, OR 97321
Floranova .
100 Breen Raod, San Juan Bautista, CA 95045
Goldsmith Seeds
P.O. Box 1349, 2280 Hecker Pass Hwy.,Gilroy, CA 95020
G. S. Grimes Seeds
11335 Concord-Hambden Road, Concord, OH 44077
PanAmerican Seed
622 Town Raod, West Chicago, IL 60185-2698
S&G Seeds
5300 Katrine Avenue, Downers Grove, IL 60515
Sakata Seed America
18095 Serene Drive, Morgan Hill, CA 95037
University of Florida
GCREC, 5007 60th Street East, Bradenton, FL 34203
Waller Flowerseed Co.
P.O. Box 70, Guadalupe, CA 93434
Vaughan's
5300 Katrine Avenue, Downer's Grove, IL 60515


Designation

TAK

BFP

BAL

BEN

BOD

DFT

FLO

GLD

GRM

PAN

S&G

SAK

UF

WAL

VAU


-~--







9
Table 2. Temperature and rainfall at the GCREC during the spring of 1997 and the 42-year averages
(Stanley, 1996).


Average Daily Temperature (F)
Maximum Minimum Rainfall (in.)
Month 1997z 42-yr avg 1997z 42-yr avg 19972 42-yr avg

March 84 78 61 55 4.50 3.45
April 81 82 60 60 8.78 1.83
May 87 87 66 64 3.27 2.86
June 90 89 70 70 7.22 7.96








Table 3. Observations of assorted flowering bedding plants, Spring 1997.


Field Date of Divergence Flower" Plant W Plant' Ratings
Genus species (Common Name) Seed Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant
Cultivar Source' Date Date Flower' Flowering' (in.) (in.) (in.) Uniformity" Flowering"" Lodgingt Overall' Flower Color'


Amaranthus tricolor (Love Lies Bleeding)
Aurora SAK 1-22 3-18 DNF DNF
Tricolor Splendens Perfecta SAK 1-22 3-18 DNF DNF


DNF
DNF


35.3 NM 6.5
37.3 NM 8.5


Begonia semperflorens (Fibrous Begonia)
Atlanta Series


Atlanta Rose
Atlanta White
Encore Series
Encore Pink
Encore Red
Encore White
Encore Pink/Bronze
Encore Red/Bronze
Encore White/Bronze
Eureka Series
Eureka Bronze Rose
Eureka Bronze Scarlet
Eureka Bronze White
Eureka Rose
Eureka Scarlet
Eureka White
Partyfun
Prelude Series


FLO 1-13 3-25 4-7
FLO 1-13 3-25 4-6


BLL 1-22 3-25 4-19 12
BLL 1-22 3-25 4-25 26
BLL 1-22 3-25 4-26 32
BLL 1-22 3-25 5-1 20
BLL 1-22 3-25 5-2 20
BLL 1-22 3-25 4-28 14

VAU 1-22 3-25 5-2 19
VAU 1-22 3-25 5-12 30
VAU 1-22 3-25 -
VAU 1-22 3-25 5-2 28
VAU 1-22 3-25 4-30 25
VAU 1-22 3-25 4-30 27
BEN 1-13 3-25 4-13 19


Prelude Pink BLL 1-22 3-25 4-15 14
Prelude Rose BLL 1-22 3-25 4-18 21
Prelude Scarlet BLL 1-22 3-25 4-23 32
Prelude White BLL 1-22 3-25 4-18 13
Stara Deep Rose FLO 1-13 3-25 5-4 14
Super Olympia Series
Super Olympia Pink BEN 1-13 3-25 4-21 18
Super Olympia Red BEN 1-13 3-25 4-26 24
Super Olympia Rose BEN 1-13 3-25 4-25 21
Super Olympia White BEN 1-13 3-25 4-27 7
Victory Series
Victory Bronze Leaf Pink GLD 1-22 3-25 4-29 27
Victory Bronze Leaf Scarlet GLD 1-22 3-25 5-2 23
Victory Bronze Leaf White GLD 1-22 3-25 4-15 13


NM NM NR
NM NM NR


12.4
10.9
10.4
9.3
8.9
8.7


11.6 8
11.7 7.5
12.2 7.5
9.4 6.5
9.1 7.5
9.5 8


5.8 7.0 8.5
4.9 5.9 8.5
6.0 7.0 8
6.5 8.3 7.5
7.2 8.8 7.5
7.4 9.6 8.5
7.9 6.9 8.5

6.9 9.5 7.5
5.3 7.0 8
5.5 7.0 8.5
5.3 7.3 8
9.1 8.8 8.5

5.9 6.3 8.5
6.2 7.5 8
4.8 5.1 6.5
NM NM NR

5.1 6.2 8
5.7 6.5 8
5.0 7.4 8.5


Rose
White

Rose
Red
White
Pink
Red
White

Rose
Red
White
Pink
Scarlet
White
Mix

Lt pink
Dk pink
Scarlet
White
Rose

Pink
Scarlet
Dk rose
White

Lt pink
Red
White






Victory Green Leaf Bicolor GLD 1-28 3-25 4-17 12
Victory Green Leaf Pink GLD 1-28 3-25 4-12 11
Victory Green Leaf Rose GLD 1-28 3-25 4-23 14
Victory Green Leaf Scarlet GLD 1-28 3-25 4-20 14
Vodka BEN 1-13 3-25 4-28 8


8.1 8
8.4 9
9.4 9
6.6 6.5
6.3 8


Rose w/wh ctr
Lt pink
Dk pink
Scarlet
Scarlet


Brachvcome iberidifolia (Swan River Daisy)
Bravo Series


Bravo Deep Blue with Black
Centre
Bravo Violet with Black
Centre
Bravo White with Black
Centre

Browallia speciosa major
Cascade Beauties Blue


BEN 1-17 3-18 4-9

BEN 1-17 3-18 4-5

BEN 1-17 3-18 4-3


GRM 1-17 3-11 4-11 5


Catharanthus roseus (Vinca or Periwinkle)
Blue Pearl PAA 1-17 3-25 4-16 18


Cooler Series
Blush Cooler
Grape Cooler
Icy Pink Cooler
Orchid Cooler
Peppermint Cooler Imp.
Pink Cooler

Raspberry Red Cooler

Rose Cooler

Strawberry Cooler
Heat Wave Series
Heat Wave Grape
Heat Wave Orchid
Heat Wave Peppermint
Heat Wave Pink

Heat Wave White

Sunsplash Series
Sunsplash Bright White
Sunsplash Papaya


PAA 1-17 3-25 4-25 21
PAA 1-17 3-25 4-23 16
PAA 1-17 3-25 4-16 16
PAA 1-17 3-25 4-24 17
PAA 1-17 3-25 4-22 14
PAA 1-17 3-25 4-25 14

PAA 1-17 3-25 4-12 9

PAA 1-17 3-25 5-2 14

PAA 1-17 3-25 4-24 10

BOD 1-17 3-25 4-16 4
BOD 1-17 3-25 4-10 7
BOD 1-17 3-25 4-10 7
BOD 1-17 3-25 4-21 11

BOD 1-17 3-25 4-10 12


GRM 1-17 3-25 4-15 14
GRM 1-17 3-25 4-18 11


24 0.7 8.1 10.0 7.5/7.5

16 0.7 7.0 9.6 9/9

18 0.8 7.3 9.5 8.5/8.5


0.5 11.8 9.8 9.5


1.9 11.9 18.0 8.5


1.9
1.8
1.9
2.1
1.8
1.7


7.5/7.5 8/8 7/5

10/10 8/8 9/5


Dk blue-pur w/blk ctr

Red-pur w/blk ctr


9/9 8/8 8.5/6.5 White w/blk ctr


9.5 10 9.5


8.5 10 9


11.3 18.1 8
14.8 21.3 9
12.3 21.8 9
11.0 18.4 8
10.9 15.6 9
12.8 20.0 9


1.9 11.0 15.9 10

1.8 11.9 16.5 10

1.7 12.1 19.6 9


8.5 10 9

9.5 10 9.5

9.5 10 9.5


10.3 17.4 8.0
14.4 17.3 9.0
12.8 18.9 10
12.8 17.5 8.5


1.7 12.5 19.4 9.5


9.0 10 9.5


11.6 19.8 9.0
12.9 17.8 9.5


Dk pur w/wh ctr


Lav w/prom wh eye &
yel ctr

V It pk w/rasp eye
Rosey pk rose eye
Lt pk w/med pk eye
Pur-rose
Wh w/rose eye
Med pk w/wh & yel eye

Dk red-pur w/wh eye
& yel ctr
V dk rose/pur w/
reddish ctr
Pk w/red eye

Rosy-vio w/red ctr
Pur-rose w/wh eye
White w/rose eye
Med pk & dk pk halo
& yel ctr (bi)
White, gold eye & pk
ring

White w/yellow ctr
V dk red-org w/wh &









Sunsplash White with Eye GRM 1-17 3-25

Celosia cristata (Cockscomb Celosia)
Prestige Scarlet SAK 1-24 3-18


4-27 24


3-18 0


2.0 12.2 19.0 9.0 8.5 10 7.5


2.9 11.3 14.3 8.5/9.5 8.5/9


10/9


yel eye
Peachy white w/rasp


Scarlet


Coreopsis tinctoria (Tickseed)
Premium Red

Dianthus chinensis (Pinks)
Award Frosted Mix


GRM 1-24 3-18


GRM 1-24 3-18


5-8 22 1.2 14.6 17.9 9.0


4-13 10


9.0 7


1.4 8.3 10.2 9


Dianthus hybrid (Pinks)
Floral Lace Series
Floral Lace Cherry BLL 1-24 3-18
Floral Lace Light Pink BLL 1-24 3-18
Floral Lace Picotee BLL 1-24 3-18
Floral Lace Purple BLL 1-24 3-18
Floral Lace True Rose BLL 1-24 3-18
Floral Lace Violet BLL 1-24 3-18
Floral Lace Violet Picotee BLL 1-24 3-18

Eustoma grandiflorum (Lisianthus)
Florida Series
Florida Blue UF 1-13 4-10
Florida Light Blue UF 1-13 4-10
Florida Pink UF 1-13 4-10
Lisa Series


Lisa Blue
Lisa Pink
Mermaid Series
Mermaid Blue
Mermaid Pink
Tiara Series
Tiara Pink
Tiara Purple


Gazania splendens
Daybreak Red Stripe


Helianthus annus (Sunflower)
Del Sol
Pacino


PAA 1-13 4-10
PAA 1-13 4-10

VAU 1-13 4-10
VAU 1-13 4-10

TAK 1-13 4-10
TAK 1-13 4-10


PAA 1-24 3-11


PAA 2-12 3-11
BEN 2-12 3-11


4-9 16
4-5 7
4-14 5
4-12 3
4-17 10
4-16 1
4-15 12


5-16 8
5-17 11
5-22 12

5-10 10
5-5 14

5-19 15
5-22 14

5-28 9
5-20 7


4-11 15


4-19 23
4-14 14


8.7 7.7 8.5
8.2 7.5 8.5
7.7 6.2 8.5

4.9 4.8 7.5
5.5 5.0 6.0


V dk cherry red
Lt pink
Red-pur & white shades
Dk red-purple
Dk rose
Dk red-purple
Red-pur w/white rim


Dk blue
Lt blue
Lt pink

Blue
Rose pk

Blue
Lt pink

Lt pink
Blue


10.7 8.6 8.5
9.8 8.1 9


2.1 8.1 11.4 8


18.7 12.1 7
22.4 NM 9


7.5 NR


Yellow w/red streak


Gold
Gold


Dk brick red






Lobelia erinus
Palace Series
Palace Blue
Palace Blue with Eye
Palace White
Royal Palace

Melampodium paludosum
Derby


BOD 1-17 3-18
BOD 1-17 3-18
BOD 1-17 3-18
BOD 1-17 3-18


BEN 1-24 3-11


4-21
4-7
4-14
4-12


18
24
14
29


7.6 6.5
4.6 8.5
6.4 8.0
7.5 8.0


Dk elec blue w/brz Ivs
Dk pur blue w/wh eye
White
Dk pur-blue


3-24 11 1.2 12.4 14.5 8.5/8.5/7 10/10/10 10/10/10 9/7/5


Gold


Nicotiana alata (Flowering Tobacco)
Merlin Peach FLO 1-24 3-11


Starship Cherry Blossom


BLL 1-24 3-11


4-7 9 2.3 15.7 NM 9.5/8

4-9 4 2.0 19.4 NM 10/9.5


NR/9


10/10 NR/8


10/7 Pale pch w/grn under-
sides
10/8.5 Lt pink w/dk pk
undersides


Pelargonium x hortorum (Geranum cutting)
Angela OGL N/A 3-11
Elizabeth OGL N/A 3-11
Gypsy OGL N/A 3-11
Julia OGL N/A 3-11
Lollipop OGL N/A 3-11
Lucille OGL N/A 3-11
Marilyn OGL N/A 3-11
Maureen OGL N/A 3-11
Medallion Dark Red OGL N/A 3-11
Melody Red OGL N/A 3-11
Sincerely Yours OGL N/A 3-11
Sincerity OGL N/A 3-11
Sweet Temptation OGL N/A 3-11
Valentine OGL N/A 3-11
White Truffle OGL N/A 3-11
Yours Truly OGL N/A 3-11


Design Series
Designer Bright Red
Designer Bright Scarlet
Designer Dark Red
Designer Light Salmon
Designer Lilac Chiffon
Designer Pink Parfait
Designer Purple Rose
Designer Red
Designer Salmon Rose
Designer White
Galleria Ruby Red


BFP N/A 3-11
BFP N/A 3-11
BFP N/A 3-11
BFP N/A 3-11
BFP N/A 3-11
BFP N/A 3-11
BFP N/A 3-11
BFP N/A 3-11
BFP N/A 3-11
BFP N/A 3-11
BFP N/A 3-11


44%
44%
44%
3-17
11%
3-18
3-18
67%
3-26
3-24
11%
3-21
3-19
22%
11%
3-25

56%
67%
89%
56%
78%
67%
89%
67%
67%
89%
67%


1.6/3.3
1.5/4.2
1.6/3.5
1.9/3.9
1.9/5.5
1.4/3.0
1.4/3.3
1.4/3.1
2.0/5.1
1.8/4.8
1.9/4.9
1.6/4.6
1.8/4.1
1.8/4.1
1.9/4.0
1.8/4.5

1.6/4.9
1.9/4.9
1.9/4.4
1.9/4.1
1.6/4.4
1.8/4.6
1.8/4.5
2.0/4.5
2.1/5.1
2.1/4.5
1.8/3.3


8.7
9.0
8.9
8.8
10.0
10.6
10.7
7.1
8.7
7.9
10.0
9.2
6.6
7.8
7.1
8.7

11.3
9.9
9.4
8.6
12.6
9.1
9.9
10.0
9.2
9.5
7.4


12.4 9.5
13.6 9.5
16.6 10
13.5 8.5
12.8 8.5
11.7 10
12.2 9.5
8.8 9.5
11.9 9.0
10.8 9.0
10.1 9.0
14.1 9.5
8.2 10
10.5 9.5
8.2 9.5
11.9 9.0

12.0 10
10.5 9
11.4 10
13.5 8.5
15.9 10
13.2 9.5
13.1 9.5
14.2 9.0
14.1 9.5
13.1 9.0
12.1 10.0


Lt pink
Scarlet
Lt pink
Dk salmon
Brt red
Dk org coral
Dk pink
Dk salmon w/crm ctr
Brt red
Scarlet
Scarlet
Org-scarlet
Dk pk w/crm ctr
Dk pk w/red blotch
White
Scarlet

Bright cherry red
Scarlet
Dk cherry
Lt pk salmon
Lav-pk
Dk pk w/red freckle
Dk cherry
Scarlet
Cherry-rose
White
Bright ruby







Pelargonium x hortorum (Geranium, seed)
Horizon Coral Glow FLO 1-17 3-25
Maverick Series
Maverick Coral GLD 1-28 3-25
Maverick Light Salmon GLD 1-28 3-25


Maverick Pink
Maverick Red
Maverick Scarlet
Maverick Star

Maverick White
New Wave White Blush
Ripple Series
Blueberry Ripple
Raspberry Ripple
Strawberry Ripple

Saturn Red Flare

Petunia x hvbrida
Aladdin Series
Aladdin Blue
Aladdin Blue Ice
Aladdin Burgundy
Aladdin Cherry
Aladdin Lilac
Aladdin Peach Mom

Aladdin Pink
Aladdin Pink Morn

Aladdin Red
Aladdin Salmon
Aladdin Sky Blue

Aladdin White
Bravo Series
Bravo Blue
Bravo Pink
Bravo Pink Flair

Bravo Pink Veined
Bravo Red


GLD 1-28 3-25
GLD 1-28 3-25
GLD 1-28 3-25
GLD 1-28 3-25

GLD 1-28 3-25
GRM 1-17 3-25

FLO 1-17 3-25
FLO 1-17 3-25
FLO 1-17 3-25

GRM 1-17 3-25


BOD 1-24 3-11
BOD 1-24 3-11
BOD 1-24 3-11
BOD 1-24 3-11
BOD 1-24 3-11
BOD 1-24 3-11

BOD 1-24 3-11
BOD 1-24 3-11

BOD 1-24 3-11
BOD 1-24 3-11
BOD 1-24 3-11

BOD 1-24 3-11

S&G 1-24 3-11
S&G 1-24 3-11
VAU 1-24 3-11

VAU 1-24 3-11
S&G 1-24 3-11


5-5 2 NM


5-8
5-7

5-15
5-10
5-8
5-6


5-10 12
5-5 2

5-7 4
5-12 28
5-11 12


NM NM NR


NR 4


1.2/3.5 10.6 11.2 NR
1.1/3.1 10.9 11.1 NR


1.1/3.3
1.5/3.6
1.3/3.6
1.4/3.9


8.6
8.8
9.8
12.6


9.0 NR
10.0 NR
9.2 NR
15.4 NR


1.4/3.6 10.6 9.9 NR
1.1/4.0 11.3 12.8 NR


1.2/3.2
1.4/3.6
1.3/4.1


11.9 12.3 NR
10.6 11.3 NR
10.7 13.1 NR


5-15 13 1.5/4.0 11.7 10.4 NR


4-4
4-4
3-29
4-3
4-6
4-2


3-29 8
4-5 5


4-7
3-29
4-3


NM 9/9.5
NM 9/9
NM 9/9
NM 8.5/8
NM 10/9
NM 9/9


13.4 NM 9/9
12.8 NM 9/8.5

11.0 NM 8.5/8.5
12.8 NM 9.5/9
17.7 NM 8/8.5


4-1 14 3.8 16 NM 10/9


3-31 6
4-3 2
4-5 5

4-3 6
4-1 8


10.3 NM 9/9.5
12.4 NM 10/8.5
13.6 NM 9/8

13.3 NM 8.5/9
10.4 NM 9.5/9


9/9.5
9.5/8.5
9.5/8.5
9/8.5
10/9
10/8.5

10/9
10/9

9.5/8
10/9
10/8.5


NR 5


8/9
10/4
10/7
10/3
9/5
10/6

8/5
7/6

10/4
10/7
10/6


8.5/9.5
9.5/4
9.5/7
8.5/3
9.5/5
9.5/6

8/6
7.5/7

8.5/4
10/8
9/6


10/8.5 9.5/6 9/6


10/8.5
10/8.5
9/8.5


9.5/7.5 10/6
10/7 10/8


8.5/9
8.5/5
9/5

5/4
9.5/7


Org-red

Rose-org coral
V It salmon w/darker
eye
Dk pink
Red
Scarlet Red
V It pk w/dk pk edges
& blotch
White
V It pink

Pk w/streak
Lt pk w/streak
Dk pk w/red streaks
fades to It pk
Cherry-scarlet



V dk pur
Lt pur w/dk pur veins P
Dk red-pur w/dkr veins
Cherry
Pk-lav
Sal-pk rim, crm halo,
yel ctr
Dk pk w/wh thrt
Dk pk, crm halo, pale
yel thrt
Red
Dk sal w/yel thrt
Mid pur, fades to pale
crm pur
White

V dk purple
Dk pink
Pink rim, yel thrt w/sm
crm halo
Pk w/reddish vein







4-1 3 2.7 12.8 NM 10/9.5 10/9


Bravo White
Candypops Peppermint
Carpet Series
Carpet Blue
Carpet Bright Red
Carpet Buttercream
Carpet Pink
Carpet Rose

Carpet Sky Blue

Carpet White Improved
Celebrity Series
Celebrity Blue
Celebrity Blue Ice
Celebrity Burgundy
Celebrity Chiffon Mom

Celebrity Lilac
Celebrity Lilac Mor
Celebrity Neon

Celebrity Orchid Ice

Celebrity Peach Ice
Celebrity Pink
Celebrity Pink Mor

Celebrity Raspberry Ice
Celebrity Red
Celebrity Red Mor

Celebrity Rose Star
Celebrity Salmon
Celebrity Scarlet
Celebrity Sky Blue

Celebrity Strawberry Ice
Celebrity Summer Ice

Celebrity White
Celebrity Yellow


S&G 1-24 3-11
GRM 1-24 3-11

PAA 1-24 3-11
PAA 1-24 3-11
PAA 1-24 3-11
PAA 1-24 3-11
PAA 1-24 3-11

PAA 1-24 3-11

PAA 1-24 3-11

BOD 1-24 3-11
BOD 1-24 3-11
BOD 1-24 3-11
BOD 1-24 3-11

BOD 1-24 3-11
BOD 1-24 3-11
BOD 1-24 3-11

BOD 1-24 3-11

BOD 1-24 3-11
BOD 1-24 3-11
BOD 1-24 3-11

BOD 1-24 3-11
BOD 1-24 3-11
BOD 1-24 3-11

BOD 1-24 3-11
BOD 1-24 3-11
BOD 1-24 3-11
BOD 1-24 3-11

BOD 1-24 3-11
BOD 1-24 3-11

BOD 1-24 3-11
BOD 1-24 3-11


4-4 7
4-3 2


12.8 NM 10/9 9.5/8
15.9 NM 8.5/8.5 9.5/7.5


3-27
3-27
4-6
3-31
3-24


NM 9/9
NM 10/9.5
NM 7.5/8
NM 8/9
NM 10/9


3-28 5 2.4 15.1 NM 10/9.5


10/9
9.5/9
8.5/9
9/10
9.5/9


10/7
7/5

9.5/9
10/10
10/10
9.5/5
10/4


9.5/10 10/6


4-3 15 2.3 14.8 NM 9.5/8.5 9/9.5


4-2
3-27
4-5
4-4


14.9
12.3
9.2
12.1


4-7 1
3-24 6
3-31 6


NM 10/10
NM 9.5/9
NM 10/10
NM 9.5/9


13.5 NM 9/8.5
13.9 NM 8.5/9
15.4 NM 8.5/9


9.5/10
8.5/9
9/9
9.5/9

9/9.5
10/9
9/10


4-7 5 2.8 10.7 NM 8.5/8.5 6.5/8.5


3-27 9
3-25 2
4-3 10

3-31 7
3-29 9
4-7 2


3-26
3-23
3-30
4-6


13.8 NM 9.5/9
12.5 NM 10/9
12.5 NM 9/9

10.8 NM 7/8.5
7.1 NM 10/10
12.5 NM 8.5/9


14.9
10.9
11.4
15.2


3-31 11
3-31 10

4-4 10
3-30 8


NM 9/9
NM 9.5/8.5
NM 10/9
NM 8.5/8


10.4 NM 10/9
11.6 NM 8.5/9

12.8 NM 9/9
11.8 NM 7/8


9.5/9
10/9
9.5/8.5

9/9
9.5/8
8.5/8.5

9.5/9
10/9
9/8.5
9/9


10/5

7/9
10/5
10/10
10/9.5

10/5
9.5/4
10/3

10/4

10/5
10/5
10/9

10/7
10/10
10/8

8/4
10/7
10/9
8/5


6.5/6
6.5/5

9.5/9
10/9
8/8
8.5/6
9.5/5

9.5/6

9.5/5

7.5/9.5
8.5/6
9.5/9.5
9.5/8

9/5
9/4
9/4

6.5/4

9.5/4
10/5
9.5/8.5

6/7
9/8
8/8

8/5
8.5/7
9.5/8
8.5/5


9/8 10/10 9/7
8.5/8.5 10/5 8/5


9.5/9.5 9/5
9/8.5 10/9


thrt
Greenish white
Pk w/rose veins

V dk pur
Red
Pale yel w/gold veins
Dk pk w/wh thrt
V dk rosy pk w/wh
thrt
Mid pur, fades to It
crm pur
White

V dk pur
Lt pur w/dk pur veins
Dk red-pur w/pur veins
Pale pk, crm halo, It
yel thrt
Solid pink-lay
Pk w/crm ctr
Pur-rose w/gold thrt u
& brt wh halo
Pale lilac w/red-pur
veins
Lt sal w/dk sal veins
Dk pk w/crm thrt
Dk pk, gold thrt & wh
halo
Dk pk w/rose veins
Red
Rose w/yel thrt & wh
halo
Pur-rose & white star
Dk salmon
Red w/clear white thrt
Lt pur, sl fade to
creamy pur
Pk w/rose vein
V dk coral w/red vein,
sl fade
White
Lt crm yel w/gold veins


Bravo Salmon S&G 1-24 3-11


10/4 9.5/4 Rich med sal w/crm








Double Cascade Series
Double Cascade Burgundy PAA 1-24 3-11
Double Cascade Plum Vein PAA 1-24 3-11
Dream Series
Dreams Appleblossom PAA 1-24 3-11
Dreams Burgundy PAA 1-24 3-11
Dreams Midnight PAA 1-24 3-11
Dreams Neon Rose PAA 1-24 3-11
Dreams Pink PAA 1-24 3-11
Dreams Red PAA 1-24 3-11
Dreams Rose PAA 1-24 3-11
Dreams Salmon PAA 1-24 3-11
Dreams White PAA 1-24 3-11
Eagle Series
Eagle Blue SAK 1-24 3-11
Eagle Pink SAK 1-24 3-11
Eagle Red SAK 1-24 3-11
Eagle Salmon SAK 1-24 3-11
Fantasy Series
Fantasy Blue GLD 1-28 3-11
Fantasy Carmine GLD 1-28 3-11
Fantasy Crystal Light Salmon GLD 1-28 3-11


Fantasy Crystal Red
Fantasy Ivory
Fantasy Pink
Fantasy Pink Mom


GLD 1-28 3-11
GLD 1-28 3-11
GLD 1-28 3-11
GLD 1-28 3-11


Fantasy Red GLD 1-28 3-11
Fantasy Salmon GLD 1-28 3-11
Freedom Series
Freedom Blueberry vein GRM 1-24 3-11
Freedom Pink GRM 1-24 3-11
Freedom Raspberry Vein GRM 1-24 3-11
Hurrah Series
Hurrah Blue VAU 1-24 3-11
Hurrah Pink VAU 1-24 3-11
Hurrah Pink Vein VAU 1-24 3-11


Hurrah Rose Star
Hurrah Salmon
Hurrah White
Madness Series


VAU 1-24 3-11
VAU 1-24 3-11
VAU 1-24 3-11


4-10 5 3.9
4-8 15 4.2


14.4 NM 9/9.5
11.9 NM 9.5/9


4-3
4-3
3-28
3-27
3-31
4-2
4-1
3-31
4-3

3-30
3-31
4-2
3-31


13.2
11.7
14.2
13.3
11.4
9.3
12.4
11.7
14.1

11.6
11.2
8.8
13.3

8.4
8.6
7.9

9.1
7.5
6.7
6.9

7.6
7.5


3-30 9
3-30 0
3-26 2


3-31
3-29
3-26
3-24


3-25 3
3-26 2


3-30
3-31
3-29

3-28
3-31
4.2


4-2 10
3-29 4
4-3 2


NM 9/9
NM 10/8.5
NM 8.5/9
NM 9/8
NM 8/9.5
NM 9.5/9
NM 9/8
NM 8/9.5
NM 9/9

NM 10/9
NM 10/9
NM 10/9.5
NM 8.5/8

14.0 9.5/10
NM 10/10
14.6 10/10

14.8 10/10
16.0 9.5/10
13.7 9.5/9
12.6 10/9.5

13.5 10/10
14.8 10/10


11.4 NM 10/9
14.2 NM 8/10
11.4 NM 9/9

14.7 NM 9.5/9.5
11.6 NM 10/9
12.6 NM 9/8.5

12.8 NM 9.5/9
13.5 NM 10/9
13.8 NM 9.5/9


9/8.5 10/8
8.5/8.5 10/9


10/8
9/8.5
9.5/8.5
9/8.5
9/8.5
9.5/8
8.5/8.5
10/9
10/8

10/8
9.5/8.5
9.5/7.5
9.5/7

9.5/10
9.5/10
9.5/8.5

10/8
10/8.5
9.5/9.5
9.5/6.5


10/5
10/3
8/6
10/6
10/9
10/10
10/5
10/8
10/7

10/7
10/5
10/10
10/6

10/10
10/10
10/9

10/9
10/10
10/10
10/10


7/7
6/6

9.5/5
9.5/3
8/7
8.5/6
8/8
9/8
7/4
9/8
9/4

9/6
8/4
9.5/8
7/4

9/10
9/10
9/8

10/7
9.5/8
9/9
9.5/7


10/9 10/10 10/9
10/8.5 10/10 9.5/8


8.5/8.5
10/8.5
9/8.5

9/10
9.5/10
9.5/8

9/9
10/9.5
9/9.5


10/7
10/9
10/7

8/8
10/8
10/7

10/7
10/6
10/7


9/7
8.5/7
9/6

8.5/9
9.5/8.5
9/7.5

9/7.5
10/7.5
9.5/7


Deep red pur
Dk red-pur

Lt crm pk w/yel thrt
Dk red-pur
V dk purple
Cherry-rose
Dk pk w/ gold thrt
Red
Rose
Dk salmon w/crm thrt
White

V dk pur
Dk cherry pk w/wh thrt
Solid red
Dk salmon w/dkr vein

Dk purple
Pur-cherry
Lt salmon w/dk sal
vein
Salmon w/red vein
Cream w/yel thrt
Dk pink w/white thrt
Lt pink, gold thrt,
white halo
Red w/prom white thrt
Dk coral

Lt pur w/dk pur vein
Dk pink
Pk w/rose vein

V dk pur
Dk pink, sl veins
Pk-sal w/rose vein,
hvy fade
Rose & wh star
Pk sal
White


9.5/9 9/4 8.5/5 Cherry rose w/wh thrt


3-23 3 2.6 17 NM 8.5/9


Carmine Madness BLL 1-24 3-11






Royal Madness BLL 1-24 3-11 4-1


Double Madness Red &
White

Double Madness Rose

Double Madness Rose &
White
Double Madness Salmon
Double Madness Sheer
Double Madness Silver
Shades

Primetime Series
Primetime Lavender
Primetime Light Blue

Primetime Mid Blue

Primetime Rose
Primetime Scarlet

Storm Series
Storm Lavender
Storm Pink
Storm Salmon

Storm White
Ultra Series
Ultra Blue
Ultra Lilac
Ultra Pink
Ultra Scarlet
Ultra Sky Blue

Ultra White
Wave Series
Pink Wave
Purple Wave


BLL 1-24 3-11 4-10 7

BLL 1-24 3-11 4-11 7


BLL 1-24 3-11 4-6
BLL 1-24 3-11 4-4
BLL 1-24 3-11 4-9


BLL 1-24 3-11 4-10 7


GLD 1-28 3-11 4-2 2
GLD 1-28 3-11 3-31 3

GLD 1-28 3-11 4-5 5

GLD 1-28 3-11 3-30 6
GLD 1-28 3-11 4-3 7


GLD 1-28 3-11 3-31 5
GLD 1-28 3-11 3-26 6
GLD 1-28 3-11 3-26 4

GLD 1-28 3-11 3-30 4

GLD 1-28 3-11 3-29 4
GLD 1-28 3-11 3-31 5
GLD 1-28 3-11 3-26 4
GLD 1-28 3-11 4-2 7
GLD 1-28 3-11 4-2 5

GLD 1-28 3-11 4-3 6

PAA 1-24 3-11 4-7 0
PAA 1-24 3-11 4-7 3


2.9 15.2 NM 6/8

3.0 10.0 NM 8/9


12.7 NM 9/9
15.8 NM 8/9
11.8 NM 9/10


3.0 13.4 NM 8.5/9


6/8.5


7/8 10/10


8/9
9/9
8/9.5


8/9 10/7


14.5 NM 10/9.5 9.5/10
17.0 NM 10/9 9.5/9


2.1 18.4 NM 8/9


8.5/10 10/6


11.2 NM 9.5/9.5 9.5/10
12.9 NM 10/8.5 9.5/9.5


14.9 NM 10/9
11.8 NM 9.5/9
14.1 NM 9/9


3.0 16.7 NM 10/9


10/9.5
10/9.5
10/9

10/8


10/7
10/4


10/7
10/5
9/5


15.1 NM 9.5/9 10/8
14.9 NM 9.5/8.5 9.5/8.5
11.8 NM 10/9 10/9
11.8 NM 9/9 8.5/8
14.6 NM 9/9 9.5/8.5


3.5 14.8 NM 9/8


10.6 NM 8/8.5 8/9.5
7.2 NM 10/10 9.5/10


to crm/dk pur

5/4 V dk org coral, some
have wh tips
7/8 Cherry rose w/dk rose


6.5/3.5
8/7
8.5/8.5

8/7.5


10/5
9.5/7


Rose & white
Dk salmon
Lt pk w/rose vein

Vein, dbl, mix of
vio & orchid shades

Pk-pur
Mid blue-pur to It


blue-pur
8.5/6.5 Dk pur w/prom wh
thrt
9.5/7.5 Rose
10/4 Red w/prom white


10/7.5
9.5/5
8/5

8.5/3

7.5/8
7.5/6
10/6
7/6
7/7


9.5/8.5 8/5 8/3


NR/8 7.5/8
NR/10 10/10


Pk-lav
Dk pk w/white thrt
Salmon w/dk salmon
vein
White

V dk purple
Pk-lav
Dk pink w/white thrt
Red w/gold thrt
Mid pur to It crm pur
w/wh thrt shades
White

Pk w/wh thrt
Red-pur


Phlox drummondii
Premium Scarlet


GRM 1-17 3-18 4-12 45 0.9 6.1 10.2 9.5/9


4 2.1 14.5 NM 10/9 8.5/9


10/5 8.5/6 SI red pur v dk, fades


9/9 NR/9 9/9 Dk org-red







Portulaca grandiflora (Moss Rose)
Sundial Series
Sundial Cream
Sundial Fuchsia
Sundial Gold
Sundial Mango
Sundial Orange
Sundial Peppermint
Sundial Pink
Sundail Scarlet
Sundial White
Sundial Yellow
Sunnyside Series
Sunnyside Cherry Red
Sunnyside Coral
Sunnyside Flame
Sunnyside Gold
Sunnyside Light Yellow
Sunnyside Orange
Sunnyside Pink
Sunnyside White


BOD 1-17 3-18 3-28
BOD 1-17 3-18 4-6
BOD 1-17 3-18 4-6
BOD 1-17 3-18 4-5
BOD 1-17 3-18 4-2
BOD 1-17 3-18 3-30
BOD 1-17 3-18 4-5
BOD 1-17 3-18 3-31
BOD 1-17 3-18 3-29
BOD 1-17 3-18 4-3

FLO 1-17 3-18 3-31
FLO 1-17 3-18 4-1
FLO 1-17 3-18 3-24
FLO 1-17 3-18 4-10
FLO 1-17 3-18 4-9
FLO 1-17 3-18 3-28
FLO 1-17 3-18 3-25
FLO 1-17 3-18 4-11


32
28
19
20
19
14
25
31
13
27

44
16
34
30
25
27
23
10


7.8 8.5
9.3 8
9.0 8
12.8 8.5
7.7 8.5
9.3 8
9.0 8
8.4 7.5
5.6 7.5
11.3 8

8.4 7
10.1 6.5
9.7 7.5
7.9 4
7.4 4
9.9 7.5
7.5 8
6.8 5.5


Pale yel w/pk edges
Brt rasp pk
Gold w/red edge
Pale apricot
Light orange
Pk w/red streaks
Dk pink
Lt red
White
Lt yel w/red edges

Cherry red
Pale cherry
V dk orange
Dk yellow
Pale yellow
Org
Pale pk
White


Rudbeckia hirta (Black-Eyed Susan)
Sonora BEN 1-17 3-18 5-24


Salvia farinacea (Blue Sage)
Reference
Salvia Signum
Victoria

Salvia splendens (Scarlet Sage)
Firecracker Series
Firecracker Burgundy
Firecracker Red
Firecracker Rose
Landscaper Bright Scarlet
Red Vista
Salsa Series
Salsa Burgundy
Salsa Light Purple
Salsa Purple
Salsa Rose
Salsa Rose Bicolor
Salsa Salmon
Salsa Salmon Bicolor


BEN 1-17 3-18 4-23
BOD 1-17 3-18 4-20
BOD 1-17 3-18 4-23


GRM 1-17 3-11 4-13
GRM 1-17 3-11 4-10
GRM 1-17 3-11 4-15
GRM 1-17 3-11 4-13
PAA 1-17 3-11 4-17

GLD 1-28 3-11 4-3
GLD 1-28 3-11 4-6
GLD 1-28 3-11 4-8
GLD 1-28 3-11 4-5
GLD 1-28 3-11 4-6
GLD 1-28 3-11 3-30
GLD 1-28 3-11 4-6


14 2.9


8.4 8.4 8


20.7 10/9
19.3 9.5/8
23.7 9/9


11 2.1/5.2
9 2.1/7.3
2 2/5.4
2 2.1/8.6
18 2/6.4

5 2.3/6.0
17 2.1/8.5
12 2.1/7.2
5 2.0/7.4
5 2.0/7.0
5 2.0/5.9
7 1.8/7.1


12.2
13.6
11.3
14.2
12.6

12.1
15.3
12.8
13.1
12.8
11.7
13.3


12.7 10
11.8 9
12.1 9
11.5 10
12.2 10

12.8 9.5
13.8 10
10.9 10
11.6 9.5
10.6 9.0
10.1 10
11.3 8.5


10/10
10/9
10/10


10 3


10/10
10/8
10/10


10/9
9/8
9/9


Gold & mah


Blue & white
Blue
Blue


Dk raspberry
Red
Dk pink
Red
Rich red

Dk rasp rose
Lt purple
V dk purple
Org-rose
Rose & white bi
Lt salmon
Lt salmon & wh bi






Salsa Scarlet
Salsa Scarlet Bicolor
Salsa White
Sizzler Salmon Bicolor


GLD 1-28 3-11 4-4 16 2.1/6.1 12.9 10.7 10
GLD 1-28 3-11 4-16 11 2.0/6.5 12.9 11.4 10
GLD 1-28 3-11 4-7 18 1.8/7.8 14.9 11.8 10
FLO 1-17 3-11 3-29 19 2.0/5.8 10.3 11.4 10


Brt scarlet
Scarlet & wh bi
Dk cream
Dk salmon w/vlt pk


Tagetes erect (African or American Marigold)
Antigua Series
Antigua Gold BOD 2-5 3-18 4-4 8
Antigua Orange BOD 2-5 3-18 4-4 8
Antigua Primrose BOD 2-5 3-18 4-6 1(
Antigua Yellow BOD 2-5 3-18 4-6 8
Discovery Series
Discovery Orange BOD 2-5 3-18 4-6 6
Discovery Yellow BOD 2-5 3-18 4-4 8

Tagetes patula (French Marigold)
Aurora Mixture WAL 2-5 3-25 3-27 1'
Bonanza Series
Bonanza Bee Improved PAA 2-5 3-18 3-22 7
Bonanza Orange Improved PAA 2-5 3-18 3-20 6
Bonanza Yellow Improved PAA 2-5 3-18 3-25 7
Bounty Series
Bounty Gold SAK 2-5 3-18 3-22 5
Bounty Spry SAK 2-5 3-18 3-22 4
Bounty Yellow SAK 2-5 3-18 3-27 5


Girl Harmony
Janie Mixture
Little Hero Series
Little Hero Fire
Little Hero Flame
Little Hero Orange
Little Hero Yellow
Safari Series
Safari Bolero
Safari Gold
Safari Queen
Safari Red
Safari Tangerine
Safari Yellow
Troubador Yellow

Verbena x hvbrida
Quartz Series
Quartz Formula Mix


11.1 12.7 8/7.5
11.0 12.3 9.5/8.5
10.7 12.1 9/8
9.2 11.2 10/9


7.9 9/9
9.3 8/7


I


GRM 2-5 3-18 3-26 2
WAL 2-5 3-18 3-25 2

BOD 2-5 3-18 3-22 7
BOD 2-5 3-18 3-20 5
BOD 2-5 3-18 3-23 7
BOD 2-5 3-18 3-19 3

BOD 2-5 3-18 3-27 3
BOD 2-5 3-18 3-27 15
BOD 2-5 3-18 3-24 6
BOD 2-5 3-18 3-25 2
BOD 2-5 3-18 3-26 2
BOD 2-5 3-18 3-25 2
WAL 2-5 3-18 3-28 5


11.2 13.3 8.5/8

11.2 13.8 10/9
13.0 15.4 10/9
13.4 15.9 9.5/9

9.6 12.1 7.5/9
10.1 13.4 9/9
10.7 13.6 9/8.5
11.6 13.4 10/9
9.5 12.7 6/7


10.5 9/8
11.5 10/9.5
11.4 9.5/9
9.6 8/9


13.2 15.2 9.5/8
12.6 14.1 9/8.5
12.4 13.6 9.5/9
12.7 13.4 9.5/9
15.7 16.7 10/9
12.8 13.6 8.5/9
11.9 13.7 10/9


8.5/8.5 10/7
9.5/9 10/10
9/8 10/9
10/9 10/10

9/8.5 9.5/9
8.5/8 9.5/9.


8.5/8.5 10/8

8.5/9.5 10/9
9.5/9 10/9
9.5/9.5 10/9

9/9 10/10
9.5/9 10/8
9/9.5 10/9
9.5/9 10/9
8.5/8.5 10/8

9.5/10 10/10
9.5/10 10/10
10/9.5 10/9
9.5/9 10/10

9/9 10/8
9/8.5 10/7
9.5/9 10/9
9.5/9 10/9
9.5/9.5 10/6
8.5/8.5 10/10
9/8 10/9


8/5
9.5/5.5
9/5
10/7


9/7
5 8.5/8


Gold
Orange
Primrose
Yellow

Orange
Yellow


8/7 Mix


9/9
9.5/9
9/9

8.5/9
9/6.5
9/7.5
8.5/8.5
6/5

7/7
8/8
10/9
8/9

9/7.5
9/7.5
9.5/8
8.5/6
9.5/7
8.5/9
9.5/8.5


Gold w/mah base
Orange
Yellow

Gold
Org crest & mah skirt
Yellow
Dk mah w/org crest
Mix

Gold w/red bases
Org w/mah base
Orange
Yellow

Gold w/red splotches
Gold
Org w/mah bases
Mahogany
Dk orange
Yellow
Yellow


PAA 1-24 3-18 4-15 10 0.6/2.2 8.6 14.9 9


10 NR 9.5 Mix








Quartz Scarlet PAA 1-24 3-18 4-15 9 0.6/2.3 9.2 14.2 8.5 10 NR 9.0 Red

Zinnia angustifolia (Creeping Zinnia)
Starbright Mix GRM 2-12 3-18 4-7 14 1.4 11.7 12.2 8.0 9.5 10 8 Mix


zSource is not necessarily the developer. Refer to Table 2 for source designations.
YAbbreviations: DNF =did not flower. Divergence of flowering was the number of days between when the first plant in the plot flowered until the last.
'Pelargonium and Verbena = flower diameter/head diameter; Salvia = flower diameter/spike length. DNF = did not flower.
"NM = not measured.
'Rating: 10 = excellent, 9 = superior, 8 = very good, 7 = good, 6 = fair, 1 = very poor, 0 = all dead. NR = not rated. Multiple ratings in chronological order.
"Density and distribution rating.
'Rating: 10 = no lodging, 1 = plants flattened to ground. NR = not rated. Multiple ratings in chronological order.
'Inclusive rating for appearance and vigor: 10 = excellent, 9 = superior, 8 = very good, 7 = good, 6 = fair, 1 = very poor, 0 = all dead. NR = not rated. Multiple ratings in chronological
order.
'Abbreviations: bi = bicolor; blk = black; brt = bright; brz = bronze; crm = creamy; ctr = center; dbl = double; dk = dark; dkr = darker; elec = electric; flw = flower; gm = green; hvy =
heavy; lay = lavender; It = light; Ivs = leaves; mah = mahogany; med = medium; org = orange; pch = peach; pk = pink; prom = prominent; pur = purple; sal = salmon; sl = slight; sm =
small; rasp = raspberry; thrt = throat; v = very; vio = violet; w/ = with; wh = white; yel = yellow.








The Gulf Coast Research and Education Center


The Gulf Coast Research and Education Center is
a unit of the Institute of Food and Agricultural Sci-
ences, University of Florida. The Research Center
originated in the fall of 1925 as the Tomato
Disease Laboratory with the primary objective of
developing control procedures for an epidemic out-
break of nailhead spot of tomato. Research was ex-
panded in subsequent years to include study of sev-
eral other tomato diseases.

In 1937, new research facilities were established
in the town of Manatee, and the Center scope was
enlarged to include horticultural, entomological, and
soil science studies of several vegetable crops. The
ornamental program was a natural addition to the
Center's responsibilities because of the emerging in-
dustry in the area in the early 1940's.

The Center's current location was established in
1965 where a comprehensive research and extension
program on vegetable crops and ornamental plants is
conducted. Three state extension specialists posi-
tions, 16 state research scientists, and two grant
supported scientists from various disciplines of
training participate in all phases of vegetable and
ornamental horticultural programs. This interdisci-
plinary team approach, combining several research
disciplines and a wide range of industry and faculty
contacts, often is more productive than could be ac-
complished with limited investments in independent
programs.


The Center's primary mission is to develop new
and expand existing knowledge and technology, and
to disseminate new scientific knowledge in Florida, so
that agriculture remains efficient and economically
sound.

The secondary mission of the Center is to assist
the Cooperative Extension Service, IFAS campus
departments, in which Center faculty hold appropri-
ate liaison appointments, and other research centers
in extension, educational training, and cooperative
research programs for the benefit of Florida's pro-
ducers, students, and citizens.

Program areas of emphasis include: (1) genetics,
breeding, and variety development and evaluation;
(2) biological, chemical, and mechanical pest manage-
ment in entomology, plant pathology, nematology,
bacteriology, virology, and weed science; (3) produc-
tion efficiency, culture, management, and counteract-
ing environmental stress; (4) water management and
natural resource protection; (5) post-harvest physiol-
ogy, harvesting, handling and food quality of horti-
cultural crops; (6) technical support and assistance to
the Florida Cooperative Extension Service; and (7)
advancement offundamental knowledge ofdisciplines
represented by faculty and (8) directing graduate
student training and teaching special undergraduate
classes.


Location of
GCREC Bradenton


IFAS IS:
Q The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences,
University of Florida.
Q A statewide organization dedicated to teaching,
research and extension.
O Faculty located in Gainesville and at 13 research
and education centers, 67 county extension
offices and four demonstration units throughout
the state.
O Partnership in food and agriculture, and natural
and renewable resource research and education,
funded by state, federal and local government,
and by gifts and grants from individuals, founda-
tions, government and industry.
0 An organization whose mission is:
Educating students in the food, agricultural,
and related sciences and natural resources.
Strengthening Florida's diverse food and
agricultural industry and its environment
through research.
Enhancing for all Floridians, the application
of research and knowledge to improve the
quality of life statewide through IFAS exten-
sion programs.