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Summary of flowering bedding plant trials
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 Material Information
Title: Summary of flowering bedding plant trials
Series Title: Bradenton GCREC research report
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Gulf Coast Research and Education Center (Bradenton, Fla.)
University of Florida -- Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Publisher: University of Florida.
Place of Publication: Bradenton Florida
Creation Date: 1996
Frequency: irregular
completely irregular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Bedding plants -- Varieties -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Bedding plants -- Field experiments -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Spring 1994-
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Winter 1997-1998.
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: oclc - 62677465
lccn - 2005229094
System ID: UF00054205:00004

Table of Contents
    Copyright
        Copyright
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Materials and methods
        Page 1
    Results and discussion
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Summary
        Page 7
    Note
        Page 7
    Acknowledgement
        Page 7
    Reference
        Page 8
    Tables
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
    The gulf coast research and education center
        Page 19
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HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
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UNIVERSITY OF
.FLORIDA


Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences




SUMMARY OF FLOWERING BEDDING PLANT
TRIALS, FALL 1995




T. K. Howe and W. E. Waters
Marston Science
Library


JUN 19199


Gulf Coast Research and Education Center
5007 60th Street East, Bradenton, FL 34203
Bradenton GCREC Research Report BRA 1996-9









GCREC Research Report BRA1996-9


SUMMARY OF FLOWERING BEDDING PLANT TRIALS, FALL 1995

T. K. Howe and W. E. Waters'
Gulf Coast Research and Education Center
University of Florida, IFAS
5007 60th St. East
Bradenton, FL 34203


The performance of flowering bedding plant cultivars in demonstration plots has been evaluated two
to three times a year at the Gulf Coast Research and Education Center in Bradenton, FL since 1982.
In the fall (September December) season of 1995, 179 entries from 21 genera, supplied by 12
companies, were examined in unreplicated nine-plant plots. This trial allowed the variety trials
coordinator, along with interested growers, seed companies, landscapers, breeders, and extension
master gardeners to view new releases from commercial breeders and to make preliminary
assessments of cultivar suitability for use in central Florida.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Seeds were sown in a peat:vermiculite medium (see below) and germinated under environmental
conditions as required for each species. Seedlings were transplanted to Todd() planter flats (1.5 x
1.5 x 2.5 inch cells, model 128) filled with peat:vermiculite medium (1:l,v:v) amended with dolomite,
super-phosphate, and hydrated lime at 11.3, 5.6, and 2.8 lb per cu yd, respectively. Plants were
fertilized with soluble 20-20-20 (rates and times varied with the species) after the appearance of the
first true leaf. Plants were not given plant growth regulators.

Beds ofEauGallie fine sand were raised, broadcast with NutricoteR) 14-14-14 (180 day release) slow
release fertilizer across the width of the bed at a rate of 84 lb/1000 sq ft which was incorporated three
to four inches, fumigated (methyl bromide: chloropicrin, 66:33) and covered with white on black
polyethylene film. Finished beds were 2.7 ft wide and 8 inches high on 5 ft centers. Irrigation water
was supplied by subsurface seepage from lateral ditches spaced every 42 ft.

Transplants were taken to the field when roots were well developed and filled the containerized cells
of the planter flats. Transplants, based on estimated mature dimensions, were placed in beds on 12
inch centers in three rows across each bed with nine plants per plot (staggered layout), or on 9 inch
centers in three rows across the bed with nine plants per plot. Plants were grown in full sun. Dates
for sowing and field planting are included in the trial summary table.


'Research Program Coordinator and Center Director, respectively.


April 1996











Pesticides were used preventively or on demand for lepidopterous larvae, silverleaf whiteflies, and
bacterial and fungal pathogens. This flower trial emphasized the performance of cultivars in ground
beds. No manipulation of the plants such as the application of growth retardants, pinching of the
apical buds, or detaching the old flowers occurred.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

Temperature and rainfall conditions for the fall of 1995 as compared to the 41-year averages appear
in Table 1. Maximum and minimum daily temperatures were above average in September and
October, but below normal in November and December. Rainfall was above average during all
months but December.

A complete listing of companies which contributed seed and the designation of each company as
referenced to in the summary table are found in Table 2.

The following discussion highlights and augments the information found in Table 3. Focal points of
the discussion will include those entries with superior performance or those that were new
introductions.

Ageratum houstonianum. (Floss flower). Three colors of the 'Hawaii' series were examined. While
'Blue Hawaii' and 'White Hawaii' received superior ratings and flowered within five days of each
other, 'Royal Hawaii' was not a close companion to them in garden performance. 'Royal Hawaii'
was marginal in overall appearance, had unsatisfactory flowering, was one week later to flower than
'Blue Hawaii' and produced much smaller plants than its counterparts in the series.

Begonia semperflorens. (Fibrous-rooted begonia). Overall, the 59 fibrous-rooted begonia entries
achieved only fair performance ratings. Plant establishment early in the season and the identification
of Alternaria infection in the plots on November 1, forced early data acquisition in anticipation of
potentially high plant losses. As the weather improved, remaining plants improved in overall quality
which peaked in mid-November until early December, allowing late season measurements and
assignment of ratings on December 6. Ratings are listed for both dates in Table 3, while plant
dimensions are taken from December 6. Low overall ratings combined with high uniformity and
flower ratings reflect plant mortality. Very good to superior overall ratings on both dates were given
to 'Alfa White', 'Ambassador Salmon', 'Ambassador Soft Pink', and 'Bingo Red'.

'Inferno' and 'Victory' were consistently early flowering series, as were the entries of the
experimental series and 'Olympia Red Improved'. It is interesting to note that 'Olympia Red' was
the latest of any other entry in a large, two-season begonia evaluation conducted at this site in the
spring and fall of 1994 (Howe and Waters, 1995c). Slightly larger plant heights were produced by
cultivars of the 'Party' series. The new 'Inferno' series had a prostrate habit and was judged pendant,
as it cascaded over the edge of the bed. This series would probably do well in hanging baskets. The
experimental scarlet hanging entry had an open, spreading growth habit with plants that had angel-
wing type leaves and flowers which were draped from long stalks.











Browallia speciosa major. 'Amethyst' browallia had excellent garden performance. The diminutive
plants produced an abundance of tiny flowers by early December. Plants were very uniform and the
initial flowering within the plot was concentrated in four days.

Catharanthus roseus. (Vinca, periwinkle). Unusual colors dominated the vinca plots this season.
'Apricot Delight' flowers were a peachy pink with a dark rose eye; the experimental vinca from
American Takii had flowers which were a true lilac with a dark reddish purple eye; 'Prairie Pastels'
offered flowers in a special color mixture of lighter shades of pink as well as bright pink with a gold
eye; 'Passion' flowers were fuchsia with a gold eye; 'Pacifica Lilac' flowers were an orchid violet
with a red eye; 'Pacifica Punch' flowers were red-pink with a red eye; and 'Pacifica Red' flowers
were a hot ruby red (cherry red). These breakthroughs in vinca color development by the various
seed companies provide a great versatility in vinca color landscape programming. Overall excellence
came from 'Prairie Pastels', 'Passion', and 'Pacifica White'. It was very obvious by the end of the
trial, although not particularly so when plant measurements were taken, that 'Pacifica White'
produced more vigorous plants than any other vinca entry in the trial. Lower overall ratings for the
remaining vinca entries reflect plant losses due to Fusarium roseum infection.

Celosia plumosa. (Wheat celosia). 'Pink Candle' produced bushy 3/2-ft tall plants with an abundance
of light pink, wheat-like plumes. This item drew a lot of notice from trial visitors, as in the spring,
because of its interesting appearance (Howe and Waters, 1995b). All plants in the plot flowered
within seven days and ratings were excellent early in the season, with a slightly lower overall rating
due to the fact that the plumes were still very small and not at its peak show. Peak floral appearance
was in mid-November. Plants had a textural quality and soft floral color which would lend to its use
in Victorian gardening schemes. Plants were sturdy and did not topple after a heavy thunderstorm
in late October.

Dahlia x hybrida. 'Diablo Mixed' did not attain full flowering until the second rating on November
17. There was a problem with plant uniformity and lodging which depressed overall appearance
ratings.

Dianthus hybrid. [D. chinensis x D. barbatus]. Five of the six 'Floral Lace' cultivars had very good
to excellent overall ratings (8.5 to 10) when evaluated on November 1. The six cultivars were well
matched in plant dimensions and flower size. Initial flowering was slightly earlier and more
concentrated for 'Floral Lace Crimson', than for the rest of the series. As a group, the 'Floral Lace'
series had great divergence of flowering (five cultivars exceeded 21 days), unlike the spring of 1995
when the individual cultivars of 'Floral Lace' all flowered within five days (Howe and Waters,
1995b). Peak flowering and appearance occurred near October 31. Flower quantity and distribution
could have been better for 'Floral Lace Violet', again as in the spring of 1995.

Gazania splendens. The new experimental gazania entries from Benary were very impressive. While
very showy by Halloween, these plants were at their peak performance two weeks before Christmas.
The biggest detriment of the experimental series and 'Talent Yellow' was the time lapsed for initial
flowering among all plants in the plots (divergence of flowering).











Gomphrena globosa. The dwarf 'Gnome' series provided exceptional garden performance. The
globe-shaped plants of 'Gnome Pink', 'Gnome Purple' (formerly 'Buddy') and 'Gnome White' were
very compact and neat. As with the gazanias, the gomphrenas were very impressive by Halloween,
but were at their best in mid-December. Overall the series was well balanced and had good visual
impact. This trio would be ideally suited in border plantings.

Gypsophilia muralis. (Baby's breath). 'Garden Bride Soft Pink' was one of the most unique items
in the fall trial. It had great novelty value and was very attractive to trial visitors, who felt compelled
to touch this plant. It grew into small, compact, rounded plants (6 x 13 inches) which were covered
with tiny pink flowers. The fine foliage and profusion of very small flowers made this cultivar delicate
in appearance. It had excellent garden performance and was still at peak appearance at Thanksgiving.

Helianthus annuus. (Sunflower). The eleven sunflower cultivars displayed a full range of heights,
from the very dwarf'Big Smile' at 13 inches to 'Full Sun' at 52 inches. Flower size ranged from the
diminutive 3.3 inches for 'Big Smile' to the large 9.7 inches of 'Full Sun'. Flower colors among the
cultivars included: gold with brown discs, entirely gold with no disc in the double flowered 'Double
Sun' and 'Teddy Bear', gold with green and gold discs, lemon yellow with brown discs, and shades
of mahogany brown with dark brown discs. Overall ratings of very good or better (8 or above) were
given to 'Full Sun', 'Moonbright', 'Sunbeam', 'Sunbright', 'Taiyo', and 'Schnittgold'. Foliar disease,
diagnosed as Alternaria, affected all of the sunflower cultivars and was the primary reason the
remaining cultivars received lower overall ratings. There were other problems unique to some
cultivars. 'Double Sun' and 'Full Sun' had very poor floral display in mid-November, due to flower
heads that drooped. The flowers were attractive, but not visible. 'Prado Red' had some plants
uprooted by a thunderstorm at the end of October.

Lavadula augustifolia. (Lavender). For the most part, plants survived, but they never flowered.

Lobelia erinus. As with the vinca, the big excitement in lobelia was the new colors. Waller
Flowerseed has released two series of lobelia, the 'Regatta' which has a creeping or spreading growth
habit and the 'Riviera' which has an upright growth habit. Both series were released in 1995, with
additional colors being released in 1996. Three of the earlier releases captured Fleuroselect Quality
awards, which gives an indication of the uniqueness of these lobelias. Unusual colors include:
'Riviera Blue Eyes' with flowers that were dark purple-blue with a white eye; 'Riviera Blue Splash'
and 'Regatta Blue Splash' with flowers which were white with blue throats; 'Riviera Lilac' with light
rosy-purple flowers; and 'Regatta Rose' with dark plum rose flowers. Individual ratings for
flowering, uniformity and lodging were generally good or better (8 or above) for most cultivars.

Lobularia maritima. (Alyssum). All the alyssum cultivars performed admirably this season.
Characterized by full, lush growth and prolific flowering, the cultivars improved as the season became
cooler. Peak appearance was still evident at Christmas. All were very similar in measured attributes,
with the exception that 'New Carpet of Snow' had the most concentrated initial flowering at 5 days.
It was also noted that 'Wonderland White' had darker green leaves than the other cultivars.











Matthiola incana. (Stock). 'Harmony Light Rose' provided excellent performance and lasted in the
beds until Christmas.

Melampodium paludosum. 'Derby' produced an abundance of golden yellow, daisy-like flowers an
inch in diameter. The dwarf, very compact plants grew into a roughly spherical shape which was
about 13 to 14 inches in height/diameter. Ratings were very good to excellent for flowering and
lodging, but only fair in uniformity. 'Derby Yellow' had one plant out of nine which was a very large
off-type.

The experimental melampodium from American Takii was exceptional and was rated above superior
in all categories. It was also earlier to flower than the other three melampodium cultivars. All
melampodium peaked in appearance near Halloween.

Pentas lanceolata. (Star-cluster). 'New Look' is the first pentas cultivar available from seed. Plants
were very slow growing and the average flowering date was during the third week of October.
Initial flowering was not concentrated and spread over 27 days. Full flowering potential was not
attained until late in the season as shown in the two ratings. Low overall ratings reflect plant losses
in late October and early November (one month after planting) from unknown causes. Surviving
plants showed good vigor.

Pelargonium x hortorum. (Geranium). Four seed geranium cultivars were examined, three from the
'Avanti' series. By early December, performance was generally fair to very good in all categories,
with 'Avanti Orange Bicolor' producing few flowers. Divergence of flowering was poor, at least 30
days for each cultivar.

Petunia x hvbrida. Thirty-one petunia cultivars were examined in this trial and were one of the most
interesting species to examine this fall because of certain new releases. Petunias performed well as
a group and peaked in appearance and flowering at Halloween. The most exciting addition to
commercial petunia offerings was the introduction of the 'Fantasy' series, a new class of petunia
called milliflora. The uniqueness of the milliflora class was the focus of many discussions in the trial
area. The 'Fantasy' cultivars were very dwarf, reaching a height of only 6 to 7 inches with a
hemispherical-shaped canopy which spread to 10 to 13 inches on November 1. The flowers were
between 1.4 and 1.7 inches wide, making them a miniature petunia flower. This series was introduced
with six colors, and 'Fantasy Pink Morn' received the All America Selections award for 1996. The
millifloras are ideally suited as border plants and could be used much like alyssum. The most
outstanding feature was the longevity of the millifloras, which matched their grandiflora and
multiflora counterparts in the garden. Thus diminutive petunia should make a big impact.

Of the multiflora type, 'Heavenly Lavender' is a new introduction which also won an All America
Selections award for 1996. This petunia produced fully double flowers that were a rich pink-lilac.
Unlike the spring of 1995 when this cultivar was the latest petunia to flower (Howe and Waters,
1995b), 'Heavenly Lavender' flowered within 10 days of the earliest cultivar and within a month of
the latest. Usually, the double flower is a feature that lends itself to later flowering. However, after
the initial flowering, the plants ceased to flower for several weeks, and there were very few flowers











open before Halloween. Therefore the rating on November 1 was very poor. The plants were in full
flower on December 6. Plants were spectacular once the long wait was over.

'Lavender Storm', a grandiflora petunia with a lavender-rose corolla and a white throat, was a
spectacular newcomer. The plants of this cultivar were very quick to fill out, produced large full
flowers in abundance and reached peak flowering ahead of everything else in trial except the
millifloras. Ratings were very high with the exception of lodging. Plants were extremely uniform
with an impressive floral display. This cultivar was awarded the Fleuroselect Gold Medal.

Generally 'Madness' floribunda (effectively multiflora) cultivars were rated superior to excellent, as
in the spring of 1995 (Howe and Waters, 1995b). All colors in the series flowered within ten days
of each other. Five colors had divergence of flowering greater than 10 days. Plant sizes were very
uniform within cultivars and flowering was prolific; however some colors did not fit in well with the
rest of the series. For example, 'Plum Madness' had very large plants, 'Rose Madness' was extremely
compact, while 'Spring Madness' and 'Simply Madness' produced much smaller plants. The other
colors in the series were of a more intermediate height and of less dramatic compactness in habit.
Lower overall ratings reflect the tendency of some to lodge.

Only two colors of the 'Double Madness' series were evaluated and on first glance appeared that they
were not well matched. While 'Double Madness Burgundy' flowered on September 23, 'Double
Madness Sheer' flowered on October 23. However, 'Double Madness Burgundy' and 'Double
Madness Sheer' performed similarly to 'Heavenly Lavender': the flowering stopped for several
weeks, followed by heavy flowering by early December. Slightly low overall ratings on November
1 indicates a lack of flowers at that time.

Only five colors of the large 'Merlin' multiflora series were evaluated in the fall. The entire series was
under 10 inches tall when measured at peak flowering, and four colors were 7 inches tall or less. This
series is among the most dwarf of the multiflora/grandiflora type petunias. Divergence of flowering
was very different among the 5 colors. Less than superior performance was noted for only 'Merlin
Blue Picotee', which was rated very good overall.

'Prism Bright Rose' was given above superior ratings. 'Prism Pink' was rated fair to good overall
due to plant losses from undiagnosed cause and slightly less uniformity and flowering than 'Prism
Bright Rose'.

One of the most exciting and interesting releases recently has been the spreading petunia, 'Purple
Wave'. While it was among the last petunias to flower, as seen previously, the profusion of dark
orchid-plum colored flowers was well worth the wait (Howe and Waters, 1995a, 1995b). As further
endorsement, this cultivar was awarded an All America Selections award for 1995. Although some
jokingly refer to this petunia as a "kudzu with flowers", it is appropriate to note that it spreads very
aggressively and is a heavy feeder. This ground cover petunia had excellent vigor, flowering and
appeal to trial visitors. 'Purple Wave' is a long day plant, and has been seen to flower better in the
spring than in the fall (Howe and Waters, 1995a), however, this fall season flowering was very
prolific. Unlike other creeping types, the 'Supertunia' and the 'Cascadia', 'Purple Wave' is seed
propagated. This cultivar is also well adapted to hanging basket production.











Salvia splendens. (Scarlet sage). 'Cover Girl Scarlet' was the only salvia in the fall trial. It was slow
to establish in the bed early in the season, but finished the season with superior to excellent ratings.
Mature plants were 16 inches tall with 6.6 inch-long spikes, although the earliest spikes produced
were very small on 30% of the plant population. Peak performance occurred in mid-November.

Tagetes spatula. (French marigold). The 'Aurora' and the 'Janie' series were the only marigolds
submitted for trial this fall. Both series provided excellent garden performance. Only 'Janie Deep
Orange' received any rating below superior. Of special interest was the appearance of 'Janie
Primrose', which was bushy with small, delicately shaped leaves in comparison to the other cultivars
of that series. Also, 'Janie Deep Orange' and 'Janie Harmony' each had two of nine plants which
were off-type in plant habit and size. On average, the 'Janie' cultivars were slightly earlier to flower
and produced slightly smaller plants and flowers than the 'Aurora' cultivars. Peak performance of
marigolds occurred the end of October and lasted until early December.

SUMMARY

Outstanding performance based on the superior to excellent overall ratings during the fall of 1995
came from: Ageratum 'Blue Hawaii' and 'White Hawaii'; Begonia 'Ambassador Salmon'; Browallia
'Amethyst'; Catharanthus (vinca) 'Prairie Pastels', 'Passion', and 'Pacifica White'; Celosia 'Pink
Candle': Dianthus 'Floral Lace Crimson', 'Floral Lace Picotee' and 'Floral Lace Rose'; Gazania
experimental orange, white, and yellow; Gomphrena 'Gnome Purple' and 'Gnome White';
Gypsophilia 'Garden Bride Soft Pink'; Helianthus 'Sunbeam'; Lobelia 'Regatta Rose'; Lobularia
(alyssum) 'New Carpet of Snow', 'Pastel Carpet', 'Snowdrift', and 'Wonderland White'; Matthiola
(stock) 'Harmony Light Rose'; Melampodium experimental; Petunia (milliflora) 'Fantasy' series;
Petunia (double multiflora) 'Heavenly Lavender'; Petunia (multiflora/floribunda) most 'Madness'
colors, 'Merlin Cherry Rose', 'Merlin Pink', 'Merlin Salmon'; Petunia (grandiflora) 'Lavender
Storm', and 'Prism Bright Rose'; Petunia (creeping) 'Purple Wave'; Salvia 'Cover Girl Scarlet'; and
Marigold 'Aurora' series, and 'Janie' series. Many of these cultivars are recently released to the
bedding plant industry.

The author's favorite was: 'Fantasy' milliflora petunia series.

NOTE

The information contained in this report is a summary of experimental results and does not provide
recommendations for crop production. Where trade names are used, no discrimination is intended
or endorsement implied.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

The authors thank American Takii Inc, Ball Seed Co., E. Benary Seed, Bodger Seeds Ltd.,
Daehnfeldt, Floranova, G. S. Grimes, Goldsmith Seeds, Oglevee, Pan American Seed, Sakata Seed
America, S & G Seeds, Vaughan's, and Waller Flowerseed for their financial support during 1995
and 1996.











Salvia splendens. (Scarlet sage). 'Cover Girl Scarlet' was the only salvia in the fall trial. It was slow
to establish in the bed early in the season, but finished the season with superior to excellent ratings.
Mature plants were 16 inches tall with 6.6 inch-long spikes, although the earliest spikes produced
were very small on 30% of the plant population. Peak performance occurred in mid-November.

Tagetes spatula. (French marigold). The 'Aurora' and the 'Janie' series were the only marigolds
submitted for trial this fall. Both series provided excellent garden performance. Only 'Janie Deep
Orange' received any rating below superior. Of special interest was the appearance of 'Janie
Primrose', which was bushy with small, delicately shaped leaves in comparison to the other cultivars
of that series. Also, 'Janie Deep Orange' and 'Janie Harmony' each had two of nine plants which
were off-type in plant habit and size. On average, the 'Janie' cultivars were slightly earlier to flower
and produced slightly smaller plants and flowers than the 'Aurora' cultivars. Peak performance of
marigolds occurred the end of October and lasted until early December.

SUMMARY

Outstanding performance based on the superior to excellent overall ratings during the fall of 1995
came from: Ageratum 'Blue Hawaii' and 'White Hawaii'; Begonia 'Ambassador Salmon'; Browallia
'Amethyst'; Catharanthus (vinca) 'Prairie Pastels', 'Passion', and 'Pacifica White'; Celosia 'Pink
Candle': Dianthus 'Floral Lace Crimson', 'Floral Lace Picotee' and 'Floral Lace Rose'; Gazania
experimental orange, white, and yellow; Gomphrena 'Gnome Purple' and 'Gnome White';
Gypsophilia 'Garden Bride Soft Pink'; Helianthus 'Sunbeam'; Lobelia 'Regatta Rose'; Lobularia
(alyssum) 'New Carpet of Snow', 'Pastel Carpet', 'Snowdrift', and 'Wonderland White'; Matthiola
(stock) 'Harmony Light Rose'; Melampodium experimental; Petunia (milliflora) 'Fantasy' series;
Petunia (double multiflora) 'Heavenly Lavender'; Petunia (multiflora/floribunda) most 'Madness'
colors, 'Merlin Cherry Rose', 'Merlin Pink', 'Merlin Salmon'; Petunia (grandiflora) 'Lavender
Storm', and 'Prism Bright Rose'; Petunia (creeping) 'Purple Wave'; Salvia 'Cover Girl Scarlet'; and
Marigold 'Aurora' series, and 'Janie' series. Many of these cultivars are recently released to the
bedding plant industry.

The author's favorite was: 'Fantasy' milliflora petunia series.

NOTE

The information contained in this report is a summary of experimental results and does not provide
recommendations for crop production. Where trade names are used, no discrimination is intended
or endorsement implied.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

The authors thank American Takii Inc, Ball Seed Co., E. Benary Seed, Bodger Seeds Ltd.,
Daehnfeldt, Floranova, G. S. Grimes, Goldsmith Seeds, Oglevee, Pan American Seed, Sakata Seed
America, S & G Seeds, Vaughan's, and Waller Flowerseed for their financial support during 1995
and 1996.











Salvia splendens. (Scarlet sage). 'Cover Girl Scarlet' was the only salvia in the fall trial. It was slow
to establish in the bed early in the season, but finished the season with superior to excellent ratings.
Mature plants were 16 inches tall with 6.6 inch-long spikes, although the earliest spikes produced
were very small on 30% of the plant population. Peak performance occurred in mid-November.

Tagetes spatula. (French marigold). The 'Aurora' and the 'Janie' series were the only marigolds
submitted for trial this fall. Both series provided excellent garden performance. Only 'Janie Deep
Orange' received any rating below superior. Of special interest was the appearance of 'Janie
Primrose', which was bushy with small, delicately shaped leaves in comparison to the other cultivars
of that series. Also, 'Janie Deep Orange' and 'Janie Harmony' each had two of nine plants which
were off-type in plant habit and size. On average, the 'Janie' cultivars were slightly earlier to flower
and produced slightly smaller plants and flowers than the 'Aurora' cultivars. Peak performance of
marigolds occurred the end of October and lasted until early December.

SUMMARY

Outstanding performance based on the superior to excellent overall ratings during the fall of 1995
came from: Ageratum 'Blue Hawaii' and 'White Hawaii'; Begonia 'Ambassador Salmon'; Browallia
'Amethyst'; Catharanthus (vinca) 'Prairie Pastels', 'Passion', and 'Pacifica White'; Celosia 'Pink
Candle': Dianthus 'Floral Lace Crimson', 'Floral Lace Picotee' and 'Floral Lace Rose'; Gazania
experimental orange, white, and yellow; Gomphrena 'Gnome Purple' and 'Gnome White';
Gypsophilia 'Garden Bride Soft Pink'; Helianthus 'Sunbeam'; Lobelia 'Regatta Rose'; Lobularia
(alyssum) 'New Carpet of Snow', 'Pastel Carpet', 'Snowdrift', and 'Wonderland White'; Matthiola
(stock) 'Harmony Light Rose'; Melampodium experimental; Petunia (milliflora) 'Fantasy' series;
Petunia (double multiflora) 'Heavenly Lavender'; Petunia (multiflora/floribunda) most 'Madness'
colors, 'Merlin Cherry Rose', 'Merlin Pink', 'Merlin Salmon'; Petunia (grandiflora) 'Lavender
Storm', and 'Prism Bright Rose'; Petunia (creeping) 'Purple Wave'; Salvia 'Cover Girl Scarlet'; and
Marigold 'Aurora' series, and 'Janie' series. Many of these cultivars are recently released to the
bedding plant industry.

The author's favorite was: 'Fantasy' milliflora petunia series.

NOTE

The information contained in this report is a summary of experimental results and does not provide
recommendations for crop production. Where trade names are used, no discrimination is intended
or endorsement implied.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

The authors thank American Takii Inc, Ball Seed Co., E. Benary Seed, Bodger Seeds Ltd.,
Daehnfeldt, Floranova, G. S. Grimes, Goldsmith Seeds, Oglevee, Pan American Seed, Sakata Seed
America, S & G Seeds, Vaughan's, and Waller Flowerseed for their financial support during 1995
and 1996.











LITERATURE CITED

Howe, T. K. And W. E. Waters. 1995a. Summary of flowering bedding plant trials fall 1994.
Bradenton GCREC Res. Rept. BRA1995-15.

Howe, T. K. and W. E. Waters. 1995b. Summary of flowering bedding plant trials spring 1995.
Bradenton GCREC Res. Rept. BRA1995-29.

Howe, T. K. and W. E. Waters. 1995c. Evaluation of fibrous-rooted begonia cultivars for the
landscape in west-central Florida. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 108:in press.

Stanley, C. D. 1995. Weather report for 1994 Gulf Coast Research and Education Center,
Bradenton, Florida. Bradenton GCREC Res. Rept. BRA1995-22.


Table 1. Temperature and rainfall at the GCREC during the fall of 1995 and the 41-year averages
(Stanley, 1995).

Average Daily Temperature (F)
Maximum Minimum Rainfall (in.)
Month 1995z 41-yr avg 1995z 41-yr avg 1995z 41-yravg

September 91 90 73 71 8.25 8.15
October 87 85 70 64 5.12 2.93
November 77 79 56 58 3.97 1.97
December 72 74 50 52 1.16 2.33


zFirst transplanting September 19, 1995. Freezing temperatures on December 25, 1995. Trial
terminated December 31, 1995.











Table 2. Seed suppliers with designations referred to in Table 3.


Company/Supplier

American Takii
301 Natividad Rd., Salinas, CA 93906
Ball Seed
622 Town Road, West Chicago, IL 60185-2698
E. Benary Seed of America, Inc.
1444 Larson Street, Sycamore, IL 60178
Bodger Seeds, Ltd.
1800 North Tyler Avenue, South El Monte, CA 91733-3618
Daehnfeldt
P.O. Box 947, Albany, OR, 97321
Floranova
100 Breen Road, San Juan Bautista, CA 95045
Goldsmith Seeds
P. O. Box 1349, 2280 Hecker Pass Hwy., Gilroy, CA 95020
Pan American Seed Co.
P.O. Box 438, W. Chicago, IL 60185
Park Seed Company, Inc.
Cokesbury Road (Hwy 254), Greenwood, SC 29647
S & G Seeds, Inc.
3010 Woodcreek Dr., Suite B, Downers Grove, IL 60515
Sakata Seed America, Inc.
18095 Serene Drive, Morgan Hill, CA 95037
Waller Flowerseed Company
P.O. Box 70, Guadalupe, CA 93434


Designation

TAK

BLL

BEN

BOD

DFT

FLO

GLD

PAA

PRK

S&G

SAK

WAL







Table 3. Observations of assorted flowering bedding plants, Fall 1995.



Field Date" Divergence' Flower" Plant' Plant' Ratings
Genus species (Common Name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant'
Cultivar Source Flower Color' Date Date Flower Flowering (in.) (in.) (in.) Uniformity Flowering"' Lodging' Overall'


Ageratum houstonianum (Floss flower)

Hawaii Series


Blue Hawaii BOD blue-purple

Royal Hawaii BOD red-purple

White Hawaii BOD white

Begonia semperflorens (Fibrous-rooted begonia)

Alfa Series


8-21 9-27

8-21 10-4

8-21 9-27


11-21

11-28

11-16


15.2 16.8

8.0 12.8

10.8 16.3


Alfa Bicolor

Alfa Carmine Rose

Alfa Rose

Alfa Scarlet

Alfa White

Ambassador Series

Ambassador Bicolor

Ambassador Coral

Ambassador Pink

Ambassador Rose

Ambassador Salmon

Ambassador Scarlet

Ambassador Soft Pink

Ambassador White


Bingo Series

Bingo Pink

Bingo Red

Encore Series


Encore Pink/Bronze


DFT crm w/rose rim

DFT cherry

DFT rose

DFT scarlet

DFT white



DFT crm w/rose rim

DFT coral rose

DFT pink

DFT rose

DFT org-scarlet

DFT scarlet

DFT pink

DFT white


BLL pink

BLL scarlet



BLL rose


Encore White/Bronze BLL white


6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19



6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19



6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19



6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19


9-27

9-29

10-12

10-6

10-19



10-5

10-2

9-28

10-5

10-11

10-7

9-21

10-3


5.5 5.0

5.5 4.4

5.3 7.0

7.3 7.8

8.5 7.8



4.4 5.8

5.9 6.4

7.4 8.2

7.7 6.9

11.0 7.3

9.5 7.4

9.6 8.0

6.8 7.2



8.2 6.4

9.6 9.4


8.5/6

7.5/8

9/8.5

9/8.5

9/8



8/8

8/8

8/8

8/8.5

8.5/9

9/8.5

9/8

9/8



7/6

8.5/9.5


7.5/7

6.5/7.5

8/9

8.5/9

7/8



7/6

8/9.5

8.5/9

9/9

8.5/10

9/9

9/8.5

8.5/8.5


10-13 16 1.3 8.6 7.1 7/8 5.5/7

10-5 18 1.4 9.3 8.6 9/7 8.5/6.5


5/4

4/2

7/8

8/7

8.5/8



2.5/0.5

6/3

8.5/7.5

7.5/8

8.5/9.5

6.5/5.5

9/8

9/4.5



6/6.5

8.5/8.5


2/2.5

9/6






Table 3. Continued 2.


Field Date' Divergence' Flowerw Plant' Plant" Ratings
Genus species (common name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant
Cultivar Source Flower ColorY Date Date Flower Flowering (in.) (in.) (in.) Uniformity Flowering'' Lodging' Overall'


Espresso Series

Espresso Bicolor

Espresso Pink

Espresso Rose

Espresso Scarlet

Espresso White

Experimental Pink/Green Leaved

Experimental Red/Green Leaved

Experimental Rose/Green Leaved

Experimental White/Green Leaved

Experimental Scarlet Hanging

Inferno Series

Inferno Appleblossom

Inferno Red

Olympia Red Improved


Party Series

Partyboy

Partydress

Partyflirt

Partyfriend

Partygirl

Partylove


Prelude Series

Prelude Bicolor

Preclude Coral

Prelude Pink

Prelude Rose


DFT cream

DFT pink

DFT dk pink

DFT scarlet

DFT white

BEN pk

BEN red

BEN rose

BEN white

BLL scarlet



DFT crm w/pk border

DFT red

BEN red


BEN scarlet

BEN white

BEN rose

BEN red

BEN rose

BEN white


BLL crm w/rose edge

BLL org-rose

BLL pink

BLL rose


6-30 9-19 11-2

6-30 9-19 10-14

6-30 9-19 10-3

6-30 9-19 10-17

6-30 9-19 10-15

6-30 9-19 10-5

6-30 9-19 10-13

6-30 9-19 10-14

6-30 9-19 10-15

6-30 9-19 10-19



6-30 9-19 9-13

6-30 9-19 9-15

6-30 9-19 10-14



6-30 9-19 10-10

6-30 9-19 10-2

6-30 9-19 10-11

6-30 9-19 10-14

6-30 9-19 10-4

6-30 9-19 10-7



6-30 9-19 10-12

6-30 9-19 10-10

6-30 9-19 10-4

6-30 9-19 10-10


1.3 6.2

1.2 7.2

1.3 6.8

1.3 8.2

1.4 9.3

1.5 9.2

1.1 5.0

1.6 9.1

1.3 8.4

1.5 6.1



1.6 6.6

1.3 5.8

1.6 8.8



1.5 10.3

1.3 8.9

1.7 8.1

NM 5.0

1.5 9.9

1.4 7.4



1.2 5.0

1.0 6.3

1.4 8.4

1.3 8.0


6.5/7

8/7

7/7

6.5/6.5

8/8

8.5/7.5

9/9

8/7

8.5/7.5

7/6.5



8/6.5

6.5/7.5

7.5/9


5/7

8/9

7.5/9

6.5/9

7/8

8.5/8

8/7.5

8/8

7.5/8

6/6.5



8/8

6.5/7.5

8/8


7.5/9

7/6

8.5/8.5

8/8


1/3

2/2

4.5/5

6.5/7.5

7.5/8

6/3.5

7/6

7.5/5

7.5/5

3/2.5



5/4.5

4.5/4

4.5/1



7.5/6.5

7/6

5/2

1

4.5/3

2/2.5


4.5/1.5

4/4

7.5/7.5

7/8


7.5/7.5

6/6.5

9/9

7.5/8.5







Table 3. Continued 3.


Field Date" Divergence' Flower" Plant' Plant' Ratings
Genus species (common name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant
Cultivar Source Flower Color" Date Date Flower Flowering (in.) (in.) (in.) Uniformity Floweringe' Lodging' Overall'


Prelude Scarlet

Prelude White

Varsity Series


Varsity Bright Scarlet

Varsity Bronze Leaf Pink

Varsity Bronze Leaf Scarlet

Varsity Bronze Leaf White

Varsity Deep Rose

Varsity Rose

Varsity Scarlet

Varsity White

Victory Series


Victory Pink

Victory Rose

Victory Scarlet

Victory White

Vision Series

Vision Bright Rose

Vision Pink

Vision Red

Vision Salmon

Vision White


Browallia speciosa major

Amethyst

Catharanthus roseus (Vinca, periwinkle)

Apricot Delight


BLL scarlet

BLL white



S&G scarlet

S&G pink

S&G scarlet

S&G white

S&G rose

S&G rose

S&G scarlet

S&G white



GLD pink

GLD rose

GLD red

GLD white


BEN dkpk

BEN dkpk

BEN scarlet

BEN crm w/dk pk rim

BEN white


BLL dk blue-pur w/white eye



WAL peachy pk w/dk rose eye


6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19



6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19



6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19



6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19

6-30 9-19


10-13

9-25

10-7

9-18

10-12

9-20

10-6

9-18


9.7 7.4

6.2 6.8


6.5/7 8.5/9.5

8/7 6/9


6/6

6.5/6.5

8.5/9

8/8

8/6.5

7.5/9

8/6.5

7/8.5



8/6

7/6.5

9/7

8.5/8.5



9/8.5

8/7.5

7.5/8.5

7/6.5

8/8


10-19

10-22

10-7

10-8

10-4


8-4 9-19 10-24


4 0.6 8.3 8.9 10/9


8-4 9-27 10-4 14 1.5 6.7 8.8 10


6.5/8

8/8

7/8

9/9

8/9

7.5/9

6.5/8

5/7.5



6/6.5

8/7.5

8/7.5

9/8



7.5/8.5

6.5/8.5

7/9

6/8.5

6.5/7.5



8.5/10



8


5/5

6/6.5

5/6

7.5/6.5

6/5

7.5/7

5.5/4

2/2


7.5/7.5

6/8

7/8

6/7

4/5


NR 9.5/9



10 7


8-4 9-27 10-7 5 1.6 9.1 11.0 7.5 8.5 9


Experimental Vinca TAK lilac w/dk red-pur eye






Table 3. Continued 4.


Field Date' Divergence' Flower" Plant' Plant Ratings
Genus species (common name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant"
Cultivar Source Flower Color' Date Date Flower Flowering (inin. ) n.) (in.) Uniformity Floweringe' Lodging' Overall'


Prairie Pastels


Passion


Pacifica Series

Pacifica Blush

Pacifica Lilac

Pacifica Mixed

Pacifica Polka Dot

Pacifica Punch

Pacifica Red

Pacifica White

Tropicana White

Celosia plumosa (Wheat celosia)

Pink Candle


Dahlia x hybrida

Diablo Mixed

Dianthus hbrida [D. chinensis x D. barbatus]

Floral Lace Series

Floral Lace Crimson

Floral Lace Picotee

Floral Lace Rose

Floral Lace Violet

Floral Lace Violet Picotee

Floral Lace Mix

Gazania splendens

Experimental Orange

Experimental White


S&G mix

PRK fuchsia w/gold eye



WAL pk w/lg rose eye

WAL orch w/red eye

WAL mix

WAL wh w/red eye

WAL red-pk w/red eye

WAL cherry

WAL wh w/yel eye w/pk halo

WAL wh w/yel eye


TAK pink


9-27 10-9

9-27 10-8



9-27 10-11

9-27 10-7

9-27 10-15

9-27 10-8

9-27 10-12

9-27 10-15

9-27 10-9

9-27 10-8


8-21 9-27 10-26



8-4 9-19 10-29


WAL mix


3LL garnet

BLL gar w/wh edge

BLL ruby w/rose edge

BLL red-pur

BLL pur w/wh edge

BLL mix


BEN tang-org

BEN white


9-19 9-20

9-19 10-5

9-19 10-5

9-19 10-9

9-19 10-10

9-19 10-7



9-19 10-2

9-19 10-2


11.3 11.5

11.6 10.6



8.4 10.0

6.7 8.8

7.8 8.8

8.4 9.2

7.9 10

7.9 8.2

9.1 12.2

6.4 9.0


7 3.8 41.9 NM 9.5/8.5 10/10



20 3.0 12.7 16.4 10/8 6.5/8.5


7.5 8.9

7.4 8.4

7.2 8.3

5.8 7.4

6.8 8.4

6.5 7.8



5.4 9.6

4.9 10.5


9.5

10

8.5

7

8.5

8.5



9/9/9.5

8/8.5/9


10

9.5

9

7.5

8.5

8.5



8.5/9.5/9

7/8/9.5


10/8 8.5/9



9/8 7.5/8





9 9.5

10 9.5

9 9

10 8.5

9 7.5

9 8.5



10/10/NR 9/9.5/9

10/10/NR 8/8/9
,O


34 1.9 5.2 10.3 8.5/8.5/8.5 8/9/9 10/10/NR 9/9/9


Experimental Yellow BEN gold


8-4 9-19 10-10







Table 3. Continued 5.



Field Date' Divergence" Flower' Plant' Plant' Ratings
Genus species (common name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant
Cultivar Source Flower ColorY Date Date Flower Flowering (in.) (in.) (in.) Uniformity Floweringe' Lodging' Overall'


BEN gold


8-4 9-19 10-25


53 2.1 4.1 10.4 9/8.5/8.5 7/7.5/8 10/10/NR 8.5/8.5/8.5


Gomphrena gobosa

Gnome Series


Gnome Pink

Gnome Purple

Gnome White

Gvosophila muralis (Baby's breath)

Garden Bride Soft Pink

Helianthus annuus (Sunflower)

Big Smile

Double Sun

Full Sun

Moonbright

Prado Series

Prado Gold

Prado Red

Sunbeam

Sunbright

Taiyo

Teddy Bear

Schnittgold (Cutting Gold)

Lavadula augustifolia (Lavender)

Hidcote Blue

Lobelia erinus

Palace Blue with Eye

Riviera Series


SAK lav-pk

SAK dk plum pur

SAK crm-wht



DFT It pk



BLL gld w/bm disc

BLL org-gld dbl no disc

BLL gld w/bn disc

BLL lemon w/brn disc



PAA gld w/bm disc

PAA mah-red mix dk bm disc

BLL gold w/green & gold disc

BLL gold w/dk bm disc

BLL gold w/bm disc

BLL gold dbl no disc

BEN gold w/bm disc



WAL DNF



BOD dk pur-blue w/wh eye


8-21 9-27

8-21 9-27

8-21 9-27


8-4 9-27 9-27


8-31 9-19

8-31 9-19

8-31 9-19

8-31 9-19



8-31 9-19

8-31 9-19

8-31 9-19

8-31 9-19

8-31 9-19

8-31 9-19

8-31 9-19


10-11

10-27

10-31

10-22



10-18

10-19

10-28

10-31

10-30

10-19

11-3


6.7 8.8

7.1 9.5

8.1 9.4


0 0.3 6.1 13 8.5 10 NR


13.2 12.8

37.2 21.1

52.8 29.8

38.7 25.0



28.7 19.1

33.3 24.1

30.1 25.4

42.3 30.1

38.3 29.3

16.1 13.0

42.5 29.9


8-4 10-4 DNF DNF DNF NM NM 5.5 DNF


8-4 9-27 9-18


0 0.4 2.8 4.0


8 9.5 10


Riviera Blue Eyes WAL dk pur-blue w/wh eye


Talent Yellow


10 10 5


8-4 9-27 9-18 0 0.5 3.7 6.5






Table 3. Continued 6.


Field Date' Divergencex Flower" Plant' Plant' Ratings
Genus species (common name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant
Cultivar Source Flower Color' Date Date Flower Flowering (in.) (in.) (in.) Uniformity Flowering"' Lodging' Overall'


Riviera Blue Splash

Riviera Lilac

Riviera Marine Blue

Riviera Midnight Blue

Riviera Sky Blue

Riviera White

Regatta Series

Regatta Blue Splash

Regatta Lilac

Regatta Marine Blue

Regatta Midnight Blue

Regatta Rose

Regatta Sky Blue

Regatta White

Lobularia maritima (Alyssum)

New Carpet of Snow

Pastel Carpet

Snowdrift

Wonderland White

Matthiola incana (Stock)

Harmony Light Rose

Melampodium paludosum

Derby Series

Derby Gold

Derby Yellow

Experimental Melampodium

Showstar Yellow


WAL wh w/pur streaks low onthrt

WAL It rosey-pur

WAL dk purple-blue

WAL dk purple-blue

WAL med blue

WAL white



WAL wh w/blue thrt

WAL rosey-pur

WAL electric blue

WAL dk pur-blue

WAL dk plum rose w/wh eye

WAL med blue

WAL white



WAL white

WAL pastel mix

WAL white

BOD white



TAK dk rose


BEN gold

BEN gold

TAK gold

BEN gold


9-18

9-22

9-18

9-18

9-18

9-18



9-18

9-18

9-18

9-18

9-25

9-18

9-18



10-15

10-9

10-3

10-16


8-4 9-19 10-27


10-2

10-5

9-29

10-3


0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5



0.6

0.6

0.5

0.6

0.5

0.5

0.5



0.3/0.9

0.3/1.0

0.3/0.9

0.3/0.9


2.9 4.4

3.3 5.1

3.3 6.1

3.6 5.5

3.1 5.7

2.8 5.2



3.6 6.5

4.4 7.6

4.8 9.2

3.8 5.6

5.1 7.5

4.6 6.6

3.9 6.4



4.8 16.2

6.4 20.8

5.8 18.5

4.9 16.8


7.5 9.5

8 9.5

8.5 9.5

8 9.5

8 8.5

8 9


8.5

8

9

8

9

8.5

8.5



8.5/9

8.5/8.5

10/8.5

8.5/9


8.5

8.5

8

9

10

10

8.5



8/10

9.5/10

10/10

9/10


5 1.4/6.6 17.8 12.4 8.5/8 9.5/9.5 10/10


14.3 12.9

13.3 13.9

13.4 17.6

11.6 13.0







Table 3. Continued 7.


Field Dates Divergence' Flower" Plant' Plant" Ratings
Genus species (common name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant"
Cultivar Source Flower ColorY Date Date Flower Flowering (inin. ) in.) (in.) Uniformity Floweringe' Lodging' Overall'


Pelargonium x hortorum (Geranium)

Avanti Series


Avanti Orange Bicolor

Avanti Pink

Avanti Red Improved

Venus


Pentas x lanceolata (Star-cluster)

New Look

Petunia x hvbrida

Fantasy Series (milliflora)

Fantasy Blue

Fantasy Crystal Red

Fantasy Pink

Fantasy Pink Morn


FLO dk scarlet-org w/wh ctr


FLO pink 8-4

FLO scarlet 8-4

FLO vv It pk w/lg dk pk ctr & edge 8-4


BEN brt pink


GLD dk pur

GLD sal-pk w/red vein

GLD rose w/wh thrt

GLD It pk rim, crm halo, yel thrt


Fantasy Red GLD red w/wh thrt

Fantasy Salmon GLD red-salmon

Heavenly Lavender (double multiflora) GLD pk-lav

Lavender Storm (grandiflora) GLD lav-rose w/wh thrt

Madness Series (floribunda)

Burgundy Madness BLL dk bur-plum

Midnight Madness BLL dk purple

Orchid Madness BLL It nlum w/vein


Pink Madness

Plum Madness

Plum Crazy Madness

Rose Madness


BLL dk rosey-pk

BLL plum w/vein

BLL It plum w/veined ctr

BLL rose


8-4 10-4 12-9


11-2

11-22

11-15


37 2.1/NM 7.9 10.8


1.9/3.9

1.8/4.0

1.7/4.1


9 5.5 NR


8.4 10.7

9.4 11.9

11.6 13.8


6-30 9-27 10-21 27 0.7/2.9 7.8 8.8 7.5/7.5


9-19

9-19

9-19

9-19

9-19

9-19

9-19

9-19



9-19

9-19

9-19

9-19

9-19

9-19

9-19


9-13

9-15

9-15

9-14

9-18

9-20

9-22

9-27



9-20

9-18

9-28

9-21

9-20

9-26

9-19


6.2 12.8

6.8 9.5

6.4 11.9

6.3 11.1

6.4 12.0

5.5 10.7

11.7 20.4

10.8 17.4



10.8 23.1

12.7 NM

11.7 NM

9.8 NM

13.8 NM

10.8 NM

9.1 NM


6/8 NR


>.5 NR

).5 NR

10 NR

?.5 NR

9.5 NR

10 NR

1 7

10 8


8-4 9-19 9-22 12 2.5 9.8 NM


9

9

10

9.5

9.5

9.5

4

9



9.5

7

9.5

9

6

9

10 i-'
O


10 10 10 10


S" ess BLL rosey pk w/vein






e Continued 8.


Field Datex Divergence' Flower" Plant' Plant' Ratings
Genus species (common name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant
Cultivar Source Flower Color' Date Date Flower Flowering (in.) (in.) (in.) Uniformity Flowering"' Lodging' Overall'


Simply Madness

Spring Madness

Sugar Madness

Total Madness

White Madness

Double Madness Series (double floribunda)

Double Madness Burgundy

Double Madness Sheer

Merlin Series multifloraa)

Merlin Blue

Merlin Blue Picotee

Merlin Cherry Rose

Merlin Pink

Merlin Salmon

Prism Series (grandiflora)

Prism Bright Rose

Prism Pink

Purple Wave (creeping)

Salvia srlendens (Scarlet sage)

Cover Girl Scarlet

Tagetes spatula (French marigold)

Aurora Series


BLL dk salmon

BLL It pk w/vein

BLL plum w/vein

BLL mix

BLL white



BLL dbl-dk plum

BLL dbl pk w/rose vein



SAK dk pur

SAK dkpur

SAK cherry-rose

SAK dk pk w/wh thrt

SAK sal w/wh thrt


FLO cherry-rose

FLO dkpk

PAA plum-rose



BEN red


9-19 9-22

9-19 10-23


7.2 15.4

7.9 14.8

10 NM

10.3 NM

9.7 NM



11.2 NM

10.4 NM



9.8 NM

7.1 NM

6.3 NM

5.9 NM

6.6 NM



7.1 13.1

6.6 12.8

6.4 NM


9-19

10-20

10-2

10-9

10-4



9-21

9-24

10-12


9

8.5

10

9

9.5



10

10



9

8

10

9.5

10



10

8.5

9.5/10/10


9.5

9.5

9.5

10

10



6.5

8



9.5

8

10

9.5

9



9.5

8.5

7/10/10


8-21 10-4 10-28 15 1.8/6.6 15.9 NM 8/9 8/10


Aurora Fire

Aurora Gold

Aurora Light Yellow

Aurora Mixture

Aurora Orange


WAL mah w/gold edge

WAL gold

WAL yellow

WAL mix

WAL org


10

10

10

9

9



10

10



8

10

10

10

10



10

10

8/10/10



10/10


8.5

8.5

9.5

9.5

9.5



7

8



8

8

10

9

9.5



9.5

6.5

8/10/9



4/9.5


10-17

10-8

10-13

10-19

10-19


15.6 20.4

13.0 19.5

11.8 18.1

13.9 16.9

14.6 17.6







Table 3. Continued 9.


Field Date' Divergence' Flower" Plant' Plant' Ratings
Genus species (common name) Seed' Sowing Transplant First of Size Height Width Plant
Cultivar Source Flower Color' Date Date Flower Flowering (in.) (in.) (in.) Uniformity Flowering"' Lodging' Overall'


Aurora Red

Aurora Yellow Fire

Janie Series

Janie Bright Yellow

Janie Deep Orange

Janie Flame

Janie Gold

Janie Harmony

Janie Primrose

Janie Spry

Janie Tangerine


WAL mah-red w/gold edge

WAL yel w/mah bases


WAL

WAL

WAL

WAL

WAL

WAL

WAL

WAL


yellow

orange

mah w/org edge

org-gold

mah-red w/org crest & edge

gr-yel

mah-red w/gld crest & edge

orange


8-21 9-19 10-20

8-21 9-19 10-25


10-13

10-9

10-12

10-2

10-7

10-6

9-27

10-17


'Source is not necessarily the developer. Refer to Table 2 for source designations.
'Abbreviations: brt = bright; brn = brown; bur = burgundy; ctr = center, crm = cream; dk = dark; dbl = double; gar = garnet; gld = gold; gr = green; Ig
= orchid; pk = pink; pur = purple; sal = salmon; tang = tangerine; thrt = throat; v = very; wh = white; w/ = with; yel = yellow.
'Abbreviations: DNF = did not flower. Divergence of flowering was the number of days between when the first plant in the plot flowered until the last.
"Lobularia, Pelargonium, and Pentas = flower diameter/head diameter, Matthiola and Salvia = flower diameter/spike length. DNF = did not flower.
'NM = not measured.


large; lav = lavender; It = light; mah = mahogany; med = medium; org = orange; orch


"Rating : 10 = excellent, 9 = superior, 8 = very good, 7 = good, 6 = fair, 1 = very poor, 0 = all dead. NR = not rated. Multiple ratings in chronological order.
'Density and distribution rating.
'Rating: 10 = no lodging, 1 = plants flattened to ground. NR = not rated. Multiple ratings in chronological order.
Inclusive rating for appearance and vigor: 10 = excellent, 9 = superior, 8 = very good, 7 = good, 6 = fair, 1 = very poor, 0 = all dead. NR = not rated. Multiple ratings in chronological order.


13.6 NM

11.5 14.1








The Gulf Coast Research and Education Center


The Gulf Coast Research and Education Center is
a unit of the Institute of Food and Agricultural Sci-
ences, University of Florida. The Research Center
originated in the fall of 1925 as the Tomato
Disease Laboratory with the primary objective of
developing control procedures for an epidemic out-
break of nailhead spot of tomato. Research was ex-
panded in subsequent years to include study of sev-
eral other tomato diseases.

In 1937, new research facilities were established
in the town of Manatee, and the Center scope was
enlarged to include horticultural, entomological, and
soil science studies of several vegetable crops. The
ornamental program was a natural addition to the
Center's responsibilities because of the emerging in-
dustry in the area in the early 1940's.

The Center's current location was established in
1965 where a comprehensive research and extension
program on vegetable crops and ornamental plants is
conducted. Three state extension specialists posi-
tions, 16 state research scientists, and two grant
supported scientists from various disciplines of
training participate in all phases of vegetable and
ornamental horticultural programs. This interdisci-
plinary team approach, combining several research
disciplines and a wide range of industry and faculty
contacts, often is more productive than could be ac-
complished with limited investments in independent
programs.


The Center's primary mission is to develop new
and expand existing knowledge and technology, and
to disseminate new scientific knowledge in Florida, so
that agriculture remains efficient and economically
sound.

The secondary mission of the Center is to assist
the Cooperative Extension Service, IFAS campus
departments, in which Center faculty hold appropri-
ate liaison appointments, and other research centers
in extension, educational training, and cooperative
research programs for the benefit of Florida's pro-
ducers, students, and citizens.

Program areas of emphasis include: (1) genetics,
breeding, and variety development and evaluation;
(2) biological, chemical, and mechanical pest manage-
ment in entomology, plant pathology, nematology,
bacteriology, virology, and weed science; (3) produc-
tion efficiency, culture, management, and counteract-
ing environmental stress; (4) water management and
natural resource protection; (5) post-harvest physiol-
ogy, harvesting, handling and food quality of horti-
cultural crops; (6) technical support and assistance to
the Florida Cooperative Extension Service; and (7)
advancement of fundamental knowledge of disciplines
represented by faculty and (8) directing graduate
student training and teaching special undergraduate
classes.


Location of
GCREC Bradenton


IFAS IS:
D The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences,
University of Florida.
D A statewide organization dedicated to teaching,
research and extension.
" Faculty located in Gainesville and at 13 research
and education centers, 67 county extension
offices and four demonstration units throughout
the state.
Q A partnership in food and agriculture, and natural
and renewable resource research and education,
funded by state, federal and local government,
and by gifts and grants from individuals, founda-
tions, government and industry.
" An organization whose mission is:
Educating students in the food, agricultural,
and related sciences and natural resources.
Strengthening Florida's diverse food and
agricultural industry and its environment
through research.
Enhancing for all Floridians, the application
of research and knowledge to improve the
quality of life statewide through IFAS exten-
sion programs.